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[Microcirculation in nasal mucosa of healthy subjects and patients with rhinitis and maxillary sinusitis].  

Science.gov (United States)

Laser Doppler flowmetry was used to determine normal parameters of microcirculation in the nasal cavity and their changes in different forms of rhinitis and maxillary sinusitis. The latter condition was shown to be associated with altered frequency and amplitude characteristics of microcirculation in nasal mucosa at the affected side. These changes can be used to evaluate efficacy of the on-going treatment. Stimulation of sympathetic innervation in patients with vasomotor rhinitis induced local pathological reactions of the microcirculatory bed in the mucous membrane of inferior nasal conchae. No such reactions developed in patients with year-round allergic rhinitis and in healthy subjects. PMID:19692955

Aniutin, R G; Ivkina, S V

2009-01-01

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Avaliação da mucosa sinusal do coelho à presença de implante biodegradável / Assessing the maxillary sinus mucosa of rabbits in the presence of biodegradable implants  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Pensando em melhorar a qualidade de vida dos pacientes com doenças do humor vítreo, os oftalmologistas começaram a utilizar recentemente implantes biodegradáveis com corticoide. Estes mesmos implantes podem ser uma alternativa no tratamento da RSC e, para isso, realizamos um estudo experimental em s [...] eios maxilares de coelhos. OBJETIVO: Avaliar histologicamente a mucosa de seio maxilar de coelhos após a colocação de implante biodegradável de prednisolona. MÉTODO: Dezoito coelhos foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: Grupo 1: no seio maxilar esquerdo foi inserido um implante biodegradável com prednisolona; Grupo 2: No seio maxilar esquerdo foi inserido um implante biodegradável sem medicação. Os seios maxilares do lado direito serviram como controle. Após 7, 14 e 28 dias foram escolhidos aleatoriamente três coelhos de cada grupo e a resposta tecidual inflamatória foi avaliada. RESULTADOS: Foi encontrada diferença não significativa de inflamação na mucosa, quando comparamos o grupo de coelhos que receberam implantes com e sem medicação com o grupo controle; ou quando comparamos o grupo que recebeu implante com prednisolona com o grupo que recebeu implante sem medicação. CONCLUSÃO: Não foram observados sinais de toxicidade ou inflamação na mucosa do seio maxilar do coelho à presença do implante com ou sem prednisolona. Abstract in english In an attempt to improve the quality of life of patients with vitreous humor disease, ophthalmologists began offering steroid-eluting biodegradable implants to their patients. These implants can be used as an alternative treatment for CRS and this is why this experimental study was carried out on ra [...] bbit maxillary sinuses. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the histology of the mucosa of the maxillary sinuses of rabbits after the placement of a prednisolone-eluting biodegradable implant. METHOD: Eighteen rabbits were randomly divided into two groups: group 1 - subjects had drug-eluting implants placed on their left maxillary sinuses; group 2 - subjects had non-drug-eluting implants placed on their left maxillary sinuses. The right maxillary sinuses served as the controls. After seven, 14, and 28 days three rabbits in each group were randomly picked to have their tissue inflammatory response assessed. RESULTS: Levels of mucosal inflammation were not significantly different between the groups with and without drug-eluting implants and the control group, or when the groups with drug-eluting implants and non-drug-eluting implants were compared. CONCLUSION: Signs of toxicity or mucosal inflammation were not observed in the maxillary sinuses of rabbits given prednisolone-eluting implants or non-drug-eluting implants.

André Coura, Perez; Armando da Silva, Cunha Junior; Sílvia Ligório, Fialho; Lívia Mara, Silva; João Vicente, Dorgam; Adriana de Andrade Batista, Murashima; Alfredo Ribeiro, Silva; Maria, Rossato; Wilma Terezinha, Anselmo-Lima.

2012-12-01

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Endoscopic sinus surgery for maxillary sinus mucoceles  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Maxillary sinus mucoceles are relatively rare among all paranasal sinus mucoceles. With the introduction of endoscopic sinus surgical techniques, rhinologic surgeons prefer transnasal endoscopic management of sinus mucoceles. The aim of this study is to describe the clinical presentation of maxillary sinus mucoceles and to establish the efficacy of endoscopic management of sinus mucoceles. Methods Between 2003 and 2005, 14 patients underwent endoscopic sinus surgery for maxillary sinus mucocele. The presenting sign and symptoms, radiological findings, surgical management and need for revision surgery were reviewed. Results There were eight males and six females with an age range of 14 to 65. Ten patients complained of nasal obstruction, five of nasal drainage, five of cheek pressure or pain and one of proptosis of the eye and cheek swelling. The maxillary sinus and ipsilateral ethmoid sinus involvement on computed tomographic studies was seen in 4 patients. Four patients had history of endoscopic ethmoidectomy surgery for ethmoid sinusitis and one had Caldwell-Luc operation in the past. Ethmoidectomy with middle meatal antrostomy and marsupialization of the mucocele was performed in all patients. Postoperative follow-up ranged between 8 to 48 months. All patients had a patent middle meatal antrostomy and healthy maxillary sinus mucosa. No patients need revision surgery. Conclusion The most common causes of mucoceles are chronic infection, allergic sinonasal disease, trauma and previous surgery. In 64% of the patients of our study cause remains uncertain. Endoscopic sinus surgery is an effective treatment for maxillary sinus mucoceles with a favorable long-term outcome.

Cagici Alper

2006-09-01

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Bilateral Maxillary Sinus Hypoplasia  

Science.gov (United States)

Maxillary sinus hypoplasia (MSH) is an uncommon abnormality of paranasal sinuses noted in clinical practice. Computed tomography (CT) scan helps in diagnosing the anomaly along with any anatomical variation that may be associated with it. MSH is usually associated with other anomalies like uncinate process hypoplasia. Three types of MSH have been described. Type 1 MSH shows mild maxillary sinus hypoplasia, type 2 shows significant sinus hypoplasia with narrowed infundibular passage and hypoplastic or absent uncinate process, and type 3 is cleft like maxillary sinus hypoplasia with absent uncinate process. CT and endoscopic examination usually complement each other in diagnosing MSH. PMID:25548709

Khanduri, Sachin; Agrawal, Sumit; Goyal, Swati

2014-01-01

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Pathologic changes in the maxillary sinus wall after conservative therapy in odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Examination using bone scintigraphy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Single photon emission computed tomographic bone scintigraphy (bone SPECT) was performed in 16 patients with odontogenic maxillary sinusitis to compare inflammatory changes in the maxillary sinus wall including the alveolar process (bony lesions) before and after conservative therapy. Morphologic changes in bony lesions as evaluated by bone SPECT images correlated with those of the maxillary sinus mucosa (mucosal lesions) as evaluated by CT images. Morphologic changes in the bony lesions also correlated with changes in inflammatory activity in the maxillary alveolar process as functionally evaluated by bone SPECT before and after conservative therapy. Odontogenic maxillary sinusitis is considered a disease in which maxillary alveolitis causes mucosal lesions as well as bony lesions. Changes in alveolitis are associated with morphologic changes in bony lesions after conservative therapy, and these changes affect the pathophysiologic nature of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Bone SPECT is valuable for predicting outcome and treatment planning in patients with odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. (author)

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Large pneumocele of the right maxillary sinus  

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Full Text Available Introduction: The pneumocele is a pathological expansion of paranasal sinus containing only air, which can move the nearby structures. Radiologically is a hiperneumatizacion and elongation of paranasal sinus, that can be associated with bone loss. Description: Patient with facial fullness and pains on right side, occasionally nasal blockage that worsen with pressure changes, at exploration presents protrusion of maxillary mucosa into the nostril. Discussion: Pneumoceles can occur in any paranasal sinus. Usually remain asymptomatic and they are not diagnosed until it takes place an external deformity or displacement of neighbouring structures to the sinus, causing symptoms. Conclusion: The maxillary sinus neumoceles are a rare differential diagnosis of mucocele, tumors and trigeminal neuralgia. Surgery is curative, preferring an endoscopic approach.

Mena-Domínguez EA, Torres-Morientes LM, Tavárez-Rodríguez JJ, Bauer M, Martín-Pascual MC, Morais-Pérez D

2013-10-01

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Maxillary sinus carcinoma  

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Primary site control, anatomical site of failure, survival, and complications of treatment were determined in a retrospective review of primary maxillary sinus carcinoma. Sixty-one patients were treated by radiation followed by surgery and 35 by radiation alone. Primary tumor control was achieved in 69% of patients receiving combined treatment, 14% of patients treated with radiation alone, and 49% of all patients. Local control did not differ with histological type. Virtually all epidermoid and undifferentiated carcinoma recurrences occurred within 2 years, but 27% of adenocarcinomas recurred after 2 years.

Lee, F.; Ogura, J.H.

1981-01-01

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Maxillary sinus carcinoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Primary site control, anatomical site of failure, survival, and complications of treatment were determined in a retrospective review of primary maxillary sinus carcinoma. Sixty-one patients were treated by radiation followed by surgery and 35 by radiation alone. Primary tumor control was achieved in 69% of patients receiving combined treatment, 14% of patients treated with radiation alone, and 49% of all patients. Local control did not differ with histological type. Virtually all epidermoid and undifferentiated carcinoma recurrences occurred within 2 years, but 27% of adenocarcinomas recurred after 2 years

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Staphylococcal enterotoxin burden determines the type of T helper cell response and pathology of the maxillary sinus mucosa in rabbits.  

Science.gov (United States)

Staphylococcal enterotoxin (SE) induces T lymphocyte activation along with nasal allergic inflammation during rhinosinusitis, but it is under debate on which types of T helper (Th) cells respond exclusively or whether they respond synergically. We hypothesize that their responses may vary based on dose of SE. To test this hypothesis, we initiated to determine the nature of the T cell response and pathological feature upon repeated exposure to staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) at different doses in the maxillary sinus of rabbits. SEA (0.6 or 60 ng) was instilled daily into the left maxillary sinus of rabbits for 28 days. The right maxillary sinus receiving normal saline was used as control. Mucosal histological changes were examined by hematoxylin-eosin and toluidine blue staining. Tissue expression of myeloperoxidase (MPO), eosinophil cationic protein (ECP), T-box expressed in T cells (T-bet), and GATA binding protein 3 (GATA-3) were examined using immunohistochemistry. Mucosal levels of representative pro-inflammatory cytokines were measured using ELISA. SEA at 60 ng/day induced acute rhinosinusitis, as confirmed by CT scan. Histopathologic examination revealed epithelial disruption, subepithelial edema, and inflammatory cell infiltration. MPO and T-bet expression, as well as interleukin (IL)-2 and interferon (IFN)-? levels, were up-regulated. However, 0.6 ng/day SEA did not cause discharge. Histological examination revealed prominent eosinophilic infiltration. ECP and GATA-3 expression, as well as IL-4 and IL-5 levels, were increased at this lower dose. In conclusion, SEA induces acute rhinosinusitis associated with a Th1-type immune response at high dose, and a predominantly Th2-biased allergic inflammation at low dose. PMID:25466272

Wei, Hongqi; Yuan, Hui; Zhu, Zhengwen; Liu, Zhiyong; Xin, Jie; Wu, Xiaofan; Cao, Zhongsheng

2014-12-01

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Maxillary sinus carcinomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Between 1969 and 1985, 73 patients with maxillary sinus cancers underwent surgical excision and postoperative radiotherapy. The clinical stage distribution by the AJC system was 3T1, 16T2, 32T3 and 22 T4. Six patients had palpable lymphadenopathy at diagnosis. Surgery for the primary tumor consisted of partial or radical maxillectomy, and if disease stage indicated it, ipsilateral orbital exenteration. This was followed by radiation treatment delivered through a wedge-pair or three-field technique. All but 3 patients received 50-60 Gy in 2 Gy fractions to an isodose line defining the target volume. Elective neck irradiation (ENI) was nor routinely given. Clinically involved nodes were treated with definitive radiotherapy (5 patients) or combined treatment (1 patient). Forty-five patients had no evidence of disease at the last follow-up. The 5-year relapse-free survival for the whole group was 51 percent. The overall local control rate was 78 percent, Patients with larger tumors, particularly if they also had histological signs of nerve invasion, had a higher recurrence rate than others. The overall nodal recurrence rate without ENI was 38 percent for squamous and undifferen-tiated carcinoma, and only 5 for adenoid cystic carcinomas. Therefore, the current recommendation is to deliver elective nodal irradiation routinely to patients with squamous or undifferentiated carcinoma, except for those who have T1 lesions. for those who have T1 lesions. Treatment complications were vision impairment, brain and bone necrosis, trismus, hearing loss, and pituitary insufficiency. The incidence of major side effects was determined by disease extent and treatment technique. Many technical refinements were introduced in order to limit the dose to normal tissues in an attempt to reduce the complication rate. To what extent such practice influences the outcome will be determined from subsequent analysis. (author). 23 refs.; 2 figs.; 5 tabs

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Maxillary Sinus mucormycosis mimicking sinus malignancy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Mucormycosis is an opportunistic fulminant fungal infection in diabetic and immunocompromised patients. The infection is acquired in the nose and paranasal sinuses by the inhalation of the fungal spores. We report of a case of maxillary sinus mucormycosis in a 32-years-old non diabetic woman. She had right side facial pain, headache, unilateral right side nasal obstruction, and post nasal discharge (PND) for five years. Nasal endoscopy revealed pus and granulation tissue, and semi-black middle turbinate in right side nasal cavity. Computed tomography showed bone erosion and a large soft tissue mass similar to sinus carcinoma in maxillary sinus with extension into the ethmoidal sinus. She underwent functional Endoscopic sinus surgery. Macroscopically, the specimen consisted of multiple tissue fragment 0.8-1 cm. Microscopic findings included an inflammatory cells and deposited fungal elements (mucormycosis). So in the paranasal sinus and nasal cavity mass, mucormycosis should be included in the differential diagnosis, especially in the non diabetic and young patients. (author)

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Roentgen diagnosis of the mucosal cyst in the maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The most common cystic lesion of the maxillary sinuses is the mucosal cyst. In reviewing a 5-years material of 5026 pathological X-ray examinations of the sinuses 12.2% of these were found to have mucosal cysts. These cysts usually do not give rise to symptoms and require no treatment, but are often misdiagnosticated as polyps, compact maxillary sinuses, hypertrophy of the lining mucosa or tumors. As radiologic examination of the sinuses is a common procedure and the diagnosis of a mucosal cyst is possible other diagnoses may not be given in most cases. (orig.)

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[Bacteriological study of maxillary sinusitis].  

Science.gov (United States)

Suppurated maxillary sinusitis are frequent diseases. Diameatic puncture allows bacteriological investigations. Our results are positive in two thirds of cases. The bacterial flora is very varied, whose identification and antibiograms involve efficient treatment with daily washing and in situ antibiotherapy. PMID:6383176

Renon, P; Casanova, M; Verdier, M; Asperge, A; Le Mouel, C

1984-01-01

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Mucocoele of the maxillary sinus  

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Full Text Available Background. Mucocoele is histopathologically benign, cystic change of paranasal sinuses filled with mucoid contents, which with its growth is pressuring and destroying local bone walls. In only 3% of the cases it can be localized in maxillary sinuses. Etiology is unknown. Pyocoele develops by secondary infection. Case report. The male patient was 21 years old. His symptoms were runny nose with thick contents and heavy breathing on the right side of the nose, headaches, as well as the swelling of the right cheek. During clinical examination, the expansive change was found. It was completely closing the right side of the nose cavity. Computerized tomography (CT of paranasal cavities showed excessive expansion of the right maxillary sinus, with very thinned walls, while the cavity was filled with liquid. After antibiotics therapy, the radical operation of the right maxillary sinus was performed, based on Caldwell Luc method. The frontal wall was found to be extremely convex and thinned, while the medial wall was with dehiscention. The cystic change was extirpated. Mucocoele was proved by pathohistologic findings. Its wall was about 2 mm thick and it showed squamous metaplasia in the large part of the mucocoela epithel. In the submucosa fibrosis and inflammatory infiltrate was present. Postoperative follow-up was under control. Clinically and radiographycaly, six months after therapy, the patient does not have troubles. Conclusion. The rare localization of the mucocoeles in maxillary sinus can be explained with the width of the maxillary ostia. Infected mucocoeles, expanded to the local anatomical structures, should be operated on with classic radical surgical operation. .

Peri? Aleksandar

2007-01-01

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[Odontogenic maxillary sinusitis caused by dental restoration].  

Science.gov (United States)

We report herein on 5 patients with odontogenic maxillary sinusitis caused by a dental restoration (caries cutting, cavity preparation, inlay restoration). Odontogenic maxillary sinusitis was noted following dental restoration. Even though the pulp cavity and dental pulp were intact, the odontogenic maxillary sinusitis occurred caused by an apical lesion. Infection by way of the dentinal tubules was suggested to be a cause of the pathophysiology. Endoscopic sinus surgery was indicated in patients with intractable odontogenic maxillary sinusitis caused by the dental restoration. Cone-beam x-ray CT was useful for the accurate diagnosis of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis caused by a dental restoration. Physicians should thus be aware of the possibility that a tooth, which has undergone dental restoration, may cause odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. PMID:25102739

Sato, Kiminori

2014-06-01

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Orthopantomographic study of the maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The author has observed the orthopantomograms of the maxillary sinus which were taken by special exposure method to study mesiodistal dimension, shape, symmetrical relationship, bony septum of the maxillary sinus and relationship between upper lst molar and the maxillary sinus, that were selected 56 cases of 23 to 27 years old male, who have good systemic conditions and no missing teeth on upper posterior molar in normal occlusion, and obtained following conclusions: 1. Mesiodistal dimensions of the maxillary sinus are shown as follows; The mean of left dimension is 50.94 ± 8.34 mm and of right dimension is 49.50 ± 9.87 mm. 2. To the shape of the maxillary sinus, V or U shape are 33 cases(29.5%) and W shape are 77 cases (70.5%). 3. In the ralationship between upper lst molar and floor of the maxllary sinus, superimposition are 62 cases (55.36%) a nd approach are 50 cases (44.64%). 4. In the right and left symmetrical relationship of the maxillary sinus, symmetry are 37 cases (66.07%) and asymmetry are 19 cases (33.93%). 5. The bony septums in the maxillary sinuses revealed that presence of bony septums are 29 cases (25.8%) and absence ar e 83 cases (74.11%).

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Access to the maxillary sinus using a bone flap with sinus mucosal and mucoperiosteal pedicles.  

Science.gov (United States)

We describe a procedure for removing lesions in the maxillary sinus using bone flaps with the sinus mucosa and mucoperiosteum. The surgical design is to construct a rectangular trapdoor using 3 consecutive bur-cuts, fracture the upper margin, and lift the bone lid upward. The osteotomy site on the inferior, medial, and lateral sides of the bone lid was exposed subperiosteally, but the mucoperiosteal and sinus mucosal attachments on the superior and central areas of the lid were maintained. Then, following fracture of the upper bone margin, the lid was lifted upward. In this way, the integrity of the mucoperiosteum and sinus mucosa was maintained. Advantages of the bone flap with soft tissue pedicles technique may be quick recovery and restored integrity of the sinus wall, with a low probability of infection because of vascularization of the bone lid. To realize this, a bone flap with both sinus mucosal and mucoperiosteal pedicles is more suitable. PMID:20034819

Yura, Shinya; Kato, Takumi; Ooi, Kazuhuro; Izumiyama, Yuri

2010-02-01

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Carcinoma of the maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

From 1975 to 1986, 75 M0 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus were treated at the Department of Radiology, Tokyo University Hospital. The overall 5-year survival rate calculated with the Kaplan-Meier method was 24%. During the period of the study, the method of treatment used in our hospital changed. From 1975 to 1979 (the first period), the treatment of choice was low-dose irradiation and frequent necrotomy. From 1980 to 1982 (the second period), more extensive surgery was performed and 50 to 60 Gy of irradiation was given. The 5-year survival in the first period was 20%, that in the second 14%. From 1983 to 1986 (the third period), trimodal therapy (surgery+radiation+intra-arterial infusion) was introduced and 5-year survival was improved to 50%. Intra-arterial cisplatinum infusion and treatment planning using CT scans were especially useful in improving survival. (author)

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Treatment outcome of maxillary sinus cancer  

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Full Text Available The standard treatment in the early stage of maxillary sinus cancer is surgical resection followed by postoperative radiation therapy. However, for locally advanced maxillary sinus cancer, a multimodality treatment approach is strongly recommended to improve the survival rate and quality of life of the patient. We determined the treatment outcomes of induction chemotherapy, concurrent chemoradiation therapy, and surgical resection for locally advanced maxillary sinus cancer. Forty-four patients with locally advanced maxillary sinus cancer, who had been treated between January 1990 and April 2008 at Kangnam St. Mary's Hospital, were retrospectively analyzed. The objective response rates were 70%, 53%, and 57% in the intra-arterial induction chemotherapy, intravenous induction chemotherapy, and concurrent chemoradiation therapy groups, respectively. The orbital preservation rates were 83%, 100%, and 75% in the intra-arterial induction chemotherapy, intravenous induction chemotherapy, and surgical resection groups, respectively. In seven of nine patients in whom the orbit could be preserved after induction chemotherapy, the primary tumors were removed completely. However, although the orbits were preserved in three patients who underwent surgical resection as a primary treatment, all three cases were confirmed to be incomplete resections. We found that active induction chemotherapy for locally advanced cancer of the maxillary sinus increased the possibility of complete resection with orbital preservation as well as tumor down-staging.

Jin-Hyoung Kang

2009-12-01

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A case report of mucoid retention cyst in maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The author have observed mucoid retention cyst in the right maxillary sinus of the patient, 41 year old woman, complained discharging of purulent exudate on the right maxillary molar area, and obtained the following conclusions; 1. The mucoid retention cyst in maxillary sinus casts a faint dome shaped shadow into the radiolucent image of maxillary sinus. 2. The mucoid retention cyst in maxillary sinus may occurred without the history of trauma. 3. Intraoral standard films are also valuable for the interpretation of the lesions in maxillary sinus but only extraoral roentgenograms.

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Carcinoma of the maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A retrospective review of 124 patients of carcinoma of the maxillary sinus treated at Kurume University Hospital from 1971 to 1980 was completed. Of these 124 patients, 111 patients had not been previously treated and underwent curative treatment, 8 patients underwent palliative treatment, and 5 patients were those who had been previously treated at other clinics. The results of this retrospective studies are summarized as follows: 1) In the 58 patients who were followed up for 5 years or more after the onset of initial curative treatment, the 3- and 5-year crude survival rates calculated by direct method were 58.6% and 51.7%, respectively. 2) In the 111 patients who underwent curative treatments, the 3- and 5-year cumulative survival rates calculated by the actuarial method were 61.8% and 52.3%, respectively. 3) Among various factors which can be determined before the treatment, T category and L.V. histological classification were considered to be useful in order to estimate the prognosis. 4) With respect to T categorization, the JJC proposal proved to be better than the AJC proposal. 5) The majority of causes of deaths was uncontrolled primary lesion. Involvement of the cervical lymph nodes were controlled in most cases and distant metastasis were not frequent. 6) As for the treatments, the best modalities appeared to be the following two combinations: (1) infusion, radiation and necrotomy followed by an eradicating surgery and (2) infusion, radiation and necrotomy and (2) infusion, radiation and necrotomy associated with a mass reduction surgery. 7) Three year crude survival rate calculated by direct method was equally 80.0% in the above two combination therapies. Final conclusions on the comparison between these two Combination treatments await further follow-up studies of more patients. (author)

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Endoscopic middle meatal antrostomy in treatment of maxillary sinus mucoceles  

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Full Text Available Background/Aim. Mucocele of a paranasal sinus is a benign non-neoplastic condition characterized by cystic expansion and distension of the sinus cavity by retained mucoid secretions. Etiology is unknown. The purpose of this study was to estimate the efficiency of the endoscopic middle meatal antrostomy (MMA as a treatment modality in patients with maxillary sinus mucoceles. Methods. This retrospective study involved 11 patients with maxillary sinus mucoceles/pyoceles treated endoscopically in the Clinic for Otorhinolaryngology of Military Medical Academy, Belgrade over a 3-year period (2005-2007. The presented symptoms and signs, radiological and pathohistological findings and surgical treatment were reviewed. Results. There were four females and seven males, age 22 to 65 years (mean 33 years. Two patients were with allergic rhinitis. All the patients complained of nasal obstruction, ten had facial pain, seven had nasal discharge, five had cheek pressure, and four had epiphora, and four had headaches. On endoscopic nasal examination, the medial wall of the maxillary sinus was bulging in ten patients. Purulent drainage was seen in eight patients, septal deviation in ten, and polyps were found in two of the patients. The MMA and marsupialization of the mucocele were performed in all the patients. On histopathological examination, the mucocele wall showed a lining composed of respiratory epithelium. Postoperative follow-up ranged between 8 and 44 months (in six patients, it ranged from 24 to 44 months. No patients required revision surgery. Conclusion. The MMA with mucocele marsupialization abolishes middle meatal obstruction and establishes better drainage and ventilation of the maxillary sinus and restitution of its mucosa.

Peri? Aleksandar

2009-01-01

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Variations of maxillary sinus and accompanying anatomical and pathological structures.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hypoplasia and aplasia of maxillary sinus, maxillary sinus septae, ethmomaxillary sinus, superior meatus-draining maxillary sinus, and over-pneumatization are the variations of maxillary sinuses. Findings such as uncinate process abnormality, orbital enlargement, sphenomaxillary plate, canine fossa elevation, infraorbital fissure enlargement, thickening of the sinus wall and mucosal pathologies can be seen together with these variations. The aim of this study is to determine the incidence and morphology of the anatomical variations of maxillary sinus and accompanying structures. A total of 330 consecutive paranasal sinus computed tomography scans of the patients presenting with sinonasal complaints at our ENT department were assessed for maxillary sinus anatomical variations and related structures. There were 134 (20.3%) anteriorly and 17 (2.5%) posteriorly localized maxillary sinus bony septa. The position of antral septa was frequently vertical at anterior, and horizontal at posterior. We found significant correlation between the anteriorly localized maxillary sinus septa and infraorbital fissure enlargement. Maxillary sinus hypoplasia was found in 31 (4.6%) maxillary sinuses. Seven (1.0%) ethmomaxillary sinuses were assessed. Significant correlation was found between maxillary sinus hypoplasia and orbital enlargement. Presence of mucosal pathology was significant in patients with maxillary sinus septa, but there was no difference when it was compared with the mucosal pathology in the nonseptated group. There was no significant correlation between other anatomical variations and mucosal pathologies. Determining the anatomical variations of maxillary sinus and accompanying structures in patients planning endoscopic sinus surgery will significantly help with providing surgical orientation and preventing possible complications. PMID:18216682

Selcuk, Adin; Ozcan, Kursat Murat; Akdogan, Ozgur; Bilal, Nagihan; Dere, Huseyin

2008-01-01

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Radiologic study of the maxillary sinusitis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radiographic features of maxillary sinusitis, type of mucosal thickening, types of bony wall change, and relationship between the radiographic features and symptoms of patients were observed and classified in the Waters' view of 360 patients with 441 maxillary sinuses demonstrating radiologic change was observed in the 154 periapical films. Finally, the value of orthopantomography in the diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis was evaluated in the 138 cases, The obtained results were as followings. 1. Among 441 maxillary sinuses examine by Waters' projection, mucosal thickening was seen in 56.7% and generalized opacification was seen in 36.3%. 2. Among 270 mucosal thickenings classified 8 types, overall regularly thickened type cortical plates was the highest in incidence (36.3%). 3. Bony wall change was seen in 35.6% of all cases and the indistinct while line of the cortical plates was the highest in incidence (78.2%) among the 6 types. 4. Pain (419%) and pus discharge (21.0%) were the most frequent symptoms. And pus discharge, foul odor, and headache was more prevalent in type of generalized opacification than any other types. 5. Regular pneumatization involving all roots of premolars and molars was the highest in incidence (55.0%). The first molar presented the most frequent involvement (61.0%). 6. In orthopantomography, 46.4% showed apparent increased radiopacity and 23.9% showed suspicious increased radiopacity in comparison to Water's projection.Water's projection.

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A case report of antrolith in the maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The antrolith is a rare disease in the maxillary sinus. We experienced a 67-year-old female whose chief complaint was an intermittent dull pain of clinical, radiological and histological findings, we diagnosed it as antrolith in the left maxillary sinus and obtained results as follows: 1. Three radiopaque substances in the left maxillary sinus were revealed as 'Antroliths'. 2. These antroliths were movable in the left maxillary antrum and combined with maxillary sinusitis. 3. We supposed it internal origin of nidus in this case.

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Mucosal cavernous hemangioma of the maxillary sinus.  

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Mucosal cavernous hemangiomas of maxillary sinus and the lateral nasal wall are seldom encountered and difficult to diagnose with misleading radiologic features like bone erosion and heterogeneity due to patchy contrast uptake. The overall picture mimicking sinonasal malignancy, it is unclear whether there is true breach in the bone or remodeling due to the lesion's chronicity. Interestingly, it often does not bleed as expected during surgery, questioning the use of therapeutic embolization and pre-intervention vascular shrinkage. The clinical presentation and management protocol of sinonasal cavernous hemangiomas seem greatly individualized. We here present a patient with cavernous hemangioma of maxillary sinus and discuss the distinguishing clinical, histologic and imaging characteristics and subsequent management options, and attempt to establish the findings as the basis of considering it as an important differential diagnosis of radiologically heterogeneous sinonasal mass with suspected bone erosions presenting with nasal obstruction and epistaxis, mostly in young women. PMID:25644804

Dutta, Mainak; Kundu, Sohag; Barik, Sabyasachi; Banerjee, Shoham; Mukhopadhyay, Subrata

2015-02-01

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Aggressive fibrous dysplasia of the maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Five of 34 patients (ages 4-21 years), who were subsequently diagnosed histologically as having fibrous dysplasia of the maxillary sinus, rapidly developed soft tissue masses of the malar region over a period of less than 4 months with accompanying pain (2 patients) and nasal obstruction and exophthalmos (2 patients). Each was clinically suspected of having a sarcoma. After resection, all lesions developed regrowth. At histopathologic examination, both initial and recurrent masses proved to be typical fibrous dysplasia. (orig./UWA)

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Prognostic factors of maxillary sinus epithelial carcinoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the relation between clinicopathological character- isties and prognosis in maxillary sinus epithelial carcinoma (ECMS). Methods: 124 such patients were reviewed retrospectively. There were treated by radiotherapy alone (RT-, 40 patients), surgery alone(S-, 18 patients)and combined modality therapy (R+ S-, 66 patients). Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the survival, Logrank test was used to compared the difference between groups. Multivariate analysis was performed by Cox proportional hazard model. Results: The overall 5-year survival, cancer-specific survival and progression-free survival rates were 32.5%, 37.4% and 27.2%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that tumor location, histological type, T stage, N stage, clinical stage and treatment modality were associated with cancer-specific survival and progression-free sur- vival, while age was only associated with cancer-specific survival. Multivariate analysis indicated that histological type, T stage, clinical stage and treatment modality were independent prognostic factors. Conclusions: T stage and clinical stage are the independent prognostic factors for maxillary sinus epithelial carcinoma. Prophylactic neck irradiation is necessary even for T3-T4N0 patients. The best treatment strategy for maxillary sinus carcinoma needs further research. (authors)

29

Surgical removal of dental implants displaced into the maxillary sinus  

OpenAIRE

The accidental displacement of roots, endodontic materials and dental implants into the maxillary sinus are relatively common complications in dental clinical practice. The purpose of this study is to present four cases of displaced dental implant into maxillary sinus, their treatment as well as the prevention of this condition. There are three different major approaches to remove materials displaced into the maxillary sinus: suction from the socket of an extracted tooth, the classical open s...

Chrcanovic Ramos Bruno; Custódio Neto Luís Antônio

2009-01-01

30

Primary malignant lymphoma of the maxillary sinus: CT and MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We reviewed the CT and MRI of seven patients with primary malignant lymphoma of the maxillary sinus to find if there are characteristic imaging findings suggestive of the disease. The images were analysed for appearance, size, signal, internal characteristics, extent of tumour, bone change and lymph node enlargement. In two patients, the tumour first presented with mucosal thickening. In the remaining five, the tumours were an expansile mass 4-6 cm in diameter at the time of detection. Although it was difficult to distinguish tumour from mucosa or obstructed fluid on CT, T2-weighted MRI enabled us to separate tumour from normal mucosa or fluid. In two patients, the tumours were heterogeneous. Calcification and haemorrhage were observed in one patient. Periantral soft-tissue infiltration was always present, even when tumour appeared as slight mucosal thickening. Posterior extension was seen in all patients. Permeative and lytic bone destruction accompanied most cases of periantral soft-tissue infiltration; mixed destruction and sclerosis was also observed. Mucosal thickening with periantral soft-tissue infiltration may suggest malignant lymphoma of the maxillary sinus in its early form. Various types of bone change may accompany the periantral soft-tissue infiltration. (orig.)

31

Primary malignant lymphoma of the maxillary sinus: CT and MRI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We reviewed the CT and MRI of seven patients with primary malignant lymphoma of the maxillary sinus to find if there are characteristic imaging findings suggestive of the disease. The images were analysed for appearance, size, signal, internal characteristics, extent of tumour, bone change and lymph node enlargement. In two patients, the tumour first presented with mucosal thickening. In the remaining five, the tumours were an expansile mass 4-6 cm in diameter at the time of detection. Although it was difficult to distinguish tumour from mucosa or obstructed fluid on CT, T2-weighted MRI enabled us to separate tumour from normal mucosa or fluid. In two patients, the tumours were heterogeneous. Calcification and haemorrhage were observed in one patient. Periantral soft-tissue infiltration was always present, even when tumour appeared as slight mucosal thickening. Posterior extension was seen in all patients. Permeative and lytic bone destruction accompanied most cases of periantral soft-tissue infiltration; mixed destruction and sclerosis was also observed. Mucosal thickening with periantral soft-tissue infiltration may suggest malignant lymphoma of the maxillary sinus in its early form. Various types of bone change may accompany the periantral soft-tissue infiltration. (orig.)

Yasumoto, M.; Shibuya, H. [Department of Radiology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University (Japan); Taura, S.; Honda, M. [Department of Radiology, Saiseikai Utsunomiya Hospital, Tokyo (Japan)

2000-04-01

32

Radiological diagnosis of maxillary sinus aspergillosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aspergillosis of the maxillary sinuses shows an increasing incidence in even otherwise healthy patients. Next to inhalation as the mode of infection, a dental root canal filling with an orosinusal fistula can be the cause. As most infections remain initially undetected or underestimated as common sinusitis, early diagnosis must be achieved. Standard X-ray of the paranasal sinuses, conventional tomography as well as CT scans are of major importance. Centrally located hyperdense opacifications are a good criterion and can be best seen in CT. Even when the case has not progressed too much, radical surgery combined with Amphotericin B therapy is still the treatment of choice since the infection may progress rapidly. (orig.)

33

Cholesterol granuloma of the maxillary sinus  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Granuloma de colesterol (GC) é uma reação de corpo estranho a deposição de cristais de colesterol, usualmente encontrado em associação com doenças crônicas do ouvido médio, sendo bastante incomum nos seios paranasais. O objetivo deste artigo é relatar um caso de GC no seio maxilar de um homem de 22 [...] anos de idade, manifestando-se como aumento de volume na maxila direita, associado a dor e obstrução nasal. Cortes de tomografia computadorizada (TC) mostraram opacificação completa do seio maxilar direito com expansão e destruição do osso cortical. A biópsia revelou uma massa sólida ocupando o seio maxilar e o exame histológico mostrou uma reação de corpo estranho aos cristais de colesterol. Os achados microscópicos associados à vitalidade dos dentes, imagens em TC e ausência de cavidade durante o procedimento cirúrgico foram compatíveis com o diagnóstico de GC do seio maxilar. A excisão cirúrgica completa da massa sob anestesia geral foi sugerida, mas o paciente não retornou para concluir o tratamento. O GC deve ser incluído no diagnóstico diferencial das doenças que causam opacificação dos seios paranasais, especialmente as sinusites e lesões císticas e tumorais. Abstract in english Cholesterol granuloma (CG) is a foreign body reaction to the deposition of cholesterol crystals, usually found in association to chronic middle ear diseases, being highly uncommon in the paranasal sinuses. This article reports a case of CG in the maxillary sinus of a 22-year-old man, manifesting as [...] a swelling on the right maxilla associated with pain and nasal obstruction. Computed tomography (CT) imaging showed complete opacification of the right maxillary sinus with cortical bone expansion and destruction. Incisional biopsy showed a solid mass filling the sinus and histological examination showed foreign body reaction to cholesterol crystals. The microscopic findings associated to tooth vitality, CT images and absence of a cavity during the surgical procedure were compatible with the diagnosis of CG of the maxillary sinus. Complete surgical excision of the mass under general anesthesia was suggested, but the patient did not return to conclude the treatment. CG must be included in differential diagnosis of diseases that cause opacification on the paranasal sinuses, especially sinusitis, and cystic and tumoral lesions.

Cinthya Bessa da Motta, Almada; Debora Rodrigues, Fonseca; Rachel Rego, Vanzillotta; Fábio Ramôa, Pires.

34

Frequency of the odontogenic maxillary sinusitis extended to the anterior ethmoid sinus and response to surgical treatment  

OpenAIRE

Objectives: Odontogenic sinusitis usually affects the maxillary sinus but may extend to the anterior ethmoid sinuses. The purpose of this study is to determine the percentage of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis extended to the anterior ethmoid sinuses and determine also the surgical resolution differences between odontogenic maxillary sinusitis and odontogenic maxillary associated to anterior ethmoidal sinusitis. Study Design: This is a retrospective cohort study performed on 55 patients d...

Crovetto-marti?nez, Rafael; Martin-arregui, Francisco J.; Zabala-lo?pez-de-maturana, Aitor; Tudela-cabello, Kiara; Crovetto-de La Torre, Miguel A.

2014-01-01

35

Pneumatisation of the maxillary sinus in normal and symptomatic children  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The pattern of pneumatisation and normal width of the maxillary sinus in 191 Nigerian infants and children whose age range was 6 months to 14 years was determined. Fifty-four percent of children with no respiratory tract or sinus infection had opaque maxillary sinus. A figure of 44.5% was obtained amongst children with suspected bronchopneumonia. Only 41.5% of suspected cases of sinusitis, acute and chronic middle ear disease had opaque sinus. The highest rate of sinus opacity was seen in children under 2 years who were asymptomatic. The mean maximal width of normally aerated sinus was 8.74 mm for children under 2 years, 16.5 mm for 3-6 years, 21.5 mm for 7-11 years and 25 mm for children 12 years and above. We conclude that maxillary sinus opacity in our experience is an unreliable index for the diagnosis of sinusitis in children. (orig.)

36

Maxillary sinus pneumatization after maxillary molar extraction assessed with cone beam computed tomography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to examine the inferior expansion of the maxillary sinus floor following maxillary molar extraction. Cone beam computed tomographic images of 59 subjects were used to evaluate the height difference of the maxillary sinus floor between extraction sites and contralateral dentate sites. The height of the maxillary sinus floor was defined as the vertical distance to the Frankfort plane from the level of the anterior nasal spine to the most inferior point of the sinus floor. We examined the difference in sinus pneumatization according to the number of missing teeth and the vertical relationship of the molar roots to the sinus floor. The inferior expansion of the maxillary sinus floor was 1.20 ± 1.86 mm on the maxillary first molar and 1.90 ± 2.42 mm on the maxillary second molar. Increased expansion was observed in cases where two proximate molars were extracted. There was no significant difference in sinus pneumatization following extraction according to the vertical relationship of the molar roots to the sinus floor. The results of this study confirm that sinus pneumatization occurs following maxillary molar extraction. In situations where pneumatization can affect treatment after molar extraction, three-dimensional radiography should be considered.

37

Maxillary sinus pneumatization after maxillary molar extraction assessed with cone beam computed tomography  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of this study was to examine the inferior expansion of the maxillary sinus floor following maxillary molar extraction. Cone beam computed tomographic images of 59 subjects were used to evaluate the height difference of the maxillary sinus floor between extraction sites and contralateral dentate sites. The height of the maxillary sinus floor was defined as the vertical distance to the Frankfort plane from the level of the anterior nasal spine to the most inferior point of the sinus floor. We examined the difference in sinus pneumatization according to the number of missing teeth and the vertical relationship of the molar roots to the sinus floor. The inferior expansion of the maxillary sinus floor was 1.20 {+-} 1.86 mm on the maxillary first molar and 1.90 {+-} 2.42 mm on the maxillary second molar. Increased expansion was observed in cases where two proximate molars were extracted. There was no significant difference in sinus pneumatization following extraction according to the vertical relationship of the molar roots to the sinus floor. The results of this study confirm that sinus pneumatization occurs following maxillary molar extraction. In situations where pneumatization can affect treatment after molar extraction, three-dimensional radiography should be considered.

Jung, Yu Hoa; Nah, Kyung Soo; Cho, Bong Hae [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

2009-09-15

38

Aspergilloma of the maxillary sinus: report of a case  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aspergilloma of the paranasal sinus is a non-invasive form of aspergillosis, most often in the maxillary sinus. This case presents an 86-year-old female with aspergilloma of the left maxillary sinus. The patient's chief complaint was intermittent pain on the left maxillary first premolar area. A radiopacification of the left maxillary sinus was observed on the panoramic radiograph. Cone-beam computed tomography revealed complete radiopacification of the left maxillary sinus and scattered multiple radiopaque mass inside the lesion. Biopsy was performed under local anesthesia. On microscopic examination, numerous fungal hyphae, which branch at acute angle, were observed. The diagnosis was made as an aspergilloma based on the histopathologic examination.

39

Maxillary sinusitis - a comparative study of different imaging diagnosis methods  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We conducted prospective study comparing different methods (plain X-rays, computed tomography and ultrasonography mode-A) for the initial diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis. Twenty patients (40 maxillary sinuses) with a clinical history suggestive of sinusitis included in this study. The results were classified as abnormal or normal, using computed tomography as gold standard. The sensitivity for ultrasonography and plain X-rays was 84.6% and 69.2%, respectively. The specificity of both methods was 92.6%. This study suggests that ultrasonography can be used as a good follow-up method for patients with maxillary. sinusitis. (author)

40

Decreased mucosal oxygen tension in the maxillary sinuses in patients with cystic fibrosis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the sinuses plays a role in the lungs in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, but little is known about the sinus environment where the bacteria adapt. Anoxic areas are found in the lower respiratory airways but it is unknown if the same conditions exist in the sinuses. Methods The oxygen tension (pO2) was measured, using a novel in vivo method, in the maxillary sinus in a group of 20 CF patients. Results The CF patients had a significant lower pO2 on the mucosa but not in the sinus lumen as compared with a control group of non-CF patients. Anoxic conditions were found in 7/39 (18%) of the sinuses from where we cultured P. aeruginosa, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and/or coagulase negative staphylococci. Conclusion These findings support our hypothesis that P. aeruginosa can adapt or acclimate to the environment in the lungs, during growth in anoxic parts of the paranasal sinuses.

Aanaes, Kasper; Rickelt, Lars Fledelius

2011-01-01

41

Positional relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the apex of the maxillary first molar using cone beam computed tomograph  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To assess the positional relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the apex of the maxillary first molar using cone beam computed tomograph (CBCT). CBCTs from 127 subjects were analysed. A total of 134 maxillary first molars were classified according to their vertical and horizontal positional relationship to the maxillary sinus floor and measured according to the distance between the maxillary sinus floor and the maxillary first molar. Type III (The root projected laterally on the sinus cavity but its apex is outside the sinus boundaries) was dominated between 10 and 19 years and type I (The root apex was not in contact with the cortical borders of the sinus) was dominated (P<0.05) between 20 and 72 years on the vertical relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the apex of the maxillary first molar. The maxillary sinus floor was located more at the apex (78.2%) than at the furcation (21.3%) for the palatal root. The distance from the root apex to the maxillary sinus floor confined to type I was increased according to the ages (P<0.05). Type M (The maxillary sinus floor was located between the buccal and the palatal root) was most common (72.4%) on the horizontal relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the apex of the maxillary first molar. CBCT can provide highly qualified images for the maxillary sinus floor and the root apex of the maxillary first molar.

42

A clinical analysis of maxillary sinus cancer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Thirty-two patients (23 males, 9 females) with maxillary sinus cancer were treated at Kyushu University Hospital during 2000-2008. They were classified by T classification as 5 cases with T2, 13 with T3, 12 with T4a, and 2 with T4b. Between 2000 and 2003, 16 patients were given irradiation, intra-arterial 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) infusion chemotherapy, maxillectomy and postoperative irradiation. After 2004, two patients with T4b maxillary sinus cancer were treated by superselective intra-arterial chemotherapy with Cisplatin (CDDP) and Docetaxel (DOC) and irradiation. Other patients were given irradiation and chemotherapy with S-1 and intra-arterial infusion of 5-FU. The 3-year survival rate was 68.3% for all patients. The 3-year survival rate was 74.6% for patients treated after 2004, whereas it was 62.5% for patients treated between 2000 and 2003. Chemotherapy with S-1 or superselective intra-arterial chemotherapy with CDDP and DOC improved cause-specific survival rates. (author)

43

Radiotherapy for carcinoma of the maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The relationship between the radiation dosage and the prognosis was studied retrospectively. The subjects of this study were 82 patients with maxillary sinus cancer who had been treated by combining therapy (surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy) between 1971 and 1987. During this period, the strategy of the surgery and chemotherapy was the same. Since the prognosis of the T4 cases was poor regardless of the radiation dosage, the T4 cases were excluded from the following discussion. Sixty four cases of T3 and T2 were classified into three groups according to the radiation dosage: more than 40 Gy (8 cases), between 40 and 16 Gy (23 cases) and less than 16 Gy (33 cases). The five-year survival rate of each group was 37%, 65% and 79% respectively. From these statistics, it can be concluded that the higher the radiation dosage was, the worse the prognosis was. Besides this relationship between the dosage and the prognosis, since the unfavorable side effects of the radiation becomes worse as the dosage is increased, the radiation dosage should be reduced for the treatment of the maxillary sinus cancer. Radiation of 16 Gy (8 Gy preoperatively and 8 Gy postoperatively) gave us satisfactory results for the cases below T3. However, since T4 cases showed poor prognosis with this radiation scheme, further study is required. (author)

44

Maxillary sinus carcinoma: result of radiation therapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This hundred and sixteen patients with carcinoma of the maxillary sinus received primary therapy consisting of external beam irradiation alone or in combination with surgery and/or chemotherapy at the Department of Radiology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University Hospital, between 1953 and 1982. In our institution, methods of treating cancer of the maxillary sinus have been changed from time to time and showed different control rates and clinical courses. An actuarial 10-year survival rate of 21% has been obtained by the megavoltage irradiation alone as well as 34% actuarial 10-year survival rate by megavoltage irradiation with surgery. After the introduction of conservative surgery followed by conventional trimodal combination therapy, the local control rate has been improved. The amount of functional, cosmetic, and brain damages have been remarkably decreased by this mode of therapy. The actuarial five year survival rate was 67%. In addition, along with the improvement of the local control rate, the control of nodal and distant organ metastases have been emerging as one of the important contributions to the prognosis of this disease

45

CT-MPR invaluable in diagnosing odontogenic maxillary sinusitis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In everyday examination, it is usual to encounter odontogenic maxillary sinusitis patients. Odontogenic maxillary sinusitis is generally best diagnosed by dental X-ray imaging. Many medical facilities not having a dental X-ray unit use coronal computed tomography (CT) images to diagnose odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Coronal CT imaging causes artifacts, however due to dental prosthesises. Computed tomography-Multiplanar reformation (CT-MPR) imaging has proved useful in evaluating the paranasal sinus because it is not influenced by dental prosthesises. We evaluated the usefulness of CT-MPR for diagnosing odontogenic maxillary sinusitis by retrospectively analyzing 16 patients, with the following results. We couldn't diagnose all cases of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis in posteroanterior and Waters projection images. Panoramic radiography is needed to diagnose odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Dental X-ray imaging missed some cases, but all cases were diagnosed by CT-MPR imaging, giving a 100% diagnosestic rate. CT-MPR imaging is thus at least as valuable or better than dental X-ray imaging in diagnosing odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. (author)

Aoki, Hideaki; Shimazu, Kaoru; Kamada, Morito; Shiroyama, Akihiro; Mouri, Daisuke; Yamashita, Masashi; Kawasaki, Yasunori; Koseki, Takakazu; Mouri, Manabu [Osaka Dental Univ. (Japan)

2001-08-01

46

Radiation Therapy of Maxillary Sinus Cancer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Maxillary sinus cancers usually are locally advanced and involve the structures around sinus. It is uncommon for this cancer to spread to the regional lymphnodes. For this reason, local control is of paramount important for cure. A policy of combined treatment is generally accepted as the most effective means of enhancing cure rates. This paper reports our experience of a retrospective study of 31 patients treated with radiation therapy alone and combination therapy of surgery and radiation. Materials and Methods: Between July 1974 and January 1992, 47 patients with maxillary sinus cancers underwent either radiation therapy alone or combination therapy of surgery and radiation. Of these, only 31 patients were eligible for analysis. The distribution of clinical stage by the AJCC system was 26%(8/31) for T2 and 74%(23/31) for T3 and T4. Eight patients had palpable lymphadenopathy at diagnosis. Primary site was treated by Cobalt-60 radiation therapy using through a 45 .deg. wedge-pair technique. Elective neck irradiation was not routinely given. Of these 8 patients, the six who had clinically involved nodes were treated with definite radiation therapy. The other two patients had received radical neck dissection. The twenty-two patients were treated with radiation alone and 9 patients were treated with combination radiation therapy. The RT alone patients with RT dose less than 60 Gy were 9 and those above 60 Gy were 13. Results: The overall 5 year survival rate wesults: The overall 5 year survival rate was 23.8%. The 5 year survival rate by T-stage was 60.5% and 7.9% for T2 and T3, 4 respectively. Statistical significance was found by T-stage (p30.1). The 5 year survival rate for RT alone and combination RT was 22.5% and 27.4%, respectively. The primary local control rate was 65%(20/31). Conclusion: This study did not show significant difference in survival between RT alone and combination RT. There is still much controversy with regard to which treatment is optimum. Improved RT technique and development of multimodality treatment are essential to improve the local control and the survival rate in patients with advanced maxillary sinus cancer

47

Measurement of maxillary sinus volume using Computed Tomography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To propose a standard value for the maxillary sinus volume of a normal Korean adult by measuring the width and height of the sinus and analyzing their correlation and the difference of the sinus size respectively between sexes, and on the right and left sides. Fifty-two (95 maxillary sinuses) out of 20 years or over aged patients who had taken CT in the Department of Dental Radiology, Yonsei University, Dental Hospital, between February 1997 and July 1999 who were no specific symptom, prominent bony septa, pathosis, clinical asymmetry and history of surgery in the maxillary sinus were retrospectively analyzed. The mean transverse width, antero-posterior width, height and volume of the normal Korean adult's maxillary sinuses were 28.33 mm, 39.69 mm, 46.60 mm and 21.90 cm3, respectively. There was a significant sex difference in the sinus volume (p<0.05). In the mean antero-posterior width, height and volume of the sinus, no significant difference was observed between both sides. All four measurements showed a significant correlation between both sides (p<0.0001). The widths and height of the sinus all showed a significant correlation with the sinus volume (p<0.0001). In the Korean normal adult's maxillary sinus, males tended to be larger than females. Except for the transverse width, all of the measurements showed no significant difference between the right and left side, but significant correlations in the four measurements between both sides were observed.urements between both sides were observed. Thus, the overgrowth or undergrowth in the unilateral maxillary sinus may suggest a certain pathosis or developmental abnormalities in the maxillary sinus.

48

Antrolith in the maxillary sinus: an unusual complication of endoscopic sinus surgery  

OpenAIRE

Antrolith of the paranasal sinuses are rare entity which are usually asymptomatic, caused by calcification of a nidus and are detected incidentally on radiological examinations. We report a case which presented to us with features of pansinusitis six months after endoscopic sinus surgery. Radiological examination revealed a discrete bony density in the maxillary sinus blocking the ostiomeatal complex. The bony mass was removed endoscopically from the maxillary sinus with drainage of discharge...

Nair, Satish; James, Emmanuel; Dutta, Angshuman; Goyal, Sunil

2010-01-01

49

Roentgen examination of maxillary sinus, antral puncture and irrigation--a comparative study.  

Science.gov (United States)

The various radiological findings of maxillary sinus were compared to those at antral puncture and irrigation in patients with chronic maxillary sinusitis. It was noted that roentgen findings of opacity and fluid level of the maxillary sinus are definite evidences of sinus infection and a mucosal thickening is not an indication of sinus infection. PMID:2635402

Kurien, M; Raman, R; Job, A

1989-12-01

50

Forty cases of maxillary sinus carcinoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Forty patients with squamous cell carcinoma in the maxillary sinus were investigated between 1989 and 1999. They consisted of 28 males and 12 females. Their ages ranged from 18 to 84 years (mean 62 years). According to the 1987 UICC TNM classification system, 3 patients were classified as stage II, 3 were stage III and 34 were stage IV. The overall three-year and five-year survival rates were 52% and 44%, respectively. Local recurrence was observed in 11 stage IV cases and 10 of them were not controlled. For further improving the prognosis of such patients, new techniques such as skull base surgery, super selective intraarterial chemotherapy, and concurrent chemo-radiation should be included in the treatment regimen. (author)

51

CHOLESTEROL GRANULOMA: AN UNCOMMON CLINICAL ENTITY OF THE MAXILLARY SINUS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Cholesterol granuloma (CG is a foreign body reaction to the deposition of cholesterol crystals, usually found in association to chronic middle ear diseases, and highly uncommon in the paranasal sinuses. This article reports a case of a 30 year-old man, with complaints of postnasal discharge, cough and itching in bilateral ears. CT imaging showed polypoidal mass in left maxillary sinus. Endoscopic sinus surgery was performed, the cholesterol granuloma was removed from left maxillary sinus and tissue was submitted in our department for histopathological examination. It microscopically showed foreign body giant cell reaction to cholesterol crystals.

Sunita Singh

2014-10-01

52

Antrolith in the maxillary sinus: an unusual complication of endoscopic sinus surgery.  

Science.gov (United States)

Antrolith of the paranasal sinuses are rare entity which are usually asymptomatic, caused by calcification of a nidus and are detected incidentally on radiological examinations. We report a case which presented to us with features of pansinusitis six months after endoscopic sinus surgery. Radiological examination revealed a discrete bony density in the maxillary sinus blocking the ostiomeatal complex. The bony mass was removed endoscopically from the maxillary sinus with drainage of discharge and debris from the sinuses. Histopathological examination revealed an antrolith with bony nidus and calcium deposited around it. We present the imaging and review the present world literature on this rare complication of endoscopic sinus surgery. PMID:23120688

Nair, Satish; James, Emmanuel; Dutta, Angshuman; Goyal, Sunil

2010-01-01

53

Preoperative radiotherapy of maxillary sinus cancer  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This study was to evaluate the effectiveness of preoperative radiotherapy in maxillary sinus cancer. A retrospective analysis was done for 42 patients with maxillary sinus cancer who were treated with radiation with or without surgery from April 1986 to September 1996. There were 27 male and 15 female patients. Patients' age ranged from 24 to 75 years (median 56 years). Stage distribution showed 2 in T2, 19 in T3, and 21 in T4 lesions. The histologic type was squamous cell carcinoma in 38, undifferentiated carcinoma in 1, transitional cell carcinoma in 1, and adenoid cystic carcinoma in 2 patients, All patients were treated with radiation initially with a dosage range of 50.4-70.2 Gy (median 70.2 Gy) before further evaluation of remnant disease. Eleven patients were given induction chemotherapy (2 cycles of 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin) concurrently with radiotherapy. Six to eight weeks after radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy, computerized tomography (CT) of paranasal sinus was taken to evaluate remnant disease. If the CT finding showed remnant disease, a Caldwell-Luc procedure was done to get the specimen of suspicious lesions. A radical maxillectomy was done if the specimen was proven to contain malignancy. In contrast periodic follow-up examination was done without any radical surgery if the tissue showed only granulation tissue. Follow-up period ranged from 3 to 92 months with a median 16 months. Nine (21.4%) patients showed complete response (CR) and 33 patients (78.6%) showed persistent disease (PER) to initial radiotherapy. Among the 9 CR patients, 7 patients had no evidence of disease (NED), 1 patient had local failure, and 1 patient had regional failure. Among 33 PER patients, salvage total maxillectomy was done in 10 patients, and the surgery was not feasible or refused in 23 patients. Following the salvage radical surgery, 2 patients were NED and 8 patients were PER status. Overall and disease- free survival rate at 5 years was 23.1% and 16.7%, respectively. The only factors associated with the overall survival rate was the response to radiotherapy (p<0.01). The only factors associated with the overall survival rate was the response to radiotherapy. We could omit a radical mutilating surgery by preoperative irradiation in 7 of 42 patients (21.4%) so as to preserve their facial integrity.

Kim, Jae Chul; Park, In Kyu [College of Medicine, Kyungpook National Univ., Taegu (Korea, Republic of)

1998-09-01

54

Preoperative radiotherapy of maxillary sinus cancer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study was to evaluate the effectiveness of preoperative radiotherapy in maxillary sinus cancer. A retrospective analysis was done for 42 patients with maxillary sinus cancer who were treated with radiation with or without surgery from April 1986 to September 1996. There were 27 male and 15 female patients. Patients' age ranged from 24 to 75 years (median 56 years). Stage distribution showed 2 in T2, 19 in T3, and 21 in T4 lesions. The histologic type was squamous cell carcinoma in 38, undifferentiated carcinoma in 1, transitional cell carcinoma in 1, and adenoid cystic carcinoma in 2 patients, All patients were treated with radiation initially with a dosage range of 50.4-70.2 Gy (median 70.2 Gy) before further evaluation of remnant disease. Eleven patients were given induction chemotherapy (2 cycles of 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin) concurrently with radiotherapy. Six to eight weeks after radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy, computerized tomography (CT) of paranasal sinus was taken to evaluate remnant disease. If the CT finding showed remnant disease, a Caldwell-Luc procedure was done to get the specimen of suspicious lesions. A radical maxillectomy was done if the specimen was proven to contain malignancy. In contrast periodic follow-up examination was done without any radical surgery if the tissue showed only granulation tissue. Follow-up period ranged from 3 to 92 months with a median 16 months. Nine (21.4%) patients showed complete response (CR) and 33 pnts showed complete response (CR) and 33 patients (78.6%) showed persistent disease (PER) to initial radiotherapy. Among the 9 CR patients, 7 patients had no evidence of disease (NED), 1 patient had local failure, and 1 patient had regional failure. Among 33 PER patients, salvage total maxillectomy was done in 10 patients, and the surgery was not feasible or refused in 23 patients. Following the salvage radical surgery, 2 patients were NED and 8 patients were PER status. Overall and disease- free survival rate at 5 years was 23.1% and 16.7%, respectively. The only factors associated with the overall survival rate was the response to radiotherapy (p<0.01). The only factors associated with the overall survival rate was the response to radiotherapy. We could omit a radical mutilating surgery by preoperative irradiation in 7 of 42 patients (21.4%) so as to preserve their facial integrity

55

Metastasis of follicular thyroid carcinoma to the maxillary sinus  

OpenAIRE

Thyroid carcinoma metastatic to the paranasal sinuses is extremely rare. We report a case of follicular thyroid carcinoma metastatic to the right maxillary sinus, with extension into the right side of the hard palate in a young lady. A radioactive iodine-131 (I-131) scan post total thyroidectomy revealed 0.8% uptake in the neck; the whole body scan revealed a functioning metastasis in the region of the right maxillary antrum. Pathological confirmation of metastasis was done by correlating the...

Krishnamurthy, Arvind; Vaidhyanathan, Anitha; Krishna, Kumar R.

2010-01-01

56

Odontogenic maxillary sinusitis diagnosed using conebeam x-ray CT  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We evaluated the usefulness of conebeam x-ray CT in the diagnosis of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis in 21 patients. Among teeth causing odontogenic maxillary sinusitis, 95% had apical lesions after root canal treatment. Most root canals were filled with filling materials incompletely. Apical lesions in inappropriately treated teeth thus caused odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Conebeam CT involves 3-dimensional isotropic voxel image date in up to 512 frames for transaxial, coronal, and sagittal planes, so resolution in imaging on the body axis was especially high. Multiplanar reconstruction and volume rendering images at any optional plane could be obtained without interpolation. The relationship between causative teeth and the maxillary sinus could be observed and measured, and odontogenic maxillary sinusitis accurately diagnosed. In addition to the accurate diagnosis of apical lesions, maxilla, and maxillary sinus, periodontal ligament space, lamina dura, pulp cavity, root canal, canal-treated root, apical periodontitis, alveolar ostitis, marginal periodontitis of causative teeth could be observed. Metal artifacts were minimized, making conebeam CT useful in the diagnosis of periodontal tissue and causative teeth, including root-canal-treated and crown-restored teeth. (author)

57

Radiotherapy of malignant tumor of maxillary sinuses  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Sixty nine patients of malignant tumors of the maxillary sinuses were treated at the Yonsei Cancer Center from January 1970 to March 1978 by CO-60 teletherapy unit. We analyzed their clinical findings, histopathological findings, clinical staging, treatment and results. The results are as follows; 1. Male to female ratio was 3 : 1. The most prevalent age group was in fifth, sixth and seventh decades (82.6%). 2. Histologically, squamous cell carcinoma occurred most frequently which was 53 in 69 patients (76.8%). Lymphoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma were 3 patients (4.3%) respectively. 3. Maxillary swelling was most frequent clinical manifestation and can be seen in 50 out of 69 patients (72.5%). 4. Clinical staging according to TNM system proposed by Sisson can be done in 49 patients. Majority of patients were T-3 and T-4 and occupied 83.7% (41/49). According to Ohmgren's Line, tumor locating in infrastructure were 33 patients and in suprastructure 16 patients. 5. Among 69 patients, 59 patients were treated by radiation only, 5 patients were surgery plus radiation and 5 patients by chemotherapeutic infusion plus radiation. 6. In 31 patients who might be passed 5 years after treatment, follow up can be done in only 13 patients. 10 patients were treated by radiation only and 3 patients by surgery plus radiation. Presumed 5 year survival rate was 3/10 (30%) in patients with radiation only and 2/3 (66.7%) in patients with surgery plus radiation. Among 13 patients, 5 patieplus radiation. Among 13 patients, 5 patients occurred infrastructure and 5 patients in suprastructure. Mean survival months of patient with infrastructure were 49 months and suprastructure were 31.8 months.

58

Maxillary sinus carcinoma: Natural history and outcome  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To assess natural history, treatment outcome and pattern of relapse in patients with maxillary sinus carcinoma. A review was conducted of the medical records of all adult patients with maxillary sinus carcinoma, who were treated at King Faisal Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, between January 1990 and December 1999. A total of 60 patients were identified for analysis, 36 men and 24 women; the median age was 58-years (range 23-95). Major presenting symptoms were facial swelling 55%, facial pain 50%, and nasal obstruction 43.4%, with a median duration of 5-months (range 1-24). Histology was quamous cell carcinoma in 71.7% and adenoid cystic in 16.7%. They were restaged according to American Joint Committee on Cancer classification 1997 as II, III and IV in 1, 10 and 49. Thirty patients received treatment with curative intent (surgery in 4 patients, radiotherapy in 2, and combined modality in 24), 6 patients refused treatment and 24 were treated palliatively. With a median follow up of 50-months (range 2-128) in surviving patients treated with a curative intent, 12/30 failed locally, 4/30 in the regional neck nodes and 2/30 had systemic relapse. The actuarial 5-year overall survival (OS), relapse free survival (RFS) and local control rate (LC) were 55%, 39% and 51%. Treatment modality was the only significant prognostic factor for outcome, with 5 year OS, RFS and LC of 72%, 49% and 61%, for combined modality using surgery followed by radiotheodality using surgery followed by radiotherapy compared to 0% for single approach (p=0.0003, p=0.0052 and p=0.0098). This study indicates that the majority of our patients presented with advanced disease, resulting in poor outcome to conventional treatment modalities. Efforts should be directed to minimize the delay in diagnosis at the primary care level. Combined modality treatment should be offered to all patients with locally advanced disease. New approaches such as neoadjuvant or concurrent chemoradiotherapy with or without surgery need to be considered and evaluated in prospective studies. (author)

59

EPITHELIAL MYOEPITHELIAL CARCINOMA OF MAXILLARY SINUS —A DIAGNOSTIC DILEMMA  

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Full Text Available Epithelial – Myoepithelial Carcinoma (EMC is a rare malignant salivary gland neoplasm that most commonly occurs in the Parotid gland, but can also arise in the Minor Salivary Glands. EMC of the maxillary sinus extremely rare. We describe here a case of a 74-year-old patient who presented with maxillary swelling for 4months and nasal discharge for 3 months. Computed Tomography Scan revealed an expansile soft tissue mass in the left maxillary sinus eroding all its walls. In View of high suspicion of malignancy, Left maxillectomy was done. Histopathological examination confirmed Epithelial Myoepithelial Carcinoma with Positive Reaction to CK, Vimentin, Smooth Muscle Actin (SMA and S-100.

Rajeev Sen

2015-01-01

60

An Odontoma Found in the Wake of Maxillary Sinusitis Onset  

OpenAIRE

Sinusitis of dental origin is a relatively frequent entity, and odontomas are considered to be the most common odontogenic tumors of the oral cavity. Eruption and infection of odontomas are extremely rare. Here, we report an interesting case where odontoma was found in the wake of the maxillary sinusitis onset.

Megumi Sotobori; Kohei Marukawa; Masatoshi Higuchi; Ryuichi Nakazawa; Akinori Moroi; Yuri Ishihara; Ran Iguchi; Akihiko Kosaka; Hiroumi Ikawa; Koichiro Ueki

2013-01-01

61

An Odontoma Found in the Wake of Maxillary Sinusitis Onset  

Science.gov (United States)

Sinusitis of dental origin is a relatively frequent entity, and odontomas are considered to be the most common odontogenic tumors of the oral cavity. Eruption and infection of odontomas are extremely rare. Here, we report an interesting case where odontoma was found in the wake of the maxillary sinusitis onset. PMID:24383013

Sotobori, Megumi; Marukawa, Kohei; Higuchi, Masatoshi; Nakazawa, Ryuichi; Moroi, Akinori; Ishihara, Yuri; Iguchi, Ran; Kosaka, Akihiko; Ikawa, Hiroumi; Ueki, Koichiro

2013-01-01

62

Chronic maxillary sinusitis caused by root canal overfilling of Calcipex II.  

Science.gov (United States)

This is a case report of chronic maxillary sinusitis caused by root canal overfilling of Calcipex II (Techno-Dent). A 60 year-old male complained of dull pain in the right maxillary molar area after complicated endodontic treatment using Calcipex II paste and was finally diagnosed with a chronic maxillary sinusitis through a clinical and radiological observation. In the biopsy examination, the periapical granuloma contained a lot of dark and translucent Calcipex II granules which were not stained with hematoxylin and eosin. They were usually engulfed by macrophages but rarely resorbed, resulting in scattering and migrating into antral mucosa. Most of the Calcipex II granules were also accumulated in the cytoplasms of secretory columnar epithelial cells, and small amount of Calcipex II granules were gradually secreted into sinus lumen by exocytosis. However, chronic granulomatous inflammation occurred without the additional recruitment of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) and lymphocytes, and many macrophages which engulfed the Calcipex II granules were finally destroyed in the processes of cellular apoptosis. It is presumed that Calcipex II granules are likely to have a causative role to induce the granulomatous foreign body inflammation in the periapical region, and subsequently to exacerbate the chronic maxillary sinusitis in this study. PMID:24516832

Kim, Jin-Woo; Cho, Kyung-Mo; Park, Se-Hee; Park, Soh-Ra; Lee, Sang-Shin; Lee, Suk-Keun

2014-02-01

63

Implication of differences in the incidence of orbital emphysema in ethmoidal and maxillary sinus fractures.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the incidence of orbital emphysema in patients with fractures of the ethmoidal cells or maxillary sinus. We noted that mucosal destruction is essential for orbital emphysema to occur. Computed tomographic examination and intraoperative studies of 58 patients with orbital bone fracture were performed with the patients divided into 2 groups according to the location of the fracture lines. The incidences of orbital emphysema and of intrasinus hematoma were significantly higher in the group with medial orbital bone fracture of ethmoidal cells than in the group with maxillary sinus fracture, which indicates mucosal tear was significantly higher in the former group. Fractured lamina papyracea and intrasinus hematoma were observed in all cases with ethmoidal sinus fracture. On the other hand, intrasinus hematoma was not found in some cases with maxillary sinus fracture, blowout fracture of the orbital floor, or zygomatic bone fracture, while all cases with orbital emphysema were included in the cases with intrasinus hematoma. This suggests that the incidence of orbital emphysema depends on the occurrence of tearing of the mucosa of the paranasal sinus. PMID:15602254

Shinohara, Hiroshi; Shirota, Youichirou; Fujita, Kenya

2004-12-01

64

Methylene blue mediated laser therapy of maxillary sinusitis  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present work is a clinical study of photodynamic therapy of maxillary sinusitis. 0.1%-Methylene Blue aqueous solution in combination with He-Ne laser irradiation (632.8 nm) have been used for treatment of maxillary sinus mucous of patients with acute and chronic maxillary sinusitis. The differences between the results of the treatment with dye and light versus treatment with a drug for every group of patients were statistically analyzed by Student’s t test. The efficacy of the photodynamic therapy was estimated with the use of the following criteria: the state of respiration, olfaction, duration of purulent discharge, reconstruction of transport function of ciliary epithelium, etc. The obtained results have shown that the photodynamic therapy is effective in comparison with conservative methods of treatment of the disease.

Genina, E. A.; Bashkatov, A. N.; Chikina, E. E.; Knyazev, A. B.; Mareev, O. V.; Tuchin, V. V.

2006-07-01

65

Evaluation the success of osseointegrated implants in maxillary sinus grafts  

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Full Text Available Objective: To analyze implants placed in maxillary sinus grafts with biomaterial of bovine origin and platelet-rich plasma, observing bone neoformation and the clinical and histologic success rate presented.Methods: Analysis of the clinical findings was based on 36 maxillary sinus grafts with 101 implants placed in 30 patients with a mean age of 47 years, and the histologic analysis, based on nine samples of the 36 grafts performed, with a mean interval of 7.5 months time of the graft, the majority of patients being men with a mean age of 42 years. Results: Clinically, 91 implants placed were osseointegrated.Conclusion: Based on the results presented, it was concluded that when implants are placed in the maxillary sinus region grafted with biomaterial, they present a high success rate. ISRCTN24003246

Rubens Eduardo Gigli

2008-01-01

66

Estudo histológico e ultra-estrutural da mucosa do seio maxilar em pacientes com rinossinusite crônica e polipose nasossinusal Histology and ultrastructural study of the mucosa of the maxillary sinus in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and nasosinusal polyposis  

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Full Text Available Na rinossinusite crônica, a inflamação da mucosa nasossinusal provoca alterações qualitativas e quantitativas do epitélio respiratório que recobre toda a cavidade nasossinusal, levando à manutenção do quadro inflamatório. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Caso-controle. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Foram avaliados histopatologicamente dez pacientes com rinossinusite crônica (RC e polipose nasossinusal (PN por meio da história clínica e alérgica, estudo microbiológico, microscopia óptica, eletrônica de transmissão e varredura. RESULTADO: A diminuição do número de células colunares ciliadas, o aumento das células caliciformes, a diminuição do número de cílios por célula afetada e a metaplasia escamosa foram alterações freqüentemente encontradas nos casos de rinossinusite, explicando a persistência do quadro pela destruição no epitélio e quebra do sistema mucociliar.In chronic rhinosinusitis, inflammation of the rhinosinusal mucosa provokes qualitative and quantitative changes in the respiratory epithelium that lines the entire rhinosinusal cavity, leading to the maintenance of an inflammatory picture. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control. MATERIAL AND METHOD: In the present study we evaluated histopathologically ten patients with chronic rhinosinusitis on the basis of clinical and allergic history, microbiological study, and light, electron and scanning electron microscopy. RESULTS: A reduced number of ciliated columnar cells, an increase in goblet-like cells, a reduction in the number of cilia per affected cell and squamous metaplasia were changes frequently detected in the cases of rhinosinusitis, explaining the persistence of the signs and symptoms due to the destruction of the epithelium and to the breakdown of the mucociliary system.

João Vicente Dorgam

2004-01-01

67

Laser therapy of acute and chronic maxillary sinusitis  

Science.gov (United States)

The clinical results of photodynamic therapy of maxillary sinusitis have been presented. 0.1%-Methylene Blue aqueous solution in combination with He-Ne laser irradiation (632.8 nm) has been used for treatment of patients with acute and chronic maxillary sinusitis. Efficacy of the photodynamic therapy was estimated with the use of the following criteria: the state of respiration, olfaction, duration of purulent discharge, reconstruction of transport function of ciliary epithelium, etc. The obtained results have shown that the photodynamic therapy is effective in comparison with conservative methods of treatment of the diseases.

Bashkatov, Alexey N.; Genina, Elina A.; Chikina, Elena E.; Meglinski, Igor V.; Tuchin, Valery V.; Knyazev, Anatoly B.; Mareev, Oleg V.

2006-06-01

68

Maxillary sinus septa: comparison between panoramic radiography and CBCT  

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To investigate and compare the prevalence, size, and location of maxillary sinus septa on panoramic and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images.Two hundred patients who had taken both panoramic and CBCT images were included. The location of maxillary sinus septa on the panoramic radiographs were recorded and confirmed on the CBCT images. Also the size of septa was measured on the reformatted CBCT images. The prevalence of the patients who had maxillary sinus septa was 51.0% and they showed 179 septa totally. Among them 51.0% of the patients had one septum, 32.4% two septa, 13.7% three, and 2.9% four. The measured heights of the septa were 4.37 {+-} 2.87 mm, 3.51 {+-} 2.47 mm, and 3.04 {+-} 2.37 mm in the medial, middle, and lateral areas, respectively. It was revealed that 1.0% was located at canine region, 18.0% at first premolar, 25.0% at second premolar, 22.7% at first molar, 19.8% at second molar, and 14.0% at third molar region. Among 213 septa depicted by the panoramic radiographs, only 69.0% were confirmed at the CBCT images. Since various heights and courses of the septa can develop in all parts of the maxillary sinus, adequate assessment of the inner aspect of the maxillary sinus is essential to avoid complications during sinus augmentation procedures. CBCT scanning is the preferred radiographic method for detecting the presence of sinus septa.

Nah, Kyung Soo [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

2010-06-15

69

Maxillary sinus septa: comparison between panoramic radiography and CBCT  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To investigate and compare the prevalence, size, and location of maxillary sinus septa on panoramic and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images.Two hundred patients who had taken both panoramic and CBCT images were included. The location of maxillary sinus septa on the panoramic radiographs were recorded and confirmed on the CBCT images. Also the size of septa was measured on the reformatted CBCT images. The prevalence of the patients who had maxillary sinus septa was 51.0% and they showed 179 septa totally. Among them 51.0% of the patients had one septum, 32.4% two septa, 13.7% three, and 2.9% four. The measured heights of the septa were 4.37 ± 2.87 mm, 3.51 ± 2.47 mm, and 3.04 ± 2.37 mm in the medial, middle, and lateral areas, respectively. It was revealed that 1.0% was located at canine region, 18.0% at first premolar, 25.0% at second premolar, 22.7% at first molar, 19.8% at second molar, and 14.0% at third molar region. Among 213 septa depicted by the panoramic radiographs, only 69.0% were confirmed at the CBCT images. Since various heights and courses of the septa can develop in all parts of the maxillary sinus, adequate assessment of the inner aspect of the maxillary sinus is essential to avoid complications during sinus augmentation procedures. CBCT scanning is the preferred radiographic method for detecting the presence of sinus septa.

70

Estudo histológico e ultra-estrutural da mucosa do seio maxilar em pacientes com rinossinusite crônica e polipose nasossinusal / Histology and ultrastructural study of the mucosa of the maxillary sinus in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and nasosinusal polyposis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Na rinossinusite crônica, a inflamação da mucosa nasossinusal provoca alterações qualitativas e quantitativas do epitélio respiratório que recobre toda a cavidade nasossinusal, levando à manutenção do quadro inflamatório. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Caso-controle. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Foram avaliados histopatolo [...] gicamente dez pacientes com rinossinusite crônica (RC) e polipose nasossinusal (PN) por meio da história clínica e alérgica, estudo microbiológico, microscopia óptica, eletrônica de transmissão e varredura. RESULTADO: A diminuição do número de células colunares ciliadas, o aumento das células caliciformes, a diminuição do número de cílios por célula afetada e a metaplasia escamosa foram alterações freqüentemente encontradas nos casos de rinossinusite, explicando a persistência do quadro pela destruição no epitélio e quebra do sistema mucociliar. Abstract in english In chronic rhinosinusitis, inflammation of the rhinosinusal mucosa provokes qualitative and quantitative changes in the respiratory epithelium that lines the entire rhinosinusal cavity, leading to the maintenance of an inflammatory picture. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control. MATERIAL AND METHOD: In the pre [...] sent study we evaluated histopathologically ten patients with chronic rhinosinusitis on the basis of clinical and allergic history, microbiological study, and light, electron and scanning electron microscopy. RESULTS: A reduced number of ciliated columnar cells, an increase in goblet-like cells, a reduction in the number of cilia per affected cell and squamous metaplasia were changes frequently detected in the cases of rhinosinusitis, explaining the persistence of the signs and symptoms due to the destruction of the epithelium and to the breakdown of the mucociliary system.

João Vicente, Dorgam; Bruno Beltrão de, Souza; Sabrina Maria de Castro, Sarreta; Maria Dolores Seabra, Ferreira; Valder Rodrigues de, Melo; Wilma T., Anselmo-Lima.

2004-01-01

71

Extranodal Rosai-Dorfman disease of bone, subcutaneous tissue and paranasal sinus mucosa with a review of its pathogenesis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We report an unusual case of extranodal Rosai-Dorfman disease presenting in a 36-year-old man with lesions of bone, subcutaneous tissue of the arm and maxillary sinus mucosa unassociated with lymphadenopathy or systemic symptoms. These lesions appeared metachronously within a 6-month period. The diagnostic light microscopic and immunohistochemical findings and pathogenesis of this interesting disease are discussed. (orig.)

Yoon, Angela J.; Parisien, May [Columbia University Medical Center, Department of Pathology, Division of Surgical Pathology, New York (United States); Feldman, Frieda [Columbia University Medical Center, Department of Radiology, New York (United States); Young-In Lee, Francis [Children' s Hospital of New York-Presbyterian, Department of Surgery, Division of Orthopedic Surgery, New York (United States)

2005-10-01

72

Extranodal Rosai-Dorfman disease of bone, subcutaneous tissue and paranasal sinus mucosa with a review of its pathogenesis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report an unusual case of extranodal Rosai-Dorfman disease presenting in a 36-year-old man with lesions of bone, subcutaneous tissue of the arm and maxillary sinus mucosa unassociated with lymphadenopathy or systemic symptoms. These lesions appeared metachronously within a 6-month period. The diagnostic light microscopic and immunohistochemical findings and pathogenesis of this interesting disease are discussed. (orig.)

73

Maxillary Posterior Bone Height in Relation to Maxillary Sinus Floor in Indian Dentulous Population  

OpenAIRE

To establish a ratio of variable bone height (Infrazygomatic alveolar crest height) to constant bone height (Infraorbital zygomatic height) and, to estimate the relative sinus floor position from alveolar crest of maxillary first molar region of dentulous Indian males and females, using Digital panoramic radiographs. Panoramic radiographs of 74 patients were included in the study (37 male, 37 female) to measure maxillary posterior vertical bone height and their ratio in dentulous patients. Me...

Jain, A.; Chowdhary, R.

2013-01-01

74

Maxillary Antrolith: A Rare Cause of the Recurrent Sinusitis  

OpenAIRE

Introduction. An antrolith is a calcified mass within the maxillary sinus. The origin of the nidus of calcification may be extrinsic (foreign body in sinus) or intrinsic (stagnant mucus and fungal ball). Most antroliths are small and asymptomatic. Larger ones may present as sinusitis with symptoms like pain and discharge. Case Report. We report a case of a 47-year-old lady who presented with heaviness on the left side of the face and loosening of the left 2nd molar tooth since two months. CT ...

Vijendra Shenoy; Vinod Maller; Vijetha Maller

2013-01-01

75

Idiopathic bilateral antral exostoses: A rare case in maxillary sinus  

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CONCLUSION: The published data of exostoses in maxillary sinus seem to be limited in the dental literature, and this condition is important to consider in an implant treatment planning. Also, it is important to perform a follow-up of the cases in trying to find the possible causes of exostosis.

Eduardo Borie

2014-01-01

76

Morphometric analysis of the relationships between the maxillary first molar and maxillary sinus floor  

OpenAIRE

Objectives: To assess the relationships between the maxillary first molar and the maxillary sinus floor in a group of patients referred to a dental clinic. Methods: Ninety-seven patients were recruited for this study. The distances between the examined roots (mesio-buccal, disto-buccal and palatal) as well as furcations, and the sinus floor, were evaluated using cone beam computed tomography, and grouped as follows: class 0: distance = 0 mm; class 1: 0 mm < distance < 2 mm; class 2: 2 m...

Andreea Didilescu; Mugurel Rusu; Mihai S?ndulescu; Carmen Georgescu; Radu Ciuluvic?

2012-01-01

77

Removal of an upper third molar from the maxillary sinus.  

Science.gov (United States)

The maxillary sinus or antrum is the largest of the paranasal sinuses. It is located in the maxillary bone and has a proximity to the apexes of upper molars and premolars, which allows it to form a direct link between the sinus and the oral cavity. Dislocation of a foreign body or tooth to the interior of a paranasal sinus is a situation that can occur as a result of car accidents, firearm attacks, or iatrogenic in surgical procedures. Therefore, it is necessary to know how to treat this kind of situation. This study's objective is to report the case of a 23-year-old female patient, leucoderma, who sought treatment from the Surgical Unit at the Dental Faculty of the Federal University of Sergipe. She had a history of pain and edema in the right side of the genian region and two failed attempts at removing dental unit (DU) 18. The extraoral clinical exam revealed intense edema of the left hemiface with signs of infection, excoriation of the labial commissure, hematoma, a body temperature of 39°C, and a limited ability to open her mouth. The patient was medicated and treated surgically. The tooth was removed from the maxillary sinus with caution, as should have been done initially. PMID:25705524

Amorim, Klinger de Souza; da Silva, Vanessa Tavares; da Cunha, Rafael Soares; Souto, Maria Luisa Silveira; São Mateus, Carla Rocha; Souza, Liane Maciel de Almeida

2015-01-01

78

Removal of an Upper Third Molar from the Maxillary Sinus  

Science.gov (United States)

The maxillary sinus or antrum is the largest of the paranasal sinuses. It is located in the maxillary bone and has a proximity to the apexes of upper molars and premolars, which allows it to form a direct link between the sinus and the oral cavity. Dislocation of a foreign body or tooth to the interior of a paranasal sinus is a situation that can occur as a result of car accidents, firearm attacks, or iatrogenic in surgical procedures. Therefore, it is necessary to know how to treat this kind of situation. This study's objective is to report the case of a 23-year-old female patient, leucoderma, who sought treatment from the Surgical Unit at the Dental Faculty of the Federal University of Sergipe. She had a history of pain and edema in the right side of the genian region and two failed attempts at removing dental unit (DU) 18. The extraoral clinical exam revealed intense edema of the left hemiface with signs of infection, excoriation of the labial commissure, hematoma, a body temperature of 39°C, and a limited ability to open her mouth. The patient was medicated and treated surgically. The tooth was removed from the maxillary sinus with caution, as should have been done initially. PMID:25705524

Amorim, Klinger de Souza; da Silva, Vanessa Tavares; da Cunha, Rafael Soares; Souto, Maria Luisa Silveira; São Mateus, Carla Rocha; Souza, Liane Maciel de Almeida

2015-01-01

79

Aggressive inflammatory pseudotumor of the maxillary sinus and orbit.  

Science.gov (United States)

Inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) is a rare, locally aggressive, benign neoplasm of unknown etiology. It is uncommon in the head and neck region, particularly in the paranasal sinuses. We present an unusual case of IPT of the maxillary sinus and orbit in a 27-year-old woman who presented with cheek swelling, right orbital swelling, double vision, and associated fever and trismus. Computed tomography identified a mass with radiologic features suggestive of a malignancy of the maxillary sinus and orbit; the mass extended into the infratemporal fossa, parapharyngeal space, anterior antral wall, and surrounding soft tissue. A diagnosis of IPT was established on the basis of histologic and immunohistochemical analysis, which identified a proliferation of bland spindle cells and a mixed inflammatory cell infiltrate. Despite its aggressive appearance, IPT is associated with a good prognosis. Our patient was treated successfully with a combination of surgery, steroid therapy, and methotrexate. Chemotherapeutic agents are generally reserved for recalcitrant cases. PMID:24652559

Chong, Sheldon; Teh, Carren; Shashinder, Singh; Mun, Kein Seong; Viswaraja, Subrayan

2014-03-01

80

Large, expansile odontogenic cyst with bilateral maxillary sinus involvement.  

Science.gov (United States)

Residual cysts are common odontogenic lesions of the tooth-bearing areas of the jaws. A case of an unusually large residual cyst that crosses the maxillary midline and occupies portions of the maxillary sinuses is being reported. Investigations included a panoramic radiograph, CT scan and a biopsy. The differential diagnoses were common odontogenic lesions, including cysts and benign tumors. The value of advanced imaging modalities is stressed when determining the presence and extent of lesions in complex structures such as the maxilla. The need to visualize the entire lesion beyond what may be seen on intraoral views, as well as panoramic radiographs, is discussed. PMID:24558719

Strickland, Maxine; Singer, Steven R; Rinaggio, Joseph; Kim, Irene H; Mupparapu, Muralidhar

2013-12-01

81

Persistent Deciduous Molar as an Etiology for a Maxillary Sinus Mucocele  

OpenAIRE

Mucoceles are accumulations of trapped mucus, forming cystic expansile lesions. Maxillary sinus mucoceles are rare amongst paranasal sinus mucoceles, usually being a late sequel of Caldwell-Luc surgery. We present a case of a maxillary sinus mucocele due to a persistent carious deciduous molar in a middle aged patient, reported to highlight its unusual etiology.

Tuli, Isha Preet; Pal, Indranil; Chakraborty, Suvamoy; Sengupta, Subhabrata

2011-01-01

82

Case Report: retained gutta-percha as a cause for persistent maxillary sinusitis and pain  

OpenAIRE

Dental sources of infection can produce acute and chronic maxillary sinusitis. In some cases, the source of the infection may be related to the presence of endodontic materials in the oral cavity. In this article, we report a case of retained gutta-percha in the maxillary sinus resulting in chronic sinusitis.

Hodnett, Benjamin L.; Ferguson, Berrylin

2014-01-01

83

A Computed Tomographic Study on the Size and Bone Wall Thickness of the Maxillary Sinus in Normal, Preoperative and Postoperative Maxillary Sinusitis Patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To compare the size and bone wall thickness of the maxillary sinus in normal, preoperative and postoperative maxillary sinusitis patients. The author analyzed CT images of both left and right maxillary sinuses in 357 patients who visited Chonbuk National University Hospital between January 1997 and December 1998. The size and bone wall thickness of the maxillary sinus of normal, inflammatory and post-Caldwell-Luc groups were compared. The significant differences of transverse, maximum medio-lateral, maximum supero-inferior dimensions and medio-lateral dimension at nasal floor level between normal and post-Caldwell-Luc groups were found (P0.05). The significant differences of postero-lateral, infero-lateral and medial wall thickness between normal and post-Caldwell-Luc groups were found (P<0.05). The results of this study will aid in the diagnosis and treatment of maxillary sinus diseases and post operative treatment planning.

84

Metastasis of follicular thyroid carcinoma to the maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Thyroid carcinoma metastatic to the paranasal sinuses is extremely rare. We report a case of follicular thyroid carcinoma metastatic to the right maxillary sinus, with extension into the right side of the hard palate in a young lady. A radioactive iodine-131 (131I) scan post total thyroidectomy revealed 0.8% uptake in the neck; the whole body scan revealed a functioning metastasis in the region of the right maxillary antrum. Pathological confirmation of metastasis was done by correlating the fine needle aspirate cytology with the thyroidectomy histology. The patient initially received 40 Gy of external beam radiotherapy, subsequently, she received 110 millicuries of 131I, followed by 50 millicuries 6 months later. She continues to be on follow-up on Eltroxin suppression and has remained disease free for the past 4 1/2 years. (author)

85

Radiologic findings in aspergillosis of the maxillary sinus.  

Science.gov (United States)

Antral aspergillosis has recently been found to be often induced by endodontic material (Endomethasone, N2, Riebler Material), that contains zinc oxide and paraformaldehyde. A study of 34 otherwise healthy patients with aspergillus infection of the maxillary sinus had a pathognomonic radiologic appearance noted in 26 patients (76%). All patients except one had a history of endodontic therapy. The radiology, pathogenesis, differential diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of solitary antral aspergillosis are briefly discussed. PMID:3462640

Beck-Mannagetta, J; Necek, D

1986-09-01

86

Maxillary sinusitis caused by Lasiodiplodia theobromae  

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Full Text Available Lasiodiplodia (monotypic comprises a very small proportion of the fungal biota. It is a common plant pathogen in tropical and subtropical regions. Clinical reports on its association with onychomycosis, corneal ulcer and phaeohyphomycosis are available. However, Lasiodiplodia theobromae causing fungal sinusitis has not been reported. We present here a case of fungal sinusitis in a 30-year-old woman, who came to the ENT OPD (out patient department with complaints of intermittent bleeding and nasal discharge from the left side for a week. The patient complained of headache, predominantly on the left side and heaviness on and off since two months. Diagnosis was based on radiological and mycological evidence; the patient underwent endoscopic surgery and was started on antifungal treatment.

Kindo A

2010-01-01

87

Sinus maxillaris mycetoma of odontogenic origin: case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O número de infecções fúngicas tem aumentado. Infecções fúngicas com a espécie Aspergillus, presentes nas cavidades dos maxilares, podem estar relacionadas com os ápices dos dentes do arco superior. Mudanças diagnósticas nos seios maxilares e certos tipos de dores faciais podem ser indicativos de in [...] fecção fúngica. Os autores relatam um caso de sinusite por aspergilose (aspergillosis sinusitis) e descrevem os métodos de diagnóstico e tratamento desta infecção, que pode estar relacionada com o tratamento endodôntico. Abstract in english Fungal infections are on the increase and those of the jaw cavities with Aspergillus species may be connected with the root apices of teeth in the upper jaw. Diagnostic changes in the sinus maxillaris and certain types of facial pain may be indicative of fungal infection. The authors report a case o [...] f aspergillosis sinusitis and describe the diagnostic methods and treatment of this infection that may be associated with endodontic treatment.

Matjaz, Rode; Jernej, Podboj; Mirela, Kogoj-Rode.

2004-12-01

88

Radiological diagnosis of maxillary sinus aspergillosis. Radiologische Diagnostik der Kieferhoehlenaspergillose  

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Aspergillosis of the maxillary sinuses shows an increasing incidence in even otherwise healthy patients. Next to inhalation as the mode of infection, a dental root canal filling with an orosinusal fistula can be the cause. As most infections remain initially undetected or underestimated as common sinusitis, early diagnosis must be achieved. Standard X-ray of the paranasal sinuses, conventional tomography as well as CT scans are of major importance. Centrally located hyperdense opacifications are a good criterion and can be best seen in CT. Even when the case has not progressed too much, radical surgery combined with Amphotericin B therapy is still the treatment of choice since the infection may progress rapidly. (orig.).

Schulte, B.; Beyer, D. (Akademisches Lehrkrankenhaus, Porz (Germany). Radiologische Abt.)

1992-11-01

89

A Peduncular Cystic Compound Odontoma on the Posterior Wall of the Maxillary Sinus  

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A cystic compound odontoma in the maxillary sinus occurred in a 13-years-old boy, who had missing right upper third molar without having the history of extraction of the wisdom tooth. He complained nasal stuffiness, headache, and pain on the affected face, resembling any sign and symptoms of the maxillary sinus problems. The cysteic compound, sized 2 x 1.5 cm in diameter was pedunculated and attached on the posterior wall of the right maxillary sinus and above the antral floor. The location of the compound odontoma in the maxillary sinus was confirmed after panoramic, waters, spiral tomographic, CT examinations and surgical exploration. Irs location was on the medical, posterior, superior to the normal position of the maxillary third molar or the maxillary dental arch. The cystic odontoma in the maxillary sinus made the patient have the sings and symptoms of maxillary sinusitis. The cystic compound odontoma might be originated from the dental lamina of the missing upper right third molar. The 'V principle' of the upper jaw growth and the pneumatization process of the maxillary sinus could explain why the compound odontoma had peduncular shape and the location of odontoma was on the medial, superior to the normal position of the maxillary dental arch.

Kang, Byung Chul [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, Chonam National University, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of)

1998-08-15

90

A Peduncular Cystic Compound Odontoma on the Posterior Wall of the Maxillary Sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A cystic compound odontoma in the maxillary sinus occurred in a 13-years-old boy, who had missing right upper third molar without having the history of extraction of the wisdom tooth. He complained nasal stuffiness, headache, and pain on the affected face, resembling any sign and symptoms of the maxillary sinus problems. The cysteic compound, sized 2 x 1.5 cm in diameter was pedunculated and attached on the posterior wall of the right maxillary sinus and above the antral floor. The location of the compound odontoma in the maxillary sinus was confirmed after panoramic, waters, spiral tomographic, CT examinations and surgical exploration. Irs location was on the medical, posterior, superior to the normal position of the maxillary third molar or the maxillary dental arch. The cystic odontoma in the maxillary sinus made the patient have the sings and symptoms of maxillary sinusitis. The cystic compound odontoma might be originated from the dental lamina of the missing upper right third molar. The 'V principle' of the upper jaw growth and the pneumatization process of the maxillary sinus could explain why the compound odontoma had peduncular shape and the location of odontoma was on the medial, superior to the normal position of the maxillary dental arch.

91

Evaluation of the postoperative maxillary sinus with computed tomography  

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To evaluate the computed tomographic appearances of postoperative maxillary sinuses. 33 asymptomatic cases of post-operative maxillary sinus without evidence of any pathologic changes and clinical symptoms were selected. CT images were classified as opacification, soft tissue shadow, anterior wall depression, nasoantral communication, and compartmentalization. The relationships between the CT image and the age of patients at the time of operation, and between the CT image and the duration of time elapsed since the surgical procedure were evaluated. The most commonly presented radiological characteristics that occurred after the Caldwell-Luc procedure were opacification and soft tissue shadow. Anterior wall depression and nasoantral communication were radiographic indications that a Caldwell-Luc operation had been carried out. The age of patients when they had been first operated on, and the duration between the surgical procedure and the time of evaluation had no effect on the CT appearances of normal changes. In cases involving a longer time interval between the antral surgery and evaluation, the anterior wall depression with bony healing was more commonly observed than soft tissue healing. The radiographic information regarding the normal healing state using computed tomography can distinguish post-operative changes from inflammatory and cystic disease in patients who have undergone a Caldwell-Luc type of radical maxillary astronomy.

Kim, Hee Kyung; Heo, Min Suk; Lee, Sam Sun; Choi, Hyun Bae; Choi, Soon Chul; Park, Tae Won [College of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2002-12-15

92

Evaluation of the postoperative maxillary sinus with computed tomography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the computed tomographic appearances of postoperative maxillary sinuses. 33 asymptomatic cases of post-operative maxillary sinus without evidence of any pathologic changes and clinical symptoms were selected. CT images were classified as opacification, soft tissue shadow, anterior wall depression, nasoantral communication, and compartmentalization. The relationships between the CT image and the age of patients at the time of operation, and between the CT image and the duration of time elapsed since the surgical procedure were evaluated. The most commonly presented radiological characteristics that occurred after the Caldwell-Luc procedure were opacification and soft tissue shadow. Anterior wall depression and nasoantral communication were radiographic indications that a Caldwell-Luc operation had been carried out. The age of patients when they had been first operated on, and the duration between the surgical procedure and the time of evaluation had no effect on the CT appearances of normal changes. In cases involving a longer time interval between the antral surgery and evaluation, the anterior wall depression with bony healing was more commonly observed than soft tissue healing. The radiographic information regarding the normal healing state using computed tomography can distinguish post-operative changes from inflammatory and cystic disease in patients who have undergone a Caldwell-Luc type of radical maxillary astronomy.stronomy.

93

Dentigerous cyst associated with a displaced tooth in the maxillary sinus: an unusual cause of recurrent sinusitis in an adolescent  

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We report an unusual case of a displaced maxillary molar and associated dentigerous cyst within the maxillary sinus in an adolescent presenting as recurrent sinusitis. Although a rare cause of sinusitis in children, dentigerous cysts should be included in the differential diagnosis for causes of persistent or recurrent sinusitis in this age group. This report provides further evidence for obtaining imaging studies when managing pediatric sinusitis that does not respond to standard antibiotic therapy. We discuss management options for these lesions including the differential diagnoses and need for follow-up. (orig.)

Prabhu, Sanjay P.; Robson, Caroline D. [Children' s Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, Department of Radiology, Division of Neuroradiology, Boston, MA (United States); Padwa, Bonnie L. [Children' s Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Boston, MA (United States); Rahbar, Reza [Children' s Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Enhancement, Boston, MA (United States)

2009-10-15

94

Dentigerous cyst associated with a displaced tooth in the maxillary sinus: an unusual cause of recurrent sinusitis in an adolescent  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report an unusual case of a displaced maxillary molar and associated dentigerous cyst within the maxillary sinus in an adolescent presenting as recurrent sinusitis. Although a rare cause of sinusitis in children, dentigerous cysts should be included in the differential diagnosis for causes of persistent or recurrent sinusitis in this age group. This report provides further evidence for obtaining imaging studies when managing pediatric sinusitis that does not respond to standard antibiotic therapy. We discuss management options for these lesions including the differential diagnoses and need for follow-up. (orig.)

95

Radiodense concretions in maxillary sinus aspergillosis: pathogenesis and the role of CT densitometry  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to investigate by CT the origin of radiodense maxillary sinus concretions and whether CT densitometry is effective in the prediction of maxillary sinus aspergillosis and in the differentiation of the origin of these concretions. In a prospective study in 21 patients with radiodense maxillary sinus concretions detected by radiography, a preoperative CT study of the paranasal sinuses and the concretions was undertaken. Additional scans of the upper alveolar ridge were also performed. Radiological findings were compared with clinical symptoms and with CT findings, especially CT densitometry of the sinus concretions and dental root-filling material. All patients underwent a functional Caldwell-Luc operation; histological and microbiological examinations were performed. Fifteen of the 21 patients (71.4%) with radiodense concretions had a histological and microbiological diagnosis of sinus aspergillosis. The sinus concretions had CT densities higher than 2000 HU (Housfield units) in 15 patients and lower than 2000 HU in 6. Fourteen of 15 patients (93.3%) with concretions ahving CT densities higher than 2000 HU had a postoperative diagnosis of maxillary sinus aspergillosis. The mean CT density of the sinus concretions in patients with maxillary sinus aspergillosis was 2868 HU (range 1870-3070 HU), and in patients without aspergiollosis was 778 HU (range 228-2644 HU). The mean CT density of the dental root-filling material was 2866 HU (range 2156t-filling material was 2866 HU (range 2156-3070 HU). Paranasal sinus CT with CT densitometry of a sinus concretion has a higher accuracy than standard radiogrpahy and clinical findings in the prediction of maxillary sinus aspergillosis (93.3% vs 71.4%). CT densitometry helps to confirm the dental origin of maxillary sinus concretions and to explain a possible dental pathogenesis of maxillary sinus aspergillosis. (orig.)

96

Maxillary sinus 3D segmentation and reconstruction from cone beam CT data sets  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Segmentation of the maxillary sinuses for three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction, visualization and volumetry is sought using an automated algorithm applied to cone beam computed tomographic (CBCT) data sets. Materials and methods: Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data sets of three subjects aged 9, 17, and 27 were used in 3D segmentation and reconstruction. The maxillary sinuses were obtained by propagation from one start point in the right sinus and one start point in the left sinus to the whole regions of both sinuses. The procedure was based on voxel intensity distributions and common anatomic structures, specifically each middle meatus of the nasal cavity. A program was written in C++ and VTK languages to demonstrate the surface topological shapes of the maxillary sinuses. Results: The developed segmentation algorithm separated maxillary sinuses successfully permitting accurate comparisons. It was robust and efficient. 3D morphological features of the maxillary sinuses were observed from three human subjects. Conclusions: Automated segmentation of maxillary sinuses from CBCT data sets is feasible using the proposed method. This tool might be useful for visualization, pathological diagnosis, and treatment planning of maxillary sinus disorders. (orig.)

97

Alterations in Maxillary Sinus Volume among Oral and Nasal Breathers  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Oral breathing causes many changes in the facial anatomical structures in adult patients. In this study we aimed to determine the effects of long-term oral breathing (>5 years) on the maxillary sinus volumes among adult male patients. Material/Methods We accessed medical records of 586 patients who had undergone cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) for any reason between September 2013 and April 2014. Patients who had undergone cone-beam dental volumetric tomography scans for any reason and who had answered a questionnaire about breathing were screened retrospectively. Cone beam dental volumetric tomography (I-Cat, Imaging Sciences International, Hatfield, PA, USA) was used to take the images of the maxillo-facial area at a setting of 120 kVp and 3.7 mA. This study involved male patients older than 21 years of age. Results The study included a total of 239 male patients, of which 68 were oral breathers and 171 were nasal breathers. The mean age of the oral breathers was 48.4 years and that of the nasal breathers was 46.7 years and the difference was not statistically significant (p>0.05). The mean maxillary sinus volumes of the oral and nasal breathers were 9043.49±1987.90 and 10851.77±2769.37, respectively, and the difference in maxillary sinus volume between the 2 groups was statistically significant (p5 years) was significantly lower than in nasal breathers, but it remains unclear whether this is due to malfunctioning of the nasal cavity or due to the underlying pathological condition. PMID:25553770

Agacayak, Kamil Serkan; Gulsun, Belgin; Koparal, Mahmut; Atalay, Yusuf; Aksoy, Orhan; Adiguzel, Ozkan

2015-01-01

98

Outcomes of radiation therapy for maxillary sinus carcinoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We evaluated the outcome of radiation therapy for maxillary sinus carcinoma treated in our institution. From 1984 to 2001, 48 patients with maxillary sinus carcinoma were irradiated with or without chemotherapy and surgery. Patients ranged from 20-89 years of age (median, 68 years) and included 29 men and 19 women. The clinical T factors for these patients, according to the International Union Against Cancer (UICC) classification (1997), were T2 (n=2), T3 (n=13), and T4 (n=29). Lymph node involvement was observed in 13 patients. The follow-up period ranged from 2.5 to 150 months (median, 25 months). The total radiotherapy dose ranged from 40 Gy to 72.8 Gy. Forty-three patients underwent surgery. Intra-arterial chemotherapy was delivered in 39 patients, and systemic chemotherapy was delivered in 7 patients. Fourteen patients were classified as ''unresected'' (radiation therapy with or without antrostomy), and 34 patients as ''resected'' (partial, total, or extended total maxillectomy with pre-or postoperative irradiation). The 5-year overall survival rate (OS), cause-specific survival rate (CSS), and local control rate (LC) of all patients were 52%, 64%, and 75%, respectively. There was no significant difference between the ''unresected'' and ''resected'' groups in OS, CSS, or LC. Local recurrence was observed in 12 patients. In the ''resected'' group, for local control, it was important to reduce viable tumor before maxillectomy. Preoperative ?60 Gy irradiation was my. Preoperative ?60 Gy irradiation was considered to be effective to reduce tumor viability. There was no significant difference between the ''unresected'' and ''resected'' groups in OS, CSS, or LC. In the ''resected'' group, preoperative irradiation ?60 Gy was considered to be effective for local control. In radical treatment of maxillary sinus carcinoma, maxillectomy is not always necessary. Concurrent chemoradiation therapy with or without antrostomy is a reasonable treatment strategy. (author)

99

Maxillary sinus marrow hyperplasia in sickle cell anemia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Marrow hyperplasia is a sequela of sickle cell anemia (SCA) and may be seen in the skull in children after 5 years of age. The facial bones, except for the mandible and orbits, are usually not involved. We report an unusual case of a 28-month-old black boy with SCA who presented with extensive marrow hyperplasia of the maxillary sinuses in addition to severe calvarial and mandibular changes. The imaging characteristics on CT (similar to other sites of marrow hyperplasia) and MR (low signal on both T1 and T2 sequences) should aid in making the correct diagnosis. (orig.)

100

Myxofibrosarcoma of the maxillary sinus: a case report.  

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Full Text Available Myxofibrosarcoma, also known as myxoid variant of malignant fibrosis histiocytoma, is often located in the extremities and retroperitoneum of adult males. Its incidence in the ENT area is very low, therefore its diagnosis is often complicated. It has a high rate of local recurrence, although it has low rate of distant metastases. The only effective treatment is complete surgical resection, with little response to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. We present the case of a high-grade myxofibrosarcoma of the left maxillary sinus and nasal cavity, wich we treated with surgery and chemoradiation, but with bad clinical evolution.

Castro-Macia O, Rodriguez-Acevedo N, Alonso-Párraga D, Pérez-Pedrosa A, Quintana-Sanjuas A, Hamdan-Zabarce M, Meléndez-Garcia JM

2012-12-01

101

Radiotherapy for carcinomas of the paranasal sinus (excluding the maxillary sinus)  

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Thirty-seven patients with carcinomas of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses (excluding the maxillary sinus) were treated with radiotherapy with or without surgery at Jikei University Hospital from 1979 through 1994. Of these patients (14 with carcinomas in the nasal cavity, 17 in the ethmoid sinus, and 6 in the sphenoid sinus), 16 were treated with radiotherapy alone and 21 with both surgery and radiotherapy. The patients received median doses of 60 Gy for radiotherapy alone, 41 Gy for preoperative radiotherapy, and 51 Gy for postoperative radiotherapy. The 2-year local control rates in stages I and II were 60% with radiotherapy alone (75% if the dose was 60 Gy or more) and 57% with combined therapy. We conclude that tumors of stages I and II showing at least a partial response to a dose of 40 Gy should be treated with full-dose radiotherapy. (author)

Aoki, Manabu; Kobayashi, Masao; Abe, Tatsuyuki; Sunagawa, Yoshimitsu; Ootani, Yoichi; Sekine, Hiroshi; Kanehira, Chihiro; Hatano, Atsushi; Kato, Takakuni [Jikei Univ., Tokyo (Japan). School of Medicine

1998-08-01

102

Radiotherapy for carcinomas of the paranasal sinus (excluding the maxillary sinus)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Thirty-seven patients with carcinomas of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses (excluding the maxillary sinus) were treated with radiotherapy with or without surgery at Jikei University Hospital from 1979 through 1994. Of these patients (14 with carcinomas in the nasal cavity, 17 in the ethmoid sinus, and 6 in the sphenoid sinus), 16 were treated with radiotherapy alone and 21 with both surgery and radiotherapy. The patients received median doses of 60 Gy for radiotherapy alone, 41 Gy for preoperative radiotherapy, and 51 Gy for postoperative radiotherapy. The 2-year local control rates in stages I and II were 60% with radiotherapy alone (75% if the dose was 60 Gy or more) and 57% with combined therapy. We conclude that tumors of stages I and II showing at least a partial response to a dose of 40 Gy should be treated with full-dose radiotherapy. (author)

103

Hyperostosis of the maxillary sinus wall in aspergillosis: is it a characteristic finding  

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To determine whether the wall thickening of the maxillary sinus is a characteristic finding in aspergillosis. In 103 patients, including 26 with aspergillosis, 21 with inverted papilloma (IP), and 56 with unilateral chronic sinusitis, the thickness of the maxillary sinus wall was determined by CT scanning. All cases were proven pathologically, and patients with a history of previous surgery of bone destruction were excluded. Two neuroradiologists retrospectively reviewed the CT scans using bone window settings for sinus wall hyperostosis and the presence of intrasinus calcification. Thickening of the maxillary sinus wall was assessed visually in a semiquantitative manner, and graded as 'none' (absence of thickening), 'mild' (thickening of up to 1.5 times), or moderate ot severe(over 1.5 times thicker than normal contralateral sinus wall at its thickest point). Moderate to severe wall thickening was found only in patients with aspergillosis (21/26, 80.8%). Mild wall thickening was seen in two patients with aspergillosis (2/26, 7.7%), in 12 of 21 with IP (57.1%), and in 5 of 56 with chronic maxillary sinusitis (8.9%). Most cases of chronic maxillary sinusits( 51/56,91.1%), 9/21 IP cases (42.9%), and 3/26 cases of aspergillosis (11.5%) showed no thickening of the maxillary sinus wall. Calcifications were found in 18 patients with aspergillosis (69.2%), in no patient with IP (0%), and in one with chronic maxillary sinusitis (1.8%). We suggest that 'moderate to severe' wall thickening of the maxillary sinus is the characteristic finding of aspergillosis. Although various sinonasal diseases can cause bone change, CT findings of hyperostosis of the maxillary sinus and intrasinus calcification are very helpful in differentiating fungal sinusitis from other types of chronic inflammatory lesions.

Kim, Ji Young; Cho, Woo Ho; Kim, Joung Sook; Kim, Myung Gyu; Kim, Young Hoon; Woo, Hoon Young [College of Medicine, Inje Univ., Kimhae (Korea, Republic of)

2002-03-01

104

Correlation of plain radiological diagnostic features with antral lavage results in chronic maxillary sinusitis.  

Science.gov (United States)

To justify the continued relevance of plain radiography of maxillary sinus in establishing diagnosis and planning treatment of chronic maxillary sinusitis, its specificity and predictive values must have a high degree of confidence. The objective of this study was to examine different plain radiographic features and correlate them with antral lavage results in patients suffering from chronic maxillary sinusitis. Air-fluid level and antral opacity have specificity of 92.3% each and positive predictive value of 87.5% and 96.0% respectively. Gross mucosal thickening and haziness showed low specificity and predictive values of 36.7% and 29.4% respectively. Normality of radiographs was reliable in predicting clear antral lavage effluent. Plain radiograph of the maxillary sinus is still relevant in establishing diagnosis and planning treatment in chronic maxillary sinusitis. PMID:10821080

Ezeanolue, B C; Aneke, E C; Nwagbo, D F

2000-01-01

105

Quantitative 99mTc-DTPA scintigraphy for determination of maxillary sinus drainage following Caldwell-Luc surgery  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nine maxillary sinuses of 8 patients who had undergone Caldwell-Luc surgery (CWL) were injected with 100-125 ?C 99mTc-DTPA in 0.2 ml from the gingivo-buccal sulcus, passing through the canine fossa window. Sinus half-emptying times and percent contribution of the natural ostium (NO) and the naso-antral window (NA) to the clearance from the sinus were calculated, using time-activity curves as well as the activity of cotton wool plugs placed into the middle and lower conchae. Mean half-emptying times in patients in whom the mucosa had been removed were shorter than those in patients in whom it had been left in place. In the former group percent drainage through the NO was higher than that through the NA whereas in the latter group the opposite was the case. These findings are consistent with the thesis that if the mucosa is retained, the ciliae continue their sweeping action towards the NO but if it is removed the NA gains importance in the drainage. This method is promising for the evaluation of maxillary sinus drainage following CWL. (orig.)

106

A Radiologic Study of the Relationship of the Maxillary Sinus Floor and Apex of the Maxillary Molar  

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In this study, radiographic evaluation was made using panoramic radiography and cross-sectional tomography of SCANORA in male and female adults in their 20 s on the relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the apex of the maxillary molar, to test the accuracy and effectiveness of the cross-sectional tomography, and to use this information in the assessment of preop, and postop, root canal treatment, apical surgery, extraction and implantology. Forty-one adults with an average age of 24.4 years were studied panoramic radiography and cross-sectional tomography. In panoramic view and cross-sectional view, the position of the apices of maxillary molars were classified as separated, contacted, or protruded type; the general shape of the maxillary sinus floor was evaluated horizontally and vertically from cross-sectional tomography. The accuracy of each radiography was tested using maxilla from 5 fresh cadavers from the Anatomy Lab at Yonsei University Dental College, and panoramic view and cross-sectional tomography were taken in the same condition as with the patients. The results were as follows: 1. Panoramic view and cross-sectional view were taken in the maxilla specimen, and the actual distance between the maxillary sinus floor and the tooth apices were measured in the specimen; the median values of the distance from the tooth apices to the maxillary sinus floor in the panoramic view, cross-sectional view and in the accrual maxilla specimen were 2.83 mm, 4.51 mm, and 4.15 mm, respectively. In the cross-sectional view, the measured distance was close to the actual distance but in the panoramic view, the measured distance was far from the actual distance. 2. When the results of the panoramic view and cross-sectional view were compared, 40.5% of the results agreed with each other in the two radiographic methods and buccal roots of the 2nd molar were the closest to the maxillary sinus floor in the cross-sectional tomography.3. In cross-sectional view, when the vertical relationship of the maxillary sinus floor and maxillary roots was assessed, in 1st molars, type II (the sinus floor that extends down to the buccolingual furcation area) was predominant, while in 2nd molars, type I (the sinus floor located above the level connecting the buccal and lingual apices) was predominant. In the horizontal relationship, in 1st olars, type II (ths lowest floor of the maxillary sinus located in between the buccal and lingual roots) was predominant; in 2nd molars, type I (the lowest floor of the maxillary sinus located on the buccal side of the buccal roots) and type II appeared in similar frequency. In conclusion, the SCANORA cross-sectional tomography was more effective than the frequently used panoramic view, in that the relationship of the maxillary molars and maxillary sinus floor can be evaluated more accurately and the buccolingual cross-sectional view can also be observed. And maxillary sinus floor that was close to maxillary 2nd molar had tendency to be located on buccal side than that close to 1st molar. Therefore, cross-sectional tomography is an effective and accurate method to evaluate the position of the teeth in relation to the sinus floor preoperative and can be easily used to diagnose localized periapical lesions. Also the image quality obtained was quite satisfactory.

Yoon, Hae Rym; Park, Chang Seo [Dept. of Dental Radiology, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1998-02-15

107

A Radiologic Study of the Relationship of the Maxillary Sinus Floor and Apex of the Maxillary Molar  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this study, radiographic evaluation was made using panoramic radiography and cross-sectional tomography of SCANORA in male and female adults in their 20 s on the relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the apex of the maxillary molar, to test the accuracy and effectiveness of the cross-sectional tomography, and to use this information in the assessment of preop, and postop, root canal treatment, apical surgery, extraction and implantology. Forty-one adults with an average age of 24.4 years were studied panoramic radiography and cross-sectional tomography. In panoramic view and cross-sectional view, the position of the apices of maxillary molars were classified as separated, contacted, or protruded type; the general shape of the maxillary sinus floor was evaluated horizontally and vertically from cross-sectional tomography. The accuracy of each radiography was tested using maxilla from 5 fresh cadavers from the Anatomy Lab at Yonsei University Dental College, and panoramic view and cross-sectional tomography were taken in the same condition as with the patients. The results were as follows ; 1. Panoramic view and cross-sectional view were taken in the maxilla specimen, and the actual distance between the maxillary sinus floor and the tooth apices were measured in the specimen; the median values of the distance from the tooth apices to the maxillary sinus floor in the panoramic view, cross-sectional view and in the accrual maxilla specimen were 2.83 mm, 4. accrual maxilla specimen were 2.83 mm, 4.51 mm, and 4.15 mm, respectively. In the cross-sectional view, the measured distance was close to the actual distance but in the panoramic view, the measured distance was far from the actual distance. 2. When the results of the panoramic view and cross-sectional view were compared, 40.5% of the results agreed with each other in the two radiographic methods and buccal roots of the 2nd molar were the closest to the maxillary sinus floor in the cross-sectional tomography.3. In cross-sectional view, when the vertical relationship of the maxillary sinus floor and maxillary roots was assessed, in 1st molars, type II (the sinus floor that extends down to the buccolingual furcation area) was predominant, while in 2nd molars, type I (the sinus floor located above the level connecting the buccal and lingual apices) was predominant. In the horizontal relationship, in 1st olars, type II (ths lowest floor of the maxillary sinus located in between the buccal and lingual roots) was predominant; in 2nd molars, type I (the lowest floor of the maxillary sinus located on the buccal side of the buccal roots) and type II appeared in similar frequency. In conclusion, the SCANORA cross-sectional tomography was more effective than the frequently used panoramic view, in that the relationship of the maxillary molars and maxillary sinus floor can be evaluated more accurately and the buccolingual cross-sectional view can also be observed. And maxillary sinus floor that was close to maxillary 2nd molar had tendency to be located on buccal side than that close to 1st molar. Therefore, cross-sectional tomography is an effective and accurate method to evaluate the position of the teeth in relation to the sinus floor preoperative and can be easily used to diagnose localized periapical lesions. Also the image quality obtained was quite satisfactory.

108

A radiographic study of experimentally produced bone defects in the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of radiographs in detecting experimental bony defect in the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus. For this study, experimentally five skulls were used, the bony defects with a diameter of 5 mm were created at different locations in the posterior wall of the right maxillary sinus and the bony defects of 10 mm were created at different locations in the posterior wall on left maxillary sinus. Panoramic view, panoramic sinus view, water's view, and computed tomogram were taken and the results analyzed. The obtained results were as follows : 1. The panoramic view was superior to the panoramic sinus view in detecting the bony defects in the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus. 2. Panoramic view, panoramic sinus view, and waters' view were limitation to the detection of the bony defects in the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus. 3. All the bony defects in the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus were excellently visualized on the computed tomogram.

109

Radiodense concrements in sinus maxillaris-CT diagnosis of sinus aspergillosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

11 patients with radiodense concrements in the sinus maxillaris underwent a preoperative computertomographic examination of the sinus maxillaris and the sinus concrements. 8 patients (72.7%) with the occurrence of radiodense concrements presented postoperative a histological and microbiological infection with aspergillus fumigatus. The CT-numbers of radiodense concrements in patients with aspergillus were 2802±302.4 HU (Hounsfield Unit). Concrements of patients without aspergillus infection (n=3) had lower density (368.6±149.1 HU; p<0.001). The root filling materials showed narly the same CT-numbers in patients with aspergillus infection (2537±398.5 HU) and in patients without aspergillus infections (2544.3±460.6 HU). Density of root filling material was at the same level as density of radiopaque concrements in patients with aspergillus infections. According to CT-examinations a direct connection between root filling materials and aspergillus infection was noted. Therefore in patients with radiodense concrements computertomographic examination helps to determine the kind of sinus infection. (orig.)

110

CT findings of change of the maxillary sinus after caldwell-luc operation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study describes the CT findings of changes in the maxillary sinus after the Caldwell-Luc procedure. The maxillary sinus-related findings in 35 cases among 20 patients (17 cases in 10 males and 18 cases in 10 females) who had undergone the Caldwell-Luc procedure mean 14.6 years earlier were reviewed. CT scans were obtained in the axial and coronal planes, with 5mm thickness. By means of the T test, changes in the size of the bony wall of the maxillary sinus, as well as antral volume change, were compared with normal maxillary sinus group (41 male and 23 female cases). Males and females were compared separately, and surgical bony defect of naso-labial antrotomy and nasoantral window, fibro-osseous proliferation, compartmentation and mucosal thickening of the postoperative maxillary sinus were evaluated, as were findings of chronic or recurrent maxillary sinusitis and postoperative complications. Naso-labial antrotomy was clearly identified in 27 of 35 cases, and irregular bony surface in the remaining eight, as were 27 bony defects and one irregular bony margin among a total of 28 cases of nasoantral window. Due to shortening of the height of the orbit, reductions in maxillary width, nasoantral communication width and anteroposterior diameter of the maxilla, and widening of the width of the inferior meatus, the maxillary sinus tended to become hypoplastic and centripetally contracted. Reduced cavitary volume of the maxillary sinus was noted (p less than 0.05), and y sinus was noted (p less than 0.05), and fibro-osseous proliferation (n=3D29), compartmentation (n=3D11), and mucosal thickening (n=3D22) of the postoperative maxillary sinus were also seen. There were findings of chronic sinusitis (n=3D22), as well as complications of postoperative mucocele (n=3D3) and oroantral fistula (n=3D2) of the maxillary sinus. The characteristic maxillary sinus-related findings seen after the Caldwell-Luc procedure are helpful in distinguishing postoperative change from recurrent paranasal diseases and resulting complications. (author)

111

A study on morphology of maxillary sinus by using the orthopantomograms  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study was performed in order to analyse the morphology of maxillary sinus on orthopantomogram. The author analysed the anterior-posterior width of mesial wall, the extension of anterior margin in maxillary sinus and the interrelation between the root apex of maxillary 1st molar and sinus floor. The films consisted of 514 orthopantomograms divided into three groups ranging the 3rd decade, 4th and 5th decade and 6th decade. The obtained results were as follows: 1. The mean dimensions of the anterior-posterior width of mesial wall were 43.81 ± 4.55 mm for male and 43.80 ± 4.49 mm for female in the right of maxillary sinus, 43.75 ± 4.74 mm for male and 43.37 ± 3.92 mm for female. 2. With age, the dimensional change of the anterior-posterior width of mesial wall in maxillary sinus was not observed. 3. The extension order of anterior margin of the maxillary sinus was distal to canine side, 1st premolar mesial side, canine mesial side, and 1st premolar distal side. 4. In the distance between the root apex of upper 1st molar and the maxillary sinus floor, the degree of closeness was more increased in the older-aged group than in the younger-aged group.

112

Differential radiologic diagnosis of the spherical shades found in the maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Data, obtained during clinical and radiologic examination of 203 patients have been analysed. It was found that the error percentage in diagnosis of the spherical shades in the maxillary sinuses reaches 22 % according to plain radiography of the nasal sinuses. A radiologic sympton of the spherical shade in the lumen of the maxillary sinus may be detected either in bening processes (retentive and odontogenic cysts, bening tumors, fibrous dysplasia of the jaws, etc.), or in malignant tumors, originating from the alveolar process area and the hard palate. Some radiologic signs of the most common diseases, accompanied by the sherical shade sympton in the lumen of the maxillary sinus, are described. A verification of both localization and nature of pathologic process in the maxillary sinus is carried out by means of multiposition craniography and various modifications of the stratifying X-ray examination

113

Cholesteatoma of the maxillary sinus: a case report and review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cholesteatoma is a relatively common disease entity within the middle ear cavity, but it is rarely found in the paranasal sinuses. We describe a rare case of cholesteatoma in the maxillary sinus of an elderly man presenting with recurrent sinus infections and nasal obstruction refractory to medical treatment. The patient was treated using functional endoscopic sinus surgery with successful removal of the cholesteatoma. He has no recurrence of the cholesteotoma at a 13year follow-up. We review the literature and history on maxillary cholesteatomas and discuss the theories on the pathogenesis of cholesteatoma formation. We propose functional endoscopic sinus surgery with maxillary antrostomy and marsupialization of the cholesteatoma as a primary treatment option for a maxillary cholesteatoma. PMID:25459312

Sozansky, Jeanie; Josephson, Jordan S

2015-01-01

114

Histologic Characteristics and Mucin Immunohistochemistry of Cystic Fibrosis Sinus Mucosa  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives To evaluate the histologic characteristics of paranasal sinus mucosa of a disease control population and children with chronic rhinosinusitis and cystic fibrosis (CRS/CF) (1) to determine whether goblet cell (GC) hyperplasia and/or submucosal gland (SMG) hyperplasia occur in pediatric CRS/CF and (2) to compare expression and localization ofMUC5ACand MUC5B mucins in the sinus mucosa of both cohorts. Design Histologic and morphometric analyses of paranasal sinus mucosa were used to quantify the number of GCs and mucin-expressing cells. Digital imaging was used to evaluate the SMG area. Immunohistochemistry was performed to identify the cellular localization of MUC5AC and MUC5B mucins, and confocal microscopy was used to determine whether MUC5AC and MUC5B mucins were expressed in the same secretory cells. Setting Children’s National Medical Center, Washington, DC. Participants Twenty-one children with CRS/CF who underwent endoscopic sinus surgical procedures and 18 children who underwent craniofacial resection or neurosurgical procedures for abnormalities other than sinusitis. Results A statistically significant increased area (4.4-fold) of SMGs was detected in the sinus mucosa of patients with CRS/CF compared with the controls (P = .02). Neither GC hyperplasia nor increased expression of MUC5AC was observed in the CRS/CF group. MUC5AC was expressed only in a subpopulation of GCs in both cohorts, and MUC5B was expressed in a subpopulation of GCs as well as in SMGs. There was a positive trend toward increased glandular MUC5B expression in the CRS/CF cohort. Colocalization of MUC5AC and MUC5B expression was observed in a subset of GCs. Conclusions Significant SMG hyperplasia and a trend toward increased glandular MUC5B expression exist in children with CRS/CF. This suggests that SMG hyperplasia and glandular MUC5B mucin contribute to mucus overproduction in the sinus mucosa of this population. PMID:21502478

Wu, Xiaofang; Amorn, Melissa M.; Aujla, Pawandeep K.; Rice, Shannon; Mimms, Remy; Watson, Alan M.; Peters-Hall, Jennifer R.; Rose, Mary C.; Peña, Maria T.

2014-01-01

115

Small cell undifferentiated carcinoma of the maxillary sinus: technical considerations for radiation therapy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Treatment principles for extrapulmonary small cell undifferentiated carcinoma follow those established for primary lung presentations including systemic chemotherapy and prophylactic cranial irradiation. Radiation of carcinoma involving the maxillary sinus includes lateral and anterior portals which exit through the brain. Presented is a treatment strategy used for postoperative radiation of small cell undifferentiated carcinoma of the maxillary sinus in conjunction with prophylactic cranial irradiation. Specifics of dosimetry include achievement of 55 to 60 Gy within the tumor volume of the maxillary sinus, while achieving homogeneity of dose (30 Gy) within the cranial contents. Application of the described technique to analogous clinical presentations is also discussed. PMID:2557854

Janjan, N A; Campbell, B; Wilson, J F; Zellmer, D

1989-12-01

116

CT findings of change of the maxillary sinus after caldwell-luc operation  

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This study describes the CT findings of changes in the maxillary sinus after the Caldwell-Luc procedure. The maxillary sinus-related findings in 35 cases among 20 patients (17 cases in 10 males and 18 cases in 10 females) who had undergone the Caldwell-Luc procedure mean 14.6 years earlier were reviewed. CT scans were obtained in the axial and coronal planes, with 5mm thickness. By means of the T test, changes in the size of the bony wall of the maxillary sinus, as well as antral volume change, were compared with normal maxillary sinus group (41 male and 23 female cases). Males and females were compared separately, and surgical bony defect of naso-labial antrotomy and nasoantral window, fibro-osseous proliferation, compartmentation and mucosal thickening of the postoperative maxillary sinus were evaluated, as were findings of chronic or recurrent maxillary sinusitis and postoperative complications. Naso-labial antrotomy was clearly identified in 27 of 35 cases, and irregular bony surface in the remaining eight, as were 27 bony defects and one irregular bony margin among a total of 28 cases of nasoantral window. Due to shortening of the height of the orbit, reductions in maxillary width, nasoantral communication width and anteroposterior diameter of the maxilla, and widening of the width of the inferior meatus, the maxillary sinus tended to become hypoplastic and centripetally contracted. Reduced cavitary volume of the maxillary sinus was noted (p less than 0.05), and fibro-osseous proliferation (n=3D29), compartmentation (n=3D11), and mucosal thickening (n=3D22) of the postoperative maxillary sinus were also seen. There were findings of chronic sinusitis (n=3D22), as well as complications of postoperative mucocele (n=3D3) and oroantral fistula (n=3D2) of the maxillary sinus. The characteristic maxillary sinus-related findings seen after the Caldwell-Luc procedure are helpful in distinguishing postoperative change from recurrent paranasal diseases and resulting complications. (author)

Im, Ju Hyeon; Kim, Sun Su; Kim, Jong An; Moon, Un Hyeon; Kim, Se Jong; Park, Byung Ran; Kim, Byung Geun [Department of Radiology, Kwangju Christian Hospital, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of); Kang, In Young [Department of Radiology, Kwangju Green Cross Hospital, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of); Ko, Kang Seok [College of Medicine, Chosun University, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of)

2000-03-01

117

Near-infrared imaging of the sinuses: preliminary evaluation of a new technology for diagnosing maxillary sinusitis  

Science.gov (United States)

Diagnosing sinusitis remains a challenge for primary care physicians. There is a need for a simple, office-based technique to aid in the diagnosis of sinusitis without the cost and radiation risk of conventional radiologic imaging. We designed a low-cost near-infrared (NIR) device to transilluminate the maxillary sinuses. The use of NIR light allows for greater interrogation of deep-tissue structures as compared to visible light. NIR imaging of 21 patients was performed and compared with computed tomography (CT) scans. Individual maxillary sinuses were scored on a scale from 0 to 2 based on their degree of aeration present on CT and similarly based on the NIR signal penetration into the maxilla on NIR images. Our results showed that air-filled and fluid/tissue-filled spaces can be reasonably distinguished by their differing NIR signal penetration patterns, with average NIR imaging scores for fluid-filled maxillary sinuses (0.93+/-0.78, n=29) significantly lower than those for normal maxillary sinuses (1.62+/-0.57, n=13) (p=0.003). NIR imaging of the sinuses is a simple, safe, and cost-effective modality that can potentially aid in the diagnosis of sinusitis. Long-term, significant device refinement and large clinical trials will be needed to determine the diagnostic accuracy of this technique.

Mahmood, Usama; Cerussi, Albert; Dehdari, Reza; Nguyen, Quoc; Kelley, Timothy; Tromberg, Bruce; Wong, Brian

2010-05-01

118

Radiotherapy of maxillary sinuses carcinoma: state of art  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Maxillary sinus carcinomas are rare malignancies of the face, characterized by high local relapsing rate. Modalities of treatment are without consensus and respective roles of radiation therapy and surgery remain controversial. As those malignancies are often diagnosed at locally advanced stage, radiation therapy may frequently be used for patients having unresectable advanced disease. Nevertheless, surgery remains treatment of choice for more localized malignancies, in association with systematic postoperative radiotherapy. For those patients whose prognosis remains pejorative, it is necessary to precise the role of radiotherapy in first intention for inoperable tumors, to define necessity for nodal treatment performing and evaluate the place of neo-adjuvant or concomitant chemotherapy in a multimodal strategy. (authors)

119

A comparative study of radiographic images of maxillary sinusitis  

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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Waters' views, panoramic and periapical radiograms as well as clinic al symptoms in the diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis. The author analyzed the types of mucosal thickenings, the types of bony wall changes, the pathologic changes of antra l floors and total amount of agreement on radiograms in 495 patients with 505 maxillary sinuses which demonstrated radio graphic changes. The results were obtained as follows : 1. 125 cases (24.8%) showed the mucosal thickening of antral floor and lateral wall (Type II), 106 cases (20.9%) showed the mucosal thickening around the whole antral wall (Type IV) and 75 cases (14.8%) showed increased radiopacity of whole antrum. 2. Among 505 cases of mucosal thickening, 319 cases (63.2%) showed the bony wall changes : 114 cases (35.9%) showed the thining of lateral walls, 105 cases (32.8%) showed the thickening of lateral walls and 47 cases (14.7%) showed indistinct antral walls. 3. Among 6 types of mucosal thickenings, the incidence of bony wall changes was high in type VI (73.3%) and in type IV (71.6%). 4. 139 cases (25.1%) showed no pathologic change of antral floor, 127 cases (22.9%) showed the indistinct antral floor and 022 cases (22.1%) showed the halo appearance of antral floor on panoramic and periapical radiograms. 5. 449 cases (88.9%) showed apparent increased radiopacity and 47 cases (9.3%) showed suspicious increased radiopacity on Waters' views. 280 cases (71.6%) showed apparent increased radiopacity and 88 cased (22.5%) showed suspicious increased radiopacity on panoramic radiograms. And 141 cases (31.6%) showed apparent increased radiopacity and 133 cases (33.4%) showed suspicious increased radiopacity on periapical radiograms.

Song, Nam Gyu; Koh, Kwang Joon [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, Chonbuk National University, Chonju (Korea, Republic of)

1997-02-15

120

A comparative study of radiographic images of maxillary sinusitis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Waters' views, panoramic and periapical radiograms as well as clinic al symptoms in the diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis. The author analyzed the types of mucosal thickenings, the types of bony wall changes, the pathologic changes of antra l floors and total amount of agreement on radiograms in 495 patients with 505 maxillary sinuses which demonstrated radio graphic changes. The results were obtained as follows : 1. 125 cases (24.8%) showed the mucosal thickening of antral floor and lateral wall (Type II), 106 cases (20.9%) showed the mucosal thickening around the whole antral wall (Type IV) and 75 cases (14.8%) showed increased radiopacity of whole antrum. 2. Among 505 cases of mucosal thickening, 319 cases (63.2%) showed the bony wall changes : 114 cases (35.9%) showed the thining of lateral walls, 105 cases (32.8%) showed the thickening of lateral walls and 47 cases (14.7%) showed indistinct antral walls. 3. Among 6 types of mucosal thickenings, the incidence of bony wall changes was high in type VI (73.3%) and in type IV (71.6%). 4. 139 cases (25.1%) showed no pathologic change of antral floor, 127 cases (22.9%) showed the indistinct antral floor and 022 cases (22.1%) showed the halo appearance of antral floor on panoramic and periapical radiograms. 5. 449 cases (88.9%) showed apparent increased radiopacity and 47 cases (9.3%) showed suspicious increased radiopacity on Waters' views. 280 cases (71.6%) showed apparent iviews. 280 cases (71.6%) showed apparent increased radiopacity and 88 cased (22.5%) showed suspicious increased radiopacity on panoramic radiograms. And 141 cases (31.6%) showed apparent increased radiopacity and 133 cases (33.4%) showed suspicious increased radiopacity on periapical radiograms.

121

A Computed Tomographic Study on the Size and Bone Wall Thickness of the Maxillary Sinus in Normal, Preoperative and Postoperative Maxillary Sinusitis Patients  

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To compare the size and bone wall thickness of the maxillary sinus in normal, preoperative and postoperative maxillary sinusitis patients. The author analyzed CT images of both left and right maxillary sinuses in 357 patients who visited Chonbuk National University Hospital between January 1997 and December 1998. The size and bone wall thickness of the maxillary sinus of normal, inflammatory and post-Caldwell-Luc groups were compared. The significant differences of transverse, maximum medio-lateral, maximum supero-inferior dimensions and medio-lateral dimension at nasal floor level between normal and post-Caldwell-Luc groups were found (P<0.05). And the significant differences of antero-posterior dimensions between inflammatory and post-Caldwell-Luc group were found (P<0.05). But, no significant differences of vertical height dimensions between groups was found (P>0.05). The significant differences of postero-lateral, infero-lateral and medial wall thickness between normal and post-Caldwell-Luc groups were found (P<0.05). The results of this study will aid in the diagnosis and treatment of maxillary sinus diseases and post operative treatment planning.

Choi, Sun Young; Koh, Kwang Joon [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology and Institute of Oral Bio Science, School of Dentistry, Chpnbuk National University, Chonju (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Sang Rae [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Kyunghee University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2000-06-15

122

Satisfaction with maxillary sinus surgery might be influenced by risk factors  

OpenAIRE

Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is an inflammation of the nose and paranasal sinuses lasting for ?12 weeks. Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) is considered during difficult to treat CRS. The minimally invasive technique focuses on the transition areas rather than on the ostia. The aim of this study was to evaluate symptoms, the number of acute sinusitis episodes, and satisfaction after ESS with either preservation or enlargement of the maxillary sinus ostium. Thirty patients with moderate nonpoly...

Myller, Jyri P.; Luukkainen, Annika T.; Huhtala, Heini S. A.; Torkkeli, Tommi V. M.; Rautiainen, Markus E. P.; Toppila-salmi, Sanna K.

2013-01-01

123

Sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography in diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis as compared to antral lavage  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To compare the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis as compared to antral lavage. Study Design: Validation study Place and duration: Otolaryngology Department Combined Military Hospital Rawalpindi from first March 07 to 28 February 2008. Patients and Methods: Consenting 60 patients diagnosed clinically as a case of sinusitis, presenting in ENT OPD during the study period fitting the inclusion criteria were selected. Ultrasonography of maxillary sinuses focusing on fluid level was done of all the patients. After ultrasonography all the patients had an antral lavage with isotonic saline to look for mucopurulent discharge. Sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography was evaluated in diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis. Results: The sensitivity of ultrasonography in diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis taking antral lavage as Gold Standard was very low 35.89 %. The specificity of ultrasonography in diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis taking antral lavage as Gold Standard is good i.e. 80.95%. Conclusion: Ultrasonography has low sensitivity but high specificity in diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis. (author)

124

Influence of topical steroid treatment on maxillary sinusitis.  

Science.gov (United States)

The clinical efficacy and adverse effects of budesonide administered as a nasal aerosol in addition to sinus washings and erythromycin therapy was assessed by comparison with placebo in a randomized, double-blind study of 40 patients with chronic or recurrent maxillary sinusitis. Most of the patients had been referred for operative treatment. Corticosteroid therapy, 400 micrograms daily, or placebo was continued for 3 months. Budesonide and antral irrigations reduced nasal symptoms more effectively than placebo, and there was a significantly greater reduction in facial pain and sensitivity in the budesonide group than in the placebo group. During the treatment period, mucosal thickening as evaluated by radiology decreased more clearly in the budesonide group than in the placebo group, but the difference did not reach statistical significance. The most frequently isolated bacteria were Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Haemophilus influenzae. Only 2 of 20 Haemophilus strains were beta-lactamase producers. The cellular picture was dominated by neutrophils in all secretions. There was no significant difference in clinical outcome between the two groups. Topical steroid therapy did not cause any adverse effects. PMID:1411095

Qvarnberg, Y; Kantola, O; Salo, J; Toivanen, M; Valtonen, H; Vuori, E

1992-06-01

125

Role of Modified Endoscopic Medial Maxillectomy in Persistent Chronic Maxillary Sinusitis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Introduction Functional endoscopic sinus surgery has a long-term high rate of success for symptomatic improvement in patients with medically refractory chronic rhinosinusitis. As the popularity of the technique continues to grow, however, so does the population of patients with postsurgical persis [...] tent sinus disease, especially in those with a large window for ventilation and drainage. In addition, chronic infections of the sinuses especially fungal sinusitis have a higher incidence of recurrence even though a wide maxillary ostium had been performed earlier. This subset of patients often represents a challenge to the otorhinolaryngologist. Objectives To identify the patients with chronic recalcitrant maxillary sinusitis and devise treatment protocols for this subset of patients. Methods A retrospective review was done of all patients with persistent maxillary sinus disease who had undergone modified endoscopic medial maxillectomy between 2009 and 2012. We studied patient demographics, previous surgical history, and follow-up details and categorized the types of endoscopic medial maxillectomies performed in different disease situations. Results We performed modified endoscopic medial maxillectomies in 37 maxillary sinuses of 24 patients. The average age was 43.83 years. Average follow-up was 14.58 months. All patients had good disease control in postoperative visits with no clinical evidence of recurrences. Conclusion Modified endoscopic medial maxillectomy appears to be an effective surgery for treatment of chronic, recalcitrant maxillary sinusitis.

Ponnaiah, Thulasidas; Venkatraman, Vaidyanathan.

2014-04-01

126

A study of geometrical theory for maxillary sinus projection in children  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study is to evaluate the individual angulation on maxillary sinus projection and establishing angulation in children by new geometrical method. There were two groups, which are 60 cases in children (ranged from 1yr to 3yrs, 3yrs to 8yrs, 8yrs to 12yrs) and 50 cases in adults. We analyzed the true lateral maxillary sinus film of total 110 patients using new geometrical method. We demonstrated an angle of maxillary sinus projection. Arithmetical it is not valid during development of facial bone in childhood. The individual range of angulation according to age was that 1yr to 3yrs is 50-47 degrees, 3yrs to 8yrs is 47-40 degrees, 8yrs to 12yrs is 40-38 degrees. This geometrical method will be useful in establishing angulation for maxillary sinus projection

127

The thick-walled usually opacified maxillary sinus-conventional CT radionuclide ultrasound correlative studies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The thickening of the wall of the maxillary sinus, observed in standard radiology poses many questions for clinicians. Computed tomography, ultrasonography and scintigraphy each provide an anatomical and physiological interpretation of the process. Four cases are reported

128

A study of geometrical theory for maxillary sinus projection in children  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This study is to evaluate the individual angulation on maxillary sinus projection and establishing angulation in children by new geometrical method. There were two groups, which are 60 cases in children (ranged from 1yr to 3yrs, 3yrs to 8yrs, 8yrs to 12yrs) and 50 cases in adults. We analyzed the true lateral maxillary sinus film of total 110 patients using new geometrical method. We demonstrated an angle of maxillary sinus projection. Arithmetical it is not valid during development of facial bone in childhood. The individual range of angulation according to age was that 1yr to 3yrs is 50-47 degrees, 3yrs to 8yrs is 47-40 degrees, 8yrs to 12yrs is 40-38 degrees. This geometrical method will be useful in establishing angulation for maxillary sinus projection.

Jeon, Heung Kyu; Kwon, Young Ho; Lee, Byung Je [Tongdaemoon Hospital, Ewha Womans Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1997-02-01

129

Accidental Entry of Foreign Body in Maxillary Sinus—A Case Report  

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Full Text Available Extraction of the first molar or premolar is the commonest cause of oro-antral fistula. Management involves identification of the same, removal of any foreign body from the maxillary sinus, if present, followed by appropriate flap for closer. A case is presented when a gutta percha (GP point was accidentally dislodged into the right maxillary sinus during preliminary diagnosis of the oro-antral fistula. The surgical management of the case is described and is the appropriate treatment plan.

Nishant Kumar

2015-01-01

130

[Low-frequency ultrasonic therapy in combined treatment of chronic maxillary sinusitis].  

Science.gov (United States)

The author presents the results of application of intrasinus low-frequency ultrasound in the treatment of 61 patients with chronic purulent maxillary sinusitis. Compared to the control group of 10 patients given conventional treatment, ultrasound-treated patients responded better. Thus, intrasinus low-frequency ultrasound used in patients with chronic purulent maxillary sinusitis makes the treatment cheaper and faster. Simple and convenient in management, the above ultrasonic equipment can be applied both in hospitals and outpatient setting. PMID:14605664

Khudiev, A M

2003-01-01

131

Occurrence of maxillary sinus abnormalities detected by cone beam CT in asymptomatic patients  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Although cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of the maxillofacial region allow the inspection of the entire volume of the maxillary sinus (MS), identifying anatomic variations and abnormalities in the image volume, this is frequently neglected by oral radiologists when interpreting images of areas at a distance from the dentoalveolar region, such as the full anatomical aspect of the MS. The aim of this study was to investigate maxillary sinus abnormalities in asymp...

Rege Inara Carneiro; Sousa Thiago; Leles Cláudio; Mendonça Elismauro

2012-01-01

132

Evaluation of the posterior superior alveolar artery and the maxillary sinus with CBCT  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Assessment of the maxillary sinus anatomy before sinus augmentation is important for avoiding surgical complications, because of the close anatomical relationship between the posterior maxillary teeth and the maxillary sinus. The posterior superior alveolar artery (PSAA) is the branch of the maxilla [...] ry artery that supplies the lateral sinus wall and overlying membrane. We evaluated the location of the PSAA and its relationship to the alveolar ridge and maxillary sinus using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). The study group consisted of 135 CBCT scans (270 sinuses) obtained from the archive of the dentomaxillofacial radiology department at Yeditepe University Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul, Turkey. The distance between the lower border of the artery and the alveolar crest, bone height from the sinus floor to the ridge crest, distance from the artery to the medial sinus wall, and the diameter and location of the artery were determined. The occurrence of septa and pathology were recorded from CBCT scans. The PSAA was observed in 89.3% of sinuses, and 71.1% of arteries were intraosseous with diameters mostly

Dilhan, Ilguy; Mehmet, Ilguy; Semanur, Dolekoglu; Erdogan, Fisekcioglu.

2013-09-01

133

The coronal CT of the paranasal sinuses in the postoperative maxillary cyst  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We classified patients with paranasal sinus disease into 3 categories, those with or without a history of previous Caldwell-Luc procedure according to clinical diagnosis. Class A: post-operative maxillary cysts in 22 patients. Class B: paranasal sinusitis in 21 patients who had undergone Caldwell-Luc surgery. Class C: paranasal sinusitis in 62 patients who had not undergone paranasal sinus surgery. This study evaluated the ethmoid, frontal and sphenoid sinuses in these 3 classes of patients on coronal CT scan. High density areas in the ethmoid sinuses were observed in 25.0% of class A, 80.0% of class B, and 82.1% of class C; in the frontal sinuses in 19.0% of class A, 73.7% of class B, and 73.3% of class C; in the sphenoid sinuses in 18.2% of class A, 57.1% of class B, and 51.6% of class C. As a result, the prevalence of high density areas in the ethmoid, frontal and sphenoid sinuses in patients (class A) with postoperative maxillary cysts was significantly lower than those in patients (classes B and C) with paranasal sinusitis. The authors speculated that postoperative maxillary cysts arise in cases that had few or lightly inflammatory changes of the ethmoid, frontal and sphenoid sinuses. (author)

134

Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography features of nasopharyngeal carcinomas with maxillary sinus involvement  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Anterior spread of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) may infiltrate the maxillary sinus. In a prospective study of 114 patients comparing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) in the staging of NPC, 10 (9%) patients were noted to have tumour infiltration of the maxillary sinuses. All of the patients except one had associated infiltration of the sphenoidal sinuses indicating advanced local spread. Computed tomography was excellent in outlining the extent of bony erosion and associated soft tissue mass within the antra. T1-weighted images could not demonstrate bony erosions directly although soft tissue extension into the sinuses could be clearly visualized. Both CT and MRI showed good demarcation between tumour and mucosal thickening within the maxillary sinus. Although MRI demonstrated soft tissue involvement more elegantly than CT, it did not appear to offer significantly more information that may affect clinical management. 13 refs., 1 tab., 4 figs

135

Radiotherapy for cancer of the maxillary sinus, with boost therapy by low dose rate intracavitary irradiation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Prognosis of cancer of the maxillary sinus markedly depends on its local control. In order to increase the local control rate for cancer of the maxillary sinus, low dose rate intracavitary irradiation of the maxillary sinus was performed as boost therapy of external irradiation. During the period from January 1975 through September 1982, 87 patients with cancer of the maxillary sinus were treated by radiotherapy at the Department of Radiology, The Jikei University School of Medicine, and 43 out of these 87 cases were treated with intracavitary irradiation as boost therapy of external irradiation. The 3-year and 5-year cumulative survival rates of the 43 cases treated with intracavitary irradiation were 44% and 39%, respectively. The same two rates of the 44 cases without intracavitary irradiation were both 47%. Considering that tumor foci still persisted in the maxillary sinus in almost all of the 43 intracavitary irradiation cases and that 34 of them were of the postero-superior type (according to Oehngren's classification), which generally results in poor prognosis, intracavitary irradiation as boost therapy can be assumed to be one of the effective therapeutic techniques for cancer of the maxillary sinus. (author)

136

A radiographic study of the experimental lesions in the maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to examine the differences in representation of a globular radiopaque mass on the pantomograms and Waters' views and to compare the efficacy of periapical radiograms, pantomograms and Waters' views in detection of defects on the internal walls of the maxillary sinus. This study was performed with dried human skull. For the study of difference of radiopaque mass shadow in the two views, rubber ball with a diameter of 10mm was used as the experimental lesion. It was placed successively on the internal wall of the anterior, posterior, medial, lateral walls and floor of the maxillary sinus. To examine the detectability of defects for radiographic techniques, defects were formed in the anterior, posterior, medial, lateral walls, and floor of the maxillary sinus. They were formed with 0.5 mm, 0.75 mm, 1.0 mm, 2.0 mm and 3.0 mm sized steel round burs with a slow speed dental handpiece. By subsequently plugging the holes with zinc oxide eugenol paste, radiopaque defects were produced. After that the periapical radiograms, the pantomograms and the Waters' views were taken each and every defect. The obtained results were as follows: 1. Rubber balls placed on each internal wall of maxillary sinus were correctly depicted on the posterior wall and the floor in case of the pantomogram, and on the anterior wall and the medial wall in case of the Waters' view. 2. On the detectability of defects for each radiographic technique, radiolucent defects were dehic technique, radiolucent defects were detected in different places of each technique. Periapical radiogram could detect 1.0 mm defect on the floor of the maxillary sinus, pantomogram could detect 2.0 mm defect on every internal wall of the maxillary sinus, and Waters' view could detect 3.0 mm defect on the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus. 3. On the detectability of defects for each radiographic technique, radiopaque defects were detected in different places for each technique. Periapical radiogram could clearly detect 0.5 mm defect on the floor of the maxillary sinus, pantomogram could detect 0.5 mm defect on every internal wall of the maxillary sinus, and finally Waters' view could detect 0.5 mm defect on the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus but 0.75 mm defect on the anterior wall, lateral wall, lateral wall and floor of the maxillary sinus. As the result, the periapical radiogram is the most simple and satisfactory method for investigating in the maxillary sinus. The pantomogram is suitable method for screening of changes in the maxillary sinus. And the Waters' view is available for detect of lesion in the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus. For the purpose of accurate diagnosis and evaluation of lesion in the maxillary sinus, these techniques supplement each other.

137

A radiologic study the maxillary sinusitis as seen by waters' and specialized panoramic projections  

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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the specialized Orthopantomograms and standard films compared with Water s' views in the diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis. The author analysed the types of mucosal thickening, the types of bony wall change, the relation between the types of chief complaints and mucosal thickening on the Waters' views of 156 patients with 206 maxillary sinuses demonstrating radiographic changes. And the pathologic change of antral floor was observed on 187 standard at 156 specialized Orthopantomogams and 187 standard films. The results were obtained as followings. 1. Among 206 mucosal thickening classified by 6 types, generalized increased radiopacity was 69 cases (33.5%) and the entire thickening of mucosa except an ostium area was 66 cases (32.0%). 2. The bony wall change was seen in 128 cases (62.1%) and the incidence of indistinct antral wall was the highest as 55 cases (43.0%) among 5 types. 3. Among 148 chief complaints, pain was 71 cases (48.0%), swelling was 19 cases (12.8%) and discomfort was 18 cases (12.2%). 4. The most frequent change of antral floor was indistinct antral floor as 25 cases (13.4%) and elevation of antral floor was 23 cases (12.3%). 5. In 156 specialized Orthopantomograms, 101 cases (49.0%) presented apparent increased radiopacity and 72 cases (35.0%) showed suspicious increased radiopacity in comparison with Waters' view. In 187 standard films, 47 cases (25.1%) presented apparent increased radiopacity and 53 cases (arent increased radiopacity and 53 cases (28.4%) showed suspicious increased radiopacity in comparison with Waters' view.

138

Morphological study of the maxillary sinus using three-dimensional reconstruction of the tomographic images  

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A morphological study of the maxillary sinus using the computerized three-dimensional reconstruction of the tomographic images was made. Materials of this study were 86 adult dry skulls of the Second Department of Oral Anatomy of Fukuoka Dental College. The results were as follows: 1. A tomographic apparatus which could select varius X-ray tube shifts was used. The hypocycloidal shift was the best for the tomography of the maxillary sinus. 2. In the tomographs of the maxillary sinus, the images of some sections in the maximum cross-section area presented real shapes. However, the images of other sections were indistinct and influenced by the shape of the maximum cross-section. 3. Reconstruction of the tomographic images of the maxillary sinus by computer made it easy and precise to recognize the three-dimensional image. 4. The dimensions in the maximum cross-section of the maxillary sinus of the 86 adult dry skulls obtained from the reconstructed three-dimensional images were 4.59 ± 1.26 cm2 in frontal, 5.21 ± 1.36 cm2 in transversal and 8.09 ± 1.82 cm2 in sagittal tomographs. The majority of the skulls were symmetry, and a few were asymmetry in correlation between the right and left side sinuses. 5. According to the reconstructed three-dimensional images the shapes of the maxillary sinus of the 86 adult dry skulls were classified into 10 types in frontal, 4 types in transversal and 8 types in sagittal tomographs. The most familiar sagittal tomographs. The most familiar shape was triangular in frontal, trapezoidal in sagittal and triangular in transversal tomographs. 6. The dimension and shape of the maxillary sinus had no correlation with the frontal width of the nasal cavity. (author)

139

A case report of an inverted papilloma infiltrating into maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The present study reports a case of inverted papilloma of the nasal cavity and infiltrating into the maxillary sinus. Inverted papilloma is an uncommon and locally aggressive benign tumor of the sinonasal region. The patient, 51-year-old male, presented with unilateral nasal obstruction and periodic swelling on the palate without pain. Enhanced CT scan revealed a heterogeneously enhancing solid mass in the nasal cavity and infiltrating into the right maxillary sinus, as well as an incidental, secondarily infected residual cyst in the periapical area of the right maxillary canine. The sinonasal mass was revealed as an inverted papilloma on histopathologic examination.

140

A case report of an inverted papilloma infiltrating into maxillary sinus  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The present study reports a case of inverted papilloma of the nasal cavity and infiltrating into the maxillary sinus. Inverted papilloma is an uncommon and locally aggressive benign tumor of the sinonasal region. The patient, 51-year-old male, presented with unilateral nasal obstruction and periodic swelling on the palate without pain. Enhanced CT scan revealed a heterogeneously enhancing solid mass in the nasal cavity and infiltrating into the right maxillary sinus, as well as an incidental, secondarily infected residual cyst in the periapical area of the right maxillary canine. The sinonasal mass was revealed as an inverted papilloma on histopathologic examination.

Ji, Yong Hwa; Choi, Bo Ram; Huh, Kyung Hoe; Lee, Sam Sun [School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); An, Chang Hyeon [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

2009-06-15

141

A case report of incidental finding of fungus ball on CBCT of maxillary sinus in treatment planning of dental implant  

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This report was to show the radiographic appearances of the fungus ball in a paranasal sinus and to emphasize the scan area of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to detect the calcification in the paranasal sinus. A seventy four-year-old woman visited our department for the implant rehabilitation at both maxillary posterior edentulous region. Pre-operative radiographic examinations including the panoramic, CBCT, and multidector CT images were taken. An opacification in the right maxillary sinus was observed on the multiplanar image of CBCT, however the pre-determined scan area of CBCT in this report hardly showed the calcifications at the central portion of the maxillary sinus. The opacification in the maxillary sinus could be misdiagnosed as chronic maxillary sinusitis if the calcification of fungus ball was not simultaneously detected. The scan area of pre-operative CBCT needs to be enough to scan the paranasal sinus from top to bottom.

142

A case report of incidental finding of fungus ball on CBCT of maxillary sinus in treatment planning of dental implant  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report was to show the radiographic appearances of the fungus ball in a paranasal sinus and to emphasize the scan area of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to detect the calcification in the paranasal sinus. A seventy four-year-old woman visited our department for the implant rehabilitation at both maxillary posterior edentulous region. Pre-operative radiographic examinations including the panoramic, CBCT, and multidector CT images were taken. An opacification in the right maxillary sinus was observed on the multiplanar image of CBCT, however the pre-determined scan area of CBCT in this report hardly showed the calcifications at the central portion of the maxillary sinus. The opacification in the maxillary sinus could be misdiagnosed as chronic maxillary sinusitis if the calcification of fungus ball was not simultaneously detected. The scan area of pre-operative CBCT needs to be enough to scan the paranasal sinus from top to bottom.

Lee, Byung Do [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Iksan (Korea, Republic of)

2010-06-15

143

Aspergillosis of the maxillary sinus. A clinical analysis of 24 cases. Comparision with 30 cases of non-fungal maxillary sinusitis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The clinical and radiographic findings of 24 patients with aspergillosis of the maxillary sinus treated from 1989 through 2004 were compared with those of 30 patients with non-fungal maxillary sinusitis to clarify factors related to differential diagnosis. The subjects with aspergillosis were 9 men and 15 women aged 26 to 78 years (mean, 52 years). The patients with non-fungal sinusitis were 25 men and 5 women aged 23 to 73 years (mean, 46 years). The most common clinical finding at presentation was cheek pain, followed by nasal symptoms in the aspergillosis group. Nasal symptoms were more common in the non-fungal group than in the aspergillosis group. Thus, pain was more often associated with aspergillosis. Radiographically, diffuse radiopacity was observed in the maxillary sinus of all patients in both groups. In addition, dense antral radiopacities indicative of calcification were seen in a patient with aspergillosis. On X-ray-CT scans, bone thickening of antral walls (23 cases), sand-like high density areas (20 cases), extension of soft tissue masses to the nasal cavity (17 cases), foamy low density areas (13 cases), and bone destruction (6 cases) were seen in the aspergillosis group. These findings were rarely seen in the non-fungal group. All patients in both groups were treated by radical surgery of the maxillary sinus. The postoperative course was uncomplicated, and there was no recurrence as of 1 year postoperatively. In conclusion, the presence of pain, bone In conclusion, the presence of pain, bone thickening of antral walls, sand-like high density areas, extension of soft tissue masses to the nasal cavity, foamy low density areas, and bone destruction on X-ray-CT scans were valuable for diagnosing aspergillosis of the maxillary sinus. (author)

144

Preliminary study of the deposition of aerosol in the maxillary sinuses using a plastinated model.  

Science.gov (United States)

In spite of the widespread use of aerosols in respiratory diseases, very few studies have been performed in the field of ear, nose, and throat (ENT) disorders. The conditions for penetration of aerosols inside the sinus cavities are thus still not understood fully. The aim of this study was to investigate the penetration of aerosols inside maxillary sinuses in vitro, using plastinated models. Three plastinated specimens of the nose and sinuses were made from three different corpses. These specimens were validated by CT scans and were used to study deposition of aerosol in the maxillary sinuses. We performed scintigraphic images of the models in above, face, and profile views using a technetium (99mTc)-labelled solution to show aerosol deposition. We also counted the radioactivity deposited on gauze compresses placed inside the maxillary sinuses. In addition, we constructed a measuring unit with miniature humidity sensors placed inside the sinuses. We recorded the changes in relative humidity observed during nebulization. Results from these studies showed that scintigraphic images of the specimen, whatever the incidence of the views, were not accurate enough to differentiate the aerosol deposition in the maxillary sinuses from that in the nasal cavity. Using indirect counting on gauze compresses made possible the quantification of local aerosol deposition, and we found that aerosols entered into the sinuses. This confirmed that aerosols could reach the middle meatus, which is the main area for sinusitis disorders. The increased activity compared to background varied from 17 to 127%. The humidity sensors recorded changes in relative humidity during the nebulization. These humidity changes fitted a nonlinear model represented by the equation: y = b0 (1 - e(-b1t)), where b0 is the plateau and b1 is the speed to reach the plateau. These techniques may be useful in the future for in vitro characterization of aerosol penetration into the maxillary sinuses. PMID:11495489

Durand, M; Rusch, P; Granjon, D; Chantrel, G; Prades, J M; Dubois, F; Esteve, D; Pouget, J F; Martin, C

2001-01-01

145

Results of combined therapy for maxillary sinus squamous cell carcinoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The results of 54 cases of maxillary sinus squamous cell carcinoma treated between 1980 and 2002 were analyzed retrospectively. The T classification according to the 1997 Union Internationale Contre le Cancer (UICC) was as follows: 2 with stage T1, 29 with T3, and 23 with T4. Ten patients (18.5 %) had lymph node metastases at diagnosis. All patients underwent combined therapy including radiotherapy, surgery, and regional or systemic chemotherapy. Fifteen patients received hyperfractionated twice-daily radiotherapy (1.2 Gy or 1.5 Gy/fraction), and the remaining 39 patients received a conventional once-daily regimen (1.5-2 Gy/fraction). The 5-year overall survival and 5-year disease-free survival for all patients were 56.0% and 46.7%, respectively. The N classification was the only significant prognostic factor for 5-year disease-free survival by univariate analysis (favoring N=0, p=0.04). There were no significant differences in other prognostic factors including gender, T classification (T1-3 vs. T4), hyperfractionated radiotherapy (yes vs. no), total dose (biological effective dose (BED): 10 vs. ?69 Gy10), and intra-arterial chemotherapy (yes vs. no). Although radiation-induced cataract was observed in 9 patients, no other severe late complications developed. (author)

146

Clinical results of maxillary sinus squamous cell carcinoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The clinical findings of 43 cases with maxillary sinus squamous cell carcinoma treated between 1994 and 2007 were analyzed retrospectively. The patients ranged from 39-81 years of age (median of 63 years) and consisted of 34 men and nine women. In terms of the clinical T factor for these patients according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) classification (1997), there were three cases with T2, 12 cases with T3, 12, and 28 cases with T4. Three patients were diagnosed with lymph node metastases. The median follow-up time was 52 months (range of 6-162 months). From 1994 to 2004, accelerated hyperfractionated radiotherapy combined with low-dose carboplatin (CBDCA) infusion was used preoperatively, and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) combined with high-dose cisplatin (CDDP) infusion chemotherapy was used from 2005 to 2007. The five-year overall survival rate (OS), five-year disease-free survival rate (DFS), and five-year local control rate (LC) of all patients were 80%, 72.6%, and 72.7%, respectively. The IMRT combined with high-dose CDDP infusion chemotherapy group had better OS than the other group, but it was not statistically significant. (author)

147

Importance of tumor origin determination in selecting suitable surgery for treating inverted maxillary sinus papillomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report the clinical outcomes for 28 subjects treated for inverted maxillary sinus papilloma between 2003 and 2007 involving preoperative imaging determination of tumor origin. Tumor origin often determines whether endoscopic endonasal or transmaxillary surgery is to be done. Endoscopic endonasal surgery was conducted for tumors originating in the posterior maxillary sinus in 17 patients and endoscopic transmaxillary surgery for tumors originating in the anterior maxillary sinus in 11 patients. Recurrence was seen in only 1 whose tumor originated in the superior sinus wall and had spread wide by to the lateral and posterior walls. Endoscopic endonasal resection was initially conducted and the recurrent tumor extracted by endoscopic transmaxillary surgery. The tool essential for successful tumor removal is complete surgical resection so as our study demonstrates, the preoperative determination of tumor origin is important in selecting of the most appropriate surgical procedure. (author)

148

Comparison of panoramic radiography and cone beam computed tomography for assessing the relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and maxillary molars  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study compared panoramic radiography and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) for evaluating the relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the roots of maxillary molars. Paired panoramic radiographs and CBCT images from 97 subjects were analysed. This analysis classified 388 maxillary molars according to their relationship to the maxillary sinus floor on panoramic radiograph and CBCT. Correlations between these two radiographic techniques were examined. Maxillary molar roots that were separate from the sinus floor showed the same classification in 100% of the cases when using these two imaging techniques. The corresponding percentage for such roots that were in contact with the sinus floor was 75%. When roots overlapped the maxillary sinus floor on panoramic radiographs, only 26.4% of maxillary first molars and 60.0% of second molars showed protrusion of roots into the sinus with CBCT. The results of the study suggest that roots projecting into the sinus on panoramic radiographs require a three-dimensional image in order to analyze the proximity of their apex to the sinus floor.

149

Experimental study on penetration of dental implants into the maxillary sinus in different depths  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The exposing of dental implant into the maxillary sinus combined with membrane perforation might increase risks of implant failure and sinus complications. Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the dental implant penetration into the maxillary sinus cavity in diffe [...] rent depths on osseointegration and sinus health in a dog model. Material and Methods: Sixteen titanium implants were placed in the bilateral maxillary molar areas of eight adult mongrel dogs, which were randomly divided into four groups according to the different penetrating extents of implants into the sinus cavities (group A: 0 mm; group B: 1 mm; group C: 2 mm; group D: 3 mm). The block biopsies were harvested five months after surgery and evaluated by radiographic observation and histological analysis. Results: No signs of inflammatory reactions were observed in any maxillary sinus of the eight dogs. The tips of the implants with penetrating depth of 1 mm and 2 mm were found to be fully covered with newly formed membrane and partially with new bone. The tips of the implants with penetrating depth over 3 mm were exposed in the sinus cavity and showed no membrane or bone coverage. No significant differences were found among groups regarding implant stability, bone-to-implant contact (BIC) and bone area in the implant threads (BA). Conclusions: Despite the protrusion extents, penetration of dental implant into the maxillary sinus with membrane perforation does not compromise the sinus health and the implant osseointegration in canine.

Weijian, ZHONG; Binke, CHEN; Xin, LIANG; Guowu, MA.

2013-12-01

150

Myxoid Type of Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Maxillary Sinus: A Case Report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Myxofibrosarcoma was originally described as the myxoid variant of Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma (MFH, a high-grade and aggressive sarcoma, which is very uncommon in the head and neck region, with about 100 cases reported up to now. MFH occurring in the maxillary sinus is so rare that only 23 cases have been reported. We hereby report a case of myxofibrosarcoma in the maxillary sinus. Case Report: The case was a 54-year-old male with symptoms of toothache in the right posterior maxillary teeth, a swelling adjacent to maxillary molar region and symptoms of chronic maxillary sinusitis. In clinical examination, the teeth were sensitive to percussion and palpation, but no caries and restoration was detected on his molar teeth. He was suffering from local pain and tenderness over his midface and mild fever, fatigue and some nonspecific vague pain. CT scan showed a mass lesion involving right nasal cavity, maxillary and ethmoidal sinuses. A low-grade malignancy arising from the right maxillary sinus was highly suspected. A surgery was done to remove the mass. The histological and immunohistochemical studies proved the diagnosis of myxoid variant of Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma. Therefore radiotherapy and chemotherapy was started for the patient but six months later the symptoms returned and CT scan showed a right maxillary and ethmoidal mass that extended to base of the skull. Maxillectomy and ethmoidectomy were performed for the patient, but 2 months later he died because of the extension of the tumor, which confirmed the necessity of early diagnosis. Conclusion: Amplified radical surgery is the first choice of treatment. The second surgery has special value to the recurrent patients. Radiotherapy alone or chemotherapy alone is not effective to MFH of head and neck region

Amir Hossein Jafarian

2011-04-01

151

Evaluation of the maxillary sinus and adjacent structures on the orthopantomograph to the head positions  

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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utilization of the orthopantomogrph as a diagnostic aid to observe maxillary sinus and adjacent structures. For achieving this goal, the lead plates were attached to the five walls of the maxillary sinus of a human dry skull. The dry skull was placed in fourteen different positions ; standard, 20 mm forward, 20 mm backward, 10 degree upward, 10 degree downward, 20 mm lateral, forward and upward, forward and lateral, backward and upward, backward and downward, backward and lateral, upward and lateral, downward and lateral position. The obtained results were as follows: 1. The image of the medial wall was observed very differently according to the head positions. 2. The image of the anterior wall was observed at medial third to half of the maxillary sinus in each head position. 3. The image of the posterior wall was always observed at lateral third of the maxillary sinus in all head positions and more obviously in the downward-lateral position. 4. The image of the superior wall was observed at the inferior third to half of the orbit in each head position. 5. The image of the inferior wall was always observed at the inferior third of maxillary sinus in all head positions and observed more obviously in the standard and downward-lateral positions. 6. The image of the zygomatic process, zygomatic arch and zygomaticotemporal suture were observed very well in the downward-lateral position.

152

Virtual planning and construction of prototyped surgical guide in implant surgery with maxillary sinus bone graft  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of associating techniques of bone grafting in the maxillary sinus with the use of a prototyped surgical guide for planning and positioning dental implants in total edentulous maxillae, rehabilitated after six months. METHODS: Eight patients consecutives with totally [...] edentulous maxilla presenting few remaining bone in the posterior alveolar ridge, associated with pneumatization of the maxillary sinus were selected. Twenty eight Brånemark RP 10mm implants were installed in 14 maxillary sinuses. The surgical planning for the implant installation was performed with the DentalSlice software by means of a computerized tomography. The obtained images were used for building a surgical guide that, placed over the maxilla, showed the exact position for the implants installation (prototyped surgical guide). The portion of the implants that went into the maxillary sinus was covered by an autogenous bone graft. RESULTS: The patients were re-evaluated six months after the surgery and a 100% success rate was achieved. All of the implants presented no mobility or symptoms, permitting an oral rehabilitation with total fixed screw-retained prosthesis over the implants. CONCLUSION: The technique of associating implants and bone graft in the maxillary sinus aided by a prototyped guide planned on DentalSlice has showed itself efficient for positioning implants and for quantifying and locating the bone graft.

Renato Jahjah Cunha, Martins; Henrique Manoel, Lederman.

2013-09-01

153

Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour of the maxillary sinus: CT and MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: To characterize the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours (IMTs) of the maxillary sinus. Materials and methods: The imaging findings of eight patients with IMTs of the maxillary sinus were reviewed retrospectively. Of the eight patients, four patients underwent unenhanced and contrast-enhanced CT, and one patient underwent unenhanced CT only; three patients underwent unenhanced and contrast-enhanced MRI. Results: Five cases of IMTs occurred in the left maxillary sinus, while three cases were right-sided. Four cases occupied the entire sinus, and the other four cases only partially occupied the sinus. Unenhanced CT images showed heterogeneous masses in four cases and a homogeneous mass in one case. One of the tumours showed some areas of calcification. T1-weighted MRI images showed isointense lesions. T2-weighted images showed mixed isointense and mild hyperintense lesions. All cases showed bone destruction and had infiltrated into the nasal fossa, orbit, infratemporal fossa, and other adjacent tissues. Seven cases showed mild to moderate heterogeneous enhancement on contrast-enhanced CT or T1-weighted MRI images. Conclusion: IMTs of the maxillary sinus can be characterized as a soft-tissue mass with bony destruction and infiltration of the adjacent tissues, with mild to moderate enhancement after the injection of contrast medium. CT and MRI can help to diagnose IMTs, determine the extent of to diagnose IMTs, determine the extent of the lesion and its relationship with adjacent tissues, and thus facilitate the prediction of surgical resectability.

154

Displasia fibrosa de seno maxilar / Fibrous Dysplasia of Maxillary Sinus  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available La displasia fibrosa fue descrita por Lichtenstein en 1938, es una enfermedad caracterizada por el reemplazo progresivo de tejido óseo normal por una proliferación de tejido conectivo fibroso, por su forma de presentación se clasifica en monostótica o poliostótica. La forma monostótica, localizada e [...] n la región craneofacial constituye solo el 10 % de los casos, se presenta con mayor frecuencia en el maxilar superior y puede afectar a huesos adyacentes como el cigomático, esfenoides y occipital. La degeneración sarcomatosa puede ocurrir en un 0,5 %. Se presenta el caso de una paciente femenina, de 37 años de edad, operada ocho años antes de displasia fibrosa en el Servicio de Cirugía Máxilofacial del Hospital Vladimir I. Lenin, que luego de su embarazo y parto presenta un aumento de volumen en área malar y maxilar izquierdos, a la que se le realiza biopsia que da como resultado una recidiva. Se le realiza cirugía remodelativa de pared anterior de seno maxilar, a través de una incisión de Weber-Ferguson, con buenos resultados estéticos y funcionales. Abstract in english Fibrous dysplasia was described by Lichtenstein in 1938, is a progressive disease characterized by replacement of normal bone tissue by proliferation of fibrous connective tissue, its presentation is classified in monostotic or polyostotic. The monostotic form, located in the craniofacial region con [...] stitutes only 10 % of cases, it occurs most frequently in the maxilla and adjacent bones can affect as the zygomatic, sphenoid and occipital. The sarcomatous degeneration can occur in 0.5 %. A 37-year-old female patient, who underwent fibrous dysplasia surgery eight years ago at Maxillofacial Surgery Department of Vladimir I. Lenin Hospital, which after the pregnancy and delivery presented a volume increase in malar and left area is presented in this paper, biopsy is performed whose results showed a recurrence. Remodeling surgery was performed of anterior wall of the maxillary sinus through a Weber-Ferguson incision with good cosmetic and functional results.

Cecilia, Parladé Formell; Yamily, González Cardona; Portelles Massó, Ayelén M; Julio O, Fuentes de la Rosa; Mirian, Vivar Bauzá.

2015-03-01

155

Absceso cerebral como complicación de sinusitis maxilar / Brain abscess as a complication of maxillary sinusitis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available El absceso cerebral es una infección infrecuente en el niño, pero puede ser muy grave con riesgo para la vida aun con los avances diagnósticos y terapéuticos disponibles. Su presentación clínica varía en dependencia de la localización, y el diagnóstico requiere un alto índice de presunción, ya que p [...] uede presentarse como complicación de procesos infecciosos frecuentes en la infancia. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 5 años de edad, con un absceso cerebral frontal, secundario a sinusitis maxilar. Se describen las manifestaciones clínicas, resultados de exámenes complementarios y tratamiento. Abstract in english Brain abscess is an uncommon infection in the child, but it may represent a very serious life-threatening risk even if many diagnostic and therapeutic advances are available. Its clinical presentation depends on location and the diagnosis requires a lot of presumption since it may also appear as a c [...] omplication of frequent infectious processes in the childhood. This is the case of 5 years-old girl suffering frontal brain abscess secondary to maxillary sinusitis. The clinical manifestations, the results of supplementary tests and of the treatment were described.

Karen Vanessa, Alvayero Mejía; Carlos, Marques de Carvalho; Aixa, Martínez Romero; María del Carmen, Luis Álvarez; Odette, Pantoja Pereda; Dayamí, Benítez Rodríguez.

2012-12-01

156

Maxillary sinus elevation in conjunction with transnasal endoscopic treatment of rhino-sinusal pathoses: preliminary results on 10 consecutively treated patients  

OpenAIRE

A one-step surgical procedure is presented, including maxillary sinus floor elevation in association with functional endoscopic sinus surgery to remove rhino-sinusal malformations or pathoses that might contraindicate sinus floor elevation. Over a 2-year period, 10 patients requiring a sinus floor augmentation procedure to restore the missing dentition with endosseous implants, but presenting with local and reversible rhinologic contraindications to the augmentation procedure were consecutive...

Felisati, G.; Borloni, R.; Chiapasco, M.; Lozza, P.; Casentini, P.; Pipolo, C.

2010-01-01

157

Clinical Significance of Pathological and Anatomical Findings in Cone Beam CT Scans of the Maxillary Sinus  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: To determine the range and prevalence of pathological conditions and demonstration of significant anatomical structures in the maxillary sinuses using the cone beam computerized tomographic (CBCT scan. Methodology: Case series of 60 CBCT scans of the maxillae. Results: Forty (67% of the scans were of female patients while the rest (20, 33% were of males. Remarkably, the majority of the scans were requested for those patients who sought dental implant fabrication. Overall, 35 (58% scans demonstrated pathological features while 8 (13% demonstrated significant anatomical structures. Pathological features included mucosal thickening in 26 (43%, polypoid lesions in 9 (15%, total antral opacification in 1 (2% and foreign body in 1 (2%. The commonest anatomic feature was dental root protrusion into the maxillary sinuses in 8 (13%. Conclusion: The CBCT imaging is an important tool for investigating the maxillary sinuses for pathology and the demonstration of the associated anatomic relations.

Eunice Kihara

2014-06-01

158

Myxoid Type of Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Maxillary Sinus: A Case Report  

OpenAIRE

Introduction: Myxofibrosarcoma was originally described as the myxoid variant of Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma (MFH), a high-grade and aggressive sarcoma, which is very uncommon in the head and neck region, with about 100 cases reported up to now. MFH occurring in the maxillary sinus is so rare that only 23 cases have been reported. We hereby report a case of myxofibrosarcoma in the maxillary sinus. Case Report: The case was a 54-year-old male with symptoms of toothache in the right posterio...

Amir Hossein Jafarian; Abbas Ali Omidi; Mohammad Mehdi Ghasemi; Bahareh Joushan

2011-01-01

159

The ability of panoramic radiography in assessing maxillary sinus inflammatory diseases  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the relative diagnostic accuracy of panoramic radiography and Water's projection in maxillary sinus inflammatory diseases by comparing the radiodensities of the images with those of CT. Panoramic radiographs, Waters' projection, and CT images from 55 subjects (110 sinuses) were included in this retrospective study. The radiodensity of each maxillary sinus in panoramic radiography was recorded separately as upper and lower divided horizontally by hard palate. In Waters' projection, the overall sinus radiodensity was recorded. The CT images were considered as gold standard. In panoramic radiography, 83 sinuses had same upper and lower radiodensity and 72 of these were consistent with those of CT, 26 sinuses had different upper and lower radiodensity and 15 of these, upper radiodensity was consistent with CT, the remaining 11, lower radiodensity was consistent with CT. One sinus had upper radiolucency with lower radiopacity and both were consistent with those of CT. Altogether 73 (66.4%) among 110 sinuses in panoramic radiography showed full agreement with CT, 26 (23.6%) showed partial agreement with CT. 9 sinuses had no lower image under the hard palate in panoramic radiography due to the smaller size of sinus. In Waters' projection, the radiodensity of 105 sinuses (95.5%) were consistent with that of CT. The panoramic radiography showed 90.0% of the sinus conditions fully or partially which may appear less accurate than that of Water's view (95.5%) but withthan that of Water's view (95.5%) but with more detailed information of the inferior part of sinuses.

160

Preoperative roentgendiagnostic of the naso-maxillary sinuses and operative findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The preoperative roentgenmorphology of the nasomaxillary sinuses was compared with the intraoperative findings. The dates of 285 patientes were evaluated. For the maxillary sinus there was correspondency in 85.7%. There were no differences in the cases explored with tomography. For the ethmoidal sinus there was correspondency in 89.5% and for the frontal sinus in 82.7%. The importance of the preoperative roentgenexamination with the standard-exposure in occipitomental projection was less the demonstration of the inflammation than of other findings. The sphenoidal sinus was best explored by tomography. The standardprojection did not always allow the differentiation of cystes, polypes and mucoceles in dieseased sinuses. The tomography was superior to the standardprojection. In tumorpatients the accompanying inflammation could not be separated from tumorinfiltration with certainty. (orig.)

161

Spiral Computed Tomography Based Maxillary Sinus Imaging in Relation to Tooth Loss, Implant Placement and Potential Grafting Procedure  

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Full Text Available Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to explore the maxillary sinus anatomy, its variations and volume in patients with a need for maxillary implant placement.Materials and Methods: Maxillary sinus data of 101 consecutive patients who underwent spiral computed tomography (CT scans for preoperative implant planning in the maxilla at the Department of Periodontology, University Hospital, Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium were retrospectively evaluated. The alveolar bone height was measured on serial cross-sectional images between alveolar crest and sinus floor, parallel to the tooth axis. In order to describe the size of the maxillary sinus anteroposterior (AP and mediolateral (ML diameters of the sinus were measured.Results: The results indicated that the alveolar bone height was significantly higher in the premolar regions in comparison to the molar region (n = 46, P 4 mm mucosal thickening mostly at the level of the sinus floor. The present sample did not allow revealing any significant difference (P > 0.05 in maxillary sinus dimensions for partially dentate and edentulous subjects.Conclusions: Cross-sectional imaging can be used in order to obtain more accurate information on the morphology, variation, and the amount of maxillary bone adjacent to the maxillary sinus.

Reinhilde Jacobs

2010-01-01

162

Two cases with radiation-induced cancers after radiation therapy for cancer of the maxillary sinus  

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We experienced 2 patients with malignant non-epithelial tumors that developed following an incubation stage of 10 years or more after radiation therapy for cancer of the maxillary sinus. In Patient 1, the primary cancer was unclear, but it was speculated that this patient had been treated for cancer of the maxillary sinus. In patient 2, cancer of the maxillary sinus had been treated in our hospital. In patient 1, the secondary cancer was a malignant histiocytoma of the parapharyngeal space. In patient 2, the secondary cancer was a spindle cell sarcoma in the maxillary sinus. According to the classification of the probability of radiation-induced cancer after treatment for malignant tumors, the probability was evaluated as A in Patient 2, and B or higher in Patient 1. In the two patients, radiation-induced cancer was strongly suggested. For treatment, extended surgery was indicated, as a rule. In Patient 1, radical neck dissection was performed. In patient 2, tumorectomy was performed several times. Concerning the prognosis, Patient 1 is alive without cancer, but Patient 2 died of intracranial invasion by tumor. The invasion of the tumor and histological type may have influenced the prognosis. The incidence of radiation-induced cancer is considered to be 1% or less. However, radiation therapy-related late disorder must be considered. (author)

Watanabe, Naohiko; Okuno, Keiichirou; Sakuma, Takaaki; Noguchi, Kazuhiro; Zusho, Hiroyuki [Kanto Rosai Hospital, Kawasaki, Kanagawa (Japan); Matumoto, Manabu [Showa Univ., Tokyo (Japan). School of Medicine

2002-03-01

163

Unicystic ameloblastoma of the maxillary sinus: Pitfalls of diagnosis and management  

OpenAIRE

Background: Ameloblastoma is a common odontogenic tumor of the jaws that comprises 3 variants: conventional (solid), unicystic and peripheral ameloblastomas. Unicystic ameloblastoma (UA) in the maxillary sinus is very rare. With a secondary infection, the clinical features may lead to incorrect diagnosis and treatment.

Pitak-arnnop, P.; Chaine, A.; Dhanuthai, K.; Bertrand, J. C.; Bertolus, C.

2010-01-01

164

Decellularized Human Maxillary Sinus Schneiderian Membrane as a Potential Scaffold for Tissue Engineering  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Biological matrix has received special attention in recent medical and biological researches. Cells of tissue are supported by extracellular matrix (ECM. Extracellular matrix is used as a scaffold for morphogenesis, proliferation, migration, and differentiation in tissue engineering. Extracellular matrix of natural tissues can be used as a scaffold for reconstructing biological tissues in tissue engineering. Human maxillary sinus membrane consists of cells and ECM which contain collagen, elastin, and proteoglycans. Collagen can be used as a natural scaffold via high level of biocompatibility. Materials & Methods: In this study, Human maxillary sinus membrane were decellularized by two techniques , physical method (liquid nitrogen and chemical procedures via increment concentration of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS in three groups. The samples were fixed with Bouin's fixator, and then were stained with Hematoxylin & Eosin. decellularised Human maxillary sinus membrane was evaluated with scanning electrone microscope.Results: Histological evaluation of decellularized scaffolds revealed that cells of the schneiderian membrane tissues were completely removed via concentration of 1% of SDS. Scanning Electrone Microscope (SEM (Leo-VP1450, Germany of the scaffolds indicated that collagen fibers of connective tissue remained intact. In 0.5 and 0.1% concentrations of SDS, few cells were observed at peripheral of ECM, so decellularization process was not complete. Conclusion: According to the results, scaffolds prepared from Human Maxillary Sinus Membrane could be used as a suitable scaffold for In vitro investigation and reconstruction and tissue engineering.

Saeedeh KhajehAhmadi

2013-01-01

165

Two cases with radiation-induced cancers after radiation therapy for cancer of the maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We experienced 2 patients with malignant non-epithelial tumors that developed following an incubation stage of 10 years or more after radiation therapy for cancer of the maxillary sinus. In Patient 1, the primary cancer was unclear, but it was speculated that this patient had been treated for cancer of the maxillary sinus. In patient 2, cancer of the maxillary sinus had been treated in our hospital. In patient 1, the secondary cancer was a malignant histiocytoma of the parapharyngeal space. In patient 2, the secondary cancer was a spindle cell sarcoma in the maxillary sinus. According to the classification of the probability of radiation-induced cancer after treatment for malignant tumors, the probability was evaluated as A in Patient 2, and B or higher in Patient 1. In the two patients, radiation-induced cancer was strongly suggested. For treatment, extended surgery was indicated, as a rule. In Patient 1, radical neck dissection was performed. In patient 2, tumorectomy was performed several times. Concerning the prognosis, Patient 1 is alive without cancer, but Patient 2 died of intracranial invasion by tumor. The invasion of the tumor and histological type may have influenced the prognosis. The incidence of radiation-induced cancer is considered to be 1% or less. However, radiation therapy-related late disorder must be considered. (author)

166

Usefulness of Panoramic Radiography in the Detection of Maxillary Sinus Pathosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

to evaluate the usefulness of the panoramic radiography, generally used in dental clinic, for the detection of the maxillary sinus pathosis due to the inflammation and tumor, through the comparison with CT findings as the absolute standard. 150 maxillary sinuses of 75 patients with or without particular signs and symptoms and showing soft tissue lesions or destruction of maxillary sinus walls in at least one sinus in CT, were selected as subject samples, and the panoramic radiography of the same patients were interpretated by 3 dental radiologists and 3 non dental radiologist given no previous information. Using the CT findings as the absolute standard, the diagnostic ability of panoraimc radiography in the mucosal thickening, maxillary sinus haziness, inferior wall destruction, medial wall destruction, posterolateral wall destruction and the superior wall destruction was evaluated using the ROC curve and the difference between dental radiologist group and non dental radiologist group was also evaluated. 1. When dental radiologist group interpretated the destruction of inferior wall and posterolateral wall, the kappa value which shows interobserver's coincidence was above 0.75.2. The diagnostic ability according to site of interpretation was the highest when the inferior wall was interpretated in both observer groups and there was a statistically significant difference between the dental radiologist group and non dental radiologist group in interpretating the mucosal ogist group in interpretating the mucosal thickening, haziness, destruction of the inferior and medial wall (p<0.05).3. The diagnostic ability in detecting the destruction of the sinus walls was better than in soft tissue lesions in both groups and between the groups there was a statistically significant difference (p<0.05). When detecting the destruction of inferior and posterolateral wall of the maxillary sinus there was coincident with that of CT findings, and so it is considered that diagnostic ability of panoramic radiography is high in this point. But in interpretating the destruction of medial wall and soft tissue lesions, diagnostic ability of the panoramic radiography was relatively low and there was a significant difference between the dental radiologist group and non dental radiologist group. Therefore CT or other auxiliary diagnostic method will be necessary when evaluating thorough pathosis of maxillary sinus objectively.

167

Measurement of maxillary sinus volume and available alveolar bone height using computed tomography  

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To aid in determining the volume of graft bone required before a maxillary sinus lift procedure and compare the alveolar bone height measurements taken by panoramic radiographs to those by CT images. Data obtained by both panoramic radiographs and CT examination of 25 patients were used in this study. Maxillary sinus volumes from the antral floor to heights of 5 mm, 10 mm, 15 mm, and 20 mm , were calculated. Alveolar bone height was measured on the panoramic images at each maxillary tooth site and corrected by magnification rate (PBH). Available bone height (ABH) and full bone height (FBH) was measured on reconstructed CT images. PBH was compared with ABH and FBH at the maxillary incisors, canines, premolars, and molars. Volumes of the inferior portion of the sinuses were 0.55 {+-} 0.41 cm{sup 3} for 5 mm lifts, 2.11 {+-} 0.68 cm{sup 3} for 10 mm, 4.26 {+-} 1.32 cm{sup 3} for 15 mm, 6.95 {+-} 2.01 cm{sup 3} for 20 mm. For the alveolar bone measurement, measurements by panoramic images were longer than available bone heights determined by CT images at the incisor and canine areas, and shorter than full bone heights on CT images at incisor, premolar, and molar areas (p<0.001). In bone grafting of the maxillary sinus floor, 0,96 cm{sup 3} or more is required for a 5 mm - lift, 2.79 cm{sup 3} or more for a 10 mm - lift, 5.58 cm{sup 3} or more for a 15 mm - lift, and 8.96 cm{sup 3} or more for a 20 mm - lift. Maxillary implant length determined using panoramic radiograph alone could result in underestimation or overestimation, according to the site involved.

Lee, Jae Hak; Han, Won Jeong; Choi, Young Hi; Kim, Eun Kyung [Dankook University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2003-03-15

168

Clinical study on the observation of unilateral shadows in the maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the everyday examination of patients exhibiting a unilateral shadow in the maxillary sinus upon imaging, the differentiation of chronic sinusitis from other diseases, including malignant tumors, is extremely important. A unilateral shadow in the maxillary sinus was detected on scout films and a subsequent CT examination of the sinus was performed in 108 patients who visited our department between January 1994 and December 1998. Bone destruction was suspected after scout films were taken in 2 patients with malignant tumors. These 2 patients account for only a small percentage of the total patient population, but account for as much as 50% of the patients with malignant tumors. In cases of malignant tumors, the CT images suggesting bone destruction agreed with operative findings. CT seems to be a useful tool for evaluating the condition of the bone. When the density of scout films and CT images were compared, no significant difference was detected, suggesting that scout films can be used for the screening of malignant tumors. The density was (+++) in both the scout films and the CT images of the 2 patients with malignant tumors. Finally, we present a flow chart for the diagnosis of unilateral maxillary sinus shadows that has been recently adopted as the basic protocol used in our department. (author)

169

Clinical study on the observation of unilateral shadows in the maxillary sinus  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In the everyday examination of patients exhibiting a unilateral shadow in the maxillary sinus upon imaging, the differentiation of chronic sinusitis from other diseases, including malignant tumors, is extremely important. A unilateral shadow in the maxillary sinus was detected on scout films and a subsequent CT examination of the sinus was performed in 108 patients who visited our department between January 1994 and December 1998. Bone destruction was suspected after scout films were taken in 2 patients with malignant tumors. These 2 patients account for only a small percentage of the total patient population, but account for as much as 50% of the patients with malignant tumors. In cases of malignant tumors, the CT images suggesting bone destruction agreed with operative findings. CT seems to be a useful tool for evaluating the condition of the bone. When the density of scout films and CT images were compared, no significant difference was detected, suggesting that scout films can be used for the screening of malignant tumors. The density was (+++) in both the scout films and the CT images of the 2 patients with malignant tumors. Finally, we present a flow chart for the diagnosis of unilateral maxillary sinus shadows that has been recently adopted as the basic protocol used in our department. (author)

Hattori, Hirokazu; Sawada, Tatsuya; Hayano, Yoshiaki; Suzuki, Kenji; Yagisawa, Mikio; Nishimura, Tadao [Fujita Health Univ., Nagoya (Japan). Second Affiliated Hospital

2000-12-01

170

Features of inflammatory pseudotumor in the maxillary sinus on CT and MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To explore the features of inflammatory pseudotumor in the maxillary sinus on CT and MRI. Methods: The CT and MRI data of 8 patients with histology-proven inflammatory pseudotumor in the maxillary sinus were retrospectively analyzed. All 8 patients underwent CT scans and 7 of them also underwent MRI examinations. In addition, the time-intensity curve (TIC) of dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)MR imaging were analyzed in 3 patients. Results: Two cases had lesions in the left maxillary sinus, while the others showed lesions in the right maxillary sinus. All the lesions showed irregular shape with well-defined margins in 5 cases and hazy margins in 3 cases. The mean maximum diameter of the lesions was 51 mm (ranged from 29 mm to 72 mm). On non-enhanced CT, the lesions were isodense to gray matter in 6 and slightly hypodense in 2 patients. Only 2 patients had post-contrast CT with moderate enhancement of their lesions. The lesions caused adjacent bony absorption and destruction with residual bony sclerosis. On MR T1WI, inflammatory pseudotumor showed hypointense in 2 patients and isointense in and isointense in 1 patients. Inflammatory pseudotumor showed heterogeneously slight contrast enhancement in 2 cases and moderate enhancement in 5 cases. The TIC showed a steady enhancement pattern in 4, orbit in 4, and cheek in 3 cases. Six patients underwent follow-up for 2-5 years after surgery and 2 of them were found to have recurrence. In comparison to CT, Mto have recurrence. In comparison to CT, MRI was proved to show the extent of the lesions more clearly. Conclusions Bony destruction with sclerosis and hypointense signal on MR T2WI are typical manifestations of inflammatory pseudotumor in the maxillary sinus. Combined CT and MRI can provide clinicians with more comprehensive information for the diagnosis, therapy, and follow-up of these lesions. (authors)

171

The incidence and morphology of maxillary sinus septa in dentate and edentulous maxillae: a cadaveric study with a brief review of the literature  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives The aim of this study is to determine the incidence, location, and orientation of maxillary sinus septa in formalin embalmed cadavers. Materials and Methods The study was conducted on 210 cadaveric heads available in our department. After taking the mid-sagittal section the specimens were opened from the medial aspect and the sinus cavity was explored for the presence of maxillary sinus septa, their anatomical plane, location and dimensions. Results The mean linear distance between maxillary sinus floor and its anatomical ostium was 26.76±5.21 mm and 26.91±4.96 mm on right and left side, respectively. A total of 59 maxillary sinus septa (28.1%) were observed in 210 maxillary specimens. Septae were most common, 33 septa (55.9%), in the middle region (between first and second molar tooth) of the sinus cavity. The maxillary sinus membrane (Schneiderian membrane) adhered tightly to the maxillary sinus and over the septae. Significantly more maxillary sinus septa were observed in edentulous maxillae in comparison to the dentate upper jaw. Conclusion Knowledge of location of maxillary sinus ostium is mandatory for the rhinologist for drainage of secretions in maxillary sinusitis. The morphological details of maxillary sinus septa, particularly their location and anatomical planes, will guide dentists in performance of safe implant surgeries. The maxillary antrum septa of category I and II may complicate the procedure of inversion of bone plate and elevation of sinus membrane during maxillary augmentation surgeries. The category III septa observed in the sagittal plane were embedded by one of the branches of the infraorbital nerve in it, and if accidentally cut will lead to infraorbital nerve palsy in maxillary sinus surgeries. PMID:25741466

Wabale, Rajendra Namdeo; Siddiqui, Abu Ubaida; Farooqui, Mujjebuddeen Samsudeen

2015-01-01

172

Distinguishing the dominant species of pathogen in maxillary sinusitis by sequencing DNA dataset analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study determined the microbial composition in maxillary sinusitis and determined the predominant fungal and bacterial species. Samples were obtained from 11 patients with fungal sinusitis and 2 healthy patients. The 13 samples were sequenced using an Illumina Hi-Seq 2000, and mapping to the human, bacterial, and the fungal genomes were based on several steps. Bioinformatics and statistical analyses were then performed for bacterial and fungal expressions in the samples. All samples were cultures for fungal growth. The sequencing data revealed that Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus oryzae were the dominant fungal strains in the rhinosinusitis samples, and Bacillus cereus and Bacillus thuringiensis were the dominant bacterial strains. Indeed, the fungi and bacteria were associated with the development of fungal rhinosinusitis. Furthermore, B. cereus and B. thuringiensis may cooperate with Pseudomonas aeruginosa to inhibit the growth of fungal mycelia. Knowledge of the microbial composition can provide a diagnostic reference for patients with maxillary sinusitis. PMID:25724392

Zhang, Junyi; Li, Yunchuan; Lu, Xinxin; Wang, Xiangdong; Zang, Hongrui; Wang, Tong; Zhou, Bing; Zhang, Luo

2015-05-01

173

Mucocele del seno maxilar post-traumático / Post-traumatic mucocele of the maxillary sinus  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los mucoceles de los senos paranasales son lesiones benignas pero con un considerable potencial destructivo por la reabsorción ósea que pueden generar. La localización en el seno maxilar es muy poco frecuente así como el origen postraumático. Presentamos el caso de un mucocele de seno maxilar tras 2 [...] 8 años después de un traumatismo facial. Analizamos la etiopatogenia, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de este tipo de lesiones. Abstract in english Mucoceles of the paranasal sinuses are benign lesions but they can be destructive because they cause bone resorption. The location in a maxillary sinus and a traumatic origin are uncommon. We report a case of mucocele of the maxillary sinus 28 years after facial trauma. We analyzed the etiopathogene [...] sis, diagnosis, and treatment of this type of lesions.

E., Charro-Huerga; J., Ferreras Granado; I., Vázquez Mahía; J.L., López-Cedrún.

2009-02-01

174

Mucocele del seno maxilar post-traumático Post-traumatic mucocele of the maxillary sinus  

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Full Text Available Los mucoceles de los senos paranasales son lesiones benignas pero con un considerable potencial destructivo por la reabsorción ósea que pueden generar. La localización en el seno maxilar es muy poco frecuente así como el origen postraumático. Presentamos el caso de un mucocele de seno maxilar tras 28 años después de un traumatismo facial. Analizamos la etiopatogenia, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de este tipo de lesiones.Mucoceles of the paranasal sinuses are benign lesions but they can be destructive because they cause bone resorption. The location in a maxillary sinus and a traumatic origin are uncommon. We report a case of mucocele of the maxillary sinus 28 years after facial trauma. We analyzed the etiopathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of this type of lesions.

E. Charro-Huerga

2009-02-01

175

Reappraisal of trimodal combination therapy for maxillary sinus carcinoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The introduction of trimodal combination therapy (surgery + radiation + intraarterial infusion) for maxillary carcinoma resulted in a change in the sites of recurrence and no satisfactory improvement in the local control rate. To examine the cause of these phenomena, external carotid angiography was performed on 51 patients prior to the start of the therapy and the results of the treatment were studied. Angiographic findings indicated that maxillary carcinoma is fed not only by the maxillary artery, but also by the internal carotid, facial, transverse facial and other arteries from the external carotid artery. The multiplicity of feeders causes irregular distribution of the intraarterially infused antimetabolites. Irregular and local low distribution of antimetabolites may well bring about the high rate of recurrence. The results of intraarterial transcatheter Tc-99m-MAA injection were also in accord with the angiographic findings

176

Clinical study of paranasal sinus carcinoma except for maxillary sinus carcinoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We reviewed the clinical characteristics of 20 patients with ethmoid sinus carcinoma, 3 patients with frontal sinus carcinoma and 6 patients with sphenoid sinus carcinoma who received treatment at the Kurume University Hospital between 1984 and 2009. Ages of the patients ranged from 35 to 82 years old (average: 62). Six of 10 ethmoid sinus carcinoma patients who were treated by combined treatment with surgery were alive. Two of 10 ethmoid sinus carcinoma patients without surgery were alive. All patients with frontal sinus carcinoma who received combined treatment with anterior skull base surgery were alive with local control. Patients with sphenoid sinus carcinoma were treated by chemoradiotherapy and 4 patients were alive. The results of this clinical study indicate that combined therapy including skull base surgery is effective for ethmoid sinus and frontal sinus carcinomas. In contrast, chemoradiotherapy is favorable for sphenoid sinus carcinomas. (author)

177

Benign osteoblastoma of maxillary sinus: A rare presentation  

OpenAIRE

Benign osteoblastoma of paranasal sinuses is a rare tumor of the 2nd decade of life with only few cases reported till date. It arises most commonly from the ethmoid sinus and present as an intra-nasal mass leading to broadening of the nasal bridge. Here we present a case of benign osteoblastoma in a 8 year old girl presenting with a large intranasal mass seen through nostril and leading to facial deformity.

Jaswal, Abhishek; Jana, Avik Kumar; Sikder, Biswajit; Jana, Utpal; Nandi, Tapan Kumar

2007-01-01

178

An assessment of maxillary sinus and alveolar bone in cross-sectional linear tomogram of panorama  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the precision of measurements taken of dental implants in bucco-lingually sectioned views of the maxilla by linear tomograms of the panorama and to assess the visibility of the inferior wall of the maxillary sinus. Eighty sites prepared with implants of gutta percha cone in the sockets of the upper premolars and molars of 10 dry skulls were radiographically examined using linear tomograms of panorama, and scanned coronally and axially by computed tomography. The differences in mm between the measurements in bucco-lingually sectioned images of maxillary alveolar bone and the true length and width of the implanted gutta percha cones were compared as mean values (mean) and standard deviation (SD) for each radiographic technique. Linear tomography of panorama was compared with computed tomography for visualization of the relationship between the inferior wall of maxillary sinus and the end of each implant. The deviations between the actual implant length and the measured values taken from the linear tomograms (0.44 ± 0.39 mm) was significantly less than the measured values from the multiplanar reconstructed images of the axially scanned computed tomogram (1.21 ± 0.90 mm). There was statistically significant difference (p<0.05) between two techniques in the differences between the measurements and true implant length. The relationship of the inferior border of maxillary sinus with end of implant was worse identified with the linear tomogram of panorama (68%) h the linear tomogram of panorama (68%) than the multiplanar reconstructed image of axially scanned computed tomogram (99%). We could not find any differences in the accuracy of length measurement between the linear tomogram of panorama and computed tomogram, but computed tomogram allowed for a better visualization of the inferior wall of the maxillary sinus than the linear tomogram.

179

Occurrence of maxillary sinus abnormalities detected by cone beam CT in asymptomatic patients  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Although cone beam computed tomography (CBCT images of the maxillofacial region allow the inspection of the entire volume of the maxillary sinus (MS, identifying anatomic variations and abnormalities in the image volume, this is frequently neglected by oral radiologists when interpreting images of areas at a distance from the dentoalveolar region, such as the full anatomical aspect of the MS. The aim of this study was to investigate maxillary sinus abnormalities in asymptomatic patients by using CBCT. Methods 1113 CBCT were evaluated by two examiners and identification of abnormalities, the presence of periapical lesions and proximity to the lower sinus wall were recorded. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, chi-square tests and Kappa statistics. Results Abnormalities were diagnosed in 68.2% of cases (kappa = 0.83. There was a significant difference between genders (p Conclusions Abnormalities in maxillary sinus emphasizes how important it is for the dentomaxillofacial radiologist to undertake an interpretation of the whole volume of CBCT images.

Rege Inara Carneiro

2012-08-01

180

External beam irradiation for squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Maxillary sinus cancers are usually locally advanced, and involve the structures around sinus, but the regional lymphatic spread is uncommon. Therefore, the local control of these cancers is important for their cure. We reviewed our experience of 55 patients with squamous cell carcinomas of the maxillary sinus, treated with radiation therapy, and looked for the role of radiation therapy in maxillary sinus cancers. Between November 1982 and October 1999, 55 patients with squamous cell carcinomas of the maxillary sinus underwent either radiation therapy only, or combined with surgery or with concurrent chemoradiation therapy. All patients were restaged according to the 1997 AJCC staging systems. The T classifications of the tumors of the parents were as follows: 1.8% (1/55) for T2, 81.8% (45/55) for T3 and 16.4% (9/55) for 14. Thirteen patients were diagnosed with lymph node involvement. With the surgical procedures, 12 patients were managed by biopsy only, 21 were resected by FESS (functional endoscopic sinus surgery) and 22 by partial/medial/total maxillectomies. The details of the treatments were as follows: 8 patients were treated with radiation therapy only, 17 with a combination of FESS and radiation therapy, 22 with a combination of a maxillectomy and radiation therapy, 4 with a combination of preoperative radiation therapy and surgery, and 4 with concurrent chemoradiation therapy. The mean follow-up for all patients was 25 months, ranging from 2.8 to 125 months.25 months, ranging from 2.8 to 125 months. The 4-year local control and survival rates for all patients were 45.5 and 33.3%, respectively. The 4-year local control and survival rates, due to the extent of surgery, were as follows: 32.1, and 21.4 % for biopsy; 41.9, and 31.7% for FESS; and 56.8, and 52.7% for maxillectomy, respectively. Twenty-nine (52.7%) patients were not cured, and of these 29 patients, 23 (79.3%) patients had a local recurrence following treatment. This study has shown that the major failure sites following treatment to be the local regions, and that the completeness of surgery was important for improving the local control and survival of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus

181

Immediate reconstruction of the maxillary sinus after resection of preoperatively misdiagnosed unicystic ameloblastoma with an ectopic third molar.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a case of unicystic ameloblastoma associated with an ectopic third molar in the right maxillary sinus, which was misdiagnosed as a dentigerous cyst on preoperative small incisional biopsy. Surgical enucleation of the cystic lesion was performed under general anesthesia with immediate reconstruction of the maxillary sinus using titanium mesh plate. The patient's postoperative recovery was uneventful, and there was no evidence of tumor recurrence during the 7-month follow-up period. PMID:25569416

Kang, Shin Hyuk; Bae, Tae Hui; Kim, Han Koo; Kim, Woo Seob; Kim, Mi Kyung

2015-01-01

182

A comparison of Scanora radiography with Waters' and panoramic views for the detection of mucosal thickening of maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance of Waters' and panoramic view; maxillary sinus posteroanterior and lateral scanography of Scanora for mucosal thickening of maxillary sinus as well as to identify the utility of Scanora for the detection of maxillary sinus disease. The assessment was done at 66 maxillary sinuses in 45 patients and the results were as follows: 1. Estimation of presence or absence of mucosal thickening. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive value of maxillary sinus posteroanterior and lateral scanography were 0.865, 0.860, 0.921, and 0.805 respectively and slightly higher than those of Waters' and panoramic views, which were 0.832, 0.835, 0.903, and 0.728 respectively. However, paired t-test showed no significant differences in the diagnostic performance of the two pairs of imaging modalities. 2. Estimation of the types of mucosal thickening. The diagnostic accuracy for type I, II, III was 75.3% on Waters' and panoramic view; 77.9% on maxillary sinus posteroanterior and lateral scanography. It was higher on the latter, but showed no significant differences from that on the former. 3. Reliability of interpretation. In intraobserver and interobserver agreement, both overall rates of agreement and kappa-value were slightly higher on maxillary sinus posteroanterior and lateral scanography than on Waters' and panoramic views. There was no significant differences between the two pairs of imaging merences between the two pairs of imaging modalities. These results suggested that scanogram is a useful diagnostic radiography as well as Waters' and panoramic view for detection of maxillary sinusitis.

183

Radiographic evaluations of the various lesions of maxillary sinus, inferior wall of sinus and surrounding structures using reformatted computed tomography  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To evaluate the degree of accuracy of DentaScan reformatted images of the maxillary sinus and periapical, periodontal lesions and to clarify the usefulness of the reconstructed 3-dimensional images to the dental clinical aspects. 33 sides of maxillae of the hemi-sectioned Korean heads were used in this study. Periapical radiographs, computed tomography and DentaScan reformatted cross-sectional images were taken for the radiographic evaluation of the peiapical and peiodontal lesions of the maxillary teeth and inferior wall of maxillary sinus. Compared the degree of accuracy and findings of dental and periapical pathoses on the intraoral radiographs and DentaScan reformatted images with the cross-sectioned specimens, the DentaScan reformatted cross-sectional images were more accurate and more effective than the intraoral radiography with a viewpoint of the detection of dental and periapical pathoses. Comparing the lesions of specimens with intraoral radiographies and DentaScan reformatted images, the dental and periodontal pathoses and topographical structures were more clearly observed in the DentaScan reformatted images, providing the possibility of more applications of reformatted images to clinical dentistry.

Yoon, Hae Rym; Kim Hee Jin; Kim, Kee Deog; Park, Chang Seo [Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2002-03-15

184

Radiographic evaluations of the various lesions of maxillary sinus, inferior wall of sinus and surrounding structures using reformatted computed tomography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the degree of accuracy of DentaScan reformatted images of the maxillary sinus and periapical, periodontal lesions and to clarify the usefulness of the reconstructed 3-dimensional images to the dental clinical aspects. 33 sides of maxillae of the hemi-sectioned Korean heads were used in this study. Periapical radiographs, computed tomography and DentaScan reformatted cross-sectional images were taken for the radiographic evaluation of the peiapical and peiodontal lesions of the maxillary teeth and inferior wall of maxillary sinus. Compared the degree of accuracy and findings of dental and periapical pathoses on the intraoral radiographs and DentaScan reformatted images with the cross-sectioned specimens, the DentaScan reformatted cross-sectional images were more accurate and more effective than the intraoral radiography with a viewpoint of the detection of dental and periapical pathoses. Comparing the lesions of specimens with intraoral radiographies and DentaScan reformatted images, the dental and periodontal pathoses and topographical structures were more clearly observed in the DentaScan reformatted images, providing the possibility of more applications of reformatted images to clinical dentistry.

185

Radiologic evaluation of an unusually sized complex odontoma involving the maxillary sinus by cone beam computed tomography.  

Science.gov (United States)

As a group, odontomas are the most common odontogenic neoplasms. This case report illustrates the benefits of cone beam computed tomography, in terms of treatment planning and surgical technique, to localize a large maxillary odontoma and accurately establish its relationship with the maxillary sinus and molar. PMID:19626225

Isler, Sabri Cemil; Demircan, Sabit; Soluk, Merva; Cebi, Zerrin

2009-01-01

186

Combined therapy in carcinoma of the maxillary sinus and the larynx  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The current combined therapies in carcinoma of the maxillary sinus as well as carcinoma of the larynx were reported. The combined therapy in carcinoma of the maxillary sinus consists of 1) of reduction operation succeeded by daily cleaning of the residual tumor, 2) six external irradiation (1200 rads) and 3) five intra-arterial infusions of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and broxuridine (BUdR) (1.25 g and 2.5 g each). All cases of carcinoma of the larynx are treated initially by radical course of telecobalt therapy. Only when local recurrence of primary on neck nodes become evident, radiotherapy is followed by surgery, either radical or conservative. In this paper, several problems concerning these combined therapy were discussed. (author)

187

Sinusitis maxilar iatrogénica tras la colocación de implantes: A propósito de un caso / Iatrogenic maxillary sinusitis related to implant placement: A case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available La perforación del suelo del seno maxilar y de las fosas nasales durante la colocación de implantes en las crestas alveolares situadas por debajo no es un hecho infrecuente. Pequeñas comunicaciones producidas durante el fresado para la preparación del lecho implantario cierran espontáneamente, pero [...] es un requisito indispensable para evitar futuras complicaciones que el implante quede estable, si no deberá ser retirado. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 54 años de edad que acude refiriendo cacosmia y halitosis permanentes y episodios esporádicos de dolor en la zona infraorbitaria derecha asociados a rinorrea purulenta, que no ceden a la administración de distintos antibióticos. Las pruebas radiológicas muestran tres implantes dentales en el primer cuadrante sustituyendo a 1.2, 1.3 y 1.6: el primero perforando la fosa nasal, y el tercero con el extremo apical en el interior del seno maxilar derecho con una imagen radioopaca bien delimitada asociada. Confirmada la existencia de una comunicación bucosinusal de más de dos años de evolución, y establecida esta como la causa del cuadro de sinusitis maxilar crónica que la paciente padece, se determina como plan de tratamiento la extracción de los tres implantes y la reconstrucción del plano óseo mediante un injerto de hueso autólogo de mentón. Al retirar el implante en posición 1.6 se observa material de aspecto resinoso adherido a toda su superficie, con fines probablemente retentivos, y que habrá contribuido en gran medida a incrementar el proceso irritativo local. El defecto remanente es tan importante en este sector que se hace imposible anclar un injerto óseo en este área, por lo que se legra la mucosa sinusal enferma a su través, enviando muestra para su posterior análisis anatomopatológico, y se consigue el cierre primario mediante un injerto pediculado de la bola adiposa de Bichat. Los controles postoperatorios fueron favorables consiguiendo de esta forma la remisión total de la sintomatología y la recuperación completa. Abstract in english Perforation of the floor of the maxillary sinus or nasal cavity during implant placement in the residual bone located below is not an infrequent situation. It's been strongly reported that slight membrane puncture while preparing implant bed does not play a significant role in clinical outcome, as i [...] t heals spontaneously, but it is an essential requirement that the implant remains intraoperatory stable. We present the case of a 54 yr. old woman that consulted in our office referring permanent cacosmia and halitosis associated to sporadic episodes of pain and purulent rhinorrhea, that didn't ease to the administration of several different antibiotics. Radiological findings show three dental implants in the first quadrant replacing teeth 1.2, 1.3 and 1.6: first one piercing the nostril and the third one with its apical end completely into the right maxillary sinus with a delimitated radiopaque mass associated. Once confirmed the existency of an oroantral fistula and its involvement in the two-year evolution chronic sinusitis diagnosed, the treatment established included the extraction of the three implants and the simultaneous osseous reconstruction with an autologous bone chin graft. After the removal of implant 1.6, a composite resin-like material is found stuck to its surface with supposedly retentive purposes, contributing in this way in a very strong way to increase irritation. Remanent defect is so important that makes impossible bone grafting in this area, so we proceed to curette harmed sinusal mucosa, sending a sample for histological evaluation, and close with a Bichat fat pad pedicled flap. Postoperatory follow-up and evolution was favourable, achieving total remission of sympthomatology and complete recovery.

M., Bragado Novel; L., Berini Aytés; C., Gay Escoda.

2010-12-01

188

Sinusitis maxilar iatrogénica tras la colocación de implantes: A propósito de un caso Iatrogenic maxillary sinusitis related to implant placement: A case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La perforación del suelo del seno maxilar y de las fosas nasales durante la colocación de implantes en las crestas alveolares situadas por debajo no es un hecho infrecuente. Pequeñas comunicaciones producidas durante el fresado para la preparación del lecho implantario cierran espontáneamente, pero es un requisito indispensable para evitar futuras complicaciones que el implante quede estable, si no deberá ser retirado. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 54 años de edad que acude refiriendo cacosmia y halitosis permanentes y episodios esporádicos de dolor en la zona infraorbitaria derecha asociados a rinorrea purulenta, que no ceden a la administración de distintos antibióticos. Las pruebas radiológicas muestran tres implantes dentales en el primer cuadrante sustituyendo a 1.2, 1.3 y 1.6: el primero perforando la fosa nasal, y el tercero con el extremo apical en el interior del seno maxilar derecho con una imagen radioopaca bien delimitada asociada. Confirmada la existencia de una comunicación bucosinusal de más de dos años de evolución, y establecida esta como la causa del cuadro de sinusitis maxilar crónica que la paciente padece, se determina como plan de tratamiento la extracción de los tres implantes y la reconstrucción del plano óseo mediante un injerto de hueso autólogo de mentón. Al retirar el implante en posición 1.6 se observa material de aspecto resinoso adherido a toda su superficie, con fines probablemente retentivos, y que habrá contribuido en gran medida a incrementar el proceso irritativo local. El defecto remanente es tan importante en este sector que se hace imposible anclar un injerto óseo en este área, por lo que se legra la mucosa sinusal enferma a su través, enviando muestra para su posterior análisis anatomopatológico, y se consigue el cierre primario mediante un injerto pediculado de la bola adiposa de Bichat. Los controles postoperatorios fueron favorables consiguiendo de esta forma la remisión total de la sintomatología y la recuperación completa.Perforation of the floor of the maxillary sinus or nasal cavity during implant placement in the residual bone located below is not an infrequent situation. It's been strongly reported that slight membrane puncture while preparing implant bed does not play a significant role in clinical outcome, as it heals spontaneously, but it is an essential requirement that the implant remains intraoperatory stable. We present the case of a 54 yr. old woman that consulted in our office referring permanent cacosmia and halitosis associated to sporadic episodes of pain and purulent rhinorrhea, that didn't ease to the administration of several different antibiotics. Radiological findings show three dental implants in the first quadrant replacing teeth 1.2, 1.3 and 1.6: first one piercing the nostril and the third one with its apical end completely into the right maxillary sinus with a delimitated radiopaque mass associated. Once confirmed the existency of an oroantral fistula and its involvement in the two-year evolution chronic sinusitis diagnosed, the treatment established included the extraction of the three implants and the simultaneous osseous reconstruction with an autologous bone chin graft. After the removal of implant 1.6, a composite resin-like material is found stuck to its surface with supposedly retentive purposes, contributing in this way in a very strong way to increase irritation. Remanent defect is so important that makes impossible bone grafting in this area, so we proceed to curette harmed sinusal mucosa, sending a sample for histological evaluation, and close with a Bichat fat pad pedicled flap. Postoperatory follow-up and evolution was favourable, achieving total remission of sympthomatology and complete recovery.

M. Bragado Novel

2010-12-01

189

A case in optimization of intracavitary irradiation of maxillary sinus cancer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In our hospital, intracavitary irradiation with the high dose-rate remotely controlled afterloading system is utilized to treat the local recurrence of maxillary sinus cancer after external irradiation. Now, we employ CT views and a unit of personal computer to reproduce applicators set up to the same point in patient at each time and to decide source positions and irradiation time and the results was improved. (author)

190

Long-term results of treatment in patients with malignant tumors of maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

92 patients with locally advanced (95% T3 and T4) neoplasms of maxillary sinus were treated with irradiation alone or irradiation combined with surgery between 1972 and 1992. 36 patients received radical therapy (>=60 Gy) and 56 were treated with palliative intent. A 5-year survival for the entire group was 22% and for those irradiated with radical dose 30%. Treatment failure was local in 81%, distant and local in 11% and distant only in 8%. (author)

191

Clinical Significance of Pathological and Anatomical Findings in Cone Beam CT Scans of the Maxillary Sinus  

OpenAIRE

Objective: To determine the range and prevalence of pathological conditions and demonstration of significant anatomical structures in the maxillary sinuses using the cone beam computerized tomographic (CBCT) scan. Methodology: Case series of 60 CBCT scans of the maxillae. Results: Forty (67%) of the scans were of female patients while the rest (20, 33%) were of males. Remarkably, the majority of the scans were requested for those patients who sought dental implant fabrication. Overall, 35 (58...

Eunice Kihara; Mark Chindia; Tom Ocholla; Mohamed Parker

2014-01-01

192

Mucoceles in post-operative maxillary sinuses: CT and MR findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study describes the CT and MR findings of mucoceles occurred in the post-operative maxillary sinuses. CT and/or MR of 19 maxillary mucoceles in 16 patients who had been operated by Caldwell-Luc procedure were reviewed. CT scans were performed after contrast enhancement in axial and coronal planes with 5mm thickness. Three cases were studied with a 2.0 T or 0.5 T MRI, which demonstrated multi-compartment lesions. The lesions were bilateral in 3 cases. Compartmentalization of the antral cavity was seen in 7 out of 19 involved sinuses. Surgical bone defect of the anterior wall was the most frequent route of extension (11 cases) and extension into the infratemporal fossa with erosion of posterolateral wall was seen in 7 lesions. In 6 cases, the lesion involved orbit. The expansile and erosive bone changes were localized in every case. In one case with multi-compartment lesion, both T1-and T2-weighted MR images showed different signal intensities in each compartment which represented different protein concentration. Post-operative maxillary mucocele showed CT findings of localized erosion and bulging most frequently at the anterior wall in which the bone windows were made during he previous surgery. Post-operative compartmentalization of maxillary antrum may cause eccentric expansion of mucocele and each compartment may show different signal intensities on MR

193

Application of CT in diagnosing carcinoma of the maxillary sinuses, 2  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A phantom simulating the transverse section of the maxillary sinuses was constructed for experimentation with various CT scanners to study the following: (1) the occasional inability to image the very thin posterior-lateral walls which have no real bone defects, and (2) to verify whether or not the bony walls surrounding the maxillary sinuses are actually as thick as they appear on CT. The phantom was made of an acrylic cylinder containing three cavities simulating the maxillary sinuses and the nasal cavity and filled with water. The walls, made of thin aluminum and acrylic plates and placed between water and air, disappeared in some CT images. The thickness of the walls calculated from CT values was greater than the true thickness imaged by each CT scanner. The author stresses that in CT images, either experimentally or clinically, thin bony walls placed between water and air or fat tend to disappear, and that bony walls tend to appear thicker than their true thickness. (author)

194

Combined therapy for maxillary sinus carcinoma. The effect of prolonged treatment time on local control  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The effect of overall treatment time on the local control of maxillary sinus carcinoma was investigated. Thirty-four patients who had been treated with radiotherapy, chemotherapy and surgery from 1985 through 1996 at Hirosaki University Hospital were reviewed. Radiotherapy had been interrupted because of acute mucosal reaction or national holidays in 31 patients. The Kaplan-Meier 5-year local control (LC) rates for T2, T3, and T4 tumors and for all cases were 100%, 71.4% 58.0%, and 62.6%, respectively. Gap duration in radiotherapy (<14 days vs. ?14 days) was a significant factor in LC (80.9% vs. 41.3%, P=0.02). Overall combined treatment time (<75 days vs. ? 75 days) was a marginally significant factor in LC (72.8% vs. 49.3%, p=0.08). However, the radiation-to-surgery interval (<26 days vs. ?26 days) did not affect LC (67.2% vs. 56.9%, P=0.52). Gap duration in radiotherapy of longer than 2 weeks is a significant factor in the poor LC of maxillary sinus carcinoma in patients receiving combined therapy. Our clinical data indicate that radiotherapy for maxillary sinus carcinoma should not be interrupted for more than 2 weeks. (author)

195

Preoperative chemotherapy and radiation therapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study was undertaken to assess the prognostic factors for the management of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the maxillary sinus, who received preoperative chemotherapy and radiation therapy (RT). We also elucidated the appropriate sequence of chemotherapy. A total of 124 patients (median age 62 years) with SCC of the maxillary sinus were analysed retrospectively. T3 or T4 disease was found in 93% of the patients. Thirty-nine patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NA), 38 patients received concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) and 47 patients received NA followed by CRT. The median dose of RT was 60 Gy. Maxillectomy was undertaken in 98 patients. The 5 year overall survival (OAS) and local control probability (LCP) were 56.6 and 73.7%, respectively. On univariate analysis, surgery (P<0.0001) and T classification (P<0.04) were significant prognostic factors for OAS and LCP. Histological grade and nodal status were also related to OAS. However, any chemotherapy sequence was not associated with the treatment outcome. On multivariate analysis, surgery (P<0.0005) and T classification (P<0.05) were identified as significant prognostic factors for LCP and OAS. This study suggests that both surgery and T stage are important prognostic factors for LCP and OAS in the management of SCC of the maxillary sinus. The appropriate sequence of chemotherapy remains to be elucidated in the future study. (author)

196

Maxillary sinus elevation for implant placement using calcium sulfate with and without DFDBA: six cases.  

Science.gov (United States)

Maxillary sinus lift is a surgical procedure performed to increase the volume of bone mass so that dental implants can be placed in the maxillary arch. Several materials have been suggested to be used for this procedure. The purpose of this study was to present the clinical and histologic results of using calcium sulfate with and without demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA) in sinus lift. Medical-grade sterile calcium sulfate was used alone or in combination with DFDBA in 6 patients undergoing sinus lift surgery for implant placement. Bone biopsies were taken at different times ranging from 6 to 24 months. All samples examined showed bone growth with some possible remnants of the grafted DFDBA. Implants were inserted either at the time of the lift or 6 months later. All of them were secure with primary stability. The cases reported indicate that calcium sulfate can be successfully used alone or in combination with DFDBA for sinus lift procedures and that possible residues of DFDBA can be found within newly generated bone. (Implant Dent 2004;13:270-277) PMID:15359165

Andreana, Sebastiano; Cornelini, Roberto; Edsberg, Laura E; Natiella, Joseph R

2004-09-01

197

The Study of the Malignant Tumors of the Maxillary Sinus by Computed Tomography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

CT findings of proven 25 malignant tumors of the maxillary sinus were retrospectively analyzed to be of help in the diagnosis and treatment. The results were as follow: 1. Average age was 54 years old, and eighteen were males and seven were females with a ratio of 2.6:1. 2. The most common histopathologic feature was squamous cell carcinoma (19 cases) and others were two cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma, one case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma, mucoepidermoid tumor, histiocytic lymphoma, unidentified malignant tumor. 3. CT findings were sinus opacification (4%), soft tissue mass (92%), low densities within soft tissue mass (44%), air densities within soft tissue mass (24%), osteosclerosis (4%), bone destruction (92%), bone displacement (32%), fat plane obliteration(76%). 4. CT in the malignant maxillary sinus tumors approved the value in evaluation of tumor extension to nasal cavity, ethmoid sinus, orbit, infratemporal fossa, pterygopalatine fossa, pterygoid fossa, pterygoid muscle, cheek skin and intracranial cavity. 5. Twenty four cases (96%) were stage III, stage IV according to AJCC TNM classification. 6. Bone findings were destruction, displacement, sclerosis and most frequent site of bone destruction was the medial wall of the antrum (92%). 7. Tumor growth pattern showed destructive pattern in 18 cases (72%), and squamous cell carcinoma showed destructive pattern. (p<0.05).

198

Diagnostic value of plain radiographs in chronic maxillary sinusitis: a comparison between radiological and endoscopic findings in 75 patients.  

Science.gov (United States)

Preoperative radiologic and intraoperative endoscopic findings of maxillary and ethmoid sinuses were compared in 75 adult patients, in whom 135 chronically inflamed maxillary sinuses were operated using functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). At sinoscopy, secretion was found in 91% (41/45) of the radiologically opacified antra and in 47% (31/65) of the antra with moderate or marked mucosal swelling in plain radiographs. Antral fluid level in radiographs was a relatively rare (23%) finding and showed secretion as reliably as opacification. Radiographic detection of secretion in maxillary sinuses with mucosal thickening is difficult. There was a fair correlation in both antral and ethmoidal mucosal changes with the mucosal findings in antroscopy and endoscopic ethmoid surgery. PMID:1448678

Laranne, J E; Penttilä, M A; Paakkala, T A; Pukander, J S; Karma, P H

1992-09-01

199

[Comparison of B-mode ultrasonography and computed tomography in the evaluation of maxillary sinusitis in pediatric patients].  

Science.gov (United States)

The use of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis in pediatric patients has been reported recently because of the improvement of the accuracy of ultrasound technology. We thus compared B-mode ultrasonography and computed tomography in the diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis in pediatric patients. Thirty-six maxillary sinuses in 18 patients (10 females, 8 males, ages ranging from 7-15 years with an average age of 10.4 years) were examined. Ultrasonography of the maxillary sinus was performed in the horizontal and the vertical direction. Paranasal computed tomography and B-mode ultrasonography were performed within a few days. In some of these patients the maxillary sinuses were examined with a fiberscope. Sensitivity, specificity, false-positive, false-negative, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of B-mode ultrasonography compared with computed tomography were 92.6%, 100%, 0%, 7.4%, 100% and 81.8%, respectively. It appeared that ultrasonography was more sensitive than X-ray imaging, because the sensitivity and specificity of X-ray imaging of the maxillary sinus in pediatric patients compared with CT was reportedly 70-80%. A meaningful correlation of ultrasonography and CT was accepted as an assessment of desease severity. There are some problems with diagnosis by ultrasonography. There is no differentiation of mucosal thicking, cyst and discharge and imaging are less useful in pediatric patients. Because of these reasons, clinical sign and views in the nose are important for a correct diagnosis in pediatric patients. Furthermore, the most suitable age range to diagnose maxillary sinusitis correctly in pediatric patients must be examined. PMID:24601097

Mori, Aya; Nakayama, Tsuguhisa; Tsukidate, Toshiharu; Hirabayashi, Hideki; Haruna, Shinichi

2014-01-01

200

Expresión de óxido nítrico sintetasa en mucosa sinusal de pacientes portadores de sinusitis crónica versus controles / Expression of nitric oxide synthase in sinus mucosa of chronic sinusitis patients vs controls  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: El óxido nítrico producido en las cavidades paranasales juega un importante rol en la fisiología nasal ya que aumenta la frecuencia del batido ciliar, optimiza el barrido mucociliary tiene un efecto bacteriostático y virustático. Diversos estudios muestran que el óxido nítrico nasal ex [...] halado en pacientes con rinosinusitis crónica es significativamente más bajo que en sujetos sanos. Esto podría estar determinado por una alteración en la difusión del óxido nítrico a través de los ostia de drenaje obstruidos o por una menor producción de óxido nítrico por parte de los portadores de rinosinusitis crónica. En este último caso, esto podría corresponder al evento primario en la etiopatogenia de la rinosinusitis crónica. Objetivos: Estudiar y comparar cualitativamente con técnica de inmunohisto-química la expresión de las isoformas e-NOS e I-NOS de la óxido nítrico sintetasa en mucosa sinusal de pacientes con rinosinusitis crónica y pacientes controles, sin patología rinosinusal infecciosa o alérgica. Material y método: Para responder a esta interrogante se realizó un estudio comparativo de casos y controles, con el objetivo de cuantificar con técnica de inmunohistoquímica la expresión de las isoformas endotelial e inducible de la óxido nítrico sintetasa en mucosa sinusal de pacientes con rinosinusitis crónica y pacientes controles sin patología rinosinusal infecciosa o alérgica. Resultados: Ingresan al estudio un total de 11 pacientes. Seis de ellos son el grupo control y 5 con sinusitis crónica. Ambos grupos presentan resultados similares. Conclusión: Los resultados no muestran ninguna diferencia en la expresión de óxido nítrico sintetasa, tanto en su isoforma endotelial como inducible, en la mucosa sinusal de pacientes portadores de rinosinusitis crónica comparado con sujetos sanos Abstract in english Introduction. Nitric oxide produced in the paranasal sinuses plays an important role in nasal physiology because it increases ciliary beat frequency, improves mucociliary clearance and has a bacteriostatic and virustatic effect. Several studies have shown that exhaled nasal nitric oxide was substant [...] ially lower in chronic sinusitis patients, compared to healthy subjects. This could be determined by altered nitric oxide diffusion through obstructed drainage ostia, or by chronic sinusitis patients having lower nitric oxide production. Aims. To qualitatively compare by immunocytochemistry the expression of the iNOS and eNOS isoforms of nitric oxide synthase in the sinus mucosa of chronic sinusitis patients and control subjects. Materials and methods. A case-control comparative study was carried out in order to compare by immunocytochemistry the expression of inducible and epithelial isoforms of nitric oxide synthase in nasal mucosa of chronic sinusitis patients and control subjects, with no infectious or allergic rhinosinusal pathology. Results. The results show no difference in the expression of the inducible or epithelial isoform of nitric oxide synthase in the nasal mucosa of chronic sinusitis patients as compared to healthy subjects

Carla, Napolitano V; Claudia, González G; Carlos, Céspedes F; Ximena, Fonseca A; Carlos, Vio L.

2007-08-01

201

A radiographic study on the mucosal cyst of the maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study was performed to evaluate the role Waters' view and panoramic view for the interpretation of mucosal cyst of the maxillary sinus and to determine the radiographic features of that according to the sites and sizes. For this study, clinically 25 cases of mucosal cyst of the maxillary sinus were used, and experimentally with who dry skulls, rubber ball of 15 mm in diameter for marked radiopacity, and two jelly balls of 8 and 20 mm in diameter for the similar radiopacity to cyst were used. The 25 cases with 25 panoramic views and 15 Waters' views were first analyzed, and secondly, the radiographic features of artificial lesions attached to the each wall of the antrum on Waters' view and panoramic view were analyzed. The obtained results were as follows: At clinical analysis, 1. 4 cases of 13-14 mm, 4 cases of 15-19 mm, 14 cases of 20-25 mm, 3 cases of over 30 mm in diameter were found on panoramic views. And 24 cases of 25 cases showed no relationship with teeth, and only 1 case was associated with advanced periodontal disease. 2. The majority of mucosal cysts appeared to arise the posterior portion of the floor of the sinus and were superimposed with the inominate line of zygoma and the horizontally linear image of hard palate on panoramic view. 3. Only 2 cases of 15 cases were identified on both films.At experimental analysis, 4. On Waters' view, the images of the artificial lesion of the anterior portion and midportion of the floor of the sinus were lessenedon of the floor of the sinus were lessened in diameter compared with the real size. On panoramic views, the images of the lesion were more radiolucent with lessened diameter than images on Waters' view. 5. The images of the lesion of the posterior wall and the posterior portion of the floor of sinus on panoramic view were well detected by the preedjucated group but not or poorly detected by the non-preeducated observer group. 6. On Waters' view, both observer groups recognized that the cystic images of the posterior portion of the floor of the maxillary sinus were superimposed with the petrous portion of the skull.

202

Osteoradionecrosis of sphenoid and temporal bones in a patient with maxillary sinus carcinoma: A case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A case of radionecrosis of sphenoid and temporal bones is reported. The patient received a combination of surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy for his left maxillary sinus carcinoma. After the combined therapy, necrosis accompanying inflammation developed in the maxillary and temporal regions. Excision of the necrotic tissues was done, and the left ascending ramus of the mandible was resected because of persistent tumor mass at the left infratemporal fossa. Although the excision wound of the maxilla healed by epithelialization, an area of nonvital bone remained exposed in the temporal region, where progressive osteonecrosis with infection led to breakdown of the skin. The necrotic bones of the zygomatic arch and the sphenotemporal sutural region became visible through the skin defect, and computerized tomography scan revealed bone necrosis involving the inferolateral area and the base of the skull. Excision of the necrotic bone and reconstruction with sternocleidomastoid myocutaneous flap were performed

203

Extensive complex odontoma in the maxillary sinus pushing 3rd molar near the orbital floor causing transient diplopia and chronic sinusitis: a rare presentation and surgical management.  

Science.gov (United States)

Odontoma is a mixed odontogenic hamartoma involving both epithelial and mesenchymal tissues. If left untreated, it can lead to complications in certain conditions. Here is a rare presentation of an extensive complex odontoma in maxillary sinus pushing third molar near the orbital floor causing transient diplopia in upward gaze occasionally and chronic sinusitis. Although odontomata are not uncommon and are familiar to practitioners, but some aggressive cases may cause problematic sequelae. Even postoperative complications may result if oral surgeons are not aware of the potential pitfalls associated with the surgical removal of large maxillary antrum odontomata. This article reports a rare presentation which can be considered unique because when obstruction of sinus drainage is evident, serious complications such as orbital infections, epidural and subdural empyema, meningitis, cerebritis, cavernous sinus thrombosis, brain abscess and death can occur. It also addresses points and pitfalls concerning surgery to remove odontoma. PMID:25848139

Gupta, Monika; Das, Debdutta

2015-03-01

204

Histopatologia da lâmina própria do seio maxilar na rinossinusite crônica / Histopathology of maxillary sinus lamina propria in chronic rhinosinusitis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A rinossinusite crônica é definida de modo simplificado como uma inflamação crônica da mucosa nasossinusal. OBJETIVO: Na tentativa de entender o porquê das falhas terapêuticas. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Caso-controle. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Decidimos estudar as alterações inflamatórias ultraestruturais encontrad [...] as na lâmina própria do seio maxilar de 13 pacientes portadores de rinossinusite crônica (RSC) e polipose nasossinusal (PNS), submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico. Biópsias da parede súpero-lateral do seio maxilar desses pacientes foram colhidas durante o ato operatório e, após preparação, observadas através de microscopia eletrônica de transmissão. RESULTADO: Na análise dos dados obtidos, observou-se cinco padrões de resposta inflamatória nas lâminas próprias estudadas inflamatório crônico. Processo inflamatório agudo - 1 caso; processo inflamatório não agudo e não crônico - 5 casos; processo inflamatório crônico - 2 casos; processo inflamatório desorganizado - 4 casos; processo inflamatório indeterminado - 1 caso. Concluindo, a análise dos resultados mostrou que a lâmina própria do seio maxilar desses pacientes esteve infiltrada por células inflamatórias, sem predomínio específico de qualquer elemento celular. Elementos glandulares não foram observados nos casos estudados e a fibrose foi notada em quase metade deles, com intensidade variada e localização preferencial logo abaixo do epitélio. CONCLUSÃO: Na situação vista, o processo inflamatório não seguiu as etapas normais de evolução, mostrou marcante desorganização do processo inflamatório, dificuldade em caminhar até a resolução do quadro, acompanhando a mesma dificuldade de resolução clínica nos pacientes. Abstract in english Chronic rhinosinusitis is defined in a simplified manner as chronic inflammation of the rhinosinusal mucosa. AIM: In an attempt to understand the reason for treatment failure. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We decided to study the ultrastructural inflammatory changes detected in th [...] e lamina propria of the maxillary sinus of 13 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and nasosinusal polyposis submitted to surgical treatment. Biopsies of the superolateral wall of the maxillary sinus were obtained from these patients during the surgical act and, after preparation, were observed by transmission electron microscopy. RESULTS: Analysis of the data obtained showed five patterns of inflammatory response in the lamina propria studied. Acute inflammatory process - 1 case; non-acute and non-chronic inflammatory process - 5 cases; chronic inflammatory process - 2 cases; disorganized inflammatory process - 4 cases; indeterminate inflammatory process - 1 case. Analysis of the results showed that the lamina propria of the maxillary sinus of these patients was infiltrated with inflammatory cells without the predominance of any particular cell element. Glandular elements were not observed in the cases studied and fibrosis was noted in almost half of them, of varying intensity and preferentially localized immediately below the epithelium. CONCLUSION: In the situation observed the inflammatory process did not follow the normal stages of evolution and showed marked disorganization, with difficulty in progressing to resolution of the picture, thus explaining the difficulties of patients refractory to clinical and surgical treatment.

Sabrina Maria de Castro, Sarreta; João Vicente, Dorgam; Bruno Beltrão de, Souza; Maria Dolores Seabra, Ferreira; Valder Rodrigues de, Melo; Wilma T., Anselmo-Lima.

2004-01-01

205

Metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma presented as a tumor of the maxillary sinus and retrobulbar tumor  

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Full Text Available Introduction. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC is the most frequent primary malignant tumor of the liver. It is usually seen in the 6th and 7th decades of life and chronic hepatitis B is the most frequent cause. Extrahepatic metastasis of HCC is an indicator of a poor prognosis and the most common sites are lungs, bones, lymph nodes, kidneys and adrenal glands. We reported a case of isolated metastasis in the right maxilla, which had been found initially, before the tumor in the liver was diagnosed. Case report. A 70-year-old man underwent dental surgery of the upper right molar. Prolonged bleeding control was difficult for up to two weeks, so the biopsy was performed. Histopathological analysis revealed a metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma. Computerized tomography (CT of the abdomen revealed a diffusely heterogeneous liver parenchyma with irregular borders and two foci of mass lesions. There were metastasis in the spleen and also two pathological retroperitoneal lymph nodes were detected, but no ascit, liver cirrhosis, cholestasis or portal vein thrombosis were seen. CT of the orbital and maxillary regions revealed a tumor mass in the right maxillary sinus, spreading to the alveolar sinus, nasal cavity and partially infratemporal space. A tumor mass was in the right orbit as well, infiltrating the surrounding bones and muscles. Clinically, there was proptosis of the right eye accompanied by amaurosis. The treatment started with chemotherapy based on 5-fluorouracil (sorafenib was not available. After three cycles, control CTs showed a stable disease in the liver, but progression in the right maxillary sinus and orbit. Enucleation of the right eye was performed and postoperative radiotherapy was planed. The patient deteriorated rapidly and died, about 6 months after the disease had been diagnosed. Conclusion. Extrahepatic metastasis of HCC represents a progressive phase of the disease with poor prognosis, so the main aim of the treatment should be palliation and care of symptoms.

Kolarevi? Daniela

2011-01-01

206

Influence of postsurgical residual tumor volume on local control in radiotherapy for maxillary sinus cancer  

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The aim was to study the influence of postsurgical gross residual tumor volume on local control of maxillary sinus cancer treated with radiotherapy combined with debulking surgery. Forty-three patients who underwent combined surgery and radiotherapy (50-72 Gy, median 60 Gy) for squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus were reviewed. Gross residual tumor volume (GRTV) after surgery was measured on computed tomograms obtained during the radiotherapy planning. Patients were classified according to GRTV as follows: group AA, GRTV=0 (microscopic residual, n=2); group A, GRTV 3 (n=24); group B, 10-40 cm3 (n=9); and group C, ?40 cm3 (n=8). The relationship between local control and GRTV was analyzed using univariate and multivariate analysis. The 2-year local control rate for all patients was 62%. The differences in local control rates between groups AA, A and B were not significant (P<0.05), but the rate was significantly lower in group C than in the other groups (69% at 2 years vs 31% at 1 year, P<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that GRTV (P=0.002) and histological differentiation (poorly differentiated histology was favorable, P=0.035) were independent prognostic factors and that intraarterial chemotherapy and administered total dose were not. Local control in groups A and B significantly depended on the total dose of radiotherapy, with 2-year control rates of patients receiving 50 Gy (n=6) and ?60 Gy (n=27) of 17% vs Gy (n=6) and ?60 Gy (n=27) of 17% vs 79%, respectively (P<0.001). Our data suggest that adequate, not complete, debulking associated with a total radiotherapy dose of ?60 Gy can provide satisfactory local control for patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus. (author)

207

Reconstruction of defects of maxillary sinus wall after removal of a huge odontogenic lesion using prebended 3D titanium-mesh and CAD/CAM technique  

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Abstract A 63 year-old male with a huge odontogenic lesion of sinus maxillaris was treated with computer-assisted surgery. After resection of the odontogenic lesion, the sinus wall was reconstructed with a prebended 3D titanium-mesh using CAD/CAM technique. This work provides a new treatment device for maxillary reconstruction via rapid prototyping procedures.

Stoetzer Marcus; Rana Majeed; von See Constantin; Eckardt André M; Gellrich Nils-Claudius

2011-01-01

208

Ewing's sarcoma family of tumors of the maxillary sinus: a case report of multidisciplinary examination enabling prompt diagnosis.  

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There have been approximately 10 reports in English literature of cases of Ewing's sarcoma family of tumors (EFT) arising in the maxillary sinus. In this location, some tumors mimic EFT, and are more frequently encountered. Herein, we present an additional case of an EFT originating in the maxillary sinus. The patient was a 15-year-old boy complaining of a non-tender swelling of the left cheek. Laboratory tests showed no abnormalities. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass centered in the maxillary sinus with degeneration of the surrounding bones. Pathological examination along with flow cytometry and G-banding enabled the prompt diagnosis of EFT with the EWS/FLI1 fusion gene. The patient is planned to undergo chemotherapy. An origin in the head and neck and the presence of the typical EWS/FLI1, in conjunction with an opportunity for immediate treatment, may predict a relatively better prognosis for EFT in our case. PMID:25755803

Tajima, Shogo; Ohkubo, Aki; Yoshida, Matsumi; Koda, Kenji; Nameki, Ichirota

2015-01-01

209

The controversy in the management of the N0 neck for squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus.  

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Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the maxillary sinus is a relatively rare disease. As the reported incidence of regional metastasis varies widely, controversy exists as to whether or not the N0 classified neck should be treated electively. In this review, the data from published series are analyzed to decide on a recommendation of elective treatment of the neck in maxillary SCC. The published series consist of heterogeneous populations of different subsites of the paranasal sinuses, different histological types, different staging and treatment modalities used and different ways of reporting the results. These factors do not allow for recommendations based on high levels of evidence. Given this fact, the relatively high incidence rate of regional metastasis at presentation or in follow-up in the untreated N0 neck, and the relatively low toxicity of elective neck irradiation, such irradiation in SCC of the maxillary sinus should be considered. PMID:23784492

Takes, Robert P; Ferlito, Alfio; Silver, Carl E; Rinaldo, Alessandra; Medina, Jesus E; Robbins, K Thomas; Rodrigo, Juan P; Hamoir, Marc; Suárez, Carlos; Zbären, Peter; Mondin, Vanni; Shaha, Ashok R; Mendenhall, William M; Strojan, Primož

2014-05-01

210

The results of combined therapy malignant neoplasms of maxillary sinus at Oncology Center in Poznan  

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Between 1985-1989 22 patients with malignant neoplasma maxillary sinus have been treated. At the first stage the surgical resection of maxilla was performed. Most of the patients (77%) had histopathological diagnosis of carcinoma planoepitheliale, 13% carcinoma solidum and 4% carcinoma adenoides cysticum. All patients had adjuvant therapy by Co-60 irradiation. Single fraction dose of 2 Gy/T 5 times a week up to total dose of 60-70 Gy/T has been applied. In the follow-up period of minimum 36 months the free-symptoms survival rate of 18%. (author)

211

Preservation of the orbital contents in cancer of the maxillary sinus  

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Tumor invasion of the periorbita, posterior ethmoid cells, or orbital apex is considered an absolute indication for orbital exenteration. Preservation of the orbital contents in selected cases can be applied safely to the treatment of primary maxillary sinus cancer. Patient complaints relating to the preserved eye were more commonly associated with radiation therapy than the method of reconstruction used. Reconstruction of the orbital floor with a skin graft, even when combined with radiation therapy, gave a functional eye in the majority of cases while not compromising the oncologic safety or the procedure

212

Aberrant Anatomical Variation of Maxillary Sinus Mimicking Periapical Cyst: A Report of Two Cases and Role of CBCT in Diagnosis.  

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Most periapical lesions are associated with microorganisms from infected root canal systems. Maxillary sinus can pose a diagnostic dilemma radiographically because of its anatomical variation which can mimic a periapical pathosis. The aim of this study was to describe two cases of aberrant anatomical variation of the maxillary sinus that presented radiographic similarities to a periapical cyst in order to call the attention of clinicians to the fact that several different diseases are able to mimic endodontic periapical lesions. An accurate assessment of this morphology was made with the help of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). PMID:23710374

Sekerci, Ahmet Ercan; Sisman, Yildiray; Etoz, Meryem; Bulut, Duygu Goller

2013-01-01

213

Epithelioid angiosarcoma of the maxillary sinus and the maxilla: a case report and review of the literature.  

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Epithelioid angiosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor that arises from the endothelium of the blood vessels. In the head and neck area, most of these lesions affect the scalp and facial soft tissues, and the maxillary sinus and the maxilla are among the rarest locations involved. In this paper, we present a case of angiosarcoma of the left maxillary sinus, with extension into the left maxilla. We review the literature and discuss the differential diagnosis of endothelial neoplasms and the management and the prognosis of this tumor. PMID:12324789

Triantafillidou, Katherine; Lazaridis, Nicholas; Zaramboukas, Thomas

2002-09-01

214

Aberrant Anatomical Variation of Maxillary Sinus Mimicking Periapical Cyst: A Report of Two Cases and Role of CBCT in Diagnosis  

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Most periapical lesions are associated with microorganisms from infected root canal systems. Maxillary sinus can pose a diagnostic dilemma radiographically because of its anatomical variation which can mimic a periapical pathosis. The aim of this study was to describe two cases of aberrant anatomical variation of the maxillary sinus that presented radiographic similarities to a periapical cyst in order to call the attention of clinicians to the fact that several different diseases are able to mimic endodontic periapical lesions. An accurate assessment of this morphology was made with the help of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). PMID:23710374

Sekerci, Ahmet Ercan; Sisman, Yildiray; Etoz, Meryem; Bulut, Duygu Goller

2013-01-01

215

Maxillary sinusitis - a comparative study of different imaging diagnosis methods; Sinusopatias maxilares - um estudo comparativo de diferentes metodos de diagnostico por imagem  

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We conducted prospective study comparing different methods (plain X-rays, computed tomography and ultrasonography mode-A) for the initial diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis. Twenty patients (40 maxillary sinuses) with a clinical history suggestive of sinusitis included in this study. The results were classified as abnormal or normal, using computed tomography as gold standard. The sensitivity for ultrasonography and plain X-rays was 84.6% and 69.2%, respectively. The specificity of both methods was 92.6%. This study suggests that ultrasonography can be used as a good follow-up method for patients with maxillary. sinusitis. (author)

Hueb, Marcelo Miguel; Borges, Fabiano de Almeida; Pulcinelli, Emilte; Souza, Wandir Ferreira; Borges, Luiz Marcondes [Faculdade de Medicina do Triangulo Mineiro (FMTM), Uberaba, MG (Brazil)

1999-12-01

216

A radiologic study on the experimental lesions of the maxillary sinus  

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This study was performed to determine the each location of lesions in the maxillary sinus and to evaluate the relationship between the floor of the antrum and the apical regions of teeth by the comparison of the panoramic view and panoramic sinus view. For this study, experimentally with two dry skulls, jelly balls of 8 mm and 15 mm in diameter containing a short wire for the radiopacity similar to the cyst and clinically 5 patients having mucosal cyst in the antrum and 10 patients having periapical lesions of upper molars were formed by using round bur and the radiopaque periapical lesions were simulated by filling the former lesions with lead foil. Each panoramic view and each panoramic sinus view of the experimental lesions and patients were obtained by using panoramic machine and analyzed. The following results obtained; 1. On the panoramic sinus view, the innominate line was approximately coincided with the most lateral portion of the antrum and the posterior wall appeared as the narrow area at the mesial side of the innominate line. The anterior wall occupied totally the mesial side of the innominate line, and the medial wall occupied the mesial half of the antrum. 2. In all cases of experimental cystic lesion attached to each wall of the antrum, the location of each lesion was able to be determined by applying Tube shift technic. 3. The palatal root and mesiobuccal root of the molar appeared as being transposed each other mesiolaterally on the panoramic and panoramic sinus views. 4. The panoramic sinus view was superior to the panoramic view in revealing the relationship between the floor of the antrum and the periapical lesion.

Kim, Young Il; Kim, Jae Duck [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, Chosun University, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of)

1995-02-15

217

A radiologic study on the experimental lesions of the maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study was performed to determine the each location of lesions in the maxillary sinus and to evaluate the relationship between the floor of the antrum and the apical regions of teeth by the comparison of the panoramic view and panoramic sinus view. For this study, experimentally with two dry skulls, jelly balls of 8 mm and 15 mm in diameter containing a short wire for the radiopacity similar to the cyst and clinically 5 patients having mucosal cyst in the antrum and 10 patients having periapical lesions of upper molars were formed by using round bur and the radiopaque periapical lesions were simulated by filling the former lesions with lead foil. Each panoramic view and each panoramic sinus view of the experimental lesions and patients were obtained by using panoramic machine and analyzed. The following results obtained; 1. On the panoramic sinus view, the innominate line was approximately coincided with the most lateral portion of the antrum and the posterior wall appeared as the narrow area at the mesial side of the innominate line. The anterior wall occupied totally the mesial side of the innominate line, and the medial wall occupied the mesial half of the antrum. 2. In all cases of experimental cystic lesion attached to each wall of the antrum, the location of each lesion was able to be determined by applying Tube shift technic. 3. The palatal root and mesiobuccal root of the molar appeared as being transposed each other mesiolaterally on the panoramic and paner mesiolaterally on the panoramic and panoramic sinus views. 4. The panoramic sinus view was superior to the panoramic view in revealing the relationship between the floor of the antrum and the periapical lesion.

218

Retrospective evaluation of surgical intervention following chemo- and radiotherapy of maxillary sinus cancers  

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During the past 15 years, 30 patients with squamous cell carcinomas of the maxillary sinus were treated by modified partial maxillectomy following chemo- and radiotherapy, taking care to preserve facial contour and function as far as possible. Follow-up evaluation showed that local recurrences, and regional lymph node and distant metastases were more frequent in T4 patients than in T3 patients. Evaluation of the histopathological effects of preoperative chemo- and radiotherapy at the time of surgery showed that T4 patients tended to have a poorer response to the treatment than T3 patients. Analysis according to the direction of primary tumor extension showed that the incidence of local recurrence was higher in the superolateral type, whereas that of regional lymph node metastasis was higher in the medial type. The cumulative 5-year survival was high (72.2%) in Stage III patients and low (22.5%) in Stage IV patients. The overall rate was 55.4%. The treatment produced relatively good outcomes in T3 patients but poor outcomes in T4 patients. These findings indicate that T4 carcinoma of the maxillary sinus must be managed initially by a combination of irradiation and multi-chemotherapeutic drugs, and then treated by more extensive surgical resection. (author)

219

How far can we exert organ preservation in cancer of the maxillary sinus?  

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A combination of radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and surgery improved the 5-year survival rate of patients with cancer of the maxillary sinus by more than 60%. In recent years, considering the QOL of patients when they return to their former social environments, treatment methods exerting organ preservation are expected. The present study evaluated whether the combination of massive intraarterial infusion of CDDP and radiotherapy can reduce the frequency of surgical treatment for cancer of the maxillary sinus. Satisfactory results were obtained after the completion of radiotherapy (regional CR rate: 66.7%, response rate: 91.7%). Moreover, the pathohistological CR rate was 75%, and local control of the cancer was achieved by this combination therapy in 6 of 12 patients (50%) without surgical treatment. Furthermore, the 2-year cumulative survival rate was 75% when evaluated in all patients, using the Kaplan-Meier method. Although the period of investigation was short, the results of the present study suggested that the combination of massive intraarterial infusion of CDDP and radiotherapy could reduce the frequency of surgical treatment and could contribute to organ preservation in cancer therapy. (author)

220

Clinical results and therapeutic problems of combined therapy for maxillary sinus carcinoma  

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A retrospective study was carried out on 50 patients with maxillary sinus carcinoma, mostly stage IV, treated by a combined therapy with radiotherapy, chemotherapy and surgery during 1985-1996 at Hirosaki University Hospital. Thirty-one of the 50 patients were male and 19 were female, and the average age was 59.2 years old. The 5-year cause specific survival rate was 48.5%, the 5-year local control rate was 46.7% in all patients and the most patients were died of local recurrence. The patients without lymph node metastasis, treated with extended radical surgery and irradiated dose of 50 Gy showed a significantly better survival and local control than the other patients, although T-stage, histology and total administration of 5-FU were not significant. On the other hand, the patients with high biologically effective dose (BED) corrected for overall radiation treatment time (cBED) showed a significantly better local control than those with low cBED. Multivariate analysis demonstrated N-stage, radical surgery and cBED to be significant variables for survival and local control. It is concluded that radiotherapists should aim to improve local control without cosmetic and functional impairments and should, for that purpose, maintain high cBED for maxillary sinus carcinoma, i.e. no interruption of radiotherapy. (author)

221

Clinical evaluation of multimodal treatment for squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus  

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Seventy-seven patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus were treated with radiotherapy and surgery (with or without intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy) from 1969 to 1986 at Tokyo Women's Medical College. The treatment given to the subjects was broadly separated into three categories: Treatment I (1969-1974), Treatment II (1975-1977), and Treatment III (1978-1986). Treatment I consisted of surgery and radiotherapy; Treatment II consisted of multimodal treatment by surgery and radiotherapy with 5-FU intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy (IAIC) from the superficial temporal artery; Treatment III consisted of surgery and radiotherapy with Adriamycin IAIC replacing 5-FU IAIC. Radiotherapy involved a total dose of 60 Gy/6 weeks in Treatment I as the standard, 50 Gy/5 weeks with 5-FU (250 mgx20 times/4 weeks) in Treatment III. Surgery by antrotomy was performed before radiotherapy and IAIC, and Denker's operation was done after radiotherapy with IAIC. The influence of patients' age, sex, T stage and N stage were examined as prognostic factors and no statistically significant differences were seen among each treatment periods. The 2-year control rate was 29% in period I, 27% in period II, and 58% in period III. The 5-year cumulative survival rate was 13% for period I, 40% for period II, and 54% for period III; the incidence of side effects during radiotherapy did not appear to increase, and the severity was at a tolerable level considering the results. Howlerable level considering the results. However, late complications were seen in 6 cases (cataract, 5; obstinate sinusitis, 1). Thus, the study indicates that multimodal treatment using Adriamycin IAIC can minimize face deformity and allows effective function-saving treatment for carcinoma of the maxillary sinus. (author)

222

Comparative Study of Algipore and Decalcified Freeze - Dried Bone Allograft In Open Maxillary Sinus Elevation Using Piezo e lectric Surgery  

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Full Text Available Background and aim. Vertical and horizontal bone resorption of the alveolar ridge are common in edentul ous jaws. In the distal area of the maxilla, an adequate bone volume is often lacking because of the proximity of the sinus cavities to crestal bone. Sinus floor augmentation is an established way of increasing the height and volume of bone in the p osterior region of the maxilla, which increase the stability of dental implants. For this purpose various materials, including auto grafts, allograf ts,alloplasts, and xenografts have been used. The aim of this study was the radiographic and clinical comparison of Algipore with decalcified freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA inthe open maxillary sinus lift technique using piezoelectric instruments. Materials and methods. A total of 20 sinus grafts were performed in 10 patients who had a severely resorbed bilateral maxillary alveolar process with a residual bone thickness of between 1 and 5 mm (mean, 3.6 mm. The operation involved anosteotomy performed on the lateral maxillary wall using piezoelectric instruments, elevation of the sinus membrane, and placement of either of the two bone graft materials in each randomly-selected side. Preoperative and postoperative standard radiographs taken at nine months of follow- up were used to compare the outcome of bone height after the maxillary sinuslifting procedure. Changes in radiographic density after sinus grafting were evaluated using densitometry. Results. The radiographic density was 76.3% on the Algipore side and 72.4% on the DFDBA side (P >0.05. The mean height of newly formed bone in the augmented area was 12.3 mm on the Algipore side and 10.7 mm on the DFDBA side (P >0.05. Conclusion. After nine months there were no considerable clinical or radiological differences in outcome between Algipore and DFDBA and both of them were recognized as acceptable materials for sinus lift procedures

Habibollah Ghanba

2013-05-01

223

The association between paranasal computerized tomography scans and symptoms and signs in a general practice population with acute maxillary sinusitis  

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The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between changes revealed by computerized tomography scan (CT) and symptoms, signs, and bacteriological diagnoses in a general practice population who had been diagnosed with acute maxillary sinusitis (AMS). This study was designed as a prospective cohort study in Danish general practice in cooperation with the otorhinolaryngology and neuroradiology departments at Aalborg County Hospital. One hundred and seventy-four patients, aged 18-65 years, suspected of having AMS were included. The strongest associations were with purulent nasal discharge, preceding upper respiratory tract infection, maxillary toothache and oedema over the maxillary sinuses. Self-reported previous sinusitis was negatively associated with sinus infection. There was a strong association between increasing values of C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate and changes on the CT scan. CT scans contributed only little to the final diagnosis, whereas increased CRP values and elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rates were more reliable indicators of inflammation in the sinuses.

Hansen, Jens Georg; Lund, Elisabeth

2011-01-01

224

Potential role of intensity-modulated radiotherapy in the treatment of tumors of the maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To assess 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) techniques to see whether doses to critical structures could be reduced while maintaining planning target volume (PTV) coverage in patients receiving conventional radiotherapy (RT) for carcinoma of the maxillary sinus because of the risk of radiation-induced complications, particularly visual loss. Methods and Materials: Six patients who had recently received conventional RT for carcinoma of the maxillary sinus were studied. Conventional RT, 3D-CRT, and step-and-shoot IMRT plans were prepared using the same 2-field arrangement. The effect of reducing the number of segments in the IMRT beams was investigated. Results: 3D-CRT and IMRT reduced the brain and ipsilateral parotid gland doses compared with the conventional plans. IMRT reduced doses to both optic nerves; for the contralateral optic nerve, 15-segment IMRT plans delivered an average maximal dose of 56.4 Gy (range 53.9-59.3) compared with 65.7 Gy (range 65.3-65.9) and 64.2 Gy (range 61.4-65.6) for conventional RT and 3D-CRT, respectively. IMRT also gave improved PTV homogeneity and improved coverage, with an average of 8.5% (range 7.0-11.7%) of the volume receiving <95% of the prescription dose (64 Gy) compared with 14.7% (range 14.1-15.9%) and 15.1% (range 14.4-16.1%) with conventional RT and 3D-CRT, respectively. Little difference was found between the 15 and 7-segment plans, but 5 segments resulted in segment plans, but 5 segments resulted in a reduced minimal PTV dose. Conclusions: IMRT offers significant advantages over conventional RT and 3D-CRT techniques for treatment of maxillary sinus tumors. Good results can be obtained from 7 segments per beam without compromising the PTV coverage. This number of segments is practical for implementation in a busy RT department

225

Complex odontoma of unusual size involving the maxillary sinus: report of a case and review of CT and histopathologic features.  

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An unusually large complex odontoma of the maxilla, occupying the entire maxillary sinus with expansion into the floor of the orbit and left nasal fossa, is reported. Although occurrences of complex odontomas are not considered rare, odontomas attaining extremely large sizes, especially involving the entire maxillary sinus with extension to the orbital floor and nasal fossae, are indeed, rare. In this article, the literature is reviewed to identify the common clinical, radiographic, and histologic characteristics of such lesions, and the outcome of treatment is discussed. Complex odontomas occasionally have significant growth potential, especially in the first two decades of life. Early recognition and consideration for surgical excision are key to successful management of this common odontogenic lesion. When odontomas extend beyond the alveolar process into the fascial planes, nasal fossae, paranasal sinuses, and orbits, computed tomography can readily demonstrate the extent and boundaries of the lesion. PMID:15366528

Mupparapu, Muralidhar; Singer, Steven R; Rinaggio, Joseph

2004-09-01

226

Radiotherapy in trimodal combination therapy for maxillary sinus squamous cell carcinoma  

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From May 1979 to December 1982, 31 patients with reappraisable preoperative CT were treated with trimodal combination therapy for maxillary sinus squamous cell carcinoma. The three-year cumulative survival rate of all cases was 43% and the two-year cumulative local control rate was 44%. The 5-FU distribution in infusion chemotherapy was reappraised by the dye method and the radiation field was reappraised on the basis of preoperative CT. Only patients who received suitable infusion chemotherapy and radiotherapy showed a good local control rate. Suitably performed infusion chemotherapy and radiotherapy were essential in our trimodal combination therapy. Radiotherapy must be planned according to the individual patient on the basis of the preoperative CT and surgical findings. (author)

227

Long-term prognosis of maxillary sinus malignant tumor patients treated by fast neutron radiation therapy  

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From 1976 through 1990, 19 patients with maxillary sinus malignant tumor were treated with combination therapy consisting of maxillectomy and radiation of fast neutron. Fast neutron radiotherapy was performed at National Institute of Radiological Sciences. Eight patients had adenoid cystic carcinomas, three patients squamous cell carcinomas, one patient a carcinoma in pleomorphic adenoma, four patients fibrosarcomas, one patient osteosarcoma, one patient chondrosarcoma and one patient rhabdomyosarcoma. Fast neutron therapy after/before surgery was effective in fresh cases with T2-3N0M0 adenoid cystic carcinomas and sarcomas (except for fibrosarcoma). Nine patients were alive more than three years after treatment. And serious complications of fast neutron radiation therapy appeared in six of these nine patients. Visual impairment of opposite side occurred in four patients. Bone necrosis occured in one patient and brain dysfunction in one patient. (author)

228

Bacteriological efficacy of 5-day therapy with telithromycin in acute maxillary sinusitis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Increasing resistance among the key pathogens responsible for community-acquired respiratory tract infections, namely Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis, has the potential to limit the effectiveness of the antibacterial agents available to treat these infections. Moreover, there are regional differences in the susceptibility patterns observed and, as treatment is usually empirical, choosing an effective treatment can be challenging. Telithromycin, the first ketolide to be approved for clinical use, offers an activity profile that covers the key respiratory pathogens including penicillin- and macrolide-resistant S. pneumoniae as well as beta-lactamase-producing H. influenzae and M. catarrhalis. In a pooled analysis of three large controlled clinical trials involving patients with acute maxillary sinusitis, the bacteriological efficacy of 5- or 10-day treatment with telithromycin and 10-day treatment with comparators was evaluated. Telithromycin administered as a once-daily 800 mg dose for 5 days achieved eradication rates of 91.8, 87.5 and 92.9% for S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae and M. catarrhalis, respectively. Bacteriological eradication of 8/10 and 12/14 isolates of S. pneumoniae resistant to penicillin and erythromycin, respectively, was also reported following 5-day treatment with telithromycin. The clinical efficacy of this regimen was equivalent to that of a 10-day regimen of telithromycin or standard 10-day courses of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid or cefuroxime axetil. Telithromycin 800mg given for 5 days was well tolerated, with the majority of adverse events being of mild or moderate intensity. These data suggest that telithromycin provides effective first-line therapy for use in patients with acute maxillary sinusitis in a short and convenient once-daily dosage regimen. PMID:15737519

Buchanan, P; Roos, K; Tellier, G; Rangaraju, M; Leroy, B

2005-03-01

229

Retrospective analysis of multidisciplinary therapy for locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to retrospectively investigate the efficacy of multidisciplinary therapy (concomitant radiotherapy and intra-arterial infusion of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) followed by maxillectomy) in the treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus. We reviewed 71 patient records with locally advanced but respectable carcinoma of the maxillary sinus treated by means of multidisciplinary therapy between 1978 through 1997. The clinical T factor for these patients, according to the UICC definitions (1997), was 12 for T2, 46 for T3, and 13 for T4. Twelve patients were diagnosed as node-positive at initial presentation. Intra-arterial 5-FU was delivered via a superficial temporal artery in accordance with radiotherapy, and the cumulative 5-FU dose ranged from 2,900 mg to 5,250 mg (median 5,000 mg). The total radiotherapy dose ranged from 29 Gy to 48 Gy (median 48 Gy) with conventional fractionation. Patients underwent radical maxillectomy thereafter. The 5-year overall survival rate and disease-specific survival rate of all the patients were 58% and 68%, respectively. There was no significant correlation of clinical T factor or N factor with disease-specific survival on univariate and multivariate analysis. The overall treatment-related mortality rate was 3.7%. Radiation cataract later developed in all evaluable patients whose lenses were within the treatment volume. About a half of the operable T4 patients survived over 5 years by means of the abs survived over 5 years by means of the above-mentioned multidisciplinary therapy. This multidisciplinary therapy should be compared to treatment with a combination of surgery and postoperative chemoradiotherapy. (author)

230

Radiotherapy for squamous cell carcinoma of maxillary sinus. Requirements for conservative treatment strategy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We reviewed the records of 45 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of maxillary sinus who underwent radiotherapy and intra-arterial chemotherapy with or without maxillectomy. Of 45 patients, 10 patients (stage II:III:IV A=1:5:4) were operated with radical radiotherapy without maxillectomy and had no local failure for more than 1 year (conservative and no local failure group), and 9 patients (stage III:IV A=3:6) were performed with partial or total maxillectomy after pre-operative radiotherapy and had no malignant cells in the operated specimen (group B). Complete response on radiological images was shown in 70% of patients in group A, and 67% of patients in group B. In group A, local recurrence was found in 1 of 10 patients in group A and 1 of 9 patients in group B during a further follow-up period. Five-year overall survival rate was 53% and 67% in group A and B, respectively. Five-year cause-specific survival rate was 89% and 67% in group A and B, respectively. Maxillary conservative treatment is appropriate in cases showing good response on radiological images after radiotherapy combined with concurrent intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy. (author)

231

Clinical study of en bloc resection for squamous cell carcinoma of maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In 1960, Sato performed conservative surgery called tumor reduction in combination with intra-arterial infusion of anti-cancer drugs and radiotherapy to obtain satisfactory clinical results while minimizing facial deformation. We have used the Sato's method for maxillary cancer since the late 1960s, and achieved a five-year survival rate of 41.8% for the 78 patients treated between 1970 and 1980. In order to further improve treatment outcome, we incorporated imaging diagnosis using CT and MRI and switched to a method involving en bloc resection based on the effects of preoperative radiation therapy. As a result, a five-year survival rate of 62.1% and a five-year local control rate of 75.2% were obtained for the 136 patients who underwent en bloc resection between 1980 and 2008. Five-year survival rates by the T classification were as follows: T1+T2, 88.9%; T3, 64.7%; T4a, 61.9%; and T4b, 38.5%. Rates for patients given preoperative arterial infusion and radiation therapy were as follows: T3, 82.0%; T4a, 73.4%; T4b, 50.0%. In terms of preoperative treatment, arterial infusion combined with radiation therapy was more effective than radiation therapy alone. We herein report outcomes at our department for en bloc resection for squamous cell carcinoma of maxillary sinus. (author)

232

A 'supralethal dose phenomenon' revealed by cancer of the maxillary sinus  

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In this paper a so-called ''supralethal dose phenomenon'' is reported. Two groups of patients, all of whom were carrying proved squamous cell carcinoma of the same clinical stage in their maxillary sinuses, were compared after radiotherapy in our department. The radiotherapies applied to the two groups were very similar in terms of fraction number, treatment period, dose distribution and immobilization technique, but differed in dose, i.e., 5,500 cGy for one group of 9 patients and 5,750 cGy for the other group of 20 patients. The five-year survival rates of the two groups were 8/9 and 10/20, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). All patients were observed for at least five years. Except for tumor stage, the status of the patients in the two groups, including primary site of the tumor in the sinus, patients' age and cause of death for the failed cases, are also discussed in detail. (author)

233

Systematic modification and evaluation of a canine model for elevation of the floor of the maxillary sinus.  

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We have modified a canine model for raising the floor of the maxillary sinus by selecting a new surgical approach, and have evaluated the model with computed tomographic (CT) scans and endoscopy. Preoperative CT scans were taken of two beagle cadavers and four healthy, live beagles. The CT data were entered into Simplant software to select a candidate site for a surgical incision located between the first molar and the greater palatine foramen. All animals had the floor of the maxillary sinus raised from the candidate site. During the operation an endoscope was put outside the candidate site and into the maxillary sinus through a lateral puncture to record the condition of the Schneiderian membrane and the position of the candidate site. Postoperative CT scans were used to measure the position of the site, and the positions were compared. Eleven variables were measured on the coronal and sagittal sections. The two most important variables were the mean (SD) horizontal distance from the candidate site to the palatal alveolar ridge (8.1 (0.9)mm) and the residual bone height (2.0 (0.4)mm). There were no significant differences in the anteroposterior or internal-external position of the candidate site. Intraoperative endoscopic views showed the intact, white, and opaque membrane from the candidate site, and the movement of the membrane in the middle of the sinus floor from the lateral puncture. The candidate site is therefore an ideal surgical approach for raising the floor of the maxillary sinus, and the canine model is suitable for research in this area. PMID:25001117

Zheng, JiSi; Zhang, ShanYong; Lu, ErYi; Yang, Chi; Zhang, WenJie; Zhao, JingYang

2014-11-01

234

Maxillary sinus augmentation using different grafting materials and dental implants in monkeys. Part IV. Evaluation of hydroxyapatite-coated implants.  

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The aim of this study was to evaluate clinically, histologically and histometrically the use of hydroxyapatite-coated dental implants in conjunction with maxillary sinus augmentation procedures. In 4 adult male Rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) the 3 maxillary molars on 1 side of the jaws were extracted and the remaining bone between the alveolar crest and the floor of the sinus was reduced to 3-4 mm. After 3 months, maxillary sinus augmentation procedures were performed in each monkey and the sinuses were grafted with a porous hydroxyapatite bone graft (Interpore-200). At the same time, 2 hydroxyapatite-coated cylinder implants (IMZ) were immediately placed into the augmented sinuses (i.e. simultaneous-implants-loaded group). Four months later, 2 additional similar implants were placed into the previously augmented sinuses (i.e. delayed-implants-loaded group). After 4 months, the abutment connection was performed and all 4 implants were loaded with a gold-alloy bridge for 6 months (i.e. until sacrifice of the animals). The contralateral side of each monkey received the same treatment with the exception that removal of the maxillary molars was performed 7 months after those in the opposite side, and that the implants in this side were not loaded. Thus, 2 additional study groups (i.e. simultaneous-implants-unloaded group and delayed-implants-unloaded group) were obtained. Clinically, all loaded and unloaded implants were stable the day of sacrifice. Histologically, the grafted sinuses exhibited a significant amount of new bone formation with integration of the porous hydroxyapatite graft particles and hydroxyapatite-coat of the dental implants to the new bone. Histometric analysis indicated that on the loaded side the implants placed simultaneously with the sinus lift procedure exhibited greater direct mineralized bone-to-implant contact than the delayed placed implants. In addition, the percentage of direct mineralized bone-to-implant contact was significantly greater in the residual bone in comparison to the augmented area in all groups. Loading of the implants exhibited a positive effect on the percentage of direct mineralized bone-to-implant contact in the augmented area. It could be concluded that hydroxyapatite-coated implants may be of benefit when used in conjunction with sinus augmentation procedures. PMID:9580409

Quiñones, C R; Hürzeler, M B; Schüpbach, P; Arnold, D R; Strub, J R; Caffesse, R G

1997-12-01

235

Five-year follow-up of a root canal filling material in the maxillary sinus: a case report.  

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This report describes the 5-year clinical and radiographic follow-up of an accidental extrusion of a root canal filling material into the maxillary sinus and emphasizes the importance of monitoring of similar cases. The most favorable prognosis is achieved by surgically removing the extruded material from the sinus. Excess zinc oxide-eugenol-based materials in the sinus might cause aspergillosis sinusitis, and this entity often needs many years to develop. In this case, endomethasone was the filling material; however, the patient refused to undergo any surgical intervention. After a follow-up period of 5 years, the patient had no symptoms and radiographic examination disclosed no pathologic changes in the antrum. PMID:18718776

Batur, Yusuf Burak; Ersev, Handan

2008-10-01

236

Case Report: retained gutta-percha as a cause for persistent maxillary sinusitis and pain [v2; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/3c6  

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Full Text Available Dental sources of infection can produce acute and chronic maxillary sinusitis. In some cases, the source of the infection may be related to the presence of endodontic materials in the oral cavity. In this article, we report a case of retained gutta-percha in the maxillary sinus resulting in chronic sinusitis.

Benjamin L. Hodnett

2014-04-01

237

Primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the maxillary sinus in an elderly male: A case report and literature review  

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Primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET), which belongs to the Ewing's sarcoma (ES) family of tumors, is mainly seen in children and young adults. PNETs are extremely rare in the maxilla. Here, we report a case of PNET of the left maxillary sinus in an elderly male. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a slightly enhanced solid mass occupying the left maxillary sinus and infiltrating into the retroantral space. A partial maxillectomy was performed. Despite postoperative chemotherapy, follow-up computed tomography (CT) and MRI revealed a nodal metastasis in the submandibular space. Neck dissection was performed. However, the patient died 10 months after the second surgery because of distant metastasis to the liver. MRI and CT were particularly useful in detecting the extent of the tumor, recurrence, and metastasis. Further, a literature review of the previously reported PNET cases of the maxilla was carried out. In this paper, we also discuss the current approach for the diagnosis and management of these tumors.

Shah, Saiquat [Dept. of Dental Public Health, Bangladesh Dental College, Dhaka (Bangladesh); Huh, Kyung Hoe; Yi, Won Jin; Heo, Min Suk; Lee, Sam Sun; Choi, Soon Chul [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2014-12-15

238

Experience with malignant tumours of the maxillary sinus in the Department of Otolaryngology Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur.  

Science.gov (United States)

Thirty one cases of malignant tumours of the maxillary sinus presenting to the Department of Otolaryngology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia over a four year period from 1982 to 1986 are reviewed. 18 cases (58.1%) were squamous cell carcinoma while seven cases (22.5%) were Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. There were four cases (12.0%) of adenoid cystic carcinoma while in two cases (6.5%) the tumours were undifferentiated. Presentation was generally late. Nasal obstruction, facial swelling and epistaxis were the main presenting symptoms. Nasal involvement was found in 61.3% of cases, while 51.6% had involvement of the palate as well. Metastasis to the cervical lymph node were uncommon (6.5%). Surgery and radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy were the main modes of treatment in the management of malignant tumours of the maxillary sinus. PMID:2626115

Lokman, S; Said, H; Hakim, J; Yusop, S

1989-03-01

239

Primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the maxillary sinus in an elderly male: A case report and literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET), which belongs to the Ewing's sarcoma (ES) family of tumors, is mainly seen in children and young adults. PNETs are extremely rare in the maxilla. Here, we report a case of PNET of the left maxillary sinus in an elderly male. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a slightly enhanced solid mass occupying the left maxillary sinus and infiltrating into the retroantral space. A partial maxillectomy was performed. Despite postoperative chemotherapy, follow-up computed tomography (CT) and MRI revealed a nodal metastasis in the submandibular space. Neck dissection was performed. However, the patient died 10 months after the second surgery because of distant metastasis to the liver. MRI and CT were particularly useful in detecting the extent of the tumor, recurrence, and metastasis. Further, a literature review of the previously reported PNET cases of the maxilla was carried out. In this paper, we also discuss the current approach for the diagnosis and management of these tumors.

240

Unusually large complex odontoma in maxillary sinus associated with unerupted tooth. Report of case and review of literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

An unusual case of a large complex odontoma with an associated impacted tooth is presented. Odontomas are hamartomatous growths of enamel, dentin, cementum and pulp tissue. Although they are usually tooth-sized or smaller, occasionally, the complex variant can exhibit considerable growth, as was seen in the case presented here. It occupied most of the maxillary sinus and displaced the floor of the orbit and the medial and posterior walls of the left maxillary sinus. Panoramic radiographs, as well as axial and coronal CT studies, showed the extent of the lesion in various dimensions. A differential diagnosis of various calcifying tumors was formulated on the basis of these findings. The lesion was surgically excised, and histologic analysis confirmed the radiographic impression. Although odontomas of this magnitude are rare, this case demonstrates the value of imaging, radiographic histopathologic diagnosis and surgical treatment planning prior to any definitive treatment. PMID:17891883

Singer, Steven R; Mupparapu, Muralidhar; Milles, Maano; Rinaggio, Joseph; Pisano, Dominic; Quaranta, Patrick

2007-01-01

241

Easy and Unbiased Determination of the Maxillary Sinus Volume / Fácil Determinación y sin Sesgo del Volumen del Seno Maxilar  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available La determinación del volumen del seno maxilar es necesaria en distintos procedimientos. En este estudio presentamos un método sencillo para la estimación del volumen del seno maxilar a partir de grupos de 3, 5 y 9 cortes coronales obtenidos mediante TC aplicando el método de Cavalieri combinado con [...] un muestreo sistemático y aleatorio de las imágenes evaluadas. Utilizamos 10 cráneos secos los cuales fueron sometidos a TC con cortes de 1mm de espesor a partir de cuyas imágenes se seleccionaron grupos de 3, 5 y 9 cortes coronales que involucraban al seno maxilar. El volumen real se determinó utilizando silicona adaptada a la cavidad del seno maxilar. El volumen estimado presentó una alta correlación con el volumen real, no encontrándose diferencias entre los grupos. Se concluye que es posible la estimación sin sesgo y con una elevada exactitud del volumen del seno maxilar a partir de un mínimo de 3 imágenes de TC obtenidas mediante muestreo sistemático y aleatorio con el método propuesto. Abstract in english Determining the volume of the maxillary sinus is necessary in certain procedures. We present a simple method for estimating the volume of the maxillary sinus from groups 3, 5 and 9 coronal CT scan using the Cavalieri method combined with systematic sampling and evaluated randomized images. We used 1 [...] 0 dry skulls submitted to the TC. The actual volume was determined using silicone adapted to the maxillary sinus cavity. The estimated volume showed a high correlation with real volume, with no differences between groups. We concluded that it is possible to estimate without bias and with high accuracy the volume of the maxillary sinus from a minimum of 3 CT images obtained through randomized systematic sampling and the proposed method.

Cesar, Coronado; Oscar, Arriagada; Iván, Suazo Galdames.

1375-13-01

242

Correlation of Fractal Dimension with Histomorphometry in Maxillary Sinus Lifting Using Autogenous Bone Graft  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar o padrão de remodelação óssea após levantamento de seio maxilar in humanos por meio de analise de dimensão fractal (FD) e histomorfometria. Além disso, a correlação entre FD e histomorfometria foi avaliada. Dezesseis [...] pacientes com edentulismo na região posterior da maxila foram relacionados para este estudo. Levantamento de seio maxilar foi realizado utilizando-se enxerto de osso autógeno coletado da região retro molar da mandíbula. Três radiografias panorâmicas digitais foram obtidas: antes da cirurgia (Grupo 1), imediatamente após o levantamento de seio (Grupo 2) e após 6 meses de cicatrização (Grupo 3) para analise de FD. Biopsias foram coletadas após 6 meses, processadas e submetidas para analise histológica e histomorfométrica. Os dados foram analisados utilizando-se o teste Shapiro-Wilk e ANOVA seguido pelo pós teste de Tukey (a=0.05). A fração de volume de ósseo neoformado para o osso trabecular (TB) e para a área medular (MA) foi mensurado como 65,75%±17,16% and 37,25±17,16%, respectivamente. Diferença significante na analise FD foi observada entre os grupos 1 e 3. Nenhuma diferença estatística foi encontrada para correlação entre FD e histomorfometria para TB e MA (p=0,84). Em conclusão, todas as análises realizadas foram efetivas em acessar o padrão de remodelação ósseo no seio maxilar, oferecendo informações complementares sobre cicatrização e previsibilidade de resultados. Não houve correlação entre FD e histomorfometria. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to determine the pattern of bone remodeling after maxillary sinus lifting in humans by means of fractal dimension (FD) and histomorphometric analysis. Therefore, the correlation between FD and the histomorphometric findings was e [...] valuated. Sixteen patients with posterior edentulous maxilla were enrolled in this study. Maxillary sinus lifting was performed using autogenous bone grafted from the mandibular retromolar area. Three direct digital panoramic radiographs were obtained: before surgery (Group 1), immediately postoperatively (Group 2) and after 6 months of healing (Group 3) for FD analysis. Biopsies were taken after 6 months, processed and submitted to histological and histomorphometric analysis. Data were analyzed by Shapiro-Wilk test and ANOVA test followed by a Tukey test (a=0.05). The bone volume fraction of newly trabecular bone (TB) and medullary area (MA) was measured as 62.75%±17.16% and 37.25±17.16%, respectively. Significant difference in FD analysis was measured between Group 1 and Group 3. No significant difference was found in the correlation between FD and histomorphometric analysis for TB and MA (p=0.84). In conclusion, all performed analyses were effective in assessing the bone-remodeling pattern in the maxillary sinus, offering complementary information about healing and predictable outcomes. There were no correlations between FD and histomorphometric analysis.

Rafael Scaf de, Molon; Wagner Nunes de, Paula; Rubens, Spin-Neto; Mario Henrique Arruda, Verzola; Guilherme Monteiro, Tosoni; Raphael Carlos Comelli, Lia; Gulnara, Scaf; Elcio Marcantonio, Jr.

2015-02-01

243

Dose escalation for maxillary sinus cancer using intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To determine the feasibility of dose escalation in radiotherapy for maxillary sinus cancer using intensity-modulated radiation therapy, and to compare the resulting dose distribution, dose-volume histogram, and TCP/NTCP data to those obtained with standard 3D conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) at our institution. Methods and Materials: Five cases of locally advanced or unresectable maxillary sinus cancer were selected for analysis. All patients had previously been treated with 3D conformal radiotherapy at our institution. With 3D-CRT, the prescription dose to the PTV was generally limited by the tolerance of the optic chiasm to approximately 54 Gy or slightly higher. The contralateral eye was always spared, while the ipsilateral eye was usually sacrificed. These cases were then replanned with an inverse planning algorithm developed at our institution which employs an iterative conjugate gradient search method to generate optimized intensity-modulated beams. Beam fluences were simulated using a multileaf collimator (MLC) with a 1.0 cm leaf width, or a mini-multileaf collimator (mini-MLC) with a 0.5 cm leaf width. Maximal dose escalation was attempted, again with the optic chiasm tolerance as the dose-limiting constraint. Attempts were made to spare the ipsilateral eye as well, where doing so did not preclude adequate coverage of the PTV. Dose distribution and dose-volume histogram data resulting from these attempts were then compared to those from 3D-CRT plans. Then compared to those from 3D-CRT plans. TCPs and NTCPs were calculated based upon available data and compared. The effect of using a mini-MLC versus a standard MLC was also compared. Results: In all five cases, dose escalation of 5 to 10 Gy above the prescription doses allowed by 3D-CRT plans was achieved. IMRT allowed for tighter conformation of isodose lines around the PTV and away from critical normal tissues, thereby permitting this dose escalation. The improved conformality of dose distributions was further demonstrated by the following: higher V95 values (percent of volume encompassed by the 95% isodose contour) for the PTV, with equivalent NTCPs for adjacent normal tissues; less underdosing of the PTV as visualized by superimposing isodose contours on CT images; and higher TCPs. Whereas the ipsilateral eye could not be spared in any instance with 3D conformal radiotherapy, IMRT allowed for such sparing in some cases without any compromise in PTV coverage by the prescription isodose. A mini-MLC allowed for optimal precision in critical normal tissue sparing in situations where the PTV was abutting several critical structures in close proximity to each other. Conclusion: Dose escalation in radiotherapy for maxillary sinus cancer is possible with IMRT, allowing for improved target coverage by the prescription isodose as well as better conformality of dose distribution vis-a-vis adjacent critical normal tissues as compared to 3D-CRT. Use of a mini-MLC maximizes the dosimetric gains that can be achieved with IMRT for this disease

244

Multiple IgG4-related sclerosing lesions in the maxillary sinus, parotid gland and nasal septum.  

Science.gov (United States)

IgG4-related sclerosing disease is recognized as a distinct clinicopathological entity. It is well known that this disease can occur in the salivary, lacrimal and pituitary glands, in the head and neck region. The nasal cavity is an extremely rare site of involvement of IgG4-related sclerosing disease. Herein is reported a case of multiple IgG4-related sclerosing lesions in the maxillary sinus, parotid gland and nasal septum. A 73-year-old Japanese man presented with nasal obstruction and tumors of the right maxillary sinus and parotid gland were detected, after which resections of these tumors were performed. One year after the last surgery, he noted swelling of the nasal septum, and the tumor was resected. These three tumors had similar histopathology, such as conspicuous fibrosclerotic changes with dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltration and occasional obliterative phlebitis. Immunohistochemistry indicated abundant IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltration and high ratios of IgG4-positive/IgG-positive plasma cells (>70%) in all three lesions. The diagnosis of multiple IgG4-related sclerosing lesions was made. The present case suggests that IgG4-related sclerosing lesion can occur in the maxillary sinus and nasal septum, and represents an extension of the spectrum of IgG4-related sclerosing disease. PMID:19712137

Ishida, Mitsuaki; Hotta, Machiko; Kushima, Ryoji; Shibayama, Masayuki; Shimizu, Takeshi; Okabe, Hidetoshi

2009-09-01

245

Structural features of facial skull and maxillary sinuses as predictors of complications in endodontic treatment of teeth of upper jaw  

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Full Text Available Endodontic treatment is considered to be one of the most common procedures in modern dentistry, which also leads to increase of the complications. Objective: to establish the anthropometric characteristics of the structure of the facial skull and maxillary sinus, determining the development of complications of the endodontic treatment of upper jaw. Materials and methods. Measurements have been performed on 105 three-dimensional CT scan of the head, 75 have been in the control group, 30 cases have got foreign bodies of the maxillary sinuses on the CT. Results. We have established the correlation between obtained anthropometrical parameters such as height and width of the face with the type of maxillary sinus pneumatization, also we have studied the critical thickness of the bone plate over the tooth root, which is the main predisposing factor in the development of complications. Conclusion. It is possible to form risk groups according to the type of the structure of the front-skeleton, for additional studies of further endodontic interventions that may reduce their frequency.

Lepilin A.M.

2012-09-01

246

Ewing’s sarcoma family of tumors of the maxillary sinus: a case report of multidisciplinary examination enabling prompt diagnosis  

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There have been approximately 10 reports in English literature of cases of Ewing’s sarcoma family of tumors (EFT) arising in the maxillary sinus. In this location, some tumors mimic EFT, and are more frequently encountered. Herein, we present an additional case of an EFT originating in the maxillary sinus. The patient was a 15-year-old boy complaining of a non-tender swelling of the left cheek. Laboratory tests showed no abnormalities. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass centered in the maxillary sinus with degeneration of the surrounding bones. Pathological examination along with flow cytometry and G-banding enabled the prompt diagnosis of EFT with the EWS/FLI1 fusion gene. The patient is planned to undergo chemotherapy. An origin in the head and neck and the presence of the typical EWS/FLI1, in conjunction with an opportunity for immediate treatment, may predict a relatively better prognosis for EFT in our case. PMID:25755803

Tajima, Shogo; Ohkubo, Aki; Yoshida, Matsumi; Koda, Kenji; Nameki, Ichirota

2015-01-01

247

More actors, different play: sphenoethmoid cell intimately related to the maxillary nerve canal and cavernous sinus apex.  

Science.gov (United States)

The sphenoid sinus is one of the most morphologically variable and surgically important structures of the skull base. Located below the sella turcica, neighbored by parasellar regions, such as the orbital apex, pterygopalatine fossa and lateral sellar region (cavernous sinus), it is clinically related to these and surgically relevant as corridor for various approaches. Moreover, at the sphenoethmoidal junction, important variations occur, most of these related to the presence of the Onodi cells and the intrasinusal protrusions of the optic nerve. That is why any identified and previously undescribed morphological variation at that level must be added to the well-established protocols, clinical and surgical. During a retrospective CT study of the sphenoid sinus anatomical features a previously unreported morphology was encountered and is reported here. It refers to a unilateral sphenoethmoid cell (SEC), Onodi-positive, not only overriding the superior aspect of the sphenoid but also its lateral side to get intimately related to the maxillary nerve. As that SEC expanded medially to the cavernous sinus apex, it altered the usual endosinusal morphological correlations and also added itself within the limits of the Mullan's triangle. It appears so that such postero-infero-lateral extended pneumatization of an Onodi cell alters the surgical landmarks and also can blur clinical pictures, by adding maxillary and pterygopalatine signs and symptoms. PMID:21892542

S?ndulescu, M; Rusu, M C; Ciobanu, Iulia Camelia; Ilie, Angela; Jianu, Adelina Maria

2011-01-01

248

Calvarial autogenous bone graft for maxillary ridge and sinus reconstruction for rehabilitation with dental implants  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Autogenous bone grafting is the gold-standard technique for bone augmentation procedures prior to implant placement. If the amount of available intraoral donor bone is insufficient, it is necessary to harvest bone graft from extraoral sites, such as calvaria. Although this technique is well established, only a few case reports show the histological analysis of the grafted bone at the moment of implant placement. This article reports the case of a 48-year-old female patient with a critical atrophic maxillary ridge reconstructed using autogenous calvarial bone graft prior to implant placement, with clinical and histological evaluation. Bone was collected under general anesthesia from the parietal bone. The outer cortical originated the bone blocks, and the medullar bone layer between was collected to be used in the sinus augmentation procedure, together with 5 of the bone blocks triturated. Six months after bone augmentation, 8 implants were placed in the grafted area and 2 biopsies were retrieved (anterior andthe posterior regions), allowing the visualization of the bone-remodeling process in the grafted areas. The patient had a stable recovery. Our results showed that although necrotic bone could still be seen in the outer layer of the grafted area, the interface between this necrotic bone and the already remodeled bone was consistent with biocompatibility. Two-year radiographic evaluation showed success of the grafts and the implants in supporting an esthetic and functionally stable prosthesis. Summarizing, calvarial bone grafts are a viable alternative for the attainment of adequate bone volume prior to implant placement.

Bastos, Alliny Souza; Spin-Neto, Rubens

2014-01-01

249

Ameloblastomas en la infancia localizados en el seno maxilar / Ameloblastomas of the maxillary sinus in children  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El ameloblastoma es un tumor odontogénico descrito como una lesión anatómicamente benigna y clínicamente persistente, que afecta a los huesos maxilares, principalmente a la mandíbula. No es frecuente en niños y los criterios de tratamiento quirúrgico en la infancia son controversiales, debido, en pa [...] rte, al riesgo de recurrencia cuando se practican métodos conservadores. Por otro lado, el tratamiento radical puede trastornar el crecimiento maxilofacial y provocar graves problemas estéticos y funcionales. Se describen 2 casos clínicos de niños con ameloblastomas monoquísticos localizados en el seno maxilar y tratados conservadoramente, los cuales después de 7 y 4 años, respectivamente, de seguimiento no han mostrado signos clínicos ni radiográficos de recurrencia tumoral. Abstract in english The ameloblastoma is an odontogenic tumor described as an anatomically benign and clinically persistent lesion affecting the jaws, especially the mandible. It is rare in children and the criteria for surgery in the childhood are controversial, partly due to the risk of recurrence when conservative m [...] ethods are practiced. On the other hand, a radical treatment can alter the maxillofacial growth and cause serious esthetic and functional problems. Two clinical cases of children with unicystic ameloblastoma located in the maxillary sinus and treated conservatively are described, who after 7 and 4 years of follow-up, respectively, showed no clinical and radiographic signs of tumor recurrence.

Carlos E., Zamora Linares.

2013-11-01

250

CLINICAL USE OF MODERN FLUOROQUINOLONES IN DENTAL IMPLANTATION AND MAXILLARY SINUS LIFTING  

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Full Text Available New fluoroquinolones like levofloxacine, with broad-spectrum of effect which is also active against anaerobic bacteria, is a prospective drug for the prevention of the inflammatory complications in implant dentistry and maxillary sinus augmentation. 34 patients have been selected for this study, including 16 women and 18 men aged 18-65. All the patients have been classified into the main and control groups. Patiens of the first group have been prescribed 500 mg of levofloxacine before and after the operation two times a day for 10 days. Patients of the control group have been treated with amocxicilline. In the control group, which has used amoxicilline, Streptococcus sanguis, Streptococcus salivarius and anaerobic bacteria have been identified. The amount of Prevotella intermedia is insignificant. The same picture has been found with Fusobacterium spp. The rate of Actinomyces spp. was insignificant over the whole period of study. Patients of the experimental group had a slightly different distribution of bacteria. On the 10th day after the operation in the main patient group no periodontal pathogenesis, which may cause inflammatory complications have been identified. During the early post-operative period no significant differences have been observed among the patients of both groups.

S.A. Novikov

2009-03-01

251

Treatment of advanced squamous carcinoma of the maxillary sinus by irradiation  

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Between 1959 and 1972, there were 23 patients with advanced squamous carcinoma of the maxillary sinus treated by radiation therapy as the only modality. Eighteen of these patients had not shown evidence of metastasis and were locally extensive being classified as T/sub 3-4/N0M0. They received 60-75 Gy (6000-7500 rad) in 6 to 7 1/2 weeks using an anterior portal with opposed lateral wedge pairs to give a homogenous dose. No treatment was given to the neck. Of 10 patients with tumors presenting in the suprastructures, six are living 5 years with no evidence of disease (NED), one is dead of intercurrent disease, one died of metastatic disease with no evidence of tumor at the primary site, and two died of recurrent primary tumor. With suprastructure presentation, radiation therapy as a sole treatment was able to control the primary tumor in eight out of 10 patients. It is concluded that in extensive tumors of suprastructure, radiation may be the only modality required to control the primary tumor (80%). In the infrastructure, radiation has failed in 75% of the patients so that surgery may also be required as a planned part of treatment in order to control the primary tumor. Metastatic disease accounted for three of the 10 deaths as a result of tumor

252

Late injury of the eye after conformation radiotherapy for carcinoma of the maxillary sinus  

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Late injury of the eye after radiotherapy for 26 patients with carcinoma of the maxillary sinus was discussed. The conformation technique, a kind of improved rotational technique, was used as the method for radiotherapy. The eyes were shielded by a tungsten- or zinc-rod during irradiation. On the healthy-sided eye, which had received a total dose of 1000-1100 rads/6 weeks (max. 1460 rads/6 weeks), no impairment of vision was seen. On the ill-sided eye given a dose of more than 6000 rads/6 weeks, severe panophthalmopathy with corneal ulceration was observed within 1 year after irradiation. Serious deterioration of visual acuity alway occurred 1.5-2 years after on irradiation of the level of 4000 rads/6 weeks. At present the weakening of visual acuity is unlikely to occur after a dose of less than 3000 rads/6 weeks to the lens. From these results it is recommended that the total dose of the eye be reduced to less than 3000 rads/6 weeks. (author)

253

Postoperative Radiotherapy for Maxillary Sinus Cancer: Long-Term Outcomes and Toxicities of Treatment  

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Purpose: To determine the effects of three changes in radiotherapy technique on the outcomes for patients irradiated postoperatively for maxillary sinus cancer. Methods and Materials: The data of 146 patients treated between 1969 and 2002 were reviewed. The patients were separated into two groups according to the date of treatment. Group 1 included 90 patients treated before 1991 and Group 2 included 56 patients treated after 1991, when the three changes were implemented. The outcomes were compared between the two groups. Results: No differences were found in the 5-year overall survival, recurrence-free survival, local control, nodal control, or distant metastasis rates between the two groups (51% vs. 62%, 51% vs. 57%, 76% vs. 70%, 82% vs. 83%, and 28% vs. 17% for Groups 1 and 2, respectively). The three changes were to increase the portals to cover the base of the skull in patients with perineural invasion, reducing their risk of local recurrence; the addition of elective neck irradiation in patients with squamous or undifferentiated histologic features, improving the nodal control, distant metastasis, and recurrence-free survival rates (64% vs. 93%, 20% vs. 3%, and 45% vs. 67%, respectively; p < 0.05 for all comparisons); and improving the dose distributions within the target volume, reducing the late Grade 3-4 complication rates (34% in Group 1 vs. 8% in Group 2, p = 0.014). Multivariate analysis revealed advancing age, the need for enucleation, and positive margin need for enucleation, and positive margins as independent predictors of worse overall survival. The need for enucleation also predicted for worse local control. Conclusion: The three changes in radiotherapy technique improved the outcomes for select patients as predicted. Despite these changes, little demonstrable overall improvement occurred in local control or survival for these patients and additional work must be done

254

Neoadjuvant intra-arterial chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy and surgery in patients with advanced maxillary sinus cancer  

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The optimal treatment of advanced maxillary sinus cancer has been challenging for several decades. Intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) for head and neck cancer has been controversial. We have analyzed the long-term outcome of neoadjuvant IAC followed by radiation therapy (RT) and surgery. Twenty-seven patients with advanced maxillary sinus cancer were treated between 1989 and 2002. Five-fluorouracil (5-FU, 500 mg/m2) was infused intra-arterially, and followed by RT (total 50.4 Gy/28 fractions). A planned surgery was performed 3 to 4 weeks after completion of IAC and RT. At a median follow-up of 77 months (range, 12 to 169 months), the 5-year rates of overall survival in all patients were 63%. The 5-year rates of overall survival of stage T3/T4 patients were 70.0% and 58.8%, respectively. Seven of fourteen patients with disease recurrence had a local recurrence alone. The 5-year actuarial local control rates in patients with stage T3/T4, and in all patients were 20.0%, 32.3%, and 27.4%, respectively. Overall response rate after the completion of IAC and RT was 70.3%. During the follow-up, seven patients (25.9%) showed mild to moderate late complications. The tumor extent (i.e., the involvement of either orbit and/or base of skull) appeared to be related with local recurrence. Neoadjuvant IAC with 5-FU followed by RT and surgery may be effective to improve local tumor control in the patients with advanced maxillary sinus cancer. However, local failure was still the major cause of death. Further investigations are required to determine the optimal treatment schedule, radiotherapy techniques and chemotherapy regimens.

255

Neoadjuvant intra-arterial chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy and surgery in patients with advanced maxillary sinus cancer  

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The optimal treatment of advanced maxillary sinus cancer has been challenging for several decades. Intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) for head and neck cancer has been controversial. We have analyzed the long-term outcome of neoadjuvant IAC followed by radiation therapy (RT) and surgery. Twenty-seven patients with advanced maxillary sinus cancer were treated between 1989 and 2002. Five-fluorouracil (5-FU, 500 mg/m2) was infused intra-arterially, and followed by RT (total 50.4 Gy/28 fractions). A planned surgery was performed 3 to 4 weeks after completion of IAC and RT. At a median follow-up of 77 months (range, 12 to 169 months), the 5-year rates of overall survival in all patients were 63%. The 5-year rates of overall survival of stage T3/T4 patients were 70.0% and 58.8%, respectively. Seven of fourteen patients with disease recurrence had a local recurrence alone. The 5-year actuarial local control rates in patients with stage T3/T4, and in all patients were 20.0%, 32.3%, and 27.4%, respectively. Overall response rate after the completion of IAC and RT was 70.3%. During the follow-up, seven patients (25.9%) showed mild to moderate late complications. The tumor extent (i.e., the involvement of either orbit and/or base of skull) appeared to be related with local recurrence. Neoadjuvant IAC with 5-FU followed by RT and surgery may be effective to improve local tumor control in the patients with advanced maxillary sinus cancer. However, local failure was still the major cause of death. Further investigations are required to determine the optimal treatment schedule, radiotherapy techniques and chemotherapy regimens.

Kim, Won Tae; Kim, Yong Kan; Lee, Ju Hye; Kim, Dong Hyun; Park, Dahl; Cho, Kyu Sup; Kim, Dong Won [Pusan National University Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Nam, Ji Ho; Roh, Hwan Jung [Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Yangsan (Korea, Republic of)

2013-09-15

256

[New data on nasal morphology and morphological structure of paranasal sinuses].  

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The authors summarize the results of investigations of specific anatomical features of paranasal sinuses in more than 12,000 subjects. The patients with suspected cerebral pathology and lesions in the paranasal sinuses were examined using computed tomography. Structural variants of ethmoid bone and ethmoidal labyrinth, nasal septum, maxillary, frontal, and sphenoidal sinuses are described. The morphometric analysis revealed the zonal relationship between different structures of nasal mucosa and the new variants of regulatory structures in the cavernous sinus vessels. PMID:21378728

Piskunov, S Z; Kharchenko, V V

2011-01-01

257

Accuracy of panoramic radiographs in determining the relationship of posterior root apices and maxillary sinus floor by Cone-Beam CT  

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Full Text Available   Background and Aims: It is crucial to verify the relationship between root apices and maxillary sinus floor in some surgical procedures like extraction and implant placement or in orthodontic movements like intrusion. Protrusion of roots into the sinus increases the risk of post extraction pneumatization which in turn decreases the available bone at the implant or denture sites. The aim of this study was to determine the panoramic radiology accuracy for defining the relationship between posterior root apices and the maxillary sinus floor by Cone Beam CT (CBCT.   Materials and Methods: Paired panoramic radiographs and CBCT images of 117 subjects were examined. 452 posterior maxillary roots including second premolar, first and second molar were classified by the means of the relationship with maxillary sinus floor. CBCT was used as Gold standard method, and the agreement of panoramic findings with CBCT was examined statistically. Data were analyzed using Chi-square and Multiple logistic regressions.   Results: Agreement of the panoramic and CBCT results were seen in 57.7% of all cases. Roots which had no contacts with the sinus floor (class 0 showed a high agreement of 89.5% between two imaging techniques. Roots in contact with sinus floor (class 1 showed 58.8 % and cases with root protrusion into sinus cavity (class 3, 4 showed 50% of agreement (P<0.001. Also in 36% of cases with no protrusion into the sinus cavity (class 0, 1, 2, panoramic showed protrusion. The agreement for the premolar was higher than molars (P<0.001   Conclusion: The majority of roots which their images were projected on the sinus cavity had no vertical protrusion in CBCT cuts. Considering the results, in these cases CBCT can be recommended.

Hoorieh Bashizadeh Fakhar

2014-06-01

258

Sinusitis  

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... more information on enabling JavaScript. Sinusitis Skip Content Marketing Share this: Main Content Area Credit: NIAID Your ... says you have sinusitis. What Is Sinusitis? "Sinusitis" simply means your sinuses are inflamed?red and swollen? ...

259

Avaliação do recesso lacrimal do seio maxilar: estudo anatômico Evaluation of the lacrimal recess of the maxillary sinus: an anatomical study  

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Full Text Available Arelação anatômica entre seio maxilar e ducto lacrimonasal adquiriu maior importância com o advento das microcirugias e cirurgias nasossinusais assistidas por endoscopia e pelo crescente uso da endoscopia nasal na realização das meatotomias médias e dacriocistorrinostomiastransnasais. Não foram encontrados relatos de classificação do seio maxilar quanto ao seu recesso lacrimal, tampouco sua frequência. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a frequência do recesso lacrimal do seio maxilar em peças anatômicas dissecadas. MÉTODO: Foram avaliadas 31 partes de hemicabeças de cadáveres. Procedeu-se à dissecção da área correspondente ao terço médio da face, por acesso lateral, para que se pudesse observar a posição da porção mais lateral do ducto lacrimonasal em relação ao seio maxilar. Os seios maxilares foram avaliados, por dois examinadores simultaneamente, chegando ao consenso do tipo de ducto lacrimonasal. RESULTADOS: Foram encontrados 18 seios maxilares do tipo lateral (58,1% e 13 do tipo anterior (41,9%. A diferença entre a frequência de seios maxilares do tipo anterior nos lados direito (35,7% e esquerdo (47,1% não mostrou significância estatística (p = 0,524. CONCLUSÃO: Observou-se frequência de 41,9% de recessos lacrimais nos seios maxilares.The anatomical relation between the maxillary sinus and the nasolacrimal duct has gained greater importance with the advent of microsurgeries and endoscopic-assisted sinonasal procedures, and the growing use of endonasal surgery to perform middle meatus procedures and transnasal dacryocystorhinostomy. We did not find reports on maxillary sinus classification concerning its lacrimal recess, nor how often it is found. OBJECTIVE: To assess how frequent the lacrimal recess can be found in the maxillary sinuses of dissected anatomical specimens. METHOD: We assessed 31 half-heads from cadavers. We dissected the area corresponding to the middle third of the face, by lateral access so as to be able to observe the most lateral portion of the nasolacrimal duct vis-à-vis the maxillary sinus.The maxillary sinuses were assessed by two examiners simultaneously, getting to a consensus in relation to the type of nasolacrimal duct. RESULTS: We assessed 18 maxillary sinuses of the lateral type (58.1% and 13 anterior sinuses (41.9%. The difference in frequency of the anterior type of maxillary type of the right side (35.7% and left (47.1% did not have statistical significance (p = 0.524. CONCLUSION: We found a frequency of 41.9% of lacrimal recesses in the maxillary sinuses.

Paulo de Lima Navarro

2013-02-01

260

Avaliação do recesso lacrimal do seio maxilar: estudo anatômico / Evaluation of the lacrimal recess of the maxillary sinus: an anatomical study  

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Full Text Available Arelação anatômica entre seio maxilar e ducto lacrimonasal adquiriu maior importância com o advento das microcirugias e cirurgias nasossinusais assistidas por endoscopia e pelo crescente uso da endoscopia nasal na realização das meatotomias médias e dacriocistorrinostomiastransnasais. Não foram enco [...] ntrados relatos de classificação do seio maxilar quanto ao seu recesso lacrimal, tampouco sua frequência. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a frequência do recesso lacrimal do seio maxilar em peças anatômicas dissecadas. MÉTODO: Foram avaliadas 31 partes de hemicabeças de cadáveres. Procedeu-se à dissecção da área correspondente ao terço médio da face, por acesso lateral, para que se pudesse observar a posição da porção mais lateral do ducto lacrimonasal em relação ao seio maxilar. Os seios maxilares foram avaliados, por dois examinadores simultaneamente, chegando ao consenso do tipo de ducto lacrimonasal. RESULTADOS: Foram encontrados 18 seios maxilares do tipo lateral (58,1%) e 13 do tipo anterior (41,9%). A diferença entre a frequência de seios maxilares do tipo anterior nos lados direito (35,7%) e esquerdo (47,1%) não mostrou significância estatística (p = 0,524). CONCLUSÃO: Observou-se frequência de 41,9% de recessos lacrimais nos seios maxilares. Abstract in english The anatomical relation between the maxillary sinus and the nasolacrimal duct has gained greater importance with the advent of microsurgeries and endoscopic-assisted sinonasal procedures, and the growing use of endonasal surgery to perform middle meatus procedures and transnasal dacryocystorhinostom [...] y. We did not find reports on maxillary sinus classification concerning its lacrimal recess, nor how often it is found. OBJECTIVE: To assess how frequent the lacrimal recess can be found in the maxillary sinuses of dissected anatomical specimens. METHOD: We assessed 31 half-heads from cadavers. We dissected the area corresponding to the middle third of the face, by lateral access so as to be able to observe the most lateral portion of the nasolacrimal duct vis-à-vis the maxillary sinus.The maxillary sinuses were assessed by two examiners simultaneously, getting to a consensus in relation to the type of nasolacrimal duct. RESULTS: We assessed 18 maxillary sinuses of the lateral type (58.1%) and 13 anterior sinuses (41.9%). The difference in frequency of the anterior type of maxillary type of the right side (35.7%) and left (47.1%) did not have statistical significance (p = 0.524). CONCLUSION: We found a frequency of 41.9% of lacrimal recesses in the maxillary sinuses.

Paulo de Lima, Navarro; Almiro José, Machado Júnior; Agrício Nubiato, Crespo.

2013-02-01

261

Endoscopically assisted procedure for removal of a foreign body from the maxillary sinus and contemporary endodontic surgical treatment of the tooth  

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There have been reports on the migration of teeth or implants into the maxillary sinus. We know of only one report on the migration of a gutta-percha point that had been used to fill a root canal into the ethmoid sinus. We report such a case treated with an endoscopically assisted procedure for removal of the foreign body and contemporary endodontic surgical treatment of the tooth. PMID:17090337

Costa, Fabio; Robiony, Massimo; Toro, Corrado; Sembronio, Salvatore; Politi, Massimo

2006-01-01

262

Endoscopically assisted procedure for removal of a foreign body from the maxillary sinus and contemporary endodontic surgical treatment of the tooth  

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Abstract There have been reports on the migration of teeth or implants into the maxillary sinus. We know of only one report on the migration of a gutta-percha point that had been used to fill a root canal into the ethmoid sinus. We report such a case treated with an endoscopically assisted procedure for removal of the foreign body and contemporary endodontic surgical treatment of the tooth.

Sembronio Salvatore; Toro Corrado; Robiony Massimo; Costa Fabio; Politi Massimo

2006-01-01

263

Endoscopically assisted procedure for removal of a foreign body from the maxillary sinus and contemporary endodontic surgical treatment of the tooth  

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Full Text Available Abstract There have been reports on the migration of teeth or implants into the maxillary sinus. We know of only one report on the migration of a gutta-percha point that had been used to fill a root canal into the ethmoid sinus. We report such a case treated with an endoscopically assisted procedure for removal of the foreign body and contemporary endodontic surgical treatment of the tooth.

Sembronio Salvatore

2006-11-01

264

Osteoma of the Medial Wall of the Maxillary Sinus: A Primary Cause of Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction and Review of the Literature  

OpenAIRE

A 74-year-old male patient presented to the outpatient department with left-sided epiphora and chronic dacryocystitis, without any history of head trauma or previous nasal or paranasal sinuses surgery. No abnormalities were noted at the time with the use of nasal endoscopy. The computed tomography scan however revealed an osteoma of the medial wall of the left maxillary sinus. An endonasal endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) with osteoma removal by using a drill with temporary silicone ste...

Athanasios Saratziotis; Enzo Emanuelli

2014-01-01

265

A novel approach revealing the effect of a collagenous membrane on osteoconduction in maxillary sinus floor elevation with ?-tricalcium phosphate  

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Full Text Available Calcium phosphates are used in maxillary sinus floor elevation (MSFE procedures to increase bone height prior to dental implant placement. Whether a collagenous barrier membrane coverage of the lateral window affects bone formation within a bone substitute augmentation is currently an important matter of debate, since its benefit has not been irrefutably proven. Therefore, in this clinical study twelve patients underwent an MSFE procedure with ?-tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP. The lateral window was either left uncovered, or covered with a resorbable collagenous barrier membrane. After a 6-months healing period, bone biopsies were retrieved during implant placement. Consecutive 1 mm regions of interest of these biopsies were assessed for bone formation, resorption parameters, as well as bone architecture using histology, histomorphometry and micro-computed tomography. Comparable outcomes between the groups with and without membrane were observed regarding osteoconduction rate, bone and graft volume, osteoclast number and structural parameters of newly formed bone per region of interest. However, osteoid volume in grafted maxillary sinus floors without membrane was significantly higher than with membrane. In conclusion, our results – obtained with a novel method employed using 1 mm regions of interest – demonstrate that the clinical application of a bioresorbable collagenous barrier membrane covering the lateral window, after an MSFE procedure with ?-TCP, was not beneficial for bone regeneration and even decreased osteoid production which might lead to diminished bone formation in the long run.

EAJM Schulten

2013-03-01

266

Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for carcinoma of the maxillary sinus: A comparison of IMRT planning systems  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The treatment of maxillary sinus carcinoma with forward planning can be technically difficult when the neck also requires radiotherapy. This difficulty arises because of the need to spare the contralateral face while treating the bilateral neck. There is considerable potential for error in clinical setup and treatment delivery. We evaluated intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) as an improvement on forward planning, and compared several inverse planning IMRT platforms. A composite dose-volume histogram (DVH) was generated from a complex forward planned case. We compared the results with those generated by sliding window fixed field dynamic multileaf collimator (MLC) IMRT, using sets of coplanar beams. All setups included an anterior posterior (AP) beam, and 3-, 5-, 7-, and 9-field configurations were evaluated. The dose prescription and objective function priorities were invariant. We also evaluated 2 commercial tomotherapy IMRT delivery platforms. DVH results from all of the IMRT approaches compared favorably with the forward plan. Results for the various inverse planning approaches varied considerably across platforms, despite an attempt to prescribe the therapy similarly. The improvement seen with the addition of beams in the fixed beam sliding window case was modest. IMRT is an effective means of delivering radiotherapy reliably in the complex setting of maxillary sinus carcinoma with neck irradiation. Differences in objective function definition and optimizatioective function definition and optimization algorithms can lead to unexpected differences in the final dose distribution, and our evaluation suggests that these factors are more significant than the beam arrangement or number of beams

267

Equine and porcine bone substitutes in maxillary sinus augmentation: a histological and immunohistochemical analysis of VEGF expression.  

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The aim of this work was to investigate the morphological structure and the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) after maxillary sinus augmentation through equine and porcine bone substitutes in humans. Ten patients showing edentulous posterior maxilla underwent maxillary sinus augmentation through particulate equine bone substitute and 10 patients through particulate porcine bone substitute. At the moment of implants insertion, 6 months after grafting, bone specimens were withdrawn and processed for morphological and immunohistochemical analyses. Notwithstanding the almost comparable clinical performances of both bone substitutes, histological results showed a better integration when an equine bone substitute was used compared to a porcine one. In particular, evident signs of particles resorption were observed in equine bone substitute group specimens compared to porcine ones. Immunohistochemical analysis showed a statistically significant increase of VEGF expression in equine compared to porcine bone substitute group specimens. These results showed both bone substitutes to achieve comparable clinical performance, indicating their successful use for bone regenerative procedures. However, in the same experimental time, equine group specimens showed evident resorption phenomena, whereas no or little signs of resorption were evident in the porcine group specimens. However, a more rapid and intense vascularization was achieved in equine bone substitute group, as demonstrated by immunohistochemical analysis for VEGF expression. Even if differences in vascularization significantly affect the clinical performance of a heterologous bone substitute, its ability to be resorbed is also very important in influencing long-term integration and long-term predictability of implant-prosthetic rehabilitation in regenerated sites. PMID:24820710

Tetè, Stefano; Zizzari, Vincenzo Luca; Vinci, Raffaele; Zara, Susi; Di Tore, Umberto; Manica, Marco; Cataldi, Amelia; Mortellaro, Carmen; Piattelli, Adriano; Gherlone, Enrico

2014-05-01

268

A novel approach revealing the effect of a collagenous membrane on osteoconduction in maxillary sinus floor elevation with ?-tricalcium phosphate.  

Science.gov (United States)

Calcium phosphates are used in maxillary sinus floor elevation (MSFE) procedures to increase bone height prior to dental implant placement. Whether a collagenous barrier membrane coverage of the lateral window affects bone formation within a bone substitute augmentation is currently an important matter of debate, since its benefit has not been irrefutably proven. Therefore, in this clinical study twelve patients underwent an MSFE procedure with ?-tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP). The lateral window was either left uncovered, or covered with a resorbable collagenous barrier membrane. After a 6-months healing period, bone biopsies were retrieved during implant placement. Consecutive 1 mm regions of interest of these biopsies were assessed for bone formation, resorption parameters, as well as bone architecture using histology, histomorphometry and micro-computed tomography. Comparable outcomes between the groups with and without membrane were observed regarding osteoconduction rate, bone and graft volume, osteoclast number and structural parameters of newly formed bone per region of interest. However, osteoid volume in grafted maxillary sinus floors without membrane was significantly higher than with membrane. In conclusion, our results - obtained with a novel method employed using 1 mm regions of interest - demonstrate that the clinical application of a bioresorbable collagenous barrier membrane covering the lateral window, after an MSFE procedure with ?-TCP, was not beneficial for bone regeneration and even decreased osteoid production which might lead to diminished bone formation in the long run. PMID:23529785

Schulten, Engelbert A J M; Prins, Henk-Jan; Overman, Janice R; Helder, Marco N; ten Bruggenkate, Christiaan M; Klein-Nulend, Jenneke

2013-01-01

269

Alphamimetic effects at the nasal mucosa in the MR tomogram  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The effect of xylometazolin spray (OTRIVEN) on the nasal mucosa was tested on persons with and without clinical signs of rhinitis and sinusitis. MRI is an excellent means to show the decongestive effect. The reaction is chiefly seen at the inferior and middle nasal concha and becomes manifest in a few minutes. No significant effect is noticeable at the maxillary sinus mucosa and infiltrated ethmoidal sinus. Generally, it is possible to show and examine the pharmacological effects that change the size and the liquid consistency of organs. (orig.)

270

Radiation Therapy of the Maxillary Sinus Lymphoma-A Case Report and Review of Literature-  

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Malignant lymphoma of the sinus is very rare but potentially radiocurable neoplasm. The disease is tend to be localized to the sinus and spread to adjacent local structure on initial presentation, and change to generalized lymphoma is uncommon. Most of sinus lymphoma is diffuse histiocytic type. Radiotherapy to the primary and neck nodes is the treatment of choice, and a survival rate of 50-70% can be expected

271

Sinusitis  

Science.gov (United States)

Sinusitis means your sinuses are inflamed. The cause can be an infection or another problem. Your sinuses ... and cause pain. There are several types of sinusitis, including Acute, which lasts up to 4 weeks ...

272

Análise microbiológica em secreção de seio maxilar nos pacientes com rinossinusite crônica / Maxillary sinuses microbiology from patients with chronic rhinosinusitis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Não existem dados definitivos e consistentes sobre a real distribuição dos microorganismos presentes em pacientes com Rinossinusite Crônica (RSC). A variabilidade dos resultados de estudos em RSC deve-se às diferentes técnicas utilizadas como método de coleta, variações nos métodos de cultura, uso p [...] révio de antibiótico, dificuldade de se distinguir agentes colonizadores e patogênicos. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Clínico-prospectivo. OBJETIVO: Estudar a incidência dos microrganismos presentes nos pacientes com RSC na nossa região, através da cultura da secreção do seio maxilar, coletada sob visão endoscópica. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal em 62 pacientes com RSC, submetidos à coleta de secreção de seio maxilar por via endoscópica, com material enviado para cultura para diagnóstico microbiológico. RESULTADOS: Das 62 amostras estudadas, em 33 (53,2%) não houve crescimento de microrganismos; 29 (45,2%) apresentaram isolamento de aeróbios; um caso (1,6%) mostrou crescimento de fungo; não houve o isolamento de microrganismos anaeróbios. Pseudomonas aeruginosa foi isolada com maior frequência - em 8 amostras (27,6%), Staphylococcus aureus e Staphylococcus epidermidis em 4 amostras cada um (13,9%), Streptococcus pneumoniae em 3 amostras (10,4%), outros Gram-negativos em 17 amostras (31%). CONCLUSÃO: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, outras bactérias Gram-negativas e Staphylococcus spp constituíram a microbiota predominante nos seios paranasais de pacientes com RSC. Abstract in english There isn't definitive and consistent data concerning the distribution of bacterial species in patients with Chronic Sinusitis (CS). The variability of the results from studies in CS may be due to the different techniques used as collection method, variations in culture methods, previous antibiotic [...] use, and difficulty in distinguishing bacterial flora from pathogenic agents. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical prospective. AIM: To identify the incidence of microorganisms in patients with CRS by growing bacteria from the secretion of the maxillary sinus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study in 62 patients that had undergone FESS for treatment of chronic sinusitis; cultures from the maxillary sinus were obtained. RESULTS: 62 samples, 33 (53.2%) had no growth; 29 (45.2%) counts of aerobic bacteria; one case (1.6%) of fungus growth; we did not find anaerobic bacteria. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the one more frequently found - 8 samples (27.6%), Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis in 4 samples each; Streptococcus pneumoniae in 3 samples (10.4%); other Gram negative agents in 17 samples (31%). CONCLUSION: In the present study we concluded that Pseudomonas aeruginosa, other Gram negatives bacteria and Staphylococcus spp were the representatives of the bacterial flora found in the paranasal sinuses of patients with CS.

Karina, Mantovani; Andréia Alessandra, Bisanha; Ricardo Cassiano, Demarco; Edwin, Tamashiro; Roberto, Martinez; Wilma Terezinha, Anselmo-Lima.

2010-10-01

273

Positron Emission Tomography-CT, CT, and MR Imaging Findings of Tumor-Mimicking Organized Hematoma in the Maxillary Sinus: Two Case Reports  

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Here in, we report two cases of organized hematoma in the maxillary sinus mimicking inverted papilloma. These cases presented as heterogeneously enhancing, expansible masses on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, and also evidenced mild uneven hypermetabolism on positron emission tomography-computed tomography. Organized hematoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of inverted papilloma.

Park, Ju Young; Lee, In Ho; Song, Chang Sun; Kim, Song Sun [Dept. of Radiology, Chungnam National Hospital, Chungnam University School of Medicine, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Kyung Hee [Dept. of Pathology, Chungnam National Hospital, Chungnam University School of Medicine, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2011-08-15

274

Multidisciplinary therapy consisting of minimally invasive resection, irradiation, and intra-arterial infusion of 5-fluorouracil for resectable T3/T4 maxillary sinus carcinomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Current goals for the treatment of maxillary sinus carcinoma include preservation of vision, eating, communication, and appearance as well as cure. 121 Japanese patients who presented with maxillary sinus carcinoma between 1979 and 2005 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 77 males and 44 females, with a median age of 63 years. All patients underwent multimodality therapy including surgery through a sublabial incision, radiotherapy, and intra-arterial chemotherapy. The regional lymph nodes were treated only in patients with neck involvement. Mean follow-up period was 79 months. The 5-year overall survival rates and local control rates were 73% and 72%, respectively. The 5-year local control rates for patients with T2 lesions were 71%; for patients with T3 lesions, 88%; and for patients with T4a lesions, 60%; and for patients with T4b lesions, 56%. In patients with squamous cell carcinoma, the 5-year local control rates were 76%. In patients with non-squamous cell carcinoma, the 5-year local control rates were 54%. There was significant difference in local control rates among these groups. Control of the primary site is important in the curative treatment of maxillary sinus carcinoma. Combined therapy with conservative surgery, radiotherapy, and regional chemotherapy is an effective method for maxillary sinus carcinoma. (author)

275

Tratamiento implantológico de la zona posterior del maxilar superior: Elevación del seno maxilar / Implant treatment in the posterior maxilla: The maxillary sinus graft  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La rehabilitación del sector posterior del maxilar superior con implantes osteointegrados frecuentemente presenta problemas debido a una disponibilidad ósea vertical insuficiente causada por la presencia del seno maxilar. Para solucionar la falta de altura ósea, se hace necesario realizar procedimie [...] ntos destinados a aumentar la cantidad de hueso en este área, tal como la colocación de injertos óseos dentro del seno, procedimiento conocido como elevación del seno maxilar. El objetivo de esta revisión de la literatura es presentar un análisis detallado de los factores relacionados con esta técnica, desde la anatomía del seno maxilar, la historia, la descripción e indicación de las técnicas, el uso de materiales de relleno, hasta las distintas situaciones que influyen en el éxito del tratamiento y que por lo tanto constituyen factores de riesgo al realizar este procedimiento. Abstract in english The rehabilitation of the posterior maxilla with osseointegrated implants often presents some difficult situations caused by a deficit in osseous height due to the presence of the maxillary sinus. To solve this lack of height, it has been proposed to graft the maxillary sinus in order to gain bone i [...] n a vertical direction, in such a way that implants can be placed. The aim of this literature review is to analyse factors related to the maxillary sinus bone graft, from anatomy of the maxillary sinus, background, description and indication of the technique, filling materials, until risk factors influencing the success of the procedure.

Manuel, Barrachina Mataix; Gustavo, Cabello Domínguez; Gema, Olmos Sanz; David, González Fernández.

2002-02-01

276

Sinus lifting before Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy: a suitable method for oral rehabilitation of edentulous patients with skelettal class-III conditions: review of the literature and report of a case  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Functional rehabilitation of patients afflicted with severe mandibular and maxillary alveolar atrophy might be challenging especially in malformed patients. Methods Treatment planning using sinus lifting and implant placement before Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy in a patient with severe mandibular and posterior maxillary alveolar atrophy and skelettal class-III conditions due to cleft palate are described. Results A full functional and esthetic rehabilitation of the patient was achieved by a stepwise surgical approach performed through sinus lifting as the primary approach followed by implant placement and subsequent Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy to correct the maxillo-mandibular relation. Conclusion Stabilisation of the maxillary complex by a sinus lifting procedure in combination with computer aided implant placement as preorthodontic planning procedure before Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy seems to be suitable in order to allow ideal oral rehabilitation especially in malformed patients.

Meyer Ulrich

2007-01-01

277

Quantitative analyses of maxillary sinus using computed tomography / Análise quantitativa dos seios maxilares por meio da tomografia computadorizada  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a precisão e acurácia de medidas lineares da região de seio maxilar realizadas em filmes tomográficos, por meio de comparação com a reconstrução da imagem em 3D. Medidas lineares de ambos os seios maxilares foram realizadas em tomografias computadorizadas (2D-TC [...] ) de 17 pacientes, normais e com lesão, por dois examinadores, calibrados, separadamente, duas vezes cada um, utilizando um compasso. Um terceiro observador realizou as mesmas medidas eletronicamente na reconstrução 3D-TC. ANOVA (análise de variância) foi utilizado para análise estatística. A porcentagem de erro intra-examinadores foi pequena em ambos os casos, com ou sem lesão, variando de 1,14% a 1,82%. O erro inter-examinadores foi maior alcançando o valor de 2,08% .O erro percentual de acurácia nas amostras com lesão foram maiores comparando-as às que não tinham lesão. A tomografia computadorizada em 2D-TC (Em filmes e estação de trabalho independente) proporcionou precisão e acurácia adequadas para análise dos seios maxilares. "O erro foi maior no caso de seios maxilares com lesão,comparando aos lados sem lesão, tanto inter quanto intra-examinadores, sem alterar, porém, a eficácia do método." Abstract in english The aim of this study was to evaluate the precision and accuracy of linear measurements of maxillary sinus made in tomographic films, by comparing with 3D reconstructed images. Linear measurements of both maxillary sinus in computed tomography CT of 17 patients, with or without lesion by two calibra [...] ted examiners independently, on two occasions, with a single manual caliper. A third examiner has done the same measurements electronically in 3D-CT reconstruction. The statistical analysis was performed using ANOVA (analyses of variance). Intra-observer percentage error was little in both cases, with and without lesion; it ranged from 1.14% to 1.82%. The inter-observer error was a little higher reaching a 2.08% value. The accuracy presented a higher value. The perceptual accuracy error was higher in samples, which had lesion compared to that which had not. CT had provided adequate precision and accuracy for maxillary sinus analyses. The precision in cases with lesion was considered inferior when compared to that without lesion, but it can't affect the method efficacy.

Andréia, Perella; Sara dos Santos, Rocha; Marcelo de Gusmão Paraiso, Cavalcanti.

2003-09-01

278

Studies on serum protein fractions of patients with maxillary sinus cancer undergoing a combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy  

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39 cases of maxillary sinus cancer were treated with combined intra-arterial infusion of bleomycin and external irradiation of 60Co?-ray. Serum protein fractions in the sera of 39 cases of maxillary sinus cancer were examined through the radial immunodiffusion method, 1) before radiation treatment was given, 2) at the completion of radiation therapy and 3) after radiation therapy, ranging from 1 month to 36 months. The sera obtained from patients with maxillary sinus cancer before treatment had concentrations of: ?1-acid glycoprotein (?1AG), ?1-antitrypsin (?1AT), ?1-chymotrypsin (?1X), haptoglobin (Hp), ceruloplasmin (Cp), ?1C/A glycoprotein (C3), hemopexin (Hx), IgG and of IgA which were elevated compared with those of normal controls: However, the serum concentrations of: prealbumin (Prealb), albumin (Alb), transferrin (Tf), ?2-macroglobulin (?2M), HS-glycoprotein (?2HS) and of IgM were reduced significantly. At the completion of radiation therapy, the concentrations of: Prealb, Tf, ?1AG, ?1X, Hx, C3, IgG, IgA and of IgM rose slightly as compared with levels before radiation therapy, and the concentrations of Alb, of ?2HS and of ?1AT were reduced. However, there was no significant difference between the former and the latter data. In patients who died within 12 monthts who died within 12 months after treatment, the Prealb, Alb, Tf, ?2HS, and IgM levels examined before radiation therapy were reduced and the ?1AG level was elevated compared with those who had lived more than 13 months. The Prealb, Alb, Tf, and IgM levels, after radiation therapy were reduced; while the ?1AG, Hp, and ?1X levels were elevated. In patients who had lived more than 13 months, after treatment, concentrations of Prealb, of Alb, of Tf, of C3, of Hx, of IgG, of IgA and of IgM rose before and after radiation therapy, compared with those who died within 12 months. (author)

279

Definitive radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy for T3-4N0 squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus and nasal cavity  

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The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of definitive radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy for T3-4 squamous cell carcinoma of maxillary sinus and nasal cavity. Forty-two patients with T3-4N0 squamous cell carcinoma of maxillary sinus (n=30) and nasal cavity (n=12) received definitive radiotherapy. Chemotherapy was used in 34 patients and elective neck irradiation was not used. The 5-year overall survival/local control rates were 34%/29% for maxillary sinus cancer and 50%/52% for nasal cavity cancer. For maxillary sinus cancers, a performance status of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group ?2 (P=0.012), biologically equivalent dose <68 Gy (P=0.011) and no use of chemotherapy (P=0.037) were significant worse predictors for overall survival on log-rank analysis. Biologically equivalent dose <68 Gy was independently associated with poor local control (hazard ratio, 3.32; 95% confidence interval, 1.38-7.97; P=0.007) and overall survival (hazard ratio, 2.94; 95% confidence interval, 1.23-7.01; P=0.015). Regional recurrence occurred in only 1 of 30 patients with maxillary sinus cancer and 4 of 12 patients with nasal cavity. Two radiation necrosis in brain, one osteoradionecrosis, and one retinopathy and optic neuropathy occurred. The treatment outcome was poor and local control was a major problem. High radiation dose, effective chemotherapy and elective neck irradiation for advanced nasal cavity cancers may improve disease control. (author)rs may improve disease control. (author)

280

Bilateral SUNCT syndrome associated to chronic maxillary sinus disease / Síndrome SUNCT de ocorrência bilateral associada a sinusopatia maxilar crônica  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A síndrome SUNCT (short lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with conjuntival injection and tearing) é definida como curtos ataques de dor periorbital unilateral, acompanhada de lacrimejamento e hiperemia conjuntival ipsilateral. Apresentamos um raro caso de SUNCT com dor bilateral com evolução [...] de cinco anos e iniciado após uma infecção de seio maxilar que evoluiu para sinusite crônica. Esta associação foi descrita em poucos casos de SUNCT, porém pouco esclarecida. O paciente era um homem de 58 anos que preencheu um diário de dor que demonstrou o típico padrão circadiano da síndrome, com pioras matinais e vespertinas, e apresentou melhora com uso de gabapentina. Submetido a cirurgia endoscópica funcional em seio maxilar e evoluiu com modulação da dor, sugerindo um potencial efeito benéfico após tratamento da sinusopatia.Na revisão de literatura encontramos 21 casos de SUNCT bilateral, cinco dos quais apresentavam história de sinusite; no entanto, a relação entre as duas entidades permanece ainda incerta. Abstract in english SUNCT syndrome (short lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with conjuntival injection and tearing) is defined as short attacks of periorbital unilateral pain and accompanied by ipsilateral lacrimation and redness of the same eye. We present an unusual SUNCT case with bilateral pain that started [...] five years ago after an acute maxillary sinus infection that evolved to chronic sinusitis. This association has been described in few SUNCT cases, but its causal role remains uncertain. The patient was a 58 years old man that fulfilled a headache diary that showed the usual circadian pattern, worsening in the morning and afternoon, and responded to treatment with gabapentina. He was submitted to a functional endoscopic sinus surgery and evolved with milder pain. In a review of 21 patients, 5 had a past medical history of sinusitis, but the causal role of this association remained uncertain.

Denis Bernardi, Bichuetti; Wellington Yugo, Yamaoka; João Ricardo Parrela, Bastos; Deusvenir de Souza, Carvalho.

2006-06-01

281

Bilateral SUNCT syndrome associated to chronic maxillary sinus disease Síndrome SUNCT de ocorrência bilateral associada a sinusopatia maxilar crônica  

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Full Text Available SUNCT syndrome (short lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with conjuntival injection and tearing is defined as short attacks of periorbital unilateral pain and accompanied by ipsilateral lacrimation and redness of the same eye. We present an unusual SUNCT case with bilateral pain that started five years ago after an acute maxillary sinus infection that evolved to chronic sinusitis. This association has been described in few SUNCT cases, but its causal role remains uncertain. The patient was a 58 years old man that fulfilled a headache diary that showed the usual circadian pattern, worsening in the morning and afternoon, and responded to treatment with gabapentina. He was submitted to a functional endoscopic sinus surgery and evolved with milder pain. In a review of 21 patients, 5 had a past medical history of sinusitis, but the causal role of this association remained uncertain.A síndrome SUNCT (short lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with conjuntival injection and tearing é definida como curtos ataques de dor periorbital unilateral, acompanhada de lacrimejamento e hiperemia conjuntival ipsilateral. Apresentamos um raro caso de SUNCT com dor bilateral com evolução de cinco anos e iniciado após uma infecção de seio maxilar que evoluiu para sinusite crônica. Esta associação foi descrita em poucos casos de SUNCT, porém pouco esclarecida. O paciente era um homem de 58 anos que preencheu um diário de dor que demonstrou o típico padrão circadiano da síndrome, com pioras matinais e vespertinas, e apresentou melhora com uso de gabapentina. Submetido a cirurgia endoscópica funcional em seio maxilar e evoluiu com modulação da dor, sugerindo um potencial efeito benéfico após tratamento da sinusopatia.Na revisão de literatura encontramos 21 casos de SUNCT bilateral, cinco dos quais apresentavam história de sinusite; no entanto, a relação entre as duas entidades permanece ainda incerta.

Denis Bernardi Bichuetti

2006-06-01

282

Complementary role of MR imaging of ethmomaxillary sinus disease depicted at CT in cystic fibrosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To assess whether MR imaging can improve characterization of ethmomaxillary opacification diagnosed at CT in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) in order to select patients that may benefit from functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Material and methods: Sixty-two CF patients (26 females and 36 males) aged 4-50 years (median 20 years) with ethmomaxillary sinus disease at CT underwent MR examination of the paranasal sinuses (coronal T1 and STIR sequences). FESS had been performed in 28 of the patients prior to this study. MR signal intensities were interpreted as mucosal thickening or infectious material, according to a previous study. Results: Three major maxillary sinus MR patterns could be distinguished: Air-filled, oval-shaped pus-filled, and streaky-shaped pus-filled sinus lumen. For air-filled maxillary sinuses with mucosal thickening, CT and MR imaging were diagnostically equivalent. Where CT showed homogeneous opacification of the maxillary sinuses, MR imaging differentiated between thickened mucosa and pus-filled areas. Patients who had undergone FESS most commonly had air-filled or streaky-shaped pus-filled maxillary sinus lumen. In non-operated patients oval-shaped pus-filled sinus lumen was most common and could occur without ethmoid disease. Conclusion: MR imaging of the paranasal sinuses can differentiate between infectious material and thickened mucosa and should be used to select CF patients with pus-filled areas that can be eradicated with FESS areas that can be eradicated with FESS

283

Complementary role of MR imaging of ethmomaxillary sinus disease depicted at CT in cystic fibrosis  

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To assess whether MR imaging can improve characterization of ethmomaxillary opacification diagnosed at CT in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) in order to select patients that may benefit from functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Material and methods: Sixty-two CF patients (26 females and 36 males) aged 4-50 years (median 20 years) with ethmomaxillary sinus disease at CT underwent MR examination of the paranasal sinuses (coronal T1 and STIR sequences). FESS had been performed in 28 of the patients prior to this study. MR signal intensities were interpreted as mucosal thickening or infectious material, according to a previous study. Results: Three major maxillary sinus MR patterns could be distinguished: Air-filled, oval-shaped pus-filled, and streaky-shaped pus-filled sinus lumen. For air-filled maxillary sinuses with mucosal thickening, CT and MR imaging were diagnostically equivalent. Where CT showed homogeneous opacification of the maxillary sinuses, MR imaging differentiated between thickened mucosa and pus-filled areas. Patients who had undergone FESS most commonly had air-filled or streaky-shaped pus-filled maxillary sinus lumen. In non-operated patients oval-shaped pus-filled sinus lumen was most common and could occur without ethmoid disease. Conclusion: MR imaging of the paranasal sinuses can differentiate between infectious material and thickened mucosa and should be used to select CF patients with pus-filled areas that can be eradicated with FESS.

Eggesboe, H.B.; Stiris, M. [Aker Hospital, Oslo (Norway). Dept. of Radiology; Doelvik, S. [Univ. of Oslo (Norway). Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology; Soevik, S. [Univ. of Oslo (Norway). Inst. of Physiology; Storroesten, O.T. [Ullevaal Hospital, Oslo (Norway). Dept. of Paediatrics; Kolmannskog, F. [Sentrum Roentgeninstitutt, Oslo (Norway)

2001-03-01

284

Keratocystic odontogenic tumor invading the maxillary sinus: a case report of collaborative surgery between an oral surgeon and an otorhinolaryngologist.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a case of keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT) in a 21-year-old female patient. The patient was referred to our clinic from a dental clinic for the radical treatment of recurrent KCOT in the maxilla. She had undergone conservative drainage surgery twice at that clinic.The tumor was cystic and covered with a bony capsule, which extended high into the maxillary sinus. A pinhole fistula, which was created during a previous surgery, was identified in the gingivobuccal sulcus. The whole tumor was successfully removed using a bidirectional approach from the fistula and from the antrostomy in the middle meatus. This report shows that the intimate collaboration between an otorhinolaryngologist and an oral surgeon could provide a minimally invasive, and at the same time, radical surgical treatment for certain kinds of tumor in the head and neck region. We also recommend the introduction of endoscopic surgeries by the oral surgeon. PMID:25501756

Kunihiro, Takanobu; Kawana, Hiromasa; Kodaka, Rie; Oba, Toshihiko

2014-12-01

285

Combined therapy with surgery, radiation and chemotherapy for T3-T4 squamous cell carcinoma of maxillary sinus. National Cancer Center Hospital East experience  

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Since 1960's, many institutes treated carcinoma of maxillary sinus with combined therapy: surgery, radiation, and intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy in Japan. On the other hands, surgery followed by radiation or chemoradiation is the standard option of treatment for sinonasal carcinoma in western countries. This study reports the NCCHE's 14-year experience with maxillary squamous cell cancer, treated with surgical resection followed by radiation, or trimodal combination therapy. Eighty-seven previously untreated, T3-T4 status patients with squamous cell carcinoma of maxillary sinus underwent treatment at our division. During the average follow-up period of 85.9 months, the 5-year overall survival and local control rate were 47.3% and 60%, respectively. The 5-year overall survival among the patients had T3 and T4a tumor were 59.0% and 51.6%. However, all patients with T4b tumor died, their median survival time was 9.1 months. Almost all patients had T3 and T4b were treated with trimodal therapy, a third patient of T4a status underwent treatment with surgery followed by radiation. There was no difference in overall survival according to treatment in T4a patients. We should consider the other approach for treatment, like superselective high-dose cisplatin infusion with concomitant radiotherapy in patients with advanced cancer of maxillary sinus in future. (author)

286

Histological evaluation of healing after transalveolar maxillary sinus augmentation with bioglass and autogenous bone  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate histologically the outcome of a bioglass and autogenous bone (at 1 : 1 ratio) composite implantation for transalveolar sinus augmentation. METHODS: In 31 patients, during implant installation ca. 4 months after sinus augmentation, biopsies were harvested through the transalveolar osteotomy by means of a trephine bur and non-decalcified sections through the long axis of the cylinder were produced. After a strict selection process, taking into account the presurgical residual bone height and biopsy length, 8 and 15 biopsies representing the new tissues formed inside the sinus and the transalveolar osteotomy, respectively, qualified for analysis. The tissue fractions occupied by newly formed bone (mineralized tissue+bone marrow), soft connective tissue, residual biomaterial+empty spaces, and debris inside the sinus cavity or the transalveolar osteotomy were estimated. RESULTS: Bone and connective tissue fraction in the newly formed tissues inside the sinus cavity averaged 23.4 ± 13.2% and 54.1 ± 23.5%, respectively. Residual biomaterial, empty spaces, and debris averaged 1.9 ± 3.5%, 10.5 ± 6.3%, and 8.4 ± 14.5%, respectively. In the transalveolar osteotomy, bone and connective tissue fraction averaged 41.6 ± 14.3% and 46.1 ± 13%, respectively, while the amount of residual biomaterial, empty spaces, and debris was 2.8 ± 5%, 4.7 ± 1.9%, and 3.2 ± 2.6%, respectively. Statistically significant differences between the sinus cavity and the transalveolar osteotomy were found only for bone and empty spaces' values (P=0.02 and 0.04, respectively). CONCLUSION: Sinus augmentation with a bioglass and autogenous bone composite is compatible with bone formation that, in a short distance from the floor of the sinus, shows similar density as that reported previously for other commonly used bone substitutes. New bone fraction inside the transalveolar osteotomy was almost twice as much as in the sinus cavity, while the amount of residual biomaterial was much less than that inside the sinus.

Stavropoulos, Andreas; Sima, Catalin

2012-01-01

287

Estudio Morfométrico del Seno Maxilar Mediante Tomografías Computadorizadas: Evaluación de la Reconstrucción Total de Piso Sinusal Morphometric Study of Maxillary Sinus by Computed Tomography: Assessment of Sinus Floor Bone Reconstruction  

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Full Text Available La rehabilitación con implantes dentales en maxila posterior es compleja debido a la presencia del seno maxilar con sus diferentes variaciones anatómicas; el objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar el volumen óseo intrasinusal necesario para realizar la instalación de uno o mas implantes dentarios sin invadir la membrana sinusal. En 22 cráneos fueron evaluados 40 senos maxilares mediante tomografías computadorizadas (TC realizando mediciones en los cortes axiales, coronales y sagitales. Se clasificaron los senos maxilares según el remanente de hueso alveolar y se instalo un implante de forma virtual en el lugar del primer molar superior, mediante el software implant view. Con estas medidas volumétricas finales se estableció las indicaciones reconstructivas intra sinusales a partir de los sitios donantes intrabucales mas frecuentemente evaluados en la literatura mundial. El grupo I (1mm a 4mm de reborde alveolar remanente presentaba déficit óseo de hasta 1,98cm3, el grupo II (4mm a 7mm presentaba déficit de 1,06cm3; el grupo III (7mm a 10mm presentaba un déficit de 0,67 cm3; a partir de estos resultados podemos concluir que los sitios intrabucales pueden ser utilizados en la mayoría de los grupo estudiados, incluyendo las reconstrucciones bilaterales.Rehabilitation with dental implants in posterior maxilla is difficult because of the presence of maxillary sinus with anatomical variations. The aim of this research was to evaluate the sinus volume to install one or more implants without invading the sinus membrane. Forty (40 maxillary sinuses were evaluated in 22 skulls by computed tomography measuring in the axial, coronal and sagittal slice. The sinus were classified according to the remaining alveolar bone and a dental implant in the place of the upper first molar was virtually installed by implant view software. With this final volumetric measurement the surgical indications were established for inlay reconstruction from intra oral donor sites frequently evaluated in world literature. Group I (1mm to 4mm of alveolar ridge showed a bone deficit of 1.98 cm3, group II (4mm to 7mm showed a deficit of 1.06 cm3; group III (7mm to 10mm showed a 0.67 cm3 deficit. In view of these results we concluded that intra oral donor site can be used for the three study groups and in some cases in bilateral reconstruction.

Paulo Hemerson de Moraes

2012-06-01

288

Estudio Morfométrico del Seno Maxilar Mediante Tomografías Computadorizadas: Evaluación de la Reconstrucción Total de Piso Sinusal / Morphometric Study of Maxillary Sinus by Computed Tomography: Assessment of Sinus Floor Bone Reconstruction  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available La rehabilitación con implantes dentales en maxila posterior es compleja debido a la presencia del seno maxilar con sus diferentes variaciones anatómicas; el objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar el volumen óseo intrasinusal necesario para realizar la instalación de uno o mas implantes dentarios s [...] in invadir la membrana sinusal. En 22 cráneos fueron evaluados 40 senos maxilares mediante tomografías computadorizadas (TC) realizando mediciones en los cortes axiales, coronales y sagitales. Se clasificaron los senos maxilares según el remanente de hueso alveolar y se instalo un implante de forma virtual en el lugar del primer molar superior, mediante el software implant view. Con estas medidas volumétricas finales se estableció las indicaciones reconstructivas intra sinusales a partir de los sitios donantes intrabucales mas frecuentemente evaluados en la literatura mundial. El grupo I (1mm a 4mm de reborde alveolar remanente) presentaba déficit óseo de hasta 1,98cm3, el grupo II (4mm a 7mm) presentaba déficit de 1,06cm3; el grupo III (7mm a 10mm) presentaba un déficit de 0,67 cm3; a partir de estos resultados podemos concluir que los sitios intrabucales pueden ser utilizados en la mayoría de los grupo estudiados, incluyendo las reconstrucciones bilaterales. Abstract in english Rehabilitation with dental implants in posterior maxilla is difficult because of the presence of maxillary sinus with anatomical variations. The aim of this research was to evaluate the sinus volume to install one or more implants without invading the sinus membrane. Forty (40) maxillary sinuses wer [...] e evaluated in 22 skulls by computed tomography measuring in the axial, coronal and sagittal slice. The sinus were classified according to the remaining alveolar bone and a dental implant in the place of the upper first molar was virtually installed by implant view software. With this final volumetric measurement the surgical indications were established for inlay reconstruction from intra oral donor sites frequently evaluated in world literature. Group I (1mm to 4mm of alveolar ridge) showed a bone deficit of 1.98 cm3, group II (4mm to 7mm) showed a deficit of 1.06 cm3; group III (7mm to 10mm) showed a 0.67 cm3 deficit. In view of these results we concluded that intra oral donor site can be used for the three study groups and in some cases in bilateral reconstruction.

Paulo Hemerson, de Moraes; Marcelo Victor Omena Caldas, Costa; Sergio, Olate; Paulo Henrique Ferreira, Caria; José Ricardo de Albergaria, Barbosa.

2012-06-01

289

The use of injectable sonication-induced silk hydrogel for VEGF165 and BMP-2 delivery for elevation of the maxillary sinus floor  

OpenAIRE

Sonication-induced silk hydrogels were previously prepared as an injectable bone replacement biomaterial, with a need to improve osteogenic features. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF165) and bone morphogenic protein-2 (BMP-2) are key regulators of angiogenesis and osteogenesis, respectively, during bone regeneration. Therefore, the present study aimed at evaluating in situ forming silk hydrogels as a vehicle to encapsulate dual factors for rabbit maxillary sinus floor augmentation. So...

Zhang, Wenjie; Wang, Xiuli; Wang, Shaoyi; Zhao, Jun; Xu, Lianyi; Zhu, Chao; Zeng, Deliang; Chen, Jake; Zhang, Zhiyuan; Kaplan, David L.; Jiang, Xinquan

2011-01-01

290

Maxillary sinus augmentation using different grafting materials and osseointegrated dental implants in monkeys. Part II. Evaluation of porous hydroxyapatite as a grafting material.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to evaluate clinically, histologically and histometrically the use of porous hydroxyapatite (i.e. Interpore-200) as a bone grafting material for maxillary sinus augmentation procedures. In 4 adult male rhesus monkeys (i.e. Macaca mulatta) the 1st, 2nd and 3rd maxillary molars on one side of the jaws were extracted and the remaining bone between the alveolar crest and the bottom of the sinus was reduced to 3-4 mm. After 3 months, maxillary sinus augmentation procedures were performed on one side of the jaws in each monkey, and the sinuses grafted with the porous hydroxyapatite. Two IMZ titanium plasma-sprayed cylinder implants were then immediately placed into the augmented sinus (i.e. simultaneous implants-loaded group). After 4 months, 2 additional similar implants were placed into the previously augmented sinuses (i.e. delayed implants-loaded group). Four months later, the abutment connection was performed and all 4 implants were loaded with a gold-alloy bridge for 6 months (i.e. until sacrifice). The contralateral side of each monkey received the same treatment with the exception that the extractions were performed 7 months after those in the opposite side and that the implants in this side were not loaded. Thus, 2 additional study groups (i.e. simultaneous implants-unloaded group and delayed implants-unloaded group) were obtained. Clinically, all loaded implants were stable at the day of sacrifice. Histologic analysis demonstrated a significant amount of new bone formation in the augmented sinuses. Porous hydroxyapatite graft particles appeared to be integrated to the new bone. The percentage of direct mineralized bone-to-implant contact in the augmented area was greater on the delayed-placed implants than on the simultaneously-placed implants. Also, the percentage of direct mineralized bone-to-implant contact was greater in the residual bone than in the augmented area. It was concluded that this porous hydroxyapatite bone graft enhanced bone formation and bone-to-implant contact in the augmented sinuses and that the delayed implant placement in combination with the sinus augmentation procedure appears to result in a higher percentage of direct mineralized bone-to-implant contact. PMID:9580408

Quiñones, C R; Hürzeler, M B; Schüpbach, P; Kirsch, A; Blum, P; Caffesse, R G; Strub, J R

1997-12-01

291

Volumetric changes of the graft after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone in different ratios : a radiographic study in minipigs  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Objective: The objective of the present study was to learn about the volumetric changes of the graft after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone from the iliac crest or the mandible in different ratios in minipigs. Material and methods: Bilateral maxillary sinus floor augmentation was performed in 40 minipigs with: (A) 100% autogenous bone, (B) 75% autogenous bone and 25% Bio-Oss, (C) 50% autogenous bone and 50% Bio-Oss, (D) 25% autogenous bone and 75% Bio-Oss, and (E) 100% Bio-Oss. The autogenous bone graft was harvested from the iliac crest or the mandible and the graft composition was selected at random and placed concomitant with implant placement. Computed tomographies of the maxillary sinuses were obtained preoperatively, immediately postoperatively, and at euthanasia after 12 weeks. The volumetric changes of the graft were estimated using the Cavalieri principle and expressed as mean percentage with a 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: The mean volume of the graft was reduced by (A) 65% (95% CI: 60-70%), (B) 38% (95% CI: 35-41%), (C) 23% (95% CI: 21-25%), (D) 16% (95% CI: 12-21%), and (E) 6% (95% CI: 4-8%). The volumetric reduction was significantly influenced by the ratio of Bio-Oss and autogenous bone (P

Jensen, Thomas; Schou, SØren

2012-01-01

292

Volumetric changes of the graft after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone in different ratios: a radiographic study in minipigs  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Objective: The objective of the present study was to learn about the volumetric changes of the graft after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone from the iliac crest or the mandible in different ratios in minipigs. Material and methods: Bilateral maxillary sinus floor augmentation was performed in 40 minipigs with: (A) 100% autogenous bone, (B) 75% autogenous bone and 25% Bio-Oss, (C) 50% autogenous bone and 50% Bio-Oss, (D) 25% autogenous bone and 75% Bio-Oss, and (E) 100% Bio-Oss. The autogenous bone graft was harvested from the iliac crest or the mandible and the graft composition was selected at random and placed concomitant with implant placement. Computed tomographies of the maxillary sinuses were obtained preoperatively, immediately postoperatively, and at euthanasia after 12 weeks. The volumetric changes of the graft were estimated using the Cavalieri principle and expressed as mean percentage with a 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: The mean volume of the graft was reduced by (A) 65% (95% CI: 60-70%), (B) 38% (95% CI: 35-41%), (C) 23% (95% CI: 21-25%), (D) 16% (95% CI: 12-21%), and (E) 6% (95% CI: 4-8%). The volumetric reduction was significantly influenced by the ratio of Bio-Oss and autogenous bone (P

Jensen, Thomas; Schou, SØren

2012-01-01

293

Effect of LCD monitor type and observer experience on diagnostic performance in soft-copy interpretations of the maxillary sinus on panoramic radiographs  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of liquid crystal display (LCD) monitor type and observer experience on the diagnostic performance in soft-copy interpretations of maxillary sinus inflammatory lesions on panoramic radiographs. Ninety maxillary sinuses on panoramic images were grouped into negative and positive groups according to the presence of inflammatory lesions, using CT for confirmation. Monochrome and color LCDs were used. Six observers participated and ROC analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic performance. The reading time, fatigue score, and inter-/intra-observer agreements were assessed. The interpretation of maxillary sinus inflammatory lesions was affected by the LCD monitor type used and by the experience of the observer. The reading time was not significantly different, however the fatigue score was significantly different between two LCD monitors. Inter-observer agreement was relatively good in experienced observers, while the intra-observer agreement for all observers was good with monochrome LCD but not with color LCD. The less experienced observers showed lowered diagnostic ability with a general color LCD.

294

Effect of LCD monitor type and observer experience on diagnostic performance in soft-copy interpretations of the maxillary sinus on panoramic radiographs  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of liquid crystal display (LCD) monitor type and observer experience on the diagnostic performance in soft-copy interpretations of maxillary sinus inflammatory lesions on panoramic radiographs. Ninety maxillary sinuses on panoramic images were grouped into negative and positive groups according to the presence of inflammatory lesions, using CT for confirmation. Monochrome and color LCDs were used. Six observers participated and ROC analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic performance. The reading time, fatigue score, and inter-/intra-observer agreements were assessed. The interpretation of maxillary sinus inflammatory lesions was affected by the LCD monitor type used and by the experience of the observer. The reading time was not significantly different, however the fatigue score was significantly different between two LCD monitors. Inter-observer agreement was relatively good in experienced observers, while the intra-observer agreement for all observers was good with monochrome LCD but not with color LCD. The less experienced observers showed lowered diagnostic ability with a general color LCD.

Kim, Tae Young; Choi, Jin Woo; Lee, Sam Sun; Huh, Kyung Hoe; Yi, Won Jin; Heo, Min Suk; Choi, Soon Chul [School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2011-03-15

295

Benign neurilemmoma in the infratemporal fossa involving maxillary sinus and pterygopalatine fossa  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Neurilemmoma is a benign tumor of the nerve sheath that arises on cranial and spinal nerve roots as well as along the course of peripheral nerves. A case of a neurilemmoma that arose in the left infratemporal fossa of a 29- year-old male was presented. Plain radiographs, enhanced computed tomography scan, and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a large, well-circumscribed, heterogeneously enhanced mass with extension into the pterygopalatine fossa. Displaced by the large mass, bowing-in of the posterior maxillary antral wall was noted and a provisional diagnosis of a benign soft tissue tumor was made. The mass was completely excised and a diagnosis of neurilemmoma was confirmed.

Choi, Jin Woo; Heo, Min Suk; Lee, Jin Koo; Yi, Won Jin; Lee, Sam Sun; Choi, Soon Chul [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); An, Chang Hyeon [Kyungpook National University College of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

2004-12-15

296

Evaluation of radiotherapy after incomplete surgery in patients with carcinoma of the maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The retrospective analysis of 57 patients with cancer of the maxillary antrum irradiated after incomplete surgery was performed is described. The majority of patients had very advanced disease (54% T4 tumors). In 18 patients partial resection of maxillary antrum was performed: 39 patients underwent total maxillectomy. In 35 patients macroscopic residual tumor (MRT) was present after surgery. All patients were irradiated postoperatively with 60Co teletherapy and received a dose of 60 Gy in 20-30 fractions over 4-6 weeks. Five year symptom-free survival in the whole group was 35%. An analysis of pattern of relapses indicates that histology should be regarded as an important factor of management. In keratinizing squamous cell cancer, local control remains the main problem. In patients with nonkeratinizing squamous cell cancer, both local and regional control is important and elective irradiation of neck nodes may be of value. In patients with undifferentiated cancer, distant metastases appear to have the greatest impact on survival

297

Relative area measurement of maxillary sinus by computed tomography / Mensuração da área relativa do seio maxilar por meio da tomografia computadorizada  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar a área relativa do seio maxilar em maxila desdentada posterior quanto à área linear, presença de septos ósseos e sinusopatias. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo longitudinal retrospectivo de exames tomográficos em 60 indivíduos entre 35 e 75 anos e como critério de inclusão, a [...] maxila posterior desdentada uni ou bilateralmente. As medições foram realizadas pelo programa em 101 seios maxilares. As medidas horizontais e verticais de cada seio foram multiplicadas e resultaram em área linear em mm². RESULTADOS: Dos 101 seios maxilares avaliados, 14 apresentaram sinusopatias (13,86%) e 22 (21,78%) com septos ósseos. A média mesio distal foi de 38,4 mm (p ? 0,05), a altura média de 34, 5 mm (p ? 0,05) e área linear média de 1335,88 mm² (p = 0,05). Foi aplicado o teste t de Student e análise de variância (ANOVA) para análise estatística. Não houve diferenças estatísticas significantes na altura e largura dos seios maxilares desdentados entre os gêneros, mas houve uma variação da área linear bem como a constatação da presença de septos ósseos e sinusopatias. CONCLUSÃO: A conclusão deste trabalho corrobora com estudos anteriores sobre a necessidade dos exames por imagem com a finalidade de obter informações quanto as dimensões do seio maxilar norteando a quantidade de material de enxertia bem como a escolha da região doadora, a presença de septos orientando a técnica de levantamento de seio e a presença de sinusopatias que implica em tratamento prévio à cirurgia de enxertos. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relative area of the maxillary sinus in edentulous posterior maxilla with regard to linear area, bone septa and sinus pathologies. METHODS: A retrospective longitudinal study was conducted of tomographic exams in 60 individuals between 35 and 75 years of age, with th [...] e inclusion criteria being the uni- or bilateral edentulous posterior maxilla. Measurements were taken by the program in 101 maxillary sinuses. The horizontal and vertical measurements of each sinus were multiplied and resulted in a linear area in mm2. RESULTS: Of the 101 maxillary sinuses evaluated, 14 presented sinus pathologies (13.86%) and 22 (21.78%) with bone septa. The mean mesio distal distance was 38.4 mm (p ? 0.05), mean height 34. 5 mm (p ? 0.05) and mean linear area of 1335.88 mm² (p = 0.05). The Student's-t and analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests were applied for statistical analysis There were no statistically significant difference in the height and width of the edentulous maxillary sinuses between genders, but there was a variation in the linear area and the finding of the presence of bone septa and sinus pathologies. CONCLUSION: The conclusion of this study corroborates those of previous study about the need for imaging exams with the purpose of obtaining information about the dimensions of the maxillary sinus, as guidance with regard to the quantity of graft material, choice of donor region, and presence of septa. These data serve as guidance in the sinus lift technique and the presence of sinus pathologies, which involve treatment before bone graft surgeries.

Ronaldo Andrade Figueiredo de, OLIVEIRA; Maria Cristina, PEDRAZINI; Thomaz, WASSALL.

2014-06-01

298

Report of a rare case of carcinosarcoma of the maxillary sinus with sternal metastasis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Carcinosarcoma is a highly aggressive and infiltrative tumor. A finding of this tumor in a paranasal sinus is exceedingly rare. We describe the case of a 61-year-old man who presented with a mass on the left side of his face. The mass was excised via a total maxillectomy with a modified radical neck dissection. Histologic analysis identified a mixture of carcinomatous and sarcomatous components. Within 1 month of surgery, the patient developed a sternal metastasis, and he died within a short period of time. The aggressive nature of this tumor and its metastases demand early diagnosis and prompt treatment. PMID:24932822

Cheong, Jack P; Rahayu, Sri; Halim, Abdul; Khir, Abdullah; Noorafidah, Din

2014-06-01

299

Primary combined neuroendocrine and squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus: report of a case with immunohistochemical and molecular characterization.  

Science.gov (United States)

Neuroendocrine neoplasms represent a rare subset of tumors in the sinonasal tract. Combined tumors, with an endocrine and a non-neuroendocrine component, are exceedingly rare, and mainly consist of a combination of neuroendocrine carcinoma with adenocarcinomas. We present the clinico-pathologic and immunohistochemical features of a neuroendocrine carcinoma combined with squamous cell carcinoma, arising in the maxillary sinus. In addition, we evaluated the clonal origin of the two components through analysis of TP53 gene status. Both components were positive for cytokeratins AE1/AE3, while the squamous cell carcinoma was positive for cytokeratin 5/6 and p63, and the neuroendocrine carcinoma showed immunoreactivity for neuron specific enolase, chromogranin, synaptophysin and CD56. In situ hybridization for human papilloma virus and Epstein-Barr virus were negative in both components. A missense mutation in TP53 exon 7 (c.734G>C) and strong nuclear immunostaining for p53 were detected only in the neuroendocrine carcinoma. This suggests that the tumor either derived from one precursor cell with squamous differentiation, which underwent TP53 mutation and acquisition of a neuroendocrine phenotype, or it derived from two separate clones, one with mutated TP53 and neuroendocrine differentiation, and the other with wild type TP53 and squamous differentiation (collision tumor). PMID:24327102

Franchi, Alessandro; Rocchetta, Davide; Palomba, Annarita; Innocenti, Duccio Rossi Degli; Castiglione, Francesca; Spinelli, Giuseppe

2015-03-01

300

Squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus and the oral part of the upper jaw. Comparison of treatment results  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The treatment results were compared in 77 patients with maxillary sinus squamous cell carcinoma (MC) and 53 patients with squamous cell carcinoma arising from the oral part of the upper law (OC). Both sets of patients received radiotherapy alone, or radiotherapy combined with surgery and/or chemotherapy. Computerized tomography was useful for the definition of the treatment volume. Intraarterial chemotherapy was given in 89 of 130 patients and in these patients the total radiation dose was reduced by about 10 Gy. No difference was found in the 5-year survival rate between the MC (65%) and the OC (66%) groups. The cumulative incidence of local failure was higher in MC (36%) than in OC (26%), whereas the ultimate incidence of neck node metastasis was higher in OC (43%) than in MC patients (18%). Half of the inoperable patients (9/18) were older than 80 years and had contraindications to anaesthesia and major surgery. The local recurrence rate was high in the inoperable MC patients (6/8). Contralateral simus cancers occurred in 4 patients in the MC group. (orig.)

301

The foramen and infraorbital nerve relating to the surgery for external access to the maxillary sinus (CALDWELL-LUC  

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Full Text Available Introduction: The infraorbital nerve and foramen are bilateral structures, located below the lower edge of orbit (1,2,5,9,10,11,12, and are important surgical parameters for external access to the maxillary sinus (CaldwellLuc, representing its upper limit (4, 13. Objective: Establishing a safe average distance between the first premolar tooth alveolus top up to the foramen and infraorbital nerve, during the CaldwellLuc surgery. Method: We have analyzed 32 formolized heads of Brazilian adult corpses, without distinction of age, sex and race, within the period of February through July 2004. Surgical approach was made by CaldwellLuc passage, up to the complete exposure of infraorbital nerve and foramen where we delineated an imaginary line from the top of the first premolar tooth alveolus up to the foramen, and measured by using a pachymeter. Results: The general average distance between the structures mentioned was of 3.34cm with standard deviation of 0.52cm. The greater distance found was of 4,5 cm and the minor was of 2.5 cm bilaterally. Conclusion: When we know this region safe distance surgical access, we find less damage to the innervation that causes less intense subjective and less persistent symptoms in the post-operative period.

Fabi, Ricardo Pereira

2008-09-01

302

Transantral revision of recurrent maxillary and ethmoidal disease following functional intranasal surgery.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recurring disease in the maxillary sinus, despite inferior meatal antrostomies, has led to the widespread use of middle meatal antrostomy or simple decompression of the natural ostium of the middle meatus in attempts to restore function to the maxillary sinus. We have reported recurrent disease in the maxillary sinus in patients with stage III or stage IV hyperplastic rhinosinusitis in whom attempts at functional surgery of the middle meatus were unsuccessful in reversal of retrograde changes. One hundred patients who had previously undergone intranasal sphenoethmoidectomy with removal of the middle turbinate, decompression of the maxillary ostium, and removal of overt hyperplastic disease of the middle meatus underwent revision transantral ethmoidectomy. All recurrent or residual diseased mucosa was removed, including polyps, occasional mucoceles, and hyperplastic changes that occurred despite patency of a middle meatal maxillary ostium. In many of these patients the maxillary sinus was widely marsupialized secondarily into the posterior nasal vault. While the initial overall polyp recurrence rate after intranasal sphenoethmoidectomy in these patients was as high as 19.2%, the rate of polyp recurrence after transantral revision was less than 5% in from 18 to 48 months postoperatively. The experience in this series suggests that mucosal changes have played a primary role in unsuccessful treatment, independent of whether or not adequate functional egress for maxillary secretion, drainage, or ventilation has been created or restored.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1565487

Friedman, W H; Katsantonis, G P

1992-04-01

303

Wegener's granulomatosis of the maxillary sinus: CT evaluation - report of two cases-  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Wegener's granulomatosis is a specific vasculitis described by Klinger in 1931 and Wegener in 1939 as being different from periarteritis nodosa. Wegener's gramulomatosis involving the paranasal sinuses is relatively rare and few cases are reported in the Korean literature. However, CT evaluation has been lacking in the Korean literature. Although radiological evaluations were performed in the previous reports, they were not studied by CT. Only one report of the CT evaluation is available in the literature. Since the author observed somewhat different CT manifestations compared with the previous report, the CT findings with a brief review of the literature are presented. Although the difference from the previously reported series by Paling is not clear, it may be affected by differences in he duration of illness and severity of the disease

304

Temporal bone pathological study on maxillary sinus carcinoma with bilateral temporal bone metastasis.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a case in which metastasis occurred from a left-side maxillary carcinoma to bilateral temporal bones through different routes, manifested by rapidly progressing left-side mixed hearing loss, left-side vestibular dysfunction, and serous otitis media. Later the left-side hearing threshold became severely elevated, suggesting profound sensory hearing loss. Histopathology of the temporal bones revealed that the side with the lesion was severely damaged by tumor through direct and hematogenous metastasis. On the contralateral side, it showed four findings: (i) sparse and separate tumor invasion of the petrous bone, the mastoid cavity, and the facial canal (hematogenous spread); (ii) tumor involvement in the lower part of the cochlear aqueduct without invasion of the internal acoustic canal or cochlea, implying early meningeal carcinomatosis; (iii) vascular stria atrophy, spiral ganglion diminution, and well preserved hair cells; and (iv) diffuse effusion in the middle ear and mastoid cavity. Our observations revealed that tumor cells dispersed to the same side through different routes, whereas early metastasis to the contralateral side was mainly through hematogenous and subarachnoid spread. PMID:17851888

Su, Peijen; Kuan, Chen-Chieh; Kondo, Kenji; Iwasaki, Shinichi; Tsuzuku, Toshihiro; Kaga, Kimitaka

2007-12-01

305

Extensive complex odontoma in the maxillary sinus: an uncommon presentation as a cause of chronic sinusitis / Extenso odontoma complexo em seio maxilar: uma apresentação incomum como causa de sinusite crônica  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Este estudo relata a apresentação de um extenso odontoma causando sinusite maxilar. DESCRIÇÃO DO CASO: Um homem de 25 anos ao exame clínico revelou assimetria facial discreta e exposição da lesão na cavidade oral. Os exames de imagem mostraram a presença de uma massa radiopaca bem definida [...] na maxila esquerda, medindo aproximadamente 7 cm e estava intimamente associado com o seio maxilar e a cavidade oral. A massa foi extirpada através de um acesso intra-oral, sob anestesia geral em ambiente hospitalar e enviada para estudo histopatológico, onde foi diagnosticada como odontoma complexo. O paciente está sob acompanhamento clínico e não mostra sinais de sinusite maxilar e fístula bucossinusal. CONCLUSÃO: O odontoma é uma lesão comum na clínica odontológica, mas pode, em alguns casos, se apresentar de forma agressiva levando a danos ao paciente, e desta forma, é necessária atenção do cirurgião dentista para o correto diagnóstico e tratamento. Abstract in english PURPOSE: This study reports a case of a extensive odontoma causing maxillary sinusitis. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 25-year-old man at clinical examination revealed discrete facial asymmetry and exposure of the lesion in the oral cavity. Imaging exams showed the presence of a well-defined radiopaque mass in [...] the left maxilla, measuring approximately 7 cm and was intimately associated with the maxillary sinus and oral cavity. The mass was excised through an intraoral access under general anesthesia in the hospital and sent for histopathology, which was diagnosed as complex odontoma. The patient is under clinical follow-up and shows no signs of maxillary sinusitis and no oral sinus fistula. CONCLUSION: The odontoma is a common injury in clinical dentistry, but in some aggressive cases may cause sequelae in the patient, thus, caution the dentist for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Cyntia Helena Pereira de, Carvalho; Diego do Amaral, Costa; Lélia Maria Guedes, Queiroz; José Ivo Q. do, Amaral; Adriano Rocha, Germano.

306

Five-year outcome of bone remodelling around implants in the maxillary sinus: assessment of differences between implants placed in autogenous inlay bone blocks and in ungrafted maxilla.  

Science.gov (United States)

The placement of implants in the posterior maxillary area is considered a reliable procedure, offering recognized rehabilitative advantages. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of dental implants placed in the sinus floor augmented with a block autograft by comparing the outcomes over 5 years with those of dental implants positioned in non-augmented bone. This retrospective cohort study included 16 patients who had undergone prosthetic rehabilitation supported by dental implants between 2000 and 2006. One implant per patient was included and assigned to one of two predictor groups: grafted versus ungrafted maxillary sinus. Changes in marginal bone level (MBL) and apical bone level (ABL) over time, at 1, 3, and 5 years, were the primary outcome variables. Appropriate pair-wise comparison tests were performed. No significant differences were seen with regard to ABLs and among times between the grafted group (nine implants) and the ungrafted group (seven implants). Significant marginal bone resorption was found over time, primarily at the buccal aspect, in both study groups. The bone surrounding the apex of dental implants appeared stable after sinus augmentation in the grafted area. The behaviour of the two groups with regard to loss of MBLs over time was very similar. PMID:24774722

Martuscelli, R; Toti, P; Sbordone, L; Guidetti, F; Ramaglia, L; Sbordone, C

2014-09-01

307

Adenocarcinoma renal metastásico en seno maxilar / Maxillary sinus metastasis of renal cell carcinoma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los tumores metastásicos en senos paranasales y fosas son excepcionales. Se han descrito en la literatura unos 50 casos localizados en seno maxilar. El adenocarcinoma renal es la neoplasia primaria que más frecuentemente metastatiza en la región nasosinusal, seguido de tumores mamarios y pulmonares. [...] Presenta una sintomatología inespecífica siendo la epistaxis el síntoma más frecuente debido a la gran vascularización tumoral. Tienen un pronóstico pobre con una tasa de supervivencia en torno al 15-30% a los 5 años. El tratamiento de elección es la cirugía. Abstract in english Paranasal sinuses and nose metastasis are very uncommon tumors, about 50 have been reported. Renal cell carcinoma is the primary neoplasm which most frequently metastasizes in the nasosinusal region, followed by breast and lug. Symptoms are unspecific, but the epistaxis constitutes the most common s [...] ign due to the significant vascularizations of the tumor. Prognosis is poor. The survival rate fluctuates between 15-30% at 5 years. Surgery is the elective treatment.

B., Torres Muros; J.R., Solano Romero; J.G., Rodríguez Baró; R., Bonilla Parrilla.

2006-10-01

308

Superselective intra-arterial chemotherapy (SIC) by using the Seldinger technique as the treatment strategy for maxillary sinus carcinoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We have been applying superselective intra-arterial chemotherapy (SIC) by using the Seldinger technique as the treatment strategy for maxillary sinus carcinoma since 1998 in combination with radiotherapy and surgery. SIC allows delivery of high-dose anticancer drugs to the target tumor at high concentrations through its feeding vessel with few adverse effects by neutralizing and limiting the toxic effects of cisplatin (CDDP) within an acceptable range. We studied the effect of primary treatment and adverse events in 40 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus who underwent high-dose SIC combined with radiotherapy in our department between 1998 and 2008. The patients were 30 men and 10 women aged 43 to 75 years (median, 61 years). All carcinomas were advanced and graded as T3 in 17, T4 in 23, and N+ in 8. Some of the carcinomas reached the skull base or extended deep into the orbit. SIC was performed using the Seldinger technique from the femoral artery. Total CDDP dose was 200-300 mg/m2 (mean, 210 mg/m2). All vessels used for the treatment were those branching from the external carotid arteries; those from internal carotid arteries were not used for intra-arterial infusion. Following arterial infusion chemotherapy, systemic administration of 800 mg 5-fluorouracil (FU) was started on Day 2. Simultaneous radiotherapy was started on Day 2 at a dose of 2 Gy with a goal of increasing up to 60 Gy. Patients enrolled in this treatment60 Gy. Patients enrolled in this treatment arm received two courses of chemotherapy at 1- to 2-week intervals, along with a total dose of 60 Gy of radiotherapy from 1998 to 2007. Since 2008, two courses of SIC with the Seldinger technique, based on the results of postoperative pathological examination, and curative radiation at 60 Gy became the preferred basic treatment strategy irrespective of tumor size, and evaluation of treatment response at the level of 40 Gy was abandoned. For residual or recurrent carcinoma, we took a ''wait and see'' approach and conducted salvage operation as additional treatment. Adverse events of chemotherapy and SIC combined with radiotherapy were completed as scheduled. The treatment response was evaluated at 1 month based on macroscopic, imaging, and histopathological findings. In total, the Seldinger technique was performed 73 times in 40 patients. The mean number of feeding vessels used for treatment was 2.3. Follow-up of adverse events revealed Grade 3 or higher stomatitis in 45% of patients; although it often led to anorexia or dysphagia, it was reversible in all cases. Five patients needed granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) administration for leukocytopenia. Grade 3 or higher renal dysfunction related to CDDP administration was observed in 6 patients. Three patients underwent hemodialysis for Grade 4 renal dysfunction and all could discontinue hemodialysis. All adverse events were reversible and non-serious except for 3 patients with suspected symptoms of transient cerebral ischemia. Primary treatment response was complete response (CR) in 50.0% and partial response (PR) in 25.0% at 40 Gy, with a response rate of 75.0%. Thirty patients received surgery after intra-arterial chemotherapy. Of these, 10 patients rated as CR before surgery were all pathological CR. Of 10 patients who achieved PR in their primary treatment response after SIC combined with radiotherapy, 5 patients were pathological CR in the postoperative pathological evaluation. The final CR rate was 62.5%. These results suggest that adverse events of this therapy are relatively minor and within an acceptable range. In terms of local control, SIC may avoid invasive surgical procedures. (author)

309

Imaging characteristics of diffuse large cell extra nodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma involving the palate and maxillary sinus: a case report  

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Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas are a group of highly diverse malignancies and have a strong tendency to affect organs and tissues that do not ordinarily contain lymphoid cells. Primary extra nodal lymphoma of the hard palate is rare. Here, we present a case of diffuse large B cell lymphoma in a 60-year-old male patient that manifested as slightly painful ulcerated growth on the edentulous right maxillary alveolar ridge extending onto the palate, closely resembling carcinoma of the alveolar ridge. Computed tomography images showed the involvement of the maxillary sinus and right nasal cavity, along with destruction of hard palate, superiorly extending into the orbit. This case report highlights the importance of imaging to evaluate the exact extent of such large malignant lesions, which is essential for treatment planning.

Nadendla, Lakshmi Kavitha; Meduri, Venkateswarlu; Paramkusam, Geetha [Kamineni Institute of Dental Sciences, Nalgonda (India)

2012-06-15

310

Imaging characteristics of diffuse large cell extra nodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma involving the palate and maxillary sinus: a case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas are a group of highly diverse malignancies and have a strong tendency to affect organs and tissues that do not ordinarily contain lymphoid cells. Primary extra nodal lymphoma of the hard palate is rare. Here, we present a case of diffuse large B cell lymphoma in a 60-year-old male patient that manifested as slightly painful ulcerated growth on the edentulous right maxillary alveolar ridge extending onto the palate, closely resembling carcinoma of the alveolar ridge. Computed tomography images showed the involvement of the maxillary sinus and right nasal cavity, along with destruction of hard palate, superiorly extending into the orbit. This case report highlights the importance of imaging to evaluate the exact extent of such large malignant lesions, which is essential for treatment planning.

311

Endoscopic sinus surgery in individuals with facial pain due to chronic maxillary sinusitis ? a functional controlled study / Cirurgia endoscópica de seio da face em indivíduos com dor facial devida a sinusite maxilar crônica ? um estudo funcional controlado  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Objetivo: Medir a pressão intrasinusal e a eficiência funcional do seio maxilar (EFSM) em indivíduos com dor facial crônica após cirurgia endoscópica maxilar conservadora ou convencional em comparação a pessoas normais. Método: A manometria do seio foi feita 5 vezes durante a inalação. Result [...] ados: A semelhança entre os valores das pressões comparando aqueles tratados com cirurgia minimamente invasiva e os controles foi notável, enquanto que na cirurgia tradicional houve diminuição significativa das pressões intrasinusais. A EFSM foi 100% nas três vezes testadas nos controles, de modo muito semelhante ao que foi observado naqueles submetidos a cirurgia minimamente invasiva (98,3%, 98,8%, e 98,0%) e significativamente diminuída naqueles submetidos a cirurgia convencional (48,8%, 52,1%, 48,5 %, p Abstract in english Objective: To measure the intra-sinus pressure and the maxillary sinus functional efficiency (MSFE) in individuals with chronic facial pain after conservative or conventional endoscopic maxillary surgery, as well as in controls. Method: Sinus manometry was performed 5 times during inhalation. [...] Results: The resemblance of pressure values comparing those treated with minimally invasive surgery and controls was remarkable, while traditional surgery significantly decreased intrasinusal pressures. The MSFE was 100% in the three tested times for controls, close to that in those submitted to minimally invasive surgery (98.3%, 98.8%, and 98.0%) and significantly impaired after conventional surgery (48.8%, 52.1%, 48.5 %, p

Giuseppe, Sanges; Mario, Gamerra; Gerardo, Sorrentino; Roberto De, Luca; Maddalena, Merone; Michele, Feleppa; Marcelo Eduardo, Bigal.

2014-08-01

312

Studies on serum protein fractions of patients with maxillary sinus cancer undergoing a combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. 2. Relationship between changes in serum protein fractions and prognosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We examined the correlations between changes in serum protein fractions and the prognosis of the patients. The levels of 21 protein components of the sera of 36 patients with maxillary sinus cancer were determined by a single radial immunodiffusion method before and after radiation therapy. The patients with maxillary sinus cancer were treated with combined intra-arterial infusion of bleomycin and external irradiation of 60 Co gamma-rays, and were concurrently treated with 5-fluorouracil at 200 mg/day p.o. The levels of the same protein components were also measured in 34 normal adult as a control. All patients were observed 5 years and 12 years after radiation therapy. In patients who had survived at least 5 years after radiation therapy, the Alb, Tf, Hx, IgG and IgM levels measured before radiation therapy were elevated significantly compared with those who had died within 5 years. In those who had survived at least 5 years, the Alb, Tf, Hx, IgG, IgM, IgA and I?I levels measured after radiation therapy were elevated significantly compared with those who had died within 5 years, and AT III was reduced. In cases of maxillary sinus cancer following a period of 5 to 12 years after radiation therapy, multiple regression analysis was used to determine whether increased concentrations of serum protein fractions were associated with good prognosis for the original disease. ?2HS, IgM, HX, ?1AT and ?1X before radiation therapy were positiv before radiation therapy were positively correlated with survival, whereas AT III, Pmg, Cp, IgA, and ?1AG showed negative correlations. After radiation therapy, Pmg, Hx, Cp, Cl inh and Fib were found to be positive factors of survival rate, whereas ?2M, ?2PI, I?I, IgA, ?1AG and C3 were negative factors. (author). 54 refs

313

Tuberculosis of paranasal sinuses  

OpenAIRE

Nasal tuberculosis is very rare but much rarer is tuberculosis of paranasal sinuses. It involves especially the maxillary sinus and is usually unilateral. We report an unusual case of tuberculosis of frontal and maxillary sinus in a 68 years old male, who presented with a swelling above left medial canthus, with no other eye or nasal complaints. Clinical and radiological findings on our initial evaluation suggested that the patient had left frontal mucocoele with bilateral maxillary haziness....

Sanehi, S.; Dravid, Chandrashekhar; Chaudhary, Neena; Venkatachalam, V. P.

2008-01-01

314

Presencia y Distribución de Tabiques Intrasinusales en el Piso del Seno Maxilar / Prescence and Distribution of Intrasinusal Septa in the Maxillary Sinus Floor  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available La pérdida de dientes superiores causa reabsorción del proceso alveolar y la neumatización del seno maxilar. La implantología oral ha permitido solucionar la perdida de dientes, sin embargo, cuando existe neumatización del seno maxilar, la disponibilidad ósea se ve disminuida, dificultando el proced [...] imiento implantologico. Para remediar esta situación se efectúa la técnica quirúrgica de levantamiento del piso del seno maxilar, la que puede tener complicaciones por la morfología interna del seno, específicamente por la presencia de septos intrasinusales. El objetivo de este estudio es verificar la presencia y distribución de los septos intrasinusales, debido a su importancia en técnicas quirúrgicas realizadas en implantología oral. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, basado en el análisis visual de huesos maxilares aislados. De 65 huesos se seleccionaron 51(42 dentados y 9 edéntulos) que cumplían con determinados criterios de inclusión. La segunda parte del estudio consistió en dividir topográficamente el piso del seno en tres regiones: anterior a la cresta cigomato alveolar, en relación a ella, y posterior a la cresta. La observación de los septos fue realizado por un único examinador, asistido por un dispositivo USB, con 4 leds de alta luminiscencia. De los 51 maxilares analizados se obtuvo: 74,5%, presentaron al menos un septo intrasinusal, 25,4%, no presentaron septos visibles. Los maxilares que presentaron un único tabique correspondieron al 33,3% de la muestra, el 19,6 % de la muestra presento sólo dos tabiques, el 15,7% presentó tres tabiques, mientras que los maxilares que presentaron más de tres tabiques intrasinusales correspondieron sólo al 5,9%. Del total de tabiques encontrados (75 tabiques) el 42% se observó en la región anterior, 21% en la región de la cresta cigomato alveolar y el 37 % en la región posterior del seno maxilar. De los 42 maxilares en condición dentada el 88,1% presento tabiques intrasinusales, mientras que del total de los maxilares edéntulos (9) solo el 11% presento tabiques intrasinusales. Este estudio establece que un porcentaje importante de los huesos maxilares poseen septos intrasinusales que modifican la morfología del piso sinusal con una frecuencia y ubicación variable. Esta situación deberá ser considerada y evaluada mediante imagenología en la realización de técnicas quirúrgicas de elevación del piso del seno maxilar. Abstract in english The loss of upper teeth causes alveolar process resorption and maxilary sinus pneumatization. Oral implantology has solved these losses, however, when pneumatization of the maxillary sinus exists, bone availability is diminished, difficulting implantology procedure. To remedy this situation, the sur [...] gical technique of lifting the maxillary sinus floor is indicated, which can have complications because of the internal maxillary sinus morphology, specifically the presence of intrasinusal septa. The aim of this study is to verify the presence and distribution of intrasinusal septa, due to its importance in surgical techniques performed in oral implantology. We conducted a descriptive study, based on visual analysis of isolated maxilary bones. Of 65 bones, 51 (42 dentate and 9 edentulous)were selected that met certain inclusion criteria. The second part of the study was, to divide the sinus floor topographically into three regions: anterior to the zygomatic alveolar crest, in relation to it, and posterior to the crest. The observation of the septa was performed by a single examiner, assisted by a USB device with 4 high-luminance LEDs. Of the 51 maxillary analyzed obtained: 74.5% had at least one intrasinusal septum, 25.4% showed no visible septa. The maxilary bones that had a single septum corresponded to 33.3% of the sample, 19.6% of the sample had only two septa, 15.7% had three septa, while the maxillary bones that had more than three intrasinusal septa corresponded only to 5.9%. Of all septa found (75 septa) 42% was observed in the anterior region, 21% in the region of th

Arnoldo, Hernández Caldera; Anette, Vistoso Monreal; Rodrigo, Hernández Quezada; Javier, Rojo Pereira.

1168-11-01

315

Salvage surgery for local recurrence after concomitant radiotherapy and superselective arterial infusion of cisplatin in patients with squamous cell carcinoma cancer of the maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This retrospective study aimed to assess the role of salvage surgery for local recurrence after concomitant radiotherapy and superselective arterial infusion of cisplatin (RADPLAT) in patients with squamous cell carcinoma cancer of the maxillary sinus as an initial treatment. Forty-one patients were treated by RADPLAT between 1999 and 2009. Local recurrence in the primary site was observed in 12 patients of whom 9 could undergo further salvage surgery. Primary disease control was achieved in 7 of these patients (successful salvage rate, 58.3%). Successful salvage rates for T3, T4a and T4b primary disease were 66.7% (2/3), 66.7% (4/6) and 33.3% (1/3), respectively. The 5-year overall survival rate was 73.6% in all patients. Severe postoperative complication was seen in one patient. Prognosis of patients with locally recurring maxillary sinus squamous cell carcinoma after RADPLAT is relatively good. This is because residual/recurrent tumor was located in anterior portion of the face in most cases. This result should be taken into consideration when the initial treatment plan is decided and the choice of salvage surgery for such recurrent cases should be carefully determined. (author)

316

Evaluation of paranasal sinus mucosa in coal worker's pneumoconiosis - A computed tomographic study  

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Objective: To evaluate by computed tomographic scanning the paranasal mucosal changes of coal workers with and without pneumoconiosis. Methods: Examination of images and scores from paranasal computed tomographic scans. The study participants were 26 coal workers with pneumoconiosis, 29 coal workers without pneumoconiosis, and 20 controls. All were men. The extent and patterns of inflamatory paranasal sinus disease were evaluated on computed, tomographic scans by 2 radiologists using the terminology and definitions of Newman and associates. Results: Interobserver agreement for the presence of abnormalities was from good to excellent (K, 0.63-0.89). The mucosal scores of individuals and groups were higher for coal workers than for control subjects. Both scores were significantly higher in the pneumoconiosis group than in the 2 other groups. Conclusions: This study shows that paranasal sinuses were affected more severely in coal workers than in control subjects. In coal workers with pneumoconiosis, the affection was most severe. The relationship between coal dust exposure and paranasal mucosal changes needs further study.

Ozdemir, H.; Altin, R.; Mahmutyazicioglu, K.; Kart, L.; Uzun, L.; Savranlar, A.; Davcanci, H.; Gundogdu, S. [Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Zonguldak (Turkey). School of Medicine

2004-09-01

317

Maxillary hematocele  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Hematocele is a benign hemorrhagic pseudotumor that preferably arises in the sinonasal tract, particularly in the maxillary sinus. The occurrence of maxillary hematocele has sporadically been documented, but its nature is not dearly understood. We herein report four cases of maxillary hematocele. The patients were 3 men and one woman, 30-62 years of age with an average of 49.8 years. Major symptoms were nasal obstruction (2 cases), nasal bleeding (2 cases), and toothache (1 case). Computed tomography demonstrated well-defined expansive soft tissue shadows with bone erosion. The lesions showed intermingled high/intermediate/low intensity in both T1- and T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. Endoscopic sinus surgery was performed in 3 cases, and the other patient underwent Caldwell-Luc procedure. Surgical specimens microscopically exhibited inflammatory changes with hematoma and fibrin deposition. The postoperative clinical course was uneventful in all cases, and all the patients are currently free from disease 4-25 months after surgery. Clinical, histopathological and radiological characteristics of maxillary hematocele are reviewed. (author)

318

Computed tomographic appearances of paranasal sinus aspergillosis  

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The computed tomographic (CT) appearances of paranasal sinus aspergillosis in two cases were reported. Conventional radiographs of the paranasal sinuses of these cases revealed unilateral opacification of the maxillary sinus with bony destruction of the medial antral wall around the natural ostium and ethomoid-maxillary plate. CT demonstrated a soft tissue mass of the maxillary sinus, a relatively well-defined bony destruction of the medial maxillary wall with bony flagments, and reactive thickening of the remaining maxillary walls. Paranasal sinus aspergillosis should be suggested in all cases of prolonged unilateral sinus opacification with or without bony destruction. (author)

319

A preliminary study into the effect of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound on chronic maxillary and frontal sinusitis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sinusitis is a very common acute or chronic illness that affects a significant percentage of individuals. Recently, therapeutic ultrasound was reported as a treatment for chronic sinusitis. The purpose of this study was twofold: 1) to evaluate the effectiveness of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (US) in chronic sinusitis using a pretest-posttest research design and 2) to determine the level of association between the independent variables of initial presence of symptoms, age, gender, and duration of disease and the dependent variable of improvement of symptoms. Patients with chronic sinusitis were treated with low-intensity pulsed US, 3 days per week for 15 sessions. Fifty-seven patients (18 females and 39 males; mean age, 35 years) were included in the study. The results of the McNemar test showed a significant change in proportions of post nasal drip and nasal obstruction, two common leading symptoms of patients with chronic sinusitis (p sinusitis. There was a significant, low association between the initial presence of symptoms and the improvement of symptoms after US therapy (chi(2) = 30.352; df = 12; p = 0.002; phi value = 0.356). A significant, low association was also noted between the age and the improvement of symptoms after intervention (chi(2) = 17.548; df = 6; p = 0.007; phi value = 0.270). It may be concluded that low-intensity pulsed US has a significant effect on chronic sinusitis and improves patient symptoms in our study group. PMID:17687734

Ansari, Noureddin Nakhostin; Naghdi, Soofia; Farhadi, Mohammad; Jalaie, Shohreh

2007-01-01

320

Hemangioma cavernoso gigante de seno maxilar: Reporte de un caso y revisión de la literatura Giant cavernous hemangioma of the maxillary sinus: Case report and literature review  

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Full Text Available Los hemangiomas son neoplasias vasculares benignas que se presentan de preferencia en la región cervicofacial, siendo raros en las fosas nasales y excepcionales en los senos paranasales, con pocos casos reportados. Se presenta un paciente de sexo masculino y 33 años de edad, que consultó por obstrucción nasal, aumento de volumen maxilar y exoftalmo izquierdo de 2 años de evolución. La tomografía computada con contraste mostraba una masa hipodensa con realce anular del contraste en maxilar izquierdo, con extensión a la cavidad nasal, con destrucción del piso de la órbita y la pared anterior del seno maxilar. Se tomó biopsia que se informó como hemangioma cavernoso, por lo que fue manejado con embolización y escleroterapia arterial supraselectiva previa a la resección. Se realizó una maxilectomía subtotal por abordaje de Weber-Ferguson, sin recidiva al seguimiento a 15 meses. Además se comparan los hallazgos y el manejo de nuestro paciente con revisiones extranjeras.Hemangiomas are benign vascular neoplasms that occur preferentially in the head and neck, being uncommon in the nasal cavities and exceptionally rare in the paranasal sinuses, with very few cases reported. We present the case of a 33 year old male, that consulted for nasal obstruction, maxillary enlargement and left exophthalmos of 2 years of evolution. Contrast enhanced computed tomography showed a hypódense mass with a ring enhanced lesion in the left maxilla, extending to the nasal cavity, with orbital floor and anterior wall of the maxillary sinus destruction. A biopsy sample was informed as cavernous hemangioma. Accordingly, it was treated by supraselective arterial embolization and sclerotherapy previous to surgical resection. A subtotal maxillectomy was performed following the Weber-Ferguson approach, with no recidives after a 15 month follow-up. In addition, we compare our findings and patient management with those reviewed in the literature.

Alfredo Naser G

2009-08-01

321

Hemangioma cavernoso gigante de seno maxilar: Reporte de un caso y revisión de la literatura / Giant cavernous hemangioma of the maxillary sinus: Case report and literature review  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los hemangiomas son neoplasias vasculares benignas que se presentan de preferencia en la región cervicofacial, siendo raros en las fosas nasales y excepcionales en los senos paranasales, con pocos casos reportados. Se presenta un paciente de sexo masculino y 33 años de edad, que consultó por obstruc [...] ción nasal, aumento de volumen maxilar y exoftalmo izquierdo de 2 años de evolución. La tomografía computada con contraste mostraba una masa hipodensa con realce anular del contraste en maxilar izquierdo, con extensión a la cavidad nasal, con destrucción del piso de la órbita y la pared anterior del seno maxilar. Se tomó biopsia que se informó como hemangioma cavernoso, por lo que fue manejado con embolización y escleroterapia arterial supraselectiva previa a la resección. Se realizó una maxilectomía subtotal por abordaje de Weber-Ferguson, sin recidiva al seguimiento a 15 meses. Además se comparan los hallazgos y el manejo de nuestro paciente con revisiones extranjeras. Abstract in english Hemangiomas are benign vascular neoplasms that occur preferentially in the head and neck, being uncommon in the nasal cavities and exceptionally rare in the paranasal sinuses, with very few cases reported. We present the case of a 33 year old male, that consulted for nasal obstruction, maxillary enl [...] argement and left exophthalmos of 2 years of evolution. Contrast enhanced computed tomography showed a hypódense mass with a ring enhanced lesion in the left maxilla, extending to the nasal cavity, with orbital floor and anterior wall of the maxillary sinus destruction. A biopsy sample was informed as cavernous hemangioma. Accordingly, it was treated by supraselective arterial embolization and sclerotherapy previous to surgical resection. A subtotal maxillectomy was performed following the Weber-Ferguson approach, with no recidives after a 15 month follow-up. In addition, we compare our findings and patient management with those reviewed in the literature.

Alfredo, Naser G; Arturo, Samith M; Carlos, Ríos D.

2009-08-01

322

Maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft: a systematic review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Aims: The objective of the present systematic review was to test the hypothesis of no differences in the implant treatment outcome when Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone is used as graft for the maxillary sinus floor augmentation (MSFA) applying the lateral window technique. Material and methods: A MEDLINE (PubMed) search in combination with a hand search of relevant journals was conducted by including human studies published in English from January 1, 1990 to June 1, 2010. The search provided 879 titles and 35 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Considerable variation in the included studies prevented meta-analysis from being performed and no long-term study comparing MSFA with the two treatment modalities was identified. Also, the survival of suprastructures after the two augmentation procedures was not compared within the same study. Results: The 1-year implant survival was compared in one study demonstrating no statistically significant difference. The implant survival was 96% with Bio-Oss and 94% with a mixture of 80% Bio-Oss and 20% autogenous mandibular bone. Addition of a limited amount of autogenous bone to Bio-Oss seemed not to increase the amount of new bone formation and bone-to-implant contact compared with Bio-Oss. Conclusions: Therefore, the hypothesis of no differences between the use of Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft for MSFA could neither be confirmed nor rejected. To cite this article: Jensen T, Schou S, Stavropoulos A, Terheyden H, Holmstrup P. Maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft: a systematic review. Clin. Oral Impl. Res. xx, 2011; 000-000 doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0501.2011.02168.x.

Jensen, Thomas; Schou, SØren

2012-01-01

323

Diagnosis of drowning using post-mortem computed tomography based on the volume and density of fluid accumulation in the maxillary and sphenoid sinuses  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Recent studies have reported that drowning victims frequently have fluid accumulation in the paranasal sinuses, most notably the maxillary and sphenoid sinuses. However, in our previous study, many non-drowning victims also had fluid accumulation in the sinuses. Therefore, we evaluated the qualitative difference in fluid accumulation between drowning and non-drowning cases in the present study. Thirty-eight drowning and 73 non-drowning cases were investigated retrospectively. The fluid volume and density of each case were calculated using a DICOM workstation. The drowning cases were compared with the non-drowning cases using the Mann–Whitney U-test because the data showed non-normal distribution. The median fluid volume was 1.82 (range 0.02–11.7) ml in the drowning cases and 0.49 (0.03–8.7) ml in the non-drowning cases, and the median fluid density was 22 (?14 to 66) and 39 (?65 to 77) HU, respectively. Both volume and density differed significantly between the drowning and non-drowning cases (p = 0.001, p = 0.0007). Regarding cut-off levels in the ROC analysis, the points on the ROC curve closest (0, 1) were 1.03 ml (sensitivity 68%, specificity 68%, PPV 53%, NPV 81%) and 27.5 HU (61%, 70%, 51%, 77%). The Youden indices were 1.03 ml and 37.8 HU (84%, 51%, 47%, 86%). When the cut-off level was set at 1.03 ml and 27.5 HU, the sensitivity was 42%, specificity 45%, PPV 29% and NPV 60%. When the cut-off level was set at 1.03 ml and 37.8 HU, sensitivity was 58%, specificity 32%, PPV 31% and NPV 59%.

Kawasumi, Yusuke, E-mail: ssu@rad.med.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Clinical Imaging, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Kawabata, Tomoyoshi; Sugai, Yusuke [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Clinical Imaging, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Usui, Akihito, E-mail: t7402r0506@med.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Image Analysis, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Hosokai, Yoshiyuki, E-mail: hosokai@med.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Image Analysis, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Sato, Miho, E-mail: meifan58@m.tains.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Clinical Imaging, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Saito, Haruo, E-mail: hsaito@med.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Image Analysis, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Ishibashi, Tadashi, E-mail: tisibasi@med.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Clinical Imaging, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Hayashizaki, Yoshie, E-mail: yoshie@forensic.med.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Forensic Medicine, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan); Funayama, Masato, E-mail: funayama@forensic.med.tohoku.ac.jp [Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Forensic Medicine, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575 (Japan)

2013-10-01

324

Diagnosis of drowning using post-mortem computed tomography based on the volume and density of fluid accumulation in the maxillary and sphenoid sinuses  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recent studies have reported that drowning victims frequently have fluid accumulation in the paranasal sinuses, most notably the maxillary and sphenoid sinuses. However, in our previous study, many non-drowning victims also had fluid accumulation in the sinuses. Therefore, we evaluated the qualitative difference in fluid accumulation between drowning and non-drowning cases in the present study. Thirty-eight drowning and 73 non-drowning cases were investigated retrospectively. The fluid volume and density of each case were calculated using a DICOM workstation. The drowning cases were compared with the non-drowning cases using the Mann–Whitney U-test because the data showed non-normal distribution. The median fluid volume was 1.82 (range 0.02–11.7) ml in the drowning cases and 0.49 (0.03–8.7) ml in the non-drowning cases, and the median fluid density was 22 (?14 to 66) and 39 (?65 to 77) HU, respectively. Both volume and density differed significantly between the drowning and non-drowning cases (p = 0.001, p = 0.0007). Regarding cut-off levels in the ROC analysis, the points on the ROC curve closest (0, 1) were 1.03 ml (sensitivity 68%, specificity 68%, PPV 53%, NPV 81%) and 27.5 HU (61%, 70%, 51%, 77%). The Youden indices were 1.03 ml and 37.8 HU (84%, 51%, 47%, 86%). When the cut-off level was set at 1.03 ml and 27.5 HU, the sensitivity was 42%, specificity 45%, PPV 29% and NPV 60%. When the cut-off level was set at 1.03 ml and 37.8 HU, sensitivity was 58%, specificity 32%, PPV 31% and NPV 59%

325

Elevación de seno maxilar: Análisis clínico de nuestra experiencia en más de 100 casos Clinical analysis of our experience in over 100 cases of maxillary sinus lift  

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Full Text Available Objetivos: La elevación de seno maxilar es uno de los procedimientos más versátiles en cirugía oral, de modo que hay descritos diversos abordajes, tipos de injertos, posibilidad de asociar otras técnicas preprotésicas y colocar implantes de manera simultánea o diferida, dependiendo de la altura ósea inicial. Nuestro propósito es comunicar nuestra experiencia después de intervenir 131 casos. Materiales y métodos: Se analizó una serie de 131 procedimientos llevados a cabo en 91 pacientes consecutivos, entre 1996 y 2007. La edad media fue de 50,43 años (23-69. El control radiológico pre y postoperatorio se realizó mediante ortopantomografía y TC dental. Se analizó la tasa de éxito implantario (implantes osteointegrados y cargados comparando los distintos injertos, el hábito tabáquico, las patologías asociadas y la colocación simultánea o diferida de los implantes. Así mismo, el tiempo (meses necesario para cargar la prótesis se ha comparado entre los diferentes tipos de injerto. Resultados: En las zonas aumentadas se colocaron un total de 228 implantes roscados. La altura preoperatoria media del suelo del seno fue de 6,59±2,11 mm y la postoperatoria de 14,57±2,33 mm. El seguimiento medio fue de 2,94 años (1-12. La tasa de éxito implantario global fue de 96,91%, no habiéndose encontrado diferencias significativas entre los distintos injertos, patologías asociadas o el hábito tabáquico. Conclusiones: En base a este análisis retrospectivo, se concluye que la elevación de seno es una técnica versátil, eficaz, segura y predecible; con una tasa de éxito implantario muy alta independiente del tipo de injerto, comorbilidad, hábito tabáquico y colocación simultánea o diferida de los implantes. El empleo de injerto óseo autólogo requiere un tiempo de espera para la carga protésica significativamente menor.Purpose: Maxillary sinus elevation surgery is one of the most versatile surgical procedures in maxillofacial surgery: there are various approaches to the sinus, different materials for sinus grafting, other preprosthetic procedures can be associated and the implants placement can be simultaneous or delayed, depending on the initial bone height. The aim of this study was to demonstrate this versatility by means of reporting the clinical outcome of sinus augmentation surgery in 131 cases. Materials and Methods: 131 sinus augmentation procedures were undertaken on 91 consecutive patients (mean age 50,43 years (26-69. The preoperative and postoperative radiological study was developed by means of orthopantomography and Dental-TC. The survival rate of implants, as measured by integration and succesfull loading, was compared between different graft materials, smoking/non-smoking patients, different groups of associated pathologies and simultaneous/delayed implants placement. The time (months necessary for prosthesis loading was measured and compared between the different graft material groups. Results: 228 screw-type implants were placed in sinus lifted regions. The mean residual ridge height was 6,59±2,11 mm. The mean postsurgical ridge height was 14,57±2,33 mm. After a mean follow-up period of 2,94 years (range 1 to 12 years the global implant survival rate was 96,91%. There were not significant differences between different bone grafts, associated comorbidity and smoking habits. Conclusions: On the basis of this retrospective study, it might be concluded that the sinus augmentation surgery is a very versatile procedure. Its efficacy and predictability in terms of implant survival rate is extremely high and independent on the bone graft material, surgical technique, associated morbility, smoking habit and immediate/delayed implant placement. The use of autologous bone requires less time to load the prosthesis.

Gui-Youn Cho-Lee

2009-08-01

326

Comparison of CT and MRI features in sinusitis  

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Objective: To correlate the features of inflammatory changes in the paranasal sinuses on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with computed tomography (CT). Methods and patients: One hundred and fourteen patients with histologically proven nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) were staged with both CT and MRI. All CT and MRI images of patients with mucosal thickening but no tumour involvement of the sinuses were retrospectively analysed. Results: There were inflammatory changes in 36 maxillary, 21 sphenoid and 16 ethmoid sinuses. These changes include mucosal thickening, retention cysts, retained secretions, inspissated secretions and dystrophic calcification. MRI is superior to CT in separating thickened mucosa, retained secretions and retentions cysts. Conclusion: It is important to appreciate CT changes of sinusitis and the corresponding spectrum of MRI features. (Copyright (c) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. All rights reserved.)

Chong, V.F.H.; Fan, Y.F. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore 169608 (Singapore)

1998-11-01

327

Bone-to-implant contact after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone in different ratios in mini pigs  

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OBJECTIVES: The objective was to test the hypotheses: (i) no differences in bone-to-implant contact formation, and (ii) no differences between the use of autogenous mandibular or iliac bone grafts, when autogenous bone, Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone, or Bio-Oss is used as graft for the maxillary sinus floor augmentation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Bilateral sinus floor augmentation was performed in 40 mini pigs with: (A) 100% autogenous bone, (B) 75% autogenous bone and 25% Bio-Oss, (C) 50% autogenous bone and 50% Bio-Oss, (D) 25% autogenous bone and 75% Bio-Oss, or (E) 100% Bio-Oss. Autogenous bone was harvested from the iliac crest or the mandible and the graft composition was selected at random and placed concomitant with the implant placement. The animals were euthanized 12 weeks after surgery. Bone-to-implant contact was estimated by stereological methods and summarized as median percentage with 95% confidence interval (CI). Bone-to-implant contact formation was evaluated by fluorochrome labelling and assessed by median odds ratios (OR) with 95% (CI). RESULTS: Median bone-to-implant contact was: (A) 42.9% (95% CI: 32.1-54.5%), (B) 37.8% (95% CI: 27.1-49.9%), (C) 43.9% (95% CI: 32.6-55.9%), (D) 30.2% (95% CI: 21.6-40.3%), and (E) 13.9% (95% CI: 11.4-16.9%). Bone-to-implant contact was significantly higher for A, B, C, D as compared to E (P 

Jensen, Thomas; Schou, SØren

328

Tercer molar superior retenido en seno maxilar. Presentación de un caso / Third Upper Molar Retained in Maxillary Sinus. Presentation of a Case  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Se presentó una paciente de 38 años de edad, mestiza, la cual acudió a Consulta de Cirugía Maxilofacial del Hospital Lenin remitida del Servicio de Neurocirugía, que refirió ser objeto de varios estudios de cráneo (incluyendo TAC) por presentar cefaleas mantenidas de moderada a gran intensidad. Los [...] resultados de los estudios fueron negativos. Refirió que recibió tratamiento farmacológico para aliviar los síntomas dolorosos, además, describió otros signos y síntomas como: caída del cabello, afectaciones visuales del lado derecho (visión borrosa, molestias), dolor facial difuso y edema en hemicara derecha. Al examen físico nada a señalar, con rayos x de senos paranasales se diagnosticó la presencia de un tercer molar incluido en seno maxilar derecho. La paciente fue llevada al salón de forma electiva y mediante la técnica de Caldwell-Lud fue extraído dicho molar. La paciente evolucionó de manera favorable. Abstract in english A 38-year-old black, which came to Consultation of Maxillofacial Surgery at Lenin Hospital, from Neurosurgery Department was reported in this paper. The patient was referred to study due to be the subject of several studies of skull (including TAC) due to headaches maintained from moderate to high i [...] ntensity. The results of the studies were negative. The patient received drug treatment to relieve the painful symptoms also described other signs and symptoms such as hair loss, visual detriment to the right side (blurred vision, discomfort), diffuse facial pain and swelling in right side of the face. Physical examination revealed nothing to indicate, with sinus x-rays the presence of a third molar in the right maxillary sinus was diagnosed. The patient was taken to the room and through elective Caldwell-Lud technique, the molar was extracted. The patient progressed favorably.

Alexis Andrés, Amador Velázquez; Hung Quevedo, Orlando Alberto; Deyanira, Menéndez Díaz.

2015-03-01

329

Application of in vivo microdialysis for investigation of unbound drug concentrations of intravenously administered sulfadimidine in the paranasal sinus mucosa of horses.  

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OBJECTIVE To monitor concentrations of sulfadimidine in the paranasal sinus mucosa (PSM) of unsedated horses following IV administration of trimethoprim-sulfadimidine via in vivo microdialysis. ANIMALS 10 healthy adult horses. PROCEDURES Concentric microdialysis probes were implanted into the subepithelial layers of the frontal sinus mucosa of standing sedated horses. Four hours after implantation, trimethoprim-sulfadimidine (30 mg/kg) was administered IV every 24 hours for 2 days; dialysate and plasma samples were collected at intervals during that 48-hour period and analyzed for concentrations of sulfadimidine. The dialysate concentration and relative loss of sulfadimidine from the perfusate were used to calculate the PSM concentration. RESULTS Microdialysis probe implantation and subsequent in vivo microdialysis were successfully performed for all 10 horses. Following the first and second administration of trimethoprim-sulfadimidine, mean ± SD peak concentrations of sulfadimidine were 55.3 ± 10.3 ?g/mL and 51.5 ± 8.7 ?g/mL, respectively, in plasma and 9.6 ± 4.5 ?g/mL and 7.0 ± 3.3 ?g/mL, respectively, in the PSM. Peak sulfadimidine concentrations in the PSM were detected at 5.9 ± 2.7 hours and 5.4 ± 2.3 hours following the first and second drug administrations, respectively. For 12 hours, mean PSM sulfadimidine concentration remained greater than the minimum inhibitory concentration indicative of sulfonamide susceptibility of equine bacterial isolates (4.75 ?g/mL). CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE In vivo microdialysis for continuous monitoring of PSM sulfadimidine concentrations in unsedated horses was feasible. Intravenous administration of trimethoprim (5 mg/kg) and sulfadimidine (25 mg/kg) proved likely to be efficient for treating sinusitis caused by highly susceptible pathogens, providing that the dosing interval is 12 hours. PMID:25815573

Bienert-Zeit, Astrid; Gietz, Caroline; Staszyk, Carsten; Kietzmann, Manfred; Stahl, Jessica; Ohnesorge, Bernhard

2015-04-01

330

Radiography and ultrasonography in paranasal sinusitis  

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In order to analyze whether ultrasonography with a reasonable degree of confidence can replace radiography in the diagnosis of sinusitis, 138 patients with clinical signs of sinusitis were examined with both methods. It was found that maxillary sinus fluid was recognized ultrasonographically with a confidence that increased with the amount of fluid, judged from radiographic examinations. In a sub-group of 45 cases, fluid confirmed by maxillary sinus puncture was detected by ultrasonography in 34/45 sinuses (78%) and by radiology in 38/45 sinuses (84%). In patients with radiographically normal maxillary sinuses, the correlation to ultrasound was good. However, mucosal swelling and polyps or cysts observed at radiography were poorly demonstrated by ultrasonography. In addition, the ultrasound method was not reliable for frontal sinus diagnosis. It was concluded that ultrasonography can be recommended in maxillary sinusitis for follow-up of treatment and as a screening method before sinus radiography. (orig.)

331

Radiography and ultrasonography in paranasal sinusitis  

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In order to analyze whether ultrasonography with a reasonable degree of confidence can replace radiography in the diagnosis of sinusitis, 138 patients with clinical signs of sinusitis were examined with both methods. It was found that maxillary sinus fluid was recognized ultrasonographically with a confidence that increased with the amount of fluid, judged from radiographic examinations. In a sub-group of 45 cases, fluid confirmed by maxillary sinus puncture was detected by ultrasonography in 34/45 sinuses (78%) and by radiology in 38/45 sinuses (84%). In patients with radiographically normal maxillary sinuses, the correlation to ultrasound was good. However, mucosal swelling and polyps or cysts observed at radiography were poorly demonstrated by ultrasonography. In addition, the ultrasound method was not reliable for frontal sinus diagnosis. It was concluded that ultrasonography can be recommended in maxillary sinusitis for follow-up of treatment and as a screening method before sinus radiography.

Jensen, C.; Sydow, C. von

332

Two Cases of Small Cell Cancer of the Maxillary Sinus Treated with Cisplatin plus Irinotecan and Radiotherapy  

OpenAIRE

Background. Small cell carcinoma (SmCC) in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses is very rare, and definitive therapies have not yet been established. Methods. Chemoradiotherapy comprised 60?Gy of external radiation, with the administration of irinotecan intravenously at 60?mg/m2 on days 1, 8, and 15 and cisplatin at 60?mg/m2 on day 1. Results. Case 1 involved a 66-year-old woman with stage III cancer. Adverse events included decreased white blood cells, anemia, and oral mucositis, all...

Kiyoaki Tsukahara; Kazuhiro Nakamura; Ray Motohashi; Hiroki Sato

2013-01-01

333

The use of injectable sonication-induced silk hydrogel for VEGF(165) and BMP-2 delivery for elevation of the maxillary sinus floor.  

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Sonication-induced silk hydrogels were previously prepared as an injectable bone replacement biomaterial, with a need to improve osteogenic features. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF(165)) and bone morphogenic protein-2 (BMP-2) are key regulators of angiogenesis and osteogenesis, respectively, during bone regeneration. Therefore, the present study aimed at evaluating in situ forming silk hydrogels as a vehicle to encapsulate dual factors for rabbit maxillary sinus floor augmentation. Sonication-induced silk hydrogels were prepared in vitro and the slow release of VEGF(165) and BMP-2 from these silk gels was evaluated by ELISA. For in vivo studies for each time point (4 and 12 weeks), 24 sinus floors elevation surgeries were made bilaterally in 12 rabbits for the following four treatment groups: silk gel (group Silk gel), silk gel/VEGF(165) (group VEGF), silk gel/BMP-2 (group BMP-2), silk gel/VEGF(165)/BMP-2 (group V + B) (n = 6 per group). Sequential florescent labeling and radiographic observations were used to record new bone formation and mineralization, along with histological and histomorphometric analysis. At week 4, VEGF(165) promoted more tissue infiltration into the gel and accelerated the degradation of the gel material. At this time point, the bone area in group V + B was significantly larger than those in the other three groups. At week 12, elevated sinus floor heights of groups BMP-2 and V + B were larger than those of the Silk gel and VEGF groups, and the V + B group had the largest new bone area among all groups. In addition, a larger blood vessel area formed in the remaining gel areas in groups VEGF and V + B. In conclusion, VEGF(165) and BMP-2 released from injectable and biodegradable silk gels promoted angiogenesis and new bone formation, with the two factors demonstrating an additive effect on bone regeneration. These results indicate that silk hydrogels can be used as an injectable vehicle to deliver multiple growth factors in a minimally invasive approach to regenerate irregular bony cavities. PMID:21889205

Zhang, Wenjie; Wang, Xiuli; Wang, Shaoyi; Zhao, Jun; Xu, Lianyi; Zhu, Chao; Zeng, Deliang; Chen, Jake; Zhang, Zhiyuan; Kaplan, David L; Jiang, Xinquan

2011-12-01

334

The current status of the treatment for T4 maxillary sinus cancer in Japan. A multi-institutional retrospective observation study  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to assess the current status in Japan of the treatment for squamous cell carcinoma of the T4 maxillary sinus (MS-SCC) and its use to plan clinical trials in the future. The data for 128 patients with previously untreated MS-SCC were obtained from 28 institutions from 2006 to 2007. Of the 128 patients, 118 patients with curative intent were included in an analysis of the treatment and its results. Of the 118 patients, 73 patients had T4a disease, and 45 with T4b. Thirty-nine patients (33.1%) were treated with total maxillectomy, 25 (21.2%) with partial maxillectomy, 22 patients (18.6%) with RADPLAT, 19 patients (16.1%) with IV-CRT, and 13 patients (11.0%) with others. The 5-year overall survival rate and local control rate for 118 patients were 49.8% and 48.9%, respectively. The 5-year overall survival rates for patients with T4aN0M0 and T4bN0M0 were 67.5% and 29.8%, respectively. This study was retrospective, but we could understand the tendency of treatment choice and treatment results. It will be useful information to plan clinical trials in the future. (author)

335

Maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft in animals : a systematic review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The objective of the present systematic review was to test the hypothesis of no differences between the use of Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft for maxillary sinus floor augmentation (MSFA) applying the lateral window technique, as evaluated in animals. A MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase, and Cochrane Library search in combination with a hand-search of relevant journals was conducted by including animal studies published in English from 1 January 1990 to 1 June 2010. The search provided 879 titles and 14 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The volumetric stability of the graft improved significantly with increased proportion of Bio-Oss. Bone regeneration, bone-to-implant contact (BIC), biomechanical implant test values, and biodegradation of Bio-Oss after MSFA with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone have never been compared within the same study in animals. Thus, the hypothesis of no differences between the use of Bio-Oss and Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft for MSFA could neither be confirmed nor rejected based on existing animal studies.

Jensen, T; Schou, S

2012-01-01

336

Maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft in animals: a systematic review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The objective of the present systematic review was to test the hypothesis of no differences between the use of Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft for maxillary sinus floor augmentation (MSFA) applying the lateral window technique, as evaluated in animals. A MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase, and Cochrane Library search in combination with a hand-search of relevant journals was conducted by including animal studies published in English from 1 January 1990 to 1 June 2010. The search provided 879 titles and 14 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The volumetric stability of the graft improved significantly with increased proportion of Bio-Oss. Bone regeneration, bone-to-implant contact (BIC), biomechanical implant test values, and biodegradation of Bio-Oss after MSFA with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone have never been compared within the same study in animals. Thus, the hypothesis of no differences between the use of Bio-Oss and Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft for MSFA could neither be confirmed nor rejected based on existing animal studies.

Jensen, Thomas; Schou, S

2012-01-01

337

Plasmablastic Lymphoma of the Maxillary Sinus: Case Report of a Novel Treatment Approach of Concurrent Bortezomib and Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy  

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Full Text Available Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL is an aggressive variant of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and was initially described as affecting the oral cavity of patients with HIV. Recently, it has been better characterized through histopathology and case reports demonstrating that it may affect HIV-negative patients as well. In particular, elderly patients that have immunosenescence can develop PBL, and it may present in anatomic sites outside the oral cavity. Treatment typically consists of aggressive chemotherapy regimens, such as CHOP, EPOCH, or hyper-CVAD; however, elderly patients may not be able to tolerate such intense regimens. We present a case of an elderly man with PBL of the maxillary sinus treated with a unique regimen of concurrent bortezomib and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT. This treatment produced a significant, durable tumor response and was well tolerated. Bortezomib with IMRT could be considered an alternative to more intense chemotherapy regimens, particularly in elderly patients with PBL, although prospective studies are needed to further test the safety and efficacy.

Patrick J. Richard

2015-02-01

338

[Risk factors and strategies of dental implants in the maxillary posterior without sufficient bone available].  

Science.gov (United States)

There are two ways to place dental implants in the maxillary posterior without sufficient bone available, one is the maxillary sinus floor bone augmentation technique, the other is to evade maxillary sinus. The maxillary sinus floor bone augmentation technique may result in a series of complication, and reduce obedience of patients for implant surgery. According to principles of the best bone utilization, the evaded maxillary sinus implant technique is more simple, more economic, more predictable, and more shortage of time, compared with the maxillary sinus floor bone augmentation technique, and has certain technological advantages in some special cases. PMID:22389955

Huang, Jiansheng

2012-02-01

339

The occurrence of molds in patients with chronic sinusitis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common inflammatory condition of nasal and paranasal sinus mucosa. Although pathogenic bacteria were postulated as main etiological factor responsible for most cases of CRS, the involvement of molds was recently proved in some cases. The aim of the study was to conduct mycological analysis of material obtained from patients operated on due to chronic sinusitis. The study included 107 patients, 45 women and 62 men. During the surgery, a fragment of mucosa from the region of the ethmoid bulla was obtained as microbiological characteristics of this material closely resemble those of sinus mucosa. In addition, maxillary sinus lavage was obtained. The control group comprised patients without chronic sinusitis. The dithiothreitol solution method was used for the lavage examination. The tissue material (mucosal fragment from the region of the ethmoid bulla) was incubated in 2% liquid Sabouraud medium for 24 h. The material was inoculated onto culture media. The presence of molds was detected in 67% of examined samples. Overall, 41 species belonging to 12 genera were isolated. The most frequently detected genera included Penicillium spp. (46%) and Aspergillus spp. (16%). In addition, Cladosporium spp. (11%), Fusarium spp. (7%), Acremonium spp. (4%), Eurotium spp. (4%), Alternaria spp. (2%), Chaetomium spp. (1%), Geotrichum spp. (1%), Verticillium spp. (1%), Rhizopus spp. (1%), and some unidentified colonies (5%) were isolated. Penicillium crustosum, Penicillium citrinum, Aspergillus niger, Cladosporium cladosporioides, and Fusarium verticillioides were the most prevalent species. PMID:24121778

Twaru?ek, Magdalena; Soszczy?ska, Ewelina; Winiarski, Piotr; Zwierz, Aleksander; Grajewski, Jan

2014-05-01

340

Two Cases of Small Cell Cancer of the Maxillary Sinus Treated with Cisplatin plus Irinotecan and Radiotherapy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Background. Small cell carcinoma (SmCC) in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses is very rare, and definitive therapies have not yet been established. Methods. Chemoradiotherapy comprised 60?Gy of external radiation, with the administration of irinotecan intravenously at 60?mg/m(2) on days 1, 8, and 15 and cisplatin at 60?mg/m(2) on day 1. Results. Case 1 involved a 66-year-old woman with stage III cancer. Adverse events included decreased white blood cells, anemia, and oral mucositis, all Grade 2. The patient remained free of cancer as of 3 years and 6 months after completing the treatment. Case 2 involved a 60-year-old man with stage IV cancer. He also experienced adverse events of decreased white blood cells, anemia, and oral mucositis, all Grade 2. He died after 11 months due to metastases throughout the body. Conclusions. The results suggest that this regimen may be tolerable as a therapy for this type of carcinoma. PMID:23424698

Tsukahara, Kiyoaki; Nakamura, Kazuhiro; Motohashi, Ray; Sato, Hiroki

2013-01-01

341

Radiological changes in the paranasal sinuses in lepromatous leprosy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In view of the high incidence of nasal involvement in lepromatous leprosy and the production of a highly infectious discharge from the nasal mucosa, it seemed pertinent to investigate the paranasal sinuses whose lining greatly increase the surface area of mucous membrane in the upper respiratory tract. Sinus radiographs were taken of 16 patients diagnosed, clinically and bacteriologically, as having lepromatous leprosy with nasal involvement. All 16 patients showed radiological abnormalities which are summarized. The most constant finding was mucosal thickening of the maxillary antra. The significance of these results is discussed. Sinus X-rays, while not diagnostic for leprosy may give additional information to both the leprologist and the ENT surgeon. (author)

342

Maxillary antrolith: report of a case.  

Science.gov (United States)

A case of maxillary antrolith in a 60-year-old male is presented. Complaints were mucous discharge and a small amount of periodic bleeding from the right nasal cavity, of two months' duration. CT scan revealed a small calcified mass in the right maxillary sinus. By Caldwell-Luc operation an antrolith was removed from the right maxillary sinus with chronic sinusitis. This was 0.6 x 0.4 x 0.3 cm in size and 0.03 g in weight. Histopathological studies showed calcium deposition around the necrotic mass. Chemical analysis of the specimen revealed calcium phosphate (65%), calcium carbonate (8%) and albuminous material (27%). PMID:3072947

Ishiyama, T

1988-01-01

343

Ethmomaxillary sinus: a particular anatomic variation of the paranasal sinuses  

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We assessed the morphological and radiological characteristics of ethmomaxillary sinus (EMS), which is an enlarged posterior ethmoidal air cell occupying the superior portion of the maxillary sinus while draining into superior meatus. This study is based on 1450 patients submitted to CT examination of the paranasal sinuses between 1998 and 2002. Sequential CT scans were obtained in the coronal plane in all the patients with 2.5- to 5-mm section thickness and were evaluated for EMS. The diagnosis of EMS was made when there was a posterior ethmoidal cell occupying the superior part of the maxillary sinus while draining to the superior meatus. When EMS was diagnosed, the morphology of the septum between the and maxillary sinus, and width of the superior meatus, were noted. The EMS was found in 10 of 1450 (0.7%) patients. The coexisting anatomic variations were concha bullosa (50%), upper concha pneumatization (20%), maxillary sinus hypoplasia (20%), uncinate bulla (10%), hypertrophied inferior concha (10%), paradoxic middle concha (10%), and septate maxillary sinus (10%). There was no relation between EMS and sinus disease. The EMS is a rare anatomic variation and does not appear to be associated with sinusitis. The EMS is not a well-studied anatomic variation, and the literature is lacking adequate information about this anatomic variation. This study performed in a large series of patients will possibly contribute to better understanding of this particular anomaly. (orig.)

Sirikci, Akif; Bayram, Metin [Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep University, Kolejtepe, 27310, Gaziantep (Turkey); Bayazit, Y.A.; Kanlikama, Muzaffer [Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep University, Kolejtepe, 27310, Gaziantep (Turkey)

2004-02-01

344

Papel da punção do seio maxilar no diagnóstico e no tratamento de pacientes com rinossinusite hospitalar / The role of maxillary sinus puncture on the diagnosis and treatment of patients with hospital-acquired rhinosinusitis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Languages: English, Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A rinossinusite é uma das principais causas de febre em pacientes críticos e deve ser sistematicamente pesquisada. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o impacto da punção do seio maxilar à beira leito, no diagnóstico e no tratamento dos pacientes com rinossinusite infecciosa internados em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva [...] de um hospital universitário de alta complexidade. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo que avaliou os pacientes em ventilação mecânica com febre de origem indeterminada e sinais tomográficos de rinossinusite submetidos à punção do seio maxilar pelo meato inferior. RESULTADOS: A amostra total do estudo consistiu de 27 pacientes (70,3% do sexo masculino com média de idade 45,3 anos). Os diagnósticos de admissão mais frequentes na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva foram Trauma Crânio Encefálico e Acidente Vascular Cerebral. No exame tomográfico, os seios paranasais mais acometidos foram o maxilar, em 85,2%, e esfenoidal, em 74,1%. A secreção purulenta foi visualizada no meato médio em 30,7% das fossas nasais. Os microrganismos mais frequentes nos aspirados dos seios foram Pseudomonas aeruginosa e Acinetobacter baumannii. CONCLUSÃO: A punção do seio maxilar à beira leito demonstrou-se uma importante ferramenta diagnóstica e terapêutica nos pacientes de UTI com rinossinusite hospitalar, submetidos à ventilação mecânica invasiva. Abstract in english Rhinosinusitis is one of the most commom causes of fever of unknown origin in critically ill patients and should be systematically searched. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the diagnostic and therapeutic effect of maxillary sinus puncture performed at the bedside in patients with infective rh [...] inosinusitis hospitalized in an Intensive Care Unit of a high complexity care hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study looks into patients on mechanical ventilation with fever of unknown origin and signs of rhinosinusitis on CT images who were submitted to inferior meatus maxillary sinus puncture. RESULTS: The total study sample consisted of 27 patients (70.3% male; mean age 45.3 years). The most common Intensive Care Unit admission diagnoses were head trauma and stroke. CT scans revealed the maxillary (85.2%) and sphenoid (74.1%) sinuses were the most involved paranasal sinuses. Middle meatus purulent drainage was seen in 30.7% of the nasal cavities. Fever was reduced in 70.4% of the patients after puncture (p

José Arruda, Mendes Neto; Viviane Maria, Guerreiro; Elcio Roldan, Hirai; Eduardo Macoto, Kosugi; Rodrigo de Paula, Santos; Luis Carlos, Gregório.

2012-08-01

345

Sinuses / Sinusitis / Rhinosinusitis  

Science.gov (United States)

Share | Sinuses|Sinusitis|Rhinosinusitis « Back to A to Z Listing The sinuses are located in the front of the face in ... into the nose. Rhinosinusitis, commonly referred to as sinusitis, occurs when the sinus openings become blocked or ...

346

Bilateral postoperative maxillary cysts after orthognathic surgery: A case report  

OpenAIRE

Postoperative maxillary cysts are locally aggressive lesions, usually developing as delayed complications many years after radical antral surgery. This report describes a case of bilateral postoperative maxillary cysts following orthognathic surgery performed approximately 21 years previously. The patient complained of stinging pain on her right cheek. Radiographic examination revealed low-attenuation lesions on both maxillary sinuses with discontinuously corticated margins without distinct e...

Lee, Jung-hye; Huh, Kyung-hoe; Yi, Won-jin; Heo, Min-suk; Lee, Sam-sun; Choi, Soon-chul

2014-01-01

347

Preoperative concurrent CBDCA chemotherapy and accelerated hyperfractionated radiotherapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary region  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Between 1994 and 2000, 28 patients with T3/T4 squamus cell carcinoma of the maxillary region (maxillary sinus, 22; maxillary gingiva, 4; maxillary bone, 1; buccal mucosa, 1) had accelerated hyperfractionated radiotherapy combined with simultaneous CBDCA chemotherapy preoperatively, at Chiba Cancer Center Hospital. The protocol consisted of combined therapy with accelerated hyperfractionated irradiation of 1.6 Gy, twice a day, to a total dose of 32.0-51.2 Gy and concurrent intra-arterial or intravenous infusion of CBDCA 20-30 mg/body/day for a cumulative total dose of 270-480 mg. After completion of the preoperative combined therapy, the clinical CR rate was 17.9%, and the good PR·CR rate was 32.1%. According to the initial findings and response to the combined therapy, all patients had maxillectomy (subtotal, 3; total, 16; extended, 9) 4 weeks after completion of the preoperative combined therapy. Postoperatively, the complete pathologic response (Ohboshi and Shimozato's classification, grade III and IV) rate was 28.6%. And the actuarial local control rate was 85.7%, with a mean follow-up of 46.2 months. Based on these results, we believe this preoperative therapy with CBDCA chemotherapy and accelerated hyperfractionated radiation is a significant choice as treatment for squamous cell cancer of the maxillary region. (author)

348

Reconstrução do seio maxilar atrófico com enxerto autólogo de crista ilíaca: avaliação por tomografia computadorizada e radiografia panorâmica Autologus crest iliac graft in the reconstruction of resorbed maxillary sinus: evaluation through computed tomography and panoramic radiography  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: As dificuldades para a utilização de implantes dentários osteointegrados em pacientes portadores de atrofia do seio maxilar justificaram o emprego de enxerto autólogo não vascularizado de crista ilíaca isolado ou associado à hidroxiapatita (HA em 14 pacientes submetidos a 25 procedimentos no Hospital das Nações, Curitiba, Paraná, portadores de atrofia do sinus maxilar. O objetivo foi avaliar comparativamente a precisão da tomografia computadorizada e da radiografia panorâmica, através da quantificação da neoformação óssea nesta estrutura. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionadas pacientes edentados, com altura óssea residual do rebordo gengival ao soalho do seio maxilar menor que 5mm. O enxerto medular de crista ilíaca fragmentada isolado ou misturado com HA foi colocado através da parede lateral no soalho atrófico da cuba maxilar por via submucosa. A avaliação quantitativa e qualitativa foi feita através da radiografia panorâmica e tomografia computadorizada, sendo utilizado na análise estatística a distribuição t de Student (prevalência de 0,05 para análise das variâncias, considerado que a leitura dos laudos radiológicos foi feita por dois especialistas, medindo a distância entre os pontos inferiores e superiores do enxerto no soalho do seio maxilar. RESULTADOS: Tivemos um ganho médio de 14,8mm em todos os procedimentos, com um erro maior que 3mm em 16 procedimentos (64% e incorporação satisfatória do enxerto ósseo suficiente para futuro implante dentário. CONCLUSÕES: A tomografia computadorizada foi o método de escolha na avaliação qualitativa e quantitativa da incorporação de enxerto autólogo não vascularizado em seio maxilar atrófico.BACKGROUND:There are different methods to evaluate bone grafts in the maxillary sinus. Panoramic radiography is the most common one, even though assessment could be difficult. Occasionaly computerized tomography (CTis another option but cost and radiation in excess should be considered. Our objective is to compare these two imaging methods. METHODS: Both panoramic radiogrphy and CT scan methods were used on 25 procedures in 14 patients on post-operative sinus lift with autogenous bone graft from the iliac crest. Two radiologists evaluated the quantity of the newly formed bone and the quality of the exam for each patient, through different imaging groups. RESULTS: The quantitative bone evaluation between the two types of exam showed a statistically significant difference (Student t-test=0,05 In some cases the difference was up to 14,8 mm between exams on the same patient, having an error of more than 3mm in 16 procedures (64%. CONCLUSIONS: It can be concluded that the quality of the image on the computerized tomography is superior and it is the most reliable method to determine the area of bone augmentation of the maxillary sinus after an antroplasty.

André Luíz Zétola

2002-02-01

349

Sinus lift procedures: an overview of current techniques.  

Science.gov (United States)

For more than 30 years the maxillary sinus augmentation graft has been a mainstay of implant-directed maxillary reconstruction. The purpose of this article is to review the fundamentals of maxillary sinus reconstruction including anatomy and physiology of the sinus, indications for surgery, preoperative evaluation, surgical techniques, and management of complications. While there are some relative contraindications for the procedure, there are almost no absolute contraindications. With preparation, education, and experience, the maxillary sinus augmentation/elevation graft is a procedure that greatly benefits the patient, with a predictable outcome. PMID:22117952

Stern, Avichai; Green, James

2012-01-01

350

Osteoma of paranasal sinuses of a horse  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A 2-year-old Quarter Horse gelding was examined for torticollis, facial protuberances over the frontal and maxillary sinuses, and persistent nasal discharge unresponsive to antibiotics. Radiograph revealed an osseous mass in the right paranasal sinuses. Histologic examination of the biopsied mass led to a diagnosis of osteoma. The mass was removed surgically in sections from the right frontal and maxillary sinuses through separate bone flaps, and sinuses were irrigated with saline solution for 8 days after surgery. Two weeks after surgery, radiography revealed small osseous opacities in the right paranasal sinuses. These opacities remained unchanged in radiographs obtained up to 23 months after surgery

351

Normal value of mucosal thickness of paranasal sinuses, as seen on brain MRI  

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To evaluate incidentally observed thickened mucosa of paranasal sinuses on brain MRI of patients without evidence of sinusitis. We reviewed brain MRI of 82 adults aged over 20; 45 were males and 37 were females. Brain axial MRI was obtained from the hard palate with 8mm thickness and 2mm gap. The mucosal thickness of incidentally observed paranasal sinuses seen on brain MRI was measured at the mostly thickened portion by T2- and T1-weighted images. The mean mucosal thickness at the most thickened portion of paranasal sinuses, regardless of their location was 3.5mm with S.D. of 1.5mm. The mucosal thickening was observed more commonly in maxillary (79 patients, mean 3.0mm, S.D. 1.4mm) and ethmoid sinuses (80 patients, mean 2.7mm, S.D. 1.1mm) than in sphenoid (39 patients, mean 1.6mm, S.D. 1.4mm) or frontal sinuses (38 patients, mean 1.9mm, S.D. 1.4mm). Mucosal thickening of up to 6.5mm was a common finding on brain MRI of patients without evidence of sinusitis; accuracy was 95%.

Cheon, Byung Kook; Shin, Sang Bum; Cheon, Bong Jin; Kim, Seong Min; Kim, Jong Min; Oh, Kyung Seung; Jung, Gyoo Sik; Huh, Jin Do; Joh, Young Duk [Kosin Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1997-02-01

352

Cinco casos de elevación del seno maxilar con autoinjertos: Estudio clínico, radiológico y análisis con MEB / Five clinical cases of augmentation of the maxillary sinus with autogenous bone graft: A clinical, radiological study and analysis with SEM  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: Realizamos una evaluación clínica, radiológica y análisis con microscopio electrónico de barrido (MEB) de 5 casos de elevación del seno maxilar (unilateral y bilateral) con injerto autógeno procedente de la cresta ilíaca y de la sínfisis mentoniana. Pacientes y método: Se realizó un es [...] tudio observacional de seguimiento en 5 pacientes (2 hombres y 3 mujeres) al primer mes, sexto mes y al primer año de la colocación del injerto, en el cual se midieron una serie de parámetros clínicos y radiológicos. Este estudio se completó con el análisis del injerto mediante MEB. Resultados: El injerto ha sido viable, permitiendo la realización del tratamiento implantológico. Sin embargo ha habido sintomatología que ha variado según el paciente, siendo la inflamación y el dolor los síntomas más frecuentes. La reabsorción del injerto se ha mantenido con niveles inferiores al 30%, siendo menor en el injerto procedente de la sínfisis mentoniana. Histológicamente los mecanismos de formación y de remodelación del nuevo hueso se han producido satisfactoriamente. Conclusión: La elevación del seno maxilar con autoinjertos es un tratamiento factible que posibilita la colocación de implantes en pacientes con atrofia posterior del maxilar superior. Abstract in english Introduction: We report a clinical and radiological evaluation and analysis with SEM of 5 clinical cases of augmentation of the maxillary sinus (unilateral and bilateral) with autogenous bone graft harvested of the illiac crest and mandibular symphysis. Material and method: We carried out a retrospe [...] ctive study in 5 patients (2 males and 3 females) with a follow-up at first month, sixth month and first year after bone transplantation, and evaluated clinical and radiological parameters. This study was completed with an histological analysis of the bone graft using SEM. Results: The bone graft was successful, allowing the implant treatment. However, there have been variable symptoms depending on the patients, being the inflammation and the pain the more frequent symptoms. The resorption of the bone graft was maintained with levels lower than 30%, being lesser in the bone graft harvested of the symphysis. Histologically, the mechanism of the formation and remodelation of the new bone were carried out satisfactorily. Conclusions: The augmentation of the maxillary sinus with autogenous bone graft is a feasible treatment that allows the placement of implants in patients with atrophy in the posterior part of the maxilla.

Consuelo, Muñoz Muñoz; María de Nuria, Romero Olid; Manuel, Vallecillo Capilla.

2002-04-01

353

Fungal Involvement in Patients with Paranasal Sinusitis  

OpenAIRE

Fungal involvement of the paranasal sinuses is frequently observed in the immunocompromised host and it can become lifethreatening if it is not diagnosed. Definitive diagnosis is made by tissue biopsy and culture. In this study biopsy materials of maxillary, ethmoidal and frontal sinuses of 60 patients with clinical manifestation of sinusitis and no response to medical therapy were assessed by mycological and pathological methods for the presence of fungi. Invasive fungal sinusitis was diagno...

Kordbacheh, P.; Zaini, F.; Emami, M.; Borghei, H.; Khaghanian, M.; Safara, M.

2004-01-01

354

Treatment of an Extensive Maxillary Cyst Using Nasal Airway and Balloon Catheter Devices  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction. Large maxillary cysts occasionally expand into the maxilla and erode the maxillary sinus and nasal cavity. The Caldwell-Luc procedure is the recommended treatment for large maxillary sinus cysts. However, it is hard to preserve the nasal space in the case of large maxillary sinus cysts that penetrate into the nasal cavity. Methods. A 22-year-old man who had large maxillary sinus cysts was referred to our department for a surgical treatment. After removing the cyst from the maxillary sinus using the Caldwell-Luc procedure, we used nasal airway and balloon catheter devices to preserve the space of the inferior nasal meatus and maxillary sinus. These devices were removed 10 days postoperatively. Insertion and removal of both devices were simple and painless. Findings. The nasal airway and balloon catheter devices were useful for performing maxillary sinus surgery to remove large cysts. Our method was satisfactorily safe and was an effective minimally invasive treatment that preserved the space of the inferior nasal meatus and maxillary sinus. PMID:24804124

Fukumoto, Chonji; Higo, Morihiro; Endo-Sakamoto, Yosuke; Ogawara, Katsunori; Shiiba, Masashi; Tanzawa, Hideki; Uzawa, Katsuhiro

2014-01-01

355

Avaliação histológica de hidroxiapatita sintética associada a fosfato de cálcio (?-TCP) utilizados em levantamento de assoalho de seio maxilar / Histological evaluation of biphasic hydroxyapatite associated to beta tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP) used in maxillary sinus lift  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Introdução: Quando a altura do osso alveolar residual é insuficiente na região posterior da maxila, a elevação do assoalho do seio maxilar visando a viabilizar a instalação de implantes dentários é um procedimento indicado. O enxerto autógeno (EA) de regiões intra ou extraorais é considerado o padr [...] ão ouro para esse procedimento. Novas opções de substitutos ósseos vêm surgindo, como o Straumann(r) BoneCeramic (BC) - 60% constituído de hidroxiapatita e 40% de ? tricálcio fosfato, 100% sintético -, sendo o material utilizado no presente trabalho. Objetivo: Avaliar e comparar histologicamente o comportamento deste substituto ósseo com o enxerto ósseo autógeno. Material e método: Dez pacientes saudáveis e parcialmente desdentados na região posterior da maxila foram submetidos à elevação do assoalho do seio maxilar previamente à instalação de implantes dentários osseointegráveis, sendo, destes, cinco com EA e cinco com BC. Após seis meses do tempo de integração do enxerto ósseo, as amostras foram coletadas por uma trefina e coradas em hematoxilina e eosina para microscopia. Resultado: Todos os implantes osseointegráveis apresentaram boa estabilidade primária. A análise histológica demonstrou tecido ósseo neoformado viável em quatro das cinco amostras do BC, além de um íntimo contato do tecido ósseo mineralizado recém-formado com as partículas do BC. Em uma amostra do BC, não foi observada formação de osso viável. O tecido ósseo formado a partir do EA e do BC apresentou uma característica histológica similar. Conclusão: O BC se mostrou um material adequado para a elevação do assoalho do seio maxilar previamente à instalação de implantes dentários osseointegráveis. Abstract in english Introduction: Sinus lift to permit insertion of implants when alveolar residual bone height is insufficient may be considered an effective procedure. The use of autogenous bone from intraoral or extraoral sources is considered as the gold standard for this procedure. New options of bone substitutes [...] have been emphasizing, such as Straumann(r) BoneCeramic (BC), consisting of 60% of hydroxyapatite and 40% of calcium phosphate, 100% synthetic material that was used in this work. Objective: This investigation was designed to evaluate and compare the behavior of a fully synthetic biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) 60% hydroxyapatite and 40% of ?-tricalcium phosphate (Straumann(r) Bone-Ceramic) to the autogenous bone graft (ABG) in maxillary sinus floor elevation procedure prior to installation dental implants. Material and method: Ten healthy patients who were partially edentulous in the posterior maxilla were included in this study and submitted to a unilateral maxillary sinus floor elevation procedure, with grafting using either ABG (control group; 5 patients) or BCP (test group; 5 patients). After 6 months of healing implant sites were created and biopsies taken for histological analyses. Result: A primary stability was achieved with all dental implants after the biopsies. Histological investigation showed a viable new bone tissue formed in 4 of 5 BCP specimens. Also, showed close contact between new bone and BCP particles, in 4 of 5 specimens. In 1 of 5 BCP specimens no viable bone tissue was found. Both ABG and BCP produced similar amounts of newly formed bone, with similar histologic appearance. Conclusion: The results indicate that BCP is a suitable material for sinus augmentation for the placement of dental implants.

Luis Gustavo Jaime, Paiva; Aline Carvalho, Batista; Leandro Cardoso de, Carvalho; Robson Rodrigues, Garcia.

2014-04-01

356

Reconstrução do seio maxilar atrófico com enxerto autólogo de crista ilíaca: avaliação por tomografia computadorizada e radiografia panorâmica / Autologus crest iliac graft in the reconstruction of resorbed maxillary sinus: evaluation through computed tomography and panoramic radiography  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: As dificuldades para a utilização de implantes dentários osteointegrados em pacientes portadores de atrofia do seio maxilar justificaram o emprego de enxerto autólogo não vascularizado de crista ilíaca isolado ou associado à hidroxiapatita (HA) em 14 pacientes submetidos a 25 procedimento [...] s no Hospital das Nações, Curitiba, Paraná, portadores de atrofia do sinus maxilar. O objetivo foi avaliar comparativamente a precisão da tomografia computadorizada e da radiografia panorâmica, através da quantificação da neoformação óssea nesta estrutura. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionadas pacientes edentados, com altura óssea residual do rebordo gengival ao soalho do seio maxilar menor que 5mm. O enxerto medular de crista ilíaca fragmentada isolado ou misturado com HA foi colocado através da parede lateral no soalho atrófico da cuba maxilar por via submucosa. A avaliação quantitativa e qualitativa foi feita através da radiografia panorâmica e tomografia computadorizada, sendo utilizado na análise estatística a distribuição t de Student (prevalência de 0,05) para análise das variâncias, considerado que a leitura dos laudos radiológicos foi feita por dois especialistas, medindo a distância entre os pontos inferiores e superiores do enxerto no soalho do seio maxilar. RESULTADOS: Tivemos um ganho médio de 14,8mm em todos os procedimentos, com um erro maior que 3mm em 16 procedimentos (64%) e incorporação satisfatória do enxerto ósseo suficiente para futuro implante dentário. CONCLUSÕES: A tomografia computadorizada foi o método de escolha na avaliação qualitativa e quantitativa da incorporação de enxerto autólogo não vascularizado em seio maxilar atrófico. Abstract in english BACKGROUND:There are different methods to evaluate bone grafts in the maxillary sinus. Panoramic radiography is the most common one, even though assessment could be difficult. Occasionaly computerized tomography (CT)is another option but cost and radiation in excess should be considered. Our objecti [...] ve is to compare these two imaging methods. METHODS: Both panoramic radiogrphy and CT scan methods were used on 25 procedures in 14 patients on post-operative sinus lift with autogenous bone graft from the iliac crest. Two radiologists evaluated the quantity of the newly formed bone and the quality of the exam for each patient, through different imaging groups. RESULTS: The quantitative bone evaluation between the two types of exam showed a statistically significant difference (Student t-test=0,05) In some cases the difference was up to 14,8 mm between exams on the same patient, having an error of more than 3mm in 16 procedures (64%). CONCLUSIONS: It can be concluded that the quality of the image on the computerized tomography is superior and it is the most reliable method to determine the area of bone augmentation of the maxillary sinus after an antroplasty.

André Luíz, Zétola; João Luiz, Carlini; Ricardo Pires de, Souza; Abrão, Rapoport.

2002-02-01

357

Hyperaeration of the frontal sinus.  

Science.gov (United States)

The nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses constitute an anatomical and functional unit. Paranasal sinuses communicate with the nasal cavities, which are covered by the same mucosa, via small openings and narrow ducts that allow both aeration and sinus drainage. Anatomical variations of the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity are important in sinus diseases. Computerized tomography (CT) plays a critical role in evaluation of the patients with paranasal sinus pathology and variations. A 38-year-old man admitted to our clinic with headache and postnasal dripping for 1 year. His paranasal CT scanning revealed that there is hyperaeration of the frontal sinus which is in continuity with the sphenoid sinus. Hyperaeration of the sinuses may be kept in mind in a patient complaining of headache. PMID:16904279

Caylakli, Fatma; Cagici, Alper Can; Yilmazer, Cuneyt; Ozer, Fulya; Ozluoglu, Levent

2006-12-01

358

Oral squamous cell carcinoma of the maxilla, a second malignancy after a right ethmoido-maxillary chondrosarcoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

Squamous cell carcinoma is defined as an invasive epithelial neoplasm, with variable degrees of squamous differentiation, with or without keratinization. It is origins stand at the level of the keratinized stratified squamous epithelium (skin) or non-keratinized (oral mucosa, esophageal mucosa, uterine exocervical mucosa), but it can also be found in squamous metaplasia areas (uterine endocervix or trachea-bronchial tree). This report presents the case of an oral squamous cell carcinoma as a second malignancy in the same anatomical territory, in a patient with prior treatment for chondrosarcoma, both surgical and radiotherapy. The tumor had appeared 5-6 months prior and had undergone a relatively rapid growth, this being the patient's main motive for addressing the doctors. The tumor was greyish, with imprecisely demarcated margins, of firm consistency, bleeding and with local necrotic deposits. The tumor extended from the incisive region to the maxillary tuberosity, towards the cheek mucosa and the soft palate. After a large excision, the histopathological diagnosis was infiltrative keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma, with moderate differentiation, with origins in the oral mucosa, infiltrating the whole of the maxilla and the maxillary sinus mucosa. Approximately three months after the surgery, a new tumor appeared in the oral cavity, on superior and inferior mucosa of the right cheek, extending towards the right buccal commissure, implying a relapse of the primary tumor. Postoperative oncological therapy included standard chemotherapy, which resulted in favorable postoperative evolution. This case is interesting by the association, of two metachronous malignant tumors, of different histological origin: a chondrosarcoma and a squamous cell carcinoma, at an interval of 25 years. PMID:25607415

Suciu, Mircea; Morariu, Silviu Horia; Ormeni?an, Alina; Grigora?, Radu Ionu?; Bostan, Radu Horia; Mocanu, Simona; Vartolomei, Mihai Dorin; Cotoi, Ovidiu Simion

2014-01-01

359

Use of osteoscintigraphy for evaluation of course of reparative osteogenesis after plasty of anterior walls of maxillary and frontal sinuses by means of demineralized osteal allotransplants  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The possibilities of imaging reparative osteogenesis in 26 patients after osteoplasty on paranasal sinuses were studied. At the end of the first week after operation, in 3 mos, 6 mos, 9 mos, 12 mos scintigraphy with 99mTc-pyrophosphate (pyrphotech) was carried out to all the patients. The degree of radiopharmaceutical accumulation in the site of transplantation permitted to judge about the course of osteogenesis, to determine its intensity in different periods after operation. It is shown that osteoscintigraphy with 99mTc-pyrophosphate (pyrotech) is an objective method of reparative osteogenesis diagnosis and has a high precision

360

Normal development of paranasal sinuses in children: A CT study  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the normal development of the paranasal sinuses in children with CT, authors prospectively studied with brain CT scans of 260 children without known sinus disease, ranging image from 7 days to 16 years. Maximal anteroposterior and transverse diameters(mm) and maximal cross- sectional area(mm2) of both sides of the maxillary sinus were measured with the aid of computer device. As to the ethmoidal and spheroidal sinuses, we simply documented the presence of the aplastic ethmoidal sinus and calculated the age-incidence of the spheroidal sinus pneumatization, respectively.There noted three phases in the development of the maxillary sinus. The anteroposterior and transverse diameters of the maxillary sinus increased nearly in parallel. The former was always greater than the latter. In no cases was the edathamil sinus aplastic and almost all sinuses were pneumatized even in infants as early as 7 old days. CT identified the conchal pattern of sphenoidal sinus pneumatization infants as early as 11 days old. Sphenoidal sinus pneumatization was seen in 38% of the children under the age of 1 year, 82% of the children between the age of 1 and 2 years, and almost all children older than 2 years. The anteroposterior and transverse diameters of the maxillary sinus seem to reach the adult size by 8 years of age, and the conchal pattern of sphemoidal sinus pneumatization can be recognized earlier with CT than on the plain radiographsn radiographs

361

Fungal Sinusitis  

Science.gov (United States)

Fungal Sinusitis Fungal Sinusitis Patient Health Information News media interested in covering the latest from AAO-HNS/F can ... sinusitis results. There Are Four Types Of Fungal Sinusitis: Mycetoma Fungal Sinusitis produces clumps of spores, a " ...

362

"Silent sinus syndrome": One more indication for functional endoscopic sinus surgery  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. Silent sinus syndrome is a rare condition, characterized by spontaneous and progressive enophthalmos and hypoglobus associated with atelectasis of the maxillary sinus and downward displacement of the orbital floor. Patients with this syndrome present with ophthalmological complaints, without any nasal or sinus symptoms. Silent sinus syndrome has a painless course and slow development. It seems to be a consequence of maxillary sinus hypoventilation due to obstruction of the ostiomeatal unit. The CT scan findings are typical and definitely confirm the diagnosis of silent sinus syndrome. Case report. We present the case of a 35-year-old woman, with no history of orbital trauma or surgery. She had slight righthemifacial pressure with no sinonasal symptoms. The patient had no double vision nor other ophthalmological symptoms. The diagnosis of silent sinus syndrome was based on the gradual onset of enophthalmos and hypoglobus, in the absence of orbital trauma (including surgery or prior symptoms of sinus disease. On paranasal CT scans there was a complete opacification and atelectasis of the right maxillary sinus with downward bowing of the orbital floor. The patient was treated with functional endoscopic sinus surgery, with no orbital repair. Conclusion. Silent sinus syndrome presents with orbithopaties but is in fact a rhinologic disease, so all ophthalmologists, rhinologists and radiologists should know about it. The treatment of choice for silent sinus syndrome is functional endoscopic sinus surgery, which should be performed with extra care, by an experienced rhinosurgeon.

Jovan?evi? Ljiljana

2014-01-01

363

VALIDACIÓN DE LA PANORÁMICA TOMOGRÁFICA COMO HERRAMIENTA DIAGNÓSTICA PARA PATOLOGÍA DEL SENO MAXILAR / VALIDATION OF PANORAMIC TOMOGRAPHY AS A TOOL TO DIAGNOSE MAXILLARY SINUS PATHOLOGIES  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english INTRODUCCIÓN: la imaginología es importante en la valoración diagnóstica y una herramienta útil para la selección de procedimientos en pacientes de los que se sospecha patología maxilofacial. Entre las diferentes modalidades imaginológicas maxilofaciales se encuentran la radiografía panorámica y la [...] tomografía computarizada Cone beam, desarrollada como alternativa a la tomografía convencional, actualmente descrita como Gold standard para imaginología del área oral y maxilofacial. MÉTODOS:observación por dos evaluadores previamente calibrados de 100 tomografías Cone beam y 100 panorámicas tomográficas de pacientes seleccionados aleatoriamente; aplicación de análisis univariado, medidas de tendencia central, y definición de la sensibilidad, especificidad, valor predictivo positivo y negativo en tablas específicas de 2 x 2 aplicando el estudio prueba de una prueba. RESULTADOS: los resultados obtenidos muestran que la panorámica tomográfica tipo Cone beam como prueba diagnóstica frente a la tomografía computarizada Cone beam para evaluar imágenes compatibles con patología sinusal (pólipo, quiste y engrosamiento mucoso) tiene sensibilidad y especificidad variable dependiendo del tipo de patología sinusal, con nivel de confianza del 95% y con coeficiente de kappa con valor de 1 para las tomografías axiales computarizadas y de 0,94-1,0 para la panorámica tomográfica tipo Cone beam. CONCLUSIONES: la panorámica tomográfica Cone beam es lo suficientemente sensible y específica para ser utilizada como herramienta diagnóstica en patología de seno maxilar.

José S., Domínguez Mejía; Germán, Aguilar Méndez; Lisandro, Guerra Restrepo; Natalia, Contreras Gómez; Ana M., Aristizábal.

2013-06-01

364

A bullet in the maxillary antrum and infratemporal fossa.  

Science.gov (United States)

A young male patient was shot from a revolver on his left temple from a close range, but surprisingly he survived. On imaging, a complete bullet was found occupying his left maxillary sinus and infratemporal fossa. The bullet, after hitting and breaking the neck of the mandible on the left side, ricocheted and entered the left maxillary sinus through its posterior wall. It was removed safely by a combination of sublabial antrotomy and endoscopic approach. PMID:23852256

Goswami, Saileswar

2013-01-01

365

Intra-sinusal third molar: Case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Ectopic tooth eruption into an area other than the oral cavity is rare. Nasal septum, mandibular condyle, coronoid process and infratemporal fossa space have been reported as frequent locations for ectopic tooth eruption. Ectopic teeth located within the maxillary sinus may be asymptomatic, found only in routine examinations. Headache, sinusitis and nasal obstruction are some of the associated symptoms. The differential diagnosis includes foreign bodies (rhinolith, infections (syphilis and tuberculosis, benign lesions (hemangioma, osteoma, calcifi ed polyp and malign lesions (osteosarcoma. Upper third molars located within the maxillary sinus may be associated with the development of mucocele or dentigerous cyst. The aim of this paper was to describe the case of a 24-year old female patient with an ectopic right upper third molar in the maxillary sinus. A hyperdense area was observed with sinus obliteration, consistent with mucous material.

Frederico Sampaio Neves

2011-01-01

366

Tumor odontogênico cístico calcificante com proliferação ameloblastomosa em seio maxilar / Calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor with ameloblastoma proliferation in the maxillary sinus  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O tumor odontogênico cístico calcificante (TOCC) com proliferação ameloblastomosa é uma variante rara entre os cistos maxilares. Este trabalho objetiva apresentar o relato clínico de um paciente do sexo masculino, 18 anos de idade, que apresentava aumento de volume extra e intraoral do lado esquerdo [...] da maxila, firme à palpação, de característica normocrômica e indolor. A conduta consistiu em realização de tomografia Cone Beam, biópsia incisional, remoção completa da lesão, curetagem e fixação maxilar. O paciente encontra-se em acompanhamento clínico e radiográfico sem recidiva após doze meses. Dessa forma, ressalta-se a importância do diagnóstico precoce, a conduta clínica empregada e o acompanhamento periódico. Abstract in english Calcifying cystic odontogenic tumors (CCOT) with proliferative ameloblastoma are a rare variant among maxillary cysts. This study aims to present a clinical report of an 18-year-old male patient with extra and intra oral swelling of the left maxilla, firm to touch, with normochromic characteristics [...] and painless. The clinical approach comprised cone-beam tomography, incisional biopsy, complete removal of the lesion, curettage and maxilla fixation. His clinical and radiographic follow-up has revealed no relapse after 12 months. Hence, this study corroborates the importance of early diagnosis, clinical approach and periodical follow-ups.

Maria Carolina Gonçalves, Carnasciali; Thays Almeida, Alfaya; Patricia Nivoloni, Tannure; Ruth Tramontani, Ramos; Roberta, Barcelos; Cresus Vinicius Depes, Gouvêa.

2012-08-01

367

Extensive nasopharyngeal angiofibromas: the maxillary swing approach.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and outcome using the maxillary swing approach for the management of extensive nasopharyngeal angiofibromas. A retrospective analysis in a tertiary care center revealed five cases with extensive nasal angiofibromas operated using the maxillary swing approach between 2010 and 2012. All patients had tumor extension to the lateral-most portions of the infratemporal fossa with complete occupation and destruction of the lateral wall of the sphenoid sinus causing abutment to the cavernous sinus and complete involvement of the pterygopalatine fossa and pterygoid base. One patient displayed full occupancy of the maxillary sinus as a consequence of erosion of the posterior and medial walls of the maxillary sinus, while another had severe temporal lobe compression through the roof of the infratemporal fossa. All patients underwent tumor excision using the maxillary swing approach. Patients were followed up for a minimum period of 1 year after surgery. The maxillary swing approach gave optimal exposure of the entire central skull base including the infratemporal fossa and its extreme lateral and superior aspects. Adequate tumor exposure and vascular control could be achieved in all cases resulting in complete tumor excision. The mean operative time was 4.5 h. Post-operative healing was satisfactory with palatal fistula formation in two cases and all patients remaining disease-free up to the present time. One had minimal misalignment of the halves of the upper jaw and two had epiphora, of which one required dacryocystorhinostomy. The maxillary swing is an effective approach in the management of extensive nasopharyngeal angiofibromas and leads to optimal anatomical exposure with minimal morbidity. PMID:24389983

Mathur, Neeraj Narayan; Vashishth, Ashish

2014-11-01

368

Multiple glass pieces in paranasal sinuses.  

Science.gov (United States)

Here, a case has been reported of a road traffic accident with multiple glass pieces arranged in an unusual pattern in the left maxillary sinus, ethmoid sinus, nasopharynx and medial side of the orbit, as seen in the radiographs. Combined surgical approach through the existing wound and endoscopic surgery was successfully used to remove nearly all the glass pieces. PMID:22484883

Mohiuddin, Syed Ahmed; Rahiman, Shazia; Sultana, Shammeem

2011-01-01

369

Clinical consideration of fungal paranasal sinusitis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fungal paranasal sinusitis is included in the differential diagnosis of unilateral paranasal lesion. Recently the incidence of fungal paranasal sinusitis has been increasing. We reviewed 24 patients (9 males and 15 females) with fungal paranasal sinusitis treated at Muroran City Hospital between January 2001 and May 2006, and clinical presentation and CT findings with those of 56 patients (36 males and 20 females) with chronic unilateral sinusitis. Fungal sinusitis patients ranged in age from 45 to 87, and the average age was 65.9 years old. In contrast, the age of chronic sinusitis patients ranged from 24 to 83, and the average age was 54.4 years old. The chief complaint of both fungal sinusitis and chronic sinusitis included rhinorrhea, nasal obstruction and post nasal discharge. CT exam was performed in all patients. In 23 cases of paranasal fungal sinusitis and 54 cases of chronic sinusitis the findings involved the maxillary sinus. The most common observation (69.6%) was bone density within the affected sinus in fungal sinusitis. However, only 2 cases of chronic sinusitis (3.9%) showed calcification. All cases of fungal sinusitis were diagnosed by pathological examinations. Most cases were proved to be aspergillus, while only one case was mucor. We treated all cases surgically, 18 cases underwent Caldwell-Luc's procedure and 5 cases underwent endoscopic sinus surgery under local anesthesia. (author)

370

Chondrosarcoma of nose and paranasal sinus - a rare presentation  

OpenAIRE

Chondrosarcoma, the most malignant cartilageneous tumor, constitute only 4% of non-epithelial tumours of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses and nasopharynx, making it one of the rarest malignancies. Here we present a case of Grade 1 chondrosarcoma involving nose, maxillary sinus, ethmoids and sphenoid sinus managed surgically by wide excision. 12 months follow-up reveled no recurrence or complication.

Jaswal, Abhishek; Jana, Avik Kumar; Sikder, Biswajit; Jana, Utpal; Nandi, Tapan Kumar

2008-01-01