WorldWideScience
1

Maxillary sinus floor elevation surgery : effects on maxillary sinus performance  

OpenAIRE

In a prospective study, the effects of elevation surgery of the maxillary sinus floor on maxillary sinus physiology were assessed. Seventeen consecutive patients without preoperative anamnestic, clinical and radiological signs of maxillary sinusitis underwent sinus floor elevation surgery with iliac crest bone grafts. All patients were subjected to unilateral endoscopic examination of the maxillary sinus, taking of a biopsy specimen from the sinus floor mucosa, and collection of a sinus lavag...

Timmenga, Nicolaas Marius

2003-01-01

2

Bilateral maxillary sinus aplasia  

OpenAIRE

Bilateral maxillary sinus aplasia is an extremely rare congenital anomaly. Only a few cases have been reported in the literature. We present a 24- year-old woman with bilateral maxillary sinus aplasia associated with the bilateral absence
of the uncinate process and infundibular passage on CT images.
KEY WORDS: Maxillary sinus, aplasia, computed tomography.

Seied Mehdi Sonbolestan; Seied Mohammad Javad Marashi; Hamed Abasi

2007-01-01

3

Bilateral Maxillary Sinus Hypoplasia  

OpenAIRE

Maxillary sinus hypoplasia (MSH) is an uncommon abnormality of paranasal sinuses noted in clinical practice. Computed tomography (CT) scan helps in diagnosing the anomaly along with any anatomical variation that may be associated with it. MSH is usually associated with other anomalies like uncinate process hypoplasia. Three types of MSH have been described. Type 1 MSH shows mild maxillary sinus hypoplasia, type 2 shows significant sinus hypoplasia with narrowed infundibular passage and hypopl...

Khanduri, Sachin; Agrawal, Sumit; Chhabra, Saakshi; Goyal, Swati

2014-01-01

4

Bilateral Maxillary Sinus Hypoplasia  

Science.gov (United States)

Maxillary sinus hypoplasia (MSH) is an uncommon abnormality of paranasal sinuses noted in clinical practice. Computed tomography (CT) scan helps in diagnosing the anomaly along with any anatomical variation that may be associated with it. MSH is usually associated with other anomalies like uncinate process hypoplasia. Three types of MSH have been described. Type 1 MSH shows mild maxillary sinus hypoplasia, type 2 shows significant sinus hypoplasia with narrowed infundibular passage and hypoplastic or absent uncinate process, and type 3 is cleft like maxillary sinus hypoplasia with absent uncinate process. CT and endoscopic examination usually complement each other in diagnosing MSH. PMID:25548709

Khanduri, Sachin; Agrawal, Sumit; Goyal, Swati

2014-01-01

5

Optical properties of human maxillary sinus mucosa and estimation of Methylene Blue diffusion coefficient in the tissue  

Science.gov (United States)

The optical properties of human maxillary sinus mucosa were measured in the wavelength range 400-2000 nm. The measurements were carried out using the commercially available spectrophotometer with the integrating sphere. The inverse adding-doubling method has been used to determine the absorption and reduced scattering coefficients from the measurements. Diffusion of Methylene Blue in the mucous tissue has been studied in vitro and value of the diffusion coefficient of Methylene Blue in the tissue has been estimated at 20°C as (4.77+/-2.9)x10-7 cm2/sec.

Bashkatov, Alexey N.; Genina, Elina A.; Kochubey, Vyacheslav I.; Tuchin, Valery V.; Chikina, Elena E.; Knyazev, Anatoly B.; Mareev, Oleg V.

2005-06-01

6

Endoscopic sinus surgery for maxillary sinus mucoceles  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Maxillary sinus mucoceles are relatively rare among all paranasal sinus mucoceles. With the introduction of endoscopic sinus surgical techniques, rhinologic surgeons prefer transnasal endoscopic management of sinus mucoceles. The aim of this study is to describe the clinical presentation of maxillary sinus mucoceles and to establish the efficacy of endoscopic management of sinus mucoceles. Methods Between 2003 and 2005, 14 patients underwent ...

Cagici Alper; Yavuz Haluk; Caylakli Fatma; Ozluoglu Levent

2006-01-01

7

[Cefotiam passage into the maxillary sinus tissues].  

Science.gov (United States)

Clinical study was made on cefotiam (CTM) and the following results were obtained. Tissue concentrations of CTM were determined 1 hour after intravenous injection (CTM 1 g) in chronic sinusitis and maxillary cyst. Concentrations of CTM were 16.53 micrograms/g, 13.26 micrograms/g in mucosa of the maxillary sinus, maxillary cyst, respectively. Antibacterial activity of CTM was measured on Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Aerococcus, Acidaminococcus fermentans, Peptostreptococcus anaerobius; that were isolated from pus of maxillary sinus. The highest MIC on them was 3.13 micrograms/ml. PMID:6325743

Nakashima, M; Ikoma, H; Yokoyama, M; Suzuki, T; Sugihara, S

1983-10-01

8

Maxillary sinus haematoma  

OpenAIRE

The maxillary sinus haematoma is an uncommon cause of a maxillary sinus mass. It presents with a variety of symptoms, the most common being epistaxis. Although histologically benign, it may be clinically progressive. Radiological findings can range from a benign appearance to a more aggressive process, including bony erosion. Surgical evacuation is the mainstay of therapy. We describe our experience in managing this condition and review available literature on the subject.

Lim, M.; Lew-gor, S.; Beale, T.; Ramsay, A.; Lund, V. J.

2008-01-01

9

Schwannoma of maxillary sinus  

OpenAIRE

Schwannoma, also known as neurilemmoma, is a solitary, encapsulated peripheral tumour of neuroectodermal derivation that originates from schwann cells of neural sheath of motor/ sensory peripheral nerves or sympathetic nerves. About one- third of all schwannomas occur in head and neck region but nose and paranasal sinuses, are rare sites. We report a case of schwannoma arising from the maxillary sinus and eroding the orbital floor. To the best of our knowledge, this is the sixth; case of schw...

Khanna, Sanjay; Gupta, S. C.; Singh, P. A.

2003-01-01

10

Maxillary sinus nodular fasciitis  

OpenAIRE

Nodular fasciitis is a rare and benign inflammatory condition; however, it can be misdiagnosed as a malignant lesion. We report a unique case of nodular fasciitis arising from the maxillary sinus in a 2-year-old child. Our English literature review (PubMed search), revealed a total of 3 cases published as nodular fasciitis in the para-nasal sinuses, each with a different management approach. 

Alsaied, Abdulmalik S.; Lotfy, Mohammed A.

2014-01-01

11

Aspergillosis of the maxillary sinus  

OpenAIRE

A rare cse of aspergillosis of the maxillary sinus is reported. Surgical excision including the lining of the infected sinus is the preferred method of treatment. Antifungal therapy does not seem to affect the prognosis of this disease.

Agarwal, M. K.; Shukla, P. K.

1998-01-01

12

Mucopyocele of the maxillary sinus  

OpenAIRE

Mucoceles are defined as chronic, cystic lesions in the paranasal sinuses. When the mucocele content becomes infected, the lesion is defined as mucopyocele. Most mucoceles are located in the frontal and anterior ethmoid sinuses and normally they involve the frontal-ethmoid complex, expanding to the superior-medial region of the orbit, leading to ocular disorders; maxillary sinus presentation is rare. In the present article, the authors described a rare case of mucopyocele in the maxillary sinus.

Kshar, Avinash; Patil, Abhijeet; Umarji, Hemant; Kadam, Sonali

2014-01-01

13

[Right maxillary sinus epidermoid cyst huge: report of 1 case].  

Science.gov (United States)

Dermoid cysts occur in the maxillary sinus mucosa were rare. Patient's CT showed: maxillary sinuses Sinus cavity expansion, sinus wall thinning. The inside of the sinus wall disappeared, the maxillary sinus filled with soft tissue mass shadow. Bacterial culture: Staphylococcus aureus. Pathological report: a very small a mount of scattered broken squamous epithelium and keratosis, no atypia cells. Lesions consistent with epidermoid cyst. Patients with epidermoid cysts, formated probably in the process of embryonic development, the reasons of rapid growth may be considered for inflammatory stimulation. PMID:25322619

Ren, Dapeng; Pan, Hongfei; Zheng, Xiaochun

2014-08-01

14

Large pneumocele of the right maxillary sinus  

OpenAIRE

Introduction: The pneumocele is a pathological expansion of paranasal sinus containing only air, which can move the nearby structures. Radiologically is a hiperneumatizacion and elongation of paranasal sinus, that can be associated with bone loss. Description: Patient with facial fullness and pains on right side, occasionally nasal blockage that worsen with pressure changes, at exploration presents protrusion of maxillary mucosa into the nostril. Discussion: Pneumoceles can occur in any paran...

Mena-domi?nguez Ea, Torres-morientes Lm

2013-01-01

15

Large pneumocele of the right maxillary sinus  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: The pneumocele is a pathological expansion of paranasal sinus containing only air, which can move the nearby structures. Radiologically is a hiperneumatizacion and elongation of paranasal sinus, that can be associated with bone loss. Description: Patient with facial fullness and pains on right side, occasionally nasal blockage that worsen with pressure changes, at exploration presents protrusion of maxillary mucosa into the nostril. Discussion: Pneumoceles can occur in any paranasal sinus. Usually remain asymptomatic and they are not diagnosed until it takes place an external deformity or displacement of neighbouring structures to the sinus, causing symptoms. Conclusion: The maxillary sinus neumoceles are a rare differential diagnosis of mucocele, tumors and trigeminal neuralgia. Surgery is curative, preferring an endoscopic approach.

Mena-Domínguez EA, Torres-Morientes LM, Tavárez-Rodríguez JJ, Bauer M, Martín-Pascual MC, Morais-Pérez D

2013-10-01

16

Staphylococcal enterotoxin burden determines the type of T helper cell response and pathology of the maxillary sinus mucosa in rabbits.  

Science.gov (United States)

Staphylococcal enterotoxin (SE) induces T lymphocyte activation along with nasal allergic inflammation during rhinosinusitis, but it is under debate on which types of T helper (Th) cells respond exclusively or whether they respond synergically. We hypothesize that their responses may vary based on dose of SE. To test this hypothesis, we initiated to determine the nature of the T cell response and pathological feature upon repeated exposure to staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) at different doses in the maxillary sinus of rabbits. SEA (0.6 or 60 ng) was instilled daily into the left maxillary sinus of rabbits for 28 days. The right maxillary sinus receiving normal saline was used as control. Mucosal histological changes were examined by hematoxylin-eosin and toluidine blue staining. Tissue expression of myeloperoxidase (MPO), eosinophil cationic protein (ECP), T-box expressed in T cells (T-bet), and GATA binding protein 3 (GATA-3) were examined using immunohistochemistry. Mucosal levels of representative pro-inflammatory cytokines were measured using ELISA. SEA at 60 ng/day induced acute rhinosinusitis, as confirmed by CT scan. Histopathologic examination revealed epithelial disruption, subepithelial edema, and inflammatory cell infiltration. MPO and T-bet expression, as well as interleukin (IL)-2 and interferon (IFN)-? levels, were up-regulated. However, 0.6 ng/day SEA did not cause discharge. Histological examination revealed prominent eosinophilic infiltration. ECP and GATA-3 expression, as well as IL-4 and IL-5 levels, were increased at this lower dose. In conclusion, SEA induces acute rhinosinusitis associated with a Th1-type immune response at high dose, and a predominantly Th2-biased allergic inflammation at low dose. PMID:25466272

Wei, Hongqi; Yuan, Hui; Zhu, Zhengwen; Liu, Zhiyong; Xin, Jie; Wu, Xiaofan; Cao, Zhongsheng

2014-12-01

17

Mucociliary function during maxillary sinus floor elevation  

OpenAIRE

Maxillary sinus floor elevation carries the potential risk of compromising the sinus physiology. The aim of this study was to prospectively assess mucociliary function during maxillary sinus augmentation in patients without preoperative signs of maxillary sinusitis. Ten patients underwent unilateral sinus floor elevation under local anesthesia and endoscopic control. Methylene blue was dropped on the floor of the maxillary sinus to evaluate mucociliary function until the ostium region during ...

Berrone, Sid

2010-01-01

18

Ectopic third molar in the maxillary sinus  

OpenAIRE

Ectopic eruption of teeth into a region other than the oral cavity is rare although there have been reports of teeth in the nasal septum, mandibular condyle, coronoid process, palate, chin and maxillary sinus. Occasionally, a tooth may erupt in the maxillary sinus and present with local sinonasal symptoms attributed to chronic sinusitis. We present a case of an ectopic maxillary third molar tooth that caused chronic purulent sinusitis in relation to the right maxillary sinus.

Mohan, Shishir; Kankariya, Hasti; Harjani, Bhupendra; Sharma, Harendra

2011-01-01

19

Maxillary sinus textiloma: a case report  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Introduction Textilomas have been reported in many locations. We report the first case of textiloma located in the maxillary sinus that mimicked a sinus cyst recurrence on computed tomography images. Case presentation A 60-year-old Caucasian man was referred for persistent infection of the right maxillary sinus. A maxillary sinus benign cyst had been removed three months before. Computed tomography showed a sinus opacity evoking a cyst recurrence. A new...

Pons Yoann; Schouman Thomas

2010-01-01

20

Maxillary sinus antrostomy Pitfalls  

OpenAIRE

Endoscopic sinus surgery which is the commonly performed nasal surgery has its own problems if not performed properly. Success of maxillay sinus antrostomy depends on including the natural ostium to the antrostomy. For this to happen the natural ostium should be identified during the surgical procedure. Common cause of failure in endoscopic sinus surgery is the failure to address the uncinate process. In all cases it should be removed completely before proceeding further.

Balasubramanian Thiagarajan

2011-01-01

21

Mucocoele of the maxillary sinus  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background. Mucocoele is histopathologically benign, cystic change of paranasal sinuses filled with mucoid contents, which with its growth is pressuring and destroying local bone walls. In only 3% of the cases it can be localized in maxillary sinuses. Etiology is unknown. Pyocoele develops by secondary infection. Case report. The male patient was 21 years old. His symptoms were runny nose with thick contents and heavy breathing on the right side of the nose, headaches, as well as the swelling of the right cheek. During clinical examination, the expansive change was found. It was completely closing the right side of the nose cavity. Computerized tomography (CT of paranasal cavities showed excessive expansion of the right maxillary sinus, with very thinned walls, while the cavity was filled with liquid. After antibiotics therapy, the radical operation of the right maxillary sinus was performed, based on Caldwell Luc method. The frontal wall was found to be extremely convex and thinned, while the medial wall was with dehiscention. The cystic change was extirpated. Mucocoele was proved by pathohistologic findings. Its wall was about 2 mm thick and it showed squamous metaplasia in the large part of the mucocoela epithel. In the submucosa fibrosis and inflammatory infiltrate was present. Postoperative follow-up was under control. Clinically and radiographycaly, six months after therapy, the patient does not have troubles. Conclusion. The rare localization of the mucocoeles in maxillary sinus can be explained with the width of the maxillary ostia. Infected mucocoeles, expanded to the local anatomical structures, should be operated on with classic radical surgical operation. .

Peri? Aleksandar

2007-01-01

22

Maxillary sinusitis in Medieval Chichester, England.  

OpenAIRE

Maxillary sinusitis is a common medical complaint, affecting more than 30 million people per year in the United States alone. Very little palaeopathological work on this disease has been carried out, probably because of the enclosed nature of the sinuses in intact skulls and the lack of a suitable method for examination. This study tested the hypothesis that maxillary sinusitis was more common in people with leprosy than in people without it in Medieval England. The prevalence of maxillary si...

Boocock, P.; Roberts, C.; Manchester, K.

1995-01-01

23

Treatment outcome of maxillary sinus cancer  

OpenAIRE

The standard treatment in the early stage of maxillary sinus cancer is surgical resection followed by postoperative radiation therapy. However, for locally advanced maxillary sinus cancer, a multimodality treatment approach is strongly recommended to improve the survival rate and quality of life of the patient. We determined the treatment outcomes of induction chemotherapy, concurrent chemoradiation therapy, and surgical resection for locally advanced maxillary sinus cancer. Forty-four patien...

Jin-Hyoung Kang; Min Sik Kim; Dong-il Sun; Yeon-Sil Kim; Chan-Kwon Jung; Ie Ryung Yoo; So Ryoung Chung; Sang Hoon Chun; Bum-soo Kim; Hye Sung Won

2009-01-01

24

A Case of Tuberculosis of Maxillary Sinus  

OpenAIRE

Tuberculosis of the maxillary sinus is rare. Although involvement of long bones and vertebral column is common, its quite uncommon in flat bones. We describe here a case of tuberculosis of the maxillary sinus, and discuss the clinical features and its management.

Kakeri, Ashfak R.

2008-01-01

25

A bullet in the maxillary sinus  

OpenAIRE

Maxillary Sinus is an unusual site for lodgment of foreign bodies. We present a rare case of impacted bullel in the right maxillary sinus which entered through the orbital floor which could be removed after using a nasal endoscope through a Caldwell luc approach.

Dutta, A.; Awasthi, S. K.; Kaul, A.

2006-01-01

26

An unusual case of maxillary sinus trauma  

OpenAIRE

Maxillary sinus foreign bodies are commonly due to penetrating trauma and iatrogenic events. A foreign body is usually identified during initial assessment and subsequently removed. We present a rare method of maxillary sinus trauma with retained and subsequent discharged foreign body twelve years following the initial injury.

Blythe, Rj; Abbas-ali, M.

2012-01-01

27

Radiology in diagnostics of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose: to prove diagnostic capabilities of modern radiation techniques in odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Material and methods: The study involved 546 patients with sinusitis. The following methods have been used: X-ray of the paranasal sinuses, contrast maxillary sinus radiography, contact intraoral radiographs, orthopantomography, computer tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Results. In 7,9% of cases the presence of odontogenic sinusitis has been established, in 92,1 % rhinogenous sinusitis has been revealed. The work provides information about the effectiveness of various radiation techniques in the diagnosis of odontogenic sinusitis. Conclusion. For suspected odontogenic sinusitis, treatment of choice includes the combined use of X-ray of the paranasal sinuses in the mentoanterior projection and contact intraoral radiographs of «causal teeth». Computer tomography is the most informative additional method to clarify the diagnosis of odontogenic sinusitis.

Chekhonatskaya ?.L

2013-09-01

28

Benign Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Maxillary Sinus  

OpenAIRE

Fibrous Histiocytoma is an uncommon neoplasm of the Head and Neck region and quite rare in the paranasal sinuses. We are reporting a case of Benign Fibrous Histiocytoma in the Maxillary sinus from the Department of Otorhinolaryngology of Bolani Hospital, Bolani with a description of clinical and histological features of the neoplasm.

Singh, Mangal

1999-01-01

29

Treatment outcome of maxillary sinus cancer  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The standard treatment in the early stage of maxillary sinus cancer is surgical resection followed by postoperative radiation therapy. However, for locally advanced maxillary sinus cancer, a multimodality treatment approach is strongly recommended to improve the survival rate and quality of life of the patient. We determined the treatment outcomes of induction chemotherapy, concurrent chemoradiation therapy, and surgical resection for locally advanced maxillary sinus cancer. Forty-four patients with locally advanced maxillary sinus cancer, who had been treated between January 1990 and April 2008 at Kangnam St. Mary's Hospital, were retrospectively analyzed. The objective response rates were 70%, 53%, and 57% in the intra-arterial induction chemotherapy, intravenous induction chemotherapy, and concurrent chemoradiation therapy groups, respectively. The orbital preservation rates were 83%, 100%, and 75% in the intra-arterial induction chemotherapy, intravenous induction chemotherapy, and surgical resection groups, respectively. In seven of nine patients in whom the orbit could be preserved after induction chemotherapy, the primary tumors were removed completely. However, although the orbits were preserved in three patients who underwent surgical resection as a primary treatment, all three cases were confirmed to be incomplete resections. We found that active induction chemotherapy for locally advanced cancer of the maxillary sinus increased the possibility of complete resection with orbital preservation as well as tumor down-staging.

Jin-Hyoung Kang

2009-12-01

30

Gallium-67 scanning in the differentiation of maxillary sinus carcinoma from chronic maxillary sinusitis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Gallium-67 scans of 25 patients in whom the clinical symptoms and radiographic findings were suggestive of either maxillary sinus carcinoma or chronic sinusitis proved to be valuable in the differentiation between the two disease processes. Those patients with carcinoma had positive scans, while those with chronic sinusitis had either negative or only weakly positive scans

31

Fatty tissue within the maxillary sinus: a rare finding.  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background We report a rare case of fatty tissue within the maxillary sinus in a 21-years-old woman, with a history of several previous punctures of the maxillary sinus. Case presentation Clinical data of the patient was analysed retrospectively. The patient presented with symptoms of left-sided chronic maxillary sinusitis and had undergone several punctures of the left maxillary sinus 18 months earlier. Subsequent to one of the procedures an acute pain...

Sk?adzie? Jacek; Zagólski Olaf; Str?k Pawe?

2006-01-01

32

Maxillary Sinus Retention Cysts Protruding Into the Inferior Meatus  

OpenAIRE

Although most of the maxillary sinus retention cysts are asymptomatic, a few of them increase in size and cause symptoms. However, they rarely erode bony walls nor protrude into the inferior meatus. I present 2 cases with maxillary sinus retention cysts protruding into the inferior meatus by making a large defect on the medial wall of the maxillary sinus.

Hong, Sung-lyong; Cho, Kyu-sup; Roh, Hwan-jung

2014-01-01

33

The Location of Maxillary Sinus Ostium and Its Clinical Application  

OpenAIRE

The endoscopic sinus surgeons must have a detailed knowledge of inconsistent location of maxillary sinus openings in any interventional maxillary sinus surgeries as it relates to the orbital floor, ethmoid infundibulum and the nasolacrimal duct. Forty cadaver head and neck specimens had been cut sagittally through the nose, such that the lateral nasal wall had been preserved. The findings were documented with an emphasis on location of the maxillary sinus openings. In the present study maxill...

Prasanna, L. C.; Mamatha, H.

2010-01-01

34

High-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma of maxillary sinus  

OpenAIRE

Malignant tumors of the paranasal sinus are uncommon, constituting less than 1% of all malignancies and 3% of all head and neck cancers. Nonsquamous cancers of the maxillary sinus are even rarer as is evident from the limited data available on the clinical characteristics and outcomes. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma accounts for 13% of all malignancies occurring in maxillary sinus. We report a rare case of high-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma of maxillary sinus in a 45-year-old female along with rev...

Daryani, Deepak; Gopakumar, R.; Nagaraja, A.

2012-01-01

35

Maxillary sinus posterior wall remodeling following surgery for silent sinus syndrome.  

Science.gov (United States)

Silent SINUS SYNDROME is a clinical syndrome defined by unilateral maxillary sinus opacification with atelectasis of the uncinate process. Clinically, this disorder is characterized by enophthalmos and hypoglobus. The current case report illustrates dramatic bony remodeling of the maxillary sinus following maxillary antrostomy. Although the remodeling is noted in the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus, this demonstrates the dynamic nature of bone remodeling in silent sinus syndrome, which may obviate the need for surgical correction of enophthalmos and hypoglobus. Following maxillary antrostomy, observation with staged orbital surgery, if required, is recommended. PMID:24962949

Kram, Yoseph Aaron; Pletcher, Steven D

2014-01-01

36

Dental volumetric tomographical evaluation of location and prevalence of maxillary sinus septa  

OpenAIRE

Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and location of maxillary sinus septa with the help of dental volumetric tomography. Methods: 760 patients? 1520 maxillary sinus were evaluated by dental volumetric tomography for detecting maxillary sinus septa. Maxillary sinus was divided into 3 zones (anterior, middle and posterior zones) while location of the maxillary sinus septa. Results: 47 of maxillary sinus septa existed in the anterior zone (24.7%), 35 of them in th...

Ibrahim Damlar; Burcu Keles Evlice; Sule Nur Kurt

2013-01-01

37

Cholesterol granuloma of the maxillary sinus  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Granuloma de colesterol (GC) é uma reação de corpo estranho a deposição de cristais de colesterol, usualmente encontrado em associação com doenças crônicas do ouvido médio, sendo bastante incomum nos seios paranasais. O objetivo deste artigo é relatar um caso de GC no seio maxilar de um homem de 22 [...] anos de idade, manifestando-se como aumento de volume na maxila direita, associado a dor e obstrução nasal. Cortes de tomografia computadorizada (TC) mostraram opacificação completa do seio maxilar direito com expansão e destruição do osso cortical. A biópsia revelou uma massa sólida ocupando o seio maxilar e o exame histológico mostrou uma reação de corpo estranho aos cristais de colesterol. Os achados microscópicos associados à vitalidade dos dentes, imagens em TC e ausência de cavidade durante o procedimento cirúrgico foram compatíveis com o diagnóstico de GC do seio maxilar. A excisão cirúrgica completa da massa sob anestesia geral foi sugerida, mas o paciente não retornou para concluir o tratamento. O GC deve ser incluído no diagnóstico diferencial das doenças que causam opacificação dos seios paranasais, especialmente as sinusites e lesões císticas e tumorais. Abstract in english Cholesterol granuloma (CG) is a foreign body reaction to the deposition of cholesterol crystals, usually found in association to chronic middle ear diseases, being highly uncommon in the paranasal sinuses. This article reports a case of CG in the maxillary sinus of a 22-year-old man, manifesting as [...] a swelling on the right maxilla associated with pain and nasal obstruction. Computed tomography (CT) imaging showed complete opacification of the right maxillary sinus with cortical bone expansion and destruction. Incisional biopsy showed a solid mass filling the sinus and histological examination showed foreign body reaction to cholesterol crystals. The microscopic findings associated to tooth vitality, CT images and absence of a cavity during the surgical procedure were compatible with the diagnosis of CG of the maxillary sinus. Complete surgical excision of the mass under general anesthesia was suggested, but the patient did not return to conclude the treatment. CG must be included in differential diagnosis of diseases that cause opacification on the paranasal sinuses, especially sinusitis, and cystic and tumoral lesions.

Cinthya Bessa da Motta, Almada; Debora Rodrigues, Fonseca; Rachel Rego, Vanzillotta; Fábio Ramôa, Pires.

38

Frequency of the odontogenic maxillary sinusitis extended to the anterior ethmoid sinus and response to surgical treatment  

OpenAIRE

Objectives: Odontogenic sinusitis usually affects the maxillary sinus but may extend to the anterior ethmoid sinuses. The purpose of this study is to determine the percentage of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis extended to the anterior ethmoid sinuses and determine also the surgical resolution differences between odontogenic maxillary sinusitis and odontogenic maxillary associated to anterior ethmoidal sinusitis. Study Design: This is a retrospective cohort study performed on 55 patients d...

Crovetto-marti?nez, Rafael; Martin-arregui, Francisco J.; Zabala-lo?pez-de-maturana, Aitor; Tudela-cabello, Kiara; Crovetto-de La Torre, Miguel A.

2014-01-01

39

Maxillary sinus pneumatization after maxillary molar extraction assessed with cone beam computed tomography  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of this study was to examine the inferior expansion of the maxillary sinus floor following maxillary molar extraction. Cone beam computed tomographic images of 59 subjects were used to evaluate the height difference of the maxillary sinus floor between extraction sites and contralateral dentate sites. The height of the maxillary sinus floor was defined as the vertical distance to the Frankfort plane from the level of the anterior nasal spine to the most inferior point of the sinus floor. We examined the difference in sinus pneumatization according to the number of missing teeth and the vertical relationship of the molar roots to the sinus floor. The inferior expansion of the maxillary sinus floor was 1.20 {+-} 1.86 mm on the maxillary first molar and 1.90 {+-} 2.42 mm on the maxillary second molar. Increased expansion was observed in cases where two proximate molars were extracted. There was no significant difference in sinus pneumatization following extraction according to the vertical relationship of the molar roots to the sinus floor. The results of this study confirm that sinus pneumatization occurs following maxillary molar extraction. In situations where pneumatization can affect treatment after molar extraction, three-dimensional radiography should be considered.

Jung, Yu Hoa; Nah, Kyung Soo; Cho, Bong Hae [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

2009-09-15

40

Clinicopathologic features of dentigerous cysts in the maxillary sinus.  

Science.gov (United States)

Dentigerous cyst (DC) in the maxillary sinus is extremely rare. This study evaluated the clinical features, etiologic factors, imaging, treatment, and signs and symptoms of this type of DC. Clinical symptoms, radiographic findings, surgical methods, and histopathologic findings of 4 patients with DCs in the maxillary sinus were evaluated. In addition, we reviewed the literature reports of DCs in the maxillary sinus over the past 40 years. Our 4 patients with DC in the maxillary sinus showed the following results: (1) all the patients were males at first 3 decades of age, (2) swelling and/or yellow-green pus discharges from pharyngeal cavity were common symptoms, (3) the involved teeth in the DC were the maxillary third molar teeth and supernumerary teeth, and (4) Caldwell-Luc approach was performed in these 4 patients. The patients with DC in the maxillary sinus should be evaluated thoroughly by extraoral and intraoral examinations, proper diagnostic imaging procedures, and pathologic examination to avoid misdiagnosis of maxillary sinusitis. The standard treatment for DC in the maxillary sinus is often removed by Caldwell-Luc approach. Furthermore, marsupialization or functional endoscopic sinus surgery may be performed because of the size, location of the cysts, or the age of the patients. PMID:22627441

Xu, Guang-zhou; Jiang, Qian; Yang, Chi; Yu, Chuang-qi; Zhang, Zhi-yuan

2012-05-01

41

Aspergilloma of the maxillary sinus: report of a case  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Aspergilloma of the paranasal sinus is a non-invasive form of aspergillosis, most often in the maxillary sinus. This case presents an 86-year-old female with aspergilloma of the left maxillary sinus. The patient's chief complaint was intermittent pain on the left maxillary first premolar area. A radiopacification of the left maxillary sinus was observed on the panoramic radiograph. Cone-beam computed tomography revealed complete radiopacification of the left maxillary sinus and scattered multiple radiopaque mass inside the lesion. Biopsy was performed under local anesthesia. On microscopic examination, numerous fungal hyphae, which branch at acute angle, were observed. The diagnosis was made as an aspergilloma based on the histopathologic examination.

Kang, Ju Han; Kim, Gyu Tae; Choi, Yong Suk; Hwang, Eui Hwan [School of Dentistry, Kung Hee University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Yu, Jae Jung [Kangdong Scared Heart Hospital, Hallym Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2010-12-15

42

Maxillary sinusitis - a comparative study of different imaging diagnosis methods  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We conducted prospective study comparing different methods (plain X-rays, computed tomography and ultrasonography mode-A) for the initial diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis. Twenty patients (40 maxillary sinuses) with a clinical history suggestive of sinusitis included in this study. The results were classified as abnormal or normal, using computed tomography as gold standard. The sensitivity for ultrasonography and plain X-rays was 84.6% and 69.2%, respectively. The specificity of both methods was 92.6%. This study suggests that ultrasonography can be used as a good follow-up method for patients with maxillary. sinusitis. (author)

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Osteolytic nasal polyp of the maxillary sinus mimicking malignancy  

OpenAIRE

We present an osteolytic nasal polyp of the maxillary sinus with clinical features and radiographic features mimicking that of a malignancy. Maxillary sinusitis being a common inflammatory condition progressed to cause destruction of the maxillary bone and spread into the facial soft tissue, which is quite a rare occurrence. We have discussed in detail the clinical, radiological, histopathology and management of this uncommon presentation of a common case.

Karikal, Arvind; Sharma, Sampathila Mahalinga; Gopinath, Anju; Karikal, Arathi

2014-01-01

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Decreased mucosal oxygen tension in the maxillary sinuses in patients with cystic fibrosis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the sinuses plays a role in the lungs in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, but little is known about the sinus environment where the bacteria adapt. Anoxic areas are found in the lower respiratory airways but it is unknown if the same conditions exist in the sinuses. Methods The oxygen tension (pO2) was measured, using a novel in vivo method, in the maxillary sinus in a group of 20 CF patients. Results The CF patients had a significant lower pO2 on the mucosa but not in the sinus lumen as compared with a control group of non-CF patients. Anoxic conditions were found in 7/39 (18%) of the sinuses from where we cultured P. aeruginosa, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and/or coagulase negative staphylococci. Conclusion These findings support our hypothesis that P. aeruginosa can adapt or acclimate to the environment in the lungs, during growth in anoxic parts of the paranasal sinuses.

Aanaes, Kasper; Rickelt, Lars Fledelius

2011-01-01

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Maxillary sinus osteoma: two cases and review of the literature  

OpenAIRE

Osteomas are benign tumours characterized by proliferation of compact or cancellous bone. The most common site is the mandible, followed by the sinuses. These tumours are slow-growing, usually asymptomatic, and are generally discovered as incidental radiological findings. Osteomas occur commonly in frontal sinus, followed by the ethmoid and maxillary sinus, and very rarely in the sphenoid sinus. Symptoms arise when osteomas obstruct the ostium of the sinus or impinge on adjacent orbital or in...

Viswanatha, B.

2012-01-01

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CT-MPR invaluable in diagnosing odontogenic maxillary sinusitis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In everyday examination, it is usual to encounter odontogenic maxillary sinusitis patients. Odontogenic maxillary sinusitis is generally best diagnosed by dental X-ray imaging. Many medical facilities not having a dental X-ray unit use coronal computed tomography (CT) images to diagnose odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Coronal CT imaging causes artifacts, however due to dental prosthesises. Computed tomography-Multiplanar reformation (CT-MPR) imaging has proved useful in evaluating the paranasal sinus because it is not influenced by dental prosthesises. We evaluated the usefulness of CT-MPR for diagnosing odontogenic maxillary sinusitis by retrospectively analyzing 16 patients, with the following results. We couldn't diagnose all cases of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis in posteroanterior and Waters projection images. Panoramic radiography is needed to diagnose odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Dental X-ray imaging missed some cases, but all cases were diagnosed by CT-MPR imaging, giving a 100% diagnosestic rate. CT-MPR imaging is thus at least as valuable or better than dental X-ray imaging in diagnosing odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. (author)

Aoki, Hideaki; Shimazu, Kaoru; Kamada, Morito; Shiroyama, Akihiro; Mouri, Daisuke; Yamashita, Masashi; Kawasaki, Yasunori; Koseki, Takakazu; Mouri, Manabu [Osaka Dental Univ. (Japan)

2001-08-01

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Positional relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the apex of the maxillary first molar using cone beam computed tomograph  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To assess the positional relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the apex of the maxillary first molar using cone beam computed tomograph (CBCT). CBCTs from 127 subjects were analysed. A total of 134 maxillary first molars were classified according to their vertical and horizontal positional relationship to the maxillary sinus floor and measured according to the distance between the maxillary sinus floor and the maxillary first molar. Type III (The root projected laterally on the sinus cavity but its apex is outside the sinus boundaries) was dominated between 10 and 19 years and type I (The root apex was not in contact with the cortical borders of the sinus) was dominated (P<0.05) between 20 and 72 years on the vertical relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the apex of the maxillary first molar. The maxillary sinus floor was located more at the apex (78.2%) than at the furcation (21.3%) for the palatal root. The distance from the root apex to the maxillary sinus floor confined to type I was increased according to the ages (P<0.05). Type M (The maxillary sinus floor was located between the buccal and the palatal root) was most common (72.4%) on the horizontal relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the apex of the maxillary first molar. CBCT can provide highly qualified images for the maxillary sinus floor and the root apex of the maxillary first molar.

Kim, Kyung Hwa; Koh, Kwang Joon [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, and Institute of Oral Bio Science, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju (Korea, Republic of)

2008-06-15

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Positional relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the apex of the maxillary first molar using cone beam computed tomograph  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To assess the positional relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the apex of the maxillary first molar using cone beam computed tomograph (CBCT). CBCTs from 127 subjects were analysed. A total of 134 maxillary first molars were classified according to their vertical and horizontal positional relationship to the maxillary sinus floor and measured according to the distance between the maxillary sinus floor and the maxillary first molar. Type III (The root projected laterally on the sinus cavity but its apex is outside the sinus boundaries) was dominated between 10 and 19 years and type I (The root apex was not in contact with the cortical borders of the sinus) was dominated (P<0.05) between 20 and 72 years on the vertical relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the apex of the maxillary first molar. The maxillary sinus floor was located more at the apex (78.2%) than at the furcation (21.3%) for the palatal root. The distance from the root apex to the maxillary sinus floor confined to type I was increased according to the ages (P<0.05). Type M (The maxillary sinus floor was located between the buccal and the palatal root) was most common (72.4%) on the horizontal relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the apex of the maxillary first molar. CBCT can provide highly qualified images for the maxillary sinus floor and the root apex of the maxillary first molar.

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Measurement of maxillary sinus volume using Computed Tomography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To propose a standard value for the maxillary sinus volume of a normal Korean adult by measuring the width and height of the sinus and analyzing their correlation and the difference of the sinus size respectively between sexes, and on the right and left sides. Fifty-two (95 maxillary sinuses) out of 20 years or over aged patients who had taken CT in the Department of Dental Radiology, Yonsei University, Dental Hospital, between February 1997 and July 1999 who were no specific symptom, prominent bony septa, pathosis, clinical asymmetry and history of surgery in the maxillary sinus were retrospectively analyzed. The mean transverse width, antero-posterior width, height and volume of the normal Korean adult's maxillary sinuses were 28.33 mm, 39.69 mm, 46.60 mm and 21.90 cm3, respectively. There was a significant sex difference in the sinus volume (p<0.05). In the mean antero-posterior width, height and volume of the sinus, no significant difference was observed between both sides. All four measurements showed a significant correlation between both sides (p<0.0001). The widths and height of the sinus all showed a significant correlation with the sinus volume (p<0.0001). In the Korean normal adult's maxillary sinus, males tended to be larger than females. Except for the transverse width, all of the measurements showed no significant difference between the right and left side, but significant correlations in the four measurements between both sides were observed.urements between both sides were observed. Thus, the overgrowth or undergrowth in the unilateral maxillary sinus may suggest a certain pathosis or developmental abnormalities in the maxillary sinus.

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The Relationship between Dental Indentation and Maxillary Sinusitis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose: To determine the relationship between the dental root indentation and maxillary sinusitis. Methods: We assessed the records of the patients who underwent paranasal sinus computed tomography imaging for suspected sinusitis. Results: We identified a total of 52 patients with a pre-diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis. Dental indentation was detected in 58 of 104 (55.7% sinuses. Forty six of 58 sinuses (79.3% with dental indentation had mucosal thickening higher than 2 mm. The difference between the groups was statistically significant (p = 0.007. Conclusion: Dental indentation should be kept in mind as a reason for chronic maxillary sinus inflammation, if an underlying cause cannot be identified.

Duzgun Yildirim

2013-06-01

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Antrolith in the maxillary sinus: an unusual complication of endoscopic sinus surgery  

OpenAIRE

Antrolith of the paranasal sinuses are rare entity which are usually asymptomatic, caused by calcification of a nidus and are detected incidentally on radiological examinations. We report a case which presented to us with features of pansinusitis six months after endoscopic sinus surgery. Radiological examination revealed a discrete bony density in the maxillary sinus blocking the ostiomeatal complex. The bony mass was removed endoscopically from the maxillary sinus with drainage of discharge...

Nair, Satish; James, Emmanuel; Dutta, Angshuman; Goyal, Sunil

2010-01-01

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Forty cases of maxillary sinus carcinoma  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Forty patients with squamous cell carcinoma in the maxillary sinus were investigated between 1989 and 1999. They consisted of 28 males and 12 females. Their ages ranged from 18 to 84 years (mean 62 years). According to the 1987 UICC TNM classification system, 3 patients were classified as stage II, 3 were stage III and 34 were stage IV. The overall three-year and five-year survival rates were 52% and 44%, respectively. Local recurrence was observed in 11 stage IV cases and 10 of them were not controlled. For further improving the prognosis of such patients, new techniques such as skull base surgery, super selective intraarterial chemotherapy, and concurrent chemo-radiation should be included in the treatment regimen. (author)

Tanaka, Go; Yamada, Shoichiro; Sawatsubashi, Motohiro; Miyazaki, Junji; Tsuda, Kuniyoshi; Inokuchi, Akira [Saga Medical School (Japan)

2002-01-01

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Incidental treatment of maxillary dysesthesia with maxillary sinus lift procedure--a case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 54-year-old woman presented with an 8-month history of dysesthesia to the left palate with referred pain to the left infraorbital distribution after extraction of the left maxillary first and second premolars. The clinical and radiologic examination revealed an alveolar crestal bone dehiscence suggestive of an occult oral antral communication (OAC) that had spontaneously healed. Stimulation of the mucosa at this bony dehiscence consistently reproduced the dysesthesia. A sinus lift procedure was performed in this region for implant site development and also resulted in resolution of the dysesthesia. This case represents an instance in which surgical alteration of a trigger zone of neuropathic pain can result in its resolution. PMID:25454712

Weinstock, Robert J; Clarkson, Earl

2014-12-01

54

Maxillary sinus infection caused by the homobasidiomycetous fungus Schizophyllum commune.  

OpenAIRE

We investigated a case of maxillary sinus infection caused by the medusoid mutant of the basidiomycetous fungus Schizophyllum commune. Morphologies of both typical and medusoid forms of S. commune were determined. Prior reports of pathogenic homobasidiomycetes are discussed.

Kern, M. E.; Uecker, F. A.

1986-01-01

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Predicting acute maxillary sinusitis in a general practice population.  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVE--To evaluate the diagnostic value of symptoms, signs, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and C reactive protein for acute maxillary sinusitis. DESIGN--Prospective cohort study. SETTING--Danish general practice in cooperation with the otorhinolaryngology and neuroradiology department at Aalborg County Hospital. SUBJECTS--174 patients aged 18-65 years who were suspected by the general practitioner of having acute maxillary sinusitis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE--The independent association of s...

Hansen, J. G.; Schmidt, H.; Rosborg, J.; Lund, E.

1995-01-01

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Lymphoepithelial carcinoma in the maxillary sinus: a case report  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Introduction Lymphoepithelial carcinoma of the maxillary sinus is a very rare malignancy and it can be difficult to make a pre-operative diagnosis. Case presentation A 72-year-old Caucasian woman presented to our facility with an isolated right-side epistaxis that had been present for three months, with the results of a computed tomography scan showing a soft tissue mass in the right maxillary sinus with an impacted tooth. The results of a transnasal en...

Mohammed Darouichi; Jaber Alshammari; Philippe Monnier; Kishore Sandu

2012-01-01

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Antrolith in the Maxillary Sinus; Report of a Case  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A case of maxillary antrolith in a 14-year-old girl is presented. A radiopaque mass,thought to be a supernumerary tooth, was incidentally found on a panoramic radiograph obtained for orthodontic purposes. During surgical exploration the maxillary sinus was penetrated and 6 calcified masses were discovered. Histopathologic analysis revealed a calcium deposition around a necrotic mass.

A. Haraji

2006-06-01

58

Facial skin fistula as a postoperative complication related to maxillary sinus grafting: A case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Maxillary sinus elevation has become an important surgical procedure in dental implant surgery. This procedure may induce a variety of postoperative complications including infection, perforation of the sinus membrane, and maxillary sinusitis. However, postoperative infections are relatively infrequent. In this report, an unusual form of infection resulting in a facial skin fistula following maxillary sinus elevation is described. PMID:25191674

Park, Jong Seok; Kim, Bong Chul; Choi, Boyoung; Lee, Jun

2015-01-01

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Primary Small Cell Undifferentiated (Neuroendocrine) Carcinoma of the Maxillary Sinus  

OpenAIRE

Primary small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SNEC) of the paranasal sinuses is an extremely rare and distinctive tumor with aggressive clinical behavior. Moreover, SNECs originating in the head and neck region have been reported to be highly aggressive and to have a poor prognosis. This report describes a patient with a maxillary sinus SNEC who was successfully treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and concurrent chemoradiotherapy.

Santosh Kumar Yadav; Premalatha Shetty

2014-01-01

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EPITHELIAL MYOEPITHELIAL CARCINOMA OF MAXILLARY SINUS —A DIAGNOSTIC DILEMMA  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Epithelial – Myoepithelial Carcinoma (EMC is a rare malignant salivary gland neoplasm that most commonly occurs in the Parotid gland, but can also arise in the Minor Salivary Glands. EMC of the maxillary sinus extremely rare. We describe here a case of a 74-year-old patient who presented with maxillary swelling for 4months and nasal discharge for 3 months. Computed Tomography Scan revealed an expansile soft tissue mass in the left maxillary sinus eroding all its walls. In View of high suspicion of malignancy, Left maxillectomy was done. Histopathological examination confirmed Epithelial Myoepithelial Carcinoma with Positive Reaction to CK, Vimentin, Smooth Muscle Actin (SMA and S-100.

Rajeev Sen

2015-01-01

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Sinusitis Maxilar de Origen Odontogénica: Diagnóstico y Tratamiento Quirúrgico / Maxillary Sinusitis of Odontogenic Origin: Surgical Diagnosis and Treatment  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La sinusitis odontogénica afecta la mucosa de los senos maxilares y puede ser causada por la evolución de una lesión en el diente con formación de pus periapical que avanza en el interior de la cavidad sinusal. Se presenta un caso de un paciente con dens in dente en el diente incisivo lateral superi [...] or derecho, que sufrió el proceso de caries evolucionando en la región periapical, contaminando la mucosa sinusal de este lado, lo que causó el dolor, abultamiento y el desplazamiento del diente. La cirugía se realizó a través de acceso de Caldwell-Luc para el curetaje de la lesión, lo que indica la presencia en el diagnóstico histopatológico la presencia de quiste abscedado y sinusitis. Después de 18 meses de control, se observó la regeneración ósea y el reposicionamiento alveolar espontáneo de los dientes implicados. Los autores advierten que cíngulos profundos y dens in dente son las enfermedades de los dientes que merecen atención para el diagnóstico y la prevención de los procesos de caries con el fin de evitar complicaciones mayores. Abstract in english Odontogenic sinusitis affects mucous membrane of the maxillary sinus and can be caused by the evolution of a tooth injury with formation of periapical abscess that advances into the sinus cavity. We present a patient with dens in dente in the upper right lateral incisor tooth, which suffered carious [...] process and periapical abscess, contaminating the sinus mucosa on this side, which caused pain, bulging and tooth displacement. Surgery was performed via a Caldwell-Luc access for curettage of the lesion, indicating the presence in the histopathological diagnosis of radicular cyst abscess and sinusitis. After 18 months of control, alveolar bone regeneration and spontaneous repositioning of teeth involved was observed. The authors warn that cingulum deep in dens in dente are diseases of the tooth that deserve attention for the diagnosis and prevention of carious processes in order to avoid further complications.

Ferdinando, De Conto; Mayara, De Bona; Graciele, Rui; Gisele, Rovani; Roque, Rhoden; Mateus, Ericson Flores.

2013-12-01

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Dentigerous cyst associated with an ectopic third molar in the maxillary sinus: A rare entity  

OpenAIRE

Ectopic eruption of teeth into a region other than the oral cavity is rare although there have been reports of teeth in the nasal septum, mandibular condyle, coronoid process, palate, chin and maxillary sinus. Occasionally, a tooth may erupt in the maxillary sinus and present with local sinonasal symptoms attributed to chronic sinusitis. We present a case of an ectopic maxillary third molar tooth that caused chronic purulent sinusitis in relation to the right maxillary sinus.

Srinivasa Prasad T; Sujatha G; Niazi Thanvir; Rajesh P

2007-01-01

63

Massive juvenile ossifying fibroma of maxillary sinus with orbital involvement.  

OpenAIRE

A 14-year-old black girl had painless, progressive proptosis and upward displacement of the left eye for approximately six months. Computed tomography showed a massive tumour involving the maxillary sinus with extension into the sphenoid sinus, ethmoid sinus, and orbit. The mass was excised surgically and proved histopathologically to be a juvenile ossifying fibroma. The clinical and histopathological features of this uncommon orbital tumour are discussed and its place in the spectrum of fibr...

Shields, J. A.; Peyster, R. G.; Handler, S. D.; Augsburger, J. J.; Kapustiak, J.

1985-01-01

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Low-grade osteosarcoma of the maxillary sinus  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Low-grade osteosarcomas of the paranasal sinus are extremely rare. Most reported cases of maxillary sinus osteosarcoma are high-grade. We present a 51-year-old man with a low-grade osteosarcoma which was histologically difficult to diagnose in isolation since it had bland features. The presence of an aggressive destructive lesion on imaging influenced the final pathological diagnosis as often appears to be the case with this rare tumor. We briefly discuss paranasal sinus osteosarcomas. (orig.)

Park, Yong-Koo [Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul (Korea); Department of Pathology, Kyung Hee University Hospital, Hoeki-dong, Dongdaemoon-ku, Seoul (Korea); Ryu, Kyung Nam [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul (Korea); Park, Hye-Rim; Kim, Duck-Whan [Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul (Korea); 4

2003-03-01

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The value of panoramic radiography in assessing maxillary sinus inflammation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To evaluate the value of panoramic radiography in diagnosing maxillary sinus inflammation. A total of 214 maxillary sinuses from 114 panoramic radiographs were assessed in this study. Two independent experienced oral radiologists evaluated the images in random order for sinus inflammation. Using Cone beam CT images as the gold standard, the sensitivity and specificity of panoramic radiography were calculated, and inter- and intraobserver agreement for panoramic interpretation were obtained. The mean sensitivity and specificity of panoramic radiography were 81.0% and 85.6%, respectively. The weighted kappas for inter- and intraobserver agreement of panoramic radiography were 0.56 and 0.60, respectively. Panoramic radiography is a reasonably accurate method for diagnosing maxillary sinus inflammation and can be used for screening. However, additional examinations should be considered in patients with potentially significant pathology.

Cho, Bong Hae; Jung, Yun Hoa; Nah, Kyung Soo [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

2008-12-15

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Radiographic anatomy of the maxillary sinuses in the horse after oblique X-ray examination  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An oblique radiographic examination is done of the maxillary sinuses with description of the anatomical features. The facial crest is signed with metal wire and in the same way was determined the septum between the two maxillary sinuses, the frontomaxillary opening, the caudal border of ventral conchal sinus and the extension of the maxillary sinuses. The infraorbital canal and the nasolacrimal canal are shown as well as the infraorbital and maxillary openings. (Author)

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Transnasal Marsupialization Using Endoscopic Sinus Surgery for Treatment of Keratocystic Odontogenic Tumor in Maxillary Sinus  

OpenAIRE

Objective. We report the first utilisation of transnasal marsupialization to treat a keratocystic odontogenic tumor in the maxillary sinus of a 37-year-old man. Case Report. A 37-year-old man presented with a nasal discharge and right odontalgia. Computed tomography revealed an expanding cystic lesion with a calcificated wall containing an impacted tooth in the right maxillary sinus. The diagnosis was keratocystic odontogenic tumor. Transnasal marsupialization was performed using endoscopic s...

Masafumi Ohki

2012-01-01

68

Evaluation the success of osseointegrated implants in maxillary sinus grafts  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: To analyze implants placed in maxillary sinus grafts with biomaterial of bovine origin and platelet-rich plasma, observing bone neoformation and the clinical and histologic success rate presented.Methods: Analysis of the clinical findings was based on 36 maxillary sinus grafts with 101 implants placed in 30 patients with a mean age of 47 years, and the histologic analysis, based on nine samples of the 36 grafts performed, with a mean interval of 7.5 months time of the graft, the majority of patients being men with a mean age of 42 years. Results: Clinically, 91 implants placed were osseointegrated.Conclusion: Based on the results presented, it was concluded that when implants are placed in the maxillary sinus region grafted with biomaterial, they present a high success rate. ISRCTN24003246

Rubens Eduardo Gigli

2008-01-01

69

Methylene blue mediated laser therapy of maxillary sinusitis  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present work is a clinical study of photodynamic therapy of maxillary sinusitis. 0.1%-Methylene Blue aqueous solution in combination with He-Ne laser irradiation (632.8 nm) have been used for treatment of maxillary sinus mucous of patients with acute and chronic maxillary sinusitis. The differences between the results of the treatment with dye and light versus treatment with a drug for every group of patients were statistically analyzed by Student’s t test. The efficacy of the photodynamic therapy was estimated with the use of the following criteria: the state of respiration, olfaction, duration of purulent discharge, reconstruction of transport function of ciliary epithelium, etc. The obtained results have shown that the photodynamic therapy is effective in comparison with conservative methods of treatment of the disease.

Genina, E. A.; Bashkatov, A. N.; Chikina, E. E.; Knyazev, A. B.; Mareev, O. V.; Tuchin, V. V.

2006-07-01

70

Maxillary sinus septa: comparison between panoramic radiography and CBCT  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To investigate and compare the prevalence, size, and location of maxillary sinus septa on panoramic and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images.Two hundred patients who had taken both panoramic and CBCT images were included. The location of maxillary sinus septa on the panoramic radiographs were recorded and confirmed on the CBCT images. Also the size of septa was measured on the reformatted CBCT images. The prevalence of the patients who had maxillary sinus septa was 51.0% and they showed 179 septa totally. Among them 51.0% of the patients had one septum, 32.4% two septa, 13.7% three, and 2.9% four. The measured heights of the septa were 4.37 {+-} 2.87 mm, 3.51 {+-} 2.47 mm, and 3.04 {+-} 2.37 mm in the medial, middle, and lateral areas, respectively. It was revealed that 1.0% was located at canine region, 18.0% at first premolar, 25.0% at second premolar, 22.7% at first molar, 19.8% at second molar, and 14.0% at third molar region. Among 213 septa depicted by the panoramic radiographs, only 69.0% were confirmed at the CBCT images. Since various heights and courses of the septa can develop in all parts of the maxillary sinus, adequate assessment of the inner aspect of the maxillary sinus is essential to avoid complications during sinus augmentation procedures. CBCT scanning is the preferred radiographic method for detecting the presence of sinus septa.

Nah, Kyung Soo [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

2010-06-15

71

Estudo histológico e ultra-estrutural da mucosa do seio maxilar em pacientes com rinossinusite crônica e polipose nasossinusal Histology and ultrastructural study of the mucosa of the maxillary sinus in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and nasosinusal polyposis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Na rinossinusite crônica, a inflamação da mucosa nasossinusal provoca alterações qualitativas e quantitativas do epitélio respiratório que recobre toda a cavidade nasossinusal, levando à manutenção do quadro inflamatório. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Caso-controle. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Foram avaliados histopatologicamente dez pacientes com rinossinusite crônica (RC e polipose nasossinusal (PN por meio da história clínica e alérgica, estudo microbiológico, microscopia óptica, eletrônica de transmissão e varredura. RESULTADO: A diminuição do número de células colunares ciliadas, o aumento das células caliciformes, a diminuição do número de cílios por célula afetada e a metaplasia escamosa foram alterações freqüentemente encontradas nos casos de rinossinusite, explicando a persistência do quadro pela destruição no epitélio e quebra do sistema mucociliar.In chronic rhinosinusitis, inflammation of the rhinosinusal mucosa provokes qualitative and quantitative changes in the respiratory epithelium that lines the entire rhinosinusal cavity, leading to the maintenance of an inflammatory picture. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control. MATERIAL AND METHOD: In the present study we evaluated histopathologically ten patients with chronic rhinosinusitis on the basis of clinical and allergic history, microbiological study, and light, electron and scanning electron microscopy. RESULTS: A reduced number of ciliated columnar cells, an increase in goblet-like cells, a reduction in the number of cilia per affected cell and squamous metaplasia were changes frequently detected in the cases of rhinosinusitis, explaining the persistence of the signs and symptoms due to the destruction of the epithelium and to the breakdown of the mucociliary system.

João Vicente Dorgam

2004-01-01

72

Extranodal Rosai-Dorfman disease of bone, subcutaneous tissue and paranasal sinus mucosa with a review of its pathogenesis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report an unusual case of extranodal Rosai-Dorfman disease presenting in a 36-year-old man with lesions of bone, subcutaneous tissue of the arm and maxillary sinus mucosa unassociated with lymphadenopathy or systemic symptoms. These lesions appeared metachronously within a 6-month period. The diagnostic light microscopic and immunohistochemical findings and pathogenesis of this interesting disease are discussed. (orig.)

73

Extranodal Rosai-Dorfman disease of bone, subcutaneous tissue and paranasal sinus mucosa with a review of its pathogenesis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We report an unusual case of extranodal Rosai-Dorfman disease presenting in a 36-year-old man with lesions of bone, subcutaneous tissue of the arm and maxillary sinus mucosa unassociated with lymphadenopathy or systemic symptoms. These lesions appeared metachronously within a 6-month period. The diagnostic light microscopic and immunohistochemical findings and pathogenesis of this interesting disease are discussed. (orig.)

Yoon, Angela J.; Parisien, May [Columbia University Medical Center, Department of Pathology, Division of Surgical Pathology, New York (United States); Feldman, Frieda [Columbia University Medical Center, Department of Radiology, New York (United States); Young-In Lee, Francis [Children' s Hospital of New York-Presbyterian, Department of Surgery, Division of Orthopedic Surgery, New York (United States)

2005-10-01

74

Estudo histológico e ultra-estrutural da mucosa do seio maxilar em pacientes com rinossinusite crônica e polipose nasossinusal / Histology and ultrastructural study of the mucosa of the maxillary sinus in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and nasosinusal polyposis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Na rinossinusite crônica, a inflamação da mucosa nasossinusal provoca alterações qualitativas e quantitativas do epitélio respiratório que recobre toda a cavidade nasossinusal, levando à manutenção do quadro inflamatório. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Caso-controle. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Foram avaliados histopatolo [...] gicamente dez pacientes com rinossinusite crônica (RC) e polipose nasossinusal (PN) por meio da história clínica e alérgica, estudo microbiológico, microscopia óptica, eletrônica de transmissão e varredura. RESULTADO: A diminuição do número de células colunares ciliadas, o aumento das células caliciformes, a diminuição do número de cílios por célula afetada e a metaplasia escamosa foram alterações freqüentemente encontradas nos casos de rinossinusite, explicando a persistência do quadro pela destruição no epitélio e quebra do sistema mucociliar. Abstract in english In chronic rhinosinusitis, inflammation of the rhinosinusal mucosa provokes qualitative and quantitative changes in the respiratory epithelium that lines the entire rhinosinusal cavity, leading to the maintenance of an inflammatory picture. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control. MATERIAL AND METHOD: In the pre [...] sent study we evaluated histopathologically ten patients with chronic rhinosinusitis on the basis of clinical and allergic history, microbiological study, and light, electron and scanning electron microscopy. RESULTS: A reduced number of ciliated columnar cells, an increase in goblet-like cells, a reduction in the number of cilia per affected cell and squamous metaplasia were changes frequently detected in the cases of rhinosinusitis, explaining the persistence of the signs and symptoms due to the destruction of the epithelium and to the breakdown of the mucociliary system.

João Vicente, Dorgam; Bruno Beltrão de, Souza; Sabrina Maria de Castro, Sarreta; Maria Dolores Seabra, Ferreira; Valder Rodrigues de, Melo; Wilma T., Anselmo-Lima.

2004-01-01

75

CT and MRI findings of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses in patients with nasal polyposis. Evaluation of the maxillary sinus and frontal sinus disease  

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We reported the classification of nasal polyposis owing to the extent of paranasal sinus disease by using CT and MRI. The relation between the presence of maxillary and frontal sinus disease and the extent of disease in the nasal cavity, ethmoid sinus and sphenoid sinus was investigated. Statistical analysis showed significant relationship between the extent of disease into the anterior, posterior ethmoid and sphenoid sinuses and the presence of maxillary and frontal sinus disease in patients with nasal polyposis. (author)

76

CT and MRI findings of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses in patients with nasal polyposis. Evaluation of the maxillary sinus and frontal sinus disease  

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We reported the classification of nasal polyposis owing to the extent of paranasal sinus disease by using CT and MRI. The relation between the presence of maxillary and frontal sinus disease and the extent of disease in the nasal cavity, ethmoid sinus and sphenoid sinus was investigated. Statistical analysis showed significant relationship between the extent of disease into the anterior, posterior ethmoid and sphenoid sinuses and the presence of maxillary and frontal sinus disease in patients with nasal polyposis. (author)

Masaki, Masami; Yonemoto, Tomoaki [Tokyo Kyosai Hospital (Japan); Tachibana, Toshiro

1996-10-01

77

Idiopathic bilateral antral exostoses: A rare case in maxillary sinus  

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CONCLUSION: The published data of exostoses in maxillary sinus seem to be limited in the dental literature, and this condition is important to consider in an implant treatment planning. Also, it is important to perform a follow-up of the cases in trying to find the possible causes of exostosis.

Eduardo Borie

2014-01-01

78

A study of the distribution pattern and correlation between maxillary, frontal and sphenoid sinus volume  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In an attempt to study the distribution pattern and correlation between maxillary, frontal and sphenoid sinus volume, sinus volumes were measured by coronal CT scans of the paranasal sinus. Two hundred and four maxillary sinuses of 102 patients, the frontal sinuses of 62 patients and the sphenoid sinuses of 68 patients with no inflammatory changes detectable on CT scans of the each paranasal sinus and nasal cavity were analyzed. The volumes of the maxillary sinus showed a normal distribution, and its mean volume and standard deviation were 20.5±9.2 cm3. The logarithms of both frontal and sphenoid sinus volumes exhibited an normal distribution. The mean volume of the frontal sinus and the sphenoid sinus, which were calculated using logarithms of the sinus volumes statistically, were 8.3 cm3 and 9.6 cm3 respectively. The correlation coefficient was 0.134 between the maxillary and frontal sinus, 0.445 between the maxillary and sphenoid sinus and 0.315 between the frontal and sphenoid sinus. It is suggested that differences in the volume distribution pattern between the maxillary sinus and frontal or sphenoid sinus might be caused by differences in the growing process of each sinus. (author)

79

Morphometric analysis of the relationships between the maxillary first molar and maxillary sinus floor  

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Full Text Available Objectives: To assess the relationships between the maxillary first molar and the maxillary sinus floor in a group of patients referred to a dental clinic. Methods: Ninety-seven patients were recruited for this study. The distances between the examined roots (mesio-buccal, disto-buccal and palatal as well as furcations, and the sinus floor, were evaluated using cone beam computed tomography, and grouped as follows: class 0: distance = 0 mm; class 1: 0 mm < distance < 2 mm; class 2: 2 mm ? distance < 4 mm; class 3: 4 mm ? distance < 6 mm; class 4: 6 mm ? distance. The Spearman’s Rank Correlation coefficient was used to test the univariate associations between furca-tion-sinus floor distance and each root class. Results: The prevalence of class 0 was the highest for the palatal root (44.33%, followed in descending order by mesio-buccal (40.21%, and disto-buccal (38.14% roots. The highest correlation coefficient was recorded when assessing the relationship between furcation-sinus floor distance and palatal root classes (rho = 0.66, p < 0.001, n = 97. Conclusions: Altogether, the results suggest that the palatal root of the maxillary first molar not only had the closest relationship with the sinus floor, but also proved to be the best predictor for the furcation-sinus floor distance. The clinician should be aware of the anatomical and morphological details of this root, especially when taking surgical decisions.

Andreea Didilescu

2012-10-01

80

Unique canal communicating between both maxillary sinuses through the palatine recess with hypertrophy of sinuses.  

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The result of an inappropriate growth of the jaws is in many cases related to abnormalities in the rest of the facial skeleton. We present a 21-year-old patient with a possibly unique anomaly of the maxillary sinus in skeletal class III dentofacial deformity. This anatomical variant has not to our knowledge been previously reported and all clinicians should be aware of it. It presented not only as hypertrophy of the sinuses but also as a communication between the two maxillary sinuses, and might be associated with a severe III class deformity with an extremely narrow maxilla. We describe this as a narrowed maxillary canal with no septum or membrane. PMID:24957470

Nelke, Kamil H; Pawlak, Wojciech; Morawska-Kochman, Monika; Guzi?ski, Maciej

2014-10-01

81

Crestal approach for removing a migrated dental implant from the maxillary sinus: a case report.  

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This article reports a rare case of a horizontally displaced dental implant that migrated into the maxillary sinus 6 months after 3 implants were inserted into the augmented maxillary posterior region. Migration of dental implants into the maxillary sinus usually occurs during surgery and can result in serious complications. PMID:25574725

Sadda, Raid

2015-01-01

82

Recurrent solid ameloblastoma of the maxillary sinus: A case report  

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Full Text Available Introduction. Ameloblastomas are clinically the most important type of odontogenic tumors. Solid or multicystic form most commonly affects mandible, it is highly aggressive and shows high rates of recurrence. The aim was to report aggressive behavior of a rare maxillary solid ameloblastoma, emphasizing the clinical, tomographic and histological aspects. Case Report. A young and asymptomatic patient, presenting a solid ameloblastoma initially located in the maxillary sinus with rapid spreading to the adjacent tissues, had early recurrence despite radical surgical approach. Conclusion. Multicystic or solid ameloblastoma has lower incidence in maxilla and extremely aggressive behavior, justifying careful follow-up of the patients.

Martins de Paiva Tadeu Leonardo

2012-01-01

83

Persistent Deciduous Molar as an Etiology for a Maxillary Sinus Mucocele  

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Mucoceles are accumulations of trapped mucus, forming cystic expansile lesions. Maxillary sinus mucoceles are rare amongst paranasal sinus mucoceles, usually being a late sequel of Caldwell-Luc surgery. We present a case of a maxillary sinus mucocele due to a persistent carious deciduous molar in a middle aged patient, reported to highlight its unusual etiology.

Tuli, Isha Preet; Pal, Indranil; Chakraborty, Suvamoy; Sengupta, Subhabrata

2011-01-01

84

[Treatment of acute maxillary sinusitis with oral penicillin (author's transl)].  

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The present study was performed in order to pinpoint whether or not the oral penicillin treatment of the acute purulent maxillary sinusitis, which represents a common treatment modality in general practice, is in fact effective. The efficacy of penicillin V was tested in 32 patients under controlled conditions. In 24 out of 32 cases, which have been treated by administration of 4 X 1 tablet of Ospen 1500 per day, the acute signs and symptoms disappeared completely within a period of 7.4 +/- 2.02 days. The values obtained 4-5 hours after administration of 1 tablet of Ospen 1500 were significantly higher than the minimal inhibitory penicillin concentration for the bacteria tested. The plasma and sinus secret pencillin concentration time curves were found to be parallel. This implies similar kinetics of penicillin V in the plasma and the sinus secret. Since the present study shows that after oral administration penicillin is present in the nasal sinus secret in sufficient concentrations, oral penicillin therapy has been proven a necessful treatment of acute purulent maxillary sinusitis. PMID:143570

Gschnait, I

1977-09-01

85

Indirect osteotome maxillary sinus floor elevation: an update.  

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The objective was to review publications on indirect osteotome maxillary sinus floor elevation (OMSFE) procedures. Studies published between 1999 and 2010 on patients with a minimum of 1 year of follow-up were analyzed. Fourteen studies were included. Indirect OMSFE is indicated for a bone height of 6-8 mm. More bone height was gained when graft material was used. Schneiderian membrane perforation was the most frequent complication. Survival rates varied between 93.5% and 100%. Osteotome sinus membrane elevation is a predictable and effective procedure for placing implants in areas of the posterior maxilla with low bone height. PMID:23317300

Romero-Millán, Javier; Martorell-Calatayud, Luis; Peñarrocha, Maria; García-Mira, Berta

2012-12-01

86

Myoepithelial carcinoma arising in recurrent pleomorphic adenoma in maxillary sinus.  

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Myoepithelial carcinoma is characterized by nearly exclusive myoepithelial differentiation and evidence of malignancy. It may arise de novo or in preexisting benign tumors including pleomorphic adenoma and benign myoepithelioma. A 39-year-old lady presented with painless progressive swelling on the right cheek and right side of palate. On surgery, there was a mass in right maxillary sinus which was surgically excised and diagnosed on histopathology as pleomorphic adenoma. Subsequently, there were two recurrences. The first recurrence was in the right maxilla after 2 years that was removed surgically and diagnosed as pleomorphic adenoma. One year later, she came with rapidly progressive swelling in bilateral cheeks and face. Intraoperatively, there was a large tumor in both maxillary sinuses with extensive local infiltration. Histologically, it was diagnosed as myoepithelial carcinoma. Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma is usually a high grade malignancy. It occurs most commonly in parotid gland followed by submandibular glands, minor salivary glands and occasionally in sublingual gland. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of myoepithelial carcinoma arising in a recurrent pleomorphic adenoma in the maxillary sinus. PMID:24574666

Gupta, Ashumi; Manipadam, Marie Therese; Michael, Rajiv

2013-09-01

87

Sonic aerosol therapy to target maxillary sinuses  

OpenAIRE

Aim: Intranasal aerosol administration of drugs is widely used by ENT specialists. Although clinical evidence is still lacking, intranasal nebulization appears to be an interesting therapeutic option for local drug delivery, targeting anatomic sites beyond the nasal valve. The sonic nebulizer NL11SN associates a 100 Hertz (Hz) sound to the aerosolization to improve deposition in the nasal/paranasal sinuses. The aim of the present study was: to evaluate in vivo the influence of associating a 1...

Durand, Marc; Le Guellec, Sandrine; Pourchez, Je?re?mie; Dubois, Francis; Aubert, Ge?rald; Chantrel, Gilles; Vecellio, Laurent; Hupin, Cloe?; Gersem, Ruth; Reychler, Gre?gory; Pitance, Laurent; Diot, Patrice; Jamar, Franc?ois

2012-01-01

88

Evaluation of the posterior superior alveolar artery and the maxillary sinus with CBCT.  

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Assessment of the maxillary sinus anatomy before sinus augmentation is important for avoiding surgical complications, because of the close anatomical relationship between the posterior maxillary teeth and the maxillary sinus. The posterior superior alveolar artery (PSAA) is the branch of the maxillary artery that supplies the lateral sinus wall and overlying membrane. We evaluated the location of the PSAA and its relationship to the alveolar ridge and maxillary sinus using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). The study group consisted of 135 CBCT scans (270 sinuses) obtained from the archive of the dentomaxillofacial radiology department at Yeditepe University Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul, Turkey. The distance between the lower border of the artery and the alveolar crest, bone height from the sinus floor to the ridge crest, distance from the artery to the medial sinus wall, and the diameter and location of the artery were determined. The occurrence of septa and pathology were recorded from CBCT scans. The PSAA was observed in 89.3% of sinuses, and 71.1% of arteries were intraosseous with diameters mostly sinus septa was 55.2%, and that of sinus pathology was 57.4%. The mean age was 43.07 ± 17.55 years. There was a statistically significant difference between the location of the artery and gender (p sinus membrane thickening was 57.4%. Detailed knowledge about the location of the PSAA and sinus morphology may be obtained with CBCT before maxillary sinus surgery. PMID:24036981

Ilgüy, Dilhan; Ilgüy, Mehmet; Dolekoglu, Semanur; Fisekcioglu, Erdogan

2013-01-01

89

Squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus: A Tata Memorial Hospital experience  

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Background: The optimal treatment of maxillary sinus carcinoma remains to be defined and there is a paucity of Indian studies on the subject. Aims: To present experience of management of squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus treated with curative intent at a single institution. Settings and Design:Retrospective study of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus who presented between 1994 to 1999. materials and Methods:The recor...

Qureshi Sajid; Chaukar Devendra; Talole Sanjay; Dcruz Anil

2006-01-01

90

Alterations in Maxillary Sinus Volume among Oral and Nasal Breathers.  

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Background Oral breathing causes many changes in the facial anatomical structures in adult patients. In this study we aimed to determine the effects of long-term oral breathing (>5 years) on the maxillary sinus volumes among adult male patients. Material and Methods We accessed medical records of 586 patients who had undergone cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) for any reason between September 2013 and April 2014. Patients who had undergone cone-beam dental volumetric tomography scans for any reason and who had answered a questionnaire about breathing were screened retrospectively. Cone beam dental volumetric tomography (I-Cat, Imaging Sciences International, Hatfield, PA, USA) was used to take the images of the maxillo-facial area at a setting of 120 kVp and 3.7 mA. This study involved male patients older than 21 years of age. Results The study included a total of 239 male patients, of which 68 were oral breathers and 171 were nasal breathers. The mean age of the oral breathers was 48.4 years and that of the nasal breathers was 46.7 years and the difference was not statistically significant (p>0.05). The mean maxillary sinus volumes of the oral and nasal breathers were 9043.49±1987.90 and 10851.77±2769.37, respectively, and the difference in maxillary sinus volume between the 2 groups was statistically significant (pmaxillary sinus in oral breathers (>5 years) was significantly lower than in nasal breathers, but it remains unclear whether this is due to malfunctioning of the nasal cavity or due to the underlying pathological condition. PMID:25553770

Agacayak, Kamil Serkan; Gulsun, Belgin; Koparal, Mahmut; Atalay, Yusuf; Aksoy, Orhan; Adiguzel, Ozkan

2015-01-01

91

Evaluation of preoperative model surgery and the use of a maxillary sinus surgical template in sinus floor augmentation surgery.  

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Maxillary sinus augmentation is an accepted technique for dental implant placement in presence of insufficient maxillary bone. There are various techniques in the literature, either by crestal or lateral approach in maxillary sinus augmentation that have high percentage of success, while all have complications. Schneiderian membrane perforation is the most common complication encountered during surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefits of preoperative model surgery and the ease of use of a maxillary sinus surgical template (MSST) during maxillary sinus augmentation surgery with a lateral approach. Ten patients included in the study needed rehabilitation of a partially or totally edentulous maxilla with an implant-supported fixed prosthesis and requiring sinus augmentation. A questionnaire was asked to performing surgeons, and study results showed the use of an MSST was found to be effective in terms of adaptation (62.5%), window preparation (87.5%), ease of elevation (95.9%), ease of grafting (95.9%), reduction of perforation risk (91.7%), and achieving immobility during the procedure (62.5%); however, the use of an MSST was also found to prolong the surgical procedure (100%) and restrict the view of the surgical area (79.2%). Maxillary sinus augmentation appears to be a useful tool for locating an appropriate entrance to the sinus cavity, allowing for safe elevation of the sinus membrane and effectively grafting the sinus floor. PMID:24220481

Kocyi?it, Ismail Doruk; Coskunses, Fatih Mehmet; Ozgul, Ozkan; Tuz, Hakan Hifzi; Kartal, Yasemin; Polat, Muhlis; Orhan, Kaan

2013-11-01

92

Dentigerous cyst associated with a displaced tooth in the maxillary sinus: an unusual cause of recurrent sinusitis in an adolescent  

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We report an unusual case of a displaced maxillary molar and associated dentigerous cyst within the maxillary sinus in an adolescent presenting as recurrent sinusitis. Although a rare cause of sinusitis in children, dentigerous cysts should be included in the differential diagnosis for causes of persistent or recurrent sinusitis in this age group. This report provides further evidence for obtaining imaging studies when managing pediatric sinusitis that does not respond to standard antibiotic therapy. We discuss management options for these lesions including the differential diagnoses and need for follow-up. (orig.)

93

Dentigerous cyst associated with a displaced tooth in the maxillary sinus: an unusual cause of recurrent sinusitis in an adolescent  

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We report an unusual case of a displaced maxillary molar and associated dentigerous cyst within the maxillary sinus in an adolescent presenting as recurrent sinusitis. Although a rare cause of sinusitis in children, dentigerous cysts should be included in the differential diagnosis for causes of persistent or recurrent sinusitis in this age group. This report provides further evidence for obtaining imaging studies when managing pediatric sinusitis that does not respond to standard antibiotic therapy. We discuss management options for these lesions including the differential diagnoses and need for follow-up. (orig.)

Prabhu, Sanjay P.; Robson, Caroline D. [Children' s Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, Department of Radiology, Division of Neuroradiology, Boston, MA (United States); Padwa, Bonnie L. [Children' s Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Boston, MA (United States); Rahbar, Reza [Children' s Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Enhancement, Boston, MA (United States)

2009-10-15

94

Evaluation of the postoperative maxillary sinus with computed tomography  

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To evaluate the computed tomographic appearances of postoperative maxillary sinuses. 33 asymptomatic cases of post-operative maxillary sinus without evidence of any pathologic changes and clinical symptoms were selected. CT images were classified as opacification, soft tissue shadow, anterior wall depression, nasoantral communication, and compartmentalization. The relationships between the CT image and the age of patients at the time of operation, and between the CT image and the duration of time elapsed since the surgical procedure were evaluated. The most commonly presented radiological characteristics that occurred after the Caldwell-Luc procedure were opacification and soft tissue shadow. Anterior wall depression and nasoantral communication were radiographic indications that a Caldwell-Luc operation had been carried out. The age of patients when they had been first operated on, and the duration between the surgical procedure and the time of evaluation had no effect on the CT appearances of normal changes. In cases involving a longer time interval between the antral surgery and evaluation, the anterior wall depression with bony healing was more commonly observed than soft tissue healing. The radiographic information regarding the normal healing state using computed tomography can distinguish post-operative changes from inflammatory and cystic disease in patients who have undergone a Caldwell-Luc type of radical maxillary astronomy.

Kim, Hee Kyung; Heo, Min Suk; Lee, Sam Sun; Choi, Hyun Bae; Choi, Soon Chul; Park, Tae Won [College of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2002-12-15

95

Maxillary sinus 3D segmentation and reconstruction from cone beam CT data sets  

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Purpose: Segmentation of the maxillary sinuses for three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction, visualization and volumetry is sought using an automated algorithm applied to cone beam computed tomographic (CBCT) data sets. Materials and methods: Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data sets of three subjects aged 9, 17, and 27 were used in 3D segmentation and reconstruction. The maxillary sinuses were obtained by propagation from one start point in the right sinus and one start point in the left sinus to the whole regions of both sinuses. The procedure was based on voxel intensity distributions and common anatomic structures, specifically each middle meatus of the nasal cavity. A program was written in C++ and VTK languages to demonstrate the surface topological shapes of the maxillary sinuses. Results: The developed segmentation algorithm separated maxillary sinuses successfully permitting accurate comparisons. It was robust and efficient. 3D morphological features of the maxillary sinuses were observed from three human subjects. Conclusions: Automated segmentation of maxillary sinuses from CBCT data sets is feasible using the proposed method. This tool might be useful for visualization, pathological diagnosis, and treatment planning of maxillary sinus disorders. (orig.)

Shi, Hongjian [Louisville Univ., KY (United States). Computer Vision and Image Processing Lab.; Scarfe, W.C.; Farman, A.G. [Louisville Univ., KY (United States). Div. of Radiology and Imaging Science

2006-08-15

96

Computed tomography measurements of different dimensions of maxillary and frontal sinuses  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background We have previously proposed the use of Doppler ultrasound to non-invasively stage sinus infection, as we showed that acoustic streaming could be generated in nonpurulent sinus secretions and helped to distinguish it from mucopurulent sinus secretions. In order to continue this development of a clinically applicable Doppler equipment, we need to determine different dimensions of the paranasal sinuses, especially the thickness of the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus (at the canine fossa. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the thickness of the canine fossa. This study aimed to (a estimate different dimensions of the maxillary and frontal sinuses measured on computed tomography (CT of the head, (b define cut-off values for the normal upper and lower limits of the different measured structures, (c determine differences in age, side and gender, (d compare manually and automatically estimated maxillary sinuses volumes, and (e present incidental findings in the paranasal sinuses among the study patients. Methods Dimensions of 120 maxillary and frontal sinuses from head CTs were measured independently by two radiologists. Results The mean value of the maxillary sinus volume was 15.7 ± 5.3 cm3 and significantly larger in males than in females (P = 0.004. There was no statistically significant correlation between the volume of maxillary sinuses with age or side. The mean value of the bone thickness at the canine fossa was 1.1 ± 0.4 mm. The automatically estimated volume of the maxillary sinuses was 14-17% higher than the calculated volume. There was high interobserver agreement with regard to the different measurements performed in this study. Different types of incidental findings of the paranasal sinuses were found in 35% of the patients. Conclusion We presented different dimensions of the maxillary and frontal sinuses on CTs. We believe that our data are necessary for further development of a clinically applicable Doppler equipment for staging rhinosinusitis.

Abul-Kasim Kasim

2011-04-01

97

Alterations in Maxillary Sinus Volume among Oral and Nasal Breathers  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Oral breathing causes many changes in the facial anatomical structures in adult patients. In this study we aimed to determine the effects of long-term oral breathing (>5 years) on the maxillary sinus volumes among adult male patients. Material/Methods We accessed medical records of 586 patients who had undergone cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) for any reason between September 2013 and April 2014. Patients who had undergone cone-beam dental volumetric tomography scans for any reason and who had answered a questionnaire about breathing were screened retrospectively. Cone beam dental volumetric tomography (I-Cat, Imaging Sciences International, Hatfield, PA, USA) was used to take the images of the maxillo-facial area at a setting of 120 kVp and 3.7 mA. This study involved male patients older than 21 years of age. Results The study included a total of 239 male patients, of which 68 were oral breathers and 171 were nasal breathers. The mean age of the oral breathers was 48.4 years and that of the nasal breathers was 46.7 years and the difference was not statistically significant (p>0.05). The mean maxillary sinus volumes of the oral and nasal breathers were 9043.49±1987.90 and 10851.77±2769.37, respectively, and the difference in maxillary sinus volume between the 2 groups was statistically significant (p5 years) was significantly lower than in nasal breathers, but it remains unclear whether this is due to malfunctioning of the nasal cavity or due to the underlying pathological condition. PMID:25553770

Agacayak, Kamil Serkan; Gulsun, Belgin; Koparal, Mahmut; Atalay, Yusuf; Aksoy, Orhan; Adiguzel, Ozkan

2015-01-01

98

Maxillary sinus marrow hyperplasia in sickle cell anemia  

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Marrow hyperplasia is a sequela of sickle cell anemia (SCA) and may be seen in the skull in children after 5 years of age. The facial bones, except for the mandible and orbits, are usually not involved. We report an unusual case of a 28-month-old black boy with SCA who presented with extensive marrow hyperplasia of the maxillary sinuses in addition to severe calvarial and mandibular changes. The imaging characteristics on CT (similar to other sites of marrow hyperplasia) and MR (low signal on both T{sub 1} and T{sub 2} sequences) should aid in making the correct diagnosis. (orig.)

Fernandez, M. [Dept. of Imaging, Children`s Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI (United States); Slovis, T.L. [Dept. of Imaging, Children`s Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI (United States); Whitten-Shurney, W. [Dept. of Pediatrics, Children`s Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI (United States)

1995-11-01

99

Myxofibrosarcoma of the maxillary sinus: a case report.  

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Full Text Available Myxofibrosarcoma, also known as myxoid variant of malignant fibrosis histiocytoma, is often located in the extremities and retroperitoneum of adult males. Its incidence in the ENT area is very low, therefore its diagnosis is often complicated. It has a high rate of local recurrence, although it has low rate of distant metastases. The only effective treatment is complete surgical resection, with little response to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. We present the case of a high-grade myxofibrosarcoma of the left maxillary sinus and nasal cavity, wich we treated with surgery and chemoradiation, but with bad clinical evolution.

Castro-Macia O, Rodriguez-Acevedo N, Alonso-Párraga D, Pérez-Pedrosa A, Quintana-Sanjuas A, Hamdan-Zabarce M, Meléndez-Garcia JM

2012-12-01

100

A combined frontal and maxillary sinus approach for repulsion of the third maxillary molar in a horse.  

OpenAIRE

The 3rd maxillary molar is a difficult tooth to remove by extraction or repulsion. A combined frontal and maxillary approach provides good exposure for repulsion of this tooth, debridement of the sinuses, and placement of an alveolar seal. The improved exposure should minimize operative difficulties and postoperative complications.

Boutros, C. P.; Koenig, J. B.

2001-01-01

101

Clinical study of pathways rising inflammatory diseases in the maxillary sinuses  

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Full Text Available Pathways of the maxillary sinus diseases is an interesting issue investigated by many authors during the past decades. The goal of this research was to study the pathways of infection spreading into the maxillary sinuses and to compare them in relation to their frequency, underlying causes and general epidemiologic characteristics of the involved population. A total number of 150 adult patients of both gender suffering different diseases of maxillary sinuses were included into the study. Pathways rising maxillary sinuses diseases were diagnosed on the basis of standard clinical procedures including CT sceau and MRI of the region. We found inflammatory processes to dominate the tumorous ones (107:43 patients. Rhinogenic type of sinusitis was the most frequent disease (72 patients while odontogenic sinusitis (35 patients was significantly less frequent. No case of traumatic or hematogenic maxillary sinusitis was found. Rhinogenic maxillary sinusitis is characterized by spontaneous onset while odontogenic one is mostly of arteficial origin after surgical procedures in the oral cavity (88% of patients. In contrast to rhinogenie type, odontogenic maxillary sinusitis is far more frequent in younger patients.

Janoševi?-Dotli? S.

2004-01-01

102

Removal of Maxillary Sinus Metallic Foreign Body Like a Hand Sewing Needle by Magnetic Iron  

OpenAIRE

Metallic foreign bodies are rarely found in the maxillary sinus, and usually they have a dental origin. Two main surgical app­roaches are currently used for the removal of foreign bodies in the maxillary sinus: the bone flap and the endoscopic sinus tech­niques. However, the treatment is not only surgical removal. We are reporting one case of foreign body like a hand sewing needle entered into the maxillary sinus through an unusual route— carious deciduous molar tooth. It was diagnosed by...

Shao, Linqin; Qin, Xiurong; Ma, Yingwei

2014-01-01

103

Neuroendocrine carcinoma arising in a wound of the postoperative maxillary sinus  

OpenAIRE

We report a case of a neuroendocrine carcinoma arising in a wound of the postoperative maxillary sinus that was difficult to distinguish from a postoperative maxillary cyst. The patient was a 65-year-old Japanese woman who complained of left exophthalmos with cheek swelling and eye movement disorders. In past history, she had, 40 years previously undergone operation on the bilateral maxillary sinus by Caldwell-Luc's method. In a preoperative computed tomography, a mass occupied the left maxil...

Katsuhisa Ikeda; Takeshi Kusunoki

2012-01-01

104

Video endoscopic oro-nasal visualisation of the anterior wall of maxillary sinus: a new technique  

OpenAIRE

The anterior wall of the maxillary sinus represents a blind spot in maxillary sinus endoscopic surgery because of the absence of proper visualisation and instrumentation to reach it. The aim of this study was to validate a new approach through the oral cavity into the nose with a flexible video endoscope (oro-nasal endoscopic approach; ONEA) to visualise the entire anterior maxillary wall including the anteromedial angle. We started from a dried bone cadaver model, and then dissected fresh-fr...

Trimarchi, M.; Tomazic, P. V.; Bertazzoni, G.; Rathburn, A.; Bussi, M.; Stammberger, H.

2014-01-01

105

Anterior pneumatization of the maxillary sinus — Presenting as a facial swelling  

OpenAIRE

Over pneumatization of the paranasal sinuses is a fairly common finding on computerized tomography; but involvement of a small segment of the maxillary sinus especially the anteromedial aspect is very rare. We report a case of a twenty year old male who presented with a facial swelling. On CT scan, the swelling was found to be due to pneumatization of the anterior part of the maxillary sinus. Surgical treatment was carried out for cosmetic reasons.

Nayak, Dipak Ranjan; Pujary, Kailesh; Ramaswamy, Balakrishnan; Mahesh, S. G.; Muddaiah, Dechu

2007-01-01

106

A Radiologic Study of the Relationship of the Maxillary Sinus Floor and Apex of the Maxillary Molar  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this study, radiographic evaluation was made using panoramic radiography and cross-sectional tomography of SCANORA in male and female adults in their 20 s on the relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the apex of the maxillary molar, to test the accuracy and effectiveness of the cross-sectional tomography, and to use this information in the assessment of preop, and postop, root canal treatment, apical surgery, extraction and implantology. Forty-one adults with an average age of 24.4 years were studied panoramic radiography and cross-sectional tomography. In panoramic view and cross-sectional view, the position of the apices of maxillary molars were classified as separated, contacted, or protruded type; the general shape of the maxillary sinus floor was evaluated horizontally and vertically from cross-sectional tomography. The accuracy of each radiography was tested using maxilla from 5 fresh cadavers from the Anatomy Lab at Yonsei University Dental College, and panoramic view and cross-sectional tomography were taken in the same condition as with the patients. The results were as follows ; 1. Panoramic view and cross-sectional view were taken in the maxilla specimen, and the actual distance between the maxillary sinus floor and the tooth apices were measured in the specimen; the median values of the distance from the tooth apices to the maxillary sinus floor in the panoramic view, cross-sectional view and in the accrual maxilla specimen were 2.83 mm, 4. accrual maxilla specimen were 2.83 mm, 4.51 mm, and 4.15 mm, respectively. In the cross-sectional view, the measured distance was close to the actual distance but in the panoramic view, the measured distance was far from the actual distance. 2. When the results of the panoramic view and cross-sectional view were compared, 40.5% of the results agreed with each other in the two radiographic methods and buccal roots of the 2nd molar were the closest to the maxillary sinus floor in the cross-sectional tomography.3. In cross-sectional view, when the vertical relationship of the maxillary sinus floor and maxillary roots was assessed, in 1st molars, type II (the sinus floor that extends down to the buccolingual furcation area) was predominant, while in 2nd molars, type I (the sinus floor located above the level connecting the buccal and lingual apices) was predominant. In the horizontal relationship, in 1st olars, type II (ths lowest floor of the maxillary sinus located in between the buccal and lingual roots) was predominant; in 2nd molars, type I (the lowest floor of the maxillary sinus located on the buccal side of the buccal roots) and type II appeared in similar frequency. In conclusion, the SCANORA cross-sectional tomography was more effective than the frequently used panoramic view, in that the relationship of the maxillary molars and maxillary sinus floor can be evaluated more accurately and the buccolingual cross-sectional view can also be observed. And maxillary sinus floor that was close to maxillary 2nd molar had tendency to be located on buccal side than that close to 1st molar. Therefore, cross-sectional tomography is an effective and accurate method to evaluate the position of the teeth in relation to the sinus floor preoperative and can be easily used to diagnose localized periapical lesions. Also the image quality obtained was quite satisfactory.

107

Radiodense concrements in sinus maxillaris-CT diagnosis of sinus aspergillosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

11 patients with radiodense concrements in the sinus maxillaris underwent a preoperative computertomographic examination of the sinus maxillaris and the sinus concrements. 8 patients (72.7%) with the occurrence of radiodense concrements presented postoperative a histological and microbiological infection with aspergillus fumigatus. The CT-numbers of radiodense concrements in patients with aspergillus were 2802±302.4 HU (Hounsfield Unit). Concrements of patients without aspergillus infection (n=3) had lower density (368.6±149.1 HU; p<0.001). The root filling materials showed narly the same CT-numbers in patients with aspergillus infection (2537±398.5 HU) and in patients without aspergillus infections (2544.3±460.6 HU). Density of root filling material was at the same level as density of radiopaque concrements in patients with aspergillus infections. According to CT-examinations a direct connection between root filling materials and aspergillus infection was noted. Therefore in patients with radiodense concrements computertomographic examination helps to determine the kind of sinus infection. (orig.)

108

Postoperative perforation of the Schneiderian membrane in maxillary sinus augmentation: a case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Perforation of the Schneiderian membrane constitutes a major intraoperative complication of maxillary sinus floor elevation with graft materials, but postoperative perforation of the sinus membrane is very rare. This case report demonstrates that conservative treatment involving drainage and the administration of systemic antibiotics can be used to successfully treat postoperative sinus membrane perforation with infection of the graft material. PMID:25020219

Jo, Kyu-Hong; Yoon, Kyu-Ho; Cheong, Jeong-Kwon; Jeon, In-Seong

2014-07-01

109

Video endoscopic oro-nasal visualisation of the anterior wall of maxillary sinus: a new technique.  

Science.gov (United States)

The anterior wall of the maxillary sinus represents a blind spot in maxillary sinus endoscopic surgery because of the absence of proper visualisation and instrumentation to reach it. The aim of this study was to validate a new approach through the oral cavity into the nose with a flexible video endoscope (oro-nasal endoscopic approach; ONEA) to visualise the entire anterior maxillary wall including the anteromedial angle. We started from a dried bone cadaver model, and then dissected fresh-frozen cadavers. The maxillary sinus was explored with a rigid and a flexible endoscope entering from the nose. Next, a flexible endoscope was introduced through the mouth and back up through the choana, it accessed the maxillary middle antrostomy, entering inside the sinus and looking at the anterior wall. A small ruler inserted inside the sinus demonstrated all the angles visualised. The new ONEA technique allows complete visualisation of the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus with inspection of all blind spots. It is therefore possible to detect lesions that would normally not be visible with a normal rigid endoscope. We demonstrate the validity of a novel technique that allows visualisation of the infero-medial angle of the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus. PMID:25210220

Trimarchi, M; Tomazic, P V; Bertazzoni, G; Rathburn, A; Bussi, M; Stammberger, H

2014-08-01

110

Differential radiologic diagnosis of the spherical shades found in the maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Data, obtained during clinical and radiologic examination of 203 patients have been analysed. It was found that the error percentage in diagnosis of the spherical shades in the maxillary sinuses reaches 22 % according to plain radiography of the nasal sinuses. A radiologic sympton of the spherical shade in the lumen of the maxillary sinus may be detected either in bening processes (retentive and odontogenic cysts, bening tumors, fibrous dysplasia of the jaws, etc.), or in malignant tumors, originating from the alveolar process area and the hard palate. Some radiologic signs of the most common diseases, accompanied by the sherical shade sympton in the lumen of the maxillary sinus, are described. A verification of both localization and nature of pathologic process in the maxillary sinus is carried out by means of multiposition craniography and various modifications of the stratifying X-ray examination

111

Near-infrared imaging of the sinuses: preliminary evaluation of a new technology for diagnosing maxillary sinusitis  

Science.gov (United States)

Diagnosing sinusitis remains a challenge for primary care physicians. There is a need for a simple, office-based technique to aid in the diagnosis of sinusitis without the cost and radiation risk of conventional radiologic imaging. We designed a low-cost near-infrared (NIR) device to transilluminate the maxillary sinuses. The use of NIR light allows for greater interrogation of deep-tissue structures as compared to visible light. NIR imaging of 21 patients was performed and compared with computed tomography (CT) scans. Individual maxillary sinuses were scored on a scale from 0 to 2 based on their degree of aeration present on CT and similarly based on the NIR signal penetration into the maxilla on NIR images. Our results showed that air-filled and fluid/tissue-filled spaces can be reasonably distinguished by their differing NIR signal penetration patterns, with average NIR imaging scores for fluid-filled maxillary sinuses (0.93+/-0.78, n=29) significantly lower than those for normal maxillary sinuses (1.62+/-0.57, n=13) (p=0.003). NIR imaging of the sinuses is a simple, safe, and cost-effective modality that can potentially aid in the diagnosis of sinusitis. Long-term, significant device refinement and large clinical trials will be needed to determine the diagnostic accuracy of this technique.

Mahmood, Usama; Cerussi, Albert; Dehdari, Reza; Nguyen, Quoc; Kelley, Timothy; Tromberg, Bruce; Wong, Brian

2010-05-01

112

Treatment of dental implant-related maxillary sinusitis with functional endoscopic sinus surgery in combination with an intra-oral approach  

OpenAIRE

The present report describes the case of a patient who underwent maxillary sinusitis right after dental implant installation with sinus lifting. Computed tomography scan revealed a dental implant (#16) was protruded inside the right maxillary sinus and confirmed the obstruction of ostium. A symptom remission was gained with the dual approaches combined by functional endoscopic sinus surgery and an intra-oral approach. Fully recovered function and healing of sinus were identified after 10 mont...

Nam, Ki-young; Kim, Jong-bae

2014-01-01

113

Radiotherapy of maxillary sinuses carcinoma: state of art  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Maxillary sinus carcinomas are rare malignancies of the face, characterized by high local relapsing rate. Modalities of treatment are without consensus and respective roles of radiation therapy and surgery remain controversial. As those malignancies are often diagnosed at locally advanced stage, radiation therapy may frequently be used for patients having unresectable advanced disease. Nevertheless, surgery remains treatment of choice for more localized malignancies, in association with systematic postoperative radiotherapy. For those patients whose prognosis remains pejorative, it is necessary to precise the role of radiotherapy in first intention for inoperable tumors, to define necessity for nodal treatment performing and evaluate the place of neo-adjuvant or concomitant chemotherapy in a multimodal strategy. (authors)

114

Maxillary sinus elevation: the effect of macrolacerations and microlacerations of the sinus membrane as determined by endoscopy.  

OpenAIRE

The authors evaluated the health of the maxillary sinus in a group of 18 patients who had undergone sinus lift surgery for implantation purposes, using computed tomography and endoscopic imaging as a means of diagnosis. The study was performed after a mean interval of 31 months. All sinus lift operations were carried out using the lateral flap technique. The authors evaluated graft characteristics and intraoperative and postoperative complications and compared the results with computed tomogr...

Aimetti, Mario

2001-01-01

115

Osteogenic potential of adult stem cells from human maxillary sinus membrane by Simvastatin in vitro: preliminary report  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives The objective of this study is to determine the adequate concentration and to evaluate the osteogenic potential of simvastatin in human maxillary sinus membrane-derived stem cells (hSMSC). Materials and Methods Mesenchymal stem cells derived from the human maxillary sinus membrane were treated with various concentrations of simvastatin. The adequate concentration of simvastatin for osteogenic induction was determined using bone morphogenetic protein (BMP-2). The efficacy of osteogenic differentiation of simavastatin was verified using osteocalcin mRNA, and the mineralization efficacy of hSMSCs and simvastatin treatment was compared with alkaline phosphatase and von Kossa staining. Results Expression of BMP-2 mRNA and protein was observed after three days and was dependent on the concentration of simvastatin. Expression of osteocalcin mRNA was observed after three days in the 1.0 µM simvastatin-treated group. Mineralization was observed after three days in the simvastatin-treated group. Conclusion These results suggest that simvastatin induces the osteogenic potential of mesenchymal stem cells derived from the human maxillary sinus membrane mucosa. PMID:24471035

Yun, Kyoung-In; Kim, Dong-Joon

2013-01-01

116

Sinusitis  

Science.gov (United States)

... age 20. However, children can still suffer from sinus infection. Although small, the maxillary (behind the cheek) and ethmoid (between the eyes) sinuses are present at birth. Sinusitis is difficult to diagnose in children ... may indicate a sinus infection in your child: a ?cold? lasting more ...

117

Role of Modified Endoscopic Medial Maxillectomy in Persistent Chronic Maxillary Sinusitis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Introduction Functional endoscopic sinus surgery has a long-term high rate of success for symptomatic improvement in patients with medically refractory chronic rhinosinusitis. As the popularity of the technique continues to grow, however, so does the population of patients with postsurgical persis [...] tent sinus disease, especially in those with a large window for ventilation and drainage. In addition, chronic infections of the sinuses especially fungal sinusitis have a higher incidence of recurrence even though a wide maxillary ostium had been performed earlier. This subset of patients often represents a challenge to the otorhinolaryngologist. Objectives To identify the patients with chronic recalcitrant maxillary sinusitis and devise treatment protocols for this subset of patients. Methods A retrospective review was done of all patients with persistent maxillary sinus disease who had undergone modified endoscopic medial maxillectomy between 2009 and 2012. We studied patient demographics, previous surgical history, and follow-up details and categorized the types of endoscopic medial maxillectomies performed in different disease situations. Results We performed modified endoscopic medial maxillectomies in 37 maxillary sinuses of 24 patients. The average age was 43.83 years. Average follow-up was 14.58 months. All patients had good disease control in postoperative visits with no clinical evidence of recurrences. Conclusion Modified endoscopic medial maxillectomy appears to be an effective surgery for treatment of chronic, recalcitrant maxillary sinusitis.

Ponnaiah, Thulasidas; Venkatraman, Vaidyanathan.

2014-04-01

118

A study of geometrical theory for maxillary sinus projection in children  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study is to evaluate the individual angulation on maxillary sinus projection and establishing angulation in children by new geometrical method. There were two groups, which are 60 cases in children (ranged from 1yr to 3yrs, 3yrs to 8yrs, 8yrs to 12yrs) and 50 cases in adults. We analyzed the true lateral maxillary sinus film of total 110 patients using new geometrical method. We demonstrated an angle of maxillary sinus projection. Arithmetical it is not valid during development of facial bone in childhood. The individual range of angulation according to age was that 1yr to 3yrs is 50-47 degrees, 3yrs to 8yrs is 47-40 degrees, 8yrs to 12yrs is 40-38 degrees. This geometrical method will be useful in establishing angulation for maxillary sinus projection

119

A study of geometrical theory for maxillary sinus projection in children  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This study is to evaluate the individual angulation on maxillary sinus projection and establishing angulation in children by new geometrical method. There were two groups, which are 60 cases in children (ranged from 1yr to 3yrs, 3yrs to 8yrs, 8yrs to 12yrs) and 50 cases in adults. We analyzed the true lateral maxillary sinus film of total 110 patients using new geometrical method. We demonstrated an angle of maxillary sinus projection. Arithmetical it is not valid during development of facial bone in childhood. The individual range of angulation according to age was that 1yr to 3yrs is 50-47 degrees, 3yrs to 8yrs is 47-40 degrees, 8yrs to 12yrs is 40-38 degrees. This geometrical method will be useful in establishing angulation for maxillary sinus projection.

Jeon, Heung Kyu; Kwon, Young Ho; Lee, Byung Je [Tongdaemoon Hospital, Ewha Womans Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1997-02-01

120

Orthodontic tooth movement through the maxillary sinus in an adult with multiple missing teeth.  

Science.gov (United States)

This case report describes the successful orthodontic tooth movement through the maxillary sinus in an adult patient. A 41-year-old Asian woman had severe lip protrusion and multiple missing posterior teeth. Her orthodontic treatment included the extraction of 2 teeth, maximum retraction of the incisors using the extraction spaces and the existing spaces from the missing molars, and closure of all remaining spaces. Even though the treatment time was extended because of the anatomic and biologic challenges associated with moving posterior teeth over a long distance through the maxillary sinus, a successful outcome was obtained, with significant bone modeling of the maxillary sinus. The results demonstrate that a carefully selected force system can overcome the anatomic limitations of moving tooth against the cortical bone of the maxillary sinus wall in adult patients. PMID:25263152

Oh, Heesoo; Herchold, Kiri; Hannon, Stephanie; Heetland, Kelly; Ashraf, Golnaz; Nguyen, Vince; Cho, Heon Jae

2014-10-01

121

Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography features of nasopharyngeal carcinomas with maxillary sinus involvement  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Anterior spread of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) may infiltrate the maxillary sinus. In a prospective study of 114 patients comparing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) in the staging of NPC, 10 (9%) patients were noted to have tumour infiltration of the maxillary sinuses. All of the patients except one had associated infiltration of the sphenoidal sinuses indicating advanced local spread. Computed tomography was excellent in outlining the extent of bony erosion and associated soft tissue mass within the antra. T1-weighted images could not demonstrate bony erosions directly although soft tissue extension into the sinuses could be clearly visualized. Both CT and MRI showed good demarcation between tumour and mucosal thickening within the maxillary sinus. Although MRI demonstrated soft tissue involvement more elegantly than CT, it did not appear to offer significantly more information that may affect clinical management. 13 refs., 1 tab., 4 figs

122

Does hyrax expansion therapy affect maxillary sinus volume? A cone-beam computed tomography report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The aim of this study was to investigate the initial effects of maxillary expansion therapy with Hyrax appliance and to evaluate the related changes in maxillary sinus volume. Thirty patients (20 females, 10 males; 13.8 years) requiring maxillary expansion therapy, as part of their comprehensive orthodontic treatment, were examined. Each patient had cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images taken before (T1) and after (T2) maxillary expansion therapy with a banded Hyrax appliance. Multiplanar slices were used to measure linear dimensions and palatal vault angle. Volumetric analysis was used to measure maxillary sinus volumes. Student t tests were used to compare the pre- and post-treatment measurements. Additionally, differences between two age groups were compared with Mann-Whitney U test. The level of significance was set at p=0.05. Comparison of pre-treatment to post-treatment variables revealed significant changes in the transverse dimension related to both maxillary skeletal and dental structures and palatal vault angle, resulting in a widened palatal vault (p<0.05). Hard palate showed no significant movement in the vertical and anteroposterior planes. Nasal cavity width increased on a mean value of 0.93 mm(SD=0.23, p<0.05). Maxillary sinus volume remained virtually stable. No significant age differences were observed in the sample. Hyrax expansion therapy did not have a significant impact on maxillary sinus volume.

Darsey, Drew M.; English, Jeryl D.; Ellis, Randy K.; Akyalcin, Sercan [School of Dentistry, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston (United States); Kau, Chung H [School of Dentistry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham (United States)

2012-06-15

123

Easy and Unbiased Determination of the Maxillary Sinus Volume Fácil Determinación y sin Sesgo del Volumen del Seno Maxilar  

OpenAIRE

Determining the volume of the maxillary sinus is necessary in certain procedures. We present a simple method for estimating the volume of the maxillary sinus from groups 3, 5 and 9 coronal CT scan using the Cavalieri method combined with systematic sampling and evaluated randomized images. We used 10 dry skulls submitted to the TC. The actual volume was determined using silicone adapted to the maxillary sinus cavity. The estimated volume showed a high correlation with real volume, with no dif...

Cesar Coronado; Oscar Arriagada; Iván Suazo Galdames

2011-01-01

124

A rare cause of nasolacrimal duct obstruction: Dentigerous cyst in the maxillary sinus  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The most common abnormality of the lacrimal drainage system is congenital or acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction. The causes of acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction may be primary or secondary. The secondary acquired obstructions may result from infection, inflammation, neoplasm, trauma or mechanical causes. The maxillary sinus cysts usually obstruct the nasolacrimal duct mechanically. Dentigerous cysts are one of the main types of maxillary cysts. These cysts are benign odontogenic cysts which are associated with the crowns of unerupted teeth. The clinical documentations of mechanical nasolacrimal duct obstructions due to a dentigerous cyst in the maxillary sinus are very rare in literature. In this case report, we describe a dentigerous cyst with a supernumerary tooth in the maxillary sinus in an 11-year-old male child causing an obstruction to the nasolacrimal duct. The case was successfully managed surgically by Caldwell Luc approach.

Ray Biswarup

2009-01-01

125

Comparison of panoramic radiography and cone beam computed tomography for assessing the relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and maxillary molars  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This study compared panoramic radiography and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) for evaluating the relationship between the maxillary sinus floor and the roots of maxillary molars. Paired panoramic radiographs and CBCT images from 97 subjects were analysed. This analysis classified 388 maxillary molars according to their relationship to the maxillary sinus floor on panoramic radiograph and CBCT. Correlations between these two radiographic techniques were examined. Maxillary molar roots that were separate from the sinus floor showed the same classification in 100% of the cases when using these two imaging techniques. The corresponding percentage for such roots that were in contact with the sinus floor was 75%. When roots overlapped the maxillary sinus floor on panoramic radiographs, only 26.4% of maxillary first molars and 60.0% of second molars showed protrusion of roots into the sinus with CBCT. The results of the study suggest that roots projecting into the sinus on panoramic radiographs require a three-dimensional image in order to analyze the proximity of their apex to the sinus floor.

Jun, Yun Hoa; Cho, Bong Hae [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

2009-06-15

126

Experimental study on penetration of dental implants into the maxillary sinus in different depths  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The exposing of dental implant into the maxillary sinus combined with membrane perforation might increase risks of implant failure and sinus complications. Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the dental implant penetration into the maxillary sinus cavity in diffe [...] rent depths on osseointegration and sinus health in a dog model. Material and Methods: Sixteen titanium implants were placed in the bilateral maxillary molar areas of eight adult mongrel dogs, which were randomly divided into four groups according to the different penetrating extents of implants into the sinus cavities (group A: 0 mm; group B: 1 mm; group C: 2 mm; group D: 3 mm). The block biopsies were harvested five months after surgery and evaluated by radiographic observation and histological analysis. Results: No signs of inflammatory reactions were observed in any maxillary sinus of the eight dogs. The tips of the implants with penetrating depth of 1 mm and 2 mm were found to be fully covered with newly formed membrane and partially with new bone. The tips of the implants with penetrating depth over 3 mm were exposed in the sinus cavity and showed no membrane or bone coverage. No significant differences were found among groups regarding implant stability, bone-to-implant contact (BIC) and bone area in the implant threads (BA). Conclusions: Despite the protrusion extents, penetration of dental implant into the maxillary sinus with membrane perforation does not compromise the sinus health and the implant osseointegration in canine.

Weijian, ZHONG; Binke, CHEN; Xin, LIANG; Guowu, MA.

2013-12-01

127

Surgical treatment of Aspergillus mycetomas of the maxillary sinus: review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study reviews the literature concerning the surgical treatment of Aspergillus mycetoma (AM) in the last 20 years to identify a gold standard surgical technique. Aspergillus mycetoma of the maxillary sinus, or mycetoma (fungus ball), is a noninvasive or extramucosal mycotic infection. Surgical removal of the sinus fungal masses to ensure drainage and aeration is performed using the traditional Caldwell-Luc (CL) procedure or endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). Results of this review suggest that the gold standard surgical technique for AM is ESS with middle meatal antrostomy. General or local antifungal drugs are not indicated. Combined approach with an intraoral surgical access from the anterolateral wall of the maxillary sinus has to be reserved for selected cases in which ESS doesn't permit complete extraction of all fungal concretions or foreign bodies. The CL procedure should be avoided, because it has detrimental consequences for sinus physiology. PMID:17449289

Costa, Fabio; Polini, Francesco; Zerman, Nicoletta; Robiony, Massimo; Toro, Corrado; Politi, Massimo

2007-06-01

128

The ethmoido-maxillary plate and paranasal sinuses. A study by HRCT  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The ethmoido-maxillary plate is a thin layer of bone separating the maxillary sinus from the ethmoidal cells or sphenoidal sinus. The plate was studied using axial HRCT images obtained from various otological lesions. One hundred forty-one adults were included in this study. The ethmoido-maxillary plate was first classified into four groups of configurations, namely, straight or near-straight, anterior-concave, posterior-concave and ant. and post. concave forms. The incidences of these forms were 55%, 23%, 13%, and 9%, respectively. A symmetrical configuration between the two sides was seen in 50%. The numbers of ethmoidal cells and/or sphenoidal sinus in contact with the plate and their incidences were 2 cells (47%), 3 cells (30%), 1 cell (15%), 4 cells (5%), and 5 cells (1%). The straight form showed lower numbers of cells than the other forms. The sphenoidal sinus and the maxillary sinus were in direct contact with each other at the ethmoido-maxillary plate in 19% of cases. (author)

129

Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour of the maxillary sinus: CT and MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: To characterize the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours (IMTs) of the maxillary sinus. Materials and methods: The imaging findings of eight patients with IMTs of the maxillary sinus were reviewed retrospectively. Of the eight patients, four patients underwent unenhanced and contrast-enhanced CT, and one patient underwent unenhanced CT only; three patients underwent unenhanced and contrast-enhanced MRI. Results: Five cases of IMTs occurred in the left maxillary sinus, while three cases were right-sided. Four cases occupied the entire sinus, and the other four cases only partially occupied the sinus. Unenhanced CT images showed heterogeneous masses in four cases and a homogeneous mass in one case. One of the tumours showed some areas of calcification. T1-weighted MRI images showed isointense lesions. T2-weighted images showed mixed isointense and mild hyperintense lesions. All cases showed bone destruction and had infiltrated into the nasal fossa, orbit, infratemporal fossa, and other adjacent tissues. Seven cases showed mild to moderate heterogeneous enhancement on contrast-enhanced CT or T1-weighted MRI images. Conclusion: IMTs of the maxillary sinus can be characterized as a soft-tissue mass with bony destruction and infiltration of the adjacent tissues, with mild to moderate enhancement after the injection of contrast medium. CT and MRI can help to diagnose IMTs, determine the extent of to diagnose IMTs, determine the extent of the lesion and its relationship with adjacent tissues, and thus facilitate the prediction of surgical resectability.

130

A radiographic study on the morphology of the maxillary sinus in adolescents and adults  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was radiographic analysis of the morphology of maxillary sinus in adolescents and adults. In order to analyze the morphology of maxillary sinus in view point of anteroposterior width of medial wall, vertical distance between antral floor and nasal floor level, anterior extension, distance between antral floor and maxillary 1st molar apex, and types of lower border of maxillary sinus, specialized maxillary projection and periapical view with paralleling technique was taken. The author examined orthopantomograms and intraoral standard views taken from 400 adolescents and adults ranged 15-65 years-old. The obtained results were as follows: 1. The antero-posterior width of medial wall of maxillary sinus was 32.80 mm in 15-19 year-old group, 33.86 mm in 20-24 year-old group, 34.09 mm in 25-29 year-old group, and 33.67 mm in 30-65 year-old group, and left maxillary sinus was somewhat smaller than the right. 2. The vertical distance between antral floor and nasal floor level was 8.49 mm in 15-19 year-old group, 9.05 mm i n 20-24 year-old group, 8.95 mm in 25-29 year-old group, and 8.32 mm in 30-65 year-old group. 3. The order of anterior extension of maxillary sinus were distal half of canine, mesial half of canine, mesial half of 1st premolar, and distal half of 1st premolar. 4. The distance between antral floor and maxillary 1st molar were 4.36 mm in 15-19 year-old group, 4.77 mm in 20-24 yea r-old group, 3.58 mm in 25-29 year-old group, and 2.33 3.58 mm in 25-29 year-old group, and 2.33 mm in 30-65 year-old group. 5. The order of the types of lower border of maxillary sinus were entire downward type, close type, partially downward type, waving type, separating type, and indistinct. In the types of antral floor, there was a tendency to increase the separating type with age.

131

Observation of maxillary sinus septa and bony bridges using dry skulls between Hellman's dental age of IA and IIIC.  

Science.gov (United States)

Maxillary sinus septa and bony bridges were observed using dry skulls in childhood, classified based on Hellman's dental age, to clarify maxillary sinus septum formation. Eighty-eight maxillary sinuses of 44 dry skulls and a cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) unit were used. The locations of the septum, defined as a pointed bony structure originating from the inferior wall, and bony bridge, defined as a bony structure between the maxillary sinus wall and dental germ, were antero-posteriorly recorded, and the superoinferior distance, distance from the bony palate, and angle to the median palatine suture were measured. The rate of septum presence in the maxillary sinus was high (41.7%) in IIIC, and the septa were located in the deciduous molars, premolars, and molars. Also, all bony bridges were related to the median maxillary sinus wall, and the rate of the maxillary sinus showing a bony bridge was high in IIA and IIIA. Septum presence in the maxillary sinus was observed in IIA, IIC, IIIA, IIIB, and IIIC of Hellman's dental age. Also, bony bridges were observed in IC, IIA, IIC, IIIA, IIIB, and IIIC of Hellman's dental age. PMID:20882766

Naitoh, Munetaka; Suenaga, Yutaka; Gotoh, Kenichi; Ito, Masaki; Kondo, Shintaro; Ariji, Eiichiro

2010-08-01

132

Clinical Significance of Pathological and Anatomical Findings in Cone Beam CT Scans of the Maxillary Sinus  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: To determine the range and prevalence of pathological conditions and demonstration of significant anatomical structures in the maxillary sinuses using the cone beam computerized tomographic (CBCT scan. Methodology: Case series of 60 CBCT scans of the maxillae. Results: Forty (67% of the scans were of female patients while the rest (20, 33% were of males. Remarkably, the majority of the scans were requested for those patients who sought dental implant fabrication. Overall, 35 (58% scans demonstrated pathological features while 8 (13% demonstrated significant anatomical structures. Pathological features included mucosal thickening in 26 (43%, polypoid lesions in 9 (15%, total antral opacification in 1 (2% and foreign body in 1 (2%. The commonest anatomic feature was dental root protrusion into the maxillary sinuses in 8 (13%. Conclusion: The CBCT imaging is an important tool for investigating the maxillary sinuses for pathology and the demonstration of the associated anatomic relations.

Eunice Kihara

2014-06-01

133

MAXILLARY SINUS AUGMENTATION AND IMPLANT PLACEMENT USING VENOUS BLOOD WITHOUT GRAFT MATERIAL: A CASE LETTER.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract AbstractObjective: Restoration of lost dentition in the severely atrophic posterior maxilla has been successfully treated with various sinus augmentation techniques such as using bone grafts and bone substitutes are frequently used to enable placement of dental implants. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether sinus membrane elevation and the simultaneous insertion of titanium implants without additional grafting material constitute a valid technique for bone augmentation of the maxillary sinus floor.Material and methods: A 35-year-old female patient evaluated with lost dentition in the left posterior maxilla. Preoperative cone beam computerized tomography (CBCT) were taken to guide the surgery. The sinus lift was performed and two implants were placed simultaneously in the residual subantral bone. The collected peripheral venous blood was applied to support the sinus membrane over the implant apex. Computed tomography (CT) was performed after 6 months healing period.Results: Comparisons of pre- and postoperative CT radiography clearly demonstrated new bone formation and new sinus floors were found within the compartment created by the sinus membrane elevation procedure. All implants remained stable during the healing period in clinical evaluations therefore definitive fixed prosthesis inserted. Conclusion: The case report showed that sinus membrane elevation without the use of bone graft material was found to be a predictable technique for bone augmentation of the maxillary sinus floor. PMID:23145897

Dikicier, Sibel; Dikicier, Emre; Karacayli, Umit

2012-11-12

134

A rare cause of nasolacrimal duct obstruction: Dentigerous cyst in the maxillary sinus  

OpenAIRE

The most common abnormality of the lacrimal drainage system is congenital or acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction. The causes of acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction may be primary or secondary. The secondary acquired obstructions may result from infection, inflammation, neoplasm, trauma or mechanical causes. The maxillary sinus cysts usually obstruct the nasolacrimal duct mechanically. Dentigerous cysts are one of the main types of maxillary cysts. These cysts are benign odontogenic cyst...

Ray Biswarup; Bandyopadhyay Saumendra; Das Debabrata; Adhikary Bivas

2009-01-01

135

Hydrodynamic ultrasonic maxillary sinus lift: Review of a new technique and presentation of a clinical case  

OpenAIRE

Objectives: Placing implants in the posterior maxillary area has the drawback of working with scarce, poor quality bone in a significant percentage of cases. Numerous advanced surgical techniques have been developed to overcome the difficulties associated with these limitations. Subsequent to reports on the elevation of the maxillary sinus through the lateral approach, there were reports on the use of the crestal approach, which is less aggressive but requires a minimal amount of bone. Furthe...

Vela?zquez-cayo?n, Roci?o; Romero-ruiz, Manuel M.; Torres-lagares, Daniel; Pe?rez-dorao, Beatriz; Wainwright, Marcel; Abalos-labruzzi, Camilo; Gutie?rrez-pe?rez, Jose? L.

2011-01-01

136

Removal of unusual, large high-velocity metallic maxillary sinus foreign bodies by a modified free bone flap technique.  

Science.gov (United States)

Metallic foreign bodies are rarely found in the maxillary sinus, and usually they have a dental origin.Potential complications related to foreign bodies include recurrent sinusitis, rhinolith formation, cutaneous fistula,chemical poisoning, facial neuralgic pain and even malignancies.Two main surgical approaches are currently used for the removal of foreign bodies in the maxillary sinus: the bone flap and the endoscopic sinus techniques. We are reporting two unusual cases of large high-velocity foreign bodies removed by a modified maxillary lateral antrotomy,with free bone flap repositioning and fixation with a titanium miniplate. PMID:19894057

Scolozzi, Paolo; Momjian, Armen; Lombardi, Tommaso

2010-02-01

137

Computed Tomography Findings of an Unusual Maxillary Sinus Mass: Brown Tumor Due to Tertiary Hyperparathyroidism  

Science.gov (United States)

Brown tumor is a non-neoplastic bone lesion that develops secondary to hyperparathyroidism and it is very rare in the maxillofacial region. We report the case of a 59-year-old man who presented with pain and a swelling in the left cheek. Computed tomography (CT) demonstrated an expansile and radioluscent lesion in the left maxillary sinus. Incisional biopsy was performed, and the diagnosis was Brown tumor. Brown tumor must be considered in the differential diagnosis of expansile lesions of maxillary sinus. PMID:24404414

Altay, Canan; Erdo?an, Nezahat; Eren, Erdem; Altay, Sedat; Karasu, ?ebnem; Uluç, Engin

2013-01-01

138

Research on a method of embedding implants into crista and apophysis of sinus maxillaris  

OpenAIRE

Objective To study and evaluate the method of embedding implants into crista and apophysis of sinus maxillaris precisely and safely.Methods Eight patients with insufficient alveolar bone height in the posterior maxillary region,including 5 males and 3 females with mean age of 46.4±12.8 years,received dental implant surgery.By using CT scan based on 3D reconstruction analysis,each patient was chosen in accordance with the following criteria: sinus septa and apophysis located over the lost tee...

Sun, Zhen-yu; Liu, Hui; Wang, Dao-fu; Chen, Guang; Zhang, Ming-rui; Feng, Jie

2011-01-01

139

The ability of panoramic radiography in assessing maxillary sinus inflammatory diseases  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To evaluate the relative diagnostic accuracy of panoramic radiography and Water's projection in maxillary sinus inflammatory diseases by comparing the radiodensities of the images with those of CT. Panoramic radiographs, Waters' projection, and CT images from 55 subjects (110 sinuses) were included in this retrospective study. The radiodensity of each maxillary sinus in panoramic radiography was recorded separately as upper and lower divided horizontally by hard palate. In Waters' projection, the overall sinus radiodensity was recorded. The CT images were considered as gold standard. In panoramic radiography, 83 sinuses had same upper and lower radiodensity and 72 of these were consistent with those of CT, 26 sinuses had different upper and lower radiodensity and 15 of these, upper radiodensity was consistent with CT, the remaining 11, lower radiodensity was consistent with CT. One sinus had upper radiolucency with lower radiopacity and both were consistent with those of CT. Altogether 73 (66.4%) among 110 sinuses in panoramic radiography showed full agreement with CT, 26 (23.6%) showed partial agreement with CT. 9 sinuses had no lower image under the hard palate in panoramic radiography due to the smaller size of sinus. In Waters' projection, the radiodensity of 105 sinuses (95.5%) were consistent with that of CT. The panoramic radiography showed 90.0% of the sinus conditions fully or partially which may appear less accurate than that of Water's view (95.5%) but with more detailed information of the inferior part of sinuses.

Nah, Kyung Soo [Department of Dental Radiology, College of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

2008-12-15

140

Spiral Computed Tomography Based Maxillary Sinus Imaging in Relation to Tooth Loss, Implant Placement and Potential Grafting Procedure  

OpenAIRE

Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to explore the maxillary sinus anatomy, its variations and volume in patients with a need for maxillary implant placement.Materials and Methods: Maxillary sinus data of 101 consecutive patients who underwent spiral computed tomography (CT) scans for preoperative implant planning in the maxilla at the Department of Periodontology, University Hospital, Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium were retrospectively evaluated. The alveolar bon...

Reinhilde Jacobs; Dong Xue; Yuqian Hu; Johan van Cleynenbreugel; Maryam Shahbazian

2010-01-01

141

Preoperative roentgendiagnostic of the naso-maxillary sinuses and operative findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The preoperative roentgenmorphology of the nasomaxillary sinuses was compared with the intraoperative findings. The dates of 285 patientes were evaluated. For the maxillary sinus there was correspondency in 85.7%. There were no differences in the cases explored with tomography. For the ethmoidal sinus there was correspondency in 89.5% and for the frontal sinus in 82.7%. The importance of the preoperative roentgenexamination with the standard-exposure in occipitomental projection was less the demonstration of the inflammation than of other findings. The sphenoidal sinus was best explored by tomography. The standardprojection did not always allow the differentiation of cystes, polypes and mucoceles in dieseased sinuses. The tomography was superior to the standardprojection. In tumorpatients the accompanying inflammation could not be separated from tumorinfiltration with certainty. (orig.)

142

Use of symptoms and signs to diagnose maxillary sinusitis in general practice: comparison with ultrasonography.  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVE--To establish the incidence of maxillary sinusitis in general practice and the predictive value of symptoms and signs. DESIGN--Population based study. SETTING--9 general practices with 15,220 patients aged 15 years and older on the list. PATIENTS--400 patients with 441 episodes in whom practitioners intended to confirm or to exclude sinusitis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Results of ultrasonography and signs and symptoms associated with positive results. RESULTS--212 of the 441 episodes w...

Duijn, N. P.; Brouwer, H. J.; Lamberts, H.

1992-01-01

143

Long-term Survivors of Adult Rhabdomyosarcoma of Maxillary Sinus Following Multimodal Therapy: Case Reports and Literature Reviews  

OpenAIRE

Rhabdomyosarcoma of the maxillary sinus is uncommon in adults. The clinical courseand appropriate treatment strategy for the disease remains to be elucidated. This articledescribes two adult patients with rhabdomyosarcoma of the maxillary sinus who achievedlong-term survival after undergoing multimodal therapy. We also reviewed the literatureregarding 23 patients who were 15 years of age or older and had rhabdomyosarcoma of themaxillary sinus and were treated between 1950 and 2000. Results of...

Tsung-Han Wu; Jen-Seng Huang; Hung-Ming Wang; Cheng-Hsu Wang; Kun-Yun Yeh

2010-01-01

144

Spiral Computed Tomography Based Maxillary Sinus Imaging in Relation to Tooth Loss, Implant Placement and Potential Grafting Procedure  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to explore the maxillary sinus anatomy, its variations and volume in patients with a need for maxillary implant placement.Materials and Methods: Maxillary sinus data of 101 consecutive patients who underwent spiral computed tomography (CT scans for preoperative implant planning in the maxilla at the Department of Periodontology, University Hospital, Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium were retrospectively evaluated. The alveolar bone height was measured on serial cross-sectional images between alveolar crest and sinus floor, parallel to the tooth axis. In order to describe the size of the maxillary sinus anteroposterior (AP and mediolateral (ML diameters of the sinus were measured.Results: The results indicated that the alveolar bone height was significantly higher in the premolar regions in comparison to the molar region (n = 46, P 4 mm mucosal thickening mostly at the level of the sinus floor. The present sample did not allow revealing any significant difference (P > 0.05 in maxillary sinus dimensions for partially dentate and edentulous subjects.Conclusions: Cross-sectional imaging can be used in order to obtain more accurate information on the morphology, variation, and the amount of maxillary bone adjacent to the maxillary sinus.

Reinhilde Jacobs

2010-01-01

145

Decellularized Human Maxillary Sinus Schneiderian Membrane as a Potential Scaffold for Tissue Engineering  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Biological matrix has received special attention in recent medical and biological researches. Cells of tissue are supported by extracellular matrix (ECM. Extracellular matrix is used as a scaffold for morphogenesis, proliferation, migration, and differentiation in tissue engineering. Extracellular matrix of natural tissues can be used as a scaffold for reconstructing biological tissues in tissue engineering. Human maxillary sinus membrane consists of cells and ECM which contain collagen, elastin, and proteoglycans. Collagen can be used as a natural scaffold via high level of biocompatibility. Materials & Methods: In this study, Human maxillary sinus membrane were decellularized by two techniques , physical method (liquid nitrogen and chemical procedures via increment concentration of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS in three groups. The samples were fixed with Bouin's fixator, and then were stained with Hematoxylin & Eosin. decellularised Human maxillary sinus membrane was evaluated with scanning electrone microscope.Results: Histological evaluation of decellularized scaffolds revealed that cells of the schneiderian membrane tissues were completely removed via concentration of 1% of SDS. Scanning Electrone Microscope (SEM (Leo-VP1450, Germany of the scaffolds indicated that collagen fibers of connective tissue remained intact. In 0.5 and 0.1% concentrations of SDS, few cells were observed at peripheral of ECM, so decellularization process was not complete. Conclusion: According to the results, scaffolds prepared from Human Maxillary Sinus Membrane could be used as a suitable scaffold for In vitro investigation and reconstruction and tissue engineering.

Saeedeh KhajehAhmadi

2013-01-01

146

Two cases with radiation-induced cancers after radiation therapy for cancer of the maxillary sinus  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We experienced 2 patients with malignant non-epithelial tumors that developed following an incubation stage of 10 years or more after radiation therapy for cancer of the maxillary sinus. In Patient 1, the primary cancer was unclear, but it was speculated that this patient had been treated for cancer of the maxillary sinus. In patient 2, cancer of the maxillary sinus had been treated in our hospital. In patient 1, the secondary cancer was a malignant histiocytoma of the parapharyngeal space. In patient 2, the secondary cancer was a spindle cell sarcoma in the maxillary sinus. According to the classification of the probability of radiation-induced cancer after treatment for malignant tumors, the probability was evaluated as A in Patient 2, and B or higher in Patient 1. In the two patients, radiation-induced cancer was strongly suggested. For treatment, extended surgery was indicated, as a rule. In Patient 1, radical neck dissection was performed. In patient 2, tumorectomy was performed several times. Concerning the prognosis, Patient 1 is alive without cancer, but Patient 2 died of intracranial invasion by tumor. The invasion of the tumor and histological type may have influenced the prognosis. The incidence of radiation-induced cancer is considered to be 1% or less. However, radiation therapy-related late disorder must be considered. (author)

Watanabe, Naohiko; Okuno, Keiichirou; Sakuma, Takaaki; Noguchi, Kazuhiro; Zusho, Hiroyuki [Kanto Rosai Hospital, Kawasaki, Kanagawa (Japan); Matumoto, Manabu [Showa Univ., Tokyo (Japan). School of Medicine

2002-03-01

147

Anatomical Variation of the Maxillary Sinus in Cone Beam Computed Tomography  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose. The aim of this paper is to report a case in which the cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) was important for the confirmation of the presence of maxillary sinus septum and, therefore, the absence of a suspected pathologic process. Case Description. A 27-year-old male patient was referred for the assessment of a panoramic radiograph displaying a radiolucent area with radiopaque border located in the apical region of the left upper premolars. The provisional diagnosis was either anatomical variation of the maxillary sinuses or a bony lesion. Conclusion. The CBCT was important for an accurate assessment and further confirmation of the presence of maxillary septum, avoiding unnecessary surgical explorations. PMID:24707410

Poleti, Marcelo Lupion; Paes da Silva Ramos Fernandes, Luciana Maria; Oliveira-Santos, Christiano; Capelozza, Ana Lúcia Alvares; Chinellato, Luiz Eduardo Montenegro; Rubira-Bullen, Izabel Regina Fischer

2014-01-01

148

Usefulness of Panoramic Radiography in the Detection of Maxillary Sinus Pathosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

to evaluate the usefulness of the panoramic radiography, generally used in dental clinic, for the detection of the maxillary sinus pathosis due to the inflammation and tumor, through the comparison with CT findings as the absolute standard. 150 maxillary sinuses of 75 patients with or without particular signs and symptoms and showing soft tissue lesions or destruction of maxillary sinus walls in at least one sinus in CT, were selected as subject samples, and the panoramic radiography of the same patients were interpretated by 3 dental radiologists and 3 non dental radiologist given no previous information. Using the CT findings as the absolute standard, the diagnostic ability of panoraimc radiography in the mucosal thickening, maxillary sinus haziness, inferior wall destruction, medial wall destruction, posterolateral wall destruction and the superior wall destruction was evaluated using the ROC curve and the difference between dental radiologist group and non dental radiologist group was also evaluated. 1. When dental radiologist group interpretated the destruction of inferior wall and posterolateral wall, the kappa value which shows interobserver's coincidence was above 0.75.2. The diagnostic ability according to site of interpretation was the highest when the inferior wall was interpretated in both observer groups and there was a statistically significant difference between the dental radiologist group and non dental radiologist group in interpretating the mucosal ogist group in interpretating the mucosal thickening, haziness, destruction of the inferior and medial wall (p<0.05).3. The diagnostic ability in detecting the destruction of the sinus walls was better than in soft tissue lesions in both groups and between the groups there was a statistically significant difference (p<0.05). When detecting the destruction of inferior and posterolateral wall of the maxillary sinus there was coincident with that of CT findings, and so it is considered that diagnostic ability of panoramic radiography is high in this point. But in interpretating the destruction of medial wall and soft tissue lesions, diagnostic ability of the panoramic radiography was relatively low and there was a significant difference between the dental radiologist group and non dental radiologist group. Therefore CT or other auxiliary diagnostic method will be necessary when evaluating thorough pathosis of maxillary sinus objectively.

149

Usefulness of Panoramic Radiography in the Detection of Maxillary Sinus Pathosis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

to evaluate the usefulness of the panoramic radiography, generally used in dental clinic, for the detection of the maxillary sinus pathosis due to the inflammation and tumor, through the comparison with CT findings as the absolute standard. 150 maxillary sinuses of 75 patients with or without particular signs and symptoms and showing soft tissue lesions or destruction of maxillary sinus walls in at least one sinus in CT, were selected as subject samples, and the panoramic radiography of the same patients were interpretated by 3 dental radiologists and 3 non dental radiologist given no previous information. Using the CT findings as the absolute standard, the diagnostic ability of panoraimc radiography in the mucosal thickening, maxillary sinus haziness, inferior wall destruction, medial wall destruction, posterolateral wall destruction and the superior wall destruction was evaluated using the ROC curve and the difference between dental radiologist group and non dental radiologist group was also evaluated. 1. When dental radiologist group interpretated the destruction of inferior wall and posterolateral wall, the kappa value which shows interobserver's coincidence was above 0.75.2. The diagnostic ability according to site of interpretation was the highest when the inferior wall was interpretated in both observer groups and there was a statistically significant difference between the dental radiologist group and non dental radiologist group in interpretating the mucosal thickening, haziness, destruction of the inferior and medial wall (p<0.05).3. The diagnostic ability in detecting the destruction of the sinus walls was better than in soft tissue lesions in both groups and between the groups there was a statistically significant difference (p<0.05). When detecting the destruction of inferior and posterolateral wall of the maxillary sinus there was coincident with that of CT findings, and so it is considered that diagnostic ability of panoramic radiography is high in this point. But in interpretating the destruction of medial wall and soft tissue lesions, diagnostic ability of the panoramic radiography was relatively low and there was a significant difference between the dental radiologist group and non dental radiologist group. Therefore CT or other auxiliary diagnostic method will be necessary when evaluating thorough pathosis of maxillary sinus objectively.

Lee, Eun Sook; Paek, Chang Seo [Dept. of Dental Radiology, College of Dentistry, Yensei University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1999-02-15

150

Measurement of maxillary sinus volume and available alveolar bone height using computed tomography  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To aid in determining the volume of graft bone required before a maxillary sinus lift procedure and compare the alveolar bone height measurements taken by panoramic radiographs to those by CT images. Data obtained by both panoramic radiographs and CT examination of 25 patients were used in this study. Maxillary sinus volumes from the antral floor to heights of 5 mm, 10 mm, 15 mm, and 20 mm , were calculated. Alveolar bone height was measured on the panoramic images at each maxillary tooth site and corrected by magnification rate (PBH). Available bone height (ABH) and full bone height (FBH) was measured on reconstructed CT images. PBH was compared with ABH and FBH at the maxillary incisors, canines, premolars, and molars. Volumes of the inferior portion of the sinuses were 0.55 {+-} 0.41 cm{sup 3} for 5 mm lifts, 2.11 {+-} 0.68 cm{sup 3} for 10 mm, 4.26 {+-} 1.32 cm{sup 3} for 15 mm, 6.95 {+-} 2.01 cm{sup 3} for 20 mm. For the alveolar bone measurement, measurements by panoramic images were longer than available bone heights determined by CT images at the incisor and canine areas, and shorter than full bone heights on CT images at incisor, premolar, and molar areas (p<0.001). In bone grafting of the maxillary sinus floor, 0,96 cm{sup 3} or more is required for a 5 mm - lift, 2.79 cm{sup 3} or more for a 10 mm - lift, 5.58 cm{sup 3} or more for a 15 mm - lift, and 8.96 cm{sup 3} or more for a 20 mm - lift. Maxillary implant length determined using panoramic radiograph alone could result in underestimation or overestimation, according to the site involved.

Lee, Jae Hak; Han, Won Jeong; Choi, Young Hi; Kim, Eun Kyung [Dankook University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2003-03-15

151

Associations between inflammatory cells infiltrating the ethmoid sinus mucosa, and nasal polyp size and grade of ethmoid sinus opacification on CT images in chronic sinusitis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We investigated the types and numbers of inflammatory cells that infiltrated the ethmoid sinus mucosa in cases of chronic sinusitis in order to identify any associations with nasal polyp size and the grade of ethmoid sinus opacification on computer tomography images. The subjects were patients with chronic sinusitis who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery. Seventeen subjects also had bronchial asthma as a complication (six with aspirin-induced asthma, 11 with another form of asthma) and 24 did not have bronchial asthma as a complication (16 with allergic rhinitis, 8 with chronic sinusitis alone). The nasal polyps in the patients with bronchial asthma were significantly larger than those in the patients without bronchial asthma. Investigation of the numbers of infiltrating inflammatory cells according to polyp size revealed significantly more eosinophils as polyp size increased. In addition, infiltration of significantly more mast cells was observed when the polyps were large. Assessment of the grade of opacification of the ethmoid sinuses on computer tomography images showed a significantly higher grade of opacification in the patients with bronchial asthma than in the patients without bronchial asthma. Comparisons between the grade of opacification of the ethmoid sinuses and the number of infiltrating inflammatory cells revealed significantly more infiltrating eosinophils and mast cells in the patients with intense ethmoid sinus opacification. The above findings suggeus opacification. The above findings suggest that eosinophils and mast cells play a major role in forming the persistent inflammation of the sinus mucosa and nasal polyp tissue of patients with chronic sinusitis complicated by bronchial asthma. (author)

152

Sinusitis (image)  

Science.gov (United States)

... There are four pairs of sinuses: Frontal sinuses Maxillary sinuses Ethmoid sinuses Sphenoid sinuses (not shown in illustration) If the opening from a sinus cavity becomes plugged, the flow of mucus is ...

153

Mucocele del seno maxilar post-traumático Post-traumatic mucocele of the maxillary sinus  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Los mucoceles de los senos paranasales son lesiones benignas pero con un considerable potencial destructivo por la reabsorción ósea que pueden generar. La localización en el seno maxilar es muy poco frecuente así como el origen postraumático. Presentamos el caso de un mucocele de seno maxilar tras 28 años después de un traumatismo facial. Analizamos la etiopatogenia, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de este tipo de lesiones.Mucoceles of the paranasal sinuses are benign lesions but they can be destructive because they cause bone resorption. The location in a maxillary sinus and a traumatic origin are uncommon. We report a case of mucocele of the maxillary sinus 28 years after facial trauma. We analyzed the etiopathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of this type of lesions.

E. Charro-Huerga

2009-02-01

154

Mucocele del seno maxilar post-traumático / Post-traumatic mucocele of the maxillary sinus  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los mucoceles de los senos paranasales son lesiones benignas pero con un considerable potencial destructivo por la reabsorción ósea que pueden generar. La localización en el seno maxilar es muy poco frecuente así como el origen postraumático. Presentamos el caso de un mucocele de seno maxilar tras 2 [...] 8 años después de un traumatismo facial. Analizamos la etiopatogenia, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de este tipo de lesiones. Abstract in english Mucoceles of the paranasal sinuses are benign lesions but they can be destructive because they cause bone resorption. The location in a maxillary sinus and a traumatic origin are uncommon. We report a case of mucocele of the maxillary sinus 28 years after facial trauma. We analyzed the etiopathogene [...] sis, diagnosis, and treatment of this type of lesions.

E., Charro-Huerga; J., Ferreras Granado; I., Vázquez Mahía; J.L., López-Cedrún.

2009-02-01

155

Looking after local nasal and sinus mucosa in health, disease and after surgery  

OpenAIRE

The paper emphasises the need for looking after of nasal and sinus mucosa in health, disease and after nasal surgery. It is a systematic arrangement of steps required to restore nasal mucosa to healthy state. These steps have been arranged to co relate them to diseases and symptoms for symptomatic and curative treatment. It can rationalise the need for surgery in cases non responsive to maximum medical treatment. It can improve postoperative surgical results after functional endoscopic sinus ...

Kacker, S. K.

2010-01-01

156

Osteogenic efficacy of bone marrow concentrate in rabbit maxillary sinus grafting.  

Science.gov (United States)

Maxillary sinus grafting is required to increase bone volume in the atrophic posterior maxilla to facilitate dental implant placement. Grafting with autogenous bone (AB) is ideal, but additional bone harvesting surgery is unpleasant. Alternatively, bone substitutes have been used but they limit new bone formation. The strategy of single-visit clinical stem cell therapy using bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) to facilitate new bone formation has been proposed. This study aimed to assess bone regeneration capacity of autologous BMAC mixed with bovine bone mineral (BBM) in maxillary sinus grafting. Twenty-four white New Zealand rabbits were used and their maxillary sinuses were randomly assigned for grafting with 4 different materials. Rates of new bone apposition in augmented sinuses were measured and bone histomorphometry were examined. Significant increase in the quantity of nucleated cells and colony forming unit-fibroblasts were confirmed in BMAC. Mesenchymal stem cells in BMAC retained their in vitro multi-differentiation capability. Higher rates of mineral appositions in the early period were detected in BBM + BMAC and AB than BBM alone, though they are not significantly different. Graft volume/tissue volumes in BBM and BBM + BMAC were found to be higher than those in AB and sham. PMID:25052732

Sununliganon, L; Peng, L; Singhatanadgit, W; Cheung, L K

2014-12-01

157

Non-intrusive optical study of gas and its exchange in human maxillary sinuses  

Science.gov (United States)

We demonstrate a novel non-intrusive technique based on tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy to investigate human maxillary sinuses in vivo. The technique relies on the fact that free gases have much sharper absorption features (typical a few GHz) than the surrounding tissue. Molecular oxygen was detected at 760 nm. Volunteers have been investigated by injecting near-infrared light fibre-optically in contact with the palate inside the mouth. The multiply scattered light was detected externally by a handheld probe on and around the cheek bone. A significant signal difference in oxygen imprint was observed when comparing volunteers with widely different anamnesis regarding maxillary sinus status. Control measurements through the hand and through the cheek below the cheekbone were also performed to investigate any possible oxygen offset in the setup. These provided a consistently non-detectable signal level. The passages between the nasal cavity and the maxillary sinuses were also non-intrusively optically studied, to the best of our knowledge for the first time. These measurements provide information on the channel conductivity which may prove useful in facial sinus diagnostics. The results suggest that a clinical trial together with an ear-nose-throat (ENT) clinic should be carried out to investigate the clinical use of the new technique.

Persson, L.; Andersson, M.; Svensson, T.; Cassel-Engquist, M.; Svanberg, K.; Svanberg, S.

2007-07-01

158

Measurement of maxillary sinus volume and available alveolar bone height using computed tomography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To aid in determining the volume of graft bone required before a maxillary sinus lift procedure and compare the alveolar bone height measurements taken by panoramic radiographs to those by CT images. Data obtained by both panoramic radiographs and CT examination of 25 patients were used in this study. Maxillary sinus volumes from the antral floor to heights of 5 mm, 10 mm, 15 mm, and 20 mm , were calculated. Alveolar bone height was measured on the panoramic images at each maxillary tooth site and corrected by magnification rate (PBH). Available bone height (ABH) and full bone height (FBH) was measured on reconstructed CT images. PBH was compared with ABH and FBH at the maxillary incisors, canines, premolars, and molars. Volumes of the inferior portion of the sinuses were 0.55 ± 0.41 cm3 for 5 mm lifts, 2.11 ± 0.68 cm3 for 10 mm, 4.26 ± 1.32 cm3 for 15 mm, 6.95 ± 2.01 cm3 for 20 mm. For the alveolar bone measurement, measurements by panoramic images were longer than available bone heights determined by CT images at the incisor and canine areas, and shorter than full bone heights on CT images at incisor, premolar, and molar areas (p3 or more is required for a 5 mm - lift, 2.79 cm3 or more for a 10 mm - lift, 5.58 cm3 or more for a 15 mm - lift, and 8.96 cm3 or more for a 20 mm - lift. Maxillary implant length determilift. Maxillary implant length determined using panoramic radiograph alone could result in underestimation or overestimation, according to the site involved.

159

Paranasal sinuses in children: size evaluation of maxillary, sphenoid, and frontal sinuses by magnetic resonance imaging and proposal of volume index percentile curves.  

Science.gov (United States)

Our objective was to establish the age-related 3D size of maxillary, sphenoid, and frontal sinuses. A total of 179 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of children under 17 years (76 females, 103 males) were included and sinuses were measured in the three axes. Maxillary sinuses measured at birth (mean+/-standard deviation) 7.3+/-2.7 mm length (or antero-posterior)/4.0+/-0.9 mm height (or cranio-caudal)/2.7+/-0.8 mm width (or transverse). At 16 years old, maxillary sinus measured 38.8+/-3.5 mm/36.3+/-6.2 mm/27.5+/-4.2 mm. Sphenoid sinus pneumatization starts in the third year of life after conversion from red to fatty marrow with mean values of 5.8+/-1.4 mm/8.0+/-2.3 mm/5.8+/-1.0 mm. Pneumatization progresses gradually to reach at 16 years 23.0+/-4.5 mm/22.6+/-5.8 mm/12.8+/-3.1 mm. Frontal sinuses present a wide variation in size and most of the time are not valuable with routine head MRI techniques. They are not aerated before the age of 6 years. Frontal sinuses dimensions at 16 years were 12.8+/-5.0 mm/21.9+/-8.4 mm/24.5+/-13.3 mm. A sinus volume index (SVI) of maxillary and sphenoid sinus was computed using a simplified ellipsoid volume formula, and a table with SVI according to age with percentile variations is proposed for easy clinical application. Percentile curves of maxillary and sphenoid sinuses are presented to provide a basis for objective determination of sinus size and volume during development. These data are applicable to other techniques such as conventional X-ray and CT scan. PMID:12042953

Barghouth, G; Prior, J O; Lepori, D; Duvoisin, B; Schnyder, P; Gudinchet, F

2002-06-01

160

Paranasal sinuses in children: size evaluation of maxillary, sphenoid, and frontal sinuses by magnetic resonance imaging and proposal of volume index percentile curves  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Our objective was to establish the age-related 3D size of maxillary, sphenoid, and frontal sinuses. A total of 179 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of children under 17 years (76 females, 103 males) were included and sinuses were measured in the three axes. Maxillary sinuses measured at birth (mean±standard deviation) 7.3±2.7 mm length (or antero-posterior)/4.0±0.9 mm height (or cranio-caudal)/2.7±0.8 mm width (or transverse). At 16 years old, maxillary sinus measured 38.8±3.5 mm/36.3±6.2 mm/27.5±4.2 mm. Sphenoid sinus pneumatization starts in the third year of life after conversion from red to fatty marrow with mean values of 5.8±1.4 mm/8.0±2.3 mm/5.8±1.0 mm. Pneumatization progresses gradually to reach at 16 years 23.0±4.5 mm/22.6±5.8 mm/12.8±3.1 mm. Frontal sinuses present a wide variation in size and most of the time are not valuable with routine head MRI techniques. They are not aerated before the age of 6 years. Frontal sinuses dimensions at 16 years were 12.8±5.0 mm/21.9±8.4 mm/24.5±13.3 mm. A sinus volume index (SVI) of maxillary and sphenoid sinus was computed using a simplified ellipsoid volume formula, and a table with SVI according to age with percentile variations is proposed for easy clinical application. Percentile curves of maxillary and sphenoid sinuses are presented to provide a basis for objective determination of sinus size and volume during development. These data are applicable to other techniques such as conventional X-ray and CT conventional X-ray and CT scan. (orig.)

161

Paranasal sinuses in children: size evaluation of maxillary, sphenoid, and frontal sinuses by magnetic resonance imaging and proposal of volume index percentile curves  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Our objective was to establish the age-related 3D size of maxillary, sphenoid, and frontal sinuses. A total of 179 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of children under 17 years (76 females, 103 males) were included and sinuses were measured in the three axes. Maxillary sinuses measured at birth (mean{+-}standard deviation) 7.3{+-}2.7 mm length (or antero-posterior)/4.0{+-}0.9 mm height (or cranio-caudal)/2.7{+-}0.8 mm width (or transverse). At 16 years old, maxillary sinus measured 38.8{+-}3.5 mm/36.3{+-}6.2 mm/27.5{+-}4.2 mm. Sphenoid sinus pneumatization starts in the third year of life after conversion from red to fatty marrow with mean values of 5.8{+-}1.4 mm/8.0{+-}2.3 mm/5.8{+-}1.0 mm. Pneumatization progresses gradually to reach at 16 years 23.0{+-}4.5 mm/22.6{+-}5.8 mm/12.8{+-}3.1 mm. Frontal sinuses present a wide variation in size and most of the time are not valuable with routine head MRI techniques. They are not aerated before the age of 6 years. Frontal sinuses dimensions at 16 years were 12.8{+-}5.0 mm/21.9{+-}8.4 mm/24.5{+-}13.3 mm. A sinus volume index (SVI) of maxillary and sphenoid sinus was computed using a simplified ellipsoid volume formula, and a table with SVI according to age with percentile variations is proposed for easy clinical application. Percentile curves of maxillary and sphenoid sinuses are presented to provide a basis for objective determination of sinus size and volume during development. These data are applicable to other techniques such as conventional X-ray and CT scan. (orig.)

Barghouth, G.; Prior, J.O.; Lepori, D.; Duvoisin, B.; Schnyder, P.; Gudinchet, F. [Department of Radiology, CHUV University Hospital, Lausanne (Switzerland)

2002-06-01

162

External beam irradiation for squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus  

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Maxillary sinus cancers are usually locally advanced, and involve the structures around sinus, but the regional lymphatic spread is uncommon. Therefore, the local control of these cancers is important for their cure. We reviewed our experience of 55 patients with squamous cell carcinomas of the maxillary sinus, treated with radiation therapy, and looked for the role of radiation therapy in maxillary sinus cancers. Between November 1982 and October 1999, 55 patients with squamous cell carcinomas of the maxillary sinus underwent either radiation therapy only, or combined with surgery or with concurrent chemoradiation therapy. All patients were restaged according to the 1997 AJCC staging systems. The T classifications of the tumors of the parents were as follows: 1.8% (1/55) for T2, 81.8% (45/55) for T3 and 16.4% (9/55) for 14. Thirteen patients were diagnosed with lymph node involvement. With the surgical procedures, 12 patients were managed by biopsy only, 21 were resected by FESS (functional endoscopic sinus surgery) and 22 by partial/medial/total maxillectomies. The details of the treatments were as follows: 8 patients were treated with radiation therapy only, 17 with a combination of FESS and radiation therapy, 22 with a combination of a maxillectomy and radiation therapy, 4 with a combination of preoperative radiation therapy and surgery, and 4 with concurrent chemoradiation therapy. The mean follow-up for all patients was 25 months, ranging from 2.8 to 125 months. The 4-year local control and survival rates for all patients were 45.5 and 33.3%, respectively. The 4-year local control and survival rates, due to the extent of surgery, were as follows: 32.1, and 21.4 % for biopsy; 41.9, and 31.7% for FESS; and 56.8, and 52.7% for maxillectomy, respectively. Twenty-nine (52.7%) patients were not cured, and of these 29 patients, 23 (79.3%) patients had a local recurrence following treatment. This study has shown that the major failure sites following treatment to be the local regions, and that the completeness of surgery was important for improving the local control and survival of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus.

Kim, Tae Hyun; Yoon, Won Sub; Yang, Dae Sik; Kim, Chul Yong; Choi, Myung Sun [College of Medicine, Korea Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2003-03-01

163

Radiographic evaluations of the various lesions of maxillary sinus, inferior wall of sinus and surrounding structures using reformatted computed tomography  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To evaluate the degree of accuracy of DentaScan reformatted images of the maxillary sinus and periapical, periodontal lesions and to clarify the usefulness of the reconstructed 3-dimensional images to the dental clinical aspects. 33 sides of maxillae of the hemi-sectioned Korean heads were used in this study. Periapical radiographs, computed tomography and DentaScan reformatted cross-sectional images were taken for the radiographic evaluation of the peiapical and peiodontal lesions of the maxillary teeth and inferior wall of maxillary sinus. Compared the degree of accuracy and findings of dental and periapical pathoses on the intraoral radiographs and DentaScan reformatted images with the cross-sectioned specimens, the DentaScan reformatted cross-sectional images were more accurate and more effective than the intraoral radiography with a viewpoint of the detection of dental and periapical pathoses. Comparing the lesions of specimens with intraoral radiographies and DentaScan reformatted images, the dental and periodontal pathoses and topographical structures were more clearly observed in the DentaScan reformatted images, providing the possibility of more applications of reformatted images to clinical dentistry.

Yoon, Hae Rym; Kim Hee Jin; Kim, Kee Deog; Park, Chang Seo [Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2002-03-15

164

A comparison of Scanora radiography with Waters' and panoramic views for the detection of mucosal thickening of maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance of Waters' and panoramic view; maxillary sinus posteroanterior and lateral scanography of Scanora for mucosal thickening of maxillary sinus as well as to identify the utility of Scanora for the detection of maxillary sinus disease. The assessment was done at 66 maxillary sinuses in 45 patients and the results were as follows: 1. Estimation of presence or absence of mucosal thickening. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive value of maxillary sinus posteroanterior and lateral scanography were 0.865, 0.860, 0.921, and 0.805 respectively and slightly higher than those of Waters' and panoramic views, which were 0.832, 0.835, 0.903, and 0.728 respectively. However, paired t-test showed no significant differences in the diagnostic performance of the two pairs of imaging modalities. 2. Estimation of the types of mucosal thickening. The diagnostic accuracy for type I, II, III was 75.3% on Waters' and panoramic view; 77.9% on maxillary sinus posteroanterior and lateral scanography. It was higher on the latter, but showed no significant differences from that on the former. 3. Reliability of interpretation. In intraobserver and interobserver agreement, both overall rates of agreement and kappa-value were slightly higher on maxillary sinus posteroanterior and lateral scanography than on Waters' and panoramic views. There was no significant differences between the two pairs of imaging merences between the two pairs of imaging modalities. These results suggested that scanogram is a useful diagnostic radiography as well as Waters' and panoramic view for detection of maxillary sinusitis.

165

Immediate reconstruction of the maxillary sinus after resection of preoperatively misdiagnosed unicystic ameloblastoma with an ectopic third molar.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a case of unicystic ameloblastoma associated with an ectopic third molar in the right maxillary sinus, which was misdiagnosed as a dentigerous cyst on preoperative small incisional biopsy. Surgical enucleation of the cystic lesion was performed under general anesthesia with immediate reconstruction of the maxillary sinus using titanium mesh plate. The patient's postoperative recovery was uneventful, and there was no evidence of tumor recurrence during the 7-month follow-up period. PMID:25569416

Kang, Shin Hyuk; Bae, Tae Hui; Kim, Han Koo; Kim, Woo Seob; Kim, Mi Kyung

2015-01-01

166

[The Caldwell-Luc procedure in the management of maxillary sinusitis. Long-term results  

OpenAIRE

BACKGROUND: The surgical technique proposed by Caldwell and Luc more than a century ago has been applied in over a million cases to treat maxillary sinusitis. A critical re-evaluation of the method has been in progress for several years, in the light of the results that can be achieved with endoscopic functional surgery. METHODS: In a retrospective study, operations performed according to the Caldwell-Luc technique on 40 patients, mean age 45 years, between 1992 and 1996, were evaluated criti...

Aimetti, Mario

1998-01-01

167

RAEDER PARATRIGEMINAL SYNDROME IN A PATIENT WITH A MASS LESION IN THE MAXILLARY SINUS  

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Full Text Available Raeder paratrigeminal syndrome is a rare syndrome, characterized by severe unilateral facial pain and headache in the distribution of the ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve in combination with ipsilateral oculosympathetic palsy or Horner syndrome. We describe a case of a 65-year-old male patient with a large tumor in the right maxillary sinus who presented with the rare Raeder syndrome.

Vyara Kirkova

2010-12-01

168

Intravitreal bevacizumab for delayed radiation maculopathy and papillopathy after irradiation for maxillary sinus cancer  

OpenAIRE

Miki Gondo1, Tsutomu Sakai1, Hiroshi Tsuneoka1, Chihiro Kanehira21Department of Ophthalmology, Jikei University School of Medicine, 2Division of Radiology, Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, JapanBackground: The evaluation of intravitreal bevacizumab treatment for delayed radiation maculopathy and papillopathy after irradiation for maxillary sinus cancer.Case report: A patient with radiation maculopathy and papillopathy was treated with intravitreal bevacizumab (1.25 mg). Main outcom...

Gondo M; Sakai T; Tsuneoka H; Kanehira C

2011-01-01

169

A case in optimization of intracavitary irradiation of maxillary sinus cancer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In our hospital, intracavitary irradiation with the high dose-rate remotely controlled afterloading system is utilized to treat the local recurrence of maxillary sinus cancer after external irradiation. Now, we employ CT views and a unit of personal computer to reproduce applicators set up to the same point in patient at each time and to decide source positions and irradiation time and the results was improved. (author)

170

A case of radiation retinopathy following radiation for maxillary sinus carcinoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A 69-year-old male was treated by Linac irradiation totalling 50 Gy for carcinoma of the right maxillary sinus. After 27 months, his right eye developed severe radiation retinopathy with papilledema, retinal hemorrhages and soft exudates. Fluorescein angiography showed occlusion of inferior nasal retinal artery. He was treated by panretinal photocoagulation and systemic corticosteroid. Vitreous hemorrhage developed followed by neovascular glaucoma 6 months later. (author)

171

Management of the Schneiderian membrane perforation during the maxillary sinus elevation procedure: a case report  

OpenAIRE

The maxillary sinus elevation is a standard and predictable procedure allowing the realization of dental implant rehabilitation in patients with severe bone atrophy in the lateral-posterior areas of the maxilla. Despite the presence of validated surgical methods and the broad availability of biomaterials, the procedures aimed at increasing the bone volume by lateral antrostomy still entail complications with different degrees of relevance. The prosthetic and surgical outcome is based on a suc...

Meleo, Deborah; Mangione, Francesca; Corbi, Sergio; Pacifici, Luciano

2012-01-01

172

Maxillary sinus floor elevation via crestal approach: the evolution of the hydraulic pressure technique.  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study describes an innovative protocol for the surgical maxillary sinus augmentation via a crestal approach that uses hydraulic pressure to lift the Schneiderian membrane and simultaneously fill the subantral space with a biomaterial for bone regeneration (nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite in aqueous solution). The technique in question combines the advantages of large amounts of grafted biomaterial with reduced trauma, high precision, and predictability. PMID:24448532

Lopez, Michele Antonio; Bassi, Mirko Andreasi; Confalone, Luca; Carinci, Francesco

2014-01-01

173

Insulin promotes bone formation in augmented maxillary sinus in diabetic rabbits.  

Science.gov (United States)

The role of insulin during the formation of bone in the augmented space of the maxillary sinus in patients with diabetes is unclear. The authors compared the differences in bone formation after maxillary sinus floor elevation in diabetic and healthy animals and evaluated the effects of insulin on osteogenesis and the differentiation and activities of the osteoblasts. 10 male Japanese white rabbits were divided into two groups after diabetic induction by a single injection of monohydrated alloxan and having maintained steady blood glucose levels. The groups included the diabetes mellitus group (DM; n=5) and the DM+insulin group (n=5); another five healthy rabbits comprised the control group. Maxillary sinus floor elevation was performed by grafting hydroxyapatite particles. Compared with the control group, the newly formed bone area, number of blood vessels and osteoblasts, collagen I content and serum osteocalcin levels were significantly decreased in DM rabbits (Pdiabetic rabbits, which might have resulted from promotion of osteoblast differentiation and upregulation of neovascularization. PMID:22099315

Hou, C-J; Liu, J-L; Li, X; Bi, L-J

2012-03-01

174

Research on a method of embedding implants into crista and apophysis of sinus maxillaris  

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Full Text Available Objective To study and evaluate the method of embedding implants into crista and apophysis of sinus maxillaris precisely and safely.Methods Eight patients with insufficient alveolar bone height in the posterior maxillary region,including 5 males and 3 females with mean age of 46.4±12.8 years,received dental implant surgery.By using CT scan based on 3D reconstruction analysis,each patient was chosen in accordance with the following criteria: sinus septa and apophysis located over the lost teeth,the width at the base of the septum and apophysis was over 5mm and the included angle between sinus floor and mesial or distal slope of the septum and apophysis was less than 70°.A simulation operation was done on each patient’s rapid prototyping model and apical part of implants was set into sinus septum and apophysis.After surgical guide was fabricated,osteotomy preparation and implant placement were performed aided by the surgical guide,and then followed by immediate CT scan to thoroughly examine the relative position of implants to septum and apophysis and the integrity of the sinus membrane.Results The position of all the 8 implants was in consistent with that in the rapid prototyped model.Sinus floor was lifted to the mesial or distal surface of the septum or apophysis.One side of the implants’ apical parts,with the length ranged from 2 to 5mm,was tightly embedded to sinus septum or apophysis,and the other side of the implants was well covered by mucous membrane.The implants were found with good stability after the surgery.No damage or laceration of the sinus mucous membrane was observed.Conclusions Sinus septa and apophysis can provide the necessary height to maintain implant stability when the alveolar bone height is insufficient for the insertion of a dental implant in the posterior region.In order to precisely embed implants into sinus septum and apophysis,the following procedures are required and must strictly coordinate with one another: accurate positioning and measurement of septa and apophysis by using CT 3-dimensional reconstruction analysis and model surgery,guide aided implant placement surgery,and the use of Sinustech reamer to lift sinus floor.

Zhen-yu SUN

2011-09-01

175

Mucosal Cysts of the Maxillary Sinus in Solid Organ Transplant Population: Computerised Tomography Follow-Up Results  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: The clinical significance of maxillary sinus mucosal cysts in liver and kidney transplant recipients remains unclear. Aim: To investigate the course of maxillary mucosal cysts in liver and kidney transplantation patients. Study Design: Retrospective clinical study Methods: Paranasal sinus computed tomography scans of 169 renal and 43 hepatic transplant recipients were reviewed. The incidence, size and growth characteristics of maxillary mucosal cysts in the renal and hepatic transplant population were noted. Results: Overall incidence of maxillary sinus mucosal cyst in transplantation patients was found to be 24.5%, with a male to female ratio of 2:1 (p<0.05). Follow-up views of 26 patients showed that the size of the cysts increased in 19, decreased in 4, and remained the same in 3 patients. Mean growth rate of the cysts was calculated to be 6.30 ± 7.02 mm2 per month. Most of the cysts were located on the inferior wall of the maxillary sinus. Conclusion: Incidence of the maxillary mucosal cysts in renal and hepatic transplant recipients does not differ from general population, but these cysts have a greater tendency to grow. Specific measures are not needed for isolated, asymptomatic maxillary mucosal cysts in transplant populations. PMID:25207125

Ayd?n, Erdinç; Yerli, Hasan; Tanr?kulu, Suna; Hizal, Evren

2013-01-01

176

The Study of the Malignant Tumors of the Maxillary Sinus by Computed Tomography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

CT findings of proven 25 malignant tumors of the maxillary sinus were retrospectively analyzed to be of help in the diagnosis and treatment. The results were as follow: 1. Average age was 54 years old, and eighteen were males and seven were females with a ratio of 2.6:1. 2. The most common histopathologic feature was squamous cell carcinoma (19 cases) and others were two cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma, one case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma, mucoepidermoid tumor, histiocytic lymphoma, unidentified malignant tumor. 3. CT findings were sinus opacification (4%), soft tissue mass (92%), low densities within soft tissue mass (44%), air densities within soft tissue mass (24%), osteosclerosis (4%), bone destruction (92%), bone displacement (32%), fat plane obliteration(76%). 4. CT in the malignant maxillary sinus tumors approved the value in evaluation of tumor extension to nasal cavity, ethmoid sinus, orbit, infratemporal fossa, pterygopalatine fossa, pterygoid fossa, pterygoid muscle, cheek skin and intracranial cavity. 5. Twenty four cases (96%) were stage III, stage IV according to AJCC TNM classification. 6. Bone findings were destruction, displacement, sclerosis and most frequent site of bone destruction was the medial wall of the antrum (92%). 7. Tumor growth pattern showed destructive pattern in 18 cases (72%), and squamous cell carcinoma showed destructive pattern. (p<0.05).

177

Features of morphological variants of squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus: immunohistochemical characteristic  

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Full Text Available Background. The feature of malignant tumours in maxillary sinus is a late appeal of patients (T3-T4, as a result of the absence of pain and minor clinical manifestations, it requires large amounts of surgical interventions and leads to disability. Objective. The article analyzes the morphological variants of maxillary sinus squamous cell carcinoma (SCC with their immunohistochemical characteristic. Methods. In the study we analyzed the original biopsy material from 37 patients with maxillary sinus cancer T3-4N0-1M0 (31 men and 6 women aged from 37 to 71 years with histologically confirmed diagnosis of SCC for 2010-2014. The primary monoclonal antibodies CK HMW (clone AE3, p63 (clone 4A4, ?16INK4 (clone DCS 240 were used. Results. Analyzing the distribution of various forms of maxillary sinus SCC, it was found that the typical forms of SCC are found in most of cases, 29 of 37 (78.4%, compared with specific morphological forms that accounted for just 21.6%. Conclusions. Due to the expression of the marker CK HMW it was found that in typical forms of SCC and in some special morphological forms (spindle cell carcinoma and verrucous carcinoma with decreasing degree of squamous cell differentiation, the level of the expression of CK HMW also decreases (p<0,001, r = 0.861; p <0,001, r = 0,638. It is an indicator of poor prognosis, but aggressive behavior of basaloid SCC and adenosquamous carcinoma do not depend on the presence or absence of CK HMW. High expression of marker p63 (average level 92,5±3,67% is a key-point of verification of basaloid SCC. Lack of positive reaction with the marker of viral lesions p16INK4 in forms with keratinization confirms the idea of different etiologic factors and ways of carcinogenesis of typical forms of SCC. Citation: Kovtunenko AV, Bakaev AA, Shpon’ka IS, Poslavskaya AV. [Features of morphological variants of squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus: immunohistochemical characteristic]. Morphologia. 2014;8(3:27-34. Ukrainian.

Kovtunenko A.V.

2014-09-01

178

Expresión de óxido nítrico sintetasa en mucosa sinusal de pacientes portadores de sinusitis crónica versus controles / Expression of nitric oxide synthase in sinus mucosa of chronic sinusitis patients vs controls  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: El óxido nítrico producido en las cavidades paranasales juega un importante rol en la fisiología nasal ya que aumenta la frecuencia del batido ciliar, optimiza el barrido mucociliary tiene un efecto bacteriostático y virustático. Diversos estudios muestran que el óxido nítrico nasal ex [...] halado en pacientes con rinosinusitis crónica es significativamente más bajo que en sujetos sanos. Esto podría estar determinado por una alteración en la difusión del óxido nítrico a través de los ostia de drenaje obstruidos o por una menor producción de óxido nítrico por parte de los portadores de rinosinusitis crónica. En este último caso, esto podría corresponder al evento primario en la etiopatogenia de la rinosinusitis crónica. Objetivos: Estudiar y comparar cualitativamente con técnica de inmunohisto-química la expresión de las isoformas e-NOS e I-NOS de la óxido nítrico sintetasa en mucosa sinusal de pacientes con rinosinusitis crónica y pacientes controles, sin patología rinosinusal infecciosa o alérgica. Material y método: Para responder a esta interrogante se realizó un estudio comparativo de casos y controles, con el objetivo de cuantificar con técnica de inmunohistoquímica la expresión de las isoformas endotelial e inducible de la óxido nítrico sintetasa en mucosa sinusal de pacientes con rinosinusitis crónica y pacientes controles sin patología rinosinusal infecciosa o alérgica. Resultados: Ingresan al estudio un total de 11 pacientes. Seis de ellos son el grupo control y 5 con sinusitis crónica. Ambos grupos presentan resultados similares. Conclusión: Los resultados no muestran ninguna diferencia en la expresión de óxido nítrico sintetasa, tanto en su isoforma endotelial como inducible, en la mucosa sinusal de pacientes portadores de rinosinusitis crónica comparado con sujetos sanos Abstract in english Introduction. Nitric oxide produced in the paranasal sinuses plays an important role in nasal physiology because it increases ciliary beat frequency, improves mucociliary clearance and has a bacteriostatic and virustatic effect. Several studies have shown that exhaled nasal nitric oxide was substant [...] ially lower in chronic sinusitis patients, compared to healthy subjects. This could be determined by altered nitric oxide diffusion through obstructed drainage ostia, or by chronic sinusitis patients having lower nitric oxide production. Aims. To qualitatively compare by immunocytochemistry the expression of the iNOS and eNOS isoforms of nitric oxide synthase in the sinus mucosa of chronic sinusitis patients and control subjects. Materials and methods. A case-control comparative study was carried out in order to compare by immunocytochemistry the expression of inducible and epithelial isoforms of nitric oxide synthase in nasal mucosa of chronic sinusitis patients and control subjects, with no infectious or allergic rhinosinusal pathology. Results. The results show no difference in the expression of the inducible or epithelial isoform of nitric oxide synthase in the nasal mucosa of chronic sinusitis patients as compared to healthy subjects

Carla, Napolitano V; Claudia, González G; Carlos, Céspedes F; Ximena, Fonseca A; Carlos, Vio L.

2007-08-01

179

Near-infrared transillumination of the maxillary sinuses: overview of methods and preliminary clinical results  

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Though sinusitis is a significant health problem, it remains a challenging diagnosis for many physicians mainly because of its vague, non-specific symptomology. As such, physicians must often rely on x-rays and CT, which are not only costly but also expose the patient to ionizing radiation. As an alternative to these methods of diagnosis, our laboratory constructed a near infrared (NIR) transillumination system to image the paranasal maxillary sinuses. In contrast to the more conventional form of transillumination, which uses visible light, NIR transillumination uses light with a longer wavelength which is less attenuated by soft tissues, allowing increased signal intensity and tissue penetration. Our NIR transillumination system is low-cost, consisting of a light source containing two series of light emitting diodes, which give off light at wavelengths of 810 nm and 850 nm, and a charge coupled device (CCD) camera sensitive to NIR light. The light source is simply placed in the patient"s mouth and the resultant image created by the transmittance of NIR light is captured with the CCD camera via notebook PC. Using this NIR transillumination system, we imaged the paranasal maxillary sinuses of both healthy patients (n=5) and patients with sinus disease (n=12) and compared the resultant findings with conventional CT scans. We found that air and fluid/tissue-filled spaces can be reasonably distinguished by their differing NIR opacities. Based on these findings, we believe NIR transillumination of the paranasal sinuses may provide a simple, safe, and cost effective modality in the diagnosis and management of sinus disease.

Mahmood, Usama; Dehdari, Reza; Cerussi, Albert; Nguyen, Quoc; Kelley, Timothy; Tromberg, Bruce J.; Wong, Brian J.

2005-04-01

180

A radiographic study on the mucosal cyst of the maxillary sinus  

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This study was performed to evaluate the role Waters' view and panoramic view for the interpretation of mucosal cyst of the maxillary sinus and to determine the radiographic features of that according to the sites and sizes. For this study, clinically 25 cases of mucosal cyst of the maxillary sinus were used, and experimentally with who dry skulls, rubber ball of 15 mm in diameter for marked radiopacity, and two jelly balls of 8 and 20 mm in diameter for the similar radiopacity to cyst were used. The 25 cases with 25 panoramic views and 15 Waters' views were first analyzed, and secondly, the radiographic features of artificial lesions attached to the each wall of the antrum on Waters' view and panoramic view were analyzed. The obtained results were as follows: At clinical analysis, 1. 4 cases of 13-14 mm, 4 cases of 15-19 mm, 14 cases of 20-25 mm, 3 cases of over 30 mm in diameter were found on panoramic views. And 24 cases of 25 cases showed no relationship with teeth, and only 1 case was associated with advanced periodontal disease. 2. The majority of mucosal cysts appeared to arise the posterior portion of the floor of the sinus and were superimposed with the inominate line of zygoma and the horizontally linear image of hard palate on panoramic view. 3. Only 2 cases of 15 cases were identified on both films.At experimental analysis, 4. On Waters' view, the images of the artificial lesion of the anterior portion and midportion of the floor of the sinus were lessened in diameter compared with the real size. On panoramic views, the images of the lesion were more radiolucent with lessened diameter than images on Waters' view. 5. The images of the lesion of the posterior wall and the posterior portion of the floor of sinus on panoramic view were well detected by the preedjucated group but not or poorly detected by the non-preeducated observer group. 6. On Waters' view, both observer groups recognized that the cystic images of the posterior portion of the floor of the maxillary sinus were superimposed with the petrous portion of the skull.

Park, Eun Chun; Kim, Jae Duck [Dept. of Oral Radiology, College of Dentistry, Chosun University, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of)

1993-08-15

181

Osteoradionecrosis of sphenoid and temporal bones in a patient with maxillary sinus carcinoma: A case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A case of radionecrosis of sphenoid and temporal bones is reported. The patient received a combination of surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy for his left maxillary sinus carcinoma. After the combined therapy, necrosis accompanying inflammation developed in the maxillary and temporal regions. Excision of the necrotic tissues was done, and the left ascending ramus of the mandible was resected because of persistent tumor mass at the left infratemporal fossa. Although the excision wound of the maxilla healed by epithelialization, an area of nonvital bone remained exposed in the temporal region, where progressive osteonecrosis with infection led to breakdown of the skin. The necrotic bones of the zygomatic arch and the sphenotemporal sutural region became visible through the skin defect, and computerized tomography scan revealed bone necrosis involving the inferolateral area and the base of the skull. Excision of the necrotic bone and reconstruction with sternocleidomastoid myocutaneous flap were performed

182

Metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma presented as a tumor of the maxillary sinus and retrobulbar tumor  

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Full Text Available Introduction. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC is the most frequent primary malignant tumor of the liver. It is usually seen in the 6th and 7th decades of life and chronic hepatitis B is the most frequent cause. Extrahepatic metastasis of HCC is an indicator of a poor prognosis and the most common sites are lungs, bones, lymph nodes, kidneys and adrenal glands. We reported a case of isolated metastasis in the right maxilla, which had been found initially, before the tumor in the liver was diagnosed. Case report. A 70-year-old man underwent dental surgery of the upper right molar. Prolonged bleeding control was difficult for up to two weeks, so the biopsy was performed. Histopathological analysis revealed a metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma. Computerized tomography (CT of the abdomen revealed a diffusely heterogeneous liver parenchyma with irregular borders and two foci of mass lesions. There were metastasis in the spleen and also two pathological retroperitoneal lymph nodes were detected, but no ascit, liver cirrhosis, cholestasis or portal vein thrombosis were seen. CT of the orbital and maxillary regions revealed a tumor mass in the right maxillary sinus, spreading to the alveolar sinus, nasal cavity and partially infratemporal space. A tumor mass was in the right orbit as well, infiltrating the surrounding bones and muscles. Clinically, there was proptosis of the right eye accompanied by amaurosis. The treatment started with chemotherapy based on 5-fluorouracil (sorafenib was not available. After three cycles, control CTs showed a stable disease in the liver, but progression in the right maxillary sinus and orbit. Enucleation of the right eye was performed and postoperative radiotherapy was planed. The patient deteriorated rapidly and died, about 6 months after the disease had been diagnosed. Conclusion. Extrahepatic metastasis of HCC represents a progressive phase of the disease with poor prognosis, so the main aim of the treatment should be palliation and care of symptoms.

Kolarevi? Daniela

2011-01-01

183

Influence of postsurgical residual tumor volume on local control in radiotherapy for maxillary sinus cancer  

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The aim was to study the influence of postsurgical gross residual tumor volume on local control of maxillary sinus cancer treated with radiotherapy combined with debulking surgery. Forty-three patients who underwent combined surgery and radiotherapy (50-72 Gy, median 60 Gy) for squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus were reviewed. Gross residual tumor volume (GRTV) after surgery was measured on computed tomograms obtained during the radiotherapy planning. Patients were classified according to GRTV as follows: group AA, GRTV=0 (microscopic residual, n=2); group A, GRTV <10 cm{sup 3} (n=24); group B, 10-40 cm{sup 3} (n=9); and group C, {>=}40 cm{sup 3} (n=8). The relationship between local control and GRTV was analyzed using univariate and multivariate analysis. The 2-year local control rate for all patients was 62%. The differences in local control rates between groups AA, A and B were not significant (P<0.05), but the rate was significantly lower in group C than in the other groups (69% at 2 years vs 31% at 1 year, P<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that GRTV (P=0.002) and histological differentiation (poorly differentiated histology was favorable, P=0.035) were independent prognostic factors and that intraarterial chemotherapy and administered total dose were not. Local control in groups A and B significantly depended on the total dose of radiotherapy, with 2-year control rates of patients receiving 50 Gy (n=6) and {>=}60 Gy (n=27) of 17% vs 79%, respectively (P<0.001). Our data suggest that adequate, not complete, debulking associated with a total radiotherapy dose of {>=}60 Gy can provide satisfactory local control for patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus. (author)

Kawashima, Mitsuhiko; Ogino, Takashi; Hayashi, Ryuichi; Ishikura, Satoshi; Nihei, Keiji; Ito, Yoshinori; Ikeda, Hiroshi; Ebihara, Satoshi [National Cancer Center, Kashiwa, Chiba (Japan). Hospital East; Itai, Yuji

2001-05-01

184

Reconstruction of defects of maxillary sinus wall after removal of a huge odontogenic lesion using prebended 3D titanium-mesh and CAD/CAM technique  

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Abstract A 63 year-old male with a huge odontogenic lesion of sinus maxillaris was treated with computer-assisted surgery. After resection of the odontogenic lesion, the sinus wall was reconstructed with a prebended 3D titanium-mesh using CAD/CAM technique. This work provides a new treatment device for maxillary reconstruction via rapid prototyping procedures.

Stoetzer Marcus; Rana Majeed; von See Constantin; Eckardt André M; Gellrich Nils-Claudius

2011-01-01

185

Unusual Synchronous Presentation of Maxillary Sinus Fibrosarcoma and Gemistocytic Astrocytoma with a Complication Called Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis: A Case Report  

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Fibrosarcoma of the paranasal sinuses is extremely rare pathology and there is limited report in the literature. We report synchronous presentation of maxillary sinus fibrosarcoma and gemistocytic astrocytoma which is, to our knowledge, unique in the literature. Both tumors metastases to other organ rarely and the metastatic spread of gemistocytic astrocytoma to fibrosarcoma or vice versa have also not been reported in the literature yet. This report discusses the clinical course of the disea...

Cadir, Bilge; Karahan, Nermin; Nasir, Serdar; Aydin, M. Asim; Turkaslan, S. Suha

2009-01-01

186

How far can we exert organ preservation in cancer of the maxillary sinus?  

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A combination of radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and surgery improved the 5-year survival rate of patients with cancer of the maxillary sinus by more than 60%. In recent years, considering the QOL of patients when they return to their former social environments, treatment methods exerting organ preservation are expected. The present study evaluated whether the combination of massive intraarterial infusion of CDDP and radiotherapy can reduce the frequency of surgical treatment for cancer of the maxillary sinus. Satisfactory results were obtained after the completion of radiotherapy (regional CR rate: 66.7%, response rate: 91.7%). Moreover, the pathohistological CR rate was 75%, and local control of the cancer was achieved by this combination therapy in 6 of 12 patients (50%) without surgical treatment. Furthermore, the 2-year cumulative survival rate was 75% when evaluated in all patients, using the Kaplan-Meier method. Although the period of investigation was short, the results of the present study suggested that the combination of massive intraarterial infusion of CDDP and radiotherapy could reduce the frequency of surgical treatment and could contribute to organ preservation in cancer therapy. (author)

Kametani, Ryuichi; Kida, Akinori; Himi, Kazuhisa [Nihon Univ., Tokyo (Japan). School of Medicine

2000-09-01

187

Efficacy and safety of cefdinir in the treatment of maxillary sinusitis.  

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Cefdinir is a new, extended-spectrum, orally active, third-generation cephalosporin that is resistant to bacterial beta-lactamase production. To evaluate efficacy and safety of the antibiotic in maxillary sinusitis, its use was compared with amoxicillin/clavulanate (amox/clav), which is a well-accepted beta-lactamase-resistant antibiotic. In this investigator-blinded multicenter phase III clinical study, 569 patients were randomly assigned to one of three treatment regimens: one daily dose of cefdinir 600 mg (OD), cefdinir 300 mg every 12 h (BD), and amox/clav 500/125 mg every 8 h. All antibiotics were administered orally for 10 days. Maxillary sinusitis was documented by typical clinical signs and symptoms and was confirmed by X-ray imaging. Before treatment, the genus and species of any pathogens were determined from sinus aspirates. Cultures were tested for beta-lactmase production and in vitro resistance to cefdinir and amox/clav. The effectiveness of antibiotic treatment was evaluated 7-14 days after therapy and whether or not recurrent clinical symptoms or persistent infection was determined 21-35 days post-therapy. The appearance of any adverse events was classified as associated or not associated with the medication of the study. Present findings showed that the in vitro susceptibility of pathogens to cefdinir and amox/clav was similar. Cefdinir OD or BD was therapeutically as effective as or better than amox/clav, although cefdinir BD was not as useful as amox/clav clinically. Cefdinir OD and BD and amox/clav were well tolerated. The statistical incidence of adverse events was the same among the three treatment groups, although cefdinir OD treatment had significantly fewer treatment discontinuations due to adverse events than BD and amox/clav. PMID:10839487

Steurer, M; Schenk, P

2000-01-01

188

Mixoma odontogênico maxilar: relato de caso clínico comprometendo seio maxilar Maxillary odontogenic myxoma involving the maxillary sinus: case report  

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Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é relatar um caso de mixoma odontogênico no lado direito da maxila com envolvimento do seio maxilar e fazer uma revisão de literatura envolvendo aspectos clínicos, radiográficos, histológicos e de tratamento desta patologia. O mixoma odontogênico dos maxilares é uma lesão benigna, sem preferência por sexo, raça ou localização, com características clínicas e radiográficas extremamente variadas, o que amplia demasiadamente o número de patologias tumorais do sistema estomatognático com as quais pode ser feito o diagnóstico diferencial.The aim of this paper is to report a case of odontogenic myxoma that affected the right maxilla and maxillary sinus. We have also reviewed the literature in regards of the clinical, radiographic, histological and treatment aspects of this pathology. Odontogenic myxomas of the maxillofacial region are benign lesions, without preference for gender, race or location, with extremely varied clinical and radiographic characteristics, thus increasing the number oral and maxillofacial region tumors with which we can make the differential diagnosis.

Allan Ulisses Carvalho de Melo

2008-06-01

189

Comparative Study of Algipore and Decalcified Freeze - Dried Bone Allograft In Open Maxillary Sinus Elevation Using Piezo e lectric Surgery  

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Full Text Available Background and aim. Vertical and horizontal bone resorption of the alveolar ridge are common in edentul ous jaws. In the distal area of the maxilla, an adequate bone volume is often lacking because of the proximity of the sinus cavities to crestal bone. Sinus floor augmentation is an established way of increasing the height and volume of bone in the p osterior region of the maxilla, which increase the stability of dental implants. For this purpose various materials, including auto grafts, allograf ts,alloplasts, and xenografts have been used. The aim of this study was the radiographic and clinical comparison of Algipore with decalcified freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA inthe open maxillary sinus lift technique using piezoelectric instruments. Materials and methods. A total of 20 sinus grafts were performed in 10 patients who had a severely resorbed bilateral maxillary alveolar process with a residual bone thickness of between 1 and 5 mm (mean, 3.6 mm. The operation involved anosteotomy performed on the lateral maxillary wall using piezoelectric instruments, elevation of the sinus membrane, and placement of either of the two bone graft materials in each randomly-selected side. Preoperative and postoperative standard radiographs taken at nine months of follow- up were used to compare the outcome of bone height after the maxillary sinuslifting procedure. Changes in radiographic density after sinus grafting were evaluated using densitometry. Results. The radiographic density was 76.3% on the Algipore side and 72.4% on the DFDBA side (P >0.05. The mean height of newly formed bone in the augmented area was 12.3 mm on the Algipore side and 10.7 mm on the DFDBA side (P >0.05. Conclusion. After nine months there were no considerable clinical or radiological differences in outcome between Algipore and DFDBA and both of them were recognized as acceptable materials for sinus lift procedures

Habibollah Ghanba

2013-05-01

190

Nosocomial maxillary sinusitis during mechanical ventilation: a prospective comparison of orotracheal versus the nasotracheal route for intubation.  

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Nosocomial maxillary sinusitis during mechanical ventilation may cause life-threatening complications in ICU patients. The aim of this prospective study was to compare the incidence of maxillary sinusitis according to the route of intubation. 111 consecutive adult patients (mean age: 53, mean SAPS: 12) were randomly assigned to receive either orotracheal (n = 53) or nasotracheal (n = 58) intubation. All had a nasogastric feeding tube. Patients with head trauma or mechanical ventilation for less than 48 h were excluded. Sinusitis diagnosis was made by radiography (waters' view) at the bedside. The two groups were similar in age, SAPS, duration of ventilation. Maxillary sinusitis occurred in 1/53 (1.8%) of the orotracheal group (on the nasogastric tube side), and in 25/58 (43.1%) of the nasotracheal group (7 on the nasogastric tube side, 11 on the endotracheal tube side, 7 bilateral; p less than 0.001). Nine of the 26 cases of sinusitis were initially treated by sinus drainage because of signs of infection (3 failures) and the 17 others were treated by tube removal. This procedure proved successful in 12 out of 17 cases but secondary drainage was performed in 5 cases (1 failure). Incidents related to the route for long-term intubation were significantly (p less than 0.001) more frequent in the orotracheal group (8/53 vs 2/58), however no patient died because of them. In this study, long-term orotracheal intubation reduced significantly the incidence of maxillary sinusitis in comparison with nasotracheal intubation. PMID:2246421

Salord, F; Gaussorgues, P; Marti-Flich, J; Sirodot, M; Allimant, C; Lyonnet, D; Robert, D

1990-01-01

191

Retrospective analysis of multidisciplinary therapy for locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus  

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The purpose of this study was to retrospectively investigate the efficacy of multidisciplinary therapy (concomitant radiotherapy and intra-arterial infusion of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) followed by maxillectomy) in the treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus. We reviewed 71 patient records with locally advanced but respectable carcinoma of the maxillary sinus treated by means of multidisciplinary therapy between 1978 through 1997. The clinical T factor for these patients, according to the UICC definitions (1997), was 12 for T2, 46 for T3, and 13 for T4. Twelve patients were diagnosed as node-positive at initial presentation. Intra-arterial 5-FU was delivered via a superficial temporal artery in accordance with radiotherapy, and the cumulative 5-FU dose ranged from 2,900 mg to 5,250 mg (median 5,000 mg). The total radiotherapy dose ranged from 29 Gy to 48 Gy (median 48 Gy) with conventional fractionation. Patients underwent radical maxillectomy thereafter. The 5-year overall survival rate and disease-specific survival rate of all the patients were 58% and 68%, respectively. There was no significant correlation of clinical T factor or N factor with disease-specific survival on univariate and multivariate analysis. The overall treatment-related mortality rate was 3.7%. Radiation cataract later developed in all evaluable patients whose lenses were within the treatment volume. About a half of the operable T4 patients survived over 5 years by means of the abs survived over 5 years by means of the above-mentioned multidisciplinary therapy. This multidisciplinary therapy should be compared to treatment with a combination of surgery and postoperative chemoradiotherapy. (author)

192

Retrospective analysis of multidisciplinary therapy for locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus  

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The purpose of this study was to retrospectively investigate the efficacy of multidisciplinary therapy (concomitant radiotherapy and intra-arterial infusion of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) followed by maxillectomy) in the treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus. We reviewed 71 patient records with locally advanced but respectable carcinoma of the maxillary sinus treated by means of multidisciplinary therapy between 1978 through 1997. The clinical T factor for these patients, according to the UICC definitions (1997), was 12 for T2, 46 for T3, and 13 for T4. Twelve patients were diagnosed as node-positive at initial presentation. Intra-arterial 5-FU was delivered via a superficial temporal artery in accordance with radiotherapy, and the cumulative 5-FU dose ranged from 2,900 mg to 5,250 mg (median 5,000 mg). The total radiotherapy dose ranged from 29 Gy to 48 Gy (median 48 Gy) with conventional fractionation. Patients underwent radical maxillectomy thereafter. The 5-year overall survival rate and disease-specific survival rate of all the patients were 58% and 68%, respectively. There was no significant correlation of clinical T factor or N factor with disease-specific survival on univariate and multivariate analysis. The overall treatment-related mortality rate was 3.7%. Radiation cataract later developed in all evaluable patients whose lenses were within the treatment volume. About a half of the operable T4 patients survived over 5 years by means of the above-mentioned multidisciplinary therapy. This multidisciplinary therapy should be compared to treatment with a combination of surgery and postoperative chemoradiotherapy. (author)

Yoshida, Hiroshi; Seo, Yuji; Nakajima, Kaori; Miyano, Takashi [Asahikawa Medical Univ., Hokkaido (Japan); Kikuchi, Yuzou [Kanazawa Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine

2002-06-01

193

Contribution of the maxillary sinus to the modularity and variability of nasal cavity shape in Japanese macaques.  

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The nasal cavity is essential for conditioning of inspired air, and its form likely impacts its function. Since humans and other anthropoids have reduced nasal turbinates when compared to other mammals, variation in relative surface area is mainly brought about by changes to overall nasal architecture. Previous studies of modern humans suggest that variation in the transverse dimensions of the nasal cavity is likely possible because of the presence of the maxillary sinuses. To understand the evolutionary origin of this adaptation, we investigated the nasofacial skeleton of Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata). We applied computed tomography and geometric morphometrics to test how the nasal cavity shape is correlated with relative maxillary sinus volume and to evaluate how the nasal cavity shape is integrated with the external craniofacial shape. Our results show that the decreasing sinus volume is well associated with the relative expansion of nasal cavity at the middle region compared to the anterior and posterior openings. The nasal cavity shape is not integrated with the external craniofacial shape especially at the middle region as well as the posterior opening. Thus, the maxillary sinus in macaques may contribute to the modularity and variability of the nasal cavity shape, possibly facilitating the adaptive changes in the nasal airways of this species. PMID:25099364

Ito, Tsuyoshi; Nishimura, Takeshi D; Hamada, Yuzuru; Takai, Masanaru

2015-01-01

194

Systematic modification and evaluation of a canine model for elevation of the floor of the maxillary sinus.  

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We have modified a canine model for raising the floor of the maxillary sinus by selecting a new surgical approach, and have evaluated the model with computed tomographic (CT) scans and endoscopy. Preoperative CT scans were taken of two beagle cadavers and four healthy, live beagles. The CT data were entered into Simplant software to select a candidate site for a surgical incision located between the first molar and the greater palatine foramen. All animals had the floor of the maxillary sinus raised from the candidate site. During the operation an endoscope was put outside the candidate site and into the maxillary sinus through a lateral puncture to record the condition of the Schneiderian membrane and the position of the candidate site. Postoperative CT scans were used to measure the position of the site, and the positions were compared. Eleven variables were measured on the coronal and sagittal sections. The two most important variables were the mean (SD) horizontal distance from the candidate site to the palatal alveolar ridge (8.1 (0.9)mm) and the residual bone height (2.0 (0.4)mm). There were no significant differences in the anteroposterior or internal-external position of the candidate site. Intraoperative endoscopic views showed the intact, white, and opaque membrane from the candidate site, and the movement of the membrane in the middle of the sinus floor from the lateral puncture. The candidate site is therefore an ideal surgical approach for raising the floor of the maxillary sinus, and the canine model is suitable for research in this area. PMID:25001117

Zheng, JiSi; Zhang, ShanYong; Lu, ErYi; Yang, Chi; Zhang, WenJie; Zhao, JingYang

2014-11-01

195

The use of Straumann Bone Ceramic in a maxillary sinus floor elevation procedure: a clinical, radiological, histological and histomorphometric evaluation with a 6-month healing period  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVES: In this study, we evaluated the quality and quantity of bone formation in maxillary sinus floor elevation procedure using a new fully synthetic biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) consisting of a mixture of 60% hydroxyapatite and 40% of beta-tricalcium phosphate (Straumann Bone Ceramic). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A unilateral maxillary sinus floor elevation procedure was performed in six patients using 100% BCP. Biopsy retrieval for histological and histomorphometric analysis was carried...

Frenken, J. W. F. H.; Bouwman, W. F.; Bravenboer, N.; Zijderveld, S. A.; Schulten, E. A. J. M.; Bruggenkate, C. M. Ten

2010-01-01

196

Case Report: retained gutta-percha as a cause for persistent maxillary sinusitis and pain [v2; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/3c6  

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Full Text Available Dental sources of infection can produce acute and chronic maxillary sinusitis. In some cases, the source of the infection may be related to the presence of endodontic materials in the oral cavity. In this article, we report a case of retained gutta-percha in the maxillary sinus resulting in chronic sinusitis.

Benjamin L. Hodnett

2014-04-01

197

Primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the maxillary sinus in an elderly male: A case report and literature review.  

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Primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET), which belongs to the Ewing's sarcoma (ES) family of tumors, is mainly seen in children and young adults. PNETs are extremely rare in the maxilla. Here, we report a case of PNET of the left maxillary sinus in an elderly male. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a slightly enhanced solid mass occupying the left maxillary sinus and infiltrating into the retroantral space. A partial maxillectomy was performed. Despite postoperative chemotherapy, follow-up computed tomography (CT) and MRI revealed a nodal metastasis in the submandibular space. Neck dissection was performed. However, the patient died 10 months after the second surgery because of distant metastasis to the liver. MRI and CT were particularly useful in detecting the extent of the tumor, recurrence, and metastasis. Further, a literature review of the previously reported PNET cases of the maxilla was carried out. In this paper, we also discuss the current approach for the diagnosis and management of these tumors. PMID:25473639

Shah, Saiquat; Huh, Kyung-Hoe; Yi, Won-Jin; Heo, Min-Suk; Lee, Sam-Sun; Choi, Soon-Chul

2014-12-01

198

Easy and Unbiased Determination of the Maxillary Sinus Volume / Fácil Determinación y sin Sesgo del Volumen del Seno Maxilar  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: English Abstract in spanish La determinación del volumen del seno maxilar es necesaria en distintos procedimientos. En este estudio presentamos un método sencillo para la estimación del volumen del seno maxilar a partir de grupos de 3, 5 y 9 cortes coronales obtenidos mediante TC aplicando el método de Cavalieri combinado con [...] un muestreo sistemático y aleatorio de las imágenes evaluadas. Utilizamos 10 cráneos secos los cuales fueron sometidos a TC con cortes de 1mm de espesor a partir de cuyas imágenes se seleccionaron grupos de 3, 5 y 9 cortes coronales que involucraban al seno maxilar. El volumen real se determinó utilizando silicona adaptada a la cavidad del seno maxilar. El volumen estimado presentó una alta correlación con el volumen real, no encontrándose diferencias entre los grupos. Se concluye que es posible la estimación sin sesgo y con una elevada exactitud del volumen del seno maxilar a partir de un mínimo de 3 imágenes de TC obtenidas mediante muestreo sistemático y aleatorio con el método propuesto. Abstract in english Determining the volume of the maxillary sinus is necessary in certain procedures. We present a simple method for estimating the volume of the maxillary sinus from groups 3, 5 and 9 coronal CT scan using the Cavalieri method combined with systematic sampling and evaluated randomized images. We used 1 [...] 0 dry skulls submitted to the TC. The actual volume was determined using silicone adapted to the maxillary sinus cavity. The estimated volume showed a high correlation with real volume, with no differences between groups. We concluded that it is possible to estimate without bias and with high accuracy the volume of the maxillary sinus from a minimum of 3 CT images obtained through randomized systematic sampling and the proposed method.

Cesar, Coronado; Oscar, Arriagada; Iván, Suazo Galdames.

1375-13-01

199

A novel approach revealing the effect of a collagenous membrane on osteoconduction in maxillary sinus floor elevation with ?-tricalcium phosphate  

OpenAIRE

Calcium phosphates are used in maxillary sinus floor elevation (MSFE) procedures to increase bone height prior to dental implant placement. Whether a collagenous barrier membrane coverage of the lateral window affects bone formation within a bone substitute augmentation is currently an important matter of debate, since its benefit has not been irrefutably proven. Therefore, in this clinical study twelve patients underwent an MSFE procedure with ?-tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP). The lateral wi...

Eajm, Schulten; H-j, Prins; Jr, Overman; Mn, Helder; Cm, Ten Bruggenkate; Klein-nulend, J.

2013-01-01

200

Structural features of facial skull and maxillary sinuses as predictors of complications in endodontic treatment of teeth of upper jaw  

OpenAIRE

Endodontic treatment is considered to be one of the most common procedures in modern dentistry, which also leads to increase of the complications. Objective: to establish the anthropometric characteristics of the structure of the facial skull and maxillary sinus, determining the development of complications of the endodontic treatment of upper jaw. Materials and methods. Measurements have been performed on 105 three-dimensional CT scan of the head, 75 have been in the control group, 30 cases ...

Lepilin A.M.; Mareev O.V.; Kovalenko I.P.; Mareev G.O.

2012-01-01

201

Structural features of facial skull and maxillary sinuses as predictors of complications in endodontic treatment of teeth of upper jaw  

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Full Text Available Endodontic treatment is considered to be one of the most common procedures in modern dentistry, which also leads to increase of the complications. Objective: to establish the anthropometric characteristics of the structure of the facial skull and maxillary sinus, determining the development of complications of the endodontic treatment of upper jaw. Materials and methods. Measurements have been performed on 105 three-dimensional CT scan of the head, 75 have been in the control group, 30 cases have got foreign bodies of the maxillary sinuses on the CT. Results. We have established the correlation between obtained anthropometrical parameters such as height and width of the face with the type of maxillary sinus pneumatization, also we have studied the critical thickness of the bone plate over the tooth root, which is the main predisposing factor in the development of complications. Conclusion. It is possible to form risk groups according to the type of the structure of the front-skeleton, for additional studies of further endodontic interventions that may reduce their frequency.

Lepilin A.M.

2012-09-01

202

Long-term results of the maxillary sinus carcinoma with irradiation and intraarterial infusion of 5-FU  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Therapeutic results of 33 primary cases of maxillary sinus carcinoma treated with irradiation and intraarterial infusion of 5-FU between 1972 and 1984 were analyzed. The 5-year crude survival rate for the group with stage T2 carcinoma (n=10) was 50.0%, and for those with T3 (n=15) and T4 (n=8) it was 46.7% and 25.0%, respectively. The overall 5-year crude survival rate was 42.4%. Eight patients who did not undergo maxillectomy survived for 5 years after irradiation and intraarterial infusion. Recurrence of the tumor after the irradiation and intraarterial infusion occurred in 63.6%, and was frequently observed at the ethmoidal region and the orbita. In the areas in which the tumor extended to regions such as the ethmoid sinus and orbita, which are nourished by arteries other than the maxillary artery, conventional intraarterial infusion was ineffective for complete tumor eradication. Therefore, in most of the patients with advanced maxillary sinus carcinoma, partial or total maxillectomy following combined therapy of intraarterial infusion and irradiation is necessary to improve a prognosis. (author)

203

Comparison of Results according to the treatment Method in Maxillary Sinus Carcinoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose : A retrospective analysis was performed to investigate the proper management of maxillary sinus carcinoma. Materials and Methods : Authors analysed 33 patients of squamous cell carcinoma of maxillary sinus treated at Chonnam University Hospital from January 1986 to December 1992. There were 24 men and 9 women with median age of 55 years. According to AJCC TNM system of 1988, a patient of T2, 10 patients of T3 and 22 patients of T4 were available, respectively. Cervical lymph node metastases was observed in 5 patients(N1;4/33, N2b;1/33). Patients were classified as 3 groups according to management method. The first group, named as 'FAR' (16 patients), was consisted of preoperative intra-arterial chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil(5-FU;mean of total dosage;3078mg) through the superficial temporal artery with concurrent radiation(mean dose delivered;3433cGy, daily 180-200cGy) and vitamin A(50,000 IU daily), and followed by total maxillectomy and postoperative radiation therapy(mean dose;2351cGy). The second group, named as 'SR'(7 patients), was consisted of total maxillectomy followed by postoperative radiation therapy(mean dose 5920 cGy). Her third group, named as 'R'(6 patients), was treated with radiation alone(mean dose;7164cGy). Kaplan-Meier product limit method was used for survival analysis and Mantel-Cox test was performed for significance of survival difference between two groups. Results : Local recurrence free survival rate in the end of 2 year was 100%urvival rate in the end of 2 year was 100%, 5-% and 0% in FAR, SR and R group, respectively. Disease free survival rate in 2 years was 88.9%, 40% and 50% in Far, SR and R group, respectively. There were statistically significant difference between FAR and SR or FAR and R group in their local recurrence free, disease free and overall survival rates. But difference of each survival rate between SR and R group was not significant. Conclusion : In this study FAR group revealed better results that SR or R group. In the future prospective randomized study is in need

204

The Maxillary Sinus Membrane Elevation Procedure: Augmentation of Bone around Dental Implants without Grafts—A Review of a Surgical Technique  

OpenAIRE

Background. Long-term edentulism may in many cases result in resorption of the alveolar process. The sinus lift procedure aims to create increased bone volume in the maxillary sinus in order to enable installation of dental implants in the region. The method is over 30 years old, and initially autogenous bone grafts were used and later also different bone substitutes. Since 1997, a limited number of studies have explored the possibility of a graftless procedure where the void under the sinus ...

Riben, Christopher; Thor, Andreas

2012-01-01

205

Calvarial autogenous bone graft for maxillary ridge and sinus reconstruction for rehabilitation with dental implants  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Autogenous bone grafting is the gold-standard technique for bone augmentation procedures prior to implant placement. If the amount of available intraoral donor bone is insufficient, it is necessary to harvest bone graft from extraoral sites, such as calvaria. Although this technique is well established, only a few case reports show the histological analysis of the grafted bone at the moment of implant placement. This article reports the case of a 48-year-old female patient with a critical atrophic maxillary ridge reconstructed using autogenous calvarial bone graft prior to implant placement, with clinical and histological evaluation. Bone was collected under general anesthesia from the parietal bone. The outer cortical originated the bone blocks, and the medullar bone layer between was collected to be used in the sinus augmentation procedure, together with 5 of the bone blocks triturated. Six months after bone augmentation, 8 implants were placed in the grafted area and 2 biopsies were retrieved (anterior andthe posterior regions), allowing the visualization of the bone-remodeling process in the grafted areas. The patient had a stable recovery. Our results showed that although necrotic bone could still be seen in the outer layer of the grafted area, the interface between this necrotic bone and the already remodeled bone was consistent with biocompatibility. Two-year radiographic evaluation showed success of the grafts and the implants in supporting an esthetic and functionally stable prosthesis. Summarizing, calvarial bone grafts are a viable alternative for the attainment of adequate bone volume prior to implant placement.

Bastos, Alliny Souza; Spin-Neto, Rubens

2014-01-01

206

Ameloblastomas en la infancia localizados en el seno maxilar / Ameloblastomas of the maxillary sinus in children  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El ameloblastoma es un tumor odontogénico descrito como una lesión anatómicamente benigna y clínicamente persistente, que afecta a los huesos maxilares, principalmente a la mandíbula. No es frecuente en niños y los criterios de tratamiento quirúrgico en la infancia son controversiales, debido, en pa [...] rte, al riesgo de recurrencia cuando se practican métodos conservadores. Por otro lado, el tratamiento radical puede trastornar el crecimiento maxilofacial y provocar graves problemas estéticos y funcionales. Se describen 2 casos clínicos de niños con ameloblastomas monoquísticos localizados en el seno maxilar y tratados conservadoramente, los cuales después de 7 y 4 años, respectivamente, de seguimiento no han mostrado signos clínicos ni radiográficos de recurrencia tumoral. Abstract in english The ameloblastoma is an odontogenic tumor described as an anatomically benign and clinically persistent lesion affecting the jaws, especially the mandible. It is rare in children and the criteria for surgery in the childhood are controversial, partly due to the risk of recurrence when conservative m [...] ethods are practiced. On the other hand, a radical treatment can alter the maxillofacial growth and cause serious esthetic and functional problems. Two clinical cases of children with unicystic ameloblastoma located in the maxillary sinus and treated conservatively are described, who after 7 and 4 years of follow-up, respectively, showed no clinical and radiographic signs of tumor recurrence.

Carlos E., Zamora Linares.

2013-11-01

207

Assessment of chemo-radiotherapy for carcinoma of the maxillary sinus  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The local control rates in 112 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus, initially treated at Kyushu University from 1976 to 1991 using radiotherapy alone, FAR-therapy (radiation with 5FU and Vitamin-A) or BUdR-FAR-therapy (BUdR followed by FAR-therapy), were retrospectly analyzed from pathological and clinical standpoints, to ascertain their respective effectiveness. The local control rates of T2 patients treated using radiotherapy alone, FAR-therapy and BUdR-FAR-therapy were 5%, 3% and 20% at Time-Dose-Factor(TDF) 30, 30%, 65% and 74% at TDF 50, and 80%, 99% and 97% at TDF 80, respectively. The local control rates of T3 patients were 1%, 1% and 0% at TDF 30, 18%, 46% and 22% at TDF 50, and 62%, 98% and 90% at TDF 80, respectively. Those of T4 patients were 0%, 0% and 0% at TDF 30, 7%, 13% and 9% at TDF 50, and 36%, 72% and 60% at TDF 80, respectively. The local control rates achieved by chemo-radiotherapy (FAR-therapy and BUdR-FAR-therapy) were higher than those achieved using radiotherapy alone, although the difference was small. (author).

Jingu, Kenichi [Fukuoka Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine; Ohmagari, Junichi; Uehara, Satoru [and others

1995-09-01

208

Sinus Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... to drain. These openings are made between the maxillary sinus and the inside of the nose. These openings ... that open incisions are needed to enter the maxillary sinuses. These incisions ... gum. Sinus surgery is usually done under general anesthesia. Patients ...

209

Ausência de fluxo aéreo nasal e desenvolvimento dos seios maxilares / Absence of nasal air flow and maxillary sinus development  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Os mecanismos responsáveis pelo desenvolvimento dos seios paranasais ainda são pouco conhecidos, o fluxo aéreo nasal segundo uma das teorias propostas seria fundamental ao crescimento e desenvolvimento saudável dos seios paranasais. OBJETIVO: Estudar comparativamente o desenvolvimento dos seios maxi [...] lares e a presença de sinusopatia, em um mesmo modelo, na ausência e presença de fluxo aéreo nasal posterior. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo transversal de uma série de casos; os exames tomográficos pré-operatórios de 7 pacientes com atresia coanal unilateral, idade média 16.28 anos (± 5,024). Este estudo realizado em um hospital terciário, com pacientes que passaram neste serviço entre os anos de 1994 e 2004. A área dos seios maxilares foi medida com auxílio do programa Auto-Cad. Utilizou-se o teste de Kruskal-Wallis para análise estatística. RESULTADOS: Nesse estudo observou-se seios maxilares simétricos e até mesmo maiores no lado da atresia coanal em 85,71% dos casos, não houve diferença estatística significativa entre os dois lados comparados. Não se observou sinais de tomográficos de sinusopatia neste grupo de pacientes. CONCLUSÃO: Os achados aqui apresentados contrariam a teoria difusamente aceita sobre o papel do fluxo aéreo nasal na saúde e no desenvolvimento das cavidades paranasais. Abstract in english Paranasal sinuses development mechanisms are not well known. Nasal air flow, according to one of the proposed theories, would be fundamental to the growth and healthy development of paranasal sinuses. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the maxillary sinus growth and health in the presence an [...] d absence of postnasal air flow through a unique model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of a series of cases; preoperative CT scans of 7 patients with unilateral choanal atresia, average age was 16.28 years (± 5.024). This study was done in a tertiary hospital, with patients treated between 1994 and 2004. The area of the maxillary sinuses was measured with the aid an Auto-Cad software. Kruskal-Wallis test was used in the statistical analysis. RESULTS: Symmetrical or even bigger maxillary sinuses were found in the same side of the choanal atresia in 85.71% of the cases. There was no significant statistic difference between compared sides. CT Scan signs of sinus disease were not seem in these patients. DISCUSSION: These findings oppose the commonly accepted theory about the role of nasal air flow in health and development of paranasal cavities.

Roberto Eustáquio dos Santos, Guimarães; Gustavo Coelho dos, Anjos; Celso Gonçalves, Becker; Helena Maria Gonçalves, Becker; Paulo Fernando Tormin Borges, Crosara; Cláudia Pena, Galvão.

2007-04-01

210

Assessment of airflow ventilation in human nasal cavity and maxillary sinus before and after targeted sinonasal surgery: a numerical case study.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, we evaluated the effects of targeted sinonasal surgery on nasal and maxillary sinus airflow patterns. A patient, who underwent right balloon sinuplasty and left uncinectomy for recurrent maxillary sinus barometric pressure, and concomitant septoplasty and bilateral inferior turbinate reduction for deviated nasal septum and inferior turbinate hypertrophy, was selected. Two 3D models representing both pre- and post-operative sinonasal morphology were constructed. The models were then used to evaluate nasal and maxillary sinus airflow patterns during respiration at ventilation rates of 7.5 L/min, 15 L/min and 30 L/min using computational fluid dynamics. The results showed that septoplasty and inferior turbinate reduction increased the nasal volume by 13.6%. The airflow patterns in the nasal cavity showed reasonably decreased resistance and slightly more even flow partitioning after the operation. Maxillary sinus ventilation significantly increased during inspiration in the left sinus after uncinectomy, and during expiration in right sinus after balloon sinuplasty. This study demonstrates computational fluid dynamics simulation is a tool in the investigation of outcomes after targeted, minimally invasive sinonasal surgery. PMID:24418355

Zhu, Jian Hua; Lim, Kian Meng; Thong, Kim Thye Mark; Wang, De Yun; Lee, Heow Pueh

2014-04-01

211

Carcinoma de seio maxilar: análise de dez casos Maxillary sinus carcinoma: an analysis of ten cases  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar o papel, principalmente da tomografia computadorizada, no estadiamento dos carcinomas dos seios maxilares. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Foram analisados dez casos de carcinoma diagnosticados e tratados pelos Departamentos de Diagnóstico por Imagem e Cirurgia de Cabeça e Pescoço do Hospital Heliópolis, São Paulo, SP, entre 1988 e 2002. RESULTADOS: Nove pacientes tiveram extensão tumoral para a bochecha, oito para o espaço mastigador, sete para o assoalho da boca e palato duro, cinco para a fossa pterigóide, cinco para a órbita, três para o etmóide e um para a base do crânio. Três pacientes foram classificados como T3 e sete, como T4. Dois tinham metástases linfonodais no momento da apresentação inicial, os quais pertenciam ao estágio T4. Todos os casos foram confirmados com exame histopatológico. CONCLUSÃO: A análise precisa da extensão local e disseminação tumoral fornecida pela tomografia computadorizada e ressonância magnética desempenha papel importante no planejamento cirúrgico, influenciando, também, na conduta terapêutica e prognóstico.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role, especially of computed tomography, in the staging of maxillary sinus carcinomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten cases of carcinoma treated in Hospital Heliópolis Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Head and Neck Surgery, São Paulo, SP, Brazil, in the period between 1988 and 2002, were evaluated. RESULTS: Nine patients presented with tumor extension to the cheek, eight to the masticator space, seven to the mouth floor and hard palate, five to the pterygoid fossa, five to the orbit, three to the ethmoid bone, and one to the skull base. Three of the patients were staged T3, and seven T4. Two patients had lymph nodes metastases at their initial presentation, and were staged T4. All of the cases were histopathologically confirmed. CONCLUSION: The accurate analysis of the tumor local extent and dissemination by means of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging plays a relevant role in the surgical planning, besides influencing the therapeutic conduct and prognosis.

Ricardo Pires de Souza

2006-12-01

212

Neoadjuvant intra-arterial chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy and surgery in patients with advanced maxillary sinus cancer  

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The optimal treatment of advanced maxillary sinus cancer has been challenging for several decades. Intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) for head and neck cancer has been controversial. We have analyzed the long-term outcome of neoadjuvant IAC followed by radiation therapy (RT) and surgery. Twenty-seven patients with advanced maxillary sinus cancer were treated between 1989 and 2002. Five-fluorouracil (5-FU, 500 mg/m2) was infused intra-arterially, and followed by RT (total 50.4 Gy/28 fractions). A planned surgery was performed 3 to 4 weeks after completion of IAC and RT. At a median follow-up of 77 months (range, 12 to 169 months), the 5-year rates of overall survival in all patients were 63%. The 5-year rates of overall survival of stage T3/T4 patients were 70.0% and 58.8%, respectively. Seven of fourteen patients with disease recurrence had a local recurrence alone. The 5-year actuarial local control rates in patients with stage T3/T4, and in all patients were 20.0%, 32.3%, and 27.4%, respectively. Overall response rate after the completion of IAC and RT was 70.3%. During the follow-up, seven patients (25.9%) showed mild to moderate late complications. The tumor extent (i.e., the involvement of either orbit and/or base of skull) appeared to be related with local recurrence. Neoadjuvant IAC with 5-FU followed by RT and surgery may be effective to improve local tumor control in the patients with advanced maxillary sinus cancer. However, local failure was still the major cause of death. Further investigations are required to determine the optimal treatment schedule, radiotherapy techniques and chemotherapy regimens.

Kim, Won Tae; Kim, Yong Kan; Lee, Ju Hye; Kim, Dong Hyun; Park, Dahl; Cho, Kyu Sup; Kim, Dong Won [Pusan National University Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Nam, Ji Ho; Roh, Hwan Jung [Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Yangsan (Korea, Republic of)

2013-09-15

213

A comparative study of the prevalence of maxillary sinusitis in medieval urban and rural populations in Northern England.  

OpenAIRE

Six hundred sixty-three Medieval individuals from Wharram Percy, a rural settlement in the Yorkshire Wolds, and 1,042 individuals from St. Helen-on-the-Walls, a poor parish in the Medieval city of York, were examined in order to test the hypothesis that maxillary sinusitis would be more prevalent in an urban population due to social and environmental conditions characteristic of an industrialized settlement. The results showed that the individuals from St. Helen-on-the-Walls, living in the ur...

Lewis, M.; Roberts, C. A.; Manchester, K.

1995-01-01

214

Accuracy of panoramic radiographs in determining the relationship of posterior root apices and maxillary sinus floor by Cone-Beam CT  

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Full Text Available   Background and Aims: It is crucial to verify the relationship between root apices and maxillary sinus floor in some surgical procedures like extraction and implant placement or in orthodontic movements like intrusion. Protrusion of roots into the sinus increases the risk of post extraction pneumatization which in turn decreases the available bone at the implant or denture sites. The aim of this study was to determine the panoramic radiology accuracy for defining the relationship between posterior root apices and the maxillary sinus floor by Cone Beam CT (CBCT.   Materials and Methods: Paired panoramic radiographs and CBCT images of 117 subjects were examined. 452 posterior maxillary roots including second premolar, first and second molar were classified by the means of the relationship with maxillary sinus floor. CBCT was used as Gold standard method, and the agreement of panoramic findings with CBCT was examined statistically. Data were analyzed using Chi-square and Multiple logistic regressions.   Results: Agreement of the panoramic and CBCT results were seen in 57.7% of all cases. Roots which had no contacts with the sinus floor (class 0 showed a high agreement of 89.5% between two imaging techniques. Roots in contact with sinus floor (class 1 showed 58.8 % and cases with root protrusion into sinus cavity (class 3, 4 showed 50% of agreement (P<0.001. Also in 36% of cases with no protrusion into the sinus cavity (class 0, 1, 2, panoramic showed protrusion. The agreement for the premolar was higher than molars (P<0.001   Conclusion: The majority of roots which their images were projected on the sinus cavity had no vertical protrusion in CBCT cuts. Considering the results, in these cases CBCT can be recommended.

Hoorieh Bashizadeh Fakhar

2014-06-01

215

Retração rápida de caninos associada ao levantamento do seio maxilar / Rapid canine retraction associated with maxillary sinus lifting  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: a retração rápida de caninos por distração do ligamento periodontal é uma técnica de movimentação dentária que permite o fechamento de espaço da extração de primeiros pré-molares em um intervalo de 2 ou 3 semanas, proporcionando uma redução significativa no tempo do tratamento ortodôntic [...] o. A técnica cirúrgica para realização deste procedimento é relativamente simples, entretanto, nos casos onde o seio maxilar apresenta-se próximo ao ápice radicular de caninos e pré-molares, sempre há o risco de perfuração da membrana desta cavidade. OBJETIVO: o objetivo deste artigo é apresentar, através de um caso clínico, uma modificação na técnica original proposta por Liou e Huang, onde o levantamento do seio maxilar, executado de forma bastante simples, imprimiu maior controle e segurança ao ato cirúrgico necessário para a realização da retração rápida de caninos. CONCLUSÃO: a retração rápida de caninos é um procedimento exeqüível e o levantamento de seio maxilar pode auxiliar na execução do movimento dentário. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Rapid canine distalization using distraction of the periodontal ligament is a tooth movement technique that allows to close the space of extraction of first premolars in about 2 or 3 weeks, reducing orthodontic treatment time considerably. The surgical technique for this procedure is r [...] easonably simple, however, during surgery in the maxilla, always exists the risk of sinus injury when the sinus membrane is close to the apex of canines and first premolars. AIM: The aim of this study is to present a case report showing a modification of the original technique proposed by Liou and Huang, where the maxillary sinus membrane lifting procedure was undertaken in a simple way, leaving it intact, and permitting a safer and more controlled protocol to start the rapid canine retraction. CONCLUSION: Rapid canine retraction is a viable procedure and maxillary sinus lifting may be helpful in providing the tooth movement.

Paulo Renato Carvalho, Ribeiro; Silvia Regina de Souza, Monteiro; Sérgio Henrique Casarim, Fernandes; Gustavo Saggioro, Oliveira.

2007-10-01

216

Anterior sinus grafts for angled implant placement for severe maxillary atrophy as an alternative to zygomatic implants for full arch fixed restoration: technique and report of 5 cases.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report on 5 cases, 4 to demonstrate the anterior sinus graft technique for angled implant placement and 1 comparison zygomatic case, all for immediate function implant restoration despite severe maxillary atrophy. The sinus graft was low volume, with less than 5 mL of bone morphogenetic protein-2/absorbable collagen sponge allograft in a 50% mixture placed against the lateral nasal wall, often in conjunction with implant placement. The importance of the technique is to simplify treatment of severe maxillary atrophy for immediate function to avoid the need for zygomatic implant placement in the vast majority of severely atrophic maxillas. PMID:24947964

Jensen, Ole T; Adams, Mark W

2014-07-01

217

Avaliação do recesso lacrimal do seio maxilar: estudo anatômico Evaluation of the lacrimal recess of the maxillary sinus: an anatomical study  

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Full Text Available Arelação anatômica entre seio maxilar e ducto lacrimonasal adquiriu maior importância com o advento das microcirugias e cirurgias nasossinusais assistidas por endoscopia e pelo crescente uso da endoscopia nasal na realização das meatotomias médias e dacriocistorrinostomiastransnasais. Não foram encontrados relatos de classificação do seio maxilar quanto ao seu recesso lacrimal, tampouco sua frequência. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a frequência do recesso lacrimal do seio maxilar em peças anatômicas dissecadas. MÉTODO: Foram avaliadas 31 partes de hemicabeças de cadáveres. Procedeu-se à dissecção da área correspondente ao terço médio da face, por acesso lateral, para que se pudesse observar a posição da porção mais lateral do ducto lacrimonasal em relação ao seio maxilar. Os seios maxilares foram avaliados, por dois examinadores simultaneamente, chegando ao consenso do tipo de ducto lacrimonasal. RESULTADOS: Foram encontrados 18 seios maxilares do tipo lateral (58,1% e 13 do tipo anterior (41,9%. A diferença entre a frequência de seios maxilares do tipo anterior nos lados direito (35,7% e esquerdo (47,1% não mostrou significância estatística (p = 0,524. CONCLUSÃO: Observou-se frequência de 41,9% de recessos lacrimais nos seios maxilares.The anatomical relation between the maxillary sinus and the nasolacrimal duct has gained greater importance with the advent of microsurgeries and endoscopic-assisted sinonasal procedures, and the growing use of endonasal surgery to perform middle meatus procedures and transnasal dacryocystorhinostomy. We did not find reports on maxillary sinus classification concerning its lacrimal recess, nor how often it is found. OBJECTIVE: To assess how frequent the lacrimal recess can be found in the maxillary sinuses of dissected anatomical specimens. METHOD: We assessed 31 half-heads from cadavers. We dissected the area corresponding to the middle third of the face, by lateral access so as to be able to observe the most lateral portion of the nasolacrimal duct vis-à-vis the maxillary sinus.The maxillary sinuses were assessed by two examiners simultaneously, getting to a consensus in relation to the type of nasolacrimal duct. RESULTS: We assessed 18 maxillary sinuses of the lateral type (58.1% and 13 anterior sinuses (41.9%. The difference in frequency of the anterior type of maxillary type of the right side (35.7% and left (47.1% did not have statistical significance (p = 0.524. CONCLUSION: We found a frequency of 41.9% of lacrimal recesses in the maxillary sinuses.

Paulo de Lima Navarro

2013-02-01

218

Avaliação do recesso lacrimal do seio maxilar: estudo anatômico / Evaluation of the lacrimal recess of the maxillary sinus: an anatomical study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Arelação anatômica entre seio maxilar e ducto lacrimonasal adquiriu maior importância com o advento das microcirugias e cirurgias nasossinusais assistidas por endoscopia e pelo crescente uso da endoscopia nasal na realização das meatotomias médias e dacriocistorrinostomiastransnasais. Não foram enco [...] ntrados relatos de classificação do seio maxilar quanto ao seu recesso lacrimal, tampouco sua frequência. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a frequência do recesso lacrimal do seio maxilar em peças anatômicas dissecadas. MÉTODO: Foram avaliadas 31 partes de hemicabeças de cadáveres. Procedeu-se à dissecção da área correspondente ao terço médio da face, por acesso lateral, para que se pudesse observar a posição da porção mais lateral do ducto lacrimonasal em relação ao seio maxilar. Os seios maxilares foram avaliados, por dois examinadores simultaneamente, chegando ao consenso do tipo de ducto lacrimonasal. RESULTADOS: Foram encontrados 18 seios maxilares do tipo lateral (58,1%) e 13 do tipo anterior (41,9%). A diferença entre a frequência de seios maxilares do tipo anterior nos lados direito (35,7%) e esquerdo (47,1%) não mostrou significância estatística (p = 0,524). CONCLUSÃO: Observou-se frequência de 41,9% de recessos lacrimais nos seios maxilares. Abstract in english The anatomical relation between the maxillary sinus and the nasolacrimal duct has gained greater importance with the advent of microsurgeries and endoscopic-assisted sinonasal procedures, and the growing use of endonasal surgery to perform middle meatus procedures and transnasal dacryocystorhinostom [...] y. We did not find reports on maxillary sinus classification concerning its lacrimal recess, nor how often it is found. OBJECTIVE: To assess how frequent the lacrimal recess can be found in the maxillary sinuses of dissected anatomical specimens. METHOD: We assessed 31 half-heads from cadavers. We dissected the area corresponding to the middle third of the face, by lateral access so as to be able to observe the most lateral portion of the nasolacrimal duct vis-à-vis the maxillary sinus.The maxillary sinuses were assessed by two examiners simultaneously, getting to a consensus in relation to the type of nasolacrimal duct. RESULTS: We assessed 18 maxillary sinuses of the lateral type (58.1%) and 13 anterior sinuses (41.9%). The difference in frequency of the anterior type of maxillary type of the right side (35.7%) and left (47.1%) did not have statistical significance (p = 0.524). CONCLUSION: We found a frequency of 41.9% of lacrimal recesses in the maxillary sinuses.

Paulo de Lima, Navarro; Almiro José, Machado Júnior; Agrício Nubiato, Crespo.

2013-02-01

219

The silent sinus syndrome  

OpenAIRE

The silent sinus syndrome (SSS) involves painless facial asymmetry and enophthalmos, which is the result of chronic maxillary sinus atelectasis. In most cases, it is diagnosed clinically, however, using the characteristic imaging features including maxillary sinus outlet obstruction, sinus opacification, and sinus volume loss caused by inward retraction of the sinus walls. Obstruction of the maxillary ostium appears to play a critical role in the development of SSS. Treatment involves functio...

Sheikhi, Mahnaz; Jalalian, Faranak

2013-01-01

220

Endoscopically assisted procedure for removal of a foreign body from the maxillary sinus and contemporary endodontic surgical treatment of the tooth  

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Full Text Available Abstract There have been reports on the migration of teeth or implants into the maxillary sinus. We know of only one report on the migration of a gutta-percha point that had been used to fill a root canal into the ethmoid sinus. We report such a case treated with an endoscopically assisted procedure for removal of the foreign body and contemporary endodontic surgical treatment of the tooth.

Sembronio Salvatore

2006-11-01

221

Endoscopically assisted procedure for removal of a foreign body from the maxillary sinus and contemporary endodontic surgical treatment of the tooth.  

Science.gov (United States)

There have been reports on the migration of teeth or implants into the maxillary sinus. We know of only one report on the migration of a gutta-percha point that had been used to fill a root canal into the ethmoid sinus. We report such a case treated with an endoscopically assisted procedure for removal of the foreign body and contemporary endodontic surgical treatment of the tooth. PMID:17090337

Costa, Fabio; Robiony, Massimo; Toro, Corrado; Sembronio, Salvatore; Politi, Massimo

2006-01-01

222

Accuracy of panoramic radiographs in determining the relationship of posterior root apices and maxillary sinus floor by Cone-Beam CT  

OpenAIRE

  Background and Aims: It is crucial to verify the relationship between root apices and maxillary sinus floor in some surgical procedures like extraction and implant placement or in orthodontic movements like intrusion. Protrusion of roots into the sinus increases the risk of post extraction pneumatization which in turn decreases the available bone at the implant or denture sites. The aim of this study was to determine the panoramic radiology accuracy for defining the relationship between po...

Hoorieh Bashizadeh Fakhar; Hanieh Kaviani; Mehrdad Panjnoosh; Ahmad Reza Shamshiri

2014-01-01

223

Osteoma of the Medial Wall of the Maxillary Sinus: A Primary Cause of Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction and Review of the Literature  

OpenAIRE

A 74-year-old male patient presented to the outpatient department with left-sided epiphora and chronic dacryocystitis, without any history of head trauma or previous nasal or paranasal sinuses surgery. No abnormalities were noted at the time with the use of nasal endoscopy. The computed tomography scan however revealed an osteoma of the medial wall of the left maxillary sinus. An endonasal endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) with osteoma removal by using a drill with temporary silicone ste...

Athanasios Saratziotis; Enzo Emanuelli

2014-01-01

224

Endoscopically assisted procedure for removal of a foreign body from the maxillary sinus and contemporary endodontic surgical treatment of the tooth  

OpenAIRE

Abstract There have been reports on the migration of teeth or implants into the maxillary sinus. We know of only one report on the migration of a gutta-percha point that had been used to fill a root canal into the ethmoid sinus. We report such a case treated with an endoscopically assisted procedure for removal of the foreign body and contemporary endodontic surgical treatment of the tooth.

Sembronio Salvatore; Toro Corrado; Robiony Massimo; Costa Fabio; Politi Massimo

2006-01-01

225

Equine and porcine bone substitutes in maxillary sinus augmentation: a histological and immunohistochemical analysis of VEGF expression.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this work was to investigate the morphological structure and the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) after maxillary sinus augmentation through equine and porcine bone substitutes in humans. Ten patients showing edentulous posterior maxilla underwent maxillary sinus augmentation through particulate equine bone substitute and 10 patients through particulate porcine bone substitute. At the moment of implants insertion, 6 months after grafting, bone specimens were withdrawn and processed for morphological and immunohistochemical analyses. Notwithstanding the almost comparable clinical performances of both bone substitutes, histological results showed a better integration when an equine bone substitute was used compared to a porcine one. In particular, evident signs of particles resorption were observed in equine bone substitute group specimens compared to porcine ones. Immunohistochemical analysis showed a statistically significant increase of VEGF expression in equine compared to porcine bone substitute group specimens. These results showed both bone substitutes to achieve comparable clinical performance, indicating their successful use for bone regenerative procedures. However, in the same experimental time, equine group specimens showed evident resorption phenomena, whereas no or little signs of resorption were evident in the porcine group specimens. However, a more rapid and intense vascularization was achieved in equine bone substitute group, as demonstrated by immunohistochemical analysis for VEGF expression. Even if differences in vascularization significantly affect the clinical performance of a heterologous bone substitute, its ability to be resorbed is also very important in influencing long-term integration and long-term predictability of implant-prosthetic rehabilitation in regenerated sites. PMID:24820710

Tetè, Stefano; Zizzari, Vincenzo Luca; Vinci, Raffaele; Zara, Susi; Di Tore, Umberto; Manica, Marco; Cataldi, Amelia; Mortellaro, Carmen; Piattelli, Adriano; Gherlone, Enrico

2014-05-01

226

A novel approach revealing the effect of a collagenous membrane on osteoconduction in maxillary sinus floor elevation with ?-tricalcium phosphate  

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Full Text Available Calcium phosphates are used in maxillary sinus floor elevation (MSFE procedures to increase bone height prior to dental implant placement. Whether a collagenous barrier membrane coverage of the lateral window affects bone formation within a bone substitute augmentation is currently an important matter of debate, since its benefit has not been irrefutably proven. Therefore, in this clinical study twelve patients underwent an MSFE procedure with ?-tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP. The lateral window was either left uncovered, or covered with a resorbable collagenous barrier membrane. After a 6-months healing period, bone biopsies were retrieved during implant placement. Consecutive 1 mm regions of interest of these biopsies were assessed for bone formation, resorption parameters, as well as bone architecture using histology, histomorphometry and micro-computed tomography. Comparable outcomes between the groups with and without membrane were observed regarding osteoconduction rate, bone and graft volume, osteoclast number and structural parameters of newly formed bone per region of interest. However, osteoid volume in grafted maxillary sinus floors without membrane was significantly higher than with membrane. In conclusion, our results – obtained with a novel method employed using 1 mm regions of interest – demonstrate that the clinical application of a bioresorbable collagenous barrier membrane covering the lateral window, after an MSFE procedure with ?-TCP, was not beneficial for bone regeneration and even decreased osteoid production which might lead to diminished bone formation in the long run.

EAJM Schulten

2013-03-01

227

A novel approach revealing the effect of a collagenous membrane on osteoconduction in maxillary sinus floor elevation with ?-tricalcium phosphate.  

Science.gov (United States)

Calcium phosphates are used in maxillary sinus floor elevation (MSFE) procedures to increase bone height prior to dental implant placement. Whether a collagenous barrier membrane coverage of the lateral window affects bone formation within a bone substitute augmentation is currently an important matter of debate, since its benefit has not been irrefutably proven. Therefore, in this clinical study twelve patients underwent an MSFE procedure with ?-tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP). The lateral window was either left uncovered, or covered with a resorbable collagenous barrier membrane. After a 6-months healing period, bone biopsies were retrieved during implant placement. Consecutive 1 mm regions of interest of these biopsies were assessed for bone formation, resorption parameters, as well as bone architecture using histology, histomorphometry and micro-computed tomography. Comparable outcomes between the groups with and without membrane were observed regarding osteoconduction rate, bone and graft volume, osteoclast number and structural parameters of newly formed bone per region of interest. However, osteoid volume in grafted maxillary sinus floors without membrane was significantly higher than with membrane. In conclusion, our results - obtained with a novel method employed using 1 mm regions of interest - demonstrate that the clinical application of a bioresorbable collagenous barrier membrane covering the lateral window, after an MSFE procedure with ?-TCP, was not beneficial for bone regeneration and even decreased osteoid production which might lead to diminished bone formation in the long run. PMID:23529785

Schulten, Engelbert A J M; Prins, Henk-Jan; Overman, Janice R; Helder, Marco N; ten Bruggenkate, Christiaan M; Klein-Nulend, Jenneke

2013-01-01

228

Human maxillary sinus floor elevation as a model for bone regeneration enabling the application of one-step surgical procedures.  

Science.gov (United States)

Bone loss in the oral and maxillofacial region caused by trauma, tumors, congenital disorders, or degenerative diseases is a health care problem worldwide. To restore (reconstruct) these bone defects, human or animal bone grafts or alloplastic (synthetic) materials have been used. However, several disadvantages are associated with bone graft transplantation, such as limited bone volume, donor-site morbidity, surgical and immune rejection risks, and lack of osseo-integration. Bone tissue engineering is emerging as a valid alternative to treat bone defects allowing the regeneration of lost bony tissue, thereby recovering its functionality. During the last decades, the increasing aged population worldwide has also raised the prevalence of maxillary atrophy. Maxillary sinus floor elevation (MSFE) has become a standard surgical procedure to overcome the reduced amount of bone, thus enabling the placement of dental implants. MSFE aims to increase the bone height in the posterior maxilla, by elevating the Schneiderian membrane and placing the graft material into the surgically created space in the maxillary sinus floor. Importantly, oral bone regeneration during MSFE offers a unique human clinical model in which new cell-based bone tissue engineering applications might be investigated, since biopsies can be taken after MSFE before a dental implant placement and analyzed at the cellular level. New approaches in oral bone regeneration are focusing on cells, growth factors, and biomaterials. Recently, adipose tissue has become interesting as an abundant source of mesenchymal stem cells, which might be applied immediately after isolation to the patient allowing a one-step surgical procedure, thereby avoiding expensive cell culture procedures and another surgical operation. In this new cell-based tissue engineering approach, stem cells are combined with an osteoconductive scaffold and growth factors, and applied immediately to the patient. In this review, MSFE is discussed as a valid model to test bone tissue engineering approaches, such as the one-step surgical procedure. This procedure might be applied in other regenerative medicine applications as well. PMID:22909124

Farré-Guasch, Elisabet; Prins, Henk-Jan; Overman, Janice R; Ten Bruggenkate, Christiaan M; Schulten, Engelbert A J M; Helder, Marco N; Klein-Nulend, Jenneke

2013-02-01

229

Radiotherapy of maxillary sinuses carcinoma: state of art; Radiotherapie des carcinomes des sinus maxillaires: l'etat de l'art  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Maxillary sinus carcinomas are rare malignancies of the face, characterized by high local relapsing rate. Modalities of treatment are without consensus and respective roles of radiation therapy and surgery remain controversial. As those malignancies are often diagnosed at locally advanced stage, radiation therapy may frequently be used for patients having unresectable advanced disease. Nevertheless, surgery remains treatment of choice for more localized malignancies, in association with systematic postoperative radiotherapy. For those patients whose prognosis remains pejorative, it is necessary to precise the role of radiotherapy in first intention for inoperable tumors, to define necessity for nodal treatment performing and evaluate the place of neo-adjuvant or concomitant chemotherapy in a multimodal strategy. (authors)

Chargari, C.; Bauduceau, O.; Vedrine, L.; Fayolle, M.; Ceccaldi, B. [Hopital d' Instruction des Armees Val-de-Grace, Service d' Oncologie Radiotherapie, 75 - Paris (France); Chargari, C.; Magne, N. [Institut Gustave-Roussy, Dept. de Radiotherapie, 94 - Villejuif (France); Haen, P. [Hopital d' Instruction des Armees Begin, Service de Chirurgie Maxillofaciale et Plastique de la Face, 94 - Vincennes (France); Conessa, C. [Hopital d' Instruction des Armees Val-de-Grace, Clinique d' Otorhinolaryngologie et de Chirurgie Cervicofaciale, 75 - Paris (France)

2009-06-15

230

Análise microbiológica em secreção de seio maxilar nos pacientes com rinossinusite crônica / Maxillary sinuses microbiology from patients with chronic rhinosinusitis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Não existem dados definitivos e consistentes sobre a real distribuição dos microorganismos presentes em pacientes com Rinossinusite Crônica (RSC). A variabilidade dos resultados de estudos em RSC deve-se às diferentes técnicas utilizadas como método de coleta, variações nos métodos de cultura, uso p [...] révio de antibiótico, dificuldade de se distinguir agentes colonizadores e patogênicos. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Clínico-prospectivo. OBJETIVO: Estudar a incidência dos microrganismos presentes nos pacientes com RSC na nossa região, através da cultura da secreção do seio maxilar, coletada sob visão endoscópica. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal em 62 pacientes com RSC, submetidos à coleta de secreção de seio maxilar por via endoscópica, com material enviado para cultura para diagnóstico microbiológico. RESULTADOS: Das 62 amostras estudadas, em 33 (53,2%) não houve crescimento de microrganismos; 29 (45,2%) apresentaram isolamento de aeróbios; um caso (1,6%) mostrou crescimento de fungo; não houve o isolamento de microrganismos anaeróbios. Pseudomonas aeruginosa foi isolada com maior frequência - em 8 amostras (27,6%), Staphylococcus aureus e Staphylococcus epidermidis em 4 amostras cada um (13,9%), Streptococcus pneumoniae em 3 amostras (10,4%), outros Gram-negativos em 17 amostras (31%). CONCLUSÃO: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, outras bactérias Gram-negativas e Staphylococcus spp constituíram a microbiota predominante nos seios paranasais de pacientes com RSC. Abstract in english There isn't definitive and consistent data concerning the distribution of bacterial species in patients with Chronic Sinusitis (CS). The variability of the results from studies in CS may be due to the different techniques used as collection method, variations in culture methods, previous antibiotic [...] use, and difficulty in distinguishing bacterial flora from pathogenic agents. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical prospective. AIM: To identify the incidence of microorganisms in patients with CRS by growing bacteria from the secretion of the maxillary sinus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study in 62 patients that had undergone FESS for treatment of chronic sinusitis; cultures from the maxillary sinus were obtained. RESULTS: 62 samples, 33 (53.2%) had no growth; 29 (45.2%) counts of aerobic bacteria; one case (1.6%) of fungus growth; we did not find anaerobic bacteria. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the one more frequently found - 8 samples (27.6%), Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis in 4 samples each; Streptococcus pneumoniae in 3 samples (10.4%); other Gram negative agents in 17 samples (31%). CONCLUSION: In the present study we concluded that Pseudomonas aeruginosa, other Gram negatives bacteria and Staphylococcus spp were the representatives of the bacterial flora found in the paranasal sinuses of patients with CS.

Karina, Mantovani; Andréia Alessandra, Bisanha; Ricardo Cassiano, Demarco; Edwin, Tamashiro; Roberto, Martinez; Wilma Terezinha, Anselmo-Lima.

2010-10-01

231

Análise microbiológica em secreção de seio maxilar nos pacientes com rinossinusite crônica Maxillary sinuses microbiology from patients with chronic rhinosinusitis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Não existem dados definitivos e consistentes sobre a real distribuição dos microorganismos presentes em pacientes com Rinossinusite Crônica (RSC. A variabilidade dos resultados de estudos em RSC deve-se às diferentes técnicas utilizadas como método de coleta, variações nos métodos de cultura, uso prévio de antibiótico, dificuldade de se distinguir agentes colonizadores e patogênicos. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Clínico-prospectivo. OBJETIVO: Estudar a incidência dos microrganismos presentes nos pacientes com RSC na nossa região, através da cultura da secreção do seio maxilar, coletada sob visão endoscópica. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal em 62 pacientes com RSC, submetidos à coleta de secreção de seio maxilar por via endoscópica, com material enviado para cultura para diagnóstico microbiológico. RESULTADOS: Das 62 amostras estudadas, em 33 (53,2% não houve crescimento de microrganismos; 29 (45,2% apresentaram isolamento de aeróbios; um caso (1,6% mostrou crescimento de fungo; não houve o isolamento de microrganismos anaeróbios. Pseudomonas aeruginosa foi isolada com maior frequência - em 8 amostras (27,6%, Staphylococcus aureus e Staphylococcus epidermidis em 4 amostras cada um (13,9%, Streptococcus pneumoniae em 3 amostras (10,4%, outros Gram-negativos em 17 amostras (31%. CONCLUSÃO: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, outras bactérias Gram-negativas e Staphylococcus spp constituíram a microbiota predominante nos seios paranasais de pacientes com RSC.There isn't definitive and consistent data concerning the distribution of bacterial species in patients with Chronic Sinusitis (CS. The variability of the results from studies in CS may be due to the different techniques used as collection method, variations in culture methods, previous antibiotic use, and difficulty in distinguishing bacterial flora from pathogenic agents. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical prospective. AIM: To identify the incidence of microorganisms in patients with CRS by growing bacteria from the secretion of the maxillary sinus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study in 62 patients that had undergone FESS for treatment of chronic sinusitis; cultures from the maxillary sinus were obtained. RESULTS: 62 samples, 33 (53.2% had no growth; 29 (45.2% counts of aerobic bacteria; one case (1.6% of fungus growth; we did not find anaerobic bacteria. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the one more frequently found - 8 samples (27.6%, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis in 4 samples each; Streptococcus pneumoniae in 3 samples (10.4%; other Gram negative agents in 17 samples (31%. CONCLUSION: In the present study we concluded that Pseudomonas aeruginosa, other Gram negatives bacteria and Staphylococcus spp were the representatives of the bacterial flora found in the paranasal sinuses of patients with CS.

Karina Mantovani

2010-10-01

232

Maxillary sinus floor elevation using BMP-2 and Nell-1 gene-modified bone marrow stromal cells and TCP in rabbits.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study evaluated the synergistic osteogenic effect of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and Nel-like molecule-1 (Nell-1) genes in a rabbit maxillary sinus floor elevation model. Bone marrow stromal cells (bMSCs) were cultured and transduced with AdEGFP, AdNell-1, AdBMP-2, or AdNell-1 + AdBMP-2 overexpression virus. These gene-modified autologous bMSCs were then combined with a ?-tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP) granule scaffold and used to elevate the maxillary sinus floor in rabbits. bMSCs cotransduced with AdNell-1 + AdBMP-2 demonstrated a synergistic effect on osteogenic differentiation as detected by real-time PCR analysis on markers of runt-related transcription factor-2, osteocalcin, collagen type 1, alkaline phosphatase activity, and calcium deposits in vitro. As for maxillary sinus floor elevation in a rabbit model in vivo, AdNell-1 + AdBMP-2 gene-transduced autologeous bMSCs/?-TCP complex had the largest bone area and most mature bone structure among the groups, as detected by HE staining and immunohistochemistry at weeks 2 and 8 after implantation. Our data suggested that the BMP-2 and Nell-1 genes possessed a synergistic effect on osteogenic differentiation of bMSCs, while bMSCs modified with the BMP-2 and Nell-1 genes could promote new bone formation and maturation in the rabbit maxillary sinus model. PMID:21584647

Xia, Lunguo; Xu, Yuanjin; Chang, Qing; Sun, Xiaojuan; Zeng, Deliang; Zhang, Wenjie; Zhang, Xiuli; Zhang, Zhiyuan; Jiang, Xinquan

2011-07-01

233

Maxillary sinus floor elevation using a tissue-engineered bone with rhBMP-2-loaded porous calcium phosphate cement scaffold and bone marrow stromal cells in rabbits.  

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of maxillary sinus floor elevation by a tissue-engineered bone complex with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2)-loaded porous calcium phosphate cement (CPC) scaffold and bone marrow stromal cells (bMSCs) in rabbits. bMSCs were cultured and osteogenically induced. The osteoblastic differentiation of expanded bMSCs was detected by alkaline phosphatase activity, and calcium deposits in vitro. Thirty-six rabbits were randomly allocated into week 2, 4 and 8 observation groups. At each time point, 24 maxillary sinus floor elevation surgeries in 12 rabbits were performed bilaterally and randomly implanted by (1) CPC materials alone (group A, n = 6), (2) rhBMP-2/CPC composite materials alone (group B, n = 6), (3) CPC/bMSCs complex (group C, n = 6) and (4) rhBMP-2/CPC/bMSCs complex (group D, n = 6). As for maxillary sinus floor elevation, rhBMP-2-loaded CPC could promote new bone formation as compared to CPC, while addition of bMSCs could further enhance its new bone formation and maturity significantly, as detected by histological findings, and fluorochrome labeling. Our data suggested that rhBMP-2/CPC possessed excellent osteoinductive ability, while combining with bMSCs could further promote new bone formation and maturation in maxillary sinus elevation. PMID:21494013

Xia, Lunguo; Xu, Yuanjin; Wei, Jie; Zeng, Deliang; Ye, Dongxia; Liu, Changsheng; Zhang, Zhiyuan; Jiang, Xinquan

2011-01-01

234

Sinus lifting before Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy: a suitable method for oral rehabilitation of edentulous patients with skelettal class-III conditions: review of the literature and report of a case  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Functional rehabilitation of patients afflicted with severe mandibular and maxillary alveolar atrophy might be challenging especially in malformed patients. Methods Treatment planning using sinus lifting and implant placement before Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy in a patient with severe mandibular and posterior maxillary alveolar atrophy and skelettal class-III conditions due to cleft palate are described. Results A full functional and esthetic rehabilitation of the patient was achieved by a stepwise surgical approach performed through sinus lifting as the primary approach followed by implant placement and subsequent Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy to correct the maxillo-mandibular relation. Conclusion Stabilisation of the maxillary complex by a sinus lifting procedure in combination with computer aided implant placement as preorthodontic planning procedure before Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy seems to be suitable in order to allow ideal oral rehabilitation especially in malformed patients.

Meyer Ulrich

2007-01-01

235

Studies on serum protein fractions of patients with maxillary sinus cancer undergoing a combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

39 cases of maxillary sinus cancer were treated with combined intra-arterial infusion of bleomycin and external irradiation of 60Co?-ray. Serum protein fractions in the sera of 39 cases of maxillary sinus cancer were examined through the radial immunodiffusion method, 1) before radiation treatment was given, 2) at the completion of radiation therapy and 3) after radiation therapy, ranging from 1 month to 36 months. The sera obtained from patients with maxillary sinus cancer before treatment had concentrations of: ?1-acid glycoprotein (?1AG), ?1-antitrypsin (?1AT), ?1-chymotrypsin (?1X), haptoglobin (Hp), ceruloplasmin (Cp), ?1C/A glycoprotein (C3), hemopexin (Hx), IgG and of IgA which were elevated compared with those of normal controls: However, the serum concentrations of: prealbumin (Prealb), albumin (Alb), transferrin (Tf), ?2-macroglobulin (?2M), HS-glycoprotein (?2HS) and of IgM were reduced significantly. At the completion of radiation therapy, the concentrations of: Prealb, Tf, ?1AG, ?1X, Hx, C3, IgG, IgA and of IgM rose slightly as compared with levels before radiation therapy, and the concentrations of Alb, of ?2HS and of ?1AT were reduced. However, there was no significant difference between the former and the latter data. In patients who died within 12 monthts who died within 12 months after treatment, the Prealb, Alb, Tf, ?2HS, and IgM levels examined before radiation therapy were reduced and the ?1AG level was elevated compared with those who had lived more than 13 months. The Prealb, Alb, Tf, and IgM levels, after radiation therapy were reduced; while the ?1AG, Hp, and ?1X levels were elevated. In patients who had lived more than 13 months, after treatment, concentrations of Prealb, of Alb, of Tf, of C3, of Hx, of IgG, of IgA and of IgM rose before and after radiation therapy, compared with those who died within 12 months. (author)

236

Quantitative analyses of maxillary sinus using computed tomography / Análise quantitativa dos seios maxilares por meio da tomografia computadorizada  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a precisão e acurácia de medidas lineares da região de seio maxilar realizadas em filmes tomográficos, por meio de comparação com a reconstrução da imagem em 3D. Medidas lineares de ambos os seios maxilares foram realizadas em tomografias computadorizadas (2D-TC [...] ) de 17 pacientes, normais e com lesão, por dois examinadores, calibrados, separadamente, duas vezes cada um, utilizando um compasso. Um terceiro observador realizou as mesmas medidas eletronicamente na reconstrução 3D-TC. ANOVA (análise de variância) foi utilizado para análise estatística. A porcentagem de erro intra-examinadores foi pequena em ambos os casos, com ou sem lesão, variando de 1,14% a 1,82%. O erro inter-examinadores foi maior alcançando o valor de 2,08% .O erro percentual de acurácia nas amostras com lesão foram maiores comparando-as às que não tinham lesão. A tomografia computadorizada em 2D-TC (Em filmes e estação de trabalho independente) proporcionou precisão e acurácia adequadas para análise dos seios maxilares. "O erro foi maior no caso de seios maxilares com lesão,comparando aos lados sem lesão, tanto inter quanto intra-examinadores, sem alterar, porém, a eficácia do método." Abstract in english The aim of this study was to evaluate the precision and accuracy of linear measurements of maxillary sinus made in tomographic films, by comparing with 3D reconstructed images. Linear measurements of both maxillary sinus in computed tomography CT of 17 patients, with or without lesion by two calibra [...] ted examiners independently, on two occasions, with a single manual caliper. A third examiner has done the same measurements electronically in 3D-CT reconstruction. The statistical analysis was performed using ANOVA (analyses of variance). Intra-observer percentage error was little in both cases, with and without lesion; it ranged from 1.14% to 1.82%. The inter-observer error was a little higher reaching a 2.08% value. The accuracy presented a higher value. The perceptual accuracy error was higher in samples, which had lesion compared to that which had not. CT had provided adequate precision and accuracy for maxillary sinus analyses. The precision in cases with lesion was considered inferior when compared to that without lesion, but it can't affect the method efficacy.

Andréia, Perella; Sara dos Santos, Rocha; Marcelo de Gusmão Paraiso, Cavalcanti.

2003-09-01

237

Complementary role of MR imaging of ethmomaxillary sinus disease depicted at CT in cystic fibrosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To assess whether MR imaging can improve characterization of ethmomaxillary opacification diagnosed at CT in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) in order to select patients that may benefit from functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Material and methods: Sixty-two CF patients (26 females and 36 males) aged 4-50 years (median 20 years) with ethmomaxillary sinus disease at CT underwent MR examination of the paranasal sinuses (coronal T1 and STIR sequences). FESS had been performed in 28 of the patients prior to this study. MR signal intensities were interpreted as mucosal thickening or infectious material, according to a previous study. Results: Three major maxillary sinus MR patterns could be distinguished: Air-filled, oval-shaped pus-filled, and streaky-shaped pus-filled sinus lumen. For air-filled maxillary sinuses with mucosal thickening, CT and MR imaging were diagnostically equivalent. Where CT showed homogeneous opacification of the maxillary sinuses, MR imaging differentiated between thickened mucosa and pus-filled areas. Patients who had undergone FESS most commonly had air-filled or streaky-shaped pus-filled maxillary sinus lumen. In non-operated patients oval-shaped pus-filled sinus lumen was most common and could occur without ethmoid disease. Conclusion: MR imaging of the paranasal sinuses can differentiate between infectious material and thickened mucosa and should be used to select CF patients with pus-filled areas that can be eradicated with FESS areas that can be eradicated with FESS

238

Bilateral SUNCT syndrome associated to chronic maxillary sinus disease Síndrome SUNCT de ocorrência bilateral associada a sinusopatia maxilar crônica  

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Full Text Available SUNCT syndrome (short lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with conjuntival injection and tearing is defined as short attacks of periorbital unilateral pain and accompanied by ipsilateral lacrimation and redness of the same eye. We present an unusual SUNCT case with bilateral pain that started five years ago after an acute maxillary sinus infection that evolved to chronic sinusitis. This association has been described in few SUNCT cases, but its causal role remains uncertain. The patient was a 58 years old man that fulfilled a headache diary that showed the usual circadian pattern, worsening in the morning and afternoon, and responded to treatment with gabapentina. He was submitted to a functional endoscopic sinus surgery and evolved with milder pain. In a review of 21 patients, 5 had a past medical history of sinusitis, but the causal role of this association remained uncertain.A síndrome SUNCT (short lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with conjuntival injection and tearing é definida como curtos ataques de dor periorbital unilateral, acompanhada de lacrimejamento e hiperemia conjuntival ipsilateral. Apresentamos um raro caso de SUNCT com dor bilateral com evolução de cinco anos e iniciado após uma infecção de seio maxilar que evoluiu para sinusite crônica. Esta associação foi descrita em poucos casos de SUNCT, porém pouco esclarecida. O paciente era um homem de 58 anos que preencheu um diário de dor que demonstrou o típico padrão circadiano da síndrome, com pioras matinais e vespertinas, e apresentou melhora com uso de gabapentina. Submetido a cirurgia endoscópica funcional em seio maxilar e evoluiu com modulação da dor, sugerindo um potencial efeito benéfico após tratamento da sinusopatia.Na revisão de literatura encontramos 21 casos de SUNCT bilateral, cinco dos quais apresentavam história de sinusite; no entanto, a relação entre as duas entidades permanece ainda incerta.

Denis Bernardi Bichuetti

2006-06-01

239

Keratocystic odontogenic tumor invading the maxillary sinus: a case report of collaborative surgery between an oral surgeon and an otorhinolaryngologist.  

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We report a case of keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT) in a 21-year-old female patient. The patient was referred to our clinic from a dental clinic for the radical treatment of recurrent KCOT in the maxilla. She had undergone conservative drainage surgery twice at that clinic.The tumor was cystic and covered with a bony capsule, which extended high into the maxillary sinus. A pinhole fistula, which was created during a previous surgery, was identified in the gingivobuccal sulcus. The whole tumor was successfully removed using a bidirectional approach from the fistula and from the antrostomy in the middle meatus. This report shows that the intimate collaboration between an otorhinolaryngologist and an oral surgeon could provide a minimally invasive, and at the same time, radical surgical treatment for certain kinds of tumor in the head and neck region. We also recommend the introduction of endoscopic surgeries by the oral surgeon. PMID:25501756

Kunihiro, Takanobu; Kawana, Hiromasa; Kodaka, Rie; Oba, Toshihiko

2014-12-01

240

Use of piezosurgery during maxillary sinus elevation: clinical results of 40 consecutive cases.  

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of piezoelectric devices during sinus elevation to determine the percentage of sinus membrane perforation and the time required to perform the antrostomy and elevation of the membrane. A total of 35 patients and 40 grafted sinuses were included. The parameters recorded were bony window length and height, bone thickness, osteotomy area, operative time, and number of perforations. Seven (17.5%) membrane perforations were observed, which were repaired with resorbable membranes. The mean length, height, and thickness of the osteotomy were 13.8 ± 2.9 mm, 6.9 ± 1.4 mm, and 1.4 ± 0.4 mm, respectively. The mean osteotomy area was 96.8 ± 32.2 mm(2), and the mean operative time was 10.3 ± 2.1 minutes. This study demonstrated that a piezoelectric device could be an attractive alternative for successful sinus augmentation. PMID:23057061

Cassetta, Michele; Ricci, Laura; Iezzi, Giovanna; Calasso, Sabrina; Piattelli, Adriano; Perrotti, Vittoria

2012-12-01

241

Estudio Morfométrico del Seno Maxilar Mediante Tomografías Computadorizadas: Evaluación de la Reconstrucción Total de Piso Sinusal Morphometric Study of Maxillary Sinus by Computed Tomography: Assessment of Sinus Floor Bone Reconstruction  

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Full Text Available La rehabilitación con implantes dentales en maxila posterior es compleja debido a la presencia del seno maxilar con sus diferentes variaciones anatómicas; el objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar el volumen óseo intrasinusal necesario para realizar la instalación de uno o mas implantes dentarios sin invadir la membrana sinusal. En 22 cráneos fueron evaluados 40 senos maxilares mediante tomografías computadorizadas (TC realizando mediciones en los cortes axiales, coronales y sagitales. Se clasificaron los senos maxilares según el remanente de hueso alveolar y se instalo un implante de forma virtual en el lugar del primer molar superior, mediante el software implant view. Con estas medidas volumétricas finales se estableció las indicaciones reconstructivas intra sinusales a partir de los sitios donantes intrabucales mas frecuentemente evaluados en la literatura mundial. El grupo I (1mm a 4mm de reborde alveolar remanente presentaba déficit óseo de hasta 1,98cm3, el grupo II (4mm a 7mm presentaba déficit de 1,06cm3; el grupo III (7mm a 10mm presentaba un déficit de 0,67 cm3; a partir de estos resultados podemos concluir que los sitios intrabucales pueden ser utilizados en la mayoría de los grupo estudiados, incluyendo las reconstrucciones bilaterales.Rehabilitation with dental implants in posterior maxilla is difficult because of the presence of maxillary sinus with anatomical variations. The aim of this research was to evaluate the sinus volume to install one or more implants without invading the sinus membrane. Forty (40 maxillary sinuses were evaluated in 22 skulls by computed tomography measuring in the axial, coronal and sagittal slice. The sinus were classified according to the remaining alveolar bone and a dental implant in the place of the upper first molar was virtually installed by implant view software. With this final volumetric measurement the surgical indications were established for inlay reconstruction from intra oral donor sites frequently evaluated in world literature. Group I (1mm to 4mm of alveolar ridge showed a bone deficit of 1.98 cm3, group II (4mm to 7mm showed a deficit of 1.06 cm3; group III (7mm to 10mm showed a 0.67 cm3 deficit. In view of these results we concluded that intra oral donor site can be used for the three study groups and in some cases in bilateral reconstruction.

Paulo Hemerson de Moraes

2012-06-01

242

Estudio Morfométrico del Seno Maxilar Mediante Tomografías Computadorizadas: Evaluación de la Reconstrucción Total de Piso Sinusal / Morphometric Study of Maxillary Sinus by Computed Tomography: Assessment of Sinus Floor Bone Reconstruction  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La rehabilitación con implantes dentales en maxila posterior es compleja debido a la presencia del seno maxilar con sus diferentes variaciones anatómicas; el objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar el volumen óseo intrasinusal necesario para realizar la instalación de uno o mas implantes dentarios s [...] in invadir la membrana sinusal. En 22 cráneos fueron evaluados 40 senos maxilares mediante tomografías computadorizadas (TC) realizando mediciones en los cortes axiales, coronales y sagitales. Se clasificaron los senos maxilares según el remanente de hueso alveolar y se instalo un implante de forma virtual en el lugar del primer molar superior, mediante el software implant view. Con estas medidas volumétricas finales se estableció las indicaciones reconstructivas intra sinusales a partir de los sitios donantes intrabucales mas frecuentemente evaluados en la literatura mundial. El grupo I (1mm a 4mm de reborde alveolar remanente) presentaba déficit óseo de hasta 1,98cm3, el grupo II (4mm a 7mm) presentaba déficit de 1,06cm3; el grupo III (7mm a 10mm) presentaba un déficit de 0,67 cm3; a partir de estos resultados podemos concluir que los sitios intrabucales pueden ser utilizados en la mayoría de los grupo estudiados, incluyendo las reconstrucciones bilaterales. Abstract in english Rehabilitation with dental implants in posterior maxilla is difficult because of the presence of maxillary sinus with anatomical variations. The aim of this research was to evaluate the sinus volume to install one or more implants without invading the sinus membrane. Forty (40) maxillary sinuses wer [...] e evaluated in 22 skulls by computed tomography measuring in the axial, coronal and sagittal slice. The sinus were classified according to the remaining alveolar bone and a dental implant in the place of the upper first molar was virtually installed by implant view software. With this final volumetric measurement the surgical indications were established for inlay reconstruction from intra oral donor sites frequently evaluated in world literature. Group I (1mm to 4mm of alveolar ridge) showed a bone deficit of 1.98 cm3, group II (4mm to 7mm) showed a deficit of 1.06 cm3; group III (7mm to 10mm) showed a 0.67 cm3 deficit. In view of these results we concluded that intra oral donor site can be used for the three study groups and in some cases in bilateral reconstruction.

Paulo Hemerson, de Moraes; Marcelo Victor Omena Caldas, Costa; Sergio, Olate; Paulo Henrique Ferreira, Caria; José Ricardo de Albergaria, Barbosa.

2012-06-01

243

Combined therapy with surgery, radiation and chemotherapy for T3-T4 squamous cell carcinoma of maxillary sinus. National Cancer Center Hospital East experience  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Since 1960's, many institutes treated carcinoma of maxillary sinus with combined therapy: surgery, radiation, and intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy in Japan. On the other hands, surgery followed by radiation or chemoradiation is the standard option of treatment for sinonasal carcinoma in western countries. This study reports the NCCHE's 14-year experience with maxillary squamous cell cancer, treated with surgical resection followed by radiation, or trimodal combination therapy. Eighty-seven previously untreated, T3-T4 status patients with squamous cell carcinoma of maxillary sinus underwent treatment at our division. During the average follow-up period of 85.9 months, the 5-year overall survival and local control rate were 47.3% and 60%, respectively. The 5-year overall survival among the patients had T3 and T4a tumor were 59.0% and 51.6%. However, all patients with T4b tumor died, their median survival time was 9.1 months. Almost all patients had T3 and T4b were treated with trimodal therapy, a third patient of T4a status underwent treatment with surgery followed by radiation. There was no difference in overall survival according to treatment in T4a patients. We should consider the other approach for treatment, like superselective high-dose cisplatin infusion with concomitant radiotherapy in patients with advanced cancer of maxillary sinus in future. (author)

244

Granuloma reparativo de células gigantes dos seios etmoidal e maxilar Giant cell reparative granuloma of the ethmoid and maxillary sinuses  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O granuloma reparativo de células gigantes é um tumor ósseo não-neoplásico incomum que representa menos que 7% dos tumores mandibulares, sua localização mais freqüente. Porém, já foi descrito em seios paranasais, ossos temporais e órbita. O presente trabalho descreve um paciente com granuloma reparativo de células gigantes em seios maxilar e etmoidal, comprometendo também, em menor extensão, os seios esfenoidal e frontal, e um outro paciente com acometimento circunscrito ao seio maxilar. Clinicamente, apresentam-se com proptose acentuada e macromala unilaterais, respectivamente. Os achados clínicos, tomográficos, histopatológicos e terapêuticos são descritos, ao lado de uma revisão da literatura com ênfase no diagnóstico diferencial, sobretudo com o tumor de células gigantes.The giant cell reparative granuloma is a non-neoplasic and uncommon bone tumor that represents fewer than 7% of the mandibular tumors, its most frequent site. However, this tumor has been described in paranasal sinuses, temporal bones and orbit. The present article reports a patient with a maxillo-ethmoidal giant cell reparative granuloma affecting esphenoidal and frontal sinuses, clinically with unilateral severe proptosis and facial deformity, and other patient with maxillary disease associated to macromala. The clinical, tomographic, histophatological and therapeutical findings are described. In addition, a literature review with emphasis in differential diagnosis is offered, in particular with bone giant cell tumor.

Fernando P. Gaspar Sobrinho

2004-08-01

245

Brown tumor of the maxillary sinus in a patient with primary hyperparathyroidism: a case report  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Introduction Brown tumors are rare focal giant-cell lesions that arise as a direct result of the effect of parathyroid hormone on bone tissue in some patients with hyperparathyroidism. Brown tumors can affect the mandible, maxilla, clavicle, ribs, and pelvic bones. Therefore, diagnosis requires a systemic investigation for lesion differentiation. Case presentation We present a 42-year-old Greek woman, with a rare case of brown tumor of the maxillary sin...

Proimos Efklidis; Chimona Theognosia S; Tamiolakis Dimetrio; Tzanakakis Michalis G; Papadakis Chariton E

2009-01-01

246

Fine-needle aspiration biopsy as an initial diagnostic modality in a clinically unsuspected case of invasive maxillary fungal sinusitis: A case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cases of invasive fungal lesions involving the paranasal sinuses are generally diagnosed either on histologic examination or on fungal culture. Here, we report a case of invasive fungal sinusitis diagnosed primarily by a fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB).Our patient was a 36-year-old male who presented with a history of slowly progressive, painless swelling over the left cheek. The only positive clinical finding was a bony hard swelling in the left maxillary region, which was clinically interpreted as "fibrous dysplasia." A computed tomographic (CT) examination of the paranasal sinuses showed a soft tissue attenuation lesion involving the bilateral maxillae, with the destruction of multiple bones and involvement of multiple sinuses and the bilateral orbits. FNAB of the maxillary swelling showed several giant cells, many of them exhibiting ingested organisms with a morphologic resemblance to the Aspergillus species of fungi. Strikingly, no significant inflammatory cells were seen on cytologic smears. Unfortunately, owing to a lack of initial clinical suspicion, as well as the patient's loss to further follow-up, a culture/histopathologic examination could not be carried out.This case is presented chiefly to highlight the clinical utility of a simple FNAB procedure, as an initial diagnostic modality in cases of fungal sinusitis, which can masquerade clinically as a neoplastic lesion. In addition, if radiologic findings are also available at the time of cytologic examination, a pretherapeutic comment on the invasive nature of the lesion can also be made. PMID:19894266

Singh, Neha; Siddaraju, Neelaiah; Kumar, Surendra; Muniraj, Femela; Bakshi, Satvinder; Gopalakrishnan, Suryanarayanan

2010-04-01

247

Primary small cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus: a case report with immunohistochemical and molecular genetic study involving KIT and PDGFRA  

OpenAIRE

Primary small cell carcinoma of the nose and paranasal sinuses is very rare; only a few reports are present in the English literature. The author herein reports a very rare case of primary small cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus with an emphasis on immunohistochemistry and on KIT and PDGFRA. A 64-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of left nasal obstruction. Endoscopy revealed three nasal polyps, and imaging modalities revealed an infiltrative tumor (45 x 45 mm) in the left ...

Terada, Tadashi

2012-01-01

248

Advanced Maxillary Sinus Cancer Treated with Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy with Intra-Arterial Cisplatin/Docetaxel and Oral S-1: Own Experience and Literature Review  

OpenAIRE

Intra-arterial (IA) chemotherapy for head and neck cancer is effective and multiple IA concurrent chemoradiation (CCRT) protocols have been reported. However, the role of IA CCRT in the multimodality treatment of head and neck cancer is still controversial. We have treated 5 cases of unresectable T4 maxillary sinus squamous cell carcinoma with IA cisplatin (CDDP) and docetaxel (DOC) and CCRT with oral S-1. We report our experience and the effectiveness and feasibility of this combination as a...

Nakashima, Torahiko; Yasumatsu, Ryuji; Toh, Satoshi; Shiratsuchi, Hideki; Kamitani, Takeshi; Shioyama, Yoshiyuki; Nakamura, Katsumasa; Komune, Shizuo

2011-01-01

249

Volumetric changes of the graft after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone in different ratios : a radiographic study in minipigs  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Objective: The objective of the present study was to learn about the volumetric changes of the graft after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone from the iliac crest or the mandible in different ratios in minipigs. Material and methods: Bilateral maxillary sinus floor augmentation was performed in 40 minipigs with: (A) 100% autogenous bone, (B) 75% autogenous bone and 25% Bio-Oss, (C) 50% autogenous bone and 50% Bio-Oss, (D) 25% autogenous bone and 75% Bio-Oss, and (E) 100% Bio-Oss. The autogenous bone graft was harvested from the iliac crest or the mandible and the graft composition was selected at random and placed concomitant with implant placement. Computed tomographies of the maxillary sinuses were obtained preoperatively, immediately postoperatively, and at euthanasia after 12 weeks. The volumetric changes of the graft were estimated using the Cavalieri principle and expressed as mean percentage with a 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: The mean volume of the graft was reduced by (A) 65% (95% CI: 60-70%), (B) 38% (95% CI: 35-41%), (C) 23% (95% CI: 21-25%), (D) 16% (95% CI: 12-21%), and (E) 6% (95% CI: 4-8%). The volumetric reduction was significantly influenced by the ratio of Bio-Oss and autogenous bone (P

Jensen, Thomas; Schou, SØren

2012-01-01

250

Volumetric changes of the graft after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone in different ratios: a radiographic study in minipigs  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Objective: The objective of the present study was to learn about the volumetric changes of the graft after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone from the iliac crest or the mandible in different ratios in minipigs. Material and methods: Bilateral maxillary sinus floor augmentation was performed in 40 minipigs with: (A) 100% autogenous bone, (B) 75% autogenous bone and 25% Bio-Oss, (C) 50% autogenous bone and 50% Bio-Oss, (D) 25% autogenous bone and 75% Bio-Oss, and (E) 100% Bio-Oss. The autogenous bone graft was harvested from the iliac crest or the mandible and the graft composition was selected at random and placed concomitant with implant placement. Computed tomographies of the maxillary sinuses were obtained preoperatively, immediately postoperatively, and at euthanasia after 12 weeks. The volumetric changes of the graft were estimated using the Cavalieri principle and expressed as mean percentage with a 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: The mean volume of the graft was reduced by (A) 65% (95% CI: 60-70%), (B) 38% (95% CI: 35-41%), (C) 23% (95% CI: 21-25%), (D) 16% (95% CI: 12-21%), and (E) 6% (95% CI: 4-8%). The volumetric reduction was significantly influenced by the ratio of Bio-Oss and autogenous bone (P

Jensen, Thomas; Schou, SØren

2012-01-01

251

Effect of LCD monitor type and observer experience on diagnostic performance in soft-copy interpretations of the maxillary sinus on panoramic radiographs  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of liquid crystal display (LCD) monitor type and observer experience on the diagnostic performance in soft-copy interpretations of maxillary sinus inflammatory lesions on panoramic radiographs. Ninety maxillary sinuses on panoramic images were grouped into negative and positive groups according to the presence of inflammatory lesions, using CT for confirmation. Monochrome and color LCDs were used. Six observers participated and ROC analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic performance. The reading time, fatigue score, and inter-/intra-observer agreements were assessed. The interpretation of maxillary sinus inflammatory lesions was affected by the LCD monitor type used and by the experience of the observer. The reading time was not significantly different, however the fatigue score was significantly different between two LCD monitors. Inter-observer agreement was relatively good in experienced observers, while the intra-observer agreement for all observers was good with monochrome LCD but not with color LCD. The less experienced observers showed lowered diagnostic ability with a general color LCD.

Kim, Tae Young; Choi, Jin Woo; Lee, Sam Sun; Huh, Kyung Hoe; Yi, Won Jin; Heo, Min Suk; Choi, Soon Chul [School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2011-03-15

252

A colliding maxillary sinus cancer of adenosquamous carcinoma and small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma - a case report with EGFR copy number analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SNEC of maxillary sinus is a rare and aggressive malignancy. A tumor with squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and SNEC co-existence is extremely rare. Case presentation We present a colliding tumor of squamous cell, adenocarcinoma and SNEC in maxillary sinus. The clinical features, diagnosis and EGFR flourescence in situ hybridization (FISH study are presented. A 52-year-old female had a 1-month history of progressing left cheek swelling and purulent rhinorrhea. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a tumor involving left maxilla and orbital floor. Excision of tumor was done and the defect was reconstructed with free flap. The pathology revealed a malignant tumor composed of squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and SNEC components. EGFR FISH study showed no gene amplification in 3 components of this tumor. The tumor progressed rapidly and the patient expired at 8 months after surgery. Conclusion A colliding tumor of squamous cell, adenocarcinoma and neuroendocrine carcinoma in maxillary sinus was aggressive in behavior and the treatment response was poor due to the complexity of tumor.

Lee Li-Yu

2010-10-01

253

Benign neurilemmoma in the infratemporal fossa involving maxillary sinus and pterygopalatine fossa  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Neurilemmoma is a benign tumor of the nerve sheath that arises on cranial and spinal nerve roots as well as along the course of peripheral nerves. A case of a neurilemmoma that arose in the left infratemporal fossa of a 29- year-old male was presented. Plain radiographs, enhanced computed tomography scan, and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a large, well-circumscribed, heterogeneously enhanced mass with extension into the pterygopalatine fossa. Displaced by the large mass, bowing-in of the posterior maxillary antral wall was noted and a provisional diagnosis of a benign soft tissue tumor was made. The mass was completely excised and a diagnosis of neurilemmoma was confirmed.

Choi, Jin Woo; Heo, Min Suk; Lee, Jin Koo; Yi, Won Jin; Lee, Sam Sun; Choi, Soon Chul [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); An, Chang Hyeon [Kyungpook National University College of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

2004-12-15

254

Sinus Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... overgrown mucosa, known as a ‘polyp.’ Polyps can result from repeated infections and inflammation of the mucosa. ... taken to see the sinuses inside the head. Blood and allergy tests may also be done to try to determine ...

255

Sinus Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... and dust. The sinuses are lined by special cells called mucosa that secrete ‘mucus,’ ... Turbinates are bones that hang from the walls of the nose. If the mucosa that lines ...

256

Relative area measurement of maxillary sinus by computed tomography / Mensuração da área relativa do seio maxilar por meio da tomografia computadorizada  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar a área relativa do seio maxilar em maxila desdentada posterior quanto à área linear, presença de septos ósseos e sinusopatias. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo longitudinal retrospectivo de exames tomográficos em 60 indivíduos entre 35 e 75 anos e como critério de inclusão, a [...] maxila posterior desdentada uni ou bilateralmente. As medições foram realizadas pelo programa em 101 seios maxilares. As medidas horizontais e verticais de cada seio foram multiplicadas e resultaram em área linear em mm². RESULTADOS: Dos 101 seios maxilares avaliados, 14 apresentaram sinusopatias (13,86%) e 22 (21,78%) com septos ósseos. A média mesio distal foi de 38,4 mm (p ? 0,05), a altura média de 34, 5 mm (p ? 0,05) e área linear média de 1335,88 mm² (p = 0,05). Foi aplicado o teste t de Student e análise de variância (ANOVA) para análise estatística. Não houve diferenças estatísticas significantes na altura e largura dos seios maxilares desdentados entre os gêneros, mas houve uma variação da área linear bem como a constatação da presença de septos ósseos e sinusopatias. CONCLUSÃO: A conclusão deste trabalho corrobora com estudos anteriores sobre a necessidade dos exames por imagem com a finalidade de obter informações quanto as dimensões do seio maxilar norteando a quantidade de material de enxertia bem como a escolha da região doadora, a presença de septos orientando a técnica de levantamento de seio e a presença de sinusopatias que implica em tratamento prévio à cirurgia de enxertos. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relative area of the maxillary sinus in edentulous posterior maxilla with regard to linear area, bone septa and sinus pathologies. METHODS: A retrospective longitudinal study was conducted of tomographic exams in 60 individuals between 35 and 75 years of age, with th [...] e inclusion criteria being the uni- or bilateral edentulous posterior maxilla. Measurements were taken by the program in 101 maxillary sinuses. The horizontal and vertical measurements of each sinus were multiplied and resulted in a linear area in mm2. RESULTS: Of the 101 maxillary sinuses evaluated, 14 presented sinus pathologies (13.86%) and 22 (21.78%) with bone septa. The mean mesio distal distance was 38.4 mm (p ? 0.05), mean height 34. 5 mm (p ? 0.05) and mean linear area of 1335.88 mm² (p = 0.05). The Student's-t and analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests were applied for statistical analysis There were no statistically significant difference in the height and width of the edentulous maxillary sinuses between genders, but there was a variation in the linear area and the finding of the presence of bone septa and sinus pathologies. CONCLUSION: The conclusion of this study corroborates those of previous study about the need for imaging exams with the purpose of obtaining information about the dimensions of the maxillary sinus, as guidance with regard to the quantity of graft material, choice of donor region, and presence of septa. These data serve as guidance in the sinus lift technique and the presence of sinus pathologies, which involve treatment before bone graft surgeries.

Ronaldo Andrade Figueiredo de, OLIVEIRA; Maria Cristina, PEDRAZINI; Thomaz, WASSALL.

2014-06-01

257

Squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus and the oral part of the upper jaw. Comparison of treatment results  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The treatment results were compared in 77 patients with maxillary sinus squamous cell carcinoma (MC) and 53 patients with squamous cell carcinoma arising from the oral part of the upper law (OC). Both sets of patients received radiotherapy alone, or radiotherapy combined with surgery and/or chemotherapy. Computerized tomography was useful for the definition of the treatment volume. Intraarterial chemotherapy was given in 89 of 130 patients and in these patients the total radiation dose was reduced by about 10 Gy. No difference was found in the 5-year survival rate between the MC (65%) and the OC (66%) groups. The cumulative incidence of local failure was higher in MC (36%) than in OC (26%), whereas the ultimate incidence of neck node metastasis was higher in OC (43%) than in MC patients (18%). Half of the inoperable patients (9/18) were older than 80 years and had contraindications to anaesthesia and major surgery. The local recurrence rate was high in the inoperable MC patients (6/8). Contralateral simus cancers occurred in 4 patients in the MC group. (orig.)

258

Squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus and the oral part of the upper jaw. Comparison of treatment results  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The treatment results were compared in 77 patients with maxillary sinus squamous cell carcinoma (MC) and 53 patients with squamous cell carcinoma arising from the oral part of the upper law (OC). Both sets of patients received radiotherapy alone, or radiotherapy combined with surgery and/or chemotherapy. Computerized tomography was useful for the definition of the treatment volume. Intraarterial chemotherapy was given in 89 of 130 patients and in these patients the total radiation dose was reduced by about 10 Gy. No difference was found in the 5-year survival rate between the MC (65%) and the OC (66%) groups. The cumulative incidence of local failure was higher in MC (36%) than in OC (26%), whereas the ultimate incidence of neck node metastasis was higher in OC (43%) than in MC patients (18%). Half of the inoperable patients (9/18) were older than 80 years and had contraindications to anaesthesia and major surgery. The local recurrence rate was high in the inoperable MC patients (6/8). Contralateral simus cancers occurred in 4 patients in the MC group. (orig.).

Shibuya, Hitoshi (Dept. of Radiology, Tokyo Medical and Dental Univ. (Japan)); Hoshina, Masao (Dept. of Radiology, Tokyo Medical and Dental Univ. (Japan)); Shagdarsuren, M. (Dept. of Radiology, Tokyo Medical and Dental Univ. (Japan)); Hoshi, Akihiko (Dept. of Radiology, Tohoku Univ. (Japan)); Matsumoto, Satoru (Dept. of Radiology, Tokyo Medical and Dental Univ. (Japan)); Suzuki, Soji (Dept. of Radiology, Tokyo Medical and Dental Univ. (Japan)); Amagasa, Teruo (Dept. of Maxillofacial Surgery, Tokyo Medical and Dental Univ. (Japan))

1994-01-01

259

The foramen and infraorbital nerve relating to the surgery for external access to the maxillary sinus (CALDWELL-LUC  

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Full Text Available Introduction: The infraorbital nerve and foramen are bilateral structures, located below the lower edge of orbit (1,2,5,9,10,11,12, and are important surgical parameters for external access to the maxillary sinus (CaldwellLuc, representing its upper limit (4, 13. Objective: Establishing a safe average distance between the first premolar tooth alveolus top up to the foramen and infraorbital nerve, during the CaldwellLuc surgery. Method: We have analyzed 32 formolized heads of Brazilian adult corpses, without distinction of age, sex and race, within the period of February through July 2004. Surgical approach was made by CaldwellLuc passage, up to the complete exposure of infraorbital nerve and foramen where we delineated an imaginary line from the top of the first premolar tooth alveolus up to the foramen, and measured by using a pachymeter. Results: The general average distance between the structures mentioned was of 3.34cm with standard deviation of 0.52cm. The greater distance found was of 4,5 cm and the minor was of 2.5 cm bilaterally. Conclusion: When we know this region safe distance surgical access, we find less damage to the innervation that causes less intense subjective and less persistent symptoms in the post-operative period.

Fabi, Ricardo Pereira

2008-09-01

260

Orthovoltage radiation therapy treatment planning using Monte Carlo simulation: treatment of neuroendocrine carcinoma of the maxillary sinus  

Science.gov (United States)

Dose distributions that result from treating a patient with orthovoltage beams are best determined with a treatment planning system that uses the Monte Carlo method, and such systems are not readily available. In the present work, the Monte Carlo method was used to develop a computer code for determining absorbed dose distributions in orthovoltage radiation therapy. The code was used in planning treatment of a patient with a neuroendocrine carcinoma of the maxillary sinus. Two lateral high-energy photon beams supplemented by an anterior orthovoltage photon beam were utilized in the treatment plan. For the clinical case and radiation beams considered, a reasonably uniform dose distribution is achieved within the target volume, while the dose to the lens of each eye is 4 - 8% of the prescribed dose. Therefore, an orthovoltage photon beam, when properly filtered and optimally combined with megavoltage beams, can be effective in the treatment of cancers below the skin, providing that accurate treatment planning is carried out to establish with accuracy and precision the doses to critical structures.

Gao, Wanbao; Raeside, David E.

1997-12-01

261

Sarcomatoid carcinoma of the maxillary sinus: A rare head and neck tumor  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sarcomatoid carcinomas are rare tumors. These tumors have been reported at other sites, but head and neck origin is extremely uncommon. We report here a rare case of sarcomatoid carcinoma involving the maxilla. Only four such cases with maxillary origin have been discussed in English literature earlier. As compared to squamous cell carcinoma of maxilla, this variant is associated with poor prognosis and advanced disease at presentation, as was also seen in our case. There are no standard recommendations for management owing to the rarity of this histology. Surgery and radiotherapy form the mainstays of treatment. Exploration of the role of chemotherapy and novel targeted therapy agents is warranted in order to improve treatment results.

Kumar Milind

2008-01-01

262

Maxillary sinus floor elevation with a tissue-engineered bone composite of deciduous tooth stem cells and calcium phosphate cement in goats.  

Science.gov (United States)

The study aimed to assess the effect of maxillary sinus floor elevation with tissue-engineered bone constructed from deciduous tooth stem cells (DTSCs) and calcium phosphate cement (CPC). The stem cells from goat deciduous teeth (SGDs) were isolated and transfected by means of the adenovirus with an enhanced green fluorescent protein gene (AdEGFP). As many as 18 bilateral maxillary sinuses of nine goats were randomly allocated into three groups (n?=?6/group): group A (SGDs-CPC compound), group B (CPC alone) and group C (autogenous bone obtained from an iliac crest). All the samples were evaluated by computed tomography (CT), histology and histomorphometric analysis. Furthermore, the fate of implanted SGDs was traced using an immunohistochemical staining method in the decalcified samples. SGDs might be differentiated into osteoblasts in an osteogenic medium. In the present study, three-dimensional CT analysis showed that the volume of newly formed bone in group A was greater than that in the other two groups. After a healing period of 3 months, sequential analyses of triad-colour fluorescence labelling, histology and histomorphology indicated that the SGDs-CPC compound primarily promoted bone formation and mineralization at 2 and 3 months after the operation. Moreover, the areas of new bone formation in elevated sinuses were 41.82?±?6.24% in the SGDs-CPC group, which was significantly higher than the 30.11?±?8.05% in the CPC-alone group or the 23.07?±?10.21% in the autogenous bone group. Immunohistochemical staining revealed that GFP and OCN were both expressed in the new bone tissue for the samples with eGFP, which suggested that the implanted SGDs might have contributed to new bone formation on the elevated sinus floor. SGDs can promote new bone formation and maturation in the goat maxillary sinus, and the tissue-engineered bone composite of SGDs and CPC might be a potential substitute for existing maxillary sinus floor elevation methods. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:24616333

Zhao, Wei; Lu, Jia-Yu; Hao, Yong-Ming; Cao, Chun-Hua; Zou, De-Rong

2014-02-21

263

Alternativas a la elevación de seno maxilar: implantes cortos Alternatives to maxillary sinus elevation: short implants  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La mala calidad del hueso, reabsorciones extremas y la presencia de la cavidad del seno maxilar constituían obstáculos insalvables para la rehabilitación implanto-soportada en el sector posterior del maxilar atrófico. La elevación de seno es probablemente la primera opción de tratamiento en el paciente tributario de rehabilitación con implantes en ese sector. El uso de implantes cortos (menos de 10 mm se ha asociado tradicionalmente con unas tasas de supervivencia menores que la de los implantes largos. No obstante la aparición de nuevas superficies y diseños indican que este tipo de implantes puede soportar de forma fiable restauraciones dentales. Presentamos la técnica de instalación de implantes de superficie porosa sinterizada, asi como una revisión actualizada sobre el comportamiento de los implantes cortos.Poor bone quality, extreme bony resorption and a pneumatized mqxillary sinus are a severe Challenger for reconstruction of the atrophic edentuous posterior maxilla. Sinus lift is probably the gold standard for Management of that area. Short implants (<10mm have traditionally been associated with lower survival rates. The introduction of new surfaces and designs indicate that this type of implants can adequately support dental restorations. We present the technique of installation of sinterised porous dental implants together with an update on the behaviour of short implants.

J. González Lagunas

2008-12-01

264

Alternativas a la elevación de seno maxilar: implantes cortos / Alternatives to maxillary sinus elevation: short implants  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La mala calidad del hueso, reabsorciones extremas y la presencia de la cavidad del seno maxilar constituían obstáculos insalvables para la rehabilitación implanto-soportada en el sector posterior del maxilar atrófico. La elevación de seno es probablemente la primera opción de tratamiento en el pacie [...] nte tributario de rehabilitación con implantes en ese sector. El uso de implantes cortos (menos de 10 mm) se ha asociado tradicionalmente con unas tasas de supervivencia menores que la de los implantes largos. No obstante la aparición de nuevas superficies y diseños indican que este tipo de implantes puede soportar de forma fiable restauraciones dentales. Presentamos la técnica de instalación de implantes de superficie porosa sinterizada, asi como una revisión actualizada sobre el comportamiento de los implantes cortos. Abstract in english Poor bone quality, extreme bony resorption and a pneumatized mqxillary sinus are a severe Challenger for reconstruction of the atrophic edentuous posterior maxilla. Sinus lift is probably the gold standard for Management of that area. Short implants ([...] wer survival rates. The introduction of new surfaces and designs indicate that this type of implants can adequately support dental restorations. We present the technique of installation of sinterised porous dental implants together with an update on the behaviour of short implants.

J., González Lagunas.

2008-12-01

265

Maxillary Air Cyst  

OpenAIRE

Pathologic dilatation of the maxillary sinus by air is a rare condition with unclear etiology. We present a case of a 17 year old male with a maxillary air cyst diagnosed by computed tomography. The CT demonstrated air-filled expansion of the maxillary sinus beyond the normal anatomical limits with associated cortical bone thinning. The case report highlights the pathognomonic computed tomography findings of this rare entity and discusses the perplexing nomenclature, proposed etiologies and v...

Doucette-preville, Stephane; Tamm, Alexander; Khetani, Justin; Wright, Erin; Emery, Derek

2013-01-01

266

Where Are My Sinuses?  

Science.gov (United States)

... sinuses over the eyes in the brow area Maxillary sinuses inside each cheekbone Ethmoid sinuses just behind the bridge of the nose, between the eyes Sphenoid sinuses behind the ethmoids in the upper region of the nose and behind the eyes The paranasal sinuses open into the nasal cavity and are lined ...

267

Wegener's granulomatosis of the maxillary sinus: CT evaluation - report of two cases-  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Wegener's granulomatosis is a specific vasculitis described by Klinger in 1931 and Wegener in 1939 as being different from periarteritis nodosa. Wegener's gramulomatosis involving the paranasal sinuses is relatively rare and few cases are reported in the Korean literature. However, CT evaluation has been lacking in the Korean literature. Although radiological evaluations were performed in the previous reports, they were not studied by CT. Only one report of the CT evaluation is available in the literature. Since the author observed somewhat different CT manifestations compared with the previous report, the CT findings with a brief review of the literature are presented. Although the difference from the previously reported series by Paling is not clear, it may be affected by differences in he duration of illness and severity of the disease

268

Sinus Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... responsible for the sensations of the upper teeth run in the floor of the maxillary sinuses. It ... material, it may become out of date over time. It is important that you rely on the ...

269

Extensive complex odontoma in the maxillary sinus: an uncommon presentation as a cause of chronic sinusitis / Extenso odontoma complexo em seio maxilar: uma apresentação incomum como causa de sinusite crônica  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Este estudo relata a apresentação de um extenso odontoma causando sinusite maxilar. DESCRIÇÃO DO CASO: Um homem de 25 anos ao exame clínico revelou assimetria facial discreta e exposição da lesão na cavidade oral. Os exames de imagem mostraram a presença de uma massa radiopaca bem definida [...] na maxila esquerda, medindo aproximadamente 7 cm e estava intimamente associado com o seio maxilar e a cavidade oral. A massa foi extirpada através de um acesso intra-oral, sob anestesia geral em ambiente hospitalar e enviada para estudo histopatológico, onde foi diagnosticada como odontoma complexo. O paciente está sob acompanhamento clínico e não mostra sinais de sinusite maxilar e fístula bucossinusal. CONCLUSÃO: O odontoma é uma lesão comum na clínica odontológica, mas pode, em alguns casos, se apresentar de forma agressiva levando a danos ao paciente, e desta forma, é necessária atenção do cirurgião dentista para o correto diagnóstico e tratamento. Abstract in english PURPOSE: This study reports a case of a extensive odontoma causing maxillary sinusitis. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 25-year-old man at clinical examination revealed discrete facial asymmetry and exposure of the lesion in the oral cavity. Imaging exams showed the presence of a well-defined radiopaque mass in [...] the left maxilla, measuring approximately 7 cm and was intimately associated with the maxillary sinus and oral cavity. The mass was excised through an intraoral access under general anesthesia in the hospital and sent for histopathology, which was diagnosed as complex odontoma. The patient is under clinical follow-up and shows no signs of maxillary sinusitis and no oral sinus fistula. CONCLUSION: The odontoma is a common injury in clinical dentistry, but in some aggressive cases may cause sequelae in the patient, thus, caution the dentist for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Cyntia Helena Pereira de, Carvalho; Diego do Amaral, Costa; Lélia Maria Guedes, Queiroz; José Ivo Q. do, Amaral; Adriano Rocha, Germano.

270

Adenocarcinoma renal metastásico en seno maxilar / Maxillary sinus metastasis of renal cell carcinoma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los tumores metastásicos en senos paranasales y fosas son excepcionales. Se han descrito en la literatura unos 50 casos localizados en seno maxilar. El adenocarcinoma renal es la neoplasia primaria que más frecuentemente metastatiza en la región nasosinusal, seguido de tumores mamarios y pulmonares. [...] Presenta una sintomatología inespecífica siendo la epistaxis el síntoma más frecuente debido a la gran vascularización tumoral. Tienen un pronóstico pobre con una tasa de supervivencia en torno al 15-30% a los 5 años. El tratamiento de elección es la cirugía. Abstract in english Paranasal sinuses and nose metastasis are very uncommon tumors, about 50 have been reported. Renal cell carcinoma is the primary neoplasm which most frequently metastasizes in the nasosinusal region, followed by breast and lug. Symptoms are unspecific, but the epistaxis constitutes the most common s [...] ign due to the significant vascularizations of the tumor. Prognosis is poor. The survival rate fluctuates between 15-30% at 5 years. Surgery is the elective treatment.

B., Torres Muros; J.R., Solano Romero; J.G., Rodríguez Baró; R., Bonilla Parrilla.

2006-10-01

271

Superselective intra-arterial chemotherapy (SIC) by using the Seldinger technique as the treatment strategy for maxillary sinus carcinoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We have been applying superselective intra-arterial chemotherapy (SIC) by using the Seldinger technique as the treatment strategy for maxillary sinus carcinoma since 1998 in combination with radiotherapy and surgery. SIC allows delivery of high-dose anticancer drugs to the target tumor at high concentrations through its feeding vessel with few adverse effects by neutralizing and limiting the toxic effects of cisplatin (CDDP) within an acceptable range. We studied the effect of primary treatment and adverse events in 40 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus who underwent high-dose SIC combined with radiotherapy in our department between 1998 and 2008. The patients were 30 men and 10 women aged 43 to 75 years (median, 61 years). All carcinomas were advanced and graded as T3 in 17, T4 in 23, and N+ in 8. Some of the carcinomas reached the skull base or extended deep into the orbit. SIC was performed using the Seldinger technique from the femoral artery. Total CDDP dose was 200-300 mg/m2 (mean, 210 mg/m2). All vessels used for the treatment were those branching from the external carotid arteries; those from internal carotid arteries were not used for intra-arterial infusion. Following arterial infusion chemotherapy, systemic administration of 800 mg 5-fluorouracil (FU) was started on Day 2. Simultaneous radiotherapy was started on Day 2 at a dose of 2 Gy with a goal of increasing up to 60 Gy. Patients enrolled in this treatment60 Gy. Patients enrolled in this treatment arm received two courses of chemotherapy at 1- to 2-week intervals, along with a total dose of 60 Gy of radiotherapy from 1998 to 2007. Since 2008, two courses of SIC with the Seldinger technique, based on the results of postoperative pathological examination, and curative radiation at 60 Gy became the preferred basic treatment strategy irrespective of tumor size, and evaluation of treatment response at the level of 40 Gy was abandoned. For residual or recurrent carcinoma, we took a ''wait and see'' approach and conducted salvage operation as additional treatment. Adverse events of chemotherapy and SIC combined with radiotherapy were completed as scheduled. The treatment response was evaluated at 1 month based on macroscopic, imaging, and histopathological findings. In total, the Seldinger technique was performed 73 times in 40 patients. The mean number of feeding vessels used for treatment was 2.3. Follow-up of adverse events revealed Grade 3 or higher stomatitis in 45% of patients; although it often led to anorexia or dysphagia, it was reversible in all cases. Five patients needed granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) administration for leukocytopenia. Grade 3 or higher renal dysfunction related to CDDP administration was observed in 6 patients. Three patients underwent hemodialysis for Grade 4 renal dysfunction and all could discontinue hemodialysis. All adverse events were reversible and non-serious except for 3 patients with suspected symptoms of transient cerebral ischemia. Primary treatment response was complete response (CR) in 50.0% and partial response (PR) in 25.0% at 40 Gy, with a response rate of 75.0%. Thirty patients received surgery after intra-arterial chemotherapy. Of these, 10 patients rated as CR before surgery were all pathological CR. Of 10 patients who achieved PR in their primary treatment response after SIC combined with radiotherapy, 5 patients were pathological CR in the postoperative pathological evaluation. The final CR rate was 62.5%. These results suggest that adverse events of this therapy are relatively minor and within an acceptable range. In terms of local control, SIC may avoid invasive surgical procedures. (author)

272

Endoscopic sinus surgery in individuals with facial pain due to chronic maxillary sinusitis ? a functional controlled study / Cirurgia endoscópica de seio da face em indivíduos com dor facial devida a sinusite maxilar crônica ? um estudo funcional controlado  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Objetivo: Medir a pressão intrasinusal e a eficiência funcional do seio maxilar (EFSM) em indivíduos com dor facial crônica após cirurgia endoscópica maxilar conservadora ou convencional em comparação a pessoas normais. Método: A manometria do seio foi feita 5 vezes durante a inalação. Result [...] ados: A semelhança entre os valores das pressões comparando aqueles tratados com cirurgia minimamente invasiva e os controles foi notável, enquanto que na cirurgia tradicional houve diminuição significativa das pressões intrasinusais. A EFSM foi 100% nas três vezes testadas nos controles, de modo muito semelhante ao que foi observado naqueles submetidos a cirurgia minimamente invasiva (98,3%, 98,8%, e 98,0%) e significativamente diminuída naqueles submetidos a cirurgia convencional (48,8%, 52,1%, 48,5 %, p Abstract in english Objective: To measure the intra-sinus pressure and the maxillary sinus functional efficiency (MSFE) in individuals with chronic facial pain after conservative or conventional endoscopic maxillary surgery, as well as in controls. Method: Sinus manometry was performed 5 times during inhalation. [...] Results: The resemblance of pressure values comparing those treated with minimally invasive surgery and controls was remarkable, while traditional surgery significantly decreased intrasinusal pressures. The MSFE was 100% in the three tested times for controls, close to that in those submitted to minimally invasive surgery (98.3%, 98.8%, and 98.0%) and significantly impaired after conventional surgery (48.8%, 52.1%, 48.5 %, p

Giuseppe, Sanges; Mario, Gamerra; Gerardo, Sorrentino; Roberto De, Luca; Maddalena, Merone; Michele, Feleppa; Marcelo Eduardo, Bigal.

2014-08-01

273

Endoscopic sinus surgery in individuals with facial pain due to chronic maxillary sinusitis ? a functional controlled study / Cirurgia endoscópica de seio da face em indivíduos com dor facial devida a sinusite maxilar crônica ? um estudo funcional controlado  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Objetivo: Medir a pressão intrasinusal e a eficiência funcional do seio maxilar (EFSM) em indivíduos com dor facial crônica após cirurgia endoscópica maxilar conservadora ou convencional em comparação a pessoas normais. Método: A manometria do seio foi feita 5 vezes durante a inalação. Result [...] ados: A semelhança entre os valores das pressões comparando aqueles tratados com cirurgia minimamente invasiva e os controles foi notável, enquanto que na cirurgia tradicional houve diminuição significativa das pressões intrasinusais. A EFSM foi 100% nas três vezes testadas nos controles, de modo muito semelhante ao que foi observado naqueles submetidos a cirurgia minimamente invasiva (98,3%, 98,8%, e 98,0%) e significativamente diminuída naqueles submetidos a cirurgia convencional (48,8%, 52,1%, 48,5 %, p Abstract in english Objective: To measure the intra-sinus pressure and the maxillary sinus functional efficiency (MSFE) in individuals with chronic facial pain after conservative or conventional endoscopic maxillary surgery, as well as in controls. Method: Sinus manometry was performed 5 times during inhalation. [...] Results: The resemblance of pressure values comparing those treated with minimally invasive surgery and controls was remarkable, while traditional surgery significantly decreased intrasinusal pressures. The MSFE was 100% in the three tested times for controls, close to that in those submitted to minimally invasive surgery (98.3%, 98.8%, and 98.0%) and significantly impaired after conventional surgery (48.8%, 52.1%, 48.5 %, p

Giuseppe, Sanges; Mario, Gamerra; Gerardo, Sorrentino; Roberto De, Luca; Maddalena, Merone; Michele, Feleppa; Marcelo Eduardo, Bigal.

2014-07-04

274

Imaging characteristics of diffuse large cell extra nodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma involving the palate and maxillary sinus: a case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas are a group of highly diverse malignancies and have a strong tendency to affect organs and tissues that do not ordinarily contain lymphoid cells. Primary extra nodal lymphoma of the hard palate is rare. Here, we present a case of diffuse large B cell lymphoma in a 60-year-old male patient that manifested as slightly painful ulcerated growth on the edentulous right maxillary alveolar ridge extending onto the palate, closely resembling carcinoma of the alveolar ridge. Computed tomography images showed the involvement of the maxillary sinus and right nasal cavity, along with destruction of hard palate, superiorly extending into the orbit. This case report highlights the importance of imaging to evaluate the exact extent of such large malignant lesions, which is essential for treatment planning.

275

Imaging characteristics of diffuse large cell extra nodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma involving the palate and maxillary sinus: a case report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas are a group of highly diverse malignancies and have a strong tendency to affect organs and tissues that do not ordinarily contain lymphoid cells. Primary extra nodal lymphoma of the hard palate is rare. Here, we present a case of diffuse large B cell lymphoma in a 60-year-old male patient that manifested as slightly painful ulcerated growth on the edentulous right maxillary alveolar ridge extending onto the palate, closely resembling carcinoma of the alveolar ridge. Computed tomography images showed the involvement of the maxillary sinus and right nasal cavity, along with destruction of hard palate, superiorly extending into the orbit. This case report highlights the importance of imaging to evaluate the exact extent of such large malignant lesions, which is essential for treatment planning.

Nadendla, Lakshmi Kavitha; Meduri, Venkateswarlu; Paramkusam, Geetha [Kamineni Institute of Dental Sciences, Nalgonda (India)

2012-06-15

276

Tuberculosis of paranasal sinuses  

OpenAIRE

Nasal tuberculosis is very rare but much rarer is tuberculosis of paranasal sinuses. It involves especially the maxillary sinus and is usually unilateral. We report an unusual case of tuberculosis of frontal and maxillary sinus in a 68 years old male, who presented with a swelling above left medial canthus, with no other eye or nasal complaints. Clinical and radiological findings on our initial evaluation suggested that the patient had left frontal mucocoele with bilateral maxillary haziness....

Sanehi, S.; Dravid, Chandrashekhar; Chaudhary, Neena; Venkatachalam, V. P.

2008-01-01

277

Osteoma of the Medial Wall of the Maxillary Sinus: A Primary Cause of Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction and Review of the Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

A 74-year-old male patient presented to the outpatient department with left-sided epiphora and chronic dacryocystitis, without any history of head trauma or previous nasal or paranasal sinuses surgery. No abnormalities were noted at the time with the use of nasal endoscopy. The computed tomography scan however revealed an osteoma of the medial wall of the left maxillary sinus. An endonasal endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) with osteoma removal by using a drill with temporary silicone stenting of the nasolacrimal duct system was performed. Due to a granuloma formation at the DCR-window site 2 months postoperatively a revision-DCR was performed and the new window remained patent at control 6 months after surgery. PMID:25478271

Emanuelli, Enzo

2014-01-01

278

Salvage surgery for local recurrence after concomitant radiotherapy and superselective arterial infusion of cisplatin in patients with squamous cell carcinoma cancer of the maxillary sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This retrospective study aimed to assess the role of salvage surgery for local recurrence after concomitant radiotherapy and superselective arterial infusion of cisplatin (RADPLAT) in patients with squamous cell carcinoma cancer of the maxillary sinus as an initial treatment. Forty-one patients were treated by RADPLAT between 1999 and 2009. Local recurrence in the primary site was observed in 12 patients of whom 9 could undergo further salvage surgery. Primary disease control was achieved in 7 of these patients (successful salvage rate, 58.3%). Successful salvage rates for T3, T4a and T4b primary disease were 66.7% (2/3), 66.7% (4/6) and 33.3% (1/3), respectively. The 5-year overall survival rate was 73.6% in all patients. Severe postoperative complication was seen in one patient. Prognosis of patients with locally recurring maxillary sinus squamous cell carcinoma after RADPLAT is relatively good. This is because residual/recurrent tumor was located in anterior portion of the face in most cases. This result should be taken into consideration when the initial treatment plan is decided and the choice of salvage surgery for such recurrent cases should be carefully determined. (author)

279

Preparación pre protética para implantes dentales mediante elevación del seno maxilar. Presentación de un caso clínico / Pre-prosthetic preparation for dental implants through maxillary sinus lifting  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La presencia de pacientes que acuden para su rehabilitación protésica mediante implantes osteointegrados en el maxilar posterior con dificultades es frecuente, debido a una disponibilidad ósea vertical insuficiente causada por la presencia del seno maxilar. Para solucionar la falta de altura ósea, s [...] e hace necesario aplicar procedimientos destinados a aumentar la cantidad de hueso en esta área, conocido como elevación del seno maxilar. El objetivo de este trabajo fue presentar un caso, con esta técnica y el uso de materiales de relleno, pues posibilita al implantólogo, la colocación de implantes de mayor longitud que influyen en el éxito del tratamiento. Abstract in english There are many patients assisting the consultation for prosthetic rehabilitation through bone-integrated implants in the posterior maxilla, due to an insufficient vertical bone availability caused by the presence of the maxillary sinus. To solve this lack of bone height, it is necessary to carry out [...] procedures aimed to increasing the bone quantity in this area; the procedure is known as maxillary sinus lifting. This paper’s aim was presenting a case of this technique application, using filling materials that make possible longer implants placement by the implantologist and have influence in the treatment success.

Félix M, Blanco Mederos; María Teresa, Lima Reyna.

2014-10-01

280

Evaluation of paranasal sinus mucosa in coal worker's pneumoconiosis - A computed tomographic study  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Objective: To evaluate by computed tomographic scanning the paranasal mucosal changes of coal workers with and without pneumoconiosis. Methods: Examination of images and scores from paranasal computed tomographic scans. The study participants were 26 coal workers with pneumoconiosis, 29 coal workers without pneumoconiosis, and 20 controls. All were men. The extent and patterns of inflamatory paranasal sinus disease were evaluated on computed, tomographic scans by 2 radiologists using the terminology and definitions of Newman and associates. Results: Interobserver agreement for the presence of abnormalities was from good to excellent (K, 0.63-0.89). The mucosal scores of individuals and groups were higher for coal workers than for control subjects. Both scores were significantly higher in the pneumoconiosis group than in the 2 other groups. Conclusions: This study shows that paranasal sinuses were affected more severely in coal workers than in control subjects. In coal workers with pneumoconiosis, the affection was most severe. The relationship between coal dust exposure and paranasal mucosal changes needs further study.

Ozdemir, H.; Altin, R.; Mahmutyazicioglu, K.; Kart, L.; Uzun, L.; Savranlar, A.; Davcanci, H.; Gundogdu, S. [Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Zonguldak (Turkey). School of Medicine

2004-09-01

281

Effect of nerve growth factor and keratinocyte growth factor on wound healing of the sinus mucosa.  

Science.gov (United States)

The healing of the sinuses after sinus surgery is often compromised by the development of adhesions. The aim of this study was to determine whether nerve growth factor (NGF) and keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) aid epithelial and fibroblast wound healing after surgery. Two in vitro models were used to compare their effect on wound closure rates and expression of cell adhesion (E-cadherin), tight junction formation (zona occludens-1), cell proliferation (proliferative cell nuclear antigen and Ki67), and ciliogenesis (Foxj1 and beta tubulin IVb) genes by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Epithelial cells from sinonasal tissue were seeded in collagen-coated Transwells, creating an air-liquid interface, and a submergent model was used for fibroblasts. In epithelial cells, NGF (20-50 ng/mL) significantly decreased wound areas to <40% compared with controls that were still 70% of their original sizes by 24 hours (p<0.05). E-cadherin and zona occludens-1 expression were up-regulated by 20- and 2.5-fold, respectively, relative to controls. KGF (5-100 ng/mL) slowed fibroblast proliferation by reducing (0.8-fold) and Ki67 (0.25-fold) expression. NGF (10 ng/mL) slowed Ki67 expression by 0.5-fold. NGF accelerated in vitro epithelial wound closure while NGF and KGF reduced fibroblast proliferation. PMID:18086292

Tan, Lorwai; Hatzirodos, Nick; Wormald, Peter-John

2008-01-01

282

Localización del Septo del Seno Maxilar a través de Abordaje Endoscópico: Reporte de Caso y Revisión de la Literatura Location of Maxillary Sinus Septum through an Endoscopic Approach: Report of a Case and Review of the Literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El abordaje quirúrgico del seno maxilar para maniobras como el levantamiento de la membrana sinusal y la colocación de injerto óseo con o sin implantes simultáneo en la zona subantral, es un procedimiento cada vez más habitual en implantología oral. Una de las mayores complicaciones en este tipo de procedimientos es el abordaje de la pared lateral del seno maxilar con presencia de septos intra-sinusales no diagnosticados, pudiendo producir perforación de la membrana durante el fresado óseo. La presencia de septos en el seno maxilar es muy variable, pudiendo presentarse única o múltiple y en diferentes localizaciones anatómicas en relación a la zona de las raíces de las piezas maxilares antrales en pacientes dentados o desdentados, desde la zona canina hasta el segundo molar. Diversos autores, han descrito diferentes valores de la prevalencia en relación a la presencia de septos intra-sinusales en base a imagenología tridimensional o in vivo en estudios cadavéricos. El objetivo del presente estudio, es realizar una revisión exhaustiva de la literatura desde 1997 hasta noviembre del 2010 en relación a la prevalencia de septos en el seno maxilar y su localización según método de visualización, y el reporte de un caso con una nueva técnica de abordaje quirúrgico que permite una visualización intra y extrasinusal para la localización del septo del seno maxilar in vivo.Surgery of the maxillary sinus in procedures as elevation of the sinus membrane and bone graft, with or without simultaneous implants in the subantral area, is becoming a more standard procedure in oral implants each time. One of the most common complications in this type of procedure is the approach of the sinus lateral wall, with presence of undiagnosed intra-sinus septa with perforation of the membrane during sinus elevation. The presence of septa in the maxillary sinus is variable, presenting as single or multiple in different locations with relation to the rots in maxillary pieces in dentate or edentulous patients. Various authors have described different values in the prevalence of the intra sinus septum presence, based on three dimensional imaging studies, or the in vivo study of cadavers. The aim of this study is an exhaustive review of the literature since 1997 to November of 2010 in reference to the prevalence of maxillary sinus septa and their location according to observation methods, and the report of a case with innovative surgical approach technique, that allows intra and extra sinus visualization for in vivo maxillary sinus septum location.

Víctor Javier Beltrán Varas

2011-06-01

283

Analysis of the bacterial flora in the nasal cavity and the sphenoid sinus mucosa in patients operated on with an endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to analyze the bacterial flora in the nasal cavity and sphenoid sinus and evaluate the sensitivity of these bacteria to antibiotics that can be used to prevent postoperative meningitis. Bacteria of the preoperative nasal cavity and intraoperative sphenoid sinus mucosa were cultured and analyzed in 40 patients (20 men and 20 women; mean age, 52.2 years) who underwent endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery. The sensitivity of these bacteria to cephalosporin, a representative prophylactic antibiotic, was examined. Staphylococcus epidermidis was the most frequently detected species in both spaces; 24 (38.7%) of 62 isolates in the nasal cavity and 26 (37.1%) of 70 isolates in the sphenoid sinus. In contrast, Corynebacterium species were found mainly in the nasal cavity, and anaerobic bacteria were found only in the sphenoid sinus. Bacteria that were resistant to cephalosporin were found in the nasal cavity in 3.2% of patients and in the sphenoid sinus in 20% of patients. In conclusion, the composition of bacterial flora, including bacteria that are resistant to prophylactic antibiotics, differs between the nasal cavity and the sphenoid sinus. PMID:25446386

Shibao, Shunsuke; Toda, Masahiro; Tomita, Toshiki; Ogawa, Kaoru; Yoshida, Kazunari

2014-12-15

284

Vascular supply with angio-CT for superselective intra-arterial chemotherapy in advanced maxillary sinus cancer  

OpenAIRE

Recently popularised, the combined angiography and CT (angio-CT) system is useful for correctly identifying the feeding arteries and their perfusion in various organs. We applied this system for advanced maxillary cancer to expose its feeding arteries and their supplying territories. In addition to the maxillary artery, extramaxillary feeding arteries were usually observed, including the ophthalmic, accessory meningeal, facial, transverse facial and ascending palatine arteries. These extramax...

Kashiwagi, N.; Nakanishi, K.; Kozuka, T.; Sato, Y.; Tanaka, K.; Tsukaguchi, I.; Uemura, H.; Fujii, T.; Yoshino, K.; Tomiyama, N.

2010-01-01

285

Radiographic comparison of different concentrations of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein with allogenic bone compared with the use of 100% mineralized cancellous bone allograft in maxillary sinus grafting.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to radiographically evaluate, then analyze, bone height, volume, and density with reference to percentage of vital bone after maxillary sinuses were grafted using two different doses of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2/acellular collagen sponge (rhBMP-2/ACS) combined with mineralized cancellous bone allograft (MCBA) and a control sinus grafted with MCBA only. A total of 18 patients (36 sinuses) were used for analysis of height and volume measurements, having two of three graft combinations (one in each sinus): (1) control, MCBA only; (2) test 1, MCBA + 5.6 mL of rhBMP-2/ACS (containing 8.4 mg of rhBMP-2); and (3) test 2, MCBA + 2.8 mL of rhBMP-2/ACS (containing 4.2 mg of rhBMP-2). The study was completed with 16 patients who also had bilateral cores removed 6 to 9 months following sinus augmentation. A computer software system was used to evaluate 36 computed tomography scans. Two time points where selected for measurements of height: The results indicated that height of the grafted sinus was significantly greater in the treatment groups compared with the control. However, by the second time point, there were no statistically significant differences. Three weeks post-surgery bone volume measurements showed similar statistically significant differences between test and controls. However, prior to core removal, test group 1 with the greater dose of rhBMP-2 showed a statistically significant greater increase compared with test group 2 and the control. There was no statistically significant difference between the latter two groups. All three groups had similar volume and shrinkage. Density measurements varied from the above results, with the control showing statistically significant greater density at both time points. By contrast, the density increase over time in both rhBMP groups was similar and statistically higher than in the control group. There were strong associations between height and volume in all groups and between volume and new vital bone only in the control group. There were no statistically significant relationships observed between height and bone density or between volume and bone density for any parameter measured. More cases and monitoring of the future survival of implants placed in these augmented sinuses are needed to verify these results. PMID:25171031

Froum, Stuart J; Wallace, Stephen; Cho, Sang-Choon; Khouly, Ismael; Rosenberg, Edwin; Corby, Patricia; Froum, Scott; Mascarenhas, Patrick; Tarnow, Dennis P

2014-01-01

286

Maxillary sinus floor elevation using a tissue-engineered bone with calcium-magnesium phosphate cement and bone marrow stromal cells in rabbits.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to assess the effects of maxillary sinus floor elevation with a tissue-engineered bone constructed with bone marrow stromal cells (bMSCs) and calcium-magnesium phosphate cement (CMPC) material. The calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), and phosphorus (P) ions released from calcium phosphate cement (CPC), magnesium phosphate cement (MPC), and CMPC were detected by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES), and the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of bMSCs seeded on CPC, MPC, and CMPC or cultured in CPC, MPC, and CMPC extracts were measured by MTT analysis, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity assay, alizarin red mineralization assay, and real-time PCR analysis of the osteogenic genes ALP and osteocalcin (OCN). Finally, bMSCs were combined with CPC, MPC, and CMPC and used for maxillary sinus floor elevation in rabbits, while CPC, MPC, or CMPC without cells served as control groups. The new bone formation in each group was detected by histological finding and fluorochrome labeling at weeks 2 and 8 after surgical operation. It was observed that the Ca ion concentrations of the CMPC and CPC scaffolds was significantly higher than that of the MPC scaffold, while the Mg ions concentration of CMPC and MPC was significantly higher than that of CPC. The bMSCs seeded on CMPC and MPC or cultured in their extracts proliferated more quickly than the cells seeded on CPC or cultured in its extract, respectively. The osteogenic differentiation of bMSCs seeded on CMPC and CPC or cultured in the corresponding extracts was significantly enhanced compared to that of bMSCs seeded on MPC or cultured in its extract; however, there was no significant difference between CMPC and CPC. As for maxillary sinus floor elevation in vivo, CMPC could promote more new bone formation and mineralization compared to CPC and MPC, while the addition of bMSCs could further enhance its new bone formation ability significantly. Our data suggest that CMPC possesses moderate biodegradability and excellent osteoconductivity, which may be attributed to its Ca and Mg ion composition, and the tissue-engineered bone constructed of CMPC and bMSCs might be a potential alterative graft for maxillofacial bone regeneration. PMID:22066969

Zeng, Deliang; Xia, Lunguo; Zhang, Wenjie; Huang, Hui; Wei, Bin; Huang, Qingfeng; Wei, Jie; Liu, Changsheng; Jiang, Xinquan

2012-04-01

287

Traumatic orbital fracture with intact ocular globe displacement into the maxillary sinus / Fratura traumática de órbita com deslocamento de globo ocular intacto para o seio maxilar  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Os autores relatam um caso de fratura de assoalho e parede medial de órbita após trauma com deslocamento de globo ocular intacto para o seio maxilar. Os mesmos autores enfatizam o tratamento, complicações e a raridade da entidade. Neste caso o paciente desenvolveu uma boa acuidade visual e uma perda [...] de motilidade ocular como complicação (exceto abdução). Abstract in english The authors report one case of orbital fracture of the floor and the medial walls after trauma with an intact ocular globe displacement into the maxillary sinus. The same authors emphasize the treatment, complications and the rarity of this case. In this case the patient developed a good visual acui [...] ty and a loss of ocular motility as complication (except abduction) .

Nadyr Antônia Pereira, Damasceno; Eduardo de França, Damasceno.

2010-02-01

288

Sinus Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... and dust. The sinuses are lined by special cells called mucosa that secrete ‘mucus,’ which helps trap dirt from the air we breathe. The dirt is then expelled to the outside using small hair-like attachments known as cilia. All sinuses ...

289

Maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft: a systematic review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Aims: The objective of the present systematic review was to test the hypothesis of no differences in the implant treatment outcome when Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone is used as graft for the maxillary sinus floor augmentation (MSFA) applying the lateral window technique. Material and methods: A MEDLINE (PubMed) search in combination with a hand search of relevant journals was conducted by including human studies published in English from January 1, 1990 to June 1, 2010. The search provided 879 titles and 35 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Considerable variation in the included studies prevented meta-analysis from being performed and no long-term study comparing MSFA with the two treatment modalities was identified. Also, the survival of suprastructures after the two augmentation procedures was not compared within the same study. Results: The 1-year implant survival was compared in one study demonstrating no statistically significant difference. The implant survival was 96% with Bio-Oss and 94% with a mixture of 80% Bio-Oss and 20% autogenous mandibular bone. Addition of a limited amount of autogenous bone to Bio-Oss seemed not to increase the amount of new bone formation and bone-to-implant contact compared with Bio-Oss. Conclusions: Therefore, the hypothesis of no differences between the use of Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft for MSFA could neither be confirmed nor rejected. To cite this article: Jensen T, Schou S, Stavropoulos A, Terheyden H, Holmstrup P. Maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft: a systematic review. Clin. Oral Impl. Res. xx, 2011; 000-000 doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0501.2011.02168.x.

Jensen, Thomas; Schou, SØren

2012-01-01

290

Hemangioma cavernoso gigante de seno maxilar: Reporte de un caso y revisión de la literatura / Giant cavernous hemangioma of the maxillary sinus: Case report and literature review  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los hemangiomas son neoplasias vasculares benignas que se presentan de preferencia en la región cervicofacial, siendo raros en las fosas nasales y excepcionales en los senos paranasales, con pocos casos reportados. Se presenta un paciente de sexo masculino y 33 años de edad, que consultó por obstruc [...] ción nasal, aumento de volumen maxilar y exoftalmo izquierdo de 2 años de evolución. La tomografía computada con contraste mostraba una masa hipodensa con realce anular del contraste en maxilar izquierdo, con extensión a la cavidad nasal, con destrucción del piso de la órbita y la pared anterior del seno maxilar. Se tomó biopsia que se informó como hemangioma cavernoso, por lo que fue manejado con embolización y escleroterapia arterial supraselectiva previa a la resección. Se realizó una maxilectomía subtotal por abordaje de Weber-Ferguson, sin recidiva al seguimiento a 15 meses. Además se comparan los hallazgos y el manejo de nuestro paciente con revisiones extranjeras. Abstract in english Hemangiomas are benign vascular neoplasms that occur preferentially in the head and neck, being uncommon in the nasal cavities and exceptionally rare in the paranasal sinuses, with very few cases reported. We present the case of a 33 year old male, that consulted for nasal obstruction, maxillary enl [...] argement and left exophthalmos of 2 years of evolution. Contrast enhanced computed tomography showed a hypódense mass with a ring enhanced lesion in the left maxilla, extending to the nasal cavity, with orbital floor and anterior wall of the maxillary sinus destruction. A biopsy sample was informed as cavernous hemangioma. Accordingly, it was treated by supraselective arterial embolization and sclerotherapy previous to surgical resection. A subtotal maxillectomy was performed following the Weber-Ferguson approach, with no recidives after a 15 month follow-up. In addition, we compare our findings and patient management with those reviewed in the literature.

Alfredo, Naser G; Arturo, Samith M; Carlos, Ríos D.

2009-08-01

291

Hemangioma cavernoso gigante de seno maxilar: Reporte de un caso y revisión de la literatura Giant cavernous hemangioma of the maxillary sinus: Case report and literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Los hemangiomas son neoplasias vasculares benignas que se presentan de preferencia en la región cervicofacial, siendo raros en las fosas nasales y excepcionales en los senos paranasales, con pocos casos reportados. Se presenta un paciente de sexo masculino y 33 años de edad, que consultó por obstrucción nasal, aumento de volumen maxilar y exoftalmo izquierdo de 2 años de evolución. La tomografía computada con contraste mostraba una masa hipodensa con realce anular del contraste en maxilar izquierdo, con extensión a la cavidad nasal, con destrucción del piso de la órbita y la pared anterior del seno maxilar. Se tomó biopsia que se informó como hemangioma cavernoso, por lo que fue manejado con embolización y escleroterapia arterial supraselectiva previa a la resección. Se realizó una maxilectomía subtotal por abordaje de Weber-Ferguson, sin recidiva al seguimiento a 15 meses. Además se comparan los hallazgos y el manejo de nuestro paciente con revisiones extranjeras.Hemangiomas are benign vascular neoplasms that occur preferentially in the head and neck, being uncommon in the nasal cavities and exceptionally rare in the paranasal sinuses, with very few cases reported. We present the case of a 33 year old male, that consulted for nasal obstruction, maxillary enlargement and left exophthalmos of 2 years of evolution. Contrast enhanced computed tomography showed a hypódense mass with a ring enhanced lesion in the left maxilla, extending to the nasal cavity, with orbital floor and anterior wall of the maxillary sinus destruction. A biopsy sample was informed as cavernous hemangioma. Accordingly, it was treated by supraselective arterial embolization and sclerotherapy previous to surgical resection. A subtotal maxillectomy was performed following the Weber-Ferguson approach, with no recidives after a 15 month follow-up. In addition, we compare our findings and patient management with those reviewed in the literature.

Alfredo Naser G

2009-08-01

292

Treatment of an Extensive Maxillary Cyst Using Nasal Airway and Balloon Catheter Devices  

OpenAIRE

Introduction. Large maxillary cysts occasionally expand into the maxilla and erode the maxillary sinus and nasal cavity. The Caldwell-Luc procedure is the recommended treatment for large maxillary sinus cysts. However, it is hard to preserve the nasal space in the case of large maxillary sinus cysts that penetrate into the nasal cavity. Methods. A 22-year-old man who had large maxillary sinus cysts was referred to our department for a surgical treatment. After removing the cyst from the maxil...

Atsushi Kasamatsu; Chonji Fukumoto; Morihiro Higo; Yosuke Endo-Sakamoto; Katsunori Ogawara; Masashi Shiiba; Hideki Tanzawa; Katsuhiro Uzawa

2014-01-01

293

Recovery of Interfering Bacteria in the Nasopharynx following Antimicrobial Therapy of Acute Maxillary Sinusitis with Telithromycin or Amoxicillin-Clavulanate  

OpenAIRE

The effect on the nasopharyngeal flora of 7 days of amoxicillin-clavulanate or 5 days of 800 mg once a day was studied in 50 adults with acute sinusitis. The numbers of potential pathogens and interfering alpha-hemolytic streptococci were equally reduced after both therapies. However, the number of interfering Prevotella spp. declined more significantly after amoxicillin-clavulanate treatment.

Brook, Itzhak; Hausfeld, Jeffrey N.

2005-01-01

294

Presencia de Quistes de Retención Mucoso del Seno Maxilar Detectados por Radiografías Panorámicas en Pacientes de la Ciudad de Temuco, Chile Presence of Mucus Retention Cysts in Maxillary Sinus Detected by Panoramic Radiographs on Patients of Temuco, Chile  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Los quistes de retención mucoso son una patología muy poco frecuente en el seno maxilar, perode fácil detección en radiografías panorámicas. El propósito de este estudio fue cuantificar los casos de mucoceles en senos maxilares durante un periodo de 5 meses, observando su frecuencia por edad y sexo. Se encontró una prevalencia de 2.06% en 339 radiografías revisadas, observándose mayor frecuencia en el género masculino y a una edad promedio de 30 años. Todos los casos no manifestaron sintomatología alguna.Mucus retention cyst are a pathology with very low frequency in maxillary sinus, but easy to detect in panoramic radiographs. The aim of this study was quantify mucocele cases in maxillary sinus along five months, detecting their frequency by age and sex. It was found a prevalence of 2.06%, noting more frequently in male sex and with an average age of 30. All cases were presented without previous symptomatology.

Ramón Fuentes Fernández

2008-09-01

295

Comparison of CT and MRI features in sinusitis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To correlate the features of inflammatory changes in the paranasal sinuses on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with computed tomography (CT). Methods and patients: One hundred and fourteen patients with histologically proven nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) were staged with both CT and MRI. All CT and MRI images of patients with mucosal thickening but no tumour involvement of the sinuses were retrospectively analysed. Results: There were inflammatory changes in 36 maxillary, 21 sphenoid and 16 ethmoid sinuses. These changes include mucosal thickening, retention cysts, retained secretions, inspissated secretions and dystrophic calcification. MRI is superior to CT in separating thickened mucosa, retained secretions and retentions cysts. Conclusion: It is important to appreciate CT changes of sinusitis and the corresponding spectrum of MRI features. (Copyright (c) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. All rights reserved.)

296

Maxillary sinus grafting with a synthetic, nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite-silica gel in humans: histologic and histomorphometric results.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to evaluate in humans the amount of new bone after sinus floor elevation with a synthetic bone substitute material consisting of nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite embedded in a highly porous silica gel matrix. The lateral approach was applied in eight patients requiring sinus floor elevation to place dental implants. After elevation of the sinus membrane, the cavities were filled with 0.6-mm granules of nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite mixed with the patient's blood. A collagen membrane (group 1) or a platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membrane (group 2) was placed over the bony window. After healing periods between 7 and 11 months (in one case after 24 months), 16 biopsy specimens were harvested with a trephine bur during implant bed preparation. The percentage of new bone, residual filler material, and soft tissue was determined histomorphometrically. Four specimens were excluded from the analysis because of incomplete biopsy removal. In all other specimens, new bone was observed in the augmented region. For group 1, the amount of new bone, residual graft material, and soft tissue was 28.7% ± 5.4%, 25.5% ± 7.6%, and 45.8% ± 3.2%, respectively. For group 2, the values were 28.6% ± 6.90%, 25.7% ± 8.8%, and 45.7% ± 9.3%, respectively. All differences between groups 1 and 2 were not statistically significant. The lowest and highest values of new bone were 21.2% and 34.1% for group 1 and 17.4% and 37.8% for group 2, respectively. The amount of new bone after the use of nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite for sinus floor elevation in humans is comparable to values found in the literature for other synthetic or xenogeneic bone substitute materials. There was no additional beneficial effect of the PRF membrane over the non-cross-linked collagen membrane. PMID:24600662

Bosshardt, Dieter D; Bornstein, Michael M; Carrel, Jean-Pierre; Buser, Daniel; Bernard, Jean-Pierre

2014-01-01

297

Bone-to-implant contact after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone in different ratios in mini pigs  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

OBJECTIVES: The objective was to test the hypotheses: (i) no differences in bone-to-implant contact formation, and (ii) no differences between the use of autogenous mandibular or iliac bone grafts, when autogenous bone, Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone, or Bio-Oss is used as graft for the maxillary sinus floor augmentation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Bilateral sinus floor augmentation was performed in 40 mini pigs with: (A) 100% autogenous bone, (B) 75% autogenous bone and 25% Bio-Oss, (C) 50% autogenous bone and 50% Bio-Oss, (D) 25% autogenous bone and 75% Bio-Oss, or (E) 100% Bio-Oss. Autogenous bone was harvested from the iliac crest or the mandible and the graft composition was selected at random and placed concomitant with the implant placement. The animals were euthanized 12 weeks after surgery. Bone-to-implant contact was estimated by stereological methods and summarized as median percentage with 95% confidence interval (CI). Bone-to-implant contact formation was evaluated by fluorochrome labelling and assessed by median odds ratios (OR) with 95% (CI). RESULTS: Median bone-to-implant contact was: (A) 42.9% (95% CI: 32.1-54.5%), (B) 37.8% (95% CI: 27.1-49.9%), (C) 43.9% (95% CI: 32.6-55.9%), (D) 30.2% (95% CI: 21.6-40.3%), and (E) 13.9% (95% CI: 11.4-16.9%). Bone-to-implant contact was significantly higher for A, B, C, D as compared to E (P 

Jensen, Thomas; Schou, SØren

2012-01-01

298

The occurrence of molds in patients with chronic sinusitis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common inflammatory condition of nasal and paranasal sinus mucosa. Although pathogenic bacteria were postulated as main etiological factor responsible for most cases of CRS, the involvement of molds was recently proved in some cases. The aim of the study was to conduct mycological analysis of material obtained from patients operated on due to chronic sinusitis. The study included 107 patients, 45 women and 62 men. During the surgery, a fragment of mucosa from the region of the ethmoid bulla was obtained as microbiological characteristics of this material closely resemble those of sinus mucosa. In addition, maxillary sinus lavage was obtained. The control group comprised patients without chronic sinusitis. The dithiothreitol solution method was used for the lavage examination. The tissue material (mucosal fragment from the region of the ethmoid bulla) was incubated in 2% liquid Sabouraud medium for 24 h. The material was inoculated onto culture media. The presence of molds was detected in 67% of examined samples. Overall, 41 species belonging to 12 genera were isolated. The most frequently detected genera included Penicillium spp. (46%) and Aspergillus spp. (16%). In addition, Cladosporium spp. (11%), Fusarium spp. (7%), Acremonium spp. (4%), Eurotium spp. (4%), Alternaria spp. (2%), Chaetomium spp. (1%), Geotrichum spp. (1%), Verticillium spp. (1%), Rhizopus spp. (1%), and some unidentified colonies (5%) were isolated. Penicillium crustosum, Penicillium citrinum, Aspergillus niger, Cladosporium cladosporioides, and Fusarium verticillioides were the most prevalent species. PMID:24121778

Twaru?ek, Magdalena; Soszczy?ska, Ewelina; Winiarski, Piotr; Zwierz, Aleksander; Grajewski, Jan

2014-05-01

299

Maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft in animals : a systematic review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The objective of the present systematic review was to test the hypothesis of no differences between the use of Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft for maxillary sinus floor augmentation (MSFA) applying the lateral window technique, as evaluated in animals. A MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase, and Cochrane Library search in combination with a hand-search of relevant journals was conducted by including animal studies published in English from 1 January 1990 to 1 June 2010. The search provided 879 titles and 14 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The volumetric stability of the graft improved significantly with increased proportion of Bio-Oss. Bone regeneration, bone-to-implant contact (BIC), biomechanical implant test values, and biodegradation of Bio-Oss after MSFA with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone have never been compared within the same study in animals. Thus, the hypothesis of no differences between the use of Bio-Oss and Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft for MSFA could neither be confirmed nor rejected based on existing animal studies.

Jensen, T; Schou, S

2012-01-01

300

Maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft in animals: a systematic review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The objective of the present systematic review was to test the hypothesis of no differences between the use of Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft for maxillary sinus floor augmentation (MSFA) applying the lateral window technique, as evaluated in animals. A MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase, and Cochrane Library search in combination with a hand-search of relevant journals was conducted by including animal studies published in English from 1 January 1990 to 1 June 2010. The search provided 879 titles and 14 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The volumetric stability of the graft improved significantly with increased proportion of Bio-Oss. Bone regeneration, bone-to-implant contact (BIC), biomechanical implant test values, and biodegradation of Bio-Oss after MSFA with Bio-Oss or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone have never been compared within the same study in animals. Thus, the hypothesis of no differences between the use of Bio-Oss and Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as graft for MSFA could neither be confirmed nor rejected based on existing animal studies.

Jensen, Thomas; Schou, S

2012-01-01

301

The role of functional sinus surgery for treatment of antrochoanal polyp  

OpenAIRE

Antrochoanal polyp (ACP) is a benign lesion which arises from the mucosa of maxillary sinus, fills it and expands through natural ostium towards choana protruding in the epipharynx. Objective: to present our experience in endoscopic surgery of ACP. Material and methods: prospective study included 24 patients operated at the Institute of Otorinolaryngology and Maxillofacial surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, in the period 2002- 2004. Subjective symptoms, endoscopic and CT findings w...

Vuji?i? Z.; Miki? A.; Janoševi? Lj.; Dudvarski Z.; Pen?er I.

2007-01-01

302

Tercer molar ectópico a nivel de región infraorbitaria-seno maxilar Ectopic third molar of the maxillary sinus-infraorbital region  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introducción. Los cordales ectópicos son aquellos incluidos en posiciones inusuales o desplazados a distancia de su normal localización anatómica. La erupción ectópica de un diente dentro de la cavidad oral es común pero en otros lugares es raro. La erupción ectópica puede ir asociada con alteraciones en el desarrollo, procesos patológicos o yatrogenia. Caso Clínico. Mujer de 56 años de edad con tercer molar superior derecho ectópico a nivel de región infraorbitaria-seno maxilar. Presentaba dolor e inflamación hemifacial derecha de larga evolución y resistente a tratamiento médico. Se realizó exéresis quirúrgica de dicho cordal mediante abordaje de Caldwell-Luc. Discusión. En muchos casos la etiología de un cordal ectópico no puede ser identificada. La mayor parte de las veces son asintomáticos y diagnosticados mediante estudios radiológicos. Conclusión. La indicación de la exodoncia en el caso de un diente ectópico en general viene determinada por la presencia de sintomatología o en prevención de futuras complicaciones.Introduction. Ectopic third molar teeth are those that are impacted in unusual positions, or that have been displaced and are at a distance from their normal anatomic location. Ectopic eruption of a tooth within the oral cavity is common, but rare in other sites. Ectopic eruption can be associated with developmental disturbances, pathologic processes or iatrogenic activity. Case Report. Female, fifty-six years old, with an upper right ectopic third molar located in the maxillary sinus-infraorbital region. She presented with pain and inflammation of the right side of her face that she had been experiencing for along time and which had been resistant to treatment. Surgical excision was carried out of the third molar tooth using the Caldwell-Luc approach. Discussion. In many cases the etiology of ectopic third molars cannot be identified. Generally they are asymptomatic and diagnosed by radiology studies. Conclusion. The indication for extraction in ectopic teeth cases is in general determined by the presence of symptomatology, or by the need for preventing future complications.

C. Moreno García

2007-06-01

303

Radiological changes in the paranasal sinuses in lepromatous leprosy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In view of the high incidence of nasal involvement in lepromatous leprosy and the production of a highly infectious discharge from the nasal mucosa, it seemed pertinent to investigate the paranasal sinuses whose lining greatly increase the surface area of mucous membrane in the upper respiratory tract. Sinus radiographs were taken of 16 patients diagnosed, clinically and bacteriologically, as having lepromatous leprosy with nasal involvement. All 16 patients showed radiological abnormalities which are summarized. The most constant finding was mucosal thickening of the maxillary antra. The significance of these results is discussed. Sinus X-rays, while not diagnostic for leprosy may give additional information to both the leprologist and the ENT surgeon. (author)

304

Assessment of the relationship between the maxillary molars and adjacent structures using cone beam computed tomography  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This study investigated the relationship between the roots of the maxillary molars and the maxillary sinus using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), and measured the distances between the roots of the maxillary molars and the sinus floor as well as the thickness of the bone between the root and the alveolar cortical plate. The study sample consisted of 83 patients with normally erupted bilateral maxillary first and second molars. A total of 332 maxillary molars were examined using CBCT images. The vertical relationship of each root with the maxillary sinus was classified into four types on CBCT cross-sectional images. The distance between the sinus floor and root and the bone thickness between the root and alveolar cortical plate were measured. In the buccal roots of the maxillary molars, a root protruding into the sinus occurred most frequently. A root projecting laterally along the sinus cavity was most common in the palatal roots of the maxillary first molars. The mesiobuccal roots of the maxillary second molar were closest to the sinus. The mesiobuccal roots of the first molars were closest to the cortical plate. The relationship between the roots of the maxillary molars and the sinus differed between the buccal and palatal roots. A root protruding into the sinus occurred more frequent in the buccal roots of the maxillary molars. The mesiobuccal root of the maxillary second molar was closest to the maxillary sinus floor and farthest from the alveolar cortical plate.

Jung, Yun Hoa; Cho, Bong Hae [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Yangsan (Korea, Republic of)

2012-09-15

305

Oncocytic Schneiderian Papilloma Presenting as an Intensely Hypermetabolic Lesion of the Maxillary Sinus on {sup 18}F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/CT: A Case Report and Literature Review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A 54-year-old man presented with an incidentally identified intensely hypermetabolic lesion (SUVmax: 22.2 g/mL) in the left maxillary sinus on {sup 18}F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ({sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT) performed for cancer screening. The mass was well circumscribed and showed solid enhancement on contrast-enhanced CT. Histological examination of the mass was consistent with oncocytic schneiderian papilloma. It is of prime importance to recognize that a sinonasal lesion with intense hypermetabolism on {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT does not necessarily signify malignancy. Oncocytic schneiderian papilloma should be included in the differential diagnosis of an intensely hypermetabolic and solidly enhancing mass of the nasal cavities or paranasal sinuses.

Lee, Sang Kwon; Rho, Byung Hak [Dept. of Radiology, Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University College of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Kwon, Sun Young [Dept. of Pathology, Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University College of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

2011-11-15

306

Ethmomaxillary sinus: a particular anatomic variation of the paranasal sinuses  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We assessed the morphological and radiological characteristics of ethmomaxillary sinus (EMS), which is an enlarged posterior ethmoidal air cell occupying the superior portion of the maxillary sinus while draining into superior meatus. This study is based on 1450 patients submitted to CT examination of the paranasal sinuses between 1998 and 2002. Sequential CT scans were obtained in the coronal plane in all the patients with 2.5- to 5-mm section thickness and were evaluated for EMS. The diagnosis of EMS was made when there was a posterior ethmoidal cell occupying the superior part of the maxillary sinus while draining to the superior meatus. When EMS was diagnosed, the morphology of the septum between the and maxillary sinus, and width of the superior meatus, were noted. The EMS was found in 10 of 1450 (0.7%) patients. The coexisting anatomic variations were concha bullosa (50%), upper concha pneumatization (20%), maxillary sinus hypoplasia (20%), uncinate bulla (10%), hypertrophied inferior concha (10%), paradoxic middle concha (10%), and septate maxillary sinus (10%). There was no relation between EMS and sinus disease. The EMS is a rare anatomic variation and does not appear to be associated with sinusitis. The EMS is not a well-studied anatomic variation, and the literature is lacking adequate information about this anatomic variation. This study performed in a large series of patients will possibly contribute to better understanding of this particular anomaly. (orig.)

Sirikci, Akif; Bayram, Metin [Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep University, Kolejtepe, 27310, Gaziantep (Turkey); Bayazit, Y.A.; Kanlikama, Muzaffer [Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep University, Kolejtepe, 27310, Gaziantep (Turkey)

2004-02-01

307

Papel da punção do seio maxilar no diagnóstico e no tratamento de pacientes com rinossinusite hospitalar / The role of maxillary sinus puncture on the diagnosis and treatment of patients with hospital-acquired rhinosinusitis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A rinossinusite é uma das principais causas de febre em pacientes críticos e deve ser sistematicamente pesquisada. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o impacto da punção do seio maxilar à beira leito, no diagnóstico e no tratamento dos pacientes com rinossinusite infecciosa internados em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva [...] de um hospital universitário de alta complexidade. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo que avaliou os pacientes em ventilação mecânica com febre de origem indeterminada e sinais tomográficos de rinossinusite submetidos à punção do seio maxilar pelo meato inferior. RESULTADOS: A amostra total do estudo consistiu de 27 pacientes (70,3% do sexo masculino com média de idade 45,3 anos). Os diagnósticos de admissão mais frequentes na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva foram Trauma Crânio Encefálico e Acidente Vascular Cerebral. No exame tomográfico, os seios paranasais mais acometidos foram o maxilar, em 85,2%, e esfenoidal, em 74,1%. A secreção purulenta foi visualizada no meato médio em 30,7% das fossas nasais. Os microrganismos mais frequentes nos aspirados dos seios foram Pseudomonas aeruginosa e Acinetobacter baumannii. CONCLUSÃO: A punção do seio maxilar à beira leito demonstrou-se uma importante ferramenta diagnóstica e terapêutica nos pacientes de UTI com rinossinusite hospitalar, submetidos à ventilação mecânica invasiva. Abstract in english Rhinosinusitis is one of the most commom causes of fever of unknown origin in critically ill patients and should be systematically searched. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the diagnostic and therapeutic effect of maxillary sinus puncture performed at the bedside in patients with infective rh [...] inosinusitis hospitalized in an Intensive Care Unit of a high complexity care hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study looks into patients on mechanical ventilation with fever of unknown origin and signs of rhinosinusitis on CT images who were submitted to inferior meatus maxillary sinus puncture. RESULTS: The total study sample consisted of 27 patients (70.3% male; mean age 45.3 years). The most common Intensive Care Unit admission diagnoses were head trauma and stroke. CT scans revealed the maxillary (85.2%) and sphenoid (74.1%) sinuses were the most involved paranasal sinuses. Middle meatus purulent drainage was seen in 30.7% of the nasal cavities. Fever was reduced in 70.4% of the patients after puncture (p

José Arruda, Mendes Neto; Viviane Maria, Guerreiro; Elcio Roldan, Hirai; Eduardo Macoto, Kosugi; Rodrigo de Paula, Santos; Luis Carlos, Gregório.

2012-08-01

308

Sinus bone grafting technique using special reamers and microelevators.  

Science.gov (United States)

When residual bone height is insufficient in the maxillary posterior area, the maxillary sinus elevation and implant placement with lateral approach are oftentimes used. However, the risk of sinus membrane perforation, or tearing, is high for this procedure. This article introduces a technique that uses a special reamer and a microelevator to minimize sinus membrane injury. PMID:22968575

Kim, Young-Kyun; Kim, Su-Gwan

2012-10-01

309

Tuberculosis of paranasal sinuses.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nasal tuberculosis is very rare but much rarer is tuberculosis of paranasal sinuses. It involves especially the maxillary sinus and is usually unilateral. We report an unusual case of tuberculosis of frontal and maxillary sinus in a 68 years old male, who presented with a swelling above left medial canthus, with no other eye or nasal complaints. Clinical and radiological findings on our initial evaluation suggested that the patient had left frontal mucocoele with bilateral maxillary haziness. Diagnosis was established on FNAC report and subsequent Ziehl - Neelsen staining of nasal swabs and tuberculin skin test. Later chest x-ray examination was suggestive of pulmonary tuberculosis, which was the primary cause. Patient responded well to antituberculosis drug therapy. PMID:23120511

Sanehi, S; Dravid, Chandrashekhar; Chaudhary, Neena; Venkatachalam, V P

2008-03-01

310

Corpos estranhos de seio maxilar Maxillary foreign bodies  

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Full Text Available The authors present five cases of maxillary sinus foreign bodies, four of them (80% originated from surgical problems. They discuss their findings, enphasizing the difficulty and the importance of early diagnosis and treatment. They recommend the use of tied gauze in the surgical procedures in the maxillary sinus.

Roberto Campos Meirelles

1999-08-01

311

Paranasal sinus obliteration in Wegener granulomatosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The authors report 14 cases of Wegener granulomatosis in which one or more paranasal sinuses were obliterated by bone. The maxillary antra were involved in all cases, with the other sinuses being affected less frequently. These changes are thought to result from chronic bacterial sinusitis superimposed on the granulomatous vasculitic process. Computed tomography dramatically demonstrated the bone changes, consisting of a combination of sinus wall thickening and trabeculated new bone formation within the sinuses

312

Radiodiagnostics of maxillary osteomyelitis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Osteomyelitis is defined as an inflammation or infection in bone tissues - cancellous bone, bone marrow, bone compacta and periosteum due to invasion of infection from surrounding tissues. Maxillary osteomyelitis is less common disease than osteomyelitis of mandible. This can be explained by anatomical structure of maxilla which is mainly composed of sinuses and thin bone lamellae. Such a structure allows rapid propagation of the infection to the surface. There have been examined and treated 70 patients with osteomyelitis of facial bones within past 15 years at Department of stomatology and maxillo-facial surgery of P.J. Safarik University in Kosice. Only four cases were diagnosed as maxillary osteomyelitis. The aim of this study was to mention the differences in anatomy and symptoms of acute and chronic stage of maxillary osteomyelitis and to give a detailed radiographic picture of this affliction. (authors)

313

Reconstrução do seio maxilar atrófico com enxerto autólogo de crista ilíaca: avaliação por tomografia computadorizada e radiografia panorâmica Autologus crest iliac graft in the reconstruction of resorbed maxillary sinus: evaluation through computed tomography and panoramic radiography  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: As dificuldades para a utilização de implantes dentários osteointegrados em pacientes portadores de atrofia do seio maxilar justificaram o emprego de enxerto autólogo não vascularizado de crista ilíaca isolado ou associado à hidroxiapatita (HA em 14 pacientes submetidos a 25 procedimentos no Hospital das Nações, Curitiba, Paraná, portadores de atrofia do sinus maxilar. O objetivo foi avaliar comparativamente a precisão da tomografia computadorizada e da radiografia panorâmica, através da quantificação da neoformação óssea nesta estrutura. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionadas pacientes edentados, com altura óssea residual do rebordo gengival ao soalho do seio maxilar menor que 5mm. O enxerto medular de crista ilíaca fragmentada isolado ou misturado com HA foi colocado através da parede lateral no soalho atrófico da cuba maxilar por via submucosa. A avaliação quantitativa e qualitativa foi feita através da radiografia panorâmica e tomografia computadorizada, sendo utilizado na análise estatística a distribuição t de Student (prevalência de 0,05 para análise das variâncias, considerado que a leitura dos laudos radiológicos foi feita por dois especialistas, medindo a distância entre os pontos inferiores e superiores do enxerto no soalho do seio maxilar. RESULTADOS: Tivemos um ganho médio de 14,8mm em todos os procedimentos, com um erro maior que 3mm em 16 procedimentos (64% e incorporação satisfatória do enxerto ósseo suficiente para futuro implante dentário. CONCLUSÕES: A tomografia computadorizada foi o método de escolha na avaliação qualitativa e quantitativa da incorporação de enxerto autólogo não vascularizado em seio maxilar atrófico.BACKGROUND:There are different methods to evaluate bone grafts in the maxillary sinus. Panoramic radiography is the most common one, even though assessment could be difficult. Occasionaly computerized tomography (CTis another option but cost and radiation in excess should be considered. Our objective is to compare these two imaging methods. METHODS: Both panoramic radiogrphy and CT scan methods were used on 25 procedures in 14 patients on post-operative sinus lift with autogenous bone graft from the iliac crest. Two radiologists evaluated the quantity of the newly formed bone and the quality of the exam for each patient, through different imaging groups. RESULTS: The quantitative bone evaluation between the two types of exam showed a statistically significant difference (Student t-test=0,05 In some cases the difference was up to 14,8 mm between exams on the same patient, having an error of more than 3mm in 16 procedures (64%. CONCLUSIONS: It can be concluded that the quality of the image on the computerized tomography is superior and it is the most reliable method to determine the area of bone augmentation of the maxillary sinus after an antroplasty.

André Luíz Zétola

2002-02-01

314

A Case of Paranasal Sinus Papilloma with Increased FDG Uptake  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The false-positive FDG uptakes on head and neck areas are common due to benign lesion, iatrogenic and physiologic changes. The Schneiderian papilloma is uncommon benign tumor arising from the mucosa of the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity. The findings of paranasal papilloma on conventional modality such as CT and MRI are non-specific and they could be confused with inflammatory polyp or retention cyst. Despite of benign tumor, the papilloma usually shows locally aggressive growth with malignant potential, therefore the FDG can be actively accumulated in this lesion. We describe the case of 18F-FDG PET/CT finding in a 77-year-old woman who demonstrates oncocytic papilloma in maxillary sinus

315

Change of reactive small round cell infiltration in the stroma after pre-operative 8 Gy irradiation using treatment to maxillary sinus carcinoma with Kitasato method and prognosis according to the change  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this paper, we report the results of studying the degree of reactive small round cell infiltration in the stroma as a prognostic indicator of maxillary sinus carcinoma treated with the Kitasato method and the effect of preoperative irradiation at 8 Gy on infiltration in the stroma. Out of 74 patients who had been treated with this method in the 27 years from 1976 to 2002, the following patients were enrolled in this study: 17 patients from whom tissue specimens could be obtained with biopsies or probe antrotomies before preoperative irradiation, and 40 patients from whom tissue specimens could be obtained after preoperative irradiation including those who survived five years and who died of a specific cause. We classified the pattern of distribution of small round cell infiltration in the stroma into three degrees. Stromal infiltration was compared before and after the operation to recognize the prognosis for each patient based on the pattern of distribution of small round cell infiltration in the stroma. The correlation between the degree of stromal infiltration and prognosis was studied statistically. Both the patients with increased stromal infiltration and those postoperatively preserving a preoperative score of 2+ with irradiation at 8 Gy had a good prognosis. The five-year survival rate for patients was significantly higher in those with a score of 2+ for their tissue specimens. The Kitasato treatment method is effective and improves the quality of life (QOL)ive and improves the quality of life (QOL) of patients with maxillary sinus carcinoma. The prognosis was good in the patients with increased or preserved stromal infiltration. The low-dose irradiation and chemotherapy used in combination seemed to be biological response modifiers. (author)

316

Preoperative concurrent CBDCA chemotherapy and accelerated hyperfractionated radiotherapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary region  

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Between 1994 and 2000, 28 patients with T3/T4 squamus cell carcinoma of the maxillary region (maxillary sinus, 22; maxillary gingiva, 4; maxillary bone, 1; buccal mucosa, 1) had accelerated hyperfractionated radiotherapy combined with simultaneous CBDCA chemotherapy preoperatively, at Chiba Cancer Center Hospital. The protocol consisted of combined therapy with accelerated hyperfractionated irradiation of 1.6 Gy, twice a day, to a total dose of 32.0-51.2 Gy and concurrent intra-arterial or intravenous infusion of CBDCA 20-30 mg/body/day for a cumulative total dose of 270-480 mg. After completion of the preoperative combined therapy, the clinical CR rate was 17.9%, and the good PR{center_dot}CR rate was 32.1%. According to the initial findings and response to the combined therapy, all patients had maxillectomy (subtotal, 3; total, 16; extended, 9) 4 weeks after completion of the preoperative combined therapy. Postoperatively, the complete pathologic response (Ohboshi and Shimozato's classification, grade III and IV) rate was 28.6%. And the actuarial local control rate was 85.7%, with a mean follow-up of 46.2 months. Based on these results, we believe this preoperative therapy with CBDCA chemotherapy and accelerated hyperfractionated radiation is a significant choice as treatment for squamous cell cancer of the maxillary region. (author)

Omura, Ken; Harada, Hiroyuki [Tokyo Medical and Dental Univ. (Japan). Graduate School; Suzuki, Haruhiko; Takeuchi, Yosuke; Hatano, Kazuo; Togawa, Takashi

2001-11-01

317

Preoperative concurrent CBDCA chemotherapy and accelerated hyperfractionated radiotherapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary region  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Between 1994 and 2000, 28 patients with T3/T4 squamus cell carcinoma of the maxillary region (maxillary sinus, 22; maxillary gingiva, 4; maxillary bone, 1; buccal mucosa, 1) had accelerated hyperfractionated radiotherapy combined with simultaneous CBDCA chemotherapy preoperatively, at Chiba Cancer Center Hospital. The protocol consisted of combined therapy with accelerated hyperfractionated irradiation of 1.6 Gy, twice a day, to a total dose of 32.0-51.2 Gy and concurrent intra-arterial or intravenous infusion of CBDCA 20-30 mg/body/day for a cumulative total dose of 270-480 mg. After completion of the preoperative combined therapy, the clinical CR rate was 17.9%, and the good PR·CR rate was 32.1%. According to the initial findings and response to the combined therapy, all patients had maxillectomy (subtotal, 3; total, 16; extended, 9) 4 weeks after completion of the preoperative combined therapy. Postoperatively, the complete pathologic response (Ohboshi and Shimozato's classification, grade III and IV) rate was 28.6%. And the actuarial local control rate was 85.7%, with a mean follow-up of 46.2 months. Based on these results, we believe this preoperative therapy with CBDCA chemotherapy and accelerated hyperfractionated radiation is a significant choice as treatment for squamous cell cancer of the maxillary region. (author)

318

Osteoma of paranasal sinuses of a horse  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A 2-year-old Quarter Horse gelding was examined for torticollis, facial protuberances over the frontal and maxillary sinuses, and persistent nasal discharge unresponsive to antibiotics. Radiograph revealed an osseous mass in the right paranasal sinuses. Histologic examination of the biopsied mass led to a diagnosis of osteoma. The mass was removed surgically in sections from the right frontal and maxillary sinuses through separate bone flaps, and sinuses were irrigated with saline solution for 8 days after surgery. Two weeks after surgery, radiography revealed small osseous opacities in the right paranasal sinuses. These opacities remained unchanged in radiographs obtained up to 23 months after surgery

319

Normal value of mucosal thickness of paranasal sinuses, as seen on brain MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate incidentally observed thickened mucosa of paranasal sinuses on brain MRI of patients without evidence of sinusitis. We reviewed brain MRI of 82 adults aged over 20; 45 were males and 37 were females. Brain axial MRI was obtained from the hard palate with 8mm thickness and 2mm gap. The mucosal thickness of incidentally observed paranasal sinuses seen on brain MRI was measured at the mostly thickened portion by T2- and T1-weighted images. The mean mucosal thickness at the most thickened portion of paranasal sinuses, regardless of their location was 3.5mm with S.D. of 1.5mm. The mucosal thickening was observed more commonly in maxillary (79 patients, mean 3.0mm, S.D. 1.4mm) and ethmoid sinuses (80 patients, mean 2.7mm, S.D. 1.1mm) than in sphenoid (39 patients, mean 1.6mm, S.D. 1.4mm) or frontal sinuses (38 patients, mean 1.9mm, S.D. 1.4mm). Mucosal thickening of up to 6.5mm was a common finding on brain MRI of patients without evidence of sinusitis; accuracy was 95%

320

Safe sinus lift: use of acrylic stone trimmer to avoid sinus lining perforation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Iatrogenic injury to the maxillary sinus membrane is a common complication during direct sinus lift procedures. The most common cause is perforation of the Schneiderian membrane using a tungsten-carbide round bur no.6. We propose a safe technique in which an acrylic stone trimmer is used to create a window in the maxillary antrum thereby minimizing the risk of injury to the delicate sinus membrane. PMID:24914914

Haribabu, Prashanth Konatham; Raja, Krishna Kumar; Iyer, Shankar

2014-06-01

321

Avaliação histológica de hidroxiapatita sintética associada a fosfato de cálcio (?-TCP) utilizados em levantamento de assoalho de seio maxilar / Histological evaluation of biphasic hydroxyapatite associated to beta tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP) used in maxillary sinus lift  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Introdução: Quando a altura do osso alveolar residual é insuficiente na região posterior da maxila, a elevação do assoalho do seio maxilar visando a viabilizar a instalação de implantes dentários é um procedimento indicado. O enxerto autógeno (EA) de regiões intra ou extraorais é considerado o padr [...] ão ouro para esse procedimento. Novas opções de substitutos ósseos vêm surgindo, como o Straumann(r) BoneCeramic (BC) - 60% constituído de hidroxiapatita e 40% de ? tricálcio fosfato, 100% sintético -, sendo o material utilizado no presente trabalho. Objetivo: Avaliar e comparar histologicamente o comportamento deste substituto ósseo com o enxerto ósseo autógeno. Material e método: Dez pacientes saudáveis e parcialmente desdentados na região posterior da maxila foram submetidos à elevação do assoalho do seio maxilar previamente à instalação de implantes dentários osseointegráveis, sendo, destes, cinco com EA e cinco com BC. Após seis meses do tempo de integração do enxerto ósseo, as amostras foram coletadas por uma trefina e coradas em hematoxilina e eosina para microscopia. Resultado: Todos os implantes osseointegráveis apresentaram boa estabilidade primária. A análise histológica demonstrou tecido ósseo neoformado viável em quatro das cinco amostras do BC, além de um íntimo contato do tecido ósseo mineralizado recém-formado com as partículas do BC. Em uma amostra do BC, não foi observada formação de osso viável. O tecido ósseo formado a partir do EA e do BC apresentou uma característica histológica similar. Conclusão: O BC se mostrou um material adequado para a elevação do assoalho do seio maxilar previamente à instalação de implantes dentários osseointegráveis. Abstract in english Introduction: Sinus lift to permit insertion of implants when alveolar residual bone height is insufficient may be considered an effective procedure. The use of autogenous bone from intraoral or extraoral sources is considered as the gold standard for this procedure. New options of bone substitutes [...] have been emphasizing, such as Straumann(r) BoneCeramic (BC), consisting of 60% of hydroxyapatite and 40% of calcium phosphate, 100% synthetic material that was used in this work. Objective: This investigation was designed to evaluate and compare the behavior of a fully synthetic biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) 60% hydroxyapatite and 40% of ?-tricalcium phosphate (Straumann(r) Bone-Ceramic) to the autogenous bone graft (ABG) in maxillary sinus floor elevation procedure prior to installation dental implants. Material and method: Ten healthy patients who were partially edentulous in the posterior maxilla were included in this study and submitted to a unilateral maxillary sinus floor elevation procedure, with grafting using either ABG (control group; 5 patients) or BCP (test group; 5 patients). After 6 months of healing implant sites were created and biopsies taken for histological analyses. Result: A primary stability was achieved with all dental implants after the biopsies. Histological investigation showed a viable new bone tissue formed in 4 of 5 BCP specimens. Also, showed close contact between new bone and BCP particles, in 4 of 5 specimens. In 1 of 5 BCP specimens no viable bone tissue was found. Both ABG and BCP produced similar amounts of newly formed bone, with similar histologic appearance. Conclusion: The results indicate that BCP is a suitable material for sinus augmentation for the placement of dental implants.

Luis Gustavo Jaime, Paiva; Aline Carvalho, Batista; Leandro Cardoso de, Carvalho; Robson Rodrigues, Garcia.

2014-04-01

322

Reconstrução do seio maxilar atrófico com enxerto autólogo de crista ilíaca: avaliação por tomografia computadorizada e radiografia panorâmica / Autologus crest iliac graft in the reconstruction of resorbed maxillary sinus: evaluation through computed tomography and panoramic radiography  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: As dificuldades para a utilização de implantes dentários osteointegrados em pacientes portadores de atrofia do seio maxilar justificaram o emprego de enxerto autólogo não vascularizado de crista ilíaca isolado ou associado à hidroxiapatita (HA) em 14 pacientes submetidos a 25 procedimento [...] s no Hospital das Nações, Curitiba, Paraná, portadores de atrofia do sinus maxilar. O objetivo foi avaliar comparativamente a precisão da tomografia computadorizada e da radiografia panorâmica, através da quantificação da neoformação óssea nesta estrutura. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionadas pacientes edentados, com altura óssea residual do rebordo gengival ao soalho do seio maxilar menor que 5mm. O enxerto medular de crista ilíaca fragmentada isolado ou misturado com HA foi colocado através da parede lateral no soalho atrófico da cuba maxilar por via submucosa. A avaliação quantitativa e qualitativa foi feita através da radiografia panorâmica e tomografia computadorizada, sendo utilizado na análise estatística a distribuição t de Student (prevalência de 0,05) para análise das variâncias, considerado que a leitura dos laudos radiológicos foi feita por dois especialistas, medindo a distância entre os pontos inferiores e superiores do enxerto no soalho do seio maxilar. RESULTADOS: Tivemos um ganho médio de 14,8mm em todos os procedimentos, com um erro maior que 3mm em 16 procedimentos (64%) e incorporação satisfatória do enxerto ósseo suficiente para futuro implante dentário. CONCLUSÕES: A tomografia computadorizada foi o método de escolha na avaliação qualitativa e quantitativa da incorporação de enxerto autólogo não vascularizado em seio maxilar atrófico. Abstract in english BACKGROUND:There are different methods to evaluate bone grafts in the maxillary sinus. Panoramic radiography is the most common one, even though assessment could be difficult. Occasionaly computerized tomography (CT)is another option but cost and radiation in excess should be considered. Our objecti [...] ve is to compare these two imaging methods. METHODS: Both panoramic radiogrphy and CT scan methods were used on 25 procedures in 14 patients on post-operative sinus lift with autogenous bone graft from the iliac crest. Two radiologists evaluated the quantity of the newly formed bone and the quality of the exam for each patient, through different imaging groups. RESULTS: The quantitative bone evaluation between the two types of exam showed a statistically significant difference (Student t-test=0,05) In some cases the difference was up to 14,8 mm between exams on the same patient, having an error of more than 3mm in 16 procedures (64%). CONCLUSIONS: It can be concluded that the quality of the image on the computerized tomography is superior and it is the most reliable method to determine the area of bone augmentation of the maxillary sinus after an antroplasty.

André Luíz, Zétola; João Luiz, Carlini; Ricardo Pires de, Souza; Abrão, Rapoport.

2002-02-01

323

The nose and sinus manometry: a bio-physical model applied to functional endoscopic sinus surgery.  

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The effectiveness of sinus ventilation is due to a regular anatomy of inner nose structures such as the maxillary sinus ostium. With the aid of nose and sinus manometric measurements, it is possible to show that better functional results can be achieved using a conservative surgical technique. The present study compared 30 patients subdivided in two groups. Group A underwent conservative endoscopic sinus surgery whereas group B was operated on using non-conservative endoscopic sinus surgery. Thirty days later, both groups underwent a manometric survey of the maxillary sinus ostium by means of the digital manometry system. The pressure values obtained by nasal and sinus manometry in Group A or Group B patients were referred to those obtained in a Standard Group without nasal-sinus pathologies, calculating a percentage index of functional efficacy (maxillary sinus functional efficacy). The average percentage of the maxillary sinus functional efficacy was 98,35 percent for group-A patients, and 49,73 percent for group-B patients. Student t test revealed a statistical difference only between group B patients and standard group patients (p less than 0.4). Patients submitted to a more aggressive endoscopic approach showed inadequate sinus ventilation when compared to the standard reference group. PMID:24382183

Gamerra, M; De Luca, R; Pagano, G; Merone, M; Cassano, M

2013-01-01

324

Normal development of paranasal sinuses in children: A CT study  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the normal development of the paranasal sinuses in children with CT, authors prospectively studied with brain CT scans of 260 children without known sinus disease, ranging image from 7 days to 16 years. Maximal anteroposterior and transverse diameters(mm) and maximal cross- sectional area(mm2) of both sides of the maxillary sinus were measured with the aid of computer device. As to the ethmoidal and spheroidal sinuses, we simply documented the presence of the aplastic ethmoidal sinus and calculated the age-incidence of the spheroidal sinus pneumatization, respectively.There noted three phases in the development of the maxillary sinus. The anteroposterior and transverse diameters of the maxillary sinus increased nearly in parallel. The former was always greater than the latter. In no cases was the edathamil sinus aplastic and almost all sinuses were pneumatized even in infants as early as 7 old days. CT identified the conchal pattern of sphenoidal sinus pneumatization infants as early as 11 days old. Sphenoidal sinus pneumatization was seen in 38% of the children under the age of 1 year, 82% of the children between the age of 1 and 2 years, and almost all children older than 2 years. The anteroposterior and transverse diameters of the maxillary sinus seem to reach the adult size by 8 years of age, and the conchal pattern of sphemoidal sinus pneumatization can be recognized earlier with CT than on the plain radiographsn radiographs

325

"Silent sinus syndrome": One more indication for functional endoscopic sinus surgery  

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Full Text Available Introduction. Silent sinus syndrome is a rare condition, characterized by spontaneous and progressive enophthalmos and hypoglobus associated with atelectasis of the maxillary sinus and downward displacement of the orbital floor. Patients with this syndrome present with ophthalmological complaints, without any nasal or sinus symptoms. Silent sinus syndrome has a painless course and slow development. It seems to be a consequence of maxillary sinus hypoventilation due to obstruction of the ostiomeatal unit. The CT scan findings are typical and definitely confirm the diagnosis of silent sinus syndrome. Case report. We present the case of a 35-year-old woman, with no history of orbital trauma or surgery. She had slight righthemifacial pressure with no sinonasal symptoms. The patient had no double vision nor other ophthalmological symptoms. The diagnosis of silent sinus syndrome was based on the gradual onset of enophthalmos and hypoglobus, in the absence of orbital trauma (including surgery or prior symptoms of sinus disease. On paranasal CT scans there was a complete opacification and atelectasis of the right maxillary sinus with downward bowing of the orbital floor. The patient was treated with functional endoscopic sinus surgery, with no orbital repair. Conclusion. Silent sinus syndrome presents with orbithopaties but is in fact a rhinologic disease, so all ophthalmologists, rhinologists and radiologists should know about it. The treatment of choice for silent sinus syndrome is functional endoscopic sinus surgery, which should be performed with extra care, by an experienced rhinosurgeon.

Jovan?evi? Ljiljana

2014-01-01

326

Alternativas a la elevación de seno maxilar: rehabilitación del sector posterior del maxilar atrófico mediante implantes pterigoideos Alternatives to maxillary sinus lift: posterior area of the atrophic maxilla rehabilitation by means pterigoideal implants  

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Full Text Available El primer y segundo molar son los dientes que se pierden más a menudo debido a la enfermedad periodontal y al exceso de fuerzas oclusales. A pesar de la frecuencia del edentulismo parcial del sector posterior raramente se ubican los implantes más allá de los premolares debido al aumento del índice de fallos. El escaso volumen óseo y la pobre mineralización del sector posterior del maxilar comprometen la viabilidad de las rehabilitaciones con implantes a largo plazo. Además, la cresta ósea a nivel del seno maxilar, en el maxilar atrófico, no suele permitir el anclaje de implantes de 10 mm. Se han propuesto varias técnicas para rehabilitar el sector posterior del maxilar atrófico: implantes cortos, extensiones protésicas, injerto sinusal, implante cigomático. El implante pterigoideo es otro de los posibles tratamientos para rehabilitar el sector posterior del maxilar atrófico. Anclado en el hueso cortical de la apófisis del esfenoides el implante pterigoideo evita la necesidad de injertar o utilizar extensiones protésicas. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar las indicaciones, la técnica, complicaciones y supervivencia del implante pterigoideo en el sector posterior del maxilar atrófico.The first and second molar are the teeth most commonly lost in the maxilla, mainly due to periodontal disease and excessive occlusal force. 1 Although partial edentulism of the posterior maxilla is common, implants are seldom placed distal to the premolars because failure rates in the posterior maxilla have historically been high. Poor volume and low density of bone are the worst conditions for long-term anchorage in the maxilla. 7 Moreover, bone under the maxillary sinus, in the atrophic maxilla, is usually insufficient to enable placement of 10 mm implants. Several techniques have been proposed to restore the atrophic posterior maxilla: short implants, prosthetic cantilevers, sinus bone graft, zigomatic fixtures. Pterygoid implants are other possible treatment of the atrophic edentulous posterior maxilla. Anchored in the cortical bone of the pterygoid process, such implants avoid the need for bone grafting and/or prosthetic cantilevering. The aim of this article is to analyst indications, surgical procedure, complications and survival rates of pterygoid implants in the posterior atrophic maxilla.

X. Rodríguez-Ciurana

2008-12-01

327

Dose-finding and efficacy confirmation trial of superselective intra-arterial infusion of cisplatin and concomitant radiotherapy for patients with locally advanced maxillary sinus cancer (JCOG1212, RADPLAT-MSC).  

Science.gov (United States)

A dose-finding and efficacy confirmation trial was started in Japan in April 2014 to evaluate the efficacy and safety of superselective intra-arterial infusion of cisplatin and concomitant radiotherapy for locally advanced maxillary sinus cancer. A total of 18 patients will be enrolled in the dose-finding phase for the determination of the recommended number of cisplatin cycles, and 65 patients with T4aN0M0 and 62 patients with T4bN0M0, including those who received the recommended number of or fewer cycles in the dose-finding phase, will be enrolled from 16 institutions within a 5-year period in the efficacy confirmation phase. The primary endpoints of the dose-finding and the efficacy confirmation phases are dose-limiting toxicities and 3-year overall survival, respectively. This trial was registered at the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry (http://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/) under Trial No. UMIN000013706. PMID:25332419

Homma, Akihiro; Nakamura, Kenichi; Matsuura, Kazuto; Mizusawa, Junki; Onimaru, Rikiya; Fukuda, Haruhiko; Fujii, Masato

2015-01-01

328

The etiology of maxillary canine impactions.  

Science.gov (United States)

The etiology of tooth impactions has long been related to an arch-length deficiency. This is valid for most impactions, but not for palatal impaction of the maxillary canine. This study shows that 85 percent of the palatally impacted canines have sufficient space for eruption. The bud of the maxillary canine is wedged between the nasal cavity, the orbit, and the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus. The buds of the lateral incisor and the first premolar are located behind the canine's palatal surface. An arch-length deficiency will not allow the maxillary canine to "jump" the buds, the nasal cavity, or the sinus in order to reappear in the palate. A canine can be palatally impacted if an extra space is available in the maxillary bone. This space can be provided by (1) excessive growth in the base of the maxillary bone, (2) space created by agenesis or peg-shaped lateral incisors, or (3) stimulated eruption of the lateral incisor or the first premolar. In those conditions the canine is free to "dive" in the bone and to become palatally impacted. A dysplasia in the maxillary-premaxillary suture can also modify the direction of the maxillary canine's eruption. PMID:6576636

Jacoby, H

1983-08-01

329

Schneider Membrane Elevation in Presence of Sinus Septa: Anatomic Features and Surgical Management  

OpenAIRE

Maxillary sinus floor elevation via a lateral approach is a predictable technique to increase bone volume of the edentulous posterior maxilla and consequently for dental implants placement. The sinus floor is elevated and it can be augmented with either autologous or xenogeneic bone grafts following an opening bone window created on the facial buccal wall. Maxillary septa are walls of cortical bone within the maxillary sinus. The septa shape has been described as an inverted gothic arch arisi...

Mario Beretta; Marco Cicciù; Ennio Bramanti; Carlo Maiorana

2012-01-01

330

Sinus Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available Sinus Surgery Introduction Sinus surgery is a very common and safe operation. Your doctor may recommend that you have ... is the most responsive to surgery. Polyp Sinus Surgery Sinus surgery is very safe. The aim of ...

331

Sinus Surgery  

Science.gov (United States)

... evaluation of chronic sinusitis. Sinus Surgical Options Include: Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS): Developed in the 1950s, ... altered anatomical landmarks, or where a patient?s sinus anatomy is very unusual, making typical surgery difficult. Image ...

332

Pediatric Sinusitis  

Science.gov (United States)

Pediatric Sinusitis Pediatric Sinusitis Patient Health Information News media interested in covering the latest from AAO-HNS/F can find information ... sinuses are present at birth. Unlike in adults, pediatric sinusitis is difficult to diagnose because symptoms of ...

333

A novel technique to close large perforation of sinus membrane  

OpenAIRE

Maxillary sinus floor elevation is generally accepted as a regenerative procedure to facilitate dental implants placement in the posterior atrophic maxilla. Although the sinus lift procedure is relatively safe, some potential problems could be occur. The most prevalent intraoperative complication is perforation of sinus membrane, which can lead to graft infection and early failure.

Clementini, M.; Ottria, L.; Pandolfi, C.; Bollero, P.

2013-01-01

334

The role of functional sinus surgery for treatment of antrochoanal polyp  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Antrochoanal polyp (ACP is a benign lesion which arises from the mucosa of maxillary sinus, fills it and expands through natural ostium towards choana protruding in the epipharynx. Objective: to present our experience in endoscopic surgery of ACP. Material and methods: prospective study included 24 patients operated at the Institute of Otorinolaryngology and Maxillofacial surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, in the period 2002- 2004. Subjective symptoms, endoscopic and CT findings were evaluated postoperatively, following up the patients in the period 12-20 months. Subjective difficulties of patients were tested by 100mm-analogue scale, while endoscopic and CT findings were demonstrated by three-stage scale from 0 to 2. Applying the technique of ACP extraction in Trendelenburg’s position and approaching the part which protrudes in the epipharynx, we successfully removed the endonasal part by means of curved forceps for epipharyngeal biopsy. By endoscopic middle meatotomy, the natural ostium of maxillary sinus was expanded and pathological process from the very sinus was successfully removed. Results: only one female patient had the majority of symptoms after the operation, while all others had no complaints. Endoscopic and CT findings were normal in all patients at the latest control, without any signs of ACP recurrence. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications. Conclusion: minimal damage to sinus mucosa due to forceps is lesser problem than complications developed upon creating even the miniature opening in the canine fossa. Using this technique, a dexterous surgeon may successfully extract pathological process with minimal incidence of recurrence, and, more important, with no complications and maximally fast recovery of patients. .

Vuji?i? Z.

2007-01-01

335

Evolution of the paranasal sinuses' anatomy through the ages  

Science.gov (United States)

Previously, anatomists considered paranasal sinuses as a mysterious region of the human skull. Historically, paranasal sinuses were first identified by ancient Egyptians and later, by Greek physicians. After a long period of no remarkable improvement in the understanding of anatomy during the Middle Ages, anatomists of the Renaissance period-Leonardo da Vinci and Vesalius-made their own contribution. Nathaniel Highmore's name is also associated with the anatomy of paranasal sinuses as he was first to describe the maxillary sinus. PMID:24386595

Mavrodi, Alexandra

2013-01-01

336

The Importance of Paranasal Sinuses Computed Tomography Scan (CT scan) in Sinusitis  

OpenAIRE

"nThe inflammatory changes of paranasal sinus (PNS) mucosa or sinusitis are among the most common inflammatory diseases of the human body. Diagnosis of sinusitis is based on clinical findings. Sinusitis could be clinically presented as acute and chronic entities which these can only be differentiated from each other on the basis of the duration of the patient’s symptoms and signs, and the imaging cannot be useful for this differentiation. "n The major role of imag...

Shervin Sharif Kashany

2009-01-01

337

Sinus Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... and lubricate the nose, keeping it free of bacteria and dust. The sinuses are lined by special ... allergy medications. For sinusitis caused by infections or bacteria growing in the sinuses, antibiotics are given to ...

338

Sinus Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... cilia. All sinuses are connected to the nasal cavity through small tube-like openings. The opening where the sinuses join together in the nasal cavity is called the ‘middle meatus.’ Healthy sinuses are ...

339

Sinus Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Middle Meatus Sinuses are empty pockets filled with air in the head. There are four pairs of sinuses in the skull. Sinuses circulate air and lubricate the nose, keeping it free of ...

340

Sinus Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... turbinates swells, the sinus openings could become blocked. Diagnosis The doctor determines if the patient has sinusitis ... Document Outline Introduction Anatomy Symptoms and their Causes Diagnosis Medical Treatment Sinus Surgery Risks and Complications After ...

341

Quiste dentígero asociado con un diente ectópico en el seno maxilar: Reporte de un caso y revisión de la literatura / Dentigerous cyst associated with an ectopic tooth in the maxillary sinus: A report of one case and review of the literature  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El quiste dentígero o folicular es un quiste odontogénico benigno que se encuentra relacionado con la corona de dientes no erupcionados con mayor porcentaje de incidencia en terceros molares, caninos y dientes supernumerarios; los cuales se pueden hallar en posiciones ectópicas, en el maxilar superi [...] or se ubican preferentemente en el seno maxilar. Se reporta caso de un quiste dentígero asociado a un tercer molar superior izquierdo en el seno maxilar en un paciente femenino de 19 años de edad la cual es remitida a la Clínica de Diagnóstico Oral en la Escuela de Odontología Curso de Funorte-Brasil. De igual manera se realizo una revisión bibliográfica de esta entidad patológica, sus características clínicas, tratamiento y pronostico. Abstract in english Dentigerous or follicular cyst is a benign odontogenic cyst is related to the crown of unerupted teeth with the highest percentage of incidence in third molars, canines and supernumerary teeth which can be found in ectopic positions in the upper jaw are located preferably in the maxillary sinus. We [...] report a case of dentigerous cyst associated with a left upper third molar into the maxillary sinus in a female patient 19 years old who is sent to the Oral Diagnosis Clinic at the School of Dentistry Course Funorte-Brazil. In the same way we made a literature review of this pathological entity, their clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis.

D., Antunes Freitas; C.I., Vergara Hernández; A., Díaz Caballero; V., Comino Mol.

2011-12-01

342

Quiste dentígero asociado con un diente ectópico en el seno maxilar: Reporte de un caso y revisión de la literatura Dentigerous cyst associated with an ectopic tooth in the maxillary sinus: A report of one case and review of the literature  

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Full Text Available El quiste dentígero o folicular es un quiste odontogénico benigno que se encuentra relacionado con la corona de dientes no erupcionados con mayor porcentaje de incidencia en terceros molares, caninos y dientes supernumerarios; los cuales se pueden hallar en posiciones ectópicas, en el maxilar superior se ubican preferentemente en el seno maxilar. Se reporta caso de un quiste dentígero asociado a un tercer molar superior izquierdo en el seno maxilar en un paciente femenino de 19 años de edad la cual es remitida a la Clínica de Diagnóstico Oral en la Escuela de Odontología Curso de Funorte-Brasil. De igual manera se realizo una revisión bibliográfica de esta entidad patológica, sus características clínicas, tratamiento y pronostico.Dentigerous or follicular cyst is a benign odontogenic cyst is related to the crown of unerupted teeth with the highest percentage of incidence in third molars, canines and supernumerary teeth which can be found in ectopic positions in the upper jaw are located preferably in the maxillary sinus. We report a case of dentigerous cyst associated with a left upper third molar into the maxillary sinus in a female patient 19 years old who is sent to the Oral Diagnosis Clinic at the School of Dentistry Course Funorte-Brazil. In the same way we made a literature review of this pathological entity, their clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis.

D. Antunes Freitas

2011-12-01

343

Prevalence of incidental paranasal sinus opacification in dental paediatric patients  

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The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of sinus opacification among dental paediatric patients. Two hundred and eight Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) scans of dental patients under the age of 18 were reviewed for sinus opacification. Patients with any sinus-related signs or symptoms were excluded. The overall prevalence of sinus opacification was 48.1%. The ethmoid (28.4%) and maxillary (27.8%) sinuses were most frequently affected. There were no statistically significant differences for both age and gender. The high prevalence of sinus opacification in asymptomatic children emphasizes the necessity of clinical correlation.

Cho, Bong Hae; Jung, Yun Hoa; Nah, Kyung Soo [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

2008-12-15

344

Elevación de seno maxilar y colocación simultánea de implantes utilizando plasma rico en factores de crecimiento (PRFC), hidroxiapatita y aloinjerto: Reporte de un caso de siete años / Maxillary sinus elevation and simultaneous implant placement using PRGF (plasma rich in growth factors), hydroxyapatite and allogenic graft: Seven year case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La elevación de piso de seno maxilar es un procedimiento quirúrgico predecible que se realiza con la finalidad de aumentar verticalmente la cantidad de hueso en la región posterior del maxilar para poder realizar una rehabilitación protésica implantosoportada. El propósito de este trabajo es describ [...] ir un caso clínico donde se realizó elevación de piso de seno maxilar utilizando plasma rico en factores de crecimiento, hidroxiapatita absorbible y aloinjerto óseo como materiales de injerto subantral y la colocación simultánea de dos implantes de superficie tratada (Osseotite, 3i) y reportar los resultados clínicos y radiográficos obtenidos siete días, seis meses y siete años después de la cirugía, observando una cicatrización adecuada tanto clínica como radiográficamente. El procedimiento quirúrgico utilizado en este caso clínico resultó una buena opción para poder colocar implantes en áreas maxilares posteriores atróficas. Abstract in english Maxillary sinus floor elevation is a predictable surgical procedure meant to vertically increase the amount of bone in the posterior region of the upper jaw to enable placement of a prosthetic rehabilitation device supported by implants. The aim of the present article was to describe elevation of th [...] e maxillary sinus floor using plasma rich in growth factors, absorbable hydroxyapatite and bone allograft as sub-antral graft materials with simultaneous placement of two surface treated implants (Osseotite, 3i). The present article also reported clinical and radiographic results obtained at seven days, six months and seven years after the surgery. From the clinical and radiographic standpoint suitable healing was observed. The surgical procedure used in the present clinical case was considered a suitable option to place implants in atrophic maxillary areas.

Nayibe, Hernández Tejeda; Ma. del Carmen, López Buendía.

2013-09-01

345

Giant osteoma of the ethmoidal sinus  

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Full Text Available Introduction: The osteomas are osseous lesions with slow and asymptomatic growth that most of the times is a finding in radiological exams requested for other reason. It's the most common benign neoplasm of the paranasal sinuses. The osteomas are located mainly in the frontal sinus (57% to 80%, followed by the ethmoidal sinuses (20%, maxillary sinuses and rarely in the sphenoid sinus. It has a discreet predominance in the male sex 1.5 and its incidence is higher in the 3rd and 4th decades of life. The treatment is surgical no matter the size. Objective: To describe a case of giant osteoma of the ethmoidal sinus including a brief literature review. Case Report: JDA, male, 33 years old, presented with a right constant nasal obstruction for 01 year. Upon exam, he presented with facial asymmetry with lateralization of the right ocular globe. The computed tomography of the paranasal sinuses showed a lesion with density of soft parts occupying partially the right nasal cavity, ethmoid sinus and right maxillary. The patient was submitted to surgery with full exeresis of the lesion. The anatomopathological exam confirmed osteoma. The patient evolved without evidences of the lesion recurrence. Final Comments: The osteomas in the ethmoidal sinus, irrespectively of the size and due to the risk of complications, must be operated.

Marambaia, Otavio

2009-06-01

346

Absence of pulmonary aspiration of sinus contents in patients with asthma and sinusitis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The frequent association of asthma and paranasal sinusitis has been ascribed to a nasobronchial reflex, aspiration of sinus secretions, or enhanced beta-adrenergic blockade. We investigated possible pulmonary aspiration in a pilot study (eight patients) and follow-up study (13 patients) by means of a radionuclide technique. In the pilot study, the aim was to demonstrate aspiration as well as visibility of the radionuclide in the thorax during a period of 24 hours. The radionuclide was initially placed bronchoscopically in the bronchial tree in four patients and was still clearly visible in the same position after 24 hours in three patients. Aspiration from the nasopharynx was unequivocally demonstrated in two of four patients with depressed consciousness. The follow-up study population consisted of four patients with maxillary sinusitis only and nine patients with sinusitis and asthma. The radionuclide was placed in a maxillary sinus during therapeutic puncture. In the patients with only sinusitis as well as patients with asthma and sinusitis the radionuclide could be demonstrated in the maxillary sinus, nasopharynx, esophagus, and lower gastrointestinal tract during a 24-hour period. However, no pulmonary aspiration of radionuclide could be demonstrated in any patient. We conclude that seeding of the lower airways by mucopurulent secretions is unlikely to account for coexistent pulmonary disease. The association is probably related to generalized mucosal disease affeelated to generalized mucosal disease affecting both upper and lower airways

347

Application of laser and PDT to treatment of recurrent cancer in the paranasal sinuses  

Science.gov (United States)

Forty-one cases of recurrent cancer in the maxillary sinus and ethmoid sinus were treated by Nd:YAG laser, CO2 laser, PDT, and operation. The partial skull fundus invaded by the advanced carcinoma in the maxillary sinus and ethmoid sinus was resected with laser through the cranial facial section. The cancer in the maxillary sinus is the most common in primary paranasal carcinoma, accounting for 80 percent. The malignant tumors in the ethmoid sinus are minor. Radiation and operation are usually performed in them, but it is easy for the cancer to recur after treatment. To save and continue life, 41 cases of recurrent carcinoma in the paranasal sinuses were cured by laser and PDT from 1979 to 1991.

Xin, Jiang

1993-03-01

348

Laser therapy in sinusitis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The sinusitis is an inflammation of one or more breasts peri-nasals. It is common in the months of winter and it can last months or years if it is not treat. At the moment we have several means that try to offer our patients a better treatment. One of these instruments is the low power laser that for their properties to the interaction with the biological tissues offers therapeutic effects on the alive tissues, achieving at the level cellular important changes for a quick answer of the damaged tissue. We intended to demonstrate the effectiveness of the treatment with low power laser in patient with sinusitis. It was carried out an explanatory and retrospective study, where it was applied as treatment the low power laser, for that which a team of model Cuban production Fisser 21. The feminine sex, the affected age group prevailed it was among 36 to 50 years for both groups, the maxillary sinusitis prevailed regarding the frontal. The migraine, the nasal obstruction and the sensation of congestion of the head were present in most of the cases. 75% of the patients' treaties noticed improvement of the symptoms between the 1st and 3rd sessions. At the end 80% cured without necessity of a second treatment cycle. The accompanying symptoms almost disappeared in their entirety. We recommend using the treatment of low power laser, as therapy of first line for the treatment of sinusitis of infectious cause. (Author)

349

Bone defect repair on the alveolar wall of the maxillary sinus using collagen membranes and temporal fascia: an experimental study in monkeys / Reparo em defeito ósseo da parede alveolar do seio maxilar utilizando membranas de colágeno e fáscia temporal: estudo experimental em macacos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Poucos experimentos têm sido conduzidos utilizando o princípio da regeneração óssea guiada nas perfurações ósseas do seio maxilar. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o processo de reparo ósseo em defeitos cirúrgicos experimentais realizados na parede alveolar do seio maxilar, comunicando-se com a cavidade sinusal ut [...] ilizando membranas de colágeno e fáscia temporal. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Neste estudo prospectivo, experimental, foram realizados defeitos ósseos em paredes alveolares dos seios maxilares comunicando-se com as cavidades sinusais de quatro macacos pregos (Cebus apella) com membranas de colágeno Gen-derm - Genius Baumer, Pro-tape - Proline e fáscia temporal autóloga e análises histológicas após 180 dias. RESULTADOS: No defeito experimental sem cobertura com métodos de barreira predominou proliferação óssea em dois animais e nos outros dois, tecido conjuntivo fibroso; no grupo em que foi utilizado fáscia temporal predominou tecido conjuntivo fibroso em três animais e proliferação óssea em um animal; nos grupos com membranas de colágeno Gen-derm Pro-tape houve completa proliferação óssea em três animais e predomínio de tecido conjuntivo fibroso em um animal. CONCLUSÕES: Os defeitos cirúrgicos experimentais podem ser reparados, tanto por tecido ósseo como por tecido conjuntivo fibroso, e o uso de membranas de colágeno trouxeram benefícios ao processo de reparo ósseo Abstract in english Few studies has been done using guided bone regeneration in maxillary sinus defects. AIM: To assess the bone repair process in surgical defects on the alveolar wall of the monkey maxillary sinus, which communicates with the sinus cavity, by using collagen membranes: Gen-derm - Genius Baumer, Pro-tap [...] e - Proline and autologous temporal fascia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective and experimental study, orosinusal communications were performed in four tufted capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) and histologic analysis was carried out 180 days after. RESULTS: In the defects without a cover (control), bone proliferation predominated in two animals and fibrous connective tissue predominated in the other two. In defects repaired with a temporal fascia flap, fibrous connective tissue predominated in three animals and bone proliferation predominated in one. In the defects repaired with Gen-derm or Pro-tape collagen membranes there was complete bone proliferation in three animals and fibrous connective tissue in one. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical defect can be repaired with both bone tissue and fibrous connective tissue in all study groups; collagen membranes was more beneficial in the bone repair process than temporal fascia or absence of a barrier

Adalberto Novaes, Silva; José Américo de, Oliveira; Maria Célia, Jamur; José Ari Gualberto, Junqueira; Vani Maria, Correa; Wilma Terezinha Anselmo, Lima.

2011-08-01

350

Bone defect repair on the alveolar wall of the maxillary sinus using collagen membranes and temporal fascia: an experimental study in monkeys Reparo em defeito ósseo da parede alveolar do seio maxilar utilizando membranas de colágeno e fáscia temporal: estudo experimental em macacos  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Few studies has been done using guided bone regeneration in maxillary sinus defects. AIM: To assess the bone repair process in surgical defects on the alveolar wall of the monkey maxillary sinus, which communicates with the sinus cavity, by using collagen membranes: Gen-derm - Genius Baumer, Pro-tape - Proline and autologous temporal fascia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective and experimental study, orosinusal communications were performed in four tufted capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella and histologic analysis was carried out 180 days after. RESULTS: In the defects without a cover (control, bone proliferation predominated in two animals and fibrous connective tissue predominated in the other two. In defects repaired with a temporal fascia flap, fibrous connective tissue predominated in three animals and bone proliferation predominated in one. In the defects repaired with Gen-derm or Pro-tape collagen membranes there was complete bone proliferation in three animals and fibrous connective tissue in one. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical defect can be repaired with both bone tissue and fibrous connective tissue in all study groups; collagen membranes was more beneficial in the bone repair process than temporal fascia or absence of a barrierPoucos experimentos têm sido conduzidos utilizando o princípio da regeneração óssea guiada nas perfurações ósseas do seio maxilar. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o processo de reparo ósseo em defeitos cirúrgicos experimentais realizados na parede alveolar do seio maxilar, comunicando-se com a cavidade sinusal utilizando membranas de colágeno e fáscia temporal. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Neste estudo prospectivo, experimental, foram realizados defeitos ósseos em paredes alveolares dos seios maxilares comunicando-se com as cavidades sinusais de quatro macacos pregos (Cebus apella com membranas de colágeno Gen-derm - Genius Baumer, Pro-tape - Proline e fáscia temporal autóloga e análises histológicas após 180 dias. RESULTADOS: No defeito experimental sem cobertura com métodos de barreira predominou proliferação óssea em dois animais e nos outros dois, tecido conjuntivo fibroso; no grupo em que foi utilizado fáscia temporal predominou tecido conjuntivo fibroso em três animais e proliferação óssea em um animal; nos grupos com membranas de colágeno Gen-derm Pro-tape houve completa proliferação óssea em três animais e predomínio de tecido conjuntivo fibroso em um animal. CONCLUSÕES: Os defeitos cirúrgicos experimentais podem ser reparados, tanto por tecido ósseo como por tecido conjuntivo fibroso, e o uso de membranas de colágeno trouxeram benefícios ao processo de reparo ósseo

Adalberto Novaes Silva

2011-08-01

351

Sinus Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... the benefits and risks of this procedure. Anatomy Middle Meatus Sinuses are empty pockets filled with air ... together in the nasal cavity is called the ‘middle meatus.’ Healthy sinuses are not plugged and the ...

352

Sinus Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... understand the benefits and risks of this procedure. Anatomy Middle Meatus Sinuses are empty pockets filled with ... reviewed: 01/16/2013 6 Document Outline Introduction Anatomy Symptoms and their Causes Diagnosis Medical Treatment Sinus ...

353

Sinusitis: Overview  

Science.gov (United States)

... your doctor before using an over-the-counter cold medicine. Some cold medicines can make your symptoms worse or cause other ... a humidifier help my sinusitis? Should I take cold medicine? Should I stop swimming until my sinusitis clears ...

354

Sinus Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... try to determine the cause of the sinusitis. Medical Treatment Most cases of sinusitis are successfully treated ... anesthesia are more likely in patients with previous medical problems, such as heart attacks or lung problems. ...

355

Sinus Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... it is swallowed. Symptoms and their Causes Infections, allergies, or obstruction of the openings of the sinuses ... to determine if the sinusitis is caused by allergies, infections, or by an obstruction. X-rays and ...

356

Sinus Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... may recommend that you have sinus surgery. The decision whether or not to have sinus surgery is ... also possible for the blockage to happen again, making another surgery necessary. After the Surgery After recovering ...

357

Sinus Histiocytosis Histiocitose Sinusal  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

The author describes a case of massive lynphadenopathy, fever, astenia and sweating, with 3 weeks evolution. The patient was investigated in a health unit in Sapiranga – RS, Brazil, where he diagnosed with sinus histiocytosis (Rosai-Dorfman disease. After initial treatment in the health unit, the patient was transferred to a reference service.

O autor relata o caso de um paciente com linfadenopatia cervical maciça, febre, astenia e sudorese com evolução de três semanas. Iniciada investigação em Unidade de Saúde de Sapiranga – RS, Brasil – diagnosticou-se histiocitose sinusal (doença de Rosai-Dorfman, sendo realizado manejo inicial e, posteriormente, encaminhado o paciente para serviço de referência.

Jocinei Santos de Arruda

2010-11-01

358

[Orbital complications of sinusitis].  

Science.gov (United States)

Orbital complications categorised by Chandler are emergency. They need early diagnosis and agresive treatment. Stage and origin of orbital complications are identified by rhinoendoscopy, ophtalmologic examination and CT of orbite and paranasal sinuses. Periorbital cellulitis and early stage of orbital cellulitis can be treated conservatively with i. v. antibiotics. Monitoring of laboratory parameters and ophtalmologic symptoms is mandatory. Lack of improvement or worsening of symptoms within 24-48 hours and advanced stages of orbital complications are indicated for surgery. The purpose of the study is to evaluate epidemiology, clinical features and management of sinogenic orbital complications. Retrospective data of 8 patients with suspicion of orbital complication admited to hospital from 2008 to 2013 were evaluated. Patients were analyzed in terms of gender, age, CT findings, microbiology, clinical features, stage and treatment. Male and female were afected in rate 1,66:1. Most of patients were young adult in 3rd. and 4th. decade of life (62,5 %). Acute and chronic sinusitis were cause of orbital complication in the same rate. The most common origin of orbital complication was ethmoiditis (62,5 %), than maxillary (25 %) and frontal (12,5 %) sinusitis. Polysinusitis with affection of ethmoidal, maxillary and frontal sinuses (75 %) was usual CT finding. Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus were etiological agens in half of cases. Periorbital oedema (100 %), proptosis, chemosis (50 %), diplopia and glaucoma (12,5 %) were observed. Based on examinations, diagnosis of periorbital oedema/preseptal cellulitis was made in 3 (37,5 %), orbital cellulitis in 3 (37,5 %) and subperiosteal abscess in 2 cases (25 %). All patients underwent combined therapy - i. v. antibiotics and surgery within 24 hours. Eradication of disease from ostiomeatal complex (OMC), drainage of affected sinuses and drainage of subperiosteal abscess were done via fuctional endonasal endoscopic surgery (FEES). In case of superior subperiosteal abscess, combined endonasal and external approach (external orbitotomy) was needed. Combined therapy facilitated quick improvement of local and systematic symptoms. Average time of hospitalisation was 7 days. Early diagnosis and agresive combined therapy prevent loss of vision and life threatening complications.Key words: orbital complications, sinusitis, OMC, FEES. PMID:25640234

Šucha?, M; Hor?ák, M; Kaliarik, L; Krempaská, S; Koštialová, T; Kova?, J

2014-12-01

359

Osmotic self-expanding dilation technology for treatment of sinusitis: the Vent-Os sinus dilation system.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Vent-Os Sinus Dilation System is an osmotically driven device that provides a means to access the sinus space and to dilate the maxillary sinus ostia and associated spaces in adults for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Unlike balloon dilation devices that use rapid, high-pressure inflation, this self-expanding device is designed to gently and gradually open the maxillary ostia. The procedure can be safely and easily completed in-office with minimal anesthetics and analgesics on board. Clinical results support excellent patency and safety outcomes with the use of this product in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. PMID:25467029

Catalano, Peter; Hester, Jerome; Mandrusov, Evgenia

2015-01-01

360

An endoscopic cadaveric study: Accessory maxillary ostia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: Endoscopy is now being used for diagnosis and surgical treatment of disorders of the nose and paranasal sinuses. Direct observations of mucociliary clearance patterns have shown that there are clear cut pathways in the sinuses, with secretions always trying to leave through the natural ostia.' Maxillar ostia is exists behind the upper part of the medial wall and often at intersection region of the rear lower infindubulum and lower front surface of the ethmoid bulla. Accessory ostium exists at the 25-30% of the general population instead of the natural ostium. There are some features that differentiate the accessory ostium and natural ostium. Methods: To determine the incidence and location of the accessory ostium 29 fromaldehyde fixed adult cadaver was examined with endoscope. Results: The accessory ostium is encountered at 8 cases (13.8%. These are located at rare-middle, front-middle and rear in 2 (0.03%, 3 (0.05%, 3 (0.05% cases respectively. Recognition of the maxillary ostia is tedious while performing endoscopic procedures which accounts for a high rate of orbital complications for a novice performing surgery in this region. Conclusion: It is therefore imperative to know the landmarks in this regions which may be obliterated by disease. Radiologist should be aware of this entity as it can appear as communication between the maxillary sinus and nasal cavity on sinus imaging examinations.

Alper Sindel

2014-06-01

361

How does nose blowing effect the computed tomography of paranasal sinuses in chronic sinusitis?  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Objective: Our aim was to determine whether inward or outward movement of the secretions in the paranasal sinuses due to nose blowing after nasal decongestion has any effect on the paranasal sinus computed tomography (CT) images in patients with sinusitis and to asses whether nose blowing may result in misdiagnosis or overdiagnosis in radiological evaluation of sinusitis. Materials and methods: Twenty-four patients with chronic sinusitis were evaluated in an academic tertiary care hospital and data were collected prospectively. After coronal sinus computed tomography scans were performed at 100 mA setting which was half the value of the standard radiation dose suggested by the manufacturer, topical decongestion was applied to each nostril followed by nose blowing 10 min later. Sinus CT scans were then repeated at the same setting. We evaluated the mucosal thickness of medial, lateral, superior and inferior maxillary and frontal sinus walls and the maximal thickness in anterior ethmoidal cells. The measurements prior to and following nose blowing were compared with Wilcoxon signed ranks test. The obtained images were also staged using Lund-McKay staging system separately and the scores were compared with Student's t-test. Results: We observed a tendency towards reduction in mucosal thickness after nose blowing. There were statistically significant differences between maxillary sinus inferior wall and frontal sinus inferior wall mucosal thickness values prior to and after nose blowing. The difference however was very small, about 0.5 mm in magnitude and Lund-McKay score did not change in any of the patients after nose blowing. Conclusion: Nose blowing and topical nasal decongestion does not have any effect on the diagnostic accuracy of sinus CT in chronic sinusitis patients.

Savranlar, Ahmet; Uzun, Lokman; Ugur, Mehmet Birol; Mahmutyazicioglu, Kamran; Ozer, Tulay; Gundogdu, Sadi

2005-02-01

362

How does nose blowing effect the computed tomography of paranasal sinuses in chronic sinusitis?  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: Our aim was to determine whether inward or outward movement of the secretions in the paranasal sinuses due to nose blowing after nasal decongestion has any effect on the paranasal sinus computed tomography (CT) images in patients with sinusitis and to asses whether nose blowing may result in misdiagnosis or overdiagnosis in radiological evaluation of sinusitis. Materials and methods: Twenty-four patients with chronic sinusitis were evaluated in an academic tertiary care hospital and data were collected prospectively. After coronal sinus computed tomography scans were performed at 100 mA setting which was half the value of the standard radiation dose suggested by the manufacturer, topical decongestion was applied to each nostril followed by nose blowing 10 min later. Sinus CT scans were then repeated at the same setting. We evaluated the mucosal thickness of medial, lateral, superior and inferior maxillary and frontal sinus walls and the maximal thickness in anterior ethmoidal cells. The measurements prior to and following nose blowing were compared with Wilcoxon signed ranks test. The obtained images were also staged using Lund-McKay staging system separately and the scores were compared with Student's t-test. Results: We observed a tendency towards reduction in mucosal thickness after nose blowing. There were statistically significant differences between maxillary sinus inferior wall and frontal sinus inferior wall mucosal thickness values prior to and aft mucosal thickness values prior to and after nose blowing. The difference however was very small, about 0.5 mm in magnitude and Lund-McKay score did not change in any of the patients after nose blowing. Conclusion: Nose blowing and topical nasal decongestion does not have any effect on the diagnostic accuracy of sinus CT in chronic sinusitis patients

363

Hollow Maxillary Complete Denture  

OpenAIRE

Residual ridge resorption is the reduction in size of the bony ridge under the mucoperiosteum. The resorption occurs at a faster rate in mandibular arch as compared to the maxillary arch; but severely atrophic maxillae with large interridge distance often pose a clinical challenge during fabrication of a successful maxillary complete denture. This clinical report describes a simple technique of fabricating a hollow maxillary complete denture in a patient with resorbed maxillary and mandibular...

Radke, Usha; Mundhe, Darshana

2011-01-01

364

SINUS FLOOR AUGMENTATION WITH BONE BLOCK GRAFTING AND SIMULTANEOUS IMPLANT PLACEMENT.  

OpenAIRE

Placement of dental implants in the posterior maxillary edentulous areas is often compromised by the limited volume of bone due to the anatomy of the maxillary sinuses. In such cases, the technique of Sinus Lift is indicated to provide a sufficient volume of hard tissue in order to achieve primary stability at implant placement. Simultaneous augmentation of the sinus floor and implant placement is severely limited by the amount of residual bone of the floor of the sinus.A clinical case of min...

Manev, George S.; Christina Popova

2013-01-01

365

Sinus Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... nose moist and the mucus thin. Summary Sinus surgery is very safe and common. It is very well tolerated by patients and can help to successfully treat several sinus diseases. Some rare risks and complications are possible during ...

366

Why Caldwell-Luc and nasoantral window procedures fail in patients with chronic sinusitis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

CT was performed on 80 patients with recurrent symptoms of chronic sinusitis after Caldwell-Luc and/or nasoantral window procedures. In each case there was anterior ethmoid sinus inflammatory disease with obstruction of the normal ipsilateral maxillary sinus drainage, the ostiomeatal unit. When the ipsilateral frontal sinus was also diseased, the anterior ethmoid sinus inflammatory process was found to block the frontal recess. These findings indicate that patients who have chronic sinusitis after Caldwell-Luc and/or nasoantral window procedures fail because of persistent disease. The disease is characteristically situated in the anterior ethmoid cells, with blockage of mucociliary clearance from the maxillary and frontal sinuses. Therefore, the cure is predicated on surgical procedures directed to restoring patency of the ostiomeatal unit and frontal recess

367

Tridimensional reconstruction of knife-edge edentulous maxillae by sinus elevation, onlay grafts, and sagittal osteotomy of the anterior maxilla: preliminary surgical and prosthetic results  

OpenAIRE

The possibility of placing endosseous implants in the edentulous maxilla is frequently reduced by inadequate bone volume of the residual ridge. In totally edentulous maxillae with knife-edge conformation, insufficient thickness is frequently associated with insufficient height of the residual ridge in the posterior maxilla because of pneumatization of the maxillary sinuses. This surgical method combines grafting of the maxillary sinuses, onlay grafts on the buccal side of maxillary posterior ...

Chiapasco, Matteo Francesco; Romeo, Eugenio; Vogel, Giorgio

1998-01-01

368

Bilateral postoperative maxillary cysts after orthognathic surgery: A case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Postoperative maxillary cysts are locally aggressive lesions, usually developing as delayed complications many years after radical antral surgery. This report describes a case of bilateral postoperative maxillary cysts following orthognathic surgery performed approximately 21 years previously. The patient complained of stinging pain on her right cheek. Radiographic examination revealed low-attenuation lesions on both maxillary sinuses with discontinuously corticated margins without distinct expansion or bone destruction. The cysts were enucleated with the removal of metal plates and screws for pain relief. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of postoperative maxillary cysts lined by ciliated, pseudostratified columnar cells. The patient has remained asymptomatic thus far, and there was no evidence of local recurrence at 21 months of postoperative follow-up. PMID:25473641

Lee, Jung-Hye; Huh, Kyung-Hoe; Yi, Won-Jin; Heo, Min-Suk; Lee, Sam-Sun; Choi, Soon-Chul

2014-12-01

369

Accidental Migration of a Dental Implant into the Ethmoid Sinus following a Transalveolar Sinus Elevation Procedure.  

Science.gov (United States)

BACKGROUND: Migration of a dental implant into the paranasal sinuses may be the result of sinus membrane perforation, loss of osseointegration, and lack of initial stability. The majority of displaced implants migrate into the maxillary sinus, which may cause sinusitis. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to report an extremely rare ethmoid sinus migration of a dental implant after crestal approach in a resorbed posterior maxilla. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 60-year old Korean male with a noncontributory medical history was referred from a local clinic to remove the migrated dental implant in the right ethmoid sinus. The patient had symptoms of mild sinusitis. The implant had been placed 6 months earlier through the bone-added transalveolar approach in a severely resorbed maxilla. RESULTS: The displaced implant was removed through the intraoral approach. A lateral window was made and an endoscopic surgery was performed to remove the implant. Healing was uneventful, and sinusitis symptom had ceased. CONCLUSION: The crestal approach for severely resorbed posterior maxillae should be performed when there is a potential for primary stability. If bone quality is poor and initial stability cannot be achieved, lateral window sinus elevation procedure is a better option for successful implant placement. Migrated implant may be removed with antrostomy and endoscopic surgery. PMID:23763630

Bakhshalian, Neema; Sim, Yookyeong Carolyn; Nowzari, Hessam; Cha, Hyun-Suk; Ahn, Kang-Min

2013-06-13

370

Sinus Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... through the sinuses. This system acts like a GPS system allowing the surgeon to know the exact ... happen again, making another surgery necessary. After the Surgery After recovering from the anesthetics in the recovery ...

371

Sinus Surgery  

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Full Text Available ... by infections or bacteria growing in the sinuses, antibiotics are given to kill the germs and control ... infection, which may have to be treated with antibiotics. Rarely, patients may bleed a lot and need ...

372

Sinus Surgery  

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Full Text Available ... of anesthetics that will be used. Risks and Complications Sinus surgery is very safe. There are, however, several possible risks and complications, which are unlikely but possible. You need to ...

373

Sinus Surgery  

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Full Text Available ... either in the nose or mouth, behind the upper lip and above the gum. Sinus surgery is ... operation can also lead to numbness of the upper teeth because the nerves responsible for the sensations ...

374

Sinus Surgery  

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Full Text Available ... gum. Sinus surgery is usually done under general anesthesia. Patients usually go home the same day of ... The risks and complications include those related to anesthesia and those related to any type of surgery. ...

375

Sinus Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... 2013 3 At times, your surgeon may use a sophisticated computer to help her or him navigate safely through the sinuses. This system acts like a GPS system allowing the surgeon to know the ...

376

Adult Sinusitis  

Science.gov (United States)

... going from indoors to outdoors. Most people with allergies will notice specific triggers for their symptoms like increases in the pollen count or coming into contact with a cat or dog. Headaches: “ Sinus headache ” is a common term, but ...

377

Sinus Surgery  

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Full Text Available ... they secrete is watery and is able to pass through the middle meatus into the nose without ... the mucus becomes thicker and is unable to pass through the openings, therefore, accumulating in the sinuses. ...

378

Sinus Surgery  

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Full Text Available ... some of the symptoms. Drinking a lot of fluid makes the mucus more watery. This document is ... opening between the sinuses and the brain. The fluid around the brain, or cerebro-spinal fluid, can ...

379

Sinus Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Plain.com ol020105 Last reviewed: 01/16/2013 1 When the sinuses are inflamed, the mucus becomes ... The surgeon then inserts other small instruments through one or more other small incisions to operate while ...

380

Sinus Surgery  

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Full Text Available ... the type of anesthetics that will be used. Risks and Complications Sinus surgery is very safe. There are, however, several possible risks and complications, which are unlikely but possible. You ...

381

[Olfactory disturbance caused by chronic sinusitis].  

Science.gov (United States)

Sinusitis has been reported to be one of the major causative etiologies of olfactory disorder. According to our data during last 3 years, 47.5% of all cases of olfactory disorder were attributed to sinusitis. Persistent olfactory disturbance was often critical even after resection of the pathological sinus mucosa by surgery for chronic sinusitis. Accordingly, olfactory epithelial inflammation involved in sinusitis may be considered another important causative factor disturbing the restoration of olfactory acuity. To elucidate this hypothesis, the following experimental and clinical studies were carried out. (1) A morphological study was done with specimens taken from the olfactory cleft of rabbits with experimentally induced sinusitis to analyze the inflammatory effects, and the degree of inflammatory damage was compared, histopathologically between olfactory and respiratory epithelium. SEM observation in the morphological study showed delayed healing in the olfactory portion in comparison with the respiratory portion (p fursultiamine (Alinamin Test), Smell Identification Test (SIT) and Threshold Test by graded Phenyl Ethyl Alchol (PEA) were applied to estimate the olfactory acuity of the patients with sinusitis. The results of SIT and PEA tended to parallel not the Alinamin Test but T&T olfactometry. Results showed that the olfactory disorder caused by sinusitis tended to be severe. The results showed that the epithelial factor is important in explaining olfactory disorder etiologically in cases of sinusitis. In particular, olfactory disturbance tended to persist. PMID:7602421

Egawa, M

1995-05-01

382

Tratamento endoscópico do cisto odontogênico com extensão intra-sinusal / Endoscopic treatment of odontogenic cyst with intra-sinusal extension  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Cistos odontogênicos são lesões pouco comuns que podem ocorrer após inflamação da polpa dentária. A abordagem terapêutica destes cistos é realizada em consultórios odontológicos e, dependendo de sua extensão, pode ocasionar a formação de fístula oroantral e rinossinusite crônica. O objetivo deste tr [...] abalho é propor o tratamento videoendoscópico do cisto odontogênico com expressão em seio maxilar. Realizou-se um estudo retrospectivo de quatro casos de cistos de origem dentária, com extensão intra-sinusal, complicados com fístula oroantral e sinusite crônica de seio maxilar após curetagem em consultório odontológico. Utilizamos a técnica videoendoscópica via transmaxilar para acessarmos o cisto intra-sinusal. Os quatro pacientes apresentaram resolução do quadro infeccioso e cicatrização da fístula oroantral, sem recidiva durante o seguimento. A cirurgia videoendoscópica é um método seguro e efetivo para tratamento do cisto odontogênico descrito, podendo contribuir para prevenir a formação de fístula oroantral e supuração de seio maxilar. Abstract in english Odontogenic cyst is a common lesion that can happen after inflammation of the dental pulp. The therapeutic approach of these cysts is made at dentist's offices, and depending on their extension, they may develop oroantral fistula and chronic sinusitis. The objective of this study is to propose the v [...] ideoendoscopic treatment of the odontogenic cyst with expression in the maxillary sinus. We made a retrospective study of four cases of cysts of dental origin, with intra-sinusal extension, complicated with oroantral fistula and chronic sinusitis of maxillary sinus after curettage in a dentist's office. We used the videoendoscopic technique through transmaxillary approach to access the intra-sinusal cyst. All the four patients presented resolution of the infectious manifestation and healing of the oroantral fistula, without recurrence within two years of follow-up. Videoendoscopic surgery is a safe and effective method for the management of odontogenic cysts with extension to maxillary sinus, and it may prevent oroantral fistula formation and chronic sinusitis.

Antonio C., Cedin; Fausto A. de, Paula Junior; Emanuel R., Landim; Flávio L. P. da, Silva; Luis F. de, Oliveira; Ana C., Sotter.

2005-06-01

383

Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available Computed Tomography (CT) - Sinuses Play Video Clip (00:03:26) Your Radiologist Explains CT of the Sinuses What is ... CT of the Sinuses? What is CT (Computed Tomography) of the Sinuses? Computed tomography, more commonly known ...

384

Recirculación en rinosinusitis maxilar / Mucus recirculation in maxillary rhinosinusitis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: La recirculación de moco entre el ostium natural del seno maxilar y otras aberturas en el seno, altera el transporte mucociliar normal, favorece su acumula-ción y sobreinfección, perpetuando el fenómeno inflamatorio. Objetivo: Describir nuestra experiencia en el diagnóstico y tratamien [...] to de pacientes con rinosinusitis maxilar crónica y/o aguda recurrente cuyo estudio reveló recirculación maxilar. Material y método: Estudio retrospectivo descriptivo. Se revisaron historias clínicas, nasofibroscopías, informes radiológicos y hallazgos operatorios. Resultados: Ocho pacientes con edad promedio de 43 años. El 100%% presentó antecedente de cirugía que involucraba el seno maxilar. Todos se presentaron como rinosinusitis maxilar crónica y/o aguda con reagudizaciones frecuentes (3 episodios/ año). El diagnóstico se realizó mediante nasofibroscopía que evidenció recirculación de moco entre ostium natural y accesorio. Cinco pacientes se sometieron a cirugía endoscópica para unir el ostium accesorio (OA) al natural, disminuyendo el número de exacerbaciones. Conclusión: La recirculación maxilar se debe sospechar en pacientes con diagnóstico de rinosinusitis maxilar crónica y/o aguda recurrente con antecedente de cirugías que involucren el seno maxilar. Su diagnóstico se basa en la observación de recirculación de moco a la nasofibroscopía. El manejo es quirúrgico y dependerá de la ubicación del OA y de la permeabilidad del ostium natural. Abstract in english Introduction: Recirculation of mucus between the maxillary sinus natural ostium and adjacent openings disturbs mucociliary clearence leading to secretions accumulation and persistent infection, perpetuating the inflammatory phenomenon. Aim: Describe our experience in the diagnosis and treatment ofpa [...] tients with maxillary rhinosinusitis (chronic or acute recurrent) and maxillary recirculation. Material and method: Descriptive and retrospective study. Clinical records, radiologic characteristic, nasal endoscopies and surgical findings were reviewed. Results: 8 patients, mean age of 43 years. All of them had prior history of maxillary sinus surgery. Clinical presentation was maxillary rhinosinusitis, chronic or acute, with frequent episodes ofreagudization (3 episodes/year). The diagnosis was made by endoscopic nasal examination that showed mucus recirculation between natural and accessory ostium. Endoscopic sinus surgery was done in 5patients in order to communicate the accessory to the natural ostium, leading to a decrease in the number of exacerbations. Conclusions: Maxillary recirculation must be suspected in patients with maxillary rhinosinusitis (chronic or acute recurrent) who have had prior surgical procedures that involve the maxillary sinus. The diagnosis is based on the observation of the recirculation phenomenon in the nasal endoscopy. The treatment is surgical and depends on the location of the accessory ostium and the permeability of the natural ostium.

Claudia, Heider C; Gloria, Ribalta L; Karin, Krauss M.

2013-04-01

385

Fungal Involvement in Patients with Paranasal Sinusitis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Fungal involvement of the paranasal sinuses is frequently observed in the immunocompromised host and it can become lifethreatening if it is not diagnosed. Definitive diagnosis is made by tissue biopsy and culture. In this study biopsy materials of maxillary, ethmoidal and frontal sinuses of 60 patients with clinical manifestation of sinusitis and no response to medical therapy were assessed by mycological and pathological methods for the presence of fungi. Invasive fungal sinusitis was diagnosed in 3 patients and etiologic agents were Candida albicans, Rhizopus sp. and Aspergillus fumigatus. Predisposing factors in these patients were leukemia, diabetes mellitus and previous sinus and polyp surgery, respectively. Allergic fungal sinusitis also was seen in one patient and Alternaria sp. isolated from the biopsy material. Only the patient with allergic form of disease survived but all the patients with invasive form of fungal infection were expired. This clearly underscores the need of early recognition of fungal sinusitis in at risk population in order to start urgent treatment. In this study Nocardia asteroids also was isolated from the biopsy sample in a patient with sinunasal adenocarcinoma.

P Kordbacheh

2004-08-01

386

CT and MRI diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma in paranasal sinus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the CT and MRI findings of cavernous hemangioma in paranasal sinus so as to promote the diagnostic accuracy. Methods: All 30 eases of cavernous hemangioma in paranasal sinus were verified with pathological examinations. The CT and MRI findings were analyzed retrospectively. Results: The lesions occurred in the maxillary sinus in 25 cases, in the anterior ethmoid sinus in 3 cases and in the sphenoid sinus in 2 cases. The lesions extended and compressed adjacent structures. MRI showed the extent and the associated changes of the lesions more clearly compared to CT. On CT, all the involved paranasal sinuses invariably expanded. The bony walls of paranasal sinuses were compressed and remodeled with focal defect in 28 cases, mostly in the medial wall of the maxillary sinus (21 cases). Bony scelerosis of the residual walls of paranasal sinus were found in 8 cases. The lesions demonstrated well-defined margin and heterogeneous density with phlebolith in 10 cases. Postcontrast CT showed marked inhomogeneous enhancement in 16 cases. On MR T1WI, canernous hemangioma showed hypointense signal compared to brain in 4 cases and isointense signal in 14 cases. On T2WI, the lesions revealed heterogeneous hyperintense singal in 16 cases and isointense signal in 2 cases with multiple hypointense foci. Postcontrast MR imaging demonstrated marked inhomogeneous enhancement in these cases, honeycomb-like appearance in 8 cases and variegated apke appearance in 8 cases and variegated appearance in 10 cases. The feature of progressive enhancement was found on dynamic contrast enhancement of MRI in 8 cases. Conclusions: The characteristic bony change together with phlebolith can suggest the diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma in paranasal sinus on CT. The heterogeneous hyperintense singal on MR T2WI, progressive enhancement and honeycomb-like or variegated appearance on postcontrast MRI were also the characteristic findings of cavernous hemangioma in paranasal sinus. Combination of CT and MRI findings can provide more accurate information for the diagnosis and therapy of cavernous hemangioma in paranasal sinus. (authors)

387

Selective intra arterial infusion chemotherapy for malignant nasal and paranasal sinus tumors  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Since 1998, we have treated 14 malignant nasal and paranasal sinus tumor patients with selective intra arterial infusion chemotherapy. We report results for 7 of maxillary sinus, 3 of sphenoid sinus 1 of ethmoid sinus, and 3 of the nasal cavity. Only 1 maxillary sinus case involved recurrence. Intra arterial infusions of cisplatin (100 mg/body) was delivered rapidly to the tumor and usually repeated for 4 times. Conventional external-beam irradiation (2 Gy per fraction x 30) was also used. Complete response cases were 9 of 14 and control of the local lesion found in all new cases. These results indicate that intra arterial infusion therapy is effective against advanced malignant nasal and paranasal sinus tumors. (author)

Miyajima, Yoshimi; Nakashima, Tadashi; Hayabuchi, Naofumi; Abe, Toushi; Tanaka, Norimitsu [Kurume Univ., Fukuoka (Japan). School of Medicine

2003-04-01

388

The incidence of membrane perforation during sinus floor elevation using sonic instruments: a series of 40 cases.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study reports the incidence of complications and sinus membrane perforations when using sonic instruments to prepare the lateral window osteotomy for maxillary sinus augmentation. The charts of 33 consecutive patients (40 sinuses) were reviewed. Sinus membrane perforations were reported in 7 cases (17.5% of procedures), with 3 perforations occurring during preparation of the osteotomy window (7.5% of procedures). Postoperatively, 2 cases of sinus infection (5%) and 2 cases of flap dehiscence (5%) were recorded. This study demonstrates that elevation of the sinus floor with a combination of hand and sonic instruments is feasible and safe, with a limited incidence of complications. PMID:24396845

Weitz, Daniel S; Geminiani, Alessandro; Papadimitriou, Dimitrios E V; Ercoli, Carlo; Caton, Jack G

2014-01-01

389

Maxillary protraction after surgically assisted maxillary expansion  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english This case report describes the orthodontic treatment of a 32-year-old woman with a Class III malocclusion, whose chief compliant was her dentofacial esthetics. The pretreatment lateral cephalometric tracings showed the presence of a Class III dentoskeletal malocclusion with components of maxillary d [...] eficiency. After discussion with the patient, the treatment option included surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) followed by orthopedic protraction (Sky Hook) and Class III elastics. Patient compliance was excellent and satisfactory dentofacial esthetics was achieved after treatment completion.

Laurindo Zanco, Furquim; Guilherme, Janson; Bruno D' Aurea, Furquim; Liogi, Iwaki Filho; José Fernando Castanha, Henriques; Geovane Miranda, Ferreira.

2010-06-01

390

Metastasis to Paranasal Sinuses as the First Presenting Sign of Renal Cell Carcinoma  

OpenAIRE

The clear cell carcinoma is a relatively rare tumor, represented approximately 85% by renal cell carcinoma (RCC), but has a characteristic of early metastatic, which sometimes spread to unusual places. Metastatic tumors in the paranasal sinuses are very rare. This case report a 65 years-old patient who presented sinusitis and epitaxis as a first sign of renal cell carcinoma with metastasis to the right maxillary sinus, which was opereted at Lagoa Hospital—RJ and strengthen the inclusion of ...

Hélio Assuncao Gouveia; José Anacleto Dutra Resende Júnior; Gustavo Ruschi Bechara; Thomás Accioly de Souza

2012-01-01

391

Comparación entre distintos sustitutos óseos utilizados para procedimientos de elevación de seno maxilar previo a la colocación de implantes dentales Comparison between different bone substitutes for maxillary sinus floor augmentation prior to placement of dental implants  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introducción: En la actualidad, es frecuente la rehabilitación de la zona posterior del maxilar utilizando implantes asociados a técnicas de aumento óseo, entre ellas la elevación de seno maxilar. Aunque el hueso autógeno es considerado el "gold standard" de los materiales de injerto óseo, se acompaña de morbilidad y su disponibilidad es limitada. Por ello, el objetivo de esta revisión es valorar los distintos sustitutos óseos para la elevación de seno previa a la colocación de implantes así como cuál es más efectivo. Material y métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica electrónica en la base de datos Cochrane y en Pubmed. Se escogieron trabajos que trataran materiales de injerto para procedimientos de elevación de seno. Resultados: Se seleccionaron trece artículos para la realización de la revisión. Para su comparación, se establecieron dos grupos, aquellos trabajos que se basaban en estudios histológicos y la valoración de la mineralización, y aquellos que evaluaban parámetros clínicos y la tasa de supervivencia de los implantes. Discusión: Teniendo en cuenta los hallazgos dispares de los distintos trabajos, no se puede considerar un material de elección sobre los demás. Sería deseable la realización de estudios a largo plazo con muestras amplias comparando distintos materiales de injerto, que evaluaran los resultados histológicos y clínicos. Conclusiones: El hueso autógeno aún es considerado el "gold standard" de los materiales de injerto para la elevación de seno maxilar, a pesar que se asocia a una elevada tasa de complicaciones. Aunque son necesarios más estudios, se han obtenidos resultados prometedores con la hidroxiapatita bovina y el ß-fosfato tricálcico.Introduction: Presently, prosthetic rehabilitation combining dental implants with bone augmentation techniques is frequently used; included amongst these is sinus floor augmentation. Despite autogenous bone being considered the gold standard of bone grafting materials, it is associated with morbidity and limited availability. The aim of this revision was to evaluate the bone substitutes for sinus floor augmentation prior to the placement of dental implants. Materials and Methods: An electronic literature search was conducted in the Cochrane database and Pubmed. Studies analysing graft materials for sinus floor augmentation were chosen. Results: 13 articles were selected for the revision, from which 2 groups were established for comparison; those studies based in histological and mineralisation analyses and those evaluating clinical parameters and the survival rate of the implants. Discussion: Due to the different findings of the studies, there is no material that can be considered preferable over any other. It would be desirable that future studies had longer follow-ups, larger samples, compared different graft materials and evaluated histological and clinical results simultaneously. Conclusions: Autogenous bone is still considered the gold standard of graft materials; however, it is associated with a high complication rate. Although more studies are needed, bovine hydroxiapatite and ß-tricalcium phosphate have achieved promising results.

M. Muñoz Corcuera

2008-12-01

392

Comparación entre distintos sustitutos óseos utilizados para procedimientos de elevación de seno maxilar previo a la colocación de implantes dentales / Comparison between different bone substitutes for maxillary sinus floor augmentation prior to placement of dental implants  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: En la actualidad, es frecuente la rehabilitación de la zona posterior del maxilar utilizando implantes asociados a técnicas de aumento óseo, entre ellas la elevación de seno maxilar. Aunque el hueso autógeno es considerado el "gold standard" de los materiales de injerto óseo, se acompa [...] ña de morbilidad y su disponibilidad es limitada. Por ello, el objetivo de esta revisión es valorar los distintos sustitutos óseos para la elevación de seno previa a la colocación de implantes así como cuál es más efectivo. Material y métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica electrónica en la base de datos Cochrane y en Pubmed. Se escogieron trabajos que trataran materiales de injerto para procedimientos de elevación de seno. Resultados: Se seleccionaron trece artículos para la realización de la revisión. Para su comparación, se establecieron dos grupos, aquellos trabajos que se basaban en estudios histológicos y la valoración de la mineralización, y aquellos que evaluaban parámetros clínicos y la tasa de supervivencia de los implantes. Discusión: Teniendo en cuenta los hallazgos dispares de los distintos trabajos, no se puede considerar un material de elección sobre los demás. Sería deseable la realización de estudios a largo plazo con muestras amplias comparando distintos materiales de injerto, que evaluaran los resultados histológicos y clínicos. Conclusiones: El hueso autógeno aún es considerado el "gold standard" de los materiales de injerto para la elevación de seno maxilar, a pesar que se asocia a una elevada tasa de complicaciones. Aunque son necesarios más estudios, se han obtenidos resultados prometedores con la hidroxiapatita bovina y el ß-fosfato tricálcico. Abstract in english Introduction: Presently, prosthetic rehabilitation combining dental implants with bone augmentation techniques is frequently used; included amongst these is sinus floor augmentation. Despite autogenous bone being considered the gold standard of bone grafting materials, it is associated with morbidit [...] y and limited availability. The aim of this revision was to evaluate the bone substitutes for sinus floor augmentation prior to the placement of dental implants. Materials and Methods: An electronic literature search was conducted in the Cochrane database and Pubmed. Studies analysing graft materials for sinus floor augmentation were chosen. Results: 13 articles were selected for the revision, from which 2 groups were established for comparison; those studies based in histological and mineralisation analyses and those evaluating clinical parameters and the survival rate of the implants. Discussion: Due to the different findings of the studies, there is no material that can be considered preferable over any other. It would be desirable that future studies had longer follow-ups, larger samples, compared different graft materials and evaluated histological and clinical results simultaneously. Conclusions: Autogenous bone is still considered the gold standard of graft materials; however, it is associated with a high complication rate. Although more studies are needed, bovine hydroxiapatite and ß-tricalcium phosphate have achieved promising results.

M., Muñoz Corcuera; A, Trullenque Eriksson.

2008-12-01

393

Sinus Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... create an opening between the sinuses and the brain. The fluid around the brain, or cerebro-spinal fluid, can then leak from ... The leaking fluid can cause infections around the brain, known as meningitis. The leak usually stops spontaneously ...

394

Prevalence of incidental paranasal sinus opacification in an adult dental population  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of sinus opacification among adult dental patients. Five hundred and sixty-four Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) scans of dental patients over the age of 18 were reviewed for sinus opacification. Opacification was graded as clear, mild, moderate or severe. Patients with any sinus-related signs or symptoms were excluded. Sinus opacification in one or more sinuses was found in 59.2% of the patients. The sinus opacification was mild in 49.8%, moderate in 8.3%, and severe in 1.1%. The maxillary (37.7%) and ethmoid (37.4%) sinuses were most frequently affected. The prevalence was higher in the older age group and showed a male predomination (p<0.05). Sinus opacification in asymptomatic adults is very common and emphasizes the importance of clinical correlation before deciding on the final diagnosis and treatment.

Cho, Bong Hae; Jung, Yun Hoa [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2009-12-15

395

The Importance of Paranasal Sinuses Computed Tomography Scan (CT scan in Sinusitis  

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Full Text Available "nThe inflammatory changes of paranasal sinus (PNS mucosa or sinusitis are among the most common inflammatory diseases of the human body. Diagnosis of sinusitis is based on clinical findings. Sinusitis could be clinically presented as acute and chronic entities which these can only be differentiated from each other on the basis of the duration of the patient’s symptoms and signs, and the imaging cannot be useful for this differentiation. "n The major role of imaging for the evaluation of PNS is determination of the main sinuses involved, the extension of the involvement, chronic sinusitis complications such as mucocele, polyposis and retention cysts, interventions (functional endoscopic sinus surgery, FESS and acute sinusitis related complications such as intracranial abscesses and osteomyelitis. As a result, whenever the response of the patient’s symptoms and signs to correct and sufficient medical treatment is not desirable, imaging modalities could be practical and gain their importance. "n The main imaging modalities which are applicable for PNS evaluation consist of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI and computed tomography scan (CT scan, each with its own specific applications. MRI is useful for intracranial complications of acute sinusitis such as brain abscesses and CT scan is useful for acute sinusitis related bony structure lesions such as erosions, lysis and osteomyelitis. Both CT scan and MRI can be useful for the diagnosis of mucocele, polyposis and retention cyst which are the main complications of chronic sinusitis. "n CT scanning in coronal sections is very useful for the evaluation of the osteomeatal complex (OMC. It is the imaging modality of choice before performing FESS. Evaluation after performing FESS can also be done by means of PNS CT scanning, for instance the degree of obstruction recanalisation and FESS-related complications such as orbital hematoma. "n Common PNS anatomic variations such as nasal septum deviation, pneumatized middle turbinate (concha bullosa, bulla ethmoidalis and extension of anterior ethmoidal cells within the lacrimal bone (agger nasi cell can also easily be evaluated by this imaging modality, which are considered as major anatomic causes of OMC obstruction and obstruction-related chronic sinusitis. "n In conclusion, the diagnosis of sinusitis is based on clinical findings. Imaging is not for the diagnosis of sinusitis and it is only applicable for sinusitis and FESS-related complications. MRI is the best imaging modality for intracranial complications of acute sinusitis. Both MRI and CT scanning almost have the same diagnostic accuracy for chronic sinusitis-related complications.   

Shervin Sharif Kashany

2009-01-01

396

Some anatomical variation of paranasal sinuses using sinus endoscopic approach on “cadaver” in Isfahan, Iran  

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Background: Due to the anatomical variations of the paranasal sinuses and its great importance in sinus surgery, as this area is in very close proximity to vital structures including the optic nerve, carotid artery, and skull base, anatomical knowledge of this area is of high importance. The purpose of this study is defining a full and clear impression of paranasal sinus anatomy and its variations as a model for the human population of the country. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted on 45 cadavers in Isfahan forensic Medicine center during 2010 to 2011. Nasal and paranasal sinuses endoscopic dissection was done with (zero and 30°) lenses (Olympus). The methods of performed dissection were via the Stamberger technique. Results: This study showed that 88.9% (40 cases) of middle turbinates were in a typical form, while 6.7% (3 cases) were in medial and only 4.4% (2 cases) were in the lateral form. We also observed 88.9% (40 cases) with Agger nasi cells, 37.8% (17 cases) with Onodi cells, 28.9% cases with accessory Ostia of maxillary sinus (13 cases), and 15.6% of the cases (7 cases) with concha bullosa. The position of the maxillary sinus ostium was as follows. The inferior 1/3 of hiatus semilunaris in 38 (84.5%), superior 1/3 of hiatus semilunaris in 4 (4.4%), middle 1/3 of hiatus semilunaris in 5 (11.1%). The sphenoid ostia in 53.3% (24 cases) were slit shape, 28.9% (13 cases) oval, and 17.8% (18 cases) were round shape. Conclusion: Our survey showed that the distance between anterior nasal spine and anterior wall of the sphenoid sinus was within 7.6 ± 0.2 cm SD. PMID:24627859

Berjis, Nezamoddin; Hashemi, Seyyed Mostafa; Rogha, Mehrdad; Biron, Maryam Abdollahi; Setareh, Mehrdad

2014-01-01

397

Maxillary Chronic Osteomyelitis Caused by Domestic Violence: A Diagnostic Challenge  

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Maxillary osteomyelitis is a rare condition defined as inflammation of the bone primarily caused by odontogenic bacteria, with trauma being the second leading cause. The present report documents a rare case of maxillary osteomyelitis in a 38-year-old female who was the victim of domestic violence approximately a year prior to presentation. Intraoral examination revealed a lesion appearing as exposed bony sequestrum, with significant destruction of gingiva and alveolar mucosa in the maxillary right quadrant, accompanied by significant pain, local edema, and continued purulence. Teeth numbers 11, 12, 13, 14, and 15 were mobile, not responsive to percussion, and nonvital. Treatment included antibiotic therapy for seven days followed by total enucleation of the necrotic bone tissue and extraction of the involved teeth. Microscopic findings confirmed the clinical diagnosis of chronic suppurative osteomyelitis. Six months postoperatively, the treated area presented complete healing and there was no sign of recurrence of the lesion. PMID:25610667

Oliveira, Tamyris Inácio; de Carli, Marina Lara; Ribeiro Junior, Noé Vital; Pereira, Alessandro Antônio Costa; Tatakis, Dimitris N.; Hanemann, João Adolfo Costa

2014-01-01

398

Maxillary ameloblastic fibroma: a case report  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Fibroma ameloblástico é um tumor odontogênico benigno relativamente raro, em que ambos os componentes epiteliais e ectomesenquimais são neoplásicos. Menino de oito anos de idade, branco, foi encaminhado ao dentista para avaliar a falha na erupção do primeiro molar maxilar do lado esquerdo. A radiogr [...] afia panorâmica revelou imagem radiolúcida, unilocular, bem circunscrita, envolvendo o primeiro molar permanente maxilar esquerdo incluso. A lesão foi enucleada e o material encaminhado para avaliação histopatológica. Microscopicamente, era composta de ilhas e cordões de epitélio odontogênico num estroma mixóide rico em células, que se assemelhava à papila dentária, com diagnóstico histopatológico de fibroma amelobástico. Após 24 meses de acompanhamento, nenhuma recorrência foi observada e o primeiro molar permanente maxilar irrompeu espontaneamente através da mucosa bucal e foi alinhado com aparelho ortodôntico fixo. Esse caso enfatiza a importância do cuidadoso diagnóstico diferencial das lesões orais intra-ósseas e relato de lesão rara e sua localização atípica. Abstract in english Ameloblastic fibroma is a relatively rare benign odontogenic tumor in which both the epithelial and ectomesenchymal components are neoplastic. An 8-year-old Caucasian boy was referred to the dentist for evaluation of failed eruption of the maxillary left first molar. The panoramic radiograph showed [...] a well-circumscribed unilocular radiolucency involving an unerupted maxillary left first permanent molar. The lesion was enucleated and the material was sent for histopathologic examination. Microscopically, it was composed by cords and islands of odontogenic epithelium in a myxoid cell-rich stroma that closely resemble the dental papilla with histopathological diagnosis of ameloblastic fibroma. After 24 months of follow-up no recurrence was observed and the maxillary left first molar erupted spontaneously through the buccal mucosa and was aligned with a fixed orthodontic appliance. This case emphasized the importance of careful differential diagnosis of intraosseous oral lesions and reported a rarity of the lesion and its atypical location.

Daniela Otero Pereira da, Costa; Adriana Terezinha Neves Novellino, Alves; Mônica Diuna, Calasans-Maia; Ricardo Lopes da, Cruz; Simone de Queiroz Chaves, Lourenço.

399

Metastasis to Paranasal Sinuses as the First Presenting Sign of Renal Cell Carcinoma  

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Full Text Available The clear cell carcinoma is a relatively rare tumor, represented approximately 85% by renal cell carcinoma (RCC, but has a characteristic of early metastatic, which sometimes spread to unusual places. Metastatic tumors in the paranasal sinuses are very rare. This case report a 65 years-old patient who presented sinusitis and epitaxis as a first sign of renal cell carcinoma with metastasis to the right maxillary sinus, which was opereted at Lagoa Hospital—RJ and strengthen the inclusion of this disease in the differential diagnosis of sinus disease. The renal cell carcinoma is a relatively rare tumor, representing approximately 3% of malignant tumors. About a third of patients with renal cell carcinoma have metastasis at diagnosis. The sinuses are a rare location of metastasis. The maxillary sinuses and the paranasal sinuses are most commonly affected by metastatic tumors to the sinuses region. The most frequent primary tumor to metastasis to paranasal sinuses is the renal cell carcinoma. This report highlights the rarity of the case and the importance in the differential diagnosis of sinus disease.

Hélio Assuncao Gouveia

2012-02-01

400

Simultaneous sinus lift and implantation using platelet-rich fibrin as sole grafting material.  

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Recently, several authors have shown that simultaneous sinus lift and implantation using autologous platelet-rich fibrin as the sole filling material is a reliable procedure promoting bone augmentation in the maxillary sinus. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of simultaneous sinus lift and implantation using platelet-rich fibrin as the sole grafting material on bone formation in a canine sinus model. An implant was placed after sinus membrane elevation in the maxillary sinus of six adult female mongrel dogs. The resulting space between the membrane and sinus floor was filled with autologous platelet-rich fibrin retrieved from each dog. The implants were left in place for six months. Bone tissue was seen at the l