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Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... life. It also helps determine how we handle stress, relate to others, and make choices. Mental health is important at every stage of life, from childhood and adolescence through adulthood. Mental illnesses are serious disorders which ...

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A concept mapping exploration of social workers' and mental health nurses' understanding of the role of the Approved Mental Health Professional.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study uses concept mapping and participant interviews to explore how differing professional viewpoints and levels of knowledge held by social workers and mental health nurses affect perceptions of the Approved Mental Health Professional (AMHP) role during an interprofessional training programme. The results suggest that social workers entering the programme had a greater understanding of the role in comparison to mental health nurses; however, on completion of the programme, both professional groups demonstrated similar levels of learning. The study challenges assumptions that nurses may be inherently disadvantaged by their professional background in terms of learning about a role that is traditionally associated with social work practice. Study participants valued the concept mapping process and felt that the approach may be a valuable tool for clinical supervision. PMID:21122955

Bressington, Daniel T; Wells, Harvey; Graham, Matthew

2011-08-01

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Florida Mental Health Institute  

Science.gov (United States)

Florida Mental Health Institute, dedicated to research, training and program development for improving psychological wellbeing, has four main divisions: Aging and Mental Health, Child and Family Studies, Community Mental Health, and Mental Health Law and Policy.

2007-03-16

4

Geriatric Mental Health Foundation  

Science.gov (United States)

... of psychiatric and mental health disorders affecting the elderly, eliminate the stigma of mental illness and treatment, promote healthy aging strategies, and increase access to quality mental health care for the elderly. Explore our site for mental health information for ...

5

Women and Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... Untreated Depression More Publication About Women's Mental Health Women and Depression: Discovering Hope A booklet that describes the symptoms, treatment and factors contributing to depression that are unique to women. More Publications About Women's Mental Health Women's Mental ...

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MAPPING OF GOVERNMENTAL AND NON-GOVERNMENTAL MENTAL HEALTH ASSISTANCE IN A CITY IN RIO GRANDE DO SUL.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the last decades Brazil started to transform its mental health service system. This reform includes the implementation of new services. Objective: To map and characterize the performance of government institutions and non-governmental organizations involved in mental health care in a metropolitan area of southern Brazil. Method: This quantitative research was dived in three phases, 1th previous survey, 2nd mapping and 3rd detailing. In the first phase Internet search was made to collect data on mental health services, in the second phase the municipality mental health system was mapped through snowball methodology, in which any institution visited indicated others and finally, detailing included specifics questions on financial resources and routines. Results: A total of 113 institutions were found in different areas of the municipality (being 56 governmental and 57 nongovernmental. In the third phase of our research we lost much of our data, as many institution directors declined our invitation to participate. However, those that answered revealed that institution establish intersectorial articulations. Additionally, the institutions counted with a team of 11 professionals, in average, and a director that usually hold undergraduate degree.

Vagner Dos Santos

2013-12-01

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Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... the health services/center. They see lots of students who are anxious, stressed or depressed at college. What if it's more serious than feeling down—am I'm depressed? Sometimes, feeling down can get more serious and you can ... your student health center right away: Sad mood Not enjoying ...

8

Mental Health for Men  

Science.gov (United States)

... treatment facilities and support services in your state. Psychology Help Center (Copyright © American Psychological Association) - This website ... of Mental Health, NIH, HHS National Mental Health Consumers' Self-Help Clearinghouse National Suicide Prevention Lifeline Substance ...

9

Unemployment and mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

The literature review has been carried out to examine current evidence linking mental health and unemployment. The research reviewed in this paper covers a wide range of academic disciplines spanning epidemiological medical research to more descriptive papers from social policy and geography, and while international material is included, the work concentrates on British literature. The paper examines published accounts of the relationship between mental health, suicidal behaviour and employment giving special attention to the influence of the variables, age and gender, on the experience of unemployment. All the literature reviewed suggests a link between unemployment and mental health problems. However, the direction of this link, that is whether unemployment is the cause of poor mental health or the result of poor mental health, is not clear. This paper will be of interest to a wide range of community health professionals, especially those working in areas affected by unemployment or mental health professionals working with individuals who recently have been made redundant. PMID:7655912

Owen, K; Watson, N

1995-01-01

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The roads less traveled: mapping some pathways on the global mental health research roadmap.  

Science.gov (United States)

The global mental health (GMH) research agenda should include both culture-general and culture-specific perspectives to ensure ecological validity of findings. Despite its title, the current GMH research agenda appears to be using a monocultural model that is individualistic, illness-oriented, and focused on intrapsychic processes. Ironically, issues of culture are prominently absent in many discussions of global mental health. This paper highlights some issues and concerns considered key to conducting ecologically valid and socially responsible GMH research. The concerns are particularly directed at researchers from dominant cultures who are working in low-income countries. Central to these issues is the balance between etic and emic perspectives in assessment, diagnosis, and intervention, as well as language, engagement of stakeholders and their agendas, and evaluation of the benefit of interventions to the community. New terminology is proposed that identifies broad cultural groups, and recommendations provided for a research agenda to encourage both basic and applied research that mutually benefits all stakeholders in the GMH research endeavor. PMID:22722979

Fernando, Gaithri A

2012-07-01

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Mental Health Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available THE goal of mental health today calls for more than an alleviation of mental illness. The days of custodial care in institutions, segregated from the community, belong in the history books. We must look even further than the treatment or even the prevention of mental illness to the ideal of maximum physical, mental and social efficiency for the individual, his family and the community. Mental Health Education is a behavioural science which aims to change behaviour and attitudes which militate against the achievement of these goals.

C.I. Röscher

1979-09-01

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Mental Health Disparities  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental health disparities have received increased attention in the literature in recent years. After considering 165 different health disparity conditions, the Federal Collaborative for Health Disparities Research chose mental health disparity as one of four topics warranting its immediate national research attention. In this essay, we describe the challenges and opportunities encountered in developing a research agenda to address mental health disparities in the United States. Varying definitions of mental health disparity, the heterogeneity of populations facing such disparity, and the power, complexity, and intertwined nature of contributing factors are among the many challenges. We convey an evolving interagency approach to mental health disparities research and guidance for further work in the field. PMID:19820213

Mays, Robert A.; Huang, Larke Nahme; McCuan, Ron; Pham, Phuong Kim; Fisher, Sylvia Kay; McDuffie, Kathleen Y.; Trachtenberg, Alan

2009-01-01

13

Sleep and Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... Wellness > Sleep and Mental Health Healthy Living Listen Sleep and Mental Health Article Body Sleep has become a casualty of modern life. The ... 15 million US children and teens get inadequate sleep. Teenagers aren’t’ the only ones accumulating sleep ...

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Ayurveda And Mental Health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The review article explains Ayurveda has its own identity as most ancient and traditional System of Medicine in India. Ayurveda is perfect balance of mind, body and soul as complete health in human beings. Ayurveda aims at preservation and promotion of heath, and prevention and cure of diseases through the concepts of positive physical and mental health. Ayurveda is good Management of mental health.

Balaji Deekshitulu P.V

2014-05-01

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COMMUNITY MENTAL HEALTH  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Twenty to twenty-five years ago, the Community Mental Health Center (CHMC, had scarcely been heard of. Today, it is indeed a movement, and apparently widespread. A total of ten services considered to be necessary to provide adequate mental health services: (1 in patient, (2 out-patient, (3 partial hospitalization, (4 emergency, (5 consultation, (6 diagn1ostic, (7 rehabilitative, (8 precare and aftercare, (9 training, (10 research and evaluation services. This Concept of Community Mental Health would include as many community agents as possible in co-operative efforts. To the average educated layman, and, unfortunately to most mental health practitioners the community mental health care has become synonymous with the provision of mere psycho-therapy. The community mental health center has not succeeded in becoming inductor of catalytic agent in the growth of its patients, nor has it become significantly involved with the community as a scrcla1 system. These are grim facts. But new hope has begun to appear. It is contained in four revolutions now under way – revolutions in understanding, in research, in nu1ternal and child care and in education for mental health.

M.H. Saheb-Zamani

1972-08-01

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Positive mental health and mental illness.  

Science.gov (United States)

Based on the Mental Health Continuum Short Form administered in the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey - Mental Health (CCHS-MH), the percentages of Canadians aged 15 or older classified as having flourishing, moderate or languishing mental health were 76.9%, 21.6% and 1.5%, respectively. Compared with estimates for other countries, a higher percentage of Canadians were flourishing. In accordance with the complete mental health model, mental health was also assessed in combination with the presence or absence of mental illness (depression; bipolar disorder; generalized anxiety disorder; alcohol, cannabis or other drug abuse or dependence). An estimated 72.5% of Canadians (19.8 million) were classified as having complete mental health; that is they were flourishing and did not meet the criteria for any of the six past 12-month mental or substance use disorders included in the CCHS-MH. Age, marital status, socio-economic status, spirituality and physical health were associated with complete mental health. Men and women were equally likely to be in complete mental health. PMID:25229895

Gilmour, Heather

2014-09-17

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Children's Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... visit the APA Help Center . share this page: facebook twitter linkedin google+ email APA Resources APA has a longstanding commitment to addressing the mental health care needs of children and youth: Report of ...

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Community mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

They way of life in this modern day has evolved in such a way as to weaken many of the traditional supports and amenities. The extended family, the small town, the life time job (mostly agriculture), the stable marriage, the belief in Buddhism and family elders are now less available for help and comfort during a crisis. As social supports have declined, the mental health workload has multiplied both in member and range of responsibility. Before mental health well assume to be a leading problem in the changing society, we, as a mental health professionals should explain and acknowledge our collective limitations. Cooperation and support from all sectors, government and private organizations, from low level personnel to key men in administration and political positions are necessary. More realistic boundaries for our responsibilities in comprehensive Community Mental Health care should be established, but the line is not easy to draw. PMID:1791396

Ransibrahamanakul, S

1991-09-01

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Nutrition and Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... you eat affects your body. Cutting back on junk food and choosing healthier options helps you maintain a ... Adolescent Mental Health 14.3 (2009): 148-155 ) Junk Food Blues: Are Depression and Diet Related? by Zeratsky, ...

20

What Is Mental Health?  

Science.gov (United States)

... act. It also helps determine how we handle stress, relate to others, and make choices. Mental health is important at every stage of life, from childhood and adolescence through adulthood. Over the course of your life, ...

 
 
 
 
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Promoting nurses mental health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this article obstacles that influence nurses mental health are described as well as ways to address the obstacles to promote mental health.

Opsomming
In hierdie artikel word struikelblokke wat verpleegkundiges se geestesgesondheid beinvloed beskryf asook wyses hoe om die struikelblokke aan te spreek om sodoende geestesgesondheid te bevorder. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.

Marie Poggenpoel

1996-02-01

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Marriage and mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Evidence linking psychiatric impairment with divorced marital status and the presence of marital discord is reviewed. Various theoretical models to explain these relationships are considered. Divorced marital status and marital discord are related to psychiatric impairment and mental health service utilization. Available evidence suggests that part of the impairment in these populations is secondary to factors involved in the breakdown of marital relationships and not completely explainable by premarital hypotheses. This has implications for mental health administrators. PMID:6927755

Segraves, R T

1980-01-01

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Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Health (1 Item) Research Basic Research (13 Items) Clinical Research and Trials (3 Items) Mental Health Services ... Health (1 Item) Research Basic Research (13 Items) Clinical Research and Trials (3 Items) Mental Health Services ...

24

Atheism and mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

The exploration of the impact of religiosity on mental health is an enduring, if somewhat quiet, tradition. There has been virtually no exploration, however, of the influence of atheism on mental health. Though not a "religion," atheism can be an orienting worldview that is often consciously chosen by its adherents, who firmly believe in the "truth" of atheism-a phenomenon known as "positive atheism." Atheism, especially positive atheism, is currently enjoying something of a renaissance in the Western liberal democracies-a trend often referred to as the "new atheism." I argue that atheism, especially positive atheism, should be treated as a meaningful sociocultural variable in the study of mental health. I argue that atheism (just like theism) is an appropriate domain of study for social and cultural psychiatrists (and allied social scientists) interested in exploring socio-environmental stressors and buffers relating to mental health. Specifically, I argue that (1) atheism needs to be accurately measured as an individual-level exposure variable, with the aim of relating that variable to psychiatric outcomes, (2) there needs to be greater systematic investigation into the influence of atheism on psychiatry as an institution, and (3) the relation of atheism to mental health needs to be explored by examining atheistic theory and its practical application, especially as it relates to the human condition, suffering, and concepts of personhood. PMID:20415634

Whitley, Rob

2010-01-01

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Mental Health and African Americans  

Science.gov (United States)

... Cancer Chronic Liver Disease Diabetes Heart Disease Hepatitis HIV/AIDS Immunizations Infant Heath & Mortality Mental Health ... Health and African Americans Poverty level affects mental health status. African Americans living ...

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Mental Health Among Nomads  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nomads mean “a member of a group of people who have no fixed home and move according to the seasons from place to place in search of food, water, and grazing land” The aim of the present investigation has been to know about “mental health among Nomads. Sample: The sample comprised of total Three hundred (N=300 Nomads from different places from Mysore district, out of which Hundred from sillekyatha (n=100 Dombidas Hundred (n=100 and hundred from Korma (100 out of Three hundred male (n=150 female (150. Tool: Mental Health Inventory by Dr. Jagadish and Dr. A.K, Srivastava (1983.This mental health inventory consist of 54 items, with six dimensions. Statistical method: Statistical method has been applied but greater reliance has been placed on statistical methods. These regarded as we used the test-mean, SD, t-test, ANOVA.Result: As a result it is found that there is significant difference in their mental health

Chandrakant Jamadar

2012-09-01

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Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Traumatic Events Depression Mental Health Services Research NIMH Contact the Press Office 301-443-4536 NIMHpress@mail.nih.gov Press Resources Mental Health Information Summaries of Scientific Meetings Information about NIMH RePORTER : ...

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Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Item) Mental Health Services Research (2 Items) Other Alzheimer's Disease (1 Item) Coping with Traumatic Events (2 ... Item) Mental Health Services Research (2 Items) Other Alzheimer's Disease (1 Item) Coping with Traumatic Events (2 ...

29

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... 3 Items) Mental Health Services Research (2 Items) Other Alzheimer's Disease (1 Item) Coping with Traumatic Events ( ... 3 Items) Mental Health Services Research (2 Items) Other Alzheimer's Disease (1 Item) Coping with Traumatic Events ( ...

30

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Clinical Research and Trials (3 Items) Mental Health Services Research (2 Items) Other Alzheimer's Disease (1 Item) ... Clinical Research and Trials (3 Items) Mental Health Services Research (2 Items) Other Alzheimer's Disease (1 Item) ...

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Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... September 14, 2011 Dr. Sandro Galea, a National Institute of Mental Health grantee, talks about disasters and mental health research.   Watch on YouTube. Transcript Extended version Announcer : ...

32

Comparative Healthcare: Mental health.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available AbstractIn the fourth in this series of ‘comparative healthcare’ medical practitioners explore the approach to mentalillness in Bangladesh and the UK respectively. Differences and similarities in treatment regimens are illustratedwith reference to patients with varying degrees of mental illness. Mental illness poses the greatest challenge inhealth care as national investment in services often reflects cultural attitudes and norms. While the authorsdescribe very similar approaches to the diagnosis and management of severe psychotic illness there are strikingdifferences in the availability of support services for people with substance abuse and those with relapsingconditions. The involvement and co-operation of the family is particularly important in Bangladesh wherecomprehensive access to mental health services is very limited. Private alcohol and drug detoxification centresare available although many are expensive and such treatment may effectively be denied to all but the wealthiestpeople. In the UK all people with serious and enduring mental illness are entered onto a register and thereforeflagged for follow up at least once a year. General Practitioners, working within the nationally funded healthservice have been remunerated since 2003 for maintaining the register. In contrast in the absence of a casemanagementbased psychiatric follow-up framework in Bangladesh, a general practitioner and treatingpsychiatrist would need to formulate a management plan involving recognition of clinical warning signs by thefamily. Indeed the co-operation and support of the patient’s family is of paramount importance in maintainingoutpatient appointments when supporting people with mental health problems in Bangladesh. Finally weemphasise that the views expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect health policy orpractice in their respective countries. Nonetheless we believe they offer a valuable perspective on mental healthissues and commend the article to our readers.

Dr. Elizabeth Cottrell

2009-01-01

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School Mental Health Resources and Adolescent Mental Health Service Use  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: Although schools are identified as critical for detecting youth mental disorders, little is known about whether the number of mental health providers and types of resources that they offer influence student mental health service use. Such information could inform the development and allocation of appropriate school-based resources to…

Green, Jennifer Greif; McLaughlin, Katie A.; Alegria, Margarita; Costello, E. Jane; Gruber, Michael J.; Hoagwood, Kimberly; Leaf, Philip J.; Olin, Serene; Sampson, Nancy A.; Kessler, Ronald C.

2013-01-01

34

Contemporary mental health rehabilitation.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the United Kingdom, contemporary mental health rehabilitation services evolved during the period of deinstitutionalisation. They focus on people with complex psychosis, a "low volume, high needs" group which is at risk of social exclusion. Without these specialist services, this group is at risk of becoming stuck in a hospital or in other facilities that do not enable them to achieve their optimal level of autonomy. When a "whole system" of rehabilitative care is provided, including specialist inpatient facilities and supported accommodation, the majority are able to progress in their recovery and live successfully in the community. Rehabilitation is a complex intervention; current and further research is needed to identify the specific aspects of treatment and support it delivers that are most effective in enabling recovery and social inclusion for those with the most complex and long-term mental health needs. PMID:25316799

Killaspy, H

2014-09-01

35

Mental Health and Stress  

Science.gov (United States)

This project collects resources for studying mental health and stress issues with middle schoolers. Teens and stress Science NetLinks: The Laughing Brain 2: A Good Laugh Dealing with anger Stress-o-meter Look at each of the above sites. Choose one and read the content. Write a one-paragraph summary. Play interactive games and take quizzes. Keep a log of what you do. Tell which site you liked best and why. ...

Falconer, Mrs.

2007-03-18

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Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available Disasters and Mental Health Research Multimedia by Year 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 Multimedia by Topic Disorders Anxiety Disorders ( ... put their lives together again. Share More Video and Audio about: Coping with Traumatic Events Depression Mental ...

37

Brazil's mental health adventure.  

Science.gov (United States)

This is an account of my trips to Brazil in 2001 where I worked on a series of mental health projects with Brazilian colleagues. I first got interested in Brazil after I graduated from college when I was a Peace Corps volunteer in Northeast Brazil (Bahia state). After I got out of the Peace Corps I moved to Rio de Janeiro and went to work for United Press International (UPI) in their Rio bureau. I was UPI foreign news correspondent for a year and a half. Those years in Brazil were probably the happiest years of my life. Later on, after I became ill in the U.S., my Brazilian connection played an important role in my recovery. Raised in a Victorian family in a small town in the Midwest, and schooled in a traditional boarding school for boys and then at an all men's college, Brazil's lively Latino culture served as a healthy antidote for my tendency to be reserved and often depressed. My contact with Brazilians and Brazilian culture always beckoned me on. I maintained contact with my friends in Brazil and they stuck by me through my illness years. What seemed like my emotional and intellectual "excess" to me, was easily accepted by my Brazilian friends. I felt much more myself interacting with Brazilians and connected to a larger sense of self I developed in Brazil. I traveled to Brazil at every opportunity and made friends with Brazilians I met in the States. I initiated Portuguese classes at John Carroll University in Cleveland, Ohio in the early 1990s and then was invited to teach Brazilian culture to undergraduates. These appointments and my own resilience moved me past one depression and a dysthymia condition and into the wider community. I regained my confidence as a teacher, a role I had before and during the years of my illness. From this position, I organized a club for Brazilian students studying in the Cleveland area. After this teaching stint, I felt ready to pursue full time employment and began a job search that would eventually land me in New Haven at the Connecticut Mental Health Center. Since 1997, I've spent my vacations traveling and working in Brazil as an Outside Consultant on mental health projects with colleagues in Rio and Sao Paulo. In my travels I've been befriended and supported by adherents of a social movement, not unlike the U.S. Civil Rights Movement, that has struggled for many years to close Brazil's long-term psychiatric hospitals, create community-based services and expand the rights of mental patients. Now I see my Brazilian connection as part of my ongoing recovery. I see myself as having the opportunity to be a link between the mental health worlds of the U.S. and Brazil. I believe the two countries have much to offer each other when it comes to mental health. PMID:12653451

Weingarten, Richard

2003-01-01

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Disasters and Mental Health Research  

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Full Text Available Disasters and Mental Health Research Multimedia by Year 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 Multimedia by Topic Disorders Anxiety Disorders (5 Items) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( ...

39

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Items) Mental Health Services Research (2 Items) Other Alzheimer's Disease (1 ... by Topic Disorders Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (1 Item) Anxiety Disorders ( ...

40

Hawaii's public mental health system.  

Science.gov (United States)

The following article addresses the nature of and problems with the public mental health system in Hawaii. It includes a brief history of Hawaii's public mental health system, a description and analysis of this system, economic factors affecting mental health, as well as a needs assessment of the elderly, individuals with severe mental illness, children and adolescents, and ethnically diverse individuals. In addition to having the potential to increase suicide rates and unnecessarily prolong personal suffering, problems in the public mental health system such as inadequate services contribute to an increase in social problems including, but not limited to, an increase in crime rates (e.g., domestic violence, child abuse), divorce rates, school failure, and behavioral problems in children. The population in need of mental health services in Hawaii is under served, with this inadequacy of services due to economic limitations and a variety of other factors. PMID:15892263

VanderVoort, Debra J

2005-03-01

 
 
 
 
41

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Health grantee, talks about disasters and mental health research.   Watch on YouTube. Transcript Extended version Announcer : ... thousands of people. Announcer : As one might imagine, research indicates people who have been directly exposed to ...

42

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available Disasters and Mental Health Research Multimedia by Year 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 Multimedia by Topic Disorders Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) ( ... 1 Item) Populations Military Servicemembers (2 Items) Women's Mental Health (1 Item) Children and Adolescents (8 Items) Research ...

43

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Populations Children and Adolescents (18 Items) Military Service Members (2 Items) Women’s Mental Health (1 Item) Research ... Populations Children and Adolescents (18 Items) Military Service Members (2 Items) Women’s Mental Health (1 Item) Research ...

44

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Adolescents (18 Items) Military Service Members (2 Items) Women’s Mental Health (1 Item) Research Basic Research (15 ... Adolescents (18 Items) Military Service Members (2 Items) Women’s Mental Health (1 Item) Research Basic Research (15 ...

45

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available Disasters and Mental Health Research Multimedia by Year 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 Multimedia by Topic Disorders Anxiety Disorders (5 Items) Attention Deficit ... Items) Military Service Members (2 Items) Women’s Mental Health (1 Item) Research Basic Research (14 Items) Clinical ...

46

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available Disasters and Mental Health Research Multimedia by Year 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 Multimedia by Topic Disorders Anxiety Disorders (5 Items) Attention Deficit ... Items) Military Service Members (2 Items) Women’s Mental Health (1 Item) Research Basic Research (13 Items) Clinical ...

47

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Item) Populations Children and Adolescents (18 Items) Military Service Members (2 Items) Women’s Mental Health (1 Item) ... Clinical Research and Trials (3 Items) Mental Health Services Research (4 Items) RDoC (1 Item) Research Funding ( ...

48

School Mental Health Consultation Program.  

Science.gov (United States)

The goals of the School Mental Health Consultation Program, a cooperative effort of the Children and Youth Service at High Plains Mental Health Center and the Unified School District 489 in Hays, Kansas, are to evaluate students' behavioral problems, to assess how students' difficulties affect teachers, and to help the consultee assess the…

Lucero, John A.

49

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available Disasters and Mental Health Research Multimedia by Year 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 Multimedia by Topic Disorders Anxiety Disorders (5 Items) Attention Deficit ... Items) Military Service Members (2 Items) Women’s Mental Health (1 Item) Research Basic Research (15 Items) Clinical ...

50

Nepal mental health country profile.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Kingdom of Nepal is situated in the heart of Asia, between its two big neighbours China and India. Nepal is home to several ethnic groups. The majority of the 23 million population reside in the countryside. Although figures on many of the health and socio-economic indicators are non-existing, some existing ones show gradual improvement over the years. However the figures for illiteracy and infant mortality are still one of the highest in the world. As per GDP, and population living below the poverty line and per capita income, Nepal still remains one of the poorest countries in the world. Despite this, it provides shelter to thousands of Bhutanese refugees in its land. Frequent natural disasters and recent violent conflicts in Nepal have further added hardship to life. Less than 3% of the national budget is allocated to the health sector. Mental health receives insignificant attention. The Government spends about 1% of the health budget on mental health. There is no mental health act and the National Mental Health Policy formulated in 1997 is yet to be fully operational. Mental ill health is not much talked about because of the stigma attached. The roles of the legal and insurance systems are almost negligible. The financial burden rests upon the family. The traditional/religious healing methods still remain actively practiced, specifically in the field of mental health. The service, comprising little more than two-dozen psychiatrists along with a few psychiatric nurses and clinical psychologists (mainly practicing in modern health care facilities) has started showing its impact--however this is limited to specific urban areas. The majority of the modern health care facilities across the country are devoid of a mental health facility. The main contextual challenges for mental health in Nepal are the provision of adequate manpower, spreading the services across the country, increasing public awareness and formulating and implementing an adequate policy. PMID:15276946

Regmi, S K; Pokharel, A; Ojha, S P; Pradhan, S N; Chapagain, G

2004-01-01

51

Mental health and education decisions  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Mental health problems - and depression in particular - have been rising internationally. The link between poor mental health and poor educational outcomes is particularly interesting in the case of the UK which has a low international ranking both on measures of child wellbeing and the probability of early drop-out from the labour market and education. We study this issue using a large longitudinal study of a recent cohort of teenagers in England. We use the General Health Questionnaire to d...

Cornaglia, Francesca; Crivellaro, Elena; Mcnally, Sandra

2012-01-01

52

Externalising Students' Mental Models through Concept Maps  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study is to use concept maps as an "expressed model" to investigate students' mental models regarding the homeostasis of blood sugar. The difficulties in learning the concept of homeostasis and in probing mental models have been revealed in many studies. Homeostasis of blood sugar is one of the themes in junior high school…

Chang, Shu-Nu

2007-01-01

53

[Mental health services in Australia].  

Science.gov (United States)

Canada is 1.5 times the size of Australia. Australia's population of 20 million is located principally on the east coast. Like Canada, the Australia has a federal system of Government with 5 States and two territories. Each State and territory has its own legislation on mental health. The federal (Commonwealth) Government is responsible for health care planning. In addition, the federal Government subsidizes an insurance program (Medicare) that covers visits to specialists and family physicians, while provincial governments are involved in the provision of hospital care and community mental health services. The Commonwealth government also subsidises the cost of medication through the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme. These funds are supplemented by private health insurance. Mental health costs account for 6.5 per cent of all health care costs. Primary care treats the majority of common psychological disorders such as anxiety or depression, while specialist mental health services concentrate on those with severe mental illness. There have been 4 national mental health plans since 1992 with the long term aims of promoting mental health, increasing the quality and responsiveness of services, and creating a consistent approach to mental health service system reform among Australian states and territories. These systematic cycles of planning have first allowed a shift from psychiatric hospitals to community services, from reliance on psychiatric hospitals as pivotal to psychiatric care system. Community care budgets have increased, but overall have decreased with money not following patients; but recent deployment of federally funded through Medicare access to psychotherapy by psychologists for common mental disorders in primary care have increased overall budget. Concerns remain that shift to youth first onset psychosis clinics may come from older long-term psychotic patients, a form of discrimination whilst evidence amount of excess mortality by cardio-vascular diseases and cancers, and due to poverty, poor health prevention and primary health care for these patients. From a system perspective, Australia has been inspired by Canada and created in 2012 its own mental health commission with a similar leading role for patients and families, aboriginal people representatives, but also a surveillance of the system with its own yearly report, like the Quebec Health Commissioner 2012 mental health system performance report. PMID:25120122

Kisely, Steve; Lesage, Alain

2014-01-01

54

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available Disasters and Mental Health Research Multimedia by Year 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 Multimedia by Topic Disorders ... 7 Items) Treatments (10 Items) Multimedia by Year 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 Multimedia by Topic Disorders ...

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Disasters and Mental Health Research  

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Full Text Available Disasters and Mental Health Research Multimedia by Year 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 Multimedia by Topic Disorders Anxiety Disorders (5 Items) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (3 Items) Autism (12 Items) Bipolar Disorder (1 Item) Borderline ...

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Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Mental Health Research Multimedia by Year 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 Multimedia by Topic Disorders Anxiety Disorders ( ... Treatments (10 Items) Multimedia by Year 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 Multimedia by Topic Disorders Anxiety Disorders ( ...

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Disasters and Mental Health Research  

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Full Text Available Disasters and Mental Health Research Multimedia by Year 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 Multimedia by Topic Disorders Anxiety Disorders (5 Items) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (3 Items) Autism (12 Items) ...

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Disasters and Mental Health Research  

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Full Text Available Disasters and Mental Health Research Multimedia by Year 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 Multimedia by Topic Disorders ... 5 Items) Treatments (4 Items) Multimedia by Year 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 Multimedia by Topic Disorders ...

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Disasters and Mental Health Research  

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Full Text Available ... Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (1 Item) Anxiety Disorders (2 Items) Autism (10 Items) Borderline Personality Disorder (3 ... Item) Social Phobia (1 Item) Populations Military Servicemembers (2 Items) Women's Mental Health (1 Item) Children and ...

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Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Items) Social Phobia (1 Item) Populations Children and Adolescents (18 Items) Military Service Members (2 Items) Women’s Mental Health (1 Item) Research Basic Research (13 Items) Clinical ...

 
 
 
 
61

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... had symptoms of post traumatic stress disorder and depression. And that the symptoms resolved in a large ... Video and Audio about: Coping with Traumatic Events Depression Mental Health Services Research NIMH

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Malaysia mental health country profile.  

Science.gov (United States)

Malaysia is a tropical country in the heart of south east Asia with a population of 24 million people of diverse ethnic, cultural and religious backgrounds living in harmony in 330,000 km(2) of land on the Asian mainland and Borneo. Malaysia, which lies on the crossroads of trade between east and west Asia, has an ancient history as a centre of trading attracting commerce between Europe, west Asia, India and China. It has had influences from major powers that dominated the region throughout its history. Today the country, after independence in 1957, has embarked on an ambitious development project to make it a developed country by 2020. In this effort the economy has changed from one producing raw material to one manufacturing consumer goods and services and the colonial health system has been overhauled and social systems strengthened to provide better services for its people. The per capita income, which was under 1,000 US dollars at independence, has now passed 4,000 US dollars and continues to grow, with the economy largely based on strong exports that amount to over 100 billion US dollars. The mental health system that was based on institutional care in four mental hospitals at independence from British colonial rule in 1957 with no Malaysian psychiatrists is today largely based on over 30 general hospital psychiatric units spread throughout the country. With three local postgraduate training programmes in psychiatry and 12 undergraduate departments of psychiatry in the country--all started after independence--there is now a healthy development of mental health services. This is being supplemented by a newly established primary care mental health service that covers community mental health by integrating mental health into primary health care. Mental health care at the level of psychiatrists rests with about 140 psychiatrists most of whom had undertaken a four-year masters course in postgraduate psychiatry in Malaysia since 1973. However, there continues to be severe shortages of other professionals such as clinical psychologists and social workers in mental health services. There are a few specialists, and specialized services in child, adolescent, forensic, rehabilitative, liaison or research fields of mental health. In the area of services for women and children, as well as the disabled in the community, there are strong efforts to improve the care and provide services that are in keeping with a caring society. New legislation on these are being passed every year and the setting up of a Ministry for Women's Affairs is one such move in recent years. Mental health in Malaysia has been slow in developing but has in the past decade seen important strides to bring it on par with other branches of medicine. PMID:15276949

Parameshvara Deva, M

2004-01-01

63

Making mental health a priority in Belize.  

Science.gov (United States)

Belize, Central America, the most sparsely populated country in Central America, has taken gigantic steps to improve the mental health of its citizens. This article profiles mental health in this country and explicates contextual factors circumscribing manifestations, treatment, and care of mental illness. An overview of mental health services is provided, with particular focus on the role of psychiatric nurse practitioners. Other innovative approaches in promoting mental health and providing care to the those who are mentally ill are highlighted. Current and future challenges for nursing care and mental health services are presented. Recommendations for future action are offered. PMID:19327558

Killion, Cheryl; Cayetano, Claudina

2009-04-01

64

Zambia mental health country profile.  

Science.gov (United States)

This country profile for Zambia was compiled between 1998 and 2002. The objectives of the exercise were to first of all avail policymakers, other key decision makers and leaders in Zambia, information about mental health in Zambia in order to assist policy and services development. Secondly, to facilitate comparative analyses of mental health services between countries. The work involved formation of a core group of experts who coordinated the collection of information from the various organizations in Zambia. The information was later shared to a broad spectrum of stakeholders for consensus. A series of focus group discussions (FGDs) supplemented the information collected. There are various factors that contribute to mental health in Zambia. It is clear from the Zambian perspective that social, demographic, economic, political, environmental, cultural and religious influences affect the mental health of the people. With a population of 10.3 million and annual growth rate of 2.9%, Zambia is one of the most urbanized countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Poverty levels stood at 72.9% in 1998. In terms of unemployment, the most urbanized provinces, Lusaka (the capital city), and the copper-belt are the most affected. The gross domestic product (GDP) is US$3.09 billion dollars while per capita income is US$300. The total budget allocation for health in the year 2002 was 15% while the proportion of the GDP per capita expenditure for health was 5.6%. The HIV/AIDS prevalence rates stand at 20% among the reproductive age group 15-49 years. Political instability and wars in neighbouring states has resulted in an influx of refugees. Environmental factors affecting the country include natural and man-made disasters such as floods and drought, mine accidents, and deforestation. To a large extent in Zambia, people who are mentally ill are stigmatized, feared, scorned at, humiliated and condemned. However, caring for mental ill health in old age is positively perceived. It is traditionally the duty and responsibility of the extended family to look after the aged. Gender based violence (GBV) is another issue. Women, who are totally dependent on their spouses economically, are forced by circumstances to continue living in abusive relationships to the detriment of their mental well-being. In Zambia, the family is considered sacrosanct and the affairs of the family members, private. It is within this context that GBV is regarded as a family affair and therefore a private affair, yet spouse beating has led to depression and in some cases death. In terms of psychiatric services, there are close to 560 beds for psychiatric patients across the country. Common mental disorders found in Zambia are acute psychotic episodes, schizophrenia, affective disorders, alcohol related problems and organic brain syndromes. About 70-80% of people with mental health problems consult traditional health practitioners before they seek help from conventional health practitioners. Over time the number of frontline mental health workers and professional staff has been declining. This is due to the 'brain drain', retirement, death and low output from training institutions. For practicing psychiatrists, only one is available for the whole country. Other key mental health workers such as psychologists, social workers and occupational therapists are also in short supply. All in all, the mental health services situation in Zambia could be described as critical, requiring urgent attention. PMID:15276939

Mayeya, John; Chazulwa, Roy; Mayeya, Petronella Ntambo; Mbewe, Edward; Magolo, Lonia Mwape; Kasisi, Friday; Bowa, Annel Chishimba

2004-01-01

65

Stigmatization and mental health  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Stigmatizasyon represent a chronic negative interaction with the environment that most of people with a of diagnosis mental disorders. Different types of stigma may have harmful effects. Poor psychological well being, poor quality of life and poor self esteem are related stigmatization. In this article, definition and mechanism of stigmatization, influenced factors and consequences of stigmatization are reviewed. Stigmatization is a modifiable environmental risk factor. Integrating approaches...

Gulsum Ozge Doganavsargil Baysal

2013-01-01

66

Leadership and mental health nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

This discussion paper argues for the critical importance of successful leadership for effective mental health nursing, observing that nursing leadership has long been regarded problematically by the profession. Using empirical and theoretical evidence we debate what leadership styles and strategies are most likely to result in effective, recovery-orientated mental health nursing. Models of transformational and distributed leadership are found to be highly congruent with mental health nursing values, yet the literature suggests it is a type of leadership more often desired than experienced. We note how the scholarly literature tends to ignore the "elephant in the room" that is organizational power, and we question whether transformational leadership pursued within a specific clinical context can influence beyond those confines. Nevertheless it is within these contexts that consumers experience nursing, effective or otherwise, thus we should advocate what is known about effective leadership wherever it is required. PMID:21932925

Cleary, Michelle; Horsfall, Jan; Deacon, Maureen; Jackson, Debra

2011-01-01

67

Physiotherapy students’ mental health assessment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Educational environment has a serious impact on students’ mental health. Few data are available on mental health of Physiotherapy students. Aim: The purpose of this study was to assess the mental heath of students in a tertiary Physiotherapy Department during the 3rd years of studies. Material and methods: 80 males and females physiotherapy students of the 5th and 6th semester of a tertiary Physiotherapy Department filled in the GHQ-28 questionnaire. Comparisons between groups were performed using the non parametric Mann-Whitney-U test at significance level of p=0.05. Results: Physiotherapy students’ mean age was 21.77±2.42 years old. The majority of the sample were women (47 participants, 58.7%. 50% of students had a total GHQ -28 score >5, indicating high levels of distress, with anxiety and insomnia being major problems. No statistically significant differences were traced between men and women, although women had a higher total score in comparison with men (median values: 5 vs 3 respectively. Conclusions: Physiotherapy students’ mental health and especially female physiotherapy students’ mental health appears substantially burdened. Anxiety and insomnia are major problem for students of Physiotherapy.

Gesouli-Voltyraki –E.

2012-04-01

68

Culture and urban mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

The previous panoramic view provides sufficient evidence that cultural understanding of urban realities and expressions of their impact on mental health are necessary for a successful approach to mental health in cities. The issues go beyond understanding how urban realties and cultural issues differ in New York from Jakarta; every city has a variety of unwritten cultural norms that permeate every aspect of its mental health. Unless these norms are understood within the dynamic structure of city living, any attempt to intervene on mental health programs will be doomed to failure. Understanding the cultural blueprint of a city, however, is only the first step, as we need to shed our cultural assumptions while we consider contextual socioeconomic and political factors for each city. Finally we need to adapt our western view of cultural values and how citizens function or do not function within the urban environments. Because each city in is its own culturally specific entity, the three steps outlined previously can help create an accurate portrait of what is needed to implement culturally sensitive changes. A paradigm shift, laid on a bicurcated foundation, on the one hand a locally attuned awareness of urban cultural dimensions and on the other educational programs based on extensive knowledge of worldwide problems such as stigma, gender-specific issues, disability, and the plight of vulnerable populations can potentially have far reaching implications on mental health policy changes addressing the cultural needs of cities. Urban mental health is poised to be one of the central issues for the next few decades, because of the size of the world urban population and because of the protean nature of its problems. Cultural factors interplay with urban dynamics in a unique, at times creative, other times destructive, fashion. Under conditions of socioeconomic disadvantage vulnerable individuals who lack adaptive mechanisms may become mentally ill or experience an exacerbation of their mental illness. Understanding how cultural dynamics articulate with adaptation to urban life may greatly enhance our ability to properly assess and treat mental disorders in cities. In the assessment and treatment of patients living in urban areas contextual cultural factors rather than being merely complementary assume a preeminent if not crucial role. PMID:11593865

Caracci, G; Mezzich, J E

2001-09-01

69

Mental health priorities in Vietnam: a mixed-methods analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The Mental Health Country Profile is a tool that was generated by the International Mental Health Policy and Services Project to inform policy makers, professionals and other key stakeholders about important issues which need to be considered in mental health policy development. The Mental Health Country Profile contains four domains, which include the mental health context, resources, provision and outcomes. We have aimed to generate a Mental Health Country Profile for Vietnam, in order to highlight the strengths and weaknesses of the Vietnamese mental health situation, in order to inform future reform efforts and decision-making. Methods This study used snowball sampling to identify informants for generating a Mental Health Country Profile for Vietnam, and the data gathering was done through semi-structured interviews and collection of relevant reports and documents. The material from the interviews and documents was analysed according to qualitative content analysis. Results Marked strengths of the Vietnam mental health system are the aims to move toward community management and detection of mental illness, and the active involvement of several multilateral organizations and NGOs. However, there are a number of shortages still found, including the lack of treatment interventions apart from medications, the high proportion of treatments to be paid out-of-pocket, prominence of large tertiary psychiatric hospitals, and a lack of preventative measures or mental health information to the public. Conclusions At the end of this decade, mental health care in Vietnam is still characterised by unclear policy and poor critical mass especially within the governmental sector. This initial attempt to map the mental health situation of Vietnam suffers from a number of limitations and should be seen as a first step towards a comprehensive profile.

Niemi Maria

2010-09-01

70

Stigmatization and mental health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Stigmatizasyon represent a chronic negative interaction with the environment that most of people with a of diagnosis mental disorders. Different types of stigma may have harmful effects. Poor psychological well being, poor quality of life and poor self esteem are related stigmatization. In this article, definition and mechanism of stigmatization, influenced factors and consequences of stigmatization are reviewed. Stigmatization is a modifiable environmental risk factor. Integrating approaches against stigma in treatment may represent cost-effective way to reduce the risk of relapse and poor outcome occasioned by chronic exposure to stigma. [Archives Medical Review Journal 2013; 22(2.000: 239-251

Gulsum Ozge Doganavsargil Baysal

2013-04-01

71

45 CFR 1304.24 - Child mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Child mental health. 1304.24 Section...Health Services § 1304.24 Child mental health. (a) Mental health...observations, and concerns about their child's mental health; (ii) Sharing...

2010-10-01

72

Women Veterans and Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... to avoid things that remind them of the trauma. Treatment PTSD can be treated. A doctor or mental ... pregnant women, and how to get evaluated for nursing home care. Women Veterans Health Care: Military Sexual Trauma - This website addresses the specific needs of women ...

73

Mental Health 1: Human Behavior  

Science.gov (United States)

This lesson, from Science NetLinks, provides students with a sound introduction and historical overview of the important figures and discoveries that have greatly advanced the study of human behavior since the early 1900s. This lesson is the first of three lessons on mental health and human behavior.

Science Netlinks;

2002-07-29

74

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available Disasters and Mental Health Research Multimedia by Year 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 Multimedia by Topic Disorders Anxiety Disorders (5 Items) Attention Deficit ... 9 Items) Panic Disorder (1 Item) Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (8 Items) Schizophrenia (2 Items) Social Phobia ( ...

75

Cannabis Use and Mental Health Problems  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper investigates whether cannabis use leads to worse mental health. To do so, we account for common unobserved factors affecting mental health and cannabis consumption by modeling mental health jointly with the dynamics of cannabis use. Our main finding is that using cannabis increases the likelihood of mental health problems, with current use having a larger effect than past use. The estimates suggest a dose response relationship between the frequency of recent cannabis use and the pr...

Ours, J. C.; Williams, J.

2009-01-01

76

Perceived Age Discrimination and Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

Although perceived discrimination (especially due to race-ethnicity) decreases mental health, the influence of perceived discrimination due to other reasons on mental health needs to be explored. This study examines the relationship between perceived age discrimination and mental health and determines whether psychosocial resources explain or…

Yuan, Anastasia S. Vogt

2007-01-01

77

Leveraging Mental Health Dollars into Your District  

Science.gov (United States)

By addressing common reasons that schools and mental health partners often cannot sustain sufficient school-based mental health services, Connecting With Care (CWC)--a mental health collaboration that places full-time clinicians in schools in Boston's most under-served urban neighborhood--is demonstrating how schools and districts can leverage…

Kilkenny, Robert; Katz, Nechama; Baron, Lisa

2009-01-01

78

Men's mental health: Connection to urologic health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Historically, the specialty of urology has focused on single-system diseases. In recent years, however, there has been increasing recognition of the interconnectivity between the various systems, such as cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, erectile dysfunction and prostate cancer. This constellation of disease/syndrome and dysfunction may place urologists at the centre of men's overall health concerns. As urologists considering taking on a leadership role in men's health, they should also consider their potential in helping men suffering from the significant burden of a mental health disorder. Urologists may have a unique opportunity to identify mental health issues in their male patients, influence healthy behaviour change, and successfully refer men, who might otherwise not seek help, to appropriate medical/psychological care. PMID:25243041

Matthew, Andrew; Elterman, Dean

2014-07-01

79

Positive mental health: is there a cross-cultural definition?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Seven models for conceptualizing positive mental health are reviewed: mental health as above normal, epitomized by a DSM-IV’s Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) score of over 80; mental health as the presence of multiple human strengths rather than the absence of weaknesses; mental health conceptualized as maturity; mental health as the dominance of positive emotions; mental health as high socio-emotional intelligence; mental health as subjective well-being; mental health as resilience....

Vaillant, George E.

2012-01-01

80

IJERPH | Special Issue : Mental Health Care  

... Ana Fernandez Sanchez Postdoctoral Research Associate Centre for Disability Research and Policy Faculty of Health Sciences T313 Cumberland Campus The University of Sydney 75 East Street, Lidcombe, NSW 2141, Australia E-Mail: ana.fernandez@sydney.edu.au Phone: +61 2 9351 9428 Fax: +61 2 9351 9566| Interests: prevention of mental disorders and promotion of mental health; mental health economics; knowledge transfer; development of support decision systems in mental health Special Issue Information Dear Colleagues, The WHO Comprehensive Mental Health Action Plan ...

 
 
 
 
81

Deconstructing stigma in mental health  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In most articles about Stigma in Mental Health Stigma is oftenoverlooked role of professionals and stigmatizing process known as therapeutic protocol. These processes governed by institutional logics end resulting in most cases the chief cause in stigma, enthroned as the patients in a double role and identity as chronically ill patient; object of study, ultimately undermining the capacity of subjects to reconstruct their identity outside of that sick double identity. From the living experienc...

Raúl Velasco

2013-01-01

82

[For a mental health policy.].  

Science.gov (United States)

At the point of civilization where we find ourselves today, in the post-modernity conditions, the responsibility of civil society is a determining factor in the overall politic of mental health. More than ever we have to think of health and mental health in particular in terms of a social dynamics where the participation of social groups and individuals in the responsibility for collective health has priority over the structures of state and institutional interventions. The responsibilities of the state, the institutions and professionals are therefore displaced and redefined while new rights emerge and with them the need for more information and control for the users who pay for health services with their taxes. The concern to adapt a system now anachronistic can only increases the problems of a society responsible for its obsolescence. The social and human costs of the radical changes needed, will in the short term, be socially less burdensome than the consequences of illusory adaptations. In this area, we can expect that nothing will be effective without the mobilisation by the state of the collective responsabilities for a social involvement in public health. PMID:17093536

Apollon, W

1986-01-01

83

Television and the promotion of mental health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Current media campaigns, realized within national campaigns and actions on mental health prevention and promotion, are considered in this paper, in the context of expert public relation, as well as the whole society, towards mental health. Mental health promotion is determined as a range of activities by which individuals, community and society are being enabled to take control over mental health determinants and to improve it, but also as an action for improvement of mental health position on individual and social value scale. Characteristics and approach to mental health protection of citizens in Serbia are introduced in the paper, with reference to high incidence and prevalence of mental health disorders, as well as actual challenges to mental health of individuals, but also to modern society. Outcomes of the Survey: „Radio and television and prevention of addictive diseases“, realized by the Radio-television of Serbia for the purpose of establishing informative-educational role of electronic media in the field of health, are also considered. Project „Mental Capital and Wellbeing“ and TV campaign for mental health promotion, realized in England, are quoted as an illustration of necessary strategic and multidisciplinary approach to mental health promotion, in which media represent an important complementary strategy.

Miloševi? Ljiljana

2011-01-01

84

Participación y redes de cuidado entre usuarios de servicios de salud mental en el nordeste brasileño: mapeando dispositivos de reinserción social / Participation and networks of care among users of mental health services in northeast Brazil: mapping arrangements social reintegration  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Esta investigación tiene como objetivo mapear estrategias de soporte social y de organización político-social involucrando a usuarios, familiares y profesionales de servicios de salud mental en la región nordeste del Brasil. Realizamos una búsqueda activa de líderes y profesionales, además de una in [...] vestigación bibliográfica y consulta de documentos. Identificamos 8 asociaciones, las cuales fueron caracterizadas en cuanto a su composición, tiempo de fundación, fuentes de financiación, actividades desarrolladas, nivel de formalización y relación con las propuestas de la reforma. El estudio deja en evidencia que estas iniciativas son una estrategia importante de participación política, que han contribuido para ampliar el debate sobre la reforma psiquiátrica y que enfrentan dificultades financieras y de organización, como también de la adhesión de nuevos participantes. Abstract in english This research aimed to map out strategies to support social and political-social organization involving users, families and professionals of mental health services in the region northeast Brazil. We conducted an active search for leaders and professionals as well as bibliographic research, consultat [...] ion documents and publicity material. We identified 08 associations located in cities large and medium-sized, which were characterized as to its composition, time of foundation, sources of financial support, activities, level of formalization and relationship with the proposals for reform. The study shows that these initiatives are an important strategy of political participation and have contributed to widening the debate on the reform of psychiatry, but face financial, organizational and accession of new participants.

Magda, Dimenstein; Ana Karenina, Arraes Amorim; Allana, de Carvalho Araújo; André Luis, Leite de Figueiredo Sales; Clarisse, Vieira de Almeida; Kamila, Siqueira de Almeida.

85

The mental health assistant practitioner: an oxymoron?  

Science.gov (United States)

The United Kingdom is currently experiencing a recruitment and retention crisis in its nursing workforce. Mental health care is a particular problem area. Widening access to health and social care careers is a challenge for educational and health care organizations. This discussion paper examines the congruence between an educational programme aimed at developing Mental Health Assistant Practitioners' and the organizational responses to the subsequent opportunities for practice innovation within mental health care services. Whilst the 'learning while working' philosophy of the educational programme has been enthusiastically embraced by many health care organizations, the change in management required for using these assistant practitioners in service innovation appears beset by organizational, cultural and professional concerns. Not least of which are the often ambiguous concepts of the role and purpose of being a mental health nurse. This paper argues that if current mental health nurses are unclear about their role it is oxymoronic to establish the mental health assistant practitioners. PMID:15009493

Warne, T; McAndrew, S

2004-04-01

86

Why focus on mental health systems?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract The global situation for people with mental illness – in developing and developed countries – is dire. Legislative and human rights protections are frequently lacking. Mental health budgets are inadequate. There are insufficient numbers of skilled policy makers, managers and clinicians. Communities are poorly informed about mental health and illness and not well organised for purposes of advocacy. In most of the world, mental health services are inaccessible or of poor quality. Most people who would benefit from psychiatric treatment and rehabilitation do not have affordable access to such services. Leadership – at all levels – for mental health system development needs to be greatly strengthened. While mental health research attention and funds are devoted predominantly to neuroscience and clinical research, we believe that the highest global mental health research priority is mental health systems research. There is an urgent need to focus on the development of effective, appropriate, affordable mental health services. The evidence base for such development is currently weak. The International Journal of Mental Health Systems aims to stimulate greater attention to the central importance of building functioning mental health systems. Rapid publication and global reach through open access will make this journal a resource for all those who wish to contribute to such development.

Minas Harry

2007-08-01

87

Early Intervention Services in Youth Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental and substance use disorders are leading contributors to the burden of disease among young people in Australia, but young people experience a range of barriers to accessing appropriate treatment for their mental health concerns. The development of early intervention services that provide accessible and effective mental health care has the…

Wade, Darryl; Johnston, Amy; Campbell, Bronwyn; Littlefield, Lyn

2007-01-01

88

Issues in Children's Mental Health. Special Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

This Kids Count report examines issues related to children's mental health in Virginia. The report discusses the effects of children's mental illness, presents risk and protective factors, and describes the incidence of children's mental health problems. Information specific to Virginia is presented, including the prevalence of youth suicide,…

Nimmo, Margaret L.

89

Unemployment and Mental Health in French Canada.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reviews two articles contained in December 1987 issue of "Sante Mentale au Quebec" on the subject of mental health and unemployment. Articles reviewed present results of a qualitative study of the problems experienced and the mental health practices used by unemployed people. Claims articles reveal complexity of the issue while organizing it. (ABL)

King, Suzanne

1989-01-01

90

Youth mental health interventions via mobile phones: a scoping review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mobile phone technologies have been hailed as a promising means for delivering mental health interventions to youth and adolescents, the age group with high cell phone penetration and with the onset of 75% of all lifetime mental disorders. Despite the growing evidence in physical health and adult mental health, however, little information is available about how mobile phones are implemented to deliver mental health services to the younger population. The purpose of this scoping study was to map the current state of knowledge regarding mobile mental health (mMental Health) for young people (age 13-24 years), identify gaps, and consider implications for future research. Seventeen articles that met the inclusion criteria provided evidence for mobile phones as a way to engage youth in therapeutic activities. The flexibility, interactivity, and spontaneous nature of mobile communications were also considered advantageous in encouraging persistent and continual access to care outside clinical settings. Four gaps in current knowledge were identified: the scarcity of studies conducted in low and middle income countries, the absence of information about the real-life feasibility of mobile tools, the need to address the issue of technical and health literacy of both young users and health professionals, and the need for critical discussion regarding diverse ethical issues associated with mobile phone use. We suggest that mMental Health researchers and clinicians should carefully consider the ethical issues related to patient-practitioner relationship, best practices, and the logic of self-surveillance. PMID:25007383

Seko, Yukari; Kidd, Sean; Wiljer, David; McKenzie, Kwame

2014-09-01

91

Deconstructing stigma in mental health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In most articles about Stigma in Mental Health Stigma is oftenoverlooked role of professionals and stigmatizing process known as therapeutic protocol. These processes governed by institutional logics end resulting in most cases the chief cause in stigma, enthroned as the patients in a double role and identity as chronically ill patient; object of study, ultimately undermining the capacity of subjects to reconstruct their identity outside of that sick double identity. From the living experience as a person diagnosed to have suffered the vagaries of madness and perversion in a health system that has come to industrialize mental suffering, this article seeks to deconstruct the main dynamics that build social and institutional image of people with Mental problems. In contrast, using the example of the Socio-cultural Association Radio Nicosia and its ability to generate instances when possibilities for being, being and saying out of all clinical scope in what is on many occasions the identity and re-structuring of the discourse itself through constant work in media and artistic-political interventions, collectively engaged with and from the community, in the most ordinary common-vindicate community another way to understand suffering, naturalizing in the public sphere.

Raúl Velasco

2013-05-01

92

Promoting and Protecting Mental Health as Flourishing: A Complementary Strategy for Improving National Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

This article summarizes the conception and diagnosis of the mental health continuum, the findings supporting the two continua model of mental health and illness, and the benefits of flourishing to individuals and society. Completely mentally healthy adults--individuals free of a 12-month mental disorder and flourishing--reported the fewest missed…

Keyes, Corey L. M.

2007-01-01

93

Feminism, eating, and mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Eating disorders are prevalent health problems for women today. The traditional biomedical or psychiatric approaches offer a narrow perspective of the problem, its courses, and its treatment. Analyzing disordered eating from a feminist perspective, this article discusses cultural, political, and social phenomena that have had a significant impact on the development of these disorders. Parallels of eating disorders and other women's mental illnesses and the medicalization of their symptoms is explored. A "new view" of disordered eating in women is proposed that can be advanced only through feminist research. PMID:1707250

White, J H

1991-03-01

94

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... isolated- socially isolated- are at great risk of mental illness after these events. We know that people who ... the people who are most likely to have mental illness and to continue having mental illness for many ...

95

Religiousness and mental health: a review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVE: The relationship between religiosity and mental health has been a perennial source of controversy. This paper reviews the scientific evidence available for the relationship between religion and mental health. METHOD: The authors present the main studies and conclusions of a larger systematic review of 850 studies on the religion-mental health relationship published during the 20th Century identified through several databases. The present paper also includes an update on the papers ...

Moreira-Almeida Alexander; Lotufo Neto Francisco; Koenig Harold G

2006-01-01

96

Mental Health among Pre- University College Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The major aim of the present study was to study the mental health among preuniversitycollege students. The sample consists of 200 (100 Boys and females preuniversitycollege students chosen from Gulbarga district Karnataka on whom the Mentalhealth inventory was administered. After scoring the data were subjected to t-test. Theresults revealed that there is significant difference in mental health between the Rural andUrban college students and there is significant difference in mental health between thescience and arts college students. The study also revealed significant gender differencesin the mental health.

MALLIKARJUN H.KRISHNAKAR

2013-08-01

97

Mental health promotion in comprehensive schools.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this paper is to describe a participatory action research process on the development of a professional practice model of mental health nurses in mental health promotion in a comprehensive school environment in the city of Oulu, Finland. The developed model is a new method of mental health promotion for mental health nurses working in comprehensive schools. The professional practice model has been developed in workshops together with school staff, interest groups, parents and students. Information gathered from the workshops was analysed using action research methods. Mental health promotion interventions are delivered at three levels: universal, which is an intervention that affects the whole school or community; selective, which is an intervention focusing on a certain group of students; and indicated, which is an individually focused intervention. All interventions are delivered within the school setting, which is a universal setting for all school-aged children. The interventions share the goal of promoting mental health. The purposes of the interventions are enhancing protective factors, reducing risk factors relating to mental health problems and early identification of mental health problems as well as rapid delivery of support or referral to specialized services. The common effect of the interventions on all levels is the increase in the experience of positive mental health. PMID:24612241

Onnela, A M; Vuokila-Oikkonen, P; Hurtig, T; Ebeling, H

2014-09-01

98

Student Mental Health Services in Higher Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Facts about mental and emotional illness and implications for student mental health services in higher education are reviewed. Psychoses, which are types of mental illness that are usually quite severe, are discussed in terms of symptoms, as are neuroses, which cause severe distress and impair coping with living conditions but are not as…

Blai, Boris, Jr.

99

45 CFR 1304.24 - Child mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Early Childhood Development and Health Services...1304.24 Child mental health. ...education on mental health issues...special help for children with atypical behavior or development; and (iv...other community mental health...

2010-10-01

100

Global mental health: from science to action.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article charts the historical development of the discipline of global mental health, whose goal is to improve access to mental health care and reduce inequalities in mental health outcomes between and within nations. The article begins with an overview of the contribution of four scientific foundations toward the discipline's core agenda: to scale up services for people with mental disorders and to promote their human rights. Next, the article highlights four recent, key events that are indicative of the actions shaping the discipline: the Mental Health Gap Action Programme to synthesize evidence on what treatments are effective for a range of mental disorders; the evidence on task shifting to nonspecialist health workers to deliver these treatments; the Movement for Global Mental Health's efforts to build a common platform for professionals and civil society to advocate for their shared goal; and the Grand Challenges in Global Mental Health, which has identified the research priorities that, within the next decade, can lead to substantial improvements in the lives of people living with mental disorders. The article ends by examining the major challenges for the field, and the opportunities for addressing them in the future. PMID:22335178

Patel, Vikram

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

The crisis in mental health research.  

Science.gov (United States)

The author states that the mental health research program of the United States is facing a threat to its survival as a force for public health. He describes the antecedents of this crisis, which include the separation of the National Institute of Mental Health from the National Institutes of Health and other organizational changes, the public's disappointment that overly great expectations were not met, and monetary inflation coupled with budgetary cutbacks. He concludes that, because research cannot be separated from the goals of service and training, the success of the total mental health program in the United States depends on resolving the research support crisis. PMID:319690

Brown, B S

1977-02-01

102

Spirituality and Mental Health among Homeless Mothers  

Science.gov (United States)

Mothers are one of the fastest growing segments of the homeless population in the United States. Although mental health problems often contribute to homelessness, little is known about the factors that affect mothers' mental health. To help identify protective factors, this longitudinal study examined the relationship between spirituality and…

Hodge, David R.; Moser, Stephanie E.; Shafer, Michael S.

2012-01-01

103

Migrant Farmworker Stress: Mental Health Implications  

Science.gov (United States)

Context: The number of Latinos in rural regions of the United States is increasing. Little is known about factors that undermine the mental health of this segment of the rural population. Purpose: The goal of this study is to determine which stressors inherent in farmwork and the farmworker lifestyle contribute to poor mental health. Methods: An…

Hiott, Ann E.; Grzywacz, Joseph G.; Davis, Stephen W.; Quandt, Sara A.; Arcury, Thomas A.

2008-01-01

104

Child & Adolescent Mental Health Services - first annual report 2008  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

This Annual Report provides the first comprehensive survey carried out on community CAMHS teams and includes preliminary data collected by The Health Research Board on the admission of young people under the age of 18 years to inpatient mental health facilities. As many measures in this report do not have historic comparators it provides a baseline foundation that will be built upon in subsequent years providing an indication of trends that cannot yet be drawn on the basis of this report. The next report will include day hospital, liaison and inpatient services. Subsequent reports will further extend the mapping of mental health services for young people.

2009-10-01

105

[Adolescent mental health promotion in school context].  

Science.gov (United States)

School performance, involvement in bullying and frequent absences from school are indicators of not only cognitive and social skills but also mental health. Mental disorders may interfere with learning and adjustment in many ways. Mental disorders may bring about problems in attention and motivation, and failure in schoolwork often makes an adolescent vulnerable to mental disorders. Early recognition of and prompt intervention in specific learning difficulties may prevent mental disorders. Adolescents involved in bullying present with increased risk of both internalising and externalising mental disorders, as do adolescents who are frequently absent from school, whether due to illness or due to truancy. Peer rejection is an important warning sign during adolescent development. These features can fairly easily be recognised at school, and school's psychosocial support systems should have plans for intervention. Mental health promotion in school should comprise approaches that make school safe and involving for all, and individual interventions for those at risk. PMID:21053520

Kaltiala-Heino, Riittakerttu; Ranta, Klaus; Fröjd, Sari

2010-01-01

106

Reporting mental health: a discourse analysis of mental health-related news in two Australian newspapers.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reports the findings of an analysis of mental health-related news items in two Australian newspapers-one with a national readership, the other being more regionally orientated-over 1 year. The study employs both descriptive and interpretative methods in analyzing how messages about mental health and illness, mental health policy, psychiatry, mental health nursing and other mental health-related topics, are constructed and conveyed in the print media. Which stories are carried both nationally and regionally? How are these framed? Which points of view get canvassed? Which social and political interests are ignored or under-represented? PMID:9256656

Hazelton, M

1997-06-01

107

Psychometric properties of a Mental Health Team Development Audit Tool.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

To assist in improving team working in Community Mental Health Teams (CMHTs), the Mental Health Commission formulated a user-friendly but yet-to-be validated 25-item Mental Health Team Development Audit Tool (MHDAT).

Roncalli, Silvia

2013-02-01

108

Mental health training in emergency homeless shelters.  

Science.gov (United States)

The prevalence of mental illness among homeless persons points to the importance of providing mental health training to emergency shelter staff. The authors report on their own work and argue that such training offers the potential to significantly improve shelter staffs ability to respond to the needs of shelter residents with mental illness, and to the behavioral problems some of these individuals may pose for shelter operation. Mental health care providers should take into consideration organizational dynamics when planning and implementing such training. PMID:11440428

Vamvakas, A; Rowe, M

2001-06-01

109

Mental health priorities in Vietnam: a mixed-methods analysis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The Mental Health Country Profile is a tool that was generated by the International Mental Health Policy and Services Project to inform policy makers, professionals and other key stakeholders about important issues which need to be considered in mental health policy development. The Mental Health Country Profile contains four domains, which include the mental health context, resources, provision and outcomes. We have aimed to generate a Mental Health Count...

Niemi Maria; Thanh Huong T; Tuan Tran; Falkenberg Torkel

2010-01-01

110

Workplace culture and mental health are interwoven.  

Science.gov (United States)

Workplace health is a serious issue. Illness and injury take a significant toll on employers, employees and the bottom line. Research has focused primarily on the physical health and injury side of the workplace health equation, with much less attention being paid to the mental health factors that affect employers, employees, families, productivity, efficiency, quality, creativity and innovation. PMID:15829767

Service, John

2004-01-01

111

Sport and physical activity for mental health  

CERN Document Server

With approximately 1 in 6 adults likely to experience a significant mental health problem at any one time (Office for National Statistics), research into effective interventions has never been more important. During the past decade there has been an increasing interest in the role that sport and physical activity can play in the treatment of mental health problems, and in mental health promotion. The benefits resulting from physiological changes during exercise are well documented, including improvement in mood and control of anxiety and depression. Research also suggests that socio-cultural a

Carless, David

2010-01-01

112

Proximity to Urban Parks and Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Urban parks have received attention in recent years as a possible environmental factor that could encourage physical activity, prevent obesity, and reduce the incidence of chronic conditions. Despite long hypothesized benefits of parks for mental health, few park studies incorporate mental health measures. Aims of the Study To test the association between proximity to urban parks and psychological distress. Methods Cross-sectional analysis of individual health survey responses. Data were collected for a study of capital improvements of neighborhood parks in Los Angeles. A survey was fielded on a sample of residential addresses, stratified by distance from the park (within 400m, 800m, 1.6 km, and 3.2km; N=1070). We used multiple regression to estimate the relationship between the psychological distress as measured by the MHI-5 (outcome variable) and distance to parks (main explanatory variable), controlling for observed individual characteristics. Results Mental health is significantly related to residential distance from parks, with the highest MHI-5 scores among residents within short walking distance from the park (400m) and decreasing significantly over the next distances. The number of visits and physical activity minutes are significantly and independently related to distance, although controlling for them does not reduce the association between distance and mental health. Discussion and Limitations This paper provides a new data point for an arguably very old question, but for which empirical data are sparse for the US. A nearby urban park is associated with the same mental health benefits as decreasing local unemployment rates by 2 percentage points, suggesting at least the potential of environmental interventions to improve mental health. The analysis is cross-sectional, making it impossible to control for important confounders, including residential selection. Implications for Health Policy Mental health policy has traditionally focused on individual-centered interventions. Just as health policy for preventable chronic illnesses has shifted attention to modifiable environmental determinants, population mental health may benefit substantially from environmental interventions. Implications for Future Research Policy evaluations should incorporate mental health measures when assessing neighborhood improvement programs and physical environments. Many recent and ongoing studies have excluded mental health measure in the belief that they are too burdensome for respondents or irrelevant. If a causal relationship is confirmed, then ameliorating neighborhood conditions and physical environments could represent a scalable way to improve mental health issues for large populations. PMID:24864118

Sturm, Roland; Cohen, Deborah

2014-01-01

113

Public perception of mental health in Iraq  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background People who suffer from mental illness, the professionals who treat them, and indeed the actual concept of mental illness are all stigmatised in public perception and often receive very negative publicity. This paper looks at Iraq, which has a population of 30 million who are mainly Moslem. Mental health services and professionals have historically been sparse in Iraq with 1 psychiatrist per 300,000 before 2003 falling to 1 per million until recently and 1 primary care centre (40 Healthcare Workers including 4 General Practitioners to 35,000 population, compared with 1 GP per 1700 population in the UK. Methods We aimed to assess public attitudes and perceptions to mental illness. Participants were asked to complete a questionnaire (additional file 1, which was designed specifically for Iraqi contexts and was made available in 2 languages. The survey was carried out in 500 participants' homes across 2 districts of Baghdad. Additional file 1 Public Perception of Mental Illness Questionnaire. Click here for file Results The response rate of the survey was 86.4%. The paper shows respondents views on the aetiology of mental illness, perceptions of people with mental illness and attitudes towards care and treatment of people with mental illness. Conclusions This survey of public attitudes towards mental illness in Iraq has shown that community opinion about the aetiology of mental illness is broadly compatible with scientific evidence, but understanding of the nature of mental illness, its implications for social participation and management remains negative in general.

Al-Hasoon Saad

2010-10-01

114

Role of the police in linking individuals experiencing mental health crises with mental health services  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The police are considered frontline professionals in managing individuals experiencing mental health crises. This study examines the extent to which these individuals are disconnected from mental health services, and whether the police response has an influence on re-establishing contact. Methods Police records were searched for calls regarding individuals with acute mental health needs and police handling of these calls. Mental healthcare contact data were retrieved from a Psychiatric Case Register. Results The police were called upon for mental health crisis situations 492 times within the study year, involving 336 individuals (i.e. 1.7 per 1000 inhabitants per year. Half of these individuals (N=162 were disengaged from mental health services, lacking regular care contact in the year prior to the crisis (apart from contact for crisis intervention. In the month following the crisis, 21% of those who were previously disengaged from services had regular care contact, and this was more frequent (49% if the police had contacted the mental health services during the crisis. The influence of police referral to the services was still present the following year. However, for the majority (58% of disengaged individuals police did not contact the mental health services at the time of crisis. Conclusions The police deal with a substantial number of individuals experiencing a mental health crisis, half of whom are out of contact with mental health services, and police play an important role in linking these individuals to services. Training police officers to recognise and handle mental health crises, and implementing practical models of cooperation between the police and mental health services in dealing with such crises may further improve police referral of individuals disengaged from mental health services.

van den Brink Rob HS

2012-10-01

115

Enhancing home visiting with mental health consultation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Home visiting programs have been successful in engaging and enrolling families who are at high risk for stress, depression, and substance abuse. However, many of these mothers may not be receiving mental health services because home visitors lack the knowledge and skills to identify mental health or determine how to appropriately address these problems. In response, a growing number of home visiting programs are expanding their capacity by integrating a mental health provider into their ongoing operations. This approach, referred to as early childhood mental health consultation, involves a partnership between a professional consultant with early childhood mental health expertise and home visiting or family support programs, staff, and families. This integrated model holds the promise of promoting parent and child behavioral health by enhancing the capacity of home visitors to identify and appropriately address the unmet mental health needs of children and families. The article highlights efforts under way in several federally funded Linking Actions for Unmet Needs in Children's Health Project sites where local programs are testing the effectiveness of this model. PMID:24187122

Goodson, Barbara Dillon; Mackrain, Mary; Perry, Deborah F; O'Brien, Kevin; Gwaltney, Margaret K

2013-11-01

116

How Stigma Interferes with Mental Health Care  

Science.gov (United States)

Many people who would benefit from mental health services opt not to pursue them or fail to fully participate once they have begun. One of the reasons for this disconnect is stigma; namely, to avoid the label of mental illness and the harm it brings, people decide not to seek or fully participate in care. Stigma yields 2 kinds of harm that may…

Corrigan, Patrick

2004-01-01

117

Dimensions of Health among Patients in Mental Health Services  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Empirical studies focusing on the subjective experience of health among patients in contact with the mental health services are rare and most questionnaires are based on a medical model that emphasizes objectively observed disease-oriented health indicators. In studies I and II perceptions of the concept of health among patients and nurses in mental health services were explored and described using a phenomenographic approach. The perceptions and description categories that emerged from these...

Jormfeldt, Henrika

2007-01-01

118

Service network analysis for agricultural mental health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Farmers represent a subgroup of rural and remote communities at higher risk of suicide attributed to insecure economic futures, self-reliant cultures and poor access to health services. Early intervention models are required that tap into existing farming networks. This study describes service networks in rural shires that relate to the mental health needs of farming families. This serves as a baseline to inform service network improvements. Methods A network survey of mental health related links between agricultural support, health and other human services in four drought declared shires in comparable districts in rural New South Wales, Australia. Mental health links covered information exchange, referral recommendations and program development. Results 87 agencies from 111 (78% completed a survey. 79% indicated that two thirds of their clients needed assistance for mental health related problems. The highest mean number of interagency links concerned information exchange and the frequency of these links between sectors was monthly to three monthly. The effectiveness of agricultural support and health sector links were rated as less effective by the agricultural support sector than by the health sector (p Conclusion Aligning with agricultural agencies is important to build effective mental health service pathways to address the needs of farming populations. Work is required to ensure that these agricultural support agencies have operational and effective links to primary mental health care services. Network analysis provides a baseline to inform this work. With interventions such as local mental health training and joint service planning to promote network development we would expect to see over time an increase in the mean number of links, the frequency in which these links are used and the rated effectiveness of these links.

Fuller Jeffrey D

2009-05-01

119

Religion, Spirituality and Your Mental Health Care  

Science.gov (United States)

Religion, Spirituality and Your Mental Health Care Quick Links Facts for Families - Numerical List Facts for Families - ... and print a PDF version of this document . Religion and spirituality can be important in the lives ...

120

Mental health challenges of LGBT forced migrants  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Many LGBT forced migrants have significant and sometimesincapacitating psychological scars. Mental health providers can assistin documenting the psychological impact of anti-LGBT persecutionand its impact on the ability to secure refugee status.

Ariel Shidlo

2013-04-01

 
 
 
 
121

Study of Factors Affecting Mental Health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study is to investigate the simple and multiple relationships between role ambiguity, role conflict, role overload and mental health considering the moderating role of type A personality and sense of coherence. To this end correlation and regression analysis is utilized. Research sample includes 196 personnel working in Ahvaz Pipe-production factory during year 2007. Research results revealed that there is a significant relation between role ambiguity and mental health deficiency, but no one was found between role conflict and role overload and mental health deficiency; nevertheless, higher correlation level between role stressors and mental Health deficiency in low-level sense of coherence in comparison with high-level sense of coherence personnel was found. Also, a higher multiple correlations between role stressors and MH deficiency in personnel having further type A personality in comparison with personnel having not as much of mentioned group’s type A personality was observed.

Abdul-Kazem Naisi

2009-01-01

122

Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act  

Science.gov (United States)

... Other Resources Funding Opportunities Letters Regulations and Guidance Stakeholder Engagement Training Resources The Mental Health Parity and ... until 2016, States may elect to retain a definition of small groups of 50 or fewer employees. ...

123

Strategic market positions for mental health services.  

Science.gov (United States)

Faced with a rapidly changing market, increased legislation and intense competition, mental health service providers must be sophisticated planners and position themselves advantageously in the marketplace. They can effectively position themselves to be profitable and sustaining through market segmentation and sensitivity. The following article will address one concept of marketing that has received less attention but is of critical importance: positioning. As the market environment becomes increasingly competitive, positioning will be the key to success for mental health programs and institutions. PMID:10302552

Ambrose, D M; Lennox, L

1988-01-01

124

Computer Applications in Mental Health Management  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper presents an overview of computer applications in mental health management. It makes a distinction between general (omnibus) mental health information systems and management information systems, between administrative and clinical computer applications, and summarizes the trend toward efficient, well-defined minimal-data-base management systems, with smaller, less expensive hardware. It also comments briefly on other current trends, including the move from central batch processing o...

Hedlund, James L.; Wurster, Cecil R.

1982-01-01

125

Mental health assessment in rehabilitation research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Assessment in mental health research has evolved from focusing on symptoms and diagnosis to addressing a broad range of change, including psychosocial functioning. This is consistent with developments in the areas of psychosocial rehabilitation and the increase in recovery-oriented intervention models for mental disorders. We reviewed the status of assessment in mental health research, providing an overview of symptom and diagnostic assessment that is the cornerstone of most mental health research assessment. We then focused on measurement that can be applied across diagnostic groups and on functioning as a key mental health outcome. We reviewed the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health and its implications for improvements in assessment. We provided an example of a new assessment, the Inventory of Psychosocial Functioning, which highlights key issues in the measurement of functioning. We then addressed improving research assessment, including issues of assessment in diverse populations and the need to capitalize on new data sources and new assessment technologies to advance assessment in mental health research. Finally, we reviewed and discussed areas for research and quality improvement, drawing on examples from the Department of Veterans Affairs to illustrate potential opportunities.

John R. McQuaid, PhD

2012-02-01

126

Poverty and mental health in Indonesia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Community and facility studies in developing countries have generally demonstrated an inverse relationship between poverty and mental health. However, recent population-based studies contradict this. In India and Indonesia the poor and non-poor show no difference in mental health. We revisit the relationship between poverty and mental health using a validated measure of depressive symptoms (CES-D) and a new national sample from Indonesia - a country where widespread poverty and deep inequality meet with a neglected mental health service sector. Results from three-level overdispersed Poisson models show that a 1% decrease in per capita household expenditure was associated with a 0.05% increase in CES-D score (depressive symptoms), while using a different indicator (living on less than $2 a day) it was estimated that the poor had a 5% higher CES-D score than the better off. Individual social capital and religiosity were found to be positively associated with mental health while adverse events were negatively associated. These findings provide support for the established view regarding the deleterious association between poverty and mental health in developed and developing countries. PMID:24524962

Tampubolon, Gindo; Hanandita, Wulung

2014-04-01

127

Mental health and group tensions.  

Science.gov (United States)

The author points out that, with the development of technology in industry and the resultant more-technical roles demanded of workers, communication between them and between all persons in an industrial organization becomes of primary importance. This is particularly so because of the constant demands for change within an industrial organization. Any change, however minor, will inevitably involve a wide area of the organization, and special attention will therefore have to be paid to communication between persons.The author goes on to describe some of the investigations which have been made by the Institute of Preventive Medicine, Leyden, and indicates the extreme difficulty of obtaining accurate information. He shows also how the different attitudes of persons within a factory can lead to completely different perceptions of the field and of the attitudes of others within the same organization. He concludes that the main task of the mental health workers in industry lies in the prevention of tensions within it.One of the means of preventing tensions is to aim at a concept of "productive collaboration" within a factory. This task is seen as a special kind of therapy which must concern all levels of the factory. The author describes a procedure of investigation-diagnostic and therapeutic-within a factory, commencing with a phase of introduction, a pilot study, extensive individual interviewing, group interviewing, and a more specifically therapeutic phase, in which groups or specific individuals are enabled to talk their problems out. Finally, the investigating team must take steps to prevent situations of tension recurring, and, before leaving, must be certain that the plant is capable of maintaining a healthy equilibrium by itself. PMID:13276808

KOEKEBAKKER, J

1955-01-01

128

The National Mental Health Registry (NMHR).  

Science.gov (United States)

The National Mental Health Registry (NMHR) collects information about patients with mental disorder in Malaysia. This information allows us to estimate the incidence of selected mental disorders, and to evaluate risk factors and treatment in the country. The National Mental Health Registry (NMHR) presented its first report in 2004, a year after its establishment. The report focused on schizophrenia as a pioneer project for the National Mental Health Registry. The development of the registry has progressed with data collected from government-based facilities, the academia and the private sector. The 2003-2005 report was recently published and distributed. Since then the registry has progressed to include suicides and other mental illnesses such as depression. The NMHR Report 2003-2005 provides detailed information about the profile of persons with Schizophrenia who presented for the first time to various psychiatry and mental health providers throughout Malaysia. More detailed description regarding pharmacotherapy is reported and few cross tabulations done in an effort to provide better understanding and more clinically meaningful reports. PMID:19227671

Aziz, A A; Salina, A A; Abdul Kadir, A B; Badiah, Y; Cheah, Y C; Nor Hayati, A; Ruzanna, Z Z; Sharifah Suziah, S M; Chee, K Y

2008-09-01

129

Supporting positive dimensions of health, challenges in mental health care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper will explore two contrasting paradigms in mental health care and their relationship to evidence-based practice. The biomedical perspective of pathogenesis and the health perspective of salotogenesis are two major diverse views in mental health care. Positive dimensions of health are traditionally viewed as software not suitable for statistical analysis, while absence of symptoms of disease are regarded as measurable and suitable for statistical analysis and appropriate as a foundation of evidence-based practice. If the main goal of mental health care is to enhance subjectively experienced health among patients, it will not be sufficient to evaluate absence of symptoms of disease as a measure of quality of care. The discussion focuses on the paradox of evidence-based absence of illness and disease versus subjectively experienced health and well-being as criterions of quality of care in mental health care.

Henrika Jormfeldt

2011-05-01

130

Myths & Facts about Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... and have recovered, tend to be second-rate workers on the job. Fact: Employers who have hired people with mental illnesses report good attendance and punctuality, as well as motivation, quality of work, and job tenure on par ...

131

Mixed methods research in mental health nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mixed methods research is becoming more widely used in order to answer research questions and to investigate research problems in mental health and psychiatric nursing. However, two separate literature searches, one in Scotland and one in the USA, revealed that few mental health nursing studies identified mixed methods research in their titles. Many studies used the term 'embedded' but few studies identified in the literature were mixed methods embedded studies. The history, philosophical underpinnings, definition, types of mixed methods research and associated pragmatism are discussed, as well as the need for mixed methods research. Examples of mental health nursing mixed methods research are used to illustrate the different types of mixed methods: convergent parallel, embedded, explanatory and exploratory in their sequential and concurrent combinations. Implementing mixed methods research is also discussed briefly and the problem of identifying mixed methods research in mental and psychiatric nursing are discussed with some possible solutions to the problem proposed. PMID:21749560

Kettles, A M; Creswell, J W; Zhang, W

2011-08-01

132

Enhanced Mental Image Mapping in Autism  

Science.gov (United States)

The formation and manipulation of mental images represents a key ability for successfully solving visuospatial tasks like Wechsler's Block Design or visual reasoning problems, tasks where autistics perform at higher levels than predicted by their Wechsler IQ. Visual imagery can be used to compare two mental images, allowing judgment of their…

Soulieres, I.; Zeffiro, T. A.; Girard, M. L.; Mottron, L.

2011-01-01

133

Intermarriages, children of mixed parentage & mental health  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper presents some aspects of the ongoing project about the persons in cross border intimate partnerships and their children. Researchers, health-care professionals and policy-makers are increasingly recognising the challenge presented by the increasing ethnic diversity in the Nordic countries, among others the increased challenges and risks involved in the increasing partnerships formation across the ethnic borders to health systems. To help meet this challenge, this project has two objectives. The objective in the first is to gain insights about the dynamics of intermarriage in relation to mental health of the couples in the Denmark and Norway. Mental health is conceptualised as the self understandings as well as the salient relationships at various levels. The second objective is to improve the accessibility of and further develop psychosocial services available for intermarried couples experiencing mental health problems. The theoretical framework of the project is interdisciplinary, combining transnationalism, narrative approach and life-course perspectives. Some statistical data pertaining to phenomenon of intermarriage in Denmark will also be presented. The investigation through qualitative research interviews will involve a number of couples, primarily Asians including those from the South Asian diaspora, currently / earlier married to native Danes. The focus is on their experiences and concerns related to mental health, in which their children will have a central place. To the extent feasible, for intermarried couples with mental health problems, the experiences and suggestions regarding psychosocial services for professional intervention will also be delineated.

Singla, Rashmi

134

Declaration on mental health in Africa: moving to implementation  

Science.gov (United States)

Urgent action is needed to address mental health issues globally. In Africa, where mental health disorders account for a huge burden of disease and disability, and where in general less than 1% of the already small health budgets are spent on these disorders, the need for action is acute and urgent. Members of the World Health Organization, including African countries, have adopted a Comprehensive Mental Health Action Plan. Africa now has an historic opportunity to improve the mental health and wellbeing of its citizens, beginning with provision of basic mental health services and development of national mental health strategic plans (roadmaps). There is need to integrate mental health into primary health care and address stigma and violations of human rights. We advocate for inclusion of mental health into the post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals, and for the convening of a special UN General Assembly High Level Meeting on Mental Health within three years. PMID:24931476

Daar, Abdallah S.; Jacobs, Marian; Wall, Stig; Groenewald, Johann; Eaton, Julian; Patel, Vikram; dos Santos, Palmira; Kagee, Ashraf; Gevers, Anik; Sunkel, Charlene; Andrews, Gail; Daniels, Ingrid; Ndetei, David

2014-01-01

135

Medio laboral y salud mental / Work environment and mental health  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se revisan las formas predominantes de experimentar el trabajo y el medio laboral en el mundo occidental desde la revolución industrial analizando el sur-gimiento de diferentes funciones, como: medio de subsistencia, generador de derechos, jerarquizador en el entramado social, fuente de significado [...] personal y entorno privilegiado de relaciones interpersonales significativas. Se discute el papel que la actividad productiva puede tener en el sistema de significados que configura a los individuos como miembros de una sociedad concreta, y, por tanto, en su salud mental. En base a ello se discute el papel del sistema de atención a la salud mental en este terreno. Abstract in english We review the main ways of experiencing work and work environment in Occident since the industrial revolution. We describe the emergence of different functions as: subsistence means, source of rights, source of social hierarchies, source of personal meanings and scene of personal relationships. We d [...] iscuss the role of productive activity in the meaning system that constitute individuals as member of a concrete society and, therefore, their mental health. On this basis, we discuss the role of the mental health care system in this field.

Alberto, Fernández Liria; Mª Jesús, García Álvarez.

2004-06-01

136

Maternal mental health and parenting in poverty.  

Science.gov (United States)

Maternal mental health is a key factor affecting the quality of parenting and, ultimately, a child's developmental outcomes. Thus, the persistence of mental health problems such as chronic depressive symptoms or addiction in low-income mother-child dyads may be the critical determinant of their collective future. This review examines the research conducted by nurses that focuses on maternal mental health, mothering, and child outcomes in the context of rearing children in poverty. Multiple methods were used for the search. Four programs showed evidence of sustained, related studies focused on the mental health of low-income mothers and their parenting. Two of these programs included intervention studies aimed at improving the mental health of mothers and developmental outcomes for their children. There were four newer programs of research in which the research teams had begun to focus on mothers rearing children in poverty and five other researchers who conducted single studies of maternal mental health. Additionally, two investigators focused on mothers who were prisoners, one team focused on homeless mothers, and another on mothers with HIV. Studies were critiqued using a developmental science framework. Studies varied widely in the degree to which they used developmentally based conceptual frameworks, designs, and measures. While nurse scientists have made progress in conducting research with mothers rearing children in poverty, there is an urgent need for more developmentally sensitive research aimed at strengthening maternal mental health and assisting mothers to be more effective parents in the midst of the challenges of poverty and welfare reform. By doing so, nursing interventions can improve the child's developmental outcomes. PMID:12858701

Beeber, Linda S; Miles, Margaret Shandor

2003-01-01

137

Sustaining an Aboriginal mental health service partnership.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Regional Aboriginal Integrated Social and Emotional (RAISE) Wellbeing program commenced in February 2003 as an Aboriginal mental health service partnership between one Aboriginal Health Service and three mainstream services: a community mental health team, a hospital mental health liaison, and an "outback" community counselling service. A case study method was used to describe the drivers (incentives for program development), linkage processes (structures and activities through which the partnership operated), and sustainability of the program. Program drivers were longstanding problems with Aboriginal peoples' access to mental health care, policy direction favouring shared service responsibility, and a relatively small amount of new funding for mental health that allowed the program to commence. Linkage processes were the important personal relationships between key individuals. Developing the program as a part of routine practice within and across the partner organisations is now needed through formal agreements, common care-management tools, and training. The program's sustainability will depend on this development occurring, as well as better collection and use of data to communicate the value of the program and support calls for adequate recurrent funds. The development of care-management tools, training and data systems will require a longer period of start-up funding as well as some external expertise. PMID:16296956

Fuller, Jeffrey D; Martinez, Lee; Muyambi, Kuda; Verran, Kathy; Ryan, Bronwyn; Klee, Ruth

2005-11-21

138

Concurrent trajectories of BMI and mental health patterns in emerging adulthood.  

Science.gov (United States)

Affective disorders and weight status have been consistently linked in childhood and adult research, and this comorbidity has synergistic effects leading to more severe health consequences. We map the co-development of these developmental processes in the U.S. National Longitudinal Survey of Youth - 1997 (NLSY97) cohort ages 15 to 27 to inform the targeting of public health interventions. We estimate profiles of youth mental health and weight status through parallel process growth mixture modeling within a person-centered framework controlling for race/ethnicity, gender, and poverty status. Fit statistics indicate a 5-class parallel process model for the concurrent trajectories of BMI and mental health. The concurrent trajectories model reveals latent class trajectories of "stable normal weight, stable good mental health" (82.2%); "consistently obese, stable good mental health" (6.8%); "overweight becoming obese, declining mental health" (5.6%); "stable normal weight, improving mental health" (3.3%); and "morbid obesity, stable good mental health" (2.1%). The risk of developmental trajectories of poor mental health and BMI outcomes is greater for females, blacks, Hispanics, and individuals living below the poverty line. These results should help public health professionals to better target subpopulations approaching or already experiencing developmental pathways of risk for poor mental health and weight comorbidities. Multilevel investigation of lifestyle and contextual factors will foster further refinement of public health interventions. PMID:24331875

Mumford, Elizabeth A; Liu, Weiwei; Hair, Elizabeth C; Yu, Tzy-Chyi

2013-12-01

139

Mental health research and philanthropy: possible partnerships?  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental health research has received relatively little philanthropic support in Australia compared with other areas of health research. Philanthropic trusts do not generally provide recurrent funding or make grants for that perceived to be the responsibility of the state or the market. The emergence of 'strategic philanthropy' however, provides potential for mental health researchers to form partnerships with philanthropic foundations, particularly on initiatives that are focused on prevention and innovative and sustainable models with the capacity to 'go to scale' across the service system. PMID:15660703

Scott, Dorothy

2005-01-01

140

Mental Health Practice Guidelines for Child Welfare  

Science.gov (United States)

The guidelines and supporting rationale presented in this paper were developed from the October 2007 "Best Practices for Mental Health in Child Welfare Consensus Conference" sponsored by Casey Family Programs, the Annie E. Casey Foundation and the REACH Institute (REsource for Advancing Children's Health). The purpose of the conference was to…

Annie E. Casey Foundation, 2009

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Career Guidance and Public Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

Career guidance may have the potential to promote public health by contributing positively to both the prevention of mental health conditions and to population level well-being. The policy implications of this possibility have received little attention. Career guidance agencies are well placed to reach key target groups. Producing persuasive…

Robertson, Peter J.

2013-01-01

142

Common Mental Health Conditions in Primary Care  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Common mental health problems particularly depression and anxiety are frequently found in primary care settings. Depression can range from mild to severe but even in less severe cases can cause problems with normal functioning. Anxiety regularly manifests itself with depression but anxiety disorders, of which there are several, are also likely to disrupt normal life. There are several treatments for these conditions both pharmacological and psychological. Severe mental illness (SMI), generall...

Fiona Carver; Fiona Jones

2013-01-01

143

Mental Health Promotion among Nursing Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem statement: In the literature, there is no consensus over what constitutes an appropriate model for mental health promotion among nursing students in Thailand. Approach: This quasi-experimental research was conducted to evaluate the effects of mental health promotion intervention. Several activities in this intervention were created for promoting sense of coherence which focused on the manipulation of both internal and external factors that effect mental health. Results: The results revealed that prior to the implementation of mental health promotion intervention, both experimental and control groups demonstrated that there were no significant differences on the mean score of all styles of defense mechanisms and sense of coherence either in total or individual dimensions. After intervention were implemented, however, there were significantly differences between groups using mature defense mechanisms (t = -3.486, pConclusion: These findings reflect the effectiveness of mental health promotion intervention. In order to prepare student nurses most effectively, nursing schools should apply this appropriate interventions with their students.

Choochart Deeromram

2010-01-01

144

Mental health in the foreclosure crisis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Current evidence suggests that the rise in home foreclosures that began in 2007 created feelings of stress, vulnerability, and sapped communities of social and economic resources. Minority and low SES communities were more likely to be exposed to predatory lending and hold subprime mortgages, and were the hardest hit by the foreclosure crisis. Little research has examined whether and how the foreclosure crisis has undermined population mental health. I use data from 2245 counties in 50 U.S. states to examine whether living in high foreclosure areas is associated with residents' mental health and whether the foreclosure crisis has the potential to exacerbate existing disparities in mental health during the recessionary period. I use county-level data from RealtyTrac and other data sources, and individual-level data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey from 2006 to 2011. I find that - net of time invariant unobserved between-county differences, national time trends, and observed confounders - a rise in a county's foreclosure rate is associated with a decline in residents' mental health. This association is especially pronounced in counties with a high concentration of low SES and minority residents, which supports the perspective that the foreclosure crisis has the potential to exacerbate existing social disparities in mental health. PMID:25084488

Houle, Jason N

2014-10-01

145

Failed Infertility Treatment Linked to Worse Mental Health in Study  

Science.gov (United States)

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Failed Infertility Treatment Linked to Worse Mental Health in Study ... Dallas Wednesday, September 10, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Infertility Mental Health Women's Health WEDNESDAY, Sept. 10, 2014 ( ...

146

[Mental health support for disaster relief personnel].  

Science.gov (United States)

The Tohoku-Pacific Ocean Earthquake, which occurred on March 11, 2011, caused serious damage and resulted in numerous fatalities and almost 20,000 missing persons. Furthermore, a major accident accompanied by exudation of radioactive material occurred in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. A statement regarding the victims' mental health was issued by the Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology on May 21, 2011, which established the Department of Disaster Psychiatry for the provision and assurance of long-term mental care support for the victims. The Department of Disaster Psychiatry was consequently reformed in April 2012, focusing on the following objectives: to verify the validity of current mental support methods; to ensure disaster psychiatry and medical care in Japan; and to promote human resource development that can respond to future large-scale disasters. Mental health support for disaster victims is of highest priority. However, the mental health of relief personnel, who act as front liners during disasters (i. e., police officers, fire fighters, Self-Defense Forces, and health care workers), has often been neglected. Therefore, countermeasures for the problems faced by relief personnel are indispensable for a more effective reconstruction. Volunteers are also important members of the disaster relief team and they have witnessed the actual tragedy, and some have experienced burnout. Thus, they require sufficient mental health support, as do relief personnel. We thought that the mental health of disaster relief personnel is an important issue; thus, we report their mental health needs, the systematic correspondence to disaster stress, and our works for relief assistance. As first responders, relief personnel even without prior disaster education proceed to the area of disaster and may get injured. We therefore suggest that prior to the occurrence of any disaster, networking, education, and disaster awareness should be advocated among relief personnel and volunteers to safeguard their mental health. However, programs on these subjects remain insufficient. We extend our utmost respect and appreciation to the disaster relief workforce for doing their best to save lives. We hope that this aids in the reconstruction process of such affected areas. PMID:24783446

Takahashi, Sho

2014-01-01

147

Mental health consequences of the Chernobyl disaster  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The psychosocial consequences of disasters have been studied for more than 100 years. The most common mental health consequences are depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, medically unexplained somatic symptoms, and stigma. The excess morbidity rate of psychiatric disorders in the first year after a disaster is in the order of 20%. Disasters involving radiation are particularly pernicious because the exposure is invisible and universally dreaded, and can pose a long-term threat to health. After the Chernobyl disaster, studies of clean-up workers (liquidators) and adults from contaminated areas found a two-fold increase in post-traumatic stress and other mood and anxiety disorders and significantly poorer subjective ratings of health. Among liquidators, the most important risk factor was severity of exposure. In general population samples, the major risk factor was perceived exposure to harmful levels of radiation. These findings are consistent with results from A-bomb survivors and populations studied after the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant accident. With regard to children, apart from findings from ecological studies that lack direct data on radiation or other teratologic exposures and local studies in Kiev, the epidemiologic evidence suggests that neither radiation exposure nor the stress of growing up in the shadow of the accident was associated with emotional disorders, cognitive dysfunction, or impaired academic performance. Thus, based on tred academic performance. Thus, based on the studies of adults, the Chernobyl Forum concluded that mental health was the largest public health problem unleashed by the accident. Since mental health is a leading cause of disability, physical morbidity, and mortality, health monitoring after radiation accidents like Fukushima should include standard measures of well-being. Moreover, given the comorbidity of mental and physical health, the findings support the value of training non-psychiatrist physicians in recognizing and treating common mental health problems like depression in Fukushima patients. (note)

148

MENTAL HEALTH AND PERSONALITY OF WIDOWS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of present research was to study the various aspects of mental health and personality of widows [women]. Sample consists of 100 widows in rural areas at Satara district of Maharashtra state. The duration of widowhood was above 1 month. Thesample selection methodwas used as purposive sampling technique. Result shows that duration of widowhood of widows' had significant effect on mental health and personality.The duration of 1 to 12 months of widowhood women was more alienation, emotionally unstable and social non conformity than above one year duration of widowhood women. The widow women were introvert but not neurotic on the personality test.Mental health and personality was positively correlated at low level.

GAIKWAD SANTOSH BHIKAJI

2012-12-01

149

Age differences in mental health literacy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The community's knowledge and beliefs about mental health problems, their risk factors, treatments and sources of help may vary as a function of age. Methods Data were taken from an epidemiological survey conducted during 2003–2004 with a national clustered sample of Australian adults aged 18 years and over. Following the presentation of a vignette describing depression (n = 1001 or schizophrenia (n = 997, respondents were asked a series of questions relating to their knowledge and recognition of the disorder, beliefs about the helpfulness of treating professionals and medical, psychological and lifestyle treatments, and likely causes. Results Participant age was coded into five categories and cross-tabulated with mental health literacy variables. Comparisons between age groups revealed that although older adults (70+ years were poorer than younger age groups at correctly recognising depression and schizophrenia, young adults (18–24 years were more likely to misidentify schizophrenia as depression. Differences were also observed between younger and older age groups in terms of beliefs about the helpfulness of certain treating professionals and medical and lifestyle treatments for depression and schizophrenia, and older respondents were more likely to believe that schizophrenia could be caused by character weakness. Conclusion Differences in mental health literacy across the adult lifespan suggest that more specific, age appropriate messages about mental health are required for younger and older age groups. The tendency for young adults to 'over-identify' depression signals the need for awareness campaigns to focus on differentiation between mental disorders.

Christensen Helen

2008-04-01

150

MEDICINA INDÍGENA Y SALUD MENTAL / INDIGENOUS MEDICINE AND MENTAL HEALTH  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las diferentes alternativas médicas con que hoy cuenta la humanidad enriquecen tanto la profilaxis, como los diagnósticos y los tratamientos mismos de las enfermedades, cuando éstas se abordan desde un marco multicausal. El siguiente artículo hace una reflexión alrededor de dos alternativas: la medi [...] cina occidental y la medicina indígena. Se focaliza en la concepción de salud que manejan estas dos formas de conocimiento, se hace hincapié en la necesidad de revalorar la medicina indígena, y se plantea a grosso modo cómo desde la medicina indígena se ven las alteraciones en la salud mental. El autor resalta que para comprender la concepción de salud mental que puedan tener los pueblos indígenas, se hace necesario entender la cosmogonía y cosmología propia de esos pueblos. Abstract in english The different medical alternatives used today by humanity enrich the prophylaxis as well as the diagnoses and the treatment of diseases when these are tackled within a multicausal framework. In this paper two of these alternatives are considered: Western medicine and indigenous medicine. It focuses [...] on the concept of health developed by these two approaches, emphasizes the need to reassess indigenous medicine, and examines in general how mental health disorders are regarded from the point of view of indigenous medicine. The author stresses that in order to understand this conception it is necessary to get acquainted with the cosmogony and cosmology characteristics of indigenous people.

ÁLVARO ROBERTO, VALLEJO SAMUDIO.

2006-12-15

151

Stress and mental health among medical students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. Medical studies bring many stressful activities to students. Prolonged stress can make adverse effects to mental health and lead to further professional burnout. Objective. The aim of this study was to assess the association of stress impact and adverse effects of medical studies with psychological distress among medical students. Methods. The cross sectional study was conducted on 367 fourth­year medical students of the Faculty of Medicine in Belgrade, by means of the anonymous questionnaire, containing: socio­demographic data, self­reported health status and stressful influences of studying activities. Mental health status was estimated by General Health Questionnaire (GHQ­12. Results. More than 50% of students perceive frequent feeling of psychic tension, and one third has problems with insomnia. Nearly one­half of students assessed their general stress level as moderate or high. Exams were estimated as high stressor in 63.1% of all students. Stressful effects of communication with teaching staff were reported by one quarter of the examinees. The scores of GHQ­12 were above the threshold in 55.6 % of all students. Mental health problems among students were most significantly associated with stressful experience during exams and contacts with teaching staff. Conclusion. Academic stress makes great influence on mental health of medical students. Reduction of stress effects should be directed to optimization of the examination process and improvement of communication skills. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. OI 175078

Backovi? Dušan V.

2013-01-01

152

Perceived Discrimination and Children's Mental Health Symptoms.  

Science.gov (United States)

Perceived discrimination has been shown to be strongly associated with mental health outcomes, such as depression, anxiety, chronic stress, post traumatic stress disorder, and low self-esteem. This study (N = 88) examined the effects of perceived discrimination and its association with child mental health symptoms. African American children had a significantly stronger association between social stress and a sense of exclusion/rejection than Multiracial or European American children. Nurses need to assess and counsel families of color about their experiences with perceived discriminatory acts. PMID:25365283

Cooke, Cheryl L; Bowie, Bonnie H; Carrère, Sybil

2014-01-01

153

Mental health assessment of rape offenders.  

Science.gov (United States)

There is an urgent need for development of methods of assessment and management of sex offenders (rapists, child sex offenders, other sexual offenders, and murderers) to mount a society-wide battle against the scourge of sexual offences in India. This paper provides an overview of theories, models, and assessment methods of rapists. It draws upon literature from psychiatry, psychology, criminology, probation, and ethics to provide a framework for understanding reasons behind rape, how mental health issues are implicated, what mental health professionals can do to contribute to crime management, and why this is ethically right and proper. PMID:24082243

Sarkar, Jaydip

2013-07-01

154

Mental Health: Keeping Your Emotional Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... such as a chemical imbalance in the brain. Stress and problems with family, work or school can sometimes trigger mental illness or make it worse. However, people who are emotionally healthy have learned ways to cope with stress and problems. They know when to seek help ...

155

Developing Principles for Best Practice in Expanded School Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

On the basis of activities of a federally funded national center for school mental health, review of literature on principles for best practice in child and adolescent mental health and school health, and consultation with national experts and family members, a set of 10 principles for best practice in school mental health was developed. A survey…

Weist, Mark D.; Sander, Mark A.; Walrath, Christine; Link, Benjaman; Nabors, Laura; Adelsheim, Steve; Moore, Elizabeth; Jennings, Jenni; Carrillo, Kristine

2005-01-01

156

Social Workers' Role in the Canadian Mental Health Care System  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: Using Canadian survey data this research provides social workers in Canada with a better understanding of their role in the Canadian mental health care system. Methods: By analyzing data from the Canadian Community Health Survey, Cycle 1.2 Mental Health and Well-being, the role of social workers in the Canadian mental health system was…

Towns, Ashley M.; Schwartz, Karen

2012-01-01

157

Perceptions of mental health nurses and patients about health promotion in mental health care: a literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this review was to examine the perceptions of patients with mental disorders and mental health nurses of health promotion targeting physical activity and eating habits in mental health care. An electronic search strategy was conducted. Furthermore, references were searched by hand-searching the reference lists of the retrieved articles from the electronic databases. The literature on perceptions of health promotion and lifestyle interventions in mental health care principally consist of qualitative studies using interviews and focus groups. Positive perceptions of both mental health nurses and patients towards health promotion targeting physical activity and eating habits in mental health care were identified. Contrary, several barriers for integrating healthy lifestyles into the daily life of patients were described. Patients usually want to learn more about healthy lifestyles, but see the ability to change their physical health as beyond their control. In this sense, support from mental health nurses is considered as important. Despite the awareness of the importance of health promotion in mental health care, it appears that visions and attitudes towards the potential of health promotion are in need of change. PMID:21749554

Verhaeghe, N; De Maeseneer, J; Maes, L; Van Heeringen, C; Annemans, L

2011-08-01

158

Review of mobile health technology for military mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental health problems pose challenges for military veterans, returning service members, and military family members including spouses and children. Challenges to meeting mental health needs include improving access to care and improving quality of care. Mobile Health, or "mHealth," can help meet these needs in the garrison and civilian environments. mHealth brings unique capabilities to health care provision through the use of mobile device technologies. This report identifies high-priority mHealth technology development considerations in two categories. First, priority considerations specific to mental health care provision include safety, privacy, evidence-based practice, efficacy studies, and temperament. Second, priority considerations broadly applicable to mHealth include security, outcomes, ease of use, carrier compliance, hardware, provider perspectives, data volume, population, regulation, command policy, and reimbursement. Strategic planning for the advancement of these priority considerations should be coordinated with stated Department of Defense capability needs to maximize likelihood of adoption. This report also summarizes three leading, military programs focused on mHealth projects in mental health, The Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center, The Military Operational Medicine Research Program, United States Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, and The National Center for Telehealth and Technology. PMID:25102529

Shore, Jay H; Aldag, Matt; McVeigh, Francis L; Hoover, Ronald L; Ciulla, Robert; Fisher, Ashley

2014-08-01

159

Adult neurogenesis, mental health, and mental illness: hope or hype?  

Science.gov (United States)

Psychiatric and neurologic disorders take an enormous toll on society. Alleviating the devastating symptoms and consequences of neuropsychiatric disorders such as addiction, depression, epilepsy, and schizophrenia is a main force driving clinical and basic researchers alike. By elucidating these disease neuromechanisms, researchers hope to better define treatments and preventive therapies. Research suggests that regulation of adult hippocampal neurogenesis represents a promising approach to treating and perhaps preventing mental illness. Here we appraise the role of adult hippocampal neurogenesis in major psychiatric and neurologic disorders within the essential framework of recent progress made in understanding "normal" adult neurogenesis. Topics addressed include the following: the life cycle of an adult hippocampal stem cell and the implications for aging; links between learning and hippocampal neurogenesis; the reciprocal relationship between cocaine self-administration and adult hippocampal neurogenesis; the role of adult neurogenesis in an animal model of depression and response to antidepressant exposure; the impact of neonatal seizures on dentate gyrus neurogenesis; and the contribution of a schizophrenia-susceptibility gene to adult hippocampal neurogenesis. These topics are discussed in light of the regulation of adult neurogenesis, the relationship to normal neurogenesis in adulthood and aging, and, importantly, the manipulation of neurogenesis to promote mental health and treat mental illness. PMID:19005040

Eisch, Amelia J; Cameron, Heather A; Encinas, Juan M; Meltzer, Leslie A; Ming, Guo-Li; Overstreet-Wadiche, Linda S

2008-11-12

160

Tabaquismo y salud mental Tobacco smoking and mental health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Smoking continues to be one of the most important health burdens worldwide. Aim: To describe smoking habits and associated risk factors in the population of Santiago, Chile. Material and methods: A cross sectional study of a representative sample of the population, from 16 to 64 years old, residents of Santiago, Chile (total population: 3,237,286. A structured interview that included questions about use of tobacco, the CIS-R interviews, used for common mental disorders, were applied. Results: From the sample of 4,693 households, 3,870 people were interviewed (52.2% women, 47.8% men and 10% refused. Forty percent of the population currently smoked (52.5% men, 47.8% women. «Being a current smoker» was associated with being younger than 55, male sex, and having a common mental disorder. Discussion: Smoking is highly prevalent in Chile, as compared with developed countries and with some developing countries. Gender differences in use of tobacco have decreased. A higher risk of smoking for people with mental disorders is confirmed (Rev Méd Chile 2003; 131: 873-80

Graciela Rojas C

2003-08-01

 
 
 
 
161

Some Ruminations about Prison Mental Health Work.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes incidents involving mental health services in prison facilities that illustrate "Catch-22" situations, in many of which inmates perceive clinicians as people who "come to watch you drown instead of throwing you a rope." Proposes a supplementation of "administrative clinical" thinking with nonbureaucratic, collaborative efforts to assist…

Toch, Hans

1995-01-01

162

Mental Health Consultation in Early Childhood Classrooms  

Science.gov (United States)

Early childhood mental health consultation is a relationship-based intervention that promotes children's social and emotional development. Benefits include improved childhood behaviors, improved staff self-efficacy, and lowered parental stress. Child care center directors are more likely to be satisfied with consultation when they are involved in…

Bernzweig, Jane; Ramler, Malia; Alkon, Abbey

2009-01-01

163

Abortion and Mental Health: Evaluating the Evidence  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors evaluated empirical research addressing the relationship between induced abortion and women's mental health. Two issues were addressed: (a) the relative risks associated with abortion compared with the risks associated with its alternatives and (b) sources of variability in women's responses following abortion. This article reflects…

Major, Brenda; Appelbaum, Mark; Beckman, Linda; Dutton, Mary Ann; Russo, Nancy Felipe; West, Carolyn

2009-01-01

164

The educational challenge of mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper poses a series of fundamental educational challenges about mental health. First, it questions whether 'mental health' is a valid concept, in the light of debates over mind/body dualism. If the concept is valid, should the absence of mental health be seen as an illness, an adaptive strategy or simply a statistical eccentricity? Fulford's concept of 'failure of intentional action' is commended as a philosophical basis for unravelling these issues. Secondly, the paper considers whether diagnosis is a simple or complex process, and whether it can be an objective activity or one which involves a strong subjective element. The current and potential value of multiaxial classification systems are discussed. Thirdly, themes concerning mental health treatment are introduced, covering problems with consent and patient preference, the evidential basis of interventions, and the range and limitations of possible treatments. Finally, the paper reviews the educational processes needed to meet these challenges effectively. It recommends the development of multifaceted educational programmes, nurturing a spirit of critical enquiry and personal awareness and, above all, the recognition and toleration of the uncertainty and complexity which lie at the heart of successful medical practice. PMID:10886637

Dowrick, C

2000-07-01

165

Income Shocks and Adolescent Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

We investigate the effects of a positive income shock on mental health among adolescent girls using evidence from a cash transfer experiment in Malawi. Offers of cash transfers strongly reduced psychological distress among baseline schoolgirls. However, these large beneficial effects declined with increases in the transfer amount offered to the…

Baird, Sarah; de Hoop, Jacobus; Ozler, Berk

2013-01-01

166

Maori Identification, Drinking Motivation and Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

Research examining the relationships among Maori cultural identification, drinking behaviour, drinking motivation and mental health is almost non-existent. A review of literature suggests that stronger Maori identification could be associated with lower alcohol consumption on a typical occasion, less frequent drinking, drinking to enhance mood or…

Clarke, Dave; Ebbett, Erin

2010-01-01

167

Learning, changing and managing in mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper draws on research which considers the implications for practitioners and managers of implementing new ideas for practice gained from learning and education in mental health in the UK. Using a questionnaire survey followed by eight semi-structured interviews, the research set out to identify the issues facing workers trying to implement change in the workplace as a result of new learning gained from study of an Open University mental health course. The paper argues that much management literature on change within organisations is problematic in this specific context. This is largely because it takes insufficient account of the complexities surrounding work within social care (particularly mental health). Findings show that workers who have undertaken learning in mental health often feel disempowered and isolated when attempting to introduce new ideas for practice into the workplace. The first line manager operates at the intersection of practice and learning and has a key role in enabling and supporting staff through practice as well as service change and professional development. This paper locates the distance learning experience within a wider framework of student/practitioner support, and explores the role of the first line manager in supporting and enabling staff. PMID:11725583

Henderson, J

2001-11-01

168

Embracing performance measurement in mental health services  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Objectives Performance measurement (PM) is central to the current Irish health service policy. However, PM within the Irish mental health services has not been fully implemented. These services lack a national comprehensive suite of performance indicators (PIs). Those indicators that are measured do not tend to reflect the objectives of the managers and staff measuring them. To overcome these challenges, this article suggests a suite of measures and aims to provide a practical guide to PM for managers and staff.\\r\

Carrick, H

2013-05-24

169

[Community Health Agents' perceptions and practice in mental health].  

Science.gov (United States)

The objectives of this study are to identity the perceptions of community health agents regarding health and mental disorders, and to verify the preparation these agents receive to work in this field. This qualitative study was performed using semi-structured interviews for data collection and utilizing content analysis to interpret the data. Interviews were performed with 45 community health agents working in the Family Health Strategy, who reported to 21 basic health units in the city of Maringá, PR. Results show the prejudice that these workers have regarding mental disorders. They recognize the importance of working with the patient and the family but do not feel prepared to provide adequate care. Because they share the same social context and have a close experience with the community dynamics, we see them as important facilitators of mental healthcare. PMID:23223734

Waidman, Maria Angélica Pagliarini; da Costa, Bruna; Paiano, Marcelle

2012-10-01

170

Migration and mental health: Evidence from a natural experiment.  

Science.gov (United States)

People migrate to improve their well-being. Yet a large literature suggests that migration can be a stressful process, with potentially negative impacts on mental health. However, to truly understand the effect of migration one must compare the mental health of migrants to what their mental health would be had they stayed in their home country. The existing literature is not able to do this. New Zealand allows a quota of Tongans to immigrate each year with a random ballot used to choose amongst the excess number of applicants. Experimental estimates of the mental health effects of migration are obtained by comparing the mental health of migrants who were successful applicants in the random ballot to the mental health of those who applied to migrate under the quota, but whose names were not drawn. Migration is found to lead to improvements in mental health, particularly for women and those with poor mental health. PMID:19349087

Stillman, Steven; McKenzie, David; Gibson, John

2009-05-01

171

Mental health nursing and stress: maintaining balance.  

Science.gov (United States)

The recruitment and retention of mental health nurses within acute inpatient mental health facilities continues to be an ongoing issue. Literature and current research highlight an environment fraught with pressure and stress, identifying several key factors contributing to job dissatisfaction. These factors include greater patient acuity, unpredictable and challenging workspaces, violence, increased paperwork, and reduced managerial support. This qualitative, critical, feminist exploration investigated the lived experiences of 13 female mental health nurses working in inpatient services. They were asked about their practice and perceptions of workplace culture, and they shared their thoughts on stress management and professional well-being. Positive workplace practice was highlighted, and the participants revealed an environment they were proud to be a part of. Individual interviews, focus groups, and reflective practice were all used to collect data. The findings from the investigation unanimously support current literature that clearly confirms mental health nursing to be stressful. Interestingly, however, the findings also clearly identified that the way in which the nurse participants managed their stress was intrinsically linked to their job satisfaction. The major theme identified throughout the present study revealed that the female participants' ability to manage an at times complex workspace through the notions of teamwork, diversity, and creativity. All of the participants considered these elements as significant to providing a high standard in patient care. This research might provide an opportunity for others to view mental health nursing from a different perspective, and through the lived experiences of the participants, embrace the positive and rewarding aspects of the role. PMID:21371222

Ward, Louise

2011-04-01

172

DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS INFLUENCES ON MENTAL HEALTH OF COLLEGE STUDENTS  

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Students mental health is a public issues, public health policy makes at the international level, are very well concerned about this issue become of the increasing rate of suicide, among students their amenity, depression and involvement in high risk behavior .The aim of the study was to understand the influences of demographic variables on mental health of college students. The mental health scale (MHS) constructed and standardized by Kamlesh Sharma (2002) was used to measure the mental heal...

Ramanathan, G.; Venkatammal, P.

2013-01-01

173

Mental health care of Filipino Americans.  

Science.gov (United States)

Filipino Americans are the second-fastest-growing Asian immigrant group in the United States, following the Chinese. Yet there exists a dearth of information on mental health issues concerning Filipino Americans, who represent a diverse mixture of culture, beliefs, and practices and vary widely from other minorities as well as from the larger population. This group has experienced emotional and behavioral challenges in acclimatizing to Western culture. Their historical underpinnings, native core values, and traditions exert a crucial influence on their mental well-being. Filipino Americans underutilize existing mental health care services that are culturally, socially, and linguistically incompatible with their needs. Along with stigma, the adherence of traditional practices and healing methods remains a formidable barrier to the appropriate provision of care. The authors review factors influencing perceptions of mental health and illness, including religion, family, support systems, coping styles, and indigenous culture-bound traits. Recommendations for treatment consist of a structured, culturally sensitive, comprehensive approach that addresses the individual as well as the cultural milieu. PMID:17535941

Sanchez, Francis; Gaw, Albert

2007-06-01

174

[Unemployment and the mental health of youth.].  

Science.gov (United States)

Unemployment and joblessness are extremely disruptive among youth and the more they continue, the more they may cause deep troubles to the different aspects of the mental health of those same young people. In this article, first the effects of unemployment on the physical health of the young is treated, and the impact of unemployment on the decade of the thirties is compared with that of unemployment in the eighties. Then we look at the reactions to employment, the three stages crossed by adolescents in search of work and the attacks on the mental health of the young, that is : independence, the reaction of worry, the diffusion of identity, self esteem, guilt and shame, anxiety and fear, anger, depression ; the effect on family relations, the disruptions in the organization of free time, the rise in the rate of suicide, the growth in drug and alcohol consumption, and the rise in criminality. PMID:17093814

Plante, M C

1984-01-01

175

Common Mental Health Conditions in Primary Care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Common mental health problems particularly depression and anxiety are frequently found in primary care settings. Depression can range from mild to severe but even in less severe cases can cause problems with normal functioning. Anxiety regularly manifests itself with depression but anxiety disorders, of which there are several, are also likely to disrupt normal life. There are several treatments for these conditions both pharmacological and psychological. Severe mental illness (SMI, generally bipolar disorder and schizophrenia, is also managed by primary care health professionals therefore it is essential these professionals are aware of how these conditions may present and the current treatments available. Bipolar disorder, a serious mood disorder, is often under-diagnosed in primary care that has implications for the individual’s care and treatment. People with schizophrenia are often monitored by primary care health professionals although liaison and referral to secondary services is recommended for both these SMIs. A holistic recovery focused approach to care is recommended.

Fiona Carver

2013-10-01

176

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Sandro Galea is an NIMH funded researcher at New York City's Columbia University. Dr. Sandro Galea : So, the September ... health impact on people living in and around New York City. Dr. Sandro Galea : We found that in the ...

177

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... health impact on people living in and around New York City. Dr. Sandro Galea : We found that in the first few months after the attacks, about seven to nine percent of people had symptoms of post traumatic stress disorder and depression. And that the symptoms resolved ...

178

Juvenile Offenders with Mental Health Needs: Reducing Recidivism Using Wraparound  

Science.gov (United States)

The rate of youth with mental health needs is disproportionately high in juvenile justice. Wraparound planning involves families and providers in coordinating juvenile justice, mental health, and other services and supports. This study compares data from two groups of juvenile offenders with mental health problems: 106 youth in a juvenile justice…

Pullmann, Michael D.; Kerbs, Jodi; Koroloff, Nancy; Veach-White, Ernie; Gaylor, Rita; Sieler, Dede

2006-01-01

179

Aviation Disaster Intervention: A Mental Health Volunteer's Experience.  

Science.gov (United States)

The goals of this presentation were to help mental health professionals learn more about intervening in aviation disasters, learn about the uniqueness of disaster mental health, and share the presenter's mental health disaster experiences as they relate to aviation disasters. Survivors' emotional phases during the disaster recovery process are…

Tramonte, Michael R.

180

No Child Overlooked: Mental Health Triage in the Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental health problems among children in schools are on the increase. To exercise due diligence in their responsibility to monitor and promote mental health among our nation's children, school counselors may learn from triage systems employed in hospitals, clinics, and mental health centers. The School Counselor's Triage Model provides school…

Wilson, F. Robert; Tang, Mei; Schiller, Kelly; Sebera, Kerry

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

The Unmet Need for Mental Health Services among Probationers' Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores the unmet need for mental health services among children with parents on probation. A group of 77 probationers provided information on 170 children. Information about children's need for mental health services was based on the Child Behavior Checklist and information about children's receipt of mental health services was based…

Phillips, Susan D.; Venema, Rachel; Roque, Lorena

2010-01-01

182

Education in mental health promotion and its impact on the participants' attitudes and perceived mental health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Although the promotion of mental health (MHP through education and training is widely accepted, there is scarce evidence for its effectiveness in the literature from outcome studies worldwide. The present study aimed to assess the effect of a three-semester MHP educational program on the recipients' opinions towards mental illness and on their own self-assessed health. Methods Respondents were 78 attendees who completed the assessment battery at the first (baseline and the last session (end of the training course. They were primary care physicians or other professionals, or key community agents, working in the greater Athens area. The course consisted of 44 sessions (4 h each, over a 3-semester period, focusing on the principles and methods of mental health promotion, the main aspects of major psychiatric disorders, and on relevant to health skills. Assessment instruments included the Opinion about Mental Illness (OMI scale and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28. Results The mean scores of three OMI factors, that is, social discrimination, social restriction and social integration, and the two GHQ-28 subscales, that is, anxiety/insomnia and social dysfunction, were significantly improved by the end of the training course. Conclusions The results of this study provide evidence, with limitations, for the short-term effectiveness of the implemented educational MHP program on an adult group of recipients-key agents in their community. Because interventions for strengthening positive opinions about mental illness and enhancing self-assessed health constitute priority aims of mental health promotion, it would be beneficial to further investigate the sustainability of the observed positive changes. In addition it would be useful to examine (a the possible interplay between the two outcome measures, that is, the effect of opinions of recipients about mental health on their perceived health, and (b the applicability of this intervention in individuals with different sociodemographic profiles.

Tomaras Vlassis D

2011-12-01

183

Mental health service users' experiences of diabetes care by Mental Health Nurses: an exploratory study.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper is a report of a study exploring mental health service users' (MHSUs') experiences of diabetes care. Diabetes is a growing clinical concern in mental health nursing practice. However, little is known about MHSUs' experience of diabetes care. This is a descriptive qualitative study. Semi-structured telephone interviews were held between June and October 2011, with seven MHSUs who had diabetes. Participants reported experiences of stigma and diagnostic overshadowing (DO) when reporting symptoms of diabetes or when feeling unwell. Participants also encountered a split between their mental health and diabetes care needs, which resulted in a lack of holistic or integrated care. All participants mentioned experiencing complications of diabetes even to the extent of diabetic ketoacidosis. Mental health nurses (MHNs) must critically reflect on their attitudes towards service users that report physical symptoms to ensure that stigma and DO do not constitute barriers to appropriate screening and treatment. The complex relationship that exists between mental illness and diabetes requires MHNs to ensure physical and mental health care are wholly integrated and not split. Education needs are apparent so that symptoms and complications can be recognized and treated accordingly. PMID:24548452

Nash, M

2014-10-01

184

Mental health in a Canadian Old Order Mennonite community  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents the results of a 2010 survey exploring the determinants of rural mental health in two farming groups in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada: Old Order Mennonites (OOMs and non-OOM farmers. Comparing these two groups reduces the likely impact of many contextual features impacting both groups, such as local economic conditions. We explore a comprehensive list of health determinants to assess their relative importance and thus enable policy action to focus on those having the greatest impact. The mental component summary (MCS of the short- form health survey (SF-12 was used to measure mental health. We compare mental health in the two populations and use multiple regression to determine the relative importance of the determinants in explaining mental health. The results show that OOMs experience better mental health than non-OOMs, in part due to the strong mental health of OOM women. Coping, stress and social interaction shape mental health in both groups, reflecting the broader determinants literature and suggesting these are important across many populations with different life circumstances. Other determinants are important for one group but not the other, underscoring the diversity of rural populations. For example, different social capital measures shape mental health in the two groups, and sense-of-place is associated with mental health in only one group (OOMs. The results are discussed in terms of their implications for future health determinants research and policy action to address rural mental health.

K. Bruce Newbold

2013-03-01

185

Mental Illness and Mental Health: The Two Continua Model Across the Lifespan.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental health has long been defined as the absence of psychopathologies, such as depression and anxiety. The absence of mental illness, however, is a minimal outcome from a psychological perspective on lifespan development. This article therefore focuses on mental illness as well as on three core components of positive mental health: feelings of happiness and satisfaction with life (emotional well-being), positive individual functioning in terms of self-realization (psychological well-being), and positive societal functioning in terms of being of social value (social well-being). The two continua model holds that mental illness and mental health are related but distinct dimensions. This model was studied on the basis of a cross-sectional representative internet survey of Dutch adults (N = 1,340; 18-87 years). Mental illness was measured with the Brief Symptom Inventory and mental health with the Mental Health Continuum Short Form. It was found that older adults, except for the oldest-old, scored lower on psychopathological symptoms and were less likely to be mentally ill than younger adults. Although there were fewer age differences for mental health, older adults experienced more emotional, similar social and slightly lower psychological well-being. In sum, today's older adults have fewer mental illness problems, but they are not in a better positive mental health than today's younger adults. These findings support the validity of the two continua model in adult development. PMID:20502508

Westerhof, Gerben J; Keyes, Corey L M

2010-06-01

186

Immigrant Status, Mental Health Need, and Mental Health Service Utilization among High-Risk Hispanic and Asian Pacific Islander Youth  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined youth mental health service (MHS) use as a function of family immigrant status and type of mental health need (internalizing vs. externalizing). A sample of Hispanic and Asian/Pacific Islander families (youth ages 11-18; N = 457) involved with public sectors of care provided reports of youth mental health need during an initial…

Gudino, Omar G.; Lau, Anna S.; Hough, Richard L.

2008-01-01

187

Family Impact in Intellectual Disability, Severe Mental Health Disorders and Mental Health Disorders in ID. A Comparison  

Science.gov (United States)

Family impact (or family burden) is a concept born in the field of mental health that has successfully been exported to the ambit of intellectual disability (ID). However, differences in family impact associated with severe mental health disorders (schizophrenia), to ID or to mental health problems in ID should be expected. Seventy-two adults with…

Martorell, Almudena; Gutierrez-Recacha, Pedro; Irazabal, Marcia; Marsa, Ferran; Garcia, Mercedes

2011-01-01

188

Mental Health: Healing Deep Wounds from the Inside Out. Native Americans in the Health Professions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Interviews with Native American mental health and social workers discuss how Native mental health problems are related to historical trauma and chronically inadequate mental health services. Elements of culturally relevant mental health services include locally delivered workshops, kinship foster care, tribal elders, spirituality, and Native care…

Westberg, Jane

2000-01-01

189

National Institute of Mental Health: Publications  

Science.gov (United States)

For people who are living with a mental health condition, it can be most helpful to have access to high-quality and authoritative information. The National Institute of Mental Health provides such information on the publications area of their website, and visitors can make their way through fact sheets, booklets, and Spanish-language versions of these documents here. The topical fact sheets are quite good, and they include titles such as "Suicide in the U.S.: Statistics and Prevention" and "Depression: A Treatable Illness". Moving on, the "Booklets" area includes "Eating Disorders", "Depression", and ten other offerings. Finally, the right-hand side of the site includes news about recent research findings from the Institute.

190

Mental Health of Chinese Peacekeepers in Liberia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in english Background and Objectives: As part of UN peacekeeping operations in Liberia, China has sent a dozen of batches of peacekeeping force to Liberia for medical, engineering and transporting purposes from 2003 to 2012. This study aimed to explore the mental health of Chinese peacekeepers under the influe [...] nce of stressful and traumatic events in Liberia. Methods: A total of 440 Chinese peacekeepers were selected by cluster sampling and surveyed by Chinese Military Mental Health Scale (CMMHS) before, during and after peacekeeping deployment. Results: The total CMMHS score (48.90 ± 21.15), depression factor (7.25 ± 3.43), interpersonal sensitivity (4.20 ± 2.15) of Chinese peacekeepers were significantly higher than the Chinese military norm (23.04 ± 14.70, 2.47 ± 2.46, 3.95 ± 2.97 respectively) (p

Xin-yang, Sun; Lin, Zhao; Chun-xia, Chen; Xue-lian, Cui; Jian, Guo; Li-yi, Zhang.

191

Mental Health of Chinese Peacekeepers in Liberia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in english Background and Objectives: As part of UN peacekeeping operations in Liberia, China has sent a dozen of batches of peacekeeping force to Liberia for medical, engineering and transporting purposes from 2003 to 2012. This study aimed to explore the mental health of Chinese peacekeepers under the influe [...] nce of stressful and traumatic events in Liberia. Methods: A total of 440 Chinese peacekeepers were selected by cluster sampling and surveyed by Chinese Military Mental Health Scale (CMMHS) before, during and after peacekeeping deployment. Results: The total CMMHS score (48.90 ± 21.15), depression factor (7.25 ± 3.43), interpersonal sensitivity (4.20 ± 2.15) of Chinese peacekeepers were significantly higher than the Chinese military norm (23.04 ± 14.70, 2.47 ± 2.46, 3.95 ± 2.97 respectively) (p

Xin-yang, Sun; Lin, Zhao; Chun-xia, Chen; Xue-lian, Cui; Jian, Guo; Li-yi, Zhang.

2014-06-01

192

Mental health nurses in primary care: quantitative outcomes of the Mental Health Nurse Incentive Program.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Mental Health Nurse Incentive Program (MHNIP) is a funding scheme in Australia that enables mental health nurses to work in primary care settings with people with complex mental health problems for as long as necessary. This study examined the outcomes of the programme as reported by nurses. Nurses provided profiles of 64 people with whom they worked, including measures of symptoms and problems on admission to the programme and at a second point in time. The findings showed that people had high levels of symptom severity and distress on admission, and they experienced significant improvements in all problem areas except physical health over their time working with the nurse. The MHNIP appears to be addressing the needs of people with highly complex needs, but more sensitive measures of outcome ought to be routinely collected. The Mental Health Nurse Incentive Program (MHNIP) provides a funding mechanism for credentialed mental health nurses to work in primary care settings in Australia with people with complex and serious psychosocial and mental health problems. This project explored the extent to which the programme contributed to positive outcomes. Sixty-four service user profiles were provided by nurses working within the programme, including the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS), on admission and at the last review point. Mean total HoNOS scores on admission were higher than those typically seen on admission to inpatient care in Australia. Significant reductions in all problem areas except physical health problems were found at the last review point for this sample. These findings support the viewpoint that MHNIP is addressing the needs of people with the most complex needs in primary care and is achieving clinically significant outcomes. PMID:23701440

Lakeman, R; Bradbury, J

2014-05-01

193

The treatment gap in mental health care.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Mental disorders are highly prevalent and cause considerable suffering and disease burden. To compound this public health problem, many individuals with psychiatric disorders remain untreated although effective treatments exist. We examine the extent of this treatment gap. We reviewed community-based psychiatric epidemiology studies that used standardized diagnostic instruments and included data on the percentage of individuals receiving care for schizophrenia and other non-affective psychoti...

Kohn, Robert; Saxena, Shekhar; Levav, Itzhak; Saraceno, Benedetto

2004-01-01

194

Mental health consumers and employment opportunities  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Mental health consumers experience significantly high rates of unemployment compared with the general population. A qualitative study was conducted to identify the key barriers hindering employment opportunities. Evidence from this research suggests many barriers to employment, including stigma, lack of social support networks, low-levels of educational attainment and vocational experience, lack of meaningful employment opportunities, lack of vocational training and overall lack of awareness ...

Kang, Daljit

2005-01-01

195

The issue of mental health in occupational health surveillance.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper addresses the issue of mental health in the Occupational Health Surveillance (VISAT) context. It seeks to present theoretical aspects and institutional policies contributing to the incorporation of mental health dimensions into the VISAT process, in view of the pressing need to attend to this demand that is becoming increasingly important in the occupational health area, especially within the scope of the National Comprehensive Occupational Healthcare Network (RENAST). Some theoretical approaches and practical experiences in mental health and work are systematically presented and discussed in this essay. A survey is also conducted of potential strategies to integrate mental health into VISAT actions. It is our view that the origins of illnesses and ensuing harm are closely linked to the elements involved in work organization and management. Consequently, surveillance practices should include and identify generating components of these negative aspects. The diversity of illnesses caused by work processes and conditions calls for major investment to ascertain and change the situations that give rise to such illnesses. PMID:25388173

Leão, Luís Henrique da Costa; Gomez, Carlos Minayo

2014-12-01

196

Creating a simulated mental health ward: lessons learned.  

Science.gov (United States)

The future of psychiatric-mental health nursing depends on the preparation of nurses who will meet the mental health care needs of society. The current article discusses the development of the "Mental Health Ward," a simulated mental health experience that was offered for the first time to undergraduate baccalaureate nursing students at a Midwestern university in the United States. The Mental Health Ward is an innovative simulated hospital environment that includes the use of standardized patients and role play scenarios, resulting in a full mission simulation whereby students learn various psychiatric diagnoses and practice various pertinent skills, including nursing assessments, admission and discharge processes, medication administration, and therapeutic communication. Lessons learned by faculty and students in formulating the Mental Health Ward are presented. [Journal of Psychosocial and Mental Health Nursing, 52 (10), 52-58.]. PMID:25207558

Rossetti, Jeanette; Musker, Kathleen; Smyth, Siobhan; Byrne, Evelyn; Maney, Catherine; Selig, Kristen; Jones-Bendel, Trish

2014-10-01

197

Child disaster mental health interventions: therapy components.  

Science.gov (United States)

Children face innumerable challenges following exposure to disasters. To address trauma sequelae, researchers and clinicians have developed a variety of mental health interventions. While the overall effectiveness of multiple interventions has been examined, few studies have focused on the individual components of these interventions. As a preliminary step to advancing intervention development and research, this literature review identifies and describes nine common components that comprise child disaster mental health interventions. This review concluded that future research should clearly define the constituent components included in available interventions. This will require that future studies dismantle interventions to examine the effectiveness of specific components and identify common therapeutic elements. Issues related to populations studied (eg, disaster exposure, demographic and cultural influences) and to intervention delivery (eg, timing and optimal sequencing of components) also warrant attention. Pfefferbaum B , Sweeton JL , Nitiéma P , Noffsinger MA , Varma V , Nelson SD , Newman E . Child disaster mental health interventions: therapy components. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2014;29(5):1-9. PMID:25225954

Pfefferbaum, Betty; Sweeton, Jennifer L; Nitiéma, Pascal; Noffsinger, Mary A; Varma, Vandana; Nelson, Summer D; Newman, Elana

2014-10-01

198

Coping focus counselling in mental health nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this paper was to describe a newly-developed system of mental health nurse counselling (coping focus counselling (CFC)) for people with serious and complex mental health needs. The system is based on the recovery alliance theory (RAT) of mental health nursing. The paper identifies shortcomings in current practices in psychotherapy and counselling in the exclusive use of techniques from a single approach, for example, cognitive behaviour therapy, client-centred therapy, attachment theory, or Gestalt theory. It also discusses the opposite dangers of the use of many techniques from different approaches, without a clear rationale for their selection. CFC was developed to avoid these practices. It accommodates the selective use of techniques from different approaches. Techniques selected are viewed as deriving their meanings from the theoretical framework into which they are assimilated, namely RAT, and no longer take the same meaning from the theory from which they originated. Central to this integrative process is the use of the concept of coping. Other distinguishing features of CFC are the use of everyday language in using the system and the reaffirmation of the nurse-client relationship within a working alliance as the basis in which the CFC operates. PMID:22640173

Shanley, Eamon; Jubb-Shanley, Maureen

2012-12-01

199

Drought as a mental health exposure.  

Science.gov (United States)

The mental health impact of drought is poorly quantified and no previous research has demonstrated a relationship between distress and explicit environmentally based measures of drought. With continuing climate change, it is important to understand what drought is and how it may affect the mental health. We quantified drought in terms of duration and intensity of relative dryness and identified drought characteristics associated with poor mental health to evaluate any vulnerability in rural and urban communities. Our methods involved analysis of 100-year longitudinal records of monthly rainfall linked to one wave (2007-2008) of the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey. Cluster analysis was used to characterise different patterns of dryness and linear regression analysis was used to examine associations with participant distress, as well as the moderating role of rural locality. The results showed that, during a seven-year period of major and widespread drought, one pattern of relative dryness (extreme cumulative number of months in drought culminating in a recent period of dryness lasting a year or more) was associated with increased distress for rural but not urban dwellers. The increase in distress was estimated to be 6.22%, based on 95% confidence intervals. Thus, we show that it is possible to quantitatively identify an association between patterns of drought and distress. PMID:24727641

OBrien, L V; Berry, H L; Coleman, C; Hanigan, I C

2014-05-01

200

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration  

Science.gov (United States)

Congress established the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) in 1992 to "target effectively substance abuse and mental health services to the people most in need." SAMHSA also administers a number of block grant programs and data collection activities. On their homepage, visitors can get started by clicking on the "Data" link at the top of the page and reading through the "What We Are Doing" section. Here interested parties will find highlights of recent reports, state-level data on these topics, and a series of mental health statistics reports. The top of their homepage contains additional sections of interest, including "Grants", "Publications", "Data", and "Newsroom". Visitors should also take a look at the "Featured Resource", which is also on the homepage. In addition, many of the site's materials are available in Spanish. Visitors can follow SAMHSA on various social networks including Facebook YouTube, and Twitter, and they can also sign up for their mailing list if they wish to keep up with this valuable organization.

 
 
 
 
201

Determinants of mental health service use in the national mental health survey of the elderly in Singapore  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite high prevalence of mental health problems, only a minority of elderly people seek treatment. Although need-for-care factors are primary determinants of mental health service use, personal predisposing or enabling factors including health beliefs are important but are not well studied. Method In the National Mental Health Survey of Elderly in Singapore, 2003, 1092 older adults aged 60 and above were interviewed for diagnosis of mental disorders (using Geriatric Mental State and treatment, and their health beliefs about the curability of mental illness, embarrassment and stigma, easiness discussing mental problems, effectiveness and safety of treatment and trust in professionals. Results The prevalence of mental disorders was 13%, but only a third of mentally ill respondents had sought treatment. Increased likelihood of seeking treatment was significantly associated with the presence of a mental disorder (OR = 5.27, disability from mental illness (OR = 79.9, and poor or fair self-rated mental health (OR = 2.63, female gender (OR = 2.25, and formal education (OR = 2.40. The likelihood of treatment seeking was lower in those reporting financial limitations for medical care (OR = 0.38, but also higher household income (OR = 0.31. Negative beliefs showed no meaningful associations, but the positive belief that 'to a great extent mental illness can be cured' was associated with increased mental health service use (OR = 6.89. The availability of family caregiver showed a negative association (OR = 0.20. Conclusion The determinants of mental health service use in the elderly included primary need factors, and female gender and socioeconomic factors. There was little evidence of influences by negative health beliefs, but a positive health belief that 'mental illness can be cured' is a strongly positive determinant The influence of family members and care-givers on senior's use of mental health service should be further explored.

Kua Ee

2009-01-01

202

Community mental health in India: A rethink  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Community care of the chronic mentally ill has always been prevalent in India, largely due to family involvement and unavailability of institutions. In the 80s, a few mental health clinics became operational in some parts of the country. The Schizophrenia Research Foundation (SCARF), an NGO in Chennai had established a community clinic in 1989 in Thiruporur, which was functional till 1999. During this period various programmes such as training of the primary health center staff, setting up a referral system, setting up of a Citizen's Group, and self-employment schemes were initiated. It was decided to begin a follow up in 2005 to determine the present status of the schemes as well as the current status of the patients registered at the clinic. This we believed would lead to pointers to help evolve future community based programmes. Methods One hundred and eighty five patients with chronic mental illness were followed up and their present treatment status determined using a modified version of the Psychiatric and Personal History Schedule (PPHS). The resources created earlier were assessed and qualitative information was gathered during interviews with patient and families and other stakeholders to identify the reasons behind the sustenance or failure of these initiatives. Results Of the 185 patients followed up, 15% had continued treatment, 35% had stopped treatment, 21% had died, 12% had wandered away from home and 17% were untraceable. Of the patients who had discontinued treatment 25% were asymptomatic while 75% were acutely psychotic. The referral service was used by only 15% of the patients and mental health services provided by the PHC stopped within a year. The Citizen's group was functional for only a year and apart from chicken rearing, all other self-employment schemes were discontinued within a period of 6 months to 3 years. There were multiple factors contributing to the failure, the primary reasons being the limited access and associated expenses entailed in seeking treatment, inadequate knowledge about the illness, lack of support from the family and community and continued dependence by the family on the service provider to provide solutions. Conclusion Community based initiatives in the management of mental disorders however well intentioned will not be sustainable unless the family and the community are involved in the intervention program with support being provided regularly by mental health professionals. PMID:18625047

Thara, Rangawsamy; Padmavati, Ramachandran; Aynkran, Jothy R; John, Sujit

2008-01-01

203

A Logic Model for the Integration of Mental Health Into Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Mental illnesses such as depression or anxiety affect an individual’s ability to undertake health-promoting behaviors. Chronic diseases can have a profound impact on an individual’s mental health; in turn, mental health status affects an individual’s ability to participate in treatment and recovery. A group of mental health and public health professionals convened to develop a logic model for addressing mental health as it relates to chronic disease prevention and health promotion. The model provides details on inputs, activities, and desired outcomes, and the designers of the model welcome input from other mental health and public health practitioners.

James Lando, MD, MPH

2006-03-01

204

Grupos de saúde mental na atenção primária à saúde / Mental health groups in primary health care  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa, do tipo pesquisa-intervenção, realizada em duas equipes de Atenção Primária à Saúde que objetivou analisar as práticas de cuidado desenvolvidas nos grupos de saúde mental e a sua correspondência com os processos de desinstitucionalização da loucura, inscritos na [...] reforma psiquiátrica brasileira. Utilizou como métodos de investigação: intervenções nos grupos de saúde mental, entrevistas semiestruturadas, oficinas com os profissionais das equipes e diário de campo. Os resultados apontaram para uma compreensão do grupo de saúde mental como dispositivo desinstitucionalizante quando este se constitui em um espaço de cuidado psicossocial, utiliza-se da rede de saúde, dos recursos do território, da ampliação dos laços sociais e permite aos participantes perceberem-se sujeitos protagonistas de suas vidas. Também indicaram a coexistência dos modos de atenção asilar e psicossocial nas práticas dos profissionais. Como estratégias para o fortalecimento da atenção psicossocial foram indicadas a educação permanente e as trocas multiprofissionais. Abstract in english This is a qualitative intervention-research carried out in two teams of Primary Health Care which aimed to analyze the practices of care developed by mental health groups, as well as their correlation with the process of deinstitutionalization of madness embedded in the Brazilian psychiatric reform. [...] The research used the following as investigation methods: interventions in the mental health groups, semi-structured interviews, workshops with professionals from the mental health groups and daily field reports. The results led to the understanding of the mental health groups as deinstitutionalizing devices, when they provide psychosocial care, use the health network and the territorial resources, foster the expansion of social ties and allow participants to be recognized as protagonists of their own lives. The outcomes also indicated the coexistence of the forms of sheltering and psychosocial care in professionals’ practices. Continuing education and multidisciplinary exchanges were pointed out as strategies to strengthen psychosocial care.

Fabiane, Minozzo; Christiane Silveira, Kammzetser; Cinara, Debastiani; Cláudia Sedano, Fait; Simone Mainieri, Paulon.

2012-08-01

205

Symposium on Economic Change, Scarcity and Mental Health Administration.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses challenges to the mental health field as a result of severe economic change. The six articles deal with reindustrialization, the effect of the labor market on mental hospital and prison use, retrenchment strategies, mental health problems in energy boomtowns, and economic issues of public policy. (JAC)

Feldman, Saul, ed.

1983-01-01

206

An Interdisciplinary Mental Health Consultation Team in a Nursing Home.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the Mental Health Consultation Team at the Portland Veterans Affairs Medical Center nursing home. The team is an interdisciplinary group of mental health professionals and primary care providers. Cooperation among these professionals has decreased the demands for formal psychiatry and psychology consultations while increasing mental

Joseph, Carol; And Others

1995-01-01

207

Metal music and mental health in France.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although numerous authors have associated metal music with social problems such as suicide, self-destruction and Satanism, few studies have been undertaken to examine the mental health of fans of heavy metal music. This study attempts to determine if there is a link between mental health and the enjoyment of this type of music in France. The researchers surveyed 333 fans of metal music. Their mental health was evaluated by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), a widely used instrument that measures anxiety and depression. The scores of the sample of metal music fans were then compared to the scores that reveal possible, probable, or severe mental disorders. Qualifying variables included age, gender, status, education, motivation and participation in metal music culture. The results indicated that fans of metal music are mainly young adults (median age = 22.67, SD = 5.29) and tend to be male (87.85 percent). As a whole, metal music fans have levels of anxiety and depression that are similar to and lower than levels in the general population. Specifically, music fans surveyed showed pathological symptoms. Subjects that scored higher levels of anxiety and depression were those that had literary and/or arts backgrounds rather than scientific backgrounds, that wrote metal music lyrics, that consumed alcohol and that engaged in the body modification practice of scarification. This study suggests that opponents of metal music should re-examine the basis for their criticism. More scholarly research is needed to better understand the effects of metal music on fans and on society. PMID:19521752

Recours, Robin; Aussaguel, François; Trujillo, Nick

2009-09-01

208

Community factors supporting child mental Health.  

Science.gov (United States)

A principal purpose of this article has been to examine the gap between research and practice in relation to community factors in child mental health. Two caveats were introduced in preparation for this assessment. First, it was pointed out that the definition of communities has been expanded by considering the organizing properties of social aggregates that are not simply a function of the race, ethnicity, or social class of individuals who compose them. Having these definitions grounded in theory substantially advances the needs of research and the design and goals of community-level interventions. The second caveat relates to the boundaries of the disciplines that cater to the needs of children. During the same era when child psychiatry is largely occupied with placing psychotropic medications at the center of clinical approaches, there is an important effort in child psychology and sociology to cut across their disciplinary confines to form more comprehensive designs that are sensitive to experiences and circumstances that emerge from specific aspects of community context. Research from the PHDCN was used as an example of this new interdisciplinary approach. Several community-based research projects were selected for review based on their clear implications to improve context-sensitive assessment of child mental health and design effective community-based interventions to improve child mental health. The Healthy Start and CATCH programs indicate that involving child professionals at the grassroots of community life requires skill and patience but that the effort is satisfying and potentially effective. Other examples, exemplified by North Carolina's Smart Start initiative and the program of developmental assets from the Search Institute, demonstrate coherent approaches that provide a foundation for long-term capacity building in assessment, local decision making, and the design and evaluation of interventions. Three conclusions are warranted from this discussion. The first conclusion suggests that research in child development generally, and child mental health specifically, does not incorporate the social ecology of the child is seriously flawed. There is a broad recognition within most sectors of society that the quality of civic engagement is of critical importance to community efforts to improve the health and well-being of children. This is true for all communities and families, regardless of their levels of material wealth and educational achievement. It is also well understood that poverty undermines the well-being and life chances of children. For this reason, the third conclusion requires that intensive, sustained efforts be made to eradicate poverty and reverse the current economic trend toward growing economic disparity. The implications of this knowledge for the practice of child psychiatry are not new ones. In many ways, they advocate for a re-examination of the historical roots of the field as it defined approaches to juvenile justice, school counseling, and early intellectual enrichment for economically disadvantaged preschool children. All these efforts were sensitive to children's social environment, and child psychiatrists viewed their success in taking on the challenges of changing schools, courts, and community and family environments. These challenges hardly have been overcome. The requirements of understanding and evaluating community supports for children are a fundamental component in the training and practice of child psychiatry. To quote the U.S. Surgeon General in a preamble to the recent Report on Child Mental Health: One way to ensure that our health system meets children's mental health needs is to move toward a community based health system that balances health promotion, disease prevention, early detection and universal access. PMID:11588798

Earls, F

2001-10-01

209

Salud mental versus inestabilidad laboral / Work instability versus mental health  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente trabajo forma parte de una investigación sobre orientación y empleo en La Plata , Pcia. de Bs. As. (Argentina), llevada a cabo en forma conjunta con las cátedras de Psicología Preventiva y Orientación Vocacional, de la Carrera de Psicología de la Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Esta in [...] vestigación se apoya en cuatro ejes: Educación-Trabajo-Políticas Sociales y Salud. Esta presentación estará referida al eje salud, que carece de servicios de ubicación y empleo y que actualmente viene desarrollando algunas experiencias de orientación vocacional no sistemáticas desde los servicios de Adolescencia y Salud Mental. La investigación advierte la existencia de nuevas demandas de tratamiento psicológico de una población ("los nuevos pobres") que teme perder el empleo o que está desempleada y que antes no concurría a los hospitales públicos. En la casuística estudiada aparecen con mayores complejidades psicosomáticas las personas que temen perder el empleo. Se realiza el análisis en la población local y se lo relaciona con diferentes investigaciones nacionales e internacionales. Abstract in english This contribution is part of a research on guidance and employment in La Plata , province of Buenos Aires (Argentina) undertaken jointly by the Chairs of Preventive Psychology and Vocational Guidance, both pertaining to the course of studies for Psychology at the National University of La Plata. Thi [...] s research is based on four axes, namely, education-work-social policies-health. This paper shall focus around the health axis, which is not provided with placement and employment services. Some unsystematical guidance experiences from the services of Adolescence and Mental Health are currently under way in the area. Research points to the existence of new demands of psychological treatment from a population ("the new poor") afraid of losing their jobs -or even unemployed- who was not in the habit of going to the public hospital. In the casuistry explored here, people afraid of losing their jobs present more psychosomatic complexities. Local population is also analysed and the said analysis is linked with several national and international research projects.

Mirta, Gavilán; Karina, Ferrer; Rosana, Ibarra.

210

Neglected tropical diseases and mental health: a perspective on comorbidity.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental health conditions will be the largest contributor to the global health burden by 2030. Our review suggests that neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) predispose individuals to poor mental health. Factors predisposing to poor mental health include stigma and discrimination, exclusion from participating fully in society, reduced access to health and social services, lack of educational opportunities, exclusion from income-generation and employment opportunities, and restrictions in exercising civil and political rights. These characteristics are all features of NTDs, but the mental health of these sufferers has been ignored. This review raises an issue of concern and highlights the opportunities for research by psychiatrists and psychologists on NTDs. PMID:22475459

Litt, Elizabeth; Baker, Margaret C; Molyneux, David

2012-05-01

211

A Review of Deafness and Mental Health: A Developmental Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

Evaluated is the effect of deafness on healthy mental development based on Erikson's eight stages of man, and reported is a survey of the mental health status of students at the California School for the Deaf. (DB)

Best, Patrick K.

1973-01-01

212

Mental Health Stigma: Where do We Stand?  

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Full Text Available Mental illness stigma has been the focus of increasing attention in the past few years, with an exponential increase in scientific publications on the subject. This phenomenon is a source of suffering for the patient undermining the achievement of personal goals and full social integration. In this article, the authors present a selective review of the literature on mental illness stigma, going through its definition, origins, repercussions, patients’ subjective experiences and strategies to challenge stigma. The literature presents stigma as being a complex phenomenon, whose definitions derive from different epis- temological roots (sociology, psychology and psychiatry. Its impact on the lives of people with a mental illness is well acknowledged and seems to translate into decreased opportunities, loss of self-esteem and self-concept, decreased quality of life, social support and empowerment, thus limiting the adoption or performance of regular social roles. Stigma has also been shown to compromise access to health care, not only psychiatric treatment but also general medical care, thus increasing the morbidity and mortality in this vulnerable population. A considerable amount of effort has been put into the comprehension of this phenomenon and to designing strategies for fighting stigma, which also include promoting health-care professionals’ awareness of the topic in order to improve clinical practice and global quality of care.

Salomé Xavier

2014-06-01

213

Global mental health: perspectives from Ethiopia  

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Full Text Available Background: Global mental health (GMH advocates for access to and the equitable provision of mental health care. Although the treatment gap is a useful construct to measure access and equitability of care, it fails to communicate the real-life consequences of the treatment gap and the urgent need to address care disparities. Objective: The aim of this article is to present a perspective on the practical application of the principles of GMH to understand the real-life impact of the treatment gap and the approaches taken to improve treatment coverage in Ethiopia. Design: A case study method is used. Results: Multiple international collaborations undertaken in Ethiopia and facilitated by GMH to improve care, capacity, and the evidence base for increased treatment coverage are described briefly. A series of steps taken at the local and national levels to address the treatment gap are highlighted. The stories of two patients are also presented to illustrate the real-life consequences of the treatment gap and the potential transformational impact of addressing the treatment gap on patients, families, and communities. Conclusions: GMH has a key role to play in addressing the treatment gap, which improves the life of people with mental disorders, their families, and their communities. However, national-level policy support and coordination are essential for any realistic improvement in treatment coverage. The reflections offered through the case examples may have utility in similar low-income settings.

Abebaw Fekadu

2014-09-01

214

Negative emotions impact on mental physical health  

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Full Text Available Fear, sadness, anger and disgust are considered affective states, that when they become frequent and intense, adversely affect the quality of life. Consequently, negative emotions are regarded as one of the key risk factors in physical and mental illness. Firstly, this article aims to define precisely concepts and key features of each emotion. The second objective of this paper is to show a synthesis of scientific findings supporting the influence of emotional factors, especially classic negative emotions in the process of health and disease. These psychophysiological phenomena have been associated with mental and physical illness as influencing variables in its initiation, development and maintenance. Therefore, the paper reviews some of the links between these four negative emotions and mental disorders. It also reviews the evidence supporting the influence of negative emotions in the development of risk behaviors to physical health. Finally, we describe some data supporting the impact of psychophysiological activation of emotions in organic systems, such as, for instance, immunity, tumor processes and so on

Oblitas, Luis Armando

2009-12-01

215

Mental Health, Binge Drinking, and Antihypertension Medication Adherence  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives: To evaluate the relationship between self-reported mental health and binge drinking, as well as health status, sociodemographic, social support, economic resource, and health care access indicators to antihypertension medication adherence. Method: Analysis of 2003 California Health Interview Survey data. Results: Having poor mental

Banta, Jim E.; Haskard, Kelly B.; Haviland, Mark G.; Williams, Summer L.; Werner, Leonard S.; Anderson, Donald L.; DiMatteo, M. Robin

2009-01-01

216

Mental disorders, health inequalities and ethics: A global perspective  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The global burden of neuropsychiatry diseases and related mental health conditions is enormous, underappreciated and under resourced, particularly in the developing nations. The absence of adequate and quality mental health infrastructure and workforce is increasingly recognized. The ethical implications of inequalities in mental health for people and nations are profound and must be addressed in efforts to fulfil key bioethics principles of medicine and public health: respect for individuals...

Ngui, Emmanuel M.; Khasakhala, Lincoln; Ndetei, David; Roberts, Laura Weiss

2010-01-01

217

Mental health services in rural India: challenges and prospects  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Mental health services in India are neglected area which needs immediate attention from the government, policymakers, and civil society organizations. Despite, National Mental Health Programme since 1982 and National Rural Health Mission, there has been a very little effort so far to provide mental health services in rural areas. With increase in population, changing life-style, unemployment, lack of social support and increasing insecurity, it is predicted that there would be a substantial i...

Anant Kumar

2011-01-01

218

Online social networking and mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract During the past decade, online social networking has caused profound changes in the way people communicate and interact. It is unclear, however, whether some of these changes may affect certain normal aspects of human behavior and cause psychiatric disorders. Several studies have indicated that the prolonged use of social networking sites (SNS), such as Facebook, may be related to signs and symptoms of depression. In addition, some authors have indicated that certain SNS activities might be associated with low self-esteem, especially in children and adolescents. Other studies have presented opposite results in terms of positive impact of social networking on self-esteem. The relationship between SNS use and mental problems to this day remains controversial, and research on this issue is faced with numerous challenges. This concise review focuses on the recent findings regarding the suggested connection between SNS and mental health issues such as depressive symptoms, changes in self-esteem, and Internet addiction. PMID:25192305

Pantic, Igor

2014-10-01

219

Postpartum Mental Health among Young Women  

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Full Text Available Background: A number of studies have highlighted the physical health problems associated with adolescent pregnancy in Saudi Arabia , However there were few studies dealing with the postpartum psychiatric disorders .The study aims to determine the prevalence of postpartum psychological distress and to evaluate the associated risk factors in a sample of primigravid young women in Al Ahsa region, Saudi Arabia. Methods: We assessed the prevalence of postnatal mental health in 190 young mothers attending the maternity hospital using general health questionnaire. We also assessed the relationship between socio-demographic, psychiatric and obstetric risk factors and the mental health. Results: The percent of women with psychological distress was 35.2%. Significant risk of psychological distress was associated with several socio-demographic, psychiatric and obstetric risk factors. Only four items were found to be significant predictors of postpartum psychological distress; low family income, poor husband support, birth of female baby and gestational diabetes. Conclusions: These results highlighted importance of screening for psychological distress and its associated risk factors in the implementation of proper perinatal care for the pregnant Saudi adolescents.

Amr MA

2012-01-01

220

Mapas mentales y servicios de inteligencia empresarial / Mental mapping and business intelligence services  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se exponen los fundamentos y resultados de la aplicación técnica de mapas mentales en ejercicios grupales para el diseño de servicios de inteligencia empresarial, ejecutados estos por profesionales de la consultoría. Se describen y fundamentan las ventajas del uso de los mapas para desarrollar el tr [...] abajo grupal como herramientas que estimulan la participación e interacción entre sus miembros. Se describe el universo cosmológico de los mapas mentales, enfoques neurológicos y físicos, ventajas, beneficios y algoritmos de ejecución. Se presentan ejemplos de casos específicos, siempre orientados a servicios de inteligencia empresarial. Abstract in english An exposition is made of the bases and results of the application of mental map techniques in group exercises for the design of business intelligence services, executed by professional consultants. The advantages of the use of maps to develop group work as tools that stimulate the participation and [...] interaction among their members are described and supported. The cosmologic universe of mental maps is described from physical and neurological points of view, as well as its advantages, benefits and execution algorithms. Examples of specific cases are presented, always oriented to business intelligence services.

Ramón Antonio, Rodríguez Piña; Anays, Mas Basnuevo; Migdely, Ochoa Ávila; Yovanni, Quevedo Aballe.

 
 
 
 
221

Mapas mentales y servicios de inteligencia empresarial Mental mapping and business intelligence services  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se exponen los fundamentos y resultados de la aplicación técnica de mapas mentales en ejercicios grupales para el diseño de servicios de inteligencia empresarial, ejecutados estos por profesionales de la consultoría. Se describen y fundamentan las ventajas del uso de los mapas para desarrollar el trabajo grupal como herramientas que estimulan la participación e interacción entre sus miembros. Se describe el universo cosmológico de los mapas mentales, enfoques neurológicos y físicos, ventajas, beneficios y algoritmos de ejecución. Se presentan ejemplos de casos específicos, siempre orientados a servicios de inteligencia empresarial.An exposition is made of the bases and results of the application of mental map techniques in group exercises for the design of business intelligence services, executed by professional consultants. The advantages of the use of maps to develop group work as tools that stimulate the participation and interaction among their members are described and supported. The cosmologic universe of mental maps is described from physical and neurological points of view, as well as its advantages, benefits and execution algorithms. Examples of specific cases are presented, always oriented to business intelligence services.

Ramón Antonio Rodríguez Piña

2008-06-01

222

Research utilization among children's mental health providers  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Children with emotional and behavioural disorders should be able to count on receiving care that meets their needs and is based on the best scientific evidence available, however, many do not receive these services. Implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP relies, in part, on the research utilization practices of mental health care providers. This study reports on a survey of research utilization practices among 80 children's mental health (CMH service provider organizations in Ontario, Canada. Methods A web-based survey was distributed to 80 CMH service provider organizations, to which 51 executive directors and 483 children's mental health practitioners responded. Research utilization was assessed using questions with Likert-type responses based on the Canadian Health Services Research Foundation's Four-A's approach: access, assess, adapt, apply. Results There was general agreement among executive directors and practitioners regarding the capacity of their organizations to use – access, assess, adapt, and apply – research evidence. Overall, both groups rated their organizations as using research information 'somewhat well.' The low response rate to the practitioner survey should be noted. Conclusion These findings provide a useful benchmark from which changes in reported research utilization in the Ontario CMH sector can be tracked over time, as a function of EBP training and implementation initiatives, for instance. The need to improve access to research evidence should be addressed because it relates to the eventual implementation and uptake of evidence-based practices. Communities of practice are recommended as a strategy that would enable practitioners to build capacity in their adaptation and application of research evidence.

Ferguson H Bruce

2008-04-01

223

Promotion of mental health in children of parents with a mental disorder  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: English Abstract in english Mental disorders are associated with many difficulties in the activities of daily living, work, relationships and family, and they determine high social and economic costs that represent an important public health problem. The literature has shown that children of parents with mental disorders grow [...] up in environments that are potentially harmful to their mental health and are at risk of neglect and maltreatment. Interventions to prevent mental disorders and psychological symptoms of children of parents with mental disorders are effective but supporting these families is a complex task which requires both cooperation between departments and an interdisciplinary knowledge. A greater knowledge of the responses provided to assist families with dependent children and a mentally ill parent, could stimulate reflections on critical issues and government actions aimed at promoting and protecting the mental health of children.

Maria Cristina, Verrocchio; Alessandra, Ambrosini; Mario, Fulcheri.

2013-12-01

224

Religiousness and mental health: a review Religiosidade e saúde mental: uma revisão  

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OBJECTIVE: The relationship between religiosity and mental health has been a perennial source of controversy. This paper reviews the scientific evidence available for the relationship between religion and mental health. METHOD: The authors present the main studies and conclusions of a larger systematic review of 850 studies on the religion-mental health relationship published during the 20th Century identified through several databases. The present paper also includes an update on the papers ...

Alexander Moreira-Almeida; Francisco Lotufo Neto; Koenig, Harold G.

2006-01-01

225

Public Policy and Mental Illnesses: Jimmy Carter's Presidential Commission on Mental Health  

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President Jimmy Carter's Presidential Commission on Mental Health was intended to recommend policies to overcome obvious deficiencies in the mental health system. Bureaucratic rivalries within and between governments; tensions and rivalries within the mental health professions; identity and interest group politics; the difficulties of distinguishing the respective etiological roles of such elements as poverty, racism, stigmatization, and unemployment; and an illusory faith in prevention all i...

Grob, Gerald N.

2005-01-01

226

Garnering Partnerships to Bridge Gaps Among Mental Health, Health Care, and Public Health  

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Full Text Available Integrating mental health and public health chronic disease programs requires partnerships at all government levels. Four examples illustrate this approach: 1 a federal partnership to implement mental health and mental illness modules in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System; 2 a state partnership to improve diabetes health outcomes for people with mental illness; 3 a community-level example of a partnership with local aging and disability agencies to modify a home health service to reduce depression and improve quality of life among isolated, chronically ill seniors; and 4 a second community-level example of a partnership to promote depression screening and management and secure coverage in primary care settings. Integration of mental health and chronic disease public health programs is a challenging but essential and achievable task in protecting Americans’ health.

Elsie Freeman, MD, MPH

2010-01-01

227

Mental health of prisoners: identifying barriers to mental health treatment and medication continuity.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives. We assessed mental health screening and medication continuity in a nationally representative sample of US prisoners. Methods. We obtained data from 18?185 prisoners interviewed in the 2004 Survey of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities. We conducted survey logistic regressions with Stata version 13. Results. About 26% of the inmates were diagnosed with a mental health condition at some point during their lifetime, and a very small proportion (18%) were taking medication for their condition(s) on admission to prison. In prison, more than 50% of those who were medicated for mental health conditions at admission did not receive pharmacotherapy in prison. Inmates with schizophrenia were most likely to receive pharmacotherapy compared with those presenting with less overt conditions (e.g., depression). This lack of treatment continuity is partially attributable to screening procedures that do not result in treatment by a medical professional in prison. Conclusions. A substantial portion of the prison population is not receiving treatment for mental health conditions. This treatment discontinuity has the potential to affect both recidivism and health care costs on release from prison. PMID:25322306

Reingle Gonzalez, Jennifer M; Connell, Nadine M

2014-12-01

228

Attitudes toward Mental Illness: The Construction of the Libertarian Mental Health Ideology Scale.  

Science.gov (United States)

The study was an attempt to construct an attitude scale to measure the radical psychosocial or libertarian position about "mental illness" and mental health practices. The factor analysis defined four scale factors: mental illness mythology, antimedical model, social deviance control, and anti-coercive treatment. (Author)

Nevid, Jeffrey S.; Morrison, James

1980-01-01

229

Racial Disparities in Mental Health Outcomes after Psychiatric Hospital Discharge among Individuals with Severe Mental Illness  

Science.gov (United States)

Racial disparities in mental health outcomes have been widely documented in noninstitutionalized community psychiatric samples, but few studies have specifically examined the effects of race among individuals with the most severe mental illnesses. A sample of 925 individuals hospitalized for severe mental illness was followed for a year after…

Eack, Shaun M.; Newhill, Christina E.

2012-01-01

230

45 CFR 1304.24 - Child mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

... 2010-10-01 false Child mental health. 1304.24 Section 1304.24 Public...HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION...AGENCIES Early Childhood Development and Health Services § 1304.24 Child...

2010-10-01

231

Stakeholder perceptions of mental health stigma and poverty in Uganda  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background World wide, there is plentiful evidence regarding the role of stigma in mental illness, as well as the association between poverty and mental illness. The experiences of stigma catalyzed by poverty revolve around experiences of devaluation, exclusion, and disadvantage. Although the relationship between poverty, stigma and mental illness has been documented in high income countries, little has been written on this relationship in low and middle income countries. The paper describes the opinions of a range of mental health stakeholders regarding poverty, stigma, mental illness and their relationship in the Ugandan context, as part of a wider study, aimed at exploring policy interventions required to address the vicious cycle of mental ill-health and poverty. Methods Semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions (FGDs were conducted with purposefully selected mental health stakeholders from various sectors. The interviews and FGDs were audio-recorded, and transcriptions were coded on the basis of a pre-determined coding frame. Thematic analysis of the data was conducted using NVivo7, adopting a framework analysis approach. Results Most participants identified a reciprocal relationship between poverty and mental illness. The stigma attached to mental illness was perceived as a common phenomenon, mostly associated with local belief systems regarding the causes of mental illness. Stigma associated with both poverty and mental illness serves to reinforce the vicious cycle of poverty and mental ill-health. Most participants emphasized a relationship between poverty and internalized stigma among people with mental illness in Uganda. Conclusion According to a range of mental health stakeholders in Uganda, there is a strong interrelationship between poverty, stigma and mental illness. These findings re-affirm the need to recognize material resources as a central element in the fight against stigma of mental illness, and the importance of stigma reduction programmes in protecting the mentally ill from social isolation, particularly in conditions of poverty.

Kizza Dorothy

2009-03-01

232

Studies on mental health in Kurdistan - Iran  

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The aim of this thesis was to carry out an epidemiological study on mental health related issues in the Kurdish population of Iran. This part of Iran suffered directly during the Iran-Iraq war 1980-1988. Iran is an Islamic republic with strict adherence to Islamic traditions, which has implications for the way of life and gender issues. Suicide is prohibited according to Islamic teaching, but still there is a rather high suicide incidence especially among young women, who burn themselves to d...

Mofidi, Naser

2009-01-01

233

Rape: Legal issues in mental health perspective.  

Science.gov (United States)

Rape of women by men has occurred throughout recorded history and across cultures and religions. It is a crime against basic human right and a most common crime against women in India. In this article, rape is discussed from legal and mental health perspective. In India 'rape laws' began with enactment of Indian Penal Code in 1860. There have been subsequent amendments and the main issue of focus remained the definition of 'rape and inclusion of 'marital rape' in the ambit of rape. Law Commission Reports related to rape and the psychological impacts of rape have been discussed. PMID:24082245

Jiloha, R C

2013-07-01

234

Transparency in mental health: why mental health tribunals should be required to publish reasons.  

Science.gov (United States)

There is a need for greater transparency and accountability in Australia's civil commitment system, which governs the involuntary detention and treatment of people with mental illness. This article explains how transparency and accountability may be addressed by Australia's mental health tribunals publishing reasons more frequently. The principles of open justice, therapeutic jurisprudence, and human rights provide justifications for an increase in the publication of reasons. The right to privacy is important in civil commitment cases but the use of redacted reasons would appropriately balance the right to privacy with the need for transparency and accountability. Ideally mental health tribunals should provide redacted reasons in all cases. If resource constraints prevent this, then redacted reasons should be published, as a minimum, in cases which involve a novel issue or complex factual circumstances, or when a patient makes a competent request for the reasons to be published. PMID:25087371

Smith, Alison; Caple, Andrew

2014-06-01

235

Drowning not waving: burnout and mental health nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental health nursing as one of the human services professions has frequently, been associated with stress and burnout. The three dimensions of burnout; emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and reduced personal accomplishment have major implications for the quality of the service that mental health nurses are capable of giving. Various studies have demonstrated mental health nurses suffer a high degree of burnout. Other studies have identified the stressors associated with mental health nursing that may be precursors to burnout. The Evaluation of the National Mental Health Strategy (1998) demonstrated that the Strategy was achieving many of its objectives. The objectives that have been achieved in service delivery have produced a work environment that has many of the identified stressors associated with burnout. Therefore, it is imperative that strategies are implemented that address the problem of stress and burnout in the current mental health system. PMID:11924624

Barling, J

2001-12-01

236

JOB SATISFACTION AND MENTAL HEALTH OF SECONDARY SCHOOL COUPLE TEACHERS  

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Full Text Available The present study was conducted on 50 Secondary School couple teachers selected randomly from Gulbarga and Yadagir districts of Karnatak state. The Job Satisfaction scale developed by Meera Dixit (1993 and Mental Health Inventory developed by Jagdish and Srivastva (1981 was administered to measure their Job Satisfaction and Mental Health. Objectives of the studies are 1 To study the level of Job Satisfaction of couple teachers working in secondary schools. 2 To study the Mental Health of couple teachers working in secondary schools. 3 To know the correlation between Job Satisfaction and Mental Health of secondary school couple teachers. Statistical 't'-test and correlation were employed for data analysis. It is found that there is no significant difference in the Job Satisfaction of couple teachers. It is also found that there is no significant difference in the Mental Health of couple teachers. Whereas, there is a positive & significant co-relation between Job Satisfaction & Mental Health of couple teachers.

MAHESHBABU . N

2012-12-01

237

Support from the Internet for Individuals with Mental Disorders: Advantages and Disadvantages of e-Mental Health Service Delivery  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental disorders are common in almost all industrialized countries and many emerging economies. While several trials have shown that effective treatments exist for mental disorders, such as pharmacotherapy, psychological interventions, and self-help programs, the treatment gap in mental health care remains pervasive. Unrestricted access to adequate medical care for people with mental disorders will be one of the pressing public mental health tasks in the near future. In addition, scarcity of financial resources across the public mental health sector is a powerful argument for investigating innovative alternatives of delivering mental health care. Thus, one challenge that arises in modern mental health care is the development of innovative treatment concepts. One possibility for improving mental health care services is to deliver them via the Internet. Online-based mental health services have the potential to address the unmet need for mental health care. PMID:24967221

Moock, Jorn

2014-01-01

238

Triagem em saúde mental infantil Child's mental health triage  

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Full Text Available Este estudo foi conduzido para comparar os resultados de um procedimento grupal aberto e um procedimento individual estruturado para avaliação do comportamento da criança conforme o relato materno. Participaram deste estudo 29 mães que buscavam atendimento para seus filhos em uma unidade de saúde mental infanto-juvenil. As primeiras 15 mães que procuraram o serviço foram entrevistadas individualmente conforme um roteiro estruturado desenvolvido a partir do CBCL e depois foram entrevistadas em grupo, em formato aberto. As outras 14 mães participaram da entrevista grupal aberta e em seguida participaram da entrevista individual estruturada. Os resultados das entrevistas foram comparados tomando como referência as 67 categorias comportamentais identificadas a partir do roteiro individual e quatro variáveis contextuais relatadas nos dois procedimentos. Os resultados mostram que um número substancialmente maior de comportamentos-problema foi identificado através de entrevista individual estruturada do que através de entrevista grupal aberta realizada com os mesmos informantes. É possível que o uso de um roteiro estruturado em entrevistas grupais possa oferecer mais informações com otimização do tempo de avaliação.This study was aimed at comparing the results of a group open procedure and a structured individual procedure to evaluate child behavior according to the mother's report. Participants were 29 mothers who searched attendance for their children at a mental health unit for children and youngsters. The first 15 mothers to enroll in the study underwent an individual, structured interview, developed from the CBCL items, and then they underwent a group open interview. The next 14 mother to enroll underwent the open group interview and then the individual structured interview. The results obtained were compared taking into consideration the 67 behavioral categories identified from the individual report and four contextual variables from the two procedures. The results show that a substantially higher number of problematic behaviors was identified through the structured individual interview than through the open group interview held with the same informants. It is possible that the use of a structured report in group interviews may offer more information with the optimization of the evaluation time.

Fabiana Vieira Gauy

2006-04-01

239

Mental health policy and development in Egypt - integrating mental health into health sector reforms 2001-9  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Following a situation appraisal in 2001, a six year mental health reform programme (Egymen 2002-7 was initiated by an Egyptian-Finnish bilateral aid project at the request of a former Egyptian minister of health, and the work was incorporated directly into the Ministry of Health and Population from 2007 onwards. This paper describes the aims, methodology and implementation of the mental health reforms and mental health policy in Egypt 2002-2009. Methods A multi-faceted and comprehensive programme which combined situation appraisal to inform planning; establishment of a health sector system for coordination, supervision and training of each level (national, governorate, district and primary care; development workshops; production of toolkits, development of guidelines and standards; encouragement of intersectoral liaison at each level; integration of mental health into health management systems; and dedicated efforts to improve forensic services, rehabilitation services, and child psychiatry services. Results The project has achieved detailed situation appraisal, epidemiological needs assessment, inclusion of mental health into the health sector reform plans, and into the National Package of Essential Health Interventions, mental health masterplan (policy guidelines to accompany the general health policy, updated Egyptian mental health legislation, Code of Practice, adaptation of the WHO primary care guidelines, primary care training, construction of a quality system of roles and responsibilities, availability of medicines at primary care level, public education about mental health, and a research programme to inform future developments. Intersectoral liaison with education, social welfare, police and prisons at national level is underway, but has not yet been established for governorate and district levels, nor mental health training for police, prison staff and teachers. Conclusions The bilateral collaboration programme initiated a reform programme which has been sustained beyond the end of the funding. The project has demonstrated the importance of using a multi-faceted and comprehensive programme to promote sustainable system change, key elements of which include a focus on the use of rapid appropriate treatment at primary care level, strengthening the referral system, interministerial and intersectoral liaison, rehabilitation, and media work to mobilize community engagement.

Siekkonen Inkeri

2010-06-01

240

Culture and mental health - A Southern African view  

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Full Text Available This is a long awaited text within the field of mental health in South Africa, as there is very little written about culture and mental health within the specific context of South Africa. This book is very useful for students in any field of mental health like psychology, nursing, social work and medicine. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.

Leslie Swartz

1999-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Lessons learned in developing community mental health care in Europe  

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This paper summarizes the findings for the European Region of the WPA Task Force on Steps, Obstacles and Mistakes to Avoid in the Implementation of Community Mental Health Care. The article presents a description of the region, an overview of mental health policies and legislation, a summary of relevant research in the region, a precis of community mental health services, a discussion of the key lessons learned, and some recommendations for the future.

Semrau, Maya; Barley, Elizabeth A.; Law, Ann; Thornicroft, Graham

2011-01-01

242

Lessons learned in developing community mental health care in Africa  

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This paper summarizes the findings for the African Region of the WPA Task Force on Steps, Obstacles and Mistakes to Avoid in the Implementation of Community Mental Health Care. We present an overview of mental health policies, plans and programmes in the African region; a summary of relevant research and studies; a critical appraisal of community mental health service components; a discussion of the key challenges, obstacles and lessons learned, and some recommendations for the development of...

Hanlon, Charlotte; Wondimagegn, Dawit; Alem, Atalay

2010-01-01

243

Learning from the experiences of Hmong mental health providers  

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This article is a condensed version of a doctoral dissertation studying Hmong mental health providers. The central research question for this study was: What is the meaning of being a Hmong mental health provider? 11 Hmong mental health providers were interviewed about their experiences. Interviewees were asked to describe specificexperiences while doing this work. Interviews were audio taped and transcribed into text narratives. The methodology for conducting this research and analyzing the ...

Linda Gensheimer

2007-01-01

244

Unemployment and Mental Health: Some Evidence from Panel Data  

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In this paper the effects of unemployment on mental health are analysed. A simple model where both the occurrence of and duration of unemployment are allowed to affect mental health is specified. Panel data are used to control for 'fixed effects', i.e. omitted variables that are constant over time. The main finding is that those who are unemployed seem to have worse mental health than others whereas no effects were found after having controlled for fixed effects.

Bjo?rklund, Anders

1984-01-01

245

[The transformation of occupational mental health in Japan].  

Science.gov (United States)

Occupational mental health has been practiced for approximately 90 years in Japan. Today, there are high expectations for psychiatrists to be aware of this topic. Some past discussions and opinions related to occupational mental health remain fully applicable today. Based on these discussions and opinions, psychiatrists concerned with occupational mental health should take a medium to long-term view of meeting the demands of the workplace. It goes without saying that cooperation between psychiatrists and occupational health staff in the practice of occupational mental health is very important, but there is also ground for controversy regarding the division of their roles. The roles that psychiatrists are demanded to fulfill in activities related to mental health differ according to factors such as the type of business, workplace size, and occupational health system in place. Psychiatrists should practices with an understanding of the perspective of occupational health. PMID:21381297

Hiro, Hisanori

2010-01-01

246

Comparing Mental Health Issues among Undergraduate and Graduate Students  

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Background: Stress and other mental health issues can negatively impact the health and academic performance of college students. Purpose: Examine relationships among stress, mental health, and academic classification in a national sample of college students. Methods: Analyses utilized secondary data from 27 387 college students responding to the…

Wyatt, Tammy; Oswalt, Sara B.

2013-01-01

247

Clinical and Management Requirements for Computerized Mental Health Information Systems  

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Information requirements of mental health providers are sufficiently different from those of other health care managers to warrant a different approach to the development of management information systems (MIS). Advances in computer technology and increased demands for fiscal accountability have led to developing integrated mental health information systems (MHIS) that support clinical and management requirements.

Levinton, Paula H.; Dunning, Tessa F. E.

1980-01-01

248

Abortion in Young Women and Subsequent Mental Health  

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Background: The extent to which abortion has harmful consequences for mental health remains controversial. We aimed to examine the linkages between having an abortion and mental health outcomes over the interval from age 15-25 years. Methods: Data were gathered as part of the Christchurch Health and Development Study, a 25-year longitudinal study…

Fergusson, David M.; Horwood, L. John; Ridder, Elizabeth M.

2006-01-01

249

SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND MENTAL HEALTH DATA ARCHIVE (SAMHDA)  

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The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Data Archive (SAMHDA) is an initiative of the Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) of the United States Department of Health and Human Services. The goal of the archive is to provide re...

250

Greek adolescents' views of people with mental illness through drawings: mental health education's impact.  

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People with mental illness are among the most stigmatized and discriminated against as a result of lack of knowledge among the public. Our study explored adolescents' perceptions of people with mental illness through drawings, described these perceptions, and tested the possible changes in perceptions after an educational mental health intervention. Drawings were collected before and after an educational mental health intervention from 59 Greek secondary school students. One group of participants served as the experimental group and received the educational mental health intervention. Content analysis of the drawings was used to analyze data. The drawings provided a clear understanding of adolescents' perceptions towards people with mental illness. After the educational mental health intervention the negative elements presenting the people with mental illness were less among the experimental group, while the drawings among the comparison group did not change. The findings support that educational mental health intervention can have a positive impact on adolescents' perceptions towards people with mental illness. Health professionals can use the findings of our study in order to develop and implement similar interventions. PMID:24382318

Sakellari, Evanthia; Lehtonen, Kimmo; Sourander, Andre; Kalokerinou-Anagnostopoulou, Athena; Leino-Kilpi, Helena

2014-09-01

251

Adolescent mental health: Challenges with maternal noncompliance  

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Full Text Available Vicki A Nejtek, Sarah Hardy, Scott WinterUniversity of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX, USAAbstract: The leading cause of suicide ideation, attempts, and completion in adolescents is persistent and unresolved parental conflict. National statistics show extremely high rates of childhood neglect and abuse are perpetrated most often by single mothers. Psychiatric disorders arising from maternal–child dysfunction are well-documented. However, resources to prevent offspring victimization are lacking. Here, we report maternal neglect of a 15-year-old male brought to the psychiatric emergency room for suicidal ideation. An inpatient treatment plan including pharmacotherapy, family therapy and psychological testing was initiated. The patient’s mother failed to attend clinic appointments or family therapy sessions. Clinician attempts to engage the mother in the treatment plan was met with verbal assaults, aggression, and threatening behavior. The patient decompensated in relation to the mother’s actions. Child Protective Services were contacted and a follow-up assessment with the patient and mother is pending. Psychiatric treatment of the mother may be a necessary intervention and prevention regimen for both the adolescent and the mother. Without consistent Child Protective Services oversight, medical and psychosocial follow-up, the prognosis and quality of life for this adolescent is considered very poor. Stringent mental health law and institutional policies are needed to adequately intercede and protect adolescents with mental illness.Keywords: adolescent, suicide, maternal treatment noncompliance, maternal neglect

Vicki A Nejtek

2010-03-01

252

Stigma and mental health challenges in medical students.  

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Despite the perception that medical students and doctors should be 'invincible', mental health challenges are common in this population. Medical students and doctors have low levels of help seeking for their own psychiatric problems often only presenting to mental health services once a crisis arises. Fear of exposure to stigmatisation is a crucial factor contributing to symptom concealment and is a barrier to accessing mental health services. Autobiographical narratives of the 'Wounded Healer' are gaining popularity among medical students and doctors with mental health challenges both as an effective form of adjunctive therapy and as a means to campaign against stigma. Indeed, the results of a randomised controlled trial to assess the efficacy of Coming Out Proud with mental illness revealed immediate positive effects on stigma stress-related variables. We provide an autobiographical narrative from a medical student who has first-hand experience with mental health challenges. PMID:25183806

Hankir, Ahmed Khaldoon; Northall, Amy; Zaman, Rashid

2014-01-01

253

Understanding the unconscious mind: Jungian psychology and mental health nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

How might the unconscious part of the mind affect mental health patients' emotions or behaviour? How might the unconscious motivations of mental health nurses affect their patients? The discovery of "the unconscious" two centuries ago has allowed philosophers and scientists, such as C. G. Jung, to explore the field. Contemporary mental health care subscribes to a dominance of neurobiological approaches, neglecting the unconscious or relegating it to that of a merely biological process. Approaching this subject from the perspective of Jung, we make a case for the inclusion of theoretical concepts about the unconscious in the discourse of mental health nursing. Such awareness may help mental health nurses to better understand the mental disease, disorder, and distress found in patients. It also may help them understand their own conflicts and motivations that, in turn, can have an affect on their patients. PMID:24702216

Moore, Alan; Cross, Wendy

2014-04-01

254

76 FR 15989 - National Institute of Mental Health; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Science.gov (United States)

...Institute of Mental Health; Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of Mental Health Special Emphasis Panel...Treatment- Resistant Depression (RAPID). Date: April...National Institutes of Health, Neuroscience Center...National Institute of Mental Health, NIH,...

2011-03-22

255

77 FR 24970 - National Institute of Mental Health; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Science.gov (United States)

...Institute of Mental Health; Notice of Closed Meetings...National Institute of Mental Health Special Emphasis Panel...Contracts--Mood and Anxiety Disorders. Date: May...National Institutes of Health, Neuroscience Center...National Institute of Mental Health, National...

2012-04-26

256

75 FR 17150 - National Institute of Mental Health; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Science.gov (United States)

...Health National Institute of Mental Health; Notice of Closed Meeting...Committee: National Institute of Mental Health Special Emphasis Panel; Child Interventions Review. Date...Activities, National Institute of Mental Health, NIH,...

2010-04-05

257

75 FR 8373 - National Institute of Mental Health; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Science.gov (United States)

...Health National Institute of Mental Health; Notice of Closed Meetings...Committee: National Institute of Mental Health Special Emphasis Panel, Child Trials Network Member Conflict...Activities, National Institute of Mental Health, NIH,...

2010-02-24

258

STUDY OF HEALTH STATUS AND ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS OF MENTALLY CHALLENGED CHILDREN IN SCHOOL FOR MENTALLY CHALLENGED  

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The mental health of the child affects his physical health and the learning process. The present study was conducted to study the health status and etiological factors among 58 mentally challenged children in school for mentally challenged at Sangamner. Majority of mentally challenged children (68.0%) were in 5-9 years age group. Most of them had moderate retardation. (43.0%) In majority of children (70.68%)no clinical syndrome was present. Most common clinical syndrome was Down’s syndrome ...

Nadeem Ahmad; Phalke, D. B.

2009-01-01

259

Family impact in intellectual disability, severe mental health disorders and mental health disorders in ID. A comparison  

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Family impact (or family burden) is a concept born in the field of mental health that has successfully been exported to the ambit of intellectual disability (ID). However, differences in family impact associated with severe mental health disorders (schizophrenia), to ID or to mental health problems in ID should be expected. Seventy-two adults with intellectual disability clients of the Carmen Pardo-Valcarce Foundation's sheltered workshops and vocational employment programmes in Madrid (Spain...

Martorell, Almudena; Gutie?rrez-recacha, Pedro; Iraza?bal, Marcia; Marsa?, Ferra?n; Garci?a, Mercedes

2011-01-01

260

Teachers' Perception of Mental Health, Its Relationship to Their Mental Health and to Changes Thereof. Research Report 27.  

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A study was made of comprehensive school teachers' perceptions of mental health when it was defined as a "dynamic integration process of the physical, psychical, social, and spiritual existence of a human being." Two groups participated: 76 middle-aged teachers and 87 advanced teacher trainees. Perceptions of health and mental health were measured…

Nieminen, Seija

 
 
 
 
261

Violent oppression: implications for mental health priorities in South Africa.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores the complex nature of mental health challenges and priorities in a post-apartheid South Africa. Special reference is made to indigenous people's experiences of poverty, racism, sexism and the machinery of political repression as critical bases for determining the priorities in mental health services. Whilst the provision of mental health services for all is sought by mental health professionals and legal systems in Western countries and other African states, South Africa has not developed a coherent sociolegal policy which aims at preventing, alleviating and healing mental health problems for all its citizens. Research gathered through a phenomenological approach amongst the oppressed seeks to define the terrain of people's psychological problems. Although data used are deduced mainly from the 'oppressed' on one white owned farm, questions raised and conclusions drawn address national as opposed to regional solutions, and also facilitate thinking about mental health priorities for all South Africans living under similar conditions. Commonly experienced problems are the effects of organized violence, child and adolescent problems, the prevalence of alcohol and drug use, depression, lack of facilities for the disabled and psychological care for homeless children, families and the youth. Participants were ignorant about mental health services, they experienced them as inaccessible and they were generally suspicious of an lacked faith in mental health workers. The author proposes broad future mental health options, like the restoration of family life in oppressed communities, the training of lay counsellors and the introduction of community mental health programmes. A suggestion is made that health workers in community mental health centres should adopt an advocacy position against all forms of unfair practices and violence and lobby for the protection of human rights. PMID:8065247

Mkhize, H

1994-01-01

262

Inequalities and inequities in mental health and care  

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This dissertation aims at analyzing the relationship between socio-economic status (SES) and mental health and care. It attempts to understand how different socio-economic groups present unequal risk of mental disorders and to what extent different socio-economic groups use unequal quantity, type and quality of mental care. Since its earlier beginnings, psychiatric epidemiology has evidenced the association between socio-economic status and mental disorder. However, the numerous prevalence st...

Lorant, Vincent

2002-01-01

263

Cognitive styles and mental rotation ability in map learning.  

Science.gov (United States)

In inspecting, learning and reproducing a map, a wide range of abilities is potentially involved. This study examined the role of mental rotation (MR) and verbal ability, together with that of cognitive styles in map learning. As regards cognitive styles, the traditional distinction between verbalizers and visualizers has been taken into account, together with a more recent distinction between two styles of visualization: spatial and object. One hundred and seven participants filled in two questionnaires on cognitive styles: the Verbalizer-Visualizer Questionnaire (Richardson in J Ment Imag 1:109-125, 1977) and the Object-Spatial Imagery Questionnaire (Blajenkova et al. in Appl Cogn Psych 20:239-263, 2006), performed MR and verbal tests, learned two maps, and were then tested for their recall. It was found that MR ability and cognitive styles played a role in predicting map learning, with some distinctions within cognitive styles: verbal style favoured learning of one of the two maps (the one rich in verbal labels), which in turn was disadvantaged by the adoption of spatial style. Conversely, spatial style predicted learning of the other map, rich in visual features. The discussion focuses on implications for cognitive psychology and everyday cognition. PMID:23771207

Pazzaglia, Francesca; Moè, Angelica

2013-11-01

264

Predictors of Healthcare Service Utilization for Mental Health Reasons  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was designed to identify: (1) predictors of 12-month healthcare service utilization for mental health reasons, framed by the Andersen model, among a population cohort in an epidemiological catchment area; and (2) correlates associated with healthcare service utilization for mental health reasons among individuals with and without mental disorders respectively. Analyses comprised univariate, bivariate, and multiple regression analyses. Being male, having poor quality of life, possessing better self-perception of physical health, and suffering from major depressive episodes, panic disorder, social phobia, and emotional problems predicted healthcare service utilization for mental health reasons. Among individuals with mental disorders, needs factors (psychological distress, impulsiveness, emotional problems, victim of violence, and aggressive behavior) and visits to healthcare professionals were associated with healthcare service utilization for mental health reasons. Among individuals without mental disorders, healthcare service utilization for mental health reasons is strongly associated with enabling factors such as social support, income, environmental variables, and self-perception of the neighborhood. Interventions facilitating social cohesion and social solidarity in neighborhood settings may reduce the need to seek help among individuals without mental disorders. Furthermore, in their capacity as frontline professionals, general practitioners should be more sensitive in preventing, detecting, and treating mental disorders in routine primary care. PMID:25321874

Fleury, Marie-Josee; Ngamini Ngui, Andre; Bamvita, Jean-Marie; Grenier, Guy; Caron, Jean

2014-01-01

265

Predictors of Healthcare Service Utilization for Mental Health Reasons  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study was designed to identify: (1 predictors of 12-month healthcare service utilization for mental health reasons, framed by the Andersen model, among a population cohort in an epidemiological catchment area; and (2 correlates associated with healthcare service utilization for mental health reasons among individuals with and without mental disorders respectively. Analyses comprised univariate, bivariate, and multiple regression analyses. Being male, having poor quality of life, possessing better self-perception of physical health, and suffering from major depressive episodes, panic disorder, social phobia, and emotional problems predicted healthcare service utilization for mental health reasons. Among individuals with mental disorders, needs factors (psychological distress, impulsiveness, emotional problems, victim of violence, and aggressive behavior and visits to healthcare professionals were associated with healthcare service utilization for mental health reasons. Among individuals without mental disorders, healthcare service utilization for mental health reasons is strongly associated with enabling factors such as social support, income, environmental variables, and self-perception of the neighborhood. Interventions facilitating social cohesion and social solidarity in neighborhood settings may reduce the need to seek help among individuals without mental disorders. Furthermore, in their capacity as frontline professionals, general practitioners should be more sensitive in preventing, detecting, and treating mental disorders in routine primary care.

Marie-Josée Fleury

2014-10-01

266

Predictors of healthcare service utilization for mental health reasons.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was designed to identify: (1) predictors of 12-month healthcare service utilization for mental health reasons, framed by the Andersen model, among a population cohort in an epidemiological catchment area; and (2) correlates associated with healthcare service utilization for mental health reasons among individuals with and without mental disorders respectively. Analyses comprised univariate, bivariate, and multiple regression analyses. Being male, having poor quality of life, possessing better self-perception of physical health, and suffering from major depressive episodes, panic disorder, social phobia, and emotional problems predicted healthcare service utilization for mental health reasons. Among individuals with mental disorders, needs factors (psychological distress, impulsiveness, emotional problems, victim of violence, and aggressive behavior) and visits to healthcare professionals were associated with healthcare service utilization for mental health reasons. Among individuals without mental disorders, healthcare service utilization for mental health reasons is strongly associated with enabling factors such as social support, income, environmental variables, and self-perception of the neighborhood. Interventions facilitating social cohesion and social solidarity in neighborhood settings may reduce the need to seek help among individuals without mental disorders. Furthermore, in their capacity as frontline professionals, general practitioners should be more sensitive in preventing, detecting, and treating mental disorders in routine primary care. PMID:25321874

Fleury, Marie-Josée; Ngui, André Ngamini; Bamvita, Jean-Marie; Grenier, Guy; Caron, Jean

2014-01-01

267

Personal Health Systems for Mental Health: The European Projects  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Since the European funded project VREPAR - Virtual Reality in Neuro- Psycho-Physiology (1995) – different European research activities have been using virtual reality and advanced information and communication technologies to improve the quality of care in the treatment of many different mental health disorders including anxiety disorders, eating disorders and obesity. Now the European Commission funding is shifting from the traditional hospital-centred and reactive healthcare delivery mode...

Riva, Giuseppe; Banos, Rosa; Botella, Cristina; Gaggioli, Andrea; Wiederhold, Brenda K.

2011-01-01

268

Mobile health (mHealth) for mental health in Asia: objectives, strategies, and limitations.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mobile technologies are transforming the way in which we interact with one another, access resources, find information, and conduct business around the world. Harnessing the capabilities of mobile technologies to support health care initiatives worldwide has developed into a new interdisciplinary field called mobile health (mHealth). In the current paper, we review the penetration of mobile technology in Asia, and consider the integration of mobile technologies into the study, diagnoses, and treatment of mental disorders in the region. We outline how mHealth programs could improve mental health literacy, provide greater access to mental health services, extend community-based outreach and engagement, support self-management of illness, and regulate medication distribution. We end with a consideration of the potential barriers and limitations of mHealth for mental health, including funding, language and literacy barriers, power supply considerations, data security, and privacy issues. PMID:25042960

Brian, Rachel M; Ben-Zeev, Dror

2014-08-01

269

Financing Mental Health Care in Spain: Context and critical issues  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Financing and the way in which funds are then allocated are key issues in health policy. They can act as an incentive or barrier to system reform , can prioritise certain types or sectors of care and have long term consequences for the planning and delivery of services. The way in which [...] these issues can impact on the funding of mental health services across Europe has been a key task of the Mental Health Economics European Network. (MHEEN) This paper draws on information prepared for MHEEN and provides an analysis of the context and the main issues related to mental health financing in Spain. METHODS: A structured questionnaire developed by the MHEEN group was used to assess the pattern of financing, eligibility and coverage for mental healthcare. In Spain contacts were made with the Mental Health agencies of the 17 Autonomous Communities (ACs), and available mental health plans and annual reports were reviewed. A direct collaboration was set up with four ACs (Madrid, Navarre, Andalusia, Catalonia). RESULTS: In Spain, like many other European countries mental healthcare is an integral part of the general healthcare with universal coverage funded by taxation. Total health expenditure accounted for 7.7% of GDP in 2003 (public health expenditure was 5.6% of GDP). Although the actual percentage expended in mental care is not known and estimates are unreliable, approximately 5% of total health expenditure can be attributed to mental health. Moreover what is often overlooked is that many services have been shifted from the health to the social care sector as part of the reform process. Social care is discretionary, and provides only limited coverage. This level of expenditure also appears low by European standards, accounting for just 0.6% of GDP. COMMENTS: In spite of its policy implications, little is known about mental healthcare financing in Spain. Comparisons of expenditure for mental health across the ACs are problematic, making it difficult to assess inequalities in access to services across the country. The limited data available on mental healthcare expenditure suggests that level of funding for mental health is low compared with many of the EU-15 countries. This may indicate inefficient and inequitable funding given the significant contribution of mental disorders to the overall burden of ill health. Attention needs to be directed to redressing both the information deficit and also in using a range of financing mechanisms to promote greater investment in mental health.

L., Salvador-Carulla; M., Garrido; D., McDaid; J.M., Haro.

2006-03-01

270

Gaming well: links between videogames and flourishing mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper is a review of the state of play of research linking videogaming and flourishing, and explores the role of videogames and technology to improve mental health and well-being. Its purpose is to develop understandings about the positive intersection of gaming and well-being, to document evidence regarding links between videogames and positive mental health, and to provide guidelines for use by other researchers as they design and use tools and games to improve mental health and well-being. Using Huppert's (Huppert and So, 2013) proposition that to flourish is more than the absence of mental disorder but rather a combination of feeling good and functioning effectively, resulting in high levels of mental well-being, and Seligman's (Seligman, 2011) PERMA theory of well-being, the paper identifies strengths in existing games that generate positive affect, positive functioning, and positive social functioning, contributing to, and supporting mental health and well-being. PMID:24744743

Jones, Christian M; Scholes, Laura; Johnson, Daniel; Katsikitis, Mary; Carras, Michelle C

2014-01-01

271

Use of technology to enhance mental health for older adults.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent research suggests that older adults may gain significant mental health benefits from health resources made available through emerging modern technologies, especially because this population is becoming more Internet savvy. Technology-enhanced interventions for older adults have been shown to be helpful not only for general wellness activities (i.e., exercise), but also to specifically enhance mental health. This article focuses on two types of interventions for mental health: (a) cognitive-behavioral therapy for depression and anxiety and (b) assistive technology for individuals with dementia. Nurses should reevaluate their assumptions that older adults fear technology and explore whether different types of modern technology might be effective in enhancing mental health for these clients. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 52(9), 17-20.]. PMID:25062353

Cangelosi, Pamela R; Sorrell, Jeanne M

2014-08-01

272

DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS INFLUENCES ON MENTAL HEALTH OF COLLEGE STUDENTS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Students mental health is a public issues, public health policy makes at the international level, are very well concerned about this issue become of the increasing rate of suicide, among students their amenity, depression and involvement in high risk behavior .The aim of the study was to understand the influences of demographic variables on mental health of college students. The mental health scale (MHS constructed and standardized by Kamlesh Sharma (2002 was used to measure the mental health. 500 samples were taken based on Purposive sampling method .Statistical method such as t- test, and correlation analysis was used in the present study to test the hypothesis and interpret the data. The findings of the study were there is an influence of demographic variables on mental health of college students

G. RAMANATHAN

2013-03-01

273

The Carter Center Mental Health Program: Addressing the Public Health Crisis in the Field of Mental Health Through Policy Change and Stigma Reduction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Some of the most pervasive and debilitating illnesses are mental illnesses, according to World Health Organization’s The World Health Report 2001 — Mental Health: New Understanding, New Hope. Neuropsychiatric conditions account for four of the top five leading causes of years of life lived with disability in people aged 15 to 44 in the Western world. Many barriers prevent people with mental illnesses from seeking care, such as prohibitive costs, lack of insurance, and the stigma and discrimination associated with mental illnesses. The Carter Center Mental Health Program, established in 1991, focuses on mental health policy issues within the United States and internationally. This article examines the public health crisis in the field of mental health and focuses on The Carter Center Mental Health Program’s initiatives, which work to increase public knowledge of and decrease the stigma associated with mental illnesses through their four strategic goals: reducing stigma and discrimination against people with mental illnesses; achieving equity of mental health care comparable with other health services; advancing early promotion, prevention, and early intervention services for children and their families; and increasing public awareness about mental illnesses and mental health issues.

Rebecca G. Palpant, MS

2006-03-01

274

Triagem em saúde mental infantil / Child's mental health triage  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este estudo foi conduzido para comparar os resultados de um procedimento grupal aberto e um procedimento individual estruturado para avaliação do comportamento da criança conforme o relato materno. Participaram deste estudo 29 mães que buscavam atendimento para seus filhos em uma unidade de saúde me [...] ntal infanto-juvenil. As primeiras 15 mães que procuraram o serviço foram entrevistadas individualmente conforme um roteiro estruturado desenvolvido a partir do CBCL e depois foram entrevistadas em grupo, em formato aberto. As outras 14 mães participaram da entrevista grupal aberta e em seguida participaram da entrevista individual estruturada. Os resultados das entrevistas foram comparados tomando como referência as 67 categorias comportamentais identificadas a partir do roteiro individual e quatro variáveis contextuais relatadas nos dois procedimentos. Os resultados mostram que um número substancialmente maior de comportamentos-problema foi identificado através de entrevista individual estruturada do que através de entrevista grupal aberta realizada com os mesmos informantes. É possível que o uso de um roteiro estruturado em entrevistas grupais possa oferecer mais informações com otimização do tempo de avaliação. Abstract in english This study was aimed at comparing the results of a group open procedure and a structured individual procedure to evaluate child behavior according to the mother's report. Participants were 29 mothers who searched attendance for their children at a mental health unit for children and youngsters. The [...] first 15 mothers to enroll in the study underwent an individual, structured interview, developed from the CBCL items, and then they underwent a group open interview. The next 14 mother to enroll underwent the open group interview and then the individual structured interview. The results obtained were compared taking into consideration the 67 behavioral categories identified from the individual report and four contextual variables from the two procedures. The results show that a substantially higher number of problematic behaviors was identified through the structured individual interview than through the open group interview held with the same informants. It is possible that the use of a structured report in group interviews may offer more information with the optimization of the evaluation time.

Fabiana Vieira, Gauy; Suely Sales, Guimarães.

2006-04-01

275

Mental Health in American Indians and Alaska Natives  

Science.gov (United States)

... Health, Education and Research. Healthy Minds TV - Depression Mental Health Disparities Fact Sheet: American Indians Let's Talk Facts Brochures: American Indians/ Alaska Natives Teen Suicide Stay Connected: Facebook Twitter Linkedin © 2014 American Psychiatric Association. All Rights Reserved. ...

276

A Dramatic Experience in Mental Health Nursing Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Students in mental health nursing participated in researching, writing, acting in, and evaluating a play about schizophrenia. The experience demonstrated drama's effectiveness as a tool to develop sensitivity about health care concerns. (SK)

Rolfe, Andrew; And Others

1995-01-01

277

"Mens Sana": The Growth of Mental Health in the American College Health Association  

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In 1910, the first college mental health service sought to help college students with personality development and building a healthy mind. In 1920, the meeting that founded the American College Health Association (ACHA) identified "mental hygiene" as important, although a separate Mental Health Section was not established in ACHA until 1957.…

Kraft, David P.

2009-01-01

278

Mental Health and Service Delivery Systems for Black Women.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines mental health issues, especially alcoholism, suicide, and social depression, related to the counseling of Black women. Recommends improved mental health services, counselor/clinical training programs, and additional research focusing on the causes of stress among Black women. (Author/MW)

Smith, Elsie H.

1981-01-01

279

Human Trafficking: A Review for Mental Health Professionals  

Science.gov (United States)

This article provides a review of current research on human trafficking for mental health practitioners and scholars. In addition to an overview of definitions, causes and processes of trafficking, the article highlights mental health consequences of trafficking along with suggestions for treatment of survivors. Directions for counseling services,…

Yakushko, Oksana

2009-01-01

280

Measuring quality of mental health care: an international comparison.  

Science.gov (United States)

The International Initiative for Mental Health Leadership (IIMHL) (www.iimhl.com) is a unique international collaborative that focuses on improving mental health and addiction services. IIMHL is a collaboration of eight countries including Australia, England, Canada, New Zealand, Republic of Ireland, Scotland, Sweden and USA.[...]. PMID:25310537

Spaeth-Rublee, Brigitta; Pincus, Harold Alan; Silvestri, Fran; Peters, Janet

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Flourishing: Exploring Predictors of Mental Health within the College Environment  

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Objective: To explore the predictive factors of student mental health within the college environment. Participants: Students enrolled at 7 unique universities during years 2008 (n = 1,161) and 2009 (n = 1,459). Methods: Participants completed survey measures of mental health, consequences of alcohol use, and engagement in the college environment.…

Fink, John E.

2014-01-01

282

Wilderness Therapy: Ethical Considerations for Mental Health Professionals  

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Wilderness therapy is a growing treatment modality for adolescents presenting with a variety of clinical concerns, and wilderness therapy clinicians and referring mental health professionals must carefully consider the ethical issues that are unique to this modality. Following an overview of wilderness therapy as a mental health treatment,…

Becker, Stephen P.

2010-01-01

283

Self versus Others' Perception of Youths' Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

Data was analyzed in the National Longitudinal Survey Study from 1997 specifically relating to questions regarding depression in youth. In the analysis it was found that how the respondent defined their own depression and poor mental health was different than the perceptions about their mental health from those that live with them in the same…

Viviano, Thomas A.

2010-01-01

284

A Historical Perspective on National Child Mental Health Policy.  

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This article traces historical attempts to form a comprehensive child mental health policy in the United States and discusses the latest unsuccessful attempts at the creation of such a policy through the managed behavioral healthcare revolution and the Child and Adolescent Service System Program and Child Mental Health Services initiative.…

Lourie, Ira S.; Hernandez, Mario

2003-01-01

285

Maori Identification, Alcohol Behaviour and Mental Health: A Review  

Science.gov (United States)

The impact of Maori identification on alcohol behaviour and mental health and has been neglected in the psychological literature. This paper consists of a review of literature on the history of alcohol use in New Zealand and its impact on indigenous Maori, on their cultural identity and on their mental health. Previous research has been primarily…

Ebbett, Erin; Clarke, Dave

2010-01-01

286

Collaboration Between Child Mental Health Services and Public Schools.  

Science.gov (United States)

Issues are presented which concern today's children, even those growing up under the best of environmental, social, and economic conditions. All will face an increased probability of emotional stress accompanying problems of living, undoubtedly resulting in increased demands upon child mental health services. The history of child mental health

Holliday, Bertha Garrett

287

Mental Health and Education Decisions. CEE DP 136  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental health problems--and depression in particular--have been rising internationally. The link between poor mental health and poor educational outcomes is particularly interesting in the case of the UK which has a low international ranking both on measures of child wellbeing and the probability of early drop-out from the labour market and…

Cornaglia, Francesca; Crivellaro, Elena; McNally, Sandra

2012-01-01

288

Assessing the Strengths of Mental Health Consumers: A Systematic Review  

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Strengths assessments focus on the individual's talents, abilities, resources, and strengths. No systematic review of strengths assessments for use within mental health populations has been published. The aims of this study were to describe and evaluate strengths assessments for use within mental health services. A systematic review identified 12…

Bird, Victoria J.; Le Boutillier, Clair; Leamy, Mary; Larsen, John; Oades, Lindsay G.; Williams, Julie; Slade, Mike

2012-01-01

289

Using Mental Health Consultation: Supporting Teachers, Children, and Families  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental health consultation can be very valuable in supporting children with behavioral difficulties and mental health issues in the classroom. Research has shown that consultation improves teacher efficacy--an important ingredient for teacher success. Consultants vary in the roles they play in child care programs. Most behavioral consultants…

Rubin, Lenore

2008-01-01

290

Mental Health Consultation in Child Care Centers. Data Trends #96  

Science.gov (United States)

"Data Trends" reports present summaries of research on mental health services for children and adolescents and their families. The article summarized in this "Data Trends" reports research that revealed mental health consultation has positive impact on teacher and center quality. Research has shown that parents of children, aged one to three…

Research and Training Center on Family Support and Children's Mental Health, 2004

2004-01-01

291

Youth Unemployment and Mental Health: Some Dutch Findings.  

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Investigated the causation hypothesis (unemployment leads to poor mental health), and the selection hypothesis (poor mental health reduces employment) in a longitudinal study of 635 college graduates and 767 school leavers. Results confirmed the causation hypothesis for school-leavers but not college graduates. Employment and further education…

Schaufeli, Wilmar B.

1997-01-01

292

Low Cost Needs Assessment for a Rural Mental Health Center.  

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Conducted an inexpensive mental health needs assessment of 520 households in a rural community using volunteer university students as telephone interviewers. Respondents considered situational stressors such as unemployment, financial strain, and alcohol and drug abuse to be community's most pressing mental health problems and believed that…

MacDevitt, Margaret; MacDevitt, John

1987-01-01

293

Mental health issues in unaccompanied refugee minors  

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Full Text Available Abstract Previous studies about unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs showed that they are a highly vulnerable group who have greater psychiatric morbidity than the general population. This review focuses on mental health issues among URMs. Articles in databases PsycINFO, Medline and PubMed from 1998 to 2008 addressing this topic were reviewed. The literature had a considerable emphasis on the assessment of PTSD symptoms. Results revealed higher levels of PTSD symptoms in comparison to the norm populations and accompanied refugee minors. In several studies, age and female gender predicted or influenced PTSD symptoms. The existing literature only permits limited conclusions on this very hard to reach population. Future research should include the analysis of long-term outcomes, stress management and a more thorough analysis of the whole range of psychopathology. Additionally, the development of culturally sensitive norms and standardized measures for diverse ethnic groups is of great importance.

Huemer Julia

2009-04-01

294

Citizenship and Mental Health Policy in Europe  

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Full Text Available The problems confronted by people who experience mental disorders are often conceptualised in terms of health and illness. However, these problems extend far beyond the healthcare system, into all areas of human life. Having a psychiatric diagnosis may have a negative impact on every aspect of the individual’s life, leading to the deprivation or limitation of rights in relation to housing, employment, and family life. In this article, some of these problems are discussed within the theoretical framework of debates on citizenship and on human rights. As the context is Europe, reference is made to the recent policy initiatives with the EU, to national and European level consumer organisations and to cases brought before the European Court of Human Rights.

2007-05-01

295

Mental health/illness and prisons as place: frontline clinicians? perspectives of mental health work in a penal setting.  

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This article takes mental health and prisons as its two foci. It explores the links between social and structural aspects of the penal setting, the provision of mental healthcare in prisons, and mental health work in this environment. This analysis utilises qualitative interview data from prison-based fieldwork undertaken in Her Majesty?s Prison Service, England. Two themes are discussed: (1) the desire and practicalities of doing mental health work and (2) prison staff as mental health work allies. Concepts covered include equivalence, training, ownership, informal communication, mental health knowledge, service gatekeepers, case identification, and unmet need. Implications for practice are (1) the mental health knowledge and understanding of prison wing staff could be appraised and developed to improve mental healthcare and address unmet need. Their role as observers and gatekeepers could be considered. (2) The realities of frontline mental health work for clinicians in the penal environment should be embraced and used to produce and implement improved policy and practice guidance, which is in better accord with the actuality of the context - both socially and structurally. PMID:25124166

Wright, Nicola; Jordan, Melanie; Kane, Eddie

2014-09-01

296

JOB SATISFACTION AND MENTAL HEALTH OF SCHOOL TEACHERS  

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Full Text Available This study is intended to gain knowledge about Job Satisfaction and Mental Health of 600 Male and Female teachers working in government and private aided primary schools of Belgaum and Dharwad districts of Karnataka State. The Job Satisfaction and Mental Health Scales were administered on the selected sample to know their level of Job Satisfaction and Mental Health. Statistical 't' test and correlation was applied to analyse the data. It was found that there is no significant difference in the Job Satisfaction of male and female teachers. It was also found that there is no significant difference in the Mental Health of teachers. There is a significant and positive correlation found in Job Satisfaction and Mental Health of teachers.

S.G. JADHAV

2013-01-01

297

How Should Community Mental Health of Intellectual Disability Services Evolve?  

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Full Text Available Services for people with Intellectual Disability (ID and coexisting mental health problems remain undeveloped; research into their effectiveness has been lacking. Three linked recent studies in the UK have provided evidence on essential service provision from staff, service users and carers. Interfaces with mainstream mental health services were seen as problematic: the area of crisis response was seen as a particular problem. Further services’ research is needed, focusing on service components rather than whole service configurations. There was not support for establishing more intensive mental health services for people with ID only. The way forward is in developing new ways of co-working with staff in “mainstream” mental health services. Mental health of ID staff might often be best situated directly within these services.

Colin Hemmings

2014-08-01

298

How Should Community Mental Health of Intellectual Disability Services Evolve?  

Science.gov (United States)

Services for people with Intellectual Disability (ID) and coexisting mental health problems remain undeveloped; research into their effectiveness has been lacking. Three linked recent studies in the UK have provided evidence on essential service provision from staff, service users and carers. Interfaces with mainstream mental health services were seen as problematic: the area of crisis response was seen as a particular problem. Further services’ research is needed, focusing on service components rather than whole service configurations. There was not support for establishing more intensive mental health services for people with ID only. The way forward is in developing new ways of co-working with staff in “mainstream” mental health services. Mental health of ID staff might often be best situated directly within these services. PMID:25158137

Hemmings, Colin; Bouras, Nick; Craig, Tom

2014-01-01

299

Continuous admission to primary school and mental health problems  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Younger children in a school class have higher rates of mental health problems if admission to primary school occurs once a year. This study examines whether this relative age effect also occurs if children are admitted to school continuously throughout the year. Methods We assessed mental health problems based on parent-reports (using the Child Behavior Checklist, CBCL and on professional assessments, among two Dutch national samples of in total 12,221 children aged 5–15 years (response rate: 86.9%. Results At ages 5–6, we found a higher occurrence of mental health problems in relatively young children, both for mean CBCL scores (p = 0.017 and for problems assessed by child health professionals (p Conclusion Continuous admission to primary school does not prevent mental health problems among young children, but may do so at older ages. Its potential for the prevention of mental problems deserves further study.

Verhulst Frank C

2006-06-01

300

Corrosive places, inhuman spaces: mental health in Australian immigration detention.  

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Since their establishment in 1992, Australian Immigration Detention Centres have been the focus of increasing concern due to allegations of their serious impact on the mental health of asylum seekers. Informed by Foucault's treatise on surveillance and the phenomenological work of Casey, this paper extends the current clinical data by examining the architecture and location of detention centres, and the complex relationships between space, place and mental health. In spatialising these relationships, we argue that Immigration Detention Centres operate not only as Panopticons, but are embodied by asylum seekers as 'anti-places': as places that mediate and constitute thinned out and liminal experiences. In particular, it is the embodied effects of surveillance and suspended liminality that impact on mental health. An approach which locates the embodiment of place and space as central to the poor mental health of asylum seekers adds an important dimension to our understandings of (dis)placement and mental health in the lives of the exiled. PMID:17693119

McLoughlin, Pauline; Warin, Megan

2008-06-01

 
 
 
 
301

From school health to integrated health: expanding our children's public mental health system.  

Science.gov (United States)

There is a substantial unmet need for mental health and substance abuse services in the USA. In 2009, the Institute of Medicine recommended increased early identification and intervention for young people with mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders. With the expansion of integrated models in primary care settings, we now have the chance to improve outcomes for young people with mental health conditions, just as we have by improving the early identification and treatment of other preventable and/or treatable conditions such as obesity, asthma, or HIV. This is a moment of great opportunity to fundamentally change how young people access mental health care in our country. Through strategic integration of care, we can increase access to care for those who would not seek out mental health services because of the stigma or inconvenience of reaching out to a mental health provider; we can identify those who need care earlier and reduce the impact of mental illness on individuals, family, and community through early identification and treatment; and we can purposefully embed integration into provider training programs for both primary care and mental health providers to ensure sustainability. PMID:24912970

Adelsheim, Steven

2014-08-01

302

Developments in mental health nursing: a critical voice.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper examines stances that are being adopted in relation to the current and future direction of mental health nursing practice. The argument is made that mental health nursing is being pushed into a direction that is essentially positivistic and narrow in its focus, stating that the current hegemony of thinking which dictates that our primary focus of concern should be with individuals suffering from severe or recurring mental illness, allied with the drive towards 'evidence based practice' is symptomatic of wider issues that should be of concern to all parties interested in the issue of mental health care. The authors examine the context and rationale for these developments from socio-political, philosophical and ethical viewpoints, highlighting that their logical outcome is the exclusion of individuals from the right to health care and question the motives underpinning what could be considered a fundamental shift in the provision of mental health services. The argument is then advanced that caution should be adopted by mental health nursing services before abandoning what Gournay (1994) described as 'redundant ideologies' and that a broader view of mental health nursing action should be accommodated. The validity of trying to account for mental nursing action in quantifiable and biomechanistic terms is questioned and an alternative paradigm of accounting for such action is suggested. PMID:10067482

Coleman, M; Jenkins, E

1998-10-01

303

Community mental health care in the future: nine proposals.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this article was to put community psychiatry into a longitudinal and global perspective and to try to look into the future. Specifically, we set out the following nine proposals:1. Central and regional government should measure the treated percentage of people with mental illness (coverage) and set specific targets to increase coverage over set time periods.2. Health care services need to recognize the far lower life expectancy among people with mental disorders and develop and evaluate new methods to reduce this health disparity.3. Mental health services should provide specific modules to reduce stigma and discrimination experienced by people with mental illness.4. Mental health staff should provide care that service users (and their family members) find accessible and acceptable.5. Mental health care should consist of a careful balance of hospital and community care, with most care provided at or near people's homes.6. Mental health planners, both in times of economic growth and recession, should invest in treatments known to be effective and disinvest from treatments known to be ineffective or even harmful.7. Mental health staff and service users should develop and evaluate methods to improve shared decision making.8. Health care practitioners (of western and nonwestern traditions) should take practical steps to see each other as partners in an integrated system that increases the total amount of mental health care available, while ensuring that only effective and acceptable treatments are provided.9. Mental health services should develop dedicated programs for recovery: this implies that staff understand an individual's personal recovery goals and fully support his/her achievement. PMID:24886950

Thornicroft, Graham; Tansella, Michele

2014-06-01

304

What do we know about promoting mental health through schools?  

Science.gov (United States)

There is a growing evidence base on what schools need to do to promote mental health effectively. There is strong evidence that they need first and foremost to use a whole school approach. This shapes the social contexts which promote mental health and which provide a backdrop of measures to prevent mental health disorders. In this context the targeting of those with particular needs and the work of the specialist services can be much more effective. Schools need to use positive models of mental health, which emphasise well being and competence not just illness--this will help overcome problems of stigma and denial and promote the idea of mental health as 'everyone's business'. The most effective programmes in schools which address mental health have the following characteristics: They provide a backdrop of universal provision to promote the mental health of all and then target those with special needs effectively. They are multi-dimensional and coherent. They create supportive climates that promote warmth, empathy, positive expectations and clear boundaries. They tackle mental health problems early when they first manifest themselves and then take a long term, developmental approach which does not expect immediate answers. They identify and target vulnerable and at risk groups and help people to acquire the skills and competences that underlie mental health. They involve end users and their families in ways that encourage a feeling of ownership and participation, and provide effective training for those who run the programmes, including helping them to promote their own mental health. Using these starting points, we need to develop a rigorous evidence-based approach on this issue. We also require the facilitation of the dissemination of such research findings while encouraging new and innovative approaches. PMID:16739496

Weare, Katherine; Markham, Wolfgang

2005-01-01

305

Mental Health Status of Hospitals Staff in Iran  

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Full Text Available Public well being is a perquisite for sustaining, community job and educational performance of the society which is achievable through physical mental health programs. One of important dimension of sustainable development includes health sectors which has direct influence of human health. This is possible only through healthy and motivated human resources health sector. Thereby, this study was conducted aiming in assessing the mental health status of human resources of shiraz hospitals and community performance it also studies the occupational risk factors, in relation human resources health and relationship between migraine -TTH and their mental health status. The sample size includes 1023 Shiraz hospital staff. The subjects were selected using categorical random sampling method. Data was collected using a questionnaire, which included demographic, occupational and health status of staff. The health status was assessed using GHQ 28 standards. The diagnostic criteria of type of headache were done by using international headache society standards and interview and medical examination by a neurologist (466 individuals. 45.6% of staff had poor mental health, prevalence among male and female were 27.6(16 cases and 54.3 (380 cases, respectively. Their average score in physical health, anxiety, social functions, depression and general mental health statue were 6.72, 6.67, 6.48, 3.28 and 23.2% respectively. Mental health status had a meaningful relationship with steep pattern, physical activity and job satisfaction. Females had more odds to disorder and results show that headache has a profound effect on mental health status and these two are not independent of each other. Findings indicate that mental health disorders have a high prevalence; thereby authorities and researchers need to pay more attention to this issue, through identifying influential factors and developing intervention programs to improve the situation. To improve the sleep pattern and make facilities available for physical activities, are essential for staff satisfaction. High co morbidity between headache and GHQ requires specific strategy and intervention development.

2007-01-01

306

Research ethics in global mental health: Advancing culturally responsive mental health research.  

Science.gov (United States)

Global mental health research is needed to inform effective and efficient services and policy interventions within and between countries. Ethical reflection should accompany all GMHR and human resource capacity endeavors to ensure high standards of respect for participants and communities and to raise public debate leading to changes in policies and regulations. The views and circumstances of ethno-cultural and disadvantaged communities in the Majority and Minority world need to be considered to enhance scientific merit, public awareness, and social justice. The same applies to people with vulnerabilities yet who are simultaneously capable, such as children and youth. The ethical principles of respect for persons or autonomy, beneficence/non-maleficence, justice, and relationality require careful contextualization for research involving human beings. Building on the work of Fisher and colleagues (2002), this article highlights some strategies to stimulate the ethical conduct of global mental health research and to guide decision-making for culturally responsible research, such as developing culturally sensitive informed consent and disclosure policies and procedures; paying special attention to socioeconomic, cultural, and environmental risks and benefits; and ensuring meaningful community and individual participation. Research and capacity-building partnerships, political will, and access to resources are needed to stimulate global mental health research and consolidate ethical practice. PMID:24668025

Ruiz-Casares, Mónica

2014-12-01

307

Size Matters — Determinants of Modern, Community-Oriented Mental Health Services  

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Full Text Available Governances, structures and contents of mental health services are being reformed across countries. There is a need for data to support those changes. The aim of this study was to explore the quality, i.e., diversity and community orientation, and quantity, i.e., personnel resources, of mental health and substance abuse services (MHS and evaluate correlation between population needs and quality and quantity of MHS. The European Service Mapping Schedule—Revised (ESMS-R was used to classify mental health and substance abuse services in southern Finland. Municipal-level aggregate data, local data on unemployment rate, length of education, age of retirement, proportion of single households, alcohol sales and a composite mental health index were used as indicators of population mental health needs. Population size correlated strongly with service diversity, explaining 84% of the variance. Personnel resources did not associate with diversity or community orientation. The indicators of mental health services need did not have the expected association with quality and quantity of services. In terms of service organization, the results may support larger population bases, at least 150,000 adult inhabitants, when aiming for higher diversity.

Taina Ala-Nikkola

2014-08-01

308

77 FR 29675 - National Institute of Mental Health; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Science.gov (United States)

...National Institute of Mental Health, NIH, Neuroscience Center...National Institute of Mental Health Special Emphasis Panel; Neural Processes Underlying Sex Differences Related to Risk...National Institute of Mental Health, NIH, Neuroscience...

2012-05-18

309

Mental health reform under policy mainstreaming: needed, but uncertain.  

Science.gov (United States)

October 2013 marks the 50th anniversary of President John F. Kennedy's message to the US Congress on the need to reform mental healthcare. Much has changed in that time. In 2006, Frank and Glied summarized these changes and the forces behind them, finding that the well-being of people with mental illness was 'better but not well.' They also conclude that most improvements have been due to 'mainstreaming,' the inclusion of those with mental illness in broad reforms such as Medicare, Medicaid and Social Security. With the gradual assimilation of mental health concerns, leadership and resources into mainstream programmes and agencies, future improvements will require that these programmes are accessible and oriented to people with mental illness. The passage of broad health reform legislation in 2010 (the Affordable Care Act) reinforces this change; several of its provisions attempt to make healthcare more relevant to the population with mental illness. In this editorial, I discuss a set of challenges which remain for the population with mental illness in the healthcare system, and the prospects for change. These challenges include: (1) improving basic mental healthcare in primary care, (2) improving mental healthcare for children, (3) earlier detection and treatment of psychotic illness, (4) disability and unemployment and (5) the challenge of sustaining an adequate, speciality public mental healthcare system under conditions of mainstreaming. In general, I conclude that the prospects for successful reform are uncertain. Establishing mental healthcare specialization in mainstream systems has not been notably successful to date. PMID:24229608

Hogan, M

2014-03-01

310

Misdiagnosing the problem: mental health profiles of incarcerated juveniles.  

Science.gov (United States)

Aggression, antisocial and delinquent behavior frequently result in the incarceration of a large number of young people, but these problems pale in comparison to the mental health challenges faced by many of these youth. Recent studies show a high prevalence of mental disorders among adolescents within the justice system. These findings have led researchers, clinicians and policy-makers to re-evaluate the assessment and treatment options that are available for youth within correctional facilities. This article provides a concise review of the most recent research related to mental health disorders among incarcerated juveniles within Canada and the United States. Rates of some of the most common mental health disorders among juveniles, including depression, anxiety, attention deficit hyperactivity and substance use are summarized. Throughout the review, issues related to co-morbidity and gender differences are highlighted. The implications of mental health disorders for juvenile justice policy and practice are discussed. PMID:19030498

Odgers, Candice L; Burnette, Mandi L; Chauhan, Preeti; Moretti, Marlene M; Reppucci, N Dickon

2005-02-01

311

An overview of Uganda's mental health care system: results from an assessment using the world health organization's assessment instrument for mental health systems (WHO-AIMS  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The Ugandan government recognizes mental health as a serious public health and development concern, and has of recent implemented a number of reforms aimed at strengthening the country's mental health system. The aim of this study was to provide a profile of the current mental health policy, legislation and services in Uganda. Methods A survey was conducted of public sector mental health policy and legislation, and service resources and utilisation in Uganda, in the year 2005, using the World Health Organization's Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems (WHO-AIMS Version 2.2. Results Uganda's draft mental health policy encompasses many positive reforms, including decentralization and integration of mental health services into Primary Health Care (PHC. The mental health legislation is however outdated and offensive. Services are still significantly underfunded (with only 1% of the health expenditure going to mental health, and skewed towards urban areas. Per 100,000 population, there were 1.83 beds in mental hospitals, 1.4 beds in community based psychiatric inpatient units, and 0.42 beds in forensic facilities. The total personnel working in mental health facilities were 310 (1.13 per 100,000 population. Only 0.8% of the medical doctors and 4% of the nurses had specialized in psychiatry. Conclusion Although there have been important developments in Uganda's mental health policy and services, there remains a number of shortcomings, especially in terms of resources and service delivery. There is an urgent need for more research on the current burden of mental disorders and the functioning of mental health programs and services in Uganda.

Cooper Sara

2010-01-01

312

Mental health of young people: a global public-health challenge.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental disorders account for a large proportion of the disease burden in young people in all societies. Most mental disorders begin during youth (12-24 years of age), although they are often first detected later in life. Poor mental health is strongly related to other health and development concerns in young people, notably lower educational achievements, substance abuse, violence, and poor reproductive and sexual health. The effectiveness of some interventions for some mental disorders in this age-group have been established, although more research is urgently needed to improve the range of affordable and feasible interventions, since most mental-health needs in young people are unmet, even in high-income countries. Key challenges to addressing mental-health needs include the shortage of mental-health professionals, the fairly low capacity and motivation of non-specialist health workers to provide quality mental-health services to young people, and the stigma associated with mental disorder. We propose a population-based, youth focused model, explicitly integrating mental health with other youth health and welfare expertise. Addressing young people's mental-health needs is crucial if they are to fulfil their potential and contribute fully to the development of their communities. PMID:17434406

Patel, Vikram; Flisher, Alan J; Hetrick, Sarah; McGorry, Patrick

2007-04-14

313

Mental health promotion and the prevention of mental disorders in South Africa.  

Science.gov (United States)

The need for greater attention to mental health promotion and the prevention of mental disorders in South Africa is highlighted by the cycle of poverty and mental ill-health, the potential for social gains, the question of affordability of treatment in the face of the increasing burden of mental disorders, and the limitations of existing treatment methods. This article, which provides a desk review of the current status of mental health promotion and prevention of mental disorders in South Africa, suggests that South Africa has a number of policies that bode well for promoting mental health from infancy through to old age. There is, however, a need for programmatic interventions to promote resilience in vulnerable populations. Of note, is the need for programmes to address maternal depression and strengthen attachment and psychosocial stimulation during infancy, strengthen families, promote health enhancing school environments, and address intimate partner violence and build health enhancing social capital. Given the multifaceted nature of risk and protective influences, the need for a multi-sectoral plan of action is highlighted. PMID:23340522

Petersen, I; Bhana, A; Swartz, L

2012-11-01

314

Mental capacity and mental health acts part 4: a new framework.  

Science.gov (United States)

The increasingly complex interface between the Mental Health Act 1983 and the Mental Capacity Act 2005 has been discussed in this column over the last three months. The boundaries between the two statutes is becoming increasingly blurred with the Court of Protection, a specialist court that considers cases about people lacking decision-making capacity, commonly being asked to make decisions on mental health law as well. Northern Ireland is proposing to resolve the interface problem by repealing its mental health laws and replacing them with a single statutory framework for mental capacity law. If passed, it will give all adults with capacity the right to consent to or refuse any form of treatment. Physical and mental conditions will be on an equal footing and there would be no compulsory detention or treatment of adults with capacity. For those whose lack capacity, treatment will be available in their best interests with arrangements in place to authorise situations where the care arrangements amount to a deprivation of liberty. In this article Richard Griffith considers the new proposals for Northern Ireland and wonders where these proposals point the way for the other devolved nations to develop their mental health and mental capacity law for a 21st century Britain. PMID:25382085

Griffith, Richard

2014-11-01

315

Feasibility and preliminary outcomes from a pilot study of an integrated health-mental health promotion program in school mental health services.  

Science.gov (United States)

The prevalence of unmet health and mental health needs among youth has spurred the growing consensus to develop strategies that integrate services to promote overall well-being. This pilot study reports on the feasibility and outcomes of a theory-driven, family-focused, integrated health-mental health promotion program for underserved adolescents receiving school mental health services. Parent and adolescent assessments conducted prior to and following the brief, 6-session promotion program showed significant improvements in family support, youth self-efficacy, health behaviors, and mental health outcomes. Clinician reports contributed to a characterization of the feasibility, acceptability, and future recommendations for the integrated program. PMID:24297005

George, Melissa W; Trumpeter, Nevelyn N; Wilson, Dawn K; McDaniel, Heather L; Schiele, Bryn; Prinz, Ron; Weist, Mark D

2014-01-01

316

NIMH Prototype Management Information System for Community Mental Health Centers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Various approaches to centralized support of computer applications in health care are described. The NIMH project to develop a prototype Management Information System (MIS) for community mental health centers is presented and discussed as a centralized development of an automated data processing system for multiple user organizations. The NIMH program is summarized, the prototype MIS is characterized, and steps taken to provide for the differing needs of the mental health centers are highligh...

Wurster, Cecil R.; Goodman, John D.

1980-01-01

317

Child welfare involvement of mothers with mental health issues.  

Science.gov (United States)

Many mothers with mental health issues are caught up in the child protection system and face the prospect of having their children removed from their care. The aim of this study was to determine prevalence and outcomes for mothers with mental health issues and their children in child maltreatment cases opened for investigation in Canada. The method was secondary analysis of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (CIS-2003) core data. This CIS-2003 contains process and outcome data on a nationally representative sample of 11,652 child maltreatment investigations. Maternal mental health issues were noted in 2,272 (19.7%) cases opened for investigation. The most common child protection concerns were neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence. A significant association was found between maternal mental health issues and child maltreatment investigation outcomes, with many potentially confounding variables held constant. Broad spectrum, multi-disciplinary services are needed to support mothers with mental health issues. Effective mental health care is vital but insufficient. Addressing trauma, strengthening social relationships and alleviating poverty are also key. Systemic advocacy is needed to ensure that mothers with mental health issues can access broad spectrum supports. PMID:21243432

Westad, Callie; McConnell, David

2012-02-01

318

Mental health and social capital in Cali, Colombia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental ill health forms an increasingly significant part of the burden of disease in developing countries. The growing interest in social risk factors for mental health coincides with the development of social capital research which may further inform the social model of mental health. The objective of the study reported here was to discover if there is an independent association between social capital and mental health when taking into account an array of demographic and violence variables. A total of 1168 youth (15-25 years) in a low income community in Cali, Colombia were surveyed. Mental health was measured by a 20 item self-report questionnaire. The instrument used to measure social capital covered structural and cognitive social capital. Twenty-four per cent of the sample were probable cases of mental ill health. Females had a prevalence rate three times higher than males. Using a model which considered demographic and social capital measures as potential risk factors for mental ill health, the significant risk factors emerged as being female, having limited schooling, working in the informal sector, being a migrant, and having low trust in people. The 'classic' poverty type variables (poor education and employment) were more important than social capital, as was the commonly dominant risk factor for mental ill health-being a woman. When violence factors were added to the model, the 'trust' factor fell out and the most important risk factors became (in descending order of importance): being female; no schooling/incomplete primary; and being a victim of violence. The dominance of poverty related factors, as opposed to social capital, prompts renewed attention to the explanatory mechanisms that link income inequality and poor mental health. PMID:15047083

Harpham, Trudy; Grant, Emma; Rodriguez, Carlos

2004-06-01

319

The mental health recovery movement and family therapy, part II: a collaborative, appreciative approach for supporting mental health recovery.  

Science.gov (United States)

A continuation of Part I, which introduced mental health recovery concepts to family therapists, Part II of this article outlines a collaborative, appreciative approach for working in recovery-oriented contexts. This approach draws primarily upon postmodern therapies, which have numerous social justice and strength-based practices that are easily adapted in recovery-oriented contexts. The model outlined in this article includes an overview of the recovery partnership (i.e., therapeutic relationship), mapping recovery (i.e., assessment and case conceptualization), recovery planning (i.e., treatment planning), facilitating recovery (i.e., intervention), accessing resources (i.e., case management), recovery maintenance, and service contexts as well as a case study. PMID:22804464

Gehart, Diane R

2012-07-01

320

Trabalho na atenção básica: integralidade do cuidado em saúde mental / Work in primary health care: a comprehensive mental health care / Trabajo en la atención primaria de salud: integralidad del cuidado em salud mental  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este estudo tem por objetivo cartografar o cuidado ao usuário com necessidades no campo da saúde mental em uma Unidade Básica de Saúde, analisando o trabalho em equipe à luz da integralidade das ações de saúde. Seus participantes são trabalhadores de saúde, de diferentes profissões, que fazem parte [...] dos processos de trabalho em saúde mental do serviço. A técnica de coleta de dados utilizada foi o fluxograma analisador. Os resultados nos mostram que, na Unidade Básica, os fluxos conectivos entre os diversos trabalhadores - e entre estes e os usuários - vêm produzindo e proliferando vários e distintos espaços coletivos de trocas, possibilitando ações de saúde alinhadas à perspectiva da integralidade, através de uma compreensão ampliada do processo saúde-doença mental, construída pela valorização das relações humanas e das subjetividades envolvidas no espaço do trabalho em saúde. Abstract in spanish Este estúdio de abordaje cualitativa tiene como objetivo cartografiar el cuidado al usuário con necessidades en lo campo de la salud mental en uma Unidad Básica de Salud, a través de la análisis del trabajo en equipo a la luz de la integralidad de las acciones de salud. Sus partipantes son trabajado [...] res de salud mental, de diferentes profesiones, que son parte de los procesos de trabajo en salud mental de lo servicio. La colección de datos fue construida mediante lo fluxograma analizador. Los resultados muestran que, en la Unidad Básica, los flujos conectivos entre los diversos trabajadores - y entre estes y los usuarios - están a producir y proliferar vários y distintos espacios colectivos de intercâmbios, permitiendo acciones integrales de salud a través de una comprensión ampliada del proceso de salud-enfermedad mental, construida por médio de la valorización de las relaciones humanas y de las subjetividades involucradas en lo espacio del trabajo en salud. Abstract in english This study intends to map the health care given to the usuary with needs in the mental health field in a primary health care unity, analyzing the team work in the light of the integrate primary health care practices. The participants are health workers from different professions, who belong to the s [...] ervice's mental health working processes. The data collection technique used was the analytic flowchart. The results show us that the connective flows among the professionals and between them and the health unity's, in the primary health care unit, has been producing and proliferated diverse exchanges' spaces, making possible health actions aligned to the integrality in people's care through a enlarged understanding of health mental disease process, by means of human relationships' valuation and subjectivities involved in the health work space.

Juliana Reale, Caçapava; Luciana de Almeida, Colvero; Wânia Regina Veiga, Martines; Ana Lúcia, Machado; Ana Luísa Aranha e, Silva; Divane de, Vargas; Márcia Aparecida Ferreira de, Oliveira; Sônia, Barros.

1256-12-01

 
 
 
 
321

Electronic cigarettes in mental health settings - solving a conundrum?†  

Science.gov (United States)

Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), have recently been the focus of much attention and debate. This article attempts to highlight their relevance and potential importance for mental health settings, with a focus on in-patient units. To do so, the complexities involved in smoking among people with mental disorder, the debate surrounding e-cigarettes, and their potential to be utilised as a smoking cessation or temporary abstinence aid in the context of smoke-free policies and new National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidance for smoking cessation in mental health settings, will be discussed and synthesised below.

Ratschen, Elena

2014-01-01

322

From mobile mental health to mobile wellbeing: opportunities and challenges.  

Science.gov (United States)

The combination of smart phones, wearable sensor devices and social media offer new ways of monitoring and promoting mental and physical wellbeing. In this contribution, we describe recent developments in the field of mobile healthcare (or mHealth), by focusing in particular on mobile mental health applications. First, we examine the potential benefits associated with this approach, providing examples from existing projects. Next, we identify and explain possible differences in focus between mobile mental health and mobile wellbeing applications. Finally, we discuss some open challenges associated with the implementation of this vision, ranging from the lack of evidence-based validation to privacy, security and ethical concerns. PMID:23400146

Gaggioli, Andrea; Riva, Giuseppe

2013-01-01

323

Developing a community mental health nursing handover form.  

Science.gov (United States)

While nursing handovers are predominantly used in ward settings, this essential form of communication is also used by community mental health teams to promote continuity of care. A community mental health nursing handover form was developed to overcome poor communication of patient information. It is expected that the form will increase efficiency and reduce handover time by focusing on pertinent and current patient information. Implementation of a community mental health nursing handover form requires the willingness of staff to be proactive and embrace change. The involvement of nurse leaders is essential to implement successful change, overcome barriers and motivate staff. PMID:23855158

Burleton, Laurie

324

Whole-school mental health promotion in Australia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Although there is increasing recognition internationally of the significance of social and emotional health and wellbeing for the healthy development of young people, the levels of support that governments provide for mental health policy and programme initiatives vary widely. In this paper, consideration is given to Australia's approach to mental health promotion from early years to secondary school, including specific reference to the KidsMatter Primary mental health promotion, prevention and early intervention initiative. Although it is now well established that schools provide important settings for the promotion of mental health initiatives, there are significant challenges faced in effectively implementing and maintaining the delivery of evidence-based practice in school settings, including concerns about quality assurance in processes of implementation, translation, dissemination and evaluation.

Phillip T. Slee

2011-11-01

325

Center of Psychosocial Attention (CAPS: worker’s mental health  

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Full Text Available The professional that is facing changes in the mental health attention has been constituted himself in the confront of Psychiatric Reform discourse, which defends that the medical/psychiatric knowledge must change its place for the multidisciplinarity, it must start using the notion health instead of using illness, city’s circulation instead of asylum, person in psychic suffering instead of person with mental illness, citizen instead of incapable one. This shock can be characterized as a factor of stress in the mental health teams’ work. This is a qualitative research, case study, and has the purpose of evaluating the strategies used by a CAPS’ (Center of Psychosocial Attention health team in promoting the worker’s mental health. Data collection was carried through during November and December 2006, in Foz do Iguaçu City, Parana State, Brazil. Data treatment will be done from the thematic analysis.

Cecília Helena Glanzner

2007-08-01

326

Center of Psychosocial Attention (CAPS: worker’s mental health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The professional that is facing changes in the mental health attention has been constituted himself in the confront of Psychiatric Reform discourse, which defends that the medical/psychiatric knowledge must change its place for the multidisciplinarity, it must start using the notion health instead of using illness, city’s circulation instead of asylum, person in psychic suffering instead of person with mental illness, citizen instead of incapable one. This shock can be characterized as a factor of stress in the mental health teams’ work. This is a qualitative research, case study, and has the purpose of evaluating the strategies used by a CAPS’ (Center of Psychosocial Attention health team in promoting the worker’s mental health. Data collection was carried through during November and December 2006, in Foz do Iguaçu City, Parana State, Brazil. Data treatment will be done from the thematic analysis.

Cecília Helena Glanzner

2007-12-01

327

Mental Health Problems in Primary Care: Progress in North America  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in english Background and Objectives: Research in the last decade has acknowledged that primary care plays a pivotal role in the delivery of mental health services. The aim of this paper is to review major accomplishments, emerging trends, and continuing gaps concerning mental health problems in primary care i [...] n North America. Methods: Literature from North America was reviewed and synthesized. Results: Major accomplishments include: the development and adoption of a number of clinical guidelines specifically for mental health conditions in primary care, the acceptance of the chronic care model as a framework for treating depression in primary care, and the clear adoption of pharmacologic approaches as the predominant mode for treating depression and anxiety. Emerging trends include: the use of non-physician facilitators as care managers in the treatment of depression in primary care, increasing use of technology in the assessment and treatment of mental health conditions in primary care, and dissemination and implementation of integrated mental health treatment approaches. Lingering issues include: the difficulty in moving beyond problem identification and initiation of treatment to sustaining evidence-based treatments, agreement on a common metric to evaluate outcomes, and the stigma still associated with mental illness. Conclusion: Though there now exists a solid and growing evidence base for the delivery of mental health services in primary care, there are still significant challenges which must be overcome in order to make further advances.

Kathryn M., Magruder; Derik E., Yeager.

2007-03-01

328

Mental Health Problems in Primary Care: Progress in North America  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Research in the last decade has acknowledged that primary care plays a pivotal role in the delivery of mental health services. The aim of this paper is to review major accomplishments, emerging trends, and continuing gaps concerning mental health problems in primary care in North America. Methods: Literature from North America was reviewed and synthesized. Results: Major accomplishments include: the development and adoption of a number of clinical guidelines specifically for mental health conditions in primary care, the acceptance of the chronic care model as a framework for treating depression in primary care, and the clear adoption of pharmacologic approaches as the predominant mode for treating depression and anxiety. Emerging trends include: the use of non-physician facilitators as care managers in the treatment of depression in primary care, increasing use of technology in the assessment and treatment of mental health conditions in primary care, and dissemination and implementation of integrated mental health treatment approaches. Lingering issues include: the difficulty in moving beyond problem identification and initiation of treatment to sustaining evidence-based treatments, agreement on a common metric to evaluate outcomes, and the stigma still associated with mental illness. Conclusion: Though there now exists a solid and growing evidence base for the delivery of mental health services in primary care, there are still significant challenges which must be overcome in order to make further advances.

Kathryn M. Magruder

2007-03-01

329

Mental Health Problems in Primary Care: Progress in North America  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in english Background and Objectives: Research in the last decade has acknowledged that primary care plays a pivotal role in the delivery of mental health services. The aim of this paper is to review major accomplishments, emerging trends, and continuing gaps concerning mental health problems in primary care i [...] n North America. Methods: Literature from North America was reviewed and synthesized. Results: Major accomplishments include: the development and adoption of a number of clinical guidelines specifically for mental health conditions in primary care, the acceptance of the chronic care model as a framework for treating depression in primary care, and the clear adoption of pharmacologic approaches as the predominant mode for treating depression and anxiety. Emerging trends include: the use of non-physician facilitators as care managers in the treatment of depression in primary care, increasing use of technology in the assessment and treatment of mental health conditions in primary care, and dissemination and implementation of integrated mental health treatment approaches. Lingering issues include: the difficulty in moving beyond problem identification and initiation of treatment to sustaining evidence-based treatments, agreement on a common metric to evaluate outcomes, and the stigma still associated with mental illness. Conclusion: Though there now exists a solid and growing evidence base for the delivery of mental health services in primary care, there are still significant challenges which must be overcome in order to make further advances.

Kathryn M., Magruder; Derik E., Yeager.

330

Mental health literacy and the anxiety disorders  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Context: This study set out to investigate the mental health literacy (MHL about eight anxiety disorders (ADs, using vignette methodology. Methods: In all 317 British Adult participants completed a questionnaire with vignettes describing eight anxiety disorders including OCD, PTSD, Agoraphobia, Specific Phobias, Social Phobia, Separation Anxiety Disorder, GAD and Panic Disorder. Recognition, beliefs about treatments and perceived life adjustment (happiness, success at work of specific people with these disorders were assessed. Results: Literacy levels varied across anxiety disorders, with high recognition of OCD (64.67%, but very poor for panic disorder (1.26%, GAD (2.84% and separation anxiety disorder (5.99%. There were few significant effects of vignette gender on literacy levels. MHL for most anxiety disorders was relatively low; particularly panic disorder, GAD and separation anxiety disorder. Social Phobics were judged as least happy and adjusted and agoraphobics least successful at work and would benefit most from psychological help. Conclusions: Overall recognition of the anxiety disorders was poor. Beliefs about adjustment and treatment varied widely as a function of each disorder. Implications of the research for education of the public and limitations of this research are considered.

Chiara Lousley

2013-03-01

331

Mental health issues for Asian Americans.  

Science.gov (United States)

One of fastest-growing population groups in recent decades, Asian Americans represent a vastly diversified and rich mixture of cultures, languages, beliefs, and practices, many of which differ widely from those of European Americans. As immigrants, Asian Americans have experienced and continue to experience various emotional and behavioral problems. However, they tend to underuse existing services except those that are culturally appropriate and linguistically compatible. Misdiagnosis frequently occurs, and the existence of culture-bound syndromes points to a lack of precise correspondence between indigenous labels and established diagnostic categories. Due to Asian traditions of viewing the body and mind as unitary rather than dualistic, patients tend to focus more on physical discomforts than emotional symptoms, leading to an overrepresentation of somatic complaints. Traditional practices and healing methods are frequently used to alleviate distress both before and after patients and their family members approach the conventional mental health care system. Help seeking typically is a family venture. Asian patients respond well to highly structured therapeutic interventions such as those used in behavioral, cognitive, and interpersonal models. When applying pharmacotherapy, clinicians should pay attention to Asians' unique responses to psychotropics, especially in regard to dosage requirements and side effects. Research in this area as well as on other important issues is in the early stage of development. PMID:10375146

Lin, K M; Cheung, F

1999-06-01

332

Mental health issues of muslim americans.  

Science.gov (United States)

The underpinning of all research leading to various schools of thought in the field of psychiatry and psychology is without doubt a product of Western professionals who represent the religio-cultural traditions, historical symbols, and narratives of Western society. Also, the major schools of psychotherapy emerged during an era of individualism and logical positivism reflecting the religious, ethical, and cultural heritage that has shaped the modern Western society. Consequently, the methods and techniques developed in the West may not be always suitable and effective for Muslim Americans. To respond to the growing needs of psychiatric problems encountered by Muslim Americans, many community social service centers have been established in the United States during the past two decades. We now have a growing body of research data suggesting how to tailor our field to the specific needs of this population. We will discuss what kind of emotional and psychiatric problems are most prevalent in Muslim Americans and explain the therapeutic approaches mental health professionals have used and the treatment strategies which have been found effective in the psychosocial rehabilitation of Muslim Americans. PMID:23864761

Basit, Abdul; Hamid, Mohammad

2010-11-01

333

Medical care usage and self-rated mental health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Population studies frequently employ a single item dependent variable for overall health. Self-rated mental health has been the focus of attention less often. The purpose of this project was to investigate the relationship between use of medical care and poor mental health in an elderly population. Methods This study involved a cross-sectional telephone survey of persons over 65 years of age in West Texas, a sparsely-populated 108-county region. Independent variables included number of medical visits, race/ethnicity, age, gender and ability to pay for care. Mental health was measured by asking subjects how often they felt downhearted or blue. Results Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that more medical visits were made by persons who were downhearted or blue. Females, persons who had difficulty paying for care, Hispanic respondents, and older persons were more likely to report poor mental health. Conclusions Elderly persons in this region who use more medical care are at greater risk of being in poor mental health. Public health agencies that are planning population-based approaches to improving mental health should consider targeting persons who are high users of medical care as well as those of limited means, women, persons of Hispanic ethnicity, and people who are of greater age.

Rohrer James E

2004-02-01

334

Public Health Approach to the Study of Mental Retardation  

Science.gov (United States)

We applied a public health approach to the study of mental retardation by providing a basic descriptive epidemiological analysis using a large statewide linked birth and public school record database (N = 327,831). Sociodemographic factors played a key role across all levels of mental retardation. Birthweight less than 1000 g was associated with…

Chapman, Derek A.; Scott, Keith G.; Stanton-Chapman, Tina L.

2008-01-01

335

What we know and don't know about mental health problems among immigrants in Norway.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental health problems have been regarded as one of the main public health challenges of immigrants in several countries. Understanding and generating research-based knowledge on immigrant health problems is highly relevant for planning preventive interventions, as well as guiding social and policy actions. This review aims to map the available knowledge on immigrants' mental health status and its associated risk factors in Norway. The reviewed literature about mental health problems among immigrant populations in Norway was found through databases, such as PUBMED, EMBASE, PsychINFO and MEDLINE. About 41 peer-reviewed original articles published since 1990s were included. In the majority of the studies, the immigrant populations, specifically adult immigrants from low and middle income countries, have been found with a higher degree of mental health problems compared to Norwegians and the general population. Increased risk for mental illness is primarily linked to a higher risk for acculturative stress, poor social support, deprived socioeconomic conditions, multiple negative life events, experiences of discrimination and traumatic pre-migration experiences. However, research in this field has been confronted by a number of gaps and methodological challenges. The available knowledge indicates a need for preventive interventions. Correspondingly, it strongly recommends a comprehensive research program that addresses gaps and methodological challenges. PMID:23117694

Abebe, Dawit Shawel; Lien, Lars; Hjelde, Karin Harsløf

2014-02-01

336

Salud laboral y salud mental en población trabajadora inmigrante Occupational health and mental health in migrant worker population  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Partiendo de una conceptualización de la salud mental como un bienestar físico, psicológico y social, en el presente artículo revisaremos la situación de esa fuerza trabajadora atendiendo a la complejidad de su situación legal, social y laboral y cómo todo ello se relaciona con su salud mental y salud laboral.Working motivation is the main reason of the migratory phenomenon. It means breaking with cultural, social and language barriers, both in the society of origin as in the receiving. Migration processes do not themselves involve mental health problems, but they raise situations of high vulnerability and challenges of integration. Based on a conceptualization of mental health as the physical, psychological and social well-being, in the present article we will review the legal status, social and labour, and how this relates to their mental and occupational health.

Macarena Gálvez Herrer

2011-01-01

337

Salud laboral y salud mental en población trabajadora inmigrante / Occupational health and mental health in migrant worker population  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Partiendo de una conceptualización de la salud mental como un bienestar físico, psicológico y social, en el presente artículo revisaremos la situación de esa fuerza trabajadora atendiendo a la complejidad de su situación legal, social y laboral y cómo todo ello se relaciona con su salud mental y sal [...] ud laboral. Abstract in english Working motivation is the main reason of the migratory phenomenon. It means breaking with cultural, social and language barriers, both in the society of origin as in the receiving. Migration processes do not themselves involve mental health problems, but they raise situations of high vulnerability a [...] nd challenges of integration. Based on a conceptualization of mental health as the physical, psychological and social well-being, in the present article we will review the legal status, social and labour, and how this relates to their mental and occupational health.

Macarena, Gálvez Herrer; María Dolores, Gutiérrez García; Nuria, Zapico Martínez.

338

The Role of Public Health in Addressing Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Mental Health and Mental Illness  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Racial/ethnic minority populations are underserved in the American mental health care system. Disparity in treatment between whites and African Americans has increased substantially since the 1990s. Racial/ethnic minorities may be disproportionately affected by limited English proficiency, remote geographic settings, stigma, fragmented services, cost, comorbidity of mental illness and chronic diseases, cultural understanding of health care services, and incarceration. We present a model that illustrates how social determinants of health, interventions, and outcomes interact to affect mental health and mental illness. Public health approaches to these concerns include preventive strategies and federal agency collaborations that optimize the resilience of racial/ethnic minorities. We recommend strategies such as enhanced surveillance, research, evidence-based practice, and public policies that set standards for tracking and reducing disparities.

Annelle B. Primm, MD, MPH

2010-01-01

339

Global mental health: transformative capacity building in Nicaragua  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Mental health is increasingly recognised as integral to good public health, but this area continues to lack sufficient planning, resources, and global strategy. It is a pressing concern in Latin America, where social determinants of health aggravate existing inequities in access to health services. Nicaragua faces serious mental health needs and challenges. One key strategy for addressing gaps in mental health services is building capacity at the primary healthcare and system levels. Objective: Using the framework of best practice literature, this article analyses the four-year collaborative process between the National Autonomous University of Nicaragua in León (UNAN-León and the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH in Canada, which is aimed at improving mental healthcare in Nicaragua. Design: Based on a critical analysis of evaluation reports, key documents, and discussion among partners, the central steps of the collaboration are analysed and main successes and challenges identified. Results: A participatory needs assessment identified local strengths and weaknesses, expected outcomes regarding competencies, and possible methodologies and recommendations for the development of a comprehensive capacity-building programme. The partners delivered two international workshops on mental health and addiction with an emphasis on primary healthcare. More recently, an innovative Diploma and Master programme was launched to foster interprofessional leadership and effective action to address mental health and addiction needs. Collaborative activities have taken place in Nicaragua and Canada. Discussion: To date, international collaboration between Nicaragua and CAMH has been successful in achieving the jointly defined goals. The process has led to mutual knowledge sharing, strong networking, and extensive educational opportunities. Evidence of effective and respectful global health capacity building is provided. Lessons learned and implications for global health action are identified and discussed.

Jaime C. Sapag

2013-09-01

340

Salud mental, ciudades y urbanismo: 2.Planificación regional y salud mental / Mental health: towns and urbanism 2: area planning and mental health  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En el trabajo se realiza una aplicación concreta de mi esquema de los "niveles de riesgo y contención de la salud mental" para el caso de las transformaciones urbanas y las planificaciones regionales que quieran tener en cuenta ese apartado de la ecología humana. [...] Abstract in english The work consists in a concrete application of the model of the "levels of risk and contention for the mental health" for the case of the urban transformations of that level of the human ecology. [...

J. L., Tizón; A., Dal Cin; J. de, Mesones.

 
 
 
 
341

Learning from the experiences of Hmong mental health providers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article is a condensed version of a doctoral dissertation studying Hmong mental health providers. The central research question for this study was: What is the meaning of being a Hmong mental health provider? 11 Hmong mental health providers were interviewed about their experiences. Interviewees were asked to describe specificexperiences while doing this work. Interviews were audio taped and transcribed into text narratives. The methodology for conducting this research and analyzing the text was derived from the field of hermeneutic phenomenology. Five major themes emerged: (aThe clash; (b I call him uncle; (c Deciphering the code through Hmong embeddedness; (d Tshuaj vwm (crazy drugs; and (e In my heart I can see that it happened that way. Practical implications for educators and those working in the field of mental health arepresented.

Linda Gensheimer

2007-01-01

342

Globalization of psychiatry - A barrier to mental health development.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract The concept of globalization has been applied recently to ways in which mental health may be developed in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), sometimes referred to as the 'Third World' or developing countries. This paper (1) describes the roots of psychiatry in western culture and its current domination by pharmacological therapies; (2) considers the history of mental health in LMICs, focusing on many being essentially non-western in cultural background with a tradition of using a plurality of systems of care and help for mental health problems, including religious and indigenous systems of medicine; and (3) concludes that in a post-colonial world, mental health development in LMICs should not be left to market forces, which are inevitably manipulated by the interests of multinational corporations mostly located in ex-colonizing countries, especially the pharmaceutical companies. PMID:25343630

Fernando, Suman

2014-10-01

343

What Every Child Needs for Good Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... Suicide Teen Self-esteem Feeling Good About Yourself Teen Stress: A Guide to Surviving Stress SOURCES “Facts for Families," America Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry “Children’s and Adolescent’s Mental Health," US Dept. ...

344

Mental Health and Marital Information in Three Newspaper Advice Columns.  

Science.gov (United States)

Content analysis of three newspaper advice columns (Ann Landers, Abigail Van Buren, Joyce Brothers) shows that they refute myths about mental health and marriage more often than they support them. (FL)

Tankard, James W., Jr.; Adelson, Rachel

1982-01-01

345

Determinantes sociais e económicos da Saúde Mental / Mental health: social and economic determinants  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O conceito de "saúde mental" é amplo, e nem sempre é fácil a sua definição, ou a identificação daquilo que a determina. No entanto, da mesma forma que a "saúde" não é apenas a ausência de doença, também a saúde mental é mais do que apenas a ausência de perturbação mental. Neste sentido, tem sido cad [...] a vez mais entendida como o produto de múltiplas e complexas interacções, que incluem factores biológicos, psicológicos e sociais. Neste artigo são revistos alguns dos determinantes sociais e económicos da saúde mental, nomeadamente factores como condições laborais e desemprego, educação, pobreza, condições de habitação, nível de urbanização, discriminação sexual e violência de género, experiências precoces e interacção familiar, exclusão social e estigma, cultura e acontecimentos de vida stressantes. Por fim, salienta-se também a importância do conhecimento dos determinantes sociais e económicos da saúde mental numa perspectiva de Saúde Pública, e a sua relevância para a redução da carga global de doença e a melhoria da saúde mental das populações. Abstract in english The concept of "mental health" is comprehensive, and it isn't always easy to define or to identify its determinants. However, in the same way that "health" isn't merely the absence of disease, mental health is also more than just the absence of mental disorder. Thus, it has increasingly been underst [...] ood as the product of multiple and complex interactions that include biological, psychological and social factors. This article reviews some of the social and economic determinants of mental health, including factors like working conditions and unemployment, education, poverty, housing conditions, urbanization, sexual discrimination and gender based violence, early experiences and family interactions, social exclusion and stigma, culture, and stressful life events. Finally, the importance of the knowledge of social and economic determinants of mental health in a Public Health perspective is also highlighted, as well as its relevance to reduce the global burden of disease and to improve the mental health of populations.

Ana Alexandra Marinho, Alves; Nuno Filipe Reis, Rodrigues.

2010-12-01

346

Mental health and human rights: never waste a serious crisis.  

Science.gov (United States)

A serious health and human rights crisis is unfolding in Indonesia. Media reports in the Jakarta press have highlighted the high death rates in shelters for people with mental illness that are run by the Jakarta Social Affairs Agency. This crisis represents an opportunity to bring about systematic and substantial changes in the Indonesian mental health system. In order to realise this opportunity the necessary elements of an approach are presented and briefly discussed. PMID:19531221

Minas, Harry

2009-01-01

347

Mental health and human rights: never waste a serious crisis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract A serious health and human rights crisis is unfolding in Indonesia. Media reports in the Jakarta press have highlighted the high death rates in shelters for people with mental illness that are run by the Jakarta Social Affairs Agency. This crisis represents an opportunity to bring about systematic and substantial changes in the Indonesian mental health system. In order to realise this opportunity the necessary elements of an approach are presented and briefly discussed.

Minas Harry

2009-06-01

348

Social exclusion and mental health: Conceptual and methodological review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND: The concept of social exclusion is now widely used in discussions about the nature of disadvantage, and there are ongoing initiatives to promote social inclusion among those with mental health problems. AIMS: To conduct a conceptual and methodological review of social exclusion, focusing initially on the origins and definitions of the concept and then on approaches to its measurement, both in general and in relation to mental health. METHOD: We used two main strategies. First, we ...

Morgan, C.; Burns, T.; Fitzpatrick, R.; Pinfold, V.; Priebe, S.

2007-01-01

349

The relation of physical activity and exercise to mental health.  

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Mental disorders are of major public health significance. It has been claimed that vigorous physical activity has positive effects on mental health in both clinical and nonclinical populations. This paper reviews the evidence for this claim and provides recommendations for future studies. The strongest evidence suggests that physical activity and exercise probably alleviate some symptoms associated with mild to moderate depression. The evidence also suggests that physical activity and exercis...

Taylor, C. B.; Sallis, J. F.; Needle, R.

1985-01-01

350

Mental health in the slums of Dhaka - a geoepidemiological study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Urban health is of global concern because the majority of the world's population lives in urban areas. Although mental health problems (e.g. depression) in developing countries are highly prevalent, such issues are not yet adequately addressed in the rapidly urbanising megacities of these countries, where a growing number of residents live in slums. Little is known about the spectrum of mental well-being in urban slums and only poor knowledge exists on hea...

Gruebner Oliver; Khan M Mobarak H; Lautenbach Sven; Müller Daniel; Krämer Alexander; Lakes Tobia; Hostert Patrick

2012-01-01

351

Mental health and healthcare utilization in adult asylum seekers  

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We assessed a sample of unselected adult asylum seekers to determine their current mental health status and patterns of healthcare utilisation. METHOD: We included 78 unselected adult asylum seekers after their first year of residence in the Zurich area of Switzerland. The Swiss Federal Office for Migration provided their names and addresses. The current mental health of the participants was assessed through diagnostic interviews. Their use of healthcare services and the resultant costs over ...

Maier, T.; Schmidt, M.; Mueller, J.

2010-01-01

352

Managing mental health difficulties in higher education: the lived experience  

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1.6 million young people are currently in higher education (HEFCE, 2010). Even though participation ‘stands at 57% for the 20% most advantaged...compared to 19% for the most disadvantaged 20 %’( Inside Government, 2011), this is an increasingly diverse population. Among the attendant pressures for both students and staff, mental health concerns predominate: since the Royal College of Psychiatrists published their first report into the mental health of students, (RCP, 2003), the issues ‘...

East, Carole Ann Margaret

2013-01-01

353

Mental Health, Wellness, and Childhood Overweight/Obesity  

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Childhood obesity is a growing concern, and while progress has been made to understand the association between multiple biological factors (i.e., genetics, nutrition, exercise etc.), little is known about the relationship between mental health and childhood obesity. In this paper, we offer a review of current evidence about the association between mental health and childhood obesity. A systematic literature search of peer-reviewed, English-language studies published between January 2000 and J...

Russell-mayhew, Shelly; Mcvey, Gail; Bardick, Angela; Ireland, Alana

2012-01-01

354

Discrimination and mental health in Ecuadorian immigrants in Spain  

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Abstract Background: To examine the effects of ethnic discrimination on the mental health of Ecuadorian immigrants in Spain and to assess the roles of material and social resources. Methods: Data were taken from the “Neighbourhood characteristics, immigration and mental health” survey conducted in 2006 in 33 areas of Spain. Interviews were conducted at home with an overall response of 69%. Psychological distress measured as “Possible Psychiatric Case” [PPC...

2009-01-01

355

[Mental health disorders among handicapped children and youth].  

Science.gov (United States)

Data on the prevalence of mental health disorders among children and youth with hearing disorders, blindness, physical handicaps or intellectual disabilities are reviewed. Problems in parent-child relations and issues in the development of social competence and social participation are discussed as risk factors for emotional social maladjustment. The differentiation between developmental problems resulting from the handicap and mental health problems is a challenging task in practice. Some conclusions for psychopathological assessment of handicapped children and youth are presented. PMID:17230426

Sarimski, Klaus

2007-01-01

356

Social capital and post-disaster mental health  

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Background : Despite national and international policies to develop social capital in disaster-affected communities, empiric evidence on the association between social capital and disaster mental health is limited and ambiguous. Objective : The study explores the relationship between social capital and disaster mental health outcomes (PTSD, anxiety, and depression) in combination with individual factors (appraisal, coping behavior, and social support). Design : This is a community-based cross...

Wind, Tim R.; Maureen Fordham; Komproe, Ivan H.

2011-01-01

357

Should mental health assessments be integral to domestic violence research?  

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Research on sensitive issues such as abuse and violence in vulnerable populations poses several ethical dilemmas. An important aspect is the impact of such enquiries on one’s mental health. This paper discusses specific ethical issues related to mental health based on violence research conducted and reviewed by the authors. Research on violence among women includes the possibility that some revelations are occurring for the first time and are likely to be emotionally charged. Further, the v...

Satyanarayana, Veena A.; Chandra, Prabha S.

2009-01-01

358

Integrating Decision Making and Mental Health Interventions Research: Research Directions  

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The importance of incorporating patient and provider decision-making processes is in the forefront of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) agenda for improving mental health interventions and services. Key concepts in patient decision making are highlighted within a simplified model of patient decision making that links patient-level/“micro” variables to services-level/“macro” variables via the decision-making process that is a target for interventions. The prospective agend...

Wills, Celia E.; Holmes-rovner, Margaret

2006-01-01

359

Reference-Dependent Effects of Unemployment on Mental Health  

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This paper provides an empirical analysis of reference-dependent effects of unemployment on mental health. I show that the negative effect of unemployment on mental health depends on expectations about the future employment status. Several contributions to the literature have shown that the perception of the individual employment status depends on the surrounding unemployment rate. We argue that expectations are a possible link between unemployment rates and the individual employment status r...

Grunow, Martina

2013-01-01

360

The clinical neuroscience course: viewing mental health from neurobiological perspectives.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although the field of neuroscience is booming, a challenge for researchers in mental health disciplines is the integration of basic research findings into applied clinical approaches leading to effective therapies. Recently the National Institute of Mental Health called for translational research grants to encourage collaboration between neuroscientists and mental health professionals. In order for this "clinical neuroscience" to emerge and thrive, an important first step is the provision of appropriate course offerings so that future neuroscience researchers and mental health practitioners will have a common neurobiological base from which to make informed decisions about the most efficacious treatments for mental illnesses. Accordingly, an integrative course, Clinical Neuroscience, was developed to address these issues. After reviewing the historical origins of this emerging discipline, students are exposed to fundamental overviews of neuroanatomy, neurochemistry, and neural development before approaching the neurobiological components of several disorders (e.g., schizophrenia, depression, Tourette's syndrome, drug abuse, obsessive compulsive disorder). Finally, the maintenance of mental health is emphasized as topics such as psychoneuroimmunology, coping with stress, and eating regulation are discussed. Important themes emphasized in this course include (1) the consideration of only empirically based evidence, (2) the view that mental illness represents a disruption of neurobiological homeostasis, (3) the acknowledgement that, because the brain is a plastic organ, the clinical relevance of environmental and behavioral influences is difficult to overestimate, and (4) the recognition of the value of ecologically relevant animal models in the investigation of various aspects of mental illness. Because of the importance of stress maintenance in mental health, exercises have been developed to increase students' awareness of their own coping strategies. Finally, several books and movies are incorporated to provide additional points of view of the topics discussed in the course. PMID:23494100

Lambert, Kelly G

2005-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

45 CFR 1304.24 - Child mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-10-01 false Child mental health. 1304.24 Section 1304...DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, HEAD START PROGRAM...Early Childhood Development and Health Services § 1304.24...

2010-10-01

362

Community College Student Mental Health: A Comparative Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores community college student mental health by comparing the responses of California community college and traditional university students on the American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment II (ACHA-NCHA II). Using MANOVA, we compared community college and traditional university students, examining…

Katz, Daniel Seth; Davison, Karen

2014-01-01

363

“Effect Of Yoga On Depression, Self Concept And Mental Health Of Normal Health Students”  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: The main objective of the study was to assess the effect of yoga training on depression, self concept and mental health. Hypothesis: Hypotheses of the study there will be difference in between control group and experimental group (Yoga Training on the dimension of depression, self concept and mental health. Materials and Methods: 40 normal health students were selected. 20 Experimental group of normal health students and 20 controlled group of normal health students. Age group was between 20 to 30 years. Both group were given pre test in three dimensions, i.e., Depression, Self concept and Mental Health. A yoga module consisting of yoga asanas, pranayama, meditation, 30 min of yoga training given daily for one month. For the both groups pre and post tests conducted. Results: positive effect of yoga on depression, self concept and mental health of normal health students. Yogic exercise can improve the depression, self concept and mental health in experimental grou.

Quadri Syed Javeed

2012-10-01

364

Engagement in mental health treatment among veterans returning from Iraq  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Tracy Stecker1,2, John Fortney3,4, Francis Hamilton1,2, Cathy D Sherbourne5, Icek Ajzen61Psychiatric Research Center, Dartmouth Medical School, Lebanon, NH, USA; 2VA Health Services Research and Development, White River Junction Veterans Administration, White River Junction, VT, USA; 3VA Health Services Research and Development (HR S&D, Center for Mental Health and Outcomes Research, Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare System, North Little Rock, AR, USA; 4Division of Health Services Research, Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA; 5RAND, Santa Monica, CA, USA; 6Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USAObjectives: Many veterans return from combat experiencing a variety of mental health concerns. Previous research has documented a stigma associated with seeking treatment that interferes with the decision to seek treatment. This study, conceptualized using the theory of planned behavior, assessed beliefs about mental health treatment in order to understand mental health treatment seeking behavior among a group of returning National Guard soldiers who served in the war in Iraq.Methods: Participants were one hundred and fifty Operation Iraqi Freedom National Guard soldiers who screened positive for depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder or alcohol abuse disorder on the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI. Participants were asked to complete a questionnaire assessing beliefs about mental health treatment and treatment-seeking behavior.Results: Beliefs related to symptom reduction and work were significantly related to mental health treatment-seeking behavior. Conclusions: Interventions developed to engage veterans into care must be directed toward cognitive factors that motivate treatment seeking in addition to traditionally targeted structural barriers.Keywords: treatment-seeking behavior, mental health

Tracy Stecker

2010-03-01

365

Religiousness and mental health: a review Religiosidade e saúde mental: uma revisão  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The relationship between religiosity and mental health has been a perennial source of controversy. This paper reviews the scientific evidence available for the relationship between religion and mental health. METHOD: The authors present the main studies and conclusions of a larger systematic review of 850 studies on the religion-mental health relationship published during the 20th Century identified through several databases. The present paper also includes an update on the papers published since 2000, including researches performed in Brazil and a brief historical and methodological background. DISCUSSION: The majority of well-conducted studies found that higher levels of religious involvement are positively associated with indicators of psychological well-being (life satisfaction, happiness, positive affect, and higher morale and with less depression, suicidal thoughts and behavior, drug/alcohol use/abuse. Usually the positive impact of religious involvement on mental health is more robust among people under stressful circumstances (the elderly, and those with disability and medical illness. Theoretical pathways of the religiousness-mental health connection and clinical implications of these findings are also discussed. CONCLUSIONS: There is evidence that religious involvement is usually associated with better mental health. We need to improve our understanding of the mediating factors of this association and its use in clinical practice.OBJETIVO: A relação entre religiosidade e saúde mental tem sido uma perene fonte de controvérsias. O presente artigo revisa a evidência científica disponível sobre a relação entre religião e saúde mental. MÉTODO: Os autores apresentam os principais estudos e as conclusões de uma revisão sistemática abrangente dos estudos sobre a relação religião-saúde mental. Utilizando-se de várias bases de dados, a revisão identificou 850 artigos publicados ao longo do século XX. O presente artigo também inclui uma breve contextualização histórica e metodológica, além de uma atualização com artigos publicados após 2000 e a descrição de pesquisas conduzidas no Brasil. DISCUSSÃO: A ampla maioria dos estudos de boa qualidade encontrou que maiores níveis de envolvimento religioso estão associados positivamente a indicadores de bem estar psicológico (satisfação com a vida, felicidade, afeto positivo e moral mais elevado e a menos depressão, pensamentos e comportamentos suicidas, uso/abuso de álcool/drogas. Habitualmente, o impacto positivo do envolvimento religioso na saúde mental é mais intenso entre pessoas sob estresse (idosos, e aqueles com deficiências e doenças clínicas. Mecanismos teóricos da conexão religiosidade-saúde mental e as implicações clínicas destes achados são discutidos. CONCLUSÕES: Há evidência suficiente disponível para se afirmar que o envolvimento religioso habitualmente está associado a melhor saúde mental. Atualmente, duas áreas necessitam de maior investimento: compreensão dos fatores mediadores desta associação e a aplicação deste conhecimento na pratica clínica.

Alexander Moreira-Almeida

2006-09-01

366

IMPACT OF INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC ON MENTAL HEALTH OF ADOLESCENTS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study was conducted to test the hypothesis that music training causes improvements in several aspects of Mental Health. The researcher tested this hypothesis using a “pre-post” intervention study design, in which researcher measured adolescent's Mental Health. Initially 588 students from Senior College were selected for the present study. All were nineteen-to-twenty one year old. Pre testing sessions were conducted on several small groups. By using the Mithila Mental Health Status Inventory (MMHSI prepared by Anandkumar and Giridhar Thakur data was collected.In all 54 students who found poor in Mental Health enrolled for this study. This group met for instructions of music therapy, after the regular class time for 45 minutes per day, all days of week, over eight-week period. The group focused on music activities. These included listening music as well as singing. This group of students was tested again after completion of eight-week period of music therapy. They were tested on five measures: Egocentrism, Alienation, Expression, Emotional Unstability, and Social Non-conformity. Suitable statistical treatment was given to the data for analysis of the scores. Results show that there were significant improvements in Mental Health. Taken together, these findings suggest that music training produces remarkable improvements in Adolescent's Mental Health.

DINESH P. NAIK

2012-11-01

367

Mental health intervention in Bam earthquake crisis: a qualitative Study  

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Full Text Available Background: Mental health needs to increase in disasters and this study assesses the basic and mental health needs and delivered services during the first month after Bam (Iran earthquake disaster in year 2004."nMethods: Thirty Five mental health professionals and experts were involved in mental health care and interventions for survivors in Tehran general hospitals and in the Bam, were participated in a focus group qualitative study, and finding analyzed after coding from tape recorder."nResults: The primary and immediate needs of survivors were: water, food, shelter, security, finding family members, treating and helping injured ones, respect and good relationship by others, and information and news about disaster and others. Second and long time needs and services were the previous needs and services and also immediate starting the daily routine activities, opening schools and workplaces, participating in community services and resettlement or housing. Lack of previous program and inadequate services are discussed in the paper."nConclusion: It is the first time in Iran survivors get immediate mental health intervention in disaster, but based on finding and the survivors needs, and the problems reported in services were delivered, the study proposes a new mental health intervention program in natural disaster for Iran

Chime N

2007-11-01

368

Ethical issues in perinatal mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

The principles of autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice can guide clinicians in finding ethical approaches to the treatment of women who have psychiatric disorders during preconception, pregnancy, and postpartum. Table 1 summarizes some clinical dilemmas in perinatal mental health care, the ethical conundrums posed by these situations, and guiding principles or tools that can help clinicians resolve ethical conflicts. The concept of relational ethics helps resolve apparent mother-offspring ethical conflicts, and the practice of preventive ethics helps anticipate and reduce the risk of ethical dilemmas and adverse clinical outcomes. These central principles suggest the following guidelines in caring for perinatal women: In situations that seem to pit the needs of a pregnant or postpartum woman against the needs of her fetus or baby, reframe the problem to find a solution that most benefits the mother-baby dyad while posing the least risk to the dyad. In evaluating a pregnant woman's ability to make autonomous, informed decisions about medical care, assess her ability to decide on behalf of both herself and her fetus. When explaining the risks of treatments such as psychotropic medication during pregnancy, avoid errors of omission by also explaining the risks of withholding the treatments. Apply the principle of justice to ensure that women are not stigmatized by having psychiatric disorders or by being pregnant. When screening for maternal psychiatric symptoms, ensure that the benefits of screening outweigh the ethical costs by designing effective follow-up systems for helping women who have positive screens. When treating women of reproductive age for psychiatric disorders, proactively discuss family planning and, when appropriate, the anticipated risks of the illness and the treatment during future pregnancies. Offer preventive interventions to reduce these risks. PMID:19486812

Miller, Laura J

2009-06-01

369

Interface between intellectual disability and mental health: hermeneutic review.  

Science.gov (United States)

A literature review was conducted aiming to understand the interface between the Intellectual Disability and Mental Health fields and to contribute to mitigating the path of institutionalizing individuals with intellectual deficiencies. The so-called dual diagnosis phenomenon remains underestimated in Brazil but is the object of research and specific public policy internationally. This phenomenon alerts us to the prevalence of mental health problems in those with intellectual disabilities, limiting their social inclusion. The findings reinforce the importance of this theme and indicate possible diagnostic invisibility of the development of mental illness in those with intellectual disabilities in Brazil, which may contribute to sustaining psychiatric institutionalization of this population.  PMID:25119948

Surjus, Luciana Togni de Lima e Silva; Campos, Rosana Teresa Onocko

2014-06-01

370

Maternal Pre- and Postnatal Mental Health Trajectories and Child Mental Health and Development: Prospective Study in a Normative and Formerly Infertile Sample  

Science.gov (United States)

Pregnancy and early motherhood involve uncertainty and change, which can evoke mental health problems. We identified maternal mental health trajectories in pre- and postnatal period, and examined their association with later child mental health and development. Finnish mothers reported psychological distress (General Health Questionnaire [GHQ-36])…

Vanska, Mervi; Punamaki, Raija-Leena; Tolvanen, Asko; Lindblom, Jallu; Flykt, Marjo; Unkila-Kallio, Leila; Tiitinen, Aila; Repokari, Leena; Sinkkonen, Jari; Tulppala, Maija

2011-01-01

371

Integrating mental health into primary care in Sverdlovsk.  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction Mental disorders occur as frequently in Russia as elsewhere, but the common mental disorders, especially depression, have gone largely unrecognised and undiagnosed by policlinic staff and area doctors.Methods This paper describes the impact and sustainability of a multi-component programme to facilitate the integration of mental health into primary care, by situation appraisal, policy dialogue, development of educational materials, provision of a training programme and the publication of standards and good practice guidelines to improve the primary care of mental disorders in the Sverdlovsk region of the Russian Federation.Results The multi-component programme has resulted in sustainable training about common mental disorders, not only of family doctors but also of other cadres and levels of professionals, and it has been well integrated with Sverdlovsk's overall programme of health sector reforms.Conclusion It is possible to facilitate the sustainable integration of mental health into primary care within the Russian context. While careful adaptation will be needed, the approach adopted here may also hold useful lessons for policy makers seeking to integrate mental health within primary care in other contexts and settings. PMID:22477885

Jenkins, Rachel; Bobyleva, Zinaida; Goldberg, David; Gask, Linda; Zacroeva, Alla G; Potasheva, Angelina; Krasnov, Valery; McDaid, David

2009-03-01

372

Pediatric Primary Care Providers' Relationships with Mental Health Care Providers: Survey Results  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: As many as 20 % of children have diagnosable mental health conditions and nearly all of them receive pediatric primary health care. However, most children with serious mental health concerns do not receive mental health services. This study tested hypotheses that pediatric primary care providers (PPCPs) in relationships with mental

Pidano, Anne E.; Honigfeld, Lisa; Bar-Halpern, Miri; Vivian, James E.

2014-01-01

373

Engaging Asian American Youth and Their Families in Quality Mental Health Services  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Asian American youth have a higher level of unmet mental health needs and lower level of mental health service engagement than White youth. We presented reasons for lack of engagement in mental health services among Asian American youth and families. Practical strategies to enhance their engagement in mental health services were provided.

Li, Huijun; Seidman, Larry

2010-01-01

374

Access to Rural Mental Health Services: Service Use and Out-of-Pocket Costs  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: To examine rural-urban differences in the use of mental health services (mental health and substance abuse office visits, and mental health prescriptions) and in the out-of-pocket costs paid for these services. Methods: The pooled 2003 and 2004 Medical Expenditure Panel Surveys were used to assess differences in mental health service use…

Ziller, Erika C.; Anderson, Nathaniel J.; Coburn, Andrew F.

2010-01-01

375

Mental Health Knowledge of Chinese Secondary School Students in Hong Kong.  

Science.gov (United States)

Assesses mental health knowledge of 1850 Chinese secondary school students. Finds a significant number of students lack knowledge about mental health and illness. Discusses implications of the data for mental health education within the school context. Includes the Chinese Mental Health Knowledge Scale (CMHKS). (NL)

Shek, Daniel T. L.

1990-01-01

376

Coordination between Child Welfare Agencies and Mental Health Service Providers, Children's Service Use, and Outcomes  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: Interorganizational relationships (IORs) between child welfare agencies and mental health service providers may facilitate mental health treatment access for vulnerable children. This study investigates whether IORs are associated with greater use of mental health services and improvement in mental health status for children served by…

Bai, Yu; Wells, Rebecca; Hillemeier, Marianne M.

2009-01-01

377

Deaf Children and Young People's Experiences of Using Specialist Mental Health Services  

Science.gov (United States)

Deaf children have an increased prevalence of mental health problems compared with hearing children. Generic Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services do not have the skills or expertise to meet the mental health needs of this group of children. Three teams in England provide specialist mental health services for deaf children. This research…

Greco, Veronica; Beresford, Bryony; Sutherland, Hilary

2009-01-01

378

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Adolescent Offenders with Mental Health Problems in Custody  

Science.gov (United States)

Many studies have identified high levels of mental health problems among adolescents in custody and there is increasing evidence that mental health problems in this population are associated with further offending and mental health problems into adulthood. Despite recent improvements in mental health provision within custodial settings there is…

Mitchell, Paul; Smedley, Kirsty; Kenning, Cassandra; McKee, Amy; Woods, Debbie; Rennie, Charlotte E.; Bell, Rachel V.; Aryamanesh, Mitra; Dolan, Mairead

2011-01-01

379

Non-Psychiatric Services Provided in a Mental Health Unit in a County Jail.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines mental health service provision by social workers in a county jail through a retrospective review of 359 mentally ill jail inmates' health and mental health records. Of the non-psychiatric, mental health services provided beyond initial assessment, housing placement evaluations and follow-up sessions were the most frequent. Suggestions…

Young, Diane S.

2002-01-01

380

Application of Mental Health Activity Education Tool in Healthcare - Study Development  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Despite the Government providing additional funding for mental health services and research, it is grossly less than other physical health services. Treatment and positive development of mental health issues remain the biggest challenge for The Scottish Government. A connection has been made between physical and mental health and thus accessible rehabilitation programmes may benefit patients mentally and physically. In the last two ...

Gail Fulton

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration  

Science.gov (United States)

... that reduce the impact of substance abuse and mental illness on America's communities. For more information about SAMHSA's FY 2015 budget, ... Social Media Connect with SAMHSA Social Media Accounts Resources for ...

382

Epidemiology of mental health and insanity: a review of literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The studies epidemiologists in the area of mental health still are seen as and few used in the elaboration of politics of health, action of health incipient, planning of the investments and programs of promotion and social whitewashing for this population. This study it has as objective to make a revision of literature on the subject, tracing as beginning of the line of the time the decade of 1970, dates probable of the trajectory of the studies epidemiologists in the area of mental health, until the present moment, focusing the studies epidemiologists in the northeast region, more specifically, in the Paraíba, where the research epidemiologist starts the spoon fruits.

Emilene Nóbrega Medeiros

2006-04-01

383

Victimization, trauma, and mental health: Women's recovery at the interface of the criminal justice and mental health systems  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

There is substantial evidence that women in psychiatric and correctional settings constitute severely traumatized populations, and that women’s experiences of victimization and trauma are intricately connected to their mental health and substance use problems, and their pathways to crime. Yet, little research has focused on victimization and trauma in the lives of women at the interface of the criminal justice and mental health systems. This study explored the trauma-related experiences and...

Rossiter, Katherine Ruth

2012-01-01

384

Telemental Health Technology in Deaf and General Mental-Health Services: Access and Use  

Science.gov (United States)

Long-distance travel to provide mental health services for deaf people has implications for efficiency, safety, and equality of service. However, uptake of Telemental Health (TMH) has been slow in both deaf and general mental health services. A quantitative study was used to investigate access to TMH and whether staff confidence, experience, or…

Austen, Sally; McGrath, Melissa

2006-01-01

385

The Carter Center Mental Health Program: Addressing the Public Health Crisis in the Field of Mental Health Through Policy Change and Stigma Reduction  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Some of the most pervasive and debilitating illnesses are mental illnesses, according to World Health Organization’s The World Health Report 2001 — Mental Health: New Understanding, New Hope. Neuropsychiatric conditions account for four of the top five leading causes of years of life lived with disability in people aged 15 to 44 in the Western world. Many barriers prevent people with mental illnesses from seeking care, such as prohibitive costs, lack of insurance, and the stigma and discr...

Rebecca G Palpant, Ms; Rachael Steimnitz; Thomas H Bornemann, Edd; Katie Hawkins

2006-01-01

386

Cross sectional practices of mental health clinic / Práticas transversalizadas da clínica em saúde mental  

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Full Text Available The research investigates the changes in the practice of clinical psychology in Brazil, in the field of Mental Health by analyzing a case study of a Sanitary District in the city of Belo Horizonte, in which six professionals who work in primary health in the Mental Health Program were interviewed. It develops a historical panorama, a conceptual investigation and reflection about the connection between this sort of practice and the urban space. Data show changes in clinical practices in mental health which emerged from the confluence of public policies and local services, leading professionals to deal with these intersections not so much as a problem, but as an increase of the potential benefits of the clinic. The expression "extended clinic", in this context, designates the appropriate management of the tension between practice and politics.

João Leite Ferreira Neto

2008-01-01

387

[Youth mental health at the cross roads of service organization].  

Science.gov (United States)

The importance of children and youth mental health is increasingly recognized. This rapidly developing field cannot be conceptualized as an extension of adult services to a younger age group and its developmental and organizational specificities are the object of debate. Reviewing recent literature in this domain and some preliminary information about the Quebec Mental Health Plan implementation, this paper addresses some of the questions which structure this debate in Quebec.Quebec mental health plan has put at the forefront collaboration among disciplines and partnership among institutions. In spite of having produced significant improvement in the field, discontinuities in services, which interfere with an ecosystemic model of care, persist. Recent studies suggest that the organisational climate which surrounds youth mental health services has a direct impact on the quality of services and on youth health outcomes. A flexible management structure, which engages clinicians and health workers, favors empowerment, minimizes work stress and facilitates partnership, is needed to foster successful interdisciplinary and intersectorial collaboration. This collaboration is the cornerstone of youth mental health services. PMID:25120117

Rousseau, Cécile; Nadeau, Lucie; Pontbriand, Annie; Johnson-Lafleur, Janique; Measham, Toby; Broadhurst, Joanna

2014-01-01

388

Social inequalities in mental health in Norway: possible explanatory factors  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background It is well known that there is a social gradient in mental health, the prevalence of mental disorders stepwise increasing by lower social status. The reason for this, however, is not clear, and the purpose of the present study was to explore possible mediating factors between social status and mental health. Methods The study has a cross-sectional design, and was based on a nationwide survey in Oslo, Norway, counting 12 310 people in the age of 30–60 years. Immigrants from non-western countries were excluded. Socio-demographic data were gathered from existing registers, whereas data on health, psychosocial variables and life style were gathered by structured interview. As indicator of mental health was used a 10-items version of Hopkins Symptom Checklist, measuring psychological distress. Measures of general self-efficacy and sense of powerlessness was used as indicators of control of own life situation. Results A strong social gradient in mental health was found, the prevalence of psychological distress increasing by decreasing social status. Psychosocial factors, including self-efficacy, sense of powerlessness, control of work, social support and negative life events, in particular economic problems, as well as life style factors (physical exercise, BMI, smoking and somatic health, likewise showed a social gradient, all risk factors increasing by decreasing social status. When adjusting for the risk factors in multivariate statistical analyses, the social gradient in mental health was eliminated. Low self-efficacy and sense of powerlessness emerged as important explanatory factors, alongside with poor social support, economic problems, smoking and somatic disorder. Conclusion Both individual characteristics, supposedly linked to the personality, like low self-efficacy, and factors related to the actual life situation, like economic problems and a feeling of powerlessness, contribute to the social gradient in mental health, and both aspects should be addressed in preventive work.

Dalgard Odd

2008-12-01

389

California's historic effort to reduce the stigma of mental illness: the Mental Health Services Act.  

Science.gov (United States)

In a historic effort to reduce the stigma of mental illness, California voters approved the Mental Health Services Act in 2004. The law funds a comprehensive statewide prevention initiative that places stigma and discrimination reduction at its center, with 25 projects providing interventions at the institutional, societal, and individual levels. Stakeholders selected specific strategies from the research-based California Strategic Plan on Reducing Stigma and Discrimination. Strategies range from social marketing to increase public knowledge to capacity building at the local level, including training that emphasizes participation by consumers of mental health services and cultural competence. Collectively, these strategies aim to foster permanent change in the public perception of mental illness and in the individual experience of stigma. We examined the context, planning, programming, and evaluation of this effort. PMID:23488486

Clark, Wayne; Welch, Stephanie N; Berry, Sandra H; Collentine, Ann M; Collins, Rebecca; Lebron, Dorthy; Shearer, Amy L

2013-05-01

390

Obesity among those with mental disorders: a National Institute of Mental Health meeting report.  

Science.gov (United States)

The National Institute of Mental Health convened a meeting in October 2005 to review the literature on obesity, nutrition, and physical activity among those with mental disorders. The findings of this meeting and subsequent update of the literature review are summarized here. Levels of obesity are higher in those with schizophrenia and depression, as is mortality from obesity-related conditions such as coronary heart disease. Medication side effects, particularly the metabolic side effects of antipsychotic medications, contribute to the high levels of obesity in those with schizophrenia, but increased obesity and visceral adiposity have been found in some but not all samples of drug-naïve patients as well. Many of the weight-management strategies used in the general population may be applicable to those with mental disorders, but little is known about the effects of these strategies on this patient population or how these strategies may need to be adapted for the unique needs of those with mental disorders. The minimal research on weight-management programs for those with mental disorders indicates that meaningful changes in dietary intake and physical activity are possible. Physical activity is an important component of any weight-management program, particularly for those with depression, for which a substantial body of research indicates both mental and physical health benefits. Obesity among those with mental disorders has not received adequate research attention, and empirically-based interventions to address the increasing prevalence of obesity and risk of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in this population are lacking. PMID:19285199

Allison, David B; Newcomer, John W; Dunn, Andrea L; Blumenthal, James A; Fabricatore, Anthony N; Daumit, Gail L; Cope, Mark B; Riley, William T; Vreeland, Betty; Hibbeln, Joseph R; Alpert, Jonathan E

2009-04-01

391

Why do Chinese Canadians not consult mental health services: health status, language or culture?  

Science.gov (United States)

Data from the Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 1.1 showed that Chinese immigrants to Canada and Chinese individuals born in Canada were less likely than other Canadians to have contacted a health professional for mental health reasons in the previous year in the province of British Columbia. The difference persisted among individuals at moderate to high risk for depressive episode. Both immigrant and Canadian-born Chinese showed similar characteristics of mental health service use. The demographic and health factors that significantly affected their likelihood to consult mental health services included Chinese language ability, restriction in daily activities, frequency of medical consultations, and depression score. Notwithstanding lower levels of mental illness in ethnic Chinese communities, culture emerged as a major factor explaining differences in mental health consultation between Chinese and non-Chinese Canadians. PMID:20028680

Chen, Alice W; Kazanjian, Arminée; Wong, Hubert

2009-12-01

392

Salud Mental: Situación y Tendencias Mental health: the current situation and trends  

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Full Text Available Se actualiza la información sobre la salud mental en el ámbito mundial y nacional. En primer lugar se presentan los conceptos básicos y la problemática mundial de la salud mental. Así mismo, se presenta la carga de enfermedad, destacándose que los países desarrollados la depresión mayor ocupa el segundo lugar y en los países en desarrollo el cuarto lugar. De otra parte, en el mundo los trastornos depresivos representan el 17 % de los AVAD perdidos. Se presenta la situación de la salud mental en Colombia, en los aspectos de epidemiología, morbilidad y mortalidad. Por último se examina las políticas de intervención que han utilizado.Information regarding the mental health situation, both at global and national levels, is updated. In the first place, the basic concepts and problems regarding mental health are presented. The burden of disease is also presented, bearing in mind that in developed countries deeper depression occupies second place and in developing countries comes fourth. On the other hand, depressive disorders represent 17% of DALYs . The mental health situation in Colombia is also presented, including its epidemiological aspects, morbidity and mortality. Finally, the intervention policies that have been implemented are examined.

ADRIANA PRIETO RODRÍGUEZ

2002-01-01

393

Mental health research in Brazil: policies, infrastructure, financing and human resources / A pesquisa em saúde mental no Brasil: políticas, infra-estrutura, financiamento e recursos humanos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O presente estudo, descritivo teve como objetivo mapear a pesquisa em saúde mental no Brasil, fornecendo uma visão de infraestrutura, financiamento e políticas em saúde mental das pesquisas. O estudo faz parte do Projeto Atlas da Organização Mundial da Saúde realizado nos países de média e baixa ren [...] da per capita, entre os anos de 1998-2002. A coleta de dados incluiu a avaliação de documentos governamentais e páginas da web, e questionários enviados para os profissionais chave para fornecer informações acerca da infra-estrutura de pesquisa em saúde mental no Brasil. No ano de 2002, o orçamento total para a pesquisa em saúde foi de 101 milhões de dólares, dos quais 3,4 milhões (3,4%) foram aplicados em Pesquisa para Saúde Mental. As principais fontes financiadoras para pesquisa mental foram a Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (Fapesp, 53,2%) e o Ministério da Educação (CAPES, 30,2%). A proporção de doutores é de 1,7 por um mil habitantes, e a taxa de psiquiatras é de 2.7 por 100 mil habitantes, estimadas pelo censo de 2000. Em 2002, havia 53 cursos de pós-graduação direcionados a educação em saúde mental no Brasil (43 em psicologia, seis em psiquiatria, três em psicobiologia e um em enfermagem psiquiátrica, com 1.775 alunos sendo treinados no Brasil e 67 no exterior. Há nove programas dedicados para a psiquiatria, neuropsiquiatria, psicobiologia e saúde mental no País, sete deles localizados na região Sudeste. No período de cinco anos, 186 estudantes receberam o título de doutor (37 por ano) e 637 artigos foram publicados em revistas indexadas no Institute for Scientific Information (ISI). O investimento canalizado para os programas de pós-graduação na formação de recursos humanos, por meio de bolsas de estudos e fomento à pesquisa, tem permitido ao País uma modesta, mas crescente presença na pesquisa em saúde mental no cenário internacional. Abstract in english The objective of this descriptive study was to map mental health research in Brazil, providing an overview of infrastructure, financing and policies mental health research. As part of the Atlas-Research Project, a WHO initiative to map mental health research in selected low and middle-income countri [...] es, this study was carried out between 1998 and 2002. Data collection strategies included evaluation of governmental documents and sites and questionnaires sent to key professionals for providing information about the Brazilian mental health research infrastructure. In the year 2002, the total budget for Health Research was US$101 million, of which US$3.4 million (3.4) was available for Mental Health Research. The main funding sources for mental health research were found to be the São Paulo State Funding Agency (Fapesp, 53.2%) and the Ministry of Education (CAPES, 30.2%). The rate of doctors is 1.7 per 1,000 inhabitants, and the rate of psychiatrists is 2.7 per 100,000 inhabitants estimated 2000 census. In 2002, there were 53 postgraduate courses directed to mental health training in Brazil (43 in psychology, six in psychiatry, three in psychobiology and one in psychiatric nursing), with 1,775 students being trained in Brazil and 67 overseas. There were nine programs including psychiatry, neuropsychiatry, psychobiology and mental health, seven of them implemented in Southern states. During the five-year period, 186 students got a doctoral degree (37 per year) and 637 articles were published in Institute for Scientic Information (ISI)-indexed journals. The investment channeled towards postgraduate and human resource education programs, by means of grants and other forms of research support, has secured the country a modest but continuous insertion in the international knowledge production in the mental health area.

Jair de Jesus, Mari; Rodrigo A, Bressan; Naomar, Almeida-Filho; Jerônimo, Gerolin; Pratap, Sharan; Shekhar, Saxena.

394

Gaming well: links between videogames and flourishing mental health  

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Full Text Available This paper is a review of the state of play of research linking videogaming and flourishing, and explores the role of videogames and technology to improve mental health and well-being. Its purpose is to develop understandings about the positive intersection of gaming and well-being, to document evidence regarding links between videogames and positive mental health, and to provide guidelines for use by other researchers as they design and use tools and games to improve mental health and well-being. Using Huppert’s (Huppert & So, 2013 proposition that to flourish is more than the absence of mental disorder but rather a combination of feeling good and functioning effectively resulting in high levels of mental well-being, and Seligman’s (Seligman, 2011 PERMA theory of well-being, the paper identifies strengths in existing games that generate positive affect, positive functioning and positive social functioning, contributing to, and supporting mental health and well-being.

ChristianJones

2014-03-01

395

Problem based learning in mental health nursing: the students' experience.  

Science.gov (United States)

Problem based learning (PBL) is well established within the field of health-care education for professionals worldwide, although little has been done to explore the experiences of students undertaking a PBL course in mental health nursing. Without firm evidence of the benefits of PBL, educationalists in mental health might be reluctant to view it as an option in curricula design. This U.K. study examined the experiences of pre-registration post-graduate mental health student nurses undertaking a 2-year educational course in which all teaching and assessment followed a PBL philosophy. Focus groups were used throughout the course to elicit in-depth qualitative data that was analysed by applying a constant comparative method. The analysis of the data uncovered the following broad themes: 'moves to autonomy, 'surviving the groups' and 'the impact of PBL'. The findings show that participants had mainly positive experiences and gained a range of study and interpersonal skills central to mental health nursing. Participants described initial anxieties resulting from engagement in PBL. However, they increasingly gained confidence in this approach, exercising increasing control over the PBL process. Despite this increased autonomy, participants continued to value the input of skilled facilitators. A recurring issue centred on the potential for interpersonal conflict within the student group and its impact on their learning. It is suggested that more research is needed examining the use of PBL in mental health nursing. PMID:22313509

Cooper, Carol; Carver, Neil

2012-04-01

396

Cross-National Diffusion of Mental Health Policy  

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Full Text Available Background Following the tenets of world polity and innovation diffusion theories, I focus on the coercive and mimetic forces that influence the diffusion of mental health policy across nations. International organizations’ mandates influence government behavior. Dependency on external resources, namely foreign aid, also affects governments’ formulation of national policy. And finally, mounting adoption in a region alters the risk, benefits, and information associated with a given policy. Methods I use post-war, discrete time data spanning 1950 to 2011 and describing 193 nations’ mental health systems to test these diffusion mechanisms. Results I find that the adoption of mental health policy is highly clustered temporally and spatially. Results provide support that membership in the World Health Organization (WHO, interdependence with neighbors and peers in regional blocs, national income status, and migrant sub-population are responsible for isomorphism. Aid, however, is an insufficient determinant of mental health policy adoption. Conclusion This study examines the extent to which mental, neurological, and substance use disorder are addressed in national and international contexts through the lens of policy diffusion theory. It also adds to policy dialogues about non-communicable diseases as nascent items on the global health agenda.

Gordon C Shen

2014-10-01

397

Toward a new architecture for global mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Current efforts in global mental health (GMH) aim to address the inequities in mental health between low-income and high-income countries, as well as vulnerable populations within wealthy nations (e.g., indigenous peoples, refugees, urban poor). The main strategies promoted by the World Health Organization (WHO) and other allies have been focused on developing, implementing, and evaluating evidence-based practices that can be scaled up through task-shifting and other methods to improve access to services or interventions and reduce the global treatment gap for mental disorders. Recent debates on global mental health have raised questions about the goals and consequences of current approaches. Some of these critiques emphasize the difficulties and potential dangers of applying Western categories, concepts, and interventions given the ways that culture shapes illness experience. The concern is that in the urgency to address disparities in global health, interventions that are not locally relevant and culturally consonant will be exported with negative effects including inappropriate diagnoses and interventions, increased stigma, and poor health outcomes. More fundamentally, exclusive attention to mental disorders identified by psychiatric nosologies may shift attention from social structural determinants of health that are among the root causes of global health disparities. This paper addresses these critiques and suggests how the GMH movement can respond through appropriate modes of community-based practice and ongoing research, while continuing to work for greater equity and social justice in access to effective, socially relevant, culturally safe and appropriate mental health care on a global scale. PMID:25358524

Kirmayer, Laurence J; Pedersen, Duncan

2014-12-01

398

Abortion, unwanted childbearing, and mental health  

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Full Text Available Una gran cantidad de literatura reporta hallazgos correlacionales de estudios realizados en países desarrollados donde el aborto es legal. Dichos estudios presentan graves problemas metodológicos y sesgos selectivos que exageran los riesgos de salud mental asociados con el aborto, mientras que minimizan los riesgos de la maternidad no deseada. Los profesionales de la salud deben ser capaces de evaluar críticamente esta literatura y tener cuidado al generalizar los hallazgos sobre el aborto provenientes de contextos diferentes en términos legales. Aspectos como las diversas características de las mujeres, y las circunstancias y razones para evitar un nacimiento, no se han incorporado adecuadamente en la teoría o la investigación que busca explicar la variación en la salud mental tras un aborto. Las revisiones críticas han dado cuenta de que los predictores de problemas de salud mental después de un aborto o de llevar a término el embarazo son similares. Además, cuando una mujer tiene un embarazo no deseado, la probabilidad de que pueda tener problemas de salud mental tras el embarazo es similar sin importar el resultado del mismo (aborto vs. nacimiento. Los sesgos de muestreo selectivo, así como factores de riesgo comunes y confundir el aborto con un embarazo no deseado, son elementos que pueden explicar la correlación existente entre el aborto legal y los resultados negativos en la salud mental observados en la literatura de los países desarrollados. Ahora bien, los efectos negativos documentados en embarazos y maternidad no deseados son múltiples, graves y de larga duración para la madre y el niño. Las condiciones cambiantes de la sociedad, en particular en los países en desarrollo, dan una oportunidad para corregir los sesgos y limitaciones de la investigación actual. En este sentido, son necesarios estudios de alta calidad destinados a comprender las diversas asociaciones entre los embarazos no deseados y los efectos, tanto positivos y negativos, en la salud mental. Tales estudios pueden sustentar el desarrollo de programas para reducir la maternidad no deseada y promover la salud mental pre y postembarazo para todas las mujeres, independientemente de si deciden interrumpir o no el embarazo. Palabras clave: Embarazo no deseado, aborto, maternidad no deseada, salud reproductiva, salud mental.

Nancy Felipe Russo

2014-01-01

399

The theoretical basis of formation mental health of students on physical education  

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Full Text Available It is determined socio-cultural component of the definition “mental health”. The theoretical approaches to the interpretation of “health” and “mental health”: philosophical, pedagogical, psychological, medical. It is highlighted the social aspect of these definitions. It is substantiated the relationship of mental health with physical. It is analyzed the impact of mental health on the future professional success. The ways of forming the mental health of students in the physical education are identified. Proposed introduction of alternative health methods for efficient formation of mental health, the creation of a data bank on the activities of association recreational subjects: fitness centers, swimming pools, skating rinks, gyms.

Muhamediarov N.N.

2013-06-01

400

Total quality management strategies in mental health systems.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper introduces the concept of total quality management (TQM) to top managers of mental health systems. While TQM is a philosophy of management at the cutting edge of U.S. business, it has only recently entered the vocabulary of health care managers. To our knowledge, TQM has yet to be systematically applied to the state mental health service delivery system. After introducing some key concepts and techniques, we develop two extensive examples of how TQM can be integrated into the already existing management structure of the psychiatric hospital. PMID:10115787

Rago, W V; Reid, W H

1991-01-01

 
 
 
 
401

Convergent validity of the Arabic scale of mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

To estimate the convergent validity of the Arabic Scale of Mental Health, three convenience separate samples (ns = 162, 168, 138) of volunteer Kuwaiti college students, ages 19 to 32 years, responded anonymously to several scales measuring psychopathology. Analyses showed total ratings for the scale correlated negatively with those of the Kuwait University Anxiety Scale, Factorial Arabic Neuroticism Scale, Somatic Symptoms Inventory, Arabic Scale of Insomnia, the nine subscales of the Symptom Checklist-90-R, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the seven subscales of the General Health Questionnaire. Three separate correlation matrices were subjected to principal components analyses for which a single bipolar factor, Mental health versus psychopathology, was retained in all three matrices. Loadings for the Arabic Scale of Mental Health were -.76, -.64, and -.76. It was concluded that this scale has suitable convergent validity. PMID:22489374

Abdel-Khalek, Ahmed M

2012-02-01

402

Mental health research in Brazil: policies, infrastructure, financing and human resources / A pesquisa em saúde mental no Brasil: políticas, infra-estrutura, financiamento e recursos humanos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O presente estudo, descritivo teve como objetivo mapear a pesquisa em saúde mental no Brasil, fornecendo uma visão de infraestrutura, financiamento e políticas em saúde mental das pesquisas. O estudo faz parte do Projeto Atlas da Organização Mundial da Saúde realizado nos países de média e baixa ren [...] da per capita, entre os anos de 1998-2002. A coleta de dados incluiu a avaliação de documentos governamentais e páginas da web, e questionários enviados para os profissionais chave para fornecer informações acerca da infra-estrutura de pesquisa em saúde mental no Brasil. No ano de 2002, o orçamento total para a pesquisa em saúde foi de 101 milhões de dólares, dos quais 3,4 milhões (3,4%) foram aplicados em Pesquisa para Saúde Mental. As principais fontes financiadoras para pesquisa mental foram a Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (Fapesp, 53,2%) e o Ministério da Educação (CAPES, 30,2%). A proporção de doutores é de 1,7 por um mil habitantes, e a taxa de psiquiatras é de 2.7 por 100 mil habitantes, estimadas pelo censo de 2000. Em 2002, havia 53 cursos de pós-graduação direcionados a educação em saúde mental no Brasil (43 em psicologia, seis em psiquiatria, três em psicobiologia e um em enfermagem psiquiátrica, com 1.775 alunos sendo treinados no Brasil e 67 no exterior. Há nove programas dedicados para a psiquiatria, neuropsiquiatria, psicobiologia e saúde mental no País, sete deles localizados na região Sudeste. No período de cinco anos, 186 estudantes receberam o título de doutor (37 por ano) e 637 artigos foram publicados em revistas indexadas no Institute for Scientific Information (ISI). O investimento canalizado para os programas de pós-graduação na formação de recursos humanos, por meio de bolsas de estudos e fomento à pesquisa, tem permitido ao País uma modesta, mas crescente presença na pesquisa em saúde mental no cenário internacional. Abstract in english The objective of this descriptive study was to map mental health research in Brazil, providing an overview of infrastructure, financing and policies mental health research. As part of the Atlas-Research Project, a WHO initiative to map mental health research in selected low and middle-income countri [...] es, this study was carried out between 1998 and 2002. Data collection strategies included evaluation of governmental documents and sites and questionnaires sent to key professionals for providing information about the Brazilian mental health research infrastructure. In the year 2002, the total budget for Health Research was US$101 million, of which US$3.4 million (3.4) was available for Mental Health Research. The main funding sources for mental health research were found to be the São Paulo State Funding Agency (Fapesp, 53.2%) and the Ministry of Education (CAPES, 30.2%). The rate of doctors is 1.7 per 1,000 inhabitants, and the rate of psychiatrists is 2.7 per 100,000 inhabitants estimated 2000 census. In 2002, there were 53 postgraduate courses directed to mental health training in Brazil (43 in psychology, six in psychiatry, three in psychobiology and one in psychiatric nursing), with 1,775 students being trained in Brazil and 67 overseas. There were nine programs including psychiatry, neuropsychiatry, psychobiology and mental health, seven of them implemented in Southern states. During the five-year period, 186 students got a doctoral degree (37 per year) and 637 articles were published in Institute for Scientic Information (ISI)-indexed journals. The investment channeled towards postgraduate and human resource education programs, by means of grants and other forms of research support, has secured the country a modest but continuous insertion in the international knowledge production in the mental health area.

Jair de Jesus, Mari; Rodrigo A, Bressan; Naomar, Almeida-Filho; Jerônimo, Gerolin; Pratap, Sharan; Shekhar, Saxena.

403

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Publications  

Science.gov (United States)

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration was established in 1992 and "leads Federal efforts to treat mental illnesses by promoting mental health and by preventing the development or worsening of mental illness when possible". To that end, the agency has created this website to provide information about its ongoing programs, along with offering information for the public who may be curious or concerned about these issues. Practitioners and the public will appreciate the well-organized Publications area which is organized thematically and includes topics such as preventions, disaster, and the elderly. The site also has a complete listing of related activities, such as the youth violence prevention initiative and the Center of Women, Violence and Trauma.

2007-03-12

404

Outcomes of Nordic mental health systems: life expectancy of patients with mental disorders  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: People with mental disorders evince excess mortality due to natural and unnatural deaths. The relative life expectancy of people with mental disorders is a proxy measure of effectiveness of social policy and health service provision. AIMS: To evaluate trends in health outcomes of people with serious mental disorders. METHOD: We examined nationwide 5-year consecutive cohorts of people admitted to hospital for mental disorders in Denmark, Finland and Sweden in 1987-2006. In each country the risk population was identified from hospital discharge registers and mortality data were retrieved from cause-of-death registers. The main outcome measure was life expectancy at age 15 years. RESULTS: People admitted to hospital for a mental disorder had a two- to threefold higher mortality than the general population in all three countries studied. This gap in life expectancy was more pronounced for men than for women. The gap decreased between 1987 and 2006 in these countries, especially for women. The notable exception was Swedish men with mental disorders. In spite of the positive general trend, men with mental disorders still live 20 years less, and women 15 years less, than the general population. CONCLUSIONS: During the era of deinstitutionalisation the life expectancy gap for people with mental disorders has somewhat diminished in the three Nordic countries. Our results support further development of the Nordic welfare state model, i.e. tax-funded community-based public services and social protection. Health promotion actions, improved access to healthcare and prevention of suicides and violence are needed to further reduce the life expectancy gap.

Wahlbeck, Kristian; Westman, Jeanette

2011-01-01

405

Mental health outcomes at the Jersey Shore after Hurricane Sandy.  

Science.gov (United States)

On October 29, 2012, Hurricane Sandy made landfall in the most densely populated region in the US. In New Jersey, thousands of families were made homeless and entire communities were destroyed in the worst disaster in the history of the state. The economic impact of Sandy was huge, comparable to Hurricane Katrina. The areas that sustained the most damage were the small- to medium-sized beach communities along New Jersey's Atlantic coastline. Six months following the hurricane, we conducted a random telephone survey of 200 adults residing in 18 beach communities located in Monmouth County. We found that 14.5% (95% CI = 9.9-20.2) of these residents screened positive for PTSD and 6.0% (95% CI = 3.1-10.2) met criteria for major depression. Altogether 13.5% (95% CI = 9.1-19.0) received mental health<