WorldWideScience

Sample records for malignant fibrous histiocytomas

  1. Postirradiation malignant fibrous histiocytoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A slowly growing, firm, asymptomatic tumor developed in the skin overlying the left scapula of a 72-year-old woman during a six-month period. Twenty-seven years earlier, she had radiation treatment to that site for an intraductal carcinoma of the left breast. The histopathologic diagnosis was malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH). The rarity of this late complication of radiation therapy is reflected by a few reports in the medical literature of cutaneous MFH as late radiation sequelae

  2. Primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the mediastinum.

    OpenAIRE

    Morshuis, W.J.; Cox, A. L.; Lacquet, L.K.; Mravunac, M.; Barentsz, J. O.

    1990-01-01

    A malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the mediastinum was successfully treated by surgery and radiotherapy. Magnetic resonance imaging was able to show the site of invasion, the two different components of the tumour, and the blood supply.

  3. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the mediastinum.

    OpenAIRE

    Aggarwal, P.; S. K. SHARMA; Dey, A.B.; Chattopadhyay, T K; Mathur, M

    1989-01-01

    A case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the mediastinum presenting with unusual features of fever and leucocytosis is reported. This is the youngest patient reported in the literature who had this tumour in the mediastinum.

  4. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma with skeletal involvement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takechi,Hideo

    1978-10-01

    Full Text Available Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of soft part is rather common but malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the bone is rarely encountered clinically. Authors present five cases of malignant fibrous histiocytoma with skeletal involvement and discuss their clinical course, x-ray findings and histological features. This tumor has marked tendency for local recurrence and metastasis. Other bone tumors such as giant cell tumor, aneurysmal bone cyst, non ossifying fibroma, osteosarcoma, fibrosarcoma of bone and metastatic cancer can be excluded by several characteristic findings observed in x-rays as well as histopathological features. All information on the patient should be carefully analysed, because it is difficult to decide whether bone involvement is primary or secondary. Four out of five cases definitely originated within the bone.

  5. Postirradiation sarcoma (malignant fibrous histiocytoma) following cervix cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A case of postirradiation sarcoma is described. The tumor, a malignant fibrous histiocytoma, occurred in the radiation field 11 years following postoperative external beam radiation therapy (7,000 rad) for carcinoma of the cervix. Reports of postirradiation malignant fibrous histiocytoma are rare, and the occurrence of this neoplasm following treatment for cervix cancer has not previously been described. The literature concerning postirradiation bone and soft tissue sarcomas is briefly reviewed, with special attention to malignant fibrous histiocytomas. (author)

  6. Retroperitoneal Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma Can Mimic a Hydatid Cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Kenan Cal?skan; Emine Tuba Canpolat; Zafer Koc; Serife Ulusan; Gurcan Erbay

    2011-01-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma is the second most common soft-tissue sarcoma in adults. After the extremities, the retroperitoneal space is the second most common site of this tumor. A 50-year-old man presented with a right retroperitoneal, thick-walled, cystic multilocular mass measuring 10?×?10?cm that was thought to be a type CE 5 hydatid cyst preoperatively. However, the postoperative histopathology did not agree with the radiological findings and instead showed a malignant fibrous histio...

  7. Post-radiation cranial malignant fibrous histiocytoma studied by CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 37-year-old woman presented with a proven case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the skull. This is thought to be a rare complication of post-radiation to a chromophobe adenoma which was treated by radiotherapy nine years previously. The radiation dose given to the sella region after the removal of the chromophobe adenoma was 4500 cGy

  8. Post-radiation cranial malignant fibrous histiocytoma studied by CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romero, F.J.; Ortega, A.; Ibarra, B.; Piqueras, J.; Rovira, M.

    1989-03-01

    A 37-year-old woman presented with a proven case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the skull. This is thought to be a rare complication of post-radiation to a chromophobe adenoma which was treated by radiotherapy nine years previously. The radiation dose given to the sella region after the removal of the chromophobe adenoma was 4500 cGy.

  9. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma following radiation therapy of fibrous dysplasia: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amin, R.; Ling, R. [Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital (United Kingdom)

    1995-10-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma commonly occurs spontaneously. In some cases it follows previous therapeutic or incidental irradiation, or miscellaneous pre-existing osseous conditions. Recently, it has been associated with total hip arthroplasty. We report a case of malignant fibrous histocytoma following radiation therapy of fibrous dysplasia and review literature. (author).

  10. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the lower lip: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pechalova Petia F

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH represents the diagnosis that is still commonly used by both patients and physicians although in 2002., the World Health Organization (WHO declassified MFH as a formal diagnostic entity, renaming it as an undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma not specifying it further. MFH is extremely rare in the oral cavity. The aim of this article was to describe a newly diagnosed case of primary MFH in a 78-year-old male presented after 4-months history of rapidly increasing swelling of lower lip. Histopathology of the lesion showed highly malignant cell infiltration with epithelioid/spindle cell type morphology. Immunohistochemical study was positive for vimentin (++, S-100 protein (++ and negative for desmin and cytokeratin. The authors discussed the possibilities of immunohistochemical study and necessity of individual treatment plan in patients with MFH, comparing their point of view with other studies.

  11. Adult paratesticular malignant fibrous histiocytoma treated with surgery, systemic chemotherapy and postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schmitz Matthew

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Paratesticular malignant fibrous histiocytoma is an extremely rare malignancy of the scrotum. This malignancy has rarely been described in the literature and scant information exists on the optimal management of this cancer. We present here a case of a 57-year-old man with a diagnosis of high-grade malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the left intrascrotal region who underwent radical orchiectomy, systemic chemotherapy and postoperative radiotherapy.

  12. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of sternum: an unusual cause of pyrexia of undetermined origin.

    OpenAIRE

    Grieco, A.; Caputo, S; Silvestri, E.; Caradonna, P.; Bertoli, A.; Greco, A V

    1989-01-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the bone is a very rare tumour mainly affecting long bones, and the most common presenting symptom is local pain. A case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma presenting with pyrexia of undetermined origin and arising in the sternum, a localization not previously described, is reported. The patient died with septic shock after multi-drug chemotherapy including high dose methotrexate treatment with citrovorum factor rescue.

  13. MALIGNANT FIBROUS HISTIOCYTOMA OF THE PENIS A CASE REPORT AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tufan Tarcan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Penile malignant fibrous histiocytoma is an extremely rare tumor. To the best of our knowledge, we present here the fifth primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the penis. The patient presented with lung metastasis which initially responded well to systemic chemotherapy with Adriamycin and Ifosfamide, but recurred soon after. The local lesion did not respond to chemotherapy and the patient had to undergo a palliative penectomy. The disease progressed rapidly and the patient died one year after the diagnosis.

  14. Single somatic ras gene point mutation in soft tissue malignant fibrous histiocytomas.

    OpenAIRE

    Bohle, R M; Brettreich, S.; Repp, R.; Borkhardt, A.; Kosmehl, H.; Altmannsberger, H. M.

    1996-01-01

    The frequency of ras gene mutations in human soft tissue malignant fibrous histiocytomas within and around the hot spot codons (12, 13, and 61) of all ras genes, (H-ras-1, K-ras-2, and N-ras) was studied by nested polymerase chain reaction and direct DNA sequencing from archival formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue. Light microscopy and immunohistochemistry served to define malignant fibrous histiocytoma. All of the four differentiation subtypes (storiform-pleomorphic, inflammatory, myxoi...

  15. Histiocitoma fibroso maligno / Histiocytome fibreux malin / Malignant fibrous histiocytoma

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Hiralio, Collazo Álvarez; Dewar, Torrecilla Silverio; Jorge Luis, Morales Florat; Stephens Yecc, Collazo Marín.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: los sarcomas son tumores malignos de partes blandas que representan 0,7 % de los tumores malignos en general, con una tasa de 3 por cada 100 000. El histiocitoma fibroso maligno resulta un tumor de alto grado incluido en el grupo de los sarcomas de partes blandas. Objetivo: exponer las [...] características citohistológicas, el tratamiento y la evolución de este tumor en un caso estudiado y tratado en el Hospital General Provincial Docente "Roberto Rodríguez Fernández" de Ciego de Ávila. Descripción: se presentó el caso de un varón de 60 años con una gran masa de partes blandas en el muslo izquierdo, de crecimiento progresivo. La masa se trató quirúrgicamente con exéresis en bloque, previos estudios analíticos, arteriografía femoral y ecografía. Conclusiones: el diagnóstico anatomopatológico fue de histiocitoma fibroso maligno variedad pleomórfica; fue remitido al servicio de oncología donde lo trataron con radioterapia. A los 6 meses se encontraba libre de la enfermedad. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura y se analizó su presentación clínica, también los hallazgos histológicos, las pruebas diagnósticas de imagen y el procedimiento terapéutico. Abstract in english Introduction: the sarcomas are soft tissue malignant tumors accounting for the 0.7 % of malignant tumors in general with a rate of 3 by 100 000. The malignant fibrous histiocytoma is a high grade tumor included in the group of soft tissue tumors. Objective: to expose the cytohistologic features, tre [...] atment and course of this tumor in study case and treated in "Roberto Rodríguez Fernández" Teaching Provincial Hospital of Ciego de Avila municipality. Description: this is the case of a male patient aged 60 presenting with an increasing large soft tissue mass in the left thigh. The mass was operated on with block exeresis, analytical previous studies, femoral arteriography and echography. Conclusions: the anatomic and pathologic diagnosis was a malignant fibrous histiocytoma pleomorphous type; the patient was referred to Oncology service where was treated with radiotherapy. At 6 months he was free of disease. A review of literature was performed analyzing its clinical presentation also, its histological findings, the imaging diagnostic test and the therapeutical procedure.

  16. MR imaging findings of malignant fibrous histiocytoma of bone

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study is to assess magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings of malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of bone and to evaluate the role of contrast-enhanced MR imaging in the diagnosis of bone MFH. MR imagings of pathologically proven bone MFH in ten patients were reviewed. Enhanced study was also performed with Gd-DTPA. The MR images were evaluated for signal intensity, homogeneity, marginal definition, presence of internal septation, cortical destruction, soft tissue extension, joint involvement and contrast enhancement. Tumors showed iso- or slightly high signal intensity to muscle on T1-weighted images and heterogeneously high signal intensity on T2-weighted images. Four cases showed poor-marginated border on T2-weighted images and four cases had internal septa. Eight of nine patients with intravenous administration of Gd-DTPA showed contrast enhancement, five were heterogeneous and three were homogeneous. All cases showed cortical destruction and soft tissue extension. Five cases showed joint involvement. Bone MFH showed similar MR imaging findings of soft tissue MFH or other malignant bone tumors, but joint involvement was suggestive finding of bone MFH

  17. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma originating from the mesorectum: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Torigoe Takayuki

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH is a common sarcoma affecting soft tissues of the body, especially of the extremities or trunk. Prognosis of the abdominal MFH is usually poor. Case presentation A 52-year-old female presented to our surgical outpatient clinic with a lower abdominal tumor that had been gradually increasing in size. Clinical examination revealed a firm, irregularly surfaced, fixed, painless, child-head-sized tumor located in her lower abdomen. Computed tomography (CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI of the abdomen revealed a polycystic tumor at the lower abdomen which was 15 × 13 × 11 cm in diameter and encased the colorectum to the left back side. A barium enema and a colonoscopy showed direct invasion to the rectum. In 2001, the tumor had been excised along with a low anterior resection of the rectum because of direct invasion. The origin of this tumor was the mesorectum. The weight of the excised tumor was 1,500 g, including 800 ml of a brown fluid. A histopathological diagnosis revealed a common type of MFH, in which mitotic figures are frequently seen. Conclusion This patient has survived without recurrence, for approximately 8 years since the completed tumor resection. It is important to obtain a complete resection during the MFH treatment.

  18. Retroperitoneal Cystic Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma Mimicking a Psoas Abscess.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Madan Mohan; Bahri, Nandini; Watal, Pankaj; Rathod, Ketan; Thaker, Siddarth; Bhandari, Parthiv; Dhamecha, Ketul; Ajudia, Jasmin

    2015-07-01

    Primary neoplasms in the psoas muscle including schwannoma and soft tissue sarcoma with secondary cystic degeneration are rare entities. They are difficult to distinguish from psoas abscess purely based on radiological findings. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) in the retroperitoneum is an uncommon entity in contrast to liposarcoma and leiomyosarcoma. Psoas abscess is a common infection in the retroperitoneum, especially in regions where tuberculosis is endemic. In the current case, the patient presented with gradually progressive lower abdominal pain and raised erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), lymphocyte count and sputum positive for acid fast bacilli. There was a presence of previous history of skeletal tuberculosis. Imaging revealed well-defined multilocular cystic lesion involving the left psoas muscle which along with the clinical scenario suggested psoas abscess. However, post-operative biopsy showed the lesion to be a MFH with extensive cystic degeneration. To the best of our knowledge, cystic MFH mimicking an abscess has been previously reported only once in an oncology literature. PMID:26557275

  19. Postirradiation sarcoma (malignant fibrous histiocytoma) following uterine cervical cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A case of postirradiation sarcoma, a malignant fibrous histiocytoma, is described. The tumor occurred in the radiation field (the buttock) 8 years after radiation therapy for keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix. The 68-year-old female patient with the inital diagnosis of cervical cancer was treated with pelvic irradiation in 1973. She did well after that with no evidence of disease until 1981 when she developed an enlarging mass in the right buttock within the field of the previous radiation therapy. Microscopically, the tumor at biopsy was composed of pleomorphic histiocyte-like cells, spindle-sphaped cells arranged in a storiform pattern and multinucleated giant cells with bizarre nuclei. Cytodiagnostically, two types of cells, fibroblast-like cells ane histiocyte-like cells, were found. And some cells were considered to be transitional forms, intermediate between fibroblast and histiocytes. Multinucleated pleomorphic giant cells were sometimes seen. Ultrastructurally, the same types of cells were confirmed. These cells contained large numbers of rough endoplasmic reticula with dilated lumens, vacuoles, lysosomal structures, and lipid droplets. (author)

  20. Primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the sigmoid colon: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubbini, M; Marzola, A; Spanedda, R; Scalco, G B; Zamboni, P; Guerrera, C; Donini, I

    1983-01-01

    This paper presents a case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma localized in the sigmoid colon with multiple metastases in the right lobe of the liver and describes the pathological and microscopic aspects, clinical course and characteristics. The primary localization in the sigmoid colon is extremely rare, this being only the second case reported. PMID:6323346

  1. MRI of malignant fibrous histiocytoma of soft tissue: analysis of 13 cases with pathologic correlation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We reviewed the magnetic resonance (MR) appearances of 13 malignant fibrous histiocytomas (MFH) of soft tissue and correlated each with the respective lesion's histopathology. The MR images were evaluated for signal intensity on T1- and T2-weighted spin echo sequences, homogeneity of the lesion, presence of internal low signal septations, and margin definition. Histologic subtypes of MFH included storiform-pleomorphic, giant cell, myxoid, and inflammatory. We could not establish a correlation between MR appearance and histopathology. Instead, our series exhibited general features suggestive of malignant soft tissue neoplasms, namely poor margin definition, internal low signal septation, and heterogeneous high signal intensity on T2-weighted images. (orig.)

  2. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma following radiation therapy and chemotherapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) originates from primitive mesenchymal cells and has the capacity for dual differentiation into histiocytes and fibroblasts. MFH occurring as a secondary malignancy following radiochemotherapy is rare and its exact incidence is not yet known. Here we report a case of a 42-year-old man who developed MFH in his right knee over a period of more than 10 years after radio (44 Gy)-chemotherapy to treat Hodgkin's lymphoma. After the diagnosis the patient did not return and was lost to follow-up. This is a rare case with unusual presentation, and it highlights the importance of the awareness and prevention of such secondary tumors. (author)

  3. Radiological findings of primary abdominal malignant fibrous histiocytoma : emphasis on CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Kang Hoon; Lee, Hae Giu; Lee, Jae Mun; Baik, Jun Hyun; Yu, Won Jong; Kim, Jong Kyu; Yim, Jung Ik; Shinn, Kyung Sub [Catholic Univ. Medical College, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Hong Jae; Ha, Hyun Kwon [Asan Medical Center, Ulsan Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-10-01

    To evaluate the radiological findings of abdominal malignant fibrous histiocytomas We retrospectively reviewed the radiological findings of 13 masses in seven patients including two patients with multiple masses. The masses were located at the mesentery and omentum in three patients and at the retroperitoneum in four. Gastrointestinal examination using barium was performed in four patients, ultrasonography in five and computed tomography in all. The average diameter of masses was 7.8cm(range:1-20cm);plain abdominal films revealed soft tissue masses in all patients. Three of four barium studies demonstrated only displacement of bowel loops and the other showed findings of submucosal tumor. Eight of 11 masses were detected on ultrasonography and all were round or lobulated and had well defined margins. Four of these masses were greater than 8cm in diameter and showed homogeneous echogenicity with central hypo or anechoic area;the remaining were less than 8cm and showed relatively homogeneous echogenicity. On computed tomography, all 13 masses were seen as highly enhanced and well circumscribed. Seven were greater than 5cm in diameter and had internal low-density areas. Peritumoral vessel-like structures were seen in eight masses and on plain abdominal radiograph and computed tomogram, calcification was seen in one patient. In no patient was combined retroperitoneal or intraperitoneal lymphadenopathy noted. Abdominal malignant fibrous histiocytomas are well-circumscribed, round or lobulated bulky masses with frequent necrosis and occasional calcification. Characteristically, there is no combined lymphadenopathy and multiple masses are a rare manifestation. These findings may be helpful in the diagnosis of malignant fibrous histiocytoma.

  4. Clinical characteristics of the primary hepatic malignant fibrous histiocytoma in China: case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yao Dianbo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A malignant fibrous histiocytoma is a soft tissue tumor that most commonly occurs in the extremities, but rarely involves the liver. The clinical characteristics and therapeutic experiences of primary hepatic malignant fibrous histiocytoma are still limited. Methods Two cases of primary hepatic malignant fibrous histiocytoma were analyzed retrospectively, and all the literature concerning primary hepatic malignant fibrous histiocytoma was analyzed. Results In China, a total of 76 cases had been reported, among which 50 were men, with a male to female ratio of 1.9:1. Mean age of the patients was 51.0 years old, and more than 85 percent were older than 40 years. 82.9 percent (63/76 of hepatic MFH were solitary lesions, with tumor size ranging from 2.5 to 23.5 cm (average 10.3 cm. Major clinical presentation (78.4% was abdominal pain or discomfort, accompanied with some other non-specific symptoms such as malaise, anorexia, weight loss, jaundice and fever, and small cases (14.9% were asymptomatic. Computed tomography and ultrasound usually revealed the location of lesions. The rate of pre-operative misdiagnosis was extremely high, and 14.9 percent of patients were even misdiagnosed as a benign liver cyst, liver abscess or hematoma. Integrated resection was performed among the most cases (49/68, among which only a few ones (12 cases were introduced to have no recurrence or metastasis or be still alive with no detail information provided, while among the cases with palliative operation or only a biopsy, the cases that were followed-up all died. Conclusions Hepatic malignant fibrous histiocytoma is a rare malignant mesenchymal tumor. The variable features of clinical presentations and images make the diagnosis difficult. Though the prognosis of primary hepatic malignant fibrous histiocytoma was rather poor, integrated resection might provide a few cases a good opportunity for surviving, suggesting that surgery might be an effective treatment.

  5. Post-radiation malignant fibrous histiocytoma following treatment of breast cancer: A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Post-radiation malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of the breast is extremely rare. We report a case of post-radiation MFH that presented a rapidly growing mass in a 52-year-old woman who underwent breast-conserving therapy and adjuvant whole breast irradiation 6 years ago. To the best of our knowledge, only one case of primary MFH of the female breast have been reported with sonographic findings. We analyzed the sonographic and MRI findings with correlative histopathologic features, and then confirmed with surgical excision.

  6. An 11 kg Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma in a 54-Year-Old Patient: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghadir M.R

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH is a soft tissue sarcoma of undifferentiated mesenchymal cell origin which is considered the most common soft tissue sarcoma in adults. It commonly occurs in the 5th and 6th decades with a 2-to-1 male to female ratio. It most frequently occurs in the extremities and retroperitoneum. Most of it is derived from soft tissues and some of it from bone tissue. In this study, we introduce a patient who had MFH in retroperitoneal area and at the time of diagnosis the tumor size and weight had reached a significant level.Case Report: The patient is a 54-year-old male that referred to the hospital with complaints of pain and fullness in the abdomen. His pain had started from two years ago and had been accompanied with early satiation, bloating, weight gain and hypertension. On physical examination, asymmetric enhancement was visible. After diagnosis of mass and investigation of its development in abdomen and pelvic with CTscan, the patient was underwent operation and a mass with about 11kg of weigh was resected. During pathologic investigation, high grade spindle cell sarcoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma were reported. After resection of tumor, the abdominal pain of patient disappeared and additionally his blood pressure came back to normal levels.

  7. Report of a Rare Case of Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Mandible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Ahmadi-Motamayel

    Full Text Available Introduction: Malignent Fibrous Histiocytoma (MFH is the most frequent soft tissue sarcoma of adulthood. The most common sites affected by MFH are limbs, orbit, retroperitoneum, pelvis and knee. Oral cavity and mandible involvements are very rare. Case Report: A 35-year-old male was visited in the oral medicine department of Hamadan dental school with the chief complaint of pain and teeth mobility. The patient also had a history of paresthesia in lower lip for two monthes. In intraoral examination, there was a crater like, deep and disseminated ulcer in lower buccal and ligual gingiva of right mandibular teeth and exophitic lesion with smooth surface, and color similar to normal mucosa with 2×2×3 cm in diameter in buccal and lingual part of right lateral and central teeth extended to left second premolar was observed. Gingival resorption was observed in all adjascent teeth. There was radiolucency with irregular border in all part of lesion. MFH was confirmed by histopathological report.Conclusion: The most common complaint of patients with malignant fibrous histiocytoma is the growing mass that could be ulcerative or painful. Early diagnosis and referral is very important in prognosis and survival of the patients.

  8. Radiology and pathology of malignant fibrous histiocytomas of the soft tissues; a report of ten cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischer, H.J.; Lois, J.F.; Gomes, A.S.; Mirra, J.M.; Deutsch, L.S.

    1985-03-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytomas (MFH) are believed to originate from histiocytes and are composed of malignant cells with spindle or round shapes. We evaluated ten MFH of the soft tissues by plain roentgenograms, computed tomography (CT), and angiography and subdivided them into four grades of anaplasia and five predominant histologic variants. The variants of MFH demonstrated different vascular patterns. The extension of the lesions could be determinded by CT and angiography. CT is the method of choice in the assessment of size and extent of MFH of the soft tissues. When intra-arterial chemotherapy is indicated the angiograms obtained at each catheter placement may substitute CT in follow-up studies obviating additional diagnostic procedures.

  9. Radiology and pathology of malignant fibrous histiocytomas of the soft tissues a report of ten cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malignant fibrous histiocytomas (MFH) are believed to originate from histiocytes and are composed of malignant cells with spindle or round shapes. We evaluated ten MFH of the soft tissues by plain roentgenograms, computed tomography (CT), and angiography and subdivided them into four grades of anaplasia and five predominant histologic variants. The variants of MFH demonstrated different vascular patterns. The extension of the lesions could be determinded by CT and angiography. CT is the method of choice in the assessment of size and extent of MFH of the soft tissues. When intra-arterial chemotherapy is indicated the angiograms obtained at each catheter placement may substitute CT in follow-up studies obviating additional diagnostic procedures. (orig.)

  10. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma/undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma of the penis. A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report the case of a malignant fibrous histiocytoma/undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (MFH/UPS) of the penis in a 78-years-old-man who had undergone previous radical prostatectomy, external beam radiation therapy for prostatic adenocarcinoma. The mass was a 9-cm firm lesion at the base of the penis predominantly composed of malignant spindle cells arranged in sweeping fascicles and storiform pattern. The tumor cells stained for vimentin, ?-smooth muscle actin, S-100, and were negative for keratin, desmin, Melan A, prostate specific antigen (PSA). Despite total penectomy, he developed a local reccurence 4 months after surgery, and died from dissemination 6 months after surgery. This is the 8th case of penile MFH/UPS. (author)

  11. MRI of angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Chao-Shiang; Chen, Wei-Tsung; Chen, Ran-Chou; Tu, Hsing-Yang [Taipei Municipal Jen-Ai Hospital, Department of Radiology, Taipei (Taiwan); Chan, Wing P. [Taipei Medical University, Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Taipei (Taiwan); Taipei Municipal Wan-Fang Hospital, Department of Radiology, Taipei (Taiwan); Chang, Chih-Peng [Taipei Municipal Jen-Ai Hospital, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Taipei (Taiwan); Shih, Li-Sun [Taipei Municipal Jen-Ai Hospital, Department of Pathology, Taipei (Taiwan)

    2004-10-01

    Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma is a rare soft tissue tumor of low-grade malignancy. We present the case of a 32-year-old man who complained of soreness and numbness over his left arm and hand over the previous 2 months and of having a palpable mass over his left upper back for 4 years. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed an intramuscular soft tissue mass in the left scapular region. The tumor mass was seen to have multiple cystic components with fluid-fluid levels. Histological examination showed multiple cystic spaces filled with blood lakes and hemosiderin deposits in the solid part of the tumor. After the initial surgery, the patient had local recurrences over 2.5 years. The immunohistochemical study at the second surgery showed that the recurrent tumor was strongly positive for the histiocytic marker CD68, and the myoid trait desmin. Histological diagnosis was compatible with angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma. (orig.)

  12. MRI of angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma is a rare soft tissue tumor of low-grade malignancy. We present the case of a 32-year-old man who complained of soreness and numbness over his left arm and hand over the previous 2 months and of having a palpable mass over his left upper back for 4 years. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed an intramuscular soft tissue mass in the left scapular region. The tumor mass was seen to have multiple cystic components with fluid-fluid levels. Histological examination showed multiple cystic spaces filled with blood lakes and hemosiderin deposits in the solid part of the tumor. After the initial surgery, the patient had local recurrences over 2.5 years. The immunohistochemical study at the second surgery showed that the recurrent tumor was strongly positive for the histiocytic marker CD68, and the myoid trait desmin. Histological diagnosis was compatible with angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma. (orig.)

  13. A case of radiation-induced pelvic malignant fibrous histiocytoma 8 years after radiotherapy for uterus cervical cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A case of postradiation malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the pelvis was reported. The patient is a 79-year-old woman. She was treated by radiation for cervical cancer of the uterus 8 years ago. The problem of second cancer will be more important in cancer treatment. (author)

  14. Primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma in mediastinum: Imaging with 18F FDG PET/CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is the most common soft tumor which often occurs in the extremities and the retroperitoneum. Pimary mediastinal MFH is rare; thus, findings on 18F fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F FDG PET/CT) of mediastinal MFH have not been reported yet. We report herein the case of a 64 year old man who was presented with a superior mediastinal mass. the mass showed intense 18F FDG uptake with central metabolic defect on PET/CT the maximum standardized uptake value was 17.4. after tumor removal via median sternotomy, an MFH of the storiform pleomorphic type was diagnosed on histopathologic examination. We the first report of 18F FDG PET/CT imaging of MFH in the superior mediastinum

  15. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the urinary bladder as a post-radiation secondary cancer: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nimmanon Thirayost

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Malignant fibrous histiocytomas have been periodically reported as the primary tumor in various organs including the urinary bladder, and is the second most frequent sarcoma of the urinary tract in adults. This report discusses a case of the well established diagnosis of a malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the bladder occurring as a post-radiation cancer after the treatment of a cervical carcinoma. Our findings support those of many previous studies and make the view of the nature of the disease clearer. Case presentation We report the case of a 54-year-old Thai woman who had been treated with radiation therapy for cervical cancer, who presented to our facility with urinary incontinence. Initially, our patient was diagnosed as having a high-grade urothelial carcinoma. Subsequent radical surgery rendered the final pathological diagnosis, confirmed histologically and immunohistochemically as malignant fibrous histiocytoma, with clinical and pathological staging of T4b N0 M0. Adjuvant chemotherapy was provided for our patient. Conclusions This type of malignancy is very aggressive and easily misdiagnosed due to its rarity. Therefore, in a patient with a prior history of irradiation in the pelvic area, this should be considered as a differential diagnosis to ensure early correct diagnosis and treatment.

  16. Primary Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Right Ventricle and Main Pulmonary Trunk with a Review of the Literature

    OpenAIRE

    Glock, Yves; Binon, J.P.; Rocchichioli, J.P.; Duboucher, Christophe; Kreidi, Rharid; Calazel, Jacques; Puel, Pierre; Bernadet, Pierre

    1989-01-01

    We report the case of a 76-year-old man with a malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the right ventricle and main pulmonary trunk, diagnosed through echocardiography and catheterization. Extensive resection of the right ventricular outflow tract, pulmonary valve apparatus, and main pulmonary trunk was performed, and the defect was repaired with a valveless ventriculo-pulmonary Dacron graft. The patient recovered uneventfully, and was doing well 18 months after surgery.

  17. Histiocitoma fibroso maligno retroperitoneal: A propósito de un caso / Retroperitoneal malignant fibrous histiocytoma: case report

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Pablo, Eguíluz Lumbreras; Alberto, Palacios Hernández; Oscar, Heredero Zorzo; Javier, García García; Florencio, Cañada de Arriba; Federico, Pérez Herrero; Ramón, Gómez Zancajo.

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Presentar un caso de una tumoración retroperitoneal de gran tamaño con diagnóstico patológico de Histiocitoma fibroso maligno y revisar aspectos diagnósticos y terapéuticos de la literatura actual. Método: Presentamos el caso de un hombre de 75 años de edad que durante un ingreso en el ser [...] vicio de digestivo por clínica de astenia de meses de evolución y problemas gastrointestinales se realiza CT abdomino-pélvico, identificando gran masa de 20 x 22 x 12 cm que parece depender del riñón izquierdo junto a aneurisma de aorta abdominal de 8 cm de diámetro. Resultados: Se somete al paciente a intervención quirúrgica donde se realiza Nefrectomía radical izquierda más resección radical de masa retroperitoneal, que histológicamente corresponde a un Histiocitoma fibroso maligno, tipo estoriforme-pleomórfico con focos de degeneración hialina (Estadio pT2b). Conclusiones: Los sarcomas son neoplasias infrecuentes. Pueden adoptar una gran variedad de patrones morfológicos y distintos grados de diferenciación. El tratamiento quirúrgico continúa siendo la única terapia con posibilidades curativas. El tratamiento adyuvante radioterápico y/o quimioterápico es cuestionado. Abstract in english Objective: We present the case of a big retroperitoneal tumor that received the pathologic diagnosis of malignant fibrous histiocytoma. We also review the diagnostic and therapeutic features of this disease in the current literature. Methods: We present the case of a 75-year-old male who was admitte [...] d to the Gastrointestinal Disease Department with asthenia of several months of evolution and gastrointestinal problems. Abdominopelvic CT scan revealed a big mass of 20 x 22 x 12 cm, which seems to depend from the left kidney, together with an 8 cm diameter abdominal aortic aneurysm. Results: The patient underwent surgery and left radical nephrectomy together with radical resection of the retroperitoneal mass were performed. Pathology reportes malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the storiform-pleomorphic type, with hyaline degeneration foci (stadium pT2B). Conclusions: Sarcomas are rare neoplasias. They can adopt several different morphologic patterns, as well as many differentiation degrees. The surgical treatment is still the only therapy with healing possibilities. Adjuvant treatments through radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy are brought into question.

  18. Simultaneous Occurrence of Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Ureter and Dioctophyma Renale Infection: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Hye Young; Seo, Jung Wook; Lee, Byung Hoon; Lee, Ji Young; Kim, Su Young; Cha, Soon Joo; Kim, Yong Hoon; Hwang, Yoon Joon; Kim, You Sung [Dept. of Radiology, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Goyang (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-03-15

    A common soft-tissue tumor, malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) occurs in mainly limbs, retroperitoneal and peritoneal space, and occurrence in kidneys or the ureter is very rare. Dioctophyma renale (D. renale) since first discovered in dog's kidney was found in the kidneys of animals such as mink, coyote and weasel, and human infection has only been reported in only approximately 20 cases worldwide. MFH of the ureter and D. renale infection very rarely occur in humans, and has not been reported in our country. Here, we described the case of an adult man in whom MFH of the ureter simultaneously occurred with D. renale infection. An initial CT scan showed a well-defined, persistent, enhancing polypoid mass-like lesion in the upper ureter. After 10 months, D. renale was excreted in the urine and a follow-up CT scan showed an increase in the size of that lesion and irregular thickening of the ureter wall. The diagnosis of MFH was pathologically verified.

  19. Simultaneous Occurrence of Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Ureter and Dioctophyma Renale Infection: A Case Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A common soft-tissue tumor, malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) occurs in mainly limbs, retroperitoneal and peritoneal space, and occurrence in kidneys or the ureter is very rare. Dioctophyma renale (D. renale) since first discovered in dog's kidney was found in the kidneys of animals such as mink, coyote and weasel, and human infection has only been reported in only approximately 20 cases worldwide. MFH of the ureter and D. renale infection very rarely occur in humans, and has not been reported in our country. Here, we described the case of an adult man in whom MFH of the ureter simultaneously occurred with D. renale infection. An initial CT scan showed a well-defined, persistent, enhancing polypoid mass-like lesion in the upper ureter. After 10 months, D. renale was excreted in the urine and a follow-up CT scan showed an increase in the size of that lesion and irregular thickening of the ureter wall. The diagnosis of MFH was pathologically verified.

  20. Manifestations and therapy of malignant fibrous histiocytomas in the head and neck area

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    From 1982 through 1987, ten patients with malignant fibrous histiocytomas (MFH) in the head and neck area were treated at the ORL Department of the Central Hospital of Bremen. The primary tumor was situated in the region of the paranasal sinuses in six cases and in the parotid gland, the thyroid gland, the inferior maxilla, and the petrosal bone in one case, each. Nine patients were submitted to primary surgery. A postoperative irradiation was performed in four cases, and in four further cases this was done only when a recurrent tumor had been demonstrated. Three patients received a combined chemotherapeutical treatment. Eight patients died, the median survival time was 15 months. Besides local recurrences which occured frequently, remote metastases are the decisive factor for the further evolution of the disease. The lung was the most common site of metastatic spread. Only two patients with MFH of the parasanal sinuses are living now without recurrence after an observation time of 24 and 36 months, respectively. (orig.)

  1. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the deep peri-articular tissue of the stifle in a dog : case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.J. Booth

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available A Belgian shepherd dog aged 4 years and 9 months was presented with acute onset of non-weight bearing lameness and stifle effusion of the left hind limb, caused by the deep form of a malignant fibrous histiocytoma originating in the deep musculature and fascia surrounding the stifle joint. The tumour progressed rapidly in the tissues along the femoral diaphysis with marked periosteal new bone formation. Cytology of a stifle joint aspirate revealed numerous large polygonal neoplastic cells with considerable anisocytosis and anisokaryosis. These cells were present in clusters, with cytoplasmic projections between the cells, but occasionally also occurred singly. Several cells contained multiple cytoplasmic vacuoles and occasional giant cells were also encountered. Adequate tumour-free margins were not possible with radical limb amputation and the dog was euthanased. Macroscopically the tumour appeared as an extensive pale tan, firm mass with scattered small haemorrhages and foci of yellow discolouration. Histologically the tumour consisted of dense neoplastic expanses or multiple nodules, composed of spindle-shaped fibroblastic cells, polygonal histiocytic cells or cell clusters and scattered giant cells with 2-3 nuclei. The polygonal neoplastic cells were frequently present around and invading lymphatics and blood vessels, causing neoplastic emboli. This is the 1st report of the clinical behaviour, radiography and cytology of the deep form of malignant fibrous histiocytoma in the dog.

  2. An adult patient who developed malignant fibrous histiocytoma 9 years after radiation therapy for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 24-year-old Japanese man with a history of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, which occurred during childhood, developed malignant fibrous histiocytoma of his left knee. His past history revealed that he had undergone leukemic blast cell invasion of the left knee and subsequent radiation therapy 9 years ago. The total radiation doses for the upper part of the left tibia and the lower part of the left femur were 60 Gy and 40 Gy, respectively. Neither distant metastasis nor a relapse of leukemia occurred. A curative resection of the left femur with a noninvasive margin was performed. Adjuvant chemotherapy including high-dose methotrexate was given successfully before and after surgery; this was followed by relapse-free survival for 3 years. The nature of postirradiation malignant fibrous histiocytoma is highly aggressive. When a patient complains of persistent symptoms in a previously irradiated field, the possibility of this tumor must be taken into account. The importance of early diagnosis cannot be over-emphasized. (author)

  3. An adult patient who developed malignant fibrous histiocytoma 9 years after radiation therapy for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kato, Yasuhiro [National Hiroshima Hospital, Higashi-Hiroshima (Japan); Ohno, Norioki; Horikawa, Yoko; Nishimura, Shin-ichiro; Ueda, Kazuhiro; Shimose, Shoji [Hiroshima Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine

    2002-12-01

    A 24-year-old Japanese man with a history of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, which occurred during childhood, developed malignant fibrous histiocytoma of his left knee. His past history revealed that he had undergone leukemic blast cell invasion of the left knee and subsequent radiation therapy 9 years ago. The total radiation doses for the upper part of the left tibia and the lower part of the left femur were 60 Gy and 40 Gy, respectively. Neither distant metastasis nor a relapse of leukemia occurred. A curative resection of the left femur with a noninvasive margin was performed. Adjuvant chemotherapy including high-dose methotrexate was given successfully before and after surgery; this was followed by relapse-free survival for 3 years. The nature of postirradiation malignant fibrous histiocytoma is highly aggressive. When a patient complains of persistent symptoms in a previously irradiated field, the possibility of this tumor must be taken into account. The importance of early diagnosis cannot be over-emphasized. (author)

  4. Metastatic Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma Infiltrating Sigmoid Colon: A Case Diagnosed With the Help of 18F-FDG PET/CT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Wei-Jun; Shen, Chen-Tian; Song, Hong-Jun; Qiu, Zhong-Ling; Luo, Quan-Yong

    2016-04-01

    Metastatic malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) in the colon is extremely rare, although MFH is one of the most common soft tissue sarcomas in adults. We report the case of a 45-year-old woman with metastatic MFH in the sigmoid colon, descending colon, and right lung with FDG PET/CT findings. PMID:26673233

  5. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the distal femur after an arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: A case report and a review of the literature

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malignant degeneration in association with orthopaedic implants is a known but rare complication. To our knowledge, no case of osseous malignant fibrous histiocytoma after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is reported in the literature. We report a 29-year-old male Turkish patient who presented with severe pain in the operated knee joint 40 months after arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. X-ray and MR imaging showed a large destructive tumor in the medial femoral condyle. Biopsy determined a malignant fibrous histiocytoma. After neoadjuvant chemotherapy, wide tumor resection and distal femur reconstruction with a silver-coated non-cemented tumor knee joint prosthesis was performed. Adjuvant chemotherapy was continued according to the EURAMOS 1 protocol. Though secondary malignant degeneration after orthopaedic implants or prostheses is not very likely, the attending physician should take this into consideration, especially if symptoms worsen severely over a short period of time

  6. Incremental value of live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography over the two-dimensional technique in the assessment of primary cardiac malignant fibrous histiocytoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gok, Gulay; Elsayed, Mahmoud; Thind, Munveer; Uygur, Begum; Abtahi, Firoozeh; Chahwala, Jugal R; Y?ld?r?mtürk, Özlem; Kayac?o?lu, ?lyas; Pehlivano?lu, Seçkin; Nanda, Navin C

    2015-07-01

    We describe a case of primary cardiac malignant fibrous histiocytoma where live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography added incremental value to the two-dimensional modalities. Specifically, the three-dimensional technique allowed us to delineate the true extent and infiltration of the tumor, to identify characteristics of the tumor mass suggestive of its malignant nature, and to quantitatively assess the total tumor burden. PMID:26114896

  7. Oral benign fibrous histiocytoma: two case reports

    OpenAIRE

    Menditti, Dardo; Laino, Luigi; Mezzogiorno, Antonio; Sava, Sara; Bianchi, Alexander; Caruso, Giovanni; Di Maio, Luigi; Baldi, Alfonso

    2009-01-01

    Fibrous histiocytoma is a benign soft tissue tumour arising as a fibrous mass everywhere in the human body. The involvement of the oral cavity is rare. We report two cases of benign fibrous histiocytoma that localized in the oral cavity. The clinical and histological features of the lesion are reported. Finally, a literature revision of this pathology at the level of the oral cavity is reported.

  8. Calculation of probability of causation for non-specified radiogenic cancer cases. Etiologic judgement of a malignant fibrous histiocytoma developed at the elbow of a plutonium contaminated worker

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A criterion for the compensation of patients with radiogenic cancer has been formulated for five specified cancers. A method of calculation of the probability of causation (PC) of non-specified cancers was applied to a case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma developed at the elbow of a plutonium contaminated worker. According to the histologic structure of the tumour, there were three possible target cells, and their doses were evaluated with the available data of urine plutonium. Then PC was calculated with excess relative risk coefficient indirectly deduced from related animal experiment. The result showed that the obtained PC varied greatly with the supposed target cells. If the target cells were periosteum cells, the PC might exceed 50 percent, but that might not be true, and the tumour might come from fibroblasts, and then PC might be less than 1 percent

  9. A case of radiation-induced sternal malignant fibrous histiocytoma treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and surgical resection

    OpenAIRE

    Erekul Selim; Budakoglu Burcin; Erdogan Bulent; Gulbahar Gultekin; Kocer Bulent; Dural Koray; Sakinci Unal

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background Primary sternal malignant fibrous histiyocytoma (MFH) is highly rare. Effective treatment modality is surgical resection with wide margins. However, to date, the effects of radiotherapy or chemotherapy has not been clearly defined. Case presentation Herein, we aimed to present a 50-year old female patient with MFH occurred in the radiotherapy field who had had surgical procedure for breast cancer 19 years ago and had followed by radiotherapy. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy was a...

  10. Establishment of a new human pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma cell line, FU-MFH-2: molecular cytogenetic characterization by multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization and comparative genomic hybridization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isayama Teruto

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH is one of the most frequent malignant soft tissue tumors in adults. Despite the considerable amount of research on MFH cell lines, their characterization at a molecular cytogenetic level has not been extensively analyzed. Methods and results We established a new permanent human cell line, FU-MFH-2, from a metastatic pleomorphic MFH of a 72-year-old Japanese man, and applied multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization (M-FISH, Urovysion™ FISH, and comparative genomic hybridization (CGH for the characterization of chromosomal aberrations. FU-MFH-2 cells were spindle or polygonal in shape with oval nuclei, and were successfully maintained in vitro for over 80 passages. The histological features of heterotransplanted tumors in severe combined immunodeficiency mice were essentially the same as those of the original tumor. Cytogenetic and M-FISH analyses displayed a hypotriploid karyotype with numerous structural aberrations. Urovysion™ FISH revealed a homozygous deletion of the p16INK4A locus on chromosome band 9p21. CGH analysis showed a high-level amplification of 9q31-q34, gains of 1p12-p34.3, 2p21, 2q11.2-q21, 3p, 4p, 6q22-qter, 8p11.2, 8q11.2-q21.1, 9q21-qter, 11q13, 12q24, 15q21-qter, 16p13, 17, 20, and X, and losses of 1q43-qter, 4q32-qter, 5q14-q23, 7q32-qter, 8p21-pter, 8q23, 9p21-pter, 10p11.2-p13, and 10q11.2-q22. Conclusion The FU-MFH-2 cell line will be a particularly useful model for studying molecular pathogenesis of human pleomorphic MFH.

  11. Retroperitoneal angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma: A case report and review of the literature

    OpenAIRE

    XIANG, LILI; ZHOU, JIAHE; Gu, Weiying; Yang, Bin

    2013-01-01

    Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (AFH) is a rare, low-grade malignant potential soft tissue tumor which occurs most commonly in children and young adults. Only a few case reports have been described that typically occur in the extremities of the deep dermis and subcutaneous tissue, followed by the trunk, as well as the head and neck. A case report of retroperitoneal AFH is described. This presentation for patients with AFH has not yet been reported. AFH may occur in the retroperitoneum, in th...

  12. Pleomorphic malignant histiocytoma: a rare skin cancer in a patient on azathioprine for ulcerative colitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sood, Ruchi; Daw, Hamed A

    2012-01-01

    A 67-year-old female who was diagnosed with ulcerative colitis in 2001, presented with a soft tissue mass in the middle of her back of 4 months duration in April 2011. It was excised; however it recurred at the same site in September 2011. Wide excision of the mass was done. Pathology revealed T1aNxM0 pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma or undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma. Whole body bones scan and staging CT scan of the chest, abdomen and pelvis was negative for distant metastasis. She received local radiotherapy at the site of excision. No chemotherapy was given. PMID:22761209

  13. Deep benign fibrous histiocytoma in the oral cavity: a case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jo, Eun; Cho, Eunae Sandra; Kim, Hyun Sil

    2015-01-01

    Benign fibrous histiocytoma (FH) is a benign tumor composed of fibroblasts and histiocytes in varying proportions. This tumor is usually found in adult extremities but rarely occurs in deep soft tissues of the oral cavity. As it is difficult to diagnose with physical and radiologic exams, deep benign FH can only be diagnosed by histopathology. We report a case of a 36-year-old female patient who came to our department with painless swelling in the right buccal mucosa. This case report reviews the clinical, radiological, and histological aspects of this tumor. PMID:26568930

  14. Deep benign fibrous histiocytoma: computed tomography and histology findings; Histiocitoma fibroso benigno profundo: achados na tomografia computadorizada e histologia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farage, Luciano; Castro, Mario Augusto Padula; Macedo, Tulio Augusto Alves [Uberlandia Univ., MG (Brazil). Hospital das Clinicas. Setor de Radiologia; Salomao, Eliana Chaves; Machado, Tania Alcantara; Souza, Lincoln Pereira de; Freitas, Luiz de Oliveira [Uberlandia Univ., MG (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina. Dept. de Clinica Medica

    2005-04-01

    We present the computed tomography images of an 83-year-old male patient with a deep benign fibrous histiocytoma at the lateral aspect of the left leg. Computed tomography images showed a well-defined mass with marked peripheral enhancement by iodinated contrast medium. Only few reports of this rare soft tissue tumor can be found in the literature. (author)

  15. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor involving the liver

    OpenAIRE

    Manuel Jakob; Matthias Schneider; Ingo Hoeller; Urban Laffer; Reto Kaderli

    2013-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors are predominantly benign and are most commonly found in the thoracic cavity and pleura; while reports exist in the literature of malignant solitary fibrous tumors and those located in extrathoracic organs, these cases are considered extremely rare. Herein, a case is reported of a malignant solitary fibrous tumor involving the liver that was diagnosed and treated in a 62-year-old woman. The patient presented with complaints of upper abdominal pain and unintentional weig...

  16. General Information about Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... The patient may be fitted with a prosthesis (artificial limb) after amputation. Rotationplasty : Surgery to remove the tumor ... is then attached to the part of the leg that remains above the knee, with the ... as a knee. A prosthesis may then be attached to the foot. Studies ...

  17. Treatment Option Overview (Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... The patient may be fitted with a prosthesis (artificial limb) after amputation. Rotationplasty : Surgery to remove the tumor ... is then attached to the part of the leg that remains above the knee, with the ... as a knee. A prosthesis may then be attached to the foot. Studies ...

  18. Stages of Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... The patient may be fitted with a prosthesis (artificial limb) after amputation. Rotationplasty : Surgery to remove the tumor ... is then attached to the part of the leg that remains above the knee, with the ... as a knee. A prosthesis may then be attached to the foot. Studies ...

  19. Treatment Options for Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... The patient may be fitted with a prosthesis (artificial limb) after amputation. Rotationplasty : Surgery to remove the tumor ... is then attached to the part of the leg that remains above the knee, with the ... as a knee. A prosthesis may then be attached to the foot. Studies ...

  20. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor involving the liver.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakob, Manuel; Schneider, Matthias; Hoeller, Ingo; Laffer, Urban; Kaderli, Reto

    2013-06-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors are predominantly benign and are most commonly found in the thoracic cavity and pleura; while reports exist in the literature of malignant solitary fibrous tumors and those located in extrathoracic organs, these cases are considered extremely rare. Herein, a case is reported of a malignant solitary fibrous tumor involving the liver that was diagnosed and treated in a 62-year-old woman. The patient presented with complaints of upper abdominal pain and unintentional weight loss. Computed tomography scan of the abdomen revealed a remarkably large mass, measuring 15 cm × 10 cm × 20 cm, which appeared to be unrelated to any particular organ. The intraoperative finding of a wide communication with the left liver suggested hepatic origin, and served as an indicator for tumor resection via left hemihepatectomy. The diagnosis of solitary fibrous tumor and its malignant nature was confirmed by histological and immunohistochemical examination of the resected tissues. Hepatic solitary fibrous tumor is very rare, and surgery remains the mainstay of treatment. Due to limited reports of such tumors in the literature, little can be said about the benefit of adjuvant therapy and prognosis for the rare cases with malignant histological findings. PMID:23745040

  1. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor involving the liver

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Jakob

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Solitary fibrous tumors are predominantly benign and are most commonly found in the thoracic cavity and pleura; while reports exist in the literature of malignant solitary fibrous tumors and those located in extrathoracic organs, these cases are considered extremely rare. Herein, a case is reported of a malignant solitary fibrous tumor involving the liver that was diagnosed and treated in a 62-year-old woman. The patient presented with complaints of upper abdominal pain and unintentional weight loss. Computed tomography scan of the abdomen revealed a remarkably large mass, measuring 15 cm × 10 cm × 20 cm, which appeared to be unrelated to any particular organ. The intraoperative finding of a wide communication with the left liver suggested hepatic origin, and served as an indicator for tumor resection via left hemihepatectomy. The diagnosis of solitary fibrous tumor and its malignant nature was confirmed by histological and immunohistochemical examination of the resected tissues. Hepatic solitary fibrous tumor is very rare, and surgery remains the mainstay of treatment. Due to limited reports of such tumors in the literature, little can be said about the benefit of adjuvant therapy and prognosis for the rare cases with malignant histological findings.

  2. Fibrohistiocitoma conjuntival simulando pterígio atípico na região amazônica: relato de caso / Conjunctival fibrous histiocytoma simulating atipical pterygium in the Amazon region: case report

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Roberto Murillo Limongi de Souza, Carvalho; Alexandre, Taleb; Giulianna Limongi de Souza, Carvalho; Marcos, Ávila.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Relatamos um caso inédito na literatura brasileira de fibrohistiocitoma conjuntival descoberto durante projeto comunitário de larga escala realizado pela equipe do Centro de Referência em Oftalmologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Goiás na região amazônica. Paciente do sexo fem [...] inino, leucoderma, de 38 anos de idade, apresentava lesão vascularizada no olho direito no canto medial da conjuntiva bulbar e carúncula com extensão para o limbo e invadindo cerca de 2 mm da córnea medial com configuração semelhante a um pterígio. O exame histopatológico revelou lesão constituída por células fusiformes, com arranjo estoriforme e células histiocitárias gigantes. A imunohistoquímica revelou forte positividade para vimentina e as células neoplásicas foram negativas para AE1/ AE3, HMB 45, proteína S 100. O diagnóstico histopatológico foi de fibrohistiocitoma. A evolução poderá demonstrar o crescimento tumoral e a possibilidade de lesão maligna. Abstract in english An inedited case in the Brazilian literature of conjunctival fibrous histiocytoma discovered during a wide scale community project accomplished by the team of the Center of Reference in Ophthalmology of the Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Goiás in the Amazon region is reported. A 38 [...] year-old caucasian woman presented with a vascularized lesion on the medial portion of the bulbar conjunctiva and caruncular region of the right eye with extension for the limbus and invading about 2 mm of the medial cornea resembling a pterygium. Pathologic findings revealed that the lesion was constituted by spindle-shaped cells, with storiform arrangement, and large histocytelike cells. The immunohistochemistry revealed strong positivity for vimentin and the neoplastic cells were negative for AE1/AE3, HMB 45, S 100 protein. The histopathologic diagnosis was fibrous histiocytoma. The evolution demonstrated the tumoral growth and the possibility of a malignant lesion.

  3. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor in anterior mediastinum with pleural metastasis simulating invasive thymoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malignant solitary fibrous tumor, which arises in the anterior mediastinum, is rare. Its image findings simulate other mediastinal mass, such as malignant lymphoma, malignant thymic epithelial tumor or invasive thymoma. Here, we report a pleural malignant fibrous tumor of a 60 year old man who is presented with a well defined lobulating anterior mediastinal mass with pleural metastasis mimicking invasive thymoma with pleural seeding

  4. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma presenting with complete opacification of the hemithorax: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Salem

    2014-01-01

    CONCLUSION: Progressive dyspnea in young otherwise healthy patients should be investigated early on. In our case the presence of right shoulder pain indicates advance disease illustrated by the singular imaging findings.

  5. Myxoid Type of Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Maxillary Sinus: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Hossein Jafarian

    2011-04-01

    Amplified radical surgery is the first choice of treatment. The second surgery has special value to the recurrent patients. Radiotherapy alone or chemotherapy alone is not effective to MFH of head and neck region

  6. Unusual malignant solid neoplasms of the kidney: Cross-sectional imaging findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karaosmanoglu, Ali Devrim; Hahn, Peter F. [Dept. of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston (United States); Shirkhoda, Ali [Dept. of Radiology, University of California School of Medicine, Irvine (United States); Onur, Mehmet Ruhi; Ozmen, Mustafa [Dept. of Radiology, University of Hacettepe School of Medicine, Ankara (Turkmenistan)

    2015-08-15

    Malignant kidney neoplasms are the most frequently encountered solid kidney masses. Although renal cell carcinoma is the major renal malignancy, other solid malignant renal masses should be considered in the differential diagnosis of solid renal masses that do not contain a macroscopic fatty component. In this pictorial essay, we present the imaging findings of a primitive neuroectodermal tumor, primary liposarcoma of the kidney, primary neuroendocrine tumor, leiomyosarcoma, synovial sarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, sclerosing fibrosarcoma and renal metastasis of osteosarcoma.

  7. Unusual malignant solid neoplasms of the kidney: Cross-sectional imaging findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malignant kidney neoplasms are the most frequently encountered solid kidney masses. Although renal cell carcinoma is the major renal malignancy, other solid malignant renal masses should be considered in the differential diagnosis of solid renal masses that do not contain a macroscopic fatty component. In this pictorial essay, we present the imaging findings of a primitive neuroectodermal tumor, primary liposarcoma of the kidney, primary neuroendocrine tumor, leiomyosarcoma, synovial sarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, sclerosing fibrosarcoma and renal metastasis of osteosarcoma

  8. Unusual Malignant Solid Neoplasms of the Kidney: Cross-Sectional Imaging Findings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karaosmano?lu, Ali Devrim; Shirkhoda, Ali; Ozmen, Mustafa; Hahn, Peter F.

    2015-01-01

    Malignant kidney neoplasms are the most frequently encountered solid kidney masses. Although renal cell carcinoma is the major renal malignancy, other solid malignant renal masses should be considered in the differential diagnosis of solid renal masses that do not contain a macroscopic fatty component. In this pictorial essay, we present the imaging findings of a primitive neuroectodermal tumor, primary liposarcoma of the kidney, primary neuroendocrine tumor, leiomyosarcoma, synovial sarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, sclerosing fibrosarcoma and renal metastasis of osteosarcoma. PMID:26175585

  9. Malignant mesenchymatous tumor of the abdominal cavity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.S. Atmatzidis, T.E. Pavlidis, I.N. Galanis, B.T. Papaziogas, T.B. Papaziogas

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available SUMMARY Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH represents a soft tissue sarcoma originating from fibroblast cells, and is characterized by a high rate of metastasis or recurrence. The development of this tumor in the gastrointestinal tract is a very rare entity. No more than 30 cases are described in the litrature. We report on a case of such tumor of the abdominal cavity in a 45 year-old woman, presented with epigastric pain, anorexia and weight loss. The CT-scanning revealed the presence of multiple solid tumors in the peritoneal cavity. On the exploratory laparotomy at least 15 solid whitish tumors were found, attached to the wall of the small intestine, as well as to the parietal peritoneum. In addition, there were three metastases revealed in the liver. All tumors were excised; most of them were about 10 cm in diameter. The histopathologic study indicated the presence of a stromal tumor consisting of spindle cells. The consequent immuno- histo-chemical examination of the resected specimens established the definite diagnosis of a pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma. The postoperative course of the patient was uneventful. She received adjuvant chemotherapy and is still alive and in good health two years later. Key words: malignant fibrous histiocytoma, soft tissue tumors, stromal tumors, sarcomas, storiform-pleomorphic lesions.

  10. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the thigh in a young female: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajeev Sen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT is a mesenchymal origin tumor mainly confined to pleura and peritoneum. The extrapulmonary location is rare in incidence up to the level that fewer than 40 cases are described in literature in soft parts of extremities most of which are benign in nature with a mean age of presentation 52 years. The extrapulmonary SFT with malignant features at young age is an extremely rare mesenchymal neoplasm. A 20 years old female presented with a mass in the left thigh. The positron emission tomography scan performed, showed a hypermetabolic lesion at medial side of the left thigh. Subsequently, en bloc excision of mass was done along with adductor longus and brevis. Based on the histomorphology and immunohistochemical markers, diagnosis of malignant SFT was made. We report this case because of its rarity and to add on to literature and list of differential diagnosis of soft tissue tumors in the extremities.

  11. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the thyroid: a case-report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wellington Alves Filho

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT is an uncommon spindle-cell neoplasm that most often involves the pleura, rarely occurring in extra-thoracic locations. Twenty-six cases of SFT arising in the thyroid gland have been described. We report a case of a 60-year-old woman presenting an 8-month history of enlargement of the neck associated with dysphagia. The patient underwent a right hemithyroidectomy and SFT of the thyroid was diagnosed. Immunohistochemistry showed positivity for CD34 marker, and the high number of mitoses and the presence of cellular atypia suggested that the tumor was malignant. To our knowledge, this is the second case of malignant SFT of the thyroid gland ever reported. Due to the rarity of these tumors, the indication of adjuvant therapy and prognosis are uncertain. Long-term follow-up after surgical resection seems to be advisable.

  12. Tumor fibroso solitário maligno de extremidades Malignant solitary fibrous tumour of the extremities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Chang

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Tumor fibroso solitário extrapleural (TFS é neoplasia mesenquimal rara, sendo que há menos de 40 casos descritos com localização em extremidades até o presente momento. Acomete preferencialmente pacientes na quinta década e não tem predileção por sexo. Relatamos um caso com os aspectos clínicos, radiológicos, histológicos e imunoistoquímicos característicos, discutindo a importância do diagnóstico diferencial com outros sarcomas.Pouco é conhecido sobre o comportamento biológico do TFS. Fatores de risco para menor sobrevida livre de metástases incluem: margens cirúrgicas comprometidas, tamanho maior que 10 cm e histologia maligna. Excisão completa é o tratamento recomendado.Extrapleural solitary fibrous tumour (SFT is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm, with less than 40 cases reported affecting the extremities so far. This tumour affects preferentially middle-aged patients (median: 50 years and shows no predilection for sex. We report a case with typical clinical, radiologic, histopathologic and immunohistochemical features, discussing the importance of differential diagnosis of other sarcomas. Little is known about the biological behavior of SFT. Risk factors for shorter metastasis-free survival include impaired surgical margins, tumor size greater than 10 cm and malignant histology. Complete excision is the recommended treatment.

  13. CT findings in malignant pleural mesothelioma related to nonoccupational exposure to asbestos and fibrous zeolite (erionite)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Endemic malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) in Turkey is related to two mineral fibers, tremolite asbestos and fibrous zeolite (erionite). Thirteen cases of MPM from the Cappadocian area, where the soil is rich in erionite, and 29 cases of MPM, from villages whose occupants have high asbestos exposure, were examined by CT. The CT findings of the two groups of MPM were compared with respect to the configuration of the pleural lesions, stage of disease, fissural involvement, pleural effusion, presence of calcified pleural plaques, and chronic fibrosing pleuritis. In erionite-related MPM the pleural lesions were flat and smooth in 69.1%; in asbestos-related MPM the lesions were nodular in 55.1%. Stage IV disease, calcified pleural plaques, and chronic fibrosing pleuritis were more common in the erionite-related MPM. The rest of the findings were similar in both groups. The early radiological diagnosis of erionite-related MPM may be even more difficult because of the similarity of the pleural lesions to chronic fibrosing pleuritis

  14. Renal malignant solitary fibrous tumor with single lymph node involvement: report of unusual metastasis and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mearini E

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Ettore Mearini,1 Giovanni Cochetti,1 Francesco Barillaro,1 Sonia Fatigoni,2 Fausto Roila2 1Department of Medical-Surgical Specialties and Public Health, Division of Urological Andrological Surgery and Minimally Invasive Techniques, University of Perugia, Terni, Italy; 2Medical Oncology, S Maria Hospital, Terni, Italy Abstract: Solitary fibrous tumors are rare mesenchymal spindle cell neoplasms that are usually found in the pleura. The kidneys are an uncommon site and only few cases of renal solitary fibrous tumor exhibit malignant behavior metastasizing to the liver, lung, and bone through the hematogenous pathway. Purpose: To describe the first case of lymph node metastasis from renal solitary fibrous tumor in order to increase the knowledge about the malignant behavior of these tumors. Patients and methods: A 19-year-old female patient had intermittent hematuria for several months without flank pain or other symptoms. A chest and abdomen CT scan was performed and showed a multi-lobed bulky solid mass of 170 × 98 × 120 mm in the left kidney. One day before the surgery, the left renal artery was catheterized and the kidney embolization was performed using a Haemostatic Absorbable Gelatin Sponge and polyvinyl alcohol. We then performed a radical nephrectomy with hilar, para-aortic, and inter-aortocaval lymphadenectomy. Results: Estimated intraoperative blood loss was 200 mL and the operative time was 100 minutes. No postoperative complications occurred. The hospital stay was 7 days long. The histological examination was malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney. Cancerous tissue showed cellular atypia, with an increased mitotic index (up to 7 × 10 hpf. Immunohistochemical analysis showed positive results for CD34, BCL2, partial expression of HBME1, and occasionally of synaptophysin. Histological evaluation confirmed the presence of metastasis in one hilar node. The patient did not receive any other therapy. At 30-month follow-up, the patient was in good health and no local recurrence or metastases had occurred. Conclusion: This is the first case of lymph node metastasis from a renal solitary fibrous tumor showing unusual malignant behavior; this finding adds new information about the biology and progression of these tumors, which remain unclear. Keywords: solitary fibrous tumor, sarcoma, kidney, lymph node metastases, lymphadenectomy

  15. CT in malignant primary soft tissue tumours

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of CT examinations in 36 patients suffering from histologically confirmed malignant primary tumours of the soft tissues are presented (6 rhabdomyosarcomas, 4 leiomyosarcomas, 6 liposarcomas, 4 malignant schwannomas, 5 malignant fibrous histiocytomas, 4 malignant haemangiopericytomas, 3 angiosarcomas, 1 fibrosarcoma, 1 renal sarcoma, 2 malignant mesenchymal tumours without histologically clear classification). The CT image alone will not yield information on the type of tumour or on the tumour status. However, CT continues to rank in the diagnosis of tumours of the soft tissues and is even superior to MR especially in the identification of gas accumulations due to infection in a tumour of the soft tissues that is otherwise unclear. Comparing the literature conclude that MR is now the imaging method of choice in the diagnosis of soft tissue tumours. (orig.)

  16. Proliferative activity (MIB-1 index) is an independent prognostic parameter in patients with high-grade soft tissue sarcomas of subtypes other than malignant fibrous histiocytomas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, V; Sørensen, Flemming Brandt; Bentzen, S M; Ladekarl, M; Nielsen, O S; Keller, J; Jensen, O M

    1998-01-01

    AIMS: To evaluate the prognostic value of tumour proliferative activity, p53 accumulation and bcl-2 expression in a retrospective series of 216 patients with soft tissue sarcomas (STS). METHODS AND RESULTS: The immunohistochemical analyses were performed on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue. The proliferative activity was assessed by use of the monoclonal antibody MIB-1 and evaluated in multiple, random systematic sampled fields of vision. The percentage of proliferating cells (the MIB-1 ...

  17. Doege-Potter syndrome presenting with hypoinsulinemic hypoglycemia in a patient with a malignant extrapleural solitary fibrous tumor: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Schutt Robert C; Gordon Trish A; Bhabhra Ruchi; Cathro Helen P; Cook Stephen L; McCartney Christopher R; Weiss Geoffrey R

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Introduction Doege-Potter syndrome is a paraneoplastic syndrome characterized by non-islet cell tumor hypoglycemia secondary to a solitary fibrous tumor. This tumor causes hypoglycemia by the secretion of a prohormone form of insulin-like growth factor II. We describe the diagnosis and management of Doege-Potter syndrome and the use of transarterial chemoembolization in a patient with a malignant extrapleural solitary fibrous tumor. Case presentation Our patient was a 64-year-old Cau...

  18. Thermochemoradiotherapy for head and neck advanced malignant tumors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ten patients with advanced malignant tumor of head and neck were treated by combined treatment with chemoradiotherapy and hyperthermia. Histopathologically, squamous cell carcinoma was diagnosed in 7 patients, adenocarcinoma in 1, osteosarcoma in 1, and malignant fibrous histiocytoma in 1. The heating device was RF capacitive heating of external heating and magnetic induction hyperthermia of interstitial heating. Chemotherapy of high-dose MTX was used for osteosarcoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma, and low-dose cisplatin was used for squamous cell carcinoma. Four patients with advanced malignant tumor of the primary lesion underwent thermochemoradiotherapy. Six patients with metastatic lymph nodes of N3 underwent preoperative thermochemoradiotherapy. As a result for primary lesion, CRh was observed in 1 patient, PRh in 2, and NCh in 1. And as results of clinical response and pathological response for metastatic lymph nodes of N3, PRh was observed in all 6 patients, and Gr. III in 1, Gr. II b in 3, Gr. II a in 2. The four-year cumulative survival rate of patients with metastatic lymph nodes on N3 was 50.0%. Combined preoperative chemoradiotherapy and hyperthermia was an effective therapeutic method for treating patients with metastatic lymph nodes of N3. (author)

  19. De novo malignant transformation of giant cell tumor of bone

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two cases of malignant lesions are reported, both of which arose secondary to an originally benign giant cell tumor (GCT) of bone. The first case was a typical benign GCT, which occurred in the left proximal tibia of a 31-year-old woman. The tumor was treated by curettage and bone grafting. However, it recurred twice during 15 years of follow-up. The second recurrence showed that the lesion histologically had turned into malignant fibrous histiocytoma. The second case also started as an initially benign GCT that arose in the left distal femur of a 41-year-old man. The patient underwent curettage and bone grafting. The lesion recurred 13 years postoperatively. The histological appearance of the recurrent tumor showed it to be an osteogenic sarcoma. In both patients, radiation had never been given. Malignant transformation has rarely been reported in patients with GCT of bone who have not received radiation treatment. (orig.)

  20. Doege-Potter syndrome presenting with hypoinsulinemic hypoglycemia in a patient with a malignant extrapleural solitary fibrous tumor: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schutt Robert C

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Doege-Potter syndrome is a paraneoplastic syndrome characterized by non-islet cell tumor hypoglycemia secondary to a solitary fibrous tumor. This tumor causes hypoglycemia by the secretion of a prohormone form of insulin-like growth factor II. We describe the diagnosis and management of Doege-Potter syndrome and the use of transarterial chemoembolization in a patient with a malignant extrapleural solitary fibrous tumor. Case presentation Our patient was a 64-year-old Caucasian woman who initially presented with urinary incontinence and was found to have a 14.5×9.0×9.0cm retroperitoneal solitary fibrous tumor compressing her bladder. Her tumor was surgically resected but recurred with multiple hepatic metastatic lesions. The hepatic metastases progressed despite systemic chemotherapy and treatment with doxorubicin transarterial chemoembolization. Her course was complicated by the development of recurrent fasting hypoglycemia, most likely secondary to Doege-Potter syndrome. Her hypoglycemia was managed with corticosteroid therapy and frequent scheduled nutrient intake overnight. Conclusions The rarity of hepatic solitary fibrous tumors and consequent lack of controlled trials make this report significant in that it describes the diagnostic approach to Doege-Potter syndrome, describes our experience with the use of doxorubicin transarterial chemoembolization, and presents management options for tumor-associated hypoglycemia in the case of extensive disease not amenable to surgical resection.

  1. Ionizing radiation induced malignancies in man

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using data on gene and chromosome alterations in human cancers, it is proposed that most radiation induced cancers are a consequence of recessive mutations of tumor suppressor genes. This explains the long delay between radiation exposure and the cancer onset. As a consequence, radiation induced cancers belong to groups of tumors where no specific translocations (forming or activating oncogenes) but multiple unbalanced chromosome rearrangements (deletions unmasking recessive mutations) exist. This explains why osteosarcomas, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, chondrosarcomas are frequently induced, but not liposarcoma, Ewing sarcomas and rhabdomyosarcomas, among others. A single exception confirms this rule: papillary thyroid cancer, frequently induced in exposed children, in which structural rearrangements frequently form a RET/PTC3 fusion gene. This fusion gene is the results of the inversion of a short segment of chromosome 10, and it is assumed that such rearrangement (small para-centric inversion) can easily occur after exposure to radiations, at contrast with translocations between to genes belonging to different chromosomes. (author)

  2. [Morphology and molecular biology of malignant soft tissue sarcomas].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katenkamp, D

    1998-08-19

    Malignant soft tissue tumors are classified and named according to cellular differentiation and thus the non-neoplastic soft tissue they imitate. The topical WHO classification already comprises more than 140 entities and tumor subtypes, but the process of defining new tumor variants will go on. Questions of nomenclature are discussed briefly with laying special emphasis on the non-undisputed concept of malignant fibrous histiocytomas. Without doubt, this diagnosis is made too frequently by which it has become to a collective name for unclassifiable pleomorphic sarcomas. For the time being nobody is able to say whether or not the malignant fibrous histiocytoma will remain an entity. Likely, fibrosarcomas and hemangiopericytomas are defined as exclusion diagnosis, as well. The diagnosis of malignant soft tissue tumors is based on recognizing the cellular line of differentiation. This is frequently possible at light microscopic level, sometimes additional diagnostic methods are required. The most important adjunct method is immunohistochemistry. Because aberrant differentiations and unexpected immunohistochemical reactions are known the use of a panel of antibodies is necessary. In the last years soft tissue tumors has increasingly been characterized by molecular biological methods. The results are of significance for understanding sarcoma pathogenesis and may be used for diagnosis, as well. Chromosome translocations are explained and rhabdomyosarcomas are taken as example for demonstrating the diagnostic significance of molecular biological/cytogenetic findings. Molecular biology may also aid in defining the histopathologic features of an entity as shown for intraabdominal desmoplastic small cell tumors. Eventually, heterogeneity in soft tissue sarcomas is addressed and discussed in view of its importance for diagnosis, classification and therapy as well as for development of sarcoma progression. PMID:9757787

  3. Accumulation of leucocytes labelled with technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime in malignant abdominal tumours

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lantto, E. (Paeijaet-Haeme Central Hospital, Lahti (Finland). Dept. of Radiology); Jaervi, K. (Paeijaet-Haeme Central Hospital, Lahti (Finland). Dept. of Pathology); Lantoo, T.; Vorne, M. (Paeijaet-Haeme Central Hospital, Lahti (Finland). Dept. of Nuclear Medicine); Ristkari, S. (Paeijaet-Haeme Central Hospital, Lahti (Finland). Dept. of Surgery)

    1991-10-01

    A total of 343 leucocyte scans labelled with technetium-99m hexamethylprophylene amine oxime were reviewed that had been performed patients suspected of having abdominal infection or inflammation. There was uptake by malignant abdominal tumours in 10 cases (2,9%), which represents 62.5% of known malignancies at the time of the scintigram. Accumulation was seen in 8 patients with adenocarcinoma of the colon associated with a secondary infection in the tumour or pericolic inflammation. A large tumour that had spread beyond the bowel wall was related to a positive scintigram. Accumulation was also found twice in a malignant fibrous histiocytoma in which bleeding and an inflammatory reaction to necrosis were probably responsible for the uptake. The relevant treatment was delayed for 2 weeks-2 months in 4 patients with adenocarcinoma of the colon in whom the positive uptake was regarded as confirmation of the clinically suspected cute diverticulitis. (orig.).

  4. [Diabetic fibrous mastopathy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kribi, L; Chelli, M; Sellami, D; Ellouze, T; Tenzekhti, F; Mnif, N; Hamza, R

    1999-11-01

    Diabetic fibrous mastopathy was first described in 1984. This mastopathy usually occurs in patients with autoimmune disorders and often occurs in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes. Little is known about this benign condition. Clinically and radiologically, this entity may simulate malignancy. The presence of an underlying auto-immune disorder or diabetes may suggest the correct diagnosis. The authors report two cases of fibrous mastopathy and suggest that core biopsy could replace surgical biopsy for diagnosis. PMID:10592917

  5. Neurofibromatosis type 1 and malignancy in childhood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varan, A; ?en, H; Ayd?n, B; Yalç?n, B; Kutluk, T; Akyüz, C

    2016-03-01

    Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal dominant hereditary neurocutaneous syndrome characterized by multi-system involvement and an increased incidence of both benign and malignant tumors. In this study, we evaluated the clinical presentation and prognosis of NF1 and malignancy. Between 1975 and 2013, 26 (5%) of the 473 patients with NF1 at our center developed non-neurofibroma neoplasms. The patient files of 26 subjects with tumors, other than optic glioma, were analyzed retrospectively to evaluate clinical features and treatment results. The age at diagnosis of NF1 ranged from 3 months to 16 years (median 5.5 years). The age range at tumor diagnosis was 1.5-33 years (median 8 years) in these 26 patients. The tumor histological subtypes included the following: 12 soft-tissue tumors (6 malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST), 5 rhabdomyosarcomas (RMS) and 1 malignant fibrous histiocytoma), 11 brain tumors (6 low-grade gliomas, 3 high-grade gliomas, and 2 medulloblastoma), 2 neuroblastomas and 1 non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Twelve of 26 patients were alive at the time of the study. Although benign brain tumors with NF1 are more common, high-grade brain tumors also occur. Thus, careful and regular follow-up is crucial for early detection of malignancy in NF1 patients. PMID:26073032

  6. Subungual Acral Fibromyxoma Involving the Bone: A Mimicker of Malignancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carranza, Carmen; Molina-Ruiz, Ana María; Pérez de la Fuente, Teresa; Kutzner, Heinz; Requena, Luis; Santonja, Carlos

    2015-07-01

    Superficial acral fibromyxoma (SAF) is a recently recognized myxoid tumor that usually occurs on the fingers and toes of middle-aged adults. We report the case of a 53-year-old man with a SAF on the first left toe that had been slowly growing for 2 years. Hispathologically, the lesion was nonencapsulated and was composed of stellate and spindle cells, arranged in a myxoid matrix. No atypia or mitotic figures were found. Neoplastic cells showed positive staining for CD34 and negative staining for epithelial membrane antigen, actin, desmin, keratins, S-100 protein, and HMB45. Main differential diagnoses of SAF include benign and malignant myxoid and spindle cells tumors, such as myxoid fibrous histiocytoma, superficial angiomyxoma, myxoid neurofibroma, myxoid dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, and low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma. PMID:25062265

  7. Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Sumiti; Verma, Renuka; Sen, Rajeev; Singh, Ishwar; Marwah, Nisha; Kohli, Rachneet

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle-cell neoplasm originating from the mesenchyme. It was originally thought to occur exclusively in the intrathoracic region but has been recently described in extrapleural sites including the orbit. SFT of the orbit is a rare lesion, which can be misdiagnosed as hemangiopericytoma, fibrous histiocytoma, meningioma, or neurofibroma. Immunohistochemistry plays an important role. We report an orbital SFT in a 39-year-old female presented with painless, progressive proptosis, and diminished vision in the right eye for the duration of 6 months. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated well-defined enhancing mass lesion. The patient underwent complete tumor removal through a right fronto-orbital approach, and a pathological diagnosis of the solitary fibrous tumor was made. Postoperatively, the patient was symptom-free. Clinical and pathological findings including immunohistochemistry are presented along with a brief discussion of literature. PMID:26889300

  8. Special diagnostic problems in primary malignant bone tumors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The diagnosis of primary malignant bone tumors, which only account for 1% of malignancies in humans, represents quite a challange for the pathologist. Apart from the often overlapping morphology between different entities, heterogeneity within one and the same tumor has to be kept in mind. Furthermore, in most cases the diagnosis must be established based on small biopsy specimens and occasionally even on frozen sections. In this context detailed clinical information including the patient's age and exact localization of the tumor, as depicted by X-ray or MRI, are essential requirements for a correct diagnosis. In addition, multiple biopsies from different tumor sites may be of help. For example, 25% of osteogenic sarcomas (OSA) are chondroplastic. Others may contain areas similar to fibrosarcoma (FSA) or malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH). Since 90% of OSA occur in the second decade of life whereas chondrosarcomas, FSA and MFH usually manifest after the age of 40 years, a biopsy solely composed of malignant chondromatous tissue obtained from a tibial lesion of a 10-year-old child should most likely be considered as part of an OSA. In the differential diagnosis of the so-called small, round cell tumors, which include Ewing sarcoma, malignant lymphoma and small-cell OSA, immunohistochemical staining of the paraffin-embedded material and a molecular biological/genetic work-up of frozen material are most helpful. In this paper the histomorphological characteristics and criteria for differential diagnosis of the most common primary malignant bone tumors are discussed. (orig.)

  9. CT findings of uncommon malignant tumors of the liver

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To improve the diagnostic level of uncommon hepatic malignancy in 5 cases with different histopathological nature by analyzing their CT features. Methods: CT scan was performed in 5 cases with pathologically proved uncommon malignancy of the liver including hepatic sarcoma (n=3) and primary carcinoid tumor (n=2). Results: These uncommon malignancies of the liver had a variety of presentations. Undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma presented as a single huge cyst mixing with solid mass. Hepatic angiosarcoma demonstrated as multiple well-defined hypoattenuation lesions without cirrhosis. Necrosis, cystic degeneration, and hemorrhage may be accompanied. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma displayed as a single large hypoattenuation lesion within hyperdense septations, and most of the tumor was in the right lobe. Immunohistochemistry had the diagnostic value. The CT features of carcinoid tumor were single or multiple, unilocular or multilocular mixed-dense masses. The solid portion of the masses enhanced obviously and carcinoid syndrome may highly suggest the diagnosis. Conclusion: The forementioned 5 cases of hepatic malignancy are seldom seen clinically. Each of them with different pathologic nature has different CT findings, and sometimes with some similar signs. Typical CT findings, coupled with clinical information may lead to a correct diagnosis

  10. Fibrous dysplasia of bone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapurlat, R D; Meunier, P J

    2000-06-01

    Fibrous dysplasia of bone is a disease that can involve one or several bones and is characterized by bone deformities, pain and iterative fractures. Some patients can present with endocrine dysfunction (generally precocious puberty) and cutaneous café-au-lait spots. Some complications, such as nerve compression and malignant transformation, are uncommon. Many patients can, however, be asymptomatic. Diagnosis relies on X-ray examination and pathology. Prognosis is assessed by X-rays and markers of bone remodelling. Several breakthroughs in the understanding of the pathophysiology have been made in the past 10 years. It is now recognized that fibrous dysplasia is caused by a somatic activating mutation of the Gs alpha subunit of protein G, resulting in an increased cAMP concentration and thus in abnormalities of osteoblast differentiation, these osteoblasts producing abnormal bone. There is also an increase in interleukin-6-induced osteoclastic bone resorption, which is the rationale for treating these patients with bisphosphonates. In the past 10 years, the bisphosphonate pamidronate has been used by infusion for fibrous dysplasia (two courses per year), with good results with respect to pain and, in about 50% of patients, the refilling of osteolytic lesions. PMID:10925751

  11. FDG-PET for preoperative differential diagnosis between benign and malignant soft tissue masses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aoki, J.; Koyama, Y.; Sato, N. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Gunma University School of Medicine, 3-39-22 Showa-machi, 371-8511, Maebashi (Japan); Watanabe, H.; Shinozaki, T.; Takagishi, K. [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gunma University School of Medicine, 3-39-22 Showa-machi, 371-8511, Maebashi (Japan); Tokunaga, M. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Gunma University School of Medicine, 3-39-22 Showa-machi, 371-8511, Maebashi (Japan); Department of Radiology, Ohta General Hospital (Japan); Endo, K. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Gunma University School of Medicine, 3-39-22 Showa-machi, 371-8511, Maebashi (Japan); Department of Nuclear Medicine, Gunma University School of Medicine, 3-39-22 Showa-machi, 371-8511, Maebashi (Japan)

    2003-03-01

    To evaluate the standardized uptake value (SUV) of [{sup 18}F]2-deoxy-2-fluoro-d-glucose at positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) for preoperative differential diagnosis between benign and malignant soft tissue masses.Design One hundred and fourteen soft tissue masses (80 benign, 34 malignant) were examined by FDG-PET prior to tissue diagnosis. The SUVs were calculated and compared between benign and malignant lesions and among different histologic subgroups which included three or more cases. There was a statistically significant difference in SUV between benign (1.80{+-}1.42 [SD]) and malignant (4.20{+-}3.16) soft tissue masses in total (P<0.0001). However, a considerable overlap in SUV was observed between many benign and malignant lesions. Liposarcomas (2.16{+-}1.72) and synovial sarcomas (1.60{+-}0.43) did not show significantly higher SUV than any benign lesions. Metastases (4.23{+-}2.35) showed no statistically significant difference in SUV as compared with schwannomas (1.75{+-}0.84), desmoids (2.77{+-}1.32), sarcoidosis (3.62{+-}1.53), or giant cell tumors of tendon sheath (GCT of TS; 5.06{+-}1.63). Even malignant fibrous histiocytomas (5.37{+-}1.40) could not be differentiated from sarcoidosis or GCT of TS, based on the SUV. A large accumulation of FDG can be observed in both benign and malignant histiocytic, fibroblastic, or neurogenic lesions. SUV at conventional FDG-PET is limited to differentiating benign from malignant soft tissue masses, when all kinds of histologic subtypes are included. (orig.)

  12. Prevalence of Malignant Soft Tissue Tumors inExtremities: An Epidemiological Study in Syria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Habib Reshadi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background:   Although the majority of soft tissue masses are benign, it is important to consider malignancy in differential diagnoses. Because most soft tissue sarcomas present as a painless mass, clinicians must watch for signs suggestive of malignancy, including large size, rapid growth, and site deep into the deep fascia.The purpose of this study was to determine the relative prevalence according to sex and age, site of tumor, skeletal distribution, and treatment (surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy before and after surgery, and ascertain the relative frequency of these tumors in specific anatomic sites and age groups based on pathological studies. Methods: A total of 308 patients, with a musculoskeletal tumor were evaluated retrospectively. All of the patients enrolled into this study were referred to the Beirouni Hospital of Damascus University with a proven diagnosis of alignant soft tissue tumors from the beginning of January 2008 until the end of 2010. The prevalence of the malignant soft tissue tumors in these patients was analyzed. For purposes of analysis, all lesions were placed in 1 of 9 categories: hand and wrist, forearm, humorous (arm, proximal limb girdle (axilla and shoulder, foot and ankle, thigh, hip and buttocks region, trunk, and other lesions. Age and sex also were recorded. Results: Malignant tumors consisted of seven diagnostic categories: malignant fibrous histiocytoma (23%, liposarcoma (22%, rhabdomyosarcoma (9%, leiomyosarcoma (8%, malignant schwannoma (5%, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (5%, synovial sarcoma (10%, fibrosarcoma (13%, extraskeletal chondrosarcoma (1%, and extraskeletal Ewing sarcoma (4%. Conclusions: Despite the multitude of pathologic possibilities, most malignant soft-tissue tumors are classified into a small number of diagnoses. These may be further defined when the site of the lesion and the age of the patient are considered. Knowledge of tumor prevalence will assist radiologists in establishing a suitably ordered differential diagnosis when a soft-tissue tumor has a nonspecific radiologic appearance.    

  13. A case of congenital solitary Langerhans cell histiocytoma.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ricciardo, Bernadette

    2012-02-01

    A newborn baby boy was referred to the Paediatric Dermatology Unit with a solitary asymptomatic nodule overlying his right nasolabial fold. Complete physical examination, full blood count, serum chemistry, liver function tests and baseline imaging were unremarkable. Histopathological examination showed an atypical dermal infiltrate of mononuclear cells that stained positive with CD1a and S100. A diagnosis of congenital solitary Langerhans cell histiocytoma was made. The lesion completely resolved by 4 months of age. The baby is now 15 months old and repeat systemic evaluation has remained normal.

  14. Fibrous dysplasia of bone: a clinicopathologic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohan H

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Harsh Mohan1, Preeti Mittal1, Irneet Mundi1, Sudhir Kumar21Department of Pathology, 2Department of Orthopedics, Government Medical College, Sector 32, Chandigarh, IndiaAbstract: Fibrous dysplasia of the bones is an uncommon congenital skeletal disorder that is found equally in both genders and is not inherited. Its etiology has been linked to an activating mutation of Gs? and the downstream effects of the resultant increase in cAMP. Fibrous dysplasia is categorized as either monostotic or polyostotic, and may occur as a component of McCune-Albright syndrome or the rare Mazabraud syndrome. Long bones, skull bones, and ribs are the most commonly affected bones. The radiological picture is somewhat variable, including a ground-glass appearance, expansion of the bone, and sclerosis surrounding the lesion. Histologically, fibrous dysplasia shows irregularly-shaped trabeculae of immature, woven bone in a background of variably cellular, loosely arranged fibrous stroma. It may be complicated by pathologic fracture, and rarely by malignant transformation. This review examines interesting issues surrounding the etiology of fibrous dysplasia, its clinical and laboratory manifestations, radiological picture, utility of bone biopsy, gross and microscopic pathology, complications, and its differential diagnostic considerations.Keywords: fibrous dysplasia, McCune-Albright syndrome, monostotic form, polyostotic form

  15. Development of a sarcoma in a surgical scar.

    OpenAIRE

    Sherlock, D. J.; Rickards, H.; Gardecki, T I; Hamer, J D

    1987-01-01

    The development of a malignant soft tissue tumour (malignant fibrous histiocytoma) in a surgical wound is reported. Although rare, this occurrence has important diagnostic implications and the management is discussed.

  16. Steel Fibrous Concrete

    International Science & Technology Center (ISTC)

    The Construction of Reliable and Durable Structural Units for Energy Facilities, Transportation Facilities and Other Structures Subjected to the Action of a Variety of Conditions and Loads Using New Compound Material - Steel Fibrous Concrete

  17. Craniofacial fibrous dysplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aakarsh Jhamb

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Fibrous dysplasia can present clinically in varied forms which may appear as collision of different pathologic processes. We report a rare case of craniofacial fibrous dysplasia with coexisting epithelial lined cyst and superimposed osteomyelitis with sequestrum formation. Its clinical features and management with possible hypotheses are described along with the post operative course. Pertinent literature has been reviewed with emphasis on pathogenesis of this unique occurrence.

  18. Strength of Fibrous Composites

    CERN Document Server

    Huang, Zheng-Ming

    2012-01-01

    "Strength of Fibrous Composites" addresses evaluation of the strength of a fibrous composite by using its constituent material properties and its fiber architecture parameters. Having gone through the book, a reader is able to predict the progressive failure behavior and ultimate strength of a fibrous laminate subjected to an arbitrary load condition in terms of the constituent fiber and matrix properties, as well as fiber geometric parameters. The book is useful to researchers and engineers working on design and analysis for composite materials. Dr. Zheng-Ming Huang is a professor at the School of Aerospace Engineering & Applied Mechanics, Tongji University, China. Mr. Ye-Xin Zhou is a PhD candidate at the Department of Mechanical Engineering, the University of Hong Kong, China.

  19. Primary intracranial angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma presenting with anaemia and migraine-like headaches and aura as early clinical features

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jakob Møller; Larsen, Vibeke Andrée; Scheie, David; Perry, Arie; Skjøth-Rasmussen, Jane

    2015-01-01

    A 17-year-old female with migraine with aura complained of fatigue and was diagnosed with anemia. Three years later, changes in her headache pattern prompted hospital referral. Brain MRI showed a bi-lobed extra-axial intracerebral tumor encroaching both parieto-occipital regions. The resection sp...

  20. [About a case of calcifying fibrous tumor of the pleura].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocas, Delphine; Thivolet-Béjui, Françoise; Tronc, François; Chalabreysse, Lara

    2015-12-01

    Calcifying fibrous tumor is a rare soft tissue benign tumor (OMS 2002). Some pleural localisations are described, which affect slightly older individuals than the other soft tissue forms. The calcifying fibrous tumor is included in the 2004 World Health Organization classification of pleural tumors. A pleural tumor located in the right inferior pulmonary lobe is diagnosed in a 59-year-old man. This pleural tumor is macroscopically well-circumscribed. Histologically, the rare spindle tumoral cells are located between bundles of a collagenous tissue, sometimes hyalinized, with psammomatous or dystrophic calcifications. The tumoral cells have a fibrohistiocytic origin. They stain positively for antibodies against vimentin, factor XIIIa, CD68, CD163, CD34. Antibodies against smooth muscle actin, desmin, PS100, ALK1 and EBV are negative. Main differencial diagnoses are other benign pleural tumors (solitary fibrous tumor, inflammatory myofibroblastique tumor), some malignant tumors (desmoplastic malignant pleural mesothelioma) and pleural pseudotumors (calcified pleural plaques, chronic fibrous pleuritis, amylose, hyalinizing granuloma). Our case is the 15th pleural calcifying fibrous tumor being reported. PMID:26608111

  1. Fibrous Pseudotumour of the Testis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geetha Vasudevan

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Fibrous pseudotumour of the testis is a rare benign lesion involving the paratesticular region. It usually presents in nodular form and may cause diagnostic dilemma resulting in unnecessary sacrifice of the testes. We report a rare case of diffuse fibrous pseudotumour which had to be treated by orchiectomy. [J Interdiscipl Histopathol 2013; 1(4.000: 227-229

  2. Fibrous Pseudotumour of the Testis

    OpenAIRE

    Geetha Vasudevan; Bhavna Nayal; Lakshmi Rao

    2013-01-01

    Fibrous pseudotumour of the testis is a rare benign lesion involving the paratesticular region. It usually presents in nodular form and may cause diagnostic dilemma resulting in unnecessary sacrifice of the testes. We report a rare case of diffuse fibrous pseudotumour which had to be treated by orchiectomy. [J Interdiscipl Histopathol 2013; 1(4.000): 227-229

  3. Fibrous Pseudotumor of the Tunica Vaginalis Associated With Hydrocele and Testicular Atrophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pande Made Wisnu Tirtayasa

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Fibrous pseudotumors of the testicular tunics and paratesticular tissue are uncommon lesions. They typically arise as painless scrotal masses that may be associated with hydrocele or history of surgery, trauma, or infection. Although benign, these lesions often clinically indicate malignancy and usually remain undiagnosed preoperatively. Here, we report on a 59-year-old man with fibrous pseudotumor of the tunica vaginalis associated with hydrocele and testicular atrophy.

  4. Fibrous dysplasia of maxillary sinus

    OpenAIRE

    Tinoco, Paulo; Pereira, José Carlos Oliveira; Lourenço Filho, Rodolfo Caldas; Silva, Fabrício Boechat do Carmo; Ruela, Karol Pereira

    2009-01-01

    Introduction: The Fibrous Dysplasia is a benign bone disease, of slow growth and unknown etiology. The involvement of the craniofacial skeleton is not uncommon and, generally, produces facial asymmetries. Case Report: In this article we report the case of a patient with fibrous dysplasia occupying the entire left maxillary sinus with orbitary extension confirmed in the anatomopathological exam. Final Comments: The surgical treatment remains as the main therapeutic approach and the postoperati...

  5. Tuberous sclerosis and fibrous dysplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasparetto, Emerson L; de Carvalho Neto, Arnolfo; Bruck, Isac; Antoniuk, Sergio

    2003-05-01

    We present the case of an 11-year-old female patient with tuberous sclerosis who had a right nasal mass. CT examination revealed fibrous dysplasia involving the frontal, ethmoid, sphenoid, and vomer bones. Biopsy findings of the mass confirmed this diagnosis, and follow-up revealed marked expansion of these lesions. The authors emphasize the association of bone abnormalities and tuberous sclerosis and discuss the consideration of fibrous dysplasia as a component of this syndrome. PMID:12748080

  6. Solitary fibrous tumor in retroperitoneum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, Jeong Sik; Kim, Ki Whang; Kim, Eun Kyung; Kang, Byung Chul; Jeong, Hyeon Joo [Yonsei Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-12-01

    The solitary fibrous tumor, of rare mesodermal origins, primarily affects the pleura and occasionally occurs in the peritoneum and at nonserosal sites. Although this is a pathologically well established entity, it is frequently confused radiologically and pathologically with other tumors of mesenchymal origin. We report one case of a solitary fibrous tumor in the retroperitoneum. The 15X10X7 cm mass, located in the left perirenal space just above the left kidney, had relatively homogeneous consistency and was well-delineated from surrounding organs in CT and MR images. It showed intense, gradual, centripetal enhancement during dynamic scans, and partially unenhanced areas which matched the high signal intensity portions in T2 weighted MR images, pathologically correlated to myxoid degeneration. Although not specific, when a large, well-delineated mass of strong contrast enhancement with lack of massive necrosis is encountered, solitary fibrous tumor must be included in the differential diagnosis of a retroperitoneal soft tissue mass.

  7. Fibrous dysplasia of maxillary sinus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tinoco, Paulo

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The Fibrous Dysplasia is a benign bone disease, of slow growth and unknown etiology. The involvement of the craniofacial skeleton is not uncommon and, generally, produces facial asymmetries. Case Report: In this article we report the case of a patient with fibrous dysplasia occupying the entire left maxillary sinus with orbitary extension confirmed in the anatomopathological exam. Final Comments: The surgical treatment remains as the main therapeutic approach and the postoperative follow-up is necessary due to this condition recurrent nature.

  8. A rare mesenchymal neoplasm at unusual location: Solitary fibrous tumor of vulva

    OpenAIRE

    Nag, G.; Rao, S. R.

    2015-01-01

    •We report a rare case of solitary fibrous tumor of vulva.•The lesion is usually benign.•Needs workup for malignant features and other close differentials.•Early aggressive resection ensuring clear margins is recommended.•Tendency for recurrence warrants long term follow-up.

  9. Fibrous metaphyseal defect (fibrous cortical defect, non-ossifying fibroma)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fibrous cortical defect and nonossifying fibromas can be classified together as fibrous metaphyseal defects (FMD) since they have the same pahtological substrate, with a tendency to the same localisation around the knee, and occuring at the same age. They have a tendency to spontaneous healing, are clinically silent and are usually discovered accidentally during radiological examination. A radiological survey fo 5.674 metaphyseal regions in the upper and lower extremities of 2.065 unselected patients aged one to 20 years revealed an incidence of 1.8%; exlcusive examination of the distal femur showed an incidence of 2.7%. 96% of all lesions were in the lower extremities and only 4% in the upper. The marked discrepancy in the incidence rate between American and German publications is discussed. (orig.)

  10. Solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Soares Corrêa Silva

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available We describe a case report of a rare cancer affecting the kidney of 63 years of age patient who underwent imaging studies from ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging, due to complaints: left back pain and urinary obstruction. Sonographic and radiological features of the mass found suggested the diagnosis of a malignant tumor of parenchymal origin. The pathological and immunohistochemical studies of the resected anatomical specimen, however, diagnosed a rare benign variant of solitary fibrous tumor originating in the inferior pole of the left kidney.

  11. Malignant hyperthermia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... general anesthesia You know you have a family history of malignant hyperthermia ... hyperthermia during surgery. Avoid stimulant drugs such as cocaine, ... of myopathy, muscular dystrophy, or malignant hyperthermia.

  12. [Generalized eruptive histiocytoma. Apropos of a case. Review of the literature].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobin, P; Carsuzaa, F; Seurat, P; Lucas, D

    1983-01-01

    About one case of generalized eruptive histiocytoma (G.E.H.) (the second French case) and about thirteen others cases mentioned in literature, the authors remind the clinical, histological, immuno-histochemical and evolutive aspects of this misunderstanding disease, described by Winkelmann in 1963. After having classed it, in the group of nodular, non X, non lipidique, benign histiocytosis, they expose the imprecision of this nosological limits of the G.E.H., in comparison to the bordering diseases. At last, they insist upon the fact that the few number of cases published up to this time, the lack of stand back and the casual transformation into a multicentric reticulo-histiocytosis must induce to watchfulness by requiring for each patient affected by G. E. H. and for a long time, a regular, clinical, radiological and hematological supervision. PMID:6666925

  13. Quantification of the magnetization-transfer contrast effect: can it yield additional information in differentiation of musculoskeletal lesions particularly in separation of benign from malignant lesions; Quantifizierung des Magnetization Transfer Contrast (MTC) Effektes durch Berechnung von MT-Quotienten: Ergeben sich Zusatzinformationen fuer die Differenzierung benigner und maligner Erkrankungen des Bewegungsapparates?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vahlensieck, M.; Traeber, F.; Schild, H. [Radiologische Universitaetsklinik Bonn (Germany); Gieseke, J. [Philips Medizinsysteme (Germany)

    1999-12-01

    Purpose: To investigate the potential information of the amount of magnetization-transfer effect in musculoskeletal lesions and to compare MT ratios from benign and malignant musculoskeletal lesions. Material and Method: 49 patients with malignant tumors (3 osteosarcoma, 3 malignant fibrous histiocytoma, 4 chondrosarcoma, 2 Ewing sarcomas) and benign lesions (8 chondroma, 2 fibrous dysplasia, 3 osteoid-osteoma, 6 ganglion cyst, 3 cyst, 3 osteomyelitis, 4 tendinitis, 3 rotator cuff tear, 5 scar tissue) were scanned using routine MRI protocols including T{sub 1}- and T{sub 2}-weighted spin echo as well as T{sub 2}*-weighted gradient echo (FFE) sequences at 1.5 Tesla (ACS II, Philips Medical). Additionally MTC images were generated by combining the FFE sequence and the off-resonance MT technique (-1500 Hz off-resonance frequency, 1770 flip angle and 50 ms pulse duration). MT ratios were calculated as SI{sub o}-SI{sub m}/SI{sub o}. Results: The MT ratio of benign lesions was 26{+-}15%, that of malignant lesions was 22{+-}6%. The difference was statistically not significant. As expected muscle showed a high MT ratio of 50{+-}8%. Scar tissue demonstrated an MT ratio of 39{+-}16% which was significantly higher than the tumor MT ratios. Conclusion: MTC (MT ratios) failed to show significant differences between benign and malignant lesions as was expected due to basic differences in cellularity, rate of mitosis and chromatin content. MTC might however gain more importance in separating scar tissue from recurrent tumor in the future. (orig.) [German] Zielsetzung: Durch die Quantifizierung des Magnetization Transfer Contrastes sollte untersucht werden, ob sich Zusatzinformationen in der Magnetresonanztomographie des Stuetz- und Bewegungsapparates ergeben. Insbesondere sollte ermittelt werden, ob gut- und boesartige Laesionen unterschiedliche MT-Quotienten aufweisen. Material und Methode: 49 Patienten mit boesartigen Tumoren (3 Osteosarkom, 4 Chondrosarkom, 3 Malignes Fibroeses Histiozytom, 2 Ewing-Sarkom) and gutartigen Erkrankungen (8 Chondrom, 2 Fibroese Dysplasie, 3 Osteoid-Osteom, 6 Ganglion, 3 Zysten, 3 Osteomyelitis, 4 Tendinitis, 3 Rotatorenmanschettenruptur, 5 Narbengewebe) wurden mit herkoemmlicher MRT sowie resonanz-frequenzferner MTC-Methode (-1500 Hz Resonanzverschiebung, 50 ms Pulslaenge, 1770 MT-Pulswinkel) bei 1,5 Tesla (ACS II, Philips Medizinsysteme) untersucht. Der MTC-Effekt wurde durch Berechnung des MT-Quotienten (MT-ratio) quantifiziert. Ergebnisse: Der MT-Quotient gutartiger Laesionen lag im Mittel gering ueber dem maligner Laesionen (26{+-}15% versus 22{+-}6%). Der Unterschied war statistisch nicht signifikant. Narbengewebe wies einen signifikant hoeheren MT-Quotienten (39{+-}16%) als Tumoren auf. Schlussfolgerung: Die Berechnung des MT-Quotienten ist nicht geeignet, um gutartige von boesartigen Erkrankungen des Stuetz- und Bewegungsapparates zu unterscheiden. Zur Differenzierung von Narbengewebe gegenueber Tumorrezidiv koennte MTC einen Stellenwert erlangen. (orig.)

  14. Creep of fibrous composite materials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lilholt, Hans

    1985-01-01

    Models are presented for the creep behaviour of fibrous composite materials with aligned fibres. The models comprise both cases where the fibres remain rigid in a creeping matrix and cases where the fibres are creeping in a creeping matrix. The treatment allows for several contributions to the creep strength of composites. The advantage of combined analyses of several data sets is emphasized and illustrated for some experimental data. The analyses show that it is possible to derive creep equatio...

  15. Denosumab Treatment for Fibrous Dysplasia

    OpenAIRE

    Boyce, AM; Chong, WH; Yao, J (Jing); Gafni, RI; Kelly, MH; Chamberlain, CE; Bassim, C; Cherman, N; Ellsworth, M; Kasa-Vubu, JZ; Farley, FA; Molinolo, AA; Bhattacharyya, N; Collins, MT

    2012-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a skeletal disease caused by somatic activating mutations of the cAMP-regulating protein, Gs?. These mutations lead to replacement of normal bone by proliferative osteogenic precursors, resulting in deformity, fracture, and pain. Medical treatment has been ineffective in altering the disease course. RANK ligand (RANKL) is a cell surface protein involved in many cellular processes, including osteoclastogenesis, and is reported to be overexpressed in FD-like bone cells...

  16. Fibrous Pseudotumor of the Penis – An Unusual Finding During Repair of Fractured Penis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunny Nalavenkata

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Fibrous pseudotumors of the testis and penis are a rare phenomenon, forming a spectrum of heterogeneous lesions. To the best of our knowledge, there has been only 1 previous report arising from the penis. We present a case of fibrous pseudotumor of the penis, incidentally found during the surgical repair of a fractured penis. These benign lesions have been described in the literature and are most commonly referred to as pseudotumors. They should be distinguished from potentially malignant lesions, including fibrosarcomas, squamous cell carcinoma, and polypoid urothelial carcinoma. Being aware of this pathology is important to prevent unnecessary radical surgery.

  17. Fracture toughness in fibrous materials

    CERN Document Server

    Menezes-Sobrinho, I L

    2001-01-01

    In the present paper, a fiber bundle model in (1+1)-dimensions that simulates the rupture process of a fibrous material pulled by an uniaxial force F is analyzed. In this model the load of a broken fiber is shifted in equal portions onto the nearest unbroken fibers. The force-displacement diagram is obtained for several traction velocities v and temperatures t. Also, it is shown how the fracture toughness $K_c$ changes with the traction velocity v and with the temperature t. In this paper it is shown that the rupture process is strongly dependent on temperature t and on velocity v.

  18. Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma arising in fibrous dysplasia: A case report and review of the current literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole MD Riddle

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Nicole MD Riddle1, Hideko Yamauchi2, Jamie T Caracciolo4, David Johnson2, G Douglas Letson2, Ardeshir Hakam1,3, Prudence V Smith1,2,3, Marilyn M Bui1,2,31Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA; 2Department of Sarcoma, 3Department of Anatomic Pathology, 4Department of Radiology, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, USABackground: Fibrous dysplasia is an uncommon bone disease that has rare but clear potential for malignant transformation. The frequency is increased in polyostotic forms, McCune–Albright syndrome, Mazabraud’s syndrome, and previously irradiated sites. Rapidly progressing pain unrelated to trauma is the most concerning symptom. The early radiological features of sarcomatous transformation are moth-eaten or cystic areas of osteolysis, cortical destruction, and gradual formation of a soft tissue mass. The prognosis is unfavorable as most of the cases are in an advanced stage at the time of diagnosis.Methods: This case was diagnosed at a large cancer center in Florida. Pertinent clinical findings were obtained from chart review and inter-departmental consultation.Results: Histopathological examination revealed dysplastic lamellar bone with no osteoblastic rimming and “Chinese letter” shapes, areas composed of lobulated hyaline cartilage with mild to severe nuclear atypia, and areas of poorly differentiated cells with a spindled appearance, consistent with chondrosarcoma arising within fibrous dysplasia.Conclusions: Sarcomatous transformation of fibrous dysplasia is an uncommon occurrence, yet has significant importance for those with the disease. There may be difficulty with diagnosis given the symptoms and radiologic findings of benign fibrous dysplasia. We report a case of chondrosarcoma rising in fibrous dysplasia and review the current literature. This case is of interest due to the fact that the diagnosis of monostotic fibrous dysplasia was first made at the age of 59 and malignant transformation occurred within a decade with no history of trauma or radiation. This is an excellent example of how a change in symptoms without a history of trauma should be alarming to the clinician and warrants a thorough work-up for malignancy. To the best of our knowledge, this represents the second case of dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma within the English literature.Keywords: dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma, fibrous dysplasia, malignant transformation, McCune–Albright syndrome, Mazabraud’s syndrome

  19. Heat shock transcription factors regulate heat induced cell death in a rat histiocytoma

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Kolla V, P Rasad; Aftab Taiyab; D Jyothi; Usha K Srinivas; Amere S Sreedhar

    2007-04-01

    Heat shock response is associated with the synthesis of heat shock proteins (Hsps) which is strictly regulated by different members of heat shock transcription factors (HSFs). We previously reported that a rat histiocytoma, BC-8 failed to synthesize Hsps when subjected to typical heat shock conditions (42°C, 60 min). The lack of Hsp synthesis in these cells was due to a failure in HSF1 DNA binding activity. In the present study we report that BC-8 tumor cells when subjected to heat shock at higher temperature (43°C, 60 min) or incubation for longer time at 42°C, exhibited necrosis characteristics; however, under mild heat shock (42°C, 30 min) conditions cells showed activation of autophagy. Mild heat shock treatment induced proteolysis of HSF1, and under similar conditions we observed an increase in HSF2 expression followed by its enhanced DNA binding activity. Inhibiting HSF1 proteolysis by reversible proteasome inhibition failed to inhibit heat shock induced autophagy. Compromising HSF2 expression but not HSF1 resulted in the inhibition of autophagy, suggesting HSF2 dependent activation of autophagy. We are reporting for the first time that HSF2 is heat inducible and functions in heat shock induced autophagic cell death in BC-8 tumor cells.

  20. Nutritional fibrous osteodystrophy in goats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo M Bandarra

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Seven out of 25 goats from a southern Brazilian flock developed nutritional fibrous osteodystrophy. Affected animals were younger than 1 year of age and were confined in stalls and fed a concentrate ration containing 1:6 calcium:phosphorus ratio. The remaining flock (35 goats was managed at pasture and showed no disease. Clinical signs were characterized by mandibular and maxillary enlargements, varying degrees of mouth opening and protruding tongue, dyspnea, apart of abnormalities of prehension and mastication. Affected animals had increased seric levels of phosphorus and parathormone, as well as higher alkaline phosphatase activity. Postmortem examination on three succumbed goats revealed bilateral enlargement of the maxilla and mandibula, and loose teeth, apart of multiple incomplete rib fractures in one of them. Severe diffuse proliferation of loose connective tissue surrounded the osteoid trabeculae, many of which were partially or completely non-mineralized. Mineralized osteoid trabeculae showed osteoclasts in the Howship's lacunae.

  1. A case of triple cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 31-year-old woman with breast cancer and sigmoid cancer who developed postradiation sarcoma on the chest was reported. There malignant tumors occurred at different times. Pathological examination revealed that breast cancer was classified as infiltrating ductal carcinoma, sigmoid cancer as adenocarcinoma papillotubulae, postradiation sarcoma as malignant fibrous histiocytoma. (Namekawa, K.)

  2. Haemangiopericytoma/solitary fibrous tumour of the greater omentum

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    J H R, Becker; M Z, Koto; O Y, Matsevych; N M, Bida.

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available We report a rare case of haemangiopericytoma/solitary fibrous tumour of the greater omentum in a 41-year-old woman. It presented as a large mobile abdominal mass measuring 30 ? 24 ? 8 cm. A computed tomography scan confirmed the presence of a large vascular tumour, and biochemical tumour markers wer [...] e non-contributory. The tumour was removed through a conventional laparotomy incision with the aid of a Ligasure dissector. There were no macroscopic metastases, and histologically it was benign. The size of >5 cm, however, suggests that it may have been malignant. In the absence of visible metastases and in view of the favourable histological features, it was decided to follow up the patient very closely and give further treatment if necessary.

  3. Filtration efficiency of an electrostatic fibrous filter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ardkapan, Siamak Rahimi; Johnson, Matthew Stanley; Yazdi, Sadegh; Afshari, Alireza; Bergsøe, Niels Christian

    2014-01-01

    The objective of the present study is to investigate the relationship between ultrafine particle concentrations and removal efficiencies for an electrostatic fibrous filter in a laboratory environment. Electrostatic fibrous filters capture particles efficiently, with a low pressure drop. Therefore they have applications in building ventilation systems. The relationship between particle removal efficiency and particle concentration has not been widely investigated in ventilation systems and indoo...

  4. Tissue Engineering with Nano-Fibrous Scaffolds

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, Laura A.; LIU, XIAOHUA; Ma, Peter X.

    2008-01-01

    Tissue Engineering is a rapidly evolving field in terms of cell source and scaffold fabrication. As the template for three dimensional tissue growth, the scaffold should emulate the native extracellular matrix, which is nano-fibrous. Currently, there are three basic techniques capable of generating nano-fibrous scaffolding: electrospinning, molecular self-assembly, and thermally induced phase separation. These scaffolds can then be further modified by various three dimensional surface modific...

  5. Modelling and analysing oriented fibrous structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rantala, M.; Lassas, M.; Sampo, J.; Takalo, J.; Timonen, J.; Siltanen, S.

    2014-03-01

    A mathematical model for fibrous structures using a direction dependent scaling law is presented. The orientation of fibrous nets (e.g. paper) is analysed with a method based on the curvelet transform. The curvelet-based orientation analysis has been tested successfully on real data from paper samples: the major directions of fibrefibre orientation can apparently be recovered. Similar results are achieved in tests on data simulated by the new model, allowing a comparison with ground truth.

  6. Modelling and analysing oriented fibrous structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A mathematical model for fibrous structures using a direction dependent scaling law is presented. The orientation of fibrous nets (e.g. paper) is analysed with a method based on the curvelet transform. The curvelet-based orientation analysis has been tested successfully on real data from paper samples: the major directions of fibrefibre orientation can apparently be recovered. Similar results are achieved in tests on data simulated by the new model, allowing a comparison with ground truth

  7. Solitary fibrous tumor of the intrathoracic goiter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaziri, Mohammad; Molanaei, Saadat; Tamannaei, Zeinab

    2014-01-01

    Solitary Fibrous Tumors (SFTs) are rare primary pleural neoplasms which have recently been reported in extra-thoracic sites. In this report, solitary fibrous tumor arising in an intra-thoracic goiter with no evidence of cervical mass in a 74-year-old obese man who was found to have a large superior mediastinal mass with tracheal deviation on Chest X-Ray is presented. PMID:25405117

  8. [Fibrous dysplasia of the clivus: case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falavigna, Asdrubal; Borba, Luis Alencar B; Teles, Alisson Roberto

    2006-06-01

    We describe the case of a 43 year-old woman with chronic headache and diplopia. The neuroradiologic exam showed volume increase and alteration in the bone density of the clivus. She was submitted to surgery and the anatomopathologic evidenced fibrous dysplasia. Other 14 of about fibrous dysplasia involving the clivus are related in the literature. We discuss clinical aspects, image exams, histology and treatment of this rare presentation of the disease. PMID:16791381

  9. Sampling Citrus Fibrous Roots and Tylenchulus semipenetrans

    OpenAIRE

    Duncan, L.W.; El-Morshedy, M. M.; McSorley, R.

    1994-01-01

    Sampling precision was investigated for Tylenchulus semipenetrans juveniles and males in soil and females from roots and for citrus fibrous root mass density. For the case of two composite samples of 15 cores each, counts of juvenile and male nematodes were estimated to be within 40% of ?, at P 1,500 nematodes/100 cm³ soil. A similar level of ? was estimated for measurements of fibrous root mass density, but at a precision level of 25% of ?. Densities of fema...

  10. Development of bioactive photocrosslinkable fibrous hydrogels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens-Altus, J S; Sundelacruz, P; Rowland, M L; West, J L

    2011-08-01

    Three-dimensional (3D) fibrous hydrogels were fabricated by blending two photoactive polymers, poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA) and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA), and the resulting solution was electrospun. PEGDA is a commonly used hydrogel material for tissue engineering applications since its interaction with cells can be tuned by crosslinking in a variety of bioactive molecules including peptides and proteins. The PVA in these materials aids in fiber formation and stabilizes the fibrous network when hydrated. The average dry fiber diameter in the hydrogels was 1.02 ?m and upon swelling, the fiber diameter increased approximately six-fold. Fibers were stable under cell culture conditions for up to 5 days. The adhesive ligand, RGDS, was readily incorporated into the fibrous network via the conjugation of RGDS to PEG-monoacrylate which was then crosslinked with the fibers. The bioactivity of the fibrous hydrogels was compared with peptide-modified PEGDA-based hydrogels. The two hydrogel materials had similar cell adhesion and viability. Cell morphology on the fibrous hydrogels was dendritic showing a more in vivo like representation, as compared to spread cell morphology on the PEGDA gels. The ability to generate 3D fibrous architectures in hydrogel systems opens up new areas of investigation in cell-material interactions and tissue formation. PMID:21548066

  11. Malignant teratoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... is often located in the front chest area (mediastinum). Most malignant teratomas can spread throughout the body, ... Diseases of the diaphragm, chest wall, pleura, and mediastinum. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman's Cecil ...

  12. A SOLITARY FIBROUS TUMOR IN THE EXTERNAL AUDITORY CANAL - A RARE CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rabindra Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports a rare case of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT arising independently from the external auditory canal. A 16 - year - old female patient presented with mass in left external auditory canal and aural fullness. Physical examination revealed a large papillomatous mass coming out from left external auditory canal. The patient underwent surgical removal of tumor . A light microscopic study showed a spindle - cell proliferation with a collagenous stroma and a staghorn - like vascular pattern. The tumor cells were immune histochemically positive for vimentin. One week after resection aural fulln ess had resolved. Solitary fibrous tumor is a rar e mesenchymal tumor which originates in the pleura or at virtually any site in the soft tissue.It has been observed that 78% to 88% of SFT’s are benign and 12% to 22% are malignant.En - bloc resection remains the cornerstone of therapy. Although , several cases of extra pleural SFT have been reported , only one case of external auditory canal SFT has been reported so far. Excision of SFT of the external auditory canal is advisable , especially in the presence of symptoms , and should be preceded by confirmation of non - malignancy by biopsy , if possible. Solitary fibrous tumor ; Mesenchymal tumor ; External auditory meatus; Immunohistochemistry; vimentin.

  13. Congenital fibrous hamartoma of the knee

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A full-term male infant presented at birth with a hard swelling of the left knee. The lemon-sized lesion was fixed to the underlying knee muscles, while the overlying skin was stretched and shiny; there was no bruit. Radiography, sonography and MRI suggested a soft-tissue tumour. After surgical excision, histology showed the presence of fibrous and mesenchymal tissue, with mature adipose tissue. Fibrous hamartoma of infancy was diagnosed. Among soft-tissue tumours, fibrous hamartoma of infancy is a rare and benign lesion, occurring in the first 2 years of life. The tumour mainly affects the trunk, axilla, and upper extremities. This infant had unique involvement of the knee. The treatment of choice is local excision. (orig.)

  14. Acoustic behavior of fibrous bulk materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hersh, A. S.; Walker, B.

    1980-01-01

    A semiempirical model of the acoustic behavior of fibrously constructed bulk materials of Hersh and Walker (1979) is generalized to take into account the filtration or removal of particles by fibrous mats and heat conduction between the material fibers and the surrounding fluid. Equations governing the propagation and attenuation of sound waves in a fibrous material are derived on the basis of a solution of the Navier Stokes equation for momentum conservation and a one-dimensional model of heat transfer between the sound field and the fibers. A comparison of the two propagation constants and material impedance specified by the model and experimental measurements for Kevlar 29 indicates the accuracy of the model over a wide range of sound frequencies, material porosities and specimen thickness. It is also found that heat transfer effects are relatively unimportant, while the attenuation constants and material characteristic impedance are a function of fiber orientation relative to sound field propagation direction.

  15. CT Imaging of Craniofacial Fibrous Dysplasia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unal Erzurumlu, Zerrin; Celenk, Peruze; Bulut, Emel; Bar?s, Yakup Sancar

    2015-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia is a benign fibroosseous bone dysplasia that can involve single (monostotic) or multiple (polyostotic) bones. Monostotic form is more frequent in the jaws. It is termed as craniofacial fibrous dysplasia, when it involves, though rarely, adjacent craniofacial bones. A 16-year-old girl consulted for a painless swelling in the right posterior mandible for two years. Panoramic radiography revealed ground-glass ill-defined lesions in the three different regions of the maxilla and mandible. Axial CT scan (bone window) showed multiple lesions involving skull base and facial bones. Despite lesions in the skull base, the patient had no abnormal neurological findings. The lesion was diagnosed as fibrous dysplasia based on radiological and histopathological examination. In this paper, CT findings and differential diagnosis of CFD are discussed. CT is a useful imaging technique for CFD cases. PMID:26339510

  16. On the filtration of fibrous aerosols

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Basic peculiarities occuring during the filtration of fibrous aerosols are discussed. Using aerosols of very fine asbestos fibers, filtration efficiencies of some analytical filters -Nuclepore and Millipore filters - were investigated. The collection efficiences were measured by means of electron microscopy and radiolabeled asbestos fibers. The collection efficiencies, which depended on the pore sizes of the filters and on the fiber form of the used aerosol, lay in the range of about 40-99.9%. A special problem discussed is the orientation of fibrous particles in the vicinity of filter pore entrances. (author)

  17. Malignant meningioma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The intracranial meningiomas are tumors in general of benign type of a slow growth originating in the arachnoid cells layer, especially in arachnoid granulations. The anaplastic or malignant meningiomas accounted for only the 1-3%. Sometimes they simulate malignant neuroepithelial lesions due to its fast growth and the frequent invasion of surrounding cerebral tissue with very frequent relapses and many times they required adjuvant therapy. The topographic images of this type of tumor are hyper-denses with a good contrast capture, regular and well defined with not much or not associated edema, quite the contrary that observed in present case where images seems to correspond with those of a malignant glioma (multiforme glioblastoma). (author)

  18. FIBROUS DYSPLASIA IN THE MAXILLO-MANDIBULAR REGION – case report

    OpenAIRE

    Radka Cholakova; P. Kanasirska; N. Kanasirski; Ivan Chenchev; Atanaska Dinkova

    2010-01-01

    Craniofacial fibrous dysplasia is 1 of 3 types of fibrous dysplasia that can affect the bones of the craniofacial complex, including the mandible and maxilla.Fibrous displasia is a skeletal developmental disorder of the bone-forming mesenchyme that manifests as a defect in osteoblastic differentiation and maturation. It is a lesion of unknown etiology, uncertain pathogenesis, and diverse histopathology. Fibrous dysplasia represents about 2, 5% of all bone tumors and over 7% of all benign tumo...

  19. Consolidation and densification methods for fibrous monolith processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutaria, Manish P.; Rigali, Mark J.; Cipriani, Ronald A.; Artz, Gregory J.; Mulligan, Anthony C.

    2006-06-20

    Methods for consolidation and densification of fibrous monolith composite structures are provided. Consolidation and densification of two- and three-dimensional fibrous monolith components having complex geometries can be achieved by pressureless sintering. The fibrous monolith composites are formed from filaments having at least a first material composition generally surrounded by a second material composition. The composites are sintered at a pressure of no more than about 30 psi to provide consolidated and densified fibrous monolith composites.

  20. Malignant Catatonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayca Ozkul

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Catatonia is a syndrome characterized by mutism, immobility, negativism, stereotypy, mannerisms, echophenomena, perseveration and passive obedience. The underlying causes can be psychiatric or may be associated with general medical status or neurological diseases. Additionally catatonia has two subtypes as malignant and nonmalignant catatonia. Main symptoms of malignant catatonia are hyperthermia and autonomic symptoms such as tachycardia, tachypnea and hyperhidrosis. It is important to make the diagnosis as early as possible for an appropriate medical treatment. Clinicians should be aware of the fatal outcome of the disease.

  1. Temporosphenoidal Fibrous Dysplasia: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa ERDAL

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Fibrous dysplasia (FD is a localized disorder of bone that may lead to bony distortional expansions. We report a case of FD of the temporosphenoidal bone. In this case, we took out subtotally the part of the temporal bone extending to the skull base with speed-drilling.

  2. Damage mechanisms of random fibrous networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sozumert, E.; Farukh, F.; Demirci, E.; Acar, M.; Pourdeyhimi, B.; Silberschmidt, V. V.

    2015-07-01

    Fibrous networks are ubiquitous: they can be found in various engineering applications as well as in biological tissues. Due to complexity of their random microstructure, anisotropic properties and large deformation, their modelling is challenging. Though, there are numerous studies in literature focusing either on numerical simulations of fibrous networks or explaining their damage mechanisms at micro or meso-scale, the respective models usually do not include actual random microstructure and failure mechanisms. The microstructure of fibrous networks, together with highly non-linear mechanical behaviourof their fibres, is a key to initiation of damage, its spatial localization and ultimate failure [1]. Numerical models available in literature are not capable of elucidating actual microstructure of the material and, hence, its influence on damage processes in fibrous networks. To emulate a real-life microstructure in a developed finite-element model, an orientation distribution function for fibresobtained from X-ray micro computed-tomography images was considered to provide actual alignment of fibres. To validate the suggested model, notched and unnotched rectangular specimens were experimentally tested. A good correlation between the experimental data and simulation results was observed. This study revealed a significant effect of a notch on damage evolution.

  3. Unilateral Fibrous ankylosis of the Temporomandibular Joint

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamala R

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Ankylosis of the Temporomandibular joint (TMJ is a chronic mandibular hypomobility and is one of the commonest TMJ disorders encountered in the patients.The present case is about the history of fourteen years old fibrous ankylosis of the condyle of the TMJ with its clinical and the radiological features and the treatment modalities.

  4. Steam Reformer With Fibrous Catalytic Combustor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voecks, Gerald E.

    1987-01-01

    Proposed steam-reforming reactor derives heat from internal combustion on fibrous catalyst. Supplies of fuel and air to combustor controlled to meet demand for heat for steam-reforming reaction. Enables use of less expensive reactor-tube material by limiting temperature to value safe for material yet not so low as to reduce reactor efficiency.

  5. Temporosphenoidal Fibrous Dysplasia: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Mustafa ERDAL; Mustafa Aziz HAT?BO?LU; Murat ÇO?AR; Mahmut ARSLAN; Celal ?PL?KÇ?O?LU

    2006-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a localized disorder of bone that may lead to bony distortional expansions. We report a case of FD of the temporosphenoidal bone. In this case, we took out subtotally the part of the temporal bone extending to the skull base with speed-drilling.

  6. Aneurysmal bone cyst associated with fibrous dysplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuen, Vernon Ho; Jordan, David R; Jabi, Maha; Agbi, Charles

    2002-11-01

    We report the clinicopathologic features of a 22-year-old patient with aneurysmal bone cyst and fibrous dysplasia of the orbit. The patient was evaluated clinically with computed tomography of the orbit before surgery. An orbital biopsy specimen was examined histologically with conventional light microscopy. The lesion was treated with combined neurosurgical and orbital intervention. Clinical evaluation revealed axial and inferior displacement of the globe. Computed tomography revealed a cystic mass in the superotemporal left orbit with adjacent bone erosion. "Ground-glass" thickening of the adjacent frontal bone and sphenoid bone was observed. Microscopic examination showed fibrous stroma with giant cells and hemosiderin-laden macrophages with adjacent trabeculae of woven bone and osteoblast cells. A fronto-orbital craniotomy was performed, the cystic cavity was excised, and the hyperostotic bone was debulked. After treatment, the globe position and patient appearance have improved. There has been no sign of recurrence of the aneurysmal bone cyst. Aneurysmal bone cyst should be considered in patients with fibrous dysplasia that has a cystic component, or in patients with fibrous dysplasia who present with sudden expansion of their lesion. PMID:12439066

  7. Fibrous mineral sorbents for concentration of radionuclides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The sorption properties of fibrous mineral sorbents prepared from modified clinoptilolite and an acidic cellulose ester containing hexacyanoferrates are studied. The sorbents can be used to purify liquid radioactive wastes with a total specific activity of (4.9-7)·10-6 Ci/liter

  8. Hematologic malignancies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoogstraten, B.

    1986-01-01

    The principle aim of this book is to give practical guidelines to the modern treatment of the six important hematologic malignancies. Topics considered include the treatment of the chronic leukemias; acute leukemia in adults; the myeloproliferative disorders: polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, and idiopathic myelofibrosis/agnogenic myeloid metaplasia; Hodgkin's Disease; non-Hodgkin's lymphoma; and Multiple Myeloma.

  9. Electron microprobe identification of fibrous aerosols in ambient air

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclepore filters were used for sampling fibrous particles in ambient air. The fiber counting and fiber size measurements were done by means of SEM-methods. The number of fibers, distribution of fiber lengths, and diameters were plotted. The specific identification of asbestos fibers was made by electron microprobe analysis. Certain elements such as Si, Fe, Mg, Al, Mn, Ca, and Na as well as ratios such as Fe/Si and Mg/Si proved to be approximative identification factors for ambient asbestos. Not only asbestos and glass, also many other inorganic fibrous particles were found in the urban atmosphere as well as in the atmosphere of remote regions. Fibrous gypsum, fibrous ammonium sulfates, fibrous silicates, fibrous mica, and quartz were identified among these particles. Even in remote ambient air, relatively high concentrations of fibrous particles (103-104 m-3) could be measured, although the concentration of asbestos fibers were usually smaller than 102 m-3

  10. Two cases of large solitary fibrous tumors of the pleura associated with fasting hypoglycemia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We describe two cases of elderly women who presented hypoglycemic episodes with suppressed levels of insulin and insulin-like growth factor I. They were found to have huge malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura. The tumors had rich vascularization on enhanced CT scans and showed characteristic low signal intensity on T2-weighted MR images. This paraneoplastic hypoglycemia is caused by an incompletely processed precursor of insulin-like growth factor II secreted from the tumor. Hypoglycemia and insulin suppression were resolved after removal of the tumors. (orig.)

  11. Two cases of large solitary fibrous tumors of the pleura associated with fasting hypoglycemia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, J.H. [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Chungnam National University Hospital, Taejon (Korea); Kim, J.O.; Kim, S.Y. [Dept. of Internal Medicine, Chungnam National University Hospital, Taejon (Korea); Na, M.H.; Lim, S.P. [Dept. of Thoracic Surgery, Chungnam National University Hospital, Taejon (Korea); Kim, J.M. [Dept. of Pathology, Chungnam National University Hospital, Taejon (Korea)

    2001-05-01

    We describe two cases of elderly women who presented hypoglycemic episodes with suppressed levels of insulin and insulin-like growth factor I. They were found to have huge malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura. The tumors had rich vascularization on enhanced CT scans and showed characteristic low signal intensity on T2-weighted MR images. This paraneoplastic hypoglycemia is caused by an incompletely processed precursor of insulin-like growth factor II secreted from the tumor. Hypoglycemia and insulin suppression were resolved after removal of the tumors. (orig.)

  12. Nonlinear mechanics of soft fibrous materials

    CERN Document Server

    Ogden, Raymond

    2015-01-01

    The book presents a state-of-the-art overview of the fundamental theories, established models and ongoing research related to the modeling of these materials. Two approaches are conventionally used to develop constitutive relations for highly deformable fibrous materials. According to the phenomenological approach, a strain energy density function can be defined in terms of strain invariants. The other approach is based on kinetic theories, which treats a fibrous material as a randomly oriented inter-tangled network of long molecular chains bridged by permanent and temporary junctions. At the micro-level, these are associated with chemical crosslinks and active entanglements, respectively. The papers include carefully crafted overviews of the fundamental formulation of the three-dimensional theory from several points of view, and address their equivalences and differences. Also included are solutions to boundary-value problems which are amenable to experimental verification. A further aspect is the elasticity...

  13. Protease-degradable electrospun fibrous hydrogels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wade, Ryan J.; Bassin, Ethan J.; Rodell, Christopher B.; Burdick, Jason A.

    2015-03-01

    Electrospun nanofibres are promising in biomedical applications to replicate features of the natural extracellular matrix (ECM). However, nearly all electrospun scaffolds are either non-degradable or degrade hydrolytically, whereas natural ECM degrades proteolytically, often through matrix metalloproteinases. Here we synthesize reactive macromers that contain protease-cleavable and fluorescent peptides and are able to form both isotropic hydrogels and electrospun fibrous hydrogels through a photoinitiated polymerization. These biomimetic scaffolds are susceptible to protease-mediated cleavage in vitro in a protease dose-dependent manner and in vivo in a subcutaneous mouse model using transdermal fluorescent imaging to monitor degradation. Importantly, materials containing an alternate and non-protease-cleavable peptide sequence are stable in both in vitro and in vivo settings. To illustrate the specificity in degradation, scaffolds with mixed fibre populations support selective fibre degradation based on individual fibre degradability. Overall, this represents a novel biomimetic approach to generate protease-sensitive fibrous scaffolds for biomedical applications.

  14. Aerosol filtration with metallic fibrous filters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The filtration efficiency of stainless steel fibrous filters (BEKIPOR porous mats and sintered webs) is determined using submicronic monodisperse polystyrene aerosols. Lasers spectrometers are used for the aerosol measurements. The parameters varied are the fiber diameter, the number of layers, the aerosol diameter and the superficial velocity. Two selected types of filters are tested with polydisperse methylene blue aerosols to determine the effect of bed loading on the filter performance and to test washing techniques for the regeneration of the filter

  15. Composite films of arabinoxylan and fibrous sepiolite

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sárossy, Zsuzsa; Blomfeldt, Thomas O.J.; Hedenqvist, Mikael S.; Bender Koch, Christian; Ray, Suprakas Sinha; Plackett, David

    2012-01-01

    Hemicelluloses represent a largely unutilized resource for future bioderived films in packaging and other applications. However, improvement of film properties is needed in order to transfer this potential into reality. In this context, sepiolite, a fibrous clay, was investigated as an additive to enhance the properties of rye flour arabinoxylan. Composite films cast from arabinoxylan solutions and sepiolite suspensions in water were transparent or semitransparent at additive loadings in the 2.5...

  16. Spontaneous fibrous histiocytic neoplasms in rats.

    OpenAIRE

    Greaves, P.; Faccini, J M

    1981-01-01

    A total of 85 spontaneous rat fibrohistiocytic tumours were evaluated histologically and assessed for the presence or absence of metastases. The overall incidence in controls from 2-year carcinogenicity studies was 2.7%. The tumours occurred principally in the subcutaneous and deep soft tissues, and generally appeared after 18 months of age. Four histological types were recognized: histiocytic (17%), pleomorphic (33%), cellular (17%) and very fibrous (33%). Histiocytic tumours were highly mal...

  17. Oriented fibrous structures for concrete reinforcement

    OpenAIRE

    Fangueiro, Raúl, ed. lit.; Marques, P.; Pereira, Cristiana Gonilho; Araújo, Mário Duarte de

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports on the work that is being undertaken at the University of Minho concerning the development of directionally oriented fibrous structures (DOFS) to be used as a concrete reinforcement material. Several glass fibre wovenlike DOFS were produced varying two parameters: roving linear density (tex) and reinforcement structural density (rovings/cm). Self-compacting concrete slabs were reinforced by DOFS structures and their bending behaviour was evaluated. The results were compared...

  18. High surface area fibrous silica nanoparticles

    KAUST Repository

    Polshettiwar, Vivek

    2014-11-11

    Disclosed are high surface area nanoparticles that have a fibrous morphology. The nanoparticles have a plurality of fibers, wherein each fiber is in contact with one other fiber and each fiber has a length of between about 1 nm and about 5000 nm. Also disclosed are applications of the nanoparticles of the present invention, and methods of fabrication of the nanoparticles of the present invention.

  19. Testicular fibrous hamartoma: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asuman Kilitci

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Fibrous hamartoma (FH of childhood is uncommon benign tumor. They are generally seen in the head and neck region, gastrointestinal system and lung. As in the case we report, they may also occur in other unusual sites such as groin and testis. The clinical presentation is almost always a mass or swelling. We hereby report a case with FH in atrophic testis which is unusual location and clinical presentation.

  20. Toxicity and Carcinogenicity Mechanisms of Fibrous Antigorite

    OpenAIRE

    Michael Balazy; Silvana Capella; Annamaria Panico; Elena Belluso; Laura Lombardo; Venera Cardile

    2007-01-01

    We studied the effects of fibrous antigorite on mesothelial MeT-5A and monocyte-macrophage J774 cell lines to further understand cellular mechanisms induced by asbestos fibers leading to lung damage and cancer. Antigorite is a mineral with asbestiform properties, which tends to associate with chrysotile or tremolite, and frequently occurs as the predominant mineral in the veins of several serpentinite rocks found abundantly in the Western Alps. Particles containing antigorite are more abundan...

  1. A Case of Extensive polyostotic fibrous dysplasia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Byung Do [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Iksan (Korea, Republic of); Hwang, Eui Hwan; Lee, Sang Rae [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Kyunghee University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-06-15

    Fibrous dysplasia is a benign disorder of bone consisting of intramedullary proliferation of fibrous tissue and irregularly distributed, poorly developed bone. The disease manifests itself in the monostotic form in which only one bone is involved and the polyostotic form in which multiple bones at different sites are affected. We reported a extensive case of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia with involvement of craniofacial bones, mandible, ribs, extremities. A 18-year-old man showed remarkable right facial swelling who had been treated on right femur 3 years ago with a bone graft for pathologic fracture and he recognized facial swelling 5 years ago. Extraoral radiograms and computed tomogram showed diffuse sclerosis with a ground glass appearance of the most calvarial bones, facial bones. The right mandibular lesion showed very expansible lesion with mottled appearance. Bone scans showed multifocal increased uptakes in craniofacial bones, right mandible, bilaterally in ribs, humerus, femur, tibia and characteristic various deformity of right femur (shepherd's crook deformity). This case showed exceptionally bilateral, extensive nature of bone lesion and didn't show any features of skin pigmentation and endocrine disturbances.

  2. Toxicity and Carcinogenicity Mechanisms of Fibrous Antigorite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Balazy

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available We studied the effects of fibrous antigorite on mesothelial MeT-5A and monocyte-macrophage J774 cell lines to further understand cellular mechanisms induced by asbestos fibers leading to lung damage and cancer. Antigorite is a mineral with asbestiform properties, which tends to associate with chrysotile or tremolite, and frequently occurs as the predominant mineral in the veins of several serpentinite rocks found abundantly in the Western Alps. Particles containing antigorite are more abundant in the breathing air of this region than those typically found in urban ambient air. Exposure of MeT-5A and J774 cells to fibrous antigorite at concentrations of 5-100 μg/ml for 72 hr induced dose-dependent cytotoxicity. Antigorite also stimulated the ROS production, induced the generation of nitrite and PGE2. MeT-5A cells were more sensitive to antigorite than J774 cells. The results of this study revealed that the fibrous antigorite stimulates cyclooxygenase and formation of hydroxyl and nitric oxide radicals. These changes represent early cellular responses to antigorite fibers, which lead to a host of pathological and neoplastic conditions because free radicals and PGE2 play important roles as mediators of tumor pathogenesis. Understanding the mechanisms of the cellular responses to antigorite and other asbestos particles should be helpful in designing rational prevention and treatment approaches.

  3. Solitary fibrous tumor of the mammary gland: a potential pitfall in breast pathology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falconieri, Giovanni; Lamovec, Janez; Mirra, Maurizio; Pizzolitto, Stefano

    2004-06-01

    We report three cases of solitary fibrous tumor of the breast. The patients were adult to elderly women and complained of a slowly but relentless growing lump. The tumors were fairly circumscribed and cured by means of lumpectomy or, in one case, simple mastectomy. Histologically, they featured the customary "patternless pattern" of short spindle cells haphazardly arranged in fascicles within a collagenized or myxoid ground substance. In two cases, a prominent hemangiopericytic arrangement of tumor cells around a rich vascular framework could be noticed. Cellular areas were often present and showed nuclear overlapping, clumping of chromatin, and a brisk mitotic activity. No atypical mitosis was recognized. Tumor cells were immunoreactive for CD34, bcl2, and vimentin only. On follow-up there was no evidence of either local recurrence or distant metastases. Solitary fibrous tumors of the breast may represent a significant diagnostic problem because of the close mimicry to numerous benign and malignant mammary lesions composed of spindle cells; diagnostic clues may be further obscured in cellular and actively proliferating tumors. A brief overview of mammary solitary fibrous tumor taxonomy along with the principal differential diagnoses within the breast is presented. PMID:15185257

  4. Low-grade central osteosarcoma of distal femur, resembling fibrous dysplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haris S Vasiliadis

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of a 32 year-old male, admitted for a lytic lesion of the distal femur. One month after the first X-ray, clinical and imaging deterioration was evident. Open biopsy revealed fibrous dysplasia. Three months later, the lytic lesion had spread to the whole distal third of the femur reaching the articular cartilage. The malignant clinical and imaging features necessitated excision of the lesion and reconstruction with a custom-made total knee arthroplasty. Intra-operatively, no obvious soft tissue infiltration was evident. Nevertheless, an excision of the distal 15.5 cm of the femur including 3.0 cm of the surrounding muscles was finally performed. The histological examination of the excised specimen revealed central low-grade osteosarcoma. Based on the morphological features of the excised tumor, allied to the clinical findings, the diagnosis of low-grade central osteosarcoma was finally made although characters of a fibrous dysplasia were apparent. Central low-grade osteosarcoma is a rare, well-differentiated sub-type of osteosarcoma, with clinical, imaging, and histological features similar to benign tumours. Thus, initial misdiagnosis is usual with the condition commonly mistaken for fibrous dysplasia. Central low-grade osteosarcoma is usually treated with surgery alone, with rare cases of distal metastases. However, regional recurrence is quite frequent after close margin excision.

  5. Integrally calcified solitary fibrous tumor in the retroperitoneum: a case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maki, Takehiro; Fujino, Syotaro; Misu, Kenjiro; Kaneko, Hiroyuki; Inomata, Hitoshi; Omi, Makoto; Tateno, Masatoshi; Nihei, Kazuyoshi

    2016-12-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare stromal neoplasm and usually occurs in the thoracic cavity. We here report a case of retroperitoneal SFT with prominent calcification. A 64-year-old man presented with an incidentally detected retroperitoneal mass in the right upper abdomen. Imaging tests indicated an integrally calcified mass. The lesion was observed for 2 years and laparoscopically resected according to the patient's wish. Microscopically, the mass was mostly occupied by calcification and proliferous spindle cells were scattered with positive CD34 expression. We diagnosed morphologically benign SFT and the patient remained disease-free 1 year after the excision. There has been no report of such integrally calcified SFT. Retroperitoneal SFT is difficult to make a preoperative diagnosis, and careful follow-up after the excision is recommended because morphological malignancy does not always correspond to clinical malignancy. PMID:26943690

  6. Intramedullary Solitary Fibrous Tumor of Cervicothoracic Spinal Cord

    OpenAIRE

    Hwang, Ui Seung; Kim, Sung Bum; Jo, Dae Jean; Kim, Sung Min

    2014-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor is rare benign mesenchymal neoplasm. The spinal solitary fibrous tumor is extremely rare. The authors experienced a case of intramedullary solitary fibrous tumor of cervicothoracic spinal cord in a 48-year-old man with right lower extremity sensory disturbance. Spinal MRI showed intradural mass lesion in the level of C7-T1, the margin between the spinal cord and tumor was not clear on MRI. A Left unilateral laminectomy and mass removal was performed. Intra operative fin...

  7. Calcifying fibrous pseudotumor of mediastinum--a case report.

    OpenAIRE

    Jeong, H. S.; Lee, G K; Sung, R.; Ahn, J H; Song, H. G.

    1997-01-01

    This report presents a case of calcifying fibrous pseudotumor arising in the posterior mediastinum of a 54-year-old woman. The histopathologic features of this case were identical to that of calcifying fibrous pseudotumor first designated in 1993. It is a distinctive benign fibrous lesion characterized by the presence of characteristics psammomatous or dystrophic calcification, abundant hyalinized collagen and lymphoplasmacytic cell infiltrate. Immunohistochemically most of the scattered fibr...

  8. Design of fibrous structures for civil engineering applications

    OpenAIRE

    Marques, Paula Cristina Martins Pina

    2009-01-01

    As a synergy of fibre and fibrous structures technology developments, nowadays it is possible to produce advanced fibrous materials for many non-conventional applications. The use of fibrous materials as reinforcement materials of cementitious matrices is one of its many applications that have gain new developments over the last years. Due to its inherent low tensile strength, concrete requires reinforcement in applications where significant tensile stresses will be realized in...

  9. THE INFLUENCE OF SUPERPLASTICIZERS ON THE PROPERTY IS FIBROUS CONCRETE / ??????? ???????????????????? ?? ???????? ????????????

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perfilov Vladimir Aleksandrovich / ???????? ???????? ?????????????

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Provided are the results of experimental studies on the determination of the effect of superplasticizer additives on physical and mechanical properties of basalt fibrous concrete / ???????????? ?????????? ????????????????? ???????????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ????????????????????? ??????? ?? ??????-???????????? ???????? ????????????????????

  10. Combination of laser treatment and intraluminal radiotherapy for malignant dysphagia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Laser treatment for malignant dysphagia is limited by recurrent intraluminal turmour requiring repeated treatment at four to eight week intervals. To reduce the need for follow up treatment and to improve survival patients successfully palliated by laser were treated with intraluminal radio-therapy. The combination of laser treatment with intraluminal radiotherapy provides good palliation and may reduce the need for repeated endoscopic treatment. Fibrous stricture formation is a common complication. (Author)

  11. Giant solitary fibrous tumour of the pleura

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bødtger, Uffe; Pedersen, Jesper Holst; Skov, Birgit Guldhammer; Clementsen, Paul

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Low forced expiratory volume (FEV(1)) and low performance status usually preclude surgical treatment of lung neoplasms. Earlier case reports have suggested that curative, safe surgery is possible in extrapulmonal intrathoracic neoplasms. METHODS: A case report of an 83-year-old women with progressing dyspnoea secondary to a huge left-side neoplasm. RESULTS: Work-up reveal an FEV(1) of 0.4 L, and a giant solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura. The tumor was surgically removed in toto wi...

  12. Fibrous composites comprising carbon nanotubes and silica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Huisheng (Shanghai, CN); Zhu, Yuntian Theodore (Cary, NC); Peterson, Dean E. (Los Alamos, NM); Jia, Quanxi (Los Alamos, NM)

    2011-10-11

    Fibrous composite comprising a plurality of carbon nanotubes; and a silica-containing moiety having one of the structures: (SiO).sub.3Si--(CH.sub.2).sub.n--NR.sub.1R.sub.2) or (SiO).sub.3Si--(CH.sub.2).sub.n--NCO; where n is from 1 to 6, and R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are each independently H, CH.sub.3, or C.sub.2H.sub.5.

  13. Imaging Findings of Fibrous Hamartoma of Infancy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rho, Byung Hak; Lee, Hee Jung; Kwon, Sun Young [Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University College of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-09-15

    We wanted to evaluate the imaging findings of fibrous hamartoma of infancy (FHI). We retrospectively reviewed the clinical presentation and the sonographic (n = 5) and CT (n = 3) findings of 5 cases of surgically/pathologically confirmed FHI. The sonographic findings were evaluated according to the location, size, internal echogenicity and vascularity. The CT findings were evaluated according to the attenuation of the mass on both the pre- (n = 3) and postcontrast (n = 2) scans. The image findings were correlated with the pathologic findings. The mean age was 14.8 months (range, 7 months - 3 years). The location of lesions was all in the fatty layer of the back (n = 4) and upper arm (n = 1). All the lesions demonstrated-hypertrichosis on the overlying skin. The lesions measured 31.2 mm in the longest diameter (range: 18 mm - 50 mm). The sonographic findings were purely solid, heterogeneously hyperechoic and hypovacular for all the cases. The internal architecture revealed a 'layering' appearance (n = 3). The CT findings demonstrated isoattenuation, as compared to the adjacent muscle on both the pre- and postcontrast CT scans. The pathologic correlation demonstrated a characteristic 'organoid' mixture of fibrous, mucoid and fatty tissues in all cases. The diagnosis of FHI can be suggested by the sonographic findings of a superficially located, heterogeneous solid mass with a 'layering' appearance in the fatty layer of the back or arms of infants with local hypertrochosis on the overlying skin.

  14. Briquetting and coking behavior of fibrous xylite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naundorf, W.; Wollenberg, R.; Cichos, N.

    1988-01-01

    Studies laboratory briquetting and coking of wood structured cellulose fiber xylite which makes up 6 to 12% of Miocene brown coal in the GDR. The briquets produced, fibrous in appearance, had high compression strength; the coke compression strength was slightly below the 14 to 18 MPa level of regular brown coal coke. The addition of more than 25% sulfite liquor as binder significantly increased coke strength and density as well as lump coke formation. The possibility of employing xylite for fibrous particleboards in the wood industry is further assessed. Bending strength of xylite briquets pressed with addition of glue and hardener was between 9.8 and 13.5 MPa, furthermore, water resistance of briquets is described as high. Experiments also showed that pressing pressure can be reduced to 75 MPa, without significant losses in bending strength. Size reduction of xylite is regarded as important, i.e. a reduction of xylite particle size from 1.1/0 mm to 0.6/0 mm increases bending strength of briquets by an average of 5 MPa. Graphs of measurement results are provided. 9 refs.

  15. Epithelioid malignant mesothelioma of tunica vaginalis with deciduoid features: An unusual malignancy clinically masquerading an inguinal hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharique Ahmed

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Paratesticular/scrotal and inguinal canal mass lesions in elderly patients may pose a diagnostic challenge to both the surgeon as well as the pathologist. In most cases, these represent hernial sacs with their contents, and true neoplasms like lipomas, rhabdomyosarcomas, and fibrous pseudotumors are infrequent. Malignant mesotheliomas arising from the tunica layers are rare cause of inguinal and paratesticular tumors. Herein, we report a case of an elderly patient who presented with an inguinal hernia which pathologically had features of deciduoid malignant mesothelioma.

  16. Fibrous microcapsules and methods of assembly and use thereof

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stupp, Samuel; Rozkiewicz, Dorota

    2015-01-27

    The present invention relates to assembly of peptide amphiphiles and biopolymers into fibrous microcapsules, and uses thereof. In particular, the present invention provides devices, compositions, and methods for interfacial self-assembly of peptide amphiphiles and biopolyments into fibrous microcapsules, and uses thereof.

  17. Chapter 03 Fibrous Annulus-Papillary Tip-LV Relationship

    OpenAIRE

    Ingels, Jr, Neil B; Karlsson, Matts

    2016-01-01

    A fibrous collagen wedge, pointing toward the left ventricle, separates the mitral valve and left atrium from the aortic valve. The portion of this wedge between the mitral and aortic valves is known as the aortic mitral curtain or the intervalvular fibrous curtain.

  18. Lignitic fibrous xylite as substrate soil; Braunkohlenfaserxylit als Substratboden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schroeder, H.W.; Naundorf, W.; Strassburger, U. [Freiberg Univ. of Mining and Technology (Germany)

    2005-03-01

    Substrate soils are used in large quantities for cultivating vegetables, flowers, and ornamental plants in greenhouses as well as for growing trees and shrubs. Peat, coconut fibers as weel as high-grade composts, for example from barks and rice husks, are used primarily for the production of substrate soils. During growth, the substrate soils fulfill essential physical functions such as water and nutrient supply, water storage, soil aeration, and rooting capacity. This article presents the results of tests which were to determine if fibrous xylite from Lausitz lignite could also fulfill these soil functions. Neogene Lausitz lignites contain high proportions of high-grade fibrous xylite. The fibrous xylite has an extensive interstratification with the detritic coal matrix. By means of a special comminution/classification technology, the fibrous xylite is separated in pure form from the coal matrix. The almost coal-free fibrous xylite has many positive properties which lead to the assumption that xylite is suitable as substrate soil. Fibrous xylite's ability to function as a soil modifier has already been reported. Thus, fibrous xylite is a high-grade soil modifier if it is mixed with other soil in proportions of {>=}20 vol.-%. By adding fibrous xylite, the fertility of particularly inefficient soils such as, for example, excavation residue, sandy soil, or limestone soil can be improved significantly. (orig.)

  19. Marfan syndrome with multiseptate pneumothorax and mandibular fibrous dysplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kate A

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe a rare case of pneumothorax due to Marfan syndrome associated with fibrous dysplasia of the mandible. Marfan syndrome and fibrous dysplasia were possibly due to a common etiological factor. The association between the two and other tumors described in literature related to Marfan syndrome is discussed.

  20. [Malignant hyperthermia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metterlein, T; Schuster, F; Graf, B M; Anetseder, M

    2014-12-01

    Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a rare hereditary, mostly subclinical myopathy. Trigger substances, such as volatile anesthetic agents and the depolarizing muscle relaxant succinylcholine can induce a potentially fatal metabolic increase in predisposed patients caused by a dysregulation of the myoplasmic calcium (Ca) concentration. Mutations in the dihydropyridine ryanodine receptor complex in combination with the trigger substances are responsible for an uncontrolled release of Ca from the sarcoplasmic reticulum. This leads to activation of the contractile apparatus and a massive increase in cellular energy production. Exhaustion of the cellular energy reserves ultimately results in local muscle cell destruction and subsequent cardiovascular failure. The clinical picture of MH episodes is very variable. Early symptoms are hypoxia, hypercapnia and cardiac arrhythmia whereas the body temperature rise, after which MH is named, often occurs later. Decisive for the course of MH episodes is a timely targeted therapy. Following introduction of the hydantoin derivative dantrolene, the previously high mortality of fulminant MH episodes could be reduced to well under 10?%. An MH predisposition can be detected using the invasive in vitro contracture test (IVCT) or mutation analysis. Few elaborate diagnostic procedures are in the developmental stage. PMID:25384957

  1. FIBROUS DYSPLASIA IN THE MAXILLO-MANDIBULAR REGION – case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radka Cholakova

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Craniofacial fibrous dysplasia is 1 of 3 types of fibrous dysplasia that can affect the bones of the craniofacial complex, including the mandible and maxilla.Fibrous displasia is a skeletal developmental disorder of the bone-forming mesenchyme that manifests as a defect in osteoblastic differentiation and maturation. It is a lesion of unknown etiology, uncertain pathogenesis, and diverse histopathology. Fibrous dysplasia represents about 2, 5% of all bone tumors and over 7% of all benign tumours.The aim of this article is to represent a rare case of bilateral fibrous dysplasia of the upper and lower jaws, in combination with Intellectual disability (previously called mental retardation. The clinical diagnostic approach including imaging studies: Orthopantomogram (OPG and 3D tomography is described. Histological examination was also essential for obtaining a definitive diagnosis.

  2. Electrospun nanocomposite fibrous polymer electrolyte for secondary lithium battery applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hybrid nanocomposite [poly(vinylidene fluoride -co- hexafluoropropylene) (PVdF-co-HFP)/magnesium aluminate (MgAl2O4)] fibrous polymer membranes were prepared by electrospinning method. The prepared pure and nanocomposite fibrous polymer electrolyte membranes were soaked into the liquid electrolyte 1M LiPF6 in EC: DEC (1:1,v/v). XRD and SEM are used to study the structural and morphological studies of nanocomposite electrospun fibrous polymer membranes. The nanocomposite fibrous polymer electrolyte membrane with 5 wt.% of MgAl2O4 exhibits high ionic conductivity of 2.80 × 10?3 S/cm at room temperature. The charge-discharge capacity of Li/LiCoO2 coin cells composed of the newly prepared nanocomposite [(16 wt.%) PVdF-co-HFP+(5 wt.%) MgAl2O4] fibrous polymer electrolyte membrane was also studied and compared with commercial Celgard separator

  3. Geotechnical Challenges in Numerical Modelling of Sarawak Fibrous Peat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seneviratne Nimal

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In Sarawak, about 13% of the total land area is covered with recent peat deposits. A complex mechanism of plant growth and peat accumulation with time has led to formation of flat topped peat domes. Dome centre consists of highly fibrous ombrogeneous peat. Topogeneous peat found in the fringes of peat domes and in interior floodplains, consists of a mixture of decomposed plant matter and fine clastic sediments. Mechanical behaviour of fibrous peat is influenced by the arrangement of fibre. The present study shows that fibrous peat as well as temperate peat conforms to a unique dry density - moisture content relationship. A preliminary study has been carried out in developing a cellular model of fibrous peat. The finite element analysis of time dependent stress strain behaviour performed using this model shows interesting results and promise of application in understanding the behaviour of fibrous peat.

  4. Malignant lymphoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the background and treatment, especially focusing on radiotherapy (RT), of stage I-II malignant lymphoma (ML) occurring in head and neck. For diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, the most frequently occurring ML in Japan (about 40% of all MLs), the current standard protocol involves 3 cycles of chemotherapy (CT) like rituximab to cyclophosphamide/doxorubicin/vincristine/predonisolone (CHOP) regimen followed by RT. Authors use the dose around 30 Gy/15 fr for CR patients after CHOP and 40-50 Gy/20-25 fr for PR ones. Recurrence scarcely occurs in the RT target region. However, significance of RT is still somehow controversial in this ML and addition of CHOP is currently noted. Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma (8.45% of Japanese ML) occurs mainly in glands and orbit and may be related with Chlamydia infection. RT is usually conducted to the whole organ with lesion as the clinical target with fractionated 30 Gy. Nasal NK/T cell lymphoma (2.6%), possibly associated with Epstein-Barr (EB) virus, is usually resistant to CHOP. Recommended is CT after RT with the dose of 50-54 Gy and depending on the target site, advanced RT like intensity-modified one is desirable. Hodgkin lymphoma (about 5%) occurs in lymph node and is derived from B-lymphocyte. Irradiation field involves the region of the disease node or that additionally including its neighbors and doses of about 20 Gy and 30 Gy are given in child and adult patients, respectively. For follicular and other tissue type lymphomas, noted are novel therapies like rituximab-combined CT, immuno-RT with 90Y-ibritumomab and 131I-tositumomab. Recently, positron emission tomography (PET) is essential for treatment assessment of the clinical response of ML in the guideline. (R.T.)

  5. Method of manufacturing fibrous hemostatic bandages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Gustavo; Spretz, Ruben; Velarde-Ortiz, Raffet

    2012-09-04

    A method of manufacturing a sturdy and pliable fibrous hemostatic dressing by making fibers that maximally expose surface area per unit weight of active ingredients as a means for aiding in the clot forming process and as a means of minimizing waste of active ingredients. The method uses a rotating object to spin off a liquid biocompatible fiber precursor, which is added at its center. Fibers formed then deposit on a collector located at a distance from the rotating object creating a fiber layer on the collector. An electrical potential difference is maintained between the rotating disk and the collector. Then, a liquid procoagulation species is introduced at the center of the rotating disk such that it spins off the rotating disk and coats the fibers.

  6. Cutaneous changes in fibrous hamartoma of infancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar F-Eire

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Only a few published case of fibrous hamartoma of infancy (FHI have commented on the changes in the overlying skin. There are descriptions of individual cases with cutaneous hyperpigmentation, hypertrichosis and hyperhidrosis. It is interesting to describe our case because, to our knowledge, the altered pigmentation of the overlying skin, with hairs on the surface, and eccrine gland hyperplasia combined with abortive hair follicles has not been reported together in association with the FHI. We recommend that all the biopsies must be excisional including overlying skin, thus the epidermal and dermal adnexal changes can be assessed in the microscopic evaluation which could have relevant implications from clinical and embryological point of view.

  7. Malignant hyperthermia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pollock Neil

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Malignant hyperthermia (MH is a pharmacogenetic disorder of skeletal muscle that presents as a hypermetabolic response to potent volatile anesthetic gases such as halothane, sevoflurane, desflurane and the depolarizing muscle relaxant succinylcholine, and rarely, in humans, to stresses such as vigorous exercise and heat. The incidence of MH reactions ranges from 1:5,000 to 1:50,000–100,000 anesthesias. However, the prevalence of the genetic abnormalities may be as great as one in 3,000 individuals. MH affects humans, certain pig breeds, dogs, horses, and probably other animals. The classic signs of MH include hyperthermia to marked degree, tachycardia, tachypnea, increased carbon dioxide production, increased oxygen consumption, acidosis, muscle rigidity, and rhabdomyolysis, all related to a hypermetabolic response. The syndrome is likely to be fatal if untreated. Early recognition of the signs of MH, specifically elevation of end-expired carbon dioxide, provides the clinical diagnostic clues. In humans the syndrome is inherited in autosomal dominant pattern, while in pigs in autosomal recessive. The pathophysiologic changes of MH are due to uncontrolled rise of myoplasmic calcium, which activates biochemical processes related to muscle activation. Due to ATP depletion, the muscle membrane integrity is compromised leading to hyperkalemia and rhabdomyolysis. In most cases, the syndrome is caused by a defect in the ryanodine receptor. Over 90 mutations have been identified in the RYR-1 gene located on chromosome 19q13.1, and at least 25 are causal for MH. Diagnostic testing relies on assessing the in vitro contracture response of biopsied muscle to halothane, caffeine, and other drugs. Elucidation of the genetic changes has led to the introduction, on a limited basis so far, of genetic testing for susceptibility to MH. As the sensitivity of genetic testing increases, molecular genetics will be used for identifying those at risk with greater frequency. Dantrolene sodium is a specific antagonist of the pathophysiologic changes of MH and should be available wherever general anesthesia is administered. Thanks to the dramatic progress in understanding the clinical manifestation and pathophysiology of the syndrome, the mortality from MH has dropped from over 80% thirty years ago to less than 5%.

  8. Ehlers-Danlos syndrome with monostotic fibrous dysplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rao A

    1979-01-01

    Full Text Available An unusual case of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome with monostotic fibrous dysplasia of the humorus is presented. The other orthopae-dic manifestations, its complications and associated features are re-viewed and summarised.

  9. Impregnated Fibrous Materials. Report of a Study Group on Impregnated Fibrous Materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There has recently been renewed interest in the use of radiation from radioisotopes or particle accelerators to initiate and sustain chemical reactions. Particular attention is being paid to the production of wood-plastic composites, a process which is now a commercial reality with radiation competing against chemical methods to enhance the properties of wood. It has been reported that water repellancy, hardness, weathering, insect and chemical resistance, compressive, bending and shear strength can be significantly improved by the process, but so far there has been a limited commercial outlet for the product. Papers on this subject were presented at the International Atomic Energy Agency's Symposium on Industrial Uses of Large Radiation Sources, Salzburg, May 1963, and since then the Agency has been aware of the interest of developing countries in conducting research on wood and other fibrous materials as a means of further exploiting natural resources. It was felt that some attempt should be made to co-ordinate, on a regional basis, the work being done in this field and at the same time review the world status, including the associated technology in such areas as monomer-polymer chemistry and impregnation techniques where they are directly related to this work. Because of the wide range of fibrous materials being studied there, Asia and the Far East was chosen as the most representative area and 39 participants from 13 countries, and from international organizations, met in Bangkok from 20 to 24 November 1967 to assess the potential of impregnated fibrous materials. This report is a record of the meeting and is based not only on work performed both inside and outside the region but also on details of the resources and industries in the area

  10. Intracranial solitary fibrous tumor: Imaging findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study the neuroimaging features of intracranial solitary fibrous tumors (ISFTs). Materials and methods: Retrospective study of neuroimaging features of 9 consecutive histopathologically proven ISFT cases. Location, size, shape, density, signal intensity and gadolinium uptake were studied at CT and MRI. Data collected from diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) (3 patients), perfusion imaging and MR spectroscopy (2 patients), and DSA (4 patients) were also analyzed. Results: The tumors most frequently arose from the intracranial meninges (7/9), while the other lesions were intraventricular. Tumor size ranged from 2.5 to 10 cm (mean = 6.6 cm). They presented multilobular shape in 6/9 patients. Most ISFTs were heterogeneous (7/9) with areas of low T2 signal intensity that strongly enhanced after gadolinium administration (6/8). Erosion of the skull was present in about half of the cases (4/9). Components with decreased apparent diffusion coefficient were seen in 2/3 ISFTs on DWI. Spectroscopy revealed elevated peaks of choline and myo-inositol. MR perfusion showed features of hyperperfusion. Conclusion: ISFT should be considered in cases of extra-axial, supratentorial, heterogeneous, hypervascular tumor. Areas of low T2 signal intensity that strongly enhance after gadolinium injection are suggestive of this diagnosis. Restricted diffusion and elevated peak of myo-inositol may be additional valuable features.

  11. Intracranial solitary fibrous tumor: Imaging findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clarencon, Frederic, E-mail: fredclare5@msn.com [Department of Neuroradiology, Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital, APHP, 75013 Paris (France); Bonneville, Fabrice [Department of Neuroradiology, Hopital Rangueil, Toulouse University Hospital, 31000 Toulouse (France); Rousseau, Audrey [Department of Neuropathology, Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital (France); Galanaud, Damien [Department of Neuroradiology, Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital, APHP, 75013 Paris (France); Kujas, Michele [Department of Neuropathology, Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital (France); Naggara, Olivier [Department of Neuroradiology, St Anne Hospital, 75014 Paris (France); Cornu, Philippe [Department of Neurosurgery, Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital (France); Chiras, Jacques [Department of Neuroradiology, Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital, APHP, 75013 Paris (France)

    2011-11-15

    Objective: To study the neuroimaging features of intracranial solitary fibrous tumors (ISFTs). Materials and methods: Retrospective study of neuroimaging features of 9 consecutive histopathologically proven ISFT cases. Location, size, shape, density, signal intensity and gadolinium uptake were studied at CT and MRI. Data collected from diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) (3 patients), perfusion imaging and MR spectroscopy (2 patients), and DSA (4 patients) were also analyzed. Results: The tumors most frequently arose from the intracranial meninges (7/9), while the other lesions were intraventricular. Tumor size ranged from 2.5 to 10 cm (mean = 6.6 cm). They presented multilobular shape in 6/9 patients. Most ISFTs were heterogeneous (7/9) with areas of low T2 signal intensity that strongly enhanced after gadolinium administration (6/8). Erosion of the skull was present in about half of the cases (4/9). Components with decreased apparent diffusion coefficient were seen in 2/3 ISFTs on DWI. Spectroscopy revealed elevated peaks of choline and myo-inositol. MR perfusion showed features of hyperperfusion. Conclusion: ISFT should be considered in cases of extra-axial, supratentorial, heterogeneous, hypervascular tumor. Areas of low T2 signal intensity that strongly enhance after gadolinium injection are suggestive of this diagnosis. Restricted diffusion and elevated peak of myo-inositol may be additional valuable features.

  12. Fibrous ingluvial foreign bodies in 33 cockatiels (Nymphicus hollandicus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenwax, A C; Cowan, M L

    2015-10-01

    The presentation, treatment and outcomes of 33 ingluvial fibrous foreign bodies in cockatiels (Nymphicus hollandicus) are described. Vomiting, lethargy and weight loss were the most common presenting signs. Diagnosis was made on palpation of a mass in the crop (ingluvies). Both surgical and non-surgical treatment regimens were evaluated. The overall mortality rate was 33%, suggesting fibrous materials are not safe for cockatiels to groom or ingest and should not be offered as cage accessories. PMID:26412121

  13. Effects of compression on the sound absorption of fibrous

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Castagnede, Bernard; Akninen, Achour

    2000-01-01

    During the compression of a fibrous mat, it is well known that the absorption properties are decreasing. In order to predict this change, some heuristic formulae are proposed which take into account the modifications of the physical parameters(porosity, resistivity, tortousity and shappe factors) which enter in the standard "equivalent fluid" model. Numerical predictions are then discussed and compared to experimental data obtained on a fibrous material(uncompressed and the compressed) used in automotive industry.

  14. Silica Microspheres with Fibrous Shells: Synthesis and Application in HPLC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qu, Qishu; Min, Yi; Zhang, Lihua; Xu, Qin; Yin, Yadong

    2015-10-01

    Monodispersed silica spheres with solid core and fibrous shell were successfully synthesized using a biphase reaction. Both the thickness and the pore size of the fibrous shell could be finely tuned by changing the stirring rate during synthesis. When stirring was adjusted from 0 to 800 rpm, the thickness of the shell could be tuned from 13 to 67 nm and the pore size from 5 to 16 nm. By continuously adjusting the stirring rate, fibrous shells with hierarchical pore structure ranged from 10 to 28 nm and thickness up to 200 nm could be obtained in one pot. We demonstrate that fibrous shells with controllable thickness and pore size could be coated on silica cores with diameters from 0.5 to 3 ?m while maintaining the monodispersity of the particles. As a result of the unique fibrous structure, the BET surface area could reach ?233 m(2) g(-1) even though the shell thickness was less than 150 nm. The core-shell particles were modified with C18, packed, and then used in high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) separation, showing separation performance as high as 2.25 × 10(5) plates m(-1) for naphthalene and back pressure as low as 5.8 MPa. These silica microspheres with fibrous shells are expected to have great potential for practical applications in HPLC. PMID:26321588

  15. Malignant lymphoma in central nervous system (CNS)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 71-year-old male was admitted to Kohka Public Hospital on January 4, 1980, because of frequent vomiting and recent memory loss. Two weeks before admission upper G-I series showed no abnormalities. Physical and neurological examinations revealed no abnormalities except for slightly apathetic appearance and recent memory loss. Mild pleocytosis and marked increase of protein in CSF were observed. CT scan on January 17 showed high density areas in both medial sides of temporal lobes with remarkable contrast enhancement. His memory and, consciousness disturbances gradually aggravated, accompanied by abnormal density spreading around the ventricle walls like ventriculitis. He was transfered to Kyoto University Hospital on March 17, and malignant lymphoma was diagnosed on the basis of CSF cytology. Radiation and chemotherapy alleviated the CNS involvement and he regained normal mental function. On June 16, he developed pneumonia followed by status epilepticus. Autopsy findings revealed no lymphoid cell infiltration, but fibrous tissues in both hippocampal gyri and lymphomatous cells in the liver, which could not be suspected on clinical examinations. Apparent malignant lymphoma cells were not found in lymph nodes. This case indicated peculiar evolution of malignant lymphoma from liver to CNS or vice versa. We could not decide which organ was primary. CT findings of this case was very interesting; they resembled ventriculitis, which simulate tumors such as medulloblastoma or ependymoma spreading under ependymal lining. (author)

  16. Malignant bone tumors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Clinicoroentgenologic semiotics of malignant bone tumors as well as metastatic bone tumors are presented. Diagnosis of malignant and metastatic bone tumors should be always complex, representing a result of cooperation of a physician, roentgenologist, pathoanatomist

  17. A call to expand regulation to all carcinogenic fibrous minerals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumann, F.; Steele, I.; Ambrosi, J.; Carbone, M.

    2013-05-01

    The regulatory term "asbestos" groups only the six fibrous minerals that were commercially used among approximately 400. The carcinogenicity of these six regulated minerals has been largely demonstrated and is related to fiber structure, fiber length/diameter ratio, and bio-persistence. From a public perception, the generic term "asbestos" refers to the fibrous minerals that cause asbestosis, mesothelioma and other cancers. However, other non-regulated fibrous minerals are potentially as dangerous as the regulatory asbestos because they share similar physical and chemical properties, epidemiological studies have demonstrated their relationship with asbestos-related diseases, and both in vitro and in vivo experiments have established the toxicity of these minerals. For example, the non-regulated asbestiform winchite and richterite minerals that contaminated the vermiculite mined from Libby, Montana, (USA) were associated with mesothelioma, lung cancer and asbestosis observed among the area's residents and miners. Many other examples of non-regulated carcinogenic fibrous minerals include, but are not limited to, antigorite, arfvedsonite, balangeroite, carlosturanite, erionite, fluoro-edenite, hornblende, mordenite, palygorskite, and sepiolite. To propose a regulatory definition that would provide protection from all carcinogenic fibers, we have conducted an interdisciplinary literature review to compare the characteristics of "asbestos" and of non-regulated mineral fibers that relate to carcinogenicity. We specifically studied two non-regulated fibrous minerals that are associated with asbestos-related diseases: the serpentine antigorite and the zeolite erionite. Both examples underscore the problem of regulation based on commercial, rather than scientific principles: 1) the occurrence of fibrous antigorite in materials used to pave roads has been correlated with high mesothelioma rates in New Caledonia. Antigorite was also the cause of asbestosis in Poland, and in vitro and in vivo studies have shown its toxic and carcinogenic properties; 2) the carcinogenic properties of erionite have been demonstrated, and erionite has been associated with a mesothelioma epidemic in Anatolia, Turkey. Erionite is also widespread in areas of north central USA, where it is contained in gravel paving stone, and is cause for concern due to increased commercial traffic. Numerous studies have shown that non-regulated fibrous materials pose similar health hazards to regulated "asbestos". An increase in human activities in areas where these fibrous minerals are present, such as in surficial rock and soil, will result in the generation of airborne dust, exposing people to carcinogenic fibers. The current limited regulation leads people to believe that only the six mineral fibers referred to as "asbestos" are dangerous. We propose that fibrous minerals should be regulated as a single group, as they have similar deleterious effects on the human body. Regulations would be simplified and more effective if they embrace all carcinogenic fibrous minerals.

  18. Tumor fibroso solitário maligno de extremidades Malignant solitary fibrous tumour of the extremities

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Chang; Cláudia Regina Gomes Cardim Mendes de Oliveira; Carlos Fernando Saito

    2010-01-01

    Tumor fibroso solitário extrapleural (TFS) é neoplasia mesenquimal rara, sendo que há menos de 40 casos descritos com localização em extremidades até o presente momento. Acomete preferencialmente pacientes na quinta década e não tem predileção por sexo. Relatamos um caso com os aspectos clínicos, radiológicos, histológicos e imunoistoquímicos característicos, discutindo a importância do diagnóstico diferencial com outros sarcomas.Pouco é conhecido sobre o comportamento biológico do TFS. Fator...

  19. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy of fibrous proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millington, Keith R

    2012-09-01

    UV-visible diffuse reflectance (DR) spectra of the fibrous proteins wool and feather keratin, silk fibroin and bovine skin collagen are presented. Natural wool contains much higher levels of visible chromophores across the whole visible range (700-400 nm) than the other proteins and only those above 450 nm are effectively removed by bleaching. Both oxidative and reductive bleaching are inefficient for removing yellow chromophores (450-400 nm absorbers) from wool. The DR spectra of the four UV-absorbing amino acids tryptophan, tyrosine, cystine and phenylalanine were recorded as finely ground powders. In contrast to their UV-visible spectra in aqueous solution where tryptophan and tyrosine are the major UV absorbing species, surprisingly the disulphide chromophore of solid cystine has the strongest UV absorbance measured using the DR remission function F(R)(?). The DR spectra of unpigmented feather and wool keratin appear to be dominated by cystine absorption near 290 nm, whereas silk fibroin appears similar to tyrosine. Because cystine has a flat reflectance spectrum in the visible region from 700 to 400 nm and the powder therefore appears white, cystine absorption does not contribute to the cream colour of wool despite the high concentration of cystine residues near the cuticle surface. The disulphide absorption of solid L: -cystine in the DR spectrum at 290 nm is significantly red shifted by ~40 nm relative to its wavelength in solution, whereas homocystine and lipoic acid showed smaller red shifts of 20 nm. The large red shift observed for cystine and the large difference in intensity of absorption in its UV-visible and DR spectra may be due to differences in the dihedral angle between the crystalline solid and the solvated molecules in solution. PMID:22218994

  20. Recurring fibrous dysplasia of anthro maxillary with cranial base invasion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sousa, Kátia Maria Marabuco de

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Fibrous dysplasia is an osseous lesion with an unknown etiology. It is characterized by the osseous maturation insufficiency. It may affect any bone, but the affection of craniofacial bones is the most critical for otorhinolaryngology. Maxilla is the most affected facial bone and the orbitary invasion is an uncommon event. The symptoms are unspecific and for its low suspicion and uncommonness, the diagnosis is generally late. The monostotic form presents a slow growth and asymptomatic course and needs to be followed up. The polyostotic type has a progressive behavior and is associated to recurrence and complications. Objective: To present two cases of patients with fibrous dysplasia diagnosis and describe the clinical presentation, radiological findings and the treatment of this pathology. Cases Report: Two cases of fibrous dysplasia are reported, which initially presented unspecific symptomatology, but with characteristic radiologic signs. They were submitted to surgical treatment for resection of the lesions and evolved with frequent recurrences with extensive affection of the facial sinuses, one patient had cranial base invasion and frontal craniotomy was needed for tumoral excision. Final Comments: Fibrous dysplasia is an uncommon osteopathy. The tomography is the choice method for characterization of the tumoral expansion, and helps in the surgical planning. The surgical strategy is indicated for symptomatic lesions, functions alterations or anatomic disorders. This article describes two uncommon manifestations of recurrent fibrous dysplasia with an extensive affection of anthro maxillary, ethmoidal and sphenoid sinuses, in addition to orbitary and cranial base invasion.

  1. Electrospun nanocomposite fibrous polymer electrolyte for secondary lithium battery applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Padmaraj, O.; Rao, B. Nageswara; Jena, Paramananda; Satyanarayana, N., E-mail: nallanis2011@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Pondicherry University, Pondicherry-605014 (India); Venkateswarlu, M. [R and D, Amaraja batteries, Thirupathi-517501 (India)

    2014-04-24

    Hybrid nanocomposite [poly(vinylidene fluoride -co- hexafluoropropylene) (PVdF-co-HFP)/magnesium aluminate (MgAl{sub 2}O{sub 4})] fibrous polymer membranes were prepared by electrospinning method. The prepared pure and nanocomposite fibrous polymer electrolyte membranes were soaked into the liquid electrolyte 1M LiPF{sub 6} in EC: DEC (1:1,v/v). XRD and SEM are used to study the structural and morphological studies of nanocomposite electrospun fibrous polymer membranes. The nanocomposite fibrous polymer electrolyte membrane with 5 wt.% of MgAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} exhibits high ionic conductivity of 2.80 × 10{sup ?3} S/cm at room temperature. The charge-discharge capacity of Li/LiCoO{sub 2} coin cells composed of the newly prepared nanocomposite [(16 wt.%) PVdF-co-HFP+(5 wt.%) MgAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}] fibrous polymer electrolyte membrane was also studied and compared with commercial Celgard separator.

  2. Stress transfer through fibrous materials in wicking experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monaenkova, Daria; Andrukh, Taras; Kornev, Konstantin

    2009-11-01

    Due to the recent progress in preparation of fibers and nanofibers with different properties, the idea of smart textiles attracts much attention. In many situations the probes and sensors are designed for bio fluid detection. The liquid penetration in fibrous materials causes their deformations including stretching, twisting, wrinkling, buckling etc. The most of researches on wicking properties of textiles are focused on determination of media permeability and ignore the specific features of fibrous materials. On the other hand the theoretical works on quantitative analysis of the deformation effects in porous materials filled with liquids are mostly focused on deformation of fully saturated samples. The fundamental understanding of the stress transfer through the fiber network is crucial for sensors development, but to the best of our knowledge, the stress analysis in the fibrous materials absorbing liquids has never been discussed in the literature. This paper sets a physical basis for analysis of absorption processes in nanotubular and nanofibrous materials. We study absorption of droplets by yarns and webs made of fibers, develop a theory which explains the stress distribution in fibrous materials and checked this theory on wicking experiments. The reported theory and experiments propose a new area of research on absorption-induced deformations of fibrous materials.

  3. Craniofacial fibrous dysplasia - A review of current management techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yadavalli Guruprasad

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Fibrous dysplasia is a pathologic condition of bone of unknown etiology with no apparent familial, hereditary or congenital basis. Lichtenstein first coined the term in 1938 and in 1942 he and Jaffe separated it from other fibro-osseous lesions. It is a bone tumor that, although benign, has the potential to cause significant cosmetic and functional disturbance, particularly in the craniofacial skeleton. Its management poses significant challenges to the surgeon. Craniofacial fibrous dysplasia is 1 of 3 types of fibrous dysplasia that can affect the bones of the craniofacial complex, including the mandible and maxilla. Fibrous dysplasia is a skeletal developmental disorder of the bone-forming mesenchyme that manifests as a defect in osteoblastic differentiation and maturation. It is a lesion of unknown etiology, uncertain pathogenesis, and diverse histopathology. Fibrous dysplasia represents about 2, 5% of all bone tumors and over 7% of all benign tumours. Over the years, we have gained a better understanding of its etiology, clinical behavior, and both surgical and non-surgical treatments.

  4. Fibrous dysplasia of the jaws: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chindia, M L

    1991-04-01

    This article reviews the present clinical, radiographic and histologic features of fibrous dysplastic lesions of the jaws. A case is presented of an apparently reactivated fibrous dysplastic jaw lesion, with evidence of cystic degeneration, in a 33-year-old female school-teacher who was first seen at the Department of Dental Surgery, University of Nairobi in March 1986. The dilemma in the management of fibrous dysplasia is reviewed and discussed. It is noted that while conservative surgical procedures remain the treatment of choice, situations arise where tremendous tissue activity would require early intervention by numerous cosmetic surgical shaving procedures. The present case, however, offers a unique management challenge due to the occurrence of extensive cystic degeneration in the mandible. PMID:1914982

  5. A solitary fibrous tumor of the retroperitoneum: CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Jeong Min; Kim, Chong Soo; Lee, Dong Keun; Cho, Baek Hwan [Chonbuk National Univ. College of Medicine, Chunju (Korea, Republic of); Han, Hyun Young [Euljy Mecical School, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-01-01

    The solitary fibrous tumor is a rare spindle cell neoplasm of mesodermal origin. It usually arises in the pleura, though has recently been reported in the peritoneum and at nonserosal sites ; it is, however, extremely rare in the retroperitonum. The authors describe one case of a solitary fibrous tumor that occurred as a huge complex mass in the retroperitoneum of an adult. Preenhanced CT scans showed that the mass was sharply delineated from surrounding organs and that tumor density was the same as that of surrounding musculature. Peripheral Calcifications were noted, and postenhanced scans showed intense, gradual enhancement of solid portions of the mass, with nonenhanced cystic portions. Although not specific, solitary fibrous tumors must be included in the differential diagnosis of a large retroperitoneal tumor of complex consistency and with internal calcification.

  6. Frontorbital Fibrous Dysplasia Resection and Reconstruction With Custom Polyetherlatone Alloplast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nahumi, Nadav; Shohet, Michael R; Bederson, Joshua B; Elahi, Ebrahim

    2015-11-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a benign, pathological development of bone. Craniofacial bones are the most commonly involved and can potentially cause visual disturbance, proptosis, orbital dystopia, and facial deformity. This case involves a 13-year-old girl with significant proptosis (20?mm left, 17.5?mm right) and downward displacement of the left globe (1.5?mm) due to fibrous dysplasia. Reconstruction was performed with computed tomography-derived and 3D printed custom polyetheretherketone (PEEK) implantation. PEEK is a nonabsorbable, nonporous thermoplastic polymer notable for its ability to be modified intraoperatively and ideal imaging properties postoperatively. Never, to our knowledge, has PEEK been used for primary reconstruction of the frontal orbital region in fibrous dysplasia in a child. The lesion was successfully repaired with excellent aesthetic and no apparent damage to neurovascular or ocular structures. PMID:26594985

  7. Polyostotic Fibrous Dysplasia of Cranio-Maxillofacial Area

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fibrous dysplasia is believed to be a hamartomatous developmental lesion of unknown origin. This disease is divided into monostotic and polyostotic fibrous dysplasia. Polyostotic type can be divided into craniofacial type, Lichtenstein-Jaffe type, and McCune-Albright syndrome. In this case, a 31-year-old female presented spontaneous loss of right mandibular teeth before 5 years and has shown continuous expansion of right mandibular alveolus. Through the radiographic view, the coarse pattern of the mixed radiopaque-lucent lesion was seen on the right mandibular body, and there was diffuse pattern of the mixed radiopaque-lucent lesion with ill-defined margin in the left mandibular body. In the right calvarium, the lesion had cotton-wool appearance. Partial excision for contouring, multiple extraction, and alveoloplasty were accomplished under general anesthesia for supportive treatment. Finally we could conclude this case was polyostotic fibrous dysplasia of cranio-maxillofacial area based on the clinical, radiologic finding, and histopathologic examination.

  8. Fibrous minerals from Somma-Vesuvius volcanic complex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossi, Manuela; Nestola, Fabrizio; Ghiara, Maria R.; Capitelli, Francesco

    2016-01-01

    A survey on fibrous minerals coming from the densely populated area of Campania around the Somma-Vesuvius volcanic complex (Italy) was performed by means of a multi-methodological approach, based on morphological analyses, EMPA/WDS and SEM/EDS applications, and unit-cell determination through X-ray diffraction data. Such mineralogical investigation aims to provide suitable tools to the identification of fibrous natural phases, to improve the knowledge of both geochemical, petrogenetic and regional mineralogy of Somma-Vesuvius area, and to emphasize the presence of minerals with fibrous habit in all volcanic environments. The survey also fits well in the calls of health and environment of Horizon 2020 program of the European Commission (Climate Action, Environment, Resource Efficiency and Raw Materials).

  9. Heat Transfer in High-Temperature Fibrous Insulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daryabeigi, Kamran

    2002-01-01

    The combined radiation/conduction heat transfer in high-porosity, high-temperature fibrous insulations was investigated experimentally and numerically. The effective thermal conductivity of fibrous insulation samples was measured over the temperature range of 300-1300 K and environmental pressure range of 1.33 x 10(exp -5)-101.32 kPa. The fibrous insulation samples tested had nominal densities of 24, 48, and 72 kilograms per cubic meter and thicknesses of 13.3, 26.6 and 39.9 millimeters. Seven samples were tested such that the applied heat flux vector was aligned with local gravity vector to eliminate natural convection as a mode of heat transfer. Two samples were tested with reverse orientation to investigate natural convection effects. It was determined that for the fibrous insulation densities and thicknesses investigated no heat transfer takes place through natural convection. A finite volume numerical model was developed to solve the governing combined radiation and conduction heat transfer equations. Various methods of modeling the gas/solid conduction interaction in fibrous insulations were investigated. The radiation heat transfer was modeled using the modified two-flux approximation assuming anisotropic scattering and gray medium. A genetic-algorithm based parameter estimation technique was utilized with this model to determine the relevant radiative properties of the fibrous insulation over the temperature range of 300-1300 K. The parameter estimation was performed by least square minimization of the difference between measured and predicted values of effective thermal conductivity at a density of 24 kilograms per cubic meters and at nominal pressures of 1.33 x 10(exp -4) and 99.98 kPa. The numerical model was validated by comparison with steady-state effective thermal conductivity measurements at other densities and pressures. The numerical model was also validated by comparison with a transient thermal test simulating reentry aerodynamic heating conditions.

  10. New nitrogen-phosphorus-containing fibrous ionites for water purification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    New nitrogen-containing nitron fiber based fibrous ionites, which are effective sorbents of heavy and non-ferrous metals from aqueous solutions containing salts CuCl, NiCl2, CoCl2, ZnCl2, CdCl2, Pb(NO3)2 in dynamic conditions, have been prepared as a result of two-phase synthesis. Sorption of cadmium ions from dilute solutions containing calcium ions as in static so dynamic conditions is possible. High sorption activity, good kinetic properties and convenient form of fibrous ionites for the separation of heavy metals are demonstrated by means of conducted investigations

  11. Spatial variability of void structure in thin stochastic fibrous materials

    CERN Document Server

    Sampson, William W

    2011-01-01

    Theory is presented for the distributions of local process intensity and local average pore dimensions in random fibrous materials. For complete partitioning of the network into contiguous square zones, the variance of local process intensity is shown to be proportional to the mean process intensity and inversely proportional to the zone size. The coefficient of variation of local average pore area is shown to be approximately double that of the local average pore diameter with both properties being inversely proportional to the square root of zone size and mean process intensity. The results have relevance to heterogenous near-planar fibrous materials including paper, nonwoven textiles, nanofibrous composites and electrospun polymer fibre networks.

  12. Case for diagnosis Caso para diagnóstico

    OpenAIRE

    Mariana Hammerschmidt; Luciana Menezes de Azevedo; Anelisa Ruaro; Betina Werner; Alexandre do Nascimento; Ézio Augusto Amaral Filho

    2012-01-01

    Atypical fibroxanthoma is a rare cutaneous tumor found mainly in elderly people on sun-exposed areas of the body. Histologically, atypical fibroxanthoma is considered a malignant fibrous histiocytoma with bizarre neoplastic cells, marked pleomorphism, hyperchromatic nuclei and abundant mitoses. It must be differentiated from other skin tumors, usually by immunohistochemistry, since its diagnosis is made by exclusion.O fibroxantoma atípico é um tipo de neoplasia cutânea maligna rara, encontrad...

  13. Case for diagnosis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Felipe Maurício Soeiro, Sampaio; Gustavo Vieira, Gualberto; Fernando Gustavo Mósca de, Cerqueira; Ana Maria Mósca de, Cerqueira; Curt Mafra, Treu; Thiago Jeunon de Sousa, Vargas.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available We report the case of an 11-year-old male patient with a histopathological and immunohistochemical diagnosis of dermatofibroma with an atypical clinical presentation on the right forearm. Although dermatofibroma is considered a benign skin tumor, some of its differential diagnoses, such as dermatofi [...] brosarcoma protuberans and malignant fibrous histiocytoma, are truly aggressive. Lesions with atypical clinical aspects and topology associated with specific histopathological variants are some of the criteria for complete tumor excision.

  14. Long-term survivor of relapsed MFH on the thigh treated with autologous formalin-fixed tumor vaccine (AFTV) combined with limb-sparing surgery and radiotherapy

    OpenAIRE

    Todoroki, Takeshi; KONDO, TADASHI; SUGAHARA, SHINJI; Morishita, Yukio; Mori, Kensaku; Ohno, Tadao

    2011-01-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is an aggressive spindle cell cancer of soft-tissue sarcoma type in the elderly, mostly affecting the extremities. Lesions > 5 cm, positive margins, and local recurrence are significant poor prognostic indicators. The strongest predictor for distant metastasis was tumor size (> 5 cm), and for overall survival, presence of local recurrence. Limb-sparing extensive tumor resection is preferred to achieve negative surgical margins. However, in some circumstanc...

  15. Long-term survivor of relapsed MFH on the thigh treated with autologous formalin-fixed tumor vaccine (AFTV) combined with limb-sparing surgery and radiotherapy

    OpenAIRE

    Morishita Yukio; Sugahara Shinji; Kondo Tadashi; Todoroki Takeshi; Mori Kensaku; Ohno Tadao

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is an aggressive spindle cell cancer of soft-tissue sarcoma type in the elderly, mostly affecting the extremities. Lesions > 5 cm, positive margins, and local recurrence are significant poor prognostic indicators. The strongest predictor for distant metastasis was tumor size (> 5 cm), and for overall survival, presence of local recurrence. Limb-sparing extensive tumor resection is preferred to achieve negative surgical margins. However, in some ci...

  16. A case of intermittent lumbar pain radiating to the right shoulder in a 76-year-old woman.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardinale, Luciano; Ardissone, Francesco; Familiari, Ubaldo; Perna, Mariaelena; Fava, Cesare

    2009-09-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is a pleomorphic sarcoma, occurring most frequently in the deep soft tissues of the extremities, and it is most frequently seen in elderly patients. A primary MFH of the diaphragm is very rare, and to the best of our knowledge, a multi-phased spiral CT appearance of this tumour has not been previously reported. In this report, we describe the clinical and multi-phase CT features of a primary MFH of the diaphragm. PMID:19626327

  17. Filtration efficiency of an electrostatic fibrous filter: Studying filtration dependency on ultrafine particle exposure and composition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ardkapan, Siamak Rahimi; Johnson, Matthew S.; Yazdi, Sadegh; Afshari, Alireza; Bergsøe, Niels C.

    2014-01-01

    The objective of the present study is to investigate the relationship between ultrafine particle concentrations and removal efficiencies for an electrostatic fibrous filter in a laboratory environment. Electrostatic fibrous filters capture particles efficiently, with a low pressure drop. Therefor...

  18. Electrospinning of caseinates to create protective fibrous mats

    Science.gov (United States)

    JUSTIFICATION Electrospinning is a nonthermal process that produces fibers with diameters on the micron- or nano-scales from a polymer solution. If produced by electrospinning of biopolymer solutions, fibrous mats may be created for protecting foods, improving food quality and allowing for the prese...

  19. Electrospinning of casemates to create protective fibrous mats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Electrospinning is a nonthermal process that produces fibers on the micron- or nano-scale from a polymer solution. If produced by electrospinning of biopolymer solutions, fibrous mats may be created for protecting foods and allowing for the preservation and controlled release of bioactives for healt...

  20. Fibrous glass insulation and cancer: response and rebuttal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Infante, P F; Schuman, L D; Huff, J

    1996-07-01

    In response to our commentary on fibrous glass and cancer [Infante et al., 1994], three letters have been received by the journal. The arguments put forth in these letters do not lead us to alter our scientific view that fibrous glass insulation is carcinogenic. No information is given in the letters that has not previously been stated. Even though these letters raise the same diaphanous arguments, we believe that to preserve occupational and public health we must respond in detail to ensure that the contentions of the fibrous glass industry do not gain further acceptance. Thus, we respond to each letter in turn: The first by Weiss questions and distorts epidemiologic findings, the second by McConnell attempts to recant his past views on the carcinogenicity of fibrous glass and on the value of rodent bioassays in general, and the third by Hesterberg and Chase impugns our analyses demonstrating a positive cancer response in their study. Lastly, we have not debated every issue raised in these three letters because of space limitations, and have centered our responses on what we consider the major incongruities and falsities in each letter. Likewise, we have been selective in citing only relevant literature, or those reports used by the industry or its consultants to support their views. PMID:16374937

  1. Fibrous sorbents for purification of liquids from cesium radionuclides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The properties of fibrous sorbent prepared on the basis of viscose and iron(3) ferrocyanide and intended for liquid media purification, natural milk, in particular, which has been naturally contaminated, from cesium radionuclides, when analyzing water and other liquids at pH 4-6.5, have been considered. 12 refs., 3 figs., 4 tabs

  2. Failure Regimes in (1+1)d in Fibrous Materials

    CERN Document Server

    Menezes-Sobrinho, I L; Moreira, J G

    2001-01-01

    In this work, we introduce a model for fracture in fibrous materials which take into account the rupture height of the fibers, in contrast with previous models. Thus, we obtain the profile of the fracture and calculate its roughness, defined as the variance around the mean height. We investigate the relationship between the fracture roughness and the fracture toughness.

  3. Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma arising in fibrous dysplasia of the femur.

    OpenAIRE

    Blackwell, J B

    1993-01-01

    The occurrence of mesenchymal chondrosarcoma in an area of fibrous dysplasia in the upper femur of a 28 year old man is reported. It is believed that this is the first documented example of such an association. A further unusual feature is the presence of benign giant cells in the mesenchymal chondrosarcomatous component.

  4. Thermal protection studies of plastic films and fibrous materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saad, Michel A.; Altman, Robert L.

    1988-01-01

    The thermal protection properties of various film and woven materials were studied using an experimental method of radiant heating. The materials studied included aluminized and unaluminized synthetic plastic films and fibrous materials like silicon carbide and phenolic novolac. It is shown that a thin metallized coating with good reflectivity significantly enhances the heat blocking capability of a variety of insulative materials.

  5. Fatty metamorphosis and other patterns in fibrous dysplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Komorowski Richard A

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Interpretation of small biopsy fragments from suspected lesions of fibrous dysplasia with unusual clinical and / or radiological features may be challenging due to wide histomorphological spectrum of stromal appearances. Awareness of these variations should improve diagnostic confidence. Methods We retrospectively studied 26 cases of fibrous dysplasia (F- 19, M- 7; Ages ranged from 10 to 53 years with confirmed diagnosis. The sites of the lesions were skull bones (9, humerus (1, femur (8, tibia (2, fibula (3, talus (1, mandible (1, and maxilla (1. Results Different stromal patterns, variably admixed with the classical pattern, were observed in 58%(15/26 of the cases. 20%(3/15 of these had more than one pattern. Focal fatty metamorphosis as groups of fat cells in the central portion of the lesion in the stroma of fibrous dysplasia between osseous trabeculae was observed in 23%(6/26 cases. Other patterns included myxoid stroma in 16%(4/26, collagenization of stroma in 12%(3/26, stroma rich pattern (with paucity of trabeculae in 12%(3/26, foci of few foam cells in 23% (6/26, and calcified spherules in 12%(3/26. Focal osteoblastic rimming of trabeculae was observed only in 4%(1/26. Conclusions Various stromal variations and previously unreported fatty metamorphosis were frequently observed in fibrous dysplasia.

  6. HDPE/COC blends with fibrous morphology and their properties.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vacková, Ta?ana; Šlouf, Miroslav; Nevoralová, Martina; Kaprálková, Ludmila

    2012-01-01

    Ro?. 48, ?. 12 (2012), s. 2031-2039. ISSN 0014-3057 R&D Projects: GA ?R GP106/09/P272 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40500505 Keywords : polymer blend * phase morphology * fibrous structure Subject RIV: JI - Composite Materials Impact factor: 2.562, year: 2012

  7. Physical properties of collagen fibrous networks derived from bovine hides

    Science.gov (United States)

    The hides and leather industry has been facing a serious challenge in the disposal of solid wastes such as trimmings and lime-splits. One strategy to solve this problem is to convert these wastes into useful fibrous products and green composites. Therefore research is needed to investigate the pre...

  8. Neurofibromatosis and fibrous dysplasia manifesting in the same patient: a rare case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sujatha, Sampangi; Jatti, Deepa

    2015-02-01

    Neurofibromatosis and fibrous dysplasia show the presence of café-au-lait spots, bone lesions, and endocrinopathies. There has been speculation whether neurofibromatosis and fibrous dysplasia are different manifestations of the same disease or if these conditions are in some way related. We provide a case of whether neurofibromatosis and fibrous dysplasia complicated by hyperparathyroidism and osteoporosis. PMID:24000123

  9. Malignant vagal paraganglioma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carlsen, Camilla S; Godballe, Christian; Krogdahl, Annelise S; Edal, Anette L

    2003-01-01

    Approximately 20 cases of malignant vagal paragangliomas (MVP)have been reported in English literature. Malignancy is based on the presence of metastases. A careful preoperative evaluation is necessary to detect multicentricity and/or significant production of catecholamines. A new case of MVP tr...

  10. Direct Numerical Simulation of Liquid Transport Through Fibrous Porous Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palakurthi, Nikhil Kumar

    Fluid flow through fibrous media occurs in many industrial processes, including, but not limited, to fuel cell technology, drug delivery patches, sanitary products, textile reinforcement, filtration, heat exchangers, and performance fabrics. Understanding the physical processes involved in fluid flow through fibrous media is essential for their characterization as well as for the optimization and development of new products. Macroscopic porous-media equations require constitutive relations, which account for the physical processes occurring at the micro-scale, to predict liquid transport at the macro-scale. In this study, micro-scale simulations were conducted using conventional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technique (finite-volume method) to determine the macroscopic constitutive relations. The first part of this thesis deals with the single-phase flow in fibrous media, following which multi-phase flow through fibrous media was studied. Darcy permeability is an important parameter that characterizes creeping flow through a fibrous porous medium. It has a complex dependence on the medium's properties such as fibers' in-plane and through-plane orientation, diameter, aspect ratio, curvature, and porosity. A suite of 3D virtual fibrous structures with a wide range of geometric properties were constructed, and the permeability values of the structures were calculated by solving the 3D incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. The through-plane permeability was found to be a function of only the fiber diameter, the fibers' through-plane orientation, and the porosity of the medium. The numerical results were used to extend a permeability-porosity relation, developed in literature for 3D isotropic fibrous media, to a wide range of fibers' through-plane orientations. In applications where rate of capillary penetration is important, characterization of porous media usually involves determination of either the effective pore radius from capillary penetration experiments or a representative pore radius (R50) from pore-size distribution data. The relationship between effective and representative pore radii was studied by performing direct simulations of capillary penetration of a wetting liquid using a finite-volume-based volume-of-fluid (VOF) method. The simulated unidirectional liquid penetration through fibrous media followed Lucas-Washburn kinetics (L ˜ t1/2), except during the initial stages, which are dominated by inertial forces. Even though fluid properties and contact angle were kept constant in the simulations, the effective pore radii were found to be quite different from the representative radii. It can be concluded that the differences between effective and representative pore radii did not arise from contact angle variations. The unsaturated flow through fibrous media at the macro-scale is typically described using Richard's equation which requires constitutive relations: capillary pressure and permeability as a function of liquid saturation. In the present study, the quasi-static capillary pressure-saturation (P c-S) relationship for the primary drainage in a 3D isotropic fibrous medium was determined by performing micro-scale simulations using a VOF method. The Pc-S relationship obtained from the VOF method was compared with the results from the full-morphology (FM) method. Good agreement was observed between the results from the VOF and FM methods, thus suggesting that the FM method, a computationally less intensive method as compared to VOF method, may be sufficient for estimating the Pc-S relationship for primary drainage.

  11. Primary ovarian malignant melanoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kostov Miloš

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Primary ovarian malignant melanoma is extremely rare. It usually appears in the wall of a dermoid cyst or is associated with another teratomatous component. Metastatic primary malignant melanoma to ovary from a primary melanoma elsewhere is well known and has been often reported especially in autopsy studies. Case report. We presented a case of primary ovarian malignant melanoma in a 45- year old woman, with no evidence of extraovarian primary melanoma nor teratomatous component. The tumor was unilateral, macroscopically on section presented as solid mass, dark brown to black color. Microscopically, tumor cells showed positive immunohistochemical reaction for HMB-45, melan-A and S-100 protein, and negative immunoreactivity for estrogen and progesteron receptors. Conclusion. Differentiate metastatic melanoma from rare primary ovarian malignant melanoma, in some of cases may be a histopathological diagnostic problem. Histopathological diagnosis of primary ovarian malignant melanoma should be confirmed by immunohistochemical analyses and detailed clinical search for an occult primary tumor.

  12. Peripheral ameloblastoma with histologically low-grade malignant features of the buccal mucosa: a case report with immunohistochemical study and genetic analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Goda, Hiroyuki; Nakashiro, Kohichi; Ogawa, Ikuko; TAKATA, Takashi; Hamakawa, Hiroyuki

    2015-01-01

    Peripheral ameloblastoma (PA), a rare and unusual variant of odontogenic tumors, comprises about 1% of all ameloblastomas. PA is an exophytic growth localized to the soft tissues overlying the tooth-bearing areas of the jaws, and the initial diagnosis is often fibrous epulis. PA with histologically low-grade malignant features is extremely rare. We report a case of peripheral ameloblastoma with histologically low-grade malignant features in a 69-year-old woman that presented with a hemorrhage...

  13. Radioimmunotherapy of malignant gliomas; Radioimmuntherapie maligner Gliome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poepperl, G.; Tatsch, K. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Nuklearmedizin, Klinikum der Univ. Muenchen, Campus Grosshadern, Muenchen (Germany)

    2008-06-15

    Despite all technical advances (intraoperative resection control, fluorescence guided resection, advances in external beam radiation techniques) and new consolidated findings on systemic chemotherapy treatment of malignant gliomas with conventional therapeutic modalities (surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy) is still highly unfavourable. Total tumor erradication is impossible due to tumor infiltrations into the normal brain and the limitations given by the limited tolerance of surrounding brain tissue. New treatment strategies, therefore, aim for a more selective destruction of tumor cells. Malignant glioma cells selectively express several antigens or receptors which are not or only to a minor extent present in normal brain tissue. Administration of radiolabelled monoclonal antibodies, especially when given locoregionally, targeting these tumor-specific antigens offers an innovative therapeutic strategy that has recently demonstrated encouraging antitumor effects and acceptable toxicity in many phase I/II clinical trials. This review offers a comprehensive summary of own experiences and results of clinical trials reported in the literature dealing with radioimmunotherapy of malignant glioma and highlights future plans to further develop this therapeutic strategy. (orig.)

  14. Asbestos-related malignancy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Antmann, K.; Aisner, J.

    1986-01-01

    This book contains 20 chapters. Some of the chapter titles are: The Radiology of Asbestosis and Related Neoplasms; Computed Tomography and Malignant Mesothelioma; Radiation Therapy for Pleural Mesothelioma; and Radiation Therapy of Peritoneal Mesothelioma.

  15. Asbestos-related malignancy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book contains 20 chapters. Some of the chapter titles are: The Radiology of Asbestosis and Related Neoplasms; Computed Tomography and Malignant Mesothelioma; Radiation Therapy for Pleural Mesothelioma; and Radiation Therapy of Peritoneal Mesothelioma

  16. Gastrointestinal Malignancies Faculty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mission Statement The Gastrointestinal Malignancies Faculty (GMF) facilitates interactions among basic, epidemiological, translational, and clinical researchers promoting a community of investigators working together for the prevention, diagnosis, and cur

  17. Stages of Malignant Mesothelioma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of the chest in the lining of the chest wall . Cancer may have spread to: the lining of the ... following: Surgery to remove the part of the chest lining with cancer and the tissue around it. If malignant mesothelioma ...

  18. Fibrous dysplasia as a rare cause of nasolacrimal duct obstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahtiyar Polat

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Fibrous dysplasia of the paranasal sinuses is mostly asymptomatic, but sometimes may cause signs and symptoms de- pending on its location. We report two cases of maxillary fibrous dysplasia obstructing the lacrimal drainage system as a reason of chronic dacryocystitis, and reviewed the related literature. The first case underwent an endonasal endoscopic approach combined with external dacryocystorhinostomy. He had a patent lacrimal system at one-year follow-up. The le- sion was completely removed via an endonasal endoscopic approach in the second case, wherein the patient was asymp- tomatic of the six-month follow-up period. [Arch Clin Exp Surg 2015; 4(3.000: 172-175

  19. Interaction of ruby laser with carbon fibrous materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Staši? Jelena M.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Carbon fibrous materials are interesting because of their good properties and numerous possible applications. The characteristics of these materials can be programmed by careful selection of the modification process parameters. The laser technique can be successfully employed for these purposes. The high temperatures arising in the material during a short laser pulse can cause a number of changes in the material. Carbon fibrous materials with different textile shapes, during different stages of processing, were exposed to laser radiation. A ruby laser (X=694.3 nm was used to modify the material. The structural changes were examined by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. It was established that the radiation of this laser induces structural changes leading to a better arrangement of the turbostratic carbon fiber structure.

  20. 3D CHARACTERIZATION OF WOOD BASED FIBROUS MATERIALS: AN APPLICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jérôme Lux

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Morphological characterization of wood based fibrous materials is carried out using X-ray tomography. This technique allows the non destructive observation at the scales of a fibre (microscopic scale and of a network of fibres (mesoscopic scale. The 3D images are processed using classical tools of mathematical morphology. Measures of porosities and estimations of the size distributions of fibres and pores are carried out and compared to other results. An alternative method for the calculation of the local orientation of the fibres is also described to quantify the anisotropy of the fibres network. Finally, the individualization of the fibres is obtained from the representation of the fibrous network as a 3D skeleton, making possible further measurements on the isolated fibres.

  1. Electrospun Fibrous Membranes with Super-large-strain Electric Superhydrophobicity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Hua; Wang, Hongxia; Niu, Haitao; Lin, Tong

    2015-10-01

    Large-strain elastic superhydrophobicity is highly desirable for its enhanced use performance and functional reliability in mechanically dynamic environments, but remains challenging to develop. Here we have, for the first time, proven that an elastic fibrous membrane after surface hydrophobization can maintain superhydrophobicity during one-directional (uniaxial) stretching to a strain as high as 1500% and two-direction (biaxial) stretching to a strain up to 700%. The fibrous membrane can withstand at least 1,000 cycles of repeated stretching without losing the superhydrophobicity. Stretching slightly increases the membrane air permeability and reduces water breakthrough pressure. It is highly stable in acid and base environments. Such a permeable, highly-elastic superhydrophobic membrane may open up novel applications in membrane separation, healthcare, functional textile and energy fields.

  2. Primary Malignant Rhabdoid Melanoma

    OpenAIRE

    Chung, Bo Young; Ahn, In Su; Cho, Soo Ick; Kim, Hye One; Kim, Kwang Ho; Park, Chun Wook; Lee, Cheol Heon

    2011-01-01

    Melanoma with rhabdoid features is an uncommon variant of malignant melanoma. Here, we describe a rare case of primary rhabdoid malignant melanoma. A 54-year-old man presented with a black tumor measuring 3×4 cm on the right forearm. Histologic sections showed a tumor mass with rhabdoid features composed entirely of polygonal neoplastic cells with eccentric nuclei, prominent nucleoli, and large hyaline cytoplasmic inclusions. The tumor cells were immunoreactive with HMB-45, S100, Fontana-Mass...

  3. Managing Malignant Cerebral Infarction

    OpenAIRE

    Simard, J. Marc; Sahuquillo, Juan; Sheth, Kevin N; Kahle, Kristopher T.; Walcott, Brian P.

    2011-01-01

    Managing patients with malignant cerebral infarction remains one of the foremost challenges in medicine. These patients are at high risk for progressive neurologic deterioration and death due to malignant cerebral edema, and they are best cared for in the intensive care unit of a comprehensive stroke center. Careful initial assessment of neurologic function and of findings on MRI, coupled with frequent reassessment of clinical and radiologic findings using CT or MRI are mandatory to promote t...

  4. Håndens maligne tumorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Britt Mejer; Rasmussen, Per Joen Svabo; Lausten, Gunnar Schwarz; Jensen, Nina Vendel; Nielsen, Niels Søe

    2011-01-01

    Malignant tumours of the hand are rare and are often misdiagnosed. A painful swelling of the hand or digits are often diagnosed with an infection, benign tumours such as ganglion cysts, or arthritis. Wounds that do not heal despite adequate treatment should be biopsied to rule out malignancy. A correct diagnosis without delay is important because the life expectancy, due to a metastasis on the hand or fingers is approximately six months.

  5. Keratomycotic malignant glaucoma

    OpenAIRE

    Kuriakose Thomas; Thomas Philip

    1991-01-01

    Malignant Glaucoma due to Keratomycosis is a devastating and poorly recognised complication occurring in a small percentage of treated patients. It is characterized, in cases of Keratomycosis by a raised tension, uniform shallowing of the anterior chamber and a fungus-exudate-iris mass covering the pupillary area. Three cases of ?Keratomycotic Malignant Glaucoma? are discussed here. Two of these were successfully treated with therapeutic keratoplasty, extracapsular lens extracti...

  6. Unusual Malignant Breast Lesions

    OpenAIRE

    D. Farrokh; B Zandi (Ph.D); J.B. Hashemi

    2007-01-01

    Numerous unusual benign and malignant breast le-sions may be seen occasionally or rarely. Some of these lesions are distinctive and easily recognized be-cause of diagnostic clinical or radiographic criteria such as inflammatory carcinoma or Paget's disease, which are primarily a clinical diagnosis. Most of the unusual malignant breast lesions have no specific di-agnostic signs and may show the mammographic or ultrasonic findings of benign lesions. Although most radiologists may never see...

  7. Malignancy-associated pruritus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowe, B; Yosipovitch, G

    2016-01-01

    Malignancy-associated pruritus can be the result of a neoplasm's local effect on tissue or due to the systemic reaction to malignancy. A systemic reaction to malignancy has been termed 'paraneoplastic itch' and can be the first sign of an underlying malignancy. Paraneoplastic itch is most commonly caused by lymphoproliferative malignancies, and severity of itch correlates with stage of disease in Hodgkin's lymphoma and polycythemia vera. Non-melanoma skin cancer is the most common type of malignancy-associated pruritus, and recent data indicate that pruritus is associated with more than one-third of non-melanoma skin cancers. Cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCL), particularly more advanced stages, cause intractable pruritus and recent investigations into the pathophysiology of CTCL-associated itch have implicated cyotokine interleukin-31 as a putative mediator. Treatments that reduce itch in CTCL patients, such as histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi), Mogamulizumab, a novel monoclonal antibody against chemokine receptor type-4, and oral corticosteroids, have demonstrated a correlation between their anti-pruritic effect and reduced serum levels of interleukin-31. PMID:26416212

  8. Transition metal complexing with polymetric sulfur-containing fibrous ligand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A study was made on interaction of Cr4, V5, Cu2 transition metals with thioamidated polymeric PVS-PAN-T ligand of fibrous structure. Sorption characteristics of PVS-PAN-T, depending on pH and temperature of solutions of copper, chromium and vanadium salts were determined. Parameters of ESR spectra of PVS-PAN-T compounds with transition metals enabled to determine the structure of formed coordination centers

  9. Recurring fibrous dysplasia of anthro maxillary with cranial base invasion

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa, Kátia Maria Marabuco de; Costa, Kárlos Jader Sátiro de Mendonça; Holanda, Thiago Ayres; Silva, Thiago Oliveira e; Cunha, Rafael Levi Louchar Silva da; Soares, Vítor Yamashiro Rocha

    2009-01-01

    Introduction: Fibrous dysplasia is an osseous lesion with an unknown etiology. It is characterized by the osseous maturation insufficiency. It may affect any bone, but the affection of craniofacial bones is the most critical for otorhinolaryngology. Maxilla is the most affected facial bone and the orbitary invasion is an uncommon event. The symptoms are unspecific and for its low suspicion and uncommonness, the diagnosis is generally late. The monostotic form presents a slow growth and asympt...

  10. A Micromechanics Finite-Strain Constitutive Model of Fibrous Tissue

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Huan; LIU Yi; Zhao, Xuefeng; Lanir, Yoram; Kassab, Ghassan S.

    2011-01-01

    Biological tissues have unique mechanical properties due to the wavy fibrous collagen and elastin microstructure. In inflation, a vessel easily distends under low pressure but becomes stiffer when the fibers are straightened to take up the load. The current microstructural models of blood vessels assume affine deformation; i.e., the deformation of each fiber is assumed to be identical to the macroscopic deformation of the tissue. This uniform-field (UF) assumption leads to the macroscopic (or...

  11. Determination of physical properties of fibrous thermal insulation

    OpenAIRE

    Jeandel G.; Monod B.; Lassue S.; Joulin A.; Tilioua A.; Libessart L.

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this study is to characterize both experimentally and theoretically, conductive and radiative heat transfer within polyester batting. This material is derived from recycled bottles (PET) with fibres of constant diameters. Two other mineral and plant fibrous insulation materials, (glass wool and hemp wool) are also characterized for comparative purposes. To determine the overall thermophysical properties of the tested materials, heat flux measurement are carried out using a de...

  12. Directionally oriented fibrous structures for llghtweight concrete elements reinforcement

    OpenAIRE

    Fangueiro, Raúl, ed. lit.; Marques, P.; Pereira, C. Gonilho

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports on the work that is being undertaken at the University of Minho concerning the development of directionally oriented fibrous structures (DOFS) to be used as a concrete reinforcement material. Several glass fibre wovenlike DOFS were produced varying two parameters: roving linear density (tex) and reinforcement structural density (rovings/ cm). Self-compacting concrete slabs were reinforced by DOFS structures and their bending behaviour was evaluated. The resul...

  13. Intramuscular solitary fibrous tumor: a clinicopathological case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abe, S; Imamura, T; Tateishi, A; Park, P; Nakano, H; Harasawa, A; Hashimoto, H; Matsushita, T

    1999-01-01

    We present a case of extrapleural solitary fibrous tumor arising within the muscle, an unusual and hitherto-undescribed tumor lesion. A 42-year-old woman presented a painless mass in her left thigh. The lesion was depicted as an intramuscular mass that enhanced on both CT and MRI, showing quite rich tumor vascularity. The histological features of the tumor were spindle cell proliferation with various histological patterns, typical fibrocollagenous background, and positive immunoreactivity for CD-34. PMID:10348456

  14. Clinicopathological findings in a case series of extrathoracic solitary fibrous tumors of soft tissues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steinau Hans-Ulrich

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Solitary fibrous tumors (SFT represent a rare entity of soft tissue tumors. Previously considered being of serosal origin and solely limited to the pleural cavity the tumor has been described in other locations, most particularly the head and neck. Extrathoracic SFT in the soft tissues of the trunk and the extremities are very rare. Nine cases of this rare tumor entity are described in the course of this article with respect to clinicopathological data, follow-up and treatment results. Methods Data were obtained from patients' records, phone calls to the patients' general practitioners, and clinical follow-up examination, including chest X-ray, abdominal ultrasound, and MRI or computed tomography. Results There were 6 females and 3 males, whose age at time of diagnosis ranged from 32 to 92 years (mean: 62.2 years. The documented tumors' size was 4.5 to 10 cm (mean: 7 cm. All tumors were located in deep soft tissues, 3 of them epifascial, 2 subfascial, 4 intramuscular. Four tumors were found at the extremities, one each at the flank, in the neck, at the shoulder, in the gluteal region, and in the deep groin. Two out of 9 cases were diagnosed as atypical or malignant variant of ESFT. Complete resection was performed in all cases. Follow-up time ranged from 1 to 71 months. One of the above.mentioned patients with atypical ESFT suffered from local relapse and metastatic disease; the remaining 8 patients were free of disease. Conclusion ESFT usually behave as benign soft tissue tumors, although malignant variants with more aggressive local behaviour (local relapse and metastasis may occur. The risk of local recurrence and metastasis correlates to tumor size and histological status of surgical resection margins and may reach up to 10% even in so-called "benign" tumors. Tumor specimens should be evaluated by experienced soft tissue pathologists. The treatment of choice is complete resection followed by extended follow-up surveillance.

  15. Erosive separation of organic coatings from fibrous substrates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, M; Momber, A W

    2004-11-01

    The separation of organic coatings from fibrous substrates is a key problem in recycling processes. This problem applies to carpets, technical textiles and automotive interior components. This paper reports about results of laboratory studies involving the application of high-speed liquid jets to solve this problem. Results from high-speed video images are used to qualify the principal erosion process. It is shown that the coating material is first ground by the jet; the generated erosion debris is then pushed through the permeable fibrous fabric of the substrate. It is also found that threshold conditions exist for the coating grinding process and for the debris transportation. These threshold conditions depend on target composition and process parameters. A phenomenological separation model is introduced. The influence of key process parameters, namely jet velocity, exposure time, stand-off distance and impact angle, is also investigated. It is found that high-speed liquid jets are suitable tools for separating organic coatings completely and selectively from fibrous substrates. Recommendations on how to optimise the erosion process are derived from the results. PMID:15474739

  16. Mesenchymal breast lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schickman, R; Leibman, A J; Handa, P; Kornmehl, A; Abadi, M

    2015-06-01

    Mesenchymal breast lesions encompass a variety of breast diseases. Many of these lesions are rare with only a few case reports in the literature. This article reviews the imaging findings of selected mesenchymal breast lesions, their clinical presentations and method of diagnosis. Mesenchymal lesions are diverse and include haemangioma, granular cell tumour, myofibroblastoma, fibromatosis, pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia, and malignant fibrous histiocytoma. It is important for radiologists to be aware of these lesions as some of them may have malignant potential or demonstrate imaging features that overlap with other malignant lesions. PMID:25638601

  17. Mesenchymal breast lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mesenchymal breast lesions encompass a variety of breast diseases. Many of these lesions are rare with only a few case reports in the literature. This article reviews the imaging findings of selected mesenchymal breast lesions, their clinical presentations and method of diagnosis. Mesenchymal lesions are diverse and include haemangioma, granular cell tumour, myofibroblastoma, fibromatosis, pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia, and malignant fibrous histiocytoma. It is important for radiologists to be aware of these lesions as some of them may have malignant potential or demonstrate imaging features that overlap with other malignant lesions

  18. Management of malignant pleural effusions.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Uzbeck, Mateen H

    2010-06-01

    Malignant pleural effusions are a common clinical problem in patients with primary thoracic malignancy and metastatic malignancy to the thorax. Symptoms can be debilitating and can impair tolerance of anticancer therapy. This article presents a comprehensive review of pharmaceutical and nonpharmaceutical approaches to the management of malignant pleural effusion, and a novel algorithm for management based on patients\\' performance status.

  19. Fibrous dysplasia mimicking bone metastasis on both bone scintigraphy and {sup 18}F FDG PET CT: Diagnostic dilemma in a patient with breast cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    KC, Sud Hir Suman; Sharma, Punit; Singh, Har Man Deep; Bal, Chand Rasekhar; Kumar, Rake Sh [India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi (India)

    2012-12-15

    Bone is the most common distant site to which breast cancer metastasizes. Commonly used imaging modalities for imaging bone metastasis are bone scintigraphy, plain radiography, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and positron emission tomography (PET). Although bone scintigraphy gas high sensitivity for detecting bone metastasis, its specificity is low. This is because of the fact that bone scintigraphy images secondary changes in bone rather than just tumor cells {sup 18}F fluorodeoxyglucose ({sup 18}F FDG) PET CT, on the other hand, directly images the tumor cells' glucose metabolism. Unfortunately, similar to bone scintigraphy, benign bone conditions can also show increased {sup 18}F FDG uptake on PET CT, and PET positive asymptomatic fibrous dysplasia can be misinterpreted as a metastasis. Fibrous dysplasia of bone has wide skeletal distribution, with variability of {sup 18}F FDG uptake and CT appearance. It is therefore important to recognize the characteristics of this skeletal dysplasia, to allow differentiation from skeletal metastasis. Bone lesions with {sup 18}F FDG uptake need to be carefully interpreted when evaluating patients with known malignancy. In doubtful cases, fibrous dysplasia should be given as a differential diagnosis and histopathological diagnosis may be warranted, as highlighted in the present case.

  20. Aggressive malignant abdominal mesothelioma: Clinical report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 32-year-old Filipino female, working as an x-ray technician, presented to the Emergency Room (ER) with acute abdominal pain for one day. The pain was mainly on the left side and left hypochondrium. She had recurring abdominal pain before but not significant to worry her. She also complained of abdominal distension, which she noticed one week ago. Abdominal examination revealed fullness in the left hypochondrium with marked tenderness but negative rebound. Abdominal ultrasound (US) showed a huge mass mainly in the left hypochondrium. The origin of the mass cannot be identified by US. A computerized tomography scan showed a mass in the left side of the abdomen crossing the midline with a necrotic centre. The hospital course of the patient runs smoothly, and she was discharged after 7-days and referred to an Oncology Center. Abdominal mesothelioma is a neoplasm arising from the mesothelial surface lining the abdominal cavity. It is less frequent than that of the pleura. It is a rapidly growing and fatal malignancy with a median survival of less than 1-year. The relation between pleural malignant mesothelioma and asbestos is well recognized since it was described in 19602 but implication of asbestos exposure in the etiology of the peritoneal type is less obvious. This patient history is giving no obvious exposure to asbestos but as she is working in the Radiology Department as an x-ray technician she is well exposed to x-ray, but the effect of radioactivity on induction of mesothelioma is still disputed.4 There are several reports linking malignant mesothelioma to radioactivity due to radiation therapy.The fibrous mesothelioma (sarcomatous), as in this case, which is difficult to diagnose microscopically, looks like a fibroma, unless helped by tissue culture. The treatment options of malignant mesothelioma include surgery, intraperitoneal chemotherapy and whole abdominal radiation or multimodality therapy, which were suggested that might prolong the survival in patients with peritoneal mesothelioma.5 Although peritoneal mesothelioma is rare, progress in its management has occurred, survival has been extended and selection factors by which patients may be allocated to aggressive management strategies have been defined

  1. Malignant salivary gland tumours

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The most frequent malignant salivary gland tumours are the mucoepidermoid tumour, adenoid cystic carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. The major salivary glands and the minor glands of the mouth and upper respiratory tract may potentially develop any of these malignant lesions. Malignant lesions most frequently present as a palpable mass and tend to enlarge more rapidly than benign neoplasms. Pain, paresthesia, muscle paralysis and fixation to surrounding tissue are all ominous signs and symptoms. The only reliable means of differential diagnosis of these lesions is biopsy and histologic analysis. Therapy involves surgery or a combination of surgery and radiation therapy. The ultimate prognosis is governed by the intrinsic biologic behaviour of the neoplasms, the extent of disease and adequate clinical therapy

  2. Malignant salivary gland tumours

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thompson, S.H. (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (South Africa). Dept. of Oral Pathology)

    1982-08-01

    The most frequent malignant salivary gland tumours are the mucoepidermoid tumour, adenoid cystic carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. The major salivary glands and the minor glands of the mouth and upper respiratory tract may potentially develop any of these malignant lesions. Malignant lesions most frequently present as a palpable mass and tend to enlarge more rapidly than benign neoplasms. Pain, paresthesia, muscle paralysis and fixation to surrounding tissue are all ominous signs and symptoms. The only reliable means of differential diagnosis of these lesions is biopsy and histologic analysis. Therapy involves surgery or a combination of surgery and radiation therapy. The ultimate prognosis is governed by the intrinsic biologic behaviour of the neoplasms, the extent of disease and adequate clinical therapy.

  3. [Paediatric malignant liver tumours].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brugières, Laurence; Branchereau, Sophie; Laithier, Véronique

    2012-02-01

    Tumours and pseudotumours of the liver are a heterogeneous group of neoplasm including 60% of malignant tumours. Malignant liver tumours account for less than 2% of the lesions in children and vary considerably in incidence throughout the paediatric age range, with hepatoblastoma, rhabdoid tumour of the liver, hemangioendothelioma, biliary tract rhabdomysosarcoma and mesenchymal hamartoma in the first two years of life and hepatocellular carcinoma, focal nodular hyperplasia, and undifferentiated sarcoma in older children and adolescents. Treatment of malignant epithelial tumours is based on the surgical resection of the tumour associated with pre- and postoperative chemotherapy including cisplatinum. Modalities of the treatment are adapted to risk factors. Survival rates at three years are over 80% for localised hepatoblastoma whereas they are less than 30% in hepatocellular carcinomas. The role of targeted therapies still has to be defined. PMID:22266074

  4. Diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shih, Chih-An; Ho, Szu-Pei; Tsay, Feng-Woei; Lai, Kwok-Hung; Hsu, Ping-I

    2013-11-01

    Mesothelioma often originates in the pleura and less frequently in the peritoneum. This article describes a rare case of diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma in a 54-year-old male construction worker who was admitted to our hospital with a 2-month history of progressive abdominal distention. Abdominal computed tomography revealed extensive peritoneal nodularity and omental cake along with massive ascites. Imaging findings initially suggested peritoneal carcinomatosis, primary peritoneal carcinoma, and tuberculous peritonitis. Laparoscopic biopsy of the omentum and peritoneum confirmed the diagnosis of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma of epitheloid type. Although systemic chemotherapy was administered, no tumor regression was found. The patient finally died of nosocomial infection. PMID:24183360

  5. PET in uterine malignancies

    OpenAIRE

    Valeria Pirro; Andrea Skanjeti; Ettore Pelosi

    2010-01-01

    Positron Emission Tomography (PET) or integrated PET/Computed Tomography (PET/CT) with 18F-Fluoro-Deoxy-Glucose (18F-FDG) is a functional imaging modality, useful in the characterization of undetermined morphological findings, and in the staging/re-staging of a large number of malignancies. Although its use in uterine malignancies has been poorly investigated, in recent years the employment of this technique has constantly increased. In this review, we evaluate the role of PET (/CT) with 18FF...

  6. Microstructure and properties of nano-fibrous PCL-b-PLLA scaffolds for cartilage tissue engineering

    OpenAIRE

    He, L.; Liu, B; G Xipeng; Xie, G.; S. Liao; Quan, D.; Cai, D; Lu, J.; Ramakrishna, S.

    2009-01-01

    Nano-fibrous scaffolds which could potentially mimic the architecture of extracellular matrix (ECM) have been considered a good candidate matrix for cell delivery in tissue engineering applications. In the present study, a semicrystalline diblock copolymer, poly(e-caprolactone)-block-poly(L-lactide) (PCL-b-PLLA), was synthesized and utilized to fabricate nano-fibrous scaffolds via a thermally induced phase separation process. Uniform nano-fibrous networks were created by quenching a PCL-b-PLL...

  7. Permeability and compression of fibrous porous media generated from dilute suspensions of fiberglass debris during a loss of coolant accident

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Experimental investigation on fibrous debris buildup was conducted. • Head loss through fibrous media was recorded at different approach velocities. • A head loss model through fibrous media was proposed for high porosity (>0.99). • A compression model of fibrous media was developed. - Abstract: Permeability of fibrous porous media has been studied for decades in various engineering applications, including liquid purifications, air filters, and textiles. In nuclear engineering, fiberglass has been found to be a hazard during a Loss-of-Coolant Accident. The high energy steam jet from a break impinges on surrounding fiberglass insulation materials, producing a large amount of fibrous debris. The fibrous debris is then transported through the reactor containment and reaches the sump strainers. Accumulation of such debris on the surface of the strainers produces a fibrous bed, which is a fibrous porous medium that can undermine reactor core cooling. The present study investigated the buildup of fibrous porous media on two types of perforated plate and the pressure drop through the fibrous porous media without chemical effect. The development of the fibrous bed was visually recorded in order to correlate the pressure drop, the approach velocity, and the thickness of the fibrous porous media. The experimental results were compared to semi-theoretical models and theoretical models proposed by other researchers. Additionally, a compression model was developed to predict the thickness and the local porosity of a fibrous bed as a function of pressure

  8. Pediatric Head and Neck Malignancies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qaisi, Mohammed; Eid, Issam

    2016-02-01

    Head and neck malignancies are rare in pediatric patients, and represent 12% of all pediatric malignancies. The incidence for these head and neck tumors is 1.49 cases per 1,000,000 person-years. Among the most common pediatric head and neck malignancies are lymphomas (27%), neural tumors including primitive neurectodermal tumors (23%), thyroid malignancies (21%), soft tissue sarcomas including rhabdomyosarcoma (12%), nasopharyngeal carcinoma, skeletal and odontogenic malignancies including osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, and ameloblastic carcinoma. This article presents an overview of pediatric head and neck malignancies with emphasis on diagnosis and management. PMID:26614697

  9. Displasia fibrosa de seno maxilar / Fibrous Dysplasia of Maxillary Sinus

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Cecilia, Parladé Formell; Yamily, González Cardona; Portelles Massó, Ayelén M; Julio O, Fuentes de la Rosa; Mirian, Vivar Bauzá.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available La displasia fibrosa fue descrita por Lichtenstein en 1938, es una enfermedad caracterizada por el reemplazo progresivo de tejido óseo normal por una proliferación de tejido conectivo fibroso, por su forma de presentación se clasifica en monostótica o poliostótica. La forma monostótica, localizada e [...] n la región craneofacial constituye solo el 10 % de los casos, se presenta con mayor frecuencia en el maxilar superior y puede afectar a huesos adyacentes como el cigomático, esfenoides y occipital. La degeneración sarcomatosa puede ocurrir en un 0,5 %. Se presenta el caso de una paciente femenina, de 37 años de edad, operada ocho años antes de displasia fibrosa en el Servicio de Cirugía Máxilofacial del Hospital Vladimir I. Lenin, que luego de su embarazo y parto presenta un aumento de volumen en área malar y maxilar izquierdos, a la que se le realiza biopsia que da como resultado una recidiva. Se le realiza cirugía remodelativa de pared anterior de seno maxilar, a través de una incisión de Weber-Ferguson, con buenos resultados estéticos y funcionales. Abstract in english Fibrous dysplasia was described by Lichtenstein in 1938, is a progressive disease characterized by replacement of normal bone tissue by proliferation of fibrous connective tissue, its presentation is classified in monostotic or polyostotic. The monostotic form, located in the craniofacial region con [...] stitutes only 10 % of cases, it occurs most frequently in the maxilla and adjacent bones can affect as the zygomatic, sphenoid and occipital. The sarcomatous degeneration can occur in 0.5 %. A 37-year-old female patient, who underwent fibrous dysplasia surgery eight years ago at Maxillofacial Surgery Department of Vladimir I. Lenin Hospital, which after the pregnancy and delivery presented a volume increase in malar and left area is presented in this paper, biopsy is performed whose results showed a recurrence. Remodeling surgery was performed of anterior wall of the maxillary sinus through a Weber-Ferguson incision with good cosmetic and functional results.

  10. A 40-year-old gossypiboma (foreign body granuloma) mimicking a malignant femoral surface tumor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sakayama, Kenshi; Fujibuchi, Taketsugu; Kidani, Teruki; Miyawaki, Joji; Yamamoto, Haruyasu [Ehime University School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Ehime (Japan); Sugawara, Yoshifumi [Ehime University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Ehime (Japan)

    2005-04-01

    The patient was a 61-year-old man who developed gossypiboma of the left thigh and femur resulting in the imaging appearances of a malignant surface tumor. He had a past history of surgery on the left femur for open fracture 40 years previously. Radiographs and CT showed a soft tissue mass with osteolysis and periosteal thickening of the left femur. On MRI, the mass showed heterogeneous signal intensity with contrast enhancement at the periphery, suggesting a malignancy. {sup 99m}Tc-HMDP bone scintigraphy showed a faint ring-like uptake, but thallium -201 scintigraphy did not show any uptake in the tumor. An extensive intralesional excision was performed. Postoperative histopathological examination showed a fibrous foreign body with reactive changes. There were neither viable cells nor atypical giant cells around the foreign body. No malignant change was evident. Based on surgical and histopathological examinations, the tumor was finally diagnosed as gossypiboma related to a retained surgical sponge. (orig.)

  11. Scoliosis and spine involvement in fibrous dysplasia of bone

    OpenAIRE

    Mancini, Federico; Corsi, Alessandro; De Maio, Fernando; Riminucci, Mara; Ippolito, Ernesto

    2009-01-01

    Few studies focused on the prevalence of scoliosis and involvement of the spine in patients with fibrous dysplasia (FD) of bone. We examined for FD involvement of the spine and scoliosis in 56 patients affected by FD of bone. Fifty patients were part of a cohort reported in a multicentric study on FD promoted by European Pediatric Orthopedic Society (EPOS) in 1999, and six were new patients. There were 30 females and 26 males (mean age 12.5 years; range 1–42 years). Twenty-three had monostoti...

  12. Development of fibrous monoliths from mullite, alumina, and zirconia powders

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Polzin, B. J.; Cruse, T. A.; Singh, D.; Picciolo, J. J.; Tsaliagos, R. N.; Phelan, P. J.; Goretta, K. C.

    2000-06-29

    Fibrous monoliths (FMs) based on mullite combined with Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}-stabilized ZrO{sub 2} have been produced. These FMs incorporate duplex cells in which compressive residual stresses were engineered into the surfaces of the cells. The residual stresses should increase average cell strength, which may allow them to achieve mechanical properties comparable to those of Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}/BN FMs. The expected residual stresses have been calculated, and data on sintering and thermal expansion have been gathered. Prototype FMs were produced and their microstructure examined.

  13. Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia associated with intramuscular myxomas: Mazabraud syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Daniel Samper Wamba

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The authors report a new case of Mazabraud syndrome in a 69-year-old woman complaining of pain in her right thigh. Plain radiographs demonstrated radiological findings consistent with polyostotic fibrous dysplasia of the right femur and tibia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI study showed soft tissue tumors located in the vastus intermedius muscle with typical signal features of intramuscular myxomas. Biopsy was not performed because of its benign nature. Symptomatic treatment was prescribed and all the lesions remained 1 year after the diagnosis.

  14. Modeling Ablation of Fibrous Materials from Bulk to Knudsen Regime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lachaud, Jean; Mansour, Nagi N.

    2008-01-01

    Material-environment interactions are analyzed at microscopic scale to explain the lower than expected density observed by post-flight analysis of the char layer on the Stardust shield. Mass transfer, ablation (oxidation), and surface recession of fibrous material is simulated in 3D using a Monte-Carlo simulation tool. Ablation is found to occur either at the surface or in volume depending on Knudsen and Thiele number values. This study supports the idea of volume ablation followed by possible carbon fiber spallation that may explain post-flight analyses.

  15. Fibrous Dysplasia and Fibroblast Growth Factor-23 Regulation

    OpenAIRE

    Boyce, Alison M; Bhattacharyya, Nisan; Collins, Michael T.

    2013-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a skeletal disorder caused by activating mutations in Gs? that result in elevations in cAMP. A feature of FD is elevated blood levels of the bone cell-derived phosphaturic hormone, fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23). FGF23 regulates serum phosphorus and active vitamin D levels by action on proximal renal tubule cells. An essential step in the production of biologically active FGF23 is glycosylation by the UDP-N-acetyl-?-D-galactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosam...

  16. Characterization of three fibrous insulations for potential HTGR application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Three fibrous insulation materials manufactured by Babcock and Wilcox were characterized for possible use as HTGR core thermal insulations. These materials (Unifelt 3000 board, Unifelt 2600 board, and Kaowool blanket) were characterized by spectrographic analysis, x-ray diffractometry, scanning electron microscopy, ignition studies and bulk density measurements, resilience tests, helium permeation tests, and compressive stress-strain tests. Of these properties, resilience is the most important for determining acceptability of material for HTGR use. The arbitrary resilience acceptability criterion is 90% or greater after 20 h at 8160C (15000F). Based on the resilience test, the Unifelt 3000 was acceptable, the Unifelt 2600 was marginal, and the Kaowool was unacceptable

  17. The use of fibrous ion exchangers in gold hydrometallurgy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kautzmann, R. M.; Sampaio, C. H.; Cortina, J. L.; Soldatov, V.; Shunkevich, A.

    2002-10-01

    This article examines a family of ion-exchange fibers, FIBAN, containing primary and secondary amine groups. These ion exchangers have a fiber diameter of 20 40 ?m, high osmotic and mechanic stability, a high rate of adsorption and regeneration, and excellent dynamic characteristics as filtering media. Inparticular, this article discusses the use of FIBAN fibrous ion exchangers in the recovery of gold cyanide andbase-metal cyanides (copper and mercury) from mineral-leaching solutions. The influence of polymer structure and water content on their extraction ability is described, along with key parameters of gold hydrometallurgy such as extraction efficiency, selectivity, pH dependence, gold cyanide loading, kinetics, and stripping.

  18. Undetermined Fibrous Tumor with Calcification in the Cerebellopontine Angle

    OpenAIRE

    Cheon, Se Hun; Kang, Shin-Hyuk; Park, Kyung Jae; Chung, Yong Gu

    2010-01-01

    In this report, we introduce an undetermined fibrous tumor with calcification occurring in the cerebellopontine angle (CPA). A 51-year-old woman was admitted with a short history of dizziness. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance images revealed a 2×2×2 cm sized mass at the left CPA which was round and calcified. There was no dura or internal auditory canal involvement. At surgery, the tumor was located at the exit of 7th and 8th cranial nerve complex. It was very firm, bright yellow an...

  19. BMP-2-loaded silica nanotube fibrous meshes for bone generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Song; Shi, Xuetao; Morita, Hiromi; Li, Jie; Ogawa, Nobuhiro; Ikoma, Toshiyuki; Hayakawa, Satoshi; Shirosaki, Yuki; Osaka, Akiyoshi; Hanagata, Nobutaka

    2011-12-01

    Silica nanotube fibrous meshes were fabricated as multiple functional matrices for both delivering bone morphological protein-2 (BMP-2) and supporting osteoblast attachment and proliferation. The meshes were fabricated via a collagen-templated sol-gel route and consisted of tubular silica with open ends. BMP-2 was loaded to the meshes by soaking in BMP-2 solution. The meshes effectively enabled the attachment and proliferation of osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cells and delivered bioactive BMP-2 to stimulate cell differentiation. These results demonstrate the potential use of the meshes in bone generation applications.

  20. Aggressive malignant phyllodes tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathan Roberts

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: Despite biopsy proven malignant phyllodes tumor, it was near impossible to predict such a rapid course of disease progression in our patient. Our case illustrates the unpredictable nature of this disease in general and it possibly sheds light on a variant of the disease which had undergone an aggressive transformation.

  1. Image diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    3 cases of malignant mesothelioma confirmed by pathological examination were reported. CT showed solid mass with moderate enhancement by contrast medium. CT appears to be a very useful tool to make a diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma. (author)

  2. Radiation associated malignant pleural mesothelioma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malignant pleural mesothelioma of epithelial type developed in a 24 year old woman, 20 years after radiotherapy for Hodgkin's disease. This case and a review of published cases indicate that radiation may induce malignant mesothelioma. (author)

  3. Transarticular invasion of the sacroiliac joints by malignant pelvic bone tumors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Hwang Woo; Huh, Jin Do; Kim, Seong Min; Cho, Young Duk [College of Medicine, Kosin Univ., Pusan (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Kil Ho [College of Medicine, Yeungnam Univ., Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-03-01

    To describe modes of transarticular invasion, with reference to the size and location of a tumor, the anatomic characteristics of invaded cartilage,and the existence of ankylosis in SI joint. Eleven histologically confirmed malignant pelvic bone tumors involving transarticular invasion of sacroiliac joints, were retrospectively analysed. Transarticular invasion of a joint was defined as involvement of its opposing bones. The anatomic site and size of the tumors were analysed, and invaded sacroiliac joint was divided into upper, middle and lower parts on the basis of the anatomic characteristics of the intervening cartilage: synovial hyaline or fibrous ligamentous. the existence of ankylosis was determined, and transarticular invasion directly across a joint was classified as direct invasion. Extension of tumors around a joint from its periphery to the opposing bone were considered as indirect invasion. All tumors were located near the sacroiliac joint, eight at the ilium and three at the sacrum. Six invasions were indirect and five were direct. Average tumor area was larger in indirect cases than in direct: 191.8 cm{sup 2} vs. 69.6 cm{sup 2}. In all indirect invasions, a huge soft tissue mass abutted onto the peripheral portion of the sacroiliac joint. In five of six cases of indirect transarticular invasion, the upper part of the joint posteriorly located fibrous ligamentous cartilage. In the other, the lower part was invaded, and this involved a detour around the joint space, avoiding the invasion of intervening cartilage. Ankylosis occurred in one of the indirect cases. Among the five cases of direct invasion, there was invasion of the posteriorly located ligamentous fibrous cartilage in three without ankylosis. In the other two cases, involving ankylosis, the synovial hyaline cartilage was invaded directly at the lower part of the joint. Transarticular invasions of sacroiliac joint via fibrous cartilage are most common. Ankylosis of the sacroiliac joint facilitates hyaline cartilage invasion. We consider that in transarticular invasion of malignant pelvic bone tumors, indirect invasion is more common than direct.

  4. Fibrous Fillers to Manufacture Ultra High Ash/Performance Paper

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dr. VIjay K. Mathur

    2009-04-30

    The paper industry is one of the largest users of energy and emitters of CO2 in the US manufacturing industry. In addition to that, it is facing tremendous financial pressure due to lower cost imports. The fine paper industry has shrunk from 15 million tons per year production to 10 million tons per year in the last 5 years. This has resulted in mill closures and job loses. The AF&PA and the DOE formed a program called Agenda 2020 to help in funding to develop breakthrough technologies to provide help in meeting these challenges. The objectives of this project were to optimize and scale-up Fibrous Fillers technology, ready for commercial deployment and to develop ultra high ash/high performance paper using Fibrous Fillers. The goal was to reduce energy consumption, carbon footprint, and cost of manufacturing paper and related industries. GRI International (GRI) has been able to demonstrate the techno - economic feasibility and economic advantages of using its various products in both handsheets as well as in commercial paper mills. GRI has also been able to develop sophisticated models that demonstrate the effect of combinations of GRI's fillers at multiple filler levels. GRI has also been able to develop, optimize, and successfully scale-up new products for use in commercial paper mills.

  5. A New Eudesmane Sesquiterpene Glucoside from Liriope muscari Fibrous Roots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong Yan Wang

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The screening of several Chinese medicinal herbs for nematocidal properties showed that the ethanol extract of Liriope muscari fibrous roots possessed significant nematocidal activity against the pine wood nematode (Bursaphelenchus xylophilus. From the ethanol extract, a new constituent (1,4-epoxy-cis-eudesm-6-O-?-D-glucopyranoside and three known glycosides [1?,6?-dihydroxy-cis-eudesm-3-ene-6-O-?-D-glucopyranoside (liriopeoside A, 1?,6?-dihydroxy-cis-eudesm-3-ene-6-O-?-D-glucopyranoside, and 1?,6?-dihydroxy-5,10-bis-epi-eudesm-4(15-ene-6-O-? D-glucopyranoside] were isolated by bioassay-guided fractionation. The structures were elucidated by 1D and 2D NMR and MS techniques. 1,4-Epoxy-cis-eudesm-6-O-?-D-glucopyranoside possessed moderate nemato-cidal activity against B. xylophilus with a LC50 value of 339.76 ?g/mL, while liriopeoside A (LC50 = 82.84 ?g/mL and 1?,6?-dihydroxy-cis-eudesm-3-ene-6-O-?-D-glucopyranoside (LC50 = 153.39 ?g/mL also exhibited nematocidal activity against B. xylophilus. The crude extract of L. muscari fibrous roots exhibited nematocidal activity against the pine wood nematode with a LC50 value of 182.56 ?g/mL.

  6. A micromechanics finite-strain constitutive model of fibrous tissue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Huan; Liu, Yi; Zhao, Xuefeng; Lanir, Yoram; Kassab, Ghassan S.

    2011-09-01

    Biological tissues have unique mechanical properties due to the wavy fibrous collagen and elastin microstructure. In inflation, a vessel easily distends under low pressure but becomes stiffer when the fibers are straightened to take up the load. The current microstructural models of blood vessels assume affine deformation, i.e., the deformation of each fiber is assumed to be identical to the macroscopic deformation of the tissue. This uniform-field (UF) assumption leads to the macroscopic (or effective) strain energy of the tissue that is the volumetric sum of the contributions of the tissue components. Here, a micromechanics-based constitutive model of fibrous tissue is developed to remove the affine assumption and to take into consideration the heterogeneous interactions between the fibers and the ground substance. The development is based on the framework of a recently developed second-order homogenization theory, and takes into account the waviness, orientations and spatial distribution of the fibers, as well as the material nonlinearity at finite-strain deformation. In an illustrative simulation, the predictions of the macroscopic stress-strain relation and the statistical deformation of the fibers are compared to the UF model, as well as finite-element (FE) simulation. Our predictions agree well with the FE results, while the UF predictions significantly overestimate. The effects of fiber distribution and waviness on the macroscopic stress-strain relation are also investigated. The present mathematical model may serves as a foundation for native as well as for engineered tissues and biomaterials.

  7. Heat Transfer Modeling for Rigid High-Temperature Fibrous Insulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daryabeigi, Kamran; Cunnington, George R.; Knutson, Jeffrey R.

    2012-01-01

    Combined radiation and conduction heat transfer through a high-temperature, high-porosity, rigid multiple-fiber fibrous insulation was modeled using a thermal model previously used to model heat transfer in flexible single-fiber fibrous insulation. The rigid insulation studied was alumina enhanced thermal barrier (AETB) at densities between 130 and 260 kilograms per cubic meter. The model consists of using the diffusion approximation for radiation heat transfer, a semi-empirical solid conduction model, and a standard gas conduction model. The relevant parameters needed for the heat transfer model were estimated from steady-state thermal measurements in nitrogen gas at various temperatures and environmental pressures. The heat transfer modeling methodology was evaluated by comparison with standard thermal conductivity measurements, and steady-state thermal measurements in helium and carbon dioxide gases. The heat transfer model is applicable over the temperature range of 300 to 1360 K, pressure range of 0.133 to 101.3 x 10(exp 3) Pa, and over the insulation density range of 130 to 260 kilograms per cubic meter in various gaseous environments.

  8. Modeling tortuosity in fibrous porous media using computational fluid dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vallabh, Rahul

    Tortuosity factor is often used to characterize the structure of the pore volume in fibrous porous media. This work involves the determination of tortuosity using computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulation and particle tracking analysis. A new method has been adopted to generate 3-D geometry for modeling fibrous porous structures using ANSYSRTM Parametric Design Language (APDL). Computation fluid dynamics has been used to simulate permeability of modeled 3-D fiberweb structures. The simulated permeability results are in good agreement with the models proposed by other authors. The experimental results were found to be slightly higher compared to simulated results and existing models due to the layered configuration of the samples. Permeability is found to be significantly influenced by fiber diameter, and porosity as well as fiberweb thickness. The relationship between air permeability and fiberweb thickness has been used to develop an indirect method for determination of tortuosity factor. Tortuosity factor has also been determined using a more direct method involving CFD simulation and Particle Tracking analysis. Different models established using the direct and indirect methods of determination show that tortuosity is significantly influenced by porosity, fiber diameter and fiberweb thickness, whereas the models available in the literature express tortuosity as a function of porosity only.

  9. Malignant Melanoma of the Foot

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of the Foot Text Size Print Bookmark Malignant Melanoma of the Foot What is Malignant Melanoma? Melanoma is a cancer that begins in the cells ... produce pigmentation (coloration). It is also called malignant melanoma because it spreads to other areas of the ...

  10. Diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma in an urban hospital: Clinical spectrum and trend in incidence over time

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This retrospective analysis reviews the clinical experience of a major urban referral hospital with diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma during the 14-year period from 1973 through 1986. Seventy-five cases of definite or equivocal mesothelioma were identified. There were four cases of primary malignant peritoneal mesothelioma, seven cases of benign fibrous mesothelioma, and 64 cases of diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma. In 43 cases (67%) of diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma, there was historic evidence of asbestos exposure. In 21 cases (33%), there was no known history of asbestos exposure. An increase in annual incidence of diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma was observed over the study period, from three cases in 1973 to ten cases in 1986. Despite greater awareness of this disease, the diagnosis remains a difficult one to establish given the nonspecific symptoms, signs and radiographic appearance, variable histologic appearance, and poor diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of thoracentesis and closed pleural biopsy. Thoracotomy, thoracoscopy, and CT-guided needle biopsies gave higher yields and are the diagnostic measures of choice when diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma is suspected

  11. Diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma in an urban hospital: Clinical spectrum and trend in incidence over time

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shepherd, K.E.; Oliver, L.C.; Kazemi, H. (Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (USA))

    1989-01-01

    This retrospective analysis reviews the clinical experience of a major urban referral hospital with diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma during the 14-year period from 1973 through 1986. Seventy-five cases of definite or equivocal mesothelioma were identified. There were four cases of primary malignant peritoneal mesothelioma, seven cases of benign fibrous mesothelioma, and 64 cases of diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma. In 43 cases (67%) of diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma, there was historic evidence of asbestos exposure. In 21 cases (33%), there was no known history of asbestos exposure. An increase in annual incidence of diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma was observed over the study period, from three cases in 1973 to ten cases in 1986. Despite greater awareness of this disease, the diagnosis remains a difficult one to establish given the nonspecific symptoms, signs and radiographic appearance, variable histologic appearance, and poor diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of thoracentesis and closed pleural biopsy. Thoracotomy, thoracoscopy, and CT-guided needle biopsies gave higher yields and are the diagnostic measures of choice when diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma is suspected.

  12. Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spread of cancer cells of the peritoneal surface was previously associated with the impossibility of curative therapy and short-term survival. Scientific and pharmacological studies have shown that prevention and effective treatment are now a reality. Diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma is the rarest and dangerous abdominal malignancy. The author points to modest results in the systemic treatment contrasts with the modern multimodal approach, which extended the survival of patients. The treatment consists of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) including peritonectomy (PE) and the perioperative application of the combination of cytotoxic agents in hyperthermia (HIPEC). Currently there are studies that show an acceptable mortality, morbidity and profits, including long-term survival in a group of patients with ineffective or exhausted conventional oncological treatment. (author)

  13. Primary malignant pericardial mesothelioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turk, J; Kenda, M; Kranjec, I

    1991-09-16

    Malignant primary tumors of the pericardium are rare. The authors present two male patients, aged 44 and 67 years, not exposed to asbestos, who died from pericardial mesothelioma. Repeated evacuation of fluid from the pericardium due to cardiac tamponade failed to reveal the cause of pericarditis. In one case, the diagnosis was made on surgical exploration, and in the other, at autopsy. A significant difference between benign and malignant pericardial effusion was observed. In cases of pericardial mesothelioma, symptoms of epicardial involvement cannot be attributed solely to the hindered inflow and cardiac tamponade, but also to congestive heart failure due to myocardial infiltration. In one patient, temporary improvement was achieved, first by pronisone therapy and then by radiotherapy. PMID:1749207

  14. Hyaluronan in human malignancies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hyaluronan, a major macropolysaccharide in the extracellular matrix of connective tissues, is intimately involved in the biology of cancer. Hyaluronan accumulates into the stroma of various human tumors and modulates intracellular signaling pathways, cell proliferation, motility and invasive properties of malignant cells. Experimental and clinicopathological evidence highlights the importance of hyaluronan in tumor growth and metastasis. A high stromal hyaluronan content is associated with poorly differentiated tumors and aggressive clinical behavior in human adenocarcinomas. Instead, the squamous cell carcinomas and malignant melanomas tend to have a reduced hyaluronan content. In addition to the stroma-cancer cell interaction, hyaluronan can influence stromal cell recruitment, tumor angiogenesis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Hyaluronan receptors, hyaluronan synthases and hyaluronan degrading enzymes, hyaluronidases, are involved in the modulation of cancer progression, depending on the tumor type. Furthermore, intracellular signaling and angiogenesis are affected by the degradation products of hyaluronan. Hyaluronan has also therapeutic implications since it is involved in multidrug resistance.

  15. Low level hydrogen peroxide generation from a nonwoven fibrous pectin-cellulose blend

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fibrous pectic-cellulose (FPC) (cellulose blended with primary cell wall pectin at 2 percent by weight of pectin) is product made from naturally occurring plant fibers. FPC is a fibrous mixture of polysaccharides with a low percent by weight of pectin-based primary cell wall and lipid components att...

  16. High-surface-area silica nanospheres (KCC-1) with a fibrous morphology

    KAUST Repository

    Polshettiwar, Vivek

    2010-08-02

    Fibrous nanosilica: A new family of high-surface-area silica nanospheres (KCC-1) have been prepared (see picture). KCC-1 features excellent physical properties, including high surface area, unprecedented fibrous surface morphology, high thermal (up to 950 °C) and hydrothermal stabilities, and high mechanical stability. Copyright © 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  17. Sunburn and malignant melanoma.

    OpenAIRE

    Green, A.; Siskind, V.; C. Bain; Alexander, J.

    1985-01-01

    We investigated the relationship between cutaneous malignant melanoma and multiple sunburns in the Queensland population. Interview data were gathered from 236 case-control pairs concerning their lifetime experience of severe sunburns, their occupational and recreational sun exposure, and their skin type. Excluding the lentigo maligna melanoma subtype, an association between multiple sunburns and melanoma was evident. After controlling for other major risk factors there was a significant dose...

  18. Intravascular malignant lymphomatosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Intravascular malignant lymphomatosis is a rare and probably often overlooked disease characterised by massive intravascular proliferation of lymphoid cells, usually with a poor prognosis. CT and MRI appearances are nonspecific; the most suggestive finding being both asymmetrical, bilateral, contrast enhancing high-signal areas on T2 weighting and infarct-like lesions of the cortex and basal ganglia. We report two patients with previously unreported dural and spinal cord involvement. (orig.)

  19. Malignant Hypertension: Ocular Manifestations

    OpenAIRE

    Silvia Muñoz; Nieves Martín; Jorge Arruga

    2006-01-01

    Malignant hypertension may be the first manifestation of systemic hypertension. We report a clinical case of a Caucasian 41-year-old man with no previous history of blood hypertension seen at casualty because of blurred vision. Fundus examination disclosed optic disk swelling, retinal hemorrhages and infarcts. The blood pressure was 220/130 mmHg. After the appropriate management of hypertension, optic disk and retinal edema resolved, leaving minor changes as mild optic disk pallor and hard ex...

  20. Microbiome and Malignancy

    OpenAIRE

    Plottel, Claudia S.; Blaser, Martin J.

    2011-01-01

    Current knowledge is insufficient to explain why only a proportion of individuals exposed to environmental carcinogens or carrying a genetic predisposition to cancer develop disease. Clearly, other factors must be important and one such element that has recently received attention is the human microbiome, the residential microbes including Bacteria, Archaea, Eukaryotes, and viruses that colonize humans. Here, we review principles and paradigms of microbiome-related malignancy, as illustrated ...

  1. Acquired hemophilia in malignancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reeves, Brandi N; Key, Nigel S

    2012-04-01

    Acquired hemophilia is a rare but potentially morbid complication in patients with cancer. It may be seen in patients with hematologic neoplasms (usually lymphoproliferative disorders) or with solid tumors. Although the presence of an underlying malignancy portends a worse outcome, the literature suggests that the usual principles of treatment, including immunosuppression, apply to these patients. However, appropriate consideration should be given to the choice of agents, depending on individual risk factors for complications such as thrombosis and infection. PMID:22682137

  2. Meningioma maligno / Malignant meningioma

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Yvei, González Orlandi; Luis, Elizondo Barrier; Reinel, Junco Martín; Jorge, Rojas Manresa; Víctor, Duboy Limonta; Alberto, Pérez Villafuerte.

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Los meningiomas intracraneales son tumores por lo general benignos, de crecimiento lento, y se originan en la capa de células aracnoideas, especialmente en las granulaciones aracnoideas. Los meningiomas anaplásicos o malignos representen solo el 1-3 %. En ocasiones simulan lesiones tumorales neuroep [...] iteliales malignas, por su crecimiento rápido y la frecuente invasión al tejido cerebral vecino; suelen recidivar con mayor frecuencia y muchas veces requieren terapia coadyuvante. Las imágenes topográficas de este tipo de tumores suelen ser hiperdensas, con muy buena captación del contraste, regulares y bien delimitadas con poco o ningún edema asociado, todo lo contrario a lo visto en el caso que se presenta, en el cual las imágenes parecían corresponder a las de un glioma maligno (glioblastoma multiforme). Abstract in english The intracranial meningiomas are tumors in general of benign type of a slow growth originating in the arachnoid cells layer, especially in arachnoid granulations. The anaplastic or malignant meningiomas accounted for only the 1-3%. Sometimes they simulate malignant neuroepithelial lesions due to its [...] fast growth and the frequent invasion of surrounding cerebral tissue with very frequent relapses and many times they required adjuvant therapy. The topographic images of this type of tumor are hyper-denses with a good contrast capture, regular and well defined with not much or not associated edema, quite the contrary that observed in present case where images seems to correspond with those of a malignant glioma (multiforme glioblastoma).

  3. Classification of malignant lymphomas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malignant lymphomas, primary tumors of the lymphoid tissues, were first described in 1832 by Thomas Hodgkin. The histological characteristics were later defined by Sternberg and Reed, and Virchow introduced the concept of lymphosarcoma in 1863. Today, these pathologies are grouped together under the synonymous terms hematosarcoma or malignant lymphoma, which are in turn divided into Hodgkin's disease (HD) and non-Hodgkin's malignant lymphomas (NHL). The therapy of lymphomas is controversial. The validity of treatment for asymptomatic patients is questioned, owing to the indolent course of many lymphomas. Results for histologically unfavorable forms are highly disparate. Exclusive radiotherapy has occasionally produced up to 78% disease-free survival at 5 years for truly localized stages. Today, however, use of chemotherapy/radiotherapy combinations is almost universal, with chemotherapy occasionally being used alone and providing 90% disease-free survival at 5 years. Chemotherapy is the main treatment for disseminated forms; the major associations include doxorubicin hydrochloride (Adriamycin), cyclophosphamide, vincristine sulfate, methotrexate, and prednisone. Radiotherapy is used more for adjuvant purposes. Synthesis of recent studies allows us to reasonably expect 40% relapse-free survival at 10 years and the establishment of a cure plateau in the near future

  4. Meningioma maligno Malignant meningioma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yvei González Orlandi

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Los meningiomas intracraneales son tumores por lo general benignos, de crecimiento lento, y se originan en la capa de células aracnoideas, especialmente en las granulaciones aracnoideas. Los meningiomas anaplásicos o malignos representen solo el 1-3 %. En ocasiones simulan lesiones tumorales neuroepiteliales malignas, por su crecimiento rápido y la frecuente invasión al tejido cerebral vecino; suelen recidivar con mayor frecuencia y muchas veces requieren terapia coadyuvante. Las imágenes topográficas de este tipo de tumores suelen ser hiperdensas, con muy buena captación del contraste, regulares y bien delimitadas con poco o ningún edema asociado, todo lo contrario a lo visto en el caso que se presenta, en el cual las imágenes parecían corresponder a las de un glioma maligno (glioblastoma multiforme.The intracranial meningiomas are tumors in general of benign type of a slow growth originating in the arachnoid cells layer, especially in arachnoid granulations. The anaplastic or malignant meningiomas accounted for only the 1-3%. Sometimes they simulate malignant neuroepithelial lesions due to its fast growth and the frequent invasion of surrounding cerebral tissue with very frequent relapses and many times they required adjuvant therapy. The topographic images of this type of tumor are hyper-denses with a good contrast capture, regular and well defined with not much or not associated edema, quite the contrary that observed in present case where images seems to correspond with those of a malignant glioma (multiforme glioblastoma.

  5. Fibrous scar in the infrapatellar fat pad after arthroscopy. MR imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tang, Guangyu; Niitsu, Mamoru; Ikeda, Kotaro; Itai, Yuji [Tsukuba Univ., Ibaraki (Japan). Inst. of Clinical Medicine; Endo, Hideho

    2000-02-01

    We describe the MR appearance of fibrous scars in the infrapatellar fat pad after arthroscopy. The subjects were 96 patients who underwent arthroscope-assisted anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and were examined by oblique sagittal MR imaging at different follow-up intervals. Two observers evaluated the characteristics of the fibrous scars in the infrapatellar fat pad. All fibrous scars with low signal intensity were accentuated at the portal and coursed horizontally through the infrapatellar fat pad. The fibrous scar within the fat pad occurred and peaked within 6 months after arthroscopy. It then subsided gradually and had disappeared by one year later in nearly half of the patients. Identifying MR imaging characteristics of fibrous scars in the fat pad after arthroscopy may be clinically helpful to differentiate these scars from other abnormalities that involve the infrapatellar fat pad. (author)

  6. Fibrous scar in the infrapatellar fat pad after arthroscopy. MR imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We describe the MR appearance of fibrous scars in the infrapatellar fat pad after arthroscopy. The subjects were 96 patients who underwent arthroscope-assisted anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and were examined by oblique sagittal MR imaging at different follow-up intervals. Two observers evaluated the characteristics of the fibrous scars in the infrapatellar fat pad. All fibrous scars with low signal intensity were accentuated at the portal and coursed horizontally through the infrapatellar fat pad. The fibrous scar within the fat pad occurred and peaked within 6 months after arthroscopy. It then subsided gradually and had disappeared by one year later in nearly half of the patients. Identifying MR imaging characteristics of fibrous scars in the fat pad after arthroscopy may be clinically helpful to differentiate these scars from other abnormalities that involve the infrapatellar fat pad. (author)

  7. FIBROUS DYSPLASIA OF PROXIMAL PHALANX OF HAND A RADIOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS AND HISTOPATHOLOGICAL CONFIRMATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shobha

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Fibrous dysplasia is a benign skeletal developmental anomaly, which is manifested as a defect in osteoblastic differentiation and maturation of a normal bone that leads to structurally weak fibrous and osseous (bone-like tissue. In normal bone formation, woven bone appears first and later matures into lamellar bone and in fibrous dysplasia, bone does not mature and development stops in the woven bone stage. Most commonly involved bones are femur, tibia, pelvis, ribs and skull. Small bones of hands or feet are rarely involved. This disorder is usually diagnosed in childhood or early adulthood and can affect one or several bones. Histopathology reveals abundant amount of fibrous tissue and disorganized bony trabeculae and spindle cells. Normal bone pattern is not demonstrated. Here we report a very rare case of fibrous dysplasia involving proximal phalanx of the hand diagnosed on radiological features with histopathological confirmation.

  8. Post-radiation soft tissue sarcoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seven patients received radiation for malignancies, and two received for benign tumors. The latency period from radiation to symptom ranged from two years to 36 years (mean 17.2 years). Post-radiation soft tissue sarcomas (PRS) comprised six cases of malignant fibrous histiocytomas, two leiomyosarcomas, and one angiosarcoma. The five-year survival of PRS was 16.7% showing a worse prognosis than spontaneously occurring soft tissue sarcomas. Seven PRS occurred superficially, and two were deeply located. Four cases occurring in the superficial tissues had histories of radiation-induced dermatitis. The radiation-induced dermatitis was suggested to be a risk factor for development of PRS. (author)

  9. CT findings of retroperitoneal masses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Retrospective analysis of forty one retroperitoneal masses was made with computed tomography. All cases were confirmed pathologically by operation or needle aspiration biopsy. The cases were; 14 abscesses, 2 leiomyosarcomas, 2 rhabdomyosarcomas, 2 liposarcomas, 1 undifferentiated sarcoma, 3 endodermal sinus tumors, 4 teratomas, 2 neurofibromas, 1 neurilemoma, 3 neuroblastomas, 4 malignant lymphomas, 2 malignant fibrous histiocytomas and 1 hemangiopericytoma. Tumors originated from urinary tract and pancreas were not included. Findings favor tumor rather than inflammation were; large lobulated soft tissue mass with eccentric or heterogeneous low density, thick cavity wall, disruption of fascial planes, regional lymphnode enlargement and distant metastasis

  10. Uncommon breast lesions. Radiologic and pathologic findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To illustrate the radiologic findings in several uncommon breast and infrequent diseases that present with unusual mammographic images. We reviewed the mammograms performed in our department between 1998 and 1995, selecting 16 patients (12 women and 4 men). Nine patients had benign breast lesions (adenomyoepithelioma, epidermal cyst, adenoid cystic carcinoma, myofibroblastoma, multiple hamartomas, intra cystic papillomas, lipoma, idiopathic granulomatous mastitis and fat necrosis) and 7 patients presented malignant breast diseases (malignant fibrous histiocytoma, intra cystic carcinoma, primary lymphoma of the breast, liposarcoma and metastasis). We present a review of the radiologic and pathologic findings in several uncommon breast diseases. (Author) 14 refs

  11. Determination of physical properties of fibrous thermal insulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tilioua, A.; Libessart, L.; Joulin, A.; Lassue, S.; Monod, B.; Jeandel, G.

    2012-10-01

    The objective of this study is to characterize both experimentally and theoretically, conductive and radiative heat transfer within polyester batting. This material is derived from recycled bottles (PET) with fibres of constant diameters. Two other mineral and plant fibrous insulation materials, (glass wool and hemp wool) are also characterized for comparative purposes. To determine the overall thermophysical properties of the tested materials, heat flux measurement are carried out using a device developed in house. The radiative properties of the material are determined by an inverse method based on measurements of transmittance and reflectance using a FTIR spectrometer and by solving the equation of radiative heat transfer. These measures are compared to results of numerical simulations.

  12. Alumina composites for oxide/oxide fibrous monoliths

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Most work on ceramic fibrous monoliths (FMs) has focused on the Si3N4/BN system. In an effort to develop oxidation-resistant FMs, several oxide systems have recently been examined. Zirconia-toughened alumina and alumina/mullite appear to be good candidates for the cell phase of FMs. These composites offer higher strength and toughness than pure alumina and good high-temperature stability. By combining these oxides, possibly with a weaker high-temperature oxide as the cell-boundary phase, it should be possible to product a strong, resilient FM that exhibits graceful failure. Several material combinations have been examined. Results on FM fabrication and microstructural development are presented

  13. Filtration efficiency of a fibrous filter for nanoparticles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The filtration efficiency for nanoparticles down to 1 nm in size through glass fibrous filters was measured using an improved PSM-CNC system. In addition, the effects of relative humidity and particle charge were investigated for various nanoparticle diameters. The results show that the filtration efficiencies were independent of humidity and affected by particle charge in the case of particles below 100 nm in size. For particles smaller than 2 nm, the particle penetrations increased with decreasing particle size. These results suggest that the thermal rebound phenomena would be operative for nanoparticles with diameters below 2 nm, even though it would depend on the states of both the particles and the filter media. These results are particularly important for experimental investigations of the behavior of nanoparticles on a filter

  14. Solitary fibrous tumor of the liver: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying Li-Xiong

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Hepatic solitary fibrous tumor (SFT is a rare tumor originating from the mesenchyme. Here we report a new case of SFT in the liver and review the clinical presentation, radiological and operative findings, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome. The patient was a 59-year-old man who presented with progressive fatigue for 3 months and an abdominal mass for 3 days. On laboratory tests, no abnormality was detected except that abdominal ultrasonography revealed a 9.0 × 6.2 cm hypoechogenic mass in the left lobe of the liver. A computed tomographic scan confirmed a hypodense lesion in the left lobe of the liver. The patient underwent left hepatectomy. SFT was diagnosed on the basis of histopathological findings. The patient was free from all symptoms and had no signs of local recurrence after 24 months' follow up.

  15. A theoretical analysis of local thermal equilibrium in fibrous materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tian Mingwei

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The internal heat exchange between each phase and the Local Thermal Equilibrium (LTE scenarios in multi-phase fibrous materials are considered in this paper. Based on the two-phase heat transfer model, a criterion is proposed to evaluate the LTE condition, using derived characteristic parameters. Furthermore, the LTE situations in isothermal/adiabatic boundary cases with two different heat sources (constant heat flux and constant temperature are assessed as special transient cases to test the proposed criterion system, and the influence of such different cases on their LTE status are elucidated. In addition, it is demonstrated that even the convective boundary problems can be generally estimated using this approach. Finally, effects on LTE of the material properties (thermal conductivity, volumetric heat capacity of each phase, sample porosity and pore hydraulic radius are investigated, illustrated and discussed in our study.

  16. Determination of physical properties of fibrous thermal insulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeandel G.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to characterize both experimentally and theoretically, conductive and radiative heat transfer within polyester batting. This material is derived from recycled bottles (PET with fibres of constant diameters. Two other mineral and plant fibrous insulation materials, (glass wool and hemp wool are also characterized for comparative purposes. To determine the overall thermophysical properties of the tested materials, heat flux measurement are carried out using a device developed in house. The radiative properties of the material are determined by an inverse method based on measurements of transmittance and reflectance using a FTIR spectrometer and by solving the equation of radiative heat transfer. These measures are compared to results of numerical simulations.

  17. Focal fibrous overgrowths: A case series and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhay P Kolte

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Intraoral fibrous overgrowths of the soft tissues are relatively common and may be benign reactive or neoplastic lesions. A series of 10 lesions is presented which included pyogenic granuloma, fibroma and peripheral ossifying fibroma. Almost all the lesions occurred in the second and third decades and were present in the anterior segment of the jaws, with a distinct female predilection. Majority of these lesions were asymptomatic and the patients reported for treatment only due to the discomfort during function. Histopathologic examinations were done for diagnosis of these lesions. Surgical excision along with removal of causative irritants remains the treatment of choice. The extent of excision should depend on the severity of the lesion, as some of these lesions have a tendency for recurrence. All the patients in this series were closely followed up for a period of 2 years and showed no signs of recurrence.

  18. EXTRA PLEURAL SOLITARY FIBROUS TUMOR: A REPORT OF TWO CASES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meenakumari

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available : Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT belongs to a group of mesenchymal tumors, first described as a primary spindle cell tumor of the pleura in 1931. Recently, SFT has been reported in various locations with no relation to serosal surface. We describe two such cases in unusual sites of orbit and nasal cavity. Histopathologically, the tumors had a disorganized or “patternless” arrangement of spindle cells in a collagenous background and prominent vascular channels of varying sizes. Immunohistochemically both tumours showed CD 34 positivity. The two patients had benign clinical course with limited follow-up. SFT should be included in the differential diagnosis of spindle cell tumors arising in the nasal cavity and orbit.

  19. Hyperostotic esthesioneuroblasma: Rare variant and fibrous dysplasia mimicker

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahmed, Manzoor [Neuroradiology Section, Imaging Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland (United States); Knott, Phillip Daniel [Director of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Associate Professor of Otolaryngology, UCSF School of Medicine, San Fransisco (United States)

    2014-02-15

    A 65-year-old male presented with a 3-year history of orbital symptoms. An imaging-based diagnosis of fibrous dysplasia involving the skull base was made at another institution. CT showed a diffuse sinonasal mass and ground-glass appearance of the bones of the anterior skull base with bony defects and mucocele formation. MRI demonstrated an accompanying intracranial and orbital rind of soft tissue mass along the hyperostotic bones. FDG-PET showed corresponding intense hypermetabolism. Small cysts were observed at the tumor-brain interface. Biopsy revealed esthesioneuroblastoma with bone infiltration that is compatible with the hyperostotic variant of esthesioneuroblastoma. There are a few cases of hyperostotic esthesioneuroblastoma reported in the literature.

  20. Vulvar sarcomas: Short guideline for histopathological recognition and clinical management. Part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chokoeva, A A; Tchernev, G; Cardoso, J C; Patterson, J W; Dechev, I; Valkanov, S; Zanardelli, M; Lotti, T; Wollina, U

    2015-06-01

    Malignant tumors of the female reproductive system are a serious health and social problem, as they are the second most common cause of death among women, after breast cancer. Vulvar tumors represent only 4% of all gynecological neoplasms, and they are fourth in frequency after tumors of the cervix, uterus, and ovary. Ninety-eight percent of all vulvar tumors are benign and only 2% are malignant. Sarcomas of the vulva comprise approximately 1-3% of all vulvar cancers. They are characterized by rapid growth, high metastatic potential, frequent recurrences, aggressive behavior, and high mortality rate. In Part 1 of this paper, we presented the most common forms of sarcoma of the vulva: leiomyosarcoma, epithelioid sarcoma, malignant rhabdoid tumor, and rhabdomyosarcoma. The second part of this review will focus mainly on the rarest variants of vulvar sarcoma: low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma, synovial sarcoma, monophasic synovial sarcoma, carcinosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, myeloid sarcoma, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma, liposarcoma, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor, and malignant mesothelioma. PMID:25816393

  1. Radiotherapy of malignant melanoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the last years is increasing clinical evidence to contradict the well-established idea that melanomas are uniformly radiation resistant. Although surgery remains the first choice for most localized melanoma, radiotherapy is an alternative in a small subgroup of patients in whom the surgery was associated with a deformity, for example in lentigo malign melanoma localized on the face, and in melanoma of the UVEA. Adjuvant radiation therapy following lymphadenectomy in node positive melanoma prevents local and regional recurrence. Stereotactic radiosurgery for brain metastases has shown effective local control The radiotherapy is likely to play a greater role in melanoma management. (author)

  2. Radiographic Differential Diagnosis Between The Fibrous Dysplasia And The Ossifying Fibroma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Karp Shik [Dept. of Dental Radiology, College of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-02-15

    The author observed and compared the radiographic features of 49 cases of the fibrous dysplasia and 14 cases of the ossifying fibroma in the osteoblastic or mature stage radiologically and histopathologically. The obtained results were as follows: 1. Fibrous dysplasia occurred most frequently in the 2nd decade, but ossifying fibroma in the 3rd and 4th decades, and both lesions occurred with slight predilection in females. 2. In most cases, chief complaints were painless facial swelling. And 61.1% of fibrous dysplasia occurred in the maxilla, 92.9% of ossifying fibroma in the mandible, and most of these lesions occurred in the premolar-molar region. 3. In the mandibular lesions, ossifying fibroma was shown more oval and round shape, but fibrous dysplasia was shown fusiform shape. 4. Fibrous dysplasia was shown homogeneously distributed, complete radiopaque shadow at 63%, and ossifying fibroma was shown concentric, mixed appearance of radiolucent and radiopaque shadow at 92.9%. 5. Fibrous dysplasia was entirely shown poorly outlined and blended to normal surrounding bone, but ossifying fibroma was shown well-defined border. 6. Cortical thinning and expansion were observed in these lesions, but degree of cortical expansion was more severe in ossifying fibroma than fibrous dysplasia. 7. Loss of lamina dura, tooth displacement, and displacement of mandibular canal were observed in both lesions, but root resorption was observed in ossifying fibroma only.

  3. Creation of Hybrid Nanorods From Sequences of Natural Trimeric Fibrous Proteins Using the Fibritin Trimerization Motif

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papanikolopoulou, Katerina; van Raaij, Mark J.; Mitraki, Anna

    Stable, artificial fibrous proteins that can be functionalized open new avenues in fields such as bionanomaterials design and fiber engineering. An important source of inspiration for the creation of such proteins are natural fibrous proteins such as collagen, elastin, insect silks, and fibers from phages and viruses. The fibrous parts of this last class of proteins usually adopt trimeric, ?-stranded structural folds and are appended to globular, receptor-binding domains. It has been recently shown that the globular domains are essential for correct folding and trimerization and can be successfully substituted by a very small (27-amino acid) trimerization motif from phage T4 fibritin. The hybrid proteins are correctly folded nanorods that can withstand extreme conditions. When the fibrous part derives from the adenovirus fiber shaft, different tissue-targeting specificities can be engineered into the hybrid proteins, which therefore can be used as gene therapy vectors. The integration of such stable nanorods in devices is also a big challenge in the field of biomechanical design. The fibritin foldon domain is a versatile trimerization motif and can be combined with a variety of fibrous motifs, such as coiled-coil, collagenous, and triple ?-stranded motifs, provided the appropriate linkers are used. The combination of different motifs within the same fibrous molecule to create stable rods with multiple functions can even be envisioned. We provide a comprehensive overview of the experimental procedures used for designing, creating, and characterizing hybrid fibrous nanorods using the fibritin trimerization motif.

  4. GNAS mutational analysis in differentiating fibrous dysplasia and ossifying fibroma of the jaw.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Rui-Rui; Li, Xue-Fen; Zhang, Ran; Chen, Yan; Li, Tie-Jun

    2013-08-01

    Differential diagnosis of fibrous dysplasia and ossifying fibroma may often pose problems for pathologists. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the value of mutational analysis of the GNAS gene in differentiating these two conditions. DNA samples from patients with fibrous dysplasia (n=30) and ossifying fibroma (n=21) were collected to analyze the presence of GNAS mutations at exons 8 and 9, the two previously reported hotspot regions, using polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing. In all, 90% (27/30) of cases with fibrous dysplasia showed missense mutations of codon 201 at exon 8, with a predilection of arginine-to-histidine substitution (p.R201H, 70%) as opposed to arginine-to-cysteine substitution (p.R201C, 30%), whereas no mutation was detected at exon 9. No mutation was found in all 21 cases with ossifying fibroma. In addition, a meta-analysis of previously published reports on GNAS mutations in fibrous dysplasia and ossifying fibroma was performed to substantiate our findings. A total of 24 reports including 307 cases of fibrous dysplasia and 23 cases of ossifying fibroma were reviewed. The overall incidence of GNAS mutations in fibrous dysplasia was 86% (264/307), and the major types of mutations were also R201H (53%) and R201C (45%). No GNAS mutation was detected in all patients with ossifying fibroma. We also reported one case with uncertain diagnosis due to overlapping clinicopathological features of fibrous dysplasia and ossifying fibroma. An R201H mutation was detected in this case, thus confirming a diagnosis of fibrous dysplasia. Taken together, our findings indicate that mutational analysis of GNAS gene is a reliable adjunct to differentiate ossifying fibroma and fibrous dysplasia of the jaws. PMID:23503642

  5. Radioimmunotherapy of malignancies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The critical issues in radioimmunotherapy are highlighted, and novel ways of improving the therapeutic indexes of radioimmunotherapeutic agents are outlined. The use of radioactively labeled monoclonal antibodies to treat malignant tumors has been investigated in animals and humans. Radionuclides suitable for labeling antibodies for such use include iodine 125, iodine 131, yttrium 90, rhenium 188, and copper 67. Radiobiological factors to be considered in radioimmunotherapy include the size and density of the tumor and the ability of a radiolabeled antibody to penetrate the tumor nodule. The dose of radiation required to destroy a tumor varies; however, the whole-body dose must not exceed 200 rads to avoid irreversible toxicity to the bone marrow. Despite the theoretical inadequacy of radiation doses to tumors indicated by conventional dosimetry, responses have been observed in animals and humans. More reliable and accurate dosimetric methods are under development. The induction of human antimouse antibodies can alter the pharmacokinetics of radiolabeled antibodies. Improving the therapeutic index of radioimmunotherapeutic agents may be achieved through regional therapy, administering a secondary antibody to improve clearance, combining radioimmunotherapy with external-beam irradiation, using an avidin-biotin conjugate system to deliver the radiolabeled antibodies, and addressing the problem of tumor antigen heterogeneity. Researchers are working to reduce or eliminate the clinical problems associated with radioimmunotherapy. Hematologic malignancies, such as lymphomas, are more likely than solid tumors to respond satisfactorily. 110 refs

  6. Radiotherapy of malignant melanoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The role of radiotherapy in the treatment of malignant melanoma is limited, and surgery generally forms the mainstay of medical practice. However, there are some circumstances in which radiotherapy should be considered the treatment of choice. Symptomatic metastatic lesions in bone or brain can effectively be palliated in a substantial proportion of instances. At the current stage of our knowledge, conventionally fractionated treatment of such lesions forms the standard against which other treatments should be measured. In contrast, metastatic lesions to skin or lymph nodes that do not overlie critical normal structures probably are better treated by high-dose-per-fraction techniques. Radiotherapy may play a definitive role in the treatment of lentigo maligna. The precise optimal energy of the beam to be used remains to be defined. Slightly more penetrating radiation appears to be required for lentigo maligna melanomas. Here, too, the optimal energy remains to be defined. The treatment of nonlentigenous melanomas primarily by radiotherapy is unproved in my opinion. Certainly, the data from the Princess Margaret Hospital is exciting, but I believe it must be corroborated by a well-designed trial before it can be accepted without question. Future directions in treatment of malignant melanoma are likely to include further trials of unconventional fractionation and the use of radiosensitizing agents in conjunction with radiotherapy. The time for dermatologists and radiation therapists to cooperate in such studies is at hand

  7. A Rare Malignant Triton Tumor

    OpenAIRE

    Tripathy, Kalpalata; Mallik, Rabinarayan; Mishra, Aparajita; Misra, Debiprasad; Rout, Niranjan; Nayak, Padmalaya; Samantray, Sagarika; Rath, Jayshree

    2010-01-01

    Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor with rhabdomyoblastic differentiation, malignant triton tumor, has a rare incidence. We report such a case in a 40-year-old male who presented with a mass over the buttock. He was a previously diagnosed case of neurofibroma in the same area. Histomorphology supported by immunostaining with S-100 protein confirmed the diagnosis. Malignant triton tumor has a poor prognosis owing to its aggressive biological behavior. The fact that the presence of this tum...

  8. Ibrutinib for B cell malignancies

    OpenAIRE

    Novero, Aileen; Ravella, Pavan M; Chen, Yamei; Dous, George; Liu, Delong

    2014-01-01

    Research over the role of Bruton’s agammaglobulinemia tyrosine kinase (BTK) in B-lymphocyte development, differentiation, signaling and survival has led to better understanding of the pathogenesis of B-cell malignancies. Down-regulation of BTK activity is an attractive novel strategy for treating patients with B-cell malignancies. Ibrutinib (PCI-32765), a potent inhibitor of BTK induces impressive responses in B-cell malignancies through irreversible bond with cysteine-481 in the active site ...

  9. Solitary fibrous tumor with giant multinucleated cells in the retroperitoneum - A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amel Trabelsi

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Context: Solitary fibrous tumor is a distinct neoplasm, rarely recognized in extrathoracic sites. Case report: The article reports a new case in the retroperitoneum in a 55 year-old man, who presented with urinary symptoms. Tumor was completely excised, and the solitary fibrous tumor was diagnosed after pathologic examination and immunohistochemistry. The patient has remained free of disease for five years since surgery. Conclusion: An uncommon variant of retroperitoneal solitary fibrous tumor with giant multinucleated cells was documented in the study.

  10. A large infiltrating fibrous hamartoma of infancy in the abdominal wall with rare associated tuberous sclerosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Hye-Jeong; Lim, Gye-Yeon [The Catholic University of Korea, Department of Radiology, St. Mary' s Hospital, Seoul (Korea); You, Chang-Young [The Catholic University of Korea, Department of Pathology, St. Mary' s Hospital, Seoul (Korea)

    2009-07-15

    Tuberous sclerosis is a complex autosomal-dominant neurocutaneous syndrome characterized by hamartomatous malformations of fibrous and connective tissues in various organs. Although various histologic types of soft-tissue masses can occur with tuberous sclerosis, we present a unique case of fibrous hamartoma of infancy presenting as large infiltrating cutaneous and subcutaneous masses in the abdominal wall in a 4-year-old boy with tuberous sclerosis. Although the co-occurrence of tuberous sclerosis and fibrous hamartoma of infancy is very rare, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of subcutaneous soft-tissue masses found in children with tuberous sclerosis. (orig.)

  11. A large infiltrating fibrous hamartoma of infancy in the abdominal wall with rare associated tuberous sclerosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tuberous sclerosis is a complex autosomal-dominant neurocutaneous syndrome characterized by hamartomatous malformations of fibrous and connective tissues in various organs. Although various histologic types of soft-tissue masses can occur with tuberous sclerosis, we present a unique case of fibrous hamartoma of infancy presenting as large infiltrating cutaneous and subcutaneous masses in the abdominal wall in a 4-year-old boy with tuberous sclerosis. Although the co-occurrence of tuberous sclerosis and fibrous hamartoma of infancy is very rare, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of subcutaneous soft-tissue masses found in children with tuberous sclerosis. (orig.)

  12. Effect of Fibrous Concrete Layers on Behavior of Self-Compacting Concrete Slabs under Uniform Load

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. Ahmed S. D. AL-Ridha

    2014-01-01

    This research study the effect of using fibrous concrete layers on behavior of two way Self-Compacting Concrete slabs with ratio (length/width) ?1.618 [golden ratio] using steel fiber. The experimental work can be divided in two groups, each group having steel fiber–volume fractions of 0.4% and 0.8%, moreover both groups having two concrete slabs one with two fibrous layers (bottom + top) and the other with one fibrous layer (bottom), in additional to concrete slab without ste...

  13. Use of artificial intelligence techniques for diagnosis of malignant pleural mesothelioma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orhan Er

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Malignant pleural mesothelioma is a highly aggressive tumor of the serous membranes, which in humans results from exposure to asbestos and asbestiform fibers. The incidence of malignant mesothelioma is extremely high in some Turkish villages where there is a low-level environmental exposure to erionite, a fibrous zeolite. Therefore epidemiological studies are difficult to perform in Turkey. Methods: In this paper, a study on malignant pleural mesothelioma disease diagnosis was realized by using artificial immune system. Also, the artificial immune system result was compared with the result of the multi-layer neural network focusing on malignant pleural mesothelioma disease diagnosis and using same database. The malignant pleural mesothelioma disease dataset were prepared from a faculty of medicine’s database using patient’s hospital reports. Results: 97.74% accuracy performance is obtained by artificial immune system. The accuracy results of artificial immune system algorithm are much better than the accuracy results of multi-layer neural network algorithm. Conclusion: This system is capable of conducting the classification process with a good performance to help the expert while deciding the healthy and patient subjects. So, this structure can be helpful as learning based decision support system for contributing to the doctors in their diagnosis decisions.

  14. MR imaging of endometrial benign and malignant polypoid lesions: correlations with clinicopathological findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the diagnostic value of conventional and dynamic gadolinium- enhanced T1-weighted (T1W) MRI in benign and malignant endometrial polypoid lesions. The pathologic basis of MRI features was also evaluated. Methods: The conventional and dynamic contrast enhanced MRI features in 48 cases with clinicopathologically-proved endometrial polypoid lesions were retrospectively analyzed, including 26 cases with malignant tumors (23 cases with endometrial carcinoma and 3 cases with endometrial sarcoma) and 22 cases with benign polypoid lesions (12 cases with endothelial polyps and 10 cases with submucous leiomyomas). The occurrence probability of central fibrous core, intratumoral cysts and intact junctional zone were evaluated by Fisher's exact test. Results: Benign and malignant endometrial polypoid lesions had specific characteristics on MRI. Endometrial carcinomas usually appeared as homogeneous intermediate or slighfiy high signal-intensity masses on T2-weighted images, and relatively homogeneous hypodense masses on contrast-enhanced images with myometrial invasion (P 2WI and demonstrated areas of early and persistent marked enhancement. Submueous leiomyomas demonstrated isodense or slightly low-density masses with defined outline on T2WI and the endomerium was displaced. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of malignant polypoid masses were 92.3% (24/26), 83.3% (20/24) and 95.8% (46/48) respectively. Conclusion: Conventional and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI are valuable in characterizing the benign and malignant endometrial polypoid lesions. (authors)

  15. 3D MORPHOLOGICAL MODELLING OF A RANDOM FIBROUS NETWORK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Peyrega

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available In the framework of the Silent Wall ANR project, the CMM and the US2B are associated in order to characterize and to model fibrous media studying 3D images acquired with an X-Ray tomograph used by the US2B. The device can make 3D images of maximal 23043 voxels with resolutions in the range of 2 μm to 15 μm. Using mathematical morphology, measurements on the 3D X-Ray CT images are used to characterize materials. For example measuring the covariance on these images of an acoustic insulating material made of wooden fibres highlights the isotropy of the fibres orientations in the longitudinal planes which are perpendicular to the compression Oz axis. Moreover, it is possible to extract other morphological properties from these image processing methods such as the size distribution either of the fibres or of the pores by estimating the morphological opening granulometry of the considered medium. Using the theory of random sets introduced by Georges Matheron in the early 1970's, the aim of this work is to model such a fibrous material by parametric random media in 3D according to the prior knowledge of its morphological properties (covariance, porosity, size distributions, etc.. A Boolean model of random cylinders in 3D stacked in planes parallel to each other and perpendicular to the Oz compression axis is first considered. The granulometry results provide gamma distributions for the radii of the fibres. In addition, a uniform distribution of the orientations is chosen, according to the experimental isotropy measurements in the longitudinal planes. Finally the third statistical factor is the length distribution of the fibres which can be fitted by an exponential distribution. Thus it is possible to estimate the validity of this model first by trying to fit the experimental transverse and longitudinal covariances of the pores with the theoretical ones taking into account the statistical distributions of the dimensions of the random cylinders. The second method to validate the model consists in comparing morphological measurements (density profiles, covariance, opening granulometry, tortuosity, specific surface area processed on real and on simulated media.

  16. Malign retroperitoneal schwannoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The retroperitoneal tumors are infrequent and are classified according to the original tissue. This is a case presentation of a patient presenting with pain in right hypochondrium and a tumor in this zone, weight loss and painful discomfort in the anterolateral face of right thigh. In physical examination we found cutaneousmucous paleness and painless tumor in hypochondrium and right flank. Abdominal ultrasound (US) showed a homogenous mass of 14,11 cm and abdominal computed tomography allows to see a right retroperitoneal tumor rejecting the kidney. Excretory urogram showed a anteromedial rejection of right kidney. An encapsulated tumor with a few peritumoral adherences was removed. By histological study it was possible to confirm a fusiform cells tumor with hyperchromatism and nuclear pleomorphism, numerous mitosis and areas of necrosis and in the diagnosis of malign tumor of the sheath of a peripheral nerve.(author)

  17. Sunburn and malignant melanoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, A.; Siskind, V.; Bain, C.; Alexander, J.

    1985-01-01

    We investigated the relationship between cutaneous malignant melanoma and multiple sunburns in the Queensland population. Interview data were gathered from 236 case-control pairs concerning their lifetime experience of severe sunburns, their occupational and recreational sun exposure, and their skin type. Excluding the lentigo maligna melanoma subtype, an association between multiple sunburns and melanoma was evident. After controlling for other major risk factors there was a significant dose-response relationship (P less than 0.05): the estimated relative risk associated with 2-5 sunburns in life was 1.5, and with 6 or more was 2.4. This observation extends the hitherto circumstantial evidence of a causal relationship between exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation and melanoma, and suggests that precautionary measures could prevent the development of this disease in a proportion of cases in fair-skinned populations. PMID:3970815

  18. Treatment of thyroid malignancies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Clinically significant thyroid malignancies are relatively uncommon, although their prevalence in autopsy series ranges up to 11%. New data confirm an increased incidence of carcinoma in solitary thyroid nodules in younger patients and a greater likelihood for younger patients to present with metastatic disease. Treatment of differentiated thyroid carcinoma is controversial, although many series indicate excellent results with total thyroidectomy. Although iodine-131 ablation has been standard in most centers after total thyroidectomy when residual thyroid tissues are present, new data indicate that selective use of this therapy may be appropriate. Prophylactic neck dissection dose not improve survival or lessen recurrence in differentiated thyroid cancers and may increase morbidity. It should, therefore, be reserved for the patient with clinically enlarged cervical nodes.141 references

  19. Immunoscintigraphy of malignant melanomas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work is part of a multicentric European evaluation of the monoclonal antibody 225.28s targeted against malignant melanoma and its metastases. Twenty-eight patients (12 males, 16 females, mean age: 53 yrs), who had initially been treated by resection of the primary tumour, were included in the study. Twenty-three of the 26 metastases more than 1 cm in diameter were visualized by immunoscintigraphy. The sensitivity of the procedure (88%) is limited however by the small size of the lesions and their depth, as well as by background noise caused by circulating antibodies. Immunoscintigraphy enables non-invasive investigation of the whole body and can detect lesions that other conventional complementary explorations fail to identify

  20. Fulminant metastatic malignant melanoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.M.K. Faheem,

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available A 50-year-old lady presented with complaints of chest pain and cough for the past one month. Right supraclavicular lymphadenopathy, bilateral pleural effusion were present. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC from the lymph node showed brownish-black pigment laden tumour cells. Review of history subsequently revealed that she had undergone a surgical procedure over the sole of her left foot three years ago of which no records were available. Reexamination of sole of left foot showed a pigmented infiltraling lesion. Pleural biopsy revealed pigmented tumour deposits. The patient was diagnosed to have fulminant metastatic malignant melanoma of left foot with metastasis to cervical lymph nodes and pleura. This case report re-emphasizes the importance of combined approach to ascertain diagnosis early.

  1. Solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Gustavo Soares Corrêa Silva; Maurício Buzelin Nunes; Pedro Bastos Guimarães de Almeida; Rafael Morroni de Oliveira; Risia Edwiges de Oliveira Guimarães; Victor Satler Pylro

    2014-01-01

    We describe a case report of a rare cancer affecting the kidney of 63 years of age patient who underwent imaging studies from ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging, due to complaints: left back pain and urinary obstruction. Sonographic and radiological features of the mass found suggested the diagnosis of a malignant tumor of parenchymal origin. The pathological and immunohistochemical studies of the resected anatomical specimen, however, diagnosed a rare benign vari...

  2. Primary intracranial malignant lymphoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nine cases of primary intracranial malignant lymphoma, which accounts for 3.3 % of all intracranial tumors seen in the authors' institution, were studied in terms of diagnostic computed tomographic (CT) features, the tumors' histologic appearance, treatment, post-treatment blood immunologic and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) characteristics, and outcome. The patients were seven males and two females aged 42 to 67 years. Their chief signs and symptoms on admission were intracranial hypertension, focal signs, and disturbance of consciousness. CT, which proved the most useful preoperative diagnostic technique, demonstrated multiple lesions in seven cases and, in all cases, regions of isodensity or slight high density that were enhanced by contrast medium. According to the patterns of enhancement, the tumors were classed as diffuse (three cases) or nodular (six cases). The former is considered typical of malignant lymphoma, whereas the latter type was sometimes indistinguishable from metastatic tumor and meningioma. At surgery, one patient underwent radical tumor excision, two partial removal, and six biopsy only. Histologic examination revealed one tumor to be of the diffuse small cell type, three of the medium cell type, and five of the large cell type (Lymphoma Study Group classification). Of seven tumors in which lymphocytes were examined by peroxidase-antiperoxidase staining, four were of the B cell type. Postoperatively, whole brain irradiation with 29 to 46 Gy was followed by local irradiation with 15 to 50 Gy. If the tumor persisted, one of three chemotherapies was administered. In one case, methotrexate was given intrathecally. Seven patients were divided into two groups: long remission (three) and recurrence (four). These two groups were compared in terms of serum immunoglobulin levels, T and B cell ratios, CSF characteristics, CT features, tumor cell type, and treatment. No clear differences were found. (author)

  3. Lower gastrointestinal malignancies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: This refresher course will review the current knowledge as well as ongoing and future research strategies in lower gastrointestinal malignancies. Radiation therapy has a significant role in the adjuvant treatment of lower gastrointestinal malignancies. Furthermore, there are data to suggest that radiation therapy is an integral component of the conservative management (organ preservation) of rectal and anal cancers. 1. Colon cancer. The standard adjuvant treatment for node positive or high risk transmural colon cancer is postoperative 5-FU and Levamisole. There are retrospective data to suggest that certain subsets of high risk patients may benefit from postoperative radiation therapy. 2. Rectal cancer. Randomized trials have revealed an advantage of postoperative radiation therapy plus chemotherapy in transmural and/or node positive rectal cancer. In the adjuvant setting the use of continuous infusion 5-FU may be more beneficial compared with bolus 5-FU. Despite the improvement in survival, postoperative therapies are associated with an approximately 35% incidence of grade 3+ toxicity. Recent data suggest that the use of preoperative combined modality therapy may be associated with less toxicity as well as increase the chance of sphincter preservation. New Intergroup trials addressing these issues will be presented. In patients with locally advanced unresectable rectal cancer, the addition of intraoperative radiation therapy may further improve local control. 3. Anal cancer. The use of combined 5-FU/Mitomycin-C and pelvic radiation therapy is effective in the treatment of anal carcinoma. The RTOG has recently completed a randomized trial addressing the question of the effectiveness and toxicity of Mitomycin-C. The replacement Intergroup Phase III trial will be presented

  4. Assessment of fibrous insulation materials for the selenide isotope generator system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fibrous insulations for use in the converter and the heat source of the radioisotope-powered, selenide element, thermoelectric generator (selenide isotope generator) are assessed. The most recent system design and material selection basis is presented. Several fibrous insulation materials which have the potential for use as load-bearing or nonload-bearing thermal insulations are reviewed, and thermophysical properties supplied by manufacturers or published in the literature are presented. Potential problems with the application of fibrous insulations in the selenide isotope generator are as follows: compatibility with graphite, the thermoelectric elements, and the isolation hot frame; devitrification, grain growth, and sintering with an accompanying degradation of insulation quality; impurity diffusion from the insulation to adjoining structures; outgassing and storage of fibrous materials. Areas in which thermophysical data or quantitative information on the insulation and structural stability is lacking are identified

  5. Assessment of fibrous insulation materials for the selenide isotope generator system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wei, G.C; Tennery, V.J.

    1977-11-01

    Fibrous insulations for use in the converter and the heat source of the radioisotope-powered, selenide element, thermoelectric generator (selenide isotope generator) are assessed. The most recent system design and material selection basis is presented. Several fibrous insulation materials which have the potential for use as load-bearing or nonload-bearing thermal insulations are reviewed, and thermophysical properties supplied by manufacturers or published in the literature are presented. Potential problems with the application of fibrous insulations in the selenide isotope generator are as follows: compatibility with graphite, the thermoelectric elements, and the isolation hot frame; devitrification, grain growth, and sintering with an accompanying degradation of insulation quality; impurity diffusion from the insulation to adjoining structures; outgassing and storage of fibrous materials. Areas in which thermophysical data or quantitative information on the insulation and structural stability is lacking are identified.

  6. Case report 207: Giant cell reparative granuloma of left femur arising in polyostatic fibrous dysplasia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Diagnosis and differential diagnosis of lytic lesions in the femur are discussed. Roentgenograms, a tomogram and pathological studies of a giant cell reparative granuloma of left femur arising in polyostotic fibrous dysplasia are presented. (WU)

  7. Novel two-step method to form silk fibroin fibrous hydrogel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ming, Jinfa; Li, Mengmeng; Han, Yuhui; Chen, Ying; Li, Han; Zuo, Baoqi; Pan, Fukui

    2016-02-01

    Hydrogels prepared by silk fibroin solution have been studied. However, mimicking the nanofibrous structures of extracellular matrix for fabricating biomaterials remains a challenge. Here, a novel two-step method was applied to prepare fibrous hydrogels using regenerated silk fibroin solution containing nanofibrils in a range of tens to hundreds of nanometers. When the gelation process of silk solution occurred, it showed a top-down type gel within 30min. After gelation, silk fibroin fibrous hydrogels exhibited nanofiber network morphology with ?-sheet structure. Moreover, the compressive stress and modulus of fibrous hydrogels were 31.9±2.6 and 2.8±0.8kPa, respectively, which was formed using 2.0wt.% concentration solutions. In addition, fibrous hydrogels supported BMSCs attachment and proliferation over 12days. This study provides important insight in the in vitro processing of silk fibroin into useful new materials. PMID:26652363

  8. Recurrent gingival fibrous lesions: comparison of 2 cases and potential need for additional classification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shumway, Brian S; Eskan, Mehmet Akif; Bernstein, Mark L

    2013-10-01

    Historically, the classification of localized gingival fibrous lesions has been inconsistent, leading to multiple naming schemes and confusion among pathologists. Currently, lesions are broadly grouped into localized hyperplastic lesions and true neoplasms. Although some cases are clearly defined histologically (i.e., peripheral ossifying fibroma, peripheral odontogenic fibroma), another set of "reactive" fibrous lesions exhibit overlapping histologic features including nondistinctive fibrosis and inflammation. This group can exhibit recurrence, classically related to a local stimulus. However, when local factors are absent, recurrence suggests inherent neoplastic potential. Herein, we describe 2 recurrent fibrous gingival masses, one of which reportedly recurred 3 times with no obvious inciting agent. The histologic appearance of both lesions was similarly distinctive but not well classifiable, while the immunohistochemical profile indicated divergent lesions. This highlights the need for further study of recurrent gingival fibrous lesions to better predict independent growth potential. PMID:23582456

  9. Classical radiological aspects of fibrous dysplasia; Aspectos radiologicos classicos da displasia fibrosa nas radiografias do cranio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costa, Norma Selma Santos; Moraes e Silva, Denise; Lederman, Henrique M. [Escola Paulista de Medicina, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    1996-07-01

    The authors, after a review of the literature, show the features of fibrous dysplasia in the skull through conventional radiology, depicting the most common and classics aspects of this disease and its differential diagnosis. (author) 6 refs., 4 figs.

  10. RECEPTION OF NANOPARTICLES OF SILVER FOR USE IN MANUFACTURE OF FIBROUS COVERS ????????? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????????????? ? ???????????? ?????????? ????????

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorlov I. F.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Results of deep comprehensive investigation of possibility of a method of micellar colloidal synthesis for reception nanoparticles of silver with the set characteristics are evaluated. The production technology of fibrous covers with nanoparticles of silver is considered

  11. Malign katatoni, et neuropsykiatrisk syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moltke, Katinka; Lublin, Henrik

    2010-01-01

    This case report describes a 36-year-old schizophrenic man who developed malignant catatonia during a hospital stay. He was treated with benzodiazepines (BZD) and 26 sessions of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). After the therapy his condition normalised. Malignant catatonia is a rare condition that...

  12. Malignant priapism: a case report.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ellanti, P

    2011-12-01

    Metastatic involvement of the penis is most commonly from a primary malignant genitourinary tumour. It is a rare phenomenon usually reflecting disseminated malignancy associated with a poor prognosis. Metastasis to the penis mimicking priapism is extremely rare, particularly in the absence of disseminated disease.

  13. Nanoscale dynamics and aging of fibrous peptide-based gels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dudukovic, Nikola A., E-mail: dudukov1@illinois.edu [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Zukoski, Charles F. [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14222 (United States)

    2014-10-28

    Solutions of the aromatic dipeptide derivative molecule fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl-diphenylalanine (Fmoc-FF) in dimethyl sulfoxide produce fibrous gels when mixed with water. We study the evolution of density fluctuations of this three-component system using X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy (XPCS) and compare these results to the macroscopic rheology of the gels and optical observations of the microstructure evolution. At the investigated scattering angles, the intensity autocorrelation functions do not follow behavior expected for simple diffusion of individual Fmoc-FF molecules localized within cages of nearest neighbors. Instead, the dynamics are associated with density fluctuations on length scales of ?10–100 nm arising from disaggregation and reformation of fibers, leading to an increasingly uniform network. This process is correlated with the growth of the elastic modulus, which saturates at long times. Autocorrelation functions and relaxation times acquired from XPCS measurements are consistent with relaxation rates of structures at dynamic equilibrium. This study provides further support to the concept of exploring peptide-based gelators as valence-limited patchy particles capable of forming equilibrium gels.

  14. FIBROUS MONOLITH WEAR RESISTANT COMPONENTS FOR THE MINING INDUSTRY

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mark J. Rigali; Mike L. Fulcher; Kenneth L. Knittel

    2002-10-01

    During the reporting period, work continued on development of formulations using the materials down-selected from the initially identified contenders for the fibrous monolith wear resistant components. The FM systems studied were: WC-Co/WC-Co, WC-Co/Co, diamond/WC-Co, and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-TiCN. Extrudable formulations for the materials listed were developed during the first twelve months of this effort, and work during the reporting period was focused on the development of optimized binder removal processes. A two stage binder removal process was developed that resulted in prototype parts free of voids and other internal defects. In addition, changes in the binder removal atmosphere resulted in the apparent elimination of residual carbon, an important consideration when consolidating WC-Co containing systems. Using the improved binder removal processes, parts were consolidated by both sintering and hot pressing to >99% theoretical density. Samples of these materials were sent to Kyocera for mechanical evaluations. Fabrication of drill bit inserts was begun, and binder removal begun during the reporting period. A total of 24 green inserts were fabricated, and will be consolidated and delivered for field testing during the upcoming reporting period.

  15. FIBROUS MONOLITH WEAR RESISTANT COMPONENTS FOR THE MINING INDUSTRY

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mark J. Rigali; Kenneth L. Knittel; Mike L. Fulcher

    2002-03-01

    During this reporting period, work continued on development of formulations using the materials identified as contenders for the fibrous monolith wear resistant components. The FM structures fabricated were: diamond/WC-Co, B{sub 4}C/WC-Co, TiB{sub 2}/WC-Co, WC-Co/Co, WC-Co/WC-Co. Results of our consolidation densification studies on these systems lead to the down-selection of WC-Co/WC-Co, WC-Co/Co and diamond/WC-Co for further development for mining applications including drill bit inserts, roof bit inserts, radial tools conical tools and wear plates (WC-Co based system only) for earth moving equipment. Prototype component fabrication focused on the fabrication of WC-Co/WC-Co FM conical tools, diamond/WC-Co coated drill bit insert prototypes. Fabrication of WC-Co/WC-Co FM insert prototypes for a grader blade is also underway. ACR plans to initiate field-testing of the drill bit insert prototypes and the grader blade insert this summer (2002). The first WC-Co/WC-Co FM conical tool prototypes were sent to Kennametal for evaluation towards the end of the current reporting period.

  16. Applications of phase change polymers in fibrous substrates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports on insolubilization of polyethylene glycols (Mn of 600-20,000) onto a variety of fibrous substrates by reaction with a methylolamide resin (DMDHEU or dimethyloldihydroxyethyleneurea) in the presence of acid catalysts produced modified materials that have several improved functional properties and that are useful for numerous applications. Crosslinking or insolubilization of the polyols occurs under mild cuing conditions (80-100 degrees C). The resultant properties of the modified substrate (essentially a flexible composite of fiber and crosslinked polyol in the matrix) are markedly dependent on the proper choice of curing conditions (time and temperature). Representative fiber types and blends that have been modified by this process include: cotton, polyester, polyamide, cotton blends, wool blends, aramids, glass, acrylic, polypropylene, elastomeric fibers and short fibers used to make paper. All types of fabric constructions have been used (woven, nonwoven, and knit). The most novel property is the thermal adaptability of the modified fabrics or substrates to a variety of climatic conditions. This adaptability is due to the high enthalpy of fusion (cooling effect in hot weather) and crystallization (liberation of heat in cold weather) of the crosslinked polyethylene glycols (insolubilized phase change materials or PCM's). The novel thermal effects are due to the hydrophilic nature of the crosslinked polyol as well as its reduced thermal conductivity. Thermal profiles of the modified materials have been characterized by differential scanning calorimetry, infrared thermography, and by limited wear trials with garments containing the polymeric PCM's. There are other enhanced functional properties of the modified fabrics

  17. Human exposure to carbon-based fibrous nanomaterials: A review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guseva Canu, Irina; Bateson, Thomas F; Bouvard, Veronique; Debia, Maximilien; Dion, Chantal; Savolainen, Kai; Yu, Il-Je

    2016-03-01

    In an emerging field of nanotechnologies, assessment of exposure to carbon nanotubes (CNT) and carbon nanofibers (CNF) is an integral component of occupational and environmental epidemiology, risk assessment and management, as well as regulatory actions. The current state of knowledge on exposure to carbon-based fibrous nanomaterials among workers, consumers and general population was studied in frame of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Monographs-Volume 111 "Some Nanomaterials and Some Fibres". Completeness and reliability of available exposure data for use in epidemiology and risk assessment were assessed. Occupational exposure to CNT/CNF may be of concern at all stages of the material life-cycle from research through manufacture to use and disposal. Consumer and environmental exposures are only estimated by modeled data. The available information of the final steps of the life-cycle of these materials remains incomplete so far regarding amounts of handled materials and levels of exposure. The quality and amount of information available on the uses and applications of CNT/CNF should be improved to enable quantitative assessment of human exposure to these materials. For that, coordinated effort in producing surveys and exposure inventories based on harmonized strategy of material test, exposure measurement and reporting results is strongly encouraged. PMID:26752069

  18. Fibrous adsorbent for removal of aqueous aromatic hydrocarbons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Yong-Jun; Kiso, Yoshiaki; Oguchi, Tatsuo; Yamada, Toshiro; Takagi, Hiroo; Nishimura, Kazuyuki

    2007-01-01

    Bundles of a strongly hydrophobic fibrous material (p-phenylene-2,6-benzobisoxazole; PBO; Zylon) were employed as an adsorbent for the removal of aqueous aromatic compounds, because the PBO fibers are too rigid to be woven and did not entrap suspended solids. The removal performance for nine kinds of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) was evaluated. PAHs and DEHP at initial concentrations of 50 microg L(-1) were removed at 72.5-99.9% and ca. 95%, respectively, although the removal efficiencies were affected by the phase ratio (fiber weight/solution volume). The logarithm of the partition coefficient (log K) for planar PAHs was linearly correlated with the logarithm of the n-octanol/water partition coefficient (log P), but nonplanar PAHs, such as cis-stilbene, p-terphenyl, and o-terphenyl, showed significantly lower adsorption performance. The adsorbed PAHs were not desorbed effectively with CH3CN, CH2Cl2, and toluene. On the other hand, DEHP was effectively desorbed with methanol. PMID:17585293

  19. Fast numerical upscaling of heat equation for fibrous materials

    KAUST Repository

    Iliev, Oleg

    2010-08-01

    We are interested in numerical methods for computing the effective heat conductivities of fibrous insulation materials, such as glass or mineral wool, characterized by low solid volume fractions and high contrasts, i.e., high ratios between the thermal conductivities of the fibers and the surrounding air. We consider a fast numerical method for solving some auxiliary cell problems appearing in this upscaling procedure. The auxiliary problems are boundary value problems of the steady-state heat equation in a representative elementary volume occupied by fibers and air. We make a simplification by replacing these problems with appropriate boundary value problems in the domain occupied by the fibers only. Finally, the obtained problems are further simplified by taking advantage of the slender shape of the fibers and assuming that they form a network. A discretization on the graph defined by the fibers is presented and error estimates are provided. The resulting algorithm is discussed and the accuracy and the performance of the method are illusrated on a number of numerical experiments. © Springer-Verlag 2010.

  20. FIBROUS MONOLITH WEAR RESISTANT COMPONENTS FOR THE MINING INDUSTRY; SEMIANNUAL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During this reporting period, work continued on development of formulations using the materials identified as contenders for the fibrous monolith wear resistant components. The FM structures fabricated were: diamond/WC-Co, B(sub 4)C/WC-Co, TiB(sub 2)/WC-Co, WC-Co/Co, WC-Co/WC-Co. Results of our consolidation densification studies on these systems lead to the down-selection of WC-Co/WC-Co, WC-Co/Co and diamond/WC-Co for further development for mining applications including drill bit inserts, roof bit inserts, radial tools conical tools and wear plates (WC-Co based system only) for earth moving equipment. Prototype component fabrication focused on the fabrication of WC-Co/WC-Co FM conical tools, diamond/WC-Co coated drill bit insert prototypes. Fabrication of WC-Co/WC-Co FM insert prototypes for a grader blade is also underway. ACR plans to initiate field-testing of the drill bit insert prototypes and the grader blade insert this summer (2002). The first WC-Co/WC-Co FM conical tool prototypes were sent to Kennametal for evaluation towards the end of the current reporting period

  1. Sperm protein 17 is expressed in the sperm fibrous sheath

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albani Elena

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Sperm protein 17 (Sp17 is a highly conserved mammalian protein characterized in rabbit, mouse, monkey, baboon, macaque, human testis and spermatozoa. mRNA encoding Sp17 has been detected in a range of murine and human somatic tissues. It was also recognized in two myeloma cell lines and in neoplastic cells from patients with multiple myeloma and ovarian carcinoma. These data all indicate that Sp17 is widely distributed in humans, expressed not only in germinal cells and in a variety of somatic tissues, but also in neoplastic cells of unrelated origin. Methods Sp17 expression was analyzed by immunocytochemistry and transmission electron microscopy on spermatozoa. Results Here, we demonstrate the ultrastructural localization of human Sp17 throughout the spermatozoa flagellar fibrous sheath, and its presence in spermatozoa during in vitro states from their ejaculation to the oocyte fertilization. Conclusion These findings suggest a possible role of Sp17 in regulating sperm maturation, capacitation, acrosomal reaction and interactions with the oocyte zona pellucida during the fertilization process. Further, the high degree of sequence conservation throughout its N-terminal half, and the presence of an A-kinase anchoring protein (AKAP-binding motif within this region, suggest that Sp17 might play a regulatory role in a protein kinase A-independent AKAP complex in both germinal and somatic cells.

  2. Antibacterial Biphenanthrenes from the Fibrous Roots of Bletilla striata.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qian, Chao-Dong; Jiang, Fu-Sheng; Yu, Hang-Su; Shen, Yong; Fu, Yu-Hang; Cheng, Dong-Qing; Gan, Li-She; Ding, Zhi-Shan

    2015-04-24

    Four new 9',10'-dihydro-biphenanthrenes, including an unprecedented 1,2'-linked biphenanthrene, 4,7,3',5'-tetramethoxy-9',10'-dihydro(1,2'-biphenanthrene)-2,7'-diol (1), a new 1,3'-linked biphenanthrene, 4,7,7'-trimethoxy-9',10'-dihydro(1,3'-biphenanthrene)-2,2',5'-triol (2), and two new 1,1'-linked biphenanthrenes, 4,7,4'-trimethoxy-9',10'-dihydro(1,1'-biphenanthrene)-2,2',7'-triol (3) and 4,7,3',5'-tetramethoxy-9',10'-dihydro(1,1'-biphenanthrene)-2,2',7'-triol (4), as well as two known biphenanthrenes (5, 6), were isolated from a 95% ethanol extract of the fibrous roots of Bletilla striata. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic and spectrometric methods. Atropisomerism of these compounds was considered based on their chiral optical properties and potential energy surface scans at the ab initio HF/3-21G level, which revealed their racemic mixture form. Compounds 2-6 showed potent antibacterial activities against six Gram-positive bacterial strains. PMID:25760525

  3. Measurement of fibrous cap thickness in atherosclerotic plaques by spatiotemporal analysis of laser speckle images

    OpenAIRE

    Nadkarni, Seemantini K.; Bilenca, Alberto; Bouma, Brett E.; Tearney, Guillermo J.

    2006-01-01

    Necrotic-core fibroatheromas (NCFA) with thin, mechanically weak fibrous caps overlying lipid cores comprise the majority of plaques that rupture and cause acute myocardial infarction. Laser speckle imaging (LSI) has been recently demonstrated to enable atherosclerotic plaque characterization with high accuracy. We investigate spatio-temporal analysis of LSI data, in conjunction with diffusion theory and Monte Carlo modeling of light transport, to estimate fibrous cap thickness in NCFAs. Time...

  4. Application of fibrous complexing sorbents for trace elements preconcentration and separation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper demonstrates the application of the 'filled' fibrous sorbents for the preconcentration and separation of platinum metals, as well as heavy metals and some radionuclides. It is known that preconcentration is always required for heavy metals and platinum metals determination in complex solution as well as radionuclides reliable monitoring in environment. The fibrous 'filled' complexing sorbents and ion-exchangers have been used in our work. Used matrixes and functional groups of sorbents used in our work are presented. We have also studied the possibility of Pu sorption by filled fibrous sorbents. For Pu sorption from nitric acid solutions it were selected both the well known anion exchanger AV-17-n with quaternary ammonium groups and complexing sorbents POLYORGS 4-n with 3(5)-methylpyrazole groups and POLYORGS 17-n with 1,3(5)- dimethylpyrazole groups in form of 'filled' fibrous materials. Pu sorption is quite selective. The Am(III), Eu(III), U(VI), Pa(V), Np(V), Tc(VII) and Cs(I) were not sorbed under these conditions, and it can be used for plutonium recovery. We have also studied the possibility of Tc extraction. The new types of fibrous sorbents - 'filled' fibrous sorbents are rather perspective for extraction elements from complex solutions, for example, platinum, heavy metals and radionuclides. Filled fibrous sorbents possess of high selectivity and sorption capacity as well as good kinetic properties and they are the most promising for dynamic sorption extraction. The possibility to vary sorbents properties using different filler allows to extract various types of elements from solution by filled fibrous sorbents. Conditions of dynamic extraction of trace elements from different solutions can be calculated on the basis of equilibrium and kinetic characteristics and corresponding mathematical model of(authors)

  5. [The influence of "rigidity" and structure of fibrous dust on their biological activity].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Troitskaia, N A; Velichkovski?, B T; Vanchugova, N N

    2000-01-01

    The authors represent experimental data on cytotoxic, fibrogenic and mutagenic effects of fibrous dusts--"soft" pulp fibers and "stiff" ones (chrysotile-asbestos, carbon, basalt and fiber glass) in comparison with the nonfibrous analogs (antigorit, quartz DQ-12 and others). Viability of peritoneal macrophages was depressed more dramatically by "stiff" fibers vs. the "soft" ones. Mutagenic activity was associated with the "stiffness" degree of the dust particles. When compared to fibrous chemical dusts, nonfibrous ones appeared inert in micronuclear test. PMID:10826365

  6. Exploiting BSA to Inhibit the Fibrous Aggregation of Magnetic Nanoparticles under an Alternating Magnetic Field

    OpenAIRE

    Ning Gu; Yu Zhang,; Xuan Liu; Yuan Chen; Jian Fei Sun

    2013-01-01

    The alternating magnetic field was discovered to be capable of inducing the fibrous aggregation of magnetic nanoparticles. However, this anisotropic aggregation may be unfavorable for practical applications. Here, we reported that the adsorption of BSA (bovine serum albumin) on the surfaces of magnetic nanoparticles can effectively make the fibrous aggregation of ?-Fe2O3 nanoparticles turn into a more isotropic aggregation in the presence of the alternating magnetic field. Also, the heating c...

  7. Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Caused by Fibrous Dysplasia of the First Rib

    OpenAIRE

    Kemp, Clinton D.; Rushing, Gregory D.; Rodic, Nemanja; McCarthy, Edward; Yang, Stephen C.

    2012-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia causing thoracic outlet syndrome is rare. A 41-year-old woman presented with neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome with imaging that demonstrated a large tumor of her proximal left first rib. Transaxillary excision was unsuccessful due to involvement of the subclavian vasculature and brachial plexus. Subsequent posterolateral thoracotomy and resection of her first rib revealed fibrous dysplasia. Thoracotomy should be considered in these cases for optimal vascular control and i...

  8. Poliostotic fibrous dysplasia in the left maxilla sinus. Case of presentation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Félix Dueñas Ros

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available We present a clinic case of poliostotic fibrous dysplasia in the left maxilla sinus extended to Pterigopaltinar cavity and sphenoid sinus in a 26 year old woman who suffer from facial deformation. Paranasal x ray images didn’t permit to make the differential diagnosis between tumor or inflammatory lesions at the beginning, CT scan showed hiperdensy lesions like a tumor that suggest fibrous dysplasia. The final diagnosis was obtained by biopsy of the lesions.

  9. Malignant eroticized countertransference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chessick, R D

    1997-01-01

    Gabbard (1994) divided the pathology of therapists, both male and female, who commit sexual boundary violations into those who are psychotic, those who are predatory psychopaths, those engaging in masochistic surrender, and those called "the lovesick therapist." Lovesick therapists are the most common type and manifest crucial narcissistic themes of "a desperate need for validation by their patients, a hunger to be loved and idealized, and a tendency to use patients to regulate their own self-esteem" (p. 127). Among the psychodynamic aspects of this curiously circumscribed area of loss of reality testing that makes it difficult for the therapist to see how self-destructive and harmful such enactment is, are an unconscious reenactment of incestuous longings, a misperception of the patient's wish for maternal nurturance as a sexual overture, enactments of rescue fantasies, a projected idealization of the self of the therapist, a confusion of the therapist's needs with the patient's needs, a fantasy that love is curative, acting out disavowed rage at the patient, or rage at an organization, an institute, or one's training analyst, a manic defense against mourning, a narcissistic fantasy that their sexual affair is an exception, insecurity regarding masculine identity, and assorted primitive preoedipal themes. Gabbard's (1991) erotized countertransference is one variety of what I have termed malignant eroticized countertransference. His variety is a development that occurs under the pressure of the patient's preemptive and compelling expressions of lust and love, the patient's erotic transference. But malignant eroticized countertransference can also occur without the patient having offered any such expressions; it can even occur on first meeting the patient when he or she walks into the office! This is akin to the romantic "love-at-first-sight" theme so favored in the movies and by novelists, but it is always pathological when it occurs in the therapeutic situation. Countertransference enactments are a creation between the patient and the therapist on a continuum from one pole, where the patient has just walked into the office and contributes almost nothing directly, to the other pole, where the therapist loses control of himself or herself as a response to the unbearable pressure of the patient's lust. In the treatment of malignant eroticized countertransference it seems clear from this discussion that every case should be evaluated psychodynamically and the treatment should be made to fit the patient, not the patient to the treatment. Each situation should be studied in psychodynamic depth without preconceptions based on generalizations or formulas. Therapists who are psychotic should of course be treated with antipsychotic drugs and usually should not be allowed to practice any further. Therapists who are psychopathic or sociopathic predators should certainly never be allowed to practice. Some of the individuals who are "lovesick," or, as I put it "love/lust obsessed," or those who have made a masochistic surrender to a sadistic destructive patient, are in need of reanalysis and have the potential to continue as effective therapists under careful supervision. Therapists like this do not deserve to be summarily dismissed from the profession but, like therapists who develop other serious neurotic problems, should receive appropriate help from us. PMID:9395991

  10. NAB2-STAT6 fusion types account for clinicopathological variations in solitary fibrous tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tai, Hui-Chun; Chuang, I-Chieh; Chen, Tse-Ching; Li, Chien-Feng; Huang, Shih-Chiang; Kao, Yu-Chien; Lin, Po-Chun; Tsai, Jen-Wei; Lan, Jui; Yu, Shih-Chen; Yen, Shao-Lun; Jung, Shih-Ming; Liao, Kuan-Cho; Fang, Fu-Min; Huang, Hsuan-Ying

    2015-10-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is characterized by the inv12(q13q13)-derived NAB2-STAT6 fusion, which exhibits variable breakpoints and drives STAT6 nuclear expression. The implications of NAB2-STAT6 fusion variants in pathological features and clinical behavior remain to be characterized in a large cohort of SFTs. We investigated the clinicopathological correlates of this genetic hallmark and analyzed STAT6 immunoexpression in 28 intrathoracic, 37 extrathoracic, and 23 meningeal SFTs. These 88 tumors were designated as histologically nonmalignant in 75 cases and malignant in 13, including 1 dedifferentiated SFT. Eighty cases had formalin-fixed and/or fresh samples to extract assessable RNAs for RT-PCR assay, which revealed NAB2-STAT6 fusion variants comprising 12 types of junction breakpoints in 73 fusion-positive cases, with 65 (89%) falling into 3 major types. The predominant NAB2ex4-STAT6ex2 (n=33) showed constant breakpoints at the ends of involved exons, whereas the NAB2ex6-STAT6ex16 (n=16) and NAB2ex6-STAT6ex17 (n=16) might exhibit variable breakpoints and incorporate NAB2 or STAT6 intronic sequence. Including 73 fusion-positive and 7 CD34-negative SFTs, STAT6 distinctively labeled 87 (99%) SFTs in nuclei, exhibited diffuse reactivity in 73, but did not decorate 98 mimics tested. In seven fusion-negative cases, 6 were STAT6-positive, suggesting rare fusion variants not covered by RT-PCR assay. Regardless of histological subtypes, intrathoracic SFTs affected older patients (P=0.035) and tended to be larger in size (P=0.073). Compared with other variants, NAB2ex4-STAT6ex2/4 fusions were significantly predominant in the SFTs characterised by intrathoracic location (Pnuclear expression was distinctive in the vast majority of SFTs, including all fusion-positive tumors, and exploitable as a robust diagnostics of CD34-negative cases. Despite the associations of NAB2-STAT6 fusion variants with several clincopathological factors, their prognostic relevance should be further validated in large-scale prospective studies of SFTs. PMID:26226844

  11. Malignancy and chronic renal failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peces, Ramon

    2003-01-01

    Increased incidence of cancer at various sites is observed in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Certain malignant diseases, such as lymphomas and carcinomas of the kidney, prostate, liver and uterus, show an enhanced prevalence compared with the general population. In particular, renal cell carcinoma (RCC) shows an excess incidence in ESRD patients. A multitude of factors, directly or indirectly associated with the renal disease and the treatment regimens, may contribute to the increased tumor formation in these patients. Patients undergoing renal replacement therapy (RRT) are prone to develop acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD), which may subsequently lead to the development of RCC. In pre-dialysis patients with coexistent renal disease, as in dialysis and transplant patients, the presence of ACKD may predispose to RCC. Previous use of cytotoxic drugs (eg, cyclophosphamide) or a history of analgesic abuse, are additional risk factors for malignancy. Malignancy following renal transplantation is an important medical problem during the follow-up. The most common malignancies are lymphoproliferative disorders (early after transplantation) and skin carcinomas (late after transplantation). Another important confounder for risk of malignancy after renal transplantation is the type of immunosuppression. The type of malignancy is different in various countries and dependent on genetic and environmental factors. Finally, previous cancer treatment in a uremic patient on the transplant waiting list is of great importance in relation to waiting time and post-malignancy screening. PMID:17657083

  12. RARE METASTASES OF MALIGNANT MELANOMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marija Trenki?-Božinovi?

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Melanomas are malignant neoplasms that originate from melanocytes. The most common are on the skin and mucous membranes. Choroidal melanomas are quite different from cutaneous melanomas with regard to presentation, metastases, and treatment. We report two cases of metastatic gastric malignant melanoma of the eye and skin, with reference to the literature. The first patient was a woman aged 23 years, who underwent gastrectomy 22 months after enucleation of the eye due to malignant choroid melanoma. The second patient was a man, 72 years old, who underwent surgery 28 months before because of malignant melanoma of the skin of the forehead. Paraffin sections, 4 ?m thick were stained using a classic method, as well as immunohistochemical DAKO APAAP method, using a specific S - 100 antibody and Melan A antibodies. The stomach is considered a rare place for the development of metastases. Metastases in the stomach are often limited to the submucosal as well as the serousmuscular layer, as noted in one of our patients. Metastatic melanoma of the gastrointestinal tract should be suspected in any patient with a history of malignant melanoma and new gastrointestinal symptoms. Because of the similarity between certain common histopathological types of malignant melanoma, primarily achromatic, and types of primary cancers of the stomach, the following immunohistochemical studies are needed: Melan A and S - 100 protein ( markers of malignant melanoma , as well as mucins: MUC5AC, MUC2 and CDX2 ( markers of different types of primary gastric carcinoma.

  13. [Not diagnosable malignant melanomas].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neuber, H; Lippold, A; Hundeiker, M

    1991-04-01

    Of the 3574 malignant melanomas treated in Hornheide between December 1981 and August 1990 (not including preinvasive cases) 97 were not immediately recognized. These tumours did not look like melanomas. In 72% they were smaller than 10 mm in diameter, and in 20%, smaller than 5 mm. Clark's so often quoted "pencil rule" should no longer be used as an aid to exclusion of invasive melanoma. Localization of the unrecognized melanomas was on the head and neck in 22% of cases. In 37%, the patients were under the age of 40 years. No less than 25% of the patients had multiple melanomas. Many of these melanomas. Many of these melanomas were thin tumours (less than 0.75 mm in 55% and less than 1.5 mm in 77%). This explains why more than 50% of the lesions are described as "macules". The most common incorrect diagnoses were dysplastic naevi (44%) and common (23%) naevi. The most important anamnestic criteria are the patients' own statements about changes in size, colour and shape. These "dynamic" elements must be more carefully observed and documented during process of the clinical diagnosis. PMID:1860796

  14. Childhood ovarian malignancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahadik, Kalpana; Ghorpade, Kanchanmala

    2014-04-01

    Objective of this article is to appraise diagnostic aspects and treatment modalities in childhood ovarian tumor in background of available evidence. Literature search on Pubmed revealed various aspects of epidemiology, histopathological diagnosis, and treatment of pediatric ovarian tumor. 85 % of childhood tumors are germ cell tumors. The varied histopathological picture in germ cell tumors poses a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Immunohistochemistry and newer genetic markers like SALL4 and karyopherin-2 (KPNA2) have been helpful in differentiating ovarian yolk sac tumor from dysgerminoma, teratomas, and other pictures of hepatoid, endometrioid, clear cell carcinomatous, and adenocarcinomatous tissues with varied malignant potential. Before platinum therapy, these tumors were almost fatal in children. Fertility-conserving surgery with bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin has dramatically changed the survival rates in these patients. This modality gives cancer cure with healthy offspring to female patients with childhood ovarian tumor. Evidence also supports this protocol resulting in successful pregnancy rates and safety of cytotoxic drugs in children born to these patients. PMID:24757335

  15. [Neuroleptic malignant syndrome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chodorowski, Zygmunt; Anand, Jacek Sein; Rutkowski, Przemys?aw

    2003-01-01

    Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is the most dangerous side effect of phenothiazines therapy. In the period of time from 1995 to 2002 in the Intensive Toxicological Unit there were five patients, 3 men and 2 women, aged from 25 to 62 (average 44.2) years-old, admitted from the regional inpatients psychiatric units with the diagnosis of pneumonia and/or sepsis. The patients about 48-72 hours before admittance were given some phenotiazine derivatives (promazine, perphenazine, clozapine, pipamperon) and/or buthyrophenone (haloperidol) because of psychotic state. Altered consciousness, muscle rigidity, hyperpyrexia (39.0-41.0 degrees C), sweating, tachycardia (120-150/min.), tachypnoea (respiratory rate more than 25/min.) and high level of creatine kinase activity (23,751-112,288 U/l) dominated. Only one patient had clinical picture of pneumonia. Because of the rapid development of acute respiratory failure, respirathorotherapy was initiated and continued for 8 and 10 days in two patients respectively. Transient thrombocytopenia (26,000/microliter) in one subject was observed. The neuroleptic drug was withdrawn and intensive supportive care with administration of bromocriptine (15-20 mg/24 h) was provided. None one of the doctors told the patients about the possibility of NMS during phenothiazines therapy. PMID:14569909

  16. Malignant melanoma of the vagina.

    OpenAIRE

    Rahat ARA; Saw OHNMAR

    2011-01-01

    Carcinoma of the vagina is uncommon and only constitutes two percent of malignant neoplasms of the female genital tract. Malignant melanoma of the vagina is rarer and accounts for only 3.2% of all vaginal cancers. It presumably arises from melanocytes found in the vagina of three percent of normal women. It is a very aggressive tumour and the overall prognosis is poor despite the treatment. We report the case of an 81-year-old woman who presented with per vagina bleeding secondary to a malign...

  17. FIBROUS MONOLITH WEAR RESISTANT COMPONENTS FOR THE MINING INDUSTRY

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mark J. Rigali; Mike L. Fulcher

    2003-03-25

    During the reporting period, work continued on development of formulations using the materials down-selected from the initially identified contenders for the fibrous monolith wear resistant components. In the previous reporting period, a two-stage binder removal process was developed that resulted in prototype parts free of voids and other internal defects. During the current reporting period, work was performed to characterize the two-stage binder removal process for WC-Co based FM material systems. Use of this process has resulted in the fabrication of defect free sintered WC-Co FM bodies, with minimal free carbon porosity and densities approaching 100% theoretical. With the elimination of free carbon porosity and other binder removal process related defects, development work focused on optimizing the densification and eliminating defects observed in WC-Co based FM consolidated by pressureless sintering. Shrinkage of the monolithic core and shell materials used in the WC-Co based FM system was measured, and differences in material shrinkage were identified as a potential cause of cell boundary cracking observed in sintered parts. Re-formulation of material blends for this system was begun, with the goal of eliminating mechanical stresses during sintering by matching the volumetric shrinkage of the core and shell materials. Thirty-three 7/8 inch drill bit inserts (WC-Co(6%)/WC-Co(16%) FM) were hot pressed during the reporting period. Six of these inserts were delivered for field-testing by Superior Rock Bit during the upcoming reporting period. In addition, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-TiCN FM cutting tool inserts were fabricated, and cutting tests performed.

  18. Vibration damage testing of thermal barrier fibrous blanket insulation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    GA Technologies is engaged in a long-term, multiphase program to determine the vibration characteristics of thermal barrier components leading to qualification of assemblies for High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (HTGR) service. The phase of primary emphasis described herein is the third in a series of acoustic tests and uses as background the more elemental tests preceding it. Two sizes of thermal barrier coverplates with one fibrous blanket insulation type were tested in an acoustic environment at sound pressure levels up to 160 dB. Three tests were conducted using sinusoidal and random noise for up to 200 h duration at room temperature. Frequent inspections were made to determine the progression of degradation using definition of stages from a prior test program. Initially the insulation surface adjacent to the metallic seal sheets (noise side) assumed a chafed or polished appearance. This was followed by flattening of the as-received pillowed surface. This stage was followed by a depression being formed in the vicinity of the free edge of the coverplate. Next, loose powder from within the blanket and from fiber erosion accumulated in the depression. Prior experience showed that the next stage of deterioration exhibited a consolidation of the powder to form a local crust. In this test series, this last stage generally failed to materialize. Instead, surface holes generated by solid ceramic particulates (commonly referred to as 'shot') constituted the stage following powdering. With the exception of some manufacturing-induced anomalies, the final stage, namely, gross fiber breakup, did not occur. It is this last stage that must be prevented for the thermal barrier to maintain its integrity. (orig./GL)

  19. STRENGTH AND DEFORMABILITY OF STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS OF TRANSPORT FACILITIES ON THE BASIS OF FINE-GRAINED FIBROUS STEEL SLAG CONCRETE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. N. Chernousov

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement. Application of steel fibrous concrete in structures of transport facilities providesfor their reliable and durable operation, however, along with the indisputable advantages,steel fibrous concrete has significant drawback. Its application in transport construction is very expensive.The use of cast slag crushed stone screenings, along with fibers from waste products oflocal factories, as a filler of concrete matrix will significantly reduce the costs of production oftransport facility structures and their elements with the use of steel fibrous concrete.Results and conclusions. According to the results of experimental studies formulae for practical estimationof shrinkage deformations of concrete matrix of fibrous steel slag concrete are obtained. Theanalytical relationships for fibrous steel slag concrete are derived. These relationships involve ultimatecompression and tensile strength, increase in compression and bending strength with time, longtermcompression strength, low cycle tensile fatigue, wearability. Based on experimental studies theuse of fibrous steel slag concrete in structural elements of transport facilities is suggested.

  20. The differentiation of malignant and benign musculoskeletal tumors by F-18 FDG PET/CT studies-determination of maxSUV by analysis of ROC curve

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We evaluated the standard uptake value (SUV) of F-18 FDG at PET/CT for differentiation of benign from malignant tumor in primary musculoskeletal tumors. Forty-six tumors (11 benign and 12 malignant soft tissue tumors, 9 benign and 14 malignant bone tumors) were examined with F-18 FDG PET/CT (Discovery ST, GE) prior to tissue diagnosis. The maxSUV(maximum value of SUV) were calculated and compared between benign and malignant lesions. The lesion analysis was based on the transverse whole body image. The maxSUV with cutoff of 4.1 was used in distinguishing benign from malignant soft tissue tumor and 3.05 was used in bone tumor by ROC curve. There was a statistically significant difference in maxSUV between benign (n = 11; maxSUV 3.4 ± 3.2) and malignant (n = 12; maxSUV 14.8 ± 12.2) lesion in soft tissue tumor (? = 0.001). Between benign bone tumor (n = 9; maxSUV 5.4 ± 4.0) and malignant bone tumor (n = 14; maxSUV 7.3 ± 3.2), there was not a significant difference in maxSUV. The sensitivity and specificity for differentiating malignant from benign soft tissue tumor was 83% and 91%, respectively. There were four false positive malignant bone tumor cases to include fibrous dysplasia, Langerhans-cell histiocytosis (n = 2) and osteoid osteoma. Also, one false positive case of malignant soft tissue tumor was nodular fasciitis. The maxSUV was useful for differentiation of benign from malignant lesion in primary soft tissue tumors. In bone tumor, the low maxSUV correlated well with benign lesions but high maxSUV did not always mean malignancy

  1. The differentiation of malignant and benign musculoskeletal tumors by F-18 FDG PET/CT studies-determination of maxSUV by analysis of ROC curve

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kong, Eun Jung; Cho, Ihn Ho; Chun, Kyung Ah; Won, Kyu Chang; Lee, Hyung Woo; Choi, Jun Heok; Shin, Duk Seop [Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-12-15

    We evaluated the standard uptake value (SUV) of F-18 FDG at PET/CT for differentiation of benign from malignant tumor in primary musculoskeletal tumors. Forty-six tumors (11 benign and 12 malignant soft tissue tumors, 9 benign and 14 malignant bone tumors) were examined with F-18 FDG PET/CT (Discovery ST, GE) prior to tissue diagnosis. The maxSUV(maximum value of SUV) were calculated and compared between benign and malignant lesions. The lesion analysis was based on the transverse whole body image. The maxSUV with cutoff of 4.1 was used in distinguishing benign from malignant soft tissue tumor and 3.05 was used in bone tumor by ROC curve. There was a statistically significant difference in maxSUV between benign (n = 11; maxSUV 3.4 {+-} 3.2) and malignant (n = 12; maxSUV 14.8 {+-} 12.2) lesion in soft tissue tumor ({rho} = 0.001). Between benign bone tumor (n = 9; maxSUV 5.4 {+-} 4.0) and malignant bone tumor (n = 14; maxSUV 7.3 {+-} 3.2), there was not a significant difference in maxSUV. The sensitivity and specificity for differentiating malignant from benign soft tissue tumor was 83% and 91%, respectively. There were four false positive malignant bone tumor cases to include fibrous dysplasia, Langerhans-cell histiocytosis (n = 2) and osteoid osteoma. Also, one false positive case of malignant soft tissue tumor was nodular fasciitis. The maxSUV was useful for differentiation of benign from malignant lesion in primary soft tissue tumors. In bone tumor, the low maxSUV correlated well with benign lesions but high maxSUV did not always mean malignancy.

  2. Drugs Approved for Malignant Mesothelioma

    Science.gov (United States)

    This page lists cancer drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for malignant mesothelioma. The list includes generic names and brand names. The drug names link to NCI's Cancer Drug Information summaries.

  3. Treatment Options for Malignant Mesothelioma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of the chest in the lining of the chest wall . Cancer may have spread to: the lining of the ... following: Surgery to remove the part of the chest lining with cancer and the tissue around it. If malignant mesothelioma ...

  4. Treatment Option Overview (Malignant Mesothelioma)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of the chest in the lining of the chest wall . Cancer may have spread to: the lining of the ... following: Surgery to remove the part of the chest lining with cancer and the tissue around it. If malignant mesothelioma ...

  5. General Information about Malignant Mesothelioma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of the chest in the lining of the chest wall . Cancer may have spread to: the lining of the ... following: Surgery to remove the part of the chest lining with cancer and the tissue around it. If malignant mesothelioma ...

  6. Malignant hyperthermia: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenberg, Henry; Pollock, Neil; Schiemann, Anja; Bulger, Terasa; Stowell, Kathryn

    2015-01-01

    Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a pharmacogenetic disorder of skeletal muscle that presents as a hypermetabolic response to potent volatile anesthetic gases such as halothane, sevoflurane, desflurane, isoflurane and the depolarizing muscle relaxant succinylcholine, and rarely, in humans, to stressors such as vigorous exercise and heat. The incidence of MH reactions ranges from 1:10,000 to 1: 250,000 anesthetics. However, the prevalence of the genetic abnormalities may be as great as one in 400 individuals. MH affects humans, certain pig breeds, dogs and horses. The classic signs of MH include hyperthermia, tachycardia, tachypnea, increased carbon dioxide production, increased oxygen consumption, acidosis, hyperkalaemia, muscle rigidity, and rhabdomyolysis, all related to a hypermetabolic response. The syndrome is likely to be fatal if untreated. An increase in end-tidal carbon dioxide despite increased minute ventilation provides an early diagnostic clue. In humans the syndrome is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern, while in pigs it is autosomal recessive. Uncontrolled rise of myoplasmic calcium, which activates biochemical processes related to muscle activation leads to the pathophysiologic changes. In most cases, the syndrome is caused by a defect in the ryanodine receptor. Over 400 variants have been identified in the RYR1 gene located on chromosome 19q13.1, and at least 34 are causal for MH. Less than 1 % of variants have been found in CACNA1S but not all of these are causal. Diagnostic testing involves the in vitro contracture response of biopsied muscle to halothane, caffeine, and in some centres ryanodine and 4-chloro-m-cresol. Elucidation of the genetic changes has led to the introduction of DNA testing for susceptibility to MH. Dantrolene sodium is a specific antagonist and should be available wherever general anesthesia is administered. Increased understanding of the clinical manifestation and pathophysiology of the syndrome, has lead to the mortality decreasing from 80 % thirty years ago to <5 % in 2006. PMID:26238698

  7. Malignant schwannoma of the rectum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malignant schwannomas are rare. These malignomas are primary nerve sheath tumors that usually arise from a peripheral nerve. They appear most frequently in the lower extremities, including the hips and buttocks (34.8%), the upper extremities (23.4%), and in the trunk (17%). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a malignant schwannoma of the rectum. We describe the rare disease with reference to the literature. (orig.)

  8. Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors

    OpenAIRE

    Farid, Mohamad; Demicco, Elizabeth G.; Garcia, Roberto; Ahn, Linda; Merola, Pamela R.; Cioffi, Angela; Maki, Robert G.

    2014-01-01

    Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors are amongst the most challenging mesenchymal malignancies to treat. Their frequent association with a seemingly simple genetic aberration—the loss of the tumor suppressor gene neurofibromin—belies genomic complexity that has rendered effective therapy elusive to date. This review aims to detail elements of current optimal clinical management and summarize recent data on potential molecular drivers and targets, with a view to charting the course for fut...

  9. Cutaneous malignant melanoma in Scotland.

    OpenAIRE

    Mackie, R.M.; Hunter, J A

    1982-01-01

    In view of the concern over the rising incidence of malignant melanoma in many parts of the world, and the suggestion that emigrants of Scottish and Irish descent have a higher incidence of melanoma in North America and Australia, a Scottish Melanoma Group has been formed to study epidemiological, pathological and therapeutic aspects of the tumour. In 1979, 260 histologically proven primary cutaneous malignant melanomas of the skin presented. This represents an incidence of 5.1/10(5) for Scot...

  10. The computed tomographic findings of the primary retroperitoneal tumors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors reviewed the CT findings of 31 cases of primary retroperitoneal tumors confirmed by operation (25 cases) or needle biopsy (6 cases) at the Chonnam University Hospital from June, 1983 to August, 1988. The size, shape, location, margin of mass, effect on the surrounding structures, presence or absence of metastasis and the composition of the tumor were analyzed to find the differential points between benign and malignant tumors and characteristic findings of each tumors. The results were as follows; 1. The benign tumor showed smaller size than malignant one and well circumscribed round or ovoid lesions, and no surrounding invasion or distant metastasis. 2. Some characteristic findings in teratoma, liposarcoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma aided in differential diagnosis; 1) Teratoma showed mixture of fatty low density and high density, and characteristic fluid level. 2) Lipogenic liposarcoma showed fatty low density, slightly higher than that of normal retroperitoneal fat. 3) Malignant fibrous histiocytoma showed well margined mass with an attenuation coefficient equal or slightly lower than that of moral muscle and arose near kidney or adrenal gland and so compressed or invaded kidney

  11. Malignant melanoma and other malignancies of the nasal cavity and the paranasal sinuses in Sweden

    OpenAIRE

    Jangard, Mattias

    2014-01-01

    Background: Malignancies emerging in the nasal cavity and the paranasal sinuses are rare and accounts for 5% of all head and neck malignancies and 0.1% of all malignancies in Sweden. The incidence of sinonasal malignancy (SNM), except sinonasal malignant melanoma (SNMM), has been reported to decrease since 1960 in Sweden. Despite similar improvement in the prognosis of other malignancies, treatment of SNM still yields a poor survival outcome. About 1–2% of all malignant melanomas origin...

  12. Preparation of poly(ethylene glycol/polylactide hybrid fibrous scaffolds for bone tissue engineering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni P

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available PeiYan Ni, ShaoZhi Fu, Min Fan, Gang Guo, Shuai Shi, JinRong Peng, Feng Luo, ZhiYong QianState Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of ChinaAbstract: Polylactide (PLA electrospun fibers have been reported as a scaffold for bone tissue engineering application, however, the great hydrophobicity limits its broad application. In this study, the hybrid amphiphilic poly(ethylene glycol (PEG/hydrophobic PLA fibrous scaffolds exhibited improved morphology with regular and continuous fibers compared to corresponding blank PLA fiber mats. The prepared PEG/PLA fibrous scaffolds favored mesenchymal stem cell (MSC attachment and proliferation by providing an interconnected porous extracellular environment. Meanwhile, MSCs can penetrate into the fibrous scaffold through the interstitial pores and integrate well with the surrounding fibers, which is very important for favorable application in tissue engineering. More importantly, the electrospun hybrid PEG/PLA fibrous scaffolds can enhance MSCs to differentiate into bone-associated cells by comprehensively evaluating the representative markers of the osteogenic procedure with messenger ribonucleic acid quantitation and protein analysis. MSCs on the PEG/PLA fibrous scaffolds presented better differentiation potential with higher messenger ribonucleic acid expression of the earliest osteogenic marker Cbfa-1 and mid-stage osteogenic marker Col I. The significantly higher alkaline phosphatase activity of the PEG/PLA fibrous scaffolds indicated that these can enhance the differentiation of MSCs into osteoblast-like cells. Furthermore, the higher messenger ribonucleic acid level of the late osteogenic differentiation markers OCN (osteocalcin and OPN (osteopontin, accompanied by the positive Alizarin red S staining, showed better maturation of osteogenic induction on the PEG/PLA fibrous scaffolds at the mineralization stage of differentiation. After transplantation into the thigh muscle pouches of rats, and evaluating the inflammatory cells surrounding the scaffolds and the physiological characteristics of the surrounding tissues, the PEG/PLA scaffolds presented good biocompatibility. Based on the good cellular response and excellent osteogenic potential in vitro, as well as the biocompatibility with the surrounding tissues in vivo, the electrospun PEG/PLA fibrous scaffolds could be one of the most promising candidates in bone tissue engineering.Keywords: electrospinning, fibrous scaffolds, poly(ethylene glycol/polylactide, mesenchymal stem cells, bone tissue engineering

  13. Adsorption kinetics and isotherms of zeolite coatings directly crystallized on fibrous plates for heat pump applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zeolite A coatings were grown on porous fibrous metal plates by using the substrate heating synthesis method. The coatings prepared were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and laser microscopy. Kinetic measurements were performed to determine the rates of adsorption of these materials while their adsorption isotherms were obtained by thermogravimetry (TG). The overall adsorption kinetics varied with the different samples investigated. The zeolite A coating grown on a copper fibrous support generally exhibited superior overall adsorption kinetics compared to a zeolite X coating with close mass, prepared previously on a stainless steel flat plate. The coating thickness as well as the support properties affected the performances of the samples. The inclusion of an additional polymer layer exhibited adverse impact on the kinetics especially after relatively high normalized loadings. The adsorption isotherms obtained for the zeolite coatings on fibrous supports were quite typical for zeolite A while the addition of polymer changed the isotherm type. -- Highlights: • Thick zeolite A coatings were grown on fibrous metal plates. • Use of fibrous supports improved heat transfer quality. • Coating thickness influenced adsorption kinetics notably. • Inclusion of an additional polymer layer changed kinetics and isotherm type

  14. Backscatter factor and absorption ratio of fibrous zirconia media in the visible

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fibrous thermal insulations are widely used to conserve energy in ambient to high temperature applications including buildings, solar collectors, heat exchangers, furnaces and thermal protection systems of reusable launch vehicles. It has long been recognised that zirconia has the lowest thermal conductivity of commercial refractories. The thermal conductivity of a zirconia fibrous medium is strongly dependent of its bulk density; high bulk densities of zirconia fibers provide the most effective insulation at high temperatures. Lee's theory for radiative transfer through fibrous media is used in this paper. The two-flux model is applied to determine the backward and forward parameters of a medium of zirconia fibers oriented in parallel planes. Theoretical calculations of the backscatter factor and absorption ratio of this medium are carried out in the visible spectrum for different size parameters of the fibers and for three different temperatures. Our results show that the backscatter factor of zirconia fibrous insulations is maximum, and therefore the heat transfer by the fibrous medium is the lowest, for a size parameter of 0.45 for all the temperatures studied. We also observed that the backscatter factor decreases with increasing temperature. (author)

  15. MR imaging of liver cirrhosis. Role of fibrous septa in visualization of regenerating nodules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this study was to identify the factors affecting the visualization of regenerating nodules in cirrhotic liver by MR imaging. MR images from patients with liver cirrhosis and normal subjects were studied, and signal intensity within the liver was measured and correlated with histologic findings. A reference phantom was also used as a standard. The signal intensity of the liver on T2-weighted (T2WI) spin-echo (SE) images was significantly increased in patients with liver cirrhosis. Multiple ring-like or reticular high-intensity areas (RHAs) were demonstrated on T2WI SE images in 44 of 125 cirrhotic livers. Histologic examination in 44 cases revealed various degrees of inflammatory changes in fibrous septa surrounding regenerative nodules in all specimens, vascular dilation in fibrous septa in 4 specimens, and no hemosiderin deposition in some specimens. The results of linear discriminant analysis showed that inflammatory changes in fibrous septa were significantly more pronounced in cases with RHAs on MR. RHAs seen on T2WI SE images may correspond to fibrous septa with inflammation. The signal intensity of fibrous septa surrounding regenerative nodules on T2WI SE images may be increased in liver cirrhosis due to inflammation or vascular dilation, contributing to the visualization of regenerating nodules as relatively low-intensity regions on MR. (orig.)

  16. Evaluation of sodium sulfite and protein correction in analyses of fibrous compounds in tropical forages

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Daiany Íris, Gomes; Edenio, Detmann; Sebastião de Campos, Valadares Filho; Rafael, Mezzomo; Natália Krish de Paiva, Souza; Augusto César de, Queiroz; Kelly da Silva Coutinho, Detmann.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the contents of fibrous compounds in tropical grasses and legumes according to utilization of sodium sulfite in the neutral detergent solution or using a procedure for contaminant protein correction. Samples of ten grasses and ten legumes were used. The co [...] ntents of neutral detergent fiber were decreased when sodium sulfite was used; however, more prominent reductions were verified in legumes. Sodium sulfite decreased the acid detergent fiber content in both forage groups. The contents of neutral and acid detergent insoluble protein and lignin were reduced by sodium sulfite in legumes, but no effect was observed in grasses with regard to these variables. The decrease in fiber contents in legumes could be explained by the solubilization of lignin and decrease in insoluble nitrogen. However, the decreases in fiber in grasses could not be solely explained by the decrease in contaminant protein and solubilization of lignin, and loss of other fibrous compounds probably occurred. The utilization of sodium sulfite compromises the accuracy of the estimates of fibrous compounds contents in tropical forages. The precision of the estimates were not relevantly increased by sodium sulfite. The correction of insoluble fibrous compounds for protein is suggested instead of using sodium sulfite because there are no modifications on neutral detergent solution or undesirable solubilization of fibrous compounds.

  17. Experimental investigation of sedimentation of LOCA - generated fibrous debris and sludge in BWR suppression pools

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several tests were conducted in a 1:2.4 scale model of a Mark I suppression pool to investigate the behavior of fibrous insulation and sludge debris under LOCA conditions. NUKON trademark shreds, manually cut and tore up in a leaf shredder, and iron oxide particles were used to simulate fibrous and sludge debris, respectively. The suppression pool model included four downcomers fitted with pistons to simulate the steam-water oscillations during chugging expected during a LOCA. The study was conducted to provide debris settling velocity data for the models used in the BLOCKAGE computer code, developed to estimate the ECCS pump head loss due to clogging of the strainers with LOCA generated debris. The tests showed that the debris, both fibrous and particulate, remains fully mixed during chugging; they also showed that, during chugging, the fibrous debris underwent fragmentation into smaller sizes, including individual fibers. Measured concentrations showed that fibrous debris settled slower than the sludge, and that the settling behavior of each material is independent of the presence of the other material. Finally, these tests showed that the assumption of considering uniform debris concentration during strainer calculations is reasonable. The tests did not consider the effects of the operation of the ECCS on the transport of debris in the suppression pool

  18. Creating Hierarchical Topographies on Fibrous Platforms Using Femtosecond Laser Ablation for Directing Myoblasts Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jun, Indong; Chung, Yong-Woo; Heo, Yun-Hoe; Han, Hyung-Seop; Park, Jimin; Jeong, Hongsoo; Lee, Hyunjung; Lee, Yu Bin; Kim, Yu-Chan; Seok, Hyun-Kwang; Shin, Heungsoo; Jeon, Hojeong

    2016-02-10

    Developing an artificial extracellular matrix that closely mimics the native tissue microenvironment is important for use as both a cell culture platform for controlling cell fate and an in vitro model system for investigating the role of the cellular microenvironment. Electrospinning, one of the methods for fabricating structures that mimic the native ECM, is a promising technique for creating fibrous platforms. It is well-known that align or randomly distributed electrospun fibers provide cellular contact guidance in a single pattern. However, native tissues have hierarchical structures, i.e., topographies on the micro- and nanoscales, rather than a single structure. Thus, we fabricated randomly distributed nanofibrous (720 ± 80 nm in diameter) platforms via a conventional electrospinning process, and then we generated microscale grooves using a femtosecond laser ablation process to develop engineered fibrous platforms with patterned hierarchical topographies. The engineered fibrous platforms can regulate cellular adhesive morphology, proliferation, and distinct distribution of focal adhesion proteins. Furthermore, confluent myoblasts cultured on the engineered fibrous platforms revealed that the direction of myotube assembly can be controlled. These results indicate that our engineered fibrous platforms may be useful tools in investigating the roles of nano- and microscale topographies in the communication between cells and ECM. PMID:26771693

  19. Non-oxidative and oxidative torrefaction characterization and SEM observations of fibrous and ligneous biomass

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Non-oxidative and oxidative torrefaction of biomass is studied. • Two fibrous biomasses and two ligneous biomasses are tested. • SEM observations of four biomasses are provided. • Fibrous biomass is more sensitive to O2 concentration than ligneous biomass. • The performance of non-oxidative torrefaction is better than that of oxidative torrefaction. - Abstract: Oxidative torrefaction is a method to reduce the operating cost of upgrading biomass. To understand the potential of oxidative torrefaction and its impact on the internal structure of biomass, non-oxidative and oxidative torrefaction of two fibrous biomass materials (oil palm fiber and coconut fiber) and two ligneous ones (eucalyptus and Cryptomeria japonica) at 300 °C for 1 h are studied and compared with each other. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) observations are also performed to explore the impact of torrefaction atmosphere on the lignocellulosic structure of biomass. The results indicate that the fibrous biomass is more sensitive to O2 concentration than the ligneous biomass. In oxidative torrefaction, an increase in O2 concentration decreases the solid yield. The energy yield is linearly proportional to the solid yield, which is opposite to the behavior of non-oxidative torrefaction. The performance of non-oxidative torrefaction is better than that of oxidative torrefaction. As a whole, ligneous biomass can be torrefied in oxidative environments at lower O2 concentrations, whereas fibrous biomass is more suitable for non-oxidative torrefaction

  20. Synthesis of precursor for fibrous mullite powder by alkoxide hydrolysis method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Precursor for fibrous mullite powder was synthesized by simple alkoxide hydrolysis method without special treatment, and the formation mechanism of fibrous mullite precursor was investigated. As-synthesized precursor was amorphous and consisted of nano-scaled particles, and Al2O3 and SiO2 components containing small amount of Si-O-Al components existed in the precursor. During heat-treatment, Al-Si spinel phase and amorphous SiO2 formed around 1000 deg. C, and the products after heat-treatment above 1200 deg. C consisted of single mullite phase as fibrous shape of mullite precursor was maintained. In the present synthesis process, fibrous precursor derived from aluminum isopropoxide acted as a template for fibrous mullite precursor. Specific surface area of as-synthesized mullite precursor was 380 m2/g, and it gradually decreased with increasing heat-treatment temperature. Specific surface area of the products significantly decreased around 1200 deg. C, that corresponded to crystallization temperature, and that of the product after heat-treatment at 1300 deg. C was 13 m2/g.

  1. Mechanism of FGF23 processing in fibrous dysplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharyya, Nisan; Wiench, Malgorzata; Dumitrescu, Claudia; Connolly, Brian M; Bugge, Thomas H; Patel, Himatkumar V; Gafni, Rachel I; Cherman, Natasha; Cho, Monique; Hager, Gordon L; Collins, Michael T

    2012-05-01

    Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) is a phosphate- and vitamin D-regulating hormone derived from osteoblasts/osteocytes that circulates in both active (intact, iFGF23) and inactive (C-terminal, cFGF23) forms. O-glycosylation by O-glycosyl transferase N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 3 (ppGalNAcT3) and differential cleavage by furin have been shown to be involved in regulating the ratio of active to inactive FGF23. Elevated iFGF23 levels are observed in a number of hypophosphatemic disorders, such as X-linked, autosomal recessive, and autosomal dominant hypophosphatemic rickets, whereas low iFGF23 levels are found in the hyperphosphatemic disorder familial tumoral calcinosis/hyperphosphatemic hyperostosis syndrome. Fibrous dysplasia of bone (FD) is associated with increased total FGF23 levels (cFGF23?+?iFGF23); however, classic hypophosphatemic rickets is uncommon. Our results suggest that it can be explained by increased FGF23 cleavage leading to an increase in inactive cFGF23 relative to active iFGF23. Given the fact that FD is caused by activating mutations in the small G-protein G(s) ? that results in increased cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) levels, we postulated that there may be altered FGF23 cleavage in FD and that the mechanism may involve alterations in cAMP levels and ppGalNacT3 and furin activities. Analysis of blood specimens from patients with FD confirmed that the elevated total FGF23 levels are the result of proportionally increased cFGF23 levels, consistent with less glycosylation and enhanced cleavage by furin. Analysis of primary cell lines of normal and mutation-harboring bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) from patients with FD demonstrated that BMSCs harboring the causative G(s) ? mutation had higher cAMP levels, lower ppGalNAcT3, and higher furin activity. These data support the model wherein glycosylation by ppGalNAcT3 inhibits FGF23 cleavage by furin and suggest that FGF23 processing is a regulated process that controls overall FGF23 activity in FD patients. PMID:22247037

  2. Self-assembly studies of native and recombinant fibrous proteins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Donna Lucille

    The structure of silk proteins consists of alternating amorphous (glycine-rich) and ordered crystalline regions (poly(alanine) and poly(glycine-alanine) repeats), where the organized regions are typically beta-sheet assemblies. In collagen, the basic helical repeat (glycine-proline-hydroxyproline and variants on this repeat) drives hierarchical assembly. Three polypeptide chains form left-handed poly-proline II-like helices, these three chains then self-assemble to form a right-handed triple helix. The focus of this thesis is on these proteins and defined variations thereof to reveal features of fibrous protein self-assembly. The amino acid sequences of native silk and collagen and their respective assembly environments have been systematically manipulated. Spider silk protein, based on the consensus sequence of Nephila clavipes dragline-silk, was genetically engineered to include methionines flanking the beta-sheet forming polyalanine regions. These methionines could be selectively oxidized and reduced, altering the bulkiness and charge of a methionine-based sulfoxide group to control beta-sheet formation by steric hindrance. A second version of the sterical trigger included a recognition site for Protein Kinase A allowing for the selective phosphorylation of a serine. Patterning a monolayer of precursor "director" molecules on length scales ranging from nanometer- to micrometer-length scales simplifies the interpretation of supramolecular assembly. Utilizing the atomic force microscopy (AFM)-based technique of dip-pen nanolithography, thiolated collagen and a collagen-like peptide were patterned at 30--50 nm line widths on evaporated gold surfaces. These are the largest molecules thus far positively printed on a surface at such small-length scales. The method preserved the triple helical structure and biological activity of collagen and even fostered the formation of characteristic higher-levels of structural organization. Nanopatterns were also achieved for unmodified silk protein. A sequence block from the native primary structure of collagen IV, as well as sequences of selected collagen-modifying enzymes, were manipulated through recombinant DNA technology. Collagen IV is found primarily in the basement membrane of cells and typically characterized by a loose "chicken-mesh" network of individual molecules assembled via their end regions. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

  3. Dedifferentiated parosteal osteosarcoma with giant cell tumor component

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dedifferentiated parosteal osteosarcoma is characterized histologically by the admixture of low-grade fibroblastic osteosarcoma and a high-grade component typically resembling conventional osteosarcoma or malignant fibrous histiocytoma. We report an unusual distal femoral dedifferentiated parosteal osteosarcoma in which the dedifferentiated component resembled a giant cell tumor of bone. This phenotype is rarely described in the dedifferentiated component of a dedifferentiated parosteal osteosarcoma. The clinical, radiographic, and pathologic features of this unusual tumor are described to further expand the histologic spectrum of dedifferentiated parosteal osteosarcoma. (orig.)

  4. Micromechanics approach to the magnetoelectric properties of laminate and fibrous piezoelectric/magnetostrictive composites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We use a micromechanics approach to study the magnetoelectric (ME) properties of the piezoelectric/magnetostrictive composite with a 2-2 laminate structure and a 3-1 fibrous structure. It is found that the 3-1 composite has a higher ME coefficient than the 2-2 one, if the volume ratio of piezoelectric material is the same. The reason is that the 3-1 fibrous composite makes use of the longitudinal piezoelectric response and the piezoelectric voltage constant g33 is 2-3 times that of g31. Generally, a smaller volume ratio of the piezoelectric material will generate a higher ME response. The tensile stress at the piezoelectric/magnetostrictive interface of the 3-1 fibrous composite, however, could be high enough to induce plastic deformation or microcracks, which leads to a ME coefficient lower than the theoretically predicted one

  5. Superhydrophobic coating to delay drug release from drug-loaded electrospun fibrous materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Botao; Xu, Shichen; Shi, Suqing; Jia, Pengxiang; Xu, Qing; Hu, Gaoli; Zhang, Hongxin; Wang, Cuiyu

    2015-12-01

    The drug-loaded electrospun fibrous materials showed attractive applications in biomedical fields; however, the serve burst release of drug from this kind of drug carrier limited its further applications. In this study, inspired by water strong repellency of superhydrophobic surface, the drug-loaded electrospun fibrous mat coated with superhydrophobic layer was constructed to retard and control drug release. The results indicated that the superhydrophobic coating could be simply fabricated on the drug-loaded electrospun mat by the electrospray approach, and the thickness of the superhydrophobic coating could be finely controlled by varying the deposition time. It was further found that, as compared with drug-loaded electrospun mats, drug released sustainably from the samples coated with superhydrophobic layer, and the drug release rate could be controlled by the thickness of superhydrophobic layer. In summary, the current approach of coating a superhydrophobic layer on the drug-loaded electrospun fibrous materials offered a fundament for drug sustained release.

  6. Electrospinning polyvinylidene fluoride fibrous membranes containing anti-bacterial drugs used as wound dressing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Ting; Wang, Jingnan; Huang, Peilin; Zeng, Baozhen; Li, Haihong; Cao, Qingyun; Zhang, Shiying; Luo, Zhuo; Deng, David Y B; Zhang, Hongwu; Zhou, Wuyi

    2015-06-01

    The aim of this study was to synthesis drug-loaded fibrous membrane scaffolds for potential applications as wound dressing. Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) fibrous membranes were loaded with enrofloxacin (Enro) drugs by using an electrospinning process, and their mechanical strength, drug release profile and anti-bacterial properties were evaluated. Enro drug-loaded PVDF membranes exhibited good elasticity, flexibility and excellent mechanical strength. The electrospinning Enro/PVDF membranes showed a burst drug release in the initial 12h, followed by sustained release for the next 3 days, which was an essential property for antibiotic drugs applied for wound healing. The drug-loaded PVDF fibrous membranes displayed excellent anti-bacterial activity toward Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The results suggest that electrospinning PVDF membrane scaffolds loaded with drugs can be used as wound dressing. PMID:25936562

  7. Highly efficient fibrous dye-sensitized solar cells based on TiO2 nanotube arrays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The structure of fibrous dye-sensitized solar cells, which were constructed by a TiO2 nanotube array on Ti wire as the photoanode twisted by a Pt wire counter electrode, has been first systematically investigated by accurately controlling the thread pitch distance of screwed Pt wire. It has been revealed that the thread pitch will strongly influence the photovoltaic performance and kinetic processes in fibrous solar cells. The effect of the length of the TiO2 nanotube on cell performance has also been discussed. After optimization, a relatively universal optimized thread pitch value of 1 mm for fibrous DSCs has been proved and the light-to-electricity conversion efficiency has been remarkably improved to 5.84%.

  8. Hunger in pregnant sows: Effects of a fibrous diet and free access to straw

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Margit Bak; Pedersen, Lene Juul; Theil, Peter Kappel; Knudsen, Knud Erik Bach

    2015-01-01

    periods. Furthermore, the sows’ feeding motivation was assessed during behavioural tests, and blood samples were draw via a jugular vein catheter, at 0700, 0900, 1200 and 1900 h in a balanced design. Feeding motivation was not affected by diet or straw. However, feeding motivation was highest 1 h before......Fibrous diets and the provision of straw have been suggested to reduce feeding motivation in pregnant sows. The present experiment investigated the separate and interactive effects of a fibrous diet and ad libitum access to straw on feeding motivation, oral behaviour and plasma levels of...... straw), while the remaining 5 groups did not (Limited straw). The experimental period (week 2–9 of pregnancy) was divided into two 4-week periods and in a cross-over design sows within groups were fed a standard control diet (18% dietary fibre) during one period and a fibrous diet containing sugar beet...

  9. Water-stable three-dimensional ultrafine fibrous scaffolds from keratin for cartilage tissue engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Helan; Cai, Shaobo; Xu, Lan; Yang, Yiqi

    2014-07-22

    Intrinsically water-stable scaffolds composed of ultrafine keratin fibers oriented randomly and evenly in three dimensions were electrospun for cartilage tissue engineering. Keratin has been recognized as a biomaterial that could substantially support the growth and development of multiple cell lines. Besides, three-dimensional (3D) ultrafine fibrous structures were preferred in tissue engineering due to their structural similarity to native extracellular matrices in soft tissues. Recently, we have developed a nontraditional approach to developing 3D fibrous scaffolds from alcohol-soluble corn protein, zein, and verified their structural advantages in tissue engineering. However, keratin with highly cross-linked molecular structures could not be readily dissolved in common solvents for fiber spinning, which required the remarkable drawability of solution. So far, 3D fibrous scaffolds from pure keratin for biomedical applications have not been reported. In this research, the highly cross-linked keratin from chicken feathers was de-cross-linked and disentangled into linear and aligned molecules with preserved molecular weights, forming highly stretchable spinning dope. The solution was readily electrospun into scaffolds with ultrafine keratin fibers oriented randomly in three dimensions. Due to the highly cross-linked molecular structures, keratin scaffolds showed intrinsic water stability. Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells could penetrate much deeper, proliferate, and chondrogenically differentiate remarkably better on the 3D keratin scaffolds than on 2D PLA fibrous scaffolds, 3D soy protein fibrous scaffolds, or 3D commercial nonfibrous scaffolds. In summary, the electrospun 3D ultrafine fibrous scaffolds from keratin could be promising candidates for cartilage tissue engineering. PMID:25010870

  10. Electrospun PVdF-based fibrous polymer electrolytes for lithium ion polymer batteries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper discusses the preparation of microporous fibrous membranes from PVdF solutions with different polymer contents, using the electrospinning technique. Electrospun PVdF-based fibrous membranes with average fiber diameters (AFD's) of 0.45-1.38 ?m have an apparent porosity and a mean pore size (MPS) of 80-89% and 1.1-4.3 ?m, respectively. They exhibited a high uptake of the electrolyte solution (320-350%) and a high ionic conductivity of above 1 x 10-3 s/cm at room temperature. Their ionic conductivity increased with the decrease in the AFD of the fibrous membrane due to its high electrolyte uptake. The interaction between the electrolyte molecules and the PVdF with a high crystalline content may have had a minor effect on the lithium ion transfer in the fibrous polymer electrolyte, unlike in a nanoporous gel polymer electrolyte. The fibrous polymer electrolyte that contained a 1 M LiPF6-EC/DMC/DEC (1/1/1 by weight) solution showed a high electrochemical stability of above 5.0 V, which increased with the decrease in the AFD The interfacial resistance (Ri) between the polymer electrolyte and the lithium electrode slightly increased with the storage time, compared with the higher increase in the interfacial resistance of other gel polymer electrolytes. The prototype cell (MCMB/PVdF-based fibrous electrolyte/LiCoO2) showed a very stable charge-discharge behavior with a slight capacity loss under constant current and voltage conditions at the C/2-rate of 20 and 60 deg. C

  11. Nanoscale Piezoelectric Properties of Self-Assembled Fmoc-FF Peptide Fibrous Networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Kate; Beirne, Jason; Redmond, Gareth; Kilpatrick, Jason I; Guyonnet, Jill; Buchete, Nicolae-Viorel; Kholkin, Andrei L; Rodriguez, Brian J

    2015-06-17

    Fibrous peptide networks, such as the structural framework of self-assembled fluorenylmethyloxycarbonyl diphenylalanine (Fmoc-FF) nanofibrils, have mechanical properties that could successfully mimic natural tissues, making them promising materials for tissue engineering scaffolds. These nanomaterials have been determined to exhibit shear piezoelectricity using piezoresponse force microscopy, as previously reported for FF nanotubes. Structural analyses of Fmoc-FF nanofibrils suggest that the observed piezoelectric response may result from the noncentrosymmetric nature of an underlying ?-sheet topology. The observed piezoelectricity of Fmoc-FF fibrous networks is advantageous for a range of biomedical applications where electrical or mechanical stimuli are required. PMID:25994251

  12. Myxoid Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Retroperitoneum: MRI Findings with the Pathologic Correlation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shin, Sang Soo [Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Jeong, Yong Yeon; Kang, Heoung Keun [Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Hwasun (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-06-15

    We report here on a case of solitary fibrous tumor of the retroperitoneum, and the tumor displayed a predominantly myxoid histology. A 56-year-old man presented with an incidentally detected retroperitoneal mass. On the MR images, the mass was observed as having iso-signal intensity on the T1-weighted images and high signal intensity on the fat-saturated T2-weighted images. The mass showed intense enhancement on the Gd-DTPA enhanced T1-weighted images. At surgery, a well-defined solid mass was found in the left retroperitoneum. The histological diagnosis was made as solitary fibrous tumor with a predominantly myxoid histology.

  13. Primary Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Thyroid - Report of a Case and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhigang Song, Chunkai Yu, Xin Song, Lixin Wei, Aijun Liu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT is a rare spindle-cell neoplasm, especially in the thyroid. We report a case of primary solitary fibrous tumor of the thyroid gland in a 37 year-old Chinese man. The tumor was characterized by bland-looking spindle cells admixed with thin and thick collagen fibers. On immunohistochemistry study indicated that tumor cells were diffusely positive for CD34, Bcl-2 and CD99, and negative for Desmin, NSE, SMA, S-100, and CD68. The patient remains well 16 months after excision. The morphologic and immunohistochemical features of the thyroid SFTs are similar to their reported counterparts in other anatomic sites.

  14. Exploiting BSA to Inhibit the Fibrous Aggregation of Magnetic Nanoparticles under an Alternating Magnetic Field

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ning Gu

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The alternating magnetic field was discovered to be capable of inducing the fibrous aggregation of magnetic nanoparticles. However, this anisotropic aggregation may be unfavorable for practical applications. Here, we reported that the adsorption of BSA (bovine serum albumin on the surfaces of magnetic nanoparticles can effectively make the fibrous aggregation of ?-Fe2O3 nanoparticles turn into a more isotropic aggregation in the presence of the alternating magnetic field. Also, the heating curves with and without BSA adsorption under different pH conditions were measured to show the influence of the colloidal aggregation states on the collective calorific behavior of magnetic nanoparticles.

  15. Structured multiphase reactors based on fibrous catalysts: nitrite hydrogenation as a case study

    OpenAIRE

    Holler, V; Yuranov, I.; Kiwi-Minsker, L; Renken, A.

    2001-01-01

    A reactor concept designed as a bubble column staged with fibrous catalytic layers is tested on pilot-scale for the redn. of nitrite to N by H. CO2 is used to neutralize the hydroxide ions produced during hydrogenation of nitrite. The effective reaction rate was found to depend on the superficial gas velocity ug0. The fibrous catalysts demonstrated a high selectivity towards nitrogen. The influence of the mass transport on the effective kinetics is discussed and the volumetric liq.-solid mass...

  16. Analytical estimation for static deformation of wire ropes with fibrous core

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, K.; Cochran, J. E., Jr.

    1990-01-01

    This paper develops closed-form solutions for the extension of twisted wire ropes with fibrous cores which are subjected to axial forces as well as axial moments. The analytical results are compared with the corresponding numerical results obtained by Costello and Phillips. A close agreement between the two establishes validity of the analytical solutions. Finally, an expression for the effective rigidity modulus of wire ropes with fibrous core is obtained in terms of the helix angle and the number of helical wires in the rope for each of the two end conditions.

  17. Nitridated fibrous silica (KCC-1) as a sustainable solid base nanocatalyst

    KAUST Repository

    Bouhrara, Mohamed

    2013-09-03

    We observed that support morphology has dramatic effects on the performance of nitridated silica as a base. By simply replacing conventional silica supports (such as SBA-15 and MCM-41) with fibrous nanosilica (KCC-1), we observed multifold enhancement in the catalytic activity of the nitridated solid base for Knoevenagel condensations and transesterification reactions. This enhancement of the activity can be explained by amine accessibility, which is excellent in KCC-1 due to its open and flexible fibrous structure, that facilitates penetration and interaction with basic amine sites. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

  18. An Investigation of the Radiative Heat Transfer through Nonwoven Fibrous Materials

    OpenAIRE

    Imad Qashou; Hooman Vahedi Tafreshi; Behnam Pourdeyhimi

    2009-01-01

    In this study, the surface-to-surface radiation model of the Fluent CFD code is used to investigate the response of a fibrous material to the radiative heat transfer. The unsteady state heat transfer equation is solved for the temperature and heat flux in and around the fibers that constitute a nonwoven fibrous material. For a fixed fiber diameter, it was shown that the higher the fabric’s Solid Volume Fraction (SVF), the slower is the material’s average temperature rise. Our simulation resul...

  19. Improving soil quality with lignitic fibrous xylite; Verbesserung der Bodenqualitaet mit Braunkohlenfaserxylit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strassburger, U.; Naundorf, W.; Schroeder, H.W. [TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Erich-Rammler-Bau, Freiberg (Germany); Biegel, A. [Vattenfall Europe Mining AG, Senftenberg (Germany)

    2004-06-01

    On behalf of Vattenfall Europe Mining AG, the professorship of agglomeration technology and air purification at the Freiberg University of Mining and Technology carried out extensive studies during the last few years in order to examine the suitability of processed, coal-free fibrous xylite as a soil modifier. This article presents partial results. These results were primarily obtained when fibrous xylite was added to: - excavation residue from a lignite open pit mine - sandy soil without humus components (building sand) - limestone soil which accrued during construction work. At the same time, comparison tests were carried out with garden mould and compost soil. (orig.)

  20. Loss of H3K27 trimethylation distinguishes malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors from histologic mimics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaefer, Inga-Marie; Fletcher, Christopher Dm; Hornick, Jason L

    2016-01-01

    The diagnosis of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor is challenging, particularly in the sporadic setting. Inactivation of the polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2), resulting from inactivating mutations of its constituents SUZ12 or EED1, has recently been identified in 70-90% of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors. Homozygous PRC2 inactivation results in loss of histone H3K27 trimethylation (H3K27me3). PRC2 inactivation promotes tumor progression and may render patients sensitive to epigenetic-based targeted therapies. H3K27me3 loss has not yet been validated as a diagnostic marker. We evaluated immunohistochemistry for H3K27me3 in 100 malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (70 sporadic, 10 neurofibromatosis type 1-associated, 10 radiation-associated, 10 epithelioid) and 200 other spindle cell neoplasms representing potential mimics (20 each monophasic synovial sarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, dedifferentiated liposarcoma, malignant solitary fibrous tumor, low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma, cellular schwannoma, spindle cell melanoma, unclassified postradiation sarcoma; 10 each atypical neurofibroma, spindle cell rhabdomyosarcoma, gastrointestinal stromal tumor, fibrosarcomatous dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans). In total, 51 (51%) malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors, including 34 (49%) sporadic, 7 (70%) neurofibromatosis type 1-associated, and 10 (100%) radiation-associated, but no epithelioid malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors, were negative for H3K27me3. An additional 6 (6%) tumors showed heterogeneous H3K27me3 expression. Among the 90 sporadic, neurofibromatosis type 1-associated, and radiation-associated malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors, complete H3K27me3 loss was observed in 29% of low-grade, 59% of intermediate-grade, and 83% of high-grade tumors (low vs intermediate/high grade, P=0.0003). Among other tumor types, 4 (20%) unclassified postradiation sarcomas were negative for H3K27me3, whereas all other neoplasms were positive. Loss of H3K27me3 is highly specific for malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (although only modestly more sensitive than S-100 protein and SOX10) and may be a useful diagnostic marker. Our findings suggest that PRC2 inactivation in malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor may occur during progression to higher grades. PMID:26585554

  1. Antibacterial and anti-adhesion effects of the silver nanoparticles-loaded poly(L-lactide) fibrous membrane

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The complications of tendon injury are frequently compromised by peritendinous adhesions and tendon sheath infection. Physical barriers for anti-adhesion may increase the incidence of postoperative infection. This study was designed to evaluate the potential of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs)-loaded poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) electrospun fibrous membranes to prevent adhesion formation and infection. Results of an in vitro drug release study showed that a burst release was followed by sustained release from electrospun fibrous membranes with a high initial silver content. Fewer fibroblasts adhered to and proliferated on the AgNP-loaded PLLA electrospun fibrous membranes compared with pure PLLA electrospun fibrous membrane. In the antibacterial test, the AgNP-loaded PLLA electrospun fibrous membranes can prevent the adhesion of Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis and Gram-negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Taken together, these results demonstrate that AgNP-loaded PLLA electrospun fibrous membranes have the convenient practical medical potential of reduction of infection and adhesion formation after tendon injury. - Highlights: ? Silver nanoparticles are directly electrospun into PLLA fibrous membrane. ? Long-lasting release of Ag + ions is achieved. ? Cytotoxicity of silver ions benefits the anti-proliferation of physical barriers. ? Broad anti-microbial effect of drug-loaded fibrous membrane is revealed. ? Antibacterial and anti-adhesion effects of the physical barriers are combined

  2. Antibacterial and anti-adhesion effects of the silver nanoparticles-loaded poly(L-lactide) fibrous membrane

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Shen [Department of Orthopaedics, Shanghai Sixth People' s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 600 Yishan Road, Shanghai 200233 (China); Zhao, Jingwen [Orthopedic Institute, Soochow University, 708 Renmin Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215007 (China); School of Biomedical Engineering and Med-X Research Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 1954 Hua Shan Road, Shanghai 200030 (China); Ruan, Hongjiang; Wang, Wei [Department of Orthopaedics, Shanghai Sixth People' s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 600 Yishan Road, Shanghai 200233 (China); Wu, Tianyi [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 2nd Affiliated hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing Medical University, 121 Jiang Jia Yuan, Nanjing 210011 (China); Cui, Wenguo, E-mail: wgcui80@hotmail.com [Orthopedic Institute, Soochow University, 708 Renmin Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215007 (China); School of Biomedical Engineering and Med-X Research Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 1954 Hua Shan Road, Shanghai 200030 (China); Fan, Cunyi, E-mail: fancunyi888@hotmail.com [Department of Orthopaedics, Shanghai Sixth People' s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 600 Yishan Road, Shanghai 200233 (China)

    2013-04-01

    The complications of tendon injury are frequently compromised by peritendinous adhesions and tendon sheath infection. Physical barriers for anti-adhesion may increase the incidence of postoperative infection. This study was designed to evaluate the potential of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs)-loaded poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) electrospun fibrous membranes to prevent adhesion formation and infection. Results of an in vitro drug release study showed that a burst release was followed by sustained release from electrospun fibrous membranes with a high initial silver content. Fewer fibroblasts adhered to and proliferated on the AgNP-loaded PLLA electrospun fibrous membranes compared with pure PLLA electrospun fibrous membrane. In the antibacterial test, the AgNP-loaded PLLA electrospun fibrous membranes can prevent the adhesion of Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis and Gram-negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Taken together, these results demonstrate that AgNP-loaded PLLA electrospun fibrous membranes have the convenient practical medical potential of reduction of infection and adhesion formation after tendon injury. - Highlights: ? Silver nanoparticles are directly electrospun into PLLA fibrous membrane. ? Long-lasting release of Ag + ions is achieved. ? Cytotoxicity of silver ions benefits the anti-proliferation of physical barriers. ? Broad anti-microbial effect of drug-loaded fibrous membrane is revealed. ? Antibacterial and anti-adhesion effects of the physical barriers are combined.

  3. Case report: fibrous dysplasia of the navicular bone treated with excision of navicular and talo-cuneiform arthrodesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siu, W; Ferguson, K B; Kumar, C S; Mahendra, A

    2015-03-01

    Fibrous dysplasia is an uncommon beningn disorder of bone. It usually affects the long bones, and is uncommon in the navicular. We describe a case of fibrous dysplasia of the navicular successfully treated with navicular excision and talo-cuneiform arthrodesis. PMID:25542678

  4. Computed tomography and malignant mesothelioma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Computed tomography (CT) is beneficial in evaluating patients with malignant mesothelioma whether of pleural or peritoneal origin. Before the advent of CT, chest radiography with tomograms and barium-contrast examinations were the prime methods in evaluation of patients with malignant mesothelioma. Computed tomography cannot replace the standard chest x-ray as a screening device but does have a definite role in evaluation of abnormalities detected on the chest x-ray in patients with asbestos exposure. Possibly the prime importance of CTs is in defining the extent of disease and evaluation of the response of the patient to therapy

  5. Malignant diseases as suicidal motives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogdanovi? Ljiljana

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Suicide is a conscious and intentional destruction of one’s own life, which occurs as a result of mutual influence of a person’s disposition and motives (facts inspiring the commitment of suicide. It is well known that various diseases, including malignancies, could be important and in some cases the only motive for committing suicide. Objective The purpose of the study was to analyze in detail suicides of persons whose only motive was an established malignant disease. Method The analysis was performed using the autopsy material of the Institute of Forensic Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, during the period from 1990 to 2004. The reports on performed medico-legal autopsies were used, as well as history data obtained from the family members of suicidal persons, investigation reports and the available medical documents. Results In 1931 cases there was established suicidal nature of a violent death. Neoplasms were the suicidal motive in 37 persons (1.9%. The basic characteristics of the analyzed sample were predominance of males (26:11, ratio 2.4:1, the age of over 70 years and the highest incidence of malignant lung and breast tumors. Almost all cases were the persons who underwent treatment for malignant neoplasms over a longer period of time. During 19 autopsies (51.3% out of 37, a progressive phase of malignancy was established, i.e. metastases. The data on prior oral announcement of suicide intention were obtained for 70.3% (26 cases, and on previous suicidal attempts only for 13.5% (5 cases. In the majority of cases (78.4% the place of committed suicide was the person’s home. In 16 cases (43.2% the suicide was committed with a firearm. Hanging as a manner of destroying one’s own life was chosen by 12 persons (32.4%, while other ways were less frequently used. Conclusion Although malignancies were not present with high incidence as a suicidal motive in our analyzed sample, such cases require particular care of health workers in order to enable the application of adequate measures in the prevention of suicides in persons with malignant diseases. The suicide analyses performed so far indicated that a malignant disease was the motive. Doctors have to show maximal interest for the patient. Prevention is crucial, so the patient should be provided with such surroundings in which the person will not feel alone and abandoned.

  6. Surgically cured hypoglycemia secondary to pleural solitary fibrous tumour: case report and update review on the Doege-Potter syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalebi Ahmed Y

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The association of paraneoplastic hypoglycemia [Doege-Potter syndrome] and finger clubbing [Pierre-Marie-Bamberg syndrome] with pleural solitary fibrous tumour is rare. We present a previously unpublished but typical example of this rare occurrence together with a detailed updated literature review of previously published cases of pleural SFT discussing the histopathology of SFT; pathophysiology of the hypoglycemia and finger clubbing; treatment and outcome of pleural SFT. The patient, a 57-year-old African male was admitted at our hospital with recurrent episodes of hypoglycemia. He was found to have digital clubbing and decreased breath sounds in the right lower chest but no other significant clinical findings. His insulin level measured during an episode of hypoglycemia was undetectable. Chest radiograph and CT-scan revealed a lobulated mass in the right chest which was diagnosed to be SFT on histology. Surgical excision of the mass resulted in cure of the hypoglycemic episodes and rapid regression of the clubbing. Less than 65 cases of pleural SFT manifesting with hypoglycemia with or without finger-clubbing have been published in the English literature. The mean diameter of these tumours manifesting with hypoglycemia is 20 cm, 54% being benign while 42% were malignant. They predominantly present in the 6th-8th decade, average age of 64 years and a slight male preponderance at 58%. Complete surgical resection remains the most important predictor of clinical outcome in terms of recurrence and metastases, while providing instant cure for the hypoglycemia and rapid resolution of the finger clubbing.

  7. Solitary Fibrous Tumors of the Pleura of the Thorax: CT and FDG PET Characteristics in a Tertiary Referral Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeom, Yoo Kyung; Kim, Mi Young; Lee, Hyun Joo; Kim, Sung-Soo

    2015-09-01

    This study was conducted to describe the characteristics of a solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura (SFTP) on chest CT, and FDG PET. Furthermore, we analyze the prognosis of SFTP using large data confirmed in a tertiary referral hospital. From January 1997 to March 2012, 41 patients (21 males and 20 females; median age: 59 yr; age range: 27-85 yr) who were pathologically diagnosed with SFTP were consecutively examined. The CT findings, including the size, shape, homogeneity, and anatomic location (chest wall, intrapulmonary/fissure space, diaphragm, and mediastinum) of the SFTP, the F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET) findings, and the histopathology findings were evaluated. Most of the patients had a mass-type (70.7%), oval/elliptical (80.5%), and homogeneous (70.7%) SFTP with a median diameter of 6.0?cm (range: 1-17). The most common anatomic location was the chest wall (43.9%), followed by the intrapulmonary/fissure space (22.0%), diaphragm (22.0%), and mediastinum (12.3%). For all the 9 patients, the mean maxSUV was 2.9 (SD?=?1.16; range: 1.2-4.9) on FDG PET. The malignant SFTP (median: 3.6, range: 2.5-4.9) showed more hypermetabolic than benign SFTP (median: 2.0, range: 1.2-3.1) (P?=?0.049). Through familiarity with the various features of the SFTP with regard to its size and location on the preoperative CT and FDG PET, we can add this rare pleural neoplasm to the differential diagnosis of other more common conditions. Moreover, an appropriate treatment choice can be made. PMID:26402813

  8. Analysis of MRI appearance of aggressive soft tissue tumor in hip joint region: compared with pathology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To analyze the MRI appearance of soft tissue tumor in hip joint region, and compare it with pathological features. Methods: MR appearance of 19 soft tissue tumor in hip joint region were retrospectively analyzed, including 12 male and 7 female, 45.2 years averaged. All patients had taken common MR scanning and Gd-DTPA contrast scanning. Results: There was 5 aggressive fibromatosis, 5 malignant fibrous histiocytoma, 2 synovial sarcoma, 4 liposarcoma, 1 lymphoma, 1 primitive neuroectodermal tumor and 1 metastatic tumor. Of 19 cases, 13 with hemorrhage and necrosis, 14 with peripheral edema, nerve and vessel involved in 11. Aggressive fibromatosis appeared as isointensity or hypointensity on T1WI, and moderate hyperintensity on T2WI with low signal inside. Malignant tumor were mostly ill-defined. After contrast scanning, tumors enhanced apparently. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma showed isointensity and heter-hypointensity on T1WI, and heter-hypointensity on T2WI. Necrosis and hemorrhage occurred. All cases showed strong enhancement, except for the areas of necrosis. Edema around tumor can be seen in most cases. Conclusion: MRI can demonstrate the from and internal and peripheral structure of soft tissue tumor in hip joint region, and can contribute to the diagnosis before operation. (authors)

  9. Cutaneous manifestations of internal malignancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Ayyamperumal

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Many malignancies affecting the internal organs display cutaneous manifestations which may be either specific (tumor metastases or nonspecific lesions. Aims: The study is aimed at determining the frequency and significance of cutaneous manifestations among patients with internal malignancy. Materials and Methods: 750 cases of proven internal malignancy, who attended a cancer chemotherapy center in South India, were studied. Specific infiltrates were confirmed by histopathology, fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC and marker studies. Results: Out of the 750 patients with internal malignancy, skin changes were seen in a total of 52 (6.93% patients. Conclusion: Cutaneous metastases (specific lesions were seen in 20 patients (2.66%: contiguous in 6 (0.8%, and non-contiguous in 14 (1.86%. Nonspecific skin changes were seen in 32 patients (4.26%. None of our patients presented with more than one type of skin lesions. Herpes zoster was the most common nonspecific lesion noticed in our patients, followed by generalized pruritus, multiple eruptive seborrheic keratoses, bullous disorder, erythroderma, flushing, purpura, pyoderma gangrenosum, insect bite allergy and lichenoid dermatitis.

  10. The Origin of Malignant Malaria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plasmodium falciparum is the causative agent of malignant malaria, which is among the most severe human infectious diseases. Despite its overwhelming significance to human health, the parasite’s origins remain unclear. The favored origin hypothesis holds that P. falciparum and its closest known rel...

  11. Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome: A Review

    OpenAIRE

    O'Brien, Richard A.; Young, G Bryan

    1989-01-01

    There has recently been interest in neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) as the disorder has been better characterized. Nms is still poorly recognized, however, by most physicians. Hyperpyrexia, rigidity, altered consciousness, autonomic instability, and enzymatic evidence of muscle breakdown after drug intake are the cardinal features. The authors of this article review the proposed pathogenesis, complications, and treatment of NMS.

  12. Haematological malignancy in the adult

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The emphasis in this chapter has been placed on those aspects of treatment of the following haematological malignancies of particular relevance to the radiotherapist: acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute non-lymphocytic leukemia, chronic granulocytic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia extramedullary leukemic deposits, granulocytic sarcoma, polycythaemia rubra vera, myelofibrosis, multiple myeloma, solitary plasmacytoma. (U.K.)

  13. Malignant nodular hidradenoma of scalp

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanmoy Maiti

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Malignant nodular hidradenoma (MNH is a rare tumor of sweat gland known by many names in the literature. Scalp is a known and yet uncommon site of occurrence. We describe two patients with scalp MNH with brain parenchymal invasion. Both tumors recurred in spite of total excision and radiotherapy.

  14. CT triage for lung malignancy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kusk, Martin; Karstoft, Jens; Mussmann, Bo

    2015-01-01

    assess detection performance using only coronal multiplanar reformations (MPR) when triaging patients for lung malignancies with CT compared to images in three orthogonal planes, and to evaluate performance comparison of novice and experienced readers. Material and Methods: Retrospective study of 63...

  15. MALIGNANCY IN LARGE COLORECTAL LESIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo Oliveira dos SANTOS

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Context The size of colorectal lesions, besides a risk factor for malignancy, is a predictor for deeper invasion Objectives To evaluate the malignancy of colorectal lesions ?20 mm. Methods Between 2007 and 2011, 76 neoplasms ?20 mm in 70 patients were analyzed Results The mean age of the patients was 67.4 years, and 41 were women. Mean lesion size was 24.7 mm ± 6.2 mm (range: 20 to 50 mm. Half of the neoplasms were polypoid and the other half were non-polypoid. Forty-two (55.3% lesions were located in the left colon, and 34 in the right colon. There was a high prevalence of III L (39.5% and IV (53.9% pit patterns. There were 72 adenomas and 4 adenocarcinomas. Malignancy was observed in 5.3% of the lesions. Thirty-three lesions presented advanced histology (adenomas with high-grade dysplasia or early adenocarcinoma, with no difference in morphology and site. Only one lesion (1.3% invaded the submucosa. Lesions larger than 30 mm had advanced histology (P = 0.001. The primary treatment was endoscopic resection, and invasive carcinoma was referred to surgery. Recurrence rate was 10.6%. Conclusions Large colorectal neoplasms showed a low rate of malignancy. Endoscopic treatment is an effective therapy for these lesions.

  16. Electro spun Polyamide 4.6 Nano fibrous Nonwoven: Parameter Study and Characterization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aliphatic polyamide 4.6 (PA 4.6) has unique properties compared to the commonly used polyamides 6 (PA 6) and 6.6 (PA 6.6). The purpose of this paper is to produce uniform and reproducible nano fibrous PA 4.6 structures. Therefore, a mixture of the solvent formic acid and the non solvent acetic acid is used to dissolve and electro spin the PA 4.6. First the steady-state behaviour of the process and the boundary limits of the solution parameters needed for steady-state electro spinning are investigated. Subsequently, the effect of several solution and process parameters on the fibre morphology is examined, using microscopic techniques and thermal analysis. The polyamide concentration is found to be the dominant parameter affecting the fibre diameter and morphology. Furthermore, tensile tests are performed on up scaled nano fibrous structures and electro spun under optimised steady-state conditions. It is shown that the PA 4.6 nano fibrous structures, compared to nano fibrous nonwoven s of PA 6 and PA 6.6, have a higher stress and strain at break.

  17. Three dimensional web-like fibrous CuInS2 film

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Electrospun nanofibers were used to construct a 3D CuInS2 solar cell with enhanced surface area. • SEM images showed the 3D web-like, fibrous structure of the film. • The surface area had nearly doubled after incorporating the 3D nanostructure. - Abstract: To ensure effective collection of photo-generated minority electrons in a CuInS2 thin film solar cell, a three-dimensional nanostructure was constructed by electrospinning a copper-indium solution precursor onto a molybdenum substrate. The electrospun nanofibers adhered onto the underlying layers before undergoing sulfurization at 500 °C to produce a three-dimensional web-like fibrous CuInS2 film. This fibrous film was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and Auger electron spectroscopy, thereby characterizing the 3D fibrous nanostructure of the CuInS2 film. This 3D structure could lead to next-generation solar cells optimized for maximal charge separation to enhance photovoltaic efficiency of solution-processed thin film solar cells

  18. The internal microstructure and fibrous mineralogy of fly ash from coal-burning power stations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, Patrick, E-mail: brownpd@cf.ac.uk [School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Cardiff University, Park Place, CF10 3YE Cardiff (United Kingdom); School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, Museum Avenue, CF10 3US Cardiff (United Kingdom); Jones, Tim, E-mail: jonestp@cf.ac.uk [School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Cardiff University, Park Place, CF10 3YE Cardiff (United Kingdom); BeruBe, Kelly, E-mail: berube@cf.ac.uk [School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, Museum Avenue, CF10 3US Cardiff (United Kingdom)

    2011-12-15

    Coal fly ash (CFA) is a significant environmental pollutant that presents a respiratory hazard when airborne. Although previous studies have identified the mineral components of CFA, there is a paucity of information on the structural habits of these minerals. Samples from UK, Polish and Chinese power stations were studied to further our understanding of the factors that affect CFA geochemistry and mineralogy. ICP-MS, FE-SEM/EDX, XRD, and laser diffraction were used to study physicochemical characteristics. Analysis revealed important differences in the elemental compositions and particle size distributions of samples between sites. Microscopy of HF acid-etched CFA revealed the mullite present possesses a fibrous habit; fibres ranged in length between 1 and 10 {mu}m. Respirable particles (<10 {mu}m) were frequently observed to contain fibrous mullite. We propose that the biopersistence of these refractory fibres in the lung environment could be contributing towards chronic lung diseases seen in communities and individuals continually exposed to high levels of CFA. - Highlights: > Chinese CFA had a greater crystalline mineral content and smaller particle size. > Mullite and quartz, two hazardous minerals, recrystallise from glass melt particles. > Mullite revealed a fibrous habit, with fibres 1-10 {mu}m in length and 0.5-1 {mu}m in width. - Chinese CFA possessed a greater crystalline mineral content and smaller particle size than UK and Polish CFA, the fibrous mullite prhiesent displayed a high aspect-ratio and thus is likely to be a respiratory hazard in vivo.

  19. The internal microstructure and fibrous mineralogy of fly ash from coal-burning power stations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Coal fly ash (CFA) is a significant environmental pollutant that presents a respiratory hazard when airborne. Although previous studies have identified the mineral components of CFA, there is a paucity of information on the structural habits of these minerals. Samples from UK, Polish and Chinese power stations were studied to further our understanding of the factors that affect CFA geochemistry and mineralogy. ICP-MS, FE-SEM/EDX, XRD, and laser diffraction were used to study physicochemical characteristics. Analysis revealed important differences in the elemental compositions and particle size distributions of samples between sites. Microscopy of HF acid-etched CFA revealed the mullite present possesses a fibrous habit; fibres ranged in length between 1 and 10 ?m. Respirable particles (<10 ?m) were frequently observed to contain fibrous mullite. We propose that the biopersistence of these refractory fibres in the lung environment could be contributing towards chronic lung diseases seen in communities and individuals continually exposed to high levels of CFA. - Highlights: ? Chinese CFA had a greater crystalline mineral content and smaller particle size. ? Mullite and quartz, two hazardous minerals, recrystallise from glass melt particles. ? Mullite revealed a fibrous habit, with fibres 1-10 ?m in length and 0.5-1 ?m in width. - Chinese CFA possessed a greater crystalline mineral content and smaller particle size than UK and Polish CFA, the fibrous mullite prhiesent displayed a high aspect-ratio and thus is likely to be a respiratory hazard in vivo.

  20. Non-contact ultrasonic technique for rapid and advanced analysis of fibrous materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Periyaswamy, T.; Lerch, T. P.; Balasubramanian, K.

    2012-05-01

    Fibrous ensembles are, typically, multi-scale flexible assemblies with unique physical and rheological properties, unlike continuum materials. Macroscopic behaviors of these materials are greatly the result of non-linear interactions at the micro levels. These micro-scale interactions can be assessed by capturing the material behavior under low mechanical stress conditions. While ultrasonic based non-destructive testing was suitably implemented for continuum materials, their application to fibrous structures was limited primarily due to the inherent structural arrangements of these unique assemblies. Discontinuities, non-uniform orientations and multi-phase components make these ensembles difficult to study using the existing scan-based methods. This work presents a novel rapid and advanced analysis tool for complex fibrous systems using a noncontact air-coupled ultrasonic system. Five characteristic features of ultrasound signals transmitted through fibrous structures were studied, i.e., dampness in signal flight, signal velocity, power spectral density, signal power and rate of amplitude attenuation. Analysis of these features under two different acoustic frequencies, 500 kHz and 1 MHz, allowed us to study the componentized behavior of these materials for three of the key mechanical properties including bending rigidity, shear rigidity and low stress tensile stress. A material response index (MRI) was also derived using the signal features.

  1. Dissolving behavior and calcium release from fibrous wollastonite in acetic acid solution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ptacek, Petr, E-mail: ptacek@fch.vutbr.cz [Institute of Materials Science, Faculty of Chemistry, Brno University of Technology, Purkynova 464/118, Brno CZ-621 00 (Czech Republic); Noskova, Magdalena; Brandstetr, Jiri; Soukal, Frantisek; Opravil, Tomas [Institute of Materials Science, Faculty of Chemistry, Brno University of Technology, Purkynova 464/118, Brno CZ-621 00 (Czech Republic)

    2010-01-20

    The degradability of fibrous wollastonite (CaSiO{sub 3}) in an aqueous solution of acetic acid and leaching of Ca{sup 2+} ions were investigated in the temperature range from 22 to 50 {sup o}C. The Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES) was used for the assessment of calcium and other selected cations in the leaching medium. The amount of calcium in the solvent can be significantly enhanced through leaching at higher temperature. Fibrous silica particles are the main by-product of the leaching process. The properties of by-product were examined by thermal analysis (simultaneous TG-DTA-EGA), infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The formation of silica layer on the surface of fibrous wollastonite particles is an important factor in the leaching process. Particles were covered by the silica layer and wollastonite core size was continually decreasing during leaching. The shape of resulting silica particles shows no significant changes during this process. Specific surface of the formed fibrous silica particles strongly depends on the leaching temperature.

  2. Dissolving behavior and calcium release from fibrous wollastonite in acetic acid solution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The degradability of fibrous wollastonite (CaSiO3) in an aqueous solution of acetic acid and leaching of Ca2+ ions were investigated in the temperature range from 22 to 50 oC. The Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES) was used for the assessment of calcium and other selected cations in the leaching medium. The amount of calcium in the solvent can be significantly enhanced through leaching at higher temperature. Fibrous silica particles are the main by-product of the leaching process. The properties of by-product were examined by thermal analysis (simultaneous TG-DTA-EGA), infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The formation of silica layer on the surface of fibrous wollastonite particles is an important factor in the leaching process. Particles were covered by the silica layer and wollastonite core size was continually decreasing during leaching. The shape of resulting silica particles shows no significant changes during this process. Specific surface of the formed fibrous silica particles strongly depends on the leaching temperature.

  3. Sorption isolation and separation of platinum metals on complexing fibrous materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Methods of concentration and separation of platinum metals with an application of complexing sorbents with a fibrous structure are considered in the paper of a review character. Emphasis is paid to the establishment of the character of coordination compounds in a sorbent phase

  4. THE INFLUENCE OF BASALT FIBERS ON STRENGTH OF FINE-GRAINED FIBROUS CONCRETE / ??????? ??????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ?????????????? ????????????

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perfilov Vladimir Aleksandrovich / ???????? ???????? ?????????????

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The authors present the results of experimental studies on the determination of the number of basalt fibers with the length of 12 mm and the diameter of 10 ?m to obtain fine-grained fibrous concrete with maximum strength in bending and compression / ???????????? ?????????? ????????????????? ???????????? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ??????? ?????? 12 ?? ? ????????? 10 ??? ??? ????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ? ???????????? ?????????? ?? ????? ? ??????

  5. 3D multi-layered fibrous cellulose structure using an electrohydrodynamic process for tissue engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Minseong; Kim, GeunHyung

    2015-11-01

    Micro/nanofibrous structures have been applied widely in various tissue-engineering applications because the topological structures are similar to the extracellular matrix (ECM), which encourages a high degree of cell adhesion and growth. However, it has been difficult to produce a three-dimensional (3D) fibrous structure using controllable macro-pores. Recently, cellulose has been considered a high-potential natural-origin biomaterial, but its use in 3D biomedical structures has been limited due to its narrow processing window. Here, we suggest a new 3D cellulose scaffold consisting of multi-layered struts made of submicron-sized entangled fibers that were fabricated using an electrohydrodynamic direct jet (EHDJ) process that is spin-printing. By optimizing processing conditions (electric field strength, cellulose feeding rate, and distance between nozzle and target), we can achieve a multi-layered cellulose structure consisting of the cylindrically entangled cellulose fibers. To compare the properties of the fabricated 3D cellulose structure, we used a PCL fibrous scaffold, which has a similar fibrous morphology and pore geometry, as a control. The physical and in vitro biocompatibilities of both fibrous scaffolds were assessed using human dermal fibroblasts, and the cellulose structure showed higher cell adhesion and metabolic activities compared with the control. These results suggest the EHDJ process to be an effective fabricating tool for tissue engineering and the cellulose scaffold has high potential as a tissue regenerative material. PMID:26164251

  6. Inhibition of fibrous adhesion formation in the temporomandibular joint of tenascin-C knockout mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Shinohara

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Tenascin-C (TNC is a large hexameric extracellular matrix glycoprotein that is expressed in developing organs and tumors. It has been reported that TNC is expressed in inflamed synovial membranes and deformed discs of temporomandibular joint (TMJ disorder. However, the role of TNC in TMJ is not fully known. In this study, the role of TNC in fibrous adhesion formation of TMJ was examined using TNC knockout (TNCKO mice. Hypermobility was produced by excessive mouth opening method on the TMJ of both wild-type (WT and TNCKO mice. TMJ wound healing was compared histologically, and the expression of TNC, fibronectin (FN and ?-smooth muscle actin (?-SMA in the wounded TMJ was examined by immunohistochemical and immunoblot analyses. Based on histologic analysis, fibrous adhesions were observed in the TMJ of both TNCKO and wild-type (WT mice after excessive mouth opening. However, fibrous adhesion formation in TNCKO mice occurred later than in WT mice. TNC was expressed in the wounded TMJ disc and mandibular fossa. Although FN and ?-SMA expression in the TMJ of TNCKO and WT mice was up-regulated after excessive mouth opening, FN and ?-SMA protein levels were higher in WT mice at the same time points. In the wounded TMJ, TNC appears to enhance the expression of FN and ?-SMA, and a lack of TNC may reduce fibrous adhesion formation in the TMJ. TNC plays an important role in TMJ wound healing, especially for wounds generated by mechanical stress.

  7. Experimental and theoretical studies on high-temperature thermal properties of fibrous insulation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the present paper, an experimental apparatus has been developed to measure heat transfer through high-alumina fibrous insulation for thermal protection system. Effective thermal conductivities of the fibrous insulation were measured over a wide range of temperature (300-973 K) and pressure (10-2-105 Pa) using the developed apparatus. The specific heat and the transmittance spectra in the wavelength range of 2.5-25 ?m were also measured. The spectral extinction coefficients and Rosseland mean extinction coefficients were obtained from transmittance data at various temperatures to investigate the radiative heat transfer in fibrous insulation. A one-dimensional finite volume numerical model combined radiation and conduction heat transfer was developed to predict the behavior of the effective thermal conductivity of the fibrous insulation at various temperatures and pressures. The two-flux approximation was used to model the radiation heat transfer through the insulation. The experimentally measured specific heat and Rosseland mean extinction coefficients were used in the numerical heat transfer model to calculate the effective thermal conductivity. The average deviation between the numerical results for different values of albedo of scattering and the experimental results was investigated. The numerical results for ?=1 and experimental data were compared. It was found that the calculated values corresponded with the experimental values within an average of 13.5 percent. Numerical results were consistent with experimental results through the environmental conditions under examination

  8. Flight Performance of an Advanced Thermal Protection Material: Toughened Uni-Piece Fibrous Insulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leiser, Daniel B.; Gordon, Michael P.; Rasky, Daniel J. (Technical Monitor)

    1995-01-01

    The flight performance of a new class of low density, high temperature thermal protection materials (TPM) is described and compared to "standard" Space Shuttle TPM. This new functionally gradient material designated as Toughened Uni-Piece Fibrous Insulation (TUFI), was bonded on a removable panel attached to the base heat shield of Orbiter 105, Endeavour.

  9. Radiation Engineering in the Polymerization of Monomers in Fibrous Materials: Radioisotopes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The choice of radiation source and plant design for polymerizing monomers in fibrous materials has been studied. A comparison is made with medical product sterilization to provide useful insight and perspective. Alternative features of irradiation plant design are considered and some general conclusions drawn. (author)

  10. Effects of Milling on the Fibrous Structure and Mechanical Behaviors of a Collagen Material--Leather

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leather, a fibrous collagen material, is a high value coproduct of the meat industry. Milling is being practiced in the tannery to mechanically tumble and therefore soften leather for adequate stiffness and feel. However, there is no report regarding its effects on the structure change and physica...

  11. Towards high performance and multi-functional structural membranes using advanced fibrous and textile materials

    OpenAIRE

    Fangueiro, Raúl, ed. lit.; Rana, Sohel

    2015-01-01

    Scientific and technological advancements in the area of fibrous and textile materials have greatly enhanced their application potential in several high-end technical and industrial sectors including construction, transportation, medical, sports, aerospace engineering, electronics and so on. Excellent performance accompanied by light-weight, mechanical flexibility, tailor-ability, design flexibility, easy fabrication and relatively lower cost are the driving force...

  12. Radiodermatitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Forty-three cases of acute and chronic radiodermatitis, which occurred in the Department of Dermatology, Miyazaki Medical College between November 1977 and April 1985 were studied. Fifteen were acute and 28 were chronic. All of the original conditions treated presenting acute radiodermatitis were malignancies. Among 28 with chronic radiodermatitis, 17 had been given radiotherapy for benign conditions and 7 cases for malignant lesions. The remaining 4 were of occupational origin. Of the 28 cases with chronic radiodermatitis, histological examination was performed on 23 cases. Chronic radiodermatitis showed the following histological findings ; mild atypia in 9 (all poikilodermatous lesions showed at least mild atypia), intra-epidermal carcinoma in 6, squamous cell carcinoma in 7 and sarcoma (malignant fibrous histiocytoma) in 1. The keratotic lesions of radiodermatitis of the hands and feet tended to malignant, as compared to lesions in other areas. (author)

  13. Radiation Therapy With or Without Combination Chemotherapy or Pazopanib Hydrochloride Before Surgery in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Non-Rhabdomyosarcoma Soft Tissue Sarcomas That Can Be Removed by Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-09

    Adult Fibrosarcoma; Alveolar Soft Part Sarcoma; Angiomatoid Fibrous Histiocytoma; Atypical Fibroxanthoma; Clear Cell Sarcoma of Soft Tissue; Epithelioid Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor; Epithelioid Sarcoma; Extraskeletal Myxoid Chondrosarcoma; Extraskeletal Osteosarcoma; Fibrohistiocytic Neoplasm; Glomus Tumor of the Skin; Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor; Intimal Sarcoma; Leiomyosarcoma; Liposarcoma; Low Grade Fibromyxoid Sarcoma; Low Grade Myofibroblastic Sarcoma; Malignant Cutaneous Granular Cell Tumor; Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor; Malignant Triton Tumor; Mesenchymal Chondrosarcoma; Myxofibrosarcoma; Myxoid Chondrosarcoma; Myxoinflammatory Fibroblastic Sarcoma; Nerve Sheath Neoplasm; PEComa; Pericytic Neoplasm; Plexiform Fibrohistiocytic Tumor; Sclerosing Epithelioid Fibrosarcoma; Stage IB Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Stage IIB Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Stage III Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Stage IV Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Synovial Sarcoma; Undifferentiated (Embryonal) Sarcoma; Undifferentiated High Grade Pleomorphic Sarcoma of Bone

  14. Treatment Option Overview (Ovarian Low Malignant Potential Tumors)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Peritoneal Cancer Screening Research Ovarian Low Malignant Potential Tumors Treatment (PDQ®) General Information About Ovarian Low Malignant Potential Tumors Key Points Ovarian low malignant potential tumor is ...

  15. Osteoarthritis of the hip in fibrous dysplasia of the proximal femur.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, H-S; Im, S B; Han, I

    2015-07-01

    Deformity of the proximal femur in fibrous dysplasia leads to deviation of the mechanical axis of the hip, which may lead to the development of secondary osteoarthritis (OA). This study investigated the prevalence and predisposing factors for the development of OA in patients with fibrous dysplasia of the proximal femur. We reviewed the records of 209 patients from our institutional database with fibrous dysplasia of the proximal femur, investigating possible predisposing factors including patient demographics, the extent of the coxa vara deformity, the presence of peri-articular disease, and the overall burden of skeletal disease. Of the 209 patients, 24 (12%) had radiological evidence of OA in the ipsilateral hip. The prevalence was significantly higher in patients with polyostotic fibrous dysplasia compared with those with monostotic disease (p < 0.001). In a subgroup analysis of patients with polyostotic disease, the extent of deformity (quantified using the neck-shaft angle), and the presence of peri-articular disease (whether in the head of the femur or the acetabulum) were significant predictors of osteoarthritis (neck-shaft angle likelihood ratio (LR) = 0.847 per 1° increase, p = 0.004; presence of lesion in the head of the femur LR = 9.947, p = 0.027; presence of lesion in the acetabulum LR = 11.231, p = 0.014). Our data suggest that patients with polyostotic fibrous dysplasia have a high risk of developing secondary OA of the hips. This risk is higher in patients with peri-articular disease, and those with a more severe deformity of proximal femur. PMID:26130361

  16. Electrochemical characterization of electrospun nanocomposite polymer blend electrolyte fibrous membrane for lithium battery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padmaraj, O; Rao, B Nageswara; Venkateswarlu, M; Satyanarayana, N

    2015-04-23

    Novel hybrid (organic/inorganic) electrospun nanocomposite polymer blend electrolyte fibrous membranes with the composition poly(vinylidene difluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) [P(VdF-co-HFP)]/poly(methyl methacrylate) [P(MMA)]/magnesium aluminate (MgAl2O4)/LiPF6 were prepared by the electrospinning technique. All of the prepared electrospun P(VdF-co-HFP), PMMA blend [90% P(VdF-co-HFP)/10% PMMA], and nanocomposite polymer blend [90% P(VdF-co-HFP)/10% PMMA/x wt % MgAl2O4 (x = 2, 4, 6, and 8)] fibrous membranes were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and scanning electron microscopy. The fibrous nanocomposite separator-cum-polymer blend electrolyte membranes were obtained by soaking the nanocomposite polymer blend membranes in an electrolyte solution containing 1 M LiPF6 in ethylene carbonate (EC)/diethyl carbonate (DEC) (1:1, v/v). The newly developed fibrous nanocomposite polymer blend electrolyte [90% P(VdF-co-HFP)/10% PMMA/6 wt % MgAl2O4/LiPF6] membrane showed a low crystallinity, low average fiber diameter, high thermal stability, high electrolyte uptake, high conductivity (2.60 × 10(-3) S cm(-1)) at room temperature, and good potential stability above 4.5 V. The best properties of the fibrous nanocomposite polymer blend electrolyte (NCPBE) membrane with a 6 wt % MgAl2O4 filler content was used for the fabrication of a Li/NCPBE/LiCoO2 CR 2032 coin cell. The electrochemical performance of the fabricated CR 2032 cell was evaluated at a current density of 0.1 C-rate. The fabricated CR 2032 cell lithium battery using the newly developed NCPBE membrane delivered an initial discharge capacity of 166 mAh g(-1) and a stable cycle performance. PMID:25867205

  17. Fourth ventricular solitary fibrous tumor: a case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Congli

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Solitary fibrous tumors of the central nervous system usually present as dura-based masses and clinically resemble meningiomas. There are very few reported cases of intra-ventricular solitary fibrous tumors, particularly in the fourth ventricle. Case presentation Our patient was a 52-year-old African-American man, who presented to our facility with a two-month history of progressive weakness and numbness in all extremities. A computed tomography scan and brain magnetic resonance imaging scan revealed a homogeneous, avidly enhancing 4.5 × 3.7 × 2.7cm fourth ventricular mass, with compression of adjacent medulla and cerebellum and extension into the foramen of Luschka. Our patient underwent a suboccipital craniotomy and resection of the tumor. A histological examination showed a spindle cell neoplasm with prominent collagenized stroma. The neoplastic cells were strongly and diffusely positive for CD34, vimentin and Bcl-2, and negative for S-100, CD99 and epithelial membrane antigen. The molecular immunology Borstel-1 (MIB-1 proliferation index was low (1%. CD31 immunostain highlighted the endothelial cells but the spindle cells were negative. Reticulin stain demonstrated a moderate reticulin network but individual cells were not invested by reticulin fibers. The histological features and immunoprofile was consistent with a solitary fibrous tumor. Conclusions In the central nervous system, solitary fibrous tumors are usually indolent tumors, with only rare examples showing hypercellularity and increased mitotic activity; features that were absent in our patient’s case. We present an uncommon central nervous system neoplasm in a rare location. Although uncommon, solitary fibrous tumors should be included in the differential diagnosis of intra-ventricular tumors in adults.

  18. Combined Heat Transfer in High-Porosity High-Temperature Fibrous Insulations: Theory and Experimental Validation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daryabeigi, Kamran; Cunnington, George R.; Miller, Steve D.; Knutson, Jeffry R.

    2010-01-01

    Combined radiation and conduction heat transfer through various high-temperature, high-porosity, unbonded (loose) fibrous insulations was modeled based on first principles. The diffusion approximation was used for modeling the radiation component of heat transfer in the optically thick insulations. The relevant parameters needed for the heat transfer model were derived from experimental data. Semi-empirical formulations were used to model the solid conduction contribution of heat transfer in fibrous insulations with the relevant parameters inferred from thermal conductivity measurements at cryogenic temperatures in a vacuum. The specific extinction coefficient for radiation heat transfer was obtained from high-temperature steady-state thermal measurements with large temperature gradients maintained across the sample thickness in a vacuum. Standard gas conduction modeling was used in the heat transfer formulation. This heat transfer modeling methodology was applied to silica, two types of alumina, and a zirconia-based fibrous insulation, and to a variation of opacified fibrous insulation (OFI). OFI is a class of insulations manufactured by embedding efficient ceramic opacifiers in various unbonded fibrous insulations to significantly attenuate the radiation component of heat transfer. The heat transfer modeling methodology was validated by comparison with more rigorous analytical solutions and with standard thermal conductivity measurements. The validated heat transfer model is applicable to various densities of these high-porosity insulations as long as the fiber properties are the same (index of refraction, size distribution, orientation, and length). Furthermore, the heat transfer data for these insulations can be obtained at any static pressure in any working gas environment without the need to perform tests in various gases at various pressures.

  19. Do We Know What Causes Malignant Mesothelioma?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Next Topic Can malignant mesothelioma be prevented? Do we know what causes malignant mesothelioma? Researchers have found ... genes – the instructions for how our cells function. We usually look like our parents because they are ...

  20. MALIGNANT GROWTH MAXILLA MANAGEMENT AN ANALYSIS

    OpenAIRE

    Balasubramanian Thiagarajan; Geetha Ramamoorthy

    2013-01-01

    Malignant tumors involving maxilla is rather rare. This comprises about 1% of all malignant tumors seen in humans. This tumor constitutes roughly 3% of all head and neck malignancies. This article discusses our experience in managing patients with malignant tumors of maxilla. All our patients underwent total maxillectomy followed by post operative irradiation. Mean survival rates of our patients ranged from 2.5 years to 3 years. Survival rates were also dependent on the histology of the tumor...

  1. New MRI techniques for staging malignant lymphoma

    OpenAIRE

    T. C. Kwee

    2011-01-01

    Malignant lymphomas are a heterogenous group of malignancies, belonging to the ten most frequent types of cancers worldwide. Once a malignant lymphoma has been diagnosed, it is important to assess disease extent (staging), because this has prognostic and therapeutic implications. Computed tomography (CT) and 18F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET)/CT are commonly used imaging methods for the staging of malignant lymphoma. An important disadvantage of CT and FDG-PET/CT...

  2. Malignant pulmonary tumors in children; Maligne Lungentumoren im Kindesalter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Balassy, C.; Kulemann, V.; Hoermann, M. [Allgemeines Krankenhaus Wien, Abteilung fuer Allgemeine Radiologie und Kinderradiologie, Wien (Austria)

    2008-10-15

    Pulmonary neoplasms in children are rare. The majority of tumors involving the respiratory system are metastatic and primary lung tumors are even more rare. Approximately 75% of primary lung tumors are malignant, the most frequent of which are adenoma, bronchogenic carcinoma, and pleuropulmonary blastoma. Due to the rarity of these malignancies, and the usually nonspecific clinical symptoms, they are often not considered in the differential diagnosis in children who present with persistent pneumonitis, coughing, and atelectasis. This often results in delayed definitive treatment and, in general, a worse prognosis. The role of the radiologist is that by using modern imaging techniques, to facilitate early recognition and staging, enabling adequate treatment and follow-up and thus, a better clinical prognosis. This article provides an overview of the most relevant entities of primary childhood pulmonary malignancies, with a particular emphasis on the imaging characteristics. (orig.) [German] Lungentumoren im Kindesalter sind selten; hauptsaechlich handelt es sich dabei um sekundaere Absiedelungen anderer Tumoren. Wesentlich seltener finden sich Primaertumoren der Lunge. Etwa 75% dieser Tumoren sind maligne; zu den haeufigsten Entitaeten zaehlen das Adenom, das Bronchuskarzinom und das pleuropulmonale Blastom. Auf Grund des seltenen Auftretens und der unspezifischen klinischen Symptomatik, mit denen sich die betroffenen Kinder praesentieren, werden diese Tumoren kaum in die differenzialdiagnostischen Ueberlegungen miteinbezogen. Das zoegert naturgemaess die korrekte Diagnosestellung, v. a. aber den Therapiebeginn hinaus und kann somit zu einer Verschlechterung der Prognose fuehren. Die Rolle der Radiologie liegt darin, mit der Nutzung der modernsten Schnittbildtechniken eine fruehzeitige Erkennung, ein umfassendes Staging und eine adaequate Therapiekontrolle zu ermoeglichen, um die Gesamtprognose der Kinder mit Lungentumoren zu verbessern. Im Folgenden soll ein Ueberblick ueber die wichtigsten Lungentumoren im Kindesalter gegeben werden. (orig.)

  3. Vulvar malignancy in neurofibromatosis syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musella, Angela; Palaia, Innocenza; Domenici, Lavinia; Casorelli, Assunta; Martoccia, Angela; Benedetti Panici, Pierluigi

    2013-01-01

    Type 1 neurofibromatosis (NF1) is a dominantly inherited neurologic disorder that affects primarily the skin, bones, and peripheral nervous system. It may be associated with a variety of clinical manifestations including cafe-au-lait spots, skinfold freckling, Lisch nodules, and visceral neurofibromas. Individuals affected by NF1 harbor an increased risk for both benign and malignant tumors. Malignant transformation is usually observed in the form of neurosarcoma. Rarely, NF1 affects the genital tract, and isolated vulvar localization is extremely rare. Here is reported a rare case of a solitary neurosarcoma of the vulva in a 43-year-old woman affected by NF1 syndrome treated with surgical excision. The purpose of this case is to underline the possibility of association between NF1 and genital tract sarcoma and to suggest an accurate evaluation of rapid growth vulvar mass in this setting. PMID:24167749

  4. Paediatric and adult malignant glioma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jones, Chris; Perryman, Lara; Hargrave, Darren

    2012-01-01

    Gliomas in children differ from their adult counterparts by their distribution of histological grade, site of presentation and rate of malignant transformation. Although rare in the paediatric population, patients with high-grade gliomas have, for the most part, a comparably dismal clinical outcome...... to older patients with morphologically similar lesions. Molecular profiling data have begun to reveal the major genetic alterations underpinning these malignant tumours in children. Indeed, the accumulation of large datasets on adult high-grade glioma has revealed key biological differences between...... the adult and paediatric disease. Furthermore, subclassifications within the childhood age group can be made depending on age at diagnosis and tumour site. However, challenges remain on how to reconcile clinical data from adult patients to tailor novel treatment strategies specifically for paediatric...

  5. Contact Heat Conductivity Under Conditions of High-Temperature Heat Transfer in Fibrous Heat-Insulating Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grinchuk, P. S.

    2014-03-01

    A mathematical model for calculating the effective heat conductivity of fibrous materials at high temperatures and variable density has been suggested and substantiated. Consideration is focused basically on accounting for heat conduction in the solid phase of a fibrous material. The calculated results were compared with experimental data that demonstrated a good accuracy of the proposed model. The effective heat conductivity of a fibrous heat-insulating material has been calculated as a function of density for a number of temperatures within the range from 200 to 1000°C.

  6. Endobronchial metastases from extrathoracic malignancies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akoglu, Sebahat; Uçan, Eyüp S; Celik, Gülperi; Sener, Gülper; Sevinç, Can; Kilinç, O?uz; Itil, Oya

    2005-01-01

    Endobronchial metastases (EBM) from extrapulmonary malignant tumors are rare. The most common extrathoracic malignancies associated with EBM are breast, renal and colorectal carcinomas. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinical, radiographic and bronchoscopic aspects of patients with EBM who were diagnosed between 1992 and 2002. Data about patients' clinical conditions, symptoms, radiographic and endoscopic findings, and histopathological examination results were investigated. EBM was defined as bronchoscopically visible lesions histopathologically identical to the primary tumor in patients with extrapulmonary malignancies. We found 15 cases with EBM. Primary tumors included breast (3), colorectal (3), and renal (2) carcinomas; Malignant Melanoma (2); synovial sarcoma (1), ampulla of Vater adenocarcinoma (1), pheochromocytoma (1), hypernephroma (1), and Hodgkin's Disease (1). The most common symptoms were dyspnea (80%), cough (66.6%) and hemoptysis (33.3%). Multiple (40%) or single (13.3%) pulmonary nodules, mediastinal or hilar lymphadenopathy (40%), and effusion (40%) were the most common radiographic findings. The mean interval from initial diagnosis to diagnosis of EBM was 32.8 months (range, 0-96 months) and median survival time was 18 months (range, 4-84). As a conclusion, various extrapulmonary tumors can metastasize to the bronchus. Symptoms and radiographic findings are similar with those in primary lung cancer. Therefore, EBM should be discriminated from primary lung cancer histopathologically. Although mean survival time is usually short, long-term survivors were reported. Consequently, treatment must be planned according to the histology of the primary tumor, evidence of metastasis to other sites and medical status of the patient. PMID:16475029

  7. Limb Salvage in Malignant Tumors

    OpenAIRE

    Steinau, Hans-Ulrich; Daigeler, Adrien; Langer, Stefan; Steinsträsser, Lars; Hauser, Jörg; Goertz, Ole; Lehnhardt, Markus

    2010-01-01

    Limb-sparing resection and reconstruction has become the treatment of choice in extremity malignancies, as amputation does not provide better long-term survival rates or functional advantages. R0 resection, the removal of the tumor in sano, remains the prerequisite and most important oncologic parameter to avoid local recurrence. Successful treatment requires the combination of surgical eradication and the patient's specific functional and aesthetic rehabilitation. Our clinical rationale resu...

  8. Clinical radiobiology of malignant melanoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bentzen, Søren M; Overgaard, Jens; Thames, H D; Overgaard, Marie; Vejby Hansen, P; von der Maase, Hans; Meder, J

    1989-01-01

    Tumor-control probability (TCP) was analyzed in a series of 121 patients having 239 histologically proven recurrent or metastatic malignant melanomas. These were treated with fractionated radiotherapy with various doses per fraction, total doses, and overall times. Cutaneous lesions (127, 53%) were treated with electron beams, and more deeply seated tumors (112, 47%) with 60Co or 4-8 MV X-rays. The fraction size was highly variable, and this permitted determination of the alpha/beta ratio in the...

  9. Malignant endobronchial lesions of adolescence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rare primary endobronchial malignancies were diagnosed in four adolescents: atypical bronchial carcinoid, mucoepidermoid carcinoma, bronchogenic (squamous cell) carcinoma, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Metastatic disease was evident in each case. Three of the four patients died within one year of diagnosis. This paper describes each of these entities, illustrates their plain film and CT abnormalities (bronchial 'cut-off', hilar mass, local congestive edema, lobar collapse, hyperinflation), and discusses the utility of CT in their diagnosis. (orig.)

  10. CT triage for lung malignancy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kusk, Martin; Karstoft, Jens; Mussmann, Bo

    2015-01-01

    Background: Generation of multiplanar reformation (MPR) images has become automatic on most modern computed tomography (CT) scanners, potentially increasing the workload of the reporting radiologists. It is not always clear if this increases diagnostic performance in all clinical tasks. Purpose: To assess detection performance using only coronal multiplanar reformations (MPR) when triaging patients for lung malignancies with CT compared to images in three orthogonal planes, and to evaluate perfo...

  11. Skin manifestations of internal malignancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braverman, Irwin M

    2002-02-01

    This article concentrates on the major signs and syndromes that are associated with internal malignancies in the geriatric population. Included are cutaneous metastases, ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone-producing syndromes, and disorders arising from APUD cell tumors. The major paraneoplastic disorders of dermatomyositis, generalized pruritus, Bazex's syndrome, and acanthosis nigricans also are discussed. Also included are Bowen's disease of skin; arsenical toxicity; and the Peutz-Jeghers', Gardner's, and Torre's syndromes, which are indicative of systemic or organ-related carcinogens. PMID:11913734

  12. PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF HAEMATOLOGICAL MALIGNANCIES

    OpenAIRE

    Kulhara, P.; Verma, S. C.; Bambery, P; Nehra, R.

    1990-01-01

    Sixty nine patients with various types of haematological malignancies were studied. Chronic myeloid leukaemia (n =32) was the commonest diagnosis. The patients were assessed on Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, PGI-N2 Health Questionnaire and Presumptive Stressful Life Events Scale and those who had scores above the cut off points for Hamilton Rating Scale and/or PGI-N2 Health Questionnaire were assessed on Present State Examination. The patients were followed up at 3 and 6 months interva...

  13. Amisulpride and Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Ming-Che Tu; Cheng-Cheng Hsiao

    2011-01-01

    Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a rare but lethal complication of neuroleptics. Its incidence ranges between 0.02% and 3%. Amisulpride, a second generation neuroleptic, was associated with rhabdomyolysis in one report and NMS in 2 reports. Althoughthe precise pathogenesis is still unclear, dopamine receptor blockade is theorized to play acentral role. Conventional presentations include hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, and elevatedcreatine kinase concentrations. However, similar to other...

  14. Malignant endobronchial lesions of adolescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bellah, R.D. (Dept. of Radiology, Children' s Hospital of Philadelphia, PA (United States)); Mahboubi, S. (Dept. of Radiology, Children' s Hospital of Philadelphia, PA (United States)); Berdon, W.E. (Dept. of Radiology, Babies Hospital/Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, New York, NY (United States))

    1992-12-01

    Rare primary endobronchial malignancies were diagnosed in four adolescents: atypical bronchial carcinoid, mucoepidermoid carcinoma, bronchogenic (squamous cell) carcinoma, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Metastatic disease was evident in each case. Three of the four patients died within one year of diagnosis. This paper describes each of these entities, illustrates their plain film and CT abnormalities (bronchial 'cut-off', hilar mass, local congestive edema, lobar collapse, hyperinflation), and discusses the utility of CT in their diagnosis. (orig.)

  15. Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma after cholangiography with thorotrast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maurer, R; Egloff, B

    1975-10-01

    Reported is a 59-year-old patient, who died of a peritoneal mesothelioma 36 years after contamination with thorotrast of the peritoneal cavity during cholangiography at cholecystectomy. Eleven years before death, the right kidney had to be removed for hydronephrosis due to fibrous stenosis of the pyeloureteral junction, because of thorium dioxide deposits. PMID:1175135

  16. [Epigenetic therapy for hematologic malignancies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobayashi, Yukio

    2015-10-01

    Cumulative evidence suggests that at least some hematologic malignancies are derived from alterations of epigenetic machinery. Next generation sequencing has revealed recurrent mutations of genes related to DNA methylation and histone modification in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), acute myeloid leukemia, malignant lymphoma, and multiple myeloma. Both these pathways are targetable and specific inhibitors of their related proteins are currently in development. Among these novel therapies, hypomethylating agents have been approved for MDS, and recently, histone deacetylase inhibitors became available for T-cell lymphoma and multiple myeloma. Agents currently undergoing clinical trials include inhibitors of IDH2 targeting DNA methylation, and EZH2, Dot1L, and BRD4 inhibitors designed to target either writers or readers of post-translational modifications (PTMs) of histones. In a phase I setting, where the maximum tolerated dose has not been reached, efficacy was reported with these agents. Furthermore, Dot1bL and IDH2 inhibitors have been shown to induce differentiation of leukemic blasts in patients with MLL gene rearrangements and IDH2 mutations, respectively, thus providing functional evidence supporting the use of inhibitors of epigenetic mechanisms as a means of differentiation therapy for hematologic malignancies. PMID:26458440

  17. Malignant tumours of the vulva

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The thesis analyses 317 patients with vulvar malignancies treated at the University Hospital, Lund, during 1960-1979. The three most common histological types of malignancy have been analysed. The oncological clinic in Lund has since the 1960's used a surgical technique where the primary tumour and the regional lymph nodes are operated on in two separate surgical seances. The vulvectomy is performed with tarm knife technique, and the wound is left open. The 5-year crude survival rate for the entire patient material treated with curative intention was over 60 %, which agrees well with reports from other centres. Our surgical approach using two separate seances has, however, much lower rates of postoperative complications and mortality than the rates in other reports. The overall most important prognostic factors for the patients with invasive vulvar malignancies are the presence of lymphatic metastases at the time of surgery, and the surgical radicality of the primary surgery. The treatment at most stages of tumour development and most histological types should include total vulvectomy preoperative irradiation of the inguinal lymph nodes, and inguinal lymphadenectomy. Only local extirpation and hemivulvectomy are, however, indicated for small microinvasively growing squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma. Samll invasive onesided squamous cell carcinoma is best treated with ipsilateral surgery combined with preoperative irradiation of the inguinal lymph nodes. Patients with metastases in the inguinal lymph nodes should receive additional irradiation of the inguinal and pelvic lymph node stations. (Author)

  18. X-ray diffraction study of the mineralogy of microinclusions in fibrous diamond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Evan; Kopylova, Maya; Dubrovinksy, Leonid

    2010-05-01

    Fibrous diamond, occurring both as cuboids and as coatings over non-fibrous diamond nuclei, is translucent due to the presence of millions of sub-micron-sized mineral and fluid inclusions. Diamond is strong and relatively inert, making it an excellent vessel to preserve trapped materials. These microinclusions represent direct samples of natural diamond-forming mantle fluids, and are critical for our understanding of diamond genesis. Traditionally, infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, secondary ion mass spectrometry, electron microprobe, and FIB-TEM techniques have proven to be effective for the study of microinclusions in diamond. The abundance and random orientation of included minerals in fibrous diamond make them amenable to a powder-type X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique. This technique provides an accurate way to identify included minerals. It also has the advantage of analyzing thousands of inclusions simultaneously, rather than analyzing one inclusion at a time, as with common FIB-TEM techniques. XRD provides a bulk analysis, giving a superior measure of relative abundances of included minerals, as well as potentially accounting for small quantities of minerals that might otherwise be overlooked. We studied fibrous cuboid diamonds with microinclusions from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) (23 samples), Brazil (4 samples), Jericho (1 sample), and Wawa conglomerates (9 samples). XRD analysis was performed at the Bayerisches Geoinstitut (BGI), University of Bayreuth, Germany. The unique XRD setup consists of a RIGAKU FR-D high-brilliance source, OSMIC Inc. Confocal Max-Flux optics, and a SMART APEX 4K CCD area detector. Preliminary XRD studies of microinclusions 8 fibrous diamonds from the DRC showed a prevalence of silicates with structural and coordinated H2O. Sheet silicates constituted 9 out of 13 detected minerals, with phlogopite-biotite micas being present in 4 out of 8 samples. Other detected minerals were 2 chlorite minerals, 2 clay phyllosilicates, serpentine, zircon, a hydrous carbonate and an unidentified zeolite. Many of these phases are deuteric, replacing high-T, high-P micas and carbonates that precipitate from the fluid in the diamond stability field. The ongoing XRD study will (1) elucidate the mineralogy of fluid inclusions in diamonds from Wawa, (2) compare XRD analyses to distinguish between diamonds with carbonatitic versus saline fluid compositions, and (3) reveal whether carbonates occur as crystalline phases or as dissolved or amorphous material in fibrous diamond.

  19. IMMUNE RESPONSE IN MALIGNANT GLIOMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iliyan Koev

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Malignant gliomas are primary brain tumors with excessive mortality and high resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The survival time for glioblastoma multi­forme is about 6-12 months. As key pathogenetic mechanisms are recognized the massive necrosis, angiogenesis and hypoxia within the tumor, as well as the resistance to apoptosis. It is also suspected that altered immune response might contribute to the fatal clinical outcome.The aim of the present study was to determine the immune status of patients with malignant gliomas.Material and methods: Peripheral blood lymphocytes were collected preoperatively from 9 patients (aged 57-76 diagnosed as anaplastic astrocytoma grade III (n=4 and glioblastoma multiforme (n=5. The following lymphocyte populations were analyzed by flow cytometry: CD19+, CD3+, CD3+CD4+, CD3+CD8+, CD3-CD56+, CD3+CD56+, CD3+CD25+, CD8-CD11b+, CD8+CD11b+, CD8+CD11b-. The results obtained were compared to reference values for each cell population.Results: No significant alterations were detected in CD19+, CD3+, CD3+CD4+, CD3+CD8+ cells, but the CD4/CD8 ratio was below the reference range in some cases. No obvious decrease in (CD3-CD56+ NK cells and (CD3-CD56+ NKT cells was observed in most patients. A reproducible phenomenon of increased CD8+CD11b+ and decreased CD8+CD11b- cells was noticed. These preliminary results suggest that the immune response in patients with malignant glioma is seriously disregulated. The rapid clinical deterioration, relapses and high mortality could be at least partially explained with the suppressed activity of NK-cells which are the major cytotoxic antitumoral cells. The increase in the population of activated suppressor-effector cells also contributes to the unfavourable outcome in malignant brain tumors.Conclusion: This pilot study reveals the presence of altered immune response in malignant gliomas and opens possibilities for prospective investigations concerning immune status and clinical outcome.

  20. Physiologic upper limit of pore size in the blood-tumor barrier of malignant solid tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Griffiths Gary L

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The existence of large pores in the blood-tumor barrier (BTB of malignant solid tumor microvasculature makes the blood-tumor barrier more permeable to macromolecules than the endothelial barrier of most normal tissue microvasculature. The BTB of malignant solid tumors growing outside the brain, in peripheral tissues, is more permeable than that of similar tumors growing inside the brain. This has been previously attributed to the larger anatomic sizes of the pores within the BTB of peripheral tumors. Since in the physiological state in vivo a fibrous glycocalyx layer coats the pores of the BTB, it is possible that the effective physiologic pore size in the BTB of brain tumors and peripheral tumors is similar. If this were the case, then the higher permeability of the BTB of peripheral tumor would be attributable to the presence of a greater number of pores in the BTB of peripheral tumors. In this study, we probed in vivo the upper limit of pore size in the BTB of rodent malignant gliomas grown inside the brain, the orthotopic site, as well as outside the brain in temporalis skeletal muscle, the ectopic site. Methods Generation 5 (G5 through generation 8 (G8 polyamidoamine dendrimers were labeled with gadolinium (Gd-diethyltriaminepentaacetic acid, an anionic MRI contrast agent. The respective Gd-dendrimer generations were visualized in vitro by scanning transmission electron microscopy. Following intravenous infusion of the respective Gd-dendrimer generations (Gd-G5, N = 6; Gd-G6, N = 6; Gd-G7, N = 5; Gd-G8, N = 5 the blood and tumor tissue pharmacokinetics of the Gd-dendrimer generations were visualized in vivo over 600 to 700 minutes by dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI. One additional animal was imaged in each Gd-dendrimer generation group for 175 minutes under continuous anesthesia for the creation of voxel-by-voxel Gd concentration maps. Results The estimated diameters of Gd-G7 dendrimers were 11 ± 1 nm and those of Gd-G8 dendrimers were 13 ± 1 nm. The BTB of ectopic RG-2 gliomas was more permeable than the BTB of orthotopic RG-2 gliomas to all Gd-dendrimer generations except for Gd-G8. The BTB of both ectopic RG-2 gliomas and orthotopic RG-2 gliomas was not permeable to Gd-G8 dendrimers. Conclusion The physiologic upper limit of pore size in the BTB of malignant solid tumor microvasculature is approximately 12 nanometers. In the physiologic state in vivo the luminal fibrous glycocalyx of the BTB of malignant brain tumor and peripheral tumors is the primary impediment to the effective transvascular transport of particles across the BTB of malignant solid tumor microvasculature independent of tumor host site. The higher permeability of malignant peripheral tumor microvasculature to macromolecules smaller than approximately 12 nm in diameter is attributable to the presence of a greater number of pores underlying the glycocalyx of the BTB of malignant peripheral tumor microvasculature.

  1. Meningeal metastasing of malignant melanomas. Meningeale Metastasierung maligner Melanome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gogoll, M.; Langer, M.; Hosten, N. (Klinikum Rudolf Virchow, Berlin (Germany, F.R.). Radiologische Klinik und Poliklinik)

    1989-08-01

    Two woman patients with malignant melanoma of the skin known from their case history and with acutely emerging neurological symptoms were examined both by CT and by MR tomography (both plain and with intravenous contrast medium). The radiologically derived suspicion of meningioma could not be confirmed by intraoperatively performed histological examination. In both cases the patients had meningeal melanoma metastases with low melanin content and without noticeable bleeding into the metastases. MR diagnosis is rendered difficult by the absence of paramagnetic substances typical of melanoma metastases. Hence, if the case history is known, it should be considered whether there is meningeal metastasising with atypical histology. (orig.).

  2. Simple chemical solution coating and gas sensing properties of ?-Fe2O3/chrysotile fibrous composites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ?-Fe2O3/chrysotile fibrous composites were prepared by a simple chemical solution coating method for the gas sensitivity improvement of ?-Fe2O3. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and atomic force microscope (AFM) analyses indicate that corundum-type ?-Fe2O3 nanoparticles with a mean particle size ?20 nm are dense and well-proportioned on the surface of chrysotile fibers due to the mechanism that positively charged Fe(OH)3 particles can be adsorbed onto the negatively charged chrysotile fibers in acidic liquids. The fabricated sensor devices were characterized for their electrical and gas sensing properties, it is found that the sensitivities of ?-Fe2O3/chrysotile fibrous composites to H2 and CH4 all increase by ?35% than those of the single ?-Fe2O3 nanoparticles. Such simple coating treatment is an effective way in improving the continuities and gas sensing properties of nanogranular thick films.

  3. Mobility of Power-law and Carreau Fluids through Fibrous Media

    CERN Document Server

    Shahsavari, Setareh

    2015-01-01

    The flow of generalized Newtonian fluids with a rate-dependent viscosity through fibrous media is studied with a focus on developing relationships for evaluating the effective fluid mobility. Three different methods have been used here: i) a numerical solution of the Cauchy momentum equation with the Carreau or power-law constitutive equations for pressure-driven flow in a fiber bed consisting of a periodic array of cylindrical fibers, ii) an analytical solution for a unit cell model representing the flow characteristics of a periodic fibrous medium, and iii) a scaling analysis of characteristic bulk parameters such as the effective shear rate, the effective viscosity, geometrical parameters of the system, and the fluid rheology. Our scaling analysis yields simple expressions for evaluating the transverse mobility functions for each model, which can be used for a wide range of medium porosity and fluid rheological parameters. While the dimensionless mobility is, in general, a function of the Carreau number an...

  4. Welcome to Fibers—A New Open Access Journal for Fibrous Material Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen C. Bondy

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Fibers are materials in the form of elongated threads. They can possess elastic features that are relevant to the integrity and bonding of cells. These features also give man-made fibers a wide range of applications. The large ratio of length to width (aspect ratio, which defines fibers, strongly influences their physical and chemical properties. This quality gives them a relatively large surface area, which can lead to powerful tensile and absorptive characteristics, which are remarkably different from, and cannot be predicted by study of the non-fibrous parent materials. An example of this is asbestos, where the toxicity of the material is heavily influenced by its structural anatomy. Distinctive chemical processes can take place on fibrous surfaces that may themselves seem to be chemically inert. Certain commonalities result from the distinctive geometry of fibers, and lie behind the apparently great diversity of fiber types and materials. [...

  5. Displasia fibrosa do clivus: relato de caso Fibrous dysplasia of the clivus: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asdrubal Falavigna

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Relatamos o caso de uma paciente de 43 anos com história de cefaléia crônica e diplopia. O exame neurorradiológico demonstrou aumento de volume e alteração na densidade óssea do clivus. Foi submetida a cirurgia e o exame anatomopatológico evidenciou displasia fibrosa. Foram relatados na literatura outros 14 casos de displasia fibrosa envolvendo o clivus. Discutimos essa rara apresentação da doença segundo o quadro clínico, exames de imagem, histologia e tratamento.We describe the case of a 43 year-old woman with chronic headache and diplopia. The neurorradiologic exam showed volume increase and alteration in the bone density of the clivus. She was submitted to surgery and the anatomopathologic evidenced fibrous dysplasia. Other 14 of about fibrous dysplasia involving the clivus are related in the literature. We discuss clinical aspects, image exams, histology and treatment of this rare presentation of the disease.

  6. Composition of silicon fibrous nanostructures synthesized using ultrafast laser pulses under ambient conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sivakumar M.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study the composition of nanostructures generated owing to ablation of crystalline silicon using high repletion rate femtosecond laser under ambient condition is investigated. The web-like silicon fibrous nanostructures are formed in and around the laser irradiated area. Electron Microscopy investigation revealed that the nanostructures are made of nanoparticles of size about 40 nm. In addition Micro-Raman analysis shows that the nanofibrous structures comprises a mixture of amorphous and polycrystalline silicon. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis reveals the oxidized and un-oxidized elemental states of silicon in the nanostructures. Moreover web-like fibrous nanostructures are generated due to condensation of super saturated vapour and subsequent nucleus growth in the laser induced plasma plume.

  7. Theoretical study of the fibrous capsule tissue growth around a disk-shaped implant

    KAUST Repository

    Djellouli, Rabia

    2012-08-19

    We analyze the mathematical properties of the fibrous capsule tissue concentration around a disk-shaped implant. We establish stability estimates as well as monotonicity results that illustrate the sensitivity of this growth to the biocompatibility index parameters of the implant. In addition, we prove that the growth of the tissue increases exponentially in time toward an asymptotic regime. We also study the mathematical properties of the solution of the inverse problem consisting in the determination of the values of the biocompatibility index parameters from the knowledge of some fibrous capsule tissue measurements. We prove that this model calibration problem admits a unique solution, and establish a characterization of the index parameters. Furthermore, we demonstrate analytically that such a solution is not continuous with respect to the data, and therefore the considered inverse problem is ill-posed due to the lack of the stability requirement. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.

  8. Fibrous flexible solid-type dye-sensitized solar cells without transparent conducting oxide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have explored a type of all-solid fibrous flexible dye-sensitized solar cells without transparent conducting oxide based on a CuI electrolyte. The working electrode's substrate is a metal wire. Cu wire counterelectrode is twisted with the dye-sensitized and CuI-coated working electrode. The cell's apparent diameter is about 150 ?m. The cell's current-voltage output depends little on the incident angle of light. A 4-cm-long fibrous cell's open-circuit voltage and short-circuit current generate 304 mV and 0.032 mA, respectively. The interfacial interaction between the two electrodes has a significant influence on the inner charge transfer of the cell

  9. Hydraulic permeability of (un)bounded fibrous media using the lattice Boltzmann method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several articles have been written regarding the hydraulic permeability of ordered and disordered fibrous media. Here, we explore wall effects on hydraulic permeabilities for ordered and disordered media using the lattice Boltzmann (LB) simulation method. Simulation results are found to be in excellent agreement with the semi analytic result of Sangani and Acrivos, and simulation results for disordered media are in good agreement with the results of Jackson and James and Higdon and Ford's fcc lattice. The macroscopic behavior, the hydraulic permeability, shows a distinct connection with the geometry of the system. This connection is explored and elucidated for ordered and disordered media. Finally, hydraulic permeabilities for bounded media at various wall separations are presented for both ordered and disordered media and results are compared with hydraulic permeabilities calculated for the unbounded media, and a phenomenological correlation is presented to facilitate rapid prediction of hydraulic permeabilities for both unbounded and bounded fibrous media. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society

  10. Imaging diagnosis of monostotic fibrous dysplasia in thoracic and lumbar spine vertebrae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Caihong; Zhu, Bo; Chen, Anmin

    2007-12-01

    The X-ray radiograph, CT scan and MRI appearance of 5 patients with pathologically proven fibrous dysplasia in thoracic and lumbar spine vertebrae were retrospectively analyzed. Plain radiographs, CT scans and MR images showed the presentation of eccentric lesion with intact cortex bone and marginal sclerosis in vertebral bodies without involvement of vertebral appendix and extraosseous soft tissue. The lesion masses were round (one being oval-shaped) and radiolucent in plain radiographs and CT scans. Homogeneous long signal was observed on T1 weighted image and strongly enhanced when gadolinium was administered. On T2 weighted MRI, short signal was found in the anterior part of the mass, long signal in the posterior part, and short and slight long signal in the middle part, without partitioning and laminating change. There was a good correlation between radiological features and surgical findings. These findings may be useful to diagnose fibrous dysplasia in spine. PMID:18231743

  11. Mode of action of fibrous amphiboles: the case of Biancavilla (Sicily, Italy)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Giulia, Ballan; Antonella, Del Brocco; Stefano, Loizzo; Alessia, Fabbri; Zaira, Maroccia; Carla, Fiorentini; Sara, Travaglione.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND. The inhalation of fibrous amphiboles can result in pulmonary fibrosis, lung cancer and mesothelioma. Although these fibres have the same disease-causing potential, their different morphologies and chemical composition can determine different biological activities. An unusual cluster of m [...] esothelioma was evidenced in Biancavilla (Sicily) where no inhabitant had been significantly exposed to asbestos. OBJECTIVE. We herein discuss the mechanism of action of amphiboles, focusing on the fibres identified in the study area. RESULTS. Human lung carcinoma cells have been exposed to two different materials: prismatic fluoro-edenite and fibres with fluoro-edenitic composition. Only in the second case, they exhibit features typical of transformed cells, such as multinucleation, prosurvival activity and pro-inflammatory cytokine release. Accordingly, in vivo studies demonstrated that the fibrous sample only could induce a mesotheliomatogenic effect. Conclusions. Fibres with fluoro-edenitic composition behave similarly to the asbestos crocidolite, whose connection with inflammation and lung cancer is well established.

  12. Treatment of Polyostotic Fibrous Dysplasia of the Thoracic Spine with Intravenous Pamidronate: Result from 9 Months Follow Up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jongjoo; Shin, Hyunchul; Kwon, Young-Jun

    2015-06-01

    Fibrous dysplasia of the spine is very rarely observed. We reported a case of a 57-year-old woman, who presented with neck and bilateral shoulder pain with histologically confirmed fibrous dysplasia, involving the first and second thoracic vertebrae. Clinical and radiological findings were not specific for fibrous dysplasia. The histological biopsy was required for a confirmed diagnosis. Endocrine and metabolic evaluations are required to rule out diseases such as hyperthyroidism, Cushing syndrome and osteomalacia. Fibrous dyplasia can be managed by appropriate medical and surgical treatments based on the patient's neurological status and symptoms. Our patient was given intravenous pamidronate 60mg/day for 3 days. After 9 months, her initial symptoms were improved, but computed tomography scan of the thoracic spine showed no change of the lesions. PMID:26217391

  13. The additional value of CT images interpretation in the differential diagnosis of benign vs. malignant primary bone lesions with 18F-FDG-PET/CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strobel, K.; Stumpe, K.D.M.; Hany, T.F.; Mende, K.; Veit-Haibach, P.; Schulthess, G.K. von [University Hospital Zurich, Division of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Medical Radiology, Zurich (Switzerland); Exner, U.E. [University Hospital Balgrist, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Zurich (Switzerland); Bode, B. [University Hospital Zurich, Institute of Surgical Pathology, Zurich (Switzerland); Hodler, Juerg [University Hospital Balgrist, Department of Radiology, Zurich (Switzerland)

    2008-11-15

    To evaluate the value of a dedicated interpretation of the CT images in the differential diagnosis of benign vs. malignant primary bone lesions with 18fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG-PET/CT). In 50 consecutive patients (21 women, 29 men, mean age 36.9, age range 11-72) with suspected primary bone neoplasm conventional radiographs and 18F-FDG-PET/CT were performed. Differentiation of benign and malignant lesions was separately performed on conventional radiographs, PET alone (PET), and PET/CT with specific evaluation of the CT part. Histology served as the standard of reference in 46 cases, clinical, and imaging follow-up in four cases. According to the standard of reference, conventional 17 lesions were benign and 33 malignant. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy in assessment of malignancy was 85%, 65% and 78% for conventional radiographs, 85%, 35% and 68% for PET alone and 91%, 77% and 86% for combined PET/CT. Median SUV{sub max} was 3.5 for benign lesions (range 1.6-8.0) and 5.7 (range 0.8-41.7) for malignant lesions. In eight patients with bone lesions with high FDG-uptake (SUV{sub max} {>=} 2.5) dedicated CT interpretation led to the correct diagnosis of a benign lesion (three fibrous dysplasias, two osteomyelitis, one aneurysmatic bone cyst, one fibrous cortical defect, 1 phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor). In four patients with lesions with low FDG-uptake (SUV{sub max} < 2.5) dedicated CT interpretation led to the correct diagnosis of a malignant lesion (three chondrosarcomas and one leiomyosarcoma). Combined PET/CT was significantly more accurate in the differentiation of benign and malignant lesions than PET alone (p =.039). There was no significant difference between PET/CT and conventional radiographs (p =.625). Dedicated interpretation of the CT part significantly improved the performance of FDG-PET/CT in differentiation of benign and malignant primary bone lesions compared to PET alone. PET/CT more commonly differentiated benign from malignant primary bone lesions compared with conventional radiographs, but this difference was not significant. (orig.)

  14. The additional value of CT images interpretation in the differential diagnosis of benign vs. malignant primary bone lesions with 18F-FDG-PET/CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the value of a dedicated interpretation of the CT images in the differential diagnosis of benign vs. malignant primary bone lesions with 18fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG-PET/CT). In 50 consecutive patients (21 women, 29 men, mean age 36.9, age range 11-72) with suspected primary bone neoplasm conventional radiographs and 18F-FDG-PET/CT were performed. Differentiation of benign and malignant lesions was separately performed on conventional radiographs, PET alone (PET), and PET/CT with specific evaluation of the CT part. Histology served as the standard of reference in 46 cases, clinical, and imaging follow-up in four cases. According to the standard of reference, conventional 17 lesions were benign and 33 malignant. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy in assessment of malignancy was 85%, 65% and 78% for conventional radiographs, 85%, 35% and 68% for PET alone and 91%, 77% and 86% for combined PET/CT. Median SUVmax was 3.5 for benign lesions (range 1.6-8.0) and 5.7 (range 0.8-41.7) for malignant lesions. In eight patients with bone lesions with high FDG-uptake (SUVmax ? 2.5) dedicated CT interpretation led to the correct diagnosis of a benign lesion (three fibrous dysplasias, two osteomyelitis, one aneurysmatic bone cyst, one fibrous cortical defect, 1 phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor). In four patients with lesions with low FDG-uptake (SUVmax < 2.5) dedicated CT interpretation led to the correct diagnosis of a malignant lesion (three chondrosarcomas and one leiomyosarcoma). Combined PET/CT was significantly more accurate in the differentiation of benign and malignant lesions than PET alone (p =.039). There was no significant difference between PET/CT and conventional radiographs (p =.625). Dedicated interpretation of the CT part significantly improved the performance of FDG-PET/CT in differentiation of benign and malignant primary bone lesions compared to PET alone. PET/CT more commonly differentiated benign from malignant primary bone lesions compared with conventional radiographs, but this difference was not significant. (orig.)

  15. Fibrous active carbon based adsorbents for the purification of liquid media polluted by radionuclides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There has been considered the influence of surface state and pore structure, as well as type of impregnating additives and conditions of their introduction, on the properties of modified carbon fibrous sorbents for purification of liquid media concurrently from radionuclides and harmful organic impurities. With the aid of a model system there has been shown high efficiency of modified sorbent containing iron (3) ferrocyanide in the extraction of cesium and strontium radioisotopes from biological media

  16. A Dumbbell-Shaped Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Cervical Spinal Cord

    OpenAIRE

    Shin, Dong Ah; KIM, SE HOON; Yoon, Do Heum; Kim, Tai Seung

    2008-01-01

    A 40-year-old Asian female presented with a 2-month history of right shoulder pain and right triceps weakness. MRI revealed an extramedullary, extradural, dumbbell-shaped spinal cord tumor with C6 to C7 iso- and hyperintensity on T1 and T2 weighted imaging, respectively. Histological examination revealed monomorphous spindle cells with a storiform pattern. Immunohistochemistry was positive for CD34, CD99, and negative for EMA, SMA, and S100; solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) was confirmed.

  17. Explicit dynamic simulation of drop weight low velocity impact on carbon fibrous composite panels

    OpenAIRE

    Umar Farooq; Karl Gregory

    2010-01-01

    Finite element computational model was developed to simulate impact behaviour and predict the failure response of carbon fibrous composite panels subjected to low velocity drop-weight impact on the partitioned area where an impactor of flat-nosed tip hits the target. Critical damage regions under impactors’ tips are very complicated phenomenon to study since internal load re-distributes after impact and damage accumulates in through-the-thickness plies. Transformation of mathematical formulat...

  18. STUDY ON FIBROUS COMPOSITES BEHAVIOUR IN HYDRODYNAMIC PROCESS OF WINE FILTRATION

    OpenAIRE

    Petronela Nechita; Elena Bobu; Florin Ciolacu; Armand Kontek

    2009-01-01

    This study concerns the implementation and performance evaluation of fibrous composites in sterile filtration of wine. Conditions of preparation were established having in view that the separation of particulate contaminants from liquids by depth filtration is occurring by mechanical entrapment into structural pores and by electrokinetic adsorption, and both retention mechanisms are influenced by various factors. Functional characteristics and behaviour of the filtering composite in industria...

  19. Retroperitoneal solitary fibrous tumor of the pelvis with pollakiuria: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Tsushimi Takaaki; Yagi Takaharu; Tomozawa Naobumi; Ohnishi Hiromi

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is rare soft tissue tumor, and it occurs most commonly in the pleura. Retroperitoneal SFT is generally found by palpable mass or abdominal distention. Here we report a case of SFT presenting pollakiuria. Case presentation A 64-year-old man was referred to our hospital for pollakiuria. Contrasted-enhanced computed tomography revealed a heterogeneously enhanced pelvic tumor of approximately 10?×?8?×?7?cm. Invasion of the surrounding organs, dista...

  20. Surgical resection using retroperitoneal approach for solitary fibrous tumor in the pelvis

    OpenAIRE

    SHOJI, SUNAO; NAKANO, MAYURA; YAMAMOTO, SHINYA; OKADA, NAOTAKA; NAGATA, YOSHIHIRO; SEKIDO, YASUTOMO; TERAYAMA, HAYATO; ITO, Masahiro; UCHIDA, TOYOAKI

    2011-01-01

    This report concerns a case of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) for which surgical resection was performed using a retroperitoneal approach. A 41-year-old man was referred to our hospital with urinary retention. Abdominal ultrasound sonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) showed a hypervascular mass lesion in the pelvis. Transrectal biopsy showed SFT. Surgical resection was carried out using a retroperitoneal approach and preserving the neural network related to urinary and erectile function...