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Good Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

Home > Mental Health > Good mental health Mental Health This information in Spanish ( en español ) Good mental health Nutrition and mental health Exercise and mental health Sleep and mental health Stress ...

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What Is Mental Health?  

Science.gov (United States)

... Myths and Facts Recovery is Possible What Is Mental Health? Mental health includes our emotional, psychological, and social ... mental health problems and where to find help . Mental Health and Wellness Positive mental health allows people to: ...

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Adolescent Mental Health Facts  

Science.gov (United States)

... Forms & References Current Grantees Other Federal Funding Opportunities Mental Health Adolescent Health Topics Mental Health States Adolescent Mental Health Facts Click a state below to see its ...

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MAPping Los Angeles County: taking an evidence-informed model of mental health care to scale.  

Science.gov (United States)

We describe the scaling up of an evidence-informed model of care, Managing and Adapting Practice (MAP) in Los Angeles County, California. MAP complemented an array of evidence-based programs selected by the county as part of a large system reform effort designed to improve care for children and adolescents. In addition, we discuss the MAP model for training therapists and present data both on how the training model performed and on the outcomes of youths treated by therapists trained in MAP. We examined the success of two different training pathways for MAP therapists: (a) national training model and (b) MAP agency supervisor model (i.e., train the trainer). We also examined utilization of MAP and outcomes of clients served by MAP. Both the national training and MAP agency supervisor model were successful in producing MAP therapists in a timely fashion and with acceptable competency scores. Furthermore, a large number of clients were receiving MAP services. Finally, outcomes for youth treated with MAP were strong, with effect sizes ranging from .59 to .80 on the Youth Outcome Questionnaire. These data support the notion that scaling up a mental health services approach in a system can be achieved through a strong and broad partnership among relevant stakeholders, can involve a train-the-trainer model, and can result in strong outcomes for clients. PMID:24079613

Southam-Gerow, Michael A; Daleiden, Eric L; Chorpita, Bruce F; Bae, Christine; Mitchell, Cricket; Faye, Margaret; Alba, Michael

2014-01-01

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Menopause and Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... Menopause > Menopause and mental health Menopause Menopause and mental health Related information Mental health Depression fact sheet Anxiety ... Return to top More information on Menopause and mental health Explore other publications and websites A Guide to ...

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Women and Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... Home > Health & Education > Mental Health Information Women and Mental Health Mental illnesses affect women and men differently — some ... mail.nih.gov Share Science News About Women's Mental Health NIMH Twitter Chat on Postpartum Depression Bundling HIV ...

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Mental Health Conditions  

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Mental health conditions Most teens have a lot to deal with. Maybe your schoolwork is hard, or you ... Taking care of your mental health What are mental health disorders? top Mental health disorders are a group ...

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Children's Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

Children's Mental Health Why Is Children's Mental Health Important? Mental health — an essential part of children's overall health — has a complex interactive relationship with their physical health and their ability ...

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Mental Health for Men  

Science.gov (United States)

... Men's Health This information in Spanish ( en español ) Mental health for men More information on mental health for ... extremely effective. Return to top More information on Mental health for men Explore other publications and websites Attention ...

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Mental Health Services (Medicaid)  

Science.gov (United States)

... Program State Resources Affordable Care Act About Us Mental Health Services Medicaid is the single largest payer for ... services, states may offer mental health benefits through . Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act Medicaid Alternative Benefit ...

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Sleep and Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... and Mental Health Healthy Living Listen Sleep and Mental Health Article Body Sleep has become a casualty of ... MPH, FAAP Last Updated 5/1/2014 Source Mental Health, Naturally: The Family Guide to Holistic Care for ...

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Teen Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... or worthless could be warning signs of a mental health problem. Mental health problems are real, painful, and sometimes severe. You ... reckless things that could harm you or others Mental health problems can be treated. To find help, talk ...

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Children's Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... Media Policy Makers  National Center Homepage Children's Mental Health Language: English Español (Spanish) Children’s Mental Disorders: A ... problems can continue into adulthood. Public health includes mental health A new report from the Centers for Disease ...

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Mental Health and HIV  

Science.gov (United States)

... Enter ZIP code here Coping with HIV/AIDS: Mental Health for Veterans and the Public Mental Health and HIV: Entire Lesson Overview If you are ... deal with. Along with the physical illness are mental health conditions that may come up. Mental health refers ...

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Teens and Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... mental health problems in teens, and refer the teen to a mental health professional. Effective mental health interventions and a positive ... can. Make sure the teen gets help: • The teen’s parents • A mental health professional at school or in the community • A ...

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Mental Health Screening Center  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental Health Screening Center These online screening tools are not a substitute for consultation with a health professional. ... you have any concerns, see your doctor or mental health professional. Depression This screening form was developed from ...

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Women's Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

Women’s Mental Health What it means to you. About this booklet “Women’s mental health is critical to their overall health and to ... U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Good mental health is important to everyone. And because it is ...

18

Mental Health: Military  

Science.gov (United States)

... service abroad can also play a role in mental health issues, including anxiety , posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and substance abuse . In addition to these mental health issues, many soldiers have experienced traumatic brain injury ...

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Seniors (Mental Health)  

Science.gov (United States)

... Alzheimer’s disease or vascular dementia. Conclusion Having good mental health throughout life does not ensure immunity from severe ... The Joint Commission Let's Talk Facts Brochures Alzheimers Mental Health in Seniors Depression Healthy Minds TV - Depression Suicide ...

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Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... or more, see a counselor at your student health center right away: Sad mood Not enjoying things that you ... A-to-Z Index . ©2008-2013 Young Men's Health Boston Children's Hospital. All rights reserved. About Us Contact Us Disclaimer Privacy Policy ...

 
 
 
 
21

YOGA FOR MENTAL HEALTH  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Mental Health is a concept that refers to the psychological and emotional well being of a person. Being mentally healthy generally means that you are able to use your emotional capabilities to function well in society and go through everyday life with little or no difficulty. Some factors that can affect your mental health are your family life, social life, and life at work. Mental Health disorders are on the rise throughout the world. This result is anxieties, fears, depression, inferiority and similar emotions. Therefore, leaving the management of negative mental health is a most for all of us.

SHOBHA PRAMOD SHINDE

2013-02-01

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No health without mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

About 14% of the global burden of disease has been attributed to neuropsychiatric disorders, mostly due to the chronically disabling nature of depression and other common mental disorders, alcohol-use and substance-use disorders, and psychoses. Such estimates have drawn attention to the importance of mental disorders for public health. However, because they stress the separate contributions of mental and physical disorders to disability and mortality, they might have entrenched the alienation of mental health from mainstream efforts to improve health and reduce poverty. The burden of mental disorders is likely to have been underestimated because of inadequate appreciation of the connectedness between mental illness and other health conditions. Because these interactions are protean, there can be no health without mental health. Mental disorders increase risk for communicable and non-communicable diseases, and contribute to unintentional and intentional injury. Conversely, many health conditions increase the risk for mental disorder, and comorbidity complicates help-seeking, diagnosis, and treatment, and influences prognosis. Health services are not provided equitably to people with mental disorders, and the quality of care for both mental and physical health conditions for these people could be improved. We need to develop and evaluate psychosocial interventions that can be integrated into management of communicable and non-communicable diseases. Health-care systems should be strengthened to improve delivery of mental health care, by focusing on existing programmes and activities, such as those which address the prevention and treatment of HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria; gender-based violence; antenatal care; integrated management of childhood illnesses and child nutrition; and innovative management of chronic disease. An explicit mental health budget might need to be allocated for such activities. Mental health affects progress towards the achievement of several Millennium Development Goals, such as promotion of gender equality and empowerment of women, reduction of child mortality, improvement of maternal health, and reversal of the spread of HIV/AIDS. Mental health awareness needs to be integrated into all aspects of health and social policy, health-system planning, and delivery of primary and secondary general health care. PMID:17804063

Prince, Martin; Patel, Vikram; Saxena, Shekhar; Maj, Mario; Maselko, Joanna; Phillips, Michael R; Rahman, Atif

2007-09-01

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Older Adults and Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... Health & Education > Mental Health Information Older Adults and Mental Health Depression Depression is not a normal part of ... FOIA Accessibility Topic Finder The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) is part of the National Institutes of ...

24

Child and Adolescent Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... Health & Education > Mental Health Information Child and Adolescent Mental Health Publications Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents (Fact ... the Adolescent Brain? In recognition of National Children’s Mental Health Awareness Day on May 8, 2014, parents gathered ...

25

Children's Mental Health Surveillance  

Science.gov (United States)

Children’s Mental Health Surveillance National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities Division of Human Development and Disability What are ... gov CDC issues first comprehensive report on children’s mental health in the United States A new report from ...

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Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Audio by Topic NIMH Video September 14, 2011 Disasters and Mental Health Research Dr. Sandro Galea, a National Institute of Mental Health grantee, talks about disasters and mental health research. Download this video. Watch ...

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Mental Health Frequently Asked Questions  

Science.gov (United States)

... This Guide Home > Topics & States > Topics > Mental Health Mental Health Frequently Asked Questions How can I find and ... prevent suicides? How can I find and access mental health treatments and services? Your family doctor, social service ...

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Mental Health Care: Who's Who  

Science.gov (United States)

... Mental Health Care: Who's Who Healthy Living Listen Mental Health Care: Who's Who Article Body Psychiatrist: An M. ... degree in psychology, counseling or a related field. Mental Health Counselor: Master’s degree and several years of supervised ...

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Mental Health Issues & Down Syndrome  

Science.gov (United States)

... Mental Health Issues & Down Syndrome Mental Health Issues & Down Syndrome What Are the Major Mental Health Related Concerns in Persons With Down Syndrome? At least half of all children and adults ...

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Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... NIMH Video September 14, 2011 Disasters and Mental Health Research Dr. Sandro Galea, a National Institute of Mental Health grantee, talks about disasters and mental health research. ...

31

Ayurveda And Mental Health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The review article explains Ayurveda has its own identity as most ancient and traditional System of Medicine in India. Ayurveda is perfect balance of mind, body and soul as complete health in human beings. Ayurveda aims at preservation and promotion of heath, and prevention and cure of diseases through the concepts of positive physical and mental health. Ayurveda is good Management of mental health.

Balaji Deekshitulu P.V

2014-05-01

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COMMUNITY MENTAL HEALTH  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Twenty to twenty-five years ago, the Community Mental Health Center (CHMC, had scarcely been heard of. Today, it is indeed a movement, and apparently widespread. A total of ten services considered to be necessary to provide adequate mental health services: (1 in patient, (2 out-patient, (3 partial hospitalization, (4 emergency, (5 consultation, (6 diagn1ostic, (7 rehabilitative, (8 precare and aftercare, (9 training, (10 research and evaluation services. This Concept of Community Mental Health would include as many community agents as possible in co-operative efforts. To the average educated layman, and, unfortunately to most mental health practitioners the community mental health care has become synonymous with the provision of mere psycho-therapy. The community mental health center has not succeeded in becoming inductor of catalytic agent in the growth of its patients, nor has it become significantly involved with the community as a scrcla1 system. These are grim facts. But new hope has begun to appear. It is contained in four revolutions now under way – revolutions in understanding, in research, in nu1ternal and child care and in education for mental health.

M.H. Saheb-Zamani

1972-08-01

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Mental Health Matters  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental Health Matters is a collection of various mental health articles which cover topics such as psychological disorders and treatments for mental illnesses. The site is easy to navigate and users can choose from disorders, symptoms, medications, and treatments. Once a visitor chooses a subfield from the homepage, they are provided with another set of choices which contain more specific information on the various main topics. The site is also designed so that users can search by disorder or category to find the appropriate information to answer their queries.

2007-08-13

34

Mental Health and Asian Americans  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental Health and Asian Americans Suicide was the 10th leading cause of death for Asian Americans, and also ... found that 70% of Southeast Asian refugees receiving mental health care were diagnosed with PTSD. 3 For Asian ...

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Mental Health Treatment Program Locator  

Science.gov (United States)

... County or Zip By Name Other Links State Mental Health Agencies Frequently Asked Questions Links Comments or Questions ... a Facility in Your State To locate the mental health treatment programs nearest you, find your State on ...

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National Institute of Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... May 30, 2014 May is for Meetings and Mental Health May 9, 2014 More Multimedia Bruce Cuthbert, Ph. ... mission. View a list of current NIMH-IRP Mental Health Research Studies Read about joining a study Find ...

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Dystonia: Emotional and Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... Resources Frequently Asked Questions Faces of Dystonia Emotional & Mental Health Although dystonia is a movement disorder that impacts ... emotion as well as muscle movement. For years, mental health professionals have recognized that coping with a chronic ...

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Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Items) Mental Health Services Research (2 Items) Other Alzheimer's Disease (1 Item) Coping with Traumatic Events (2 Items) ... Items) Mental Health Services Research (2 Items) Other Alzheimer's Disease (1 Item) Coping with Traumatic Events (2 Items) ...

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Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Items) Mental Health Services Research (2 Items) Other Alzheimer's Disease (1 Item) Coping with Traumatic Events (2 ... Items) Mental Health Services Research (2 Items) Other Alzheimer's Disease (1 Item) Coping with Traumatic Events (2 ...

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Mental Health Among Nomads  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nomads mean “a member of a group of people who have no fixed home and move according to the seasons from place to place in search of food, water, and grazing land” The aim of the present investigation has been to know about “mental health among Nomads. Sample: The sample comprised of total Three hundred (N=300 Nomads from different places from Mysore district, out of which Hundred from sillekyatha (n=100 Dombidas Hundred (n=100 and hundred from Korma (100 out of Three hundred male (n=150 female (150. Tool: Mental Health Inventory by Dr. Jagadish and Dr. A.K, Srivastava (1983.This mental health inventory consist of 54 items, with six dimensions. Statistical method: Statistical method has been applied but greater reliance has been placed on statistical methods. These regarded as we used the test-mean, SD, t-test, ANOVA.Result: As a result it is found that there is significant difference in their mental health

Chandrakant Jamadar

2012-09-01

 
 
 
 
41

Media and Mental Health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Outlines some of the main issues and areas of debate at the first international Congress on Audio-Visual Communication and Mental Health, which was held in Helsinki in June 1983. The issues discussed include the connection between violent actions and violence on television and censorship. The declared congress objectives are listed. (Author/MBR)

Bruce, David

1983-01-01

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Cannabis use and mental health  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Cannabis use has been implicated as a risk factor for mental health problems, (subclinical) psychotic symptoms in particular. If cannabis use was a cause of these problems, cessation would lead to improved public mental health. If cannabis use was a mere consequence of a predisposition for mental health problems, cessation would not result in less problems. Prevention and intervention strategies aimed at a better public mental health would then do better to incorporate cannabis use in screeni...

Gastel, W.

2013-01-01

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The state of the art in European research on reducing social exclusion and stigma related to mental health: A systematic mapping of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Stigma and social exclusion related to mental health are of substantial public health importance for Europe. As part of ROAMER (ROAdmap for MEntal health Research in Europe), we used systematic mapping techniques to describe the current state of research on stigma and social exclusion across Europe. Findings demonstrate growing interest in this field between 2007 and 2012. Most studies were descriptive (60%), focused on adults of working age (60%) and were performed in Northwest Europe-primarily in the UK (32%), Finland (8%), Sweden (8%) and Germany (7%). In terms of mental health characteristics, the largest proportion of studies investigated general mental health (20%), common mental disorders (16%), schizophrenia (16%) or depression (14%). There is a paucity of research looking at mechanisms to reduce stigma and promote social inclusion, or at factors that might promote resilience or protect against stigma/social exclusion across the life course. Evidence is also limited in relation to evaluations of interventions. Increasing incentives for cross-country research collaborations, especially with new EU Member States and collaboration across European professional organizations and disciplines, could improve understanding of the range of underpinning social and cultural factors which promote inclusion or contribute toward lower levels of stigma, especially during times of hardship. PMID:24726533

Evans-Lacko, S; Courtin, E; Fiorillo, A; Knapp, M; Luciano, M; Park, A-L; Brunn, M; Byford, S; Chevreul, K; Forsman, A K; Gulacsi, L; Haro, J M; Kennelly, B; Knappe, S; Lai, T; Lasalvia, A; Miret, M; O'Sullivan, C; Obradors-Tarragó, C; Rüsch, N; Sartorius, N; Svab, V; van Weeghel, J; Van Audenhove, C; Wahlbeck, K; Zlati, A

2014-08-01

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Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity  

Science.gov (United States)

... Give your feedback today. Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity ... and services. How the Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act Works The Mental Health Parity and ...

45

Comparative Healthcare: Mental health.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available AbstractIn the fourth in this series of ‘comparative healthcare’ medical practitioners explore the approach to mentalillness in Bangladesh and the UK respectively. Differences and similarities in treatment regimens are illustratedwith reference to patients with varying degrees of mental illness. Mental illness poses the greatest challenge inhealth care as national investment in services often reflects cultural attitudes and norms. While the authorsdescribe very similar approaches to the diagnosis and management of severe psychotic illness there are strikingdifferences in the availability of support services for people with substance abuse and those with relapsingconditions. The involvement and co-operation of the family is particularly important in Bangladesh wherecomprehensive access to mental health services is very limited. Private alcohol and drug detoxification centresare available although many are expensive and such treatment may effectively be denied to all but the wealthiestpeople. In the UK all people with serious and enduring mental illness are entered onto a register and thereforeflagged for follow up at least once a year. General Practitioners, working within the nationally funded healthservice have been remunerated since 2003 for maintaining the register. In contrast in the absence of a casemanagementbased psychiatric follow-up framework in Bangladesh, a general practitioner and treatingpsychiatrist would need to formulate a management plan involving recognition of clinical warning signs by thefamily. Indeed the co-operation and support of the patient’s family is of paramount importance in maintainingoutpatient appointments when supporting people with mental health problems in Bangladesh. Finally weemphasise that the views expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect health policy orpractice in their respective countries. Nonetheless we believe they offer a valuable perspective on mental healthissues and commend the article to our readers.

Dr. Elizabeth Cottrell

2009-01-01

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Myths & Facts about Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... Myth: People with mental illnesses are violent and unpredictable. Fact: In reality, the vast majority of people who have mental health needs are no more violent than anyone else. You probably know someone with a mental illness and don't even realize it. Myth: Mental ...

47

Mental Health and Stress  

Science.gov (United States)

This project collects resources for studying mental health and stress issues with middle schoolers. Teens and stress Science NetLinks: The Laughing Brain 2: A Good Laugh Dealing with anger Stress-o-meter Look at each of the above sites. Choose one and read the content. Write a one-paragraph summary. Play interactive games and take quizzes. Keep a log of what you do. Tell which site you liked best and why. ...

Falconer, Mrs.

2007-03-18

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Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... mental health issues following September 11th? What has science learned in the wake of such trauma? Dr. ... component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. “NIH… Turning Discovery into Health” This page ...

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ASD, Employment and Mental Health  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Factsheet for HR Departments (and employers more generally). This leaflet is designed to help Human Resources departments understand Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and the impact of mental health on individuals with ASD in the workplace. It provides information on how HR can help, and 'Top Tips' to support employees with ASD & mental health difficulties.

Hill, Elisabeth L.; Dockery, Lisa; Perkins, David; Mcintosh, Barbara

2011-01-01

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Mental Health and African Americans  

Science.gov (United States)

Poverty level affects mental health status. African Americans living below the poverty level, as compared to those over twice the poverty level, are 3 ... compared to 120% of Non-Hispanic Whites. 1 MENTAL HEALTH STATUS: Serious psychological distress among adults 18 years ...

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Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available Error processing SSI file Home Video and Audio by Topic NIMH Video September 14, 2011 Disasters and Mental Health Research Dr. ... RSS Feeds Facebook Twitter YouTube Widget Error processing SSI file The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) ...

52

Sufism and mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Human experience in, health and disease, always has a spiritual dimension. pirituality is accepted as one of the defining determinants of health and it no more remains a sole preserve of religion and mysticism. In recent years, pirituality has been an area of research in neurosciences and both in the nderstanding of psychiatric morbidity and extending therapeutic interventions it seems to be full of promises. Sufism has been a prominent spiritual tradition in Islam deriving influences from major world religions, such as, Christianity and Hinduism and contributing substantially toward spiritual well-being of a large number of people within and outside Muslim world. Though Sufism started in early days of Islam and had many prominent Sufis, it is in the medieval period it achieved great height culminating in many Sufi orders and their major proponents. The Sufism aims communion with God through spiritual realization; soul being the agency of this communion, and propounding the God to be not only the cause of all existence but the only real existence. It may provide a vital link to understand the source of religious experience and its impact on mental health. PMID:23858257

Nizamie, S Haque; Katshu, Mohammad Zia Ul Haq; Uvais, N A

2013-01-01

53

Mental Health in the Hispanic / Latino Community  

Science.gov (United States)

Latino Mental Health Video: English View the Video in Spanish Cultural Issues Many Hispanics/ Latinos rely on their extended family, ... Latinos with mental illness often go without professional mental health treatment. At-Risk Groups Studies have shown that ...

54

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... NIMH funded researcher at New York City's Columbia University. Dr. Sandro Galea : So, the September 11th terrorist ... trains in England that one can stage a public mental health intervention where people are actually screened ...

55

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... More Video and Audio about: Mental Health Services Research NIMH Subscribe to RSS Feeds NIMH Video NIMH Audio Director’s Blog Recent Updates Bookmark & Share Newsletters RSS Feeds Facebook Twitter ...

56

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... lives together again. More Information about: NIMH More Video and Audio about: Mental Health Services Research NIMH Subscribe to RSS Feeds NIMH Video NIMH Audio Director’s Blog Recent Updates Bookmark & Share ...

57

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... mental health issues following September 11th? What has science learned in the wake of such trauma? Dr. ... exposed to traumatic events, whether man-made or natural disasters such as hurricanes, are at risk of ...

58

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... about: Mental Health Services Research NIMH Subscribe to RSS Feeds NIMH Video NIMH Audio Director’s Blog Recent Updates Bookmark & Share Newsletters RSS Feeds Facebook Twitter YouTube Widget Error processing SSI file ...

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The use of concept mapping to identify community-driven intervention strategies for physical and mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Research that partners with youth and community stakeholders increases contextual relevance and community buy-in and therefore maximizes the chance for intervention success. Concept mapping is a mixed-method participatory research process that accesses the input of the community in a collaborative manner. After a school-wide health needs assessment at a low-income, minority/immigrant K-8 school identified bullying and obesity as the most important health issues, concept mapping was used to identify and prioritize specific strategies to address these two areas. Stakeholders including 160 K-8 students, 33 college students working in the school, 35 parents, 20 academic partners, and 22 teachers/staff brainstormed strategies to reduce and prevent obesity and bullying. A smaller group of stakeholders worked individually to complete an unstructured sorting of these strategies into groups of similar ideas, once for obesity and again for bullying. Multidimensional scaling and cluster analysis was applied to the sorting data to produce a series of maps that illustrated the stakeholders' conceptual thinking about obesity and bullying prevention strategies. The maps for both obesity and bullying organized specific strategies into themes that included education, parental role, teacher/school supervision, youth role, expert/professional role, and school structure/support. PMID:23099661

Vaughn, Lisa M; Jacquez, Farrah; McLinden, Daniel

2013-09-01

60

Social ties and mental health  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

It is generally agreed that social ties play a beneficial role in the maintenance of psychological well-being. In this targeted review, we highlight four sets of insights that emerge from the literature on social ties and mental health outcomes (defined as stress reactions, psychological well-being, and psychological distress, including depressive symptoms and anxiety). First, the pathways by which social networks and social supports influence mental health can be described by two alternative...

Kawachi, Ichiro; Berkman, Lisa F.

2001-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Public Health Surveillance for Mental Health  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Public health systems have relied on public health surveillance to plan health programs, and extensive surveillance systems exist for health behaviors and chronic disease. Mental health has used a separate data collection system that emphasizes measurement of disease prevalence and health care use. In recent years, efforts to integrate these systems have included adding chronic disease measures to the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys and depression measures to the Behavioral Ris...

Colpe, Lisa J.; Freeman, Elsie J.; Strine, Tara W.; Dhingra, Satvinder; Mcguire, Lisa C.; Elam-evans, Laurie D.; Perry, Geraldine S.

2010-01-01

62

Integrating physical and mental health promotion strategies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

While health is defined as ‘a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being’, physical and mental health have traditionally been separated. This paper explores the question: How can physical and mental health promotion strategies be integrated and addressed simultaneously? A literature review on why physical and mental health are separated and why these two areas need to be integrated was conducted. A conceptual framework for how to integrate physical and mental health promotio...

Palma, Jessica Anne

2010-01-01

63

Mental health problems in health professionals  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: For the vast majority of nurses and doctors, the choice of their profession, represents a successful career, even though this isn’t a fact for everyone. For some of them reflects a journey into despair. A significant number of doctors and nurses, suffers from serious mental illness.Materials and Methods: It is conducted literature review of published journals from scientific databases such as Medline, Pub Med, Scholar Google, for the period 1985-2010, using keywords and combination of them: "health professionals", "psychiatric morbidity", "effects of stress on mental health "," mental disorders " Literature Review: There are researches in population health professionals, more often to doctors and nurses / only three, referred to mental illnesses mainly burnout, depression, anxiety disorders, alcoholism, and suicide and the effect thereof on the quality of life. Total of 215 studies were found and 48 of the were reviewed for this study.Conclusions: It is obvious from the literature, that mental health problems of the health professionals are not treated promptly or with the appropriate efficiency. The reasons associated with the stigma of mental illness by illness, the subsequent denial, the misconceived professional solidarity, culture of " medical omnipotence " for physicians. ?he timeless trend of occupational health and diagnoses to self treated their health problems , even if the knowledge on specific issues are almost non-existent.

Koinis Ar.

2014-03-01

64

Mental health system in Saudi Arabia: an overview  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Naseem Akhtar Qureshi,1 Abdulhameed Abdullah Al-Habeeb,2 Harold G Koenig3 1General Administration for Research and Studies, 2Mental Health and Social Services, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 3Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA Background: There is evidence that mapping mental health systems (MHSs helps in planning and developing mental health care services for users, families, and other caregivers. The General Administration of Mental Health and Social Services of the Ministry of Health over the past 4 years has sought to streamline the delivery of mental health care services to health consumers in Saudi Arabia. Objective: We overview here the outcome of a survey that assessed the Saudi MHS and suggest strategic steps for its further improvement. Method: The World Health Organization Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems was used systematically to collect information on the Saudi MHS in 2009–2010, 4 years after a baseline assessment. Results: Several mental health care milestones, especially provision of inpatient mental health services supported by a ratified Mental Health Act, were achieved during this period. However, community mental health care services are needed to match international trends evident in developed countries. Similarly, a larger well-trained mental health workforce is needed at all levels to meet the ever-increasing demand of Saudi society. Conclusion: This updated MHS information, discussed in light of international data, will help guide further development of the MHS in Saudi Arabia in the future, and other countries in the Eastern Mediterranean region may also benefit from Saudi experience. Keywords: Saudi Arabia, mental health system, organization, legal issues, research, training

Qureshi NA

2013-08-01

65

Leadership and mental health nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

This discussion paper argues for the critical importance of successful leadership for effective mental health nursing, observing that nursing leadership has long been regarded problematically by the profession. Using empirical and theoretical evidence we debate what leadership styles and strategies are most likely to result in effective, recovery-orientated mental health nursing. Models of transformational and distributed leadership are found to be highly congruent with mental health nursing values, yet the literature suggests it is a type of leadership more often desired than experienced. We note how the scholarly literature tends to ignore the "elephant in the room" that is organizational power, and we question whether transformational leadership pursued within a specific clinical context can influence beyond those confines. Nevertheless it is within these contexts that consumers experience nursing, effective or otherwise, thus we should advocate what is known about effective leadership wherever it is required. PMID:21932925

Cleary, Michelle; Horsfall, Jan; Deacon, Maureen; Jackson, Debra

2011-01-01

66

Physiotherapy students’ mental health assessment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Educational environment has a serious impact on students’ mental health. Few data are available on mental health of Physiotherapy students. Aim: The purpose of this study was to assess the mental heath of students in a tertiary Physiotherapy Department during the 3rd years of studies. Material and methods: 80 males and females physiotherapy students of the 5th and 6th semester of a tertiary Physiotherapy Department filled in the GHQ-28 questionnaire. Comparisons between groups were performed using the non parametric Mann-Whitney-U test at significance level of p=0.05. Results: Physiotherapy students’ mean age was 21.77±2.42 years old. The majority of the sample were women (47 participants, 58.7%. 50% of students had a total GHQ -28 score >5, indicating high levels of distress, with anxiety and insomnia being major problems. No statistically significant differences were traced between men and women, although women had a higher total score in comparison with men (median values: 5 vs 3 respectively. Conclusions: Physiotherapy students’ mental health and especially female physiotherapy students’ mental health appears substantially burdened. Anxiety and insomnia are major problem for students of Physiotherapy.

Gesouli-Voltyraki –E.

2012-04-01

67

Relationship of community integration of persons with severe mental illness and mental health service intensity.  

Science.gov (United States)

OBJECTIVE Community integration is integral to recovery for individuals with severe mental illness. This study explored the integration of individuals with severe mental illness into mental health and non-mental health communities and associations with mental health service intensity. METHODS Thirty-three ethnically diverse participants with severe mental illness were categorized in high-intensity (N=18) or low-intensity (N=15) mental health service groups. Community integration was assessed with measures of involvement in community activities, social capital resources, social support, social network maps, and subjective integration. RESULTS Although participants rated themselves as being more integrated into the mental health community, their social networks and social capital were primarily derived from the non-mental health community. The high-intensity group had a higher proportion of members from the mental health community in their networks and had less overall social capital resources than the low-intensity group. CONCLUSIONS The findings suggest opportunities and possible incongruities in the experience of community integration. PMID:24733579

Pahwa, Rohini; Bromley, Elizabeth; Brekke, Benjamin; Gabrielian, Sonya; Braslow, Joel T; Brekke, John S

2014-06-01

68

Stigmatization and mental health  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Stigmatizasyon represent a chronic negative interaction with the environment that most of people with a of diagnosis mental disorders. Different types of stigma may have harmful effects. Poor psychological well being, poor quality of life and poor self esteem are related stigmatization. In this article, definition and mechanism of stigmatization, influenced factors and consequences of stigmatization are reviewed. Stigmatization is a modifiable environmental risk factor. Integrating approaches...

Gulsum Ozge Doganavsargil Baysal

2013-01-01

69

Finding Low-Cost Mental Health Care  

Science.gov (United States)

KidsHealth > Teens > Mind > Mental Health > Finding Low-Cost Mental Health Care Print A A A Text Size What's in this article? (click to view) ... a lot of stress or dealing with a mental health issue and you don't have the money ...

70

Childhood and Adolescence: Challenges in Mental Health  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Mental health is an integral and essential component of health. The World Health Organization (WHO) constitution states: “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” More than 450 million people suffer from mental disorders worldwide. In India, mental health services, especially for children and adolescents, are limited both in terms of number of facilities as well as trained professionals. The majority of menta...

Shrivastava, Saurabh Rambiharilal; Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh; Ramasamy, Jegadeesh

2013-01-01

71

Mental Health in High-Tech System  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Stress and mental health at the place of work have received great attention by researchers. In spite of technology improvement in high-tech systems, the operators face new problems, which can affect mental health. There is hardly any published research about stress or mental health in such workplaces in developing countries. This paper presents the application of the self-rating scale General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) to study mental health of 160 controllers working in a part of Air Traf...

Sh Arghami; Nasl Seraji, J.; Mohammad, K.; Gh Zamani; Farhangi, A.; Vuuren, W.

2005-01-01

72

Mental Health Service Delivery Systems and Perceived Qualifications of Mental Health Service Providers in School Settings  

Science.gov (United States)

Latest research on the mental health status of children indicates that schools are key providers of mental health services (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2003). The push for school mental health services has only increased as stakeholders have begun to recognize the significance of sound mental health as an essential part of…

Dixon, Decia Nicole

2009-01-01

73

Stigmatization and mental health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Stigmatizasyon represent a chronic negative interaction with the environment that most of people with a of diagnosis mental disorders. Different types of stigma may have harmful effects. Poor psychological well being, poor quality of life and poor self esteem are related stigmatization. In this article, definition and mechanism of stigmatization, influenced factors and consequences of stigmatization are reviewed. Stigmatization is a modifiable environmental risk factor. Integrating approaches against stigma in treatment may represent cost-effective way to reduce the risk of relapse and poor outcome occasioned by chronic exposure to stigma. [Archives Medical Review Journal 2013; 22(2.000: 239-251

Gulsum Ozge Doganavsargil Baysal

2013-04-01

74

Mental Health Challenges for Returning Military Veterans  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... the fight. Same thing occurs with mental health injuries. We’ve got to get to that point where we know that mental health injuries are just as rough as the physical injuries ...

75

Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act  

Science.gov (United States)

... Engagement Training Resources The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act Contents Introduction Summary of MHPAEA Protections ... Wellstone and Pete Domenici Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008 (MHPAEA) is a federal ...

76

Mental Health Challenges for Returning Military Veterans  

Science.gov (United States)

... of those returning veterans come home with unique mental health challenges: a topic of discussion between NIMH Director ... Sergeant Bowers sat down with National Institute of Mental Health Director Doctor Thomas Insel to talk about struggles ...

77

Mental Health Challenges for Returning Military Veterans  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... those returning veterans come home with unique mental health challenges: a topic of discussion between NIMH Director ... Bowers sat down with National Institute of Mental Health Director Doctor Thomas Insel to talk about struggles ...

78

MedlinePlus: Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

MedLinePlus is a joint collaboration between the U.S. National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health which has received strong marks during the past few years for providing high-quality health-related materials to the Web-browsing public. This particular area of the MedLinePlus site is devoted to providing materials about mental health. Here visitors can learn about various related topics by browsing through the top-level sections that include Alternative Therapy, Coping, and Nutrition. Within each area, visitors will be directed to links provided by a host of sources, including the Mayo Foundation, the Surgeon General, the American Psychiatric Association, and a number of other reputable institutions. The News section is also a fine way to keep abreast of recent developments in the field of mental health, as it culls news releases from some of the major international press agencies.

79

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... hard to imagine that anyone who witnessed those events or watched as the news unfolded wasn't affected in some manner. But what about those who were left with deep, internal scars- mental health issues ... were the first large scale event in the United States that resulted in a ...

80

Mental Health in Schools.  

Science.gov (United States)

There is no component of the school program that has as its declared objective the enhancement of the health and quality of life of the child, the elimination of health problems that impede learning, and the prevention of disease and illness. The author finds this situation objectionable. (MM)

Jerrick, Stephen J.

1978-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Cannabis Use and Mental Health Problems  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper investigates whether cannabis use leads to worse mental health. To do so, we account for common unobserved factors affecting mental health and cannabis consumption by modeling mental health jointly with the dynamics of cannabis use. Our main finding is that using cannabis increases the likelihood of mental health problems, with current use having a larger effect than past use. The estimates suggest a dose response relationship between the frequency of recent cannabis use and the pr...

Ours, J. C.; Williams, J.

2009-01-01

82

Sufism and mental health  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Human experience in, health and disease, always has a spiritual dimension. pirituality is accepted as one of the defining determinants of health and it no more remains a sole preserve of religion and mysticism. In recent years, pirituality has been an area of research in neurosciences and both in the nderstanding of psychiatric morbidity and extending therapeutic interventions it seems to be full of promises. Sufism has been a prominent spiritual tradition in Islam deriving influences from ma...

2013-01-01

83

Transforming the Nation's Health: next steps in mental health promotion.  

Science.gov (United States)

The National Research Council and the Institute of Medicine have called for making the healthy mental, emotional, and behavioral development of young people a national priority. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) in the US Department of Health and Human Services is uniquely positioned to help develop national mental health policies that promote mental health and prevent mental illnesses. In this article I describe the role of mental health in overall health, I make the case for a public health approach to mental health promotion and mental illness prevention, and I outline a strategy to promote individual, family, and community resilience. I also describe how SAMHSA works to achieve these goals. Ultimately, true health reform will not succeed without a comprehensive, committed focus on the mental health needs of all Americans. PMID:20966366

Power, A Kathryn

2010-12-01

84

Contemporary perspectives on spirituality and mental health  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper strives to elucidate the complex yet intimate relation between spirituality and mental health from contemporary perspectives. The diverse and constantly evolving views that spiritualists and mental health professionals have held toward each other over last century are discussed with special accent on the transpersonal spiritual framework within psychology. The role of spirituality in promoting mental health and alleviating mental illness is highlighted. The paper is concluded with a...

Sharma Pulkit; Charak Ruby; Sharma Vibha

2009-01-01

85

Health Problems of Mentally Disabled Individuals  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Mentally disabled individuals are at risk of health problems. In fact, health problems are more frequent in mentally disabled individuals than in the general population and mentally disabled individuals less frequently use health care facilities. It has been shown that mentally disabled individuals frequently have nutritional problems. They may suffer from low weight, malnutrition, high weight, pica, iron and zinc deficiencies and absorption and eating disorders. Activities can be limited due...

Hatice Yildirim Sari

2010-01-01

86

Issues in consumer mental health information.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Consumer health information as applied to mental health includes areas such as the diagnosis, management, and treatment of mental illness, as well as self-help, emotional wellness, and the relationship between life events, stress, and disease. This paper presents issues specific to the provision of mental health information to the layperson, e.g., confidentiality, literacy, competence, the social stigma of mental illness, the state of the art in psychiatry, popular psychology, and treatment f...

Angier, J. J.

1984-01-01

87

Contemporary Perspectives on Spirituality and Mental Health  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper strives to elucidate the complex yet intimate relation between spirituality and mental health from contemporary perspectives. The diverse and constantly evolving views that spiritualists and mental health professionals have held toward each other over last century are discussed with special accent on the transpersonal spiritual framework within psychology. The role of spirituality in promoting mental health and alleviating mental illness is highlighted. The paper is concluded with a...

Sharma Pulkit; Charak Ruby; Sharma Vibha

2009-01-01

88

Public health surveillance for mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Public health systems have relied on public health surveillance to plan health programs, and extensive surveillance systems exist for health behaviors and chronic disease. Mental health has used a separate data collection system that emphasizes measurement of disease prevalence and health care use. In recent years, efforts to integrate these systems have included adding chronic disease measures to the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys and depression measures to the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System; other data collection systems have been similarly enhanced. Ongoing challenges to integration include variations in interview protocols, use of different measures of behavior and disease, different interval reference periods, inclusion of substance abuse disorders, dichotomous vs continuous variables, and approaches to data collection. Future directions can address linking surveillance efforts more closely to the needs of state programs, increasing child health measurements in surveys, and improving knowledge dissemination from survey analyses. PMID:20040232

Freeman, Elsie J; Colpe, Lisa J; Strine, Tara W; Dhingra, Satvinder; McGuire, Lisa C; Elam-Evans, Laurie D; Perry, Geraldine S

2010-01-01

89

Defendants with Intellectual Disabilities and Mental Health Diagnoses: Faring in a Mental Health Court  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Begun in the late 1990s, mental health courts are specialty criminal courts developed to address the needs of persons with mental illness. Methods: As many persons with intellectual disabilities (IDs) may overlap in the mental health court system, we used mental health court records to examine the phenomenology and outcomes of 224…

Burke, M. M.; Griggs, M.; Dykens, E. M.; Hodapp, R. M.

2012-01-01

90

Why focus on mental health systems?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract The global situation for people with mental illness – in developing and developed countries – is dire. Legislative and human rights protections are frequently lacking. Mental health budgets are inadequate. There are insufficient numbers of skilled policy makers, managers and clinicians. Communities are poorly informed about mental health and illness and not well organised for purposes of advocacy. In most of the world, mental health services are inaccessible or of poor quality. Most people who would benefit from psychiatric treatment and rehabilitation do not have affordable access to such services. Leadership – at all levels – for mental health system development needs to be greatly strengthened. While mental health research attention and funds are devoted predominantly to neuroscience and clinical research, we believe that the highest global mental health research priority is mental health systems research. There is an urgent need to focus on the development of effective, appropriate, affordable mental health services. The evidence base for such development is currently weak. The International Journal of Mental Health Systems aims to stimulate greater attention to the central importance of building functioning mental health systems. Rapid publication and global reach through open access will make this journal a resource for all those who wish to contribute to such development.

Minas Harry

2007-08-01

91

African American Community Mental Health Fact Sheet  

Science.gov (United States)

... health issues and resources and decrease the related stigma. • Programs that improve enrollment rates in safety net ... differences in medication metabolization rates, unique views of mental illness and propensity towards experiencing certain mental illnesses, can ...

92

Deconstructing stigma in mental health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In most articles about Stigma in Mental Health Stigma is oftenoverlooked role of professionals and stigmatizing process known as therapeutic protocol. These processes governed by institutional logics end resulting in most cases the chief cause in stigma, enthroned as the patients in a double role and identity as chronically ill patient; object of study, ultimately undermining the capacity of subjects to reconstruct their identity outside of that sick double identity. From the living experience as a person diagnosed to have suffered the vagaries of madness and perversion in a health system that has come to industrialize mental suffering, this article seeks to deconstruct the main dynamics that build social and institutional image of people with Mental problems. In contrast, using the example of the Socio-cultural Association Radio Nicosia and its ability to generate instances when possibilities for being, being and saying out of all clinical scope in what is on many occasions the identity and re-structuring of the discourse itself through constant work in media and artistic-political interventions, collectively engaged with and from the community, in the most ordinary common-vindicate community another way to understand suffering, naturalizing in the public sphere.

Raúl Velasco

2013-05-01

93

Decentralisation of Mental Health Services under DMHP  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Bellary model of district mental health programme(DMHP) has been adopted by the government of India under the national mental health programme with the primary aim of making mental health care accessible to all by setting up psychiatric services in peripheral areas, training primary health care personnel and involving the community in promotion of mental health care. The DMHP was set up in Chandigarh in a 50 bedded Civil Hospital in a suburb of Chandigarh.This study aims to present the so...

2003-01-01

94

Promoting and Protecting Mental Health as Flourishing: A Complementary Strategy for Improving National Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

This article summarizes the conception and diagnosis of the mental health continuum, the findings supporting the two continua model of mental health and illness, and the benefits of flourishing to individuals and society. Completely mentally healthy adults--individuals free of a 12-month mental disorder and flourishing--reported the fewest missed…

Keyes, Corey L. M.

2007-01-01

95

"Naciones unidas para la salud mental" / Nations for Mental Health  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english The World Health Organization has established a special program called Nations for Mental Health to promote mental health in underserved populations, with special emphasis on women, children, adolescents, refugees, and indigenous populations. One of the program's objectives is to stimulate greater p [...] ublic and governmental awareness of the social and economic cost of mental illness and substance abuse. A second objective is to identify and promote collaborative strategies for improving mental health that can be implemented through country-level technical cooperation projects by organizations of the United Nations system, in cooperation with other international governmental and nongovernmental organizations. A number of demonstration projects are already under way and others are planned.

96

Participación y redes de cuidado entre usuarios de servicios de salud mental en el nordeste brasileño: mapeando dispositivos de reinserción social / Participation and networks of care among users of mental health services in northeast Brazil: mapping arrangements social reintegration  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Esta investigación tiene como objetivo mapear estrategias de soporte social y de organización político-social involucrando a usuarios, familiares y profesionales de servicios de salud mental en la región nordeste del Brasil. Realizamos una búsqueda activa de líderes y profesionales, además de una in [...] vestigación bibliográfica y consulta de documentos. Identificamos 8 asociaciones, las cuales fueron caracterizadas en cuanto a su composición, tiempo de fundación, fuentes de financiación, actividades desarrolladas, nivel de formalización y relación con las propuestas de la reforma. El estudio deja en evidencia que estas iniciativas son una estrategia importante de participación política, que han contribuido para ampliar el debate sobre la reforma psiquiátrica y que enfrentan dificultades financieras y de organización, como también de la adhesión de nuevos participantes. Abstract in english This research aimed to map out strategies to support social and political-social organization involving users, families and professionals of mental health services in the region northeast Brazil. We conducted an active search for leaders and professionals as well as bibliographic research, consultat [...] ion documents and publicity material. We identified 08 associations located in cities large and medium-sized, which were characterized as to its composition, time of foundation, sources of financial support, activities, level of formalization and relationship with the proposals for reform. The study shows that these initiatives are an important strategy of political participation and have contributed to widening the debate on the reform of psychiatry, but face financial, organizational and accession of new participants.

Dimenstein, Magda; Arraes Amorim, Ana Karenina; de Carvalho Araújo, Allana; Leite de Figueiredo Sales, André Luis; Vieira de Almeida, Clarisse; Siqueira de Almeida, Kamila.

97

New Developments in Mental Health and Community  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The community mental health model implies a bio?psycho?social perspective of mental health/illness issues, as well as a set of values that advocate equity in service access, community treatment, respect for human rights, a recovery vision, promotion of independent living, social integration and user and family participation. In accordance with the priorities set by the European Union, mental health services must guarantee that these principles are applied in the prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and promotion of mental health. Inter?sector cooperation is an essential part of developing transversal policies that ensure society’s involvement in mental health promotion. Advances in community mental health in? dicate the relevance of considering human rights both in policy development and in practice, of the recovery perspective and of the need to promote the participation of user and carer organizations.

Isabel Fazenda

2014-06-01

98

Childhood and adolescence: challenges in mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental health is an integral and essential component of health. The World Health Organization (WHO) constitution states: "Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." More than 450 million people suffer from mental disorders worldwide. In India, mental health services, especially for children and adolescents, are limited both in terms of number of facilities as well as trained professionals. The majority of mental health services are restricted to urban areas, that is, medical colleges or regional mental health institutes. Mere presence of a treatment facility does not guarantee that all children/adolescents suffering from mental illness will utilize such services. In fact, most of the time there is a significant delay from the patient side in accessing mental health services either because of lack of awareness or associated stigma. It is high time to promote positive mental health in children, adolescents and their parents through health education. Parental counseling is of utmost importance in order to avoid the delay in treatment seeking. PMID:23667353

Shrivastava, Saurabh Rambiharilal; Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh; Ramasamy, Jegadeesh

2013-05-01

99

Mental Health Promotion among Nursing Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Problem statement: In the literature, there is no consensus over what constitutes an appropriate model for mental health promotion among nursing students in Thailand. Approach: This quasi-experimental research was conducted to evaluate the effects of mental health promotion intervention. Several activities in this intervention were created for promoting sense of coherence which focused on the manipulation of both internal and external factors that effect mental health. Result...

Choochart Deeromram; Amorn Suwannimitr; Suwadee Jundeekrayom

2010-01-01

100

The nature of mental health nurses' knowledge  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

There is a need to develop a clear understanding of the knowledge used by mental health nurses in day to day practice. Knowledge relating to holistic/therapeutic activities form the basis of mental health nurse education, however various studies have consistently shown the majority of mental health nurses activity relates to administrative and routine tasks and containment. This disparity between the knowledge bases prescribed, those described and the inability of education reforms to resolve...

2002-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Alternative interventions for young men's mental health  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The main aim of this thesis was to explore the effectiveness and acceptability of alternative interventions for facilitating help-seeking and improving the mental health of young adult males. Based on recommendations for innovative ways to develop interventions that facilitate mental health help-seeking specific to men (Addis & Mahalik, 2003), the interventions employed in this thesis integrate exercise and psychotherapeutic strategies, and make use of sport as a vehicle for mental health pr...

Mcgale, Nadine

2011-01-01

102

Mental Health among Pre- University College Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The major aim of the present study was to study the mental health among preuniversitycollege students. The sample consists of 200 (100 Boys and females preuniversitycollege students chosen from Gulbarga district Karnataka on whom the Mentalhealth inventory was administered. After scoring the data were subjected to t-test. Theresults revealed that there is significant difference in mental health between the Rural andUrban college students and there is significant difference in mental health between thescience and arts college students. The study also revealed significant gender differencesin the mental health.

MALLIKARJUN H.KRISHNAKAR

2013-08-01

103

EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND MENTAL HEALTH IN ADOLESCENTS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The major aim of the present study was to assess the Emotional intelligence and mental health in adolescents. The sample of 100 (50 Boys and 50 Girls students was chosen from Gulbarga district on whom the Emotional intelligence and Mental Health Scales were administered. After scoring, the data were subjected to t – test. The results revealed that there is significant difference in Mental Health of the sample subgroups. The study also revealed significant gender differences in the amount of mental health.

MALLIKARJUN H.KRISHNAKAR

2012-11-01

104

Mental Health Services in Head Start  

Science.gov (United States)

This dialog suggests that mental health services in Head Start should be more broadly defined than they currently are in many programs. Specifically, these services should emphasize the important role prevention (e.g., prereferral/identification) plays in promoting mental wellness. Additionally, this dialog briefly addresses the role of the mental

Frey, Andy

2008-01-01

105

International Observatory on Mental Health Systems: a mental health research and development network  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background While the mental health situation for most people in low and middle-income countries is unsatisfactory, there is a renewed commitment to focus attention on the mental health of populations and on the scaling up of mental health services that have the capacity to respond to mental health service needs. There is general agreement that scaling up activities must be evidence-based and that the effectiveness of such activities must be evaluated. If these requir...

Minas Harry

2009-01-01

106

Dual-Factor Model of Mental Health: Surpass the Traditional Mental Health Model  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Aiming at the limitations of traditional mental health model, the dual-factor model of mental health (DFM) was proposed as a new idea under the background of positive psychology trend. According to the DFM, mental health is a complete state; subjective well-being should be included into the mental health evaluation system as a positive indictor; in terms of prevention and intervention, the DFM asserted that the decrease of symptoms is only the first step of intervention, and the improvement o...

Xinqiang Wang; Dajun Zhang; Jinliang Wang

2011-01-01

107

Promoting mental health as an essential aspect of health promotion.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper advocates that mental health promotion receive appropriate attention within health promotion. It is of great concern that, in practice, mental health promotion is frequently overlooked in health promotion programmes although the WHO definitions of health and the Ottawa Charter describe mental health as an integral part of health. It is suggested that more attention be given to addressing the determinants of mental health in terms of protective and risk factors for both physical and mental conditions, particularly in developing countries. Examples of evidence-based mental health programmes operating in widely diverse settings are presented to demonstrate that well designed interventions can contribute to the well-being of populations. It is advocated that particular attention be given to the intersectorial cooperation needed for this work. PMID:17307955

Sturgeon, Shona

2006-12-01

108

Mental health first aid programme in Nepal.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental Health First Aid is a relatively new concept conceived in Australia about 10 years ago and by 2010 it has spread to 15 other countries including Nepal. It is designed to deal with mental health emergencies as well as to help people with developing mental health problems to get to appropriate help before a crisis occurs. This programme was launched in Kathmandu by SAF-Nepal in November 2010 when the Australian experts ran a workshop for over 22 delegates from various mental health organisations. The MHFA Nepal course is being evaluated and adapted to suit Nepalese context. New conditions including hysteria and epilepsy have been added in the Nepalese version. The programme is expected to raise mental health awareness and reduce stigmatising attitudes amongst the selected members of the general public and health professionals. PMID:23281463

Jha, A; Kitchener, B A; Pradhan, P K; Shyangwa, P; Nakarmi, B

2012-09-01

109

Refugee children: mental health and effective interventions.  

Science.gov (United States)

The mental health consequences of war and other forms of organized violence for children represent a serious global public health issue. Much of the research on the mental health of war-affected civilians has focused on refugees who have sought asylum in high-income countries and face the dual stress of a traumatic past and resettlement. This review will focus on the mental health of refugee children who have fled war as well as interventions to both prevent and treat adverse mental health outcomes. While war can have devastating mental health consequences, children raised in the midst of armed conflict also display resilience. Effective interventions for refugee children will be discussed both in terms of prevention and treatment of psychopathology, with a focus on recent developments in the field. PMID:23307563

Pacione, Laura; Measham, Toby; Rousseau, Cécile

2013-02-01

110

Mental Health Manpower and the Psychiatric Technician.  

Science.gov (United States)

Dynamic changes are taking place in the field of mental health care which have a great effect on those people who provide the primary services of patient care, rehabilitation, and training. In recognition of these changes, the National Association of Psychiatric Technology selected "Mental Health Manpower and the Psychiatric Technician" as the…

National Association of Psychiatric Technology, Sacramento, CA.

111

42 CFR 410.155 - Outpatient mental health treatment limitation.  

Science.gov (United States)

... 2010-10-01 false Outpatient mental health treatment limitation...Benefits § 410.155 Outpatient mental health treatment limitation...by a physician. (iv) Psychiatric diagnostic services billed...patient liability amounts for outpatient mental health services...

2010-10-01

112

Psychometric properties of a Mental Health Team Development Audit Tool.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

To assist in improving team working in Community Mental Health Teams (CMHTs), the Mental Health Commission formulated a user-friendly but yet-to-be validated 25-item Mental Health Team Development Audit Tool (MHDAT).

Roncalli, Silvia

2013-02-01

113

Mental health policy in Eastern Europe: a comparative analysis of seven mental health systems  

Science.gov (United States)

Background The objective of this international comparative study is to describe and compare the mental health policies in seven countries of Eastern Europe that share their common communist history: Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania, and Slovakia. Methods The health policy questionnaire was developed and the country-specific information was gathered by local experts. The questionnaire includes both qualitative and quantitative information on various aspects of mental health policy: (1) basic country information (demography, health, and economic indicators), (2) health care financing, (3) mental health services (capacities and utilisation, ownership), (4) health service purchasing (purchasing organisations, contracting, reimbursement of services), and (5) mental health policy (policy documents, legislation, civic society). Results The social and economic transition in the 1990s initiated the process of new mental health policy formulation, adoption of mental health legislation stressing human rights of patients, and a strong call for a pragmatic balance of community and hospital services. In contrast to the development in the Western Europe, the civic society was suppressed and NGOs and similar organizations were practically non-existent or under governmental control. Mental health services are financed from the public health insurance as any other health services. There is no separate budget for mental health. We can observe that the know-how about modern mental health care and about direction of needed reforms is available in documents, policies and programmes. However, this does not mean real implementation. Conclusions The burden of totalitarian history still influences many areas of social and economic life, which also has to be taken into account in mental health policy. We may observe that after twenty years of health reforms and reforms of health reforms, the transition of the mental health systems still continues. In spite of many reform efforts in the past, a balance of community and hospital mental health services has not been achieved in this part of the world yet.

2014-01-01

114

Managed Mental Health Care: Intentional Misdiagnosis of Mental Disorders  

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In this article, the authors provide an overview of the effectiveness of managed health care systems and their impact on mental health counselors. They review ethical and legal dilemmas involving informed consent, confidentiality, client autonomy, competence, treatment plans, and termination that had not existed prior to the introduction of…

Braun, Sharon A.; Cox, Jane A.

2005-01-01

115

Stigma and Mental Illness: Investigating Attitudes of Mental Health and Non-Mental-Health Professionals and Trainees  

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The authors explored attitudes toward adults with mental illness. Results suggest that mental health trainees and professionals had less stigmatizing attitudes than did non-mental-health trainees and professionals. Professionals receiving supervision had higher mean scores on the Benevolence subscale than did professionals who were not receiving…

Smith, Allison L.; Cashwell, Craig S.

2010-01-01

116

Mental health research in Brazil: policies, infrastructure, financing and human resources A pesquisa em saúde mental no Brasil: políticas, infra-estrutura, financiamento e recursos humanos  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objective of this descriptive study was to map mental health research in Brazil, providing an overview of infrastructure, financing and policies mental health research. As part of the Atlas-Research Project, a WHO initiative to map mental health research in selected low and middle-income countries, this study was carried out between 1998 and 2002. Data collection strategies included evaluation of governmental documents and sites and questionnaires sent to key professionals for providing i...

Jair de Jesus Mari; Bressan, Rodrigo A.; Naomar Almeida-Filho; Jerônimo Gerolin; Pratap Sharan; Shekhar Saxena

2006-01-01

117

Relationship between mental health and marital satisfaction  

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Full Text Available Background: Marital satisfaction is an important component of the marriage. Mental health as a component of the personal characteristic also related with marital satisfaction. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between mental health and marital satisfaction of couples.Methods: Three hundred couples from high-risk area of Gorgan – North of Iran were selected. Association between men's and women’s mental health level was measured using General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28. Marital satisfaction measured by Enrich Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire among married couples. Data was analyzed using multiple regression and analysis of variance modelling.Results: Results indicated that marital satisfaction was predicted by the person’s mental health level. Findings also showed that depression and anxiety were significantly associated with marital satisfaction. 52.5% of studied individuals had mental disorders at the clinical level (p?0/05. Marital satisfaction in this population was 51.7%. Conclusions: The study confirmed that mental health is an important predictor of marital satisfaction. Improving mental health may lead to improve marital satisfaction.

Abdolsattar Shahi

2011-05-01

118

International Observatory on Mental Health Systems: a mental health research and development network  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background While the mental health situation for most people in low and middle-income countries is unsatisfactory, there is a renewed commitment to focus attention on the mental health of populations and on the scaling up of mental health services that have the capacity to respond to mental health service needs. There is general agreement that scaling up activities must be evidence-based and that the effectiveness of such activities must be evaluated. If these requirements are to be realised it will be essential to strengthen capacity in countries to conduct rigorous monitoring and evaluation of system development projects and to demonstrate sustained benefit to populations. The Observatory The International Observatory on Mental Health Systems (IOMHS will build capacity to measure and to track mental health system performance in participating countries at national and sub-national (provincial and district levels. The work of IOMHS will depend on the establishment of robust partnerships among the key stakeholder groups. The Observatory will build the capability of partner organisations and networks to provide evidence-based advice to policy makers, service planners and implementers, and will monitor the progress of mental health service scaling up activities. Summary The International Observatory on Mental Health Systems will be a mental health research and development network that will monitor and evaluate mental health system performance in low and middle-income countries.

Minas Harry

2009-01-01

119

Mindful Parenting in Mental Health Care  

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Mindfulness is a form of meditation based on the Buddhist tradition, which has been used over the last two decades to successfully treat a multitude of mental health problems. Bringing mindfulness into parenting (“mindful parenting”) is one of the applications of mindfulness. Mindful parenting interventions are increasingly being used to help prevent and treat mental disorders in children, parenting problems, and prevent intergenerational transmission of mental disorders from parents to c...

Bo?gels, Susan M.; Lehtonen, Annukka; Restifo, Kathleen

2010-01-01

120

Mindful parenting in mental health care  

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Mindfulness is a form of meditation based on the Buddhist tradition, which has been used over the last two decades to successfully treat a multitude of mental health problems. Bringing mindfulness into parenting (“mindful parenting”) is one of the applications of mindfulness. Mindful parenting interventions are increasingly being used to help prevent and treat mental disorders in children, parenting problems, and prevent intergenerational transmission of mental disorders from parents to c...

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Public perception of mental health in Iraq  

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Abstract Background People who suffer from mental illness, the professionals who treat them, and indeed the actual concept of mental illness are all stigmatised in public perception and often receive very negative publicity. This paper looks at Iraq, which has a population of 30 million who are mainly Moslem. Mental health services and professionals have historically been sparse in Iraq with 1 psychiatrist per 300,000 before 2003 falling to 1 per million until recently and 1 ...

Sadik Sabah; Bradley Marie; Al-Hasoon Saad; Jenkins Rachel

2010-01-01

122

Integrating mental health services: the Finnish experience  

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Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to give a short description of the most important developments of mental health services in Finland during the 1990s, examine their influences on the organisation and provision of services, and describe shortly some national efforts to handle the new situation. The Finnish mental health service system experienced profound changes in the beginning of the 1990s. These included the integration of mental health services, being earlier under own separate administration, with other specialised health services, decentralisation of the financing of health services, and de-institutionalisation of the services. The same time Finland underwent the deepest economic recession in Western Europe, which resulted in cut-offs especially in the mental health budgets. Conducting extensive national research and development programmes in the field of mental health has been one typically Finnish way of supporting the mental health service development. The first of these national programmes was the Schizophrenia Project 1981–97, whose main aims were to decrease the incidence of new long-term patients and the prevalence of old long-stay patients by developing an integrated treatment model. The Suicide Prevention Project 1986–96 aimed at raising awareness of this special problem and decreasing by 20% the proportionally high suicide rate in Finland. The National Depression Programme 1994–98 focused at this clearly increasing public health concern by several research and development project targeted both to the general population and specifically to children, primary care and specialised services. The latest, still on-going Meaningful Life Programme 1998–2003 which main aim is, by multi-sectoral co-operation, to improve the quality of life for people suffering from or living with the threat of mental disorders. Furthermore, the government launched in 1999 a new Goal and Action Programme for Social Welfare and Health Care 2000–2003, in which mental health has been chosen as one of the eight priority areas.

Ville Lehtinen

2001-06-01

123

Health Problems of Mentally Disabled Individuals  

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Full Text Available Mentally disabled individuals are at risk of health problems. In fact, health problems are more frequent in mentally disabled individuals than in the general population and mentally disabled individuals less frequently use health care facilities. It has been shown that mentally disabled individuals frequently have nutritional problems. They may suffer from low weight, malnutrition, high weight, pica, iron and zinc deficiencies and absorption and eating disorders. Activities can be limited due to motor disability and restricted movements. Depending on insufficient liquid intake and dietary fiber, constipation can be frequent. Another problem is sleep disorders such as irregular sleep hours, short sleep, waking up at night and daytime sleepiness. Visual-hearing losses, epilepsy, motor disability, hepatitis A infection and poor oral hygiene are more frequent in mentally disabled children than in the general population. The mentally disabled have limited health care facilities, poorer health status than the general population and difficulties in demanding for health care and expressing health problems. Therefore, they should be provided with more health promotion services. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2010; 9(2.000: 145-150

Hatice Yildirim Sari

2010-04-01

124

Public perception of mental health in Iraq  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background People who suffer from mental illness, the professionals who treat them, and indeed the actual concept of mental illness are all stigmatised in public perception and often receive very negative publicity. This paper looks at Iraq, which has a population of 30 million who are mainly Moslem. Mental health services and professionals have historically been sparse in Iraq with 1 psychiatrist per 300,000 before 2003 falling to 1 per million until recently and 1 primary care centre (40 Healthcare Workers including 4 General Practitioners to 35,000 population, compared with 1 GP per 1700 population in the UK. Methods We aimed to assess public attitudes and perceptions to mental illness. Participants were asked to complete a questionnaire (additional file 1, which was designed specifically for Iraqi contexts and was made available in 2 languages. The survey was carried out in 500 participants' homes across 2 districts of Baghdad. Additional file 1 Public Perception of Mental Illness Questionnaire. Click here for file Results The response rate of the survey was 86.4%. The paper shows respondents views on the aetiology of mental illness, perceptions of people with mental illness and attitudes towards care and treatment of people with mental illness. Conclusions This survey of public attitudes towards mental illness in Iraq has shown that community opinion about the aetiology of mental illness is broadly compatible with scientific evidence, but understanding of the nature of mental illness, its implications for social participation and management remains negative in general.

Al-Hasoon Saad

2010-10-01

125

Dimensions of Health among Patients in Mental Health Services  

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Empirical studies focusing on the subjective experience of health among patients in contact with the mental health services are rare and most questionnaires are based on a medical model that emphasizes objectively observed disease-oriented health indicators. In studies I and II perceptions of the concept of health among patients and nurses in mental health services were explored and described using a phenomenographic approach. The perceptions and description categories that emerged from these...

2007-01-01

126

How Stigma Interferes with Mental Health Care  

Science.gov (United States)

Many people who would benefit from mental health services opt not to pursue them or fail to fully participate once they have begun. One of the reasons for this disconnect is stigma; namely, to avoid the label of mental illness and the harm it brings, people decide not to seek or fully participate in care. Stigma yields 2 kinds of harm that may…

Corrigan, Patrick

2004-01-01

127

Indicators of Mental Health in Various Iranian Populations  

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Background: Promoting mental health and preventing mental disorders are of the main concerns for every country. Achieving these goals requires effective indexes for evaluating mental health. Therefore, to develop mental health enhancement programs in Iran, there is a need to measure the state of mental health in Iran. Objectives: This study aimed to select a set of mental health indicators that can be used to monitor the status of mental health in Iran. Materials and Methods: This research work used Q-methodology which combines both quantitative and qualitative research methods for establishment of mental health indicators in Iran. In this study, 30 participants were chosen by purposive sampling from different types of professionals in the field of mental health. Results: Twenty seven mental health indicators were obtained from the Q-methodology. The most important indicators obtained in this study are as follows: annual prevalence of mental disorders, suicide rates, number of mental health professionals, mental health expenditures and suicide related deaths. Conclusions: This study provides mental health indices for measuring mental health status in Iran. These mental health indices can be used to measure progress in the reform policies and community mental health services.

Mohamadi, Khosro; Ahmadi, Khodabakhsh; Fathi Ashtiani, Ali; Azad Fallah, Parviz; Ebadi, Abbas; Yahaghi, Emad

2014-01-01

128

The Latino Mental Health Project: A Local Mental Health Needs Assessment  

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In this article, we present the results of a local needs assessment of the mental health experiences, service needs, and barriers to treatment-seeking of the Latino population in Worcester, Massachusetts. Overall, participants reported relatively high rates of experiences with symptoms of mental health problems, they indicated using a range of both formal and alternative mental health services, and they noted a variety of instrumental, attitudinal, and culturally-specific barriers to seeking ...

Cardemil, Esteban V.; Adams, Sara T.; Calista, Joanne L.; Connell, Joy; Encarnacio?n, Jose?; Esparza, Nancy K.; Frohock, Jeanne; Hicks, Ellen; Kim, Saeromi; Kokernak, Gerald; Mcgrenra, Michael; Mestre, Ray; Pe?rez, Maria; Pinedo, Tatiana M.; Quagan, Rosemary

2007-01-01

129

Service network analysis for agricultural mental health  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Farmers represent a subgroup of rural and remote communities at higher risk of suicide attributed to insecure economic futures, self-reliant cultures and poor access to health services. Early intervention models are required that tap into existing farming networks. This study describes service networks in rural shires that relate to the mental health needs of farming families. This serves as a baseline to inform service network improvements. Methods A network survey of mental health related links between agricultural support, health and other human services in four drought declared shires in comparable districts in rural New South Wales, Australia. Mental health links covered information exchange, referral recommendations and program development. Results 87 agencies from 111 (78% completed a survey. 79% indicated that two thirds of their clients needed assistance for mental health related problems. The highest mean number of interagency links concerned information exchange and the frequency of these links between sectors was monthly to three monthly. The effectiveness of agricultural support and health sector links were rated as less effective by the agricultural support sector than by the health sector (p Conclusion Aligning with agricultural agencies is important to build effective mental health service pathways to address the needs of farming populations. Work is required to ensure that these agricultural support agencies have operational and effective links to primary mental health care services. Network analysis provides a baseline to inform this work. With interventions such as local mental health training and joint service planning to promote network development we would expect to see over time an increase in the mean number of links, the frequency in which these links are used and the rated effectiveness of these links.

Fuller Jeffrey D

2009-05-01

130

Mental health challenges of LGBT forced migrants  

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Full Text Available Many LGBT forced migrants have significant and sometimesincapacitating psychological scars. Mental health providers can assistin documenting the psychological impact of anti-LGBT persecutionand its impact on the ability to secure refugee status.

Ariel Shidlo

2013-04-01

131

Mental Health Challenges for Returning Military Veterans  

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Full Text Available ... warfare. And some of those returning veterans come home with unique mental health challenges: a topic of ... but in particular, those veterans who have come home to challenges as straightforward as finding work in ...

132

Suicide: A Major, Preventable Mental Health Problem  

Science.gov (United States)

Suicide: A Major, Preventable Mental Health Problem More Publications by Language In English En Español Publications by ... Items) PDF Some common questions and answers about suicide: Q: How common is suicide in children and ...

133

Religion, Spirituality and Your Mental Health Care  

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Religion, Spirituality and Your Mental Health Care Quick Links Facts for Families - Numerical List Facts for Families - ... and print a PDF version of this document . Religion and spirituality can be important in the lives ...

134

Mental Health Work in Shanghai.  

Science.gov (United States)

A general survey of 4 million inhabitants was made in Shanghai to ascertain the prevalence rate of mental disease during 1972-1973. It was found that the average prevalence rate of mental disorder was 7.28%, the urban districts being 7.86% and rural area ...

X. Zhenyi Y. Heqin W. Changhua

1980-01-01

135

The Latino Mental Health Project: A Local Mental Health Needs Assessment  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, we present the results of a local needs assessment of the mental health experiences, service needs, and barriers to treatment-seeking of the Latino population in Worcester, Massachusetts. Overall, participants reported relatively high rates of experiences with symptoms of mental health problems, they indicated using a range of both formal and alternative mental health services, and they noted a variety of instrumental, attitudinal, and culturally-specific barriers to seeking mental health services. Findings are discussed with regards to the role that community-driven research can play in advancing efforts to provide relevant services to underserved populations.

Adams, Sara T.; Calista, Joanne L.; Connell, Joy; Encarnacion, Jose; Esparza, Nancy K.; Frohock, Jeanne; Hicks, Ellen; Kim, Saeromi; Kokernak, Gerald; McGrenra, Michael; Mestre, Ray; Perez, Maria; Pinedo, Tatiana M.; Quagan, Rosemary; Rivera, Christina; Taucer, Patsy; Wang, Ed

2010-01-01

136

The built environment and mental health  

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The built environment has direct and indirect effects on mental health. Highrise housing is inimical to the psychological well-being of women with young children. Poor-quality housing appears to increase psychological distress, but methodological issues make it difficult, to draw clear conclusions. Mental health of psychiatric patients has been linked to design elements that affect their ability to regulate social interaction (e.g., furniture configuration, privacy). Alzheimer’s patients ad...

Evans, Gary W.

2003-01-01

137

Study of Factors Affecting Mental Health  

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The aim of this study is to investigate the simple and multiple relationships between role ambiguity, role conflict, role overload and mental health considering the moderating role of type A personality and sense of coherence. To this end correlation and regression analysis is utilized. Research sample includes 196 personnel working in Ahvaz Pipe-production factory during year 2007. Research results revealed that there is a significant relation between role ambiguity and mental health deficie...

Abdul-Kazem Naisi; Ali Moazami-Goodarzi; Maryam Zarra-Nezhad

2009-01-01

138

Child psychiatry in Bombay: the school mental health clinic.  

Science.gov (United States)

The school mental health clinic is an unusual amalgamation of the mental health and education sectors in Bombay. It aims to detect emotional problems in schoolchildren, increase mental health awareness in teachers and other professionals and determine any risk or causal factors in schoolchildren suffering from mental health problems. It also offers cross-cultural research opportunities. PMID:10962654

Vaidya, G; Dhavale, H S

2000-06-01

139

Pediatric mental health emergencies and special health care needs.  

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Children with mental health problems are increasingly being evaluated and treated by both pediatric primary care and pediatric emergency physicians. This article focuses on the epidemiology, evaluation, and management of the 2 most common pediatric mental health emergencies, suicidal and homicidal/aggressive patients, as well as the equally challenging population of children with autism or other developmental disabilities. PMID:24093903

Chun, Thomas H; Katz, Emily R; Duffy, Susan J

2013-10-01

140

Mental health stigma and primary health care decisions.  

Science.gov (United States)

People with serious mental illness have higher rates of mortality and morbidity due to physical illness. In part, this occurs because primary care and other health providers sometimes make decisions contrary to typical care standards. This might occur because providers endorse mental illness stigma, which seems inversely related to prior personal experience with mental illness and mental health care. In this study, 166 health care providers (42.2% primary care, 57.8% mental health practice) from the Veteran?s Affairs (VA) medical system completed measures of stigma characteristics, expected adherence, and subsequent health decisions (referral to a specialist and refill pain prescription) about a male patient with schizophrenia who was seeking help for low back pain due to arthritis. Research participants reported comfort with previous mental health interventions. Path analyses showed participants who endorsed stigmatizing characteristics of the patient were more likely to believe he would not adhere to treatment and hence, less likely to refer to a specialist or refill his prescription. Endorsement of stigmatizing characteristics was inversely related to comfort with one?s previous mental health care. Implications of these findings will inform a program meant to enhance VA provider attitudes about people with mental illness, as well as their health decisions. PMID:24774076

Corrigan, Patrick W; Mittal, Dinesh; Reaves, Christina M; Haynes, Tiffany F; Han, Xiaotong; Morris, Scott; Sullivan, Greer

2014-08-15

 
 
 
 
141

Mental health assessment in rehabilitation research  

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Full Text Available Assessment in mental health research has evolved from focusing on symptoms and diagnosis to addressing a broad range of change, including psychosocial functioning. This is consistent with developments in the areas of psychosocial rehabilitation and the increase in recovery-oriented intervention models for mental disorders. We reviewed the status of assessment in mental health research, providing an overview of symptom and diagnostic assessment that is the cornerstone of most mental health research assessment. We then focused on measurement that can be applied across diagnostic groups and on functioning as a key mental health outcome. We reviewed the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health and its implications for improvements in assessment. We provided an example of a new assessment, the Inventory of Psychosocial Functioning, which highlights key issues in the measurement of functioning. We then addressed improving research assessment, including issues of assessment in diverse populations and the need to capitalize on new data sources and new assessment technologies to advance assessment in mental health research. Finally, we reviewed and discussed areas for research and quality improvement, drawing on examples from the Department of Veterans Affairs to illustrate potential opportunities.

John R. McQuaid, PhD

2012-02-01

142

The mental health of university students  

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Full Text Available The main purpose of the research is to observe the mental health of university students in the Faculty of Education University of Nigde .By using descriptive method, the research is made on 518 students (258 women, 260 menAs a result of this study the following discoveries have been reached;1. When the mental health of the students and the sex changeable are compared, the difference of the level having these symptoms was found meaningful 2. From the point of view of education forms, the level of having the depressive and anxiety forming the mental health was found meaningful3. By the form of life, the level o f the mental health of the students living in the government hostels is lower than the students living in the private hostels.4. No difference was found. Between the living place and mental health5. The difference between the level of mental health and the level of the success is P>0.05 so that it’s not meaningful.

Mustafa Koç

2006-12-01

143

Mental Health in High-Tech System  

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Full Text Available Stress and mental health at the place of work have received great attention by researchers. In spite of technology improvement in high-tech systems, the operators face new problems, which can affect mental health. There is hardly any published research about stress or mental health in such workplaces in developing countries. This paper presents the application of the self-rating scale General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28 to study mental health of 160 controllers working in a part of Air Traffic Control (ATC as a high-tech system in Iran. Logistic regression analysis showed that demographic variables did not exhibit a statistically significant effect on scores of the test. In order to compare mental health of these operators with general population, an exposure / non-exposure study was designed. Three age groups (less than 29 years, 30 through 39 y, and more than 40 y were compared in exposed and non-exposed groups. The results of Fisher’s exact test showed that mental distress symptoms were significantly higher in the exposed group. There were significant job effects on somatization, anxiety and depression as well as on the total score of GHQ-28 for the two first age groups (P<.05. No significant effects of the job were found on social dysfunction symptoms in any age groups. The risk ratio of expressing depression and anxiety symptoms were more than three times greater in these operators than general population.

Sh Arghami

2005-06-01

144

Declaration on mental health in Africa: moving to implementation  

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Full Text Available Urgent action is needed to address mental health issues globally. In Africa, where mental health disorders account for a huge burden of disease and disability, and where in general less than 1% of the already small health budgets are spent on these disorders, the need for action is acute and urgent. Members of the World Health Organization, including African countries, have adopted a Comprehensive Mental Health Action Plan. Africa now has an historic opportunity to improve the mental health and wellbeing of its citizens, beginning with provision of basic mental health services and development of national mental health strategic plans (roadmaps. There is need to integrate mental health into primary health care and address stigma and violations of human rights. We advocate for inclusion of mental health into the post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals, and for the convening of a special UN General Assembly High Level Meeting on Mental Health within three years.

Abdallah S. Daar

2014-06-01

145

Declaration on mental health in Africa: moving to implementation  

Science.gov (United States)

Urgent action is needed to address mental health issues globally. In Africa, where mental health disorders account for a huge burden of disease and disability, and where in general less than 1% of the already small health budgets are spent on these disorders, the need for action is acute and urgent. Members of the World Health Organization, including African countries, have adopted a Comprehensive Mental Health Action Plan. Africa now has an historic opportunity to improve the mental health and wellbeing of its citizens, beginning with provision of basic mental health services and development of national mental health strategic plans (roadmaps). There is need to integrate mental health into primary health care and address stigma and violations of human rights. We advocate for inclusion of mental health into the post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals, and for the convening of a special UN General Assembly High Level Meeting on Mental Health within three years.

Daar, Abdallah S.; Jacobs, Marian; Wall, Stig; Groenewald, Johann; Eaton, Julian; Patel, Vikram; dos Santos, Palmira; Kagee, Ashraf; Gevers, Anik; Sunkel, Charlene; Andrews, Gail; Daniels, Ingrid; Ndetei, David

2014-01-01

146

Mixed methods research in mental health nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mixed methods research is becoming more widely used in order to answer research questions and to investigate research problems in mental health and psychiatric nursing. However, two separate literature searches, one in Scotland and one in the USA, revealed that few mental health nursing studies identified mixed methods research in their titles. Many studies used the term 'embedded' but few studies identified in the literature were mixed methods embedded studies. The history, philosophical underpinnings, definition, types of mixed methods research and associated pragmatism are discussed, as well as the need for mixed methods research. Examples of mental health nursing mixed methods research are used to illustrate the different types of mixed methods: convergent parallel, embedded, explanatory and exploratory in their sequential and concurrent combinations. Implementing mixed methods research is also discussed briefly and the problem of identifying mixed methods research in mental and psychiatric nursing are discussed with some possible solutions to the problem proposed. PMID:21749560

Kettles, A M; Creswell, J W; Zhang, W

2011-08-01

147

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available Error processing SSI file Home Video and Audio by Topic NIMH Video September 14, 2011 Disasters and ... Share Newsletters RSS Feeds Facebook Twitter YouTube Widget Error processing SSI file The National Institute of Mental ...

148

Intermarriages, children of mixed parentage & mental health  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper presents some aspects of the ongoing project about the persons in cross border intimate partnerships and their children. Researchers, health-care professionals and policy-makers are increasingly recognising the challenge presented by the increasing ethnic diversity in the Nordic countries, among others the increased challenges and risks involved in the increasing partnerships formation across the ethnic borders to health systems. To help meet this challenge, this project has two objectives. The objective in the first is to gain insights about the dynamics of intermarriage in relation to mental health of the couples in the Denmark and Norway. Mental health is conceptualised as the self understandings as well as the salient relationships at various levels. The second objective is to improve the accessibility of and further develop psychosocial services available for intermarried couples experiencing mental health problems. The theoretical framework of the project is interdisciplinary, combining transnationalism, narrative approach and life-course perspectives. Some statistical data pertaining to phenomenon of intermarriage in Denmark will also be presented. The investigation through qualitative research interviews will involve a number of couples, primarily Asians including those from the South Asian diaspora, currently / earlier married to native Danes. The focus is on their experiences and concerns related to mental health, in which their children will have a central place. To the extent feasible, for intermarried couples with mental health problems, the experiences and suggestions regarding psychosocial services for professional intervention will also be delineated.

Singla, Rashmi

149

Psychedelics and Mental Health: A Population Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Background The classical serotonergic psychedelics LSD, psilocybin, mescaline are not known to cause brain damage and are regarded as non-addictive. Clinical studies do not suggest that psychedelics cause long-term mental health problems. Psychedelics have been used in the Americas for thousands of years. Over 30 million people currently living in the US have used LSD, psilocybin, or mescaline. Objective To evaluate the association between the lifetime use of psychedelics and current mental health in the adult population. Method Data drawn from years 2001 to 2004 of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health consisted of 130,152 respondents, randomly selected to be representative of the adult population in the United States. Standardized screening measures for past year mental health included serious psychological distress (K6 scale), mental health treatment (inpatient, outpatient, medication, needed but did not receive), symptoms of eight psychiatric disorders (panic disorder, major depressive episode, mania, social phobia, general anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, posttraumatic stress disorder, and non-affective psychosis), and seven specific symptoms of non-affective psychosis. We calculated weighted odds ratios by multivariate logistic regression controlling for a range of sociodemographic variables, use of illicit drugs, risk taking behavior, and exposure to traumatic events. Results 21,967 respondents (13.4% weighted) reported lifetime psychedelic use. There were no significant associations between lifetime use of any psychedelics, lifetime use of specific psychedelics (LSD, psilocybin, mescaline, peyote), or past year use of LSD and increased rate of any of the mental health outcomes. Rather, in several cases psychedelic use was associated with lower rate of mental health problems. Conclusion We did not find use of psychedelics to be an independent risk factor for mental health problems.

Krebs, Teri S.; Johansen, Pal-?rjan

2013-01-01

150

Advancing Mental Health Research: Washington University's Center for Mental Health Services Research  

Science.gov (United States)

Research centers have become a key component of the research infrastructure in schools of social work, including the George Warren Brown School of Social Work at Washington University. In 1993, that school's Center for Mental Health Services Research (CMHSR) received funding from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) as a Social Work…

Proctor, Enola K.; McMillen, Curtis; Haywood, Sally; Dore, Peter

2008-01-01

151

Mental Health Awareness Month & Speak Up for Kids  

Science.gov (United States)

May is National Mental Health Awareness Month. This is a great time to highlight the importance of mental wellness and school-based mental health services to children's positive learning and development. There is heightened urgency to the imperative to advance school-based mental health and school psychologists' expertise as essential to the…

Cowan, Katherine C.

2012-01-01

152

Attitudes toward community mental health care: the contact paradox revisited.  

Science.gov (United States)

Contact with people with mental illness is considered to be a promising strategy to change stigmatizing attitudes. This study examines the underlying mechanisms of the association between contact and attitudes toward community mental health care. Data are derived from the 2009 survey "Stigma in a Global Context-Belgian Mental Health Study", using the Community Mental Health Ideology-scale. Results show that people who received mental health treatment themselves or have a family member who has been treated for mental health problems report more tolerant attitudes toward community mental health care than people with public contact with people with mental illness. Besides, the perception of the effectiveness of the treatment seems to matter too. Furthermore, emotions arising from public contact are associated with attitudes toward community mental health care. The degree of intimacy and the characteristics of the contact relationship clarify the association between contact and attitudes toward community mental health care. PMID:23179045

Pattyn, E; Verhaeghe, M; Bracke, P

2013-06-01

153

MARRIAGE AND MENTAL HEALTH AMONG YOUNG ADULTS  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Marriage is widely thought to confer mental health benefits, but little is known about how this relationship may vary across the life course. Early marriage—which is non-normative—could have no, or even negative, mental health consequences for young adults. Using survey data from Waves 1 and 3 of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (N = 11,743), I find that married young adults exhibit similar levels of psychological distress as young adults who are in any kind of romanti...

Uecker, Jeremy E.

2012-01-01

154

Mental Health Practice Guidelines for Child Welfare  

Science.gov (United States)

The guidelines and supporting rationale presented in this paper were developed from the October 2007 "Best Practices for Mental Health in Child Welfare Consensus Conference" sponsored by Casey Family Programs, the Annie E. Casey Foundation and the REACH Institute (REsource for Advancing Children's Health). The purpose of the conference was to…

Annie E. Casey Foundation, 2009

2009-01-01

155

One Hundred Years of College Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

Although the first student health service is credited to Amherst College in 1861, almost 50 years passed before Princeton University established the first mental health service in 1910. At that time, a psychiatrist was hired to help with student personality development. Although other schools subsequently established such services, the first 50…

Kraft, David P.

2011-01-01

156

Mental Health and Emergency Medicine: A Research Agenda  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The burden of mental illness is profound and growing. Coupled with large gaps in extant psychiatric services, this mental health burden has often forced emergency departments (EDs) to become the de facto primary and acute care provider of mental health care in the United States. An expanded emergency medical and mental health research agenda is required to meet the need for improved education, screening, surveillance, and ED-initiated interventions for mental health problems. As an increasing...

Larkin, Gregory Luke; Beautrais, Annette L.; Spirito, Anthony; Kirrane, Barbara M.; Lippmann, Melanie J.; Milzman, David P.

2009-01-01

157

Experience in family care in mental health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: To understand how it impacts the problem of mental disorder in the lives of family members and carers of users of PACs Acopiara-Ceará. Methods: Exploratory-descriptive qualitative study that used semi structured interviews as a tool for data collection. Results: the data reeled that the woman is still socially responsible for supplying the affection demands and caring of family members, including the ones that suffer from mental illness. Difficulties were indicated in the role of caregivers for the care promotion. Final consideration: knowing and understanding the familiar dynamic constitute a strong strategy for improving mental health assistance and promotion of life quality of the users.

Maria Wanderleya de Lavor Coriolano

2011-01-01

158

Identity Theft in Community Mental Health Patients  

Science.gov (United States)

Identity theft is a serious problem in the United States, and persons with enduring mental illnesses may be particularly vulnerable to becoming victims of this crime. Victims of identity theft experience a variety of consequences that include financial loss and serious emotional distress. Little is known about the impact of identity theft on individuals with mental illnesses. The two cases from a community mental health center presented in this article demonstrate many of the facets that may be associated with an increased risk for becoming the victim of identity theft. A summary of preventive steps as well as steps involved in resolving the crime once one has become a victim are presented.

Klopp, Jonathon; Konrad, Shane; Yanofski, Jason

2007-01-01

159

Mental health services--the user's view.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The needs of people with serious mental illnesses have dominated much of the debate on reforming community care. In this article Peter Campbell, who has used mental health services many times in the past, explains how the reforms could affect people like him. He welcomes the thinking behind the changes, particularly the idea that people who use community care should take part in planning services, but he warns that implementing the new philosophy might prove very difficult. Mr Campbell is sec...

1993-01-01

160

Community mental health in India: A rethink  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Community care of the chronic mentally ill has always been prevalent in India, largely due to family involvement and unavailability of institutions. In the 80s, a few mental health clinics became operational in some parts of the country. The Schizophrenia Research Foundation (SCARF), an NGO in Chennai had established a community clinic in 1989 in Thiruporur, which was functional till 1999. During this period various programmes such as training of the prima...

Thara Rangawsamy; Padmavati Ramachandran; Aynkran Jothy R; John Sujit

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Indian legal system and mental health  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Although there was a rich tradition of legal system in Ancient India, the present judicial system of the country derives largely from the British system and is based on English Common Law, a system of law based on recorded judicial precedents. Earlier legislations in respect of mental health were primarily concerned with custodial aspects of persons with mental illness and protection of the society. Indian laws are also concerned with determination of competency, diminished responsibility and...

2013-01-01

162

Road traffic noise, sleep and mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines the relationship between road traffic noise, self-reported sleep quality and mental health. The study is cross-sectional and based on data from a survey conducted in Oslo, Norway, in 2000. Psychological distress (Hopkins Symptom Checklist, HSCL-25) was measured along with self-reported somatic health, sleep quality, noise sensitivity and socioeconomic variables. Questionnaire data were combined with modeled estimates of noise exposure. The total study sample consisted of 2898 respondents. After adjustment for potential confounders and stratifying for sleep quality, we found a positive, but not statistically significant association between noise exposure and symptoms of psychological distress among participants with poor sleep quality (slope=0.06, 95% CI: -0.02 to 0.13, per 10dB increase in noise exposure). In the same sleep quality group, we found a borderline statistically significant association between noise exposure and a symptom level indicating a probable mental disorder (HSCL?1.55) (odds ratio=1.47, 95% CI: 0.99-1.98, per 10dB increase in noise exposure). We found no association between road traffic noise and mental health among subjects reporting good and medium sleep quality. The results suggest that road traffic noise may be associated with poorer mental health among subjects with poor sleep. Individuals with poor sleep quality may be more vulnerable to effects of road traffic noise on mental health than individuals with better sleep quality. PMID:24637180

Sygna, Karin; Aasvang, Gunn Marit; Aamodt, Geir; Oftedal, Bente; Krog, Norun Hjertager

2014-05-01

163

Mental Health Promotion among Nursing Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem statement: In the literature, there is no consensus over what constitutes an appropriate model for mental health promotion among nursing students in Thailand. Approach: This quasi-experimental research was conducted to evaluate the effects of mental health promotion intervention. Several activities in this intervention were created for promoting sense of coherence which focused on the manipulation of both internal and external factors that effect mental health. Results: The results revealed that prior to the implementation of mental health promotion intervention, both experimental and control groups demonstrated that there were no significant differences on the mean score of all styles of defense mechanisms and sense of coherence either in total or individual dimensions. After intervention were implemented, however, there were significantly differences between groups using mature defense mechanisms (t = -3.486, pConclusion: These findings reflect the effectiveness of mental health promotion intervention. In order to prepare student nurses most effectively, nursing schools should apply this appropriate interventions with their students.

Choochart Deeromram

2010-01-01

164

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. “NIH… Turning Discovery into Health” This page last reviewed: ...

165

[Mental health support for disaster relief personnel].  

Science.gov (United States)

The Tohoku-Pacific Ocean Earthquake, which occurred on March 11, 2011, caused serious damage and resulted in numerous fatalities and almost 20,000 missing persons. Furthermore, a major accident accompanied by exudation of radioactive material occurred in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. A statement regarding the victims' mental health was issued by the Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology on May 21, 2011, which established the Department of Disaster Psychiatry for the provision and assurance of long-term mental care support for the victims. The Department of Disaster Psychiatry was consequently reformed in April 2012, focusing on the following objectives: to verify the validity of current mental support methods; to ensure disaster psychiatry and medical care in Japan; and to promote human resource development that can respond to future large-scale disasters. Mental health support for disaster victims is of highest priority. However, the mental health of relief personnel, who act as front liners during disasters (i. e., police officers, fire fighters, Self-Defense Forces, and health care workers), has often been neglected. Therefore, countermeasures for the problems faced by relief personnel are indispensable for a more effective reconstruction. Volunteers are also important members of the disaster relief team and they have witnessed the actual tragedy, and some have experienced burnout. Thus, they require sufficient mental health support, as do relief personnel. We thought that the mental health of disaster relief personnel is an important issue; thus, we report their mental health needs, the systematic correspondence to disaster stress, and our works for relief assistance. As first responders, relief personnel even without prior disaster education proceed to the area of disaster and may get injured. We therefore suggest that prior to the occurrence of any disaster, networking, education, and disaster awareness should be advocated among relief personnel and volunteers to safeguard their mental health. However, programs on these subjects remain insufficient. We extend our utmost respect and appreciation to the disaster relief workforce for doing their best to save lives. We hope that this aids in the reconstruction process of such affected areas. PMID:24783446

Takahashi, Sho

2014-01-01

166

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Science.gov (United States)

... the people who continue to have symptoms of mental illness can then be offered one of the several effective treatments for some of these disorders- including both pharmacotherapy as well as psychotherapy. Announcer : The unpredictable nature of traumatic events will always create challenges ...

167

Mental health consequences of the Chernobyl disaster  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The psychosocial consequences of disasters have been studied for more than 100 years. The most common mental health consequences are depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, medically unexplained somatic symptoms, and stigma. The excess morbidity rate of psychiatric disorders in the first year after a disaster is in the order of 20%. Disasters involving radiation are particularly pernicious because the exposure is invisible and universally dreaded, and can pose a long-term threat to health. After the Chernobyl disaster, studies of clean-up workers (liquidators) and adults from contaminated areas found a two-fold increase in post-traumatic stress and other mood and anxiety disorders and significantly poorer subjective ratings of health. Among liquidators, the most important risk factor was severity of exposure. In general population samples, the major risk factor was perceived exposure to harmful levels of radiation. These findings are consistent with results from A-bomb survivors and populations studied after the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant accident. With regard to children, apart from findings from ecological studies that lack direct data on radiation or other teratologic exposures and local studies in Kiev, the epidemiologic evidence suggests that neither radiation exposure nor the stress of growing up in the shadow of the accident was associated with emotional disorders, cognitive dysfunction, or impaired academic performance. Thus, based on the studies of adults, the Chernobyl Forum concluded that mental health was the largest public health problem unleashed by the accident. Since mental health is a leading cause of disability, physical morbidity, and mortality, health monitoring after radiation accidents like Fukushima should include standard measures of well-being. Moreover, given the comorbidity of mental and physical health, the findings support the value of training non-psychiatrist physicians in recognizing and treating common mental health problems like depression in Fukushima patients. (note)

2012-03-01

168

Age differences in mental health literacy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The community's knowledge and beliefs about mental health problems, their risk factors, treatments and sources of help may vary as a function of age. Methods Data were taken from an epidemiological survey conducted during 2003–2004 with a national clustered sample of Australian adults aged 18 years and over. Following the presentation of a vignette describing depression (n = 1001 or schizophrenia (n = 997, respondents were asked a series of questions relating to their knowledge and recognition of the disorder, beliefs about the helpfulness of treating professionals and medical, psychological and lifestyle treatments, and likely causes. Results Participant age was coded into five categories and cross-tabulated with mental health literacy variables. Comparisons between age groups revealed that although older adults (70+ years were poorer than younger age groups at correctly recognising depression and schizophrenia, young adults (18–24 years were more likely to misidentify schizophrenia as depression. Differences were also observed between younger and older age groups in terms of beliefs about the helpfulness of certain treating professionals and medical and lifestyle treatments for depression and schizophrenia, and older respondents were more likely to believe that schizophrenia could be caused by character weakness. Conclusion Differences in mental health literacy across the adult lifespan suggest that more specific, age appropriate messages about mental health are required for younger and older age groups. The tendency for young adults to 'over-identify' depression signals the need for awareness campaigns to focus on differentiation between mental disorders.

Christensen Helen

2008-04-01

169

Age differences in mental health literacy  

Science.gov (United States)

Background The community's knowledge and beliefs about mental health problems, their risk factors, treatments and sources of help may vary as a function of age. Methods Data were taken from an epidemiological survey conducted during 2003–2004 with a national clustered sample of Australian adults aged 18 years and over. Following the presentation of a vignette describing depression (n = 1001) or schizophrenia (n = 997), respondents were asked a series of questions relating to their knowledge and recognition of the disorder, beliefs about the helpfulness of treating professionals and medical, psychological and lifestyle treatments, and likely causes. Results Participant age was coded into five categories and cross-tabulated with mental health literacy variables. Comparisons between age groups revealed that although older adults (70+ years) were poorer than younger age groups at correctly recognising depression and schizophrenia, young adults (18–24 years) were more likely to misidentify schizophrenia as depression. Differences were also observed between younger and older age groups in terms of beliefs about the helpfulness of certain treating professionals and medical and lifestyle treatments for depression and schizophrenia, and older respondents were more likely to believe that schizophrenia could be caused by character weakness. Conclusion Differences in mental health literacy across the adult lifespan suggest that more specific, age appropriate messages about mental health are required for younger and older age groups. The tendency for young adults to 'over-identify' depression signals the need for awareness campaigns to focus on differentiation between mental disorders.

Farrer, Louise; Leach, Liana; Griffiths, Kathleen M; Christensen, Helen; Jorm, Anthony F

2008-01-01

170

Stress and mental health among medical students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. Medical studies bring many stressful activities to students. Prolonged stress can make adverse effects to mental health and lead to further professional burnout. Objective. The aim of this study was to assess the association of stress impact and adverse effects of medical studies with psychological distress among medical students. Methods. The cross sectional study was conducted on 367 fourth­year medical students of the Faculty of Medicine in Belgrade, by means of the anonymous questionnaire, containing: socio­demographic data, self­reported health status and stressful influences of studying activities. Mental health status was estimated by General Health Questionnaire (GHQ­12. Results. More than 50% of students perceive frequent feeling of psychic tension, and one third has problems with insomnia. Nearly one­half of students assessed their general stress level as moderate or high. Exams were estimated as high stressor in 63.1% of all students. Stressful effects of communication with teaching staff were reported by one quarter of the examinees. The scores of GHQ­12 were above the threshold in 55.6 % of all students. Mental health problems among students were most significantly associated with stressful experience during exams and contacts with teaching staff. Conclusion. Academic stress makes great influence on mental health of medical students. Reduction of stress effects should be directed to optimization of the examination process and improvement of communication skills. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. OI 175078

Backovi? Dušan V.

2013-01-01

171

Autonomy and Its Effect on Mental Health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Autonomy is one of the most important variable that influences adolescent’s mental health. Though there have been many studies conducted on autonomy, there is no commonly accepted definition for it. Two approaches concerning autonomy have a dominant effect on studies. These are explanations of cultural psychology and psychoanalytic approach (autonomy as independent and explanation of Self Determination Theory (autonomy as self endorsed functioning about autonomy. This study aims to review main approaches related to autonomy and relations between autonomy and mental health.

Umit Morsunbul

2012-06-01

172

MEDICINA INDÍGENA Y SALUD MENTAL / INDIGENOUS MEDICINE AND MENTAL HEALTH  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las diferentes alternativas médicas con que hoy cuenta la humanidad enriquecen tanto la profilaxis, como los diagnósticos y los tratamientos mismos de las enfermedades, cuando éstas se abordan desde un marco multicausal. El siguiente artículo hace una reflexión alrededor de dos alternativas: la medi [...] cina occidental y la medicina indígena. Se focaliza en la concepción de salud que manejan estas dos formas de conocimiento, se hace hincapié en la necesidad de revalorar la medicina indígena, y se plantea a grosso modo cómo desde la medicina indígena se ven las alteraciones en la salud mental. El autor resalta que para comprender la concepción de salud mental que puedan tener los pueblos indígenas, se hace necesario entender la cosmogonía y cosmología propia de esos pueblos. Abstract in english The different medical alternatives used today by humanity enrich the prophylaxis as well as the diagnoses and the treatment of diseases when these are tackled within a multicausal framework. In this paper two of these alternatives are considered: Western medicine and indigenous medicine. It focuses [...] on the concept of health developed by these two approaches, emphasizes the need to reassess indigenous medicine, and examines in general how mental health disorders are regarded from the point of view of indigenous medicine. The author stresses that in order to understand this conception it is necessary to get acquainted with the cosmogony and cosmology characteristics of indigenous people.

ÁLVARO ROBERTO, VALLEJO SAMUDIO.

2006-12-15

173

45 CFR 1304.24 - Child mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Child mental health. 1304.24 Section 1304.24 Public Welfare...Development and Health Services § 1304.24 Child mental health. (a) Mental health services. (1) Grantee and delegate...

2009-10-01

174

Social Workers' Role in the Canadian Mental Health Care System  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: Using Canadian survey data this research provides social workers in Canada with a better understanding of their role in the Canadian mental health care system. Methods: By analyzing data from the Canadian Community Health Survey, Cycle 1.2 Mental Health and Well-being, the role of social workers in the Canadian mental health system was…

Towns, Ashley M.; Schwartz, Karen

2012-01-01

175

Asian American Mental Health: A Call to Action  

Science.gov (United States)

The U.S. Surgeon General's report "Mental Health: Culture, Race, and Ethnicity--A Supplement to Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General" (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2001) was arguably the best single scholarly contribution on the mental health of ethnic minority groups in the United States. Over 10 years have now elapsed…

Sue, Stanley; Cheng, Janice Ka Yan; Saad, Carmel S.; Chu, Joyce P.

2012-01-01

176

Laypersons’ Choices and Deliberations for Mental Health Coverage  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Insurance coverage for mental health services has historically lagged behind other types of health services. We used a simulation exercise in which groups of laypersons deliberate about healthcare tradeoffs. Groups deciding for their ‘‘community’’ were more likely to select mental health coverage than individuals. Individual prioritization of mental health coverage, however, increased after group discussion. Participants discussed: value, cost and perceived need for mental health cove...

Evans-lacko, Sara E.; Baum, Nancy; Danis, Marion; Biddle, Andrea; Goold, Susan

2012-01-01

177

Role of zinc in maternal and child mental health1234  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Mental health problems in women, children, and adolescents are a significant public health issue. Given current barriers to the effective treatment of these problems, researchers are looking to the field of nutrition for potential alternatives to better understand and address mental health issues. The purpose of this article was to review current evidence on the relation between zinc and mental health disorders with a focus on 2 mental health problems that commonly affect women and children: ...

Digirolamo, Ann M.; Ramirez-zea, Manuel

2009-01-01

178

Toxoplasma gondii, Mental Health and Shizophrenia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Protecting and promoting of mental health is one of the major application areas of public health. In particular, Toxoplasma gondii, which is a protozoal zoonosis common in Turkey, it is closely related to veterinary public health. In recent years, T.gondii can induce behavioral changes, may play a role in schizophrenia as an etiologic factor. Results of the recently performed studies shows that T.gondii may be a potential factor for some neuropathological changes in brain and suicide attemption. The purpose of this review is to present the data on recent epidemiology of T.gondii, mental health effects (changes in behavior, suicide, etc., the relationship between T.gondii and schizophrenia and offer some recommendations for protecting of public health. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2013; 12(2.000: 199-208

Sibel Cevizci

2013-04-01

179

[Culture and mental health in Haiti : a literature review].  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reviews and summarizes the available literature on Haitian mental health and mental health services. This review was conducted in light of the Haitian earthquake in January 2010. We searched Medline, Google Scholar and other available databases to gather scholarly literature relevant to mental health in Haiti. This was supplemented by consultation of key books and grey literature relevant to Haiti. The first part of the review describes historical, economic, sociological and anthropological factors essential to a basic understanding of Haiti and its people. This includes discussion of demography, family structure, Haitian economics and religion. The second part of the review focuses on mental health and mental health services. This includes a review of factors such as basic epidemiology of mental illness, common beliefs about mental illness, explanatory models, idioms of distress, help-seeking behavior, configuration of mental health services and the relationship between religion and mental health. PMID:21076788

Pierre, Andrena; Minn, Pierre; Sterlin, Carlo; Annoual, Pascale C; Jaimes, Annie; Raphaël, Frantz; Raikhel, Eugene; Whitley, Rob; Rousseau, Cécile; Kirmayer, Laurence J

2010-01-01

180

Need for a realistic mental health programme in India  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available India, with a population of a billion, has very limited numbers of mental health facilities and professionals in providing mental health care to all the people. The disability associated with mental or brain disorders stops people from working and engaging in other creative activities. Gradual implementation of district mental health programme in a phased manner with support of adequate managerial and financial inputs is the need of the day. Trained mental health care personnel, treatment, care, and rehabilitation facilities should be made available and accessible to the masses. The voluntary organizations should be encouraged to participate in mental health care programme.

Barua Ankur

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

Mental Health Literacy: Empowering the Community to Take Action for Better Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

For major physical diseases, it is widely accepted that members of the public will benefit by knowing what actions they can take for prevention, early intervention, and treatment. However, this type of public knowledge about mental disorders ("mental health literacy") has received much less attention. There is evidence from surveys in several…

Jorm, Anthony F.

2012-01-01

182

Migration and mental health: Evidence from a natural experiment.  

Science.gov (United States)

People migrate to improve their well-being. Yet a large literature suggests that migration can be a stressful process, with potentially negative impacts on mental health. However, to truly understand the effect of migration one must compare the mental health of migrants to what their mental health would be had they stayed in their home country. The existing literature is not able to do this. New Zealand allows a quota of Tongans to immigrate each year with a random ballot used to choose amongst the excess number of applicants. Experimental estimates of the mental health effects of migration are obtained by comparing the mental health of migrants who were successful applicants in the random ballot to the mental health of those who applied to migrate under the quota, but whose names were not drawn. Migration is found to lead to improvements in mental health, particularly for women and those with poor mental health. PMID:19349087

Stillman, Steven; McKenzie, David; Gibson, John

2009-05-01

183

Mental Health in Asian American and Pacific Islanders  

Science.gov (United States)

... Americans and Pacific Islanders. However, researchers have examined mental-health problems by measuring the prevalence of symptoms. In ... studies have indicated that Asian Americans who use mental-health services are more severely ill than other groups. ...

184

Mental Health in American Indians and Alaska Natives  

Science.gov (United States)

Home > Mental Health > People > American Indians Let's Talk Facts Brochures Healthy Minds, Healthy Lives Blog Key Topics Finding help Caregivers ... Parity Healthy Minds TV What is a psychiatrist Mental Health Check-up Coping with Disasters Links for more ...

185

What Every Child Needs for Good Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... emotional needs may not be as obvious. Good mental health allows children to think clearly, develop socially and ... emotional outlook on life. A child’s physical and mental health are both important. Basics for a child’s good ...

186

Communication and Mental Health: Psychiatric Forerunners.  

Science.gov (United States)

The connections between human communication and mental health were first noted 50 to 60 years ago by such early psychiatrists as Alfred Adler, Harry Stack Sullivan, and Karen Horney. They were concerned with understanding those communication processes and skills that make for effective, fully functioning human beings. Adler emphasized faulty…

Brooks, Deems M.

187

Learning, changing and managing in mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper draws on research which considers the implications for practitioners and managers of implementing new ideas for practice gained from learning and education in mental health in the UK. Using a questionnaire survey followed by eight semi-structured interviews, the research set out to identify the issues facing workers trying to implement change in the workplace as a result of new learning gained from study of an Open University mental health course. The paper argues that much management literature on change within organisations is problematic in this specific context. This is largely because it takes insufficient account of the complexities surrounding work within social care (particularly mental health). Findings show that workers who have undertaken learning in mental health often feel disempowered and isolated when attempting to introduce new ideas for practice into the workplace. The first line manager operates at the intersection of practice and learning and has a key role in enabling and supporting staff through practice as well as service change and professional development. This paper locates the distance learning experience within a wider framework of student/practitioner support, and explores the role of the first line manager in supporting and enabling staff. PMID:11725583

Henderson, J

2001-11-01

188

Immigrant Youth Mental Health, Acculturation, and Adaptation  

Science.gov (United States)

One in five youth in the United States is a child of an immigrant and children of immigrants are the most rapidly growing segment of the U.S. population under age 18. Consequently, there is a great need to better understand the psychosocial impact of immigration on children's mental health and adjustment. It is striking, however, that research on…

Frabutt, James M.

2006-01-01

189

Mental health literacy and the anxiety disorders  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Context: This study set out to investigate the mental health literacy (MHL) about eight anxiety disorders (ADs), using vignette methodology. Methods: In all 317 British Adult participants completed a questionnaire with vignettes describing eight anxiety disorders including OCD, PTSD, Agoraphobia, Specific Phobias, Social Phobia, Separation Anxiety Disorder, GAD and Panic Disorder. Recognition, beliefs about tr...

Adrian Furnham; Chiara Lousley

2013-01-01

190

Italian quality assurance in mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Since the radical changes in Italian mental health law in the 1970s, quality assurance models have gained consensus as the most suitable service assessment tool. In the 1990s, the whole Italian National Health System changed into a corporate model, and an accreditation system was implemented.The Italian Association for Quality and Accreditation in Mental Health (Associazione Italiana per la Qualità e l'Accreditamento in Salute Mentale [QUASM]) was founded in 1984, and since then, it offers consultation and support for Mental Health Departments and Regional Governments to help them to develop psychiatric programs, self-evaluation, educational programs, and professional peer-model accreditation. The QUASM accreditation manual has now gone through several revisions, the last in 2008. Until 2008, QUASM was successful in promoting quality and facilitating both institutional and professional accreditation. However, radical changes triggered by financial crisis have jeopardized quality assurance implementation. Nowadays, the challenge for QUASM is to maintain quality and accreditation geared to excellence against prevailing leveling trends. PMID:24840086

Rossi, Giovanni; Agnetti, Germana; Bosio, Roberto; De Luca, Pasquale; Erlicher, Arcadio; Morganti, Carla; Neri, Giovanni; Re, Edoardo; Semisa, Domenico; Fioritti, Angelo

2014-06-01

191

Abortion and Mental Health: Evaluating the Evidence  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors evaluated empirical research addressing the relationship between induced abortion and women's mental health. Two issues were addressed: (a) the relative risks associated with abortion compared with the risks associated with its alternatives and (b) sources of variability in women's responses following abortion. This article reflects…

Major, Brenda; Appelbaum, Mark; Beckman, Linda; Dutton, Mary Ann; Russo, Nancy Felipe; West, Carolyn

2009-01-01

192

Hispanic Mental Health Professionals. Monograph No. 5.  

Science.gov (United States)

This volume is a collection of reports presented at a 1976 meeting held on the issue of Spanish American professional representation in the mental health field in the United States. Paper topics include: (1) Hispanics in psychiatry; (2) the current status of Hispanic social workers; (3) Hispanic psychiatric nursing personnel in the U.S.; (4) the…

Olmedo, Esteban L., Ed.; Lopez, Steven, Ed.

193

Medicare and Your Mental Health Benefits  

Science.gov (United States)

... cases. Partial hospitalization is a structured program of outpatient psychiatric services provided to patients as an alternative to inpatient psychiatric care. It’s more intense than the care you get in a ... hospital outpatient department or community mental health center. As part ...

194

Mental Health Consultation Volunteer Group Psychotherapy.  

Science.gov (United States)

A method of supplying consultation services to school districts is reported. The philosophy underlying this approach is that teaching front line personnel better methods and techniques of handling mental health problems will ultimately lead to true prevention by way of curricular change, changes in teaching techniques, and clearer definition of…

Hansen, Michael

195

Let's Strengthen The Mental & Social Health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available 'Sound mind in a Sound body.' It is a very famous maxim which tells us the importance of health in an individual's development. Education is the process which requires not only the intellectual ability but also physical, mental & social strength. They should go hand in hand.

Shikare Suvarna

2013-11-01

196

Teens and Mental Health: A Prevention Curriculum.  

Science.gov (United States)

The impact of an experimental mental health curriculum on the reduction of maladaptive behavior among 9th grade students in the Wyoming Valley West School District. In general, the pilot study showed: (1) research data can be obtained from schools; (2) th...

F. N. Roebuck

1982-01-01

197

Maori Identification, Drinking Motivation and Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

Research examining the relationships among Maori cultural identification, drinking behaviour, drinking motivation and mental health is almost non-existent. A review of literature suggests that stronger Maori identification could be associated with lower alcohol consumption on a typical occasion, less frequent drinking, drinking to enhance mood or…

Clarke, Dave; Ebbett, Erin

2010-01-01

198

Service network analysis for agricultural mental health  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Farmers represent a subgroup of rural and remote communities at higher risk of suicide attributed to insecure economic futures, self-reliant cultures and poor access to health services. Early intervention models are required that tap into existing farming networks. This study describes service networks in rural shires that relate to the mental health needs of farming families. This serves as a baseline to inform service network improvements. Methods...

2009-01-01

199

Embracing performance measurement in mental health services  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Objectives Performance measurement (PM) is central to the current Irish health service policy. However, PM within the Irish mental health services has not been fully implemented. These services lack a national comprehensive suite of performance indicators (PIs). Those indicators that are measured do not tend to reflect the objectives of the managers and staff measuring them. To overcome these challenges, this article suggests a suite of measures and aims to provide a practical guide to PM for managers and staff.\\r\

Carrick, H

2013-05-24

200

Tabaquismo y salud mental Tobacco smoking and mental health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Smoking continues to be one of the most important health burdens worldwide. Aim: To describe smoking habits and associated risk factors in the population of Santiago, Chile. Material and methods: A cross sectional study of a representative sample of the population, from 16 to 64 years old, residents of Santiago, Chile (total population: 3,237,286. A structured interview that included questions about use of tobacco, the CIS-R interviews, used for common mental disorders, were applied. Results: From the sample of 4,693 households, 3,870 people were interviewed (52.2% women, 47.8% men and 10% refused. Forty percent of the population currently smoked (52.5% men, 47.8% women. «Being a current smoker» was associated with being younger than 55, male sex, and having a common mental disorder. Discussion: Smoking is highly prevalent in Chile, as compared with developed countries and with some developing countries. Gender differences in use of tobacco have decreased. A higher risk of smoking for people with mental disorders is confirmed (Rev Méd Chile 2003; 131: 873-80

Graciela Rojas C

2003-08-01

 
 
 
 
201

USAF Flight Surgeon Survey: Aircrew Mental Health Referrals and Satisfaction with Local Mental Health Providers Response.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study surveyed USAF flight surgeons world-wide regarding their experiences with aircrew needing mental health services. Participants were asked to review their caseload of active duty aircrew members over the past 12 months to answer survey items ass...

J. Patterson T. Paulding W. Chappelle

2008-01-01

202

Mental health intervention in Bam earthquake crisis: a qualitative Study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Mental health needs to increase in disasters and this study assesses the basic and mental health needs and delivered services during the first month after Bam (Iran) earthquake disaster in year 2004."nMethods: Thirty Five mental health professionals and experts were involved in mental health care and interventions for survivors in Tehran general hospitals and in the Bam, were participated in a focus group qualitative study, and finding analyzed after coding from tape recorder...

Bolhari J; Chime N

2007-01-01

203

Improving responses to depression and related disorders: evaluation of a innovative, general, mental health care workers training program  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Australian General Practitioners have been beneficiaries of extensive training in mental health care delivery over the last few years but less so other workers who support those with mental illness. Training is needed as it is widely recognised that the most effective interventions to prevent and treat mental disorders are often not readily available. The Mental Health Aptitudes into Practice (MAP training package is a broad, innovative, interdisciplinary, general mental health training aimed at improving responses to individuals with depression and related disorders. The modular structure of this training program meant that such training could be targeted at those with varied backgrounds. Two hundred and seventy one days of free MAP training was delivered across Victoria in 2004/2005. The evaluation reported here assessed whether changes occurred in the trainees' confidence, mental health literacy, attitudes towards effective treatments, mental health knowledge and skills and community mental health ideology following training. Methods These elements were assessed using pen and paper tests prior, immediately following, 6 months after and then 12 months after the training. Trainees' confidence, mental health literacy and social distance were measured using scales that have been used in evaluations of Mental Health First Aid Training. Community mental health ideology was measured using a sub-scale of the Community Attitudes to the Mentally Ill (CAMI scale. The trainees' knowledge and skills were accessed using instrumentation specifically designed for this evaluation. Results Following training, participants had more confidence in their ability to work with those who have mental health issues and less desire for social distance from them. Participants' knowledge and skills in relation to the treatment of mental disorders increased. These changes were observed immediately after training. The limited existing evidence suggests these changes were sustained six and twelve months later. Conclusions MAP training can be used to develop the capacity and capabilities of mental health workers.

Graham Annette L

2010-09-01

204

Mental health nursing and stress: maintaining balance.  

Science.gov (United States)

The recruitment and retention of mental health nurses within acute inpatient mental health facilities continues to be an ongoing issue. Literature and current research highlight an environment fraught with pressure and stress, identifying several key factors contributing to job dissatisfaction. These factors include greater patient acuity, unpredictable and challenging workspaces, violence, increased paperwork, and reduced managerial support. This qualitative, critical, feminist exploration investigated the lived experiences of 13 female mental health nurses working in inpatient services. They were asked about their practice and perceptions of workplace culture, and they shared their thoughts on stress management and professional well-being. Positive workplace practice was highlighted, and the participants revealed an environment they were proud to be a part of. Individual interviews, focus groups, and reflective practice were all used to collect data. The findings from the investigation unanimously support current literature that clearly confirms mental health nursing to be stressful. Interestingly, however, the findings also clearly identified that the way in which the nurse participants managed their stress was intrinsically linked to their job satisfaction. The major theme identified throughout the present study revealed that the female participants' ability to manage an at times complex workspace through the notions of teamwork, diversity, and creativity. All of the participants considered these elements as significant to providing a high standard in patient care. This research might provide an opportunity for others to view mental health nursing from a different perspective, and through the lived experiences of the participants, embrace the positive and rewarding aspects of the role. PMID:21371222

Ward, Louise

2011-04-01

205

Infusing Early Childhood Mental Health into Early Intervention Services  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes the process of enhancing early childhood mental health awareness and skills in non-mental health staff. The author describes a pilot training model, conducted the U.S. Army's Early Intervention Services, that involved: (a) increasing early childhood mental health knowledge through reflective readings, (b) enhancing…

Grabert, John C.

2009-01-01

206

Socioeconomic and Demographic Determinants of Mental Health across Canadian Communities  

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Full Text Available Background Many factors contribute to health. This study uses community level data to estimate the impact of socioeconomic and demographic factors as well as physical health on community mental health outcomes. Method Multiple regression analysis was used to estimate the impact of determinants on community mental health outcomes for men and women using community level data from up to 113 health regions covering almost the entire population in Canada. Results Study findings indicate that communities with higher proportions of aboriginal people have greater mental illness hospitalization. Minorities have poorer perceived mental health but better objective measures of less mental illness hospitalization and self injury hospitalization. Also, communities with higher proportion of low income persons show poorer results for many objective mental health outcomes. Higher prevalence of lone parents in a community is associated with greater perceived life stress and greater mental illness hospitalizations for men. Poor physical health is also a predictor of poor mental health. Conclusion Improving the living conditions of aboriginal people and other low income people could reduce mental illness hospitalizations in a community, helping minorities the majority of whom are immigrants with their settlements in their host communities could improve perceived mental health and life stress, and helping lone parents who are men with counseling services to better cope with their situations could reduce their perceived life stress and mental illness hospitalization. Also, improving the physical health of individuals across communities could have a positive impact on mental health outcomes across communities.

Jalil Safaei

2012-01-01

207

Mental Health Issues and Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders  

Science.gov (United States)

Students with emotional and behavioral challenges are significantly impacted by mental health issues. Teachers and other school staff need mental health knowledge to work more effectively with these students. Collaboration with mental health professionals and sharing of information is essential. [For complete volume, see ED539318.

DeLoach, Kendra P.; Dvorsky, Melissa; Miller, Elaine; Paget, Michael

2012-01-01

208

Disasters and Mental Health Research  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Health Research More Multimedia by Year 2013 2012 2011 2010 Multimedia by Topic Disorders Attention Deficit Hyperactivity ... Treatments (4 Items) Multimedia by Year 2013 2012 2011 2010 Multimedia by Topic Disorders Attention Deficit Hyperactivity ...

209

Mental health care of Filipino Americans.  

Science.gov (United States)

Filipino Americans are the second-fastest-growing Asian immigrant group in the United States, following the Chinese. Yet there exists a dearth of information on mental health issues concerning Filipino Americans, who represent a diverse mixture of culture, beliefs, and practices and vary widely from other minorities as well as from the larger population. This group has experienced emotional and behavioral challenges in acclimatizing to Western culture. Their historical underpinnings, native core values, and traditions exert a crucial influence on their mental well-being. Filipino Americans underutilize existing mental health care services that are culturally, socially, and linguistically incompatible with their needs. Along with stigma, the adherence of traditional practices and healing methods remains a formidable barrier to the appropriate provision of care. The authors review factors influencing perceptions of mental health and illness, including religion, family, support systems, coping styles, and indigenous culture-bound traits. Recommendations for treatment consist of a structured, culturally sensitive, comprehensive approach that addresses the individual as well as the cultural milieu. PMID:17535941

Sanchez, Francis; Gaw, Albert

2007-06-01

210

Global mental health: transformative capacity building in Nicaragua  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Mental health is increasingly recognised as integral to good public health, but this area continues to lack sufficient planning, resources, and global strategy. It is a pressing concern in Latin America, where social determinants of health aggravate existing inequities in access to health services. Nicaragua faces serious mental health needs and challenges. One key strategy for addressing gaps in mental health services is building capacity at the primary healthcare and system leve...

Sapag, Jaime C.; Herrera, Andr X. E. S.; Ruth Trainor; Trinidad Caldera; Akwatu Khenti

2013-01-01

211

Common Mental Health Conditions in Primary Care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Common mental health problems particularly depression and anxiety are frequently found in primary care settings. Depression can range from mild to severe but even in less severe cases can cause problems with normal functioning. Anxiety regularly manifests itself with depression but anxiety disorders, of which there are several, are also likely to disrupt normal life. There are several treatments for these conditions both pharmacological and psychological. Severe mental illness (SMI, generally bipolar disorder and schizophrenia, is also managed by primary care health professionals therefore it is essential these professionals are aware of how these conditions may present and the current treatments available. Bipolar disorder, a serious mood disorder, is often under-diagnosed in primary care that has implications for the individual’s care and treatment. People with schizophrenia are often monitored by primary care health professionals although liaison and referral to secondary services is recommended for both these SMIs. A holistic recovery focused approach to care is recommended.

Fiona Carver

2013-10-01

212

Music Regions and Mental Maps: Teaching Cultural Geography  

Science.gov (United States)

Music informs understandings of place and is an excellent vehicle for teaching cultural geography. A study was developed of geography students' perception of where music genres predominate in the United States. Its approach, involving mental map exercises, reveals the usefulness and importance of maps as an iterative process in teaching cultural…

Shobe, Hunter; Banis, David

2010-01-01

213

Education in mental health promotion and its impact on the participants' attitudes and perceived mental health  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Although the promotion of mental health (MHP through education and training is widely accepted, there is scarce evidence for its effectiveness in the literature from outcome studies worldwide. The present study aimed to assess the effect of a three-semester MHP educational program on the recipients' opinions towards mental illness and on their own self-assessed health. Methods Respondents were 78 attendees who completed the assessment battery at the first (baseline and the last session (end of the training course. They were primary care physicians or other professionals, or key community agents, working in the greater Athens area. The course consisted of 44 sessions (4 h each, over a 3-semester period, focusing on the principles and methods of mental health promotion, the main aspects of major psychiatric disorders, and on relevant to health skills. Assessment instruments included the Opinion about Mental Illness (OMI scale and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28. Results The mean scores of three OMI factors, that is, social discrimination, social restriction and social integration, and the two GHQ-28 subscales, that is, anxiety/insomnia and social dysfunction, were significantly improved by the end of the training course. Conclusions The results of this study provide evidence, with limitations, for the short-term effectiveness of the implemented educational MHP program on an adult group of recipients-key agents in their community. Because interventions for strengthening positive opinions about mental illness and enhancing self-assessed health constitute priority aims of mental health promotion, it would be beneficial to further investigate the sustainability of the observed positive changes. In addition it would be useful to examine (a the possible interplay between the two outcome measures, that is, the effect of opinions of recipients about mental health on their perceived health, and (b the applicability of this intervention in individuals with different sociodemographic profiles.

Tomaras Vlassis D

2011-12-01

214

Eating Disorders: National Institute of Mental Health’s Perspective  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The mission of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) is to reduce the burden of mental and behavioral disorders through research, and eating disorders embody an important fraction of this burden. Although past and current research has provided important knowledge regarding the etiology, classification, pathophysiology, and treatment of the eating disorders, there are still significant challenges that need to be addressed. This article briefly describes some of these challenges, recen...

2007-01-01

215

Mental health literacy and attitudes in a Swedish community sample – Investigating the role of personal experience of mental health care  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Mental ill health is a common condition in the general population, yet only about half of those with a mental disorder have treatment contact. Personal experience may affect attitudes, which in turn influence the help-seeking process. This study investigated differences in mental health literacy and attitudes among mentally healthy persons and in persons with symptoms of mental illness with and without treatment contact. Method A postal scree...

Dahlberg Karin M; Waern Margda; Runeson Bo

2008-01-01

216

Challenges in mental health care in the Family Health Strategy  

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Full Text Available Objective: To discuss the practice of mental health care performed by healthcare professionals from the Family Health Strategy in Fortaleza-CE, Brazil. Methods: This is a critical and reflective study conducted in six Basic Health Units in Fortaleza-Ce. The study subjects were 12 health workers of the following professions: doctor, nurse, community health agents and technical and/or nursing assistant. Semi-structured interviews, systematic observationand questionnaire were used for data collection. The empirical analysis was based on an understanding of the discourses through critical hermeneutics. Results: It was evident that the mental health services are developed by some health workers in the ESF, such as, matrix support, relational technologies, home visits and community group therapy. However, there is still deficiency in training/coaching by most professionals in primary care, due to anenduring model of pathological or curative health care. Conclusion: Mental health care is still occasionally held by some workers in primary care. However, some progresses are already present as matrix support, relational technologies in health care, home visits andcommunity therapy.

Consuelo Helena Aires de Freitas

2011-06-01

217

Bringing changes to Asian mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Asian Psychiatry like the Asian continent has a very diverse and complex history of development that has led to enormous gaps in level of advancement. The very affluent countries have very well developed medical services; but most Asian psychiatric services, training and state of advancement leaves a lot to be desired. The marginalization of psychiatric services and mental health in health care in Asia has led to very irregular development of basic services for the mentally ill. Concepts such as counseling, psychotherapy, rehabilitation are far behind in practice compared to medication in Asia. There are also poor human and material resources for the 21st century's practice of psychiatry in the community or hospital settings. This paper discusses some of these problems and suggests some alternative ways to overcome them. PMID:19012135

Deva, M Parameshvara

2008-10-01

218

Spiritual assessment in mental health recovery.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental health recovery-oriented and strengths model proponents recognize spirituality to be a key aspect of the recovery process. In order to incorporate spirituality in practice, practitioners need to know how to conduct spiritual assessment effectively. Although implicit and explicit spiritual assessment approaches have been identified as useful frameworks for conducting spiritual assessment, there is a gap in knowledge about what constitutes effective approaches and questions for addressing spirituality in the lives of people with psychiatric disabilities. To address this gap, focus group interviews were conducted with providers and consumers of mental health services in order to develop practical guidance for spiritual assessment. Focus group participants provided feedback about a list of sample spiritual assessment questions and then suggested principles and questions for practitioners to use. Collective insights from the focus groups formed the basis for recommendations for spiritual assessment. PMID:24193295

Gomi, Sachiko; Starnino, Vincent R; Canda, Edward R

2014-05-01

219

Trajectories of poverty and children's mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Using data from three waves of the Children of the National Longitudinal Surveys of Youth data set (1986, 1988, 1990), we examine the dynamic relationship between children's family histories of poverty and their developmental trajectories of mental health. Children who were poor in 1986 or who had prior histories of poverty had higher levels of depression and antisocial behavior in that year. Furthermore, subsequent poverty histories were also related to children's mental health trajectories. The number of years that children were poor between 1986 and 1990 correlates significantly with changes in children's antisocial behavior during those years. Finally, rates of increase in antisocial behavior were substantially higher for children with histories of persistent poverty during those years than for transiently poor or nonpoor children. These results demonstrate the accelerating behavioral disadvantages faced by persistently poor children. PMID:8898493

Mcleod, J D; Shanahan, M J

1996-09-01

220

Quality improvement of forensic mental health evaluations and reports of youth in the Netherlands.  

Science.gov (United States)

Quality improvement of forensic mental health evaluations and reports is needed, but little information is available on how this can be attained, and relatively little conceptual analysis has been undertaken. The STAR, a standardized evaluation instrument of the quality of forensic mental health reports of youth, is developed on the basis of concept mapping to clarify the different perspectives on usability of these reports. Psychometric data are provided, demonstrating the reliability and supporting the validity of the STAR. The Dutch forensic context is described to better understand the development and psychometric properties of this standardized instrument. Quality improvement possibilities of forensic mental health evaluations and reports are discussed. PMID:23040679

Duits, Nils; van der Hoorn, Steven; Wiznitzer, Martin; Wettstein, Robert M; de Beurs, Edwin

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Mental health issues in unaccompanied refugee minors  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Previous studies about unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) showed that they are a highly vulnerable group who have greater psychiatric morbidity than the general population. This review focuses on mental health issues among URMs. Articles in databases PsycINFO, Medline and PubMed from 1998 to 2008 addressing this topic were reviewed. The literature had a considerable emphasis on the assessment of PTSD symptoms. Results revealed higher levels of PTSD symptoms in comparison t...

Huemer Julia; Karnik Niranjan S; Voelkl-Kernstock Sabine; Granditsch Elisabeth; Dervic Kanita; Friedrich Max H; Steiner Hans

2009-01-01

222

PERSONALITY AND MENTAL HEALTH OF PSYCHIATRY RESIDENTS  

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The clinician-patient relationship is more intense in the field of psychiatry than in other specialities of medicine. In this context, an understanding of the personality assets and liabilities of a psychiatrist takes on special significance. In the present comparative cross-sectional study, the personality profile, positive mental health characteristics and empathy were studied in two groups of residents in psychiatry and one in general medicine. Residents in psychiatry had greater amount of...

Chowdhury, Jyotirmoy Roy; Channabasavanna, S. M.; Prabhu, G. G.; Sarmukaddam, S.

1987-01-01

223

Mental health consumers and employment opportunities  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Mental health consumers experience significantly high rates of unemployment compared with the general population. A qualitative study was conducted to identify the key barriers hindering employment opportunities. Evidence from this research suggests many barriers to employment, including stigma, lack of social support networks, low-levels of educational attainment and vocational experience, lack of meaningful employment opportunities, lack of vocational training and overall lack of awareness ...

Kang, Daljit

2005-01-01

224

Parental violence and adolescent mental health  

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Being the target of parental violent acts decreases child adjustment and increases the likelihood of mental health problems in childhood and adolescence. Our study analyses how different types of parental violence ranging from verbal threats and swearing to hitting and kicking a child, are associated with child adjustment, indicated by strengths and difficulties scale (SDQ) total problem score, internalizing and externalizing problems as well as prosocial behaviour. We also study whether girl...

2010-01-01

225

Citizenship and Mental Health Policy in Europe  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The problems confronted by people who experience mental disorders are often conceptualised in terms of health and illness. However, these problems extend far beyond the healthcare system, into all areas of human life. Having a psychiatric diagnosis may have a negative impact on every aspect of the individual’s life, leading to the deprivation or limitation of rights in relation to housing, employment, and family life. In this article, some of these problems are discussed within the theoreti...

Prior, Pauline

2007-01-01

226

Age differences in mental health literacy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The community's knowledge and beliefs about mental health problems, their risk factors, treatments and sources of help may vary as a function of age. Methods Data were taken from an epidemiological survey conducted during 2003–2004 with a national clustered sample of Australian adults aged 18 years and over. Following the presentation of a vignette describing depression (n = 1001) or schizophrenia (n = 997), respondents were asked a series ...

Farrer Louise; Leach Liana; Griffiths Kathleen M; Christensen Helen; Jorm Anthony F

2008-01-01

227

Perinatal depression: implications for child mental health  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Perinatal depression is common and primary care holds a crucial role for detecting, treating or, if necessary, providing referrals to mental health care for affected women. Family doctors should be aware of risk factors for peripartum depression, including previous history of depression, life events and interpersonal conflict. Perinatal depression has been associated with many poor outcomes, including maternal, child and family unit challenges. Infants and young children of perinatally depres...

Muzik, Maria; Borovska, Stefana

2010-01-01

228

Grupos de saúde mental na atenção primária à saúde / Mental health groups in primary health care  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa, do tipo pesquisa-intervenção, realizada em duas equipes de Atenção Primária à Saúde que objetivou analisar as práticas de cuidado desenvolvidas nos grupos de saúde mental e a sua correspondência com os processos de desinstitucionalização da loucura, inscritos na [...] reforma psiquiátrica brasileira. Utilizou como métodos de investigação: intervenções nos grupos de saúde mental, entrevistas semiestruturadas, oficinas com os profissionais das equipes e diário de campo. Os resultados apontaram para uma compreensão do grupo de saúde mental como dispositivo desinstitucionalizante quando este se constitui em um espaço de cuidado psicossocial, utiliza-se da rede de saúde, dos recursos do território, da ampliação dos laços sociais e permite aos participantes perceberem-se sujeitos protagonistas de suas vidas. Também indicaram a coexistência dos modos de atenção asilar e psicossocial nas práticas dos profissionais. Como estratégias para o fortalecimento da atenção psicossocial foram indicadas a educação permanente e as trocas multiprofissionais. Abstract in english This is a qualitative intervention-research carried out in two teams of Primary Health Care which aimed to analyze the practices of care developed by mental health groups, as well as their correlation with the process of deinstitutionalization of madness embedded in the Brazilian psychiatric reform. [...] The research used the following as investigation methods: interventions in the mental health groups, semi-structured interviews, workshops with professionals from the mental health groups and daily field reports. The results led to the understanding of the mental health groups as deinstitutionalizing devices, when they provide psychosocial care, use the health network and the territorial resources, foster the expansion of social ties and allow participants to be recognized as protagonists of their own lives. The outcomes also indicated the coexistence of the forms of sheltering and psychosocial care in professionals? practices. Continuing education and multidisciplinary exchanges were pointed out as strategies to strengthen psychosocial care.

Minozzo, Fabiane; Kammzetser, Christiane Silveira; Debastiani, Cinara; Fait, Cláudia Sedano; Paulon, Simone Mainieri.

229

Mysticism and mental health: A critical dialogue  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Contemporary research suggests that a path is now open for critical dialogue between mysticism and mental health. Data are accumulating regarding the frequency with which mystical experience occurs in the general population. Social science researchers are undertaking studies to determine whether people can knowledgably differentiate between the presence of a mystical experience and other types of experience that occur in their lives. Psychologists are developing clinical criteria by which the mystical and psychotic experience can be differentiated. Neuropsychiatric researchers are exploring the effect of the mystical experience by way of enhanced brain imagery. Theologians are opening up the received wisdom of the mystical tradition and applying it to the present historical context. This paper drew these diverse disciplines together to demonstrate an emerging consensus with respect to the efficacy of mysticism in the field of mental health.

How to cite this article: Drazenovich, G. & Kourie, C., 2010, ‘Mysticism and mental health: A critical dialogue’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 66(2, Art. #845, 8 pages. DOI: 10.4102/hts.v66i2.845

George Drazenovich

2010-08-01

230

Sponsored long walk to raise awareness of mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental health nurse consultant Phil Cooper is testing his state of mind and mental fitness with a walk from Land's End to John O'Groats to coincide with International Nurses' Day and Mental Health Awareness Week, May 12-18. PMID:24823588

Rae, Malcolm

2014-05-14

231

Symposium on Economic Change, Scarcity and Mental Health Administration.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses challenges to the mental health field as a result of severe economic change. The six articles deal with reindustrialization, the effect of the labor market on mental hospital and prison use, retrenchment strategies, mental health problems in energy boomtowns, and economic issues of public policy. (JAC)

Feldman, Saul, ed.

1983-01-01

232

Community mental health in India: A rethink  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Community care of the chronic mentally ill has always been prevalent in India, largely due to family involvement and unavailability of institutions. In the 80s, a few mental health clinics became operational in some parts of the country. The Schizophrenia Research Foundation (SCARF, an NGO in Chennai had established a community clinic in 1989 in Thiruporur, which was functional till 1999. During this period various programmes such as training of the primary health center staff, setting up a referral system, setting up of a Citizen's Group, and self-employment schemes were initiated. It was decided to begin a follow up in 2005 to determine the present status of the schemes as well as the current status of the patients registered at the clinic. This we believed would lead to pointers to help evolve future community based programmes. Methods One hundred and eighty five patients with chronic mental illness were followed up and their present treatment status determined using a modified version of the Psychiatric and Personal History Schedule (PPHS. The resources created earlier were assessed and qualitative information was gathered during interviews with patient and families and other stakeholders to identify the reasons behind the sustenance or failure of these initiatives. Results Of the 185 patients followed up, 15% had continued treatment, 35% had stopped treatment, 21% had died, 12% had wandered away from home and 17% were untraceable. Of the patients who had discontinued treatment 25% were asymptomatic while 75% were acutely psychotic. The referral service was used by only 15% of the patients and mental health services provided by the PHC stopped within a year. The Citizen's group was functional for only a year and apart from chicken rearing, all other self-employment schemes were discontinued within a period of 6 months to 3 years. There were multiple factors contributing to the failure, the primary reasons being the limited access and associated expenses entailed in seeking treatment, inadequate knowledge about the illness, lack of support from the family and community and continued dependence by the family on the service provider to provide solutions. Conclusion Community based initiatives in the management of mental disorders however well intentioned will not be sustainable unless the family and the community are involved in the intervention program with support being provided regularly by mental health professionals.

Aynkran Jothy R

2008-07-01

233

General Practitioners' opinions on their practice in mental health and their collaboration with mental health professionals  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Common mental health problems are mainly treated in primary care settings and collaboration with mental health services is needed. Prior to re-organisation of the mental health care offer in a geographical area, a study was organized: 1 to evaluate GPs' opinions on their day-to-day practice with Patients with Mental Health Problems (PMHP and on relationships with Mental Health Professionals (MHPro; 2 to identify factors associated with perceived need for collaboration with MHPro and with actual collaboration. Methods All GPs in the South Yvelines area in France (n = 492 were informed of the implementation of a local mental health program. GPs interested in taking part (n = 180 were invited to complete a satisfaction questionnaire on their practice in the field of Mental Health and to include prospectively all PMHP consultants over an 8-day period (n = 1519. For each PMHP, data was collected on demographic and clinical profile, and on needs (met v. unmet for collaboration with MHPro. Results A majority of GPs rated PMHP as requiring more care (83.4%, more time (92.3%, more frequent consultations (64.0% and as being more difficult to refer (87.7% than other patients. A minority of GPs had a satisfactory relationship with private psychiatrists (49.5%, public psychiatrists (35% and social workers (27.8%. 53.9% had a less satisfactory relationship with MHPro than with other physicians. Needs for collaboration with a MHPro were more often felt in caring for PMHP who were young, not in employment, with mental health problems lasting for more than one year, with a history of psychiatric hospitalization, and showing reluctance to talk of psychological problems and to consult a MHPro. Needs for collaboration were more often met among PMHP with past psychiatric consultation or hospitalization and when the patient was not reluctant to consult a MHPro. Where needs were not met, GP would opt for the classic procedure of mental health referral for only 31.3% of their PMHP. Conclusion GPs need targeted collaboration with MHPro to support their management of PMHP, whom they are willing to care for without systematic referral to specialists as the major therapeutic option.

Chaillet Marie-Pierre

2005-05-01

234

Mental Illness and Mental Health: The Two Continua Model Across the Lifespan  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Mental health has long been defined as the absence of psychopathologies, such as depression and anxiety. The absence of mental illness, however, is a minimal outcome from a psychological perspective on lifespan development. This article therefore focuses on mental illness as well as on three core components of positive mental health: feelings of happiness and satisfaction with life (emotional well-being), positive individual functioning in terms of self-realization (psychological well-being),...

Westerhof, Gerben J.; Keyes, Corey L. M.

2010-01-01

235

Mental health research in Brazil: policies, infrastructure, financing and human resources  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of this descriptive study was to map mental health research in Brazil, providing an overview of infrastructure, financing and policies mental health research. As part of the Atlas-Research Project, a WHO initiative to map mental health research in selected low and middle-income countries, this study was carried out between 1998 and 2002. Data collection strategies included evaluation of governmental documents and sites and questionnaires sent to key professionals for providing information about the Brazilian mental health research infrastructure. In the year 2002, the total budget for Health Research was US$101 million, of which US$3.4 million (3.4 was available for Mental Health Research. The main funding sources for mental health research were found to be the São Paulo State Funding Agency (Fapesp, 53.2% and the Ministry of Education (CAPES, 30.2%. The rate of doctors is 1.7 per 1,000 inhabitants, and the rate of psychiatrists is 2.7 per 100,000 inhabitants estimated 2000 census. In 2002, there were 53 postgraduate courses directed to mental health training in Brazil (43 in psychology, six in psychiatry, three in psychobiology and one in psychiatric nursing, with 1,775 students being trained in Brazil and 67 overseas. There were nine programs including psychiatry, neuropsychiatry, psychobiology and mental health, seven of them implemented in Southern states. During the five-year period, 186 students got a doctoral degree (37 per year and 637 articles were published in Institute for Scientic Information (ISI-indexed journals. The investment channeled towards postgraduate and human resource education programs, by means of grants and other forms of research support, has secured the country a modest but continuous insertion in the international knowledge production in the mental health area.

Mari Jair de Jesus

2006-01-01

236

Students' mental health problems: a critical inquiry.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to examine the subjective and environmental factors underlying students categorized as "single reports" reporting to the Academic Mental Health Consulting (MHC) units in Poland. An attempt was made to verify a common assumption that so called low-achieving students use the health care system to find legitimate excuses for their academic and personal failures. Obtaining a doctor's certificate explaining their health status provides people with many "privileges". This study revealed a discrepancy between the "official" description of 1740 student files and their subjective reasons for contacting the MHC obtained through a questionnaire. The study further revealed a lack of student follow up as recommended by the MHC. The study findings seem to confirm the assumed misuse of the health care system by underachieving students. A recommendation was made as how we can reduce this misuse of students services. PMID:1775798

P?otka, A

1991-01-01

237

Attitudes of Older Korean Americans Toward Mental Health Services  

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Given the increasing evidence that older ethnic minorities underuse mental health services, the present study assessed determinants of attitudes toward mental health services with a sample of older Korean Americans (N = 472). Adapting Andersen’s behavioral health model, predisposing factors (age, sex, marital status, education, length of residence in the United States), mental health needs (anxiety, suicidal ideation, depressive symptoms), and enabling factors (personal experiences and beli...

Jang, Yuri; Kim, Giyeon; Hansen, Lianne; Chiriboga, David A.

2007-01-01

238

Mental disorders, health inequalities and ethics: A global perspective  

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The global burden of neuropsychiatry diseases and related mental health conditions is enormous, underappreciated and under resourced, particularly in the developing nations. The absence of adequate and quality mental health infrastructure and workforce is increasingly recognized. The ethical implications of inequalities in mental health for people and nations are profound and must be addressed in efforts to fulfil key bioethics principles of medicine and public health: respect for individuals...

Ngui, Emmanuel M.; Khasakhala, Lincoln; Ndetei, David; Roberts, Laura Weiss

2010-01-01

239

Forming Life:Aesthetic Awareness in Mental Health Care  

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Using cross-disciplinary perspectives from artistic research, aesthetic theory, and mental health care, this article discusses qualities in sensuous surroundings in mental health facilities. Although the background for the article is in the increased awareness in aesthetic research concerning sensuous surroundings and their connection to health and well-being, this aesthetic research is only reflected to a small extent in research on mental health care surroundings. A further development of t...

Berg, Arild; Christensen-scheel, Boel; Ingeberg, Mette Holme

2013-01-01

240

PEDIATRIC MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS AND ASSOCIATED BURDEN ON FAMILIES  

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Approximately 20% of children in the United States have mental health problems. The factors associated with childhood mental health problems and the associated burdens on families are not well understood. Therefore, our goals were to profile mental health problems in children to identify disparities, and to quantify and identify correlates of family burden. We used the National Survey of Children’s Health, 2003 (N=85,116 children aged 3–17 years) for this analysis. The prevalence, unadjus...

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Mental Health Stigma: Where do We Stand?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Mental illness stigma has been the focus of increasing attention in the past few years, with an exponential increase in scientific publications on the subject. This phenomenon is a source of suffering for the patient undermining the achievement of personal goals and full social integration. In this article, the authors present a selective review of the literature on mental illness stigma, going through its definition, origins, repercussions, patients’ subjective experiences and strategies to challenge stigma. The literature presents stigma as being a complex phenomenon, whose definitions derive from different epis- temological roots (sociology, psychology and psychiatry. Its impact on the lives of people with a mental illness is well acknowledged and seems to translate into decreased opportunities, loss of self-esteem and self-concept, decreased quality of life, social support and empowerment, thus limiting the adoption or performance of regular social roles. Stigma has also been shown to compromise access to health care, not only psychiatric treatment but also general medical care, thus increasing the morbidity and mortality in this vulnerable population. A considerable amount of effort has been put into the comprehension of this phenomenon and to designing strategies for fighting stigma, which also include promoting health-care professionals’ awareness of the topic in order to improve clinical practice and global quality of care.

Salomé Xavier

2014-06-01

242

Negative emotions impact on mental physical health  

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Full Text Available Fear, sadness, anger and disgust are considered affective states, that when they become frequent and intense, adversely affect the quality of life. Consequently, negative emotions are regarded as one of the key risk factors in physical and mental illness. Firstly, this article aims to define precisely concepts and key features of each emotion. The second objective of this paper is to show a synthesis of scientific findings supporting the influence of emotional factors, especially classic negative emotions in the process of health and disease. These psychophysiological phenomena have been associated with mental and physical illness as influencing variables in its initiation, development and maintenance. Therefore, the paper reviews some of the links between these four negative emotions and mental disorders. It also reviews the evidence supporting the influence of negative emotions in the development of risk behaviors to physical health. Finally, we describe some data supporting the impact of psychophysiological activation of emotions in organic systems, such as, for instance, immunity, tumor processes and so on

Oblitas, Luis Armando

2009-12-01

243

Garnering Partnerships to Bridge Gaps Among Mental Health, Health Care, and Public Health  

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Full Text Available Integrating mental health and public health chronic disease programs requires partnerships at all government levels. Four examples illustrate this approach: 1 a federal partnership to implement mental health and mental illness modules in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System; 2 a state partnership to improve diabetes health outcomes for people with mental illness; 3 a community-level example of a partnership with local aging and disability agencies to modify a home health service to reduce depression and improve quality of life among isolated, chronically ill seniors; and 4 a second community-level example of a partnership to promote depression screening and management and secure coverage in primary care settings. Integration of mental health and chronic disease public health programs is a challenging but essential and achievable task in protecting Americans’ health.

Elsie Freeman, MD, MPH

2010-01-01

244

Postpartum Mental Health among Young Women  

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Full Text Available Background: A number of studies have highlighted the physical health problems associated with adolescent pregnancy in Saudi Arabia , However there were few studies dealing with the postpartum psychiatric disorders .The study aims to determine the prevalence of postpartum psychological distress and to evaluate the associated risk factors in a sample of primigravid young women in Al Ahsa region, Saudi Arabia. Methods: We assessed the prevalence of postnatal mental health in 190 young mothers attending the maternity hospital using general health questionnaire. We also assessed the relationship between socio-demographic, psychiatric and obstetric risk factors and the mental health. Results: The percent of women with psychological distress was 35.2%. Significant risk of psychological distress was associated with several socio-demographic, psychiatric and obstetric risk factors. Only four items were found to be significant predictors of postpartum psychological distress; low family income, poor husband support, birth of female baby and gestational diabetes. Conclusions: These results highlighted importance of screening for psychological distress and its associated risk factors in the implementation of proper perinatal care for the pregnant Saudi adolescents.

Amr MA

2012-01-01

245

Family network support and mental health recovery.  

Science.gov (United States)

Family members often provide critical support to persons living with a serious mental illness. The focus of this study was to determine which dimensions of the family support network were most important to the recovery process from the perspective of the recovering person. Consumers of a community mental health program completed in-depth structured interviews that included separate measures of social network support and recovery. Consumers named an average of 2.6 family members on the social network, interacted with family on a weekly basis, and were quite satisfied with their contact. This study revealed that support and reciprocity with family members are important dimensions of a personal support network that relates to the recovery process. PMID:20074121

Pernice-Duca, Francesca

2010-01-01

246

Towards anti-oppressive practice in mental health nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

Working in Partnership, the Department of Health's report on the 1994 review of mental health nursing, implies that mental health nurses should develop anti-oppressive approaches to nursing practice. There is a notable absence of articles within the nursing literature which specifically address this issue. This is possibly because the historical and ideological issues which have informed the development of mental health nursing are complex and difficult to unravel. However, an integration of the theories of David Cooper and Frantz Fanon may provide an appropriate starting point for the development of a theory of anti-oppressive practice which addresses some of the issues specific to mental health nursing. PMID:9335656

Hopton, J

247

Public Policy and Mental Illnesses: Jimmy Carter's Presidential Commission on Mental Health  

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President Jimmy Carter's Presidential Commission on Mental Health was intended to recommend policies to overcome obvious deficiencies in the mental health system. Bureaucratic rivalries within and between governments; tensions and rivalries within the mental health professions; identity and interest group politics; the difficulties of distinguishing the respective etiological roles of such elements as poverty, racism, stigmatization, and unemployment; and an illusory faith in prevention all i...

Grob, Gerald N.

2005-01-01

248

Religiousness and mental health: a review Religiosidade e saúde mental: uma revisão  

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OBJECTIVE: The relationship between religiosity and mental health has been a perennial source of controversy. This paper reviews the scientific evidence available for the relationship between religion and mental health. METHOD: The authors present the main studies and conclusions of a larger systematic review of 850 studies on the religion-mental health relationship published during the 20th Century identified through several databases. The present paper also includes an update on the papers ...

Alexander Moreira-Almeida; Francisco Lotufo Neto; Koenig, Harold G.

2006-01-01

249

Review of mental-health-related stigma in Japan.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study is to understand the nature and characteristics of mental-health-related stigma among Japanese people. We searched relevant studies in English or Japanese published since 2001 using MEDLINE and PsycINFO, and found 19 studies that examined mental-health-related stigma in Japan. Regarding knowledge about mental illness, reviewed studies showed that in the Japanese general population, few people think that people can recover from mental disorders. Psychosocial factors, including weakness of personality, are often considered the cause of mental illness, rather than biological factors. In addition, the majority of the general public in Japan keep a greater social distance from individuals with mental illness, especially in close personal relationships. Schizophrenia is more stigmatized than depression, and its severity increases the stigmatizing attitude toward mental illness. The literature also showed an association between more direct social contact between health professionals and individuals with mental illness and less stigmatization by these professionals. Less stigmatization by mental health professionals may be associated with accumulation of clinical experience and daily contact with people who have mental illness. Stigmatizing attitudes in Japan are stronger than in Taiwan or Australia, possibly due to institutionalism, lack of national campaigns to tackle stigma, and/or society's valuing of conformity in Japan. Although educational programs appear to be effective in reducing mental-health-related stigma, future programs in Japan need to address problems regarding institutionalism and offer direct social contact with people with mental illness. PMID:24118217

Ando, Shuntaro; Yamaguchi, Sosei; Aoki, Yuta; Thornicroft, Graham

2013-11-01

250

Support from the Internet for Individuals with Mental Disorders: Advantages and Disadvantages of e-Mental Health Service Delivery  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental disorders are common in almost all industrialized countries and many emerging economies. While several trials have shown that effective treatments exist for mental disorders, such as pharmacotherapy, psychological interventions, and self-help programs, the treatment gap in mental health care remains pervasive. Unrestricted access to adequate medical care for people with mental disorders will be one of the pressing public mental health tasks in the near future. In addition, scarcity of financial resources across the public mental health sector is a powerful argument for investigating innovative alternatives of delivering mental health care. Thus, one challenge that arises in modern mental health care is the development of innovative treatment concepts. One possibility for improving mental health care services is to deliver them via the Internet. Online-based mental health services have the potential to address the unmet need for mental health care.

Moock, Jorn

2014-01-01

251

Mental health and emergency medicine: a research agenda.  

Science.gov (United States)

The burden of mental illness is profound and growing. Coupled with large gaps in extant psychiatric services, this mental health burden has often forced emergency departments (EDs) to become the de facto primary and acute care provider of mental health care in the United States. An expanded emergency medical and mental health research agenda is required to meet the need for improved education, screening, surveillance, and ED-initiated interventions for mental health problems. As an increasing fraction of undiagnosed and untreated psychiatric patients passes through the revolving doors of U.S. EDs, the opportunities for improving the art and science of acute mental health care have never been greater. These opportunities span macroepidemiologic surveillance research to intervention studies with individual patients. Feasible screening, intervention, and referral programs for mental health patients presenting to general EDs are needed. Additional research is needed to improve the quality of care, including the attitudes, abilities, interests, and virtues of ED providers. Research that optimizes provider education and training can help academic settings validate psychosocial issues as core components and responsibilities of emergency medicine. Transdisciplinary research with federal partners and investigators in neuropsychiatry and related fields can improve the mechanistic understanding of acute mental health problems. To have lasting impact, however, advances in ED mental health care must be translated into real-world policies and sustainable program enhancements to assure the uptake of best practices for ED screening, treatment, and management of mental disorders and psychosocial problems. PMID:20053230

Larkin, Gregory Luke; Beautrais, Annette L; Spirito, Anthony; Kirrane, Barbara M; Lippmann, Melanie J; Milzman, David P

2009-11-01

252

Palestinian mothers' perceptions of child mental health problems and services.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to explore Palestinian mothers' perceptions of child mental health problems and their understanding of their causes; to determine Palestinian mothers' awareness of existing services and sources of help and support; to identify professionals in the community whom Palestinian mothers would consult if their child had mental health problems; and to establish their views on ways of increasing awareness of child mental health issues and services. Checklists exploring the above issues were completed by 249 Palestinian mothers living in refugee camps in the Gaza Strip. Palestinian mothers equally perceived emotional, behavioural and psychotic symptoms as suggestive of mental ill health in childhood. Mothers perceived multiple causes of child mental health problems, including family problems, parental psychiatric illness and social adversity. A substantial proportion (42.6%) had knowledge of local child mental health care services. Overall, mothers preferred Western over traditional types of treatment, and were keen to increase mental health awareness within their society. Despite a different cultural tradition, Palestinian mothers appear open to a range of services and interventions for child mental health problems. As in other non-Western societies, child mental health service provision should be integrated with existing primary health care, schools, and community structures. PMID:16946953

Thabet, Abdel Aziz; El Gammal, Hossam; Vostanis, Panos

2006-06-01

253

Emerging applications of Geographic Information Systems (GIS in community and local mental health research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Medical geography or the use of geography to study disease traces back to ancient times (Meade and Earickson 2005. After the late 17th-century, medical geography became more formalized with developments in cartography and the introduction of maps of disease distribution (Koch 2005. By the 20th-century, medical geographers developed sophisticated statistical methods of geographical epidemiology to create maps allowing the spatial analysis of health-related issues (Elliott et al. 1997. For example, in mental health research, spatial analysis of geographic patterns of mental disorders led to the correlation of urban environments with increased risk for severe mental disorders (Freeman 1984. During recent years, technological innovation in computer mapping referred to as geographic information systems (GIS significantly enhanced the analysis of health questions in small local areas such as census blocks and neighborhoods. GIS analyses have shown superiority to classical geographic techniques in these small areas that eluded accurate investigation in the past.

James S. Brown

2013-03-01

254

[Interventions for mental health sequelae of accidents].  

Science.gov (United States)

Emergency psychology and psychotraumatology deal with the psychological sequelae of traumatic experiences, i.e., the prevention and early intervention of posttraumatic mental health disorders. Accidents are the most prevalent traumatic events in the general population that may result in a range of severe trauma and adjustment disorders. Accidents happen suddenly, unexpectedly, and can gravely threaten health, personal integrity, and life. The prevalence of intermittent and chronic psychiatric disorders in the aftermath of severe accidents varies between 5 and 30?%. Victims suffer from unknown and frightening posttraumatic symptoms, often irreversible handicaps as a consequence of their injuries, impairments in everyday functioning, and negative impact on the quality of life. The direct and indirect burden for society is high. Comprehensive secondary prevention, starting with early detection and early intervention of post-accident disorders, is not well established in clinical care. In case of severe accidental injuries, emergency and medical treatment has absolute priority. But all too often, severe mental health problems remain undetected in later treatment phases and therefore cannot be addressed adequately. In primary care, knowledge of specific psychodiagnostic and treatment options is still insufficient. Prejudices, denial, and fear of stigmatization in traumatized victims as well as practical constraints (availability, waiting time) in the referral to special evidence-based interventions limit the access to adequate and effective support. This overview presents the objectives, concepts, and therapeutic tools of a stepped-care model for psychological symptoms after accidental trauma, with reference to clinical guidelines. PMID:24863709

Angenendt, J

2014-06-01

255

[The transformation of occupational mental health in Japan].  

Science.gov (United States)

Occupational mental health has been practiced for approximately 90 years in Japan. Today, there are high expectations for psychiatrists to be aware of this topic. Some past discussions and opinions related to occupational mental health remain fully applicable today. Based on these discussions and opinions, psychiatrists concerned with occupational mental health should take a medium to long-term view of meeting the demands of the workplace. It goes without saying that cooperation between psychiatrists and occupational health staff in the practice of occupational mental health is very important, but there is also ground for controversy regarding the division of their roles. The roles that psychiatrists are demanded to fulfill in activities related to mental health differ according to factors such as the type of business, workplace size, and occupational health system in place. Psychiatrists should practices with an understanding of the perspective of occupational health. PMID:21381297

Hiro, Hisanori

2010-01-01

256

Abortion in Young Women and Subsequent Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: The extent to which abortion has harmful consequences for mental health remains controversial. We aimed to examine the linkages between having an abortion and mental health outcomes over the interval from age 15-25 years. Methods: Data were gathered as part of the Christchurch Health and Development Study, a 25-year longitudinal study…

Fergusson, David M.; Horwood, L. John; Ridder, Elizabeth M.

2006-01-01

257

Mental Health Stigma: Society, Individuals, and the Profession.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental health stigma operates in society, is internalized by individuals, and is attributed by health professionals. This ethics-laden issue acts as a barrier to individuals who may seek or engage in treatment services. The dimensions, theory, and epistemology of mental health stigma have several implications for the social work profession. PMID:22211117

Ahmedani, Brian K

2011-01-01

258

Mental Health Stigma: Society, Individuals, and the Profession  

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Mental health stigma operates in society, is internalized by individuals, and is attributed by health professionals. This ethics-laden issue acts as a barrier to individuals who may seek or engage in treatment services. The dimensions, theory, and epistemology of mental health stigma have several implications for the social work profession.

Ahmedani, Brian K.

2011-01-01

259

Clinical and Management Requirements for Computerized Mental Health Information Systems  

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Information requirements of mental health providers are sufficiently different from those of other health care managers to warrant a different approach to the development of management information systems (MIS). Advances in computer technology and increased demands for fiscal accountability have led to developing integrated mental health information systems (MHIS) that support clinical and management requirements.

Levinton, Paula H.; Dunning, Tessa F. E.

1980-01-01

260

Culture and mental health - A Southern African view  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This is a long awaited text within the field of mental health in South Africa, as there is very little written about culture and mental health within the specific context of South Africa. This book is very useful for students in any field of mental health like psychology, nursing, social work and medicine. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.

Leslie Swartz

1999-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Knowledge Translation in Mental Health: A Scoping Review  

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Intensified knowledge translation (KT) efforts are considered important in the field of mental health in order to accelerate the implementation of various developments in research, policy and practice. A scoping review of KT focused on the field of mental health was undertaken to help inform development of a Knowledge Exchange Centre being initiated by the Mental Health Commission of Canada. A systematic search of publications in English and French identified 187 publications that met inclusi...

Goldner, Elliot M.; Jeffries, Victoria; Bilsker, Dan; Jenkins, Emily; Menear, Matthew; Petermann, Lisa

2011-01-01

262

Mental health parity legislation: much ado about nothing?  

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OBJECTIVE: To determine whether state-level parity legislation has led to an increase in utilization of mental health services. DATA SOURCES: Healthcare For Communities (HCC), a multi-site nationally representative study sponsored by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation that tracks health care system changes for mental health and substance abuse treatment. Information on state-level parity legislation was provided by state offices of the National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI); local and ...

Pacula, R. L.; Sturm, R.

2000-01-01

263

Mental health in primary care for adolescent parents  

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Mental health care is important for everyone, especially teenagers. However, seeking mental health services may be challenging for teenagers, particularly when they are also parents. Offering mental health care in a safe, attractive and easily accessible manner, such as primary care, increases the chances that teenage parents will receive help. Comprehensive care models need to be established to address the many needs that at-risk young mothers and their children face. There are a number of p...

2012-01-01

264

The Clinical Neuroscience Course: Viewing Mental Health from Neurobiological Perspectives  

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Although the field of neuroscience is booming, a challenge for researchers in mental health disciplines is the integration of basic research findings into applied clinical approaches leading to effective therapies. Recently the National Institute of Mental Health called for translational research grants to encourage collaboration between neuroscientists and mental health professionals. In order for this “clinical neuroscience” to emerge and thrive, an important first step is the provision...

Lambert, Kelly G.

2005-01-01

265

Mental health in the early 1980s: some perspectives*  

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The field of mental health, at the present time, has an important potential for rapid development. The reasons for this include important new knowledge that has become available, increased awareness of governments about the size of mental health problems and about the importance of psychosocial factors, and the development of an appropriate technology and a new doctrine of mental health care which allow useful interventions to be made, even when financial resources are extremely scarce.

Sartorius, N.

1983-01-01

266

Palestinian mothers' perceptions of child mental health problems and services  

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The aim of this study was to explore Palestinian mothers' perceptions of child mental health problems and their understanding of their causes; to determine Palestinian mothers' awareness of existing services and sources of help and support; to identify professionals in the community whom Palestinian mothers would consult if their child had mental health problems; and to establish their views on ways of increasing awareness of child mental health issues and services. Checklis...

Thabet, Abdel Aziz; El Gammal, Hossam; Vostanis, Panos

2006-01-01

267

Impact of organisational change on mental health : a systematic review  

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Although limited evidence is available, organisational change is often cited as the cause of mental health problems. This paper provides an overview of the current literature regarding the impact of organisational change on mental health. A systematic search in PUBMED, PsychInfo and Web of Knowledge combining MeSH search terms for exposure and outcome. The criterion for inclusion was original data on exposure to organisational change with mental health problems as outcome. Both cross-sectiona...

Grandjean Bamberger, Simon; Vinding, Anker Lund; Larsen, Anelia; Nielsen, Peter; Fonager, Kirsten; Nielsen, Rene? Nesgaard; Ryom, Pia Køhler; Omland, Øyvind

2012-01-01

268

Application of Chinese Military Mental Health Scale in screening mental health of new recruits  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective ?To explore the value of Chinese Military Mental Health Scale (CMMHS in screening mental health and the risk factors associated with the pathogenesis of mental disorders to offer an objective tool for screening mental disorders among new recruits. Methods ?83 327 new recruits were screened with CMMHS, mainly combined with trace survey, psychological interview and Chinese Classification and Diagnostic Criteria for Mental Disorders version 3 (CCMD-3. 256 soldiers were diagnosed as having mental disorders and designated to the patient group, and another group of 256 healthy soldiers selected by stratified sampling were designated as control group. The rate of consistency in detection rate of mental disorders between CMMHS and clinical diagnosis was determined. Eight factors (X1?X8 of CMMHS were analyzed using discriminant analysis to examine the effects of the aforesaid scale on mental disorders screening. Results ?Sensitivity and specificity of the said scale were 87.89% and 95.94% respectively. The function of discriminant analysis: in the control group, Y=?1.913?0.097X1?0.176X2?0.488X3?0.519X4?0.042X5?0.456X6?0.282X7?0.156X8, and in the patient group, Y=?6.099?0.324X1?0.036X2?0.672X3?0.844X4?0.275X5?0.105X6?0.537X7?0.735X8. The total coincidence was 89.5% and the simple coincidence was 79% in patient group, and 100% in control group. The total misjudgement rate was 10.5%. The obsessive-compulsive factor, anxiety factor, depression factor, somatization factor and interpersonal sensitivity factor of CMMHS were the high-risk factors of developing mental disorders in new recruits. Conclusion ?There is no significant difference between CMMHS and CCMD-3 in terms of detection of mental disorders, and CMMHS can be used as an effective tool for screening mental disorders in new recruits due to its high sensitivity and specificity.

Yan-ling WANG

2012-05-01

269

University students, mental health and development.  

Science.gov (United States)

University students of the late 1960s and 1970s have been included in a study of factors affecting their mental health and academic functioning in many countries and cultures. Social change and intergenerational conflict were seen to be almost inseparable as social, economic and political concerns involve both students and their countries. Results of studies at Dalhousie University, six British universities, and the University of Singapore are examined in light of the socioeconomic problems existing at the time. High unemployment of university graduates, a growing factor in developing and developed nations, is pointed to as a major stress during a university education in the late 1970s. PMID:679139

Gold, J H

1978-08-01

270

A mental health training program for community health workers in India: impact on knowledge and attitudes  

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Abstract Background Unmet needs for mental health treatment in low income countries are pervasive. If mental health is to be effectively integrated into primary health care in low income countries like India then grass-roots workers need to acquire relevant knowledge and skills to be able to recognise, refer and support people experiencing mental disorders in their own communities. This study aims to provide a mental health training intervention to community health workers in...

Armstrong Gregory; Kermode Michelle; Raja Shoba; Suja Sujatha; Chandra Prabha; Jorm Anthony F

2011-01-01

271

Examining the Meaning Attached to Mental Illness and Mental Health Services Among Justice System-Involved Youth and Their Parents  

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A large percentage of youth involved in the juvenile justice system experience mental health problems, yet many do not receive mental health care. In this study, we used a process-focused framework of mental health decision making to gain insight into the use of mental health services among these youth. In-depth interviews were conducted with nine youth and nine parents participating in a program servicing youth with mental health problems who have been in detention. Themes related to problem...

Watson, Amy C.; Kelly, Brian L.; Vidalon, Theresa M.

2009-01-01

272

78 FR 77474 - National Institute of Mental Health; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Science.gov (United States)

...of Health National Institute of Mental Health; Notice of Closed Meeting Pursuant...Counselors, National Institute of Mental Health. The meeting will be closed to...conducted by the NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF MENTAL HEALTH, including consideration of...

2013-12-23

273

78 FR 64228 - National Institute of Mental Health; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Science.gov (United States)

...of Health National Institute of Mental Health; Notice of Closed Meetings Pursuant...Committee: National Institute of Mental Health Special Emphasis Panel; NRSA...Activities, National Institute of Mental Health, NIH, Neuroscience...

2013-10-28

274

78 FR 54477 - National Institute of Mental Health; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Science.gov (United States)

...of Health National Institute of Mental Health; Notice of Closed Meetings Pursuant...Committee: National Institute of Mental Health Initial Review Group Interventions...Activities, National Institute of Mental Health National Institutes of...

2013-09-04

275

78 FR 72093 - National Institute of Mental Health; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Science.gov (United States)

...of Health National Institute of Mental Health; Notice of Closed Meetings Pursuant...Committee: National Institute of Mental Health Special Emphasis Panel NIMH HIV...Activities, National Institute of Mental Health, NIH Neuroscience Center,...

2013-12-02

276

78 FR 38067 - National Institute of Mental Health; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Science.gov (United States)

...of Health National Institute of Mental Health; Notice of Closed Meetings Pursuant...Committee: National Institute of Mental Health Special Emphasis Panel; Therapeutic...Activities, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of...

2013-06-25

277

Poor Pre-Pregnancy and Antepartum Mental Health Predicts Postpartum Mental Health Problems among US Women: A Nationally Representative Population-Based Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose Mental health problems disproportionately affect women, particularly during childbearing years. However, there is a paucity of research on the determinants of postpartum mental health problems using representative US populations. Taking a life course perspective, we determined the potential risk factors for postpartum mental health problems, with a particular focus on the role of mental health before and during pregnancy. Methods We examined data on 1,863 mothers from eleven panels of the 1996-2006 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS). Poor postpartum mental health was defined using self-reports of mental health conditions, symptoms of mental health conditions, or global mental health ratings of “fair” or “poor.” Results 9.5% of women reported experiencing postpartum mental health problems, with over half of these women reporting a history of poor mental health. Poor pre-pregnancy mental health and poor antepartum mental health both independently increased the odds of having postpartum mental health problems. Staged multivariate analyses revealed that poor antepartum mental health attenuated the relationship between pre-pregnancy and postpartum mental health problems. Additionally, significant disparities exist in women's report of postpartum mental health status. Conclusions While poor antepartum mental health is the strongest predictor of postpartum mental health problems, pre-pregnancy mental health is also important. Accordingly, health care providers should identify, treat, and follow women with a history of poor mental health, as they are particularly susceptible to postpartum mental health problems. This will ensure that women and their children are in the best possible health and mental health during the postpartum period and beyond.

Witt, Whitney P.; Wisk, Lauren E.; Cheng, Erika R.; Hampton, John M.; Creswell, Paul; Hagen, Erika W.; Spear, Hilary A.; Maddox, Torsheika; DeLeire, Thomas

2011-01-01

278

Mental Illness and/or Mental Health? Investigating Axioms of the Complete State Model of Health  

Science.gov (United States)

A continuous assessment and a categorical diagnosis of the presence (i.e., flourishing) and the absence (i.e., languishing) of mental health were proposed and applied to the Midlife in the United States study data, a nationally representative sample of adults between the ages of 25 and 74 years (N = 3,032). Confirmatory factor analyses supported…

Keyes, Corey L. M.

2005-01-01

279

Financial coping strategies of mental health consumers: managing social benefits.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental health consumers depend on social benefits in the forms of supplemental security income and social security disability insurance for their livelihood. Although these programs pay meager benefits, little research has been undertaken into how this population makes ends meet. Using a qualitative approach, this study asks what are the financial coping strategies of mental health consumers? Seven approaches were identified: subsidies, cost-effective shopping, budgeting, prioritizing, technology, debt management, and saving money. Results illustrate the resourcefulness of mental health consumers in managing meager social benefits and highlight the need to strengthen community mental health efforts with financial capabilities education. PMID:24346222

Caplan, Mary Ager

2014-05-01

280

Understanding the unconscious mind: Jungian psychology and mental health nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

How might the unconscious part of the mind affect mental health patients' emotions or behaviour? How might the unconscious motivations of mental health nurses affect their patients? The discovery of "the unconscious" two centuries ago has allowed philosophers and scientists, such as C. G. Jung, to explore the field. Contemporary mental health care subscribes to a dominance of neurobiological approaches, neglecting the unconscious or relegating it to that of a merely biological process. Approaching this subject from the perspective of Jung, we make a case for the inclusion of theoretical concepts about the unconscious in the discourse of mental health nursing. Such awareness may help mental health nurses to better understand the mental disease, disorder, and distress found in patients. It also may help them understand their own conflicts and motivations that, in turn, can have an affect on their patients. PMID:24702216

Moore, Alan; Cross, Wendy

2014-04-01

 
 
 
 
281

Triagem em saúde mental infantil Child's mental health triage  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este estudo foi conduzido para comparar os resultados de um procedimento grupal aberto e um procedimento individual estruturado para avaliação do comportamento da criança conforme o relato materno. Participaram deste estudo 29 mães que buscavam atendimento para seus filhos em uma unidade de saúde mental infanto-juvenil. As primeiras 15 mães que procuraram o serviço foram entrevistadas individualmente conforme um roteiro estruturado desenvolvido a partir do CBCL e depois foram entrevistadas em grupo, em formato aberto. As outras 14 mães participaram da entrevista grupal aberta e em seguida participaram da entrevista individual estruturada. Os resultados das entrevistas foram comparados tomando como referência as 67 categorias comportamentais identificadas a partir do roteiro individual e quatro variáveis contextuais relatadas nos dois procedimentos. Os resultados mostram que um número substancialmente maior de comportamentos-problema foi identificado através de entrevista individual estruturada do que através de entrevista grupal aberta realizada com os mesmos informantes. É possível que o uso de um roteiro estruturado em entrevistas grupais possa oferecer mais informações com otimização do tempo de avaliação.This study was aimed at comparing the results of a group open procedure and a structured individual procedure to evaluate child behavior according to the mother's report. Participants were 29 mothers who searched attendance for their children at a mental health unit for children and youngsters. The first 15 mothers to enroll in the study underwent an individual, structured interview, developed from the CBCL items, and then they underwent a group open interview. The next 14 mother to enroll underwent the open group interview and then the individual structured interview. The results obtained were compared taking into consideration the 67 behavioral categories identified from the individual report and four contextual variables from the two procedures. The results show that a substantially higher number of problematic behaviors was identified through the structured individual interview than through the open group interview held with the same informants. It is possible that the use of a structured report in group interviews may offer more information with the optimization of the evaluation time.

Fabiana Vieira Gauy

2006-04-01

282

Burnout in Greek Medical and Mental Health Care Workers  

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Full Text Available AbstractJob Burnout affects job performance ability. Studies show a higher level of burnout in health professionals. The purpose of this study was to investigate possible differences in professional burnout subscales between health workers in medical and mental health sector. The sample constituted of randomly selected 240 workers in medical health sector and 217 in mental health sector, aged 39.8± 7.9 years old. Health workers from University and General Hospitals from all over Greece   participated in the study.  Maslach’s burnout inventory was used. SPSS 17.0 was used for statistics. The majority of health professionals were women. Over 50 % of workers in mental health sector showed low emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, while one third of them gave a high personal accomplishment score.  Mental health professionals showed statistically significantly lower scores in  emotional exhaustion and depersonalization , in comparison with medical sector workers. Different working environments influence the development of health care workers’ burnout

Venetsanos Mavreas

2011-09-01

283

Family impact in intellectual disability, severe mental health disorders and mental health disorders in ID. A comparison  

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Family impact (or family burden) is a concept born in the field of mental health that has successfully been exported to the ambit of intellectual disability (ID). However, differences in family impact associated with severe mental health disorders (schizophrenia), to ID or to mental health problems in ID should be expected. Seventy-two adults with intellectual disability clients of the Carmen Pardo-Valcarce Foundation's sheltered workshops and vocational employment programmes in Madrid (Spain...

Martorell, Almudena; Gutie?rrez-recacha, Pedro; Iraza?bal, Marcia; Marsa?, Ferra?n; Garci?a, Mercedes

2011-01-01

284

Preventing the Epidemic of Mental Ill Health: An Overview  

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Diet, lifestyle and environment do not just affect a person's health, they also determine the health of their children and possibly the health of their grandchildren. Mental ill health is an epidemic worldwide because of the combined effect of the modern diet and a sedentary lifestyle. Primary prevention of mental ill health starts, crucially, with optimal adult nutrition before the inception of pregnancy, includes breastfeeding, and continues throughout the life of the newborn. Obesity in pr...

Robson, Anthony

2013-01-01

285

Socioeconomic and Demographic Determinants of Mental Health across Canadian Communities  

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Background Many factors contribute to health. This study uses community level data to estimate the impact of socioeconomic and demographic factors as well as physical health on community mental health outcomes. Method Multiple regression analysis was used to estimate the impact of determinants on community mental health outcomes for men and women using community level data from up to 113 health regions covering almost the entire population in Canada. Results Study findings indicate that commu...

2012-01-01

286

Inequalities and inequities in mental health and care  

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This dissertation aims at analyzing the relationship between socio-economic status (SES) and mental health and care. It attempts to understand how different socio-economic groups present unequal risk of mental disorders and to what extent different socio-economic groups use unequal quantity, type and quality of mental care. Since its earlier beginnings, psychiatric epidemiology has evidenced the association between socio-economic status and mental disorder. However, the numerous prevalence st...

Lorant, Vincent

2002-01-01

287

Parental violence and adolescent mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Being the target of parental violent acts decreases child adjustment and increases the likelihood of mental health problems in childhood and adolescence. Our study analyses how different types of parental violence ranging from verbal threats and swearing to hitting and kicking a child, are associated with child adjustment, indicated by strengths and difficulties scale (SDQ) total problem score, internalizing and externalizing problems as well as prosocial behaviour. We also study whether girls and boys and youths in two Nordic countries respond differently to parental violence. The data consists of a large-scale community sample of 15-16-year old Finnish (n = 5,762) and Danish (n = 3,943) adolescents. The representative data of continental Finland and its Finnish and Swedish speaking ninth graders as well as representative data of Danish ninth grade pupils were collected by the Police College of Finland and in Denmark by the National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark. The results show a clear dose-response effect between parental violent behaviour and the adolescent's problems. The more severe forms of parental violence were associated with higher levels of SDQ total difficulties and internalizing and externalizing symptoms. There was also a connection between parental violence and the deterioration of prosocial behaviour. The association was gender and nationality specific. The findings imply a high prevalence of parental violence and adverse mental health among the affected Finnish and Danish adolescents. Though the laws have been set in motion to prevent the use of parental physical violence the challenges remain in several domains of child protection, general health care, prevention and intervention. PMID:20821263

Peltonen, Kirsi; Ellonen, Noora; Larsen, Helmer B; Helweg-Larsen, Karin

2010-11-01

288

The Link between Childhood Trauma and Mental Illness: Effective Interventions for Mental Health Professionals.  

Science.gov (United States)

Many people seeking help from the mental health system have histories of childhood trauma from sexual and physical abuse. Little literature is available for counselors, mental health workers, and other professionals on the topic of specialized therapy for abuse survivors. Counselors have a crucial role in helping these clients heal and recover.…

Everett, Barbara; Gallop, Ruth

289

Bilingual Glossary of Professional Mental Health Terms = Glosario Bilingue de Terminos Profesionales de Salud Mental.  

Science.gov (United States)

Designed to acquaint social workers and other professionals in the mental health field with the basic terms necessary for professional discussions, paper presentations, and international correspondence, the English/Spanish-Spanish/English glossary lists 130 selected mental health terms. The glossary includes two sections: English to Spanish and…

Cherry, Ralph, Comp.

290

Personal Health Systems for Mental Health: The European Projects  

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Since the European funded project VREPAR - Virtual Reality in Neuro- Psycho-Physiology (1995) – different European research activities have been using virtual reality and advanced information and communication technologies to improve the quality of care in the treatment of many different mental health disorders including anxiety disorders, eating disorders and obesity. Now the European Commission funding is shifting from the traditional hospital-centred and reactive healthcare delivery mode...

Riva, Giuseppe; Banos, Rosa; Botella, Cristina; Gaggioli, Andrea; Wiederhold, Brenda K.

2011-01-01

291

Financing Mental Health Care in Spain: Context and critical issues  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Financing and the way in which funds are then allocated are key issues in health policy. They can act as an incentive or barrier to system reform , can prioritise certain types or sectors of care and have long term consequences for the planning and delivery of services. The way in which [...] these issues can impact on the funding of mental health services across Europe has been a key task of the Mental Health Economics European Network. (MHEEN) This paper draws on information prepared for MHEEN and provides an analysis of the context and the main issues related to mental health financing in Spain. METHODS: A structured questionnaire developed by the MHEEN group was used to assess the pattern of financing, eligibility and coverage for mental healthcare. In Spain contacts were made with the Mental Health agencies of the 17 Autonomous Communities (ACs), and available mental health plans and annual reports were reviewed. A direct collaboration was set up with four ACs (Madrid, Navarre, Andalusia, Catalonia). RESULTS: In Spain, like many other European countries mental healthcare is an integral part of the general healthcare with universal coverage funded by taxation. Total health expenditure accounted for 7.7% of GDP in 2003 (public health expenditure was 5.6% of GDP). Although the actual percentage expended in mental care is not known and estimates are unreliable, approximately 5% of total health expenditure can be attributed to mental health. Moreover what is often overlooked is that many services have been shifted from the health to the social care sector as part of the reform process. Social care is discretionary, and provides only limited coverage. This level of expenditure also appears low by European standards, accounting for just 0.6% of GDP. COMMENTS: In spite of its policy implications, little is known about mental healthcare financing in Spain. Comparisons of expenditure for mental health across the ACs are problematic, making it difficult to assess inequalities in access to services across the country. The limited data available on mental healthcare expenditure suggests that level of funding for mental health is low compared with many of the EU-15 countries. This may indicate inefficient and inequitable funding given the significant contribution of mental disorders to the overall burden of ill health. Attention needs to be directed to redressing both the information deficit and also in using a range of financing mechanisms to promote greater investment in mental health.

Salvador-Carulla, L.; Garrido, M.; McDaid, D.; Haro, J.M..

292

Mental maps and travel behaviour: meanings and models  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, the " mental map" concept is positioned with regard to individual travel behaviour to start with. Based on Ogden and Richards' triangle of meaning (The meaning of meaning: a study of the influence of language upon thought and of the science of symbolism. International library of psychology, philosophy and scientific method. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, 1966) distinct thoughts, referents and symbols originating from different scientific disciplines are identified and explained in order to clear up the notion's fuzziness. Next, the use of this concept in two major areas of research relevant to travel demand modelling is indicated and discussed in detail: spatial cognition and decision-making. The relevance of these constructs to understand and model individual travel behaviour is explained and current research efforts to implement these concepts in travel demand models are addressed. Furthermore, these mental map notions are specified in two types of computational models, i.e. a Bayesian Inference Network (BIN) and a Fuzzy Cognitive Map (FCM). Both models are explained, and a numerical and a real-life example are provided. Both approaches yield a detailed quantitative representation of the mental map of decision-making problems in travel behaviour.

Hannes, Els; Kusumastuti, Diana; Espinosa, Maikel León; Janssens, Davy; Vanhoof, Koen; Wets, Geert

2012-04-01

293

DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS INFLUENCES ON MENTAL HEALTH OF COLLEGE STUDENTS  

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Full Text Available Students mental health is a public issues, public health policy makes at the international level, are very well concerned about this issue become of the increasing rate of suicide, among students their amenity, depression and involvement in high risk behavior .The aim of the study was to understand the influences of demographic variables on mental health of college students. The mental health scale (MHS constructed and standardized by Kamlesh Sharma (2002 was used to measure the mental health. 500 samples were taken based on Purposive sampling method .Statistical method such as t- test, and correlation analysis was used in the present study to test the hypothesis and interpret the data. The findings of the study were there is an influence of demographic variables on mental health of college students

G. RAMANATHAN

2013-03-01

294

Gaming well: links between videogames and flourishing mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper is a review of the state of play of research linking videogaming and flourishing, and explores the role of videogames and technology to improve mental health and well-being. Its purpose is to develop understandings about the positive intersection of gaming and well-being, to document evidence regarding links between videogames and positive mental health, and to provide guidelines for use by other researchers as they design and use tools and games to improve mental health and well-being. Using Huppert's (Huppert and So, 2013) proposition that to flourish is more than the absence of mental disorder but rather a combination of feeling good and functioning effectively, resulting in high levels of mental well-being, and Seligman's (Seligman, 2011) PERMA theory of well-being, the paper identifies strengths in existing games that generate positive affect, positive functioning, and positive social functioning, contributing to, and supporting mental health and well-being. PMID:24744743

Jones, Christian M; Scholes, Laura; Johnson, Daniel; Katsikitis, Mary; Carras, Michelle C

2014-01-01

295

Mapas mentales y servicios de inteligencia empresarial / Mental mapping and business intelligence services  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se exponen los fundamentos y resultados de la aplicación técnica de mapas mentales en ejercicios grupales para el diseño de servicios de inteligencia empresarial, ejecutados estos por profesionales de la consultoría. Se describen y fundamentan las ventajas del uso de los mapas para desarrollar el tr [...] abajo grupal como herramientas que estimulan la participación e interacción entre sus miembros. Se describe el universo cosmológico de los mapas mentales, enfoques neurológicos y físicos, ventajas, beneficios y algoritmos de ejecución. Se presentan ejemplos de casos específicos, siempre orientados a servicios de inteligencia empresarial. Abstract in english An exposition is made of the bases and results of the application of mental map techniques in group exercises for the design of business intelligence services, executed by professional consultants. The advantages of the use of maps to develop group work as tools that stimulate the participation and [...] interaction among their members are described and supported. The cosmologic universe of mental maps is described from physical and neurological points of view, as well as its advantages, benefits and execution algorithms. Examples of specific cases are presented, always oriented to business intelligence services.

Ramón Antonio, Rodríguez Piña; Anays, Mas Basnuevo; Migdely, Ochoa Ávila; Yovanni, Quevedo Aballe.

296

Mapas mentales y servicios de inteligencia empresarial Mental mapping and business intelligence services  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se exponen los fundamentos y resultados de la aplicación técnica de mapas mentales en ejercicios grupales para el diseño de servicios de inteligencia empresarial, ejecutados estos por profesionales de la consultoría. Se describen y fundamentan las ventajas del uso de los mapas para desarrollar el trabajo grupal como herramientas que estimulan la participación e interacción entre sus miembros. Se describe el universo cosmológico de los mapas mentales, enfoques neurológicos y físicos, ventajas, beneficios y algoritmos de ejecución. Se presentan ejemplos de casos específicos, siempre orientados a servicios de inteligencia empresarial.An exposition is made of the bases and results of the application of mental map techniques in group exercises for the design of business intelligence services, executed by professional consultants. The advantages of the use of maps to develop group work as tools that stimulate the participation and interaction among their members are described and supported. The cosmologic universe of mental maps is described from physical and neurological points of view, as well as its advantages, benefits and execution algorithms. Examples of specific cases are presented, always oriented to business intelligence services.

Ramón Antonio Rodríguez Piña

2008-06-01

297

[Planning in mental health--is it possible?].  

Science.gov (United States)

The author opens the subject by questioning "why" and "how" to plan for mental health. Planification is a public health process. This process made modern countries able to develop health care policies in accordance to scientific progress. This allowed to stop the transmission of communicable diseases. Mental health disorders are one of the 4 public health priorities along with cardio-vascular diseases, cancers an consequences of accidents. New care methods have to be found in order to be adapted to recent needs. In many countries, mental health care have been and still are on the way to be modified. These major modifications will be illustrated by the French "sectorisation" which will be replaced in the context of complete reconversion of the French mental health care system. Two research streams will be proposed: research focused on the health care system which will enlight the different systems, their characteristics, activities and adequation; epidemiological studies in order to measure population needs in term of mental health, to clarify how mental health disorders appear and what sort of care are used by the persons. To illustrate these themas, the author will present his own experience. For more than 25 years he was operating on complex private mental health care system using the resources of an epidemiological unit in order to plan the development of this care system. PMID:2240956

Chanoit, P F

1990-03-01

298

STUDY OF HEALTH STATUS AND ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS OF MENTALLY CHALLENGED CHILDREN IN SCHOOL FOR MENTALLY CHALLENGED  

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Full Text Available The mental health of the child affects his physical health and the learning process. The present study was conducted to study the health status and etiological factors among 58 mentally challenged children in school for mentally challenged at Sangamner. Majority of mentally challenged children (68.0% were in 5-9 years age group. Most of them had moderate retardation. (43.0% In majority of children (70.68%no clinical syndrome was present. Most common clinical syndrome was Down’s syndrome (17.23%,followed by Fragile X syndrome (6.89%. More than sixty percent children were off springs of consanguineous marriages. Idiopathic causes (63.8% followed by genetic causes (29.31% were common etiological factor responsible for mental retardation. Mental handicap can be prevented by genetic counseling.

Nadeem Ahmad

2009-03-01

299

Socioeconomic status and mental health in children and adolescents  

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Socioeconomic disadvantage in childhood is related to both immediate and persisting impairments in mental health and well-being. Findings from epidemiological studies suggest that children who grow up in families with a lower socioeconomic status (SES) have more symptoms of mental health problems, compared to those raised in more affluent families.

The overall aim of the current thesis was to expand the knowledge of the socioeconomic distribution of childhood mental healt...

2013-01-01

300

Mental health stigma in Ireland: exploring occupational therapists perspectives  

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Stigma is considered the main barrier to recovery for people living with a mental illness. The process of stigma can be inconspicuous, operating through individual, systemic, institutional and structural levels and can leave those working in mental health care unsure of their role in the stigma process. Semi-structured interviews explored views of nine occupational therapists working in mental health, focusing on their perspectives of stigma and drawing on experiences of stigma acting as a ba...

Hanby, Louise

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

Does anonymity increase the reporting of mental health symptoms?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background There is no doubt that the perceived stigma of having a mental disorder acts as a barrier to help seeking. It is possible that personnel may be reluctant to admit to symptoms suggestive of poor mental health when such data can be linked to them, even if their personal details are only used to help them access further care. This may be particularly relevant because individuals who have a mental health problem are more likely to experience barriers to care a...

Fear Nicola T; Seddon Rachel; Jones Norman; Greenberg Neil; Wessely Simon

2012-01-01

302

Social inequalities in mental health in Norway: possible explanatory factors  

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Abstract Background It is well known that there is a social gradient in mental health, the prevalence of mental disorders stepwise increasing by lower social status. The reason for this, however, is not clear, and the purpose of the present study was to explore possible mediating factors between social status and mental health. Methods The study has a cross-sectional design, and was based on a nationwide survey in Oslo, Norway, counting 12 310 people in the age ...

2008-01-01

303

Medicalization of global health 2: the medicalization of global mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Once an orphan field, 'global mental health' now has wide acknowledgement and prominence on the global health agenda. Increased recognition draws needed attention to individual suffering and the population impacts, but medicalizing global mental health produces a narrow view of the problems and solutions. Early framing by advocates of the global mental health problem emphasised biological disease, linked psychiatry with neurology, and reinforced categories of mental health disorders. Universality of biomedical concepts across culture is assumed in the globalisation of mental health but is strongly disputed by transcultural psychiatrists and anthropologists. Global mental health movement priorities take an individualised view, emphasising treatment and scale-up and neglecting social and structural determinants of health. To meet international targets and address the problem's broad social and cultural dimensions, the global mental health movement and advocates must develop more comprehensive strategies and include more diverse perspectives. PMID:24848660

Clark, Jocalyn

2014-01-01

304

Medicalization of global health 2: the medicalization of global mental health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Once an orphan field, ‘global mental health’ now has wide acknowledgement and prominence on the global health agenda. Increased recognition draws needed attention to individual suffering and the population impacts, but medicalizing global mental health produces a narrow view of the problems and solutions. Early framing by advocates of the global mental health problem emphasised biological disease, linked psychiatry with neurology, and reinforced categories of mental health disorders. Universality of biomedical concepts across culture is assumed in the globalisation of mental health but is strongly disputed by transcultural psychiatrists and anthropologists. Global mental health movement priorities take an individualised view, emphasising treatment and scale-up and neglecting social and structural determinants of health. To meet international targets and address the problem's broad social and cultural dimensions, the global mental health movement and advocates must develop more comprehensive strategies and include more diverse perspectives.

Jocalyn Clark

2014-05-01

305

Shared decision-making, stigma, and child mental health functioning among families referred for primary care-located mental health services.  

Science.gov (United States)

There is growing emphasis on shared decision making (SDM) to promote family participation in care and improve the quality of child mental health care. Yet, little is known about the relationship of SDM with parental perceptions of child mental health treatment or child mental health functioning. The objectives of this preliminary study were to examine (a) the frequency of perceived SDM with providers among minority parents of children referred to colocated mental health care in a primary care clinic, (b) associations between parent-reported SDM and mental health treatment stigma and child mental health impairment, and (c) differences in SDM among parents of children with various levels of mental health problem severity. Participants were 36 Latino and African American parents of children (ages 2-7 years) who were referred to colocated mental health care for externalizing mental health problems (disruptive, hyperactive, and aggressive behaviors). Parents completed questions assessing their perceptions of SDM with providers, child mental health treatment stigma, child mental health severity, and level of child mental health impairment. Descriptive statistics demonstrated the majority of the sample reported frequent SDM with providers. Correlation coefficients indicated higher SDM was associated with lower stigma regarding mental health treatment and lower parent-perceived child mental health impairment. Analysis of variance showed no significant difference in SDM among parents of children with different parent-reported levels of child mental health severity. Future research should examine the potential of SDM for addressing child mental health treatment stigma and impairment among minority families. PMID:24447150

Butler, Ashley M

2014-03-01

306

AIDS: Legal Tools Helpful for Mental Health Counseling Interventions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Complex HIV and AIDS related legal issues confronting mental health professionals are addressed, specifically: living will, statutes, durable power of attorney, durable power of attorney for health care, rational suicide, euthanasia, workplace discrimination, and laws affecting minors. (JBJ)

Friedman, Ann Lorentson; Hughes, Rosemary B.

1994-01-01

307

Improving mental health through parenting programmes: block randomised controlled trial  

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Aims: To assess the effectiveness of a parenting programme, delivered by health visitors in primary care, in improving the mental health of children and their parents among a representative general practice population.

Patterson, J.; Barlow, J.; Mockford, C.; Klimes, I.; Pyper, C.; Stewart-brown, S.

2002-01-01

308

Recession, debt and mental health: challenges and solutions  

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Background During the economic downturn, the link between recession and health has featured in many countries' media, political, and medical debate. This paper focuses on the previously neglected relationship between personal debt and mental health.

2009-01-01

309

Building a Comprehensive Mental Health System for Young Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Onunaku, Ahlers, and Gilkerson describe Illinois's effort to build infant mental health capacity within the Part C Early Intervention system and Wisconsin's effort to build capacity for infant and early childhood mental health services statewide across all systems that serve children. Because of multiple funding streams, families often experience…

Onunaku, Ngozi; Gilkerson, Linda; Ahlers, Therese

2006-01-01

310

Implications of Recovering for Mental Health Systems and Programs.  

Science.gov (United States)

This presentation outlines the implications of psychiatric disability recovery for mental health systems and programs. Schizophrenia and other serious psychiatric disabilities have been viewed as irreversible illnesses with increasing disability over time. Mental health program planning, policies, and practices have been developed and implemented…

Spaniol, LeRoy

311

UCSD researchers study of E-cigarettes and mental health  

Science.gov (United States)

Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that people living with depression, anxiety or other mental health conditions are twice as likely to have tried e-cigarettes and three times as likely to be current users of the controversial battery-powered nicotine-delivery devices, as people without mental health disorders.

312

Supporting the Development of Latino Bilingual Mental Health Professionals  

Science.gov (United States)

Latino individuals who prefer to communicate in Spanish lack linguistically and culturally proficient mental health professionals with whom they can communicate effectively. This study illustrates the components necessary to facilitate the overall success of Latino, Spanish-speaking students in attaining advanced degrees in mental health services…

Peters, Michelle L.; Sawyer, Cheryl B.; Guzmán, Michele R.; Graziani, Cate

2014-01-01

313

Human Trafficking: A Review for Mental Health Professionals  

Science.gov (United States)

This article provides a review of current research on human trafficking for mental health practitioners and scholars. In addition to an overview of definitions, causes and processes of trafficking, the article highlights mental health consequences of trafficking along with suggestions for treatment of survivors. Directions for counseling services,…

Yakushko, Oksana

2009-01-01

314

Assessing the Strengths of Mental Health Consumers: A Systematic Review  

Science.gov (United States)

Strengths assessments focus on the individual's talents, abilities, resources, and strengths. No systematic review of strengths assessments for use within mental health populations has been published. The aims of this study were to describe and evaluate strengths assessments for use within mental health services. A systematic review identified 12…

Bird, Victoria J.; Le Boutillier, Clair; Leamy, Mary; Larsen, John; Oades, Lindsay G.; Williams, Julie; Slade, Mike

2012-01-01

315

Quantum Physics and Mental Health Counseling: The Time Is...!  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduces a new framework of mental health counseling based on quantum physics. The framework stresses systemic thinking and intervention, interdependence, and the importance of adopting a novel perspective about time, space, reality, and change. This framework has the potential of modifying mental health counseling practice and training. Offers…

Gerstein, Lawrence H.; Bennett, Matt

1999-01-01

316

Mental health professionals' attitudes towards consumer participation in inpatient units.  

Science.gov (United States)

Consumer participation has been a major focus in mental health services in recent years, but the attitudes of mental health professionals towards this initiative remain variable. The purpose of this study was to describe mental health professionals' attitudes towards mental health consumer participation in inpatient psychiatric units. The Consumer Participation and Consultant Questionnaire was used with a non-probability sample of 47 mental health professionals from two adult inpatient psychiatric units situated in a large Australian public general hospital. Ethics approval was obtained from a university and a hospital ethics committee. Data were analysed using SPSS, Version 12. Overall, respondents had favourable attitudes towards consumer participation in management, care and treatment, and mental health planning. They were less supportive about matters that directly or indirectly related to their spheres of responsibility. The type of unit that the respondents worked in was not a factor in their beliefs about consumer participation. Recommendations are made about the development of guidelines for consumer participation in inpatient units, the educational preparation of mental health clinicians, and the need for mental health professionals to reflect on, and discuss their own beliefs and practices about, consumer participation. PMID:18186824

McCann, T V; Baird, J; Clark, E; Lu, S

2008-01-01

317

Maori Identification, Alcohol Behaviour and Mental Health: A Review  

Science.gov (United States)

The impact of Maori identification on alcohol behaviour and mental health and has been neglected in the psychological literature. This paper consists of a review of literature on the history of alcohol use in New Zealand and its impact on indigenous Maori, on their cultural identity and on their mental health. Previous research has been primarily…

Ebbett, Erin; Clarke, Dave

2010-01-01

318

Mental Health Literacy among Family Caregivers of Schizophrenia Patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The benefits of public knowledge towards physical health are widely accepted but the area of mental health literacy remains undervalued and relatively neglected. The study aimed to identify caregivers’ mental health literacy in Malaysia. There were 154 family caregivers participated in the face-to-face semi-structured interview regarding their personal caring experiences. This study found that majority of the caregivers was women aged less than 60 years. Most of the caregivers have some understanding about their relatives’ mental illness. More than half of the participants found that the doctors were considered as their primary source of information about mental health. Consistent with previous literature in Malaysia, most of the caregivers used religious and traditional coping mechanism in their help-seeking processes. Each ethnic group had their own strong cultural beliefs about mental illness. The implications for mental health services are that many of the caregivers need help to educate their family members about mental illness. While this study emphasized on the family members who should be targeted to improve mental health literacy it also become significant to the public to reduce stigma towards the person with mental illness and their family.

Mohamad M. S.

2012-06-01

319

International observatory on mental health systems: structure and operation  

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Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Sustained cooperative action is required to improve the mental health of populations, particularly in low and middle-income countries where meagre mental health investment and insufficient human and other resources result in poorly performing mental health systems. The Observatory The International Observatory on Mental Health Systems is a mental health systems research, education and development network that will contribute to the development of high quality mental health systems in low and middle-income countries. The work of the Observatory will be done by mental health systems research, education and development groups that are located in and managed by collaborating organisations. These groups will be supported by the IOMHS Secretariat, the International IOMHS Steering Group and a Technical Reference Group. Summary The International Observatory on Mental Health Systems is: 1 the mental health systems research, education and development groups; 2 the IOMHS Steering Group; 3 the IOMHS Technical Reference Group; and 4 the IOMHS Secretariat. The work of the Observatory will depend on free and open collaboration, sharing of knowledge and skills, and governance arrangements that are inclusive and that put the needs and interests of people with mental illness and their families at the centre of decision-making. We welcome contact from individuals and institutions that wish to contribute to achieving the goals of the Observatory. Now is the time to make it happen where it matters, by turning scientific knowledge into effective action for people's health. (J.W. Lee, in his acceptance speech on his appointment as the Director-General of the World Health Organization 1.

Minas Harry

2009-04-01

320

Better Mental Health Care for Older People in India  

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Demographic aging will soon lead to a sudden increase in the number of older people with dementia and depression in India. We need to develop services to meet the mental health needs of the aged in the population. Geriatric Psychiatry section of IPS has initiated a process of consultations to address this emerging public health issue. Health professionals involved in the care of older people with mental health problems took part in focus group discussions Their opinion and suggestions regardi...

Shaji, K. S.; Kishore, N. R. Arun; Lal, K. Praveen; Pinto, Charles; Trivedi, J. K.

2004-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

JOB SATISFACTION AND MENTAL HEALTH OF SCHOOL TEACHERS  

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Full Text Available This study is intended to gain knowledge about Job Satisfaction and Mental Health of 600 Male and Female teachers working in government and private aided primary schools of Belgaum and Dharwad districts of Karnataka State. The Job Satisfaction and Mental Health Scales were administered on the selected sample to know their level of Job Satisfaction and Mental Health. Statistical 't' test and correlation was applied to analyse the data. It was found that there is no significant difference in the Job Satisfaction of male and female teachers. It was also found that there is no significant difference in the Mental Health of teachers. There is a significant and positive correlation found in Job Satisfaction and Mental Health of teachers.

S.G. JADHAV

2013-01-01

322

Psychiatric mental health nursing: Why 2011 brings a pivotal moment  

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Full Text Available Psychiatric nurses in the United States (US stand at the edge of a changing mental health care landscape.  Federal initiatives are moving into place; ones that aim to increase access to care, place a greater emphasis on prevention and wellness, and position recovery as the focus of mental health treatment. The Psychiatric Mental Health (PMH specialty is at a pivotal moment of choice: it can organize around a future vision of PMH nursing or can silently acquiesce to a marginalized position. At this pivotal time, PMH nurses must build a greater presence in national workforce dialogue and convey the need for nursing in mental health care service delivery; a policy message build on the PMH nurses ability to provide access to safe and quality mental health care and substance use services. This paper discusses how to put these strategies into place via workforce development, strategic alliances, and critical conceptual shifts.

Kathleen R. Delaney

2011-12-01

323

Corrosive places, inhuman spaces: mental health in Australian immigration detention.  

Science.gov (United States)

Since their establishment in 1992, Australian Immigration Detention Centres have been the focus of increasing concern due to allegations of their serious impact on the mental health of asylum seekers. Informed by Foucault's treatise on surveillance and the phenomenological work of Casey, this paper extends the current clinical data by examining the architecture and location of detention centres, and the complex relationships between space, place and mental health. In spatialising these relationships, we argue that Immigration Detention Centres operate not only as Panopticons, but are embodied by asylum seekers as 'anti-places': as places that mediate and constitute thinned out and liminal experiences. In particular, it is the embodied effects of surveillance and suspended liminality that impact on mental health. An approach which locates the embodiment of place and space as central to the poor mental health of asylum seekers adds an important dimension to our understandings of (dis)placement and mental health in the lives of the exiled. PMID:17693119

McLoughlin, Pauline; Warin, Megan

2008-06-01

324

Continuous admission to primary school and mental health problems  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Younger children in a school class have higher rates of mental health problems if admission to primary school occurs once a year. This study examines whether this relative age effect also occurs if children are admitted to school continuously throughout the year. Methods We assessed mental health problems based on parent-reports (using the Child Behavior Checklist, CBCL and on professional assessments, among two Dutch national samples of in total 12,221 children aged 5–15 years (response rate: 86.9%. Results At ages 5–6, we found a higher occurrence of mental health problems in relatively young children, both for mean CBCL scores (p = 0.017 and for problems assessed by child health professionals (p Conclusion Continuous admission to primary school does not prevent mental health problems among young children, but may do so at older ages. Its potential for the prevention of mental problems deserves further study.

Verhulst Frank C

2006-06-01

325

Correlates of Mental Health Among Latino Farmworkers in North Carolina  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Purpose: Latino farmworkers are a vulnerable population who confront multiple threats to their mental health. Informed by the stress-process model of psychiatric disorder, the goal of this paper is to determine primary and context-specific stressors of poor mental health among Latino farmworkers. Methods: Structured interview data were obtained from farmworkers (N = 69) in 6 counties in eastern and western North Carolina. Findings: Results indicated that a substantial number of farmworkers have poor mental health, as indicated by elevated depressive symptoms (52.2%) and anxiety (16.4%). Results also indicated that each mental health outcome had different predictors. Conclusion: Addressing the mental health issues of farmworkers requires a comprehensive, multifaceted approach.

Crain, R.; Grzywacz, J.G.

2012-01-01

326

Mental health concerns of the premature infant through the lifespan.  

Science.gov (United States)

Because of increased survival rates, neurodevelopmental issues, chronic medical problems, and sometimes complex family issues involved with prematurity, mental health clinicians commonly assess preterm clients and manage their behavioral and mental health problems. Understanding prematurity survival and neurodevelopmental outcomes is important for contextualizing the mental health problems seen in this high-risk population. This article provides a brief overview of prematurity outcomes in the domains of prematurity relevant to practicing child psychiatrists. Prematurity is also examined as it relates to parental mental health challenges, infant mental health outcomes, high frequency attention problems, and psychiatric disorders. The complex interactions between prematurity and family well-being are also highlighted. Finally, evidence-based treatment modalities involved in prevention and management are explored. PMID:21855709

Vanderbilt, Douglas; Gleason, Mary Margaret

2011-08-01

327

Impact of organisational change on mental health : a systematic review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Although limited evidence is available, organisational change is often cited as the cause of mental health problems. This paper provides an overview of the current literature regarding the impact of organisational change on mental health. A systematic search in PUBMED, PsychInfo and Web of Knowledge combining MeSH search terms for exposure and outcome. The criterion for inclusion was original data on exposure to organisational change with mental health problems as outcome. Both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies were included. We found in 11 out of 17 studies, an association between organisational change and elevated risk of mental health problems was observed, with a less provident association in the longitudinal studies. Based on the current research, this review cannot provide sufficient evidence of an association between organisational change and elevated risk of mental health problems. More studies of long-term effects are required including relevant analyses of confounders.

Grandjean Bamberger, Simon; Vinding, Anker Lund

2012-01-01

328

Are nurses in mental health services providing physical health care for people with serious mental illness? An Australian perspective.  

Science.gov (United States)

People with serious mental illness are at high-risk for physical illnesses and premature death, and nurses can contribute to ensuring mental health services address these risks. There is very little research examining the role of nurses in mental health who provide physical health care. To identify the levels of participation in physical health care of people with serious mental illness (SMI), a national Internet-based survey of nurses working in mental health in Australia was conducted (n = 643). The survey included an adapted version of the Robson and Haddad Physical Health Attitude Scale. Data were analysed through comparison of frequencies, correlations, principal components analysis, and Mann-Whitney tests. Nurses reported regular physical health care in 12 of the 17 tasks presented to them. The three most common self-reported physical health care activities were inquiring about consumers' contact with GPs, doing physical assessments, and providing information on drug use and lifestyle. Although some practices were less common (e.g., contraceptive advice) nurses who provided one type of care tended to do other types as well. In addition, credentialing in mental health nursing was associated with slightly more regular engagement in all practice domains except screening and assessments. Nurses in mental health in Australia may be engaged in improving physical health of consumers with SMI more than is assumed. PMID:23477441

Happell, Brenda; Platania-Phung, Chris; Scott, David

2013-03-01

329

Mental health issues in unaccompanied refugee minors  

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Full Text Available Abstract Previous studies about unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs showed that they are a highly vulnerable group who have greater psychiatric morbidity than the general population. This review focuses on mental health issues among URMs. Articles in databases PsycINFO, Medline and PubMed from 1998 to 2008 addressing this topic were reviewed. The literature had a considerable emphasis on the assessment of PTSD symptoms. Results revealed higher levels of PTSD symptoms in comparison to the norm populations and accompanied refugee minors. In several studies, age and female gender predicted or influenced PTSD symptoms. The existing literature only permits limited conclusions on this very hard to reach population. Future research should include the analysis of long-term outcomes, stress management and a more thorough analysis of the whole range of psychopathology. Additionally, the development of culturally sensitive norms and standardized measures for diverse ethnic groups is of great importance.

Huemer Julia

2009-04-01

330

Ethical dilemmas in community mental health care.  

Science.gov (United States)

Ethical dilemmas in community mental health care is the focus of this article. The dilemmas are derived from a discussion of the results of a qualitative research project that took place in five countries of the European Union. The different stakeholders are confronted with the following dilemmas: community care versus hospital care (clients); a life with care versus a life without care (informal carers); stimulation of the client toward greater responsibility versus protection against such responsibility (professionals); budgetary control versus financial incentives (policy makers), and respect for the client versus particular private needs (neighbourhood residents). These dilemmas are interpreted against the background of a value based ethical model. This model offers an integral approach to the dilemmas and can be used to determine policy. The dilemmas are discussed here as the result of conflicting values-namely autonomy and privacy, support and safety, justice and participation, and trust and solidarity. PMID:16076969

Liégeois, A; Van Audenhove, C

2005-08-01

331

Developing mental health services in Nigeria : the impact of a community-based mental health awareness programme.  

Science.gov (United States)

This grass-roots level mental health awareness programme considerably increased use of community-based mental health services in a part of Nigeria where knowledge about treatability of mental illness was limited. The benefits of the programme were sustained for a significant period after the initial awareness programme. In order for attitude changes to be reinforced, similar awareness programmes must be repeated at regular intervals. PMID:18288432

Eaton, Julian; Agomoh, Ahamefula O

2008-07-01

332

Does poverty reduce mental health? An instrumental variable analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

That poverty and mental health are negatively associated in developing countries is well known among epidemiologists. Whether the relationship is causal or associational, however, remains an open question. This paper aims to estimate the causal effect of poverty on mental health by exploiting a natural experiment induced by weather variability across 440 districts in Indonesia (N = 577,548). Precipitation anomaly in two climatological seasons is used as an instrument for poverty status, which is measured using per capita household consumption expenditure. Results of an instrumental variable estimation suggest that poverty causes poor mental health: halving one's consumption expenditure raises the probability of suffering mental illness by 0.06 point; in terms of elasticity, a 1% decrease in consumption brings about 0.62% more symptoms of common mental disorders. This poverty effect is approximately five times stronger than that obtained prior to instrumenting and is robust to alternative distributional assumption, model specification, sample stratification and estimation technique. An individual's mental health is also negatively correlated with district income inequality, suggesting that income distribution may have a significant influence upon mental health over and above the effect of poverty. The findings imply that mental health can be improved not only by influencing individuals' health knowledge and behaviour but also by implementing a more equitable economic policy. PMID:24836844

Hanandita, Wulung; Tampubolon, Gindo

2014-07-01

333

Community mental health care in the future: nine proposals.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this article was to put community psychiatry into a longitudinal and global perspective and to try to look into the future. Specifically, we set out the following nine proposals:1. Central and regional government should measure the treated percentage of people with mental illness (coverage) and set specific targets to increase coverage over set time periods.2. Health care services need to recognize the far lower life expectancy among people with mental disorders and develop and evaluate new methods to reduce this health disparity.3. Mental health services should provide specific modules to reduce stigma and discrimination experienced by people with mental illness.4. Mental health staff should provide care that service users (and their family members) find accessible and acceptable.5. Mental health care should consist of a careful balance of hospital and community care, with most care provided at or near people's homes.6. Mental health planners, both in times of economic growth and recession, should invest in treatments known to be effective and disinvest from treatments known to be ineffective or even harmful.7. Mental health staff and service users should develop and evaluate methods to improve shared decision making.8. Health care practitioners (of western and nonwestern traditions) should take practical steps to see each other as partners in an integrated system that increases the total amount of mental health care available, while ensuring that only effective and acceptable treatments are provided.9. Mental health services should develop dedicated programs for recovery: this implies that staff understand an individual's personal recovery goals and fully support his/her achievement. PMID:24886950

Thornicroft, Graham; Tansella, Michele

2014-06-01

334

[Reconstruction of mental health services in Bosnia and Herzegovina].  

Science.gov (United States)

Psychiatric services in Bosnia-Herzegovina before the war disaster was fairly developed and one of the best organized services amongst the republics of the former Yugoslavia. The psychiatric care system was based on psychiatric hospitals and small neuropsychiatric wards within general hospitals, accompanied by psychiatric services in health centers. The onset of war in B&H brought devastation and destruction in all domains of life, including the demolition and closing of numerous traditional psychiatric institutions, together with massive psychological suffering of the whole civilian population. Already during the war, and even more so after the war, the reconstruction and reorganization of the mental health services was undertaken. The basis of mental health care for the future is designed as a system where majority of services is located in the community, as close as possible to the habitat of the patients. The key aspect of the system of the comprehensive health care is primary health care and the main role is assigned to family practitioners and mental health professionals working in the community. Large psychiatric institutions were either closed or devastated, or have their capacities extensively reduced. There will be no reconstructions or reopening of the old psychiatric facilities, nor the new ones will be built. The most integrated part of the psychiatric system are the Community based mental health centers. Each of these centers will serve a particular geographic area. The centers will be responsible for prevention and treatment of psychiatric disorders, as well as for the mental health well being. Chronic mental health patients without families and are not able to independently live in the community will be accommodated in designated homes and other forms of protected accommodation within their communities. The principal change in mental health policy in B&H was a decision to transfer psychiatric services from traditional facilities into community, much closer to the patients. Basic elements of the mental health policy in B&H are: Decentralization and sectorization of mental health services; Intersectorial activity; Comprehensiveness of services; Equality in access and utilization of psychiatric service resources; Nationwide accessibility of mental health services; Continuity of services and care, together with the active participation of the community. This overview discusses the primary health care as the basic component of the comprehensive mental health care in greater detail, including tasks for family medicine teams and each individual member. 1. Comprehensive psychiatric care is implemented by primary health care physicians, specialized Centers for community-based mental health care, psychiatric wards of general hospitals and clinical centers in charge of brief, "acute" inpatient care; 2. Primary mental health care is implemented by family practitioners (primary care physicians) and their teams; 3. Specialized psychiatric care in community is performed professional teams specialized mental health issues' within Mental health centers in corresponding sectors; 4. A great deal of relevance is given to development of confidence and utilization of links between primary health care teams and specialized teams in Mental health centers and psychiatric in patient institutions; 5. Psychiatric wards within general cantonal hospitals, departments of psychiatric clinics in Sarajevo, Tuzla, and Mostar, and Cantonal Psychiatric hospital in Sarajevo (Jagomir) shall admit acute patients as well as chronic (with each new relapse). Treatment in these facilities is brief an patients are discharged to return to their homes, with further treatment referral to their family practitioner or designated Mental health center; 6. Chronic mental patients with severe residual impairment in social, psychological, and somatic functioning, shall live in the community with their families or independently. Those chronic patients without families and economic and other resources to live independently shall be placed in supervise

Ceri?, I; Loga, S; Sinanovi?, O; Cardaklija, Z; Cerkez, G; Jacobson, L; Jensen, S; Reali, M; Toresini, L; Oruc, L; Danes, V; Mikovi?, M; Mehi?-Basara, N; Hasanbegovi?, M; Lagerquist, B; Flaker, V; Mollica, R; Pavkovi?, I; Skobi?, H; Lavelle, J; Horvat, D; Nakas, B; Kapetanovi?, A; Bradvica, L; Weine, S; Masi?, I; Purati?, V; Dancevi?, M

2001-01-01

335

School Mental Health: Role of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration and Factors Affecting Service Provision.  

Science.gov (United States)

The U.S. Surgeon General reported in 1999 that about one in five children in the United States suffers from a mental health problem that could impair their ability to function at school or in the community. Yet many children receive no mental health servi...

2007-01-01

336

Mental Health And Its Relation To Academic Achievement. A Brief Note On Auto-suggestion To Improve Mental Health.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main objective of the present study was to test the Mental Health and itsrelation to Academic Achievement. A brief note was added on auto-suggestion toimprove Mental Health. With help of Physiological action of Neurons of Brain,mechanism of auto-suggestion was explained. The participants of the study wereincluded sixty students --- 30 boys and 30 girls -- randomly selected from differentcolleges of Nasik City of age group 21-25 years. Mental Health Inventory by Dr. Jagdishand Dr. Srivastava A.K was used for the purpose of data collection. Second semester(yearly marks of college students were taken. Data analysis was done by usingArithmetic Mean, Standard Deviation, t-test. Findings of the study revealed that femalestudents had better mental health than male students; and mental health score waspositively associated with the academic achievement of the students.

Anita Chawla

2012-08-01

337

Congolese and Somali beliefs about mental health services.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite high levels of traumatic exposure, refugees often do not seek mental health services upon resettlement. The purpose of this study was to examine both concepts of mental illness in addition to attitudes and beliefs about treatment as well as potential barriers to accessing mental health services. To that end, qualitative research was done using focus groups with Congolese and Somali men and women in the United States (n = 48) in addition to a community survey with women from those communities (n = 296) administered by staff of a community-based organization. Mental health concerns, although identified, were often dealt with first in the communities themselves with the help of family or friends. Great emphasis was placed on their respective communities of faith. The actual role of mental health professionals was not well understood, and there was apparent hesitancy to use services, which also relates to issues of stigma. PMID:24566506

Piwowarczyk, Linda; Bishop, Hillary; Yusuf, Abdirahman; Mudymba, Francine; Raj, Anita

2014-03-01

338

Availability and Accessibility of Treatment for Persons with Mental Illness Through a Community Mental Health Programme  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article describes experiences in implementing a community mental health and development project in a rural district in southern India, including the  position of persons with mental illness when the project was initiated, the challenges the faced and the strategies that were developed to overcome these challenges. The authors conclude that when  services are locally available, persons with mental illness can be treated and rehabilitated within their own community. They can liv...

Navaneetham, Dr Janardhan N.; Shravya Raghunandan; Naidu, D. M.; Hampanna, H.

2011-01-01

339

Mental Health of International Students: Prevalence and Predictors for Mental Disorders and Symptom Severity  

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Background: The number of international university students has dramatically increased during the last decades, being Germany one of the major host countries. Although it has been suggested that international students may be at higher risk for the development of mental disorders compared to domestic students, only few studies have examined the mental health of this population. Therefore, the present study aimed to estimate the prevalence rates of mental disorders [major depressive disorder (M...

Grez Buchling, Marcela

2012-01-01

340

Impact of Intimate Partner Violence on Pregnant Women’s Mental Health: Mental Distress and Mental Strength  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The mental health consequences of living with intimate partner violence (IPV) are substantial. Despite the growing awareness of the incidence of depression and PTSD in women experiencing IPV, few studies have examined prospectively the experience of IPV during pregnancy and the impact of the abuse on women’s mental health. As a component of a larger clinical trial of an intervention for pregnant abused women, 27 women participated in a qualitative study of their responses to the abuse in th...

Rose, Linda; Alhusen, Jeanne; Bhandari, Shreya; Soeken, Karen; Marcantonio, Kristen; Bullock, Linda; Sharps, Phyllis

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
341

South Asian populations in Canada: migration and mental health  

Science.gov (United States)

Background South Asian populations are the largest visible minority group in Canada; however, there is very little information on the mental health of these populations. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence rates and characteristics of mental health outcomes for South Asian first-generation immigrant and second-generation Canadian-born populations. Methods The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2011 was used to calculate the estimated prevalence rates of the following mental health outcomes: mood disorders, anxiety disorders, fair-poor self-perceived mental health status, and extremely stressful life stress. The characteristics associated with these four mental health outcomes were determined through multivariate logistic regression analysis of merged CCHS 2007–2011 data. Results South Asian Canadian-born (3.5%, 95% CI 3.4-3.6%) and South Asian immigrant populations (3.5%, 95% CI 3.5-3.5%) did not vary significantly in estimated prevalence rates of mood disorders. However, South Asian immigrants experienced higher estimated prevalence rates of diagnosed anxiety disorders (3.4%, 95% CI 3.4-3.5 vs. 1.1%, 95% CI 1.1-1.1%) and self-reported extremely stressful life stress (2.6%, 95% CI 2.6-2.7% vs. 2.4%, 95% CI 2.3-2.4%) compared to their Canadian-born counterparts. Lastly, South Asian Canadian-born populations had a higher estimated prevalence rate of poor-fair self-perceived mental health status (4.4%, 95% CI 4.3-4.5%) compared to their immigrant counterparts (3.4%, 95% CI 3.3-3.4%). Different profiles of mental health determinants emerged for South Asian Canadian-born and immigrant populations. Female gender, having no children under the age of 12 in the household, food insecurity, poor-fair self-rated health status, being a current smoker, immigrating to Canada before adulthood, and taking the CCHS survey in either English or French was associated with greater risk of negative mental health outcomes for South Asian immigrant populations, while not being currently employed, having a regular medical doctor, and inactive physical activity level were associated with greater risk for South Asian Canadian-born populations. Conclusions Mental health outreach programs need to be cognizant of the differences in prevalence rates and characteristics of mental health outcomes for South Asian immigrant and Canadian-born populations to better tailor mental health services to be responsive to the unique mental health needs of South Asian populations in Canada.

2014-01-01

342

Indicators for Measuring Mental Health: Towards Better Surveillance  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Accurate measurement and improvement of population mental health requires the recording of indicators that capture the full spectrum of disease severity. This paper describes four different strategies for measuring the prevalence of depression and anxiety in Canada based on data from the 2002 Canadian Community Health Survey – Mental Health and Well-being (Cycle 1.2) and the 2003 Quebec medical services claims database. The use of multiple indicators provides a more comprehensive picture of...

Tannenbaum, Cara; Lexchin, Joel; Tamblyn, Robyn; Romans, Sarah

2009-01-01

343

Mental Health Literacy among Family Caregivers of Schizophrenia Patients  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The benefits of public knowledge towards physical health are widely accepted but the area of mental health literacy remains undervalued and relatively neglected. The study aimed to identify caregivers’ mental health literacy in Malaysia. There were 154 family caregivers participated in the face-to-face semi-structured interview regarding their personal caring experiences. This study found that majority of the caregivers was women aged less than 60 years. Most of the caregivers have some und...

Mohamad M. S.; Zabidah P.; Fauziah I.; Sarnon N.

2012-01-01

344

Predictors of Outpatient Mental Health Service Use by American Youth  

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Among American children and adolescents aged 1 to 17 years, the 12- to 17-year-olds represent the largest users of outpatient mental health services. This study utilizes a nationally representative sample of this age group from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health to illuminate predictors of services use from three treatment settings: day treatment programs, mental health clinics/centers, and private/in-home settings. Univariate analyses were used to calculate the percentages of th...

Alexandre, Pierre Ke?breau; Stephens, Robbin M.; Laris, Alexandra S.; Dowling, Krista; Rely, Kely

2008-01-01

345

Active ingredients in anti-stigma programmes in mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper draws upon a review of the relevant literature and the results of the recent Mental Health Awareness in Action (MHAA) programme in England to discuss the current evidence base on the active ingredients in effective anti-stigma interventions in mental health. The MHAA Programme delivered educational interventions to 109 police officers, 78 adults from different community groups whose working lives involved supporting people with mental health problems but who had received no mental health training and 472 schools students aged 14-15. Each adult target group received two intervention sessions lasting two hours. The two school lessons were 50 minutes each. Knowledge, attitudes and behavioural intent were assessed at baseline and follow-up. In addition focus groups were held with mental health service users to explore the impact of stigma on their lives and facilitators of educational workshops were interviewed to provide expert opinion on 'what works' to reduce psychiatric stigma. Personal contact was predictive of positive changes in knowledge and attitudes for the school students but not the police officers or community adult group. The key active ingredient identified by all intervention groups and workshop facilitators were the testimonies of service users. The statements of service users (consumers) about their experience of mental health problems and of their contact with a range of services had the greatest and most lasting impact on the target audiences in terms of reducing mental health stigma. PMID:16194782

Pinfold, Vanessa; Thornicroft, Graham; Huxley, Peter; Farmer, Paul

2005-04-01

346

Mental Health Stigma about Serious Mental Illness among MSW Students: Social Contact and Attitude  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, the attitudes toward and beliefs about serious mental illness (SMI) held by a group of graduate social work students in the northwestern United States were examined. Mental health stigma was examined with relation to the following factors: participants' level of social contact with SMI populations, adherence to stereotypes about SMI…

Covarrubias, Irene; Han, Meekyung

2011-01-01

347

Working Together for Mental Health: Evaluation of a one-day mental health course for human service providers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The Working Together For Mental Health course is an 8-hour course designed to demystify mental illness and mental health services. The main target group for the course is people working in human service organisations who provide services for people with mental illness. Methods A questionnaire was administered to all participants attending the course during 2003 (n = 165. Participants completed the questionnaire before and immediately after the course, and at three month follow-up. Results A response rate of 69% was achieved with 114 people completing the questionnaire on all three occasions. The responses showed a significant improvement in the self-assessed knowledge and confidence of participants to provide human services to people with a mental health problem or disorder, three months after the course. There was no significant improvement in participants' attitudes or beliefs about people with a mental health problem or disorder at three month follow-up; however, participants' attitudes were largely positive before entering the course. Conclusion The Working Together For Mental Health course was successful in improving participants' confidence and knowledge around providing human services to people with a mental health illness.

Forward Wayne

2006-10-01

348

The mental health continuum: from languishing to flourishing in life.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper introduces and applies an operationalization of mental health as a syndrome of symptoms of positive feelings and positive functioning in life. Dimensions and scales of subjective well-being are reviewed and conceived of as mental health symptoms. A diagnosis of the presence of mental health, described as flourishing, and the absence of mental health, characterized as languishing, is applied to data from the 1995 Midlife in the United States study of adults between the ages of 25 and 74 (n = 3,032). Findings revealed that 17.2 percent fit the criteria for flourishing, 56.6 percent were moderately mentally healthy, 12.1 percent of adults fit the criteria for languishing, and 14.1 percent fit the criteria for DSM-III-R major depressive episode (12-month), of which 9.4 percent were not languishing and 4.7 percent were also languishing. The risk of a major depressive episode was two times more likely among languishing than moderately mentally healthy adults, and nearly six times greater among languishing than flourishing adults. Multivariate analyses revealed that languishing and depression were associated with significant psychosocial impairment in terms of perceived emotional health, limitations of activities of daily living, and workdays lost or cutback. Flourishing and moderate mental health were associated with superior profiles of psychosocial functioning. The descriptive epidemiology revealed that males, older adults, more educated individuals, and married adults were more likely to be mentally healthy. Implications for the conception of mental health and the treatment and prevention of mental illness are discussed. PMID:12096700

Keyes, Corey L M

2002-06-01

349

Identity Theft in Community Mental Health Patients: Two Case Reports  

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Identity theft is a serious problem in the United States, and persons with enduring mental illnesses may be particularly vulnerable to becoming victims of this crime. Victims of identity theft experience a variety of consequences that include financial loss and serious emotional distress. Little is known about the impact of identity theft on individuals with mental illnesses. The two cases from a community mental health center presented in this article demonstrate many of the facets that may ...

2007-01-01

350

Trabalho na atenção básica: integralidade do cuidado em saúde mental / Work in primary health care: a comprehensive mental health care / Trabajo en la atención primaria de salud: integralidad del cuidado em salud mental  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este estudo tem por objetivo cartografar o cuidado ao usuário com necessidades no campo da saúde mental em uma Unidade Básica de Saúde, analisando o trabalho em equipe à luz da integralidade das ações de saúde. Seus participantes são trabalhadores de saúde, de diferentes profissões, que fazem parte [...] dos processos de trabalho em saúde mental do serviço. A técnica de coleta de dados utilizada foi o fluxograma analisador. Os resultados nos mostram que, na Unidade Básica, os fluxos conectivos entre os diversos trabalhadores - e entre estes e os usuários - vêm produzindo e proliferando vários e distintos espaços coletivos de trocas, possibilitando ações de saúde alinhadas à perspectiva da integralidade, através de uma compreensão ampliada do processo saúde-doença mental, construída pela valorização das relações humanas e das subjetividades envolvidas no espaço do trabalho em saúde. Abstract in spanish Este estúdio de abordaje cualitativa tiene como objetivo cartografiar el cuidado al usuário con necessidades en lo campo de la salud mental en uma Unidad Básica de Salud, a través de la análisis del trabajo en equipo a la luz de la integralidad de las acciones de salud. Sus partipantes son trabajado [...] res de salud mental, de diferentes profesiones, que son parte de los procesos de trabajo en salud mental de lo servicio. La colección de datos fue construida mediante lo fluxograma analizador. Los resultados muestran que, en la Unidad Básica, los flujos conectivos entre los diversos trabajadores - y entre estes y los usuarios - están a producir y proliferar vários y distintos espacios colectivos de intercâmbios, permitiendo acciones integrales de salud a través de una comprensión ampliada del proceso de salud-enfermedad mental, construida por médio de la valorización de las relaciones humanas y de las subjetividades involucradas en lo espacio del trabajo en salud. Abstract in english This study intends to map the health care given to the usuary with needs in the mental health field in a primary health care unity, analyzing the team work in the light of the integrate primary health care practices. The participants are health workers from different professions, who belong to the s [...] ervice's mental health working processes. The data collection technique used was the analytic flowchart. The results show us that the connective flows among the professionals and between them and the health unity's, in the primary health care unit, has been producing and proliferated diverse exchanges' spaces, making possible health actions aligned to the integrality in people's care through a enlarged understanding of health mental disease process, by means of human relationships' valuation and subjectivities involved in the health work space.

Caçapava, Juliana Reale; Colvero, Luciana de Almeida; Martines, Wânia Regina Veiga; Machado, Ana Lúcia; Silva, Ana Luísa Aranha e; Vargas, Divane de; Oliveira, Márcia Aparecida Ferreira de; Barros, Sônia.

351

Stigma and youth mental health: The importance of social context  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The term stigma has been widely used in the social sciences since the 1960s, however until recently it has rarely been applied in the context of youth mental health. This paper, which addresses the stigma of youth mental health, has two main aims. The first is to explain what is meant by stigma and to give examples of stigma drawn from interviews with young people with mental health problems.  The second aim is to explore what is known about the development of stigma and to ar...

Hennessy, Eilis

2013-01-01

352

Developing a community mental health nursing handover form.  

Science.gov (United States)

While nursing handovers are predominantly used in ward settings, this essential form of communication is also used by community mental health teams to promote continuity of care. A community mental health nursing handover form was developed to overcome poor communication of patient information. It is expected that the form will increase efficiency and reduce handover time by focusing on pertinent and current patient information. Implementation of a community mental health nursing handover form requires the willingness of staff to be proactive and embrace change. The involvement of nurse leaders is essential to implement successful change, overcome barriers and motivate staff. PMID:23855158

Burleton, Laurie

353

Preventing mental health problems among lesbian and gay college students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Young adults who self-identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual experience major stresses in managing their sexual orientation. They are at risk for serious mental health problems, including suicide and depression. The mental health concerns of lesbian and gay male college students are reviewed. These problems result from the difficulties involved in developing a lesbian or gay personal identity, and are exacerbated by widespread negative attitudes, harassment, and violence directed toward lesbians and gay men on college campuses. Several systemic preventive interventions are recommended to decrease mental health problems in this population. PMID:24258521

D'Augelli, A R

1993-06-01

354

Center of Psychosocial Attention (CAPS: worker’s mental health  

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Full Text Available The professional that is facing changes in the mental health attention has been constituted himself in the confront of Psychiatric Reform discourse, which defends that the medical/psychiatric knowledge must change its place for the multidisciplinarity, it must start using the notion health instead of using illness, city’s circulation instead of asylum, person in psychic suffering instead of person with mental illness, citizen instead of incapable one. This shock can be characterized as a factor of stress in the mental health teams’ work. This is a qualitative research, case study, and has the purpose of evaluating the strategies used by a CAPS’ (Center of Psychosocial Attention health team in promoting the worker’s mental health. Data collection was carried through during November and December 2006, in Foz do Iguaçu City, Parana State, Brazil. Data treatment will be done from the thematic analysis.

Cecília Helena Glanzner

2007-12-01

355

Whole-school mental health promotion in Australia  

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Full Text Available Although there is increasing recognition internationally of the significance of social and emotional health and wellbeing for the healthy development of young people, the levels of support that governments provide for mental health policy and programme initiatives vary widely. In this paper, consideration is given to Australia's approach to mental health promotion from early years to secondary school, including specific reference to the KidsMatter Primary mental health promotion, prevention and early intervention initiative. Although it is now well established that schools provide important settings for the promotion of mental health initiatives, there are significant challenges faced in effectively implementing and maintaining the delivery of evidence-based practice in school settings, including concerns about quality assurance in processes of implementation, translation, dissemination and evaluation.

Phillip T. Slee

2011-11-01

356

Relationship Between Sensory Processing Sensitivity, Personality Dimensions and Mental Health  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between sensory processing sensitivity, personality dimensions and mental health. In a sample of University of Mohaghegh Ardabili students. One hundred and eighty students were included in this study. All participants were asked to complete the highly sensitive person scale, NEO-five factor inventory and general health questionnaire. Analysis of the data involved both descriptive and inferential statistics including means, standard deviations, Pearson's correlation coefficients and regression analysis. The results revealed that ease of excitation was positively correlated to neuroticism and mental health (physical problems, anxiety, disorder in social functioning and depression and negatively related to extra version. Aesthetic sensitivity was positively related to neuroticism, openness to experience, consienciousness and anxiety. Low sensory threshold was also positively related to neuroticism, physical problems, anxiety and mental health. The results of regression analysis revealed that sensory processing sensitivity can explain considerable variances of personality traits and mental health.

B. Ahadi

2010-01-01

357

The need for a behavioural science focus in research on mental health and mental disorders.  

Science.gov (United States)

Psychology as a science offers an enormous diversity of theories, principles, and methodological approaches to understand mental health, abnormal functions and behaviours and mental disorders. A selected overview of the scope, current topics as well as strength and gaps in Psychological Science may help to depict the advances needed to inform future research agendas specifically on mental health and mental disorders. From an integrative psychological perspective, most maladaptive health behaviours and mental disorders can be conceptualized as the result of developmental dysfunctions of psychological functions and processes as well as neurobiological and genetic processes that interact with the environment. The paper presents and discusses an integrative translational model, linking basic and experimental research with clinical research as well as population-based prospective-longitudinal studies. This model provides a conceptual framework to identify how individual vulnerabilities interact with environment over time, and promote critical behaviours that might act as proximal risk factors for ill-health and mental disorders. Within the models framework, such improved knowledge is also expected to better delineate targeted preventive and therapeutic interventions that prevent further escalation in early stages before the full disorder and further complications thereof develop. In contrast to conventional "personalized medicine" that typically targets individual (genetic) variation of patients who already have developed a disease to improve medical treatment, the proposed framework model, linked to a concerted funding programme of the "Science of Behaviour Change", carries the promise of improved diagnosis, treatment and prevention of health-risk behaviour constellations as well as mental disorders. PMID:24375534

Wittchen, Hans-Ulrich; Knappe, Susanne; Andersson, Gerhard; Araya, Ricardo; Banos Rivera, Rosa M; Barkham, Michael; Bech, Per; Beckers, Tom; Berger, Thomas; Berking, Matthias; Berrocal, Carmen; Botella, Christina; Carlbring, Per; Chouinard, Guy; Colom, Francesc; Csillag, Claudio; Cujipers, Pim; David, Daniel; Emmelkamp, Paul M G; Essau, Cecilia A; Fava, Giovanni A; Goschke, Thomas; Hermans, Dirk; Hofmann, Stefan G; Lutz, Wolfgang; Muris, Peter; Ollendick, Thomas H; Raes, Filip; Rief, Winfried; Riper, Heleen; Tossani, Eliana; van der Oord, Saskia; Vervliet, Bram; Haro, Josep M; Schumann, Gunter

2014-01-01

358

Cognitive styles and mental rotation ability in map learning.  

Science.gov (United States)

In inspecting, learning and reproducing a map, a wide range of abilities is potentially involved. This study examined the role of mental rotation (MR) and verbal ability, together with that of cognitive styles in map learning. As regards cognitive styles, the traditional distinction between verbalizers and visualizers has been taken into account, together with a more recent distinction between two styles of visualization: spatial and object. One hundred and seven participants filled in two questionnaires on cognitive styles: the Verbalizer-Visualizer Questionnaire (Richardson in J Ment Imag 1:109-125, 1977) and the Object-Spatial Imagery Questionnaire (Blajenkova et al. in Appl Cogn Psych 20:239-263, 2006), performed MR and verbal tests, learned two maps, and were then tested for their recall. It was found that MR ability and cognitive styles played a role in predicting map learning, with some distinctions within cognitive styles: verbal style favoured learning of one of the two maps (the one rich in verbal labels), which in turn was disadvantaged by the adoption of spatial style. Conversely, spatial style predicted learning of the other map, rich in visual features. The discussion focuses on implications for cognitive psychology and everyday cognition. PMID:23771207

Pazzaglia, Francesca; Moè, Angelica

2013-11-01

359

Experiences of rejection by mental health patients— A qualitative study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and aim: People suffering from mental illness and their experiences of attitudes towards them are rarely investigated from the perspective of the individual. The aim was to gain an understanding of how a group of mental health patients experienced social relationships in personal settings as well as in society. Method: Open interviews with twenty-five mental health patients were conducted and analysed with a qualitative content analysis. Result: The essence of the result was that mental health patients’ experiences are still not taken enough into account, neither by mental health professionals nor by their social networks. This was underpinned by four core categories: Patients’ experience of deteriorated and reduced social contacts due to various degrees of acceptance and knowledge of people in general; service users reported on difficulties with social contacts in general, with family relationships, relationships with friends and workmates and with employers; reduced life opportunities were expressed, including violated self-image and poor coping competence and, ambivalent experiences of contact with the mental health services were reported. Conclusion and clinical implication: The present study contributes to the understanding of mental health patients’ experiences of professional services and of their social networks. This knowledge may strengthen the implications of patient-centred care essential for the outcome of the care.

Bertil Lundberg

2013-09-01

360

Mental Health Problems in Primary Care: Progress in North America  

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Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Research in the last decade has acknowledged that primary care plays a pivotal role in the delivery of mental health services. The aim of this paper is to review major accomplishments, emerging trends, and continuing gaps concerning mental health problems in primary care in North America. Methods: Literature from North America was reviewed and synthesized. Results: Major accomplishments include: the development and adoption of a number of clinical guidelines specifically for mental health conditions in primary care, the acceptance of the chronic care model as a framework for treating depression in primary care, and the clear adoption of pharmacologic approaches as the predominant mode for treating depression and anxiety. Emerging trends include: the use of non-physician facilitators as care managers in the treatment of depression in primary care, increasing use of technology in the assessment and treatment of mental health conditions in primary care, and dissemination and implementation of integrated mental health treatment approaches. Lingering issues include: the difficulty in moving beyond problem identification and initiation of treatment to sustaining evidence-based treatments, agreement on a common metric to evaluate outcomes, and the stigma still associated with mental illness. Conclusion: Though there now exists a solid and growing evidence base for the delivery of mental health services in primary care, there are still significant challenges which must be overcome in order to make further advances.

Kathryn M. Magruder

2007-03-01

 
 
 
 
361

Mental Health Problems in Primary Care: Progress in North America  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in english Background and Objectives: Research in the last decade has acknowledged that primary care plays a pivotal role in the delivery of mental health services. The aim of this paper is to review major accomplishments, emerging trends, and continuing gaps concerning mental health problems in primary care i [...] n North America. Methods: Literature from North America was reviewed and synthesized. Results: Major accomplishments include: the development and adoption of a number of clinical guidelines specifically for mental health conditions in primary care, the acceptance of the chronic care model as a framework for treating depression in primary care, and the clear adoption of pharmacologic approaches as the predominant mode for treating depression and anxiety. Emerging trends include: the use of non-physician facilitators as care managers in the treatment of depression in primary care, increasing use of technology in the assessment and treatment of mental health conditions in primary care, and dissemination and implementation of integrated mental health treatment approaches. Lingering issues include: the difficulty in moving beyond problem identification and initiation of treatment to sustaining evidence-based treatments, agreement on a common metric to evaluate outcomes, and the stigma still associated with mental illness. Conclusion: Though there now exists a solid and growing evidence base for the delivery of mental health services in primary care, there are still significant challenges which must be overcome in order to make further advances.

Kathryn M., Magruder; Derik E., Yeager.

362

OBJECTIVE HEALTH AND MENTAL HEALTH IN COLOMBIAN OLDER ADULTS  

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Full Text Available The aim of this research project was to describe the objective and psychic health of older adults in relation to gender, age and marital status. A sample of 500 people between the ages of 65 and 81 with an average of 65.59 and a standard deviation of 8.857 was selected for this study. Results showed significant differences both in objective and mental health based on gender, being greater for men as compared to women. No significant differences were found in terms of age and marital status. These results led to the conclusion that it is important to design and implement intervention programs that take into account, in an integrated manner, the specific changes found both for men and women and also to carry out systematic follow-up procedures that guarantee the improvement of the bio-psycho-social conditions of older adults

Uribe Rodríguez, Ana Fernanda

2007-06-01

363

Medical care usage and self-rated mental health  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Population studies frequently employ a single item dependent variable for overall health. Self-rated mental health has been the focus of attention less often. The purpose of this project was to investigate the relationship between use of medical care and poor mental health in an elderly population. Methods This study involved a cross-sectional telephone survey of persons over 65 years of age in West Texas, a sparsely-populated 108-county region. Independent variables included number of medical visits, race/ethnicity, age, gender and ability to pay for care. Mental health was measured by asking subjects how often they felt downhearted or blue. Results Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that more medical visits were made by persons who were downhearted or blue. Females, persons who had difficulty paying for care, Hispanic respondents, and older persons were more likely to report poor mental health. Conclusions Elderly persons in this region who use more medical care are at greater risk of being in poor mental health. Public health agencies that are planning population-based approaches to improving mental health should consider targeting persons who are high users of medical care as well as those of limited means, women, persons of Hispanic ethnicity, and people who are of greater age.

Rohrer James E

2004-02-01

364

Eating Disorders: National Institute of Mental Health's Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

The mission of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) is to reduce the burden of mental and behavioral disorders through research, and eating disorders embody an important fraction of this burden. Although past and current research has provided important knowledge regarding the etiology, classification, pathophysiology, and treatment of…

Chavez, Mark; Insel, Thomas R.

2007-01-01

365

Pathways to health in a deprived population: relationships between smoking, mental health & physical health  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction: Recently there has been increasing interest in understanding and addressing health inequalities and enhancing the well-being of the population as a whole through anticipatory care and better health care delivery. The current study aimed to investigate the predictive relationships between smoking behaviour, physical health, and mental health in a deprived population using models of mediation. Method: Participants had attended a Keep Well health check, a natio...

Kemp, Kim

2011-01-01

366

A preliminary taxonomy and a standard knowledge base for mental-health system indicators in Spain  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background There are many sources of information for mental health indicators but we lack a comprehensive classification and hierarchy to improve their use in mental health planning. This study aims at developing a preliminary taxonomy and its related knowledge base of mental health indicators usable in Spain. Methods A qualitative method with two experts panels was used to develop a framing document, a preliminary taxonomy with a conceptual map of health indicators, and a knowledge base consisting of key documents, glossary and database of indicators with an evaluation of their relevance for Spain. Results A total of 661 indicators were identified and organised hierarchically in 4 domains (Context, Resources, Use and Results, 12 subdomains and 56 types. Among these the expert panels identified 200 indicators of relevance for the Spanish system. Conclusions The classification and hierarchical ordering of the mental health indicators, the evaluation according to their level of relevance and their incorporation into a knowledge base are crucial for the development of a basic list of indicators for use in mental health planning.

Gibert Karina

2010-12-01

367

Self-Disclosure and Its Impact on Individuals Who Receive Mental Health Services.  

Science.gov (United States)

The final report of the Presidents New Freedom Commission on Mental Health, Achieving the Promise: Transforming Mental Health Care in America, identified discrimination and stigma as being a central obstacle to recovery for individuals with mental illness...

2008-01-01

368

Data mining of mental health issues of non-bone marrow donor siblings  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is a curative treatment for patients with advanced hematologic malignancies. However, the long-term mental health issues of siblings who were not selected as donors (non-donor siblings, NDS in the transplantation have not been well assessed. Data mining is useful in discovering new findings from a large, multidisciplinary data set and the Scenario Map analysis is a novel approach which allows extracting keywords linking different conditions/events from text data of interviews even when the keywords appeared infrequently. The aim of this study is to assess mental health issues on NDSs and to find helpful keywords for the clinical follow-up using a Scenario Map analysis. Findings A 47-year-old woman whose younger sister had undergone allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation 20 years earlier was interviewed as a NDS. The text data from the interview transcriptions was analyzed using Scenario Mapping. Four clusters of words and six keywords were identified. Upon review of the word clusters and keywords, both the subject and researchers noticed that the subject has had mental health issues since the disease onset to date with being a NDS. The issues have been alleviated by her family. Conclusions This single subject study suggested the advantages of data mining in clinical follow-up for mental health issues of patients and/or their families.

Takita Morihito

2011-07-01

369

Mental health literacy and the anxiety disorders  

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Full Text Available Context: This study set out to investigate the mental health literacy (MHL about eight anxiety disorders (ADs, using vignette methodology. Methods: In all 317 British Adult participants completed a questionnaire with vignettes describing eight anxiety disorders including OCD, PTSD, Agoraphobia, Specific Phobias, Social Phobia, Separation Anxiety Disorder, GAD and Panic Disorder. Recognition, beliefs about treatments and perceived life adjustment (happiness, success at work of specific people with these disorders were assessed. Results: Literacy levels varied across anxiety disorders, with high recognition of OCD (64.67%, but very poor for panic disorder (1.26%, GAD (2.84% and separation anxiety disorder (5.99%. There were few significant effects of vignette gender on literacy levels. MHL for most anxiety disorders was relatively low; particularly panic disorder, GAD and separation anxiety disorder. Social Phobics were judged as least happy and adjusted and agoraphobics least successful at work and would benefit most from psychological help. Conclusions: Overall recognition of the anxiety disorders was poor. Beliefs about adjustment and treatment varied widely as a function of each disorder. Implications of the research for education of the public and limitations of this research are considered.

Chiara Lousley

2013-03-01

370

The Role of Public Health in Addressing Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Mental Health and Mental Illness  

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Full Text Available Racial/ethnic minority populations are underserved in the American mental health care system. Disparity in treatment between whites and African Americans has increased substantially since the 1990s. Racial/ethnic minorities may be disproportionately affected by limited English proficiency, remote geographic settings, stigma, fragmented services, cost, comorbidity of mental illness and chronic diseases, cultural understanding of health care services, and incarceration. We present a model that illustrates how social determinants of health, interventions, and outcomes interact to affect mental health and mental illness. Public health approaches to these concerns include preventive strategies and federal agency collaborations that optimize the resilience of racial/ethnic minorities. We recommend strategies such as enhanced surveillance, research, evidence-based practice, and public policies that set standards for tracking and reducing disparities.

Annelle B. Primm, MD, MPH

2010-01-01

371

Psychiatric diagnosis: some implications for mental health nursing care.  

Science.gov (United States)

Psychiatric diagnosis: some implications for mental health nursing care This article explores some of the functions of psychiatric diagnosis and the implications this has for the mental health nursing care that service users receive. It proposes that because a psychiatric diagnosis often fails to describe the individual's experience of mental distress it can be regarded as a categorization process that, while not necessarily intentionally, serves to maintain oppressive power relations within society. It does this by establishing and maintaining the parameters of normality and abnormality in a manner that reflects particular gender, culture and class biases. The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders will be used to illustrate some of the inherent biases in the diagnostic process. Mental health nursing practice needs to demonstrate an awareness of the power relations inherent in any diagnostic process and make attempts to redress these at both the individual and sociopolitical levels. If mental health nursing practice is a patient-centred partnership, as many of our nursing standards suggest, then nursing's focus should be on the patient's experience rather than the psychiatric diagnosis with which the experience is attributed. Mental health nurses need to turn to service users to learn how best to help. PMID:10718877

Crowe, M

2000-03-01

372

Global mental health: transformative capacity building in Nicaragua  

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Full Text Available Background: Mental health is increasingly recognised as integral to good public health, but this area continues to lack sufficient planning, resources, and global strategy. It is a pressing concern in Latin America, where social determinants of health aggravate existing inequities in access to health services. Nicaragua faces serious mental health needs and challenges. One key strategy for addressing gaps in mental health services is building capacity at the primary healthcare and system levels. Objective: Using the framework of best practice literature, this article analyses the four-year collaborative process between the National Autonomous University of Nicaragua in León (UNAN-León and the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH in Canada, which is aimed at improving mental healthcare in Nicaragua. Design: Based on a critical analysis of evaluation reports, key documents, and discussion among partners, the central steps of the collaboration are analysed and main successes and challenges identified. Results: A participatory needs assessment identified local strengths and weaknesses, expected outcomes regarding competencies, and possible methodologies and recommendations for the development of a comprehensive capacity-building programme. The partners delivered two international workshops on mental health and addiction with an emphasis on primary healthcare. More recently, an innovative Diploma and Master programme was launched to foster interprofessional leadership and effective action to address mental health and addiction needs. Collaborative activities have taken place in Nicaragua and Canada. Discussion: To date, international collaboration between Nicaragua and CAMH has been successful in achieving the jointly defined goals. The process has led to mutual knowledge sharing, strong networking, and extensive educational opportunities. Evidence of effective and respectful global health capacity building is provided. Lessons learned and implications for global health action are identified and discussed.

Jaime C. Sapag

2013-09-01

373

Cost-sharing and the use of general medical physicians for outpatient mental health care.  

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Many patients with emotional disorders receive their mental health care from general medical physicians. In this article, we examine differences in costs and style between mental health care delivered by mental health specialists and that provided by general medical physicians, and the sensitivity to insurance of the patient's choice of mental health care provider. We use data from a randomized trial of cost-sharing, the RAND Health Insurance Experiment. Even when all outpatient mental health...

Wells, K. B.; Manning, W. G.; Duan, N.; Newhouse, J. P.; Ware, J. E.

1987-01-01

374

The theoretical basis of formation mental health of students on physical education  

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It is determined socio-cultural component of the definition “mental health”. The theoretical approaches to the interpretation of “health” and “mental health”: philosophical, pedagogical, psychological, medical. It is highlighted the social aspect of these definitions. It is substantiated the relationship of mental health with physical. It is analyzed the impact of mental health on the future professional success. The ways of forming the mental health of students in the physical ed...

Muhamediarov N.N.

2013-01-01

375

Sudden Death of Loved One Can Trigger Mental Health Issues  

Science.gov (United States)

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Sudden Death of Loved One Can Trigger Mental Health Issues ... role for loss of close personal relationships through death in assessment of psychiatric disorders. When someone loses ...

376

Quality indicators for international benchmarking of mental health care  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

To identify quality measures for international benchmarking of mental health care that assess important processes and outcomes of care, are scientifically sound, and are feasible to construct from preexisting data.

Hermann, Richard C; Mattke, Soeren

2006-01-01

377

Treating Detained Juveniles: Measuring Mental Health Traits and Gender Differences  

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Full Text Available An understanding of gender-specific differences between detained male and female youth and how these differences relate to mental health is fundamental to understanding, assessing, and treating this population. This study examined the prevalence of mental health symptoms among a sample of 4,015 incarcerated juveniles who were assessed at intake using the BASC-2, MAYSI-2, and Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children. Significant differences were found between males and females on many of the instruments’ clinical scales, the effect size, however, was small. The prevalence of mental health symptoms varied greatly based on the instrument used (12% and 70% for males; 18% and 72% for females. Interpretations of these results and how they can be used to enhance understanding and treatment of the mental health needs of this population, specifically the females, are discussed.

Todd L. Grande

2012-09-01

378

UNDERSTANDING INTERPERSONAL MALTREATMENT AND MENTAL HEALTH IN ADOLESCENCE  

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Full Text Available The present study aims to assess the mental health and maltreatment among orphan and non-orphan schooling adolescents residing in Jammu city. A purposive sample of 200 school going adolescents (100 from orphan schools and 100 from non-orphan schools from Jammu,with an age range of 13-16 years was collected.Consent from guardians and assent from adolescents were taken. In conclusion, study demonstrated that the mental health of orphan and non – orphan adolescents fall in the poor spectrum as observed from the manual comparatively . The mean value of mental health of non orphan adolescent boys & girls is slightly better than mental health of orphan boys and girls.

Samvedna Sharma

2014-06-01

379

Learning from the experiences of Hmong mental health providers  

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Full Text Available This article is a condensed version of a doctoral dissertation studying Hmong mental health providers. The central research question for this study was: What is the meaning of being a Hmong mental health provider? 11 Hmong mental health providers were interviewed about their experiences. Interviewees were asked to describe specificexperiences while doing this work. Interviews were audio taped and transcribed into text narratives. The methodology for conducting this research and analyzing the text was derived from the field of hermeneutic phenomenology. Five major themes emerged: (aThe clash; (b I call him uncle; (c Deciphering the code through Hmong embeddedness; (d Tshuaj vwm (crazy drugs; and (e In my heart I can see that it happened that way. Practical implications for educators and those working in the field of mental health arepresented.

Linda Gensheimer

2007-01-01

380

ICU Patients May Face Mental Health Issues After Discharge  

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... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. ICU Patients May Face Mental Health Issues After Discharge Study ... study of more than 24,000 Danish ICU patients found that after discharge, people had an increased ...

 
 
 
 
381

“Effect Of Yoga On Depression, Self Concept And Mental Health Of Normal Health Students”  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: The main objective of the study was to assess the effect of yoga training on depression, self concept and mental health. Hypothesis: Hypotheses of the study there will be difference in between control group and experimental group (Yoga Training on the dimension of depression, self concept and mental health. Materials and Methods: 40 normal health students were selected. 20 Experimental group of normal health students and 20 controlled group of normal health students. Age group was between 20 to 30 years. Both group were given pre test in three dimensions, i.e., Depression, Self concept and Mental Health. A yoga module consisting of yoga asanas, pranayama, meditation, 30 min of yoga training given daily for one month. For the both groups pre and post tests conducted. Results: positive effect of yoga on depression, self concept and mental health of normal health students. Yogic exercise can improve the depression, self concept and mental health in experimental grou.

Quadri Syed Javeed

2012-10-01

382

An overview of Ghana's mental health system: results from an assessment using the World Health Organization's Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems (WHO-AIMS)  

Science.gov (United States)

Background This survey provides data on the Mental Health System in Ghana for the year 2011. It supplies essential planning information for the implementation of Ghana’s new Mental Health Act 846 of 2012, a renewal of the Ghana 5 year plan for mental health and it contributes to international knowledge base on mental health. It provides a baseline from which to measure future progress in Ghana and comparison data for use in other countries. In addition to reporting our findings we describe and analyse deficiencies and strengths of the Ghana mental health system. Methods We used the World Health Organization’s Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems (WHO-AIMS) to collect, analyse, and report data on the mental health system and services for all districts of the ten regions of Ghana. Data was collected in 2012, based on the year 2011. Results In 2011, Ghana was a lower middle income country with a population of approximately 25 million. A mental health policy, plan and legislation were in place. Mental health legislation was outdated and no longer in line with best practice standards. Services were significantly underfunded with only 1.4% of the health expenditure going to mental health, and spending very much skewed towards urban areas. There were 123 mental health outpatient facilities, 3 psychiatric hospitals, 7 community based psychiatric inpatient units, 4 community residential facilities and 1 day treatment centre, which is well below what would be expected for Ghana’s economic status. The majority of patients were treated in outpatient facilities and psychiatric hospitals and most of the inpatient beds were provided by the latter. There were an estimated 2.4 million people with mental health problems of which 67,780 (ie 2.8%) received treatment in 2011. The were 18 psychiatrists, 1,068 Registered Mental Nurses, 19 psychologists, 72 Community Mental Health Officers and 21 social workers working in mental health which is unbalanced with an unbalanced emphasis on nurses compared to what would be expected. Conclusions The main strength of the mental health system was the presence of a long established service with staff working across the country in outpatients departments and hospitals. The main weakness was that government spending on mental health was very low and the bulk of services, albeit very sparse, were centred around the capital city leaving much of the rest of the country with almost no provision. Service provision was dominated by nurses with few other professions groups present.

2014-01-01

383

Determinantes sociais e económicos da Saúde Mental / Mental health: social and economic determinants  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O conceito de "saúde mental" é amplo, e nem sempre é fácil a sua definição, ou a identificação daquilo que a determina. No entanto, da mesma forma que a "saúde" não é apenas a ausência de doença, também a saúde mental é mais do que apenas a ausência de perturbação mental. Neste sentido, tem sido cad [...] a vez mais entendida como o produto de múltiplas e complexas interacções, que incluem factores biológicos, psicológicos e sociais. Neste artigo são revistos alguns dos determinantes sociais e económicos da saúde mental, nomeadamente factores como condições laborais e desemprego, educação, pobreza, condições de habitação, nível de urbanização, discriminação sexual e violência de género, experiências precoces e interacção familiar, exclusão social e estigma, cultura e acontecimentos de vida stressantes. Por fim, salienta-se também a importância do conhecimento dos determinantes sociais e económicos da saúde mental numa perspectiva de Saúde Pública, e a sua relevância para a redução da carga global de doença e a melhoria da saúde mental das populações. Abstract in english The concept of "mental health" is comprehensive, and it isn't always easy to define or to identify its determinants. However, in the same way that "health" isn't merely the absence of disease, mental health is also more than just the absence of mental disorder. Thus, it has increasingly been underst [...] ood as the product of multiple and complex interactions that include biological, psychological and social factors. This article reviews some of the social and economic determinants of mental health, including factors like working conditions and unemployment, education, poverty, housing conditions, urbanization, sexual discrimination and gender based violence, early experiences and family interactions, social exclusion and stigma, culture, and stressful life events. Finally, the importance of the knowledge of social and economic determinants of mental health in a Public Health perspective is also highlighted, as well as its relevance to reduce the global burden of disease and to improve the mental health of populations.

Ana Alexandra Marinho, Alves; Nuno Filipe Reis, Rodrigues.

384

Maternal Pre- and Postnatal Mental Health Trajectories and Child Mental Health and Development: Prospective Study in a Normative and Formerly Infertile Sample  

Science.gov (United States)

Pregnancy and early motherhood involve uncertainty and change, which can evoke mental health problems. We identified maternal mental health trajectories in pre- and postnatal period, and examined their association with later child mental health and development. Finnish mothers reported psychological distress (General Health Questionnaire [GHQ-36])…

Vanska, Mervi; Punamaki, Raija-Leena; Tolvanen, Asko; Lindblom, Jallu; Flykt, Marjo; Unkila-Kallio, Leila; Tiitinen, Aila; Repokari, Leena; Sinkkonen, Jari; Tulppala, Maija

2011-01-01

385

Faith Community Nursing: Supporting Mental Health during Life Transitions  

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Faith Community Nurses consider community cultural practices an essential component in understanding how to effectively support an individual’s mental health during important life transitions. Additionally, as part of their practice, Faith Community Nurses seek to understand how religious beliefs and life transitions such as marriage, divorce, birth, death, and illness impact on spiritual and mental health care. The emotional tolls of family separations due to wars, unexpected life events, ...

Anaebere, Ann Kiki; Delilly, Carol Rose

2012-01-01

386

The impacts of others' drinking on mental health  

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OBJECTIVE: To analyse the links between other people's drinking and mental health and to explore the effects on mental health of heavy and problematic drinkers both within and outside spousal relationships. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A secondary analysis of data obtained as part of the Alcohol's Harm to Others survey from 2622 randomly sampled Australian adults interviewed by telephone between October and December 2008. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported anxiety or depression and sa...

Ferris, J. A.; Laslett, A-m; Livingston, M.; Room, Robin; Wilkinson, C.

2011-01-01

387

Mental Health Problems in Primary Care: Progress in North America  

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Background and Objectives: Research in the last decade has acknowledged that primary care plays a pivotal role in the delivery of mental health services. The aim of this paper is to review major accomplishments, emerging trends, and continuing gaps concerning mental health problems in primary care in North America. Methods: Literature from North America was reviewed and synthesized. Results: Major accomplishments include: the development and adoption of a number of clinical guidelines specifi...

Magruder, Kathryn M.; Yeager, Derik E.

2007-01-01

388

Mental health in the slums of Dhaka - a geoepidemiological study  

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Abstract Background Urban health is of global concern because the majority of the world's population lives in urban areas. Although mental health problems (e.g. depression) in developing countries are highly prevalent, such issues are not yet adequately addressed in the rapidly urbanising megacities of these countries, where a growing number of residents live in slums. Little is known about the spectrum of mental well-being in urban slums and only poor knowledge exists on hea...

Gruebner Oliver; Khan M Mobarak H; Lautenbach Sven; Müller Daniel; Krämer Alexander; Lakes Tobia; Hostert Patrick

2012-01-01

389

The relationship between burnout and mental health among nurses  

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Background: Burnout is one of the most important factors in reduced productivity in organizations and involves physical and mental signs, especially in the human service professions. The role of nurses in the healthcare system is vital and motivation to ensure health security is extremely important. We carried out this research to examine the relationship between burnout and mental health in the nursing staff of educational hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences.Methods: A descrip...

Abdi masooleh F; Kaviani H; Khaghanizade M; Momeni Araghi A.

2007-01-01

390

Managing mental health difficulties in higher education: the lived experience  

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1.6 million young people are currently in higher education (HEFCE, 2010). Even though participation ‘stands at 57% for the 20% most advantaged...compared to 19% for the most disadvantaged 20 %’( Inside Government, 2011), this is an increasingly diverse population. Among the attendant pressures for both students and staff, mental health concerns predominate: since the Royal College of Psychiatrists published their first report into the mental health of students, (RCP, 2003), the issues ‘...

East, Carole Ann Margaret

2013-01-01

391

FACING MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS IN CHILDREN'S HOMES : Voices of caretakers  

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The aim of the study was to describe what kind of mental health problems caretakers’ face in children’s homes. The study comprises various approaches and working methods used in the care of adolescents with mental health problems. The study follows qualitative research methodology, primarily utilising theme-interviews. Eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with a psychiatrist and seven caretakers. The psychiatrist worked with adolescents taken into custody and the caretakers...

Pitka?nen, Jenni

2009-01-01

392

Mental health and human rights: never waste a serious crisis  

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Abstract A serious health and human rights crisis is unfolding in Indonesia. Media reports in the Jakarta press have highlighted the high death rates in shelters for people with mental illness that are run by the Jakarta Social Affairs Agency. This crisis represents an opportunity to bring about systematic and substantial changes in the Indonesian mental health system. In order to realise this opportunity the necessary elements of an approach are presented and briefly discussed.

Minas Harry

2009-01-01

393

Recognition rights, mental health consumers and reconstructive cultural semantics  

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Abstract Introduction Those in mental health-related consumer movements have made clear their demands for humane treatment and basic civil rights, an end to stigma and discrimination, and a chance to participate in their own recovery. But theorizing about the politics of recognition, 'recognition rights' and epistemic justice, suggests that they also have a stake in the broad cultural meanings associated with conceptions of mental health and illness. Results Fir...

Radden Jennifer H

2012-01-01

394

Informal and formal mental health: preliminary qualitative findings  

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Background . Northern-based research on mental health support, no matter the specific profession, helps to inform instruction of new practitioners and practitioners already working in rural or isolated conditions. Understanding the complexities of northern mental health support not only benefits clients and practitioners living in the North, but also helps prepare psychologists and counsellors preparing to work in other countries with large rural and isolated populations. The qualitative phas...

Neill, Linda O. X.; Serena George; Corinne Koehn; Blythe Shepard

2013-01-01

395

Global mental health intervention research and mass trauma  

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Susan Meffert,1 Solvig Ekblad21Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA; 2Karolinska Institutet, Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics (LIME), Cultural Medicine Unit, Stockholm, SwedenAbstract: The impact of mass trauma on mental health and the treatment of resulting disorders has been a major focus of global mental health work since the inauguration of the field. Descriptive studies in the 1990s provided convincing evidenc...

Meffert S; Ekblad S

2013-01-01

396

Shared decision making in mental health: prospects for personalized medicine  

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This paper describes the shared decision-making model, reviews its current status in the mental health field, and discusses its potential impact on personalized medicine. Shared decision making denotes a structured process that encourages full participation by patient and provider. Current research shows that shared decision making can improve the participation of mental health patients and the quality of decisions in terms of knowledge and values. The impact of shared decision making on adhe...

2009-01-01

397

Psychopathology and Mental Health in Middle Persian Manuscripts  

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AbstractObjectives:  The present study was designed to trace the literature related to the history of psychopathology and mental health in Middle Persian manuscripts. Method: The method consisted of library research into the hand written manuscripts and the collection of Middle Persian (Pahlavi) texts dating back to some fifteen hundred years ago. Findings: The frequency of the term ravan (psyche) and its lexical combinations reveal the basis of psychopathology, techniques of mental health c...

2002-01-01

398

Coordination between Child Welfare Agencies and Mental Health Service Providers, Children's Service Use, and Outcomes  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: Interorganizational relationships (IORs) between child welfare agencies and mental health service providers may facilitate mental health treatment access for vulnerable children. This study investigates whether IORs are associated with greater use of mental health services and improvement in mental health status for children served by…

Bai, Yu; Wells, Rebecca; Hillemeier, Marianne M.

2009-01-01

399

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Adolescent Offenders with Mental Health Problems in Custody  

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Many studies have identified high levels of mental health problems among adolescents in custody and there is increasing evidence that mental health problems in this population are associated with further offending and mental health problems into adulthood. Despite recent improvements in mental health provision within custodial settings there is…

Mitchell, Paul; Smedley, Kirsty; Kenning, Cassandra; McKee, Amy; Woods, Debbie; Rennie, Charlotte E.; Bell, Rachel V.; Aryamanesh, Mitra; Dolan, Mairead

2011-01-01

400

Effects of a Unit in Mental Health on Rural Adolescents' Attitudes about Seeking Help and Concepts of Mental Illness.  

Science.gov (United States)

One factor thought to contribute to the underutilization of mental health services, especially among rural Americans, is the stigma attached to mental illness and the associated help seeking process. This study investigated the effects of an instructional unit on mental illness and related issues on rural adolescents' concept of mental illness and…

Esters, Irvin G.; And Others

 
 
 
 
401

Assessing and responding to infant mental health needs.  

Science.gov (United States)

Early recognition of mental health problems in maltreated infants, coupled with tailored support to aid recovery, has the potential to offer significant benefits to a population whose needs have perhaps remained hidden in the past. All forms of maltreatment may adversely affect infant mental health, but perhaps none more so than emotional neglect. Universal contact with families with young children makes health visitors ideally placed to provide early support to this vulnerable group, but such practice requires considerable knowledge and understanding. This paper examines how emotional neglect can impact on an infant's mental health and explores how health visitors can assess and respond effectively to this key health need. Throughout, the term 'infant' is used to describe children from birth to age three. PMID:24133942

Cousins, Judy

2013-09-01

402

Mental health in adolescence: is America's youth flourishing?  

Science.gov (United States)

A continuous assessment and a categorical diagnosis of the presence of mental health, described as flourishing, and the absence of mental health, characterized as languishing, are proposed and applied to data from the second wave of the Child Development Supplement (CDS-II) of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID), in which a comprehensive set of subjective well-being items were administered to a sample of 1,234 youth ages 12-18. Flourishing was the most prevalent diagnosis among youth ages 12-14; moderate mental health was the most prevalent diagnosis among youth ages 15-18. Depressive symptoms decreased as mental health increased. Prevalence of conduct problems (arrested, skipped school, alcohol use, cigarette smoking, and marijuana use) also decreased and measures of psychosocial functioning (global self-concept, self-determination, closeness to others, and school integration) increased as mental health increased. Findings suggest the importance of positive mental health in future research on adolescent development. PMID:16981819

Keyes, Corey L M

2006-07-01

403

Anomia Social y Salud Mental Pública Anomie and Public Mental Health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este artículo presenta la relevancia del concepto de anomia para estudiar problemas de salud mental pública y desde allí proponer estrategias de promoción y prevención. El estudio de la anomia se caracteriza por la multiplicidad de definiciones y enfoques; se propone conceptualizarla como dérréglement o perturbación y asumirla como un Hecho Social Total en el sentido de que, a pesar de ser una característica de la estructura social, sus efectos ocupan todos los ámbitos de la existencia. Con base en descripciones hechas por varios autores que califican a las sociedades latinoamericanas de anómicas y a Colombia como caso extremo, el artículo plantea la pertinencia del concepto. La definición de salud mental en términos positivos y no como la ausencia de trastorno, confirma la necesidad de considerar a la anomia como un indicador de salud mental pública. Finalmente se propone que si la anomia se expresa a través de reglas, que son componentes básicos de la estructura social, las reglas también deberían ser punto de consideración para la intervención.This article uses the concept of anomie for understanding public mental-health issues and constructing strategies aimed at promoting health and preventing disease. Studying anomie involves many definitions and approaches; this article conceptualises anomie as dérréglement or derangement and as a total social fact as its effects and consequences are pervasive across all areas of human experience. The article suggests the pertinence of the concept to public health based on several authors’ observations depicting Latin-America as being a set of anomic societies and Colombia as the extreme case. Current definitions of mental health in positive terms (not just as being the absence of mental illness validate the need for considering anomie as an indicator of public mental health. The article proposes that if anomie expresses itself through rules as basic social structure components, then such rules should also be considered as the point of intervention in promoting mental health.

Carlos J Parales-Quenza

2008-10-01

404

Stigmatizing attitudes about mental illness and allocation of resources to mental health services.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study tests a social psychological model (Skitka & Tetlock, 1992). Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 28, 491-522; [1993]. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 65, 1205-1223 stating that policy maker decisions regarding the allocation of resources to mental health services are influenced by their attitudes towards people with mental illness and treatment efficacy. Fifty four individuals participated in a larger study of education about mental health stigma. Participants completed various measures of resource allocation preferences for mandated treatment and rehabilitation services, attributions about people with mental illness, and factors that influence allocation preferences including perceived treatment efficacy. Results showed significant attitudinal correlates with resource allocation preferences for mandated treatment, but no correlates to rehabilitation services. In particular, people who pity people with mental illness as well as those that endorse coercive and segregated treatments, were more likely to rate resource allocation to mandated care as important. Perceived treatment efficacy was also positively associated with resource allocation preferences for mandated treatment. A separate behavioral measure that involved donating money to NAMI was found to be inversely associated with blaming people for their mental illness and not being willing to help them. Implications of these findings on strategies that seek to increase resources for mental health programs are discussed. PMID:15453083

Corrigan, Patrick W; Watson, Amy C; Warpinski, Amy C; Gracia, Gabriela

2004-08-01

405

Mental Health and Substance Abuse Insurance Parity for Federal Employees: How Did Health Plans Respond?  

Science.gov (United States)

A fundamental concern with competitive health insurance markets is that they will not supply efficient levels of coverage for treatment of costly, chronic, and predictable illnesses, such as mental illness. Since the inception of employer-based health insurance, coverage for mental health services has been offered on a more limited basis than…

Barry, Colleen L.; Ridgely, M. Susan

2008-01-01

406

School-Based Health Centers: On the Front Line for Mental Health  

Science.gov (United States)

School-based health centers (SBHCs) are the "ideal location" for primary care and mental health staff to "collaboratively address students' physical and mental health needs"--leading to greater success in school and in life. This brief document provides key facts that support this argument.

National Assembly on School-Based Health Care, 2011

2011-01-01

407

Telemental Health Technology in Deaf and General Mental-Health Services: Access and Use  

Science.gov (United States)

Long-distance travel to provide mental health services for deaf people has implications for efficiency, safety, and equality of service. However, uptake of Telemental Health (TMH) has been slow in both deaf and general mental health services. A quantitative study was used to investigate access to TMH and whether staff confidence, experience, or…

Austen, Sally; McGrath, Melissa

2006-01-01

408

Mental Health Problems and Symptoms among Male Adolescents Attending a Teen Health Clinic.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined the frequency and nature of mental health problems and symptoms among a group of 51 inner city male adolescents attending a teen health clinic. Results indicated participants experienced significant mental health problems and symptoms, such as relationship problems, problems with time and money, and symptoms of anger, depression, and…

Smith, Peggy B.; Buzi, Ruth S.; Weinman, Maxine L.

2001-01-01

409

Epidemiology of mental health and insanity: a review of literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The studies epidemiologists in the area of mental health still are seen as and few used in the elaboration of politics of health, action of health incipient, planning of the investments and programs of promotion and social whitewashing for this population. This study it has as objective to make a revision of literature on the subject, tracing as beginning of the line of the time the decade of 1970, dates probable of the trajectory of the studies epidemiologists in the area of mental health, until the present moment, focusing the studies epidemiologists in the northeast region, more specifically, in the Paraíba, where the research epidemiologist starts the spoon fruits.

Emilene Nóbrega Medeiros

2006-04-01

410

The Carter Center Mental Health Program: Addressing the Public Health Crisis in the Field of Mental Health Through Policy Change and Stigma Reduction  

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Some of the most pervasive and debilitating illnesses are mental illnesses, according to World Health Organization's The World Health Report 2001 — Mental Health: New Understanding, New Hope. Neuropsychiatric conditions account for four of the top five leading causes of years of life lived with disability in people aged 15 to 44 in the Western world. Many barriers prevent people with mental illnesses from seeking care, such as prohibitive costs, lack of insurance, and the stigma and discrim...

Palpant, Rebecca G.; Steimnitz, Rachael; Bornemann, Thomas H.; Hawkins, Katie

2006-01-01

411

The Role of Public Health in Addressing Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Mental Health and Mental Illness  

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Racial/ethnic minority populations are underserved in the American mental health care system. Disparity in treatment between whites and African Americans has increased substantially since the 1990s. Racial/ethnic minorities may be disproportionately affected by limited English proficiency, remote geographic settings, stigma, fragmented services, cost, comorbidity of mental illness and chronic diseases, cultural understanding of health care services, and incarceration. We present a model that ...

Primm, Annelle B.; Vasquez, Melba J. T.; Mays, Robert A.; Sammons-posey, Doreleena; Mcknight-eily, Lela R.; Presley-cantrell, Letitia R.; Mcguire, Lisa C.; Chapman, Daniel P.; Perry, Geraldine S.

2010-01-01

412

Victimization, trauma, and mental health: Women's recovery at the interface of the criminal justice and mental health systems  

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There is substantial evidence that women in psychiatric and correctional settings constitute severely traumatized populations, and that women’s experiences of victimization and trauma are intricately connected to their mental health and substance use problems, and their pathways to crime. Yet, little research has focused on victimization and trauma in the lives of women at the interface of the criminal justice and mental health systems. This study explored the trauma-related experiences and...

2012-01-01

413

Transformational and transactional leadership skills for mental health teams.  

Science.gov (United States)

Many treatments for persons with severe mental illness are provided by mental health teams. Team members work better when led by effective leaders. Research conducted by organizational psychologists, and validated on mental health teams, have identified a variety of skills that are useful for these leaders. Bass (1990, 1997) identified two sets of especially important skills related to transformational and transactional leadership. Leaders using transformational skills help team members to view their work from more elevated perspectives and develop innovative ways to deal with work-related problems. Skills related to transformational leadership promote inspiration, intellectual stimulation, individual consideration, participative decision making, and elective delegation. Mental health and rehabilitation teams must not only develop creative and innovative programs, they must maintain them over time as a series of leader-team member transactions. Transactional leadership skills include goal-setting, feedback, and reinforcement strategies which help team members maintain effective programs. PMID:10452698

Corrigan, P W; Garman, A N

1999-08-01

414

Mental health care delivery system in Greece: a critical overview.  

Science.gov (United States)

The organizational profile of the mental health care delivery system in Greece is mainly characterized by centralization which is reflected in various functional parts of the system (uneven distribution of psychiatric beds and manpower, absence of psychiatric units in general hospitals serving a certain catchment area, lack of community-based psychiatric services, etc.) As a result of this centralized structure there is a centrifugal flow of the mentally ill patients toward Athens and Thessaloniki and consequently the existing possibilities for community-based care as an alternative to inpatient treatment are rather limited. Future immediate objectives of the national social policy planning should be based on decentralization and reorganization of the psychiatric services in order for the mental health delivery system to respond more effectively to the mental health needs of the Greek population. PMID:7458890

Stefanis, C N; Madianos, M G

1981-01-01

415

Challenges and Opportunities in Measuring the Quality of Mental Health Care  

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The purpose of this paper is to delineate the barriers to mental health quality measurement, and identify strategies to enhance the development and use of quality measures by mental health providers, programs, payers, and other stakeholders in the service of improving outcomes for individuals with mental health and substance use disorders. Key reasons for the lag in mental health performance measurement include lack of sufficient evidence regarding appropriate mental health care, poorly defin...

Kilbourne, Amy M.; Keyser, Donna; Pincus, Harold Alan

2010-01-01

416

Exceso de trabajo y agravios mentales a los trabajadores de la salud Overwork and mental health problems in health workers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar en la literatura latinoamericana cuales trabajadores de la salud son los más afectados por agravios psíquicos y/o mentales como consecuencia de exceso de trabajo y describir las características de esos agravios. Fue realizada una revisión de revistas indizadas en SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online, para el período del 1998 al 2008. Se encontraron 17 artículos que tratan del tema propuesto, y las enfermeras y el personal de enfermería fueron los más discutidos, seguidos por médicos, psicólogos, dentistas y técnicos del área de la salud. Los agravios psíquicos y/o mentales más identificados fueron estrés laboral y el Síndrome de Burnout. Se concluyó que el trabajo realizado de manera excesiva favorece significativamente los agravios a la salud psíquica y mental de los trabajadores de la salud.This study aimed to identify in Latin American scientific literature which health workers are most affected by mental health problems resulting from overwork and describe the characteristics of those disorders. A survey was conducted in journals indexed in SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online, for the period from 1998 to 2008. Seventeen articles addressed the theme, and nurses and the nursing staff were the most discussed professionals, followed by physicians, psychologists, dentists and health care technicians. The most identified mental health problems were occupational stress and Burnout Syndrome. It was concluded that overwork considerably favors mental health problems in health care workers.

Maria Lucia do Carmo Cruz Robazzi

2010-03-01

417

The importance of communication for clinical leaders in mental health nursing: the perspective of nurses working in mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Communication has been identified as an important attribute of clinical leadership in nursing. However, there is a paucity of research on its relevance in mental health nursing. This article presents the findings of a grounded theory informed study exploring the attributes and characteristics required for effective clinical leadership in mental health nursing, specifically the views of nurses working in mental health about the importance of effective communication in day to day clinical leadership. In-depth interviews were conducted to gain insight into the participants' experiences and views on clinical leadership in mental health nursing. The data that emerged from these interviews were constantly compared and reviewed, ensuring that any themes that emerged were based on the participants' own experiences and views. Participants recognized that effective communication was one of the attributes of effective clinical leadership and they considered communication as essential for successful working relationships and improved learning experiences for junior staff and students in mental health nursing. Four main themes emerged: choice of language; relationships; nonverbal communication, and listening and relevance. Participants identified that clinical leadership in mental health nursing requires effective communication skills, which enables the development of effective working relationships with others that allows them to contribute to the retention of staff, improved outcomes for clients, and the development of the profession. PMID:24131413

Ennis, Gary; Happell, Brenda; Broadbent, Marc; Reid-Searl, Kerry

2013-11-01

418

Social contagion of mental health: evidence from college roommates.  

Science.gov (United States)

From a policy standpoint, the spread of health conditions in social networks is important to quantify, because it implies externalities and possible market failures in the consumption of health interventions. Recent studies conclude that happiness and depression may be highly contagious across social ties. The results may be biased, however, because of selection and common shocks. We provide unbiased estimates by using exogenous variation from college roommate assignments. Our findings are consistent with no significant overall contagion of mental health and no more than small contagion effects for specific mental health measures, with no evidence for happiness contagion and modest evidence for anxiety and depression contagion. The weakness of the contagion effects cannot be explained by avoidance of roommates with poor mental health or by generally low social contact among roommates. We also find that similarity of baseline mental health predicts the closeness of roommate relationships, which highlights the potential for selection biases in studies of peer effects that do not have a clearly exogenous source of variation. Overall, our results suggest that mental health contagion is lower, or at least more context specific, than implied by the recent studies in the medical literature. PMID:23055446

Eisenberg, Daniel; Golberstein, Ezra; Whitlock, Janis L; Downs, Marilyn F

2013-08-01

419

Social inequalities in mental health in Norway: possible explanatory factors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background It is well known that there is a social gradient in mental health, the prevalence of mental disorders stepwise increasing by lower social status. The reason for this, however, is not clear, and the purpose of the present study was to explore possible mediating factors between social status and mental health. Methods The study has a cross-sectional design, and was based on a nationwide survey in Oslo, Norway, counting 12 310 people in the age of 30–60 years. Immigrants from non-western countries were excluded. Socio-demographic data were gathered from existing registers, whereas data on health, psychosocial variables and life style were gathered by structured interview. As indicator of mental health was used a 10-items version of Hopkins Symptom Checklist, measuring psychological distress. Measures of general self-efficacy and sense of powerlessness was used as indicators of control of own life situation. Results A strong social gradient in mental health was found, the prevalence of psychological distress increasing by decreasing social status. Psychosocial factors, including self-efficacy, sense of powerlessness, control of work, social support and negative life events, in particular economic problems, as well as life style factors (physical exercise, BMI, smoking and somatic health, likewise showed a social gradient, all risk factors increasing by decreasing social status. When adjusting for the risk factors in multivariate statistical analyses, the social gradient in mental health was eliminated. Low self-efficacy and sense of powerlessness emerged as important explanatory factors, alongside with poor social support, economic problems, smoking and somatic disorder. Conclusion Both individual characteristics, supposedly linked to the personality, like low self-efficacy, and factors related to the actual life situation, like economic problems and a feeling of powerlessness, contribute to the social gradient in mental health, and both aspects should be addressed in preventive work.

Dalgard Odd

2008-12-01

420

Migration and mental health in Europe (the state of the mental health in Europe working group: appendix 1  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background This paper is a part of the work of the group that carried out the report "The state of the mental health in Europe" (European Commission, DG Health and Consumer Protection, 2004 and deals with the mental health issues related to the migration in Europe. Methods The paper tries to describe the social, demographical and political context of the emigration in Europe and tries to indicate the needs and (mental health problems of immigrants. A review of the literature concerning mental health risk in immigrant is also carried out. The work also faces the problem of the health policy toward immigrants and the access to health care services in Europe. Results Migration during the 1990s has been high and characterised by new migrations. Some countries in Europe, that have been traditionally exporters of migrants have shifted to become importers. Migration has been a key force in the demographic changes of the European population. The policy of closed borders do not stop migration, but rather seems to set up a new underclass of so-called "illegals" who are suppressed and highly exploited. In 2000 there were also 392.200 asylum applications. The reviewed literature among mental health risk in some immigrant groups in Europe concerns: 1 highest rate of schizophrenia; suicide; alcohol and drug abuse; access of psychiatric facilities; risk of anxiety and depression; mental health of EU immigrants once they returned to their country; early EU immigrants in today disadvantaged countries; refugees and mental health Due to the different condition of migration concerning variables as: motivation to migrations (e.g. settler, refugees, gastarbeiters; distance for the host culture; ability to develop mediating structures; legal residential status it is impossible to consider "migrants" as a homogeneous group concerning the risk for mental illness. In this sense, psychosocial studies should be undertaken to identify those factors which may under given conditions, imply an increased risk of psychiatric disorders and influence seeking for psychiatric care. Comments and Remarks Despite in the migrants some vulnerable groups were identified with respect to health problems, in many European countries there are migrants who fall outside the existing health and social services, something which is particularly true for asylum seekers and undocumented immigrants. In order to address these deficiencies, it is necessary to provide with an adequate financing and a continuity of the grants for research into the multicultural health demand. Finally, there is to highlight the importance of adopting an integrated approach to mental health care that moves away from psychiatric care only.

Hardoy Maria

2005-08-01

 
 
 
 
421

Mental health first aid for Indigenous Australians: using Delphi consensus studies to develop guidelines for culturally appropriate responses to mental health problems  

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Abstract Background Ethnic minority groups are under-represented in mental health care services because of barriers such as poor mental health literacy. In 2007, the Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) program implemented a cultural adaptation of its first aid course to improve the capacity of Indigenous Australians to recognise and respond to mental health issues within their own communities. It became apparent that the content of this training would be improved by the developmen...

Hart Laura M; Jorm Anthony F; Kanowski Leonard G; Kelly Claire M; Langlands Robyn L

2009-01-01

422

E-Mental Health - Developing a general screening tool for Mental Disorders  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Mental health care is critical and while governments are trying to increase awareness of the problem the available resources is not sufficient to confront the growing problem. The thesis proposes a design theory, using Gregor and Jones’s (2007) ‘Anatomy of a Design Theory’ framework, for the current mental illness dilemma that all societies are facing. The proposed solution is one of using information systems, together with domain knowledge and conventional instruments from the field of...

Lochan, Alicia Ruth

2010-01-01

423

Security Considerations for E-Mental Health Interventions  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Security considerations are an often overlooked and underfunded aspect of the development, delivery, and evaluation of e-mental health interventions although they are crucial to the overall success of any eHealth project. The credibility and reliability of eHealth scientific research and the service delivery of eHealth interventions rely on a high standard of data security. This paper describes some of the key methodological, technical, and procedural issues that need to be considered to ensu...

Bennett, Kylie; Bennett, Anthony James; Griffiths, Kathleen Margaret

2010-01-01

424

Mental health research in Brazil: policies, infrastructure, financing and human resources / A pesquisa em saúde mental no Brasil: políticas, infra-estrutura, financiamento e recursos humanos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O presente estudo, descritivo teve como objetivo mapear a pesquisa em saúde mental no Brasil, fornecendo uma visão de infraestrutura, financiamento e políticas em saúde mental das pesquisas. O estudo faz parte do Projeto Atlas da Organização Mundial da Saúde realizado nos países de média e baixa ren [...] da per capita, entre os anos de 1998-2002. A coleta de dados incluiu a avaliação de documentos governamentais e páginas da web, e questionários enviados para os profissionais chave para fornecer informações acerca da infra-estrutura de pesquisa em saúde mental no Brasil. No ano de 2002, o orçamento total para a pesquisa em saúde foi de 101 milhões de dólares, dos quais 3,4 milhões (3,4%) foram aplicados em Pesquisa para Saúde Mental. As principais fontes financiadoras para pesquisa mental foram a Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (Fapesp, 53,2%) e o Ministério da Educação (CAPES, 30,2%). A proporção de doutores é de 1,7 por um mil habitantes, e a taxa de psiquiatras é de 2.7 por 100 mil habitantes, estimadas pelo censo de 2000. Em 2002, havia 53 cursos de pós-graduação direcionados a educação em saúde mental no Brasil (43 em psicologia, seis em psiquiatria, três em psicobiologia e um em enfe