Some comments on the views of Niaz, Rodriguez and Brito on Mendeleev's periodic system
Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)
Eric, Scerri.
Full Text Available Many articles have been written about the value of incorporating an understanding of history and philosophy of science into science education and this has included the teaching of chemistry. Given the immense role that the periodic table plays in chemistry it is important to be clear about a histori [...] cal and philosophical perspective on the periodic table and its possible ramifications for the way in which chemistry is presented. The article presents a critique of a paper by Niaz, Rodriguez and Brito who have addressed the relevance of historical and philosophical aspects of the periodic table in an article in which they have claimed that Mendeleev's periodic table should be regarded as a theory. In addition they have claimed that Mendeleev was a supporter of the atomic theory and have addressed some general philosophical questions concerning inductivism and the role of prediction and accommodation in the acceptance of scientific discoveries.
Interaction properties of ytterbium with elements of Mendeleev periodic table
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This article presents the new data on ytterbium interaction with elements of Mendeleev periodic table. The state diagrams of ytterbium with magnesium, calcium, strontium, and barium are constructed. The state diagrams of ytterbium with Cu, Ag, Au, Zn, Cd, Hg, B,Al, Ga, In, Tl are considered.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Khazan A.
2009-07-01
Full Text Available This paper gives a survey for the methods how a possible upper limit in Mendeleev's Periodic Table can be found. It is show, only the method of hyperbolas leads to exact answering this question.
From the Mendeleev periodic table to particle physics and back to the periodic table
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We briefly describe in this paper the passage from Mendeleev's chemistry (1869) to atomic physics (in the 1900's), nuclear physics (in the 1932's) and particle physics (from 1953 to 2006). We show how the consideration of symmetries, largely used in physics since the end of the 1920's, gave rise to a new format of the periodic table in the 1970's. More specifically, this paper is concerned with the application of the group SO(4,2)xSU(2) to the periodic table of chemical elements. It is shown how the Madelung rule of the atomic shell model can be used for setting up a periodic table that can be further rationalized via the group SO(4,2)xSU(2) and some of its subgroups. Qualitative results are obtained from this nonstandard table. (author)
From the Mendeleev periodic table to particle physics and back to the periodic table
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kibler, Maurice R. [Universite de Lyon, Institut de Physique Nucleaire, Universite Lyon 1 and CNRS/IN2P3, 43 Bd du 11 Novembre 1918, F-69622 Villeurbanne Cedex (France)
2006-11-15
We briefly describe in this paper the passage from Mendeleev's chemistry (1869) to atomic physics (in the 1900's), nuclear physics (in the 1932's) and particle physics (from 1953 to 2006). We show how the consideration of symmetries, largely used in physics since the end of the 1920's, gave rise to a new format of the periodic table in the 1970's. More specifically, this paper is concerned with the application of the group SO(4,2)xSU(2) to the periodic table of chemical elements. It is shown how the Madelung rule of the atomic shell model can be used for setting up a periodic table that can be further rationalized via the group SO(4,2)xSU(2) and some of its subgroups. Qualitative results are obtained from this nonstandard table. (author)
Superconductivity, antiferromagnetism and ferromagnetism in periodic table of D.I. Mendeleev
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Basic tendencies in the distribution of ferromagnetic (FM), antiferromagnetic (AFM) and superconductive (SC) elements in the periodic table D.I. Mendeleev are traced. FM is observed at the elements in which 3d-shell is more than half-filled (the number of 3d-electrons 6?n?8), and at the elements with 4f-shell, contained k electrons in 4f-shell, at which the sum k+n?8. Estimation of the radii of the d-, f- and p-orbitals on Slater method shown that 3d- and 4f-shells of FM are more pressing, than the ones with smaller n and k+n, and are well separated in crystal. AFM is observed at the elements, at which 3d- or 4f-shells are precisely half-filled. SC is observed in the 3d-, 4d- and 5d-elements at 1?n?x, x grows from 3 in 3d-elements to 7 in 4d- and 5d-elements, and in 7th period only at n=2 and k+n=3. Further, SC is observed at the elements, at which 3p-, 4p-, 5p- and 6p-shells contain no more than 4 electrons. In SC crystals the wave functions of external d- and p-electrons of each atom penetrate inside neighbor atoms and overlap with corresponding wave functions with smaller main quantum number than of central atom. In this case the separation of spin and charge in electron is quite possible and the charges without spin become bosons. Spins obtained magnetic moments are ordered antiparallel by two. At transfer that pair in the parallel state by magnetic field its magnetic flux from magnetic field component along of magnetic field is equal to 1 fluxon (quant of magnetic flux)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The share of free neutral atoms, N0, for all elements in Protoplanet nebula has been determined with the account of their abundance and physico-chemical properties. The linear dependence for the ratio of nonvolatile and volatile elements in chondrites and igneous rocks of the Earth on N0 was obtained. The Mendeleev Periodic Law was used to obtain the proof of the existence of the hypothetical process of element magnetic separation in Protoplanet nebula. To this end the concentration ratios of element-analogous with different N0 in the matters of Venus, Earth, Mars, and chondrites were compared. The data obtained are sufficient demonstration of the existence of the hypothetical process of element magnetic separation in Protoplanet nebula. With the account of the above said, it was shown that Shergotty and Tunguska meteorites by their relative elemental composition are close to Mars and asteroids, respectively. (author)
Superconductivity, antiferromagnetism and ferromagnetism in periodic table of D.I. Mendeleev
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Definite regularity in the distribution of ferromagnetic, antiferromagnetic and superconducting elements is observed in the periodic table starting with the 4th period. Elements with superconductivity, by which d-shells start to fill up, are at the beginning of each period; then follow antiferromagnetics and ferromagnetics (in 4th period and lanthanides), or elements without any of the three listed order types (5th period and 6th period), in which the d (f)-shells continue to fill up almost exceedingly; then again appear superconductors by filling the p-shell up to the number is equal to 4. We calculated the radii of the external d (f)- and p-orbitals and the nearest to them orbitals with the Slater method. These trends were explained by distinction of degree of division of the external d (f)- or p-orbitals of the neighboring atoms in the crystal. Largest division occurs in ferromagnetics. In antiferromagnetics it is smaller than in ferromagnetics. It is demonstrated that in the superconducting crystals the external dor p-shells approach the nucleus of neighboring atoms are much closely those for ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic crystals. Furthermore the external d- or p-shells of some elements in the 5th and 6th periods approach the deeper shells of neighboring atoms. Hence the electron in this shell is situated in neighboring atoms in a different electric field from its own. This fact is open to speculation that the separation of spin and charge in electron, disposed on the external d- or p-orbitals, is quite possible. The charges without spin become bosons. Spins that have the magnetic moments are ordered antiparallel in pairs. Magnetic field transfers this pair in a parallel state and a magnetic flux component along of magnetic field from the pair is equal to one fluxon (the quant of the magnetic flux).
Geometrochemistry vs Soft Computing of Mendeleev's Brain.
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Gottvald, Aleš
Brno : Brno University of Technology, 2010, s. 558-564. ISBN 978-80-214-4120-0. [Mendel 2010 - International Conference on Soft Computing /16./. Brno (CZ), 23.06.2010-25.06.2010] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20650511 Keywords : projective geometry * Law of Mass Action * Mendeleev periodic table * brain information processing * artificial neural networks * cross-ratio * incidence structures Subject RIV: BD - Theory of Information
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Štrbá?ová, So?a
Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2015 - (Kaji, M.; Kragh, H.; Pallo, G.), s. 121-149 ISBN 978-0-19-020007-7 R&D Projects: GA AV ?R IAAX00630801 Institutional support: RVO:68378114 Keywords : D. I. Mendeleev * B. Brauner * history of the periodic system of elements Subject RIV: AB - History
The role of the Czech chemists in reception and dissemination of the periodic system in Europe.
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Štrbá?ová, So?a
Budapest : MKE, 2009. s. 40. ISBN 978-963-9319-96-7. [International conference on the history of chemistry. Consumers and experts. The uses of chemistry ( and alchemy) /7./. 02.08.2009-05.08.2009, Sopron] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80630520 Keywords : D.I. Mendeleev * B. Brauner * periodic system of elements * history of chemistry * history of Czech chemistry Subject RIV: AB - History
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The 5 volume of the XVIII Mendeleev congress on general and applied chemistry includes summaries of reports on the subjects of sypramolecular systems in chemistry and biology, organic chemistry, modern radiochemistry, green chemistry - development and social responsibility of chemists, nucleophilic hydrogen substitution in aromatic systems and related chemical reactions
Lu, Wenlian; Chen, Tianping
2006-01-01
In this paper, we investigate the existence and the global stability of periodic solution for dynamical systems with periodic interconnections, inputs and self-inhibitions. The model is very general, the conditions are quite weak and the results obtained are universal.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Raos, N.
2011-12-01
Full Text Available The Croatian (Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts was the first academy to elect D. I. Mendeleev as its honorary member (1882, whereas the periodic table of the elements has been taught regularly at the Zagreb University since 1888. The early interest of Croatian chemists in the periodic table should be attributed primarily to their pan-Slavic attitude, particularly as proof that Slavic people were able to produce "their own Newtons" (M. V. Lomonosov and D. I. Mendeleev. Such enthusiastic views, however, did not help in analyzing the contribution of Mendeleev and other scientists to the discovery and development of the periodic table of the elements.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Adsorption properties of Sokirnitsky clinoptilolite modified with implementation of the in situ oxidative polymerization of aniline on the surface of mineral particles to anions Cr(VI), Mo(VI), W(VI), P(V), As(V), and V(V) are investigated. Promising usage of the synthesized composite for the extraction and the pre-concentration of phosphate-ions in neutral, polymolybdate- and dichromate-ions in acidic, and arsenate-ions in alkaline media is shown.
Polyak, L.; Curry, W.B.; Darby, D.A.; Bischof, J.; Cronin, T. M.
2004-01-01
Distinct cyclicity in lithology and microfaunal distribution in sediment cores from the Mendeleev Ridge in the western Arctic Ocean (water depths ca. 1. 5 km) reflects contrasting glacial/interglacial sedimentary patterns. We conclude that during major glaciations extremely thick pack ice or ice shelves covered the western Arctic Ocean and its circulation was restricted in comparison with interglacial, modern-type conditions. Glacier collapse events are marked in sediment cores by increased contents of ice-rafted debris, notably by spikes of detrital carbonates and iron oxide grains from the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Composition of foraminiferal calcite ?? 18O and ??13C also shows strong cyclicity indicating changes in freshwater balance and/or ventilation rates of the Arctic Ocean. Light stable isotopic spikes characterize deglacial events such as the last deglaciation at ca. 12 14C kyr BP. The prolonged period with low ??18O and ??13C values and elevated contents of iron oxide grains from the Canadian Archipelago in the lower part of the Mendeleev Ridge record is interpreted to signify the pooling of freshwater in the Amerasia Basin, possibly in relation to an extended glaciation in arctic North America. Unique benthic foraminiferal events provide a means for an independent stratigraphic correlation of sedimentary records from the Mendeleev Ridge and other mid-depth locations throughout the Arctic Ocean such as the Northwind and Lomonosov Ridges. This correlation demonstrates the disparity of existing age models and underscores the need to establish a definitive chronostratigraphy for Arctic Ocean sediments. ?? 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Park, K.; Kim, S.; Khim, B. K.; Wang, R.; Mei, J.; Xiao, W.; Polyak, L. V.
2014-12-01
Late Quaternary deep sea sediments in the Arctic Ocean are characterized by brown layers intercalated with yellowish to olive gray layers. It has been known that the brown and gray layers were deposited during interglacial (or interstadial) and glacial (or stadial) periods, respectively. A 5.5-m long gravity core MA01 was obtained from the Mendeleev Ridge in the western Arctic Ocean by R/V Xue Long during scientific cruise CHINARE-V. Age (~1.0 Ma) of core MA01 was tentatively decided by correlation of sediment color cycles, XRF Mn and Ca cycles, and geomagnetic inclinations with core HLY0503-8JPC (Adler et al., 2009) and core HLY0503-06JPC(Cronin et al., 2013) that were also collected from the Mendeleev Ridge area. A total of 23 brown layers are characterized by low L* and b*, high Mn concentration, and abundant foraminifera. In contrast, gray layers are characterized by high L* and b*, low Mn concentration, and few foraminiferal tests. Foraminifera abundance peaks are not well correlated to CaCO3 peaks which are accompanied with the coarse-grained (>63 ?m) fractions (i.e., IRD) both in brown and gray layers. A strong positive correlation coefficient (r2=0.89) between TOC content and C/N ratio indicates that the major source of organic matter is terrestrial. The good correlations of CaCO3 content to TOC (r2=0.56) and C/N ratio (r2=0.69) imply that IRDs contain detrital CaCO3 fraction which mainly originated from the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. In addition, high kaolinite/chlorite (K/C) ratios mostly correspond to CaCO3 peaks, also suggesting that the fine-grained particles in the Mendeleev Ridge were transported from the northern coasts of the Alaska and Canada. Thus, the Beaufort Gyre, the predominant surface current in the western Arctic Ocean, has played an important role in the sediment delivery to the Mendeleev Ridge. It is worthy of note that TOC and CaCO3 peaks are obviously distinct in the upper part of core MA01, whereas these peaks are reduced in the lower part of the core. More study on these contrasting features is in progress.
Periodic Systems Dependent on Parameters
Min He
2010-01-01
This paper is concerned with a periodic system dependent on parameter. We study differentiability with respect to parameters of the periodic solution of the system. Applying a fixed point theorem and the results regarding parameters for -semigroups, we obtained some convenient conditions for determining differentiability with parameters of the periodic solution. The paper is concluded with an application of the obtained results to a periodic boundary value problem.
Periodic systems filtering and control
Bittanti, Sergio
2008-01-01
This book offers a comprehensive treatment of the theory of periodic systems, including the problems of filtering and control. It covers an array of topics, presenting an overview of the field and focusing on discrete-time signals and systems..
Jang, Kwangchul; Han, Yeongcheol; Huh, Youngsook; Nam, Seung-Il; Stein, Ruediger; Mackensen, Andreas; Matthiessen, Jens
2013-05-01
The freshwater budget of the Arctic Ocean is a key component governing the deep water formation in the North Atlantic and the global climate system. We analyzed the isotopic composition of neodymium (?Nd) in authigenic phases of marine sediments on the Mendeleev Ridge in the western Arctic Ocean spanning an estimated time interval from present to about 75 ka BP. This continuous record was used to reconstruct the ?Nd of the polar deep water (PDW) and changes in freshwater sources to the PDW through time. Three deviations in ?Nd from a long term average of -10.2 were identified at estimated 46-51, 35-39 and 13-21 ka BP. The estimated 46-51 ka BP event can be traced to bursting of ice-dammed lakes accompanying the collapse of the Barents-Kara Ice Sheet, which would have released radiogenic Nd to the eastern Arctic Ocean. The cyclonic surface circulation in the eastern Arctic Ocean must have been stronger than at present for the event to be recorded on the Mendeleev Ridge. For the 35-39 and 13-21 ka BP events, it is likely that the Laurentide Ice Sheet (LIS) supplied the unradiogenic freshwater. The configuration of the anticyclonic circulation in the western Arctic was probably similar to today or expanded eastward. Our simple mass balance calculations suggest that large amounts of freshwater were released but due to significant deep water formation within the Arctic Ocean, the effect on the formation of NADW was probably minor.
Soliton Management in Periodic Systems
Malomed, Boris A
2006-01-01
During the past ten years, there has been intensive development in theoretical and experimental research of solitons in periodic media. This book provides a unique and informative account of the state-of-the-art in the field. The volume opens with a review of the existence of robust solitary pulses in systems built as a periodic concatenation of very different elements. Among the most famous examples of this type of systems are the dispersion management in fiber-optic telecommunication links, and (more recently) photonic crystals. A number of other systems belonging to the same broad class of spatially periodic strongly inhomogeneous media (such as the split-step and tandem models) have recently been identified in nonlinear optics, and transmission of solitary pulses in them was investigated in detail. Similar soliton dynamics occurs in temporal-domain counterparts of such systems, where they are subject to strong time-periodic modulation (for instance, the Feshbach-resonance management in Bose-Einstein conde...
Stratigraphy, Structure, and Origin; A Geophysical Survey of the Mendeleev Ridge
Dove, D.; Coakley, B.; Hopper, J.
2006-12-01
The Mendeleev Ridge is a broad, aseismic ridge that extends from the Siberian Shelf into the central Arctic Ocean. While it is continuous with the Alpha Ridge and is inferred to be an oceanic plateau, it may have had a distinct and separate history. The origin of the Mendeleev ridge has only rarely been visited and, as a result, understanding the history of this region has largely been based on the presumption of a common origin for both features. In late summer 2005, a geophysical survey was conducted from USCGC Healy over the Mendeleev Ridge as part of a trans-arctic crossing. During this survey ~730 km of seismic reflection data was recovered over the ridge along with co-registered gravity and bathymetry data and seismic refraction profiles. The seismic source was two 250 cu in G-guns. The streamer length was limited by ice conditions to 300 meters. Wear and tear caused by towing the streamer through the ice pack eliminated hydrophones, so the number of active channels ranged from 24 to as few as 11. The seismic reflection data requires significant trace editing to eliminate random electrical noise and frequency-wave number filtering to eliminate low velocity noise caused by the streamer traveling through heavy ice. After trace editing the data are stacked and migrated with constant water velocity. Stacking velocities are used as input into initial ray tracing models. Derived boundary velocities from ray tracing models will be reapplied to the migration of reflection data and are converted through empirical relationships into densities, and used as input into gravity models. Brute stacked reflection images of the Mendeleev Ridge reveal pervasive extensional faulting of the basement and lower sediment layers, and a continuous, undeformed pelagic sediment layer mantling the ridge, indicative of recent tectonic inactivity. The age of the unconformity underlying this layer should date the end of significant deformation of the Alpha and Mendeleev Ridges. Consistency of modeled seismic velocities from the upper basement will provide some insight into the nature of the crustal material. Upper basement velocities estimated from the sonobuoy data range from 3.7-5.0 km/s, suggestive of a heterogeneous upper crust. Initial gravity models suggest that much of the amplitude variation over the Mendeleev Ridge is accommodated by invoking a single, continuous density layer for the crust. Future work will include: developing a structural map of the Mendeleev ridge as well as the refining of both the ray-tracing and gravity modeling in an attempt to better understand the crustal style of the ridge.
Transgressive Legacies of Memory : The Concept of Techné in Primo Levi's 'Periodic Table'
Botez, Catalina
2012-01-01
This chapter is looking at Italian writer Primo Levi’s most original work Il sistema periodico (1975), translated in English as The Periodic Table (1995), which engages in a fascinating manner with the overlapping spheres of (auto)biography, memoir, poetical myth and fiction. This compelling literary hybrid mingles landmarks of personal pre- and post-WWII experience with significant fictitious tales, mapped around elements of Mendeleev’s periodic table.The concept that binds all twenty one st...
Asymptotic Behavior of a Periodic Diffusion System
Li Songsong; Hui Xiaofeng
2010-01-01
Abstract We study the asymptotic behavior of the nonnegative solutions of a periodic reaction diffusion system. By obtaining a priori upper bound of the nonnegative periodic solutions of the corresponding periodic diffusion system, we establish the existence of the maximum periodic solution and the asymptotic boundedness of the nonnegative solutions of the initial boundary value problem.
Park, Kwang-Kyu; Kim, Sunghan; Khim, Boo-Keun; Xiao, Wenshen; Wang, Rujian
2014-05-01
Late Quaternary deep marine sediments in the Arctic Ocean are characterized by brown layers intercalated with yellowish to olive gray layers (Poore et al., 1999; Polyak et al., 2004). Previous studies reported that the brown and gray layers were deposited during interglacial (or interstadial) and glacial (or stadial) periods, respectively. A 5.5-m long gravity core MA01 was obtained from the Mendeleev Ridge in the western Arctic Ocean by R/V Xue Long during scientific cruise CHINARE-V. Age (~450 ka) of core MA01 was tentatively estimated by correlation of brown layers with an adjacent core HLY0503-8JPC (Adler et al., 2009). A total of 22 brown layers characterized by low L* and b*, high Mn concentration, and abundant foraminifera were identified. Corresponding gray layers are characterized by high L* and b*, low Mn concentration, and few foraminiferal tests. Foraminifera abundance peaks are not well correlated to CaCO3 peaks which occurred with the coarse-grained (>0.063 mm) fractions (i.e., IRD) both in brown and gray layers. IRDs are transported presumably by sea ice for the deposition of brown layers and by iceberg for the deposition of gray layers (Polyak et al., 2004). A strong correlation coefficient (r2=0.89) between TOC content and C/N ratio indicates that the major source of organic matter is terrestrial. The good correlations of CaCO3 content to TOC (r2=0.56) and C/N ratio (r2=0.69) imply that IRDs contain detrital CaCO3 which mainly originated from the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. In addition, high kaolinite/chlorite (K/C) ratios mostly correspond to CaCO3 peaks, which suggests that the fine-grained particles in the Mendeleev Ridge are transported from the north coast Alaska and Canada where Mesozoic and Cenozoic strata are widely distributed. Thus, the Beaufort Gyre, the predominant surface current in the western Arctic Ocean, played an important role in the sediment delivery to the Mendeleev Ridge. It is worthy of note that the TOC and CaCO3 peaks are obviously distinct in the upper part of core MA01, whereas these peaks are reduced in the lower part of the core. More study on these contrasting features is in progress. References Adler, R.E., Polyak, L., Ortiz, J.D., Kaufman, D.S., Channell, J.E.T., Xuan, C., Grottoli, A.G., Sellén, E., and Crawford, K.A., 2009. Global and Planetary Change 68(1-2), 18-29. Polyak, L., Curry, W.B., Darby, D.A., Bischof, J., and Cronin, T.M., 2004. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 203, 73-93. Poore, R., Osterman, L., Curry, W., and Phillips, R., 1999. Geology 27, 759-762.
The Periodic Response of Periodically Perturbated Stochastic Systems
Shahverdian, A. Yu.; Apkarian, A. V.
2000-01-01
The paper introduces a new numerical characteristic of one dimensional stochastic systems. This quantity is a measure of minimal periodicity, can be detected in the process deep differential structure. The claim is that this new measure of stochasticity is also a well adapted characteristic for research of stochastic resonance phenomena.
QM/MM description of periodic systems
Doll, K
2015-01-01
A QM/MM implementation for periodic systems is reported. This is done for the case of molecules and for systems with two and three-dimensional periodicity, which is suitable to model electrolytes in contact with electrodes. Tests on different water-containing systems, ranging from the water dimer up to liquid water indicate the correctness of the scheme. Furthermore, molecular dynamics simulations are performed, as a possible direction to study realistic systems.
Long Periodic Terms in the Solar System
Bretagnon, P.
1982-01-01
The long period variations of the first eight planets in the solar system are studied. First, the Lagrangian solution is calculated and then the long period terms with fourth order eccentricities and inclinations are introduced into the perturbation function. A second approximation was made taking into account the short period terms' contribution, namely the perturbations of first order with respect to the masses. Special attention was paid to the determination of the integration constants. The relative importance of the different contributions is shown. It is useless, for example, to introduce the long period terms of fifth order if no account has been taken of the short period terms. Meanwhile, the terms that have been neglected would not introduce large changes in the integration constants. Even so, the calculation should be repeated with higher order short period terms and fifth order long periods.
Random Periodic Solutions of Random Dynamical Systems
Zhao, Huaizhong; Zheng, Zuo-Huan
2015-01-01
In this paper, we give the definition of the random periodic solutions of random dynamical systems. We prove the existence of such periodic solutions for a $C^1$ perfect cocycle on a cylinder using a random invariant set, the Lyapunov exponents and the pullback of the cocycle.
Phase splitting for periodic Lie systems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Flores-Espinoza, R; Vorobiev, Yu M [Departamento de Matematicas, Universidad de Sonora (Mexico); De Lucas, J, E-mail: rflorese@gauss.mat.uson.m, E-mail: delucas@impan.gov.p, E-mail: yurimv@guaymas.uson.m [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Universidad de Zaragoza (Spain)
2010-05-21
In the context of the Floquet theory, using a variation of parameter argument, we show that the logarithm of the monodromy of a real periodic Lie system with appropriate properties admits a splitting into two parts called dynamic and geometric phases. The dynamic phase is intrinsic and linked to the Hamiltonian of a periodic linear Euler system on the co-algebra. The geometric phase is represented as a surface integral of the symplectic form of a co-adjoint orbit.
The design of periodic beam transport systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Periodic beam-transport systems have several advantages including insensitivity to errors, minimum magnet apertures, and use of standardized components. A simple procedure is given for the design of modules, with and without bending magnets, that have the same matched beam properties. These modules can be combined in certain ways to produce systems that are achromatic and require a minimum number of matching elements
Localized states in periodically forced systems.
Gandhi, Punit; Knobloch, Edgar; Beaume, Cédric
2015-01-23
The theory of stationary spatially localized patterns in dissipative systems driven by time-independent forcing is well developed. With time-periodic forcing, related but time-dependent structures may result. These may consist of breathing localized patterns, or states that grow for part of the cycle via nucleation of new wavelengths of the pattern followed by wavelength annihilation during the remainder of the cycle. These two competing processes lead to a complex phase diagram whose structure is a consequence of a series of resonances between the nucleation time and the forcing period. The resulting diagram is computed for the periodically forced quadratic-cubic Swift-Hohenberg equation, and its details are interpreted in terms of the properties of the depinning transition for the fronts bounding the localized state on either side. The results are expected to shed light on localized states in a large variety of periodically driven systems. PMID:25659000
Fitting of local densities in periodic systems
Maschio, Lorenzo
2008-01-01
We present a formalism for density fitting, a widely used method in molecular context, to approximate the electron repulsion integrals between local densities in periodic systems. An efficient treatment is achieved through a separation of the fitting into a reciprocal space part, done with an extended, but momentless fitting basis set, and a direct space part with a small, local set of usual Gaussian-type orbitals. This approach can be applied to periodic Hartree-Fock, Kohn-Sham, post-Hartree...
Periodic thermodynamics of isolated quantum systems.
Lazarides, Achilleas; Das, Arnab; Moessner, Roderich
2014-04-18
The nature of the behavior of an isolated many-body quantum system periodically driven in time has been an open question since the beginning of quantum mechanics. After an initial transient period, such a system is known to synchronize with the driving; in contrast to the nondriven case, no fundamental principle has been proposed for constructing the resulting nonequilibrium state. Here, we analytically show that, for a class of integrable systems, the relevant ensemble is constructed by maximizing an appropriately defined entropy subject to constraints, which we explicitly identify. This result constitutes a generalization of the concepts of equilibrium statistical mechanics to a class of far-from-equilibrium systems, up to now mainly accessible using ad hoc methods. PMID:24785013
Relative periodic orbits in point vortex systems
Laurent-Polz, Frederic
2004-01-01
We give a method to determine relative periodic orbits in point vortex systems: it consists mainly into perform a symplectic reduction on a fixed point submanifold in order to obtain a two-dimensional reduced phase space. The method is applied to point vortices systems on a sphere and on the plane, but works for other surfaces with isotropy (cylinder, ellipsoid, ...). The method permits also to determine some relative equilibria and heteroclinic cycles connecting these relat...
Scaling Concepts in Periodically Modulated Noisy Systems
Vilar, J. M. G. (José M. G.), 1972-; Rubí, J. M.
1997-01-01
We show that scaling arguments are very useful to analyze the dynamics of periodically modulated noisy systems. Information about the behavior of the relevant quantities, such as the signal-to-noise ratio, upon variations of the noise level, can be obtained by analyzing the symmetries and invariances of the system. In this way, it is possible to predict diverse physical manifestations of the cooperative behavior between noise and input signal, as for instance stochastic reso...
Clustering of periodic orbits in chaotic systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In the framework of the semiclassical approach, the universal spectral correlations in Hamiltonian systems with classical chaotic dynamics can be attributed to the systematic correlations between the actions of periodic orbits which (up to the switch in the momentum direction) pass through approximately the same points of the phase space. By considering symbolic dynamics of the system one can introduce a natural ultrametric distance between periodic orbits and organize them into clusters of orbits approaching each other in the phase space. We study the distribution of cluster sizes for the baker's map in the asymptotic limit of long trajectories. This problem is equivalent to the one of counting degeneracies in the length spectrum of the de Bruijn graphs. Based on this fact, we derive the probability Pk that k randomly chosen periodic orbits belong to the same cluster. Furthermore, we find asymptotic behaviour of the largest cluster size |Cmax| and derive the probability P(t) that a random periodic orbit belongs to a cluster smaller than t|Cmax|, t ? [0, 1]. (paper)
Effective imaging systems based on periodic lattices
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gennarelli, Gianluca, E-mail: gennarelli.g@irea.cnr.it; Soldovieri, Francesco [Institute for Electromagnetic Sensing of the Environment, National Research Council of Italy, Via Diocleziano 328, 80124 Napoli (Italy); Persico, Raffaele [Institute for Archaeological and Monumental Heritage, National Research Council of Italy, Via Monteroni, Campus Universitario, 73100 Lecce (Italy)
2014-05-12
A crucial question in imaging problems from diffracted wavefields is the evaluation of the information content of data and the related reconstruction performance in terms of spatial resolution. It is well-known that full-view tomographic reconstructions are characterized by resolution limits of the order of one half propagated wavelength. These limits are further deteriorated when a truncated measurement domain is exploited for the imaging. In this Letter, we show that when the imaging system comprises a periodic layer located between a linear array of probes and the investigated domain, the resolution limits are substantially improved compared to the case of a homogenous scenario. This intriguing result is a consequence of the multiscattering effects arising from the periodicity of the structure. The study provides physical insight supported by mathematical arguments paving the way to the development of effective imaging systems requiring few radiating elements.
Dynamical studies of periodic and disordered systems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kopidakis, G.
1995-11-01
The time evolution of two classes of systems is studied with real time molecular dynamics simulations. The first consists of a coupled electron-lattice system. For a periodic system, we present results for the time evolution of a one-dimensional system consisting of an electron, described by a tight-binding Hamiltonian, and a harmonic lattice, coupled by a deformation-type potential. We solve numerically the nonlinear system of equations of motion for this model in order to study the effects of varying the electronic effective mass for several initial conditions and coupling strengths. A large effective mass favors localized polaron formation for initially localized electrons. For initially extended electronic states, increasing the effective mass of an electron initially close to the bottom of the band makes localization more difficult, while for an initially highly excited electronlocalized polaron formation is possible only when the electronic effective mass and the atomic masses of the lattice become of the same order.
Poissonian noise assisted transport in periodic systems
Spiechowicz, J.; ?uczka, J.
2015-10-01
We revisit the problem of transport of a harmonically driven inertial particle moving in a symmetric periodic potential, subjected to unbiased non-equilibrium generalized white Poissonian noise and coupled to a thermal bath. Statistical asymmetry of Poissonian noise is sufficient to induce transport and under the presence of external harmonic driving this system exhibits a phenomenon of multiple velocity reversals. Consequently, one can manipulate the direction of transport by simply adjusting the parameters of externally applied forces.
Periodic Solutions for Highly Nonlinear Oscillation Systems
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ghadimi, M; Barari, Amin
2012-01-01
In this paper, Frequency-Amplitude Formulation is used to analyze the periodic behavior of tapered beam as well as two complex nonlinear systems. Many engineering structures, such as offshore foundations, oil platform supports, tower structures and moving arms, are modeled as tapered beams. The results obtained are compared with Variational Iteration Method (VIM) and other analytical methods as well as time marching solution. The results given show the effectiveness and accuracy of the proposed techniques.
Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)
Helena S. A., Leite; Paulo A., Porto.
2015-05-01
Full Text Available [...] Abstract in english The aim of this paper was to analyze the historical approaches to the periodic table in general chemistry textbooks used in Brazilian universities in the twentieth century. Textbooks were qualitatively analyzed according to the following criteria: position of the discussion about the periodic table [...] in the book; presence or absence of a specific chapter on the subject; presentation of attempts to classify chemical elements before Mendeleev; presentation of the construction process of the periodic table by Mendeleev; identification of problems in the original table; discussion of Mendeleev's predictions about unknown elements; organization of the periodic table; periodic properties presented and discussed; and the enunciation of the periodic law. The analysis revealed different approaches at specific periods of the twentieth century, from more descriptive approaches to emphasis on attempts to explain the periodic table in terms of atomic orbitals. These changes point to different ways of understanding chemistry during the period studied.
Bounded and Periodic Solutions of Semilinear Impulsive Periodic System on Banach Spaces
Wei W; Chen Qian; Wang JinRong; Xiang X
2008-01-01
Abstract A class of semilinear impulsive periodic system on Banach spaces is considered. First, we introduce the -periodic PC-mild solution of semilinear impulsive periodic system. By virtue of Gronwall lemma with impulse, the estimate on the PC-mild solutions is derived. The continuity and compactness of the new constructed Poincaré operator determined by impulsive evolution operator corresponding to homogenous linear impulsive periodic system are shown. This allows us to apply Horn's ...
On periodic orbits in discrete-time cascade systems
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xiao-Song Yang
2006-12-01
Full Text Available We present some results on existence, minimum period, number of periodic orbits, and stability of periodic orbits in discrete-time cascade systems. Some examples are presented to illustrate these results.
Periodic solutions of a forced system with hysteresis.
Drew, J. H.
1972-01-01
Hysteresis damping arising in an oscillatory system due to the phenomenon of slip damping analyzed by Goodman and Klumpp (1956) is considered. An idealized physical model is proposed, and the existence of certain periodic motions is investigated in a system with small forcing which are near the largest periodic motion in a corresponding unforced system. Periodic solutions of the forced system are obtained.-
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mario Tolentino
1997-02-01
Full Text Available A history of the periodic table of the elements is presented, from the first tentative classifications, passing through Meyer and Mendeleev, up to recent speculations on super-heavy elements still to be synthesized. Many of the discussions and discoveries related to chemical elements and their proper periodic classification are also presented.
Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)
Mario, Tolentino; Romeu C., Rocha-Filho; Aécio Pereira, Chagas.
1997-02-01
Full Text Available [...] Abstract in english A history of the periodic table of the elements is presented, from the first tentative classifications, passing through Meyer and Mendeleev, up to recent speculations on super-heavy elements still to be synthesized. Many of the discussions and discoveries related to chemical elements and their prope [...] r periodic classification are also presented.
Periodic Table of the Elements in the Perspective of Artificial Neural Networks
Lemes, Mauricio R.; Dal Pino, Arnaldo
2011-01-01
Although several chemical elements were not known by end of the 19th century, Mendeleev came up with an astonishing achievement, the periodic table of elements. He was not only able to predict the existence of (then) new elements, but also to provide accurate estimates of their chemical and physical properties. This is a profound example of the…
Dynamical system theory of periodically collapsing bubbles
V.I. Yukalov; Yukalova, E. P.; SORNETTE, D
2015-01-01
We propose a reduced form set of two coupled continuous time equations linking the price of a representative asset and the price of a bond, the later quantifying the cost of borrowing. The feedbacks between asset prices and bonds are mediated by the dependence of their "fundamental values" on past asset prices and bond themselves. The obtained nonlinear self-referencing price dynamics can induce, in a completely objective deterministic way, the appearance of periodically exp...
Dynamical system theory of periodically collapsing bubbles
Yukalov, V. I.; Yukalova, E. P.; Sornette, D.
2015-07-01
We propose a reduced form set of two coupled continuous time equations linking the price of a representative asset and the price of a bond, the later quantifying the cost of borrowing. The feedbacks between asset prices and bonds are mediated by the dependence of their "fundamental values" on past asset prices and bond themselves. The obtained nonlinear self-referencing price dynamics can induce, in a completely objective deterministic way, the appearance of periodically exploding bubbles ending in crashes. Technically, the periodically explosive bubbles arise due to the proximity of two types of bifurcations as a function of the two key control parameters b and g, which represent, respectively, the sensitivity of the fundamental asset price on past asset and bond prices and of the fundamental bond price on past asset prices. One is a Hopf bifurcation, when a stable focus transforms into an unstable focus and a limit cycle appears. The other is a rather unusual bifurcation, when a stable node and a saddle merge together and disappear, while an unstable focus survives and a limit cycle develops. The lines, where the periodic bubbles arise, are analogous to the critical lines of phase transitions in statistical physics. The amplitude of bubbles and waiting times between them respectively diverge with the critical exponents ? = 1 and ? = 1/2, as the critical lines are approached.
Dynamical system theory of periodically collapsing bubbles
Yukalov, V I; Sornette, D
2015-01-01
We propose a reduced form set of two coupled continuous time equations linking the price of a representative asset and the price of a bond, the later quantifying the cost of borrowing. The feedbacks between asset prices and bonds are mediated by the dependence of their "fundamental values" on past asset prices and bond themselves. The obtained nonlinear self-referencing price dynamics can induce, in a completely objective deterministic way, the appearance of periodically exploding bubbles ending in crashes. Technically, the periodically explosive bubbles arise due to the proximity of two types of bifurcations as a function of the two key control parameters $b$ and $g$, which represent, respectively, the sensitivity of the fundamental asset price on past asset and bond prices and of the fundamental bond price on past asset prices. One is a Hopf bifurcation, when a stable focus transforms into an unstable focus and a limit cycle appears. The other is a rather unusual bifurcation, when a stable node and a saddle...
Implicit numerical integration for periodic solutions of autonomous nonlinear systems
Thurston, G. A.
1982-01-01
A change of variables that stabilizes numerical computations for periodic solutions of autonomous systems is derived. Computation of the period is decoupled from the rest of the problem for conservative systems of any order and for any second-order system. Numerical results are included for a second-order conservative system under a suddenly applied constant load. Near the critical load for the system, a small increment in load amplitude results in a large increase in amplitude of the response.
Effective Hamiltonian approach to periodically perturbed quantum optical systems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sainz, I. [Centro Universitario de los Lagos, Universidad de Guadalajara, Enrique Diaz de Leon, 47460 Lagos de Moreno, Jal. (Mexico)]. E-mail: isa@culagos.udg.mx; Klimov, A.B. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Guadalajara, Revolucion 1500, 44410 Guadalajara, Jal. (Mexico)]. E-mail: klimov@cencar.udg.mx; Saavedra, C. [Center for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information, Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Concepcion, Casilla 160-C, Concepcion (Chile)]. E-mail: csaaved@udec.cl
2006-02-20
We apply the method of Lie-type transformations to Floquet Hamiltonians for periodically perturbed quantum systems. Some typical examples of driven quantum systems are considered in the framework of this approach and corresponding effective time dependent Hamiltonians are found.
Effective Hamiltonian approach to periodically perturbed quantum optical systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We apply the method of Lie-type transformations to Floquet Hamiltonians for periodically perturbed quantum systems. Some typical examples of driven quantum systems are considered in the framework of this approach and corresponding effective time dependent Hamiltonians are found
Periodic Behaviors in Constrained Multi-agent Systems
Yang, Tao; Meng, Ziyang; Dimarogonas, Dimos V.; Johansson, Karl H.
2014-01-01
In this paper, we provide two discrete-time multi-agent models which generate periodic behaviors. The first one is a multi-agent system of identical double integrators with input saturation constraints, while the other one is a multi-agent system of identical neutrally stable system with input saturation constraints. In each case, we show that if the feedback gain parameters of the local controller satisfy a certain condition, the multi-agent system exhibits a periodic solut...
An index defined by focal points for periodic hamiltonians systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Associated to an n-dimensional linear Hamiltonian system a real number ? is defined as the mean number of focal points per unit of time. For general one parameter families of Hamiltonian systems with periodic coefficients the existence and the continuity of ? can be proved. Moreover, if the periodic system is hyperbolic, ? is associated to an integer. These results are extentions of Poincare's Study of Manpertuis' focal points. (Author)
Optimum time between periodic test and maintenance for redundant systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A model for analysis of the optimum time between periodic test and maintenance for redundant systems is provided. Conditions when this optimum time exists are analyzed. The optimum time is based on safety considerations, maintenance and repair costs, or total operating costs. Time between periodic test and maintenance is of great significance for safety and cost of operation of redundant systems. If the time between periodic test and maintenance is too large, then deterioration of the equipment may reduce safety and increase economic risk due to potential forced outages. If the period of time between periodic test and maintenance is too short, then safety will be reduced again because of the increase of unavailability due to frequent scheduled outages. Operating costs will also increase. In this paper the mathematical model for optimizing the time between periodic test and maintenance from the standpoint of safety and operational costs is developed
Periodic solutions of nonautonomous differential systems modeling obesity population
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Arenas, Abraham J. [Departamento de Matematicas y Estadistica, Universidad de Cordoba Monteria (Colombia)], E-mail: aarenas@sinu.unicordoba.edu.co; Gonzalez-Parra, Gilberto [Departamento de Calculo, Universidad de los Andes, Merida (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of)], E-mail: gcarlos@ula.ve; Jodar, Lucas [Instituto de Matematica Multidisciplinar, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia Edificio 8G, 2o, 46022 Valencia (Spain)], E-mail: ljodar@imm.upv.es
2009-10-30
In this paper we study the periodic behaviour of the solutions of a nonautonomous model for obesity population. The mathematical model represented by a nonautonomous system of nonlinear ordinary differential equations is used to model the dynamics of obese populations. Numerical simulations suggest periodic behaviour of subpopulations solutions. Sufficient conditions which guarantee the existence of a periodic positive solution are obtained using a continuation theorem based on coincidence degree theory.
Evidence of a multi resonant system within solar periodic activity
Vukcevic, M.A.
2004-01-01
To demonstrate a degree of correlation between periodicity in the solar activity and a multi-resonant system three examples are considered. Although only two base frequencies were employed a relatively close correlation was obtained for periodicity, amplitude's envelope and some well-known longer-term anomalies, by using a simple mathematical formula.
The periodic system of chemical elements: old and new developments
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Some historical facts about the construction of a periodic system of chemical elements are reviewed. The Madelung rule is used to generate an unusual format for the periodic table. Following the work of Byakov, Kulakov, Rumer and Fet, such a format is further refined on the basis of a chain of groups starting with SU(2)xS0(4.2)
Early warning signals of tipping points in periodically forced systems
Williamson, M. S.; Bathiany, S.; Lenton, T. M.
2015-11-01
The prospect of finding generic early warning signals of an approaching tipping point in a complex system has generated much recent interest. Existing methods are predicated on a separation of timescales between the system studied and its forcing. However, many systems, including several candidate tipping elements in the climate system, are forced periodically at a timescale comparable to their internal dynamics. Here we find alternative early warning signals of tipping points due to local bifurcations in systems subjected to periodic forcing whose time scale is similar to the period of the forcing. These systems are not in, or close to, a fixed point. Instead their steady state is described by a periodic attractor. We show that the phase lag and amplification of the system response provide early warning signals, based on a linear dynamics approximation. Furthermore, the power spectrum of the system's time series reveals the generation of harmonics of the forcing period, the size of which are proportional to how nonlinear the system's response is becoming with nonlinear effects becoming more prominent closer to a bifurcation. We apply these indicators to a simple conceptual system and satellite observations of Arctic sea ice area, the latter conjectured to have a bifurcation type tipping point. We find no detectable signal of the Arctic sea ice approaching a local bifurcation.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The part of free neutral atoms N0 of all elements being contained in protoplanet cloud is estimated with regard to their abundance and physicochemical properties. Linear dependence of ratio of volatile and nonvolatile elements in chondrites and in eruptive Earth rocks on N0 is obtained. Ratios of concentrations of element-analogs with different N0 in substances of Venus, Earth, Mars and chondrites are compared. Obtained data are an evidence that hypothetical process of magnetic separation in protoplanet cloud has been taken place
Periodic Solutions for a Discrete Mutual System with Delays
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
CHEN Da-xue
2012-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper, a discrete-time mutual system * is considered. By using coincidence degree and the related continuation the orem as well as prior estimates, easily sufficient conditions for the existence of positive periodic solutions are obtained,* if the following conditi * hold, then system has at least an w periodic solution. Our results are important complement to earlier results in the literature.(* Indicates a formula, please see the full text
Lei, Ling
2009-01-01
This work studies the stabilization for a periodic parabolic system under perturbations in the system conductivity. A perturbed system does not have any periodic solution in general. However, we will prove that the perturbed system can always be pulled back to a periodic system after imposing a control from a fixed finite dimensional subspace.
Perturbative solution of Vlasov equation for periodically driven systems
Shah, Kushal
2015-01-01
Statistical systems with time-periodic spatially non-uniform forces are of immense importance in several areas of physics. In this paper, we provide an analytical expression of the time-periodic probability distribution function of particles in such a system by perturbatively solving the 1D Vlasov equation in the limit of high frequency and slow spatial variation of the time-periodic force. We find that the time-averaged distribution function and density cannot be written simply in terms of an effective potential, also known as the fictitious ponderomotive potential. We also find that the temperature of such systems is spatially non-uniform leading to a non-equilibrium steady state which can further lead to a complex statistical time evolution of the system. Finally, we outline a method by which one can use these analytical solutions of the Vlasov equation to obtain numerical solutions of the self-consistent Vlasov-Poisson equations for such systems.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Extraction of transition metal ions of the 4th period of Periodic system by carboxylic acids in sulfate systems was studied. It is shown that depending on composition and physicochemical properties of aqueous phase (pH, the type of metal ion, its complexing properties etc.) the solvent extraction may proceed according to two mechanisms: cation-exchange or hydration-solvation. The extraction is more effective in the field of cation-exchange mechanism
Phase control of resonant systems: Interference, chaos and high periodicity
Greenman, J.V.; Pasour, V.B.
2011-01-01
Abstract Much progress has been made in understanding the effect of periodic forcing on epidemiological and ecological systems when that forcing acts on just one part of the system. Much less is known about situations in which several parts of the system are affected. In this case the interaction between the impacts of the different forcing components can lead to reinforcement of system responses or to their interference. This interference phenomenon is significant if some forcing ...
Optimal periodic orbits of continuous time chaotic systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In previous work [B. R. Hunt and E. Ott, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2254 (1996); Phys. Rev. E 54, 328, (1996)], based on numerical experiments and analysis, it was conjectured that the optimal orbit selected from all possible orbits on a chaotic attractor is ''typically'' a periodic orbit of low period. By an optimal orbit we mean the orbit that yields the largest value of a time average of a given smooth ''performance'' function of the system state. Thus optimality is defined with respect to the given performance function. (The study of optimal orbits is of interest in at least three contexts: controlling chaos, embedding of low-dimensional attractors of high-dimensional dynamical systems in low-dimensional measurement spaces, and bubbling bifurcations of synchronized chaotic systems.) Here we extend this previous work. In particular, the previous work was for discrete time dynamical systems, and here we shall consider continuous time systems (flows). An essential difference for flows is that chaotic attractors can have embedded within them, not only unstable periodic orbits, but also unstable steady states, and we find that optimality can often occur on steady states. We also shed further light on the sense in which optimality is ''typically'' achieved at low period. In particular, we find that, as a system parameter is tuned to be closer to a crisis of the chaotic attractor, optimality may occur at higher period. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society
On the complete ionization of a periodically perturbed quantum system
Costin, O; Rokhlenko, A
2000-01-01
We analyze the time evolution of a one-dimensional quantum system with zerorange potential under time periodic parametric perturbation of arbitrarystrength and frequency. We show that the projection of the wave function on thebound state vanishes, i.e. the system gets fully ionized, as time growsindefinitely.
Stabilization for a Periodic Predator-Prey System
Carmen Oana Tarniceriu; Sebastian Ani?a
2007-01-01
Ã¯Â»Â¿A reaction-diffusion system modelling a predator-prey system in a periodic environment is considered. We are concerned in stabilization to zero of one of the components of the solution, via an internal control acting on a small subdomain, and in the preservation of the nonnegativity of both components.
A nondestructive characterization system of periodically poled crystals
Chen, Huaixi; Zhou, Huang; Chen, Liyuan; Zou, Xiaolin; Miao, Long; Feng, Xinkai; Li, Guangwei; Liang, Wanguo
2015-08-01
Periodically poled crystals are widely used as SHG, DFG, SFG, OPO and THz generation, and there is a broad application prospect in some areas such as the laser display, optical fiber communication, atmospheric exploration and military confrontation. At present, to get the parameters of periodically poled crystals, like duty ratio, the main method is chemical etching of the samples. In this paper, we present a nondestructive characterization system of periodically poled crystals. When we apply a proper high voltage on both sides of the periodically poled crystal, the refractive index difference of positive and negative domain will be increased and we can observe a clear domain pattern by the a microscope so as to obtain general information. Then a single frequency laser is prepared to radiate on +z surface of the periodically poled crystal, we can get some orders of diffraction according to diffraction optics principle. Finally, we can measure the parameters such as period, duty ratio by use of numerical analysis. The testing sample size of this system can be up to 60mm, The accuracy of the testing period can be 0.1?m, and the measurement range of duty ratio is 20%-50%.
Direct energy recovery system using periodic focusing without grids
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Results from a computational study of the efficiency of a direct energy recovery system are presented. This system is similar to R.F. Post's original (gridless) periodic-focus system. However, the computer code used here allows more flexibility than that used by Post. His code requires analytic expressions for the potentials; this code requires only the values of potential on the boundaries. Consequently, the code can be applied to systems where analytic expressions have not been written for the potential. The incident beam used in this study had an average thickness of 0.42 m (as might be expected in an ideal reactor situation) and a maximum divergence angle of +-3.30. Each of the systems tested, when operating at optimum efficiency, recovered 80 percent of the energy, as compared to 91 percent for Post's gridded periodic system
Development of Seismic Isolation Systems Using Periodic Materials
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Yan, Yiqun [Univ. of Houston, Houston, TX (United States); Mo, Yi-Lung [Univ. of Houston, Houston, TX (United States); Menq, Farn-Yuh [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States); Stokoe, II, Kenneth H. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States); Perkins, Judy [Prairie View A & M University, Prairie View, TX (United States); Tang, Yu [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
2014-12-10
Advanced fast nuclear power plants and small modular fast reactors are composed of thin-walled structures such as pipes; as a result, they do not have sufficient inherent strength to resist seismic loads. Seismic isolation, therefore, is an effective solution for mitigating earthquake hazards for these types of structures. Base isolation, on which numerous studies have been conducted, is a well-defined structure protection system against earthquakes. In conventional isolators, such as high-damping rubber bearings, lead-rubber bearings, and friction pendulum bearings, large relative displacements occur between upper structures and foundations. Only isolation in a horizontal direction is provided; these features are not desirable for the piping systems. The concept of periodic materials, based on the theory of solid-state physics, can be applied to earthquake engineering. The periodic material is a material that possesses distinct characteristics that prevent waves with certain frequencies from being transmitted through it; therefore, this material can be used in structural foundations to block unwanted seismic waves with certain frequencies. The frequency band of periodic material that can filter out waves is called the band gap, and the structural foundation made of periodic material is referred to as the periodic foundation. The design of a nuclear power plant, therefore, can be unified around the desirable feature of a periodic foundation, while the continuous maintenance of the structure is not needed. In this research project, three different types of periodic foundations were studied: one-dimensional, two-dimensional, and three-dimensional. The basic theories of periodic foundations are introduced first to find the band gaps; then the finite element methods are used, to perform parametric analysis, and obtain attenuation zones; finally, experimental programs are conducted, and the test data are analyzed to verify the theory. This procedure shows that the periodic foundation is a promising and effective way to mitigate structural damage caused by earthquake excitation.
Phase control of resonant systems: interference, chaos and high periodicity.
Greenman, J V; Pasour, V B
2011-06-01
Much progress has been made in understanding the effect of periodic forcing on epidemiological and ecological systems when that forcing acts on just one part of the system. Much less is known about situations in which several parts of the system are affected. In this case the interaction between the impacts of the different forcing components can lead to reinforcement of system responses or to their interference. This interference phenomenon is significant if some forcing components are anthropogenic for then management might be able to exercise sufficient control to bring about suppression of undesirable aspects of the forcing, for example resonant amplification and the problems this can cause. We set out the algebraic theory when forcing is weak and illustrate by example what can happen when forcing is strong enough to create subharmonics and chaotic states. Phase is the key control variable that can bring about interference, advantageously shift nonlinear response curves and create periodic states out of chaos. The phenomenon in which high period fluctuations appear to be generated by low period forcing is examined and different mechanisms compared in a two-strain epidemiological model. The effect of noise as a source of high period fluctuations is also considered. PMID:21397609
General approach for dealing with dynamical systems with spatiotemporal periodicities.
Casado-Pascual, Jesús; Cuesta, José A; Quintero, Niurka R; Alvarez-Nodarse, Renato
2015-02-01
Dynamical systems often contain oscillatory forces or depend on periodic potentials. Time or space periodicity is reflected in the properties of these systems through a dependence on the parameters of their periodic terms. In this paper we provide a general theoretical framework for dealing with these kinds of systems, regardless of whether they are classical or quantum, stochastic or deterministic, dissipative or nondissipative, linear or nonlinear, etc. In particular, we are able to show that simple symmetry considerations determine, to a large extent, how their properties depend functionally on some of the parameters of the periodic terms. For the sake of illustration, we apply this formalism to find the functional dependence of the expectation value of the momentum of a Bose-Einstein condensate, described by the Gross-Pitaewskii equation, when it is exposed to a sawtooth potential whose amplitude is periodically modulated in time. We show that, by using this formalism, a small set of measurements is enough to obtain the functional form for a wide range of parameters. This can be very helpful when characterizing experimentally the response of systems for which performing measurements is costly or difficult. PMID:25768567
Continuation of periodic orbits in symmetric Hamiltonian and conservative systems
Galan-Vioque, J.; Almaraz, F. J. M.; Macías, E. F.
2014-12-01
We present and review results on the continuation and bifurcation of periodic solutions in conservative, reversible and Hamiltonian systems in the presence of symmetries. In particular we show how two-point boundary value problem continuation software can be used to compute families of periodic solutions of symmetric Hamiltonian systems. The technique is introduced with a very simple model example (the mathematical pendulum), justified with a theoretical continuation result and then applied to two non trivial examples: the non integrable spring pendulum and the continuation of the figure eight solution of the three body problem.
Real numbers having ultimately periodic representations in abstract numeration systems
Lecomte, P
2002-01-01
Using a genealogically ordered infinite regular language, we know how to represent an interval of R. Numbers having an ultimately periodic representation play a special role in classical numeration systems. The aim of this paper is to characterize the numbers having an ultimately periodic representation in generalized systems built on a regular language. The syntactical properties of these words are also investigated. Finally, we show the equivalence of the classical "theta"-expansions with our generalized representations in some special case related to a Pisot number "theta".
Conditions for high resistance to starvation periods in bioelectrochemical systems.
Ruiz, Yolanda; Ribot-Llobet, Edgar; Baeza, Juan Antonio; Guisasola, Albert
2015-12-01
The present work aims at understanding the performance of bioelectrochemical systems when subjected to different starvation periods, which is very relevant in view of their industrial application or use as biosensor. The results show that both microbial fuel cells (MFC) and microbial electrolysis cells (MEC) could resist starvation periods up to 10-11days without any significant decrease in their performance when endogenous consumption was enabled by closing the circuit in MFC or applying an external voltage in MEC. By contrast, starvation periods longer than 5days in both MFC and MEC when the flow of electrons from the anode to the cathode was not permitted thereby avoiding endogenous consumption, led to a reversible decrease in the cells performance. A longer starvation period of 21-days under open-circuit caused an irreversible performance loss of the MFC. PMID:26163745
Periodic inspection for safety of CANDU heat transport piping systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Periodic inspection of heat transport and emergency core cooling piping systems is intended to maintain an adequate level of safety throughout the life of the plant, and to protect plant personnel and the public from the consequences of a failure and release of fission products. This report outlines a rational approach to the periodic inspection based on a fully probabilistic model. It demonstrates the methodology based on theoretical treatment and experimental data whereby the strength of a pressurized pipe or vessel containing a defect could be evaluated. It also shows how the extension of the defect at various lifetimes could be predicted. These relationships are prerequisite for the probabilistic formulation and analysis for the periodic inspection of piping systems
Electrostatics of solvated systems in periodic boundary conditions
Andreussi, Oliviero
2014-01-01
Continuum solvation methods can provide an accurate and inexpensive embedding of quantum simulations in liquid or complex dielectric environments. Notwithstanding a long history and manifold applications to isolated systems in open boundary conditions, their extension to materials simulations --- typically entailing periodic-boundary conditions --- is very recent, and special care is needed to address correctly the electrostatic terms. We discuss here how periodic-boundary corrections developed for systems in vacuum should be modified to take into account solvent effects, using as a general framework the self-consistent continuum solvation model developed within plane-wave density-functional theory [O. Andreussi et al. J. Chem. Phys. 136, 064102 (2012)]. A comprehensive discussion of real-space and reciprocal-space corrective approaches is presented, together with an assessment of their ability to remove electrostatic interactions between periodic replicas. Numerical results for zero-dimensional and two-dimen...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Khazan A.
2011-01-01
Full Text Available In the earlier study (Khazan A. Upper Limit in Mendeleev's Periodic Table - Element No.155. 2nd ed., Svenska fysikarkivet, Stockholm, 2010 the author showed how Rhodium can be applied to the hyperbolic law of the Periodic Table of Elements in order to calculate, with high precision, all other elements conceivable in the Table. Here we obtain the same result, with use of fraction linear functions (adjacent hyperbolas.
Periodic wavetrains for systems of coupled nonlinear Schrödinger equations
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Kwok W Chow; Derek W C Lal
2001-11-01
Exact, periodic wavetrains for systems of coupled nonlinear Schrödinger equations are obtained by the Hirota bilinear method and theta functions identities. Both the bright and dark soliton regimes are treated, and the solutions involve products of elliptic functions. The validity of these solutions is veri?ed independently by a computer algebra software. The long wave limit is studied. Physical implications will be assessed.
Exploration of economic systems in the transition period
Albu, Lucian-Liviu
1993-01-01
The collapse of former communist regime in Central and Eastern Europe opened the transition period from centrally planned to market oriented economies. Thus, the exploration of economic systems in the special situation of transition has become an interesting research topic. The exposition plan includes: 1) General Remarks; 2) Theoretical and Empirical Premises; 3) Econometric Approach; 4) Proposals for Subsequent Research.
Almost periodic solutions to systems of parabolic equations
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Janpou Nee
1994-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper we show that the second-order differential solution is 𝕃2-almost periodic, provided it is 𝕃2-bounded, and the growth of the components of a non-linear function of a system of parabolic equation is bounded by any pair of con-secutive eigenvalues of the associated Dirichlet boundary value problems.
Existence of periodic solutions for nonlinear Lienard systems
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Wan Se Kim
1995-06-01
Full Text Available We prove the existence and multiplicity of periodic solutions for nonlinear Lienard System of the type xÃ¢Â€Â³(t+ddt[Ã¢ÂˆÂ‡F(x(t]+g(x(t+h(t,x(t=e(t under various conditions upon the functions g, h and e.
On periodic solutions of two-dimensional nonautonomous differential systems.
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Kiguradze, I.; Mukhigulashvili, Sulkhan
2005-01-01
Ro?. 60, ?. 2 (2005), s. 241-256. ISSN 0362-546X Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10190503 Keywords : two-dimensional nonautonomous differential system * periodic solurion * existence and uniqueness theorem Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 0.519, year: 2005
Periodic solutions of a spring-pendulum system.
Broucke, R.; Baxa, P. A.
1973-01-01
A study has been made of a dynamical system composed of a pendulum and a harmonic oscillator, in order to show the remarkable resemblance with many classical celestial mechanics problems, in particular, the restricted three-body problem. It is shown that the well-known investigations of periodic orbits can be applied to the present dynamics problem.
Attractors in Frictional Systems Subjected to Periodic Loads
Andersson, Lars-Erik; Barber, J. R.; Ahn, Y-J
2013-01-01
This paper explores the effect of initial conditions on the behavior of coupled frictional elastic systems subject to periodic loading. Previously, it has been conjectured that the long term response will be independent of initial conditions if all nodes slip at least once during each loading cycle. Here, this conjecture is disproved in the context of a simple two-node system. Counter examples are presented of “unstable” steady-state orbits that repel orbits starting from initial conditions t...
Stability Analysis for Multi-Parameter Linear Periodic Systems
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Seyranian, A.P.; Solem, Frederik; Pedersen, Pauli
1999-01-01
This paper is devoted to stability analysis of general linear periodic systems depending on real parameters. The Floquet method and perturbation technique are the basis of the development. We start out with the first and higher-order derivatives of the Floquet matrix with respect to problem parameters. Then the behaviour of simple and multiple multipliers of the system with a change of parameters is studied. Weak and strong interactions of multipliers in the complex plane are treated separately....
Localization of periodic orbits of polynomial systems by ellipsoidal estimates
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Starkov, Konstantin E. [CITEDI-IPN, Avenue del Parque 1310, Mesa de Otay, Tijuana, BC (Mexico)]. E-mail: konst@citedi.mx; Krishchenko, Alexander P. [Bauman Moscow State Technical University, 2nd Baumanskaya Street, 5, Moscow 105005 (Russian Federation)]. E-mail: apkri@999.ru
2005-02-01
In this paper we study the localization problem of periodic orbits of multidimensional continuous-time systems in the global setting. Our results are based on the solution of the conditional extremum problem and using sign-definite quadratic and quartic forms. As examples, the Rikitake system and the Lamb's equations for a three-mode operating cavity in a laser are considered.
Periodic orbits for an infinite family of classical superintegrable systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We show that all bounded trajectories in the two-dimensional classical system with the potential V(r,?)=?2r2+(?k2)/(r2cos2k?)+(?k2)/(r2sin2k?) are closed for all integer and rational values of k. The period is T=?/2? and does not depend on k. This agrees with our earlier conjecture suggesting that the quantum version of this system is superintegrable.
Generalized H2 Control Synthesis for Periodic Systems
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Wisniewski, Rafal; Stoustrup, Jakob
2001-01-01
A control synthesis of periodic processes is addressed in this paper. A class of linear discrete time periodic systems with performance specified by the generalized $H_2$ operator norm, is considered. The paper proposes an LMI solution to this problem, the sufficient and necessary conditions for solvability of $H_2$ suboptimal control are stated. An algorithm for state feedback control synthesis is provided. The findings are applied for the attitude control of a satellite equipped with electro-magnetic coils, which comprises a very attractive means of attitude corrections for small low-cost spacecraft missions.
Second-order Green's function perturbation theory for periodic systems
Rusakov, Alexander A
2015-01-01
Despite recent advances, systematic quantitative treatment of the electron correlation problem in extended systems remains a formidable task. Systematically improvable Green's function methods capable of quantitatively describing weak and at least qualitatively strong correlations appear promising candidates for computational treatment of periodic systems. We present a periodic implementation of temperature-dependent self-consistent 2nd-order Green's function method (GF2), where the self-energy is evaluated in the basis of atomic orbitals. Evaluating the real-space self-energy in atomic orbitals and solving the Dyson equation in $\\mathbf{k}$-space are the key components of a computationally feasible algorithm. We apply this technique to the 1D hydrogen lattice - a prototypical crystalline system with a realistic Hamiltonian. By analyzing the behavior of the spectral functions, natural occupations, and self-energies, we claim that GF2 is able to recover metallic, band insulating, and at least qualitatively Mot...
A family of Nikishin systems with periodic recurrence coefficients
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Suppose we have a Nikishin system of p measures with the kth generating measure of the Nikishin system supported on an interval ?k subset of R with ?k ? ?k+1 = ? for all k. It is well known that the corresponding staircase sequence of multiple orthogonal polynomials satisfies a (p+2)-term recurrence relation whose recurrence coefficients, under appropriate assumptions on the generating measures, have periodic limits of period p. (The limit values depend only on the positions of the intervals ?k.) Taking these periodic limit values as the coefficients of a new (p+2)-term recurrence relation, we construct a canonical sequence of monic polynomials {Pn}n=0?, the so-called Chebyshev-Nikishin polynomials. We show that the polynomials Pn themselves form a sequence of multiple orthogonal polynomials with respect to some Nikishin system of measures, with the kth generating measure being absolutely continuous on ?k. In this way we generalize a result of the third author and Rocha [22] for the case p=2. The proof uses the connection with block Toeplitz matrices, and with a certain Riemann surface of genus zero. We also obtain strong asymptotics and an exact Widom-type formula for functions of the second kind of the Nikishin system for {Pn}n=0?. Bibliography: 27 titles.
Dynamic steady-state of periodically-driven quantum systems
Yudin, V I; Basalaev, M Yu; Kovalenko, D
2015-01-01
Using the density matrix formalism, we prove an existence theorem of the periodic steady-state for an arbitrary periodically-driven system. This state has the same period as the modulated external influence, and it is realized as an asymptotic solution ($t$$\\to$$+\\infty$) due to relaxation processes. The presented derivation simultaneously contains a simple computational algorithm non-using both Floquet and Fourier theories, i.e. our method automatically guarantees a full account of all frequency components. The description is accompanied by the examples demonstrating a simplicity and high efficiency of our method. In particular, for three-level $\\Lambda$-system we calculate the lineshape and field-induced shift of the dark resonance formed by the field with periodically modulated phase. For two-level atom we obtain the analytical expressions for signal of the direct frequency comb spectroscopy with rectangular light pulses. In this case it was shown the radical dependence of the spectroscopy lineshape on pul...
Periodic orbits of hybrid systems and parameter estimation via AD.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Guckenheimer, John. (Cornell University); Phipps, Eric Todd; Casey, Richard (INRIA Sophia-Antipolis)
2004-07-01
Rhythmic, periodic processes are ubiquitous in biological systems; for example, the heart beat, walking, circadian rhythms and the menstrual cycle. Modeling these processes with high fidelity as periodic orbits of dynamical systems is challenging because: (1) (most) nonlinear differential equations can only be solved numerically; (2) accurate computation requires solving boundary value problems; (3) many problems and solutions are only piecewise smooth; (4) many problems require solving differential-algebraic equations; (5) sensitivity information for parameter dependence of solutions requires solving variational equations; and (6) truncation errors in numerical integration degrade performance of optimization methods for parameter estimation. In addition, mathematical models of biological processes frequently contain many poorly-known parameters, and the problems associated with this impedes the construction of detailed, high-fidelity models. Modelers are often faced with the difficult problem of using simulations of a nonlinear model, with complex dynamics and many parameters, to match experimental data. Improved computational tools for exploring parameter space and fitting models to data are clearly needed. This paper describes techniques for computing periodic orbits in systems of hybrid differential-algebraic equations and parameter estimation methods for fitting these orbits to data. These techniques make extensive use of automatic differentiation to accurately and efficiently evaluate derivatives for time integration, parameter sensitivities, root finding and optimization. The boundary value problem representing a periodic orbit in a hybrid system of differential algebraic equations is discretized via multiple-shooting using a high-degree Taylor series integration method [GM00, Phi03]. Numerical solutions to the shooting equations are then estimated by a Newton process yielding an approximate periodic orbit. A metric is defined for computing the distance between two given periodic orbits which is then minimized using a trust-region minimization algorithm [DS83] to find optimal fits of the model to a reference orbit [Cas04]. There are two different yet related goals that motivate the algorithmic choices listed above. The first is to provide a simple yet powerful framework for studying periodic motions in mechanical systems. Formulating mechanically correct equations of motion for systems of interconnected rigid bodies, while straightforward, is a time-consuming error prone process. Much of this difficulty stems from computing the acceleration of each rigid body in an inertial reference frame. The acceleration is computed most easily in a redundant set of coordinates giving the spatial positions of each body: since the acceleration is just the second derivative of these positions. Rather than providing explicit formulas for these derivatives, automatic differentiation can be employed to compute these quantities efficiently during the course of a simulation. The feasibility of these ideas was investigated by applying these techniques to the problem of locating stable walking motions for a disc-foot passive walking machine [CGMR01, Gar99, McG91]. The second goal for this work was to investigate the application of smooth optimization methods to periodic orbit parameter estimation problems in neural oscillations. Others [BB93, FUS93, VB99] have favored non-continuous optimization methods such as genetic algorithms, stochastic search methods, simulated annealing and brute-force random searches because of their perceived suitability to the landscape of typical objective functions in parameter space, particularly for multi-compartmental neural models. Here we argue that a carefully formulated optimization problem is amenable to Newton-like methods and has a sufficiently smooth landscape in parameter space that these methods can be an efficient and effective alternative. The plan of this paper is as follows. In Section 1 we provide a definition of hybrid systems that is the basis for modeling systems with discontinuities or
Tandem system for periodic measurement of half value layers
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Two commercial ionization chambers, one cylindrical and the other with parallel plates, of the Calibration Laboratory of IPEN, were studied in this work. The great difference in their energy dependence allowed the formation of a Tandem system, which was tested for periodic routine determinations of half value layers in low energy X radiation fields (14 to 21 keV). The obtained results showed the usefulness of this technique. (author)
Vibration isolation of automotive vehicle engine using periodic mounting systems
Asiri, S.
2005-05-01
Customer awareness and sensitivity to noise and vibration levels have been raised through increasing television advertisement, in which the vehicle noise and vibration performance is used as the main market differentiation. This awareness has caused the transportation industry to regard noise and vibration as important criteria for improving market shares. One industry that tends to be in the forefront of the technology to reduce the levels of noise and vibration is the automobile industry. Hence, it is of practical interest to reduce the vibrations induced structural responses. The automotive vehicle engine is the main source of mechanical vibrations of automobiles. The engine is vulnerable to the dynamic action caused by engine disturbance force in various speed ranges. The vibrations of the automotive vehicle engines may cause structural failure, malfunction of other parts, or discomfort to passengers because of high level noise and vibrations. The mounts of the engines act as the transmission paths of the vibrations transmitted from the excitation sources to the body of the vehicle and passengers. Therefore, proper design and control of these mounts are essential to the attenuation of the vibration of platform structures. To improve vibration resistant capacities of engine mounting systems, vibration control techniques may be used. For instance, some passive and semi-active dissipation devices may be installed at mounts to enhance vibration energy absorbing capacity. In the proposed study, a radically different concept is presented whereby periodic mounts are considered because these mounts exhibit unique dynamic characteristics that make them act as mechanical filters for wave propagation. As a result, waves can propagate along the periodic mounts only within specific frequency bands called the "Pass Bands" and wave propagation is completely blocked within other frequency bands called the "Stop Bands". The experimental arrangements, including the design of mounting systems with plain and periodic mounts will be studied first. The dynamic characteristics of such systems will be obtained experimentally in both cases. The tests will be then carried out to study the performance characteristics of periodic mounts with geometrical and/or material periodicity. The effectiveness of the periodicity on the vibration levels of mounting systems will be demonstrated theoretically and experimentally. Finally, the experimental results will be compared with the theoretical predictions.
Rigorous KAM results around arbitrary periodic orbits for Hamiltonian Systems
Kapela, Tomasz
2011-01-01
We set up a methodology for computer assisted proofs of the existence and the KAM stability of an arbitrary periodic orbit for Hamiltonian systems. We give two examples of application for systems with 2 and 3 degrees of freedom. The first example verifies the existence of tiny elliptic islands inside large chaotic domains for a quartic potential. In the 3-body problem we prove the KAM stability of the well-known figure eight orbit and two selected orbits of the so called family of rotating Eights. Some additional theoretical and numerical information is also given for the dynamics of both examples.
On periodic solutions and their modulations of the Manakov system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Periodic solutions of the Manakov system are studied with the aim to establish links between the recent results of Wright (Wright 2013 Physica D 264 1) and Kamchatnov (Kamchatnov 2013 Europhys. Lett. 103 60003), where one-phase solutions have been obtained by different methods and with different parameterizations. Two types of wave, which in the context of the dynamics of two-component Bose–Einstein condensates can be called density and polarization waves, are determined as particular solutions of the Manakov system. Whitham equations describing modulations of these two types of waves are obtained. (paper)
Stability Analysis for Multi-Parameter Linear Periodic Systems
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Seyranian, A.P.; Solem, Frederik
1999-01-01
This paper is devoted to stability analysis of general linear periodic systems depending on real parameters. The Floquet method and perturbation technique are the basis of the development. We start out with the first and higher-order derivatives of the Floquet matrix with respect to problem parameters. Then the behaviour of simple and multiple multipliers of the system with a change of parameters is studied. Weak and strong interactions of multipliers in the complex plane are treated separately. The presented theory is exemplified and discussed.
Constraint Based Computation of Periodic Orbits of Chaotic Dynamical Systems
Goldsztejn, Alexandre; Granvilliers, Laurent; Jermann, Christophe
2013-01-01
The chaos theory emerged at the end of the 19th century, and it has given birth to a deep mathematical theory in the 20th century, with a strong practical impact (e.g., weather forecast, turbulence analysis). Periodic orbits play a key role in understanding chaotic systems. Their rigorous computation provides some insights on the chaotic behavior of the system and it enables computer assisted proofs of chaos related properties (e.g., topological entropy). In this paper, we show that the (nume...
Periodic dynamic systems for infected hosts and mosquitoes
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Oliva W. M.
1996-01-01
Full Text Available A mathematical model for the purpose of analysing the dynamic of the populations of infected hosts anf infected mosquitoes when the populations of mosquitoes are periodic in time is here presented. By the computation of a parameter lambda (the spectral radius of a certain monodromy matrix one can state that either the infection peters out naturally (lambda 1 the infection becomes endemic. The model generalizes previous models for malaria by considering the case of periodic coefficients; it is also a variation of that for gonorrhea. The main motivation for the consideration of this present model was the recent studies on mosquitoes at an experimental rice irrigation system, in the South-Eastern region of Brazil.
Period-doubling universality in multidimensional dissipative and conservative systems
Ketoja, J. A.
1987-09-01
The standard renormalization theories of dissipative and conservative dynamical systems do not explain all of the observed universal features of two dimensional maps, for example the universal crossover of the Feigenbaum constants before the period-doubling accumulation line. The universal crossover has a counterpart on the other side of the period-doubling accumulation line: universal effective values of the Jacobian control the crossings of the MSS windows away from the strictly one dimensional dissipative limit. All this suggests that there should exist a general renormalization scheme which incorporates a Jacobian as a special parameter and applies everywhere from dissipative to conservative maps. A straightforward generalization of the ideas current in one dimension leads to a candidate for such a generalized theory.
ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL PERIODS INDUCED THROUGH BANKING SYSTEM
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Ionita Rodica -Oana
2013-07-01
Full Text Available Abstract:This paper is an empirical study which analyzes the influence of banking system to the economic and financial environment. At the basis of this research there are two subjective definitions of economic instability periods (CII and of financial instability periods (FII and two composite indexes called EWI (Economic Warning Index and FWI (Financial Warning Index defined in a prior research. Because it is not possible to predict the exact point in time at which the crisis sets in, the purpose of this paper is to identify possible vulnerabilities induced through banking system and to treat them in order to mitigate the costs of the economy. I defined a set of eighteen potential leading indicators from banking/financial sector, in the period 2000 - 2012. The countries included in the study are Czech Republic, Hungary and Romania. It was composed a balance panel with seven hundred and eighty observations. There is both a quantitative and qualitative approach. Using econometrics technicques as OLS regressions, Fixed effects and Fixed dummy effects there were identfied significant banking indicators in explaining economic and financial instability periods. Then, I compose a banking index which captures the costs occurred to the banking system and I assess its performance in explaining the economic and financial instability indexes through in the sample and out of the sample techniques. At the basis of my decision to choose a continuous model was the fact that it motivates policy makers in steering policy continuously and the fact that there is no need to decide between yes/ no value of crisis. This research aim to observe the influence of the banking sector evolution to the incidence of economic and financial instability periods and give us a warning regardless any negative trends in the macroeconomic or financial activity, affecting the national or the global situation. Using model simulations on historical data, the model performance was assessed upon in the sample and out of sample estimation techniques. The evaluation results suggest that banking indicators give us a warning signal of the negative trend of economic and financial environment.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The 4 volume of the XVIII Mendeleev congress on general and applied chemistry includes summaries of reports, lectures and stand information on achievements and prospects of chemical science in such areas as methods and devices for chemical investigations and analysis, education, high energy chemistry, biomolecular chemistry and biotechnology
Resonant transmission through a multiple periodic scattering system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We investigate the propagation and transmission of electromagnetic (EM) waves in the subwavelength regime when a multiple periodic scattering system (MPSS) is illuminated by a monochromatic plane wave. This system has a cascaded structure with square hole arrays periodically perforated on a metal slab with arbitrary slab thickness and arbitrary air-gap. The framework of this paper is based on a modal expansion theory, in which the EM fields in pure vacuum are expanded in terms of plane waves, while those in the holes of the slab are expressed in terms of waveguide modes. The boundary conditions for the EM waves lead to a system of equations whose solution can be obtained quasianalytically in a monomodal approximation method. We study the transmission spectrum and field distribution in the MPSS, varying geometrical parameters such as the air-gap and/or number N of slabs in the context of symmetrical and asymmetrical geometries. We find that an MPSS with N ? 2 provides discrete transmission windows whose resonance order linearly increases against N and the associated resonance wavelengths are confined to a specific finite band for large N. The EM fields at the resonance states are quite uniquely distributed in the MPSS, depending not only on the resonance wavelength, but also either on even N or on odd N. We also demonstrate that the transmission of the EM energy is strongly boosted by the evanescent electric fields mirror-symmetrically distributed in the air-gaps of the MPSS. (paper)
Discrete changes of current statistics in periodically driven stochastic systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We demonstrate that the counting statistics of currents in periodically driven ergodic stochastic systems can show sharp changes of some of its properties in response to continuous changes of the driving protocol. To describe this effect, we introduce a new topological phase factor in the evolution of the moment generating function which is akin to the topological geometric phase in the evolution of a periodically driven quantum mechanical system with time-reversal symmetry. This phase leads to the prediction of a sign change for the difference of the probabilities to find even and odd numbers of particles transferred in a stochastic system in response to cyclic evolution of control parameters. The driving protocols that lead to this sign change should enclose specific degeneracy points in the space of control parameters. The relation between the topology of the paths in the control parameter space and the sign changes can be described in terms of the first Stiefel–Whitney class of topological invariants. (letter)
Stability analysis of periodically switched linear systems using Floquet theory
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gökçek Cevat
2004-01-01
Full Text Available Stability of a switched system that consists of a set of linear time invariant subsystems and a periodic switching rule is investigated. Based on the Floquet theory, necessary and sufficient conditions are given for exponential stability. It is shown that there exists a slow switching rule that achieves exponential stability if at least one of these subsystems is asymptotically stable. It is also shown that there exists a fast switching rule that achieves exponential stability if the average of these subsystems is asymptotically stable. The results are illustrated by examples.
Semiclassical quantization of nonadiabatic systems with hopping periodic orbits
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We present a semiclassical quantization condition, i.e., quantum–classical correspondence, for steady states of nonadiabatic systems consisting of fast and slow degrees of freedom (DOFs) by extending Gutzwiller’s trace formula to a nonadiabatic form. The quantum–classical correspondence indicates that a set of primitive hopping periodic orbits, which are invariant under time evolution in the phase space of the slow DOF, should be quantized. The semiclassical quantization is then applied to a simple nonadiabatic model and accurately reproduces exact quantum energy levels. In addition to the semiclassical quantization condition, we also discuss chaotic dynamics involved in the classical limit of nonadiabatic dynamics
Periodic solutions to systems of reaction-diffusion equations
Rosen, G.
1976-01-01
Necessary and sufficient conditions are derived for the existence of temporally periodic 'dissipative structure' solutions in weak diffusion with the reaction rate terms dominant in a generic system of reaction-diffusion differential equations. The enumerator index i of the equations denotes the density or concentration of the ith participating molecular or biological species, and D sub i is the diffusivity constant for the ith species while Q sub i (c), an algebraic function of the n-tuple c, expresses the local rate of production of the ith species due to chemical reactions or biological interactions.
Semiclassical quantization of nonadiabatic systems with hopping periodic orbits
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fujii, Mikiya, E-mail: mikiya.fujii@gmail.com; Yamashita, Koichi [Department of Chemical System Engineering, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); JST, CREST, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan)
2015-02-21
We present a semiclassical quantization condition, i.e., quantum–classical correspondence, for steady states of nonadiabatic systems consisting of fast and slow degrees of freedom (DOFs) by extending Gutzwiller’s trace formula to a nonadiabatic form. The quantum–classical correspondence indicates that a set of primitive hopping periodic orbits, which are invariant under time evolution in the phase space of the slow DOF, should be quantized. The semiclassical quantization is then applied to a simple nonadiabatic model and accurately reproduces exact quantum energy levels. In addition to the semiclassical quantization condition, we also discuss chaotic dynamics involved in the classical limit of nonadiabatic dynamics.
Quantum revivals in periodically driven systems close to nonlinear resonances
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We calculate the quantum revival time for a wave packet initially well localized in a one-dimensional potential in the presence of an external periodic modulating field. The dependence of the revival time on various parameters of the driven system is shown analytically. As an example of an application of our approach, we compare the analytically obtained values of the revival time for various modulation strengths with the numerically computed ones in the case of a driven gravitational cavity. We show that they are in very good agreement
Benner, Peter; Hossain, Mohammad-Sahadet; Stykel, Tatjana
2012-01-01
We discuss the numerical solution of large-scale sparse projected discrete-time periodic Lyapunov equations in lifted form which arise in model reduction of periodic descriptor systems. We extend the alternating direction implicit method and the Smith method to such equations. Low-rank versions of these methods are also presented, which can be used to compute low-rank approximations to the solutions of projected periodic Lyapunov equations in lifted form with low-rank right-hand side. Moreove...
Robust detection of periodic time series measured from biological systems
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Huttunen Heikki
2005-05-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background Periodic phenomena are widespread in biology. The problem of finding periodicity in biological time series can be viewed as a multiple hypothesis testing of the spectral content of a given time series. The exact noise characteristics are unknown in many bioinformatics applications. Furthermore, the observed time series can exhibit other non-idealities, such as outliers, short length and distortion from the original wave form. Hence, the computational methods should preferably be robust against such anomalies in the data. Results We propose a general-purpose robust testing procedure for finding periodic sequences in multiple time series data. The proposed method is based on a robust spectral estimator which is incorporated into the hypothesis testing framework using a so-called g-statistic together with correction for multiple testing. This results in a robust testing procedure which is insensitive to heavy contamination of outliers, missing-values, short time series, nonlinear distortions, and is completely insensitive to any monotone nonlinear distortions. The performance of the methods is evaluated by performing extensive simulations. In addition, we compare the proposed method with another recent statistical signal detection estimator that uses Fisher's test, based on the Gaussian noise assumption. The results demonstrate that the proposed robust method provides remarkably better robustness properties. Moreover, the performance of the proposed method is preferable also in the standard Gaussian case. We validate the performance of the proposed method on real data on which the method performs very favorably. Conclusion As the time series measured from biological systems are usually short and prone to contain different kinds of non-idealities, we are very optimistic about the multitude of possible applications for our proposed robust statistical periodicity detection method. Availability The presented methods have been implemented in Matlab and in R. Codes are available on request. Supplementary material is available at: http://www.cs.tut.fi/sgn/csb/robustperiodic/.
Nam, Seung-Il; Woo, Kyung Sik; Ji, Hyo Seon; Stein, Ruediger; Mackensen, Andreas; Matthiessen, Jens
2015-04-01
Authigenic carbonates and mud fractions of the glaciomarine sediments were investigated texturally and geochemically. The sediment core (PS72/410-1) was retrieved using a giant box corer from the central Mendeleev Ridge of the western Arctic Ocean (Station location= Lat. 80°30.37"N, Long. 175°44.38"W) during the Polarstern Arctic expedition (PS72) in 2008. The core is 39 cm long with age of ca. 76 ka BP and was collected from the water depth of 1,802 meters. The sediments show various colours from grey to brown as previously reported in other Arctic deep sea sediments, reflecting glacial-interglacial and/or stadial-interstadial cycles. Authigenic carbonate minerals are present through the whole sequence except for a few centimetres. These authigenic carbonates are composed of high Mg-calcite, low Mg-calcite and aragonite. Various crystal shapes of aragonite and calcite together with clear growth shapes of the crystals suggest that they are inorganic in origin. Highly enriched carbon isotope compositions (?13C = 0 ~ +5‰ vs. PDB) strongly indicate that they formed in methanogenic zone below sediment/water interface by the reaction between anoxic pore fluids and host sediments induced by methanogenic bacteria. However, a wide range of oxygen isotope values (?18O = -5 ~ +5‰ vs. PDB) may indicate that porewater has been changed due to reaction between residual seawater and volcanic sediments. Relatively higher contents of K, Al, Fe and Be values from muddy sediments as well as low ?18O compositions of authigenic carbonates may imply strong input of meltwater from volcanic region (Eastern Arctic region) whereas higher oxygen isotope compositions of authigenic carbonates and higher Sr and K contents of mud sediments may reflect stronger influence from carbonate-rich region (Canadian Arctic region). Mineralogical changes form low to high Mg-calcite together with decrease in Mg, Sr and Fe contents strongly support less freshwater input from glacial mode to interglacial mode. Based on the stable isotope data of authigenic carbonates and trace element contents of mud sediments, formation history of the Upper Deep Polar Water can be reconstructed.
Optimal stabilization of unstable periodic orbits embedded in chaotic systems
Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)
C.A., Cruz-Villar.
2007-10-01
Full Text Available En este artículo se propone un enfoque basado en el flujo gradiente con el propósito de estabilizar órbitas periódicas inestables inmersas en sistemas caóticos. Tal enfoque considera al problema de estabilización como un problema de control óptimo, lo cual permite obtener una solución en línea al pr [...] oblema de interés, para lo cual se introduce el cálculo de las sensibilidades de los estados con respecto a la entrada de control. El controlador por retroalimentación resultante permite estabilizar órbitas periódicas inestables inmersas en ambas clases de sistemas caoticos, con o sin número de Floquet impar. Además, el enfoque propuesto se extiende para identificar el periodo de la órbita periódica inestable a ser estabilizada, en el caso en que este sea desconocido. Se realizan experimentos de simulación del controlador propuesto, para estabilizar orbitas periódicas inestables de los sistemas de Rössler y de Lorenz. Abstract in english A gradient-flow-based approach is proposed in this paper for stabilizing unstable periodic orbits (UPO) embedded in chaotic systems. In order to obtain an on-line stabilizing solution, the stabilization problem is considered to be an optimal control problem, and system state sensitivities with respe [...] ct to the control input are introduced. The resulting feedback controller is able to stabilize UPO embedded in both kind of systems, with or without an odd Floquet number. Moreover, the proposed approach is easily extended to identifying the period of the UPO to be stabilized when it is unknown. Simulation experiments of the proposed controller are carried out on the Rössler and the Lorenz systems.
A note on discrete-time dynamical systems under periodic perturbation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xiaosong Yang
2006-07-01
Full Text Available We present some results on the existence and the minimum period of periodic orbits for discrete-time dynamical systems under periodic perturbation. Some examples are presented to illustrate these results.
Periodic Solutions of Non-Autonomous Second Order Hamiltonian Systems
Li, Fengying; Zhang, Shiqing; Zhao, Xiaoxiao
2013-01-01
We try to generalize a result of M. Willem on forced periodic oscillations which required the assumption that the forced potential is periodic on spatial variables. In this paper, we only assume its integral on the time variable is periodic, and so we extend the result to cover the forced pendulum equation. We apply the direct variational minimizing method and Rabinowtz's saddle point theorem to study the periodic solution when the integral of the potential on the time varia...
Linear Impulsive Periodic System with Time-Varying Generating Operators on Banach Space
Wei W; Wang JinRong; Xiang X
2007-01-01
A class of the linear impulsive periodic system with time-varying generating operators on Banach space is considered. By constructing the impulsive evolution operator, the existence of -periodic -mild solution for homogeneous linear impulsive periodic system with time-varying generating operators is reduced to the existence of fixed point for a suitable operator. Further the alternative results on -periodic -mild solution for nonhomogeneous linear impulsive periodic system with time-varying ...
Gap solitons and Bloch waves in nonlinear periodic systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We comprehensively investigate gap solitons and Bloch waves in one-dimensional nonlinear periodic systems. Our results show that there exists a composition relation between them: Bloch waves at either the center or edge of the Brillouin zone are infinite chains composed of fundamental gap solitons (FGSs). We argue that such a relation is related to the exact relation between nonlinear Bloch waves and nonlinear Wannier functions. With this composition relation, many conclusions can be drawn for gap solitons without any computation. For example, for the defocusing nonlinearity, there are n families of FGS in the nth linear Bloch band gap; for the focusing case, there are infinite number of families of FGSs in the semi-infinite gap and other gaps. In addition, the stability of gap solitons is analyzed. In literature, there are numerical results showing that some FGSs have cutoffs on propagation constant (or chemical potential), i.e., these FGSs do not exist for all values of propagation constant (or chemical potential) in the linear band gap. We develop an intuitive picture to describe this cutoff.
Emergence of quasiperiodicity in symmetrically coupled, identical period-doubling systems
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Reick, Christian; Mosekilde, Erik
1995-01-01
When two Identical period-doubling systems are coupled symmetrically, the period-doubling transition to chaos may be replaced by a quasiperiodic transition. The reason for this is that at an early stage of the period-doubling cascade, a Hopf bifurcation instead of a period-doubling bifurcation occurs. Our main result is that the emergence of this Hopf bifurcation is a generic phenomenon in symmetrically coupled, identical period-doubling systems. The whole phenomenon is stable against small nons...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dhaou Lassoued
2013-04-01
Full Text Available We prove that a family of $q$-periodic continuous matrix valued function ${A(t}_{tin mathbb{R}}$ has an exponential dichotomy with a projector $P$ if and only if $int_0^t e^{imu s}U(t,sPds$ is bounded uniformly with respect to the parameter $mu$ and the solution of the Cauchy operator Problem $$displaylines{ dot{Y}(t=-Y(tA(t+ e^{i mu t}(I-P ,quad tgeq s cr Y(s=0, }$$ has a limit in $mathcal{L}(mathbb{C}^n$ as s tends to $-infty$ which is bounded uniformly with respect to the parameter $mu$. Here, ${ U(t,s: t, sinmathbb{R}}$ is the evolution family generated by ${A(t}_{tin mathbb{R}}$, $mu$ is a real number and q is a fixed positive number.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Vyatkin V. B.
2013-05-01
Full Text Available In the article, for the first time we have considered group of electrons radial to atomic nucleus with equal value of orbital quantum number and equal sequence of emergence on subshells. As a result of this consideration, the exclusion orbital principle which regulates distribution of electrons in atom on values of spin has been established. On the basis of this principle, the orbital system of distribution of electrons which adequately corresponds to the valid system installed according to the spectral analysis is developed. From positions of orbital system the new explanation of reasons for deviation of the valid system of distribution of electrons in atom from ideal system of consecutive filling of electron shells has been offered and the nature of the empirical rule is opened. The structure of periodic system is also considered and the explanation of the reasons pair repetition of the periods on number of elements is offered. It is thus shown that borders of the chemical periods are displaced relatively borders of the periods of orbital system on two elements to the left
From chaotic to disordered systems - a periodic orbit approach
Dahlqvist, Per
1998-01-01
We apply periodic orbit theory to a quantum billiard on a torus with a variable number N of small circular scatterers distributed randomly. Provided these scatterers are much smaller than the wave length they may be regarded as sources of diffraction. The relevant part of the spectral determinant is due to diffractive periodic orbits only. We formulate this diffractive zeta function in terms of a N*N transfer matrix, which is transformed to real form. The zeros of this deter...
Wang, Bixiang
2014-01-01
In this paper, we introduce concepts of pathwise random almost periodic and almost automorphic solutions for dynamical systems generated by non-autonomous stochastic equations. These solutions are pathwise stochastic analogues of deterministic dynamical systems. The existence and bifurcation of random periodic (random almost periodic, random almost automorphic) solutions have been established for a one-dimensional stochastic equation with multiplicative noise.
Emergence of spike correlations in periodically forced excitable systems
Reinoso, Jose A; Masoller, Cristina
2015-01-01
In sensory neurons the presence of noise can facilitate the detection of weak information-carrying signals, which are encoded and transmitted via correlated sequences of spikes. Here we investigate relative temporal order in spike sequences induced by a subthreshold periodic input, in the presence of white Gaussian noise. To simulate the spikes, we use the FitzHugh-Nagumo model, and to investigate the output sequence of inter-spike intervals (ISIs), we use the symbolic method of ordinal analysis. We find different types of relative temporal order, in the form of preferred ordinal patterns which depend on both, the strength of the noise and the period of the input signal. We also demonstrate a resonance-like behavior, as certain periods and noise levels enhance temporal ordering in the ISI sequence, maximizing the probability of the preferred patterns. Our findings could be relevant for understanding the mechanisms underlying temporal coding, by which single sensory neurons represent in spike sequences the inf...
Permanence and Stable Periodic Solution for a Discrete Competitive System with Multidelays
Chunqing Wu
2009-01-01
The permanence and the existence of periodic solution for a discrete nonautonomous competitive system with multidelays are considered. Also the stability of the periodic solution is discussed. Numerical examples are given to confirm the theoretical results.
Branching of periodic orbits in reversible hamiltonian systems
Buzzi, Claudio; Teixeira, Marco Antonio
2010-01-01
This paper deals with the dynamics of time-reversible Hamiltonian vector fields with 2 and 3 degrees of freedom around an elliptic equilibrium point in presence of symplectic involutions. The main results discuss the existence of one-parameter families of reversible periodic solutions terminating at the equilibrium. The main techniques used are Birkhoff and Belitskii normal forms combined with the Liapunov-Schmidt reduction.
Periodic solutions in a class of nonlinear dual-mass systems
Yen, D. H. Y.; Swint, D. O.
1974-01-01
A class of nonlinear spring-mass systems with two degrees of freedom is studied. A numerical method is developed for determining the periodic solutions in such systems. The method grows out of a recent paper of Yen (1974a) in which properties of such periodic solutions have been investigated theoretically. Numerical results, obtained for some example systems involving linear, cubic and quintic spring forces, support the findings of Yen and reveal further details of the properties of such periodic solutions.
Diffusion in stochastically and periodically modulated Hamiltonian systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We consider an area preserving map whose linear frequency is stochastically perturbed. When no low order resonances are present a Fokker-Planck equation for the action diffusion is written and its solution agrees with the simulation of the process. The key point is the description of the map with an interpolating hamiltonian for which the action diffusion coefficient can be analytically computed. When the frequency has a slow periodic modulation, then for low amplitudes the diffusion is limited to the action interval swept by a chain of islands, whereas for large amplitudes the diffusion reaches the dynamic aperture as in the stochastic case
Periodic solutions of systems with asymptotically even nonlinearities
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Peter E. Kloeden
2000-01-01
Full Text Available New conditions of solvability based on a general theorem on the calculation of the index at infinity for vector fields that have degenerate principal linear part as well as degenerate ?next order? terms are obtained for the 2?-periodic problem for the scalar equation x?+n2x=g(|x|+f(t,x+b(t with bounded g(u and f(t,x?0 as |x|?0. The result is also applied to the solvability of a two-point boundary value problem and to resonant problems for equations arising in control theory.
Finite-temperature crossovers in periodic disordered systems.
Foini, L; Giamarchi, T
2015-03-01
We consider the static properties of periodic structures in weak random disorder. We apply a functional renormalization group approach (FRG) and a Gaussian variational method (GVM) to study their displacement correlations. We focus in particular on the effects of temperature and we compute explicitly the crossover length scales separating different regimes in the displacement correlation function. We compare the FRG and GVM results and find excellent agreement. We show that the FRG predicts, in addition, the existence of a third length scale associated with the screening of the disorder by thermal fluctuations and discuss a protocol to observe it. PMID:25871048
Transmission and reflection studies of periodic and random systems with gain
Jiang, Xunya; Soukoulis, C. M.
1999-01-01
The transmission (T) and reflection (R) coefficients are studied in periodic systems and random systems with gain. For both the periodic electronic tight-binding model and the periodic classical many-layered model, we obtain numerically and theoretically the dependence of T and R. The critical length of periodic system L[sub c][sup 0], above which T decreases with the size of the system L while R approaches a constant value, is obtained to be inversely proportional to the im...
Periodic Flows to Chaos Based on Discrete Implicit Mappings of Continuous Nonlinear Systems
Luo, Albert C. J.
This paper presents a semi-analytical method for periodic flows in continuous nonlinear dynamical systems. For the semi-analytical approach, differential equations of nonlinear dynamical systems are discretized to obtain implicit maps, and a mapping structure based on the implicit maps is employed for a periodic flow. From mapping structures, periodic flows in nonlinear dynamical systems are predicted analytically and the corresponding stability and bifurcations of the periodic flows are determined through the eigenvalue analysis. The periodic flows predicted by the single-step implicit maps are discussed first, and the periodic flows predicted by the multistep implicit maps are also presented. Periodic flows in time-delay nonlinear dynamical systems are discussed by the single-step and multistep implicit maps. The time-delay nodes in discretization of time-delay nonlinear systems were treated by both an interpolation and a direct integration. Based on the discrete nodes of periodic flows in nonlinear dynamical systems with/without time-delay, the discrete Fourier series responses of periodic flows are presented. To demonstrate the methodology, the bifurcation tree of period-1 motion to chaos in a Duffing oscillator is presented as a sampled problem. The method presented in this paper can be applied to nonlinear dynamical systems, which cannot be solved directly by analytical methods.
Qian Chen; Wei, W.; X. Xiang; JinRong Wang
2008-01-01
This paper studies the existence and global asymptotical stability of periodic PC-mild solution for the T-periodic Logistic system with time-varying generating operators and T0-periodic impulsive perturbations on Banach spaces. Two sufficient conditions that guarantee the exponential stability of the impulsive evolution operator corresponding to homogenous well-posed T-periodic system with time-varying generating operators and T0-periodic impulsive perturbations are given. It is shown that th...
Quantum System under Periodic Perturbation Effect of Environment
Hotta, M; Matsumoto, S; Yoshimura, M; Matsumoto, Sh.
1996-01-01
In many physical situations the behavior of a quantum system is affected by interaction with a larger environment. We develop, using the method of influence functional, how to deduce the density matrix of the quantum system incorporating the effect of environment. After introducing characterization of the environment by spectral weight, we first devise schemes to approximate the spectral weight, and then a perturbation method in field theory models, in order to approximately describe the environment. All of these approximate models may be classified as extended Ohmic models of dissipation whose differences are in the high frequency part. The quantum system we deal with in the present work is a general class of harmonic oscillators with arbitrary time dependent frequency. The late time behavior of the system is well described by an approximation that employs a localized friction in the dissipative part of the correlation function appearing in the influence functional. The density matrix of the quantum system i...
Gondhalekar, R.; Jones, Colin
2011-01-01
State-feedback model predictive control (MPC) of discrete-time linear periodic systems with time-dependent state and input dimensions is considered. The states and inputs are subject to periodically time-dependent, hard, convex, polyhedral constraints. First, periodic controlled and positively invariant sets are characterized, and a method to determine the maximum periodic controlled and positively invariant sets is derived. The proposed periodic controlled invariant sets are then employed in...
Stabilization of periodic solutions in a tethered satellite system by damping injection
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Larsen, Martin Birkelund; Blanke, Mogens
2009-01-01
A spacecraft with electrodynamic tether orbiting the Earth will be subject to a periodic forcing term induced by the variation of the magnetic field along the orbit. The periodic forcing term leads to a family of unstable periodic solutions for a tether carrying a constant current. This paper presents a control design for stabilizing these periodic solutions. The design consists of a control law for stabilizing the open-loop equilibrium and a bias term which forces the system trajectory away fro...
Stabilization of Periodic Solutions in a Thedered Satellite System by Damping Injection
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Larsen, Martin Birkelund; Blanke, Mogens
2009-01-01
A spacecraft with electrodynamic tether orbiting the Earth will be subject to a periodic forcing term induced by the variation of the magnetic field along the orbit. The periodic forcing term leads to a family of unstable periodic solutions for a tether carrying a constant current. This paper presents a control design for stabilizing these periodic solutions. The design consists of a control law for stabilising the open-loo equibrilibrium and a bias term which forces the system trajectory away f...
On the stability of periodic orbits for differential systems in $\\mathbb{R}^n$
Gasull, Armengol; Giacomini, Hector; Grau, Maite
2006-01-01
We consider an autonomous differential system in $\\mathbb{R}^n$ with a periodic orbit and we give a new method for computing the characteristic multipliers associated to it. Our method works when the periodic orbit is given by the transversal intersection of $n-1$ codimension one hypersurfaces and is an alternative to the use of the first order variational equations. We apply it to study the stability of the periodic orbits in several examples, including a periodic solution ...
On the stabilization of periodic orbits for discrete time chaotic systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this Letter we consider the stabilization problem of unstable periodic orbits of discrete time chaotic systems. We propose a novel and simple periodic delayed feedback law and present some stability results. These results show that all hyperbolic periodic orbits as well as some non-hyperbolic periodic orbits can be stabilized with the proposed method. The stability proofs also give the possible feedback gains which achieve stabilization. We will also present some simulation results
Commissioning and periodic tests of the Esteya® electronic brachytherapy system
Niatsetski, Yury; Ouhib, Zoubir; Ballester, Facundo; Vijande, Javier; Perez-Calatayud, Jose
2015-01-01
A new electronic brachytherapy unit from Elekta, called Esteya®, has recently been introduced to the market. As a part of the standards in radiation oncology, an acceptance testing and commissioning must be performed prior to treatment of the first patient. In addition, a quality assurance program should be implemented. A complete commissioning and periodic testing of the Esteya® device using the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM), Groupe Européen de Curiethérapie and the European Society for Radiotherapy & Oncology (GEC-ESTRO) guidelines for linacs and brachytherapy units as well as our personal experience is described in this paper. In addition to the methodology, recommendations on equipment required for each test are provided, taking into consideration their availability and traceability of the detectors. Finally, tolerance levels for all the tests are provided, and a specific frequency for each test is suggested. PMID:26034501
Confrontation between Quantized Periods of Some Extra-Solar Planetary Systems and Observations
Morcos, A. B.
2013-01-01
A simple formula, using the quantum numbers of solar system planets and some quantized extra-solar planets, to estimate the periods, is done. The quantum numbers, calculated by other authors, have been used to find the orbital periods of solar system planets and some extra-solar planets. Observed periods have been used to compare them with the estimated periods from the given formula. It is found that the given relation is applicable perfectly for the solar system planets. Some extra-solar p...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Weibing Wang
2007-09-01
Full Text Available We considered a nonautonomous two dimensional predator-prey system with impulsive effect. Conditions for the permanence of the system and for the existence of a unique stable periodic solution are obtained.
Weibing Wang; Jianhua Shen; Nieto, Juan J.
2007-01-01
We considered a nonautonomous two dimensional predator-prey system with impulsive effect. Conditions for the permanence of the system and for the existence of a unique stable periodic solution are obtained.
The virial theorem and exact properties of density functionals for periodic systems
Mirhosseini, H.; Cangi, A.; Baldsiefen, T.; Sanna, A.; Proetto, C. R.; Gross, E.K.U.
2014-01-01
In the framework of density functional theory, scaling and the virial theorem are essential tools for deriving exact properties of density functionals. Preexisting mathematical difficulties in deriving the virial theorem via scaling for periodic systems are resolved via a particular scaling technique. This methodology is employed to derive universal properties of the exchange-correlation energy functional for periodic systems.
Evaluation of electric power distribution systems: period 1984/89
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The historical evolution of electric power distribution systems in Brazil, during 1984 to 1989 is described, showing the consumer market with the physical expansion of Distribution Networks and the results of quality from the services made by the companies to their clients. (C.G.C.)
Quantum mechanics of rapidly and periodically driven systems
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Malay Bandyopadhyay; Sushanta Dattagupta
2008-03-01
This review deals with the dynamics of quantum systems that are subject to high frequency external perturbations. Though the problem may look hopelessly time-dependent, and poised on the extreme opposite side of adiabaticity, there exists a `Kapitza Window' over which the dynamics can be treated in terms of effective time-independent Hamiltonians. The consequent results are important in the context of atomic traps as well as quantum optic properties of atoms in intense and high-frequency electromagnetic fields.
Periodic inspection for safety of CANDU heat transport piping systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
An approach has been developed for the prediction of the risk of failure or the survival of heat transport piping systems in a nuclear power plant. The effects of various inspection schemes on the risk of failure have been investigated and an inspection method proposed. A list of input data required to apply this method to real situations is specified. Using an example of a pressurized pipe containing a defect, it is shown that the required data can be obtained easily
Optimal maintenance policy for a Markovian system under periodic inspection
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This study proposes a state-dependent maintenance policy Ri,j(T,N,?) for a multi-state continuous-time Markovian deteriorating system subject to aging and fatal shocks and with states 0 (new state) i,j(T,N,?), the system is inspected at each kT for k=1,2,3... to identify the current state as, say a, and then do-nothing, repair and replacement are taken immediately according to 0?a?i-1, i?a?j-1 and j?a?L-1, respectively in case i< j. Additionally, the replacement is carried out whenever L occurs due to fatal shocks. This policy includes numerous maintenance policies in the literature as special cases and can be applied quite generally. We then try to determine the optimal i*, j* and T* such that the expected long-run cost rate is minimized. A numerical example is given to evaluate the performance of the policy
Controlling chaos in low and high dimensional systems with periodic parametric perturbations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The effect of applying a periodic perturbation to an accessible parameter of various chaotic systems is examined. Numerical results indicate that perturbation frequencies near the natural frequencies of the unstable periodic orbits of the chaotic systems can result in limit cycles for relatively small perturbations. Such perturbations can also control or significantly reduce the dimension of high-dimensional systems. Initial application to the control of fluctuations in a prototypical magnetic fusion plasma device will be reviewed
Permanence and Positive Periodic Solutions of a Discrete Delay Competitive System
Zhijun Liu; Wenjie Qin
2010-01-01
A discrete time non-autonomous two-species competitive system with delays is proposed, which involves the influence of many generations on the density of species population. Sufficient conditions for permanence of the system are given. When the system is periodic, by using the continuous theorem of coincidence degree theory and constructing a suitable Lyapunov discrete function, sufficient conditions which guarantee the existence and global attractivity of positive periodic solutions are obta...
Stabilization of Periodic Solutions in a Thedered Satellite System by Damping Injection
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Larsen, Martin Birkelund; Blanke, Mogens
2009-01-01
A spacecraft with electrodynamic tether orbiting the Earth will be subject to a periodic forcing term induced by the variation of the magnetic field along the orbit. The periodic forcing term leads to a family of unstable periodic solutions for a tether carrying a constant current. This paper presents a control design for stabilizing these periodic solutions. The design consists of a control law for stabilising the open-loo equibrilibrium and a bias term which forces the system trajectory away from the equilibrium. The tether needs to be positioned away from open-loop equilibrium for the tether to affect the orbit parameters. An approximation of the periodic solutions of the closed loop system is found as a series expansion in the parameter plane spanned by the controller gain and the bias term. The stability of the solutions is investigated using linear Floquet analysis of the variational equation and the region of stable periodic solutions in the parameter plane is found.
The Periodic Solutions of the Compound Singular Fractional Differential System with Delay
XuTing Wei; XuanZhu Lu
2010-01-01
The paper gives sufficient conditions on the existence of periodic solution for a class of compound singular fractional differential systems with delay, involving Nishimoto fractional derivative. Furthermore, for the particular functions, the necessary conditions on the existence of periodic solution are also derived. Especially, for two-dimensional compound singular fractional differential equation with delay, the criteria of existence of periodic solution are obtained. Finally, two examples...
A numerical method for computing time-periodic solutions in dissipative wave systems
Yang, Jianke
2014-01-01
A numerical method is proposed for computing time-periodic and relative time-periodic solutions in dissipative wave systems. In such solutions, the temporal period, and possibly other additional internal parameters such as the propagation constant, are unknown priori and need to be determined along with the solution itself. The main idea of the method is to first express those unknown parameters in terms of the solution through quasi-Rayleigh quotients, so that the resulting...
Dynamic behaviors of the periodic Lotka-Volterra competing system with impulsive perturbations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this paper, we investigate a classical periodic Lotka-Volterra competing system with impulsive perturbations. The conditions for the linear stability of trivial periodic solution and semi-trivial periodic solutions are given by applying Floquet theory of linear periodic impulsive equation, and we also give the conditions for the global stability of these solutions as a consequence of some abstract monotone iterative schemes introduced in this paper, which will be also used to get some sufficient conditions for persistence. By using the method of coincidence degree, the conditions for the existence of at least one strictly positive (componentwise) periodic solution are derived. The theoretical results are confirmed by a specific example and numerical simulations. It shows that the dynamic behaviors of the system we consider are quite different from the corresponding system without pulses
The effect of short recovery period investment on least-cost generation system expansion
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The effect of the short recovery period of private investment on least-cost generation system expansion is analysed, and a trade-off method for generation system expansion, which gives consideration to both the least-cost strategy and the short recovery period of private investment, is presented. First, the optimal mix of generation units under a standard recovery period for all units is established, and then the surcharge, due to the difference between the short recovery period and the standard recovery period, is calculated and shared between all units. The former is an optimization to make best use of natural resources, and the latter is a trade-off method to spread the surcharge throughout the system. (Author)
Self-similarities of periodic structures for a discrete model of a two-gene system
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Souza, S.L.T. de, E-mail: thomaz@ufsj.edu.br [Departamento de Física e Matemática, Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei, Ouro Branco, MG (Brazil); Lima, A.A. [Escola de Farmácia, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Ouro Preto, MG (Brazil); Caldas, I.L. [Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Medrano-T, R.O. [Departamento de Ciências Exatas e da Terra, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Diadema, SP (Brazil); Guimarães-Filho, Z.O. [Aix-Marseille Univ., CNRS PIIM UMR6633, International Institute for Fusion Science, Marseille (France)
2012-03-12
We report self-similar properties of periodic structures remarkably organized in the two-parameter space for a two-gene system, described by two-dimensional symmetric map. The map consists of difference equations derived from the chemical reactions for gene expression and regulation. We characterize the system by using Lyapunov exponents and isoperiodic diagrams identifying periodic windows, denominated Arnold tongues and shrimp-shaped structures. Period-adding sequences are observed for both periodic windows. We also identify Fibonacci-type series and Golden ratio for Arnold tongues, and period multiple-of-three windows for shrimps. -- Highlights: ? The existence of noticeable periodic windows has been reported recently for several nonlinear systems. ? The periodic window distributions appear highly organized in two-parameter space. ? We characterize self-similar properties of Arnold tongues and shrimps for a two-gene model. ? We determine the period of the Arnold tongues recognizing a Fibonacci-type sequence. ? We explore self-similar features of the shrimps identifying multiple period-three structures.
On the genericity of nonvanishing instability intervals in periodic Dirac systems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Schmidt, K.M. (Muenchen Univ. (Germany). Mathematisches Inst.)
1993-09-01
Using Floquet-Lyapunov theory, it is shown that for Baire-almost every periodic potential the Dirac system has all its instability intervals open. Consequently, one-dimensional Dirac operators with periodic potentials generically posses infinitely many spectral gaps. These results also hold true if only even potentials are admitted. (orig.).
Periodic solutions for second-order Hamiltonian systems with the p-Laplacian
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Weigao Ge
2006-10-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we investigate the periodic solutions of Hamiltonian system with the p-Laplacian. By using Mountain Pass Theorem the existence of at least one periodic solution is obtained, Furthermore, under suitable assumptions, we obtain the existence of infinitely many solutions via $Z_2$-symmetric version of the Mountain Pass Theorem.
Periodic solutions for second-order Hamiltonian systems with the p-Laplacian
Weigao Ge; Yu Tian
2006-01-01
In this paper, we investigate the periodic solutions of Hamiltonian system with the p-Laplacian. By using Mountain Pass Theorem the existence of at least one periodic solution is obtained, Furthermore, under suitable assumptions, we obtain the existence of infinitely many solutions via $Z_2$-symmetric version of the Mountain Pass Theorem.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Periodic waves for a system of coupled, higher order nonlinear Schroedinger equations with third order dispersion are established. These periodic waves can be expressed as a single or a product of theta functions. This choice of theta functions as a basis also leads to new solutions of the more familiar coupled nonlinear Schroedinger equations, or the Manakov model
Hopf-pitchfork bifurcation and periodic phenomena in nonlinear financial system with delay
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Highlights: ? We derive the unfolding of a financial system with Hopf-pitchfork bifurcation. ? We show the coexistence of a pair of stable small amplitudes periodic solutions. ? At the same time, also there is a pair of stable large amplitudes periodic solutions. ? Chaos can appear by period-doubling bifurcation far away from Hopf-pitchfork value. ? The study will be useful for interpreting economics phenomena in theory. - Abstract: In this paper, we identify the critical point for a Hopf-pitchfork bifurcation in a nonlinear financial system with delay, and derive the normal form up to third order with their unfolding in original system parameters near the bifurcation point by normal form method and center manifold theory. Furthermore, we analyze its local dynamical behaviors, and show the coexistence of a pair of stable periodic solutions. We also show that there coexist a pair of stable small-amplitude periodic solutions and a pair of stable large-amplitude periodic solutions for different initial values. Finally, we give the bifurcation diagram with numerical illustration, showing that the pair of stable small-amplitude periodic solutions can also exist in a large region of unfolding parameters, and the financial system with delay can exhibit chaos via period-doubling bifurcations as the unfolding parameter values are far away from the critical point of the Hopf-pitchfork bifurcation.
Periodic orbits in magnetic fields and Ricci curvature of Lagrangian systems
Bahri, A.; Taimanov, I. A.
1995-01-01
We consider a periodic problem for the motion of a charged particle in a magnetic field. Introducing a notion of Ricci curvature for such Lagrangian systems and using the methods of the calculus of variations in the large, we prove the existence of periodic motions for such particles under a condition of positivity of the Ricci curvature.
HirofumiMorishita
2013-01-01
Early temporary windows of heightened brain plasticity called critical periods developmentally sculpt neural circuits and contribute to adult behavior. Regulatory mechanisms of visual cortex development –the preeminent model of experience-dependent critical period plasticity- actively limit adult plasticity and have proved fruitful therapeutic targets to reopen plasticity and rewire faulty visual system connections later in life. Interestingly, these molecular mechanisms have been implicated ...
Stochastic period-doubling bifurcation in biharmonic driven Duffing system with random parameter
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Stochastic period-doubling bifurcation is explored in a forced Duffing system with a bounded random parameter as an additional weak harmonic perturbation added to the system. Firstly, the biharmonic driven Duffing system with a random parameter is reduced to its equivalent deterministic one, and then the responses of the stochastic system can be obtained by available effective numerical methods. Finally, numerical simulations show that the phase of the additional weak harmonic perturbation has great influence on the stochastic period-doubling bifurcation in the biharmonic driven Duffing system. It is emphasized that, different from the deterministic biharmonic driven Duffing system, the intensity of random parameter in the Duffing system can also be taken as a bifurcation parameter, which can lead to the stochastic period-doubling bifurcations
Zhigang Liu; Anping Chen; Jinde Cao; Fengde Chen
2004-01-01
By using the continuation theorem of Mawhin's coincidence degree theory, some sufficient conditions are obtained ensuring the existence of multiple positive periodic solutions of a discrete time predator-prey systems with type IV functional responses.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mirus, K.A.
1998-06-01
In this thesis, the possibility of controlling low- and high-dimensional chaotic systems by periodically driving an accessible system parameter is examined. This method has been carried out on several numerical systems and the MST Reversed Field Pinch. The numerical systems investigated include the logistic equation, the Lorenz equations, the Roessler equations, a coupled lattice of logistic equations, a coupled lattice of Lorenz equations, the Yoshida equations, which model tearing mode fluctuations in a plasma, and a neural net model for magnetic fluctuations on MST. This method was tested on the MST by sinusoidally driving a magnetic flux through the toroidal gap of the device. Numerically, periodic drives were found to be most effective at producing limit cycle behavior or significantly reducing the dimension of the system when the perturbation frequency was near natural frequencies of unstable periodic orbits embedded in the attractor of the unperturbed system. Several different unstable periodic orbits have been stabilized in this way for the low-dimensional numerical systems, sometimes with perturbation amplitudes that were less than 5% of the nominal value of the parameter being perturbed. In high-dimensional systems, limit cycle behavior and significant decreases in the system dimension were also achieved using perturbations with frequencies near the natural unstable periodic orbit frequencies. Results for the MST were not this encouraging, most likely because of an insufficient drive amplitude, the extremely high dimension of the plasma behavior, large amounts of noise, and a lack of stationarity in the transient plasma pulses.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this thesis, the possibility of controlling low- and high-dimensional chaotic systems by periodically driving an accessible system parameter is examined. This method has been carried out on several numerical systems and the MST Reversed Field Pinch. The numerical systems investigated include the logistic equation, the Lorenz equations, the Roessler equations, a coupled lattice of logistic equations, a coupled lattice of Lorenz equations, the Yoshida equations, which model tearing mode fluctuations in a plasma, and a neural net model for magnetic fluctuations on MST. This method was tested on the MST by sinusoidally driving a magnetic flux through the toroidal gap of the device. Numerically, periodic drives were found to be most effective at producing limit cycle behavior or significantly reducing the dimension of the system when the perturbation frequency was near natural frequencies of unstable periodic orbits embedded in the attractor of the unperturbed system. Several different unstable periodic orbits have been stabilized in this way for the low-dimensional numerical systems, sometimes with perturbation amplitudes that were less than 5% of the nominal value of the parameter being perturbed. In high-dimensional systems, limit cycle behavior and significant decreases in the system dimension were also achieved using perturbations with frequencies near the natural unstable periodic orbit frequencies. Results for the MST were not this encouraging, most likely because of an insufficient drive amplitude, the extremely high dimension of the plasma behavior, large amounts of noise, and a lack of stationarity in the transient plasma pulses
Saiki, Y
2007-01-01
An infinite number of unstable periodic orbits (UPOs) are embedded in a chaotic system which models some complex phenomenon. Several algorithms which extract UPOs numerically from continuous-time chaotic systems have been proposed. In this article the damped Newton-Raphson-Mees algorithm is reviewed, and some important techniques and remarks concerning the practical numerical computations are exemplified by employing the Lorenz system.
Research on anti-disturbance property of HFETRC period monitoring system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The anti-disturbance problem of the period monitoring system for test reactor critical assembly is mainly discussed and how to judge and search for the interference source using spotting experimental methods starting from the practical engineering without special equipment is introduced. So the electro-magnetic interference is removed. After finding out the reason, four measures are adopted to build up the anti-disturbance ability of the period monitoring system. (authors)
On the ionization of a Keplerian binary system by periodic gravitational radiation
Chicone, C; Retzloff, D G; Chicone, Carmen; Mashhoon, Bahram; Retzloff, David
1996-01-01
The gravitational ionization of a Keplerian binary system via normally incident periodic gravitational radiation of definite helicity is discussed. The periodic orbits of the planar tidal equation are investigated on the basis of degenerate continuation theory. The relevance of the Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser theory to the question of gravitational ionization is elucidated, and it is conjectured that the process of ionization is closely related to the Arnold diffusion of the perturbed system.
Current and fluctuation in a two-state stochastic system under non-adiabatic periodic perturbation
Ohkubo, Jun
2007-01-01
We calculate a current and its fluctuation in a two-state stochastic system under a periodic perturbation. The system could be interpreted as a channel on a cell surface or a single Michaelis-Menten catalyzing enzyme. It has been shown that the periodic perturbation induces so-called pump current, and the pump current and its fluctuation are calculated with the aid of the geometrical phase interpretation. We give a simple calculation recipe for the statistics of the current,...
Statistical properties of periodic orbits in 4-disk billiard system: pruning-proof property
Asamizuya, Takeshi
2005-01-01
Periodic orbit theory for classical hyperbolic system is very significant matter of how we can interpret spectral statistics in terms of semiclassical theory. Although pruning is significant and generic property for almost all hyperbolic systems, pruning-proof property for the correlation among the periodic orbits which gains a resurgence of second term of the random matrix form factor remains open problem. In the light of the semiclassical form factor, our attention is paid...
A general approach to the localization of unstable periodic orbits in chaotic dynamical systems
Schmelcher, P; Diakonos, F. K.
1997-01-01
We present a method to detect the unstable periodic orbits of a multidimensional chaotic dynamical system. Our approach allows us to locate in an efficient way the unstable cycles of, in principle, arbitrary length with a high accuracy. Based on a universal set of linear transformations the originally unstable periodic orbits are transformed into stable ones and can consequently be detected and analyzed easily. This method is applicable to dynamical systems of any dimension ...
The Period-Ratio and Mass-Ratio Correlation in Extra-Solar Multiple Planetary Systems
Jiang, Ing-Guey; Hung, Wen-Liang
2015-01-01
Employing the data from orbital periods and masses of extra-solar planets in 166 multiple planetary systems, the period-ratio and mass-ratio of adjacent planet pairs are studied. The correlation between the period-ratio and mass-ratio is confirmed and found to have a correlation coefficient of 0.5303 with a 99% confidence interval (0.3807, 0.6528). A comparison with the distribution of synthetic samples from a Monte Carlo simulation reveals the imprint of planet-planet interactions on the formation of adjacent planet pairs in multiple planetary systems.
The period-ratio and mass-ratio correlation in extra-solar multiple planetary systems
Jiang, Ing-Guey; Yeh, Li-Chin; Hung, Wen-Liang
2015-04-01
Employing the data from orbital periods and masses of extra-solar planets in 166 multiple planetary systems, the period ratio and mass ratio of adjacent planet pairs are studied. The correlation between the period ratio and mass ratio is confirmed, with a correlation coefficient of 0.5303 with a 99 per cent confidence interval (0.3807, 0.6528). A comparison with the distribution of synthetic samples from a Monte Carlo simulation reveals the imprint of planet-planet interactions on the formation of adjacent planet pairs in multiple planetary systems.
Localization of periodic orbits of the Roessler system under variation of its parameters
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Starkov, Konstantin E. [CITEDI-IPN, Av. del Parque 1310, Mesa de Otay, Tijuana, BC (Mexico)]. E-mail: konst@citedi.mx; Starkov, Konstantin K. [UABC - Campus Tijuana, Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas e Ingenieria, Calzada Tecnologico, Mesa de Otay, Tijuana, BC (Mexico)
2007-08-15
The localization problem of compact invariant sets of the Roessler system is considered in this paper. The main interest is attracted to a localization of periodic orbits. We establish a number of algebraic conditions imposed on parameters under which the Roessler system has no compact invariant sets contained in half-spaces z > 0; z < 0 and in some others. We prove that if parameters (a, b, c) of the Roessler system are such that this system has no equilibrium points then it has no periodic orbits as well. In addition, we give localization conditions of compact invariant sets by using linear functions and one quadratic function.
Periodic orbits and their stability in the Rössler prototype-4 system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
For the Rössler prototype-4 system x.=?y?z, y.=x, z.=?y(1?y)??z we prove the existence of periodic orbits and study their stability or instability. The main tool for proving these results is the averaging theory. Recently the existence of some of these periodic orbits were detected numerically. -- Highlights: ? We deal with the Rössler prototype-4 system x.=?y?z, y.=x, z.=?y(1?y)??z. ? It is one of the simplest autonomous differential equations exhibiting chaos. ? Recently some periodic orbits for this system has been detected numerically. ? We provide an analytical proof of these orbits and study their stability. ? Also we prove the existence of periodic orbits not detected numerically.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A procedure to obtain a near equilibrium phase space distribution function has been derived for beams with space charge effects in a generalized periodic focusing transport channel. The method utilizes the Lie transform perturbation theory to canonically transform to slowly oscillating phase space coordinates. The procedure results in transforming the periodic focusing system to a constant focusing one, where equilibrium distributions can be found. Transforming back to the original phase space coordinates yields an equilibrium distribution function corresponding to a constant focusing system along with perturbations resulting from the periodicity in the focusing. Examples used here include linear and nonlinear alternating gradient focusing systems. It is shown that the nonlinear focusing components can be chosen such that the system is close to integrability. The equilibrium distribution functions are numerically calculated, and their properties associated with the corresponding focusing system are discussed
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rudner, Mark Spencer; Lindner, Netanel; Berg, Erez; Levin, Michael
2013-01-01
Recently, several authors have investigated topological phenomena in periodically driven systems of noninteracting particles. These phenomena are identified through analogies between the Floquet spectra of driven systems and the band structures of static Hamiltonians. Intriguingly, these works have revealed phenomena that cannot be characterized by analogy to the topological classification framework for static systems. In particular, in driven systems in two dimensions (2D), robust chiral edge s...
Shang, Haibin; Wu, Xiaoyu; Cui, Pingyuan
2015-01-01
This paper investigates the periodic motion of a particle in the doubly synchronous binary asteroid systems. Two typical doubly synchronous systems, 809 Lundia and 3169 Ostro, are discussed in detail. Under the Roche figure assumption, the two bodies of doubly synchronous system can be modeled as two triaxial ellipsoids. The Ivory's theorem is used to derive the gravitational potential of the system. Then, a global numerical method, which combines grid searching and differential correction, is developed for systematically searching periodic orbits in the doubly synchronous systems. A total of 30 and 28 families of periodic orbits around Lundia and Ostro are found, respectively. Furthermore, on the basis of the analysis of morphology, stabilities and invariant manifolds, the potential applications of these periodic orbit families are studied. Several quasi-circular orbit families with low instability index are found to be suitable for the observation of the two typical binary systems. The invariant manifolds of some periodic orbits near the equilibrium points can provide the fuel-free trajectories to achieve the ballistic landing to the surface of the asteroids and transfer between the binary asteroids.
Occurrence of periodic Lame functions at bifurcations in chaotic Hamiltonian systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We investigate cascades of isochronous pitchfork bifurcations of straight-line librating orbits in some two-dimensional Hamiltonian systems with mixed phase space. We show that the new bifurcated orbits, which are responsible for the onset of chaos, are given analytically by the periodic solutions of the Lame equation as classified in 1940 by Ince. In Hamiltonians with C2? symmetry, they occur alternatingly as Lame functions of period 2K and 4K, respectively, where 4K is the period of the Jacobi elliptic function appearing in the Lame equation. We also show that the two pairs of orbits created at period-doubling bifurcations of island-chain type are given by two different linear combinations of algebraic Lame functions with period 8K. (author)
Permanence and Positive Periodic Solutions of a Discrete Delay Competitive System
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zhijun Liu
2010-01-01
Full Text Available A discrete time non-autonomous two-species competitive system with delays is proposed, which involves the influence of many generations on the density of species population. Sufficient conditions for permanence of the system are given. When the system is periodic, by using the continuous theorem of coincidence degree theory and constructing a suitable Lyapunov discrete function, sufficient conditions which guarantee the existence and global attractivity of positive periodic solutions are obtained. As an application, examples and their numerical simulations are presented to illustrate the feasibility of our main results.
H2 OPTIMAL CONTROLLERS FOR A LARGE CLASS OF LINEAR STOCHASTIC SYSTEMS WITH PERIODIC COEFFICIENTS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Adrian-Mihail Stoica
2011-07-01
Full Text Available In this paper the H2 type optimization problem for a class of timevarying linear stochastic systems modeled by Ito differential equations and Markovian jumping with periodic coefficients is considered. The main goal of such an optimization problem is to minimize the effect of additive white noise perturbations on a suitable output of the controlled system. It is assumed that only an output is available for measurements.The solution of the considered optimization problem is constructed via the stabilizing solutions of some suitable systems of generalized Riccati differential equations with periodic coefficients.
Different types of nonlinear localized and periodic waves in an erbium-doped fiber system
Ren, Yang; Yang, Zhan-Ying; Liu, Chong; Yang, Wen-Li
2015-12-01
We study nonlinear waves on a plane-wave background in an erbium-doped fiber system, which is governed by the coupled nonlinear Schrödinger and the Maxwell-Bloch equations. We find that prolific different types of nonlinear localized and periodic waves do exist in the system, including multi-peak soliton, periodic wave, antidark soliton, and W-shaped soliton (as well as the known bright soliton, breather, and rogue wave). In particular, the dynamics of these waves can be extracted from a unified exact solution, and the corresponding existence conditions are presented explicitly. Our results demonstrate the structural diversity of the nonlinear waves in this system.
Local electric dipole moments for periodic systems via density functional theory embedding
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We describe a novel approach for the calculation of local electric dipole moments for periodic systems. Since the position operator is ill-defined in periodic systems, maximally localized Wannier functions based on the Berry-phase approach are usually employed for the evaluation of local contributions to the total electric dipole moment of the system. We propose an alternative approach: within a subsystem-density functional theory based embedding scheme, subset electric dipole moments are derived without any additional localization procedure, both for hybrid and non-hybrid exchange–correlation functionals. This opens the way to a computationally efficient evaluation of local electric dipole moments in (molecular) periodic systems as well as their rigorous splitting into atomic electric dipole moments. As examples, Infrared spectra of liquid ethylene carbonate and dimethyl carbonate are presented, which are commonly employed as solvents in Lithium ion batteries
Local electric dipole moments for periodic systems via density functional theory embedding
Luber, Sandra
2014-12-01
We describe a novel approach for the calculation of local electric dipole moments for periodic systems. Since the position operator is ill-defined in periodic systems, maximally localized Wannier functions based on the Berry-phase approach are usually employed for the evaluation of local contributions to the total electric dipole moment of the system. We propose an alternative approach: within a subsystem-density functional theory based embedding scheme, subset electric dipole moments are derived without any additional localization procedure, both for hybrid and non-hybrid exchange-correlation functionals. This opens the way to a computationally efficient evaluation of local electric dipole moments in (molecular) periodic systems as well as their rigorous splitting into atomic electric dipole moments. As examples, Infrared spectra of liquid ethylene carbonate and dimethyl carbonate are presented, which are commonly employed as solvents in Lithium ion batteries.
Existence of positive periodic solution of mutualism system with several delays
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wu Haihui [College of Mathematics and Computer Science, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350002 (China); Department of Computer Science and Technology, Sunshine College, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350002 (China); Xia Yonghui [College of Mathematics and Computer Science, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350002 (China)], E-mail: yhxia@fzu.edu.cn; Lin Muren [College of Mathematics and Computer Science, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350002 (China)
2008-04-15
In this paper, by using Mawhin coincidence degree, some sufficient conditions are obtained for the global existence of positive periodic solutions of a mutualism systems with bounded and unbounded delays. Our results generalize significantly improve those of Gopalsamy and He [Gopalsamy K, He XZ. Persistence, attractivity, and delay in facultative mutualism. J Math Anal Appl 1997;215:154-73], Yang et al. [Yang F, Jiang D, Ying A. Existence of positive solution of multidelays facultative mutualism system. J Eng Math 2002;3:64-8], Chen et al. [Chen FD, Shi JL, Chen XX. Periodicity in Lotka-Volterra facultative mutualism system with several delays. J Eng Math 2004;21(3)] and Xia and Lin [Xia YH, Lin M, Existence of positive periodic solution of mutualism system with infinite delays. Ann Diff Eqs 2005;21(3):448-53].
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xuan Li
2009-01-01
Full Text Available This study investigates the problem of integrity against actuator failures for networked control systems under variable-period sampling. Assuming that the distance between any two consecutive sampling instants is less than a given bound, by using the input delay approach, the networked control systems under variable-period sampling are transformed into the continuous-time networked control systems under time-varying delays. Then the existence conditions of guaranteed cost fault-tolerant control law is testified in terms of the Lyapunov stability theory combined with Linear Matrix Inequalities (LMIs. Furthermore, the guaranteed cost fault-tolerant controller gain and the minimization guaranteed cost can be obtained by solving a minimization problem. A numerical simulation example demonstrates the conclusions are feasible and effective. The proposed control method resolves the problems of variable-period sampling and actuator failures, which meets the requirements in industrial networked control systems.
Local electric dipole moments for periodic systems via density functional theory embedding
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Luber, Sandra, E-mail: sandra.luber@chem.uzh.ch [Institut für Chemie, Universität Zürich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zürich (Switzerland)
2014-12-21
We describe a novel approach for the calculation of local electric dipole moments for periodic systems. Since the position operator is ill-defined in periodic systems, maximally localized Wannier functions based on the Berry-phase approach are usually employed for the evaluation of local contributions to the total electric dipole moment of the system. We propose an alternative approach: within a subsystem-density functional theory based embedding scheme, subset electric dipole moments are derived without any additional localization procedure, both for hybrid and non-hybrid exchange–correlation functionals. This opens the way to a computationally efficient evaluation of local electric dipole moments in (molecular) periodic systems as well as their rigorous splitting into atomic electric dipole moments. As examples, Infrared spectra of liquid ethylene carbonate and dimethyl carbonate are presented, which are commonly employed as solvents in Lithium ion batteries.
Stabilizing periodic orbits of chaotic systems using fuzzy adaptive sliding mode control
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this paper by using a combination of fuzzy identification and the sliding mode control a fuzzy adaptive sliding mode scheme is designed to stabilize the unstable periodic orbits of chaotic systems. The chaotic system is assumed to have an affine form x(n) = f(X) + g(X)u where f and g are unknown functions. Using only the input-output data obtained from the underlying dynamical system, two fuzzy systems are constructed for identification of f and g. Two distinct methods are utilized for fuzzy modeling, the least squares and the gradient descent techniques. Based on the estimated fuzzy models, an adaptive controller, which works through the sliding mode control, is designed to make the system track the desired unstable periodic orbits. The stability analysis of the overall closed loop system is presented in the paper and the effectiveness of the proposed adaptive scheme is numerically investigated. As a case of study, modified Duffing system is selected for applying the proposed method to stabilize its 2? and 4? periodic orbits. Simulation results show the high performance of the method for stabilizing the unstable periodic orbits of unknown chaotic systems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhao Hongyong [Department of Mathematics, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016 (China)]. E-mail: hongyongz@126.com; Ding Nan [Department of Mathematics, Xinjiang Normal University, Urumqi 830054 (China)
2006-07-15
In this paper, Lotka-Volterra competition-predator system with variable delays is considered. Some sufficient conditions ensuring the existence and global attractivity of periodic solution for this system are obtained by using coincidence degree theory and Lyapunov functional method. An example is also worked out to demonstrate the advantages of our results.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
S. G. Hristova
2006-01-01
Full Text Available The method of generalized quasilinearization for the system of nonlinear impulsive differential equations with periodic boundary conditions is studied. As a byproduct, the result for the system without impulses can be obtained, which is a new result as well.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this paper, Lotka-Volterra competition-predator system with variable delays is considered. Some sufficient conditions ensuring the existence and global attractivity of periodic solution for this system are obtained by using coincidence degree theory and Lyapunov functional method. An example is also worked out to demonstrate the advantages of our results
Periodic solutions of certain third order nonlinear differential systems with delay
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This paper investigates the existence of 2?-periodic solutions of systems of third-order nonlinear differential equations, with delay, under varied assumptions. The results obtained extend earlier works of Tejumola and generalize to third order systems those of Conti, Iannacci and Nkashama as well as DePascale and Iannacci and Iannacci and Nkashama. 16 refs
Global chaos in a periodically forced, linear system with a dead-zone restoring force
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The Poincare mapping and the corresponding mapping sections for global motions in a linear system possessing a dead-zone restoring force are introduced through switching planes pertaining to two constraints. The global periodic motions based on the Poincare mapping are determined, and the eigenvalue analysis for the stability and bifurcation of periodic motion is carried out. Global chaos in such a system is investigated numerically from the unstable global periodic motions analytically determined. The bifurcation scenario with varying parameters is presented. The mapping structures of periodic and chaotic motions are discussed. The Poincare mapping sections for global chaos are given for illustration. The grazing phenomenon embedded in chaotic motion is observed in this investigation
The Period-Ratio and Mass-Ratio Correlation in Extra-Solar Multiple Planetary Systems
Jiang, Ing-Guey; Yeh, Li-Chin; Hung, Wen-Liang
2015-01-01
Employing the data from orbital periods and masses of extra-solar planets in 166 multiple planetary systems, the period-ratio and mass-ratio of adjacent planet pairs are studied. The correlation between the period-ratio and mass-ratio is confirmed and found to have a correlation coefficient of 0.5303 with a 99% confidence interval (0.3807, 0.6528). A comparison with the distribution of synthetic samples from a Monte Carlo simulation reveals the imprint of planet-planet inter...
Jung, Soyeun
2012-01-01
In the previous paper \\cite{J1}, we established pointwise bounds for the Green function of the linearized equation associated with spatially periodic traveling waves $\\bar u$ of a system of reaction diffusion equations, and also obtained pointwise nonlinear stability and behavior of $\\bar u$ under small perturbations. In this paper, using periodic resolvent kernels and the Bloch-decomposition, we establish pointwise bounds for the Green function of the linearized equation as...
The analog channel periodic test of protect system in Qinshan second nuclear power plant
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The thesis introduced the essentiality and principle of the analog channel periodic test of protect system (for short the T1 periodic test hereinafter) in Qinshan Nuclear Power Phase II, including the composing of the T1 test unit, and summarized the trouble during the unit debugging and commercial operation.At the same time,it points out the analysis and solving measures to the trouble. There is positive meaning to lower the risk in later work in nuclear power plant. (authors)
DMFT study of the local correlation effects in quasi-periodic system
Takemori, Nayuta; Koga, Akihisa
2015-03-01
We study a two-dimensional Hubbard model on a Penrose lattice by means of the real-space dynamical mean-field theory. Calculating the renormalization factor and density of states at each site, we discuss local electron correlations on the quasi-periodic structure. It is found that the renormalized metallic state appears near the Mott transition in the Penrose lattice system. We also address a spatially-dependent renormalization characteristic of the quasi-periodic lattice.
Existence and global stability of positive periodic solutions of a discrete delay competition system
Wan-Tong Li; Hai-Feng Huo
2003-01-01
The existence and the global stability of positive periodic solutions of a discrete competition model is studied. The model incorporates time delays and allows for a fluctuating environment. By means of some standard procedures of the topological degree method and the construction of a suitable Lyapunov function, sufficient conditions are obtained to ensure the existence and the global stability of positive periodic solutions of the above systems.
RICE, D; Barone, S.
2000-01-01
Vulnerable periods during the development of the nervous system are sensitive to environmental insults because they are dependent on the temporal and regional emergence of critical developmental processes (i.e., proliferation, migration, differentiation, synaptogenesis, myelination, and apoptosis). Evidence from numerous sources demonstrates that neural development extends from the embryonic period through adolescence. In general, the sequence of events is comparable among species, although t...
DISK-PLANETS INTERACTIONS AND THE DIVERSITY OF PERIOD RATIOS IN KEPLER'S MULTI-PLANETARY SYSTEMS
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The Kepler mission is dramatically increasing the number of planets known in multi-planetary systems. Many adjacent planets have orbital period ratios near resonant values, with a tendency to be larger than required for exact first-order mean-motion resonances. This feature has been shown to be a natural outcome of orbital circularization of resonant planetary pairs due to star-planet tidal interactions. However, this feature holds in multi-planetary systems with periods longer than 10 days, in which tidal circularization is unlikely to provide efficient divergent evolution of the planets' orbits to explain these orbital period ratios. Gravitational interactions between planets and their parent protoplanetary disk may instead provide efficient divergent evolution. For a planet pair embedded in a disk, we show that interactions between a planet and the wake of its companion can reverse convergent migration and significantly increase the period ratio from a near-resonant value. Divergent evolution due to wake-planet interactions is particularly efficient when at least one of the planets opens a partial gap around its orbit. This mechanism could help account for the diversity of period ratios in Kepler's multiple systems from super-Earth to sub-Jovian planets with periods greater than about 10 days. Diversity is also expected for pairs of planets massive enough to merge their gap. The efficiency of wake-planet interactions is then much reduced, but convergent migration may stall with a variety of period ratios depending on the density structure in the common gap. This is illustrated for the Kepler-46 system, for which we reproduce the period ratio of Kepler-46b and c
Kunder, Andrea; Stetson, Peter B; Bono, Giuseppe; Nemec, James M; de Propris, Roberto; Monelli, Matteo; Cassisi, Santi; Andreuzzi, Gloria; Dall'Ora, Massimo; Di Cecco, Alessandra; Zoccali, Manuela
2010-01-01
We present period change rates (dP/dt) for 42 RR Lyrae variables in the globular cluster IC$\\,$4499. Despite clear evidence of these period increases or decreases, the observed period change rates are an order of magnitude larger than predicted from theoretical models of this cluster. We find there is a preference for increasing periods, a phenomenon observed in most RR Lyrae stars in Milky Way globular clusters. The period-change rates as a function of position in the period-amplitude plane are used to examine possible evolutionary effects in OoI clusters, OoII clusters, field RR Lyrae stars and the mixed-population cluster $\\omega$~ Centauri. It is found that there is no correlation between the period change rate and the typical definition of Oosterhoff groups. If the RR Lyrae period changes correspond with evolutionary effects, this would be in contrast to the hypothesis that RR Lyrae variables in OoII systems are evolved HB stars that spent their ZAHB phase on the blue side of the instability strip. This ...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We present period change rates (dP/dt) for 42 RR Lyrae variables in the globular cluster IC 4499. Despite clear evidence of these period increases or decreases, the observed period change rates are an order of magnitude larger than predicted from theoretical models of this cluster. We find that there is a preference for increasing periods, a phenomenon observed in most RR Lyrae stars in Milky Way globular clusters. The period change rates as a function of position in the period-amplitude plane are used to examine possible evolutionary effects in OoI clusters, OoII clusters, field RR Lyrae stars, and the mixed-population cluster ? Centauri. It is found that there is no correlation between the period change rate and the typical definition of Oosterhoff groups. If the RR Lyrae period changes correspond with evolutionary effects, this would be in contrast to the hypothesis that RR Lyrae variables in OoII systems are evolved horizontal-branch stars that spent their zero-age horizontal-branch phase on the blue side of the instability strip. This may suggest that age may not be the primary explanation for the Oosterhoff types.
Kunder, Andrea; Walker, Alistair; Stetson, Peter B.; Bono, Giuseppe; Nemec, James M.; de Propris, Roberto; Monelli, Matteo; Cassisi, Santi; Andreuzzi, Gloria; Dall'Ora, Massimo; Di Cecco, Alessandra; Zoccali, Manuela
2011-01-01
We present period change rates (dP/dt) for 42 RR Lyrae variables in the globular cluster IC 4499. Despite clear evidence of these period increases or decreases, the observed period change rates are an order of magnitude larger than predicted from theoretical models of this cluster. We find that there is a preference for increasing periods, a phenomenon observed in most RR Lyrae stars in Milky Way globular clusters. The period change rates as a function of position in the period-amplitude plane are used to examine possible evolutionary effects in OoI clusters, OoII clusters, field RR Lyrae stars, and the mixed-population cluster ? Centauri. It is found that there is no correlation between the period change rate and the typical definition of Oosterhoff groups. If the RR Lyrae period changes correspond with evolutionary effects, this would be in contrast to the hypothesis that RR Lyrae variables in OoII systems are evolved horizontal-branch stars that spent their zero-age horizontal-branch phase on the blue side of the instability strip. This may suggest that age may not be the primary explanation for the Oosterhoff types. Based in part on observations made with the European Southern Observatory telescopes obtained from the ESO/ST-ECF Science Archive Facility.
The effect of volatile bubble growth rate on the periodic dynamics of shallow volcanic systems
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
I. L'Heureux
2010-04-01
Full Text Available Many volcanic eruptions exhibit periodic behavior. For instance, periodic ground inflations and deflations in proximity to a volcano are the consequences of periodic overpressure variations in the magma conduit and periodic magma flow rate. The period varies from a few hours to many years, depending on the volcano parameters. On the other hand, volatile components exsolve from an ascending magma by forming bubbles. The strong dependence of the melt viscosity with the volatile concentration generates a positive feedback on the magma flow. We consider here the effect of the growth of volatile bubbles on the dynamics of a magmatic flow in a shallow volcanic system. Various expressions for the bubble growth rate are treated, thus generalizing previous work. In particular, a growth rate law derived from a recent many-bubble theory is considered. It is seen that, for a range of flow rate values at the base of the magma conduit, the system undergoes a Hopf bifurcation. Periodic solutions compatible with the observations are generated. This work shows that measurements of volcanic activity have the potential to test various bubble growth models in magmatic systems.
Stochastic period-doubling bifurcation analysis of a Roessler system with a bounded random parameter
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This paper aims to study the stochastic period-doubling bifurcation of the three-dimensional Roessler system with an arch-like bounded random parameter. First, we transform the stochastic Roessler system into its equivalent deterministic one in the sense of minimal residual error by the Chebyshev polynomial approximation method. Then, we explore the dynamical behaviour of the stochastic Roessler system through its equivalent deterministic system by numerical simulations. The numerical results show that some stochastic period-doubling bifurcation, akin to the conventional one in the deterministic case, may also appear in the stochastic Roessler system. In addition, we also examine the influence of the random parameter intensity on bifurcation phenomena in the stochastic Roessler system. (general)
Classical and Quantum Transport in One-Dimensional Periodically Kicked Systems
Dana, Itzhack
2013-01-01
This paper is a brief review of classical and quantum transport phenomena, as well as related spectral properties, exhibited by one-dimensional periodically kicked systems. Two representative and fundamentally different classes of systems will be considered, those satisfying the classical Kolmogorov-Arnol'd-Moser scenario and those which not. The experimental realization of some of these systems using atom-optics methods will be mentioned.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Y. Saiki
2007-09-01
Full Text Available An infinite number of unstable periodic orbits (UPOs are embedded in a chaotic system which models some complex phenomenon. Several algorithms which extract UPOs numerically from continuous-time chaotic systems have been proposed. In this article the damped Newton-Raphson-Mees algorithm is reviewed, and some important techniques and remarks concerning the practical numerical computations are exemplified by employing the Lorenz system.
Onset of Secular Chaos in Planetary Systems: Period Doubling & Strange Attractors
Batygin, Konstantin; Morbidelli, Alessandro
2011-01-01
As a result of resonance overlap, planetary systems can exhibit chaotic motion. Planetary chaos has been studied extensively in the Hamiltonian framework, however, the presence of chaotic motion in systems where dissipative effects are important, has not been thoroughly investigated. Here, we study the onset of stochastic motion in presence of dissipation, in the context of classical perturbation theory, and show that planetary systems approach chaos via a period-doubling ro...
Periodic response of nonlinear dynamical system with large number of degrees of freedom
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
B P Patel; S M Ibrahim; Y Nath
2009-12-01
In this paper, a methodology based on shooting technique and Newmark's time integration scheme is proposed for predicting the periodic responses of nonlinear systems directly from solution of second order equations of motion without transforming to double ?rst order equations. The proposed methodology is quite suitable for systems with large number of degrees of freedom such as the banded system of equations from ?nite element discretization.
Modal Vibration Control in Periodic Time-Varying Structures with Focus on Rotor-Blade Systems
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Christensen, Rene Hardam; Santos, Ilmar
2003-01-01
The demands for high efficiency machines initiate a demand for monitoring and active control of vibrations to improve machinery performance and to prolong machinery lifetime. Applying active control to reduce vibrations in flexible bladed rotor-systems imply that several difficulties have to be overcome. Among others it is necessary, that the control scheme is capable to cope with non-linear time-varying dynamical system behaviour. However, rotating at constant speed the mathematical model becomes periodic time-variant. In this framework the present paper gives a contribution to design procedures of active modal controllers. The main aim is to reduce vibrations in periodic time-varying structures. Special emphasis is given to vibration control of coupled bladed rotor systems. A state feedback modal control law is developed based on modal analysis in periodic time-varying structures. The first step in the procedure is a transformation of the model into a time-invariant modal form by applying the modal matrices, which are also periodic time-variant. Due to coupled rotor and blade motions complex vibration modes occur in the modal transformed state space model. This implies that the modal transformed model is reformulated using complex mode theory. Next, a linear constant gain controller for the reformulated system is designed by linear control technique. Finally, this constant gain controller is transformed to a time-periodic form by applying reverse modal transformation. The non-measurable states are estimated using a periodic time-varying state observer designed by a methodology similar to the controller design. Furthermore, the modal matrices are used to analyse the controllability of the system in order to determine optimal actuator placement in the system. For this the modal transform technique is a very effective tool. The control design methodology is applied to a coupled rotor-blade system to demonstrate the efficiency of such a procedure. A simulation model for the system is formulated and a time-periodic modal controller is designed using the described methodology. Simulation results are provided to demonstrate the applicability and effectiveness of the technique. The results obtained shows that the control design technique is capable to cope with the time periodicity of this class of systems.
Modal Vibration Control in Periodic Time-Varying Structures with Focus on Rotor Blade Systems
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Christensen, Rene Hardam; Santos, Ilmar
2004-01-01
The demands for high efficiency machines initiate a demand for monitoring and active control of vibrations to improve machinery performance and to prolong machinery lifetime. Applying active control to reduce vibrations in flexible bladed rotor-systems imply that several difficulties have to be overcome. Among others it is necessary, that the control scheme is capable to cope with non-linear time-varying dynamical system behaviour. However, rotating at constant speed the mathematical model becomes periodic time-variant. In this framework the present paper gives a contribution to design procedures of active modal controllers. The main aim is to reduce vibrations in periodic time-varying structures. Special emphasis is given to vibration control of coupled bladed rotor systems. A state feedback modal control law is developed based on modal analysis in periodic time-varying structures. The first step in the procedure is a transformation of the model into a time-invariant modal form by applying the modal matrices, which are also periodic time-variant. Due to coupled rotor and blade motions complex vibration modes occur in the modal transformed state space model. This implies that the modal transformed model is reformulated using complex mode theory. Next, a linear constant gain controller for the reformulated system is designed by linear control technique. Finally, this constant gain controller is transformed to a time-periodic form by applying reverse modal transformation. The non-measurable states are estimated using a periodic time-varying state observer designed by a methodology similar to the controller design. Furthermore, the modal matrices are used to analyse the controllability of the system in order to determine optimal actuator placement in the system. For this the modal transform technique is a very effective tool. The control design methodology is applied to a coupled rotor-blade system to demonstrate the efficiency of such a procedure. A simulation model for the system is formulated and a time-periodic modal controller is designed using the described methodology. Simulation results are provided to demonstrate the applicability and effectiveness of the technique. The results obtained shows that the control design technique is capable to cope with the time periodicity of this class of systems.
Water Recovery System Design to Accommodate Dormant Periods for Manned Missions
Tabb, David; Carter, Layne
2015-01-01
Future manned missions beyond lower Earth orbit may include intermittent periods of extended dormancy. Under the NASA Advanced Exploration System (AES) project, NASA personnel evaluated the viability of the ISS Water Recovery System (WRS) to support such a mission. The mission requirement includes the capability for life support systems to support crew activity, followed by a dormant period of up to one year, and subsequently for the life support systems to come back online for additional crewed missions. Dormancy could be a critical issue due to concerns with microbial growth or chemical degradation that might prevent water systems from operating properly when the crewed mission began. As such, it is critical that the water systems be designed to accommodate this dormant period. This paper details the results of this evaluation, which include identification of dormancy issues, results of testing performed to assess microbial stability of pretreated urine during dormancy periods, and concepts for updating to the WRS architecture and operational concepts that will enable the ISS WRS to support the dormancy requirement.
Pseudo-parity–time symmetry in periodically high-frequency driven systems: perturbative analysis
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We investigate the periodically modulated two-level systems with balanced gain and loss by means of a multiple-scale asymptotic analysis. The pseudo-parity–time symmetry (2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 110 243902), which is often neglected in exact numerical simulations and totally lost in the commonly used high-frequency averaging approximation, has been fully understood in the framework of the second-order perturbative theory. Our work indicates that the multiple-scale asymptotic expansion method can be used to predict precisely some subtle and important dynamical behaviors in periodically driven systems. (paper)
Periodic orbit theory for the continuum of general mixed-dynamical systems
Kaidel, J; Brack, M
2003-01-01
We present a semiclassical method to determine the spectral density in the continuum region of general mixed-dynamical systems without restriction to asymptotically vanishing potentials. The spectral density is written in terms of the complex eigenvalues corresponding to the resonances and approximated semiclassically by a trace formula in terms of classical periodic orbits. Applying our method to the well-known two-dimensional H\\'enon-Heiles system, we find that the inclusion of unstable as well as stable, but {\\it real} periodic orbits is sufficient to reproduce the coarse-grained quantum-mechanical results with high accuracy.
Stellar rotation--planetary orbit period commensurability in the HAT-P-11 system
Béky, Bence; Kipping, David M; Noyes, Robert W
2014-01-01
A number of planet-host stars have been observed to rotate with a period equal to an integer multiple of the orbital period of their close planet. We expand this list by analyzing Kepler data of HAT-P-11 and finding a period ratio of 6:1. In particular, we present evidence for a long-lived spot on the stellar surface that is eclipsed by the planet in the same position four times, every sixth transit. We also identify minima in the out-of-transit lightcurve and confirm that their phase with respect to the stellar rotation is mostly stationary for the 48-month timeframe of the observations, confirming the proposed rotation period. For comparison, we apply our methods to Kepler-17 and confirm the findings of Bonomo & Lanza (2012) that the period ratio is not exactly 8:1 in that system. Finally, we provide a hypothesis on how interactions between a star and its planet could possibly result in an observed commensurability for systems where the stellar differential rotation profile happens to include a period a...
Stellar rotation-planetary orbit period commensurability in the HAT-P-11 system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A number of planet host stars have been observed to rotate with a period equal to an integer multiple of the orbital period of their close planet. We expand this list by analyzing Kepler data of HAT-P-11 and finding a period ratio of 6:1. In particular, we present evidence for a long-lived spot on the stellar surface that is eclipsed by the planet in the same position four times, every sixth transit. We also identify minima in the out-of-transit light curve and confirm that their phase with respect to the stellar rotation is mostly stationary for the 48 month time frame of the observations, confirming the proposed rotation period. For comparison, we apply our methods to Kepler-17 and confirm the findings of Bonomo and Lanza that the period ratio is not exactly 8:1 in that system. Finally, we provide a hypothesis on how interactions between a star and its planet could possibly result in an observed commensurability for systems where the stellar differential rotation profile happens to include a period at some latitude that is commensurable to the planetary orbit.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
McWilliams, T.P.; Martz, H.F.
1981-01-01
This paper incorporates the effects of four types of human error in a model for determining the optimal time between periodic inspections which maximizes the steady state availability for standby safety systems. Such safety systems are characteristic of nuclear power plant operations. The system is modeled by means of an infinite state-space Markov chain. Purpose of the paper is to demonstrate techniques for computing steady-state availability A and the optimal periodic inspection interval tau* for the system. The model can be used to investigate the effects of human error probabilities on optimal availability, study the benefits of annunciating the standby-system, and to determine optimal inspection intervals. Several examples which are representative of nuclear power plant applications are presented.
Periodic orbit analysis of a system with continuous symmetry—A tutorial
Budanur, Nazmi Burak; Borrero-Echeverry, Daniel; Cvitanovi?, Predrag
2015-07-01
Dynamical systems with translational or rotational symmetry arise frequently in studies of spatially extended physical systems, such as Navier-Stokes flows on periodic domains. In these cases, it is natural to express the state of the fluid in terms of a Fourier series truncated to a finite number of modes. Here, we study a 4-dimensional model with chaotic dynamics and SO(2) symmetry similar to those that appear in fluid dynamics problems. A crucial step in the analysis of such a system is symmetry reduction. We use the model to illustrate different symmetry-reduction techniques. The system's relative equilibria are conveniently determined by rewriting the dynamics in terms of a symmetry-invariant polynomial basis. However, for the analysis of its chaotic dynamics, the "method of slices," which is applicable to very high-dimensional problems, is preferable. We show that a Poincaré section taken on the "slice" can be used to further reduce this flow to what is for all practical purposes a unimodal map. This enables us to systematically determine all relative periodic orbits and their symbolic dynamics up to any desired period. We then present cycle averaging formulas adequate for systems with continuous symmetry and use them to compute dynamical averages using relative periodic orbits. The convergence of such computations is discussed.
Periodic orbit analysis of a system with continuous symmetry--A tutorial.
Budanur, Nazmi Burak; Borrero-Echeverry, Daniel; Cvitanovi?, Predrag
2015-07-01
Dynamical systems with translational or rotational symmetry arise frequently in studies of spatially extended physical systems, such as Navier-Stokes flows on periodic domains. In these cases, it is natural to express the state of the fluid in terms of a Fourier series truncated to a finite number of modes. Here, we study a 4-dimensional model with chaotic dynamics and SO(2) symmetry similar to those that appear in fluid dynamics problems. A crucial step in the analysis of such a system is symmetry reduction. We use the model to illustrate different symmetry-reduction techniques. The system's relative equilibria are conveniently determined by rewriting the dynamics in terms of a symmetry-invariant polynomial basis. However, for the analysis of its chaotic dynamics, the "method of slices," which is applicable to very high-dimensional problems, is preferable. We show that a Poincaré section taken on the "slice" can be used to further reduce this flow to what is for all practical purposes a unimodal map. This enables us to systematically determine all relative periodic orbits and their symbolic dynamics up to any desired period. We then present cycle averaging formulas adequate for systems with continuous symmetry and use them to compute dynamical averages using relative periodic orbits. The convergence of such computations is discussed. PMID:26232963
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this paper, the Exp-function method is used to obtain generalized solitonary solutions and periodic solutions of the Generalized Zakharov system and (2 + 1)-dimensional Nizhnik-Novikov-Veselov system. It is shown that the Exp-function method, with the help of symbolic computation, provides a powerful mathematical tool for solving nonlinear evolution equations in mathematical physics.
Multi-Period Optimization for Voltage Control System in Transmission Grids
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Qin, Nan; Chen, Si
2015-01-01
Automatic Voltage Control (AVC) systems maintain the voltage in an acceptable range and minimize the power loss of the grid by coordinately regulating the controllable components. Switchable shunts and tap-able transformers are expected to be operated as few times as possible. This paper proposes a two-level, multi-period optimal reactive power flow approach. In the upper level, the real-time measurements and short-term forecasts are used as the inputs of the multi-period optimization for one hour with 15 minutes intervals, to minimize the operational cost, subjected to a certain constraints. In the lower level, the optimization is focused on the correction of the voltage violations every single minute based on data from the measurements and state estimation. The presented case study shows that the multi-period optimization in the upper level of AVC system can reduce adjustment times of the discrete components for saving the total operational cost.
Control of stochastic resonance in bistable systems by using periodic signals
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
According to the characteristic structure of double wells in bistable systems, this paper analyses stochastic fluctuations in the single potential well and probability transitions between the two potential wells and proposes a method of controlling stochastic resonance by using a periodic signal. Results of theoretical analysis and numerical simulation show that the phenomenon of stochastic resonance happens when the time scales of the periodic signal and the noise-induced probability transitions between the two potential wells achieve stochastic synchronization. By adding a bistable system with a controllable periodic signal, fluctuations in the single potential well can be effectively controlled, thus affecting the probability transitions between the two potential wells. In this way, an effective control can be achieved which allows one to either enhance or realize stochastic resonance
Nonlinearity and periodic solution of a standard-beam balance oscillation system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We present the motion equation of the standard-beam balance oscillation system, whose beam and suspensions, compared with the compound pendulum, are connected flexibly and vertically. The nonlinearity and the periodic solution of the equation are discussed by the phase-plane analysis. We find that this kind of oscillation can be equivalent to a standard-beam compound pendulum without suspensions; however, the equivalent mass centre of the standard beam is extended. The derived periodic solution shows that the oscillation period is tightly related to the initial pivot energy and several systemic parameters: beam length, masses of the beam, and suspensions, and the beam mass centre. A numerical example is calculated. (electromagnetism, optics, acoustics, heat transfer, classical mechanics, and fluid dynamics)
Can The Periods of Some Extra-Solar Planetary Systems be Quantized?
El Fady Morcos, Abd
A simple formula was derived before by Morcos (2013 ), to relate the quantum numbers of planetary systems and their periods. This formula is applicable perfectly for the solar system planets, and some extra-solar planets , of stars of approximately the same masses like the Sun. This formula has been used to estimate the periods of some extra-solar planet of known quantum numbers. The used quantum numbers were calculated previously by other authors. A comparison between the observed and estimated periods, from the given formula has been done. The differences between the observed and calculated periods for the extra-solar systems have been calculated and tabulated. It is found that there is an error of the range of 10% The same formula has been also used to find the quantum numbers, of some known periods, exo-planet. Keywords: Quantization; Periods; Extra-Planetary; Extra-Solar Planet REFERENCES [1] Agnese, A. G. and Festa, R. “Discretization on the Cosmic Scale Inspirred from the Old Quantum Mechanics,” 1998. http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/9807186 [2] Agnese, A. G. and Festa, R. “Discretizing ups-Andro- medae Planetary System,” 1999. http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/9910534. [3] Barnothy, J. M. “The Stability of the Solar Systemand of Small Stellar Systems,” Proceedings of the IAU Sympo-sium 62, Warsaw, 5-8 September 1973, pp. 23-31. [4] Morcos, A.B. , “Confrontation between Quantized Periods of Some Extra-Solar Planetary Systems and Observations”, International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 2013, 3, 28-32. [5] Nottale, L. “Fractal Space-Time and Microphysics, To-wards a Theory of Scale Relativity,” World Scientific, London, 1994. [6] Nottale , L., “Scale-Relativity and Quantization of Extra- Solar Planetary Systems,” Astronomy & Astrophysics, Vol. 315, 1996, pp. L9-L12 [7] Nottale, L., Schumacher, G. and Gay, J. “Scale-Relativity and Quantization of the Solar Systems,” Astronomy & Astrophysics letters, Vol. 322, 1997, pp. 1018-10 [8]Nottale, L. “Scale-Relativity and Quantization of Exo- planet Orbital Semi-Major Axes,” Astronomy & Astro- physics, Vol. 361, 2000, pp. 379-387.
Global Clock, Physical Time Order and Pending Period Analysis in Multiprocessor Systems
Chen, Yunji; Hu, Weiwu
2009-01-01
In multiprocessor systems, various problems are treated with Lamport's logical clock and the resultant logical time orders between operations. However, one often needs to face the high complexities caused by the lack of logical time order information in practice. In this paper, we utilize the \\emph{global clock} to infuse the so-called \\emph{pending period} to each operation in a multiprocessor system, where the pending period is a time interval that contains the performed time of the operation. Further, we define the \\emph{physical time order} for any two operations with disjoint pending periods. The physical time order is obeyed by any real execution in multiprocessor systems due to that it is part of the truly happened operation orders restricted by global clock, and it is then proven to be independent and consistent with traditional logical time orders. The above novel yet fundamental concepts enables new effective approaches for analyzing multiprocessor systems, which are named \\emph{pending period analy...
Gravitational ionization periodic orbits of binary systems perturbed by gravitational radiation
Chicone, C; Retzloff, D G
1995-01-01
The long term perturbation of a Newtonian binary system by an incident gravitational wave is discussed in connection with the issue of gravitational ionization. The periodic orbits of the planar tidal equation are investigated and the conditions for their existence are presented. The possibility of ionization of a Keplerian orbit via gravitational radiation is discussed.
A New Method for Studying the Periodic System Based on a Kohonen Neural Network
Chen, David Zhekai
2010-01-01
A new method for studying the periodic system is described based on the combination of a Kohonen neural network and a set of chemical and physical properties. The classification results are directly shown in a two-dimensional map and easy to interpret. This is one of the major advantages of this approach over other methods reported in the…
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Domoshnitsky, A.; Hakl, Robert; Šremr, Ji?í
2012-01-01
Ro?. 112, May 22 (2012), s. 1-23. ISSN 1025-5834 Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : periodic problem * linear functional differential system * non-negative solution Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 0.879, year: 2010 http://www.journalofinequalitiesandapplications.com/content/2012/1/112
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Mukhigulashvili, Sulkhan
2006-01-01
Ro?. 87, ?. 2 (2006), s. 255-260. ISSN 0003-889X Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10190503 Keywords : system of functional differential equations * monotone operator * periodic problem Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 0.341, year: 2006
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bian-Xia Yang
2013-05-01
Full Text Available In this article, we consider the existence and multiplicity of positive periodic solutions for a first-order singular system with impulse effects. The proof of our main result is based on Krasnoselskii's fixed point theorem in a cone.
Gravitational Ionization: Periodic Orbits of Binary Systems Perturbed by Gravitational Radiation
Chicone, C.; Mashhoon, B.; Retzloff, D.
1995-01-01
The long term perturbation of a Newtonian binary system by an incident gravitational wave is discussed in connection with the issue of gravitational ionization. The periodic orbits of the planar tidal equation are investigated and the conditions for their existence are presented. The possibility of ionization of a Keplerian orbit via gravitational radiation is discussed.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Highlights: • A more practical form of harvesting management policy (DHP) has been proposed. • We analyze the periodic dynamics of a class of discontinuous and delayed Lotka–Volterra competition systems. • We present a new method to obtain the existence of positive periodic solutions via differential inclusions. • The global convergence in measure of harvesting solution is discussed. -- Abstract: This paper considers a general class of delayed Lotka–Volterra competition systems where the harvesting policies are modeled by discontinuous functions or by non-Lipschitz functions. By means of differential inclusions theory, cone expansion and compression fixed point theorem of multi-valued maps and nonsmooth analysis theory with generalized Lyapunov approach, a series of useful criteria on existence, uniqueness and global asymptotic stability of the positive periodic solution is established for the delayed Lotka–Volterra competition systems with discontinuous right-hand sides. Moreover, the global convergence in measure of harvesting solution is discussed. Our results improve and extend previous works on periodic dynamics of delayed Lotka–Volterra competition systems with not only continuous or even Lipschitz continuous but also discontinuous harvesting functions. Finally, we give some corollaries and numerical examples to show the applicability and effectiveness of the proposed criteria
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xinggui Liu
2011-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper, by using Mawhin's continuation theorem of coincidence degree theory, we establish the existence of at least four positive periodic solutions for a discrete time Lotka-Volterra competitive system with harvesting terms. An example is given to illustrate the effectiveness of our results.
Sturm intersection theory for periodic Jacobi matrices and linear Hamiltonian systems
Schulz-Baldes, Hermann
2011-01-01
Sturm-Liouville oscillation theory for periodic Jacobi operators with matrix entries is discussed and illustrated. The proof simplifies and clarifies the use of intersection theory of Bott, Maslov and Conley-Zehnder. It is shown that the eigenvalue problem for linear Hamiltonian systems can be dealt with by the same approach.
Infrared photometry of the RS CVn short-period systems - XY UMa and WY Cnc
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Infrared J and K light curves of two RS CVn short-period systems, XY UMa and WY Cnc, are presented. Both systems show similar variability in the infrared to that observed in the visual. From the colors an infrared excess is inferred for the primary component of both systems. A new determination of their geometrical elements is presented and the resulting parameters are compared to those previously obtained from visible photometry. The light curves show peculiarities that may indicate the presence of gas streams in the systems. 27 refs
The critical period of reservoir systems considering performance indices on Malaysia rivers
Issa Saket Oskoui; Rozi Abdullah; Majid Montaseri
2014-01-01
The behavior of reservoir systems can be investigated using Critical Period (CP) which determines the aggregation level of the data (monthly or annual) that are required to be utilized in the reservoir analysis. Currently there are a number of methods that could approximate the behavior of reservoir systems, however the efficiency of these approaches have not been studied and verified for the Malaysia Rivers. In this study two different hypothetical reservoirs on Malaysia Rivers are selected...
Uniform exponential stability of linear periodic systems in a Banach space
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
David N. Cheban
2001-01-01
Full Text Available This article is devoted to the study of linear periodic dynamical systems, possessing the property of uniform exponential stability. It is proved that if the Cauchy operator of these systems possesses a certain compactness property, then the asymptotic stability implies the uniform exponential stability. We also show applications to different classes of linear evolution equations, such as ordinary linear differential equations in the space of Banach, retarded and neutral functional differential equations, some classes of evolution partial differential equations.
Periodic solutions of o.d.e. systems with a lipchitz non linearity
Rousselet, Bernard
2011-01-01
In this report, we address differential systems with Lipschitz non linearities; this study is motivated by the subject of vibrations of structures with unilateral springs or non linear stress-strain law close to the linear case. We consider existence and solution with fixed point methods; this method is constructive and provides a numerical algorithm which is under study. We describe the method for a static case example and we address periodic solutions of differential systems arising in the vibration of structures.
'Calculation chemistry' of the heavy elements; comparison with elements of the 7th period
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Increasing deviations from Mendeleev-type periodicity of chemical properties is predicted for elements as their atomic number exceeds 100. Relativistic Dirac-Fock calculations indicate that the periodicity of electronic binding energies of elements becomes increasingly 'non-monotonic' as Z increases. Changes in electronic levels include: increasing binding of s and psub(1/2) electrons, decreased binding of psub(3/2) electrons, increased radial extension and lowered ionization energies of d orbitals vs. s. Evidence is cited that such changes are already observable in known elements, particularly those of the seventh period. Prediction of aqueous valences for the trans-lawrencium elements is made. The first ionization of elements 103 to 112 involves, in every case, removal of 6d electrons rather than 7s. Ready removal of psub(3/2) electrons, breaking the rare gas shell of 119+, should allow valences greater than one of this 'alkali metal'. (author)
Orbital periods of cataclysmic variables identified by the SDSS. VII. Four new eclipsing systems
Southworth, John; Gansicke, B T; Pyrzas, S
2009-01-01
We present photometry of nine cataclysmic variable stars identified by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, aimed at measuring the orbital periods of these systems. Four of these objects show deep eclipses, from which we measure their orbital periods. The light curves of three of the eclipsing systems are also analysed using the LCURVE code, and their mass ratios and orbital inclinations determined. SDSS J075059.97+141150.1 has an orbital period of 134.1564 +/- 0.0008 min, making it a useful object with which to investigate the evolutionary processes of cataclysmic variables. SDSS J092444.48+080150.9 has a period of 131.2432 +/- 0.0014 min and is probably magnetic. The white dwarf ingress and egress phases are very deep and short, and there is no clear evidence that this object has an accretion disc. SDSS J115207.00+404947.8 and SDSS J152419.33+220920.1 are nearly identical twins, with periods of 97.5 +/- 0.4 and 93.6 +/- 0.5 min and mass ratios of 0.14 +/- 0.03 and 0.17 +/- 0.03, respectively. Their eclipses have w...
Zhou, B.; Thouverez, F.; Lenoir, D.
2015-12-01
Quasi-periodic responses arise from various nonlinear dynamic systems under a single-frequency excitation. A variable-coefficient harmonic balance method is proposed for the prediction of quasi-periodic responses. The key point of this method is that the quasi-periodic response is described as a truncated trigonometric series with time-periodic Fourier coefficients. In other words, quasi-periodic responses are treated in a "cascade" of frequency base. Harmonic terms in the nonlinear system are separated and balanced with respect to each basic frequency. Numerical examples reveal that this method is efficient in predicting such quasi-periodic responses, which contain an unknown frequency component.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rudner, Mark Spencer; Lindner, Netanel
2013-01-01
Recently, several authors have investigated topological phenomena in periodically driven systems of noninteracting particles. These phenomena are identified through analogies between the Floquet spectra of driven systems and the band structures of static Hamiltonians. Intriguingly, these works have revealed phenomena that cannot be characterized by analogy to the topological classification framework for static systems. In particular, in driven systems in two dimensions (2D), robust chiral edge states can appear even though the Chern numbers of all the bulk Floquet bands are zero. Here, we elucidate the crucial distinctions between static and driven 2D systems, and construct a new topological invariant that yields the correct edge-state structure in the driven case. We provide formulations in both the time and frequency domains, which afford additional insight into the origins of the “anomalous” spectra that arise in driven systems. Possibilities for realizing these phenomena in solid-state and cold-atomic systems are discussed.
Time-periodic solutions in an Einstein AdS-massless-scalar-field system.
Maliborski, Maciej; Rostworowski, Andrzej
2013-08-01
We construct time-periodic solutions for a system of a self-gravitating massless scalar field, with a negative cosmological constant, in d+1 spacetime dimensions at spherical symmetry, both perturbatively and numerically. We estimate the convergence radius of the formally obtained perturbative series and argue that it is greater then zero. Moreover, this estimate coincides with the boundary of the convergence domain of our numerical method and the threshold for the black-hole formation. Then we confirm our results with a direct numerical evolution. This also gives strong evidence for the nonlinear stability of the constructed time-periodic solutions. PMID:23952381
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this paper, the continuous time random walk on the circle is studied. We derive the corresponding generalized master equation and discuss the effects of topology, especially important when Levy flights are allowed. Then, we work out the fluid limit equation, formulated in terms of the periodic version of the fractional Riemann-Liouville operators, for which we provide explicit expressions. Finally, we compute the propagator in some simple cases. The analysis presented herein should be relevant when investigating anomalous transport phenomena in systems with periodic dimensions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The set of the unstable periodic space-time states, characterizing the chaotic space-time dynamics of the electron beam with the supercritical current in the Pierce diode is discussed. The Lyapunov indicators of the revealed instable space-time states of the chaotic dynamics of the distributed self-excited system are calculated. It is shown that change in the set of the unstable periodic states in dependence on the Pierce parameter is determined by change in the various orbits stability, which is demonstrated by the values of senior Lyapunov unstable state index
Multi-Period Optimization for Voltage Control System in Transmission Grids
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Qin, Nan; Chen, Si; Liu, Chengxi; Abildgaard, Hans; Bak, Claus Leth; Chen, Zhe
2015-01-01
Automatic Voltage Control (AVC) systems maintain the voltage in an acceptable range and minimize the power loss of the grid by coordinately regulating the controllable components. Switchable shunts and tap-able transformers are expected to be operated as few times as possible. This paper proposes a two-level, multi-period optimal reactive power flow approach. In the upper level, the real-time measurements and short-term forecasts are used as the inputs of the multi-period optimization for one ho...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
HirofumiMorishita
2013-11-01
Full Text Available Early temporary windows of heightened brain plasticity called critical periods developmentally sculpt neural circuits and contribute to adult behavior. Regulatory mechanisms of visual cortex development –the preeminent model of experience-dependent critical period plasticity- actively limit adult plasticity and have proved fruitful therapeutic targets to reopen plasticity and rewire faulty visual system connections later in life. Interestingly, these molecular mechanisms have been implicated in the regulation of plasticity in other functions beyond vision. Applying mechanistic understandings of critical period plasticity in the visual cortex to fear circuitry may provide a conceptual framework for developing novel therapeutic tools to mitigate aberrant fear responses in post traumatic stress disorder. In this review, we turn to the model of experience-dependent visual plasticity to provide novel insights for the mechanisms regulating plasticity in the fear system. Fear circuitry, particularly fear memory erasure, also undergoes age-related changes in experience-dependent plasticity. We consider the contributions of molecular brakes that halt visual critical period plasticity to circuitry underlying fear memory erasure. A major molecular brake in the visual cortex, perineuronal net formation, recently has been identified in the development of fear systems that are resilient to fear memory erasure. The roles of other molecular brakes, myelin-related Nogo receptor signaling and Lynx family proteins– endogenous inhibitors for nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, are explored in the context of fear memory plasticity. Such fear plasticity regulators, including epigenetic effects, provide promising targets for therapeutic interventions.
Nabel, Elisa M; Morishita, Hirofumi
2013-01-01
Early temporary windows of heightened brain plasticity called critical periods developmentally sculpt neural circuits and contribute to adult behavior. Regulatory mechanisms of visual cortex development - the preeminent model of experience-dependent critical period plasticity-actively limit adult plasticity and have proved fruitful therapeutic targets to reopen plasticity and rewire faulty visual system connections later in life. Interestingly, these molecular mechanisms have been implicated in the regulation of plasticity in other functions beyond vision. Applying mechanistic understandings of critical period plasticity in the visual cortex to fear circuitry may provide a conceptual framework for developing novel therapeutic tools to mitigate aberrant fear responses in post traumatic stress disorder. In this review, we turn to the model of experience-dependent visual plasticity to provide novel insights for the mechanisms regulating plasticity in the fear system. Fear circuitry, particularly fear memory erasure, also undergoes age-related changes in experience-dependent plasticity. We consider the contributions of molecular brakes that halt visual critical period plasticity to circuitry underlying fear memory erasure. A major molecular brake in the visual cortex, perineuronal net formation, recently has been identified in the development of fear systems that are resilient to fear memory erasure. The roles of other molecular brakes, myelin-related Nogo receptor signaling and Lynx family proteins - endogenous inhibitors for nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, are explored in the context of fear memory plasticity. Such fear plasticity regulators, including epigenetic effects, provide promising targets for therapeutic interventions. PMID:24273519
Chaotic dynamics of one-dimensional systems with periodic boundary conditions
Kumar, Pankaj; Miller, Bruce N.
2014-12-01
We provide appropriate tools for the analysis of dynamics and chaos for one-dimensional systems with periodic boundary conditions. Our approach allows for the investigation of the dependence of the largest Lyapunov exponent on various initial conditions of the system. The method employs an effective approach for defining the phase-space distance appropriate for systems with periodic boundaries and allows for an unambiguous test-orbit rescaling in the phase space required to calculate the Lyapunov exponents. We elucidate our technique by applying it to investigate the chaotic dynamics of a one-dimensional plasma with periodic boundaries. Exact analytic expressions are derived for the electric field and potential using Ewald sums, thereby making it possible to follow the time evolution of the plasma in simulations without any special treatment of the boundary. By employing a set of event-driven algorithms, we calculate the largest Lyapunov exponent, the radial distribution function, and the pressure by following the evolution of the system in phase space without resorting to numerical manipulation of the equations of motion. Simulation results are presented and analyzed for the one-dimensional plasma with a view to examining the dynamical and chaotic behavior exhibited by small and large versions of the system.
Chaotic dynamics of one-dimensional systems with periodic boundary conditions.
Kumar, Pankaj; Miller, Bruce N
2014-12-01
We provide appropriate tools for the analysis of dynamics and chaos for one-dimensional systems with periodic boundary conditions. Our approach allows for the investigation of the dependence of the largest Lyapunov exponent on various initial conditions of the system. The method employs an effective approach for defining the phase-space distance appropriate for systems with periodic boundaries and allows for an unambiguous test-orbit rescaling in the phase space required to calculate the Lyapunov exponents. We elucidate our technique by applying it to investigate the chaotic dynamics of a one-dimensional plasma with periodic boundaries. Exact analytic expressions are derived for the electric field and potential using Ewald sums, thereby making it possible to follow the time evolution of the plasma in simulations without any special treatment of the boundary. By employing a set of event-driven algorithms, we calculate the largest Lyapunov exponent, the radial distribution function, and the pressure by following the evolution of the system in phase space without resorting to numerical manipulation of the equations of motion. Simulation results are presented and analyzed for the one-dimensional plasma with a view to examining the dynamical and chaotic behavior exhibited by small and large versions of the system. PMID:25615175
Periodic and chaotic synchronizations of two distinct dynamical systems under sinusoidal constraints
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Highlights: ? Function synchronization of distinct dynamical systems. ? Synchronization onset and vanishing. ? Invariant sets of synchronization. ? Discontinuous dynamical systems. ? Synchronizations of pendulum and Duffing oscillator. - Abstract: In this paper, periodic and chaotic synchronizations between two distinct dynamical systems under specific constraints are investigated from the theory of discontinuous dynamical systems. The analytical conditions for the sinusoidal synchronization of the pendulum and Duffing oscillator were obtained, and the invariant domain of sinusoidal synchronization is achieved. From analytical conditions, the control parameter map is developed. Numerical illustrations for partial and full sinusoidal synchronizations of chaotic and periodic motions of the controlled pendulum with the Duffing oscillator are carried out. This paper presents how to apply the theory of discontinuous dynamical systems to dynamical system synchronization with specific constraints. The function synchronization of two distinct dynamical systems with specific constraints should be identified only by G-functions. The significance of function synchronization of distinct dynamical systems is to make the synchronicity behaviors hidden, which is very useful for telecommunication synchronization and network security.
Dimitrov, Dinko
2015-01-01
We carried out photometric and low-resolution spectral observations of six eclipsing ultrashort-period binaries with MS components. The light curve solutions of the Rozhen observations show that all targets are overcontact systems. We found well-defined empirical relation "period -- semi-major axis" for the short-period binaries and used it for estimation of the global parameters of the targets. Our results revealed that NSVS 925605 is quite interesting target: (a) it is one of a few contact binaries with M components; (b) it exhibits high activity (emission in H$\\alpha$ line, X-ray emission, large cool spots, non-Planck energy distribution); (c) its components differ in temperature by 700 K. All appearances of high magnetic activity and huge fillout factor (0.7) of NSVS 925605 might be assumed as a precursor of the predicted merging of close magnetic binaries. Another unusual binary is NSVS 2700153 which reveals considerable long-term variability.
Oliver Sacks in Mendeleev's Garden
Marshall, James L.
2003-08-01
After returning to New York, Oliver Sacks sent to us a preprint of Uncle Tungsten, which we had the pleasure of perusing for a whole year before publication. After the events of September 11, 2001, my wife and I anxiously awaited word that he was all right. We were relieved—and honored—when in early December we received an autographed copy of Uncle Tungsten (3). We will always treasure Oliver Sacks’s book, his remarkable story of chemistry, and our friendship with him.
Uniform exponential stability of linear almost periodic systems in Banach spaces
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
David N. Cheban
2000-04-01
Full Text Available This article is devoted to the study linear non-autonomous dynamical systems possessing the property of uniform exponential stability. We prove that if the Cauchy operator of these systems possesses a certain compactness property, then the uniform asymptotic stability implies the uniform exponential stability. For recurrent (almost periodic systems this result is precised. We also show application for different classes of linear evolution equations: ordinary linear differential equations in a Banach space, retarded and neutral functional differential equations, and some classes of evolution partial differential equations.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Stochastic resonance (SR) of a periodically driven time-delayed linear system with multiplicative white noise and periodically modulated additive white noise is investigated. In the condition of small delay time, an approximate analytical expression of output signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is obtained. The analytical results indicate that (1) there exists a resonance peak in the curve for SNR versus time delay; (2) the time delay will suspend the SR dramatically for SNR versus other parameters of the system, such as noise intensity, correlation intensity, and signal frequency, once a certain value is reached, the SR phenomenon disappears. (general)
Jiang, Linqiao; Qian, Shengbang; Zhang, Jia; Liu, Nianping
2015-10-01
New photometry of two different seasons for the extremely short period eclipsing binary 1SWASP J075102.16+342405.3 were performed. The two sets of derived light curves show a large difference in their shape, i.e., the 2013 light curves show big asymmetry, whereas the 2014 light curve is almost symmetric. All light curves were analysed using the 2013 version of the Wilson-Devinney (W-D) code. The obtained solutions show that 1SWASP J075102.16+342405.3 is of the A subtype W UMa contact system with an extremely high fill-out of f ? 96% and a high mass ratio of 0.70-0.78. Furthermore, a third light contributing to the total flux of the system was found. All these properties make the system a very special short-period source. The analysis of the 2013 light curves proved that the changes in the light curve shape are caused by magnetic activities. By means of all available times of minimum light, the variation of the orbital period was studied. It was found that the O - C diagram implies an increasing orbital period over a time span of eight years, which may be caused by the mass transfer from the less massive component to the more massive one; however, we are more inclined to say that it is only a part of a long period cyclic variation which can be explained by the light-travel time effect (LTTE) via the third body.
Spacecraft stability and control using new techniques for periodic and time-delayed systems
NAzari, Morad
This dissertation addresses various problems in spacecraft stability and control using specialized theoretical and numerical techniques for time-periodic and time-delayed systems. First, the effects of energy dissipation are considered in the dual-spin spacecraft, where the damper masses in the platform (?) and the rotor (?) cause energy loss in the system. Floquet theory is employed to obtain stability charts for different relative spin rates of the subsystem [special characters omitted] with respect to the subsystem [special characters omitted]. Further, the stability and bifurcation of delayed feedback spin stabilization of a rigid spacecraft is investigated. The spin is stabilized about the principal axis of the intermediate moment of inertia using a simple delayed feedback control law. In particular, linear stability is analyzed via the exponential-polynomial characteristic equations and then the method of multiple scales is used to obtain the normal form of the Hopf bifurcation. Next, the dynamics of a rigid spacecraft with nonlinear delayed multi-actuator feedback control are studied, where a nonlinear feedback controller using an inverse dynamics approach is sought for the controlled system to have the desired linear delayed closed-loop dynamics (CLD). Later, three linear state feedback control strategies based on Chebyshev spectral collocation and the Lyapunov Floquet transformation (LFT) are explored for regulation control of linear periodic time delayed systems. First , a delayed feedback control law with discrete delay is implemented and the stability of the closed-loop response is investigated in the parameter space of available control gains using infinite-dimensional Floquet theory. Second, the delay differential equation (DDE) is discretized into a large set of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) using the Chebyshev spectral continuous time approximation (CSCTA) and delayed feedback with distributed delay is applied. The third strategy involves use of both CSCTA and the reduced Lyapunov Floquet transformation (RLFT) in order to design a non-delayed feedback control law. The delayed Mathieu equation is used as an illustrative example in which the closed-loop response and control effort are compared for all three control strategies. Finally, three example applications of control of time-periodic astrodynamic systems, i.e. formation flying control for an elliptic Keplerian chief orbit, body-fixed hovering control over a tumbling asteroid, and stationkeeping in Earth-Moon L1 halo orbits, are shown using versions of the control strategies introduced above. These applications employ a mixture of feedforward and non-delayed periodic-gain state feedback for tracking control of natural and non-natural motions in these systems. A major conclusion is that control effort is minimized by employing periodic-gain (rather than constant-gain) feedback control in such systems.
The effect of traffic light on accident probability in open and periodic boundaries system
Mhirech, Abdelaziz; Alaoui-Ismaili, Assia
2015-09-01
In this paper we numerically study the dependence of car accident probability Pac, per site and per time step on cycle time T of traffic light, both in open and periodic boundaries system. In this study one traffic light is placed in the middle of the system. This work is based on Nagel and Schreckenberg (NaSch) model (Nagel and Schreckenberg (1992)) in parallel dynamics. The Pac dependence on T and the (?, ?) phase diagrams are established. ? and ? are the injecting and extracting rates of cars in the traffic lane respectively. The increase of the cycle time light T causes an important decrease of the accident probability Pac both in the open and periodic cases.
A Hamiltonian-free description of single particle dynamics for hopelessly complex periodic systems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Forest, E. (Exploratory Studies Group, Accelerator and Fusion Research Division, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, MS 47-112, Berkeley, California 94720 (USA))
1990-05-01
A picture of periodic systems that does not rely on the Hamiltonian of the system, but on maps between a finite number of time locations, is developed. Moser or Deprit-like normalizations are done directly on the maps, thereby avoiding the complex time-dependent theory. Linear and nonlinear Floquet variables are redefined entirely in terms of maps. This approach relies heavily on the Lie representation of maps introduced by Dragt and Finn (J. Math. Phys. {bold 20}, 2649 (1979); J. Geophys. Res. {bold 81}, 13 (1976)). One might say that although the Hamiltonian is not used in the normalization transformation, Lie operators are used, which are themselves, in some sense, pseudo-Hamiltonians for the maps they represent. The techniques find application in accelerator dynamics or in any field where the Hamiltonian is periodic, but hopelessly complex, such as magnetic field design in stellarators.
A Hamiltonian-Free Description of Single Particle Dynamics for Hopelessly Complex Periodic Systems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Forest, E.
1990-01-01
We develop a picture of periodic systems which does not rely on the Hamiltonian of the system but on maps between a finite number of time locations. Moser or Deprit-like normalizations are done directly on the maps thereby avoiding the complex time-dependent theory. We redefine linear and nonlinear Floquet variables entirely in terms of maps. This approach relies heavily on the Lie representation of maps introduced by Dragt and Finn. One might say that although we do not use the Hamiltonian in the normalization transformation, we are using Lie operators which are themselves, in some sense, pseudo-Hamiltonians for the maps they represent. Our techniques find application in accelerator dynamics or in any field where the Hamiltonian is periodic but hopelessly complex, such as magnetic field design in stellarators.
Reverse resonance in stock prices of financial system with periodic information
Li, Jiang-Cheng; Mei, Dong-Cheng
2013-07-01
We investigate the stochastic resonance of the stock prices in a finance system with the Heston model. The extrinsic and intrinsic periodic information are introduced into the stochastic differential equations of the Heston model for stock price by focusing on the signal power amplification (SPA). We find that for both cases of extrinsic and intrinsic periodic information a phenomenon of reverse resonance emerges in the behaviors of SPA as a function of the system and external driving parameters. Moreover, in both cases, a phenomenon of double reverse resonance is observed in the behavior of SPA versus the amplitude of volatility fluctuations, by increasing the cross correlation between the noise sources in the Heston model.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Whereever non self-reporting faults have to be considered, (periodic) tests belong to the more important measures of reliability assurance. Although a general theory is still missing, the desired statements on mean time between failures and mean down time can be made for the important special case of exponential distribution of system's life. As examples the 1-out of-2- and the 2-out of-3-systems are treated extensively. (orig.)
Stochastic long term modelling of a drainage system with estimation of return period uncertainty
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Thorndahl, Søren
2009-01-01
Long term prediction of maximum water levels and combined sewer overflow (CSO) in drainage systems are associated with large uncertainties. Especially on rainfall inputs, parameters, and assessment of return periods. This paper proposes a Monte Carlo based methodology for stochastic prediction of both maximum water levels as well as CSO volumes based on operations of the urban drainage model MOUSE (Lindberg and Joergensen 1986) in a single catchment case study. Results show quite a wide confiden...
Time-periodic solutions to the full Navier–Stokes–Fourier system.
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Feireisl, Eduard; Mucha, P.; Novotný, A.; Pokorný, M.
2012-01-01
Ro?. 204, ?. 3 (2012), s. 745-786. ISSN 0003-9527 R&D Projects: GA ?R GA201/09/0917; GA MŠk LC06052 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10190503 Keywords : compressible Navier–Stokes–Fourier system * time-periodic solution * weak solution Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 2.292, year: 2012 http://www.springerlink.com/content/3t5r85w616158561/
Infinite servers queue systems busy period - a practical case on logistics problems solving
Filipe, J. A.; Ferreira, Manuel Alberto M.
2015-01-01
In this paper it is exemplified how the busy period of an infinite servers queue is applied to the equipments failures management. With this model it is possible to obtain system performance measures and also to contribute to solve organizing structures’ problems, by minimizing the risks of the organizations inoperative structures, with considerable logistics pernicious consequences for companies and often also for the regions where the companies are inserted
Taking the pulse of the shortest orbital period binary system RX J0806.3+1527
Israel, G. L.; Covino, S.; Dall'Osso, S.; Fugazza, D.; Mouche, C. W.; Stella, L.; Campana, S.; Mangano, V; Marconi, G.; Bagnulo, S.; Munari, U.
2004-01-01
RX J0806.3+1527 is thought to be a 321s orbital period (the shortest known) double white dwarf binary system. According to the double degenerate binary (DDB) scenario this source is expected to be one of the strongest gravitational wave (GW) emitter candidates. In the last years RX J0806.3+1527 has been studied in great details, through multiwavelength observational campaigns and from the point of view of data analysis result interpretations. We present here the timing resul...
Phase velocity and phase diffusion in periodically driven discrete state systems
Prager, T.; Schimansky-Geier, L.
2005-01-01
We develop a theory to calculate the effective phase diffusion coefficient and the mean phase velocity in periodically driven stochastic models with two discrete states. This theory is applied to a dichotomically driven Markovian two state system. Explicit expressions for the mean phase velocity, the effective phase diffusion coefficient and the P\\'eclet number are analytically calculated. The latter shows as a measure of phase-coherence forced synchronization of the stochas...
On stability zones for discrete-time periodic linear Hamiltonian systems
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
R?svan Vladimir
2006-01-01
Full Text Available The main purpose of the paper is to give discrete-time counterpart for some strong (robust stability results concerning periodic linear Hamiltonian systems. In the continuous-time version, these results go back to Liapunov and ?ukovskii; their deep generalizations are due to Kre?n, Gel'fand, and Jakubovi? and obtaining the discrete version is not an easy task since not all results migrate mutatis-mutandis from continuous time to discrete time, that is, from ordinary differential to difference equations. Throughout the paper, the theory of the stability zones is performed for scalar (2nd-order canonical systems. Using the characteristic function, the study of the stability zones is made in connection with the characteristic numbers of the periodic and skew-periodic boundary value problems for the canonical system. The multiplier motion ("traffic" on the unit circle of the complex plane is analyzed and, in the same context, the Liapunov estimate for the central zone is given in the discrete-time case.
The Effects of Systemic Banking Crises in the Inter-War Period
Rocha, Bruno; Solomou, Solomos
2015-01-01
This paper examines the time-profile of the impact of systemic banking crises on GDP and industrial production using a panel of 24 countries over the inter-war period and compares this to the post-war experience of these countries. We show that banking crises have effects that induce medium-term adjustments on economies. Focusing on an eight-year horizon, it is clear that the negative effects of systemic banking crises last over the entirety of this time-horizon. The effect has been identifie...
Calculation of electron density of periodic systems using non-orthogonal localised orbitals
Kantorovich, L; Kantorovich, Lev; Danyliv, Oleh
2004-01-01
Methods for calculating an electron density of a periodic crystal constructed using non-orthogonal localised orbitals are discussed. We demonstrate that an existing method based on the matrix expansion of the inverse of the overlap matrix into a power series can only be used when the orbitals are highly localised (e.g. ionic systems). In other cases including covalent crystals or those with an intermediate type of chemical bonding this method may be either numerically inefficient or fail altogether. Instead, we suggest an exact and numerically efficient method which can be used for orbitals of practically arbitrary localisation. Theory is illustrated by numerical calculations on a model system.
Periodic and quasi-periodic motions of a solar sail close to SL 1 in the Earth-Sun system
Farrés, Ariadna; Jorba, Àngel
2010-06-01
Solar sails are a proposed form of spacecraft propulsion using large membrane mirrors to propel a satellite taking advantage of the solar radiation pressure. To model the dynamics of a solar sail we have considered the Earth-Sun Restricted Three Body Problem including the Solar radiation pressure (RTBPS). This model has a 2D surface of equilibrium points parametrised by the two angles that define the sail orientation. In this paper we study the non-linear dynamics close to an equilibrium point, with special interest in the bounded motion. We focus on the region of equilibria close to SL 1, a collinear equilibrium point that lies between the Earth and the Sun when the sail is perpendicular to the Sun-sail direction. For different fixed sail orientations we find families of planar, vertical and Halo-type orbits. We have also computed the centre manifold around different equilibria and used it to describe the quasi-periodic motion around them. We also show how the geometry of the phase space varies with the sail orientation. These kind of studies can be very useful for future mission applications.
Minimisation of Non-periodic Preventive Maintenance Cost in Series-Parallel Systems
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Te-Wei Lin
2011-01-01
Full Text Available A new method to optimise the non-periodic preventive maintenance model of a series-parallel system is proposed. A two-stage algorithm that incorporates the failure limit policy to determine maintenance components, maintenance times, and total maintenance cost is suggested. When the reliability of the system reaches a threshold value, preventive maintenance is performed. The first stage identifies the parallel subsystem required to be maintained, while the second stage determines the component required to be maintained in the parallel sub-system. A unit-cost life index (UCL has been developed to evaluate the extent to which maintaining a component extends the life of a system for the parallel subsystem. Three simulated cases demonstrate the effectiveness and the practicality of the proposed method in optimising the non-periodic preventive maintenance model of a series-parallel system.Defence Science Journal, 2011, 61(1, pp.44-50, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.61.61
Inventory of thermal solar energy systems in the Netherlands: Period 1975-1992
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
An overview is given of the number of active thermal solar energy systems that have been installed in the Netherlands during the period 1975-1992. By the end of 1992, 8,300 systems have been installed, of which 6,000 were domestic solar hot water systems. The uncertainty in these figures is 10%. Several sources were used to determine the number of systems installed. The two main sources were the files of the solar industry association 'Holland Solar' (data until 1988), and the Dutch subsidy administrator 'Senter' for data from 1988 up to and including 1992. At the end of 1992 preparations were made for the installation of approximately 3,000 domestic solar water heaters in 1993. It is recommended to carry out an inventory every three months and to compile data on investment costs. 17 figs., 7 appendices
Hayashi, K; Hayashi, Kumiko; Sasa, Sin-ichi
2004-01-01
We theoretically study Langevin systems with a tilted periodic potential. It has been known that the ratio $\\Theta$ of the diffusion constant to the differential mobility is not equal to the temperature of the environment (multiplied by the Boltzmann constant), except in the linear response regime, where the fluctuation dissipation theorem holds. In order to elucidate the physical meaning of $\\Theta$ far from equilibrium, we analyze a modulated system with a slowly varying potential. We derive a large scale description of the probability density for the modulated system by use of a perturbation method. The expressions we obtain show that $\\Theta$ plays the role of the temperature in the large scale description of the system and that $\\Theta$ can be determined directly in experiments, without measurements of the diffusion constant and the differential mobility.
Residual currents in a multiple-inlet system and the conundrum of the tidal period
Duran-Matute, Matias; Gerkema, Theo
2015-04-01
In multiple-inlet systems, one may find that, on average, flood dominates in some inlets, while ebb dominates in others. In that case, there is a residual flow through the system, i.e. there is a net flow if one integrates over a tidal period. Conceptually, this seems straightforward. However, to measure such a residual flow presents several difficulties. First, one needs to cover the entire cross-sections of all the inlets over a year or longer to take into account the variability due to wind. Second, the residual flow is usually much smaller than the tidal prisms and hence more uncertain in view of error bars. Third, the duration of 'the' tidal period when calculating a tidally averaged flow is not well defined. Should one take the time between alternate slack tides, or between consecutive high (or low) waters, or other options? There appears to be a fundamental ambiguity in the duration of the tidal period; here we discuss its origins. The problem of defining the tidal period seems to have received little attention in the literature, or perhaps it has not been perceived as a problem at all. One reason for this neglect may be that the focus in tidal analysis is often on the (main) individual tidal constituents, whose periods are well-defined. Indeed, the harmonic method developed by Kelvin exploits this fact, making it possible to predict high and low waters precisely by adding up the different constituents after their amplitudes and phases have been determined empirically for the location in question. The period between subsequent high (or low) waters is then simply an outcome of this method. Another reason for neglecting this problem may be that the main interest was in computing a representative quantity such as the yearly average residual flow through the inlets. For such quantities, the definition of the tidal period is not as relevant since one integrates over a much longer period. Recently, however, it has been shown, for the Western Dutch Wadden Sea, that the yearly average transport is not representative of typical conditions (Duran-Matute et al. 2014), since the residual circulation has a strongly episodic character due to wind variability. This puts the focus again on the shorter time-scales of these episodes. Hence the central point of this presentation: to examine how the mean, median and the standard deviation of residual flows depend on how one defines the tidal period. We offer an alterative definition that is particularly suitable on a basin-wide scale. In this presentation we focus on the residual transport of water itself, but the relevance of the problem at hand extends directly to residual transports of sediment, nutrients, pollutants, etc., in multiple-inlet systems.
Fast and spectrally accurate Ewald summation for 2-periodic electrostatic systems
Lindbo, Dag
2011-01-01
A new method for Ewald summation in planar/slablike geometry, i.e. systems where periodicity applies in two dimensions and the last dimension is "free" (2P), is presented. We employ a spectral representation in terms of both Fourier series and integrals. This allows us to concisely derive both the 2P Ewald sum and a fast PME-type method suitable for large-scale computations. The primary results are: (i) close and illuminating connections between the 2P problem and the standard Ewald sum and associated fast methods for full periodicity; (ii) a fast, O(N log N), and spectrally accurate PME-type method for the 2P k-space Ewald sum that uses vastly less memory than traditional PME methods; (iii) errors that decouple, such that parameter selection is simplified. We give analytical and numerical results to support this.
Fast and spectrally accurate Ewald summation for 2-periodic electrostatic systems
Lindbo, Dag; Tornberg, Anna-Karin
2012-04-01
A new method for Ewald summation in planar/slablike geometry, i.e., systems where periodicity applies in two dimensions and the last dimension is "free" (2P), is presented. We employ a spectral representation in terms of both Fourier series and integrals. This allows us to concisely derive both the 2P Ewald sum and a fast particle mesh Ewald (PME)-type method suitable for large-scale computations. The primary results are: (i) close and illuminating connections between the 2P problem and the standard Ewald sum and associated fast methods for full periodicity; (ii) a fast, O(N log N), and spectrally accurate PME-type method for the 2P k-space Ewald sum that uses vastly less memory than traditional PME methods; (iii) errors that decouple, such that parameter selection is simplified. We give analytical and numerical results to support this.
The BVRI Light Curves And Period Analysis Of The Beta Lyrae System XX Leonis
Zasche, P; Svoboda, P
2007-01-01
The contact eclipsing binary system XX Leonis (P = 0.97 days, sp A8) has been analysed using the PHOEBE programme, based on the Wilson Devinney code. The BVRI light curves were obtained during spring 2006 using the 20-cm telescope and ST-7 CCD detector. The effective temperature of the primary component determined from the photometric analysis is T=(7889+/-61)K, the inclination of the orbit is i=(89.98+/-2.45)deg and the photometric mass ratio q=(0.41+/-0.01). Also the third body hypothesis was suggested, based on the period analysis using 57 minimum times and resulting the period of the third body p3= (52.96+/-0.01)yr, amplitude A=(0.057+/-0.029)d and eccentricity e=(0.79+/-0.08) which gives the minimum mass m3,min=(3.6+/-0.8)M_sun.
Johnson, Mathew A.; Zumbrun, Kevin
2010-01-01
Extending previous results of Oh--Zumbrun and Johnson--Zumbrun, we show that spectral stability implies linearized and nonlinear stability of spatially periodic traveling-wave solutions of viscous systems of conservation laws for systems of generic type, removing a restrictive assumption that wave speed be constant to first order along the manifold of nearby periodic solutions.
Rui Xu; Qiming Liu
2003-01-01
A delayed three-species periodic food-chain system with Holling type-II functional response is investigated. By using Gaines and Mawhin's continuation theorem of coincidence degree theory, a set of easily verifiable sufficient conditions is derived for the existence of positive periodic solutions to the system.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A great effort has been made to improve the nuclear plant control system by use of digital technologies and a long term schedule for the control system upgrade has been prepared with an aim to implementation in the next generation nuclear plants. In case of digital control system, it is important to decide the sampling period for analysis and design of the system, because the performance and the stability of a digital control system depend on the value of the sampling period of the digital control system. There is, however, currently no systematic method used universally for determining the sampling period of the digital control system. Generally, a traditional way to select the sampling frequency is to use 20 to 30 times the bandwidth of the analog control system which has the same system configuration and parameters as the digital one. In this paper, a new method to select the sampling period is suggested which takes into account of the performance as well as the stability of the digital control system. By use of the Irving's model steam generator, the optimal sampling period of an assumptive digital control system for steam generator level control is estimated and is actually verified in the digital control simulation system for Kori-2 nuclear power plant steam generator level control. Consequently, we conclude the optimal sampling period of the digital control system for Kori-2 nuclear power plant steam generator level control is 1 second for all power ranges. 7 figs., 3 tabs., 8 refs. (Author)
Range-separated double-hybrid density-functional theory applied to periodic systems
Sansone, Giuseppe; Civalleri, Bartolomeo; Usvyat, Denis; Toulouse, Julien; Sharkas, Kamal; Maschio, Lorenzo
2015-09-01
Quantum chemistry methods exploiting density-functional approximations for short-range electron-electron interactions and second-order Møller-Plesset (MP2) perturbation theory for long-range electron-electron interactions have been implemented for periodic systems using Gaussian-type basis functions and the local correlation framework. The performance of these range-separated double hybrids has been benchmarked on a significant set of systems including rare-gas, molecular, ionic, and covalent crystals. The use of spin-component-scaled MP2 for the long-range part has been tested as well. The results show that the value of ? = 0.5 bohr-1 for the range-separation parameter usually used for molecular systems is also a reasonable choice for solids. Overall, these range-separated double hybrids provide a good accuracy for binding energies using basis sets of moderate sizes such as cc-pVDZ and aug-cc-pVDZ.
Bayard, David S.
1994-03-01
Periodic gain adjustment in plants of irreducible order, n, or for equalization of communications channels is effected in such a way that the plant (system) appears to be minimum phase by choosing a horizon time N is greater than n of liftings in periodic input and output windows rho sub u and rho sub y, respectively, where N is an integer chosen to define the extent (length) of each of the windows rho sub u and rho sub y, and n is the order of an irreducible input/output plant. The plant may be an electrical, mechanical, or chemical system, in which case output tracking (OT) is carried out for feedback control or a communication channel, in which case input tracking (IT) is performed. Conditions for OT are distinct from IT in terms of zero annihilation, namely H(sub s)H(sub s)(sup +) = I for OT and H(sub s)H(sub s)(sup +) = I of IT, where the OT conditions are intended for gain adjustments in the control system, and IT conditions are intended for equalization for communication channels.
Reliability of unstable periodic orbit based control strategies in biological systems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mishra, Nagender; Singh, Harinder P. [Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007 (India); Hasse, Maria [Institut für Höchstleistungsrechnen, Universität Stuttgart, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Biswal, B. [Cluster Innovation Center, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007 (India); Sri Venkateswara College, University of Delhi, Delhi 110021 (India)
2015-04-15
Presence of recurrent and statistically significant unstable periodic orbits (UPOs) in time series obtained from biological systems is now routinely used as evidence for low dimensional chaos. Extracting accurate dynamical information from the detected UPO trajectories is vital for successful control strategies that either aim to stabilize the system near the fixed point or steer the system away from the periodic orbits. A hybrid UPO detection method from return maps that combines topological recurrence criterion, matrix fit algorithm, and stringent criterion for fixed point location gives accurate and statistically significant UPOs even in the presence of significant noise. Geometry of the return map, frequency of UPOs visiting the same trajectory, length of the data set, strength of the noise, and degree of nonstationarity affect the efficacy of the proposed method. Results suggest that establishing determinism from unambiguous UPO detection is often possible in short data sets with significant noise, but derived dynamical properties are rarely accurate and adequate for controlling the dynamics around these UPOs. A repeat chaos control experiment on epileptic hippocampal slices through more stringent control strategy and adaptive UPO tracking is reinterpreted in this context through simulation of similar control experiments on an analogous but stochastic computer model of epileptic brain slices. Reproduction of equivalent results suggests that far more stringent criteria are needed for linking apparent success of control in such experiments with possible determinism in the underlying dynamics.
Soliton defects in one-gap periodic system and exotic supersymmetry
Arancibia, Adrian; Jakubsky, Vit; Guilarte, Juan Mateos; Plyushchay, Mikhail S
2014-01-01
By applying Darboux-Crum transformations to the quantum one-gap Lame system, we introduce an arbitrary countable number of bound states into forbidden bands. The perturbed potentials are reflectionless and contain two types of soliton defects in the periodic background. The bound states with finite number of nodes are supported in the lower forbidden band by the periodicity defects of the potential well type, while the pulse type bound states in the gap have infinite number of nodes and are trapped by defects of the compression modulations nature. We investigate the exotic nonlinear N=4 supersymmetric structure in such paired Schrodinger systems, which extends an ordinary N=2 supersymmetry and involves two bosonic generators composed from Lax-Novikov integrals of the subsystems. One of the bosonic integrals has a nature of a central charge, and allows us to liaise the obtained systems with the stationary equations of the Korteweg-de Vries and modified Korteweg-de Vries hierarchies. This exotic supersymmetry o...
Reliability of unstable periodic orbit based control strategies in biological systems.
Mishra, Nagender; Hasse, Maria; Biswal, B; Singh, Harinder P
2015-04-01
Presence of recurrent and statistically significant unstable periodic orbits (UPOs) in time series obtained from biological systems is now routinely used as evidence for low dimensional chaos. Extracting accurate dynamical information from the detected UPO trajectories is vital for successful control strategies that either aim to stabilize the system near the fixed point or steer the system away from the periodic orbits. A hybrid UPO detection method from return maps that combines topological recurrence criterion, matrix fit algorithm, and stringent criterion for fixed point location gives accurate and statistically significant UPOs even in the presence of significant noise. Geometry of the return map, frequency of UPOs visiting the same trajectory, length of the data set, strength of the noise, and degree of nonstationarity affect the efficacy of the proposed method. Results suggest that establishing determinism from unambiguous UPO detection is often possible in short data sets with significant noise, but derived dynamical properties are rarely accurate and adequate for controlling the dynamics around these UPOs. A repeat chaos control experiment on epileptic hippocampal slices through more stringent control strategy and adaptive UPO tracking is reinterpreted in this context through simulation of similar control experiments on an analogous but stochastic computer model of epileptic brain slices. Reproduction of equivalent results suggests that far more stringent criteria are needed for linking apparent success of control in such experiments with possible determinism in the underlying dynamics. PMID:25933652
Reliability of unstable periodic orbit based control strategies in biological systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Presence of recurrent and statistically significant unstable periodic orbits (UPOs) in time series obtained from biological systems is now routinely used as evidence for low dimensional chaos. Extracting accurate dynamical information from the detected UPO trajectories is vital for successful control strategies that either aim to stabilize the system near the fixed point or steer the system away from the periodic orbits. A hybrid UPO detection method from return maps that combines topological recurrence criterion, matrix fit algorithm, and stringent criterion for fixed point location gives accurate and statistically significant UPOs even in the presence of significant noise. Geometry of the return map, frequency of UPOs visiting the same trajectory, length of the data set, strength of the noise, and degree of nonstationarity affect the efficacy of the proposed method. Results suggest that establishing determinism from unambiguous UPO detection is often possible in short data sets with significant noise, but derived dynamical properties are rarely accurate and adequate for controlling the dynamics around these UPOs. A repeat chaos control experiment on epileptic hippocampal slices through more stringent control strategy and adaptive UPO tracking is reinterpreted in this context through simulation of similar control experiments on an analogous but stochastic computer model of epileptic brain slices. Reproduction of equivalent results suggests that far more stringent criteria are needed for linking apparent success of control in such experiments with possible determinism in the underlying dynamics
Reliability of unstable periodic orbit based control strategies in biological systems
Mishra, Nagender; Hasse, Maria; Biswal, B.; Singh, Harinder P.
2015-04-01
Presence of recurrent and statistically significant unstable periodic orbits (UPOs) in time series obtained from biological systems is now routinely used as evidence for low dimensional chaos. Extracting accurate dynamical information from the detected UPO trajectories is vital for successful control strategies that either aim to stabilize the system near the fixed point or steer the system away from the periodic orbits. A hybrid UPO detection method from return maps that combines topological recurrence criterion, matrix fit algorithm, and stringent criterion for fixed point location gives accurate and statistically significant UPOs even in the presence of significant noise. Geometry of the return map, frequency of UPOs visiting the same trajectory, length of the data set, strength of the noise, and degree of nonstationarity affect the efficacy of the proposed method. Results suggest that establishing determinism from unambiguous UPO detection is often possible in short data sets with significant noise, but derived dynamical properties are rarely accurate and adequate for controlling the dynamics around these UPOs. A repeat chaos control experiment on epileptic hippocampal slices through more stringent control strategy and adaptive UPO tracking is reinterpreted in this context through simulation of similar control experiments on an analogous but stochastic computer model of epileptic brain slices. Reproduction of equivalent results suggests that far more stringent criteria are needed for linking apparent success of control in such experiments with possible determinism in the underlying dynamics.
Inorganic carbon system dynamics in landfast Arctic sea ice during the early-melt period
Brown, Kristina A.; Miller, Lisa A.; Mundy, C. J.; Papakyriakou, Tim; Francois, Roger; Gosselin, Michel; Carnat, Gauthier; Swystun, Kyle; Tortell, Philippe D.
2015-05-01
We present the results of a 6 week time series of carbonate system and stable isotope measurements investigating the effects of sea ice on air-sea CO2 exchange during the early melt period in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Our observations revealed significant changes in sea ice and sackhole brine carbonate system parameters that were associated with increasing temperatures and the buildup of chlorophyll a in bottom ice. The warming sea-ice column could be separated into distinct geochemical zones where biotic and abiotic processes exerted different influences on inorganic carbon and pCO2 distributions. In the bottom ice, biological carbon uptake maintained undersaturated pCO2 conditions throughout the time series, while pCO2 was supersaturated in the upper ice. Low CO2 permeability of the sea ice matrix and snow cover effectively impeded CO2 efflux to the atmosphere, despite a strong pCO2 gradient. Throughout the middle of the ice column, brine pCO2 decreased significantly with time and was tightly controlled by solubility, as sea ice temperature and in situ melt dilution increased. Once the influence of melt dilution was accounted for, both CaCO3 dissolution and seawater mixing were found to contribute alkalinity and dissolved inorganic carbon to brines, with the CaCO3 contribution driving brine pCO2 to values lower than predicted from melt-water dilution alone. This field study reveals a dynamic carbon system within the rapidly warming sea ice, prior to snow melt. We suggest that the early spring period drives the ice column toward pCO2 undersaturation, contributing to a weak atmospheric CO2 sink as the melt period advances.
Nontrivial periodic solutions of nonlinear functional differential systems with feedback control
GUO, Yingxin
2010-01-01
This paper examines the existence of nontrivial periodic solutions for the nonlinear functional differential system with feedback control: \\{\\aligned x'(t)=x(t)a(t)-\\big[\\sumi=1n ai(t)\\int0+\\infty f(t, x(t-q)) d}ji(q) +\\sumj=1m bj(t) \\int0+\\infty f(t,x'(t-q))\\,d}fj(q)+\\summ=1p c\\mu(t) \\int0\\infty u(t-q)\\,d}d\\mu(q)\\big], u'(t)=-r(t)u(t)+\\sumn=1q b\
Surface N Balances in Agricultural Crop production systems in China for the period 1980-2015
Sun, B.; Shen, R.P.; A. F. Bouwman
2008-01-01
Surface nitrogen (N) balances for China's crop production systems were estimated using statistical data collected from 1980 to 2004 at the national and provincial scale and from 1994 to 1999 at the county level. There was a surplus N balance throughout these periods, but the surplus was nearly stable in recent years. Projections using nonseasonal Box-Jenkins model or exponential models show that the N surplus for the total cultivated land in China was likely to increase from 142.8 kg ha¿1 in ...
Ultra-Short-Period Binary Systems in the OGLE Fields Toward the Galactic Bulge
Soszynski, I.; Stepien, K.; & Pilecki, B.; Mroz, P; Udalski, A.; Szymanski, M.K.; Pietrzynski, G.; Wyrzykowski, L.; & Ulaczyk, K.; Poleski, R.; Kozlowski, S; Pietrukowicz, P; Skowron, J.; Pawlak, M
2015-01-01
We present a sample of 242 ultra-short-period (P < 0.22 d) eclipsing and ellipsoidal binary stars identified in the OGLE fields toward the Galactic bulge. Based on the light curve morphology, we divide the sample into candidates for contact binaries and non-contact binaries. In the latter group we distinguish binary systems consisting of a cool main-sequence star and a B-type subdwarf (HW Vir stars) and candidates for cataclysmic variables, including five eclipsing dwarf nov...
Thermodynamics of Micro- and Nano-Systems Driven by Periodic Temperature Variations
Brandner, Kay; Saito, Keiji; Seifert, Udo
2015-07-01
We introduce a general framework for analyzing the thermodynamics of small systems that are driven by both a periodic temperature variation and some external parameter modulating their energy. This setup covers, in particular, periodic micro- and nano-heat engines. In a first step, we show how to express total entropy production by properly identified time-independent affinities and currents without making a linear response assumption. In linear response, kinetic coefficients akin to Onsager coefficients can be identified. Specializing to a Fokker-Planck-type dynamics, we show that these coefficients can be expressed as a sum of an adiabatic contribution and one reminiscent of a Green-Kubo expression that contains deviations from adiabaticity. Furthermore, we show that the generalized kinetic coefficients fulfill an Onsager-Casimir-type symmetry tracing back to microscopic reversibility. This symmetry allows for nonidentical off-diagonal coefficients if the driving protocols are not symmetric under time reversal. We then derive a novel constraint on the kinetic coefficients that is sharper than the second law and provides an efficiency-dependent bound on power. As one consequence, we can prove that the power vanishes at least linearly when approaching Carnot efficiency. We illustrate our general framework by explicitly working out the paradigmatic case of a Brownian heat engine realized by a colloidal particle in a time-dependent harmonic trap subject to a periodic temperature profile. This case study reveals inter alia that our new general bound on power is asymptotically tight.
Buying Time—The Immune System Determinants of the Incubation Period to Respiratory Viruses
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Thomas M. Moran
2010-11-01
Full Text Available Respiratory viruses cause disease in humans characterized by an abrupt onset of symptoms. Studies in humans and animal models have shown that symptoms are not immediate and appear days or even weeks after infection. Since the initial symptoms are a manifestation of virus recognition by elements of the innate immune response, early virus replication must go largely undetected. The interval between infection and the emergence of symptoms is called the incubation period and is widely used as a clinical score. While incubation periods have been described for many virus infections the underlying mechanism for this asymptomatic phase has not been comprehensively documented. Here we review studies of the interaction between human pathogenic respiratory RNA viruses and the host with a particular emphasis on the mechanisms used by viruses to inhibit immunity. We discuss the concept of the “stealth phase”, defined as the time between infection and the earliest detectable inflammatory response. We propose that the “stealth phase” phenomenon is primarily responsible for the suppression of symptoms during the incubation period and results from viral antagonism that inhibits major pathways of the innate immune system allowing an extended time of unhindered virus replication.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shi Qianqian; Zhou Huanqiang [Centre for Modern Physics and Department of Physics, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044 (China)
2009-07-10
We develop an efficient algorithm to find a matrix product state representation of the ground-state wavefunctions for translationally invariant finite-size periodic lattice systems in one spatial dimension. This is based on the observation that the efficient computation of the ground-state energy per site only needs to retain a certain number of the largest eigenvalues of the transfer matrix for a matrix product state, without any sacrifice of accuracy. The computational cost is independent of the system's size, and scales as {chi}{sup 3} with {chi} being the truncation dimension. The algorithm is tested for the critical quantum Ising model in a transverse field on a finite-size lattice, with the size as large as 4800 for the truncation dimension 200. (fast track communication)
Stochastic resonance in a mono-stable system subject to frequency mixing periodic force and noise
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The phenomenon of stochastic resonance (SR) in a biased mono-stable system driven by multiplicative and additive white noise and two periodic fields is investigated. Analytic expressions of the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) for fundamental harmonics and higher harmonics are derived by using the two-state theory. It is shown that the SNR is a non-monotonic function of the intensities of the multiplicative and additive noises, as well as the bias of the mono-stable system and SR appears at both fundamental harmonics and higher harmonics. Moreover, the higher the order of mixed harmonics is, the smaller the SNR values are, that is, the suppression exists for higher harmonics.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jan FILIPCZYK
2015-12-01
Full Text Available The increasing number of road accidents nowadays seems to by a global problem. Apart from the obvious causes of accidents, such as violation of road traffic rules by drivers and pedestrians, the drunk driving, poor quality of road infrastructure, the technical faults of vehicles should also be take into account. Reasons of technical failures can be the failure of parts, components and assemblies caused by aging, poor quality or non-observance of technological norms when they are installed. It is possible to prevent the occurrence of faults by applying warning methods, one of which is obligatory periodic technical inspection. The purpose of this article is to analyze the characteristic features of the systems of technical inspections in automotive transport used in Poland and Russia. It makes it possible to identify common features and distinctive features of systems in both countries.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This paper is devoted to the numerical computation and continuation of families of heteroclinic connections between hyperbolic periodic orbits (POs) of a Hamiltonian system. We describe a method that requires the numerical continuation of a nonlinear system that involves the initial conditions of the two POs, the linear approximations of the corresponding manifolds and a point in a given Poincaré section where the unstable and stable manifolds match. The method is applied to compute families of heteroclinic orbits between planar Lyapunov POs around the collinear equilibrium points of the restricted three-body problem in different scenarios. In one of them, for the Sun–Jupiter mass parameter, we provide energy ranges for which the transition between different resonances is possible. (paper)
Dynamical tunneling of a Bose-Einstein condensate in periodically driven systems.
Shrestha, R K; Ni, J; Lam, W K; Summy, G S; Wimberger, S
2013-09-01
We report measurements of dynamical tunneling rates of a Bose-Einstein condensate across a barrier in classical phase space. The atoms are initially prepared in quantum states that extend over a classically regular island region. We focus on the specific system of quantum accelerator modes of the kicked rotor in the presence of gravity. Our experimental data is supported by numerical simulations taking into account imperfections mainly from spontaneous emission. Furthermore, we predict experimentally accessible parameter ranges over which direct tunneling could be readily observed if spontaneous emission was further suppressed. Altogether, we provide a proof-of-principle for the experimental accessibility of dynamical tunneling rates in periodically driven systems. PMID:24125389
Quasi-periodic motions in families of dynamical systems order amidst chaos
Broer, Hendrik W; Sevryuk, Mikhail B
1996-01-01
This book is on Kolmogorov-Arnol'd-Moser theory for quasi-periodic tori in dynamical systems. It gives an up-to-date report on the role parameters play for persis- tence of such tori, typically occuring on Cantor sets of positive Hausdorff measure inside phase and parameter space. The cases with preservation of symplectic or volume forms or time-reversal symmetries are included. The concepts of Whitney-smoothness and Diophantine approximation of Cantor sets on submanifolds of Euclidean space are treated, as well as Bruno's theory on analytic continuation of tori. Partly this material is new to Western mathematicians. The reader should be familiar with dynamical systems theory, differen- tial equations and some analysis. The book is directed to researchers, but its entrance level is introductory.
Non-Linear Second-Order Periodic Systems with Non-Smooth Potential
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Evgenia H Papageorgiou; Nikolaos S, Papageorgiou
2004-08-01
In this paper we study second order non-linear periodic systems driven by the ordinary vector -Laplacian with a non-smooth, locally Lipschitz potential function. Our approach is variational and it is based on the non-smooth critical point theory. We prove existence and multiplicity results under general growth conditions on the potential function. Then we establish the existence of non-trivial homoclinic (to zero) solutions. Our theorem appears to be the first such result (even for smooth problems) for systems monitored by the -Laplacian. In the last section of the paper we examine the scalar non-linear and semilinear problem. Our approach uses a generalized Landesman–Lazer type condition which generalizes previous ones used in the literature. Also for the semilinear case the problem is at resonance at any eigenvalue.
The ground state of binary systems with a periodic modulation of the linear coupling
Niederberger, Armand; Lewenstein, Maciej
2010-01-01
We consider a quasi-one-dimensional two-component systm, described by a pair of Nonlinear Schr\\"{o}dinger/Gross-Pitaevskii Equations (NLSEs/GPEs), which are coupled by the linear mixing, with local strength $\\Omega $, and by the nonlinear incoherent interaction. We assume the self-repulsive nonlinearity in both components, and include effects of a harmonic trapping potential. The model may be realized in terms of periodically modulated slab waveguides in nonlinear optics, and in Bose-Einstein condensates too. Depending on the strengths of the linear and nonlinear couplings between the components, the ground states (GSs) in such binary systems may be symmetric or asymmetric. In this work, we introduce a periodic spatial modulation of the linear coupling, making $\\Omega $ an odd, or even function of the coordinate. The sign flips of $\\Omega (x)$ strongly modify the structure of the GS in the binary system, as the relative sign of its components tends to lock to the local sign of $\\Omega $. Using a systematic nu...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Song, Tae Young [Nuclear Engineering and Technology Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)
2007-07-01
At present, the 10-year Periodic Safety Review(PSR) has been performing to confirm all the aspects of safety issues for all the operating plants in compliance with domestic nuclear law of article 23, subarticle 3. For each plant, in addition, Probabilistic Safety Assessment(PSA) and Severe Accident Management Guideline(SAMG) are being implemented and revised periodically to reflect the latest safety level according to principle fulfillment of severe accident policy statement. The assessment reports, as one of outcomes from these activities, are submitted into and reviewed by domestic regulatory body. During reviewing (in-office duty) and licensing (regulatory duty) process, a large number of outcomes of which most are the formal technical reports and licensing materials, are inevitably produced. Moreover, repeated review process over the plants can make them accumulated and produce a variety of documents additionally. This circumstance motivates to develop effective tool or system for the management of these reports and related technical documents for the future use in licensing process and for subsequent plant assessments. This paper presents the development status of Safety Assessment Information System(SAIS) which manages safety-related documents of PSR, PSA and SAMG for practical use for experienced engineers in charge of these areas.
The physical nature of the short-period RS CVn system DV Psc
Zhang, X. B.; Zhang, R. X.
2007-12-01
We present multicolour CCD photometry of the short-period RS CVn-type binary DV Psc obtained in 2006 September and October. Our observations indicate that GSC0008-789, the comparison star used by Robb et al. in their discovery of DV Psc, is a variable with amplitude exceeding 0.08 mag. Based on the new data, the orbital period of the eclipsing system is revised to 0.30853609 d. From the new observations, a set of completely covered B, V and R light curves and a single V-band light curve are formed in two epochs. The radial-velocity curves obtained by Lu, Rucinski & Ogloza are reformed with the newly determined ephemeris and are analysed along with the light curves using the 2003 version of the Wilson-Devinney code. The results show that DV Psc is a detached, near-contact binary system with a mass ratio of 0.693 +/- 0.005 and a separation of 2.038Rsolar. The masses and radii for the components are determined as 0.70 +/- 0.02Msolar, 0.68 +/- 0.03Rsolar for the primary, and 0.49 +/- 0.01Msolar, 0.51 +/- 0.02Rsolar for the secondary.
Statistics of Long-Period Gas Giant Planets in Known Planetary Systems
Levesque Bryan, Marta; Knutson, Heather; Howard, Andrew; Ngo, Henry; Batygin, Konstantin; Crepp, Justin; Fulton, Benjamin; Hinkley, Sasha; Isaacson, Howard T.; Johnson, John Asher; Marcy, Geoffrey W.; Wright, Jason
2015-12-01
We conducted a Doppler survey at Keck combined with NIRC2 K-band AO imaging to search for massive, long-period companions to 123 known exoplanet systems with one or two planets detected using the radial velocity (RV) method. Our survey is sensitive to Jupiter mass planets out to 20 AU for a majority of the stars in our sample, and we report the discovery of eight new long-period planets in addition to 20 RV trends at 3 sigma significance indicating the presence of an outer companion beyond 5 AU. We combined our RV observations with AO imaging to determine the range of allowed masses and orbital separations for these companions and fit this population with a power law in mass and semi-major axis. We estimate the total occurrence rate of companions in our sample, and find that hot and warm gas giants inside 1 AU are more likely to have an outer companion than cold gas giants. We also find that planets with an outer companion have higher than average eccentricities than their single counterparts, suggesting that dynamical interactions between planets may play an important role in these systems.
Molinaro, R; Marconi, M; Bono, G; Lub, J; Pedicelli, S; Pel, J W
2010-01-01
We present a new derivation of the CORS Baade-Wesselink method in the Walraven photometric system. We solved the complete Baade-Wesselink equation by calibrating the surface brightness function with a recent grid of atmosphere models. The new approach was adopted to estimate the mean radii of a sample of Galactic Cepheids for which are available precise light curves in the Walraven bands. Current radii agree, within the errors, quite well with Cepheid radii based on recent optical and near-infrared interferometric measurements. We also tested the impact of the projection factor on the Period-Radius relation using two different values (p=1.36, p=1.27) that bracket the estimates available in the literature. We found that the agreement of our Period-Radius relation with similar empirical and theoretical Period-Radius relations in the recent literature, improves by changing the projection factor from p=1.36 to p=1.27. Our Period-Radius relation is log(R)=(0.75\\pm 0.03)log(P)+(1.10 \\pm 0.03), with a rms=0.03 dex. ...
Raupach, Marc; Tonner, Ralf
2015-05-21
The development and first applications of a new periodic energy decomposition analysis (pEDA) scheme for extended systems based on the Kohn-Sham approach to density functional theory are described. The pEDA decomposes the bonding energy between two fragments (e.g., the adsorption energy of a molecule on a surface) into several well-defined terms: preparation, electrostatic, Pauli repulsion, and orbital relaxation energies. This is complemented by consideration of dispersion interactions via a pairwise scheme. One major extension toward a previous implementation [Philipsen and Baerends, J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 12470 (2006)] lies in the separate discussion of electrostatic and Pauli and the addition of a dispersion term. The pEDA presented here for an implementation based on atomic orbitals can handle restricted and unrestricted fragments for 0D to 3D systems considering periodic boundary conditions with and without the determination of fragment occupations. For the latter case, reciprocal space sampling is enabled. The new method gives comparable results to established schemes for molecular systems and shows good convergence with respect to the basis set (TZ2P), the integration accuracy, and k-space sampling. Four typical bonding scenarios for surface-adsorbate complexes were chosen to highlight the performance of the method representing insulating (CO on MgO(001)), metallic (H2 on M(001), M = Pd, Cu), and semiconducting (CO and C2H2 on Si(001)) substrates. These examples cover diverse substrates as well as bonding scenarios ranging from weakly interacting to covalent (shared electron and donor acceptor) bonding. The results presented lend confidence that the pEDA will be a powerful tool for the analysis of surface-adsorbate bonding in the future, enabling the transfer of concepts like ionic and covalent bonding, donor-acceptor interaction, steric repulsion, and others to extended systems. PMID:26001445
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Raupach, Marc; Tonner, Ralf, E-mail: tonner@chemie.uni-marburg.de [Fachbereich Chemie, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Hans-Meerwein-Straße, 35032 Marburg (Germany)
2015-05-21
The development and first applications of a new periodic energy decomposition analysis (pEDA) scheme for extended systems based on the Kohn-Sham approach to density functional theory are described. The pEDA decomposes the bonding energy between two fragments (e.g., the adsorption energy of a molecule on a surface) into several well-defined terms: preparation, electrostatic, Pauli repulsion, and orbital relaxation energies. This is complemented by consideration of dispersion interactions via a pairwise scheme. One major extension toward a previous implementation [Philipsen and Baerends, J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 12470 (2006)] lies in the separate discussion of electrostatic and Pauli and the addition of a dispersion term. The pEDA presented here for an implementation based on atomic orbitals can handle restricted and unrestricted fragments for 0D to 3D systems considering periodic boundary conditions with and without the determination of fragment occupations. For the latter case, reciprocal space sampling is enabled. The new method gives comparable results to established schemes for molecular systems and shows good convergence with respect to the basis set (TZ2P), the integration accuracy, and k-space sampling. Four typical bonding scenarios for surface-adsorbate complexes were chosen to highlight the performance of the method representing insulating (CO on MgO(001)), metallic (H{sub 2} on M(001), M = Pd, Cu), and semiconducting (CO and C{sub 2}H{sub 2} on Si(001)) substrates. These examples cover diverse substrates as well as bonding scenarios ranging from weakly interacting to covalent (shared electron and donor acceptor) bonding. The results presented lend confidence that the pEDA will be a powerful tool for the analysis of surface-adsorbate bonding in the future, enabling the transfer of concepts like ionic and covalent bonding, donor-acceptor interaction, steric repulsion, and others to extended systems.
Kunder, Andrea; Walker, Alistair; Stetson, Peter B; Bono, Giuseppe; Nemec, James M.; de Propris, Roberto; Monelli, Matteo; Cassisi, Santi; Andreuzzi, Gloria; Dall'Ora, Massimo; Di Cecco, Alessandra; Zoccali, Manuela
2010-01-01
We present period change rates (dP/dt) for 42 RR Lyrae variables in the globular cluster IC$\\,$4499. Despite clear evidence of these period increases or decreases, the observed period change rates are an order of magnitude larger than predicted from theoretical models of this cluster. We find there is a preference for increasing periods, a phenomenon observed in most RR Lyrae stars in Milky Way globular clusters. The period-change rates as a function of position in the perio...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Pei-Hao Zhao
2004-12-01
Full Text Available We study the existence and global stability of positive periodic solutions of a periodic discrete predator-prey system with delay and Holling type III functional response. By using the continuation theorem of coincidence degree theory and the method of Lyapunov functional, some sufficient conditions are obtained.
Pei-Hao Zhao; Wan-Tong Li; Lin-Lin Wang
2004-01-01
We study the existence and global stability of positive periodic solutions of a periodic discrete predator-prey system with delay and Holling type III functional response. By using the continuation theorem of coincidence degree theory and the method of Lyapunov functional, some sufficient conditions are obtained.
IP Eri: A surprising long-period binary system hosting a He white dwarf
Merle, T; Masseron, T; Van Eck, S; Siess, L; Van Winckel, H
2014-01-01
We determine the orbital elements for the K0 IV + white dwarf (WD) system IP Eri, which appears to have a surprisingly long period of 1071 d and a significant eccentricity of 0.25. Previous spectroscopic analyses of the WD, based on a distance of 101 pc inferred from its Hipparcos parallax, yielded a mass of only 0.43 M$_\\odot$, implying it to be a helium-core WD. The orbital properties of IP Eri are similar to those of the newly discovered long-period subdwarf B star (sdB) binaries, which involve stars with He-burning cores surrounded by extremely thin H envelopes, and are therefore close relatives to He WDs. We performed a spectroscopic analysis of high-resolution spectra from the HERMES/Mercator spectrograph and concluded that the atmospheric parameters of the K0 component are $T_{\\rm eff} = 4960$ K, $\\log{g} = 3.3$, [Fe/H] = 0.09 and $\\xi = 1.5$ km/s. The detailed abundance analysis focuses on C, N, O abundances, carbon isotopic ratio, light (Na, Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Ti) and s-process (Sr, Y, Zr, Ba, La, Ce, N...
Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)
W. M., Oliva; E. M., Sallum.
1996-06-01
Full Text Available Desenvolveu-se um modelo matemático para analisar a dinâmica das populações de indivíduos e mosquitos infectados quando as populações de mosquitos são periódicas no tempo. Pela determinação de um parâmetro lambda (o raio espectral de uma matriz de monodromia) pode-se estabelecer que a infecção termi [...] na naturalmente (lambda 1 que a infecção torna-se endêmica. O modelo generaliza, para o caso de coeficientes periódicos, modelos anteriores para malária; como também é uma variação de modelo para a gonorréia. A principal motivação para a consideração do modelo proposto foram os recentes estudos sobre mosquitos numa estação experimental de arroz irrigado, na região Sudeste do Brasil. Abstract in english A mathematical model for the purpose of analysing the dynamic of the populations of infected hosts anf infected mosquitoes when the populations of mosquitoes are periodic in time is here presented. By the computation of a parameter lambda (the spectral radius of a certain monodromy matrix) one can s [...] tate that either the infection peters out naturally) (lambda 1 the infection becomes endemic. The model generalizes previous models for malaria by considering the case of periodic coefficients; it is also a variation of that for gonorrhea. The main motivation for the consideration of this present model was the recent studies on mosquitoes at an experimental rice irrigation system, in the South-Eastern region of Brazil.
Chemical effects of (n,2n) reactions on iodate and periodates systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The chemical consequences of (n,2n) reactions on cristalline sodium iodate and periodates were investigated measuring the initial yield and the post irradiation thermal annealing yields (900C) of the separated fractions I-, IO3- and IO4-. NaIO3, NaIO3.H2O and NaIO4, Na4H2IO6, Na4I2O9.3H2O containing 127I and 129I, or both, were irradiated with 14 MeV neutrons. Results obtained show different effects for each system and that 126I and 128I isotopes keep the same behaviour in the irradiated compounds containing only ?127I or 129I and in compounds having both 127I and 129I. Neither isotope effect nor qualitative differences on thermal annealing at 900C were observed. The annealed fractions in the three studied periodates were IO-3 and IO-4. These results differ from the ones reported previously for (n,?) reactions on the same compounds
Taking the pulse of the shortest orbital period binary system RX J0806.3+1527
Israel, G L; Dall'Osso, S; Fugazza, D; Mouche, C W; Stella, L; Campana, S; Mangano, V; Marconi, G; Bagnulo, S; Munari, U
2004-01-01
RX J0806.3+1527 is thought to be a 321s orbital period (the shortest known) double white dwarf binary system. According to the double degenerate binary (DDB) scenario this source is expected to be one of the strongest gravitational wave (GW) emitter candidates. In the last years RX J0806.3+1527 has been studied in great details, through multiwavelength observational campaigns and from the point of view of data analysis result interpretations. We present here the timing results obtained thanks to a 3.5-year long optical monitoring campaign carried out by the Very Large Telescope (VLT) and the Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG) which allowed us to detect and study the orbital period derivative (spin-up at a rate of about 10^-3 s/yr) of the 321s modulation, to detect the linear polarisation (at a level of about 2%), and to study the broad band energy spectrum. The VLT/TNG observational strategy we used allowed us to rely upon a P-Pdot coherent solution which we finally extended backward to the 1994 ROSAT observa...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
It has been shown that in reality at least two general scenarios of data structuring are possible: (a) a self-similar (SS) scenario when the measured data form an SS structure and (b) a quasi-periodic (QP) scenario when the repeated (strongly correlated) data form random sequences that are almost periodic with respect to each other. In the second case it becomes possible to describe their behavior and express a part of their randomness quantitatively in terms of the deterministic amplitude–frequency response belonging to the generalized Prony spectrum. This possibility allows us to re-examine the conventional concept of measurements and opens a new way for the description of a wide set of different data. In particular, it concerns different complex systems when the ‘best-fit’ model pretending to be the description of the data measured is absent but the barest necessity of description of these data in terms of the reduced number of quantitative parameters exists. The possibilities of the proposed approach and detection algorithm of the QP processes were demonstrated on actual data: spectroscopic data recorded for pure water and acoustic data for a test hole. The suggested methodology allows revising the accepted classification of different incommensurable and self-affine spatial structures and finding accurate interpretation of the generalized Prony spectroscopy that includes the Fourier spectroscopy as a partial case. (paper)
Assessment of financial flow in the health system of Serbia in a period 2003-2006
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Gaji?-Stevanovi? Milena
2010-01-01
Full Text Available Background/Aim. The main goal of every health policy is not merely the establishment of the health system sustainability, but the accessibility of health services to the whole population, as well. This objective is shared in European Union countries, and the consequence is the implementation of National Health Accounts (NHA. NHA, as a tool for evidence-based management, provides data regarding financial flow in health at national level and alows international comparability. The aim of this study was to determine Serbian overall health spending patterns by National Health Accounts, and to determine health care indices to provide policy makers with internationally comparable health indicators. Methods. A retrospective analysis of healthcare expenditures was obtained from the published final financial reports of relevant state institutions during a period of 2003 to 2006. The various sources of data on healthcare expenditures were connected according to instructions by the OECD 'A System of Health Accounts (SHA' Version 1.0. Results. The obtained results showed: health expenditures in Serbia made up 8.6%, 8.3%, 8.7% and 9 % of the GDP in 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2006, respectively; the Health Insurance Fund was a predominant financing source of the public sector with 93% in 2006; the largest part of the total health expenditures went towards hospitals and for health services; the expenditure per capita in 2006 was 365 US$; Serbian population finances the state institutions 'out of pocket' with 21.28% of their sources, which was 7.3% of the total healthcare expenditures, and the private institutions with 78.72% of their financial sources, which is 27% of the total healthcare expenditures. In 2006 Serbia allocated financial resources out of GDP in the amount similar to the European Unity, while comparing to the countries of the region, these funds were less only than in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This allocating of financial resources in total, however, was low as the consequence of relatively low level of GDP in Serbia. Conclusion. Establishing NHA provided a pattern of national healtcare spending and allowed a comparison of healthcare system in Serbia with the systems of other countries. Analysing a period 2003- 2006 revealed a similarity between Serbia and the countries of the European Unity in regard to the level of average financial resources allocation for healthcare expressed as a percentage of GDP, as well as in regard to financiers in the system of healthcare. A high purchasing power disparity, however, in healthcare services was observed between the population of Serbia and other European countries.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
It is well known that the Schroedinger equation is equivalent to the wave equation for conservative bound quantum systems. Consequently, the motion of such a system is represented - from a mathematical point of view - by the motion of the characteristic surface of the wave equation. In this paper we present a demonstration of the periodic motion of the characteristic surface. It results that the normal curves of the characteristic surface are periodic solutions of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation written for the same system. This leads to a direct connection between the periodic solutions of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation and the wave properties of the system. The constants of motion corresponding to the above periodic solutions of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation are identical to the eigenvalues of the Schroedinger equation. These properties are proved without any approximation and they are valid for all the values of the principal quantum number
Optimal Backup Interval for a Database System with Full and Periodic Incremental Backup
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Cunhua Qian
2010-04-01
Full Text Available This paper considers the following backup scheme for a database system: a database is updated at a nonhomogeneous Poisson process and an amount of updated files accumulates additively. To ensure the safety of data, full backup are performed at time NT=L or when the database fails, whichever occurs first, and between them, incremental backups are made at periodic times iT (i=1, 2, …, N-1 so as to make the backup efficiently. Using the theory of cumulative processes, the expected cost is obtained, and optimal numbers N* of incremental backup which minimizes it are analytically discussed when incremental backup interval T or full backup interval L is given. Finally, it is shown as examples that optimal numbers are numerically computed.
Periodic and chaotic oscillations in a tumor and immune system interaction model with three delays
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this paper, a tumor and immune system interaction model consisted of two differential equations with three time delays is considered in which the delays describe the proliferation of tumor cells, the process of effector cells growth stimulated by tumor cells, and the differentiation of immune effector cells, respectively. Conditions for the asymptotic stability of equilibria and existence of Hopf bifurcations are obtained by analyzing the roots of a second degree exponential polynomial characteristic equation with delay dependent coefficients. It is shown that the positive equilibrium is asymptotically stable if all three delays are less than their corresponding critical values and Hopf bifurcations occur if any one of these delays passes through its critical value. Numerical simulations are carried out to illustrate the rich dynamical behavior of the model with different delay values including the existence of regular and irregular long periodic oscillations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this paper, we study the phenomenon of stochastic resonance (SR) in a periodically driven bistable system with correlations between multiplicative and additive white noise terms when there are two different kinds of time delays existed in the deterministic and fluctuating forces, respectively. Using the small time delay approximation and the theory of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in the adiabatic limit, the expression of SNR is obtained. The effects of the delay time ? in the deterministic force, and the delay time ? in the fluctuating force on SNR are discussed. Based on the numerical computation, it is found that: (i) There appears a reentrant transition between one peak and two peaks and then to one peak again in the curve of SNR when the value of the time delay ? is increased. (ii) SR can be realized by tuning the time delay ? or ? with fixed noise, i.e., delay-induced stochastic resonance (DSR) exists. (general)
Stochastic resonance in a time-delayed asymmetric bistable system with mixed periodic signal
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This paper studies the phenomenon of stochastic resonance in an asymmetric bistable system with time-delayed feedback and mixed periodic signal by using the theory of signal-to-noise ratio in the adiabatic limit. A general approximate Fokker–Planck equation and the expression of the signal-to-noise ratio are derived through the small time delay approximation at both fundamental harmonics and mixed harmonics. The effects of the additive noise intensity Q, multiplicative noise intensity D, static asymmetry r and delay time ? on the signal-to-noise ratio are discussed. It is found that the higher mixed harmonics and the static asymmetry r can restrain stochastic resonance, and the delay time ? can enhance stochastic resonance. Moreover, the longer the delay time ? is, the larger the additive noise intensity Q and the multiplicative noise intensity D are, when the stochastic resonance appears. (general)
Periodic and chaotic oscillations in a tumor and immune system interaction model with three delays
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bi, Ping [Department of Mathematics, Shanghai Key Laboratory of PMMP, East China Normal University, 500 Dongchuan Rd., Shanghai 200241 (China); Center for Partial Differential Equations, East China Normal University, 500 Dongchuan Rd., Shanghai 200241 (China); Ruan, Shigui, E-mail: ruan@math.miami.edu [Department of Mathematics, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida 33124-4250 (United States); Zhang, Xinan [School of Mathematics and Statistics, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079 (China)
2014-06-15
In this paper, a tumor and immune system interaction model consisted of two differential equations with three time delays is considered in which the delays describe the proliferation of tumor cells, the process of effector cells growth stimulated by tumor cells, and the differentiation of immune effector cells, respectively. Conditions for the asymptotic stability of equilibria and existence of Hopf bifurcations are obtained by analyzing the roots of a second degree exponential polynomial characteristic equation with delay dependent coefficients. It is shown that the positive equilibrium is asymptotically stable if all three delays are less than their corresponding critical values and Hopf bifurcations occur if any one of these delays passes through its critical value. Numerical simulations are carried out to illustrate the rich dynamical behavior of the model with different delay values including the existence of regular and irregular long periodic oscillations.
Hailperin, Max
1993-01-01
This thesis provides design and analysis of techniques for global load balancing on ensemble architectures running soft-real-time object-oriented applications with statistically periodic loads. It focuses on estimating the instantaneous average load over all the processing elements. The major contribution is the use of explicit stochastic process models for both the loading and the averaging itself. These models are exploited via statistical time-series analysis and Bayesian inference to provide improved average load estimates, and thus to facilitate global load balancing. This thesis explains the distributed algorithms used and provides some optimality results. It also describes the algorithms' implementation and gives performance results from simulation. These results show that our techniques allow more accurate estimation of the global system load ing, resulting in fewer object migration than local methods. Our method is shown to provide superior performance, relative not only to static load-balancing schemes but also to many adaptive methods.
Spin Waves in a Ferromagnetic Film with a Periodic System of Antidots
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V.V. Kulish
2015-03-01
Full Text Available In the paper, spin waves in a thin film (composed of a uniaxial ferromagnet with a two-dimensional periodical system of antidots are studied. The film ferromagnet is considered to have the “easy axis” type. To describe such waves, the magnetostatic approximation with account for the magnetic dipole-dipole interaction, the exchange interaction and the anisotropy effects is used. For such waves, an equation for the magnetic potential is derived; for the case of remote antidots, the dispersion relation and the transverse wavenumber spectrum are found. For the case of a film thin compared to the exchange length and for the case of a film bounded by a high-conductivity metal, the longitudinal wavenumber spectrum and the frequency spectrum of such spin waves are also obtained.
Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)
G. M., Ramírez Ávila; J. A., C. Gallas.
Full Text Available Se caracterizan diferentes sistemas dinámicos descritos por mapas mediante el cálculo de periodicidades. Este método es alternativo a los diagramas de bifurcación utilizando los exponentes de Lyapunov ya que no sólo permite visualizar las estructuras existentes en el espacio de parámetros, tales com [...] o los "camarones", sino también proporciona el detalle de los regímenes oscilatorios lo cual puede tener importancia desde el punto de vista práctico. Abstract in english We characterize, by means of periodicities, some dynamical systems represented by maps. This is an alternative method to the common bifurcation diagrams computed by using the Lyapunov exponents and allows us to visualize the typical structures onto the parameter space such as the "shrimps" but in ad [...] dition with the detail of the oscillatory regimes which could be important from a practical viewpoint.
Dietel, J; Hekking, F; Von Oppen, F
2004-01-01
Motivated by the recently discovered microwave-induced ``zero-resistance'' states in two-dimensional electron systems, we study the microwave photoconductivity of a two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) subject to a unidirectional static periodic potential. The combination of this potential, the classically strong magnetic field, and the microwave radiation may result in an anisotropic negative conductivity of the 2DEG. Similar to the case of a smooth random potential, two mechanisms contribute to the negative photoconductivity. The displacement mechanism arises from electron transitions due to disorder-assisted microwave absorption and emission. The distribution-function mechanism arises from microwave-induced changes in the electron distribution. However, the replacement of a smooth random potential by the unidirectional one, leads to different relative strengths of the two contributions to the photoconductivity. The distribution function mechanism dominates the photoconductivity in the direction of the stati...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The abstracts of the XIX Mendeleev Congress on general and applied chemistry held 25-30 September 2011 in Volgograd are presented. The program includes the Congress plenary and section reports, poster presentations, symposia and round tables on key areas of chemical science and technology, and chemical education. The work of the Congress was held the following sections: 1. Fundamental problems of chemical sciences; 2. Chemistry and technology of materials, including nanomaterials; 3. Physicochemical basis of metallurgical processes; 4. Current issues of chemical production, technical risk assessment; 5. Chemical aspects of modern power and alternative energy sources; 6. Chemistry of fossil and renewable hydrocarbons; 7. Analytical chemistry: new methods and instruments for chemical research and analysis; 8. Chemical education. Volume 3 contains the reports correspondence section participants Chemistry and technology of materials, including nanomaterials, abstracts of oral and poster presentations, messages of correspondence participants at meetings of the sections: Physicochemical basis of metallurgical processes; Topical issues of chemical production, technical risk assessment, reports roundtable Interaction chemistry and business, as well as an author index
Range-separated double-hybrid density-functional theory applied to periodic systems
Sansone, Giuseppe; Usvyat, Denis; Toulouse, Julien; Sharkas, Kamal; Maschio, Lorenzo
2015-01-01
Quantum chemistry methods exploiting density-functional approximations for short-range electron-electron interactions and second-order M{{\\o}}ller-Plesset (MP2) perturbation theory for long-range electron-electron interactions have been implemented for periodic systems using Gaussian-type basis functions and the local correlation framework. The performance of these range-separated double hybrids has been benchmarked on a significant set of systems including rare-gas, molecular, ionic, and covalent crystals. The use of spin-component-scaled MP2 for the long-range part has been tested as well. The results show that the value of $\\mu$ = 0.5 bohr^{--1} for the range-separation parameter usually used for molecular systems is also a reasonable choice for solids. Overall, these range-separated double hybrids provide a good accuracy for binding energies using basis sets of moderate sizes such as cc-pVDZ and aug-cc-pVDZ.
Blow-up phenomena and global existence for the periodic two-component Dullin-Gottwald-Holm system
Liu, Jingjing
2012-01-01
This paper is concerned with blow-up phenomena and global existence for the periodic two-component Dullin-Gottwald-Holm system. We first obtain several blow-up results and the blow-up rate of strong solutions to the system. We then present a global existence result for strong solutions to the system.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jiwei He
2007-07-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we consider a nonautonomous multispecies competition predator-prey system with Holling's type III functional response and prey supplement. It is proved that the system is uniformly persistent under some conditions. Furthermore, we show that the system has a unique positive periodic solution which is globally asymptotically stable.
Periodic responses of a pulley-belt system with one-way clutch under inertia excitation
Ding, Hu
2015-09-01
The stable steady-state periodic response of a two-pulley belt drive system coupled with an accessory by a one-way clutch is presented. For the first time, the pulley-belt system is studied under double excitations. Specifically, the dual excitations consist of harmonic motion of the driving pulley and inertia excitation. The belt spans are modeled as axially moving viscoelastic beams by considering belt bending stiffness. Therefore, integro-partial-differential equations are derived for governing the transverse vibrations of the belt spans. Moreover, the transverse vibrations of the moving belt are coupled with the rotation vibrations of the pulleys by nonlinear dynamic tension. For describing the unidirectional decoupling function of the one-way device, rotation vibrations of the driven pulley and accessory are modeled as coupled piecewise ordinary differential equations. In order to eliminate the influence of the boundary of the belt spans, the non-trivial equilibriums of the pulley-belt system are numerically determined. Furthermore, A nonlinear piecewise discrete-continuous dynamical system is derived by introducing a coordinate transform. Coupled vibrations of the pulley-belt system are investigated via the Galerkin truncation. The natural frequencies of the coupled vibrations are obtained by using the fast Fourier transform. Moreover, frequency-response curves are abstracted from time histories. Therefore, resonance areas of the belt spans, the driven pulley and the accessory are presented. Furthermore, validity of the Galerkin method is examined by comparing with the differential and integral quadrature methods (DQM & IQM). By comparing the results with and without one-way device, significant damping effect of clutch on the dynamic response is discovered. Furthermore, the effects of the intensity of the driving pulley excitation and the inertia excitation are studied. Moreover, numerical results demonstrate that the two excitations interact on the steady-state response, as well as the damping effect of the one-way clutch.
Wave-breaking phenomena and global solutions for periodic two-component Dullin-Gottwald-Holm systems
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Min Zhu
2013-02-01
Full Text Available In this article we study the initial-value problem for the periodic two-component b-family system, including a special case, when b = 2, which is referred to as the two-component Dullin-Gottwald-Holm (DGH system. We first show that the two-component b-family system can be derived from the theory of shallow-water waves moving over a linear shear flow. Then we establish several results of blow-up solutions corresponding to only wave breaking with certain initial profiles for the periodic two-component DGH system. Moreover, we determine the exact blow-up rate and lower bound of the lifespan for the system. Finally, we give a sufficient condition for the existence of the strong global solution to the periodic two-component DGH system.
Investigation of periodic systems by means of the generalized Hill method
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We propose the new method of investigation of infinite periodic determination which is a generalized Hill method. This method has been used for finding of the characteristic value for the Hill equation. finding the band structure of the one-dimensional periodic and obtaining of the dispersion equation for the electromagnetic wave propagation in the waveguide by plasma arbitrary periodic density modulation by plasma arbitrary periodic density modulation
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF THE 0.94-DAY PERIOD TRANSITING PLANETARY SYSTEM WASP-18
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We present high-precision photometry of five consecutive transits of WASP-18, an extrasolar planetary system with one of the shortest orbital periods known. Through the use of telescope defocusing we achieve a photometric precision of 0.47-0.83 mmag per observation over complete transit events. The data are analyzed using the JKTEBOP code and three different sets of stellar evolutionary models. We find the mass and radius of the planet to be M b = 10.43 ± 0.30 ± 0.24 M Jup and R b = 1.165 ± 0.055 ± 0.014 R Jup (statistical and systematic errors), respectively. The systematic errors in the orbital separation and the stellar and planetary masses, arising from the use of theoretical predictions, are of a similar size to the statistical errors and set a limit on our understanding of the WASP-18 system. We point out that seven of the nine known massive transiting planets (M b > 3 M Jup) have eccentric orbits, whereas significant orbital eccentricity has been detected for only four of the 46 less-massive planets. This may indicate that there are two different populations of transiting planets, but could also be explained by observational biases. Further radial velocity observations of low-mass planets will make it possible to choose between these two scenarios.
Short-period low-mass binary system CC Com revisited
Kose, O; Keskin, V; Ulas, B; Yakut, K
2011-01-01
In this study we determined precise orbital and physical parameters of the very short period low-mass contact binary system CC Com. The parameters are obtained by analysis of the new CCD data with the archival spectroscopic data. The physical parameters of the components derived as $M_\\textrm{c}$ = 0.717(14) $M_{\\odot}$, $M_\\textrm{h}$ = 0.378(8) $M_{\\odot}$, $R_\\textrm{c}$ = 0.708(12) $R_{\\odot}$, $R_\\textrm{h}$ = 0.530(10) $R_{\\odot}$, $L_\\textrm{c}$ = 0.138(12) $L_{\\odot}$, $L_\\textrm{h}$ = 0.085(7) $L_{\\odot}$, and the distance of the system is estimated as 64(4) pc. The times of minima obtained in this study and with those published before enable us to calculate the mass transfer rate between the components which is $1.6\\times10^{-8}$ M$_{\\odot}$yr$^{-1}$. Finally, we discuss the possible evolutionary scenario of CC Com.
Analysis of the ancient river system in Loulan period in Lop Nur region
Zhu, Jianfeng; Jia, Peng; Nie, Yueping
2010-09-01
The Lop Nur region is located in the east of the Tarim Basin. It has served as the strategic passage and communication hub of the Silk Road since Han Dynasty. During Wei-Jin period, the river system there was well developed and the ancient city of Loulan was bred there. In this study, GIS is used to accomplish automatic extraction of the river course in the Lop Nur region at first using ArcGIS. Then the RCI index is constituted to extract ancient river course from Landsat ETM image with band 3 and band 4. It is concluded that the north river course of Peacock River conformed before the end of the 4th century AD according to the distribution of the entire river course of the Lop Nur region. Later, the Peacock River changed its way to south to Tarim River, and flowed into Lop Nur along the direction paralleling Altun Mountain from west to east. It was the change of the river system that mainly caused the decrease in water supply around ancient city of Loulan before the end of 4th century. The ancient city of Loulan has been gradually ruined in the sand because of the absence of water supply since then.
Ni, Jianjun (David)
2012-01-01
This presentation discusses an analysis approach to evaluate the interuser interference for Direct-Sequence Spread-Spectrum (DSSS) Systems for Space Network (SN) Users. Part I of this analysis shows that the correlation property of pseudo noise (PN) sequences is the critical factor which determines the interuser interference performance of the DSSS system. For non-standard DSSS systems in which PN sequence s period is much larger than one data symbol duration, it is the partial-period cross-correlation that determines the system performance. This study reveals through an example that a well-designed PN sequence set (e.g. Gold Sequence, in which the cross-correlation for a whole-period is well controlled) may have non-controlled partial-period cross-correlation which could cause severe interuser interference for a DSSS system. Since the analytical derivation of performance metric (bit error rate or signal-to-noise ratio) based on partial-period cross-correlation is prohibitive, the performance degradation due to partial-period cross-correlation will be evaluated using simulation in Part II of this analysis in the future.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Alberto Herrán
2011-01-01
Full Text Available A multiproduct pipeline provides an economic way to transport large volumes of refined petroleum products over long distances. In such a pipeline, different products are pumped back?to?back without any separation device between them. The sequence and lengths of such pumping runs must be carefully selected in order to meet market demands while minimizing pipeline operational costs and satisfying several constraints. The production planning and scheduling of the products at the refinery must also be synchronized with the transportation in order to avoid the usage of the system at some peak?hour time intervals. In this paper, we propose a multi?period mixed integer nonlinear programming (MINLP model for an optimal planning and scheduling of the production and transportation of multiple petroleum products from a refinery plant connected to several depots through a single pipeline system. The objective of this work is to generalize the mixed integer linear programming (MILP formulation proposed by Cafaro and Cerdá (2004, Computers and Chemical Engineering where only a single planning period was considered and the production planning and scheduling was not part of the decision process. Numerical examples show how the use of a single period model for a given time period may lead to infeasible solutions when it is used for the upcoming periods. These examples also show how integrating production planning with the transportation and the use of a multi?period model may result in a cost saving compared to using a single?period model for each period, independently.
Southworth, John; Gaensicke, B T; Copperwheat, C M
2014-01-01
We report the discovery of eclipses and the first orbital period measurements for four cataclysmic variables, plus the first orbital period measurements for one known eclipsing and two magnetic systems. SDSS J093537.46+161950.8 exhibits 1-mag deep eclipses with a period of 92.245 min. SDSS J105754.25+275947.5 has short and deep eclipses and an orbital period of 90.44 min. Its light curve has no trace of a bright spot and its spectrum is dominated by the white dwarf component, suggesting a low mass accretion rate and a very low-mass and cool secondary star. CSS J132536+210037 shows 1-mag deep eclipses each separated by 89.821 min. SDSS J075653.11+085831.8 shows 2-mag deep eclipses on a period of 197.154 min. CSS J112634-100210 is an eclipsing dwarf nova identified in the Catalina Real Time Transit Survey, for which we measure a period of 111.523 min. SDSS J092122.84+203857.1 is a magnetic system with an orbital period of 84.240 min; its light curve is a textbook example of cyclotron beaming. A period of 158.72...
Tamagawa, H; Ojima, M; Tanaka, M; Shizukuishi, S
1995-01-01
In this paper, we evaluate the efficiency of our multi-user system, which enables undergraduate students to now determine their progress in clinical requirements through their clinical training period. After implementing the system, instructors in each clinic can understand the progress or laziness of every student better than before. PMID:8591434
Weak interactions in Graphane/BN systems under static electric fields—A periodic ab-initio study
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Steinkasserer, Lukas Eugen Marsoner, E-mail: marsoner@zedat.fu-berlin.de [Institut für Chemie und Biochemie, Freie Universität Berlin, Takustraße 3, 14195 Berlin (Germany); MacDiarmid Institute for Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology, School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, P.O. Box 600, 6140 Wellington (New Zealand); Gaston, Nicola [MacDiarmid Institute for Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology, School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, P.O. Box 600, 6140 Wellington (New Zealand); Paulus, Beate [Institut für Chemie und Biochemie, Freie Universität Berlin, Takustraße 3, 14195 Berlin (Germany)
2015-04-21
Ab-initio calculations via periodic Hartree-Fock (HF) and local second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation theory (LMP2) are used to investigate the adsorption properties of combined Graphane/boron nitride systems and their response to static electric fields. It is shown how the latter can be used to alter both structural as well as electronic properties of these systems.
Weak interactions in Graphane/BN systems under static electric fields—A periodic ab-initio study
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ab-initio calculations via periodic Hartree-Fock (HF) and local second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation theory (LMP2) are used to investigate the adsorption properties of combined Graphane/boron nitride systems and their response to static electric fields. It is shown how the latter can be used to alter both structural as well as electronic properties of these systems
Searches for Periodic Neutrino Emission from Binary Systems with 22 and 40 Strings of IceCube
Abbasi, R.; Abdou, Y.; Abu-Zayyad, T.; Ackermann, M.; Adams, J.; Aguilar, J. A.; Ahlers, M.; Allen, M. M.; Altmann, D.; Andeen, K.; Auffenberg, J.; Bai, X.; Baker, M.; Barwick, S. W.; Bay, R.; Bazo Alba, J. L.; Beattie, K.; Beatty, J. J.; Bechet, S.; Becker, J. K.; Becker, K.-H.; Benabderrahmane, M. L.; BenZvi, S.; Berdermann, J.; Berghaus, P.; Berley, D.; Bernardini, E.; Bertrand, D.; Besson, D. Z.; Bindig, D.; Bissok, M.; Blaufuss, E.; Blumenthal, J.; Boersma, D. J.; Bohm, C.; Bose, D.; Böser, S.; Botner, O.; Brown, A. M.; Buitink, S.; Caballero-Mora, K. S.; Carson, M.; Chirkin, D.; Christy, B.; Clevermann, F.; Cohen, S.; Colnard, C.; Cowen, D. F.; Cruz Silva, A. H.; D'Agostino, M. V.; Danninger, M.; Daughhetee, J.; Davis, J. C.; De Clercq, C.; Degner, T.; Demirörs, L.; Descamps, F.; Desiati, P.; de Vries-Uiterweerd, G.; DeYoung, T.; Díaz-Vélez, J. C.; Dierckxsens, M.; Dreyer, J.; Dumm, J. P.; Dunkman, M.; Eisch, J.; Ellsworth, R. W.; Engdegård, O.; Euler, S.; Evenson, P. A.; Fadiran, O.; Fazely, A. R.; Fedynitch, A.; Feintzeig, J.; Feusels, T.; Filimonov, K.; Finley, C.; Fischer-Wasels, T.; Fox, B. D.; Franckowiak, A.; Franke, R.; Gaisser, T. K.; Gallagher, J.; Gerhardt, L.; Gladstone, L.; Glüsenkamp, T.; Goldschmidt, A.; Goodman, J. A.; Góra, D.; Grant, D.; Griesel, T.; Groß, A.; Grullon, S.; Gurtner, M.; Ha, C.; Haj Ismail, A.; Hallgren, A.; Halzen, F.; Han, K.; Hanson, K.; Heinen, D.; Helbing, K.; Hellauer, R.; Hickford, S.; Hill, G. C.; Hoffman, K. D.; Hoffmann, B.; Homeier, A.; Hoshina, K.; Huelsnitz, W.; Hülß, J.-P.; Hulth, P. O.; Hultqvist, K.; Hussain, S.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobi, E.; Jacobsen, J.; Japaridze, G. S.; Johansson, H.; Kampert, K.-H.; Kappes, A.; Karg, T.; Karle, A.; Kenny, P.; Kiryluk, J.; Kislat, F.; Klein, S. R.; Köhne, J.-H.; Kohnen, G.; Kolanoski, H.; Köpke, L.; Kopper, S.; Koskinen, D. J.; Kowalski, M.; Kowarik, T.; Krasberg, M.; Kroll, G.; Kurahashi, N.; Kuwabara, T.; Labare, M.; Laihem, K.; Landsman, H.; Larson, M. J.; Lauer, R.; Lünemann, J.; Madsen, J.; Marotta, A.; Maruyama, R.; Mase, K.; Matis, H. S.; Meagher, K.; Merck, M.; Mészáros, P.; Meures, T.; Miarecki, S.; Middell, E.; Milke, N.; Miller, J.; Montaruli, T.; Morse, R.; Movit, S. M.; Nahnhauer, R.; Nam, J. W.; Naumann, U.; Nygren, D. R.; Odrowski, S.; Olivas, A.; Olivo, M.; O'Murchadha, A.; Panknin, S.; Paul, L.; Pérez de los Heros, C.; Petrovic, J.; Piegsa, A.; Pieloth, D.; Porrata, R.; Posselt, J.; Price, P. B.; Przybylski, G. T.; Rawlins, K.; Redl, P.; Resconi, E.; Rhode, W.; Ribordy, M.; Richman, M.; Rodrigues, J. P.; Rothmaier, F.; Rott, C.; Ruhe, T.; Rutledge, D.; Ruzybayev, B.; Ryckbosch, D.; Sander, H.-G.; Santander, M.; Sarkar, S.; Schatto, K.; Schmidt, T.; Schönwald, A.; Schukraft, A.; Schultes, A.; Schulz, O.; Schunck, M.; Seckel, D.; Semburg, B.; Seo, S. H.; Sestayo, Y.; Seunarine, S.; Silvestri, A.; Spiczak, G. M.; Spiering, C.; Stamatikos, M.; Stanev, T.; Stezelberger, T.; Stokstad, R. G.; Stößl, A.; Strahler, E. A.; Ström, R.; Stüer, M.; Sullivan, G. W.; Swillens, Q.; Taavola, H.; Taboada, I.; Tamburro, A.; Tepe, A.; Ter-Antonyan, S.; Tilav, S.; Toale, P. A.; Toscano, S.; Tosi, D.; van Eijndhoven, N.; Vandenbroucke, J.; Van Overloop, A.; van Santen, J.; Vehring, M.; Voge, M.; Walck, C.; Waldenmaier, T.; Wallraff, M.; Walter, M.; Weaver, Ch.; Wendt, C.; Westerhoff, S.; Whitehorn, N.; Wiebe, K.; Wiebusch, C. H.; Williams, D. R.; Wischnewski, R.; Wissing, H.; Wolf, M.; Wood, T. R.; Woschnagg, K.; Xu, C.; Xu, D. L.; Xu, X. W.; Yanez, J. P.; Yodh, G.; Yoshida, S.; Zarzhitsky, P.; Zoll, M.; IceCube Collaboration
2012-04-01
In this paper, we present the results of searches for periodic neutrino emission from a catalog of binary systems. Such modulation, observed in the photon flux, would be caused by the geometry of these systems. In the analysis, the period is fixed by these photon observations, while the phase and duration of the neutrino emission are treated as free parameters to be fit with the data. If the emission occurs during ~20% or less of the total period, this analysis achieves better sensitivity than a time-integrated analysis. We use the IceCube data taken from 2007 May 31 to 2008 April 5 with its 22 string configuration and from 2008 April 5 to 2009 May 20 with its 40 string configuration. No evidence for neutrino emission is found, with the strongest excess occurring for Cygnus X-3 at 2.1? significance after accounting for trials. Neutrino flux upper limits for both periodic and time-integrated emission are provided.
Multi-Layered Ring Log-Periodic Antennas Array Design for GPS Systems
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
M. Abri
2012-06-01
Full Text Available The objective of the present study is the design of log periodic ring printed antennas array witch generates circular polarization with wide band by single feed linearly polarized elements for GPS systems. The radiating elements have been fed by magnetic coupling through a slot. The circular polarization is achieved by having a basic 2×2 sub-arrays with unique element angular and phase arrangement, both the element angular orientation and feed phase are arranged in the 0°, 90°, 180 and 270° fashion. The purpose of different angular orientations of the patches is to generate two orthogonally polarized fields, while -3dB coupler is used to provide the required amplitude and phase delays for circular polarization generation. This uniquely formed array has the capability of generating excellent circular polarization. An association of the coupler with the antennas has been established.This work is completed using the moment’s method of Momentum software. Good performances of adaptation and polarization were obtained. The simulation results are then presented and discussed.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Afsin Kundak
2014-01-01
Full Text Available In the neonatal period, upper gastrointestinal system (GIS bleeding may be due to benign disorders which do not require any treatments or may be relevant to serious conditions requiring urgent intervention. There are two major causes of upper GIS bleeding developed in the newborns; vitamin K deficiency-induced hemorrhagic disease of the newborn and maternal blood swallowed during birth. Other causes of this type of bleeding include gastritis, esophagitis, peptic ulcus (PU, coagulopathy, sepsis, vascular malformations, trauma, and esofageal-gastric duplications. Rarely, gastric erosion or perforation due to oro/naso gastric tube might cause severe upper GIS bleeding. Hemodynamic resuscitation, bleeding control, and prevention of the recurrence form the basis of the management. However, a somatostatin analogue (ocreotide may be helpful by reducing the splanchnic blood if bleeding is caused by a known vascular lesion or arterial erosion. In this paper, a case of newborn with upper GIS bleeding developed within the first 24 hour life and probably caused by arterial erosion due to oro/gastric tube and treated by ocreotide was presented in the light of literature.
A Periodical Production Plan for Uncertain Orders in a Closed-Loop Supply Chain System
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hsiao-Fan Wang
2014-12-01
Full Text Available Production planning is a major activity in the manufacturing or processing industries. A good plan helps the company lower its expenses, increase profit, or both. However, the worldwide economy is made up of closely related systems. Thus, a small change induces fluctuation in the supply chain. Although a production plan is based on the predicted demand, economic fluctuations make prediction difficult. Therefore, coping with production risksof uncertain demands heavily depends on the judgment and experience of the producer or customer. In addition, the reuse of recyclable products has become a major approach in reducing resource consumption because of environmental consciousness. Thus, a closed-loop supply chain has replaced the traditional supply chain to facilitate recycling, accommodate reprocess, ease environmental degradation, and save on resource costs. This study thus considers a production plan in a closed-loop supply chain, where periodic orders of retailers are adjusted and described byfuzzy quantities. The goal of the producer is to maximize profit while trying to satisfy these orders to the greatest extent. Fuzzy Set Theory is applied to construct a Fuzzy Chance-Constrained Production Mix Model (FCCPMM to enable the risk attitude of the decision maker to be adopted to address uncertainty.Theoretical evidence is supported by numerical illustration
Hu, Jian; Li, Gangyan; Song, Ye-Qiong
2008-01-01
With the increase of the complexity of automotive control, it is necessary to develop AEIICS (Automotive Electronic and Information Integrated Control System) for exchanging information between ECUs (Electronic Control Units) based on in-vehicle network technology. We named the parameter (or variable) contained in and transmitted by frame as signal. Period and deadline are basic temporal characteristics for signal and frame. Designers mainly focus on directly designing the period and deadline...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhang Long [College of Mathematics and System Sciences, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046 (China)], E-mail: longzhang_xj@sohu.com; Teng Zhidong [College of Mathematics and System Sciences, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046 (China)], E-mail: zhidong@xju.edu.cn
2008-12-15
In this paper, we study two species predator-prey Lotka-Volterra type dispersal system with periodic coefficients in two patches, in which both the prey and predator species can disperse between two patches. By utilizing analytic method, sufficient and realistic conditions on permanence and the existence of periodic solution are established. The theoretical results are confirmed by a special example and numerical simulations.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Allen, Matthew S.; Sracic, Michael W.; Chauhan, Shashank; Hansen, Morten Hartvig
2011-01-01
Many important systems, such as wind turbines, helicopters and turbomachinery, must be modeled with linear time-periodic equations of motion to correctly predict resonance phenomena. Time periodic effects in wind turbines might arise due to blade-to-blade manufacturing variations, stratification in the velocity of the wind with height and changes in the aerodynamics of the blades as they pass the tower. These effects may cause parametric resonance or other unexpected phenomena, so it is importan...
Ates, Muzaffer
2011-01-01
In this paper, we study the existence and uniqueness of periodic solutions of the differential equation of the form . Here, we obtain some sufficient conditions which guarantee the existence of periodic solutions. This equation is a quite general third- order nonlinear vector differential equation, and one example is given for illustration of the subject.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The purpose of this research is to obtain the optimum sampling period for evaluating solar photovoltaic generation beforehand. For this purpose, the solar radiation was measured over 1 year at the once per a week. The effect of the sampling period on the integral error of amount of solar radiation was analyzed, and the fractal analysis of the solar radiation was carried out. As a result, the following issues were clarified. Er = 0,0117t and r = 0.00201Qa + 1.934 were obtained as a relational expressions of the sampling period (t) and the integral error (Er) in amount of solar radiation, and of the amount of solar radiation (Qa) and the sampling period (t). Upper limit in the optimum sampling period was the 236 seconds, when allowed integral error of amount of solar radiation was 3%
Rokonuzzaman, Mohd; Gosine, Raymond G.
1997-09-01
An intelligent system (IS) senses, reasons and acts to perform its required tasks. Sensors are used to sense environmental parameters, and through the computational intelligence the system understands the situation and takes appropriate steps toward the desired performance. To deploy systems for mission- critical applications, the underlying technology should have the ability to detect the failure of the components as well as to replace faulty components with fault-free ones within a specified time window known as fault-clearance period. The presence of fault-clearance period in the perception phase of system operation results in the loss of on-line data from different sensors and the subsequent loss of valuable information about the environmental parameters. After fault- clearance, a repetition of the sensing cycle will not recover the lost data in sensing highly transient non-periodic signals. Moreover, the unpredictable repetition will create significant overhead to satisfy the stringent timing requirements of the system. A new scheme has been developed to minimize the loss of these real-time sensor's data during fault-clearance period. This scheme is based on the restoration of data through parallel sensing. The restoration processes for both dual and triple modular redundancy schemes have been developed. The effects of both hardware and software implementation of voting logic on the performance of the system and the quality of restoration have been shown. It has been shown that this scheme is capable to recover most of the lost data during fault-clearance.
Complex dynamics and switching transients in periodically forced Filippov prey–predator system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Highlights: •We develop a Filippov prey–predator model with periodic forcing. •The sliding mode dynamics and its domain have been investigated. •The existence and stability of sliding periodic solution have been discussed. •The complex dynamics are addressed through bifurcation analyses. •Switching transients and their biological implications have been discussed. - Abstract: By employing threshold policy control (TPC) in combination with the definition of integrated pest management (IPM), a Filippov prey–predator model with periodic forcing has been proposed and studied, and the periodic forcing is affected by assuming a periodic variation in the intrinsic growth rate of the prey. This study aims to address how the periodic forcing and TPC affect the pest control. To do this, the sliding mode dynamics and sliding mode domain have been addressed firstly by using Utkin’s equivalent control method, and then the existence and stability of sliding periodic solution are investigated. Furthermore, the complex dynamics including multiple attractors coexistence, period adding sequences and chaotic solutions with respect to bifurcation parameters of forcing amplitude and economic threshold (ET) have been investigated numerically in more detail. Finally the switching transients associated with pest outbreaks and their biological implications have been discussed. Our results indicate that the sliding periodic solution could be globally stable, and consequently the prey or pest population can be controlled such that its density falls below the economic injury level (EIL). Moreover, the switching transients have both advantages and disadvantages concerning pest control, and the magnitude and frequency of switching transients depend on the initial values of both populations, forcing amplitude and ET
Chemiluminescence determination of mezlocillin by the luminol-potassium periodate system
Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)
Wen Bing, Shi; Ji Dong, Yang.
Full Text Available Um método novo, simples e sensível foi proposto para a determinação de mezlocilina. Baseia-se na amplificação da emissão de quimiluminescência (CL) gerada a partir da oxidação do luminol em meio alcalino pelo periodato de potássio. A otimização das variáveis experimentais e instrumentais que afetam [...] o efeito da amplificação de CL foi realizada usando-se sistema de injeção em fluxo. Em condições ótimas, o método é eficiente para determinar mezlocilina no intervalo linear de 0,01 a 30 ×10-6 g mL-1 com limite de detecção (3?) de 3,0×10-9 g mL-1 e desvio padrão relativo (RSD) de 1,0% para 1,0×10-6 g mL-1 de mezlocilina (n=11). O método tem sido aplicado com sucesso, para determinação de mezlocilina em preparações comerciais, amostras sintéticas e formulações biológicas fluidas. Abstract in english A new, simple and sensitive method has been proposed for the determination of mezlocillin. It is based on the enhancement of the chemiluminescence (CL) emission generated from the oxidation of luminol in alkaline medium by postassium periodate. The optimization of the experimental and instrumental v [...] ariables affecting the CL enhancement effect has been carried out using flow-injection system. In the optimum conditions, the method is efficient to determine mezlocillin in the linear range of 0.01-30×10-6 g mL-1 with a detection limit (3?) of 3.0×10-9 g mL-1 and the relative standard deviation (RSD) is 1.0% for 1.0×10-6 g mL-1 mezlocillin (n=11). It has been successfully applied to the mezlocillin determination in commercial preparations, synthetic samples and biological fluids formulations.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A series of 62 critical and critical approach experiments were performed to evaluate a possible novel means of storing large volumes of fissile solution in a critically safe configuration. This study is intended to increase safety and economy through use of such a system in commercial plants which handle fissionable materials in liquid form. The fissile solution's concentration may equal or slightly exceed the minimum-critical-volume concentration; and experiments were performed for high-enriched uranium solution. Results should be generally applicable in a wide variety of plant situations. The method is called the 'Poisoned Tube Tank' because strong neutron absorbers (neutron poisons) are placed inside periodically spaced stainless steel tubes which separate absorber material from solution, keeping the former free of contamination. Eight absorbers are investigated. Both square and triangular pitched lattice patterns are studied. Ancillary topics which closely model typical plant situations are also reported. They include the effect of removing small bundles of absorbers as might occur during inspections in a production plant. Not taking the tank out of service for these inspections would be an economic advantage. Another ancillary topic studies the effect of the presence of a significant volume of unpoisoned solution close to the Poisoned Tube Tank on the critical height. A summary of the experimental findings is that boron compounds were excellent absorbers, as expected. This was true for granular materials such as Gerstley Borate and Borax; but it was also true for the flexible solid composed of boron carbide and rubber, even though only thin sheets were used. Experiments with small bundles of absorbers intentionally removed reveal that quite reasonable tanks could be constructed that would allow a few tubes at a time to be removed from the tank for inspection without removing the tank from production service
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rothe, R.E.
1996-09-30
A series of 62 critical and critical approach experiments were performed to evaluate a possible novel means of storing large volumes of fissile solution in a critically safe configuration. This study is intended to increase safety and economy through use of such a system in commercial plants which handle fissionable materials in liquid form. The fissile solution`s concentration may equal or slightly exceed the minimum-critical-volume concentration; and experiments were performed for high-enriched uranium solution. Results should be generally applicable in a wide variety of plant situations. The method is called the `Poisoned Tube Tank` because strong neutron absorbers (neutron poisons) are placed inside periodically spaced stainless steel tubes which separate absorber material from solution, keeping the former free of contamination. Eight absorbers are investigated. Both square and triangular pitched lattice patterns are studied. Ancillary topics which closely model typical plant situations are also reported. They include the effect of removing small bundles of absorbers as might occur during inspections in a production plant. Not taking the tank out of service for these inspections would be an economic advantage. Another ancillary topic studies the effect of the presence of a significant volume of unpoisoned solution close to the Poisoned Tube Tank on the critical height. A summary of the experimental findings is that boron compounds were excellent absorbers, as expected. This was true for granular materials such as Gerstley Borate and Borax; but it was also true for the flexible solid composed of boron carbide and rubber, even though only thin sheets were used. Experiments with small bundles of absorbers intentionally removed reveal that quite reasonable tanks could be constructed that would allow a few tubes at a time to be removed from the tank for inspection without removing the tank from production service.
Balakin, A B; Kisunko, G V
1996-01-01
We discuss a gravitationally induced nonlinearity in hierarchic systems. We consider the generation of extremely low-frequency radio waves with a frequency of the periodic gravitational radiation; the generation is due to an induced nonlinear self-action of electromagnetic radiation in the vicinity of the gravitational-radiation source. These radio waves are a fundamentally new type of response of an electrodynamic system to gravitational radiation. That is why we here use an unconventional term: radio-wave messengers of periodic gravitational radiation.
Ottino, Julio M.
1991-01-01
Computer flow simulation aided by dynamical systems analysis is used to investigate the kinematics of time-periodic vortex shedding past a two-dimensional circular cylinder in the context of the following general questions: (1) Is a dynamical systems viewpoint useful in the understanding of this and similar problems involving time-periodic shedding behind bluff bodies; and (2) Is it indeed possible, by adopting such a point of view, to complement previous analyses or to understand kinematical aspects of the vortex shedding process that somehow remained hidden in previous approaches. We argue that the answers to these questions are positive. Results are described.
8 ? -periodic Josephson effects in a quantum dot/ quantum spin-Hall josephson junction system
Hui, Hoi-Yin; Sau, Jay
2015-03-01
Josephson junctions made of conventional s-wave superconductors display 2 ? periodicity. On the other hand, 4 ? -periodic fractional Josephson effect is known to be a characteristic signature of topological superconductors and Majorana fermions [1]. Zhang and Kane have shown that Josephson junctions made of topological superconductors are 8 ? -periodic if interaction is used to avoid dissipation [2]. Here we present a general argument for how time-reversal symmetry and Z2 non-trivial topology constrains the Josephson periodicity to be 8 ? . We then illustrate this through a microscopic model of a quantum dot in a quantum spin-hall Josephson junction. Work supported by NSF-JQI-PFC, LPS-CMTC and Microsoft Q.
Period-3 catastrophe and enhanced diffusion in two-dimensional Hamiltonian systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Quantitative analysis of the period-3 catastrophe is developed for the standard map and for the stochastic heating map as illustrative examples of two-dimensional area preserving mappings. Analytic expression of the diffusion coefficient is derived for the stochastic heating, and compared to results of numerical observation. Here, as for the case of the standard map, the multi-periodic accelerator modes give rise to anomalous enhancement of the diffusion rate. (author)
Tunable wideband bandstop acoustic filter based on 2D multi-physical phenomena periodic systems
Romero-García, V.; Sánchez-Pérez, J. V.; GARCIA-RAFFI, L.M.
2011-01-01
The physical properties of a periodic distribution of absorbent resonators is used in this work to design a tunable wideband bandstop acoustic filter. Analytical and numerical simulations as well as experimental validations show that the control of the resonances and the absorption of the scatterers along with their periodic arrangement in air introduces high technological possibilities to control noise. Sound manipulation is perhaps the most obvious application of the struc...
Effects of periodic force on the stability of the metastable state in logistic system
Yang, Lin-Jing; Lv, Feng; Mei, Dong-Cheng
2015-08-01
The effects of periodic force on the stability of the metastable state in logistic model are investigated. The expression of the mean first-passage time (MFPT) from the metastable state to the stable state is derived. Based on the expression, the effects of periodic force on the MFPT were analyzed. The results indicate that: (i) For the case of the multiplicative noise induced transition, the multiplicative noise and the periodic force weaken the stability of the metastable state; (ii) For the case of the additive noise induced transition, the stability of the metastable state is weakened by the additive noise when the periodic force takes value of the first half cycle, while the stability of the metastable state is enhanced by the additive noise when the periodic force takes value of the second half cycle; (iii) For the case of the correlation between the multiplicative and the additive noise induced transition, the correlation between the multiplicative and the additive noises and the periodic force weaken the stability of the metastable state.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kaihong Zhao
2011-04-01
Full Text Available Using Mawhin's continuation theorem of coincidence degree theory, we establish the existence of $2^{n+m}$ positive periodic solutions for a non-autonomous Lotka-Volterra network-like predator-prey system with harvesting terms. Here n and m denote the number of prey and predator species respectively. An example is given to illustrate our results.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Johansen, Søren Glud; Thorstenson, Anders
2006-01-01
We show that well-known textbook formulae for determining the optimal base stock of the inventory system with continuous review and constant lead time can easily be extended to the case with periodic review and stochastic, sequential lead times. The provided performance measures and conditions for optimality are exact.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Johansen, Søren Glud; Thorstenson, Anders
2008-01-01
We extend well-known formulae for the optimal base stock of the inventory system with continuous review and constant lead time to the case with periodic review and stochastic, sequential lead times. Our extension uses the notion of the 'extended lead time'. The derived performance measures are exact for Poisson demands.
Allen, Matthew S.; Sracic, Michael W.; Chauhan, Shashank; Hansen, Morten Hartvig
2011-05-01
Many important systems, such as wind turbines, helicopters and turbomachinery, must be modeled with linear time-periodic equations of motion to correctly predict resonance phenomena. Time periodic effects in wind turbines might arise due to blade-to-blade manufacturing variations, stratification in the velocity of the wind with height and changes in the aerodynamics of the blades as they pass the tower. These effects may cause parametric resonance or other unexpected phenomena, so it is important to properly characterize them so that these machines can be designed to achieve high reliability, safety, and to produce economical power. This work presents a system identification methodology that can be used to identify models for linear, periodically time-varying systems when the input forces are unmeasured, broadband and random. The methodology is demonstrated for the well-known Mathieu oscillator and then used to interrogate simulated measurements from a rotating wind turbine. The measurements were simulated for a 5 MW turbine modeled in the HAWC2 simulation code, which includes both structural dynamic and aerodynamic effects. This simulated system identification provides insights into the test and measurement requirements and the potential pitfalls, and simulated experiments such as this may be useful to obtain a set of time-periodic equations of motion from a numerical model, since a closed form model is not readily available by other means due to the way in which the aeroelastic effects are treated in the simulation code.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Johansen, SØren Glud; Thorstenson, Anders
2008-01-01
We extend well-known formulae for the optimal base stock of the inventory system with continuous review and constant lead time to the case with periodic review and stochastic, sequential lead times. Our extension uses the notion of the ‘extended lead time’. The derived performance measures are exact for Poisson demands.
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Kuzmych, O.; Mukhigulashvili, Sulkhan; P?ža, B.
2010-01-01
Ro?. 11, ?. 1 (2010), s. 63-77. ISSN 1787-2405 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10190503 Keywords : higher order linear functional differential system * periodic boundary value problem * uniqueness Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics http://mat76.mat.uni-miskolc.hu/~mnotes/index.php?page=article&name=mmn_300
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Allen, Matthew S.; Sracic, Michael W.
2011-01-01
Many important systems, such as wind turbines, helicopters and turbomachinery, must be modeled with linear time-periodic equations of motion to correctly predict resonance phenomena. Time periodic effects in wind turbines might arise due to blade-to-blade manufacturing variations, stratification in the velocity of the wind with height and changes in the aerodynamics of the blades as they pass the tower. These effects may cause parametric resonance or other unexpected phenomena, so it is important to properly characterize them so that these machines can be designed to achieve high reliability, safety, and to produce economical power. This work presents a system identification methodology that can be used to identify models for linear, periodically time-varying systems when the input forces are unmeasured, broadband and random. The methodology is demonstrated for the well-known Mathieu oscillator and then used to interrogate simulated measurements from a rotating wind turbine. The measurements were simulated for a 5 MW turbine modeled in the HAWC2 simulation code, which includes both structural dynamic and aerodynamic effects. This simulated system identification provides insights into the test and measurement requirements and the potential pitfalls, and simulated experiments such as this may be useful to obtain a set of time-periodic equations of motion from a numerical model, since a closed form model is not readily available by other means due to the way in which the aeroelastic effects are treated in the simulation code.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rosenberg J.
2012-06-01
Full Text Available The paper deals with the dynamical analysis of the system of first-order ODE’s describing the isometric stimulation of the muscle fibre. This system is considered to be a non-autonomous one having the periodical excitation. For the analysis of dynamical behaviour the system the multiple scale method (MSM is employed. The main goal of this contribution is to show the application of MSM to the non-autonomous dynamical system using the first order approximation of the solution. The existence of the degenerated Hopf’s bifurcation of the gained solution is presented.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The phenomenon of stochastic resonance (SR) in an asymmetric mono-stable system subject to two external periodic forces and multiplicative and additive noise is investigated. It is shown that the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) for the fundamental and higher harmonics is a non-monotonic function of the intensities of the multiplicative and additive noise, as well as of the system parameter. Moreover, the SNR for the fundamental harmonic decreases with the increase of the system asymmetry, while the SNR for the higher harmonics behaves non-monotonically as the system asymmetry varies.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Olsen, Bjarke Tobias; Smith Korsholm, Ulrik; Petersen, Claus; Nielsen, Niels Woetmann; Hansen Sass, Bent; Vedel, Henrik
2015-01-01
At the Danish Meteorological Institute, the NWP nowcasting system has been enhanced to include assimilation of 2D precipitation rates derived from weather radar observations. The assimilation is performed using a nudging-based technique. Here the rain rates are used to estimate the changes in the vertical profile of horizontal divergence needed to induce the observed rain rate. Verification of precipitation forecasts for a 17-day period in August 2010 based on the NWP nowcasting system is presen...
Wunsch, Marcus
2011-01-01
We give explicit solutions to the two-component Hunter-Saxton system on the unit circle. Moreover, we show how global weak solutions can be naturally constructed using the geometric interpretation of this system as a re-expression of the geodesic flow on the semi-direct product of a suitable subgroup of the diffeomorphism group of the circle with the space of smooth functions on the circle. These spatially and temporally periodic solutions turn out to be conservative.
Survival probability and saturation energy in periodically driven quantum chaotic systems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Machida, Manabu, E-mail: mmachida@umich.edu [Department of Mathematics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Miyashita, Seiji, E-mail: miya@spin.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Department of Physics, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)
2012-04-30
We study characteristics of the steady state of a random-matrix model with periodical pumping, where the energy increase saturates by quantum localization. We study the dynamics by making use of the survival probability. We found that Floquet eigenstates are separated into the localized and extended states, and the former governs the dynamics. -- Highlights: ? We study the steady state of a random-matrix model with periodical pumping. ? We study the saturated energy using the survival probability. ? Floquet eigenstates are separated into the localized and extended states. ? The former eigenstates govern the dynamics.
Survival probability and saturation energy in periodically driven quantum chaotic systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study characteristics of the steady state of a random-matrix model with periodical pumping, where the energy increase saturates by quantum localization. We study the dynamics by making use of the survival probability. We found that Floquet eigenstates are separated into the localized and extended states, and the former governs the dynamics. -- Highlights: ? We study the steady state of a random-matrix model with periodical pumping. ? We study the saturated energy using the survival probability. ? Floquet eigenstates are separated into the localized and extended states. ? The former eigenstates govern the dynamics.
Tunable wideband bandstop acoustic filter based on 2D multi-physical phenomena periodic systems
Romero-García, V; Garcia-Raffi, L M
2011-01-01
The physical properties of a periodic distribution of absorbent resonators is used in this work to design a tunable wideband bandstop acoustic filter. Analytical and numerical simulations as well as experimental validations show that the control of the resonances and the absorption of the scatterers along with their periodic arrangement in air introduces high technological possibilities to control noise. Sound manipulation is perhaps the most obvious application of the structures presented in this work. We apply this methodology to develop a device as an alternative to the conventional acoustic barriers with several properties from the acoustical point of view but also with additional aesthetic and constructive characteristics.
Photometric study of the short period W UMa system VW Cephei
Essam, A; Haroon, A A
2014-01-01
A total of 431 photoelectric B and V observations are presented for the short period . The measurements have been obtained in two successive nights, 27/28 and 28/29 of September 1995, and represent the whole light curve phases. Four times of minimum light, for each filter, were deduced and new periods have been derived as 0.277892 day from the present photometric observations. New light curves have been constructed, investigated and analyzed by using the recent version of W-D code.
Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)
Cláudia Simone Madruga, Lima; Michel Aldrighi, Gonçalves; Zeni Fonseca Pinto, Tomaz; Andrea De Rossi, Rufato; José Carlos, Fachinello.
2010-12-01
Full Text Available A physalis (Physalis peruviana) é uma pequena fruta com grandes potencialidades, que, associadas ao seu ciclo curto e às propriedades nutracêuticas, apresenta possibilidade de alto retorno econômico. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o sistema de tutoramento e a época de transplante mais adequad [...] os para o crescimento e a produção de frutos de P. peruviana nas condições edafoclimáticas do sul do Rio Grande do Sul. O trabalho foi desenvolvido em Pelotas, RS, na safra de 2007/2008. O transplante de mudas de physalis foi realizado em duas épocas (época 1, 21/11/2007 e época 2 15/01/2008), sendo as plantas tutoradas em quatro sistemas de condução (sistema "V" invertido, sistema triangular, sistema vertical com bambu e sistema vertical com fitilho), semelhantes aos utilizados na cultura do tomateiro. O delineamento experimental adotado foi de blocos casualizados, com três repetições, sendo cada um representado por dez plantas. Os tratamentos formaram um fatorial 2x4 (épocas de transplante x sistemas de tutoramento). As variáveis analisadas foram: incremento do comprimento e da área da seção do ramo principal, área da seção do ramo principal, produtividade e eficiência produtiva. Foi evidenciado que a primeira época de transplante associada aos sistemas de tutoramento "V" invertido e triangular proporciona melhor desempenho agronômico das plantas de physalis. Abstract in english The cape-gooseberry (Physalis peruviana) is a small fruit with great potentialities that whether associated to its short cycle and nutraceutical properties it shows high economical return. The work aimed to evaluate the best training system and replant period to plant growth, production and fruit qu [...] ality of P. peruviana under edaphoclimatic at conditions of southern Rio Grande do Sul. The trial was carried out in Pelotas, RS, in 2007/2008 crop. Transplanting seedlings cape-gooseberry was conducted in two seasons Plant replanting was done in two periods (period 1, 21/11/2007 and period 2, 15/01/2008). Plants were trained under four systems (inverted "V" system, triangular system, vertical system using bamboo or vertical system using polypropylene cord), similarly to the tomato culture. Experimental design adopted was a complete randomized block in a 2x4 factorial (replant period x training system) with three replications of ten plants each. The variables analyzed were: increment of length and section area of the main branch, section area of the main branch, yield and yield efficiency. It was evidenced that the first period of replant associated to the training systems inverted "V" and triangular improved the agronomical performance of cape-gooseberry plants.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Cláudia Simone Madruga Lima
2010-12-01
Full Text Available A physalis (Physalis peruviana é uma pequena fruta com grandes potencialidades, que, associadas ao seu ciclo curto e às propriedades nutracêuticas, apresenta possibilidade de alto retorno econômico. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o sistema de tutoramento e a época de transplante mais adequados para o crescimento e a produção de frutos de P. peruviana nas condições edafoclimáticas do sul do Rio Grande do Sul. O trabalho foi desenvolvido em Pelotas, RS, na safra de 2007/2008. O transplante de mudas de physalis foi realizado em duas épocas (época 1, 21/11/2007 e época 2 15/01/2008, sendo as plantas tutoradas em quatro sistemas de condução (sistema "V" invertido, sistema triangular, sistema vertical com bambu e sistema vertical com fitilho, semelhantes aos utilizados na cultura do tomateiro. O delineamento experimental adotado foi de blocos casualizados, com três repetições, sendo cada um representado por dez plantas. Os tratamentos formaram um fatorial 2x4 (épocas de transplante x sistemas de tutoramento. As variáveis analisadas foram: incremento do comprimento e da área da seção do ramo principal, área da seção do ramo principal, produtividade e eficiência produtiva. Foi evidenciado que a primeira época de transplante associada aos sistemas de tutoramento "V" invertido e triangular proporciona melhor desempenho agronômico das plantas de physalis.The cape-gooseberry (Physalis peruviana is a small fruit with great potentialities that whether associated to its short cycle and nutraceutical properties it shows high economical return. The work aimed to evaluate the best training system and replant period to plant growth, production and fruit quality of P. peruviana under edaphoclimatic at conditions of southern Rio Grande do Sul. The trial was carried out in Pelotas, RS, in 2007/2008 crop. Transplanting seedlings cape-gooseberry was conducted in two seasons Plant replanting was done in two periods (period 1, 21/11/2007 and period 2, 15/01/2008. Plants were trained under four systems (inverted "V" system, triangular system, vertical system using bamboo or vertical system using polypropylene cord, similarly to the tomato culture. Experimental design adopted was a complete randomized block in a 2x4 factorial (replant period x training system with three replications of ten plants each. The variables analyzed were: increment of length and section area of the main branch, section area of the main branch, yield and yield efficiency. It was evidenced that the first period of replant associated to the training systems inverted "V" and triangular improved the agronomical performance of cape-gooseberry plants.
Computer program offers new method for constructing periodic orbits in nonlinear dynamical systems
Bennett, A. G.; Hanafy, L. M.; Palmore, J. I.
1968-01-01
Computer program uses an iterative method to construct precisely periodic orbits which dynamically approximate solutions that converge to precise dynamical solutions in the limit of the sequence. The method used is a modification of the generalized Newton-Raphson algorithm used in analyzing two point boundary problems.
Kukushkin, I V; Smet, J H; Mikhailov, S A; Von Klitzing, K; Aleiner, I L; Fal'ko, V I
2003-01-01
We observe a new type of magneto-oscillations in the photovoltage and the longitudinal resistance of a two-dimensional electron system. The oscillations are induced by microwave irradiation and are periodic in magnetic field. The period is determined by the microwave frequency, the electron density, and the distance between potential probes. The phenomenon is accounted for by coherent excitation of edge magnetoplasmons in the regions near the contacts and offers perspectives for the development of new tunable microwave and terahertz detection schemes and spectroscopic techniques.
Bîrzu, Adrian; Krischer, Katharina
2010-12-01
We investigate the dynamics of a population of globally coupled FitzHugh-Nagumo oscillators with a time-periodic coupling strength. While for synchronizing global coupling, the in-phase state is always stable, the oscillators split into several cluster states for desynchronizing global coupling, most commonly in two, irrespective of the coupling strength. This confines the ability of the system to form n:m locked states considerably. The prevalence of two and four cluster states leads to large 2:1 and 4:1 subharmonic resonance regions, while at low coupling strength for a harmonic 1:1 or a superharmonic 1:m time-periodic coupling coefficient, any resonances are absent and the system exhibits nonresonant phase drifting cluster states. Furthermore, in the unforced, globally coupled system the frequency of the oscillators in a cluster state is in general lower than that of the uncoupled oscillator and strongly depends on the coupling strength. Periodic variation of the coupling strength at twice the natural frequency causes each oscillator to keep oscillating with its autonomous oscillation period. PMID:21198084
Johnson, Mathew A.; Zumbrun, Kevin
Extending previous results of Oh-Zumbrun and Johnson-Zumbrun, we show that spectral stability implies linearized and nonlinear stability of spatially periodic traveling wave solutions of viscous systems of conservation laws for systems of generic type, removing a restrictive assumption that wave speed be constant to first order along the manifold of nearby periodic solutions. Key to our analysis is a nonlinear cancellation estimate observed by Johnson and Zumbrun, along with a detailed understanding of the Whitham averaged system. The latter motivates a careful analysis of the Bloch perturbation expansion near zero frequency and suggests factoring out an appropriate translational modulation of the underlying wave, allowing us to derive the sharpened low-frequency estimates needed to close the nonlinear iteration arguments.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
It is known that natural systems are undeniably subject to random fluctuations, arising from either environmental variability or internal effects. In this paper, we present a spatial version of the phytoplankton–zooplankton model that includes some important factors such as external periodic forces, noise, and diffusion processes. The spatially extended phytoplankton–zooplankton system is from the original study by Scheffer (Scheffer 1991 Oikos 62 271). Our results show that the spatially extended system exhibits a resonant pattern and frequency-locking phenomena. The system also shows that the noise and the external periodic forces play a constructive role in the Scheffer's model: (i) the noise can enhance the oscillation of phytoplankton species' density and form large clusters in space when the noise intensity is within a certain interval; (ii) the external periodic forces can induce 4:1 and 1:1 frequency-locking and spatially homogeneous oscillation phenomena to appear; and (iii) resonant patterns are observed in the system when the spatial noises and external periodic forces are both turned on. Moreover, we find that the 4:1 frequency locking transforms into 1:1 frequency locking when the noise intensity is increased. In addition to elucidating our results outside the domain of Turing instability, we provide further analysis of linear stability with the help of numerical calculation using the Maple software. Significantly, oscillations are enhanced in the system when the noise term is present. These results indicate that the oceanic plankton bloom may be partly due to interplay between the stochastic factors and external forces instead of deterministic factors. These results also may help us to understand the effects arising from the undeniable susceptibility to random fluctuations in oceanic plankton bloom
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Constanta ENEA
2014-02-01
Full Text Available Since the formation of the United Principalities (24/01/1859, Romania has undergone a series of profound, permanent reforms of its fundamental institutions. The international context had an influence important, often enteritis in shaping its institutions, including the system of taxes. We plan to make a brief review of taxation in modern Romania, starting from the formation of the United Principalities (1859 via the international recognition of Romania as a kingdom (1881, the formation of the National Unitary (1918 international recognition (1919 - 1921, the interwar period (1918-1939, the Second world War (1939-1945 suffered territorial losses in 1940 , the communist period (1945-1989, the post-communist period (1989-2006, will deepen in a future article pre and post EU accession in terms of fiscal and customs.
Stability of the Kapchinskij-Vladimirskij (K-V) distribution in long periodic transport systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Transport of intense beams of heavy ions over long distances may be restricted by space-charge induced transverse instabilities. The stability of the microcanonical, or K-V, distribution is analyzed with the help of the Vlasov equation, and reduced to a study of the characteristics of solutions for a set of ordinary differential equations with periodic coefficients. Numerical solutions for various periodic solenoid and quadrupole focusing channels are derived and provide information concerning stable regions of propagation in terms of betatron tune depression. The results are compared with computer simulation examples of beams in solenoid and quadrupole focusing channels to check linear growth rates and establish nonlinear saturation levels of instabilities. Conclusions are drawn for the design of a quadrupole lattice providing stable transport. (author)
Crossover from dissipative to conservative behaviour in period-doubling systems
Van Der Weele, J. P.; Capel, H. W.; Post, T.; Calkoen, Ch. J.
1986-07-01
We investigate the crossover properties, between the conservative and dissipative limit, for period-doubling bifurcations in two-dimentional iterative maps; as a generic example we use the standard form of the Hénon map. The approximants to the Feigenbaum constant ? lie on a universal crossover curve, which turns out to be non-monotonic. A similar curve is found for the scaling factor ?. More generally, we discuss the crossover of the trajectory scaling function 1/ ?, and its properties in the conservative limit.
Chaos in driven Alfvén systems: unstable periodic orbits and chaotic saddles
A. C.-L. Chian; W. M. Santana; Rempel, E. L.; Borotto, F. A.; T. Hada; Kamide, Y.
2007-01-01
The chaotic dynamics of Alfvén waves in space plasmas governed by the derivative nonlinear Schrödinger equation, in the low-dimensional limit described by stationary spatial solutions, is studied. A bifurcation diagram is constructed, by varying the driver amplitude, to identify a number of nonlinear dynamical processes including saddle-node bifurcation, boundary crisis, and interior crisis. The roles played by unstable periodic orbits and chaotic saddles in these transitions are analyzed, an...
Chaos in driven Alfvén systems: unstable periodic orbits and chaotic saddles
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. C.-L. Chian
2007-01-01
Full Text Available The chaotic dynamics of Alfvén waves in space plasmas governed by the derivative nonlinear Schrödinger equation, in the low-dimensional limit described by stationary spatial solutions, is studied. A bifurcation diagram is constructed, by varying the driver amplitude, to identify a number of nonlinear dynamical processes including saddle-node bifurcation, boundary crisis, and interior crisis. The roles played by unstable periodic orbits and chaotic saddles in these transitions are analyzed, and the conversion from a chaotic saddle to a chaotic attractor in these dynamical processes is demonstrated. In particular, the phenomenon of gap-filling in the chaotic transition from weak chaos to strong chaos via an interior crisis is investigated. A coupling unstable periodic orbit created by an explosion, within the gaps of the chaotic saddles embedded in a chaotic attractor following an interior crisis, is found numerically. The gap-filling unstable periodic orbits are responsible for coupling the banded chaotic saddle (BCS to the surrounding chaotic saddle (SCS, leading to crisis-induced intermittency. The physical relevance of chaos for Alfvén intermittent turbulence observed in the solar wind is discussed.
Quasi-periodic solutions of the integrable dynamical systems related to Hill's equation
Kostov, N. A.
1989-02-01
We present finite-gap solutions to the Garnier system and to the g-dimensional anisotropic harmonic oscillator in a radial quartic potential. The relationship between these solutions and solutions of Neumann-type dynamical systems is discussed.
Short period dispersion management of 160 Gb/s single channel fiber system
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Zhenbo, Xu; Peucheret, Christophe; Le, Nghi Trong Quang; Jeppesen, Palle
2002-01-01
A transmission distance of 7500 km is numerically predicted for 160 Gb/s single channel fiber systems by using realistic dispersion parameters of ± 6 ps/nm/km. System tolerance on third order dispersion and optical filtering is investigated.
Stabilizing periodic orbits of chaotic systems using fuzzy control of Poincare map
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bonakdar, Mohammad; Samadi, Mostafa [Center of Excellence in Design, Robotics and Automation (CEDRA), Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Azadi Avenue, 1458889694 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Salarieh, Hassan [Center of Excellence in Design, Robotics and Automation (CEDRA), Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Azadi Avenue, 1458889694 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: salarieh@mech.sharif.edu; Alasty, Aria [Center of Excellence in Design, Robotics and Automation (CEDRA), Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Azadi Avenue, 1458889694 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2008-05-15
In this paper a fuzzy control algorithm is used to stabilize the fixed points of a chaotic system. No knowledge of the dynamic equations of the system is needed in this approach and the whole system is considered as a black box. Two main approaches have been investigated: fuzzy clustering and table look up methods. As illustrative examples these methods have been applied to Bonhoeffer van der Pol oscillator and the Henon chaotic system and the convergence toward fixed points is observed.
Progress report of the CEC project Rodos system development. Period: 1 september 92-31 august 93
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Within the context of the Radioprotection program of the CEC, the RODOS project (Real-time On-line DecisiOn Support system) aims at the development of a decision support system for nuclear emergencies. RODOS involves 22 research teams, divided in 4 sub-projects: 'Meteorology and Atmospheric Dispersion, 'System Development', 'Decision Aiding Techniques'. The fourth sub-project is a Joint Study Project of the Agreement between CEC ad the CIS republics. EDF is working in the 'System Development' sub-project and namely in the 'training' group. This group aims at the creation of a specific training course for health physics managers, based on RODOS. This note reproduces the progress report of the 'Development System' project. The reporting period is: September 92 - August 93. Progress bas been made within the reporting period in the: - development of data assimilation methods incorporating both monitoring data and model predictions for obtaining consistent pictures of the environmental contamination and the source term ; - improvement and extension of the modules ATSTEP-CORA (atmospheric dispersion and deposition), EMERSIM (simulation of emergency actions), ECOAMOR (exposure pathways and dose calculation) and FRODO (simulation of relocation and agricultural countermeasures) ; - preparation of training courses using RODOS as illustrative tool ; - extension of the functions of the RODOS operating system OSY, in particular of RoGIS, its geographical information system. (author). 2 figs
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D Manzoori
2009-12-01
Full Text Available The solutions of photometric BV light curves for the Algol like system UV Leo were obtained using Wilson-Devinney code. The physical and orbital parameters along with absolute dimensions of the system were determined. It has been found that to best fit the V light curve of the system, assumptions of three dark spots were necessary two on the secondary and one on the primary. The absolute visual magnitudes (Mv of the individual components i.e., primary and secondary were estimated to 4.41 and 4.43, respectively, through the color curve analysis. The period analysis of the system presented elsewhere, indicated a cyclic period change of 12 yr duration, which was attributed to magnetic activity cycle, as a main cause of period variation in the system, through the Applegate mechanism. To verify the Applegate model I preformed calculations of some related parameters barrowed from Apllegate and Kalimeris. Values of all the calculated parameters were in accordance to those obtained for similar systems by Applegate. The differential magnitudes ? B and ? V, along with corresponding values of ?(B-V color index. The cyclic variations in brightness are quite clear. There are three predictions of Applegate's theory concerning effects of cyclic magnetic changes on the period variations, which can be checked through the observations, these are as follows: I The long term variations in mean brightness (at outside of eclipses and cyclic changes of orbital period, vary with the same period. II The active star gets bluer as it gets brightened and/or the brightness and color variations are to be in phase. III Changes in luminosity due to changes in quadrupole moment should be of the order 0.1 mag. All the above mentioned predictions of Applegate’s theory are verified. These results combined with cyclic character of P(E presented elsewhere and also consistency of parameters which are obtained in this paper, led me to conclude that one the main causes of period variability in UV Leo system is magnetic activity cycle (newly presented here. Since both components (G0&G2 of this system magnetically can be active, and separation of the components is relatively low (3.9Rs, the magnetic braking could also cause the period change. The magnetized star winds move outward from the star, but are twisted due to rapid rotation of star. Charged particles in the stars wind become trapped in the star's magnetic field and are dragged along the field lines .The result is angular momentum (AM transfer from the star by magnetic field to the charged particles. As the winds leave the star surface they are dragged by the magnetic field which in turn slows down the star's rotation.
Quasi-Periodic Post-Critical Response Types of a Harmonically Excited Auto-Parametric System.
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Náprstek, Ji?í; Fischer, Cyril
Kippen : Civil-Comp Press, 2011 - (B.H.V. Topping; Y. Tsompanakis), s. 1-26 ISBN 978-1-905088-46-1. ISSN 1759-3433. [International Conference on Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering Computing /13./. Chania (GR), 06.09.2011-09.09.2011] R&D Projects: GA AV ?R(CZ) IAA200710805; GA ?R(CZ) GA103/09/0094; GA AV ?R(CZ) IAA200710902 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20710524 Keywords : non-linear vibration * quasi-periodic response * spherical pendulum Subject RIV: JM - Building Engineering http://dx.doi.org/10.4203/ccp.96.77
A. P. Shete; A.K.Verma; R. S. Tandel; Chandra Prakash; Tiwari, V. K.; Tanveer Hussain
2013-01-01
Experiment with varied water circulation periods having 4, 8, 12, and 24 hrs/day as T1, T2, T3 and T4, respectively in aquaponics, evaluated against a control (without aquaponics) revealed higher fish and plant growth in T3 and T4. The mean growth of fish varied significantly among treatments showing higher growth in T4 and control followed by T3, T2 and T1. Survival rate was 100% in all the treatments as well as control. Percentage weight gain, SGR (% day-1) also showed the similar trend as ...
Time-periodic solutions to the full Navier--Stokes--Fourier system with radiation on the boundary
Axmann, Simon; Pokorny, Milan
2014-01-01
The Navier-Stokes-Fourier system is a well established model for describing the motion of viscous compressible heat-conducting fluids. We study the existence of time-periodic weak solutions and improve the known result in the following sense: we extend the class of pressure functions (i.e. consider lower exponent $\\gamma$) and include also the effect of radiation on the boundary.
Chong, C.-Y.; Athans, M.
1975-01-01
The decentralized stochastic control of a linear dynamic system consisting of several subsystems is considered. A two-level approach is used by the introduction of a coordinator who collects measurements from the local controllers periodically and in return transmits coordinating parameters. Two types of coordination are considered: open-loop feedback and closed loop. The resulting control laws are found to be intuitively attractive.
Huynh, Khac Tuan; Barros, Anne; Berenguer, Christophe; Castro, Inma,
2011-01-01
This paper deals with the condition-based maintenance of single-unit systems which are subject to the competing and dependent failures due deterioration and traumatic shock events. The main aim is to provide a model to assess the value of condition monitoring information for the maintenance decision-making. A condition-based periodic inspection/replacement policy is developed and compared with a benchmark time-based block replacement policy. Numerical results show that it is indeed useful to ...
Kikugawa, Gota; Nakano, Takeo; Ohara, Taku
2015-07-01
In the present study, we use molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to provide an insight into the system size effect on the self-diffusion coefficient of liquids in the periodic rectangular parallelepiped system, from the hydrodynamic perspective. We have previously shown that in the rectangular box system, the diffusivity exhibits anomalous behaviors, i.e., the diffusion tensor appears to be anisotropic despite the bulk liquid simulation and the diffusion component in the direction along the short side of rectangular box with a high aspect ratio exceeding the diffusivity in the infinite system [Kikugawa et al., J.Chem. Phys. 142, 024503 (2015)]. So far, the size effect on the diffusivity has been intensively studied in the cubic system and has been interpreted quite well by the theoretical considerations employing the hydrodynamic interaction. Here, we have extended the hydrodynamic theory to be applied to periodic rectangular box systems and compared the theoretical predictions with MD simulation results. As a result, the diffusivity predicted by the hydrodynamic theory shows good agreement with the MD results. In addition, the system size effect was examined in a rod-shaped rectangular box in which the two shorter side lengths were equivalent and a film-type rectangular box in which the two longer side lengths were equivalent. It is of interest that we found that the aspect ratio, at which the diffusivity coincides with that in the infinite system, is a universal constant independent of the cross-sectional area for the rod system or the thickness for the film system. By extracting the universal structure in the hydrodynamic description, we also suggested a simplified approximate model to accurately predict the size effect on the diffusivity over a practical range of aspect ratios.
Kamiyama, Kyohei; Inaba, Naohiko; Sekikawa, Munehisa; Endo, Tetsuro
2014-12-01
This report presents an extensive investigation of bifurcations of quasi-periodic oscillations based on an analysis of a coupled delayed logistic map. This map generates an invariant two-torus (IT>2) that corresponds to a three-torus in vector fields. We illustrate detailed Lyapunov diagrams and, by observing attractors, derive a quasi-periodic saddle-node (QSN) bifurcation boundary with a precision of 10-9. We derive a stable invariant one-torus (IT>1) and a saddle IT>1, which correspond to a stable two-torus and a saddle two-torus in vector fields, respectively. We confirmed that the QSN bifurcation boundary coincides with a saddle-node bifurcation point of a stable IT>1 and a saddle IT>1. Our major concern in this study is whether the qualitative transition from an IT>1 to an IT>2 via QSN bifurcations includes phase-locking. We prove with a precision of 10-9 that there is no resonance at the bifurcation point.
Farcot, Etienne
2009-01-01
Hybrid systems, and especially piecewise affine (PWA) systems, are often used to model gene regulatory networks. In this paper we elaborate on previous work about control problems for this class of models, using also some recent results guaranteeing the existence and uniqueness of limit cycles, based solely on a discrete abstraction of the system and its interaction structure. Our aim is to control the transition graph of the PWA system to obtain an oscillatory behaviour, which is indeed of primary functional importance in numerous biological networks; we show how it is possible to control the appearance or disappearance of a unique stable limit cycle by hybrid qualitative action on the degradation rates of the PWA system, both by static and dynamic feedback, i.e. the adequate coupling of a controlling subnetwork. This is illustrated on two classical gene network modules, having the structure of mixed feedback loops.
Baskaran, Santhi
2010-01-01
Energy consumption is a critical design issue in real-time systems, especially in battery- operated systems. Maintaining high performance, while extending the battery life between charges is an interesting challenge for system designers. Dynamic Voltage Scaling (DVS) allows a processor to dynamically change speed and voltage at run time, thereby saving energy by spreading run cycles into idle time. Knowing when to use full power and when not, requires the cooperation of the operating system scheduler. Usually, higher processor voltage and frequency leads to higher system throughput while energy reduction can be obtained using lower voltage and frequency. Instead of lowering processor voltage and frequency as much as possible, energy efficient real-time scheduling adjusts voltage and frequency according to some optimization criteria, such as low energy consumption or high throughput, while it meets the timing constraints of the real-time tasks. As the quantity and functional complexity of battery powered porta...
The effect of colostrum period management on BW and immune system in lambs: from birth to weaning.
Hernández-Castellano, L E; Suárez-Trujillo, A; Martell-Jaizme, D; Cugno, G; Argüello, A; Castro, N
2015-10-01
The aim of this study was to investigate the BW and immune status of lambs reared under natural conditions or under artificial conditions fed two different colostrum amounts. In this study, 60 lambs were randomly divided into groups according to treatment. Twenty lambs remained with their dams (natural rearing (NR) group). Forty lambs were removed from their dams at birth. Lambs were bottle-fed with a pool of sheep colostrum, receiving either 4 g of IgG/kg of BW at birth (C4 group) or 8 g of IgG/kg of BW at birth (C8 group). The total colostrum amount was equally divided into three meals at 2, 14 and 24 h after birth. After this period, lambs were bottle-fed a commercial milk replacer. Blood plasma sample analysis and BW recordings were carried out before feeding at birth and then at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 20 days after birth. Another blood sample analysis and BW recording was carried out when animals reached 10 kg of BW. During weaning (30 days), sampling was carried out every 5 days. Blood plasma was used to determine the concentrations of IgG and IgM and the complement system activity - total and alternative pathways. The NR group showed greater BW than the C4 and C8 groups during milk feeding period, whereas the C4 and C8 groups had greater BW than the NR group at the end of weaning period. The C8 and NR groups had greater plasma IgG and IgM concentrations than the C4 group during milk feeding period. In addition, C4 and C8 groups showed similar IgG concentrations and greater IgM concentrations than the NR group at the end of the weaning period. Complement system activity was greater in the NR group than in the C4 and C8 groups during the first 3 days after birth. In conclusion, lambs fed amounts of colostrum equivalent to 8 g of IgG/kg of BW showed similar immune variables compared to lambs reared under natural conditions, obtaining a greater BW at the end of the weaning period. Nevertheless, this study shows that not only the colostrum amount but also the management during the milk feeding and weaning period, such as stress produced by dam separation, milk quality and suckling frequency, can affect the final immune status of lambs. PMID:26148573
African humid periods triggered the reactivation of a large river system in Western Sahara
Skonieczny, C.; Paillou, P.; Bory, A.; Bayon, G.; Biscara, L.; Crosta, X.; Eynaud, F.; Malaizé, B.; Revel, M.; Aleman, N.; Barusseau, J.-P.; Vernet, R.; Lopez, S.; Grousset, F.
2015-11-01
The Sahara experienced several humid episodes during the late Quaternary, associated with the development of vast fluvial networks and enhanced freshwater delivery to the surrounding ocean margins. In particular, marine sediment records off Western Sahara indicate deposition of river-borne material at those times, implying sustained fluvial discharges along the West African margin. Today, however, no major river exists in this area; therefore, the origin of these sediments remains unclear. Here, using orbital radar satellite imagery, we present geomorphological data that reveal the existence of a large buried paleodrainage network on the Mauritanian coast. On the basis of evidence from the literature, we propose that reactivation of this major paleoriver during past humid periods contributed to the delivery of sediments to the Tropical Atlantic margin. This finding provides new insights for the interpretation of terrigenous sediment records off Western Africa, with important implications for our understanding of the paleohydrological history of the Sahara.
Modal Vibration Control in Periodic Time-Varying Structures with Focus on Rotor Blade Systems
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Christensen, Rene Hardam; Santos, Ilmar
2004-01-01
The demands for high efficiency machines initiate a demand for monitoring and active control of vibrations to improve machinery performance and to prolong machinery lifetime. Applying active control to reduce vibrations in flexible bladed rotor-systems imply that several difficulties have to be overcome. Among others it is necessary, that the control scheme is capable to cope with non-linear time-varying dynamical system behaviour. However, rotating at constant speed the mathematical model becom...
Modal Vibration Control in Periodic Time-Varying Structures with Focus on Rotor-Blade Systems
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Christensen, Rene Hardam; Santos, Ilmar
2003-01-01
The demands for high efficiency machines initiate a demand for monitoring and active control of vibrations to improve machinery performance and to prolong machinery lifetime. Applying active control to reduce vibrations in flexible bladed rotor-systems imply that several difficulties have to be overcome. Among others it is necessary, that the control scheme is capable to cope with non-linear time-varying dynamical system behaviour. However, rotating at constant speed the mathematical model becom...
Perruisseau-Carrier, Julien
2007-01-01
As a result of the ever growing number of functionalities and standards to be supported by communication systems, as well as the constant development of radar and imaging technologies, a key research area in the field of microwaves and millimeter waves is the achievement of reconfigurability capabilities. In recent years, the progress of MicroElectroMechanical Systems (MEMS) fabrication techniques has allowed radically challenging the performances of reconfigurable devices based on establishe...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Santhi Baskaran
2010-12-01
Full Text Available Energy consumption is a critical design issue in real-time systems, especially in battery- operated systems. Maintaining high performance, while extending the battery life between charges is an interesting challenge for system designers. Dynamic Voltage Scaling (DVS allows a processor to dynamically change speed and voltage at run time, thereby saving energy by spreading run cycles into idle time.Knowing when to use full power and when not, requires the cooperation of the operating system scheduler. Usually, higher processor voltage and frequency leads to higher system throughput whileenergy reduction can be obtained using lower voltage and frequency. Instead of lowering processorvoltage and frequency as much as possible, energy efficient real-time scheduling adjusts voltage andfrequency according to some optimization criteria, such as low energy consumption or high throughput,while it meets the timing constraints of the real-time tasks. As the quantity and functional complexity ofbattery powered portable devices continues to raise, energy efficient design of such devices has becomeincreasingly important. Many real-time scheduling algorithms have been developed recently to reduceenergy consumption in the portable devices that use DVS capable processors. Extensive power awarescheduling techniques have been published for energy reduction, but most of them have been focusedsolely on reducing the processor energy consumption. While the processor is one of the major powerhungry units in the system, other peripherals such as network interface card, memory banks, disks alsoconsume significant amount of power. Dynamic Power Down (DPD technique is used to reduce energyconsumption by shutting down the processing unit and peripheral devices, when the system is idle. Threealgorithms namely Red Tasks Only (RTO, Blue When Possible (BWP and Red as Late as Possible (RLPare proposed in the literature to schedule the real-time tasks in Weakly-hard real-time systems. Thispaper proposes optimal slack management algorithms to make the above existing weakly hard real-timescheduling algorithms energy efficient using DVS and DPD techniques.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wang Fengyan [College of Science, Jimei University, Xiamen Fujian 361021 (China)]. E-mail: wangfy68@163.com; Zeng Guangzhao [Department of Mathematics, ShaoGuan University, ShaoGuan, GuangDong 512005 (China)]. E-mail: guangzhaoz@sgu.edu.cn
2007-05-15
In this paper, we introduce and study a Lotka-Volterra predator-prey system with impulsive ratio-harvesting the prey and time delays. By using Floquet theory and small amplitude perturbation skills, we discuss the boundary periodic solutions for predator-prey system under periodic pulsed conditions. The stability analysis of the boundary periodic solution yields an invasion threshold of the predator. Further, by use of the coincidence degree theorem and its related continuous theorem we prove the existence of the positive periodic solutions of the system when the value of the coefficient is large than the threshold. Finally, by comparing bifurcation diagrams with different bifurcation parameters, we show that the impulsive effect and the time delays bring to the system to be more complex, which experiences a complex process of cycles {sup {yields}} quasi-periodic oscillation {sup {yields}} periodic doubling cascade {sup {yields}} chaos.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
VII All-Russian conference of young scientists, postgraduate students and students with international participation on chemistry and nanomaterials was conducted on the Chemistry department of Saint-Petersburg State University on April, 2-5, 2013. In the conference participants from 14 countries took part. There were five sections: Nanochemistry and nanomaterials, Analytic chemistry, Inorganic chemistry, Organic chemistry, Physical chemistry. In the collection (Section 5 - Physical chemistry) there are abstracts concerning the investigations of physico-chemical properties and structure of various materials: composites on the base of polymers and fullerenes, as well as catalysts, ion-exchange membranes, sorbents etc.; phase studies of different systems, rare earth elements among them; development of physico-chemical determination methods of biological active compounds, and many other problems
Fuel Cell/Battery Powered Bus System. Final Report for period August 1987 - December 31, 1997
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wimmer, R.
1999-01-01
Today, fuel cell systems are getting much attention from the automotive industry as a future replacement for the internal combustion engine (ICE). Every US automobile manufacturer and most foreign firms have major programs underway to develop fuel cell engines for transportation. The objective of this program was to investigate the feasibility of using fuel cells as an alternative to the ICE. Three such vehicles (30-foot buses) were introduced beginning in 1994. Extensive development and operational testing of fuel cell systems as a vehicle power source has been accomplished under this program. The development activity investigated total systems configuration and effectiveness for vehicle operations. Operational testing included vehicle performance testing, road operations, and extensive dynamometer emissions testing.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The test interval and the test procedure are the main factors that are related to the reliability of the emergency core cooling system in a nuclear power plant. A method is proposed to specify the allowable ranges of the test intervals for the minimal cut sets in the emergency core cooling system; lower and upper limits of test intervals are selected to minimize unavailability and to assure the unavailability goal respectively. A method is also proposed to determine test procedure. All patterns of test procedure for the emergency core cooling system are generated in the allowable ranges of test intervals, and the test procedure is selected to maximize the index (minus log. of (unavailability over unavailability goal), all devided by man-hours) for the purpose of both reliability increase and man-hours decrease. (author)
Bott periodicity for Z2 symmetric ground states of gapped free-fermion systems
Kennedy, Ricardo
2014-01-01
Building on the symmetry classification of disordered fermions, we give a proof of the proposal by Kitaev, and others, for a "Bott clock" topological classification of free-fermion ground states of gapped systems with symmetries. Our approach differs from previous ones in that (i) we work in the standard framework of Hermitian quantum mechanics over the complex numbers, (ii) we directly formulate a mathematical model for ground states rather than spectrally flattened Hamiltonians, and (iii) we use homotopy-theoretic tools rather than K-theory. Key to our proof is a natural transformation that squares to the standard Bott map and relates the ground state of a d-dimensional system in symmetry class s to the ground state of a (d+1)-dimensional system in symmetry class s+1. This relation gives a new vantage point on topological insulators and superconductors.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ranjeet
2014-05-01
Full Text Available Systemic lupus erythematosus, referred to as SLE or lupus, is sometimes called the “great imitator.” Why? Because of its wide range of symptoms, people often confuse lupus with other health problems. We report the case of a 22-year-old woman who presented with a flaccid paralysis of limbs due to severe hypokalemia as a consequence of distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA. A search for the cause of dRTA revealed latent Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE. SLE presenting as dRTA is uncommon
The Earth-Moon system during the Late Heavy Bombardment period
Jorgensen, Uffe Graae; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Frei, Robert; Oshima, Masumi; Toh, Yosuke; Kimura, Atsushi
2009-01-01
The Late Heavy Bombardment (LHB) period is the narrow time interval between 3.8 and 3.9 Gyr ago, where the bulk of the craters we see on the Moon formed. Even more craters formed on the Earth. During a field expedition to the 3.8 Gyr old Isua greenstone belt in Greenland, we sampled three types of metasedimentary rocks, that contain direct traces of the LHB impactors by a seven times enrichment (150 ppt) in iridium compared to present day ocean crust (20 ppt). We show that this enrichment is in agreement with the lunar cratering rate, providing the impactors were comets, but not if they were asteroids. Our study is a first direct indication of the nature of the LHB impactors, and the first to find an agreement between the LHB lunar cratering rate and the Earth's early geochemical record (and the corresponding lunar record). The LHB comets that delivered the iridium we see at Isua will at the same time have delivered the equivalent of a km deep ocean, and we explain why one should expect a cometary ocean to be...
System size dependence of the log-periodic oscillations of transverse momentum spectra
Rybczynski, Maciej; Wlodarczyk, Zbigniew
2014-01-01
Recently the inclusive transverse momentum distributions of primary charged particles were measured for different centralities in $Pb+Pb$ collisions. A strong suppression of the nuclear modification factor in central collisions around $p_T \\sim 6-7$ GeV/c was seen. As a possible explanation, the hydrodynamic description of the collision process was tentatively proposed. However, such effect, (albeit much weaker) also exists in the ratio of data/fits, both in nuclear $Pb+Pb$ collisions, and in the elementary $p+p$ data in the same range of transverse momenta for which such an explanation is doubtful. As shown recently, in this case, assuming that this effect is genuine, it can be attributed to a specific modification of a quasi-power like formula usually used to describe such $p_T$ data, namely the Tsallis distribution. Following examples from other branches of physics, one simply has to allow for the power index becoming a complex number. This results in specific log-periodic oscillations dressing the usual p...
The First Running Period of the CMS Detector Controls System - A Success Story
Glege, F; Chaze, O; Cittolin, S; Coarasa, J A; Deldicque, C; Dobson, M; Gigi, D; Gomez-Reino, R; Hartl, C; Masetti, L; Meijers, F; Meschi, E; Morovic, S; Nunez-Barranco-Fernandez, C; Orsini, L; Ozga, W; Bauer, G; Behrens, U; Branson, J; Holzner, A; Erhan, S; Mommsen, R K; O'Dell, V
2014-01-01
The Detector Control System (DCS) of the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN has been running since the ?rst detector test in summer 2006. It has proven to be robust, ef?cient and easy to maintain.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic, vapor pressure osmometric and Karl Fischer titrimetric measurements have provided support for our earlier findings obtained from interfacial tension and mass transfer experiments that reversed micelles are formed, under certain conditions, in the system HDEHP/n-hexane/CaCl2 solution. These studies were further extended to include different organophosphorus acid (PC 88A), diluent (benzene), and metal ions (Co2+, Ni2+, and Zn2+) to determine whether reversed micellization is a general phenomenon occurring in solvent extraction systems which employ organophosphorus acids. The data obtained so far, suggest that reversed micellization indeed is a general phenomenon operative in organophosphorus acid extractant systems. A new mass transfer cell has been constructed in order to investigate the metal distribution equilibria and extraction kinetics of Co, Ni and Zn using atomic absorption spectrophotometric technique. A quasi-elastic light-scattering apparatus has been installed to investigate aggregation phenomena in solvent extraction systems. Preliminary drop-interface coalescence studies were performed, and the results were correlated with those obtained from interfacial tension measurements. The laser heterodyne light-scattering apparatus for measurement of interfacial viscoelastic properties also has been set-up and is being optimized for high resolution measurements. 21 refs., 16 figs
A condition-based maintenance policy with non-periodic inspections for a two-unit series system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This paper considers a condition-based maintenance policy for a two-unit deteriorating system. Each unit is subject to gradual deterioration and is monitored by sequential non-periodic inspections. It can be maintained by good as new preventive or corrective replacements. Every inspection or replacement entails a set-up cost and a component-specific unit cost but if actions on the two components are combined, the set-up cost is charged only once. A parametric maintenance decision framework is proposed to coordinate inspection/replacement of the two components and minimize the long-run maintenance cost of the system. A stochastic model is developed on the basis of the semi-regenerative properties of the maintained system state and the associated cost model is used to assess and optimize the performance of the maintenance model. Numerical experiments emphasize the interest of a control of the operation groupings
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This paper deals with the condition-based maintenance of single-unit systems which are subject to the competing and dependent failures due deterioration and traumatic shock events. The main aim is to provide a model to assess the value of condition monitoring information for the maintenance decision-making. A condition-based periodic inspection/replacement policy is developed and compared with a benchmark time-based block replacement policy. Numerical results show that it is indeed useful to follow closely the actual evolution of the system to adapt the maintenance decisions to the true system state to improve the performance of maintenance policies. The analysis of the maintenance costs savings can be used to justify or not the choice to implement a policy based on condition monitoring information and to invest in condition monitoring devices.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We investigate the singularity structure analysis of the higher-dimensional time-gated Manakov system referring to the (2+1)-dimensional coupled nonlinear Schroedinger (CNLS) equations, and we show that these equations are Painleve-integrable. By means of the Weiss et al.'s methodology, we show the arbitrariness of the expansion coefficients and the consistency of the truncation corresponding to a special Baecklund transformation (BT) of these CNLS equations. In the wake of such transformation, following the Hirota's formalism, we derive a one-soliton solution. Besides, by using the Zakharov-Shabat (ZS) scheme which provides a general Lax-representation of an evolution system, we show that the (2+1)-dimensional CNLS system under interests is completely integrable. Furthermore, using the arbitrariness of the above coefficients, we unearth and investigate a typical spectrum of periodic coherent structures while depicting elastic interactions amongst such patterns. (author)
Rousselet, Bernard; Ben Brahim, Nadia
2014-01-01
We consider {\\it small solutions} of a vibrating mechanical system with smooth non-linearities for which we provide an approximate solution by using a triple scale analysis; a rigorous proof of convergence of the triple scale method is included; for the forced response, a stability result is needed in order to prove convergence in a neighbourhood of a primary resonance. The amplitude of the response with respect to the frequency forcing is described and it is related to the ...
Real-time Scheduling of periodic tasks in a monoprocessor system with a rechargeable battery
Chetto, Maryline; El Ghor, Hussein
2009-01-01
We are interested in a real-time computing system that is powered through a rechargeable battery. In this context, two constraints need to be addressed: energy and deadlines. Classical task scheduling, in particular Earliest Deadline First, only accounts for timing parameters of the tasks and conse- quently is not suitable when considering energy constraints. We show here how to modify Earliest Deadline so as to account for the properties of the energy source, capacity of the energy storage a...
Bott periodicity for $Z_2$ symmetric ground states of gapped free-fermion systems
Kennedy, Ricardo; Zirnbauer, Martin R.
2014-01-01
Building on the symmetry classification of disordered fermions, we give a proof of the proposal by Kitaev, and others, for a "Bott clock" topological classification of free-fermion ground states of gapped systems with symmetries. Our approach differs from previous ones in that (i) we work in the standard framework of Hermitian quantum mechanics over the complex numbers, (ii) we directly formulate a mathematical model for ground states rather than spectrally flattened Hamilto...
The hematopoietic system of the acute radiation syndrome reconvalescents in post-accidental period
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The state of hemopoietic system has been studied since 1986 up to now in 145 patients who had acute radiation sickness after the Chernobyl accident. We studied clinical, morpho functional, histological, ultrastructural, biophysical, cultural, cytochemical indexes of the hematopoietic elements. The connection between hemopoietic microenvironment and hemopoiesis state was put up. The realization of the hematological disorders as myelodysplastic syndrome testified the most important problem in future
VALUE ADDED TAX SYSTEM AND DYNAMICS OF RATE IN THE PERIOD OF EUROPEAN UNION CRISIS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dovil? Kurtinaityt?-Venediktovien?
2013-06-01
Full Text Available Purpose - the article aims to assess the economic efficiency of value-added tax as the prime indirect tax. The analysis focuses on flaws of the current value-added tax system; ways to eliminate the flaws and make European Union-wide improvements in the system are discussed. In her research article, the author also presents the research of the value-added tax rate dynamics in the European Union and assessment of value-added tax rate changes in Lithuania and Great Britain during the crisis. Design/methodology/approach - descriptive method, analysis of scientific literature, statistical analysis of data, analytical method, mathematical analysis, analysis of legal instruments, and comparative analysis. Findings – the author focuses on current scientific debates on ways to improve the value-added tax system according to the European Commission. In her article, the author presents the research of value-added tax rate dynamics in the European Union and the significance of value-added tax for the European Union budget revenue. Research limitations/implications – in the next paper would be added the most recent data, now they do not exist. Practical implications – the paper presents the theoretical framework for further study of value-added tax in European Union as basic material for classroom use. Originality/Value – the author presents the research of value-added tax rate dynamics in the European Union during economic crisis. Keywords: value added tax, indirect tax, dynamics, rate, European Union, economic crisis. Research type: research paper.
Veysset, P; Lherm, M; Roulenc, M; Troquier, C; Bébin, D
2015-12-01
Over the past 23 years (1990 to 2012), French beef cattle farms have expanded in size and increased labour productivity by over 60%, chiefly, though not exclusively, through capital intensification (labour-capital substitution) and simplifying herd feeding practices (more concentrates used). The technical efficiency of beef sector production systems, as measured by the ratio of the volume value (in constant euros) of farm output excluding aids to volume of intermediate consumption, has fallen by nearly 20% while income per worker has held stable thanks to subsidies and the labour productivity gains made. This aggregate technical efficiency of beef cattle systems is positively correlated to feed self-sufficiency, which is in turn negatively correlated to farm and herd size. While volume of farm output per hectare of agricultural area has not changed, forage feed self-sufficiency decreased by 6 percentage points. The continual increase in farm size and labour productivity has come at a cost of lower production-system efficiency - a loss of technical efficiency that 20 years of genetic, technical, technological and knowledge-driven progress has barely managed to offset. PMID:26577645
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
It is of utmost importance to have a computer code in order to analyze how different parameters (like test duration time) affect the unavailability of safety systems of nuclear. In this context, a study was performed in order to evaluate the model employed by the FRANTIC computer code, which performs detailed calculations on the contribution to the system unavailability originated by hardware failures, component tests and repairs, aiming at considering the influence of different test schemes on the system unavailability. It was shown, by means of the results attained that the numerical model used by the FRANTIC code and the analytical model proposed by APOSTOLAKIS and CHU (4) give unavailability values much similar when the component tests are supposed to be perfect. When a test is supposed to be imperfect (that is, when it may induce a test is supposed to be imperfect (that is, when it may induce a failure on the component being tested), the analytical model presents more conservative results. (author)
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
G. STEFAN
2013-12-01
Full Text Available The techniques of carp culture are highly diversified, ranging from the extensive production in pond or open water with no fertilization or supplemental feeding to highly intensive systems in concrete tanks or cages. Among the different carp species, common carp is the best species reared in intensive monoculture, the others (Chinese and Indian carps being usually cultivated in polyculture (P. Kestemont, 1995. An experiment was conducted in inside recirculation system conditions to identify the technological performances on carp growth and survival at the Fishing and Aquaculture Department, Galati, during winter period (February, 2007 – March, 2007. The 1-year-old carp (Cyprinus carpio 4792g; 4594 g; 4561 g and 4525 g (total weight grew to 7384g; 7017g; 6924g and 7125 g in 44 days in aquarium 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively. In all aquariums, the fish appeared healthy and no mortality was observed. Feed conversion efficiencies (FCE had similar values among all aquariums, the highest FCE being found in B4 aquarium with 1, 57 value. Water quality parameters were acceptable range for fish culture. Results show that the carp rearing during winter period in the inside recirculation system is a very good economic solution.
Knutson, Heather A; Montet, Benjamin T; Kao, Melodie; Ngo, Henry; Howard, Andrew W; Crepp, Justin R; Hinkley, Sasha; Bakos, Gaspar A; Batygin, Konstantin; Johnson, John Asher; Morton, Timothy D; Muirhead, Philip S
2013-01-01
In this paper we search for distant massive companions to known transiting hot Jupiters that may have influenced the dynamical evolution of these systems. We present new radial velocity observations for a sample of 51 hot Jupiters obtained using the Keck HIRES instrument, and use these observations to search for long-term radial velocity accelerations. We find new, statistically significant accelerations in seven systems, including: HAT-P-10, HAT-P-20, HAT-P-22, HAT-P-29, HAT-P-32, WASP-10, and XO-2. We combine our radial velocity fits with Keck NIRC2 AO imaging data to place constraints on the allowed masses and orbital periods of the companions. The estimated masses of the companions range between 1-500 M_Jup, with orbital semi-major axes typically between 1-75 AU. A significant majority of the companions detected by our survey are constrained to have minimum masses comparable to or larger than those of the short-period hot Jupiters in these systems, making them candidates for influencing the orbital evolut...
Gopalswamy, Nat; Tsurutani, Bruce; Yan, Yihua
2015-01-01
This paper presents an overview of results obtained during the CAWSES II period on the short term variability of the Sun and how it affects the near Earth space environment. CAWSES II was planned to examine the behavior of the solar terrestrial system as the solar activity climbed to its maximum phase in solar cycle 24. After a deep minimum following cycle 23, the Sun climbed to a very weak maximum in terms of the sunspot number in cycle 24 (MiniMax24), so many of the result...
Mishra, Punyashloke
1998-12-01
This dissertation attempts to understand the complete process of instructional software design by looking closely at one iteration of the development of an educational computer program. FLiPS (Flexible Learning In the Periodic System) is a World Wide Web based multi-media hypertext for learning complex concepts in chemistry related to the periodic system of elements. The process of design begins with a theoretical argument for seeing the periodic system of elements as being a complex and ill-structured domain. A significant aspect of this argument is the introduction of certain non-standard representations of the periodic system and a demonstration of how these representations emphasize different aspects of the complex relationships between elements. The design of FLiPS is based on Cognitive Flexibility Theory---a cognitive theory that emphasizes the use of multiple representations for advanced learning in complex domains. A detailed analysis of the process of design of FLiPS is offered within the context of significant themes/perspectives on the design process. A significant part of the process of design is studying the manner in which different users interact and learn with FLiPS. Multiple means of data collection are used to understand the patterns of interaction and the cognitive processes of four students as they worked with FLiPS. This data is used to construct rich narrative profiles of the individual students: their backgrounds, beliefs, and process of working and learning. Analysis indicates that the importance of FLiPS as a learning tool seems to be dependent on the ontological and epistemological beliefs of the participants. This data is also used to generate recommendations for the further development of FLiPS. This dissertation argues that the design of technological artifacts such as educational software is a complex process involving a continuous dialogue between theory and practice; between constraints and tradeoffs; between designers and their materials; between designers and the users/learners. It is through this dialogue that the meaning and nature of the artifact is defined and understood. This project ties together issues of instructional technology that are often seen in isolation, and emphasizes the cyclic and contingent nature of educational software design.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A problem of variety of double phase diagrams of rare earth oxides with other refractory oxides of s-, p-, d- and f-elements is considered. A scheme of internal periodicity of rare earth series is presented. It is shown that in phase diagrams of metals with participation of rare earths both the number of compounds and the number of changes in phase diagrams will be higher (up to 8-12) according to rare earth series, taking into account the undirected or slightly directed character of interatomic bond in intermetallic or chalcogenide compounds and the absence in the systems of such gaseous partner as oxygen
Abbasbandy, S.; Van Gorder, R. A.; Hajiketabi, M.; Mesrizadeh, M.
2015-10-01
We consider traveling wave solutions to the Casimir equation for the Ito system (a two-field extension of the KdV equation). These traveling waves are governed by a nonlinear initial value problem with an interesting nonlinearity (which actually amplifies in magnitude as the size of the solution becomes small). The nonlinear problem is parameterized by two initial constant values, and we demonstrate that the existence of solutions is strongly tied to these parameter values. For our interests, we are concerned with positive, bounded, periodic wave solutions. We are able to classify parameter regimes which admit such solutions in full generality, thereby obtaining a nice existence result. Using the existence result, we are then able to numerically simulate the positive, bounded, periodic solutions. We elect to employ a group preserving scheme in order to numerically study these solutions, and an outline of this approach is provided. The numerical simulations serve to illustrate the properties of these solutions predicted analytically through the existence result. Physically, these results demonstrate the existence of a type of space-periodic structure in the Casimir equation for the Ito model, which propagates as a traveling wave.
Axonal wiring defects and critical period plasticity in the postnatal motor system
Helmbrecht, Michaela Sabine
2015-01-01
This thesis investigates the postnatal consequences of axon miswiring in the spinal motor system and mechanisms of plasticity that allow for their compensation. I showed that depletion of Npn1 from motor neurons causes severe postnatal defects due to loss of motor axons from the radial nerve. Defective Sema3A-Npn1 binding does not induce the same defects, suggesting that additional binding partners for Npn1 might allow for the compensation of these deficits. Furthermore, I introduced Sema3F m...
An Integrated Inventory-Transportation System with Periodic Pick-Ups and Leveled Replenishment
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Thomas Volling
2013-11-01
Full Text Available In this paper we develop a combined inventory-transportation system. The general idea is to integrate a simple replenishment policy with a routing component to derive operationally consistent standard routes as a basis for milk run design. The most interesting feature of the approach is that we combine stochastic vehicle routing with a replenishment policy which makes use of inventory to level the variability propagated into transportation operations. To evaluate the approach, we compare its performance with stochastic vehicle routing as well as sequential vehicle routing and replenishment planning. With respect to these approaches, substantial gains are achieved.
Brandhorst, Sebastian; Choi, In Young; Wei, Min; Cheng, Chia Wei; Sedrakyan, Sargis; Navarrete, Gerardo; Dubeau, Louis; Yap, Li Peng; Park, Ryan; Vinciguerra, Manlio; Di Biase, Stefano; Mirzaei, Hamed; Mirisola, Mario G; Childress, Patra; Ji, Lingyun; Groshen, Susan; Penna, Fabio; Odetti, Patrizio; Perin, Laura; Conti, Peter S; Ikeno, Yuji; Kennedy, Brian K; Cohen, Pinchas; Morgan, Todd E; Dorff, Tanya B; Longo, Valter D
2015-07-01
Prolonged fasting (PF) promotes stress resistance, but its effects on longevity are poorly understood. We show that alternating PF and nutrient-rich medium extended yeast lifespan independently of established pro-longevity genes. In mice, 4 days of a diet that mimics fasting (FMD), developed to minimize the burden of PF, decreased the size of multiple organs/systems, an effect followed upon re-feeding by an elevated number of progenitor and stem cells and regeneration. Bi-monthly FMD cycles started at middle age extended longevity, lowered visceral fat, reduced cancer incidence and skin lesions, rejuvenated the immune system, and retarded bone mineral density loss. In old mice, FMD cycles promoted hippocampal neurogenesis, lowered IGF-1 levels and PKA activity, elevated NeuroD1, and improved cognitive performance. In a pilot clinical trial, three FMD cycles decreased risk factors/biomarkers for aging, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer without major adverse effects, providing support for the use of FMDs to promote healthspan. PMID:26094889
Mitral restenosis in the early postoperative period of a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Pomerantzeff Pablo Maria Alberto
1999-01-01
Full Text Available A forty eight year old woman, who had undergone mitral comissurotomy and subsequently developed early restenosis, presented with major comissural fusion and verrucous lesions on the cuspid edges of the mitral valve, with normal subvalvar apparatus. Patient did well for the first six months after surgery when she began to present dyspnea on light exertion. A clinical diagnosis of restenosis was made, which was confirmed by an echocardiogram and cardiac catheterization. She underwent surgery, and a stenotic mitral valve with verrucous lesions suggesting Libman-Sacks' endocarditis was found. Because the diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE had not been confirmed at that time, a bovine pericardium bioprosthesis (FISICS-INCOR was implanted. The patient did well in the late follow-up and is now in NYHA Class I .
Quantum phase transition and thermodynamic properties of a fourfold magnetic periodic system
Wang, Shuling; Li, Ruixue; Ding, Linjie; Fu, Hua-Hua; Zhu, Si-cong; Ni, Yun; Meng, Yan; Yao, Kailun
2014-12-01
Based on the experimental synthesis of organic compound verdazyl radical ?-3-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)-1,5-diphenylverdazyl, consisting of four antiferromagnetic couplings, we study the magnetic properties and thermodynamic behaviors for different antiferromagnetic interactions using Green’s function theory. Under different fields, there are five regimes containing two gapless phases and three magnetization plateaus (M=0, 1/2 and saturated magnetization) distinguished by four critical lines, which are evidenced by the two-site entanglement entropy and closely related to the energy spectra. In addition, we calculate the susceptibility and specific heat, to demonstrate the low-lying excitations at low temperatures. It will provide guidance for us to synthesize varieties of unconventional magnetic materials, and stimulate future studies on quantum spin systems.
IUPAC Periodic Table of Isotopes for the Educational Community
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
John Dalton first proposed the concept of atomic weights of the elements in the first decade of the nineteenth century. These atomic weights of the chemical elements were thought of as constants of nature, similar to the speed of light. Dmitri Mendeleev arranged the atomic weights of the elements in ascending order of value and used the systematic variation of their chemical properties to produce his Periodic Table of the Elements in 1869. Measurement of atomic weight values became an important chemical activity for a century and a half. Theodore Richards received a Noble Prize for his work in this area. In 1913, Fredrick Soddy found a species of radium, which had an atomic weight value of 228, compared to the familiar radium gas value of 226. Soddy coined the term 'isotope' (Greek for 'in the same place') to account for this second atomic weight value in the radium position of the Periodic Table. Both of these isotopes of radium are radioactive. Radioactive isotopes are energetically unstable and will decay (disintegrate) over time. The time it takes for one half of a sample of a given radioactive isotope to decay is the half-life of that isotope. In addition to having different atomic weight values, radium-226 and radium-228 also have different half-life values. Around the same time as Soddy's work, J.J. Thomson (discoverer of the electron) identified two stable (non-radioactive) isotopes of the same element, neon. Over the next 40 years, the majority of the known chemical elements were found to have two or more stable (or long-lived radioactive isotopes that contribute significantly to the determination of the atomic weights of the elements).
IUPAC Periodic Table of Isotopes for the Educational Community
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Holden N. E.; Holden,N.E.; Coplen,T.B.
2012-07-15
John Dalton first proposed the concept of atomic weights of the elements in the first decade of the nineteenth century. These atomic weights of the chemical elements were thought of as constants of nature, similar to the speed of light. Dmitri Mendeleev arranged the atomic weights of the elements in ascending order of value and used the systematic variation of their chemical properties to produce his Periodic Table of the Elements in 1869. Measurement of atomic weight values became an important chemical activity for a century and a half. Theodore Richards received a Noble Prize for his work in this area. In 1913, Fredrick Soddy found a species of radium, which had an atomic weight value of 228, compared to the familiar radium gas value of 226. Soddy coined the term 'isotope' (Greek for 'in the same place') to account for this second atomic weight value in the radium position of the Periodic Table. Both of these isotopes of radium are radioactive. Radioactive isotopes are energetically unstable and will decay (disintegrate) over time. The time it takes for one half of a sample of a given radioactive isotope to decay is the half-life of that isotope. In addition to having different atomic weight values, radium-226 and radium-228 also have different half-life values. Around the same time as Soddy's work, J.J. Thomson (discoverer of the electron) identified two stable (non-radioactive) isotopes of the same element, neon. Over the next 40 years, the majority of the known chemical elements were found to have two or more stable (or long-lived radioactive isotopes that contribute significantly to the determination of the atomic weights of the elements).
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The T-15 cryogenics system has been designed for cooling down, cryostatting, warming up of superconducting, cryoresistive and cryogenics T-15 objects. Maintenance of the cryogenics system has been on going since 1988. For the mentioned period, in the cryogenics T-15 system. The capacity of screw compressor was increased from 0.181 kg/s to 0.236 kg/s (third stage compressors with increased capacity were developed and manufactured), their reliability was also enhanced. The capacity of liquefiers was increased from 0.0833 - 0.0972 L/s (300-350 L/h) to 0.222 L/s (800 L/h) due to replacement of turboexpanders by more effective ones and due to introduction of an end-stage turboexpander into maintenance. The heat influxes to the cryogenics pipelines were reduced by 50%. For the same period some technological regimes of cryogenics system have been developed to produce the maximal output of cold. The cooling down from 110 K to 15 K is done, when one or two liquefiers are in operation under refrigerating conditions with the reverse flow splitting. The further cooling is performed under joint operation of two liquefiers; one of them operates in the liquefying mode, another, in the refrigerating one with excess reverse flow. A change in the operating conditions was necessary because of the impossibility of regulating the distribution of the reverse helium flow between two liquefiers at the temperature below 15K. The main regime at the level of 4.5 K is a two-loop operating diagrael of 4.5 K is a two-loop operating diagram, when one liquefier and a passive refrigerator with excessive reverse flow are in operation, the refrigerating capacity is about 3 kWThe T-15 cryogenics system has been designed for cooling down, cryostatting, warming up of superconducting, cryoresistive and cryogenics T-15 objects. Maintenance of the cryogenics system has been on going since 1988. For the mentioned period, in the cryogenics T-15 system. The capacity of screw compressor was increased from 0.181 kg/s to 0.236 kg/s (third stage compressors with increased capacity were developed and manufactured), their reliability was also enhanced. The capacity of liquefiers was increased from 0.0833 - 0.0972 L/s (300-350 L/h) to 0.222 L/s (800 L/h) due to replacement of turboexpanders by more effective ones and due to introduction of an end-stage turboexpander into maintenance. The heat influxes to the cryogenics pipelines were reduced by 50%. For the same period some technological regimes of cryogenics system have been developed to produce the maximal output of cold. The cooling down from 110 K to 15 K is done, when one or two liquefiers are in operation under refrigerating conditions with the reverse flow splitting. The further cooling is performed under joint operation of two liquefiers; one of them operates in the liquefying mode, another, in the refrigerating one with excess reverse flow. A change in the operating conditions was necessary because of the impossibility of regulating the distribution of the reverse helium flow between two liquefiers at the temperature below 15K. The main regime at the level of 4.5 K is a two-loop operating diagr
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Olsen, Bjarke Tobias; Smith Korsholm, Ulrik
2015-01-01
At the Danish Meteorological Institute, the NWP nowcasting system has been enhanced to include assimilation of 2D precipitation rates derived from weather radar observations. The assimilation is performed using a nudging-based technique. Here the rain rates are used to estimate the changes in the vertical profile of horizontal divergence needed to induce the observed rain rate. Verification of precipitation forecasts for a 17-day period in August 2010 based on the NWP nowcasting system is presented and compared to a reference without assimilation of precipitation data. In Denmark, this period was particularly rainy, with several heavy precipitation events. Three of these events are studied in detail. The verification is mainly based on scatter plots and fractions skill scores, which give scale-dependant indicators of the spatial skill of the forecasts. The study shows that the inclusion of precipitation observations has a positive impact on the spatial skill of the forecasts. This positive impact is the largest in the first hour, and then gradually decreases. On the average, the forecasts with assimilation of precipitation are skilful after 4 h on scales down to a few tens of kilometers. For the events studied, the assimilation improves the forecasted frequencies of heavy and light precipitation relative to the control, while there is some tendency to overpredict intermediate precipitation levels.
Olsen, Bjarke Tobias; Korsholm, Ulrik Smith; Petersen, Claus; Nielsen, Niels Woetmann; Sass, Bent Hansen; Vedel, Henrik
2015-10-01
At the Danish Meteorological Institute, the NWP nowcasting system has been enhanced to include assimilation of 2D precipitation rates derived from weather radar observations. The assimilation is performed using a nudging-based technique. Here the rain rates are used to estimate the changes in the vertical profile of horizontal divergence needed to induce the observed rain rate. Verification of precipitation forecasts for a 17-day period in August 2010 based on the NWP nowcasting system is presented and compared to a reference without assimilation of precipitation data. In Denmark, this period was particularly rainy, with several heavy precipitation events. Three of these events are studied in detail. The verification is mainly based on scatter plots and fractions skill scores, which give scale-dependant indicators of the spatial skill of the forecasts. The study shows that the inclusion of precipitation observations has a positive impact on the spatial skill of the forecasts. This positive impact is the largest in the first hour, and then gradually decreases. On the average, the forecasts with assimilation of precipitation are skilful after 4 h on scales down to a few tens of kilometers. For the events studied, the assimilation improves the forecasted frequencies of heavy and light precipitation relative to the control, while there is some tendency to overpredict intermediate precipitation levels.
Finite Elements for a Beam System With Nonlinear Contact Under Periodic Excitation
Hazim, Hamad
2009-01-01
Solar arrays are structures which are connected to satellites; during launch, they are in a folded position and submitted to high vibrations. In order to save mass, the flexibility of the panels is not negligible and they may strike each other; this may damage the structure. To prevent this, rubber snubbers are mounted at well chosen points of the structure; a prestress is applied to the snubber; but it is quite difficult to check the amount of prestress and the snubber may act only on one side; they will be modeled as one sided springs (see figure 2). In this article, some analysis for responses (displacements) in both time and frequency domains for a clamped-clamped Euler-Bernoulli beam model with a spring are presented. This spring can be unilateral or bilateral fixed at a point. The mounting (beam +spring) is fixed on a rigid support which has a sinusoidal motion of constant frequency. The system is also studied in the frequency domain by sweeping frequencies between two fixed values, in order to save the...
Existence of lattice solutions to semilinear elliptic systems with periodic potential
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Nicholas D. Alikakos
2012-01-01
Full Text Available Under the assumption that the potential W is invariant under a general discrete reflection group $G'=TG$ acting on $mathbb{R}^n$, we establish existence of G'-equivariant solutions to $Delta u - W_u(u = 0$, and find an estimate. By taking the size of the cell of the lattice in space domain to infinity, we obtain that these solutions converge to G-equivariant solutions connecting the minima of the potential W along certain directions at infinity. When particularized to the nonlinear harmonic oscillator $u''+alpha sin u=0$, $alpha>0$, the solutions correspond to those in the phase plane above and below the heteroclinic connections, while the G-equivariant solutions captured in the limit correspond to the heteroclinic connections themselves. Our main tool is the G'-positivity of the parabolic semigroup associated with the elliptic system which requires only the hypothesis of symmetry for W. The constructed solutions are positive in the sense that as maps from $mathbb{R}^n$ into itself leave the closure of the fundamental alcove (region invariant.
Finite elements for a beam system with nonlinear contact under periodic excitation
Hazim, H.; Rousselet, B.
Solar arrays are structures which are connected to satellites; during launch, they are in a folded position and submitted to high vibrations. In order to save mass, the flexibility of the panels is not negligible and they may strike each other; this may damage the structure. To prevent this, rubber snubbers are mounted at well chosen points of the structure; a prestress is applied to the snubber; but it is quite difficult to check the amount of prestress and the snubber may act only on one side; they will be modeled as one sided springs (see figure 2). In this article, some analysis for responses (displacements) in both time and frequency domains for a clamped-clamped Euler-Bernoulli beam model with a spring are presented. This spring can be unilateral or bilateral fixed at a point. The mounting (beam +spring) is fixed on a rigid support which has a sinusoidal motion of constant frequency. The system is also studied in the frequency domain by sweeping frequencies between two fixed values, in order to save the maximum of displacements corresponding to each frequency. Numerical results are compared with exact solutions in particular cases which already exist in the literature. On the other hand, a numerical and theoretical investigation of nonlinear normal mode (NNM) can be a new method to describe nonlinear behaviors, this work is in progress.
Quantum phase transition and thermodynamic properties of a fourfold magnetic periodic system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Based on the experimental synthesis of organic compound verdazyl radical ?-3-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)-1,5-diphenylverdazyl, consisting of four antiferromagnetic couplings, we study the magnetic properties and thermodynamic behaviors for different antiferromagnetic interactions using Green’s function theory. Under different fields, there are five regimes containing two gapless phases and three magnetization plateaus (M=0, 1/2 and saturated magnetization) distinguished by four critical lines, which are evidenced by the two-site entanglement entropy and closely related to the energy spectra. In addition, we calculate the susceptibility and specific heat, to demonstrate the low-lying excitations at low temperatures. It will provide guidance for us to synthesize varieties of unconventional magnetic materials, and stimulate future studies on quantum spin systems. - Highlights: • The antiferromagnetic interaction-magnetic field phase diagrams are constructed. • The magnetization per site makes different contribution to the 1/2 plateau. • The spectral functions for different magnetic interactions are studied. • We investigate the gapless or gapped low-lying excitations at low temperatures
Element separation before matter accretion of solar system planets in the light of the periodic law
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The proofs of element separation in protoplanet nebula of Protosolar system have been found. For this purpose the K1/K2 ratios of concentration of elements - chemical analogs in the rock samples of Venus, Earth, Mars and meteorites were compared. The new approach enabled the comparison of K1/K2 of the Earth and meteorites with K1/K2 of Venus and Mars obtained by elemental analysis of their rock samples. It has been found that at J2/J1>1 chemical analogs have K1/K2: on Venus probably less or at least commeasurable, on Mars and, especially in meteorites, considerably (several orders of magnitude) greater than in the Earth rocks (J1 and J2 are charged atoms fractions in photon flux of the Protosun). Other facts, which agree with the relationship K1/K2=f(R), where R is the average distance of a body from the Sun, were found. 41 refs.; 1 fig.; 5 tabs
Kang-Kang, Wang; Xian-Bin, Liu; Yu, Zhou
2015-08-01
In this paper, the stability and stochastic resonance (SR) phenomenon induced by the multiplicative periodic signal for a metapopulation system driven by the additive Gaussian noise, multiplicative non-Gaussian noise and noise correlation time is investigated. By using the fast descent method, unified colored noise approximation and McNamara and Wiesenfeld’s SR theory, the analytical expressions of the stationary probability distribution function and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) are derived in the adiabatic limit. Via numerical calculations, each effect of the addictive noise intensity, the multiplicative noise intensity and the correlation time upon the steady state probability distribution function and the SNR is discussed, respectively. It is shown that multiplicative, additive noises and the departure parameter from the Gaussian noise can all destroy the stability of the population system. However, the noise correlation time can consolidate the stability of the system. On the other hand, the correlation time always plays an important role in motivating the SR and enhancing the SNR. Under different parameter conditions of the system, the multiplicative, additive noises and the departure parameter can not only excite SR phenomenon, but also restrain the SR phenomenon, which demonstrates the complexity of different noises upon the nonlinear system.
Doummar, J.; Margane, A.; Sauter, M.; Geyer, T.
2012-04-01
It is primordial to understand the sensibility of a catchment or a spring against contamination to secure a sustainable water resource management in karst aquifers. Artificial tracer tests have proven to be excellent tools for the simulation of contaminant transport within an aquifer before its arrival at a karst spring as they provide information about transit times, dispersivities and therefore insights into the vulnerability of a water body against contamination (Geyer et al. 2007). For this purpose, extensive analysis of artificial tracer tests was undertaken in the following work, in order to acquire conservative transport parameters along fast and slow pathways in a mature karst system under various flow conditions. In the framework of the project "Protection of Jeita Spring" (BGR), about 30 tracer tests were conducted on the catchment area of the Jeita spring in Lebanon (Q= 1 to 20 m3/s) under various flow conditions and with different injection points (dolines, sinkholes, subsurface, and underground channel). Tracer breakthrough curves (TBC) observed at karst springs and in the conduit system were analyzed using the two-region non-equilibrium approach (2NREM) (Toride & van Genuchten 1999). The approach accounts for the skewness in the TBCs long tailings, which cannot be described with one dimensional advective-dispersive transport models (Geyer et al. 2007). Relationships between the modeling parameters estimated from the TBC were established under various flow periods. Rating curves for velocity and discharge show that the flow velocity increases with spring discharge. The calibrated portion of the immobile region in the conduit system is relatively low. Estimated longitudinal dispersivities in the conduit system range between 7 and 10 m in high flow periods and decreases linearly with increasing flow. In low flow periods, this relationship doesn't hold true as longitudinal dispersivities range randomly between 4 and 7 m. The longitudinal dispersivity decreases with increasing flow rates because of the increase of advection control over dispersion and increasing dilution. Therefore variance of the TBC is controlled on the hand by dispersivity during high flow periods and on the other hand by increasing mobile phase in low flow periods due to an increase of the portion of immobile zones (pools and ripples) as water level decreases. For tracer tests with injection points at the surface, longitudinal dispersivities are found to be of higher ranges (8-27 m) and highly reflective of the compartments in which the tracer is flowing (unsaturated rock matrix, conduits or channel). The comparison of tracer tests with different injection points shows clearly that the tailing observed in some of the breakthrough curves is mainly generated in the unsaturated zone before the tracer arrives to the main channel draining the system and decreases gradually within the channel. Geyer, T. , Birk S., Licha T., Liedl R., Sauter M. (2007): Multitracer Approach to Characterize Reactive Transport in Karst Aquifers. Groundwater, Vol. 35, No 1. 35-45. Toride, N., Leij, F.J., van Genuchten, M.T., 1999. The CXTFIT code (version 2.1) for estimating transport parameters from laboratory or field tracer experiments. U.S. Salinity Laboratory Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture Riverside, California. Research Report 137.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rundong Ge
2015-04-01
Full Text Available In the traditional studies on small-signal stability probability of a power system with wind farms, the frequency of wind speed was often assumed to obey to some extent a particular probability distribution. The stability probability that is thus obtained, however, actually only reflects the power system stability characteristics on long time scales. In fact, there is a direct correlation between the change of wind speed and the current state of wind speed, resulting in the system stability characteristics in different time periods having a great difference compared with that of long time scales. However, the dispatchers are more concerned about the probability that the power system remains stable in the next period or after several periods, namely the stability characteristics of the power system in a short period or multi-period. Therefore, research on multi-period small-signal stability probability of a power system with wind farms has important theoretical value and practical significance. Based on the Markov chain, this paper conducted in-depth research on this subject. Firstly, the basic principle of the Markov chain was introduced, based on which we studied the uncertainty of wind power by adopting the transition matrix and the wind speed?power output transformation model and established the probability distribution model of multi-period wind power. Then the boundary-based small-signal stability probability evaluation method was used to establish an evaluation model of multi-period small-signal stability probability of power system with wind farms. Finally, taking the power system with two wind farms as an example, we analyzed its small-signal stability probability and studied the influence of the initial states of wind speed and different periods on the probability of stability. This study provides a new method and support for analyzing the small-signal stability probability of a power system with wind farms.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A model is established for the calculation of the short-period reliability in an interconnected system. This model takes into account the technical and economic boundary conditions for emergency power in case of power-station failures or for agreements as to emergency-power periods. The short-period reliability is represented as a function of the high-speed reserve. This gives an opportunity for optimum use and better planning of the economically important power-station reserve. (orig.)
Angulo, J; Pilod, D; Angulo, Jaime; Matheus, Carlos; Pilod, Didier
2007-01-01
The objective of this paper is two-fold: firstly, we develop a local and global (in time) well-posedness theory of a system describing the motion of two fluids with different densities under capillary-gravity waves in a deep water flow (namely, a Schr\\"odinger-Benjamin-Ono system) for \\emph{low-regularity} initial data in both periodic and continuous cases; secondly, a family of new periodic travelling waves for the Schr\\"odinger-Benjamin-Ono system is given: by fixing a minimal period we obtain, via the implicit function theorem, a smooth branch of periodic solutions bifurcating of the Jacobian elliptic function called {\\it dnoidal}, and, moreover, we prove that all these periodic travelling waves are nonlinearly stable by perturbations with the same wavelength.
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The stochastic resonance (SR) phenomenon induced by a multiplicative periodic signal in a bistable system with cross-correlated noises and time delay is studied. Two cases have been considered: the case of a system with no delay and the case of a system with time-delayed feedback. The expressions for the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) are derived, for both cases. The effects of the cross-correlated noise intensity (?) and the delay time (?) on the SNR are discussed. It is found that the existence of a maximum in the SNR is the identifying characteristic of the SR phenomenon. In contrast with the case for the SR induced by an additive signal, here both ? and ? have critical values in SR when the SNR as a function of the noise intensities, i.e., ? (or ?), suppresses the SR for ? (or ?) below the critical value while it enhances the SR for ? (or ?) above the critical value. ? suppresses the SR in the SNR as a function of ? while it enhances the SR in the SNR as a function of the noise intensities. The SNR is not only dependent on ?, ? and the noise intensities, but also on the initial condition of the system
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Narges Parhizi
2015-06-01
Full Text Available Optimal energy management in systems based on multiple Microgrids (MG is a vital component to ensure the economic dispatch of generation resources. Energy management system (EMS can be employed to achieve the optimum utilization of resources, to reach the operational performance targets in the MGs as well as to control exchange power among them and with grid as well. In this regard, a double-layer control scheme (DLCS equipped with primary and secondary controllers are proposed in this paper. In primary control level, EMS is operating separately for each MG by considering the problem constraints and uncertainty of renewable resources by using Taguchi’s approach, power set-points of generation resources and possible shortage or surplus of power generation in the MGs. Then, the shortage or surplus generation of the MGs should be submitted to a central energy management system (CEMS at the secondary layer. In order to validate the proposed control structure, a case study including two MGs and a lumped load is simulated and optimized based on multi-period imperialist competition (MICA algorithm. Different scenarios are applied to evaluate the performance of the proposed DLCS. The obtained results clearly show that the proposed DLCS is effective for achieving optimal dispatch of generation resources in systems with multiple MGs. Furthermore, the proposed DLCS is able to control the performance of the MGs in interaction with the grid and with each other as well.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The paper presents a probabilistic method of substantiation of reassignment of periodicity and scope of scheduled repairs and tests for heat-mechanic equipment of safety systems. Because of realised calculations, the conditions of optimisation of test periodicity and possibility of application of nondesign strategies of scheduled repair are defined
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The paper presents a probabilistic method of substantiation of reassignment of periodicity and scope of scheduled repairs and tests for heat-mechanic equipment of safety systems. Because of realised calculations, the conditions of optimisation of test periodicity and possibility of application of nondesign strategies of scheduled repair are defined
A system for generating long streamflow records for study of floods of long return period: Phase 2
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Knowledge of the return periods of large floods is required to make risk analyses for nuclear power plants subject to flooding from rivers. The system reported here combined the stochastic simulation of hourly rainfall data and daily pan evaporation data with the deterministic simulation of streamflow by using the synthetic rainfall and evaporation data as input to a calibrated rainfall runoff model. The sequence of annual maximum flood peaks from a synthetic record of 10,000 years or more was then analyzed to obtain estimates of flood frequency. The reasonableness of the flood frequency results must be evaluated on the degree of mimicry of the key characteristics of the observed rainfall data and the ability of the rainfall-runoff model to mimic the observed flood frequency during the calibration period. On this basis, the flood frequency results appeared to be a reasonable extrapolation of the data used in defining the model parameters. There is a need to develop regional parameters for the stochastic models and to conduct research on the relationship between the stochastic structure of rainfall and stochastic structure of flood frequency. The methodology is applicable, assuming a highly skilled analyst, to watersheds similar to those already tested
Francini, Andrea
2013-05-14
An advance is made over the prior art in accordance with the principles of the present invention that is directed to a new approach for a system and method for a buffer management scheme called Periodic Early Discard (PED). The invention builds on the observation that, in presence of TCP traffic, the length of a queue can be stabilized by selection of an appropriate frequency for packet dropping. For any combination of number of TCP connections and distribution of the respective RTT values, there exists an ideal packet drop frequency that prevents the queue from over-flowing or under-flowing. While the value of the ideal packet drop frequency may quickly change over time and is sensitive to the series of TCP connections affected by past packet losses, and most of all is impossible to compute inline, it is possible to approximate it with a margin of error that allows keeping the queue occupancy within a pre-defined range for extended periods of time. The PED scheme aims at tracking the (unknown) ideal packet drop frequency, adjusting the approximated value based on the evolution of the queue occupancy, with corrections of the approximated packet drop frequency that occur at a timescale that is comparable to the aggregate time constant of the set of TCP connections that traverse the queue.
Almendros, J.; Chouet, B.; Dawson, P.; Bond, T.
2002-01-01
We analyzed 16 seismic events recorded by the Hawaiian broad-band seismic network at Kilauca Volcano during the period September 9-26, 1999. Two distinct types of event are identified based on their spectral content, very-long-period (VLP) waveform, amplitude decay pattern and particle motion. We locate the VLP signals with a method based on analyses of semblance and particle motion. Different source regions are identified for the two event types. One source region is located at depths of ~1 km beneath the northeast edge of the Halemaumau pit crater. A second region is located at depths of ~8 km below the northwest quadrant of Kilauea caldera. Our study represents the first time that such deep sources have been identified in VLP data at Kilauea. This discovery opens the possibility of obtaining a detailed image of the location and geometry of the magma plumbing system beneath this volcano based on source locations and moment tensor inversions of VLP signals recorded by a permanent, large-aperture broad-band network.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Occupational irradiation data, made available by the system of individual dosimetric control, are analyzed. It is demonstrated that the annual dose distribution is in accordance with the logarithm of normal distribution. The obtained values of the average dose in industry, medicine, science and educatuin during the period 1972 through 1980 are respectively 3.7 mSv, 1.0 mSv and 0.45 mSv. In some lines the average annual dose considerably exceeds the average annual dose for the respective branch, e.g. for workers in gamma defectoscopy it amounts to 9.1 mSv, while for medical personnel of deep and curi therapy - 2.1 mSv. (author)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This paper investigates the stochastic resonance (SR) induced by a multiplicative periodic signal in the gene transcriptional regulatory system with correlated noises. The expression of the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is derived. The results indicate that the existence of a maximum in SNR vs. the additive noise intensity ?, the multiplicative noise intensity D and the cross-correlated noise intensity ? is the identifying characteristic of the SR phenomenon and there is a critical phenomenon in the SNR as a function of ?, i.e., for the case of smaller values of noise intensity (? or D), the SNR decreases as ? increases; however, for the case of larger values of noise intensity (? or D), the SNR increases as ? increases. (general)
Halem, M.; Kalnay, E.; Baker, W. E.; Atlas, R.
1982-01-01
The sensitivity of a Goddard Laboratory for Atmospheric Sciences global objective analysis cycle to the addition of FGGE level II-b data is assessed. The GOAS system comprises a predictive continuity provided by a model first-guess forecast integrated from a previous forecast and updated by data gathered in the interim. FGGE data originated in the Jan.-Mar. 1979 period and were acquired by rawinsondes, pilot balloons, surface stations, satellites, ships, and drifting buoys deployed during SOP-1. Focussing on 2-5 and 8-day forecasts, comparisons were made of the 6 hr forecast error at the 300 mb height in three experiments using all, no-satellite (NOSAT), and without rawinsondes or pilot balloons modes. Larger errors occurred in the case of NOSAT, while significant corrections to the GOAS predictions were noted using all the FGGE data. It was concluded that all forecasts were improved by inclusion of full FGGE data sets, including forecasting beyond one week.
Lin, Shou-Tai; Hsieh, Chuan-Sheng
2012-12-31
This study presents a diode-pumped cw triple-wavelength Nd:GdVO? laser system using an electro-optic periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) Bragg modulator. The PPLN consists of two cascaded sections, 20.3 ?m and 25.7 ?m, functioning as loss modulators for 1063 and 1342 nm at the same Bragg incident angle. When switching the dc voltages on PPLN and applying 25 W pump power, the output wavelength can be selected among 912, 1063, and 1342 nm with output power of 2, 5, and 1.4 W, respectively. The device is capable of triple-wavelength generation simultaneous when applied voltages are 180 (? = 20.3 ?m) and -50 V (? = 25.7 ?m) at a 25 W pump power. Gain competition induced power instability was also observed. PMID:23388793
Searches for periodic neutrino emission from binary systems with 22 and 40 strings of IceCube
Abbasi, R; Abu-Zayyad, T; Ackermann, M; Adams, J; Aguilar, J A; Ahlers, M; Allen, M M; Altmann, D; Andeen, K; Auffenberg, J; Bai, X; Baker, M; Barwick, S W; Bay, R; Alba, J L Bazo; Beattie, K; Beatty, J J; Bechet, S; Becker, J K; Becker, K -H; Benabderrahmane, M L; BenZvi, S; Berdermann, J; Berghaus, P; Berley, D; Bernardini, E; Bertrand, D; Besson, D Z; Bindig, D; Bissok, M; Blaufuss, E; Blumenthal, J; Boersma, D J; Bohm, C; Bose, D; Böser, S; Botner, O; Brown, A M; Buitink, S; Caballero-Mora, K S; Carson, M; Chirkin, D; Christy, B; Clevermann, F; Cohen, S; Colnard, C; Cowen, D F; Silva, A H Cruz; D'Agostino, M V; Danninger, M; Daughhetee, J; Davis, J C; De Clercq, C; Degner, T; Demirörs, L; Descamps, F; Desiati, P; de Vries-Uiterweerd, G; DeYoung, T; Díaz-Vélez, J C; Dierckxsens, M; Dreyer, J; Dumm, J P; Dunkman, M; Eisch, J; Ellsworth, R W; Engdegård, O; Euler, S; Evenson, P A; Fadiran, O; Fazely, A R; Fedynitch, A; Feintzeig, J; Feusels, T; Filimonov, K; Finley, C; Fischer-Wasels, T; Fox, B D; Franckowiak, A; Franke, R; Gaisser, T K; Gallagher, J; Gerhardt, L; Gladstone, L; Glüsenkamp, T; Goldschmidt, A; Goodman, J A; Góra, D; Grant, D; Griesel, T; Groß, A; Grullon, S; Gurtner, M; Ha, C; Ismail, A Haj; Hallgren, A; Halzen, F; Han, K; Hanson, K; Heinen, D; Helbing, K; Hellauer, R; Hickford, S; Hill, G C; Hoffman, K D; Hoffmann, B; Homeier, A; Hoshina, K; Huelsnitz, W; Hülß, J -P; Hulth, P O; Hultqvist, K; Hussain, S; Ishihara, A; Jacobi, E; Jacobsen, J; Japaridze, G S; Johansson, H; Kampert, K -H; Kappes, A; Karg, T; Karle, A; Kenny, P; Kiryluk, J; Kislat, F; Klein, S R; Köhne, J -H; Kohnen, G; Kolanoski, H; Köpke, L; Kopper, S; Koskinen, D J; Kowalski, M; Kowarik, T; Krasberg, M; Kroll, G; Kurahashi, N; Kuwabara, T; Labare, M; Laihem, K; Landsman, H; Larson, M J; Lauer, R; Lünemann, J; Madsen, J; Marotta, A; Maruyama, R; Mase, K; Matis, H S; Meagher, K; Merck, M; Mészáros, P; Meures, T; Miarecki, S; Middell, E; Milke, N; Miller, J; Montaruli, T; Morse, R; Movit, S M; Nahnhauer, R; Nam, J W; Naumann, U; Nygren, D R; Odrowski, S; Olivas, A; Olivo, M; O'Murchadha, A; Panknin, S; Paul, L; Heros, C Pérez de los; Petrovic, J; Piegsa, A; Pieloth, D; Porrata, R; Posselt, J; Price, P B; Przybylski, G T; Rawlins, K; Redl, P; Resconi, E; Rhode, W; Ribordy, M; Richman, M; Rodrigues, J P; Rothmaier, F; Rott, C; Ruhe, T; Rutledge, D; Ruzybayev, B; Ryckbosch, D; Sander, H -G; Santander, M; Sarkar, S; Schatto, K; Schmidt, T; Schönwald, A; Schukraft, A; Schultes, A; Schulz, O; Schunck, M; Seckel, D; Semburg, B; Seo, S H; Sestayo, Y; Seunarine, S; Silvestri, A; Spiczak, G M; Spiering, C; Stamatikos, M; Stanev, T; Stezelberger, T; Stokstad, R G; Stößl, A; Strahler, E A; Ström, R; Stüer, M; Sullivan, G W; Swillens, Q; Taavola, H; Taboada, I; Tamburro, A; Tepe, A; Ter-Antonyan, S; Tilav, S; Toale, P A; Toscano, S; Tosi, D; van Eijndhoven, N; Vandenbroucke, J; Van Overloop, A; van Santen, J; Vehring, M; Voge, M; Walck, C; Waldenmaier, T; Wallraff, M; Walter, M; Weaver, Ch; Wendt, C; Westerhoff, S; Whitehorn, N; Wiebe, K; Wiebusch, C H; Williams, D R; Wischnewski, R; Wissing, H; Wolf, M; Wood, T R; Woschnagg, K; Xu, C; Xu, D L; Xu, X W; Yanez, J P; Yodh, G; Yoshida, S; Zarzhitsky, P; Zoll, M
2011-01-01
Recent observations of GeV/TeV photon emission from several X-ray binaries have sparked a renewed interest in these objects as galactic particle accelerators. In spite of the available multi-wavelength data, their acceleration mechanisms are not determined, and the nature of the accelerated particles (hadrons or leptons) is unknown. While much evidence favors leptonic emission, it is very likely that a hadronic component is also accelerated in the jets of these binary systems. The observation of neutrino emission would be clear evidence for the presence of a hadronic component in the outflow of these sources. In this paper we look for periodic neutrino emission from binary systems. Such modulation, observed in the photon flux, would be caused by the geometry of these systems. The results of two searches are presented that differ in the treatment of the spectral shape and phase of the emission. The 'generic' search allows parameters to vary freely and best fit values, in a 'model-dependent' search, predictions...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhang Long [College of Mathematics and System Sciences, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046 (China)], E-mail: longzhang_xj@sohu.com; Teng Zhidong [College of Mathematics and System Sciences, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046 (China)], E-mail: zhidong@xju.edu.cn
2008-05-15
In this paper, we study two species predator-prey Lotka-Volterra type dispersal system with periodic coefficients, in which the prey species can disperse among n patches, while the density-independent predator species is confined to one of the patches and cannot disperse. Sufficient conditions on the boundedness, permanence and existence of positive periodic solution for this system are established. The theoretical results are confirmed by a special example and numerical simulations.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
After 50 years of centralized economy, since 1989, Romania faces many challenges related to the internal conditions and to the new trends in energy markets over the world as: the existing low efficiency and availability, fast structural changes; the decentralization and privatization of the energy sector with new structures and entities; integration in EU and NATO structures. At present, with transition from the national vertical integrated monopolies to an open market, the determination of the global optimum development scenario of the power and heat sector becomes more important in order to find the policy which can lead the own strategies of different companies involved on market to a sustainable development of the society. The paper presents four long term development scenarios of the electricity and heat sector quantified from different points of view: technical, economical, environmental, social criteria, security of supply, risk diminishing etc and it continues by determining the long term global optimum development scenario integrated in the sustainable energy system. (authors)
Rubenstein, Eric P.
2001-01-01
Field W UMa binaries observe a well known Period-Color Relation such that systems containing more massive stars are bluer and have longer orbital periods than those systems with lower mass components. However, it has been known for a decade that metal-poor W UMa's are too blue, have too short an orbital period, or both. Correcting the observed color for the reduced line blanketing in the atmosphere of a Pop II star only accounts for part of the observed discrepancy. As other...
2013-01-25
...the approval period for these tests to September 30, 2013. Thus, all tests determined to be suitable for...the sunset period for expiring tests provided in the August 2012...e.g., braille, large print, audiotape, or compact...
... when you talk to your doctor. What can affect your period top Stress. If you are under a lot of stress, your periods might stop for a bit, but they usually begin again when your stress goes down. Exercise. Too much physical activity can cause your body fat to be very low, which can cause ...
Searches for Periodic Neutrino Emission from Binary Systems with 22 and 40 Strings of IceCube
Abassi, R.; Abdou, Y.; Abu-Zayyad, T.; Ackermann, M.; Adams, J.; Aguilar, J. A.; Ahlers, M.; Allen, M. M.; Altmann, D.; Andeen, K.; Auffenberg, J.; Bai, X.; Baker, M.; Barwick, S. W.; Bay, R.; Bazo Alba, J. L.; Beattie, K.; Beatty, J. J.; Bechet, S.; Becker, J. K.; Becker, K.-H.; Benabderrahmane, M. L.; BenZvi, S.; Berdermann, J.; Berghaus, P.
2011-01-01
Recent observations of GeV /TeV photon emission from several X-ray binaries have sparked a renewed interest in these objects as galactic particle accelerators. In spite of the available multi-wavelength data, their acceleration mechanisms are not determined, and the nature of the accelerated particles (hadrons or leptons) is unknown. While much evidence favors leptonic emission, it is very likely that a hadronic component is also accelerated in the jets of these binary systems. The observation of neutrino emission would be clear evidence for the presence of a hadronic component in the outflow of these sources. In this paper we look for periodic neutrino emission from binary systems. Such modulation, observed in the photon flux, would be caused by the geometry of these systems. The results of two searches are presented that differ in the treatment of the spectral shape and phase of the emission. The 'generic' search allows parameters to vary freely and best fit values, in a 'model-dependent' search, predictions are used to constrain these parameters. We use the IceCube data taken from May 31, 2007 to April 5, 2008 with its 22-string configuration, and from April 5, 2008 and May 20, 2009 with its 40-string configuration. For the generic search and the 40 string sample, we find that the most significant source in the catalog of 7 binary stars is Cygnus X-3 with a 1.8% probability after trials (2.10" sigma one-sided) of being produced by statistical fluctuations of the background. The model-dependent method tested a range of system geometries - the inclination and the massive star's disk size - for LS I+61 deg 303, no significant excess was found.
Rossi, Stefano; Fortunati, Ilaria; Carnevali, Luca; Baruffi, Silvana; Mastorci, Francesca; Trombini, Mimosa; Sgoifo, Andrea; Corradi, Domenico; Callegari, Sergio; Miragoli, Michele; Macchi, Emilio
2014-01-01
Advanced age alone appears to be a risk factor for increased susceptibility to cardiac arrhythmias. We previously observed in the aged rat heart that sinus rhythm ventricular activation is delayed and characterized by abnormal epicardial patterns although conduction velocity is normal. While these findings relate to an advanced stage of aging, it is not yet known when and how ventricular electrical impairment originates and which is the underlying substrate. To address these points, we performed continuous telemetry ECG recordings in freely moving rats over a six-month period to monitor ECG waveform changes, heart rate variability and the incidence of cardiac arrhythmias. At the end of the study, we performed in-vivo multiple lead epicardial recordings and histopathology of cardiac tissue. We found that the duration of ECG waves and intervals gradually increased and heart rate variability gradually decreased with age. Moreover, the incidence of cardiac arrhythmias gradually increased, with atrial arrhythmias exceeding ventricular arrhythmias. Epicardial multiple lead recordings confirmed abnormalities in ventricular activation patterns, likely attributable to distal conducting system dysfunctions. Microscopic analysis of aged heart specimens revealed multifocal connective tissue deposition and perinuclear myocytolysis in the atria. Our results demonstrate that aging gradually modifies the terminal part of the specialized cardiac conducting system, creating a substrate for increased arrhythmogenesis. These findings may open new therapeutic options in the management of cardiac arrhythmias in the elderly population. PMID:25398004
Jiang, Yanjun; Liu, Xinlong; Chen, Yafei; Zhou, Liya; He, Ying; Ma, Li; Gao, Jing
2014-02-01
A novel catalytic system of Pickering emulsion stabilized by lipase-containing periodic mesoporous organosilica was constructed (named LP@PE) and used as biocatalyst for biodiesel production. The reaction parameters were optimized and the optimum conditions were as follows: the water fraction 0.65%, molar ratio of ethanol to oleic acid 2:1, immobilized lipase particles 150mg, phosphate buffer pH 7.0 and temperature 30°C. Under these conditions, the maximum biodiesel yield obtained via esterification of oleic acid with ethanol could reach 95.8%. The biodiesel yield could maintain 88.6% after LP@PE was used 15times. The LP@PE was also used in the synthesis of biodiesel from Jatropha curcas oil. The highest yield could reach 87.1% and the yield was 73.0% after 10 cycles. All these results demonstrated that Pickering emulsion system stabilized by immobilized enzyme may possess much potential in many enzymatic industrial applications. PMID:24368276
Quantum 3D spin-glass system on the scales of space-time periods of external electromagnetic fields
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A dielectric medium consisting of rigidly polarized molecules has been treated as a quantum 3D disordered spin system. It is shown that using Birkhoff’s ergodic hypothesis the initial 3D disordered spin problem on scales of space-time periods of external field is reduced to two conditionally separable 1D problems. The first problem describes a 1D disordered N-particle quantum system with relaxation in random environment while the second one describes statistical properties of ensemble of disordered 1D steric spin chains of certain length. Basing on constructions which are developed in both problems, the coefficient of polarizability related to collective orientational effects under the influence of external field was calculated. On the basis of these investigations the equation of Clausius-Mossotti (CM) has been generalized as well as the equation for permittivity. It is shown that under the influence of weak standing electromagnetic fields in the equation of CM arising of catastrophe is possible, that can substantially change behavior of permittivity in the X-ray region on the macroscopic scale of space.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The distribution of mercury contamination in the Santos - Sao Vicente Estuarine System was observed through the analysis of seventy seven surface sediments samples collected in two series. In different periods and points, since the Channel of Piacaguera, the head of the system, , through the estuarine arms of Santos and Sao Vicente as far as the Bay of Santos, about 30 Km downstream, and in different mangrove areas, including industrial and harbor influence zones. The obtained values ranged from 0.03 to 1.19 ?g g -1 About 90% of the samples of the first series collected among 1997-1998 and 50% of the second series collected among 1999-2000 presented levels of Hg > 0,13 ?g g -1 ,limit considered by the Canadian legislation and adopted by CETESB, below which doesn't happen adverse effect in the biological community. And about 35% of samples of the first series and 11 % of the second series presented concentrations of Hg > 0.698 ?g g -1 probable level of occurrence of adverse effect in the biological community. These results indicate an increase of the mercury levels caused by the industrial, port and urban activities. The mercury concentration in sediments was determined by using an Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer, coupling with a flow injection system by a cold vapor generation, using a manual injection valve (FIA-CVAAS). The estimate of the uncertainties associated to this procedure was calculated. The following elements were also determined: Fe, Al, Zn, Ni, Pb, Cd, Cr and Co in 46 samples of the second series, by atomic absorption spectrometry. In order to verify possible relationship among all the investigated elements in the samples sediments, was carried out a statistical study, using the SPSS-8.0 software. Pearson correlation and Principal Component's analysis were used for with the objective to identify of major relationship for additional exploration of the general behavior of the data. (author)
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Selen Bahçeci
2007-01-01
Full Text Available Diabetic cardiomyopathy is one of the chronic complication of diabetes and acute effects of diabetes on heart and aorta is not clear. We aimed to determine acute effects of diabetes on cardio-vasculare system with light microscopy. We used 20 Spraque-Dawley rats and applied 150 mg/kg alloxan, intraperitoneally for inducing diabetes and 1 ml SF in control group. After 24 hours, venous blood samples were measured. Blood glucose levels higher than 250 mg/dl were accepted as DM and treated with 4 IU/d human insülin. After 7 days rats were sacrified under ketamin anaesthesia. Heart and aorta were fixed in 10 % buffered formalin. The sectiones were embedded in paraffin and were serially sectioned at 5 ?m thickness, then stained with Hematoxyline-Eosine (H&E and Heidenhein’s Azan modification.There was no histopathological changes in cardiac muscle cells in control group. But there was a heterogen appearance in cardiac muscle cells and we determined some hydropic degenerations in some of the cardiac muscle cells and a minimal fibrosis in perivasculare and interstitial area in diabetic group. All histological stratums of aorta were seen normally in control group. In diabetic group, there was a clear anisostosis in smooth muscle cells and decreased in nucleus of smooth muscle cells in tunica media. We concluted that DM is caused degeneration and fibrosis in cardiac muscle cells and effective on smooth muscle cells in aorta in acute period.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Funakoshi, Satoshi; Sato, Tomoyoshi; Miyazaki, Takeshi, E-mail: funakosi@miyazaki.mce.uec.ac.jp, E-mail: miyazaki@mce.uec.ac.jp [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Intelligent Systems, University of Electro-Communications, 1-5-1, Chofugaoka, Chofu, Tokyo 182-8585 (Japan)
2012-06-01
We investigate the statistical mechanics of quasi-geostrophic point vortices of mixed sign (bi-disperse system) numerically and theoretically. Direct numerical simulations under periodic boundary conditions are performed using a fast special-purpose computer for molecular dynamics (GRAPE-DR). Clustering of point vortices of like sign is observed and two-dimensional (2D) equilibrium states are formed. It is shown that they are the solutions of the 2D mean-field equation, i.e. the sinh-Poisson equation. The sinh-Poisson equation is generalized to study the 3D nature of the equilibrium states, and a new mean-field equation with the 3D Laplace operator is derived based on the maximum entropy theory. 3D solutions are obtained at very low energy level. These solution branches, however, cannot be traced up to the higher energy level at which the direct numerical simulations are performed, and transitions to 2D solution branches take place when the energy is increased. (paper)
Gopalswamy, Nat; Yan, Yihua
2015-01-01
This paper presents an overview of results obtained during the CAWSES II period on the short term variability of the Sun and how it affects the near Earth space environment. CAWSES II was planned to examine the behavior of the solar terrestrial system as the solar activity climbed to its maximum phase in solar cycle 24. After a deep minimum following cycle 23, the Sun climbed to a very weak maximum in terms of the sunspot number in cycle 24 (MiniMax24), so many of the results presented here refer to this weak activity in comparison with cycle 23. The short term variability that has immediate consequence to Earth and geospace manifests as solar eruptions from closed field regions and high speed streams from coronal holes. Both electromagnetic (flares) and mass emissions (coronal mass ejections, CMEs) are involved in solar eruptions, while coronal holes result in high speed streams that collide with slow wind forming the so called corotating interaction regions (CIRs). Fast CMEs affect Earth via leading shocks ...
Jiang, Kejian; Zhu, Changsheng
2011-05-01
A method for multi-frequency periodic vibration suppressing in active magnetic bearing (AMB)-rotor systems is proposed, which is based on an adaptive finite-duration impulse response (FIR) filter in time domain. Firstly, the theoretic feasibility of the method is proved. However, two problems would be unavoidable, if the conventional adaptive FIR filter is adopted in practical application. One is that the convergence rate of the different frequency components may be highly disparate in multi-frequency vibration control. The other is that the computational complexity is significantly increased because the long memory FIR filter is required to match the transient response time of the AMB-rotor system. To overcome the problems above, the Fast Block Least Mean Square (FBLMS) algorithm is adopted to efficiently implement the computation in frequency domain at a computational cost far less than that of the conventional FIR filter. By the FBLMS algorithm, regardless of the number of the considered frequency components in vibration disturbance, the computational complexity would be invariable. Moreover, filter's weights in the FBLMS algorithm have the intuitional relation with signal's frequency. As a result, the convergence rate of each frequency component can be adjusted by assigning the individual step size parameter for each weight. Experiments with the reciprocating simulating disturbance test and the rotating harmonic vibration test were carried out on an AMB-rigid rotor test rig with a vertical shaft. The experiment results indicate that the proposed method with the FBLMS algorithm can achieve the good effectiveness for suppressing the multi-frequency vibration. The convergence property of each frequency component can be adjusted conveniently. Each harmonic component of the vibration can be addressed, respectively, by reconfiguring the frequency components of the reference input signal.
THE STELLAR OBLIQUITY AND THE LONG-PERIOD PLANET IN THE HAT-P-17 EXOPLANETARY SYSTEM
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We present the measured projected obliquity—the sky-projected angle between the stellar spin axis and orbital angular momentum—of the inner planet of the HAT-P-17 multi-planet system. We measure the sky-projected obliquity of the star to be ?=19+14-16 deg by modeling the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect in Keck/HIRES radial velocities (RVs). The anomalous RV time series shows an asymmetry relative to the midtransit time, ordinarily suggesting a nonzero obliquity—but in this case at least part of the asymmetry may be due to the convective blueshift, increasing the uncertainty in the determination of ?. We employ the semi-analytical approach of Hirano et al. that includes the effects of macroturbulence, instrumental broadening, and convective blueshift to accurately model the anomaly in the net RV caused by the planet eclipsing part of the rotating star. Obliquity measurements are an important tool for testing theories of planet formation and migration. To date, the measured obliquities of ?50 Jovian planets span the full range, from prograde to retrograde, with planets orbiting cool stars preferentially showing alignment of stellar spins and planetary orbits. Our results are consistent with this pattern emerging from tidal interactions in the convective envelopes of cool stars and close-in planets. In addition, our 1.8 yr of new RVs for this system show that the orbit of the outer planet is more poorly constrained than previously thought, with an orbital period now in the range of 10-36 yr
Napp, Diego; Shankar, Shiva
2010-01-01
This paper studies behaviors that are defined on a torus, or equivalently, behaviors defined in spaces of periodic functions, and establishes their basic properties analogous to classical results of Malgrange, Palamodov, Oberst et al. for behaviors on R^n. These properties - in particular the Nullstellensatz describing the Willems closure - are closely related to integral and rational points on affine algebraic varieties.
Bertol, Ildegardis; Vidal Vázquez, Eva; Paz Ferreiro, Jorge
2010-05-01
Soil erosion still remains a persistent issue in the world, and this in spite of the efforts to ameliorate soil management systems taken into account the point of view of environmental protection against soil losses. In South Brazil water erosion is mainly associated to rainfall events with a great volume and high intensity, which are more or less evenly distributed all over the year. Nowadays, direct drilling is the most widely soil management system used for the main crops of the region. However, some crops still are grown on conventionally tilled soils, which means mainly ploughing and harrowing and less frequently chisel ploughing. In Lages-Santa Catarina State, Brazil, a plot experiment under natural rain was started in 1992 on an Inceptisol with the aim of quantifying soil and water losses. Treatments included bare and vegetated plots. The crop succession was: oats (Avena strigosa), soybean (Glycine max), vetch (Vicia sativa), maize (Zea mays), fodder radish (Raphanus sativus) and beans (Phaseolus vulgaris). Soil tillage systems investigated in this study were: i) conventional tillage (CT), ii) reduced tillage (MT), iii) no tillage (NT) under crop rotation and iv) conventional tillage on bare soil (BS). Treatments CT and BS involved ploughing plus twice harrowing, whereas MT involved chisel ploughing plus harrowing. Rainfall erosivity from January 1 1992 to December 31 2009 was calculated. Soil losses from the BS treatment along the 17 year study period were higher than 1200 Mg ha-1. Crop cover significantly reduced erosion, so that under some crops soil losses in the CT treatment were 80% lower than in the BS treatment. In turn soil losses in the MT treatment, where tillage was performed by chiselling and harrowing, were on average about 50% lower than in the CT treatment. No tillage was the most efficient soil management system in reducing soil erosion, so that soil losses in the NT treatment were about 98% lower than in the BS treatment. The three vegetated treatments, CT, MT and NT showed a lower efficiency in reducing water losses than soil losses. Water losses by runoff during a number of events were of the same order of magnitude for all the management systems studied here; which was mainly true when the volume of rainfall was high and the lag between successive events was small. In general, soil losses in the autumn-winter seasons were lower than under the spring-summer seasons. Soil losses showed a positive correlation with rainfall erosivity. However, the degree of dependence between these two variables decreased as the efficiency of soil management in controlling soil erosion increased. The large soil and water losses in the BS and CT treatments suggest that there is a need to implement soil conservation measures in the study region. In this context soil conservation would take advantage from soil cover by previous crop residue as well as from terrace building. Acknowledgement: This work was partly supported by Spanish Ministry of Education (Project CGL2005-08219-C02).
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Henriksson, S.V.; Raeisaenen, P.; Silen, J. [Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki (Finland); Laaksonen, A. [Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki (Finland); University of Eastern Finland, Department of Applied Physics, Kuopio (Finland)
2012-10-15
We examine an oscillation of global mean temperature with a period of about two thirds of a century. We find evidence for the oscillation both in the instrumental temperature record and in an Earth System Model millennium simulation without external forcing. There is also evidence for the oscillation in the Central England Temperature record, the longest instrumental record available. Our method is based on a discrete Fourier transform with varying starting point and length of time window. This method allows us to make a quantitative estimate of the contribution of an oscillation to global mean temperature, to track the phase evolution of the oscillation and to compare measurement and model results. The multidecadal oscillation could provide part of the explanation both for near-constant global mean temperatures in recent years despite warming by rising concentrations of greenhouse gases and for declining global mean temperature in the 1950s and 1960s alongside with the explanation of aerosol cooling. Quantitative estimates of the contribution of the oscillation to global mean temperature vary between {+-}(0.03-0.17) K. For the instrumental temperature record, our results indicate an amplitude of 0.03 K presently if the IPCC model average represents the effect of external forcings well, and (0.08-0.17) K when using simple linear and quadratic fits for detrending. For the millennium simulation, the amplitude of the oscillation is (0.05-0.06) K, but could be underestimated as compared to reality if external forcing acts to globally synchronize multidecadal variability. The role of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) in the model is discussed. The AMO has a spatial temperature distribution similar to earlier literature results and is more correlated with the global oscillation when external forcing is included. (orig.)
Henriksson, S. V.; Räisänen, P.; Silén, J.; Laaksonen, A.
2012-10-01
We examine an oscillation of global mean temperature with a period of about two thirds of a century. We find evidence for the oscillation both in the instrumental temperature record and in an Earth System Model millennium simulation without external forcing. There is also evidence for the oscillation in the Central England Temperature record, the longest instrumental record available. Our method is based on a discrete Fourier transform with varying starting point and length of time window. This method allows us to make a quantitative estimate of the contribution of an oscillation to global mean temperature, to track the phase evolution of the oscillation and to compare measurement and model results. The multidecadal oscillation could provide part of the explanation both for near-constant global mean temperatures in recent years despite warming by rising concentrations of greenhouse gases and for declining global mean temperature in the 1950s and 1960s alongside with the explanation of aerosol cooling. Quantitative estimates of the contribution of the oscillation to global mean temperature vary between ±(0.03-0.17) K. For the instrumental temperature record, our results indicate an amplitude of 0.03 K presently if the IPCC model average represents the effect of external forcings well, and (0.08-0.17) K when using simple linear and quadratic fits for detrending. For the millennium simulation, the amplitude of the oscillation is (0.05-0.06) K, but could be underestimated as compared to reality if external forcing acts to globally synchronize multidecadal variability. The role of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) in the model is discussed. The AMO has a spatial temperature distribution similar to earlier literature results and is more correlated with the global oscillation when external forcing is included.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Thermo convective instabilities in horizontal fluid layers are discussed with emphasis on the Rayleigh-Bernard model problem. Steady solutions and time-dependent phenomena (relaxation oscillations and transition to turbulence) are studied within the nonlinear Boussinesq-Oberbeck approximation. Homogeneous steady solutions, limit cycles, and inhomogeneous (ordered) spatial structures are also studied in simple reaction-diffusion systems. Lastly, the non-periodic attractor that appears at large Rayleigh numbers in the truncated Boussinesq-Oberbeck model of Lorenz, is constructed, and a discussion of turbulent behavior is given. (Author) 105 refs
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
By using cut flower culture method, effects of ?-ray radiation on mutant induction of fertilization period flower of the colza were investigated. Defining a seed formed after irradiation to M1, for M2 generation obtained by once and M3 generation obtained twice autophagy thereafter, systems different morphologically from its original kind were checked. As a result, it was confirmed that a system with rounded leaves, a system with spotted leaves, a system with fat end of pod, a system with deformed shape of pod, and so forth were found and mutant induction of radiation using cut flower culture was effective. (G.K.)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Research highlights: ? Risk, cost, and public risk perception are incorporated to optimize test frequency. ? Protection system unavailability decreases with an increasing test frequency. ? CDF and spurious trip rate increase with human errors. ? Shorter interval tests are notably beneficial when the human error level is very low. ? Test error, moderator temperature coefficient, trip cost are key factors. - Abstract: Techniques for optimizing the frequency of periodic surveillance testing of nuclear power plant (NPP) safety systems have been receiving increased attention and growing importance because of the need to reduce system unavailability and maintenance cost. Economic losses from maintenance human errors should be included in estimating periodic testing and maintenance costs because the losses increase with maintenance human errors. This paper proposes a method for optimizing periodic testing intervals of a digital reactor protection system by balancing risk and cost of periodic surveillance tests, in which maintenance human error and public risk perception have been reflected. The risk and costs were estimated from both plant operator and socio-economic standpoints. This model determines the optimal testing frequency for the minimum value of an objective function that consists of all costs, including the monetary values of the consequence of maintenance human errors and reactor core damage. We present a case study using our model for the OPR1000 plant. The study results show the significance of reducing human errors in periodic testing and maintenance. The proposed method is expected to be useful to NPP operators as well as regulators for evaluating the optimal periodic testing frequency of a nuclear reactor protection system and for obtaining information needed in decision making processes.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Dicke, Ulrike; Ewert, Stephan D.; Dau, Torsten; Kollmeier, Birger
2007-01-01
Periodic amplitude modulations AMs of an acoustic stimulus are presumed to be encoded in temporal activity patterns of neurons in the cochlear nucleus. Physiological recordings indicate that this temporal AM code is transformed into a rate-based periodicity code along the ascending auditory pathway. The present study suggests a neural circuit for the transformation from the temporal to the rate-based code. Due to the neural connectivity of the circuit, bandpass shaped rate modulation transfer fu...
Garnier, Romain; Pascal, Olivier
2014-01-01
We present here a Finite Element Method devoted to the simulation of 3D periodic structures of arbitrary geometry. The numerical method based on ARPACK and PARDISO libraries, is discussed with the aim of extracting the eigenmodes of periodical structures and thus establishing their frequency band gaps. Simulation parameters and the computational optimization are the focus. Resolution will be used to characterize EBG (Electromagnetic Band Gap) structures, such as plasma rods and metallic cubes.
Garnier, Romain; Barka, André; Pascal, Olivier
2013-07-01
We present here a Finite Element Method devoted to the simulation of 3D periodic structures of arbitrary geometry. The numerical method based on ARPACK and PARDISO libraries, is discussed with the aim of extracting the eigenmodes of periodical structures and thus establishing their frequency band gaps. Simulation parameters and the computational optimization are the focus. Resolution will be used to characterize EBG (Electromagnetic Band Gap) structures, such as plasma rods and metallic cubes.
Garnier, Romain; Barka, André; Pascal, Olivier
2014-01-01
We present here a Finite Element Method devoted to the simulation of 3D periodic structures of arbitrary geometry. The numerical method based on ARPACK and PARDISO libraries, is discussed with the aim of extracting the eigenmodes of periodical structures and thus establishing their frequency band gaps. Simulation parameters and the computational optimization are the focus. Resolution will be used to characterize EBG (Electromagnetic Band Gap) structures, such as plasma rods ...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We present an update to seven stars with long-period planets or planetary candidates using new and archival radial velocities from Keck-HIRES and literature velocities from other telescopes. Our updated analysis better constrains orbital parameters for these planets, four of which are known multi-planet systems. HD 24040 b and HD 183263 c are super-Jupiters with circular orbits and periods longer than 8 yr. We present a previously unseen linear trend in the residuals of HD 66428 indicative of an additional planetary companion. We confirm that GJ 849 is a multi-planet system and find a good orbital solution for the c component: it is a 1 M Jup planet in a 15 yr orbit (the longest known for a planet orbiting an M dwarf). We update the HD 74156 double-planet system. We also announce the detection of HD 145934 b, a 2 M Jup planet in a 7.5 yr orbit around a giant star. Two of our stars, HD 187123 and HD 217107, at present host the only known examples of systems comprising a hot Jupiter and a planet with a well constrained period greater than 5 yr, and with no evidence of giant planets in between. Our enlargement and improvement of long-period planet parameters will aid future analysis of origins, diversity, and evolution of planetary systems