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Sample records for maxillary sinus mucosa

  1. Avaliação da mucosa sinusal do coelho à presença de implante biodegradável / Assessing the maxillary sinus mucosa of rabbits in the presence of biodegradable implants

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    André Coura, Perez; Armando da Silva, Cunha Junior; Sílvia Ligório, Fialho; Lívia Mara, Silva; João Vicente, Dorgam; Adriana de Andrade Batista, Murashima; Alfredo Ribeiro, Silva; Maria, Rossato; Wilma Terezinha, Anselmo-Lima.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Pensando em melhorar a qualidade de vida dos pacientes com doenças do humor vítreo, os oftalmologistas começaram a utilizar recentemente implantes biodegradáveis com corticoide. Estes mesmos implantes podem ser uma alternativa no tratamento da RSC e, para isso, realizamos um estudo experimental em s [...] eios maxilares de coelhos. OBJETIVO: Avaliar histologicamente a mucosa de seio maxilar de coelhos após a colocação de implante biodegradável de prednisolona. MÉTODO: Dezoito coelhos foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: Grupo 1: no seio maxilar esquerdo foi inserido um implante biodegradável com prednisolona; Grupo 2: No seio maxilar esquerdo foi inserido um implante biodegradável sem medicação. Os seios maxilares do lado direito serviram como controle. Após 7, 14 e 28 dias foram escolhidos aleatoriamente três coelhos de cada grupo e a resposta tecidual inflamatória foi avaliada. RESULTADOS: Foi encontrada diferença não significativa de inflamação na mucosa, quando comparamos o grupo de coelhos que receberam implantes com e sem medicação com o grupo controle; ou quando comparamos o grupo que recebeu implante com prednisolona com o grupo que recebeu implante sem medicação. CONCLUSÃO: Não foram observados sinais de toxicidade ou inflamação na mucosa do seio maxilar do coelho à presença do implante com ou sem prednisolona. Abstract in english In an attempt to improve the quality of life of patients with vitreous humor disease, ophthalmologists began offering steroid-eluting biodegradable implants to their patients. These implants can be used as an alternative treatment for CRS and this is why this experimental study was carried out on ra [...] bbit maxillary sinuses. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the histology of the mucosa of the maxillary sinuses of rabbits after the placement of a prednisolone-eluting biodegradable implant. METHOD: Eighteen rabbits were randomly divided into two groups: group 1 - subjects had drug-eluting implants placed on their left maxillary sinuses; group 2 - subjects had non-drug-eluting implants placed on their left maxillary sinuses. The right maxillary sinuses served as the controls. After seven, 14, and 28 days three rabbits in each group were randomly picked to have their tissue inflammatory response assessed. RESULTS: Levels of mucosal inflammation were not significantly different between the groups with and without drug-eluting implants and the control group, or when the groups with drug-eluting implants and non-drug-eluting implants were compared. CONCLUSION: Signs of toxicity or mucosal inflammation were not observed in the maxillary sinuses of rabbits given prednisolone-eluting implants or non-drug-eluting implants.

  2. Avaliação da mucosa sinusal do coelho à presença de implante biodegradável Assessing the maxillary sinus mucosa of rabbits in the presence of biodegradable implants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Coura Perez

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Pensando em melhorar a qualidade de vida dos pacientes com doenças do humor vítreo, os oftalmologistas começaram a utilizar recentemente implantes biodegradáveis com corticoide. Estes mesmos implantes podem ser uma alternativa no tratamento da RSC e, para isso, realizamos um estudo experimental em seios maxilares de coelhos. OBJETIVO: Avaliar histologicamente a mucosa de seio maxilar de coelhos após a colocação de implante biodegradável de prednisolona. MÉTODO: Dezoito coelhos foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: Grupo 1: no seio maxilar esquerdo foi inserido um implante biodegradável com prednisolona; Grupo 2: No seio maxilar esquerdo foi inserido um implante biodegradável sem medicação. Os seios maxilares do lado direito serviram como controle. Após 7, 14 e 28 dias foram escolhidos aleatoriamente três coelhos de cada grupo e a resposta tecidual inflamatória foi avaliada. RESULTADOS: Foi encontrada diferença não significativa de inflamação na mucosa, quando comparamos o grupo de coelhos que receberam implantes com e sem medicação com o grupo controle; ou quando comparamos o grupo que recebeu implante com prednisolona com o grupo que recebeu implante sem medicação. CONCLUSÃO: Não foram observados sinais de toxicidade ou inflamação na mucosa do seio maxilar do coelho à presença do implante com ou sem prednisolona.In an attempt to improve the quality of life of patients with vitreous humor disease, ophthalmologists began offering steroid-eluting biodegradable implants to their patients. These implants can be used as an alternative treatment for CRS and this is why this experimental study was carried out on rabbit maxillary sinuses. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the histology of the mucosa of the maxillary sinuses of rabbits after the placement of a prednisolone-eluting biodegradable implant. METHOD: Eighteen rabbits were randomly divided into two groups: group 1 - subjects had drug-eluting implants placed on their left maxillary sinuses; group 2 - subjects had non-drug-eluting implants placed on their left maxillary sinuses. The right maxillary sinuses served as the controls. After seven, 14, and 28 days three rabbits in each group were randomly picked to have their tissue inflammatory response assessed. RESULTS: Levels of mucosal inflammation were not significantly different between the groups with and without drug-eluting implants and the control group, or when the groups with drug-eluting implants and non-drug-eluting implants were compared. CONCLUSION: Signs of toxicity or mucosal inflammation were not observed in the maxillary sinuses of rabbits given prednisolone-eluting implants or non-drug-eluting implants.

  3. Maxillary sinus haematoma

    OpenAIRE

    Lim, M; Lew-Gor, S; Beale, T.; Ramsay, A.; Lund, V J

    2008-01-01

    The maxillary sinus haematoma is an uncommon cause of a maxillary sinus mass. It presents with a variety of symptoms, the most common being epistaxis. Although histologically benign, it may be clinically progressive. Radiological findings can range from a benign appearance to a more aggressive process, including bony erosion. Surgical evacuation is the mainstay of therapy. We describe our experience in managing this condition and review available literature on the subject.

  4. Maxillary sinus nodular fasciitis

    OpenAIRE

    Abdulmalik S. Alsaied; Mohammed A. Lotfy

    2014-01-01

    Nodular fasciitis is a rare and benign inflammatory condition; however, it can be misdiagnosed as a malignant lesion. We report a unique case of nodular fasciitis arising from the maxillary sinus in a 2-year-old child. Our English literature review (PubMed search), revealed a total of 3 cases published as nodular fasciitis in the para-nasal sinuses, each with a different management approach. 

  5. Pathologic changes in the maxillary sinus wall after conservative therapy in odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Examination using bone scintigraphy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Single photon emission computed tomographic bone scintigraphy (bone SPECT) was performed in 16 patients with odontogenic maxillary sinusitis to compare inflammatory changes in the maxillary sinus wall including the alveolar process (bony lesions) before and after conservative therapy. Morphologic changes in bony lesions as evaluated by bone SPECT images correlated with those of the maxillary sinus mucosa (mucosal lesions) as evaluated by CT images. Morphologic changes in the bony lesions also correlated with changes in inflammatory activity in the maxillary alveolar process as functionally evaluated by bone SPECT before and after conservative therapy. Odontogenic maxillary sinusitis is considered a disease in which maxillary alveolitis causes mucosal lesions as well as bony lesions. Changes in alveolitis are associated with morphologic changes in bony lesions after conservative therapy, and these changes affect the pathophysiologic nature of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Bone SPECT is valuable for predicting outcome and treatment planning in patients with odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. (author)

  6. Large pneumocele of the right maxillary sinus

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    Mena-Domínguez EA, Torres-Morientes LM, Tavárez-Rodríguez JJ, Bauer M, Martín-Pascual MC, Morais-Pérez D

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The pneumocele is a pathological expansion of paranasal sinus containing only air, which can move the nearby structures. Radiologically is a hiperneumatizacion and elongation of paranasal sinus, that can be associated with bone loss. Description: Patient with facial fullness and pains on right side, occasionally nasal blockage that worsen with pressure changes, at exploration presents protrusion of maxillary mucosa into the nostril. Discussion: Pneumoceles can occur in any paranasal sinus. Usually remain asymptomatic and they are not diagnosed until it takes place an external deformity or displacement of neighbouring structures to the sinus, causing symptoms. Conclusion: The maxillary sinus neumoceles are a rare differential diagnosis of mucocele, tumors and trigeminal neuralgia. Surgery is curative, preferring an endoscopic approach.

  7. Pathohistologic Study on Mucosal Morphology of Chronic Maxillary Sinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    Drviš, Petar; ?upi?, Hrvoje; Baudoin, Tomislav; Kalogjera, Livije; Ivki?, Mirko; Shejbal, Dražen

    2004-01-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate morphological changes of maxillary sinus mucosa and to compare them with the levels of tryptase, myeloperoxidase (MPO) and eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) in sinus lavage, and also with subjective outcomes in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis after endosinusal treatment. Thirty patients with the symptoms of chronic rhinosinusitis were recruited for the study. Inclusion criteria were sinusitis symptoms persisting for more than 3 months and maxillary si...

  8. Sex determination using maxillary sinus

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    Ranjith Kumar Kanthem

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Individual identification is a subtle concept and often one of the most important priorities in mass disasters, road accidents, air crashes, fires, and even in the investigation of criminal cases. Matching specific features detected on the cadaver with data recorded during the life of an individual is an important aspect in forensics, and can be performed by fingerprint analysis, deoxyribonucleic acid matching, anthropological methods, radiological methods and other techniques which can facilitate age and sex identification. Sinus radiography is one such method that has been used for determination of the sex of an individual. Hence, an attempt is being made to use the different dimensions of the maxillary sinus in the determination of sex using coronal and axial sections of plain computed tomography (CT scan. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 patients including 17 male and 13 female, visiting the Outpatient Department of the Mamata General Hospital were included as the study subjects. The dimensions of right and left maxillary sinuses of 30 subjects from plain CT were measured using SYNGO software and statistical analysis was done. Results: Sex determination using height, length, width, and volume of the maxillary sinus on both sides showed statistically significant results with a higher percentage of sexual dimorphism in the case of volume. Conclusion: Volume of the right maxillary sinus can be used as accurate diagnostic parameter for sex determination.

  9. Roentgen diagnosis of the mucosal cyst in the maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The most common cystic lesion of the maxillary sinuses is the mucosal cyst. In reviewing a 5-years material of 5026 pathological X-ray examinations of the sinuses 12.2% of these were found to have mucosal cysts. These cysts usually do not give rise to symptoms and require no treatment, but are often misdiagnosticated as polyps, compact maxillary sinuses, hypertrophy of the lining mucosa or tumors. As radiologic examination of the sinuses is a common procedure and the diagnosis of a mucosal cyst is possible other diagnoses may not be given in most cases. (orig.)

  10. Antibiotics for acute maxillary sinusitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahovuo-Saloranta, Anneli; Borisenko, Oleg V; Kovanen, Niina; Varonen, Helena; Rautakorpi, Ulla-Maija; Williams, John W; Mäkelä, Marjukka

    BACKGROUND: Expert opinions vary on the appropriate role of antibiotics for sinusitis, one of the most commonly diagnosed conditions among adults in ambulatory care. OBJECTIVES: We examined whether antibiotics are effective in treating acute sinusitis, and if so, which antibiotic classes are the...... antibiotics from different classes for acute maxillary sinusitis in adults. We included trials with clinically diagnosed acute sinusitis, whether or not confirmed by radiography or bacterial culture. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: At least two review authors independently screened search results, extracted...... placebo with a pooled RR of 0.74 (95% CI 0.65 to 0.84) at 7 to 15 days follow up. None of the antibiotic preparations was superior to each other. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Antibiotics have a small treatment effect in patients with uncomplicated acute sinusitis in a primary care setting with symptoms for more...

  11. Fibrous dysplasia of maxillary sinus

    OpenAIRE

    Tinoco, Paulo; Pereira, José Carlos Oliveira; Lourenço Filho, Rodolfo Caldas; Silva, Fabrício Boechat do Carmo; Ruela, Karol Pereira

    2009-01-01

    Introduction: The Fibrous Dysplasia is a benign bone disease, of slow growth and unknown etiology. The involvement of the craniofacial skeleton is not uncommon and, generally, produces facial asymmetries. Case Report: In this article we report the case of a patient with fibrous dysplasia occupying the entire left maxillary sinus with orbitary extension confirmed in the anatomopathological exam. Final Comments: The surgical treatment remains as the main therapeutic approach and the postoperati...

  12. CT diagnosis of aspergillosis in maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate CT diagnostic value in maxillary sinus aspergillosis. Methods: 12 cases verified by surgery and pathology were collected, their imaging, clinical and pathological features were retrospectively analysed. Results: CT specific sign included: (1) Heterogeneous opacification in maxillary sinus. (2) Calcification not related with sinus wall. (3) Localized bone proliferation and destruction in sinus wall. (4) The unilateral l location. Conclusions: According to the specific CT appearances diagnosis can be established in 85% of patients. CT is the imaging modality of choice in aspergillosis of maxillary sinus by defining the location and extent of lesion

  13. Fibrous dysplasia of maxillary sinus

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    Tinoco, Paulo

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The Fibrous Dysplasia is a benign bone disease, of slow growth and unknown etiology. The involvement of the craniofacial skeleton is not uncommon and, generally, produces facial asymmetries. Case Report: In this article we report the case of a patient with fibrous dysplasia occupying the entire left maxillary sinus with orbitary extension confirmed in the anatomopathological exam. Final Comments: The surgical treatment remains as the main therapeutic approach and the postoperative follow-up is necessary due to this condition recurrent nature.

  14. Radiology in diagnostics of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis

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    Chekhonatskaya ?.L

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose: to prove diagnostic capabilities of modern radiation techniques in odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Material and methods: The study involved 546 patients with sinusitis. The following methods have been used: X-ray of the paranasal sinuses, contrast maxillary sinus radiography, contact intraoral radiographs, orthopantomography, computer tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Results. In 7,9% of cases the presence of odontogenic sinusitis has been established, in 92,1 % rhinogenous sinusitis has been revealed. The work provides information about the effectiveness of various radiation techniques in the diagnosis of odontogenic sinusitis. Conclusion. For suspected odontogenic sinusitis, treatment of choice includes the combined use of X-ray of the paranasal sinuses in the mentoanterior projection and contact intraoral radiographs of «causal teeth». Computer tomography is the most informative additional method to clarify the diagnosis of odontogenic sinusitis.

  15. Maxillary sinus perforation by orthodontic anchor screws.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motoyoshi, Mitsuru; Sanuki-Suzuki, Rina; Uchida, Yasuki; Saiki, Akari; Shimizu, Noriyoshi

    2015-06-01

    To facilitate safe placement of orthodontic anchor screws (miniscrews), we investigated the frequency of maxillary sinus perforation after screw placement and the effect of sinus perforation on screw stability. Maxillary sinus perforations involving 82 miniscrews (diameter, 1.6 mm; length, 8 mm) were evaluated using cone-beam computed tomography. All miniscrews were placed in maxillary alveolar bone between the second premolar and first molar for anchorage for anterior retraction in patients undergoing first premolar extraction. The placement torque and screw mobility of each implant were determined using a torque tester and a Periotest device, and variability in these values in relation to sinus perforation was evaluated. Eight of the 82 miniscrews perforated the maxillary sinus. There was no case of sinusitis in patients with miniscrew perforation and no significant difference in screw mobility or placement torque between perforating and non-perforating miniscrews. The sinus floor was significantly thinner in perforated cases than in non-perforated cases. A sinus floor thickness of 6.0 mm or more is recommended in order to avoid miniscrew perforation of the maxillary sinus. PMID:26062857

  16. Development of maxillary sinuses in childhood

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to clarify the development of the maxillary sinuses in childhood. Between June 1983 and December 1985, a total of 120 children under 15 years old were enrolled in this study. Cranial X-ray CT scans were performed using a GE CT/T 8800 and slice thickness were 1.5 mm under 2 years old and 5.0 mm for age above 3 years. Forty-five patients who had facial anomalies, or growth retardation, or premature infants were excluded from further analysis. The remaining 75 patients were evaluated for the development of the maxillary sinuses. The scans were made in the coronal and saggital planes. Anterior-posterior diameter (length) and mid-lateral diameter (width), and volume of the maxillary sinuses were measured by using the image processing system that was developed by us. Cranio-caudal diameter (height) was calculated by multiplying the slice thickness by the total number of the slices taken from the area of the maxillary sinus. Three dimensional structures of the maxillary sinuses were also displayed using the same system. The sizes of maxillary sinuses in the new born were 7.3 ± 1.9 mm(mean ± S.D.) in length, 6.7 ± 1.6 mmin height, and 5.2 ± 1.3 mm in width. These results were similar to those reported by others. The sizes of the maxillary sinuses were increased rapidly by the age 3 - 4 years. The numerical values for theses three measurements were greater than those previously reported, especially for height. The levels of upper borders of these maxillary sinuses in infants and young children were higher than those of inferior rimbs of the orbits. The results for the three dimensional displays and volume measurements performed on 66 children above 1 year old are also presented. (author)

  17. Septal deviation is associated with maxillary sinus fungus ball in male patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oshima, Hidetoshi; Nomura, Kazuhiro; Sugawara, Mitsuru; Arakawa, Kazuya; Oshima, Takeshi; Katori, Yukio

    2014-01-01

    Fungus is one of the causes of chronic rhinosinusitis. If the fungus occupies the sinus but does not invade the sinonasal mucosa, this is called sinus fungus ball. Any association between anatomical variations and fungus ball remains unclear. Sinus fungus ball is defined as non-invasive chronic fungal rhinosinusitis occurring in immunocompetent patients, and the maxillary sinus is the most commonly affected. The etiology of maxillary sinus fungus ball remains unclear. This study assessed the potential contribution of anatomical variations, such as deviated nasal septum, concha bullosa, and Haller cell to the development of fungus ball in the maxillary sinus. Concha bullosa and Haller cell are structural variations that narrow the nasal airflow passage and contribute to chronic rhinosinusitis. The involvement of these variations has been investigated in chronic sinusitis but not in sinus fungus ball. Preoperative computed tomography findings of 103 patients with maxillary sinus fungus ball were evaluated retrospectively. Septal deviation and Haller cell were not correlated with the side of maxillary sinus fungus ball. Concha bullosa was more common on the unaffected side (p = 0.099). When we analyzed males and females separately, maxillary sinus fungus ball was more common on the concave side of the deviated septum in only male patients (p = 0.006). The high incidence of maxillary fungus ball in the concave side may reflect the consequences of the traumatic effects caused by wall shear stress of the high-velocity airflow and the increased chance of inhaling fungus spores. PMID:24646922

  18. Treatment outcome of maxillary sinus cancer

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    Jin-Hyoung Kang

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The standard treatment in the early stage of maxillary sinus cancer is surgical resection followed by postoperative radiation therapy. However, for locally advanced maxillary sinus cancer, a multimodality treatment approach is strongly recommended to improve the survival rate and quality of life of the patient. We determined the treatment outcomes of induction chemotherapy, concurrent chemoradiation therapy, and surgical resection for locally advanced maxillary sinus cancer. Forty-four patients with locally advanced maxillary sinus cancer, who had been treated between January 1990 and April 2008 at Kangnam St. Mary's Hospital, were retrospectively analyzed. The objective response rates were 70%, 53%, and 57% in the intra-arterial induction chemotherapy, intravenous induction chemotherapy, and concurrent chemoradiation therapy groups, respectively. The orbital preservation rates were 83%, 100%, and 75% in the intra-arterial induction chemotherapy, intravenous induction chemotherapy, and surgical resection groups, respectively. In seven of nine patients in whom the orbit could be preserved after induction chemotherapy, the primary tumors were removed completely. However, although the orbits were preserved in three patients who underwent surgical resection as a primary treatment, all three cases were confirmed to be incomplete resections. We found that active induction chemotherapy for locally advanced cancer of the maxillary sinus increased the possibility of complete resection with orbital preservation as well as tumor down-staging.

  19. Carcinoma of the maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A retrospective review of 124 patients of carcinoma of the maxillary sinus treated at Kurume University Hospital from 1971 to 1980 was completed. Of these 124 patients, 111 patients had not been previously treated and underwent curative treatment, 8 patients underwent palliative treatment, and 5 patients were those who had been previously treated at other clinics. The results of this retrospective studies are summarized as follows: 1) In the 58 patients who were followed up for 5 years or more after the onset of initial curative treatment, the 3- and 5-year crude survival rates calculated by direct method were 58.6% and 51.7%, respectively. 2) In the 111 patients who underwent curative treatments, the 3- and 5-year cumulative survival rates calculated by the actuarial method were 61.8% and 52.3%, respectively. 3) Among various factors which can be determined before the treatment, T category and L.V. histological classification were considered to be useful in order to estimate the prognosis. 4) With respect to T categorization, the JJC proposal proved to be better than the AJC proposal. 5) The majority of causes of deaths was uncontrolled primary lesion. Involvement of the cervical lymph nodes were controlled in most cases and distant metastasis were not frequent. 6) As for the treatments, the best modalities appeared to be the following two combinations: (1) infusion, radiation and necrotomy followed by an eradicating surgery and (2) infusion, radiation and necrotomy associated with a mass reduction surgery. 7) Three year crude survival rate calculated by direct method was equally 80.0% in the above two combination therapies. Final conclusions on the comparison between these two Combination treatments await further follow-up studies of more patients. (author)

  20. [Nasal cavity supernumerary tooth and maxillary sinusitis: one case reported].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Guangliang; Hu, Limin; Lu, Yuan

    2015-08-01

    Supernumerary tooth is a rare case. This report described a case of nasal cavity supernumerary tooth association with maxillary sinusitis. A 28-year-old male patient reported with the chief complaint of nasal obstruction, headache and purulent secretion for the past three months. Clinic examination and CT examination showed that there was a supernumerary tooth in the right nasal bottom, and maxillary sinus was infected in the same side. This patient was performed supernumerary tooth removing and given antibiotics for 3 days. Ten days after the operation, there was no clinical symptoms, and nasal bottom mucosa was normal. After 3 months of follow-up, reexamination of coronal CT scan appeared normal. PMID:26665468

  1. Massive Concha Bullosa with Secondary Maxillary Sinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Joong Seob; Ko, Il Ju; Kang, Han Dong; Lee, Hun Suk

    2008-01-01

    Concha bullosa is a common anatomic variation of the middle turbinate; however, sinusitis secondary to the concha bullosa is rare. A 52-yr-old woman presented with nasal obstruction and posterior nasal drip. Computed tomography and examination of the nasal cavity revealed septal deviation on the left side, and a massive concha bullosa and maxillary sinusitis on the right side. The lateral lamella of the affected turbinate was removed and the inspissated material was drained. Histopathologic e...

  2. Volumetric measurement of the maxillary sinus by coronal CT scan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The volume of the maxillary sinus was estimated by coronal CT scan. The purpose of this study was to compare the estimated volume of the normal maxillary sinus with that of the inflamed maxillary sinus. Patients were classified following evaluation by CT scan of the paranasal sinuses into 3 categories. Group A (n=12): Patients suffered from headache, facial pain and epistaxis, but CT scans of their nasal cavity and paranasal sinus were within normal limits without inflammatory change. Group B (n=69): Patients with bilateral chronic maxillary sinusitis, CT scans of whom showed inflammatory changes in both maxillary sinuses. All of the patients in this group underwent sinus surgery after coronal CT scans. Group C (n=14): Patients with unilateral chronic maxillary sinusitis, CT scans of whom showed inflammatory change in unilateral maxillary sinuses. CT scans of these patients were measured by Plannimeter to take the area of each image of the maxillary sinus. Consecutively imaged areas were summated by integral calculus to obtain an estimate of the sinus volume. The mean maxillary sinus volume in the affected sinuses was significantly smaller than those in the contralateral normal sinuses (p<0.05, Wilcoxon-test). The various volumes of the maxillary sinuses and the developmental cause were discussed. Comparison of groups A with B suggested three distinct patterns; the maxillary sinus volume has decreased due to inflammatory changes in the bone. The small sinuses have a tendency to develop chronic inflammatory change. The aeration in the maxillary sinus may be decreased when anatomic variations that may obstruct the ethmoid infundibulum exist. (K.H.)

  3. SMALL CELL UNDIFFERENTIATED (NEUROENDOCRINE TUMOR – MAXILLARY SINUS .

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bharath

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Small cell undifferentiated (neuroendocrine carci nomas in head and neck region is extremely uncommon neoplasm. Thes e belong to the group of other blue cell tumors. CASE REPORT: An 11 year’s girl presented with swelling in right cheek since 3 months, watering of right eyesince2 months & bleeding since 1 month. Examination revealed soft to firm mass in inferior meatus and was bleeding on touch . CT scan showed heterogeneous density in maxillary antrum. Biopsy was done. Histopathologicall y, diagnosis of Small cell carcinoma- undifferentiated (neuroendocrine type of maxillary sinus was made. CONCLUSION: These neoplasms of the nasal and paranasal sinuses are loca lly aggressive and have propensity for multiple local recurrences, and thus, early diagnosi s and local control may be important for improved prognosis.

  4. Maxillary sinus manifestations of methamphetamine abuse

    OpenAIRE

    Faucett, Erynne A.; Marsh, Katherine M.; Farshad, Kayven; Erman, Audrey B.; Chiu, Alexander G.

    2015-01-01

    Methamphetamines are the second most commonly used illicit drug worldwide and cost the United States health-care system ?$23.4 billion annually. Use of this drug affects multiple organ systems and causes a variety of clinical manifestations. Although there are commonly known sequelae of methamphetamine abuse such as “meth mouth,” there is limited evidence regarding maxillary sinus manifestations. The following cases highlight the initial evaluation and management of two methamphetamine abuser...

  5. Antibiotics for acute maxillary sinusitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahovuo-Saloranta, Anneli; Borisenko, Oleg V; Kovanen, Niina; Varonen, Helena; Rautakorpi, Ulla-Maija; Williams, John W; Mäkelä, Marjukka

    BACKGROUND: Expert opinions vary on the appropriate role of antibiotics for sinusitis, one of the most commonly diagnosed conditions among adults in ambulatory care. OBJECTIVES: We examined whether antibiotics are effective in treating acute sinusitis, and if so, which antibiotic classes are the...... data and quality assessed trials. Risk ratios (RR) were calculated for differences in the intervention and control groups to see whether or not the treatment was a failure. In meta-analysing the placebo-controlled studies, the data across antibiotic classes were combined. Primary outcomes were the...... than seven days. However, 80% of participants treated without antibiotics improve within two weeks. Clinicians need to weigh the small benefits of antibiotic treatment against the potential for adverse effects at both the individual and general population level....

  6. Surgical removal of dental implants displaced into the maxillary sinus

    OpenAIRE

    Chrcanovic Ramos Bruno; Custódio Neto Luís Antônio

    2009-01-01

    The accidental displacement of roots, endodontic materials and dental implants into the maxillary sinus are relatively common complications in dental clinical practice. The purpose of this study is to present four cases of displaced dental implant into maxillary sinus, their treatment as well as the prevention of this condition. There are three different major approaches to remove materials displaced into the maxillary sinus: suction from the socket of an extracted tooth, the classical open s...

  7. Radiological diagnosis of maxillary sinus aspergillosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aspergillosis of the maxillary sinuses shows an increasing incidence in even otherwise healthy patients. Next to inhalation as the mode of infection, a dental root canal filling with an orosinusal fistula can be the cause. As most infections remain initially undetected or underestimated as common sinusitis, early diagnosis must be achieved. Standard X-ray of the paranasal sinuses, conventional tomography as well as CT scans are of major importance. Centrally located hyperdense opacifications are a good criterion and can be best seen in CT. Even when the case has not progressed too much, radical surgery combined with Amphotericin B therapy is still the treatment of choice since the infection may progress rapidly. (orig.)

  8. [Melanoma of nasal cavity and paranasal sinus mucosa].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Go?abek, W; Siwiec, H; Klatka, J; Morshed, K

    2001-01-01

    In a group of 15 patients with malignant melanoma of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses the place of origin was nasal mucosa in 11 patients, the ethmoid cells in 2 cases and the maxillary sinus in 2 cases. Only 5 patients had tumour limited to infrastructure of the nasomaxillary complex, in 10 patients tumour occupied also suprastructure. Total maxillectomy was performed in 4 patients, partial maxillectomy in 8 patients with orbital exenteration in 3 patients. Of 12 patients operated on three patients died one year, two patients two years and one patient 6 years after surgery. One patient is alive 12 years, three patients are alive three years and one patient is alive one year after surgery. PMID:11766322

  9. Maxillary sinus pneumatization after maxillary molar extraction assessed with cone beam computed tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Yu Hoa; Nah, Kyung Soo; Cho, Bong Hae [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-09-15

    The purpose of this study was to examine the inferior expansion of the maxillary sinus floor following maxillary molar extraction. Cone beam computed tomographic images of 59 subjects were used to evaluate the height difference of the maxillary sinus floor between extraction sites and contralateral dentate sites. The height of the maxillary sinus floor was defined as the vertical distance to the Frankfort plane from the level of the anterior nasal spine to the most inferior point of the sinus floor. We examined the difference in sinus pneumatization according to the number of missing teeth and the vertical relationship of the molar roots to the sinus floor. The inferior expansion of the maxillary sinus floor was 1.20 {+-} 1.86 mm on the maxillary first molar and 1.90 {+-} 2.42 mm on the maxillary second molar. Increased expansion was observed in cases where two proximate molars were extracted. There was no significant difference in sinus pneumatization following extraction according to the vertical relationship of the molar roots to the sinus floor. The results of this study confirm that sinus pneumatization occurs following maxillary molar extraction. In situations where pneumatization can affect treatment after molar extraction, three-dimensional radiography should be considered.

  10. Maxillary sinusitis - a comparative study of different imaging diagnosis methods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We conducted prospective study comparing different methods (plain X-rays, computed tomography and ultrasonography mode-A) for the initial diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis. Twenty patients (40 maxillary sinuses) with a clinical history suggestive of sinusitis included in this study. The results were classified as abnormal or normal, using computed tomography as gold standard. The sensitivity for ultrasonography and plain X-rays was 84.6% and 69.2%, respectively. The specificity of both methods was 92.6%. This study suggests that ultrasonography can be used as a good follow-up method for patients with maxillary. sinusitis. (author)

  11. Frequency of the odontogenic maxillary sinusitis extended to the anterior ethmoid sinus and response to surgical treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Crovetto Martínez, Rafael; Martin Arregui, Francisco Javier; Zabala López de Maturana, Aitor; Tudela Cabello, Kiara; Crovetto de la Torre, Miguel Angel

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: Odontogenic sinusitis usually affects the maxillary sinus but may extend to the anterior ethmoid si - nuses. The purpose of this study is to determine the percentage of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis extended to the anterior ethmoid sinuses and determine also the surgical resolution differences between odontogenic maxillary sinusitis and odontogenic maxillary associated to anterior ethmoidal sinusitis. Study D esign: This is a retrospective cohort study perfo...

  12. Maxillary sinus carcinoma: result of radiation therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This hundred and sixteen patients with carcinoma of the maxillary sinus received primary therapy consisting of external beam irradiation alone or in combination with surgery and/or chemotherapy at the Department of Radiology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University Hospital, between 1953 and 1982. In our institution, methods of treating cancer of the maxillary sinus have been changed from time to time and showed different control rates and clinical courses. An actuarial 10-year survival rate of 21% has been obtained by the megavoltage irradiation alone as well as 34% actuarial 10-year survival rate by megavoltage irradiation with surgery. After the introduction of conservative surgery followed by conventional trimodal combination therapy, the local control rate has been improved. The amount of functional, cosmetic, and brain damages have been remarkably decreased by this mode of therapy. The actuarial five year survival rate was 67%. In addition, along with the improvement of the local control rate, the control of nodal and distant organ metastases have been emerging as one of the important contributions to the prognosis of this disease

  13. A PARALLEL STUDY OF RHINOGENIC AND ODONTOGENIC MAXILLARY SINUS DISEASE.

    OpenAIRE

    Elitsa Deliverska; Martin Rubiev

    2012-01-01

    Because of its close anatomic relations with nosal and oral cavitis, the maxillary sinus is the place of most frequent inflammatory diseases of all paranasal sinuses. Introduction: The aim of this study was to establish differences in etiology and treatment of rhinogenic and odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Materials and methods: In this study, we analyzed the etiology, clinical characteristics of the disease, x-ray findings, clinical course and treatment of 188 cases, which were diagnosed an...

  14. CT-MPR invaluable in diagnosing odontogenic maxillary sinusitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aoki, Hideaki; Shimazu, Kaoru; Kamada, Morito; Shiroyama, Akihiro; Mouri, Daisuke; Yamashita, Masashi; Kawasaki, Yasunori; Koseki, Takakazu; Mouri, Manabu [Osaka Dental Univ. (Japan)

    2001-08-01

    In everyday examination, it is usual to encounter odontogenic maxillary sinusitis patients. Odontogenic maxillary sinusitis is generally best diagnosed by dental X-ray imaging. Many medical facilities not having a dental X-ray unit use coronal computed tomography (CT) images to diagnose odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Coronal CT imaging causes artifacts, however due to dental prosthesises. Computed tomography-Multiplanar reformation (CT-MPR) imaging has proved useful in evaluating the paranasal sinus because it is not influenced by dental prosthesises. We evaluated the usefulness of CT-MPR for diagnosing odontogenic maxillary sinusitis by retrospectively analyzing 16 patients, with the following results. We couldn't diagnose all cases of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis in posteroanterior and Waters projection images. Panoramic radiography is needed to diagnose odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Dental X-ray imaging missed some cases, but all cases were diagnosed by CT-MPR imaging, giving a 100% diagnosestic rate. CT-MPR imaging is thus at least as valuable or better than dental X-ray imaging in diagnosing odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. (author)

  15. CT-MPR invaluable in diagnosing odontogenic maxillary sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In everyday examination, it is usual to encounter odontogenic maxillary sinusitis patients. Odontogenic maxillary sinusitis is generally best diagnosed by dental X-ray imaging. Many medical facilities not having a dental X-ray unit use coronal computed tomography (CT) images to diagnose odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Coronal CT imaging causes artifacts, however due to dental prosthesises. Computed tomography-Multiplanar reformation (CT-MPR) imaging has proved useful in evaluating the paranasal sinus because it is not influenced by dental prosthesises. We evaluated the usefulness of CT-MPR for diagnosing odontogenic maxillary sinusitis by retrospectively analyzing 16 patients, with the following results. We couldn't diagnose all cases of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis in posteroanterior and Waters projection images. Panoramic radiography is needed to diagnose odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Dental X-ray imaging missed some cases, but all cases were diagnosed by CT-MPR imaging, giving a 100% diagnosestic rate. CT-MPR imaging is thus at least as valuable or better than dental X-ray imaging in diagnosing odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. (author)

  16. Measurement of maxillary sinus volume using Computed Tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To propose a standard value for the maxillary sinus volume of a normal Korean adult by measuring the width and height of the sinus and analyzing their correlation and the difference of the sinus size respectively between sexes, and on the right and left sides. Fifty-two (95 maxillary sinuses) out of 20 years or over aged patients who had taken CT in the Department of Dental Radiology, Yonsei University, Dental Hospital, between February 1997 and July 1999 who were no specific symptom, prominent bony septa, pathosis, clinical asymmetry and history of surgery in the maxillary sinus were retrospectively analyzed. The mean transverse width, antero-posterior width, height and volume of the normal Korean adult's maxillary sinuses were 28.33 mm, 39.69 mm, 46.60 mm and 21.90 cm3, respectively. There was a significant sex difference in the sinus volume (p<0.05). In the mean antero-posterior width, height and volume of the sinus, no significant difference was observed between both sides. All four measurements showed a significant correlation between both sides (p<0.0001). The widths and height of the sinus all showed a significant correlation with the sinus volume (p<0.0001). In the Korean normal adult's maxillary sinus, males tended to be larger than females. Except for the transverse width, all of the measurements showed no significant difference between the right and left side, but significant correlations in the four measurements between both sides were observed. Thus, the overgrowth or undergrowth in the unilateral maxillary sinus may suggest a certain pathosis or developmental abnormalities in the maxillary sinus.

  17. CT findings of fungal infection of maxillary sinuses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In recent years, fungal infection of the paranasal sinuses has increased. However, the preoperative diagnosis is often difficult. We report four cases of fungal infection of the paranasal sinuses. Their CT scans. Showed: 1) A high density area in the homogeneous shadow. 2) A mass suspected of being a fungus ball surrounding the opening of the maxillary sinus to the nasal cavity. 3) Thickening of bone in the maxillary sinus except in the inner wall. These results indicate that CT scanning is useful in the diagnosis of fungal infection of the paranasal sinuses. (author)

  18. Late recovery from foreign body sinusitis after maxillary sinus floor augmentation

    OpenAIRE

    Felisati, Giovanni; Saibene, Alberto Maria; Lenzi, Riccardo; Pipolo, Carlotta

    2012-01-01

    A 55-year-old male patient was referred to our clinic with signs and symptoms of recurring sinusitis after a right maxillary sinus floor augmentation for implantological purposes. Investigations showed an antibiotic-resistant ethmoidomaxillary sinusitis resulting from bone graft infection and displacement of previously inserted xenograft material into the maxillary sinus. The patient thus underwent a surgical procedure combining nasal endoscopy and oral surgery in order to remove the infected...

  19. A PARALLEL STUDY OF RHINOGENIC AND ODONTOGENIC MAXILLARY SINUS DISEASE.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elitsa Deliverska

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Because of its close anatomic relations with nosal and oral cavitis, the maxillary sinus is the place of most frequent inflammatory diseases of all paranasal sinuses. Introduction: The aim of this study was to establish differences in etiology and treatment of rhinogenic and odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Materials and methods: In this study, we analyzed the etiology, clinical characteristics of the disease, x-ray findings, clinical course and treatment of 188 cases, which were diagnosed and treated as odontogenic or rhinogenic maxillary sinusitis in the Departments of Maxillofacial surgery and Otorhinolaringology – “St. Anna” Hospital, Sofia from 2005 to 2010. Patients were divided according to age and sex. Data was systematized and analyzed. Results: This study clearly showed that rhinogenic diseases of maxillary sinus are three times more frequent than odontogenic diseases. Also the etiology of odontogenic sinusitis most often is due to mistakes in the treatment of the upper teeth (alien corpuses, perforation after extraction, which is completely different from rhinogenic sinusitis. In the surgical treatment of rhinogenic maxillary sinusitis usually endonasal polypectomy was followed by operation according to Caldwell-Luc or functional sinus endoscopy. During the surgical treatment of odontogenic sinusitis the most frequent intervention was surgical plastic of oral-antral communication with mucogingival vestibular flap followed by operation according to Caldwell-Luck what is different from the treatment of rhinogenic sinusitis.Conclusion: Maxillary sinus often suffers from inflammatory diseases and should always be examined carefully by means of anamnesis, clinic exam and x-rays to identify its origin. Upper teeth should be treated carefully in everyday’s dental practice to avoid being cause of sinusitis.

  20. Etiologies and Treatments of Odontogenic Maxillary Sinusitis: A Systematic Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akhlaghi, Fahimeh; Esmaeelinejad, Mohammad; Safai, Pooria

    2015-01-01

    Context: Maxillary sinusitis is an important issue in dentistry and maxillofacial surgery. This study aims to present a systematic review of etiologies and treatments of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Evidence Acquisition: An electronic database search was performed based on related MeSH keywords. Articles published between January 2001 and December 2014 was selected according to the inclusion criteria. The information extracted from various studies was categorized in various tables. Results: The study selected 19 studies. In most studies, oroantral fistula (OAF) was the most common etiology of odontogenic sinusitis. Alpha-hemolytic streptococcus was the most common flora in sinusitis with dental origin. The literature shows that the Caldwell-Luc approach may be the best method for treating sinusitis in cases of displaced teeth. Conclusions: OAF is a common cause of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis and may easily be treated by endoscopy and fistula closure. Maxillofacial surgeons and dentists should consider this problem to avoid misdiagnosis and prevent complications. PMID:26756016

  1. Unusual cause of maxillary sinus mass with proptosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurien, Regi; Babu, Telugu Ramesh; Rupa, Vedantam

    2015-01-01

    We report a case of a 21-year-old Indian man with an 8-month history of left-sided headache, maxillary sinus mass, proptosis and swelling of the left temple, whose contrast-enhanced CT scans of the paranasal sinuses showed an enhancing, destructive soft tissue mass involving the left maxillary sinus, orbit, infratemporal fossa and anterior cranial fossa, suggestive of a malignancy or chronic granulomatous disease. Histopathological examination of the sinus mass, which was debulked and partially excised via an endoscopic approach, suggested a diagnosis of immunoglobulin G4-related sclerosing disease of the maxillary sinus. Subsequent immunohistochemical staining and biochemical tests confirmed the diagnosis. We highlight the importance of considering this increasingly recognised but rare entity that can mimic a malignant lesion with its clinical and radiological features but which, unlike the latter, has a very good prognosis with appropriate treatment. PMID:26392443

  2. Cementoblastoma of posterior maxilla involving the maxillary sinus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dadhich, Anuj S; Nilesh, Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Cementoblastoma is a rare neoplasm, representing cementoblastoma in the maxillary posterior region involving the maxillary sinus, in a young female patient. The clinical, radiological, and histopathological features of the lesion are discussed along with a review of previously reported cases in the literature. PMID:26389052

  3. Maxillary sinus carcinoma: Natural history and outcome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To assess natural history, treatment outcome and pattern of relapse in patients with maxillary sinus carcinoma. A review was conducted of the medical records of all adult patients with maxillary sinus carcinoma, who were treated at King Faisal Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, between January 1990 and December 1999. A total of 60 patients were identified for analysis, 36 men and 24 women; the median age was 58-years (range 23-95). Major presenting symptoms were facial swelling 55%, facial pain 50%, and nasal obstruction 43.4%, with a median duration of 5-months (range 1-24). Histology was quamous cell carcinoma in 71.7% and adenoid cystic in 16.7%. They were restaged according to American Joint Committee on Cancer classification 1997 as II, III and IV in 1, 10 and 49. Thirty patients received treatment with curative intent (surgery in 4 patients, radiotherapy in 2, and combined modality in 24), 6 patients refused treatment and 24 were treated palliatively. With a median follow up of 50-months (range 2-128) in surviving patients treated with a curative intent, 12/30 failed locally, 4/30 in the regional neck nodes and 2/30 had systemic relapse. The actuarial 5-year overall survival (OS), relapse free survival (RFS) and local control rate (LC) were 55%, 39% and 51%. Treatment modality was the only significant prognostic factor for outcome, with 5 year OS, RFS and LC of 72%, 49% and 61%, for combined modality using surgery followed by radiotherapy compared to 0% for single approach (p=0.0003, p=0.0052 and p=0.0098). This study indicates that the majority of our patients presented with advanced disease, resulting in poor outcome to conventional treatment modalities. Efforts should be directed to minimize the delay in diagnosis at the primary care level. Combined modality treatment should be offered to all patients with locally advanced disease. New approaches such as neoadjuvant or concurrent chemoradiotherapy with or without surgery need to be considered and evaluated in prospective studies. (author)

  4. An Odontoma Found in the Wake of Maxillary Sinusitis Onset

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Sinusitis of dental origin is a relatively frequent entity, and odontomas are considered to be the most common odontogenic tumors of the oral cavity. Eruption and infection of odontomas are extremely rare. Here, we report an interesting case where odontoma was found in the wake of the maxillary sinusitis onset.

  5. Primary Small Cell Undifferentiated (Neuroendocrine) Carcinoma of the Maxillary Sinus

    OpenAIRE

    Santosh Kumar Yadav; Premalatha Shetty

    2014-01-01

    Primary small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SNEC) of the paranasal sinuses is an extremely rare and distinctive tumor with aggressive clinical behavior. Moreover, SNECs originating in the head and neck region have been reported to be highly aggressive and to have a poor prognosis. This report describes a patient with a maxillary sinus SNEC who was successfully treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and concurrent chemoradiotherapy.

  6. Sinusitis Maxilar de Origen Odontogénica: Diagnóstico y Tratamiento Quirúrgico / Maxillary Sinusitis of Odontogenic Origin: Surgical Diagnosis and Treatment

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ferdinando, De Conto; Mayara, De Bona; Graciele, Rui; Gisele, Rovani; Roque, Rhoden; Mateus, Ericson Flores.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La sinusitis odontogénica afecta la mucosa de los senos maxilares y puede ser causada por la evolución de una lesión en el diente con formación de pus periapical que avanza en el interior de la cavidad sinusal. Se presenta un caso de un paciente con dens in dente en el diente incisivo lateral superi [...] or derecho, que sufrió el proceso de caries evolucionando en la región periapical, contaminando la mucosa sinusal de este lado, lo que causó el dolor, abultamiento y el desplazamiento del diente. La cirugía se realizó a través de acceso de Caldwell-Luc para el curetaje de la lesión, lo que indica la presencia en el diagnóstico histopatológico la presencia de quiste abscedado y sinusitis. Después de 18 meses de control, se observó la regeneración ósea y el reposicionamiento alveolar espontáneo de los dientes implicados. Los autores advierten que cíngulos profundos y dens in dente son las enfermedades de los dientes que merecen atención para el diagnóstico y la prevención de los procesos de caries con el fin de evitar complicaciones mayores. Abstract in english Odontogenic sinusitis affects mucous membrane of the maxillary sinus and can be caused by the evolution of a tooth injury with formation of periapical abscess that advances into the sinus cavity. We present a patient with dens in dente in the upper right lateral incisor tooth, which suffered carious [...] process and periapical abscess, contaminating the sinus mucosa on this side, which caused pain, bulging and tooth displacement. Surgery was performed via a Caldwell-Luc access for curettage of the lesion, indicating the presence in the histopathological diagnosis of radicular cyst abscess and sinusitis. After 18 months of control, alveolar bone regeneration and spontaneous repositioning of teeth involved was observed. The authors warn that cingulum deep in dens in dente are diseases of the tooth that deserve attention for the diagnosis and prevention of carious processes in order to avoid further complications.

  7. The value of panoramic radiography in assessing maxillary sinus inflammation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the value of panoramic radiography in diagnosing maxillary sinus inflammation. A total of 214 maxillary sinuses from 114 panoramic radiographs were assessed in this study. Two independent experienced oral radiologists evaluated the images in random order for sinus inflammation. Using Cone beam CT images as the gold standard, the sensitivity and specificity of panoramic radiography were calculated, and inter- and intraobserver agreement for panoramic interpretation were obtained. The mean sensitivity and specificity of panoramic radiography were 81.0% and 85.6%, respectively. The weighted kappas for inter- and intraobserver agreement of panoramic radiography were 0.56 and 0.60, respectively. Panoramic radiography is a reasonably accurate method for diagnosing maxillary sinus inflammation and can be used for screening. However, additional examinations should be considered in patients with potentially significant pathology.

  8. Chronic maxillary sinusitis and diabetes related maxillary osteonecrosis: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huh, Suk; Lee, Chae-Yoon; Ohe, Joo-Young; Lee, Jung-Woo; Choi, Byung-Jun; Lee, Baek-Soo; Kwon, Yong-Dae

    2015-12-01

    Dental infections and maxillary sinusitis are the main causes of osteomyelitis. Osteomyelitis can occur in all age groups, and is more frequently found in the lower jaw than in the upper jaw. Systemic conditions that can alter the patient's resistance to infection including diabetes mellitus, anemia, and autoimmune disorders are predisposing factors for osteomyelitis. We report a case of uncommon broad maxillary osteonecrosis precipitated by uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic maxillary sinusitis in a female patient in her seventies with no history of bisphosphonate or radiation treatment. PMID:26734561

  9. Chronic maxillary sinusitis and diabetes related maxillary osteonecrosis: a case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    Dental infections and maxillary sinusitis are the main causes of osteomyelitis. Osteomyelitis can occur in all age groups, and is more frequently found in the lower jaw than in the upper jaw. Systemic conditions that can alter the patient's resistance to infection including diabetes mellitus, anemia, and autoimmune disorders are predisposing factors for osteomyelitis. We report a case of uncommon broad maxillary osteonecrosis precipitated by uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic maxillary sinusitis in a female patient in her seventies with no history of bisphosphonate or radiation treatment. PMID:26734561

  10. Evaluation the success of osseointegrated implants in maxillary sinus grafts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubens Eduardo Gigli

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To analyze implants placed in maxillary sinus grafts with biomaterial of bovine origin and platelet-rich plasma, observing bone neoformation and the clinical and histologic success rate presented.Methods: Analysis of the clinical findings was based on 36 maxillary sinus grafts with 101 implants placed in 30 patients with a mean age of 47 years, and the histologic analysis, based on nine samples of the 36 grafts performed, with a mean interval of 7.5 months time of the graft, the majority of patients being men with a mean age of 42 years. Results: Clinically, 91 implants placed were osseointegrated.Conclusion: Based on the results presented, it was concluded that when implants are placed in the maxillary sinus region grafted with biomaterial, they present a high success rate. ISRCTN24003246

  11. Methylene blue mediated laser therapy of maxillary sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genina, E. A.; Bashkatov, A. N.; Chikina, E. E.; Knyazev, A. B.; Mareev, O. V.; Tuchin, V. V.

    2006-07-01

    The purpose of the present work is a clinical study of photodynamic therapy of maxillary sinusitis. 0.1%-Methylene Blue aqueous solution in combination with He-Ne laser irradiation (632.8 nm) have been used for treatment of maxillary sinus mucous of patients with acute and chronic maxillary sinusitis. The differences between the results of the treatment with dye and light versus treatment with a drug for every group of patients were statistically analyzed by Student’s t test. The efficacy of the photodynamic therapy was estimated with the use of the following criteria: the state of respiration, olfaction, duration of purulent discharge, reconstruction of transport function of ciliary epithelium, etc. The obtained results have shown that the photodynamic therapy is effective in comparison with conservative methods of treatment of the disease.

  12. COMPARISON OF ENDOSCOPIC SINUS SURGERY AND ANTRAL WASH OUT IN THE MANAGEMENT OF SUBACUTE AND CHRONIC MAXILLARY SINUSITIS

    OpenAIRE

    MuthuBabu K, Srinivasan MK., Sakthivel M, Kiran kumar C, Arvindh kumar G

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Sub acute and chronic maxillary sinusitis is commonly encountered in day to day ENT practice. Here we compare the management options available in the treatment of these two conditions. Methodology: Endoscopic sinus surgery and antral wash out are two well known and authentic procedures used in the management of maxillary sinusitis. Here we evaluate the effectiveness and advantages of both the procedures in the management of sub acute and chronic maxillary sinusitis. 40 patients ...

  13. Recurrent solid ameloblastoma of the maxillary sinus: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Martins de Paiva Tadeu Leonardo; Gama de Paiva Rosa Patrícia; Guimarães Henriques João César; Dantas Batista Jonas; Bardi Matai Viníícius Caio; Rangel Rosa Rafaela

    2012-01-01

    Introduction. Ameloblastomas are clinically the most important type of odontogenic tumors. Solid or multicystic form most commonly affects mandible, it is highly aggressive and shows high rates of recurrence. The aim was to report aggressive behavior of a rare maxillary solid ameloblastoma, emphasizing the clinical, tomographic and histological aspects. Case Report. A young and asymptomatic patient, presenting a solid ameloblastoma initially located in the maxillary sinus with rapid spr...

  14. Endodontic material diffusion in the pathogenesis of maxillary sinus aspergillosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stéfano Florenzano

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available One undesirable sequela of root canal treatment is the overextension of endodontic material into the maxillary sinus, which may represent a risk factor for maxillary sinus aspergillosis (MSA. Diverse clinical presentations of aspergillosis have been reported and they vary depending on the immune status of the host. The noninvasive form called Aspergillus mycetoma occurs mostly in healthy people. This report describes a case of MSA associated with root canal over fi lling in a 27-year-old healthy man. The patient had been asymptomatic for 6 years after root canal treatment. Radiography revealed a diffuse radiopaque mass inside the left maxillary sinus, with radiolucent areas near the cortical bone of the maxillary sinus. Computed tomography (CT showed the presence of material with a density similar to that of soft tissue. Imaging fi ndings suggested that the calci fi cation fi lled the left maxillary antrum, without expansion or bone destruction. The lesion was removed, and microscopic examination of the specimen revealed an in fl ammatory process with numerous dichotomized fungal structures (compatible with Aspergillus sp.. Histopathological features were compatible with aspergillosis. Treatment consisted of surgery and adjunctive anti-fungal therapy with itraconazole. Clinical and radiographic follow-up revealed no recurrence of the lesion.

  15. Maxillary sinus septa: comparison between panoramic radiography and CBCT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nah, Kyung Soo [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-06-15

    To investigate and compare the prevalence, size, and location of maxillary sinus septa on panoramic and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images.Two hundred patients who had taken both panoramic and CBCT images were included. The location of maxillary sinus septa on the panoramic radiographs were recorded and confirmed on the CBCT images. Also the size of septa was measured on the reformatted CBCT images. The prevalence of the patients who had maxillary sinus septa was 51.0% and they showed 179 septa totally. Among them 51.0% of the patients had one septum, 32.4% two septa, 13.7% three, and 2.9% four. The measured heights of the septa were 4.37 {+-} 2.87 mm, 3.51 {+-} 2.47 mm, and 3.04 {+-} 2.37 mm in the medial, middle, and lateral areas, respectively. It was revealed that 1.0% was located at canine region, 18.0% at first premolar, 25.0% at second premolar, 22.7% at first molar, 19.8% at second molar, and 14.0% at third molar region. Among 213 septa depicted by the panoramic radiographs, only 69.0% were confirmed at the CBCT images. Since various heights and courses of the septa can develop in all parts of the maxillary sinus, adequate assessment of the inner aspect of the maxillary sinus is essential to avoid complications during sinus augmentation procedures. CBCT scanning is the preferred radiographic method for detecting the presence of sinus septa.

  16. Maxillary sinus septa: comparison between panoramic radiography and CBCT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To investigate and compare the prevalence, size, and location of maxillary sinus septa on panoramic and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images.Two hundred patients who had taken both panoramic and CBCT images were included. The location of maxillary sinus septa on the panoramic radiographs were recorded and confirmed on the CBCT images. Also the size of septa was measured on the reformatted CBCT images. The prevalence of the patients who had maxillary sinus septa was 51.0% and they showed 179 septa totally. Among them 51.0% of the patients had one septum, 32.4% two septa, 13.7% three, and 2.9% four. The measured heights of the septa were 4.37 ± 2.87 mm, 3.51 ± 2.47 mm, and 3.04 ± 2.37 mm in the medial, middle, and lateral areas, respectively. It was revealed that 1.0% was located at canine region, 18.0% at first premolar, 25.0% at second premolar, 22.7% at first molar, 19.8% at second molar, and 14.0% at third molar region. Among 213 septa depicted by the panoramic radiographs, only 69.0% were confirmed at the CBCT images. Since various heights and courses of the septa can develop in all parts of the maxillary sinus, adequate assessment of the inner aspect of the maxillary sinus is essential to avoid complications during sinus augmentation procedures. CBCT scanning is the preferred radiographic method for detecting the presence of sinus septa.

  17. Laser therapy of acute and chronic maxillary sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bashkatov, Alexey N.; Genina, Elina A.; Chikina, Elena E.; Meglinski, Igor V.; Tuchin, Valery V.; Knyazev, Anatoly B.; Mareev, Oleg V.

    2006-06-01

    The clinical results of photodynamic therapy of maxillary sinusitis have been presented. 0.1%-Methylene Blue aqueous solution in combination with He-Ne laser irradiation (632.8 nm) has been used for treatment of patients with acute and chronic maxillary sinusitis. Efficacy of the photodynamic therapy was estimated with the use of the following criteria: the state of respiration, olfaction, duration of purulent discharge, reconstruction of transport function of ciliary epithelium, etc. The obtained results have shown that the photodynamic therapy is effective in comparison with conservative methods of treatment of the diseases.

  18. CT features in second cancers of the maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Five patients with a second maxillary cancer (squamous cell carcinoma), which developed 6 to 17 years after initial treatment for the first cancer on the opposite side, were compared with 21 control cases with a primary cancer on the basis of computed tomography (CT) findings. Generally, the second cancer was found at an earlier stage. The specific CT findings of early sinus carcinoma were uneven soft tissue distribution in the antrum and tumor permeation with bone fragments remaining at the original tumor site. These findings may be helpful for distiguishing this cancer from benign chronic sinusitis and/or other malignant sinus disease. The pterygoid process, medial bony wall, and ethmoid sinus had a tendency to be spared in most of the 5 patients with second maxillary cancer compared to the 21 control cases. (orig.)

  19. The role of laser radiation therapy in maxillary sinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    Isser, D. K.; Sett, S.; Saha, B. P.

    2002-01-01

    Efficacy of prescribed noninvasive & invasive types of treatment of maxillary sinusitis has been compared with low-dose LASER therapy (LLT). After going through the observations of different authors on the therapeutic role of LLT (GaA1AS-LASER) in non-ENT infective diseases, its use in ‘sinusitis’ has been adjudged. Such type of study-report has not been found by us in the literatures, available to us.

  20. Treatment results of maxillary sinus carcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    From 1967 through 1983, a total of 617 patients with maxillary sinus carcinoma were treated with radiation therapy. An overall actuarial 5-year survival rate was 36.2%. According to chronological groups, it was 24.1% in 217 patients treated during the period 1967-1971, 40.0% in 155 patients during the period 1972-1975, and 44.6% in 245 patients during the period 1976-1983. According to T staging, an actuarial 5-year local control rate was 60.0% for T1 (9 patients), 43.1% for T2 (181), 31.7% for T3 (246), and 19.2% for T4 (181). According to initial treatment, the patients were divided into four groups -- Group A treated with radiation therapy (RT) alone, Group B with RT combined with intra-arterial infusion of 5-fluorouracil (RT+5-FU), Group C with RT combined with surgical removal through curettage (RT+OP), and Group D with multidisciplinary treatment consisting of RT, 5-FU regional infusion, and curettage (RT+5-FU+OP). For T2, the 5-year actuarial local control rate was 25.5% in Group A (51 patients), 45.0% in Group B (55), 58.2% in Group C (23), and 51.5% in Group D (52). The corresponding figures for T3 were 13.2% in Group A (85 patietns), 33.6% in Group B (78), 52.3% in Group C (31), and 45.9% in Group D (52); and those for T4 were 7.6% in Group A (77 patients), 27.2% in Group B (52), 17.8% in Group C (20), and 31.5% in Group D (32). Concomitant RT and 5-FU regional infusion and/or curettage remarkably improved the local control rate. No significant additive effect of 5-FU infusion on T2 and T3 was observed, nor was any usefulness of curettage for T4 in Group B observed. A dose of TDF 90-99 was beneficial for local control rate. The use of 5-FU might reduce irradiation doses optimal to radiation therapy. (N.K.)

  1. Surgical removal of dental implants displaced into the maxillary sinus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chrcanovic Ramos Bruno

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The accidental displacement of roots, endodontic materials and dental implants into the maxillary sinus are relatively common complications in dental clinical practice. The purpose of this study is to present four cases of displaced dental implant into maxillary sinus, their treatment as well as the prevention of this condition. There are three different major approaches to remove materials displaced into the maxillary sinus: suction from the socket of an extracted tooth, the classical open surgery via the canine fossa and endoscopic approach. A relevant improvement of surgical techniques previous to, or in association with, the placement of implants in the posterior maxilla, has tremendously expanded the possibilities and indications for such treatments. To decrease the risk for developing side effects, it is recommended that sinus augmentation procedures should be performed before inserting implants in a resorbed upper jaw where sinus penetration is unavoidable. As implant displacement in the paranasal sinuses may be followed by infectious complications, an immediate or early removal of the displaced implants is indicated.

  2. CT and MRI findings of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses in patients with nasal polyposis. Evaluation of the maxillary sinus and frontal sinus disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We reported the classification of nasal polyposis owing to the extent of paranasal sinus disease by using CT and MRI. The relation between the presence of maxillary and frontal sinus disease and the extent of disease in the nasal cavity, ethmoid sinus and sphenoid sinus was investigated. Statistical analysis showed significant relationship between the extent of disease into the anterior, posterior ethmoid and sphenoid sinuses and the presence of maxillary and frontal sinus disease in patients with nasal polyposis. (author)

  3. Endoscopic Extraction of the Impacted Wisdom Tooth from Maxillary Sinus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larin R.A.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available We described a case of laterally situated impacted wisdom tooth extraction in maxillary sinus using an endoscopic endonasal approach. The technique was shown to be an adequate alternative to a traumatic transmaxillary approach earlier applied in such cases.

  4. Chronic maxillary sinusitis and diabetes related maxillary osteonecrosis: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Huh, Suk; Lee, Chae-Yoon; Ohe, Joo-Young; LEE, Jung-Woo; Choi, Byung-Jun; Lee, Baek-Soo; Kwon, Yong-Dae

    2015-01-01

    Dental infections and maxillary sinusitis are the main causes of osteomyelitis. Osteomyelitis can occur in all age groups, and is more frequently found in the lower jaw than in the upper jaw. Systemic conditions that can alter the patient's resistance to infection including diabetes mellitus, anemia, and autoimmune disorders are predisposing factors for osteomyelitis. We report a case of uncommon broad maxillary osteonecrosis precipitated by uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic m...

  5. Growth patterns of the maxillary sinus based on computed tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The distance between two points in the bone and the angle of the bone wall were measured based on computed tomography imaging using Image Web Ver. 1.3 from Philips Electronics Japan, Ltd in order to investigate the growth patterns of the maxillary sinus. The results are as follows: Bone destruction and formation are simultaneously noted to occur in a forward direction in the normal anterior maxillary wall, with no thickening of the bone wall. The normal posterior maxillary wall grows in a forward longitudinal direction. The angle between the normal posterior and medial walls of the maxillary bone is 43 degrees, with no angle change is seen due to aging. The width of the alveolar process remains quite constant regardless of age, and the maxillary bone grows anteriorly, laterally, and inferiorly, terminating its growth at around 20 years of age. The balance between bone destruction and formation in the anterior maxillary wall can be disrupted due to inflammation, thus leading to bone thickening. Inflammation can also inhibit the longitudinal growth of the posterior maxillary wall, thus resulting in bone thickening. The balance between bone destruction and the formation in the posterior maxillary wall can be disrupted due to inflammation, thus leading to lateral thickening of the bone, and thereby resulting in an increase in the angular difference between the posterior and medial walls. (author)

  6. A study of the distribution pattern and correlation between maxillary, frontal and sphenoid sinus volume

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In an attempt to study the distribution pattern and correlation between maxillary, frontal and sphenoid sinus volume, sinus volumes were measured by coronal CT scans of the paranasal sinus. Two hundred and four maxillary sinuses of 102 patients, the frontal sinuses of 62 patients and the sphenoid sinuses of 68 patients with no inflammatory changes detectable on CT scans of the each paranasal sinus and nasal cavity were analyzed. The volumes of the maxillary sinus showed a normal distribution, and its mean volume and standard deviation were 20.5±9.2 cm3. The logarithms of both frontal and sphenoid sinus volumes exhibited an normal distribution. The mean volume of the frontal sinus and the sphenoid sinus, which were calculated using logarithms of the sinus volumes statistically, were 8.3 cm3 and 9.6 cm3 respectively. The correlation coefficient was 0.134 between the maxillary and frontal sinus, 0.445 between the maxillary and sphenoid sinus and 0.315 between the frontal and sphenoid sinus. It is suggested that differences in the volume distribution pattern between the maxillary sinus and frontal or sphenoid sinus might be caused by differences in the growing process of each sinus. (author)

  7. Recurrent solid ameloblastoma of the maxillary sinus: A case report

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    Martins de Paiva Tadeu Leonardo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Ameloblastomas are clinically the most important type of odontogenic tumors. Solid or multicystic form most commonly affects mandible, it is highly aggressive and shows high rates of recurrence. The aim was to report aggressive behavior of a rare maxillary solid ameloblastoma, emphasizing the clinical, tomographic and histological aspects. Case Report. A young and asymptomatic patient, presenting a solid ameloblastoma initially located in the maxillary sinus with rapid spreading to the adjacent tissues, had early recurrence despite radical surgical approach. Conclusion. Multicystic or solid ameloblastoma has lower incidence in maxilla and extremely aggressive behavior, justifying careful follow-up of the patients.

  8. A Computed Tomographic Study on the Size and Bone Wall Thickness of the Maxillary Sinus in Normal, Preoperative and Postoperative Maxillary Sinusitis Patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To compare the size and bone wall thickness of the maxillary sinus in normal, preoperative and postoperative maxillary sinusitis patients. The author analyzed CT images of both left and right maxillary sinuses in 357 patients who visited Chonbuk National University Hospital between January 1997 and December 1998. The size and bone wall thickness of the maxillary sinus of normal, inflammatory and post-Caldwell-Luc groups were compared. The significant differences of transverse, maximum medio-lateral, maximum supero-inferior dimensions and medio-lateral dimension at nasal floor level between normal and post-Caldwell-Luc groups were found (P0.05). The significant differences of postero-lateral, infero-lateral and medial wall thickness between normal and post-Caldwell-Luc groups were found (P<0.05). The results of this study will aid in the diagnosis and treatment of maxillary sinus diseases and post operative treatment planning.

  9. The role of the maxillary sinus on the voice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koo, Soo Kweon; Kwon, Soon Bok; Chon, Kyong Myong; Kim, Yang Jae; Kim, Young Joong

    2015-09-01

    The objective of the study was to determine the effect of the maxillary sinus on the voice. The prospective study was conducted at an academic secondary referral center. A prospective chart review of 43 patients (17 males, 26 females) who conducted a voice recording and survey before and 3 months after middle meatal antrostomy whose lesion was confined to the maxillary sinus. Subjective voice changes were surveyed using a questionnaire. After phonation [?m ma: the Korean pronunciation of 'mother'], [Nu Na: the Korean pronunciation of 'sister'], we analyzed the nasal consonant [m] of [?m ma] and nasalized vowel [a] of [?m ma] and [a] of [Nu Na]. In the poll conducted, the change rates for males and females were 41.1 % (7/17) and 15.4 % (4/26), respectively; of the male patients, 85.7 % (6/7) felt that the sound quality was better and 14.3 % (1/6) that it was worse. However, all the female patients felt it was better. Among of the patients with an improved voice, reduced nasal sound was the most frequent observation. In an objective analysis, a tendency to lowered frequencies was observed for nasalized vowels after surgery. Significant differences were observed at second formant frequencies of [a] of [?m ma] and first formant frequencies of [a] of [Nu Na] in female subjects (P < 0.005). Our findings indicated that the maxillary sinus plays a role in the modification of voice quality. Preoperative counseling is important for patients concerning expected changes in the voice after maxillary sinus surgery. PMID:25348340

  10. Maxillary sinusitis caused by Lasiodiplodia theobromae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kindo A

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Lasiodiplodia (monotypic comprises a very small proportion of the fungal biota. It is a common plant pathogen in tropical and subtropical regions. Clinical reports on its association with onychomycosis, corneal ulcer and phaeohyphomycosis are available. However, Lasiodiplodia theobromae causing fungal sinusitis has not been reported. We present here a case of fungal sinusitis in a 30-year-old woman, who came to the ENT OPD (out patient department with complaints of intermittent bleeding and nasal discharge from the left side for a week. The patient complained of headache, predominantly on the left side and heaviness on and off since two months. Diagnosis was based on radiological and mycological evidence; the patient underwent endoscopic surgery and was started on antifungal treatment.

  11. A combined study of CT and MRI in chronic maxillary sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With CT of the paranasal sinusitis mucosal swelling can not be distinguished from fluid accumulation within the sinuses in patients with chronic sinusitis. We studied 12 cases of chronic sinusitis (17 sides) by means of CT and MRI, with which we could distinguish mucosal swelling from fluid accumulation in the maxillary sinuses. It was found that in a majority of cases with total clouding of the maxillary sinus the degree of swelling of mucous membrane was relatively small. This indicates that the main cause of total clouding of the maxillary sinus found in CT is due to accumulation of fluid rather than from obliteration of the sinus due to swelling of mucous membrane within the maxillary sinus. (author)

  12. Dental volumetric tomographical evaluation of location and prevalence of maxillary sinus septa

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    Ibrahim Damlar

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and location of maxillary sinus septa with the help of dental volumetric tomography. Methods: 760 patients? 1520 maxillary sinus were evaluated by dental volumetric tomography for detecting maxillary sinus septa. Maxillary sinus was divided into 3 zones (anterior, middle and posterior zones while location of the maxillary sinus septa. Results: 47 of maxillary sinus septa existed in the anterior zone (24.7%, 35 of them in the middle zone (18.4% and 108 of them in the posterior region (56.8%. Conclusion: The formation of the maxillary sinus septa was affected by the existence or lack of the teeth. Correct detection of the presence of maxillary sinus septa was important prior to sinus lifting and dental implant surgery. Dental volumetric tomographical evaluation of maxillary sinus septa was more useful for a correct diagnosis and treatment planning. [Cukurova Med J 2013; 38(3.000: 467-474

  13. Sinus maxillaris mycetoma of odontogenic origin: case report

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Matjaz, Rode; Jernej, Podboj; Mirela, Kogoj-Rode.

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available O número de infecções fúngicas tem aumentado. Infecções fúngicas com a espécie Aspergillus, presentes nas cavidades dos maxilares, podem estar relacionadas com os ápices dos dentes do arco superior. Mudanças diagnósticas nos seios maxilares e certos tipos de dores faciais podem ser indicativos de in [...] fecção fúngica. Os autores relatam um caso de sinusite por aspergilose (aspergillosis sinusitis) e descrevem os métodos de diagnóstico e tratamento desta infecção, que pode estar relacionada com o tratamento endodôntico. Abstract in english Fungal infections are on the increase and those of the jaw cavities with Aspergillus species may be connected with the root apices of teeth in the upper jaw. Diagnostic changes in the sinus maxillaris and certain types of facial pain may be indicative of fungal infection. The authors report a case o [...] f aspergillosis sinusitis and describe the diagnostic methods and treatment of this infection that may be associated with endodontic treatment.

  14. Dentigerous cyst associated with a displaced tooth in the maxillary sinus: an unusual cause of recurrent sinusitis in an adolescent

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prabhu, Sanjay P.; Robson, Caroline D. [Children' s Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, Department of Radiology, Division of Neuroradiology, Boston, MA (United States); Padwa, Bonnie L. [Children' s Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Boston, MA (United States); Rahbar, Reza [Children' s Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Enhancement, Boston, MA (United States)

    2009-10-15

    We report an unusual case of a displaced maxillary molar and associated dentigerous cyst within the maxillary sinus in an adolescent presenting as recurrent sinusitis. Although a rare cause of sinusitis in children, dentigerous cysts should be included in the differential diagnosis for causes of persistent or recurrent sinusitis in this age group. This report provides further evidence for obtaining imaging studies when managing pediatric sinusitis that does not respond to standard antibiotic therapy. We discuss management options for these lesions including the differential diagnoses and need for follow-up. (orig.)

  15. A Peduncular Cystic Compound Odontoma on the Posterior Wall of the Maxillary Sinus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Byung Chul [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, Chonam National University, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-08-15

    A cystic compound odontoma in the maxillary sinus occurred in a 13-years-old boy, who had missing right upper third molar without having the history of extraction of the wisdom tooth. He complained nasal stuffiness, headache, and pain on the affected face, resembling any sign and symptoms of the maxillary sinus problems. The cysteic compound, sized 2 x 1.5 cm in diameter was pedunculated and attached on the posterior wall of the right maxillary sinus and above the antral floor. The location of the compound odontoma in the maxillary sinus was confirmed after panoramic, waters, spiral tomographic, CT examinations and surgical exploration. Irs location was on the medical, posterior, superior to the normal position of the maxillary third molar or the maxillary dental arch. The cystic odontoma in the maxillary sinus made the patient have the sings and symptoms of maxillary sinusitis. The cystic compound odontoma might be originated from the dental lamina of the missing upper right third molar. The 'V principle' of the upper jaw growth and the pneumatization process of the maxillary sinus could explain why the compound odontoma had peduncular shape and the location of odontoma was on the medial, superior to the normal position of the maxillary dental arch.

  16. A Peduncular Cystic Compound Odontoma on the Posterior Wall of the Maxillary Sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A cystic compound odontoma in the maxillary sinus occurred in a 13-years-old boy, who had missing right upper third molar without having the history of extraction of the wisdom tooth. He complained nasal stuffiness, headache, and pain on the affected face, resembling any sign and symptoms of the maxillary sinus problems. The cysteic compound, sized 2 x 1.5 cm in diameter was pedunculated and attached on the posterior wall of the right maxillary sinus and above the antral floor. The location of the compound odontoma in the maxillary sinus was confirmed after panoramic, waters, spiral tomographic, CT examinations and surgical exploration. Irs location was on the medical, posterior, superior to the normal position of the maxillary third molar or the maxillary dental arch. The cystic odontoma in the maxillary sinus made the patient have the sings and symptoms of maxillary sinusitis. The cystic compound odontoma might be originated from the dental lamina of the missing upper right third molar. The 'V principle' of the upper jaw growth and the pneumatization process of the maxillary sinus could explain why the compound odontoma had peduncular shape and the location of odontoma was on the medial, superior to the normal position of the maxillary dental arch.

  17. Evaluation of the postoperative maxillary sinus with computed tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the computed tomographic appearances of postoperative maxillary sinuses. 33 asymptomatic cases of post-operative maxillary sinus without evidence of any pathologic changes and clinical symptoms were selected. CT images were classified as opacification, soft tissue shadow, anterior wall depression, nasoantral communication, and compartmentalization. The relationships between the CT image and the age of patients at the time of operation, and between the CT image and the duration of time elapsed since the surgical procedure were evaluated. The most commonly presented radiological characteristics that occurred after the Caldwell-Luc procedure were opacification and soft tissue shadow. Anterior wall depression and nasoantral communication were radiographic indications that a Caldwell-Luc operation had been carried out. The age of patients when they had been first operated on, and the duration between the surgical procedure and the time of evaluation had no effect on the CT appearances of normal changes. In cases involving a longer time interval between the antral surgery and evaluation, the anterior wall depression with bony healing was more commonly observed than soft tissue healing. The radiographic information regarding the normal healing state using computed tomography can distinguish post-operative changes from inflammatory and cystic disease in patients who have undergone a Caldwell-Luc type of radical maxillary astronomy.

  18. Removal of maxillary sinus metallic foreign body like a hand sewing needle by magnetic iron.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Linqin; Qin, Xiurong; Ma, Yingwei

    2014-01-01

    Metallic foreign bodies are rarely found in the maxillary sinus, and usually they have a dental origin. Two main surgical app-roaches are currently used for the removal of foreign bodies in the maxillary sinus: the bone flap and the endoscopic sinus tech-niques. However, the treatment is not only surgical removal. We are reporting one case of foreign body like a hand sewing needle entered into the maxillary sinus through an unusual route- carious deciduous molar tooth. It was diagnosed by three-dimensional images from cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and removed by a simple procedure, with magnetic iron, thereby avoiding the risk of damage to a large portion of the alveolar bone near the maxillary sinus. How to cite this article: Shao L, Qin X, Ma Y. Removal of Maxillary Sinus Metallic Foreign Body Like a Hand Sewing Needle by Magnetic Iron. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(1):61-64. PMID:25206242

  19. Experimental maxillary sinus augmentation using a highly bioactive glass ceramic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vivan, Rodrigo Ricci; Mecca, Carlos Eduardo; Biguetti, Claudia Cristina; Rennó, Ana Claudia Muniz; Okamoto, Roberta; Cavenago, Bruno Cavalini; Duarte, Marco Húngaro; Matsumoto, Mariza Akemi

    2016-02-01

    Physicochemical characteristics of a biomaterial directly influence its biological behavior and fate. However, anatomical and physiological particularities of the recipient site also seem to contribute with this process. The present study aimed to evaluate bone healing of maxillary sinus augmentation using a novel bioactive glass ceramic in comparison with a bovine hydroxyapatite. Bilateral sinus augmentation was performed in adult male rabbits, divided into 4 groups according to the biomaterial used: BO-particulate bovine HA Bio-Oss(®) (BO), BO+G-particulate bovine HA + particulate autogenous bone graft (G), BS-particulate glass ceramic (180-212 ?m) Biosilicate(®) (BS), and BS+G-particulate glass ceramic + G. After 45 and 90 days, animals were euthanized and the specimens prepared to be analyzed under light and polarized microscopy, immunohistochemistry, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and micro-computed tomography (?CT). Results revealed different degradation pattern between both biomaterials, despite the association with bone graft. BS caused a more intense chronic inflammation with foreign body reaction, which led to a difficulty in bone formation. Besides this evidence, SEM and ?CT confirmed direct contact between newly formed bone and biomaterial, along with osteopontin and osteocalcin immunolabeling. Bone matrix mineralization was late in BS group but became similar to BO at day 90. These results clearly indicate that further studies about Biosilicate(®) are necessary to identify the factors that resulted in an unfavorable healing response when used in maxillary sinus augmentation. PMID:26712707

  20. Maxillary sinus 3D segmentation and reconstruction from cone beam CT data sets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Segmentation of the maxillary sinuses for three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction, visualization and volumetry is sought using an automated algorithm applied to cone beam computed tomographic (CBCT) data sets. Materials and methods: Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data sets of three subjects aged 9, 17, and 27 were used in 3D segmentation and reconstruction. The maxillary sinuses were obtained by propagation from one start point in the right sinus and one start point in the left sinus to the whole regions of both sinuses. The procedure was based on voxel intensity distributions and common anatomic structures, specifically each middle meatus of the nasal cavity. A program was written in C++ and VTK languages to demonstrate the surface topological shapes of the maxillary sinuses. Results: The developed segmentation algorithm separated maxillary sinuses successfully permitting accurate comparisons. It was robust and efficient. 3D morphological features of the maxillary sinuses were observed from three human subjects. Conclusions: Automated segmentation of maxillary sinuses from CBCT data sets is feasible using the proposed method. This tool might be useful for visualization, pathological diagnosis, and treatment planning of maxillary sinus disorders. (orig.)

  1. Radiotherapy for carcinomas of the paranasal sinus (excluding the maxillary sinus)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thirty-seven patients with carcinomas of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses (excluding the maxillary sinus) were treated with radiotherapy with or without surgery at Jikei University Hospital from 1979 through 1994. Of these patients (14 with carcinomas in the nasal cavity, 17 in the ethmoid sinus, and 6 in the sphenoid sinus), 16 were treated with radiotherapy alone and 21 with both surgery and radiotherapy. The patients received median doses of 60 Gy for radiotherapy alone, 41 Gy for preoperative radiotherapy, and 51 Gy for postoperative radiotherapy. The 2-year local control rates in stages I and II were 60% with radiotherapy alone (75% if the dose was 60 Gy or more) and 57% with combined therapy. We conclude that tumors of stages I and II showing at least a partial response to a dose of 40 Gy should be treated with full-dose radiotherapy. (author)

  2. Computed tomography measurements of different dimensions of maxillary and frontal sinuses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abul-Kasim Kasim

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We have previously proposed the use of Doppler ultrasound to non-invasively stage sinus infection, as we showed that acoustic streaming could be generated in nonpurulent sinus secretions and helped to distinguish it from mucopurulent sinus secretions. In order to continue this development of a clinically applicable Doppler equipment, we need to determine different dimensions of the paranasal sinuses, especially the thickness of the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus (at the canine fossa. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the thickness of the canine fossa. This study aimed to (a estimate different dimensions of the maxillary and frontal sinuses measured on computed tomography (CT of the head, (b define cut-off values for the normal upper and lower limits of the different measured structures, (c determine differences in age, side and gender, (d compare manually and automatically estimated maxillary sinuses volumes, and (e present incidental findings in the paranasal sinuses among the study patients. Methods Dimensions of 120 maxillary and frontal sinuses from head CTs were measured independently by two radiologists. Results The mean value of the maxillary sinus volume was 15.7 ± 5.3 cm3 and significantly larger in males than in females (P = 0.004. There was no statistically significant correlation between the volume of maxillary sinuses with age or side. The mean value of the bone thickness at the canine fossa was 1.1 ± 0.4 mm. The automatically estimated volume of the maxillary sinuses was 14-17% higher than the calculated volume. There was high interobserver agreement with regard to the different measurements performed in this study. Different types of incidental findings of the paranasal sinuses were found in 35% of the patients. Conclusion We presented different dimensions of the maxillary and frontal sinuses on CTs. We believe that our data are necessary for further development of a clinically applicable Doppler equipment for staging rhinosinusitis.

  3. Computed tomography measurements of different dimensions of maxillary and frontal sinuses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have previously proposed the use of Doppler ultrasound to non-invasively stage sinus infection, as we showed that acoustic streaming could be generated in nonpurulent sinus secretions and helped to distinguish it from mucopurulent sinus secretions. In order to continue this development of a clinically applicable Doppler equipment, we need to determine different dimensions of the paranasal sinuses, especially the thickness of the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus (at the canine fossa). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the thickness of the canine fossa. This study aimed to (a) estimate different dimensions of the maxillary and frontal sinuses measured on computed tomography (CT) of the head, (b) define cut-off values for the normal upper and lower limits of the different measured structures, (c) determine differences in age, side and gender, (d) compare manually and automatically estimated maxillary sinuses volumes, and (e) present incidental findings in the paranasal sinuses among the study patients. Dimensions of 120 maxillary and frontal sinuses from head CTs were measured independently by two radiologists. The mean value of the maxillary sinus volume was 15.7 ± 5.3 cm3 and significantly larger in males than in females (P = 0.004). There was no statistically significant correlation between the volume of maxillary sinuses with age or side. The mean value of the bone thickness at the canine fossa was 1.1 ± 0.4 mm. The automatically estimated volume of the maxillary sinuses was 14-17% higher than the calculated volume. There was high interobserver agreement with regard to the different measurements performed in this study. Different types of incidental findings of the paranasal sinuses were found in 35% of the patients. We presented different dimensions of the maxillary and frontal sinuses on CTs. We believe that our data are necessary for further development of a clinically applicable Doppler equipment for staging rhinosinusitis

  4. Maxillary sinus marrow hyperplasia in sickle cell anemia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marrow hyperplasia is a sequela of sickle cell anemia (SCA) and may be seen in the skull in children after 5 years of age. The facial bones, except for the mandible and orbits, are usually not involved. We report an unusual case of a 28-month-old black boy with SCA who presented with extensive marrow hyperplasia of the maxillary sinuses in addition to severe calvarial and mandibular changes. The imaging characteristics on CT (similar to other sites of marrow hyperplasia) and MR (low signal on both T1 and T2 sequences) should aid in making the correct diagnosis. (orig.)

  5. Retinated 28th Tooth in a Maxillary Sinus — a Rare Observation in a Practice of Otorhinolaryngologist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larin R.A.

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available An observation of a retinated 28th tooth and follicular cyst discovered in a maxillary sinus in patient with a chronic maxillary sinusitis is presented. The peculiarities of surgical intervention with a use of endoscopic technique are demonstrated.

  6. Is the Maxillary Sinus Really Suitable in Sex Determination? A Three-Dimensional Analysis of Maxillary Sinus Volume and Surface Depending on Sex and Dentition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Möhlhenrich, Stephan Christian; Heussen, Nicole; Peters, Florian; Steiner, Timm; Hölzle, Frank; Modabber, Ali

    2015-11-01

    The morphometric analysis of maxillary sinus was recently presented as a helpful instrument for sex determination. The aim of the present study was to examine the volume and surface of the fully dentate, partial, and complete edentulous maxillary sinus depending on the sex. Computed tomography data from 276 patients were imported in DICOM format via special virtual planning software, and surfaces (mm) and volumes (mm) of maxillary sinuses were measured. In sex-specific comparisons (women vs men), statistically significant differences for the mean maxillary sinus volume and surface were found between fully dentate (volume, 13,267.77 mm vs 16,623.17 mm, P?event through the increase in pneumatization. PMID:26594986

  7. Hyperostosis of the maxillary sinus wall in aspergillosis: is it a characteristic finding

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Ji Young; Cho, Woo Ho; Kim, Joung Sook; Kim, Myung Gyu; Kim, Young Hoon; Woo, Hoon Young [College of Medicine, Inje Univ., Kimhae (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-03-01

    To determine whether the wall thickening of the maxillary sinus is a characteristic finding in aspergillosis. In 103 patients, including 26 with aspergillosis, 21 with inverted papilloma (IP), and 56 with unilateral chronic sinusitis, the thickness of the maxillary sinus wall was determined by CT scanning. All cases were proven pathologically, and patients with a history of previous surgery of bone destruction were excluded. Two neuroradiologists retrospectively reviewed the CT scans using bone window settings for sinus wall hyperostosis and the presence of intrasinus calcification. Thickening of the maxillary sinus wall was assessed visually in a semiquantitative manner, and graded as 'none' (absence of thickening), 'mild' (thickening of up to 1.5 times), or moderate ot severe(over 1.5 times thicker than normal contralateral sinus wall at its thickest point). Moderate to severe wall thickening was found only in patients with aspergillosis (21/26, 80.8%). Mild wall thickening was seen in two patients with aspergillosis (2/26, 7.7%), in 12 of 21 with IP (57.1%), and in 5 of 56 with chronic maxillary sinusitis (8.9%). Most cases of chronic maxillary sinusits( 51/56,91.1%), 9/21 IP cases (42.9%), and 3/26 cases of aspergillosis (11.5%) showed no thickening of the maxillary sinus wall. Calcifications were found in 18 patients with aspergillosis (69.2%), in no patient with IP (0%), and in one with chronic maxillary sinusitis (1.8%). We suggest that 'moderate to severe' wall thickening of the maxillary sinus is the characteristic finding of aspergillosis. Although various sinonasal diseases can cause bone change, CT findings of hyperostosis of the maxillary sinus and intrasinus calcification are very helpful in differentiating fungal sinusitis from other types of chronic inflammatory lesions.

  8. Hyperostosis of the maxillary sinus wall in aspergillosis: is it a characteristic finding

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine whether the wall thickening of the maxillary sinus is a characteristic finding in aspergillosis. In 103 patients, including 26 with aspergillosis, 21 with inverted papilloma (IP), and 56 with unilateral chronic sinusitis, the thickness of the maxillary sinus wall was determined by CT scanning. All cases were proven pathologically, and patients with a history of previous surgery of bone destruction were excluded. Two neuroradiologists retrospectively reviewed the CT scans using bone window settings for sinus wall hyperostosis and the presence of intrasinus calcification. Thickening of the maxillary sinus wall was assessed visually in a semiquantitative manner, and graded as 'none' (absence of thickening), 'mild' (thickening of up to 1.5 times), or moderate ot severe(over 1.5 times thicker than normal contralateral sinus wall at its thickest point). Moderate to severe wall thickening was found only in patients with aspergillosis (21/26, 80.8%). Mild wall thickening was seen in two patients with aspergillosis (2/26, 7.7%), in 12 of 21 with IP (57.1%), and in 5 of 56 with chronic maxillary sinusitis (8.9%). Most cases of chronic maxillary sinusits( 51/56,91.1%), 9/21 IP cases (42.9%), and 3/26 cases of aspergillosis (11.5%) showed no thickening of the maxillary sinus wall. Calcifications were found in 18 patients with aspergillosis (69.2%), in no patient with IP (0%), and in one with chronic maxillary sinusitis (1.8%). We suggest that 'moderate to severe' wall thickening of the maxillary sinus is the characteristic finding of aspergillosis. Although various sinonasal diseases can cause bone change, CT findings of hyperostosis of the maxillary sinus and intrasinus calcification are very helpful in differentiating fungal sinusitis from other types of chronic inflammatory lesions

  9. Chronic maxillary sinusitis caused by root canal overfilling of Calcipex II

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Jin-Woo; Cho, Kyung-Mo; Park, Se-Hee; Park, Soh-Ra; Lee, Sang-Shin; Lee, Suk-Keun

    2014-01-01

    This is a case report of chronic maxillary sinusitis caused by root canal overfilling of Calcipex II (Techno-Dent). A 60 year-old male complained of dull pain in the right maxillary molar area after complicated endodontic treatment using Calcipex II paste and was finally diagnosed with a chronic maxillary sinusitis through a clinical and radiological observation. In the biopsy examination, the periapical granuloma contained a lot of dark and translucent Calcipex II granules which were not sta...

  10. CT findings of malignant tumors of maxillary sinus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Hyun Ae; Byun, Hong Sik; Kim, Kie Hwan; Chin, Soo Yil [Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1987-12-15

    CT findings of histologically proven malignant tumors of maxillary sinus in 36 patients were retrospectively analyzed. A variety of malignant tumors were included; 27 cases of squamous cell carcinoma, 3 malignant lymphomas, 2 malignant melanomas, 2 rhabdomyosarcomas, and chondrosarcoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, and malignant ameloblastoma. CT staging was T4 in 19 cases, T3 in 16 cases and T2 in 1 case. The most common involved area beyond maxillary antrum was nasal cavity (25 cases), followed by ethmoid sinus (20 cases), orbit (19 cases), infratemporal fossa (17 cases), check skin (13 cases), pterygopalatine fossa (10 cases), and nasopharynx (6 cases). Skeletal destruction was seen in medial wall of antrum (31 cases), posterior wall of antrum (25 cases), anterior wall of antrum (23 cases), roof of antrum (19 cases), lamina papyracea (6 cases), and lateral wall of orbit (5 cases) in that order of frequency. Lymph node metastases were found in 2 cases of malignant melanoma, 2 cases of malignant lymphoma, and chondrosarcoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and malignant ameloblastoma. Predilection site of lymph node involvement was submandibular (3 cases), internal jugular (2 cases), parotid (2 cases), and retropharyngeal node (1 case)

  11. CT findings of malignant tumors of maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT findings of histologically proven malignant tumors of maxillary sinus in 36 patients were retrospectively analyzed. A variety of malignant tumors were included; 27 cases of squamous cell carcinoma, 3 malignant lymphomas, 2 malignant melanomas, 2 rhabdomyosarcomas, and chondrosarcoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, and malignant ameloblastoma. CT staging was T4 in 19 cases, T3 in 16 cases and T2 in 1 case. The most common involved area beyond maxillary antrum was nasal cavity (25 cases), followed by ethmoid sinus (20 cases), orbit (19 cases), infratemporal fossa (17 cases), check skin (13 cases), pterygopalatine fossa (10 cases), and nasopharynx (6 cases). Skeletal destruction was seen in medial wall of antrum (31 cases), posterior wall of antrum (25 cases), anterior wall of antrum (23 cases), roof of antrum (19 cases), lamina papyracea (6 cases), and lateral wall of orbit (5 cases) in that order of frequency. Lymph node metastases were found in 2 cases of malignant melanoma, 2 cases of malignant lymphoma, and chondrosarcoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and malignant ameloblastoma. Predilection site of lymph node involvement was submandibular (3 cases), internal jugular (2 cases), parotid (2 cases), and retropharyngeal node (1 case)

  12. Chronic Maxillary Sinusitis Associated with an Unusual Foreign Body: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Yunus Feyyat ?ahin; Togay Muderris; Sami Bercin; Ergun Sevil; Muzaffer K?r?s

    2012-01-01

    Foreign bodies in maxillary sinuses are unusual clinical conditions, and they can cause chronic sinusitis by mucosal irritation. Most cases of foreign bodies in maxillary sinus are related to iatrogenic dental manipulation and only a few cases with non-dental origin are reported. Oroantral fistulas secondary to dental procedures are the most common way of insertion. Treatment is surgical removal of the foreign body either endoscopically or with a combined approach, with Caldwell-Luc procedure...

  13. Detection and Identification of Fungi from Fungus Balls of the Maxillary Sinus by Molecular Techniques

    OpenAIRE

    Willinger, Birgit; Obradovic, Alexandra; Selitsch, Brigitte; Beck-Mannagetta, Johann; Buzina, Walter; Braun, Hannes; Apfalter, Petra; Hirschl, Alexander M; Makristathis, Athanasios; Rotter, Manfred

    2003-01-01

    The aim of this study was to find a reliable method for the detection and identification of fungi in fungus balls of the maxillary sinus and to evaluate the spectrum of fungi in these samples. One hundred twelve samples were obtained from patients with histologically proven fungal infections; 81 samples were paraffin-embedded tissue sections of the maxillary sinus. In 31 cases, sinus contents without paraffin embedding were sent for investigation. PCR amplification with universal fungal prime...

  14. Radiodense concrements in sinus maxillaris-CT diagnosis of sinus aspergillosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    11 patients with radiodense concrements in the sinus maxillaris underwent a preoperative computertomographic examination of the sinus maxillaris and the sinus concrements. 8 patients (72.7%) with the occurrence of radiodense concrements presented postoperative a histological and microbiological infection with aspergillus fumigatus. The CT-numbers of radiodense concrements in patients with aspergillus were 2802±302.4 HU (Hounsfield Unit). Concrements of patients without aspergillus infection (n=3) had lower density (368.6±149.1 HU; p<0.001). The root filling materials showed narly the same CT-numbers in patients with aspergillus infection (2537±398.5 HU) and in patients without aspergillus infections (2544.3±460.6 HU). Density of root filling material was at the same level as density of radiopaque concrements in patients with aspergillus infections. According to CT-examinations a direct connection between root filling materials and aspergillus infection was noted. Therefore in patients with radiodense concrements computertomographic examination helps to determine the kind of sinus infection. (orig.)

  15. A Radiologic Study of the Relationship of the Maxillary Sinus Floor and Apex of the Maxillary Molar

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this study, radiographic evaluation was made using panoramic radiography and cross-sectional tomography of SCANORA in male and female adults in their 20 s on the relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the apex of the maxillary molar, to test the accuracy and effectiveness of the cross-sectional tomography, and to use this information in the assessment of preop, and postop, root canal treatment, apical surgery, extraction and implantology. Forty-one adults with an average age of 24.4 years were studied panoramic radiography and cross-sectional tomography. In panoramic view and cross-sectional view, the position of the apices of maxillary molars were classified as separated, contacted, or protruded type; the general shape of the maxillary sinus floor was evaluated horizontally and vertically from cross-sectional tomography. The accuracy of each radiography was tested using maxilla from 5 fresh cadavers from the Anatomy Lab at Yonsei University Dental College, and panoramic view and cross-sectional tomography were taken in the same condition as with the patients. The results were as follows ; 1. Panoramic view and cross-sectional view were taken in the maxilla specimen, and the actual distance between the maxillary sinus floor and the tooth apices were measured in the specimen; the median values of the distance from the tooth apices to the maxillary sinus floor in the panoramic view, cross-sectional view and in the accrual maxilla specimen were 2.83 mm, 4.51 mm, and 4.15 mm, respectively. In the cross-sectional view, the measured distance was close to the actual distance but in the panoramic view, the measured distance was far from the actual distance. 2. When the results of the panoramic view and cross-sectional view were compared, 40.5% of the results agreed with each other in the two radiographic methods and buccal roots of the 2nd molar were the closest to the maxillary sinus floor in the cross-sectional tomography.3. In cross-sectional view, when the vertical relationship of the maxillary sinus floor and maxillary roots was assessed, in 1st molars, type II (the sinus floor that extends down to the buccolingual furcation area) was predominant, while in 2nd molars, type I (the sinus floor located above the level connecting the buccal and lingual apices) was predominant. In the horizontal relationship, in 1st olars, type II (ths lowest floor of the maxillary sinus located in between the buccal and lingual roots) was predominant; in 2nd molars, type I (the lowest floor of the maxillary sinus located on the buccal side of the buccal roots) and type II appeared in similar frequency. In conclusion, the SCANORA cross-sectional tomography was more effective than the frequently used panoramic view, in that the relationship of the maxillary molars and maxillary sinus floor can be evaluated more accurately and the buccolingual cross-sectional view can also be observed. And maxillary sinus floor that was close to maxillary 2nd molar had tendency to be located on buccal side than that close to 1st molar. Therefore, cross-sectional tomography is an effective and accurate method to evaluate the position of the teeth in relation to the sinus floor preoperative and can be easily used to diagnose localized periapical lesions. Also the image quality obtained was quite satisfactory.

  16. A Radiologic Study of the Relationship of the Maxillary Sinus Floor and Apex of the Maxillary Molar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoon, Hae Rym; Park, Chang Seo [Dept. of Dental Radiology, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-02-15

    In this study, radiographic evaluation was made using panoramic radiography and cross-sectional tomography of SCANORA in male and female adults in their 20 s on the relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the apex of the maxillary molar, to test the accuracy and effectiveness of the cross-sectional tomography, and to use this information in the assessment of preop, and postop, root canal treatment, apical surgery, extraction and implantology. Forty-one adults with an average age of 24.4 years were studied panoramic radiography and cross-sectional tomography. In panoramic view and cross-sectional view, the position of the apices of maxillary molars were classified as separated, contacted, or protruded type; the general shape of the maxillary sinus floor was evaluated horizontally and vertically from cross-sectional tomography. The accuracy of each radiography was tested using maxilla from 5 fresh cadavers from the Anatomy Lab at Yonsei University Dental College, and panoramic view and cross-sectional tomography were taken in the same condition as with the patients. The results were as follows: 1. Panoramic view and cross-sectional view were taken in the maxilla specimen, and the actual distance between the maxillary sinus floor and the tooth apices were measured in the specimen; the median values of the distance from the tooth apices to the maxillary sinus floor in the panoramic view, cross-sectional view and in the accrual maxilla specimen were 2.83 mm, 4.51 mm, and 4.15 mm, respectively. In the cross-sectional view, the measured distance was close to the actual distance but in the panoramic view, the measured distance was far from the actual distance. 2. When the results of the panoramic view and cross-sectional view were compared, 40.5% of the results agreed with each other in the two radiographic methods and buccal roots of the 2nd molar were the closest to the maxillary sinus floor in the cross-sectional tomography.3. In cross-sectional view, when the vertical relationship of the maxillary sinus floor and maxillary roots was assessed, in 1st molars, type II (the sinus floor that extends down to the buccolingual furcation area) was predominant, while in 2nd molars, type I (the sinus floor located above the level connecting the buccal and lingual apices) was predominant. In the horizontal relationship, in 1st olars, type II (ths lowest floor of the maxillary sinus located in between the buccal and lingual roots) was predominant; in 2nd molars, type I (the lowest floor of the maxillary sinus located on the buccal side of the buccal roots) and type II appeared in similar frequency. In conclusion, the SCANORA cross-sectional tomography was more effective than the frequently used panoramic view, in that the relationship of the maxillary molars and maxillary sinus floor can be evaluated more accurately and the buccolingual cross-sectional view can also be observed. And maxillary sinus floor that was close to maxillary 2nd molar had tendency to be located on buccal side than that close to 1st molar. Therefore, cross-sectional tomography is an effective and accurate method to evaluate the position of the teeth in relation to the sinus floor preoperative and can be easily used to diagnose localized periapical lesions. Also the image quality obtained was quite satisfactory.

  17. A radiographic study of experimentally produced bone defects in the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of radiographs in detecting experimental bony defect in the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus. For this study, experimentally five skulls were used, the bony defects with a diameter of 5 mm were created at different locations in the posterior wall of the right maxillary sinus and the bony defects of 10 mm were created at different locations in the posterior wall on left maxillary sinus. Panoramic view, panoramic sinus view, water's view, and computed tomogram were taken and the results analyzed. The obtained results were as follows : 1. The panoramic view was superior to the panoramic sinus view in detecting the bony defects in the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus. 2. Panoramic view, panoramic sinus view, and waters' view were limitation to the detection of the bony defects in the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus. 3. All the bony defects in the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus were excellently visualized on the computed tomogram.

  18. Two-stage closed sinus lift: a new surgical technique for maxillary sinus floor augmentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krasny, Kornel; Krasny, Marta; Kami?ski, Artur

    2015-12-01

    Bone tissue atrophy may constitute a relative contraindication for implantation. The methods used in reconstruction of the alveolar ridge within the lateral section of the maxilla have been well known but not perfect. Presentation of the two-stage, closed sinus lift technique as well as efficacy evaluation of reconstruction of the alveolar ridge in the maxilla within its vertical dimension with the use of this technique. The total procedure was performed in 26 out of 28 patients qualified for the study. The height of the alveolar ridge at the site of the planned implantation was no treatment stage 1 the sinus lift was performed for the first time. The created hollow was filled with allogeneic granulate. After 3-6 months stage 2 was performed consisting in another sinus lift with simultaneous implantation. The treatment was completed with prosthetic restoration after 6 months of osteointegration. In 24 out of 26 cases stage 1 was completed with the average ridge height of 7.2 mm. In stage 2, simultaneously with the second sinus lift, 26 implants were placed and no cases of sinusitis were found. In the follow-up period none of the implants were lost. The presented method is efficient and combines the benefits of the open technique-allowing treatment in cases of larger reduction of the vertical dimension and the closed technique-as it does not require opening of the maxillary sinus. PMID:25754426

  19. A pitfall in treatment planning for maxillary sinus tumor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Typical treatment techniques are evaluated with a couple of humanoid phantom and TLD rods. Arbitary score is estimated at every measured point according to the three dimensional anatomical arrangement in the phantom, in order to evaluate the efficacy of each treatment plan. The excellent score is achieved by the technique with combination of 2-p wedge pair for maxillary sinus and 15 MeV electron for ethmoid sinus and adjacent nasal cavity. The second best is the 3-axial conformal plan, followed by oblique irregular wedge plan and the single axial conformal technique: the series of mono block wedge pair techniques are rather poor in dose efficacy. The existence of an underspot in the ethmoid sinus in the combination technique indicates that a careful consideration has to be given to the energy level of electron beam and the anatomical localization of the target volume. Differences between measured doses and planned doses are large: 5 to 13 % in the three dimensional dose distribution. (author)

  20. Near-infrared imaging of the sinuses: preliminary evaluation of a new technology for diagnosing maxillary sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmood, Usama; Cerussi, Albert; Dehdari, Reza; Nguyen, Quoc; Kelley, Timothy; Tromberg, Bruce; Wong, Brian

    2010-05-01

    Diagnosing sinusitis remains a challenge for primary care physicians. There is a need for a simple, office-based technique to aid in the diagnosis of sinusitis without the cost and radiation risk of conventional radiologic imaging. We designed a low-cost near-infrared (NIR) device to transilluminate the maxillary sinuses. The use of NIR light allows for greater interrogation of deep-tissue structures as compared to visible light. NIR imaging of 21 patients was performed and compared with computed tomography (CT) scans. Individual maxillary sinuses were scored on a scale from 0 to 2 based on their degree of aeration present on CT and similarly based on the NIR signal penetration into the maxilla on NIR images. Our results showed that air-filled and fluid/tissue-filled spaces can be reasonably distinguished by their differing NIR signal penetration patterns, with average NIR imaging scores for fluid-filled maxillary sinuses (0.93+/-0.78, n=29) significantly lower than those for normal maxillary sinuses (1.62+/-0.57, n=13) (p=0.003). NIR imaging of the sinuses is a simple, safe, and cost-effective modality that can potentially aid in the diagnosis of sinusitis. Long-term, significant device refinement and large clinical trials will be needed to determine the diagnostic accuracy of this technique.

  1. CT findings of change of the maxillary sinus after caldwell-luc operation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Im, Ju Hyeon; Kim, Sun Su; Kim, Jong An; Moon, Un Hyeon; Kim, Se Jong; Park, Byung Ran; Kim, Byung Geun [Department of Radiology, Kwangju Christian Hospital, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of); Kang, In Young [Department of Radiology, Kwangju Green Cross Hospital, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of); Ko, Kang Seok [College of Medicine, Chosun University, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-03-01

    This study describes the CT findings of changes in the maxillary sinus after the Caldwell-Luc procedure. The maxillary sinus-related findings in 35 cases among 20 patients (17 cases in 10 males and 18 cases in 10 females) who had undergone the Caldwell-Luc procedure mean 14.6 years earlier were reviewed. CT scans were obtained in the axial and coronal planes, with 5mm thickness. By means of the T test, changes in the size of the bony wall of the maxillary sinus, as well as antral volume change, were compared with normal maxillary sinus group (41 male and 23 female cases). Males and females were compared separately, and surgical bony defect of naso-labial antrotomy and nasoantral window, fibro-osseous proliferation, compartmentation and mucosal thickening of the postoperative maxillary sinus were evaluated, as were findings of chronic or recurrent maxillary sinusitis and postoperative complications. Naso-labial antrotomy was clearly identified in 27 of 35 cases, and irregular bony surface in the remaining eight, as were 27 bony defects and one irregular bony margin among a total of 28 cases of nasoantral window. Due to shortening of the height of the orbit, reductions in maxillary width, nasoantral communication width and anteroposterior diameter of the maxilla, and widening of the width of the inferior meatus, the maxillary sinus tended to become hypoplastic and centripetally contracted. Reduced cavitary volume of the maxillary sinus was noted (p less than 0.05), and fibro-osseous proliferation (n=3D29), compartmentation (n=3D11), and mucosal thickening (n=3D22) of the postoperative maxillary sinus were also seen. There were findings of chronic sinusitis (n=3D22), as well as complications of postoperative mucocele (n=3D3) and oroantral fistula (n=3D2) of the maxillary sinus. The characteristic maxillary sinus-related findings seen after the Caldwell-Luc procedure are helpful in distinguishing postoperative change from recurrent paranasal diseases and resulting complications. (author)

  2. CT findings of change of the maxillary sinus after caldwell-luc operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study describes the CT findings of changes in the maxillary sinus after the Caldwell-Luc procedure. The maxillary sinus-related findings in 35 cases among 20 patients (17 cases in 10 males and 18 cases in 10 females) who had undergone the Caldwell-Luc procedure mean 14.6 years earlier were reviewed. CT scans were obtained in the axial and coronal planes, with 5mm thickness. By means of the T test, changes in the size of the bony wall of the maxillary sinus, as well as antral volume change, were compared with normal maxillary sinus group (41 male and 23 female cases). Males and females were compared separately, and surgical bony defect of naso-labial antrotomy and nasoantral window, fibro-osseous proliferation, compartmentation and mucosal thickening of the postoperative maxillary sinus were evaluated, as were findings of chronic or recurrent maxillary sinusitis and postoperative complications. Naso-labial antrotomy was clearly identified in 27 of 35 cases, and irregular bony surface in the remaining eight, as were 27 bony defects and one irregular bony margin among a total of 28 cases of nasoantral window. Due to shortening of the height of the orbit, reductions in maxillary width, nasoantral communication width and anteroposterior diameter of the maxilla, and widening of the width of the inferior meatus, the maxillary sinus tended to become hypoplastic and centripetally contracted. Reduced cavitary volume of the maxillary sinus was noted (p less than 0.05), and fibro-osseous proliferation (n=3D29), compartmentation (n=3D11), and mucosal thickening (n=3D22) of the postoperative maxillary sinus were also seen. There were findings of chronic sinusitis (n=3D22), as well as complications of postoperative mucocele (n=3D3) and oroantral fistula (n=3D2) of the maxillary sinus. The characteristic maxillary sinus-related findings seen after the Caldwell-Luc procedure are helpful in distinguishing postoperative change from recurrent paranasal diseases and resulting complications. (author)

  3. [Clinical and functional aspects of endonasal operation of the maxillary sinuses].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosemann, W; Wigand, M E; Nikol, J

    1989-06-01

    A total of 118 detailed questionnaires sent out to patients 3-5 years after endoscopic endonasal maxillary sinus surgery were evaluated. Forty-four patients (37.3%) were re-examined endoscopically. The procedure involves no complications, and 87% of the patients judged the endoscopic treatment of chronic maxillary sinusitis to have been successful. Supraturbinal antral windows remained patent, and a higher percentage were functionally intact compared with infraturbinal ones. The mucociliary pathways of the maxillary sinus via the antral window were restored postoperatively. PMID:2745166

  4. Experimental study on penetration of dental implants into the maxillary sinus in different depths

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Weijian, ZHONG; Binke, CHEN; Xin, LIANG; Guowu, MA.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The exposing of dental implant into the maxillary sinus combined with membrane perforation might increase risks of implant failure and sinus complications. Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the dental implant penetration into the maxillary sinus cavity in diffe [...] rent depths on osseointegration and sinus health in a dog model. Material and Methods: Sixteen titanium implants were placed in the bilateral maxillary molar areas of eight adult mongrel dogs, which were randomly divided into four groups according to the different penetrating extents of implants into the sinus cavities (group A: 0 mm; group B: 1 mm; group C: 2 mm; group D: 3 mm). The block biopsies were harvested five months after surgery and evaluated by radiographic observation and histological analysis. Results: No signs of inflammatory reactions were observed in any maxillary sinus of the eight dogs. The tips of the implants with penetrating depth of 1 mm and 2 mm were found to be fully covered with newly formed membrane and partially with new bone. The tips of the implants with penetrating depth over 3 mm were exposed in the sinus cavity and showed no membrane or bone coverage. No significant differences were found among groups regarding implant stability, bone-to-implant contact (BIC) and bone area in the implant threads (BA). Conclusions: Despite the protrusion extents, penetration of dental implant into the maxillary sinus with membrane perforation does not compromise the sinus health and the implant osseointegration in canine.

  5. Multiple Calcifying Odontogenic Cysts Involving the Maxillary Sinus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zargaran

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC is an uncommon odontogenic lesion, classified in two variants: the cystic variant and neoplastic (solid variant. Case Presentation This case report presents multiple COC, which involved the maxillary bone and sinus in a 30-year-old man. Several of these lesions were cystic, while the others were neoplastic in type, and the lesions were removed surgically. Discussion Based on a literature review available on this topic in English, our case study was found to be the first one with multiple COC, showing both the cystic and neoplastic histopathological variant. Considering the high rate of recurrence of neoplastic COC, the patients should benefit from a long follow-up after treatment.

  6. Treatment of dental implant-related maxillary sinusitis with functional endoscopic sinus surgery in combination with an intra-oral approach

    OpenAIRE

    Nam, Ki-Young; Kim, Jong-Bae

    2014-01-01

    The present report describes the case of a patient who underwent maxillary sinusitis right after dental implant installation with sinus lifting. Computed tomography scan revealed a dental implant (#16) was protruded inside the right maxillary sinus and confirmed the obstruction of ostium. A symptom remission was gained with the dual approaches combined by functional endoscopic sinus surgery and an intra-oral approach. Fully recovered function and healing of sinus were identified after 10 mont...

  7. A Computed Tomographic Study on the Size and Bone Wall Thickness of the Maxillary Sinus in Normal, Preoperative and Postoperative Maxillary Sinusitis Patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Sun Young; Koh, Kwang Joon [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology and Institute of Oral Bio Science, School of Dentistry, Chpnbuk National University, Chonju (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Sang Rae [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Kyunghee University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-06-15

    To compare the size and bone wall thickness of the maxillary sinus in normal, preoperative and postoperative maxillary sinusitis patients. The author analyzed CT images of both left and right maxillary sinuses in 357 patients who visited Chonbuk National University Hospital between January 1997 and December 1998. The size and bone wall thickness of the maxillary sinus of normal, inflammatory and post-Caldwell-Luc groups were compared. The significant differences of transverse, maximum medio-lateral, maximum supero-inferior dimensions and medio-lateral dimension at nasal floor level between normal and post-Caldwell-Luc groups were found (P<0.05). And the significant differences of antero-posterior dimensions between inflammatory and post-Caldwell-Luc group were found (P<0.05). But, no significant differences of vertical height dimensions between groups was found (P>0.05). The significant differences of postero-lateral, infero-lateral and medial wall thickness between normal and post-Caldwell-Luc groups were found (P<0.05). The results of this study will aid in the diagnosis and treatment of maxillary sinus diseases and post operative treatment planning.

  8. Sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography in diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis as compared to antral lavage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To compare the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis as compared to antral lavage. Study Design: Validation study Place and duration: Otolaryngology Department Combined Military Hospital Rawalpindi from first March 07 to 28 February 2008. Patients and Methods: Consenting 60 patients diagnosed clinically as a case of sinusitis, presenting in ENT OPD during the study period fitting the inclusion criteria were selected. Ultrasonography of maxillary sinuses focusing on fluid level was done of all the patients. After ultrasonography all the patients had an antral lavage with isotonic saline to look for mucopurulent discharge. Sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography was evaluated in diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis. Results: The sensitivity of ultrasonography in diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis taking antral lavage as Gold Standard was very low 35.89 %. The specificity of ultrasonography in diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis taking antral lavage as Gold Standard is good i.e. 80.95%. Conclusion: Ultrasonography has low sensitivity but high specificity in diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis. (author)

  9. A study of geometrical theory for maxillary sinus projection in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study is to evaluate the individual angulation on maxillary sinus projection and establishing angulation in children by new geometrical method. There were two groups, which are 60 cases in children (ranged from 1yr to 3yrs, 3yrs to 8yrs, 8yrs to 12yrs) and 50 cases in adults. We analyzed the true lateral maxillary sinus film of total 110 patients using new geometrical method. We demonstrated an angle of maxillary sinus projection. Arithmetical it is not valid during development of facial bone in childhood. The individual range of angulation according to age was that 1yr to 3yrs is 50-47 degrees, 3yrs to 8yrs is 47-40 degrees, 8yrs to 12yrs is 40-38 degrees. This geometrical method will be useful in establishing angulation for maxillary sinus projection

  10. A study of geometrical theory for maxillary sinus projection in children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jeon, Heung Kyu; Kwon, Young Ho; Lee, Byung Je [Tongdaemoon Hospital, Ewha Womans Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-02-01

    This study is to evaluate the individual angulation on maxillary sinus projection and establishing angulation in children by new geometrical method. There were two groups, which are 60 cases in children (ranged from 1yr to 3yrs, 3yrs to 8yrs, 8yrs to 12yrs) and 50 cases in adults. We analyzed the true lateral maxillary sinus film of total 110 patients using new geometrical method. We demonstrated an angle of maxillary sinus projection. Arithmetical it is not valid during development of facial bone in childhood. The individual range of angulation according to age was that 1yr to 3yrs is 50-47 degrees, 3yrs to 8yrs is 47-40 degrees, 8yrs to 12yrs is 40-38 degrees. This geometrical method will be useful in establishing angulation for maxillary sinus projection.

  11. Disappearance of a dental implant after migration into the maxillary sinus: an unusual case

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    Migration of dental implants into the maxillary sinus is uncommon. However, poor bone quality and quantity in the posterior maxilla can increase the potential for this complication to arise during implant placement procedures. The aim of this report is to present a dental implant that migrated into the maxillary sinus and disappeared. A 53-year-old male patient was referred to us by his dentist after a dental implant migrated into his maxillary sinus. The displaced implant was discovered on a panoramic radiograph taken five days before his referral. Using computed tomography, we determined that the displaced dental implant was not in the antrum. There was also no sign of oroantral fistula. Because of the small size of the displaced implant, we think that the implant may have left the maxillary sinus via the ostium. PMID:26568932

  12. Acute sinusitis mimicking antrochoanal polyp.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nino-Murcia, M; Rao, V M; Mikaelian, D O; Som, P

    1986-01-01

    Three cases of antral sinusitis that presented in an unusual fashion are reported. In each case, the inflamed, swollen sinus mucosa became redundant and prolapsed into the nasal cavity through a widened sinus ostium, mimicking the findings of an antrochoanal polyp. The cases represent the first report in the radiographic literature of this unusual manifestation of maxillary sinusitis. PMID:3085456

  13. Correlation of fractal dimension with histomorphometry in maxillary sinus lifting using autogenous bone graft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Molon, Rafael Scaf de; Paula, Wagner Nunes de; Spin-Neto, Rubens; Verzola, Mario Henrique Arruda; Tosoni, Guilherme Monteiro; Lia, Raphael Carlos Comelli; Scaf, Gulnara; Jr, Elcio Marcantonio

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the pattern of bone remodeling after maxillary sinus lifting in humans by means of fractal dimension (FD) and histomorphometric analysis. Therefore, the correlation between FD and the histomorphometric findings was evaluated. Sixteen patients with posterior edentulous maxilla were enrolled in this study. Maxillary sinus lifting was performed using autogenous bone grafted from the mandibular retromolar area. Three direct digital panoramic radiographs were ob...

  14. Frequency of Maxillary Sinus Mucous Retention Cysts in a Central Brazilian Population

    OpenAIRE

    Evanice Menezes Marçal Vieira; Sylvania de Morais; Carlo Ralph de Musis; Álvaro Henrique Borges; Vinícius Canavarros Palma; Laiane da Silva Basilio; Orlando Aguirre Guedes

    2015-01-01

    Statement of the Problem: Mucous retention cysts (MRCs) of the maxillary sinus are lesions with undefined pathogenesis. In recent researches, geographical and climatic aspects have been related as risk factors. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of MRCs of the maxillary sinus using panoramic radiographs. Materials and Method: A total of 631 panoramic radiographs were selected from a secondary database from a private radiology clinic and analyzed by two sp...

  15. Evaluation of the posterior superior alveolar artery and the maxillary sinus with CBCT

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Dilhan, Ilguy; Mehmet, Ilguy; Semanur, Dolekoglu; Erdogan, Fisekcioglu.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Assessment of the maxillary sinus anatomy before sinus augmentation is important for avoiding surgical complications, because of the close anatomical relationship between the posterior maxillary teeth and the maxillary sinus. The posterior superior alveolar artery (PSAA) is the branch of the maxilla [...] ry artery that supplies the lateral sinus wall and overlying membrane. We evaluated the location of the PSAA and its relationship to the alveolar ridge and maxillary sinus using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). The study group consisted of 135 CBCT scans (270 sinuses) obtained from the archive of the dentomaxillofacial radiology department at Yeditepe University Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul, Turkey. The distance between the lower border of the artery and the alveolar crest, bone height from the sinus floor to the ridge crest, distance from the artery to the medial sinus wall, and the diameter and location of the artery were determined. The occurrence of septa and pathology were recorded from CBCT scans. The PSAA was observed in 89.3% of sinuses, and 71.1% of arteries were intraosseous with diameters mostly

  16. Progressive immediate loading of a perforated maxillary sinus dental implant: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al-Juboori MJ

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Mohammed Jasim Al-Juboori Department of Oral Surgery, MAHSA University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Abstract: The displacement of a dental implant into the maxillary sinus may lead to implant failure due to exposure of the apical third or the tip of the implant beyond the bone, resulting in soft tissue growth. This case report discusses dental implant placement in the upper first molar area with maxillary sinus involvement of approximately 2 mm. A new technique for progressive implant loading was used, involving immediately loaded implants with maxillary sinus perforation and low primary stability. Follow-up was performed with resonance frequency analysis and compared with an implant placed adjacent in the upper second premolar area using a conventional delayed loading protocol. Implants with maxillary sinus involvement showed increasing stability during the healing period. We found that progressive implant loading may be a safe technique for the placement of immediately loaded implants with maxillary sinus involvement. Keywords: progressive implant loading, resonance frequency analysis, implant stability, provisional crown, bone density, maxillary sinus

  17. Does hyrax expansion therapy affect maxillary sinus volume? A cone-beam computed tomography report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was to investigate the initial effects of maxillary expansion therapy with Hyrax appliance and to evaluate the related changes in maxillary sinus volume. Thirty patients (20 females, 10 males; 13.8 years) requiring maxillary expansion therapy, as part of their comprehensive orthodontic treatment, were examined. Each patient had cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images taken before (T1) and after (T2) maxillary expansion therapy with a banded Hyrax appliance. Multiplanar slices were used to measure linear dimensions and palatal vault angle. Volumetric analysis was used to measure maxillary sinus volumes. Student t tests were used to compare the pre- and post-treatment measurements. Additionally, differences between two age groups were compared with Mann-Whitney U test. The level of significance was set at p=0.05. Comparison of pre-treatment to post-treatment variables revealed significant changes in the transverse dimension related to both maxillary skeletal and dental structures and palatal vault angle, resulting in a widened palatal vault (p<0.05). Hard palate showed no significant movement in the vertical and anteroposterior planes. Nasal cavity width increased on a mean value of 0.93 mm(SD=0.23, p<0.05). Maxillary sinus volume remained virtually stable. No significant age differences were observed in the sample. Hyrax expansion therapy did not have a significant impact on maxillary sinus volume.

  18. Does hyrax expansion therapy affect maxillary sinus volume? A cone-beam computed tomography report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Darsey, Drew M.; English, Jeryl D.; Ellis, Randy K.; Akyalcin, Sercan [School of Dentistry, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston (United States); Kau, Chung H [School of Dentistry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham (United States)

    2012-06-15

    The aim of this study was to investigate the initial effects of maxillary expansion therapy with Hyrax appliance and to evaluate the related changes in maxillary sinus volume. Thirty patients (20 females, 10 males; 13.8 years) requiring maxillary expansion therapy, as part of their comprehensive orthodontic treatment, were examined. Each patient had cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images taken before (T1) and after (T2) maxillary expansion therapy with a banded Hyrax appliance. Multiplanar slices were used to measure linear dimensions and palatal vault angle. Volumetric analysis was used to measure maxillary sinus volumes. Student t tests were used to compare the pre- and post-treatment measurements. Additionally, differences between two age groups were compared with Mann-Whitney U test. The level of significance was set at p=0.05. Comparison of pre-treatment to post-treatment variables revealed significant changes in the transverse dimension related to both maxillary skeletal and dental structures and palatal vault angle, resulting in a widened palatal vault (p<0.05). Hard palate showed no significant movement in the vertical and anteroposterior planes. Nasal cavity width increased on a mean value of 0.93 mm(SD=0.23, p<0.05). Maxillary sinus volume remained virtually stable. No significant age differences were observed in the sample. Hyrax expansion therapy did not have a significant impact on maxillary sinus volume.

  19. Aspergillosis of the maxillary sinus. A clinical analysis of 24 cases. Comparision with 30 cases of non-fungal maxillary sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The clinical and radiographic findings of 24 patients with aspergillosis of the maxillary sinus treated from 1989 through 2004 were compared with those of 30 patients with non-fungal maxillary sinusitis to clarify factors related to differential diagnosis. The subjects with aspergillosis were 9 men and 15 women aged 26 to 78 years (mean, 52 years). The patients with non-fungal sinusitis were 25 men and 5 women aged 23 to 73 years (mean, 46 years). The most common clinical finding at presentation was cheek pain, followed by nasal symptoms in the aspergillosis group. Nasal symptoms were more common in the non-fungal group than in the aspergillosis group. Thus, pain was more often associated with aspergillosis. Radiographically, diffuse radiopacity was observed in the maxillary sinus of all patients in both groups. In addition, dense antral radiopacities indicative of calcification were seen in a patient with aspergillosis. On X-ray-CT scans, bone thickening of antral walls (23 cases), sand-like high density areas (20 cases), extension of soft tissue masses to the nasal cavity (17 cases), foamy low density areas (13 cases), and bone destruction (6 cases) were seen in the aspergillosis group. These findings were rarely seen in the non-fungal group. All patients in both groups were treated by radical surgery of the maxillary sinus. The postoperative course was uncomplicated, and there was no recurrence as of 1 year postoperatively. In conclusion, the presence of pain, bone thickening of antral walls, sand-like high density areas, extension of soft tissue masses to the nasal cavity, foamy low density areas, and bone destruction on X-ray-CT scans were valuable for diagnosing aspergillosis of the maxillary sinus. (author)

  20. Etiology and clinical characteristics of symptomatic unilateral maxillary sinusitis: A review of 174 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Troeltzsch, Matthias; Pache, Christoph; Troeltzsch, Markus; Kaeppler, Gabriele; Ehrenfeld, Michael; Otto, Sven; Probst, Florian

    2015-10-01

    The purpose of the study was to analyze the causative pathology associated with symptomatic unilateral maxillary sinusitis requiring surgical treatment. A retrospective review of all patients that have been treated surgically for unilateral symptomatic maxillary sinusitis between 2006 and 2013 at a single institution was performed. Demographic, anamnesis, clinical, radiological, microbiological and histological data were gathered and analyzed. The patients were allocated into groups depending on the underlying cause of the disease. Descriptive and inferential statistics were computed (level of significance: p ? 0.05). The study sample was composed of 174 patients (72 female; 102 male) with a mean age of 52.7 years (SD 16.9). Most cases (130; 75%) were triggered by odontogenic pathology following dentoalveolar surgical interventions (83/130 patients; 64%). Other etiological factors for odontogenic unilateral sinusitis were periapical (23/130 cases; 18%) and periodontal pathology (13/130 cases; 10%). Rhinogenic factors for sinusitis were detected in 13 patients (7.5%) and dental implant-associated unilateral maxillary sinusitis was diagnosed in nine patients (5.2%). Four patients (2.3%) had undergone previous sinus augmentation surgery. A leading cause for the sinus infection could not be identified in 18 patients (10%) who all had a history of midfacial surgery. Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (8) and squamous cell carcinoma (2) were incidental findings. There were no differences in the clinical appearance of the disease with respect to its etiology. Odontogenic causes for maxillary sinusitis must be considered especially in unilateral cases. Maxillary dental implants may induce symptomatic unilateral maxillary sinusitis. PMID:26319958

  1. A case report of incidental finding of fungus ball on CBCT of maxillary sinus in treatment planning of dental implant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report was to show the radiographic appearances of the fungus ball in a paranasal sinus and to emphasize the scan area of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to detect the calcification in the paranasal sinus. A seventy four-year-old woman visited our department for the implant rehabilitation at both maxillary posterior edentulous region. Pre-operative radiographic examinations including the panoramic, CBCT, and multidector CT images were taken. An opacification in the right maxillary sinus was observed on the multiplanar image of CBCT, however the pre-determined scan area of CBCT in this report hardly showed the calcifications at the central portion of the maxillary sinus. The opacification in the maxillary sinus could be misdiagnosed as chronic maxillary sinusitis if the calcification of fungus ball was not simultaneously detected. The scan area of pre-operative CBCT needs to be enough to scan the paranasal sinus from top to bottom.

  2. A case report of incidental finding of fungus ball on CBCT of maxillary sinus in treatment planning of dental implant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Byung Do [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Iksan (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-06-15

    This report was to show the radiographic appearances of the fungus ball in a paranasal sinus and to emphasize the scan area of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to detect the calcification in the paranasal sinus. A seventy four-year-old woman visited our department for the implant rehabilitation at both maxillary posterior edentulous region. Pre-operative radiographic examinations including the panoramic, CBCT, and multidector CT images were taken. An opacification in the right maxillary sinus was observed on the multiplanar image of CBCT, however the pre-determined scan area of CBCT in this report hardly showed the calcifications at the central portion of the maxillary sinus. The opacification in the maxillary sinus could be misdiagnosed as chronic maxillary sinusitis if the calcification of fungus ball was not simultaneously detected. The scan area of pre-operative CBCT needs to be enough to scan the paranasal sinus from top to bottom.

  3. Hemangioma of the Maxillary Sinus Presenting as a Mass: CT and MR Features

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hemangiomas of the sinonasal tract are rare, and because these lesions lack the typical signs or symptoms, they can be confused with other malignant conditions. We report a case of cavernous hemangioma of the maxillary sinus in a 68-year-old man that was completely resected by endoscopic sinus surgery. Although computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed several enhancing areas within the tumor, the substantial bone erosion and remodeling made it difficult to differentiate this cavernous hemangioma from other expansile maxillary sinus lesions. We present the CT and MR findings of this lesion and discuss the differential diagnoses and potential therapeutic approaches

  4. Evaluation of linear tomography accuracy in localization of nasal fossa and maxillary sinus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talaeipour AR.

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Accurate measurement of bone height and width is essential prior to dental implant placement. The method of surgery as well as, the type and size of implants are determined according to dimensions of the residual bone. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of linear tomography in localization of the floor of nasal fossa and maxillary sinus, and to determine the width of maxillary bone at the designated site for implant placement.Materials and Methods: In this test evaluation study, the vertical distances between the alveolar crest and the floor of nasal fossa and the floor of maxillary sinus was measured by the tomographic slices in 12 sites of three dry human skulls. In addition, the width of maxillary bone was measured at the same slices. The skulls were then sectioned through the marked places. Then the radiographic values were compared with the real values of bone sections.Results: After correction of tomographic values by the magnification factor of the unit, the mean absolute measurement error for vertical values at nasal fossa and maxillary sinus area in tomographic slices were 0.28 mm (SD= 0.24 and 1.1 mm (SD= 0.68 respectively. The mean absolute measurement error for maxillary width at the nasal fossa and maxillary sinus area were 0.65 mm (SD= 0.50 and 0.55 mm (SD= 0.45 respectively. 100 % of vertical values at nasal fossa area and 50 % of vertical values at maxillary sinus area were within ± 1 mm error limit. In addition, 50 % of width measurements at nasal fossa area and 83.3 % at maxillary sinus area were within ± 1 mm error limit.Conclusion: The linear tomography is more accurate in height estimation at nasal fossa area and in width estimation at maxillary sinus area. The accuracy of linear tomography in height and width estimation is within acceptable limits at both nasal fossa and maxillary sinus area.

  5. Comparison of panoramic radiography and cone beam computed tomography for assessing the relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and maxillary molars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study compared panoramic radiography and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) for evaluating the relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the roots of maxillary molars. Paired panoramic radiographs and CBCT images from 97 subjects were analysed. This analysis classified 388 maxillary molars according to their relationship to the maxillary sinus floor on panoramic radiograph and CBCT. Correlations between these two radiographic techniques were examined. Maxillary molar roots that were separate from the sinus floor showed the same classification in 100% of the cases when using these two imaging techniques. The corresponding percentage for such roots that were in contact with the sinus floor was 75%. When roots overlapped the maxillary sinus floor on panoramic radiographs, only 26.4% of maxillary first molars and 60.0% of second molars showed protrusion of roots into the sinus with CBCT. The results of the study suggest that roots projecting into the sinus on panoramic radiographs require a three-dimensional image in order to analyze the proximity of their apex to the sinus floor.

  6. Virtual planning and construction of prototyped surgical guide in implant surgery with maxillary sinus bone graft

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Renato Jahjah Cunha, Martins; Henrique Manoel, Lederman.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of associating techniques of bone grafting in the maxillary sinus with the use of a prototyped surgical guide for planning and positioning dental implants in total edentulous maxillae, rehabilitated after six months. METHODS: Eight patients consecutives with totally [...] edentulous maxilla presenting few remaining bone in the posterior alveolar ridge, associated with pneumatization of the maxillary sinus were selected. Twenty eight Brånemark RP 10mm implants were installed in 14 maxillary sinuses. The surgical planning for the implant installation was performed with the DentalSlice software by means of a computerized tomography. The obtained images were used for building a surgical guide that, placed over the maxilla, showed the exact position for the implants installation (prototyped surgical guide). The portion of the implants that went into the maxillary sinus was covered by an autogenous bone graft. RESULTS: The patients were re-evaluated six months after the surgery and a 100% success rate was achieved. All of the implants presented no mobility or symptoms, permitting an oral rehabilitation with total fixed screw-retained prosthesis over the implants. CONCLUSION: The technique of associating implants and bone graft in the maxillary sinus aided by a prototyped guide planned on DentalSlice has showed itself efficient for positioning implants and for quantifying and locating the bone graft.

  7. Absceso cerebral como complicación de sinusitis maxilar / Brain abscess as a complication of maxillary sinusitis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Karen Vanessa, Alvayero Mejía; Carlos, Marques de Carvalho; Aixa, Martínez Romero; María del Carmen, Luis Álvarez; Odette, Pantoja Pereda; Dayamí, Benítez Rodríguez.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available El absceso cerebral es una infección infrecuente en el niño, pero puede ser muy grave con riesgo para la vida aun con los avances diagnósticos y terapéuticos disponibles. Su presentación clínica varía en dependencia de la localización, y el diagnóstico requiere un alto índice de presunción, ya que p [...] uede presentarse como complicación de procesos infecciosos frecuentes en la infancia. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 5 años de edad, con un absceso cerebral frontal, secundario a sinusitis maxilar. Se describen las manifestaciones clínicas, resultados de exámenes complementarios y tratamiento. Abstract in english Brain abscess is an uncommon infection in the child, but it may represent a very serious life-threatening risk even if many diagnostic and therapeutic advances are available. Its clinical presentation depends on location and the diagnosis requires a lot of presumption since it may also appear as a c [...] omplication of frequent infectious processes in the childhood. This is the case of 5 years-old girl suffering frontal brain abscess secondary to maxillary sinusitis. The clinical manifestations, the results of supplementary tests and of the treatment were described.

  8. Displasia fibrosa de seno maxilar / Fibrous Dysplasia of Maxillary Sinus

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Cecilia, Parladé Formell; Yamily, González Cardona; Portelles Massó, Ayelén M; Julio O, Fuentes de la Rosa; Mirian, Vivar Bauzá.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available La displasia fibrosa fue descrita por Lichtenstein en 1938, es una enfermedad caracterizada por el reemplazo progresivo de tejido óseo normal por una proliferación de tejido conectivo fibroso, por su forma de presentación se clasifica en monostótica o poliostótica. La forma monostótica, localizada e [...] n la región craneofacial constituye solo el 10 % de los casos, se presenta con mayor frecuencia en el maxilar superior y puede afectar a huesos adyacentes como el cigomático, esfenoides y occipital. La degeneración sarcomatosa puede ocurrir en un 0,5 %. Se presenta el caso de una paciente femenina, de 37 años de edad, operada ocho años antes de displasia fibrosa en el Servicio de Cirugía Máxilofacial del Hospital Vladimir I. Lenin, que luego de su embarazo y parto presenta un aumento de volumen en área malar y maxilar izquierdos, a la que se le realiza biopsia que da como resultado una recidiva. Se le realiza cirugía remodelativa de pared anterior de seno maxilar, a través de una incisión de Weber-Ferguson, con buenos resultados estéticos y funcionales. Abstract in english Fibrous dysplasia was described by Lichtenstein in 1938, is a progressive disease characterized by replacement of normal bone tissue by proliferation of fibrous connective tissue, its presentation is classified in monostotic or polyostotic. The monostotic form, located in the craniofacial region con [...] stitutes only 10 % of cases, it occurs most frequently in the maxilla and adjacent bones can affect as the zygomatic, sphenoid and occipital. The sarcomatous degeneration can occur in 0.5 %. A 37-year-old female patient, who underwent fibrous dysplasia surgery eight years ago at Maxillofacial Surgery Department of Vladimir I. Lenin Hospital, which after the pregnancy and delivery presented a volume increase in malar and left area is presented in this paper, biopsy is performed whose results showed a recurrence. Remodeling surgery was performed of anterior wall of the maxillary sinus through a Weber-Ferguson incision with good cosmetic and functional results.

  9. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour of the maxillary sinus: CT and MRI findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: To characterize the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours (IMTs) of the maxillary sinus. Materials and methods: The imaging findings of eight patients with IMTs of the maxillary sinus were reviewed retrospectively. Of the eight patients, four patients underwent unenhanced and contrast-enhanced CT, and one patient underwent unenhanced CT only; three patients underwent unenhanced and contrast-enhanced MRI. Results: Five cases of IMTs occurred in the left maxillary sinus, while three cases were right-sided. Four cases occupied the entire sinus, and the other four cases only partially occupied the sinus. Unenhanced CT images showed heterogeneous masses in four cases and a homogeneous mass in one case. One of the tumours showed some areas of calcification. T1-weighted MRI images showed isointense lesions. T2-weighted images showed mixed isointense and mild hyperintense lesions. All cases showed bone destruction and had infiltrated into the nasal fossa, orbit, infratemporal fossa, and other adjacent tissues. Seven cases showed mild to moderate heterogeneous enhancement on contrast-enhanced CT or T1-weighted MRI images. Conclusion: IMTs of the maxillary sinus can be characterized as a soft-tissue mass with bony destruction and infiltration of the adjacent tissues, with mild to moderate enhancement after the injection of contrast medium. CT and MRI can help to diagnose IMTs, determine the extent of the lesion and its relationship with adjacent tissues, and thus facilitate the prediction of surgical resectability.

  10. A rare cause of nasolacrimal duct obstruction: Dentigerous cyst in the maxillary sinus

    OpenAIRE

    Ray Biswarup; Bandyopadhyay Saumendra; Das Debabrata; Adhikary Bivas

    2009-01-01

    The most common abnormality of the lacrimal drainage system is congenital or acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction. The causes of acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction may be primary or secondary. The secondary acquired obstructions may result from infection, inflammation, neoplasm, trauma or mechanical causes. The maxillary sinus cysts usually obstruct the nasolacrimal duct mechanically. Dentigerous cysts are one of the main types of maxillary cysts. These cysts are benign odontogenic cyst...

  11. Long-term Survivors of Adult Rhabdomyosarcoma of Maxillary Sinus Following Multimodal Therapy: Case Reports and Literature Reviews

    OpenAIRE

    Tsung-Han Wu; Jen-Seng Huang; Hung-Ming Wang; Cheng-Hsu Wang; Kun-Yun Yeh

    2010-01-01

    Rhabdomyosarcoma of the maxillary sinus is uncommon in adults. The clinical courseand appropriate treatment strategy for the disease remains to be elucidated. This articledescribes two adult patients with rhabdomyosarcoma of the maxillary sinus who achievedlong-term survival after undergoing multimodal therapy. We also reviewed the literatureregarding 23 patients who were 15 years of age or older and had rhabdomyosarcoma of themaxillary sinus and were treated between 1950 and 2000. Results of...

  12. Spiral Computed Tomography Based Maxillary Sinus Imaging in Relation to Tooth Loss, Implant Placement and Potential Grafting Procedure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reinhilde Jacobs

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to explore the maxillary sinus anatomy, its variations and volume in patients with a need for maxillary implant placement.Materials and Methods: Maxillary sinus data of 101 consecutive patients who underwent spiral computed tomography (CT scans for preoperative implant planning in the maxilla at the Department of Periodontology, University Hospital, Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium were retrospectively evaluated. The alveolar bone height was measured on serial cross-sectional images between alveolar crest and sinus floor, parallel to the tooth axis. In order to describe the size of the maxillary sinus anteroposterior (AP and mediolateral (ML diameters of the sinus were measured.Results: The results indicated that the alveolar bone height was significantly higher in the premolar regions in comparison to the molar region (n = 46, P 4 mm mucosal thickening mostly at the level of the sinus floor. The present sample did not allow revealing any significant difference (P > 0.05 in maxillary sinus dimensions for partially dentate and edentulous subjects.Conclusions: Cross-sectional imaging can be used in order to obtain more accurate information on the morphology, variation, and the amount of maxillary bone adjacent to the maxillary sinus.

  13. Decellularized Human Maxillary Sinus Schneiderian Membrane as a Potential Scaffold for Tissue Engineering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeedeh KhajehAhmadi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Biological matrix has received special attention in recent medical and biological researches. Cells of tissue are supported by extracellular matrix (ECM. Extracellular matrix is used as a scaffold for morphogenesis, proliferation, migration, and differentiation in tissue engineering. Extracellular matrix of natural tissues can be used as a scaffold for reconstructing biological tissues in tissue engineering. Human maxillary sinus membrane consists of cells and ECM which contain collagen, elastin, and proteoglycans. Collagen can be used as a natural scaffold via high level of biocompatibility. Materials & Methods: In this study, Human maxillary sinus membrane were decellularized by two techniques , physical method (liquid nitrogen and chemical procedures via increment concentration of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS in three groups. The samples were fixed with Bouin's fixator, and then were stained with Hematoxylin & Eosin. decellularised Human maxillary sinus membrane was evaluated with scanning electrone microscope.Results: Histological evaluation of decellularized scaffolds revealed that cells of the schneiderian membrane tissues were completely removed via concentration of 1% of SDS. Scanning Electrone Microscope (SEM (Leo-VP1450, Germany of the scaffolds indicated that collagen fibers of connective tissue remained intact. In 0.5 and 0.1% concentrations of SDS, few cells were observed at peripheral of ECM, so decellularization process was not complete. Conclusion: According to the results, scaffolds prepared from Human Maxillary Sinus Membrane could be used as a suitable scaffold for In vitro investigation and reconstruction and tissue engineering.

  14. SOME FEATURES OF PHAGOCYTIC CELL FUNCTIONS IN THE PATIENTS WITH MAXILLARY SINUSITIS SUFFERING FROM DIABETES MELLITUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. N. Popov

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. The study concerns phagocytic activity of neutrophilic granulocytes investigated in diabetic patients with insular diabetes, accompanied by maxillary sinusitis. The patients exhibited suppressed phagocytic abilities of neutrophilic granulocytes and monocytes, disturbed killing of captured bacteria, suppression of oxidase microbicidal system, and disorders of receptor system.

  15. Unicystic ameloblastoma of the maxillary sinus: Pitfalls of diagnosis and management

    OpenAIRE

    Pitak-Arnnop, P; Chaine, A; Dhanuthai, K.; Bertrand, J. C.; Bertolus, C.

    2010-01-01

    Background: Ameloblastoma is a common odontogenic tumor of the jaws that comprises 3 variants: conventional (solid), unicystic and peripheral ameloblastomas. Unicystic ameloblastoma (UA) in the maxillary sinus is very rare. With a secondary infection, the clinical features may lead to incorrect diagnosis and treatment.

  16. Alveolar Ridge and Maxillary Sinus Augmentation Using rhBMP-2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Freitas, Rubens Moreno; Spin-Neto, Rubens; Junior, Elcio Marcantonio; Pereira, Luís Antônio Violin Dias; Wikesjö, Ulf Me; Susin, Cristiano

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate clinical and safety data for recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in an absorbable collagen sponge (ACS) carrier when used for alveolar ridge/maxillary sinus augmentation in humans.

  17. Alveolar Ridge and Maxillary Sinus Augmentation Using rhBMP-2 : A Systematic Review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Freitas, Rubens Moreno; Spin-Neto, Rubens

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate clinical and safety data for recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in an absorbable collagen sponge (ACS) carrier when used for alveolar ridge/maxillary sinus augmentation in humans.

  18. Brown tumor mimicking maxillary sinus mucocele as the first manifestation of primary hyperparathyroidism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guldfred, Liviu-Adelin; Daugaard, Søren; von Buchwald, Christian

    2012-01-01

    We describe the first case of brown tumor mimicking a maxillary sinus mucocele as the first manifestation of the patient's primary hyperparathyroidism. A 34-year old woman presented with a 14 days history of elevation of the right orbit, retrobulbar pain and cheek anesthesia. The CT and MR evalua...

  19. Maxillary sinusitis as a differential diagnosis in temporomandibular joint pain-dysfunction syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rihani, A

    1985-01-01

    Maxillary sinusitis may be diagnosed incorrectly as TMJ pain-dysfunction syndrome because of a similarity of signs and symptoms. Both conditions can manifest with headache, facial pain radiating to the ear and the maxillary teeth, preauricular pain, and pain in the buccal vestibule posterior and superior to the maxillary tuberosity. It can be concluded that (1) more consideration should be given to sinus disturbances as a differential diagnosis in TMJ pain-dysfunction syndrome, (2) it may be preferable to refer some patients with TMJ pain to a medical center where specialists in dentistry, otolaryngology, neurology, rheumatology, and psychiatry can evaluate the patient, and (3) TMJ pain-dysfunction syndrome should be evaluated and treated by a dentist experienced in management of this disorder. PMID:3856028

  20. Usefulness of Panoramic Radiography in the Detection of Maxillary Sinus Pathosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    to evaluate the usefulness of the panoramic radiography, generally used in dental clinic, for the detection of the maxillary sinus pathosis due to the inflammation and tumor, through the comparison with CT findings as the absolute standard. 150 maxillary sinuses of 75 patients with or without particular signs and symptoms and showing soft tissue lesions or destruction of maxillary sinus walls in at least one sinus in CT, were selected as subject samples, and the panoramic radiography of the same patients were interpretated by 3 dental radiologists and 3 non dental radiologist given no previous information. Using the CT findings as the absolute standard, the diagnostic ability of panoraimc radiography in the mucosal thickening, maxillary sinus haziness, inferior wall destruction, medial wall destruction, posterolateral wall destruction and the superior wall destruction was evaluated using the ROC curve and the difference between dental radiologist group and non dental radiologist group was also evaluated. 1. When dental radiologist group interpretated the destruction of inferior wall and posterolateral wall, the kappa value which shows interobserver's coincidence was above 0.75.2. The diagnostic ability according to site of interpretation was the highest when the inferior wall was interpretated in both observer groups and there was a statistically significant difference between the dental radiologist group and non dental radiologist group in interpretating the mucosal thickening, haziness, destruction of the inferior and medial wall (p<0.05).3. The diagnostic ability in detecting the destruction of the sinus walls was better than in soft tissue lesions in both groups and between the groups there was a statistically significant difference (p<0.05). When detecting the destruction of inferior and posterolateral wall of the maxillary sinus there was coincident with that of CT findings, and so it is considered that diagnostic ability of panoramic radiography is high in this point. But in interpretating the destruction of medial wall and soft tissue lesions, diagnostic ability of the panoramic radiography was relatively low and there was a significant difference between the dental radiologist group and non dental radiologist group. Therefore CT or other auxiliary diagnostic method will be necessary when evaluating thorough pathosis of maxillary sinus objectively.

  1. Clinical study on the observation of unilateral shadows in the maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the everyday examination of patients exhibiting a unilateral shadow in the maxillary sinus upon imaging, the differentiation of chronic sinusitis from other diseases, including malignant tumors, is extremely important. A unilateral shadow in the maxillary sinus was detected on scout films and a subsequent CT examination of the sinus was performed in 108 patients who visited our department between January 1994 and December 1998. Bone destruction was suspected after scout films were taken in 2 patients with malignant tumors. These 2 patients account for only a small percentage of the total patient population, but account for as much as 50% of the patients with malignant tumors. In cases of malignant tumors, the CT images suggesting bone destruction agreed with operative findings. CT seems to be a useful tool for evaluating the condition of the bone. When the density of scout films and CT images were compared, no significant difference was detected, suggesting that scout films can be used for the screening of malignant tumors. The density was (+++) in both the scout films and the CT images of the 2 patients with malignant tumors. Finally, we present a flow chart for the diagnosis of unilateral maxillary sinus shadows that has been recently adopted as the basic protocol used in our department. (author)

  2. Clinical study on the observation of unilateral shadows in the maxillary sinus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hattori, Hirokazu; Sawada, Tatsuya; Hayano, Yoshiaki; Suzuki, Kenji; Yagisawa, Mikio; Nishimura, Tadao [Fujita Health Univ., Nagoya (Japan). Second Affiliated Hospital

    2000-12-01

    In the everyday examination of patients exhibiting a unilateral shadow in the maxillary sinus upon imaging, the differentiation of chronic sinusitis from other diseases, including malignant tumors, is extremely important. A unilateral shadow in the maxillary sinus was detected on scout films and a subsequent CT examination of the sinus was performed in 108 patients who visited our department between January 1994 and December 1998. Bone destruction was suspected after scout films were taken in 2 patients with malignant tumors. These 2 patients account for only a small percentage of the total patient population, but account for as much as 50% of the patients with malignant tumors. In cases of malignant tumors, the CT images suggesting bone destruction agreed with operative findings. CT seems to be a useful tool for evaluating the condition of the bone. When the density of scout films and CT images were compared, no significant difference was detected, suggesting that scout films can be used for the screening of malignant tumors. The density was (+++) in both the scout films and the CT images of the 2 patients with malignant tumors. Finally, we present a flow chart for the diagnosis of unilateral maxillary sinus shadows that has been recently adopted as the basic protocol used in our department. (author)

  3. Near-infrared imaging for management of chronic maxillary sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    You, Joon S.; Cerussi, Albert E.; Kim, James; Ison, Sean; Wong, Brian; Cui, Haotian; Bhandarkar, Naveen

    2015-03-01

    Efficient management of chronic sinusitis remains a great challenge for primary care physicians. Unlike ENT specialists using Computed Tomography scans, they lack an affordable and safe method to accurately screen and monitor sinus diseases in primary care settings. Lack of evidence-based sinusitis management leads to frequent under-treatments and unnecessary over-treatments (i.e. antibiotics). Previously, we reported low-cost optical imaging designs for oral illumination and facial optical imaging setup. It exploits the sensitivity of NIR transmission intensity and their unique patterns to the sinus structures and presence of fluid/mucous-buildup within the sinus cavities. Using the improved NIR system, we have obtained NIR sinus images of 45 subjects with varying degrees of sinusitis symptoms. We made diagnoses of these patients based on two types of evidence: symptoms alone or NIR images along. These diagnostic results were then compared to the gold standard diagnosis using computed tomography through sensitivity and specificity analysis. Our results indicate that diagnosis of mere presence of sinusitis that is, distinguishing between healthy individuals vs. diseased individuals did not improve much when using NIR imaging compared to the diagnosis based on symptoms alone (69% in sensitivity, 75% specificity). However, use of NIR imaging improved the differential diagnosis between mild and severe diseases significantly as the sensitivity improved from 75% for using diagnosis based on symptoms alone up to 95% for using diagnosis based on NIR images. Reported results demonstrate great promise for using NIR imaging system for management of chronic sinusitis patients in primary care settings without resorting to CT.

  4. Association Between the Lateral Wall Thickness of the Maxillary Sinus and the Dental Status: Cone Beam Computed Tomography Evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Assessment of the lateral wall thickness of the maxillary sinus is very important in decision making for many surgical interventions. The association between the thickness of the lateral wall of the maxillary sinus and the dental status is not well identified. To compare the thickness of the lateral wall of the maxillary sinus in individuals with and without teeth to determine if extraction of the teeth can lead to a significant reduction in the thickness of the maxillary sinus lateral wall or not. In a retrospective study on fifty patients with an edentulous space, the thickness of the lateral wall of the maxillary sinus,one centimeter above the sinus floor in the second premolar (P2), first molar (M1) and second molar (M2) areas was determined by cone beam computed tomography scans(CBCTs) and a digital ruler in Romexis F software (Planmeca Romexis 2.4.2.R) and it was compared with values measured in fifty dentated individuals. Three way analysis of variance was applied for comparison after confirmation of the normal distribution of data. The mean of the wall thickness in each of these points was lower in patients with edentulous spaces; however it was not significant. There was no association between gender and the thickness of the lateral wall of the maxillary sinus, but location was associated with different thicknesses. The differences in the thickness based on the location and dental status necessitates assessment of the wall thickness of the maxillary sinus in addition to the current evaluation of bone thickness between the sinus floor and the edentulous crest before maxillary sinus surgery

  5. The incidence and morphology of maxillary sinus septa in dentate and edentulous maxillae: a cadaveric study with a brief review of the literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wabale, Rajendra Namdeo; Siddiqui, Abu Ubaida; Farooqui, Mujjebuddeen Samsudeen

    2015-01-01

    Objectives The aim of this study is to determine the incidence, location, and orientation of maxillary sinus septa in formalin embalmed cadavers. Materials and Methods The study was conducted on 210 cadaveric heads available in our department. After taking the mid-sagittal section the specimens were opened from the medial aspect and the sinus cavity was explored for the presence of maxillary sinus septa, their anatomical plane, location and dimensions. Results The mean linear distance between maxillary sinus floor and its anatomical ostium was 26.76±5.21 mm and 26.91±4.96 mm on right and left side, respectively. A total of 59 maxillary sinus septa (28.1%) were observed in 210 maxillary specimens. Septae were most common, 33 septa (55.9%), in the middle region (between first and second molar tooth) of the sinus cavity. The maxillary sinus membrane (Schneiderian membrane) adhered tightly to the maxillary sinus and over the septae. Significantly more maxillary sinus septa were observed in edentulous maxillae in comparison to the dentate upper jaw. Conclusion Knowledge of location of maxillary sinus ostium is mandatory for the rhinologist for drainage of secretions in maxillary sinusitis. The morphological details of maxillary sinus septa, particularly their location and anatomical planes, will guide dentists in performance of safe implant surgeries. The maxillary antrum septa of category I and II may complicate the procedure of inversion of bone plate and elevation of sinus membrane during maxillary augmentation surgeries. The category III septa observed in the sagittal plane were embedded by one of the branches of the infraorbital nerve in it, and if accidentally cut will lead to infraorbital nerve palsy in maxillary sinus surgeries. PMID:25741466

  6. Endoscopic sinus surgery in individuals with facial pain due to chronic maxillary sinusitis ? a functional controlled study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Sanges

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To measure the intra-sinus pressure and the maxillary sinus functional efficiency (MSFE in individuals with chronic facial pain after conservative or conventional endoscopic maxillary surgery, as well as in controls. Method: Sinus manometry was performed 5 times during inhalation. Results: The resemblance of pressure values comparing those treated with minimally invasive surgery and controls was remarkable, while traditional surgery significantly decreased intrasinusal pressures. The MSFE was 100% in the three tested times for controls, close to that in those submitted to minimally invasive surgery (98.3%, 98.8%, and 98.0% and significantly impaired after conventional surgery (48.8%, 52.1%, 48.5 %, p<0.01. All patients submitted to minimally invasive surgery remained pain-free after three months of surgery, relative to 46.7% of the submitted to conventional surgery (p<0.05. Conclusion: Minimally invasive sinus surgery is associated with functionality of the chambers that resemble what is found in normal individuals.

  7. Maxillary sinusitis caused by Lasiodiplodia theobromae

    OpenAIRE

    Kindo A; Pramod C; Anita S; Mohanty S

    2010-01-01

    Lasiodiplodia (monotypic) comprises a very small proportion of the fungal biota. It is a common plant pathogen in tropical and subtropical regions. Clinical reports on its association with onychomycosis, corneal ulcer and phaeohyphomycosis are available. However, Lasiodiplodia theobromae causing fungal sinusitis has not been reported. We present here a case of fungal sinusitis in a 30-year-old woman, who came to the ENT OPD (out patient department) with complaints of intermittent bleeding a...

  8. A comparison of Scanora radiography with Waters' and panoramic views for the detection of mucosal thickening of maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance of Waters' and panoramic view; maxillary sinus posteroanterior and lateral scanography of Scanora for mucosal thickening of maxillary sinus as well as to identify the utility of Scanora for the detection of maxillary sinus disease. The assessment was done at 66 maxillary sinuses in 45 patients and the results were as follows: 1. Estimation of presence or absence of mucosal thickening. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive value of maxillary sinus posteroanterior and lateral scanography were 0.865, 0.860, 0.921, and 0.805 respectively and slightly higher than those of Waters' and panoramic views, which were 0.832, 0.835, 0.903, and 0.728 respectively. However, paired t-test showed no significant differences in the diagnostic performance of the two pairs of imaging modalities. 2. Estimation of the types of mucosal thickening. The diagnostic accuracy for type I, II, III was 75.3% on Waters' and panoramic view; 77.9% on maxillary sinus posteroanterior and lateral scanography. It was higher on the latter, but showed no significant differences from that on the former. 3. Reliability of interpretation. In intraobserver and interobserver agreement, both overall rates of agreement and kappa-value were slightly higher on maxillary sinus posteroanterior and lateral scanography than on Waters' and panoramic views. There was no significant differences between the two pairs of imaging modalities. These results suggested that scanogram is a useful diagnostic radiography as well as Waters' and panoramic view for detection of maxillary sinusitis.

  9. Ewing’s sarcoma family of tumors of the maxillary sinus: a case report of multidisciplinary examination enabling prompt diagnosis

    OpenAIRE

    Tajima, Shogo; Ohkubo, Aki; Yoshida, Matsumi; Koda, Kenji; Nameki, Ichirota

    2015-01-01

    There have been approximately 10 reports in English literature of cases of Ewing’s sarcoma family of tumors (EFT) arising in the maxillary sinus. In this location, some tumors mimic EFT, and are more frequently encountered. Herein, we present an additional case of an EFT originating in the maxillary sinus. The patient was a 15-year-old boy complaining of a non-tender swelling of the left cheek. Laboratory tests showed no abnormalities. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging reveal...

  10. Implant therapy involving maxillary sinus lift in periodontally compromised patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellegaard, Birgit; Kølsen-Petersen, Jens; Baelum, Vibeke

    1997-01-01

    This study reports the results of implant therapy involving a sinus membrane lift as well as conventional implant therapy in 24 periodontally compromised patients who were treated during the period between June 1990 and May 1995. Patients were included on the basis of being in need of at least 2 ...

  11. The association between paranasal computerized tomography scans and symptoms and signs in a general practice population with acute maxillary sinusitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jens Georg; Lund, Elisabeth

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between changes revealed by computerized tomography scan (CT) and symptoms, signs, and bacteriological diagnoses in a general practice population who had been diagnosed with acute maxillary sinusitis (AMS). This study was designed as a p...... sedimentation rate and changes on the CT scan. CT scans contributed only little to the final diagnosis, whereas increased CRP values and elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rates were more reliable indicators of inflammation in the sinuses....... discharge, preceding upper respiratory tract infection, maxillary toothache and oedema over the maxillary sinuses. Self-reported previous sinusitis was negatively associated with sinus infection. There was a strong association between increasing values of C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte...

  12. The association between paranasal computerized tomography scans and symptoms and signs in a general practice population with acute maxillary sinusitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jens Georg; Lund, Elisabeth

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between changes revealed by computerized tomography scan (CT) and symptoms, signs, and bacteriological diagnoses in a general practice population who had been diagnosed with acute maxillary sinusitis (AMS). This study was designed as a...... discharge, preceding upper respiratory tract infection, maxillary toothache and oedema over the maxillary sinuses. Self-reported previous sinusitis was negatively associated with sinus infection. There was a strong association between increasing values of C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte...... sedimentation rate and changes on the CT scan. CT scans contributed only little to the final diagnosis, whereas increased CRP values and elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rates were more reliable indicators of inflammation in the sinuses....

  13. Sinusitis maxilar iatrogénica tras la colocación de implantes: A propósito de un caso Iatrogenic maxillary sinusitis related to implant placement: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Bragado Novel

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available La perforación del suelo del seno maxilar y de las fosas nasales durante la colocación de implantes en las crestas alveolares situadas por debajo no es un hecho infrecuente. Pequeñas comunicaciones producidas durante el fresado para la preparación del lecho implantario cierran espontáneamente, pero es un requisito indispensable para evitar futuras complicaciones que el implante quede estable, si no deberá ser retirado. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 54 años de edad que acude refiriendo cacosmia y halitosis permanentes y episodios esporádicos de dolor en la zona infraorbitaria derecha asociados a rinorrea purulenta, que no ceden a la administración de distintos antibióticos. Las pruebas radiológicas muestran tres implantes dentales en el primer cuadrante sustituyendo a 1.2, 1.3 y 1.6: el primero perforando la fosa nasal, y el tercero con el extremo apical en el interior del seno maxilar derecho con una imagen radioopaca bien delimitada asociada. Confirmada la existencia de una comunicación bucosinusal de más de dos años de evolución, y establecida esta como la causa del cuadro de sinusitis maxilar crónica que la paciente padece, se determina como plan de tratamiento la extracción de los tres implantes y la reconstrucción del plano óseo mediante un injerto de hueso autólogo de mentón. Al retirar el implante en posición 1.6 se observa material de aspecto resinoso adherido a toda su superficie, con fines probablemente retentivos, y que habrá contribuido en gran medida a incrementar el proceso irritativo local. El defecto remanente es tan importante en este sector que se hace imposible anclar un injerto óseo en este área, por lo que se legra la mucosa sinusal enferma a su través, enviando muestra para su posterior análisis anatomopatológico, y se consigue el cierre primario mediante un injerto pediculado de la bola adiposa de Bichat. Los controles postoperatorios fueron favorables consiguiendo de esta forma la remisión total de la sintomatología y la recuperación completa.Perforation of the floor of the maxillary sinus or nasal cavity during implant placement in the residual bone located below is not an infrequent situation. It's been strongly reported that slight membrane puncture while preparing implant bed does not play a significant role in clinical outcome, as it heals spontaneously, but it is an essential requirement that the implant remains intraoperatory stable. We present the case of a 54 yr. old woman that consulted in our office referring permanent cacosmia and halitosis associated to sporadic episodes of pain and purulent rhinorrhea, that didn't ease to the administration of several different antibiotics. Radiological findings show three dental implants in the first quadrant replacing teeth 1.2, 1.3 and 1.6: first one piercing the nostril and the third one with its apical end completely into the right maxillary sinus with a delimitated radiopaque mass associated. Once confirmed the existency of an oroantral fistula and its involvement in the two-year evolution chronic sinusitis diagnosed, the treatment established included the extraction of the three implants and the simultaneous osseous reconstruction with an autologous bone chin graft. After the removal of implant 1.6, a composite resin-like material is found stuck to its surface with supposedly retentive purposes, contributing in this way in a very strong way to increase irritation. Remanent defect is so important that makes impossible bone grafting in this area, so we proceed to curette harmed sinusal mucosa, sending a sample for histological evaluation, and close with a Bichat fat pad pedicled flap. Postoperatory follow-up and evolution was favourable, achieving total remission of sympthomatology and complete recovery.

  14. Sinusitis maxilar iatrogénica tras la colocación de implantes: A propósito de un caso / Iatrogenic maxillary sinusitis related to implant placement: A case report

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    M., Bragado Novel; L., Berini Aytés; C., Gay Escoda.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available La perforación del suelo del seno maxilar y de las fosas nasales durante la colocación de implantes en las crestas alveolares situadas por debajo no es un hecho infrecuente. Pequeñas comunicaciones producidas durante el fresado para la preparación del lecho implantario cierran espontáneamente, pero [...] es un requisito indispensable para evitar futuras complicaciones que el implante quede estable, si no deberá ser retirado. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 54 años de edad que acude refiriendo cacosmia y halitosis permanentes y episodios esporádicos de dolor en la zona infraorbitaria derecha asociados a rinorrea purulenta, que no ceden a la administración de distintos antibióticos. Las pruebas radiológicas muestran tres implantes dentales en el primer cuadrante sustituyendo a 1.2, 1.3 y 1.6: el primero perforando la fosa nasal, y el tercero con el extremo apical en el interior del seno maxilar derecho con una imagen radioopaca bien delimitada asociada. Confirmada la existencia de una comunicación bucosinusal de más de dos años de evolución, y establecida esta como la causa del cuadro de sinusitis maxilar crónica que la paciente padece, se determina como plan de tratamiento la extracción de los tres implantes y la reconstrucción del plano óseo mediante un injerto de hueso autólogo de mentón. Al retirar el implante en posición 1.6 se observa material de aspecto resinoso adherido a toda su superficie, con fines probablemente retentivos, y que habrá contribuido en gran medida a incrementar el proceso irritativo local. El defecto remanente es tan importante en este sector que se hace imposible anclar un injerto óseo en este área, por lo que se legra la mucosa sinusal enferma a su través, enviando muestra para su posterior análisis anatomopatológico, y se consigue el cierre primario mediante un injerto pediculado de la bola adiposa de Bichat. Los controles postoperatorios fueron favorables consiguiendo de esta forma la remisión total de la sintomatología y la recuperación completa. Abstract in english Perforation of the floor of the maxillary sinus or nasal cavity during implant placement in the residual bone located below is not an infrequent situation. It's been strongly reported that slight membrane puncture while preparing implant bed does not play a significant role in clinical outcome, as i [...] t heals spontaneously, but it is an essential requirement that the implant remains intraoperatory stable. We present the case of a 54 yr. old woman that consulted in our office referring permanent cacosmia and halitosis associated to sporadic episodes of pain and purulent rhinorrhea, that didn't ease to the administration of several different antibiotics. Radiological findings show three dental implants in the first quadrant replacing teeth 1.2, 1.3 and 1.6: first one piercing the nostril and the third one with its apical end completely into the right maxillary sinus with a delimitated radiopaque mass associated. Once confirmed the existency of an oroantral fistula and its involvement in the two-year evolution chronic sinusitis diagnosed, the treatment established included the extraction of the three implants and the simultaneous osseous reconstruction with an autologous bone chin graft. After the removal of implant 1.6, a composite resin-like material is found stuck to its surface with supposedly retentive purposes, contributing in this way in a very strong way to increase irritation. Remanent defect is so important that makes impossible bone grafting in this area, so we proceed to curette harmed sinusal mucosa, sending a sample for histological evaluation, and close with a Bichat fat pad pedicled flap. Postoperatory follow-up and evolution was favourable, achieving total remission of sympthomatology and complete recovery.

  15. A case of radiation retinopathy following radiation for maxillary sinus carcinoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taoka, Kaori; Arima, Mika; Uji, Yukitaka [Mie Univ., Tsu (Japan). School of Medicine; Miyamura, Naotaka

    1996-07-01

    A 69-year-old male was treated by Linac irradiation totalling 50 Gy for carcinoma of the right maxillary sinus. After 27 months, his right eye developed severe radiation retinopathy with papilledema, retinal hemorrhages and soft exudates. Fluorescein angiography showed occlusion of inferior nasal retinal artery. He was treated by panretinal photocoagulation and systemic corticosteroid. Vitreous hemorrhage developed followed by neovascular glaucoma 6 months later. (author)

  16. Squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus: A Tata Memorial Hospital experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qureshi Sajid

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The optimal treatment of maxillary sinus carcinoma remains to be defined and there is a paucity of Indian studies on the subject. Aims: To present experience of management of squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus treated with curative intent at a single institution. Settings and Design:Retrospective study of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus who presented between 1994 to 1999. materials and Methods:The records of 73 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus were analyzed. Sixty-two patients were evaluable. Forty patients (65% were treated with surgery followed by postoperative radiotherapy, five patients (8% were treated with radiotherapy alone, five patients (8% were treated with surgery alone; 12 patients (19% received chemotherapy. Statistical analysis used: Statistical analysis was done using Kaplan-Meier method. Results: The majority of patients presented with locally advanced disease (52, 84%; nodal involvement was observed in five patients (8%. The most common site of recurrence was at the primary site, which was observed in 28 patients (45% and regional failures occurred in 10 (16%. The 3 and 5-year overall survival was 38% and 35% and the disease free survival was 29% and 26% respectively. The 5-year overall survival after surgery and postoperative radiotherapy was 42%. Conclusions:The majority of patients present with advanced disease resulting in poor outcomes to conventional treatment modalities. Locoregional tumor progression remains a significant pattern of failure. New approaches such as neoadjuvant or concomitant chemoradiotherapy with aggressive surgery need to be considered and evaluated in prospective studies.

  17. A Diagnosis of Maxillary Sinus Fracture with Cone-Beam CT: Case Report and Literature Review

    OpenAIRE

    Yilmaz, Selmi Yardimci; Misirlioglu, Melda; Adisen, Mehmet Zahit

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to present the case of maxillofacial trauma patient with maxillary sinus fracture diagnosed with cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and to explore the applications of this technique in evaluating the maxillofacial region. A 23-year-old male patient attempted to our clinic who had an injury at midface with complaints of swelling, numbness. The patient was examined before in emergency center but any diagnosis was made about the maxillofacial trauma. The patient ...

  18. Long-term results of treatment in patients with malignant tumors of maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    92 patients with locally advanced (95% T3 and T4) neoplasms of maxillary sinus were treated with irradiation alone or irradiation combined with surgery between 1972 and 1992. 36 patients received radical therapy (>=60 Gy) and 56 were treated with palliative intent. A 5-year survival for the entire group was 22% and for those irradiated with radical dose 30%. Treatment failure was local in 81%, distant and local in 11% and distant only in 8%. (author)

  19. A case of radiation retinopathy following radiation for maxillary sinus carcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 69-year-old male was treated by Linac irradiation totalling 50 Gy for carcinoma of the right maxillary sinus. After 27 months, his right eye developed severe radiation retinopathy with papilledema, retinal hemorrhages and soft exudates. Fluorescein angiography showed occlusion of inferior nasal retinal artery. He was treated by panretinal photocoagulation and systemic corticosteroid. Vitreous hemorrhage developed followed by neovascular glaucoma 6 months later. (author)

  20. Methylene blue laser therapy for the treatment of chronic maxillary sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bashkatov, Alexey N.; Genina, Elina A.; Tuchin, Valery V.; Chikina, Elena E.; Knyazev, Anatoly B.; Mareev, Oleg V.

    2005-08-01

    The clinical results of photodynamic therapy of chronic maxillary sinusitis have been demonstrated. Obtained results show that the photodynamic therapy is effective in comparison with conservative methods of treatment of the disease. Diffusion of Methylene Blue in the mucous tissue has been studied in vitro and value of the diffusion coefficient of Methylene Blue in the tissue has been estimated at 20°C as (4.8+/-2.9)×10-7 cm2/sec.

  1. Correlation of fractal dimension with histomorphometry in maxillary sinus lifting using autogenous bone graft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Molon, Rafael Scaf de; Paula, Wagner Nunes de

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the pattern of bone remodeling after maxillary sinus lifting in humans by means of fractal dimension (FD) and histomorphometric analysis. Therefore, the correlation between FD and the histomorphometric findings was evaluated. Sixteen patients with posterior edentulous maxilla were enrolled in this study. Maxillary sinus lifting was performed using autogenous bone grafted from the mandibular retromolar area. Three direct digital panoramic radiographs were obtained: before surgery (Group 1), immediately postoperatively (Group 2) and after 6 months of healing (Group 3) for FD analysis. Biopsies were taken after 6 months, processed and submitted to histological and histomorphometric analysis. Data were analyzed by Shapiro-Wilk test and ANOVA test followed by a Tukey test (a=0.05). The bone volume fraction of newly trabecular bone (TB) and medullary area (MA) was measured as 62.75%±17.16% and 37.25±17.16%, respectively. Significant difference in FD analysis was measured between Group 1 and Group 3. No significant difference was found in the correlation between FD and histomorphometric analysis for TB and MA (p=0.84). In conclusion, all performed analyses were effective in assessing the bone-remodeling pattern in the maxillary sinus, offering complementary information about healing and predictable outcomes. There were no correlations between FD and histomorphometric analysis.

  2. Combined therapy for maxillary sinus carcinoma. The effect of prolonged treatment time on local control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effect of overall treatment time on the local control of maxillary sinus carcinoma was investigated. Thirty-four patients who had been treated with radiotherapy, chemotherapy and surgery from 1985 through 1996 at Hirosaki University Hospital were reviewed. Radiotherapy had been interrupted because of acute mucosal reaction or national holidays in 31 patients. The Kaplan-Meier 5-year local control (LC) rates for T2, T3, and T4 tumors and for all cases were 100%, 71.4% 58.0%, and 62.6%, respectively. Gap duration in radiotherapy (<14 days vs. ?14 days) was a significant factor in LC (80.9% vs. 41.3%, P=0.02). Overall combined treatment time (<75 days vs. ? 75 days) was a marginally significant factor in LC (72.8% vs. 49.3%, p=0.08). However, the radiation-to-surgery interval (<26 days vs. ?26 days) did not affect LC (67.2% vs. 56.9%, P=0.52). Gap duration in radiotherapy of longer than 2 weeks is a significant factor in the poor LC of maxillary sinus carcinoma in patients receiving combined therapy. Our clinical data indicate that radiotherapy for maxillary sinus carcinoma should not be interrupted for more than 2 weeks. (author)

  3. Decompression as an effective primary approach to large radicular cyst in maxillary sinus: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bio?anin Vladimir

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Therapeutic approach to jaw cysts may depend on their dimensions and localization. Enucleation of cystic lesion is not always preferable in the first act, especially if large cysts are in close proximity to important anatomical structures. The aim of this paper was to present the outcome of the treatment protocol comprising preoperative decompression and subsequent enucleation of a large maxillary cyst. Case report. A 21-year-old male patient with large asymptomatic radicular cyst in the right maxillary sinus was presented to our clinic. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT showed a large cyst, which perforated the right anterior maxillary wall by 1.5 cm, and was in the intimate contact with the orbital floor. Surgical treatment of the cystic lesion comprised: preoperative decompression with biopsy in the first act and enucleation, performed under general anesthesia, 6 months after the observation period. Conclusion. Decompression with subsequent enucleation proved to be effective treatment of large radicular cyst in maxillary sinus with low-morbidity. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 175021

  4. Research on a method of embedding implants into crista and apophysis of sinus maxillaris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhen-yu SUN

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective To study and evaluate the method of embedding implants into crista and apophysis of sinus maxillaris precisely and safely.Methods Eight patients with insufficient alveolar bone height in the posterior maxillary region,including 5 males and 3 females with mean age of 46.4±12.8 years,received dental implant surgery.By using CT scan based on 3D reconstruction analysis,each patient was chosen in accordance with the following criteria: sinus septa and apophysis located over the lost teeth,the width at the base of the septum and apophysis was over 5mm and the included angle between sinus floor and mesial or distal slope of the septum and apophysis was less than 70°.A simulation operation was done on each patient’s rapid prototyping model and apical part of implants was set into sinus septum and apophysis.After surgical guide was fabricated,osteotomy preparation and implant placement were performed aided by the surgical guide,and then followed by immediate CT scan to thoroughly examine the relative position of implants to septum and apophysis and the integrity of the sinus membrane.Results The position of all the 8 implants was in consistent with that in the rapid prototyped model.Sinus floor was lifted to the mesial or distal surface of the septum or apophysis.One side of the implants’ apical parts,with the length ranged from 2 to 5mm,was tightly embedded to sinus septum or apophysis,and the other side of the implants was well covered by mucous membrane.The implants were found with good stability after the surgery.No damage or laceration of the sinus mucous membrane was observed.Conclusions Sinus septa and apophysis can provide the necessary height to maintain implant stability when the alveolar bone height is insufficient for the insertion of a dental implant in the posterior region.In order to precisely embed implants into sinus septum and apophysis,the following procedures are required and must strictly coordinate with one another: accurate positioning and measurement of septa and apophysis by using CT 3-dimensional reconstruction analysis and model surgery,guide aided implant placement surgery,and the use of Sinustech reamer to lift sinus floor.

  5. Simultaneous maxillary sinus lifting and implant placement with autogenous parietal bone graft: outcome of 17 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakka, Salah; Krenkel, Christian

    2011-04-01

    The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the surgical technique of sinus floor elevation with autogenous parietal bone grafting in conjunction with immediate dental implants for the reconstruction of the maxilla in deficient maxillary alveolar ridges. Seventeen patients who underwent sinus floor elevation with bone graft from the parietal bone between 2005 and 2007 were included in the study. Cases of extremely deficient bone level in the alveolar ridgeAnkylos®) with different length and diameter were placed immediately after the graft was placed. Strict oral hygiene was required for the patients. Presurgical and postsurgical panoramic radiographs were taken. A high-quality reconstruction with an increase in lifted sinus bone height was achieved with parietal bone particulates. Seventy-three implants were clinically osseointegrated and four implants were lost giving a success rate 94.8%. No correlation was found between failure and the surgery. The encouraging results of this study suggest that the technique of reconstruction of the sinus floor and the resorbed alveolar ridge using an autogenous parietal bone graft is reliable, giving the surgeon the opportunity to successfully perform immediate implant placement in more difficult and deficient maxillary alveolar bone height. PMID:20833553

  6. Platelet-Rich Fibrin in Maxillary Sinus Augmentation: A Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Sherif; Bakry, Saleh Ahmed; Abd-Elhakam, Hesham

    2015-12-01

    The aim of this study was to systemically assess the efficacy of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on maxillary sinus augmentation using the lateral approach. A PubMed search and a hand search of relevant journals and the bibliographies of selected articles were performed. Clinical studies using PRF with open maxillary sinus augmentation were included. The search provided 290 titles; only 8 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Identified studies showed heterogeneity regarding surgical technique, grafting material, implant placement time, protocol, outcome measures, healing time for biopsy, and implant placement, as well as follow-up period. From the 8 identified studies, 3 studies used PRF as a sole filling material, whereas the other 5 studies used PRF with bone substitutes. PRF showed promising results as a sole filling material for sinus lift with simultaneous implant placement, and PRF seemed to accelerate maturation of a demineralized freeze dried bone allograft. Conversely, it had no effect on deproteinized bovine maturation. PRF fibrin membranes represent an easy and successful method to cover the sinus membrane or osteotomy window. PMID:25536095

  7. The Prevalence of Concha Bullosa and Nasal Septal Deviation and Their Relationship to Maxillary Sinusitis by Volumetric Tomography

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    Kyle D. Smith

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of concha bullosa and nasal septal deviation and their potential relationships to maxillary sinusitis. 883 CT scans taken at Creighton University School of Dentistry from 2005 to 2008 were retrospectively reviewed for the presence of concha bullosa, nasal septal deviation, and maxillary sinusitis. 67.5% of patients exhibited pneumatization of at least one concha, 19.4% of patients had a deviated septum, and 50.0% had mucosal thickening consistent with maxillary sinusitis. 49.3% of patients who had concha bullosa also had evidence of maxillary sinusitis. Only 19.5% of patients with concha bullosa also had nasal septal deviation, whereas 19.7% of patients with sinusitis also presented with nasal septal deviation. Although concha bullosa is a common occurrence in the nasal cavity, there did not appear to be a statistically significant relationship between the presence of concha bullosa or nasal septal deviation and maxillary sinusitis.

  8. [Clinical and biochemical aspects in the treatment of acute maxillary sinusitis with antioxidants].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikolaev, M P; Logunov, A I; Tsyrul?ikova, L G; Dzhalilov, D S

    1994-01-01

    A trial has been made of traditional versus antioxidant treatment of acute maxillary sinusitides. The patients were injected a mixture consisting of 4 ml emulsion of 10% dibunol liniment and 2 ml of 5% ascorbic acid made by dilution of 10 g dibunol in 30 ml sterile 0.5% novocaine solution. The mixture was introduced into the sinuses 2 times a day, in one of the study groups it was combined with 500,000 U of ampicillin in cases of purulent sinusitis. In catarrhal form the mixture was injected once a day without the antibiotic. Control groups received 4 ml dioxidine in a single dose after the sinus lavage in catarrhal sinusitis and 500,000 U ampicillin plus hydrocortisone emulsion (1 ml in 4 ml solution) 2 times a day in case of purulent sinusitis. All the patients received aevit (one capsule daily). The mean number of manipulations for the study groups were 4.4 +/- 0.4 in catarrhal sinuses and 6.3 +/- 0.5 in purulent sinusitis; in control groups, respectively, 5.9 +/- 0.5 and 10.7 +/- 0.7. Mean duration of treatment reached 5.3 +/- 0.4, 6.2 +/- 0.3 and 7.1 +/- 0.1 in the study groups and 8.5 +/- 0.2, 10.2 +/- 0.4 days in the control groups. Positive response to the treatment with antioxidants was confirmed by positive changes in blood levels of LPO products, activity of lysosomal hydrolases and antioxidant defense enzymes. The results obtained justify the inclusion of antioxidants in the schemes of acute sinusitis treatment. PMID:7785133

  9. A radiographic study on the mucosal cyst of the maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was performed to evaluate the role Waters' view and panoramic view for the interpretation of mucosal cyst of the maxillary sinus and to determine the radiographic features of that according to the sites and sizes. For this study, clinically 25 cases of mucosal cyst of the maxillary sinus were used, and experimentally with who dry skulls, rubber ball of 15 mm in diameter for marked radiopacity, and two jelly balls of 8 and 20 mm in diameter for the similar radiopacity to cyst were used. The 25 cases with 25 panoramic views and 15 Waters' views were first analyzed, and secondly, the radiographic features of artificial lesions attached to the each wall of the antrum on Waters' view and panoramic view were analyzed. The obtained results were as follows: At clinical analysis, 1. 4 cases of 13-14 mm, 4 cases of 15-19 mm, 14 cases of 20-25 mm, 3 cases of over 30 mm in diameter were found on panoramic views. And 24 cases of 25 cases showed no relationship with teeth, and only 1 case was associated with advanced periodontal disease. 2. The majority of mucosal cysts appeared to arise the posterior portion of the floor of the sinus and were superimposed with the inominate line of zygoma and the horizontally linear image of hard palate on panoramic view. 3. Only 2 cases of 15 cases were identified on both films.At experimental analysis, 4. On Waters' view, the images of the artificial lesion of the anterior portion and midportion of the floor of the sinus were lessened in diameter compared with the real size. On panoramic views, the images of the lesion were more radiolucent with lessened diameter than images on Waters' view. 5. The images of the lesion of the posterior wall and the posterior portion of the floor of sinus on panoramic view were well detected by the preedjucated group but not or poorly detected by the non-preeducated observer group. 6. On Waters' view, both observer groups recognized that the cystic images of the posterior portion of the floor of the maxillary sinus were superimposed with the petrous portion of the skull.

  10. A radiographic study on the mucosal cyst of the maxillary sinus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Eun Chun; Kim, Jae Duck [Dept. of Oral Radiology, College of Dentistry, Chosun University, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    1993-08-15

    This study was performed to evaluate the role Waters' view and panoramic view for the interpretation of mucosal cyst of the maxillary sinus and to determine the radiographic features of that according to the sites and sizes. For this study, clinically 25 cases of mucosal cyst of the maxillary sinus were used, and experimentally with who dry skulls, rubber ball of 15 mm in diameter for marked radiopacity, and two jelly balls of 8 and 20 mm in diameter for the similar radiopacity to cyst were used. The 25 cases with 25 panoramic views and 15 Waters' views were first analyzed, and secondly, the radiographic features of artificial lesions attached to the each wall of the antrum on Waters' view and panoramic view were analyzed. The obtained results were as follows: At clinical analysis, 1. 4 cases of 13-14 mm, 4 cases of 15-19 mm, 14 cases of 20-25 mm, 3 cases of over 30 mm in diameter were found on panoramic views. And 24 cases of 25 cases showed no relationship with teeth, and only 1 case was associated with advanced periodontal disease. 2. The majority of mucosal cysts appeared to arise the posterior portion of the floor of the sinus and were superimposed with the inominate line of zygoma and the horizontally linear image of hard palate on panoramic view. 3. Only 2 cases of 15 cases were identified on both films.At experimental analysis, 4. On Waters' view, the images of the artificial lesion of the anterior portion and midportion of the floor of the sinus were lessened in diameter compared with the real size. On panoramic views, the images of the lesion were more radiolucent with lessened diameter than images on Waters' view. 5. The images of the lesion of the posterior wall and the posterior portion of the floor of sinus on panoramic view were well detected by the preedjucated group but not or poorly detected by the non-preeducated observer group. 6. On Waters' view, both observer groups recognized that the cystic images of the posterior portion of the floor of the maxillary sinus were superimposed with the petrous portion of the skull.

  11. Metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma presented as a tumor of the maxillary sinus and retrobulbar tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kolarevi? Daniela

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC is the most frequent primary malignant tumor of the liver. It is usually seen in the 6th and 7th decades of life and chronic hepatitis B is the most frequent cause. Extrahepatic metastasis of HCC is an indicator of a poor prognosis and the most common sites are lungs, bones, lymph nodes, kidneys and adrenal glands. We reported a case of isolated metastasis in the right maxilla, which had been found initially, before the tumor in the liver was diagnosed. Case report. A 70-year-old man underwent dental surgery of the upper right molar. Prolonged bleeding control was difficult for up to two weeks, so the biopsy was performed. Histopathological analysis revealed a metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma. Computerized tomography (CT of the abdomen revealed a diffusely heterogeneous liver parenchyma with irregular borders and two foci of mass lesions. There were metastasis in the spleen and also two pathological retroperitoneal lymph nodes were detected, but no ascit, liver cirrhosis, cholestasis or portal vein thrombosis were seen. CT of the orbital and maxillary regions revealed a tumor mass in the right maxillary sinus, spreading to the alveolar sinus, nasal cavity and partially infratemporal space. A tumor mass was in the right orbit as well, infiltrating the surrounding bones and muscles. Clinically, there was proptosis of the right eye accompanied by amaurosis. The treatment started with chemotherapy based on 5-fluorouracil (sorafenib was not available. After three cycles, control CTs showed a stable disease in the liver, but progression in the right maxillary sinus and orbit. Enucleation of the right eye was performed and postoperative radiotherapy was planed. The patient deteriorated rapidly and died, about 6 months after the disease had been diagnosed. Conclusion. Extrahepatic metastasis of HCC represents a progressive phase of the disease with poor prognosis, so the main aim of the treatment should be palliation and care of symptoms.

  12. Potential role of intensity-modulated radiotherapy in the treatment of tumors of the maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To assess 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) techniques to see whether doses to critical structures could be reduced while maintaining planning target volume (PTV) coverage in patients receiving conventional radiotherapy (RT) for carcinoma of the maxillary sinus because of the risk of radiation-induced complications, particularly visual loss. Methods and Materials: Six patients who had recently received conventional RT for carcinoma of the maxillary sinus were studied. Conventional RT, 3D-CRT, and step-and-shoot IMRT plans were prepared using the same 2-field arrangement. The effect of reducing the number of segments in the IMRT beams was investigated. Results: 3D-CRT and IMRT reduced the brain and ipsilateral parotid gland doses compared with the conventional plans. IMRT reduced doses to both optic nerves; for the contralateral optic nerve, 15-segment IMRT plans delivered an average maximal dose of 56.4 Gy (range 53.9-59.3) compared with 65.7 Gy (range 65.3-65.9) and 64.2 Gy (range 61.4-65.6) for conventional RT and 3D-CRT, respectively. IMRT also gave improved PTV homogeneity and improved coverage, with an average of 8.5% (range 7.0-11.7%) of the volume receiving <95% of the prescription dose (64 Gy) compared with 14.7% (range 14.1-15.9%) and 15.1% (range 14.4-16.1%) with conventional RT and 3D-CRT, respectively. Little difference was found between the 15 and 7-segment plans, but 5 segments resulted in a reduced minimal PTV dose. Conclusions: IMRT offers significant advantages over conventional RT and 3D-CRT techniques for treatment of maxillary sinus tumors. Good results can be obtained from 7 segments per beam without compromising the PTV coverage. This number of segments is practical for implementation in a busy RT department

  13. Ewing's sarcoma family of tumors of the maxillary sinus: a case report of multidisciplinary examination enabling prompt diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tajima, Shogo; Ohkubo, Aki; Yoshida, Matsumi; Koda, Kenji; Nameki, Ichirota

    2015-01-01

    There have been approximately 10 reports in English literature of cases of Ewing's sarcoma family of tumors (EFT) arising in the maxillary sinus. In this location, some tumors mimic EFT, and are more frequently encountered. Herein, we present an additional case of an EFT originating in the maxillary sinus. The patient was a 15-year-old boy complaining of a non-tender swelling of the left cheek. Laboratory tests showed no abnormalities. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass centered in the maxillary sinus with degeneration of the surrounding bones. Pathological examination along with flow cytometry and G-banding enabled the prompt diagnosis of EFT with the EWS/FLI1 fusion gene. The patient is planned to undergo chemotherapy. An origin in the head and neck and the presence of the typical EWS/FLI1, in conjunction with an opportunity for immediate treatment, may predict a relatively better prognosis for EFT in our case. PMID:25755803

  14. A radiologic study on the experimental lesions of the maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was performed to determine the each location of lesions in the maxillary sinus and to evaluate the relationship between the floor of the antrum and the apical regions of teeth by the comparison of the panoramic view and panoramic sinus view. For this study, experimentally with two dry skulls, jelly balls of 8 mm and 15 mm in diameter containing a short wire for the radiopacity similar to the cyst and clinically 5 patients having mucosal cyst in the antrum and 10 patients having periapical lesions of upper molars were formed by using round bur and the radiopaque periapical lesions were simulated by filling the former lesions with lead foil. Each panoramic view and each panoramic sinus view of the experimental lesions and patients were obtained by using panoramic machine and analyzed. The following results obtained; 1. On the panoramic sinus view, the innominate line was approximately coincided with the most lateral portion of the antrum and the posterior wall appeared as the narrow area at the mesial side of the innominate line. The anterior wall occupied totally the mesial side of the innominate line, and the medial wall occupied the mesial half of the antrum. 2. In all cases of experimental cystic lesion attached to each wall of the antrum, the location of each lesion was able to be determined by applying Tube shift technic. 3. The palatal root and mesiobuccal root of the molar appeared as being transposed each other mesiolaterally on the panoramic and panoramic sinus views. 4. The panoramic sinus view was superior to the panoramic view in revealing the relationship between the floor of the antrum and the periapical lesion.

  15. Maxillary sinusitis - a comparative study of different imaging diagnosis methods; Sinusopatias maxilares - um estudo comparativo de diferentes metodos de diagnostico por imagem

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hueb, Marcelo Miguel; Borges, Fabiano de Almeida; Pulcinelli, Emilte; Souza, Wandir Ferreira; Borges, Luiz Marcondes [Faculdade de Medicina do Triangulo Mineiro (FMTM), Uberaba, MG (Brazil)

    1999-12-01

    We conducted prospective study comparing different methods (plain X-rays, computed tomography and ultrasonography mode-A) for the initial diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis. Twenty patients (40 maxillary sinuses) with a clinical history suggestive of sinusitis included in this study. The results were classified as abnormal or normal, using computed tomography as gold standard. The sensitivity for ultrasonography and plain X-rays was 84.6% and 69.2%, respectively. The specificity of both methods was 92.6%. This study suggests that ultrasonography can be used as a good follow-up method for patients with maxillary. sinusitis. (author)

  16. Bilateral maxillary sinus floor augmentation with tissue-engineered autologous osteoblasts and demineralized freeze-dried bone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aashish Deshmukh

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The pneumatization of the maxillary sinus often results in a lack of sufficient alveolar bone for implant placement. In the last decades, maxillary sinus lift has become a very popular procedure with predictable results. Sinus floor augmentation procedures are generally carried out using autologous bone grafts, bone substitutes, or composites of bone and bone substitutes. However, the inherent limitations associated with each of these, have directed the attention of investigators to new technologies like bone tissue engineering. Bone marrow stromal cells have been regarded as multi-potent cells residing in bone marrow. These cells can be harvested from a person, multiplied outside his body using bioengineering principles and technologies and later introduced into a tissue defect. We present a case where tissue-engineered autologous osteoblasts were used along with demineralized freeze-dried bone for sinus floor augmentation.

  17. Septum en Seno Maxilar: Un Estudio de 91 Cirugías Consecutivas de Elevación de Piso Sinusal Septum on Maxillary Sinus: A Study in 91 Consecutive Surgeries of Maxillary Sinus Floor Elevation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Olate

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La elevación de piso sinusal maxilar ha sido ampliamente discutida y presenta altas tasas de éxito. El objetivo de esta investigación fue establecer la prevalencia de septum intrasinusal presente en cirugías consecutivas de elevación de piso sinusal y establecer su relación con las perforaciones de membrana sinusal. Noventa y un cirugías fueron realizadas en pacientes que presentaban indicación para instalar implantes dentales en maxila posterior; fueron incluidos aquellos pacientes que presentaron documentos clínicos íntegros (ficha clínica, radiografías, entre otros y que no presentasen contraindicación del procedimiento; las cirugías fueron realizadas con anestesia local o general y fueron rellenados con biomateriales o hueso autógeno. El septum fue identificado mediante la imagen panorámica preoperatoria y de forma clínica intraoperatoria, mientras que cualquier complicación fue estudiada y relacionada con la presencia de septum; el estudio estadístico se realizó a través de la prueba test de Fisher siendo reconocido el valor de pSinus lift has been widely studied and is highly successful. The aim of this research was to establish the prevalence of intrasinusal septum in consecutive surgeries for maxillary sinus floor elevation and identify the relation with sinus membrane rupture. Ninety one surgeries were realized in patients with an indication for dental implant installation in the posterior maxilla; the patient with complete clinical and medical record (card, radiography, etc. and without contraindications for the procedure was included in the study; the surgery was realized with local or general anesthesia and the material used for inlay graft was autogenous bone or biometarials. The septum was identified by panoramic image in the preoperatory and clinically at the time of surgery; any complication was studied and related to intrasinusal septum; the statistical study was carried out with Fisher test with p value <0.05. Surgery was performed on 72 subjects (53 female and 19 male with a mean age of 44.5 years of age; in 74.7% of patients no complications were observed, while 18.7% presented sinusal membrane rupture. The septum was observed in 18.7% (16 maxillary sinus, showing 12 septum in anterior position and 4 in posterior position; the presence of septum was positively related to membrane rupture (p<0.05. Finally, we can state that the intrasinusal septum was observed in 17% and was related to intraoperatory complications as membrane rupture.

  18. Histological and Radiological Analyses of a Maxillary Sinus Lift with Extensive Drilling of the Schneider Membrane Using Xenogeneic Bone

    OpenAIRE

    Romano, Marcelo M.; Júlia A. Smanio; Ferreira, Lorraine B.; Victor E. Arana-Chavez; Mário S. Soares

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study is to report a clinical case of maxillary sinus with lyophilized, xenogeneic graft, in which, despite a large perforation of the sinus membrane, the surgery was not aborted and the results of histological examinations indicate bone neoformation in the surgical area. Results. This case showed that the biomaterials evaluated in this study and the procedure used to place them proved to be biocompatible and presented high osteogenic potential, leading to a successful s...

  19. A Comparative Study Between Endoscopic Middle Meatal Antrostomy and Caldwell-Luc Surgery in the Treatment of Chronic Maxillary Sinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    Joe Jacob, K.; George, Shibu; Preethi, S; Arunraj, V. S.

    2011-01-01

    Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) has almost completely replaced the radical Caldwell-Luc approach. About 20 years after its origin of FESS a comparative study with Caldwell-Luc Surgery (C-L) definitely should be on cards to validate the previous results. To compare the effectiveness of endoscopic middle meatal antrostomy and Caldwell-Luc’s surgery in the management of Chronic Maxillary Sinusitis. This is a prospective randomized comparative study based on the analysis of eighty pati...

  20. Frequency of Maxillary Sinus Mucous Retention Cysts in a Central Brazilian Population

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    Evanice Menezes Marçal Vieira

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Statement of the Problem: Mucous retention cysts (MRCs of the maxillary sinus are lesions with undefined pathogenesis. In recent researches, geographical and climatic aspects have been related as risk factors. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of MRCs of the maxillary sinus using panoramic radiographs. Materials and Method: A total of 631 panoramic radiographs were selected from a secondary database from a private radiology clinic and analyzed by two specialists in dental radiology according to gender, age, month, relative air humidity, and mean temperature. Results: A total of 87 (6.89% radiographic images were suggestive of MRCs. Thirty-five MRCs (40.22% were detected on the right side, 10 (11.49% on the left side and 42 (48.29% on both sides. A high frequen-cy was detected in female participants (n=45; 51, 72%, those aged 18-35 years (n=31; 35, 63% and those from August (n=24; 27.59% and July (n=22; 25.29%. Conclusion: The frequency of MRCs was low, and no statistically significant correlation was found between the prevalence of MRCs and the studied variables with the exception of the mean temperature.

  1. Comparison of the Distances between the Maxillary Sinus Floor and Root-Tips of the First and Second Maxillary Molar Teeth Using Panoramic Radiography among Dolichocephalic and Brachycephalic and Mesocephalic Individuals

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    Hamidreza Arabion

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Comparison of the relationships and distance between maxillary root tips and   the maxillary sinus floor using oral panoramic in the dolichocephalic and brachycephalic compared to mesocephalic individuals. Methods: Oral panoramic images from 300 individuals were analyzed and the relationships and distance between the maxillary root tips and the sinus floor was assessed by qualitative and quantitative variables. Results: The distance was significantly higher in the brachycephalic groups than that of the mesocephalic, and the mesocephalic group showed longer distance in comparison to dolichocephalic individuals. Qualitative comparison showed that type 1 relationship was the dominant position in the brachycephalic individuals while most of dolichocephalic individuals demonstrated type 2 and 3 relationships of the molar root tips and the maxillary sinus floor. Conclusion: Higher distances between the molar root tips and the maxillary sinus floor could be expected in the brachycephalic than mesocephalic and dolichocephalic individuals

  2. Clinical evaluation of multimodal treatment for squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seventy-seven patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus were treated with radiotherapy and surgery (with or without intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy) from 1969 to 1986 at Tokyo Women's Medical College. The treatment given to the subjects was broadly separated into three categories: Treatment I (1969-1974), Treatment II (1975-1977), and Treatment III (1978-1986). Treatment I consisted of surgery and radiotherapy; Treatment II consisted of multimodal treatment by surgery and radiotherapy with 5-FU intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy (IAIC) from the superficial temporal artery; Treatment III consisted of surgery and radiotherapy with Adriamycin IAIC replacing 5-FU IAIC. Radiotherapy involved a total dose of 60 Gy/6 weeks in Treatment I as the standard, 50 Gy/5 weeks with 5-FU (250 mgx20 times/4 weeks) in Treatment III. Surgery by antrotomy was performed before radiotherapy and IAIC, and Denker's operation was done after radiotherapy with IAIC. The influence of patients' age, sex, T stage and N stage were examined as prognostic factors and no statistically significant differences were seen among each treatment periods. The 2-year control rate was 29% in period I, 27% in period II, and 58% in period III. The 5-year cumulative survival rate was 13% for period I, 40% for period II, and 54% for period III; the incidence of side effects during radiotherapy did not appear to increase, and the severity was at a tolerable level considering the results. However, late complications were seen in 6 cases (cataract, 5; obstinate sinusitis, 1). Thus, the study indicates that multimodal treatment using Adriamycin IAIC can minimize face deformity and allows effective function-saving treatment for carcinoma of the maxillary sinus. (author)

  3. Comparative Study of Algipore and Decalcified Freeze - Dried Bone Allograft In Open Maxillary Sinus Elevation Using Piezo e lectric Surgery

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    Habibollah Ghanba

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Background and aim. Vertical and horizontal bone resorption of the alveolar ridge are common in edentul ous jaws. In the distal area of the maxilla, an adequate bone volume is often lacking because of the proximity of the sinus cavities to crestal bone. Sinus floor augmentation is an established way of increasing the height and volume of bone in the p osterior region of the maxilla, which increase the stability of dental implants. For this purpose various materials, including auto grafts, allograf ts,alloplasts, and xenografts have been used. The aim of this study was the radiographic and clinical comparison of Algipore with decalcified freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA inthe open maxillary sinus lift technique using piezoelectric instruments. Materials and methods. A total of 20 sinus grafts were performed in 10 patients who had a severely resorbed bilateral maxillary alveolar process with a residual bone thickness of between 1 and 5 mm (mean, 3.6 mm. The operation involved anosteotomy performed on the lateral maxillary wall using piezoelectric instruments, elevation of the sinus membrane, and placement of either of the two bone graft materials in each randomly-selected side. Preoperative and postoperative standard radiographs taken at nine months of follow- up were used to compare the outcome of bone height after the maxillary sinuslifting procedure. Changes in radiographic density after sinus grafting were evaluated using densitometry. Results. The radiographic density was 76.3% on the Algipore side and 72.4% on the DFDBA side (P >0.05. The mean height of newly formed bone in the augmented area was 12.3 mm on the Algipore side and 10.7 mm on the DFDBA side (P >0.05. Conclusion. After nine months there were no considerable clinical or radiological differences in outcome between Algipore and DFDBA and both of them were recognized as acceptable materials for sinus lift procedures

  4. Microbiologia dos seios maxilar e etmoidal em pacientes com rinossinusite crônica submetidos à cirurgia funcional endoscópica dos seios paranasais / Microbiology of the maxillary and ethmoid sinuses in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis submitted to functional endoscopic sinus surgery

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Josiane Faria de Aguiar, Nigro; Carlos Eduardo Nazareth, Nigro; Silvio Antonio Monteiro, Marone; Richard Louis, Voegels.

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Estudos da microbiologia da rinossinusite crônica mostram a presença de microorganismos aeróbicos, anaeróbicos, fungos e vírus e sua incidência varia de acordo com cada estudo. Estes estudos nos guiam para a escolha do antimicrobiano mais adequado para eliminar o processo infeccioso, ajudando a rest [...] aurar a mucosa nasossinusal. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Clínico prospectivo. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar a microbiologia dos seios maxilar e/ou etmoidal de pacientes com rinossinusite crônica e com indicação de cirurgia funcional endoscópica dos seios paranasais. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Durante a cirurgia coletamos, em 41 pacientes, secreção e/ou fragmento de mucosa dos seios maxilar e/ou etmoidal para realização de bacterioscopia, pesquisa direta de fungos, cultura para microorganismos aeróbios, anaeróbios e fungos. RESULTADOS: Identificou-se a presença de microorganismos aeróbios em 21 pacientes (51,2%), anaeróbios em 16 (39%) e fungos em 1 (2,4%). Na população estudada, apenas em 12 (29,2%) o microorganismo isolado foi considerado patogênico quando analisado junto à contagem semiquantitativa de leucócitos. O Staphylococcus coagulase-negativo e o Staphylococcus aureus foram os microorganismos mais freqüentes, em 5 (12,1%) e em 4 pacientes (9,75%) respectivamente. CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo revela que o Staphylococcus coagulase-negative e o Staphylococcus aureus foram os microorganismos mais freqüentes isolados nos pacientes com rinossinusite crônica. Abstract in english Chronic rhinosinusitis microbiology studies show the presence of aerobe and anaerobe microorganisms, fungus and virus and their incidence vary according to each study. These studies guide us on choosing the most adequate antimicrobial agent to eliminate the infectious process, thus, helping in resto [...] ring rhinosinusal mucosa. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical prospective. AIM: This work aimed at studying the microbiology of the maxillary and/or ethmoid sinuses of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and with indication of functional endoscopic sinus surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During surgery, we collected secretion and/or fragments of maxillary and/or ethmoid sinus mucosa from 41 patients to perform Gram stain, fungus direct research, aerobe and anaerobe microorganism culture and fungus culture. RESULTS: We identified the presence of aerobe microorganisms in 21 patients (51.2%), anaerobe microorganisms in 16 (39%) and fungus in 1 (2.4%). In the studied population, only 12 patients (29.2%) presented microorganisms considered pathogenic when analyzed together with the semi-quantitative leukocyte count. Staphylococcus coagulase-negative and Staphylococcus aureus were the most frequent microorganisms found, in 5 (12.18%) and in 4 (9.75%) patients respectively. CONCLUSION: This study reveals that Staphylococcus coagulase-negative and Staphylococcus aureus were the most frequent microorganisms isolated from patients with chronic rhinosinusitis.

  5. Septum en Seno Maxilar: Un Estudio de 91 Cirugías Consecutivas de Elevación de Piso Sinusal / Septum on Maxillary Sinus: A Study in 91 Consecutive Surgeries of Maxillary Sinus Floor Elevation

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sergio, Olate; Leandro, Pozzer; Aníbal Henrique Barbosa, Luna; Marcio de, Moraes; Renato, Mazzonetto; Roger W. Fernandes, Moreira; Jose Ricardo de, Albergaria-Barbosa.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La elevación de piso sinusal maxilar ha sido ampliamente discutida y presenta altas tasas de éxito. El objetivo de esta investigación fue establecer la prevalencia de septum intrasinusal presente en cirugías consecutivas de elevación de piso sinusal y establecer su relación con las perforaciones de [...] membrana sinusal. Noventa y un cirugías fueron realizadas en pacientes que presentaban indicación para instalar implantes dentales en maxila posterior; fueron incluidos aquellos pacientes que presentaron documentos clínicos íntegros (ficha clínica, radiografías, entre otros) y que no presentasen contraindicación del procedimiento; las cirugías fueron realizadas con anestesia local o general y fueron rellenados con biomateriales o hueso autógeno. El septum fue identificado mediante la imagen panorámica preoperatoria y de forma clínica intraoperatoria, mientras que cualquier complicación fue estudiada y relacionada con la presencia de septum; el estudio estadístico se realizó a través de la prueba test de Fisher siendo reconocido el valor de p Abstract in english Sinus lift has been widely studied and is highly successful. The aim of this research was to establish the prevalence of intrasinusal septum in consecutive surgeries for maxillary sinus floor elevation and identify the relation with sinus membrane rupture. Ninety one surgeries were realized in patie [...] nts with an indication for dental implant installation in the posterior maxilla; the patient with complete clinical and medical record (card, radiography, etc.) and without contraindications for the procedure was included in the study; the surgery was realized with local or general anesthesia and the material used for inlay graft was autogenous bone or biometarials. The septum was identified by panoramic image in the preoperatory and clinically at the time of surgery; any complication was studied and related to intrasinusal septum; the statistical study was carried out with Fisher test with p value

  6. Maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft in animals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, T; Schou, S; Stavropoulos, Andreas; Terheyden, H; Holmstrup, P

    2012-01-01

    The objective of the present systematic review was to test the hypothesis of no differences between the use of Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft for maxillary sinus floor augmentation (MSFA) applying the lateral window technique, as evaluated in animals. A MEDLINE (Pub...

  7. Investigating the Correlation between Panoramic and CBCT of Roots of Posterior Upper Teeth with Maxillary Sinus Floor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M DehghaniTafti

    2015-09-01

    According to the results of this study, it was recommended to establish the exact correlation between maxillary sinus floor and posterior teeth roots especially in classification 3(projected in panoramic radiographsCBCT images were prepared for minimal damage and infection transmission.

  8. Histological evaluation of maxillary sinus floor augmentation with recombinant human growth and differentiation factor-5-coated ?-tricalcium phosphate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stavropoulos, Andreas; Becker, Jürgen; Capsius, Björn; Açil, Yahya; Wagner, Wilfried; Terheyden, Hendrik

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this prospective, multicenter, randomized clinical trial was to evaluate histologically the outcome of maxillary sinus lift augmentation with a recombinant human growth and differentiation factor-5-coated ?-tricalcium phosphate (rhGDF-5/?-TCP) or with a ?-TCP and autogenous bone (?-TCP/AB) composite.

  9. Effect of Schneiderian membrane perforation on sinus lift graft outcome using two different donor sites: a retrospective study of 105 maxillary sinus elevation procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakkas, Andreas; Konstantinidis, Ioannis; Winter, Karsten; Schramm, Alexander; Wilde, Frank

    2016-01-01

    Background: Sinuslift is meanwhile an established method of bone augmentation in the posterior maxilla. Aim of the study was to evaluate the significance of intraoperative Schneiderian membrane perforations during maxillary sinus floor elevation surgery using autogenous bone harvested from two different donor sites using a Safescraper device on the success rate, graft survival and implant integration. Methods: The investigators conducted a retrospective cohort study at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of Military Hospital Ulm composed of patients with severe maxillary atrophy who underwent sinus augmentation from January 2011 until December 2011. Ninety-nine consecutive patients (89 men, 10 women) with a mean age of 43.1 years underwent sinus graft procedures in a 2-stage procedure using the lateral wall approach, as described by Tatum (1986). Data on patient age, smoking status, donor site and surgical complications were recorded and the relationship between Schneiderian membrane perforation and complication rate was evaluated. Dental implants were inserted 4 months after grafting. Results: A total of 105 sinus lift procedures were performed in 99 patients. Sixty-one patients (61.6%) underwent sinus elevation with autogenous bone from the buccal sinus wall, while 38 patients (38.4%) bone harvesting from the iliac crest. Intraoperative perforation of the Schneiderian membrane was observed in 11 of the 105 sinuses (10.4%). These perforations resulted in 4 (36.3%) of the cases in major postoperative complications accompanied by swelling and wound infection. Membrane perforations were slightly associated with the appearance of postoperative complications (p=0.0762). In 2.4% of all cases, regarding 2 patients the final rehabilitation with dental implants was not possible because of extensive bone resorption. Conclusion: Intraoperative complications performing sinus augmentation may lead to postoperative complications. With careful clinical and radiographic evaluation and appropriate treatment, the complications and risk for graft material displacement and implant loss can be eliminated.

  10. Comparison of pre- and postoperative radiation in the combined treatment of carcinoma of maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A series of 50 patients with cancer of the maxillary sinus treated by either preoperative or postoperative radiation from February 1958 to June, 1974 is presented. In the postoperative group the patients were either free from recurrence, or if there was recurrence, the tumor was less than 0.5 cm in diameter. In the preoperative group, 23 of 36 patients survived for more than five years (64%). In the postoperative group, 4 of 14 patients survived for more than five years (26%). There is an obvious superiority in the preoperative radiation group. The surgical complication rate in the preoperative group was 29% as compared to 14% in the postoperative group. Although the incidence of complications in the preoperative group is higher, we believe it is worth attempting in clincial practice because of the more favorable survival rates

  11. Long-term prognosis of maxillary sinus malignant tumor patients treated by fast neutron radiation therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    From 1976 through 1990, 19 patients with maxillary sinus malignant tumor were treated with combination therapy consisting of maxillectomy and radiation of fast neutron. Fast neutron radiotherapy was performed at National Institute of Radiological Sciences. Eight patients had adenoid cystic carcinomas, three patients squamous cell carcinomas, one patient a carcinoma in pleomorphic adenoma, four patients fibrosarcomas, one patient osteosarcoma, one patient chondrosarcoma and one patient rhabdomyosarcoma. Fast neutron therapy after/before surgery was effective in fresh cases with T2-3N0M0 adenoid cystic carcinomas and sarcomas (except for fibrosarcoma). Nine patients were alive more than three years after treatment. And serious complications of fast neutron radiation therapy appeared in six of these nine patients. Visual impairment of opposite side occurred in four patients. Bone necrosis occured in one patient and brain dysfunction in one patient. (author)

  12. Retrospective analysis of multidisciplinary therapy for locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to retrospectively investigate the efficacy of multidisciplinary therapy (concomitant radiotherapy and intra-arterial infusion of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) followed by maxillectomy) in the treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus. We reviewed 71 patient records with locally advanced but respectable carcinoma of the maxillary sinus treated by means of multidisciplinary therapy between 1978 through 1997. The clinical T factor for these patients, according to the UICC definitions (1997), was 12 for T2, 46 for T3, and 13 for T4. Twelve patients were diagnosed as node-positive at initial presentation. Intra-arterial 5-FU was delivered via a superficial temporal artery in accordance with radiotherapy, and the cumulative 5-FU dose ranged from 2,900 mg to 5,250 mg (median 5,000 mg). The total radiotherapy dose ranged from 29 Gy to 48 Gy (median 48 Gy) with conventional fractionation. Patients underwent radical maxillectomy thereafter. The 5-year overall survival rate and disease-specific survival rate of all the patients were 58% and 68%, respectively. There was no significant correlation of clinical T factor or N factor with disease-specific survival on univariate and multivariate analysis. The overall treatment-related mortality rate was 3.7%. Radiation cataract later developed in all evaluable patients whose lenses were within the treatment volume. About a half of the operable T4 patients survived over 5 years by means of the above-mentioned multidisciplinary therapy. This multidisciplinary therapy should be compared to treatment with a combination of surgery and postoperative chemoradiotherapy. (author)

  13. Retrospective analysis of multidisciplinary therapy for locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshida, Hiroshi; Seo, Yuji; Nakajima, Kaori; Miyano, Takashi [Asahikawa Medical Univ., Hokkaido (Japan); Kikuchi, Yuzou [Kanazawa Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine

    2002-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to retrospectively investigate the efficacy of multidisciplinary therapy (concomitant radiotherapy and intra-arterial infusion of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) followed by maxillectomy) in the treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus. We reviewed 71 patient records with locally advanced but respectable carcinoma of the maxillary sinus treated by means of multidisciplinary therapy between 1978 through 1997. The clinical T factor for these patients, according to the UICC definitions (1997), was 12 for T2, 46 for T3, and 13 for T4. Twelve patients were diagnosed as node-positive at initial presentation. Intra-arterial 5-FU was delivered via a superficial temporal artery in accordance with radiotherapy, and the cumulative 5-FU dose ranged from 2,900 mg to 5,250 mg (median 5,000 mg). The total radiotherapy dose ranged from 29 Gy to 48 Gy (median 48 Gy) with conventional fractionation. Patients underwent radical maxillectomy thereafter. The 5-year overall survival rate and disease-specific survival rate of all the patients were 58% and 68%, respectively. There was no significant correlation of clinical T factor or N factor with disease-specific survival on univariate and multivariate analysis. The overall treatment-related mortality rate was 3.7%. Radiation cataract later developed in all evaluable patients whose lenses were within the treatment volume. About a half of the operable T4 patients survived over 5 years by means of the above-mentioned multidisciplinary therapy. This multidisciplinary therapy should be compared to treatment with a combination of surgery and postoperative chemoradiotherapy. (author)

  14. Radiotherapy for squamous cell carcinoma of maxillary sinus. Requirements for conservative treatment strategy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We reviewed the records of 45 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of maxillary sinus who underwent radiotherapy and intra-arterial chemotherapy with or without maxillectomy. Of 45 patients, 10 patients (stage II:III:IV A=1:5:4) were operated with radical radiotherapy without maxillectomy and had no local failure for more than 1 year (conservative and no local failure group), and 9 patients (stage III:IV A=3:6) were performed with partial or total maxillectomy after pre-operative radiotherapy and had no malignant cells in the operated specimen (group B). Complete response on radiological images was shown in 70% of patients in group A, and 67% of patients in group B. In group A, local recurrence was found in 1 of 10 patients in group A and 1 of 9 patients in group B during a further follow-up period. Five-year overall survival rate was 53% and 67% in group A and B, respectively. Five-year cause-specific survival rate was 89% and 67% in group A and B, respectively. Maxillary conservative treatment is appropriate in cases showing good response on radiological images after radiotherapy combined with concurrent intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy. (author)

  15. Contribution of the maxillary sinus to the modularity and variability of nasal cavity shape in Japanese macaques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Tsuyoshi; Nishimura, Takeshi D; Hamada, Yuzuru; Takai, Masanaru

    2015-01-01

    The nasal cavity is essential for conditioning of inspired air, and its form likely impacts its function. Since humans and other anthropoids have reduced nasal turbinates when compared to other mammals, variation in relative surface area is mainly brought about by changes to overall nasal architecture. Previous studies of modern humans suggest that variation in the transverse dimensions of the nasal cavity is likely possible because of the presence of the maxillary sinuses. To understand the evolutionary origin of this adaptation, we investigated the nasofacial skeleton of Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata). We applied computed tomography and geometric morphometrics to test how the nasal cavity shape is correlated with relative maxillary sinus volume and to evaluate how the nasal cavity shape is integrated with the external craniofacial shape. Our results show that the decreasing sinus volume is well associated with the relative expansion of nasal cavity at the middle region compared to the anterior and posterior openings. The nasal cavity shape is not integrated with the external craniofacial shape especially at the middle region as well as the posterior opening. Thus, the maxillary sinus in macaques may contribute to the modularity and variability of the nasal cavity shape, possibly facilitating the adaptive changes in the nasal airways of this species. PMID:25099364

  16. Evaluation of Anatomic Variations in Maxillary Sinus with the Aid of Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT in a Population in South of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shoaleh Shahidi

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Statement of the Problem: Anatomic variations of the maxillary sinus can be detected in cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT and may assist to locate the posterior superior alveolar artery (PSAA and define the maxillary sinus morphology more accurately for a more strict surgical treatment plan. Purpose: The study aimed to determine normal variations of the maxillary sinus with the aid of CBCT in a sample population in south of Iran. Materials and Method: This cross-sectional prevalence study was based on evaluation of 198 projection data of CBCT scans of some Iranian patients aged 18-45, referred to a private oral and maxillofacial radiology center in Shiraz from 2011 to 2013. CBCT scans were taken and analyzed with NewTom VGi device and software. The anatomic variations which were evaluated in the axial images included the presence of alveolar pneumatization, anterior pneumatization, exostosis, and hypoplasia. Moreover, the location and height of sinus septa and the location of PSAA were assessed. SPSS software (version 17.0 was used to analyze the data. Results: In a total of 396 examined sinuses, maxillary sinus alveolar pneumatization was the most common anatomic variation detected. Anterior pneumatization was detected in 96 sinuses (24.2%. Antral septa were found in 180 sinuses (45.4% and were mostly located in the anterior region. Meanwhile, PSAA was mostly detected intra-osseous in 242 sinuses (65.7%. Conclusion: Anatomic variations of the maxillary sinus were common findings in CBCT of the maxilla. Preoperative imaging with CBCT seems to be very helpful for assessing the location of PSAA and the maxillary sinus morphology; Its data might be used to adjust the surgical treatment plan to yield more successful treatments.

  17. Evaluation of Anatomic Variations in Maxillary Sinus with the Aid of Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) in a Population in South of Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahidi, Shoaleh; Zamiri, Barbad; Momeni Danaei, Shahla; Salehi, Setareh; Hamedani, Shahram

    2016-01-01

    Statement of the Problem Anatomic variations of the maxillary sinus can be detected in cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and may assist to locate the posterior superior alveolar artery (PSAA) and define the maxillary sinus morphology more accurately for a more strict surgical treatment plan. Purpose The study aimed to determine normal variations of the maxillary sinus with the aid of CBCT in a sample population in south of Iran. Materials and Method This cross-sectional prevalence study was based on evaluation of 198 projection data of CBCT scans of some Iranian patients aged 18-45 who referred to a private oral and maxillofacial radiology center in Shiraz from 2011 to 2013. CBCT scans were taken and analyzed with NewTom VGi device and software. The anatomic variations which were evaluated in the axial images included the presence of alveolar pneumatization, anterior pneumatization, exostosis, and hypoplasia. Moreover the location and height of sinus septa, and the location of PSAA were assessed. SPSS software (version 17.0) was used to analyze the data. Results In a total of 396 examined sinuses, maxillary sinus alveolar pneumatization was the most common anatomic variation detected. Anterior pneumatization was detected in 96 sinuses (24.2%). Antral septa were found in 180 sinuses (45.4%) and were mostly located in the anterior region. Meanwhile, PSAA was mostly detected intra-osseous in 242 sinuses (65.7%). Conclusion Anatomic variations of the maxillary sinus were common findings in CBCT of the maxilla. Preoperative imaging with CBCT seems to be very helpful for assessing the location of PSAA and the maxillary sinus morphology, which may be used to adjust the surgical treatment plan to yield more successful treatments.

  18. Radiodense concrements in sinus maxillaris-CT diagnosis of sinus aspergillosis. Metalldichte Strukturen im Lumen der Nasennebenhoehlen - Wertigkeit der Computertomographie in der Diagnose der Kieferhoehlenaspergillose

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krennmair, G. (Abteilung fuer Mund-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie, Allgemeines Krankenhaus der Barmherzigen Schwestern vom Hl. Kreuz, Wels (Austria)); Lugmayr, H. (Institut Radiologie 1, Allgemeines Krankenhaus der Barmherzigen Schwestern vom Hl. Kreuz, Wels (Austria)); Lenglinger, F. (Institut Radiologie 2 (Digitale Schnittbildtechnik-US-CT-MRI), Allgemeines Krankenhaus der Barmherzigen Schwestern vom Hl. Kreuz, Wels (Austria))

    1993-03-01

    11 patients with radiodense concrements in the sinus maxillaris underwent a preoperative computertomographic examination of the sinus maxillaris and the sinus concrements. 8 patients (72.7%) with the occurrence of radiodense concrements presented postoperative a histological and microbiological infection with aspergillus fumigatus. The CT-numbers of radiodense concrements in patients with aspergillus were 2802[+-]302.4 HU (Hounsfield Unit). Concrements of patients without aspergillus infection (n=3) had lower density (368.6[+-]149.1 HU; p<0.001). The root filling materials showed narly the same CT-numbers in patients with aspergillus infection (2537[+-]398.5 HU) and in patients without aspergillus infections (2544.3[+-]460.6 HU). Density of root filling material was at the same level as density of radiopaque concrements in patients with aspergillus infections. According to CT-examinations a direct connection between root filling materials and aspergillus infection was noted. Therefore in patients with radiodense concrements computertomographic examination helps to determine the kind of sinus infection. (orig.)

  19. Case Report: retained gutta-percha as a cause for persistent maxillary sinusitis and pain [v2; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/3c6

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin L. Hodnett

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Dental sources of infection can produce acute and chronic maxillary sinusitis. In some cases, the source of the infection may be related to the presence of endodontic materials in the oral cavity. In this article, we report a case of retained gutta-percha in the maxillary sinus resulting in chronic sinusitis.

  20. Volumetric changes of the graft after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone in different ratios

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Thomas; Schou, Søren; Svendsen, Patricia Anne; Forman, Julie Lyng; Gundersen, Hans Jørgen G; Terheyden, Hendrik; Holmstrup, Palle

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The objective of the present study was to learn about the volumetric changes of the graft after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone from the iliac crest or the mandible in different ratios in minipigs. Material and methods: Bilateral maxillary sinus floor...... augmentation was performed in 40 minipigs with: (A) 100% autogenous bone, (B) 75% autogenous bone and 25% Bio-Oss, (C) 50% autogenous bone and 50% Bio-Oss, (D) 25% autogenous bone and 75% Bio-Oss, and (E) 100% Bio-Oss. The autogenous bone graft was harvested from the iliac crest or the mandible and the graft...... the ratio of Bio-Oss and autogenous bone (P...

  1. Primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the maxillary sinus in an elderly male: A case report and literature review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET), which belongs to the Ewing's sarcoma (ES) family of tumors, is mainly seen in children and young adults. PNETs are extremely rare in the maxilla. Here, we report a case of PNET of the left maxillary sinus in an elderly male. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a slightly enhanced solid mass occupying the left maxillary sinus and infiltrating into the retroantral space. A partial maxillectomy was performed. Despite postoperative chemotherapy, follow-up computed tomography (CT) and MRI revealed a nodal metastasis in the submandibular space. Neck dissection was performed. However, the patient died 10 months after the second surgery because of distant metastasis to the liver. MRI and CT were particularly useful in detecting the extent of the tumor, recurrence, and metastasis. Further, a literature review of the previously reported PNET cases of the maxilla was carried out. In this paper, we also discuss the current approach for the diagnosis and management of these tumors.

  2. Primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the maxillary sinus in an elderly male: A case report and literature review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shah, Saiquat [Dept. of Dental Public Health, Bangladesh Dental College, Dhaka (Bangladesh); Huh, Kyung Hoe; Yi, Won Jin; Heo, Min Suk; Lee, Sam Sun; Choi, Soon Chul [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-12-15

    Primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET), which belongs to the Ewing's sarcoma (ES) family of tumors, is mainly seen in children and young adults. PNETs are extremely rare in the maxilla. Here, we report a case of PNET of the left maxillary sinus in an elderly male. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a slightly enhanced solid mass occupying the left maxillary sinus and infiltrating into the retroantral space. A partial maxillectomy was performed. Despite postoperative chemotherapy, follow-up computed tomography (CT) and MRI revealed a nodal metastasis in the submandibular space. Neck dissection was performed. However, the patient died 10 months after the second surgery because of distant metastasis to the liver. MRI and CT were particularly useful in detecting the extent of the tumor, recurrence, and metastasis. Further, a literature review of the previously reported PNET cases of the maxilla was carried out. In this paper, we also discuss the current approach for the diagnosis and management of these tumors.

  3. Correlation of Fractal Dimension with Histomorphometry in Maxillary Sinus Lifting Using Autogenous Bone Graft

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rafael Scaf de, Molon; Wagner Nunes de, Paula; Rubens, Spin-Neto; Mario Henrique Arruda, Verzola; Guilherme Monteiro, Tosoni; Raphael Carlos Comelli, Lia; Gulnara, Scaf; Elcio Marcantonio, Jr.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar o padrão de remodelação óssea após levantamento de seio maxilar in humanos por meio de analise de dimensão fractal (FD) e histomorfometria. Além disso, a correlação entre FD e histomorfometria foi avaliada. Dezesseis [...] pacientes com edentulismo na região posterior da maxila foram relacionados para este estudo. Levantamento de seio maxilar foi realizado utilizando-se enxerto de osso autógeno coletado da região retro molar da mandíbula. Três radiografias panorâmicas digitais foram obtidas: antes da cirurgia (Grupo 1), imediatamente após o levantamento de seio (Grupo 2) e após 6 meses de cicatrização (Grupo 3) para analise de FD. Biopsias foram coletadas após 6 meses, processadas e submetidas para analise histológica e histomorfométrica. Os dados foram analisados utilizando-se o teste Shapiro-Wilk e ANOVA seguido pelo pós teste de Tukey (a=0.05). A fração de volume de ósseo neoformado para o osso trabecular (TB) e para a área medular (MA) foi mensurado como 65,75%±17,16% and 37,25±17,16%, respectivamente. Diferença significante na analise FD foi observada entre os grupos 1 e 3. Nenhuma diferença estatística foi encontrada para correlação entre FD e histomorfometria para TB e MA (p=0,84). Em conclusão, todas as análises realizadas foram efetivas em acessar o padrão de remodelação ósseo no seio maxilar, oferecendo informações complementares sobre cicatrização e previsibilidade de resultados. Não houve correlação entre FD e histomorfometria. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to determine the pattern of bone remodeling after maxillary sinus lifting in humans by means of fractal dimension (FD) and histomorphometric analysis. Therefore, the correlation between FD and the histomorphometric findings was e [...] valuated. Sixteen patients with posterior edentulous maxilla were enrolled in this study. Maxillary sinus lifting was performed using autogenous bone grafted from the mandibular retromolar area. Three direct digital panoramic radiographs were obtained: before surgery (Group 1), immediately postoperatively (Group 2) and after 6 months of healing (Group 3) for FD analysis. Biopsies were taken after 6 months, processed and submitted to histological and histomorphometric analysis. Data were analyzed by Shapiro-Wilk test and ANOVA test followed by a Tukey test (a=0.05). The bone volume fraction of newly trabecular bone (TB) and medullary area (MA) was measured as 62.75%±17.16% and 37.25±17.16%, respectively. Significant difference in FD analysis was measured between Group 1 and Group 3. No significant difference was found in the correlation between FD and histomorphometric analysis for TB and MA (p=0.84). In conclusion, all performed analyses were effective in assessing the bone-remodeling pattern in the maxillary sinus, offering complementary information about healing and predictable outcomes. There were no correlations between FD and histomorphometric analysis.

  4. 60Co telegammatherapy technique used at the Institute of Oncology in Cracow in treatment of maxillary sinus planoepithelial carcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The techniques of radical megavoltage teleradiotherapy used in cases of planoepithelial carcinoma of the maxillary sinus by various authors are described. On the basis of assessment of isodose distribution curves and measurements on an anatomical head and neck phantom a technique of 60Co radiotherapy was elaborated in which the tumour is treated with one flat beam from the front and two lateral opposite beams with wedge filters. (author)

  5. A novel approach revealing the effect of a collagenous membrane on osteoconduction in maxillary sinus floor elevation with ?-tricalcium phosphate

    OpenAIRE

    EAJM Schulten; H-J Prins; JR Overman; MN Helder; CM ten Bruggenkate; Klein-Nulend, J.

    2013-01-01

    Calcium phosphates are used in maxillary sinus floor elevation (MSFE) procedures to increase bone height prior to dental implant placement. Whether a collagenous barrier membrane coverage of the lateral window affects bone formation within a bone substitute augmentation is currently an important matter of debate, since its benefit has not been irrefutably proven. Therefore, in this clinical study twelve patients underwent an MSFE procedure with ?-tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP). The lateral wind...

  6. Long-term results of the maxillary sinus carcinoma with irradiation and intraarterial infusion of 5-FU

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Therapeutic results of 33 primary cases of maxillary sinus carcinoma treated with irradiation and intraarterial infusion of 5-FU between 1972 and 1984 were analyzed. The 5-year crude survival rate for the group with stage T2 carcinoma (n=10) was 50.0%, and for those with T3 (n=15) and T4 (n=8) it was 46.7% and 25.0%, respectively. The overall 5-year crude survival rate was 42.4%. Eight patients who did not undergo maxillectomy survived for 5 years after irradiation and intraarterial infusion. Recurrence of the tumor after the irradiation and intraarterial infusion occurred in 63.6%, and was frequently observed at the ethmoidal region and the orbita. In the areas in which the tumor extended to regions such as the ethmoid sinus and orbita, which are nourished by arteries other than the maxillary artery, conventional intraarterial infusion was ineffective for complete tumor eradication. Therefore, in most of the patients with advanced maxillary sinus carcinoma, partial or total maxillectomy following combined therapy of intraarterial infusion and irradiation is necessary to improve a prognosis. (author)

  7. Comparison of Results according to the treatment Method in Maxillary Sinus Carcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose : A retrospective analysis was performed to investigate the proper management of maxillary sinus carcinoma. Materials and Methods : Authors analysed 33 patients of squamous cell carcinoma of maxillary sinus treated at Chonnam University Hospital from January 1986 to December 1992. There were 24 men and 9 women with median age of 55 years. According to AJCC TNM system of 1988, a patient of T2, 10 patients of T3 and 22 patients of T4 were available, respectively. Cervical lymph node metastases was observed in 5 patients(N1;4/33, N2b;1/33). Patients were classified as 3 groups according to management method. The first group, named as 'FAR' (16 patients), was consisted of preoperative intra-arterial chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil(5-FU;mean of total dosage;3078mg) through the superficial temporal artery with concurrent radiation(mean dose delivered;3433cGy, daily 180-200cGy) and vitamin A(50,000 IU daily), and followed by total maxillectomy and postoperative radiation therapy(mean dose;2351cGy). The second group, named as 'SR'(7 patients), was consisted of total maxillectomy followed by postoperative radiation therapy(mean dose 5920 cGy). Her third group, named as 'R'(6 patients), was treated with radiation alone(mean dose;7164cGy). Kaplan-Meier product limit method was used for survival analysis and Mantel-Cox test was performed for significance of survival difference between two groups. Results : Local recurrence free survival rate in the end of 2 year was 100%, 5-% and 0% in FAR, SR and R group, respectively. Disease free survival rate in 2 years was 88.9%, 40% and 50% in Far, SR and R group, respectively. There were statistically significant difference between FAR and SR or FAR and R group in their local recurrence free, disease free and overall survival rates. But difference of each survival rate between SR and R group was not significant. Conclusion : In this study FAR group revealed better results that SR or R group. In the future prospective randomized study is in need

  8. CLINICAL USE OF MODERN FLUOROQUINOLONES IN DENTAL IMPLANTATION AND MAXILLARY SINUS LIFTING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.A. Novikov

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available New fluoroquinolones like levofloxacine, with broad-spectrum of effect which is also active against anaerobic bacteria, is a prospective drug for the prevention of the inflammatory complications in implant dentistry and maxillary sinus augmentation. 34 patients have been selected for this study, including 16 women and 18 men aged 18-65. All the patients have been classified into the main and control groups. Patiens of the first group have been prescribed 500 mg of levofloxacine before and after the operation two times a day for 10 days. Patients of the control group have been treated with amocxicilline. In the control group, which has used amoxicilline, Streptococcus sanguis, Streptococcus salivarius and anaerobic bacteria have been identified. The amount of Prevotella intermedia is insignificant. The same picture has been found with Fusobacterium spp. The rate of Actinomyces spp. was insignificant over the whole period of study. Patients of the experimental group had a slightly different distribution of bacteria. On the 10th day after the operation in the main patient group no periodontal pathogenesis, which may cause inflammatory complications have been identified. During the early post-operative period no significant differences have been observed among the patients of both groups.

  9. Ameloblastomas en la infancia localizados en el seno maxilar / Ameloblastomas of the maxillary sinus in children

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carlos E., Zamora Linares.

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available El ameloblastoma es un tumor odontogénico descrito como una lesión anatómicamente benigna y clínicamente persistente, que afecta a los huesos maxilares, principalmente a la mandíbula. No es frecuente en niños y los criterios de tratamiento quirúrgico en la infancia son controversiales, debido, en pa [...] rte, al riesgo de recurrencia cuando se practican métodos conservadores. Por otro lado, el tratamiento radical puede trastornar el crecimiento maxilofacial y provocar graves problemas estéticos y funcionales. Se describen 2 casos clínicos de niños con ameloblastomas monoquísticos localizados en el seno maxilar y tratados conservadoramente, los cuales después de 7 y 4 años, respectivamente, de seguimiento no han mostrado signos clínicos ni radiográficos de recurrencia tumoral. Abstract in english The ameloblastoma is an odontogenic tumor described as an anatomically benign and clinically persistent lesion affecting the jaws, especially the mandible. It is rare in children and the criteria for surgery in the childhood are controversial, partly due to the risk of recurrence when conservative m [...] ethods are practiced. On the other hand, a radical treatment can alter the maxillofacial growth and cause serious esthetic and functional problems. Two clinical cases of children with unicystic ameloblastoma located in the maxillary sinus and treated conservatively are described, who after 7 and 4 years of follow-up, respectively, showed no clinical and radiographic signs of tumor recurrence.

  10. A study on radiation therapy combined with superselective intraarterial infusion therapy for maxillary sinus carcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The data of 14 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus who were admitted to our hospital and received radiation therapy and concurrent superselective intraarterial infusion therapy between 1998 and 2008 were analyzed to determine the effect of the primary treatment and the adverse events. The subjects were between 43 and 79 years old (median, 61 years old), and there were 10 male and 4 female patients. Superselective intraarterial infusion therapy was administered using the Seldinger method, and cisplatin (CDDP) was administered by intraarterial infusion at a total of 200 mg/m2. 5-fluorouracil (FU) was systemically administered by intravenous infusion at the dose of 800 mg/m2 from day 2 to day 5. In addition, radiation therapy was given concurrently, beginning on day 2. At 4 weeks after completion of the scheduled radiation therapy combined with superselective intraarterial infusion therapy, the treatment effect was judged based on macroscopic, radiological and histopathological findings. The response rates to the primary treatment were as follows: 57.1%, complete response (CR) (8 patients) and 42.9%, partial response (PR) (6 patients). Thus, the overall response rate was 100%. As for the adverse events, while grade 4 cerebral infarction occurred in one patient, all of the other adverse events were reversible and not serious. The safety of the treatment was therefore considered to be acceptable. We are planning to investigate the long-term outcomes in a future study. (author)

  11. Calvarial autogenous bone graft for maxillary ridge and sinus reconstruction for rehabilitation with dental implants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bastos, Alliny Souza; Spin-Neto, Rubens

    2014-01-01

    Autogenous bone grafting is the gold-standard technique for bone augmentation procedures prior to implant placement. If the amount of available intraoral donor bone is insufficient, it is necessary to harvest bone graft from extraoral sites, such as calvaria. Although this technique is well established, only a few case reports show the histological analysis of the grafted bone at the moment of implant placement. This article reports the case of a 48-year-old female patient with a critical atrophic maxillary ridge reconstructed using autogenous calvarial bone graft prior to implant placement, with clinical and histological evaluation. Bone was collected under general anesthesia from the parietal bone. The outer cortical originated the bone blocks, and the medullar bone layer between was collected to be used in the sinus augmentation procedure, together with 5 of the bone blocks triturated. Six months after bone augmentation, 8 implants were placed in the grafted area and 2 biopsies were retrieved (anterior andthe posterior regions), allowing the visualization of the bone-remodeling process in the grafted areas. The patient had a stable recovery. Our results showed that although necrotic bone could still be seen in the outer layer of the grafted area, the interface between this necrotic bone and the already remodeled bone was consistent with biocompatibility. Two-year radiographic evaluation showed success of the grafts and the implants in supporting an esthetic and functionally stable prosthesis. Summarizing, calvarial bone grafts are a viable alternative for the attainment of adequate bone volume prior to implant placement.

  12. Treatment of advanced squamous carcinoma of the maxillary sinus by irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Between 1959 and 1972, there were 23 patients with advanced squamous carcinoma of the maxillary sinus treated by radiation therapy as the only modality. Eighteen of these patients had not shown evidence of metastasis and were locally extensive being classified as T/sub 3-4/N0M0. They received 60-75 Gy (6000-7500 rad) in 6 to 7 1/2 weeks using an anterior portal with opposed lateral wedge pairs to give a homogenous dose. No treatment was given to the neck. Of 10 patients with tumors presenting in the suprastructures, six are living 5 years with no evidence of disease (NED), one is dead of intercurrent disease, one died of metastatic disease with no evidence of tumor at the primary site, and two died of recurrent primary tumor. With suprastructure presentation, radiation therapy as a sole treatment was able to control the primary tumor in eight out of 10 patients. It is concluded that in extensive tumors of suprastructure, radiation may be the only modality required to control the primary tumor (80%). In the infrastructure, radiation has failed in 75% of the patients so that surgery may also be required as a planned part of treatment in order to control the primary tumor. Metastatic disease accounted for three of the 10 deaths as a result of tumor

  13. Late injury of the eye after conformation radiotherapy for carcinoma of the maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Late injury of the eye after radiotherapy for 26 patients with carcinoma of the maxillary sinus was discussed. The conformation technique, a kind of improved rotational technique, was used as the method for radiotherapy. The eyes were shielded by a tungsten- or zinc-rod during irradiation. On the healthy-sided eye, which had received a total dose of 1000-1100 rads/6 weeks (max. 1460 rads/6 weeks), no impairment of vision was seen. On the ill-sided eye given a dose of more than 6000 rads/6 weeks, severe panophthalmopathy with corneal ulceration was observed within 1 year after irradiation. Serious deterioration of visual acuity alway occurred 1.5-2 years after on irradiation of the level of 4000 rads/6 weeks. At present the weakening of visual acuity is unlikely to occur after a dose of less than 3000 rads/6 weeks to the lens. From these results it is recommended that the total dose of the eye be reduced to less than 3000 rads/6 weeks. (author)

  14. Morphometric Analysis of Developing Maxillary Sinuses in Human Foetuses / Análisis Morfométrico del Desarrollo de los Senos Maxilares en Fetos Humanos

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ghaus, Farah; Ahmad Faruqi, Nafis.

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available El desarrollo de los senos paranasales en humanos y en muchos mamíferos ha permanecido como un enigma hace ya varios milenios. Análisis morfométricos de los senos maxilares en fetos humanos no han sido suficientemente documentados y en la India son inexistentes. El presente estudio fue llevado a cab [...] o para determinar los diferentes diámetros, el padrón de crecimiento, el dimorfismo sexual y las variaciones bilaterales en los senos maxilares de 37 fetos humanos de diferentes edades (16-34 semanas de vida intrauterina), los cuales fueron divididos en 5 grupos etarios. Los senos maxilares fueron disecados por la parte nasal del maxilar y los diversos diámetros fueron medidos con la ayuda de un caliper. El crecimiento porcentual del diámetro AP fue +48% en los fetos de 17-20 semanas (p Abstract in english The development of the paranasal sinuses, in human race and in many mammals remained as much an enigma as it did nearly two millennia ago. Morphometric analysis of maxillary sinuses in human foetuses are not fully documented and also their morphological studies in Indian population are non-existent. [...] So the present study was conducted to determine the different diameters, the pattern of growth, sexual dimorphism and bilateral variations in maxillary sinuses. 37 human foetuses of different age groups (16 - 34 wks of IUL) were divided into five groups on the basis of age. Maxillary sinuses were dissected out from the nasal aspects of maxillae and their various diameters were measured with the help of Vernier callipers. The percent growth of AP diameter was +48% in 17-20 wks (p

  15. Ausência de fluxo aéreo nasal e desenvolvimento dos seios maxilares / Absence of nasal air flow and maxillary sinus development

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Roberto Eustáquio dos Santos, Guimarães; Gustavo Coelho dos, Anjos; Celso Gonçalves, Becker; Helena Maria Gonçalves, Becker; Paulo Fernando Tormin Borges, Crosara; Cláudia Pena, Galvão.

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Os mecanismos responsáveis pelo desenvolvimento dos seios paranasais ainda são pouco conhecidos, o fluxo aéreo nasal segundo uma das teorias propostas seria fundamental ao crescimento e desenvolvimento saudável dos seios paranasais. OBJETIVO: Estudar comparativamente o desenvolvimento dos seios maxi [...] lares e a presença de sinusopatia, em um mesmo modelo, na ausência e presença de fluxo aéreo nasal posterior. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo transversal de uma série de casos; os exames tomográficos pré-operatórios de 7 pacientes com atresia coanal unilateral, idade média 16.28 anos (± 5,024). Este estudo realizado em um hospital terciário, com pacientes que passaram neste serviço entre os anos de 1994 e 2004. A área dos seios maxilares foi medida com auxílio do programa Auto-Cad. Utilizou-se o teste de Kruskal-Wallis para análise estatística. RESULTADOS: Nesse estudo observou-se seios maxilares simétricos e até mesmo maiores no lado da atresia coanal em 85,71% dos casos, não houve diferença estatística significativa entre os dois lados comparados. Não se observou sinais de tomográficos de sinusopatia neste grupo de pacientes. CONCLUSÃO: Os achados aqui apresentados contrariam a teoria difusamente aceita sobre o papel do fluxo aéreo nasal na saúde e no desenvolvimento das cavidades paranasais. Abstract in english Paranasal sinuses development mechanisms are not well known. Nasal air flow, according to one of the proposed theories, would be fundamental to the growth and healthy development of paranasal sinuses. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the maxillary sinus growth and health in the presence an [...] d absence of postnasal air flow through a unique model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of a series of cases; preoperative CT scans of 7 patients with unilateral choanal atresia, average age was 16.28 years (± 5.024). This study was done in a tertiary hospital, with patients treated between 1994 and 2004. The area of the maxillary sinuses was measured with the aid an Auto-Cad software. Kruskal-Wallis test was used in the statistical analysis. RESULTS: Symmetrical or even bigger maxillary sinuses were found in the same side of the choanal atresia in 85.71% of the cases. There was no significant statistic difference between compared sides. CT Scan signs of sinus disease were not seem in these patients. DISCUSSION: These findings oppose the commonly accepted theory about the role of nasal air flow in health and development of paranasal cavities.

  16. Postoperative Radiotherapy for Maxillary Sinus Cancer: Long-Term Outcomes and Toxicities of Treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To determine the effects of three changes in radiotherapy technique on the outcomes for patients irradiated postoperatively for maxillary sinus cancer. Methods and Materials: The data of 146 patients treated between 1969 and 2002 were reviewed. The patients were separated into two groups according to the date of treatment. Group 1 included 90 patients treated before 1991 and Group 2 included 56 patients treated after 1991, when the three changes were implemented. The outcomes were compared between the two groups. Results: No differences were found in the 5-year overall survival, recurrence-free survival, local control, nodal control, or distant metastasis rates between the two groups (51% vs. 62%, 51% vs. 57%, 76% vs. 70%, 82% vs. 83%, and 28% vs. 17% for Groups 1 and 2, respectively). The three changes were to increase the portals to cover the base of the skull in patients with perineural invasion, reducing their risk of local recurrence; the addition of elective neck irradiation in patients with squamous or undifferentiated histologic features, improving the nodal control, distant metastasis, and recurrence-free survival rates (64% vs. 93%, 20% vs. 3%, and 45% vs. 67%, respectively; p < 0.05 for all comparisons); and improving the dose distributions within the target volume, reducing the late Grade 3-4 complication rates (34% in Group 1 vs. 8% in Group 2, p = 0.014). Multivariate analysis revealed advancing age, the need for enucleation, and positive margins as independent predictors of worse overall survival. The need for enucleation also predicted for worse local control. Conclusion: The three changes in radiotherapy technique improved the outcomes for select patients as predicted. Despite these changes, little demonstrable overall improvement occurred in local control or survival for these patients and additional work must be done

  17. Neoadjuvant intra-arterial chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy and surgery in patients with advanced maxillary sinus cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The optimal treatment of advanced maxillary sinus cancer has been challenging for several decades. Intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) for head and neck cancer has been controversial. We have analyzed the long-term outcome of neoadjuvant IAC followed by radiation therapy (RT) and surgery. Twenty-seven patients with advanced maxillary sinus cancer were treated between 1989 and 2002. Five-fluorouracil (5-FU, 500 mg/m2) was infused intra-arterially, and followed by RT (total 50.4 Gy/28 fractions). A planned surgery was performed 3 to 4 weeks after completion of IAC and RT. At a median follow-up of 77 months (range, 12 to 169 months), the 5-year rates of overall survival in all patients were 63%. The 5-year rates of overall survival of stage T3/T4 patients were 70.0% and 58.8%, respectively. Seven of fourteen patients with disease recurrence had a local recurrence alone. The 5-year actuarial local control rates in patients with stage T3/T4, and in all patients were 20.0%, 32.3%, and 27.4%, respectively. Overall response rate after the completion of IAC and RT was 70.3%. During the follow-up, seven patients (25.9%) showed mild to moderate late complications. The tumor extent (i.e., the involvement of either orbit and/or base of skull) appeared to be related with local recurrence. Neoadjuvant IAC with 5-FU followed by RT and surgery may be effective to improve local tumor control in the patients with advanced maxillary sinus cancer. However, local failure was still the major cause of death. Further investigations are required to determine the optimal treatment schedule, radiotherapy techniques and chemotherapy regimens.

  18. Maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft in animals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, T; Schou, S; Stavropoulos, Andreas; Terheyden, H; Holmstrup, P

    2012-01-01

    The objective of the present systematic review was to test the hypothesis of no differences between the use of Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft for maxillary sinus floor augmentation (MSFA) applying the lateral window technique, as evaluated in animals. A MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase, and Cochrane Library search in combination with a hand-search of relevant journals was conducted by including animal studies published in English from 1 January 1990 to 1 June 2010. The search pro...

  19. Role of Modified Endoscopic Medial Maxillectomy in Persistent Chronic Maxillary Sinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    P Thulasidas; Venkatraman, V

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) has a long-term high rate of success for symptomatic improvement in patients with medically refractory chronic rhinosinusitis. As the popularity of the technique continues to grow, however, so does the population of patients with postsurgical persistent sinus disease especially in those with a large window for ventilation and drainage. In addition chronic infections of the sinuses especially fungal sinusitis have a higher incidence o...

  20. Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinusitis means your sinuses are inflamed. The cause can be an infection or another problem. Your sinuses ... and cause pain. There are several types of sinusitis, including Acute, which lasts up to 4 weeks ...

  1. Decreased mucosal oxygen tension in the maxillary sinuses in patients with cystic fibrosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aanaes, Kasper; Rickelt, Lars Fledelius; Johansen, Helle Krogh; Buchwald, Christian von; Pressler, Tacjana; Høiby, Niels; Jensen, Peter Østrup

    2011-01-01

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the sinuses plays a role in the lungs in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, but little is known about the sinus environment where the bacteria adapt. Anoxic areas are found in the lower respiratory airways but it is unknown if the same conditions exist in the sinuses....

  2. Avaliação do recesso lacrimal do seio maxilar: estudo anatômico Evaluation of the lacrimal recess of the maxillary sinus: an anatomical study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo de Lima Navarro

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Arelação anatômica entre seio maxilar e ducto lacrimonasal adquiriu maior importância com o advento das microcirugias e cirurgias nasossinusais assistidas por endoscopia e pelo crescente uso da endoscopia nasal na realização das meatotomias médias e dacriocistorrinostomiastransnasais. Não foram encontrados relatos de classificação do seio maxilar quanto ao seu recesso lacrimal, tampouco sua frequência. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a frequência do recesso lacrimal do seio maxilar em peças anatômicas dissecadas. MÉTODO: Foram avaliadas 31 partes de hemicabeças de cadáveres. Procedeu-se à dissecção da área correspondente ao terço médio da face, por acesso lateral, para que se pudesse observar a posição da porção mais lateral do ducto lacrimonasal em relação ao seio maxilar. Os seios maxilares foram avaliados, por dois examinadores simultaneamente, chegando ao consenso do tipo de ducto lacrimonasal. RESULTADOS: Foram encontrados 18 seios maxilares do tipo lateral (58,1% e 13 do tipo anterior (41,9%. A diferença entre a frequência de seios maxilares do tipo anterior nos lados direito (35,7% e esquerdo (47,1% não mostrou significância estatística (p = 0,524. CONCLUSÃO: Observou-se frequência de 41,9% de recessos lacrimais nos seios maxilares.The anatomical relation between the maxillary sinus and the nasolacrimal duct has gained greater importance with the advent of microsurgeries and endoscopic-assisted sinonasal procedures, and the growing use of endonasal surgery to perform middle meatus procedures and transnasal dacryocystorhinostomy. We did not find reports on maxillary sinus classification concerning its lacrimal recess, nor how often it is found. OBJECTIVE: To assess how frequent the lacrimal recess can be found in the maxillary sinuses of dissected anatomical specimens. METHOD: We assessed 31 half-heads from cadavers. We dissected the area corresponding to the middle third of the face, by lateral access so as to be able to observe the most lateral portion of the nasolacrimal duct vis-à-vis the maxillary sinus.The maxillary sinuses were assessed by two examiners simultaneously, getting to a consensus in relation to the type of nasolacrimal duct. RESULTS: We assessed 18 maxillary sinuses of the lateral type (58.1% and 13 anterior sinuses (41.9%. The difference in frequency of the anterior type of maxillary type of the right side (35.7% and left (47.1% did not have statistical significance (p = 0.524. CONCLUSION: We found a frequency of 41.9% of lacrimal recesses in the maxillary sinuses.

  3. Avaliação do recesso lacrimal do seio maxilar: estudo anatômico / Evaluation of the lacrimal recess of the maxillary sinus: an anatomical study

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Paulo de Lima, Navarro; Almiro José, Machado Júnior; Agrício Nubiato, Crespo.

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Arelação anatômica entre seio maxilar e ducto lacrimonasal adquiriu maior importância com o advento das microcirugias e cirurgias nasossinusais assistidas por endoscopia e pelo crescente uso da endoscopia nasal na realização das meatotomias médias e dacriocistorrinostomiastransnasais. Não foram enco [...] ntrados relatos de classificação do seio maxilar quanto ao seu recesso lacrimal, tampouco sua frequência. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a frequência do recesso lacrimal do seio maxilar em peças anatômicas dissecadas. MÉTODO: Foram avaliadas 31 partes de hemicabeças de cadáveres. Procedeu-se à dissecção da área correspondente ao terço médio da face, por acesso lateral, para que se pudesse observar a posição da porção mais lateral do ducto lacrimonasal em relação ao seio maxilar. Os seios maxilares foram avaliados, por dois examinadores simultaneamente, chegando ao consenso do tipo de ducto lacrimonasal. RESULTADOS: Foram encontrados 18 seios maxilares do tipo lateral (58,1%) e 13 do tipo anterior (41,9%). A diferença entre a frequência de seios maxilares do tipo anterior nos lados direito (35,7%) e esquerdo (47,1%) não mostrou significância estatística (p = 0,524). CONCLUSÃO: Observou-se frequência de 41,9% de recessos lacrimais nos seios maxilares. Abstract in english The anatomical relation between the maxillary sinus and the nasolacrimal duct has gained greater importance with the advent of microsurgeries and endoscopic-assisted sinonasal procedures, and the growing use of endonasal surgery to perform middle meatus procedures and transnasal dacryocystorhinostom [...] y. We did not find reports on maxillary sinus classification concerning its lacrimal recess, nor how often it is found. OBJECTIVE: To assess how frequent the lacrimal recess can be found in the maxillary sinuses of dissected anatomical specimens. METHOD: We assessed 31 half-heads from cadavers. We dissected the area corresponding to the middle third of the face, by lateral access so as to be able to observe the most lateral portion of the nasolacrimal duct vis-à-vis the maxillary sinus.The maxillary sinuses were assessed by two examiners simultaneously, getting to a consensus in relation to the type of nasolacrimal duct. RESULTS: We assessed 18 maxillary sinuses of the lateral type (58.1%) and 13 anterior sinuses (41.9%). The difference in frequency of the anterior type of maxillary type of the right side (35.7%) and left (47.1%) did not have statistical significance (p = 0.524). CONCLUSION: We found a frequency of 41.9% of lacrimal recesses in the maxillary sinuses.

  4. Volumetric changes of the graft after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone in different ratios: a radiographic study in minipigs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Thomas; Schou, Søren; Svendsen, Patricia A; Forman, Julie Lyng; Gundersen, Hans Jørgen G; Terheyden, Hendrik; Holmstrup, Palle

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The objective of the present study was to learn about the volumetric changes of the graft after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone from the iliac crest or the mandible in different ratios in minipigs. Material and methods: Bilateral maxillary sinus floor augmentation was performed in 40 minipigs with: (A) 100% autogenous bone, (B) 75% autogenous bone and 25% Bio-Oss, (C) 50% autogenous bone and 50% Bio-Oss, (D) 25% autogenous bone and 75% Bio-Oss, and ...

  5. Use of autogenous bone and beta-tricalcium phosphate in maxillary sinus lifting : a prospective, randomized, volumetric computed tomography study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gorla, L F de O; Spin-Neto, R

    2015-01-01

    The correction of bone defects can be performed using autogenous or alloplastic materials, such as beta-tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP). This study compared the changes in bone volume (CBV) after maxillary sinus lifting using autogenous bone (n=12), autogenous bone associated with ?-TCP 1:1 (ChronOS; DePuy Synthes, Paoli, CA, USA) (n=9), and ?-TCP alone (n=11) as grafting material, by means of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). CBV was evaluated by comparing CBCT scans obtained in the immediate postoperative period (5-7 days) and at 6 months postoperative in each group using OsiriX software (OsiriX Foundation, Geneva, Switzerland). The results showed an average resorption of 45.7±18.6% for the autogenous bone group, 43.8±18.4% for the autogenous bone+?-TCP group, and 38.3±16.6% for the ?-TCP group. All bone substitute materials tested in this study presented satisfactory results for maxillary sinus lifting procedures regarding the maintenance of graft volume during the healing phase before the insertion of implants, as assessed by means of CBCT.

  6. Large Reactional Osteogenesis in Maxillary Sinus Associated with Secondary Root Canal Infection Detected Using Cone-beam Computed Tomography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estrela, Carlos; Porto, Olavo César Lyra; Costa, Nádia Lago; da Silva Garrote, Marcel; Decurcio, Daniel Almeida; Bueno, Mike R; de Freitas Silva, Brunno Santos

    2015-12-01

    Inflammatory injuries in the maxillary sinus may originate from root canal infections and lead to bone resorption or regeneration. This report describes the radiographic findings of 4 asymptomatic clinical cases of large reactional osteogenesis in the maxillary sinus (MS) associated with secondary root canal infection detected using cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging. Apical periodontitis, a consequence of root canal infection, may lead to a periosteal reaction in the MS and osteogenesis seen as a radiopaque structure on imaging scans. The use of a map-reading strategy for the longitudinal and sequential slices of CBCT images may contribute to the definition of diagnoses and treatment plans. Root canal infections may lead to reactional osteogenesis in the MS. High-resolution CBCT images may reveal changes that go unnoticed when using conventional imaging. Findings may help define initial diagnoses and therapeutic plans, but only histopathology provides a definitive diagnosis. Surgical enucleation of the periapical lesion is recommended if nonsurgical root canal treatment fails to control apical periodontitis. PMID:26478436

  7. Use of autogenous bone and beta-tricalcium phosphate in maxillary sinus lifting: a prospective, randomized, volumetric computed tomography study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorla, L F de O; Spin-Neto, R; Boos, F B D J; Pereira, R Dos S; Garcia-Junior, I R; Hochuli-Vieira, E

    2015-12-01

    The correction of bone defects can be performed using autogenous or alloplastic materials, such as beta-tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP). This study compared the changes in bone volume (CBV) after maxillary sinus lifting using autogenous bone (n=12), autogenous bone associated with ?-TCP 1:1 (ChronOS; DePuy Synthes, Paoli, CA, USA) (n=9), and ?-TCP alone (n=11) as grafting material, by means of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). CBV was evaluated by comparing CBCT scans obtained in the immediate postoperative period (5-7 days) and at 6 months postoperative in each group using OsiriX software (OsiriX Foundation, Geneva, Switzerland). The results showed an average resorption of 45.7±18.6% for the autogenous bone group, 43.8±18.4% for the autogenous bone+?-TCP group, and 38.3±16.6% for the ?-TCP group. All bone substitute materials tested in this study presented satisfactory results for maxillary sinus lifting procedures regarding the maintenance of graft volume during the healing phase before the insertion of implants, as assessed by means of CBCT. PMID:26232120

  8. A novel approach revealing the effect of a collagenous membrane on osteoconduction in maxillary sinus floor elevation with ?-tricalcium phosphate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EAJM Schulten

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Calcium phosphates are used in maxillary sinus floor elevation (MSFE procedures to increase bone height prior to dental implant placement. Whether a collagenous barrier membrane coverage of the lateral window affects bone formation within a bone substitute augmentation is currently an important matter of debate, since its benefit has not been irrefutably proven. Therefore, in this clinical study twelve patients underwent an MSFE procedure with ?-tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP. The lateral window was either left uncovered, or covered with a resorbable collagenous barrier membrane. After a 6-months healing period, bone biopsies were retrieved during implant placement. Consecutive 1 mm regions of interest of these biopsies were assessed for bone formation, resorption parameters, as well as bone architecture using histology, histomorphometry and micro-computed tomography. Comparable outcomes between the groups with and without membrane were observed regarding osteoconduction rate, bone and graft volume, osteoclast number and structural parameters of newly formed bone per region of interest. However, osteoid volume in grafted maxillary sinus floors without membrane was significantly higher than with membrane. In conclusion, our results – obtained with a novel method employed using 1 mm regions of interest – demonstrate that the clinical application of a bioresorbable collagenous barrier membrane covering the lateral window, after an MSFE procedure with ?-TCP, was not beneficial for bone regeneration and even decreased osteoid production which might lead to diminished bone formation in the long run.

  9. Meta-analysis of the increase in height in maxillary sinus elevations with osteotome

    OpenAIRE

    Antonaya-Mira, Rocío; Barona-Dorado, Cristina; Martínez-Rodríguez, Natalia; Cáceres-Madroño, Esther; Martínez-González, José M.

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: To compare the different variations of sinus elevation techniques with osteotomes, to evaluate the increase in height achieved, and to quantify the osseointegration periods and the success rates for the implants placed. Study Design: A meta-analytic study with descriptive statistics was carried out on sinus elevations using osteotomes, analyzing a total of 11 articles published between the years 2003 and 2008. Results: Summers’ classic technique for performing sinus elevat...

  10. Análise microbiológica em secreção de seio maxilar nos pacientes com rinossinusite crônica / Maxillary sinuses microbiology from patients with chronic rhinosinusitis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Karina, Mantovani; Andréia Alessandra, Bisanha; Ricardo Cassiano, Demarco; Edwin, Tamashiro; Roberto, Martinez; Wilma Terezinha, Anselmo-Lima.

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Não existem dados definitivos e consistentes sobre a real distribuição dos microorganismos presentes em pacientes com Rinossinusite Crônica (RSC). A variabilidade dos resultados de estudos em RSC deve-se às diferentes técnicas utilizadas como método de coleta, variações nos métodos de cultura, uso p [...] révio de antibiótico, dificuldade de se distinguir agentes colonizadores e patogênicos. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Clínico-prospectivo. OBJETIVO: Estudar a incidência dos microrganismos presentes nos pacientes com RSC na nossa região, através da cultura da secreção do seio maxilar, coletada sob visão endoscópica. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal em 62 pacientes com RSC, submetidos à coleta de secreção de seio maxilar por via endoscópica, com material enviado para cultura para diagnóstico microbiológico. RESULTADOS: Das 62 amostras estudadas, em 33 (53,2%) não houve crescimento de microrganismos; 29 (45,2%) apresentaram isolamento de aeróbios; um caso (1,6%) mostrou crescimento de fungo; não houve o isolamento de microrganismos anaeróbios. Pseudomonas aeruginosa foi isolada com maior frequência - em 8 amostras (27,6%), Staphylococcus aureus e Staphylococcus epidermidis em 4 amostras cada um (13,9%), Streptococcus pneumoniae em 3 amostras (10,4%), outros Gram-negativos em 17 amostras (31%). CONCLUSÃO: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, outras bactérias Gram-negativas e Staphylococcus spp constituíram a microbiota predominante nos seios paranasais de pacientes com RSC. Abstract in english There isn't definitive and consistent data concerning the distribution of bacterial species in patients with Chronic Sinusitis (CS). The variability of the results from studies in CS may be due to the different techniques used as collection method, variations in culture methods, previous antibiotic [...] use, and difficulty in distinguishing bacterial flora from pathogenic agents. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical prospective. AIM: To identify the incidence of microorganisms in patients with CRS by growing bacteria from the secretion of the maxillary sinus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study in 62 patients that had undergone FESS for treatment of chronic sinusitis; cultures from the maxillary sinus were obtained. RESULTS: 62 samples, 33 (53.2%) had no growth; 29 (45.2%) counts of aerobic bacteria; one case (1.6%) of fungus growth; we did not find anaerobic bacteria. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the one more frequently found - 8 samples (27.6%), Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis in 4 samples each; Streptococcus pneumoniae in 3 samples (10.4%); other Gram negative agents in 17 samples (31%). CONCLUSION: In the present study we concluded that Pseudomonas aeruginosa, other Gram negatives bacteria and Staphylococcus spp were the representatives of the bacterial flora found in the paranasal sinuses of patients with CS.

  11. Quantitative skeletal scintiscanning of the skull with 99mTc-Sn-pyrophosphate in patients with maxillary sinusitis as compared to healthy persons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 19 healthy persons the normal storage pattern of the skull was quantitatively established with the aid of sup(99n)Tc-Sn-pyrophospate. Moreover 48 patients with chronic maxillary sinusitis were tested to find out whether and in which percentage pathological storage occurred. (orig./MG)

  12. Multidisciplinary therapy consisting of minimally invasive resection, irradiation, and intra-arterial infusion of 5-fluorouracil for resectable T3/T4 maxillary sinus carcinomas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Current goals for the treatment of maxillary sinus carcinoma include preservation of vision, eating, communication, and appearance as well as cure. 121 Japanese patients who presented with maxillary sinus carcinoma between 1979 and 2005 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 77 males and 44 females, with a median age of 63 years. All patients underwent multimodality therapy including surgery through a sublabial incision, radiotherapy, and intra-arterial chemotherapy. The regional lymph nodes were treated only in patients with neck involvement. Mean follow-up period was 79 months. The 5-year overall survival rates and local control rates were 73% and 72%, respectively. The 5-year local control rates for patients with T2 lesions were 71%; for patients with T3 lesions, 88%; and for patients with T4a lesions, 60%; and for patients with T4b lesions, 56%. In patients with squamous cell carcinoma, the 5-year local control rates were 76%. In patients with non-squamous cell carcinoma, the 5-year local control rates were 54%. There was significant difference in local control rates among these groups. Control of the primary site is important in the curative treatment of maxillary sinus carcinoma. Combined therapy with conservative surgery, radiotherapy, and regional chemotherapy is an effective method for maxillary sinus carcinoma. (author)

  13. Histological evaluation of maxillary sinus floor augmentation with recombinant human growth and differentiation factor-5-coated ?-tricalcium phosphate : results of a multicenter randomized clinical trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stavropoulos, Andreas; Becker, Jürgen

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this prospective, multicenter, randomized clinical trial was to evaluate histologically the outcome of maxillary sinus lift augmentation with a recombinant human growth and differentiation factor-5-coated ?-tricalcium phosphate (rhGDF-5/?-TCP) or with a ?-TCP and autogenous bone (?-TCP/AB) composite.

  14. Sinus lifting before Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy: a suitable method for oral rehabilitation of edentulous patients with skelettal class-III conditions: review of the literature and report of a case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meyer Ulrich

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Functional rehabilitation of patients afflicted with severe mandibular and maxillary alveolar atrophy might be challenging especially in malformed patients. Methods Treatment planning using sinus lifting and implant placement before Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy in a patient with severe mandibular and posterior maxillary alveolar atrophy and skelettal class-III conditions due to cleft palate are described. Results A full functional and esthetic rehabilitation of the patient was achieved by a stepwise surgical approach performed through sinus lifting as the primary approach followed by implant placement and subsequent Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy to correct the maxillo-mandibular relation. Conclusion Stabilisation of the maxillary complex by a sinus lifting procedure in combination with computer aided implant placement as preorthodontic planning procedure before Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy seems to be suitable in order to allow ideal oral rehabilitation especially in malformed patients.

  15. Quantitative analyses of maxillary sinus using computed tomography / Análise quantitativa dos seios maxilares por meio da tomografia computadorizada

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Andréia, Perella; Sara dos Santos, Rocha; Marcelo de Gusmão Paraiso, Cavalcanti.

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a precisão e acurácia de medidas lineares da região de seio maxilar realizadas em filmes tomográficos, por meio de comparação com a reconstrução da imagem em 3D. Medidas lineares de ambos os seios maxilares foram realizadas em tomografias computadorizadas (2D-TC [...] ) de 17 pacientes, normais e com lesão, por dois examinadores, calibrados, separadamente, duas vezes cada um, utilizando um compasso. Um terceiro observador realizou as mesmas medidas eletronicamente na reconstrução 3D-TC. ANOVA (análise de variância) foi utilizado para análise estatística. A porcentagem de erro intra-examinadores foi pequena em ambos os casos, com ou sem lesão, variando de 1,14% a 1,82%. O erro inter-examinadores foi maior alcançando o valor de 2,08% .O erro percentual de acurácia nas amostras com lesão foram maiores comparando-as às que não tinham lesão. A tomografia computadorizada em 2D-TC (Em filmes e estação de trabalho independente) proporcionou precisão e acurácia adequadas para análise dos seios maxilares. "O erro foi maior no caso de seios maxilares com lesão,comparando aos lados sem lesão, tanto inter quanto intra-examinadores, sem alterar, porém, a eficácia do método." Abstract in english The aim of this study was to evaluate the precision and accuracy of linear measurements of maxillary sinus made in tomographic films, by comparing with 3D reconstructed images. Linear measurements of both maxillary sinus in computed tomography CT of 17 patients, with or without lesion by two calibra [...] ted examiners independently, on two occasions, with a single manual caliper. A third examiner has done the same measurements electronically in 3D-CT reconstruction. The statistical analysis was performed using ANOVA (analyses of variance). Intra-observer percentage error was little in both cases, with and without lesion; it ranged from 1.14% to 1.82%. The inter-observer error was a little higher reaching a 2.08% value. The accuracy presented a higher value. The perceptual accuracy error was higher in samples, which had lesion compared to that which had not. CT had provided adequate precision and accuracy for maxillary sinus analyses. The precision in cases with lesion was considered inferior when compared to that without lesion, but it can't affect the method efficacy.

  16. Studies on serum protein fractions of patients with maxillary sinus cancer undergoing a combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    39 cases of maxillary sinus cancer were treated with combined intra-arterial infusion of bleomycin and external irradiation of 60Co?-ray. Serum protein fractions in the sera of 39 cases of maxillary sinus cancer were examined through the radial immunodiffusion method, 1) before radiation treatment was given, 2) at the completion of radiation therapy and 3) after radiation therapy, ranging from 1 month to 36 months. The sera obtained from patients with maxillary sinus cancer before treatment had concentrations of: ?1-acid glycoprotein (?1AG), ?1-antitrypsin (?1AT), ?1-chymotrypsin (?1X), haptoglobin (Hp), ceruloplasmin (Cp), ?1C/A glycoprotein (C3), hemopexin (Hx), IgG and of IgA which were elevated compared with those of normal controls: However, the serum concentrations of: prealbumin (Prealb), albumin (Alb), transferrin (Tf), ?2-macroglobulin (?2M), HS-glycoprotein (?2HS) and of IgM were reduced significantly. At the completion of radiation therapy, the concentrations of: Prealb, Tf, ?1AG, ?1X, Hx, C3, IgG, IgA and of IgM rose slightly as compared with levels before radiation therapy, and the concentrations of Alb, of ?2HS and of ?1AT were reduced. However, there was no significant difference between the former and the latter data. In patients who died within 12 months after treatment, the Prealb, Alb, Tf, ?2HS, and IgM levels examined before radiation therapy were reduced and the ?1AG level was elevated compared with those who had lived more than 13 months. The Prealb, Alb, Tf, and IgM levels, after radiation therapy were reduced; while the ?1AG, Hp, and ?1X levels were elevated. In patients who had lived more than 13 months, after treatment, concentrations of Prealb, of Alb, of Tf, of C3, of Hx, of IgG, of IgA and of IgM rose before and after radiation therapy, compared with those who died within 12 months. (author)

  17. Repair and prevention of cerebrospinal fluid leakage in transsphenoidal surgery: a sphenoid sinus mucosa technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amano, Kosaku; Hori, Tomokatsu; Kawamata, Takakazu; Okada, Yoshikazu

    2016-01-01

    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage is a common but sometimes serious complication after transsphenoidal surgery (TSS). To avoid this postsurgical complication, we usually repair the CSF leaking area using an autologous material, such as fat, fascia, or muscle graft and sometimes nasonasal septal flap. In this report, we propose a technique using a novel autologous material, sphenoid sinus mucosa (SSM), to repair intraoperative CSF leakage or prevent it postoperatively. On 26 February 2007, we introduced the technique of using SSM to repair or prevent CSF leakage in TSS. Until 30th of June 2014, we performed 500 TSSs for patients with pituitary or parasellar lesions. They were 195 men and 305 women with a mean age of 48.5 years (range, 5-85 years). We used SSM for patching or suturing the arachnoid laceration or dural defect, in lieu of fat or fascia harvested from abdomen or thigh, or made pedicle flap of SSM instead of nasonasal septal flap to cover the sellar floor. Comparing the previous 539 cases not using these techniques before 26 February 2007, intraoperative CSF leakage increased from 49 to 69.4 % (p?

  18. Bilateral SUNCT syndrome associated to chronic maxillary sinus disease / Síndrome SUNCT de ocorrência bilateral associada a sinusopatia maxilar crônica

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Denis Bernardi, Bichuetti; Wellington Yugo, Yamaoka; João Ricardo Parrela, Bastos; Deusvenir de Souza, Carvalho.

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available A síndrome SUNCT (short lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with conjuntival injection and tearing) é definida como curtos ataques de dor periorbital unilateral, acompanhada de lacrimejamento e hiperemia conjuntival ipsilateral. Apresentamos um raro caso de SUNCT com dor bilateral com evolução [...] de cinco anos e iniciado após uma infecção de seio maxilar que evoluiu para sinusite crônica. Esta associação foi descrita em poucos casos de SUNCT, porém pouco esclarecida. O paciente era um homem de 58 anos que preencheu um diário de dor que demonstrou o típico padrão circadiano da síndrome, com pioras matinais e vespertinas, e apresentou melhora com uso de gabapentina. Submetido a cirurgia endoscópica funcional em seio maxilar e evoluiu com modulação da dor, sugerindo um potencial efeito benéfico após tratamento da sinusopatia.Na revisão de literatura encontramos 21 casos de SUNCT bilateral, cinco dos quais apresentavam história de sinusite; no entanto, a relação entre as duas entidades permanece ainda incerta. Abstract in english SUNCT syndrome (short lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with conjuntival injection and tearing) is defined as short attacks of periorbital unilateral pain and accompanied by ipsilateral lacrimation and redness of the same eye. We present an unusual SUNCT case with bilateral pain that started [...] five years ago after an acute maxillary sinus infection that evolved to chronic sinusitis. This association has been described in few SUNCT cases, but its causal role remains uncertain. The patient was a 58 years old man that fulfilled a headache diary that showed the usual circadian pattern, worsening in the morning and afternoon, and responded to treatment with gabapentina. He was submitted to a functional endoscopic sinus surgery and evolved with milder pain. In a review of 21 patients, 5 had a past medical history of sinusitis, but the causal role of this association remained uncertain.

  19. Bilateral SUNCT syndrome associated to chronic maxillary sinus disease Síndrome SUNCT de ocorrência bilateral associada a sinusopatia maxilar crônica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Bernardi Bichuetti

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available SUNCT syndrome (short lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with conjuntival injection and tearing is defined as short attacks of periorbital unilateral pain and accompanied by ipsilateral lacrimation and redness of the same eye. We present an unusual SUNCT case with bilateral pain that started five years ago after an acute maxillary sinus infection that evolved to chronic sinusitis. This association has been described in few SUNCT cases, but its causal role remains uncertain. The patient was a 58 years old man that fulfilled a headache diary that showed the usual circadian pattern, worsening in the morning and afternoon, and responded to treatment with gabapentina. He was submitted to a functional endoscopic sinus surgery and evolved with milder pain. In a review of 21 patients, 5 had a past medical history of sinusitis, but the causal role of this association remained uncertain.A síndrome SUNCT (short lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with conjuntival injection and tearing é definida como curtos ataques de dor periorbital unilateral, acompanhada de lacrimejamento e hiperemia conjuntival ipsilateral. Apresentamos um raro caso de SUNCT com dor bilateral com evolução de cinco anos e iniciado após uma infecção de seio maxilar que evoluiu para sinusite crônica. Esta associação foi descrita em poucos casos de SUNCT, porém pouco esclarecida. O paciente era um homem de 58 anos que preencheu um diário de dor que demonstrou o típico padrão circadiano da síndrome, com pioras matinais e vespertinas, e apresentou melhora com uso de gabapentina. Submetido a cirurgia endoscópica funcional em seio maxilar e evoluiu com modulação da dor, sugerindo um potencial efeito benéfico após tratamento da sinusopatia.Na revisão de literatura encontramos 21 casos de SUNCT bilateral, cinco dos quais apresentavam história de sinusite; no entanto, a relação entre as duas entidades permanece ainda incerta.

  20. Complementary role of MR imaging of ethmomaxillary sinus disease depicted at CT in cystic fibrosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To assess whether MR imaging can improve characterization of ethmomaxillary opacification diagnosed at CT in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) in order to select patients that may benefit from functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Material and methods: Sixty-two CF patients (26 females and 36 males) aged 4-50 years (median 20 years) with ethmomaxillary sinus disease at CT underwent MR examination of the paranasal sinuses (coronal T1 and STIR sequences). FESS had been performed in 28 of the patients prior to this study. MR signal intensities were interpreted as mucosal thickening or infectious material, according to a previous study. Results: Three major maxillary sinus MR patterns could be distinguished: Air-filled, oval-shaped pus-filled, and streaky-shaped pus-filled sinus lumen. For air-filled maxillary sinuses with mucosal thickening, CT and MR imaging were diagnostically equivalent. Where CT showed homogeneous opacification of the maxillary sinuses, MR imaging differentiated between thickened mucosa and pus-filled areas. Patients who had undergone FESS most commonly had air-filled or streaky-shaped pus-filled maxillary sinus lumen. In non-operated patients oval-shaped pus-filled sinus lumen was most common and could occur without ethmoid disease. Conclusion: MR imaging of the paranasal sinuses can differentiate between infectious material and thickened mucosa and should be used to select CF patients with pus-filled areas that can be eradicated with FESS

  1. Reliability of Periapical Radiographs and Orthopantomograms in Detection of Tooth Root Protrusion in the Maxillary Sinus: Correlation Results with Cone Beam Computed Tomography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bassam A. Hassan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the reliability of both periapical radiographs and orthopantomograms for exact detection of tooth root protrusion in the maxillary sinus by correlating the results with cone beam computed tomography.Material and methods: A database of 1400 patients scanned with cone beam computed tomography (CBCT was searched for matching periapical (PA radiographs and orthopantogram (OPG images of maxillary premolars and molars. Matching OPG images datasets of 101 patients with 628 teeth and PA radiographs datasets of 93 patients with 359 teeth were identified. Four observers assessed the relationship between the apex of tooth root and the maxillary sinus per tooth on PA radiographs, OPG and CBCT images using the following classification: root tip is in the sinus (class 1, root tip is against the sinus wall (class 2 and root tip is not in the sinus (class 3.Results: Overall correlation between OPG and CBCT images scores was 50%, 26% and 56.1% for class 1, class 2 and class 3, respectively (Cohen’s kappa [weighted] = 0.1. Overall correlation between PA radiographs and CBCT images was 75.8%, 15.8% and 56.9% for class 1, class 2 and class 3, respectively (Cohen’s kappa [weighted] = 0.24. In both the OPG images and the PA radiographs datasets, class 1 correlation was most frequently observed with the first and second molars.Conclusions: The results demonstrated that both periapical radiographs and orthopantomograms are not reliable in determination of exact relationship between the apex of tooth root and the maxillary sinus floor. Periapical radiography is slightly more reliable than orthopantomography in determining this relationship.

  2. Endoscopic Modified Medial Maxillectomy for Resection of an Inverted Papilloma Originating from the Entire Circumference of the Maxillary Sinus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wada, Kota; Ishigaki, Takashi; Ida, Yutaro; Yamada, Yuki; Hosono, Sachiko; Edamatsu, Hideo

    2015-01-01

    For treatment of a sinonasal inverted papilloma (IP), it is essential to have a definite diagnosis, to identify its origin by computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and to select the appropriate surgical approach based on the staging system proposed by Krouse. Recently, a new surgical approach named endoscopic modified medial maxillectomy (EMMM) was proposed. This approach can preserve the inferior turbinate and nasolacrimal duct. We successfully treated sinonasal IP with EMMM in a 71-year-old female patient. In this patient, the sinonasal IP originated from the entire circumference of the maxillary sinus. EMMM is not a difficult procedure and provides good visibility of the operative field. Lacrimation and empty nose syndrome do not occur postoperatively as the nasolacrimal duct and inferior turbinate are preserved. EMMM is considered to be a very favorable approach for treatment of sinonasal IP. PMID:26146581

  3. IMRT vs. 3D Noncoplanar Treatment Plans for Maxillary Sinus Tumors: A New Tool for Quantitative Evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We compared 9-field, equispaced intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), 4- to 5-field, directionally optimized IMRT, and 3-dimensional (3D) noncoplanar planning approaches for tumors of the maxillary sinus. Ten patients were planned retrospectively to compare the different treatment techniques. Prescription doses were 60 to 70 Gy. Critical structures contoured included optic nerves and chiasm, lacrimal glands, lenses, and retinas. As an aid for plan assessment, we introduced a new tool: Critical Organ Scoring Index (COSI), which allows quantitative evaluation of the tradeoffs between target coverage and critical organ sparing. This index was compared with other, commonly used conformity indices. For a reliable assessment of both tumor coverage and dose to critical organs in the different planning techniques, we introduced a 2D, graphical representation of COSI vs. conformity index (CI). Dose-volume histograms and mean, maximum, and minimum organ doses were also compared. IMRT plans delivered lower doses to ipsilateral structures, but were unable to spare them. 3D plans delivered less dose to contralateral structures, and were more homogeneous, as well. Both IMRT approaches gave similar results. In cases where choice of optimal plan was difficult, the novel 2D COSI-CI representation gave an accurate picture of the tradeoffs between target coverage and organ sparing, even in cases where other conformity indices failed. Due to their unique anatomy, maxillary sinus tumors may benefit more from a noncoplanar approach than from IMRT. The new graphical representation proposed is a quick, visual, reliable tool, which may facilitate the physician's choice of best treatment plan for a given patient

  4. Estudio Morfométrico del Seno Maxilar Mediante Tomografías Computadorizadas: Evaluación de la Reconstrucción Total de Piso Sinusal Morphometric Study of Maxillary Sinus by Computed Tomography: Assessment of Sinus Floor Bone Reconstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Hemerson de Moraes

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available La rehabilitación con implantes dentales en maxila posterior es compleja debido a la presencia del seno maxilar con sus diferentes variaciones anatómicas; el objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar el volumen óseo intrasinusal necesario para realizar la instalación de uno o mas implantes dentarios sin invadir la membrana sinusal. En 22 cráneos fueron evaluados 40 senos maxilares mediante tomografías computadorizadas (TC realizando mediciones en los cortes axiales, coronales y sagitales. Se clasificaron los senos maxilares según el remanente de hueso alveolar y se instalo un implante de forma virtual en el lugar del primer molar superior, mediante el software implant view. Con estas medidas volumétricas finales se estableció las indicaciones reconstructivas intra sinusales a partir de los sitios donantes intrabucales mas frecuentemente evaluados en la literatura mundial. El grupo I (1mm a 4mm de reborde alveolar remanente presentaba déficit óseo de hasta 1,98cm3, el grupo II (4mm a 7mm presentaba déficit de 1,06cm3; el grupo III (7mm a 10mm presentaba un déficit de 0,67 cm3; a partir de estos resultados podemos concluir que los sitios intrabucales pueden ser utilizados en la mayoría de los grupo estudiados, incluyendo las reconstrucciones bilaterales.Rehabilitation with dental implants in posterior maxilla is difficult because of the presence of maxillary sinus with anatomical variations. The aim of this research was to evaluate the sinus volume to install one or more implants without invading the sinus membrane. Forty (40 maxillary sinuses were evaluated in 22 skulls by computed tomography measuring in the axial, coronal and sagittal slice. The sinus were classified according to the remaining alveolar bone and a dental implant in the place of the upper first molar was virtually installed by implant view software. With this final volumetric measurement the surgical indications were established for inlay reconstruction from intra oral donor sites frequently evaluated in world literature. Group I (1mm to 4mm of alveolar ridge showed a bone deficit of 1.98 cm3, group II (4mm to 7mm showed a deficit of 1.06 cm3; group III (7mm to 10mm showed a 0.67 cm3 deficit. In view of these results we concluded that intra oral donor site can be used for the three study groups and in some cases in bilateral reconstruction.

  5. Combined therapy with surgery, radiation and chemotherapy for T3-T4 squamous cell carcinoma of maxillary sinus. National Cancer Center Hospital East experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since 1960's, many institutes treated carcinoma of maxillary sinus with combined therapy: surgery, radiation, and intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy in Japan. On the other hands, surgery followed by radiation or chemoradiation is the standard option of treatment for sinonasal carcinoma in western countries. This study reports the NCCHE's 14-year experience with maxillary squamous cell cancer, treated with surgical resection followed by radiation, or trimodal combination therapy. Eighty-seven previously untreated, T3-T4 status patients with squamous cell carcinoma of maxillary sinus underwent treatment at our division. During the average follow-up period of 85.9 months, the 5-year overall survival and local control rate were 47.3% and 60%, respectively. The 5-year overall survival among the patients had T3 and T4a tumor were 59.0% and 51.6%. However, all patients with T4b tumor died, their median survival time was 9.1 months. Almost all patients had T3 and T4b were treated with trimodal therapy, a third patient of T4a status underwent treatment with surgery followed by radiation. There was no difference in overall survival according to treatment in T4a patients. We should consider the other approach for treatment, like superselective high-dose cisplatin infusion with concomitant radiotherapy in patients with advanced cancer of maxillary sinus in future. (author)

  6. Bone dynamics in the upward direction after a maxillary sinus floor elevation procedure: serial segmentation using synchrotron radiation micro-computed tomography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seo SJ

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Seung-Jun Seo,1,* Chung Wung Bark,2,* Jae-Hong Lim,1 Yong-Gun Kim3 1Industrial Technology Convergence Center, Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, POSTECH, Pohang, Gyeongbuk, 2Department of Electrical Engineering, Gachon University, Seongnam, 3Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea *These authors contributed equally to this work Objective: Maxillary sinus floor augmentation has been shown to be the most predictable surgical technique for enhancing the bone volume in the posterior area of the maxilla. The purpose of this study was to analyze the serial slice image segmentation of newly formed bone and bone substitutes after sinus floor elevation using synchrotron radiation X-ray micro-computed tomography (SR-µCT.Materials and methods: Bone biopsy specimens were collected after 6 months of sinus floor augmentation. From the six bone biopsy specimens, the cross-sectional images at every 8 µm along the apical direction from the inferior border using serial segmentation from three-dimensional reconstructed X-ray images were analyzed. The amount of new bone and bone substitutes were measured at each slicing image (300–430 images per specimen.Results: The bone dynamics between the new bone and bone substitutes along the inferior–superior direction in humans after maxillary sinus floor elevation (MSFE were analyzed using the whole sample region. Although these observations suggest that the specimens are structurally inhomogeneous, sinus floor elevation was confirmed to be a reliable surgical procedure for increasing the amount of bone.Conclusion: SR-µCT is highly effective for obtaining high-resolution images. An analysis of biological specimens using SR-µCT is quite reliable and this technique will be an important tool in the wide field of tissue engineering. Keywords: maxillary sinus floor elevation, synchrotron radiation, micro-computed tomography, serial segmentation, new bone formation

  7. Maxillary sinus augmentation: collagen membrane over the osteotomy window. A pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.S. Marchionni

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim Implant rehabilitation has become a very reliable and safe procedure. However, in some cases, a small amount of bone could make implant surgery extremely difficult or even impossible. Hence, a surgical technique to augment sinus floor has been developed and improved. Nevertheless, there is still controversy over the use of a membrane over the osteotomy window. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether the use of a membrane could be beneficial in sinus floor augmentation. Materials and methods A group of 12 patients requiring sinus floor lift were recruited. The patients were randomly allocated to either control group (membrane or test group (no membrane and only one sinus for patient was augmented. After 6 months, a bone biopsy was harvested from the lateral window to be processed for histological analysis. Results The mean amount of newly formed bone in test group was 28.0±19.5%, the connective tissue accounted for a mean value of 59.2±15.6%, while 12.8±12.6% was the amount of residual graft particles. In the membrane group the newly formed bone counted for a mean value of 30.4±15.8%, the mean quantity of connective tissue was 50.3±18.9% and about residual graft particles a mean value of 18.2±20.4% was registered. Conclusion According to our data, the use of a membrane over the lateral bone wall in sinus lift surgery does not significantly influence healing. However, the membrane could influence the residual particles resorption rate as well as soft tissue ingrowth.

  8. Bone-to-implant contact after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone in different ratios in mini pigs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Thomas; Schou, Søren; Gundersen, Hans Jørgen G; Forman, Julie Lyng; Terheyden, Hendrik; Holmstrup, Palle

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: The objective was to test the hypotheses: (i) no differences in bone-to-implant contact formation, and (ii) no differences between the use of autogenous mandibular or iliac bone grafts, when autogenous bone, Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone, or Bio-Oss is used as graft for the...... maxillary sinus floor augmentation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Bilateral sinus floor augmentation was performed in 40 mini pigs with: (A) 100% autogenous bone, (B) 75% autogenous bone and 25% Bio-Oss, (C) 50% autogenous bone and 50% Bio-Oss, (D) 25% autogenous bone and 75% Bio-Oss, or (E) 100% Bio-Oss...

  9. Analysis of the Bacterial Flora in the Nasal Cavity and the Sphenoid Sinus Mucosa in Patients Operated on with an Endoscopic Endonasal Transsphenoidal Approach

    OpenAIRE

    SHIBAO, Shunsuke; Toda, Masahiro; TOMITA, Toshiki; Ogawa, Kaoru; YOSHIDA, Kazunari

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze the bacterial flora in the nasal cavity and sphenoid sinus and evaluate the sensitivity of these bacteria to antibiotics that can be used to prevent postoperative meningitis. Bacteria of the preoperative nasal cavity and intraoperative sphenoid sinus mucosa were cultured and analyzed in 40 patients (20 men and 20 women; mean age, 52.2 years) who underwent endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery. The sensitivity of these bacteria to cephalosporin, a representati...

  10. The use of injectable sonication-induced silk hydrogel for VEGF165 and BMP-2 delivery for elevation of the maxillary sinus floor

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, WenJie; Wang, Xiuli; Wang, Shaoyi; Zhao, Jun; Xu, Lianyi; Zhu, Chao; Zeng, Deliang; CHEN, JAKE; Zhang, Zhiyuan; Kaplan, David L.; Jiang, Xinquan

    2011-01-01

    Sonication-induced silk hydrogels were previously prepared as an injectable bone replacement biomaterial, with a need to improve osteogenic features. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF165) and bone morphogenic protein-2 (BMP-2) are key regulators of angiogenesis and osteogenesis, respectively, during bone regeneration. Therefore, the present study aimed at evaluating in situ forming silk hydrogels as a vehicle to encapsulate dual factors for rabbit maxillary sinus floor augmentation. So...

  11. A Case of Extensive Wound Myiasis Caused by Lucilia sericata (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in a Patient with Maxillary Sinus Squamous Cell Carci¬noma, in Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Filiz Demirel-Kaya; Ömer Orkun; Ay?e Çakmak; A Ça?kan ?nkaya; Murat Öcal; Sibel Erguven

    2016-01-01

    The larvae causing myiasis can lead extensive tissue destruction, invasion into deep tissues and secondary infec­tions. Poor hygiene, low socioeconomic condition and presence of open wounds are the most important predisposing factors. This case report describes destructive wound myiasis in a 58-year-old male patient diagnosed with maxillary sinus squamous cell carcinoma who lives in a rural area in Ankara, Turkey. Approximately 200 larvae were collected and identified as Lucilia sericata by m...

  12. Volumetric changes of the graft after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone in different ratios: a radiographic study in minipigs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Thomas; Schou, SØren

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The objective of the present study was to learn about the volumetric changes of the graft after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone from the iliac crest or the mandible in different ratios in minipigs. Material and methods: Bilateral maxillary sinus floor augmentation was performed in 40 minipigs with: (A) 100% autogenous bone, (B) 75% autogenous bone and 25% Bio-Oss, (C) 50% autogenous bone and 50% Bio-Oss, (D) 25% autogenous bone and 75% Bio-Oss, and (E) 100% Bio-Oss. The autogenous bone graft was harvested from the iliac crest or the mandible and the graft composition was selected at random and placed concomitant with implant placement. Computed tomographies of the maxillary sinuses were obtained preoperatively, immediately postoperatively, and at euthanasia after 12 weeks. The volumetric changes of the graft were estimated using the Cavalieri principle and expressed as mean percentage with a 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: The mean volume of the graft was reduced by (A) 65% (95% CI: 60-70%), (B) 38% (95% CI: 35-41%), (C) 23% (95% CI: 21-25%), (D) 16% (95% CI: 12-21%), and (E) 6% (95% CI: 4-8%). The volumetric reduction was significantly influenced by the ratio of Bio-Oss and autogenous bone (P

  13. Volumetric changes of the graft after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone in different ratios : a radiographic study in minipigs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Thomas; Schou, SØren

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The objective of the present study was to learn about the volumetric changes of the graft after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone from the iliac crest or the mandible in different ratios in minipigs. Material and methods: Bilateral maxillary sinus floor augmentation was performed in 40 minipigs with: (A) 100% autogenous bone, (B) 75% autogenous bone and 25% Bio-Oss, (C) 50% autogenous bone and 50% Bio-Oss, (D) 25% autogenous bone and 75% Bio-Oss, and (E) 100% Bio-Oss. The autogenous bone graft was harvested from the iliac crest or the mandible and the graft composition was selected at random and placed concomitant with implant placement. Computed tomographies of the maxillary sinuses were obtained preoperatively, immediately postoperatively, and at euthanasia after 12 weeks. The volumetric changes of the graft were estimated using the Cavalieri principle and expressed as mean percentage with a 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: The mean volume of the graft was reduced by (A) 65% (95% CI: 60-70%), (B) 38% (95% CI: 35-41%), (C) 23% (95% CI: 21-25%), (D) 16% (95% CI: 12-21%), and (E) 6% (95% CI: 4-8%). The volumetric reduction was significantly influenced by the ratio of Bio-Oss and autogenous bone (P

  14. Effect of LCD monitor type and observer experience on diagnostic performance in soft-copy interpretations of the maxillary sinus on panoramic radiographs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of liquid crystal display (LCD) monitor type and observer experience on the diagnostic performance in soft-copy interpretations of maxillary sinus inflammatory lesions on panoramic radiographs. Ninety maxillary sinuses on panoramic images were grouped into negative and positive groups according to the presence of inflammatory lesions, using CT for confirmation. Monochrome and color LCDs were used. Six observers participated and ROC analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic performance. The reading time, fatigue score, and inter-/intra-observer agreements were assessed. The interpretation of maxillary sinus inflammatory lesions was affected by the LCD monitor type used and by the experience of the observer. The reading time was not significantly different, however the fatigue score was significantly different between two LCD monitors. Inter-observer agreement was relatively good in experienced observers, while the intra-observer agreement for all observers was good with monochrome LCD but not with color LCD. The less experienced observers showed lowered diagnostic ability with a general color LCD.

  15. Effect of LCD monitor type and observer experience on diagnostic performance in soft-copy interpretations of the maxillary sinus on panoramic radiographs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Tae Young; Choi, Jin Woo; Lee, Sam Sun; Huh, Kyung Hoe; Yi, Won Jin; Heo, Min Suk; Choi, Soon Chul [School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-03-15

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of liquid crystal display (LCD) monitor type and observer experience on the diagnostic performance in soft-copy interpretations of maxillary sinus inflammatory lesions on panoramic radiographs. Ninety maxillary sinuses on panoramic images were grouped into negative and positive groups according to the presence of inflammatory lesions, using CT for confirmation. Monochrome and color LCDs were used. Six observers participated and ROC analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic performance. The reading time, fatigue score, and inter-/intra-observer agreements were assessed. The interpretation of maxillary sinus inflammatory lesions was affected by the LCD monitor type used and by the experience of the observer. The reading time was not significantly different, however the fatigue score was significantly different between two LCD monitors. Inter-observer agreement was relatively good in experienced observers, while the intra-observer agreement for all observers was good with monochrome LCD but not with color LCD. The less experienced observers showed lowered diagnostic ability with a general color LCD.

  16. Radiographic evaluation of the maxillary sinus prior to dental implant therapy: A comparison between two dimensional and three dimensional radiographic imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tadinada, Aditya; Fung, Karen; Thacker, Sejal; Mahdian, Mina; Jadhaw, Aniket; Schincaglia, Gian Pietro [University of Connecticut School of Dental Medicine, Farmington (United States)

    2015-09-15

    This study was performed to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of panoramic radiography and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in detecting sinus pathology. This study was based on a retrospective evaluation of patients who had undergone both a panoramic radiograph and a CBCT exam. A total of 100 maxillary sinuses were evaluated. Four examiners with various levels of expertise evaluated the images using a five-point scoring system. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of the two modalities. The image analysis was repeated twice, with at least two weeks between the evaluation sessions. Interobserver reliability was assessed using Cronbach's alpha, and intraobserver reliability was assessed using Cohen's kappa. Maxillary sinus pathology was detected in 72% of the patients. High interobserver and intraobserver reliability were observed for both imaging modalities and among the four examiners. Statistical analyses using ROC curves demonstrated that the CBCT images had a larger area under the curve (0.940) than the panoramic radiographs (0.579). Three-dimensional evaluation of the sinus with CBCT was significantly more reliable in detecting pathology than panoramic imaging.

  17. The foramen and infraorbital nerve relating to the surgery for external access to the maxillary sinus (CALDWELL-LUC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabi, Ricardo Pereira

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The infraorbital nerve and foramen are bilateral structures, located below the lower edge of orbit (1,2,5,9,10,11,12, and are important surgical parameters for external access to the maxillary sinus (CaldwellLuc, representing its upper limit (4, 13. Objective: Establishing a safe average distance between the first premolar tooth alveolus top up to the foramen and infraorbital nerve, during the CaldwellLuc surgery. Method: We have analyzed 32 formolized heads of Brazilian adult corpses, without distinction of age, sex and race, within the period of February through July 2004. Surgical approach was made by CaldwellLuc passage, up to the complete exposure of infraorbital nerve and foramen where we delineated an imaginary line from the top of the first premolar tooth alveolus up to the foramen, and measured by using a pachymeter. Results: The general average distance between the structures mentioned was of 3.34cm with standard deviation of 0.52cm. The greater distance found was of 4,5 cm and the minor was of 2.5 cm bilaterally. Conclusion: When we know this region safe distance surgical access, we find less damage to the innervation that causes less intense subjective and less persistent symptoms in the post-operative period.

  18. Orthovoltage radiation therapy treatment planning using Monte Carlo simulation: treatment of neuroendocrine carcinoma of the maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dose distributions that result from treating a patient with orthovoltage beams are best determined with a treatment planning system that uses the Monte Carlo method, and such systems are not readily available. In the present work, the Monte Carlo method was used to develop a computer code for determining absorbed dose distributions in orthovoltage radiation therapy. The code was used in planning treatment of a patient with a neuroendocrine carcinoma of the maxillary sinus. Two lateral high-energy photon beams supplemented by an anterior orthovoltage photon beam were utilized in the treatment plan. For the clinical case and radiation beams considered, a reasonably uniform dose distribution (±10%) is achieved within the target volume, while the dose to the lens of each eye is 4-8% of the prescribed dose. Therefore, an orthovoltage photon beam, when properly filtered and optimally combined with megavoltage beams, can be effective in the treatment of cancers below the skin, providing that accurate treatment planning is carried out to establish with accuracy and precision the doses to critical structures. (author)

  19. Squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus and the oral part of the upper jaw. Comparison of treatment results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The treatment results were compared in 77 patients with maxillary sinus squamous cell carcinoma (MC) and 53 patients with squamous cell carcinoma arising from the oral part of the upper law (OC). Both sets of patients received radiotherapy alone, or radiotherapy combined with surgery and/or chemotherapy. Computerized tomography was useful for the definition of the treatment volume. Intraarterial chemotherapy was given in 89 of 130 patients and in these patients the total radiation dose was reduced by about 10 Gy. No difference was found in the 5-year survival rate between the MC (65%) and the OC (66%) groups. The cumulative incidence of local failure was higher in MC (36%) than in OC (26%), whereas the ultimate incidence of neck node metastasis was higher in OC (43%) than in MC patients (18%). Half of the inoperable patients (9/18) were older than 80 years and had contraindications to anaesthesia and major surgery. The local recurrence rate was high in the inoperable MC patients (6/8). Contralateral simus cancers occurred in 4 patients in the MC group. (orig.)

  20. Primary combined neuroendocrine and squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus: report of a case with immunohistochemical and molecular characterization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franchi, Alessandro; Rocchetta, Davide; Palomba, Annarita; Degli Innocenti, Duccio Rossi; Castiglione, Francesca; Spinelli, Giuseppe

    2015-03-01

    Neuroendocrine neoplasms represent a rare subset of tumors in the sinonasal tract. Combined tumors, with an endocrine and a non-neuroendocrine component, are exceedingly rare, and mainly consist of a combination of neuroendocrine carcinoma with adenocarcinomas. We present the clinico-pathologic and immunohistochemical features of a neuroendocrine carcinoma combined with squamous cell carcinoma, arising in the maxillary sinus. In addition, we evaluated the clonal origin of the two components through analysis of TP53 gene status. Both components were positive for cytokeratins AE1/AE3, while the squamous cell carcinoma was positive for cytokeratin 5/6 and p63, and the neuroendocrine carcinoma showed immunoreactivity for neuron specific enolase, chromogranin, synaptophysin and CD56. In situ hybridization for human papilloma virus and Epstein-Barr virus were negative in both components. A missense mutation in TP53 exon 7 (c.734G>C) and strong nuclear immunostaining for p53 were detected only in the neuroendocrine carcinoma. This suggests that the tumor either derived from one precursor cell with squamous differentiation, which underwent TP53 mutation and acquisition of a neuroendocrine phenotype, or it derived from two separate clones, one with mutated TP53 and neuroendocrine differentiation, and the other with wild type TP53 and squamous differentiation (collision tumor). PMID:24327102

  1. Alternativas a la elevación de seno maxilar: implantes cortos Alternatives to maxillary sinus elevation: short implants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. González Lagunas

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available La mala calidad del hueso, reabsorciones extremas y la presencia de la cavidad del seno maxilar constituían obstáculos insalvables para la rehabilitación implanto-soportada en el sector posterior del maxilar atrófico. La elevación de seno es probablemente la primera opción de tratamiento en el paciente tributario de rehabilitación con implantes en ese sector. El uso de implantes cortos (menos de 10 mm se ha asociado tradicionalmente con unas tasas de supervivencia menores que la de los implantes largos. No obstante la aparición de nuevas superficies y diseños indican que este tipo de implantes puede soportar de forma fiable restauraciones dentales. Presentamos la técnica de instalación de implantes de superficie porosa sinterizada, asi como una revisión actualizada sobre el comportamiento de los implantes cortos.Poor bone quality, extreme bony resorption and a pneumatized mqxillary sinus are a severe Challenger for reconstruction of the atrophic edentuous posterior maxilla. Sinus lift is probably the gold standard for Management of that area. Short implants (<10mm have traditionally been associated with lower survival rates. The introduction of new surfaces and designs indicate that this type of implants can adequately support dental restorations. We present the technique of installation of sinterised porous dental implants together with an update on the behaviour of short implants.

  2. Maxillary Air Cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Doucette-Preville, Stephane; Tamm, Alexander; Khetani, Justin; Wright, Erin; Emery, Derek

    2013-01-01

    Pathologic dilatation of the maxillary sinus by air is a rare condition with unclear etiology. We present a case of a 17 year old male with a maxillary air cyst diagnosed by computed tomography. The CT demonstrated air-filled expansion of the maxillary sinus beyond the normal anatomical limits with associated cortical bone thinning. The case report highlights the pathognomonic computed tomography findings of this rare entity and discusses the perplexing nomenclature, proposed etiologies and v...

  3. Extensive complex odontoma in the maxillary sinus: an uncommon presentation as a cause of chronic sinusitis / Extenso odontoma complexo em seio maxilar: uma apresentação incomum como causa de sinusite crônica

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Cyntia Helena Pereira de, Carvalho; Diego do Amaral, Costa; Lélia Maria Guedes, Queiroz; José Ivo Q. do, Amaral; Adriano Rocha, Germano.

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Este estudo relata a apresentação de um extenso odontoma causando sinusite maxilar. DESCRIÇÃO DO CASO: Um homem de 25 anos ao exame clínico revelou assimetria facial discreta e exposição da lesão na cavidade oral. Os exames de imagem mostraram a presença de uma massa radiopaca bem definida [...] na maxila esquerda, medindo aproximadamente 7 cm e estava intimamente associado com o seio maxilar e a cavidade oral. A massa foi extirpada através de um acesso intra-oral, sob anestesia geral em ambiente hospitalar e enviada para estudo histopatológico, onde foi diagnosticada como odontoma complexo. O paciente está sob acompanhamento clínico e não mostra sinais de sinusite maxilar e fístula bucossinusal. CONCLUSÃO: O odontoma é uma lesão comum na clínica odontológica, mas pode, em alguns casos, se apresentar de forma agressiva levando a danos ao paciente, e desta forma, é necessária atenção do cirurgião dentista para o correto diagnóstico e tratamento. Abstract in english PURPOSE: This study reports a case of a extensive odontoma causing maxillary sinusitis. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 25-year-old man at clinical examination revealed discrete facial asymmetry and exposure of the lesion in the oral cavity. Imaging exams showed the presence of a well-defined radiopaque mass in [...] the left maxilla, measuring approximately 7 cm and was intimately associated with the maxillary sinus and oral cavity. The mass was excised through an intraoral access under general anesthesia in the hospital and sent for histopathology, which was diagnosed as complex odontoma. The patient is under clinical follow-up and shows no signs of maxillary sinusitis and no oral sinus fistula. CONCLUSION: The odontoma is a common injury in clinical dentistry, but in some aggressive cases may cause sequelae in the patient, thus, caution the dentist for proper diagnosis and treatment.

  4. Superselective intra-arterial chemotherapy (SIC) by using the Seldinger technique as the treatment strategy for maxillary sinus carcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have been applying superselective intra-arterial chemotherapy (SIC) by using the Seldinger technique as the treatment strategy for maxillary sinus carcinoma since 1998 in combination with radiotherapy and surgery. SIC allows delivery of high-dose anticancer drugs to the target tumor at high concentrations through its feeding vessel with few adverse effects by neutralizing and limiting the toxic effects of cisplatin (CDDP) within an acceptable range. We studied the effect of primary treatment and adverse events in 40 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus who underwent high-dose SIC combined with radiotherapy in our department between 1998 and 2008. The patients were 30 men and 10 women aged 43 to 75 years (median, 61 years). All carcinomas were advanced and graded as T3 in 17, T4 in 23, and N+ in 8. Some of the carcinomas reached the skull base or extended deep into the orbit. SIC was performed using the Seldinger technique from the femoral artery. Total CDDP dose was 200-300 mg/m2 (mean, 210 mg/m2). All vessels used for the treatment were those branching from the external carotid arteries; those from internal carotid arteries were not used for intra-arterial infusion. Following arterial infusion chemotherapy, systemic administration of 800 mg 5-fluorouracil (FU) was started on Day 2. Simultaneous radiotherapy was started on Day 2 at a dose of 2 Gy with a goal of increasing up to 60 Gy. Patients enrolled in this treatment arm received two courses of chemotherapy at 1- to 2-week intervals, along with a total dose of 60 Gy of radiotherapy from 1998 to 2007. Since 2008, two courses of SIC with the Seldinger technique, based on the results of postoperative pathological examination, and curative radiation at 60 Gy became the preferred basic treatment strategy irrespective of tumor size, and evaluation of treatment response at the level of 40 Gy was abandoned. For residual or recurrent carcinoma, we took a ''wait and see'' approach and conducted salvage operation as additional treatment. Adverse events of chemotherapy and SIC combined with radiotherapy were completed as scheduled. The treatment response was evaluated at 1 month based on macroscopic, imaging, and histopathological findings. In total, the Seldinger technique was performed 73 times in 40 patients. The mean number of feeding vessels used for treatment was 2.3. Follow-up of adverse events revealed Grade 3 or higher stomatitis in 45% of patients; although it often led to anorexia or dysphagia, it was reversible in all cases. Five patients needed granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) administration for leukocytopenia. Grade 3 or higher renal dysfunction related to CDDP administration was observed in 6 patients. Three patients underwent hemodialysis for Grade 4 renal dysfunction and all could discontinue hemodialysis. All adverse events were reversible and non-serious except for 3 patients with suspected symptoms of transient cerebral ischemia. Primary treatment response was complete response (CR) in 50.0% and partial response (PR) in 25.0% at 40 Gy, with a response rate of 75.0%. Thirty patients received surgery after intra-arterial chemotherapy. Of these, 10 patients rated as CR before surgery were all pathological CR. Of 10 patients who achieved PR in their primary treatment response after SIC combined with radiotherapy, 5 patients were pathological CR in the postoperative pathological evaluation. The final CR rate was 62.5%. These results suggest that adverse events of this therapy are relatively minor and within an acceptable range. In terms of local control, SIC may avoid invasive surgical procedures. (author)

  5. Presencia y Distribución de Tabiques Intrasinusales en el Piso del Seno Maxilar Prescence and Distribution of Intrasinusal Septa in the Maxillary Sinus Floor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnoldo Hernández Caldera

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La pérdida de dientes superiores causa reabsorción del proceso alveolar y la neumatización del seno maxilar. La implantología oral ha permitido solucionar la perdida de dientes, sin embargo, cuando existe neumatización del seno maxilar, la disponibilidad ósea se ve disminuida, dificultando el procedimiento implantologico. Para remediar esta situación se efectúa la técnica quirúrgica de levantamiento del piso del seno maxilar, la que puede tener complicaciones por la morfología interna del seno, específicamente por la presencia de septos intrasinusales. El objetivo de este estudio es verificar la presencia y distribución de los septos intrasinusales, debido a su importancia en técnicas quirúrgicas realizadas en implantología oral. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, basado en el análisis visual de huesos maxilares aislados. De 65 huesos se seleccionaron 51(42 dentados y 9 edéntulos que cumplían con determinados criterios de inclusión. La segunda parte del estudio consistió en dividir topográficamente el piso del seno en tres regiones: anterior a la cresta cigomato alveolar, en relación a ella, y posterior a la cresta. La observación de los septos fue realizado por un único examinador, asistido por un dispositivo USB, con 4 leds de alta luminiscencia. De los 51 maxilares analizados se obtuvo: 74,5%, presentaron al menos un septo intrasinusal, 25,4%, no presentaron septos visibles. Los maxilares que presentaron un único tabique correspondieron al 33,3% de la muestra, el 19,6 % de la muestra presento sólo dos tabiques, el 15,7% presentó tres tabiques, mientras que los maxilares que presentaron más de tres tabiques intrasinusales correspondieron sólo al 5,9%. Del total de tabiques encontrados (75 tabiques el 42% se observó en la región anterior, 21% en la región de la cresta cigomato alveolar y el 37 % en la región posterior del seno maxilar. De los 42 maxilares en condición dentada el 88,1% presento tabiques intrasinusales, mientras que del total de los maxilares edéntulos (9 solo el 11% presento tabiques intrasinusales. Este estudio establece que un porcentaje importante de los huesos maxilares poseen septos intrasinusales que modifican la morfología del piso sinusal con una frecuencia y ubicación variable. Esta situación deberá ser considerada y evaluada mediante imagenología en la realización de técnicas quirúrgicas de elevación del piso del seno maxilar.The loss of upper teeth causes alveolar process resorption and maxilary sinus pneumatization. Oral implantology has solved these losses, however, when pneumatization of the maxillary sinus exists, bone availability is diminished, difficulting implantology procedure. To remedy this situation, the surgical technique of lifting the maxillary sinus floor is indicated, which can have complications because of the internal maxillary sinus morphology, specifically the presence of intrasinusal septa. The aim of this study is to verify the presence and distribution of intrasinusal septa, due to its importance in surgical techniques performed in oral implantology. We conducted a descriptive study, based on visual analysis of isolated maxilary bones. Of 65 bones, 51 (42 dentate and 9 edentulouswere selected that met certain inclusion criteria. The second part of the study was, to divide the sinus floor topographically into three regions: anterior to the zygomatic alveolar crest, in relation to it, and posterior to the crest. The observation of the septa was performed by a single examiner, assisted by a USB device with 4 high-luminance LEDs. Of the 51 maxillary analyzed obtained: 74.5% had at least one intrasinusal septum, 25.4% showed no visible septa. The maxilary bones that had a single septum corresponded to 33.3% of the sample, 19.6% of the sample had only two septa, 15.7% had three septa, while the maxillary bones that had more than three intrasinusal septa corresponded only to 5.9%. Of all septa found (75 septa 42% was observed in the anterior region, 21% in the region of the zygomatic crest and 37% in the posterior region of the maxillary sinus. Of the 42 dentate maxillary bones in 88,1% present intrasinusal septa, while the total edentulous maxillary bones (9 only 11% present intrasinusal septa. This study establishes that a significant portion of the maxillary bones have intrasinusal septa that modify the morphology of the sinus floor with a variable frequency and location. This situation must be considered and evaluated by imaging techniques in case of performing surgical elevation of the maxillary sinus floor.

  6. Endoscopic sinus surgery in individuals with facial pain due to chronic maxillary sinusitis ? a functional controlled study / Cirurgia endoscópica de seio da face em indivíduos com dor facial devida a sinusite maxilar crônica ? um estudo funcional controlado

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Giuseppe, Sanges; Mario, Gamerra; Gerardo, Sorrentino; Roberto De, Luca; Maddalena, Merone; Michele, Feleppa; Marcelo Eduardo, Bigal.

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Medir a pressão intrasinusal e a eficiência funcional do seio maxilar (EFSM) em indivíduos com dor facial crônica após cirurgia endoscópica maxilar conservadora ou convencional em comparação a pessoas normais. Método: A manometria do seio foi feita 5 vezes durante a inalação. Result [...] ados: A semelhança entre os valores das pressões comparando aqueles tratados com cirurgia minimamente invasiva e os controles foi notável, enquanto que na cirurgia tradicional houve diminuição significativa das pressões intrasinusais. A EFSM foi 100% nas três vezes testadas nos controles, de modo muito semelhante ao que foi observado naqueles submetidos a cirurgia minimamente invasiva (98,3%, 98,8%, e 98,0%) e significativamente diminuída naqueles submetidos a cirurgia convencional (48,8%, 52,1%, 48,5 %, p Abstract in english Objective: To measure the intra-sinus pressure and the maxillary sinus functional efficiency (MSFE) in individuals with chronic facial pain after conservative or conventional endoscopic maxillary surgery, as well as in controls. Method: Sinus manometry was performed 5 times during inhalation. [...] Results: The resemblance of pressure values comparing those treated with minimally invasive surgery and controls was remarkable, while traditional surgery significantly decreased intrasinusal pressures. The MSFE was 100% in the three tested times for controls, close to that in those submitted to minimally invasive surgery (98.3%, 98.8%, and 98.0%) and significantly impaired after conventional surgery (48.8%, 52.1%, 48.5 %, p

  7. Imaging characteristics of diffuse large cell extra nodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma involving the palate and maxillary sinus: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nadendla, Lakshmi Kavitha; Meduri, Venkateswarlu; Paramkusam, Geetha [Kamineni Institute of Dental Sciences, Nalgonda (India)

    2012-06-15

    Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas are a group of highly diverse malignancies and have a strong tendency to affect organs and tissues that do not ordinarily contain lymphoid cells. Primary extra nodal lymphoma of the hard palate is rare. Here, we present a case of diffuse large B cell lymphoma in a 60-year-old male patient that manifested as slightly painful ulcerated growth on the edentulous right maxillary alveolar ridge extending onto the palate, closely resembling carcinoma of the alveolar ridge. Computed tomography images showed the involvement of the maxillary sinus and right nasal cavity, along with destruction of hard palate, superiorly extending into the orbit. This case report highlights the importance of imaging to evaluate the exact extent of such large malignant lesions, which is essential for treatment planning.

  8. Maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft in animals: a systematic review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Thomas; Schou, S; Stavropoulos, A; Terheyden, H; Holmstrup, P

    2012-01-01

    The objective of the present systematic review was to test the hypothesis of no differences between the use of Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft for maxillary sinus floor augmentation (MSFA) applying the lateral window technique, as evaluated in animals. A MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase, and Cochrane Library search in combination with a hand-search of relevant journals was conducted by including animal studies published in English from 1 January 1990 to 1 June 2010. The search pro...

  9. Maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft: a systematic review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Thomas; Schou, Søren; Stavropoulos, Andreas; Terheyden, Hendrik; Holmstrup, Palle

    2012-01-01

    Aims: The objective of the present systematic review was to test the hypothesis of no differences in the implant treatment outcome when Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone is used as graft for the maxillary sinus floor augmentation (MSFA) applying the lateral window technique. Material and methods: A MEDLINE (PubMed) search in combination with a hand search of relevant journals was conducted by including human studies published in English from January 1, 1990 to June 1, 2010. The searc...

  10. Presencia y Distribución de Tabiques Intrasinusales en el Piso del Seno Maxilar / Prescence and Distribution of Intrasinusal Septa in the Maxillary Sinus Floor

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Arnoldo, Hernández Caldera; Anette, Vistoso Monreal; Rodrigo, Hernández Quezada; Javier, Rojo Pereira.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La pérdida de dientes superiores causa reabsorción del proceso alveolar y la neumatización del seno maxilar. La implantología oral ha permitido solucionar la perdida de dientes, sin embargo, cuando existe neumatización del seno maxilar, la disponibilidad ósea se ve disminuida, dificultando el proced [...] imiento implantologico. Para remediar esta situación se efectúa la técnica quirúrgica de levantamiento del piso del seno maxilar, la que puede tener complicaciones por la morfología interna del seno, específicamente por la presencia de septos intrasinusales. El objetivo de este estudio es verificar la presencia y distribución de los septos intrasinusales, debido a su importancia en técnicas quirúrgicas realizadas en implantología oral. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, basado en el análisis visual de huesos maxilares aislados. De 65 huesos se seleccionaron 51(42 dentados y 9 edéntulos) que cumplían con determinados criterios de inclusión. La segunda parte del estudio consistió en dividir topográficamente el piso del seno en tres regiones: anterior a la cresta cigomato alveolar, en relación a ella, y posterior a la cresta. La observación de los septos fue realizado por un único examinador, asistido por un dispositivo USB, con 4 leds de alta luminiscencia. De los 51 maxilares analizados se obtuvo: 74,5%, presentaron al menos un septo intrasinusal, 25,4%, no presentaron septos visibles. Los maxilares que presentaron un único tabique correspondieron al 33,3% de la muestra, el 19,6 % de la muestra presento sólo dos tabiques, el 15,7% presentó tres tabiques, mientras que los maxilares que presentaron más de tres tabiques intrasinusales correspondieron sólo al 5,9%. Del total de tabiques encontrados (75 tabiques) el 42% se observó en la región anterior, 21% en la región de la cresta cigomato alveolar y el 37 % en la región posterior del seno maxilar. De los 42 maxilares en condición dentada el 88,1% presento tabiques intrasinusales, mientras que del total de los maxilares edéntulos (9) solo el 11% presento tabiques intrasinusales. Este estudio establece que un porcentaje importante de los huesos maxilares poseen septos intrasinusales que modifican la morfología del piso sinusal con una frecuencia y ubicación variable. Esta situación deberá ser considerada y evaluada mediante imagenología en la realización de técnicas quirúrgicas de elevación del piso del seno maxilar. Abstract in english The loss of upper teeth causes alveolar process resorption and maxilary sinus pneumatization. Oral implantology has solved these losses, however, when pneumatization of the maxillary sinus exists, bone availability is diminished, difficulting implantology procedure. To remedy this situation, the sur [...] gical technique of lifting the maxillary sinus floor is indicated, which can have complications because of the internal maxillary sinus morphology, specifically the presence of intrasinusal septa. The aim of this study is to verify the presence and distribution of intrasinusal septa, due to its importance in surgical techniques performed in oral implantology. We conducted a descriptive study, based on visual analysis of isolated maxilary bones. Of 65 bones, 51 (42 dentate and 9 edentulous)were selected that met certain inclusion criteria. The second part of the study was, to divide the sinus floor topographically into three regions: anterior to the zygomatic alveolar crest, in relation to it, and posterior to the crest. The observation of the septa was performed by a single examiner, assisted by a USB device with 4 high-luminance LEDs. Of the 51 maxillary analyzed obtained: 74.5% had at least one intrasinusal septum, 25.4% showed no visible septa. The maxilary bones that had a single septum corresponded to 33.3% of the sample, 19.6% of the sample had only two septa, 15.7% had three septa, while the maxillary bones that had more than three intrasinusal septa corresponded only to 5.9%. Of all septa found (75 septa) 42% was observed in the anterior region, 21% in the region of th

  11. Preparación pre protética para implantes dentales mediante elevación del seno maxilar. Presentación de un caso clínico / Pre-prosthetic preparation for dental implants through maxillary sinus lifting

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Félix M, Blanco Mederos; María Teresa, Lima Reyna.

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available La presencia de pacientes que acuden para su rehabilitación protésica mediante implantes osteointegrados en el maxilar posterior con dificultades es frecuente, debido a una disponibilidad ósea vertical insuficiente causada por la presencia del seno maxilar. Para solucionar la falta de altura ósea, s [...] e hace necesario aplicar procedimientos destinados a aumentar la cantidad de hueso en esta área, conocido como elevación del seno maxilar. El objetivo de este trabajo fue presentar un caso, con esta técnica y el uso de materiales de relleno, pues posibilita al implantólogo, la colocación de implantes de mayor longitud que influyen en el éxito del tratamiento. Abstract in english There are many patients assisting the consultation for prosthetic rehabilitation through bone-integrated implants in the posterior maxilla, due to an insufficient vertical bone availability caused by the presence of the maxillary sinus. To solve this lack of bone height, it is necessary to carry out [...] procedures aimed to increasing the bone quantity in this area; the procedure is known as maxillary sinus lifting. This paper’s aim was presenting a case of this technique application, using filling materials that make possible longer implants placement by the implantologist and have influence in the treatment success.

  12. Effects of platelet-rich plasma in association with bone grafts in maxillary sinus augmentation: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemos, C A A; Mello, C C; Dos Santos, D M; Verri, F R; Goiato, M C; Pellizzer, E P

    2016-04-01

    This systematic review evaluated the effect on bone formation and implant survival of combining platelet-rich plasma (PRP) with bone grafts in maxillary augmentation. A comprehensive review of articles listed in the PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases covering the period January 2000 to January 2015 was performed. The meta-analysis was based on bone formation for which the mean difference (MD, in millimetres) was calculated. Implant survival was assessed as a dichotomous outcome and evaluated using the risk ratio (RR) with 95% confidence interval (CI). The search identified 3303 references. After inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, 17 studies were selected for qualitative analysis and 13 for quantitative analysis. A total of 369 patients (mean age 51.67 years) and 621 maxillary sinus augmentations were evaluated. After the data analysis, additional analyses were performed of the implant stability quotient, marginal bone loss, and alveolar bone height measured by MD. The results showed no significant difference in implant stability (P=0.32, MD 1.00, 95% CI -0.98 to 2.98), marginal bone loss (P=0.31, MD 0.06, 95% CI -0.05 to 0.16), alveolar bone height (P=0.10, MD -0.72, 95% CI -1.59 to 0.14), implant survival (P=0.22, RR 1.95, 95% CI 0.67-5.69), or bone formation (P=0.81, MD -0.63, 95% CI -5.91 to 4.65). In conclusion, the meta-analysis indicates no influence of PRP with bone graft on bone formation and implant survival in maxillary sinus augmentation. PMID:26775635

  13. Detection of Helicobacter Pylori in the lacrimal sac mucosa of the patients with primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction

    OpenAIRE

    Negar Azarpira; Seyed Mohammad Bagher Abtahi; Naser Owji

    2011-01-01

    Helicobacter pylori have been detected in sinonasal mucosa in both normal and pathologic condition. The nasolacrimal duct is within the medial wall of maxillary sinus and open into the nasal cavity, so ascending colonization of nasolacrimal duct and lacrimal sac is possible. The aim of this study is to investigate the presence of H. pylori by polymerase chain (PCR) reaction in the nasal and lacrimal sac mucosa of the patients with primary acquired nas...

  14. Maxillary Sinus Septa Prevalence and Morphology: Computed Tomography Based Analysis / Prevalencia y Morfología del Septo del Seno Maxilar: Análisis Basado en Estudios de Tomografía Computadorizada

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Magdalena, Malec; Tomasz, Smektala; Marcin, Tutak; Grzegorz, Trybek; Katarzyna, Sporniak-Tutak.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la prevalencia, ubicación y morfología del septo del seno maxilar, y en particular de las formas orientadas sagitalmente, que no pueden ser visualizadas con el uso de equipos convencionales de Rayos X en dos dimensiones. De esta manera, se busca ofrecer inf [...] ormación sobre el grupo potencial de pacientes, que serán sometidos a estudios de tomografía computarizada antes de la elevación del seno maxilar. El análisis se basó en 216 imágenes de archivo de tomografía computarizada. El criterio de exclusión fue la presencia de cualquier sospecha de patología en la región maxilar. La prevalencia de septos hallados en tomografía computarizada fue alta (49%) con una altura media de 5,44 mm. La incidencia de septos orientados sagitalmente, encontrados en estudios de Rayos X 2D fue del 10%, siendo la localización más frecuente la región del segundo molar. De acuerdo a los resultados obtenidos y respetando los principios de seguridad radiológica, los autores sugieren que la ortopantomografía de rayos X puede ser un examen radiológico suficiente antes de comenzar el procedimiento quirúrgico de implante en el área del seno maxilar. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence, location and morphology of maxillary sinus septa, and in particular sagittally orientated forms, which cannot be visualized by classic 2D x-rays. Thereby authors would like to provide information about the potential patient group, to be referred f [...] or the computed tomography scan before sinus lift procedure. The analysis was based on 216 computed tomography archival images. The exclusion criterion was occurrence of any suspected pathology in the maxillary region. The septa prevalence that was investigated in computed tomography was high (49%) with the mean height of 5.44 mm. The incidence of sagittally orientated septa as a challenge in 2D x-rays was 10%, with the second molar region as the most frequent location. Based on the obtained results and radiation safety principles, the authors suggest that orthopantomogram x-ray may be a sufficient ancillary radiological examination before beginning preimplant surgical procedure in the area of the maxillary sinus.

  15. Maxillary sinus floor elevation using a tissue-engineered bone with calcium-magnesium phosphate cement and bone marrow stromal cells in rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Deliang; Xia, Lunguo; Zhang, Wenjie; Huang, Hui; Wei, Bin; Huang, Qingfeng; Wei, Jie; Liu, Changsheng; Jiang, Xinquan

    2012-04-01

    The objective of this study was to assess the effects of maxillary sinus floor elevation with a tissue-engineered bone constructed with bone marrow stromal cells (bMSCs) and calcium-magnesium phosphate cement (CMPC) material. The calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), and phosphorus (P) ions released from calcium phosphate cement (CPC), magnesium phosphate cement (MPC), and CMPC were detected by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES), and the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of bMSCs seeded on CPC, MPC, and CMPC or cultured in CPC, MPC, and CMPC extracts were measured by MTT analysis, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity assay, alizarin red mineralization assay, and real-time PCR analysis of the osteogenic genes ALP and osteocalcin (OCN). Finally, bMSCs were combined with CPC, MPC, and CMPC and used for maxillary sinus floor elevation in rabbits, while CPC, MPC, or CMPC without cells served as control groups. The new bone formation in each group was detected by histological finding and fluorochrome labeling at weeks 2 and 8 after surgical operation. It was observed that the Ca ion concentrations of the CMPC and CPC scaffolds was significantly higher than that of the MPC scaffold, while the Mg ions concentration of CMPC and MPC was significantly higher than that of CPC. The bMSCs seeded on CMPC and MPC or cultured in their extracts proliferated more quickly than the cells seeded on CPC or cultured in its extract, respectively. The osteogenic differentiation of bMSCs seeded on CMPC and CPC or cultured in the corresponding extracts was significantly enhanced compared to that of bMSCs seeded on MPC or cultured in its extract; however, there was no significant difference between CMPC and CPC. As for maxillary sinus floor elevation in vivo, CMPC could promote more new bone formation and mineralization compared to CPC and MPC, while the addition of bMSCs could further enhance its new bone formation ability significantly. Our data suggest that CMPC possesses moderate biodegradability and excellent osteoconductivity, which may be attributed to its Ca and Mg ion composition, and the tissue-engineered bone constructed of CMPC and bMSCs might be a potential alterative graft for maxillofacial bone regeneration. PMID:22066969

  16. Maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft: a systematic review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Thomas; Schou, Søren; Stavropoulos, Andreas; Terheyden, Hendrik; Holmstrup, Palle

    2012-01-01

    Aims: The objective of the present systematic review was to test the hypothesis of no differences in the implant treatment outcome when Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone is used as graft for the maxillary sinus floor augmentation (MSFA) applying the lateral window technique. Material...... survival was compared in one study demonstrating no statistically significant difference. The implant survival was 96% with Bio-Oss and 94% with a mixture of 80% Bio-Oss and 20% autogenous mandibular bone. Addition of a limited amount of autogenous bone to Bio-Oss seemed not to increase the amount of new...... bone formation and bone-to-implant contact compared with Bio-Oss. Conclusions: Therefore, the hypothesis of no differences between the use of Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft for MSFA could neither be confirmed nor rejected. To cite this article: Jensen T, Schou S, Stavropoulos A...

  17. Maxillary sinus augmentation with bovine hydroxyapatite alone: a safe technique with predictable outcomes in patients with severe maxillary atrophy / Elevación del seno maxilar con hidroxiapatita bovina sola: una técnica segura con resultados predecibles en pacientes con atrofia maxilar grave

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ana María, López López; Paloma, Planells del Pozo; Cristina, Maza Muela; Santiago, Ochandiano Caicoya; Carlos, Navarro Cuéllar; José Ignacio, Salmerón Escobar.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available La elevación del seno es una técnica preprotésica para la rehabilitación del sector posterior atrofiado del maxilar con una prótesis de implantación. Analizamos retrospectivamente 34 casos consecutivos de elevación del seno maxilar con el empleo de tan solo hidroxiapatita bovina sola. La altura preq [...] uirúrgica era de 4 mm o menos en el 92 % de los casos. El porcentaje de éxitos de la elevación del seno maxilar con esta técnica fue del 100 %. Un 13,4 % de los implantes se colocaron inmediatamente, con un porcentaje de éxitos de la implantación del 93,9 %. Los implantes no osteointegrados se sustituyeron todos con éxito. El periodo de seguimiento fue de 1268 días. El porcentaje de éxitos obtenido con el empleo de hidroxiapatita bovina sola es similar al de otros tipos de materiales, al tiempo que se evita la morbilidad en el área donante de hueso autólogo. Abstract in english Sinus augmentation is a preprosthetic technique for rehabilitating posterior sector of the atrophied maxilla with implant-supported prosthesis. We retrospectively analyzed 34 consecutive sinus augmentations performed using only bovine hydroxyapatite. The presurgical height in 92 % of the cases was 4 [...] mm or less. The success rate of the maxillary sinus augmentation was 100 % for this technique. 13.4 % of the implants were placed immediately with a success rate of implants placement of 93.9 %. The non-osseointegrated implants were all successfully replaced. Follow-up period was 1268 days. The success rate obtained using bovine hydroxyapatite alone is similar to that using other types of materials, while avoids morbidity of the autologous bone donor area.

  18. Maxillary Sinus Augmentation Combining Bio-Oss with the Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate: A Histomorphometric Study in Humans

    OpenAIRE

    Paulo José Pasquali; Marcelo Lucchesi Teixeira; Thiago Altro de Oliveira; Luis Guilherme Scavone de Macedo; Antonio Carlos Aloise; André Antonio Pelegrine

    2015-01-01

    Purpose. To investigate the regenerative results obtained with the association of bone marrow aspirate concentrate using the Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate (BMAC) method to a xenogeneic bone graft (Bio-Oss) in sinus floor elevation. Materials and Methods. Using a randomized controlled study design in eight consecutive patients (age of 55.4 ± 9.2 years), 16 sinus floor lift procedures were performed with Bio-Oss alone (control group, CG, n = 8) or combined with bone marrow aspirate concentra...

  19. Hemangioma cavernoso gigante de seno maxilar: Reporte de un caso y revisión de la literatura Giant cavernous hemangioma of the maxillary sinus: Case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Naser G

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Los hemangiomas son neoplasias vasculares benignas que se presentan de preferencia en la región cervicofacial, siendo raros en las fosas nasales y excepcionales en los senos paranasales, con pocos casos reportados. Se presenta un paciente de sexo masculino y 33 años de edad, que consultó por obstrucción nasal, aumento de volumen maxilar y exoftalmo izquierdo de 2 años de evolución. La tomografía computada con contraste mostraba una masa hipodensa con realce anular del contraste en maxilar izquierdo, con extensión a la cavidad nasal, con destrucción del piso de la órbita y la pared anterior del seno maxilar. Se tomó biopsia que se informó como hemangioma cavernoso, por lo que fue manejado con embolización y escleroterapia arterial supraselectiva previa a la resección. Se realizó una maxilectomía subtotal por abordaje de Weber-Ferguson, sin recidiva al seguimiento a 15 meses. Además se comparan los hallazgos y el manejo de nuestro paciente con revisiones extranjeras.Hemangiomas are benign vascular neoplasms that occur preferentially in the head and neck, being uncommon in the nasal cavities and exceptionally rare in the paranasal sinuses, with very few cases reported. We present the case of a 33 year old male, that consulted for nasal obstruction, maxillary enlargement and left exophthalmos of 2 years of evolution. Contrast enhanced computed tomography showed a hypódense mass with a ring enhanced lesion in the left maxilla, extending to the nasal cavity, with orbital floor and anterior wall of the maxillary sinus destruction. A biopsy sample was informed as cavernous hemangioma. Accordingly, it was treated by supraselective arterial embolization and sclerotherapy previous to surgical resection. A subtotal maxillectomy was performed following the Weber-Ferguson approach, with no recidives after a 15 month follow-up. In addition, we compare our findings and patient management with those reviewed in the literature.

  20. Hemangioma cavernoso gigante de seno maxilar: Reporte de un caso y revisión de la literatura / Giant cavernous hemangioma of the maxillary sinus: Case report and literature review

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alfredo, Naser G; Arturo, Samith M; Carlos, Ríos D.

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Los hemangiomas son neoplasias vasculares benignas que se presentan de preferencia en la región cervicofacial, siendo raros en las fosas nasales y excepcionales en los senos paranasales, con pocos casos reportados. Se presenta un paciente de sexo masculino y 33 años de edad, que consultó por obstruc [...] ción nasal, aumento de volumen maxilar y exoftalmo izquierdo de 2 años de evolución. La tomografía computada con contraste mostraba una masa hipodensa con realce anular del contraste en maxilar izquierdo, con extensión a la cavidad nasal, con destrucción del piso de la órbita y la pared anterior del seno maxilar. Se tomó biopsia que se informó como hemangioma cavernoso, por lo que fue manejado con embolización y escleroterapia arterial supraselectiva previa a la resección. Se realizó una maxilectomía subtotal por abordaje de Weber-Ferguson, sin recidiva al seguimiento a 15 meses. Además se comparan los hallazgos y el manejo de nuestro paciente con revisiones extranjeras. Abstract in english Hemangiomas are benign vascular neoplasms that occur preferentially in the head and neck, being uncommon in the nasal cavities and exceptionally rare in the paranasal sinuses, with very few cases reported. We present the case of a 33 year old male, that consulted for nasal obstruction, maxillary enl [...] argement and left exophthalmos of 2 years of evolution. Contrast enhanced computed tomography showed a hypódense mass with a ring enhanced lesion in the left maxilla, extending to the nasal cavity, with orbital floor and anterior wall of the maxillary sinus destruction. A biopsy sample was informed as cavernous hemangioma. Accordingly, it was treated by supraselective arterial embolization and sclerotherapy previous to surgical resection. A subtotal maxillectomy was performed following the Weber-Ferguson approach, with no recidives after a 15 month follow-up. In addition, we compare our findings and patient management with those reviewed in the literature.

  1. Diagnosis of drowning using post-mortem computed tomography based on the volume and density of fluid accumulation in the maxillary and sphenoid sinuses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent studies have reported that drowning victims frequently have fluid accumulation in the paranasal sinuses, most notably the maxillary and sphenoid sinuses. However, in our previous study, many non-drowning victims also had fluid accumulation in the sinuses. Therefore, we evaluated the qualitative difference in fluid accumulation between drowning and non-drowning cases in the present study. Thirty-eight drowning and 73 non-drowning cases were investigated retrospectively. The fluid volume and density of each case were calculated using a DICOM workstation. The drowning cases were compared with the non-drowning cases using the Mann–Whitney U-test because the data showed non-normal distribution. The median fluid volume was 1.82 (range 0.02–11.7) ml in the drowning cases and 0.49 (0.03–8.7) ml in the non-drowning cases, and the median fluid density was 22 (?14 to 66) and 39 (?65 to 77) HU, respectively. Both volume and density differed significantly between the drowning and non-drowning cases (p = 0.001, p = 0.0007). Regarding cut-off levels in the ROC analysis, the points on the ROC curve closest (0, 1) were 1.03 ml (sensitivity 68%, specificity 68%, PPV 53%, NPV 81%) and 27.5 HU (61%, 70%, 51%, 77%). The Youden indices were 1.03 ml and 37.8 HU (84%, 51%, 47%, 86%). When the cut-off level was set at 1.03 ml and 27.5 HU, the sensitivity was 42%, specificity 45%, PPV 29% and NPV 60%. When the cut-off level was set at 1.03 ml and 37.8 HU, sensitivity was 58%, specificity 32%, PPV 31% and NPV 59%

  2. Diagnosis of drowning using post-mortem computed tomography based on the volume and density of fluid accumulation in the maxillary and sphenoid sinuses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kawasumi, Yusuke, E-mail: ssu@rad.med.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Clinical Imaging, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Kawabata, Tomoyoshi; Sugai, Yusuke [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Clinical Imaging, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Usui, Akihito, E-mail: t7402r0506@med.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Image Analysis, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Hosokai, Yoshiyuki, E-mail: hosokai@med.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Image Analysis, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Sato, Miho, E-mail: meifan58@m.tains.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Clinical Imaging, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Saito, Haruo, E-mail: hsaito@med.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Image Analysis, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Ishibashi, Tadashi, E-mail: tisibasi@med.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Clinical Imaging, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Hayashizaki, Yoshie, E-mail: yoshie@forensic.med.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Forensic Medicine, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Funayama, Masato, E-mail: funayama@forensic.med.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Forensic Medicine, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan)

    2013-10-01

    Recent studies have reported that drowning victims frequently have fluid accumulation in the paranasal sinuses, most notably the maxillary and sphenoid sinuses. However, in our previous study, many non-drowning victims also had fluid accumulation in the sinuses. Therefore, we evaluated the qualitative difference in fluid accumulation between drowning and non-drowning cases in the present study. Thirty-eight drowning and 73 non-drowning cases were investigated retrospectively. The fluid volume and density of each case were calculated using a DICOM workstation. The drowning cases were compared with the non-drowning cases using the Mann–Whitney U-test because the data showed non-normal distribution. The median fluid volume was 1.82 (range 0.02–11.7) ml in the drowning cases and 0.49 (0.03–8.7) ml in the non-drowning cases, and the median fluid density was 22 (?14 to 66) and 39 (?65 to 77) HU, respectively. Both volume and density differed significantly between the drowning and non-drowning cases (p = 0.001, p = 0.0007). Regarding cut-off levels in the ROC analysis, the points on the ROC curve closest (0, 1) were 1.03 ml (sensitivity 68%, specificity 68%, PPV 53%, NPV 81%) and 27.5 HU (61%, 70%, 51%, 77%). The Youden indices were 1.03 ml and 37.8 HU (84%, 51%, 47%, 86%). When the cut-off level was set at 1.03 ml and 27.5 HU, the sensitivity was 42%, specificity 45%, PPV 29% and NPV 60%. When the cut-off level was set at 1.03 ml and 37.8 HU, sensitivity was 58%, specificity 32%, PPV 31% and NPV 59%.

  3. Maxillary Sinus Augmentation Combining Bio-Oss with the Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate: A Histomorphometric Study in Humans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasquali, Paulo José; Teixeira, Marcelo Lucchesi; de Oliveira, Thiago Altro; de Macedo, Luis Guilherme Scavone; Aloise, Antonio Carlos; Pelegrine, André Antonio

    2015-01-01

    Purpose. To investigate the regenerative results obtained with the association of bone marrow aspirate concentrate using the Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate (BMAC) method to a xenogeneic bone graft (Bio-Oss) in sinus floor elevation. Materials and Methods. Using a randomized controlled study design in eight consecutive patients (age of 55.4 ± 9.2 years), 16 sinus floor lift procedures were performed with Bio-Oss alone (control group, CG, n = 8) or combined with bone marrow aspirate concentrate obtained via the BMAC method (test group, TG, n = 8). Six months after the grafting procedures, bone biopsies were harvested during implant placement and were analyzed by histomorphometry. Results. Histomorphometric analysis revealed a significantly higher amount (p Bio-Oss resorption (p 0.05) of nonmineralized tissue (38.53 ± 13.08% and 49.90 ± 7.64%, resp.). Conclusion. The use of bone marrow concentrate obtained by BMAC method increased bone formation in sinus lift procedures. PMID:26543482

  4. Recovery of Interfering Bacteria in the Nasopharynx following Antimicrobial Therapy of Acute Maxillary Sinusitis with Telithromycin or Amoxicillin-Clavulanate

    OpenAIRE

    Brook, Itzhak; Hausfeld, Jeffrey N.

    2005-01-01

    The effect on the nasopharyngeal flora of 7 days of amoxicillin-clavulanate or 5 days of 800 mg once a day was studied in 50 adults with acute sinusitis. The numbers of potential pathogens and interfering alpha-hemolytic streptococci were equally reduced after both therapies. However, the number of interfering Prevotella spp. declined more significantly after amoxicillin-clavulanate treatment.

  5. Elevación de seno maxilar: Análisis clínico de nuestra experiencia en más de 100 casos Clinical analysis of our experience in over 100 cases of maxillary sinus lift

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gui-Youn Cho-Lee

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: La elevación de seno maxilar es uno de los procedimientos más versátiles en cirugía oral, de modo que hay descritos diversos abordajes, tipos de injertos, posibilidad de asociar otras técnicas preprotésicas y colocar implantes de manera simultánea o diferida, dependiendo de la altura ósea inicial. Nuestro propósito es comunicar nuestra experiencia después de intervenir 131 casos. Materiales y métodos: Se analizó una serie de 131 procedimientos llevados a cabo en 91 pacientes consecutivos, entre 1996 y 2007. La edad media fue de 50,43 años (23-69. El control radiológico pre y postoperatorio se realizó mediante ortopantomografía y TC dental. Se analizó la tasa de éxito implantario (implantes osteointegrados y cargados comparando los distintos injertos, el hábito tabáquico, las patologías asociadas y la colocación simultánea o diferida de los implantes. Así mismo, el tiempo (meses necesario para cargar la prótesis se ha comparado entre los diferentes tipos de injerto. Resultados: En las zonas aumentadas se colocaron un total de 228 implantes roscados. La altura preoperatoria media del suelo del seno fue de 6,59±2,11 mm y la postoperatoria de 14,57±2,33 mm. El seguimiento medio fue de 2,94 años (1-12. La tasa de éxito implantario global fue de 96,91%, no habiéndose encontrado diferencias significativas entre los distintos injertos, patologías asociadas o el hábito tabáquico. Conclusiones: En base a este análisis retrospectivo, se concluye que la elevación de seno es una técnica versátil, eficaz, segura y predecible; con una tasa de éxito implantario muy alta independiente del tipo de injerto, comorbilidad, hábito tabáquico y colocación simultánea o diferida de los implantes. El empleo de injerto óseo autólogo requiere un tiempo de espera para la carga protésica significativamente menor.Purpose: Maxillary sinus elevation surgery is one of the most versatile surgical procedures in maxillofacial surgery: there are various approaches to the sinus, different materials for sinus grafting, other preprosthetic procedures can be associated and the implants placement can be simultaneous or delayed, depending on the initial bone height. The aim of this study was to demonstrate this versatility by means of reporting the clinical outcome of sinus augmentation surgery in 131 cases. Materials and Methods: 131 sinus augmentation procedures were undertaken on 91 consecutive patients (mean age 50,43 years (26-69. The preoperative and postoperative radiological study was developed by means of orthopantomography and Dental-TC. The survival rate of implants, as measured by integration and succesfull loading, was compared between different graft materials, smoking/non-smoking patients, different groups of associated pathologies and simultaneous/delayed implants placement. The time (months necessary for prosthesis loading was measured and compared between the different graft material groups. Results: 228 screw-type implants were placed in sinus lifted regions. The mean residual ridge height was 6,59±2,11 mm. The mean postsurgical ridge height was 14,57±2,33 mm. After a mean follow-up period of 2,94 years (range 1 to 12 years the global implant survival rate was 96,91%. There were not significant differences between different bone grafts, associated comorbidity and smoking habits. Conclusions: On the basis of this retrospective study, it might be concluded that the sinus augmentation surgery is a very versatile procedure. Its efficacy and predictability in terms of implant survival rate is extremely high and independent on the bone graft material, surgical technique, associated morbility, smoking habit and immediate/delayed implant placement. The use of autologous bone requires less time to load the prosthesis.

  6. Elevación de seno maxilar: Análisis clínico de nuestra experiencia en más de 100 casos / Clinical analysis of our experience in over 100 cases of maxillary sinus lift

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gui-Youn, Cho-Lee; L., Naval-Gías; M., Mancha de la Plata; J., Sastre-Pérez; A.L., Capote-Moreno; M.F., Muñoz-Guerra; F.J., Rodríguez-Campo.

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: La elevación de seno maxilar es uno de los procedimientos más versátiles en cirugía oral, de modo que hay descritos diversos abordajes, tipos de injertos, posibilidad de asociar otras técnicas preprotésicas y colocar implantes de manera simultánea o diferida, dependiendo de la altura ósea [...] inicial. Nuestro propósito es comunicar nuestra experiencia después de intervenir 131 casos. Materiales y métodos: Se analizó una serie de 131 procedimientos llevados a cabo en 91 pacientes consecutivos, entre 1996 y 2007. La edad media fue de 50,43 años (23-69). El control radiológico pre y postoperatorio se realizó mediante ortopantomografía y TC dental. Se analizó la tasa de éxito implantario (implantes osteointegrados y cargados) comparando los distintos injertos, el hábito tabáquico, las patologías asociadas y la colocación simultánea o diferida de los implantes. Así mismo, el tiempo (meses) necesario para cargar la prótesis se ha comparado entre los diferentes tipos de injerto. Resultados: En las zonas aumentadas se colocaron un total de 228 implantes roscados. La altura preoperatoria media del suelo del seno fue de 6,59±2,11 mm y la postoperatoria de 14,57±2,33 mm. El seguimiento medio fue de 2,94 años (1-12). La tasa de éxito implantario global fue de 96,91%, no habiéndose encontrado diferencias significativas entre los distintos injertos, patologías asociadas o el hábito tabáquico. Conclusiones: En base a este análisis retrospectivo, se concluye que la elevación de seno es una técnica versátil, eficaz, segura y predecible; con una tasa de éxito implantario muy alta independiente del tipo de injerto, comorbilidad, hábito tabáquico y colocación simultánea o diferida de los implantes. El empleo de injerto óseo autólogo requiere un tiempo de espera para la carga protésica significativamente menor. Abstract in english Purpose: Maxillary sinus elevation surgery is one of the most versatile surgical procedures in maxillofacial surgery: there are various approaches to the sinus, different materials for sinus grafting, other preprosthetic procedures can be associated and the implants placement can be simultaneous or [...] delayed, depending on the initial bone height. The aim of this study was to demonstrate this versatility by means of reporting the clinical outcome of sinus augmentation surgery in 131 cases. Materials and Methods: 131 sinus augmentation procedures were undertaken on 91 consecutive patients (mean age 50,43 years (26-69)). The preoperative and postoperative radiological study was developed by means of orthopantomography and Dental-TC. The survival rate of implants, as measured by integration and succesfull loading, was compared between different graft materials, smoking/non-smoking patients, different groups of associated pathologies and simultaneous/delayed implants placement. The time (months) necessary for prosthesis loading was measured and compared between the different graft material groups. Results: 228 screw-type implants were placed in sinus lifted regions. The mean residual ridge height was 6,59±2,11 mm. The mean postsurgical ridge height was 14,57±2,33 mm. After a mean follow-up period of 2,94 years (range 1 to 12 years) the global implant survival rate was 96,91%. There were not significant differences between different bone grafts, associated comorbidity and smoking habits. Conclusions: On the basis of this retrospective study, it might be concluded that the sinus augmentation surgery is a very versatile procedure. Its efficacy and predictability in terms of implant survival rate is extremely high and independent on the bone graft material, surgical technique, associated morbility, smoking habit and immediate/delayed implant placement. The use of autologous bone requires less time to load the prosthesis.

  7. Comparison of CT and MRI features in sinusitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chong, V.F.H.; Fan, Y.F. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore 169608 (Singapore)

    1998-11-01

    Objective: To correlate the features of inflammatory changes in the paranasal sinuses on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with computed tomography (CT). Methods and patients: One hundred and fourteen patients with histologically proven nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) were staged with both CT and MRI. All CT and MRI images of patients with mucosal thickening but no tumour involvement of the sinuses were retrospectively analysed. Results: There were inflammatory changes in 36 maxillary, 21 sphenoid and 16 ethmoid sinuses. These changes include mucosal thickening, retention cysts, retained secretions, inspissated secretions and dystrophic calcification. MRI is superior to CT in separating thickened mucosa, retained secretions and retentions cysts. Conclusion: It is important to appreciate CT changes of sinusitis and the corresponding spectrum of MRI features. (Copyright (c) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. All rights reserved.)

  8. Tercer molar superior retenido en seno maxilar. Presentación de un caso / Third Upper Molar Retained in Maxillary Sinus. Presentation of a Case

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alexis Andrés, Amador Velázquez; Hung Quevedo, Orlando Alberto; Deyanira, Menéndez Díaz.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Se presentó una paciente de 38 años de edad, mestiza, la cual acudió a Consulta de Cirugía Maxilofacial del Hospital Lenin remitida del Servicio de Neurocirugía, que refirió ser objeto de varios estudios de cráneo (incluyendo TAC) por presentar cefaleas mantenidas de moderada a gran intensidad. Los [...] resultados de los estudios fueron negativos. Refirió que recibió tratamiento farmacológico para aliviar los síntomas dolorosos, además, describió otros signos y síntomas como: caída del cabello, afectaciones visuales del lado derecho (visión borrosa, molestias), dolor facial difuso y edema en hemicara derecha. Al examen físico nada a señalar, con rayos x de senos paranasales se diagnosticó la presencia de un tercer molar incluido en seno maxilar derecho. La paciente fue llevada al salón de forma electiva y mediante la técnica de Caldwell-Lud fue extraído dicho molar. La paciente evolucionó de manera favorable. Abstract in english A 38-year-old black, which came to Consultation of Maxillofacial Surgery at Lenin Hospital, from Neurosurgery Department was reported in this paper. The patient was referred to study due to be the subject of several studies of skull (including TAC) due to headaches maintained from moderate to high i [...] ntensity. The results of the studies were negative. The patient received drug treatment to relieve the painful symptoms also described other signs and symptoms such as hair loss, visual detriment to the right side (blurred vision, discomfort), diffuse facial pain and swelling in right side of the face. Physical examination revealed nothing to indicate, with sinus x-rays the presence of a third molar in the right maxillary sinus was diagnosed. The patient was taken to the room and through elective Caldwell-Lud technique, the molar was extracted. The patient progressed favorably.

  9. The current status of the treatment for T4 maxillary sinus cancer in Japan. A multi-institutional retrospective observation study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to assess the current status in Japan of the treatment for squamous cell carcinoma of the T4 maxillary sinus (MS-SCC) and its use to plan clinical trials in the future. The data for 128 patients with previously untreated MS-SCC were obtained from 28 institutions from 2006 to 2007. Of the 128 patients, 118 patients with curative intent were included in an analysis of the treatment and its results. Of the 118 patients, 73 patients had T4a disease, and 45 with T4b. Thirty-nine patients (33.1%) were treated with total maxillectomy, 25 (21.2%) with partial maxillectomy, 22 patients (18.6%) with RADPLAT, 19 patients (16.1%) with IV-CRT, and 13 patients (11.0%) with others. The 5-year overall survival rate and local control rate for 118 patients were 49.8% and 48.9%, respectively. The 5-year overall survival rates for patients with T4aN0M0 and T4bN0M0 were 67.5% and 29.8%, respectively. This study was retrospective, but we could understand the tendency of treatment choice and treatment results. It will be useful information to plan clinical trials in the future. (author)

  10. Maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft in animals : a systematic review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, T; Schou, S

    2012-01-01

    The objective of the present systematic review was to test the hypothesis of no differences between the use of Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft for maxillary sinus floor augmentation (MSFA) applying the lateral window technique, as evaluated in animals. A MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase, and Cochrane Library search in combination with a hand-search of relevant journals was conducted by including animal studies published in English from 1 January 1990 to 1 June 2010. The search provided 879 titles and 14 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The volumetric stability of the graft improved significantly with increased proportion of Bio-Oss. Bone regeneration, bone-to-implant contact (BIC), biomechanical implant test values, and biodegradation of Bio-Oss after MSFA with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone have never been compared within the same study in animals. Thus, the hypothesis of no differences between the use of Bio-Oss and Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft for MSFA could neither be confirmed nor rejected based on existing animal studies.

  11. Maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft in animals: a systematic review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Thomas; Schou, S

    2012-01-01

    The objective of the present systematic review was to test the hypothesis of no differences between the use of Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft for maxillary sinus floor augmentation (MSFA) applying the lateral window technique, as evaluated in animals. A MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase, and Cochrane Library search in combination with a hand-search of relevant journals was conducted by including animal studies published in English from 1 January 1990 to 1 June 2010. The search provided 879 titles and 14 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The volumetric stability of the graft improved significantly with increased proportion of Bio-Oss. Bone regeneration, bone-to-implant contact (BIC), biomechanical implant test values, and biodegradation of Bio-Oss after MSFA with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone have never been compared within the same study in animals. Thus, the hypothesis of no differences between the use of Bio-Oss and Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft for MSFA could neither be confirmed nor rejected based on existing animal studies.

  12. The occurrence of molds in patients with chronic sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Twaru?ek, Magdalena; Soszczy?ska, Ewelina; Winiarski, Piotr; Zwierz, Aleksander; Grajewski, Jan

    2014-05-01

    Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common inflammatory condition of nasal and paranasal sinus mucosa. Although pathogenic bacteria were postulated as main etiological factor responsible for most cases of CRS, the involvement of molds was recently proved in some cases. The aim of the study was to conduct mycological analysis of material obtained from patients operated on due to chronic sinusitis. The study included 107 patients, 45 women and 62 men. During the surgery, a fragment of mucosa from the region of the ethmoid bulla was obtained as microbiological characteristics of this material closely resemble those of sinus mucosa. In addition, maxillary sinus lavage was obtained. The control group comprised patients without chronic sinusitis. The dithiothreitol solution method was used for the lavage examination. The tissue material (mucosal fragment from the region of the ethmoid bulla) was incubated in 2% liquid Sabouraud medium for 24 h. The material was inoculated onto culture media. The presence of molds was detected in 67% of examined samples. Overall, 41 species belonging to 12 genera were isolated. The most frequently detected genera included Penicillium spp. (46%) and Aspergillus spp. (16%). In addition, Cladosporium spp. (11%), Fusarium spp. (7%), Acremonium spp. (4%), Eurotium spp. (4%), Alternaria spp. (2%), Chaetomium spp. (1%), Geotrichum spp. (1%), Verticillium spp. (1%), Rhizopus spp. (1%), and some unidentified colonies (5%) were isolated. Penicillium crustosum, Penicillium citrinum, Aspergillus niger, Cladosporium cladosporioides, and Fusarium verticillioides were the most prevalent species. PMID:24121778

  13. Fate of a Bovine-Derived Xenograft in Maxillary Sinus Floor Elevation After 14 Years: Histologic and Radiologic Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayna, Mustafa; Açil, Yahya; Gulses, Aydin

    2015-01-01

    This report assesses the results following sinus floor augmentation performed 14 years previously in which bovine bone xenograft material was used without implant insertion. After sinus floor augmentation, using a 20:80 mixture of autogenous bone and inorganic bovine bone material (Bio-Oss), bone biopsy specimens were taken from the grafted site, processed with Donath's sawing and grinding technique, stained with toluidine blue, and mounted on high-sensitivity plates for histology and microradiography. Histologic and microradiographic analysis showed the ingrowth of newly formed bone into the graft with interspersed residual Bio-Oss granules. The percentage of Bio- Oss and newly formed bone was 10.18% and 9.32%, respectively, within a total surface area of 70.61 mm² at the site of the corresponding missing first molar, and the percentage of Bio-Oss and newly formed bone was 11.47% and 14.96%, respectively, within a total surface area of 63.92 mm² at the corresponding missing second molar. The newly formed bone was vital without signs of resorption. This study produced strong evidence that newly formed bone was distributed throughout the bone substitute material around all of its granules and that the grafted site consisted of vital bone even in its central parts. The differences in degradation rate and/or whether the effect of bone graft substitutes alone and/ or in combination with other types, shapes, and sizes of graft materials needs further clinical investigation, especially in regard to long-term changes. PMID:26133144

  14. Sinuses / Sinusitis / Rhinosinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Treatments ? Conditions Dictionary ? Sinuses|Sinusitis|Rhinosinusitis Share | Sinuses | Sinusitis | Rhinosinusitis « Back to A to Z Listing The ... into the nose. Rhinosinusitis, commonly referred to as sinusitis, occurs when the sinus openings become blocked or ...

  15. Tercer molar ectópico a nivel de región infraorbitaria-seno maxilar Ectopic third molar of the maxillary sinus-infraorbital region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Moreno García

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Introducción. Los cordales ectópicos son aquellos incluidos en posiciones inusuales o desplazados a distancia de su normal localización anatómica. La erupción ectópica de un diente dentro de la cavidad oral es común pero en otros lugares es raro. La erupción ectópica puede ir asociada con alteraciones en el desarrollo, procesos patológicos o yatrogenia. Caso Clínico. Mujer de 56 años de edad con tercer molar superior derecho ectópico a nivel de región infraorbitaria-seno maxilar. Presentaba dolor e inflamación hemifacial derecha de larga evolución y resistente a tratamiento médico. Se realizó exéresis quirúrgica de dicho cordal mediante abordaje de Caldwell-Luc. Discusión. En muchos casos la etiología de un cordal ectópico no puede ser identificada. La mayor parte de las veces son asintomáticos y diagnosticados mediante estudios radiológicos. Conclusión. La indicación de la exodoncia en el caso de un diente ectópico en general viene determinada por la presencia de sintomatología o en prevención de futuras complicaciones.Introduction. Ectopic third molar teeth are those that are impacted in unusual positions, or that have been displaced and are at a distance from their normal anatomic location. Ectopic eruption of a tooth within the oral cavity is common, but rare in other sites. Ectopic eruption can be associated with developmental disturbances, pathologic processes or iatrogenic activity. Case Report. Female, fifty-six years old, with an upper right ectopic third molar located in the maxillary sinus-infraorbital region. She presented with pain and inflammation of the right side of her face that she had been experiencing for along time and which had been resistant to treatment. Surgical excision was carried out of the third molar tooth using the Caldwell-Luc approach. Discussion. In many cases the etiology of ectopic third molars cannot be identified. Generally they are asymptomatic and diagnosed by radiology studies. Conclusion. The indication for extraction in ectopic teeth cases is in general determined by the presence of symptomatology, or by the need for preventing future complications.

  16. Allergic Fungal Sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correll, Daniel P; Luzi, Scott A; Nelson, Brenda L

    2015-12-01

    A 42 year old male presents with worsening pain and an increase in thick chronic drainage of the left sinus. Image studies show complete opacification of the left frontal sinus, left sphenoid sinus, and the left maxillary sinus. The patient was taken to the operating room and tissue for microscopic evaluation was obtained. The microscopic findings were classic for allergic fungal sinusitis: areas of alternating mucinous material and inflammatory cell debris and abundant Charcot-Leyden crystals. Cultures were performed and the patient began steroid therapy and desensitization therapy. PMID:25537829

  17. Oncocytic Schneiderian Papilloma Presenting as an Intensely Hypermetabolic Lesion of the Maxillary Sinus on 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/CT: A Case Report and Literature Review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 54-year-old man presented with an incidentally identified intensely hypermetabolic lesion (SUVmax: 22.2 g/mL) in the left maxillary sinus on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) performed for cancer screening. The mass was well circumscribed and showed solid enhancement on contrast-enhanced CT. Histological examination of the mass was consistent with oncocytic schneiderian papilloma. It is of prime importance to recognize that a sinonasal lesion with intense hypermetabolism on 18F-FDG PET/CT does not necessarily signify malignancy. Oncocytic schneiderian papilloma should be included in the differential diagnosis of an intensely hypermetabolic and solidly enhancing mass of the nasal cavities or paranasal sinuses.

  18. Oncocytic Schneiderian Papilloma Presenting as an Intensely Hypermetabolic Lesion of the Maxillary Sinus on {sup 18}F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/CT: A Case Report and Literature Review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Sang Kwon; Rho, Byung Hak [Dept. of Radiology, Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University College of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Kwon, Sun Young [Dept. of Pathology, Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University College of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-11-15

    A 54-year-old man presented with an incidentally identified intensely hypermetabolic lesion (SUVmax: 22.2 g/mL) in the left maxillary sinus on {sup 18}F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ({sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT) performed for cancer screening. The mass was well circumscribed and showed solid enhancement on contrast-enhanced CT. Histological examination of the mass was consistent with oncocytic schneiderian papilloma. It is of prime importance to recognize that a sinonasal lesion with intense hypermetabolism on {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT does not necessarily signify malignancy. Oncocytic schneiderian papilloma should be included in the differential diagnosis of an intensely hypermetabolic and solidly enhancing mass of the nasal cavities or paranasal sinuses.

  19. Ethmomaxillary sinus: a particular anatomic variation of the paranasal sinuses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sirikci, Akif; Bayram, Metin [Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep University, Kolejtepe, 27310, Gaziantep (Turkey); Bayazit, Y.A.; Kanlikama, Muzaffer [Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep University, Kolejtepe, 27310, Gaziantep (Turkey)

    2004-02-01

    We assessed the morphological and radiological characteristics of ethmomaxillary sinus (EMS), which is an enlarged posterior ethmoidal air cell occupying the superior portion of the maxillary sinus while draining into superior meatus. This study is based on 1450 patients submitted to CT examination of the paranasal sinuses between 1998 and 2002. Sequential CT scans were obtained in the coronal plane in all the patients with 2.5- to 5-mm section thickness and were evaluated for EMS. The diagnosis of EMS was made when there was a posterior ethmoidal cell occupying the superior part of the maxillary sinus while draining to the superior meatus. When EMS was diagnosed, the morphology of the septum between the and maxillary sinus, and width of the superior meatus, were noted. The EMS was found in 10 of 1450 (0.7%) patients. The coexisting anatomic variations were concha bullosa (50%), upper concha pneumatization (20%), maxillary sinus hypoplasia (20%), uncinate bulla (10%), hypertrophied inferior concha (10%), paradoxic middle concha (10%), and septate maxillary sinus (10%). There was no relation between EMS and sinus disease. The EMS is a rare anatomic variation and does not appear to be associated with sinusitis. The EMS is not a well-studied anatomic variation, and the literature is lacking adequate information about this anatomic variation. This study performed in a large series of patients will possibly contribute to better understanding of this particular anomaly. (orig.)

  20. Papel da punção do seio maxilar no diagnóstico e no tratamento de pacientes com rinossinusite hospitalar / The role of maxillary sinus puncture on the diagnosis and treatment of patients with hospital-acquired rhinosinusitis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José Arruda, Mendes Neto; Viviane Maria, Guerreiro; Elcio Roldan, Hirai; Eduardo Macoto, Kosugi; Rodrigo de Paula, Santos; Luis Carlos, Gregório.

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available A rinossinusite é uma das principais causas de febre em pacientes críticos e deve ser sistematicamente pesquisada. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o impacto da punção do seio maxilar à beira leito, no diagnóstico e no tratamento dos pacientes com rinossinusite infecciosa internados em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva [...] de um hospital universitário de alta complexidade. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo que avaliou os pacientes em ventilação mecânica com febre de origem indeterminada e sinais tomográficos de rinossinusite submetidos à punção do seio maxilar pelo meato inferior. RESULTADOS: A amostra total do estudo consistiu de 27 pacientes (70,3% do sexo masculino com média de idade 45,3 anos). Os diagnósticos de admissão mais frequentes na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva foram Trauma Crânio Encefálico e Acidente Vascular Cerebral. No exame tomográfico, os seios paranasais mais acometidos foram o maxilar, em 85,2%, e esfenoidal, em 74,1%. A secreção purulenta foi visualizada no meato médio em 30,7% das fossas nasais. Os microrganismos mais frequentes nos aspirados dos seios foram Pseudomonas aeruginosa e Acinetobacter baumannii. CONCLUSÃO: A punção do seio maxilar à beira leito demonstrou-se uma importante ferramenta diagnóstica e terapêutica nos pacientes de UTI com rinossinusite hospitalar, submetidos à ventilação mecânica invasiva. Abstract in english Rhinosinusitis is one of the most commom causes of fever of unknown origin in critically ill patients and should be systematically searched. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the diagnostic and therapeutic effect of maxillary sinus puncture performed at the bedside in patients with infective rh [...] inosinusitis hospitalized in an Intensive Care Unit of a high complexity care hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study looks into patients on mechanical ventilation with fever of unknown origin and signs of rhinosinusitis on CT images who were submitted to inferior meatus maxillary sinus puncture. RESULTS: The total study sample consisted of 27 patients (70.3% male; mean age 45.3 years). The most common Intensive Care Unit admission diagnoses were head trauma and stroke. CT scans revealed the maxillary (85.2%) and sphenoid (74.1%) sinuses were the most involved paranasal sinuses. Middle meatus purulent drainage was seen in 30.7% of the nasal cavities. Fever was reduced in 70.4% of the patients after puncture (p

  1. Aspergillosis of the sphenoid sinus with cavernous sinus syndrome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fujiwara, S.; Fujino, H.; Nishio, S. (Kyushu Univ., Fukuoka (Japan). Dept. of Neurosurgery); Nogami, S. (Kyushu Univ., Fukuoka (Japan). Dept. of Otolaryngology); Fukui, M.

    1989-11-01

    Aspergillosis of the paranasal sinuses is a well recognized entity and the maxillary sinus is the site most frequently involved. Involvement of the central nervous system is still quite uncommon. Cavernous sinus syndrome variable involvement of cranial nerves 2, 3, 4, 6, and the first division of the fifth is usually caused by either neoplastic or vascular involvement of the cavernous sinus. A rare case of isolated sphenoid sinus aspergillosis presenting with cavernous sinus syndrome is described with emphasis on the findings of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). (orig.).

  2. Aspergillosis of the sphenoid sinus with cavernous sinus syndrome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aspergillosis of the paranasal sinuses is a well recognized entity and the maxillary sinus is the site most frequently involved. Involvement of the central nervous system is still quite uncommon. Cavernous sinus syndrome variable involvement of cranial nerves 2, 3, 4, 6, and the first division of the fifth is usually caused by either neoplastic or vascular involvement of the cavernous sinus. A rare case of isolated sphenoid sinus aspergillosis presenting with cavernous sinus syndrome is described with emphasis on the findings of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). (orig.)

  3. Comparative Study on the Efficacy of Anorganic Bovine Bone (Bio-Oss) and Nanocrystalline Hydroxyapatite (Ostim) in Maxillary Sinus Floor Augmentation

    OpenAIRE

    Shirmohammadi, Adileh; Roshangar, Leila; Chitsazi, Mohammad Taghi; Pourabbas, Reza; Faramarzie, Masoumeh; Rahmanpour, Nasrin

    2014-01-01

    Purpose. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of anorganic bovine bone (Bio-Oss) in comparison with nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite (Ostim) in sinus floor augmentation. Methods. Ten patients aged 40–80 were selected. All the patients needed sinus floor augmentation due to insufficient bone for simultaneous implant placement. The patients underwent panoramic radiography and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) prior to surgical procedure. After lifting the sinus membrane, Bio-Oss ...

  4. Corpos estranhos de seio maxilar Maxillary foreign bodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Campos Meirelles

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available The authors present five cases of maxillary sinus foreign bodies, four of them (80% originated from surgical problems. They discuss their findings, enphasizing the difficulty and the importance of early diagnosis and treatment. They recommend the use of tied gauze in the surgical procedures in the maxillary sinus.

  5. Reconstrução do seio maxilar atrófico com enxerto autólogo de crista ilíaca: avaliação por tomografia computadorizada e radiografia panorâmica / Autologus crest iliac graft in the reconstruction of resorbed maxillary sinus: evaluation through computed tomography and panoramic radiography

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    André Luíz, Zétola; João Luiz, Carlini; Ricardo Pires de, Souza; Abrão, Rapoport.

    2002-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: As dificuldades para a utilização de implantes dentários osteointegrados em pacientes portadores de atrofia do seio maxilar justificaram o emprego de enxerto autólogo não vascularizado de crista ilíaca isolado ou associado à hidroxiapatita (HA) em 14 pacientes submetidos a 25 procedimento [...] s no Hospital das Nações, Curitiba, Paraná, portadores de atrofia do sinus maxilar. O objetivo foi avaliar comparativamente a precisão da tomografia computadorizada e da radiografia panorâmica, através da quantificação da neoformação óssea nesta estrutura. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionadas pacientes edentados, com altura óssea residual do rebordo gengival ao soalho do seio maxilar menor que 5mm. O enxerto medular de crista ilíaca fragmentada isolado ou misturado com HA foi colocado através da parede lateral no soalho atrófico da cuba maxilar por via submucosa. A avaliação quantitativa e qualitativa foi feita através da radiografia panorâmica e tomografia computadorizada, sendo utilizado na análise estatística a distribuição t de Student (prevalência de 0,05) para análise das variâncias, considerado que a leitura dos laudos radiológicos foi feita por dois especialistas, medindo a distância entre os pontos inferiores e superiores do enxerto no soalho do seio maxilar. RESULTADOS: Tivemos um ganho médio de 14,8mm em todos os procedimentos, com um erro maior que 3mm em 16 procedimentos (64%) e incorporação satisfatória do enxerto ósseo suficiente para futuro implante dentário. CONCLUSÕES: A tomografia computadorizada foi o método de escolha na avaliação qualitativa e quantitativa da incorporação de enxerto autólogo não vascularizado em seio maxilar atrófico. Abstract in english BACKGROUND:There are different methods to evaluate bone grafts in the maxillary sinus. Panoramic radiography is the most common one, even though assessment could be difficult. Occasionaly computerized tomography (CT)is another option but cost and radiation in excess should be considered. Our objecti [...] ve is to compare these two imaging methods. METHODS: Both panoramic radiogrphy and CT scan methods were used on 25 procedures in 14 patients on post-operative sinus lift with autogenous bone graft from the iliac crest. Two radiologists evaluated the quantity of the newly formed bone and the quality of the exam for each patient, through different imaging groups. RESULTS: The quantitative bone evaluation between the two types of exam showed a statistically significant difference (Student t-test=0,05) In some cases the difference was up to 14,8 mm between exams on the same patient, having an error of more than 3mm in 16 procedures (64%). CONCLUSIONS: It can be concluded that the quality of the image on the computerized tomography is superior and it is the most reliable method to determine the area of bone augmentation of the maxillary sinus after an antroplasty.

  6. Reconstrução do seio maxilar atrófico com enxerto autólogo de crista ilíaca: avaliação por tomografia computadorizada e radiografia panorâmica Autologus crest iliac graft in the reconstruction of resorbed maxillary sinus: evaluation through computed tomography and panoramic radiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Luíz Zétola

    2002-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: As dificuldades para a utilização de implantes dentários osteointegrados em pacientes portadores de atrofia do seio maxilar justificaram o emprego de enxerto autólogo não vascularizado de crista ilíaca isolado ou associado à hidroxiapatita (HA em 14 pacientes submetidos a 25 procedimentos no Hospital das Nações, Curitiba, Paraná, portadores de atrofia do sinus maxilar. O objetivo foi avaliar comparativamente a precisão da tomografia computadorizada e da radiografia panorâmica, através da quantificação da neoformação óssea nesta estrutura. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionadas pacientes edentados, com altura óssea residual do rebordo gengival ao soalho do seio maxilar menor que 5mm. O enxerto medular de crista ilíaca fragmentada isolado ou misturado com HA foi colocado através da parede lateral no soalho atrófico da cuba maxilar por via submucosa. A avaliação quantitativa e qualitativa foi feita através da radiografia panorâmica e tomografia computadorizada, sendo utilizado na análise estatística a distribuição t de Student (prevalência de 0,05 para análise das variâncias, considerado que a leitura dos laudos radiológicos foi feita por dois especialistas, medindo a distância entre os pontos inferiores e superiores do enxerto no soalho do seio maxilar. RESULTADOS: Tivemos um ganho médio de 14,8mm em todos os procedimentos, com um erro maior que 3mm em 16 procedimentos (64% e incorporação satisfatória do enxerto ósseo suficiente para futuro implante dentário. CONCLUSÕES: A tomografia computadorizada foi o método de escolha na avaliação qualitativa e quantitativa da incorporação de enxerto autólogo não vascularizado em seio maxilar atrófico.BACKGROUND:There are different methods to evaluate bone grafts in the maxillary sinus. Panoramic radiography is the most common one, even though assessment could be difficult. Occasionaly computerized tomography (CTis another option but cost and radiation in excess should be considered. Our objective is to compare these two imaging methods. METHODS: Both panoramic radiogrphy and CT scan methods were used on 25 procedures in 14 patients on post-operative sinus lift with autogenous bone graft from the iliac crest. Two radiologists evaluated the quantity of the newly formed bone and the quality of the exam for each patient, through different imaging groups. RESULTS: The quantitative bone evaluation between the two types of exam showed a statistically significant difference (Student t-test=0,05 In some cases the difference was up to 14,8 mm between exams on the same patient, having an error of more than 3mm in 16 procedures (64%. CONCLUSIONS: It can be concluded that the quality of the image on the computerized tomography is superior and it is the most reliable method to determine the area of bone augmentation of the maxillary sinus after an antroplasty.

  7. MAXILLARY ANTROLITH - A RARE CAUSE OF EPISTAXIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elangovan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Sinoliths are very rare calculi found particularly in maxillary , frontal and ethmoid sinuses. Sinolith present in the maxillary antrum is also called as antrolith. The origin of the nidus of calcification may be extrinsic (foreign body in sinus or intrinsic (stagnant mucus and fungal ball. Most antroliths are small and asymptomatic. Larger ones m ay present as sinusitis with symptoms like pain and discharge. An antrolith causing only epistaxis without associated sinusitis is very rare. We report a case of 55 yr. old male who came with h/o epistaxis. On evaluation the CT shows the presence of antrol ith in the left maxillary sinus.Caldwell - luc operation was done and the antrolith was removed. We report this case because of its rarity.

  8. Radiodiagnostics of maxillary osteomyelitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Osteomyelitis is defined as an inflammation or infection in bone tissues - cancellous bone, bone marrow, bone compacta and periosteum due to invasion of infection from surrounding tissues. Maxillary osteomyelitis is less common disease than osteomyelitis of mandible. This can be explained by anatomical structure of maxilla which is mainly composed of sinuses and thin bone lamellae. Such a structure allows rapid propagation of the infection to the surface. There have been examined and treated 70 patients with osteomyelitis of facial bones within past 15 years at Department of stomatology and maxillo-facial surgery of P.J. Safarik University in Kosice. Only four cases were diagnosed as maxillary osteomyelitis. The aim of this study was to mention the differences in anatomy and symptoms of acute and chronic stage of maxillary osteomyelitis and to give a detailed radiographic picture of this affliction. (authors)

  9. Change of reactive small round cell infiltration in the stroma after pre-operative 8 Gy irradiation using treatment to maxillary sinus carcinoma with Kitasato method and prognosis according to the change

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, we report the results of studying the degree of reactive small round cell infiltration in the stroma as a prognostic indicator of maxillary sinus carcinoma treated with the Kitasato method and the effect of preoperative irradiation at 8 Gy on infiltration in the stroma. Out of 74 patients who had been treated with this method in the 27 years from 1976 to 2002, the following patients were enrolled in this study: 17 patients from whom tissue specimens could be obtained with biopsies or probe antrotomies before preoperative irradiation, and 40 patients from whom tissue specimens could be obtained after preoperative irradiation including those who survived five years and who died of a specific cause. We classified the pattern of distribution of small round cell infiltration in the stroma into three degrees. Stromal infiltration was compared before and after the operation to recognize the prognosis for each patient based on the pattern of distribution of small round cell infiltration in the stroma. The correlation between the degree of stromal infiltration and prognosis was studied statistically. Both the patients with increased stromal infiltration and those postoperatively preserving a preoperative score of 2+ with irradiation at 8 Gy had a good prognosis. The five-year survival rate for patients was significantly higher in those with a score of 2+ for their tissue specimens. The Kitasato treatment method is effective and improves the quality of life (QOL) of patients with maxillary sinus carcinoma. The prognosis was good in the patients with increased or preserved stromal infiltration. The low-dose irradiation and chemotherapy used in combination seemed to be biological response modifiers. (author)

  10. Maxillary ameloblastoma: Report of three cases

    OpenAIRE

    Sapundžiev Petar; Ilieva Neli

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this report was to analyse surgical methods for treatment of maxillary ameloblastoma and present three cases from our clinical practice in the postoperative period from 1,5 to 3,5 years. We present three patients with maxillary ameloblastoma with different etiology - two male patients and one female child. The location of ameloblastoma next to the maxillary sinus and nasal cavity indicates long-term and asymptomatic growth and comprises difficulties in clinical and X - ray exam...

  11. Perforation of the sinus membrane during sinus floor elevation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    von Arx, Thomas; Fodich, Ivo; Bornstein, Michael M; Jensen, Simon S

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: To analyze the frequency of perforation of the sinus membrane during maxillary sinus floor elevation (SFE) and to assess possible risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-seven cases of SFE performed with a lateral window approach were evaluated retrospectively. Clinical and radiogra......PURPOSE: To analyze the frequency of perforation of the sinus membrane during maxillary sinus floor elevation (SFE) and to assess possible risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-seven cases of SFE performed with a lateral window approach were evaluated retrospectively. Clinical and...... (presence and height of septum, height of residual ridge, thickness of lateral sinus wall, width of antrum, and thickness and status of sinus membrane). RESULTS: The following factors presented with at least a 10% difference in rates of perforations: smokers (46.2%) versus nonsmokers (23.4%), simultaneous...... lateral window approach....

  12. Unusual ocular manifestations of silent sinus syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabricio Lopes da Fonseca

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Silent sinus syndrome is an acquired condition in which there is a gradual collapse of the orbital floor and inward retraction of the maxillary sinus (atelectasis of the maxillary sinus. This in turn may cause associated ocular occurrences of enophthalmos and hypotropia. This is a report of an 8 year-old boy with silent sinus syndrome and associated ocular motility disorders. The association between silent sinus syndrome and ocular motility disturbance has been recently described in the literature. However, this is an infrequent association, mainly in childhood.

  13. Comparison of Histopathological and CT Findings in Experimental Rabbit Sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozcan, K Murat; Ozcan, Ibrahim; Selcuk, Adin; Akdogan, Ozgur; Gurgen, Seren Gulsen; Deren, Tagmac; Koparal, Suha; Ozogul, Candan; Dere, Huseyin

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate and compare histopathological and computerized tomographic (CT) findings of experimental acute sinusitis in an animal model. The noses of five healthy rabbits were inoculated with a gelatin sponge impregnated with a solution containing Staphylococcus aureus, and one healthy rabbit acted as the control. The animals were sacrificed on the tenth day, following the acquisition of paranasal CT scans. Specimens were obtained from the lateral nasal walls, and the ethmoid and maxillary sinuses of the animals for histopathological examination. Histopathological and CT findings were compared. Various degrees of epithelial disorganization, foci of ruptured epithelial cells, and inflammatory cell infiltration in the lamina propria were seen in the histopathological examinations of the five study rabbits, and mucosal thickening and soft tissue density were noted in their CTs. There was no correlation between the histopathological and CT findings. It was shown that CT did not reflect the acute changes in the sinus mucosa. Patients with chronic sinusitis must be evaluated for a chronic process. Computerized tomographic scans should not be obtained in acute sinusitis cases. In this way, both unnecessary radiation exposure and economic waste can be avoided. PMID:22319718

  14. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma originating from the frontal sinus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haksever, Mehmet; Gündo?du, Ercan; Akduman, Davut; Haksever, Hülya; Karaca, Kemal; Ekici, Mehmet Ali; Solmaz, Fevzi

    2014-07-01

    Primary lymphoma of the paranasal sinuses is a rare entity. Most cases are reported to occur in the maxillary and ethmoid sinuses as well as the nasal cavity. Primary involvement of the frontal sinus is very rare. We report a 68-year-old man with a diagnosis of B-cell lymphoma (non-Hodgkin lymphoma) originating from his frontal sinus. PMID:25006942

  15. Fungal Involvement in Patients with Paranasal Sinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    Kordbacheh, P; Zaini, F.; Emami, M.; H Borghei; M Khaghanian; Safara, M

    2004-01-01

    Fungal involvement of the paranasal sinuses is frequently observed in the immunocompromised host and it can become lifethreatening if it is not diagnosed. Definitive diagnosis is made by tissue biopsy and culture. In this study biopsy materials of maxillary, ethmoidal and frontal sinuses of 60 patients with clinical manifestation of sinusitis and no response to medical therapy were assessed by mycological and pathological methods for the presence of fungi. Invasive fungal sinusitis was diagno...

  16. Bony anatomic variants of the paranasal sinuses and nasal septum. Comparison between normal and chronic sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Agger nasi cells, concha bullosa, Haller's cells and deviation of the nasal septum were evaluated with coronal plane computerized tomographic (CT) scanning in patients with normal paranasal sinuses (44 cases) and patients with chronic sinusitis (91 cases). Agger nasi cells were present in 68 (50.4%) of cases. Concha bullosa was present in 39 cases (28.9%), Haller's cells were present in 15 cases (11.1%), and deviation of the nasal septum was present in 64 cases (47.4%). Haller's cells were more commonly encountered in cases with normal paranasal sinuses (20.5%), than in cases with chronic sinusitis (6.6%). Other bony structural variations were noted at a similar frequency in both groups. Each sinus (frontal sinus, ethmoid sinus, maxillary sinus and sphenoid sinus) of patients with chronic sinusitis was then evaluated separately. Agger nasi cells were observed more frequently in chronic frontal sinusitis and ethmoid sinusitis compared to subjects with normal sinuses. Concha bullosa was observed more frequently in cases with normal frontal sinuses and ethmoid sinuses than in cases of chronic frontal sinusitis and ethmoid sinusitis. Haller's cells and deviation of the nasal septum were observed at a similar frequency in both groups. Based on these results, it was thought that these bony structural variations sometimes disturbed the reopening of the normal ventilation and drainage pathways of the paranasal sinuses at the stage of acute sinusitis. These nasal ventilatory disturbances may predispose the patient to recurrent sinusitis, and may finally result in chronic sinusitis. (author)

  17. Cinco casos de elevación del seno maxilar con autoinjertos: Estudio clínico, radiológico y análisis con MEB / Five clinical cases of augmentation of the maxillary sinus with autogenous bone graft: A clinical, radiological study and analysis with SEM

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Consuelo, Muñoz Muñoz; María de Nuria, Romero Olid; Manuel, Vallecillo Capilla.

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Realizamos una evaluación clínica, radiológica y análisis con microscopio electrónico de barrido (MEB) de 5 casos de elevación del seno maxilar (unilateral y bilateral) con injerto autógeno procedente de la cresta ilíaca y de la sínfisis mentoniana. Pacientes y método: Se realizó un es [...] tudio observacional de seguimiento en 5 pacientes (2 hombres y 3 mujeres) al primer mes, sexto mes y al primer año de la colocación del injerto, en el cual se midieron una serie de parámetros clínicos y radiológicos. Este estudio se completó con el análisis del injerto mediante MEB. Resultados: El injerto ha sido viable, permitiendo la realización del tratamiento implantológico. Sin embargo ha habido sintomatología que ha variado según el paciente, siendo la inflamación y el dolor los síntomas más frecuentes. La reabsorción del injerto se ha mantenido con niveles inferiores al 30%, siendo menor en el injerto procedente de la sínfisis mentoniana. Histológicamente los mecanismos de formación y de remodelación del nuevo hueso se han producido satisfactoriamente. Conclusión: La elevación del seno maxilar con autoinjertos es un tratamiento factible que posibilita la colocación de implantes en pacientes con atrofia posterior del maxilar superior. Abstract in english Introduction: We report a clinical and radiological evaluation and analysis with SEM of 5 clinical cases of augmentation of the maxillary sinus (unilateral and bilateral) with autogenous bone graft harvested of the illiac crest and mandibular symphysis. Material and method: We carried out a retrospe [...] ctive study in 5 patients (2 males and 3 females) with a follow-up at first month, sixth month and first year after bone transplantation, and evaluated clinical and radiological parameters. This study was completed with an histological analysis of the bone graft using SEM. Results: The bone graft was successful, allowing the implant treatment. However, there have been variable symptoms depending on the patients, being the inflammation and the pain the more frequent symptoms. The resorption of the bone graft was maintained with levels lower than 30%, being lesser in the bone graft harvested of the symphysis. Histologically, the mechanism of the formation and remodelation of the new bone were carried out satisfactorily. Conclusions: The augmentation of the maxillary sinus with autogenous bone graft is a feasible treatment that allows the placement of implants in patients with atrophy in the posterior part of the maxilla.

  18. Avaliação histológica de hidroxiapatita sintética associada a fosfato de cálcio (?-TCP) utilizados em levantamento de assoalho de seio maxilar / Histological evaluation of biphasic hydroxyapatite associated to beta tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP) used in maxillary sinus lift

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Luis Gustavo Jaime, Paiva; Aline Carvalho, Batista; Leandro Cardoso de, Carvalho; Robson Rodrigues, Garcia.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: Quando a altura do osso alveolar residual é insuficiente na região posterior da maxila, a elevação do assoalho do seio maxilar visando a viabilizar a instalação de implantes dentários é um procedimento indicado. O enxerto autógeno (EA) de regiões intra ou extraorais é considerado o padr [...] ão ouro para esse procedimento. Novas opções de substitutos ósseos vêm surgindo, como o Straumann(r) BoneCeramic (BC) - 60% constituído de hidroxiapatita e 40% de ? tricálcio fosfato, 100% sintético -, sendo o material utilizado no presente trabalho. Objetivo: Avaliar e comparar histologicamente o comportamento deste substituto ósseo com o enxerto ósseo autógeno. Material e método: Dez pacientes saudáveis e parcialmente desdentados na região posterior da maxila foram submetidos à elevação do assoalho do seio maxilar previamente à instalação de implantes dentários osseointegráveis, sendo, destes, cinco com EA e cinco com BC. Após seis meses do tempo de integração do enxerto ósseo, as amostras foram coletadas por uma trefina e coradas em hematoxilina e eosina para microscopia. Resultado: Todos os implantes osseointegráveis apresentaram boa estabilidade primária. A análise histológica demonstrou tecido ósseo neoformado viável em quatro das cinco amostras do BC, além de um íntimo contato do tecido ósseo mineralizado recém-formado com as partículas do BC. Em uma amostra do BC, não foi observada formação de osso viável. O tecido ósseo formado a partir do EA e do BC apresentou uma característica histológica similar. Conclusão: O BC se mostrou um material adequado para a elevação do assoalho do seio maxilar previamente à instalação de implantes dentários osseointegráveis. Abstract in english Introduction: Sinus lift to permit insertion of implants when alveolar residual bone height is insufficient may be considered an effective procedure. The use of autogenous bone from intraoral or extraoral sources is considered as the gold standard for this procedure. New options of bone substitutes [...] have been emphasizing, such as Straumann(r) BoneCeramic (BC), consisting of 60% of hydroxyapatite and 40% of calcium phosphate, 100% synthetic material that was used in this work. Objective: This investigation was designed to evaluate and compare the behavior of a fully synthetic biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) 60% hydroxyapatite and 40% of ?-tricalcium phosphate (Straumann(r) Bone-Ceramic) to the autogenous bone graft (ABG) in maxillary sinus floor elevation procedure prior to installation dental implants. Material and method: Ten healthy patients who were partially edentulous in the posterior maxilla were included in this study and submitted to a unilateral maxillary sinus floor elevation procedure, with grafting using either ABG (control group; 5 patients) or BCP (test group; 5 patients). After 6 months of healing implant sites were created and biopsies taken for histological analyses. Result: A primary stability was achieved with all dental implants after the biopsies. Histological investigation showed a viable new bone tissue formed in 4 of 5 BCP specimens. Also, showed close contact between new bone and BCP particles, in 4 of 5 specimens. In 1 of 5 BCP specimens no viable bone tissue was found. Both ABG and BCP produced similar amounts of newly formed bone, with similar histologic appearance. Conclusion: The results indicate that BCP is a suitable material for sinus augmentation for the placement of dental implants.

  19. Ameloblastoma of the frontal sinuses: a rare site for recurrence

    OpenAIRE

    Coombs, AC

    2011-01-01

    Ameloblastoma is a benign odontogenic tumour which commonly recurs after initial surgery; most recurrences occur at the site of the primary tumour. A rare case of recurrence of a maxillary ameloblastoma in the frontal sinuses is presented. To our knowledge there are no previous reports in the literature of a benign maxillary ameloblastoma extending into the frontal sinuses.

  20. Normal development of paranasal sinuses in children: A CT study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the normal development of the paranasal sinuses in children with CT, authors prospectively studied with brain CT scans of 260 children without known sinus disease, ranging image from 7 days to 16 years. Maximal anteroposterior and transverse diameters(mm) and maximal cross- sectional area(mm2) of both sides of the maxillary sinus were measured with the aid of computer device. As to the ethmoidal and spheroidal sinuses, we simply documented the presence of the aplastic ethmoidal sinus and calculated the age-incidence of the spheroidal sinus pneumatization, respectively.There noted three phases in the development of the maxillary sinus. The anteroposterior and transverse diameters of the maxillary sinus increased nearly in parallel. The former was always greater than the latter. In no cases was the edathamil sinus aplastic and almost all sinuses were pneumatized even in infants as early as 7 old days. CT identified the conchal pattern of sphenoidal sinus pneumatization infants as early as 11 days old. Sphenoidal sinus pneumatization was seen in 38% of the children under the age of 1 year, 82% of the children between the age of 1 and 2 years, and almost all children older than 2 years. The anteroposterior and transverse diameters of the maxillary sinus seem to reach the adult size by 8 years of age, and the conchal pattern of sphemoidal sinus pneumatization can be recognized earlier with CT than on the plain radiographs

  1. Alternativas a la elevación de seno maxilar: rehabilitación del sector posterior del maxilar atrófico mediante implantes pterigoideos / Alternatives to maxillary sinus lift: posterior area of the atrophic maxilla rehabilitation by means pterigoideal implants

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    X., Rodríguez-Ciurana; X., Vela Nebot; V., Mendez; M., Segalá.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available El primer y segundo molar son los dientes que se pierden más a menudo debido a la enfermedad periodontal y al exceso de fuerzas oclusales. A pesar de la frecuencia del edentulismo parcial del sector posterior raramente se ubican los implantes más allá de los premolares debido al aumento del índice d [...] e fallos. El escaso volumen óseo y la pobre mineralización del sector posterior del maxilar comprometen la viabilidad de las rehabilitaciones con implantes a largo plazo. Además, la cresta ósea a nivel del seno maxilar, en el maxilar atrófico, no suele permitir el anclaje de implantes de 10 mm. Se han propuesto varias técnicas para rehabilitar el sector posterior del maxilar atrófico: implantes cortos, extensiones protésicas, injerto sinusal, implante cigomático. El implante pterigoideo es otro de los posibles tratamientos para rehabilitar el sector posterior del maxilar atrófico. Anclado en el hueso cortical de la apófisis del esfenoides el implante pterigoideo evita la necesidad de injertar o utilizar extensiones protésicas. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar las indicaciones, la técnica, complicaciones y supervivencia del implante pterigoideo en el sector posterior del maxilar atrófico. Abstract in english The first and second molar are the teeth most commonly lost in the maxilla, mainly due to periodontal disease and excessive occlusal force. 1 Although partial edentulism of the posterior maxilla is common, implants are seldom placed distal to the premolars because failure rates in the posterior maxi [...] lla have historically been high. Poor volume and low density of bone are the worst conditions for long-term anchorage in the maxilla. 7 Moreover, bone under the maxillary sinus, in the atrophic maxilla, is usually insufficient to enable placement of 10 mm implants. Several techniques have been proposed to restore the atrophic posterior maxilla: short implants, prosthetic cantilevers, sinus bone graft, zigomatic fixtures. Pterygoid implants are other possible treatment of the atrophic edentulous posterior maxilla. Anchored in the cortical bone of the pterygoid process, such implants avoid the need for bone grafting and/or prosthetic cantilevering. The aim of this article is to analyst indications, surgical procedure, complications and survival rates of pterygoid implants in the posterior atrophic maxilla.

  2. Alternativas a la elevación de seno maxilar: rehabilitación del sector posterior del maxilar atrófico mediante implantes pterigoideos Alternatives to maxillary sinus lift: posterior area of the atrophic maxilla rehabilitation by means pterigoideal implants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    X. Rodríguez-Ciurana

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available El primer y segundo molar son los dientes que se pierden más a menudo debido a la enfermedad periodontal y al exceso de fuerzas oclusales. A pesar de la frecuencia del edentulismo parcial del sector posterior raramente se ubican los implantes más allá de los premolares debido al aumento del índice de fallos. El escaso volumen óseo y la pobre mineralización del sector posterior del maxilar comprometen la viabilidad de las rehabilitaciones con implantes a largo plazo. Además, la cresta ósea a nivel del seno maxilar, en el maxilar atrófico, no suele permitir el anclaje de implantes de 10 mm. Se han propuesto varias técnicas para rehabilitar el sector posterior del maxilar atrófico: implantes cortos, extensiones protésicas, injerto sinusal, implante cigomático. El implante pterigoideo es otro de los posibles tratamientos para rehabilitar el sector posterior del maxilar atrófico. Anclado en el hueso cortical de la apófisis del esfenoides el implante pterigoideo evita la necesidad de injertar o utilizar extensiones protésicas. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar las indicaciones, la técnica, complicaciones y supervivencia del implante pterigoideo en el sector posterior del maxilar atrófico.The first and second molar are the teeth most commonly lost in the maxilla, mainly due to periodontal disease and excessive occlusal force. 1 Although partial edentulism of the posterior maxilla is common, implants are seldom placed distal to the premolars because failure rates in the posterior maxilla have historically been high. Poor volume and low density of bone are the worst conditions for long-term anchorage in the maxilla. 7 Moreover, bone under the maxillary sinus, in the atrophic maxilla, is usually insufficient to enable placement of 10 mm implants. Several techniques have been proposed to restore the atrophic posterior maxilla: short implants, prosthetic cantilevers, sinus bone graft, zigomatic fixtures. Pterygoid implants are other possible treatment of the atrophic edentulous posterior maxilla. Anchored in the cortical bone of the pterygoid process, such implants avoid the need for bone grafting and/or prosthetic cantilevering. The aim of this article is to analyst indications, surgical procedure, complications and survival rates of pterygoid implants in the posterior atrophic maxilla.

  3. Maxillary sinus floor augmentation on humans: Packing simulations and 8 months histomorphometric comparative study of anorganic bone matrix and ?-tricalcium phosphate particles as grafting materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, A.; Franco, J.; Saiz, E.; Guitian, F.

    2011-01-01

    The present study compares the behaviour of an anorganic bone matrix material and a synthetic ?-Tricalcium phosphate employed as grafting materials in a sinus floor augmentation two step protocol in humans. In order to estimate the initial occupation level for the two materials, an ‘in vitro’ simulation has been performed to analyse macroporosity created due to particle packing in terms of porosity and interparticle distances. Grafting in the sinus floor augmentation was performed by filling the defects only with pure grafting materials without autogenous bone addition. The new-bone generated is 100% based on the osteoconductive properties of the grafted materials in contact with physiological fluids. The implants were placed 8 months after the grafting procedure. All the implanted positions were biopsied and embedded in methacrylate resin. Histomorphometric analyses were done over thin film undecalcified sections. Packing simulations allow establishing a comparison of the resorbed volumes related to the initial occupancy of the grafting materials inside the defect. The nature of this interconnected pore network is very alike for either material so new-bone generated was similar (~35 vol.%). PMID:21625341

  4. VALIDACIÓN DE LA PANORÁMICA TOMOGRÁFICA COMO HERRAMIENTA DIAGNÓSTICA PARA PATOLOGÍA DEL SENO MAXILAR / VALIDATION OF PANORAMIC TOMOGRAPHY AS A TOOL TO DIAGNOSE MAXILLARY SINUS PATHOLOGIES

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José S., Domínguez Mejía; Germán, Aguilar Méndez; Lisandro, Guerra Restrepo; Natalia, Contreras Gómez; Ana M., Aristizábal.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available [...] Abstract in english INTRODUCCIÓN: la imaginología es importante en la valoración diagnóstica y una herramienta útil para la selección de procedimientos en pacientes de los que se sospecha patología maxilofacial. Entre las diferentes modalidades imaginológicas maxilofaciales se encuentran la radiografía panorámica y la [...] tomografía computarizada Cone beam, desarrollada como alternativa a la tomografía convencional, actualmente descrita como Gold standard para imaginología del área oral y maxilofacial. MÉTODOS:observación por dos evaluadores previamente calibrados de 100 tomografías Cone beam y 100 panorámicas tomográficas de pacientes seleccionados aleatoriamente; aplicación de análisis univariado, medidas de tendencia central, y definición de la sensibilidad, especificidad, valor predictivo positivo y negativo en tablas específicas de 2 x 2 aplicando el estudio prueba de una prueba. RESULTADOS: los resultados obtenidos muestran que la panorámica tomográfica tipo Cone beam como prueba diagnóstica frente a la tomografía computarizada Cone beam para evaluar imágenes compatibles con patología sinusal (pólipo, quiste y engrosamiento mucoso) tiene sensibilidad y especificidad variable dependiendo del tipo de patología sinusal, con nivel de confianza del 95% y con coeficiente de kappa con valor de 1 para las tomografías axiales computarizadas y de 0,94-1,0 para la panorámica tomográfica tipo Cone beam. CONCLUSIONES: la panorámica tomográfica Cone beam es lo suficientemente sensible y específica para ser utilizada como herramienta diagnóstica en patología de seno maxilar.

  5. Acoustic rhinometry: influence of paranasal sinuses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hilberg, O; Pedersen, O F

    1996-01-01

    The influence of the maxillary sinuses in acoustic rhinometry (AR) has not been evaluated, and this is the aim of the present study. We examined six subjects with AR and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after nasal decongestion to compare the area-distance relationships determined by the two...... inclusion of sinuses. A similar difference in AR was seen in two subjects before and after the nasal cavities were flushed with saline to fill up the maxillary sinuses. The measured volume in the first 50 mm of the nasal cavity models was unaffected by the sinuses, but the volume in the first 70 mm...... from the contralateral nasal cavity. We conclude that the maxillary sinuses may significantly contribute to the acoustically determined areas in the posterior part of the nasal cavity and the epipharynx, especially during decongestion, and may explain a part of the difference between area-distance...

  6. Allergic Fungal Sinusitis Presenting as a Paranasal Sinus Tumor

    OpenAIRE

    Mehrzad Pourjafar; Negar Azarpira; Mohammad Javad Ashraf; Bijan Khademi

    2005-01-01

    We present a case of allergic fungal sinusitis (AFB) in a 20-year old man with few months' history of bilateral nasal obstruction and discharge with unilateral proptosis that underwent maxillary antrostomy due to the mass in paranasal sinuses. Histological examination of tissue showed branching fungal hyphae interspersed with allergic mucin without fungal invasion to soft tissue. The patient received local steroid for 4 months and had no problem during follow up. Fungal culture was perfo...

  7. Tumor odontogênico cístico calcificante com proliferação ameloblastomosa em seio maxilar / Calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor with ameloblastoma proliferation in the maxillary sinus

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maria Carolina Gonçalves, Carnasciali; Thays Almeida, Alfaya; Patricia Nivoloni, Tannure; Ruth Tramontani, Ramos; Roberta, Barcelos; Cresus Vinicius Depes, Gouvêa.

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available O tumor odontogênico cístico calcificante (TOCC) com proliferação ameloblastomosa é uma variante rara entre os cistos maxilares. Este trabalho objetiva apresentar o relato clínico de um paciente do sexo masculino, 18 anos de idade, que apresentava aumento de volume extra e intraoral do lado esquerdo [...] da maxila, firme à palpação, de característica normocrômica e indolor. A conduta consistiu em realização de tomografia Cone Beam, biópsia incisional, remoção completa da lesão, curetagem e fixação maxilar. O paciente encontra-se em acompanhamento clínico e radiográfico sem recidiva após doze meses. Dessa forma, ressalta-se a importância do diagnóstico precoce, a conduta clínica empregada e o acompanhamento periódico. Abstract in english Calcifying cystic odontogenic tumors (CCOT) with proliferative ameloblastoma are a rare variant among maxillary cysts. This study aims to present a clinical report of an 18-year-old male patient with extra and intra oral swelling of the left maxilla, firm to touch, with normochromic characteristics [...] and painless. The clinical approach comprised cone-beam tomography, incisional biopsy, complete removal of the lesion, curettage and maxilla fixation. His clinical and radiographic follow-up has revealed no relapse after 12 months. Hence, this study corroborates the importance of early diagnosis, clinical approach and periodical follow-ups.

  8. The role of functional sinus surgery for treatment of antrochoanal polyp

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vuji?i? Z.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Antrochoanal polyp (ACP is a benign lesion which arises from the mucosa of maxillary sinus, fills it and expands through natural ostium towards choana protruding in the epipharynx. Objective: to present our experience in endoscopic surgery of ACP. Material and methods: prospective study included 24 patients operated at the Institute of Otorinolaryngology and Maxillofacial surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, in the period 2002- 2004. Subjective symptoms, endoscopic and CT findings were evaluated postoperatively, following up the patients in the period 12-20 months. Subjective difficulties of patients were tested by 100mm-analogue scale, while endoscopic and CT findings were demonstrated by three-stage scale from 0 to 2. Applying the technique of ACP extraction in Trendelenburg’s position and approaching the part which protrudes in the epipharynx, we successfully removed the endonasal part by means of curved forceps for epipharyngeal biopsy. By endoscopic middle meatotomy, the natural ostium of maxillary sinus was expanded and pathological process from the very sinus was successfully removed. Results: only one female patient had the majority of symptoms after the operation, while all others had no complaints. Endoscopic and CT findings were normal in all patients at the latest control, without any signs of ACP recurrence. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications. Conclusion: minimal damage to sinus mucosa due to forceps is lesser problem than complications developed upon creating even the miniature opening in the canine fossa. Using this technique, a dexterous surgeon may successfully extract pathological process with minimal incidence of recurrence, and, more important, with no complications and maximally fast recovery of patients. .

  9. Tooth in Ethmoid Sinus: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Tayebe Kazemei; Akbar Bayat; Mahmood Shishegar

    2009-01-01

    Ectopic eruption of teeth occurs in a variety of locations.Commonly seen in palate and maxillary sinus, they have alsobeen reported in nasal cavity, orbit, mandibular condyle,coronoid process, and facial skin.Here, we report a rare case of recurrent sinusitis caused byectopic tooth in right ethmoid sinus and successful endoscopicremoval of it. The symptoms of the patient disappeared aftersurgery. Such case has not been yet reported in the Englishliterature.Ectopic tooth is an uncommon cause o...

  10. Management of fungal sinusitis: A retrospective study in a medical college hospital

    OpenAIRE

    Naik, Sudhir M.; Ravishankar S; Deekshith RM; Sherry J; Pooja N; Shashikumar T; Shankarnarayan Bhatt

    2015-01-01

    Background/ objectives: Fungus balls are extra-mucosal collections of fungal elements, usually localized to a single sinus cavity, commonly the maxillary sinus. They appear as partial or complete heterogeneous opacification of the involved sinus with occasional metal dense opacities on CT scan. Here we report a case series of fungal sinusitis with multiple sinus involvement. Materials and methods: We report a case series analysis of 46 cases of fungal sinusitis managed in our department fo...

  11. The Importance of Paranasal Sinuses Computed Tomography Scan (CT scan) in Sinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    Shervin Sharif Kashany

    2009-01-01

    "nThe inflammatory changes of paranasal sinus (PNS) mucosa or sinusitis are among the most common inflammatory diseases of the human body. Diagnosis of sinusitis is based on clinical findings. Sinusitis could be clinically presented as acute and chronic entities which these can only be differentiated from each other on the basis of the duration of the patient’s symptoms and signs, and the imaging cannot be useful for this differentiation. "n The major role of imag...

  12. Quiste dentígero asociado con un diente ectópico en el seno maxilar: Reporte de un caso y revisión de la literatura / Dentigerous cyst associated with an ectopic tooth in the maxillary sinus: A report of one case and review of the literature

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    D., Antunes Freitas; C.I., Vergara Hernández; A., Díaz Caballero; V., Comino Mol.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El quiste dentígero o folicular es un quiste odontogénico benigno que se encuentra relacionado con la corona de dientes no erupcionados con mayor porcentaje de incidencia en terceros molares, caninos y dientes supernumerarios; los cuales se pueden hallar en posiciones ectópicas, en el maxilar superi [...] or se ubican preferentemente en el seno maxilar. Se reporta caso de un quiste dentígero asociado a un tercer molar superior izquierdo en el seno maxilar en un paciente femenino de 19 años de edad la cual es remitida a la Clínica de Diagnóstico Oral en la Escuela de Odontología Curso de Funorte-Brasil. De igual manera se realizo una revisión bibliográfica de esta entidad patológica, sus características clínicas, tratamiento y pronostico. Abstract in english Dentigerous or follicular cyst is a benign odontogenic cyst is related to the crown of unerupted teeth with the highest percentage of incidence in third molars, canines and supernumerary teeth which can be found in ectopic positions in the upper jaw are located preferably in the maxillary sinus. We [...] report a case of dentigerous cyst associated with a left upper third molar into the maxillary sinus in a female patient 19 years old who is sent to the Oral Diagnosis Clinic at the School of Dentistry Course Funorte-Brazil. In the same way we made a literature review of this pathological entity, their clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis.

  13. Quiste dentígero asociado con un diente ectópico en el seno maxilar: Reporte de un caso y revisión de la literatura Dentigerous cyst associated with an ectopic tooth in the maxillary sinus: A report of one case and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Antunes Freitas

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El quiste dentígero o folicular es un quiste odontogénico benigno que se encuentra relacionado con la corona de dientes no erupcionados con mayor porcentaje de incidencia en terceros molares, caninos y dientes supernumerarios; los cuales se pueden hallar en posiciones ectópicas, en el maxilar superior se ubican preferentemente en el seno maxilar. Se reporta caso de un quiste dentígero asociado a un tercer molar superior izquierdo en el seno maxilar en un paciente femenino de 19 años de edad la cual es remitida a la Clínica de Diagnóstico Oral en la Escuela de Odontología Curso de Funorte-Brasil. De igual manera se realizo una revisión bibliográfica de esta entidad patológica, sus características clínicas, tratamiento y pronostico.Dentigerous or follicular cyst is a benign odontogenic cyst is related to the crown of unerupted teeth with the highest percentage of incidence in third molars, canines and supernumerary teeth which can be found in ectopic positions in the upper jaw are located preferably in the maxillary sinus. We report a case of dentigerous cyst associated with a left upper third molar into the maxillary sinus in a female patient 19 years old who is sent to the Oral Diagnosis Clinic at the School of Dentistry Course Funorte-Brazil. In the same way we made a literature review of this pathological entity, their clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis.

  14. Elevación de seno maxilar y colocación simultánea de implantes utilizando plasma rico en factores de crecimiento (PRFC), hidroxiapatita y aloinjerto: Reporte de un caso de siete años / Maxillary sinus elevation and simultaneous implant placement using PRGF (plasma rich in growth factors), hydroxyapatite and allogenic graft: Seven year case report

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Nayibe, Hernández Tejeda; Ma. del Carmen, López Buendía.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available La elevación de piso de seno maxilar es un procedimiento quirúrgico predecible que se realiza con la finalidad de aumentar verticalmente la cantidad de hueso en la región posterior del maxilar para poder realizar una rehabilitación protésica implantosoportada. El propósito de este trabajo es describ [...] ir un caso clínico donde se realizó elevación de piso de seno maxilar utilizando plasma rico en factores de crecimiento, hidroxiapatita absorbible y aloinjerto óseo como materiales de injerto subantral y la colocación simultánea de dos implantes de superficie tratada (Osseotite, 3i) y reportar los resultados clínicos y radiográficos obtenidos siete días, seis meses y siete años después de la cirugía, observando una cicatrización adecuada tanto clínica como radiográficamente. El procedimiento quirúrgico utilizado en este caso clínico resultó una buena opción para poder colocar implantes en áreas maxilares posteriores atróficas. Abstract in english Maxillary sinus floor elevation is a predictable surgical procedure meant to vertically increase the amount of bone in the posterior region of the upper jaw to enable placement of a prosthetic rehabilitation device supported by implants. The aim of the present article was to describe elevation of th [...] e maxillary sinus floor using plasma rich in growth factors, absorbable hydroxyapatite and bone allograft as sub-antral graft materials with simultaneous placement of two surface treated implants (Osseotite, 3i). The present article also reported clinical and radiographic results obtained at seven days, six months and seven years after the surgery. From the clinical and radiographic standpoint suitable healing was observed. The surgical procedure used in the present clinical case was considered a suitable option to place implants in atrophic maxillary areas.

  15. [Coinfection of rhinocerebral mucormycosis and sinus aspergillosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres-Damas, William; Yumpo-Cárdenas, Daniel; Mota-Anaya, Evelin

    2015-12-01

    Mucormycosis and aspergillosis are the most frequent fungal infections caused by filamentous fungi; coinfection in the same host is rare. We present a case of a 78-year-old male patient with the debut of type 2 diabetes mellitus and ketoacidosis, with swelling of the right side of the face, right facial paralysis, ptosis and a necrotic ulcer in the right palate. Facial Computed tomography showed an abscess of the right maxillary sinus. Cultured secretions revealed Aspergillus fumigatus. The pathology result of biopsies of the palate, maxillary sinus and ethmoid bone was consistent with mucormycosis. The patient was treated with voriconazole, amphotericin B deoxycholate, and surgical debridement of the maxillary sinus. The patient died despite the treatment. The coinfection of Rhinocerebral mucormycosis and aspergillosis should be suspected in immunosuppressed patients in order to establish early management that can permit an improved prognosis of the disease. PMID:26732934

  16. Allergic rhinitis and sinusitis in children

    OpenAIRE

    Manole, F

    2011-01-01

    There is an important relationship between allergy and acute and chronic rhinosinusitis in children. Objective: The present study establishes a correlation between nasal allergy and paranasal sinus disease in children.We follow there parameters: the alteration of paranasal sinus mucosa recorded by imaging method, recurrent attack of acute sinusitis and chronic rhinosinusitis resistant at medical treatment at patients diagnosed by intermittent and persistent allergic rhinitis.Material and me...

  17. Absence of pulmonary aspiration of sinus contents in patients with asthma and sinusitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bardin, P.G.; Van Heerden, B.B.; Joubert, J.R. (Univ. of Stellenbosch (South Africa))

    1990-07-01

    The frequent association of asthma and paranasal sinusitis has been ascribed to a nasobronchial reflex, aspiration of sinus secretions, or enhanced beta-adrenergic blockade. We investigated possible pulmonary aspiration in a pilot study (eight patients) and follow-up study (13 patients) by means of a radionuclide technique. In the pilot study, the aim was to demonstrate aspiration as well as visibility of the radionuclide in the thorax during a period of 24 hours. The radionuclide was initially placed bronchoscopically in the bronchial tree in four patients and was still clearly visible in the same position after 24 hours in three patients. Aspiration from the nasopharynx was unequivocally demonstrated in two of four patients with depressed consciousness. The follow-up study population consisted of four patients with maxillary sinusitis only and nine patients with sinusitis and asthma. The radionuclide was placed in a maxillary sinus during therapeutic puncture. In the patients with only sinusitis as well as patients with asthma and sinusitis the radionuclide could be demonstrated in the maxillary sinus, nasopharynx, esophagus, and lower gastrointestinal tract during a 24-hour period. However, no pulmonary aspiration of radionuclide could be demonstrated in any patient. We conclude that seeding of the lower airways by mucopurulent secretions is unlikely to account for coexistent pulmonary disease. The association is probably related to generalized mucosal disease affecting both upper and lower airways.

  18. Absence of pulmonary aspiration of sinus contents in patients with asthma and sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The frequent association of asthma and paranasal sinusitis has been ascribed to a nasobronchial reflex, aspiration of sinus secretions, or enhanced beta-adrenergic blockade. We investigated possible pulmonary aspiration in a pilot study (eight patients) and follow-up study (13 patients) by means of a radionuclide technique. In the pilot study, the aim was to demonstrate aspiration as well as visibility of the radionuclide in the thorax during a period of 24 hours. The radionuclide was initially placed bronchoscopically in the bronchial tree in four patients and was still clearly visible in the same position after 24 hours in three patients. Aspiration from the nasopharynx was unequivocally demonstrated in two of four patients with depressed consciousness. The follow-up study population consisted of four patients with maxillary sinusitis only and nine patients with sinusitis and asthma. The radionuclide was placed in a maxillary sinus during therapeutic puncture. In the patients with only sinusitis as well as patients with asthma and sinusitis the radionuclide could be demonstrated in the maxillary sinus, nasopharynx, esophagus, and lower gastrointestinal tract during a 24-hour period. However, no pulmonary aspiration of radionuclide could be demonstrated in any patient. We conclude that seeding of the lower airways by mucopurulent secretions is unlikely to account for coexistent pulmonary disease. The association is probably related to generalized mucosal disease affecting both upper and lower airways

  19. Autogenous tooth bone graft block for sinus augmentation with simultaneous implant installation: a technical note

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Kwang-Ho; Kim, Young-Kyun; Cho, Woo-Jin; Murata, Masaru; Mitsugi, Masaharu

    2015-01-01

    In cases of severe alveolar bone atrophy in the posterior maxillary area, which has only a thin sinus floor, the autogenous tooth bone graft block (ABTB) was used to wrap the implant to enhance its primary stability and osseointegration in the sinus. These cases with four years of clinical follow-up demonstrate the applicability of the ABTB in maxillary sinus membrane elevation to improve the outcomes of implant placement. PMID:26568934

  20. Laser therapy in sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The sinusitis is an inflammation of one or more breasts peri-nasals. It is common in the months of winter and it can last months or years if it is not treat. At the moment we have several means that try to offer our patients a better treatment. One of these instruments is the low power laser that for their properties to the interaction with the biological tissues offers therapeutic effects on the alive tissues, achieving at the level cellular important changes for a quick answer of the damaged tissue. We intended to demonstrate the effectiveness of the treatment with low power laser in patient with sinusitis. It was carried out an explanatory and retrospective study, where it was applied as treatment the low power laser, for that which a team of model Cuban production Fisser 21. The feminine sex, the affected age group prevailed it was among 36 to 50 years for both groups, the maxillary sinusitis prevailed regarding the frontal. The migraine, the nasal obstruction and the sensation of congestion of the head were present in most of the cases. 75% of the patients' treaties noticed improvement of the symptoms between the 1st and 3rd sessions. At the end 80% cured without necessity of a second treatment cycle. The accompanying symptoms almost disappeared in their entirety. We recommend using the treatment of low power laser, as therapy of first line for the treatment of sinusitis of infectious cause. (Author)

  1. Adult Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Epiphora (Excessive Tearing) Disclosure Statement Printer Friendly Adult Sinusitis Berrylin J. Ferguson, MD Sarah K. Wise, MD ... determine the best treatment for your condition. COMMON SINUSITIS SYMPTOMS Nasal obstruction or nasal congestion Thick & discolored ...

  2. Bone defect repair on the alveolar wall of the maxillary sinus using collagen membranes and temporal fascia: an experimental study in monkeys / Reparo em defeito ósseo da parede alveolar do seio maxilar utilizando membranas de colágeno e fáscia temporal: estudo experimental em macacos

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Adalberto Novaes, Silva; José Américo de, Oliveira; Maria Célia, Jamur; José Ari Gualberto, Junqueira; Vani Maria, Correa; Wilma Terezinha Anselmo, Lima.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Poucos experimentos têm sido conduzidos utilizando o princípio da regeneração óssea guiada nas perfurações ósseas do seio maxilar. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o processo de reparo ósseo em defeitos cirúrgicos experimentais realizados na parede alveolar do seio maxilar, comunicando-se com a cavidade sinusal ut [...] ilizando membranas de colágeno e fáscia temporal. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Neste estudo prospectivo, experimental, foram realizados defeitos ósseos em paredes alveolares dos seios maxilares comunicando-se com as cavidades sinusais de quatro macacos pregos (Cebus apella) com membranas de colágeno Gen-derm - Genius Baumer, Pro-tape - Proline e fáscia temporal autóloga e análises histológicas após 180 dias. RESULTADOS: No defeito experimental sem cobertura com métodos de barreira predominou proliferação óssea em dois animais e nos outros dois, tecido conjuntivo fibroso; no grupo em que foi utilizado fáscia temporal predominou tecido conjuntivo fibroso em três animais e proliferação óssea em um animal; nos grupos com membranas de colágeno Gen-derm Pro-tape houve completa proliferação óssea em três animais e predomínio de tecido conjuntivo fibroso em um animal. CONCLUSÕES: Os defeitos cirúrgicos experimentais podem ser reparados, tanto por tecido ósseo como por tecido conjuntivo fibroso, e o uso de membranas de colágeno trouxeram benefícios ao processo de reparo ósseo Abstract in english Few studies has been done using guided bone regeneration in maxillary sinus defects. AIM: To assess the bone repair process in surgical defects on the alveolar wall of the monkey maxillary sinus, which communicates with the sinus cavity, by using collagen membranes: Gen-derm - Genius Baumer, Pro-tap [...] e - Proline and autologous temporal fascia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective and experimental study, orosinusal communications were performed in four tufted capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) and histologic analysis was carried out 180 days after. RESULTS: In the defects without a cover (control), bone proliferation predominated in two animals and fibrous connective tissue predominated in the other two. In defects repaired with a temporal fascia flap, fibrous connective tissue predominated in three animals and bone proliferation predominated in one. In the defects repaired with Gen-derm or Pro-tape collagen membranes there was complete bone proliferation in three animals and fibrous connective tissue in one. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical defect can be repaired with both bone tissue and fibrous connective tissue in all study groups; collagen membranes was more beneficial in the bone repair process than temporal fascia or absence of a barrier

  3. Bone defect repair on the alveolar wall of the maxillary sinus using collagen membranes and temporal fascia: an experimental study in monkeys Reparo em defeito ósseo da parede alveolar do seio maxilar utilizando membranas de colágeno e fáscia temporal: estudo experimental em macacos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adalberto Novaes Silva

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Few studies has been done using guided bone regeneration in maxillary sinus defects. AIM: To assess the bone repair process in surgical defects on the alveolar wall of the monkey maxillary sinus, which communicates with the sinus cavity, by using collagen membranes: Gen-derm - Genius Baumer, Pro-tape - Proline and autologous temporal fascia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective and experimental study, orosinusal communications were performed in four tufted capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella and histologic analysis was carried out 180 days after. RESULTS: In the defects without a cover (control, bone proliferation predominated in two animals and fibrous connective tissue predominated in the other two. In defects repaired with a temporal fascia flap, fibrous connective tissue predominated in three animals and bone proliferation predominated in one. In the defects repaired with Gen-derm or Pro-tape collagen membranes there was complete bone proliferation in three animals and fibrous connective tissue in one. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical defect can be repaired with both bone tissue and fibrous connective tissue in all study groups; collagen membranes was more beneficial in the bone repair process than temporal fascia or absence of a barrierPoucos experimentos têm sido conduzidos utilizando o princípio da regeneração óssea guiada nas perfurações ósseas do seio maxilar. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o processo de reparo ósseo em defeitos cirúrgicos experimentais realizados na parede alveolar do seio maxilar, comunicando-se com a cavidade sinusal utilizando membranas de colágeno e fáscia temporal. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Neste estudo prospectivo, experimental, foram realizados defeitos ósseos em paredes alveolares dos seios maxilares comunicando-se com as cavidades sinusais de quatro macacos pregos (Cebus apella com membranas de colágeno Gen-derm - Genius Baumer, Pro-tape - Proline e fáscia temporal autóloga e análises histológicas após 180 dias. RESULTADOS: No defeito experimental sem cobertura com métodos de barreira predominou proliferação óssea em dois animais e nos outros dois, tecido conjuntivo fibroso; no grupo em que foi utilizado fáscia temporal predominou tecido conjuntivo fibroso em três animais e proliferação óssea em um animal; nos grupos com membranas de colágeno Gen-derm Pro-tape houve completa proliferação óssea em três animais e predomínio de tecido conjuntivo fibroso em um animal. CONCLUSÕES: Os defeitos cirúrgicos experimentais podem ser reparados, tanto por tecido ósseo como por tecido conjuntivo fibroso, e o uso de membranas de colágeno trouxeram benefícios ao processo de reparo ósseo

  4. Chronic Sinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    Steinberg, Johannes; Modi, Pradip

    1990-01-01

    Paranasal sinuses, which communicate with the nasal passages through the sinus ostia, are essentially sterile structures, sterility being maintained by a healthy epithelium with normal actively beating cilia. Irritants, including viruses and bacteria, are trapped in mucus and cilia to allow the clearance of sinuses through the natural ostia into the nasal cavity. Interference with this normal physiological function results in inflammation and infection within the sinus cavities. All of the si...

  5. Unilateral cacosmia: a presentation of maxillary fungal infestation

    OpenAIRE

    Erskine, Sally E; Schelenz, Silke; Philpott, Carl M

    2013-01-01

    We present a case of long-standing unilateral cacosmia in a healthy 67-year-old man due to maxillary fungal infestation. Treatment with septoplasty had been attempted 10?years prior but no further investigation or management undertaken and symptoms continued. Subsequent MRI scan revealed significant opacification of the left maxillary sinus. This was readily amenable to treatment by balloon sinuplasty. This yielded viscous grey mucus which grew Scedosporium apiospermum. The case highlights th...

  6. Computerized Tomographic Study on the Paranasal Sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the computed tomographic (CT) images of the paranasal sinusitis(PNS). The author examined the extent and the recurring patterns of the paranasal sinusitis and some important anatomic landmarks. The author analyzed PNS images retrospectively in 500 patients who visited Chonbuk National University Hospital between January 1996 and December 1997. The most frequently affected sinus was maxillary sinus (82.9%), followed by anterior ethmoid sinus (67.9%), posterior ethmoid sinus (48.9%), frontal sinus (42.0%) and sphenoid sinus (41.4%). The characteristic features of CT images of the sinusitis were sinus opacification (22.4%), mucoperiosteal thickening (34.3%), and polyposis (2.0%). Sinonasal inflammatory diseases were categorized into 5 patterns according to Babbel's classification. They were 1) infundibular (13.0%), 2) ostiomeatal unit (67.4%), 3)sphenoethmoidal recess (13.0%), 4) sinonasal polyposis (9.6%) and 5) unclassifiable patterns (18.0%). The incidences of contact between sinus and optic nerve were as follows ; the incidences of contact with posterior ethmoid sinus, sphenoid sinus, both posterior sinuses were 11.4%, 66.8%, 6.3%, respectively. The incidences of contact between sphenoid sinus and maxillary nerve, vidian nerve, internal carotid artery were 74.5%, 79.2%, 45.1% respectively. The incidences of pneumatization of the posterior ethmoid sinus were as follows; normal 70.6% and overriding type 29.4%. The incidences of sphenoid sinus pneumatization were as follows; normal 56.9% , rudimentary 12.5%, pterygoid recess 22.7%, anterior clinoid recess 2.7%, and both pterygoid and anterior clinoid recess 5.2%. The inflammatory sinonasal diseases were classified into five patterns using the CT of PNS, which was proven to be an excellent imaging modality providing detailed information about mucosal abnormality, pathologic patterns and the proximity of the important structures to the posterior paranasal sinuses. This result will aid in the interpretation of CT of PNS functionally and systemically.

  7. Computerized Tomographic Study on the Paranasal Sinusitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Sun Kyung; Lim, Sug Young; Koh, Kwang Joon [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology and Institute of Oral Bio Science, College of Dentistry, Chonbuk National University, Chonju (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-08-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the computed tomographic (CT) images of the paranasal sinusitis(PNS). The author examined the extent and the recurring patterns of the paranasal sinusitis and some important anatomic landmarks. The author analyzed PNS images retrospectively in 500 patients who visited Chonbuk National University Hospital between January 1996 and December 1997. The most frequently affected sinus was maxillary sinus (82.9%), followed by anterior ethmoid sinus (67.9%), posterior ethmoid sinus (48.9%), frontal sinus (42.0%) and sphenoid sinus (41.4%). The characteristic features of CT images of the sinusitis were sinus opacification (22.4%), mucoperiosteal thickening (34.3%), and polyposis (2.0%). Sinonasal inflammatory diseases were categorized into 5 patterns according to Babbel's classification. They were 1) infundibular (13.0%), 2) ostiomeatal unit (67.4%), 3)sphenoethmoidal recess (13.0%), 4) sinonasal polyposis (9.6%) and 5) unclassifiable patterns (18.0%). The incidences of contact between sinus and optic nerve were as follows ; the incidences of contact with posterior ethmoid sinus, sphenoid sinus, both posterior sinuses were 11.4%, 66.8%, 6.3%, respectively. The incidences of contact between sphenoid sinus and maxillary nerve, vidian nerve, internal carotid artery were 74.5%, 79.2%, 45.1% respectively. The incidences of pneumatization of the posterior ethmoid sinus were as follows; normal 70.6% and overriding type 29.4%. The incidences of sphenoid sinus pneumatization were as follows; normal 56.9% , rudimentary 12.5%, pterygoid recess 22.7%, anterior clinoid recess 2.7%, and both pterygoid and anterior clinoid recess 5.2%. The inflammatory sinonasal diseases were classified into five patterns using the CT of PNS, which was proven to be an excellent imaging modality providing detailed information about mucosal abnormality, pathologic patterns and the proximity of the important structures to the posterior paranasal sinuses. This result will aid in the interpretation of CT of PNS functionally and systemically.

  8. Meta-analytic study of implant survival following sinus augmentation

    OpenAIRE

    Cabezas-Mojón, Jessica; Barona-Dorado, Cristina; Gómez-Moreno, Gerardo; Fernández-Cáliz, Fernando; Martínez-González, José-María

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: To evaluate graft types used for maxillary sinus augmentation and review success rates of dental implants inserted in these areas, analyzing the graft materials used, implant surface types and the moment of implant placement. Study Design: A meta-analytic study reviewing articles on sinus augmentation published during the last ten years. Results: 3,975 implants placed in sinus augmentations (with bony windows) were registered, of which 3,749 implants survived, a surviv...

  9. Osmotic self-expanding dilation technology for treatment of sinusitis: the Vent-Os sinus dilation system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catalano, Peter; Hester, Jerome; Mandrusov, Evgenia

    2015-01-01

    The Vent-Os Sinus Dilation System is an osmotically driven device that provides a means to access the sinus space and to dilate the maxillary sinus ostia and associated spaces in adults for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Unlike balloon dilation devices that use rapid, high-pressure inflation, this self-expanding device is designed to gently and gradually open the maxillary ostia. The procedure can be safely and easily completed in-office with minimal anesthetics and analgesics on board. Clinical results support excellent patency and safety outcomes with the use of this product in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. PMID:25467029

  10. Maxillary ameloblastoma: Report of three cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sapundžiev Petar

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this report was to analyse surgical methods for treatment of maxillary ameloblastoma and present three cases from our clinical practice in the postoperative period from 1,5 to 3,5 years. We present three patients with maxillary ameloblastoma with different etiology - two male patients and one female child. The location of ameloblastoma next to the maxillary sinus and nasal cavity indicates long-term and asymptomatic growth and comprises difficulties in clinical and X - ray examination. Ameloblastomas in posterior maxilla are very aggressive, more rapidly penetrate adjacent tissues and treatment must be radical. Subtotal resection of maxilla was carried out in all three patients, because this surgical method successfully eradicates tumor and minimizes the possibility for recurrences.

  11. Fungal sinusitis diagnostic management and classification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovi?evi? O.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present the current classification of fungal sinusitis and share our experiences in diagnostic procedures and treatment outcomes. The study includes 31 patients operated since 2000-2009. in whome some form of fungal infection had been diagnosed. There were 10 patients with mycetoma, and 16 patients with chronic non-invasive fungal sinusitis, while in five patients allergic fungal sinusitis was proven. All patients were treated postoperatively with topical steroids and irrigation with saline solution, without use of fungicides. Characteristics of chronic non-invasive funga sinusitis and mycetoma are CT with specific opacification and calcification with involement of maxillary sinus unilaterally or bilateral together with pathohistological finding of positive staining by Grocott with the identification of fungi from secret or tissue. Allergic fungal sinusitis is characterized by eosinophilia, positive skin test to fungal allergens, elevated serum level of both specific IgE antibodies to causal fungus and total IgE, as well as, pathohistological finding of allergic mucus which include non-invasive hifa. Fungal sinusitis in immunocompetent patients is classified into the following categories: mycetoma, chronic non-invasive fungal sinusitis, chronic indolent sinusitis (which does not occur in our population and allergic fungal sinusitis.

  12. The endoscopic management of chronic frontal sinusitis associated with frontal sinus posterior table erosion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurley, D B; Javer, A R; Kuhn, F A; Citardi, M J

    2000-01-01

    Expansile inflammatory diseases of the frontal sinuses may produce erosion of the posterior table of the frontal sinus. In these instances, the bone between sinus mucosa and intracranial dura is absent. Over the past decade, endoscopic frontal sinusotomy has emerged as the preferred technique for the treatment of refractory chronic frontal sinusitis. Endoscopic approaches also have a role in the most advanced instances of frontal sinusitis. A retrospective chart review of patients who were treated for frontal sinusitis with erosion of the frontal sinus posterior table was performed. Eight patients were identified. All patients underwent endoscopic frontal sinusotomy; some patients required multiple endoscopic procedures. Complete frontal recess dissection with identification of the frontal ostium was achieved for all involved frontal sinuses. In all cases, this postoperative result was monitored by CT scans (where indicated) and serial nasal endoscopy, which demonstrated good frontal sinus aeration and normal mucociliary clearance. Antibiotics were administered for culture-documented bacterial exacerbations, and systemic steroids were given for management of allergic fungal sinusitis and sinonasal polyposis associated with asthma. No patient underwent frontal sinus obliteration or cranialization. No suppurative intracranial complications were noted during the postoperative period. Endoscopic frontal sinusotomy can be used safely for the definitive management of frontal sinusitis associated with posterior table erosion. In fact, endoscopic techniques may represent the preferred approach for the treatment of this problem. Such an approach avoids the morbidity of more destructive alternatives (such as obliteration), and serves to create a frontal sinus with normal mucociliary clearance. PMID:10793915

  13. [Orbital complications of sinusitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Šucha?, M; Hor?ák, M; Kaliarik, L; Krempaská, S; Koštialová, T; Kova?, J

    2014-12-01

    Orbital complications categorised by Chandler are emergency. They need early diagnosis and agresive treatment. Stage and origin of orbital complications are identified by rhinoendoscopy, ophtalmologic examination and CT of orbite and paranasal sinuses. Periorbital cellulitis and early stage of orbital cellulitis can be treated conservatively with i. v. antibiotics. Monitoring of laboratory parameters and ophtalmologic symptoms is mandatory. Lack of improvement or worsening of symptoms within 24-48 hours and advanced stages of orbital complications are indicated for surgery. The purpose of the study is to evaluate epidemiology, clinical features and management of sinogenic orbital complications. Retrospective data of 8 patients with suspicion of orbital complication admited to hospital from 2008 to 2013 were evaluated. Patients were analyzed in terms of gender, age, CT findings, microbiology, clinical features, stage and treatment. Male and female were afected in rate 1,66:1. Most of patients were young adult in 3rd. and 4th. decade of life (62,5 %). Acute and chronic sinusitis were cause of orbital complication in the same rate. The most common origin of orbital complication was ethmoiditis (62,5 %), than maxillary (25 %) and frontal (12,5 %) sinusitis. Polysinusitis with affection of ethmoidal, maxillary and frontal sinuses (75 %) was usual CT finding. Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus were etiological agens in half of cases. Periorbital oedema (100 %), proptosis, chemosis (50 %), diplopia and glaucoma (12,5 %) were observed. Based on examinations, diagnosis of periorbital oedema/preseptal cellulitis was made in 3 (37,5 %), orbital cellulitis in 3 (37,5 %) and subperiosteal abscess in 2 cases (25 %). All patients underwent combined therapy - i. v. antibiotics and surgery within 24 hours. Eradication of disease from ostiomeatal complex (OMC), drainage of affected sinuses and drainage of subperiosteal abscess were done via fuctional endonasal endoscopic surgery (FEES). In case of superior subperiosteal abscess, combined endonasal and external approach (external orbitotomy) was needed. Combined therapy facilitated quick improvement of local and systematic symptoms. Average time of hospitalisation was 7 days. Early diagnosis and agresive combined therapy prevent loss of vision and life threatening complications. PMID:25640234

  14. How does nose blowing effect the computed tomography of paranasal sinuses in chronic sinusitis?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Savranlar, Ahmet; Uzun, Lokman; Ugur, Mehmet Birol; Mahmutyazicioglu, Kamran; Ozer, Tulay; Gundogdu, Sadi

    2005-02-01

    Objective: Our aim was to determine whether inward or outward movement of the secretions in the paranasal sinuses due to nose blowing after nasal decongestion has any effect on the paranasal sinus computed tomography (CT) images in patients with sinusitis and to asses whether nose blowing may result in misdiagnosis or overdiagnosis in radiological evaluation of sinusitis. Materials and methods: Twenty-four patients with chronic sinusitis were evaluated in an academic tertiary care hospital and data were collected prospectively. After coronal sinus computed tomography scans were performed at 100 mA setting which was half the value of the standard radiation dose suggested by the manufacturer, topical decongestion was applied to each nostril followed by nose blowing 10 min later. Sinus CT scans were then repeated at the same setting. We evaluated the mucosal thickness of medial, lateral, superior and inferior maxillary and frontal sinus walls and the maximal thickness in anterior ethmoidal cells. The measurements prior to and following nose blowing were compared with Wilcoxon signed ranks test. The obtained images were also staged using Lund-McKay staging system separately and the scores were compared with Student's t-test. Results: We observed a tendency towards reduction in mucosal thickness after nose blowing. There were statistically significant differences between maxillary sinus inferior wall and frontal sinus inferior wall mucosal thickness values prior to and after nose blowing. The difference however was very small, about 0.5 mm in magnitude and Lund-McKay score did not change in any of the patients after nose blowing. Conclusion: Nose blowing and topical nasal decongestion does not have any effect on the diagnostic accuracy of sinus CT in chronic sinusitis patients.

  15. How does nose blowing effect the computed tomography of paranasal sinuses in chronic sinusitis?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: Our aim was to determine whether inward or outward movement of the secretions in the paranasal sinuses due to nose blowing after nasal decongestion has any effect on the paranasal sinus computed tomography (CT) images in patients with sinusitis and to asses whether nose blowing may result in misdiagnosis or overdiagnosis in radiological evaluation of sinusitis. Materials and methods: Twenty-four patients with chronic sinusitis were evaluated in an academic tertiary care hospital and data were collected prospectively. After coronal sinus computed tomography scans were performed at 100 mA setting which was half the value of the standard radiation dose suggested by the manufacturer, topical decongestion was applied to each nostril followed by nose blowing 10 min later. Sinus CT scans were then repeated at the same setting. We evaluated the mucosal thickness of medial, lateral, superior and inferior maxillary and frontal sinus walls and the maximal thickness in anterior ethmoidal cells. The measurements prior to and following nose blowing were compared with Wilcoxon signed ranks test. The obtained images were also staged using Lund-McKay staging system separately and the scores were compared with Student's t-test. Results: We observed a tendency towards reduction in mucosal thickness after nose blowing. There were statistically significant differences between maxillary sinus inferior wall and frontal sinus inferior wall mucosal thickness values prior to and after nose blowing. The difference however was very small, about 0.5 mm in magnitude and Lund-McKay score did not change in any of the patients after nose blowing. Conclusion: Nose blowing and topical nasal decongestion does not have any effect on the diagnostic accuracy of sinus CT in chronic sinusitis patients

  16. Sinus biofilms in patients with cystic fibrosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aanaes, Kasper; Eickhardt, Steffen; Johansen, Helle Krogh; von Buchwald, Christian; Skov, Marianne; Høiby, Niels; Bjarnsholt, Thomas

    The paranasal sinuses can be a focus for colonisation of the cystic fibrosis (CF) lungs with pathogens. In the sinuses, bacteria can adapt to the lung environment and enhance their antibiotic resistance, with biofilm formation thought to be the most important adaptive mechanism, causing...... recalcitrant disease. The presence of biofilms in CF sinuses is sparsely described. In this descriptive cross-sectional study, the sinus mucosa from 16 CF patients were analysed by fluorescence in situ hybridization using specific peptide nucleic acid (PNA-FISH) probes for Pseudomonas aeruginosa and...... biofilms in intermittently lung-colonised patients encourage us to intensify the attempt to eradicate pathogenic bacteria from the CF sinuses in an early stage using combined antibiotic therapy in the prolonged exposure of the sinus-mucosal surface....

  17. Sinus biofilms in patients with cystic fibrosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aanaes, Kasper; Eickhardt, Steffen; Johansen, Helle Krogh; von Buchwald, Christian; Skov, Marianne; Høiby, Niels; Bjarnsholt, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    The paranasal sinuses can be a focus for colonisation of the cystic fibrosis (CF) lungs with pathogens. In the sinuses, bacteria can adapt to the lung environment and enhance their antibiotic resistance, with biofilm formation thought to be the most important adaptive mechanism, causing...... recalcitrant disease. The presence of biofilms in CF sinuses is sparsely described. In this descriptive cross-sectional study, the sinus mucosa from 16 CF patients were analysed by fluorescence in situ hybridization using specific peptide nucleic acid (PNA-FISH) probes for Pseudomonas aeruginosa and...... biofilms in intermittently lung-colonised patients encourage us to intensify the attempt to eradicate pathogenic bacteria from the CF sinuses in an early stage using combined antibiotic therapy in the prolonged exposure of the sinus-mucosal surface....

  18. Morphological study of maxillary canine region based on CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The maxilla is generally known as a site where anatomical limitations make it difficult to obtain sufficient bone volume. A large amount of bone exists in the canine region between the anterior margin of the maxillary sinus and the piriform aperture margin. Although this region is crucial for implant treatments, there have not been any reports on morphological studies of the region. In this study, we investigated the morphology of the canine region based on CT, and also the morphology and position of the maxillary sinus located posterior to the canine region. The results were as follows: In the area above the anterior nasal spine, the higher the level, the smaller the mesio-distal length and the bucco-lingual width tended to become. In the area above the anterior nasal spine, the mesio-distal length and the bucco-lingual width tended to be smaller in female patients than in male patients. In the area above the anterior nasal spine, no significant differences in mesio-distal length and bucco-lingual width were observed between dentulous and edentulous jaws. The morphology of the maxillary sinus was mainly of an inverse-trapezoidal, circular, or triangular form. The position of the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus was most frequently found at the site corresponding to the second premolar. Through this study, we have reconfirmed that the canine region is vital for implant treatments in the maxilla. (author)

  19. Sinusitis (acute)

    OpenAIRE

    Ah-See, Kim

    2008-01-01

    Acute sinusitis is defined pathologically, by transient inflammation of the mucosal lining of the paranasal sinuses lasting less than 4 weeks. Clinically, it is characterised by nasal congestion, rhinorrhoea, facial pain, hyposmia, sneezing, and, if more severe, additional malaise and fever.It affects 1?5% of the adult population each year in Europe.

  20. Intractable pediatric chronic sinusitis with antrochoanal polyp.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito, H; Honda, N; Yamada, T; Mori, S; Fujieda, S; Saito, T

    2000-08-31

    It has been reported that pediatric chronic sinusitis with antrochoanal polyp is difficult to cure because it tends to recur easily even with surgery. Therefore, in order to improve its cure rate, aggressive treatment combining polypectomy, intra-maxillary intubation through the inferior meatus, macrolide administration, etc., was attempted. Thirty-seven sides of pediatric chronic sinusitis with antrochoanal polyp and 44 sides of chronic sinusitis without polyp were evaluated after the same treatments. The mean age of patients was 9.7 years, and the mean intubation period was 20 months. Since subjective improvements in children are questionable, the efficacy was evaluated strictly on the basis of X-ray alone focusing on the maxillary sinus. Twenty-four percent of the group with antrochoanal polyp showed 'excellent' effect, i.e. almost complete resolution of the sinus findings, while 45% of the group without polyp showed 'excellent' effect, with a mean follow-up period of 3 years and 6 months. This difference was significant (P<0. 01, chi(2)-test). These results further document the intractableness of chronic sinusitis with choanal polyp in children. PMID:10967380

  1. Assessment of maxillary third molars with panoramic radiography and cone-beam computed tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Yun-Hoa

    2015-01-01

    Purpose This study investigated maxillary third molars and their relation to the maxillary sinus using panoramic radiography and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and Methods A total of 395 maxillary third molars in 234 patients were examined using panoramic radiographs and CBCT images. We examined the eruption level of the maxillary third molars, the available retromolar space, the angulation, the relationship to the second molars, the number of roots, and the relationship between the roots and the sinus. Results Females had a higher frequency of maxillary third molars with occlusal planes apical to the cervical line of the second molar (Level C) than males. All third molars with insufficient retromolar space were Level C. The most common angulation was vertical, followed by buccoangular. Almost all of the Level C molars were in contact with the roots of the second molar. Erupted teeth most commonly had three roots, and completely impacted teeth most commonly had one root. The superimposition of one third of the root and the sinus floor was most commonly associated with the sinus floor being located on the buccal side of the root. Conclusion Eruption levels were differently distributed according to gender. A statistically significant association was found between the eruption level and the available retromolar space. When panoramic radiographs showed a superimposition of the roots and the sinus floor, expansion of the sinus to the buccal side of the root was generally observed in CBCT images. PMID:26730371

  2. Localización del Septo del Seno Maxilar a través de Abordaje Endoscópico: Reporte de Caso y Revisión de la Literatura Location of Maxillary Sinus Septum through an Endoscopic Approach: Report of a Case and Review of the Literature

    OpenAIRE

    Víctor Javier Beltrán Varas; Ramón Fuentes Fernández; Wilfried Engelke; Francisco Marchesani Carrasco; Marco Flores Velásquez

    2011-01-01

    El abordaje quirúrgico del seno maxilar para maniobras como el levantamiento de la membrana sinusal y la colocación de injerto óseo con o sin implantes simultáneo en la zona subantral, es un procedimiento cada vez más habitual en implantología oral. Una de las mayores complicaciones en este tipo de procedimientos es el abordaje de la pared lateral del seno maxilar con presencia de septos intra-sinusales no diagnosticados, pudiendo producir perforación de la membrana durante el fresado óseo. L...

  3. Inicial nasal mucosa detachment using piezoelectric device in the Le Fort I osteotomy: A technical note

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elio Hitoshi Shinohara

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In maxillary Le Fort I type osteotomy the detachment of the nasal mucosa should be done carefully. Piezoelectric surgery contributed much to increase the safety of osteotomies, despite the initial advantage of minimizing the risk of injury in nervous tissue, mainly in bilateral sagittal split osteotomy; we use the piezoelectric device for the initial detachment of the nasal mucosa in the maxillary osteotomy.

  4. Management of fungal sinusitis: A retrospective study in a medical college hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudhir M Naik

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Background/ objectives: Fungus balls are extra-mucosal collections of fungal elements, usually localized to a single sinus cavity, commonly the maxillary sinus. They appear as partial or complete heterogeneous opacification of the involved sinus with occasional metal dense opacities on CT scan. Here we report a case series of fungal sinusitis with multiple sinus involvement. Materials and methods: We report a case series analysis of 46 cases of fungal sinusitis managed in our department for the past 3 years. Mean age in our study group was 32.45 years, with 15 males(mean age – 35.46 yrs and 31 females ( mean age –31 yrs. All were operated with endoscopic sinus surgery after CT findings positive of fungal sinusitis. Result: Fungal ball was seen in 36 (78.26% cases and invasive fungal sinusitis were seen in 8 (17.39%cases. 4 cases did not yield any growth and only secondary bacterial infection were seen on bacterial culture. 34 cases had disease in the maxillary sinus. 9 cases had bilateral growth and the rest unilateral only. 16 cases had disease in the sphenoid while 6 cases had both maxillary and sphenoid disease. 2 cases had ethmoidal disease. Conclusion: Endoscopic sinus surgery is treatment of choice for non-invasive fungus ball. Local or systemic antifungal therapy are reserved for extensive and invasive fungal diseases.

  5. Tridimensional reconstruction of knife-edge edentulous maxillae by sinus elevation, onlay grafts, and sagittal osteotomy of the anterior maxilla: preliminary surgical and prosthetic results

    OpenAIRE

    CHIAPASCO, MATTEO FRANCESCO; Romeo, Eugenio; VOGEL, GIORGIO

    1998-01-01

    The possibility of placing endosseous implants in the edentulous maxilla is frequently reduced by inadequate bone volume of the residual ridge. In totally edentulous maxillae with knife-edge conformation, insufficient thickness is frequently associated with insufficient height of the residual ridge in the posterior maxilla because of pneumatization of the maxillary sinuses. This surgical method combines grafting of the maxillary sinuses, onlay grafts on the buccal side of maxillary posterior ...

  6. Bilateral postoperative maxillary cysts after orthognathic surgery: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Jung Hye; Huh, Kyung Hoe; Yi, Won Jin; Heo, Min Suk; Lee, Sam Sun; Choi, Soon Chul [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-12-15

    Postoperative maxillary cysts are locally aggressive lesions, usually developing as delayed complications many years after radical antral surgery. This report describes a case of bilateral postoperative maxillary cysts following orthognathic surgery performed approximately 21 years previously. The patient complained of stinging pain on her right cheek. Radiographic examination revealed low-attenuation lesions on both maxillary sinuses with discontinuously corticated margins without distinct expansion or bone destruction. The cysts were enucleated with the removal of metal plates and screws for pain relief. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of postoperative maxillary cysts lined by ciliated, pseudostratified columnar cells. The patient has remained asymptomatic thus far, and there was no evidence of local recurrence at 21 months of postoperative follow-up.

  7. Pediatric Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... requests or policy questions to our media and public relations staff at newsroom@entnet.org . Your childÂ’s sinuses ... his/her ears, nose, and throat. A thorough history and examination usually leads to the correct diagnosis. ...

  8. Sinus Tumors

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of the nose and paranasal sinuses are rare, accounting for fewer than 1% of all tumors. These ... change from before (especially in an elderly patient). Evaluation and diagnosis Evaluation of patients with nasal symptoms ...

  9. Selecting the Best Approach to the Frontal Sinus

    OpenAIRE

    Philpott, Carl M; Mckiernan, David C.; Javer, Amin R

    2011-01-01

    The Messerklinger technique is an endoscopic approach to sinus surgery designed to be minimally invasive and preserve mucosa and hence physiological function. More recently there have been advocates for more radical endoscopic approaches to the frontal sinus such as the Modified Lothrop. This review discusses different approaches to frontal sinus surgery including any advantages and disadvantages to each approach. After examining the evidence from the literature, meticulously performed endosc...

  10. Maxillary protraction after surgically assisted maxillary expansion

    OpenAIRE

    Laurindo Zanco Furquim; Guilherme Janson; Bruno D'Aurea Furquim; Liogi Iwaki Filho; José Fernando Castanha Henriques; Geovane Miranda Ferreira

    2010-01-01

    This case report describes the orthodontic treatment of a 32-year-old woman with a Class III malocclusion, whose chief compliant was her dentofacial esthetics. The pretreatment lateral cephalometric tracings showed the presence of a Class III dentoskeletal malocclusion with components of maxillary deficiency. After discussion with the patient, the treatment option included surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) followed by orthopedic protraction (Sky Hook) and Class III elastic...

  11. When Sinuses Attack!

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the United States have sinusitis each year. Acute Sinusitis Lasts A While Acute sinusitis may be diagnosed when a cold lasts more than 10 to 14 days. Chronic sinusitis means a person has had symptoms for more ...

  12. Sinusitis (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Allergy Emergency Cerebral Palsy: Caring for Your Child Sinusitis KidsHealth > For Parents > Sinusitis Print A A A Text Size What's in this article? Causes Symptoms Prevention Treatment en español Sinusitis Sinuses are moist air spaces within the bones ...

  13. Neuro-ophthalmological presentation of non-invasive Aspergillus sinus disease in the non-immunocompromised host.

    OpenAIRE

    Brown, P.; DEMAEREL, P.; McNaught, A; Revesz, T.; E. Graham; Kendall, B E; PLANT, G

    1994-01-01

    Two cases of non-invasive aspergillosis of the nose and paranasal sinuses are described. The first presented with left proptosis and ophthalmoplegia. Imaging and histology showed a maxillary sinus aspergilloma. The second case presented as a compressive optic neuropathy and histology showed allergic aspergillus sinusitis. The pathological distinction between invasive and non-invasive forms of aspergillus sinusitis is important as in invasive aspergillosis surgical treatment is most effectivel...

  14. Isolated fungal sinusitis of the sphenoid sinus

    OpenAIRE

    ?R?Z, Ay?e

    2009-01-01

    Isolated fungal sphenoid sinusitis is a rare entity. Fungal sinusitis is mostly seen in immunocompromised patients and is characterized by invasive progression. We describe a immunologically competent patient with isolated aspergillosis in her sphenoid sinus.

  15. Tratamento endoscópico do cisto odontogênico com extensão intra-sinusal / Endoscopic treatment of odontogenic cyst with intra-sinusal extension

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Antonio C., Cedin; Fausto A. de, Paula Junior; Emanuel R., Landim; Flávio L. P. da, Silva; Luis F. de, Oliveira; Ana C., Sotter.

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Cistos odontogênicos são lesões pouco comuns que podem ocorrer após inflamação da polpa dentária. A abordagem terapêutica destes cistos é realizada em consultórios odontológicos e, dependendo de sua extensão, pode ocasionar a formação de fístula oroantral e rinossinusite crônica. O objetivo deste tr [...] abalho é propor o tratamento videoendoscópico do cisto odontogênico com expressão em seio maxilar. Realizou-se um estudo retrospectivo de quatro casos de cistos de origem dentária, com extensão intra-sinusal, complicados com fístula oroantral e sinusite crônica de seio maxilar após curetagem em consultório odontológico. Utilizamos a técnica videoendoscópica via transmaxilar para acessarmos o cisto intra-sinusal. Os quatro pacientes apresentaram resolução do quadro infeccioso e cicatrização da fístula oroantral, sem recidiva durante o seguimento. A cirurgia videoendoscópica é um método seguro e efetivo para tratamento do cisto odontogênico descrito, podendo contribuir para prevenir a formação de fístula oroantral e supuração de seio maxilar. Abstract in english Odontogenic cyst is a common lesion that can happen after inflammation of the dental pulp. The therapeutic approach of these cysts is made at dentist's offices, and depending on their extension, they may develop oroantral fistula and chronic sinusitis. The objective of this study is to propose the v [...] ideoendoscopic treatment of the odontogenic cyst with expression in the maxillary sinus. We made a retrospective study of four cases of cysts of dental origin, with intra-sinusal extension, complicated with oroantral fistula and chronic sinusitis of maxillary sinus after curettage in a dentist's office. We used the videoendoscopic technique through transmaxillary approach to access the intra-sinusal cyst. All the four patients presented resolution of the infectious manifestation and healing of the oroantral fistula, without recurrence within two years of follow-up. Videoendoscopic surgery is a safe and effective method for the management of odontogenic cysts with extension to maxillary sinus, and it may prevent oroantral fistula formation and chronic sinusitis.

  16. Fungal Involvement in Patients with Paranasal Sinusitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P Kordbacheh

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Fungal involvement of the paranasal sinuses is frequently observed in the immunocompromised host and it can become lifethreatening if it is not diagnosed. Definitive diagnosis is made by tissue biopsy and culture. In this study biopsy materials of maxillary, ethmoidal and frontal sinuses of 60 patients with clinical manifestation of sinusitis and no response to medical therapy were assessed by mycological and pathological methods for the presence of fungi. Invasive fungal sinusitis was diagnosed in 3 patients and etiologic agents were Candida albicans, Rhizopus sp. and Aspergillus fumigatus. Predisposing factors in these patients were leukemia, diabetes mellitus and previous sinus and polyp surgery, respectively. Allergic fungal sinusitis also was seen in one patient and Alternaria sp. isolated from the biopsy material. Only the patient with allergic form of disease survived but all the patients with invasive form of fungal infection were expired. This clearly underscores the need of early recognition of fungal sinusitis in at risk population in order to start urgent treatment. In this study Nocardia asteroids also was isolated from the biopsy sample in a patient with sinunasal adenocarcinoma.

  17. Non-grafted sinus implants in periodontally compromised patients: a time-to-event analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellegaard, Birgit; Baelum, Vibeke; Kølsen-Petersen, Jens

    2006-01-01

    This study reports the results of implant therapy involving a sinus membrane lift and of conventional implant therapy in 68 periodontally compromised patients treated between June 1990 and June 2002. Patients had at least two implants inserted, one of which was placed in the maxillary sinus regio...

  18. Selective intra arterial infusion chemotherapy for malignant nasal and paranasal sinus tumors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since 1998, we have treated 14 malignant nasal and paranasal sinus tumor patients with selective intra arterial infusion chemotherapy. We report results for 7 of maxillary sinus, 3 of sphenoid sinus 1 of ethmoid sinus, and 3 of the nasal cavity. Only 1 maxillary sinus case involved recurrence. Intra arterial infusions of cisplatin (100 mg/body) was delivered rapidly to the tumor and usually repeated for 4 times. Conventional external-beam irradiation (2 Gy per fraction x 30) was also used. Complete response cases were 9 of 14 and control of the local lesion found in all new cases. These results indicate that intra arterial infusion therapy is effective against advanced malignant nasal and paranasal sinus tumors. (author)

  19. Recirculación en rinosinusitis maxilar / Mucus recirculation in maxillary rhinosinusitis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Claudia, Heider C; Gloria, Ribalta L; Karin, Krauss M.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La recirculación de moco entre el ostium natural del seno maxilar y otras aberturas en el seno, altera el transporte mucociliar normal, favorece su acumula-ción y sobreinfección, perpetuando el fenómeno inflamatorio. Objetivo: Describir nuestra experiencia en el diagnóstico y tratamien [...] to de pacientes con rinosinusitis maxilar crónica y/o aguda recurrente cuyo estudio reveló recirculación maxilar. Material y método: Estudio retrospectivo descriptivo. Se revisaron historias clínicas, nasofibroscopías, informes radiológicos y hallazgos operatorios. Resultados: Ocho pacientes con edad promedio de 43 años. El 100%% presentó antecedente de cirugía que involucraba el seno maxilar. Todos se presentaron como rinosinusitis maxilar crónica y/o aguda con reagudizaciones frecuentes (3 episodios/ año). El diagnóstico se realizó mediante nasofibroscopía que evidenció recirculación de moco entre ostium natural y accesorio. Cinco pacientes se sometieron a cirugía endoscópica para unir el ostium accesorio (OA) al natural, disminuyendo el número de exacerbaciones. Conclusión: La recirculación maxilar se debe sospechar en pacientes con diagnóstico de rinosinusitis maxilar crónica y/o aguda recurrente con antecedente de cirugías que involucren el seno maxilar. Su diagnóstico se basa en la observación de recirculación de moco a la nasofibroscopía. El manejo es quirúrgico y dependerá de la ubicación del OA y de la permeabilidad del ostium natural. Abstract in english Introduction: Recirculation of mucus between the maxillary sinus natural ostium and adjacent openings disturbs mucociliary clearence leading to secretions accumulation and persistent infection, perpetuating the inflammatory phenomenon. Aim: Describe our experience in the diagnosis and treatment ofpa [...] tients with maxillary rhinosinusitis (chronic or acute recurrent) and maxillary recirculation. Material and method: Descriptive and retrospective study. Clinical records, radiologic characteristic, nasal endoscopies and surgical findings were reviewed. Results: 8 patients, mean age of 43 years. All of them had prior history of maxillary sinus surgery. Clinical presentation was maxillary rhinosinusitis, chronic or acute, with frequent episodes ofreagudization (3 episodes/year). The diagnosis was made by endoscopic nasal examination that showed mucus recirculation between natural and accessory ostium. Endoscopic sinus surgery was done in 5patients in order to communicate the accessory to the natural ostium, leading to a decrease in the number of exacerbations. Conclusions: Maxillary recirculation must be suspected in patients with maxillary rhinosinusitis (chronic or acute recurrent) who have had prior surgical procedures that involve the maxillary sinus. The diagnosis is based on the observation of the recirculation phenomenon in the nasal endoscopy. The treatment is surgical and depends on the location of the accessory ostium and the permeability of the natural ostium.

  20. Sinusitis in Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Bülent Cengiz

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Sinusitis is a common disease among children. Acute bacterial sinusitis usually develops after viral upper respiratory tract infection. Acute bacterial sinusitis diagnosis in children is generally based on clinical criteria (the situation whereby the findings and symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection are more severe or last longer than expected in a viral upper respiratory tract infection. Because the treatment of acute bacterial sinusitis requires the use of antibiotics, correct diagnosis is crucial. This article reviews sinusitis pathogenesis, classification of sinusitis, the pathogens that cause sinusitis among children –primarily including acute bacterial sinusitis-, clinical findings of sinusitis and current knowledge about the diagnosis and treatment of sinusitis.

  1. Assessment of the relationship between drowning and fluid accumulation in the paranasal sinuses on post-mortem computed tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent reports have detailed common computed tomography (CT) findings in drowning victims, most notably fluid accumulation in the maxillary and sphenoidal sinuses. This CT finding could help forensic doctors to diagnose drowning. This study retrospectively investigated 151 subjects: 39 drowning and 112 non-drowning cases. Pearson's chi-square tests demonstrated that fluid accumulation in the maxillary or sphenoidal sinuses was associated significantly with drowning (p = 0.0001). The sensitivity of the drowning diagnosis was 97%, specificity was 35%, accuracy was 51%, positive predictive value was 34% and negative predictive value was 98%. Drowning was significantly associated with fluid accumulation in the maxillary and sphenoidal sinuses, but the specificity and positive predictive value of the drowning diagnosis were poor. Although the presence of fluid in the maxillary and sphenoidal sinuses cannot be used to diagnose drowning, the absence of the fluid can be used to virtually exclude drowning.

  2. Assessment of the relationship between drowning and fluid accumulation in the paranasal sinuses on post-mortem computed tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kawasumi, Yusuke, E-mail: ssu@rad.med.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Clinical Imaging, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Kawabata, Tomoyoshi; Sugai, Yusuke [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Clinical Imaging, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Usui, Akihito, E-mail: t7402r0506@med.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Image Analysis, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Hosokai, Yoshiyuki, E-mail: hosokai@med.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Image Analysis, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Sato, Miho, E-mail: meifan58@m.tains.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Clinical Imaging, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Saito, Haruo, E-mail: hsaito@med.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Image Analysis, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Ishibashi, Tadashi, E-mail: tisibasi@med.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Clinical Imaging, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Hayashizaki, Yoshie, E-mail: yoshie@forensic.med.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Forensic Medicine, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Funayama, Masato, E-mail: funayama@forensic.med.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Forensic Medicine, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan)

    2012-12-15

    Recent reports have detailed common computed tomography (CT) findings in drowning victims, most notably fluid accumulation in the maxillary and sphenoidal sinuses. This CT finding could help forensic doctors to diagnose drowning. This study retrospectively investigated 151 subjects: 39 drowning and 112 non-drowning cases. Pearson's chi-square tests demonstrated that fluid accumulation in the maxillary or sphenoidal sinuses was associated significantly with drowning (p = 0.0001). The sensitivity of the drowning diagnosis was 97%, specificity was 35%, accuracy was 51%, positive predictive value was 34% and negative predictive value was 98%. Drowning was significantly associated with fluid accumulation in the maxillary and sphenoidal sinuses, but the specificity and positive predictive value of the drowning diagnosis were poor. Although the presence of fluid in the maxillary and sphenoidal sinuses cannot be used to diagnose drowning, the absence of the fluid can be used to virtually exclude drowning.

  3. Chronic invasive sinus aspergillosis in an immunocompetent patient: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mylona, S; Tzavara, V; Ntai, S; Pomoni, M; Thanos, L

    2007-02-01

    We report the case of an immunocompetent, 39 year old male who presented with diplopia and diffuse headache. The CT scan demonstrated the presence of a sizeable mass that took over the nasal cavity, the right maxillary sinus, the sphenoid and ethmoid sinus, extending to the sellar and suprasellar region, and eroding the adjacent bones. The patient also underwent MRI and endoscopic sinus surgery. Biopsy of the suspected tissue for pathology and culture demonstrated Aspergillus fumigatus. PMID:17403888

  4. Maxillary protraction after surgically assisted maxillary expansion

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Laurindo Zanco, Furquim; Guilherme, Janson; Bruno D' Aurea, Furquim; Liogi, Iwaki Filho; José Fernando Castanha, Henriques; Geovane Miranda, Ferreira.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This case report describes the orthodontic treatment of a 32-year-old woman with a Class III malocclusion, whose chief compliant was her dentofacial esthetics. The pretreatment lateral cephalometric tracings showed the presence of a Class III dentoskeletal malocclusion with components of maxillary d [...] eficiency. After discussion with the patient, the treatment option included surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) followed by orthopedic protraction (Sky Hook) and Class III elastics. Patient compliance was excellent and satisfactory dentofacial esthetics was achieved after treatment completion.

  5. Maxillary protraction after surgically assisted maxillary expansion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurindo Zanco Furquim

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This case report describes the orthodontic treatment of a 32-year-old woman with a Class III malocclusion, whose chief compliant was her dentofacial esthetics. The pretreatment lateral cephalometric tracings showed the presence of a Class III dentoskeletal malocclusion with components of maxillary deficiency. After discussion with the patient, the treatment option included surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME followed by orthopedic protraction (Sky Hook and Class III elastics. Patient compliance was excellent and satisfactory dentofacial esthetics was achieved after treatment completion.

  6. Comparación entre distintos sustitutos óseos utilizados para procedimientos de elevación de seno maxilar previo a la colocación de implantes dentales Comparison between different bone substitutes for maxillary sinus floor augmentation prior to placement of dental implants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Muñoz Corcuera

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: En la actualidad, es frecuente la rehabilitación de la zona posterior del maxilar utilizando implantes asociados a técnicas de aumento óseo, entre ellas la elevación de seno maxilar. Aunque el hueso autógeno es considerado el "gold standard" de los materiales de injerto óseo, se acompaña de morbilidad y su disponibilidad es limitada. Por ello, el objetivo de esta revisión es valorar los distintos sustitutos óseos para la elevación de seno previa a la colocación de implantes así como cuál es más efectivo. Material y métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica electrónica en la base de datos Cochrane y en Pubmed. Se escogieron trabajos que trataran materiales de injerto para procedimientos de elevación de seno. Resultados: Se seleccionaron trece artículos para la realización de la revisión. Para su comparación, se establecieron dos grupos, aquellos trabajos que se basaban en estudios histológicos y la valoración de la mineralización, y aquellos que evaluaban parámetros clínicos y la tasa de supervivencia de los implantes. Discusión: Teniendo en cuenta los hallazgos dispares de los distintos trabajos, no se puede considerar un material de elección sobre los demás. Sería deseable la realización de estudios a largo plazo con muestras amplias comparando distintos materiales de injerto, que evaluaran los resultados histológicos y clínicos. Conclusiones: El hueso autógeno aún es considerado el "gold standard" de los materiales de injerto para la elevación de seno maxilar, a pesar que se asocia a una elevada tasa de complicaciones. Aunque son necesarios más estudios, se han obtenidos resultados prometedores con la hidroxiapatita bovina y el ß-fosfato tricálcico.Introduction: Presently, prosthetic rehabilitation combining dental implants with bone augmentation techniques is frequently used; included amongst these is sinus floor augmentation. Despite autogenous bone being considered the gold standard of bone grafting materials, it is associated with morbidity and limited availability. The aim of this revision was to evaluate the bone substitutes for sinus floor augmentation prior to the placement of dental implants. Materials and Methods: An electronic literature search was conducted in the Cochrane database and Pubmed. Studies analysing graft materials for sinus floor augmentation were chosen. Results: 13 articles were selected for the revision, from which 2 groups were established for comparison; those studies based in histological and mineralisation analyses and those evaluating clinical parameters and the survival rate of the implants. Discussion: Due to the different findings of the studies, there is no material that can be considered preferable over any other. It would be desirable that future studies had longer follow-ups, larger samples, compared different graft materials and evaluated histological and clinical results simultaneously. Conclusions: Autogenous bone is still considered the gold standard of graft materials; however, it is associated with a high complication rate. Although more studies are needed, bovine hydroxiapatite and ß-tricalcium phosphate have achieved promising results.

  7. Comparación entre distintos sustitutos óseos utilizados para procedimientos de elevación de seno maxilar previo a la colocación de implantes dentales / Comparison between different bone substitutes for maxillary sinus floor augmentation prior to placement of dental implants

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    M., Muñoz Corcuera; A, Trullenque Eriksson.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: En la actualidad, es frecuente la rehabilitación de la zona posterior del maxilar utilizando implantes asociados a técnicas de aumento óseo, entre ellas la elevación de seno maxilar. Aunque el hueso autógeno es considerado el "gold standard" de los materiales de injerto óseo, se acompa [...] ña de morbilidad y su disponibilidad es limitada. Por ello, el objetivo de esta revisión es valorar los distintos sustitutos óseos para la elevación de seno previa a la colocación de implantes así como cuál es más efectivo. Material y métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica electrónica en la base de datos Cochrane y en Pubmed. Se escogieron trabajos que trataran materiales de injerto para procedimientos de elevación de seno. Resultados: Se seleccionaron trece artículos para la realización de la revisión. Para su comparación, se establecieron dos grupos, aquellos trabajos que se basaban en estudios histológicos y la valoración de la mineralización, y aquellos que evaluaban parámetros clínicos y la tasa de supervivencia de los implantes. Discusión: Teniendo en cuenta los hallazgos dispares de los distintos trabajos, no se puede considerar un material de elección sobre los demás. Sería deseable la realización de estudios a largo plazo con muestras amplias comparando distintos materiales de injerto, que evaluaran los resultados histológicos y clínicos. Conclusiones: El hueso autógeno aún es considerado el "gold standard" de los materiales de injerto para la elevación de seno maxilar, a pesar que se asocia a una elevada tasa de complicaciones. Aunque son necesarios más estudios, se han obtenidos resultados prometedores con la hidroxiapatita bovina y el ß-fosfato tricálcico. Abstract in english Introduction: Presently, prosthetic rehabilitation combining dental implants with bone augmentation techniques is frequently used; included amongst these is sinus floor augmentation. Despite autogenous bone being considered the gold standard of bone grafting materials, it is associated with morbidit [...] y and limited availability. The aim of this revision was to evaluate the bone substitutes for sinus floor augmentation prior to the placement of dental implants. Materials and Methods: An electronic literature search was conducted in the Cochrane database and Pubmed. Studies analysing graft materials for sinus floor augmentation were chosen. Results: 13 articles were selected for the revision, from which 2 groups were established for comparison; those studies based in histological and mineralisation analyses and those evaluating clinical parameters and the survival rate of the implants. Discussion: Due to the different findings of the studies, there is no material that can be considered preferable over any other. It would be desirable that future studies had longer follow-ups, larger samples, compared different graft materials and evaluated histological and clinical results simultaneously. Conclusions: Autogenous bone is still considered the gold standard of graft materials; however, it is associated with a high complication rate. Although more studies are needed, bovine hydroxiapatite and ß-tricalcium phosphate have achieved promising results.

  8. Single-Tooth Osteotomy Using Piezoelectric Devices to Treat an Ankylosed Maxillary Molar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    You, Tae Min; Kang, Joon Hyun; Kim, Kee-Deog; Park, Wonse

    2016-01-01

    Single-tooth osteotomy is a surgical technique in which the tooth and adjacent bone with sufficient soft tissue are repositioned in a single step or moved orthodontically. It is not used in the maxillary posterior region because of poor accessibility, bleeding complications, and anatomical limitations such as the maxillary sinus. However, the development of piezoelectric surgical devices and the popularization of the sinus floor elevation procedure have simplified the approach to the posterior maxillary area. This article reports two cases of single-tooth osteotomy of ankylosed teeth that were performed safely in the posterior maxilla with the use of a piezoelectric device and a sinus membrane elevation. In addition, several merits of this approach as compared with conventional osteotomy are described. PMID:26697561

  9. Deformation of lacrimal fossa and nasolacrimal canal after paranasal sinus operation and in chronic sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As have been already described in the literature, the bony wall of maxillary antrum is thickened and sclerotic, and antral contraction may occur in chronic sinusitis and after paranasal sinus operation. However, bony nasolacrimal canal (NLC) is also deformed, but no quantitative data have been published on bony NLC in patients with postoperative status and chronic sinusitis. In the present study, I have measured the diameter and the wall thickness of lacrimal fossa (LF) and NLC. Eighty-nine post-operative cases of paranasal sinuses (bilateral 66 cases, unilateral 23 cases, mean 60.1 years; male/female 59/30), 48 cases with chronic paranasal sinusitis (mean 52.9 years; male/female=32/16,) and 40 normal subjects (mean 44.7 years, male/female=18/22) were measured. The diameter of NLC (upper and lower portions), medial wall thickness of LF and NLC were measured. The outer distance between distal end of bilateral NLC and angle of inclination of NLC were also measured. CT examination was performed with multidetector CT with 0.5 mm collimation and measurement was performed on Exavision (Ziosoft), with reconstruction. The mean diameter of NLC in the post-operative group (upper; 5.6 mm, lower; 6.0 mm) was statistically enlarged as compared with that of normal subjects (4.4 mm both). The chronic sinusitis group (4.7 mm, 4.9 mm, respectively) showed no statistical deference from the normal group in upper diameter of NLC. The wall thickness of LF and upper NLC in post-operative groups were statistically thick (post-operative; 0.63, 0.64, normal; 0.37, 0.44 mm, respectively), however, those in chronic sinusitis group were not (chronic sinusitis; 0.40, 0.45 mm, respectively). The angle of the inclination of NLC showed outer deviation in the postoperative group and inner deviation in the chronic sinusitis group. After the operation of paranasal sinuses, dilatation of NLC and thickening of bony wall of LF and NLC occurred definitely, and these phenomena were confirmed statistically. It is said that both postoperative sinus and chronic sinusitis have sclerotic and thickened bony wall of maxillary antrum, however, consequence of statistical deformation of LF and upper NLC occurs only in the former. Currently, dacryocystorhinostomy and sinus surgery have been performed endoscopically. This technique can reduce surgical invasion dramatically, but there is no information on bony structure. The structural change of lacrimal drainage apparatus should be considered and ensured before these operations. Evaluation of postoperative NLC and LF with CT scan is an adequate technique which will avoid technical trouble during the operation and complications. (author)

  10. Endodontic Treatment of a Maxillary Second Molar with Developmental Anomaly: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Asgary, Saeed

    2007-01-01

    Fusion is a rare occurrence in molar teeth. The purpose of this rare case presentation is to describe the nonsurgical endodontic treatment of maxillary molar. A 28-year-old patient was referred for endodontic treatment of her chronic apical abscess of right maxillary second molar. In the clinical examination, a sinus tract adjacent to involved tooth and a small crown of supernumerary tooth fused to the buccal surface of the molar at gingival margin was observed. Endodontic treatment was decid...

  11. Sinus CT scan and Functional Endoscopic Sinus

    OpenAIRE

    S. Naghibi; R. Zojaji; M. Khaki Hesari; A. H. Hashemi

    2008-01-01

    Background/Objective: Computerized tomography scan (CT scan) of the nose and paranasal sinuses plays a key role in preoperative evaluation of patients undergoing endoscope sinus surgery (ESS) for chronic sinusitis. The objective of this study was based on a comparative study among findings of nasal endoscopy during surgery and high resolution CT scan of the nose and paranasal sinuses, within the examinations for etiological"ninvestigation in chronic sinusitis, individualizing the importa...

  12. Meta-analytic study of implant survival following sinus augmentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barona-Dorado, Cristina; Gómez-Moreno, Gerardo; Fernández-Cáliz, Fernando; Martínez-González, José-María

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: To evaluate graft types used for maxillary sinus augmentation and review success rates of dental implants inserted in these areas, analyzing the graft materials used, implant surface types and the moment of implant placement. Study Design: A meta-analytic study reviewing articles on sinus augmentation published during the last ten years. Results: 3,975 implants placed in sinus augmentations (with bony windows) were registered, of which 3,749 implants survived, a survival rate of 94.3%. Conclusions: When performing sinus augmentation, bone substitute materials are just as effective as autologous bone, whether used alone or in combination with autologous bone. Implant surface treatments can have an important effect on implant survival and it would appear that roughened surfaces are the best option. When implants are inserted simultaneously to grafting, a higher failure rate can be expected. Key words: Sinus augmentation, bone implant, bone regeneration, dental implant. PMID:22157658

  13. Transoral removal of ectopic maxillary third molar situated superiorly to maxillary antrum and posteroinferiorly to the floor of orbit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anshul Rai

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Only few cases of ectopic third molar in relation to the roof of maxillary sinus and posteroinferior to the floor of the orbit have been reported in the literature. The diagnosis is usually done by plain-film radiography. "Caldwell-Luc" operation or endoscopic procedures have been used for the removal of such type of ectopic tooth. We report a case of 46-year-old female patient who presented with pain, swelling and watering of eye due to the ectopic tooth. The trans oral removal (via "Caldwell-Luc" operation of the ectopic maxillary third molar situated superior to maxillary antrum and posteroinferior to the floor of orbit has been described in this case without any complication.

  14. Some anatomical variation of paranasal sinuses using sinus endoscopic approach on "cadaver" in Isfahan, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nezamoddin Berjis

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Due to the anatomical variations of the paranasal sinuses and its great importance in sinus surgery, as this area is in very close proximity to vital structures including the optic nerve, carotid artery, and skull base, anatomical knowledge of this area is of high importance. The purpose of this study is defining a full and clear impression of paranasal sinus anatomy and its variations as a model for the human population of the country. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted on 45 cadavers in Isfahan forensic Medicine center during 2010 to 2011. Nasal and paranasal sinuses endoscopic dissection was done with (zero and 30 o lenses (Olympus. The methods of performed dissection were via the Stamberger technique. Results: This study showed that 88.9% (40 cases of middle turbinates were in a typical form, while 6.7% (3 cases were in medial and only 4.4% (2 cases were in the lateral form. We also observed 88.9% (40 cases with Agger nasi cells, 37.8% (17 cases with Onodi cells, 28.9% cases with accessory Ostia of maxillary sinus (13 cases, and 15.6% of the cases (7 cases with concha bullosa. The position of the maxillary sinus ostium was as follows. The inferior 1/3 of hiatus semilunaris in 38 (84.5%, superior 1/3 of hiatus semilunaris in 4 (4.4%, middle 1/3 of hiatus semilunaris in 5 (11.1%. The sphenoid ostia in 53.3% (24 cases were slit shape, 28.9% (13 cases oval, and 17.8% (18 cases were round shape. Conclusion : Our survey showed that the distance between anterior nasal spine and anterior wall of the sphenoid sinus was within 7.6 ± 0.2 cm SD.

  15. Selecting the best approach to the frontal sinus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Philpott, Carl M; McKiernan, David C; Javer, Amin R

    2011-01-01

    The Messerklinger technique is an endoscopic approach to sinus surgery designed to be minimally invasive and preserve mucosa and hence physiological function. More recently there have been advocates for more radical endoscopic approaches to the frontal sinus such as the Modified Lothrop. This review discusses different approaches to frontal sinus surgery including any advantages and disadvantages to each approach. After examining the evidence from the literature, meticulously performed endoscopic frontal sinusotomy with or without computer guidance appears to be the most effective minimally invasive procedure for treating chronic frontal sinusitis secondary to outflow tract obstruction. Properly performed, it is almost always effective in dealing with even the most diseased frontal sinus. It offers clear advantages in reducing complications and recurrence rates in frontal sinus disease, even for revision cases. PMID:22319722

  16. Get Smart: Know When Antibiotics Work - Sinus Infection (Sinusitis)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Farm Get Smart About Antibiotics Week Sinus Infection (Sinusitis) Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet ... Relief Prevention Español: Infección de los senos paranasales (sinusitis) Overview A sinus infection (sinusitis) does not typically ...

  17. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Physician Resources Professions Site Index A-Z Computed Tomography (CT) - Sinuses What is CT (Computed Tomography) of ... CT of the Sinuses? What is CT (Computed Tomography) of the Sinuses? Computed tomography, more commonly known ...

  18. Chronic sinusitis (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and cartilage and lined with a mucous membrane. Sinusitis occurs when the membranes becomes inflamed and painful, ... a result of a blocked sinus opening. Chronic sinusitis is often caused by inflammation and blockage due ...

  19. Sinusitis in adults - aftercare

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... nose and eyes. They are filled with air. Sinusitis is an infection of these chambers, which causes ... Many cases of sinusitis clear up on their own. Most of the time, you do not need antibiotics if your sinusitis lasts for ...

  20. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the Sinuses? What is CT (Computed Tomography) of the Sinuses? Computed tomography, more commonly known as a ... of page What are some common uses of the procedure? CT of the sinuses primarily is used ...

  1. Sinusitis: imaging findings before and after treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Learning objectives: To present the possibilities of Computed Tomography (CT) as a gold standard for investigation of inflammatory sinunasal diseases. The role of CT is very important in acute rhinosinuitis when sign and symptom suggest complication and in chronic sinusitis, especially before endonasal sinus surgery, for postoperative assessment and in cases of recurrences. As this method allows optimal differentiation of the air, bone and soft tissues it is able to achieve an exact visualization of a particular anatomic structures. The best representation in coronal plane of ostiomeatal unit OMU/maxillary sinus ostia, infundibulum, hiatus semilunaris, and the middle nasal turbinate and lateral nasal wall, and in axial plane of the relation: ethmoidal cells:orbit and sphenoidal sinus:internal carotid artery, are one of the biggest advantages of CT. This examination displayed not only the regional anatomy and the spread of the inflammation in the sinuses and adjacent regions, but also aided the operator in his choice of surgical approach. As CT is the best imaging modality in the evaluation of the paranasal sinuses, the question about the radiation dose became very important. The dose was reduced to protect the eye lenses, with no loss of image quality and no signification noise increase. There are many different techniques and recommendations for the CT study of the sinuses, but still no definite idea about the optimal technique for investigation in this region. This is the aim of the lecture - to develop an optimal study for preoperative and postoperative CT examination of the paranasal sinuses

  2. Evaluation study of the sinus lift technique in combination with autologous bone augmentation in dogs' frontal sinus. Limited cone beam CT image and histopathological analyses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahashi, Tatsuo [Tokyo Women' s Medical Coll. (Japan). School of Medicine

    2002-08-01

    The posterior area of the maxilla has often been considered inadequate for the insertion of dental implants due to insufficient height of the alveolar bone by atrophic reduction and the maxillary sinus expansion. This anatomic problem may be resolved with augmentation of the floor of the maxillary sinus. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of sinus lift and grafting with the iliac crest bone performed in the dog frontal sinus as a model of the human maxillary sinus. Time course evaluations of bone volume after insertion of implants were performed by the limited cone beam CT (Ortho-CT), histopathological study and NIH-image digital analysis. New bone formation was identified as early as 2 weeks after the implant insertion. The bone volume was increased continuously until 13th week. High-density bone was found in the cervix of the implant after 26 weeks. However, the bone was lost at apex area of the implant and air cavity of the frontal sinus expanded. Ortho-CT findings showed good correlation with histopathological course of the lesion and bone volume identified by the NIH image analysis. The results revealed first time whole course of the bone remodeling after implant insertion into the frontal sinus of a dog. The data also provide an appropriate timing of the implant prosthesis and promise usefulness of the Ortho-CT in planning efficient implant treatment. (author)

  3. Evaluation study of the sinus lift technique in combination with autologous bone augmentation in dogs' frontal sinus. Limited cone beam CT image and histopathological analyses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The posterior area of the maxilla has often been considered inadequate for the insertion of dental implants due to insufficient height of the alveolar bone by atrophic reduction and the maxillary sinus expansion. This anatomic problem may be resolved with augmentation of the floor of the maxillary sinus. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of sinus lift and grafting with the iliac crest bone performed in the dog frontal sinus as a model of the human maxillary sinus. Time course evaluations of bone volume after insertion of implants were performed by the limited cone beam CT (Ortho-CT), histopathological study and NIH-image digital analysis. New bone formation was identified as early as 2 weeks after the implant insertion. The bone volume was increased continuously until 13th week. High-density bone was found in the cervix of the implant after 26 weeks. However, the bone was lost at apex area of the implant and air cavity of the frontal sinus expanded. Ortho-CT findings showed good correlation with histopathological course of the lesion and bone volume identified by the NIH image analysis. The results revealed first time whole course of the bone remodeling after implant insertion into the frontal sinus of a dog. The data also provide an appropriate timing of the implant prosthesis and promise usefulness of the Ortho-CT in planning efficient implant treatment. (author)

  4. CT and MR findings of mycotic infection of the paranasal sinus: Differentiation from sinonasal neoplasm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Kil Woo; Lim, Hyo Keun; Seo, Gwy Suk; Bae, Sang Hoon [College of Medicine, Hallyum University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Shin Hyung [National Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1992-03-15

    When a soft tissue mass in the bony wall of the paranasal sinus is present. It is difficult to make a distinction between tumor and inflammatory mass on CT. Fungal sinusitis may have soft tissue attenuation on the bony wall of the sinus, bony sclerosis, focal bony destruction, and calcific areas on CT. This is a report of four proven cases of fungal sinusitis, aspergillosis in 3 cases and mucormycosis in 1 case. All 4 patients had CT and one patient had MRI. On CT, bony sclerosis and destruction were well visualized in all cases. On MRI, mycetoma in the maxillary sinus was hypointense on T1 weighted images and more hypointense on T2 weighted images. Although CT appears to be the best modality for initial examination of the patient with sinusitis, the differentiation of fungal sinusitis from tumor mass or other entity may be better accomplished with MRI.

  5. CT and MR findings of mycotic infection of the paranasal sinus: Differentiation from sinonasal neoplasm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    When a soft tissue mass in the bony wall of the paranasal sinus is present. It is difficult to make a distinction between tumor and inflammatory mass on CT. Fungal sinusitis may have soft tissue attenuation on the bony wall of the sinus, bony sclerosis, focal bony destruction, and calcific areas on CT. This is a report of four proven cases of fungal sinusitis, aspergillosis in 3 cases and mucormycosis in 1 case. All 4 patients had CT and one patient had MRI. On CT, bony sclerosis and destruction were well visualized in all cases. On MRI, mycetoma in the maxillary sinus was hypointense on T1 weighted images and more hypointense on T2 weighted images. Although CT appears to be the best modality for initial examination of the patient with sinusitis, the differentiation of fungal sinusitis from tumor mass or other entity may be better accomplished with MRI

  6. Controlled hydrostatic sinus elevation: a novel method of elevating the sinus membrane.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kao, Daniel W K; DeHaven, Harold A

    2011-12-01

    Maxillary sinus elevation surgery has been practiced successfully over the past several decades with good outcomes, but tears and perforations still occur in significant numbers. The presumed cause of these problems is the fact that all methods currently used place "point sources" of lifting pressure on the Schneiderian membrane. A new procedure, controlled hydrostatic sinus lift, is presented herein as a safer, more controlled "lifting pressure" which simultaneously places equal force per square millimeter of bone-membrane interface. Hydraulic pressure in a closed system places equal pressure on all surfaces within the system, thereby eliminating "point sources" of pressure and gently elevating the Schneiderian membrane equally at all points of attachment. This controlled hydrostatic sinus lift procedure is accomplished by using a calibrated, hand-controlled pump and in-line pressure sensor meter. PMID:22067599

  7. Open Sinus Lift Surgery and the Importance of Preoperative Cone-Beam Computed Tomography Scan: A Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahpeyma, Amin; Khajehahmadi, Saeedeh

    2015-01-01

    Open sinus lift surgery is a form of pre-prosthetic surgery for increasing the quality and quantity of bone in the posterior region of the maxilla. Pre-operative assessment of the maxillary sinus is essential for the success of this surgery. PubMed search was carried out in English language literature for open sinus lift surgery and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). The results focused on anatomic variants, vascular anatomy, complications, osteotomy/ostectomy window dimensions and thickness of the Schneiderian Membrane. 59 articles were included in this review. Features other than the height and the width of the residual alveolar ridge that should be evaluated in preoperative CBCT scan include the thickness of the lateral maxillary sinus wall, the presence of the alveolar antral artery and its diameter, the maxillary sinus floor width and angulation, irregularity of sinus floor, intimate relation of Schneiderian membrane with the roots of the adjacent teeth, sinus septum, and the quality of subantral bone. Other conditions that occasionally may be observed in special situations are also explained. More than ten parameters should be checked in evaluating CBCT images of paranasal sinuses other than the width and the length of the residual ridge in the posterior region of the maxilla. Each of them may have a significant impact on the results of the open sinus lift surgery. PMID:26435632

  8. SINUS FLOOR AUGMENTATION WITH BONE BLOCK GRAFTING AND SIMULTANEOUS IMPLANT PLACEMENT.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George S. Manev

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Placement of dental implants in the posterior maxillary edentulous areas is often compromised by the limited volume of bone due to the anatomy of the maxillary sinuses. In such cases, the technique of Sinus Lift is indicated to provide a sufficient volume of hard tissue in order to achieve primary stability at implant placement. Simultaneous augmentation of the sinus floor and implant placement is severely limited by the amount of residual bone of the floor of the sinus.A clinical case of minimal residual bone at the bottom of the sinus is demonstrated. A sinus floor augmentation with bone block harvested from the mandibular symphysis is performed. The bone block is placed in the sinus after membrane elevation and fixed with a screw to the sinus floor. After fixation of the bone block in the sinus implant (10/4.1 mm TSV (Zimmer is placed in reconstructed bone with good primary stability. Healing occurs without complications and the third month X-ray showed normal density of bone around the implant. The technique is very sensitive to surgeon’s skills.

  9. CT characterization of developmental variations of the paranasal sinuses in cystic fibrosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eggesboe, H.B. [Univ. of Oslo (Norway). Aker Hospital; Soevik, S. [Univ. of Oslo (Norway). Inst. of Physiology; Doelvik, S.; Eiklid, K. [Univ. of Oslo (Norway). Ullevaal Hospital; Kolmannskog, F. [Sentrum Roentgeninst., Oslo (Norway)

    2001-09-01

    Purpose: To describe variations of paranasal sinus development in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and in non-CF patients examined for inflammatory sinonasal disease. We focused on anatomic variants that predispose to orbital and cerebral penetration during functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), e.g. hypoplasia of the maxillary sinus and low ethmoid roof. Material and Methods: One hundred and sixteen CF patients (3-54 years, median 18) and 136 control patients (7-51 years, median 31) were examined with coronal CT of the paranasal sinuses. CF patients were grouped according to number of confirmed mutations: CF-2 (n=70), CF-1 (n=32), CF-0 (n=14). CT images were evaluated with respect to paranasal sinus development, pneumatization variants and bony variants. Results: Frontal sinus aplasia and maxillary, ethmoid, and sphenoid sinus hypoplasia were markedly more frequent in CF-2 than in control patients. No CF-2 patient had pneumatization variants such as Haller cells or concha bullosa. Low ethmoid roof was seen in 30% of CF-2 children, but in no control children. CF-1 and CF-0 groups had prevalences of aplasia and hypoplasia intermediate to that of CF-2 and control patients. Conclusion: Genetically verified CF patients had less developed sinuses, lacked pneumatization variants, and more often had anatomic variants that predispose to complications during FESS. Normally developed sinuses and pneumatization variants in some genetically unverified CF patients (CF-1, CF-0) suggest that these patients may be erroneously diagnosed.

  10. CT characterization of developmental variations of the paranasal sinuses in cystic fibrosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To describe variations of paranasal sinus development in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and in non-CF patients examined for inflammatory sinonasal disease. We focused on anatomic variants that predispose to orbital and cerebral penetration during functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), e.g. hypoplasia of the maxillary sinus and low ethmoid roof. Material and Methods: One hundred and sixteen CF patients (3-54 years, median 18) and 136 control patients (7-51 years, median 31) were examined with coronal CT of the paranasal sinuses. CF patients were grouped according to number of confirmed mutations: CF-2 (n=70), CF-1 (n=32), CF-0 (n=14). CT images were evaluated with respect to paranasal sinus development, pneumatization variants and bony variants. Results: Frontal sinus aplasia and maxillary, ethmoid, and sphenoid sinus hypoplasia were markedly more frequent in CF-2 than in control patients. No CF-2 patient had pneumatization variants such as Haller cells or concha bullosa. Low ethmoid roof was seen in 30% of CF-2 children, but in no control children. CF-1 and CF-0 groups had prevalences of aplasia and hypoplasia intermediate to that of CF-2 and control patients. Conclusion: Genetically verified CF patients had less developed sinuses, lacked pneumatization variants, and more often had anatomic variants that predispose to complications during FESS. Normally developed sinuses and pneumatization variants in some genetically unverified CF patients (CF-1, CF-0) suggest that these patients may be erroneously diagnosed

  11. Platelet Rich Fibrin (P.R.F.) in Reconstructive Surgery of Atrophied Maxillary Bones: Clinical and Histological Evaluations

    OpenAIRE

    Marco Tatullo, Massimo Marrelli, Michele Cassetta, Andrea Pacifici, Luigi Vito Stefanelli, Salvatore Scacco, Gianna Dipalma, Luciano Pacifici, Francesco Inchingolo

    2012-01-01

    Introduction. Maxillary bone losses often require additional regenerative procedures: as a supplement to the procedures of tissue regeneration, a platelet concentrate called PRF (Platelet Rich Fibrin) was tested for the first time in France by Dr. Choukroun.Aim of the present study is to investigate, clinically and histologically, the potential use of PRF, associated with deproteinized bovine bone (Bio-Oss), as grafting materials in pre-implantology sinus grafting of severe maxillary atrophy,...

  12. Stage II Chronic Maxillary Atelectasis Associated with Subclinical Visual Field Defect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mangussi-Gomes, João

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Chronic maxillary atelectasis (CMA is characterized by a persistent decrease in the maxillary sinus volume due to inward bowing of its walls. According to its severity, it may be classified into three clinical-radiological stages. Objective: To report a case of stage II CMA associated with subclinical visual field defect. Case Report: A 34-year-old woman presented with a 15-year history of recurrent episodes of sinusitis and intermittent right facial discomfort for the past 5 years. She denied visual complaints, and no facial deformities were observed on physical examination. Paranasal sinus computed tomography (CT demonstrated a completely opacified right maxillary sinus with inward bowing of its walls, suggesting the diagnosis of stage II CMA. A computerized campimetry (CC disclosed a scotoma adjacent to the blind spot of the right eye, indicating a possible damage to the optic nerve. The patient was submitted to functional endoscopic sinus surgery, with drainage of a thick mucous fluid from the sinus. She did well after surgery and has been asymptomatic since then. Postoperative CT was satisfactory and CC was normal. Discussion: CMA occurs because of a persistent ostiomeatal obstruction, which creates negative pressure inside the sinus. It is associated with nasosinusal symptoms but had never been described in association with any visual field defect. It can be divided into stage I (membranous deformity, stage II (bony deformity, and stage III (clinical deformity. The silent sinus syndrome is a special form of CMA. This term should only be used to describe those cases with spontaneous enophthalmos, hypoglobus, and/or midfacial deformity in the absence of nasosinusal symptoms.

  13. Clinical evaluation of asymptomatic sinus disease detected by MRI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iwabuchi, Yasuo; Hanamure, Yutaka; Hirota, Johji; Ohyama, Masaru [Kagoshima Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Medicine

    1994-12-01

    The detection of lesions of the paranasal sinuses as incidental findings during magnetic resonance imaging of patients suspected of intracranial disease who have no nasal symptoms has been far more common than we expected. The present study was performed on 325 patients with a mean age of 60.7 years. Medical histories were taken whether they had any nasal symptoms or not. Asymptomatic sinus disease was present in 41.6% of the 257 patients who had no nasal symptoms, and 9.7% of the patients had either marked mucosal thickening, excessive fluid or polyps in the maxillary sinuses. Although the mean age of these patients was comparatively high, we can infer that 1 in 10 have relatively severe sinus lesions. Mucociliary transport time was measured using the saccharin method in 15 patients who had sinus disease but no nasal symptoms. The mean transport time was 15.6 minutes and within normal limits. Routine ENT examination revealed no lesions in the nasal cavity of any of the subjects. We classified the patients with asymptomatic sinus disease into two groups -- group A: patients with sinus disease associated with some nasal manifestations but who did not complain about them, and group B: patients who had sinus disease but did not have any nasal problems. Group B represents genuine asymptomatic sinus disease in the narrow sense. Most asymptomatic patients in this study appeared to belong to group B. They had some sinus disease, but because their mucociliary function in their nasal cavity was normal, they did not have any nasal symptoms. When we find patients with asymptomatic sinus disease, we have to determine which group they belong to by examining their nasal cavity and measuring their saccharin time. Patients in group A should be medically treated, but those in group B should be followed without medical treatment. (author).

  14. Clinical evaluation of asymptomatic sinus disease detected by MRI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The detection of lesions of the paranasal sinuses as incidental findings during magnetic resonance imaging of patients suspected of intracranial disease who have no nasal symptoms has been far more common than we expected. The present study was performed on 325 patients with a mean age of 60.7 years. Medical histories were taken whether they had any nasal symptoms or not. Asymptomatic sinus disease was present in 41.6% of the 257 patients who had no nasal symptoms, and 9.7% of the patients had either marked mucosal thickening, excessive fluid or polyps in the maxillary sinuses. Although the mean age of these patients was comparatively high, we can infer that 1 in 10 have relatively severe sinus lesions. Mucociliary transport time was measured using the saccharin method in 15 patients who had sinus disease but no nasal symptoms. The mean transport time was 15.6 minutes and within normal limits. Routine ENT examination revealed no lesions in the nasal cavity of any of the subjects. We classified the patients with asymptomatic sinus disease into two groups -- group A: patients with sinus disease associated with some nasal manifestations but who did not complain about them, and group B: patients who had sinus disease but did not have any nasal problems. Group B represents genuine asymptomatic sinus disease in the narrow sense. Most asymptomatic patients in this study appeared to belong to group B. They had some sinus disease, but because their mucociliary function in their nasal cavity was normal, they did not have any nasal symptoms. When we find patients with asymptomatic sinus disease, we have to determine which group they belong to by examining their nasal cavity and measuring their saccharin time. Patients in group A should be medically treated, but those in group B should be followed without medical treatment. (author)

  15. Congenital sinus cyst in a foal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiography and endoscopy of a 17-day-old Standardbred foal that had right-sided facial swelling and dyspnea since birth revealed a soft tissue mass in the right nasal passage and right maxillary and frontal sinuses. A bone flap was used to expose the mass, and a fluid-filled structure was removed surgically. After surgery, the dyspnea was alleviated. The facial deformity resolved by the time the foal was 6 months old. The upper airway obstruction was absent clinically and endoscopically by the time the foal was 17 months old

  16. Radicular cyst of primary tooth associated with maxillary sinus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahadure, Rakesh N; Khubchandani, Monika; Thosar, Nilima R; Singh, Rajeev Kumar

    2013-01-01

    Radicular cyst is one of the most common odontogenic cystic lesions found in the jaws. It is inflammatory in nature and found mostly in relation to a non-vital tooth. It usually presents at a later stage in life because the formation of the cyst is the last step in the progression of inflammatory events after a periapical infection. The cyst usually goes unnoticed because of its painless nature and small size. We present the clinical, radiographic and histological characteristics of a radicular cyst along with its management. Cystic sac was removed surgically under general anaesthesia after the elevation of the mucoperiosteal flap. Histopathologically, the cystic sac was consistent with the features of a radicular cyst. Follow-up period of 21?months showed improved radiographical appearance on Coned Beam CT. Vestibular deepening was planned as a future treatment in the same region. PMID:23833085

  17. Radicular cyst of primary tooth associated with maxillary sinus

    OpenAIRE

    Rakesh N. Bahadure; Khubchandani, Monika; Thosar, Nilima R; Rajeev Kumar SINGH

    2013-01-01

    Radicular cyst is one of the most common odontogenic cystic lesions found in the jaws. It is inflammatory in nature and found mostly in relation to a non-vital tooth. It usually presents at a later stage in life because the formation of the cyst is the last step in the progression of inflammatory events after a periapical infection. The cyst usually goes unnoticed because of its painless nature and small size. We present the clinical, radiographic and histological characteristics of a radicul...

  18. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery in pediatric population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farhadi M

    1997-07-01

    Full Text Available This is a report of 30 cases of pediatric functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS. 28 of these children had chronic sinusitis and 2 had acute sinusitis the most common chief complaints were: 1 Chronic Rhinorea 2 Nasal obstruction 3 Chronic cough. Systemic predisposing conditions were allergy in 7 pts and immotile cilliasyndrome in 2 pts, all of the procedures were performed under general anesthesia. The most common procedures were: 1 Resection of lateral part of the middle turbinate. 2 Antrostomy of the maxillary sinus. 3 Turbinoplasty of the inf turbinate. 4 Anterior erhnoidectomy, (Messerklinger, Approach. There were no kajor complication and only 3 cases of minor complication (2=regeneration of polipoid tissues, 1 synechia occurred. The duration of follow up was from 6-18 mths recovery occurred in 26 pts. Two of the pts didn't respond because of severe allergy and were referred to immunologist for further therapy 2 others didn't respond appropriately because of immotile cilliasyndrome

  19. Minimally invasive endoscopic removal of a massive trabecular juvenile ossifying fibroma of the paranasal sinuses

    OpenAIRE

    Marglani, Osama A.; Mohammed Y. Kassab; Raza, Syed A

    2014-01-01

    An 11-year-old female patient presented with left-sided nasal obstruction and upward displacement of the left eye of 3 months duration. Clinical examination revealed a firm mass in the left nasal cavity. A CT scan showed a massive tumor involving the left maxillary sinus with extension into the ethmoid sinus, and encroaching on the left orbit. Histopathological examination revealed trabecular juvenile ossifying fibroma, which was removed via a transnasal endoscopic surgery by the Otorhinolary...

  20. Three dimensional analysis of CT image on naso-maxillary complex in cleft lip and palate patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ma, Rong-Rong [Tokyo Medical and Dental Univ. (Japan). School of Dentistry

    1994-12-01

    This study was designed to clarify the three dimensional features of naso-maxillary complex in cleft lip and palate (CLP) by using computed tomography (CT) and to examine its change following an upper dental arch expansion. Sequential CT images with 2mm-thickness were obtained for 11 unilateral CLP boys (UCLP), 6 bilateral CLP boys (BCLP) and 4 boys without cleft (non-cleft). Additionally, two serial sets of upper dental cast before and after dental arch expansion coupled with CT images in UCLP were used to evaluate the effect of dental arch expansion on the naso-maxillary complex. UCLP demonstrated a remarkable naso-maxillary deformity characterized by a decreased volume of maxillary sinus in comparison with the non-cleft patients. Both the volume and shape of nasal cavity were significantly different between the cleft and non cleft side. Naso-maxillary morphology of BCLP, however, was similar to that of the non cleft except for the decreased volume of alveolar arch. Comparative study of UCLP and BCLP showed a significant difference in naso-maxillary morphology. There were some significant correlations between the dental arch expansion and change of each naso-maxillary component, suggesting the effect of expansion stress on the naso-maxillary complex in UCLP. However, deformation caused by expansion stress varied, depending on each component of the naso-maxillary complex. (author) 61 refs.

  1. Morpho-functional evaluation of osteomeatal complex in chronic sinusitis by coronal CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective was to determine whether or not there exists a clinical-radiological correlation in chronic sinusitis of anterior paranasal sinus and to quantitatively evaluate the importance of osteomeatal complex structures and anatomic variants in chronic sinusitis etiopathology. We analyzed 208 nasal fossae with high-resolution and low-irradiation coronal computed tomography. The following inclusion criteria we established: one case control and one control group. We considered any chronic thickness of sinusal mucosal as a radiological indicator of chronic sinusitis. We evaluated the mucosal thickness of internal, external, superior and inferior maxillary walls, the addition of four maxillary walls and the maximal mucosal thickness in frontal sinus and anterior ethmoidal cells. We also obtained 15 parameters of osteomeatal complex structures and anatomical variants in each nasal fossa, and we correlated them statistically with chronic sinusitis radiological indicators. Uncinate process length is the only anatomic element from which we have been able to obtain a statistically significant cut point between case and control groups, but only with a sensitivity of 51.6%, specificity of 71.2%, positive predictive value of 74.2%, and negative predictive value of 47.9%. No association of radiological parameters exists that can explain chronic sinusitis. (orig.)

  2. Morpho-functional evaluation of osteomeatal complex in chronic sinusitis by coronal CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pruna, Xavier [Servei de Diagnostic per Imatge, Hospital General de Granollers, Francesc Ribas s/n, Granollers, 08400 Barcelona (Spain)

    2003-06-01

    The objective was to determine whether or not there exists a clinical-radiological correlation in chronic sinusitis of anterior paranasal sinus and to quantitatively evaluate the importance of osteomeatal complex structures and anatomic variants in chronic sinusitis etiopathology. We analyzed 208 nasal fossae with high-resolution and low-irradiation coronal computed tomography. The following inclusion criteria we established: one case control and one control group. We considered any chronic thickness of sinusal mucosal as a radiological indicator of chronic sinusitis. We evaluated the mucosal thickness of internal, external, superior and inferior maxillary walls, the addition of four maxillary walls and the maximal mucosal thickness in frontal sinus and anterior ethmoidal cells. We also obtained 15 parameters of osteomeatal complex structures and anatomical variants in each nasal fossa, and we correlated them statistically with chronic sinusitis radiological indicators. Uncinate process length is the only anatomic element from which we have been able to obtain a statistically significant cut point between case and control groups, but only with a sensitivity of 51.6%, specificity of 71.2%, positive predictive value of 74.2%, and negative predictive value of 47.9%. No association of radiological parameters exists that can explain chronic sinusitis. (orig.)

  3. Approaching chronic sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarber, Kathleen M; Dion, Gregory Robert; Weitzel, Erik K; McMains, Kevin C

    2013-11-01

    Chronic sinusitis is a common disease that encompasses a number of syndromes that are characterized by sinonasal mucosal inflammation. Chronic sinusitis can be defined as two or more of the following symptoms lasting for more than 12 consecutive weeks: discolored rhinorrhea, postnasal drip, nasal obstruction, facial pressure or pain, or decreased sense of smell. Chronic sinusitis is further classified as chronic sinusitis with polyposis, chronic sinusitis without polyposis, or allergic fungal sinusitis using physical examination, and histologic and radiographic findings. Treatment methods for chronic sinusitis are based upon categorization of the disease and include oral and inhaled corticosteroids, nasal saline irrigations, and antibiotics in selected patients. Understanding the various forms of chronic sinusitis and managing and ruling out comorbidities are key to successful management of this common disorder. PMID:24192597

  4. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... paranasal sinus cavities. The paranasal sinuses are hollow, air-filled spaces located within the bones of the ... and surrounding the nasal cavity , a system of air channels connecting the nose with the back of ...

  5. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... by defining anatomy or giving further information about tumors of the nasal cavity and sinuses. evaluate sinuses ... is occasionally used to detect the presence of tumors, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the primary choice ...

  6. Endoscopic Sinus Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... This list of medications that could potentially treat sinusitis is quite long. These medications include both prescription and over-the-counter treatments located at your local pharmacy. For acute sinusitis ( ...

  7. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... by defining anatomy or giving further information about tumors of the nasal cavity and sinuses. evaluate sinuses ... Risks There is always a slight chance of cancer from excessive exposure to radiation. However, the benefit ...

  8. Incidental sinus abnormalities in 256 patients referred for brain MRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghanaati H

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Imaging abnormalities in the paranasal sinuses are regularly noted as incidental findings on MRI, however, little is known about their prevalence in the Iranian population. The purpose of this study was to classify these findings in the paranasal sinuses as seen on MRI and to investigate the prevalence, according to site and type of paranasal abnormality. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the T2-weighted axial MRI of 256 patients with diseases unrelated to their paranasal sinuses were reviewed between May 2002 and June 2003. The findings were categorized according to the anatomic location and the imaging characteristics of the abnormality. The abnormalities recorded included total sinus opacification, mucoperiosteal thickening >5mm, air fluid levels and retention cysts or polyps. Unilateral or bilateral involvement and septal deviation were also noted. A sinus was considered normal if it was fully aerated and no soft-tissue density was apparent within the cavity. Results: Among our cases, 111 (43.5% were male and 145 (56.5% were female. Of these patients, abnormalities in one or more of the sinus groups were found in 110 subjects (42.9%, 55.5% of which were male and 44.5% were female (P=0.001. Maxillary sinus abnormalities were observed in 66.4% of the patients, while ethmoid sinus abnormalities were found in 63.6%. Of the ethmoid abnormalities, 21% were found in the anterior section, 9% in the middle ethmoid, and 8% in the posterior ethmoid. The most common abnormality found was mucosal thickening. Among our cases, 23.4% had septal deviation, which was significantly higher among those with sinusitis (29% versus 19.1%; P<0.01. Of those patients with sinus involvement, 16% were involved in the sphenoid sinus and 5% in the frontal sinus. The results obtained from the patients with sinus abnormality revealed that 85% suffered from cough, nasal obstruction, runny nose, facial pain and post nasal discharge and 24% had been diagnosed with chronic sinusitis by physician. Conclusion: Our results showed that there was a high rate of incidental abnormalities in the paranasal sinuses that are unrelated to the patient's presenting problems.

  9. Histoplasma capsulatum sinusitis.

    OpenAIRE

    Butt, A A; Carreon, J

    1997-01-01

    Sinusitis is commonly reported in patients with AIDS. In addition to the usual bacterial pathogens isolated from immunocompetent patients, sinusitis in patients with AIDS may be caused by a variety of unusual bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, and mycobacteria. Histoplasma capsulatum has not typically been associated with sinusitis in either group of patients. We report a case of sinusitis caused by H. capsulatum in a patient with AIDS.

  10. Sinusitis. Diagnostic methods.

    OpenAIRE

    Revonta, M.; Blokmanis, A.

    1994-01-01

    Sinusitis, which primarily involves the anterior ethmoid air cells, can spread to the larger sinus cavities to cause acute and chronic secondary infection. Endoscopic and computed tomographic techniques enable earlier diagnosis and treatment of sinusitis and permanent cure. Primary care physicians should try to identify the disease before it reaches a stage where endoscopic control becomes difficult. Ultrasonography is now used in Europe to diagnose sinusitis and initiate treatment.

  11. The value of the occipitomental (waters') view in diagnosis of sinusitis: A comparative study with computed tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Konen, Eli; Faibel, Meir; Kleinbaum, Yeroham; Wolf, Michael; Lusky, Ayala; Hoffman, Chen; Eyal, Ana; Tadmor, Rina

    2000-11-01

    AIM: Sinus X-rays are still frequently used in the evaluation of paranasal sinusitis. Many radiology departments nowadays provide the referring doctors with a single Waters' projection. Our purpose was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a single Waters' view vs high resolution computed tomography (CT) in the diagnosis of paranasal sinusitis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 134 patients with suspected paranasal sinusitis underwent a Waters' view X-ray and high resolution CT on the same day. The radiographs were evaluated independently by nine experienced radiologists, who observed each sinus separately. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive and negative predictive values were calculated for each sinus and for each observer, using the CT findings as a 'gold standard'. RESULTS: The weighted mean sensitivity for diagnosis of any abnormality in the maxillary sinus was 67.7%, specificity 87.6%, accuracy 78.6%, positive predictive value 82.5% and negative predictive value 76.9%. For this sinus the variation between observers was small, however, the sensitivity for diagnosis of any disease in the frontal and ethmoid sinuses varied widely between observers (range 1.9-54.0% and 0-58.9%, respectively). The sensitivity for the sphenoid sinus was very low (range 0-3.8%), even in radiographs which seemed to demonstrate it well. CONCLUSION: The Waters' view has its limits in the diagnosis of sinusitis of the maxillary sinuses and its contribution for diagnosing lesions in the remaining sinuses is very poor. Whenever access to CT is available, a low dose high-resolution CT study of the paranasal sinuses is highly recommended. Konen, E. (2000)

  12. Bacterial Communities Vary between Sinuses in Chronic Rhinosinusitis Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joss, Tom V.; Burke, Catherine M.; Hudson, Bernard J.; Darling, Aaron E.; Forer, Martin; Alber, Dagmar G.; Charles, Ian G.; Stow, Nicholas W.

    2016-01-01

    Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common and potentially debilitating disease characterized by inflammation of the sinus mucosa for longer than 12 weeks. Bacterial colonization of the sinuses and its role in the pathogenesis of this disease is an ongoing area of research. Recent advances in culture-independent molecular techniques for bacterial identification have the potential to provide a more accurate and complete assessment of the sinus microbiome, however there is little concordance in results between studies, possibly due to differences in the sampling location and techniques. This study aimed to determine whether the microbial communities from one sinus could be considered representative of all sinuses, and examine differences between two commonly used methods for sample collection, swabs, and tissue biopsies. High-throughput DNA sequencing of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene was applied to both swab and tissue samples from multiple sinuses of 19 patients undergoing surgery for treatment of CRS. Results from swabs and tissue biopsies showed a high degree of similarity, indicating that swabbing is sufficient to recover the microbial community from the sinuses. Microbial communities from different sinuses within individual patients differed to varying degrees, demonstrating that it is possible for distinct microbiomes to exist simultaneously in different sinuses of the same patient. The sequencing results correlated well with culture-based pathogen identification conducted in parallel, although the culturing missed many species detected by sequencing. This finding has implications for future research into the sinus microbiome, which should take this heterogeneity into account by sampling patients from more than one sinus. PMID:26834708

  13. Bola fúngica dos seios paranasais: relato de dois casos e revisão de literatura / Fungus ball of the paranasal sinuses: report of two cases and literature review

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Guilherme Rasia, Bosi; Gustavo Lisbôa de, Braga; Tobias Skrebsky de, Almeida; Adriana de, Carli.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Bola fúngica dos seios paranasais é uma infecção não invasiva que se caracteriza por sua cronicidade, sendo a maioria relacionada com tratamento endodôntico prévio. Acomete principalmente o seio maxilar, embora todos os seios possam ser envolvidos. O principal agente etiológico é o Asper [...] gillus spp. A tomografia computadorizada, devido às apresentações radiológicas características, sugere o diagnóstico que é realizado definitivamente através de análises histopatológicas. O tratamento padrão-ouro é a cirurgia sinusal endoscópica com antrostomia meatal média. OBJETIVO: Relatar dois casos de bola fúngica dos seios paranasais e ressaltar aspectos importantes desta patologia. RELATO DOS CASOS: Caso 1) Paciente do sexo feminino, 78 anos, apresentou-se com queixas de dor facial há 6 meses e história prévia de tratamento endodôntico. Ao exame físico constatou-se a presença de secreção purulenta em meato médio esquerdo. O Raio X apresentou velamento completo do seio maxilar esquerdo, enquanto a tomografia computadorizada mostrou lesão calcificada neste local. Realizou-se sinusotomia que evoluiu bem. Caso 2) Paciente do sexo feminino, 70 anos, procurou atendimento por história de sinusites de repetição. Ao exame físico não se percebeu nenhuma particularidade. A tomografia computadorizada, assim como a ressonância magnética, detectou espessamento da parede mucosa do seio maxilar esquerdo, além de uma massa calcificada. Realizouse a mesma sequência de tratamento e a paciente também evoluiu bem. CONSIDERAÇÕES FINAIS: A infecção fúngica deve ser considerada nos pacientes que se apresentam com sinusite crônica, que não respondem ao uso de antibióticos e que possuem história de manipulação endodôntica. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Fungal ball of the sinuses is a not invasive infection that if characterizes for its chronicity, being the majority related with previous endodontic treatment. Affect mainly the breasts to maxillary; even so all the breasts can be involved. The main etiological agent is the Aspergillus [...] spp. The computed tomography, had to characteristic the radiological presentations, suggests the diagnosis that is carried through definitively through histopathological analyses. The treatment standard-gold is the sinus surgery with average meatal antrostomy. OBJECTIVE: Reporting two cases of fungal ball of the sinuses and to stand out important aspects of this pathology. STORY OF THE CASES: Case 1) Patient of the feminine sex, 78 years old, presented itself with complaints of face pain has 6 months and previous history of endodontic treatment. To the physical examination it was evidenced purulent secretion presence in left average meatus. Ray X presented complete veiling of the breasts to maxillary left, while the computed tomography showed injury calcified in this place. Sinusotomy was become fulfilled that evolved well. Case 2) Patient of the feminine sex, 70 years old, looked attendance for history of sinusitis of repetition. To the physical examination no particularity was not perceived. The computed tomography, as well as the magnetic resonance, detected thickening of the mucous wall of the breasts to maxillary left, beyond a calcified mass. It was become fulfilled same sequence of treatment and the patient also evolved well. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: The fungal infection must be considered in the patients who if present with chronic sinusitis, that they do not answer to the antibiotic use and that they possess history of endodontic manipulation.

  14. Radiological findings in paranasal sinus mucoceles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the utility of computed tomography (CT) as the technique of choice in the diagnosis and study of the extension of paranasal sinus mucoceles and to assess the role of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. We carried out a retrospective study of 57 paranasal sinus mucoceles in 56 patients who had been diagnosed and treated from 1977 to 1997. Forth-eight patients had been examined by CT and, of these, six had also undergone MR imaging. Eight patients had only plain X-rays. Most of the mucoceles (73,2%) were located in frontal or frontal-ethmoidal sinus, followed by maxillary sinus (21.5%), the sphenoid sinus was the least frequent sites (5.3%). Of the 49 mucoceles (bilateral in one case) diagnosed by CT, 27 (56.25%) presented expansion and bone destruction, 16 (33,3%) showed only expansion and 6(12%) showed no clear evidence of expansion. Thirty extended to the orbit, four to the endocranium, two to the soft tissues of the forehead and one to the pterygomaxillary fissure and the sphenoidal ridge in one, involvement of both orbits in two and pyomucocele in another. The CT findings were characteristic in nearly every case: well-defined mass, low attenuation (high attenuation when the secretions were very thick), expansive and unenhanced by contrast agents. CT is the technique of choice for the diagnosis of mucocele and to assess their extension and the degree of bone involvement. The utilization of MR imaging facilities the definition of the interface between intracranial and intraorbital structures. (Author) 25 refs

  15. Computed tomography in the evaluation of the sphenoidal sinus lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shirahata, Yuichi; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Tachinbana, Toshiro; Onishi, Tosio.

    1988-02-01

    The sphenoidal sinus lesions, which were documented by sinus CT, were found in 32 sides of sphenoidal sinus of 19 patients seen in 14 months from January 1984 to February 1986. Sphenoiditis was frequently seen as in 17 % in the all poly-sinusitis, and sphenoidals cysts were seen in 4 side in 3 patients. The indications of the sphenoiditis by CT were thickening of the mucosa and opacificasion with soft tissue density. By sphenoid cysts, no contrast enhancement was seen and margins of the cyst wall were smooth and regular with bone erosion. Since erosion of the bone is also seen in Wegener's granulomatosis and carcinoma, the CT image of the bone erosion is not specific to either of them and does not contribute to the definitive diagnosis of malignancy.

  16. Computed tomography in the evaluation of the sphenoidal sinus lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The sphenoidal sinus lesions, which were documented by sinus CT, were found in 32 sides of sphenoidal sinus of 19 patients seen in 14 months from January 1984 to February 1986. Sphenoiditis was frequently seen as in 17 % in the all poly-sinusitis, and sphenoidals cysts were seen in 4 side in 3 patients. The indications of the sphenoiditis by CT were thickening of the mucosa and opacificasion with soft tissue density. By sphenoid cysts, no contrast enhancement was seen and margins of the cyst wall were smooth and regular with bone erosion. Since erosion of the bone is also seen in Wegener's granulomatosis and carcinoma, the CT image of the bone erosion is not specific to either of them and does not contribute to the definitive diagnosis of malignancy. (author)

  17. OUR EXPERIENCE IN TREATING SINUSITIS IN CHILDREN AND YOUTH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilija Zivkovic

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available The experiences in treating sinusitis in 30 children and young men arepresented. The patients' age was within the range from 7 to 18. There were 16 boysand 14 girls. Ali the patients were examined in the clinic approach, that is, by the frontrhinoscopiy; the laboratory analyses were done as well as the biogram and the antibiogramof the nose beside x-raying of the paranasal cavities in the oxyphytomentalposition and sinusoscopy. The ophtalmological and the pediatrie examinations werealso carried out. Nine patients underwent the maxillary sinus trephination accordingto Caldwell-Luc; two patients underwent external ethmoidectomy while one patientunderwent the frontal sinus trephination according to Ruttemburg as well asendonasal back ethmoidectomy. The conservative treatment was given to 18 patients.A surgical intervention was done on 12 patients. Ali the patients were successfullytreated.

  18. Fibrolipoma of buccal mucosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Khubchandani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The lipoma is a very common benign tumor of adipose tissue, but its presence in the oral and oropharyngeal region is relatively uncommon. Fibrolipoma, a histological variant of lipoma, mostly affect the buccal mucosa and causes functional and cosmetic disabilities. Hence, accurate histopathological examination of lipomas is important for a correct treatment plan. This article describes a case of 10 year old girl with fibrolipoma of the buccal mucosa with a relevant review of tumors.

  19. Evidence of p53 immunohistochemical overexpression in ethmoidal mucosa of woodworkers

    OpenAIRE

    PIRA, Enrico; Migliaretti, Giuseppe

    2004-01-01

    A high risk of neoplastic transformation of nasal and paranasal sinuses mucosa is related to the occupational exposure to wood dust, however no conclusive data have been reported up to now about morphological precursors of these tumors, mechanisms of carcinogenesis and role of p53 gene. Immunohistochemical overexpression of protein p53 (DO7 clone) by epithelial cells of ethmoidal mucosa was investigated on 60 woodworkers occupationally exposed for a minimum of 10 years, on 50 functional and/o...

  20. Mycetoma sans sinuses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saha Sudipta

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Mycetoma is a chronic suppurative infection involving the skin, subcutaneous tissue and bone. The hallmark of mycetoma is tumefaction, draining sinuses and the presence of microcolonies called grains. Sinuses develop in all patients with mycetoma within a year of the appearance of the lesion. The following case is reported as no sinuses had developed despite the presence of the lesion for 9 years, posing a diagnostic dilemma.

  1. Peripheral odontogenic fibroma associated with a dilacerated maxillary central incisor: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramachandra, Srinivas Sulugodu; Baliga, Vidya; Prasad, Umesh Chandra

    2011-10-01

    The authors report a case of a 16-year-old male with peripheral odontogenic fibroma (POF) in the anterior maxilla associated with dilaceration of a tooth in its vicinity. A solitary, exophytic and sessile growth was present between the maxillary right central and lateral incisors and extended from the labial mucosa to the palatal gingiva. A periapical radiograph of the maxillary right central incisor revealed a shortened and dilacerated root. The growth was excised and sent for histopathologic examination. A diagnosis of POF (World Health Organization type) was rendered. The clinical and microscopic features are discussed. PMID:23738522

  2. Maxillary cementoblastoma in a child.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Fábio Wildson Gurgel; Pereira, Karuza Maria Alves; Magalhães Dias, Marcelo; da Costa Miguel, Márcia Cristina; de Paula Miranda, Maria Adriana Skeff; Studart Soares, Eduardo Costa

    2011-09-01

    Cementoblastoma is a rare benign tumor that almost always occurs in the premolar or molar region and more commonly in the mandible than in the maxilla. We present a unique incisor maxillary cementoblastoma in an 11-year-old child not previously described. To our knowledge, only 2 maxillary cases, both related to canine teeth, were described in the international literature. Thus, the aim of this article was to discuss the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and subsequent treatment of a patient with a cementoblastoma in the anterior maxillary region. PMID:21959464

  3. Sinus biofilms in patients with cystic fibrosis: is adjusted eradication therapy needed?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aanaes, Kasper; Eickhardt, Steffen; Johansen, Helle Krogh; von Buchwald, Christian; Skov, Marianne; Høiby, Niels; Bjarnsholt, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    The paranasal sinuses can be a focus for colonisation of the cystic fibrosis (CF) lungs with pathogens. In the sinuses, bacteria can adapt to the lung environment and enhance their antibiotic resistance, with biofilm formation thought to be the most important adaptive mechanism, causing...... recalcitrant disease. The presence of biofilms in CF sinuses is sparsely described. In this descriptive cross-sectional study, the sinus mucosa from 16 CF patients were analysed by fluorescence in situ hybridization using specific peptide nucleic acid (PNA-FISH) probes for Pseudomonas aeruginosa and...... biofilms in intermittently lung-colonised patients encourage us to intensify the attempt to eradicate pathogenic bacteria from the CF sinuses in an early stage using combined antibiotic therapy in the prolonged exposure of the sinus-mucosal surface....

  4. Eradication of common pathogens at days 2, 3 and 4 of moxifloxacin therapy in patients with acute bacterial sinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    Benson Alice; Gower Richard; Johnson Peter; Rojas Ramon; Ariza Horacio; Herrington Janet; Perroncel Renee; Pertel Peter

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Background Acute bacterial sinusitis (ABS) is a common infection in clinical practice. Data on time to bacteriologic eradication after antimicrobial therapy are lacking for most agents, but are necessary in order to optimize therapy. This was a prospective, single-arm, open-label, multicenter study to determine the time to bacteriologic eradication in ABS patients (maxillary sinusitis) treated with moxifloxacin. Methods Adult patients with radiologically and clinically confirmed ABS ...

  5. Diagnostic imaging in two cases of recurrent maxillary ameloblastoma: comparative evaluation of plain radiographs, CT and MR images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawai, T; Murakami, S; Kishino, M; Matsuya, T; Sakuda, M; Fuchihata, H

    1998-08-01

    We report detailed clinical and imaging findings of two patients with recurrent maxillary ameloblastoma. In one patient the recurrent tumour presented at follow-up examination 5 years after the initial operation. The other patients had a far advanced recurrent tumour with maxillary destruction extending into the adjacent normal structures including the infratemporal fossa, infraorbital fissure, masticator space and the left ethmoid sinus. The findings on conventional radiography including panoramic, posteroanterior and Waters' projection, and the findings of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging were evaluated using the following three variables: artefact degradation, lesion detectability, and conspicuity. The results suggested that MR imaging was the best imaging method for visualization of the tumours, followed by contrast enhanced CT. These two cases show that maxillary ameloblastoma can be difficult to control when it extends to the adjacent normal structures after destroying the maxilla. MR imaging was essential to establish the exact extent of the advanced maxillary ameloblastoma. PMID:9762460

  6. What Causes the Symptoms of Sinusitis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Skip Content Marketing Share this: Main Content Area Sinusitis Cause Colds, bacterial infections, allergies, asthma, and other ... sinusitis, or inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. Acute Sinusitis Acute sinusitis is usually caused by a viral ...

  7. Long-term outcome of dental implants after maxillary augmentation with and without bone grafting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machuca-Ariza, Jesús; Ruiz-Martos, Alberto; Ramos-Robles, Mª-Carmen; Martínez-Lara, Ildefonso

    2016-01-01

    Background This study aims to evaluate the technique of sinus bone reformation, which consists of elevating the sinus membrane and placement the implant without bone graft, compared with the widely-used technique involving raising the maxillary sinus and grafting, using animal hydroxyapatite as the filler, while simultaneously fixing the implants. Material and Methods This is a retrospective study on two groups of patients who underwent elevation of the sinus membrane and simultaneous placement of the implant. The grafting technique was applied to one group, while the other had no graft. An alveolar ridge height of 4 to 7 mm was necessary. Radiological control was undertaken at 6 months and one year post-prosthetic loading. In each group 38 implants were placed. Results No significant behavioural differences were observed in the implants according to the Albrektsson success criteria. Implant failure was observed in 2 implants from the bone grafting group (success rate 93%) and in 1 implant from the reformation group (success rate 97%). In this group, bone formation was observed on both sides of each implant, the bone gain was measured using image management software (2.7±0.9mm mesial and 2.6±0.9mm distal). There was no correlation between mesial and distal bone gain and implant´s length. Conclusions The results indicate that bone reformation is a valid technique in cases involving atrophy of the posterior maxilla. Primary stability, maintenance of space by the implant, and the formation of a blood clot are crucial in this technique in order to achieve bone formation around the implant. It is an alternative to the conventional technique of sinus lift with filling material, and has several advantages over this procedure, including a lower infection risk, as it does not involve a biomaterial, reduced cost, a simpler technique, and better acceptance by the patient. Key words:Bone formation, sinus membrane elevation, maxillary sinus, bone grafting. PMID:26827071

  8. CT an MR imaging of the paranasal sinuses in cystic fibrosis. Correlation with microbiological and histopathological results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To compare CT and MR findings of the paranasal sinuses in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) with microbiology and histopathology. Further, to compare microbiology from the maxillary sinuses, nasopharynx and sputum. Material and methods: CT and MR imaging of the paranasal sinuses were performed in 10 CF patients. Endoscopy and maxillary sinus aspirates were obtained (guided by the MR findings) and analyzed microbiologically and histologically. Samples from the nasopharynx and sputum were analyzed microbiologically. Results: CT and MR were equal in displaying the extent of soft tissue masses, which at CT were homogeneous, while MR showed heterogeneous signals. MR images also demonstrated circumscribed areas with signal void at the STIR sequence with corresponding high to intermediate signal at the T1-weighted sequence. P. aeruginosa was frequently cultured from these areas which we named the 'black hole sign'. Maxillary sinus cultures revealed the same bacteria as nasopharynx and sputum cultures combined. Conclusion: MR images were superior to CT in differentiating soft tissue masses in the paranasal sinuses in CF patients. Bacteria with potential for specialized iron uptake mechanisms were present in areas with signal void at the STIR sequence. Our hypothesis is that the MR 'black hole sign' can be explained by paramagnetic properties related to bacterial agents. (orig.)

  9. A case of myofibroblastic sarcoma in the maxillary region suspected to be radiation-induced

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Myofibroblastic sarcoma is an extremely rare malignant tumor in the oral and maxillofacial region. We report a case of myofibroblastic sarcoma probably induced by irradiation for maxillary sinus cancer. The patient was a 61-year-old man whose present history was as follows. In October 1989, he presented with pain in the left maxillary molar region. A squamous cell carcinoma of the left maxillary sinus was diagnosed, and he was treated with external irradiation of 50 Gy combined with chemotherapy. Left maxillectomy was done in February 1990. The postoperative course was satisfactory. However, in June 1998, he presented again with a tumor arising in the posterior region of the defect on the left side of the maxilla. Although histopathological examination of a biopsy specimen revealed granulation tissue with inflammatory changes, the tumor grew rapidly. The tumor was therefore suspected to be malignant and was resected under general anesthesia. Histopathological examination revealed atypical and spindle tumor cells with immunohistochemically positive staining for ?-smooth muscle actin, desmin, vimentin, and muscle specific actin, but negative staining for h-caldesmon. On the basis of these histopathological and clinical findings, a final diagnosis of a myofibroblastic sarcoma of the maxillary region was made. The lesion was strongly suspected to be a radiation-induced tumor. The patient was followed up for 4 years 5 months after operation. The subsequent course was satisfactory, with no signs of recurrence or distant metastasis. (author)

  10. FRONTAL SINUS APLASIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANUJ JAIN

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Paranasal sinuses are prone to a great diversity of anomalies. It is important for surgeons to be aware of variations that may predispose patients to increased risk of intraoperative complications and help avoid possible complications and improve success of management strategies. Plane x-rays can be widely used to map sinus anatomy prior to surgical intervention to limit morbidity.The frontal sinus has been used for personal identification since the early part of the 20th century as a result of its tremendous interindividual variation. The frontal sinus is present in approximately 90% of adults. However, some populations have a higher proportion of people without a frontal sinus. This study investigated the frequency of the absence of frontal sinus in Karnataka region of India. The present study was performed retrospectively on radiographs from a series of 238 cases. Abilateral absence and a unilateral absence of sinuses were found in 6(2.5 % and 2(0.84 % of cases, respectively. The clinical significance of the frontal sinuses and their absence are also discussed.

  11. Bronchiectasis and sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper refers to bronchiectasis and sinusitis, in a Patient 27 year old, with square of two days of chill evolution, fever, general uneasiness, migraine, cough, rhinorrhoea, purulent expectoration and dyspnoea. She refers sinusitis antecedents before three months, managed medically and situs in versus, diagnosed six years before

  12. Rinosinusitis maxilar crónica de origen dental / Chronic maxillary rhinosinusitis of dental origin

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Claudia, Heider C; Gloria, Ribalta L; Daniel, Bacigalupe R; Karin, Krauss M.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La rinosinusitis maxilar de origen dental (RSMD) es una entidad reconocida con una incidencia cercana al 30%. Su diagnóstico puede pasar inadvertido, tanto en la clínica como en las imágenes, llevando a persistencia de sintomatología y fracaso de tratamiento. Objetivo: Describir la pre [...] sentación clínica, diagnóstico y tratamiento de pacientes con rinosinusitis maxilar de origen dental. Material y método: Reporte de casos. Se revisaron historias clínicas, imágenes radiológicas, protocolos operatorios y cultivos microbiológicos de pacientes con diagnóstico de rinosinusitis de origen dental atendidos en Clínica Las Condes. Resultados: Diez pacientes, siete mujeres y tres hombres con edad promedio de 63 años. Descarga posterior y rinorrea fueron los síntomas más frecuentes. El estudio incluyó radiografía dental y tomografía computarizada de cavidades paranasales. Las complicaciones secundarias a extracciones dentales y de implantes dentales fueron las etiologías más frecuentes, siendo el primer molar la pieza dental más comprometida. Todos los casos fueron manejados en conjunto por equipo médico y odontológico. Ocho pacientes requirieron tratamiento quirúrgico y 5 de ellos además procedimientos dentales asociados. La flora responsable fue mixta aerobia y anaerobia. Conclusión: En pacientes rebeldes a tratamiento y con síntomas unilaterales, se debe tener un alto índice de sospecha y buscar dirigidamente patologías dentales que expliquen cuadros rinosinusales máxilo-etmoidales. Abstract in english Introduction: Odontogenic maxillary sinusitis is a well-recognized condition and accounts for approximately 30% of maxillary sinusitis cases. The diagnosis can be missed leading to failure in medical and surgical treatments. Aim: To describe clinical features, diagnosis procedures and treatment of o [...] dontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Material and method: Case Report. We retrospectively reviewed medical records, radiologic characteristic, surgical findings and intraoperative microbial cultures of patients with diagnosis of odontogenic sinusitis at Clínica Las Condes. Results: 10 patients were identified, 7 females and 3 males with a mean age of 63 years. Posterior discharge and rhinorrhea were the most common symptoms. Dental x-rays and paranasal sinus CT-scans were performed in all patients. Iatrogenic causes, which include dental implants and dental extractions, were the most common etiology and the 1st molar was the dental piece most frequently involved. Both otolaryngologists and dentistsworked together in all cases. 8 patients had endoscopic sinus surgery and five of them received concomitant management of the dental origin. Polymicrobial cultures were obtained. Conclusions: Otolaryngologists must have a high index of suspicion and look for an odontogenic cause in individuals with unilateral maxillary and ethmoidal symptoms, resistant to conventional sinusitis therapy.

  13. Anatomic Variation of Sphenoid Sinus and Related Structures in Libyan Population: CT Scan Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hewaidi GH

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Sphenoid sinus is the most inaccessible paranasal sinus, enclosed within the sphenoid bone and intimately related to numerous vital neural and vascular structures. Anatomic variation of the sphenoid sinus is well documented and may complicate surgery in such a place. Objective: To outline the surgically risky anatomic variants of the sphenoid sinus as well as the variable relationships between the sinus and related neurovascular structures, for the safe removal of intrasphenoid and pituitary lesions. Materials and Methods: We undertook a prospective review of 300 paranasal sinus CT scans of Libyan patients; coronal CT scans were obtained by special parameter techniques. We assessed pneumatization of pterygoid process (PP, anterior clinoid process (ACP, and greater wing of sphenoid (GWS; we also examined protrusion and dehiscence of internal carotid artery (ICA, optic nerve (ON, maxillary nerve (MN, and vidian nerve (VN into the sphenoid sinus cavity. Results: Pneumatization of PP, ACP, and GWS were seen in 87 (29%, 46 (15.3%, and 60 patients (20%, respectively. Protrusion of ICA, ON, MN, and VN were noticed in 123 (41%, 107 (35.6%, 73 (24.3%, and 81 patients (27%, respectively; dehiscence of these structures was encountered in 90 (30%, 92 (30.6%, 39 (13%, and 111 patients (37%, respectively. Statistically, there was a highly significant association between ACP pneumatization and ICA protrusion, ACP pneumatization and ON protrusion, PP pneumatization and VN protrusion; and GWS pneumatization and MN protrusion (p-value < 0.001. Conclusion: The sphenoid sinus is highly variable; this variability necessitates a comprehensive understanding of the regional sphenoid sinus anatomy by a detailed CT scan sinus examination before surgery in and around the sinus. This study indicates the possibility of a racial anatomical variation of the sphenoid sinus in the Libyan population.

  14. Computed tomography evaluation of autogenous graft in sinus lift surgery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective was to quantify bone formation within autogenous bone grafts and autogenous bone grafts in combination with platelet-rich plasma obtained either from apheresis or centrifugation using computed tomography. This prospective, double-blind study was conducted in 34 male and female adult patients (mean age of 28 years and 8 months), with either unilateral or bilateral pneumatization of the maxillary sinuses, requiring bone graft for dental implant. All patients were submitted to computed tomography examinations prior and six months after sinus lift surgery. Fifty-three maxillary sinuses were operated and divided into three distinct groups: autogenous bone graft, autogenous bone graft in combination with platelet-rich plasma obtained by centrifugation, and autogenous bone graft in combination with platelet-rich plasma obtained by apheresis. The results showed that computed tomography demonstrated bone growth in height and width between the initial and the follow-up computed tomography scans in all three groups. However, no statistical difference was found either for bone height or width. It was concluded that clinical evidence demonstrates the effectiveness of autogenous bone grafts, particularly when used in combination with bone growth factors such as platelet-rich plasma, which allow prosthetic and functional restoration of maxillofacial structures through fixation of dental implants. (author)

  15. Concha bullosa: frequency and appearances on CT and correlations with sinus disease in 308 patients with chronic sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purposes of this study were to determine the prevalence of concha bullosa in patients with chronic sinusitis, to assess the origin of the pneumatisation (from the anterior or posterior ethmoid cells), and to evaluate the significance of the concha bullosa in the genesis of inflammatory sinus disease. We reviewed the CT studies of 308 patients with chronic sinusitis, assigning four grades of pneumatisation: absent, small, medium and large. Unilateral or bilateral concha bullosa was found in 164 patients (53%). In 79% of cases it was pneumatised via the posterior ethmoidal cells and in 21% via the anterior. A small concha bullosa was associated with abnormalities of the maxillary sinus, ethmoidal cells and ostiomeatal unit respectively in 49%, 28% and 34% of cases, whereas with a large concha bullosa the association was 55%, 36% and 41% respectively on the ipsilateral side and 55%, 32% and 41% on the contralateral side. The usually accepted hypothesis that the concha bullosa may contribute to the pathogenesis of inflammatory sinus disease seems doubtful. (orig.)

  16. Role of microrhinoscopic sinus surgery in chronic sinusitis: Initial results

    OpenAIRE

    Venkatachalam, V. P.

    2000-01-01

    Chronic sinusitis with/ without polyposis account for the majority of nasal pathology. The advent of Functional Sinus Surgery has led to a better understanding of the complex anatomy of the paranasal sinuses and the surrounding vital structures. The application of surgical principle and technique of Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery to another approach for regional pathology using operating microscope has enabled us to significantly refute this technique of treatment of sinus pathology name...

  17. PREVALENCE OF ALLERGIC FUNGAL SINUSITIS

    OpenAIRE

    Rajlaxmi

    2014-01-01

    Allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) is a disease of young immune competent adults. Nasal obstruction, nasal discharge, nasal allergy and proptosis were the most common presentations. Initial diagnosis of allergic fungal sinusitis requires high index of suspicion in patients presenting with chronic rhino sinusitis, such cases should be properly evaluated. Differentiation from invasive forms of fungal sinus disease is crucial

  18. Amalgam tattoo: a cause of sinusitis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luiz Santos Parizi

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Little attention has been paid to the toxicity of silver amalgam fillings, which have been used over the centuries in Dentistry. Amalgam particles may accidentally and/or traumatically be embedded into the submucosal tissue during placement of a restoration and perpetuate in such area. This article presents a case of amalgam tattoo and investigates whether it is related to the patient's repeated episodes of sinusitis. The patient was a 46-year-old woman with a 2 mm diameter radiopaque lesion in the right oral mucosa detected on a panoramic radiograph and presented as a black macula clinically. A complete surgical resection was carried out. The histopathological examination revealed deposits of dark-brownish pigments lining the submucosal tissue with adjacent lymphocytic inflammatory infiltrate and multinucleated giant cells phagocyting pigments. There was a negative staining for both iron and melanin. One year after lesion removal, the patient reported that the sinusitis crises had ceased after repeated episodes for years. It may be speculated that the inflammatory process related to amalgam tattoo seems to lead to a local immune response that causes sinusitis because it enhances the human leukocyte antigen DR (HLA-DR tissue expression.

  19. Amalgam tattoo: a cause of sinusitis?

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José Luiz Santos, Parizi; Gisele Alborghetti, Nai.

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Little attention has been paid to the toxicity of silver amalgam fillings, which have been used over the centuries in Dentistry. Amalgam particles may accidentally and/or traumatically be embedded into the submucosal tissue during placement of a restoration and perpetuate in such area. This article [...] presents a case of amalgam tattoo and investigates whether it is related to the patient's repeated episodes of sinusitis. The patient was a 46-year-old woman with a 2 mm diameter radiopaque lesion in the right oral mucosa detected on a panoramic radiograph and presented as a black macula clinically. A complete surgical resection was carried out. The histopathological examination revealed deposits of dark-brownish pigments lining the submucosal tissue with adjacent lymphocytic inflammatory infiltrate and multinucleated giant cells phagocyting pigments. There was a negative staining for both iron and melanin. One year after lesion removal, the patient reported that the sinusitis crises had ceased after repeated episodes for years. It may be speculated that the inflammatory process related to amalgam tattoo seems to lead to a local immune response that causes sinusitis because it enhances the human leukocyte antigen DR (HLA-DR) tissue expression.

  20. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... tomography, more commonly known as a CT or CAT scan, is a diagnostic medical test that, like ... us your feedback You are providing feedback about: CAT Scan (CT) - Sinuses Did you find the information ...

  1. Complications of Sinus Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... further intracranial surgeries. Impaired sense of taste or smell : The sense of smell usually improves after the procedure because airflow is ... in their voice after sinus surgery. Impairment of smell or taste: (see above) Infection: The most common ...

  2. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

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    Full Text Available ... Treatment Images related to Computed Tomography (CT) - Sinuses About this Site RadiologyInfo.org is produced by: Send ... on the web pages found at these links. About Us | Contact Us | FAQ | Privacy | Terms of Use | ...

  3. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... help diagnose sinusitis . top of page How should I prepare? You should wear comfortable, loose-fitting clothing ... within 10 minutes. top of page What will I experience during and after the procedure? CT exams ...

  4. Sinus biofilms in patients with cystic fibrosis : is adjusted eradication therapy needed?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aanaes, Kasper; Eickhardt, Steffen

    2015-01-01

    The paranasal sinuses can be a focus for colonisation of the cystic fibrosis (CF) lungs with pathogens. In the sinuses, bacteria can adapt to the lung environment and enhance their antibiotic resistance, with biofilm formation thought to be the most important adaptive mechanism, causing recalcitrant disease. The presence of biofilms in CF sinuses is sparsely described. In this descriptive cross-sectional study, the sinus mucosa from 16 CF patients were analysed by fluorescence in situ hybridization using specific peptide nucleic acid (PNA-FISH) probes for Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus to demonstrate the presence of biofilms. Small clusters of biofilm were visualised lining the sinus mucosa of CF patients. Biofilms were found in 10 out of 18 cases; 7 with intermittent lung colonisation, 2 chronically infected, and one lung transplanted patient. Finding P. aeruginosa biofilms in intermittently lung-colonised patients encourage us to intensify the attempt to eradicate pathogenic bacteria from the CF sinuses in an early stage using combined antibiotic therapy in the prolonged exposure of the sinus-mucosal surface.

  5. Sinus biofilms in patients with cystic fibrosis: is adjusted eradication therapy needed?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aanaes, Kasper; Eickhardt, Steffen

    2015-01-01

    The paranasal sinuses can be a focus for colonisation of the cystic fibrosis (CF) lungs with pathogens. In the sinuses, bacteria can adapt to the lung environment and enhance their antibiotic resistance, with biofilm formation thought to be the most important adaptive mechanism, causing recalcitrant disease. The presence of biofilms in CF sinuses is sparsely described. In this descriptive cross-sectional study, the sinus mucosa from 16 CF patients were analysed by fluorescence in situ hybridization using specific peptide nucleic acid (PNA-FISH) probes for Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus to demonstrate the presence of biofilms. Small clusters of biofilm were visualised lining the sinus mucosa of CF patients. Biofilms were found in 10 out of 18 cases; 7 with intermittent lung colonisation, 2 chronically infected, and one lung transplanted patient. Finding P. aeruginosa biofilms in intermittently lung-colonised patients encourage us to intensify the attempt to eradicate pathogenic bacteria from the CF sinuses in an early stage using combined antibiotic therapy in the prolonged exposure of the sinus-mucosal surface.

  6. CT diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To assess CT findings and their clinical value in the diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinus. Materials and methods: Pre-treatment CT findings in 17 histologically proven cases of ACC of the nasal and paranasal sinus were reviewed. 3 cases had plain CT, 2 cases both pre- and post-contrast enhanced CT, and 12 cases contrast enhanced CT. There were 18 axial and 16 coronal scans. Results: Tumors originated from and localized in the nasal cavity in 2 cases. In 15 cases, tumors were located in maxillary sinus and invaded adjacent organs or/and structures, including ipsilateral ethmoid sinus, sphenoid sinus and nasal cavity, contralateral maxillary sinus, orbit, palate, infratemporal fossa, pterygopalatine fossa, parapharyngeal space, inferior orbital fissure and foramen oval. In 7 cases, lesions invaded intracranial structures as well as the cavernous sinus. Altogether there were 2 cases of stage I, 3 cases stage III, and 12 cases stage IV. Adjacent bony changes were found in 16 cases, with bony remodeling (4 cases) and bony erosion combined with expansion (12) (71%). The diameter of the mass was larger than 5 cm in 71% of the cases. In 41% of the cases, tumors were irregular in shape, mottled pattern of lucencies within the tumor was shown in 82% of cases. Scattered calcification could be identified in 3 cases. Conclusion: Most of ACC of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinus had mottle pattern of lucencies within the tumor, irregular in shape, adjacent bony remodeling and/or erosive destruction. These findings indicate the histologic and biologic characteristics of the tumor with slow growing and perineural invasion. Apart from axial scan, coronal scan and contrast administration are mandated for the diagnosis and staging ACC

  7. Posttreatment Imaging of the Paranasal Sinuses Following Endoscopic Sinus Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginat, Daniel Thomas

    2015-11-01

    Endoscopic sinus surgery is a minimally invasive option for the treatment of several nonneoplastic indications, particularly for medically refractory sinusitis and polyposis. Numerous interventions can be performed through endoscopic sinus surgery, many of which may be performed together during the same procedure. There are also a variety of complications that can result from endoscopic sinus surgery. Radiological imaging plays an important role in the evaluation of patients after endoscopic sinus surgery. Thus, it is important to be familiar with the expected and complicated imaging findings associated with endoscopic sinus surgery, which are reviewed in this article. PMID:26476384

  8. Automated contralateral subtraction of dental panoramic radiographs for detecting abnormalities in paranasal sinus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hara, Takeshi; Mori, Shintaro; Kaneda, Takashi; Hayashi, Tatsuro; Katsumata, Akitoshi; Fujita, Hiroshi

    2011-03-01

    Inflammation in the paranasal sinus is often observed in seasonal allergic rhinitis or with colds, but is also an indication for odontogenic tumors, carcinoma of the maxillary sinus or a maxillary cyst. The detection of those findings in dental panoramic radiographs is not difficult for radiologists, but general dentists may miss the findings since they focus on treatments of teeth. The purpose of this work is to develop a contralateral subtraction method for detecting the odontogenic sinusitis region on dental panoramic radiographs. We developed a contralateral subtraction technique in paranasal sinus region, consisting of 1) image filtering of the smoothing and sobel operation for noise reduction and edge extraction, 2) image registration of mirrored image by using mutual information, and 3) image display method of subtracted pixel data. We employed 56 cases (24 normal and 32 abnormal). The abnormal regions and the normal cases were verified by a board-certified radiologist using CT scans. Observer studies with and without subtraction images were performed for 9 readers. The true-positive rate at a 50% confidence level in 7 out of 9 readers was improved, but there was no statistical significance in the difference of area-under-curve (AUC) in each radiologist. In conclusion, the contralateral subtraction images of dental panoramic radiographs may improve the detection rate of abnormal regions in paranasal sinus.

  9. Cancer of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. A clinico-pathological study of 277 patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harbo, G; Grau, Cai; Bundgaard, T; Overgaard, M; Elbrønd, O; Søgaard, H; Overgaard, Jens

    1997-01-01

    In the period 1963-1991, a total of 277 consecutive patients with malignant tumours of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses were treated at Aarhus University Hospital. The major histological types included squamous cell carcinoma (46%), lymphoma (14%), adenocarcinoma (13%), and malignant melanoma......-year corrected survival): histological differentiation (moderate-well 65% vs. poor 22%), primary T-site (nasal cavity 56% vs. maxillary antrum 39% vs. other sinuses 24%), tumour stage (T2 68% vs. T3 37% vs. T4 29%), nodal stage (N0 48% vs. N1-3 21%), treatment (radiotherapy + surgery 56% vs. radiation...

  10. Radiologic evaluation of the maxillary natural pathologic conditions in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors evaluated the distribution of the antral pathologic conditions and their radiographic features on the Waters' radiographs of 151 children patients who had been radiographed at the department of Oral Radiology, Seoul National University Hospitals. The obtained results were as follows : 1. The most common pathologic condition was inflammatory change (58%). Percentage of cases showing cystic lesion and fibro-osseous lesion were 25% and 11% respectively. 2. In cases of inflammatory change, odontogenic origins were 12 cases (13%) and bilateral occurrences were 37 cases (39%). 3. The most common radiographic feature of the inflammatory conditions was various types of mucosal thickening (78%). Percentage of cases showing totally increased radiopacity was 18%. 4. Intrinsic cystic lesions were 26 cases (65%) and dentigerous cyst was the most common extrinsic cyst. 5. Most of the fibro-osseous lesions (15 from 17 cases) were fobrous dysplasea. 6. Maxillary sinus hypoplasia (5 cases) and Burkitt's lymphoma (4 cases) were also observed.

  11. CT and MRI diagnosis of osteosarcoma in paranasal sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study the CT and MRI findings of osteosarcoma in paranasal sinus and evaluate their clinical value. Methods: All 9 eases of osteosarcoma were verified by histopathology. Imaging data were analyzed retrospectively. Results: The lesion occurred in maxillary sinus in 5 eases, in ethmoid sinus in 3 cases and in sphenoid sinus in one ease. Primary osteosarcoma was found in 7 cases. Secondary osteosarcoma occurred from fibrous dysplasia and ossifying fibroma each in one case. On CT, the involved areas revealed bony destruction associated with ill-defined and irregular soft tissue mass. The lesion showed heterogeneous density with minimal or massive tumor' bone formation, cloud-like in 3 cases, ivory-like in 2 cases, spicule-like in 2 cases, cloud- and spicule -like in one case and spicule- and ivory-like in one case. Postcontrast CT showed mild to moderate inhomogeneous enhancement in 3 cases. On MR T1WI, the lesions showed hypointensity compared to brain in 5 cases and iso-intensity in 2 cases. On T2WI, the lesions showed heterogeneous hyperintensity in 4 cases and isointensity in 3 cases with marked hypointense foci which corresponded to tumor bone on CT. Postcontrast MR imaging demonstrated moderate to marked inhomogeneous enhancement in these cases. MRI showed accurately the extent and associated changes of the lesions. The lesions invaded the orbit, pterygopalatine and infratemporal fossae, skull base and extensive craniofacial structures in 5,4,3 cases and 1 case,respectively. Conclusion: CT is the optimal modality in showing tumor bone of osteosarcoma in paranasal sinus. MRI can demonstrate optimally the invading extent of the lesions. Combined imaging modalities can provide more comprehensive information for diagnosis and therapy of osteosarcoma in paranasal sinus. (authors)

  12. Prevalence of incidental findings in paranasal sinus in brain and orbital CT scans in pediatric patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano Ferreira da Silva

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In emergency services a significant amount of pediatric patients undergoa brain or orbit CT scans for suspicion other than sinusitis. Assuming thispremise, this study was held to show the incidental findings of the paranasalsinuses of children with nonspecific symptoms such as fever, headache andvomiting that underwent brain or orbits CT scans, without the initial suspicion of sinusitis. In a retrospective study, we evaluated 70 CT scans of the brainand orbits of children between 0 and 12 years. The incidental findings of theparanasal sinuses occurred in 32 cases (45.7%. Mucosal thickening was themost common incidental finding, being observed in 35% of patients, followed bycomplete opacification observed in 28% of cases and incomplete opacificationobserved in 28% of patients. Bilateral involvement occurred in 78% patients.The sinuses most frequently affected were the maxillary sinus followed byethmoid sinuses. The abnormalities were more severe in children under theage of three years. The prevalence of incidental tomographic abnormalities inpatients without an initial diagnosis of sinusitis is high. The predominance ofthese findings are mild abnormalities.

  13. Incidental paranasal sinuses abnormalities in pediatric patients using computed tomography of the head and orbits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the prevalence and appearance of incidental paranasal sinuses abnormalities in children with no clinical evidence of rhino sinusitis using CT scans. Materials and methods: CT scans of the head or orbits of children between 0 and 18 years of age performed due to problems not related to rhino sinusitis were studied. Results: Sixty-four children were included (mean age 5.7 years; standard deviation = 3.9). Incidental sinuses abnormalities were found in 46 cases (72%). In most cases the abnormalities were mild (25/46) and mucosal thickening was the most common finding. Complete opacification and fluid levels occurred in 12 children. More than one cavity was affected in 33 patients and abnormalities were most frequently seen in maxillary sinuses, followed by ethmoid sinuses. Bilateral and symmetric findings were common. The prevalence and intensity of abnormalities were higher in children below three years of age. Conclusion: Incidental abnormalities are highly prevalent and tend to be mild in children without symptoms of rhino sinusitis. The most prevalent abnormality was mucosal thickening. Moderate and severe abnormalities occur in children below three years of age. (author)

  14. Antrochoanal polyp: clinical presentation and retrospective comparison of endoscopic sinus surgery and endoscopic sinus surgery plus mini-Caldwell surgical procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelles, Mehmet; Toplu, Yuksel; Yildirim, Ilhami; Okur, Erdogan

    2014-09-01

    Antrochoanal polyp is a benign polypoid lesion orginating from the maxillary sinus antrum and extending to the choana. Our aim was to assess the clinical presentation and associated rhinological findings of antrochoanal polyp patients and to evaluate results of 2 surgical treatments termed endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) and ESS plus mini-Caldwell operation. The study included 46 patients. Factors such as patient age, sex, history of chronic sinusitis, allergic rhinitis, septal deviations, chonca bullosa, turbinate hypertrophy, and the origin of the polyp were assessed. We also evaluated ESS and ESS plus mini-Caldwell surgical procedures for recurrences, synechia, bleeding, and ostium stenosis. Overall, there were 27 men and 19 women. The ESS approach was used in 26 cases, and 20 cases had combined ESS and mini-Caldwell procedures. The statistical significant difference between the 2 groups was only recurrence (P 0.05). We thought that lower rate of recurrence found in ESS + Caldwell group in this study was associated with better visualization of the maxillary sinus walls and, therefore, easier resection of the remnant polyp. We concluded that higher incidences of bleeding and synechia were related to the mucosal damage occurring in the septum and the inferior concha due to excessive manipulation of endoscope and surgical instruments. PMID:25098571

  15. Stress distribution in maxillary alveolar ridge according to finite element analysis using micro-CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of the present study was to evaluate stress distribution by finite element analysis in an accurate model simulating trabecular bone using micro-CT. Dentulous and edentulous maxillary jaws of Japanese adult cadavers were used (5 sides each; total, 10 sides). Imaging was performed using a micro-CT, followed by reconstruction with 3-D images. Finite element analysis models were developed using the maxilla with average bone morphometry. A load corresponding to occlusal force was applied in different loading conditions, followed by evaluation of stress distribution. In dentulous maxillas, a load was applied in the dental axis direction to the first molar crown (LD). In edentulous maxillas, a load was applied directly to a circular area 4 mm in diameter (LER0) to a cylinder 4 mm in diameter and 10 mm in height (LER10) corresponding to the first molar area. Stress was concentrated in cortical bone around the first molar, trabecular bone and cortical bone at the maxillary sinus base in LD, cortical bone of the alveolar ridge in LER0, and trabecular bone around the cylinder and cortical bone at the maxillary sinus base in LER10. LER0 showed a stress distribution markedly different from that in LD. Compared with LER0, LER10 showed a stress distribution close to that in LD. A model simulating trabecular bone allows a more accurate evaluation of stress distribution. (author)

  16. Segmentation of Sinus Images for Grading of Severity of Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iznita Izhar, Lila; Sagayan Asirvadam, Vijanth; Lee, San Nien

    Sinusitis is commonly diagnosed with techniques such as endoscopy, ultrasound, X-ray, Computed Tomography (CT) scan and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Out of these techniques, imaging techniques are less invasive while being able to show blockage of sinus cavities. This project attempts to develop a computerize system by developing algorithm for the segmentation of sinus images for the detection of sinusitis. The sinus images were firstly undergo noise removal process by median filtering followed by Contrast Limited Adapted Histogram Equalisation (CLAHE) for image enhancement. Multilevel thresholding algorithm were then applied to segment the enhanced images into meaningful regions for the detection and diagnosis of severity of sinusitis. The multilevel thresholding algorithms based on Otsu method were able to extract three distinct and important features namely bone region, hollow and mucous areas from the images. Simulations were performed on images of healthy sinuses and sinuses with sinusitis. The developed algorithms are found to be able to differentiate and evaluate healthy sinuses and sinuses with sinusitis effectively.

  17. FastStats: Sinus Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Submit What's this? Submit Button NCHS Home Chronic Sinusitis Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Data are ... the U.S. Morbidity Number of adults with diagnosed sinusitis: 28.5 million Percent of adults with diagnosed ...

  18. Sinus floor elevation surgery for enabling dental implant placement : approaches to reduce morbidity

    OpenAIRE

    Rickert, Daniela,

    2012-01-01

    Na het verliezen van tanden en kiezen in de bovenkaak, slinkt de kaakwal en zakt de neusbijholte (sinus maxillaris) vaak uit. Daarom moet vaak een bottransplantaat worden aangebracht, voordat een implantaat kan worden geplaatst. Botopbouw in de vorm van een sinusbodemelevatie biedt veelal uitkomst om voldoende botvolume te creëren. Daniela Rickert beschrijft in haar proefschrift verschillende behandelmethodes voor deze procedure met als doel het ziektecijfer van de ingreep zo laag- en de gene...

  19. Reimplantation of cultivated human bone cells from the posterior maxilla for sinus floor augmentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermund, Niels Ulrich; Stavropoulos, Andreas; Donatsky, Ole; Nielsen, Henrik; Clausen, Christian; Reibel, Jesper; Pakkenberg, Bente; Holmstrup, Palle

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present randomized clinical study was to evaluate histologically whether the addition of cultivated, autogenous bone cells to a composite graft of deproteinized bovine bone mineral (DBBM) and autogenous bone (AB) for sinus floor augmentation (SFA) enhance bone formation compared with what achieved after SFA with DBBM + AB alone. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty patients with remaining posterior maxillary alveolar crest height of less than 3 mm received SFA after randomizat...

  20. Use of reconstructed CT images for evaluation of the position of screw-type temporary anchorage devices implanted in the maxillary molar region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Temporary anchorage devices (TAD) have recently been employed for orthodontic treatment. I attempted to find the safest position for placing the screw-type TAD in the maxillary molar region. Using reconstructed CT images, I investigated the buccolingual and mesiodistal lengths of the interalveolar septums between the maxillary first premolar, second premolar, first molar, and the second molar. For the first and second molars, I measured the distance from the alveolar crest to the maxillary sinus. The results indicated that the safest position for placing a screw-type TAD was the interalveolar septum between the maxillary first molar and the second premolar at about a depth of 4-6 mm from the alveolar crest on the buccal side, and at about a depth of 2-6 mm from the alveolar crest on the palatal side. (author)

  1. Dural sinus patency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports on the use of spin-echo MR imaging in the diagnosis of dural sinus thrombosis. The authors evaluated nine patients for dural sinus clot with additional MR flow-sensitive pulse sequence techniques. T1- and T2-weighted spin-echo pulse sequences were performed at 1.5 T. MR flow-sensitive pulse sequences included two-dimensional phase contrast MR angiography (TR 50, Te 14, 45 degrees flip angle), two-dimension projection reconstruction, and a phase-sensitive sequence called velocity imaging and gradient recalled echo (VIGRE) (TR24, Te 13 45 degrees)

  2. Coronary Sinus Lead Positioning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roka, Attila; Borgquist, Rasmus; Singh, Jagmeet

    2015-12-01

    Although cardiac resynchronization therapy improves morbidity and mortality in patients with cardiomyopathy, heart failure, and electrical dyssynchrony, the rate of nonresponders using standard indications and implant techniques is still high. Optimal coronary sinus lead positioning is important to increase the chance of successful resynchronization. Patient factors such as cause of heart failure, type of dyssynchrony, scar burden, coronary sinus anatomy, and phrenic nerve capture may affect the efficacy of the therapy. Several modalities are under investigation. Alternative left ventricular lead implantation strategies are occasionally required when the transvenous route is not feasible or would result in a suboptimal lead position. PMID:26596808

  3. Sinusitis. A review for generalists.

    OpenAIRE

    Reuler, J. B.; Lucas, L M; Kumar, K L

    1995-01-01

    A frequent complication of the common cold, sinusitis is one of the most prevalent problems seen in general medical and emergency department practices. In addition, nosocomial sinus infection, particularly in intensive care units, is being recognized more frequently. Decision making about managing patients with sinusitis is based primarily on the history and, to a lesser extent, the findings of the physical examination.

  4. Use of 4 immediately loaded zygomatic fixtures for retreatment of atrophic edentulous maxilla after complications of maxillary reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuabara, Marcos Rikio; Ferreira, Edilson José; Gulinelli, Jéssica Lemos; Panzarini, Sônia Regina

    2010-05-01

    This article reports the 20-month clinical outcome of the use of 4 zygomatic implants with immediate occlusal loading and reverse planning for the retreatment of atrophic edentulous maxilla after failed rehabilitation with autogenous bone graft reconstruction and maxillary implants. The intraoral clinical examination revealed mispositioned and loosened implants underneath a maxillary complete denture. The panoramic radiograph showed 6 maxillary implants. One implant was displaced into the right maxillary sinus, and the implant anchored in the region of tooth 21 was fractured. The other implants presented peri-implant bone loss. The implants anchored in the regions of teeth 21 to 23 and 11 to 13 were first removed. After 2 months, the reverse planning started with placement of 4 zygomatic fixtures, removal of the implants migrated into the sinus cavity and anchored in the region of tooth 17, and installation of a fixed denture. After 20 months of follow-up, no painful symptoms, peri-implant inflammation or infection, implant instability, or bone resorption was observed. The outcomes of this case confirm that the zygoma can offer a predictable anchorage and support function for a fixed denture in severely resorbed maxillae. PMID:20485054

  5. Recurring fibrous dysplasia of anthro maxillary with cranial base invasion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sousa, Kátia Maria Marabuco de

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Fibrous dysplasia is an osseous lesion with an unknown etiology. It is characterized by the osseous maturation insufficiency. It may affect any bone, but the affection of craniofacial bones is the most critical for otorhinolaryngology. Maxilla is the most affected facial bone and the orbitary invasion is an uncommon event. The symptoms are unspecific and for its low suspicion and uncommonness, the diagnosis is generally late. The monostotic form presents a slow growth and asymptomatic course and needs to be followed up. The polyostotic type has a progressive behavior and is associated to recurrence and complications. Objective: To present two cases of patients with fibrous dysplasia diagnosis and describe the clinical presentation, radiological findings and the treatment of this pathology. Cases Report: Two cases of fibrous dysplasia are reported, which initially presented unspecific symptomatology, but with characteristic radiologic signs. They were submitted to surgical treatment for resection of the lesions and evolved with frequent recurrences with extensive affection of the facial sinuses, one patient had cranial base invasion and frontal craniotomy was needed for tumoral excision. Final Comments: Fibrous dysplasia is an uncommon osteopathy. The tomography is the choice method for characterization of the tumoral expansion, and helps in the surgical planning. The surgical strategy is indicated for symptomatic lesions, functions alterations or anatomic disorders. This article describes two uncommon manifestations of recurrent fibrous dysplasia with an extensive affection of anthro maxillary, ethmoidal and sphenoid sinuses, in addition to orbitary and cranial base invasion.

  6. Fungus ball of the paranasal sinuses: Report of two cases and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bosi, Guilherme Rasia

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Fungal ball of the sinuses is a not invasive infection that if characterizes for its chronicity, being the majority related with previous endodontic treatment. Affect mainly the breasts to maxillary; even so all the breasts can be involved. The main etiological agent is the Aspergillus spp. The computed tomography, had to characteristic the radiological presentations, suggests the diagnosis that is carried through definitively through histopathological analyses. The treatment standard-gold is the sinus surgery with average meatal antrostomy. Objective: Reporting two cases of fungal ball of the sinuses and to stand out important aspects of this pathology. Story of the Cases: Case 1 Patient of the feminine sex, 78 years old, presented itself with complaints of face pain has 6 months and previous history of endodontic treatment. To the physical examination it was evidenced purulent secretion presence in left average meatus. Ray X presented complete veiling of the breasts to maxillary left, while the computed tomography showed injury calcified in this place. Sinusotomy was become fulfilled that evolved well. Case 2 Patient of the feminine sex, 70 years old, looked attendance for history of sinusitis of repetition. To the physical examination no particularity was not perceived. The computed tomography, as well as the magnetic resonance, detected thickening of the mucous wall of the breasts to maxillary left, beyond a calcified mass. It was become fulfilled same sequence of treatment and the patient also evolved well. Final Considerations: The fungal infection must be considered in the patients who if present with chronic sinusitis, that they do not answer to the antibiotic use and that they possess history of endodontic manipulation.

  7. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... images or pictures of the inside of the body. The cross-sectional images generated during a CT scan can be reformatted ... bear denotes child-specific content. Related Articles and Media Head and Neck Cancer Treatment Images related to Computed Tomography (CT) - Sinuses About this ...

  8. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... of data to create two-dimensional cross-sectional images of your body, which are then displayed on a monitor. CT ... bear denotes child-specific content. Related Articles and Media Head and Neck Cancer Treatment Images related to Computed Tomography (CT) - Sinuses About this ...

  9. Saline Sinus Rinse Recipe

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to accurately diagnose your condition and provide a treatment plan to help you feel better. Find out more information about rhinitis or seasonal allergic rhinitis (hay fever). Find out more information about sinusitis (rhinosinusitis). Utility navigation Donate Annual meeting Browse your ...