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Sample records for maxillary sinus mucosa

  1. Implants in maxillary sinus

    OpenAIRE

    Gandhi, Yazad R.; Singh, Mayank; Singh, Nimisha; Hariram,

    2012-01-01

    Augmentation of the floor of the maxillary sinus is an extremely important technique for posterior site development in the maxilla prior to implant placement. A number of techniques have been suggested and used in the past to deal with membrane perforations such as suturing the membrane, application of fibrin sealants oxidized regenerated cellulose and collagen membranes. The most important aspect of sinus grafting is the integrity of the sinus membrane solely to confine the graft. If membran...

  2. Implants in maxillary sinus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gandhi, Yazad R; Singh, Mayank; Singh, Nimisha; Hariram

    2012-07-01

    Augmentation of the floor of the maxillary sinus is an extremely important technique for posterior site development in the maxilla prior to implant placement. A number of techniques have been suggested and used in the past to deal with membrane perforations such as suturing the membrane, application of fibrin sealants oxidized regenerated cellulose and collagen membranes. The most important aspect of sinus grafting is the integrity of the sinus membrane solely to confine the graft. If membrane tears are not taken care of, graft material can extravasate into the antrum and block the ostium. The fast-resorbing membranes are not good enough to form bone as their integrity is lost before woven bone forms. The novel technique demonstrates the use of a slow-resorbing membrane not only for perforations, but even in circumstances where the sinus is devoid of a membrane, thus bypassing the waiting period for schnederian membrane regeneration prior to grafting. PMID:23833502

  3. Large pneumocele of the right maxillary sinus

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    Mena-Domínguez EA, Torres-Morientes LM, Tavárez-Rodríguez JJ, Bauer M, Martín-Pascual MC, Morais-Pérez D

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The pneumocele is a pathological expansion of paranasal sinus containing only air, which can move the nearby structures. Radiologically is a hiperneumatizacion and elongation of paranasal sinus, that can be associated with bone loss. Description: Patient with facial fullness and pains on right side, occasionally nasal blockage that worsen with pressure changes, at exploration presents protrusion of maxillary mucosa into the nostril. Discussion: Pneumoceles can occur in any paranasal sinus. Usually remain asymptomatic and they are not diagnosed until it takes place an external deformity or displacement of neighbouring structures to the sinus, causing symptoms. Conclusion: The maxillary sinus neumoceles are a rare differential diagnosis of mucocele, tumors and trigeminal neuralgia. Surgery is curative, preferring an endoscopic approach.

  4. Maxillary Sinus mucormycosis mimicking sinus malignancy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mucormycosis is an opportunistic fulminant fungal infection in diabetic and immunocompromised patients. The infection is acquired in the nose and paranasal sinuses by the inhalation of the fungal spores. We report of a case of maxillary sinus mucormycosis in a 32-years-old non diabetic woman. She had right side facial pain, headache, unilateral right side nasal obstruction, and post nasal discharge (PND) for five years. Nasal endoscopy revealed pus and granulation tissue, and semi-black middle turbinate in right side nasal cavity. Computed tomography showed bone erosion and a large soft tissue mass similar to sinus carcinoma in maxillary sinus with extension into the ethmoidal sinus. She underwent functional Endoscopic sinus surgery. Macroscopically, the specimen consisted of multiple tissue fragment 0.8-1 cm. Microscopic findings included an inflammatory cells and deposited fungal elements (mucormycosis). So in the paranasal sinus and nasal cavity mass, mucormycosis should be included in the differential diagnosis, especially in the non diabetic and young patients. (author)

  5. Maxillary sinus textiloma: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Pons Yoann; Schouman Thomas

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Introduction Textilomas have been reported in many locations. We report the first case of textiloma located in the maxillary sinus that mimicked a sinus cyst recurrence on computed tomography images. Case presentation A 60-year-old Caucasian man was referred for persistent infection of the right maxillary sinus. A maxillary sinus benign cyst had been removed three months before. Computed tomography showed a sinus opacity evoking a cyst recurrence. A new operation was planned to remov...

  6. MAXILLARY SINUS ANTROSTOMY PITFALLS

    OpenAIRE

    Balasubramanian Thiagarajan

    2012-01-01

    Endoscopic sinus surgery which is the commonly performed nasal surgery has its own problems if not performed properly. Success of maxillay sinus antrostomy depends on including the natural ostium to the antrostomy. For this to happen the natural ostium should be identified during the surgical procedure. Common cause of failure in endoscopic sinus surgery is the failure to address the uncinate process. In all cases it should be removed completely before proceeding further.

  7. MAXILLARY SINUS ANTROSTOMY PITFALLS

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    Balasubramanian Thiagarajan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Endoscopic sinus surgery which is the commonly performed nasal surgery has its own problems if not performed properly. Success of maxillay sinus antrostomy depends on including the natural ostium to the antrostomy. For this to happen the natural ostium should be identified during the surgical procedure. Common cause of failure in endoscopic sinus surgery is the failure to address the uncinate process. In all cases it should be removed completely before proceeding further.

  8. Mucocoele of the maxillary sinus

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    Peri? Aleksandar

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Mucocoele is histopathologically benign, cystic change of paranasal sinuses filled with mucoid contents, which with its growth is pressuring and destroying local bone walls. In only 3% of the cases it can be localized in maxillary sinuses. Etiology is unknown. Pyocoele develops by secondary infection. Case report. The male patient was 21 years old. His symptoms were runny nose with thick contents and heavy breathing on the right side of the nose, headaches, as well as the swelling of the right cheek. During clinical examination, the expansive change was found. It was completely closing the right side of the nose cavity. Computerized tomography (CT of paranasal cavities showed excessive expansion of the right maxillary sinus, with very thinned walls, while the cavity was filled with liquid. After antibiotics therapy, the radical operation of the right maxillary sinus was performed, based on Caldwell Luc method. The frontal wall was found to be extremely convex and thinned, while the medial wall was with dehiscention. The cystic change was extirpated. Mucocoele was proved by pathohistologic findings. Its wall was about 2 mm thick and it showed squamous metaplasia in the large part of the mucocoela epithel. In the submucosa fibrosis and inflammatory infiltrate was present. Postoperative follow-up was under control. Clinically and radiographycaly, six months after therapy, the patient does not have troubles. Conclusion. The rare localization of the mucocoeles in maxillary sinus can be explained with the width of the maxillary ostia. Infected mucocoeles, expanded to the local anatomical structures, should be operated on with classic radical surgical operation. .

  9. Horizontal maxillary sinus septa: An uncommon entity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gül?en, U?ur; Mehdiyev, ?lham; Üngör, Cem; ?entürk, Mehmet Fatih; Ula?an, Ali Direnç

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Maxillary sinus septas are barriers of cortical bone that arise from the floor or from the walls of sinus and may even divide the sinus into two or more cavities. Morphologically maxillary sinus septa are generally oriented in buccopalatinal orientation horizontal or sagittal orientation of the sinus septa is a rare condition. Presentation of Case This report presents two sinus lift case, in which observed septa in a horizontal orientation was presented. Both cases were fixed by an implant supported prosthethic restoration. Discussion Surgeons must know detailed knowledge about maxillary sinus anatomy for successful sinus augmentation. Computed tomography (CT) is useful for examining the maxillary sinus. Conclusion Horizontal-type sinus septa are rarely seen. Surgeons must be aware of septa types and orientations. PMID:26011804

  10. Perforeret sinus maxillaris efter fald mod nøddeknækker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rye Rasmussen, Eva; Arndal, Helge

    2011-01-01

    We present a case of open fracture of maxillary sinus following fall against a nutcracker. The only pathological findings were a small wound and subcutaneous emphysema in the front of and behind the right maxillary sinus. There was no flattening of the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus, consequently no surgical intervention was performed. The patient was treated with prophylactic antibiotics and sutures. No sequelae were observed.

  11. CT diagnosis of aspergillosis in maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate CT diagnostic value in maxillary sinus aspergillosis. Methods: 12 cases verified by surgery and pathology were collected, their imaging, clinical and pathological features were retrospectively analysed. Results: CT specific sign included: (1) Heterogeneous opacification in maxillary sinus. (2) Calcification not related with sinus wall. (3) Localized bone proliferation and destruction in sinus wall. (4) The unilateral l location. Conclusions: According to the specific CT appearances diagnosis can be established in 85% of patients. CT is the imaging modality of choice in aspergillosis of maxillary sinus by defining the location and extent of lesion

  12. A Case of Tuberculosis of Maxillary Sinus

    OpenAIRE

    Kakeri, Ashfak R.

    2008-01-01

    Tuberculosis of the maxillary sinus is rare. Although involvement of long bones and vertebral column is common, its quite uncommon in flat bones. We describe here a case of tuberculosis of the maxillary sinus, and discuss the clinical features and its management.

  13. Ectopic located tooth which obstrcuted the maxillary sinus ostium

    OpenAIRE

    Atalay Erdogan, Banu; Paksoy, Mustafa; Sanli, Arif; Altin, Gokhan; Bekmez, Eda

    2012-01-01

    A giant mucocele secondary to obstruction of the maxillary sinus ostium with an ectopic tooth. Mucocele secondary to ectopic maxillary tooth is very rare. We present a case of giant mucocele which is caused by obstruction of the maxillary sinus ostium with an ectopic tooth. The patient presented with headache and facial asymmetry. CT of the paranasal sinuses revealed an ectopic maxillary tooth, obstructing the maxillary sinus ostium and a mucocele of the maxillary sinus that erodes bony w...

  14. Orthopantomographic study of the maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author has observed the orthopantomograms of the maxillary sinus which were taken by special exposure method to study mesiodistal dimension, shape, symmetrical relationship, bony septum of the maxillary sinus and relationship between upper lst molar and the maxillary sinus, that were selected 56 cases of 23 to 27 years old male, who have good systemic conditions and no missing teeth on upper posterior molar in normal occlusion, and obtained following conclusions: 1. Mesiodistal dimensions of the maxillary sinus are shown as follows; The mean of left dimension is 50.94 ± 8.34 mm and of right dimension is 49.50 ± 9.87 mm. 2. To the shape of the maxillary sinus, V or U shape are 33 cases(29.5%) and W shape are 77 cases (70.5%). 3. In the ralationship between upper lst molar and floor of the maxllary sinus, superimposition are 62 cases (55.36%) a nd approach are 50 cases (44.64%). 4. In the right and left symmetrical relationship of the maxillary sinus, symmetry are 37 cases (66.07%) and asymmetry are 19 cases (33.93%). 5. The bony septums in the maxillary sinuses revealed that presence of bony septums are 29 cases (25.8%) and absence ar e 83 cases (74.11%).

  15. Treatment outcome of maxillary sinus cancer

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    Jin-Hyoung Kang

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The standard treatment in the early stage of maxillary sinus cancer is surgical resection followed by postoperative radiation therapy. However, for locally advanced maxillary sinus cancer, a multimodality treatment approach is strongly recommended to improve the survival rate and quality of life of the patient. We determined the treatment outcomes of induction chemotherapy, concurrent chemoradiation therapy, and surgical resection for locally advanced maxillary sinus cancer. Forty-four patients with locally advanced maxillary sinus cancer, who had been treated between January 1990 and April 2008 at Kangnam St. Mary's Hospital, were retrospectively analyzed. The objective response rates were 70%, 53%, and 57% in the intra-arterial induction chemotherapy, intravenous induction chemotherapy, and concurrent chemoradiation therapy groups, respectively. The orbital preservation rates were 83%, 100%, and 75% in the intra-arterial induction chemotherapy, intravenous induction chemotherapy, and surgical resection groups, respectively. In seven of nine patients in whom the orbit could be preserved after induction chemotherapy, the primary tumors were removed completely. However, although the orbits were preserved in three patients who underwent surgical resection as a primary treatment, all three cases were confirmed to be incomplete resections. We found that active induction chemotherapy for locally advanced cancer of the maxillary sinus increased the possibility of complete resection with orbital preservation as well as tumor down-staging.

  16. Gallium-67 scanning in the differentiation of maxillary sinus carcinoma from chronic maxillary sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gallium-67 scans of 25 patients in whom the clinical symptoms and radiographic findings were suggestive of either maxillary sinus carcinoma or chronic sinusitis proved to be valuable in the differentiation between the two disease processes. Those patients with carcinoma had positive scans, while those with chronic sinusitis had either negative or only weakly positive scans

  17. A case report of mucoid retention cyst in maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author have observed mucoid retention cyst in the right maxillary sinus of the patient, 41 year old woman, complained discharging of purulent exudate on the right maxillary molar area, and obtained the following conclusions; 1. The mucoid retention cyst in maxillary sinus casts a faint dome shaped shadow into the radiolucent image of maxillary sinus. 2. The mucoid retention cyst in maxillary sinus may occurred without the history of trauma. 3. Intraoral standard films are also valuable for the interpretation of the lesions in maxillary sinus but only extraoral roentgenograms.

  18. Endoscopic middle meatal antrostomy in treatment of maxillary sinus mucoceles

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    Peri? Aleksandar

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Mucocele of a paranasal sinus is a benign non-neoplastic condition characterized by cystic expansion and distension of the sinus cavity by retained mucoid secretions. Etiology is unknown. The purpose of this study was to estimate the efficiency of the endoscopic middle meatal antrostomy (MMA as a treatment modality in patients with maxillary sinus mucoceles. Methods. This retrospective study involved 11 patients with maxillary sinus mucoceles/pyoceles treated endoscopically in the Clinic for Otorhinolaryngology of Military Medical Academy, Belgrade over a 3-year period (2005-2007. The presented symptoms and signs, radiological and pathohistological findings and surgical treatment were reviewed. Results. There were four females and seven males, age 22 to 65 years (mean 33 years. Two patients were with allergic rhinitis. All the patients complained of nasal obstruction, ten had facial pain, seven had nasal discharge, five had cheek pressure, and four had epiphora, and four had headaches. On endoscopic nasal examination, the medial wall of the maxillary sinus was bulging in ten patients. Purulent drainage was seen in eight patients, septal deviation in ten, and polyps were found in two of the patients. The MMA and marsupialization of the mucocele were performed in all the patients. On histopathological examination, the mucocele wall showed a lining composed of respiratory epithelium. Postoperative follow-up ranged between 8 and 44 months (in six patients, it ranged from 24 to 44 months. No patients required revision surgery. Conclusion. The MMA with mucocele marsupialization abolishes middle meatal obstruction and establishes better drainage and ventilation of the maxillary sinus and restitution of its mucosa.

  19. Volumetric measurement of the maxillary sinus by coronal CT scan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The volume of the maxillary sinus was estimated by coronal CT scan. The purpose of this study was to compare the estimated volume of the normal maxillary sinus with that of the inflamed maxillary sinus. Patients were classified following evaluation by CT scan of the paranasal sinuses into 3 categories. Group A (n=12): Patients suffered from headache, facial pain and epistaxis, but CT scans of their nasal cavity and paranasal sinus were within normal limits without inflammatory change. Group B (n=69): Patients with bilateral chronic maxillary sinusitis, CT scans of whom showed inflammatory changes in both maxillary sinuses. All of the patients in this group underwent sinus surgery after coronal CT scans. Group C (n=14): Patients with unilateral chronic maxillary sinusitis, CT scans of whom showed inflammatory change in unilateral maxillary sinuses. CT scans of these patients were measured by Plannimeter to take the area of each image of the maxillary sinus. Consecutively imaged areas were summated by integral calculus to obtain an estimate of the sinus volume. The mean maxillary sinus volume in the affected sinuses was significantly smaller than those in the contralateral normal sinuses (p<0.05, Wilcoxon-test). The various volumes of the maxillary sinuses and the developmental cause were discussed. Comparison of groups A with B suggested three distinct patterns; the maxillary sinus volume has decreased due to inflammatory changes in the bone. The small sinuses have a tes in the bone. The small sinuses have a tendency to develop chronic inflammatory change. The aeration in the maxillary sinus may be decreased when anatomic variations that may obstruct the ethmoid infundibulum exist. (K.H.)

  20. Volumetric measurement of the maxillary sinus by coronal CT scan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ikeda, Atsuko [Tokyo Medical and Dental Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine

    1996-08-01

    The volume of the maxillary sinus was estimated by coronal CT scan. The purpose of this study was to compare the estimated volume of the normal maxillary sinus with that of the inflamed maxillary sinus. Patients were classified following evaluation by CT scan of the paranasal sinuses into 3 categories. Group A (n=12): Patients suffered from headache, facial pain and epistaxis, but CT scans of their nasal cavity and paranasal sinus were within normal limits without inflammatory change. Group B (n=69): Patients with bilateral chronic maxillary sinusitis, CT scans of whom showed inflammatory changes in both maxillary sinuses. All of the patients in this group underwent sinus surgery after coronal CT scans. Group C (n=14): Patients with unilateral chronic maxillary sinusitis, CT scans of whom showed inflammatory change in unilateral maxillary sinuses. CT scans of these patients were measured by Plannimeter to take the area of each image of the maxillary sinus. Consecutively imaged areas were summated by integral calculus to obtain an estimate of the sinus volume. The mean maxillary sinus volume in the affected sinuses was significantly smaller than those in the contralateral normal sinuses (p<0.05, Wilcoxon-test). The various volumes of the maxillary sinuses and the developmental cause were discussed. Comparison of groups A with B suggested three distinct patterns; the maxillary sinus volume has decreased due to inflammatory changes in the bone. The small sinuses have a tendency to develop chronic inflammatory change. The aeration in the maxillary sinus may be decreased when anatomic variations that may obstruct the ethmoid infundibulum exist. (K.H.)

  1. High-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma of maxillary sinus

    OpenAIRE

    Daryani, Deepak; Gopakumar, R; Nagaraja, A

    2012-01-01

    Malignant tumors of the paranasal sinus are uncommon, constituting less than 1% of all malignancies and 3% of all head and neck cancers. Nonsquamous cancers of the maxillary sinus are even rarer as is evident from the limited data available on the clinical characteristics and outcomes. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma accounts for 13% of all malignancies occurring in maxillary sinus. We report a rare case of high-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma of maxillary sinus in a 45-year-old female along with rev...

  2. [Ameloblastoma of the maxillary sinus--a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    ?apienis, Magdalena; Kaczmarczyk, Dariusz; Zimmer-Nowicka, Joanna; Nied?wiecka, Izabela; Jesionek-Kupnicka, Dorota; Morawiec-Bajda, Alina

    2008-01-01

    Ameloblastoma (adamantinoma) is a benign neoplasm deriving from the enamel organ. Its etiology has not been ultimately determined. It constitutes about 1% of all head and neck tumours, and about 11% of teeth-originating tumours. Usually it occurs in the mandible near premolar and molar teeth, more rarely in its anterior part. About 20% of described cases of ameloblastoma relate to the jaw, its very rare location is gingiva or cheak tunica mucosa. The essay presents a case of ameloblastoma of a maxillary sinus in a 65-year-old man. The diagnostic and treatment algorithm in ameloblastoma is discussed. PMID:19205533

  3. A case report of antrolith in the maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The antrolith is a rare disease in the maxillary sinus. We experienced a 67-year-old female whose chief complaint was an intermittent dull pain of clinical, radiological and histological findings, we diagnosed it as antrolith in the left maxillary sinus and obtained results as follows: 1. Three radiopaque substances in the left maxillary sinus were revealed as 'Antroliths'. 2. These antroliths were movable in the left maxillary antrum and combined with maxillary sinusitis. 3. We supposed it internal origin of nidus in this case.

  4. Mucosal cavernous hemangioma of the maxillary sinus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutta, Mainak; Kundu, Sohag; Barik, Sabyasachi; Banerjee, Shoham; Mukhopadhyay, Subrata

    2015-02-01

    Mucosal cavernous hemangiomas of maxillary sinus and the lateral nasal wall are seldom encountered and difficult to diagnose with misleading radiologic features like bone erosion and heterogeneity due to patchy contrast uptake. The overall picture mimicking sinonasal malignancy, it is unclear whether there is true breach in the bone or remodeling due to the lesion's chronicity. Interestingly, it often does not bleed as expected during surgery, questioning the use of therapeutic embolization and pre-intervention vascular shrinkage. The clinical presentation and management protocol of sinonasal cavernous hemangiomas seem greatly individualized. We here present a patient with cavernous hemangioma of maxillary sinus and discuss the distinguishing clinical, histologic and imaging characteristics and subsequent management options, and attempt to establish the findings as the basis of considering it as an important differential diagnosis of radiologically heterogeneous sinonasal mass with suspected bone erosions presenting with nasal obstruction and epistaxis, mostly in young women. PMID:25644804

  5. SMALL CELL UNDIFFERENTIATED (NEUROENDOCRINE TUMOR – MAXILLARY SINUS .

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    Bharath

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Small cell undifferentiated (neuroendocrine carci nomas in head and neck region is extremely uncommon neoplasm. Thes e belong to the group of other blue cell tumors. CASE REPORT: An 11 year’s girl presented with swelling in right cheek since 3 months, watering of right eyesince2 months & bleeding since 1 month. Examination revealed soft to firm mass in inferior meatus and was bleeding on touch . CT scan showed heterogeneous density in maxillary antrum. Biopsy was done. Histopathologicall y, diagnosis of Small cell carcinoma- undifferentiated (neuroendocrine type of maxillary sinus was made. CONCLUSION: These neoplasms of the nasal and paranasal sinuses are loca lly aggressive and have propensity for multiple local recurrences, and thus, early diagnosi s and local control may be important for improved prognosis.

  6. Surgical removal of dental implants displaced into the maxillary sinus

    OpenAIRE

    Chrcanovic Ramos Bruno; Custódio Neto Luís Antônio

    2009-01-01

    The accidental displacement of roots, endodontic materials and dental implants into the maxillary sinus are relatively common complications in dental clinical practice. The purpose of this study is to present four cases of displaced dental implant into maxillary sinus, their treatment as well as the prevention of this condition. There are three different major approaches to remove materials displaced into the maxillary sinus: suction from the socket of an extracted tooth, the classical open s...

  7. Radiological diagnosis of maxillary sinus aspergillosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aspergillosis of the maxillary sinuses shows an increasing incidence in even otherwise healthy patients. Next to inhalation as the mode of infection, a dental root canal filling with an orosinusal fistula can be the cause. As most infections remain initially undetected or underestimated as common sinusitis, early diagnosis must be achieved. Standard X-ray of the paranasal sinuses, conventional tomography as well as CT scans are of major importance. Centrally located hyperdense opacifications are a good criterion and can be best seen in CT. Even when the case has not progressed too much, radical surgery combined with Amphotericin B therapy is still the treatment of choice since the infection may progress rapidly. (orig.)

  8. Paecilomyces lilacinus as the cause of chronic maxillary sinusitis.

    OpenAIRE

    Rockhill, R C; Klein, M D

    1980-01-01

    Paecilomyces lilacinus was isolated on two separate occasions from the left antrum of a patient with chronic maxillary sinusitis. The clinical presentation and characteristics of the fungus and the sinus debris histopathology are discussed.

  9. Frequency of the odontogenic maxillary sinusitis extended to the anterior ethmoid sinus and response to surgical treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Crovetto-Martínez, Rafael; Martin-Arregui, Francisco J.; Zabala-López-de-Maturana, Aitor; Tudela-Cabello, Kiara; Crovetto-de la Torre, Miguel A.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: Odontogenic sinusitis usually affects the maxillary sinus but may extend to the anterior ethmoid sinuses. The purpose of this study is to determine the percentage of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis extended to the anterior ethmoid sinuses and determine also the surgical resolution differences between odontogenic maxillary sinusitis and odontogenic maxillary associated to anterior ethmoidal sinusitis. Study Design: This is a retrospective cohort study performed on 55 patients d...

  10. Cholesterol granuloma of the maxillary sinus

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Cinthya Bessa da Motta, Almada; Debora Rodrigues, Fonseca; Rachel Rego, Vanzillotta; Fábio Ramôa, Pires.

    Full Text Available Granuloma de colesterol (GC) é uma reação de corpo estranho a deposição de cristais de colesterol, usualmente encontrado em associação com doenças crônicas do ouvido médio, sendo bastante incomum nos seios paranasais. O objetivo deste artigo é relatar um caso de GC no seio maxilar de um homem de 22 [...] anos de idade, manifestando-se como aumento de volume na maxila direita, associado a dor e obstrução nasal. Cortes de tomografia computadorizada (TC) mostraram opacificação completa do seio maxilar direito com expansão e destruição do osso cortical. A biópsia revelou uma massa sólida ocupando o seio maxilar e o exame histológico mostrou uma reação de corpo estranho aos cristais de colesterol. Os achados microscópicos associados à vitalidade dos dentes, imagens em TC e ausência de cavidade durante o procedimento cirúrgico foram compatíveis com o diagnóstico de GC do seio maxilar. A excisão cirúrgica completa da massa sob anestesia geral foi sugerida, mas o paciente não retornou para concluir o tratamento. O GC deve ser incluído no diagnóstico diferencial das doenças que causam opacificação dos seios paranasais, especialmente as sinusites e lesões císticas e tumorais. Abstract in english Cholesterol granuloma (CG) is a foreign body reaction to the deposition of cholesterol crystals, usually found in association to chronic middle ear diseases, being highly uncommon in the paranasal sinuses. This article reports a case of CG in the maxillary sinus of a 22-year-old man, manifesting as [...] a swelling on the right maxilla associated with pain and nasal obstruction. Computed tomography (CT) imaging showed complete opacification of the right maxillary sinus with cortical bone expansion and destruction. Incisional biopsy showed a solid mass filling the sinus and histological examination showed foreign body reaction to cholesterol crystals. The microscopic findings associated to tooth vitality, CT images and absence of a cavity during the surgical procedure were compatible with the diagnosis of CG of the maxillary sinus. Complete surgical excision of the mass under general anesthesia was suggested, but the patient did not return to conclude the treatment. CG must be included in differential diagnosis of diseases that cause opacification on the paranasal sinuses, especially sinusitis, and cystic and tumoral lesions.

  11. Pneumatisation of the maxillary sinus in normal and symptomatic children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The pattern of pneumatisation and normal width of the maxillary sinus in 191 Nigerian infants and children whose age range was 6 months to 14 years was determined. Fifty-four percent of children with no respiratory tract or sinus infection had opaque maxillary sinus. A figure of 44.5% was obtained amongst children with suspected bronchopneumonia. Only 41.5% of suspected cases of sinusitis, acute and chronic middle ear disease had opaque sinus. The highest rate of sinus opacity was seen in children under 2 years who were asymptomatic. The mean maximal width of normally aerated sinus was 8.74 mm for children under 2 years, 16.5 mm for 3-6 years, 21.5 mm for 7-11 years and 25 mm for children 12 years and above. We conclude that maxillary sinus opacity in our experience is an unreliable index for the diagnosis of sinusitis in children. (orig.)

  12. Maxillary sinus pneumatization after maxillary molar extraction assessed with cone beam computed tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to examine the inferior expansion of the maxillary sinus floor following maxillary molar extraction. Cone beam computed tomographic images of 59 subjects were used to evaluate the height difference of the maxillary sinus floor between extraction sites and contralateral dentate sites. The height of the maxillary sinus floor was defined as the vertical distance to the Frankfort plane from the level of the anterior nasal spine to the most inferior point of the sinus floor. We examined the difference in sinus pneumatization according to the number of missing teeth and the vertical relationship of the molar roots to the sinus floor. The inferior expansion of the maxillary sinus floor was 1.20 ± 1.86 mm on the maxillary first molar and 1.90 ± 2.42 mm on the maxillary second molar. Increased expansion was observed in cases where two proximate molars were extracted. There was no significant difference in sinus pneumatization following extraction according to the vertical relationship of the molar roots to the sinus floor. The results of this study confirm that sinus pneumatization occurs following maxillary molar extraction. In situations where pneumatization can affect treatment after molar extraction, three-dimensional radiography should be considered.

  13. Infraorbital hypesthesia after maxillary sinus barotrauma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, F K; Bove, A A

    1999-01-01

    We report a case of a diver who suffered an episode of maxillary sinus barotrauma that presented with decreased sensation over the cutaneous distribution of the infraorbital nerve after an ascent which produced facial pain and crepitus. This case illustrates a potential confusion between a decompression sickness etiology and a barotraumatic etiology for the observed sensory deficit. The clinical features of this case were most consistent with a barotraumatic etiology for the findings noted. The anatomy of the trigeminal nerve and previous reports of cranial nerve deficits following barotrauma are reviewed. PMID:10642073

  14. Aspergilloma of the maxillary sinus: report of a case

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aspergilloma of the paranasal sinus is a non-invasive form of aspergillosis, most often in the maxillary sinus. This case presents an 86-year-old female with aspergilloma of the left maxillary sinus. The patient's chief complaint was intermittent pain on the left maxillary first premolar area. A radiopacification of the left maxillary sinus was observed on the panoramic radiograph. Cone-beam computed tomography revealed complete radiopacification of the left maxillary sinus and scattered multiple radiopaque mass inside the lesion. Biopsy was performed under local anesthesia. On microscopic examination, numerous fungal hyphae, which branch at acute angle, were observed. The diagnosis was made as an aspergilloma based on the histopathologic examination.

  15. Aspergilloma of the maxillary sinus: report of a case

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Ju Han; Kim, Gyu Tae; Choi, Yong Suk; Hwang, Eui Hwan [School of Dentistry, Kung Hee University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Yu, Jae Jung [Kangdong Scared Heart Hospital, Hallym Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-12-15

    Aspergilloma of the paranasal sinus is a non-invasive form of aspergillosis, most often in the maxillary sinus. This case presents an 86-year-old female with aspergilloma of the left maxillary sinus. The patient's chief complaint was intermittent pain on the left maxillary first premolar area. A radiopacification of the left maxillary sinus was observed on the panoramic radiograph. Cone-beam computed tomography revealed complete radiopacification of the left maxillary sinus and scattered multiple radiopaque mass inside the lesion. Biopsy was performed under local anesthesia. On microscopic examination, numerous fungal hyphae, which branch at acute angle, were observed. The diagnosis was made as an aspergilloma based on the histopathologic examination.

  16. Positional relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the apex of the maxillary first molar using cone beam computed tomograph

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To assess the positional relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the apex of the maxillary first molar using cone beam computed tomograph (CBCT). CBCTs from 127 subjects were analysed. A total of 134 maxillary first molars were classified according to their vertical and horizontal positional relationship to the maxillary sinus floor and measured according to the distance between the maxillary sinus floor and the maxillary first molar. Type III (The root projected laterally on the sinus cavity but its apex is outside the sinus boundaries) was dominated between 10 and 19 years and type I (The root apex was not in contact with the cortical borders of the sinus) was dominated (P<0.05) between 20 and 72 years on the vertical relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the apex of the maxillary first molar. The maxillary sinus floor was located more at the apex (78.2%) than at the furcation (21.3%) for the palatal root. The distance from the root apex to the maxillary sinus floor confined to type I was increased according to the ages (P<0.05). Type M (The maxillary sinus floor was located between the buccal and the palatal root) was most common (72.4%) on the horizontal relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the apex of the maxillary first molar. CBCT can provide highly qualified images for the maxillary sinus floor and the root apex of the maxillary first molar.

  17. A PARALLEL STUDY OF RHINOGENIC AND ODONTOGENIC MAXILLARY SINUS DISEASE.

    OpenAIRE

    Elitsa Deliverska; Martin Rubiev

    2012-01-01

    Because of its close anatomic relations with nosal and oral cavitis, the maxillary sinus is the place of most frequent inflammatory diseases of all paranasal sinuses. Introduction: The aim of this study was to establish differences in etiology and treatment of rhinogenic and odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Materials and methods: In this study, we analyzed the etiology, clinical characteristics of the disease, x-ray findings, clinical course and treatment of 188 cases, which were diagnosed an...

  18. CT-MPR invaluable in diagnosing odontogenic maxillary sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In everyday examination, it is usual to encounter odontogenic maxillary sinusitis patients. Odontogenic maxillary sinusitis is generally best diagnosed by dental X-ray imaging. Many medical facilities not having a dental X-ray unit use coronal computed tomography (CT) images to diagnose odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Coronal CT imaging causes artifacts, however due to dental prosthesises. Computed tomography-Multiplanar reformation (CT-MPR) imaging has proved useful in evaluating the paranasal sinus because it is not influenced by dental prosthesises. We evaluated the usefulness of CT-MPR for diagnosing odontogenic maxillary sinusitis by retrospectively analyzing 16 patients, with the following results. We couldn't diagnose all cases of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis in posteroanterior and Waters projection images. Panoramic radiography is needed to diagnose odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Dental X-ray imaging missed some cases, but all cases were diagnosed by CT-MPR imaging, giving a 100% diagnosestic rate. CT-MPR imaging is thus at least as valuable or better than dental X-ray imaging in diagnosing odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. (author)

  19. Maxillary sinus carcinoma: result of radiation therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This hundred and sixteen patients with carcinoma of the maxillary sinus received primary therapy consisting of external beam irradiation alone or in combination with surgery and/or chemotherapy at the Department of Radiology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University Hospital, between 1953 and 1982. In our institution, methods of treating cancer of the maxillary sinus have been changed from time to time and showed different control rates and clinical courses. An actuarial 10-year survival rate of 21% has been obtained by the megavoltage irradiation alone as well as 34% actuarial 10-year survival rate by megavoltage irradiation with surgery. After the introduction of conservative surgery followed by conventional trimodal combination therapy, the local control rate has been improved. The amount of functional, cosmetic, and brain damages have been remarkably decreased by this mode of therapy. The actuarial five year survival rate was 67%. In addition, along with the improvement of the local control rate, the control of nodal and distant organ metastases have been emerging as one of the important contributions to the prognosis of this disease

  20. Measurement of maxillary sinus volume using Computed Tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To propose a standard value for the maxillary sinus volume of a normal Korean adult by measuring the width and height of the sinus and analyzing their correlation and the difference of the sinus size respectively between sexes, and on the right and left sides. Fifty-two (95 maxillary sinuses) out of 20 years or over aged patients who had taken CT in the Department of Dental Radiology, Yonsei University, Dental Hospital, between February 1997 and July 1999 who were no specific symptom, prominent bony septa, pathosis, clinical asymmetry and history of surgery in the maxillary sinus were retrospectively analyzed. The mean transverse width, antero-posterior width, height and volume of the normal Korean adult's maxillary sinuses were 28.33 mm, 39.69 mm, 46.60 mm and 21.90 cm3, respectively. There was a significant sex difference in the sinus volume (p<0.05). In the mean antero-posterior width, height and volume of the sinus, no significant difference was observed between both sides. All four measurements showed a significant correlation between both sides (p<0.0001). The widths and height of the sinus all showed a significant correlation with the sinus volume (p<0.0001). In the Korean normal adult's maxillary sinus, males tended to be larger than females. Except for the transverse width, all of the measurements showed no significant difference between the right and left side, but significant correlations in the four measurements between both sides were observed.urements between both sides were observed. Thus, the overgrowth or undergrowth in the unilateral maxillary sinus may suggest a certain pathosis or developmental abnormalities in the maxillary sinus.

  1. A PARALLEL STUDY OF RHINOGENIC AND ODONTOGENIC MAXILLARY SINUS DISEASE.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elitsa Deliverska

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Because of its close anatomic relations with nosal and oral cavitis, the maxillary sinus is the place of most frequent inflammatory diseases of all paranasal sinuses. Introduction: The aim of this study was to establish differences in etiology and treatment of rhinogenic and odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Materials and methods: In this study, we analyzed the etiology, clinical characteristics of the disease, x-ray findings, clinical course and treatment of 188 cases, which were diagnosed and treated as odontogenic or rhinogenic maxillary sinusitis in the Departments of Maxillofacial surgery and Otorhinolaringology – “St. Anna” Hospital, Sofia from 2005 to 2010. Patients were divided according to age and sex. Data was systematized and analyzed. Results: This study clearly showed that rhinogenic diseases of maxillary sinus are three times more frequent than odontogenic diseases. Also the etiology of odontogenic sinusitis most often is due to mistakes in the treatment of the upper teeth (alien corpuses, perforation after extraction, which is completely different from rhinogenic sinusitis. In the surgical treatment of rhinogenic maxillary sinusitis usually endonasal polypectomy was followed by operation according to Caldwell-Luc or functional sinus endoscopy. During the surgical treatment of odontogenic sinusitis the most frequent intervention was surgical plastic of oral-antral communication with mucogingival vestibular flap followed by operation according to Caldwell-Luck what is different from the treatment of rhinogenic sinusitis.Conclusion: Maxillary sinus often suffers from inflammatory diseases and should always be examined carefully by means of anamnesis, clinic exam and x-rays to identify its origin. Upper teeth should be treated carefully in everyday’s dental practice to avoid being cause of sinusitis.

  2. Metastasis of follicular thyroid carcinoma to the maxillary sinus

    OpenAIRE

    Krishnamurthy, Arvind; Vaidhyanathan, Anitha; Krishna, Kumar R.

    2010-01-01

    Thyroid carcinoma metastatic to the paranasal sinuses is extremely rare. We report a case of follicular thyroid carcinoma metastatic to the right maxillary sinus, with extension into the right side of the hard palate in a young lady. A radioactive iodine-131 (I-131) scan post total thyroidectomy revealed 0.8% uptake in the neck; the whole body scan revealed a functioning metastasis in the region of the right maxillary antrum. Pathological confirmation of metastasis was done by correlating the...

  3. Odontogenic maxillary sinusitis diagnosed using conebeam x-ray CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We evaluated the usefulness of conebeam x-ray CT in the diagnosis of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis in 21 patients. Among teeth causing odontogenic maxillary sinusitis, 95% had apical lesions after root canal treatment. Most root canals were filled with filling materials incompletely. Apical lesions in inappropriately treated teeth thus caused odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Conebeam CT involves 3-dimensional isotropic voxel image date in up to 512 frames for transaxial, coronal, and sagittal planes, so resolution in imaging on the body axis was especially high. Multiplanar reconstruction and volume rendering images at any optional plane could be obtained without interpolation. The relationship between causative teeth and the maxillary sinus could be observed and measured, and odontogenic maxillary sinusitis accurately diagnosed. In addition to the accurate diagnosis of apical lesions, maxilla, and maxillary sinus, periodontal ligament space, lamina dura, pulp cavity, root canal, canal-treated root, apical periodontitis, alveolar ostitis, marginal periodontitis of causative teeth could be observed. Metal artifacts were minimized, making conebeam CT useful in the diagnosis of periodontal tissue and causative teeth, including root-canal-treated and crown-restored teeth. (author)

  4. Antrolith in the Maxillary Sinus; Report of a Case

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    A. Haraji

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available A case of maxillary antrolith in a 14-year-old girl is presented. A radiopaque mass,thought to be a supernumerary tooth, was incidentally found on a panoramic radiograph obtained for orthodontic purposes. During surgical exploration the maxillary sinus was penetrated and 6 calcified masses were discovered. Histopathologic analysis revealed a calcium deposition around a necrotic mass.

  5. Sinusitis Maxilar de Origen Odontogénica: Diagnóstico y Tratamiento Quirúrgico / Maxillary Sinusitis of Odontogenic Origin: Surgical Diagnosis and Treatment

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ferdinando, De Conto; Mayara, De Bona; Graciele, Rui; Gisele, Rovani; Roque, Rhoden; Mateus, Ericson Flores.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La sinusitis odontogénica afecta la mucosa de los senos maxilares y puede ser causada por la evolución de una lesión en el diente con formación de pus periapical que avanza en el interior de la cavidad sinusal. Se presenta un caso de un paciente con dens in dente en el diente incisivo lateral superi [...] or derecho, que sufrió el proceso de caries evolucionando en la región periapical, contaminando la mucosa sinusal de este lado, lo que causó el dolor, abultamiento y el desplazamiento del diente. La cirugía se realizó a través de acceso de Caldwell-Luc para el curetaje de la lesión, lo que indica la presencia en el diagnóstico histopatológico la presencia de quiste abscedado y sinusitis. Después de 18 meses de control, se observó la regeneración ósea y el reposicionamiento alveolar espontáneo de los dientes implicados. Los autores advierten que cíngulos profundos y dens in dente son las enfermedades de los dientes que merecen atención para el diagnóstico y la prevención de los procesos de caries con el fin de evitar complicaciones mayores. Abstract in english Odontogenic sinusitis affects mucous membrane of the maxillary sinus and can be caused by the evolution of a tooth injury with formation of periapical abscess that advances into the sinus cavity. We present a patient with dens in dente in the upper right lateral incisor tooth, which suffered carious [...] process and periapical abscess, contaminating the sinus mucosa on this side, which caused pain, bulging and tooth displacement. Surgery was performed via a Caldwell-Luc access for curettage of the lesion, indicating the presence in the histopathological diagnosis of radicular cyst abscess and sinusitis. After 18 months of control, alveolar bone regeneration and spontaneous repositioning of teeth involved was observed. The authors warn that cingulum deep in dens in dente are diseases of the tooth that deserve attention for the diagnosis and prevention of carious processes in order to avoid further complications.

  6. An Odontoma Found in the Wake of Maxillary Sinusitis Onset

    OpenAIRE

    Megumi Sotobori; Kohei Marukawa; Masatoshi Higuchi; Ryuichi Nakazawa; Akinori Moroi; Yuri Ishihara; Ran Iguchi; Akihiko Kosaka; Hiroumi Ikawa; Koichiro Ueki

    2013-01-01

    Sinusitis of dental origin is a relatively frequent entity, and odontomas are considered to be the most common odontogenic tumors of the oral cavity. Eruption and infection of odontomas are extremely rare. Here, we report an interesting case where odontoma was found in the wake of the maxillary sinusitis onset.

  7. EPITHELIAL MYOEPITHELIAL CARCINOMA OF MAXILLARY SINUS —A DIAGNOSTIC DILEMMA

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    Rajeev Sen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Epithelial – Myoepithelial Carcinoma (EMC is a rare malignant salivary gland neoplasm that most commonly occurs in the Parotid gland, but can also arise in the Minor Salivary Glands. EMC of the maxillary sinus extremely rare. We describe here a case of a 74-year-old patient who presented with maxillary swelling for 4months and nasal discharge for 3 months. Computed Tomography Scan revealed an expansile soft tissue mass in the left maxillary sinus eroding all its walls. In View of high suspicion of malignancy, Left maxillectomy was done. Histopathological examination confirmed Epithelial Myoepithelial Carcinoma with Positive Reaction to CK, Vimentin, Smooth Muscle Actin (SMA and S-100.

  8. Maxillary sinus carcinoma: Natural history and outcome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To assess natural history, treatment outcome and pattern of relapse in patients with maxillary sinus carcinoma. A review was conducted of the medical records of all adult patients with maxillary sinus carcinoma, who were treated at King Faisal Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, between January 1990 and December 1999. A total of 60 patients were identified for analysis, 36 men and 24 women; the median age was 58-years (range 23-95). Major presenting symptoms were facial swelling 55%, facial pain 50%, and nasal obstruction 43.4%, with a median duration of 5-months (range 1-24). Histology was quamous cell carcinoma in 71.7% and adenoid cystic in 16.7%. They were restaged according to American Joint Committee on Cancer classification 1997 as II, III and IV in 1, 10 and 49. Thirty patients received treatment with curative intent (surgery in 4 patients, radiotherapy in 2, and combined modality in 24), 6 patients refused treatment and 24 were treated palliatively. With a median follow up of 50-months (range 2-128) in surviving patients treated with a curative intent, 12/30 failed locally, 4/30 in the regional neck nodes and 2/30 had systemic relapse. The actuarial 5-year overall survival (OS), relapse free survival (RFS) and local control rate (LC) were 55%, 39% and 51%. Treatment modality was the only significant prognostic factor for outcome, with 5 year OS, RFS and LC of 72%, 49% and 61%, for combined modality using surgery followed by radiotheodality using surgery followed by radiotherapy compared to 0% for single approach (p=0.0003, p=0.0052 and p=0.0098). This study indicates that the majority of our patients presented with advanced disease, resulting in poor outcome to conventional treatment modalities. Efforts should be directed to minimize the delay in diagnosis at the primary care level. Combined modality treatment should be offered to all patients with locally advanced disease. New approaches such as neoadjuvant or concurrent chemoradiotherapy with or without surgery need to be considered and evaluated in prospective studies. (author)

  9. Barotrauma secondary to inflammatory maxillary sinus polyp: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baughman, Steven M; Brennan, Joseph

    2002-11-01

    Sinus barotrauma, secondary to mucosal disturbances, is a common finding within the aviation community. Multiple etiologies have all led to mucosal inflammation and thickening with potential obstruction of the sinus osteomeatal complex, especially during the barometric changes of flight. Obstruction can, therefore, lead to problems with sinus pressure equilibration with atmospheric pressure, and can lead to barosinusitis. We present a case of a U.S. Air Force Command Pilot with acute left sinus barotrauma during descent while flying a T-37 aircraft, along with a brief review of the pathophysiologic processes involved during barotrauma. An inflammatory polyp within his sinus was identified by plain radiography, confirmed with computed tomography, and subsequently excised. The patient had complete resolution and clearance to fly after an uneventful 4-wk convalescence and altitude chamber flight. This is the first case of sinus barotrauma secondary to an inflammatory maxillary sinus polyp, confirmed by histologic diagnosis, reported in the aeromedical literature. PMID:12433240

  10. Evaluation the success of osseointegrated implants in maxillary sinus grafts

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    Rubens Eduardo Gigli

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To analyze implants placed in maxillary sinus grafts with biomaterial of bovine origin and platelet-rich plasma, observing bone neoformation and the clinical and histologic success rate presented.Methods: Analysis of the clinical findings was based on 36 maxillary sinus grafts with 101 implants placed in 30 patients with a mean age of 47 years, and the histologic analysis, based on nine samples of the 36 grafts performed, with a mean interval of 7.5 months time of the graft, the majority of patients being men with a mean age of 42 years. Results: Clinically, 91 implants placed were osseointegrated.Conclusion: Based on the results presented, it was concluded that when implants are placed in the maxillary sinus region grafted with biomaterial, they present a high success rate. ISRCTN24003246

  11. Endodontic material diffusion in the pathogenesis of maxillary sinus aspergillosis

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    St\\u00E9fano Florenzano

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available One undesirable sequela of root canal treatment is the overextension of endodontic material into the maxillary sinus, which may represent a risk factor for maxillary sinus aspergillosis (MSA. Diverse clinical presentations of aspergillosis have been reported and they vary depending on the immune status of the host. The noninvasive form called Aspergillus mycetoma occurs mostly in healthy people. This report describes a case of MSA associated with root canal over fi lling in a 27-year-old healthy man. The patient had been asymptomatic for 6 years after root canal treatment. Radiography revealed a diffuse radiopaque mass inside the left maxillary sinus, with radiolucent areas near the cortical bone of the maxillary sinus. Computed tomography (CT showed the presence of material with a density similar to that of soft tissue. Imaging fi ndings suggested that the calci fi cation fi lled the left maxillary antrum, without expansion or bone destruction. The lesion was removed, and microscopic examination of the specimen revealed an in fl ammatory process with numerous dichotomized fungal structures (compatible with Aspergillus sp.. Histopathological features were compatible with aspergillosis. Treatment consisted of surgery and adjunctive anti-fungal therapy with itraconazole. Clinical and radiographic follow-up revealed no recurrence of the lesion.

  12. Maxillary sinus septa: comparison between panoramic radiography and CBCT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To investigate and compare the prevalence, size, and location of maxillary sinus septa on panoramic and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images.Two hundred patients who had taken both panoramic and CBCT images were included. The location of maxillary sinus septa on the panoramic radiographs were recorded and confirmed on the CBCT images. Also the size of septa was measured on the reformatted CBCT images. The prevalence of the patients who had maxillary sinus septa was 51.0% and they showed 179 septa totally. Among them 51.0% of the patients had one septum, 32.4% two septa, 13.7% three, and 2.9% four. The measured heights of the septa were 4.37 ± 2.87 mm, 3.51 ± 2.47 mm, and 3.04 ± 2.37 mm in the medial, middle, and lateral areas, respectively. It was revealed that 1.0% was located at canine region, 18.0% at first premolar, 25.0% at second premolar, 22.7% at first molar, 19.8% at second molar, and 14.0% at third molar region. Among 213 septa depicted by the panoramic radiographs, only 69.0% were confirmed at the CBCT images. Since various heights and courses of the septa can develop in all parts of the maxillary sinus, adequate assessment of the inner aspect of the maxillary sinus is essential to avoid complications during sinus augmentation procedures. CBCT scanning is the preferred radiographic method for detecting the presence of sinus septa.

  13. Surgical removal of dental implants displaced into the maxillary sinus

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    Chrcanovic Ramos Bruno

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The accidental displacement of roots, endodontic materials and dental implants into the maxillary sinus are relatively common complications in dental clinical practice. The purpose of this study is to present four cases of displaced dental implant into maxillary sinus, their treatment as well as the prevention of this condition. There are three different major approaches to remove materials displaced into the maxillary sinus: suction from the socket of an extracted tooth, the classical open surgery via the canine fossa and endoscopic approach. A relevant improvement of surgical techniques previous to, or in association with, the placement of implants in the posterior maxilla, has tremendously expanded the possibilities and indications for such treatments. To decrease the risk for developing side effects, it is recommended that sinus augmentation procedures should be performed before inserting implants in a resorbed upper jaw where sinus penetration is unavoidable. As implant displacement in the paranasal sinuses may be followed by infectious complications, an immediate or early removal of the displaced implants is indicated.

  14. Idiopathic bilateral antral exostoses: A rare case in maxillary sinus

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    Eduardo Borie

    2014-01-01

    CONCLUSION: The published data of exostoses in maxillary sinus seem to be limited in the dental literature, and this condition is important to consider in an implant treatment planning. Also, it is important to perform a follow-up of the cases in trying to find the possible causes of exostosis.

  15. Removal of an upper third molar from the maxillary sinus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amorim, Klinger de Souza; da Silva, Vanessa Tavares; da Cunha, Rafael Soares; Souto, Maria Luisa Silveira; São Mateus, Carla Rocha; Souza, Liane Maciel de Almeida

    2015-01-01

    The maxillary sinus or antrum is the largest of the paranasal sinuses. It is located in the maxillary bone and has a proximity to the apexes of upper molars and premolars, which allows it to form a direct link between the sinus and the oral cavity. Dislocation of a foreign body or tooth to the interior of a paranasal sinus is a situation that can occur as a result of car accidents, firearm attacks, or iatrogenic in surgical procedures. Therefore, it is necessary to know how to treat this kind of situation. This study's objective is to report the case of a 23-year-old female patient, leucoderma, who sought treatment from the Surgical Unit at the Dental Faculty of the Federal University of Sergipe. She had a history of pain and edema in the right side of the genian region and two failed attempts at removing dental unit (DU) 18. The extraoral clinical exam revealed intense edema of the left hemiface with signs of infection, excoriation of the labial commissure, hematoma, a body temperature of 39°C, and a limited ability to open her mouth. The patient was medicated and treated surgically. The tooth was removed from the maxillary sinus with caution, as should have been done initially. PMID:25705524

  16. Three-dimensional linear and volumetric analysis of maxillary sinus pneumatization

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    Reham M. Hamdy

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Considering the anatomical variability related to the maxillary sinus, its intimate relation to the maxillary posterior teeth and because of all the implications that pneumatization may possess, three-dimensional assessment of maxillary sinus pneumatization is of most usefulness. The aim of this study is to analyze the maxillary sinus dimensions both linearly and volumetrically using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT to assess the maxillary sinus pneumatization. Retrospective analysis of 30 maxillary sinuses belonging to 15 patients’ CBCT scans was performed. Linear and volumetric measurements were conducted and statistically analyzed. The maximum craniocaudal extension of the maxillary sinus was located around the 2nd molar in 93% of the sinuses, while the maximum mediolateral and antroposterior extensions of the maxillary sinus were located at the level of root of zygomatic complex in 90% of sinuses. There was a high correlation between the linear measurements of the right and left sides, where the antroposterior extension of the sinus at level of the nasal floor had the largest correlation (0.89. There was also a high correlation between the Simplant and geometric derived maxillary sinus volumes for both right and left sides (0.98 and 0.96, respectively. The relations of the sinus floor can be accurately assessed on the different orthogonal images obtained through 3D CBCT scan. The geometric method offered a much cheaper, easier, and less sophisticated substitute; therefore, with the availability of software, 3D volumetric measurements are more facilitated.

  17. Ectopic Molar with Maxillary Sinus Drainage Obstruction and Oroantral Fistula

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    Shahin Abdollahifakhim

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Ectopic tooth eruption may result owing to one of 3 processes: developmentalDisturbance, iatrogenic activity, or pathologic process, such as a tumor or a cyst. In rare cases, occlusion of the sinus ostia may predispose a patient to develop a maxillary sinus mucocele. When the maxillary sinus is invaded, symptoms usually occur late in the process.   Case report: A 17 years old boy referred to department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery of university of medical sciences, Tabriz_Iran in 2010 with chronic recurrent mucoprulent discharge from retromollar trigone , posterior to right superior alveolar ridge. CT scan revealed a dense mass resembling tooth, obstructing sinus ostium with homogenous opacity with ring enhancement, occupying whole sinus and expanding all walls. A Caldwell Luke approach in combination with endoscopy was selected.   Discussions: In the present patient, removal of ectopic tooth resolved the symptoms completely, the fistula obstructed and discharges discontinued. An ectopic tooth is a rare entity obstructing sinus ostium. The etiology of ectopic eruption has not yet been completely clarified, but many theories have been suggested,including trauma, infection, developmental anomalies and pathologic conditions, such as dentigerous cysts. In summary, although the ectopic teeth is rare but it would be assumed in presence of unilateral symptoms of sinonasal cavity. Therefore in peristant unilateral sinonasal symptoms we should complete examining of this site to rule out rare causes of these symptoms.

  18. Persistent Deciduous Molar as an Etiology for a Maxillary Sinus Mucocele

    OpenAIRE

    Tuli, Isha Preet; Pal, Indranil; Chakraborty, Suvamoy; Sengupta, Subhabrata

    2011-01-01

    Mucoceles are accumulations of trapped mucus, forming cystic expansile lesions. Maxillary sinus mucoceles are rare amongst paranasal sinus mucoceles, usually being a late sequel of Caldwell-Luc surgery. We present a case of a maxillary sinus mucocele due to a persistent carious deciduous molar in a middle aged patient, reported to highlight its unusual etiology.

  19. Case Report: retained gutta-percha as a cause for persistent maxillary sinusitis and pain

    OpenAIRE

    Hodnett, Benjamin L.; Ferguson, Berrylin

    2014-01-01

    Dental sources of infection can produce acute and chronic maxillary sinusitis. In some cases, the source of the infection may be related to the presence of endodontic materials in the oral cavity. In this article, we report a case of retained gutta-percha in the maxillary sinus resulting in chronic sinusitis.

  20. A Computed Tomographic Study on the Size and Bone Wall Thickness of the Maxillary Sinus in Normal, Preoperative and Postoperative Maxillary Sinusitis Patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To compare the size and bone wall thickness of the maxillary sinus in normal, preoperative and postoperative maxillary sinusitis patients. The author analyzed CT images of both left and right maxillary sinuses in 357 patients who visited Chonbuk National University Hospital between January 1997 and December 1998. The size and bone wall thickness of the maxillary sinus of normal, inflammatory and post-Caldwell-Luc groups were compared. The significant differences of transverse, maximum medio-lateral, maximum supero-inferior dimensions and medio-lateral dimension at nasal floor level between normal and post-Caldwell-Luc groups were found (P0.05). The significant differences of postero-lateral, infero-lateral and medial wall thickness between normal and post-Caldwell-Luc groups were found (P<0.05). The results of this study will aid in the diagnosis and treatment of maxillary sinus diseases and post operative treatment planning.

  1. Displacement of a dental implant into the maxillary sinus: case series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borgonovo, A; Fabbri, A; Boninsegna, R; Dolci, M; Censi, R

    2010-01-01

    Dental implants placed in the maxilla risk failure because of the low density of the maxillary bone and the shortness of the maxillary ridge. Moreover, inadequate implant preparation, drilling or installation can easily lead to complications related to the maxillary sinuses. Displacement of dental implants into the maxillary sinus can cause serious complications, but there are few reports of such cases. The aim of this paper is to present three cases of a migrated dental implants into the maxillary sinus: in the first two cases the dental implant was found close to the medial wall of the maxillary sinus and was removed through a surgical approach, whereas in the third case the dental implant was spontaneously expelled from the nasal cavities through the mucociliary clearance. The most frequent adverse effect is the local infection of tissue around the implant. For this reason, implants placed close to the maxillary sinus offer a route for infection from the oral cavity to the sinus. While in some cases implant migration causes sinusitis in other, the patients remain asymptomatic; anyway, the treatment depends on the symptoms of maxillary sinusitis. In the third case the dental implant was spontaneously expelled from the nasal graves. Our report illustrates that a powerful mechanism of mucociliary action can cause relatively heavy objects within the maxillary sinus to migrate naturally to the sinus ostia against gravitational force and then to be expelled from the nasal cavities. PMID:20212409

  2. Maxillary sinusitis caused by Lasiodiplodia theobromae

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    Kindo A

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Lasiodiplodia (monotypic comprises a very small proportion of the fungal biota. It is a common plant pathogen in tropical and subtropical regions. Clinical reports on its association with onychomycosis, corneal ulcer and phaeohyphomycosis are available. However, Lasiodiplodia theobromae causing fungal sinusitis has not been reported. We present here a case of fungal sinusitis in a 30-year-old woman, who came to the ENT OPD (out patient department with complaints of intermittent bleeding and nasal discharge from the left side for a week. The patient complained of headache, predominantly on the left side and heaviness on and off since two months. Diagnosis was based on radiological and mycological evidence; the patient underwent endoscopic surgery and was started on antifungal treatment.

  3. Maxillary subperiosteal implantitis that caused severe bone resorption of the maxilla with perforation of the maxillary sinus and sinusitis: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazuki Takaoka

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Subperiosteal implants are generally used in the severely resorbed areas, and although dwindling in use, they have shown to be successful treatment options for the edentulous dental patients. We report a case of maxillary subperiosteal implantitis that caused sinusitis. A 59-year-old man was referred to our clinic in March 2003 with a chief complaint of pain and swelling in the bilateral upper molar region. He received a surgical operation for maxillary subperiosteal implant at another dental clinic in April 2001. CT scans demonstrated that the radiopacity of the right maxillary sinus extended to the ethmoid and frontal sinuses. Extensive surgical debridement was performed. The radiopacity of the right maxillary sinus in CT almost disappeared in a month. Two months later, the occlusal function was recovered using a new maxillary complete denture. The patient has had no symptoms and no occlusal disturbance by the denture for more than nine years.

  4. A Peduncular Cystic Compound Odontoma on the Posterior Wall of the Maxillary Sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A cystic compound odontoma in the maxillary sinus occurred in a 13-years-old boy, who had missing right upper third molar without having the history of extraction of the wisdom tooth. He complained nasal stuffiness, headache, and pain on the affected face, resembling any sign and symptoms of the maxillary sinus problems. The cysteic compound, sized 2 x 1.5 cm in diameter was pedunculated and attached on the posterior wall of the right maxillary sinus and above the antral floor. The location of the compound odontoma in the maxillary sinus was confirmed after panoramic, waters, spiral tomographic, CT examinations and surgical exploration. Irs location was on the medical, posterior, superior to the normal position of the maxillary third molar or the maxillary dental arch. The cystic odontoma in the maxillary sinus made the patient have the sings and symptoms of maxillary sinusitis. The cystic compound odontoma might be originated from the dental lamina of the missing upper right third molar. The 'V principle' of the upper jaw growth and the pneumatization process of the maxillary sinus could explain why the compound odontoma had peduncular shape and the location of odontoma was on the medial, superior to the normal position of the maxillary dental arch.

  5. Dentigerous cyst associated with a displaced tooth in the maxillary sinus: an unusual cause of recurrent sinusitis in an adolescent

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report an unusual case of a displaced maxillary molar and associated dentigerous cyst within the maxillary sinus in an adolescent presenting as recurrent sinusitis. Although a rare cause of sinusitis in children, dentigerous cysts should be included in the differential diagnosis for causes of persistent or recurrent sinusitis in this age group. This report provides further evidence for obtaining imaging studies when managing pediatric sinusitis that does not respond to standard antibiotic therapy. We discuss management options for these lesions including the differential diagnoses and need for follow-up. (orig.)

  6. Evaluation of the postoperative maxillary sinus with computed tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the computed tomographic appearances of postoperative maxillary sinuses. 33 asymptomatic cases of post-operative maxillary sinus without evidence of any pathologic changes and clinical symptoms were selected. CT images were classified as opacification, soft tissue shadow, anterior wall depression, nasoantral communication, and compartmentalization. The relationships between the CT image and the age of patients at the time of operation, and between the CT image and the duration of time elapsed since the surgical procedure were evaluated. The most commonly presented radiological characteristics that occurred after the Caldwell-Luc procedure were opacification and soft tissue shadow. Anterior wall depression and nasoantral communication were radiographic indications that a Caldwell-Luc operation had been carried out. The age of patients when they had been first operated on, and the duration between the surgical procedure and the time of evaluation had no effect on the CT appearances of normal changes. In cases involving a longer time interval between the antral surgery and evaluation, the anterior wall depression with bony healing was more commonly observed than soft tissue healing. The radiographic information regarding the normal healing state using computed tomography can distinguish post-operative changes from inflammatory and cystic disease in patients who have undergone a Caldwell-Luc type of radical maxillary astronomy.stronomy.

  7. Maxillary sinus 3D segmentation and reconstruction from cone beam CT data sets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Segmentation of the maxillary sinuses for three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction, visualization and volumetry is sought using an automated algorithm applied to cone beam computed tomographic (CBCT) data sets. Materials and methods: Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data sets of three subjects aged 9, 17, and 27 were used in 3D segmentation and reconstruction. The maxillary sinuses were obtained by propagation from one start point in the right sinus and one start point in the left sinus to the whole regions of both sinuses. The procedure was based on voxel intensity distributions and common anatomic structures, specifically each middle meatus of the nasal cavity. A program was written in C++ and VTK languages to demonstrate the surface topological shapes of the maxillary sinuses. Results: The developed segmentation algorithm separated maxillary sinuses successfully permitting accurate comparisons. It was robust and efficient. 3D morphological features of the maxillary sinuses were observed from three human subjects. Conclusions: Automated segmentation of maxillary sinuses from CBCT data sets is feasible using the proposed method. This tool might be useful for visualization, pathological diagnosis, and treatment planning of maxillary sinus disorders. (orig.)

  8. Computed tomography measurements of different dimensions of maxillary and frontal sinuses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abul-Kasim Kasim

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We have previously proposed the use of Doppler ultrasound to non-invasively stage sinus infection, as we showed that acoustic streaming could be generated in nonpurulent sinus secretions and helped to distinguish it from mucopurulent sinus secretions. In order to continue this development of a clinically applicable Doppler equipment, we need to determine different dimensions of the paranasal sinuses, especially the thickness of the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus (at the canine fossa. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the thickness of the canine fossa. This study aimed to (a estimate different dimensions of the maxillary and frontal sinuses measured on computed tomography (CT of the head, (b define cut-off values for the normal upper and lower limits of the different measured structures, (c determine differences in age, side and gender, (d compare manually and automatically estimated maxillary sinuses volumes, and (e present incidental findings in the paranasal sinuses among the study patients. Methods Dimensions of 120 maxillary and frontal sinuses from head CTs were measured independently by two radiologists. Results The mean value of the maxillary sinus volume was 15.7 ± 5.3 cm3 and significantly larger in males than in females (P = 0.004. There was no statistically significant correlation between the volume of maxillary sinuses with age or side. The mean value of the bone thickness at the canine fossa was 1.1 ± 0.4 mm. The automatically estimated volume of the maxillary sinuses was 14-17% higher than the calculated volume. There was high interobserver agreement with regard to the different measurements performed in this study. Different types of incidental findings of the paranasal sinuses were found in 35% of the patients. Conclusion We presented different dimensions of the maxillary and frontal sinuses on CTs. We believe that our data are necessary for further development of a clinically applicable Doppler equipment for staging rhinosinusitis.

  9. Hyperostosis of the maxillary sinus wall in aspergillosis: is it a characteristic finding

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine whether the wall thickening of the maxillary sinus is a characteristic finding in aspergillosis. In 103 patients, including 26 with aspergillosis, 21 with inverted papilloma (IP), and 56 with unilateral chronic sinusitis, the thickness of the maxillary sinus wall was determined by CT scanning. All cases were proven pathologically, and patients with a history of previous surgery of bone destruction were excluded. Two neuroradiologists retrospectively reviewed the CT scans using bone window settings for sinus wall hyperostosis and the presence of intrasinus calcification. Thickening of the maxillary sinus wall was assessed visually in a semiquantitative manner, and graded as 'none' (absence of thickening), 'mild' (thickening of up to 1.5 times), or moderate ot severe(over 1.5 times thicker than normal contralateral sinus wall at its thickest point). Moderate to severe wall thickening was found only in patients with aspergillosis (21/26, 80.8%). Mild wall thickening was seen in two patients with aspergillosis (2/26, 7.7%), in 12 of 21 with IP (57.1%), and in 5 of 56 with chronic maxillary sinusitis (8.9%). Most cases of chronic maxillary sinusits( 51/56,91.1%), 9/21 IP cases (42.9%), and 3/26 cases of aspergillosis (11.5%) showed no thickening of the maxillary sinus wall. Calcifications were found in 18 patients with aspergillosis (69.2%), in no patient with IP (0%), and in one with chronic maxillary sinusitis (1.8%). We suggest that 'moderate to severe' wal. We suggest that 'moderate to severe' wall thickening of the maxillary sinus is the characteristic finding of aspergillosis. Although various sinonasal diseases can cause bone change, CT findings of hyperostosis of the maxillary sinus and intrasinus calcification are very helpful in differentiating fungal sinusitis from other types of chronic inflammatory lesions

  10. Hyperostosis of the maxillary sinus wall in aspergillosis: is it a characteristic finding

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Ji Young; Cho, Woo Ho; Kim, Joung Sook; Kim, Myung Gyu; Kim, Young Hoon; Woo, Hoon Young [College of Medicine, Inje Univ., Kimhae (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-03-01

    To determine whether the wall thickening of the maxillary sinus is a characteristic finding in aspergillosis. In 103 patients, including 26 with aspergillosis, 21 with inverted papilloma (IP), and 56 with unilateral chronic sinusitis, the thickness of the maxillary sinus wall was determined by CT scanning. All cases were proven pathologically, and patients with a history of previous surgery of bone destruction were excluded. Two neuroradiologists retrospectively reviewed the CT scans using bone window settings for sinus wall hyperostosis and the presence of intrasinus calcification. Thickening of the maxillary sinus wall was assessed visually in a semiquantitative manner, and graded as 'none' (absence of thickening), 'mild' (thickening of up to 1.5 times), or moderate ot severe(over 1.5 times thicker than normal contralateral sinus wall at its thickest point). Moderate to severe wall thickening was found only in patients with aspergillosis (21/26, 80.8%). Mild wall thickening was seen in two patients with aspergillosis (2/26, 7.7%), in 12 of 21 with IP (57.1%), and in 5 of 56 with chronic maxillary sinusitis (8.9%). Most cases of chronic maxillary sinusits( 51/56,91.1%), 9/21 IP cases (42.9%), and 3/26 cases of aspergillosis (11.5%) showed no thickening of the maxillary sinus wall. Calcifications were found in 18 patients with aspergillosis (69.2%), in no patient with IP (0%), and in one with chronic maxillary sinusitis (1.8%). We suggest that 'moderate to severe' wall thickening of the maxillary sinus is the characteristic finding of aspergillosis. Although various sinonasal diseases can cause bone change, CT findings of hyperostosis of the maxillary sinus and intrasinus calcification are very helpful in differentiating fungal sinusitis from other types of chronic inflammatory lesions.

  11. Maxillary sinus marrow hyperplasia in sickle cell anemia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marrow hyperplasia is a sequela of sickle cell anemia (SCA) and may be seen in the skull in children after 5 years of age. The facial bones, except for the mandible and orbits, are usually not involved. We report an unusual case of a 28-month-old black boy with SCA who presented with extensive marrow hyperplasia of the maxillary sinuses in addition to severe calvarial and mandibular changes. The imaging characteristics on CT (similar to other sites of marrow hyperplasia) and MR (low signal on both T1 and T2 sequences) should aid in making the correct diagnosis. (orig.)

  12. Myxofibrosarcoma of the maxillary sinus: a case report.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castro-Macia O, Rodriguez-Acevedo N, Alonso-Párraga D, Pérez-Pedrosa A, Quintana-Sanjuas A, Hamdan-Zabarce M, Meléndez-Garcia JM

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Myxofibrosarcoma, also known as myxoid variant of malignant fibrosis histiocytoma, is often located in the extremities and retroperitoneum of adult males. Its incidence in the ENT area is very low, therefore its diagnosis is often complicated. It has a high rate of local recurrence, although it has low rate of distant metastases. The only effective treatment is complete surgical resection, with little response to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. We present the case of a high-grade myxofibrosarcoma of the left maxillary sinus and nasal cavity, wich we treated with surgery and chemoradiation, but with bad clinical evolution.

  13. CT findings of malignant tumors of maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT findings of histologically proven malignant tumors of maxillary sinus in 36 patients were retrospectively analyzed. A variety of malignant tumors were included; 27 cases of squamous cell carcinoma, 3 malignant lymphomas, 2 malignant melanomas, 2 rhabdomyosarcomas, and chondrosarcoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, and malignant ameloblastoma. CT staging was T4 in 19 cases, T3 in 16 cases and T2 in 1 case. The most common involved area beyond maxillary antrum was nasal cavity (25 cases), followed by ethmoid sinus (20 cases), orbit (19 cases), infratemporal fossa (17 cases), check skin (13 cases), pterygopalatine fossa (10 cases), and nasopharynx (6 cases). Skeletal destruction was seen in medial wall of antrum (31 cases), posterior wall of antrum (25 cases), anterior wall of antrum (23 cases), roof of antrum (19 cases), lamina papyracea (6 cases), and lateral wall of orbit (5 cases) in that order of frequency. Lymph node metastases were found in 2 cases of malignant melanoma, 2 cases of malignant lymphoma, and chondrosarcoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and malignant ameloblastoma. Predilection site of lymph node involvement was submandibular (3 cases), internal jugular (2 cases), parotid (2 cases), and retropharyngeal node (1 case)

  14. A Radiologic Study of the Relationship of the Maxillary Sinus Floor and Apex of the Maxillary Molar

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this study, radiographic evaluation was made using panoramic radiography and cross-sectional tomography of SCANORA in male and female adults in their 20 s on the relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the apex of the maxillary molar, to test the accuracy and effectiveness of the cross-sectional tomography, and to use this information in the assessment of preop, and postop, root canal treatment, apical surgery, extraction and implantology. Forty-one adults with an average age of 24.4 years were studied panoramic radiography and cross-sectional tomography. In panoramic view and cross-sectional view, the position of the apices of maxillary molars were classified as separated, contacted, or protruded type; the general shape of the maxillary sinus floor was evaluated horizontally and vertically from cross-sectional tomography. The accuracy of each radiography was tested using maxilla from 5 fresh cadavers from the Anatomy Lab at Yonsei University Dental College, and panoramic view and cross-sectional tomography were taken in the same condition as with the patients. The results were as follows ; 1. Panoramic view and cross-sectional view were taken in the maxilla specimen, and the actual distance between the maxillary sinus floor and the tooth apices were measured in the specimen; the median values of the distance from the tooth apices to the maxillary sinus floor in the panoramic view, cross-sectional view and in the accrual maxilla specimen were 2.83 mm, 4. accrual maxilla specimen were 2.83 mm, 4.51 mm, and 4.15 mm, respectively. In the cross-sectional view, the measured distance was close to the actual distance but in the panoramic view, the measured distance was far from the actual distance. 2. When the results of the panoramic view and cross-sectional view were compared, 40.5% of the results agreed with each other in the two radiographic methods and buccal roots of the 2nd molar were the closest to the maxillary sinus floor in the cross-sectional tomography.3. In cross-sectional view, when the vertical relationship of the maxillary sinus floor and maxillary roots was assessed, in 1st molars, type II (the sinus floor that extends down to the buccolingual furcation area) was predominant, while in 2nd molars, type I (the sinus floor located above the level connecting the buccal and lingual apices) was predominant. In the horizontal relationship, in 1st olars, type II (ths lowest floor of the maxillary sinus located in between the buccal and lingual roots) was predominant; in 2nd molars, type I (the lowest floor of the maxillary sinus located on the buccal side of the buccal roots) and type II appeared in similar frequency. In conclusion, the SCANORA cross-sectional tomography was more effective than the frequently used panoramic view, in that the relationship of the maxillary molars and maxillary sinus floor can be evaluated more accurately and the buccolingual cross-sectional view can also be observed. And maxillary sinus floor that was close to maxillary 2nd molar had tendency to be located on buccal side than that close to 1st molar. Therefore, cross-sectional tomography is an effective and accurate method to evaluate the position of the teeth in relation to the sinus floor preoperative and can be easily used to diagnose localized periapical lesions. Also the image quality obtained was quite satisfactory.

  15. A radiographic study of experimentally produced bone defects in the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of radiographs in detecting experimental bony defect in the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus. For this study, experimentally five skulls were used, the bony defects with a diameter of 5 mm were created at different locations in the posterior wall of the right maxillary sinus and the bony defects of 10 mm were created at different locations in the posterior wall on left maxillary sinus. Panoramic view, panoramic sinus view, water's view, and computed tomogram were taken and the results analyzed. The obtained results were as follows : 1. The panoramic view was superior to the panoramic sinus view in detecting the bony defects in the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus. 2. Panoramic view, panoramic sinus view, and waters' view were limitation to the detection of the bony defects in the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus. 3. All the bony defects in the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus were excellently visualized on the computed tomogram.

  16. A Case Report of Maxillary Sinus Mucocele and Its Endoscopic Therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Shayani Nasab

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Maxillary sinus mucocele is very rare in the Para nasal sinuses and sinus surgery e.g. Caldwell-luk surgery is the most common its etiology and other causes are congenital ,mucosal retention , inflammatory , infectious and post traumatic. This study reports one case maxillary sinus mucocele with expansion to nasal cavity in 55 years old man that was undergone endoscopic sinus surgery and then fallowed up for 9months that middle meatal antrostomy was patent and patient reported resolution of symptoms and hadn’t recurrence.

  17. CT findings of change of the maxillary sinus after caldwell-luc operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study describes the CT findings of changes in the maxillary sinus after the Caldwell-Luc procedure. The maxillary sinus-related findings in 35 cases among 20 patients (17 cases in 10 males and 18 cases in 10 females) who had undergone the Caldwell-Luc procedure mean 14.6 years earlier were reviewed. CT scans were obtained in the axial and coronal planes, with 5mm thickness. By means of the T test, changes in the size of the bony wall of the maxillary sinus, as well as antral volume change, were compared with normal maxillary sinus group (41 male and 23 female cases). Males and females were compared separately, and surgical bony defect of naso-labial antrotomy and nasoantral window, fibro-osseous proliferation, compartmentation and mucosal thickening of the postoperative maxillary sinus were evaluated, as were findings of chronic or recurrent maxillary sinusitis and postoperative complications. Naso-labial antrotomy was clearly identified in 27 of 35 cases, and irregular bony surface in the remaining eight, as were 27 bony defects and one irregular bony margin among a total of 28 cases of nasoantral window. Due to shortening of the height of the orbit, reductions in maxillary width, nasoantral communication width and anteroposterior diameter of the maxilla, and widening of the width of the inferior meatus, the maxillary sinus tended to become hypoplastic and centripetally contracted. Reduced cavitary volume of the maxillary sinus was noted (p less than 0.05), and y sinus was noted (p less than 0.05), and fibro-osseous proliferation (n=3D29), compartmentation (n=3D11), and mucosal thickening (n=3D22) of the postoperative maxillary sinus were also seen. There were findings of chronic sinusitis (n=3D22), as well as complications of postoperative mucocele (n=3D3) and oroantral fistula (n=3D2) of the maxillary sinus. The characteristic maxillary sinus-related findings seen after the Caldwell-Luc procedure are helpful in distinguishing postoperative change from recurrent paranasal diseases and resulting complications. (author)

  18. A study on morphology of maxillary sinus by using the orthopantomograms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was performed in order to analyse the morphology of maxillary sinus on orthopantomogram. The author analysed the anterior-posterior width of mesial wall, the extension of anterior margin in maxillary sinus and the interrelation between the root apex of maxillary 1st molar and sinus floor. The films consisted of 514 orthopantomograms divided into three groups ranging the 3rd decade, 4th and 5th decade and 6th decade. The obtained results were as follows: 1. The mean dimensions of the anterior-posterior width of mesial wall were 43.81 ± 4.55 mm for male and 43.80 ± 4.49 mm for female in the right of maxillary sinus, 43.75 ± 4.74 mm for male and 43.37 ± 3.92 mm for female. 2. With age, the dimensional change of the anterior-posterior width of mesial wall in maxillary sinus was not observed. 3. The extension order of anterior margin of the maxillary sinus was distal to canine side, 1st premolar mesial side, canine mesial side, and 1st premolar distal side. 4. In the distance between the root apex of upper 1st molar and the maxillary sinus floor, the degree of closeness was more increased in the older-aged group than in the younger-aged group.

  19. A pitfall in treatment planning for maxillary sinus tumor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Typical treatment techniques are evaluated with a couple of humanoid phantom and TLD rods. Arbitary score is estimated at every measured point according to the three dimensional anatomical arrangement in the phantom, in order to evaluate the efficacy of each treatment plan. The excellent score is achieved by the technique with combination of 2-p wedge pair for maxillary sinus and 15 MeV electron for ethmoid sinus and adjacent nasal cavity. The second best is the 3-axial conformal plan, followed by oblique irregular wedge plan and the single axial conformal technique: the series of mono block wedge pair techniques are rather poor in dose efficacy. The existence of an underspot in the ethmoid sinus in the combination technique indicates that a careful consideration has to be given to the energy level of electron beam and the anatomical localization of the target volume. Differences between measured doses and planned doses are large: 5 to 13 % in the three dimensional dose distribution. (author)

  20. Clear cell calcifying epithelial odontogenic (Pindborg) tumor involving the maxillary sinus: A case report and review of literature

    OpenAIRE

    Sahni, Priya; Nayak, Meghanand T.; Singhvi, Abhishek; Sharma, Jayanti

    2012-01-01

    Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT) is a rare benign odontogenic neoplasm of the jaws, accounting for less than 3% of all odontogenic tumors. It rarely extends into the maxillary sinus. Till date, six cases involving maxillary sinus have been reported. In this paper, we report the seventh case of a 52-year-old male with CEOT in maxilla extending from distal surface of the right maxillary canine to retromolar area and involving maxillary sinus with no association with impacted teeth...

  1. Near-infrared imaging of the sinuses: preliminary evaluation of a new technology for diagnosing maxillary sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmood, Usama; Cerussi, Albert; Dehdari, Reza; Nguyen, Quoc; Kelley, Timothy; Tromberg, Bruce; Wong, Brian

    2010-05-01

    Diagnosing sinusitis remains a challenge for primary care physicians. There is a need for a simple, office-based technique to aid in the diagnosis of sinusitis without the cost and radiation risk of conventional radiologic imaging. We designed a low-cost near-infrared (NIR) device to transilluminate the maxillary sinuses. The use of NIR light allows for greater interrogation of deep-tissue structures as compared to visible light. NIR imaging of 21 patients was performed and compared with computed tomography (CT) scans. Individual maxillary sinuses were scored on a scale from 0 to 2 based on their degree of aeration present on CT and similarly based on the NIR signal penetration into the maxilla on NIR images. Our results showed that air-filled and fluid/tissue-filled spaces can be reasonably distinguished by their differing NIR signal penetration patterns, with average NIR imaging scores for fluid-filled maxillary sinuses (0.93+/-0.78, n=29) significantly lower than those for normal maxillary sinuses (1.62+/-0.57, n=13) (p=0.003). NIR imaging of the sinuses is a simple, safe, and cost-effective modality that can potentially aid in the diagnosis of sinusitis. Long-term, significant device refinement and large clinical trials will be needed to determine the diagnostic accuracy of this technique.

  2. CT findings of change of the maxillary sinus after caldwell-luc operation

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    Im, Ju Hyeon; Kim, Sun Su; Kim, Jong An; Moon, Un Hyeon; Kim, Se Jong; Park, Byung Ran; Kim, Byung Geun [Department of Radiology, Kwangju Christian Hospital, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of); Kang, In Young [Department of Radiology, Kwangju Green Cross Hospital, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of); Ko, Kang Seok [College of Medicine, Chosun University, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-03-01

    This study describes the CT findings of changes in the maxillary sinus after the Caldwell-Luc procedure. The maxillary sinus-related findings in 35 cases among 20 patients (17 cases in 10 males and 18 cases in 10 females) who had undergone the Caldwell-Luc procedure mean 14.6 years earlier were reviewed. CT scans were obtained in the axial and coronal planes, with 5mm thickness. By means of the T test, changes in the size of the bony wall of the maxillary sinus, as well as antral volume change, were compared with normal maxillary sinus group (41 male and 23 female cases). Males and females were compared separately, and surgical bony defect of naso-labial antrotomy and nasoantral window, fibro-osseous proliferation, compartmentation and mucosal thickening of the postoperative maxillary sinus were evaluated, as were findings of chronic or recurrent maxillary sinusitis and postoperative complications. Naso-labial antrotomy was clearly identified in 27 of 35 cases, and irregular bony surface in the remaining eight, as were 27 bony defects and one irregular bony margin among a total of 28 cases of nasoantral window. Due to shortening of the height of the orbit, reductions in maxillary width, nasoantral communication width and anteroposterior diameter of the maxilla, and widening of the width of the inferior meatus, the maxillary sinus tended to become hypoplastic and centripetally contracted. Reduced cavitary volume of the maxillary sinus was noted (p less than 0.05), and fibro-osseous proliferation (n=3D29), compartmentation (n=3D11), and mucosal thickening (n=3D22) of the postoperative maxillary sinus were also seen. There were findings of chronic sinusitis (n=3D22), as well as complications of postoperative mucocele (n=3D3) and oroantral fistula (n=3D2) of the maxillary sinus. The characteristic maxillary sinus-related findings seen after the Caldwell-Luc procedure are helpful in distinguishing postoperative change from recurrent paranasal diseases and resulting complications. (author)

  3. Experimental study on penetration of dental implants into the maxillary sinus in different depths

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Weijian, ZHONG; Binke, CHEN; Xin, LIANG; Guowu, MA.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The exposing of dental implant into the maxillary sinus combined with membrane perforation might increase risks of implant failure and sinus complications. Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the dental implant penetration into the maxillary sinus cavity in diffe [...] rent depths on osseointegration and sinus health in a dog model. Material and Methods: Sixteen titanium implants were placed in the bilateral maxillary molar areas of eight adult mongrel dogs, which were randomly divided into four groups according to the different penetrating extents of implants into the sinus cavities (group A: 0 mm; group B: 1 mm; group C: 2 mm; group D: 3 mm). The block biopsies were harvested five months after surgery and evaluated by radiographic observation and histological analysis. Results: No signs of inflammatory reactions were observed in any maxillary sinus of the eight dogs. The tips of the implants with penetrating depth of 1 mm and 2 mm were found to be fully covered with newly formed membrane and partially with new bone. The tips of the implants with penetrating depth over 3 mm were exposed in the sinus cavity and showed no membrane or bone coverage. No significant differences were found among groups regarding implant stability, bone-to-implant contact (BIC) and bone area in the implant threads (BA). Conclusions: Despite the protrusion extents, penetration of dental implant into the maxillary sinus with membrane perforation does not compromise the sinus health and the implant osseointegration in canine.

  4. Radiotherapy of maxillary sinuses carcinoma: state of art

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maxillary sinus carcinomas are rare malignancies of the face, characterized by high local relapsing rate. Modalities of treatment are without consensus and respective roles of radiation therapy and surgery remain controversial. As those malignancies are often diagnosed at locally advanced stage, radiation therapy may frequently be used for patients having unresectable advanced disease. Nevertheless, surgery remains treatment of choice for more localized malignancies, in association with systematic postoperative radiotherapy. For those patients whose prognosis remains pejorative, it is necessary to precise the role of radiotherapy in first intention for inoperable tumors, to define necessity for nodal treatment performing and evaluate the place of neo-adjuvant or concomitant chemotherapy in a multimodal strategy. (authors)

  5. Sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography in diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis as compared to antral lavage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To compare the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis as compared to antral lavage. Study Design: Validation study Place and duration: Otolaryngology Department Combined Military Hospital Rawalpindi from first March 07 to 28 February 2008. Patients and Methods: Consenting 60 patients diagnosed clinically as a case of sinusitis, presenting in ENT OPD during the study period fitting the inclusion criteria were selected. Ultrasonography of maxillary sinuses focusing on fluid level was done of all the patients. After ultrasonography all the patients had an antral lavage with isotonic saline to look for mucopurulent discharge. Sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography was evaluated in diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis. Results: The sensitivity of ultrasonography in diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis taking antral lavage as Gold Standard was very low 35.89 %. The specificity of ultrasonography in diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis taking antral lavage as Gold Standard is good i.e. 80.95%. Conclusion: Ultrasonography has low sensitivity but high specificity in diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis. (author)

  6. PENETRATING KNIFE IN THE MAXILLARY SINUS: REPORT OF A RARE CASE.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Nirmala Suganthakumar

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Presence of foreign bodies in the paranasal sinuses are not common findings.Many cases have been reported so far with foreign bodies like dental amalgam, chopsticks, gutta percha pellets, tooth, glue and even bullets. However, presence of foreign bodies in the maxillary sinus as a result of penetrating trauma is uncommon. Mostof them have been the results of trauma after vehicle accidents, gunshot injuries and assaults. There are two treatment options – endoscopic and open surgical approach for theremoval of sinus foreign bodies. We present a rare case of the transfacial penetrating injuries of maxillary sinus caused by a knife.

  7. Role of Modified Endoscopic Medial Maxillectomy in Persistent Chronic Maxillary Sinusitis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ponnaiah, Thulasidas; Venkatraman, Vaidyanathan.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Functional endoscopic sinus surgery has a long-term high rate of success for symptomatic improvement in patients with medically refractory chronic rhinosinusitis. As the popularity of the technique continues to grow, however, so does the population of patients with postsurgical persis [...] tent sinus disease, especially in those with a large window for ventilation and drainage. In addition, chronic infections of the sinuses especially fungal sinusitis have a higher incidence of recurrence even though a wide maxillary ostium had been performed earlier. This subset of patients often represents a challenge to the otorhinolaryngologist. Objectives To identify the patients with chronic recalcitrant maxillary sinusitis and devise treatment protocols for this subset of patients. Methods A retrospective review was done of all patients with persistent maxillary sinus disease who had undergone modified endoscopic medial maxillectomy between 2009 and 2012. We studied patient demographics, previous surgical history, and follow-up details and categorized the types of endoscopic medial maxillectomies performed in different disease situations. Results We performed modified endoscopic medial maxillectomies in 37 maxillary sinuses of 24 patients. The average age was 43.83 years. Average follow-up was 14.58 months. All patients had good disease control in postoperative visits with no clinical evidence of recurrences. Conclusion Modified endoscopic medial maxillectomy appears to be an effective surgery for treatment of chronic, recalcitrant maxillary sinusitis.

  8. Radiographic study on maxillary sinus development and nasal septum deviation in cleft palate patient

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was designed to investigate the effects of the maxillary sinus development and nasal septum deviation on diseases of maxillary sinus with cleft palate. The materials was 152 cephalometric Waters' projections consist of 76 cleft patients and 76 normal subjects. The results were as follows: 1. The disease of maxillary sinus was present in 49% of a cleft group and 14% of a control group, and prevalent in cleft side. 2. It showed no statistically significant difference in size of the maxillary sinus in cleft palate patients compared to the control population and in the cleft side to the noncleft side (p<0.05). 3. Nasal septum deviation was more severe in the cleft patient its average value was 3.55mm, compared to the control group, 0.99 mm (p<0.01) and 77% of the deviated nasal septum was deviated to the cleft side.

  9. Accidental Entry of Foreign Body in Maxillary Sinus—A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nishant Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Extraction of the first molar or premolar is the commonest cause of oro-antral fistula. Management involves identification of the same, removal of any foreign body from the maxillary sinus, if present, followed by appropriate flap for closer. A case is presented when a gutta percha (GP point was accidentally dislodged into the right maxillary sinus during preliminary diagnosis of the oro-antral fistula. The surgical management of the case is described and is the appropriate treatment plan.

  10. Evaluation of the posterior superior alveolar artery and the maxillary sinus with CBCT

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Dilhan, Ilguy; Mehmet, Ilguy; Semanur, Dolekoglu; Erdogan, Fisekcioglu.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Assessment of the maxillary sinus anatomy before sinus augmentation is important for avoiding surgical complications, because of the close anatomical relationship between the posterior maxillary teeth and the maxillary sinus. The posterior superior alveolar artery (PSAA) is the branch of the maxilla [...] ry artery that supplies the lateral sinus wall and overlying membrane. We evaluated the location of the PSAA and its relationship to the alveolar ridge and maxillary sinus using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). The study group consisted of 135 CBCT scans (270 sinuses) obtained from the archive of the dentomaxillofacial radiology department at Yeditepe University Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul, Turkey. The distance between the lower border of the artery and the alveolar crest, bone height from the sinus floor to the ridge crest, distance from the artery to the medial sinus wall, and the diameter and location of the artery were determined. The occurrence of septa and pathology were recorded from CBCT scans. The PSAA was observed in 89.3% of sinuses, and 71.1% of arteries were intraosseous with diameters mostly

  11. Does hyrax expansion therapy affect maxillary sinus volume? A cone-beam computed tomography report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was to investigate the initial effects of maxillary expansion therapy with Hyrax appliance and to evaluate the related changes in maxillary sinus volume. Thirty patients (20 females, 10 males; 13.8 years) requiring maxillary expansion therapy, as part of their comprehensive orthodontic treatment, were examined. Each patient had cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images taken before (T1) and after (T2) maxillary expansion therapy with a banded Hyrax appliance. Multiplanar slices were used to measure linear dimensions and palatal vault angle. Volumetric analysis was used to measure maxillary sinus volumes. Student t tests were used to compare the pre- and post-treatment measurements. Additionally, differences between two age groups were compared with Mann-Whitney U test. The level of significance was set at p=0.05. Comparison of pre-treatment to post-treatment variables revealed significant changes in the transverse dimension related to both maxillary skeletal and dental structures and palatal vault angle, resulting in a widened palatal vault (p<0.05). Hard palate showed no significant movement in the vertical and anteroposterior planes. Nasal cavity width increased on a mean value of 0.93 mm(SD=0.23, p<0.05). Maxillary sinus volume remained virtually stable. No significant age differences were observed in the sample. Hyrax expansion therapy did not have a significant impact on maxillary sinus volume.

  12. Does hyrax expansion therapy affect maxillary sinus volume? A cone-beam computed tomography report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Darsey, Drew M.; English, Jeryl D.; Ellis, Randy K.; Akyalcin, Sercan [School of Dentistry, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston (United States); Kau, Chung H [School of Dentistry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham (United States)

    2012-06-15

    The aim of this study was to investigate the initial effects of maxillary expansion therapy with Hyrax appliance and to evaluate the related changes in maxillary sinus volume. Thirty patients (20 females, 10 males; 13.8 years) requiring maxillary expansion therapy, as part of their comprehensive orthodontic treatment, were examined. Each patient had cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images taken before (T1) and after (T2) maxillary expansion therapy with a banded Hyrax appliance. Multiplanar slices were used to measure linear dimensions and palatal vault angle. Volumetric analysis was used to measure maxillary sinus volumes. Student t tests were used to compare the pre- and post-treatment measurements. Additionally, differences between two age groups were compared with Mann-Whitney U test. The level of significance was set at p=0.05. Comparison of pre-treatment to post-treatment variables revealed significant changes in the transverse dimension related to both maxillary skeletal and dental structures and palatal vault angle, resulting in a widened palatal vault (p<0.05). Hard palate showed no significant movement in the vertical and anteroposterior planes. Nasal cavity width increased on a mean value of 0.93 mm(SD=0.23, p<0.05). Maxillary sinus volume remained virtually stable. No significant age differences were observed in the sample. Hyrax expansion therapy did not have a significant impact on maxillary sinus volume.

  13. A radiographic study of the experimental lesions in the maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to examine the differences in representation of a globular radiopaque mass on the pantomograms and Waters' views and to compare the efficacy of periapical radiograms, pantomograms and Waters' views in detection of defects on the internal walls of the maxillary sinus. This study was performed with dried human skull. For the study of difference of radiopaque mass shadow in the two views, rubber ball with a diameter of 10mm was used as the experimental lesion. It was placed successively on the internal wall of the anterior, posterior, medial, lateral walls and floor of the maxillary sinus. To examine the detectability of defects for radiographic techniques, defects were formed in the anterior, posterior, medial, lateral walls, and floor of the maxillary sinus. They were formed with 0.5 mm, 0.75 mm, 1.0 mm, 2.0 mm and 3.0 mm sized steel round burs with a slow speed dental handpiece. By subsequently plugging the holes with zinc oxide eugenol paste, radiopaque defects were produced. After that the periapical radiograms, the pantomograms and the Waters' views were taken each and every defect. The obtained results were as follows: 1. Rubber balls placed on each internal wall of maxillary sinus were correctly depicted on the posterior wall and the floor in case of the pantomogram, and on the anterior wall and the medial wall in case of the Waters' view. 2. On the detectability of defects for each radiographic technique, radiolucent defects were dehic technique, radiolucent defects were detected in different places of each technique. Periapical radiogram could detect 1.0 mm defect on the floor of the maxillary sinus, pantomogram could detect 2.0 mm defect on every internal wall of the maxillary sinus, and Waters' view could detect 3.0 mm defect on the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus. 3. On the detectability of defects for each radiographic technique, radiopaque defects were detected in different places for each technique. Periapical radiogram could clearly detect 0.5 mm defect on the floor of the maxillary sinus, pantomogram could detect 0.5 mm defect on every internal wall of the maxillary sinus, and finally Waters' view could detect 0.5 mm defect on the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus but 0.75 mm defect on the anterior wall, lateral wall, lateral wall and floor of the maxillary sinus. As the result, the periapical radiogram is the most simple and satisfactory method for investigating in the maxillary sinus. The pantomogram is suitable method for screening of changes in the maxillary sinus. And the Waters' view is available for detect of lesion in the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus. For the purpose of accurate diagnosis and evaluation of lesion in the maxillary sinus, these techniques supplement each other.

  14. [Primary melanoma of the nasal and paranasal sinus mucosa].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ra?kov, S; Avramov, T; Despotov, O

    2001-01-01

    The authors make short review on the one of most malignant neoplasms in human pathology--its incidence, ethiology, pathogenesis, clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatment and prognostic features. We present a clinical case from our practice--a melanoma of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses--a rare localization. Melanocarcinomas of the mucous membranes of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses are almost uniformly fatal. Undoubtedly some of the contributory reasons for their grave prognosis are the delay in detection and in accurate histologic diagnosis, the frequent injudicious therapy, the difficulties in adequate operative removal. Melanomas o mucous membranes may arise in mucosa lined by either normally present, or metaplastic stratified squamous epithelium. PMID:12024680

  15. Morphological study of the maxillary sinus using three-dimensional reconstruction of the tomographic images

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A morphological study of the maxillary sinus using the computerized three-dimensional reconstruction of the tomographic images was made. Materials of this study were 86 adult dry skulls of the Second Department of Oral Anatomy of Fukuoka Dental College. The results were as follows: 1. A tomographic apparatus which could select varius X-ray tube shifts was used. The hypocycloidal shift was the best for the tomography of the maxillary sinus. 2. In the tomographs of the maxillary sinus, the images of some sections in the maximum cross-section area presented real shapes. However, the images of other sections were indistinct and influenced by the shape of the maximum cross-section. 3. Reconstruction of the tomographic images of the maxillary sinus by computer made it easy and precise to recognize the three-dimensional image. 4. The dimensions in the maximum cross-section of the maxillary sinus of the 86 adult dry skulls obtained from the reconstructed three-dimensional images were 4.59 ± 1.26 cm2 in frontal, 5.21 ± 1.36 cm2 in transversal and 8.09 ± 1.82 cm2 in sagittal tomographs. The majority of the skulls were symmetry, and a few were asymmetry in correlation between the right and left side sinuses. 5. According to the reconstructed three-dimensional images the shapes of the maxillary sinus of the 86 adult dry skulls were classified into 10 types in frontal, 4 types in transversal and 8 types in sagittal tomographs. The most familiar sagittal tomographs. The most familiar shape was triangular in frontal, trapezoidal in sagittal and triangular in transversal tomographs. 6. The dimension and shape of the maxillary sinus had no correlation with the frontal width of the nasal cavity. (author)

  16. A case report of an inverted papilloma infiltrating into maxillary sinus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ji, Yong Hwa; Choi, Bo Ram; Huh, Kyung Hoe; Lee, Sam Sun [School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); An, Chang Hyeon [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-06-15

    The present study reports a case of inverted papilloma of the nasal cavity and infiltrating into the maxillary sinus. Inverted papilloma is an uncommon and locally aggressive benign tumor of the sinonasal region. The patient, 51-year-old male, presented with unilateral nasal obstruction and periodic swelling on the palate without pain. Enhanced CT scan revealed a heterogeneously enhancing solid mass in the nasal cavity and infiltrating into the right maxillary sinus, as well as an incidental, secondarily infected residual cyst in the periapical area of the right maxillary canine. The sinonasal mass was revealed as an inverted papilloma on histopathologic examination.

  17. A case report of incidental finding of fungus ball on CBCT of maxillary sinus in treatment planning of dental implant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report was to show the radiographic appearances of the fungus ball in a paranasal sinus and to emphasize the scan area of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to detect the calcification in the paranasal sinus. A seventy four-year-old woman visited our department for the implant rehabilitation at both maxillary posterior edentulous region. Pre-operative radiographic examinations including the panoramic, CBCT, and multidector CT images were taken. An opacification in the right maxillary sinus was observed on the multiplanar image of CBCT, however the pre-determined scan area of CBCT in this report hardly showed the calcifications at the central portion of the maxillary sinus. The opacification in the maxillary sinus could be misdiagnosed as chronic maxillary sinusitis if the calcification of fungus ball was not simultaneously detected. The scan area of pre-operative CBCT needs to be enough to scan the paranasal sinus from top to bottom.

  18. Hemangioma of the Maxillary Sinus Presenting as a Mass: CT and MR Features

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Won Sang; Yoo, Chang Young; Park, Yong-Jin; Ihn, Yon Kwon

    2015-01-01

    Hemangiomas of the sinonasal tract are rare, and because these lesions lack the typical signs or symptoms, they can be confused with other malignant conditions. We report a case of cavernous hemangioma of the maxillary sinus in a 68-year-old man that was completely resected by endoscopic sinus surgery. Although computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed several enhancing areas within the tumor, the substantial bone erosion and remodeling made it difficult to differentiate this cavernous hemangioma from other expansile maxillary sinus lesions. We present the CT and MR findings of this lesion and discuss the differential diagnoses and potential therapeutic approaches. PMID:25901262

  19. Comparison of panoramic radiography and cone beam computed tomography for assessing the relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and maxillary molars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study compared panoramic radiography and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) for evaluating the relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the roots of maxillary molars. Paired panoramic radiographs and CBCT images from 97 subjects were analysed. This analysis classified 388 maxillary molars according to their relationship to the maxillary sinus floor on panoramic radiograph and CBCT. Correlations between these two radiographic techniques were examined. Maxillary molar roots that were separate from the sinus floor showed the same classification in 100% of the cases when using these two imaging techniques. The corresponding percentage for such roots that were in contact with the sinus floor was 75%. When roots overlapped the maxillary sinus floor on panoramic radiographs, only 26.4% of maxillary first molars and 60.0% of second molars showed protrusion of roots into the sinus with CBCT. The results of the study suggest that roots projecting into the sinus on panoramic radiographs require a three-dimensional image in order to analyze the proximity of their apex to the sinus floor.

  20. Surgical treatment of Aspergillus mycetomas of the maxillary sinus: review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Fabio; Polini, Francesco; Zerman, Nicoletta; Robiony, Massimo; Toro, Corrado; Politi, Massimo

    2007-06-01

    The present study reviews the literature concerning the surgical treatment of Aspergillus mycetoma (AM) in the last 20 years to identify a gold standard surgical technique. Aspergillus mycetoma of the maxillary sinus, or mycetoma (fungus ball), is a noninvasive or extramucosal mycotic infection. Surgical removal of the sinus fungal masses to ensure drainage and aeration is performed using the traditional Caldwell-Luc (CL) procedure or endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). Results of this review suggest that the gold standard surgical technique for AM is ESS with middle meatal antrostomy. General or local antifungal drugs are not indicated. Combined approach with an intraoral surgical access from the anterolateral wall of the maxillary sinus has to be reserved for selected cases in which ESS doesn't permit complete extraction of all fungal concretions or foreign bodies. The CL procedure should be avoided, because it has detrimental consequences for sinus physiology. PMID:17449289

  1. Evaluation of the maxillary sinus and adjacent structures on the orthopantomograph to the head positions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utilization of the orthopantomogrph as a diagnostic aid to observe maxillary sinus and adjacent structures. For achieving this goal, the lead plates were attached to the five walls of the maxillary sinus of a human dry skull. The dry skull was placed in fourteen different positions ; standard, 20 mm forward, 20 mm backward, 10 degree upward, 10 degree downward, 20 mm lateral, forward and upward, forward and lateral, backward and upward, backward and downward, backward and lateral, upward and lateral, downward and lateral position. The obtained results were as follows: 1. The image of the medial wall was observed very differently according to the head positions. 2. The image of the anterior wall was observed at medial third to half of the maxillary sinus in each head position. 3. The image of the posterior wall was always observed at lateral third of the maxillary sinus in all head positions and more obviously in the downward-lateral position. 4. The image of the superior wall was observed at the inferior third to half of the orbit in each head position. 5. The image of the inferior wall was always observed at the inferior third of maxillary sinus in all head positions and observed more obviously in the standard and downward-lateral positions. 6. The image of the zygomatic process, zygomatic arch and zygomaticotemporal suture were observed very well in the downward-lateral position.

  2. Virtual planning and construction of prototyped surgical guide in implant surgery with maxillary sinus bone graft

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Renato Jahjah Cunha, Martins; Henrique Manoel, Lederman.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of associating techniques of bone grafting in the maxillary sinus with the use of a prototyped surgical guide for planning and positioning dental implants in total edentulous maxillae, rehabilitated after six months. METHODS: Eight patients consecutives with totally [...] edentulous maxilla presenting few remaining bone in the posterior alveolar ridge, associated with pneumatization of the maxillary sinus were selected. Twenty eight Brånemark RP 10mm implants were installed in 14 maxillary sinuses. The surgical planning for the implant installation was performed with the DentalSlice software by means of a computerized tomography. The obtained images were used for building a surgical guide that, placed over the maxilla, showed the exact position for the implants installation (prototyped surgical guide). The portion of the implants that went into the maxillary sinus was covered by an autogenous bone graft. RESULTS: The patients were re-evaluated six months after the surgery and a 100% success rate was achieved. All of the implants presented no mobility or symptoms, permitting an oral rehabilitation with total fixed screw-retained prosthesis over the implants. CONCLUSION: The technique of associating implants and bone graft in the maxillary sinus aided by a prototyped guide planned on DentalSlice has showed itself efficient for positioning implants and for quantifying and locating the bone graft.

  3. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour of the maxillary sinus: CT and MRI findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: To characterize the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours (IMTs) of the maxillary sinus. Materials and methods: The imaging findings of eight patients with IMTs of the maxillary sinus were reviewed retrospectively. Of the eight patients, four patients underwent unenhanced and contrast-enhanced CT, and one patient underwent unenhanced CT only; three patients underwent unenhanced and contrast-enhanced MRI. Results: Five cases of IMTs occurred in the left maxillary sinus, while three cases were right-sided. Four cases occupied the entire sinus, and the other four cases only partially occupied the sinus. Unenhanced CT images showed heterogeneous masses in four cases and a homogeneous mass in one case. One of the tumours showed some areas of calcification. T1-weighted MRI images showed isointense lesions. T2-weighted images showed mixed isointense and mild hyperintense lesions. All cases showed bone destruction and had infiltrated into the nasal fossa, orbit, infratemporal fossa, and other adjacent tissues. Seven cases showed mild to moderate heterogeneous enhancement on contrast-enhanced CT or T1-weighted MRI images. Conclusion: IMTs of the maxillary sinus can be characterized as a soft-tissue mass with bony destruction and infiltration of the adjacent tissues, with mild to moderate enhancement after the injection of contrast medium. CT and MRI can help to diagnose IMTs, determine the extent of to diagnose IMTs, determine the extent of the lesion and its relationship with adjacent tissues, and thus facilitate the prediction of surgical resectability.

  4. A radiographic study on the morphology of the maxillary sinus in adolescents and adults

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was radiographic analysis of the morphology of maxillary sinus in adolescents and adults. In order to analyze the morphology of maxillary sinus in view point of anteroposterior width of medial wall, vertical distance between antral floor and nasal floor level, anterior extension, distance between antral floor and maxillary 1st molar apex, and types of lower border of maxillary sinus, specialized maxillary projection and periapical view with paralleling technique was taken. The author examined orthopantomograms and intraoral standard views taken from 400 adolescents and adults ranged 15-65 years-old. The obtained results were as follows: 1. The antero-posterior width of medial wall of maxillary sinus was 32.80 mm in 15-19 year-old group, 33.86 mm in 20-24 year-old group, 34.09 mm in 25-29 year-old group, and 33.67 mm in 30-65 year-old group, and left maxillary sinus was somewhat smaller than the right. 2. The vertical distance between antral floor and nasal floor level was 8.49 mm in 15-19 year-old group, 9.05 mm i n 20-24 year-old group, 8.95 mm in 25-29 year-old group, and 8.32 mm in 30-65 year-old group. 3. The order of anterior extension of maxillary sinus were distal half of canine, mesial half of canine, mesial half of 1st premolar, and distal half of 1st premolar. 4. The distance between antral floor and maxillary 1st molar were 4.36 mm in 15-19 year-old group, 4.77 mm in 20-24 yea r-old group, 3.58 mm in 25-29 year-old group, and 2.33 3.58 mm in 25-29 year-old group, and 2.33 mm in 30-65 year-old group. 5. The order of the types of lower border of maxillary sinus were entire downward type, close type, partially downward type, waving type, separating type, and indistinct. In the types of antral floor, there was a tendency to increase the separating type with age.

  5. Absceso cerebral como complicación de sinusitis maxilar / Brain abscess as a complication of maxillary sinusitis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Karen Vanessa, Alvayero Mejía; Carlos, Marques de Carvalho; Aixa, Martínez Romero; María del Carmen, Luis Álvarez; Odette, Pantoja Pereda; Dayamí, Benítez Rodríguez.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available El absceso cerebral es una infección infrecuente en el niño, pero puede ser muy grave con riesgo para la vida aun con los avances diagnósticos y terapéuticos disponibles. Su presentación clínica varía en dependencia de la localización, y el diagnóstico requiere un alto índice de presunción, ya que p [...] uede presentarse como complicación de procesos infecciosos frecuentes en la infancia. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 5 años de edad, con un absceso cerebral frontal, secundario a sinusitis maxilar. Se describen las manifestaciones clínicas, resultados de exámenes complementarios y tratamiento. Abstract in english Brain abscess is an uncommon infection in the child, but it may represent a very serious life-threatening risk even if many diagnostic and therapeutic advances are available. Its clinical presentation depends on location and the diagnosis requires a lot of presumption since it may also appear as a c [...] omplication of frequent infectious processes in the childhood. This is the case of 5 years-old girl suffering frontal brain abscess secondary to maxillary sinusitis. The clinical manifestations, the results of supplementary tests and of the treatment were described.

  6. Displasia fibrosa de seno maxilar / Fibrous Dysplasia of Maxillary Sinus

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Cecilia, Parladé Formell; Yamily, González Cardona; Portelles Massó, Ayelén M; Julio O, Fuentes de la Rosa; Mirian, Vivar Bauzá.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available La displasia fibrosa fue descrita por Lichtenstein en 1938, es una enfermedad caracterizada por el reemplazo progresivo de tejido óseo normal por una proliferación de tejido conectivo fibroso, por su forma de presentación se clasifica en monostótica o poliostótica. La forma monostótica, localizada e [...] n la región craneofacial constituye solo el 10 % de los casos, se presenta con mayor frecuencia en el maxilar superior y puede afectar a huesos adyacentes como el cigomático, esfenoides y occipital. La degeneración sarcomatosa puede ocurrir en un 0,5 %. Se presenta el caso de una paciente femenina, de 37 años de edad, operada ocho años antes de displasia fibrosa en el Servicio de Cirugía Máxilofacial del Hospital Vladimir I. Lenin, que luego de su embarazo y parto presenta un aumento de volumen en área malar y maxilar izquierdos, a la que se le realiza biopsia que da como resultado una recidiva. Se le realiza cirugía remodelativa de pared anterior de seno maxilar, a través de una incisión de Weber-Ferguson, con buenos resultados estéticos y funcionales. Abstract in english Fibrous dysplasia was described by Lichtenstein in 1938, is a progressive disease characterized by replacement of normal bone tissue by proliferation of fibrous connective tissue, its presentation is classified in monostotic or polyostotic. The monostotic form, located in the craniofacial region con [...] stitutes only 10 % of cases, it occurs most frequently in the maxilla and adjacent bones can affect as the zygomatic, sphenoid and occipital. The sarcomatous degeneration can occur in 0.5 %. A 37-year-old female patient, who underwent fibrous dysplasia surgery eight years ago at Maxillofacial Surgery Department of Vladimir I. Lenin Hospital, which after the pregnancy and delivery presented a volume increase in malar and left area is presented in this paper, biopsy is performed whose results showed a recurrence. Remodeling surgery was performed of anterior wall of the maxillary sinus through a Weber-Ferguson incision with good cosmetic and functional results.

  7. Clinical Significance of Pathological and Anatomical Findings in Cone Beam CT Scans of the Maxillary Sinus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eunice Kihara

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To determine the range and prevalence of pathological conditions and demonstration of significant anatomical structures in the maxillary sinuses using the cone beam computerized tomographic (CBCT scan. Methodology: Case series of 60 CBCT scans of the maxillae. Results: Forty (67% of the scans were of female patients while the rest (20, 33% were of males. Remarkably, the majority of the scans were requested for those patients who sought dental implant fabrication. Overall, 35 (58% scans demonstrated pathological features while 8 (13% demonstrated significant anatomical structures. Pathological features included mucosal thickening in 26 (43%, polypoid lesions in 9 (15%, total antral opacification in 1 (2% and foreign body in 1 (2%. The commonest anatomic feature was dental root protrusion into the maxillary sinuses in 8 (13%. Conclusion: The CBCT imaging is an important tool for investigating the maxillary sinuses for pathology and the demonstration of the associated anatomic relations.

  8. The ability of panoramic radiography in assessing maxillary sinus inflammatory diseases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the relative diagnostic accuracy of panoramic radiography and Water's projection in maxillary sinus inflammatory diseases by comparing the radiodensities of the images with those of CT. Panoramic radiographs, Waters' projection, and CT images from 55 subjects (110 sinuses) were included in this retrospective study. The radiodensity of each maxillary sinus in panoramic radiography was recorded separately as upper and lower divided horizontally by hard palate. In Waters' projection, the overall sinus radiodensity was recorded. The CT images were considered as gold standard. In panoramic radiography, 83 sinuses had same upper and lower radiodensity and 72 of these were consistent with those of CT, 26 sinuses had different upper and lower radiodensity and 15 of these, upper radiodensity was consistent with CT, the remaining 11, lower radiodensity was consistent with CT. One sinus had upper radiolucency with lower radiopacity and both were consistent with those of CT. Altogether 73 (66.4%) among 110 sinuses in panoramic radiography showed full agreement with CT, 26 (23.6%) showed partial agreement with CT. 9 sinuses had no lower image under the hard palate in panoramic radiography due to the smaller size of sinus. In Waters' projection, the radiodensity of 105 sinuses (95.5%) were consistent with that of CT. The panoramic radiography showed 90.0% of the sinus conditions fully or partially which may appear less accurate than that of Water's view (95.5%) but withthan that of Water's view (95.5%) but with more detailed information of the inferior part of sinuses.

  9. PENETRATING KNIFE IN THE MAXILLARY SINUS: REPORT OF A RARE CASE.

    OpenAIRE

    Mary Nirmala Suganthakumar; Sivakumar Ethirajan; Suganthakumar Robert

    2012-01-01

    Presence of foreign bodies in the paranasal sinuses are not common findings.Many cases have been reported so far with foreign bodies like dental amalgam, chopsticks, gutta percha pellets, tooth, glue and even bullets. However, presence of foreign bodies in the maxillary sinus as a result of penetrating trauma is uncommon. Mostof them have been the results of trauma after vehicle accidents, gunshot injuries and assaults. There are two treatment options – endoscopic and open surgical approach...

  10. Morphometric Analysis of Developing Maxillary Sinuses in Human Foetuses Análisis Morfométrico del Desarrollo de los Senos Maxilares en Fetos Humanos

    OpenAIRE

    Ghaus Farah; Ahmad Faruqi Nafis

    2006-01-01

    The development of the paranasal sinuses, in human race and in many mammals remained as much an enigma as it did nearly two millennia ago. Morphometric analysis of maxillary sinuses in human foetuses are not fully documented and also their morphological studies in Indian population are non-existent. So the present study was conducted to determine the different diameters, the pattern of growth, sexual dimorphism and bilateral variations in maxillary sinuses. 37 human foetuses of different age ...

  11. SOME FEATURES OF PHAGOCYTIC CELL FUNCTIONS IN THE PATIENTS WITH MAXILLARY SINUSITIS SUFFERING FROM DIABETES MELLITUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. N. Popov

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. The study concerns phagocytic activity of neutrophilic granulocytes investigated in diabetic patients with insular diabetes, accompanied by maxillary sinusitis. The patients exhibited suppressed phagocytic abilities of neutrophilic granulocytes and monocytes, disturbed killing of captured bacteria, suppression of oxidase microbicidal system, and disorders of receptor system.

  12. Decellularized Human Maxillary Sinus Schneiderian Membrane as a Potential Scaffold for Tissue Engineering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeedeh KhajehAhmadi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Biological matrix has received special attention in recent medical and biological researches. Cells of tissue are supported by extracellular matrix (ECM. Extracellular matrix is used as a scaffold for morphogenesis, proliferation, migration, and differentiation in tissue engineering. Extracellular matrix of natural tissues can be used as a scaffold for reconstructing biological tissues in tissue engineering. Human maxillary sinus membrane consists of cells and ECM which contain collagen, elastin, and proteoglycans. Collagen can be used as a natural scaffold via high level of biocompatibility. Materials & Methods: In this study, Human maxillary sinus membrane were decellularized by two techniques , physical method (liquid nitrogen and chemical procedures via increment concentration of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS in three groups. The samples were fixed with Bouin's fixator, and then were stained with Hematoxylin & Eosin. decellularised Human maxillary sinus membrane was evaluated with scanning electrone microscope.Results: Histological evaluation of decellularized scaffolds revealed that cells of the schneiderian membrane tissues were completely removed via concentration of 1% of SDS. Scanning Electrone Microscope (SEM (Leo-VP1450, Germany of the scaffolds indicated that collagen fibers of connective tissue remained intact. In 0.5 and 0.1% concentrations of SDS, few cells were observed at peripheral of ECM, so decellularization process was not complete. Conclusion: According to the results, scaffolds prepared from Human Maxillary Sinus Membrane could be used as a suitable scaffold for In vitro investigation and reconstruction and tissue engineering.

  13. Alveolar Ridge and Maxillary Sinus Augmentation Using rhBMP-2 : A Systematic Review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Freitas, Rubens Moreno; Spin-Neto, Rubens

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate clinical and safety data for recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in an absorbable collagen sponge (ACS) carrier when used for alveolar ridge/maxillary sinus augmentation in humans.

  14. Associations between inflammatory cells infiltrating the ethmoid sinus mucosa, and nasal polyp size and grade of ethmoid sinus opacification on CT images in chronic sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We investigated the types and numbers of inflammatory cells that infiltrated the ethmoid sinus mucosa in cases of chronic sinusitis in order to identify any associations with nasal polyp size and the grade of ethmoid sinus opacification on computer tomography images. The subjects were patients with chronic sinusitis who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery. Seventeen subjects also had bronchial asthma as a complication (six with aspirin-induced asthma, 11 with another form of asthma) and 24 did not have bronchial asthma as a complication (16 with allergic rhinitis, 8 with chronic sinusitis alone). The nasal polyps in the patients with bronchial asthma were significantly larger than those in the patients without bronchial asthma. Investigation of the numbers of infiltrating inflammatory cells according to polyp size revealed significantly more eosinophils as polyp size increased. In addition, infiltration of significantly more mast cells was observed when the polyps were large. Assessment of the grade of opacification of the ethmoid sinuses on computer tomography images showed a significantly higher grade of opacification in the patients with bronchial asthma than in the patients without bronchial asthma. Comparisons between the grade of opacification of the ethmoid sinuses and the number of infiltrating inflammatory cells revealed significantly more infiltrating eosinophils and mast cells in the patients with intense ethmoid sinus opacification. The above findings suggeus opacification. The above findings suggest that eosinophils and mast cells play a major role in forming the persistent inflammation of the sinus mucosa and nasal polyp tissue of patients with chronic sinusitis complicated by bronchial asthma. (author)

  15. Usefulness of Panoramic Radiography in the Detection of Maxillary Sinus Pathosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    to evaluate the usefulness of the panoramic radiography, generally used in dental clinic, for the detection of the maxillary sinus pathosis due to the inflammation and tumor, through the comparison with CT findings as the absolute standard. 150 maxillary sinuses of 75 patients with or without particular signs and symptoms and showing soft tissue lesions or destruction of maxillary sinus walls in at least one sinus in CT, were selected as subject samples, and the panoramic radiography of the same patients were interpretated by 3 dental radiologists and 3 non dental radiologist given no previous information. Using the CT findings as the absolute standard, the diagnostic ability of panoraimc radiography in the mucosal thickening, maxillary sinus haziness, inferior wall destruction, medial wall destruction, posterolateral wall destruction and the superior wall destruction was evaluated using the ROC curve and the difference between dental radiologist group and non dental radiologist group was also evaluated. 1. When dental radiologist group interpretated the destruction of inferior wall and posterolateral wall, the kappa value which shows interobserver's coincidence was above 0.75.2. The diagnostic ability according to site of interpretation was the highest when the inferior wall was interpretated in both observer groups and there was a statistically significant difference between the dental radiologist group and non dental radiologist group in interpretating the mucosal ogist group in interpretating the mucosal thickening, haziness, destruction of the inferior and medial wall (p<0.05).3. The diagnostic ability in detecting the destruction of the sinus walls was better than in soft tissue lesions in both groups and between the groups there was a statistically significant difference (p<0.05). When detecting the destruction of inferior and posterolateral wall of the maxillary sinus there was coincident with that of CT findings, and so it is considered that diagnostic ability of panoramic radiography is high in this point. But in interpretating the destruction of medial wall and soft tissue lesions, diagnostic ability of the panoramic radiography was relatively low and there was a significant difference between the dental radiologist group and non dental radiologist group. Therefore CT or other auxiliary diagnostic method will be necessary when evaluating thorough pathosis of maxillary sinus objectively.

  16. Clinical study on the observation of unilateral shadows in the maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the everyday examination of patients exhibiting a unilateral shadow in the maxillary sinus upon imaging, the differentiation of chronic sinusitis from other diseases, including malignant tumors, is extremely important. A unilateral shadow in the maxillary sinus was detected on scout films and a subsequent CT examination of the sinus was performed in 108 patients who visited our department between January 1994 and December 1998. Bone destruction was suspected after scout films were taken in 2 patients with malignant tumors. These 2 patients account for only a small percentage of the total patient population, but account for as much as 50% of the patients with malignant tumors. In cases of malignant tumors, the CT images suggesting bone destruction agreed with operative findings. CT seems to be a useful tool for evaluating the condition of the bone. When the density of scout films and CT images were compared, no significant difference was detected, suggesting that scout films can be used for the screening of malignant tumors. The density was (+++) in both the scout films and the CT images of the 2 patients with malignant tumors. Finally, we present a flow chart for the diagnosis of unilateral maxillary sinus shadows that has been recently adopted as the basic protocol used in our department. (author)

  17. Features of inflammatory pseudotumor in the maxillary sinus on CT and MRI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To explore the features of inflammatory pseudotumor in the maxillary sinus on CT and MRI. Methods: The CT and MRI data of 8 patients with histology-proven inflammatory pseudotumor in the maxillary sinus were retrospectively analyzed. All 8 patients underwent CT scans and 7 of them also underwent MRI examinations. In addition, the time-intensity curve (TIC) of dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)MR imaging were analyzed in 3 patients. Results: Two cases had lesions in the left maxillary sinus, while the others showed lesions in the right maxillary sinus. All the lesions showed irregular shape with well-defined margins in 5 cases and hazy margins in 3 cases. The mean maximum diameter of the lesions was 51 mm (ranged from 29 mm to 72 mm). On non-enhanced CT, the lesions were isodense to gray matter in 6 and slightly hypodense in 2 patients. Only 2 patients had post-contrast CT with moderate enhancement of their lesions. The lesions caused adjacent bony absorption and destruction with residual bony sclerosis. On MR T1WI, inflammatory pseudotumor showed hypointense in 2 patients and isointense in and isointense in 1 patients. Inflammatory pseudotumor showed heterogeneously slight contrast enhancement in 2 cases and moderate enhancement in 5 cases. The TIC showed a steady enhancement pattern in 4, orbit in 4, and cheek in 3 cases. Six patients underwent follow-up for 2-5 years after surgery and 2 of them were found to have recurrence. In comparison to CT, Mto have recurrence. In comparison to CT, MRI was proved to show the extent of the lesions more clearly. Conclusions Bony destruction with sclerosis and hypointense signal on MR T2WI are typical manifestations of inflammatory pseudotumor in the maxillary sinus. Combined CT and MRI can provide clinicians with more comprehensive information for the diagnosis, therapy, and follow-up of these lesions. (authors)

  18. Mucocele del seno maxilar post-traumático Post-traumatic mucocele of the maxillary sinus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Charro-Huerga

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Los mucoceles de los senos paranasales son lesiones benignas pero con un considerable potencial destructivo por la reabsorción ósea que pueden generar. La localización en el seno maxilar es muy poco frecuente así como el origen postraumático. Presentamos el caso de un mucocele de seno maxilar tras 28 años después de un traumatismo facial. Analizamos la etiopatogenia, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de este tipo de lesiones.Mucoceles of the paranasal sinuses are benign lesions but they can be destructive because they cause bone resorption. The location in a maxillary sinus and a traumatic origin are uncommon. We report a case of mucocele of the maxillary sinus 28 years after facial trauma. We analyzed the etiopathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of this type of lesions.

  19. Mucocele del seno maxilar post-traumático / Post-traumatic mucocele of the maxillary sinus

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    E., Charro-Huerga; J., Ferreras Granado; I., Vázquez Mahía; J.L., López-Cedrún.

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Los mucoceles de los senos paranasales son lesiones benignas pero con un considerable potencial destructivo por la reabsorción ósea que pueden generar. La localización en el seno maxilar es muy poco frecuente así como el origen postraumático. Presentamos el caso de un mucocele de seno maxilar tras 2 [...] 8 años después de un traumatismo facial. Analizamos la etiopatogenia, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de este tipo de lesiones. Abstract in english Mucoceles of the paranasal sinuses are benign lesions but they can be destructive because they cause bone resorption. The location in a maxillary sinus and a traumatic origin are uncommon. We report a case of mucocele of the maxillary sinus 28 years after facial trauma. We analyzed the etiopathogene [...] sis, diagnosis, and treatment of this type of lesions.

  20. Distinguishing the dominant species of pathogen in maxillary sinusitis by sequencing DNA dataset analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Junyi; Li, Yunchuan; Lu, Xinxin; Wang, Xiangdong; Zang, Hongrui; Wang, Tong; Zhou, Bing; Zhang, Luo

    2015-05-01

    This study determined the microbial composition in maxillary sinusitis and determined the predominant fungal and bacterial species. Samples were obtained from 11 patients with fungal sinusitis and 2 healthy patients. The 13 samples were sequenced using an Illumina Hi-Seq 2000, and mapping to the human, bacterial, and the fungal genomes were based on several steps. Bioinformatics and statistical analyses were then performed for bacterial and fungal expressions in the samples. All samples were cultures for fungal growth. The sequencing data revealed that Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus oryzae were the dominant fungal strains in the rhinosinusitis samples, and Bacillus cereus and Bacillus thuringiensis were the dominant bacterial strains. Indeed, the fungi and bacteria were associated with the development of fungal rhinosinusitis. Furthermore, B. cereus and B. thuringiensis may cooperate with Pseudomonas aeruginosa to inhibit the growth of fungal mycelia. Knowledge of the microbial composition can provide a diagnostic reference for patients with maxillary sinusitis. PMID:25724392

  1. Changes in computed tomography findings according to the chronicity of maxillary sinus gossypiboma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Kyung Soo

    2014-07-01

    The present report describes a case of gossypiboma in the maxillary sinus after treatment for the fracture of the orbital floor with review of the literatures on this interesting disease entity. The suspicion of gossypiboma should be raised when a patient with a history of previous sinonasal surgery, especially Caldwell-Luc approach, presents with chronic recurrent or refractory sinusitis. Because of the rarity of reported cases, typical computed tomography findings of gossypiboma in the sinonasal area have not been established. In the present case, because the gauze was retained for 25 years in the maxillary sinus, computed tomography findings revealed nonspecific findings. Because a foreign body left behind after operation may lead to a serious medicolegal issue, it is worth reemphasizing that the best general approach to retained surgical foreign body is to prevent its occurrence. PMID:24978684

  2. Near-infrared imaging for management of chronic maxillary sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    You, Joon S.; Cerussi, Albert E.; Kim, James; Ison, Sean; Wong, Brian; Cui, Haotian; Bhandarkar, Naveen

    2015-03-01

    Efficient management of chronic sinusitis remains a great challenge for primary care physicians. Unlike ENT specialists using Computed Tomography scans, they lack an affordable and safe method to accurately screen and monitor sinus diseases in primary care settings. Lack of evidence-based sinusitis management leads to frequent under-treatments and unnecessary over-treatments (i.e. antibiotics). Previously, we reported low-cost optical imaging designs for oral illumination and facial optical imaging setup. It exploits the sensitivity of NIR transmission intensity and their unique patterns to the sinus structures and presence of fluid/mucous-buildup within the sinus cavities. Using the improved NIR system, we have obtained NIR sinus images of 45 subjects with varying degrees of sinusitis symptoms. We made diagnoses of these patients based on two types of evidence: symptoms alone or NIR images along. These diagnostic results were then compared to the gold standard diagnosis using computed tomography through sensitivity and specificity analysis. Our results indicate that diagnosis of mere presence of sinusitis that is, distinguishing between healthy individuals vs. diseased individuals did not improve much when using NIR imaging compared to the diagnosis based on symptoms alone (69% in sensitivity, 75% specificity). However, use of NIR imaging improved the differential diagnosis between mild and severe diseases significantly as the sensitivity improved from 75% for using diagnosis based on symptoms alone up to 95% for using diagnosis based on NIR images. Reported results demonstrate great promise for using NIR imaging system for management of chronic sinusitis patients in primary care settings without resorting to CT.

  3. Clinical study of paranasal sinus carcinoma except for maxillary sinus carcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We reviewed the clinical characteristics of 20 patients with ethmoid sinus carcinoma, 3 patients with frontal sinus carcinoma and 6 patients with sphenoid sinus carcinoma who received treatment at the Kurume University Hospital between 1984 and 2009. Ages of the patients ranged from 35 to 82 years old (average: 62). Six of 10 ethmoid sinus carcinoma patients who were treated by combined treatment with surgery were alive. Two of 10 ethmoid sinus carcinoma patients without surgery were alive. All patients with frontal sinus carcinoma who received combined treatment with anterior skull base surgery were alive with local control. Patients with sphenoid sinus carcinoma were treated by chemoradiotherapy and 4 patients were alive. The results of this clinical study indicate that combined therapy including skull base surgery is effective for ethmoid sinus and frontal sinus carcinomas. In contrast, chemoradiotherapy is favorable for sphenoid sinus carcinomas. (author)

  4. An assessment of maxillary sinus and alveolar bone in cross-sectional linear tomogram of panorama

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the precision of measurements taken of dental implants in bucco-lingually sectioned views of the maxilla by linear tomograms of the panorama and to assess the visibility of the inferior wall of the maxillary sinus. Eighty sites prepared with implants of gutta percha cone in the sockets of the upper premolars and molars of 10 dry skulls were radiographically examined using linear tomograms of panorama, and scanned coronally and axially by computed tomography. The differences in mm between the measurements in bucco-lingually sectioned images of maxillary alveolar bone and the true length and width of the implanted gutta percha cones were compared as mean values (mean) and standard deviation (SD) for each radiographic technique. Linear tomography of panorama was compared with computed tomography for visualization of the relationship between the inferior wall of maxillary sinus and the end of each implant. The deviations between the actual implant length and the measured values taken from the linear tomograms (0.44 ± 0.39 mm) was significantly less than the measured values from the multiplanar reconstructed images of the axially scanned computed tomogram (1.21 ± 0.90 mm). There was statistically significant difference (p<0.05) between two techniques in the differences between the measurements and true implant length. The relationship of the inferior border of maxillary sinus with end of implant was worse identified with the linear tomogram of panorama (68%) h the linear tomogram of panorama (68%) than the multiplanar reconstructed image of axially scanned computed tomogram (99%). We could not find any differences in the accuracy of length measurement between the linear tomogram of panorama and computed tomogram, but computed tomogram allowed for a better visualization of the inferior wall of the maxillary sinus than the linear tomogram.

  5. Occurrence of maxillary sinus abnormalities detected by cone beam CT in asymptomatic patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rege Inara Carneiro

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although cone beam computed tomography (CBCT images of the maxillofacial region allow the inspection of the entire volume of the maxillary sinus (MS, identifying anatomic variations and abnormalities in the image volume, this is frequently neglected by oral radiologists when interpreting images of areas at a distance from the dentoalveolar region, such as the full anatomical aspect of the MS. The aim of this study was to investigate maxillary sinus abnormalities in asymptomatic patients by using CBCT. Methods 1113 CBCT were evaluated by two examiners and identification of abnormalities, the presence of periapical lesions and proximity to the lower sinus wall were recorded. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, chi-square tests and Kappa statistics. Results Abnormalities were diagnosed in 68.2% of cases (kappa = 0.83. There was a significant difference between genders (p Conclusions Abnormalities in maxillary sinus emphasizes how important it is for the dentomaxillofacial radiologist to undertake an interpretation of the whole volume of CBCT images.

  6. A modified bone lid for osteoplastic surgery of the maxillary sinus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katauczek, F; Nkenke, E; Wagner, F; Seemann, R

    2015-07-01

    Major problems associated with the use of a bone lid for osteoplastic surgery of the maxillary sinus, as first described by Lindorf, are the possibility of postoperative dislocation of the bony fragment into the sinus (floating bone), as well as inflammatory resorption or fracture of the very thin removed trap door fragment. We describe a technique that prevents dislocation of the bone lid and allows for very good visualization of the entire sinus by a simple extended design and the use of resorbable pins. With the use of this extended bone lid, the removal of severely dislocated teeth, implants, sinus pathologies, or foreign bodies can be performed easily. Furthermore, this is an advantageous approach for large orbital fractures, especially those of the posterior half. PMID:25702587

  7. A comparison of Scanora radiography with Waters' and panoramic views for the detection of mucosal thickening of maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance of Waters' and panoramic view; maxillary sinus posteroanterior and lateral scanography of Scanora for mucosal thickening of maxillary sinus as well as to identify the utility of Scanora for the detection of maxillary sinus disease. The assessment was done at 66 maxillary sinuses in 45 patients and the results were as follows: 1. Estimation of presence or absence of mucosal thickening. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive value of maxillary sinus posteroanterior and lateral scanography were 0.865, 0.860, 0.921, and 0.805 respectively and slightly higher than those of Waters' and panoramic views, which were 0.832, 0.835, 0.903, and 0.728 respectively. However, paired t-test showed no significant differences in the diagnostic performance of the two pairs of imaging modalities. 2. Estimation of the types of mucosal thickening. The diagnostic accuracy for type I, II, III was 75.3% on Waters' and panoramic view; 77.9% on maxillary sinus posteroanterior and lateral scanography. It was higher on the latter, but showed no significant differences from that on the former. 3. Reliability of interpretation. In intraobserver and interobserver agreement, both overall rates of agreement and kappa-value were slightly higher on maxillary sinus posteroanterior and lateral scanography than on Waters' and panoramic views. There was no significant differences between the two pairs of imaging merences between the two pairs of imaging modalities. These results suggested that scanogram is a useful diagnostic radiography as well as Waters' and panoramic view for detection of maxillary sinusitis.

  8. The Prevalence of Concha Bullosa and Nasal Septal Deviation and Their Relationship to Maxillary Sinusitis by Volumetric Tomography

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, Kyle D.; Edwards, Paul C.; Tarnjit S. Saini; Neil S. Norton

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of concha bullosa and nasal septal deviation and their potential relationships to maxillary sinusitis. 883 CT scans taken at Creighton University School of Dentistry from 2005 to 2008 were retrospectively reviewed for the presence of concha bullosa, nasal septal deviation, and maxillary sinusitis. 67.5% of patients exhibited pneumatization of at least one concha, 19.4% of patients had a deviated septum, and 50.0% had muco...

  9. MIGRATION OF DENTAL IMPLANTS INTO MAXILLARY SINUS DURING THE HEALING PERIOD DUE TO WRONG INDICATION: REPORT OF 2 CASES

    OpenAIRE

    U?ngo?r, Cem; Atasoy, Kerem Turgut; S?enel, Figen C?izmeci

    2015-01-01

    Displacement of dental implants into the maxillary sinus and related anatomic structures is a rare, but increasingly reported complication. Diagnosis of the affected structures related with maxillary sinus and determining the exact position of the dental implant are essential before the removal procedure of the migrated dental implant. After a clinical and radiological examination, an indicated procedure for every case should be decided. In this presented clinical case reports, migrated denta...

  10. Long term control of a maxillary sinus mucoepidermoid carcinoma with low dose radiation therapy: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Vulpe, Horia; Giuliani, Meredith; Goldstein, David; Perez-Ordonez, Bayardo; Dawson, Laura A.; Hope, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the maxillary sinus is a rare malignancy of the head and neck. The location of this tumour near vital structures and its large size at presentation makes surgical resection with negative margins challenging. In incurable cases, relief from symptoms such as epistaxis may be achieved with radiation therapy. We present a case of mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the maxillary sinus that was effectively palliated with a short course of radiation therapy, achieving complete c...

  11. Radiographic evaluations of the various lesions of maxillary sinus, inferior wall of sinus and surrounding structures using reformatted computed tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the degree of accuracy of DentaScan reformatted images of the maxillary sinus and periapical, periodontal lesions and to clarify the usefulness of the reconstructed 3-dimensional images to the dental clinical aspects. 33 sides of maxillae of the hemi-sectioned Korean heads were used in this study. Periapical radiographs, computed tomography and DentaScan reformatted cross-sectional images were taken for the radiographic evaluation of the peiapical and peiodontal lesions of the maxillary teeth and inferior wall of maxillary sinus. Compared the degree of accuracy and findings of dental and periapical pathoses on the intraoral radiographs and DentaScan reformatted images with the cross-sectioned specimens, the DentaScan reformatted cross-sectional images were more accurate and more effective than the intraoral radiography with a viewpoint of the detection of dental and periapical pathoses. Comparing the lesions of specimens with intraoral radiographies and DentaScan reformatted images, the dental and periodontal pathoses and topographical structures were more clearly observed in the DentaScan reformatted images, providing the possibility of more applications of reformatted images to clinical dentistry.

  12. Sinusitis maxilar iatrogénica tras la colocación de implantes: A propósito de un caso / Iatrogenic maxillary sinusitis related to implant placement: A case report

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    M., Bragado Novel; L., Berini Aytés; C., Gay Escoda.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available La perforación del suelo del seno maxilar y de las fosas nasales durante la colocación de implantes en las crestas alveolares situadas por debajo no es un hecho infrecuente. Pequeñas comunicaciones producidas durante el fresado para la preparación del lecho implantario cierran espontáneamente, pero [...] es un requisito indispensable para evitar futuras complicaciones que el implante quede estable, si no deberá ser retirado. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 54 años de edad que acude refiriendo cacosmia y halitosis permanentes y episodios esporádicos de dolor en la zona infraorbitaria derecha asociados a rinorrea purulenta, que no ceden a la administración de distintos antibióticos. Las pruebas radiológicas muestran tres implantes dentales en el primer cuadrante sustituyendo a 1.2, 1.3 y 1.6: el primero perforando la fosa nasal, y el tercero con el extremo apical en el interior del seno maxilar derecho con una imagen radioopaca bien delimitada asociada. Confirmada la existencia de una comunicación bucosinusal de más de dos años de evolución, y establecida esta como la causa del cuadro de sinusitis maxilar crónica que la paciente padece, se determina como plan de tratamiento la extracción de los tres implantes y la reconstrucción del plano óseo mediante un injerto de hueso autólogo de mentón. Al retirar el implante en posición 1.6 se observa material de aspecto resinoso adherido a toda su superficie, con fines probablemente retentivos, y que habrá contribuido en gran medida a incrementar el proceso irritativo local. El defecto remanente es tan importante en este sector que se hace imposible anclar un injerto óseo en este área, por lo que se legra la mucosa sinusal enferma a su través, enviando muestra para su posterior análisis anatomopatológico, y se consigue el cierre primario mediante un injerto pediculado de la bola adiposa de Bichat. Los controles postoperatorios fueron favorables consiguiendo de esta forma la remisión total de la sintomatología y la recuperación completa. Abstract in english Perforation of the floor of the maxillary sinus or nasal cavity during implant placement in the residual bone located below is not an infrequent situation. It's been strongly reported that slight membrane puncture while preparing implant bed does not play a significant role in clinical outcome, as i [...] t heals spontaneously, but it is an essential requirement that the implant remains intraoperatory stable. We present the case of a 54 yr. old woman that consulted in our office referring permanent cacosmia and halitosis associated to sporadic episodes of pain and purulent rhinorrhea, that didn't ease to the administration of several different antibiotics. Radiological findings show three dental implants in the first quadrant replacing teeth 1.2, 1.3 and 1.6: first one piercing the nostril and the third one with its apical end completely into the right maxillary sinus with a delimitated radiopaque mass associated. Once confirmed the existency of an oroantral fistula and its involvement in the two-year evolution chronic sinusitis diagnosed, the treatment established included the extraction of the three implants and the simultaneous osseous reconstruction with an autologous bone chin graft. After the removal of implant 1.6, a composite resin-like material is found stuck to its surface with supposedly retentive purposes, contributing in this way in a very strong way to increase irritation. Remanent defect is so important that makes impossible bone grafting in this area, so we proceed to curette harmed sinusal mucosa, sending a sample for histological evaluation, and close with a Bichat fat pad pedicled flap. Postoperatory follow-up and evolution was favourable, achieving total remission of sympthomatology and complete recovery.

  13. Sinusitis maxilar iatrogénica tras la colocación de implantes: A propósito de un caso Iatrogenic maxillary sinusitis related to implant placement: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Bragado Novel

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available La perforación del suelo del seno maxilar y de las fosas nasales durante la colocación de implantes en las crestas alveolares situadas por debajo no es un hecho infrecuente. Pequeñas comunicaciones producidas durante el fresado para la preparación del lecho implantario cierran espontáneamente, pero es un requisito indispensable para evitar futuras complicaciones que el implante quede estable, si no deberá ser retirado. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 54 años de edad que acude refiriendo cacosmia y halitosis permanentes y episodios esporádicos de dolor en la zona infraorbitaria derecha asociados a rinorrea purulenta, que no ceden a la administración de distintos antibióticos. Las pruebas radiológicas muestran tres implantes dentales en el primer cuadrante sustituyendo a 1.2, 1.3 y 1.6: el primero perforando la fosa nasal, y el tercero con el extremo apical en el interior del seno maxilar derecho con una imagen radioopaca bien delimitada asociada. Confirmada la existencia de una comunicación bucosinusal de más de dos años de evolución, y establecida esta como la causa del cuadro de sinusitis maxilar crónica que la paciente padece, se determina como plan de tratamiento la extracción de los tres implantes y la reconstrucción del plano óseo mediante un injerto de hueso autólogo de mentón. Al retirar el implante en posición 1.6 se observa material de aspecto resinoso adherido a toda su superficie, con fines probablemente retentivos, y que habrá contribuido en gran medida a incrementar el proceso irritativo local. El defecto remanente es tan importante en este sector que se hace imposible anclar un injerto óseo en este área, por lo que se legra la mucosa sinusal enferma a su través, enviando muestra para su posterior análisis anatomopatológico, y se consigue el cierre primario mediante un injerto pediculado de la bola adiposa de Bichat. Los controles postoperatorios fueron favorables consiguiendo de esta forma la remisión total de la sintomatología y la recuperación completa.Perforation of the floor of the maxillary sinus or nasal cavity during implant placement in the residual bone located below is not an infrequent situation. It's been strongly reported that slight membrane puncture while preparing implant bed does not play a significant role in clinical outcome, as it heals spontaneously, but it is an essential requirement that the implant remains intraoperatory stable. We present the case of a 54 yr. old woman that consulted in our office referring permanent cacosmia and halitosis associated to sporadic episodes of pain and purulent rhinorrhea, that didn't ease to the administration of several different antibiotics. Radiological findings show three dental implants in the first quadrant replacing teeth 1.2, 1.3 and 1.6: first one piercing the nostril and the third one with its apical end completely into the right maxillary sinus with a delimitated radiopaque mass associated. Once confirmed the existency of an oroantral fistula and its involvement in the two-year evolution chronic sinusitis diagnosed, the treatment established included the extraction of the three implants and the simultaneous osseous reconstruction with an autologous bone chin graft. After the removal of implant 1.6, a composite resin-like material is found stuck to its surface with supposedly retentive purposes, contributing in this way in a very strong way to increase irritation. Remanent defect is so important that makes impossible bone grafting in this area, so we proceed to curette harmed sinusal mucosa, sending a sample for histological evaluation, and close with a Bichat fat pad pedicled flap. Postoperatory follow-up and evolution was favourable, achieving total remission of sympthomatology and complete recovery.

  14. Extension of Calcifying Epithelial Odontogenic Tumor to the Maxillary Sinus: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Carrero

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT is a rare and benign odontogenic epithelial neoplasm. This tumor accounts for less than 1% of all odontogenic tumors. It normally affects patients between 30 and 50 years old, and it is typically located in the posterior region of the mandible. Involvement of the maxillary sinus has previously been published only in six cases. This report presents a single case of CEOT that invades the maxillary sinus in a 69-year-old male. We performed a left partial maxillectomy and immediate reconstruction of the defect with a temporalis muscle flap. A comprehensive immunohistochemical study was reported. No recurrences have been found after 8 years of follow-up.

  15. Intravitreal bevacizumab for delayed radiation maculopathy and papillopathy after irradiation for maxillary sinus cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Gondo M; Sakai T; Tsuneoka H; Kanehira C

    2011-01-01

    Miki Gondo1, Tsutomu Sakai1, Hiroshi Tsuneoka1, Chihiro Kanehira21Department of Ophthalmology, Jikei University School of Medicine, 2Division of Radiology, Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, JapanBackground: The evaluation of intravitreal bevacizumab treatment for delayed radiation maculopathy and papillopathy after irradiation for maxillary sinus cancer.Case report: A patient with radiation maculopathy and papillopathy was treated with intravitreal bevacizumab (1.25 mg). Main outcom...

  16. Squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus: A Tata Memorial Hospital experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qureshi Sajid

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The optimal treatment of maxillary sinus carcinoma remains to be defined and there is a paucity of Indian studies on the subject. Aims: To present experience of management of squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus treated with curative intent at a single institution. Settings and Design:Retrospective study of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus who presented between 1994 to 1999. materials and Methods:The records of 73 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus were analyzed. Sixty-two patients were evaluable. Forty patients (65% were treated with surgery followed by postoperative radiotherapy, five patients (8% were treated with radiotherapy alone, five patients (8% were treated with surgery alone; 12 patients (19% received chemotherapy. Statistical analysis used: Statistical analysis was done using Kaplan-Meier method. Results: The majority of patients presented with locally advanced disease (52, 84%; nodal involvement was observed in five patients (8%. The most common site of recurrence was at the primary site, which was observed in 28 patients (45% and regional failures occurred in 10 (16%. The 3 and 5-year overall survival was 38% and 35% and the disease free survival was 29% and 26% respectively. The 5-year overall survival after surgery and postoperative radiotherapy was 42%. Conclusions:The majority of patients present with advanced disease resulting in poor outcomes to conventional treatment modalities. Locoregional tumor progression remains a significant pattern of failure. New approaches such as neoadjuvant or concomitant chemoradiotherapy with aggressive surgery need to be considered and evaluated in prospective studies.

  17. Management of the Schneiderian membrane perforation during the maxillary sinus elevation procedure: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Meleo, Deborah; Mangione, Francesca; Corbi, Sergio; Pacifici, Luciano

    2012-01-01

    The maxillary sinus elevation is a standard and predictable procedure allowing the realization of dental implant rehabilitation in patients with severe bone atrophy in the lateral-posterior areas of the maxilla. Despite the presence of validated surgical methods and the broad availability of biomaterials, the procedures aimed at increasing the bone volume by lateral antrostomy still entail complications with different degrees of relevance. The prosthetic and surgical outcome is based on a suc...

  18. Three-dimensional images contribute to the diagnosis of mucous retention cyst in maxillary sinus

    OpenAIRE

    Donizeth-rodrigues, Cleomar; Fonseca-da Silveira, Ma?rcia; Gonc?alves-de Alencar, Ana H.; Garcia-santos-silva, Maria A.; Francisco-de-mendonc?a, Elismauro; Estrela, Carlos

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the detection of mucous retention cyst of maxillary sinus (MRCMS) using panoramic radiography and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Study Design: A digital database with 6,000 panoramic radiographs was reviewed for MRCMS. Suggestive images of MRCMS were detected on 185 radiographs, and patients were located and invited to return for follow-up. Thirty patients returned, and control panoramic radiographs were obtained 6 to 46 months after the initial radiograph. Wh...

  19. Correlation of fractal dimension with histomorphometry in maxillary sinus lifting using autogenous bone graft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Molon, Rafael Scaf de; Paula, Wagner Nunes de

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the pattern of bone remodeling after maxillary sinus lifting in humans by means of fractal dimension (FD) and histomorphometric analysis. Therefore, the correlation between FD and the histomorphometric findings was evaluated. Sixteen patients with posterior edentulous maxilla were enrolled in this study. Maxillary sinus lifting was performed using autogenous bone grafted from the mandibular retromolar area. Three direct digital panoramic radiographs were obtained: before surgery (Group 1), immediately postoperatively (Group 2) and after 6 months of healing (Group 3) for FD analysis. Biopsies were taken after 6 months, processed and submitted to histological and histomorphometric analysis. Data were analyzed by Shapiro-Wilk test and ANOVA test followed by a Tukey test (a=0.05). The bone volume fraction of newly trabecular bone (TB) and medullary area (MA) was measured as 62.75%±17.16% and 37.25±17.16%, respectively. Significant difference in FD analysis was measured between Group 1 and Group 3. No significant difference was found in the correlation between FD and histomorphometric analysis for TB and MA (p=0.84). In conclusion, all performed analyses were effective in assessing the bone-remodeling pattern in the maxillary sinus, offering complementary information about healing and predictable outcomes. There were no correlations between FD and histomorphometric analysis.

  20. Mucoceles in post-operative maxillary sinuses: CT and MR findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study describes the CT and MR findings of mucoceles occurred in the post-operative maxillary sinuses. CT and/or MR of 19 maxillary mucoceles in 16 patients who had been operated by Caldwell-Luc procedure were reviewed. CT scans were performed after contrast enhancement in axial and coronal planes with 5mm thickness. Three cases were studied with a 2.0 T or 0.5 T MRI, which demonstrated multi-compartment lesions. The lesions were bilateral in 3 cases. Compartmentalization of the antral cavity was seen in 7 out of 19 involved sinuses. Surgical bone defect of the anterior wall was the most frequent route of extension (11 cases) and extension into the infratemporal fossa with erosion of posterolateral wall was seen in 7 lesions. In 6 cases, the lesion involved orbit. The expansile and erosive bone changes were localized in every case. In one case with multi-compartment lesion, both T1-and T2-weighted MR images showed different signal intensities in each compartment which represented different protein concentration. Post-operative maxillary mucocele showed CT findings of localized erosion and bulging most frequently at the anterior wall in which the bone windows were made during he previous surgery. Post-operative compartmentalization of maxillary antrum may cause eccentric expansion of mucocele and each compartment may show different signal intensities on MR

  1. Mucoceles in post-operative maxillary sinuses: CT and MR findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Moon Hee; Chang, Kee Hyun; Min, Yang Gi; Yeon, Kyung Mo; Han, Man Chung [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1994-03-15

    This study describes the CT and MR findings of mucoceles occurred in the post-operative maxillary sinuses. CT and/or MR of 19 maxillary mucoceles in 16 patients who had been operated by Caldwell-Luc procedure were reviewed. CT scans were performed after contrast enhancement in axial and coronal planes with 5mm thickness. Three cases were studied with a 2.0 T or 0.5 T MRI, which demonstrated multi-compartment lesions. The lesions were bilateral in 3 cases. Compartmentalization of the antral cavity was seen in 7 out of 19 involved sinuses. Surgical bone defect of the anterior wall was the most frequent route of extension (11 cases) and extension into the infratemporal fossa with erosion of posterolateral wall was seen in 7 lesions. In 6 cases, the lesion involved orbit. The expansile and erosive bone changes were localized in every case. In one case with multi-compartment lesion, both T1-and T2-weighted MR images showed different signal intensities in each compartment which represented different protein concentration. Post-operative maxillary mucocele showed CT findings of localized erosion and bulging most frequently at the anterior wall in which the bone windows were made during he previous surgery. Post-operative compartmentalization of maxillary antrum may cause eccentric expansion of mucocele and each compartment may show different signal intensities on MR.

  2. Research on a method of embedding implants into crista and apophysis of sinus maxillaris

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    Zhen-yu SUN

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective To study and evaluate the method of embedding implants into crista and apophysis of sinus maxillaris precisely and safely.Methods Eight patients with insufficient alveolar bone height in the posterior maxillary region,including 5 males and 3 females with mean age of 46.4±12.8 years,received dental implant surgery.By using CT scan based on 3D reconstruction analysis,each patient was chosen in accordance with the following criteria: sinus septa and apophysis located over the lost teeth,the width at the base of the septum and apophysis was over 5mm and the included angle between sinus floor and mesial or distal slope of the septum and apophysis was less than 70°.A simulation operation was done on each patient’s rapid prototyping model and apical part of implants was set into sinus septum and apophysis.After surgical guide was fabricated,osteotomy preparation and implant placement were performed aided by the surgical guide,and then followed by immediate CT scan to thoroughly examine the relative position of implants to septum and apophysis and the integrity of the sinus membrane.Results The position of all the 8 implants was in consistent with that in the rapid prototyped model.Sinus floor was lifted to the mesial or distal surface of the septum or apophysis.One side of the implants’ apical parts,with the length ranged from 2 to 5mm,was tightly embedded to sinus septum or apophysis,and the other side of the implants was well covered by mucous membrane.The implants were found with good stability after the surgery.No damage or laceration of the sinus mucous membrane was observed.Conclusions Sinus septa and apophysis can provide the necessary height to maintain implant stability when the alveolar bone height is insufficient for the insertion of a dental implant in the posterior region.In order to precisely embed implants into sinus septum and apophysis,the following procedures are required and must strictly coordinate with one another: accurate positioning and measurement of septa and apophysis by using CT 3-dimensional reconstruction analysis and model surgery,guide aided implant placement surgery,and the use of Sinustech reamer to lift sinus floor.

  3. Clear cell calcifying epithelial odontogenic (Pindborg) tumor involving the maxillary sinus: A case report and review of literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahni, Priya; Nayak, Meghanand T; Singhvi, Abhishek; Sharma, Jayanti

    2012-09-01

    Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT) is a rare benign odontogenic neoplasm of the jaws, accounting for less than 3% of all odontogenic tumors. It rarely extends into the maxillary sinus. Till date, six cases involving maxillary sinus have been reported. In this paper, we report the seventh case of a 52-year-old male with CEOT in maxilla extending from distal surface of the right maxillary canine to retromolar area and involving maxillary sinus with no association with impacted teeth. The diagnosis was confirmed by aspiration cytology and histologically, the tumor was composed of sheets of epithelial cells, with areas of clear cell changes. The presence of clear cells in the histological sections, accounts for the aggressive nature of the tumor simulating the clinical appearance. Prevention of recurrence can be achieved by radical resection. PMID:23248488

  4. The Study of the Malignant Tumors of the Maxillary Sinus by Computed Tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT findings of proven 25 malignant tumors of the maxillary sinus were retrospectively analyzed to be of help in the diagnosis and treatment. The results were as follow: 1. Average age was 54 years old, and eighteen were males and seven were females with a ratio of 2.6:1. 2. The most common histopathologic feature was squamous cell carcinoma (19 cases) and others were two cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma, one case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma, mucoepidermoid tumor, histiocytic lymphoma, unidentified malignant tumor. 3. CT findings were sinus opacification (4%), soft tissue mass (92%), low densities within soft tissue mass (44%), air densities within soft tissue mass (24%), osteosclerosis (4%), bone destruction (92%), bone displacement (32%), fat plane obliteration(76%). 4. CT in the malignant maxillary sinus tumors approved the value in evaluation of tumor extension to nasal cavity, ethmoid sinus, orbit, infratemporal fossa, pterygopalatine fossa, pterygoid fossa, pterygoid muscle, cheek skin and intracranial cavity. 5. Twenty four cases (96%) were stage III, stage IV according to AJCC TNM classification. 6. Bone findings were destruction, displacement, sclerosis and most frequent site of bone destruction was the medial wall of the antrum (92%). 7. Tumor growth pattern showed destructive pattern in 18 cases (72%), and squamous cell carcinoma showed destructive pattern. (p<0.05).

  5. The Prevalence of Concha Bullosa and Nasal Septal Deviation and Their Relationship to Maxillary Sinusitis by Volumetric Tomography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyle D. Smith

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of concha bullosa and nasal septal deviation and their potential relationships to maxillary sinusitis. 883 CT scans taken at Creighton University School of Dentistry from 2005 to 2008 were retrospectively reviewed for the presence of concha bullosa, nasal septal deviation, and maxillary sinusitis. 67.5% of patients exhibited pneumatization of at least one concha, 19.4% of patients had a deviated septum, and 50.0% had mucosal thickening consistent with maxillary sinusitis. 49.3% of patients who had concha bullosa also had evidence of maxillary sinusitis. Only 19.5% of patients with concha bullosa also had nasal septal deviation, whereas 19.7% of patients with sinusitis also presented with nasal septal deviation. Although concha bullosa is a common occurrence in the nasal cavity, there did not appear to be a statistically significant relationship between the presence of concha bullosa or nasal septal deviation and maxillary sinusitis.

  6. A radiographic study on the mucosal cyst of the maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was performed to evaluate the role Waters' view and panoramic view for the interpretation of mucosal cyst of the maxillary sinus and to determine the radiographic features of that according to the sites and sizes. For this study, clinically 25 cases of mucosal cyst of the maxillary sinus were used, and experimentally with who dry skulls, rubber ball of 15 mm in diameter for marked radiopacity, and two jelly balls of 8 and 20 mm in diameter for the similar radiopacity to cyst were used. The 25 cases with 25 panoramic views and 15 Waters' views were first analyzed, and secondly, the radiographic features of artificial lesions attached to the each wall of the antrum on Waters' view and panoramic view were analyzed. The obtained results were as follows: At clinical analysis, 1. 4 cases of 13-14 mm, 4 cases of 15-19 mm, 14 cases of 20-25 mm, 3 cases of over 30 mm in diameter were found on panoramic views. And 24 cases of 25 cases showed no relationship with teeth, and only 1 case was associated with advanced periodontal disease. 2. The majority of mucosal cysts appeared to arise the posterior portion of the floor of the sinus and were superimposed with the inominate line of zygoma and the horizontally linear image of hard palate on panoramic view. 3. Only 2 cases of 15 cases were identified on both films.At experimental analysis, 4. On Waters' view, the images of the artificial lesion of the anterior portion and midportion of the floor of the sinus were lessenedon of the floor of the sinus were lessened in diameter compared with the real size. On panoramic views, the images of the lesion were more radiolucent with lessened diameter than images on Waters' view. 5. The images of the lesion of the posterior wall and the posterior portion of the floor of sinus on panoramic view were well detected by the preedjucated group but not or poorly detected by the non-preeducated observer group. 6. On Waters' view, both observer groups recognized that the cystic images of the posterior portion of the floor of the maxillary sinus were superimposed with the petrous portion of the skull.

  7. Histopatologia da lâmina própria do seio maxilar na rinossinusite crônica / Histopathology of maxillary sinus lamina propria in chronic rhinosinusitis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sabrina Maria de Castro, Sarreta; João Vicente, Dorgam; Bruno Beltrão de, Souza; Maria Dolores Seabra, Ferreira; Valder Rodrigues de, Melo; Wilma T., Anselmo-Lima.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available A rinossinusite crônica é definida de modo simplificado como uma inflamação crônica da mucosa nasossinusal. OBJETIVO: Na tentativa de entender o porquê das falhas terapêuticas. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Caso-controle. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Decidimos estudar as alterações inflamatórias ultraestruturais encontrad [...] as na lâmina própria do seio maxilar de 13 pacientes portadores de rinossinusite crônica (RSC) e polipose nasossinusal (PNS), submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico. Biópsias da parede súpero-lateral do seio maxilar desses pacientes foram colhidas durante o ato operatório e, após preparação, observadas através de microscopia eletrônica de transmissão. RESULTADO: Na análise dos dados obtidos, observou-se cinco padrões de resposta inflamatória nas lâminas próprias estudadas inflamatório crônico. Processo inflamatório agudo - 1 caso; processo inflamatório não agudo e não crônico - 5 casos; processo inflamatório crônico - 2 casos; processo inflamatório desorganizado - 4 casos; processo inflamatório indeterminado - 1 caso. Concluindo, a análise dos resultados mostrou que a lâmina própria do seio maxilar desses pacientes esteve infiltrada por células inflamatórias, sem predomínio específico de qualquer elemento celular. Elementos glandulares não foram observados nos casos estudados e a fibrose foi notada em quase metade deles, com intensidade variada e localização preferencial logo abaixo do epitélio. CONCLUSÃO: Na situação vista, o processo inflamatório não seguiu as etapas normais de evolução, mostrou marcante desorganização do processo inflamatório, dificuldade em caminhar até a resolução do quadro, acompanhando a mesma dificuldade de resolução clínica nos pacientes. Abstract in english Chronic rhinosinusitis is defined in a simplified manner as chronic inflammation of the rhinosinusal mucosa. AIM: In an attempt to understand the reason for treatment failure. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We decided to study the ultrastructural inflammatory changes detected in th [...] e lamina propria of the maxillary sinus of 13 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and nasosinusal polyposis submitted to surgical treatment. Biopsies of the superolateral wall of the maxillary sinus were obtained from these patients during the surgical act and, after preparation, were observed by transmission electron microscopy. RESULTS: Analysis of the data obtained showed five patterns of inflammatory response in the lamina propria studied. Acute inflammatory process - 1 case; non-acute and non-chronic inflammatory process - 5 cases; chronic inflammatory process - 2 cases; disorganized inflammatory process - 4 cases; indeterminate inflammatory process - 1 case. Analysis of the results showed that the lamina propria of the maxillary sinus of these patients was infiltrated with inflammatory cells without the predominance of any particular cell element. Glandular elements were not observed in the cases studied and fibrosis was noted in almost half of them, of varying intensity and preferentially localized immediately below the epithelium. CONCLUSION: In the situation observed the inflammatory process did not follow the normal stages of evolution and showed marked disorganization, with difficulty in progressing to resolution of the picture, thus explaining the difficulties of patients refractory to clinical and surgical treatment.

  8. Metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma presented as a tumor of the maxillary sinus and retrobulbar tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kolarevi? Daniela

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC is the most frequent primary malignant tumor of the liver. It is usually seen in the 6th and 7th decades of life and chronic hepatitis B is the most frequent cause. Extrahepatic metastasis of HCC is an indicator of a poor prognosis and the most common sites are lungs, bones, lymph nodes, kidneys and adrenal glands. We reported a case of isolated metastasis in the right maxilla, which had been found initially, before the tumor in the liver was diagnosed. Case report. A 70-year-old man underwent dental surgery of the upper right molar. Prolonged bleeding control was difficult for up to two weeks, so the biopsy was performed. Histopathological analysis revealed a metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma. Computerized tomography (CT of the abdomen revealed a diffusely heterogeneous liver parenchyma with irregular borders and two foci of mass lesions. There were metastasis in the spleen and also two pathological retroperitoneal lymph nodes were detected, but no ascit, liver cirrhosis, cholestasis or portal vein thrombosis were seen. CT of the orbital and maxillary regions revealed a tumor mass in the right maxillary sinus, spreading to the alveolar sinus, nasal cavity and partially infratemporal space. A tumor mass was in the right orbit as well, infiltrating the surrounding bones and muscles. Clinically, there was proptosis of the right eye accompanied by amaurosis. The treatment started with chemotherapy based on 5-fluorouracil (sorafenib was not available. After three cycles, control CTs showed a stable disease in the liver, but progression in the right maxillary sinus and orbit. Enucleation of the right eye was performed and postoperative radiotherapy was planed. The patient deteriorated rapidly and died, about 6 months after the disease had been diagnosed. Conclusion. Extrahepatic metastasis of HCC represents a progressive phase of the disease with poor prognosis, so the main aim of the treatment should be palliation and care of symptoms.

  9. Extensões dos seios maxilares detectadas em radiografias periapicais =Maxillary sinus extension detected by periapical radiographies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arieta, Luciana Correa et al.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available O seio maxilar é a maior das cavidades paranasais. Pode variar em relação à forma e tamanho, em indivíduos diferentes, assim como, entre os lados direito e esquerdo, em um mesmo indivíduo. Como variações em relação à forma, encontramos as extensões maxilares para o rebordo alveolar, região anterior, tuberosidade da maxila, palato, osso zigomático e região orbitária. As três primeiras são visualizadas nas radiografias periapicais. Esse estudo teve por objetivo verificar a freqüência das extensões dos seios maxilares (alveolar, para anterior e para a tuberosidade visualizadas em radiografias periapicais, bem como verificar o lado (direito ou esquerdo em que essas aparecem com maior freqüência e sua relação com as exodontias. A amostra foi composta por 100 exames contendo radiografias periapicais da região de prémolares e molares superiores, dos lados direito e esquerdo, totalizando 400 radiografias. Estas foram observadas em ambiente com iluminação de baixa intensidade, montadas em cartelas de papel preto opaco e analisadas em um único negatoscópio com auxílio de lupa de três aumentos. Os dados obtidos mostraram que as extensões alveolares são mais freqüentes que àquelas para anterior ou para a tuberosidade. Com relação ao lado, somente nas extensões para a tuberosidade, verificou-se uma tendência de maior freqüência no lado direito. Observou- se também uma associação entre presença de extensão alveolar e exodontia nas regiões de pré-molares e molares superiores (Qui-quadrado, p = 0,01. Maxillary sinus is the largest paranasal cavity. Its shape and size vary in different individuals as well as between the right and left sides in the same person. Regarding its shape variation, maxillary sinus extensions can be found at alveolar ridge, anterior region, maxillary tuberosity, palate, zygomatic bone and orbital region. The first three extensions are visualized in periapical radiographies. The aim of this study was to verify the frequency of the maxillary sinus extensions (alveolar, anterior and tuberosity visualized in periapical radiographies comparing the right and the left side, as well as its relation to extractions. The sample was composed by 100 upper premolar and molar radiographic examinations, from the right and the left sides, totalizing 400 periapical radiographies. The radiographies, mounted in a black frame, were observed in a low intensity illumination environment, using the same viewing box and with the aid of a 3× magnifying lens. The data showed that the alveolar extensions were more frequent than those from the anterior or the tuberosity. Regarding the side, only the tuberosity sinus extensions tended to be more frequent at the right side. An association between the presence of alveolar extension and tooth extraction in the upper premolar and molar regions was also observed (Chi-square, p = 0,01.

  10. A radiologic study on the experimental lesions of the maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was performed to determine the each location of lesions in the maxillary sinus and to evaluate the relationship between the floor of the antrum and the apical regions of teeth by the comparison of the panoramic view and panoramic sinus view. For this study, experimentally with two dry skulls, jelly balls of 8 mm and 15 mm in diameter containing a short wire for the radiopacity similar to the cyst and clinically 5 patients having mucosal cyst in the antrum and 10 patients having periapical lesions of upper molars were formed by using round bur and the radiopaque periapical lesions were simulated by filling the former lesions with lead foil. Each panoramic view and each panoramic sinus view of the experimental lesions and patients were obtained by using panoramic machine and analyzed. The following results obtained; 1. On the panoramic sinus view, the innominate line was approximately coincided with the most lateral portion of the antrum and the posterior wall appeared as the narrow area at the mesial side of the innominate line. The anterior wall occupied totally the mesial side of the innominate line, and the medial wall occupied the mesial half of the antrum. 2. In all cases of experimental cystic lesion attached to each wall of the antrum, the location of each lesion was able to be determined by applying Tube shift technic. 3. The palatal root and mesiobuccal root of the molar appeared as being transposed each other mesiolaterally on the panoramic and paner mesiolaterally on the panoramic and panoramic sinus views. 4. The panoramic sinus view was superior to the panoramic view in revealing the relationship between the floor of the antrum and the periapical lesion.

  11. Comparison of the Distances between the Maxillary Sinus Floor and Root-Tips of the First and Second Maxillary Molar Teeth Using Panoramic Radiography among Dolichocephalic and Brachycephalic and Mesocephalic Individuals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamidreza Arabion

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Comparison of the relationships and distance between maxillary root tips and   the maxillary sinus floor using oral panoramic in the dolichocephalic and brachycephalic compared to mesocephalic individuals. Methods: Oral panoramic images from 300 individuals were analyzed and the relationships and distance between the maxillary root tips and the sinus floor was assessed by qualitative and quantitative variables. Results: The distance was significantly higher in the brachycephalic groups than that of the mesocephalic, and the mesocephalic group showed longer distance in comparison to dolichocephalic individuals. Qualitative comparison showed that type 1 relationship was the dominant position in the brachycephalic individuals while most of dolichocephalic individuals demonstrated type 2 and 3 relationships of the molar root tips and the maxillary sinus floor. Conclusion: Higher distances between the molar root tips and the maxillary sinus floor could be expected in the brachycephalic than mesocephalic and dolichocephalic individuals

  12. Septum en Seno Maxilar: Un Estudio de 91 Cirugías Consecutivas de Elevación de Piso Sinusal Septum on Maxillary Sinus: A Study in 91 Consecutive Surgeries of Maxillary Sinus Floor Elevation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Olate

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La elevación de piso sinusal maxilar ha sido ampliamente discutida y presenta altas tasas de éxito. El objetivo de esta investigación fue establecer la prevalencia de septum intrasinusal presente en cirugías consecutivas de elevación de piso sinusal y establecer su relación con las perforaciones de membrana sinusal. Noventa y un cirugías fueron realizadas en pacientes que presentaban indicación para instalar implantes dentales en maxila posterior; fueron incluidos aquellos pacientes que presentaron documentos clínicos íntegros (ficha clínica, radiografías, entre otros y que no presentasen contraindicación del procedimiento; las cirugías fueron realizadas con anestesia local o general y fueron rellenados con biomateriales o hueso autógeno. El septum fue identificado mediante la imagen panorámica preoperatoria y de forma clínica intraoperatoria, mientras que cualquier complicación fue estudiada y relacionada con la presencia de septum; el estudio estadístico se realizó a través de la prueba test de Fisher siendo reconocido el valor de pSinus lift has been widely studied and is highly successful. The aim of this research was to establish the prevalence of intrasinusal septum in consecutive surgeries for maxillary sinus floor elevation and identify the relation with sinus membrane rupture. Ninety one surgeries were realized in patients with an indication for dental implant installation in the posterior maxilla; the patient with complete clinical and medical record (card, radiography, etc. and without contraindications for the procedure was included in the study; the surgery was realized with local or general anesthesia and the material used for inlay graft was autogenous bone or biometarials. The septum was identified by panoramic image in the preoperatory and clinically at the time of surgery; any complication was studied and related to intrasinusal septum; the statistical study was carried out with Fisher test with p value <0.05. Surgery was performed on 72 subjects (53 female and 19 male with a mean age of 44.5 years of age; in 74.7% of patients no complications were observed, while 18.7% presented sinusal membrane rupture. The septum was observed in 18.7% (16 maxillary sinus, showing 12 septum in anterior position and 4 in posterior position; the presence of septum was positively related to membrane rupture (p<0.05. Finally, we can state that the intrasinusal septum was observed in 17% and was related to intraoperatory complications as membrane rupture.

  13. Mixoma odontogênico maxilar: relato de caso clínico comprometendo seio maxilar Maxillary odontogenic myxoma involving the maxillary sinus: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allan Ulisses Carvalho de Melo

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é relatar um caso de mixoma odontogênico no lado direito da maxila com envolvimento do seio maxilar e fazer uma revisão de literatura envolvendo aspectos clínicos, radiográficos, histológicos e de tratamento desta patologia. O mixoma odontogênico dos maxilares é uma lesão benigna, sem preferência por sexo, raça ou localização, com características clínicas e radiográficas extremamente variadas, o que amplia demasiadamente o número de patologias tumorais do sistema estomatognático com as quais pode ser feito o diagnóstico diferencial.The aim of this paper is to report a case of odontogenic myxoma that affected the right maxilla and maxillary sinus. We have also reviewed the literature in regards of the clinical, radiographic, histological and treatment aspects of this pathology. Odontogenic myxomas of the maxillofacial region are benign lesions, without preference for gender, race or location, with extremely varied clinical and radiographic characteristics, thus increasing the number oral and maxillofacial region tumors with which we can make the differential diagnosis.

  14. Mixoma odontogênico maxilar: relato de caso clínico comprometendo seio maxilar / Maxillary odontogenic myxoma involving the maxillary sinus: case report

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Allan Ulisses Carvalho de, Melo; Sérgio Bartolomeu de Farias, Martorelli; Paulo Henrique de Holanda, Cavalcanti; Luiz Alcino, Gueiros; Fernando de Oliveira, Martorelli.

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é relatar um caso de mixoma odontogênico no lado direito da maxila com envolvimento do seio maxilar e fazer uma revisão de literatura envolvendo aspectos clínicos, radiográficos, histológicos e de tratamento desta patologia. O mixoma odontogênico dos maxilares é uma lesão ben [...] igna, sem preferência por sexo, raça ou localização, com características clínicas e radiográficas extremamente variadas, o que amplia demasiadamente o número de patologias tumorais do sistema estomatognático com as quais pode ser feito o diagnóstico diferencial. Abstract in english The aim of this paper is to report a case of odontogenic myxoma that affected the right maxilla and maxillary sinus. We have also reviewed the literature in regards of the clinical, radiographic, histological and treatment aspects of this pathology. Odontogenic myxomas of the maxillofacial region ar [...] e benign lesions, without preference for gender, race or location, with extremely varied clinical and radiographic characteristics, thus increasing the number oral and maxillofacial region tumors with which we can make the differential diagnosis.

  15. Comparative Study of Algipore and Decalcified Freeze - Dried Bone Allograft In Open Maxillary Sinus Elevation Using Piezo e lectric Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Habibollah Ghanba

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Background and aim. Vertical and horizontal bone resorption of the alveolar ridge are common in edentul ous jaws. In the distal area of the maxilla, an adequate bone volume is often lacking because of the proximity of the sinus cavities to crestal bone. Sinus floor augmentation is an established way of increasing the height and volume of bone in the p osterior region of the maxilla, which increase the stability of dental implants. For this purpose various materials, including auto grafts, allograf ts,alloplasts, and xenografts have been used. The aim of this study was the radiographic and clinical comparison of Algipore with decalcified freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA inthe open maxillary sinus lift technique using piezoelectric instruments. Materials and methods. A total of 20 sinus grafts were performed in 10 patients who had a severely resorbed bilateral maxillary alveolar process with a residual bone thickness of between 1 and 5 mm (mean, 3.6 mm. The operation involved anosteotomy performed on the lateral maxillary wall using piezoelectric instruments, elevation of the sinus membrane, and placement of either of the two bone graft materials in each randomly-selected side. Preoperative and postoperative standard radiographs taken at nine months of follow- up were used to compare the outcome of bone height after the maxillary sinuslifting procedure. Changes in radiographic density after sinus grafting were evaluated using densitometry. Results. The radiographic density was 76.3% on the Algipore side and 72.4% on the DFDBA side (P >0.05. The mean height of newly formed bone in the augmented area was 12.3 mm on the Algipore side and 10.7 mm on the DFDBA side (P >0.05. Conclusion. After nine months there were no considerable clinical or radiological differences in outcome between Algipore and DFDBA and both of them were recognized as acceptable materials for sinus lift procedures

  16. Septum en Seno Maxilar: Un Estudio de 91 Cirugías Consecutivas de Elevación de Piso Sinusal / Septum on Maxillary Sinus: A Study in 91 Consecutive Surgeries of Maxillary Sinus Floor Elevation

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sergio, Olate; Leandro, Pozzer; Aníbal Henrique Barbosa, Luna; Marcio de, Moraes; Renato, Mazzonetto; Roger W. Fernandes, Moreira; Jose Ricardo de, Albergaria-Barbosa.

    1219-12-01

    Full Text Available La elevación de piso sinusal maxilar ha sido ampliamente discutida y presenta altas tasas de éxito. El objetivo de esta investigación fue establecer la prevalencia de septum intrasinusal presente en cirugías consecutivas de elevación de piso sinusal y establecer su relación con las perforaciones de [...] membrana sinusal. Noventa y un cirugías fueron realizadas en pacientes que presentaban indicación para instalar implantes dentales en maxila posterior; fueron incluidos aquellos pacientes que presentaron documentos clínicos íntegros (ficha clínica, radiografías, entre otros) y que no presentasen contraindicación del procedimiento; las cirugías fueron realizadas con anestesia local o general y fueron rellenados con biomateriales o hueso autógeno. El septum fue identificado mediante la imagen panorámica preoperatoria y de forma clínica intraoperatoria, mientras que cualquier complicación fue estudiada y relacionada con la presencia de septum; el estudio estadístico se realizó a través de la prueba test de Fisher siendo reconocido el valor de p Abstract in english Sinus lift has been widely studied and is highly successful. The aim of this research was to establish the prevalence of intrasinusal septum in consecutive surgeries for maxillary sinus floor elevation and identify the relation with sinus membrane rupture. Ninety one surgeries were realized in patie [...] nts with an indication for dental implant installation in the posterior maxilla; the patient with complete clinical and medical record (card, radiography, etc.) and without contraindications for the procedure was included in the study; the surgery was realized with local or general anesthesia and the material used for inlay graft was autogenous bone or biometarials. The septum was identified by panoramic image in the preoperatory and clinically at the time of surgery; any complication was studied and related to intrasinusal septum; the statistical study was carried out with Fisher test with p value

  17. The association between paranasal computerized tomography scans and symptoms and signs in a general practice population with acute maxillary sinusitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jens Georg; Lund, Elisabeth

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between changes revealed by computerized tomography scan (CT) and symptoms, signs, and bacteriological diagnoses in a general practice population who had been diagnosed with acute maxillary sinusitis (AMS). This study was designed as a prospective cohort study in Danish general practice in cooperation with the otorhinolaryngology and neuroradiology departments at Aalborg County Hospital. One hundred and seventy-four patients, aged 18-65 years, suspected of having AMS were included. The strongest associations were with purulent nasal discharge, preceding upper respiratory tract infection, maxillary toothache and oedema over the maxillary sinuses. Self-reported previous sinusitis was negatively associated with sinus infection. There was a strong association between increasing values of C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate and changes on the CT scan. CT scans contributed only little to the final diagnosis, whereas increased CRP values and elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rates were more reliable indicators of inflammation in the sinuses.

  18. Penetrating maxillary sinus injury caused by a construction nail passing through the orbital cavity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simsek, Tekin; Demir, Bulent; Yosma, Engin; Keles, Musa K; Abdullayev, Asef

    2014-03-01

    Because of its anatomic position, the orbit is frequently subject to trauma, leading to functional and cosmetic problems. After blunt trauma, orbital fractures can cause functional problems by trapping the periocular tissues without affecting the anatomic integrity of the globe. In comparison, high-energy penetrating injuries can cause serious consequences such as disrupting the lacrimal drainage system and causing loss of vision. In rare cases, however, penetration of the orbit by a foreign body can result in a treatable injury that causes no functional or cosmetic problems.This article presents a patient in whom a nail penetrated the orbit from the inferomedial margin and reached the maxillary sinus without damaging the globe, extraocular muscles, or lacrimal duct system. Reports of similar injuries are reviewed, focusing on the anatomic structures that might be traumatized, to guide the readers in considering the diagnosis and treatment of such injuries. PMID:24469378

  19. Long-term prognosis of maxillary sinus malignant tumor patients treated by fast neutron radiation therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    From 1976 through 1990, 19 patients with maxillary sinus malignant tumor were treated with combination therapy consisting of maxillectomy and radiation of fast neutron. Fast neutron radiotherapy was performed at National Institute of Radiological Sciences. Eight patients had adenoid cystic carcinomas, three patients squamous cell carcinomas, one patient a carcinoma in pleomorphic adenoma, four patients fibrosarcomas, one patient osteosarcoma, one patient chondrosarcoma and one patient rhabdomyosarcoma. Fast neutron therapy after/before surgery was effective in fresh cases with T2-3N0M0 adenoid cystic carcinomas and sarcomas (except for fibrosarcoma). Nine patients were alive more than three years after treatment. And serious complications of fast neutron radiation therapy appeared in six of these nine patients. Visual impairment of opposite side occurred in four patients. Bone necrosis occured in one patient and brain dysfunction in one patient. (author)

  20. Odontogenic myxoma of maxillary sinus: CT and MR-pathologic correlation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Asaumi, Jun-ichi E-mail: asaumi@dent.okayama-u.ac.jp; Konouchi, Hironobu; Hisatomi, Miki; Kishi, Kanji

    2001-01-01

    We showed the characteristic features of odontogenic myxoma in the maxillary sinus with computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and histopathological findings. CT images showed a multilocular soft tissue mass with bone destruction and thinning, and the characteristic finding of this lesion as strands of fine lacelike density. MRI revealed intermediate signal intensity on T1-weighted image and high signal intensity on T2-weighted image. MRI showed the erosive extent of the lesion into the adjacent structures. In contrast T1-weighted image, the peripheral portion of the lesion with a relatively large quantity of collagen bundles was enhanced, while the central portion with only mucoid component was not. The CT and MRI appearances correlated well with the histologic features and therefore were considered to be a useful tool for diagnosis of myxoma.

  1. Elevación de piso de seno maxilar: consideraciones anatómicas y clínicas. Revisión de la literatura / Maxillary Sinus Augmentation: Anatomic and Clinic Considerations. Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jhon Fredy Briceño Castellanos

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available La elevación de piso de seno maxilar es uno de los procedimientos preimplantares másrealizados en la práctica odontológica. El objetivo de este artículo es reportar la evidenciadisponible sobre las implicaciones anatómicas y clínicas del procedimiento de elevación depiso para toma de decisiones clínicas. A partir de una búsqueda en la base Pubmed, Se hizouna revisión de literatura de artículos publicados en revistas de odontología y otorrinolaringologíaentre 1980 y el 2011. La literatura encontrada se organizó en los siguientes temas:anatomía del seno maxilar, patología del seno maxilar, técnica de elevación de piso deseno maxilar y complicaciones por elevación de piso de seno maxilar. Con relación a otrosprocedimientos con la misma indicación, la elevación de seno maxilar es el más reportadoy ofrece los resultados más predecibles. Hay pocos estudios que reportan complicacionespor elevación de piso de seno maxilar y su manejo. Maxillary sinus augmentation is one of most commonly performed clinical dental proceduresprevious to implant treatment. The aim of this article is to report the available literatureabout anatomical and clinical implications of the maxillary sinus lift procedure to supportclinical decisions. A literature review of articles published between 1980 and 2011 in dentaland otolaryngology journals was carried out at the Pubmed database. Found referenceswere grouped in the following themes: maxillary sinus anatomy, maxillary sinus pathology,maxillary sinus augmentation technique, and complications for maxillary sinus augmentation.Among other procedures performed for similar conditions, maxillary sinus augmentationis the most reported and the one that provides the most predictable results. Only afew studies report complications and management problems with the maxillary sinus lift.

  2. Case Report: retained gutta-percha as a cause for persistent maxillary sinusitis and pain [v2; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/3c6

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin L. Hodnett

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Dental sources of infection can produce acute and chronic maxillary sinusitis. In some cases, the source of the infection may be related to the presence of endodontic materials in the oral cavity. In this article, we report a case of retained gutta-percha in the maxillary sinus resulting in chronic sinusitis.

  3. Primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the maxillary sinus in an elderly male: A case report and literature review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shah, Saiquat [Dept. of Dental Public Health, Bangladesh Dental College, Dhaka (Bangladesh); Huh, Kyung Hoe; Yi, Won Jin; Heo, Min Suk; Lee, Sam Sun; Choi, Soon Chul [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-12-15

    Primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET), which belongs to the Ewing's sarcoma (ES) family of tumors, is mainly seen in children and young adults. PNETs are extremely rare in the maxilla. Here, we report a case of PNET of the left maxillary sinus in an elderly male. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a slightly enhanced solid mass occupying the left maxillary sinus and infiltrating into the retroantral space. A partial maxillectomy was performed. Despite postoperative chemotherapy, follow-up computed tomography (CT) and MRI revealed a nodal metastasis in the submandibular space. Neck dissection was performed. However, the patient died 10 months after the second surgery because of distant metastasis to the liver. MRI and CT were particularly useful in detecting the extent of the tumor, recurrence, and metastasis. Further, a literature review of the previously reported PNET cases of the maxilla was carried out. In this paper, we also discuss the current approach for the diagnosis and management of these tumors.

  4. Primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the maxillary sinus in an elderly male: A case report and literature review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET), which belongs to the Ewing's sarcoma (ES) family of tumors, is mainly seen in children and young adults. PNETs are extremely rare in the maxilla. Here, we report a case of PNET of the left maxillary sinus in an elderly male. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a slightly enhanced solid mass occupying the left maxillary sinus and infiltrating into the retroantral space. A partial maxillectomy was performed. Despite postoperative chemotherapy, follow-up computed tomography (CT) and MRI revealed a nodal metastasis in the submandibular space. Neck dissection was performed. However, the patient died 10 months after the second surgery because of distant metastasis to the liver. MRI and CT were particularly useful in detecting the extent of the tumor, recurrence, and metastasis. Further, a literature review of the previously reported PNET cases of the maxilla was carried out. In this paper, we also discuss the current approach for the diagnosis and management of these tumors.

  5. Correlation of Fractal Dimension with Histomorphometry in Maxillary Sinus Lifting Using Autogenous Bone Graft

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rafael Scaf de, Molon; Wagner Nunes de, Paula; Rubens, Spin-Neto; Mario Henrique Arruda, Verzola; Guilherme Monteiro, Tosoni; Raphael Carlos Comelli, Lia; Gulnara, Scaf; Elcio Marcantonio, Jr.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar o padrão de remodelação óssea após levantamento de seio maxilar in humanos por meio de analise de dimensão fractal (FD) e histomorfometria. Além disso, a correlação entre FD e histomorfometria foi avaliada. Dezesseis [...] pacientes com edentulismo na região posterior da maxila foram relacionados para este estudo. Levantamento de seio maxilar foi realizado utilizando-se enxerto de osso autógeno coletado da região retro molar da mandíbula. Três radiografias panorâmicas digitais foram obtidas: antes da cirurgia (Grupo 1), imediatamente após o levantamento de seio (Grupo 2) e após 6 meses de cicatrização (Grupo 3) para analise de FD. Biopsias foram coletadas após 6 meses, processadas e submetidas para analise histológica e histomorfométrica. Os dados foram analisados utilizando-se o teste Shapiro-Wilk e ANOVA seguido pelo pós teste de Tukey (a=0.05). A fração de volume de ósseo neoformado para o osso trabecular (TB) e para a área medular (MA) foi mensurado como 65,75%±17,16% and 37,25±17,16%, respectivamente. Diferença significante na analise FD foi observada entre os grupos 1 e 3. Nenhuma diferença estatística foi encontrada para correlação entre FD e histomorfometria para TB e MA (p=0,84). Em conclusão, todas as análises realizadas foram efetivas em acessar o padrão de remodelação ósseo no seio maxilar, oferecendo informações complementares sobre cicatrização e previsibilidade de resultados. Não houve correlação entre FD e histomorfometria. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to determine the pattern of bone remodeling after maxillary sinus lifting in humans by means of fractal dimension (FD) and histomorphometric analysis. Therefore, the correlation between FD and the histomorphometric findings was e [...] valuated. Sixteen patients with posterior edentulous maxilla were enrolled in this study. Maxillary sinus lifting was performed using autogenous bone grafted from the mandibular retromolar area. Three direct digital panoramic radiographs were obtained: before surgery (Group 1), immediately postoperatively (Group 2) and after 6 months of healing (Group 3) for FD analysis. Biopsies were taken after 6 months, processed and submitted to histological and histomorphometric analysis. Data were analyzed by Shapiro-Wilk test and ANOVA test followed by a Tukey test (a=0.05). The bone volume fraction of newly trabecular bone (TB) and medullary area (MA) was measured as 62.75%±17.16% and 37.25±17.16%, respectively. Significant difference in FD analysis was measured between Group 1 and Group 3. No significant difference was found in the correlation between FD and histomorphometric analysis for TB and MA (p=0.84). In conclusion, all performed analyses were effective in assessing the bone-remodeling pattern in the maxillary sinus, offering complementary information about healing and predictable outcomes. There were no correlations between FD and histomorphometric analysis.

  6. Three cases of organized hematoma of the maxillary sinus: clinical features and immunohistological studies for vascular endothelial growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 expressions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imayoshi, Shoichiro; Kanazawa, Takeharu; Fukushima, Noriyoshi; Kikuchi, Hisashi; Hasegawa, Masayo; Nagatomo, Takafumi; Nishino, Hiroshi

    2015-01-01

    Objectives. Organized hematoma (OH) is a rare, nonneoplastic, hemorrhagic lesion causing mucosal swelling and bone thinning, mainly in the maxillary sinus. We aimed to clarify the clinical presentation and treatment of OH. Methods. Three cases of maxillary sinus OH and a literature review are presented. Results. Three men aged 16-40 years complained of nasal obstruction, frequent epistaxis, and/or headache. Clinical and radiological examinations revealed a maxillary sinus OH. They were cured in a piecemeal fashion via endoscopic middle meatal antrostomy. Furthermore, vascular endothelial growth factor and its receptor were expressed in the lesion. Conclusions. The pathogenesis of OH is unclear and it presents various histological and imaging findings; however, it is not difficult to rule out malignant tumors. Minimally invasive surgery such as endoscopic sinus surgery can cure it completely. Thus, it is important to determine the diagnosis using CT and MRI and to quickly provide surgical treatment. PMID:25699195

  7. Three Cases of Organized Hematoma of the Maxillary Sinus: Clinical Features and Immunohistological Studies for Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor 2 Expressions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imayoshi, Shoichiro; Kanazawa, Takeharu; Fukushima, Noriyoshi; Kikuchi, Hisashi; Hasegawa, Masayo; Nagatomo, Takafumi; Nishino, Hiroshi

    2015-01-01

    Objectives. Organized hematoma (OH) is a rare, nonneoplastic, hemorrhagic lesion causing mucosal swelling and bone thinning, mainly in the maxillary sinus. We aimed to clarify the clinical presentation and treatment of OH. Methods. Three cases of maxillary sinus OH and a literature review are presented. Results. Three men aged 16–40 years complained of nasal obstruction, frequent epistaxis, and/or headache. Clinical and radiological examinations revealed a maxillary sinus OH. They were cured in a piecemeal fashion via endoscopic middle meatal antrostomy. Furthermore, vascular endothelial growth factor and its receptor were expressed in the lesion. Conclusions. The pathogenesis of OH is unclear and it presents various histological and imaging findings; however, it is not difficult to rule out malignant tumors. Minimally invasive surgery such as endoscopic sinus surgery can cure it completely. Thus, it is important to determine the diagnosis using CT and MRI and to quickly provide surgical treatment. PMID:25699195

  8. CLINICAL USE OF MODERN FLUOROQUINOLONES IN DENTAL IMPLANTATION AND MAXILLARY SINUS LIFTING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.A. Novikov

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available New fluoroquinolones like levofloxacine, with broad-spectrum of effect which is also active against anaerobic bacteria, is a prospective drug for the prevention of the inflammatory complications in implant dentistry and maxillary sinus augmentation. 34 patients have been selected for this study, including 16 women and 18 men aged 18-65. All the patients have been classified into the main and control groups. Patiens of the first group have been prescribed 500 mg of levofloxacine before and after the operation two times a day for 10 days. Patients of the control group have been treated with amocxicilline. In the control group, which has used amoxicilline, Streptococcus sanguis, Streptococcus salivarius and anaerobic bacteria have been identified. The amount of Prevotella intermedia is insignificant. The same picture has been found with Fusobacterium spp. The rate of Actinomyces spp. was insignificant over the whole period of study. Patients of the experimental group had a slightly different distribution of bacteria. On the 10th day after the operation in the main patient group no periodontal pathogenesis, which may cause inflammatory complications have been identified. During the early post-operative period no significant differences have been observed among the patients of both groups.

  9. Calvarial autogenous bone graft for maxillary ridge and sinus reconstruction for rehabilitation with dental implants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bastos, Alliny Souza; Spin-Neto, Rubens

    2014-01-01

    Autogenous bone grafting is the gold-standard technique for bone augmentation procedures prior to implant placement. If the amount of available intraoral donor bone is insufficient, it is necessary to harvest bone graft from extraoral sites, such as calvaria. Although this technique is well established, only a few case reports show the histological analysis of the grafted bone at the moment of implant placement. This article reports the case of a 48-year-old female patient with a critical atrophic maxillary ridge reconstructed using autogenous calvarial bone graft prior to implant placement, with clinical and histological evaluation. Bone was collected under general anesthesia from the parietal bone. The outer cortical originated the bone blocks, and the medullar bone layer between was collected to be used in the sinus augmentation procedure, together with 5 of the bone blocks triturated. Six months after bone augmentation, 8 implants were placed in the grafted area and 2 biopsies were retrieved (anterior andthe posterior regions), allowing the visualization of the bone-remodeling process in the grafted areas. The patient had a stable recovery. Our results showed that although necrotic bone could still be seen in the outer layer of the grafted area, the interface between this necrotic bone and the already remodeled bone was consistent with biocompatibility. Two-year radiographic evaluation showed success of the grafts and the implants in supporting an esthetic and functionally stable prosthesis. Summarizing, calvarial bone grafts are a viable alternative for the attainment of adequate bone volume prior to implant placement.

  10. Ameloblastomas en la infancia localizados en el seno maxilar / Ameloblastomas of the maxillary sinus in children

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carlos E., Zamora Linares.

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available El ameloblastoma es un tumor odontogénico descrito como una lesión anatómicamente benigna y clínicamente persistente, que afecta a los huesos maxilares, principalmente a la mandíbula. No es frecuente en niños y los criterios de tratamiento quirúrgico en la infancia son controversiales, debido, en pa [...] rte, al riesgo de recurrencia cuando se practican métodos conservadores. Por otro lado, el tratamiento radical puede trastornar el crecimiento maxilofacial y provocar graves problemas estéticos y funcionales. Se describen 2 casos clínicos de niños con ameloblastomas monoquísticos localizados en el seno maxilar y tratados conservadoramente, los cuales después de 7 y 4 años, respectivamente, de seguimiento no han mostrado signos clínicos ni radiográficos de recurrencia tumoral. Abstract in english The ameloblastoma is an odontogenic tumor described as an anatomically benign and clinically persistent lesion affecting the jaws, especially the mandible. It is rare in children and the criteria for surgery in the childhood are controversial, partly due to the risk of recurrence when conservative m [...] ethods are practiced. On the other hand, a radical treatment can alter the maxillofacial growth and cause serious esthetic and functional problems. Two clinical cases of children with unicystic ameloblastoma located in the maxillary sinus and treated conservatively are described, who after 7 and 4 years of follow-up, respectively, showed no clinical and radiographic signs of tumor recurrence.

  11. Investigation of multipotent postnatal stem cells from human maxillary sinus membrane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, JunBing; Weng, JunQuan; Rong, Qiong; Zhang, Xing; Zhu, ShuangXi; Huang, DaiYing; Li, Xiang; Chen, Song Ling

    2015-01-01

    Maxillary sinus membrane (MSM) elevation is a common surgical technique for increasing bone height in the posterior maxilla prior to dental implant placement. However, the biological nature of bone regeneration in MSM remains largely unidentified. In this study, MSM tissue was obtained from 16 individuals during orthognathic surgery and used to isolate MSM stem cells (MSMSCs) by single-colony selection and STRO-1 cell sorting. The cell characteristics in terms of colony-forming ability, cell surface antigens, multi-differentiation potential and in vivo implantation were all evaluated. It was found that MSMSCs were of mesenchymal origin and positive for mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) markers such as STRO-1, CD146, CD29 and CD44; furthermore, under defined culture conditions, MSMSCs were able to form mineral deposits and differentiate into adipocytes and chondrocytes. When transplanted into immunocompromised rodents, MSMSCs showed the capacity to generate bone-like tissue and, importantly, maintain their MSC characteristics after in vivo implantation. These findings provide cellular and molecular evidence that MSM contains stem cells that show functional potential in bone regeneration for dental implant. PMID:26119339

  12. Morphometric Analysis of Developing Maxillary Sinuses in Human Foetuses / Análisis Morfométrico del Desarrollo de los Senos Maxilares en Fetos Humanos

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ghaus, Farah; Ahmad Faruqi, Nafis.

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available El desarrollo de los senos paranasales en humanos y en muchos mamíferos ha permanecido como un enigma hace ya varios milenios. Análisis morfométricos de los senos maxilares en fetos humanos no han sido suficientemente documentados y en la India son inexistentes. El presente estudio fue llevado a cab [...] o para determinar los diferentes diámetros, el padrón de crecimiento, el dimorfismo sexual y las variaciones bilaterales en los senos maxilares de 37 fetos humanos de diferentes edades (16-34 semanas de vida intrauterina), los cuales fueron divididos en 5 grupos etarios. Los senos maxilares fueron disecados por la parte nasal del maxilar y los diversos diámetros fueron medidos con la ayuda de un caliper. El crecimiento porcentual del diámetro AP fue +48% en los fetos de 17-20 semanas (p Abstract in english The development of the paranasal sinuses, in human race and in many mammals remained as much an enigma as it did nearly two millennia ago. Morphometric analysis of maxillary sinuses in human foetuses are not fully documented and also their morphological studies in Indian population are non-existent. [...] So the present study was conducted to determine the different diameters, the pattern of growth, sexual dimorphism and bilateral variations in maxillary sinuses. 37 human foetuses of different age groups (16 - 34 wks of IUL) were divided into five groups on the basis of age. Maxillary sinuses were dissected out from the nasal aspects of maxillae and their various diameters were measured with the help of Vernier callipers. The percent growth of AP diameter was +48% in 17-20 wks (p

  13. Ausência de fluxo aéreo nasal e desenvolvimento dos seios maxilares Absence of nasal air flow and maxillary sinus development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Eustáquio dos Santos Guimarães

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Os mecanismos responsáveis pelo desenvolvimento dos seios paranasais ainda são pouco conhecidos, o fluxo aéreo nasal segundo uma das teorias propostas seria fundamental ao crescimento e desenvolvimento saudável dos seios paranasais. OBJETIVO: Estudar comparativamente o desenvolvimento dos seios maxilares e a presença de sinusopatia, em um mesmo modelo, na ausência e presença de fluxo aéreo nasal posterior. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo transversal de uma série de casos; os exames tomográficos pré-operatórios de 7 pacientes com atresia coanal unilateral, idade média 16.28 anos (± 5,024. Este estudo realizado em um hospital terciário, com pacientes que passaram neste serviço entre os anos de 1994 e 2004. A área dos seios maxilares foi medida com auxílio do programa Auto-Cad. Utilizou-se o teste de Kruskal-Wallis para análise estatística. RESULTADOS: Nesse estudo observou-se seios maxilares simétricos e até mesmo maiores no lado da atresia coanal em 85,71% dos casos, não houve diferença estatística significativa entre os dois lados comparados. Não se observou sinais de tomográficos de sinusopatia neste grupo de pacientes. CONCLUSÃO: Os achados aqui apresentados contrariam a teoria difusamente aceita sobre o papel do fluxo aéreo nasal na saúde e no desenvolvimento das cavidades paranasais.Paranasal sinuses development mechanisms are not well known. Nasal air flow, according to one of the proposed theories, would be fundamental to the growth and healthy development of paranasal sinuses. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the maxillary sinus growth and health in the presence and absence of postnasal air flow through a unique model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of a series of cases; preoperative CT scans of 7 patients with unilateral choanal atresia, average age was 16.28 years (± 5.024. This study was done in a tertiary hospital, with patients treated between 1994 and 2004. The area of the maxillary sinuses was measured with the aid an Auto-Cad software. Kruskal-Wallis test was used in the statistical analysis. RESULTS: Symmetrical or even bigger maxillary sinuses were found in the same side of the choanal atresia in 85.71% of the cases. There was no significant statistic difference between compared sides. CT Scan signs of sinus disease were not seem in these patients. DISCUSSION: These findings oppose the commonly accepted theory about the role of nasal air flow in health and development of paranasal cavities.

  14. Ausência de fluxo aéreo nasal e desenvolvimento dos seios maxilares / Absence of nasal air flow and maxillary sinus development

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Roberto Eustáquio dos Santos, Guimarães; Gustavo Coelho dos, Anjos; Celso Gonçalves, Becker; Helena Maria Gonçalves, Becker; Paulo Fernando Tormin Borges, Crosara; Cláudia Pena, Galvão.

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Os mecanismos responsáveis pelo desenvolvimento dos seios paranasais ainda são pouco conhecidos, o fluxo aéreo nasal segundo uma das teorias propostas seria fundamental ao crescimento e desenvolvimento saudável dos seios paranasais. OBJETIVO: Estudar comparativamente o desenvolvimento dos seios maxi [...] lares e a presença de sinusopatia, em um mesmo modelo, na ausência e presença de fluxo aéreo nasal posterior. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo transversal de uma série de casos; os exames tomográficos pré-operatórios de 7 pacientes com atresia coanal unilateral, idade média 16.28 anos (± 5,024). Este estudo realizado em um hospital terciário, com pacientes que passaram neste serviço entre os anos de 1994 e 2004. A área dos seios maxilares foi medida com auxílio do programa Auto-Cad. Utilizou-se o teste de Kruskal-Wallis para análise estatística. RESULTADOS: Nesse estudo observou-se seios maxilares simétricos e até mesmo maiores no lado da atresia coanal em 85,71% dos casos, não houve diferença estatística significativa entre os dois lados comparados. Não se observou sinais de tomográficos de sinusopatia neste grupo de pacientes. CONCLUSÃO: Os achados aqui apresentados contrariam a teoria difusamente aceita sobre o papel do fluxo aéreo nasal na saúde e no desenvolvimento das cavidades paranasais. Abstract in english Paranasal sinuses development mechanisms are not well known. Nasal air flow, according to one of the proposed theories, would be fundamental to the growth and healthy development of paranasal sinuses. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the maxillary sinus growth and health in the presence an [...] d absence of postnasal air flow through a unique model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of a series of cases; preoperative CT scans of 7 patients with unilateral choanal atresia, average age was 16.28 years (± 5.024). This study was done in a tertiary hospital, with patients treated between 1994 and 2004. The area of the maxillary sinuses was measured with the aid an Auto-Cad software. Kruskal-Wallis test was used in the statistical analysis. RESULTS: Symmetrical or even bigger maxillary sinuses were found in the same side of the choanal atresia in 85.71% of the cases. There was no significant statistic difference between compared sides. CT Scan signs of sinus disease were not seem in these patients. DISCUSSION: These findings oppose the commonly accepted theory about the role of nasal air flow in health and development of paranasal cavities.

  15. Carcinoma of Maxillary Sinus. A case Presentation. Carcinoma de seno maxilar. Presentación de caso.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando Jesús Sotolongo Terry

    Full Text Available

    Tumors of the nasosinuous tract developed in the air cavities usually present a considerable growing before the patient feel any symptom or sign. Great part of the symptomatology is given due to the invasion of the tumor to neighbour structures such as oral and nasal cavities and orbits. A case of a 62 year-old male patient is presented after being under a dental extraction. A bucco-sinuous communication was diagnosed. It did not respond to different treatments and after some moths an epidermoid carcinoma of the right maxillary sinus appeared. It is of great interest to let this case been known in order to outstand the importance of an early diagnosis to get a better vital prognosis in this kinds of lesions.

    Los tumores del tracto nasosinusal al desarrollarse en cavidades aéreas, suelen presentar un considerable crecimiento antes de dar lugar a signos y síntomas. Gran parte de la sintomatología se debe a la invasión del tumor a estructuras vecinas, como son la órbita y la cavidad nasal y oral. Se presenta el caso de un paciente masculino, de 62 años de edad, al cual, tras haber sido sometido a una extracción dentaria, se le diagnosticó una comunicación bucosinusal, que no cedió a varias formas de tratamiento, lo que resultó varios meses después en un carcinoma epidermoide del seno maxilar derecho. El interés de dar a conocer este caso, radica en destacar la importancia de un diagnóstico precoz para conseguir mejorar el pronóstico vital en este tipo de afecciones.

  16. Neoadjuvant intra-arterial chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy and surgery in patients with advanced maxillary sinus cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The optimal treatment of advanced maxillary sinus cancer has been challenging for several decades. Intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) for head and neck cancer has been controversial. We have analyzed the long-term outcome of neoadjuvant IAC followed by radiation therapy (RT) and surgery. Twenty-seven patients with advanced maxillary sinus cancer were treated between 1989 and 2002. Five-fluorouracil (5-FU, 500 mg/m2) was infused intra-arterially, and followed by RT (total 50.4 Gy/28 fractions). A planned surgery was performed 3 to 4 weeks after completion of IAC and RT. At a median follow-up of 77 months (range, 12 to 169 months), the 5-year rates of overall survival in all patients were 63%. The 5-year rates of overall survival of stage T3/T4 patients were 70.0% and 58.8%, respectively. Seven of fourteen patients with disease recurrence had a local recurrence alone. The 5-year actuarial local control rates in patients with stage T3/T4, and in all patients were 20.0%, 32.3%, and 27.4%, respectively. Overall response rate after the completion of IAC and RT was 70.3%. During the follow-up, seven patients (25.9%) showed mild to moderate late complications. The tumor extent (i.e., the involvement of either orbit and/or base of skull) appeared to be related with local recurrence. Neoadjuvant IAC with 5-FU followed by RT and surgery may be effective to improve local tumor control in the patients with advanced maxillary sinus cancer. However, local failure was still the major cause of death. Further investigations are required to determine the optimal treatment schedule, radiotherapy techniques and chemotherapy regimens.

  17. Bone Engineering of Maxillary Sinus Bone Deficiencies Using Enriched CD90+ Stem Cell Therapy: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaigler, Darnell; Avila-Ortiz, Gustavo; Travan, Suncica; Taut, Andrei D; Padial-Molina, Miguel; Rudek, Ivan; Wang, Feng; Lanis, Alejandro; Giannobile, William V

    2015-07-01

    Bone engineering of localized craniofacial osseous defects or deficiencies by stem cell therapy offers strong prospects to improve treatment predictability for patient care. The aim of this phase 1/2 randomized, controlled clinical trial was to evaluate reconstruction of bone deficiencies of the maxillary sinus with transplantation of autologous cells enriched with CD90+ stem cells and CD14+ monocytes. Thirty human participants requiring bone augmentation of the maxillary sinus were enrolled. Patients presenting with 50% to 80% bone deficiencies of the maxillary sinus were randomized to receive either stem cells delivered onto a ?-tricalcium phosphate scaffold or scaffold alone. Four months after treatment, clinical, radiographic, and histologic analyses were performed to evaluate de novo engineered bone. At the time of alveolar bone core harvest, oral implants were installed in the engineered bone and later functionally restored with dental tooth prostheses. Radiographic analyses showed no difference in the total bone volume gained between treatment groups; however, density of the engineered bone was higher in patients receiving stem cells. Bone core biopsies showed that stem cell therapy provided the greatest benefit in the most severe deficiencies, yielding better bone quality than control patients, as evidenced by higher bone volume fraction (BVF; 0.5 versus 0.4; p?=?0.04). Assessment of the relation between degree of CD90+ stem cell enrichment and BVF showed that the higher the CD90 composition of transplanted cells, the greater the BVF of regenerated bone (r?=?0.56; p?=?0.05). Oral implants were placed and restored with functionally loaded dental restorations in all patients and no treatment-related adverse events were reported at the 1-year follow-up. These results provide evidence that cell-based therapy using enriched CD90+ stem cell populations is safe for maxillary sinus floor reconstruction and offers potential to accelerate and enhance tissue engineered bone quality in other craniofacial bone defects and deficiencies (Clinicaltrials.gov NCT00980278). © 2015 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research. © 2015 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research. PMID:25652112

  18. Accuracy of panoramic radiographs in determining the relationship of posterior root apices and maxillary sinus floor by Cone-Beam CT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoorieh Bashizadeh Fakhar

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available   Background and Aims: It is crucial to verify the relationship between root apices and maxillary sinus floor in some surgical procedures like extraction and implant placement or in orthodontic movements like intrusion. Protrusion of roots into the sinus increases the risk of post extraction pneumatization which in turn decreases the available bone at the implant or denture sites. The aim of this study was to determine the panoramic radiology accuracy for defining the relationship between posterior root apices and the maxillary sinus floor by Cone Beam CT (CBCT.   Materials and Methods: Paired panoramic radiographs and CBCT images of 117 subjects were examined. 452 posterior maxillary roots including second premolar, first and second molar were classified by the means of the relationship with maxillary sinus floor. CBCT was used as Gold standard method, and the agreement of panoramic findings with CBCT was examined statistically. Data were analyzed using Chi-square and Multiple logistic regressions.   Results: Agreement of the panoramic and CBCT results were seen in 57.7% of all cases. Roots which had no contacts with the sinus floor (class 0 showed a high agreement of 89.5% between two imaging techniques. Roots in contact with sinus floor (class 1 showed 58.8 % and cases with root protrusion into sinus cavity (class 3, 4 showed 50% of agreement (P<0.001. Also in 36% of cases with no protrusion into the sinus cavity (class 0, 1, 2, panoramic showed protrusion. The agreement for the premolar was higher than molars (P<0.001   Conclusion: The majority of roots which their images were projected on the sinus cavity had no vertical protrusion in CBCT cuts. Considering the results, in these cases CBCT can be recommended.

  19. Erbium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet laser???assisted access osteotomy for maxillary sinus elevation: a human and animal cadaver study

    OpenAIRE

    St??binger, S; Nuss, K; Sebesteny, T; Saldamli, B; Sader, R; von Rechenberg, B

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usability of a variable square pulse (VSP) erbium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet (Er:YAG) laser for a lateral access osteotomy to the maxillary sinus in the course of a sinus elevation procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In six formalin-fixed human heads and six fresh sheep heads, a VSP Er:YAG laser was used to perform a bilateral maxillary access osteotomy. For the osteotomies, the Er:YAG laser was applied with a pulse energy of 1000 mJ, a pulse duration of 300 m...

  20. Endoscopically assisted procedure for removal of a foreign body from the maxillary sinus and contemporary endodontic surgical treatment of the tooth

    OpenAIRE

    Sembronio Salvatore; Toro Corrado; Robiony Massimo; Costa Fabio; Politi Massimo

    2006-01-01

    Abstract There have been reports on the migration of teeth or implants into the maxillary sinus. We know of only one report on the migration of a gutta-percha point that had been used to fill a root canal into the ethmoid sinus. We report such a case treated with an endoscopically assisted procedure for removal of the foreign body and contemporary endodontic surgical treatment of the tooth.

  1. Endoscopically assisted procedure for removal of a foreign body from the maxillary sinus and contemporary endodontic surgical treatment of the tooth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Fabio; Robiony, Massimo; Toro, Corrado; Sembronio, Salvatore; Politi, Massimo

    2006-01-01

    There have been reports on the migration of teeth or implants into the maxillary sinus. We know of only one report on the migration of a gutta-percha point that had been used to fill a root canal into the ethmoid sinus. We report such a case treated with an endoscopically assisted procedure for removal of the foreign body and contemporary endodontic surgical treatment of the tooth. PMID:17090337

  2. Endoscopically assisted procedure for removal of a foreign body from the maxillary sinus and contemporary endodontic surgical treatment of the tooth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sembronio Salvatore

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract There have been reports on the migration of teeth or implants into the maxillary sinus. We know of only one report on the migration of a gutta-percha point that had been used to fill a root canal into the ethmoid sinus. We report such a case treated with an endoscopically assisted procedure for removal of the foreign body and contemporary endodontic surgical treatment of the tooth.

  3. Morphometric Analysis of Developing Maxillary Sinuses in Human Foetuses Análisis Morfométrico del Desarrollo de los Senos Maxilares en Fetos Humanos

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    Ghaus Farah

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available The development of the paranasal sinuses, in human race and in many mammals remained as much an enigma as it did nearly two millennia ago. Morphometric analysis of maxillary sinuses in human foetuses are not fully documented and also their morphological studies in Indian population are non-existent. So the present study was conducted to determine the different diameters, the pattern of growth, sexual dimorphism and bilateral variations in maxillary sinuses. 37 human foetuses of different age groups (16 - 34 wks of IUL were divided into five groups on the basis of age. Maxillary sinuses were dissected out from the nasal aspects of maxillae and their various diameters were measured with the help of Vernier callipers. The percent growth of AP diameter was +48% in 17-20 wks (p El desarrollo de los senos paranasales en humanos y en muchos mamíferos ha permanecido como un enigma hace ya varios milenios. Análisis morfométricos de los senos maxilares en fetos humanos no han sido suficientemente documentados y en la India son inexistentes. El presente estudio fue llevado a cabo para determinar los diferentes diámetros, el padrón de crecimiento, el dimorfismo sexual y las variaciones bilaterales en los senos maxilares de 37 fetos humanos de diferentes edades (16-34 semanas de vida intrauterina, los cuales fueron divididos en 5 grupos etarios. Los senos maxilares fueron disecados por la parte nasal del maxilar y los diversos diámetros fueron medidos con la ayuda de un caliper. El crecimiento porcentual del diámetro AP fue +48% en los fetos de 17-20 semanas (p <0.001, el diámetro vertical fue de +60% (p <0.001.Los diámetros AP de ambos lados de un feto tuvieron una variación significativa (p <0.005 en menores de 17 semanas. Los diámetros AP fueron invariablemente mayores en fetos masculinos, pero una variación significativa (p <0.001 fue encontrada solamente en individuos de 26 a 36 semanas, mientras que una variación significativa (p <0.02 fue observada en los diámetros transversos en fetos masculinos de 21-25 semanas. Las dimensiones anteroposteriores mostraron un crecimiento más rápido, mientras que otros diámetros fueron en concordancia con la circcunferencia craneal. Se puede concluir que: 1 Diámetros diferentes del seno maxilar tienen una aceleración de crecimiento en diferentes periodos de la vida intrauterina. 2 Valores de los diámetros AP permanecen más altos, desde el inicio al término de la vida intrauterina. 3 Los senos maxilares permanecen relativamente más amplios en fetos masculinos a través de su vida

  4. Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinusitis means your sinuses are inflamed. The cause can be an infection or another problem. Your sinuses ... and cause pain. There are several types of sinusitis, including Acute, which lasts up to 4 weeks ...

  5. Histological evaluation of maxillary sinus floor augmentation with recombinant human growth and differentiation factor-5-coated ?-tricalcium phosphate : results of a multicenter randomized clinical trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stavropoulos, Andreas; Becker, Jürgen

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this prospective, multicenter, randomized clinical trial was to evaluate histologically the outcome of maxillary sinus lift augmentation with a recombinant human growth and differentiation factor-5-coated ?-tricalcium phosphate (rhGDF-5/?-TCP) or with a ?-TCP and autogenous bone (?-TCP/AB) composite.

  6. Multidisciplinary therapy consisting of minimally invasive resection, irradiation, and intra-arterial infusion of 5-fluorouracil for resectable T3/T4 maxillary sinus carcinomas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Current goals for the treatment of maxillary sinus carcinoma include preservation of vision, eating, communication, and appearance as well as cure. 121 Japanese patients who presented with maxillary sinus carcinoma between 1979 and 2005 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 77 males and 44 females, with a median age of 63 years. All patients underwent multimodality therapy including surgery through a sublabial incision, radiotherapy, and intra-arterial chemotherapy. The regional lymph nodes were treated only in patients with neck involvement. Mean follow-up period was 79 months. The 5-year overall survival rates and local control rates were 73% and 72%, respectively. The 5-year local control rates for patients with T2 lesions were 71%; for patients with T3 lesions, 88%; and for patients with T4a lesions, 60%; and for patients with T4b lesions, 56%. In patients with squamous cell carcinoma, the 5-year local control rates were 76%. In patients with non-squamous cell carcinoma, the 5-year local control rates were 54%. There was significant difference in local control rates among these groups. Control of the primary site is important in the curative treatment of maxillary sinus carcinoma. Combined therapy with conservative surgery, radiotherapy, and regional chemotherapy is an effective method for maxillary sinus carcinoma. (author)

  7. Quantitative skeletal scintiscanning of the skull with 99mTc-Sn-pyrophosphate in patients with maxillary sinusitis as compared to healthy persons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 19 healthy persons the normal storage pattern of the skull was quantitatively established with the aid of sup(99n)Tc-Sn-pyrophospate. Moreover 48 patients with chronic maxillary sinusitis were tested to find out whether and in which percentage pathological storage occurred. (orig./MG)

  8. Análise microbiológica em secreção de seio maxilar nos pacientes com rinossinusite crônica / Maxillary sinuses microbiology from patients with chronic rhinosinusitis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Karina, Mantovani; Andréia Alessandra, Bisanha; Ricardo Cassiano, Demarco; Edwin, Tamashiro; Roberto, Martinez; Wilma Terezinha, Anselmo-Lima.

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Não existem dados definitivos e consistentes sobre a real distribuição dos microorganismos presentes em pacientes com Rinossinusite Crônica (RSC). A variabilidade dos resultados de estudos em RSC deve-se às diferentes técnicas utilizadas como método de coleta, variações nos métodos de cultura, uso p [...] révio de antibiótico, dificuldade de se distinguir agentes colonizadores e patogênicos. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Clínico-prospectivo. OBJETIVO: Estudar a incidência dos microrganismos presentes nos pacientes com RSC na nossa região, através da cultura da secreção do seio maxilar, coletada sob visão endoscópica. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal em 62 pacientes com RSC, submetidos à coleta de secreção de seio maxilar por via endoscópica, com material enviado para cultura para diagnóstico microbiológico. RESULTADOS: Das 62 amostras estudadas, em 33 (53,2%) não houve crescimento de microrganismos; 29 (45,2%) apresentaram isolamento de aeróbios; um caso (1,6%) mostrou crescimento de fungo; não houve o isolamento de microrganismos anaeróbios. Pseudomonas aeruginosa foi isolada com maior frequência - em 8 amostras (27,6%), Staphylococcus aureus e Staphylococcus epidermidis em 4 amostras cada um (13,9%), Streptococcus pneumoniae em 3 amostras (10,4%), outros Gram-negativos em 17 amostras (31%). CONCLUSÃO: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, outras bactérias Gram-negativas e Staphylococcus spp constituíram a microbiota predominante nos seios paranasais de pacientes com RSC. Abstract in english There isn't definitive and consistent data concerning the distribution of bacterial species in patients with Chronic Sinusitis (CS). The variability of the results from studies in CS may be due to the different techniques used as collection method, variations in culture methods, previous antibiotic [...] use, and difficulty in distinguishing bacterial flora from pathogenic agents. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical prospective. AIM: To identify the incidence of microorganisms in patients with CRS by growing bacteria from the secretion of the maxillary sinus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study in 62 patients that had undergone FESS for treatment of chronic sinusitis; cultures from the maxillary sinus were obtained. RESULTS: 62 samples, 33 (53.2%) had no growth; 29 (45.2%) counts of aerobic bacteria; one case (1.6%) of fungus growth; we did not find anaerobic bacteria. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the one more frequently found - 8 samples (27.6%), Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis in 4 samples each; Streptococcus pneumoniae in 3 samples (10.4%); other Gram negative agents in 17 samples (31%). CONCLUSION: In the present study we concluded that Pseudomonas aeruginosa, other Gram negatives bacteria and Staphylococcus spp were the representatives of the bacterial flora found in the paranasal sinuses of patients with CS.

  9. Análise microbiológica em secreção de seio maxilar nos pacientes com rinossinusite crônica Maxillary sinuses microbiology from patients with chronic rhinosinusitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Mantovani

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Não existem dados definitivos e consistentes sobre a real distribuição dos microorganismos presentes em pacientes com Rinossinusite Crônica (RSC. A variabilidade dos resultados de estudos em RSC deve-se às diferentes técnicas utilizadas como método de coleta, variações nos métodos de cultura, uso prévio de antibiótico, dificuldade de se distinguir agentes colonizadores e patogênicos. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Clínico-prospectivo. OBJETIVO: Estudar a incidência dos microrganismos presentes nos pacientes com RSC na nossa região, através da cultura da secreção do seio maxilar, coletada sob visão endoscópica. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal em 62 pacientes com RSC, submetidos à coleta de secreção de seio maxilar por via endoscópica, com material enviado para cultura para diagnóstico microbiológico. RESULTADOS: Das 62 amostras estudadas, em 33 (53,2% não houve crescimento de microrganismos; 29 (45,2% apresentaram isolamento de aeróbios; um caso (1,6% mostrou crescimento de fungo; não houve o isolamento de microrganismos anaeróbios. Pseudomonas aeruginosa foi isolada com maior frequência - em 8 amostras (27,6%, Staphylococcus aureus e Staphylococcus epidermidis em 4 amostras cada um (13,9%, Streptococcus pneumoniae em 3 amostras (10,4%, outros Gram-negativos em 17 amostras (31%. CONCLUSÃO: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, outras bactérias Gram-negativas e Staphylococcus spp constituíram a microbiota predominante nos seios paranasais de pacientes com RSC.There isn't definitive and consistent data concerning the distribution of bacterial species in patients with Chronic Sinusitis (CS. The variability of the results from studies in CS may be due to the different techniques used as collection method, variations in culture methods, previous antibiotic use, and difficulty in distinguishing bacterial flora from pathogenic agents. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical prospective. AIM: To identify the incidence of microorganisms in patients with CRS by growing bacteria from the secretion of the maxillary sinus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study in 62 patients that had undergone FESS for treatment of chronic sinusitis; cultures from the maxillary sinus were obtained. RESULTS: 62 samples, 33 (53.2% had no growth; 29 (45.2% counts of aerobic bacteria; one case (1.6% of fungus growth; we did not find anaerobic bacteria. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the one more frequently found - 8 samples (27.6%, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis in 4 samples each; Streptococcus pneumoniae in 3 samples (10.4%; other Gram negative agents in 17 samples (31%. CONCLUSION: In the present study we concluded that Pseudomonas aeruginosa, other Gram negatives bacteria and Staphylococcus spp were the representatives of the bacterial flora found in the paranasal sinuses of patients with CS.

  10. Sinus lifting before Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy: a suitable method for oral rehabilitation of edentulous patients with skelettal class-III conditions: review of the literature and report of a case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meyer Ulrich

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Functional rehabilitation of patients afflicted with severe mandibular and maxillary alveolar atrophy might be challenging especially in malformed patients. Methods Treatment planning using sinus lifting and implant placement before Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy in a patient with severe mandibular and posterior maxillary alveolar atrophy and skelettal class-III conditions due to cleft palate are described. Results A full functional and esthetic rehabilitation of the patient was achieved by a stepwise surgical approach performed through sinus lifting as the primary approach followed by implant placement and subsequent Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy to correct the maxillo-mandibular relation. Conclusion Stabilisation of the maxillary complex by a sinus lifting procedure in combination with computer aided implant placement as preorthodontic planning procedure before Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy seems to be suitable in order to allow ideal oral rehabilitation especially in malformed patients.

  11. Variabilidad anatómica de los senos maxilares y de estructuras involucradas en su vía de drenaje / Variability of the maxillary sinuses and structures involved in their drainage path

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    J., Pinares Toledo; T., Carrillo Porras; I.C., Guzmán Zuluaga; C.M., Ardila Medina; C.L., Guzmán Zuluaga.

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: la enfermedad de los senos paranasales, particularmente la de los senos maxilares, es común y puede causar sintomatología que simula patología dental. Objetivo: determinar las variaciones anatómicas del seno maxilar y de las estructuras involucradas en su drenaje, utilizando tomografía [...] computarizada de haz de cono (TCHC). Materiales y Métodos: el estudio incluyó los exámenes descriptivos de TCHC en 48 pacientes. En todos los casos analizados se realizó un estudio sistemático de los senos maxilares y de las estructuras anatómicas involucradas en su vía de drenaje, en los planos coronal, sagital y axial. Resultados y Conclusiones: Se identificaron variaciones morfológicas en el septo interno del seno maxilar, la celdilla de Haller, el proceso unciforme y la bulla etmoidal. Se observó presencia de septo interno del seno maxilar y de celdillas de Haller en el 76,74% y 16,28% de los individuos, respectivamente. El proceso unciforme horizontal se observó en el 79,07% de los sujetos y el vertical en el 20,93%. Además, se identificaron bullas etmoidales bilaterales en el 62,79% de los casos. Los senos paranasales presentan variaciones anatómicas marcadas fundamentalmente por su desarrollo prenatal y postnatal, ligados a la neumatización general del neumocráneo y a estructuras que inhiben o permiten su desarrollo. La tomografía computarizada de haz de cono proporciona imágenes que permiten una visualización y evaluación adecuada del seno maxilar y del complejo osteomeatal. Abstract in english Introduction: the disease of the sinuses, particularly the maxillary sinuses is common and can cause symptoms that simulate dental disease. Objective: to determine the anatomical variations of maxillary sinus and its drainage structures involved in using computerized tomography cone beam (CTCN). Mat [...] erials and methods: The study included descriptive reviews of CTCN in 48 patients. In all cases analyzed a systematic study of the maxillary sinuses and anatomical structures involved in their drainage path, in the coronal, sagittal and axial planes. Results and conclusions: Morphological changes were identified in the internal maxillary sinus septum, the Haller's cell, uncinate process and ethmoid bulla. It was noted the presence of internal septum and maxillary sinus Haller cells in 76.74% and 16.28% of individuals, respectively. The horizontal uncinate process was observed in 79.07% of the subjects and the vertical at 20.93%. In addition, bilateral ethmoid bullae were identified in 62.79% of the cases. The sinus anatomical variations occur mainly marked by prenatal and postnatal development, linked to the overall pneumatization neumocraneo and structures that inhibit or enable their development. Beam computed tomography cone provides images that allow visualization and proper evaluation of the maxillary sinus and osteomeatal complex.

  12. Definitive radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy for T3-4N0 squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus and nasal cavity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of definitive radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy for T3-4 squamous cell carcinoma of maxillary sinus and nasal cavity. Forty-two patients with T3-4N0 squamous cell carcinoma of maxillary sinus (n=30) and nasal cavity (n=12) received definitive radiotherapy. Chemotherapy was used in 34 patients and elective neck irradiation was not used. The 5-year overall survival/local control rates were 34%/29% for maxillary sinus cancer and 50%/52% for nasal cavity cancer. For maxillary sinus cancers, a performance status of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group ?2 (P=0.012), biologically equivalent dose <68 Gy (P=0.011) and no use of chemotherapy (P=0.037) were significant worse predictors for overall survival on log-rank analysis. Biologically equivalent dose <68 Gy was independently associated with poor local control (hazard ratio, 3.32; 95% confidence interval, 1.38-7.97; P=0.007) and overall survival (hazard ratio, 2.94; 95% confidence interval, 1.23-7.01; P=0.015). Regional recurrence occurred in only 1 of 30 patients with maxillary sinus cancer and 4 of 12 patients with nasal cavity. Two radiation necrosis in brain, one osteoradionecrosis, and one retinopathy and optic neuropathy occurred. The treatment outcome was poor and local control was a major problem. High radiation dose, effective chemotherapy and elective neck irradiation for advanced nasal cavity cancers may improve disease control. (author)rs may improve disease control. (author)

  13. Bilateral SUNCT syndrome associated to chronic maxillary sinus disease Síndrome SUNCT de ocorrência bilateral associada a sinusopatia maxilar crônica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Bernardi Bichuetti

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available SUNCT syndrome (short lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with conjuntival injection and tearing is defined as short attacks of periorbital unilateral pain and accompanied by ipsilateral lacrimation and redness of the same eye. We present an unusual SUNCT case with bilateral pain that started five years ago after an acute maxillary sinus infection that evolved to chronic sinusitis. This association has been described in few SUNCT cases, but its causal role remains uncertain. The patient was a 58 years old man that fulfilled a headache diary that showed the usual circadian pattern, worsening in the morning and afternoon, and responded to treatment with gabapentina. He was submitted to a functional endoscopic sinus surgery and evolved with milder pain. In a review of 21 patients, 5 had a past medical history of sinusitis, but the causal role of this association remained uncertain.A síndrome SUNCT (short lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with conjuntival injection and tearing é definida como curtos ataques de dor periorbital unilateral, acompanhada de lacrimejamento e hiperemia conjuntival ipsilateral. Apresentamos um raro caso de SUNCT com dor bilateral com evolução de cinco anos e iniciado após uma infecção de seio maxilar que evoluiu para sinusite crônica. Esta associação foi descrita em poucos casos de SUNCT, porém pouco esclarecida. O paciente era um homem de 58 anos que preencheu um diário de dor que demonstrou o típico padrão circadiano da síndrome, com pioras matinais e vespertinas, e apresentou melhora com uso de gabapentina. Submetido a cirurgia endoscópica funcional em seio maxilar e evoluiu com modulação da dor, sugerindo um potencial efeito benéfico após tratamento da sinusopatia.Na revisão de literatura encontramos 21 casos de SUNCT bilateral, cinco dos quais apresentavam história de sinusite; no entanto, a relação entre as duas entidades permanece ainda incerta.

  14. Reliability of Periapical Radiographs and Orthopantomograms in Detection of Tooth Root Protrusion in the Maxillary Sinus: Correlation Results with Cone Beam Computed Tomography

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    Bassam A. Hassan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the reliability of both periapical radiographs and orthopantomograms for exact detection of tooth root protrusion in the maxillary sinus by correlating the results with cone beam computed tomography.Material and methods: A database of 1400 patients scanned with cone beam computed tomography (CBCT was searched for matching periapical (PA radiographs and orthopantogram (OPG images of maxillary premolars and molars. Matching OPG images datasets of 101 patients with 628 teeth and PA radiographs datasets of 93 patients with 359 teeth were identified. Four observers assessed the relationship between the apex of tooth root and the maxillary sinus per tooth on PA radiographs, OPG and CBCT images using the following classification: root tip is in the sinus (class 1, root tip is against the sinus wall (class 2 and root tip is not in the sinus (class 3.Results: Overall correlation between OPG and CBCT images scores was 50%, 26% and 56.1% for class 1, class 2 and class 3, respectively (Cohen’s kappa [weighted] = 0.1. Overall correlation between PA radiographs and CBCT images was 75.8%, 15.8% and 56.9% for class 1, class 2 and class 3, respectively (Cohen’s kappa [weighted] = 0.24. In both the OPG images and the PA radiographs datasets, class 1 correlation was most frequently observed with the first and second molars.Conclusions: The results demonstrated that both periapical radiographs and orthopantomograms are not reliable in determination of exact relationship between the apex of tooth root and the maxillary sinus floor. Periapical radiography is slightly more reliable than orthopantomography in determining this relationship.

  15. Combined therapy with surgery, radiation and chemotherapy for T3-T4 squamous cell carcinoma of maxillary sinus. National Cancer Center Hospital East experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since 1960's, many institutes treated carcinoma of maxillary sinus with combined therapy: surgery, radiation, and intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy in Japan. On the other hands, surgery followed by radiation or chemoradiation is the standard option of treatment for sinonasal carcinoma in western countries. This study reports the NCCHE's 14-year experience with maxillary squamous cell cancer, treated with surgical resection followed by radiation, or trimodal combination therapy. Eighty-seven previously untreated, T3-T4 status patients with squamous cell carcinoma of maxillary sinus underwent treatment at our division. During the average follow-up period of 85.9 months, the 5-year overall survival and local control rate were 47.3% and 60%, respectively. The 5-year overall survival among the patients had T3 and T4a tumor were 59.0% and 51.6%. However, all patients with T4b tumor died, their median survival time was 9.1 months. Almost all patients had T3 and T4b were treated with trimodal therapy, a third patient of T4a status underwent treatment with surgery followed by radiation. There was no difference in overall survival according to treatment in T4a patients. We should consider the other approach for treatment, like superselective high-dose cisplatin infusion with concomitant radiotherapy in patients with advanced cancer of maxillary sinus in future. (author)

  16. Septum en Seno Maxilar: Un Estudio de 91 Cirugías Consecutivas de Elevación de Piso Sinusal Septum on Maxillary Sinus: A Study in 91 Consecutive Surgeries of Maxillary Sinus Floor Elevation

    OpenAIRE

    Sergio Olate; Leandro Pozzer; Aníbal Henrique Barbosa Luna; Marcio de Moraes; Renato Mazzonetto; Roger W. Fernandes Moreira; Jose Ricardo de Albergaria-Barbosa

    2011-01-01

    La elevación de piso sinusal maxilar ha sido ampliamente discutida y presenta altas tasas de éxito. El objetivo de esta investigación fue establecer la prevalencia de septum intrasinusal presente en cirugías consecutivas de elevación de piso sinusal y establecer su relación con las perforaciones de membrana sinusal. Noventa y un cirugías fueron realizadas en pacientes que presentaban indicación para instalar implantes dentales en maxila posterior; fueron incluidos aquellos pacientes q...

  17. Estudio Morfométrico del Seno Maxilar Mediante Tomografías Computadorizadas: Evaluación de la Reconstrucción Total de Piso Sinusal Morphometric Study of Maxillary Sinus by Computed Tomography: Assessment of Sinus Floor Bone Reconstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Hemerson de Moraes

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available La rehabilitación con implantes dentales en maxila posterior es compleja debido a la presencia del seno maxilar con sus diferentes variaciones anatómicas; el objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar el volumen óseo intrasinusal necesario para realizar la instalación de uno o mas implantes dentarios sin invadir la membrana sinusal. En 22 cráneos fueron evaluados 40 senos maxilares mediante tomografías computadorizadas (TC realizando mediciones en los cortes axiales, coronales y sagitales. Se clasificaron los senos maxilares según el remanente de hueso alveolar y se instalo un implante de forma virtual en el lugar del primer molar superior, mediante el software implant view. Con estas medidas volumétricas finales se estableció las indicaciones reconstructivas intra sinusales a partir de los sitios donantes intrabucales mas frecuentemente evaluados en la literatura mundial. El grupo I (1mm a 4mm de reborde alveolar remanente presentaba déficit óseo de hasta 1,98cm3, el grupo II (4mm a 7mm presentaba déficit de 1,06cm3; el grupo III (7mm a 10mm presentaba un déficit de 0,67 cm3; a partir de estos resultados podemos concluir que los sitios intrabucales pueden ser utilizados en la mayoría de los grupo estudiados, incluyendo las reconstrucciones bilaterales.Rehabilitation with dental implants in posterior maxilla is difficult because of the presence of maxillary sinus with anatomical variations. The aim of this research was to evaluate the sinus volume to install one or more implants without invading the sinus membrane. Forty (40 maxillary sinuses were evaluated in 22 skulls by computed tomography measuring in the axial, coronal and sagittal slice. The sinus were classified according to the remaining alveolar bone and a dental implant in the place of the upper first molar was virtually installed by implant view software. With this final volumetric measurement the surgical indications were established for inlay reconstruction from intra oral donor sites frequently evaluated in world literature. Group I (1mm to 4mm of alveolar ridge showed a bone deficit of 1.98 cm3, group II (4mm to 7mm showed a deficit of 1.06 cm3; group III (7mm to 10mm showed a 0.67 cm3 deficit. In view of these results we concluded that intra oral donor site can be used for the three study groups and in some cases in bilateral reconstruction.

  18. Estudio Morfométrico del Seno Maxilar Mediante Tomografías Computadorizadas: Evaluación de la Reconstrucción Total de Piso Sinusal / Morphometric Study of Maxillary Sinus by Computed Tomography: Assessment of Sinus Floor Bone Reconstruction

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Paulo Hemerson, de Moraes; Marcelo Victor Omena Caldas, Costa; Sergio, Olate; Paulo Henrique Ferreira, Caria; José Ricardo de Albergaria, Barbosa.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available La rehabilitación con implantes dentales en maxila posterior es compleja debido a la presencia del seno maxilar con sus diferentes variaciones anatómicas; el objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar el volumen óseo intrasinusal necesario para realizar la instalación de uno o mas implantes dentarios s [...] in invadir la membrana sinusal. En 22 cráneos fueron evaluados 40 senos maxilares mediante tomografías computadorizadas (TC) realizando mediciones en los cortes axiales, coronales y sagitales. Se clasificaron los senos maxilares según el remanente de hueso alveolar y se instalo un implante de forma virtual en el lugar del primer molar superior, mediante el software implant view. Con estas medidas volumétricas finales se estableció las indicaciones reconstructivas intra sinusales a partir de los sitios donantes intrabucales mas frecuentemente evaluados en la literatura mundial. El grupo I (1mm a 4mm de reborde alveolar remanente) presentaba déficit óseo de hasta 1,98cm3, el grupo II (4mm a 7mm) presentaba déficit de 1,06cm3; el grupo III (7mm a 10mm) presentaba un déficit de 0,67 cm3; a partir de estos resultados podemos concluir que los sitios intrabucales pueden ser utilizados en la mayoría de los grupo estudiados, incluyendo las reconstrucciones bilaterales. Abstract in english Rehabilitation with dental implants in posterior maxilla is difficult because of the presence of maxillary sinus with anatomical variations. The aim of this research was to evaluate the sinus volume to install one or more implants without invading the sinus membrane. Forty (40) maxillary sinuses wer [...] e evaluated in 22 skulls by computed tomography measuring in the axial, coronal and sagittal slice. The sinus were classified according to the remaining alveolar bone and a dental implant in the place of the upper first molar was virtually installed by implant view software. With this final volumetric measurement the surgical indications were established for inlay reconstruction from intra oral donor sites frequently evaluated in world literature. Group I (1mm to 4mm of alveolar ridge) showed a bone deficit of 1.98 cm3, group II (4mm to 7mm) showed a deficit of 1.06 cm3; group III (7mm to 10mm) showed a 0.67 cm3 deficit. In view of these results we concluded that intra oral donor site can be used for the three study groups and in some cases in bilateral reconstruction.

  19. Histological evaluation of healing after transalveolar maxillary sinus augmentation with bioglass and autogenous bone

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stavropoulos, Andreas; Sima, Catalin

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate histologically the outcome of a bioglass and autogenous bone (at 1 : 1 ratio) composite implantation for transalveolar sinus augmentation. METHODS: In 31 patients, during implant installation ca. 4 months after sinus augmentation, biopsies were harvested through the transalveolar osteotomy by means of a trephine bur and non-decalcified sections through the long axis of the cylinder were produced. After a strict selection process, taking into account the presurgical residual bone height and biopsy length, 8 and 15 biopsies representing the new tissues formed inside the sinus and the transalveolar osteotomy, respectively, qualified for analysis. The tissue fractions occupied by newly formed bone (mineralized tissue+bone marrow), soft connective tissue, residual biomaterial+empty spaces, and debris inside the sinus cavity or the transalveolar osteotomy were estimated. RESULTS: Bone and connective tissue fraction in the newly formed tissues inside the sinus cavity averaged 23.4 ± 13.2% and 54.1 ± 23.5%, respectively. Residual biomaterial, empty spaces, and debris averaged 1.9 ± 3.5%, 10.5 ± 6.3%, and 8.4 ± 14.5%, respectively. In the transalveolar osteotomy, bone and connective tissue fraction averaged 41.6 ± 14.3% and 46.1 ± 13%, respectively, while the amount of residual biomaterial, empty spaces, and debris was 2.8 ± 5%, 4.7 ± 1.9%, and 3.2 ± 2.6%, respectively. Statistically significant differences between the sinus cavity and the transalveolar osteotomy were found only for bone and empty spaces' values (P=0.02 and 0.04, respectively). CONCLUSION: Sinus augmentation with a bioglass and autogenous bone composite is compatible with bone formation that, in a short distance from the floor of the sinus, shows similar density as that reported previously for other commonly used bone substitutes. New bone fraction inside the transalveolar osteotomy was almost twice as much as in the sinus cavity, while the amount of residual biomaterial was much less than that inside the sinus.

  20. Maxillary sinus augmentation: collagen membrane over the osteotomy window. A pilot study

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    F.S. Marchionni

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim Implant rehabilitation has become a very reliable and safe procedure. However, in some cases, a small amount of bone could make implant surgery extremely difficult or even impossible. Hence, a surgical technique to augment sinus floor has been developed and improved. Nevertheless, there is still controversy over the use of a membrane over the osteotomy window. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether the use of a membrane could be beneficial in sinus floor augmentation. Materials and methods A group of 12 patients requiring sinus floor lift were recruited. The patients were randomly allocated to either control group (membrane or test group (no membrane and only one sinus for patient was augmented. After 6 months, a bone biopsy was harvested from the lateral window to be processed for histological analysis. Results The mean amount of newly formed bone in test group was 28.0±19.5%, the connective tissue accounted for a mean value of 59.2±15.6%, while 12.8±12.6% was the amount of residual graft particles. In the membrane group the newly formed bone counted for a mean value of 30.4±15.8%, the mean quantity of connective tissue was 50.3±18.9% and about residual graft particles a mean value of 18.2±20.4% was registered. Conclusion According to our data, the use of a membrane over the lateral bone wall in sinus lift surgery does not significantly influence healing. However, the membrane could influence the residual particles resorption rate as well as soft tissue ingrowth.

  1. Volumetric changes of the graft after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone in different ratios: a radiographic study in minipigs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Thomas; Schou, SØren

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The objective of the present study was to learn about the volumetric changes of the graft after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone from the iliac crest or the mandible in different ratios in minipigs. Material and methods: Bilateral maxillary sinus floor augmentation was performed in 40 minipigs with: (A) 100% autogenous bone, (B) 75% autogenous bone and 25% Bio-Oss, (C) 50% autogenous bone and 50% Bio-Oss, (D) 25% autogenous bone and 75% Bio-Oss, and (E) 100% Bio-Oss. The autogenous bone graft was harvested from the iliac crest or the mandible and the graft composition was selected at random and placed concomitant with implant placement. Computed tomographies of the maxillary sinuses were obtained preoperatively, immediately postoperatively, and at euthanasia after 12 weeks. The volumetric changes of the graft were estimated using the Cavalieri principle and expressed as mean percentage with a 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: The mean volume of the graft was reduced by (A) 65% (95% CI: 60-70%), (B) 38% (95% CI: 35-41%), (C) 23% (95% CI: 21-25%), (D) 16% (95% CI: 12-21%), and (E) 6% (95% CI: 4-8%). The volumetric reduction was significantly influenced by the ratio of Bio-Oss and autogenous bone (P

  2. Volumetric changes of the graft after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone in different ratios : a radiographic study in minipigs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Thomas; Schou, SØren

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The objective of the present study was to learn about the volumetric changes of the graft after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone from the iliac crest or the mandible in different ratios in minipigs. Material and methods: Bilateral maxillary sinus floor augmentation was performed in 40 minipigs with: (A) 100% autogenous bone, (B) 75% autogenous bone and 25% Bio-Oss, (C) 50% autogenous bone and 50% Bio-Oss, (D) 25% autogenous bone and 75% Bio-Oss, and (E) 100% Bio-Oss. The autogenous bone graft was harvested from the iliac crest or the mandible and the graft composition was selected at random and placed concomitant with implant placement. Computed tomographies of the maxillary sinuses were obtained preoperatively, immediately postoperatively, and at euthanasia after 12 weeks. The volumetric changes of the graft were estimated using the Cavalieri principle and expressed as mean percentage with a 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: The mean volume of the graft was reduced by (A) 65% (95% CI: 60-70%), (B) 38% (95% CI: 35-41%), (C) 23% (95% CI: 21-25%), (D) 16% (95% CI: 12-21%), and (E) 6% (95% CI: 4-8%). The volumetric reduction was significantly influenced by the ratio of Bio-Oss and autogenous bone (P

  3. Effect of LCD monitor type and observer experience on diagnostic performance in soft-copy interpretations of the maxillary sinus on panoramic radiographs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of liquid crystal display (LCD) monitor type and observer experience on the diagnostic performance in soft-copy interpretations of maxillary sinus inflammatory lesions on panoramic radiographs. Ninety maxillary sinuses on panoramic images were grouped into negative and positive groups according to the presence of inflammatory lesions, using CT for confirmation. Monochrome and color LCDs were used. Six observers participated and ROC analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic performance. The reading time, fatigue score, and inter-/intra-observer agreements were assessed. The interpretation of maxillary sinus inflammatory lesions was affected by the LCD monitor type used and by the experience of the observer. The reading time was not significantly different, however the fatigue score was significantly different between two LCD monitors. Inter-observer agreement was relatively good in experienced observers, while the intra-observer agreement for all observers was good with monochrome LCD but not with color LCD. The less experienced observers showed lowered diagnostic ability with a general color LCD.

  4. Effect of LCD monitor type and observer experience on diagnostic performance in soft-copy interpretations of the maxillary sinus on panoramic radiographs

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    Kim, Tae Young; Choi, Jin Woo; Lee, Sam Sun; Huh, Kyung Hoe; Yi, Won Jin; Heo, Min Suk; Choi, Soon Chul [School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-03-15

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of liquid crystal display (LCD) monitor type and observer experience on the diagnostic performance in soft-copy interpretations of maxillary sinus inflammatory lesions on panoramic radiographs. Ninety maxillary sinuses on panoramic images were grouped into negative and positive groups according to the presence of inflammatory lesions, using CT for confirmation. Monochrome and color LCDs were used. Six observers participated and ROC analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic performance. The reading time, fatigue score, and inter-/intra-observer agreements were assessed. The interpretation of maxillary sinus inflammatory lesions was affected by the LCD monitor type used and by the experience of the observer. The reading time was not significantly different, however the fatigue score was significantly different between two LCD monitors. Inter-observer agreement was relatively good in experienced observers, while the intra-observer agreement for all observers was good with monochrome LCD but not with color LCD. The less experienced observers showed lowered diagnostic ability with a general color LCD.

  5. Benign neurilemmoma in the infratemporal fossa involving maxillary sinus and pterygopalatine fossa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neurilemmoma is a benign tumor of the nerve sheath that arises on cranial and spinal nerve roots as well as along the course of peripheral nerves. A case of a neurilemmoma that arose in the left infratemporal fossa of a 29- year-old male was presented. Plain radiographs, enhanced computed tomography scan, and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a large, well-circumscribed, heterogeneously enhanced mass with extension into the pterygopalatine fossa. Displaced by the large mass, bowing-in of the posterior maxillary antral wall was noted and a provisional diagnosis of a benign soft tissue tumor was made. The mass was completely excised and a diagnosis of neurilemmoma was confirmed.

  6. Relative area measurement of maxillary sinus by computed tomography / Mensuração da área relativa do seio maxilar por meio da tomografia computadorizada

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ronaldo Andrade Figueiredo de, OLIVEIRA; Maria Cristina, PEDRAZINI; Thomaz, WASSALL.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a área relativa do seio maxilar em maxila desdentada posterior quanto à área linear, presença de septos ósseos e sinusopatias. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo longitudinal retrospectivo de exames tomográficos em 60 indivíduos entre 35 e 75 anos e como critério de inclusão, a [...] maxila posterior desdentada uni ou bilateralmente. As medições foram realizadas pelo programa em 101 seios maxilares. As medidas horizontais e verticais de cada seio foram multiplicadas e resultaram em área linear em mm². RESULTADOS: Dos 101 seios maxilares avaliados, 14 apresentaram sinusopatias (13,86%) e 22 (21,78%) com septos ósseos. A média mesio distal foi de 38,4 mm (p ? 0,05), a altura média de 34, 5 mm (p ? 0,05) e área linear média de 1335,88 mm² (p = 0,05). Foi aplicado o teste t de Student e análise de variância (ANOVA) para análise estatística. Não houve diferenças estatísticas significantes na altura e largura dos seios maxilares desdentados entre os gêneros, mas houve uma variação da área linear bem como a constatação da presença de septos ósseos e sinusopatias. CONCLUSÃO: A conclusão deste trabalho corrobora com estudos anteriores sobre a necessidade dos exames por imagem com a finalidade de obter informações quanto as dimensões do seio maxilar norteando a quantidade de material de enxertia bem como a escolha da região doadora, a presença de septos orientando a técnica de levantamento de seio e a presença de sinusopatias que implica em tratamento prévio à cirurgia de enxertos. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relative area of the maxillary sinus in edentulous posterior maxilla with regard to linear area, bone septa and sinus pathologies. METHODS: A retrospective longitudinal study was conducted of tomographic exams in 60 individuals between 35 and 75 years of age, with th [...] e inclusion criteria being the uni- or bilateral edentulous posterior maxilla. Measurements were taken by the program in 101 maxillary sinuses. The horizontal and vertical measurements of each sinus were multiplied and resulted in a linear area in mm2. RESULTS: Of the 101 maxillary sinuses evaluated, 14 presented sinus pathologies (13.86%) and 22 (21.78%) with bone septa. The mean mesio distal distance was 38.4 mm (p ? 0.05), mean height 34. 5 mm (p ? 0.05) and mean linear area of 1335.88 mm² (p = 0.05). The Student's-t and analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests were applied for statistical analysis There were no statistically significant difference in the height and width of the edentulous maxillary sinuses between genders, but there was a variation in the linear area and the finding of the presence of bone septa and sinus pathologies. CONCLUSION: The conclusion of this study corroborates those of previous study about the need for imaging exams with the purpose of obtaining information about the dimensions of the maxillary sinus, as guidance with regard to the quantity of graft material, choice of donor region, and presence of septa. These data serve as guidance in the sinus lift technique and the presence of sinus pathologies, which involve treatment before bone graft surgeries.

  7. The foramen and infraorbital nerve relating to the surgery for external access to the maxillary sinus (CALDWELL-LUC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabi, Ricardo Pereira

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The infraorbital nerve and foramen are bilateral structures, located below the lower edge of orbit (1,2,5,9,10,11,12, and are important surgical parameters for external access to the maxillary sinus (CaldwellLuc, representing its upper limit (4, 13. Objective: Establishing a safe average distance between the first premolar tooth alveolus top up to the foramen and infraorbital nerve, during the CaldwellLuc surgery. Method: We have analyzed 32 formolized heads of Brazilian adult corpses, without distinction of age, sex and race, within the period of February through July 2004. Surgical approach was made by CaldwellLuc passage, up to the complete exposure of infraorbital nerve and foramen where we delineated an imaginary line from the top of the first premolar tooth alveolus up to the foramen, and measured by using a pachymeter. Results: The general average distance between the structures mentioned was of 3.34cm with standard deviation of 0.52cm. The greater distance found was of 4,5 cm and the minor was of 2.5 cm bilaterally. Conclusion: When we know this region safe distance surgical access, we find less damage to the innervation that causes less intense subjective and less persistent symptoms in the post-operative period.

  8. Sarcomatoid carcinoma of the maxillary sinus: A rare head and neck tumor

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    Kumar Milind

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Sarcomatoid carcinomas are rare tumors. These tumors have been reported at other sites, but head and neck origin is extremely uncommon. We report here a rare case of sarcomatoid carcinoma involving the maxilla. Only four such cases with maxillary origin have been discussed in English literature earlier. As compared to squamous cell carcinoma of maxilla, this variant is associated with poor prognosis and advanced disease at presentation, as was also seen in our case. There are no standard recommendations for management owing to the rarity of this histology. Surgery and radiotherapy form the mainstays of treatment. Exploration of the role of chemotherapy and novel targeted therapy agents is warranted in order to improve treatment results.

  9. Alternativas a la elevación de seno maxilar: implantes cortos Alternatives to maxillary sinus elevation: short implants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. González Lagunas

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available La mala calidad del hueso, reabsorciones extremas y la presencia de la cavidad del seno maxilar constituían obstáculos insalvables para la rehabilitación implanto-soportada en el sector posterior del maxilar atrófico. La elevación de seno es probablemente la primera opción de tratamiento en el paciente tributario de rehabilitación con implantes en ese sector. El uso de implantes cortos (menos de 10 mm se ha asociado tradicionalmente con unas tasas de supervivencia menores que la de los implantes largos. No obstante la aparición de nuevas superficies y diseños indican que este tipo de implantes puede soportar de forma fiable restauraciones dentales. Presentamos la técnica de instalación de implantes de superficie porosa sinterizada, asi como una revisión actualizada sobre el comportamiento de los implantes cortos.Poor bone quality, extreme bony resorption and a pneumatized mqxillary sinus are a severe Challenger for reconstruction of the atrophic edentuous posterior maxilla. Sinus lift is probably the gold standard for Management of that area. Short implants (<10mm have traditionally been associated with lower survival rates. The introduction of new surfaces and designs indicate that this type of implants can adequately support dental restorations. We present the technique of installation of sinterised porous dental implants together with an update on the behaviour of short implants.

  10. Alternativas a la elevación de seno maxilar: implantes cortos / Alternatives to maxillary sinus elevation: short implants

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    J., González Lagunas.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available La mala calidad del hueso, reabsorciones extremas y la presencia de la cavidad del seno maxilar constituían obstáculos insalvables para la rehabilitación implanto-soportada en el sector posterior del maxilar atrófico. La elevación de seno es probablemente la primera opción de tratamiento en el pacie [...] nte tributario de rehabilitación con implantes en ese sector. El uso de implantes cortos (menos de 10 mm) se ha asociado tradicionalmente con unas tasas de supervivencia menores que la de los implantes largos. No obstante la aparición de nuevas superficies y diseños indican que este tipo de implantes puede soportar de forma fiable restauraciones dentales. Presentamos la técnica de instalación de implantes de superficie porosa sinterizada, asi como una revisión actualizada sobre el comportamiento de los implantes cortos. Abstract in english Poor bone quality, extreme bony resorption and a pneumatized mqxillary sinus are a severe Challenger for reconstruction of the atrophic edentuous posterior maxilla. Sinus lift is probably the gold standard for Management of that area. Short implants ([...] wer survival rates. The introduction of new surfaces and designs indicate that this type of implants can adequately support dental restorations. We present the technique of installation of sinterised porous dental implants together with an update on the behaviour of short implants.

  11. Extensive complex odontoma in the maxillary sinus: an uncommon presentation as a cause of chronic sinusitis / Extenso odontoma complexo em seio maxilar: uma apresentação incomum como causa de sinusite crônica

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Cyntia Helena Pereira de, Carvalho; Diego do Amaral, Costa; Lélia Maria Guedes, Queiroz; José Ivo Q. do, Amaral; Adriano Rocha, Germano.

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Este estudo relata a apresentação de um extenso odontoma causando sinusite maxilar. DESCRIÇÃO DO CASO: Um homem de 25 anos ao exame clínico revelou assimetria facial discreta e exposição da lesão na cavidade oral. Os exames de imagem mostraram a presença de uma massa radiopaca bem definida [...] na maxila esquerda, medindo aproximadamente 7 cm e estava intimamente associado com o seio maxilar e a cavidade oral. A massa foi extirpada através de um acesso intra-oral, sob anestesia geral em ambiente hospitalar e enviada para estudo histopatológico, onde foi diagnosticada como odontoma complexo. O paciente está sob acompanhamento clínico e não mostra sinais de sinusite maxilar e fístula bucossinusal. CONCLUSÃO: O odontoma é uma lesão comum na clínica odontológica, mas pode, em alguns casos, se apresentar de forma agressiva levando a danos ao paciente, e desta forma, é necessária atenção do cirurgião dentista para o correto diagnóstico e tratamento. Abstract in english PURPOSE: This study reports a case of a extensive odontoma causing maxillary sinusitis. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 25-year-old man at clinical examination revealed discrete facial asymmetry and exposure of the lesion in the oral cavity. Imaging exams showed the presence of a well-defined radiopaque mass in [...] the left maxilla, measuring approximately 7 cm and was intimately associated with the maxillary sinus and oral cavity. The mass was excised through an intraoral access under general anesthesia in the hospital and sent for histopathology, which was diagnosed as complex odontoma. The patient is under clinical follow-up and shows no signs of maxillary sinusitis and no oral sinus fistula. CONCLUSION: The odontoma is a common injury in clinical dentistry, but in some aggressive cases may cause sequelae in the patient, thus, caution the dentist for proper diagnosis and treatment.

  12. CT and MRI findings in mucoceles of paranasal sinuses and their diagnostic value

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study the CT and MRI findings of mucoceles of paranasal sinuses and their value in differential diagnosis between mucoceles and tumors. Methods: Twenty-two cases including 37 mucoceles were studied. CT was performed in all and MRI was performed in 10 cases. CT and MRI findings were analysed and correlated with operative findings. Results: Of 37 mucoceles, 19 were found in ethmoid sinuses, 9 in frontal sinuses, 5 in sphenoid sinuses and 4 in maxillary sinuses. Sinus expansion and thinning of sinus walls were found in all 37 sinuses with mucoceles on CT. Bony defect in sinus wall was found in 24 sinuses resulting in protrusion of the mucoceles into adjacent structures. CT showed low density with respect to muscle in 26 sinuses, identical density in 6 sinuses and high density in 5 sinuses and peripheral sinus mucosa enhancement in 7 cases. On MRI, the mucocele contents exhibited various signal intensities on T1- and T2-weighted images according to the protein concentration. Eight cases who underwent contrast study showed peripheral mucosa enhancement. Conclusions: CT and MRI can accurately display the location and characteristic findings of mucoceles and play an important role in diagnosis and differential diagnosis

  13. Maxillary sinus lift with intraoral autologous bone and B - Tricalcium Phosphate: Histological and histomorphometric clinical study

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Luis Antonio, Aguirre Zorzano; María José, Rodríguez Tojo; José Manuel, Aguirre Urizar.

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Intoducción: La rehabilitación con implantes en el maxilar superior supone en muchas ocasiones un reto debido a la escasez y pobre calidad del hueso remanente. Se han descrito diferentes tipos de injertos para tratar de solucionar estos problemas. Objetivo: Valorar el potencial osteoconductivo de un [...] a mezcla de hueso autólogo y B-Fosfato Tricálcico, en el tratamiento mediante implantes de maxilares superiores atróficos. Diseño: Se trataron 22 pacientes mediante la técnica de "elevación de seno". Todos los pacientes presentaron un hueso residual igual o mayor a 5 mm., y se realizó la elevación de seno y la instalación del injerto (hueso autólogo y B-Fosfato Tricálcico) y los implantes en un mismo tiempo quirúrgico. Durante la exposición de los implantes, tras la osteointegración, se tomaron muestras del hueso, mediante una trefina, en 5 pacientes. Se procesaron para su inclusión en parafina y se analizó su estructura y los porcentajes titulares presentes. Con los datos obtenidos se realizo un análisis estadístico descriptivo. Resultados: Se demostró la integración de las 42 fijaciones instaladas. El análisis histológico demostró una buena integración del B-Fosfato Tricálcico en el hueso neoformado así como la ausencia de inflamación. El análisis morfométrico demostró una proporción media de hueso del 30,7% (rango 22,8 - 50,6). Conclusiones: Los resultados sugieren que el material osteoconductivo B-Fosfato Tricálcico asociado con hueso autólogo obtenido mediante filtración, es un injerto adecuado para el tratamiento con implantes de maxilares atróficos, cuando se combina con el procedimiento de elevación de seno. Abstract in english Introduction: Rehabilitation with implants in the upper maxilla often implies a challenge due to the shortage and quality of the remaining bone. Different kinds of grafts have been described in an endeavour to solve these problems. Aim: The purpose of this study was to assess the osteoconduction pot [...] ential of an autogenous bone and B-Tricalcium Phosphate mixture, in the treatment of atrophic upper maxillae. Materials and Methods: 22 patients were treated using the "sinus lift" technique. All patients had residual bone equal to or greater than 5 mm, the sinus was lifted, bone grafted and implants installed during the same surgical procedure (autologous bone and B- Tricalcium Phospahate). During the implant exposure after the osseointegration period, samples of regenerated bone were taken using a trephine from 5 patients. Paraffin-embedded sections were analysed the structure and tissues percentages. Data were estimated statistically. Results: Clinical results showed integration of the 42 fixtures installed. Histological analysis showed good integration of the -Tricalcium Phosphate in the newly formed bone likewise absence of inflammation. Histomorphometric analysis showed a mean bone proportion of 30.7% (range 22.8% - 50.6%). Conclusions: Results suggest the osteoconductive material B-Tricalcium Phosphate associated with autologous bone obtained through filtration is an appropriate graft for implant treatment of atrophic maxillae, in combination with the sinus lift procedure.

  14. Adenocarcinoma renal metastásico en seno maxilar / Maxillary sinus metastasis of renal cell carcinoma

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    B., Torres Muros; J.R., Solano Romero; J.G., Rodríguez Baró; R., Bonilla Parrilla.

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Los tumores metastásicos en senos paranasales y fosas son excepcionales. Se han descrito en la literatura unos 50 casos localizados en seno maxilar. El adenocarcinoma renal es la neoplasia primaria que más frecuentemente metastatiza en la región nasosinusal, seguido de tumores mamarios y pulmonares. [...] Presenta una sintomatología inespecífica siendo la epistaxis el síntoma más frecuente debido a la gran vascularización tumoral. Tienen un pronóstico pobre con una tasa de supervivencia en torno al 15-30% a los 5 años. El tratamiento de elección es la cirugía. Abstract in english Paranasal sinuses and nose metastasis are very uncommon tumors, about 50 have been reported. Renal cell carcinoma is the primary neoplasm which most frequently metastasizes in the nasosinusal region, followed by breast and lug. Symptoms are unspecific, but the epistaxis constitutes the most common s [...] ign due to the significant vascularizations of the tumor. Prognosis is poor. The survival rate fluctuates between 15-30% at 5 years. Surgery is the elective treatment.

  15. Imaging characteristics of diffuse large cell extra nodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma involving the palate and maxillary sinus: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nadendla, Lakshmi Kavitha; Meduri, Venkateswarlu; Paramkusam, Geetha [Kamineni Institute of Dental Sciences, Nalgonda (India)

    2012-06-15

    Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas are a group of highly diverse malignancies and have a strong tendency to affect organs and tissues that do not ordinarily contain lymphoid cells. Primary extra nodal lymphoma of the hard palate is rare. Here, we present a case of diffuse large B cell lymphoma in a 60-year-old male patient that manifested as slightly painful ulcerated growth on the edentulous right maxillary alveolar ridge extending onto the palate, closely resembling carcinoma of the alveolar ridge. Computed tomography images showed the involvement of the maxillary sinus and right nasal cavity, along with destruction of hard palate, superiorly extending into the orbit. This case report highlights the importance of imaging to evaluate the exact extent of such large malignant lesions, which is essential for treatment planning.

  16. Imaging characteristics of diffuse large cell extra nodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma involving the palate and maxillary sinus: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas are a group of highly diverse malignancies and have a strong tendency to affect organs and tissues that do not ordinarily contain lymphoid cells. Primary extra nodal lymphoma of the hard palate is rare. Here, we present a case of diffuse large B cell lymphoma in a 60-year-old male patient that manifested as slightly painful ulcerated growth on the edentulous right maxillary alveolar ridge extending onto the palate, closely resembling carcinoma of the alveolar ridge. Computed tomography images showed the involvement of the maxillary sinus and right nasal cavity, along with destruction of hard palate, superiorly extending into the orbit. This case report highlights the importance of imaging to evaluate the exact extent of such large malignant lesions, which is essential for treatment planning.

  17. Endoscopic sinus surgery in individuals with facial pain due to chronic maxillary sinusitis ? a functional controlled study / Cirurgia endoscópica de seio da face em indivíduos com dor facial devida a sinusite maxilar crônica ? um estudo funcional controlado

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Giuseppe, Sanges; Mario, Gamerra; Gerardo, Sorrentino; Roberto De, Luca; Maddalena, Merone; Michele, Feleppa; Marcelo Eduardo, Bigal.

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Medir a pressão intrasinusal e a eficiência funcional do seio maxilar (EFSM) em indivíduos com dor facial crônica após cirurgia endoscópica maxilar conservadora ou convencional em comparação a pessoas normais. Método: A manometria do seio foi feita 5 vezes durante a inalação. Result [...] ados: A semelhança entre os valores das pressões comparando aqueles tratados com cirurgia minimamente invasiva e os controles foi notável, enquanto que na cirurgia tradicional houve diminuição significativa das pressões intrasinusais. A EFSM foi 100% nas três vezes testadas nos controles, de modo muito semelhante ao que foi observado naqueles submetidos a cirurgia minimamente invasiva (98,3%, 98,8%, e 98,0%) e significativamente diminuída naqueles submetidos a cirurgia convencional (48,8%, 52,1%, 48,5 %, p Abstract in english Objective: To measure the intra-sinus pressure and the maxillary sinus functional efficiency (MSFE) in individuals with chronic facial pain after conservative or conventional endoscopic maxillary surgery, as well as in controls. Method: Sinus manometry was performed 5 times during inhalation. [...] Results: The resemblance of pressure values comparing those treated with minimally invasive surgery and controls was remarkable, while traditional surgery significantly decreased intrasinusal pressures. The MSFE was 100% in the three tested times for controls, close to that in those submitted to minimally invasive surgery (98.3%, 98.8%, and 98.0%) and significantly impaired after conventional surgery (48.8%, 52.1%, 48.5 %, p

  18. Preparación pre protética para implantes dentales mediante elevación del seno maxilar. Presentación de un caso clínico / Pre-prosthetic preparation for dental implants through maxillary sinus lifting

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Félix M, Blanco Mederos; María Teresa, Lima Reyna.

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available La presencia de pacientes que acuden para su rehabilitación protésica mediante implantes osteointegrados en el maxilar posterior con dificultades es frecuente, debido a una disponibilidad ósea vertical insuficiente causada por la presencia del seno maxilar. Para solucionar la falta de altura ósea, s [...] e hace necesario aplicar procedimientos destinados a aumentar la cantidad de hueso en esta área, conocido como elevación del seno maxilar. El objetivo de este trabajo fue presentar un caso, con esta técnica y el uso de materiales de relleno, pues posibilita al implantólogo, la colocación de implantes de mayor longitud que influyen en el éxito del tratamiento. Abstract in english There are many patients assisting the consultation for prosthetic rehabilitation through bone-integrated implants in the posterior maxilla, due to an insufficient vertical bone availability caused by the presence of the maxillary sinus. To solve this lack of bone height, it is necessary to carry out [...] procedures aimed to increasing the bone quantity in this area; the procedure is known as maxillary sinus lifting. This paper’s aim was presenting a case of this technique application, using filling materials that make possible longer implants placement by the implantologist and have influence in the treatment success.

  19. Carcinoma de seno maxilar en paciente con liquen plano oral: presentación de un caso clínico / Maxillary sinus carcinoma in a patient with oral lichen planus: a case report

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    L.J., Grando; S.M.L., Fabro; I.B.S., Rath; M.I., Meurer; F.I., Daniel; G.V., Teixeira; M.L., Somacarrera.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Mujer de 55 años de edad, fumadora, depresiva, con Liquen Plano Oral (LPO) de control clínico difícil, de más de 10 años de evolución. La paciente ha presentado períodos de remisión y exacerbación de las lesiones, de forma paralela presentó aumento de volumen intraoral en región maxilar izquierda, l [...] a superficie de la nueva lesión estaba ulcerada, y desprendía olor fétido en región alveolar sometida a exodoncias previas. El diagnóstico clínico inicial fue de una probable transformación maligna del LPO preexistente. Una biopsia incisional confirmó la presencia de carcinoma de células escamosas. Los exámenes tomográficos revelaron una amplia imagen destructiva dentro del seno maxilar, con zonas de erosión ósea en las estructuras adyacentes. Con la asociación de datos clínicos y de imagen llegamos al diagnóstico de carcinoma de células escamosas en seno maxilar. La paciente fue sometida a maxilectomía parcial y radioterapia adyuvante. Después de algunos meses, se manifestó la recidiva local con el agravamiento del cuadro clínico del paciente. Se instauró la quimioterapia paliativa adyuvante, sin éxito clínico. La paciente murió después de un año de tratamiento, debido a trombosis. Abstract in english Patient with difficult-to-manage oral lichen planus, with relapses and exacerbations over a 10-year period, presented with a large ulcerative and foul-smelling intraoral mass in the left maxillary region. The initial clinical diagnosis indicated squamous cell carcinoma with possible association with [...] previous history of lichen planus at the site. The incisional biopsy confirmed the presence of squamous cell carcinoma. The imaging exams revealed extensive involvement of the adjacent maxillary sinus cavity, with areas of bone erosion. The association of clinical, imaging and laboratory data indicated maxillary sinus carcinoma. The patient underwent maxillectomy and adjuvant radiation therapy. Local relapse and deterioration of symptoms occurred, and palliative chemotherapy was then used. The patient was refractory to chemotherapy and died one year later.

  20. Computed tomographic appearances of paranasal sinus aspergillosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The computed tomographic (CT) appearances of paranasal sinus aspergillosis in two cases were reported. Conventional radiographs of the paranasal sinuses of these cases revealed unilateral opacification of the maxillary sinus with bony destruction of the medial antral wall around the natural ostium and ethomoid-maxillary plate. CT demonstrated a soft tissue mass of the maxillary sinus, a relatively well-defined bony destruction of the medial maxillary wall with bony flagments, and reactive thickening of the remaining maxillary walls. Paranasal sinus aspergillosis should be suggested in all cases of prolonged unilateral sinus opacification with or without bony destruction. (author)

  1. Maxillary Sinus Septa Prevalence and Morphology: Computed Tomography Based Analysis / Prevalencia y Morfología del Septo del Seno Maxilar: Análisis Basado en Estudios de Tomografía Computadorizada

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Magdalena, Malec; Tomasz, Smektala; Marcin, Tutak; Grzegorz, Trybek; Katarzyna, Sporniak-Tutak.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la prevalencia, ubicación y morfología del septo del seno maxilar, y en particular de las formas orientadas sagitalmente, que no pueden ser visualizadas con el uso de equipos convencionales de Rayos X en dos dimensiones. De esta manera, se busca ofrecer inf [...] ormación sobre el grupo potencial de pacientes, que serán sometidos a estudios de tomografía computarizada antes de la elevación del seno maxilar. El análisis se basó en 216 imágenes de archivo de tomografía computarizada. El criterio de exclusión fue la presencia de cualquier sospecha de patología en la región maxilar. La prevalencia de septos hallados en tomografía computarizada fue alta (49%) con una altura media de 5,44 mm. La incidencia de septos orientados sagitalmente, encontrados en estudios de Rayos X 2D fue del 10%, siendo la localización más frecuente la región del segundo molar. De acuerdo a los resultados obtenidos y respetando los principios de seguridad radiológica, los autores sugieren que la ortopantomografía de rayos X puede ser un examen radiológico suficiente antes de comenzar el procedimiento quirúrgico de implante en el área del seno maxilar. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence, location and morphology of maxillary sinus septa, and in particular sagittally orientated forms, which cannot be visualized by classic 2D x-rays. Thereby authors would like to provide information about the potential patient group, to be referred f [...] or the computed tomography scan before sinus lift procedure. The analysis was based on 216 computed tomography archival images. The exclusion criterion was occurrence of any suspected pathology in the maxillary region. The septa prevalence that was investigated in computed tomography was high (49%) with the mean height of 5.44 mm. The incidence of sagittally orientated septa as a challenge in 2D x-rays was 10%, with the second molar region as the most frequent location. Based on the obtained results and radiation safety principles, the authors suggest that orthopantomogram x-ray may be a sufficient ancillary radiological examination before beginning preimplant surgical procedure in the area of the maxillary sinus.

  2. Traumatic orbital fracture with intact ocular globe displacement into the maxillary sinus / Fratura traumática de órbita com deslocamento de globo ocular intacto para o seio maxilar

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Nadyr Antônia Pereira, Damasceno; Eduardo de França, Damasceno.

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Os autores relatam um caso de fratura de assoalho e parede medial de órbita após trauma com deslocamento de globo ocular intacto para o seio maxilar. Os mesmos autores enfatizam o tratamento, complicações e a raridade da entidade. Neste caso o paciente desenvolveu uma boa acuidade visual e uma perda [...] de motilidade ocular como complicação (exceto abdução). Abstract in english The authors report one case of orbital fracture of the floor and the medial walls after trauma with an intact ocular globe displacement into the maxillary sinus. The same authors emphasize the treatment, complications and the rarity of this case. In this case the patient developed a good visual acui [...] ty and a loss of ocular motility as complication (except abduction) .

  3. Maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft: a systematic review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Thomas; Schou, SØren

    2012-01-01

    Aims: The objective of the present systematic review was to test the hypothesis of no differences in the implant treatment outcome when Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone is used as graft for the maxillary sinus floor augmentation (MSFA) applying the lateral window technique. Material and methods: A MEDLINE (PubMed) search in combination with a hand search of relevant journals was conducted by including human studies published in English from January 1, 1990 to June 1, 2010. The search provided 879 titles and 35 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Considerable variation in the included studies prevented meta-analysis from being performed and no long-term study comparing MSFA with the two treatment modalities was identified. Also, the survival of suprastructures after the two augmentation procedures was not compared within the same study. Results: The 1-year implant survival was compared in one study demonstrating no statistically significant difference. The implant survival was 96% with Bio-Oss and 94% with a mixture of 80% Bio-Oss and 20% autogenous mandibular bone. Addition of a limited amount of autogenous bone to Bio-Oss seemed not to increase the amount of new bone formation and bone-to-implant contact compared with Bio-Oss. Conclusions: Therefore, the hypothesis of no differences between the use of Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft for MSFA could neither be confirmed nor rejected. To cite this article: Jensen T, Schou S, Stavropoulos A, Terheyden H, Holmstrup P. Maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft: a systematic review. Clin. Oral Impl. Res. xx, 2011; 000-000 doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0501.2011.02168.x.

  4. Hemangioma cavernoso gigante de seno maxilar: Reporte de un caso y revisión de la literatura / Giant cavernous hemangioma of the maxillary sinus: Case report and literature review

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alfredo, Naser G; Arturo, Samith M; Carlos, Ríos D.

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Los hemangiomas son neoplasias vasculares benignas que se presentan de preferencia en la región cervicofacial, siendo raros en las fosas nasales y excepcionales en los senos paranasales, con pocos casos reportados. Se presenta un paciente de sexo masculino y 33 años de edad, que consultó por obstruc [...] ción nasal, aumento de volumen maxilar y exoftalmo izquierdo de 2 años de evolución. La tomografía computada con contraste mostraba una masa hipodensa con realce anular del contraste en maxilar izquierdo, con extensión a la cavidad nasal, con destrucción del piso de la órbita y la pared anterior del seno maxilar. Se tomó biopsia que se informó como hemangioma cavernoso, por lo que fue manejado con embolización y escleroterapia arterial supraselectiva previa a la resección. Se realizó una maxilectomía subtotal por abordaje de Weber-Ferguson, sin recidiva al seguimiento a 15 meses. Además se comparan los hallazgos y el manejo de nuestro paciente con revisiones extranjeras. Abstract in english Hemangiomas are benign vascular neoplasms that occur preferentially in the head and neck, being uncommon in the nasal cavities and exceptionally rare in the paranasal sinuses, with very few cases reported. We present the case of a 33 year old male, that consulted for nasal obstruction, maxillary enl [...] argement and left exophthalmos of 2 years of evolution. Contrast enhanced computed tomography showed a hypódense mass with a ring enhanced lesion in the left maxilla, extending to the nasal cavity, with orbital floor and anterior wall of the maxillary sinus destruction. A biopsy sample was informed as cavernous hemangioma. Accordingly, it was treated by supraselective arterial embolization and sclerotherapy previous to surgical resection. A subtotal maxillectomy was performed following the Weber-Ferguson approach, with no recidives after a 15 month follow-up. In addition, we compare our findings and patient management with those reviewed in the literature.

  5. Hemangioma cavernoso gigante de seno maxilar: Reporte de un caso y revisión de la literatura Giant cavernous hemangioma of the maxillary sinus: Case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Naser G

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Los hemangiomas son neoplasias vasculares benignas que se presentan de preferencia en la región cervicofacial, siendo raros en las fosas nasales y excepcionales en los senos paranasales, con pocos casos reportados. Se presenta un paciente de sexo masculino y 33 años de edad, que consultó por obstrucción nasal, aumento de volumen maxilar y exoftalmo izquierdo de 2 años de evolución. La tomografía computada con contraste mostraba una masa hipodensa con realce anular del contraste en maxilar izquierdo, con extensión a la cavidad nasal, con destrucción del piso de la órbita y la pared anterior del seno maxilar. Se tomó biopsia que se informó como hemangioma cavernoso, por lo que fue manejado con embolización y escleroterapia arterial supraselectiva previa a la resección. Se realizó una maxilectomía subtotal por abordaje de Weber-Ferguson, sin recidiva al seguimiento a 15 meses. Además se comparan los hallazgos y el manejo de nuestro paciente con revisiones extranjeras.Hemangiomas are benign vascular neoplasms that occur preferentially in the head and neck, being uncommon in the nasal cavities and exceptionally rare in the paranasal sinuses, with very few cases reported. We present the case of a 33 year old male, that consulted for nasal obstruction, maxillary enlargement and left exophthalmos of 2 years of evolution. Contrast enhanced computed tomography showed a hypódense mass with a ring enhanced lesion in the left maxilla, extending to the nasal cavity, with orbital floor and anterior wall of the maxillary sinus destruction. A biopsy sample was informed as cavernous hemangioma. Accordingly, it was treated by supraselective arterial embolization and sclerotherapy previous to surgical resection. A subtotal maxillectomy was performed following the Weber-Ferguson approach, with no recidives after a 15 month follow-up. In addition, we compare our findings and patient management with those reviewed in the literature.

  6. Diagnosis of drowning using post-mortem computed tomography based on the volume and density of fluid accumulation in the maxillary and sphenoid sinuses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent studies have reported that drowning victims frequently have fluid accumulation in the paranasal sinuses, most notably the maxillary and sphenoid sinuses. However, in our previous study, many non-drowning victims also had fluid accumulation in the sinuses. Therefore, we evaluated the qualitative difference in fluid accumulation between drowning and non-drowning cases in the present study. Thirty-eight drowning and 73 non-drowning cases were investigated retrospectively. The fluid volume and density of each case were calculated using a DICOM workstation. The drowning cases were compared with the non-drowning cases using the Mann–Whitney U-test because the data showed non-normal distribution. The median fluid volume was 1.82 (range 0.02–11.7) ml in the drowning cases and 0.49 (0.03–8.7) ml in the non-drowning cases, and the median fluid density was 22 (?14 to 66) and 39 (?65 to 77) HU, respectively. Both volume and density differed significantly between the drowning and non-drowning cases (p = 0.001, p = 0.0007). Regarding cut-off levels in the ROC analysis, the points on the ROC curve closest (0, 1) were 1.03 ml (sensitivity 68%, specificity 68%, PPV 53%, NPV 81%) and 27.5 HU (61%, 70%, 51%, 77%). The Youden indices were 1.03 ml and 37.8 HU (84%, 51%, 47%, 86%). When the cut-off level was set at 1.03 ml and 27.5 HU, the sensitivity was 42%, specificity 45%, PPV 29% and NPV 60%. When the cut-off level was set at 1.03 ml and 37.8 HU, sensitivity was 58%, specificity 32%, PPV 31% and NPV 59%

  7. Silent sinus syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    M Sonbolestan; M Rogha; M Amiri Davan

    2005-01-01

    Silent sinus syndrome(SSS) is a rare clinical condition. In this report, we are presenting a 58 years old woman with chief complain of right global pain. All ophthalmic examinations were normal. In CT-scan of para nasal sinuses right maxillary sinus volume was decreased but she had no sinonasal symptoms.

  8. Silent sinus syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Sonbolestan

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Silent sinus syndrome(SSS is a rare clinical condition. In this report, we are presenting a 58 years old woman with chief complain of right global pain. All ophthalmic examinations were normal. In CT-scan of para nasal sinuses right maxillary sinus volume was decreased but she had no sinonasal symptoms.

  9. Presencia de Quistes de Retención Mucoso del Seno Maxilar Detectados por Radiografías Panorámicas en Pacientes de la Ciudad de Temuco, Chile / Presence of Mucus Retention Cysts in Maxillary Sinus Detected by Panoramic Radiographs on Patients of Temuco, Chile

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ramón, Fuentes Fernández; Ivonne, Garay Carrasco; Eduardo, Borie Echevarría.

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Los quistes de retención mucoso son una patología muy poco frecuente en el seno maxilar, perode fácil detección en radiografías panorámicas. El propósito de este estudio fue cuantificar los casos de mucoceles en senos maxilares durante un periodo de 5 meses, observando su frecuencia por edad y sexo. [...] Se encontró una prevalencia de 2.06% en 339 radiografías revisadas, observándose mayor frecuencia en el género masculino y a una edad promedio de 30 años. Todos los casos no manifestaron sintomatología alguna. Abstract in english Mucus retention cyst are a pathology with very low frequency in maxillary sinus, but easy to detect in panoramic radiographs. The aim of this study was quantify mucocele cases in maxillary sinus along five months, detecting their frequency by age and sex. It was found a prevalence of 2.06%, noting m [...] ore frequently in male sex and with an average age of 30. All cases were presented without previous symptomatology.

  10. Presencia de Quistes de Retención Mucoso del Seno Maxilar Detectados por Radiografías Panorámicas en Pacientes de la Ciudad de Temuco, Chile Presence of Mucus Retention Cysts in Maxillary Sinus Detected by Panoramic Radiographs on Patients of Temuco, Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Fuentes Fernández

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Los quistes de retención mucoso son una patología muy poco frecuente en el seno maxilar, perode fácil detección en radiografías panorámicas. El propósito de este estudio fue cuantificar los casos de mucoceles en senos maxilares durante un periodo de 5 meses, observando su frecuencia por edad y sexo. Se encontró una prevalencia de 2.06% en 339 radiografías revisadas, observándose mayor frecuencia en el género masculino y a una edad promedio de 30 años. Todos los casos no manifestaron sintomatología alguna.Mucus retention cyst are a pathology with very low frequency in maxillary sinus, but easy to detect in panoramic radiographs. The aim of this study was quantify mucocele cases in maxillary sinus along five months, detecting their frequency by age and sex. It was found a prevalence of 2.06%, noting more frequently in male sex and with an average age of 30. All cases were presented without previous symptomatology.

  11. Elevación de seno maxilar: Análisis clínico de nuestra experiencia en más de 100 casos Clinical analysis of our experience in over 100 cases of maxillary sinus lift

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gui-Youn Cho-Lee

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: La elevación de seno maxilar es uno de los procedimientos más versátiles en cirugía oral, de modo que hay descritos diversos abordajes, tipos de injertos, posibilidad de asociar otras técnicas preprotésicas y colocar implantes de manera simultánea o diferida, dependiendo de la altura ósea inicial. Nuestro propósito es comunicar nuestra experiencia después de intervenir 131 casos. Materiales y métodos: Se analizó una serie de 131 procedimientos llevados a cabo en 91 pacientes consecutivos, entre 1996 y 2007. La edad media fue de 50,43 años (23-69. El control radiológico pre y postoperatorio se realizó mediante ortopantomografía y TC dental. Se analizó la tasa de éxito implantario (implantes osteointegrados y cargados comparando los distintos injertos, el hábito tabáquico, las patologías asociadas y la colocación simultánea o diferida de los implantes. Así mismo, el tiempo (meses necesario para cargar la prótesis se ha comparado entre los diferentes tipos de injerto. Resultados: En las zonas aumentadas se colocaron un total de 228 implantes roscados. La altura preoperatoria media del suelo del seno fue de 6,59±2,11 mm y la postoperatoria de 14,57±2,33 mm. El seguimiento medio fue de 2,94 años (1-12. La tasa de éxito implantario global fue de 96,91%, no habiéndose encontrado diferencias significativas entre los distintos injertos, patologías asociadas o el hábito tabáquico. Conclusiones: En base a este análisis retrospectivo, se concluye que la elevación de seno es una técnica versátil, eficaz, segura y predecible; con una tasa de éxito implantario muy alta independiente del tipo de injerto, comorbilidad, hábito tabáquico y colocación simultánea o diferida de los implantes. El empleo de injerto óseo autólogo requiere un tiempo de espera para la carga protésica significativamente menor.Purpose: Maxillary sinus elevation surgery is one of the most versatile surgical procedures in maxillofacial surgery: there are various approaches to the sinus, different materials for sinus grafting, other preprosthetic procedures can be associated and the implants placement can be simultaneous or delayed, depending on the initial bone height. The aim of this study was to demonstrate this versatility by means of reporting the clinical outcome of sinus augmentation surgery in 131 cases. Materials and Methods: 131 sinus augmentation procedures were undertaken on 91 consecutive patients (mean age 50,43 years (26-69. The preoperative and postoperative radiological study was developed by means of orthopantomography and Dental-TC. The survival rate of implants, as measured by integration and succesfull loading, was compared between different graft materials, smoking/non-smoking patients, different groups of associated pathologies and simultaneous/delayed implants placement. The time (months necessary for prosthesis loading was measured and compared between the different graft material groups. Results: 228 screw-type implants were placed in sinus lifted regions. The mean residual ridge height was 6,59±2,11 mm. The mean postsurgical ridge height was 14,57±2,33 mm. After a mean follow-up period of 2,94 years (range 1 to 12 years the global implant survival rate was 96,91%. There were not significant differences between different bone grafts, associated comorbidity and smoking habits. Conclusions: On the basis of this retrospective study, it might be concluded that the sinus augmentation surgery is a very versatile procedure. Its efficacy and predictability in terms of implant survival rate is extremely high and independent on the bone graft material, surgical technique, associated morbility, smoking habit and immediate/delayed implant placement. The use of autologous bone requires less time to load the prosthesis.

  12. Elevación de seno maxilar: Análisis clínico de nuestra experiencia en más de 100 casos / Clinical analysis of our experience in over 100 cases of maxillary sinus lift

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gui-Youn, Cho-Lee; L., Naval-Gías; M., Mancha de la Plata; J., Sastre-Pérez; A.L., Capote-Moreno; M.F., Muñoz-Guerra; F.J., Rodríguez-Campo.

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: La elevación de seno maxilar es uno de los procedimientos más versátiles en cirugía oral, de modo que hay descritos diversos abordajes, tipos de injertos, posibilidad de asociar otras técnicas preprotésicas y colocar implantes de manera simultánea o diferida, dependiendo de la altura ósea [...] inicial. Nuestro propósito es comunicar nuestra experiencia después de intervenir 131 casos. Materiales y métodos: Se analizó una serie de 131 procedimientos llevados a cabo en 91 pacientes consecutivos, entre 1996 y 2007. La edad media fue de 50,43 años (23-69). El control radiológico pre y postoperatorio se realizó mediante ortopantomografía y TC dental. Se analizó la tasa de éxito implantario (implantes osteointegrados y cargados) comparando los distintos injertos, el hábito tabáquico, las patologías asociadas y la colocación simultánea o diferida de los implantes. Así mismo, el tiempo (meses) necesario para cargar la prótesis se ha comparado entre los diferentes tipos de injerto. Resultados: En las zonas aumentadas se colocaron un total de 228 implantes roscados. La altura preoperatoria media del suelo del seno fue de 6,59±2,11 mm y la postoperatoria de 14,57±2,33 mm. El seguimiento medio fue de 2,94 años (1-12). La tasa de éxito implantario global fue de 96,91%, no habiéndose encontrado diferencias significativas entre los distintos injertos, patologías asociadas o el hábito tabáquico. Conclusiones: En base a este análisis retrospectivo, se concluye que la elevación de seno es una técnica versátil, eficaz, segura y predecible; con una tasa de éxito implantario muy alta independiente del tipo de injerto, comorbilidad, hábito tabáquico y colocación simultánea o diferida de los implantes. El empleo de injerto óseo autólogo requiere un tiempo de espera para la carga protésica significativamente menor. Abstract in english Purpose: Maxillary sinus elevation surgery is one of the most versatile surgical procedures in maxillofacial surgery: there are various approaches to the sinus, different materials for sinus grafting, other preprosthetic procedures can be associated and the implants placement can be simultaneous or [...] delayed, depending on the initial bone height. The aim of this study was to demonstrate this versatility by means of reporting the clinical outcome of sinus augmentation surgery in 131 cases. Materials and Methods: 131 sinus augmentation procedures were undertaken on 91 consecutive patients (mean age 50,43 years (26-69)). The preoperative and postoperative radiological study was developed by means of orthopantomography and Dental-TC. The survival rate of implants, as measured by integration and succesfull loading, was compared between different graft materials, smoking/non-smoking patients, different groups of associated pathologies and simultaneous/delayed implants placement. The time (months) necessary for prosthesis loading was measured and compared between the different graft material groups. Results: 228 screw-type implants were placed in sinus lifted regions. The mean residual ridge height was 6,59±2,11 mm. The mean postsurgical ridge height was 14,57±2,33 mm. After a mean follow-up period of 2,94 years (range 1 to 12 years) the global implant survival rate was 96,91%. There were not significant differences between different bone grafts, associated comorbidity and smoking habits. Conclusions: On the basis of this retrospective study, it might be concluded that the sinus augmentation surgery is a very versatile procedure. Its efficacy and predictability in terms of implant survival rate is extremely high and independent on the bone graft material, surgical technique, associated morbility, smoking habit and immediate/delayed implant placement. The use of autologous bone requires less time to load the prosthesis.

  13. Radiography and ultrasonography in paranasal sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to analyze whether ultrasonography with a reasonable degree of confidence can replace radiography in the diagnosis of sinusitis, 138 patients with clinical signs of sinusitis were examined with both methods. It was found that maxillary sinus fluid was recognized ultrasonographically with a confidence that increased with the amount of fluid, judged from radiographic examinations. In a sub-group of 45 cases, fluid confirmed by maxillary sinus puncture was detected by ultrasonography in 34/45 sinuses (78%) and by radiology in 38/45 sinuses (84%). In patients with radiographically normal maxillary sinuses, the correlation to ultrasound was good. However, mucosal swelling and polyps or cysts observed at radiography were poorly demonstrated by ultrasonography. In addition, the ultrasound method was not reliable for frontal sinus diagnosis. It was concluded that ultrasonography can be recommended in maxillary sinusitis for follow-up of treatment and as a screening method before sinus radiography. (orig.)

  14. Tercer molar superior retenido en seno maxilar. Presentación de un caso / Third Upper Molar Retained in Maxillary Sinus. Presentation of a Case

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alexis Andrés, Amador Velázquez; Hung Quevedo, Orlando Alberto; Deyanira, Menéndez Díaz.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Se presentó una paciente de 38 años de edad, mestiza, la cual acudió a Consulta de Cirugía Maxilofacial del Hospital Lenin remitida del Servicio de Neurocirugía, que refirió ser objeto de varios estudios de cráneo (incluyendo TAC) por presentar cefaleas mantenidas de moderada a gran intensidad. Los [...] resultados de los estudios fueron negativos. Refirió que recibió tratamiento farmacológico para aliviar los síntomas dolorosos, además, describió otros signos y síntomas como: caída del cabello, afectaciones visuales del lado derecho (visión borrosa, molestias), dolor facial difuso y edema en hemicara derecha. Al examen físico nada a señalar, con rayos x de senos paranasales se diagnosticó la presencia de un tercer molar incluido en seno maxilar derecho. La paciente fue llevada al salón de forma electiva y mediante la técnica de Caldwell-Lud fue extraído dicho molar. La paciente evolucionó de manera favorable. Abstract in english A 38-year-old black, which came to Consultation of Maxillofacial Surgery at Lenin Hospital, from Neurosurgery Department was reported in this paper. The patient was referred to study due to be the subject of several studies of skull (including TAC) due to headaches maintained from moderate to high i [...] ntensity. The results of the studies were negative. The patient received drug treatment to relieve the painful symptoms also described other signs and symptoms such as hair loss, visual detriment to the right side (blurred vision, discomfort), diffuse facial pain and swelling in right side of the face. Physical examination revealed nothing to indicate, with sinus x-rays the presence of a third molar in the right maxillary sinus was diagnosed. The patient was taken to the room and through elective Caldwell-Lud technique, the molar was extracted. The patient progressed favorably.

  15. Maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft in animals : a systematic review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, T; Schou, S

    2012-01-01

    The objective of the present systematic review was to test the hypothesis of no differences between the use of Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft for maxillary sinus floor augmentation (MSFA) applying the lateral window technique, as evaluated in animals. A MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase, and Cochrane Library search in combination with a hand-search of relevant journals was conducted by including animal studies published in English from 1 January 1990 to 1 June 2010. The search provided 879 titles and 14 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The volumetric stability of the graft improved significantly with increased proportion of Bio-Oss. Bone regeneration, bone-to-implant contact (BIC), biomechanical implant test values, and biodegradation of Bio-Oss after MSFA with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone have never been compared within the same study in animals. Thus, the hypothesis of no differences between the use of Bio-Oss and Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft for MSFA could neither be confirmed nor rejected based on existing animal studies.

  16. Maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft in animals: a systematic review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Thomas; Schou, S

    2012-01-01

    The objective of the present systematic review was to test the hypothesis of no differences between the use of Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft for maxillary sinus floor augmentation (MSFA) applying the lateral window technique, as evaluated in animals. A MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase, and Cochrane Library search in combination with a hand-search of relevant journals was conducted by including animal studies published in English from 1 January 1990 to 1 June 2010. The search provided 879 titles and 14 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The volumetric stability of the graft improved significantly with increased proportion of Bio-Oss. Bone regeneration, bone-to-implant contact (BIC), biomechanical implant test values, and biodegradation of Bio-Oss after MSFA with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone have never been compared within the same study in animals. Thus, the hypothesis of no differences between the use of Bio-Oss and Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft for MSFA could neither be confirmed nor rejected based on existing animal studies.

  17. Plasmablastic Lymphoma of the Maxillary Sinus: Case Report of a Novel Treatment Approach of Concurrent Bortezomib and Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick J. Richard

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL is an aggressive variant of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and was initially described as affecting the oral cavity of patients with HIV. Recently, it has been better characterized through histopathology and case reports demonstrating that it may affect HIV-negative patients as well. In particular, elderly patients that have immunosenescence can develop PBL, and it may present in anatomic sites outside the oral cavity. Treatment typically consists of aggressive chemotherapy regimens, such as CHOP, EPOCH, or hyper-CVAD; however, elderly patients may not be able to tolerate such intense regimens. We present a case of an elderly man with PBL of the maxillary sinus treated with a unique regimen of concurrent bortezomib and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT. This treatment produced a significant, durable tumor response and was well tolerated. Bortezomib with IMRT could be considered an alternative to more intense chemotherapy regimens, particularly in elderly patients with PBL, although prospective studies are needed to further test the safety and efficacy.

  18. The current status of the treatment for T4 maxillary sinus cancer in Japan. A multi-institutional retrospective observation study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to assess the current status in Japan of the treatment for squamous cell carcinoma of the T4 maxillary sinus (MS-SCC) and its use to plan clinical trials in the future. The data for 128 patients with previously untreated MS-SCC were obtained from 28 institutions from 2006 to 2007. Of the 128 patients, 118 patients with curative intent were included in an analysis of the treatment and its results. Of the 118 patients, 73 patients had T4a disease, and 45 with T4b. Thirty-nine patients (33.1%) were treated with total maxillectomy, 25 (21.2%) with partial maxillectomy, 22 patients (18.6%) with RADPLAT, 19 patients (16.1%) with IV-CRT, and 13 patients (11.0%) with others. The 5-year overall survival rate and local control rate for 118 patients were 49.8% and 48.9%, respectively. The 5-year overall survival rates for patients with T4aN0M0 and T4bN0M0 were 67.5% and 29.8%, respectively. This study was retrospective, but we could understand the tendency of treatment choice and treatment results. It will be useful information to plan clinical trials in the future. (author)

  19. Fate of a Bovine-Derived Xenograft in Maxillary Sinus Floor Elevation After 14 Years: Histologic and Radiologic Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayna, Mustafa; Açil, Yahya; Gulses, Aydin

    2015-01-01

    This report assesses the results following sinus floor augmentation performed 14 years previously in which bovine bone xenograft material was used without implant insertion. After sinus floor augmentation, using a 20:80 mixture of autogenous bone and inorganic bovine bone material (Bio-Oss), bone biopsy specimens were taken from the grafted site, processed with Donath's sawing and grinding technique, stained with toluidine blue, and mounted on high-sensitivity plates for histology and microradiography. Histologic and microradiographic analysis showed the ingrowth of newly formed bone into the graft with interspersed residual Bio-Oss granules. The percentage of Bio- Oss and newly formed bone was 10.18% and 9.32%, respectively, within a total surface area of 70.61 mm² at the site of the corresponding missing first molar, and the percentage of Bio-Oss and newly formed bone was 11.47% and 14.96%, respectively, within a total surface area of 63.92 mm² at the corresponding missing second molar. The newly formed bone was vital without signs of resorption. This study produced strong evidence that newly formed bone was distributed throughout the bone substitute material around all of its granules and that the grafted site consisted of vital bone even in its central parts. The differences in degradation rate and/or whether the effect of bone graft substitutes alone and/ or in combination with other types, shapes, and sizes of graft materials needs further clinical investigation, especially in regard to long-term changes. PMID:26133144

  20. Bilateral sinus cysts in a filly treated by endoscopic sinus surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Luis C. L. C.; Zoppa, Andre? L. V.; Fernandes, Wilson R.; Baccarin, Raquel Y. A.; Machado, Thai?s S. L.

    2009-01-01

    Bilateral cysts in the frontal and caudal maxillary sinuses in a filly treated by endoscopic sinus surgery (sinoscopy) and triangulation technique are described. Sinoscopy has the advantage of being a minimally invasive technique and permits a complete inspection of the frontal and maxillary sinuses, which is not possible through flap sinusotomy.

  1. Radiological changes in the paranasal sinuses in lepromatous leprosy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In view of the high incidence of nasal involvement in lepromatous leprosy and the production of a highly infectious discharge from the nasal mucosa, it seemed pertinent to investigate the paranasal sinuses whose lining greatly increase the surface area of mucous membrane in the upper respiratory tract. Sinus radiographs were taken of 16 patients diagnosed, clinically and bacteriologically, as having lepromatous leprosy with nasal involvement. All 16 patients showed radiological abnormalities which are summarized. The most constant finding was mucosal thickening of the maxillary antra. The significance of these results is discussed. Sinus X-rays, while not diagnostic for leprosy may give additional information to both the leprologist and the ENT surgeon. (author)

  2. Tercer molar ectópico a nivel de región infraorbitaria-seno maxilar Ectopic third molar of the maxillary sinus-infraorbital region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Moreno García

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Introducción. Los cordales ectópicos son aquellos incluidos en posiciones inusuales o desplazados a distancia de su normal localización anatómica. La erupción ectópica de un diente dentro de la cavidad oral es común pero en otros lugares es raro. La erupción ectópica puede ir asociada con alteraciones en el desarrollo, procesos patológicos o yatrogenia. Caso Clínico. Mujer de 56 años de edad con tercer molar superior derecho ectópico a nivel de región infraorbitaria-seno maxilar. Presentaba dolor e inflamación hemifacial derecha de larga evolución y resistente a tratamiento médico. Se realizó exéresis quirúrgica de dicho cordal mediante abordaje de Caldwell-Luc. Discusión. En muchos casos la etiología de un cordal ectópico no puede ser identificada. La mayor parte de las veces son asintomáticos y diagnosticados mediante estudios radiológicos. Conclusión. La indicación de la exodoncia en el caso de un diente ectópico en general viene determinada por la presencia de sintomatología o en prevención de futuras complicaciones.Introduction. Ectopic third molar teeth are those that are impacted in unusual positions, or that have been displaced and are at a distance from their normal anatomic location. Ectopic eruption of a tooth within the oral cavity is common, but rare in other sites. Ectopic eruption can be associated with developmental disturbances, pathologic processes or iatrogenic activity. Case Report. Female, fifty-six years old, with an upper right ectopic third molar located in the maxillary sinus-infraorbital region. She presented with pain and inflammation of the right side of her face that she had been experiencing for along time and which had been resistant to treatment. Surgical excision was carried out of the third molar tooth using the Caldwell-Luc approach. Discussion. In many cases the etiology of ectopic third molars cannot be identified. Generally they are asymptomatic and diagnosed by radiology studies. Conclusion. The indication for extraction in ectopic teeth cases is in general determined by the presence of symptomatology, or by the need for preventing future complications.

  3. Sinuses / Sinusitis / Rhinosinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Share | Sinuses|Sinusitis|Rhinosinusitis « Back to A to Z Listing The sinuses are located in the front of the face in ... into the nose. Rhinosinusitis, commonly referred to as sinusitis, occurs when the sinus openings become blocked or ...

  4. Papel da punção do seio maxilar no diagnóstico e no tratamento de pacientes com rinossinusite hospitalar / The role of maxillary sinus puncture on the diagnosis and treatment of patients with hospital-acquired rhinosinusitis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José Arruda, Mendes Neto; Viviane Maria, Guerreiro; Elcio Roldan, Hirai; Eduardo Macoto, Kosugi; Rodrigo de Paula, Santos; Luis Carlos, Gregório.

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available A rinossinusite é uma das principais causas de febre em pacientes críticos e deve ser sistematicamente pesquisada. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o impacto da punção do seio maxilar à beira leito, no diagnóstico e no tratamento dos pacientes com rinossinusite infecciosa internados em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva [...] de um hospital universitário de alta complexidade. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo que avaliou os pacientes em ventilação mecânica com febre de origem indeterminada e sinais tomográficos de rinossinusite submetidos à punção do seio maxilar pelo meato inferior. RESULTADOS: A amostra total do estudo consistiu de 27 pacientes (70,3% do sexo masculino com média de idade 45,3 anos). Os diagnósticos de admissão mais frequentes na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva foram Trauma Crânio Encefálico e Acidente Vascular Cerebral. No exame tomográfico, os seios paranasais mais acometidos foram o maxilar, em 85,2%, e esfenoidal, em 74,1%. A secreção purulenta foi visualizada no meato médio em 30,7% das fossas nasais. Os microrganismos mais frequentes nos aspirados dos seios foram Pseudomonas aeruginosa e Acinetobacter baumannii. CONCLUSÃO: A punção do seio maxilar à beira leito demonstrou-se uma importante ferramenta diagnóstica e terapêutica nos pacientes de UTI com rinossinusite hospitalar, submetidos à ventilação mecânica invasiva. Abstract in english Rhinosinusitis is one of the most commom causes of fever of unknown origin in critically ill patients and should be systematically searched. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the diagnostic and therapeutic effect of maxillary sinus puncture performed at the bedside in patients with infective rh [...] inosinusitis hospitalized in an Intensive Care Unit of a high complexity care hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study looks into patients on mechanical ventilation with fever of unknown origin and signs of rhinosinusitis on CT images who were submitted to inferior meatus maxillary sinus puncture. RESULTS: The total study sample consisted of 27 patients (70.3% male; mean age 45.3 years). The most common Intensive Care Unit admission diagnoses were head trauma and stroke. CT scans revealed the maxillary (85.2%) and sphenoid (74.1%) sinuses were the most involved paranasal sinuses. Middle meatus purulent drainage was seen in 30.7% of the nasal cavities. Fever was reduced in 70.4% of the patients after puncture (p

  5. Radiodiagnostics of maxillary osteomyelitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Osteomyelitis is defined as an inflammation or infection in bone tissues - cancellous bone, bone marrow, bone compacta and periosteum due to invasion of infection from surrounding tissues. Maxillary osteomyelitis is less common disease than osteomyelitis of mandible. This can be explained by anatomical structure of maxilla which is mainly composed of sinuses and thin bone lamellae. Such a structure allows rapid propagation of the infection to the surface. There have been examined and treated 70 patients with osteomyelitis of facial bones within past 15 years at Department of stomatology and maxillo-facial surgery of P.J. Safarik University in Kosice. Only four cases were diagnosed as maxillary osteomyelitis. The aim of this study was to mention the differences in anatomy and symptoms of acute and chronic stage of maxillary osteomyelitis and to give a detailed radiographic picture of this affliction. (authors)

  6. Preoperative concurrent CBDCA chemotherapy and accelerated hyperfractionated radiotherapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Omura, Ken; Harada, Hiroyuki [Tokyo Medical and Dental Univ. (Japan). Graduate School; Suzuki, Haruhiko; Takeuchi, Yosuke; Hatano, Kazuo; Togawa, Takashi

    2001-11-01

    Between 1994 and 2000, 28 patients with T3/T4 squamus cell carcinoma of the maxillary region (maxillary sinus, 22; maxillary gingiva, 4; maxillary bone, 1; buccal mucosa, 1) had accelerated hyperfractionated radiotherapy combined with simultaneous CBDCA chemotherapy preoperatively, at Chiba Cancer Center Hospital. The protocol consisted of combined therapy with accelerated hyperfractionated irradiation of 1.6 Gy, twice a day, to a total dose of 32.0-51.2 Gy and concurrent intra-arterial or intravenous infusion of CBDCA 20-30 mg/body/day for a cumulative total dose of 270-480 mg. After completion of the preoperative combined therapy, the clinical CR rate was 17.9%, and the good PR{center_dot}CR rate was 32.1%. According to the initial findings and response to the combined therapy, all patients had maxillectomy (subtotal, 3; total, 16; extended, 9) 4 weeks after completion of the preoperative combined therapy. Postoperatively, the complete pathologic response (Ohboshi and Shimozato's classification, grade III and IV) rate was 28.6%. And the actuarial local control rate was 85.7%, with a mean follow-up of 46.2 months. Based on these results, we believe this preoperative therapy with CBDCA chemotherapy and accelerated hyperfractionated radiation is a significant choice as treatment for squamous cell cancer of the maxillary region. (author)

  7. Reconstrução do seio maxilar atrófico com enxerto autólogo de crista ilíaca: avaliação por tomografia computadorizada e radiografia panorâmica Autologus crest iliac graft in the reconstruction of resorbed maxillary sinus: evaluation through computed tomography and panoramic radiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Luíz Zétola

    2002-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: As dificuldades para a utilização de implantes dentários osteointegrados em pacientes portadores de atrofia do seio maxilar justificaram o emprego de enxerto autólogo não vascularizado de crista ilíaca isolado ou associado à hidroxiapatita (HA em 14 pacientes submetidos a 25 procedimentos no Hospital das Nações, Curitiba, Paraná, portadores de atrofia do sinus maxilar. O objetivo foi avaliar comparativamente a precisão da tomografia computadorizada e da radiografia panorâmica, através da quantificação da neoformação óssea nesta estrutura. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionadas pacientes edentados, com altura óssea residual do rebordo gengival ao soalho do seio maxilar menor que 5mm. O enxerto medular de crista ilíaca fragmentada isolado ou misturado com HA foi colocado através da parede lateral no soalho atrófico da cuba maxilar por via submucosa. A avaliação quantitativa e qualitativa foi feita através da radiografia panorâmica e tomografia computadorizada, sendo utilizado na análise estatística a distribuição t de Student (prevalência de 0,05 para análise das variâncias, considerado que a leitura dos laudos radiológicos foi feita por dois especialistas, medindo a distância entre os pontos inferiores e superiores do enxerto no soalho do seio maxilar. RESULTADOS: Tivemos um ganho médio de 14,8mm em todos os procedimentos, com um erro maior que 3mm em 16 procedimentos (64% e incorporação satisfatória do enxerto ósseo suficiente para futuro implante dentário. CONCLUSÕES: A tomografia computadorizada foi o método de escolha na avaliação qualitativa e quantitativa da incorporação de enxerto autólogo não vascularizado em seio maxilar atrófico.BACKGROUND:There are different methods to evaluate bone grafts in the maxillary sinus. Panoramic radiography is the most common one, even though assessment could be difficult. Occasionaly computerized tomography (CTis another option but cost and radiation in excess should be considered. Our objective is to compare these two imaging methods. METHODS: Both panoramic radiogrphy and CT scan methods were used on 25 procedures in 14 patients on post-operative sinus lift with autogenous bone graft from the iliac crest. Two radiologists evaluated the quantity of the newly formed bone and the quality of the exam for each patient, through different imaging groups. RESULTS: The quantitative bone evaluation between the two types of exam showed a statistically significant difference (Student t-test=0,05 In some cases the difference was up to 14,8 mm between exams on the same patient, having an error of more than 3mm in 16 procedures (64%. CONCLUSIONS: It can be concluded that the quality of the image on the computerized tomography is superior and it is the most reliable method to determine the area of bone augmentation of the maxillary sinus after an antroplasty.

  8. Transcrestal sinus lift and implant placement using the sinus balloon technique

    OpenAIRE

    Pen?arrocha-diago, Mari?a; Gala?n-gil, So?nnica; Carrillo-garci?a, Celia; Pen?arrocha-diago, David; Pen?arrocha-diago, Miguel

    2011-01-01

    Objective: A description is made of transcrestal sinus lift using the sinus balloon technique, evaluating the bone height achieved and implant success one year after prosthetic loading. Material and method: Between January and July 2007, transcrestal sinus lift using the sinus balloon technique for dental implant placement was carried out in 6 patients. A panoramic X-ray study and maxillary computed tomography scan were carried out before the operation, in order to discard possible sinus p...

  9. Safe sinus lift: use of acrylic stone trimmer to avoid sinus lining perforation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haribabu, Prashanth Konatham; Raja, Krishna Kumar; Iyer, Shankar

    2014-06-01

    Iatrogenic injury to the maxillary sinus membrane is a common complication during direct sinus lift procedures. The most common cause is perforation of the Schneiderian membrane using a tungsten-carbide round bur no.6. We propose a safe technique in which an acrylic stone trimmer is used to create a window in the maxillary antrum thereby minimizing the risk of injury to the delicate sinus membrane. PMID:24914914

  10. Avaliação histológica de hidroxiapatita sintética associada a fosfato de cálcio (?-TCP) utilizados em levantamento de assoalho de seio maxilar / Histological evaluation of biphasic hydroxyapatite associated to beta tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP) used in maxillary sinus lift

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Luis Gustavo Jaime, Paiva; Aline Carvalho, Batista; Leandro Cardoso de, Carvalho; Robson Rodrigues, Garcia.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: Quando a altura do osso alveolar residual é insuficiente na região posterior da maxila, a elevação do assoalho do seio maxilar visando a viabilizar a instalação de implantes dentários é um procedimento indicado. O enxerto autógeno (EA) de regiões intra ou extraorais é considerado o padr [...] ão ouro para esse procedimento. Novas opções de substitutos ósseos vêm surgindo, como o Straumann(r) BoneCeramic (BC) - 60% constituído de hidroxiapatita e 40% de ? tricálcio fosfato, 100% sintético -, sendo o material utilizado no presente trabalho. Objetivo: Avaliar e comparar histologicamente o comportamento deste substituto ósseo com o enxerto ósseo autógeno. Material e método: Dez pacientes saudáveis e parcialmente desdentados na região posterior da maxila foram submetidos à elevação do assoalho do seio maxilar previamente à instalação de implantes dentários osseointegráveis, sendo, destes, cinco com EA e cinco com BC. Após seis meses do tempo de integração do enxerto ósseo, as amostras foram coletadas por uma trefina e coradas em hematoxilina e eosina para microscopia. Resultado: Todos os implantes osseointegráveis apresentaram boa estabilidade primária. A análise histológica demonstrou tecido ósseo neoformado viável em quatro das cinco amostras do BC, além de um íntimo contato do tecido ósseo mineralizado recém-formado com as partículas do BC. Em uma amostra do BC, não foi observada formação de osso viável. O tecido ósseo formado a partir do EA e do BC apresentou uma característica histológica similar. Conclusão: O BC se mostrou um material adequado para a elevação do assoalho do seio maxilar previamente à instalação de implantes dentários osseointegráveis. Abstract in english Introduction: Sinus lift to permit insertion of implants when alveolar residual bone height is insufficient may be considered an effective procedure. The use of autogenous bone from intraoral or extraoral sources is considered as the gold standard for this procedure. New options of bone substitutes [...] have been emphasizing, such as Straumann(r) BoneCeramic (BC), consisting of 60% of hydroxyapatite and 40% of calcium phosphate, 100% synthetic material that was used in this work. Objective: This investigation was designed to evaluate and compare the behavior of a fully synthetic biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) 60% hydroxyapatite and 40% of ?-tricalcium phosphate (Straumann(r) Bone-Ceramic) to the autogenous bone graft (ABG) in maxillary sinus floor elevation procedure prior to installation dental implants. Material and method: Ten healthy patients who were partially edentulous in the posterior maxilla were included in this study and submitted to a unilateral maxillary sinus floor elevation procedure, with grafting using either ABG (control group; 5 patients) or BCP (test group; 5 patients). After 6 months of healing implant sites were created and biopsies taken for histological analyses. Result: A primary stability was achieved with all dental implants after the biopsies. Histological investigation showed a viable new bone tissue formed in 4 of 5 BCP specimens. Also, showed close contact between new bone and BCP particles, in 4 of 5 specimens. In 1 of 5 BCP specimens no viable bone tissue was found. Both ABG and BCP produced similar amounts of newly formed bone, with similar histologic appearance. Conclusion: The results indicate that BCP is a suitable material for sinus augmentation for the placement of dental implants.

  11. Coronal CT scan of paranasal sinuses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The clinical features were correlated with the coronal CT scan appearance of the paranasal sinuses of 49 patients who had received the Caldwell-Luc operation 16 to 58 years ago. The clinical diagnosis at the time of the CT scan was postoperative maxillary cyst in 22 patients, chronic sinusitis in 21 patients, trigeminal neuralgia in 3 patients, radicular cyst, postoperative ethmoid cyst and inverted papilloma in one patient each. The CT scans of the 91 operated maxillary sinuses showed obliterated cavity in 21 cases, small cavity in 46 cases, and cystic formation in 24 cases. The authors speculated that some maxillary sinuses which appeared in CT scans as small cavities might cause the clinical symptoms of postoperative maxillary cyst in the future. (author)

  12. Fungal Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fungal Sinusitis Fungal Sinusitis Patient Health Information News media interested in covering the latest from AAO-HNS/F can ... sinusitis results. There Are Four Types Of Fungal Sinusitis: Mycetoma Fungal Sinusitis produces clumps of spores, a " ...

  13. Alternativas a la elevación de seno maxilar: rehabilitación del sector posterior del maxilar atrófico mediante implantes pterigoideos Alternatives to maxillary sinus lift: posterior area of the atrophic maxilla rehabilitation by means pterigoideal implants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    X. Rodríguez-Ciurana

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available El primer y segundo molar son los dientes que se pierden más a menudo debido a la enfermedad periodontal y al exceso de fuerzas oclusales. A pesar de la frecuencia del edentulismo parcial del sector posterior raramente se ubican los implantes más allá de los premolares debido al aumento del índice de fallos. El escaso volumen óseo y la pobre mineralización del sector posterior del maxilar comprometen la viabilidad de las rehabilitaciones con implantes a largo plazo. Además, la cresta ósea a nivel del seno maxilar, en el maxilar atrófico, no suele permitir el anclaje de implantes de 10 mm. Se han propuesto varias técnicas para rehabilitar el sector posterior del maxilar atrófico: implantes cortos, extensiones protésicas, injerto sinusal, implante cigomático. El implante pterigoideo es otro de los posibles tratamientos para rehabilitar el sector posterior del maxilar atrófico. Anclado en el hueso cortical de la apófisis del esfenoides el implante pterigoideo evita la necesidad de injertar o utilizar extensiones protésicas. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar las indicaciones, la técnica, complicaciones y supervivencia del implante pterigoideo en el sector posterior del maxilar atrófico.The first and second molar are the teeth most commonly lost in the maxilla, mainly due to periodontal disease and excessive occlusal force. 1 Although partial edentulism of the posterior maxilla is common, implants are seldom placed distal to the premolars because failure rates in the posterior maxilla have historically been high. Poor volume and low density of bone are the worst conditions for long-term anchorage in the maxilla. 7 Moreover, bone under the maxillary sinus, in the atrophic maxilla, is usually insufficient to enable placement of 10 mm implants. Several techniques have been proposed to restore the atrophic posterior maxilla: short implants, prosthetic cantilevers, sinus bone graft, zigomatic fixtures. Pterygoid implants are other possible treatment of the atrophic edentulous posterior maxilla. Anchored in the cortical bone of the pterygoid process, such implants avoid the need for bone grafting and/or prosthetic cantilevering. The aim of this article is to analyst indications, surgical procedure, complications and survival rates of pterygoid implants in the posterior atrophic maxilla.

  14. Intra-sinusal third molar: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederico Sampaio Neves

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Ectopic tooth eruption into an area other than the oral cavity is rare. Nasal septum, mandibular condyle, coronoid process and infratemporal fossa space have been reported as frequent locations for ectopic tooth eruption. Ectopic teeth located within the maxillary sinus may be asymptomatic, found only in routine examinations. Headache, sinusitis and nasal obstruction are some of the associated symptoms. The differential diagnosis includes foreign bodies (rhinolith, infections (syphilis and tuberculosis, benign lesions (hemangioma, osteoma, calcifi ed polyp and malign lesions (osteosarcoma. Upper third molars located within the maxillary sinus may be associated with the development of mucocele or dentigerous cyst. The aim of this paper was to describe the case of a 24-year old female patient with an ectopic right upper third molar in the maxillary sinus. A hyperdense area was observed with sinus obliteration, consistent with mucous material.

  15. VALIDACIÓN DE LA PANORÁMICA TOMOGRÁFICA COMO HERRAMIENTA DIAGNÓSTICA PARA PATOLOGÍA DEL SENO MAXILAR / VALIDATION OF PANORAMIC TOMOGRAPHY AS A TOOL TO DIAGNOSE MAXILLARY SINUS PATHOLOGIES

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José S., Domínguez Mejía; Germán, Aguilar Méndez; Lisandro, Guerra Restrepo; Natalia, Contreras Gómez; Ana M., Aristizábal.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available [...] Abstract in english INTRODUCCIÓN: la imaginología es importante en la valoración diagnóstica y una herramienta útil para la selección de procedimientos en pacientes de los que se sospecha patología maxilofacial. Entre las diferentes modalidades imaginológicas maxilofaciales se encuentran la radiografía panorámica y la [...] tomografía computarizada Cone beam, desarrollada como alternativa a la tomografía convencional, actualmente descrita como Gold standard para imaginología del área oral y maxilofacial. MÉTODOS:observación por dos evaluadores previamente calibrados de 100 tomografías Cone beam y 100 panorámicas tomográficas de pacientes seleccionados aleatoriamente; aplicación de análisis univariado, medidas de tendencia central, y definición de la sensibilidad, especificidad, valor predictivo positivo y negativo en tablas específicas de 2 x 2 aplicando el estudio prueba de una prueba. RESULTADOS: los resultados obtenidos muestran que la panorámica tomográfica tipo Cone beam como prueba diagnóstica frente a la tomografía computarizada Cone beam para evaluar imágenes compatibles con patología sinusal (pólipo, quiste y engrosamiento mucoso) tiene sensibilidad y especificidad variable dependiendo del tipo de patología sinusal, con nivel de confianza del 95% y con coeficiente de kappa con valor de 1 para las tomografías axiales computarizadas y de 0,94-1,0 para la panorámica tomográfica tipo Cone beam. CONCLUSIONES: la panorámica tomográfica Cone beam es lo suficientemente sensible y específica para ser utilizada como herramienta diagnóstica en patología de seno maxilar.

  16. Clinical consideration of fungal paranasal sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fungal paranasal sinusitis is included in the differential diagnosis of unilateral paranasal lesion. Recently the incidence of fungal paranasal sinusitis has been increasing. We reviewed 24 patients (9 males and 15 females) with fungal paranasal sinusitis treated at Muroran City Hospital between January 2001 and May 2006, and clinical presentation and CT findings with those of 56 patients (36 males and 20 females) with chronic unilateral sinusitis. Fungal sinusitis patients ranged in age from 45 to 87, and the average age was 65.9 years old. In contrast, the age of chronic sinusitis patients ranged from 24 to 83, and the average age was 54.4 years old. The chief complaint of both fungal sinusitis and chronic sinusitis included rhinorrhea, nasal obstruction and post nasal discharge. CT exam was performed in all patients. In 23 cases of paranasal fungal sinusitis and 54 cases of chronic sinusitis the findings involved the maxillary sinus. The most common observation (69.6%) was bone density within the affected sinus in fungal sinusitis. However, only 2 cases of chronic sinusitis (3.9%) showed calcification. All cases of fungal sinusitis were diagnosed by pathological examinations. Most cases were proved to be aspergillus, while only one case was mucor. We treated all cases surgically, 18 cases underwent Caldwell-Luc's procedure and 5 cases underwent endoscopic sinus surgery under local anesthesia. (author)

  17. Acoustic rhinometry: influence of paranasal sinuses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hilberg, O; Pedersen, O F

    1996-01-01

    The influence of the maxillary sinuses in acoustic rhinometry (AR) has not been evaluated, and this is the aim of the present study. We examined six subjects with AR and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after nasal decongestion to compare the area-distance relationships determined by the two methods. From the MRI data we obtained copies of the nasal cavities with and without maxillary sinuses, which were made in plastic by a stereolithographic method. AR curves from models without maxillary sinuses differed from AR curves with sinuses included but were in agreement with MRI curves without inclusion of sinuses. A similar difference in AR was seen in two subjects before and after the nasal cavities were flushed with saline to fill up the maxillary sinuses. The measured volume in the first 50 mm of the nasal cavity models was unaffected by the sinuses, but the volume in the first 70 mm corresponding to the length of the nasal cavity septum was increased slightly but significantly (from 10.8 to 11.3 cm3; P = 0.05). The presence of maxillary sinuses increased the volume of the epipharynx (70-100 mm from the nostril) from 12.2 to 21.3 cm3 (P <0.01), and this increase was not due to the influence from the contralateral nasal cavity. We conclude that the maxillary sinuses may significantly contribute to the acoustically determined areas in the posterior part of the nasal cavity and the epipharynx, especially during decongestion, and may explain a part of the difference between area-distance curves obtained by AR and MRI, whereas contribution from the contralateral nasal cavity does not.

  18. Sinus Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of the paranasal sinuses is performed to detect sinusitis (inflamamation of the sinuses), as well as to ... los senos paranasales para la detección de la sinusitis (inflamación de los senos), así como para detectar ...

  19. Pediatric Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pediatric Sinusitis Pediatric Sinusitis Patient Health Information News media interested in covering the latest from AAO-HNS/F can ... How Do I Know when My Child Has Sinusitis? The following symptoms may indicate a sinus infection ...

  20. Adult Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adult Sinusitis Berrylin J. Ferguson, MD Sarah K. Wise, MD INTRODUCTION “Sinusitis”, “rhinosinusitis” and “sinus infection” are terms that ... determine the best treatment for your condition. COMMON SINUSITIS SYMPTOMS Nasal obstruction or nasal congestion Thick & discolored ...

  1. Evolution of the paranasal sinuses' anatomy through the ages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mavrodi, Alexandra; Paraskevas, George

    2013-12-01

    Previously, anatomists considered paranasal sinuses as a mysterious region of the human skull. Historically, paranasal sinuses were first identified by ancient Egyptians and later, by Greek physicians. After a long period of no remarkable improvement in the understanding of anatomy during the Middle Ages, anatomists of the Renaissance period-Leonardo da Vinci and Vesalius-made their own contribution. Nathaniel Highmore's name is also associated with the anatomy of paranasal sinuses as he was first to describe the maxillary sinus. PMID:24386595

  2. Sinus Anatomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinus Anatomy Rakesh Chandra, MD Zara Patel, MD INTRODUCTION The paranasal sinuses (“the sinuses”) are air-filled cavities located ... structure. (You can see Patient Education topic Nasal Anatomy to read more about this). Most of the ...

  3. Elevación de seno maxilar y colocación simultánea de implantes utilizando plasma rico en factores de crecimiento (PRFC), hidroxiapatita y aloinjerto: Reporte de un caso de siete años / Maxillary sinus elevation and simultaneous implant placement using PRGF (plasma rich in growth factors), hydroxyapatite and allogenic graft: Seven year case report

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Nayibe, Hernández Tejeda; Ma. del Carmen, López Buendía.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available La elevación de piso de seno maxilar es un procedimiento quirúrgico predecible que se realiza con la finalidad de aumentar verticalmente la cantidad de hueso en la región posterior del maxilar para poder realizar una rehabilitación protésica implantosoportada. El propósito de este trabajo es describ [...] ir un caso clínico donde se realizó elevación de piso de seno maxilar utilizando plasma rico en factores de crecimiento, hidroxiapatita absorbible y aloinjerto óseo como materiales de injerto subantral y la colocación simultánea de dos implantes de superficie tratada (Osseotite, 3i) y reportar los resultados clínicos y radiográficos obtenidos siete días, seis meses y siete años después de la cirugía, observando una cicatrización adecuada tanto clínica como radiográficamente. El procedimiento quirúrgico utilizado en este caso clínico resultó una buena opción para poder colocar implantes en áreas maxilares posteriores atróficas. Abstract in english Maxillary sinus floor elevation is a predictable surgical procedure meant to vertically increase the amount of bone in the posterior region of the upper jaw to enable placement of a prosthetic rehabilitation device supported by implants. The aim of the present article was to describe elevation of th [...] e maxillary sinus floor using plasma rich in growth factors, absorbable hydroxyapatite and bone allograft as sub-antral graft materials with simultaneous placement of two surface treated implants (Osseotite, 3i). The present article also reported clinical and radiographic results obtained at seven days, six months and seven years after the surgery. From the clinical and radiographic standpoint suitable healing was observed. The surgical procedure used in the present clinical case was considered a suitable option to place implants in atrophic maxillary areas.

  4. Prevalence of incidental paranasal sinus opacification in dental paediatric patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of sinus opacification among dental paediatric patients. Two hundred and eight Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) scans of dental patients under the age of 18 were reviewed for sinus opacification. Patients with any sinus-related signs or symptoms were excluded. The overall prevalence of sinus opacification was 48.1%. The ethmoid (28.4%) and maxillary (27.8%) sinuses were most frequently affected. There were no statistically significant differences for both age and gender. The high prevalence of sinus opacification in asymptomatic children emphasizes the necessity of clinical correlation.

  5. Translational value of sheep as animal model to study sinus augmentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valbonetti, Luca; Berardinelli, Paolo; Scarano, Antonio; Piattelli, Adriano; Mattioli, Mauro; Barboni, Barbara; Vulpiani, Michele Podaliri; Muttini, Aurelio

    2015-05-01

    Sinus augmentation is a routine surgical procedure in dentistry. At present, various animal models are available for the research purpose on this topic. In particular, for the first time, we have performed a morphological study on sheep sinus, using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), to precisely define the anatomy of the ovine sinus. Then, we compared the sheep and human sinus morphological parameters, in order to uniform the research approach to the sinus augmentation procedures and to standardize this experimental model. Six fresh heads of adult female sheep were studied with CBCT and histologic examination to determine the dimensions and the organization of the ovine maxillary sinus. The comparison of the dimensional values between man and sheep shows evident differences between the two species; CBCT offers detailed information for studying normal maxillary sinus. Human and sheep maxillary sinus show anatomical differences that must be taken into account in experimental procedures. PMID:25974782

  6. Haemangioendothelioma of paranasal sinuses with intracranial extension

    OpenAIRE

    Gupta, S. C.; Tewarson, S. L.; Malhotra, M.

    2006-01-01

    Maxillary sinus is a rare site for the occurrence of haemangioendothelioma. The present case is being reported in a 45 year old Hindu Male. The main complaint ware bilateral nasal obstruction und a mass protruding from he right nostril along with episodes of headache, vomiting and nasal bleeding. The. C.T. scan showed evidence of erosion of bony walls of maxillary antrum with intracranial extension of the tumor. There was no evidence of regional lymph nodes or distance metastasis. Histology o...

  7. Giant osteoma of the ethmoidal sinus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marambaia, Otavio

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The osteomas are osseous lesions with slow and asymptomatic growth that most of the times is a finding in radiological exams requested for other reason. It's the most common benign neoplasm of the paranasal sinuses. The osteomas are located mainly in the frontal sinus (57% to 80%, followed by the ethmoidal sinuses (20%, maxillary sinuses and rarely in the sphenoid sinus. It has a discreet predominance in the male sex 1.5 and its incidence is higher in the 3rd and 4th decades of life. The treatment is surgical no matter the size. Objective: To describe a case of giant osteoma of the ethmoidal sinus including a brief literature review. Case Report: JDA, male, 33 years old, presented with a right constant nasal obstruction for 01 year. Upon exam, he presented with facial asymmetry with lateralization of the right ocular globe. The computed tomography of the paranasal sinuses showed a lesion with density of soft parts occupying partially the right nasal cavity, ethmoid sinus and right maxillary. The patient was submitted to surgery with full exeresis of the lesion. The anatomopathological exam confirmed osteoma. The patient evolved without evidences of the lesion recurrence. Final Comments: The osteomas in the ethmoidal sinus, irrespectively of the size and due to the risk of complications, must be operated.

  8. Absence of pulmonary aspiration of sinus contents in patients with asthma and sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The frequent association of asthma and paranasal sinusitis has been ascribed to a nasobronchial reflex, aspiration of sinus secretions, or enhanced beta-adrenergic blockade. We investigated possible pulmonary aspiration in a pilot study (eight patients) and follow-up study (13 patients) by means of a radionuclide technique. In the pilot study, the aim was to demonstrate aspiration as well as visibility of the radionuclide in the thorax during a period of 24 hours. The radionuclide was initially placed bronchoscopically in the bronchial tree in four patients and was still clearly visible in the same position after 24 hours in three patients. Aspiration from the nasopharynx was unequivocally demonstrated in two of four patients with depressed consciousness. The follow-up study population consisted of four patients with maxillary sinusitis only and nine patients with sinusitis and asthma. The radionuclide was placed in a maxillary sinus during therapeutic puncture. In the patients with only sinusitis as well as patients with asthma and sinusitis the radionuclide could be demonstrated in the maxillary sinus, nasopharynx, esophagus, and lower gastrointestinal tract during a 24-hour period. However, no pulmonary aspiration of radionuclide could be demonstrated in any patient. We conclude that seeding of the lower airways by mucopurulent secretions is unlikely to account for coexistent pulmonary disease. The association is probably related to generalized mucosal disease affeelated to generalized mucosal disease affecting both upper and lower airways

  9. Bone defect repair on the alveolar wall of the maxillary sinus using collagen membranes and temporal fascia: an experimental study in monkeys / Reparo em defeito ósseo da parede alveolar do seio maxilar utilizando membranas de colágeno e fáscia temporal: estudo experimental em macacos

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Adalberto Novaes, Silva; José Américo de, Oliveira; Maria Célia, Jamur; José Ari Gualberto, Junqueira; Vani Maria, Correa; Wilma Terezinha Anselmo, Lima.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Poucos experimentos têm sido conduzidos utilizando o princípio da regeneração óssea guiada nas perfurações ósseas do seio maxilar. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o processo de reparo ósseo em defeitos cirúrgicos experimentais realizados na parede alveolar do seio maxilar, comunicando-se com a cavidade sinusal ut [...] ilizando membranas de colágeno e fáscia temporal. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Neste estudo prospectivo, experimental, foram realizados defeitos ósseos em paredes alveolares dos seios maxilares comunicando-se com as cavidades sinusais de quatro macacos pregos (Cebus apella) com membranas de colágeno Gen-derm - Genius Baumer, Pro-tape - Proline e fáscia temporal autóloga e análises histológicas após 180 dias. RESULTADOS: No defeito experimental sem cobertura com métodos de barreira predominou proliferação óssea em dois animais e nos outros dois, tecido conjuntivo fibroso; no grupo em que foi utilizado fáscia temporal predominou tecido conjuntivo fibroso em três animais e proliferação óssea em um animal; nos grupos com membranas de colágeno Gen-derm Pro-tape houve completa proliferação óssea em três animais e predomínio de tecido conjuntivo fibroso em um animal. CONCLUSÕES: Os defeitos cirúrgicos experimentais podem ser reparados, tanto por tecido ósseo como por tecido conjuntivo fibroso, e o uso de membranas de colágeno trouxeram benefícios ao processo de reparo ósseo Abstract in english Few studies has been done using guided bone regeneration in maxillary sinus defects. AIM: To assess the bone repair process in surgical defects on the alveolar wall of the monkey maxillary sinus, which communicates with the sinus cavity, by using collagen membranes: Gen-derm - Genius Baumer, Pro-tap [...] e - Proline and autologous temporal fascia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective and experimental study, orosinusal communications were performed in four tufted capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) and histologic analysis was carried out 180 days after. RESULTS: In the defects without a cover (control), bone proliferation predominated in two animals and fibrous connective tissue predominated in the other two. In defects repaired with a temporal fascia flap, fibrous connective tissue predominated in three animals and bone proliferation predominated in one. In the defects repaired with Gen-derm or Pro-tape collagen membranes there was complete bone proliferation in three animals and fibrous connective tissue in one. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical defect can be repaired with both bone tissue and fibrous connective tissue in all study groups; collagen membranes was more beneficial in the bone repair process than temporal fascia or absence of a barrier

  10. Laser therapy in sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The sinusitis is an inflammation of one or more breasts peri-nasals. It is common in the months of winter and it can last months or years if it is not treat. At the moment we have several means that try to offer our patients a better treatment. One of these instruments is the low power laser that for their properties to the interaction with the biological tissues offers therapeutic effects on the alive tissues, achieving at the level cellular important changes for a quick answer of the damaged tissue. We intended to demonstrate the effectiveness of the treatment with low power laser in patient with sinusitis. It was carried out an explanatory and retrospective study, where it was applied as treatment the low power laser, for that which a team of model Cuban production Fisser 21. The feminine sex, the affected age group prevailed it was among 36 to 50 years for both groups, the maxillary sinusitis prevailed regarding the frontal. The migraine, the nasal obstruction and the sensation of congestion of the head were present in most of the cases. 75% of the patients' treaties noticed improvement of the symptoms between the 1st and 3rd sessions. At the end 80% cured without necessity of a second treatment cycle. The accompanying symptoms almost disappeared in their entirety. We recommend using the treatment of low power laser, as therapy of first line for the treatment of sinusitis of infectious cause. (Author)

  11. Meta-analytic study of implant survival following sinus augmentation

    OpenAIRE

    Cabezas-mojo?n, Jessica; Barona-dorado, Cristina; Go?mez-moreno, Gerardo; Ferna?ndez-ca?liz, Fernando; Marti?nez-gonza?lez, Jose?-mari?a

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: To evaluate graft types used for maxillary sinus augmentation and review success rates of dental implants inserted in these areas, analyzing the graft materials used, implant surface types and the moment of implant placement. Study Design: A meta-analytic study reviewing articles on sinus augmentation published during the last ten years. Results: 3,975 implants placed in sinus augmentations (with bony windows) were registered, of which 3,749 implants survived, a surviv...

  12. Computerized Tomographic Study on the Paranasal Sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the computed tomographic (CT) images of the paranasal sinusitis(PNS). The author examined the extent and the recurring patterns of the paranasal sinusitis and some important anatomic landmarks. The author analyzed PNS images retrospectively in 500 patients who visited Chonbuk National University Hospital between January 1996 and December 1997. The most frequently affected sinus was maxillary sinus (82.9%), followed by anterior ethmoid sinus (67.9%), posterior ethmoid sinus (48.9%), frontal sinus (42.0%) and sphenoid sinus (41.4%). The characteristic features of CT images of the sinusitis were sinus opacification (22.4%), mucoperiosteal thickening (34.3%), and polyposis (2.0%). Sinonasal inflammatory diseases were categorized into 5 patterns according to Babbel's classification. They were 1) infundibular (13.0%), 2) ostiomeatal unit (67.4%), 3)sphenoethmoidal recess (13.0%), 4) sinonasal polyposis (9.6%) and 5) unclassifiable patterns (18.0%). The incidences of contact between sinus and optic nerve were as follows ; the incidences of contact with posterior ethmoid sinus, sphenoid sinus, both posterior sinuses were 11.4%, 66.8%, 6.3%, respectively. The incidences of contact between sphenoid sinus and maxillary nerve, vidian nerve, internal carotid artery were 74.5%, 79.2%, 45.1% respectively. The incidences of pneumatization of the posterior ethmoid sinus were as follows; normal 70.6% and overriding type 29.4%. The incidences ofd overriding type 29.4%. The incidences of sphenoid sinus pneumatization were as follows; normal 56.9% , rudimentary 12.5%, pterygoid recess 22.7%, anterior clinoid recess 2.7%, and both pterygoid and anterior clinoid recess 5.2%. The inflammatory sinonasal diseases were classified into five patterns using the CT of PNS, which was proven to be an excellent imaging modality providing detailed information about mucosal abnormality, pathologic patterns and the proximity of the important structures to the posterior paranasal sinuses. This result will aid in the interpretation of CT of PNS functionally and systemically.

  13. Osmotic self-expanding dilation technology for treatment of sinusitis: the Vent-Os sinus dilation system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catalano, Peter; Hester, Jerome; Mandrusov, Evgenia

    2015-01-01

    The Vent-Os Sinus Dilation System is an osmotically driven device that provides a means to access the sinus space and to dilate the maxillary sinus ostia and associated spaces in adults for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Unlike balloon dilation devices that use rapid, high-pressure inflation, this self-expanding device is designed to gently and gradually open the maxillary ostia. The procedure can be safely and easily completed in-office with minimal anesthetics and analgesics on board. Clinical results support excellent patency and safety outcomes with the use of this product in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. PMID:25467029

  14. Giant-cell granuloma of the sinuses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Three cases are presented which illustrate giant-cell granulomas in the maxillary, ethmoid, and sphenoid sinuses. The radiographic features are nonspecific, and the lesion can mimic carcinoma. Ossification can be demonstrated, especially with computed tomography, and may indicate a benign lesion

  15. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery--I (Anatomy, diagnosis, evaluation and technique).

    OpenAIRE

    Nayak S; Kirtane M; Ingle M

    1991-01-01

    It has been proved beyond doubt that the causation and perpetuation of disease in the dependent sinuses (maxillary and frontal sinuses) is secondary to disease of the ostiomeatal complex, the primary focus of which is the anterior ethmoid. Based on this concept, functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) aims at correcting the underlying pathology in the ethmoids and helps to re-establish normal ventilation and mucociliary clearance of the dependent sinuses.

  16. HYPOPLASIA OF ALL PARANASAL SINUSES A CASE SERIES AND LITERATURE REVIEW

    OpenAIRE

    Balasubramanian Thiagarajan; Seethalakshmi Narasiman

    2012-01-01

    Hypoplasia of maxillary sinus is a rather rare condition. Review of literature reveal that so far only 6 cases have been reported. Hypoplasia of frontal and sphenoid sinuses has beendocumented rather frequently. In this article the authors report two rare cases of hypoplasia involving all paranasal sinuses which has not been reported so far in literature. This is actuallyan incidental finding when routine CT scan of sinuses was performed. This patient was clinically asymptomatic. Awareness of...

  17. Paranasal Sinus Involvement in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo-Hung Chang

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL is a hemopoietic malignancy of the bone marrowthat rarely invades the sinonasal area. If infiltration of paranasal sinuses occurs, it may leadto rhinosinusitis and orbital complications that need aggressive treatment. In this report, a26-year-old male patient who had a history of ALL and had one relapse, suffered from rapidprogression of right periorbital pain and exophthalmos, which usually presented in patientswith orbital complications of sinusitis. A sinus computed tomography showed right maxillaryand ethmoid sinus opacification with orbital bone destruction. Urgent endoscopic sinussurgery (ESS was performed for orbital decompression and histopathologic diagnosis.Pathology revealed lymphoblast infiltration and inflammation of respiratory mucosa.Subsequent bone marrow aspiration cytology confirmed the diagnosis of a second relapse ofALL. Obstructive causes of sinusitis should be evaluated in patients with ALL. ESS hasproven to be effective in obtaining tissue for histopathologic diagnosis, and in treatingpatients with sinusitis with orbital complications.

  18. Sinus x-ray

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... an infection and inflammation of the sinuses called sinusitis . A sinus x-ray is ordered when you have any of the following: Symptoms of sinusitis Other sinus disorders, such as a deviated septum ( ...

  19. Bilateral postoperative maxillary cysts after orthognathic surgery: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Jung Hye; Huh, Kyung Hoe; Yi, Won Jin; Heo, Min Suk; Lee, Sam Sun; Choi, Soon Chul [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-12-15

    Postoperative maxillary cysts are locally aggressive lesions, usually developing as delayed complications many years after radical antral surgery. This report describes a case of bilateral postoperative maxillary cysts following orthognathic surgery performed approximately 21 years previously. The patient complained of stinging pain on her right cheek. Radiographic examination revealed low-attenuation lesions on both maxillary sinuses with discontinuously corticated margins without distinct expansion or bone destruction. The cysts were enucleated with the removal of metal plates and screws for pain relief. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of postoperative maxillary cysts lined by ciliated, pseudostratified columnar cells. The patient has remained asymptomatic thus far, and there was no evidence of local recurrence at 21 months of postoperative follow-up.

  20. Bilateral postoperative maxillary cysts after orthognathic surgery: A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Postoperative maxillary cysts are locally aggressive lesions, usually developing as delayed complications many years after radical antral surgery. This report describes a case of bilateral postoperative maxillary cysts following orthognathic surgery performed approximately 21 years previously. The patient complained of stinging pain on her right cheek. Radiographic examination revealed low-attenuation lesions on both maxillary sinuses with discontinuously corticated margins without distinct expansion or bone destruction. The cysts were enucleated with the removal of metal plates and screws for pain relief. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of postoperative maxillary cysts lined by ciliated, pseudostratified columnar cells. The patient has remained asymptomatic thus far, and there was no evidence of local recurrence at 21 months of postoperative follow-up.

  1. Dual antrostomy optical window for visualising sinus cavity during implant restoration

    OpenAIRE

    Matsumoto, Yu; Okuno, Taeko; Hasegawa, Yoshimichi; Kuwauchi, Mayako

    2012-01-01

    The authors report a case of maxillary sinusitis that developed after placement of four dental implants. Although one implant failed due to infection, the remaining dental implants were functional. A polyp had been identified on CT scan before implantation. Discussion of the possible odontogenic aetiology of the maxillary sinusitis led to consideration of explantation. Both middle and inferior meatal antrostomy were performed for utilisation as optical windows during postoperative care, allow...

  2. Sinusitis (acute)

    OpenAIRE

    Ah-See, Kim

    2008-01-01

    Acute sinusitis is defined pathologically, by transient inflammation of the mucosal lining of the paranasal sinuses lasting less than 4 weeks. Clinically, it is characterised by nasal congestion, rhinorrhoea, facial pain, hyposmia, sneezing, and, if more severe, additional malaise and fever.It affects 1?5% of the adult population each year in Europe.

  3. Clinical and radiological study of the postoperative maxillary cyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Post operative maxillary cyst may arise after the surgical treatment for maxillary sinusitis with the symptoms of swelling, pain, and pus discharge in the buccal region. It is examined by Waters' view, panoramic view and other intraoral radiographs, but quite variable radiologically. Most of the cyst is seen round or ovoid shape radiolucency, destruction, expansion and thinning of oral and maxillofacial radiology, Seoul National University Hospital. We analyzed and obtained following results. 1. These cysts occurred more frequently in male than in female and the incidence is highest in the 4th and 5th decade.2. Initial radical operation of maxillary sinus were performed mainly between the age of 10 and 45 years, and about 60% of the patients were 15 to 25 years.3. Pain and swelling on buccal area, pus discharge, and toothache are most chief complaints seven cases were found at routine examination without symptoms. 4. Most of these cysts were unilocular with smooth and well-defined border. 5. The majority of the cysts occurred in the anterolateral wall of maxillary sinus. 6. Dental changes of the lesional area were loss of lamina dura and root resorption, but about 55% were not changed.

  4. A radiologic study of post-operative maxillary cyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Post-operative maxillary cyst may arise after the surgical intervention for maxillary sinusitis with the symptoms of swelling, pain and pus discharge in the buccal region. The author analyzed 66 cases clinically and magnification was which were diagnosed as post-operative maxillary cyst in SNUH during 5 years(1977.8-1982.7). The obtained results were as follows; 1. This cyst occurred more frequently in male than in female and the incidence is the highest in the 4th decade. 2. The right side was more frequently affected than the left side. 3. Initial radical operations of the maxillary sinuses were performed mainly between the age of 15 and 24 years. 4. The duration between the initial operation and the onset of cyst was mainly from 10 to 24 years. 5. Pain, swelling and pus discharge in the buccal region were most frequent chief complaints. 6. In panoramic radiographs, most of the post-operative maxillary cysts were monolocular type, showing distinct border, with smooth margin and without any definite sclerotic border. 7. In Water's view, 43 cases showed radiographic changes due to cyst.

  5. CT and MRI diagnosis of chronic invasive fungal sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study the CT and MRI features of chronic invasive fungal sinusitis and to assess their diagnostic value. Methods: CT and MRI findings of ten cases of chronic invasive fungal sinusitis verified by histopathology and surgery were analyzed retrospectively. Results: Out of 10 patients, the lesion of chronic invasive fungal sinusitis occured from sphenoid sinus in 5, from maxillary sinus in 3, and from ethmoidal sinus in 21 On CT scans, the affected sinuses were filled with soft tissues. Punctate calcification was seen in only one case. The bony sinus walls showed destruction with bony sclerosis and thickening in all 10 cases. On MR imaging, the lesions showed hypointense signal in 2 cases and isointense signal in 7 cases with respect to that of the brain on T1WI. On T2WI, 7 cases showed chiefly hypointense singal and chiefly hyperintense singal in 2 cases. Marked postcontrast enhancement was evident. The lesion extended into the orbit in 9 cases. The lesions invaded cavernous sinus in 6 cases. Meningeal thickening and enhancement were found in 5 cases. The lesion invaded pterygopalatine fossa and infratemporal fossa in 4 cases. The soft tissue in nasopharyngeal region was thickened in 3 cases. The maxillary nerve and mandibular nerve revealed marked thickening and enhancement in 2 cases and 1 case respectively. Swelling of the anterior periantral soft tissue was found in 3 cases and massive bony erosion of hard palate in 1 case. Conclus erosion of hard palate in 1 case. Conclusion: Destruction of bony sinus wall with sclerosis, hypointense signal on MR T2WI and invasion of orbitalapex and cavernous sinus are typical imaging signs of chronic invasive fungal sinusitis. Both CT and MRI can provide accurate information for diagnosis, differential diagnosis and therapy of chronic invasive fungal sinusitis. (authors)

  6. CT images of unilateral sinus lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Computed tomographic images of 49 cases of unilateral sinus lesions were examined, and 4 findings were obtained as follows; 1) On the C.T. images of malignant tumors, detection of bone destruction was easy, but its early erosion was difficult. 2) Fungus infections and papilloma of paranasal sinuses demonstrated bone thickness as well as destruction, and this finding would serve as a differential point from malignant diseases. 3) From the C.T. values of soft tissue shadows in the maxillary sinus, it was impossible to differentiate malignant from benign lesions. However, a calcified or non-homogenous soft tissue shadow was seen only in cases of fungus infections and maxillary adenocarcinoma in malignant tumors, and it would be clinically a very important differential point. 4) Many of the unilateral sinus lesions will prove to be indications for surgery, except acute and allergic sinusitis. The paranasal C.T. examinations should be performed if the case does not respond to a conservative therapy over a month, and a case showing bone destruction by the C.T. images would require an exploratory Caldwell-Luc operation. (author)

  7. Sinus Tumors

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... nodes or to other body sites additionally impacts treatment. Surgery for nasal and sinus neoplasms If surgery is contemplated, there are several different techniques currently available. Surgery is classified as “open surgery” or “endoscopic surgery”. "Open surgery" is done ...

  8. The effect of endoscopic sinus surgery on mucociliary clearance in patients with chronic sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elwany, S; Hisham, M; Gamaee, R

    1998-01-01

    The saccharin test was used to measure mucociliary clearance in 50 patients with symptoms of chronic sinusitis. Samples of the nasal mucosa were also examined under transmission electron microscopy before and after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Before surgery, the mean saccharin clearance (ST) was 37.0 +/- 15.7 min, with nasal mucosa exhibiting ciliary loss as well as other ultrastructural changes. Three months after surgery, the mean ST had improved to 20.3 +/- 7.5 min and significant regeneration of cilia was observed. It was therefore concluded that FESS had successfully corrected mucociliary dysfunction in these patients. PMID:9879477

  9. Maxillary protraction after surgically assisted maxillary expansion

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Laurindo Zanco, Furquim; Guilherme, Janson; Bruno D' Aurea, Furquim; Liogi, Iwaki Filho; José Fernando Castanha, Henriques; Geovane Miranda, Ferreira.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This case report describes the orthodontic treatment of a 32-year-old woman with a Class III malocclusion, whose chief compliant was her dentofacial esthetics. The pretreatment lateral cephalometric tracings showed the presence of a Class III dentoskeletal malocclusion with components of maxillary d [...] eficiency. After discussion with the patient, the treatment option included surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) followed by orthopedic protraction (Sky Hook) and Class III elastics. Patient compliance was excellent and satisfactory dentofacial esthetics was achieved after treatment completion.

  10. Maxillary protraction after surgically assisted maxillary expansion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurindo Zanco Furquim

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This case report describes the orthodontic treatment of a 32-year-old woman with a Class III malocclusion, whose chief compliant was her dentofacial esthetics. The pretreatment lateral cephalometric tracings showed the presence of a Class III dentoskeletal malocclusion with components of maxillary deficiency. After discussion with the patient, the treatment option included surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME followed by orthopedic protraction (Sky Hook and Class III elastics. Patient compliance was excellent and satisfactory dentofacial esthetics was achieved after treatment completion.

  11. CT and MRI diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma in paranasal sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the CT and MRI findings of cavernous hemangioma in paranasal sinus so as to promote the diagnostic accuracy. Methods: All 30 eases of cavernous hemangioma in paranasal sinus were verified with pathological examinations. The CT and MRI findings were analyzed retrospectively. Results: The lesions occurred in the maxillary sinus in 25 cases, in the anterior ethmoid sinus in 3 cases and in the sphenoid sinus in 2 cases. The lesions extended and compressed adjacent structures. MRI showed the extent and the associated changes of the lesions more clearly compared to CT. On CT, all the involved paranasal sinuses invariably expanded. The bony walls of paranasal sinuses were compressed and remodeled with focal defect in 28 cases, mostly in the medial wall of the maxillary sinus (21 cases). Bony scelerosis of the residual walls of paranasal sinus were found in 8 cases. The lesions demonstrated well-defined margin and heterogeneous density with phlebolith in 10 cases. Postcontrast CT showed marked inhomogeneous enhancement in 16 cases. On MR T1WI, canernous hemangioma showed hypointense signal compared to brain in 4 cases and isointense signal in 14 cases. On T2WI, the lesions revealed heterogeneous hyperintense singal in 16 cases and isointense signal in 2 cases with multiple hypointense foci. Postcontrast MR imaging demonstrated marked inhomogeneous enhancement in these cases, honeycomb-like appearance in 8 cases and variegated apke appearance in 8 cases and variegated appearance in 10 cases. The feature of progressive enhancement was found on dynamic contrast enhancement of MRI in 8 cases. Conclusions: The characteristic bony change together with phlebolith can suggest the diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma in paranasal sinus on CT. The heterogeneous hyperintense singal on MR T2WI, progressive enhancement and honeycomb-like or variegated appearance on postcontrast MRI were also the characteristic findings of cavernous hemangioma in paranasal sinus. Combination of CT and MRI findings can provide more accurate information for the diagnosis and therapy of cavernous hemangioma in paranasal sinus. (authors)

  12. Fungal Involvement in Patients with Paranasal Sinusitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P Kordbacheh

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Fungal involvement of the paranasal sinuses is frequently observed in the immunocompromised host and it can become lifethreatening if it is not diagnosed. Definitive diagnosis is made by tissue biopsy and culture. In this study biopsy materials of maxillary, ethmoidal and frontal sinuses of 60 patients with clinical manifestation of sinusitis and no response to medical therapy were assessed by mycological and pathological methods for the presence of fungi. Invasive fungal sinusitis was diagnosed in 3 patients and etiologic agents were Candida albicans, Rhizopus sp. and Aspergillus fumigatus. Predisposing factors in these patients were leukemia, diabetes mellitus and previous sinus and polyp surgery, respectively. Allergic fungal sinusitis also was seen in one patient and Alternaria sp. isolated from the biopsy material. Only the patient with allergic form of disease survived but all the patients with invasive form of fungal infection were expired. This clearly underscores the need of early recognition of fungal sinusitis in at risk population in order to start urgent treatment. In this study Nocardia asteroids also was isolated from the biopsy sample in a patient with sinunasal adenocarcinoma.

  13. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... with fluid or thickened sinus membranes . help diagnose sinusitis . top of page How should I prepare? You ... obstructed. It is the best imaging modality for sinusitis. CT of the sinuses is now widely available ...

  14. Endodontic Treatment of a Maxillary Second Molar with Developmental Anomaly: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Asgary, Saeed

    2007-01-01

    Fusion is a rare occurrence in molar teeth. The purpose of this rare case presentation is to describe the nonsurgical endodontic treatment of maxillary molar. A 28-year-old patient was referred for endodontic treatment of her chronic apical abscess of right maxillary second molar. In the clinical examination, a sinus tract adjacent to involved tooth and a small crown of supernumerary tooth fused to the buccal surface of the molar at gingival margin was observed. Endodontic treatment was decid...

  15. Assessment of the relationship between drowning and fluid accumulation in the paranasal sinuses on post-mortem computed tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent reports have detailed common computed tomography (CT) findings in drowning victims, most notably fluid accumulation in the maxillary and sphenoidal sinuses. This CT finding could help forensic doctors to diagnose drowning. This study retrospectively investigated 151 subjects: 39 drowning and 112 non-drowning cases. Pearson's chi-square tests demonstrated that fluid accumulation in the maxillary or sphenoidal sinuses was associated significantly with drowning (p = 0.0001). The sensitivity of the drowning diagnosis was 97%, specificity was 35%, accuracy was 51%, positive predictive value was 34% and negative predictive value was 98%. Drowning was significantly associated with fluid accumulation in the maxillary and sphenoidal sinuses, but the specificity and positive predictive value of the drowning diagnosis were poor. Although the presence of fluid in the maxillary and sphenoidal sinuses cannot be used to diagnose drowning, the absence of the fluid can be used to virtually exclude drowning.

  16. Isolated fungal sinusitis of the sphenoid sinus

    OpenAIRE

    ?R?Z, Ay?e

    2009-01-01

    Isolated fungal sphenoid sinusitis is a rare entity. Fungal sinusitis is mostly seen in immunocompromised patients and is characterized by invasive progression. We describe a immunologically competent patient with isolated aspergillosis in her sphenoid sinus.

  17. Clinical and radiological evaluation of sinus-lifting results with digital volume tomography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.M. Panin

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Modern techniques of radiological examination form the basis for additional diagnostic and planning methods of surgical treatment in oral surgery and implantology. Assessment of maxillary sinus condition and sinuslifting results is a part of preoperative examination before dental implantation. The estimated results of digital volume tomography after sinuslifting have shown that 51,1% of patients have lack of volume of implant on the medial wall of the sinus. That does not allow placing dental implant in correct position. The digital volume tomography is highly informative and convenient radiological examination method in diagnosis of maxillary sinus condition, assessment of sinuslifting results and application of further dental implantation

  18. Two cases of mucocele of the paranasal sinuses with uncommon radiographic findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two cases of mucocele of the paranasal sinuses are reported. The first case is a mucocele of the right ethmoidal sinus with bone destruction in a 60-year-old woman, whose radiographic findings were simulating those of maxillary cancer. The second case is a mucocele of the sphenoid sinus in a 78-year-old woman. In the radiographic findings, it appeared that the lesion had extended into the intracranial space. Both cases were treated successfully by intranasal ethmoidectomy. (author)

  19. Two cases of mucocele of the paranasal sinuses with uncommon radiographic findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miyoshi, A.; Takasaka, T. (Tohoku Univ., Sendai (Japan). School of Medicine); Ueno, Y.

    1982-04-01

    Two cases of mucocele of the paranasal sinuses are reported. The first case is a mucocele of the right ethmoidal sinus with bone destruction in a 60-year-old woman, whose radiographic findings were simulating those of maxillary cancer. The second case is a mucocele of the sphenoid sinus in a 78-year-old woman. In the radiographic findings, it appeared that the lesion had extended into the intracranial space. Both cases were treated successfully by intranasal ethmoidectomy.

  20. Comparación entre distintos sustitutos óseos utilizados para procedimientos de elevación de seno maxilar previo a la colocación de implantes dentales / Comparison between different bone substitutes for maxillary sinus floor augmentation prior to placement of dental implants

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    M., Muñoz Corcuera; A, Trullenque Eriksson.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: En la actualidad, es frecuente la rehabilitación de la zona posterior del maxilar utilizando implantes asociados a técnicas de aumento óseo, entre ellas la elevación de seno maxilar. Aunque el hueso autógeno es considerado el "gold standard" de los materiales de injerto óseo, se acompa [...] ña de morbilidad y su disponibilidad es limitada. Por ello, el objetivo de esta revisión es valorar los distintos sustitutos óseos para la elevación de seno previa a la colocación de implantes así como cuál es más efectivo. Material y métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica electrónica en la base de datos Cochrane y en Pubmed. Se escogieron trabajos que trataran materiales de injerto para procedimientos de elevación de seno. Resultados: Se seleccionaron trece artículos para la realización de la revisión. Para su comparación, se establecieron dos grupos, aquellos trabajos que se basaban en estudios histológicos y la valoración de la mineralización, y aquellos que evaluaban parámetros clínicos y la tasa de supervivencia de los implantes. Discusión: Teniendo en cuenta los hallazgos dispares de los distintos trabajos, no se puede considerar un material de elección sobre los demás. Sería deseable la realización de estudios a largo plazo con muestras amplias comparando distintos materiales de injerto, que evaluaran los resultados histológicos y clínicos. Conclusiones: El hueso autógeno aún es considerado el "gold standard" de los materiales de injerto para la elevación de seno maxilar, a pesar que se asocia a una elevada tasa de complicaciones. Aunque son necesarios más estudios, se han obtenidos resultados prometedores con la hidroxiapatita bovina y el ß-fosfato tricálcico. Abstract in english Introduction: Presently, prosthetic rehabilitation combining dental implants with bone augmentation techniques is frequently used; included amongst these is sinus floor augmentation. Despite autogenous bone being considered the gold standard of bone grafting materials, it is associated with morbidit [...] y and limited availability. The aim of this revision was to evaluate the bone substitutes for sinus floor augmentation prior to the placement of dental implants. Materials and Methods: An electronic literature search was conducted in the Cochrane database and Pubmed. Studies analysing graft materials for sinus floor augmentation were chosen. Results: 13 articles were selected for the revision, from which 2 groups were established for comparison; those studies based in histological and mineralisation analyses and those evaluating clinical parameters and the survival rate of the implants. Discussion: Due to the different findings of the studies, there is no material that can be considered preferable over any other. It would be desirable that future studies had longer follow-ups, larger samples, compared different graft materials and evaluated histological and clinical results simultaneously. Conclusions: Autogenous bone is still considered the gold standard of graft materials; however, it is associated with a high complication rate. Although more studies are needed, bovine hydroxiapatite and ß-tricalcium phosphate have achieved promising results.

  1. Comparación entre distintos sustitutos óseos utilizados para procedimientos de elevación de seno maxilar previo a la colocación de implantes dentales Comparison between different bone substitutes for maxillary sinus floor augmentation prior to placement of dental implants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Muñoz Corcuera

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: En la actualidad, es frecuente la rehabilitación de la zona posterior del maxilar utilizando implantes asociados a técnicas de aumento óseo, entre ellas la elevación de seno maxilar. Aunque el hueso autógeno es considerado el "gold standard" de los materiales de injerto óseo, se acompaña de morbilidad y su disponibilidad es limitada. Por ello, el objetivo de esta revisión es valorar los distintos sustitutos óseos para la elevación de seno previa a la colocación de implantes así como cuál es más efectivo. Material y métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica electrónica en la base de datos Cochrane y en Pubmed. Se escogieron trabajos que trataran materiales de injerto para procedimientos de elevación de seno. Resultados: Se seleccionaron trece artículos para la realización de la revisión. Para su comparación, se establecieron dos grupos, aquellos trabajos que se basaban en estudios histológicos y la valoración de la mineralización, y aquellos que evaluaban parámetros clínicos y la tasa de supervivencia de los implantes. Discusión: Teniendo en cuenta los hallazgos dispares de los distintos trabajos, no se puede considerar un material de elección sobre los demás. Sería deseable la realización de estudios a largo plazo con muestras amplias comparando distintos materiales de injerto, que evaluaran los resultados histológicos y clínicos. Conclusiones: El hueso autógeno aún es considerado el "gold standard" de los materiales de injerto para la elevación de seno maxilar, a pesar que se asocia a una elevada tasa de complicaciones. Aunque son necesarios más estudios, se han obtenidos resultados prometedores con la hidroxiapatita bovina y el ß-fosfato tricálcico.Introduction: Presently, prosthetic rehabilitation combining dental implants with bone augmentation techniques is frequently used; included amongst these is sinus floor augmentation. Despite autogenous bone being considered the gold standard of bone grafting materials, it is associated with morbidity and limited availability. The aim of this revision was to evaluate the bone substitutes for sinus floor augmentation prior to the placement of dental implants. Materials and Methods: An electronic literature search was conducted in the Cochrane database and Pubmed. Studies analysing graft materials for sinus floor augmentation were chosen. Results: 13 articles were selected for the revision, from which 2 groups were established for comparison; those studies based in histological and mineralisation analyses and those evaluating clinical parameters and the survival rate of the implants. Discussion: Due to the different findings of the studies, there is no material that can be considered preferable over any other. It would be desirable that future studies had longer follow-ups, larger samples, compared different graft materials and evaluated histological and clinical results simultaneously. Conclusions: Autogenous bone is still considered the gold standard of graft materials; however, it is associated with a high complication rate. Although more studies are needed, bovine hydroxiapatite and ß-tricalcium phosphate have achieved promising results.

  2. Maxillary necrosis by mucormycosis: A case report and literature review

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ajit, Auluck.

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available The maxilla rarely undergoes necrosis due to its rich vascularity. Maxillary necrosis can occur due to bacterial infections such as osteomyelitis, viral infections such as herpes zoster or fungal infections such as mucormycosis, aspergillosis etc. Mucormycosis is an opportunistic fulminant fungal in [...] fection, which mainly infects immunocompromised patients. The infection begins in the nose and paranasal sinuses due to inhalation of fungal spores. The infection can spread to orbital and intracranial structures either by direct invasion or through the blood vessels. The fungus invades the arteries leading to thrombosis that subsequently causes necrosis of hard and soft tissues. We report a case of maxillary necrosis by mucormycosis in an uncontrolled diabetic patient to emphasize early diagnosis of this potentially fatal fungal infection. We briefly discuss different diseases which can lead to maxillary necrosis and review the current concepts in management of mucormycosis. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment can reduce the mortality and morbidity of this lethal fungal infection.

  3. Prevalence of incidental paranasal sinus opacification in an adult dental population

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of sinus opacification among adult dental patients. Five hundred and sixty-four Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) scans of dental patients over the age of 18 were reviewed for sinus opacification. Opacification was graded as clear, mild, moderate or severe. Patients with any sinus-related signs or symptoms were excluded. Sinus opacification in one or more sinuses was found in 59.2% of the patients. The sinus opacification was mild in 49.8%, moderate in 8.3%, and severe in 1.1%. The maxillary (37.7%) and ethmoid (37.4%) sinuses were most frequently affected. The prevalence was higher in the older age group and showed a male predomination (p<0.05). Sinus opacification in asymptomatic adults is very common and emphasizes the importance of clinical correlation before deciding on the final diagnosis and treatment.

  4. Sinusitis in Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Bülent Cengiz

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Sinusitis is a common disease among children. Acute bacterial sinusitis usually develops after viral upper respiratory tract infection. Acute bacterial sinusitis diagnosis in children is generally based on clinical criteria (the situation whereby the findings and symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection are more severe or last longer than expected in a viral upper respiratory tract infection. Because the treatment of acute bacterial sinusitis requires the use of antibiotics, correct diagnosis is crucial. This article reviews sinusitis pathogenesis, classification of sinusitis, the pathogens that cause sinusitis among children –primarily including acute bacterial sinusitis-, clinical findings of sinusitis and current knowledge about the diagnosis and treatment of sinusitis.

  5. A modified maxillary mouthguard.

    OpenAIRE

    Chandler, N P; Wilson, N.H.; Daber, B S

    1987-01-01

    Custom made maxillary mouthguards made from thermoplastic materials using dental impressions give valuable protection to the teeth and jaws of participants in contact sports. A bimaxillary mouthguard has been described which offers enhanced protection, but with considerable increase in cost. This paper describes a modification to current maxillary mouthguard design that is comfortable to wear, inexpensive to make and which may provide protection comparable to that of a bimaxillary type, while...

  6. Perforation of the sinus membrane during sinus floor elevation : a retrospective study of frequency and possible risk factors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    von Arx, Thomas; Fodich, Ivo

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: To analyze the frequency of perforation of the sinus membrane during maxillary sinus floor elevation (SFE) and to assess possible risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-seven cases of SFE performed with a lateral window approach were evaluated retrospectively. Clinical and radiographic variables potentially influencing the risk of sinus membrane perforation were evaluated and divided into patient-related factors (age, sex, smoking habit); surgery-related factors (type of surgical approach, side, units, sites, and technique of osteotomy); and maxillary sinus-related factors (presence and height of septum, height of residual ridge, thickness of lateral sinus wall, width of antrum, and thickness and status of sinus membrane). RESULTS: The following factors presented with at least a 10% difference in rates of perforations: smokers (46.2%) versus nonsmokers (23.4%), simultaneous (32%) versus staged (18.5%) approach, mixed premolar-molar sites (41.2%) versus premolar-only sites (16.7%) versus molar-only sites (26.2%), presence of septa (42.9%) versus no septa (23.8%), and minimum height of residual ridge ?4 mm (34.2%) versus > 4 mm (20.5%). These same parameters, except minimum height of residual ridge, also showed an odds ratio above 2. However, none of the comparisons reached statistical significance. CONCLUSION: The present study failed to demonstrate any factor that statistically significantly increased the risk of sinus membrane perforation during SFE using the lateral window approach.

  7. Maxillary ameloblastic fibroma: a case report

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Daniela Otero Pereira da, Costa; Adriana Terezinha Neves Novellino, Alves; Mônica Diuna, Calasans-Maia; Ricardo Lopes da, Cruz; Simone de Queiroz Chaves, Lourenço.

    Full Text Available Fibroma ameloblástico é um tumor odontogênico benigno relativamente raro, em que ambos os componentes epiteliais e ectomesenquimais são neoplásicos. Menino de oito anos de idade, branco, foi encaminhado ao dentista para avaliar a falha na erupção do primeiro molar maxilar do lado esquerdo. A radiogr [...] afia panorâmica revelou imagem radiolúcida, unilocular, bem circunscrita, envolvendo o primeiro molar permanente maxilar esquerdo incluso. A lesão foi enucleada e o material encaminhado para avaliação histopatológica. Microscopicamente, era composta de ilhas e cordões de epitélio odontogênico num estroma mixóide rico em células, que se assemelhava à papila dentária, com diagnóstico histopatológico de fibroma amelobástico. Após 24 meses de acompanhamento, nenhuma recorrência foi observada e o primeiro molar permanente maxilar irrompeu espontaneamente através da mucosa bucal e foi alinhado com aparelho ortodôntico fixo. Esse caso enfatiza a importância do cuidadoso diagnóstico diferencial das lesões orais intra-ósseas e relato de lesão rara e sua localização atípica. Abstract in english Ameloblastic fibroma is a relatively rare benign odontogenic tumor in which both the epithelial and ectomesenchymal components are neoplastic. An 8-year-old Caucasian boy was referred to the dentist for evaluation of failed eruption of the maxillary left first molar. The panoramic radiograph showed [...] a well-circumscribed unilocular radiolucency involving an unerupted maxillary left first permanent molar. The lesion was enucleated and the material was sent for histopathologic examination. Microscopically, it was composed by cords and islands of odontogenic epithelium in a myxoid cell-rich stroma that closely resemble the dental papilla with histopathological diagnosis of ameloblastic fibroma. After 24 months of follow-up no recurrence was observed and the maxillary left first molar erupted spontaneously through the buccal mucosa and was aligned with a fixed orthodontic appliance. This case emphasized the importance of careful differential diagnosis of intraosseous oral lesions and reported a rarity of the lesion and its atypical location.

  8. Unsuccessful frontal balloon sinuplasty for recurrent sinus barotrauma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews, Jamie N; Weitzel, Erik K; Eller, Robert; McMains, Christopher K

    2010-05-01

    The standard of care treatment for diffuse recurrent sinus barotrauma (RSB) is an endoscopic sphenoethmoidectomy with a complete frontal dissection. Successful healing leaves the RSB patient with no ethmoid sinuses and endoscopically patent frontal, sphenoid, and maxillary ostia. In persistent cases, patients with small frontal ostia will go on to require a frontal drillout. Patients presenting for surgical management of RSB generally have minimal sinus disease despite significant symptoms during flight and the prospect of extensive surgical management can be unappealing. With the advent of balloon sinuplasty, military otolaryngologists anticipated this technology would permit therapeutic dilation of sinus ostia without the extensive surgical dissection and prolonged recovery typical for standard of care management. This case report is a cautionary note to the wider flight community to recognize a mechanism for recurrence of the underlying pathology when balloon sinuplasty is used that is not possible after properly performed standard of care sinus surgery for RSB. PMID:20464821

  9. MR imaging of dural sinus thrombosis: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Si Kyung; Han, Chun Hwan; Lee, Moon Ok; Park, Kyung Joo; Lee, Joo Hyuk [Kang Nam General HosPital, Public Corporation, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1993-01-15

    We present a case of angiographically confirmed transverse and sigmoid sinus thrombosis, image with MR, in a 20 year old male with a history of otitis media and maxillary sinusitis. T1-weighted image demonstrated an iso signal intensity mass with tubular-shaped low signal intensity in right transverse and sigmoid sinus. The thrombus had high signal intensity on T2-weighted image. The signal intensity of the thrombus on Gd-DTPA enhanced T1-weighted image was unusually high similar to that of transverse sinus. Although dural sinus thrombosis has a non-specific MR signal intensity, findings of MRI in this case may serve as an aid in future evaluation of venous thrombosis.

  10. MR imaging of dural sinus thrombosis: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a case of angiographically confirmed transverse and sigmoid sinus thrombosis, image with MR, in a 20 year old male with a history of otitis media and maxillary sinusitis. T1-weighted image demonstrated an iso signal intensity mass with tubular-shaped low signal intensity in right transverse and sigmoid sinus. The thrombus had high signal intensity on T2-weighted image. The signal intensity of the thrombus on Gd-DTPA enhanced T1-weighted image was unusually high similar to that of transverse sinus. Although dural sinus thrombosis has a non-specific MR signal intensity, findings of MRI in this case may serve as an aid in future evaluation of venous thrombosis

  11. Evaluation study of the sinus lift technique in combination with autologous bone augmentation in dogs' frontal sinus. Limited cone beam CT image and histopathological analyses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahashi, Tatsuo [Tokyo Women' s Medical Coll. (Japan). School of Medicine

    2002-08-01

    The posterior area of the maxilla has often been considered inadequate for the insertion of dental implants due to insufficient height of the alveolar bone by atrophic reduction and the maxillary sinus expansion. This anatomic problem may be resolved with augmentation of the floor of the maxillary sinus. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of sinus lift and grafting with the iliac crest bone performed in the dog frontal sinus as a model of the human maxillary sinus. Time course evaluations of bone volume after insertion of implants were performed by the limited cone beam CT (Ortho-CT), histopathological study and NIH-image digital analysis. New bone formation was identified as early as 2 weeks after the implant insertion. The bone volume was increased continuously until 13th week. High-density bone was found in the cervix of the implant after 26 weeks. However, the bone was lost at apex area of the implant and air cavity of the frontal sinus expanded. Ortho-CT findings showed good correlation with histopathological course of the lesion and bone volume identified by the NIH image analysis. The results revealed first time whole course of the bone remodeling after implant insertion into the frontal sinus of a dog. The data also provide an appropriate timing of the implant prosthesis and promise usefulness of the Ortho-CT in planning efficient implant treatment. (author)

  12. Metastasis to Paranasal Sinuses as the First Presenting Sign of Renal Cell Carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélio Assuncao Gouveia

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The clear cell carcinoma is a relatively rare tumor, represented approximately 85% by renal cell carcinoma (RCC, but has a characteristic of early metastatic, which sometimes spread to unusual places. Metastatic tumors in the paranasal sinuses are very rare. This case report a 65 years-old patient who presented sinusitis and epitaxis as a first sign of renal cell carcinoma with metastasis to the right maxillary sinus, which was opereted at Lagoa Hospital—RJ and strengthen the inclusion of this disease in the differential diagnosis of sinus disease. The renal cell carcinoma is a relatively rare tumor, representing approximately 3% of malignant tumors. About a third of patients with renal cell carcinoma have metastasis at diagnosis. The sinuses are a rare location of metastasis. The maxillary sinuses and the paranasal sinuses are most commonly affected by metastatic tumors to the sinuses region. The most frequent primary tumor to metastasis to paranasal sinuses is the renal cell carcinoma. This report highlights the rarity of the case and the importance in the differential diagnosis of sinus disease.

  13. Sinusitis in adults - aftercare

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... nose and eyes. They are filled with air. Sinusitis is an infection of these chambers, which causes ... Many cases of sinusitis clear up on their own. Most of the time, you do not need antibiotics if your sinusitis lasts for ...

  14. Chronic sinusitis (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and cartilage and lined with a mucous membrane. Sinusitis occurs when the membranes becomes inflamed and painful, ... a result of a blocked sinus opening. Chronic sinusitis is often caused by inflammation and blockage due ...

  15. How Is Sinusitis Treated?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Marketing Share this: Main Content Area Credit: NIAID Sinusitis Treatment Acute Sinusitis Medications can help ease the symptoms of acute sinusitis. Healthcare providers may recommend pain relievers or decongestants— ...

  16. Sick sinus syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sick sinus syndrome is a group of heart rhythm disorders that include: Sinus bradycardia: This occurs when ... Sick sinus syndrome most often occurs in people older than 50. It is often due to scar- ...

  17. Prosthodontic Procedures for an Implant-Supported Maxillary Full-Arch Fixed Prosthesis Opposing Mandibular Implant-Supported Fixed Prostheses

    OpenAIRE

    Yu-Hwa Pan; Lance R. Ramp; Ching-Kai Lin; Yu-Fu Shen; Perng-Ru Liu

    2006-01-01

    The maxillary full-arch implant-supported fixed prosthesis represents a challenge due tothe structural limitations of the existing premaxillary ridge and maxillary sinus. Prior to initiatingimplant treatment, it is critical to consider the necessary clinical and laboratory proceduresneeded to obtain an optimal level of patient and clinician satisfaction.Consideration must be given to establish a comfortable, cleansible prosthesis with a stable,harmonious occlusion that also meets esthetic and...

  18. Stage II Chronic Maxillary Atelectasis Associated with Subclinical Visual Field Defect

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Joao, Mangussi-Gomes; Marcio, Nakanishi; Maria Regina, Chalita; Fabiana, Damasco; Carlos Augusto Costa Pires De, Oliveira.

    Full Text Available Introduction ?Chronic maxillary atelectasis (CMA) is characterized by a persistent decrease in the maxillary sinus volume due to inward bowing of its walls. According to its severity, it may be classified into three clinical-radiological stages. Objective ?To report a case of stage II CMA associa [...] ted with subclinical visual field defect. Case Report ?A 34-year-old woman presented with a 15-year history of recurrent episodes of sinusitis and intermittent right facial discomfort for the past 5 years. She denied visual complaints, and no facial deformities were observed on physical examination. Paranasal sinus computed tomography (CT) demonstrated a completely opacified right maxillary sinus with inward bowing of its walls, suggesting the diagnosis of stage II CMA. A computerized campimetry (CC) disclosed a scotoma adjacent to the blind spot of the right eye, indicating a possible damage to the optic nerve. The patient was submitted to functional endoscopic sinus surgery, with drainage of a thick mucous fluid from the sinus. She did well after surgery and has been asymptomatic since then. Postoperative CT was satisfactory and CC was normal. Discussion ?CMA occurs because of a persistent ostiomeatal obstruction, which creates negative pressure inside the sinus. It is associated with nasosinusal symptoms but had never been described in association with any visual field defect. It can be divided into stage I (membranous deformity), stage II (bony deformity), and stage III (clinical deformity). The silent sinus syndrome is a special form of CMA. This term should only be used to describe those cases with spontaneous enophthalmos, hypoglobus, and/or midfacial deformity in the absence of nasosinusal symptoms.

  19. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available Computed Tomography (CT) - Sinuses Play Video Clip (00:03:26) Your Radiologist Explains CT of the Sinuses What is CT (Computed ... limitations of CT of the Sinuses? What is CT (Computed Tomography) of the Sinuses? Computed tomography, more ...

  20. Three dimensional analysis of CT image on naso-maxillary complex in cleft lip and palate patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was designed to clarify the three dimensional features of naso-maxillary complex in cleft lip and palate (CLP) by using computed tomography (CT) and to examine its change following an upper dental arch expansion. Sequential CT images with 2mm-thickness were obtained for 11 unilateral CLP boys (UCLP), 6 bilateral CLP boys (BCLP) and 4 boys without cleft (non-cleft). Additionally, two serial sets of upper dental cast before and after dental arch expansion coupled with CT images in UCLP were used to evaluate the effect of dental arch expansion on the naso-maxillary complex. UCLP demonstrated a remarkable naso-maxillary deformity characterized by a decreased volume of maxillary sinus in comparison with the non-cleft patients. Both the volume and shape of nasal cavity were significantly different between the cleft and non cleft side. Naso-maxillary morphology of BCLP, however, was similar to that of the non cleft except for the decreased volume of alveolar arch. Comparative study of UCLP and BCLP showed a significant difference in naso-maxillary morphology. There were some significant correlations between the dental arch expansion and change of each naso-maxillary component, suggesting the effect of expansion stress on the naso-maxillary complex in UCLP. However, deformation caused by expansion stress varied, depending on each component of the naso-maxillary complex. (author) 61 refs

  1. Clinical evaluation of asymptomatic sinus disease detected by MRI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The detection of lesions of the paranasal sinuses as incidental findings during magnetic resonance imaging of patients suspected of intracranial disease who have no nasal symptoms has been far more common than we expected. The present study was performed on 325 patients with a mean age of 60.7 years. Medical histories were taken whether they had any nasal symptoms or not. Asymptomatic sinus disease was present in 41.6% of the 257 patients who had no nasal symptoms, and 9.7% of the patients had either marked mucosal thickening, excessive fluid or polyps in the maxillary sinuses. Although the mean age of these patients was comparatively high, we can infer that 1 in 10 have relatively severe sinus lesions. Mucociliary transport time was measured using the saccharin method in 15 patients who had sinus disease but no nasal symptoms. The mean transport time was 15.6 minutes and within normal limits. Routine ENT examination revealed no lesions in the nasal cavity of any of the subjects. We classified the patients with asymptomatic sinus disease into two groups -- group A: patients with sinus disease associated with some nasal manifestations but who did not complain about them, and group B: patients who had sinus disease but did not have any nasal problems. Group B represents genuine asymptomatic sinus disease in the narrow sense. Most asymptomatic patients in this study appeared to belong to group B. They had some sinus disease, but because their mucociliary function in theibecause their mucociliary function in their nasal cavity was normal, they did not have any nasal symptoms. When we find patients with asymptomatic sinus disease, we have to determine which group they belong to by examining their nasal cavity and measuring their saccharin time. Patients in group A should be medically treated, but those in group B should be followed without medical treatment. (author)

  2. Asymptomatic erosive sphenoid sinusitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mena-Domínguez EA, Santos-Pérez J, Millas-Gómez T, Landínez-Cepeda GA, Martín-pascual MC, Morais-Pérez D

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Sphenoid sinusitis is an infectious disease developed in sphenoidal sinus, either isolated or accompanied. The diagnosis of sphenoid sinusitis is often difficult, since the common initial symptoms are nonspecific. It can generate serious intracranial and cranial nerves complications. The diagnosis is based on clinical history, physical examination, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI and computed tomography (CT. Initial treatment consists of antibiotic therapy, unless complications that should perform endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS in order to open and drainage the sinus.

  3. Viscoelasticity of human oral mucosa: implications for masticatory biomechanics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawada, A; Wakabayashi, N; Ona, M; Suzuki, T

    2011-05-01

    The dynamic behavior of oral soft tissues supporting removable prostheses is not well understood. We hypothesized that the stress and strain of the mucosa exhibited time-dependent behavior under masticatory loadings. Displacement of the mucosa on the maxillary residual ridge was measured in vivo by means of a magnetic actuator/sensor under vertical loading in partially edentulous individuals. Subject-specific finite element models of homogeneous bone and mucosa were constructed based on computed tomography images. A mean initial elastic modulus of 8.0 × 10(-5) GPa and relaxation time of 494 sec were obtained from the curve adaptation of the finite element output to the in vivo time-displacement relationship. Delayed increase of the maximum compressive strain on the surface of the mucosa was observed under sustained load, while the maximum strain inside the mucosa was relatively low and uninfluenced by the duration of the load. The compressive stress showed a slight decrease with sustained load, due to stress relaxation of the mucosa. On simulation of cyclic load, the increment of the maximum strain and the evidence of residual strain were revealed after each loading. The results support our hypothesis, and suggest that sustained and repetitive loads accumulate as surface strain on the mucosa. PMID:21321067

  4. HYPOPLASIA OF ALL PARANASAL SINUSES A CASE SERIES AND LITERATURE REVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balasubramanian Thiagarajan

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Hypoplasia of maxillary sinus is a rather rare condition. Review of literature reveal that so far only 6 cases have been reported. Hypoplasia of frontal and sphenoid sinuses has beendocumented rather frequently. In this article the authors report two rare cases of hypoplasia involving all paranasal sinuses which has not been reported so far in literature. This is actuallyan incidental finding when routine CT scan of sinuses was performed. This patient was clinically asymptomatic. Awareness of this condition is important because of implications involved in performing FESS surgery in these patients. Routine x-rays will lead to erroneousdiagnosis of sinus infection because of the opacity seen in the poorly developed sinus area.

  5. Incidental sinus abnormalities in 256 patients referred for brain MRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghanaati H

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Imaging abnormalities in the paranasal sinuses are regularly noted as incidental findings on MRI, however, little is known about their prevalence in the Iranian population. The purpose of this study was to classify these findings in the paranasal sinuses as seen on MRI and to investigate the prevalence, according to site and type of paranasal abnormality. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the T2-weighted axial MRI of 256 patients with diseases unrelated to their paranasal sinuses were reviewed between May 2002 and June 2003. The findings were categorized according to the anatomic location and the imaging characteristics of the abnormality. The abnormalities recorded included total sinus opacification, mucoperiosteal thickening >5mm, air fluid levels and retention cysts or polyps. Unilateral or bilateral involvement and septal deviation were also noted. A sinus was considered normal if it was fully aerated and no soft-tissue density was apparent within the cavity. Results: Among our cases, 111 (43.5% were male and 145 (56.5% were female. Of these patients, abnormalities in one or more of the sinus groups were found in 110 subjects (42.9%, 55.5% of which were male and 44.5% were female (P=0.001. Maxillary sinus abnormalities were observed in 66.4% of the patients, while ethmoid sinus abnormalities were found in 63.6%. Of the ethmoid abnormalities, 21% were found in the anterior section, 9% in the middle ethmoid, and 8% in the posterior ethmoid. The most common abnormality found was mucosal thickening. Among our cases, 23.4% had septal deviation, which was significantly higher among those with sinusitis (29% versus 19.1%; P<0.01. Of those patients with sinus involvement, 16% were involved in the sphenoid sinus and 5% in the frontal sinus. The results obtained from the patients with sinus abnormality revealed that 85% suffered from cough, nasal obstruction, runny nose, facial pain and post nasal discharge and 24% had been diagnosed with chronic sinusitis by physician. Conclusion: Our results showed that there was a high rate of incidental abnormalities in the paranasal sinuses that are unrelated to the patient's presenting problems.

  6. Bola fúngica dos seios paranasais: relato de dois casos e revisão de literatura / Fungus ball of the paranasal sinuses: report of two cases and literature review

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Guilherme Rasia, Bosi; Gustavo Lisbôa de, Braga; Tobias Skrebsky de, Almeida; Adriana de, Carli.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Bola fúngica dos seios paranasais é uma infecção não invasiva que se caracteriza por sua cronicidade, sendo a maioria relacionada com tratamento endodôntico prévio. Acomete principalmente o seio maxilar, embora todos os seios possam ser envolvidos. O principal agente etiológico é o Asper [...] gillus spp. A tomografia computadorizada, devido às apresentações radiológicas características, sugere o diagnóstico que é realizado definitivamente através de análises histopatológicas. O tratamento padrão-ouro é a cirurgia sinusal endoscópica com antrostomia meatal média. OBJETIVO: Relatar dois casos de bola fúngica dos seios paranasais e ressaltar aspectos importantes desta patologia. RELATO DOS CASOS: Caso 1) Paciente do sexo feminino, 78 anos, apresentou-se com queixas de dor facial há 6 meses e história prévia de tratamento endodôntico. Ao exame físico constatou-se a presença de secreção purulenta em meato médio esquerdo. O Raio X apresentou velamento completo do seio maxilar esquerdo, enquanto a tomografia computadorizada mostrou lesão calcificada neste local. Realizou-se sinusotomia que evoluiu bem. Caso 2) Paciente do sexo feminino, 70 anos, procurou atendimento por história de sinusites de repetição. Ao exame físico não se percebeu nenhuma particularidade. A tomografia computadorizada, assim como a ressonância magnética, detectou espessamento da parede mucosa do seio maxilar esquerdo, além de uma massa calcificada. Realizouse a mesma sequência de tratamento e a paciente também evoluiu bem. CONSIDERAÇÕES FINAIS: A infecção fúngica deve ser considerada nos pacientes que se apresentam com sinusite crônica, que não respondem ao uso de antibióticos e que possuem história de manipulação endodôntica. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Fungal ball of the sinuses is a not invasive infection that if characterizes for its chronicity, being the majority related with previous endodontic treatment. Affect mainly the breasts to maxillary; even so all the breasts can be involved. The main etiological agent is the Aspergillus [...] spp. The computed tomography, had to characteristic the radiological presentations, suggests the diagnosis that is carried through definitively through histopathological analyses. The treatment standard-gold is the sinus surgery with average meatal antrostomy. OBJECTIVE: Reporting two cases of fungal ball of the sinuses and to stand out important aspects of this pathology. STORY OF THE CASES: Case 1) Patient of the feminine sex, 78 years old, presented itself with complaints of face pain has 6 months and previous history of endodontic treatment. To the physical examination it was evidenced purulent secretion presence in left average meatus. Ray X presented complete veiling of the breasts to maxillary left, while the computed tomography showed injury calcified in this place. Sinusotomy was become fulfilled that evolved well. Case 2) Patient of the feminine sex, 70 years old, looked attendance for history of sinusitis of repetition. To the physical examination no particularity was not perceived. The computed tomography, as well as the magnetic resonance, detected thickening of the mucous wall of the breasts to maxillary left, beyond a calcified mass. It was become fulfilled same sequence of treatment and the patient also evolved well. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: The fungal infection must be considered in the patients who if present with chronic sinusitis, that they do not answer to the antibiotic use and that they possess history of endodontic manipulation.

  7. [Upper maxillary cysts: embryogenic and surgical considerations in our cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galletti, B; Bucolo, S; Abbate, G; Canton Bascuas, M; Romano, G; Fera, G; Freni, F

    2000-06-01

    Upper maxillary cysts are a chapter in otorhinolaryngological pathology which have been relatively neglected by the Literature. The reason for this most likely lies in the difficulty in producing a nosographic picture of these pathologies which border on other surgical fields (dentistry, maxillofacial surgery), and because they show significant clinical and etiopathogenic polymorphism. The elements that characterize upper maxillary cysts as a separate clinical entity are basically their cystic nature and origin within the upper maxillary bone, although they can expand widely within the medio-facial region (nasal vestibule, oral vestibule, nasolabial region, palate, maxillary sinus). After having reviewed the various classification schemes proposed over the years, and briefly examining the main clinical and etiopathogenic characteristics and principles for surgical treatment, the present work offers a surgical case study, together with the related iconography. Moreover this work does not neglect embryogenic considerations which are indispensable for the study of some of these pathologies. In this manner the results for 35 surgical procedures on upper maxillary cysts performed from 1989 to 1996 are presented and classified following the Cudennec classification module (1991). This study shows the variety of possible clinical manifestations for these pathologies. Such a variety makes correct diagnosis imperative--today facilitated by modern imaging techniques--and requires diversifying the surgical approach, conditioned not only by the site, extension and nature of the specific lesion, but also by the related symptoms. The significant progress in surgical techniques has made increasingly functional surgery possible and led to the abandonment of such conventional radical techniques as the Caldwell-Luc procedure. Moreover, CT and NMR have provided good image definition, specifying precisely the limits and extensions and, in most cases, facilitating diagnosis of the nature of the disorder with direct and indirect signs of the cystic nature of the lesions whenever the clinical data proves inadequate. PMID:11139876

  8. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the face produces images that also show a patient's paranasal sinus cavities. The paranasal sinuses are hollow, ... small children. Such speed is beneficial for all patients but especially children, the elderly and critically ill, ...

  9. Complications of Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... complete loss of smell (anosmia) may occur with sinusitis. Causes of decreased and/or loss of sense ... improvement. Mucocele A mucocele is a complication of sinusitis caused by obstruction of drainage of mucous from ...

  10. Can Sinusitis Be Prevented?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Skip Content Marketing Share this: Main Content Area Sinusitis Prevention There is little information about the prevention of acute or chronic sinusitis, but the following measures may help: Avoid exposure ...

  11. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... images that also show a patient's paranasal sinus cavities. The paranasal sinuses are hollow, air-filled spaces ... bones of the face and surrounding the nasal cavity , a system of air channels connecting the nose ...

  12. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... for sinusitis. CT of the sinuses is now widely available and is performed in a relatively short ... for specific medical imaging tests and treatments vary widely across geographic regions. Many—but not all—imaging ...

  13. Deformation of lacrimal fossa and nasolacrimal canal after paranasal sinus operation and in chronic sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As have been already described in the literature, the bony wall of maxillary antrum is thickened and sclerotic, and antral contraction may occur in chronic sinusitis and after paranasal sinus operation. However, bony nasolacrimal canal (NLC) is also deformed, but no quantitative data have been published on bony NLC in patients with postoperative status and chronic sinusitis. In the present study, I have measured the diameter and the wall thickness of lacrimal fossa (LF) and NLC. Eighty-nine post-operative cases of paranasal sinuses (bilateral 66 cases, unilateral 23 cases, mean 60.1 years; male/female 59/30), 48 cases with chronic paranasal sinusitis (mean 52.9 years; male/female=32/16,) and 40 normal subjects (mean 44.7 years, male/female=18/22) were measured. The diameter of NLC (upper and lower portions), medial wall thickness of LF and NLC were measured. The outer distance between distal end of bilateral NLC and angle of inclination of NLC were also measured. CT examination was performed with multidetector CT with 0.5 mm collimation and measurement was performed on Exavision (Ziosoft), with reconstruction. The mean diameter of NLC in the post-operative group (upper; 5.6 mm, lower; 6.0 mm) was statistically enlarged as compared with that of normal subjects (4.4 mm both). The chronic sinusitis group (4.7 mm, 4.9 mm, respectively) showed no statistical deference from the normal group in upper diameter of NLC. The wall thickness of LF and upper NLC in post-operative gss of LF and upper NLC in post-operative groups were statistically thick (post-operative; 0.63, 0.64, normal; 0.37, 0.44 mm, respectively), however, those in chronic sinusitis group were not (chronic sinusitis; 0.40, 0.45 mm, respectively). The angle of the inclination of NLC showed outer deviation in the postoperative group and inner deviation in the chronic sinusitis group. After the operation of paranasal sinuses, dilatation of NLC and thickening of bony wall of LF and NLC occurred definitely, and these phenomena were confirmed statistically. It is said that both postoperative sinus and chronic sinusitis have sclerotic and thickened bony wall of maxillary antrum, however, consequence of statistical deformation of LF and upper NLC occurs only in the former. Currently, dacryocystorhinostomy and sinus surgery have been performed endoscopically. This technique can reduce surgical invasion dramatically, but there is no information on bony structure. The structural change of lacrimal drainage apparatus should be considered and ensured before these operations. Evaluation of postoperative NLC and LF with CT scan is an adequate technique which will avoid technical trouble during the operation and complications. (author)

  14. Sinusitis. Diagnostic methods.

    OpenAIRE

    Revonta, M.; Blokmanis, A.

    1994-01-01

    Sinusitis, which primarily involves the anterior ethmoid air cells, can spread to the larger sinus cavities to cause acute and chronic secondary infection. Endoscopic and computed tomographic techniques enable earlier diagnosis and treatment of sinusitis and permanent cure. Primary care physicians should try to identify the disease before it reaches a stage where endoscopic control becomes difficult. Ultrasonography is now used in Europe to diagnose sinusitis and initiate treatment.

  15. Histoplasma capsulatum sinusitis.

    OpenAIRE

    Butt, A A; Carreon, J

    1997-01-01

    Sinusitis is commonly reported in patients with AIDS. In addition to the usual bacterial pathogens isolated from immunocompetent patients, sinusitis in patients with AIDS may be caused by a variety of unusual bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, and mycobacteria. Histoplasma capsulatum has not typically been associated with sinusitis in either group of patients. We report a case of sinusitis caused by H. capsulatum in a patient with AIDS.

  16. Umbilical pilonidal sinus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Kadi, Azzam S

    2014-07-01

    Pilonidal sinuses are commonly encountered, but their occurrence in the umbilical area is rare. The author presents one such case of an umbilical pilonidal sinus in an obese male patient that presented with recurrent episodes of umbilical discharge. The condition was treated with sinus excision and umbilical reconstruction. There was no recurrence of the disease until one year of follow up. PMID:25505866

  17. Umbilical Pilonidal Sinus

    OpenAIRE

    Mcclenathan, James H.

    2014-01-01

    Pilonidal sinuses are commonly encountered, but their occurrence in the umbilical area is rare. The author presents one such case of an umbilical pilonidal sinus in an obese male patient that presented with recurrent episodes of umbilical discharge. The condition was treated with sinus excision and umbilical reconstruction. There was no recurrence of the disease until one year of follow up.

  18. A roentgenological study on paranasal sinus infection in leukemias

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the common sites of infection in leukemic patients in paranasal sinus (PNS). The aims of this paper were (1) to evaluate the incidence of PNS infection and (2) to emphasize the need of routine check of PNS roentgenograms in leukemic patients. We analyzed PNS roentgenograms of 177 pathologically proven leukemic patients during the period from January 1980 through December 1986, and following results were obtained. (1) One-hundred-five were men and 72 were women with the age ranging from 2 to 72 years (mean age being 33.2 years). (2) The number of patients with PNS infection was 82 or 46.3%. The incidence was three times higher than that of general population (16%). (3) The age incidence was 85.7% in the 1st decade, 73.9% in the 4th decade, and 36% in 2nd decades in decreasing order. (4) The maxillary sinus was involved in 86.8% and ethmoid sinus in 23.2%. Retention cyst was noted in maxillary sinus in 13.4%.

  19. Supernumerary, ectopic tooth in the maxillary antrum presenting with recurrent haemoptysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hameed Anam

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Ectopic eruption of teeth in non-dental sites is a rare phenomenon and can present in a variety of ways such as chronic or recurrent sinusitis, sepsis, nasolacrimal duct obstruction, headaches, ostiomeatal complex disease and facial numbness. However, presentation of such patients with recurrent haemoptysis has not been described in the literature so far. We have described a case of an ectopic, supernumerary molar tooth in the maxillary antrum in a patient who initially presented with haemoptysis. Case presentation A 45-year-old male presented with a 2-month history of episodic haemoptysis. A pedunculated growth from the inferior nasal turbinate was seen with fibre-optic visualization. Although the patient was empirically started on antibiotic and anti-allergic therapy, there was no improvement after a few weeks and the patient had recurrent episodes of haemoptysis. Fibre-optic visualization was repeated showing bilateral osteomeatal erythema. Computed tomography scan of the paranasal sinuses demonstrated complete opacification of the left maxillary antrum along with a focal area of density comparable to bone. An ectopic, supernumerary molar tooth was found in the left maxillary antrum on endoscopic examination and subsequently removed. In addition, copious purulent discharge was seen. Post-operatively, the patient was treated with a 10-day course of oral amoxicillin-clavulanate. On follow-up, he reported resolution of symptoms. Conclusion Recurrent haemoptysis has not been described as a presentation for a supernumerary, ectopic tooth in literature before. We recommend that in patients with sinusitis-type of opacification of maxillary antrum and whose condition is refractory to conventional medical treatment, consideration should be given to the investigation of possible underlying anomalies as the cause of such symptoms. Presence of foreign bodies and ectopic teeth in paranasal sinuses can be reliably excluded with the use of appropriate radiological imaging and endoscopic examination.

  20. Rinosinusitis maxilar crónica de origen dental / Chronic maxillary rhinosinusitis of dental origin

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Claudia, Heider C; Gloria, Ribalta L; Daniel, Bacigalupe R; Karin, Krauss M.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La rinosinusitis maxilar de origen dental (RSMD) es una entidad reconocida con una incidencia cercana al 30%. Su diagnóstico puede pasar inadvertido, tanto en la clínica como en las imágenes, llevando a persistencia de sintomatología y fracaso de tratamiento. Objetivo: Describir la pre [...] sentación clínica, diagnóstico y tratamiento de pacientes con rinosinusitis maxilar de origen dental. Material y método: Reporte de casos. Se revisaron historias clínicas, imágenes radiológicas, protocolos operatorios y cultivos microbiológicos de pacientes con diagnóstico de rinosinusitis de origen dental atendidos en Clínica Las Condes. Resultados: Diez pacientes, siete mujeres y tres hombres con edad promedio de 63 años. Descarga posterior y rinorrea fueron los síntomas más frecuentes. El estudio incluyó radiografía dental y tomografía computarizada de cavidades paranasales. Las complicaciones secundarias a extracciones dentales y de implantes dentales fueron las etiologías más frecuentes, siendo el primer molar la pieza dental más comprometida. Todos los casos fueron manejados en conjunto por equipo médico y odontológico. Ocho pacientes requirieron tratamiento quirúrgico y 5 de ellos además procedimientos dentales asociados. La flora responsable fue mixta aerobia y anaerobia. Conclusión: En pacientes rebeldes a tratamiento y con síntomas unilaterales, se debe tener un alto índice de sospecha y buscar dirigidamente patologías dentales que expliquen cuadros rinosinusales máxilo-etmoidales. Abstract in english Introduction: Odontogenic maxillary sinusitis is a well-recognized condition and accounts for approximately 30% of maxillary sinusitis cases. The diagnosis can be missed leading to failure in medical and surgical treatments. Aim: To describe clinical features, diagnosis procedures and treatment of o [...] dontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Material and method: Case Report. We retrospectively reviewed medical records, radiologic characteristic, surgical findings and intraoperative microbial cultures of patients with diagnosis of odontogenic sinusitis at Clínica Las Condes. Results: 10 patients were identified, 7 females and 3 males with a mean age of 63 years. Posterior discharge and rhinorrhea were the most common symptoms. Dental x-rays and paranasal sinus CT-scans were performed in all patients. Iatrogenic causes, which include dental implants and dental extractions, were the most common etiology and the 1st molar was the dental piece most frequently involved. Both otolaryngologists and dentistsworked together in all cases. 8 patients had endoscopic sinus surgery and five of them received concomitant management of the dental origin. Polymicrobial cultures were obtained. Conclusions: Otolaryngologists must have a high index of suspicion and look for an odontogenic cause in individuals with unilateral maxillary and ethmoidal symptoms, resistant to conventional sinusitis therapy.

  1. Frontal Sinus Fracture

    OpenAIRE

    Echo, Anthony; Troy, Jared S.; Hollier, Larry H.

    2011-01-01

    The management of frontal sinus fractures has changed over the past 20 years. Whereas the indications for an invasive procedure had been much broader in the past, it has become more common to treat these fractures conservatively, due to improved imaging modalities, the advent of endoscopic surgical treatment of the nasofrontal outflow tracts, and the improved understanding of frontal sinus physiology. A variety of algorithms have been proposed for the management of frontal sinus fractures; ho...

  2. Fungal sinusitis An Overview

    OpenAIRE

    Balasubramanian Thiagarajan; Geetha Ramamoorthy

    2013-01-01

    Fungal infections of nose and paranasal sinuses are getting common these days. Nose and paranasal sinuses being constantly exposed to environmental insults causing them to be infected. Withincreasing incidence of diseases like HIV and life style disorders like Diabetes Mellitus compromises host immunity, that it is no wonder that the incidence of fungal infections involving the nose and sinuses are on the rise. In addition the incidence of fungal infections inimmunocompetent persons are also ...

  3. JAMA Patient Page: Acute Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the American Medical Association JAMA PATIENT PAGE Acute Sinusitis R espiratory tract infections, including the common cold ... person to person, and are usually short-lived. Sinusitis (infection of the paranasal sinuses) usually occurs as ...

  4. [Inappropriate sinus tachycardia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sossalla, Samuel; Vollmann, Dirk

    2015-04-01

    Inappropriate sinus tachycardia is characterized by an unexplained increase of the resting sinus rate (>?100 bpm) with excess increase in response to moderate activity (mean heart rate?>?90 bpm/24?h). Affected patients may suffer from heart race, palpitations, fatigue, weakness and dizziness. The mechanisms underlying inappropriate sinus tachycardia and its long term prognosis are poorly understood. Thus, diagnosis and treatment are empiric and require the initial exclusion of potential causes of secondary sinus tachycardia. Therapeutic approaches include physical training, beta blockers or ivabradine. Radiofrequency catheter ablation should be restricted to patients with refractory and longstanding symptoms. PMID:25945910

  5. Sinonasal Melioidosis in a Returned Traveller Presenting with Nasal Cellulitis and Sinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    Dahm, Markus C.; Sam Flatman; Rebecca Sin Mei Lim

    2013-01-01

    We illustrate a case involving a 51-year-old man who presented to a tertiary hospital with sepsis secondary to an abscess of the nasal vestibule and pustular eruptions of the nasal mucosa. Associated cellulitis extended across the face to the eye, and mucosal thickening of the sinuses was seen on computed tomography. The patient underwent incision and drainage and endoscopic sinus surgery. Blood cultures and swabs were positive for a gram-negative bacillus, Burkholderia pseudomallei. He had m...

  6. Computed tomography evaluation of autogenous graft in sinus lift surgery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective was to quantify bone formation within autogenous bone grafts and autogenous bone grafts in combination with platelet-rich plasma obtained either from apheresis or centrifugation using computed tomography. This prospective, double-blind study was conducted in 34 male and female adult patients (mean age of 28 years and 8 months), with either unilateral or bilateral pneumatization of the maxillary sinuses, requiring bone graft for dental implant. All patients were submitted to computed tomography examinations prior and six months after sinus lift surgery. Fifty-three maxillary sinuses were operated and divided into three distinct groups: autogenous bone graft, autogenous bone graft in combination with platelet-rich plasma obtained by centrifugation, and autogenous bone graft in combination with platelet-rich plasma obtained by apheresis. The results showed that computed tomography demonstrated bone growth in height and width between the initial and the follow-up computed tomography scans in all three groups. However, no statistical difference was found either for bone height or width. It was concluded that clinical evidence demonstrates the effectiveness of autogenous bone grafts, particularly when used in combination with bone growth factors such as platelet-rich plasma, which allow prosthetic and functional restoration of maxillofacial structures through fixation of dental implants. (author)

  7. FRONTAL SINUS APLASIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANUJ JAIN

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Paranasal sinuses are prone to a great diversity of anomalies. It is important for surgeons to be aware of variations that may predispose patients to increased risk of intraoperative complications and help avoid possible complications and improve success of management strategies. Plane x-rays can be widely used to map sinus anatomy prior to surgical intervention to limit morbidity.The frontal sinus has been used for personal identification since the early part of the 20th century as a result of its tremendous interindividual variation. The frontal sinus is present in approximately 90% of adults. However, some populations have a higher proportion of people without a frontal sinus. This study investigated the frequency of the absence of frontal sinus in Karnataka region of India. The present study was performed retrospectively on radiographs from a series of 238 cases. Abilateral absence and a unilateral absence of sinuses were found in 6(2.5 % and 2(0.84 % of cases, respectively. The clinical significance of the frontal sinuses and their absence are also discussed.

  8. Bronchiectasis and sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper refers to bronchiectasis and sinusitis, in a Patient 27 year old, with square of two days of chill evolution, fever, general uneasiness, migraine, cough, rhinorrhoea, purulent expectoration and dyspnoea. She refers sinusitis antecedents before three months, managed medically and situs in versus, diagnosed six years before

  9. Concha bullosa: frequency and appearances on CT and correlations with sinus disease in 308 patients with chronic sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purposes of this study were to determine the prevalence of concha bullosa in patients with chronic sinusitis, to assess the origin of the pneumatisation (from the anterior or posterior ethmoid cells), and to evaluate the significance of the concha bullosa in the genesis of inflammatory sinus disease. We reviewed the CT studies of 308 patients with chronic sinusitis, assigning four grades of pneumatisation: absent, small, medium and large. Unilateral or bilateral concha bullosa was found in 164 patients (53%). In 79% of cases it was pneumatised via the posterior ethmoidal cells and in 21% via the anterior. A small concha bullosa was associated with abnormalities of the maxillary sinus, ethmoidal cells and ostiomeatal unit respectively in 49%, 28% and 34% of cases, whereas with a large concha bullosa the association was 55%, 36% and 41% respectively on the ipsilateral side and 55%, 32% and 41% on the contralateral side. The usually accepted hypothesis that the concha bullosa may contribute to the pathogenesis of inflammatory sinus disease seems doubtful. (orig.)

  10. The sinus headache explained.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravindran, Murugan; Baraniuk, James N

    2010-05-01

    The concept of a sinus headache is problematic from neurology, allergology, and rhinology perspectives. It may be considered the final neurological diagnosis of exclusion when criteria for other craniofacial pain syndromes are not met. The International Headache Society definition implicates the presence of acute sinusitis, but this requirement is often not met in practice or with a patient's perception of the term. Otorhinolaryngologists have a similar exasperation with this cephalgia but tend to attribute idiopathic, nonallergic rhinopathy as the cause. Allergists often see patients who claim to have a sinus headache but instead have perennial allergic rhinitis or nonallergic rhinitis. A fresh perspective is required to determine the characteristics, differential diagnosis, and veracity of the sinus headache. We recommend using the term with caution only if the clinical picture meets the criteria for acute sinusitis-induced headache. PMID:20431969

  11. CT of the paranasal sinuses: Imaging of endoscopic sinus surgery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1966 Proctor stated that the ethmoid sinuses are the key to infectious sinusitis. Messerklinger found that when sinus ostia are obstructed, mucociliary clearance becomes ineffective and sinusities ensues. Systematic nasal endoscopy and CT are synergistic in the diagnostic evaluation for endoscopic surgery aimed at restoring normal sinus function. The object of this display is to outline a CT technique that affords an accurate demonstration of anatomy, anatomic variations, and the presence and extent of disease within the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. This is particularly relevant when functional endoscopic sinus surgery is considered, a procedure that greatly relies on CT information

  12. Amalgam tattoo: a cause of sinusitis?

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José Luiz Santos, Parizi; Gisele Alborghetti, Nai.

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Little attention has been paid to the toxicity of silver amalgam fillings, which have been used over the centuries in Dentistry. Amalgam particles may accidentally and/or traumatically be embedded into the submucosal tissue during placement of a restoration and perpetuate in such area. This article [...] presents a case of amalgam tattoo and investigates whether it is related to the patient's repeated episodes of sinusitis. The patient was a 46-year-old woman with a 2 mm diameter radiopaque lesion in the right oral mucosa detected on a panoramic radiograph and presented as a black macula clinically. A complete surgical resection was carried out. The histopathological examination revealed deposits of dark-brownish pigments lining the submucosal tissue with adjacent lymphocytic inflammatory infiltrate and multinucleated giant cells phagocyting pigments. There was a negative staining for both iron and melanin. One year after lesion removal, the patient reported that the sinusitis crises had ceased after repeated episodes for years. It may be speculated that the inflammatory process related to amalgam tattoo seems to lead to a local immune response that causes sinusitis because it enhances the human leukocyte antigen DR (HLA-DR) tissue expression.

  13. JAMA Patient Page: Chronic Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    JAMA PATIENT PAGE Chronic Sinusitis Sinus endoscopy (rhinoscopy) Patient Physician Endoscope Endoscope Nose Palate C R O S S - S E C T I O N V I ... or inflammation of the nasal sinuses. Acute bacterial sinusitis usually happens after a person develops an upper ...

  14. Sinus biofilms in patients with cystic fibrosis : is adjusted eradication therapy needed?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aanaes, Kasper; Eickhardt, Steffen

    2015-01-01

    The paranasal sinuses can be a focus for colonisation of the cystic fibrosis (CF) lungs with pathogens. In the sinuses, bacteria can adapt to the lung environment and enhance their antibiotic resistance, with biofilm formation thought to be the most important adaptive mechanism, causing recalcitrant disease. The presence of biofilms in CF sinuses is sparsely described. In this descriptive cross-sectional study, the sinus mucosa from 16 CF patients were analysed by fluorescence in situ hybridization using specific peptide nucleic acid (PNA-FISH) probes for Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus to demonstrate the presence of biofilms. Small clusters of biofilm were visualised lining the sinus mucosa of CF patients. Biofilms were found in 10 out of 18 cases; 7 with intermittent lung colonisation, 2 chronically infected, and one lung transplanted patient. Finding P. aeruginosa biofilms in intermittently lung-colonised patients encourage us to intensify the attempt to eradicate pathogenic bacteria from the CF sinuses in an early stage using combined antibiotic therapy in the prolonged exposure of the sinus-mucosal surface.

  15. Histological and radiological signs indicative for chronic sinus mucosal inflammation in Graves' ophthalmopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gouveris, Haralampos T; Al-Homsi, Jean; Gosepath, Jan; Mann, Wolf J

    2009-06-01

    Orbital decompression and, in some cases, decompression of the optic nerve are the principal surgical procedures used for treatment of moderate or severe Graves' orbitopathy (GO). Histological examination of the surgical specimens of the ethmoid revealed a wide spectrum of inflammatory mucosal changes. The charts of 68 GO patients (55 female and 13 male; age range: 14 - 85 years) were retrospectively reviewed. Lund - Mackay scores were calculated for each patient based on findings of pre-operative computer tomography (CT) sinus scans, and the incidence of histological changes associated with polypoid and eosinophilic inflammation was assessed. Files did not reveal any evidence of chronic rhinosinusitis with or without nasal polyps based on endoscopic findings. Sinus opacification on CT (of any extent) was found in 20 out of the 68 patients (29.4%). On histological exam, histological changes of the sinus mucosa indicative for chronic rhinosinusitis were found in 31 out of the 68 GO patients (45.5%). A histological examination of the sinus mucosa indicative for chronic polypoid inflammation was present in 25 patients. Fourteen out of these 25 patients showed mucosal tissue eosinophilia on histology. Six patients had mucosal changes suggesting chronic non-polypoid inflammation with tissue eosinophilia on histological exam. The incidence of chronic rhinosinusitis in individuals without GO ranges between 10 and 15%. The incidence of histological changes of the sinus mucosa indicative for chronic rhinosinusitis described in this investigation suggests that chronic inflammatory disease is considerably more frequent in GO patients, when compared to the incidence of chronic rhinosinusitis in individuals without GO. Additionally, our data underline that CT imaging of the paranasal sinuses underestimates (29.4%) the incidence of inflammatory changes of the sinus mucosa (45.5%) of any extent in GO patients. PMID:19593970

  16. Celulitis orbitaria como forma de presentación de la sinusitis complicada en el niño / Orbital cellulitis as a way of presentation of the complicated sinusitis in the child

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Odette, Pantoja Pereda; María del Carmen, Luis Álvarez; Dayamí, Benítez Rodríguez; Marlen, Rivero González; Laura, Pérez-Oliva Sánchez.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available La sinusitis aguda es un proceso inflamatorio de la mucosa de los senos paranasales, de etiología bacteriana principalmente. Es más frecuente en las edades escolares y en las épocas de mayor circulación de los virus respiratorios. Se desarrolla cuando se afecta el drenaje normal de los senos y se re [...] tienen las secreciones mucosas. Las complicaciones más severas, como celulitis y abscesos periorbitarios, son raras. La celulitis orbitaria es una entidad poco frecuente, cuya importancia radica en que puede asociarse a la pérdida de la visión y otras complicaciones. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 6 años, afectado con celulitis orbitaria, secundaria a sinusitis, y se comentan las peculiaridades del diagnóstico y el tratamiento, con el objetivo de alertar al pediatra para su diagnóstico temprano, lo que optimizaría su tratamiento. Abstract in english The acute sinusitis is a inflammatory process of the mucosa of paranasal sinuses, the more important bacterial etiology. It is more frequent in the school ages and in the periods of more circulation of the respiratory viruses, which develops when the normal drainage of the sinuses is involved and th [...] ere is retention of the mucosa secretions. The more severe complications including cellulitis and periorbital abscesses are rare. The orbital cellulitis is an entity not much frequent, whose significance lie in it may be associated to loss of vision and other complications. Authors present the case of a patient aged 6 presenting with orbital cellulitis, secondary to sinusitis and the particular feature of diagnosis and treatment to alert pediatrician for its early diagnosis, optimizing its treatment.

  17. Celulitis orbitaria como forma de presentación de la sinusitis complicada en el niño Orbital cellulitis as a way of presentation of the complicated sinusitis in the child

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Odette Pantoja Pereda

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available La sinusitis aguda es un proceso inflamatorio de la mucosa de los senos paranasales, de etiología bacteriana principalmente. Es más frecuente en las edades escolares y en las épocas de mayor circulación de los virus respiratorios. Se desarrolla cuando se afecta el drenaje normal de los senos y se retienen las secreciones mucosas. Las complicaciones más severas, como celulitis y abscesos periorbitarios, son raras. La celulitis orbitaria es una entidad poco frecuente, cuya importancia radica en que puede asociarse a la pérdida de la visión y otras complicaciones. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 6 años, afectado con celulitis orbitaria, secundaria a sinusitis, y se comentan las peculiaridades del diagnóstico y el tratamiento, con el objetivo de alertar al pediatra para su diagnóstico temprano, lo que optimizaría su tratamiento.The acute sinusitis is a inflammatory process of the mucosa of paranasal sinuses, the more important bacterial etiology. It is more frequent in the school ages and in the periods of more circulation of the respiratory viruses, which develops when the normal drainage of the sinuses is involved and there is retention of the mucosa secretions. The more severe complications including cellulitis and periorbital abscesses are rare. The orbital cellulitis is an entity not much frequent, whose significance lie in it may be associated to loss of vision and other complications. Authors present the case of a patient aged 6 presenting with orbital cellulitis, secondary to sinusitis and the particular feature of diagnosis and treatment to alert pediatrician for its early diagnosis, optimizing its treatment.

  18. Three cases of osteoma and an osseous fibroma of the paranasal sinuses of horses in South Africa

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    I, Cilliers; J, Williams; A, Carstens; N M, Duncan.

    Full Text Available Four horses were presented to the Onderstepoort Veterinary Academic Hospital with histories of facial asymmetry, nasal discharge or obstruction of normal nasal passage airflow. Radiographic examination of the maxillary sinuses of 2 cases revealed well circumscribed, unilateral, mineralised masses; t [...] he other 2 cases showed less mineralisation. The masses were accessed for further investigation by surgically created frontonasal bone flaps or trephination of the maxillary sinuses. Diagnosis of osteoma was confirmed histopathologically in 3 of the cases and of ossifying fibroma in the 4th. Two horses were euthanased directly after surgical intervention due to poor prognosis. Osteomas are by nature expansile tumours andfollow the complex communication of the sinuses, and therefore are not all amenable to surgical removal. Osseous fibromas are large, solitary, expansile lesions that are rare in all species but reported most frequently in horses. They have an apparent predilection for the rostral mandible of the horse.

  19. Unusual ocular manifestations of silent sinus syndrome / Manifestações oculares incomuns na síndrome do seio silencioso

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Fabricio Lopes da, Fonseca; Luciana, Mazoti; Mariza, Polati.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A síndrome do seio silencioso é uma afecção adquirida em que há colapso gradual do assoalho orbital e do seio maxilar (atelectasia do seio maxilar), o que pode acarretar alterações orbitárias e oculares associadas, como enoftalmia e hipotropia. Relatamos o caso de um paciente de 8 anos de idade com [...] síndrome do seio silencioso e distúrbios da motilidade ocular. A associação entre a síndrome do seio silencioso e alterações da motilidade ocular extrínseca tem sido descrita na literatura. No entanto, esta é uma associação pouco frequente, principalmente na infância. Abstract in english Silent sinus syndrome is an acquired condition in which there is a gradual collapse of the orbital floor and inward retraction of the maxillary sinus (atelectasis of the maxillary sinus). This in turn may cause associated ocular occurrences of enophthalmos and hypotropia. This is a report of an 8 ye [...] ar-old boy with silent sinus syndrome and associated ocular motility disorders. The association between silent sinus syndrome and ocular motility disturbance has been recently described in the literature. However, this is an infrequent association, mainly in childhood.

  20. Maxillary and Frontal Bone Simultaneously Involved in Brown Tumor due to Secondary Hyperparathyroidism in a Hemodialysis Patient

    OpenAIRE

    Suheil Artul; Abdalla Bowirrat; Mustafa Yassin; Zaher Armaly

    2013-01-01

    Brown tumors are rare focal giant cell lesions of the bone caused by primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT). Brown tumor was reported in 1891; it presents as the end-stage findings of HPT. Common involvements are skull and pelvic girdle. We describe a case of 46-year-old female hemodialysis patient, with secondary HPT in whom multiple masses lesions of the left maxillary sinus and frontal bone were radiologically suspected to be brown tumor. This unusual manifestation of secondary HPT can be expec...

  1. Invasive maxillary aspergillosis masquerading as malignancy in two cases: Utility of cytology as a rapid diagnostic tool

    OpenAIRE

    Sharma, Divya; Mahajan, Nidhi; Rao, Seema; Khurana, Nita; Jain, Shyama

    2012-01-01

    Fungi have emerged as important etiological agents for chronic sinusitis. Invasive aspergillosis has been reported in immunocompromised individuals or diabetics; however, it is uncommonly seen in immunocompetent patients. Definitive diagnosis of these lesions is based on histological examination and fungal culture. We report two cases of invasive maxillary lesions in immunocompetent patients, clinically suspected of malignancy; however, fine needle aspiration cytology showed fungal hyphae, mo...

  2. Expectations of Sinus Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... after surgery, it can be treated with antibiotics. Steroids - One of the underlying causes of some forms of chronic sinusitis is inflammation and swelling. To improve healing, to decrease swelling, and to treat these forms ...

  3. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... sinuses, each connected to the nasal cavity by small openings. top of page What are some common ... image. In a conventional x-ray exam, a small amount of radiation is aimed at and passes ...

  4. Endoscopic Sinus Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to the eye or vision, anesthesia complications, and intracranial complications (brain injury, brain fluid leak, infection of ... similar to those used for sinus surgery, these tumors can be removed without facial incisions. Because this ...

  5. Fungal sinusitis An Overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balasubramanian Thiagarajan

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Fungal infections of nose and paranasal sinuses are getting common these days. Nose and paranasal sinuses being constantly exposed to environmental insults causing them to be infected. Withincreasing incidence of diseases like HIV and life style disorders like Diabetes Mellitus compromises host immunity, that it is no wonder that the incidence of fungal infections involving the nose and sinuses are on the rise. In addition the incidence of fungal infections inimmunocompetent persons are also on the rise. This article attempts to review the published literature available on this topic concurrently along with our experience on this subject. In Indian scenario the incidence of fungal infections involving the nasal cavity has shown an increase. There is also a significant increase in the incidence of fungal infections involving the nose and sinuses even in immunocompetent individuals. Increased use of advanced imaging techniques like CT scan, MRI, and Nasal endoscopes have increased the awareness of Rhinologist to this disease spectrum.

  6. [Rare benign tumors of the nasal fossae and sinuses of the face (benign schwannoma, fibromyxoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahé, E; Poncet, P; Basset, J M; Le Doussal, V

    1983-01-01

    The authors report the observation of two cases of benign schwannomas, one in the nasal cavities, the other in the maxillary sinus and a case of odontogenous fibromyxoma of the ethmoïdo-maxillary sinus. After a study of the observations, a literature review determines the benign character of these tumours, the possibilities of recurring in case of incomplete operation, the importance of computerized tomography to precise their extension, the histological difficulty of the diagnosis and the importance of ultrastructural study to identify them. Taking the cases of schwannomas, we settle two forms A and B (ie) Antoni, because of the myxoïde degeneration which predominate in the second type. Concerning the fibromyxomas histochemicals and ultrastructural studies allow us to definite the character of "myxoblast" or "fibroblast", Cells. Treatment of these lesions is essentially surgical and a long term prognosis is favourable. PMID:6881823

  7. CT and MRI diagnosis of osteosarcoma in paranasal sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study the CT and MRI findings of osteosarcoma in paranasal sinus and evaluate their clinical value. Methods: All 9 eases of osteosarcoma were verified by histopathology. Imaging data were analyzed retrospectively. Results: The lesion occurred in maxillary sinus in 5 eases, in ethmoid sinus in 3 cases and in sphenoid sinus in one ease. Primary osteosarcoma was found in 7 cases. Secondary osteosarcoma occurred from fibrous dysplasia and ossifying fibroma each in one case. On CT, the involved areas revealed bony destruction associated with ill-defined and irregular soft tissue mass. The lesion showed heterogeneous density with minimal or massive tumor' bone formation, cloud-like in 3 cases, ivory-like in 2 cases, spicule-like in 2 cases, cloud- and spicule -like in one case and spicule- and ivory-like in one case. Postcontrast CT showed mild to moderate inhomogeneous enhancement in 3 cases. On MR T1WI, the lesions showed hypointensity compared to brain in 5 cases and iso-intensity in 2 cases. On T2WI, the lesions showed heterogeneous hyperintensity in 4 cases and isointensity in 3 cases with marked hypointense foci which corresponded to tumor bone on CT. Postcontrast MR imaging demonstrated moderate to marked inhomogeneous enhancement in these cases. MRI showed accurately the extent and associated changes of the lesions. The lesions invaded the orbit, pterygopalatine and infratemporal fossae, skull base and extensive craniofacial struckull base and extensive craniofacial structures in 5,4,3 cases and 1 case,respectively. Conclusion: CT is the optimal modality in showing tumor bone of osteosarcoma in paranasal sinus. MRI can demonstrate optimally the invading extent of the lesions. Combined imaging modalities can provide more comprehensive information for diagnosis and therapy of osteosarcoma in paranasal sinus. (authors)

  8. Prevalence of incidental findings in paranasal sinus in brain and orbital CT scans in pediatric patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano Ferreira da Silva

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In emergency services a significant amount of pediatric patients undergoa brain or orbit CT scans for suspicion other than sinusitis. Assuming thispremise, this study was held to show the incidental findings of the paranasalsinuses of children with nonspecific symptoms such as fever, headache andvomiting that underwent brain or orbits CT scans, without the initial suspicion of sinusitis. In a retrospective study, we evaluated 70 CT scans of the brainand orbits of children between 0 and 12 years. The incidental findings of theparanasal sinuses occurred in 32 cases (45.7%. Mucosal thickening was themost common incidental finding, being observed in 35% of patients, followed bycomplete opacification observed in 28% of cases and incomplete opacificationobserved in 28% of patients. Bilateral involvement occurred in 78% patients.The sinuses most frequently affected were the maxillary sinus followed byethmoid sinuses. The abnormalities were more severe in children under theage of three years. The prevalence of incidental tomographic abnormalities inpatients without an initial diagnosis of sinusitis is high. The predominance ofthese findings are mild abnormalities.

  9. Cierre de una fístula oroantral usando cemento óseo y un colgajo de mucosa yugal / Closure of an oroantral fistula using bone cement and a jugal mucosa flap

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Beatriz, Ágreda Moreno; Ángel, Urpegui García; Héctor, Vallés Varela.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Una fístula oroantral es una solución de continuidad patológica entre el seno maxilar y la cavidad oral, producida frecuentemente tras una extracción dentaria, en la mayoría de los casos, del primer o segundo molar. El síntoma más común que provoca es una sinusitis aguda, que evolucionará a la croni [...] cidad si la fístula permanece. El diagnóstico se realiza mediante endoscopia transalveolar, ortopantografía o tomografía computarizada dental. Su cierre quirúrgico es necesario cuando la fístula tiene más de 3 mm, o no sella por sí misma en 3 semanas. Existen, para ello, varias técnicas, usando distintos materiales y colgajos, cuyo fin es ocluir, tanto el defecto óseo, como el mucoso, para solucionar así a la vez la fístula y el problema sinusal. Abstract in english The oroantral fistula is a solution of pathological continuity between the maxillary sinus and the oral cavity, frequently produced after a teeth extraction in most of cases of the first or second molars. The commonest symptom provoked is an acute sinusitis evolving to chronicity if the fistula rema [...] ins. The diagnosis is made by transalveolar, orthopantography or dental computerized tomography. Its surgical closure is necessary when the fistula has more than 3 mm or not seal by itself in three weeks. For it, there are some techniques using different materials and flaps where its objective is to occlude the bone defect as well as the mucous one thus solving the fistula and the sinus problem.

  10. Recurring fibrous dysplasia of anthro maxillary with cranial base invasion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sousa, Kátia Maria Marabuco de

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Fibrous dysplasia is an osseous lesion with an unknown etiology. It is characterized by the osseous maturation insufficiency. It may affect any bone, but the affection of craniofacial bones is the most critical for otorhinolaryngology. Maxilla is the most affected facial bone and the orbitary invasion is an uncommon event. The symptoms are unspecific and for its low suspicion and uncommonness, the diagnosis is generally late. The monostotic form presents a slow growth and asymptomatic course and needs to be followed up. The polyostotic type has a progressive behavior and is associated to recurrence and complications. Objective: To present two cases of patients with fibrous dysplasia diagnosis and describe the clinical presentation, radiological findings and the treatment of this pathology. Cases Report: Two cases of fibrous dysplasia are reported, which initially presented unspecific symptomatology, but with characteristic radiologic signs. They were submitted to surgical treatment for resection of the lesions and evolved with frequent recurrences with extensive affection of the facial sinuses, one patient had cranial base invasion and frontal craniotomy was needed for tumoral excision. Final Comments: Fibrous dysplasia is an uncommon osteopathy. The tomography is the choice method for characterization of the tumoral expansion, and helps in the surgical planning. The surgical strategy is indicated for symptomatic lesions, functions alterations or anatomic disorders. This article describes two uncommon manifestations of recurrent fibrous dysplasia with an extensive affection of anthro maxillary, ethmoidal and sphenoid sinuses, in addition to orbitary and cranial base invasion.

  11. Sagittal, vertical and transversal dimensions of the maxillary complex in patients with ectopic maxillary canines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, H J; SØrensen, H B

    2010-01-01

    To analyse the craniofacial maxillary complex in cases with labially and palatally located ectopic canines, subgrouped accordingly: Group I: no deviations in the dentition; Group IIa: deviations in the maxillary incisors only; Group IIb: deviations in the dentition in general.

  12. [Sinus barotrauma and the functional endoscopic sinus surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hermanowski, Maciej; Jurkiewicz, Dariusz; Adamiak, Grzegorz; Grochulska, Ewa

    2003-12-01

    Sinus barotrauma is quite common illness, which affects the passengers of the planes and the air staff. The authors describe possibilities of the course of treatment these patients with special regard to the functional endoscopic sinus surgery. PMID:15058260

  13. [Maxillary cementoblastoma. A case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slimani, F; Elbouihi, M; Oukerroum, A; Lazreqh, H; Mahtar, M; Karkouri, M; Abdelouafi, A; Benjelloun, A; Chekkoury-Idrissi, A

    2009-01-01

    Cementoblastoma is a rare benign odontogenic neoplasm. Its cause is unknown. It represents less 6 % of all odontogenic tumors. The aim of our work is to present a rare case of maxillary cementoblastoma involving an included central incisor. A 32-year old man consulted for a left maxillary swelling to projection under nostril. A panoramic radiographic examination revealed an included tooth 21 with a radiopaque lesion around its root. The computed tomography revealed the included tooth 21 with a process around its root. This process is well-defined, high-dense and is surrounded by a radiolucent halo. The treatment should consist of complete removal of the lesion with the tooth 21. Histological examination concluded to the diagnosis of a cementoblastoma. The cementoblastoma occurs most frequently in young persons and predominantly among men. The mandibular premolar and molar are the more frequently reached. The maxillary localization remains rare. This tumor occurs around the roots of the posterior and lower teeth. Radiographically, the lesion is well-defined and attached to the root of the tooth, radiopaque dense and surrounded by a radiolucent halo. The cementoblastoma evolves slowly and has the tendency to blow the cortical. The prognosis is good. PMID:19642490

  14. Maxillary second molar with three mesiobuccal canals

    OpenAIRE

    Hari Kumar V; Kavitha A

    2011-01-01

    Understanding root canal morphology is one of the most important steps in successful root canal treatment. Thus, during the diagnosis and treatment phases of the maxillary molars, a clinician must be aware that anatomical variations exist. A number of studies, especially in vitro, have investigated various root canal morphologies, including aberrations of maxillary molars. This clinical case report highlights an unusual variant of a maxillary second molar with a third mesiobuccal canal.

  15. Effect of alveolar bone support on zygomatic implants in an extra-sinus position-a finite element analysis study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freedman, M; Ring, M; Stassen, L F A

    2015-06-01

    The objective was to investigate the influence of maxillary alveolar bone on the stress distribution of zygomatic implants in an extra-sinus position. A three-dimensional finite element model was created based on a computed tomography scan of an edentulous female patient. Two zygomatic implants were modelled and placed in the skull in an extra-sinus position. These were supported by the zygomatic bone and the maxillary alveolar bone and were connected by a fixed bridge. This model was duplicated, and the area of the maxillary alveolar bone supporting the implants was removed. Occlusal and lateral forces were applied to both models and the maximum von Mises stresses were recorded. Higher maximum stresses were noted in the model with no alveolar support. Occlusal stresses were higher than lateral stresses in the model with no alveolar support, while occlusal stresses were lower than lateral stresses in the model with alveolar support. Low stresses were noted in the zygomatic bone in both models. Maxillary alveolar bone support is beneficial in the distribution of forces for zygomatic implants placed in an extra-sinus position. PMID:25748609

  16. Segmentation of Sinus Images for Grading of Severity of Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iznita Izhar, Lila; Sagayan Asirvadam, Vijanth; Lee, San Nien

    Sinusitis is commonly diagnosed with techniques such as endoscopy, ultrasound, X-ray, Computed Tomography (CT) scan and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Out of these techniques, imaging techniques are less invasive while being able to show blockage of sinus cavities. This project attempts to develop a computerize system by developing algorithm for the segmentation of sinus images for the detection of sinusitis. The sinus images were firstly undergo noise removal process by median filtering followed by Contrast Limited Adapted Histogram Equalisation (CLAHE) for image enhancement. Multilevel thresholding algorithm were then applied to segment the enhanced images into meaningful regions for the detection and diagnosis of severity of sinusitis. The multilevel thresholding algorithms based on Otsu method were able to extract three distinct and important features namely bone region, hollow and mucous areas from the images. Simulations were performed on images of healthy sinuses and sinuses with sinusitis. The developed algorithms are found to be able to differentiate and evaluate healthy sinuses and sinuses with sinusitis effectively.

  17. Fungus ball of the paranasal sinuses: Report of two cases and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bosi, Guilherme Rasia

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Fungal ball of the sinuses is a not invasive infection that if characterizes for its chronicity, being the majority related with previous endodontic treatment. Affect mainly the breasts to maxillary; even so all the breasts can be involved. The main etiological agent is the Aspergillus spp. The computed tomography, had to characteristic the radiological presentations, suggests the diagnosis that is carried through definitively through histopathological analyses. The treatment standard-gold is the sinus surgery with average meatal antrostomy. Objective: Reporting two cases of fungal ball of the sinuses and to stand out important aspects of this pathology. Story of the Cases: Case 1 Patient of the feminine sex, 78 years old, presented itself with complaints of face pain has 6 months and previous history of endodontic treatment. To the physical examination it was evidenced purulent secretion presence in left average meatus. Ray X presented complete veiling of the breasts to maxillary left, while the computed tomography showed injury calcified in this place. Sinusotomy was become fulfilled that evolved well. Case 2 Patient of the feminine sex, 70 years old, looked attendance for history of sinusitis of repetition. To the physical examination no particularity was not perceived. The computed tomography, as well as the magnetic resonance, detected thickening of the mucous wall of the breasts to maxillary left, beyond a calcified mass. It was become fulfilled same sequence of treatment and the patient also evolved well. Final Considerations: The fungal infection must be considered in the patients who if present with chronic sinusitis, that they do not answer to the antibiotic use and that they possess history of endodontic manipulation.

  18. Cerebral and Sinus Vein Thrombosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... User Name Password Sign In Cardiology Patient Page Cerebral and Sinus Vein Thrombosis Stephan Moll , MD ; Beth Waldron , MA From the ... from the brain is called a sinus or cerebral vein thrombosis. It is an uncommon type of clot, affecting ...

  19. Pilonidal sinus of the penis

    OpenAIRE

    Kane, Hugh F. O.; Duggan, B.; Mulholland, C.; Crosbie, J.

    2008-01-01

    Pilonidal sinus is a well recognised chronic inflammatory condition which commonly affects the natal cleft and finger web space. Pilonidal sinus of the penis is a rare clinical entity; few cases have been reported previously. The treatment strategy is almost the same as treating any pilonidal sinus and involves total excision of the sinus. Our diagnosis was established on the histopathological findings rather than a clinical-based diagnosis, Follow-up is advisable since the recurrence rate is...

  20. Sinusitis. A review for generalists.

    OpenAIRE

    Reuler, J. B.; Lucas, L M; Kumar, K. L.

    1995-01-01

    A frequent complication of the common cold, sinusitis is one of the most prevalent problems seen in general medical and emergency department practices. In addition, nosocomial sinus infection, particularly in intensive care units, is being recognized more frequently. Decision making about managing patients with sinusitis is based primarily on the history and, to a lesser extent, the findings of the physical examination.

  1. Comparative study of two autogenous graft techniques using piezosurgery for sinus lifting / Estudo comparativo de duas técnicas de enxerto autógeno utilizando piezocirurgia para levantamento de seio maxilar

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Geraldo Prestes de, Camargo Filho; Luciana, Corrêa; Claudio, Costa; Claudio Mendes, Pannuti; Rainer, Schmelzeisen; João Gualberto de Cerqueira, Luz.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: A técnica de levantamento de seio maxilar apresenta como possível complicação a perfuração da membrana sinusal. O presente trabalho teve por objetivo comparar duas técnicas que utilizam a cirurgia ultrassônica para realização de enxerto autógeno para levantamento de seio maxilar. MÉTODOS: [...] Dez coelhos foram utilizados no estudo, sendo que um deles não foi submetido a procedimento cirúrgico. Os nove coelhos operados tiveram os seios maxilares preenchidos com enxertos autógenos coletados de díploe externa de calota craniana, nas formas particulado do lado direito e raspado do lado esquerdo, ambos com aparelho ultrassônico. Os dados de densidade óssea nos seios maxilares esquerdo e direito, obtidos por meio de tomografia computadorizada nos sentidos transversal e longitudinal, registrados 90 dias após a realização dos enxertos foram comparados estatisticamente. RESULTADOS: não houve diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre as técnicas de enxerto que utilizaram osso raspado e particulado coletado por meio de dispositivo ultrassônico da calota craniana de coelhos. CONCLUSÃO: A avaliação clínica dos procedimentos nos levou a concluir que o ultrassom piezoelétrico mostrou-se um instrumento clinicamente seguro na abordagem cirúrgica do seio maxilar de coelhos, permitindo a manutenção da integridade da membrana sinusal durante as manobras de ostectomia da parede lateral da maxila e divulsão da membrana sinusal. Abstract in english PURPOSE: Maxillary sinus lifting is a technique, in which, a possible complication is sinus membrane perforation. The aim of this study was to compare two techniques using ultrasound surgery to perform autogenous graft for maxillary sinus lifting. METHODS: Ten rabbits were used in the study, one of [...] them did not undergo surgery. The other nine rabbits had their maxillary sinuses filled with autogenous bone grafts collected from the external skull diploe in particulate form on the right side, and shaved on the left side, both with ultrasonic device. Data on bone density in left and right maxillary sinus, obtained by computed tomography in transverse and longitudinal sections, recorded 90 days after the grafts, were statistically compared. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences between the two techniques that used shaved and particulate bone collected by means of ultrasonic device from rabbit skulls. CONCLUSION: Assessment of operative procedures led to the conclusion that piezoelectric ultrasound was shown to be a safe tool in the surgical approach to the maxillary sinus of rabbits, allowing sinus membrane integrity to be maintained during surgical procedures.

  2. Radiation injury of colorectal mucosa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rectal mucosa samples were obtained from patients treated with external irradiation of 30 Gy for rectal cancer and treated with intracavitary irradiation of 10 - 30 Gy for cervical cancer to histologically examine acute and chronic radiation-induced changes in rectal mucosa. Immediately after irradiation, crypt had remarkably degenerated with marked infiltration of eosinocytes. Regenerated ducts occurred within one week, and mucosa structure returned to normal within 3 weeks. Chronic changes observed 6 months or later after irradiation were characterized by thinned mucosa, and dilated crypt and capillary vessels. According to the staining method of Culling et al, the normal colorectal mucosa could be divided into red and blue types. The ratio of red to blue types was 4:1 in both normal rectal mucosa and radiation proctitis. Blue crypt index occurring per cm of red type rectal mucosa was 0.1 for chronic radiation proctitis, being significantly higher than for normal mucosa. It increased at the time of recovery of acute radiation proctitis. (Namekawa, K.)

  3. Anatomic reference for computed tomography of paranasal sinuses and their communication in the Egyptian buffalo (Bubalus bubalis).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alsafy, M A M; El-Gendy, S A A; El Sharaby, A A

    2013-06-01

    The purpose of this work was to present an anatomic reference for computed tomography (CT) for the paranasal sinuses of adult buffalo fit the use of anatomists, radiologists, clinicians and veterinary students. CT images with the most closely corresponding cross sections of the head were selected and studied serially in a rostral to caudal progression from the level of the interdental space to the level of the nuchal line. The anatomical features were compared with the dissected heads and skulls. The paranasal sinuses of buffalo comprise dorsal conchal, middle conchal, maxillary, frontal, palatine, sphenoidal (inconstant, small and shallow when present), lacrimal and ethmoidal that were identified and labelled according to the premolar and molar teeth as landmarks. The topographic description of all the compartments, diverticula, septa and communication of the paranasal sinuses in buffalo has been presented. The relationship between the various air cavities and paranasal sinuses was easily visualized. PMID:22994483

  4. Non-grafted sinus implants in periodontally compromised patients: a time-to-event analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellegaard, Birgit; Baelum, Vibeke

    2006-01-01

    This study reports the results of implant therapy involving a sinus membrane lift and of conventional implant therapy in 68 periodontally compromised patients treated between June 1990 and June 2002. Patients had at least two implants inserted, one of which was placed in the maxillary sinus region following fenestration of the lateral sinus wall and lifting of the sinus membrane. Two implant systems were used: a two-stage system (Astra) and a one-stage system (ITI). Annual follow-up visits included recording of plaque, probing pocket depth and measurement of the radiographic distance in millimeter from the implant shoulder to the alveolar crest. Survival analysis showed that the proportion of implants that had not been explanted after 5 years ranged between 88.7% for ITI sinus implants and 97% for ASTRA conventional implants. After 10 years, the proportion of implants remaining in situ ranged between 59% for ITI conventional implants and 97% for ASTRA conventional implants. Cox regression analyses showed thatthe factors influential for implant explantation were implant type (HR(ITI) = 2.8), implant length (HR( or = 20 teeth) = 3.8). Our results demonstrate that sinus implants may be inserted with the same success as conventional implants in periodontally compromised patients.

  5. Non-invasive aspergillosis of the paranasal sinuses: CT and MRI findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aspergillosis is the most common fungal infection of the paranasal sinuses, and needs to be recognized because it requires surgical removal. Twenty proven cases of aspergillosis of the paranasal sinuses are reported here. CT was performed in all the cases and MRI in 2 cases. The maxillary sinus was affected in 19 patients and the sphenoid sinus in 1. Mycosis was unilateral in all but 1 of the cases. Foci of increased attenuation at CT were observed in 18 cases, with calcification in 10 cases and/or dental material in 13 cases. An increased bony wall thickness was observed in 16 cases. All the patients but 1 had at least one of the signs. At MRI the fungal mass displayed a hypointense signal on T1- and T2-weighted images. No enhancement was noted on post-contrast T1-weighted images. The diagnosis of paranasal sinus aspergillosis is suggested by the CT findings, when a hyperdense mass with calcifications and/or dental material is noted with thickening of the sinus wall. MRI may have a complementary diagnostic role in doubtful cases. (orig.)

  6. Endoscópio rígido e flexível na sinoscopia e técnica de triangulação em seios paranasais de equinos / Rigid and flexible endoscope in sinoscopy and triangulation technique in equine paranasal sinus

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Thaís Sodré de Lima, Machado; Luís Cláudio Lopes Correia da, Silva.

    2254-22-01

    Full Text Available A endoscopia dos seios paranasais, denominada sinoscopia, trata-se de técnica minimamente invasiva efetiva para diagnóstico e tratamento das afecções sinusais. Este trabalho teve como objetivo determinar portais para triangulação, a partir dos pontos de sinoscopia já descritos e comparar a utilizaçã [...] o de endoscópio rígido e flexível de pequeno calibre durante a sinoscopia em equinos de diferentes idades. Foram realizados, sequencialmente três procedimentos: sinoscopia com endoscópio rígido, sinoscopia com endoscópio flexível e abordagem cirúrgica por técnica de triangulação. A qualidade da imagem obtida com o endoscópio rígido foi superior à do endoscópio flexível, entretanto, a amplitude de visão foi maior com o endoscópio flexível, que permitiu maior mobilidade e aproximação das estruturas anatômicas dos seios paranasais. A partir dos portais situados sobre o seio frontal, foi possível examinar tanto o seio frontal como o maxilar caudal. Através do portal do seio maxilar caudal, foram examinadas as raízes dentárias e demais estruturas localizadas no interior deste. O exame do seio maxilar rostral foi dificultado em alguns casos devido ao acentuado tamanho da raiz do 1°dente molar, principalmente em animais jovens. Os portais para técnica de triangulação foram determinados nos seios frontal e maxilar caudal, permitindo acesso de instrumental cirúrgico às estruturas anatômicas. Através dos resultados obtidos foi possível estabelecer portais para realização de técnicas de sinoscopia e triangulação no diagnóstico e tratamento das afecções sinusais de equinos, utilizando endoscópio rígido ou flexível. Abstract in english Sinoscopy, the paranasal sinus endoscopy, is a minimally invasive technique used to diagnose and treat sinus disease. The objective of this study was to determine triangulation portals sites from sinoscopy portals previously described and to compare rigid and flexible endoscope of small diameter in [...] horses of different ages. Paranasal sinuses underwent three procedures in sequence: sinoscopy with rigid endoscope, sinoscopy with flexible endoscope and surgical approach to triangulation technique. Rigid endoscope presented higher image quality, although the amplitude of visualization was greater with flexible endoscope that yielded better mobility and proximity of the paranasal sinus anatomical structures. Through frontal sinus portals, the frontal and caudal maxillary sinuses were examined. The structures of maxillary caudal sinus, including the roots of the cheek teeth, were observed through the portal of caudal maxillary sinus. In some animals, the bigger root of the first upper molar teeth, mainly in young horses, made the exam of rostral sinus exam harder. Triangulation portals were determined in frontal and caudal maxillary sinus enabling surgical instrumentation access to anatomical structures. The results enabled the establishment of sinoscopy and triangulation portals to diagnosis and treatment of sinus disease in horses using either flexible or rigid endoscope.

  7. Computed tomography of the paranasal sinus for endonasal sinus surgery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a retrospective study 170 computed tomographies recorded in patients with chronic sinus disease were evaluated. The extent of sinus disease and the involvement of the different paranasalsinuses were well seen. Up to now 50 patients have undergone surgical treatment. The coincidence of the preoperative CT with the intraoperative findings was about 90%. Anatomic particularities of the paranasal sinus in an individual patient may predispose to recurrent sinusitis or mean there is an increased risk of intraoperative complications. The main risk factors are a far lateral location of the posterior ethmoid cells (28.8%), a much lower position of the cibriform plate in comparison to the ethmoid roof (11.8%), and extensive lateral aeration of the sphenoidal sinus (1.2%). All patients should undergo CT scanning in coronal and axial planes prior to endonasal sinus surgery. This gives a guide for detection of inflammatory lesions and anatomic variations or anomalies, thus making it possible to prevent intraoperative complications. (orig.)

  8. Complicações após expansão de maxila cirurgicamente assistida / Complications following surgically assisted maxillary expansion

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gustavo Cavalcanti, Albuquerque; Andréa Guedes Barreto, Gonçales; Victor, Tieghi Neto; Alexandre Simões, Nogueira; Diogo Souza Ferreira Rubim de, Assis; Eduardo Sanches, Gonçales.

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: O tratamento da deficiência transversal de maxila, em adultos, exige a expansão de maxila cirurgicamente assistida. Diversas técnicas cirúrgicas são conhecidas para a realização desse procedimento, porém estas relacionam-se com complicações. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a incidência de complicações [...] associadas ao procedimento de expansão de maxila cirurgicamente assistida. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Trinta e três indivíduos com deficiência transversal de maxila foram submetidos ao procedimento de expansão pela técnica da osteotomia Le Fort I subtotal com degrau no pilar zigomático-maxilar, disjunção ptérigo-maxilar e osteotomia da sutura intermaxilar. Durante os períodos trans e pós-operatório, as complicações relacionadas ao procedimento e as distâncias interdentais foram registradas. RESULTADO: Doze homens e 21 mulheres, com idade média de 24,64 anos, submeteram-se ao procedimento. As mensurações das distâncias interdentais evidenciaram aumento das mesmas entre os períodos pré-operatório e pós-operatório de 2 meses. As complicações prevalentes foram sinusite (6%) e deslocamento associado à inclinação dental (6%). CONCLUSÃO: A expansão de maxila cirurgicamente assistida é um procedimento eficaz e de baixa morbidade para o tratamento da deficiência transversal de maxila em indivíduos adultos. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: The treatment of adult transverse maxillary deficiency is the surgically assisted maxillary expansion. Several surgical techniques have been described for this and complications have been related to these procedures. OBJECTIVE: the aim of this study was evaluate the incidence of compli [...] cations associated with surgically assisted maxillary expansion. MATERIAL AND METHOD: 33 individuals undergone surgically assisted maxillary expansion by subtotal Le Fort I osteotomy with a step in the zygomatic-maxillary buttress and associated to pterigomaxillary disjunction and osteotomy of intermaxillary suture. Operative complications, post-operative complications and the distance between the upper teeth were recorded. RESULT: 12 men and 21 women with an average age of 24.64 years undergone the procedure. The interdental distances increased from preoperative to 2 months post-operative time. The prevalent complications were sinusitis (6%) and teeth displacement and inclination (6%). CONCLUSION: Surgically assisted maxillary expansion is an effective and low morbidity procedure to treat transverse maxillary deficiency in adults.

  9. Truncal anaesthesia of the maxillary nerve for outpatient surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robiony, M; Demitri, V; Costa, F; Politi, M; Cugini, U

    1998-10-01

    We present our experience of transcutaneous truncal anaesthesia of the maxillary nerve in association with transmucosal anaesthesia of the sphenopalatine ganglion in surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion. Twelve patients with a skeletal transverse discrepancy of the maxilla were treated in our department from 1994 to 1995. Maxillary transcutaneous nerve block was done with a Quincke 8 cm spinal needle together with transmucosal anaesthesia of the sphenopalatine ganglion. Mepivacaine without adrenaline and sodium bicarbonate 1/10 was used for truncal anaesthesia and lidocaine-prilocaine cream for transmucosal anaesthesia. A Le Fort I osteotomy, lateral nasal wall osteotomy, pterygomaxillary osteotomy, and a palatal osteotomy were done for all patients before the maxillary expansion. Total anaesthesia of the maxillary area facilitated the operations and appreciably reduced the amount of postoperative pain. The ease of achieving effective anaesthesia before and after operation and the absence of side-effects make this form of anaesthetic particularly useful in surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion. PMID:9831062

  10. Sinonasal imaging after Caldwell-Luc surgery: MDCT findings of an abandoned procedure in times of functional endoscopic sinus surgery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nemec, Stefan Franz; Peloschek, Philipp; Koelblinger, Claus; Mehrain, Sheida; Krestan, Christian Robert; Czerny, Christian [Department of Radiology, Division of Neuroradiology and Musculoskeletalradiology, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringerguertel 18-20, 1090 Vienna (Austria)

    2009-04-15

    Background and purpose: Today, functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is performed in most of the patients with sinonasal inflammatory disease. The postoperative imaging findings of FESS in multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) considerably differ from those of historic Caldwell-Luc (CL) maxillary sinus surgery which is an uncommon procedure today. Thus, the postoperative CL imaging findings may lead to diagnostic confusion and misinterpretation. Therefore, this study explicitly presents the MDCT findings of post-CL patients which have not been described previously. Methods: Twenty-eight patients with clinically suspected sinusitis and documented history of CL-procedure underwent 16 row MDCT (MDCT Mx8000 IDT Philips) with multiplanar reconstructions of the paranasal sinuses in the axial plane. The following parameters were used: 140 kV, 50 mAs; 16 mm x 0.75 mm detector collimation; 1 mm reconstructed slice thickness; 0.5 mm increment. The studies were reconstructed with a bone algorithm (W3000/L600; 1 mm slice thickness) in axial plane and coronal plane (3 mm slice thickness). The images were retrospectively evaluated for the presence of normal surgery-related and pathological findings. Results: Surgery-related imaging characteristics presented as follows: an anterior and a medial bony wall defect and sclerosis and sinus wall thickening were observed in all 28/28 cases (100%). Collaps of the sinus cavity was seen in 26/28 cases (92.9%). Furthermore, inflammatory disease of the operated sinus(es) was found in 23/28 cases (82.1%): 14/28 patients (50%) had inflammatory mucosal thickening of the operated sinus(es) as well as of other sinonasal cavities and 9/28 patients (32.1%) had inflammatory mucosal thickening limited to the operated sinus(es). A postoperative mucocele was depicted in 3/28 cases (10.7%). 2/28 patients (7.1%) showed neither maxillary nor other mucosal swelling. Conclusion: MDCT with multiplanar reconstructions is a precise method to evaluate post-CL patients and helps to differentiate normal surgery-related findings, which may mimic pathology, from real pathological findings.

  11. Sinonasal imaging after Caldwell-Luc surgery: MDCT findings of an abandoned procedure in times of functional endoscopic sinus surgery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background and purpose: Today, functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is performed in most of the patients with sinonasal inflammatory disease. The postoperative imaging findings of FESS in multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) considerably differ from those of historic Caldwell-Luc (CL) maxillary sinus surgery which is an uncommon procedure today. Thus, the postoperative CL imaging findings may lead to diagnostic confusion and misinterpretation. Therefore, this study explicitly presents the MDCT findings of post-CL patients which have not been described previously. Methods: Twenty-eight patients with clinically suspected sinusitis and documented history of CL-procedure underwent 16 row MDCT (MDCT Mx8000 IDT Philips) with multiplanar reconstructions of the paranasal sinuses in the axial plane. The following parameters were used: 140 kV, 50 mAs; 16 mm x 0.75 mm detector collimation; 1 mm reconstructed slice thickness; 0.5 mm increment. The studies were reconstructed with a bone algorithm (W3000/L600; 1 mm slice thickness) in axial plane and coronal plane (3 mm slice thickness). The images were retrospectively evaluated for the presence of normal surgery-related and pathological findings. Results: Surgery-related imaging characteristics presented as follows: an anterior and a medial bony wall defect and sclerosis and sinus wall thickening were observed in all 28/28 cases (100%). Collaps of the sinus cavity was seen in 26/28 cases (92.9%). Furthermore, inflammator28 cases (92.9%). Furthermore, inflammatory disease of the operated sinus(es) was found in 23/28 cases (82.1%): 14/28 patients (50%) had inflammatory mucosal thickening of the operated sinus(es) as well as of other sinonasal cavities and 9/28 patients (32.1%) had inflammatory mucosal thickening limited to the operated sinus(es). A postoperative mucocele was depicted in 3/28 cases (10.7%). 2/28 patients (7.1%) showed neither maxillary nor other mucosal swelling. Conclusion: MDCT with multiplanar reconstructions is a precise method to evaluate post-CL patients and helps to differentiate normal surgery-related findings, which may mimic pathology, from real pathological findings.

  12. Venous sinus stenting for pseudotumour cerebri with venous sinus stenosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To explore the relation between venous sinus stenosis and pseduotumour cerebri and to discuss the efficacy and strategy of venous sinus stenting for its treatment. Methods: Venous sinus stenting was performed in a total of 9 patients with pseudotumour cerebri accompanied by dural sinus stenosis. The clinical data, including the clinical presentations, intracranial pressure, angiographic findings, pressure of dural sinus,methods of treatment and the therapeutic results, were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Bilateral disc edema was seen in all patients. The pressure gradient in the lateral sinuses was obviously high before stenting (22.67±7.25)mmHg in all patients and a reduction in intra-sinus pressure and pressure gradient was also found (5.78±3.77)mmHg. The symptoms associated with intracranial hypertension were gradually improved or disappeared in two weeks after the placement of the stent in all cases, and the intracranial pressure dropped evidently (12.78±5.97)cm H2O. Vision was improved in 7 cases at three months, whereas it remained poor in 2 cases despite normalized intracranial pressure. There was no other permanent procedure-related morbidity. The patients were followed up for 3 months to 5 years, and no recurrence developed. Conclusion: Lateral sinus stenting is an effective method for the treatment of pseudotumour cerebri with dural sinus stenosis. (authors)

  13. Imaging study of ossifying fibroma with associated aneurysmal bone cyst in the paranasal sinus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, B.T., E-mail: cjr.yangbentao@vip.163.com [Department of Radiology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, No. 1, Dongjiaominxiang, Dongcheng District, Beijing 100730 (China); Wang, Y.Z., E-mail: yzwang1981@163.com [Department of Radiology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, No. 1, Dongjiaominxiang, Dongcheng District, Beijing 100730 (China); Wang, X.Y., E-mail: juanjuan0824@163.com [Department of Radiology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, No. 1, Dongjiaominxiang, Dongcheng District, Beijing 100730 (China); Wang, Z.C., E-mail: cjr.wzhch@vip.163.com [Department of Radiology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, No. 1, Dongjiaominxiang, Dongcheng District, Beijing 100730 (China)

    2012-11-15

    Objective: To determine the CT and MR imaging features of ossifying fibroma with aneurysmal bone cyst of the paranasal sinus. Materials and methods: We retrospectively reviewed 15 patients with histopathology-proven ossifying fibromas with aneurysmal bone cysts in the paranasal sinus. All 15 patients underwent CT and MR imaging. The following imaging features were reviewed: location, shape, margin, CT findings, and MR imaging appearances and time-intensity curve of dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging. Results: Ossifying fibromas occurred in the maxillary sinus in one patient, sphenoid sinus in 2, frontal sinus in 3, frontoethmoid sinuses in 3, and ethmoid sinus in 6 patients. Ossifying fibromas showed an elliptic-shape and aneurysmal bone cysts revealed a multicystic appearance, with well-demarcated margins. On unenhanced CT, ossifying fibromas appeared isodense to gray matter with scattered calcifications in nine, ground-glass appearance in 6 patients and aneurysmal bone cysts showed mixed density. Ossifying fibromas appeared isointense to gray matter in 12 and slightly hypointense in three patients on T1-weighted images, and isointense in 4 and hypointense in eleven patients on T2-weighted images, with moderate or marked enhancement after administration of contrast material. The time-intensity curves of eight ossifying fibromas exhibited a rapidly enhancing and rapid washout pattern. The intracystic components of aneurysmal bone cysts showed heterogeneous signal intensity on MR images, with fluid-fluid levels identified clearly by T2-weighted images, without enhancement. The periphery and septa of aneurysmal bone cysts appeared isointense on MR images, with marked enhancement. Conclusions: Fluid-fluid levels within an elliptic-shape mass with scattered calcifications or ground-glass appearance is highly suggestive of this complicated entity in the paranasal sinus.

  14. Remarkable anatomic variations in paranasal sinus region and their clinical importance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the advent of functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) and coronal computed tomography (CT) imaging, considerable attention has been directed toward paranasal region anatomy. Detailed knowledge of anatomic variations in paranasal sinus region is critical for surgeons performing endoscopic sinus surgery as well as for the radiologist involved in the preoperative work-up. To be in the known anatomical variants with some accompanying pathologies, directly influence the success of diagnostic and therapeutic management of paranasal sinus diseases. A review of 512 (1024 sides) paranasal sinus tomographic scans was carried out to expose remarkable anatomic variations of this region. We used only coronal sections, but for some cases to clear exact diagnosis, additional axial CT scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and nasal endoscopy were also performed. In this pictorial essay, rates of remarkable anatomic variations in paranasal region were displayed. The images of some interesting cases were illustrated, such as the Onodi cell in which isolated mucocele caused loss of visual acuity, agger nasi cell, Haller's cell, uncinate bulla, giant superior concha bullosa, inferior concha bullosa, bilateral carotid artery protrusion into sphenoid sinus, maxillary sinus agenesis, bilateral secondary middle turbinate (SMT) and sphenomaxillary plate. The clinical importance of all these variations were discussed under the light of the literature. It was suggested that remarkable erature. It was suggested that remarkable anatomic variations of paranasal region and their possible pathologic consequences should be well defined in order to improve success of management strategies, and to avoid potential complications of endoscopic sinus surgery. The radiologist must pay close attention to anatomical variations in the preoperative evaluation

  15. Remarkable anatomic variations in paranasal sinus region and their clinical importance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kantarci, Mecit E-mail: akkanrad@hotmail.com; Karasen, R. Murat; Alper, Fatih; Onbas, Omer; Okur, Adnan; Karaman, Adem

    2004-06-01

    With the advent of functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) and coronal computed tomography (CT) imaging, considerable attention has been directed toward paranasal region anatomy. Detailed knowledge of anatomic variations in paranasal sinus region is critical for surgeons performing endoscopic sinus surgery as well as for the radiologist involved in the preoperative work-up. To be in the known anatomical variants with some accompanying pathologies, directly influence the success of diagnostic and therapeutic management of paranasal sinus diseases. A review of 512 (1024 sides) paranasal sinus tomographic scans was carried out to expose remarkable anatomic variations of this region. We used only coronal sections, but for some cases to clear exact diagnosis, additional axial CT scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and nasal endoscopy were also performed. In this pictorial essay, rates of remarkable anatomic variations in paranasal region were displayed. The images of some interesting cases were illustrated, such as the Onodi cell in which isolated mucocele caused loss of visual acuity, agger nasi cell, Haller's cell, uncinate bulla, giant superior concha bullosa, inferior concha bullosa, bilateral carotid artery protrusion into sphenoid sinus, maxillary sinus agenesis, bilateral secondary middle turbinate (SMT) and sphenomaxillary plate. The clinical importance of all these variations were discussed under the light of the literature. It was suggested that remarkable anatomic variations of paranasal region and their possible pathologic consequences should be well defined in order to improve success of management strategies, and to avoid potential complications of endoscopic sinus surgery. The radiologist must pay close attention to anatomical variations in the preoperative evaluation.

  16. Imaging study of ossifying fibroma with associated aneurysmal bone cyst in the paranasal sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To determine the CT and MR imaging features of ossifying fibroma with aneurysmal bone cyst of the paranasal sinus. Materials and methods: We retrospectively reviewed 15 patients with histopathology-proven ossifying fibromas with aneurysmal bone cysts in the paranasal sinus. All 15 patients underwent CT and MR imaging. The following imaging features were reviewed: location, shape, margin, CT findings, and MR imaging appearances and time-intensity curve of dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging. Results: Ossifying fibromas occurred in the maxillary sinus in one patient, sphenoid sinus in 2, frontal sinus in 3, frontoethmoid sinuses in 3, and ethmoid sinus in 6 patients. Ossifying fibromas showed an elliptic-shape and aneurysmal bone cysts revealed a multicystic appearance, with well-demarcated margins. On unenhanced CT, ossifying fibromas appeared isodense to gray matter with scattered calcifications in nine, ground-glass appearance in 6 patients and aneurysmal bone cysts showed mixed density. Ossifying fibromas appeared isointense to gray matter in 12 and slightly hypointense in three patients on T1-weighted images, and isointense in 4 and hypointense in eleven patients on T2-weighted images, with moderate or marked enhancement after administration of contrast material. The time-intensity curves of eight ossifying fibromas exhibited a rapidly enhancing and rapid washout pattern. The intracystic components of aneurysmal bone cysts showed heterogeneous signal intensity on MR images, with fluid–fluid levels identified clearly by T2-weighted images, without enhancement. The periphery and septa of aneurysmal bone cysts appeared isointense on MR images, with marked enhancement. Conclusions: Fluid–fluid levels within an elliptic-shape mass with scattered calcifications or ground-glass appearance is highly suggestive of this complicated entity in the paranasal sinus.

  17. Vasodepressor carotid sinus syncope.

    OpenAIRE

    Rentmeester, T; Van Zile, J; Van Hal, M; Levene, D

    1984-01-01

    There have been few reports of vasodepressor carotid sinus syncope, as opposed to the cardioinhibitory type, and no definitive treatment has been described. A 58 year old man developed episodes of syncope after surgery and radiotherapy for a laryngeal tumour. The episodes were characterised by hypotension, sharp pain in the right neck, dizziness, and bradycardia. A temporary pacemaker failed to prevent the symptoms, but ephedrine and fludrocortisone produced substantial improvement. Of the fo...

  18. Managing the severely proclined maxillary anteriors by extracting traumatized right maxillary central incisor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Mahesh; Mogra, Subraya; Chalasani, Srikrishna; D'mello, Kuldeep; Dhakar, Nidhi

    2014-10-01

    A 14-year-old girl reported with severely proclined maxillary anterior teeth with fractured and discolored right maxillary central incisor with questionable prognosis. Autotransplantation of premolar to replace central incisor was considered a risky option as patient was 14-year-old with presence of advanced root development of premolar. The immediate placement of the prosthetic implant was also not possible because of patient's age. Therefore, it was decided to use the space obtained by extracting questionable maxillary right central incisor for orthodontic purpose and also sacrificing the healthy premolar is invariably an excessive biological cost for a modest functional and aesthetic gain. Hence, the treatment plan for this case includes extraction of right maxillary central incisor and left maxillary first premolar, movement of right maxillary lateral incisor mesially, achieving normal axial inclination of maxillary anteriors with normal overjet and overbite. Mandibular arch was treated nonextraction due to congenitally missing central incisors with presence of normally inclined lower anteriors thereby maintaining Angles class I occlusion. Tipping, usually, seen in Begg mechanotherapy was used for our advantage to correct severely proclined maxillary anteriors with simultaneous bite opening mechanics. Case was completed in 19 months and posttreatment records including photographs, radiographs and study models were made. Begg wrap around the retainer was placed in the maxillary arch allowing natural settling of occlusion. PMID:25395777

  19. Cirugía periapical en dientes posteriores maxilares: Revisión de la bibliografía / Periapical surgery of maxillary posterior teeth: A review of the literature

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Berta, García; Luis, Martorell; Eva, Martí; Miguel, Peñarrocha.

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos años, la cirugía periapical ha evolucionado gracias a la incorporación de avances diagnósticos y técnicos. El objetivo del presente artículo es realizar una revisión bibliográfica de los trabajos publicados sobre cirugía periapical en los dientes antrales; hemos revisado el Medline y [...] las revistas españolas de Odontología desde 1974 hasta el 2003. Comentamos la anatomía del seno maxilar, el diagnóstico de las lesiones periapicales y la relación del seno maxilar con los dientes antrales; también la técnica quirúrgica, sus consideraciones especiales, y el pronóstico de la cirugía periapical en estos dientes. Los trabajos recientes plantean que la proximidad de los dientes antrales al seno maxilar, no es una contraindicación para la cirugía periapical, y recomiendan su realización en dientes con patología periapical crónica, refractarios al tratamiento endodóncico convencional, a pesar de la proximidad del seno maxilar. Abstract in english In recent years, periapical surgery has evolved thanks to new diagnostic and technical advances. A review is made of the literature on periapical surgery of the antral teeth, based on a Medline search and on the revision of Spanish dental journals in the period between 1974 and 2003. The anatomy of [...] the maxillary sinus is discussed, along with the diagnosis of periapical lesions and the relation of the maxillary sinus to the antral teeth. The surgical technique, special considerations and prognosis of periapical surgery in these teeth are also addressed. Recent studies postulate that the proximity of the antral teeth to the maxillary sinus should not be viewed as a contraindication to periapical surgery, and recommend such surgery in teeth with chronic periapical disease that are refractory to conventional endodontic management, despite the proximity of the maxillary sinus.

  20. Fabrication of a movable obturator following maxillary reconstruction with slit-shaped fenestration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murakami, Mamoru; Nishi, Yasuhiro; Umezono, Minoru; Kamashita, Yuji; Nishimura, Masahiro

    2015-04-01

    Extensive maxillary resection has generally been reconstructed with free skin flaps. Because drooping of the transferred flap causes instability of the obturator prosthesis, maxillary reconstruction often incorporates a slit-shaped oronasal fenestration. Although obturator prostheses for edentulous patients are stabilized with the help of oronasal slits, those for dentate patients are unstable because of flap mobility, resulting in a harmful lateral force exerted on the abutment teeth, causing dislodging of the denture. This report evaluates the benefits of a movable obturator prosthesis for a 60-year-old dentulous patient with maxillary sinus carcinoma. The patient underwent left-sided total maxillectomy, and the defect was reconstructed with a slit-shaped fenestration using a rectus abdominis flap. A conventional obturator prosthesis was inserted; however, drooping of the flap caused instability of the obturator, resulting in nasal regurgitation and fracture of the clasp. To solve this problem, we designed an obturator prosthesis with a movable connection consisting of a ball attachment (patrix) in the metal base and a socket (matrix) in the obturator, which acted as a stress breaker against the harmful force exerted by the flap. Application of this movable obturator prosthesis was a useful solution for a compromising situation created by the surgical procedure. No clinical disorders were observed at the 3-year follow-up. PMID:25092072

  1. Tumor pardo maxilar refractario a tratamiento convencional / Maxillary brown tumour refractory to conventional therapy

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ignacio, Araya; Nicolás, Yanine; Marco, Cornejo; Julio, Villanueva.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el caso de un paciente de sexo masculino, 29 años de edad, insuficiente renal crónico, con hiperparatiroidismo secundario y múltiples lesiones osteolíticas en las estructuras craneomaxilofaciales, diagnosticadas histológicamente como lesiones de células gigantes. La lesión de mayor tamañ [...] o afecta al maxilar superior, estructura raramente comprometida por este tipo de lesiones. Este tumor pardo produce gran deformidad facial y compromiso del piso orbitario, seno maxilar y fosa nasal correspondiente. No se evidenció regresión tumoral tras la paratiroidectomía y la normalización de los niveles de calcio séricos. Finalmente se realiza el remodelamiento quirúrgico del tumor pardo maxilar, con ausencia de recurrencia durante 7 años. Abstract in english A case is presented of a 29 year-old male patient suffering from chronic renal failure, secondary hyperparathyroidism and multiple osteolytic lesions in cranio-maxillo-facial structures, and with a histological diagnosis of giant cell lesions. The larger lesion affected the superior maxillary, a str [...] ucture rarely compromised by this type of injury. This brown tumour caused a large facial deformity and compromised the orbital floor, maxillary sinus and the corresponding nostril. There was no evidence of tumour regression after parathyroidectomy and the serum calcium levels returned to normal. Finally, surgical remodelling of the maxillary brown tumour was performed, and no recurrence has been observed for 7 years.

  2. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of paranasal sinuses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMTs) are clinicopathologically distinctive but biologically controversial entries; they rarely affect the head and neck region and usually follow a benign clinical course after radical excision. We reviewed the literatures of IMTs and present a rare case of IMT arising from the maxillary paranasal sinus of an 11-yaer-old girl. Moreover, we elaborate on the morpho-immunophenotypic characteristic of this lesion. Microscopic examination revealed a spindle cell proliferation set in a highly vascular stroma with numerous inflammatory cells. Tumor cells were immunoreactive for vimentin, and smooth muscle action, negative for desmin, S-100, p53, Cyclin D1 and bcl-2. The potential neoplastic nature of this lesion was substantiated by the strong diffuse immuno-expression of ALK-1 protein, a marker that has been linked to neoplastic transformation. The lesion was excised completely by a Co2 LASER as a new treatment modality and the patient manifested no evidence of disease recurrence at 10-months recall. (author)

  3. Nasal cavity and accessory nasal sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radioanatomy of nasal cavity and accessory nasal sinuses is described. Diseases of accessory nasal sinuses (disturbances of development, sinuitis, mucocele tumors) are considered. Roentgenograms of nasal cavity and that in the diseases of accessory nasal sinuses are presented and analyzed

  4. What Are the Symptoms of Sinusitis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Skip Content Marketing Share this: Main Content Area Sinusitis Symptoms Most people with sinusitis have facial pain or tenderness in several places, ... create a vacuum that causes pain. People with sinusitis have thick nasal secretions that can be white, ...

  5. Difference between Sinusitis and a Cold

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Text Size Email Print Share The Difference Between Sinusitis and a Cold Article Body Sinusitis is an ... to 10 days. Signs and Symptoms of Bacterial Sinusitis: Cold symptoms (nasal discharge, daytime cough, or both) ...

  6. Genetics Home Reference: Sick sinus syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... PubMed Recent literature OMIM Genetic disorder catalog Conditions > Sick sinus syndrome On this page: Description Genetic changes ... names Glossary definitions Reviewed August 2013 What is sick sinus syndrome? Sick sinus syndrome (also known as ...

  7. Maxillary reconstruction to enable implant insertion: a retrospective study of 181 patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carneiro José Mario

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The purpose of the present study was to evaluate different types of maxillary pre-prosthetic surgery using autogenous bone graft and suggest a guideline for maxillary reconstruction to place implant. Methods 181 patients (125 females and 56 males, age range from 16 to 76 years old, were operated at the Maxillo-Facial Service of the Lille's 2 Universitary Hospital Center (Chairman Pr Joël Ferri. Different techniques were used, but always with autogenous bone grafting. 21 patients underwent a Lefort 1 procedure, 139 underwent sinus graft with or without vestibular onlay graft and 21 underwent onlay graft. This surgical procedure was made to allow the insertion of 685 implants. Results The patients were evaluated by clinical and radiological assessment. In the cases of Lefort 1, the rate of successful osteointegration was higher when the implants were placed in the second part of a two stages procedure: 92%, against 81% for one stage. In cases of sinus lift procedure, the rate of implant success was 98%. The infection rate was 3.5%. There was no significant resorption and the type of prosthesis used was a denture retained by a bar or fixed bridge. In cases of onlay graft, the implant insertion success was 97% and there was no infection. The amount of resorption was more significant in the pre-maxilla than in the other areas and the type of prosthesis used was fixed dentures. Conclusion These observations demonstrate that: the aetiology of the bone defect indicate the type and number of the surgical procedures to re-established good jaws relationship and give the bone conditions to implant insertion successful. Clinical Relevance A guideline for surgical decision in the maxillary reconstruction for oral rehabilitation by implants may help to prevent failures of osseous resorption disorders and to foresee the investment of the bone in quality and necessary quantity.

  8. Mucocele of the sphenoid sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The sphenoid sinus is the least common site of mucocele of all paranasal sinuses. It is very rare in children, especially in those younger than 12 years when pneumatization of the sphenoid sinus is completed. We report a case of histologically proven sphenoidal mucocele in a 5-year-old child. The child presented with an acute onset of significant visual impairment and headache. His vision gradually improved after trans-nasal sphenoidotomy and drainage of the sinus content with return of complete normal baseline vision after 2 months. (orig.)

  9. Mucocele of the sphenoid sinus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haloi, Achyut K.; Ditchfield, Michael [Royal Children' s Hospital, Department of Medical Imaging, Melbourne (Australia); Maixner, Wirginia [Royal Children' s Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Melbourne (Australia)

    2006-09-15

    The sphenoid sinus is the least common site of mucocele of all paranasal sinuses. It is very rare in children, especially in those younger than 12 years when pneumatization of the sphenoid sinus is completed. We report a case of histologically proven sphenoidal mucocele in a 5-year-old child. The child presented with an acute onset of significant visual impairment and headache. His vision gradually improved after trans-nasal sphenoidotomy and drainage of the sinus content with return of complete normal baseline vision after 2 months. (orig.)

  10. Adenocarcinoma of the sphenoid sinus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darouassi, Youssef; Chihani, Mehdi; Touati, Mohamed Mliha; Nadour, Karim; Ammar, Haddou; Bouaity, Brahim

    2014-01-01

    Adenocarcinomas of the sphenoid sinus are exceptional. In this paper, we report a new case with a review of the literature. Our patient was a 45-year-old man who presented with isolated retro orbital headache. CT and MRI suspected a malignat tumor of the sphenoid sinus. The patient underwent a debulking surgery. The final pathology carried out the diagnosis of primary adenocarcinoma. The patient died several months later from radiotherapy complications. Even if adenocarcinomas of the sphenoid sinus are exceptional, they should be considered in the differential diagnosis of sphenoid sinus masses. The prognosis is poor. PMID:25469178

  11. Maxillary second premolar with three canals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A case report of a maxillary second premolar with three canals is presented. The tooth had three roots, mesiobuccal, distobuccal and palatal, each containing a canal. Root canal therapy was performed under aseptic conditions. (author)

  12. Frontal sinus adenocarcinoma

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Márcio, Abrahão; Ana Paula Vieira, Gonçalves; Roberto, Yamashita; Rogério Aparecido, Dedivitis; Rodrigo Oliveira, Santos; Luiz Augusto, Nascimento; Marcelo Luis, Mudo; Fernando Antonio Patriani, Ferraz; Onivaldo, Cervantes.

    2000-07-06

    Full Text Available CONTEXTO: O câncer dos seios paranasais é considerado raro com uma incidência menor que 1 por 100.000 por ano. O seio frontal é o sítio primário em apenas 0,3% dos casos. A seguir relatamos um caso de adenocarcinoma do seio frontal. TIPO DE ESTUDO: Relato de caso. RELATO DO CASO: Paciente do sexo fe [...] minino, 59 anos, secretária, com queixa de quatro meses de cefaléia frontal de leve intensidade (fevereiro de 1998). Negava contato com serragem. Ao exame notava-se um abaulamento frontal à direita, adjacente a borda medial da órbita direita, de característica endurecida. A tomografia computadorizada mostrava um tumor com densidade de partes moles preenchendo o seio frontal com invasão intracraniana através da parede posterior. O seio etmoidal anterior e a borda medial da órbita direita também estava envolvida. A ressonância nuclear magnética demonstrava espessamento dural em comunicação com o tumor. A paciente foi submetida a exérese tumoral em bloco através de craniotomia bicoronal incluindo exenteração orbitária à direita. O exame histopatológico revelou adenocarcinoma. Após a cirurgia a paciente apresentou recidiva tumoral com resposta parcial a radioterapia e quimioterapia. Abstract in english CONTEXT: Paranasal sinus cancer is considered rare, with an incidence of less than 1 per 100,000 per year, with the frontal sinus being the primary site in only 0.3%. We report a case of adenocarcinoma arising in the frontal sinus. DESIGN: Case report. CASE REPORT: A 59-year-old woman, secretary, ca [...] me in February 1998 with a 4-month history of low intensity frontal headache. She denied contact with wood dust. On examination a non-tender swelling was noted over her right forehead next to the medial aspect of the right orbit. CT scan showed a soft-tissue mass involving frontal sinus with intracranial invasion through the posterior wall. The anterior ethmoid sinus and the medial aspect of the right orbit were also involved. MRI demonstrated dural thickening in communication with the frontal mass. She underwent an en-bloc tumor resection by craniotomy including orbital clearance. Histology revealed an adenocarcinoma. After surgery she had tumor recurrence, and chemotherapy and radiotherapy were started resulting in partial improvement.

  13. The Fresh Frozen Bone Allograft (FFBA) to Reconstruct the Atrophic Maxilla: Evaluation of the Clinical and Histological Viability at Six and Nine Months in the Maxillary Sinus / Aloinjerto Óseo Fresco Congelado (FFBA) en la Reconstrucción del Maxilar Atrófico: Evaluación de la Viabilidad Clínica e Histológica a los Seis y Nueve Meses en el Seno Maxilar

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ana Paula F, Bassi; Rogerio Acedo, Vieira; Marisa Akemi, Matsumoto; Iris Monica, Steckelberg; Gabriel, Ramalho-Ferreira; Leonardo Perez, Faverani.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo fue analizar clínica e histológicamente el injerto óseo alógeno a los 6 y 9 meses. Una paciente sexo femenino, leucoderma de 55 años de edad consultó por atención odontológica para la rehabilitación oral con implantes y prótesis fija implanto soportada en el maxilar. Procedimientos de el [...] evación del seno maxilar bilateralmente fueron realizados en la misma paciente, y se hicieron los análisis después del sexto y noveno mes, respectivamente. Al sexto mes, se observó una remodelación ósea deficiente de la región asociada a la presencia de tejido conectivo fibroso en el tejido analizado, demostrando que no era la mejor etapa de maduración óseo para instalar los implantes. Al noveno mes se observo una mejora, con un tejido óseo mas organizado rodeando partículas de hueso homogéneo, el cual posiblemente incrementaría la estabilidad del implante en el momento de la cirugía. No hay dudas respecto del incremento de aplicaciones clínicas del FFBA, pero no hay estudios capaces de estandarizar el tiempo de carga de los implantes instalados sobre aloinjertos. Investigaciones con seguimientos a largo plazo son necesarios para eliminar las preguntas que aun se mantienen sin respuesta. Abstract in english This work aimed to analyze clinically and histologically the allogen bone graft behavior at 6 and 9 months. A leukoderm, female, 55 years old patient sought dental care for oral rehabilitation with dental implants and implant supported fixed prosthesis in the maxilla. Bilateral sinus lifting procedu [...] re were performed in a same patient, the analysis were made after 6 and 9 months, respectively. At 6 months, there was lack of a better bone remodeling in the region, associated to the presence of fibrous connective tissue within the collected tissue, showing us that this is not the best stage of tissue maturation to place dental implants. The 9 months period showed an improvement, with a more organized bone tissue surrounding particles of homogenous bone, what possibly had increased implant stability at the time of surgery. There is no doubt about the increase of clinical applications of FFBA, but there are no studies available regarding the standardization of time to load implants inserted in allografts. So papers with long-term monitoring are necessary to eliminate questions that still remain to be answered.

  14. Treating Sinusitis: Don't Rush to Antibiotics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Treating Sinusitis (AAAAI) Don’t rush to antibiotics DOWNLOAD PDF The sinuses are small, hollow spaces inside the head. ... allergies. The medical name for sinus problems is sinusitis. Sinus problems can be very uncomfortable. You may ...

  15. Maxillary Mucocele with Orbital Floor Remodelling

    OpenAIRE

    Tahrina Salam; Maryam Zamani; Jane Olver

    2012-01-01

    A 79-year-old man presents with signs of an orbital mass. A CT scan revealed a large maxillary mucocele eroding through the orbital floor. Surgical drainage of the mucocele and conservative postoperative care, returned all ophthalmic signs to normal and bony remodelling of the orbital floor was demonstrated. Maxillary mucoceles should be assessed by both ENT and Ophthalmic surgeons. Postoperative remodelling of the orbital floor can be illustrated with serial CT Scans.

  16. Management of maxillary alveolar process fractures

    OpenAIRE

    Shukhrat Boymuradov

    2011-01-01

    Incidence of maxillofacial traumas is reported steadily increasing, maxillary fractures being extremely severe. Maxillary alveolar process (AP) and front teeth are traumatized more frequently than any other parts of the maxilla. Deprivation of teeth and AP post-traumatic flaw as well as loss of alveolar height not only create a cosmetic defect but also complicate subsequent prosthetics of the patients. The work was initiated to assess efficacy of “CollapAn L” in comparison with a combinat...

  17. Macrodontic maxillary incisor in alagille syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Cozzani, Mauro; Fontana, Mattia

    2012-01-01

    This case report describes the surgical-orthodontic guided-eruption of a deeply impacted macrodontic maxillary central incisor in a 10-year-old patient with Alagille syndrome (ALGS). In the first stage, orthodontic treatment with fixed appliance on deciduous teeth allowed to create enough space for the eruption of the maxillary right central incisor. The second stage included closed surgical exposure and vertical traction. After impacted tooth erupted in the proper position, accessory periodo...

  18. Expression of cysLT1 and cysLT2 Receptor in Chronic Hyperplastic Eosinophilic Sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Elevated production of cysteinyl leukotrienes (cysLTs) from sinus tissues and abundant sinus eosinophils are characteristic features of chronic hyperplastic eosinophilic sinusitis (CHS). CysLTs exert their action through G-protein-coupled receptors named cysLTs receptor type I (cysLT1R) and type II (cysLT2R). These expressions of cysLT receptors in the sinus mucosa have yet to be clarified and the relationship between eosinophilia and the expression of these receptors remains obscure. We compared the expressions of cysLT1R and cysLT2R in the sinus mucosa in patients with CHS, non-eosinophilic chronic sinusitis (NECS), and control sinus tissues; and analyzed the correlation between the expression of CysLTRs and the presence of sinus eosinophils by immunohistochemistry and real-time PCR. A significantly higher percentage of eosinophils expressing cysLT2R protein was observed in patients with CHS compared with NECS and controls. In addition, cysLT2R mRNA expression in CHS was significantly higher than in NECS and controls. Furthermore, a positive correlation was observed between cysLT2R mRNA expression and the number of infiltrated eosinophils. In contrast, the cysLT1R mRNA expression did not differ significantly among these groups. The effect of cysLTs on sinus eosinophils may be mediated through the cysLT2R in patients with CHS. These results may suggest the therapeutic benefit of cysLT2R antagonists in CHS

  19. Graft-Free Sinus Augmentation Procedure: a Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ginnady Pinchasov

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The restoration of edentulous posterior maxilla with dental implants is challenging due to a deficient posterior alveolar ridge. Over the last decade an advance in the graftless bone augmentation procedures had occurred where the space left beneath the Schneiderian membrane is filled with blood clot in order to produce bone formation. The aim of present article is to review the scientific literature with respect to bone formation in the sinus, after membrane elevation procedure, without using any bone substitutes. Material and Methods: A comprehensive review of the current literature was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines by accessing the NCBI PubMed database. The articles were searched from 1993 to 2013. English language articles with minimum one year patient follow-up and radiological and/or histological diagnostics of newly formed bone were included. Articles were excluded, if usage of bone graft or bone substitutes and/or usage of osteotome has been made during sinus lift operation. Results: A total of 19 studies were included: 2 studies were related to the sinus membrane’s osteogenic potential, 3 to the histological evidence of bone formation in monkeys and humans, 12 to the radiologic evidence of bone gain, and 2 to the space-maintaining management. 100% of the reviewed articles presented with increased bone formation and high implant survival rates resulting from the graft-free technique. Conclusions: It is clearly shown in the review that the potential of the maxillary sinus to heal and to form new bone without bone grafts or substitutes is of high nature.

  20. Treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma and carcinoma of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This course will address the primary and adjuvant role of ionizing radiation in the management of nasopharyngeal, nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancers. Nasopharynx: Primary irradiation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma is technically challenging because of its proximity to the base of skull and central nervous system. Careful planning and an in-depth understanding of skull-base anatomy, patterns of local-regional spread and radiation tolerance of brain, spinal cord, optic nerves and retina are required. The theoretical advantages of three-dimensional planning and delivery of dose with modulated-intensity x-ray beams and protons, though promising, remain unsubstantiated. What has been established is that non-keratinizing WHO 2 and 3 cancers of the nasopharynx are more radiocurable than keratinizing ones and that chemotherapy in addition to radiation, though toxic, improves disease-free survival. The limited role of surgery and retreatment by external beam and endocavity brachytherapy will be discussed. Nasal Cavity: Radiation alone is preferentially used for cancers within the vestibule of the external nose because of its cosmetic importance and the impossible task of reconstructing it after rhinectomy. Cancers of the nasal cavity often behave like paranasal sinus cancers and require resection with adjuvant pre- or postoperative irradiation. Techniques of interrstitial implantation and external irradiation of the nose will be described. Paranasal Sinus: Radiation is usedcribed. Paranasal Sinus: Radiation is used before or after surgery for resectable cancers of the paranasal sinus or as a single modality for unresectable ones. Those which involve the maxillary suprastructure are irradiated with ethmoido-maxillary technique while those of the infrastructure, are irradiated with a classic wedge-pair technique. Dose escalation is limited by the tolerance of the retina, optic nerves and brain

  1. Cirugía endoscópica en niños y adolescentes con rinosinusitis: Perfil inmunológico y bacteriológico / Endoscopic sinus surgery in children and adolescent with rhino sinusitis: Immunologic and bacteriologic profile

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    María José, Herrera J; Gloria, Ribalta L.

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La rinosinusitis, corresponde a un grupo de desórdenes que se caracteriza por la inflamación de la mucosa tanto de cavidades paranasales (CPN) como de fosas nasales. Está determinada por factores del huésped y ambientales que interactúan causando un estado inflamatorio persistente que [...] produce remodelación de la mucosa. Entre éstos se destacan la alergia y otras alteraciones inmunológicas junto con la colonización por agentes infecciosos. Objetivo: Determinar las características demográficas, clínicas, inmunológicas y agentes infecciosos involucrados en la rinosinusitis crónica (RSC) y rinosinusitis aguda (RSA) recurrente de niños y adolescentes sometidos a cirugía endoscópica funcional (CEF). Establecer las posibles asociaciones de estas características con la necesidad de reoperación y la recurrencia de la enfermedad. Material y método: Estudio retrospectivo observacional en que se evalúan 28 niños y adolescentes sometidos a CEF en el servicio de ORL de Clínica Las Condes durante los años 2000 a 2009. Todos los pacientes contaban con estudio inmunológico y test cutáneo preoperatorio más biopsia de mucosa de CPN y cultivos intraoperatorios de secreción de CPN. Los análisis estadísticos se realizaron con test de Anova para los análisis descriptivos y para el análisis de grupos el test de Fisher. Considerando como significativo un p Abstract in english Introduction: Rhino sinusitis is a group of disorders characterized by inflammation of the mucosa of both sinuses and nostrils. It is determined by environmental and host factors that interact causing a persistent inflammatory condition that causes remodeling of the mucosa. Chief among these are all [...] ergy and other immune disorders with colonization by infectious agents. Aim: To determine the demographic, clinical, immunologic and infectious agents involved in chronic Rhino sinusitis (CRS) and Recurrent Acute Rhino sinusitis (RAR) in children and adolescents undergoing functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Establish the possible associations of these characteristics with the need for re operation and recurrence of the disease. Material and method: Retrospective observational study that evaluated 28 children and adolescents involved in the ENT department at Clínica Las Condes, Santiago, Chile during the years 2000 to 2009. All study patients had preoperative Prick test, immune workout and intraoperative Para nasal mucosal biopsy and cultures of Para nasal secretion. Statistical analysis was performed using ANOVA test for descriptive analysis and cluster analysis with Fisher Exact test. Results were considered significant with p

  2. Variações anatômicas e sinusopatias: estudo por tomografia computadorizada Anatomical variations and sinusitis: a computed tomographic study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcio M. Kinsui

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: A tomografia computadorizada tem sido cada vez mais utilizada para a identificação e avaliação das variações anatômicas das cavidades nasais que podem levar às sinusites. Objetivo: Avaliar, por meio da tomografia computadorizada, a incidência de espessamento mucoso nos seios paranasais de pacientes com sintomas de sinusite e a correlação entre sinusopatias e presença de célula de Haller, concha média bolhosa e desvio de septo nasal localizado no meato médio. Forma de Estudo: Clínico retrospectivo. Material e Método: Foram avaliadas retrospectivamente 150 tomografias computadorizadas de seios paranasais de pacientes com idade igual ou superior a 13 anos, realizadas no Departamento de Diagnóstico por Imagem da Universidade Federal de São Paulo - Escola Paulista de Medicina, no período de julho de 1999 a outubro de 2001. Foram excluídos os exames de pacientes com pós-operatório de cirurgias de seios paranasais e de base de crânio, além dos portadores de lesões tumorais envolvendo estas regiões. Resultados: 70% dos pacientes apresentavam espessamento mucoso em pelo menos um dos seios paranasais. Observou-se a freqüência de 52,7% de sinusopatia maxilar, 28,0% de etmoidal, 13,0% de esfenoidal e 8,3% de frontal. Concha média bolhosa foi encontrada em 33,3% das cavidades nasais, desvio de septo nasal localizado no meato médio em 23,3% e célula de Haller em 9,3%. Conclusões: Os seios paranasais mais freqüentemente acometidos foram, em ordem decrescente: maxilar, etmoidal, esfenoidal e frontal. Não foi observado correlação entre sinusopatias e presença de célula de Haller, concha média bolhosa e desvio de septo nasal localizado no meato médio.Introduction: Computed tomography has been increasingly used both to identify and to evaluate anatomy variations of nasal cavities that can lead to the development of sinusitis. Purpose: The purpose of the present study is to determine the incidence of mucosal abnormalities in paranasal sinuses found in CT scans of patients with symptons of sinusitis and analyze the correlation between sinusitis and presence of Haller's cell, concha bullosa and nasal septal deviation located in middle meatus. Study Design: Clinical retrospective. Material and Method: Paranasal sinus CT scans were obtained in 150 patients aged 13 years or more, from July 1999 to October 2001. The CT scans were performed in the Department of Radiology of Universidade Federal de São Paulo - Escola Paulista de Medicina. Patients with history of skull base or sinus surgery and tumor in these regions were excluded. Results: 70% of patients present mucosal abnormalities at least in one paranasal sinus. Maxillary sinusitis were observed in 52,7% of sinus, ethmoidal sinusitis in 28,0%, sphenoidal sinusitis in 13,0% and frontal sinusitis in 8,3%. Concha bullosa was observed in 33,3% of nasal cavities, nasal septal deviation (located in middle meatus in 23,3% and Haller's cell in 9,3%. Conclusions: The most affected paranasal sinuses were: maxillary, ethmoid, sphenoid and frontal. Correlation between sinusitis and presence of Haller's cell, concha bullosa and nasal septal deviation (located in middle meatus was not observed.

  3. Variações anatômicas e sinusopatias: estudo por tomografia computadorizada / Anatomical variations and sinusitis: a computed tomographic study

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marcio M., Kinsui; Arnaldo, Guilherme; Hélio K., Yamashita.

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: A tomografia computadorizada tem sido cada vez mais utilizada para a identificação e avaliação das variações anatômicas das cavidades nasais que podem levar às sinusites. Objetivo: Avaliar, por meio da tomografia computadorizada, a incidência de espessamento mucoso nos seios paranasais d [...] e pacientes com sintomas de sinusite e a correlação entre sinusopatias e presença de célula de Haller, concha média bolhosa e desvio de septo nasal localizado no meato médio. Forma de Estudo: Clínico retrospectivo. Material e Método: Foram avaliadas retrospectivamente 150 tomografias computadorizadas de seios paranasais de pacientes com idade igual ou superior a 13 anos, realizadas no Departamento de Diagnóstico por Imagem da Universidade Federal de São Paulo - Escola Paulista de Medicina, no período de julho de 1999 a outubro de 2001. Foram excluídos os exames de pacientes com pós-operatório de cirurgias de seios paranasais e de base de crânio, além dos portadores de lesões tumorais envolvendo estas regiões. Resultados: 70% dos pacientes apresentavam espessamento mucoso em pelo menos um dos seios paranasais. Observou-se a freqüência de 52,7% de sinusopatia maxilar, 28,0% de etmoidal, 13,0% de esfenoidal e 8,3% de frontal. Concha média bolhosa foi encontrada em 33,3% das cavidades nasais, desvio de septo nasal localizado no meato médio em 23,3% e célula de Haller em 9,3%. Conclusões: Os seios paranasais mais freqüentemente acometidos foram, em ordem decrescente: maxilar, etmoidal, esfenoidal e frontal. Não foi observado correlação entre sinusopatias e presença de célula de Haller, concha média bolhosa e desvio de septo nasal localizado no meato médio. Abstract in english Introduction: Computed tomography has been increasingly used both to identify and to evaluate anatomy variations of nasal cavities that can lead to the development of sinusitis. Purpose: The purpose of the present study is to determine the incidence of mucosal abnormalities in paranasal sinuses foun [...] d in CT scans of patients with symptons of sinusitis and analyze the correlation between sinusitis and presence of Haller's cell, concha bullosa and nasal septal deviation located in middle meatus. Study Design: Clinical retrospective. Material and Method: Paranasal sinus CT scans were obtained in 150 patients aged 13 years or more, from July 1999 to October 2001. The CT scans were performed in the Department of Radiology of Universidade Federal de São Paulo - Escola Paulista de Medicina. Patients with history of skull base or sinus surgery and tumor in these regions were excluded. Results: 70% of patients present mucosal abnormalities at least in one paranasal sinus. Maxillary sinusitis were observed in 52,7% of sinus, ethmoidal sinusitis in 28,0%, sphenoidal sinusitis in 13,0% and frontal sinusitis in 8,3%. Concha bullosa was observed in 33,3% of nasal cavities, nasal septal deviation (located in middle meatus) in 23,3% and Haller's cell in 9,3%. Conclusions: The most affected paranasal sinuses were: maxillary, ethmoid, sphenoid and frontal. Correlation between sinusitis and presence of Haller's cell, concha bullosa and nasal septal deviation (located in middle meatus) was not observed.

  4. Expression of Epstein-Barr virus in children with sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus determined by immunohistochemical methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karaku?, Esra; Kaçar, Ayper; Karaku?, Resul; Mambet, Ervin; Senayl?, Atilla

    2014-04-24

    In this study, we probed whether chronic infections of skin such as pilonidal sinus could be a potential site of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) replication. Pilonidal sinus is associated with a high recurrence rate. Therefore, we decided to determine the role of EBV's presence to explain whether it is correlated with the recurrence of pilonidal sinuses. This study was conducted on 36 patient samples with sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus. Samples were immunohistochemically stained for EBV, CD3 and CD20 expression. Thirty-six adolescents with pilonidal disease were evaluated. EBV-positive cells were located in dermis with high inflammatory activity. EBV-positive cells stained positive for the B-cell antigen CD20 and were detected in 10 of 36 (27%) pilonidal sinus specimens. Among those who had experienced a relapse, three were positive for EBV expression. In addition, EBV expression was detected in eight cases with severe inflammation, and in two with minimal or moderate inflammation. Our study advances the field by demonstrating that similar to gastrointestinal mucosa, skin could be a reservoir for EBV. EBV was found to be restricted to B cells in skin lesions, and it was found that skin lesions with severe inflammation showed higher frequency of EBV expression in comparison to minimal or moderately inflammed skin lesions. Additionally, recurrence was more frequently observed among EBV-positive cases. These findings point out for a role of EBV infection in the recurrence of pilonidal sinuses. PMID:24758314

  5. Frontal sinus osteoma with osteoblastoma-like histology and associated intracranial pneumatocele.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehmer, Larisa M; Kissel, Phillip; Ragsdale, Bruce D

    2012-09-01

    Osteomas of the cranial sinuses are rare, benign bony tumors that can be complicated by the formation of an intracranial pneumatocele. If not treated promptly, a pneumatocele can lead to abscess formation, meningitis, or ventriculitis. In the present case, an intracerebral pneumatocele was formed when an 18 cm(3) osteoma breached the posterior wall of the frontal sinus creating a one-way valve through which air could enter the intracranial cavity. The patient presented after forceful sneezing with nonspecific symptoms of headache, nausea, and vomiting. CT demonstrated a frontal collection of loculated air with mass effect within the left cerebral hemisphere. A partly mineralized mass occupied the left superior nasal ethmoid sinus and left frontal sinus. Of interest pathologically in this case, the tumor had a substantial osteoblastoma-like component. Surgical repair involved frontal craniotomy to remove the osteoma and debride frontal sinus mucosa, plugging the frontal nasal ducts and sinus with fat and bone wax, and dural restoration using an underwater closed drainage system to vent intracranial air and stabilize the patient. PMID:22274656

  6. Platelet Rich Fibrin (P.R.F. in Reconstructive Surgery of Atrophied Maxillary Bones: Clinical and Histological Evaluations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Tatullo, Massimo Marrelli, Michele Cassetta, Andrea Pacifici, Luigi Vito Stefanelli, Salvatore Scacco, Gianna Dipalma, Luciano Pacifici, Francesco Inchingolo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Maxillary bone losses often require additional regenerative procedures: as a supplement to the procedures of tissue regeneration, a platelet concentrate called PRF (Platelet Rich Fibrin was tested for the first time in France by Dr. Choukroun.Aim of the present study is to investigate, clinically and histologically, the potential use of PRF, associated with deproteinized bovine bone (Bio-Oss, as grafting materials in pre-implantology sinus grafting of severe maxillary atrophy, in comparison with a control group, in which only deproteinized bovine bone (Bio-Oss was used as reconstructive material.Materials and Methods. 60 patients were recruited using the cluster-sampling method; inclusion criteria were maxillary atrophy with residual ridge < 5mm. The major atrophies in selected patients involved sinus-lift, with a second-look reopening for the implant insertion phase. The used grafting materials were: a Bio-Oss and b amorphous and membranous PRF together with Bio-Oss. We performed all operations by means of piezosurgery in order to reduce trauma and to optimize the design of the operculum on the cortical bone. The reopening of the surgical area was scheduled at 3 different times.Results. 72 sinus lifts were performed with subsequent implants insertions.We want to underline how the histological results proved that the samples collected after 106 days (Early protocol with the adding of PRF were constituted by lamellar bone tissue with an interposed stroma that appeared relaxed and richly vascularized.Conclusions. The use of PRF and piezosurgery reduced the healing time, compared to the 150 days described in literature, favoring optimal bone regeneration. At 106 days, it is already possible to achieve good primary stability of endosseous implants, though lacking of functional loading.

  7. Sinusitis with eosinophilic otitis media

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eosinophilic otitis media is an intractable inflammation of the middle ear combined with bronchial asthma. According to a national epidemiological investigation on eosinophilic otitis media, it is assumed that eosinophilic otitis media are combined with sinusitis in about 74% of their cases. On the other hand, organizational images of eosinophilic otitis media and eosinophilic sinusitis are similar, and steroid therapy is effective together, and it is thought that they are involved in the idea of one airway one disease, but the details of sinusitis combined with the eosinophilic otitis media are unidentified. Therefore, we examined the kinds of the sinusitis combined with eosinophilic otitis media. We diagnosed 18 cases (male: 2 cases, female: 16 cases) (average age: 54.6 years old) as eosinophilic otitis media according to the diagnostic criteria. And, by the CT views of a paranasal sinus, blood tests, existence of the nasal polyp, etc, we investigated the kinds of sinusitis combined with eosinophilic otitis media. It turned out that bronchial asthma was combined with eosinophilic otitis media in 17 of 18 cases (airway hypersensitivity did sthenia of one case, but the asthma did not yet developed), and 6 cases were combined with aspirin induced asthma (AIA), and 3 cases were combined with Churg-Strauss syndromes (CSS). 10 case (55.6%) of 17 eosinophilic otitis media were combined with eosinophilic sinusitis. And 4 cases (22.2%) of 17 eosinophilic otitis media were co%) of 17 eosinophilic otitis media were combined with chronic sinusitis, 4 cases (22.2%) of 17 eosinophilic otitis media were not combined with sinusitis. We concluded that eosinophilic otitis media was not always combined with eosinophilic sinusitis. The idea of one airway one disease was not applied to this examination. (author)

  8. Case report of Schizophyllum commune sinusitis in an immunocompetent patient / Informe de un caso de sinusitis por Schizophyllum commune en enfermo inmuno-competente

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Luz Ángela, Castro; María Inés, Álvarez; Ernesto, Martínez.

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Schizophyllum commune es un hongo basidiomiceto con una amplia distribución en la naturaleza, que con poca frecuencia causa enfermedad infecciosa. Se informa el aislamiento de este moho, en un paciente inmuno-competente de 46 años con sinusitis crónica tratada previamente con múltiples antibióticos [...] y esteroides tópicos nasales. Por una antrostomía maxilar izquierda se obtuvo una muestra que en el examen directo con KOH y tinciones histopatológicas, mostró hifas septadas hialinas con conexiones en asa. En agar Sabouraud creció un moho blanco que por sus características macroscópicas y microscópicas se identificó como S. commune. El paciente fue tratado con itraconazol y después de cuatro meses hubo resolución de las manifestaciones clínicas. A pesar de su baja frecuencia, este hongo se debe considerar como posible patógeno, en especial en muestras de senos paranasales. Abstract in english Schizophyllum commune is a basidiomycete fungus with broad distribution in nature; however, it is a rare cause of infectious disease. We report the isolation of this mould in a 46 year-old immunocompetent patient with chronic sinusitis previously treated with multiple antibiotics and topical nasal s [...] teroids. Material obtained via a left maxillary sinus antrostomy showed septate hyaline hyphae with clamp connections on direct examination with KOH and histopathological studies. Further growth on Sabouraud agar produced a white mould that, based on its microscopic and macroscopic characteristics, was identified as S. commune. Despite its low frequency, this fungus should be considered a possible pathogen, particularly in samples obtained from paranasal sinuses.

  9. Maxillary all-on-four therapy using angled implants: a 16-month clinical study of 1110 implants in 276 jaws.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graves, Stuart; Mahler, Brian A; Javid, Ben; Armellini, Debora; Jensen, Ole T

    2011-10-01

    The maxilla is a challenging area for dental implant restoration. Encroachment of anatomic structures such as the sinus and nasal floor make vertical placement difficult. Implants placed at an angle may be used to avoid these anatomic structures or eliminate the need for a bone grafting procedure. The question occasionally arises about the possible detrimental effects of placing implants at an angle. This article reviews relevant literature, presents two case reports on maxillary angled implants and presents 3 years of data on 276 All-on-Four restorations. PMID:21933732

  10. Rinossinusite nosocomial em unidade de terapia intensiva: estudo microbiológico Nosocomial sinusitis in an intensive care unit: a microbiological study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Lopes Balsalobre Filho

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Rinossinusite Nosocomial é uma complicação frequente de pacientes tratados em UTI. É importante o diagnóstico e tratamento precoce para prevenir complicações graves como pneumonia, sepse, meningite e abscesso intracraniano. OBJETIVO: Identificar os agentes causadores de sinusite em UTI através do swab nasal e da punção de seio maxilar, correlacionando seus resultados. MÉTODO: Pacientes atendidos nas unidades de terapia intensiva com diagnóstico tomográfico de sinusopatia maxilar uni ou bilateral foram submetidos ao swab nasal e punção do seio acometido com material enviado para cultura e antibiograma. RESULTADOS: O presente estudo avaliou 22 pacientes. Houve concordância entre o agente microbiano isolado no swab e na punção em 14 dos 22 casos (63%. A flora aeróbia gram negativa foi a mais encontrada com predomínio da Pseudomonas aeruginosa (29% nas punções, seguido de Proteus mirabillis (26% e Acinetobacter baumanni (14%. Houve alto índice de resistência aos antibióticos usados. CONCLUSÃO: A punção direta do seio maxilar acometido em pacientes em UTI com sinusite parece ser o melhor método para identificar os agentes bacterianos e, através do seu antibiograma, direcionar a conduta terapêutica antimicrobiana. O swab mostrou ter pouco valor diagnóstico, com concordância de 63%, podendo ser reservado para casos onde a punção está contraindicada.Nosocomial sinusitis is a common complication of patients in ICUs. Its diagnosis is important, and early treatment is required to avoid serious complications such as pneumonia, sepsis, meningitis, and intracranial abscesses. AIM: To identify the germs causing sinusitis in ICUs by nasal swabs and maxillary sinus puncture, and to correlate these results. METHODS: ICU patients with a diagnosis (CT confirmed of maxillary sinusitis underwent nasal swab and puncture of the sinus to collect material for culture and antibiogram. RESULTS: This study evaluated 22 patients. The microbial agent isolated in the swab correlated with the agent in the puncture in 14 of 22 cases (63%. Gram-negative bacteria were the most frequent, as follows: Pseudomonas aeruginosa (29% of punctures, following by Proteus mirabillis (26% and Acinetobacter baumanni (14%. The resistance index in the antibiogram was high to antibiotics. CONCLUSION: Maxillary sinus puncture of ICU patients with sinusitis appears to be the best method for identifying bacteria; antibiograms demonstrate resistance to therapy. The swab has little diagnostic value; the correlation was 63%. It may be used when sinus puncture is contraindicated.

  11. Squamous cell carcinoma arising from pilonidal sinus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandey, Mithilesh K; Gupta, Puneet; Khanna, Ajay K

    2014-08-01

    Pilonidal sinus is usually present in the sacrococcygeal region. The common presentations are cellulitis, abscess or sinus. Rarely malignant change may be seen in chronic pilonidal sinus. We report a case of chronic pilonidal sinus complicated with squamous cell carcinoma. PMID:23050944

  12. Radiographic follow-up evaluation of sinus augmentation with deproteinized bovine bone and implant installation after loading

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Park Jun-Beom

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Computed tomography (CT has been used in diagnosis and implant treatment, and CT can be used to assess the dimensional stability of graft materials after maxillary sinus augmentation. A 50-year-old male patient was treated for the simultaneous placement of implants with sinus augmentation and two post-operative CT scans were performed after the delivery of the prosthesis at 9 months and 15 months after the operation. There were no significant changes in alveolar bone height and the buccal window seemed to show remodeling over time. The continuity of the defect and the cortication were apparent in the 15-month post-operative CT scan. Implants installed simultaneously with sinus augmentation were well in function and the graft material seemed to be stable in maintaining tissue dimensions after the loading of the implants. The presented results need to be validated in further large case series or case-controlled studies.

  13. [Surgical obliteration in the patients presenting with post-traumatic changes in the frontal sinus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ianborisov, T M

    2012-01-01

    The objective of the present study was to develop indications for the surgical obliteration of the frontal sinus (FS) and evaluation of the results of this treatment in the patients with pathological conditions in FS resulting from an injury. A total of 49 patients (19 women and 30 men) aged from 16 to 72 years with various post-traumatic pathologies affecting the frontal sinus were examined and treated. The time span between receiving the injury and admittance to the hospital varied from 3 months to 18 years. Forty four (89.8%) patients of the 44 enrolled in the study underwent obliterative surgery. During the follow-up period, 38 (86.4%) patients of the 44 had no complaints and were completely satisfied with the cosmetic outcome of the treatment. The following conclusions were drawn from the results of this study. (1) preoperative examination of the patients suffering the consequences of an injury to the frontal sinus must include CT and MRI for the determination of the changes that do not allow to preserve FS intact as an air cavity. (2) the indications for obliterative surgery on the frontal sinus include lateral localization of mucocele, nasal liquorrhea through the frontal sinus, extensive cicatrical and/or bony obliteration of the frontal ostium, extensive lesions of FS mucosa and inefficient FS draining by the median drainage technique for the treatment of polypous pansinusitis. (3) the surgical approach for frontal sinus obliteration depends on the character of traumatic skin changes in the frontal region and the size of the sinus. (4) MRI of paranasal sinuses in the postoperative period is of high informative value for both the estimation of the transplant state and the diagnostics of complications. PMID:23268247

  14. Aggressiv fibromatose i sinus frontalis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Godballe, Christian; Jensen, SØren Gade

    2009-01-01

    Aggressive fibromatosis (AF) is a benign tumour with expansive and locally invasive growth. It is very rarely seen in the head and neck area. We present a 52-year-old female patient with AF localized to the left frontal sinus. The condition was initially mistaken for chronic sinusitis however computed tomography indicated tumour. A biopsy showed AF and the patient received surgical treatment. Symptoms, signs and treatment are discussed. It is concluded that AF in the sino-nasal tract is a rare, but potentially life threatening condition which might be mistaken for a simple sinusitis. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Jan-26

  15. Expansão cirúrgica da maxila / Surgical maxillary expansion

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Eduardo, Sant' Ana; Marcos, Janson; Érika Uliam, Kuriki; Renato Yassutaka F., Yaedú.

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Embora a expansão rápida da maxila possa ser considerada um procedimento ortodôntico eficaz e amplamente utilizado na correção da deficiência transversa maxilar em crianças e pacientes adolescentes jovens, seu prognóstico não se apresenta muito favorável na correção dessa condição oclusal em pacient [...] es adultos ou no final da adolescência. Nesses pacientes, a correção da deficiência transversa pode ser realizada com sucesso através da intervenção cirúrgica, seja por meio da expansão assistida ou da osteotomia multissegmentada da maxila. Abstract in english Although the maxillary expansion may be considered a orthodontic procedure efficient and widely used in the maxillary transverse deficiency correction in children and young adolescent patients, its prognostic is not very favorable in the correction of this occlusal condition in adults or patients in [...] the adolescence end. In these patients the correction of this transverse deficiency may be successfully conducted by means of the surgical intervention, either through the assisted expansion or the multi-segmented maxillary osteotomy.

  16. Headache induced by isolated sphenoid fungal sinusitis: sinus headache?

    OpenAIRE

    Kwon, Moon Oh; Kim, Kyung Soo

    2009-01-01

    In this article, we report a case of isolated sphenoid fungal sinusitis which only presented as headache. We review the literature of this rare but interesting lesion according to the revised 2004 IHS diagnostic criteria for “Headache attributed to Rhinosinusitis”.

  17. Anatomic Variants of Paranasal Sinuses and Chronic Sinusitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Bakhshandeh

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Background/Objectives: There are normal anatomic varian ts of paranasal structures, with concha bullosa (pneumatization of the middle tur binate and septal deviation being the most common. It is assumed that these anatomic varian ts contribute to chronic sinusitis by blocking normal sinus drainage. This study investigat ed this assumption among the chronic sinusitis patients referring to Radiology departments affiliated to Medical Sciences universities. Patients and Methods: A case-control study was carried o ut on 148 patients with a clinical diagnosis of chronic sinusitis who were referre d for a sinus CT scan by ENT specialists. The control group (n= 78 were chosen from the ENT clinic patients with diagnoses other than sinusitis. The association between the anatomic variants (concha bullosa of inferior and middle turbinate, agger nasi cell, haller cell, gian t ethmoidal bulla, septal deviation and inverted uncinate process and existence of chronic sinusitis was shown wi th odds ratio( OR and 95% confidence interval. Logistic regression analy sis was performed for adjusting the confounders. Results: One hundred and eight (47.8 % patients were male. The mean ( ±SD age was 35.5 (±12 years. No difference was seen in the age and gender distribution between the cases and controls. Septal deviation and concha bullo sa of middle turbinate were the anatomic variants significantly associated with chronic sinusitis (respectively OR= 2.04, CI: 1.07-3.89; and OR= 2.19, CI: 1.12-4.30. Besides, we found that agger nasi cell (OR: 0.7, CI: 0.64-0.77 and inverted uncinate process (OR: 4.76, CI: 1.92-2 4.5 were associated with the occurrence of ethmoidal and frontal sinusitis, respectively. No confounding effect was seen on logistic regression analysis. Conclusion: Normal anatomic variants of paranasal sinuses may be considered as predictors for the occurrence of chronic sinusitis. The posit ive effect of any procedure for correction of these variants should be shown through other studies.

  18. Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartel, Marcin; Kluczewska, Ewa; Gancarczyk-Urlik, Eliza; Pierzcha?a, Krystyna; Bie?, Karolina; Zastawnik, Anna

    2015-02-01

    Diagnostic imaging in cerebral venous sinus thrombosis poses difficulties due to the relatively rare incidence of this pathology and its usually inconclusive clinical and radiological symptoms. The preliminary examination is usually performed using computed tomography, whereas magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides better visualisation of the lesion. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging angiography enable the characterisation of the blood flow in the pathologically affected vessels in more detail. Familiarity with the anatomic variations of the venous system and with the advantages and limitations of computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging enables faster diagnosis of the pathology. This is significant for treatment, which, in many cases, can be efficient only if introduced at a sufficiently early stage. PMID:24642633

  19. Silent Sinus Syndrome: A Retrospective Review of 11 Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karima DARGHAL

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The purpose of this study is to describe the clinical and radiological features of SSS, and to review therapeutic possibilities and their outcomes.Patients and Methods: Retrospective observational case series in the department of Arthur Vernes Institute between Mars 2007 and  Novembre 2012. Clinical records, including ophthalmology and otolaryngology evaluations as well as computed tomography scans and operative reports, were carefully examined. A literature review for relevant studies was performed to examine similar cases.Results: Eleven cases of  SSS were identified. Nine men and two women (sex ratio 4.5, aged between 23 and 54 years (mean, 30 years. there was 3 to 4 mm enophthalmos in 10 cases (90.9%, and hypoglobus in all cases, with no effect on visual function. In all 11 cases, the maxillary roof (orbital floor was drawn downwards, and the one or more walls of the maxilla were concave. In 4 cases septal deviation was present. 8 patients (72.7% underwent endoscopic sinus surgery, while 3 refused it. Septoplasty was performed in 4 cases (36.3%.Conclusion: The silent sinus syndrome is a rare entity. It mainly presents as unilateral enophthalmos in younger people and has very characteristic clinical and radiologic signs.This case series reports our diagnostic and therapeutic experience with this syndrome.

  20. Tuberculosis en senos paranasales / Tuberculosis in paranasal sinuses

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mireysi, Calás Rosales; Marelis, Veranes García; Joaquín, López González; Haidee, Marrero Rodríguez; Ilena, Silva Reyes.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente de 56 años de edad, ingresado en el Servicio de Neumología del Hospital General Docente "Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso" de Santiago de Cuba, quien refería que desde hacía 2 años presentaba obstrucción nasal del lado izquierdo que había progresado a ambas fos [...] as nasales, con protrusión del globo ocular del mismo lado, así como dolor de moderada intensidad en la región cervical que limitaba los movimientos en esta región. Se tomaron muestras para biopsia del pólipo en el seno maxilar, cuyos resultados corroboraron la presencia de una enfermedad granulomatosa de origen tuberculoso en los senos paranasales, para lo cual se prescribió la categoría 1 de tratamiento con los 4 medicamentos establecidos a los efectos Abstract in english The case report of a 56 year-old patient is presented, admitted in the Pneumology Service from "Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso" Teaching General Hospital in Santiago de Cuba who presented nasal obstruction of the left side since 2 years ago, which had progressed to both nasal cavities, with protrusion [...] of the eye ball of the same side, as well as moderate pain in the cervical region that limited the movements in this region. Samples of the polyp for biopsy ere taken in the maxillary sinus, which results corroborated the presence of a granulomatous disease of tuberculous origin in the paranasal sinuses, for which the category 1 of treatment was prescribed with the 4 drugs for this condition

  1. CAVERNOUS SINUS THROMBOPHLEBITIS. CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. I. Navazo Eguía

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST is a rare but serious condition. It can be caused byinfectious or noninfectious processes. In septic thrombosis, the primary infection is often thesinusitis or facial beating infections.CASE REPORT: A 23 year old woman, treated with oral contraceptives, is submitted bypresenting headache, fever, right conjunctival congestion, diplopia, bilateral eyelid edemaand decreased level of consciousness. Neurologic examination: parexia right sixth cranialnerve. Lumbar puncture normal. TAC: breakage and hypodensity in the right upper first molar,occupation sinus, with disruption of the posterior wall of the right sphenoid sinus. Angio-MRI:Breast occupation rights and alteration of the clivus with hypointense signal in T1, signal gainand poor definition of cavernous sinuses. Hematological: Hypercoagulability. Blood culture:Fusobacterium nucleatum. Treatment: anticoagulation, third-generation cephalosporins,metronidazole and antistaphylococcal penicillins. Review: minimum limitation of right eyeabduction.

  2. Fibromyxoma of the frontal sinus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdo?an, Banu Atalay; Alt?n, Gökhan; Paksoy, Mustafa; Sanl?, Arif; Kibar, Sermin; Ba?ak, Kayhan

    2012-01-01

    Fibromyxomas are uncommonly encountered pathologies in the head and neck region. They are slow growing, which result in expansion of the surrounding bony cortices. In this article, we report an extremely rare case of frontal sinus fibromyxoma which occluded the frontal sinus and expanded anterior ethmoid cells and nasal dorsum. Initially, it was suspected to be a mucocele. Surgical resection with a wide excision was performed and it was diagnosed as fibromyxoma, histopathologically. PMID:22991992

  3. [Dermal sinus: a neurosurgical emergency].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lallemant, P; Forin, V

    2015-03-01

    Spinal dysraphisms include various types of congenital malformations. About 10% are dermal sinuses, i.e., a connection between the skin elements and intradural space through an open tract. The major complication of this malformation is a central nervous system infection that occurs most frequently before the age of 5 years. We report the case of a lumbosacral skin defect initially described as a coccygeal pit, which happened to be a dermal sinus with a tethered cord after ultrasound imaging in a newborn infant. No indication for surgery was recognized. Later, the infant experienced cerebral empyema and spinal cord edema when he was 5 months old, while a second infection, with a medullar abscess, occurred 7 months later. Both infections began with high fever and were complicated by neurologic deficits. An emergency surgery was performed during the second myelitis. The operative findings confirmed a dermal sinus and a tethered cord. Moreover, they found a dermoid cyst next to the tract. After 2 years of recovery, the child has neurologic deficits including lower limb paraplegia with neurological bladder and bowel. This observation recalls the importance of the differential diagnosis between a coccygeal pit and a dermal sinus, the latter being associated with a dermoid cyst in 50% of cases. Serious neurologic consequences due to the possible infectious complications can occur when a dermal sinus is neglected. A preventive operative excision of both the dermal sinus and a possible cyst is a surgical emergency for spinal dysraphism. PMID:25656457

  4. Managing the severely proclined maxillary anteriors by extracting traumatized right maxillary central incisor

    OpenAIRE

    Jain, Mahesh; Mogra, Subraya; Chalasani, Srikrishna; D’mello, Kuldeep; Dhakar, Nidhi

    2014-01-01

    A 14-year-old girl reported with severely proclined maxillary anterior teeth with fractured and discolored right maxillary central incisor with questionable prognosis. Autotransplantation of premolar to replace central incisor was considered a risky option as patient was 14-year-old with presence of advanced root development of premolar. The immediate placement of the prosthetic implant was also not possible because of patient's age. Therefore, it was decided to use the space obtained by extr...

  5. The Cardiac effect of Rapid Maxillary expansion Patients with Maxillary Deficiency

    OpenAIRE

    Erdem, Alim; So?ku?cu?, Oral; Doruk, Cenk; Sar?kaya, Savas?; Bas?p?nar, Osman

    2014-01-01

    Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate the affect of rapid maxillary expansion (RME) on cardiologic parameter.Methods: 12 patients (4 male and 8 females) with maxillary deficiency and bilateral cross-bite were selected to this study group. Before RME 24 h Holter monitoring of electrocardiography was used on patients. The prevalence analysis of arrhythmias, mean heart rate (MHR) and ventricular premature contraction (VPC) analysis was assessed over a 24-h period. Six months after ac...

  6. Sinus elevation by in situ utilization of bone scrapers: technique and results

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Pedro, Martos Díaz; Luis, Naval Gías; Jesús, Sastre Pérez; Raúl, González García; Fernando, Bances del Castillo; María, Mancha de la Plata; Pablo, Galindo Moreno; Mario, Muñoz Guerra.

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The objective was to present a novel technique for antrostomy performed before sinus elevation in atrophic maxilla for subsequent implant placement. Material and methods: The study included 10 sinus elevations performed by the proposed technique in nine consecutive patients presenting wi [...] th inadequate posterior maxillary height. The technique is described, calculating the antrostomy surface area, volume of bone tissue obtained and final height attained in each case. A total of 16 implants were placed. Results: All ten elevations were accomplished. Mean antrostomy surface area was 0.55 mm², mean bone volume obtained was 0.56 cm³ and mean height attained was 11.7 mm from a baseline mean height of 5.6 mm. Out of the 16 implants, 14 were inserted immediately after the elevation and 2 were inserted in a second step, after ossification; 93.7% of the implants were osseointegrated at 6 months after prosthesis placement. Conclusion: The use of bone scrapers to create antrostomy for sinus elevation is a simple and very safe procedure. It provides a variable amount of particulate bone graft that is easily handled and highly useful for packing the cavity that will elevate the sinus membrane.

  7. Maxillary Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma Mimicking Odontogenic Cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Ömer Günhan; Aydin Gülses; Mehmet Kahraman; Kerim Ortakoglu; Metin Sençimen

    2011-01-01

    Mucoepidermoid carcinoma is a malignant neoplasm characteristically composed of mucus secreting cells, intermingled with neoplastic squamous cells in variable proportions. The commonest site of occurrence is the salivary glands. This paper briefly presents the surgical and prosthetic rehabilitation of a case of a maxillary mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Mucoepidermoid carcinomas represent clinically and radiographically very similar charactheristics with odontogenic cysts and must be differentiate...

  8. Graft Remodeling following Transcrestal Sinus Floor Elevation via the Gel-Pressure Technique (GPT and Pasteous Nano-Crystalline Hydroxyapatite Bone Substitute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernhard Pommer

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Bone grafting of the maxillary sinus is attempted to compensate for sinus pneumatization and permit reliable insertion of endosseous dental implants for prosthetic rehabilitation. The aim of the present clinical investigation was to study bone regeneration four months after transcrestal sinus floor elevation via the Gel-Pressure Technique (GPT and application of pasteous nano-crystalline hydroxyapatite bone substitute. A total of 25 patients with deficient alveolar ridges in the posterior maxilla (mean residual bone height: 4.7 ± 1.8 mm were subjected to 32 flapless transcrestal sinus floor augmentations and simultaneous insertion of 40 implants. Sinus membrane elevation height averaged 11.2 ± 2.7 mm and minimal vertical graft resorption of 0.1 mm was observed after four months. Radiographic bone density averaged 460 Hounsfield units in regions adjacent to the native jawbone (1 to 7 mm distance, while reduction of bone density by ?7.2%, ?11.3%, ?14.8%, ?19.6% and ?22.7% was recorded in more apical regions of 8, 9, 10, 11, and ?12 mm distance to the original sinus floor, respectively. The results suggest that graft remodeling is completed up to a distance of 7 mm within a healing period of four months after sinus augmentation using nano-crystalline hydroxyapatite bone substitute material.

  9. Cáncer de Senos Paranasales y sus Manifestaciones Orales: Reporte de Dos Casos Clínicos / Paranasal Sinus Cancer and Oral Manifestations: Report of Two Cases

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Scarlette, Hernández V; Manuel, Donoso Z; Carlos, Hernández A; Luis, Vásquez S.

    Full Text Available Los carcinomas de senos paranasales son entidades poco frecuentes y cuando se diagnostican, generalmente ya se encuentran en estados avanzados de la enfermedad, dado que el proceso neoplásico en las etapas iniciales crece invadiendo las cavidades paranasales, para luego en etapas avanzadas producir [...] la deformación de las corticales. Dentro de las manifestaciones clínicas se pueden presentar epistaxis, obstrucción nasal, dolor en zona maxilar, dolor o movilidad dentaria. Se presentan dos casos clínicos que dentro de las primeras manifestaciones cursaron con dolor de la zona maxilar y movilidad anormal de un diente. Al momento de realizar el diagnóstico definitivo los procesos tumorales se encontraban muy avanzados, comprometiendo diversas estructuras como seno maxilar, etmoidal, esfenoidal, y piso de órbita, lo que obliga a realizar grandes resecciones de la zona maxilofacial. El rol del odontólogo en el diagnóstico de la enfermedad podría ser de gran importancia, al sospechar que un aumento de volumen del reborde, la movilidad dentaria anormal o un dolor de la zona maxilar no siempre corresponden a causas odontogénicas. Abstract in english Paranasal sinus cancer are rare entities, but when diagnosed, often already in advanced stages of the disease, because the neoplastic process in the initial stages grows invading the paranasal sinuses and then in advanced stages, produces deformation of cortical bone. Among the clinical manifestatio [...] ns epistaxis, nasal obstruction, pain in maxillary area, pain or tooth mobility may occur. We present two clinical cases in which within the first manifestations are the maxillary pain and abnormal tooth mobility. When making the final diagnosis, tumor processes were well advanced, engaging various structures as maxillary sinus, ethmoid, sphenoid, and orbital floor, forcing large resections perform maxillofacial area. The role of the dentist in the diagnosis of the disease could be of great importance, suspecting that an increase maxillary volume, abnormal tooth mobility or pain of the maxillary not always correspond with odontogenic causes.

  10. A novel multipurpose mini-endoscope for frontal sinus endoscopy "sinus view".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Kadah, Basel; Bozzato, Victoria; Bozzato, Alessandro; Papaspyrou, George; Schick, Bernhard

    2015-07-01

    Endoscopic frontal sinus surgery has been proven to enable the treatment of most frontal sinus pathologies but may be challenging for the surgeon in regard to the variable frontal sinus anatomy. Frontal sinus drainage identification and frontal sinus visualization are an essential part of successful frontal sinus surgery. We demonstrate a novel modular mini-endoscopic system for frontal sinus surgery. Fifty-two patients (37 male, 15 female) with a chronic rhino-sinusitis were enrolled. In this study, all patients were subjected to standard endonasal endoscopic sinus surgery with use of the fibre optic endoscope "Sinus View" (1.1 mm diameter, 10,000 pixels, irrigation channel and additional working channel) accessing the frontal sinus. A frontal sinus drainage type I in 38 cases, a frontal sinus drainage type IIa in 9 cases and a frontal sinus drainage type IIb in 5 cases according to Draf were performed. The modular mini-endoscopic system "Sinus view" was used to identify frontal sinus drainage in ten patients before ethmoidectomy and in the remaining patients (N = 42) after ethmoidectomy. Visualization of the frontal sinus drainage or the frontal sinus itself was easily carried out after irrigation. A clear identification of the frontal sinus by illumination was achieved in all cases. In addition the working channel of the endoscope was successfully used to perform visualized balloon dilatation at the frontal sinus drainage or for biopsy. The endonasal visualization of the frontal sinus drainage and frontal sinus itself is facilitated by also using a modular mini-endoscope with the option to use the working channel of the endoscope for biopsy or balloon dilatation. PMID:25182389

  11. Evaluation of Cone Beam Computed Tomography in Diagnosis and Treatment Plan of Impacted Maxillary Canines Evaluation of Cone Beam Computed Tomography in Diagnosis and Treatment Plan of Impacted Maxillary Canines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Hossein Hoseini Zarch

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Maxillary canines have important roles in facial appearance, development of arch, and functional occlusion. Radiographs are important in evaluating the location and nature of these anomalies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate two types of 2D and 3D imaging technique in diagnosis and treatment of maxillary impacted canines. Methods: Thirty eight patients (50 impacted canines were enrolled. An oral radiologist assessed all of patients’ panoramic radiographs and then cone beam computed tomography (CBCT to determine the presence of adjacent teeth root resorption, root dilacerations before dental extraction, dental rotation, and buccolingual localization ofimpacted canine crown and root contact with sinus and nasal cavity.Then using the patient’s radiographs the treatment plan of each impacted canine was determined by an orthodontist. Results: Differences between panoramic radiography and CBCT in diagnosis of root resorption and dental rotation were significant. There was an agreement between panoramic radiographs and CBCT in localization of impacted teeth crown. Only the treatment plans of 20% of impacted canines were different between panoramic radiographs and CBCT and treatment plan of 80% of impacted teeth was similar. Conclusion: These results showed that 2D and 3D images of impacted maxillary canines can produce different diagnoses and treatment plans.  

  12. The role of computed tomography in the diagnosis and treatment of malignant tumors of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses and nasopharynx

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We studied the value of computed tomography (CT) in diagnosis and treatment of primary malignant tumors of the sinonasal cavities and nasopharynx, and reached the following conclusions. 1) In maxillary carcinomas, bone destruction is always seen on CT. When bone destruction is not apparent despite invasion to the adjacent site, malignant lymphoma or plasmacytoma is suggested. 2) In defining the tumor extent of maxillary SCC, CT is more reliable than maxillotomy, and is equal to maxillectomy. However, clouding of the sinus without bone destruction remains a problem, since this finding can be caused by either tumor invasion or obstructive sinusitis. 3) In maxillary and nasopharyngeal SCC, CT frequently reveals tumors to be more extensive than previously suspected following physical and conventional x-ray examinations. Therefore, the T-stages of these tumors are often upstaged to more advanced ones. 4) CT is of great help in identifying candidates for surgery in maxillary SCC, and in planning radiation therapy for nasopharyngeal and sinonasal tumors. Dose distribution curves displayed directly on the CT slices are becoming essential tools for radiation oncologists. After the introduction of CT, treatment results in cases of nasopharyngeal SCC have improved, probably due to better definition of the tumor volumes. 5) CT is also used for observing tumor response after therapy and for follow-up. In summary, CT is now indispensable in the management of malignant tumors of these sites. (author)

  13. Prosthodontic Procedures for an Implant-Supported Maxillary Full-Arch Fixed Prosthesis Opposing Mandibular Implant-Supported Fixed Prostheses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Hwa Pan

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available The maxillary full-arch implant-supported fixed prosthesis represents a challenge due tothe structural limitations of the existing premaxillary ridge and maxillary sinus. Prior to initiatingimplant treatment, it is critical to consider the necessary clinical and laboratory proceduresneeded to obtain an optimal level of patient and clinician satisfaction.Consideration must be given to establish a comfortable, cleansible prosthesis with a stable,harmonious occlusion that also meets esthetic and phonetic requirements. A 56-year-oldfemale presented at the Graduate Prosthodontic Clinic at the University of Alabama atBirmingham to extract 4 mandibular incisors and the left mandibular first molar, due toadvanced periodontitis. Steri-Oss root form implants (3.8-mm and 5.0-mm diameter weresubsequently placed (8 maxillary and 3 mandibular. To evaluate esthetics, vertical dimensionof occlusion, and anterior guidance, screw-retained fixed provisional restorations werefabricated for both arches by means of a pick-up impression technique. Cement-retaineddefinitive restorations were constructed and cemented using an acrylic/urethane-based provisionalcement (ImProv. Occlusal contacts associated with protrusive and lateral movementswere adjusted and oral hygiene instruction was reinforced subsequent to insertion of theprostheses.

  14. Carcinoma epidermoide sobre sinus pilonidal / Epidermoid carcinoma upon pilonidal sinus

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    J., Alecha Gil; M., Echenique-Elizondo; J. A., Amondarain; G., Górriz Arias.

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN: La degeneración maligna es una complicación rara observada principalmente en caso de enfermedad pilonidal crónica recurrente y se asocia con un muy mal pronóstico. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se han revisado 367 pacientes afectos de quiste pilonidal, bien simple o complicado. Entre ellos hemos [...] encontrado 3 casos (0,81%) de carcinoma epidermoide. CONCLUSIÓN: El carcinoma epidermoide de sinus pilonidal es una enfermedad infrecuente asociado a un muy mal pronóstico. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Malignant degeneration of pilonidal sinus is a rare complication observed mainly in recurrent chronic cases of the disease, associated to a very bad prognosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have reviewed 367 patients with simple and complicated pilonidal cysts. We found 3 cases (0.81%) of e [...] pidermoid carcinoma. CONCLUSIONS: Pilonidal sinus epidermoid carcinoma is an infrequent disease predicting for very poor outcome.

  15. The rotation of maxillary first molars, mandibular first molars, and maxillary first premolars in acceptable occlusions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, G K; Caruso, J M; West, V; Andreiko, C A; Farrage, J R; Jeiroudi, M T

    1997-03-01

    The rotation of the maxillary molars is considered important in the orthodontic treatment of malocclusions. In this study, a computer analysis program was developed to examine the rotations of maxillary molars, mandibular molars, and maxillary first premolars in casts of permanent dentitions with acceptable occlusions. Ninety-three sets of untreated 'acceptable occlusion' models from the collection of the Foundation for Orthodontic Research (FOR) were scanned on a flat bed scanner. The images were analysed using custom software. Measurements were made by relating maxillary first permanent molars to the midline, archform, opposite canine, and mandibular first permanent molars. The mandibular first molars and maxillary first premolars were also analysed and their rotations measured. The mean rotations of the maxillary first molars, measured as the angle between a line joining the tips of the buccal cusps and a line tangent to the appropriate archwire form (from Ricketts' Pentamorphic Arches) at the first molars, were 0.59 and -0.72 degree (positive values represent mesio-lingual rotations) for the right and left, respectively. For the mandibular molars, these means were 6.34 and 8.40 degrees, respectively. The mean differences in rotation between buccal cusp tips of maxillary and mandibular first molars in occlusion were 5.75 and 9.12 degrees for the right and left, respectively, with the mandibular being more mesio-lingually rotated. The differences between left and right were significant for all measurements. The present study brings into question the suitability of our present "straight wire" prescriptions in producing similar occlusions. It also suggests that scanning models for computer analysis may be a practical and precise way to measure similar rotations in untreated normal and treated occlusions. PMID:9528408

  16. Evaluation of the accuracy of spiral tomographic technique in estimating the height of maxillary alveolar bone for implant placement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mojdeh Mehdizadeh

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstractIntroduction: Before placing the dental implant, the surgeon needs to know the real height of bone in the site. Improper assessment of the distance between implant and vital structures can cause trauma to vital structures. The aim of this study was to determine the spiral tomography accuracy in evaluation of bone height in the posterior maxilla for placement of dental implants.Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study of 30 patients referring for implant placement 28 locations were selected for implant placement. All the patients underwent spiral tomography techniques and bone heights were reported. After implant placement the patients underwent panoramic radiographic techniques. Since the dental implant height was known the magnification of the panoramic radiographic technique in that area was determined. The bone height on the radiogram was determined in the area using a ruler at a magnification of ×3. Then the actual bone height was determined. Data was analyzed with paired t-test (? = 0.05. Results: Comparison of the values reported by the tomographic technique with the actual bone heights revealed a measurement error of 0.7 mm by the tomographic technique, which was statistically significant (p value = 0.031.Conclusion: Spiral tomography can accurately determine height of bone from the maxillary alveolar crest to the floor of the maxillary sinus, preventing damage to the maxillary sinus. Therefore, this radiographic technique can be used to determine the size of the implant needed to increase success rate. Key words: Dental implant, Radiology, Spiral tomography.

  17. Mucoceles of the sphenoid sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Mucoceles of the sphenoid sinus represent 1-2% of all paranasal sinus mucoceles. The aim of this paper is to report our experiences in patients with mucoceles of the sphenoid sinus. Patients and method: In a period of 4 years, we observed six patients in whom a mucocele of the sphenoid sinus was suggested pre- or intraoperatively. Symptoms and signs included headache, visual loss and palsies of the III and VI cranial nerve. All patients were investigated by MRI and/or CT. Imaging findings were compared with operative and/or histological findings. Results: In three cases there were simple mucoceles, in one case we found a tumour (nasopharyngeal carcinoma) associated mucocele and in two cases, malignant tumours (carcinoma, chordoma) imitated a mucocele. The diagnosis of simple mucoceles was no problem at all by imaging. Difficulties made the two malignant tumours and the tumour associated mucocele. In the first two cases, repeated histological samples were necessary to make the final diagnosis. Conclusion: Mucoceles of the sphenoid sinus should be investigated and handled very carefully with regard to differential diagnoses and tumour associated cases

  18. Mucoceles of the sphenoid sinus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koesling, S. E-mail: sabrina.koesling@medizin.uni-halle.de; Hintner, M.; Brandt, S.; Schulz, Th.; Bloching, M

    2004-07-01

    Purpose: Mucoceles of the sphenoid sinus represent 1-2% of all paranasal sinus mucoceles. The aim of this paper is to report our experiences in patients with mucoceles of the sphenoid sinus. Patients and method: In a period of 4 years, we observed six patients in whom a mucocele of the sphenoid sinus was suggested pre- or intraoperatively. Symptoms and signs included headache, visual loss and palsies of the III and VI cranial nerve. All patients were investigated by MRI and/or CT. Imaging findings were compared with operative and/or histological findings. Results: In three cases there were simple mucoceles, in one case we found a tumour (nasopharyngeal carcinoma) associated mucocele and in two cases, malignant tumours (carcinoma, chordoma) imitated a mucocele. The diagnosis of simple mucoceles was no problem at all by imaging. Difficulties made the two malignant tumours and the tumour associated mucocele. In the first two cases, repeated histological samples were necessary to make the final diagnosis. Conclusion: Mucoceles of the sphenoid sinus should be investigated and handled very carefully with regard to differential diagnoses and tumour associated cases.

  19. Sinusitis: Special Considerations for Aging Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinusitis: Special Considerations for Aging Patients Sinusitis: Special Considerations for Aging Patients Patient Health Information News media interested in covering the latest from AAO-HNS/F can find information ...

  20. Myxoid Type of Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Maxillary Sinus: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Hossein Jafarian

    2011-04-01

    Amplified radical surgery is the first choice of treatment. The second surgery has special value to the recurrent patients. Radiotherapy alone or chemotherapy alone is not effective to MFH of head and neck region

  1. Osseointegrated implants in maxillary sinus-lift and bone graft areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camila Daher Cozac

    Full Text Available Objectives: To assess the satisfaction index of such treatment; provide statistical data about this index and explain to the dental community, the possible satisfaction expressed by the group assisted, with regard to the intervention performed. Methods: After applying the questionnaire, the the values of the analysis obtained were tabulated and statistical calculation was then applied(Fisher Exact test and Chi-Square test with a significance level of 5% (p <0.05. Results: According to the data obtained, it was found that the degree of satisfaction of nonsmoker patients was significantly higher than that of the group of smokers, irrespective of their economic condition. As regards gender, the satisfaction index of women showed a higher percentage than that of men. In this study, the need for additional surgery, the loss of bone graft and repetition of the surgical procedure did not occur frequently. All patients were satisfied with the surgery performed, and the majority did not need additional surgery. Conclusion: In view of the factors evaluated in this study, it could be concluded that a significant portion of patients attended by the Improvement and Specialization Courses in Implant Dentistry at the Faculty of Dentistry, Federal University of Goiás, as from the year 2004, reported that the osseointegrated implant placement techniques and bone graft procedures are considered traumatic, but nevertheless they experienced a significant improvement in their quality of life after treatment.

  2. Pigmented Lesion of Buccal Mucosa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bajpai, Manas; Kumar, Malay; Kumar, Manish; Agarwal, Deshant

    2014-01-01

    Pigmented lesions are commonly found in the mouth. Such lesions represent a variety of clinical entities, ranging from physiologic changes to manifestation of systemic illness and malignant neoplasm. Diagnosis of such lesions requires a proper case history, extraoral and intraoral examination, and, in some cases, biopsy, aspiration cytology, and laboratory investigations. Here we present a case of purple lesion on the buccal mucosa of a 34-year-old male patient which was provisionally diagnosed as mucocele but on the basis of histopathological picture it was finally diagnosed as angiofibroma, and we also discuss the clinical and histopathological differential diagnosis. PMID:25161669

  3. Osteoblastoma of the ethmoid sinus

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    Park, Yong-Koo [Kyung Hee University, Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea); Kyung Hee University Hospital, Department of Pathology, Seoul (Korea); Kim, Eui Jong [Kyung Hee University, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea); Kim, Sung Wan [Kyung Hee University, Department of Otolaryngology, School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea)

    2007-05-15

    An osteoblastoma is a benign bone tumor that most often occurs in the vertebral column and the long bones of the extremities. Paranasal sinus involvement is very rare. We report an osteoblastoma of the ethmoid sinus in a 13-year-old boy who presented with exophthalmos. CT demonstrated an expansile, lesion of the right ethmoid sinus, which caused the orbital contents to be compressed and deviated to the right. A mixture of ground glass opacity and dense bone was present. The less dense portions of the lesion showed intense enhancement on MRI; a signal void was present on all sequences in the densely sclerotic areas. Curettage was performed. Histologically, the lesion was composed of proliferating osteoblasts along with small trabeculae of woven bone and rich vascular fibrous stroma. The literature concerning occurrence of osteoblastoma in this unusual location is reviewed and discussed. (orig.)

  4. Sphenoid sinus barotrauma after free diving.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourolias, Constantinos; Gkotsis, Antonios

    2011-01-01

    We report 2 cases of a 29- and a 37-year-old male patient both having sphenoid sinus barotrauma associated with free diving at about 12-m depth. A unilateral occupation of the sphenoid sinus was revealed in both cases by computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging examination of the paranasal sinuses. PMID:20022669

  5. Sudden Hemianopsia Secondary to Ethmoid Sinus Mucocele

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ligia, Morganti; Leandro, Evangelista; Roberto, Guimaraes; Paulo, Crosara.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Paranasal sinus mucoceles are benign cystic lesions, filled with mucus, occurring due to an obstruction of involved sinus ostium. They are indolent, locally expansive, and destructive. Surgical treatment must be performed and, when done at the correct time, may prevent sequelae. We present a case of [...] ethmoid sinus mucocele with orbit involvement and permanent optical nerve injury.

  6. Bacteriology of Acute and Chronic Ethmoid Sinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    Brook, Itzhak

    2005-01-01

    Aspirates from 26 acutely and 17 chronically infected ethmoid sinuses were studied. Thirty-seven aerobes and 10 anaerobes were recovered from isolates from patients with acute sinusitis. Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae were predominant. Twenty-seven aerobes and 41 anaerobes were found in isolates from patients with chronic sinusitis. The predominant isolates were anaerobic gram-negative bacilli and Peptostreptococcus spp.

  7. Dural Sinus Malformation with Dural Arteriovenous Fistula

    OpenAIRE

    Yau, C. Kwong; Alvarez, H.; Lasjaunias, P.

    2001-01-01

    A rare case of dural sinus malformation with dural arteriovenous fistula in an infant is presented. Presenting symptom was progressive macrocrania without hydrocephalus. A high flow arteriovenous of the sigmoid sinus associated with jugular bulb diaphragm was demonstrated. Reflux in the intracranial sinus was present. The shunt was successfully occluded by transarterial embolization. The natural history and treatment strategy are discussed.

  8. Rinossinusite nosocomial em unidade de terapia intensiva: estudo microbiológico / Nosocomial sinusitis in an intensive care unit: a microbiological study

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Leonardo Lopes, Balsalobre Filho; Fernando Mirage Jardim, Vieira; Renato, Stefanini; Ricardo, Cavalcante; Rodrigo de Paula, Santos; Luis Carlos, Gregório.

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Rinossinusite Nosocomial é uma complicação frequente de pacientes tratados em UTI. É importante o diagnóstico e tratamento precoce para prevenir complicações graves como pneumonia, sepse, meningite e abscesso intracraniano. OBJETIVO: Identificar os agentes causadores de sinusite em UTI através do sw [...] ab nasal e da punção de seio maxilar, correlacionando seus resultados. MÉTODO: Pacientes atendidos nas unidades de terapia intensiva com diagnóstico tomográfico de sinusopatia maxilar uni ou bilateral foram submetidos ao swab nasal e punção do seio acometido com material enviado para cultura e antibiograma. RESULTADOS: O presente estudo avaliou 22 pacientes. Houve concordância entre o agente microbiano isolado no swab e na punção em 14 dos 22 casos (63%). A flora aeróbia gram negativa foi a mais encontrada com predomínio da Pseudomonas aeruginosa (29% nas punções), seguido de Proteus mirabillis (26%) e Acinetobacter baumanni (14%). Houve alto índice de resistência aos antibióticos usados. CONCLUSÃO: A punção direta do seio maxilar acometido em pacientes em UTI com sinusite parece ser o melhor método para identificar os agentes bacterianos e, através do seu antibiograma, direcionar a conduta terapêutica antimicrobiana. O swab mostrou ter pouco valor diagnóstico, com concordância de 63%, podendo ser reservado para casos onde a punção está contraindicada. Abstract in english Nosocomial sinusitis is a common complication of patients in ICUs. Its diagnosis is important, and early treatment is required to avoid serious complications such as pneumonia, sepsis, meningitis, and intracranial abscesses. AIM: To identify the germs causing sinusitis in ICUs by nasal swabs and max [...] illary sinus puncture, and to correlate these results. METHODS: ICU patients with a diagnosis (CT confirmed) of maxillary sinusitis underwent nasal swab and puncture of the sinus to collect material for culture and antibiogram. RESULTS: This study evaluated 22 patients. The microbial agent isolated in the swab correlated with the agent in the puncture in 14 of 22 cases (63%). Gram-negative bacteria were the most frequent, as follows: Pseudomonas aeruginosa (29% of punctures), following by Proteus mirabillis (26%) and Acinetobacter baumanni (14%). The resistance index in the antibiogram was high to antibiotics. CONCLUSION: Maxillary sinus puncture of ICU patients with sinusitis appears to be the best method for identifying bacteria; antibiograms demonstrate resistance to therapy. The swab has little diagnostic value; the correlation was 63%. It may be used when sinus puncture is contraindicated.

  9. Determining the Role of Helicobacter pylori in Chronic Sinus Infections Using the Polymerase Chain Reaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikakhlagh, Soheila; Samarbafzadeh, Ali Reza; Jahani, Mojtaba; Poostchi, Hamed; Kayedani, Gholam Abbas; Naghashpoor, Maryam; Saki, Nader

    2015-01-01

    Background: Helicobacter pylori are becoming increasingly recognized as a possible pathological cause of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Objectives: Considering the prevalence of CRS and its impact on quality of life, we decided to determine the role of H. pylori in chronic sinus infections by using the PCR technique. Patients and Methods: In a case-control analytical epidemiologic survey, the study population was selected by consecutive sampling from patients with CRS undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery during years 2010 - 2012. Patients were divided into two groups. The study group consisted of patients with CRS and the control group consisted of patients with nasal obstruction caused by concha bullosa, without inflammation or infection of the sinuses. Sampling was performed during surgery from the infected tissue and from the middle turbinate mucosa. Eventually, bacterial DNA was extracted and used for the PCR test, in order to isolate H. pylori. Results: Nine patients (18%) with CRS had H. pylori isolated from their samples whereas in the control group, H. pylori were only found in two patients (4%); this difference was statistically significant (P = 0.025). The indicator wasn’t statistically significant between males and females. There was no statistical correlation in relative frequency of H. pylori for different age groups (P > 0.05). Conclusions: There was a significant correlation between CRS and presence of H. pylori in sinonasal mucosa. This relationship may reflect the role of H. pylori as one of the pathogenic factors in the development of CRS. However, further studies are required to confirm this role.

  10. Sinusitis-induced subdural empyema.

    OpenAIRE

    Skelton, R.; Maixner, W.; Isaacs, D.

    1992-01-01

    Over a 17 year period, 1975-91, 10 children were managed who had sinusitis-induced subdural or extradural empyema. Their ages ranged from 6 to 14 years, with a mean of 11 years. All presented with worsening headaches, fever, vomiting, all had neurological abnormalities, and all had symptoms or signs suggestive of sinusitis. Initial computed tomography gave normal results in five cases and the empyema was diagnosed on the second or third scan. All patients had symptoms for at least one to two ...

  11. Maxillary Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma Mimicking Odontogenic Cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ömer Günhan

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Mucoepidermoid carcinoma is a malignant neoplasm characteristically composed of mucus secreting cells, intermingled with neoplastic squamous cells in variable proportions. The commonest site of occurrence is the salivary glands. This paper briefly presents the surgical and prosthetic rehabilitation of a case of a maxillary mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Mucoepidermoid carcinomas represent clinically and radiographically very similar charactheristics with odontogenic cysts and must be differentiated from this lesions.

  12. Management of maxillary alveolar process fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shukhrat Boymuradov

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Incidence of maxillofacial traumas is reported steadily increasing, maxillary fractures being extremely severe. Maxillary alveolar process (AP and front teeth are traumatized more frequently than any other parts of the maxilla. Deprivation of teeth and AP post-traumatic flaw as well as loss of alveolar height not only create a cosmetic defect but also complicate subsequent prosthetics of the patients. The work was initiated to assess efficacy of “CollapAn L” in comparison with a combination of “Osteon”, an osteoplastic material, and “Colla Guide” resorbable membrane in prevention of AP post-traumatic flaws and deformities. 60 patients aged from 16 to 47 with the comminuted fractures of maxillary AP emergently hospitalized were examined and treated. The findings showed that Combination of “Osteon” and “Colla Guide” resorbable membrane is the one to increase efficacy of the treatment, facilitating preservation of and alveolar crest height and shape. In addition, preservation of bone tissue mineralization helps avoid risk of the bone wound inflammatory morbidity.

  13. Ecological and phylogenetic influences on maxillary dentition in snakes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kate Jackson

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The maxillary dentition of snakes was used as a system with which to investigate the relative importance of the interacting forces of ecological selective pressures and phylogenetic constraints indetermining morphology. The maxillary morphology of three groups of snakes having different diets, with each group comprising two distinct lineages — boids and colubroids — was examined. Our results suggest that dietary selective pressures may be more significantthan phylogenetic history in shaping maxillary morphology.

  14. Incidental findings in paranasal sinuses and mastoid cells. A cross-sectional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study in a pediatric radiology department

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kalle, T. von; Fabig-Moritz, C.; Winkler, P. [Olgahospital Klinikum, Stuttgart (Germany). Radiologie; Heumann, H. [Olgahospital Klinikum, Stuttgart (Germany). Paediatrische HNO-Heilkunde und Otologie

    2012-07-15

    Purpose: Misdiagnosis of 'sinusitis' is still frequent in children, although mucosal swelling in the paranasal sinuses of children has been reported as a common incidental finding. Recent radiological publications on the problem are rare. We prospectively evaluated the mucosal thickening in the paranasal sinuses and mastoid cells of children who underwent MRI of the head for reasons other than sinusitis or mastoiditis. Materials and Methods: 147 patients, 0.2 - 22.7 years, median 8.9. Axial and sagittal T2 TSE images were evaluated by two experienced pediatric radiologists. Categories for the degree of mucosal swelling were for the maxillary, frontal and sphenoid sinuses: no swelling, minor: < 5 mm, or major: {>=} 5 mm; for ethmoid cells and mastoid cells: not present, minor: {<=} 50 % of cells, or major: > 50 %. Results: 61 % of children had one or more salient findings in their paranasal sinuses or mastoid cells. 48 % had mucosal swelling in their paranasal cavities, 25 % in their mastoid cells. The prevalence was higher among children less than 10 years of age (60 % and 42 %) and among children with current upper respiratory tract infection (71 % and 35 %). There was no correlation to a history of headache, snoring, asthma and allergies, or to gender or place of residence. Conclusion: Mucosal swelling in paranasal sinuses and in mastoid cells is a frequent incidental finding in children. Even major mucosal swelling in a paranasal sinus is not necessarily a sign of infection. In radiological reports the terms 'sinusitis' and 'mastoiditis' should therefore be used with great caution. The initiation of treatment should be based on clinical symptoms and not on radiological abnormalities alone. (orig.)

  15. Insufficient evidence for sinus lifts over short implants for dental implant rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khouly, Ismael; Veitz-Keenan, Analia

    2015-03-01

    Data sourcesThe Cochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline and Embase databases were searched with no language or date restrictions.Study selectionTwo reviewers independently selected studies. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of different techniques and materials for augmenting the maxillary sinus for rehabilitation with dental implants that reported the outcome of implant success or failure at least four months after initial loading were considered.Data extraction and synthesisData were extracted independently by two reviewers and study risk of bias assessed. Results were expressed using fixed-effect models as there were either fewer than four studies or we used Peto odds ratios (ORs) for dichotomous data when there were zero cells in either the treatment or control or both arms and the number of trials was small.ResultsEighteen trials involving 650 patients were included. Five studies were considered to be at low risk of bias, 11 at high risk and two of unclear risk. Four trials (102 patients) evaluated short implants (5 to 8.5 mm long) as an alternative to sinus lift in bone with residual height between 4 and 9 mm. One year after loading there was insufficient evidence to claim differences between the two procedures for prosthesis failure (OR (Peto) 0.37, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.05 to 2.68; three trials) or implant failure (OR (Peto) 0.44, 95% CI 0.10 to 1.99; four trials). There was however an increase in complications at treated sites when undertaking the sinus lift (OR (Peto) 4.77, 95% CI 1.79 to 12.71, P value = 0.002; four trials).Fourteen trials (548 patients) compared different sinus lift techniques. Only three comparisons included more than one trial. These were bone graft versus no bone graft, autogenous bone versus bone substitute, bone graft with or without platelet-rich plasma (PRP). There was insufficient evidence to claim a benefit for any of these techniques for the primary outcomes of prosthesis and implant failure.The other comparisons with single studies were rotary versus piezosurgery to open a lateral sinus window, two different bone substitutes, use or not of a membrane to seal the lateral window, one- versus two-stage lateral sinus lift, two-stage granular bone versus one-stage autogenous bone blocks and crestal versus lateral sinus lift; two trials compared three different crestal sinus lifting techniques: rotatory versus hand malleting (patients preferred rotatory instruments over hand malleting) and hand versus electric malleting. There was no evidence of a benefit for any sinus lift procedure compared to any other for the primary outcomes prosthesis or implant failure.ConclusionsThere is moderate quality evidence which is insufficient to determine whether sinus lift procedures in bone with residual height between 4 and 9 mm are more or less successful than placing short implants (5 to 8.5 mm) in reducing prosthesis or implant failure up to one year after loading. However, there are more complications at sites treated with sinus lift procedures. Many trials compared different sinus lift procedures and none of these indicated that one procedure reduced prosthetic or implant failures when compared to the other. Based on low quality evidence, patients may prefer rotary instruments over hand malleting for crestal sinus lift. PMID:25909937

  16. Radiological findings in paranasal sinus mucoceles; Hallazgos radiologicos en los mucoceles de los senos paranasales

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