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Sample records for malignant fibrous histiocytomas

  1. Calvarial malignant fibrous histiocytoma

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    Chhabra R

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH of the central nervous system (CNS is uncommon. We report cases of two young patients of MFH arising from the cranial meninges and involving the adjacent skull and scalp. There was infiltration of the brain in one case. Both the lesions were excised and primary scalp repair was performed.

  2. Radiation-induced intracranial malignant fibrous histiocytoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An autopsy case of radiation-induced intracranial malignant fibrous histiocytoma (fibroxanthosarcoma) is reported. The tumor developed in the region of the sella turcica 11 years after high dose radiotherapy of a chromophobe adenoma of the pituitary. The tumor had infiltrated the base of the brain as well as the base of the skull. Metastases were not found. The tumor was composed of an admixture of bizarre fibroblasts, histiocytes and giant cells, xanthoma cells and siderophages, with a storiform fibrous stroma. This appears to be the first documented instance of a malignant fibrous histiocytoma occurring intracranially after local x irradiation

  3. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma with skeletal involvement

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    Takechi,Hideo

    1978-10-01

    Full Text Available Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of soft part is rather common but malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the bone is rarely encountered clinically. Authors present five cases of malignant fibrous histiocytoma with skeletal involvement and discuss their clinical course, x-ray findings and histological features. This tumor has marked tendency for local recurrence and metastasis. Other bone tumors such as giant cell tumor, aneurysmal bone cyst, non ossifying fibroma, osteosarcoma, fibrosarcoma of bone and metastatic cancer can be excluded by several characteristic findings observed in x-rays as well as histopathological features. All information on the patient should be carefully analysed, because it is difficult to decide whether bone involvement is primary or secondary. Four out of five cases definitely originated within the bone.

  4. Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma in the Infratemporal Fossa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma is one of the most common soft tissue sarcomas in late adult life, but its incidence in oral and maxillofacial region is extremely rare. We report a case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma which occurred in the infratemporal fossa. Conventional radiograph of this case showed an ill-defined radiolucent lesion in the alveolar bone of the right maxillary first molar area, the lateral wall of the maxillary sinus, and the ascending ramus of mandible. MRI demonstrated well defined mass of intermediate signal intensity in T1 weighted images but T2 weighted images showed two distinctive regions of different characteristics. Infratemporal portion of the lesion was of hyperintense signal but under that region, the signal intensity decreased clearly, which might mean this case composed of two different subtypes, though it couldn't be confirmed by histopathological examination. Biopsy was taken in the only soft tissue of the maxillary posterior alveolar region and confirmed the lesion as the storiform-pleomorphic type of malignant fibrous histiocytoma. Histopathological subtype was well consistent with the relatively aggressive imaging findings of that region. We expect more detailed analysis of the nature of malignant fibrous histiocytoma with improvement of the imaging modality and the identification of the relationship between diagnostic imaging and histopathologic findings.

  5. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the bone (radiodiagnosis)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Clinical and X-ray signs of malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the bone were described on the basis of a literature analysis and 12 observations. From the roentgenological view-point various tumor symptoms can fall into 2 types and 2 variants

  6. Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma—Case Report

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    Balaji, S. M.

    2010-01-01

    Fibrous histiocytoma is a tumor composed of a mixture of fibroblastic and histiocytic cells. These lesions most often arise on the skin, but may rarely occur in soft deep tissues. The diagnosis of FH may be clinically difficult when the lesion is located in the deep tissues, and is frequently confirmed after local excision. The most important diagnostic necessity is the separation of this tumor from aggressive forms of fibrohistiocytic neoplasms. We present a unique case of malignant fibrous ...

  7. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of ethmoid sinus

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    Iqbal, S. Md; Murthy, J. G.; Banerjee, P. K.; Padma, A.

    1998-01-01

    Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma (MFH) is a rare tumour to involve ethmoid sinuses. So far only 7 cases have been reported in the literature to our best of knowledge. The disease predominantly affected younger people with no significant sex prediliction. The aggressive behaviour of the tumour clinically is an important parameter to clinch the malignant nature of the disease. Wide surgical resection is the accepted method of treatment. Local recurrences are frequent and distant metastasis are no...

  8. A case of intracranial malignant fibrous histiocytoma

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    Sarrami, Amir Hossein; Setareh, Mehrdad; Afshar-moghaddam, Noushin; Izadinejad, Masoud; Saadatnia, Mohammad

    2011-01-01

    We describe a case of intracranial malignant fibrous histiocytoma which had infiltrated pons, cerebellum and basal surface of left temporal lobe without any visible mass. The patient presented with a sudden loss of consciousness and vomiting. Clinical findings, laboratory tests, imaging and examination of the cerebrospinal fluid tended to establish the diagnosis of an infectious condition than a malignancy. Without any response to the antibiotics and with a progressive deterioration of neurol...

  9. Hepatic malignant fibrous histiocytoma of imaging characteristics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To enhance the understanding of imaging characteristics of hepatic malignant fibrous histiocytoma. Methods: Four cases of hepatic malignant fibrous histiocytoma proven by pathology were examined by means of CT (n=4), MRI (n=2), and angiography (n=1). Results: All tumors of the four patients were located in the right lobe of the liver. The marginal contours were irregular. The tumors extended to the liver capsule in three patients. On CT, all tumors were hypodense (28-36 HU) on plain scan compared with surrounding liver parenchyma. Plaque-like slight hyper dentisites were seen in two patients. After contrast injection, the solid portion of the mass showed mild enhancement (52-70 HU) in arterial phase, and moderate enhancement in venous phase (75-98 HU). Obvious nonenhanced necrotic areas were seen in all cases. On MR images, the main signal intensity of the mass was hypointense on T1-weighted imaging compared with the adjacent liver. Plaque-like hyper intensities were seen in one patients. The intensity of the masses were higher than that of the liver on T2-weighted images. Angiography of one patient showed displacement of hepatic vasculature by the mass on arterial phase and irregular tumor staining was seen on parenchyma phase. Conclusion: The primary imaging character of hepatic malignant fibrous histiocytoma is apparently invasive with unclear border and massive necrosis in the central part, and intratumoral bleeding is common. (aut and intratumoral bleeding is common. (authors)

  10. Postirradiation sarcoma (malignant fibrous histiocytoma) following cervix cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A case of postirradiation sarcoma is described. The tumor, a malignant fibrous histiocytoma, occurred in the radiation field 11 years following postoperative external beam radiation therapy (7,000 rad) for carcinoma of the cervix. Reports of postirradiation malignant fibrous histiocytoma are rare, and the occurrence of this neoplasm following treatment for cervix cancer has not previously been described. The literature concerning postirradiation bone and soft tissue sarcomas is briefly reviewed, with special attention to malignant fibrous histiocytomas. (author)

  11. Radiation-induced malignant fibrous histiocytoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Among adult malignant tumors of soft tissue, malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is the most common type. Its prognosis is poor. We have encountered a case of radiation-induced MFH occurring 8 years after radiotherapy (4500 rad to total pelvis, radium needle: 10 mCiX 2 to intra-vagina) for uterine cervical cancer (IIb). Tumor was located in the retroperitoneum of the right fossa iliaca and resected with a part of musculus iliopsoas. Microscopically, two cell pattern contained a greater number of large, bizarre histiocytic cells and plumper fibroblastic cells. Specimen did not show storiform pattern clearly, but was positive for ?1-antichymotrypsin, ?1-antitrypsin and vimentin by immunofluorescence staining. Electron microscopy revealed multinucleated giant cells with a moderate amount of rough endoplasmic reticulum in the cytoplasm. This case had a history of radiation therapy, occurence of second tumor in the radiation field, second tumor occurring over the 2 years latent periods after radiation, and second tumor with different histological findings. This case represents radiation induced malignant fibrous histiocytoma. (author)

  12. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma developing in a burn scar.

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    U?urlu, K; Turgut, G; Kabukçuo?lu, F; Ozcan, H; Sanus, Z; Ba?, L

    1999-12-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) which is usually originated from muscles and deep fascia and rarely from the subcutaneous tissue is the most common soft tissue sarcoma; and it frequently invades the extremities. Occurrence of this tumor on a burn scar of scalp is a very rare entity. In the literature, there were only four reported malign fibrous histiocytoma cases that originated from a burn scar but none of them was at the scalp region. A female patient complaining about a painful mass at the scalp region was admitted to our clinic twenty years after burning with hot water when she was 3 years old. Pathological and clinical features of this rapidly growing malignant fibrous histiocytoma were similar with the other cases reported before. After the diagnosis was clear as a pleomorphic storiform type of MFH, a wide tumor excision was done because of the high risk of local recurrence. PMID:10630863

  13. Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Breast: A Case Report

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    Dimosthenis Miliaras; Emmanouel Konstantinides

    2012-01-01

    This paper concerns a case of Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma (MFH) of the Breast in a 73-years-old woman. A lump was found in her right breast, measuring 1.7?cm in diameter. Surgical excision followed, and pathology revealed a highly atypical spindle cell tumor. Immunohistochemistry along the histological features, excluded the possibility of carcinoma, malignant phyllodes tumor, or another type of pure sarcoma. There was no history of previous irradiation in the region. MFH is among the rare...

  14. A case of postirradiated malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the vagina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An unusual case of postirradiated malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the vagina in a 72-year-old female is reported. The tumor occurred in the radiation field 30 years after radical hysterectomy and preoperative radiation therapy (radium 5,200 mgh) for squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix. She had been disease free for 30 years until she noticed a large mass in the vagina. Cytological study showed mainly two types of non-epithelial malignant cells; spindle-shaped fibroblast-like cells and histiocyte-like cells. Bizarre mono or multinucleated giant cells were often observed. The operative specimen revealed an arrangement composed of short or long spindle cells and vacuolated mononucleated and large multinucleated cells. The diagnosis was comfirmed by immunohistological and ultrastructural study. We have reviewed the literature on malignant fibrous histiocytoma occurring after radiation for cervical carcinoma. (author)

  15. Some epidemiological characteristics of malignant fibrous histiocytoma in the Province of Vojvodina

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    Nikolin Borislava L.; Dugandžija Tihomir; Salma Svetlana; Trifunovi? Jasna; Vojnovi? Dragana

    2005-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Malignant fibrous histiocytoma is most common soft tissue sarcoma occurring in late adult life, most in the extremities and in the retroperitoneum, usually developing in deep fascia or skeletal muscle. Because of the aggressive nature of the tumor early and complete surgical removal is indicated. The overall survival rate of patients with malignant fibrous histiocytoma ranges from 36% to 58% at 5 years. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma in Vojvodina is still rare malignancy either in...

  16. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of rectum: Report of a case

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    Azizi, Rasoul; Mahjoubi, Bahar; Shayanfar, Nasrin; Anaraki, Fakhryalsadat; Zahedi-Shoolami, Leila

    2011-01-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is the most common soft tissue sarcoma of adults, mostly distributed in the thigh, buttock and groin (46%) and presents rarely in the gastrointestinal tract, classified as gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). MFH is regarded as a diagnosis of exclusion, essentially synonymous with an undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma. The recent report presents an 80-year-old man with clinical manifestations of rectal bleeding and final diagnosis of MFH of rectum. It...

  17. Postradiation pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the breast

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A case of primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of the breast occurring two years after surgical excision and radiation therapy for a carcinoma of the left breast is reported. Fine needle aspiration was positive for malignant cells, consistent with a pleomorphic sarcoma. Cytologic examination revealed giant cells with marked pleomorphism. Some cells showed single large nuclei with cytoplasmic vacuoles while others revealed multinucleation with foamy cytoplasm, phagocytosed erythrocytes and cellular debris. These findings are considered useful in the cytologic diagnosis of the pleomorphic variant of MFH

  18. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of rectum: Report of a case.

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    Azizi, Rasoul; Mahjoubi, Bahar; Shayanfar, Nasrin; Anaraki, Fakhryalsadat; Zahedi-Shoolami, Leila

    2011-01-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is the most common soft tissue sarcoma of adults, mostly distributed in the thigh, buttock and groin (46%) and presents rarely in the gastrointestinal tract, classified as gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). MFH is regarded as a diagnosis of exclusion, essentially synonymous with an undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma. The recent report presents an 80-year-old man with clinical manifestations of rectal bleeding and final diagnosis of MFH of rectum. It seems that radical resection and adjuvant radiation is important in the management strategy of a patient with such a rare rectal tumor. PMID:22096699

  19. Adult paratesticular malignant fibrous histiocytoma treated with surgery, systemic chemotherapy and postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy

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    Schmitz Matthew

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Paratesticular malignant fibrous histiocytoma is an extremely rare malignancy of the scrotum. This malignancy has rarely been described in the literature and scant information exists on the optimal management of this cancer. We present here a case of a 57-year-old man with a diagnosis of high-grade malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the left intrascrotal region who underwent radical orchiectomy, systemic chemotherapy and postoperative radiotherapy.

  20. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the lower lip: A case report

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    Pechalova Petia F

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH represents the diagnosis that is still commonly used by both patients and physicians although in 2002., the World Health Organization (WHO declassified MFH as a formal diagnostic entity, renaming it as an undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma not specifying it further. MFH is extremely rare in the oral cavity. The aim of this article was to describe a newly diagnosed case of primary MFH in a 78-year-old male presented after 4-months history of rapidly increasing swelling of lower lip. Histopathology of the lesion showed highly malignant cell infiltration with epithelioid/spindle cell type morphology. Immunohistochemical study was positive for vimentin (++, S-100 protein (++ and negative for desmin and cytokeratin. The authors discussed the possibilities of immunohistochemical study and necessity of individual treatment plan in patients with MFH, comparing their point of view with other studies.

  1. The CT findings of hepatic and pancreatic malignant fibrous histiocytoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study CT manifestations of hepatic and pancreatic malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH). Methods: The CT manifestations were analyzed in two cases of hepatic MFH and one case of pancreatic MFH proved by operation and pathology and the literatures were reviewed. Results: The CT manifestation of MFH was a huge solid or cystic tumor in liver or pancreas. There are separators in solid tumor and wall nodes in the cystic tumor. In scan, the tumor showed peripheral and irregular enhancement. The enhancement pattern was manifested fast-in and slow-out. Conclusion: There was no characteristic CT manifestation in hepatic and pancreatic MFH and the diagnosis was difficult to determine its nature before operation. (authors)

  2. MALIGNANT FIBROUS HISTIOCYTOMA OF THE PENIS A CASE REPORT AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE

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    Tufan Tarcan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Penile malignant fibrous histiocytoma is an extremely rare tumor. To the best of our knowledge, we present here the fifth primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the penis. The patient presented with lung metastasis which initially responded well to systemic chemotherapy with Adriamycin and Ifosfamide, but recurred soon after. The local lesion did not respond to chemotherapy and the patient had to undergo a palliative penectomy. The disease progressed rapidly and the patient died one year after the diagnosis.

  3. Inflammatory Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma Associated with Leukemoid Reaction or Leukocytosis: A Comprehensive Review

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    Jorge Hurtado-Cordovi; Prajwol Pathak; Boris Avezbakiyev; Marianne Frieri

    2012-01-01

    Inflammatory malignant fibrous histiocytoma (IMFH) associated with leukemoid reaction (LR)/leukocytosis is a rare entity. In this paper, we search PubMed for all known cases of IMFH associated with LR/leukocytosis in an attempt to draw conclusions about this variant's response to treatments and its pathophysiology. Medline electronic database was searched using key words such as malignant fibrous histiocytoma, leukemoid reaction, and leukocytosis. A total of 16 patients were found, twelve mal...

  4. Histiocitoma fibroso maligno / Histiocytome fibreux malin / Malignant fibrous histiocytoma

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Hiralio, Collazo Álvarez; Dewar, Torrecilla Silverio; Jorge Luis, Morales Florat; Stephens Yecc, Collazo Marín.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: los sarcomas son tumores malignos de partes blandas que representan 0,7 % de los tumores malignos en general, con una tasa de 3 por cada 100 000. El histiocitoma fibroso maligno resulta un tumor de alto grado incluido en el grupo de los sarcomas de partes blandas. Objetivo: exponer las [...] características citohistológicas, el tratamiento y la evolución de este tumor en un caso estudiado y tratado en el Hospital General Provincial Docente "Roberto Rodríguez Fernández" de Ciego de Ávila. Descripción: se presentó el caso de un varón de 60 años con una gran masa de partes blandas en el muslo izquierdo, de crecimiento progresivo. La masa se trató quirúrgicamente con exéresis en bloque, previos estudios analíticos, arteriografía femoral y ecografía. Conclusiones: el diagnóstico anatomopatológico fue de histiocitoma fibroso maligno variedad pleomórfica; fue remitido al servicio de oncología donde lo trataron con radioterapia. A los 6 meses se encontraba libre de la enfermedad. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura y se analizó su presentación clínica, también los hallazgos histológicos, las pruebas diagnósticas de imagen y el procedimiento terapéutico. Abstract in english Introduction: the sarcomas are soft tissue malignant tumors accounting for the 0.7 % of malignant tumors in general with a rate of 3 by 100 000. The malignant fibrous histiocytoma is a high grade tumor included in the group of soft tissue tumors. Objective: to expose the cytohistologic features, tre [...] atment and course of this tumor in study case and treated in "Roberto Rodríguez Fernández" Teaching Provincial Hospital of Ciego de Avila municipality. Description: this is the case of a male patient aged 60 presenting with an increasing large soft tissue mass in the left thigh. The mass was operated on with block exeresis, analytical previous studies, femoral arteriography and echography. Conclusions: the anatomic and pathologic diagnosis was a malignant fibrous histiocytoma pleomorphous type; the patient was referred to Oncology service where was treated with radiotherapy. At 6 months he was free of disease. A review of literature was performed analyzing its clinical presentation also, its histological findings, the imaging diagnostic test and the therapeutical procedure.

  5. Some epidemiological characteristics of malignant fibrous histiocytoma in the Province of Vojvodina

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    Nikolin Borislava L.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Malignant fibrous histiocytoma is most common soft tissue sarcoma occurring in late adult life, most in the extremities and in the retroperitoneum, usually developing in deep fascia or skeletal muscle. Because of the aggressive nature of the tumor early and complete surgical removal is indicated. The overall survival rate of patients with malignant fibrous histiocytoma ranges from 36% to 58% at 5 years. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma in Vojvodina is still rare malignancy either in incidence or in mortality in both sexes. The population of Vojvodina is about 2 100 000. METHODS: We used a descriptive epidemiological method to analyze incidence and mortality from malignant fibrous histiocytoma in Vojvodina. This study is based on the Cancer Registry data for the ten-year period from 1993 to 2002. RESULTS: During the observed period 37 cases of malignant fibrous histiocytoma were reported (19 men and 18 women. The average age of patients was 50 years. The body site distribution differed between sexes and malignant fibrous histiocytoma was more common on the trunk (retroperitoneum in men and on the lower limbs in women. The average annual incidence rate for the observed period was 1.82 per 1 000 000 for both sexes. The incidence rate changed irregularly over the observed period with the peak of 9 cases (4.55 per 1 000 000 in 2001. The overall linear trends of incidence and of mortality showed a slight increasing tendency in both sexes, but not significantly. Concerning mortality, the similar patterns were noticed. The mortality rate was 0.83 per 1 000 000. CONCLUSION: According to epidemiological data we obtained it can be concluded that Province of Vojvodina is not a region with an important risk for malignant fibrous histiocytoma; however, the increase of incidence appearing in both men and women should be taken into account very seriously in future.

  6. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma originating from the mesorectum: a case report

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    Torigoe Takayuki

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH is a common sarcoma affecting soft tissues of the body, especially of the extremities or trunk. Prognosis of the abdominal MFH is usually poor. Case presentation A 52-year-old female presented to our surgical outpatient clinic with a lower abdominal tumor that had been gradually increasing in size. Clinical examination revealed a firm, irregularly surfaced, fixed, painless, child-head-sized tumor located in her lower abdomen. Computed tomography (CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI of the abdomen revealed a polycystic tumor at the lower abdomen which was 15 × 13 × 11 cm in diameter and encased the colorectum to the left back side. A barium enema and a colonoscopy showed direct invasion to the rectum. In 2001, the tumor had been excised along with a low anterior resection of the rectum because of direct invasion. The origin of this tumor was the mesorectum. The weight of the excised tumor was 1,500 g, including 800 ml of a brown fluid. A histopathological diagnosis revealed a common type of MFH, in which mitotic figures are frequently seen. Conclusion This patient has survived without recurrence, for approximately 8 years since the completed tumor resection. It is important to obtain a complete resection during the MFH treatment.

  7. An adolescent presenting with malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the testis: a case report

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    Wang Lian-Li

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Malignant fibrous histiocytoma is a very common subtype of soft-tissue sarcoma in middle and late adulthood. However, malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the testis is very rare in adolescents. Case presentation We report here the case of a 14-year-old Han Chinese boy, who presented with left scrotal mass lasting for 20 days along with distending pain for 5 days. A physical examination revealed a chicken egg-sized, firm, well-defined mass and unclear epididymis. A B-scan ultrasonography of the left scrotum displayed a 9.0×5.2×4.5cm medium- or low-echoic lobulated mass, which suggested a left testicular neoplasm. A fine needle aspiration cytology examination revealed that the cells obtained from the patient’s testicular neoplasm were composed of myxoid spindle, and ovoid cells with nuclear atypia and mitotic activity, and arranged in a whirlpool or storiform pattern. Under histological examination, the tumor cells were arranged in a storiform pattern, which displayed mucoid matrix degeneration, and grew invasively. Consequently, a histopathological diagnosis suggested myxofibrosarcoma (or myxoid malignant fibrous histiocytoma. Conclusions An ultrasonic examination combined with fine needle aspiration cytology should be helpful for the initial differential diagnosis of testicular malignant fibrous histiocytoma. However, the final confirmation relies on histopathological examination. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the testis in an adolescent.

  8. A Rare Case of Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma/ Pleomorphic Undifferentiated Sarcoma of the Kidney

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    John, Nirmal Thampi; Manojkumar, Ramani

    2015-01-01

    Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma (MFH) usually arises from the extremities with the retroperitoneum being the second most common site. We present the case report of a 58-year-old man presenting with fever and was detected to have a renal mass on evaluation. He underwent a radical nephrectomy with a preoperative diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma. But the final histopathological report was MFH. Primary renal MFH is extremely rare and is usually diagnosed on histopathology with the aid of immunohistochemistry. PMID:25738036

  9. Primary Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Kidney: Report of a Case

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    Nilay ?EN TÜRK

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Primary renal malignant fibrous histiocytoma is extremely rare. The prognosis is generally poor because of the high rate of local recurrence even if radical surgery is performed. We report a case of primary renal malignant fibrous histiocytoma in a 43-year-old woman.A well-defined renal mass (10x9x7cm with lobulated contour was revealed by abdominal ultrasonography and computerized tomography in our patient who presented with left-flank pain. The contralateral kidney and renal functions were normal. No other primary tumor focus was detected by screening performed to exclude a metastasis to the kidney. However, a nodule consistent with metastasis was identified in the liver. The patient underwent left radical nephrectomy. A huge, yellowish-white, partly necrotic neoplasm infiltrating the renal parenchyma, perirenal fat and adrenal tissue was revealed by gross examination. Microscopically, the tumor was composed of pleomorphic spindle to polygonal cells arranged in fascicles and storiform structures with extensive necrosis. Twelve mitotic figures were noted in 10 high power fields. Immunohistochemical staining for vimentin and CD68 were positive whereas pan-cytokeratin, smooth muscle actin, S-100, HMB-45 and desmin were negative. “A pleomorphic type of malignant fibrous histiocytoma” was diagnosed based on both the microscopic and immunohistochemical findings. The patient presented with multiple bilateral lung metastasis three years after nephrectomy.Histopathological examination is essential since malignant fibrous histiocytoma cannot be differentiated clinically and radiologically from other lesions with kidney involvement. The overall prognosis is unfavorable with a recurrence rate of more than 50% and the 5-yearsurvival rate is only 14%.

  10. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma presenting with complete opacification of the hemithorax: A case report

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    Salem, Jean; Shamseddine, Ali; Khalife, Mohamad; Nounou, Ghina El; EL Naaj, Abdallah Abou; Mukherji, Deborah; Haydar, Ali; Faraj, Walid

    2014-01-01

    •Lung sarcoma should not be excluded in young patients with progressive dyspnea.•Radiological studies are extremely important for the early detection as well as the confirmation of the diagnosis of lung sarcoma.•Early work up of progressive dyspnea especially in young healthy patients is vital for early diagnosis, thus definitive treatment.•Patients with suspected primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the lung must be carefully evaluated to rule out a metastatic origin.

  11. CERVICAL ANGIOMATOID FIBROUS HISTIOCYTOMA

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    Mohammad Al Felasi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (AFH is a rare type of sarcoma with low-grade malignancy that usually occurs in young subjects. AFH is uncommon in the head and neck region.Methods: We describe an exceptional case of localization in the neck. This is the first report of a rare variant of AFHpresenting in a 42-year-old woman. The tumor was situated posterior to the carotid artery adhering to the prevertebral plane and invading the sympathetic cervical chain. In this setting, we decided to perform a surgical exploration with frozen section biopsy. The frozen section revealed a fusiform tumor proliferation resembling a sarcoma. A FISH study concluded on the presence of a EWSR1 22q (22 gene rearrangement. Furthermore, the immunohistochemical studyrevealed anti-EMA positive cells. The final pathological description concluded on the presence of an AFH, which wasexcised by surgery alone.Results: After a 2 year follow-up period, the patient is free of disease. Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (AFH is arare sarcoma subtype, and mis diagnosis can lead to its over treatment. A precise description of the pathologicalresponse and a multidisciplinary discussion can lead to a correct decision.Conclusion: AFH is a tumor with local evolution, and surgery is the mainstay of its management. Complete localexcision is recommended to hamper local recurrences.

  12. MRI of malignant fibrous histiocytoma of soft tissue: analysis of 13 cases with pathologic correlation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We reviewed the magnetic resonance (MR) appearances of 13 malignant fibrous histiocytomas (MFH) of soft tissue and correlated each with the respective lesion's histopathology. The MR images were evaluated for signal intensity on T1- and T2-weighted spin echo sequences, homogeneity of the lesion, presence of internal low signal septations, and margin definition. Histologic subtypes of MFH included storiform-pleomorphic, giant cell, myxoid, and inflammatory. We could not establish a correlation between MR appearance and histopathology. Instead, our series exhibited general features suggestive of malignant soft tissue neoplasms, namely poor margin definition, internal low signal septation, and heterogeneous high signal intensity on T2-weighted images. (orig.)

  13. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma following radiation therapy and chemotherapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) originates from primitive mesenchymal cells and has the capacity for dual differentiation into histiocytes and fibroblasts. MFH occurring as a secondary malignancy following radiochemotherapy is rare and its exact incidence is not yet known. Here we report a case of a 42-year-old man who developed MFH in his right knee over a period of more than 10 years after radio (44 Gy)-chemotherapy to treat Hodgkin's lymphoma. After the diagnosis the patient did not return and was lost to follow-up. This is a rare case with unusual presentation, and it highlights the importance of the awareness and prevention of such secondary tumors. (author)

  14. Bone and gallium scan findings in malignant fibrous histiocytoma. Case report with radiographic and pathologic correlation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is the most common soft tissue malignancy in adults. The Ga-67 citrate scan findings of an extremity-located MFH, the most common location of this neoplasm, have never been published in English language journals to the best of the authors' knowledge. Ga-67 citrate and Tc-99m MDP scans of the thigh mass accurately depicted the tumor's local extent, including the presence of central ischemic necrosis within the tumor, and the absence of adjacent osseous involvement and distant metastases, as correlated with computed tomography, angiography, and pathologic examinations

  15. Clinical characteristics of the primary hepatic malignant fibrous histiocytoma in China: case report and review of the literature

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    Yao Dianbo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A malignant fibrous histiocytoma is a soft tissue tumor that most commonly occurs in the extremities, but rarely involves the liver. The clinical characteristics and therapeutic experiences of primary hepatic malignant fibrous histiocytoma are still limited. Methods Two cases of primary hepatic malignant fibrous histiocytoma were analyzed retrospectively, and all the literature concerning primary hepatic malignant fibrous histiocytoma was analyzed. Results In China, a total of 76 cases had been reported, among which 50 were men, with a male to female ratio of 1.9:1. Mean age of the patients was 51.0 years old, and more than 85 percent were older than 40 years. 82.9 percent (63/76 of hepatic MFH were solitary lesions, with tumor size ranging from 2.5 to 23.5 cm (average 10.3 cm. Major clinical presentation (78.4% was abdominal pain or discomfort, accompanied with some other non-specific symptoms such as malaise, anorexia, weight loss, jaundice and fever, and small cases (14.9% were asymptomatic. Computed tomography and ultrasound usually revealed the location of lesions. The rate of pre-operative misdiagnosis was extremely high, and 14.9 percent of patients were even misdiagnosed as a benign liver cyst, liver abscess or hematoma. Integrated resection was performed among the most cases (49/68, among which only a few ones (12 cases were introduced to have no recurrence or metastasis or be still alive with no detail information provided, while among the cases with palliative operation or only a biopsy, the cases that were followed-up all died. Conclusions Hepatic malignant fibrous histiocytoma is a rare malignant mesenchymal tumor. The variable features of clinical presentations and images make the diagnosis difficult. Though the prognosis of primary hepatic malignant fibrous histiocytoma was rather poor, integrated resection might provide a few cases a good opportunity for surviving, suggesting that surgery might be an effective treatment.

  16. Pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma/undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma of the glans penis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seo, Ill Young; Oh, Tae Hoon; Chuluun, Sarantulga; Choi, Keum Ha

    2013-01-01

    Primary sarcoma of the penis has an extremely low incidence, and its diagnosis and treatment are unclear. A 55-year-old man presented with an oval-shaped mass of the glans penis, which was treated by a wide excision. The pathologic result revealed an undifferentiated high-grade sarcoma, which was diagnosed as a pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma/undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma based on the World Health Organization classification. There was no recurrence at the12-months postoperative follow-up. PMID:24475005

  17. Post-radiation malignant fibrous histiocytoma following treatment of breast cancer: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Min, Jun Won; Lee, Won Ae; Kim, You Me [Dankook University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-10-15

    Post-radiation malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of the breast is extremely rare. We report a case of post-radiation MFH that presented a rapidly growing mass in a 52-year-old woman who underwent breast-conserving therapy and adjuvant whole breast irradiation 6 years ago. To the best of our knowledge, only one case of primary MFH of the female breast have been reported with sonographic findings. We analyzed the sonographic and MRI findings with correlative histopathologic features, and then confirmed with surgical excision.

  18. Imaging Findings of Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Breast: A Case Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is the most common soft tissue sarcoma encountered during adulthood, but the breast is not a common site of involvement for MFH. Several investigators have reported the histopathological and biological features of a MFH involving the breast, but only a few reports have focused on the imaging findings of breast MFHs. To emphasize the importance of arriving at a preoperative diagnosis for the treatment implications, we report here the imaging findings, including the mammography, US and MRI findings, for a MFH of the breast of a 53-year-old woman who presented with a rapid growing huge mass in the right breast

  19. Imaging Findings of Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Breast: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Ji Na; Kook, Shin Ho; Kwag, Hyoun Joo; Choi, Yoon Jung; Sohn, Jin Hee; Park, Yong Lai [Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Jin Hyo [You and Me Surgery, Jeonju (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-03-15

    A malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is the most common soft tissue sarcoma encountered during adulthood, but the breast is not a common site of involvement for MFH. Several investigators have reported the histopathological and biological features of a MFH involving the breast, but only a few reports have focused on the imaging findings of breast MFHs. To emphasize the importance of arriving at a preoperative diagnosis for the treatment implications, we report here the imaging findings, including the mammography, US and MRI findings, for a MFH of the breast of a 53-year-old woman who presented with a rapid growing huge mass in the right breast.

  20. Post-radiation malignant fibrous histiocytoma following treatment of breast cancer: A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Post-radiation malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of the breast is extremely rare. We report a case of post-radiation MFH that presented a rapidly growing mass in a 52-year-old woman who underwent breast-conserving therapy and adjuvant whole breast irradiation 6 years ago. To the best of our knowledge, only one case of primary MFH of the female breast have been reported with sonographic findings. We analyzed the sonographic and MRI findings with correlative histopathologic features, and then confirmed with surgical excision.

  1. Postradiation malignant fibrous histiocytoma of bone. A clinicopathologic study of 20 patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Among the 130 primary or secondary malignant fibrous histiocytomas of bone diagnosed and treated at Memorial Hospital for Cancer and Allied Diseases during the previous half century, 20 (15.4%) arose as a direct consequence of irradiation. This type is the commonest secondary osseous malignant fibrous histiocytoma at this institution. It affects the ilium, the scapula, and the distal end of the femur most frequently, predominantly in patients whose age peaks in the fifth decade of life, when their sarcomas developed. Grounds for the irradiation were either nonosseous conditions (13 patients) or preexistent skeletal lesions (seven patients). Reasons for the incidental bone irradiation included Hodgkin's disease; carcinoma of cervix, breast, or lung; bilateral retinoblastoma, and others; giant cell tumors predominated among the irradiated skeletal lesions. The mean and the median radiation doses were 6,040 and 5,700 rads, respectively. The latent period between irradiation and the appearance of the bone sarcoma ranged from 4 to 47 years with a mean of 16.5 and a median of 14.5 years, respectively. The cumulative disease-free survival rate at 3 years was 58%. Although all patients who received their radiation therapy for a preexistent bone lesion survived, only 27% of patients whose bone was normal at the time of irradiation are alive and well at the 3-year mark

  2. Report of a Rare Case of Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Mandible

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    Fatemeh Ahmadi-Motamayel

    Full Text Available Introduction: Malignent Fibrous Histiocytoma (MFH is the most frequent soft tissue sarcoma of adulthood. The most common sites affected by MFH are limbs, orbit, retroperitoneum, pelvis and knee. Oral cavity and mandible involvements are very rare. Case Report: A 35-year-old male was visited in the oral medicine department of Hamadan dental school with the chief complaint of pain and teeth mobility. The patient also had a history of paresthesia in lower lip for two monthes. In intraoral examination, there was a crater like, deep and disseminated ulcer in lower buccal and ligual gingiva of right mandibular teeth and exophitic lesion with smooth surface, and color similar to normal mucosa with 2×2×3 cm in diameter in buccal and lingual part of right lateral and central teeth extended to left second premolar was observed. Gingival resorption was observed in all adjascent teeth. There was radiolucency with irregular border in all part of lesion. MFH was confirmed by histopathological report.Conclusion: The most common complaint of patients with malignant fibrous histiocytoma is the growing mass that could be ulcerative or painful. Early diagnosis and referral is very important in prognosis and survival of the patients.

  3. Giant malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the testis/spermatic cord: psychologic and possible etiologic complications of unethical Nazi medical experimentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staiman, V R; O'Toole, K M; Rubin, M A; Lowe, F C

    1996-12-01

    This case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the testis/spermatic cord was found in a Holocaust survivor who was injected with an unknown substance in the left testicle while in Auschwitz concentration camp in 1943. Because malignant fibrous histiocytoma is a neoplasm rarely found in this location, with only 26 previously reported cases, a review of this entity was performed. A review of Nazi medical practices in the literature and through the Holocaust Museum research department was undertaken in an attempt to ascertain identification of the unknown substance injected into this patient; however, exact identification of the Auschwitz experiment or experimenter could not be determined. A left radical orchiectomy was performed, and subsequent histolopathologic review revealed a well-encapsulated 27 x 22 x 17-cm malignant fibrous histiocytoma. The left testis was not clearly identified due to necrosis of the tumor. This is the largest malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the spermatic cord/testis recorded in the literature to date. Based on the unusual location and size, the intratesticular injection probably contributed to the tumor development and certainly caused the patient's delay in seeking medical treatment. PMID:8973684

  4. Adrenal metastases in a post-radiation malignant fibrous histiocytoma after low-dose radiation for a benign condition

    OpenAIRE

    Ganesan, Prasanth; Kaushal, Seema; Thulkar, Sanjay; Bakhshi, Sameer

    2013-01-01

    A 29-year-old male presented with an aggressive malignant fibrous histiocytoma of his leg 14 years after he had received low-dose radiation to the area for a benign indication. The other unusual feature of this case was the large unilateral adrenal metastasis. We describe this very rare presentation of sarcoma and briefly review the relevant literature.

  5. Pseudoaneurysm and ilio-caval fistula caused by malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the aorta - CT diagnosis and angiographic confirmation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report a case of a malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of the aortic bifurcation, which manifested as a pseudoaneurysm with the formation of an ilio-caval fistula, a complication about which, to our knowledge, nothing has been published previously. Spiral CT, catheter arteriography and venography were complementary in the diagnostic procedure. (orig.)

  6. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma/undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma of the penis. A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report the case of a malignant fibrous histiocytoma/undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (MFH/UPS) of the penis in a 78-years-old-man who had undergone previous radical prostatectomy, external beam radiation therapy for prostatic adenocarcinoma. The mass was a 9-cm firm lesion at the base of the penis predominantly composed of malignant spindle cells arranged in sweeping fascicles and storiform pattern. The tumor cells stained for vimentin, ?-smooth muscle actin, S-100, and were negative for keratin, desmin, Melan A, prostate specific antigen (PSA). Despite total penectomy, he developed a local reccurence 4 months after surgery, and died from dissemination 6 months after surgery. This is the 8th case of penile MFH/UPS. (author)

  7. BENIGN FIBROUS HISTIOCYTOMA OF SUBMANDIBULAR SPACE

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    Pradipta Kumar Parida

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Benign fibrous histiocytoma is a benign tumor composed of a mixture of fibroblastic and histiocytic cells. Based on the location of these tumors are usually divided into cutaneous types and those involving deep tissues. Non-cutaneous benign FH represents approximately 1% of all benign FH lesions. The diagnosis of benign fibrous histiocytoma located in the deeper tissues is clinically difficult and is confirmed histopathologically after excision. The most important diagnostic distinction is the separation of this tumor from aggressive forms of fibrohistiocytic neoplasms like dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans and malignant fibrous histiocytoma. A 45 -year-old male presented to us with a firm, painless swelling in the right submandibular area. After detailed clinical and laboratory examinations, the lesion was excised in toto under general anesthesia,and histopathology revealed it to be a benign fibrous histiocytoma.

  8. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the urinary bladder as a post-radiation secondary cancer: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nimmanon Thirayost

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Malignant fibrous histiocytomas have been periodically reported as the primary tumor in various organs including the urinary bladder, and is the second most frequent sarcoma of the urinary tract in adults. This report discusses a case of the well established diagnosis of a malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the bladder occurring as a post-radiation cancer after the treatment of a cervical carcinoma. Our findings support those of many previous studies and make the view of the nature of the disease clearer. Case presentation We report the case of a 54-year-old Thai woman who had been treated with radiation therapy for cervical cancer, who presented to our facility with urinary incontinence. Initially, our patient was diagnosed as having a high-grade urothelial carcinoma. Subsequent radical surgery rendered the final pathological diagnosis, confirmed histologically and immunohistochemically as malignant fibrous histiocytoma, with clinical and pathological staging of T4b N0 M0. Adjuvant chemotherapy was provided for our patient. Conclusions This type of malignancy is very aggressive and easily misdiagnosed due to its rarity. Therefore, in a patient with a prior history of irradiation in the pelvic area, this should be considered as a differential diagnosis to ensure early correct diagnosis and treatment.

  9. CyberKnife radiotherapy for malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the chest wall: A case report and review of the literature

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Zhen; Wu, Xin-hu; Li, Bing; Kong, Qing-tao; Shen, Ze-tian; Li, Jing; Liu, Zhi-bing; Zhu, Xi-xu

    2014-01-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is the most common type of soft tissue sarcoma, but rarely originates in the chest wall. Surgical resection is considered to be the most reliable treatment, however, no consensus has been reached concerning the best treatment for unresectable MFH. The current study presents the case of a 77-year-old male with MFH of the chest wall. The patient developed a painless mass and intermittent fever over a four-month period. A computed tomography scan demonstrated...

  10. Radiation-induced malignant fibrous histiocytoma: a report of five cases including two occurring post whole brain irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Five patients who were successfully treated with external radiation therapy for a variety of histologically unrelated tumors subsequently developed malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) within the irradiated field. It is suggested that therapeutic irradiation was a causative factor in the development of these tumors with latent periods ranging between 3 and 17 years. A review of the pertinent literature is presented. It is apparent that postradiation MFH is being recognized with increasing frequency and at an earlier age than when it appears de novo

  11. Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Maxilla-Report of A case

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma(MFH) of the maxilla is a rare malignant bone tumor. Seven percents of all MFH occur in the head and neck. Approximately 12% of these tumors occur in the maxilla. Local recurrence or distant metastasis was reported in 55% of cases of maxillary MFH. The mean survival time of 30 months was reported from a review of 14 MFHs in the masxilla, mandible and oral soft tissues. MFH of the maxilla is best treated surgically but radical neck dissection dose not appear to be indicated unless there is clinical evidence of lymph node metastases. Although the use of radiation therapy for head and neck MFH has not been studied for a series of cases, individual cases of regression or histological change have been reported. Other authors have reported numbers of cases who received radiation therapy without benefit. Response to combination chemotherapy has been reported in 33% of 23 patients with recurrent or metastatic MFH. We report here a case of MFH occurring in the maxilla with a review of literature about the clinical behavior and treatment of these lesions

  12. Chemically induced transplantable malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the rat. Analyses with immunohistochemistry, immunoelectron microscopy and [3H]thymidine autoradiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma was produced in rats by injection of 9,10-dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene into their knee joints. The original tumors consisted mainly of fibroblast-like cells and histiocyte-like cells, often intermixed with bizarre giant cells, and they frequently showed the storiform-pleomorphic pattern. By immunohistochemistry, anti-rat macrophage monoclonal antibodies, TRPM-3, RM-1, and Ki-M2R, and anti-rat leukocyte common antigen reacted to the histiocyte-like cells but not to the fibroblast-like cells. By the single cell cloning method, we established six tumor cell lines, none of which reacted with the anti-rat macrophage monoclonal antibodies, possessed any Fc receptors, or conducted immune phagocytosis and Latex particle phagocytosis. The ultrastructure of the cloned tumor cells resembled that of long-term cultured dermal fibroblasts. Collagen production by the tumor cells was demonstrated immunohistochemically with a monoclonal antibody for type I collagen. Inoculation of the cloned tumor cells into rats produced tumors with the histology of malignant fibrous histiocytoma and induced prominent macrophage infiltration. In the rat tumors produced by the inoculation of [3H]thymidine labeled cells, no reactivity of tumor cells with the anti-rat macrophage monoclonal antibodies was observed. Transplantation of the cultured rat tumor cells into nude mice produced tumors similar in histology to the original rat malignant fibrous histiocytoma. Tumor cellmalignant fibrous histiocytoma. Tumor cells in nude mice induced marked macrophage infiltration as detected by immunohistochemistry with the anti-mouse macrophage monoclonal antibody F4/80. No differentiation of tumor cells into macrophages was detected, since no cells were stained with biotinylated anti-rat macrophage monoclonal antibody TRPM-3

  13. Simultaneous Occurrence of Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Ureter and Dioctophyma Renale Infection: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Hye Young; Seo, Jung Wook; Lee, Byung Hoon; Lee, Ji Young; Kim, Su Young; Cha, Soon Joo; Kim, Yong Hoon; Hwang, Yoon Joon; Kim, You Sung [Dept. of Radiology, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Goyang (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-03-15

    A common soft-tissue tumor, malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) occurs in mainly limbs, retroperitoneal and peritoneal space, and occurrence in kidneys or the ureter is very rare. Dioctophyma renale (D. renale) since first discovered in dog's kidney was found in the kidneys of animals such as mink, coyote and weasel, and human infection has only been reported in only approximately 20 cases worldwide. MFH of the ureter and D. renale infection very rarely occur in humans, and has not been reported in our country. Here, we described the case of an adult man in whom MFH of the ureter simultaneously occurred with D. renale infection. An initial CT scan showed a well-defined, persistent, enhancing polypoid mass-like lesion in the upper ureter. After 10 months, D. renale was excreted in the urine and a follow-up CT scan showed an increase in the size of that lesion and irregular thickening of the ureter wall. The diagnosis of MFH was pathologically verified.

  14. Abdominal malignant fibrous histiocytoma infiltrating stomach with Chilaiditi's sign manifestation (a rare case report).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nurdjanah, Siti; Bayupurnama, Putut; Maduseno, Sutanto; Ratnasari, Neneng

    2007-01-01

    The incidence and mortality rate of gastric cancer are decreasing within last 60 years. Approximately 85% of gastric cancer is carcinoma where as the rest 15% is lymphoma and sarcoma. Leiomyosarcoma is the most frequently encountered sarcoma in stomach and represents 1-3% gastric cancer. This tumor is frequently located in the anterior and posterior wall of gastric fundus accompanied by ulceration and bleeding. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is a soft tissue tumor with poor prognosis, rarely found in stomach. This tumor is most frequently originated from inner fascia or skeletal muscle (58-75%) and most frequently happen in the peritoneal cavity and abdomen (9-16 %). We reported a 45-year-old woman with abdominal MFH which infiltrated to the lesser curvature of stomach with Chilaiditi sign. Chilaiditi sign is a condition of intestine disposition (usually at the hepatic flexure of colon) which lies between liver and diagfragma, found in 0.1 ? 0.25% cases which is diagnosed by chest X Ray. This case is a very rare case. PMID:17684443

  15. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the oral and maxillofacial region: a report of three cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is a pleomorphic soft tissue sarcoma. Three cases of MFH were reported in our study. The first case involved in the right infratemporal fossa of a 32-year-old female was presented. MR imaging revealed a 5.0 x 3.3 cm soft tissue mass of inhomogeneous high signal intensity. The second caes was found in the right hard palate of a 66-year-old male. CT demonstrated bone destruction and MR imaging showed a 4 x 4 cm sized soft tissue mass of heterogeneous high signal intensity. The final case was found in the left masticator space of a 37-year-old male. The CT image showed a large mass with massive bone destruction of the left mandibular ramus, while the MRI displayed a soft tissue mass, 8 cm diameter. Our cases exhibited the general features of MFH. MRI is essential in the imaging of MFH, namely to depict tumor borders and demonstrate relationships with adjacent structures.

  16. [Prognostic significance of the clinical x-ray and morphological signs in malignant fibrous histiocytoma of bone].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrovichev, N N; Khmelev, O N; Annamukhamedov, A; Dvorova, E K

    1987-01-01

    Forty-four cases of malignant fibrous histiocytoma were studied. A new index for patients' survival prognosis was developed and defined as a tumor growth rate. It is a ratio of maximal tumor size and duration of disease. Eight clinical x-ray and morphological factors of prognosis were identified: duration of disease, clinical manifestations, size and roentgenologic type of tumor, pattern of tumor contours, status of the cortical layer in bone lesions, tumor growth rate and morphologic grade of malignancy. A multifactorial analysis was carried out and data were presented in tables. Values of each parameter were calculated. PMID:2827391

  17. Thermoradiotherapy in the treatment of soft-tissue malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the extremities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    From 1982 through 1989, five patients with soft-tissue malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of the extremities were treated with thermoradiotherapy in Kyoto University Hospital. All patients were male, and their ages ranged from 66 to 84 years. All of the tumors were locally recurrent ones following initial treatments. The initial treatments included wide excision followed by chemotherapy in one tumor, local excision with postoperative radiotherapy (60 Gy/2 Gy) in one tumor, and one to three times of local excision in the remaining three tumors. Hyperthermia was administered by an 8 MHz RF capacitive heating device or a 430 MHz microwave hyperthermia system for a total of 3 to 12 sessions (mean: 7 sessions). The total radiation dose ranged from 25 Gy to 70 Gy. regarding the tumor response, two tumors showed complete regression (CR), two showed no response (NR; less than 50% regression), and one tumor was resected 4 months after the treatment, in which no malignant tumor cells were detected by histological examination. Thus, good tumor response was obtained in three tumors. In addition, none of these tumors have shown recurrence in the follow up period of 4 to 36 months (mean: 15 months). CT scans performed after thermoradiotherapy demonstrated remarkable intratumor low density area in effectively heated tumors, and this CT change was useful to evaluate the initial effects of thermoradiotherapy. No serious complications associated with the combined treatment were notedted with the combined treatment were noted in this study. These results suggest that hyperthermia is a useful adjuvant to radiotherapy in the treatment of soft-tissue MFH of the extremities. (author)

  18. Case report 525: Benign fibrous histiocytoma (BFH) of thumb

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A case was presented of benign fibrous histiocytoma (BFH) involving the distal phalanx of the thumb, a location heretofore not described in the literature. The distinction between BFH and other lesions (e.g. non-ossifying fibroma) was considered in depth. The distinction between benign and malignant fibrous histiocytoma was also described. (orig.)

  19. Postirradiation malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the lung. Demonstration of alpha 1-antitrypsin-like material in neoplastic cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chowdhury, L.N.; Swerdlow, M.A.; Jao, W.; Kathpalia, S.; Desser, R.K.

    1980-12-01

    A metastasizing fibrous histiocytoma arising in the lung of a patient who received radiation therapy and long-term chemotherapy for malignant lymphoma is presented. Ultrastructural studies revealed fibroblast-like and histiocyte-like cells, cells of intermediate type showing ultrastructural features of both fibroblast-like and histiocyte-like cells, primitive mesenchymal cells, multinucleate tumor cells, and xanthomatous cells. The neoplastic cells showed dilated rough endoplasmic reticula with intracisternal accumulation of electron-dense material forming lattice-like structures. Direct immunofluorescence staining of the neoplastic cells using antihuman alpha 1-antitrypsin showed specific activity, with fluorescent deposits exhibiting interlacing globular formations. These findings and their implications are discussed.

  20. Postirradiation malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the lung. Demonstration of alpha 1-antitrypsin-like material in neoplastic cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A metastasizing fibrous histiocytoma arising in the lung of a patient who received radiation therapy and long-term chemotherapy for malignant lymphoma is presented. Ultrastructural studies revealed fibroblast-like and histiocyte-like cells, cells of intermediate type showing ultrastructural features of both fibroblast-like and histiocyte-like cells, primitive mesenchymal cells, multinucleate tumor cells, and xanthomatous cells. The neoplastic cells showed dilated rough endoplasmic reticula with intracisternal accumulation of electron-dense material forming lattice-like structures. Direct immunofluorescence staining of the neoplastic cells using antihuman alpha 1-antitrypsin showed specific activity, with fluorescent deposits exhibiting interlacing globular formations. These findings and their implications are discussed

  1. A new complication of retained surgical gauze: development of malignant fibrous histiocytoma – report of a case with a literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaplan Mehmet

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Primary visceral malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH is a rare disease, and few cases have been reported in the English literature. However, retained foreign bodies in the abdomen after surgical procedures are important causes of intra-abdominal infections. For legal and ethical reasons, there are few publications in the literature. In this article, we describe for the first time a case of malign abdominal fibrous histiocytoma associated with a surgical sponge forgotten in the abdominal cavity a long time ago. Case presentation A 64-year-old male presented to our surgical department with cachexia, abdominal pain, distention and pyrexia of unknown origin. He had a medical history of abdominal surgery for peptic ulcer perforation 32?years ago. Clinical examination revealed fever with a distended and painful abdominal wall. Radiological imaging of the abdomen showed multiple heterogeneous masses in one large cystic cavityalmost completely filling the abdomen. The patient underwent a laparotomy, and interestingly, opening the cyst revealed retained surgical gauze (RSG. The origin of the tumor was the visceral peritoneum, and it was excised totally. Conclusions Primary intra-abdominal MFH can present as a complication of long-lasting RSG. Therefore, clinicians must remember this while establishing the differential diagnosis for patients with a history of previous abdominal surgery and presenting with symptoms associated with both the tumor and systemic inflammatory response.

  2. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the deep peri-articular tissue of the stifle in a dog : case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.J. Booth

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available A Belgian shepherd dog aged 4 years and 9 months was presented with acute onset of non-weight bearing lameness and stifle effusion of the left hind limb, caused by the deep form of a malignant fibrous histiocytoma originating in the deep musculature and fascia surrounding the stifle joint. The tumour progressed rapidly in the tissues along the femoral diaphysis with marked periosteal new bone formation. Cytology of a stifle joint aspirate revealed numerous large polygonal neoplastic cells with considerable anisocytosis and anisokaryosis. These cells were present in clusters, with cytoplasmic projections between the cells, but occasionally also occurred singly. Several cells contained multiple cytoplasmic vacuoles and occasional giant cells were also encountered. Adequate tumour-free margins were not possible with radical limb amputation and the dog was euthanased. Macroscopically the tumour appeared as an extensive pale tan, firm mass with scattered small haemorrhages and foci of yellow discolouration. Histologically the tumour consisted of dense neoplastic expanses or multiple nodules, composed of spindle-shaped fibroblastic cells, polygonal histiocytic cells or cell clusters and scattered giant cells with 2-3 nuclei. The polygonal neoplastic cells were frequently present around and invading lymphatics and blood vessels, causing neoplastic emboli. This is the 1st report of the clinical behaviour, radiography and cytology of the deep form of malignant fibrous histiocytoma in the dog.

  3. An adult patient who developed malignant fibrous histiocytoma 9 years after radiation therapy for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 24-year-old Japanese man with a history of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, which occurred during childhood, developed malignant fibrous histiocytoma of his left knee. His past history revealed that he had undergone leukemic blast cell invasion of the left knee and subsequent radiation therapy 9 years ago. The total radiation doses for the upper part of the left tibia and the lower part of the left femur were 60 Gy and 40 Gy, respectively. Neither distant metastasis nor a relapse of leukemia occurred. A curative resection of the left femur with a noninvasive margin was performed. Adjuvant chemotherapy including high-dose methotrexate was given successfully before and after surgery; this was followed by relapse-free survival for 3 years. The nature of postirradiation malignant fibrous histiocytoma is highly aggressive. When a patient complains of persistent symptoms in a previously irradiated field, the possibility of this tumor must be taken into account. The importance of early diagnosis cannot be over-emphasized. (author)

  4. Postirradiation malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the lung. Demonstration of alpha 1-antitrypsin-like material in neoplastic cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chowdhury, L N; Swerdlow, M A; Jao, W; Kathpalia, S; Desser, R K

    1980-12-01

    A metastasizing fibrous histiocytoma arising in the lung of a patient who received radiation therapy and long-term chemotherapy for malignant lymphoma is presented. Ultrastructural studies revealed fibroblast-like and histiocyte-like cells, cells of intermediate type showing ultrastructural features of both fibroblast-like and histiocyte-like cells, primitive mesenchymal cells, multinucleate tumor cells, and xanthomatous cells. The neoplastic cells showed dilated rough endoplasmic reticula with intracisternal accumulation of electron-dense material forming lattice-like structures. Direct immunofluorescence staining of the neoplastic cells using antihuman alpha 1-antitrypsin showed specific activity, with fluorescent deposits exhibiting interlacing globular formations. These findings and their implications are discussed. PMID:6255791

  5. Histiocitoma fibroso maligno de orofaringe: Resección y reconstrucción con colgajo fasciocutáneo radial / Malignant oropharyngeal fibrous histiocytoma: Resection and radial reconstruction with fasciocutaneous flap

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    L., García Monleón; J., Acero Sanz; Á. del, Amo Fernández de Velasco; S., Ochandiano Caicoya; J., López de Atalaya; C., Navarro Vila.

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available El histiocitoma fibroso maligno se reconoce como el sarcoma de tejidos blandos más frecuente de la edad adulta, aunque su localización en faringe no es usual habiéndose recogido en la literatura científica tan solo 6 casos en esta localización. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con un histiocitoma [...] fibroso maligno en orofaringe de gran tamaño, al que se le realizó una resección con amplios márgenes y la reconstrucción del defecto con un colgajo fasciocutáneo radial. Discutiremos a raíz del caso la epidemiología, manifestaciones clínicas, incidencia de metástasis, histopatología, factores pronósticos y tratamiento de este tipo de tumores. Abstract in english Malignant fibrous histiocytoma is recognized as the most common soft-tissue sarcoma in adults, although its location in the pharynx is unusual. Only 6 cases of the pharynx have been reported in the scientific literature. We report the case of a patient with a large malignant fibrous histiocytoma in [...] the oropharynx. The tumor was resected with generous margins and the defect was reconstructed with a radial fasciocutaneous flap. The epidemiology, clinical manifestations, incidence of metastases, histopathology, prognostic factors and treatment of malignant fibrous histiocytoma are discussed in relation to this case.

  6. Fibro-histiocitoma maligno da pálpebra: relato de caso Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the eyelid: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Carolina Toledo Dias; Luciano de Sousa Pereira; Lílian Midori Sameshima; Frederico Augusto Costa Reis; José Vital Filho

    2009-01-01

    Os fibro-histiocitomas representam 1% das massas orbitárias e podem ser histologicamente classificados em benignos, localmente agressivos e malignos - os últimos representando aproximadamente 11% do total. Nesse estudo, os autores descrevem um caso raro de fibro-histiocitoma maligno de pálpebra, ressaltando as características clínicas e histopatológicas desta neoplasia.Fibrous histiocytomas represent 1% of all orbital masses and may be classified into benign, locally aggressive and mali...

  7. A rare clinical presentation of a malignant fibrous histiocytoma within the iliopsoas muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammouche, Salah; Mohammed, Imran; Maheswaran, Tina; Douds, Andrew

    2010-01-01

    Primary malignant tumours of the iliopsoas compartment are rare clinical entities that are infrequently reported in the literature. Although presenting symptoms vary, this is a very uncommon report of referred pain to the groin and testicular region in a psoas muscle tumour. PMID:20056053

  8. [Malignant fibrous histiocytoma with giant cells of the skin. Anatomoclinical and immunohistochemical study of a case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouziani, A; Ben Ayed, M; Kamoun, N; Zermani, R; Marrak, H; Hajri, S; De Saint-Maur, P

    1992-01-01

    The authors report a case of malignant giant cell soft tissue tumor which appeared as a skin tumor of the thigh in a Tunisian women aged 17 years. Immunohistochemical study showed that the giant cells recognized KP1 antibody, while spindle interstitial cells reacted with anti-factor XIIIa antibody. The patient is alive and well eighteen months after large surgical removal. Two similar cases have been reported in the literature. Differential diagnosis, histogenesis and prognosis of this rare tumor are discussed. PMID:1338182

  9. Establishment of a new human pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma cell line, FU-MFH-2: molecular cytogenetic characterization by multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization and comparative genomic hybridization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isayama Teruto

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH is one of the most frequent malignant soft tissue tumors in adults. Despite the considerable amount of research on MFH cell lines, their characterization at a molecular cytogenetic level has not been extensively analyzed. Methods and results We established a new permanent human cell line, FU-MFH-2, from a metastatic pleomorphic MFH of a 72-year-old Japanese man, and applied multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization (M-FISH, Urovysion™ FISH, and comparative genomic hybridization (CGH for the characterization of chromosomal aberrations. FU-MFH-2 cells were spindle or polygonal in shape with oval nuclei, and were successfully maintained in vitro for over 80 passages. The histological features of heterotransplanted tumors in severe combined immunodeficiency mice were essentially the same as those of the original tumor. Cytogenetic and M-FISH analyses displayed a hypotriploid karyotype with numerous structural aberrations. Urovysion™ FISH revealed a homozygous deletion of the p16INK4A locus on chromosome band 9p21. CGH analysis showed a high-level amplification of 9q31-q34, gains of 1p12-p34.3, 2p21, 2q11.2-q21, 3p, 4p, 6q22-qter, 8p11.2, 8q11.2-q21.1, 9q21-qter, 11q13, 12q24, 15q21-qter, 16p13, 17, 20, and X, and losses of 1q43-qter, 4q32-qter, 5q14-q23, 7q32-qter, 8p21-pter, 8q23, 9p21-pter, 10p11.2-p13, and 10q11.2-q22. Conclusion The FU-MFH-2 cell line will be a particularly useful model for studying molecular pathogenesis of human pleomorphic MFH.

  10. Deep benign fibrous histiocytoma: computed tomography and histology findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present the computed tomography images of an 83-year-old male patient with a deep benign fibrous histiocytoma at the lateral aspect of the left leg. Computed tomography images showed a well-defined mass with marked peripheral enhancement by iodinated contrast medium. Only few reports of this rare soft tissue tumor can be found in the literature. (author)

  11. Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma in a 25-year-old male

    OpenAIRE

    David Dingli; Haddock, Michael G.; Shives, Thomas C.; Stafford, Scott L; Brenda Larson; Aaron Scott Mansfield

    2010-01-01

    Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (AFH) is a rare disease that is often misdiagnosed initially. Patients can present with a clinical picture concerning for other diseases, and pathologic review is not always revealing. Molecular diagnostics are increasingly being utilized to detect gene fusions characteristic for AFH. Surgery remains the mainstay of management, and can effectively control local recurrences and metastases. Herein we describe a case report of a 25-year-old gentleman whose presen...

  12. Fibroistiocitoma angiomatóide com metástase ao diagnóstico: relato de caso e revisão da literatura Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma presenting metastasis: case report and literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Thaís Heinke; Marcello Franco; Maria Teresa de Seixas Alves; Lucila Böhme Pellacani; Ângela Navarro Gordan; Antonio Sérgio Petrilli

    2004-01-01

    O fibroistiocitoma maligno variante angiomatóide constitui entidade rara e geradora de controvérsia, especialmente quanto a sua histogênese. Apresenta como peculiaridades o acometimento preferencial da faixa etária pediátrica e o comportamento biológico indolente, tendo baixas taxas de metastatização. No presente caso, paciente feminina de 6 anos apresentou, em decorrência de lesão em extremidade inferior, metástase linfonodal inguinal.Angiomatoid malignant fibrous histiocytoma is a rare and ...

  13. Case report 503: 1. Giant cell tumor of sacrum. 2. Fibrous histiocytoma of ischium (benign). 3. Fibrous histiocytoma of tibia (benign)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radiological and pathological skeletal manifestations in a case of multicentric fibrohistiocytic tumor are presented. The authors have emphasized a possible common histiogenesis of the three lesions. In a review of the world literature, no other example of a giant-cell tumor of bone and benign fibrous histiocytoma in one and the same patient could be found, but references must be made to cases with multifocal giant-cell tumors of bone. Of interest, recently reports of experiences with intralesionally excised giant cell tumors with temporary methacrylate implantation lowering local recurrence rates have appeared. (orig.)

  14. Malignant Fibrous Histiocytosis of upper end of humerus- A Case Report

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    Sawarbandhe Sarang D1, and Arun Kumar Rao2

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Malignant fibrous histiocytoma, a type of sarcoma, is a malignant neoplasm ofuncertain originthat arises both in soft tissue and bone. Here we report a case ofMalignant Fibrous Histiocytosis (MFH of upper end of left humerus .Even though there are many cases of MFH reported in the bone, the incidencein upper end of humerus is rare. Histopathological examination many of the times isnot conclusive, as it is considered as a diagnosis of exclusion of sarcoma,which cannotbe more precisely categorized.

  15. Fibroistiocitoma angiomatóide com metástase ao diagnóstico: relato de caso e revisão da literatura Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma presenting metastasis: case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thaís Heinke

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available O fibroistiocitoma maligno variante angiomatóide constitui entidade rara e geradora de controvérsia, especialmente quanto a sua histogênese. Apresenta como peculiaridades o acometimento preferencial da faixa etária pediátrica e o comportamento biológico indolente, tendo baixas taxas de metastatização. No presente caso, paciente feminina de 6 anos apresentou, em decorrência de lesão em extremidade inferior, metástase linfonodal inguinal.Angiomatoid malignant fibrous histiocytoma is a rare and controversial entity, particularly as to its histogenesis. The tumor affects mostly the pediatric group, with an indolent clinical course and low rate of metastatization. In this report, the patient presented a lesion in the right foot and metastasis in an inguinal lymph node.

  16. MFH Mimic in Breast: A High-Grade Malignant Phyllodes Tumor

    OpenAIRE

    Hemalatha, A.L.; V. Sumana Sindhuram; U. Asha

    2012-01-01

    Malignant phyllodes tumor is usually diagnosed by the presence of benign duct-like epithelium and malignant mesenchymal tissue. In addition to the usual fibrosarcomatous features, the mesenchymal component may show areas resembling osteogenic sarcoma, chondrosarcoma, liposarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, malignant mesenchymoma, and, very rarely, malignant fibrous histiocytoma. We present one such rare case of malignant phyllodes tumor with malignant fibrous histiocytoma-like stromal ...

  17. A Case of Cellular Fibrous Histiocytoma on the Right Elbow with Repeated Relapse within a Short Period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsunoda, Kanako; Oikawa, Hiroki; Maeda, Fumihiko; Takahashi, Kazuhiro; Akasaka, Toshihide

    2015-01-01

    Cellular fibrous histiocytoma, a variant of fibrous histiocytoma, is a designation used for lesions showing increased cellularity with a fascicular growth pattern and frequent extension into the subcutis. Here we describe a case of cellular fibrous histiocytoma showing repeated recurrence in a 36-year-old woman who initially presented with a 2-cm cutaneous tumor on her right elbow. Histopathologically, the first resected specimen demonstrated irregularly arranged collagen fibers mixed with scattered proliferating plump to spindle-shaped fibrohistiocytes. However, examination of the resected specimens obtained after recurrence showed that the cellularity had increased, the spindle-shaped cells showing monomorphic proliferation with a fascicular and storiform growth pattern extending into the subcutis, as well as an increase of Ki-67 positivity. Since the lesion showed repeated relapse within a short period, we performed wide-field resection of the tumor with a 3-cm margin. Currently, 48 months after surgery, there has been no local recurrence or metastasis, but continuous strict follow-up will be necessary. PMID:25759652

  18. Predominantly Fibrous Malignant Mesothelioma in a Cat

    OpenAIRE

    Robert Klopfleisch; da Costa, Afonso B.; Alexander Th. A. Weiss

    2010-01-01

    Malignant mesotheliomas are rare tumours in domestic cats. They occur within the abdominal or thoracic cavity and are regularly associated with pleural or peritoneal effusions. The histopathological diagnosis can be quite challenging, as these neoplasms may resemble other epithelial or mesenchymal neoplasms. However, differentiation can be achieved by immunohistochemistry in most cases. Here we describe the rare case of a malignant mesothelioma of the fibrous subtype in the thoracic cavity of...

  19. Fibrohistiocitoma maligno "inflamatorio" de cordón espermático con infiltración sobre un leiomioma inguinal: Presentación de 1 caso con revisión conceptual y de la literatura / Inflammatory malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the spermatic cord infiltrating an inguinal leiomyoma: Case report with conceptual and bibliogrphic reviews

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Juan Manuel, Ruiz Liso; Juan, Ruiz García; María Luisa, Pardo López; Agustín, Vaillo Vinagre; Antonia, Gutiérrez Martín; María Cruz, Marrón Martínez; María Ascensión, García Pérez.

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Estudiar los fibrohistiocitomas malignos (FHM) paratesticulares desde el punto de vista clínico-histológico, inmunohistoquímico y su histogénesis. Métodos: A través de Medline y búsqueda no indexada de la literatura científica internacional hemos encontrado un total de 77 casos de FHM para [...] testiculares que globalmente plantean problemas diagnósticos, terminológicos y terapeúticos. Resultado: Incluímos el caso número 78 de FHM de cordón espermático que presenta unas especiales características (no descritas hasta la fecha) de fistulización cutánea e infiltración de un leiomioma inguinal, con confirmación histológica e inmunohistoquímica. Realizamos una revisión conceptual de este tipo de neoplasias incluyendo la valoración de las contradicciones y reclasificaciones que ha sufrido desde su primera descripción, lo que hace que sean subestimados y su prevalencia real en las series internacionales sea muy variable: del 7 al 37% de los sarcomas paratesticulares. También, el hecho de su baja incidencia ha condicionado una carencia de protocolos de diagnóstico y tratamiento. Conclusiones: Los tumores paratesticulares, aunque infrecuentes, tienen una alta tasa de malignidad. El concepto de FHM ha variado a lo largo de los últimos 15 años. Hoy, este término, es sinónimo de sarcoma pleomórfico indiferenciado y ha llegado a ser un diagnóstico de exclusión (Vimentina + / CD 68 + -ocasionalmente- sin diferencias ultraestructurales), reservándose el subtipo inflamatorio para aquellos que tienen un componente inflamatorio e histiocítico. Es imprescindible en esta localización la realización de una biopsia intraoperatoria, ya que incluso es difícil precisar preoperatoriamente, si una lesión es benigna o maligna. El diagnóstico diferencial tan solo se resuelve tras el estudio microscópico e inmunohistoquímico. Un leiomioma próximo a esta localización (inguinal) podría diagnosticarse y confundirse con un nódulo del FHM principal. Su inmunofenotipo nos permitió diagnosticarlo no solo como leiomioma (marcadores de actinas y desmina positivos), sino también observar la infiltración por el FHM. Abstract in english Objectives: To study paratesticular malignant fibrous histiocytomas (FHM) from the clinical, histological, immunohistochemical and histogenetic, point of view. Methods: Through Medline and not index-linked search of international scientific literature we have found a total of 77 cases of paratesticu [...] lar FHM that globally create diagnostic, terminological and therapeutic problems. Results: We include the case number 78 of FHM of spermatic cord, that presents a few special characteristics (not described before) of cutaneous fistula and infiltration of an inguinal leiomyoma, with histological and immunohistochemical confirmation. We performed a conceptual review of this type of tumours, including the evaluation of contradictions and reclassifications that has undergone from its first description, which causes that they are underestimated and their real prevalence in international series is very variable: from 7 to 37 % of paratesticular sarcomas. Also, the fact of their low incidence has determined the lack of protocols for diagnosis and treatment. Conclusions: Paratesticular tumours, although infrequent, have a high rate of malignancy. The FHM concept has varied throughout the last 15 years. Today, this term is synonymous of pleomorphic undifferentiated sarcoma and has been an exclusion diagnosis (Vimentin [+] / CD 68 [+] - occasionally - without ultrastructural differences), reserving the inflammatory subtype for which they have an inflammatory and histiocytic component. The accomplishment of an intraoperatory biopsy is essential in this location, since it is even difficult to know preoperatively, if a lesion is benign or malignant. The differential diagnosis is only solved after microscopic and inmunohistochemical study. Leiomyoma next to this location (inguinal) could be diagnosed and confused with a nodule of the main FHM. Their immunophenoty

  20. Fibrohistiocitoma conjuntival simulando pterígio atípico na região amazônica: relato de caso / Conjunctival fibrous histiocytoma simulating atipical pterygium in the Amazon region: case report

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Roberto Murillo Limongi de Souza, Carvalho; Alexandre, Taleb; Giulianna Limongi de Souza, Carvalho; Marcos, Ávila.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Relatamos um caso inédito na literatura brasileira de fibrohistiocitoma conjuntival descoberto durante projeto comunitário de larga escala realizado pela equipe do Centro de Referência em Oftalmologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Goiás na região amazônica. Paciente do sexo fem [...] inino, leucoderma, de 38 anos de idade, apresentava lesão vascularizada no olho direito no canto medial da conjuntiva bulbar e carúncula com extensão para o limbo e invadindo cerca de 2 mm da córnea medial com configuração semelhante a um pterígio. O exame histopatológico revelou lesão constituída por células fusiformes, com arranjo estoriforme e células histiocitárias gigantes. A imunohistoquímica revelou forte positividade para vimentina e as células neoplásicas foram negativas para AE1/ AE3, HMB 45, proteína S 100. O diagnóstico histopatológico foi de fibrohistiocitoma. A evolução poderá demonstrar o crescimento tumoral e a possibilidade de lesão maligna. Abstract in english An inedited case in the Brazilian literature of conjunctival fibrous histiocytoma discovered during a wide scale community project accomplished by the team of the Center of Reference in Ophthalmology of the Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Goiás in the Amazon region is reported. A 38 [...] year-old caucasian woman presented with a vascularized lesion on the medial portion of the bulbar conjunctiva and caruncular region of the right eye with extension for the limbus and invading about 2 mm of the medial cornea resembling a pterygium. Pathologic findings revealed that the lesion was constituted by spindle-shaped cells, with storiform arrangement, and large histocytelike cells. The immunohistochemistry revealed strong positivity for vimentin and the neoplastic cells were negative for AE1/AE3, HMB 45, S 100 protein. The histopathologic diagnosis was fibrous histiocytoma. The evolution demonstrated the tumoral growth and the possibility of a malignant lesion.

  1. Fibrohistiocitoma conjuntival simulando pterígio atípico na região amazônica: relato de caso Conjunctival fibrous histiocytoma simulating atipical pterygium in the Amazon region: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Murillo Limongi de Souza Carvalho

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Relatamos um caso inédito na literatura brasileira de fibrohistiocitoma conjuntival descoberto durante projeto comunitário de larga escala realizado pela equipe do Centro de Referência em Oftalmologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Goiás na região amazônica. Paciente do sexo feminino, leucoderma, de 38 anos de idade, apresentava lesão vascularizada no olho direito no canto medial da conjuntiva bulbar e carúncula com extensão para o limbo e invadindo cerca de 2 mm da córnea medial com configuração semelhante a um pterígio. O exame histopatológico revelou lesão constituída por células fusiformes, com arranjo estoriforme e células histiocitárias gigantes. A imunohistoquímica revelou forte positividade para vimentina e as células neoplásicas foram negativas para AE1/ AE3, HMB 45, proteína S 100. O diagnóstico histopatológico foi de fibrohistiocitoma. A evolução poderá demonstrar o crescimento tumoral e a possibilidade de lesão maligna.An inedited case in the Brazilian literature of conjunctival fibrous histiocytoma discovered during a wide scale community project accomplished by the team of the Center of Reference in Ophthalmology of the Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Goiás in the Amazon region is reported. A 38 year-old caucasian woman presented with a vascularized lesion on the medial portion of the bulbar conjunctiva and caruncular region of the right eye with extension for the limbus and invading about 2 mm of the medial cornea resembling a pterygium. Pathologic findings revealed that the lesion was constituted by spindle-shaped cells, with storiform arrangement, and large histocytelike cells. The immunohistochemistry revealed strong positivity for vimentin and the neoplastic cells were negative for AE1/AE3, HMB 45, S 100 protein. The histopathologic diagnosis was fibrous histiocytoma. The evolution demonstrated the tumoral growth and the possibility of a malignant lesion.

  2. Histiocitoma fibroso benigno profundo: achados na tomografia computadorizada e histologia Deep benign fibrous histiocytoma: computed tomography and histology findings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Farage

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Apresentamos imagens de tomografia computadorizada de um paciente de 83 anos de idade com histiocitoma fibroso benigno profundo, na face lateral da perna esquerda, com evolução de longa data. À tomografia computadorizada observamos massa bem delimitada, ovalada, e que apresentava intenso realce periférico com uso do meio de contraste iodado. Este é um tumor de partes moles pouco freqüente e com raros relatos dos seus aspectos de imagem.We present the computed tomography images of an 83-year-old male patient with a deep benign fibrous histiocytoma at the lateral aspect of the left leg. Computed tomography images showed a well-defined mass with marked peripheral enhancement by iodinated contrast medium. Only few reports of this rare soft tissue tumor can be found in the literature.

  3. Histiocitoma fibroso benigno profundo: achados na tomografia computadorizada e histologia / Deep benign fibrous histiocytoma: computed tomography and histology findings

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Luciano, Farage; Mário Augusto Padula, Castro; Túlio Augusto Alves, Macedo; Eliana Chaves, Salomão; Tânia Alcântara, Machado; Lincoln Pereira de, Souza; Luiz de Oliveira, Freitas.

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Apresentamos imagens de tomografia computadorizada de um paciente de 83 anos de idade com histiocitoma fibroso benigno profundo, na face lateral da perna esquerda, com evolução de longa data. À tomografia computadorizada observamos massa bem delimitada, ovalada, e que apresentava intenso realce peri [...] férico com uso do meio de contraste iodado. Este é um tumor de partes moles pouco freqüente e com raros relatos dos seus aspectos de imagem. Abstract in english We present the computed tomography images of an 83-year-old male patient with a deep benign fibrous histiocytoma at the lateral aspect of the left leg. Computed tomography images showed a well-defined mass with marked peripheral enhancement by iodinated contrast medium. Only few reports of this rare [...] soft tissue tumor can be found in the literature.

  4. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor in anterior mediastinum with pleural metastasis simulating invasive thymoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jong Bum; Lee, Ju Won; Kim, Youn Jeong; Kim, Yeo Ju; Lee, Kyung Hee; Chu, Young Chae; Song, Ju Young; Yoon, Yong Han [Inha Univ. School of Medicine/Inha Univ. Hospital, Incheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-05-15

    Malignant solitary fibrous tumor, which arises in the anterior mediastinum, is rare. Its image findings simulate other mediastinal mass, such as malignant lymphoma, malignant thymic epithelial tumor or invasive thymoma. Here, we report a pleural malignant fibrous tumor of a 60 year old man who is presented with a well defined lobulating anterior mediastinal mass with pleural metastasis mimicking invasive thymoma with pleural seeding.

  5. De novo malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Siu-Chung

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The kidney is a relatively infrequent site for solitary fibrous tumor (SFT. Among the previously reported cases, only two cases of malignant renal SFT developing via dedifferentiation from a pre-existing benign SFT have been reported. Here we reported a case of de novo malignant renal SFT clinically diagnosed as renal cell carcinoma in a 50-year-old woman. The tumor was circumscribed but unencapsulated and showed obvious hemorrhagic necrosis. Microscopically, the tumor was composed of patternless sheets of alternating hypercellular and hypocellular areas of spindle cells displaying mild to moderate nuclear atypia, frequent mitoses up to 8 per 10 high power fields, and a 20% Ki-67 proliferative index. Immunohistochemical studies revealed reactivity for CD34, CD99 and vimentin, with no staining for all other markers, confirming the diagnosis of SFT. No areas of dedifferentiation were seen after extensive sampling. Based on the pathologic and immunohistochemical features, a diagnosis of de novo malignant renal SFT was warranted. Our report expands the spectrum of malignant progression in renal SFTs. Even though this patient has been disease-free for 30 months, long-term follow-up is still mandatory.

  6. Myxoid Type of Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Maxillary Sinus: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Hossein Jafarian

    2011-04-01

    Amplified radical surgery is the first choice of treatment. The second surgery has special value to the recurrent patients. Radiotherapy alone or chemotherapy alone is not effective to MFH of head and neck region

  7. Primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the breast: report of one case

    OpenAIRE

    Liu C; Zhao Z.; Zhang Q.; Wu Y; Jin F

    2013-01-01

    Caigang Liu,1 Zuowei Zhao,1 Qingfu Zhang,2 Yunfei Wu,3 Feng Jin3 1Department of Breast Surgery, Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, People's Republic of China; 2Department of Pathology, First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, People's Republic of China; 3Department of Breast Surgery, General Surgery, First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, People's Republic of China. Abstract: Seven years ago, a 48-year-old female patient discovered a ...

  8. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma presenting with complete opacification of the hemithorax: A case report

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    Jean Salem

    2014-01-01

    CONCLUSION: Progressive dyspnea in young otherwise healthy patients should be investigated early on. In our case the presence of right shoulder pain indicates advance disease illustrated by the singular imaging findings.

  9. Peritoneal mesothelioma and malignant lymphoma in mice caused by fibrous zeolite.

    OpenAIRE

    Ozesmi, M.; Patiroglu, T. E.; Hillerdal, G.; Ozesmi, C.

    1985-01-01

    Dust from the village of Karain containing the fibrous zeolite erionite, talc, and physiological saline were tested by intraperitoneal injection in 486 Swiss albino mice. Malignant tumours were found in 84 (41 mesotheliomas, 31 lymphomas, 1 peripheral epidermoid carcinoma, and 11 lymphomas and mesotheliomas together) of the 321 animals which died spontaneously within nine to 32 months after injection of Karain dust (26.1%). Three mesotheliomas and no lymphomas were found among 24 animals inje...

  10. CT findings in malignant pleural mesothelioma related to nonoccupational exposure to asbestos and fibrous zeolite (erionite)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Endemic malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) in Turkey is related to two mineral fibers, tremolite asbestos and fibrous zeolite (erionite). Thirteen cases of MPM from the Cappadocian area, where the soil is rich in erionite, and 29 cases of MPM, from villages whose occupants have high asbestos exposure, were examined by CT. The CT findings of the two groups of MPM were compared with respect to the configuration of the pleural lesions, stage of disease, fissural involvement, pleural effusion, presence of calcified pleural plaques, and chronic fibrosing pleuritis. In erionite-related MPM the pleural lesions were flat and smooth in 69.1%; in asbestos-related MPM the lesions were nodular in 55.1%. Stage IV disease, calcified pleural plaques, and chronic fibrosing pleuritis were more common in the erionite-related MPM. The rest of the findings were similar in both groups. The early radiological diagnosis of erionite-related MPM may be even more difficult because of the similarity of the pleural lesions to chronic fibrosing pleuritis

  11. Renal malignant solitary fibrous tumor with single lymph node involvement: report of unusual metastasis and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mearini E

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Ettore Mearini,1 Giovanni Cochetti,1 Francesco Barillaro,1 Sonia Fatigoni,2 Fausto Roila2 1Department of Medical-Surgical Specialties and Public Health, Division of Urological Andrological Surgery and Minimally Invasive Techniques, University of Perugia, Terni, Italy; 2Medical Oncology, S Maria Hospital, Terni, Italy Abstract: Solitary fibrous tumors are rare mesenchymal spindle cell neoplasms that are usually found in the pleura. The kidneys are an uncommon site and only few cases of renal solitary fibrous tumor exhibit malignant behavior metastasizing to the liver, lung, and bone through the hematogenous pathway. Purpose: To describe the first case of lymph node metastasis from renal solitary fibrous tumor in order to increase the knowledge about the malignant behavior of these tumors. Patients and methods: A 19-year-old female patient had intermittent hematuria for several months without flank pain or other symptoms. A chest and abdomen CT scan was performed and showed a multi-lobed bulky solid mass of 170 × 98 × 120 mm in the left kidney. One day before the surgery, the left renal artery was catheterized and the kidney embolization was performed using a Haemostatic Absorbable Gelatin Sponge and polyvinyl alcohol. We then performed a radical nephrectomy with hilar, para-aortic, and inter-aortocaval lymphadenectomy. Results: Estimated intraoperative blood loss was 200 mL and the operative time was 100 minutes. No postoperative complications occurred. The hospital stay was 7 days long. The histological examination was malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney. Cancerous tissue showed cellular atypia, with an increased mitotic index (up to 7 × 10 hpf. Immunohistochemical analysis showed positive results for CD34, BCL2, partial expression of HBME1, and occasionally of synaptophysin. Histological evaluation confirmed the presence of metastasis in one hilar node. The patient did not receive any other therapy. At 30-month follow-up, the patient was in good health and no local recurrence or metastases had occurred. Conclusion: This is the first case of lymph node metastasis from a renal solitary fibrous tumor showing unusual malignant behavior; this finding adds new information about the biology and progression of these tumors, which remain unclear. Keywords: solitary fibrous tumor, sarcoma, kidney, lymph node metastases, lymphadenectomy

  12. Skull base metastases from a malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the liver. A case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peng Lu

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs of the liver are rarely described; only 38 cases have been reported in literature, most of which have shown benign clinical characteristics, and only 3 of these cases exhibited malignant variants. In this study, we present a 24-year-old woman with a 1-month history of a rapidly enlarging abdominal mass and a CT showing an exophytic heterogeneous liver mass with a firm parietal bone mass. The patient underwent a transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE before operation, and an extended right hepatectomy and craniectomy with a negative margin was performed under general anesthesia. The masses showed histological features of oval spindle cells haphazardly arranged in the classic short-storiform or so-called patternless pattern of solitary fibrous tumors. The tumor cells showed positive immunohistochemical reactions to CD34 and bcl-2. The tumor recurred in the residual liver 2 months after operation, metastatic osteoblastic lesions in the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae were identified 3 months after the operation, and lumbar vertebrae metastasis 7 months after operation paralyzed the patient. The patient underwent percutaneous ethanol injection therapy (PEI and chemotherapy, but the patient died because of the uncontrolled tumor 16 months after the initial operation. To our knowledge, this is the first case of malignant solitary fibrous liver tumors with skeletal metastasis.

  13. F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET in the diagnosis of malignant transformation of fibrous dysplasia in the pelvic bones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berrebi, Olivier; Steiner, Charles; Keller, A; Rougemont, Anne-Laure; Ratib, Osman

    2008-07-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a benign dysplastic pathology of bone-forming mesenchymal cells, resulting in replacement of trabecular bone by abnormal fibrous and immature osseous tissue. FD can be either monostotic or polyostotic, is more often unilateral, and can be part of the McCune-Albright syndrome (MIM 174800). Sarcomatous degeneration in FD is rare, ranging from less than 1% in monostotic forms to 4% in the McCune-Albright syndrome. We report the case of a 59-year-old woman with monostotic FD of the left ischium, known for over 30 years, who developed sarcomatous transformation in a low-grade spindle-cell sarcoma. The value of F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in the early diagnosis of malignant transformation, the evaluation of distant metastasis, as well as monitoring the efficacy of chemotherapy are discussed. PMID:18580231

  14. Primary bone malignancies in pregnancy. A report of four cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhillon, M S; Singh, D P; Gill, S S; Sur, R; Sarode, V R; Nagi, O N

    1993-08-01

    Primary malignant bone tumors are rarely associated with pregnancy. Because of the rare nature of the condition, the relevant literature available is scant, providing limited information to the clinician about its management. Common management problems stem from delayed diagnosis and the limitations on the use of routine therapeutic modalities (eg, radiation and chemotherapy) during pregnancy. The cases presented include two cases of Ewing's sarcoma, one case of osteosarcoma, and one malignant fibrous histiocytoma that is thought to be multicentric in origin. Three of these tumors involved the scapula. The patients' social customs and general medical ignorance significantly affected the outcome of these cases. PMID:8265232

  15. Tumor fibroso solitario inguinal maligno: Aportación de un caso / Solitary malignant fibrous inguinal tumor: Case report

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    P., Garrido Abad; A., Coloma Del Peso; L. M., Herranz Fernández; M., Jiménez Gálvez; G., Bocardo Fajardo; R., Arellano Gañán; I., Pereira Sanz; T., Reina Durán.

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: El Tumor Fibroso Solitario (TFS) es una neoplasia poco frecuente que fue descrita por primera vez en la pleura, pero puede aparecer en diferentes localizaciones. Su presencia en la zona inguinal es extremadamente rara. Método/Resultados: Presentamos el caso de un varón de 74 años con masa [...] inguinoescrotal derecha de 50 años de evolución. Tras extirpación quirúrgica de la misma es diagnosticado de tumor fibroso solitario. Conclusiones: La inmensa mayoría de los tumores fibrosos solitarios se comportan de manera benigna. Un pequeño porcentaje se comporta de modo más agresivo, con recurrencia local y metástasis. Su tratamiento es eminentemente quirúrgico, pero después debemos realizar seguimiento a largo plazo en todos los casos. Abstract in english Objective: Solitary fibrous tumours (SFTs) are rare neoplasias that were first reported in pleura, but can occur in different sites. Inguinal location is extremely rare. Methods/Results: We report one case of a 74 year old man with a right inguinoscrotal mass with 50 years of evolution. After surgic [...] al extirpation, solitary fibrous tumour was diagno-sed. Conclusions: The vast majority of solitary fibrous tu-mours (SFTs) have a benign course. Only a few cases have aggressive behaviour, with local recurrence and metastasis. Treatment is surgical, but we must do a long-term follow up in all cases.

  16. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor with high-grade nuclear atypia: an alternate entity for the undetermined tumor group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamada, Yuichi; Kohashi, Kenichi; Bekki, Hirofumi; Ishii, Takeaki; Iura, Kunio; Maekawa, Akira; Yamamoto, Hidetaka; Iwamoto, Yukihide; Oda, Yoshinao

    2015-02-01

    Recently, a novel fusion transcript, NAB2-STAT6, and its variants have also been reported to be specific diagnostic markers for solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs). In this study, we validated the existence of the NAB2-STAT6 fusion gene in SFTs and examined its relation with the pathological features. Frozen samples from 9 tumors were assessed for fusion gene. The detected fusion genes exhibited large intron sequences and the insertion of unknown and previously unreported sequences. The fusion genes were not detected in the 2 malignant cases with high-grade nuclear atypia, nuclear pleomorphism and necrosis, that was confirmed by multiplex PCR method. In addition, 1 of the 2 NAB2-STAT6 fusion gene-negative tumors showed amplification of the MDM2 and CDK4 genes. It was suggested that a certain proportion of tumors previously diagnosed as malignant SFTs with high-grade nuclear atypia lacking NAB2-STAT6 should be categorized into a special subtype of SFT, which is genetically different from conventional SFTs, and which cannot be apparently distinguished from dedifferentiated liposarcoma or undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma. PMID:25554652

  17. Malignant bone tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Kristy; Damron, Timothy A; Frassica, Frank J; Sim, Franklin H

    2008-01-01

    Malignant bone tumors represent a small percentage of cancers nationwide and also are much less common than malignant soft-tissue tumors. The rarity of the condition makes it imperative that orthopaedic surgeons in nononcologic practices are able to recognize the symptoms that suggest a possible bony malignancy to avoid inappropriate or delayed treatment. The most common primary malignant bone tumors, osteosarcoma and Ewing's sarcoma, occur in childhood. Chondrosarcoma occurs more frequently in older adults. Rare tumors such as chordoma and adamantinoma have anatomic predilections for the sacrum and tibia, respectively. The primary symptom of a patient with a malignant bone tumor is pain, which often occurs at rest or at night. There are also characteristic findings on physical examination such as swelling or decreased joint range of motion. Patients with a likely malignancy require thorough staging to determine the extent of disease and a well-planned biopsy for accurate diagnosis. The biopsy can be an image-guided needle biopsy or an open incisional biopsy. Knowledge of specific tumor characteristics and treatment options for osteosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, chondrosarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, chordoma, and adamantinoma is important. Patients with osteosarcoma and resectable Ewing's sarcoma are treated with chemotherapy followed by surgical resection. Secondary sarcomas can occur in previously benign bone lesions and require aggressive treatment. Specific techniques are available for the resection of malignant bone tumors from the upper extremities, lower extremities, pelvis, and spine. Reconstruction options include the use of allografts, megaprostheses, and vascularized autografts. There has been a trend toward more prosthetic reconstructions because of early complications with allografts. The care of patients with primary malignant bone tumors requires a multidisciplinary approach to treatment. The orthopaedic oncologist is a vital member of a team composed of musculoskeletal radiologists and pathologists, radiation oncologists, medical and pediatric oncologists, and microvascular surgeons. PMID:18399615

  18. Doege-Potter syndrome presenting with hypoinsulinemic hypoglycemia in a patient with a malignant extrapleural solitary fibrous tumor: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schutt Robert C

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Doege-Potter syndrome is a paraneoplastic syndrome characterized by non-islet cell tumor hypoglycemia secondary to a solitary fibrous tumor. This tumor causes hypoglycemia by the secretion of a prohormone form of insulin-like growth factor II. We describe the diagnosis and management of Doege-Potter syndrome and the use of transarterial chemoembolization in a patient with a malignant extrapleural solitary fibrous tumor. Case presentation Our patient was a 64-year-old Caucasian woman who initially presented with urinary incontinence and was found to have a 14.5×9.0×9.0cm retroperitoneal solitary fibrous tumor compressing her bladder. Her tumor was surgically resected but recurred with multiple hepatic metastatic lesions. The hepatic metastases progressed despite systemic chemotherapy and treatment with doxorubicin transarterial chemoembolization. Her course was complicated by the development of recurrent fasting hypoglycemia, most likely secondary to Doege-Potter syndrome. Her hypoglycemia was managed with corticosteroid therapy and frequent scheduled nutrient intake overnight. Conclusions The rarity of hepatic solitary fibrous tumors and consequent lack of controlled trials make this report significant in that it describes the diagnostic approach to Doege-Potter syndrome, describes our experience with the use of doxorubicin transarterial chemoembolization, and presents management options for tumor-associated hypoglycemia in the case of extensive disease not amenable to surgical resection.

  19. Accumulation of leucocytes labelled with technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime in malignant abdominal tumours

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lantto, E. (Paeijaet-Haeme Central Hospital, Lahti (Finland). Dept. of Radiology); Jaervi, K. (Paeijaet-Haeme Central Hospital, Lahti (Finland). Dept. of Pathology); Lantoo, T.; Vorne, M. (Paeijaet-Haeme Central Hospital, Lahti (Finland). Dept. of Nuclear Medicine); Ristkari, S. (Paeijaet-Haeme Central Hospital, Lahti (Finland). Dept. of Surgery)

    1991-10-01

    A total of 343 leucocyte scans labelled with technetium-99m hexamethylprophylene amine oxime were reviewed that had been performed patients suspected of having abdominal infection or inflammation. There was uptake by malignant abdominal tumours in 10 cases (2,9%), which represents 62.5% of known malignancies at the time of the scintigram. Accumulation was seen in 8 patients with adenocarcinoma of the colon associated with a secondary infection in the tumour or pericolic inflammation. A large tumour that had spread beyond the bowel wall was related to a positive scintigram. Accumulation was also found twice in a malignant fibrous histiocytoma in which bleeding and an inflammatory reaction to necrosis were probably responsible for the uptake. The relevant treatment was delayed for 2 weeks-2 months in 4 patients with adenocarcinoma of the colon in whom the positive uptake was regarded as confirmation of the clinically suspected cute diverticulitis. (orig.).

  20. Concurrence of metaphyseal fibrous defect and osteosarcoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The case of a 15-year-old girl with juxtaposition of a femoral metaphyseal fibrous defect (fibrous cortical defect) and an osteosarcoma is reported. Despite the relatively common occurrence of metaphyseal fibrous defects, their reported association with other bone tumors is exceedingly rare. Only two previous acceptable examples of this association were found. Reports of malignant transformation of metaphyseal fibrous defect were reviewed and rejected because they lacked convincing radiologic or histopathologic evidence of a pre-existent benign fibrous lesion. The finding of a malignant bone tumor in association with a metaphyseal fibrous defect appears to be a chance occurrence. (orig.)

  1. Diagnostic pitfalls in the preoperative 18F-FDG PET/CT evaluation of a case of giant malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lococo, F; Rapicetta, C; Ricchetti, T; Cavazza, A; Filice, A; Treglia, G; Tenconi, S; Paci, M; Sgarbi, G

    2014-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura (SFTP) is an uncommon entity, generally with an indolent behavior. Nevertheless, some malignant forms have been rarely reported. These, often have an aggressive biological behavior with pathological findings of invasiveness. The preoperative diagnosis and evaluation of the grade of malignancy are extremely challenging. Herein we report a case of a 64-year-old man who presented with a left giant intra-thoracic mass imaged with fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18)F-FDG/PET-CT) and sampled via fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). Imaging and FNAB findings showed suspicion of a benign form of SFTP. Surgical radical resection of the giant mass was performed. The definitive histological diagnosis showed a malignant SFTP. Based on this report, we take the opportunity to briefly discuss the insidious pitfalls concerning the radiological and (18)F-FDG/PET-CT features as well as cyto/histological findings in the pre-operative diagnostic work-up examination of this rare entity. PMID:24079956

  2. Limb salvage in malignant tumors of appendicular skeleton

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A study was conducted at Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, to evaluate the results of various limb salvage techniques. Average age of the group of 12 subjects was 26.6 years and male to female ratio was 2.1. The histopathological diagnosis yielded recurrent GCT in 4 cases, chondrosarcoma in 3 cases, osteosarcoma. Ewing's sarcoma, parosteal osteosarcoma, adamantinoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma in one case each. The surgical procedures included a wide variety of reconstructive methods. Adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy were used where indicated. In terms of functional results, upper limb procedures scored 20.5 points (68%) and the lower limb procedures scored an average of 19 points (63%). Local recurrence rate was 25%. Minimum follow up period was four years. Complications included recurrence in three patients, pulmonary metastasis, soft tissue implantation, deep infection, non-union and graft absorption in one case each. (author)

  3. Subungual Acral Fibromyxoma Involving the Bone: A Mimicker of Malignancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carranza, Carmen; Molina-Ruiz, Ana María; Pérez de la Fuente, Teresa; Kutzner, Heinz; Requena, Luis; Santonja, Carlos

    2014-07-24

    : Superficial acral fibromyxoma (SAF) is a recently recognized myxoid tumor that usually occurs on the fingers and toes of middle-aged adults. We report the case of a 53-year-old man with a SAF on the first left toe that had been slowly growing for 2 years. Hispathologically, the lesion was nonencapsulated and was composed of stellate and spindle cells, arranged in a myxoid matrix. No atypia or mitotic figures were found. Neoplastic cells showed positive staining for CD34 and negative staining for epithelial membrane antigen, actin, desmin, keratins, S-100 protein, and HMB45. Main differential diagnoses of SAF include benign and malignant myxoid and spindle cells tumors, such as myxoid fibrous histiocytoma, superficial angiomyxoma, myxoid neurofibroma, myxoid dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, and low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma. PMID:25062265

  4. Distinct clinicopathological features of NAB2-STAT6 fusion gene variants in solitary fibrous tumor with emphasis on the acquisition of highly malignant potential.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akaike, Keisuke; Kurisaki-Arakawa, Aiko; Hara, Kieko; Suehara, Yoshiyuki; Takagi, Tatsuya; Mitani, Keiko; Kaneko, Kazuo; Yao, Takashi; Saito, Tsuyoshi

    2015-03-01

    The impact of NGFI-A binding protein 2 (NAB2)-signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) fusion on the biological behavior and the mechanism of acquisition of malignant phenotype in solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is not well understood. We examined variations of the NAB2-STAT6 fusion gene in 40 cases of SFT using formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues and secondary genetic alterations of tumor protein p53 (TP53),, platelet-derived growth factor receptor, ? polypeptide (PDGFRB), and telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) promoters. These gene variations were compared with the clinicopathological features. The 2-year and 5-year disease-free survival rates (DFSRs) were 91% and 83%, respectively. All 40 samples demonstrated nuclear staining for STAT6, including CD34-negative cases. Moreover, p53-positive staining was associated with a lower DFSR and was significantly associated with higher Ki-67 label index, higher mitotic rate (mitosis, >4/high-power field), and the presence of nuclear atypia/pleomorphism. NAB2-STAT6 fusions were detected in all of the cases; the NAB2 exon 4-STAT6 exon 2, the most common genotype, appeared in 18 cases, which was associated with thoracic tumor location and the less aggressive phenotype. In contrast, tumors with NAB2 exon 6-STAT6 exon 16/18 demonstrated an aggressive phenotype. Mutations in TP53 and PDGFRB were detected in 2 and 3 cases respectively, and these occurred in a mutually exclusive fashion. TERT promoter hot spot mutations were observed in 5 cases, which were associated with shorter DFSR. Two dedifferentiated SFT cases harbored both TP53 and TERT promoter mutations. TP53 mutations, which result in its overexpression, in combination with TERT promoter mutations seem to play an important role in the dedifferentiation process. PMID:25582503

  5. Fibrous hamartoma of infancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinayak, Rohan S; Kumar, Sumit; Chandana, Sudhir; Trivedi, Priti

    2011-01-01

    Fibrous hamartoma of infancy (FHI) is a rare, benign tumor of the subcutis and lower dermis, which usually occurs within the first 2 years of life. Ninety one percent of the tumors occur in the first year of life. The histogenesis of FHI is unclear. The clinical course is typically benign and prognosis excellent. The physical characteristics of the subcutaneous mass in a child may suggest a malignant process; however, FHI should be included in the differential diagnosis. The prognosis of FHI is excellent with local surgical excision and it rarely recurs. PMID:23130211

  6. The Study of the Malignant Tumors of the Maxillary Sinus by Computed Tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT findings of proven 25 malignant tumors of the maxillary sinus were retrospectively analyzed to be of help in the diagnosis and treatment. The results were as follow: 1. Average age was 54 years old, and eighteen were males and seven were females with a ratio of 2.6:1. 2. The most common histopathologic feature was squamous cell carcinoma (19 cases) and others were two cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma, one case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma, mucoepidermoid tumor, histiocytic lymphoma, unidentified malignant tumor. 3. CT findings were sinus opacification (4%), soft tissue mass (92%), low densities within soft tissue mass (44%), air densities within soft tissue mass (24%), osteosclerosis (4%), bone destruction (92%), bone displacement (32%), fat plane obliteration(76%). 4. CT in the malignant maxillary sinus tumors approved the value in evaluation of tumor extension to nasal cavity, ethmoid sinus, orbit, infratemporal fossa, pterygopalatine fossa, pterygoid fossa, pterygoid muscle, cheek skin and intracranial cavity. 5. Twenty four cases (96%) were stage III, stage IV according to AJCC TNM classification. 6. Bone findings were destruction, displacement, sclerosis and most frequent site of bone destruction was the medial wall of the antrum (92%). 7. Tumor growth pattern showed destructive pattern in 18 cases (72%), and squamous cell carcinoma showed destructive pattern. (p<0.05).

  7. FDG-PET for preoperative differential diagnosis between benign and malignant soft tissue masses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aoki, J.; Koyama, Y.; Sato, N. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Gunma University School of Medicine, 3-39-22 Showa-machi, 371-8511, Maebashi (Japan); Watanabe, H.; Shinozaki, T.; Takagishi, K. [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gunma University School of Medicine, 3-39-22 Showa-machi, 371-8511, Maebashi (Japan); Tokunaga, M. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Gunma University School of Medicine, 3-39-22 Showa-machi, 371-8511, Maebashi (Japan); Department of Radiology, Ohta General Hospital (Japan); Endo, K. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Gunma University School of Medicine, 3-39-22 Showa-machi, 371-8511, Maebashi (Japan); Department of Nuclear Medicine, Gunma University School of Medicine, 3-39-22 Showa-machi, 371-8511, Maebashi (Japan)

    2003-03-01

    To evaluate the standardized uptake value (SUV) of [{sup 18}F]2-deoxy-2-fluoro-d-glucose at positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) for preoperative differential diagnosis between benign and malignant soft tissue masses.Design One hundred and fourteen soft tissue masses (80 benign, 34 malignant) were examined by FDG-PET prior to tissue diagnosis. The SUVs were calculated and compared between benign and malignant lesions and among different histologic subgroups which included three or more cases. There was a statistically significant difference in SUV between benign (1.80{+-}1.42 [SD]) and malignant (4.20{+-}3.16) soft tissue masses in total (P<0.0001). However, a considerable overlap in SUV was observed between many benign and malignant lesions. Liposarcomas (2.16{+-}1.72) and synovial sarcomas (1.60{+-}0.43) did not show significantly higher SUV than any benign lesions. Metastases (4.23{+-}2.35) showed no statistically significant difference in SUV as compared with schwannomas (1.75{+-}0.84), desmoids (2.77{+-}1.32), sarcoidosis (3.62{+-}1.53), or giant cell tumors of tendon sheath (GCT of TS; 5.06{+-}1.63). Even malignant fibrous histiocytomas (5.37{+-}1.40) could not be differentiated from sarcoidosis or GCT of TS, based on the SUV. A large accumulation of FDG can be observed in both benign and malignant histiocytic, fibroblastic, or neurogenic lesions. SUV at conventional FDG-PET is limited to differentiating benign from malignant soft tissue masses, when all kinds of histologic subtypes are included. (orig.)

  8. Prevalence of Malignant Soft Tissue Tumors inExtremities: An Epidemiological Study in Syria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Habib Reshadi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background:   Although the majority of soft tissue masses are benign, it is important to consider malignancy in differential diagnoses. Because most soft tissue sarcomas present as a painless mass, clinicians must watch for signs suggestive of malignancy, including large size, rapid growth, and site deep into the deep fascia.The purpose of this study was to determine the relative prevalence according to sex and age, site of tumor, skeletal distribution, and treatment (surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy before and after surgery, and ascertain the relative frequency of these tumors in specific anatomic sites and age groups based on pathological studies. Methods: A total of 308 patients, with a musculoskeletal tumor were evaluated retrospectively. All of the patients enrolled into this study were referred to the Beirouni Hospital of Damascus University with a proven diagnosis of alignant soft tissue tumors from the beginning of January 2008 until the end of 2010. The prevalence of the malignant soft tissue tumors in these patients was analyzed. For purposes of analysis, all lesions were placed in 1 of 9 categories: hand and wrist, forearm, humorous (arm, proximal limb girdle (axilla and shoulder, foot and ankle, thigh, hip and buttocks region, trunk, and other lesions. Age and sex also were recorded. Results: Malignant tumors consisted of seven diagnostic categories: malignant fibrous histiocytoma (23%, liposarcoma (22%, rhabdomyosarcoma (9%, leiomyosarcoma (8%, malignant schwannoma (5%, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (5%, synovial sarcoma (10%, fibrosarcoma (13%, extraskeletal chondrosarcoma (1%, and extraskeletal Ewing sarcoma (4%. Conclusions: Despite the multitude of pathologic possibilities, most malignant soft-tissue tumors are classified into a small number of diagnoses. These may be further defined when the site of the lesion and the age of the patient are considered. Knowledge of tumor prevalence will assist radiologists in establishing a suitably ordered differential diagnosis when a soft-tissue tumor has a nonspecific radiologic appearance.    

  9. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the thyroid: a case-report and review of the literature / Tumor fibroso solitário maligno da tiroide: relato de caso e revisão da literatura

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Wellington, Alves Filho; Renata Regina da Graça Lorencetti, Mahmoud; Daniel Marin, Ramos; Vergilius José Furtado de, Araujo-Filho; Patricia Picciarelli de, Lima; Claudio Roberto, Cernea; Lenine Garcia, Brandão.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available O tumor fibroso solitário (SFT) é uma neoplasia rara de células fusiformes que mais frequentemente envolve a pleura, raramente ocorrendo em áreas extratorácicas. Já foram descritos 26 casos de SFT da tiroide. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente de 60 anos de idade com um histórico de 8 meses de aumento [...] do pescoço associado à disfagia. A paciente foi submetida a uma hemitiroidectomia direita e foi diagnosticado um SFT de tiroide. A imuno-histoquímica mostrou resultados positivos para o marcador CD34, e o grande número de mitoses e a presença de atipia celular sugerem que o tumor era maligno. Em nosso conhecimento, este é o segundo caso de STF da tiroide maligno já relatado. Dada a rara ocorrência desses tumores, a indicação de tratamento adjuvante e o prognóstico são incertos. Recomenda-se o acompanhamento de longo prazo depois da ressecção cirúrgica. Abstract in english Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon spindle-cell neoplasm that most often involves the pleura, rarely occurring in extra-thoracic locations. Twenty-six cases of SFT arising in the thyroid gland have been described. We report a case of a 60-year-old woman presenting an 8-month history of enla [...] rgement of the neck associated with dysphagia. The patient underwent a right hemithyroidectomy and SFT of the thyroid was diagnosed. Immunohistochemistry showed positivity for CD34 marker, and the high number of mitoses and the presence of cellular atypia suggested that the tumor was malignant. To our knowledge, this is the second case of malignant SFT of the thyroid gland ever reported. Due to the rarity of these tumors, the indication of adjuvant therapy and prognosis are uncertain. Long-term follow-up after surgical resection seems to be advisable.

  10. Malignant mesothelioma induced by asbestos and zeolite in the mouse peritonenal cavity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, Y.; Kohyama, N.

    1984-10-01

    The carcinogenicity of asbestos (amosite and chrysotile) and zeolite (fibrous erionite, mordenite, and synthetic zeolite 4A) were studied in the peritoneum of 586 BALB/C male mice after a single intraperitoneal or intraabdominal wall injection. Tumors developed in 93 of 394 animals (23.6%) treated with asbestos or fibrous erionite 7 months or more after administration. All of the induced peritoneal tumors were intimately associated with marked peritoneal fibrosis, in which asbestos or erionite fibers were regularly detected. Histopathologically, 83 of 93 were consistent with malignant mesotheliomas. Other tumors consisted of 6 plasmacytomas, 1 histiocytoma, 1 liposarcoma, 1 osteosarcoma, and 1 adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. Two of the cases of mesotheliomas were associated with plasmacytoma. In many instances, the primary site of the mesotheliomas seemed to be multiple, the favorite sites being the omentum, mesentery, serosae of the gastrointestinal and genital organs, the diaphragm, the capsule of the liver and spleen, and the abdominal wall peritoneum. In addition to the 93 peritoneal tumors, 3 extraperitoneal tumors (1 fibrosarcoma and 2 rhabdomyosarcomas) were induced by amosite which was probably accidentally injected into the extraperitoneal connective tissue and the striated muscle tissue of the abdominal wall, respectively. These three tumors were also intimately associated with focal fibrosis in which amosite fibers were detected. Among the three different types of zeolite, only fibrous erionite showed striking carcinogenicity and marked fibrogenicity. The erionite-induced mesotheliomas were similar to those induced by asbestos in exhibiting long latency, in gross appearance, in histology, and in close association with fibrosis.

  11. Fibrous dysplasia of bone: a clinicopathologic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohan H

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Harsh Mohan1, Preeti Mittal1, Irneet Mundi1, Sudhir Kumar21Department of Pathology, 2Department of Orthopedics, Government Medical College, Sector 32, Chandigarh, IndiaAbstract: Fibrous dysplasia of the bones is an uncommon congenital skeletal disorder that is found equally in both genders and is not inherited. Its etiology has been linked to an activating mutation of Gs? and the downstream effects of the resultant increase in cAMP. Fibrous dysplasia is categorized as either monostotic or polyostotic, and may occur as a component of McCune-Albright syndrome or the rare Mazabraud syndrome. Long bones, skull bones, and ribs are the most commonly affected bones. The radiological picture is somewhat variable, including a ground-glass appearance, expansion of the bone, and sclerosis surrounding the lesion. Histologically, fibrous dysplasia shows irregularly-shaped trabeculae of immature, woven bone in a background of variably cellular, loosely arranged fibrous stroma. It may be complicated by pathologic fracture, and rarely by malignant transformation. This review examines interesting issues surrounding the etiology of fibrous dysplasia, its clinical and laboratory manifestations, radiological picture, utility of bone biopsy, gross and microscopic pathology, complications, and its differential diagnostic considerations.Keywords: fibrous dysplasia, McCune-Albright syndrome, monostotic form, polyostotic form

  12. Canine cutaneous histiocytoma is an epidermotropic Langerhans cell histiocytosis that expresses CD1 and specific beta 2-integrin molecules.

    OpenAIRE

    Moore, P. F.; Schrenzel, M. D.; Affolter, V. K.; Olivry, T.; Naydan, D.

    1996-01-01

    Canine cutaneous histiocytoma (CCH) is a common, benign neoplasm of the dog. Histiocytomas most commonly occur as solitary lesions that undergo spontaneous regression. The age-specific incidence rate for histiocytomas drops precipitously after 3 years, although histiocytomas occur in dogs of all ages. Langerhans cells (LCs) in humans and dogs express abundant major histocompatibility complex class II molecules and a variety of leukocyte antigens characteristic of dendritic cell differentiatio...

  13. Steel Fibrous Concrete

    International Science & Technology Center (ISTC)

    The Construction of Reliable and Durable Structural Units for Energy Facilities, Transportation Facilities and Other Structures Subjected to the Action of a Variety of Conditions and Loads Using New Compound Material - Steel Fibrous Concrete

  14. A case of congenital solitary Langerhans cell histiocytoma.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ricciardo, Bernadette

    2012-02-01

    A newborn baby boy was referred to the Paediatric Dermatology Unit with a solitary asymptomatic nodule overlying his right nasolabial fold. Complete physical examination, full blood count, serum chemistry, liver function tests and baseline imaging were unremarkable. Histopathological examination showed an atypical dermal infiltrate of mononuclear cells that stained positive with CD1a and S100. A diagnosis of congenital solitary Langerhans cell histiocytoma was made. The lesion completely resolved by 4 months of age. The baby is now 15 months old and repeat systemic evaluation has remained normal.

  15. Solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney. Case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bozkurt, Suheyla Uyar; Ahiskali, Rengin; Kaya, Handan; Demir, Aslan; Ilker, Yalcin

    2007-03-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors are rare spindle cell neoplasms usually arising in the pleura. They have, however, also been reported at extrapleural locations. Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the kidney is rare. Despite its rarity, histological diagnosis of solitary fibrous tumor is crucial to avoid misdiagnosis with other more aggressive tumors arising in the kidney. We report a solitary fibrous tumor of the left kidney that presented as a malignant tumor in a 51-year-old woman, and include clinical and radiographic findings. The tumor was well circumscribed and composed of spindle cells in a collagenous stroma. Immunohistochemistry showed reactivity for vimentin, CD 34, BCL-2 protein and CD99. Immunohistochemical stains for cytokeratin, S-100, desmin, alpha-smooth muscle actin and HMB-45 were negative. A diagnosis of SFT was made based on light microscopy and immunohistochemistry. PMID:17367473

  16. Fibrous monolithic ceramics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fibrous monolithic ceramics are an example of a laminate in which a controlled, three-dimensional structure has been introduced on a submillimeter scale. This unique structure allows this all-ceramic material to fail in a nonbrittle manner. Materials have been fabricated and tested with a variety of architectures. The influence on mechanical properties at room temperature and at high temperature of the structure of the constituent phases and the architecture in which they are arranged are discussed. The elastic properties of these materials can be effectively predicted using existing models. These models also can be extended to predict the strength of fibrous monoliths with an arbitrary orientation and architecture. However, the mechanisms that govern the energy absorption capacity of fibrous monoliths are unique, and experimental results do not follow existing models. Energy dissipation occurs through two dominant mechanisms--delamination of the weak interphases and then frictional sliding after cracking occurs. The properties of the constituent phases that maximize energy absorption are discussed. In this article, the authors examine the structure of Si3N4-BN fibrous monoliths from the submillimeter scale of the crack-deflecting cell-cell boundary features to the nanometer scale of the BN cell boundaries

  17. Craniofacial fibrous dysplasia - radiological findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A short literature review of fibrous dysplasia is made. The clinical and diagnostic problems concerning localization of fibrous bone changes in cranio-facial region are precisely discussed. A classification of myelofibrosis lesions due to clinical forms, localization of changes and presence of another disturbances (pigmentations, endocrinopathies etc.) is presented. Two cases of accidentally found fibrous lesions of the skull and jaws during radiological (CBCT) examination because of dental implant treatment are described. (authors) Key words: ALBRIGHT SYNDROME. CRANIOFACIAL FIBROUS DYSPLASIA, FIBROUS BONE LESION. LICHTENSTEIN SYNDROME. MYELOFIBROUS LESION

  18. Fibrous dysplasia of bone

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fibrous dysplasia of bone is a skeletal development anomaly of unknown etiology characterized by single or multiple areas of fibrous tissue replacement of medullary cavity of one or more bones. The disease may be localized to single bone (monostotic form) or may affect multiple bones (polyostotic form). Eighteen cases of fibrous dysplasia diagnosed by roentgenlogic or histologic assessment at Chosun University Hospital, Chosun University Hospital and Kwangju Christian Hospital during recent ten tears were analyzed clinically and radiologically. The results were as follows: 1. 16 case of them had monostotic involvement, and 2 cases showed polyostotic disease, but none of our series presented Albright's syndrome. 2. The male to female ratio in this series was 10 : 8, but then 2 polyostotic forms of them were females. In age distribution, peak incidence at the time of diagnosis was in the age group of second decade (10 cases). 3. Maxilla (6 cases) and femur (4 case) were frequently involved sites in patients with monostotic lesion, whereas polyostotic lesions diffusely affected skull, pelvis, ribs and limb bones. 4. The clinical symptoms according to the extent and site of disease were very variable, which were localized painless or painful swelling, nasal obstruction, deformity of face or extremity and incidentally during routine roentgen study. 5. The chemical abnormality of blood serum was moderate degree of elevated serum alkaline phosphatase in only one patients witaline phosphatase in only one patients with monostotic lesion. 6. The main radiologic findings of fibrous dysplasia were relatively well circumscribed single or multiloculated cystilike appearance, bone expansion, cortical thinning and/or erosion, bony deformity and pathologic fracture, but especially in maxilla, dense homogenous area with expanding lesion was observed in our series

  19. Intraarterial Chemotherapy for Extremity Osteosarcoma and MFH in Adults

    OpenAIRE

    Hugate, Ronald R.; Wilkins, Ross M.; Kelly, Cynthia M.; Madsen, Walt; Hinshaw, Ioana; Camozzi, Anne B.

    2008-01-01

    The neoadjuvant treatment of osteosarcoma using intravenous agents has resulted in survival rates of 55% to 77% [3, 5, 6, 20, 22, 35]. We designed a neoadjuvant chemotherapy protocol using combined intraarterial and intravenous agents to treat high-grade osteosarcoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma of bone in an attempt to improve survival. We report the results of treating 53 adults (age 18–77 years) diagnosed with nonmetastatic extremity osteosarcoma or malignant fibrous histiocytoma. Pr...

  20. Pagetoid polyostotic fibrous dysplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosalkar, Rashmi Maruti; Pathak, Jigna; Swain, Niharika; Mohanty, Neeta

    2015-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a benign skeletal lesion occurring due to mutation of Gs ? gene and involves one or multiple bones. We present a case of a 30-year-old female patient, with a 1-year history of swelling under her right eye that had gradually increased in size. Extraoral examination revealed a diffuse swelling extending anteroposteriorly from preauricular region to nasolabial fold, frontonasal region and superoinferiorly from zygoma to body of mandible, causing ipsilateral proptosis and contralateral deviation of nose. Intraoral examination showed obliteration of right upper and lower buccal vestibule. CT disclosed expansile lytic lesions involving multiple skull bones, jaws, sternum, rib and thoracic vertebrae. Histopathology displayed broad and interconnected trabeculae connected to the host bone exhibiting reversal lines resembling the mosaic pattern of Paget's disease. These features suggested pagetoid polyostotic FD. The patient underwent cosmetic recontouring and is under regular follow-up postoperatively. PMID:25969488

  1. Solitary fibrous tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianni Tunesi

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm which may be found everywhere in the body. It is now distinguished into two forms, pleural and extrapleural, which morphologically resemble each other. Abdomi­nal localizations are quite rare, with 10 cases only reported in bladder; rarely they can be source of paraneoplastic syndromes (i.e., hypoglycemia secondary to insulin-like growth factor. In April 2006 a 74-year-old white male presented with chills, diaphoresis and acute abdominal pain with hematuria. At admission in emergency he underwent an abdominal X-ray (no pathological findings and an ultrasound examination of the kidneys and urinary tract, which revealed a pelvic hyperechogenic neoformation measuring approximately 10¥8¥7 cm, compressing the bladder. Blood chemistry at admission revealed only a mild neutrophilic leucocytosis (WBC 16600, N 80%, L 11%, elevated fibrinogen and ESR, and hypoglycemia (38 mg/dL. Macro­scopic hematuria was evident, while urinocolture was negative. Contrast enhanced CT scan of the abdomen and pelvic region revealed a large round neoformation dislocating the bladder, with an evident contrast-enhanced periphery and a central necrotic area. Continuous infusion of glucose 5% solution was necessary in order to maintain blood glucose levels above 50 mg/dL. The patient underwent complete surgical resection of an ovoidal mass coated by adipose tissue, with well delimited margins; histological findings were consistent with solitary fibrous tumor (SFT. Hypoglycemia resolved completely with removal of the growth. In this case report we describe a SFT growing in the bladder, a quite rare localization, which presented a unique hypoglycemia. In contrast to the majority of cases reported in the literature, the behavior of this SFT was not aggressive, and, since the patient is still alive, surgical resection was considered conclusive.

  2. Giant Solitary Fibrous Tumor of Orbit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tenekeci, Goktekin; Sari, Alper; Vayisoglu, Yusuf; Serin, Onur

    2015-07-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) have been reported in various locations in the body. Solitary fibrous tumors are extremely rare tumors, especially when located in the orbit. Diagnosis of SFT cannot be made based on histopathology only because it exhibits a variable microscopic appearance, and necessitates immunohistochemistry to confirm the diagnosis.A 51-year-old man was admitted to our clinic for the evaluation of a mass bulging in his left eye. Clinical examination revealed a painless mass extruding out of the orbital cavity with dimensions of 8?×?7?cm. Exenteration of the left eye including the upper and lower eyelid and reconstruction of the orbital cavity using a temporoparietal fascia flap and a temporal muscle flap was performed.SFT of orbital region is known as a slow growing and painless tumor. Based on previous studies, increased mitotic rate of the tumor gives the impression that the tumor has a malignant nature. Until now a small number or orbital SFTs were reported and none of them presented with a giant mass protruding out of the orbital cavity. We present a unique case of orbital SFT filling the whole orbital cavity and protruding outward as a giant mass. This case has been reported to expand our knowledge in this debated entity. PMID:26102546

  3. Calcified fibrous pseudotumor of spermatic cord

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Paratesticular tumors are infrequent and most are benigns. This a case presentation of a patient aged 24 with a history of good health coming to our consultation by presence of a hard and painless 4 cm tumor in right scrotum with a 6 months course. Scrotal ultrasound (US) showed a well circumscribed heterogeneous lesion separate of epididymis and the testis. Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) was not possible by hardness of tumor. A inguinal surgery was performed and the total tumor exeresis using freezing biopsy negative of malignancy. Final histopathological report was: calcified fibrous pseudotumor of spermatic cord. Patient's course has been satisfactory. Significance of inguinal surgery was confirmed for the paratesticular tumor approach, even more when FNAB it is not conclusive for diagnosis.(author)

  4. Diagnostic value of FDG PET-CT for detecting primary breast malignancy: comparison with other image modalities and histopathologic correlation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To compare the diagnostic value of 18F-FDG PET-CT in detecting the primary breast malignancy with other imaging modalities and to determine whether detectability of PET-CT depends on any factors such as size, differentiation, or nuclear grade of tumor. We evaluated pathologically proven 66 lesions in 61 patients (26-74 years, mean 46.9) who underwent preoperative PET-CT. Other imaging modalities were also evaluated: mammography in 58, US in 49 and MRI in 16. PET-CT images were visually evaluated and peak and mean SUV of mass were measured. For mammography and US, category 4 and 5 lesions as positive, and category 0-3 lesions as negative. For MRI, we used morphology and dynamic kinetic curve data based scoring system; sum of the scores higher than 10 as positive. Sensitivities of each modality were obtained. We analyzed PET-CT positive and negative groups in relation to size, SUV, differentiation and nuclear grade of tumors using paired t-test and Fisher's exact test. 65 among 66 were malignant lesions: invasive ductal carcinoma (n=56), ductal carcinoma in situ (n=3), tubular carcinoma (n=1), medullary carcinoma(n=3), mucinous carcinoma(n=1) and malignant fibrous histiocytoma (n=1). One lesion was benign lesion. Sensitivities of PET-CT, mammography, US, and MRI for detecting malignant mass were 86.2%, 80.7%, 100% and 94.1% respectively. SUV(P) and SUV(M) in PET-CT positive group (5.28±3.24 and 3.56±2.24) was significantly higher than that of PET CT negative group (1.r than that of PET CT negative group (1.96±0.35 and 1.46±0.44) [p<0.0001 for both]. The size of the primary mass in PET-CT positive group (2.66±1.47) was significantly larger than that in PET-CT negative group (1.52±0.57) (p=0.0002). The nuclear grade and tumor differentiation were not significantly different between two groups. The sensitivity of the FDG PET-CT in detecting primary breast cancer is lower than those of other imaging modalities. The detectability of the FDG PET-CT might be degraded when the tumor is small in size

  5. Radiological features of fibrous mediastinitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fibrous mediastinitis is a rare disease which raises diagnostic problems. On the basis of two case reports and a review of the literature, the authors recall the various clinical and radiological features and discuss the contribution of various imaging methods

  6. Fibrous dysplasia-recent concepts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anitha, N.; Sankari, S. Leena; Malathi, L.; Karthick, R.

    2015-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a benign intramedullary fibro-osseous lesion. FD is a bone developmental anomaly characterized by replacement of normal bone and marrow bone by fibrous tissue. It involves any of the bones as single lesion (monostotic) or in multiple bone lesions (polyostotic) or all of the skeletal system (panostotic). Long bones are most commonly involved, which mostly identified incidentally and clinically appears asymptomatic. Clinical, radiographical and histopathological findings will help in confirming the lesion. There are many treatment option available, but still management of FD remains challenging.

  7. Denosumab Treatment for Fibrous Dysplasia

    OpenAIRE

    Boyce, AM; Chong, WH; J. Yao; Gafni, RI; Kelly, MH; Chamberlain, CE; Bassim, C; Cherman, N; Ellsworth, M; Kasa-Vubu, JZ; Farley, FA; Molinolo, AA; Bhattacharyya, N; Collins, MT

    2012-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a skeletal disease caused by somatic activating mutations of the cAMP-regulating protein, Gs?. These mutations lead to replacement of normal bone by proliferative osteogenic precursors, resulting in deformity, fracture, and pain. Medical treatment has been ineffective in altering the disease course. RANK ligand (RANKL) is a cell surface protein involved in many cellular processes, including osteoclastogenesis, and is reported to be overexpressed in FD-like bone cell...

  8. Fracture toughness in fibrous materials

    CERN Document Server

    Menezes-Sobrinho, I L

    2001-01-01

    In the present paper, a fiber bundle model in (1+1)-dimensions that simulates the rupture process of a fibrous material pulled by an uniaxial force F is analyzed. In this model the load of a broken fiber is shifted in equal portions onto the nearest unbroken fibers. The force-displacement diagram is obtained for several traction velocities v and temperatures t. Also, it is shown how the fracture toughness $K_c$ changes with the traction velocity v and with the temperature t. In this paper it is shown that the rupture process is strongly dependent on temperature t and on velocity v.

  9. Malignant mesothelioma

    OpenAIRE

    Parker Robert J; Moore Alastair J; Wiggins John

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Malignant mesothelioma is a fatal asbestos-associated malignancy originating from the lining cells (mesothelium) of the pleural and peritoneal cavities, as well as the pericardium and the tunica vaginalis. The exact prevalence is unknown but it is estimated that mesotheliomas represent less than 1% of all cancers. Its incidence is increasing, with an expected peak in the next 10–20 years. Pleural malignant mesothelioma is the most common form of mesothelioma. Typical presenting featu...

  10. Antibacterial Properties of Nanosilver PLLA Fibrous Membranes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Li

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Nanosilver has been studied as a valuable material for it strong antibacterial effects. In this study, we investigated the antibacterial properties of nano silver Poly-L-Lactic acid (Ag/PLLA composite fibrous membranes. Ag/PLLA fibrous membranes were prepared with silver nanoparticles having weight ratio of silver nanoparticles to PLLA at 5% (w/w. In vitro antibacterial tests were performed using Escherichia coli (E. coli and Staphylococcus aureus (Staph. to determine the antibacterial capability of the Ag/PLLA fibrous membranes. As the results suggested, Ag/PLLA fibrous membranes showed strong antibacterial properties. Thus, Ag/PLLA fibrous membrane can be used as an antibacterial scaffold for tissue engineering.

  11. Radiation-associated synovial-sarcoma: clinicopathological and molecular analysis of two cases.

    OpenAIRE

    Egger, J-F; Coindre, J-M; Benhattar, J; COUCKE, Philippe; L. Guillou

    2002-01-01

    Development of a soft-tissue sarcoma is an infrequent but well-known long-term complication of radiotherapy. Malignant fibrous histiocytomas, extraskeletal osteosarcomas, fibrosarcomas, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors, and angiosarcomas are most frequently encountered. Radiationassociated synovial sarcomas are exceptional. We report the clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular features of two radiationassociated synovial sarcomas. One tumor dev...

  12. A case of triple cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 31-year-old woman with breast cancer and sigmoid cancer who developed postradiation sarcoma on the chest was reported. There malignant tumors occurred at different times. Pathological examination revealed that breast cancer was classified as infiltrating ductal carcinoma, sigmoid cancer as adenocarcinoma papillotubulae, postradiation sarcoma as malignant fibrous histiocytoma. (Namekawa, K.)

  13. Haemangiopericytoma/solitary fibrous tumour of the greater omentum

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    J H R, Becker; M Z, Koto; O Y, Matsevych; N M, Bida.

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available We report a rare case of haemangiopericytoma/solitary fibrous tumour of the greater omentum in a 41-year-old woman. It presented as a large mobile abdominal mass measuring 30 ? 24 ? 8 cm. A computed tomography scan confirmed the presence of a large vascular tumour, and biochemical tumour markers wer [...] e non-contributory. The tumour was removed through a conventional laparotomy incision with the aid of a Ligasure dissector. There were no macroscopic metastases, and histologically it was benign. The size of >5 cm, however, suggests that it may have been malignant. In the absence of visible metastases and in view of the favourable histological features, it was decided to follow up the patient very closely and give further treatment if necessary.

  14. Solitary fibrous tumor of the intrathoracic goiter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaziri, Mohammad; Molanaei, Saadat; Tamannaei, Zeinab

    2014-01-01

    Solitary Fibrous Tumors (SFTs) are rare primary pleural neoplasms which have recently been reported in extra-thoracic sites. In this report, solitary fibrous tumor arising in an intra-thoracic goiter with no evidence of cervical mass in a 74-year-old obese man who was found to have a large superior mediastinal mass with tracheal deviation on Chest X-Ray is presented. PMID:25405117

  15. Antibacterial Properties of Nanosilver PLLA Fibrous Membranes

    OpenAIRE

    Lin Li; Yi Li; Jiashen Li; Lei Yao; Mak, Arthur F.T.; Frank Ko; Ling Qin

    2009-01-01

    Nanosilver has been studied as a valuable material for it strong antibacterial effects. In this study, we investigated the antibacterial properties of nano silver Poly-L-Lactic acid (Ag/PLLA) composite fibrous membranes. Ag/PLLA fibrous membranes were prepared with silver nanoparticles having weight ratio of silver nanoparticles to PLLA at 5% (w/w). In vitro antibacterial tests were performed using Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (Staph.) to determine the antibacteri...

  16. Malignant mesothelioma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parker Robert J

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Malignant mesothelioma is a fatal asbestos-associated malignancy originating from the lining cells (mesothelium of the pleural and peritoneal cavities, as well as the pericardium and the tunica vaginalis. The exact prevalence is unknown but it is estimated that mesotheliomas represent less than 1% of all cancers. Its incidence is increasing, with an expected peak in the next 10–20 years. Pleural malignant mesothelioma is the most common form of mesothelioma. Typical presenting features are those of chest pain and dyspnoea. Breathlessness due to a pleural effusion without chest pain is reported in about 30% of patients. A chest wall mass, weight loss, sweating, abdominal pain and ascites (due to peritoneal involvement are less common presentations. Mesothelioma is directly attributable to occupational asbestos exposure with a history of exposure in over 90% of cases. There is also evidence that mesothelioma may result from both para-occupational exposure and non-occupational "environmental" exposure. Idiopathic or spontaneous mesothelioma can also occur in the absence of any exposure to asbestos, with a spontaneous rate in humans of around one per million. A combination of accurate exposure history, along with examination radiology and pathology are essential to make the diagnosis. Distinguishing malignant from benign pleural disease can be challenging. The most helpful CT findings suggesting malignant pleural disease are 1 a circumferential pleural rind, 2 nodular pleural thickening, 3 pleural thickening of > 1 cm and 4 mediastinal pleural involvement. Involvement of a multidisciplinary team is recommended to ensure prompt and appropriate management, using a framework of radiotherapy, chemotherapy, surgery and symptom palliation with end of life care. Compensation issues must also be considered. Life expectancy in malignant mesothelioma is poor, with a median survival of about one year following diagnosis.

  17. Complex cellular composition of solitary fibrous tumor of the prostate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gharaee-Kermani, Mehrnaz; Mehra, Rohit; Robinson, Dan R; Wei, John T; Macoska, Jill A

    2014-03-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) of the prostate are a rare type of spindle cell neoplasm that can demonstrate either a benign or malignant phenotype. SFTs represent a clinical challenge along with other spindle cell lesions of the prostate in terms of both diagnosis and treatment. The present study shows, for the first time, that SFTs of the prostate and other organs can comprise a mixed population of fibroblast, myofibroblast, and smooth muscle cell types. The highly proliferative component demonstrated a fibroblastic phenotype that readily underwent myofibroblast differentiation on exposure to profibrotic stimuli. Consistent with other recent studies, the prostatic SFTs demonstrated NAB2-STAT6 gene fusions that were also present in the fibroblast, myofibroblast, and smooth muscle cell types of the SFT. The results of these studies suggest that benign and malignant prostatic tumors of mesenchymal origin may be distinguished at the molecular and cellular levels, and that delineation of such defining characteristics may help elucidate the etiology and prognosis of such tumors. PMID:24434011

  18. Malignant Catatonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayca Ozkul

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Catatonia is a syndrome characterized by mutism, immobility, negativism, stereotypy, mannerisms, echophenomena, perseveration and passive obedience. The underlying causes can be psychiatric or may be associated with general medical status or neurological diseases. Additionally catatonia has two subtypes as malignant and nonmalignant catatonia. Main symptoms of malignant catatonia are hyperthermia and autonomic symptoms such as tachycardia, tachypnea and hyperhidrosis. It is important to make the diagnosis as early as possible for an appropriate medical treatment. Clinicians should be aware of the fatal outcome of the disease.

  19. Malignant Pyoderma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohanty Juthika

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A 30 year old man presented with multiple ulcers with necrotic base over scalp, neck, presternal region. Neither any systemic disease was associated nor any abnormality by laboratory investigation was found. Patient responding well to dapsone and corticosteroid. It was designated as a case of malignant pyoderma.

  20. Hematologic malignancies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoogstraten, B.

    1986-01-01

    The principle aim of this book is to give practical guidelines to the modern treatment of the six important hematologic malignancies. Topics considered include the treatment of the chronic leukemias; acute leukemia in adults; the myeloproliferative disorders: polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, and idiopathic myelofibrosis/agnogenic myeloid metaplasia; Hodgkin's Disease; non-Hodgkin's lymphoma; and Multiple Myeloma.

  1. Hematologic malignancies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The principle aim of this book is to give practical guidelines to the modern treatment of the six important hematologic malignancies. Topics considered include the treatment of the chronic leukemias; acute leukemia in adults; the myeloproliferative disorders: polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, and idiopathic myelofibrosis/agnogenic myeloid metaplasia; Hodgkin's Disease; non-Hodgkin's lymphoma; and Multiple Myeloma

  2. Solitary fibrous tumor of the thyroid gland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizuuchi, Yusuke; Yamamoto, Hidetaka; Nakamura, Katsuya; Shirahane, Kengo; Souzaki, Masae; Tanaka, Masao; Oda, Yoshinao

    2014-06-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor is a spindle cell neoplasm rarely arising in the thyroid gland. We present a 78-year-old man with the diagnosis of solitary fibrous tumor of the thyroid gland resected by subtotal thyroidectomy. Fine needle aspiration cytology via ultrasound guidance demonstrated a hypocellular aspirate that revealed follicular epithelial cells with mild nuclear atypia and scattered spindle cells with bland nuclei. Histologically, the patternless proliferation of spindle cells was seen among collagenous bundles, accompanied by hemangiopericytomatous vessels, and variously dilated follicles with mild atypical cells having slightly enlarged nuclei, indicating adenomatous goiter. The neoplastic spindle cells showed diffuse immunoreactivity to CD34, bcl-2, CD99 and vimentin, but were negative for cytokeratins, calcitonin, TTF-1 and CD5. Although solitary fibrous tumor arising in thyroid gland is rare, this tumor should be included in the differential diagnosis of thyroid spindle cell tumors and also that of adenomatous. PMID:24013381

  3. Enzymes in bast fibrous plant processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozlowski, Ryszard; Batog, Jolanta; Konczewicz, Wanda; Mackiewicz-Talarczyk, Maria; Muzyczek, Malgorzata; Sedelnik, Natalia; Tanska, Bogumila

    2006-05-01

    The program COST Action 847 Textile Quality and Biotechnology (2000-2005) has given an excellent chance to review the possibilities of the research, aiming at development of the industrial application of enzymes for bast fibrous plant degumming and primary processing. The recent advancements in enzymatic processing of bast fibrous plants (flax, hemp, jute, ramie and alike plants) and related textiles are given. The performance of enzymes in degumming, modification of bast fibres, roving, yarn, related fabrics as well as enzymatic bonding of lignocellulosic composites is provided. PMID:16791732

  4. P53 pseudogene: potential role in heat shock induced apoptosis in a rat histiocytoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amere Subbarao Sreedhar

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The p53 tumor suppressor gene is either non- functional or highly and frequently mutated in majority of cancers. In our study towards understanding cellular adaptations to stress using a rat histiocytic tumor model, we have identified mis-sense mutation in p53 that led to premature termination of translation at the carboxyl-termi- nus. Further, the cDNA isolated from heat stre- ssed cells producing two amplicons with cDNA specific primers (N-terminus suggested occurrence of possible pseudogene(s. A comparative analysis between different tumor cell lines of rat origin and rat genomic DNA using p53 gene specific primers resulted in the amplification of a processed pseudogene and its positive interaction with wild type p53 probe on Southern blot analysis. The genomic DNA sequence analysis, and sequence comparison with cDNA discovered that the processed pseudogene lacks DNA binding domain and nuclear localization signal, however, contains the ribosomal entry and stop signals. Rat genome BLAST analysis of the pesudogene suggested chromosome-18 localization which was in addition to 14, 13, 10, 9 localization of the cDNA. In the interest of unraveling hidden dimensions of p53 tumor suppressor gene, our study explores the probability of p53 functional pseudogenes in rat histiocytoma.

  5. Cervical spinal monostotic fibrous dysplasia: A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Monostotic fibrous dysplasia of the cervical vertebra is quite unusual. The author reports a case of monostotic fibrous dysplasia affecting the second cervical vertebra with descriptions from the CT, MR and bone scanning findings.

  6. Fibrous pseudotumor of the epididymis: imaging and pathologic correlation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report the case of a 25-year-old man who presented a fibrous pseudotumor of the epididymis, a rare focal location of nodular and diffuse fibrous proliferation. We provide the ultrasonographic and MRI findings with pathologic correlation. (orig.)

  7. Fibrous pseudotumor of the epididymis: imaging and pathologic correlation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krainik, A.; Sarrazin, J.L.; Cordoliani, Y.S. [Hopital d' Instruction des Armees du Val de Grace, Paris (France). Dept. of Radiology; Camparo, P. [Hopital d' Instruction des Armees du Val de Grace, Paris (France). Dept. of Pathology; Vincendeau, S.; Houlgatte, A. [Hopital d' Instruction des Armees du Val de Grace, Paris (France). Dept. of Urology

    2000-10-01

    We report the case of a 25-year-old man who presented a fibrous pseudotumor of the epididymis, a rare focal location of nodular and diffuse fibrous proliferation. We provide the ultrasonographic and MRI findings with pathologic correlation. (orig.)

  8. FIBROUS COLLAGEN MATERIAL: LEATHER TREATED WITH TOCOPHEROL

    Science.gov (United States)

    As a collagen fibrous material, leather is economically significant because it is a major coproduct derived from the meat industry. Although the majority of leather is tanned using Cr-III salts, environmental concerns over the use and disposal of chrome-tanned leather encourage the use of chrome-fr...

  9. Research priorities for advanced fibrous composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumann, K. J.; Swedlow, J. L.

    1981-01-01

    Priorities for research in advanced laminated fibrous composite materials are presented. Supporting evidence is presented in two bodies, including a general literature survey and a survey of aerospace composite hardware and service experience. Both surveys were undertaken during 1977-1979. Specific results and conclusions indicate that a significant portion of contemporary published research diverges from recommended priorites.

  10. Solitary fibrous tumor of the soft palate: A report of two cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xue-Ming; Yu, Jian-Qun; Xu, Guo-Hui

    2014-06-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are a unique group of mesenchymal neoplasms of fibroblastic or myofibroblastic origin and are extremely rare in the oral cavity. The present study reported two additional cases of SFTs in the soft palate, along with the computed tomography characteristics, which demonstrated well-circumscribed soft tissue lesions with marked and homogenous enhancement. Following wide resection, one of the cases showed certain malignant pathological characteristics, including infiltration of mucinous gland, hypercellularity, nuclear atypia and weak positive staining for S-100. In our experience, SFTs should be considered as a differential diagnosis when a well-circumscribed and solid mass in the soft palate is identified. PMID:24932272

  11. Cancer of the Bone and Joint

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... types of primary bone cancer are osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, and chondrosarcoma. Secondary bone cancer is cancer that spreads to the bone from another part of the body (such as the prostate, breast, or lung). Primary bone cancer is far less ...

  12. Electron microprobe identification of fibrous aerosols in ambient air

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclepore filters were used for sampling fibrous particles in ambient air. The fiber counting and fiber size measurements were done by means of SEM-methods. The number of fibers, distribution of fiber lengths, and diameters were plotted. The specific identification of asbestos fibers was made by electron microprobe analysis. Certain elements such as Si, Fe, Mg, Al, Mn, Ca, and Na as well as ratios such as Fe/Si and Mg/Si proved to be approximative identification factors for ambient asbestos. Not only asbestos and glass, also many other inorganic fibrous particles were found in the urban atmosphere as well as in the atmosphere of remote regions. Fibrous gypsum, fibrous ammonium sulfates, fibrous silicates, fibrous mica, and quartz were identified among these particles. Even in remote ambient air, relatively high concentrations of fibrous particles (103-104 m-3) could be measured, although the concentration of asbestos fibers were usually smaller than 102 m-3

  13. Combination of laser treatment and intraluminal radiotherapy for malignant dysphagia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Laser treatment for malignant dysphagia is limited by recurrent intraluminal turmour requiring repeated treatment at four to eight week intervals. To reduce the need for follow up treatment and to improve survival patients successfully palliated by laser were treated with intraluminal radio-therapy. The combination of laser treatment with intraluminal radiotherapy provides good palliation and may reduce the need for repeated endoscopic treatment. Fibrous stricture formation is a common complication. (Author)

  14. Low-grade central osteosarcoma of distal femur, resembling fibrous dysplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haris S Vasiliadis

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of a 32 year-old male, admitted for a lytic lesion of the distal femur. One month after the first X-ray, clinical and imaging deterioration was evident. Open biopsy revealed fibrous dysplasia. Three months later, the lytic lesion had spread to the whole distal third of the femur reaching the articular cartilage. The malignant clinical and imaging features necessitated excision of the lesion and reconstruction with a custom-made total knee arthroplasty. Intra-operatively, no obvious soft tissue infiltration was evident. Nevertheless, an excision of the distal 15.5 cm of the femur including 3.0 cm of the surrounding muscles was finally performed. The histological examination of the excised specimen revealed central low-grade osteosarcoma. Based on the morphological features of the excised tumor, allied to the clinical findings, the diagnosis of low-grade central osteosarcoma was finally made although characters of a fibrous dysplasia were apparent. Central low-grade osteosarcoma is a rare, well-differentiated sub-type of osteosarcoma, with clinical, imaging, and histological features similar to benign tumours. Thus, initial misdiagnosis is usual with the condition commonly mistaken for fibrous dysplasia. Central low-grade osteosarcoma is usually treated with surgery alone, with rare cases of distal metastases. However, regional recurrence is quite frequent after close margin excision.

  15. A case of solitary fibrous tumor arising from the palatine tonsil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanazawa, Takeharu; Kodama, Kozue; Nokubi, Mitsuhiro; Gotsu, Kazuo; Shinnabe, Akihiro; Hasegawa, Masayo; Kusaka, Gen; Iino, Yukiko

    2015-03-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a distinctive, relatively uncommon soft-tissue neoplasm that usually arises from the pleura. It occurs at various sites; head and neck lesions are very rare. While most of these tumors have a benign course, a small number have malignant potential. We describe a rare case of SFT arising from the left palatine tonsil in a 66-year-old Japanese woman. The mass was completely resected. Immunohistochemical studies were strongly positive for CD34 and bcl-2, mildly positive for phosphorylated protein kinase B and phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, and negative for platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha and p53. These findings suggested that this tumor was benign. The patient showed no evidence of recurrence during 2 years of follow-up. We believe that the candidate prognostic marker should be checked to distinguish malignant from benign SFTs. PMID:25738718

  16. Depsipeptide (Romidepsin) in Treating Patients With Metastatic or Unresectable Soft Tissue Sarcoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-26

    Adult Alveolar Soft-part Sarcoma; Adult Angiosarcoma; Adult Epithelioid Sarcoma; Adult Extraskeletal Chondrosarcoma; Adult Extraskeletal Osteosarcoma; Adult Fibrosarcoma; Adult Leiomyosarcoma; Adult Liposarcoma; Adult Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma; Adult Malignant Hemangiopericytoma; Adult Malignant Mesenchymoma; Adult Neurofibrosarcoma; Adult Rhabdomyosarcoma; Adult Synovial Sarcoma; Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor; Metastatic Ewing Sarcoma/Peripheral Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor; Recurrent Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Recurrent Ewing Sarcoma/Peripheral Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor; Stage III Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Stage IV Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma

  17. Rapid onset of cutaneous angiosarcoma after radiotherapy for breast carcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malignant neoplasms known to develop following external beam radiation include squamous cell carcinoma, osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, mixed mullerian tumors, malignant schwannoma, myelogenous leukemia and angiosarcoma. Latency periods of many years characterize the onset of these tumors following the exposure. Cutaneous angiosarcoma following radiotherapy for breast carcinoma has been rarely documented, occurring up to 13 years postirradiation. Two cases of this entity are reported occurring 37 months postradiotherapy at the site of mastectomy performed for mammary duct carcinoma

  18. Primary Malignant Teratoma with a Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor Component in Thyroid Gland : A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Eunyoung; Bae, Tae Seok; Kwon, Youngmee; Kim, Tae Hyun; Chung, Ki-wook; Kim, Sun Wook; Ro, Jungsil; Lee, Eun Sook

    2007-01-01

    Teratomas comprise the most common extragonadal germ cell tumors in childhood. Most teratomas involving the thyroid are benign and occur in children. However, the adult cases reported are mostly malignant and commonly arise in the thyroid. We report a case of a 31-yr-old female with a huge neck mass. Pathologic examination revealed it to be malignant teratoma composed of primitive neuroepithelial tissue with primitive neural tubes and loose myxoid to fibrous immature mesenchymal stroma. The p...

  19. Dedifferentiated adamantinoma associated with fibrous dysplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nouri, H; Jaafoura, H; Bouaziz, M; Ouertatani, M; Abid, L; Meherzi, M H; Ladeb, M F; Mestiri, M

    2011-11-01

    A 21-year-old patient presented with an aggressive lesion of the left tibia associated to lymph nodes and lung metastasis. Histological examination revealed a high grade spindle cell sarcoma involving some areas of cytokeratine positive cells. Ultrastructural examination showed the presence of epithelial features in the sarcomatoid cells. The diagnosis of dedifferentiated spindle-celled adamantinoma was established. A second lesion of the right tibia was diagnosed as fibrous dysplasia. The patient had a leg amputation. He died 2 years later with multiple lung and bone metastases. The diagnosis of dedifferentiated adamantinoma should be considered when a clinician is confronted with a tibial biopsy of a "keratin-positive sarcoma". The association with fibrous dysplasia in this case is discussed. PMID:22000283

  20. Nonlinear mechanics of soft fibrous materials

    CERN Document Server

    Ogden, Raymond

    2015-01-01

    The book presents a state-of-the-art overview of the fundamental theories, established models and ongoing research related to the modeling of these materials. Two approaches are conventionally used to develop constitutive relations for highly deformable fibrous materials. According to the phenomenological approach, a strain energy density function can be defined in terms of strain invariants. The other approach is based on kinetic theories, which treats a fibrous material as a randomly oriented inter-tangled network of long molecular chains bridged by permanent and temporary junctions. At the micro-level, these are associated with chemical crosslinks and active entanglements, respectively. The papers include carefully crafted overviews of the fundamental formulation of the three-dimensional theory from several points of view, and address their equivalences and differences. Also included are solutions to boundary-value problems which are amenable to experimental verification. A further aspect is the elasticity...

  1. Oriented fibrous structures for concrete reinforcement

    OpenAIRE

    Fangueiro, Rau?l; Marques, P.; Pereira, Cristiana Gonilho; Arau?jo, Ma?rio Duarte

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports on the work that is being undertaken at the University of Minho concerning the development of directionally oriented fibrous structures (DOFS) to be used as a concrete reinforcement material. Several glass fibre wovenlike DOFS were produced varying two parameters: roving linear density (tex) and reinforcement structural density (rovings/cm). Self-compacting concrete slabs were reinforced by DOFS structures and their bending behaviour was evaluated. The results were compared...

  2. Toxicity and Carcinogenicity Mechanisms of Fibrous Antigorite

    OpenAIRE

    Michael Balazy; Silvana Capella; Annamaria Panico; Elena Belluso; Laura Lombardo; Venera Cardile

    2007-01-01

    We studied the effects of fibrous antigorite on mesothelial MeT-5A and monocyte-macrophage J774 cell lines to further understand cellular mechanisms induced by asbestos fibers leading to lung damage and cancer. Antigorite is a mineral with asbestiform properties, which tends to associate with chrysotile or tremolite, and frequently occurs as the predominant mineral in the veins of several serpentinite rocks found abundantly in the Western Alps. Particles containing antigorite are more abundan...

  3. A Case of Extensive polyostotic fibrous dysplasia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Byung Do [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Iksan (Korea, Republic of); Hwang, Eui Hwan; Lee, Sang Rae [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Kyunghee University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-06-15

    Fibrous dysplasia is a benign disorder of bone consisting of intramedullary proliferation of fibrous tissue and irregularly distributed, poorly developed bone. The disease manifests itself in the monostotic form in which only one bone is involved and the polyostotic form in which multiple bones at different sites are affected. We reported a extensive case of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia with involvement of craniofacial bones, mandible, ribs, extremities. A 18-year-old man showed remarkable right facial swelling who had been treated on right femur 3 years ago with a bone graft for pathologic fracture and he recognized facial swelling 5 years ago. Extraoral radiograms and computed tomogram showed diffuse sclerosis with a ground glass appearance of the most calvarial bones, facial bones. The right mandibular lesion showed very expansible lesion with mottled appearance. Bone scans showed multifocal increased uptakes in craniofacial bones, right mandible, bilaterally in ribs, humerus, femur, tibia and characteristic various deformity of right femur (shepherd's crook deformity). This case showed exceptionally bilateral, extensive nature of bone lesion and didn't show any features of skin pigmentation and endocrine disturbances.

  4. Toxicity and Carcinogenicity Mechanisms of Fibrous Antigorite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Balazy

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available We studied the effects of fibrous antigorite on mesothelial MeT-5A and monocyte-macrophage J774 cell lines to further understand cellular mechanisms induced by asbestos fibers leading to lung damage and cancer. Antigorite is a mineral with asbestiform properties, which tends to associate with chrysotile or tremolite, and frequently occurs as the predominant mineral in the veins of several serpentinite rocks found abundantly in the Western Alps. Particles containing antigorite are more abundant in the breathing air of this region than those typically found in urban ambient air. Exposure of MeT-5A and J774 cells to fibrous antigorite at concentrations of 5-100 μg/ml for 72 hr induced dose-dependent cytotoxicity. Antigorite also stimulated the ROS production, induced the generation of nitrite and PGE2. MeT-5A cells were more sensitive to antigorite than J774 cells. The results of this study revealed that the fibrous antigorite stimulates cyclooxygenase and formation of hydroxyl and nitric oxide radicals. These changes represent early cellular responses to antigorite fibers, which lead to a host of pathological and neoplastic conditions because free radicals and PGE2 play important roles as mediators of tumor pathogenesis. Understanding the mechanisms of the cellular responses to antigorite and other asbestos particles should be helpful in designing rational prevention and treatment approaches.

  5. Solitary fibrous tumor of the liver: report of two cases and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debs, Tarek; Kassir, Radwan; Amor, Imed Ben; Martini, Francesco; Iannelli, Antonio; Gugenheim, Jean

    2014-12-01

    A solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the liver is a rare neoplasm of mesenchymal origin. 59 cases have been reported in the literature. We report 2 patients who presented with a hepatic solitary fibrous tumor. The first case is a 65-year-old man who presented with an accidental finding of a large mass in the left liver. Biopsy revealed an SFT and left hepatectomy was performed. The diagnosis was confirmed by histopathology. The second case is an 87-year-old woman who presented with disturbances in her liver function tests. A Computed Tomography (CT) scan showed a large mass in the right liver. Surgery was contraindicated because of the patient's poor general condition. A biopsy was done and SFT was diagnosed histopathologically. SFT are usually benign but the risk of malignant transformation always exists, which mandates surgical resection as the optimal management of these tumors. However, because of the small sample size and the rarity of the entity, it is difficult to define the evolution, the risk factors and the malignant potential of these tumors. PMID:25448647

  6. Fibrous Dysplasia of Maxillary Bone: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suneedh Gupta*, K.Umesh, N.M.Warad and Shakeel Ahmed

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available : Fibrous dysplasia is a developmental tumor like condition that is characterized by replacement of normal bone by excessive proliferation of cellular fibrous connective tissue intermixed with irregular bony trabeculae. It causes bone pain, deformities & pathologic fracture. It may involve one or several bones and consists of one or more foci of fibro osseous tissue within the matrix of the affected bone. Here a case of fibrous dysplasia of maxillary bone has reported.

  7. Calcifying fibrous pseudotumor of mediastinum--a case report.

    OpenAIRE

    Jeong, H. S.; Lee, G. K.; Sung, R.; Ahn, J. H.; Song, H. G.

    1997-01-01

    This report presents a case of calcifying fibrous pseudotumor arising in the posterior mediastinum of a 54-year-old woman. The histopathologic features of this case were identical to that of calcifying fibrous pseudotumor first designated in 1993. It is a distinctive benign fibrous lesion characterized by the presence of characteristics psammomatous or dystrophic calcification, abundant hyalinized collagen and lymphoplasmacytic cell infiltrate. Immunohistochemically most of the scattered fibr...

  8. Design of fibrous structures for civil engineering applications

    OpenAIRE

    Marques, Paula Cristina Martins Pina

    2009-01-01

    As a synergy of fibre and fibrous structures technology developments, nowadays it is possible to produce advanced fibrous materials for many non-conventional applications. The use of fibrous materials as reinforcement materials of cementitious matrices is one of its many applications that have gain new developments over the last years. Due to its inherent low tensile strength, concrete requires reinforcement in applications where significant tensile stresses will be realized in...

  9. Elasto-capillarity in fibrous materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monaenkova, Daria

    Current advances in the manufacture of nanoporous and nanofibrous materials with high absorption capacity open up new opportunities for the development of fiber-based probes and sensors. Pore structures of these materials can be designed to provide high suction pressure and fast wicking. During wicking, due to the strong capillary action, the liquids exert stresses on the fiber network, thus the stressed state of dry and wet parts of the material differs. In this work the effect of stress reduction in fibrous materials due to the presence of wetting liquid in the pore structure is studied in details for both static and dynamic cases. It is suggested that this effect can be used for liquid monitoring and the examples of one and two dimensional probes are provided. To open a discussion an illustrative example of a single capillary is considered and the effect of a moving meniscus on the stress distribution along capillary walls is demonstrated. Then the similar effects are analyzed in yarns and fabrics. A yarn that can capture an aerosol droplet is considered as a promising sensing element that could monitor the stresses caused by wetting fronts. It is shown that the stress transfer between dry and wet parts of the yarn upon liquid wicking significantly depends on the boundary conditions. The stress distribution in the yarn with clamped ends is discussed. The elasto-capillary problem is resolved for 2-D case of a freely suspended self-reconfigurable material. It is shown that the classical Bernoulli problem of a freely suspended fabric can be used for the analysis of stresses in the fibrous matrix. The theoretical conclusions on elasto-capillarity are supported by experimental results on tensile testing of fibrous materials. The results show that the elasto-capillary effect is pronounced in the porous samples with the pore sizes smaller than 10 microm.

  10. Fibrous composites comprising carbon nanotubes and silica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Huisheng (Shanghai, CN); Zhu, Yuntian Theodore (Cary, NC); Peterson, Dean E. (Los Alamos, NM); Jia, Quanxi (Los Alamos, NM)

    2011-10-11

    Fibrous composite comprising a plurality of carbon nanotubes; and a silica-containing moiety having one of the structures: (SiO).sub.3Si--(CH.sub.2).sub.n--NR.sub.1R.sub.2) or (SiO).sub.3Si--(CH.sub.2).sub.n--NCO; where n is from 1 to 6, and R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are each independently H, CH.sub.3, or C.sub.2H.sub.5.

  11. Cylindrical concave body of composite fibrous material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The invention is concerned with a cylindrical concave body of compound fibrous material which is intended to be exposed to high rotation speeds around its own longitudinal axis. The concave body in question has at least one layer of fibrils that are interwoven and enclose an identical angle with the longitudinal axis of the concave body in both directions. The concave body in question also has at least a second layer of fibrils that run in the direction of the circumference and are fitted radially to the outside. The cylindrical concave body of the invention is particularly well suited for application as a rotor tube in a gas ultra-centrifuge

  12. Malignant hyperthermia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pollock Neil

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Malignant hyperthermia (MH is a pharmacogenetic disorder of skeletal muscle that presents as a hypermetabolic response to potent volatile anesthetic gases such as halothane, sevoflurane, desflurane and the depolarizing muscle relaxant succinylcholine, and rarely, in humans, to stresses such as vigorous exercise and heat. The incidence of MH reactions ranges from 1:5,000 to 1:50,000–100,000 anesthesias. However, the prevalence of the genetic abnormalities may be as great as one in 3,000 individuals. MH affects humans, certain pig breeds, dogs, horses, and probably other animals. The classic signs of MH include hyperthermia to marked degree, tachycardia, tachypnea, increased carbon dioxide production, increased oxygen consumption, acidosis, muscle rigidity, and rhabdomyolysis, all related to a hypermetabolic response. The syndrome is likely to be fatal if untreated. Early recognition of the signs of MH, specifically elevation of end-expired carbon dioxide, provides the clinical diagnostic clues. In humans the syndrome is inherited in autosomal dominant pattern, while in pigs in autosomal recessive. The pathophysiologic changes of MH are due to uncontrolled rise of myoplasmic calcium, which activates biochemical processes related to muscle activation. Due to ATP depletion, the muscle membrane integrity is compromised leading to hyperkalemia and rhabdomyolysis. In most cases, the syndrome is caused by a defect in the ryanodine receptor. Over 90 mutations have been identified in the RYR-1 gene located on chromosome 19q13.1, and at least 25 are causal for MH. Diagnostic testing relies on assessing the in vitro contracture response of biopsied muscle to halothane, caffeine, and other drugs. Elucidation of the genetic changes has led to the introduction, on a limited basis so far, of genetic testing for susceptibility to MH. As the sensitivity of genetic testing increases, molecular genetics will be used for identifying those at risk with greater frequency. Dantrolene sodium is a specific antagonist of the pathophysiologic changes of MH and should be available wherever general anesthesia is administered. Thanks to the dramatic progress in understanding the clinical manifestation and pathophysiology of the syndrome, the mortality from MH has dropped from over 80% thirty years ago to less than 5%.

  13. Thermal conductivity of fibrous insulating materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Olson, J.R. [Unifrax Corp., Niagara Falls, NY (United States)

    1997-03-01

    Fibrous insulation materials have gained increasing popularity in a broad range of applications because their low thermal conductivity and low mass lead to energy savings. Accurate measurement and reporting of thermal conductivity is an important factor in designing insulation systems that balance process requirements with cost. This work is based on experience with refractory ceramic fiber (RCF), but the general principles apply to all synthetic vitreous fiber (also known as man-made vitreous fiber, MMVF) products, including glass and mineral wool. Several test methods have been devised for measuring thermal conductivity. The four methods that have been adopted by ASTM standard methods are: guarded hot plate (ASTM C 17.7); calorimeter (ASTM C 201); heat-flow meter (ASTM C 518); hot wire (ASTM C 1113). With the exception of the hot-wire method, each method works by establishing a steady-state heat flux across a specimen of known geometry. Thermal conductivity is derived from the measured heat flux through fundamental principles of heat flow. The industrial and scientific community generally accepts the guarded-hot-plate method as the most reproducible and best-suited method for use with fibrous insulating materials.

  14. Imaging Findings of Fibrous Hamartoma of Infancy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We wanted to evaluate the imaging findings of fibrous hamartoma of infancy (FHI). We retrospectively reviewed the clinical presentation and the sonographic (n = 5) and CT (n = 3) findings of 5 cases of surgically/pathologically confirmed FHI. The sonographic findings were evaluated according to the location, size, internal echogenicity and vascularity. The CT findings were evaluated according to the attenuation of the mass on both the pre- (n = 3) and postcontrast (n = 2) scans. The image findings were correlated with the pathologic findings. The mean age was 14.8 months (range, 7 months - 3 years). The location of lesions was all in the fatty layer of the back (n = 4) and upper arm (n = 1). All the lesions demonstrated-hypertrichosis on the overlying skin. The lesions measured 31.2 mm in the longest diameter (range: 18 mm - 50 mm). The sonographic findings were purely solid, heterogeneously hyperechoic and hypovacular for all the cases. The internal architecture revealed a 'layering' appearance (n = 3). The CT findings demonstrated isoattenuation, as compared to the adjacent muscle on both the pre- and postcontrast CT scans. The pathologic correlation demonstrated a characteristic 'organoid' mixture of fibrous, mucoid and fatty tissues in all cases. The diagnosis of FHI can be suggested by the sonographic findings of a superficially located, heterogeneous solid mass with a 'layering' appearance in the fatty layer of the back or arms of infants with local hypertrochosor arms of infants with local hypertrochosis on the overlying skin

  15. Fibrous microcapsules and methods of assembly and use thereof

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stupp, Samuel; Rozkiewicz, Dorota

    2015-01-27

    The present invention relates to assembly of peptide amphiphiles and biopolymers into fibrous microcapsules, and uses thereof. In particular, the present invention provides devices, compositions, and methods for interfacial self-assembly of peptide amphiphiles and biopolyments into fibrous microcapsules, and uses thereof.

  16. Marfan syndrome with multiseptate pneumothorax and mandibular fibrous dysplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kate A

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe a rare case of pneumothorax due to Marfan syndrome associated with fibrous dysplasia of the mandible. Marfan syndrome and fibrous dysplasia were possibly due to a common etiological factor. The association between the two and other tumors described in literature related to Marfan syndrome is discussed.

  17. Marfan syndrome with multiseptate pneumothorax and mandibular fibrous dysplasia

    OpenAIRE

    Kate A; Gothi D; Joshi J

    2009-01-01

    We describe a rare case of pneumothorax due to Marfan syndrome associated with fibrous dysplasia of the mandible. Marfan syndrome and fibrous dysplasia were possibly due to a common etiological factor. The association between the two and other tumors described in literature related to Marfan syndrome is discussed.

  18. Geotechnical Challenges in Numerical Modelling of Sarawak Fibrous Peat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seneviratne Nimal

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In Sarawak, about 13% of the total land area is covered with recent peat deposits. A complex mechanism of plant growth and peat accumulation with time has led to formation of flat topped peat domes. Dome centre consists of highly fibrous ombrogeneous peat. Topogeneous peat found in the fringes of peat domes and in interior floodplains, consists of a mixture of decomposed plant matter and fine clastic sediments. Mechanical behaviour of fibrous peat is influenced by the arrangement of fibre. The present study shows that fibrous peat as well as temperate peat conforms to a unique dry density - moisture content relationship. A preliminary study has been carried out in developing a cellular model of fibrous peat. The finite element analysis of time dependent stress strain behaviour performed using this model shows interesting results and promise of application in understanding the behaviour of fibrous peat.

  19. Malignant bone tumors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Clinicoroentgenologic semiotics of malignant bone tumors as well as metastatic bone tumors are presented. Diagnosis of malignant and metastatic bone tumors should be always complex, representing a result of cooperation of a physician, roentgenologist, pathoanatomist

  20. Malignant teratoma (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    A malignant teratoma is a type of cancer consisting of cysts that contain one or more of the three primary embryonic germ layers: ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm. Because malignant teratomas have usually spread by the time of diagnosis, ...

  1. Cutaneous Metastatic Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma from a Mediastinal Sarcoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Do Seon; Park, Dong Hwa

    2015-01-01

    Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma, known as malignant fibrous histiocytoma, is a malignant neoplasm that arises in both soft tissue and bones. In 2002, the World Health Organization declassified malignant fibrous histocytoma as a formal diagnostic entity and renamed it 'undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma not otherwise specified.' It most commonly occurs in the lower extremities and rarely metastasizes cutaneously. We report a case of cutaneous metastatic undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma of the buttocks occurring in a 73-year-old man diagnosed with mediastinal sarcoma 4 years previously. He first noticed the mass approximately 2 months previously. Histological findings with immunomarkers led to a final diagnosis of cutaneous metastatic sarcoma from mediastinal undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma. PMID:26082589

  2. Ehlers-Danlos syndrome with monostotic fibrous dysplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rao A

    1979-01-01

    Full Text Available An unusual case of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome with monostotic fibrous dysplasia of the humorus is presented. The other orthopae-dic manifestations, its complications and associated features are re-viewed and summarised.

  3. Bilobular calcifying fibrous pseudotumor in soleus muscle: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shinohara Naohiro

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Calcifying fibrous pseudotumor is a rare benign soft-tissue lesion composed of fibrous tissue with abundant hyalinized collagen and dystrophic and often psammomatous calcifications. The cause of the disease is unclear but, usually, complete resection of the well-circumscribed tumor is sufficient to avoid recurrence of the disease. Here, we report an unusual case of this rare tumor that presented as two lobulated lesions in the calf muscle. Case presentation The patient was a 17-year-old Japanese girl who noted a hard mass in her left calf. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed two well-demarcated lobular masses in the soleus muscle, and the tumor was significantly enhanced by contrast medium. Preoperative differential diagnoses included soft-part tumors composed of fibrous tissue. However, making a definite diagnosis was impossible because a lobulated shape is rare for fibrous tumors. Biopsy demonstrated that the mass was a benign tumor composed of collagen-rich, hyalinized fibrosclerotic tissue. We performed marginal resection of the two nodules, including the fibrous tissue that connected them. Immunohistochemistry was positive for factor XIIIa and negative for anaplastic lymphoma kinase-1. These findings were helpful to distinguish calcifying fibrous pseudotumor from inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor. There was no sign of recurrence at 30 months after surgery. Conclusion To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of bilobular calcifying fibrous pseudotumor that developed in an extremity. As described in the previous literature, simple excision was sufficient for the treatment of calcifying fibrous pseudotumor with two lobules.

  4. Effects of compression on the sound absorption of fibrous

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Castagnede, Bernard; Akninen, Achour

    2000-01-01

    During the compression of a fibrous mat, it is well known that the absorption properties are decreasing. In order to predict this change, some heuristic formulae are proposed which take into account the modifications of the physical parameters(porosity, resistivity, tortousity and shappe factors) which enter in the standard "equivalent fluid" model. Numerical predictions are then discussed and compared to experimental data obtained on a fibrous material(uncompressed and the compressed) used in automotive industry.

  5. Bilobular calcifying fibrous pseudotumor in soleus muscle: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Shinohara Naohiro; Nagano Satoshi; Yokouchi Masahiro; Arishima Yoshiya; Tabata Kazuhiro; Higashi Michiyo; Kitajima Shinichi; Yonezawa Suguru; Komiya Setsuro

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Introduction Calcifying fibrous pseudotumor is a rare benign soft-tissue lesion composed of fibrous tissue with abundant hyalinized collagen and dystrophic and often psammomatous calcifications. The cause of the disease is unclear but, usually, complete resection of the well-circumscribed tumor is sufficient to avoid recurrence of the disease. Here, we report an unusual case of this rare tumor that presented as two lobulated lesions in the calf muscle. Case presentation The patient w...

  6. Impregnated Fibrous Materials. Report of a Study Group on Impregnated Fibrous Materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There has recently been renewed interest in the use of radiation from radioisotopes or particle accelerators to initiate and sustain chemical reactions. Particular attention is being paid to the production of wood-plastic composites, a process which is now a commercial reality with radiation competing against chemical methods to enhance the properties of wood. It has been reported that water repellancy, hardness, weathering, insect and chemical resistance, compressive, bending and shear strength can be significantly improved by the process, but so far there has been a limited commercial outlet for the product. Papers on this subject were presented at the International Atomic Energy Agency's Symposium on Industrial Uses of Large Radiation Sources, Salzburg, May 1963, and since then the Agency has been aware of the interest of developing countries in conducting research on wood and other fibrous materials as a means of further exploiting natural resources. It was felt that some attempt should be made to co-ordinate, on a regional basis, the work being done in this field and at the same time review the world status, including the associated technology in such areas as monomer-polymer chemistry and impregnation techniques where they are directly related to this work. Because of the wide range of fibrous materials being studied there, Asia and the Far East was chosen as the most representative area and 39 participants from 13 countries, and from international organizations, met in Bangkok from 20 to 24 November 1967 to assess the potential of impregnated fibrous materials. This report is a record of the meeting and is based not only on work performed both inside and outside the region but also on details of the resources and industries in the area

  7. Giant solitary fibrous tumour of the liver

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eggermont Alexander MM

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Solitary fibrous tumour (SFT is an uncommon mesenchymal neoplasm that most frequently affects the pleura, although it has been reported with increasing frequency in various other sites such as in the peritoneum, pericardium and in non-serosal sites such as lung parenchyma, upper respiratory tract, orbit, thyroid, parotid gland, or thymus. Liver parenchyma is rarely affected. Clinically, SFTs cause symptoms after having reached a certain size or when vital structures are involved. In recent years, SFTs are more often identified and distinguished from other tumours with a similar appearance due to the availability of characteristic immunohistochemical markers. Case presentation In this manuscript we report the case of a large tumour of the liver, which was histologically diagnosed as a SFT, and showed involvement of a single hepatic segment. Because of the patient's presentation and clinical course, it may represent a radiation-induced lesion. Conclusion When a SFT has been diagnosed, surgery is the treatment of choice. The small number of patients with a SFT of the liver and its unknown natural behaviour creates the need to a careful registration and follow-up of all identified cases

  8. Fibrous tumor located in pleura (pleural fibroma)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of imaging studies are presented in 7 cases of fibrous tumor located in pleura (pleural fibroma) dealt with in our center over the past 9 years. The series consisted of 4 women and 3 men, ranging in age between 32 and 65 years (mean: 46 years). In 5 cases, the tumors was found by chance. The symptoms observed in the other 2 included cough, dyspnea and pleuritic pain. The imaging methods employed were conventional radiology, conventional tomography (n=2), ultrasonography (n=3), computed tomography (n=6) and magnetic resonance (n=1). The tumors presented as mediastinal masses (n=5), intra parenchymal masses (n=1) and, in only 1 case, as the typical extra parenchymal mass. The results of the imaging studies did not provide the precise preoperative diagnosis. All but one of the patients underwent surgery and, in five cases, the tumor was resectable, with satisfactory outcome and no subsequent signs of recurrence. The only patient with a non resectable tumor died of respiratory failure shortly after surgery. (Author)

  9. Intracranial solitary fibrous tumor: Imaging findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clarencon, Frederic, E-mail: fredclare5@msn.com [Department of Neuroradiology, Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital, APHP, 75013 Paris (France); Bonneville, Fabrice [Department of Neuroradiology, Hopital Rangueil, Toulouse University Hospital, 31000 Toulouse (France); Rousseau, Audrey [Department of Neuropathology, Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital (France); Galanaud, Damien [Department of Neuroradiology, Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital, APHP, 75013 Paris (France); Kujas, Michele [Department of Neuropathology, Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital (France); Naggara, Olivier [Department of Neuroradiology, St Anne Hospital, 75014 Paris (France); Cornu, Philippe [Department of Neurosurgery, Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital (France); Chiras, Jacques [Department of Neuroradiology, Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital, APHP, 75013 Paris (France)

    2011-11-15

    Objective: To study the neuroimaging features of intracranial solitary fibrous tumors (ISFTs). Materials and methods: Retrospective study of neuroimaging features of 9 consecutive histopathologically proven ISFT cases. Location, size, shape, density, signal intensity and gadolinium uptake were studied at CT and MRI. Data collected from diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) (3 patients), perfusion imaging and MR spectroscopy (2 patients), and DSA (4 patients) were also analyzed. Results: The tumors most frequently arose from the intracranial meninges (7/9), while the other lesions were intraventricular. Tumor size ranged from 2.5 to 10 cm (mean = 6.6 cm). They presented multilobular shape in 6/9 patients. Most ISFTs were heterogeneous (7/9) with areas of low T2 signal intensity that strongly enhanced after gadolinium administration (6/8). Erosion of the skull was present in about half of the cases (4/9). Components with decreased apparent diffusion coefficient were seen in 2/3 ISFTs on DWI. Spectroscopy revealed elevated peaks of choline and myo-inositol. MR perfusion showed features of hyperperfusion. Conclusion: ISFT should be considered in cases of extra-axial, supratentorial, heterogeneous, hypervascular tumor. Areas of low T2 signal intensity that strongly enhance after gadolinium injection are suggestive of this diagnosis. Restricted diffusion and elevated peak of myo-inositol may be additional valuable features.

  10. Intracranial solitary fibrous tumor: Imaging findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study the neuroimaging features of intracranial solitary fibrous tumors (ISFTs). Materials and methods: Retrospective study of neuroimaging features of 9 consecutive histopathologically proven ISFT cases. Location, size, shape, density, signal intensity and gadolinium uptake were studied at CT and MRI. Data collected from diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) (3 patients), perfusion imaging and MR spectroscopy (2 patients), and DSA (4 patients) were also analyzed. Results: The tumors most frequently arose from the intracranial meninges (7/9), while the other lesions were intraventricular. Tumor size ranged from 2.5 to 10 cm (mean = 6.6 cm). They presented multilobular shape in 6/9 patients. Most ISFTs were heterogeneous (7/9) with areas of low T2 signal intensity that strongly enhanced after gadolinium administration (6/8). Erosion of the skull was present in about half of the cases (4/9). Components with decreased apparent diffusion coefficient were seen in 2/3 ISFTs on DWI. Spectroscopy revealed elevated peaks of choline and myo-inositol. MR perfusion showed features of hyperperfusion. Conclusion: ISFT should be considered in cases of extra-axial, supratentorial, heterogeneous, hypervascular tumor. Areas of low T2 signal intensity that strongly enhance after gadolinium injection are suggestive of this diagnosis. Restricted diffusion and elevated peak of myo-inositol may be additional valuable features.

  11. Treating Fibrous Insulation to Reduce Thermal Conductivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zinn, Alfred; Tarkanian, Ryan

    2009-01-01

    A chemical treatment reduces the convective and radiative contributions to the effective thermal conductivity of porous fibrous thermal-insulation tile. The net effect of the treatment is to coat the surfaces of fibers with a mixture of transition-metal oxides (TMOs) without filling the pores. The TMO coats reduce the cross-sectional areas available for convection while absorbing and scattering thermal radiation in the pores, thereby rendering the tile largely opaque to thermal radiation. The treatment involves a sol-gel process: A solution containing a mixture of transition-metal-oxide-precursor salts plus a gelling agent (e.g., tetraethylorthosilicate) is partially cured, then, before it visibly gels, is used to impregnate the tile. The solution in the tile is gelled, then dried, and then the tile is fired to convert the precursor salts to the desired mixed TMO phases. The amounts of the various TMOs ultimately incorporated into the tile can be tailored via the concentrations of salts in the solution, and the impregnation depth can be tailored via the viscosity of the solution and/or the volume of the solution relative to that of the tile. The amounts of the TMOs determine the absorption and scattering spectra.

  12. Pediatric malignancies presenting as a possible infectious disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robinson Joan L

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The clinical, laboratory, and radiological features of malignancy can overlap with those of infection. The purpose of this study was to determine the findings in children who were initially thought to have an infectious disease but ultimately proved to have a malignancy. Methods The database of patients diagnosed with a malignancy in the Northern Alberta Children's Cancer Program (NACCP January 1, 1993 to December 31, 2003 was merged with the database of inpatients referred to the infectious diseases service at the Stollery Children's Hospital and charts were reviewed on all patients referred to the infectious diseases consult service prior to the diagnosis of malignancy. Results An infectious diseases consultation for diagnosis was requested in 21 of 561 patients prior to the confirmation of malignancy, and 3 of these 21 patients had both infection and malignancy (leukemia (N = 13, lymphoma (N = 3, rhabdomyosarcoma (N = 1, Langerhan's cell histiocytosis (N = 1, fibrous histicocytosis (N = 1, ependymoma (N = 1, and neuroblastoma (N = 1. The most common reason for infectious diseases consultation was suspected muskuloskeletal infection (N = 9. A palpable or radiographically enlarged spleen was noted in 11 patients (52%. All but 2 patients had abnormal hematologic parameters while an elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH occurred in 10 patients (48%. Delay of diagnosis because of investigation or therapy for an infectious disease occurred in only 2 patients. Conclusion It is not common for treatment of pediatric malignancies to be delayed because infection is thought to be the primary diagnosis. However, pediatric infectious diseases physicians should consider malignancy in the differential diagnosis when they see patients with fever and bone pain, unexplained splenomegaly or abnormal complete blood cell counts. Other clues may include hepatomegaly or elevated LDH.

  13. Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma

    OpenAIRE

    Stine Munkholm-Larsen; Christopher Q Cao; Tristan D. Yan

    2009-01-01

    Malignant mesothelioma is a highly aggressive neoplasm. The incidence of malignant mesothelioma is increasing worldwide. Diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (DMPM) represents one-fourth of all mesotheliomas. Association of asbestos exposure with DMPM has been observed, especially in males. The great majority of patients present with abdominal pain and distension, caused by accumulation of tumors and ascitic fluid. In the past, DMPM was considered a pre-terminal condition; therefore attr...

  14. Treatment of Malignant Pheochromocytoma

    OpenAIRE

    Ajalle?, R.; Plouin, P. F.; Pacak, K.; Lehnert, H.

    2009-01-01

    Pheochromocytoma (PCC) is a rare disease, mainly sporadic, but also associated with some familial disorders, with a malignancy frequency of approximately 10%. Only the presence of distant metastases, derived from large pleomorphic chromaffin cells, is widely accepted as a criterion of malignancy. Variable symptoms may be caused by production and release of catecholamines. Since there is no curative treatment for malignant PCC and due to its unfavorable prognosis, assuring quality of life is o...

  15. Stress transfer through fibrous materials in wicking experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monaenkova, Daria; Andrukh, Taras; Kornev, Konstantin

    2009-11-01

    Due to the recent progress in preparation of fibers and nanofibers with different properties, the idea of smart textiles attracts much attention. In many situations the probes and sensors are designed for bio fluid detection. The liquid penetration in fibrous materials causes their deformations including stretching, twisting, wrinkling, buckling etc. The most of researches on wicking properties of textiles are focused on determination of media permeability and ignore the specific features of fibrous materials. On the other hand the theoretical works on quantitative analysis of the deformation effects in porous materials filled with liquids are mostly focused on deformation of fully saturated samples. The fundamental understanding of the stress transfer through the fiber network is crucial for sensors development, but to the best of our knowledge, the stress analysis in the fibrous materials absorbing liquids has never been discussed in the literature. This paper sets a physical basis for analysis of absorption processes in nanotubular and nanofibrous materials. We study absorption of droplets by yarns and webs made of fibers, develop a theory which explains the stress distribution in fibrous materials and checked this theory on wicking experiments. The reported theory and experiments propose a new area of research on absorption-induced deformations of fibrous materials.

  16. Recurring fibrous dysplasia of anthro maxillary with cranial base invasion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sousa, Kátia Maria Marabuco de

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Fibrous dysplasia is an osseous lesion with an unknown etiology. It is characterized by the osseous maturation insufficiency. It may affect any bone, but the affection of craniofacial bones is the most critical for otorhinolaryngology. Maxilla is the most affected facial bone and the orbitary invasion is an uncommon event. The symptoms are unspecific and for its low suspicion and uncommonness, the diagnosis is generally late. The monostotic form presents a slow growth and asymptomatic course and needs to be followed up. The polyostotic type has a progressive behavior and is associated to recurrence and complications. Objective: To present two cases of patients with fibrous dysplasia diagnosis and describe the clinical presentation, radiological findings and the treatment of this pathology. Cases Report: Two cases of fibrous dysplasia are reported, which initially presented unspecific symptomatology, but with characteristic radiologic signs. They were submitted to surgical treatment for resection of the lesions and evolved with frequent recurrences with extensive affection of the facial sinuses, one patient had cranial base invasion and frontal craniotomy was needed for tumoral excision. Final Comments: Fibrous dysplasia is an uncommon osteopathy. The tomography is the choice method for characterization of the tumoral expansion, and helps in the surgical planning. The surgical strategy is indicated for symptomatic lesions, functions alterations or anatomic disorders. This article describes two uncommon manifestations of recurrent fibrous dysplasia with an extensive affection of anthro maxillary, ethmoidal and sphenoid sinuses, in addition to orbitary and cranial base invasion.

  17. Fibrous monolithic ceramics: 1. Fabrication, microstructure, and indentation behavior

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Monolithic ceramics have been fabricated from coated green fibers to create fibrous microstructures. The fibrous monoliths consist of high aspect ratio polycrystalline regions (cells) of a primary phase separated by thin second-phase regions (cell boundaries) designed to improve fracture resistance. The cells are the remnants of the green fiber which consists of ceramic powder and a polymer binder. The coating applied on the green fiber forms the cell boundaries. Fabrication and microstructure are described for fibrous monoliths in the SiC/graphite, silicon nitride/BN, alumina/alumina-zirconia, alumina/aluminum titanate, alumina/nickel and Ce-TZP/alumina-Ce-zirconia systems. The SiC/graphite fibrous monolith displays noncatastrophic failure in flexure, with shear delamination along the weak graphite layers. Indentations in SiC/graphite cause cells to spall, with crack arrest and extrusion of graphite from the cell boundaries. Crack deflection and spalling of cells are also observed in alumina/alumina-zirconia fibrous monoliths. In the Ce-TZP/alumina system, transformed regions around indentations are significantly modified by the alumina-containing cell boundaries

  18. Electrospun nanocomposite fibrous polymer electrolyte for secondary lithium battery applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Padmaraj, O.; Rao, B. Nageswara; Jena, Paramananda; Satyanarayana, N., E-mail: nallanis2011@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Pondicherry University, Pondicherry-605014 (India); Venkateswarlu, M. [R and D, Amaraja batteries, Thirupathi-517501 (India)

    2014-04-24

    Hybrid nanocomposite [poly(vinylidene fluoride -co- hexafluoropropylene) (PVdF-co-HFP)/magnesium aluminate (MgAl{sub 2}O{sub 4})] fibrous polymer membranes were prepared by electrospinning method. The prepared pure and nanocomposite fibrous polymer electrolyte membranes were soaked into the liquid electrolyte 1M LiPF{sub 6} in EC: DEC (1:1,v/v). XRD and SEM are used to study the structural and morphological studies of nanocomposite electrospun fibrous polymer membranes. The nanocomposite fibrous polymer electrolyte membrane with 5 wt.% of MgAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} exhibits high ionic conductivity of 2.80 × 10{sup ?3} S/cm at room temperature. The charge-discharge capacity of Li/LiCoO{sub 2} coin cells composed of the newly prepared nanocomposite [(16 wt.%) PVdF-co-HFP+(5 wt.%) MgAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}] fibrous polymer electrolyte membrane was also studied and compared with commercial Celgard separator.

  19. Malignent diseases in childhood

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As malignant diseases in childhood are rare, and only a small group of radiotherapists have been able to gain experience in this field, this chapter treats the particularities of childhood from this aspect. The side effects of radiotherapy are particularly important here for the growing and developing organism of the child. The most frequently occuring malignant diseases are treated individually. (MG)

  20. Primary ovarian malignant melanoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kostov Miloš

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Primary ovarian malignant melanoma is extremely rare. It usually appears in the wall of a dermoid cyst or is associated with another teratomatous component. Metastatic primary malignant melanoma to ovary from a primary melanoma elsewhere is well known and has been often reported especially in autopsy studies. Case report. We presented a case of primary ovarian malignant melanoma in a 45- year old woman, with no evidence of extraovarian primary melanoma nor teratomatous component. The tumor was unilateral, macroscopically on section presented as solid mass, dark brown to black color. Microscopically, tumor cells showed positive immunohistochemical reaction for HMB-45, melan-A and S-100 protein, and negative immunoreactivity for estrogen and progesteron receptors. Conclusion. Differentiate metastatic melanoma from rare primary ovarian malignant melanoma, in some of cases may be a histopathological diagnostic problem. Histopathological diagnosis of primary ovarian malignant melanoma should be confirmed by immunohistochemical analyses and detailed clinical search for an occult primary tumor.

  1. Unusual Malignant Breast Lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Farrokh

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Numerous unusual benign and malignant breast le-sions may be seen occasionally or rarely. Some of these lesions are distinctive and easily recognized be-cause of diagnostic clinical or radiographic criteria such as inflammatory carcinoma or Paget's disease, which are primarily a clinical diagnosis. Most of the unusual malignant breast lesions have no specific di-agnostic signs and may show the mammographic or ultrasonic findings of benign lesions. Although most radiologists may never see many of the unusual ma-lignant breast tumors, but it is important to be aware of these malignant lesions. In this article, we will present our 10-years experi-ence about unusual malignant breast lesions that in-clude breast sarcoma, phylloides tumor, Inflamma-tory carcinoma, intracystic carcinoma, Paget's dis-ease, primary lymphoma of the breast, breast metas-tasis and breast carcinoma in women less than 25 years old.

  2. Pseudotumor fibroso paratesticular / Paratesticular fibrous pseudotumor

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Miguel Ángel, López Aramburu; Amparo, Viguri Díaz; Pablo, Peña Pérez; José, Rosa Arias; Mónica, Saiz Camin.

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Los procesos proliferativos benignos testiculares se conocen con el nombre de pseudotumors, al no ser considerados en la actualidad verdaderas neoplasias. El Pseudotumor Fibroso Paratesticular (PFP) es una entidad sobre las que existe gran confusión en su definición y etiopatogenia. Se tr [...] ata de un proceso que confunde al clínico al aparecer simulando neoplasias. La presente comunicación puede ayudar a conocer mejor este proceso no tumoral y evitar confusiones diagnósticas. Métodos/Resultados: Revisamos nuestra serie de PFP (tres casos) sobre esta rara entidad, por lo que dada su rareza puede considerarse significativa. Analizamos su clínica, su comportamiento antes los estudios diagnósticos por imagen, hallazgos operatorios y evolución. Conclusiones: El PFP es una rara entidad que puede confundir al clínico al ser diagnosticado como una neoplasia, y conllevar tratamientos agresivos (orquiectomía) que de realizar un exacto diagnóstico podrían obviarse. El análisis de una serie de tres casos, con sus aportaciones, y la revisión de la literatura efectuada pueden ayudar en la practica clínica al urólogo a reconocer esta enfermedad. Abstract in english Objective: Benign testicular proliferative processes are known by the name of pseudotumors, because currently they are not considered real neoplasias. The paratesticular fibrous pseudotumor (PFP) is a rare entity, the definition and etiopathogenesis of which is under great confusion. It is a process [...] that misleads the clinical because they simulate neoplasias. This paper aims to help a better knowledge of this non-tumoral process and to avoid diagnostic confusions. Methods/Results: We review our series of PFP (three cases), which can be considered significant due to its oddity. We analyze the clinical picture, its behavior, imaging diagnostic tests, operative findings and outcomes. Conclusions: PFP is a rare entity which may misleads the clinical because it may be diagnosed as a neoplasia and lead to aggressive treatment (orchiectomy) which in case of a proper diagnosis could be avoided. The analysis of our series of three cases, with their contribution, and a literature review may help the clinical practice of urologists by recognizing this disease.

  3. Efficacy of trabectedin in metastatic solitary fibrous tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Pivot

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Solitary fibrous tumor is a rare tumor type and has an unpredictable course. Local recurrence rate varies between 9 and 19 %, and rate of metastatic involvement between 0 and 36 %. It is characterized by a typical architecture and immuno-histochemistry tests. The most important prognostic factor is the complete resection of primary tumor. Treatment of recurrences is not clearly established. If a solitary fibrous tumor is too advanced to allow surgical resection, radiotherapy and chemotherapy may be used. The most often used drugs are doxorubicine andor ifosfamide. We report the case of man with metastatic solitary fibrous tumor treated with trabectedin, administered at a dose of 1.5 mg/m² every 3 weeks. After 3 cycles, metastases had significantly decreased. Recurrence of the disease was demonstrated 8 months after the start of trabectedin. This case shows that trabectedin is a possible treatment option.

  4. Structural characteristics, dispersion, and modification of fibrous brucite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Xi; Chuan, Xiu-yun

    2014-01-01

    Fibrous brucite has very unique structure and physical properties. Brucite fibers were exfoliated into single nanofibers by using dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate (AOT) as a dispersant through mechanical agitation and ultrasonic dispersion; and then, the nanofibers were modified by stearic acid and (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane (?-APS) compound modification agent. The nanofibers were characterized by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and thermal gravimetric analysis. It is found that AOT has good effect on the dispersion. The single fiber has a consistent morphology, and fibrous brucite is dispersed and modified without destroying the crystal structure. Infrared and thermal analysis shows that the surface modification of fibrous brucite is achieved by forming chemical bonds between the coupling agent and magnesium hydroxide.

  5. Orienting neurite growth in electrospun fibrous neural conduits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Li; O'Brien, Norah; Windebank, Anthony; Pandit, Abhay

    2009-08-01

    In cases where direct suture of two nerve stumps is not feasible, generally a scaffold is required to bridge the gap and guide nerve regeneration. The scaffold used in nerve tissue engineering applications requires optimal guidance effect, mechanical strength, and cellular compatibility. A number of studies suggest that fibrous scaffolds can potentially be used for nerve regeneration, as the aligned fibers can provide the guidance effect for axonal growth and the fibrous structure mimics the nerve microenvironment. A practical method to fabricate the fibrous nerve conduit with structural guidance cue for neurite growth will improve its potential application in neural tissue engineering. In this study, fibrous tubular scaffolds were fabricated using an electrospinning technique. The fibrous conduit was composed of aligned fibers in the interior layer and randomly oriented fibers in the exterior layer. In order to investigate the fiber diameter on neurite extension and directional growth, fibers with different diameter in the subcellular size range were fabricated and the neurite growth on these fibers was investigated. We observed that PC12 cells' neurites showed similar parallel growth on the aligned fibers irrespective of fiber diameter. Neurite length on aligned fibers, with fiber diameters of 3.7 +/- 0.5 microm and 5.9 +/- 0.9 microm, was significantly longer than neurite length on randomly oriented fibers. This study showed that electrospinning provides a practical solution to fabricate fibrous nerve conduit by controlling the conduit inner diameter and fiber alignment and, hence, potentially improves the application of the conduit in neural regeneration. PMID:19130615

  6. Spatial variability of void structure in thin stochastic fibrous materials

    CERN Document Server

    Sampson, William W

    2011-01-01

    Theory is presented for the distributions of local process intensity and local average pore dimensions in random fibrous materials. For complete partitioning of the network into contiguous square zones, the variance of local process intensity is shown to be proportional to the mean process intensity and inversely proportional to the zone size. The coefficient of variation of local average pore area is shown to be approximately double that of the local average pore diameter with both properties being inversely proportional to the square root of zone size and mean process intensity. The results have relevance to heterogenous near-planar fibrous materials including paper, nonwoven textiles, nanofibrous composites and electrospun polymer fibre networks.

  7. Observation, Radiation Therapy, Combination Chemotherapy, and/or Surgery in Treating Young Patients With Soft Tissue Sarcoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-08

    Adult Alveolar Soft-part Sarcoma; Adult Angiosarcoma; Adult Epithelioid Sarcoma; Adult Extraskeletal Chondrosarcoma; Adult Extraskeletal Osteosarcoma; Adult Fibrosarcoma; Adult Leiomyosarcoma; Adult Liposarcoma; Adult Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma; Adult Malignant Hemangiopericytoma; Adult Malignant Mesenchymoma; Adult Neurofibrosarcoma; Adult Synovial Sarcoma; Childhood Alveolar Soft-part Sarcoma; Childhood Angiosarcoma; Childhood Epithelioid Sarcoma; Childhood Fibrosarcoma; Childhood Leiomyosarcoma; Childhood Liposarcoma; Childhood Malignant Mesenchymoma; Childhood Neurofibrosarcoma; Childhood Synovial Sarcoma; Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans; Metastatic Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Nonmetastatic Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Stage I Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Stage II Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Stage III Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Stage IV Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma

  8. Fibrous dysplasia of Faciomaxillary region case reports and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balasubramanian Thiagarajan

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the author's experience in managing fibrous dysplasia of faciomaxillary region. Data was accumulated from 2005 – 2011. All these cases were managed by the author.Commonest bone involved by fibrous dysplasia was maxilla (Literature search did not reveal any female preponderance in monostotic fibrous dysplasia15In the author's series all of them were females. All of them were monostotic fibrous dysplasia.

  9. Dedifferentiated Liposarcoma in the Retroperitoneum in an Atomic Bomb Survivor: Report of a Case

    OpenAIRE

    Nakamura, Yukio; Yumiba, Takeyoshi; Yamasaki, Yoshio; Momiyama, Takuya; Ito, Akira; Akamaru, Yusuke; Kasugai, Tsutomu

    2008-01-01

    A 76-year-old Japanese man was admitted to Kosei-Nenkin Hospital (Osaka, Japan) in November 2006; his chief complaint was a 10-kg loss in body weight over 3 months prior to admission. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) and dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed three masses in the retroperitoneum. The patient subsequently underwent surgery. The final histopathological diagnosis of tumors 1 and 2 was malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the retroperitoneum, and tumor 3 was a well-differe...

  10. Diffuse Increased FDG Uptake in the Bone Marrow due to Leukemoid Reaction

    OpenAIRE

    Celal Tekinba?; Karya?ar, Sevda S; Sava? Karya?ar; Muharrem Erol; Esat Yamaç

    2012-01-01

    PET-CT scan showed diffuse increased FDG uptake in the bone marrow in patient with  pulmonary malignant fibrous histiocytoma who was referred to our clinic for preoperative staging. Recent chemotheraphy treatment, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor using was not there on patients medical history. Total leukocyte count was 51800/?L, with 92.1 % neutrophils, 0.7 % eosinophils, 4.3 %  lymphocytes, and 2.8 % monocytes. Bone marrow biopsy was revealed a hypercellular ma...

  11. Case for diagnosis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Felipe Maurício Soeiro, Sampaio; Gustavo Vieira, Gualberto; Fernando Gustavo Mósca de, Cerqueira; Ana Maria Mósca de, Cerqueira; Curt Mafra, Treu; Thiago Jeunon de Sousa, Vargas.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available We report the case of an 11-year-old male patient with a histopathological and immunohistochemical diagnosis of dermatofibroma with an atypical clinical presentation on the right forearm. Although dermatofibroma is considered a benign skin tumor, some of its differential diagnoses, such as dermatofi [...] brosarcoma protuberans and malignant fibrous histiocytoma, are truly aggressive. Lesions with atypical clinical aspects and topology associated with specific histopathological variants are some of the criteria for complete tumor excision.

  12. Postradiation sarcomas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Three patients developed sarcoma after radiation therapy. It arose in the scapula 18 years after irradiation for breast cancer in the first case, and in the ilium 16 years after irradiation for uterine cancer in the second case. In the last case, malignant fibrous histiocytoma occurred in the clavicle 18 years after surgery for lymphoma, followed by irradiation. Postradiation sarcoma occurring in the chest or pelvis may have poor prognosis because of the difficulty in radical surgery. (N.K.)

  13. Good outcome after neoadjuvant chemotherapy and extended surgical resection for a large radiation-induced high-grade breast sarcoma

    OpenAIRE

    Quadros, Claudio Almeida; Vasconcelos, Alessandro; Andrade, Roque; Ramos, Rogério Santos; Studart, Eduardo; Nascimento, Geraldo; Trajano, André

    2006-01-01

    This article is a case report of a high grade, radio-induced, breast malignant fibrous histiocytoma (undifferentiated high grade pleomorphic sarcoma), which developed in a 44-year old female, seven years after breast conservative surgery and radiotherapy for a T1N0M0 invasive left breast ductal carcinoma. The sarcoma presented as a fast growing tumour, 9.5 cm in the largest diameter, with skin, left breast, chest wall muscle and rib invasion.

  14. Postradiation sarcomas of bone

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fifty-nine patients with osteogenic sarcomas arising in bones following exposure to x rays and 20 patients with postradiation malignant fibrous histiocytomas of bone arising as a direct consequence of irradiation were studied. These represent 5.5% of all osteogenic sarcomas and 4.9% of all malignant fibrous histiocytomas of bones. The sarcomas may affect any skeletal site, but most commonly they arose in bones of the pelvic and shoulder girdles or the distal end of the femur. Grounds for irradiation were either nonosseous conditions or preexistent skeletal lesions. Reasons for incidental osseous irradiation included Hodgkin's disease, carcinoma of cervix, breast or lung; bilateral retinoblastoma and others, and giant cell tumor predominated among the irradiated skeletal lesions. The mean and the median radiation doses were 6040 cGy (rad) and 5700 cGy (rad), respectively. The period of latency between irradiation and the appearance of the bone sarcoma ranged from 3.5 to 47 y with a mean of 16.5 and median of 14.5, respectively. The cumulative disease-free survival rate for malignant fibrous histiocytoma patients at 3 y was 58%. The cumulative disease-free survival rate at 5 y for patients with osteogenic sarcoma was 17%, with a median survival estimate of 1 y. Although all patients with malignant fibrous histiocytoma who received their radiation therapy for a preexistent bone lesion survived, only 27% of the patients whose bone was normal at the time of irradiation are was normal at the time of irradiation are alive and well at the 3-y mark

  15. Low-grade myxofibrosarcoma following a metal implantation in femur: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Weisong; Li, Dan; Zhu, Xiansen; Lu, Shaohui; He, Chunlei; Yang, Qingchun

    2014-01-01

    Myxofibrosarcoma is a myxoid variant of malignant fibrous histiocytoma that most commonly involves the extremities of elderly people. However, a primary myxofibrosarcoma with bone invasion in young adults is extremely rare. Herein, we report the case of a 31-year-old male with a gradually enlarging left thigh mass, who had a history of left femur fracture and received an open reduction and internal fixation with titanium alloy plates and screws 33 months previously. Imaging investigations rev...

  16. Enzyme histochemical study on bone tumors.

    OpenAIRE

    Yoshida, Haruhiko; Akeho, Masahiro; Orido, Takashi; Yumoto, Tokichi; Furuse, Kiyowo; Maeyama, Iwao; Tanaka, Toshio

    1982-01-01

    A total of 19 cases with bone tumors, including six osteosarcomas. three giant cell tumors of bone, one malignant fibrous histiocytoma, four nonossifying fibromas, four chondromas and one chondrosarcoma, were examined as to enzyme histochemistry; the enzymes consisted of alkaline phosphatase (ALPase), acid phosphatase (ACPase), nonspecific esterase (NSE), adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase), 5'-nucleotidase (5'-Nucl) and beta-glucuronidase (beta-Gl). Osteosarcoma was strongly positive for ALPas...

  17. Keratomycotic malignant glaucoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuriakose Thomas

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available Malignant Glaucoma due to Keratomycosis is a devastating and poorly recognised complication occurring in a small percentage of treated patients. It is characterized, in cases of Keratomycosis by a raised tension, uniform shallowing of the anterior chamber and a fungus-exudate-iris mass covering the pupillary area. Three cases of ?Keratomycotic Malignant Glaucoma? are discussed here. Two of these were successfully treated with therapeutic keratoplasty, extracapsular lens extraction and systemic antifungals. The development of malignant glaucoma after a therapeutic keratoplasty which occurred in one case has not previously been reported. All the three cases which developed malignant glaucoma had a pupillary size of 4 mm diameter or less and grew Fusarium from the cornea and anterior chamber.

  18. Asbestos-related malignancy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book contains 20 chapters. Some of the chapter titles are: The Radiology of Asbestosis and Related Neoplasms; Computed Tomography and Malignant Mesothelioma; Radiation Therapy for Pleural Mesothelioma; and Radiation Therapy of Peritoneal Mesothelioma

  19. Asbestos-related malignancy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Antmann, K.; Aisner, J.

    1986-01-01

    This book contains 20 chapters. Some of the chapter titles are: The Radiology of Asbestosis and Related Neoplasms; Computed Tomography and Malignant Mesothelioma; Radiation Therapy for Pleural Mesothelioma; and Radiation Therapy of Peritoneal Mesothelioma.

  20. Brain Malignancies Steering Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Brain Malignancy Steering Committee evaluates and prioritizes concepts for phase 3 and large phase 2 therapeutic clinical trials to be conducted in the NCI National Clinical Trials Network (NCTN).

  1. Håndens maligne tumorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Britt Mejer; Svabo Rasmussen, Per Joen

    2011-01-01

    Malignant tumours of the hand are rare and are often misdiagnosed. A painful swelling of the hand or digits are often diagnosed with an infection, benign tumours such as ganglion cysts, or arthritis. Wounds that do not heal despite adequate treatment should be biopsied to rule out malignancy. A correct diagnosis without delay is important because the life expectancy, due to a metastasis on the hand or fingers is approximately six months.

  2. Unusual Malignant Breast Lesions

    OpenAIRE

    D Farrokh; Zandi, B.; J.B. Hashemi

    2007-01-01

    Numerous unusual benign and malignant breast le-sions may be seen occasionally or rarely. Some of these lesions are distinctive and easily recognized be-cause of diagnostic clinical or radiographic criteria such as inflammatory carcinoma or Paget's disease, which are primarily a clinical diagnosis. Most of the unusual malignant breast lesions have no specific di-agnostic signs and may show the mammographic or ultrasonic findings of benign lesions. Although most radiologists may never see...

  3. Fatty metamorphosis and other patterns in fibrous dysplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Komorowski Richard A

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Interpretation of small biopsy fragments from suspected lesions of fibrous dysplasia with unusual clinical and / or radiological features may be challenging due to wide histomorphological spectrum of stromal appearances. Awareness of these variations should improve diagnostic confidence. Methods We retrospectively studied 26 cases of fibrous dysplasia (F- 19, M- 7; Ages ranged from 10 to 53 years with confirmed diagnosis. The sites of the lesions were skull bones (9, humerus (1, femur (8, tibia (2, fibula (3, talus (1, mandible (1, and maxilla (1. Results Different stromal patterns, variably admixed with the classical pattern, were observed in 58%(15/26 of the cases. 20%(3/15 of these had more than one pattern. Focal fatty metamorphosis as groups of fat cells in the central portion of the lesion in the stroma of fibrous dysplasia between osseous trabeculae was observed in 23%(6/26 cases. Other patterns included myxoid stroma in 16%(4/26, collagenization of stroma in 12%(3/26, stroma rich pattern (with paucity of trabeculae in 12%(3/26, foci of few foam cells in 23% (6/26, and calcified spherules in 12%(3/26. Focal osteoblastic rimming of trabeculae was observed only in 4%(1/26. Conclusions Various stromal variations and previously unreported fatty metamorphosis were frequently observed in fibrous dysplasia.

  4. Calcifying fibrous pseudotumor of the retroperitoneum : a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Jae Ho; Hwang, Mi Soo; Chang, Jay Chun; Park, Bok Hwan; Kim, Dong Sug [Yeungnam Univ. College of Medicine, Kyongsan (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-05-01

    We report a case of calcifying fibrous pseudotumor in the retroperitoneum. This is a rare soft tissue mass lesion with specific radiologic and pathologic findings, and If one anthor, use the word 'I'. as far as we are aware is the first reported case arising in the retroperitoneum. The CT, MR and angiographic findings are described.

  5. Calcifying fibrous pseudotumor of the retroperitoneum : a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report a case of calcifying fibrous pseudotumor in the retroperitoneum. This is a rare soft tissue mass lesion with specific radiologic and pathologic findings, and If one anthor, use the word 'I'. as far as we are aware is the first reported case arising in the retroperitoneum. The CT, MR and angiographic findings are described

  6. Calcifiying Fibrous Pseudotumor of the Small Bowel Mesentery – Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paszkiewicz Izabela

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Calcifiyng fibrous pseudotumor (CFPT is a benign mesenchymal tumor diagnosed in children and young adults, located in the subcutaneous tissue of the trunk and limbs. Its intraabdominal localization is a unique rarity. The Authors of the study presented a case of a 48-year old female patient with an accidentally diagnosed small bowel mesentery tumor during surgery

  7. HDPE/COC blends with fibrous morphology and their properties.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vacková, Ta?ana; Šlouf, Miroslav; Nevoralová, Martina; Kaprálková, Ludmila

    2012-01-01

    Ro?. 48, ?. 12 (2012), s. 2031-2039. ISSN 0014-3057 R&D Projects: GA ?R GP106/09/P272 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40500505 Keywords : polymer blend * phase morphology * fibrous structure Subject RIV: JI - Composite Materials Impact factor: 2.562, year: 2012

  8. Examination of compression and resilience characteristics of fibrous insulation blankets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Load-deflection characteristics of alumina and alumino-silicate fibrous blankets were experimentally determined. Load retention and springback capability of combinations of these materials were measured in a 10,000-hour test at surface temperatures of 650 to 10000C (1200 to 18320F). Experimental results are presented and future testing plans are discussed

  9. Deposition of fibrous nanostructure by ultrafast laser ablation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This research work demonstrated that laser-induced reverse transfer (LIRT) can be used for controllable site-specific deposition of fibrous nanostructure. The LIRT method makes it possible to generate and deposit the fibrous nanostructure of a wide variety of materials on a transparent acceptor in a single-step process at an ambient condition. The deposition of fibrous nanostructures was conducted using ultrafast laser ablation of silicon and aluminum targets placed behind a glass acceptor. Femtosecond laser pulses pass through the transparent acceptor and hit the bulk donor. Consequently a mass quantity of nanoparticles ablates from the donor and then aggregates and forms a porous fibrous nanostructure on the transparent acceptor. Our experiments demonstrated that the gap between the target and the glass acceptor was critical in the formation and accumulation of nanofibers and it determines the density of the formed nanostructure. The formation mechanism of the nanostructures can be explained by the well-established theory of vapor condensation within the plume induced by ultrafast laser ablation. Experimental results also show that the length of the nanostructure can be controlled by the gap between the target and glass acceptor. Lastly, energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analysis shows the oxygen concentration in the nanofibrous structure which is associated with oxidation of ablated material at ambient atmosphere.

  10. Failure Regimes in (1+1)d in Fibrous Materials

    CERN Document Server

    Menezes-Sobrinho, I L; Moreira, J G

    2001-01-01

    In this work, we introduce a model for fracture in fibrous materials which take into account the rupture height of the fibers, in contrast with previous models. Thus, we obtain the profile of the fracture and calculate its roughness, defined as the variance around the mean height. We investigate the relationship between the fracture roughness and the fracture toughness.

  11. Management of malignant pleural effusions.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Uzbeck, Mateen H

    2010-06-01

    Malignant pleural effusions are a common clinical problem in patients with primary thoracic malignancy and metastatic malignancy to the thorax. Symptoms can be debilitating and can impair tolerance of anticancer therapy. This article presents a comprehensive review of pharmaceutical and nonpharmaceutical approaches to the management of malignant pleural effusion, and a novel algorithm for management based on patients\\' performance status.

  12. Direct Numerical Simulation of Liquid Transport Through Fibrous Porous Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palakurthi, Nikhil Kumar

    Fluid flow through fibrous media occurs in many industrial processes, including, but not limited, to fuel cell technology, drug delivery patches, sanitary products, textile reinforcement, filtration, heat exchangers, and performance fabrics. Understanding the physical processes involved in fluid flow through fibrous media is essential for their characterization as well as for the optimization and development of new products. Macroscopic porous-media equations require constitutive relations, which account for the physical processes occurring at the micro-scale, to predict liquid transport at the macro-scale. In this study, micro-scale simulations were conducted using conventional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technique (finite-volume method) to determine the macroscopic constitutive relations. The first part of this thesis deals with the single-phase flow in fibrous media, following which multi-phase flow through fibrous media was studied. Darcy permeability is an important parameter that characterizes creeping flow through a fibrous porous medium. It has a complex dependence on the medium's properties such as fibers' in-plane and through-plane orientation, diameter, aspect ratio, curvature, and porosity. A suite of 3D virtual fibrous structures with a wide range of geometric properties were constructed, and the permeability values of the structures were calculated by solving the 3D incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. The through-plane permeability was found to be a function of only the fiber diameter, the fibers' through-plane orientation, and the porosity of the medium. The numerical results were used to extend a permeability-porosity relation, developed in literature for 3D isotropic fibrous media, to a wide range of fibers' through-plane orientations. In applications where rate of capillary penetration is important, characterization of porous media usually involves determination of either the effective pore radius from capillary penetration experiments or a representative pore radius (R50) from pore-size distribution data. The relationship between effective and representative pore radii was studied by performing direct simulations of capillary penetration of a wetting liquid using a finite-volume-based volume-of-fluid (VOF) method. The simulated unidirectional liquid penetration through fibrous media followed Lucas-Washburn kinetics (L ˜ t1/2), except during the initial stages, which are dominated by inertial forces. Even though fluid properties and contact angle were kept constant in the simulations, the effective pore radii were found to be quite different from the representative radii. It can be concluded that the differences between effective and representative pore radii did not arise from contact angle variations. The unsaturated flow through fibrous media at the macro-scale is typically described using Richard's equation which requires constitutive relations: capillary pressure and permeability as a function of liquid saturation. In the present study, the quasi-static capillary pressure-saturation (P c-S) relationship for the primary drainage in a 3D isotropic fibrous medium was determined by performing micro-scale simulations using a VOF method. The Pc-S relationship obtained from the VOF method was compared with the results from the full-morphology (FM) method. Good agreement was observed between the results from the VOF and FM methods, thus suggesting that the FM method, a computationally less intensive method as compared to VOF method, may be sufficient for estimating the Pc-S relationship for primary drainage.

  13. Enzyme histochemical study on bone tumors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshida,Haruhiko

    1982-12-01

    Full Text Available A total of 19 cases with bone tumors, including six osteosarcomas. three giant cell tumors of bone, one malignant fibrous histiocytoma, four nonossifying fibromas, four chondromas and one chondrosarcoma, were examined as to enzyme histochemistry; the enzymes consisted of alkaline phosphatase (ALPase, acid phosphatase (ACPase, nonspecific esterase (NSE, adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase, 5'-nucleotidase (5'-Nucl and beta-glucuronidase (beta-Gl. Osteosarcoma was strongly positive for ALPase followed by 5'-Nucl. Giant cell tumor, malignant fibrous histiocytoma and nonossifying fibroma showed enzyme histochemistry similar to each other: multinucleated giant cells and round cells in these tumors were strongly positive for ACPase, NSE, ATPase and 5'-Nucl simulating osteoclasts and histiocytes, whereas spindle cells were positive for ATPase and 5'-Nucl in their cytoplasm and weakly positive for ACPase. Chondroma and chondrosarcoma were focally positive for ACPase and NSE; the ACPase was sensitive to tartaric acid treatment. These observations showed that ALPase activity is very characteristic to osteosarcoma, and is useful for its diagnosis. From enzyme histochemistry, giant cell tumor, malignant fibrous histiocytoma and nonossifying fibroma can be regarded as a histiocyte-derived tumor of bone in contrast to osteosarcoma and cartilaginous tumors.

  14. Aggressive malignant abdominal mesothelioma: Clinical report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 32-year-old Filipino female, working as an x-ray technician, presented to the Emergency Room (ER) with acute abdominal pain for one day. The pain was mainly on the left side and left hypochondrium. She had recurring abdominal pain before but not significant to worry her. She also complained of abdominal distension, which she noticed one week ago. Abdominal examination revealed fullness in the left hypochondrium with marked tenderness but negative rebound. Abdominal ultrasound (US) showed a huge mass mainly in the left hypochondrium. The origin of the mass cannot be identified by US. A computerized tomography scan showed a mass in the left side of the abdomen crossing the midline with a necrotic centre. The hospital course of the patient runs smoothly, and she was discharged after 7-days and referred to an Oncology Center. Abdominal mesothelioma is a neoplasm arising from the mesothelial surface lining the abdominal cavity. It is less frequent than that of the pleura. It is a rapidly growing and fatal malignancy with a median survival of less than 1-year. The relation between pleural malignant mesothelioma and asbestos is well recognized since it was described in 19602 but implication of asbestos exposure in the etiology of the peritoneal type is less obvious. This patient history is giving no obvious exposure to asbestos but as she is working in the Radiology Department as an x-ray technician she is well exposed to x-ray, but the effect of radioactivity on inductiont the effect of radioactivity on induction of mesothelioma is still disputed.4 There are several reports linking malignant mesothelioma to radioactivity due to radiation therapy.The fibrous mesothelioma (sarcomatous), as in this case, which is difficult to diagnose microscopically, looks like a fibroma, unless helped by tissue culture. The treatment options of malignant mesothelioma include surgery, intraperitoneal chemotherapy and whole abdominal radiation or multimodality therapy, which were suggested that might prolong the survival in patients with peritoneal mesothelioma.5 Although peritoneal mesothelioma is rare, progress in its management has occurred, survival has been extended and selection factors by which patients may be allocated to aggressive management strategies have been defined

  15. Primary Malignant Tumours of Bone Following Previous Malignancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. J. Grimer

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Destructive bone lesions occurring in patients who have previously had a malignancy are generally assumed to be a metastasis from that malignancy. We reviewed 60 patients with a previous history of malignancy, who presented with a solitary bone lesion that was subsequently found to be a new and different primary sarcoma of bone. These second malignancies occurred in three distinct groups of patients: (1 patients with original tumours well known to be associated with second malignancies (5%; (2 patients whose second malignancies were likely to be due to the previous treatment of their primary malignancy (40%; (3 patients in whom there was no clearly defined association between malignancies (55%. The purpose of this study is to emphasise the necessity for caution in assuming the diagnosis of a metastasis when a solitary bone lesion is identified following a prior malignancy. Inappropriate biopsy and treatment of primary bone sarcomas compromises limb salvage surgery and can affect patient mortality.

  16. Malignant colorectal polyps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Bujanda, Angel Cosme, Ines Gil, Juan I Arenas-Mirave

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, the number of cases in which malignant colorectal polyps are removed is increasing due to colorectal cancer screening programmes. Cancerous polyps are classified into non-invasive high grade neoplasia (NHGN, when the cancer has not reached the muscularis mucosa, and malignant polyps, classed as T1, when they have invaded the submucosa. NHGN is considered cured with polypectomy, while the prognosis for malignant polyps depends on various morphological and histological factors. The prognostic factors include, sessile or pedunculated morphology of the polyp, whether partial or en bloc resection is carried out, the degree of differentiation of the carcinoma, vascular or lymphatic involvement, and whether the polypectomy resection margin is tumor free. A malignant polyp at T1 is considered cured with polypectomy if it is a pedunculated polyp (Ip of the Paris classification, it has been completely resected, it is not poorly differentiated, the resection edge is not affected by the tumor and there is no vascular or lymphatic involvement. The sessile malignant polyp (Is of the Paris classification at T1 is considered not cured with polypectomy. Only in some cases (e.g. older people with high surgical risk local excision (polypectomy or endoscopic submucosal dissection or conventional endoscopic mucosal resection is considered the definitive treatment.

  17. MALIGNANT SALIVARY GLAND TUMORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Violeta Trandafir

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Malignant salivary gland tumors make up 6% of all head and neck tumors. Several types of cancer can develop in these glands. Only malignant tumors of the salivary glands are discussed in this paper. The diagnosis and treatment of salivary gland malignancies remain complex, with challenging problems for maxillo-facial surgeon. Scientists have found few risk factors that make a person more likely to develop salivary gland cancer. Salivary gland cancer is uncommon, and there is no widely recommended screening schedule for this cancer. CT scanning or MRI is useful for determining the extent of large tumors, for evaluating extraglandular extension, for determining the actual depth of parotid tumors, and for discovering other tumors in one gland or in the controlateral gland. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB is a valuable diagnostic adjunct in evaluation of head and neck masses but its role in evaluation of salivary gland tumors is controversial. There are also discussed some histologic findings about mucoepidermoid carcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, acinic cell carcinoma, carcinoma ex-pleomorphic adenoma, squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma developed in salivary glands. Carefully planned and executed surgical excision is the primary treatment for all malignant tumors of the salivary glands. The principles of surgery vary with the site of origin. The extent of surgery is based on the size of the tumor, local extension and neck metastases. Staging of malignant salivary gland tumors is important for predicting prognosis and for accurate comparison of treatment results.

  18. Malignant salivary gland tumours

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thompson, S.H. (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (South Africa). Dept. of Oral Pathology)

    1982-08-01

    The most frequent malignant salivary gland tumours are the mucoepidermoid tumour, adenoid cystic carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. The major salivary glands and the minor glands of the mouth and upper respiratory tract may potentially develop any of these malignant lesions. Malignant lesions most frequently present as a palpable mass and tend to enlarge more rapidly than benign neoplasms. Pain, paresthesia, muscle paralysis and fixation to surrounding tissue are all ominous signs and symptoms. The only reliable means of differential diagnosis of these lesions is biopsy and histologic analysis. Therapy involves surgery or a combination of surgery and radiation therapy. The ultimate prognosis is governed by the intrinsic biologic behaviour of the neoplasms, the extent of disease and adequate clinical therapy.

  19. Malignant salivary gland tumours

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The most frequent malignant salivary gland tumours are the mucoepidermoid tumour, adenoid cystic carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. The major salivary glands and the minor glands of the mouth and upper respiratory tract may potentially develop any of these malignant lesions. Malignant lesions most frequently present as a palpable mass and tend to enlarge more rapidly than benign neoplasms. Pain, paresthesia, muscle paralysis and fixation to surrounding tissue are all ominous signs and symptoms. The only reliable means of differential diagnosis of these lesions is biopsy and histologic analysis. Therapy involves surgery or a combination of surgery and radiation therapy. The ultimate prognosis is governed by the intrinsic biologic behaviour of the neoplasms, the extent of disease and adequate clinical therapy

  20. Fibrous dysplasia mimicking bone metastasis on both bone scintigraphy and 18F FDG PET CT: Diagnostic dilemma in a patient with breast cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bone is the most common distant site to which breast cancer metastasizes. Commonly used imaging modalities for imaging bone metastasis are bone scintigraphy, plain radiography, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and positron emission tomography (PET). Although bone scintigraphy gas high sensitivity for detecting bone metastasis, its specificity is low. This is because of the fact that bone scintigraphy images secondary changes in bone rather than just tumor cells 18F fluorodeoxyglucose (18F FDG) PET CT, on the other hand, directly images the tumor cells' glucose metabolism. Unfortunately, similar to bone scintigraphy, benign bone conditions can also show increased 18F FDG uptake on PET CT, and PET positive asymptomatic fibrous dysplasia can be misinterpreted as a metastasis. Fibrous dysplasia of bone has wide skeletal distribution, with variability of 18F FDG uptake and CT appearance. It is therefore important to recognize the characteristics of this skeletal dysplasia, to allow differentiation from skeletal metastasis. Bone lesions with 18F FDG uptake need to be carefully interpreted when evaluating patients with known malignancy. In doubtful cases, fibrous dysplasia should be given as a differential diagnosis and histopathological diagnosis may be warranted, as highlighted in the present case

  1. A 40-year-old gossypiboma (foreign body granuloma) mimicking a malignant femoral surface tumor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The patient was a 61-year-old man who developed gossypiboma of the left thigh and femur resulting in the imaging appearances of a malignant surface tumor. He had a past history of surgery on the left femur for open fracture 40 years previously. Radiographs and CT showed a soft tissue mass with osteolysis and periosteal thickening of the left femur. On MRI, the mass showed heterogeneous signal intensity with contrast enhancement at the periphery, suggesting a malignancy. 99mTc-HMDP bone scintigraphy showed a faint ring-like uptake, but thallium -201 scintigraphy did not show any uptake in the tumor. An extensive intralesional excision was performed. Postoperative histopathological examination showed a fibrous foreign body with reactive changes. There were neither viable cells nor atypical giant cells around the foreign body. No malignant change was evident. Based on surgical and histopathological examinations, the tumor was finally diagnosed as gossypiboma related to a retained surgical sponge. (orig.)

  2. A 40-year-old gossypiboma (foreign body granuloma) mimicking a malignant femoral surface tumor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sakayama, Kenshi; Fujibuchi, Taketsugu; Kidani, Teruki; Miyawaki, Joji; Yamamoto, Haruyasu [Ehime University School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Ehime (Japan); Sugawara, Yoshifumi [Ehime University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Ehime (Japan)

    2005-04-01

    The patient was a 61-year-old man who developed gossypiboma of the left thigh and femur resulting in the imaging appearances of a malignant surface tumor. He had a past history of surgery on the left femur for open fracture 40 years previously. Radiographs and CT showed a soft tissue mass with osteolysis and periosteal thickening of the left femur. On MRI, the mass showed heterogeneous signal intensity with contrast enhancement at the periphery, suggesting a malignancy. {sup 99m}Tc-HMDP bone scintigraphy showed a faint ring-like uptake, but thallium -201 scintigraphy did not show any uptake in the tumor. An extensive intralesional excision was performed. Postoperative histopathological examination showed a fibrous foreign body with reactive changes. There were neither viable cells nor atypical giant cells around the foreign body. No malignant change was evident. Based on surgical and histopathological examinations, the tumor was finally diagnosed as gossypiboma related to a retained surgical sponge. (orig.)

  3. Juvenile thyroid malignancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parelkar Sandesh

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Thyroid malignancy is an uncommon tumor of the pediatric population. Patients can present with asymptomatic thyroid nodule and it requires thorough work up to rule out the malignancy. Radiological and pathological procedures are a standard part of the management. A 10-year-old girl had asymptomatic thyroid nodule; the cytological examination and the frozen section and final histology of the nodule was different each time. The girl had to undergo total thyroidectomy on the basis of histology of the nodule which was well differentiated papillary carcinoma of thyroid and is under regular follow-up for last two years on thyroid supplementation.

  4. Giant malignant insulinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karavias, Dimitrios; Habeos, Ioannis; Maroulis, Ioannis; Kalogeropoulou, Christina; Tsamandas, Athanasios; Chaveles, Ioannis; Karavias, Dionissios

    2015-05-01

    Insulinomas are the most common pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. Most insulinomas are benign, small, intrapancreatic solid tumors and only large tumors have a tendency for malignancy. Most patients present with symptoms of hypoglycemia that are relieved with the administration of glucose. We herein present the case of a 75-year-old woman who presented with an acute hypoglycemic episode. Subsequent laboratory and radiological studies established the diagnosis of a 17-cm malignant insulinoma, with local invasion to the left kidney, lymph node metastasis, and hepatic metastases. Patient symptoms, diagnostic and imaging work-up and surgical management of both the primary and the metastatic disease are reviewed. PMID:25960993

  5. Malignant system diseases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Following a brief survey on the not entirely clear aetiology of the malignant system diseases, their epidemiology and histology, as well as the clinic and treatment fundamentals. The author deals with malignant lymphoma and the myeloproliferative diseases in two special sections. In the case of lymphoma he distinguishes between the treatment of Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma and gives a survey on the histology, various stages, performance of radiotherapy with therapy plan, as well as prognoses and results. The myeloproliferative diseases are treated according to their individual forms (acute, chronic, myeloic leukemia and chronic lymphatic leukemia, osteomyelosklerosis, polycythaemic vera, plasmocytoma and eosinophile granulom) and the corresponding form of radiotherapy. (MG)

  6. Ancient schwannoma of the thigh mimicking a malignant tumour: a report of two cases, with emphasis on MRI findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Y Soo; Kim, J O; Park, S E

    2010-07-01

    Ancient schwannomas are rare, encapsulated tumours of long duration and are benign in nature. The tumour is solitary and may grow to a large size before detection of notable degenerative changes. The term "ancient schwannoma" is used to describe a tumour that has undergone such changes, typified by relative loss of Antoni type A tissue, perivascular hyalinisation, calcification, cystic necrosis, haemorrhage and the presence of degenerative nuclei that may be misinterpreted as sarcomatous pleomorphism. We report two cases of ancient schwannoma in the thigh mimicking malignancies. Identifying the fibrous capsule of the mass and a split fat sign using MRI is important for differentiating ancient schwannoma from other malignant tumours. PMID:20603402

  7. Solitary fibrous tumor of the thigh with epithelioid features: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garcia-Garcia Jose

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Extrapleural Solitary Fibrous tumors (SFTs have been increasingly reported. The retroperitoneum, deep soft tissues of proximal extremities, abdominal cavity, trunk, head and neck are the most common extraserosal locations reported. Microscopically they show a wide range of morphological features, and so the differential diagnosis is extensive. Immunohistochemically, they commonly express CD34, vimentin, bcl-2 and CD99. Epithelial membrane antigen (EMA and smooth muscle actin (SMA may occasionally be expressed. Epithelioid morphology in extrapleural SFT has only very occasionally been described (five cases reported, some of them with biphasic pattern and others with malignant characteristics. Case presentation A SFT of the thigh with epithelioid areas in a 63 year old woman is reported. Microscopically the tumor showed areas hypo and hipercellular. At the periphery of the hipercellular areas there were nodules composed of epithelioid cells. Immunohistochemically both the spindle and epithelioid cells were positive for CD34, vimentin, bcl-2 and CD99. Epithelial, neural and muscular markers were negative. Molecular study was done and ruled out a synovial sarcoma. Conclusion Ten cases of SFT of the thigh have been reported but to our knowledge this is the first case with epithelioid morphology affecting the extremities. Identification of this pattern of SFT is of importance, to avoid misdiagnosis with other more aggressive conditions in soft tissue.

  8. [A case of intraorbital solitary fibrous tumor resected successfully with preoperative arterial embolization].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kishimoto, Ippei; Shinohara, Shogo; Fujiwara, Keizo; Kikuchi, Masahiro; Tona, Risa; Kanazawa, Yuji; Harada, Hiroyuki; Naito, Yasushi; Usami, Yu

    2014-12-01

    The solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle cell neoplasm derived from mesenchymal cells. It sometimes recurs clinically, and is categorized as an 'intermediate malignancy' tumor under the WHO (World Health Organization) classification of soft tissue tumors. Several studies have reported on intraorbital SFTs, but none of them has pointed out the utility of preoperative arterial embolization in the case of an intraorbital SFT. A 75-year-old man, who had received a dacryocystectomy for a benign tumor in the right lacrimal sac 30 years previously, visited our hospital complaining of lower eyelid swelling and lachrymation that had persisted for a year. CT and MRI revealed an intraorbital lesion, and the open biopsy specimen showed dense growth of spindle cells, which turned out to be an SFT by immunohistochemistry based on the findings. After preoperative embolization of the infraorbital artery, we removed the tumor with a skin incision on the lower rim of the orbit with little bleeding. The surgical specimen revealed that the tumor was close to a lacrimal canaliculus, which suggested the tumor originated from the lacrimal apparatus considering the patient's past history. He was followed up for three months without recurrences. PMID:25946830

  9. Clinicopathological findings in a case series of abdominopelvic solitary fibrous tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hao; Chen, Ping; Zhao, Wei; Shi, Lei; Gu, Xuewen; Xu, Qing

    2014-04-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) represent a rare type of soft tissue tumor. Extrathoracic SFTs (ESFTs) in the soft tissues of the abdominopelvic cavity are extremely rare. Between January 2002 and January 2013, 10 patients were identified with abdominopelvic SFTs at the Northern Jiangsu People's Hospital. The clinicopathological data, treatment and follow-up results were retrospectively analyzed in this study. Patients included four females and six males, whose age ranged between 21 and 75 years (mean, 53.3 years). The maximum diameter of the tumors was 2.5-28 cm (mean, 12.7 cm). Two cases were diagnosed as malignant variants of ESFTs. R0 resection was performed in eight patients, while one patient underwent R1 resection, and one patient received palliative chemotherapy for an inoperable mass. Follow-up time ranged between 6 and 126 months (mean, 50 months). The patient with R1 resection suffered a local relapse, and the patient receiving palliative chemotherapy succumbed to the disease. The remaining eight patients remained free of disease. Abdominopelvic SFTs usually reveal an indolent process, although the majority of tumors in the present study were of giant size when diagnosed. The risk of local recurrence and metastasis correlates with tumor size and the histological status of surgical margins. The preferred treatment is complete resection followed by extended follow-up surveillance. PMID:24944670

  10. Intramuscular myxoma and fibrous dysplasia of bone - Mazabraud`s syndrome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Court-Payen, M. [Copenhagen Univ. (Denmark). Dept. of Ultrasound; Ingemann Jensen, L. [Copenhagen Univ. (Denmark). Dept. of Radiology; Bjerregaard, B. [Copenhagen Univ. (Denmark). Dept. of Pathology; Schwarz Lausten, G. [Copenhagen Univ. (Denmark). Dept. of Orthopedics; Skjoldbye, B. [Copenhagen Univ. (Denmark). Dept. of Ultrasound

    1997-05-01

    We present a case of Mazabroud`s syndrome, a rare benign disease, with multiple intramuscular myxomas of the thoracic wall associated with fibrous dysplasia of bone. CT, MR imaging and ultrasonography (US) of the thorax showed 2 well circumscribed homogeneous intramuscular tumors. A US-guided needle biopsy with a large-core needle (2.0 mm) and a fine needle (0.8 mm) showed that the tumors were intramuscular myxomas with no sign of malignancy. {sup 99m}Tc bone scintigraphy showed a markedly increased uptake in the right lower skull, and multiple smaller foci. CT of the skull revealed a right-sided unilateral bone thickening of the orbit and the ethomoidal cells, and right-sided exophthalmia. This case history suggests that patients with multiple intramuscular myxomas should be preoperatively examined for osseous lesions. A postoperative follow-up should also be performed to detect other soft-tissue myxomas not as yet clinically detectable, or rare osseous complications. (orig.).

  11. An endochronic theory for transversely isotropic fibrous composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pindera, M. J.; Herakovich, C. T.

    1981-01-01

    A rational methodology of modelling both nonlinear and elastic dissipative response of transversely isotropic fibrous composites is developed and illustrated with the aid of the observed response of graphite-polyimide off-axis coupons. The methodology is based on the internal variable formalism employed within the text of classical irreversible thermodynamics and entails extension of Valanis' endochronic theory to transversely isotropic media. Applicability of the theory to prediction of various response characteristics of fibrous composites is illustrated by accurately modelling such often observed phenomena as: stiffening reversible behavior along fiber direction; dissipative response in shear and transverse tension characterized by power-laws with different hardening exponents; permanent strain accumulation; nonlinear unloading and reloading; and stress-interaction effects.

  12. Medical image of the week: solitary fibrous tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baumann J

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available A 68 year old female with a history of resected lung cancer and new onset joint pain and swelling presented for evaluation. Imaging revealed a right intrapleural mass and resection confirmed solitary fibrous tumor (SFT of the pleura (benign. The patient experienced resolution of her joint pain, which was due to pulmonary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy, shortly after resection. Although not present in our patient, tumor induced hypoglycemia (Doege-Potter syndrome can also be seen in SFTs. Solitary fibrous tumors are uncommon neoplasms of mesenchymal tissue, and can originate from either visceral or parietal pleural surfaces. Though they can grow to large size before clinical detection, the majority are benign, and can be treated with en bloc surgical resection.

  13. 3D CHARACTERIZATION OF WOOD BASED FIBROUS MATERIALS: AN APPLICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jérôme Lux

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Morphological characterization of wood based fibrous materials is carried out using X-ray tomography. This technique allows the non destructive observation at the scales of a fibre (microscopic scale and of a network of fibres (mesoscopic scale. The 3D images are processed using classical tools of mathematical morphology. Measures of porosities and estimations of the size distributions of fibres and pores are carried out and compared to other results. An alternative method for the calculation of the local orientation of the fibres is also described to quantify the anisotropy of the fibres network. Finally, the individualization of the fibres is obtained from the representation of the fibrous network as a 3D skeleton, making possible further measurements on the isolated fibres.

  14. Fibrous random materials: From microstructure to macroscopic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yazdchi, K.; Luding, S.

    2013-06-01

    Fibrous porous materials are involved in a wide range of applications including composite materials, fuel cells, heat exchangers and (biological)filters. Fluid flow through these materials plays an important role in many engineering applications and processes, such as textiles and paper manufacturing or transport of (under)ground water and pollutants. While most porous materials have complex geometry, some can be seen as two-dimensional particulate/fibrous systems, in which we introduce several microscopic quantities, based on Voronoi and Delaunay tessellations, to characterize their microstructure. In particular, by analyzing the topological properties of Voronoi polygons, we observe a smooth transition from disorder to order, for increasing packing fraction. Using fully resolved finite element (FE) simulations of Newtonian, incompressible fluid flow perpendicular to the fibres, the macroscopic permeability is calculated in creeping flow regimes. The effect of fibre arrangement and local crystalline regions on the macroscopic permeability is discussed and the macroscopic property is linked to the microscopic structural quantities.

  15. Spontaneous involution of diffuse fibrous dysplasia of paranasal sinuses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Carlo, D; Zotto, L Dal; Carollo, C; Porzionato, A; D'Avella, D; Pomerri, F; Battistella, P A

    2015-05-01

    We report the case of a 25-year-old patient, diagnosed at age 10, with diffuse fibrous dysplasia of the paranasal sinuses, an extremely rare idiopathic condition. This diagnosis is possible only by cerebral computed tomography (CT), cerebral and anterior skull base magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and histopathology. Surgical treatment is common. This boy had mild symptoms: moderate headache in the morning that did not affect his daily activity, and rhinitis, partially responsive to medication. The neurologic examination was abnormal. Radiographs, CT, and MRI showed a diffuse mass in the paranasal sinuses which had a histopathological diagnosis of fibrous dysplasias. The family refused to refer the patient to surgery. The boy has been monitored annually for 15 years. He has remained asymptomatic without headache since age 11, with normal, general and neurologic examinations. Serial MRIs showed a spontaneous partial involution of the mass. PMID:24907138

  16. Development of flame resistant treatment for Nomex fibrous structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toy, M. S.

    1977-01-01

    Flame resistant fibrous materials for space shuttle application were developed through chemical modification of commercially available aromatic polyamide fibrous products. The new surface treatment was achieved in the laboratory by ultraviolet activation of the fabric in the presence of fluoroolefin monomers and a diluent gas. The monomers grafted under these conditions provide the improved properties of the fabric in flame resistance, chemical inertness, and nonwettability without the sacrifice of color or physical properties. The laboratory reaction vessel was scaled-up to a batch continuous process, which treats ten yards of the commercial width textiles. The treated commercial width Nomex (HT-10-41) from the scaled-up reactor is self-extinguishing in an oxygen-enriched environment, water-repellent, soft, silky, and improved in chemical resistance. Unlike most textile processes, the grafting unit operates under dry conditions and no chemical by-products have to be washed out of the finished product.

  17. Using fibrous sorbents for water treatment from radionuclides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The created technology of producing cationic and anionic exchange fibrous sorbents on the basis of polyacrylonitrilic fibers is described in the paper. Chemical characteristics of the sorbent and filters were investigated. The static exchange capacity is 3-4 meq/g for cationic sorbents and 1-2 meq/g for anionic sorbents. The removal coefficients of 134,137Cs, 90Sr, 129I and 60Co radionuclides from drinking water by the filter are 102-103. (author)

  18. BMP-2-loaded silica nanotube fibrous meshes for bone generation

    OpenAIRE

    Song Chen, Xuetao Shi

    2011-01-01

    Silica nanotube fibrous meshes were fabricated as multiple functional matrices for both delivering bone morphological protein-2 (BMP-2) and supporting osteoblast attachment and proliferation. The meshes were fabricated via a collagen-templated sol–gel route and consisted of tubular silica with open ends. BMP-2 was loaded to the meshes by soaking in BMP-2 solution. The meshes effectively enabled the attachment and proliferation of osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cells and delivered bioactive BMP-2 to st...

  19. Determination of physical properties of fibrous thermal insulation

    OpenAIRE

    Jeandel G.; Monod B.; Lassue S.; Joulin A.; Tilioua A.; Libessart L.

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this study is to characterize both experimentally and theoretically, conductive and radiative heat transfer within polyester batting. This material is derived from recycled bottles (PET) with fibres of constant diameters. Two other mineral and plant fibrous insulation materials, (glass wool and hemp wool) are also characterized for comparative purposes. To determine the overall thermophysical properties of the tested materials, heat flux measurement are carried out using a de...

  20. Directionally oriented fibrous structures for llghtweight concrete elements reinforcement

    OpenAIRE

    Fangueiro, Rau?l; Marques, P.; Pereira, C. Gonilho

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports on the work that is being undertaken at the University of Minho concerning the development of directionally oriented fibrous structures (DOFS) to be used as a concrete reinforcement material. Several glass fibre wovenlike DOFS were produced varying two parameters: roving linear density (tex) and reinforcement structural density (rovings/ cm). Self-compacting concrete slabs were reinforced by DOFS structures and their bending behaviour was evaluated. The resul...

  1. Surgical treatment of fibrous dysplasia in the proximal femur

    OpenAIRE

    Tong, Zhichao; Zhang, Wentao; Jiao, Ning; Wang, Kunzheng; Chen, Bo; Yang, Tuanmin

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to summarize oncological and functional results and to investigate surgical treatment methods and efficacies by conducting a retrospective study of patients with fibrous dysplasia (FD) in the proximal femur. A total of 15 patients with FD in the proximal femur were selected. Among them, 12 cases were monostotic and 3 cases were polyostotic. In addition, 2 cases were accompanied by shepherd’s crook deformity. All cases received internal fixation following focus cure...

  2. Gynaecological malignancies in Qatar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ejeckam, G C; Abdulla, F; el-Sakka, M; Dauleh, W; Haseeb, F

    1994-12-01

    Gynaecological malignancies constitute 6.88% (144 of 2092) of all malignant lesions in Qatar over a 15 year period (1979-1993). Cancer of the cervix was the most common with 54.86% followed by ovarian cancer 22.91%, endometrium 15.97%, vulva and vagina 2.75% and 2.08% respectively. Malignancies of the corpus uteri were rare. No tumours of the Fallopian tubes were registered during the study period. Early marriage, frequent coitus started early in life and increasing number of pregnancies were predisposing factors for the genesis of cancer of the cervix. As in some other developing countries, cervical and ovarian neoplasms tend to occur in the younger age group. Germ cell and gonadal stromal tumours were rare in Qatar and this may suggest rarity of these tumours in women of Arab and Indian subcontinent descent. Increasing number of pregnancies seems to protect against ovarian cancer. Abortions and age at menarche do not influence the incidence of gynaecological malignancies. Our findings provide an adequate data base for planning of gynaecological cancer education, screening programmes and resource allocation in Qatar. PMID:7705247

  3. Gefäßbiologie maligner Hirntumore

    OpenAIRE

    Trillsch, Fabian

    2009-01-01

    Das Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM, WHO-Grad IV) ist ein äußerst aggressiver und stark vaskularisierter Tumor. Trotz multimodaler Therapiekonzepte mit chirurgischer Resektion, Bestrahlung und Chemotherapie haben die betroffenen Patienten eine schlechte Prognose von lediglich 9 bis 15 Monaten Überlebenszeit nach Diagnosestellung. Innovative Therapiekonzepte sind daher dringend erforderlich. Im Fokus dieser Arbeit stand das abnorme Gefäßsystem maligner Hirntumoren. Aufbauend auf einem besseren Ve...

  4. Diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma in an urban hospital: Clinical spectrum and trend in incidence over time

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shepherd, K.E.; Oliver, L.C.; Kazemi, H. (Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (USA))

    1989-01-01

    This retrospective analysis reviews the clinical experience of a major urban referral hospital with diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma during the 14-year period from 1973 through 1986. Seventy-five cases of definite or equivocal mesothelioma were identified. There were four cases of primary malignant peritoneal mesothelioma, seven cases of benign fibrous mesothelioma, and 64 cases of diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma. In 43 cases (67%) of diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma, there was historic evidence of asbestos exposure. In 21 cases (33%), there was no known history of asbestos exposure. An increase in annual incidence of diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma was observed over the study period, from three cases in 1973 to ten cases in 1986. Despite greater awareness of this disease, the diagnosis remains a difficult one to establish given the nonspecific symptoms, signs and radiographic appearance, variable histologic appearance, and poor diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of thoracentesis and closed pleural biopsy. Thoracotomy, thoracoscopy, and CT-guided needle biopsies gave higher yields and are the diagnostic measures of choice when diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma is suspected.

  5. Diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma in an urban hospital: Clinical spectrum and trend in incidence over time

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This retrospective analysis reviews the clinical experience of a major urban referral hospital with diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma during the 14-year period from 1973 through 1986. Seventy-five cases of definite or equivocal mesothelioma were identified. There were four cases of primary malignant peritoneal mesothelioma, seven cases of benign fibrous mesothelioma, and 64 cases of diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma. In 43 cases (67%) of diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma, there was historic evidence of asbestos exposure. In 21 cases (33%), there was no known history of asbestos exposure. An increase in annual incidence of diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma was observed over the study period, from three cases in 1973 to ten cases in 1986. Despite greater awareness of this disease, the diagnosis remains a difficult one to establish given the nonspecific symptoms, signs and radiographic appearance, variable histologic appearance, and poor diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of thoracentesis and closed pleural biopsy. Thoracotomy, thoracoscopy, and CT-guided needle biopsies gave higher yields and are the diagnostic measures of choice when diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma is suspected

  6. Malignant Melanoma of the Foot

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of the Foot Text Size Print Bookmark Malignant Melanoma of the Foot What is Malignant Melanoma? Melanoma is a cancer that begins in the cells ... produce pigmentation (coloration). It is also called malignant melanoma because it spreads to other areas of the ...

  7. Pembrolizumab in Treating Patients With Malignant Mesothelioma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-24

    Biphasic Mesothelioma; Epithelioid Mesothelioma; Peritoneal Malignant Mesothelioma; Pleural Biphasic Mesothelioma; Pleural Epithelioid Mesothelioma; Pleural Malignant Mesothelioma; Pleural Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma; Recurrent Peritoneal Malignant Mesothelioma; Recurrent Pleural Malignant Mesothelioma; Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma

  8. Recent Advances on Fractal Modeling of Permeability for Fibrous Porous Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Jianchao; Luo, Liang; Ye, Ran; Zeng, Xiangfeng; Hu, Xiangyun

    2015-03-01

    Permeability is an important hydraulic parameter for characterizing heat and mass transfer properties of fibrous porous media. However, it is difficult to be quantitatively predicted due to the complex and irregular pore structure of fibrous porous media. Fractal geometry has been verified to be an effective method for determining the permeability of fibrous porous media. In this study, recent works on the permeability of fibrous porous media by means of fractal geometry are reviewed, the advances for each presented fractal model are analyzed and summarized, parameter equations used in available fractal permeability models are also briefly compared and reviewed. Future work for more generalized permeability model of fibrous porous media need to conducted by considering the special characters of fibrous materials, uniform pore structure parameter model and the influence factor of capillary pressure, electrokinetic phenomena, etc.

  9. Epigenetics in the hematologic malignancies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fong, Chun Yew; Morison, Jessica; Dawson, Mark A

    2014-12-01

    A wealth of genomic and epigenomic data has identified abnormal regulation of epigenetic processes as a prominent theme in hematologic malignancies. Recurrent somatic alterations in myeloid malignancies of key proteins involved in DNA methylation, post-translational histone modification and chromatin remodeling have highlighted the importance of epigenetic regulation of gene expression in the initiation and maintenance of various malignancies. The rational use of targeted epigenetic therapies requires a thorough understanding of the underlying mechanisms of malignant transformation driven by aberrant epigenetic regulators. In this review we provide an overview of the major protagonists in epigenetic regulation, their aberrant role in myeloid malignancies, prognostic significance and potential for therapeutic targeting. PMID:25472952

  10. Hyaluronan in human malignancies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sironen, R.K. [Institute of Clinical Medicine, Pathology and Forensic Medicine, University of Eastern Finland, P.O. Box 1627, FI-70211 Kuopio (Finland); Department of Pathology, Kuopio University Hospital, P.O. Box 1777, FI-70211 Kuopio (Finland); Tammi, M.; Tammi, R. [Institute of Biomedicine, Anatomy, University of Eastern Finland, P.O. Box 1627, FI-70211 Kuopio (Finland); Auvinen, P.K. [Department of Oncology, Kuopio University Hospital, P.O. Box 1777, FI-70211 Kuopio (Finland); Anttila, M. [Institute of Clinical Medicine, Pathology and Forensic Medicine, University of Eastern Finland, P.O. Box 1627, FI-70211 Kuopio (Finland); Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Kuopio University Hospital, P.O. Box 1777, FI-70211 Kuopio (Finland); Kosma, V-M., E-mail: Veli-Matti.Kosma@uef.fi [Institute of Clinical Medicine, Pathology and Forensic Medicine, University of Eastern Finland, P.O. Box 1627, FI-70211 Kuopio (Finland); Department of Pathology, Kuopio University Hospital, P.O. Box 1777, FI-70211 Kuopio (Finland)

    2011-02-15

    Hyaluronan, a major macropolysaccharide in the extracellular matrix of connective tissues, is intimately involved in the biology of cancer. Hyaluronan accumulates into the stroma of various human tumors and modulates intracellular signaling pathways, cell proliferation, motility and invasive properties of malignant cells. Experimental and clinicopathological evidence highlights the importance of hyaluronan in tumor growth and metastasis. A high stromal hyaluronan content is associated with poorly differentiated tumors and aggressive clinical behavior in human adenocarcinomas. Instead, the squamous cell carcinomas and malignant melanomas tend to have a reduced hyaluronan content. In addition to the stroma-cancer cell interaction, hyaluronan can influence stromal cell recruitment, tumor angiogenesis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Hyaluronan receptors, hyaluronan synthases and hyaluronan degrading enzymes, hyaluronidases, are involved in the modulation of cancer progression, depending on the tumor type. Furthermore, intracellular signaling and angiogenesis are affected by the degradation products of hyaluronan. Hyaluronan has also therapeutic implications since it is involved in multidrug resistance.

  11. [Primary malignant bone tumors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Eisenhart-Rothe, R; Toepfer, A; Salzmann, M; Schauwecker, J; Gollwitzer, H; Rechl, H

    2011-12-01

    Among human neoplasms, primary malignant bone tumors are fairly rare. They present an incidence rate of roughly 10 cases per 1 million inhabitants per year. During childhood (adamantinoma are very rare. Staging of the lesion is essential for systemic therapeutic decision-making and includes complete imaging and histo-pathological confirmation of the suspected entity. In most cases, this is established by open- or image-guided biopsy. Based on this information, an interdisciplinary tumor board will determine the individual therapeutic approach. Endoprosthetic or biological reconstruction following wide tumor resection is the most common surgical therapy for primary malignant bone tumors. There is vital importance in a thorough postoperative follow-up and continous after-care by a competent tumor center which is permanentely in charge of therapy. PMID:22130624

  12. Cutaneous horn malignant melanoma

    OpenAIRE

    Haruto Nishida; Tsutomu Daa; Kenji Kashima; Motoki Arakane; Hiromitsu Shimada; Mizuki Goto; Yoshitaka Kai; Yutaka Hatano; Osamu Okamoto; Shigeo Yokoyama

    2013-01-01

    A 73-year-old Japanese woman presented with cutaneous horn on the right cheek. The resected tumor was 9 mm in diameter, with 14 mm protrusion, and showed exophytic growth with marked papillomatosis. Histopathology showed proliferation of atypical melanocytes with melanin pigments in the epidermis and dermis under the cutaneous horn. These cells were confined to the base of the cutaneous horn, and did not spread to the surrounding epidermis. The final diagnosis was cutaneous horn malignant mel...

  13. Malignant epignathus teratoma

    OpenAIRE

    SC Too; Ahmad Sarji, S; YI Yik; TM Ramanujam

    2008-01-01

    A baby boy who had a left facial mass detected on antenatal ultrasound was delivered by Caesarian section after foetal distress was detected. Imaging investigations by plain radiographs and MRI showed a large mass with calcifications, soft tissue, fat and fluid components. A total surgical excision was perfomed and histology examination showed teratoma with no malignant features. Two weeks postoperatively, there was rapid recurrence of the tumour with intracranial involvement and obstructive ...

  14. Esophageal tuberculosis mimicking malignancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geusens, E; Verschakelen, J A; Flamaing, J; Bogaert, J; Ponette, E; Decramer, M; Baert, A L

    1996-01-01

    A case of pulmonary and esophageal tuberculosis in an 82-year-old female is presented. Esophageal tuberculosis is very rarely seen in Europe and the United States, but the disease is still endemic in India. The major differential diagnosis is esophageal malignancy. Findings that can suggest the diagnosis are tracheo-esophageal fistula formation, enlarged, centrally necrotizing lymph nodes, and a micronodular lung pattern. PMID:8797957

  15. Microbiome and Malignancy

    OpenAIRE

    Plottel, Claudia S.; Blaser, Martin J.

    2011-01-01

    Current knowledge is insufficient to explain why only a proportion of individuals exposed to environmental carcinogens or carrying a genetic predisposition to cancer develop disease. Clearly, other factors must be important and one such element that has recently received attention is the human microbiome, the residential microbes including Bacteria, Archaea, Eukaryotes, and viruses that colonize humans. Here, we review principles and paradigms of microbiome-related malignancy, as illustrated ...

  16. Pulmonary mycobacteriosis and malignancy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It has been widely believed that pulmonary tuberculosis may be activated by irradiation. Although mycobacterial infections are not rare in the immunocompromised host, activation of disease by irradiation has not been described in previous reviews of mycobacterial infections associated with malignancy. This report presents a case of a patient in whom activation of pulmonary infection with mycobacteria of the avium-intracellulare complex was believed to be linked to local irradiation for carcinoma of the breast

  17. Mineral inclusions in fibrous diamonds: constraints on cratonic mantle refertilization and diamond formation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Christine E.; Kopylova, Maya; Smith, Evan

    2014-06-01

    We analyzed mineral microinclusions in fibrous diamonds from the Wawa metaconglomerate (Superior craton) and Diavik kimberlites (Slave craton) and compared them with published compositions of large mineral inclusions in non-fibrous diamonds from these localities. The comparison, together with similar datasets available for Ekati and Koffiefontein kimberlites, suggest a general pattern of metasomatic alteration imposed on the ambient mantle by formation of fibrous diamond. Calcium and Fe enrichment of peridotitic garnet and pyroxenes and Fe enrichment of olivine associated with fibrous diamond-forming fluids contributes to refertilization of the cratonic mantle. Saline—carbonatitic—silicic fluid trapped by fibrous diamonds may represent one of the elusive agents of mantle refertilization. Calcium enrichment of peridotitic garnet and pyroxenes is expected in local mantle segments during fibrous diamond production, as Ca in the carbonatitic fluids is deposited into the surrounding mantle when oxidized carbon is reduced to diamond. Harzburgitic garnet evolves towards Ca-rich compositions even when it interacts with Ca-poor saline fluids. An unusual trend of Mg enrichment to Fo95-98 is observed in some olivine inclusions in Wawa fibrous diamonds. The trend may result from the carbonatitic composition of the fluid that promotes crystallization of magnesian olivine and preferentially oxidizes the fayalite component. We propose a generic model of fibrous and non-fibrous diamond formation from carbonatitic fluids that explains enrichment of the mantle in mafic magmaphile and incompatible elements and accounts for locally metasomatized compositions of diamond inclusions.

  18. Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stine Munkholm-Larsen

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Malignant mesothelioma is a highly aggressive neoplasm. The incidence of malignant mesothelioma is increasing worldwide. Diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (DMPM represents one-fourth of all mesotheliomas. Association of asbestos exposure with DMPM has been observed, especially in males. The great majority of patients present with abdominal pain and distension, caused by accumulation of tumors and ascitic fluid. In the past, DMPM was considered a pre-terminal condition; therefore attracted little attention. Patients invariably died from their disease within a year. Recently, several prospective trials have demonstrated a median survival of 40 to 90 mo and 5-year survival of 30% to 60% after combined treatment using cytoreductive surgery and perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy. This remarkable improvement in survival has prompted new search into the medical science related to DMPM, a disease previously ignored as uninteresting. This review article focuses on the key advances in the epidemiology, diagnosis, staging, treatments and prognosis of DMPM that have occurred in the past decade.

  19. Radiotherapy of malignant melanomas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A study is made of 46 patients with cutaneous and mucoseous malignant melanoma treated in the Department of Radiotherapy of. A.C. Camargo Hospital - Fundacao Antonio Prudente - Sao Paulo - Brazil, from 1960 to 1973. Radiotherapy was employed as a radical procedure in 9 patients, as a, remissive procedure in 10 and as an adjuvant pre-or post-operative therapeutic in 22 patients. Six patients were submitted to actnic hipophysectomy. One out of the cases submitted to radical radiotherapy showed complete response and six patients partial response. Seven out of the ten cases treated with paliative intention did not show symptomatology after radiotherapy that led them to treatment. Under the ever-existing conflict of the clinical literature and experimentation, it is found that there had not been estabilished a definite concept concerning radiosensibility of malignant melanomas yet. The different response to the radiation-therapy from one case to another makes the local prognostic unsafe. It is concluded that the role of radiotherapy has not been perfectly estabilished in the therapeutic approach of malignant melanoma and that prospective studies are needed to situate radiotherapy in the treatment of this disease. (Author)

  20. Meningioma maligno / Malignant meningioma

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Yvei, González Orlandi; Luis, Elizondo Barrier; Reinel, Junco Martín; Jorge, Rojas Manresa; Víctor, Duboy Limonta; Alberto, Pérez Villafuerte.

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Los meningiomas intracraneales son tumores por lo general benignos, de crecimiento lento, y se originan en la capa de células aracnoideas, especialmente en las granulaciones aracnoideas. Los meningiomas anaplásicos o malignos representen solo el 1-3 %. En ocasiones simulan lesiones tumorales neuroep [...] iteliales malignas, por su crecimiento rápido y la frecuente invasión al tejido cerebral vecino; suelen recidivar con mayor frecuencia y muchas veces requieren terapia coadyuvante. Las imágenes topográficas de este tipo de tumores suelen ser hiperdensas, con muy buena captación del contraste, regulares y bien delimitadas con poco o ningún edema asociado, todo lo contrario a lo visto en el caso que se presenta, en el cual las imágenes parecían corresponder a las de un glioma maligno (glioblastoma multiforme). Abstract in english The intracranial meningiomas are tumors in general of benign type of a slow growth originating in the arachnoid cells layer, especially in arachnoid granulations. The anaplastic or malignant meningiomas accounted for only the 1-3%. Sometimes they simulate malignant neuroepithelial lesions due to its [...] fast growth and the frequent invasion of surrounding cerebral tissue with very frequent relapses and many times they required adjuvant therapy. The topographic images of this type of tumor are hyper-denses with a good contrast capture, regular and well defined with not much or not associated edema, quite the contrary that observed in present case where images seems to correspond with those of a malignant glioma (multiforme glioblastoma).

  1. Meningioma maligno Malignant meningioma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yvei González Orlandi

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Los meningiomas intracraneales son tumores por lo general benignos, de crecimiento lento, y se originan en la capa de células aracnoideas, especialmente en las granulaciones aracnoideas. Los meningiomas anaplásicos o malignos representen solo el 1-3 %. En ocasiones simulan lesiones tumorales neuroepiteliales malignas, por su crecimiento rápido y la frecuente invasión al tejido cerebral vecino; suelen recidivar con mayor frecuencia y muchas veces requieren terapia coadyuvante. Las imágenes topográficas de este tipo de tumores suelen ser hiperdensas, con muy buena captación del contraste, regulares y bien delimitadas con poco o ningún edema asociado, todo lo contrario a lo visto en el caso que se presenta, en el cual las imágenes parecían corresponder a las de un glioma maligno (glioblastoma multiforme.The intracranial meningiomas are tumors in general of benign type of a slow growth originating in the arachnoid cells layer, especially in arachnoid granulations. The anaplastic or malignant meningiomas accounted for only the 1-3%. Sometimes they simulate malignant neuroepithelial lesions due to its fast growth and the frequent invasion of surrounding cerebral tissue with very frequent relapses and many times they required adjuvant therapy. The topographic images of this type of tumor are hyper-denses with a good contrast capture, regular and well defined with not much or not associated edema, quite the contrary that observed in present case where images seems to correspond with those of a malignant glioma (multiforme glioblastoma.

  2. The growth of fibrous, cloudy and polycrystalline diamonds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bureau, Hélène; Langenhorst, Falko; Auzende, Anne-Line; Frost, Daniel J.; Estève, Imène; Siebert, Julien

    2012-01-01

    We have performed an experimental study designed to reproduce the growth of fibrous/coated, cloudy and polycrystalline diamonds in hydrous silica-carbonate-rich fluids. Multi-anvil experiments have been conducted at pressures between 7 and 9 GPa and temperatures between 1200 and 1675 °C, with run durations ranging from a few hours to a few days. Significant diamond growth was observed in all experiments. The growth was either homogeneous, with new diamond crystals growing spontaneously in the fluid, or heterogeneous, by rim overgrowth on pre-existing diamond seeds. A wide range of the morphology observed in nature has been reproduced and identified in the run products (aggregates, fibrous, and monocrystalline areas). For the first time, multi-phase inclusions, closely mimicking those found in natural samples, have been experimentally produced during diamond growth. These arise either from a mixture of coexisting liquids (hydrous silicate melt and aqueous fluid) or from a unique supercritical fluid resulting from the total miscibility of the two fluids, which occurs at high pressure and temperature. These results strengthen the hypothesis that diamonds grow from carbon and water-rich fluids and support models proposing episodic growth from successive fluids. The results raise the possibility that natural inclusions with different compositions found in a single diamond may form through the trapping of immiscible liquids, which had locally unmixed prior to trapping. Finally, considering the composition of the diamond’s parent fluids, a subduction origin is likely, at least for fibrous/coated, cloudy diamonds, and to some extent, for polycrystalline diamonds also.

  3. Displasia fibrosa de seno maxilar / Fibrous Dysplasia of Maxillary Sinus

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Cecilia, Parladé Formell; Yamily, González Cardona; Portelles Massó, Ayelén M; Julio O, Fuentes de la Rosa; Mirian, Vivar Bauzá.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available La displasia fibrosa fue descrita por Lichtenstein en 1938, es una enfermedad caracterizada por el reemplazo progresivo de tejido óseo normal por una proliferación de tejido conectivo fibroso, por su forma de presentación se clasifica en monostótica o poliostótica. La forma monostótica, localizada e [...] n la región craneofacial constituye solo el 10 % de los casos, se presenta con mayor frecuencia en el maxilar superior y puede afectar a huesos adyacentes como el cigomático, esfenoides y occipital. La degeneración sarcomatosa puede ocurrir en un 0,5 %. Se presenta el caso de una paciente femenina, de 37 años de edad, operada ocho años antes de displasia fibrosa en el Servicio de Cirugía Máxilofacial del Hospital Vladimir I. Lenin, que luego de su embarazo y parto presenta un aumento de volumen en área malar y maxilar izquierdos, a la que se le realiza biopsia que da como resultado una recidiva. Se le realiza cirugía remodelativa de pared anterior de seno maxilar, a través de una incisión de Weber-Ferguson, con buenos resultados estéticos y funcionales. Abstract in english Fibrous dysplasia was described by Lichtenstein in 1938, is a progressive disease characterized by replacement of normal bone tissue by proliferation of fibrous connective tissue, its presentation is classified in monostotic or polyostotic. The monostotic form, located in the craniofacial region con [...] stitutes only 10 % of cases, it occurs most frequently in the maxilla and adjacent bones can affect as the zygomatic, sphenoid and occipital. The sarcomatous degeneration can occur in 0.5 %. A 37-year-old female patient, who underwent fibrous dysplasia surgery eight years ago at Maxillofacial Surgery Department of Vladimir I. Lenin Hospital, which after the pregnancy and delivery presented a volume increase in malar and left area is presented in this paper, biopsy is performed whose results showed a recurrence. Remodeling surgery was performed of anterior wall of the maxillary sinus through a Weber-Ferguson incision with good cosmetic and functional results.

  4. Fibrous proteins: new structural and functional aspects revealed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parry, David A D; Squire, John M

    2005-01-01

    Coiled-coil proteins, collagen, and elastomers together comprise an important subset of the fibrous proteins. The former group-the alpha-fibrous coiled-coil proteins-are widely distributed in nature and, indeed, the characteristic heptad motif has been recognized as an oligomerisation motif in fibril-forming collagens. This volume has selected a number of the alpha-fibrous proteins for detailed discussion, including intermediate filament proteins, the spectrin superfamily, and fibrin?fibrinogen. Of particular interest is the growing realization that the design principles governing the structures of these coiled-coil proteins are now largely discernible and can be specified with a high degree of confidence, due in large part to the wealth of crystal structure data now available. Within the connective tissues covered in this volume, two constituents of defining importance mechanically are the collagen fibrils?networks and the elastic fibers. Crystal structures of collagen peptides have been published and are described. The effects of the precise sequence of the distinct constituent triplets on molecular conformation have also become clearer. The ultrastructures of connective tissues are largely defined by the spatial arrangement of the collagen fibrils and networks, and this is elucidated here in some detail. The elastic fibers with their elastin cores and fibrillin-containing microfibril palisades are also described. A theme underlying all of the proteins discussed in this volume is the significantly increased effort to characterize the structures and functions of mutants. Some of these occur naturally and lead to various disease states, while others have been genetically engineered in order to study design principles. PMID:15837511

  5. Design of sintered, tough, oxide laminate and fibrous monolithic composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Dong-Kyu

    Tough, oxide, laminated and fibrous monolithic composites were fabricated by using tape casting and co-extrusion technique, respectively. Mullite (3Al 2O3·2SiO2), alumina (Al2O 3), 50 vol% alumina · 50 vol% YAG (yttrium aluminum garnet, Y 3Al5O12) in situ composite, 50 vol% alumina · 50 vol% mullite in situ composite, zirconia (ZrO 2), and nickel aluminate (NiAl2O4) were used as matrix materials. Aluminum phosphate (AlPO4), alumina platelets, and 50 vol% alumina · 50 vol% leucite (KAlSi2O6) were chosen as high temperature applicable interphase materials. ICP (Inductively coupled plasma) data indicated no extensive decomposition of AlPO4 heat treated at 1600 and 1800°C. The AlPO4 worked as a stable, porous, weak, crack deflecting interphase material with three point bending strength of 1.5 MPa and 61% of theoretical density after heat treatment at 1600°C for 10h. The 50 vol% alumina · 50 vol% YAG in situ composite had a bending strength of 361 MPa after sintering at the condition of 1700°C/5h. A : B (C) : D (E) bimodal designs were proposed to increase the toughness of the laminated composites. 1 : 5 (6) : 12 (1) bimodal laminated composite had a bending strength and a work of fracture of 142 MPa and 0.51 KJ/m2, respectively. Fibrous monolithic composites with different interphase thickness and interphase composition were fabricated. 2-, 3- and mixed-layer fibrous monolithic composites were made.

  6. Solitary fibrous tumor of the post-styloid parapharyngeal space

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a well-known tumor composed of spindle cells found most commonly in the pleura. Recently, accounts of their rare occurrence at other sites, including the head and neck area, have been reported. The parapharyngeal space is a rare location even for head and neck SFTs, and thus, could be confused with a variety of other tumors that can originate in this area. Here, we report a case of SFT originating from the post-styloid parapharyngeal space and discuss the possible differential diagnosis on radiographic findings

  7. Solitary fibrous tumor of the post-styloid parapharyngeal space.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ji Eun; Hong, Hyun Sook; Chang, Kee-Hyun; Kim, Hee Kyung; Park, Jisang

    2014-07-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a well-known tumor composed of spindle cells found most commonly in the pleura. Recently, accounts of their rare occurrence at other sites, including the head and neck area, have been reported. The parapharyngeal space is a rare location even for head and neck SFTs, and thus, could be confused with a variety of other tumors that can originate in this area. Here, we report a case of SFT originating from the post-styloid parapharyngeal space and discuss the possible differential diagnosis on radiographic findings. PMID:25298872

  8. Endoscopic marsupialization of frontoethmoid mucocele with underlying craniofacial fibrous dysplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wie, Chan-Eun; Hong, Sung-Lyong; Mun, Sue-Jean; Cho, Kyu-Sup

    2015-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a benign progressive fibro-osseous lesion that is rarely associated with mucocele formation. This complication most probably results from the involvement and subsequent occlusion of the recesses of the sinuses by the dysplastic process. The frontoethmoid mucocele associated with FD represents a rare pathology, but it is important to consider this in the differential diagnosis of patients with proptosis, visual disturbance, and bony fronto-orbital swellings. Here, we describe the first case of frontoethmoid mucocele with underlying craniofacial FD, which was successfully treated by wide marsupialization via the transnasal endoscopic approach. PMID:25569425

  9. Craniofacial surgery and optic canal decompression in adult fibrous dysplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahapatra A

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A 29-year-old female had a 3-year history of bony swelling over the right frontal area. For 3 months she noticed proptosis of her right eye. Investigations revealed fibrous dysplasia involving the right half of the frontal bone and the right greater and lesser wings of the sphenoid bone. Visual evoked potentials (VEP showed delayed latencies on the involved side. A craniofacial surgery with optic canal decompression was performed. Follow-up after 2 years revealed normalization of VEP.

  10. BMP-2-loaded silica nanotube fibrous meshes for bone generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Song; Shi, Xuetao; Morita, Hiromi; Li, Jie; Ogawa, Nobuhiro; Ikoma, Toshiyuki; Hayakawa, Satoshi; Shirosaki, Yuki; Osaka, Akiyoshi; Hanagata, Nobutaka

    2011-12-01

    Silica nanotube fibrous meshes were fabricated as multiple functional matrices for both delivering bone morphological protein-2 (BMP-2) and supporting osteoblast attachment and proliferation. The meshes were fabricated via a collagen-templated sol-gel route and consisted of tubular silica with open ends. BMP-2 was loaded to the meshes by soaking in BMP-2 solution. The meshes effectively enabled the attachment and proliferation of osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cells and delivered bioactive BMP-2 to stimulate cell differentiation. These results demonstrate the potential use of the meshes in bone generation applications.

  11. BMP-2-loaded silica nanotube fibrous meshes for bone generation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silica nanotube fibrous meshes were fabricated as multiple functional matrices for both delivering bone morphological protein-2 (BMP-2) and supporting osteoblast attachment and proliferation. The meshes were fabricated via a collagen-templated sol–gel route and consisted of tubular silica with open ends. BMP-2 was loaded to the meshes by soaking in BMP-2 solution. The meshes effectively enabled the attachment and proliferation of osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cells and delivered bioactive BMP-2 to stimulate cell differentiation. These results demonstrate the potential use of the meshes in bone generation applications.

  12. Actinides sorption on chitin sorbents with fibrous structure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sorption of U, Pu, Am, Cm on chitin sorbents of mycous origin with fibrous structure is investigated. Effect of solutions pH, acids (HNO3, HCl, H3PO4, HAc) nature and concentration is studied, sorption kinetics and exchange capacity of sorbents are estimated. Sorbents are high-effective with respect to U(6), Pu(4), Am(3) and Cm(3) in wide range of pH(3-8) and acid concentrations (104-102 mol/l), where Kd = 103-105 ml/g. Effect of inorganic acid nature on Kd values is unessential

  13. 46 CFR 160.035-8 - Construction of fibrous glass reinforced plastic (F.R.P.), oar-, hand-, and motor-propelled...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...false Construction of fibrous glass reinforced plastic (F.R...035-8 Construction of fibrous glass reinforced plastic (F.R...construction and arrangement of steel lifeboats, except that...this subpart. (2) Fibrous glass reinforced plastic...

  14. Temozolomide in malignant glioma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregor Dresemann

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Gregor DresemannCenter for Neurooncology at Aerztehaus Velen, Velen, GermanyAbstract: Glioblastoma multiforme WHO grade IV (GBM is the most aggressive ­malignant glioma and the most frequent primary tumor of the central nervous system. The median ­survival of newly diagnosed GBM patients was between 9 to 12 months prior to treatment with ­temozolomide being introduced. Primary resection that is as complete as possible is recommended for malignant glioma. Conventional fractionated irradiation 55 to 60 gy with concomitant temozolomide followed by standard temozolomide 6 cycles (5/28 (EORTC/NCIC-regime published by R Stupp in 2005 is the standard of care for newly diagnosed GBM after surgery, independent of the methylation status of the MGM-T gene promoter. Age is no ­contraindication for treatment with temozolomide, although comorbidity and performance status have to be ­considered. For temozolomide naive GBM and astrocytoma grade III patients with disease progression, temozolomide is still the treatment of choice outside of clinical studies. A ­general consensus regarding the schedule of choice has not yet been achieved; so far the 5 out of 28 days regimen (5/28 is the standard of care in most countries. Patients with disease progression after standard temozolomide (5/28 are candidates for clinical studies. Outside of clinical ­studies, dose-dense (7/7, prolonged (21/28, or metronomic (28/28 temozolomide, or alternatively a nitrosourea-based regimen can be an option. The excellent toxicity profile of ­temozolomide allows for various combinations with antitumor agents. None of these ­combinations, however, have been demonstrated to be statistically significantly superior compared to temozolomide alone. The role of lower dosed, dose-dense, or continuous regimen with or without drug combination and the role of temozolomide for newly diagnosed astrocytoma grade III and low grade glioma still has to be determined.Keywords: glioblastoma multiforme, astrocytoma WHO grade III, malignant glioma, temozolomide

  15. Heat Transfer Modeling for Rigid High-Temperature Fibrous Insulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daryabeigi, Kamran; Cunnington, George R.; Knutson, Jeffrey R.

    2012-01-01

    Combined radiation and conduction heat transfer through a high-temperature, high-porosity, rigid multiple-fiber fibrous insulation was modeled using a thermal model previously used to model heat transfer in flexible single-fiber fibrous insulation. The rigid insulation studied was alumina enhanced thermal barrier (AETB) at densities between 130 and 260 kilograms per cubic meter. The model consists of using the diffusion approximation for radiation heat transfer, a semi-empirical solid conduction model, and a standard gas conduction model. The relevant parameters needed for the heat transfer model were estimated from steady-state thermal measurements in nitrogen gas at various temperatures and environmental pressures. The heat transfer modeling methodology was evaluated by comparison with standard thermal conductivity measurements, and steady-state thermal measurements in helium and carbon dioxide gases. The heat transfer model is applicable over the temperature range of 300 to 1360 K, pressure range of 0.133 to 101.3 x 10(exp 3) Pa, and over the insulation density range of 130 to 260 kilograms per cubic meter in various gaseous environments.

  16. Fibrous Fillers to Manufacture Ultra High Ash/Performance Paper

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dr. VIjay K. Mathur

    2009-04-30

    The paper industry is one of the largest users of energy and emitters of CO2 in the US manufacturing industry. In addition to that, it is facing tremendous financial pressure due to lower cost imports. The fine paper industry has shrunk from 15 million tons per year production to 10 million tons per year in the last 5 years. This has resulted in mill closures and job loses. The AF&PA and the DOE formed a program called Agenda 2020 to help in funding to develop breakthrough technologies to provide help in meeting these challenges. The objectives of this project were to optimize and scale-up Fibrous Fillers technology, ready for commercial deployment and to develop ultra high ash/high performance paper using Fibrous Fillers. The goal was to reduce energy consumption, carbon footprint, and cost of manufacturing paper and related industries. GRI International (GRI) has been able to demonstrate the techno - economic feasibility and economic advantages of using its various products in both handsheets as well as in commercial paper mills. GRI has also been able to develop sophisticated models that demonstrate the effect of combinations of GRI's fillers at multiple filler levels. GRI has also been able to develop, optimize, and successfully scale-up new products for use in commercial paper mills.

  17. RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR FIBROUS AMPHIBOLE IN VERMICULITE ATTIC INSULATION

    Science.gov (United States)

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has developed a test method for the analysis of fibrous amphibole in vermiculite attic insulation. This method was developed to provide the Agency with monitoring tools to study the occurrence and potential for exposure to fibrous amphibo...

  18. Evaluation of different measurements for effective thermal conductivity of fibrous materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tian Ming-Wei

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Effective thermal conductivity is generally recognized as the intrinsic factor to reveal the thermal responses of fibrous materials. Here, two typical measurements, the step-wise transient method and the guarded hot plate method, were utilized to identify their feasibility for the effective thermal conductivity of fibrous materials (non-woven fabric and twill fabric with different stacking layers.

  19. Fibrous dysplasia associated with intramuscular myxoma(mazabraud's syndrome) : a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chun, Kyung Ah; Kim, Ki Tae; Kim, Young Joo; Maeng, Lee So; Lee, Eun Jung [The Catholic Univ. of Korea, College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-05-01

    Mazabraud's syndrome, the etiology of which is unknown, is a rare benign disease, characterized by the association of intramuscular myxoma and fibrous dysplasia of bone, usually polyostotic. We describe a case of Mazabraud's syndrome in which with two intramuscular myxomas of the forearm were associated with polyostotic fibrous dysplasia.

  20. Malignancy in pigmented villonodular synovitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malignant pigmented villonodular synovitis is an extremely rare and controversial disease. We describe malignant change in pigmented villonodular synovitis of the ankle in a patient with an unusually long clinical history. Symptoms began at age 21, metastatic disease developed at age 85, and the patient died 1 year later. The histologic appearance of the malignant tumor differed from that in most reported cases, in that spindle-shaped cells predominated. Lymph node metastasis also developed, a feature uncommon to soft tissue sarcomas. (orig.)

  1. STAT6 immunohistochemistry is helpful in the diagnosis of solitary fibrous tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, Akihiko; Tsuta, Koji; Ohno, Makoto; Yoshida, Masayuki; Narita, Yoshitaka; Kawai, Akira; Asamura, Hisao; Kushima, Ryoji

    2014-04-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon fibroblastic neoplasm. Although histologic characteristics and frequent CD34 expression allow for an accurate diagnosis in the majority of SFT cases, a wide histologic spectrum and an occasional unexpected immunophenotype may pose diagnostic challenges. Molecular analyses have discovered that almost all SFTs harbor an NAB2-STAT6 fusion gene, which is considered specific to this tumor type. Recent studies have suggested that STAT6 immunohistochemistry is a reliable surrogate for detection of the fusion gene. Our aim was to validate these findings by examining a large number of SFT cases and a broad array of 30 different types of non-SFT tumors. A total of 49 SFTs with a range of histologic characteristics and 159 benign or malignant tumors that can mimic SFTs were retrieved and stained for STAT6. All 49 SFTs (100%) showed STAT6 expression that was restricted in the nucleus, mostly in a diffuse and strong manner, irrespective of the tumor sites and histologic patterns. The staining was uniform in most cases but was heterogenous in about 20% of the cases in which zonal staining attenuation was observed, likely reflecting variability in fixation or tissue ischemia. In contrast, only 4 non-SFT tumors (2.5%) exhibited weak nuclear STAT6 expression, whereas the remaining 155 cases showed no staining or often weak reactivity in both the cytoplasm and the nucleus. Therefore, nuclear STAT6 immunoreactivity is a highly sensitive and specific marker of SFTs and can be helpful when diagnosis is inconclusive by conventional methods. PMID:24625420

  2. Pseudotumor fibroso calcificado del cordón espermático / Calcified fibrous pseudotumor of spermatic cord

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Tomás Lázaro, Rodríguez Collar; Basily, Valdés Estévez; Miguel Ángel, Nagua Valencia; Mercedes Rita, Salinas Olivares.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Los tumores paratesticulares son infrecuentes y la mayoría benignos. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 24 años de edad, con antecedentes de buena salud que asistió a la consulta por notarse en el escroto derecho un tumor de aproximadamente 4 cm de diámetro, de consistencia dura e indoloro, de un [...] os 6 meses de evolución. El ultrasonido escrotal reveló una lesión heterogénea y bien circunscrita, independiente del epidídimo y del testículo. La biopsia aspirativa con aguja fina fue infructuosa por la dureza del tumor. Se realizó una inguinotomía y la exéresis total del tumor con biopsia por congelación, negativa de malignidad. El informe histopatológico definitivo fue: pseudotumor fibroso calcificado del cordón espermático. La evolución del paciente ha sido satisfactoria. Se confirma la importancia de la inguinotomía para el abordaje de los tumores paratesticulares, más aún cuando la biopsia aspirativa con aguja fina no es concluyente para el diagnóstico. Abstract in english Paratesticular tumors are infrequent and most are benigns. This a case presentation of a patient aged 24 with a history of good health coming to our consultation by presence of a hard and painless 4 cm tumor in right scrotum with a 6 months course. Scrotal ultrasound (US) showed a well circumscribed [...] heterogeneous lesion separate of epididymis and the testis. Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) was not possible by hardness of tumor. A inguinal surgery was performed and the total tumor exeresis using freezing biopsy negative of malignancy. Final histopathological report was: calcified fibrous pseudotumor of spermatic cord. Patient's course has been satisfactory. Significance of inguinal surgery was confirmed for the paratesticular tumor approach, even more when FNAB it is not conclusive for diagnosis.

  3. Malignant glaucoma / Glaucoma maligno

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sebastião, Cronemberger; Nassim, Calixto; Alberto, Diniz Filho.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo de revisão é discutir o conhecimento atual sobre a fisiopatologia e as abordagens diagnóstica, terapêutica e profilática do glaucoma maligno. Este tipo de glaucoma pode ocorrer após diferentes procedimentos cirúrgicos. Pode ocorrer em olhos áfacos, fácicos e pseudofácicos e s [...] e desenvolver espontaneamente em olhos não-operados, ou associado ao uso de mióticos. Atualmente, a biomicroscopia ultrassônica tem revelado muitos achados úteis e importantes para o diagnóstico e o tratamento do glaucoma maligno. Ele ocorre com maior frequência em olhos pequenos nos quais as medidas pré-operatórias da profundidade da câmara anterior e do comprimento axial são extremamente importantes para a sua profilaxia e diagnóstico. Abstract in english The aim of this review is to discuss current knowledge about pathophysiology and clinical, therapeutic and prophylactic approaches for malignant glaucoma. This type of glaucoma can occur after different surgical procedures. It can also occur in aphakic, phakic and pseudophakic eyes and develop spont [...] aneously in individuals with no ocular surgical history, or associated with topical miotics. Currently, the ultrasound biomicroscopy has provided many interesting and useful findings for diagnosis and monitoring the treatment of malignant glaucoma. It occurs more often in short eyes in which pre operative measurements of the anterior chamber depth and axial length are extremely important for its prophylaxis and diagnosis.

  4. [Malignant keratoma: Harlequin fetus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larguèche, K; Lâarif, Z; Ajroud, C; Oueslati, H

    2009-01-01

    Harlequin fetus, with an incidence of about 1 in 300.000 births, is an extremely severe form of congenital ichtyosis. We report a case of malignant keratoma: a male infant was born at 40 weeks' gestational age. The parents were first cousins. This infant was covered with massive thick, waxy, plate-like scales and deep fissures. There was striking facial distortion including severe eclabium and ectropion. The baby was transferred to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit but he died at 2 days of age. There is limited information regarding the course and prognosis of neonates affected with Harlequin ichthyosis because most affected patients die within the first days or weeks of life. However, it is now evident that these infants, may have extended survival potential with intensive supportive measures as well as the addition of retinoids. Prenatal diagnosis for malignant keratoma had been performed by fetal skin biopsy and electron microscopic observation at 19-23 weeks estimated gestational age. In 2005, ABCA12 was identified as the causative gene for this disease. It has now become possible to make DNA-based prenatal diagnosis for Harlequin ichthyosis by chorionic villus or amniotic fluid sampling procedures in the earlier stages of pregnancy with a lower risk to fetal health and with a reduced burden on the mothers. PMID:19353943

  5. Seven inflammatory pseudotumors in a girl and six boys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is a retrospective study of a girl and six boys aged 5-15.5 years (mean, 10.7 years) with benign inflammatory pseudotumors involving the lung, stomach, abdomen, mesentery, retroperitoneum, and testis. All but one of the tumors were resected. Recurrence in one case prompted secondary resection. One child died of secondary aortic bleeding; the others are fine. The tumors are characterized by proliferative fibrovascular tissue and inflammatory cells. Histiocytes, plasma cells, or sclerotic elements may predominate. Tumor etiology is unknown. Differentiation from malignant fibrous histiocytoma may be difficult pathologically, and differentiation from a malignant tumor (e.g., lymphoma, neuroblastoma) or an abscess may be difficult radiologically

  6. Primary mesenchymal liver tumors: radiological spectrum, differential diagnosis, and pathologic correlation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harman, Mustafa; Nart, Deniz; Acar, Türker; Elmas, Nevra

    2014-10-14

    With the exception of hemangioma, benign or malignant primary mesenchymal tumors of the liver are seldom encountered. The aim of this review was to discuss the clinical, histopathological, and imaging features of liver hemangiomas (cavernous, capillary, and sclerosed types), liver lipoma, angiomyolipoma, mesenchymal hamartoma, neurofibroma, infantile hemangioendothelioma, epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, myofibroblastoma, angiosarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma, and nested stromal tumor. In most of these rare liver tumors, radiological findings obtained by cross-sectional imaging may reflect the characteristic pathologic features required for differential diagnosis; however, definitive diagnosis should be confirmed using histopathological examination. PMID:25311993

  7. Diffuse Increased FDG Uptake in the Bone Marrow due to Leukemoid Reaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celal Tekinba?

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available PET-CT scan showed diffuse increased FDG uptake in the bone marrow in patient with  pulmonary malignant fibrous histiocytoma who was referred to our clinic for preoperative staging. Recent chemotheraphy treatment, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor using was not there on patients medical history. Total leukocyte count was 51800/?L, with 92.1 % neutrophils, 0.7 % eosinophils, 4.3 %  lymphocytes, and 2.8 % monocytes. Bone marrow biopsy was revealed a hypercellular marrow with no evidence of malignancy. It was diagnosed that diffuse bone marrow FDG uptake in our patient was due to leukemoid reaction.

  8. Pediatric soft tissue sarcomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein-Wexler, Rebecca

    2011-10-01

    After a brief discussion of the rarity of soft tissue sarcomas in children and of the limited ability of magnetic resonance imaging to provide a tissue diagnosis, this article discusses the incidence, presentation, treatment, prognosis, and imaging characteristics of the more common and unusual pediatric soft tissue sarcomas. It begins with extensive discussion of rhabdomyosarcoma, synovial sarcoma, and congenital/infantile fibrosarcoma. It then presents a more abbreviated discussion of uncommon tumors such as alveolar soft part sarcoma, epithelioid sarcoma, extraosseous Ewing's sarcoma, granulocytic sarcoma, hemangiopericytoma, liposarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor, and undifferentiated sarcoma. PMID:21963167

  9. Malignant priapism: a case report.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ellanti, P

    2011-12-01

    Metastatic involvement of the penis is most commonly from a primary malignant genitourinary tumour. It is a rare phenomenon usually reflecting disseminated malignancy associated with a poor prognosis. Metastasis to the penis mimicking priapism is extremely rare, particularly in the absence of disseminated disease.

  10. General Information about Malignant Mesothelioma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... clinical trial of a new treatment. If malignant mesothelioma is in the peritoneal lining, treatment may be the following: Surgery to remove the part of the peritoneal lining with cancer and the tissue around ... malignant mesothelioma . For more specific results, refine the search by ...

  11. Tuberose sclerosis with malignant astrocytoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, J M

    1975-06-28

    A case is described of a recurrent malignant gemistocytic astrocytoma in which a diagnosis of tuberose sclerosis was made at post-mortem examination, when "rhabdomyomata" were found in the cardiac muscle and tubers in the cerebral hemispheres. Malignant degeneration of a cerebral lesion has not been described in association with tuberose sclerosis. PMID:1152773

  12. Lung scans and malignancy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An experience of pulmonary isotope scanning carried out with mercury 197 labelled mercury chloride and acetate, cobalt 57-labelled bleomycin, and Cu67 and Cu64 labelled copper citrate was presented. The scans were carried out with various isotopes supplied by the French Atomic Energy Authority, and gave comparable results, which may be summarised as follows: increased uptake in more than 90% of cases of carcinoma, absent uptake in all cases of benign tumour, frequent increased uptake in acute or advanced inflammatory lesions, absence of uptake, very commonly, in tuberculoma and chronic lesions with scar formation. Radio-isotope scan using Cu67 labelled copper citrate permitted discrimination of malignant tumours (increased fixation which showed up best at the 24th hour) from inflammatory lesions (increased fixation which was reduced on the 24th hour). The positive or negative character of the fixation in a given lesions remains the same, whatever the isotope used in our experience

  13. [Malignant vasovagal syncope].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halmai, László; Avramov, Katalin; Rudas, László

    2003-06-22

    The diagnosis of epilepsy is complicated by various conditions that can mimic an epileptic seizure. Many patients with abnormal seizure activity during loss of consciousness may have cardiovascular syncope with global cerebral hypoxia (convulsive syncope), which may be difficult to differentiate from epilepsy on clinical grounds. The differentiation is, however, important because they need quite different treatment modalities. In addition, long-term anticonvulsant therapy is expensive and can cause serious morbidity. The authors present a case of a patient thought to have treatment-resistant epilepsy for years with recurrent seizure-attacks, who were subsequently found to have a malignant vasovagal reaction of 24s-asystole as a cause for the so called convulsive syncope. A simple, non-invasive evaluation of circulatory responses to acute orthostasis, the head-up tilt table test, can identify cardiovascular reflex abnormalities in patients with recurrent idiopathic seizure-like episodes. The authors could also reproduce the symptoms of the spontaneous attacks in their patient by this way, to confirm an alternative diagnosis of malignant vasovagal reaction and convulsive syncope in this patient with "refractory epilepsy". This rare cardioinhibition can be safely treated by dual-chamber pacemaker implantation, alleviating for the convulsive attacks, this therapeutic option was advised to this patient as well. Orthostatic stress tests should be considered early in the diagnostic workup of patients with convulsive blackouts. Cardiac causes of loss of consciousness should be considered in patients with presumed epilepsy, atypical premonitory symptoms, non-diagnostic electroencephalograms and failure to respond to anticonvulsant therapy. PMID:12901179

  14. Helminths and malignancy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vennervald, Birgitte J; Polman, K.

    2009-01-01

    It has been estimated that chronic infections with viruses, bacteria and parasites contribute to 17.8% of the global burden of cancer, although only a relatively small proportion of the infection-related cancers can be attributed to helminth infections. These are important because of the high number of people who are exposed or infected worldwide. Carcinogenesis associated with helminth infections is a complex process, which may involve several different mechanisms, but chronic inflammation is a key feature. Host immune responses and immunopathological processes mediate inflammatory responses and any failure in the control of the immunological components involved in this response can lead to chronic inflammation. This may generate a microenvironment that might be conducive to the initiation and development of cancer. Inflammatory cells generate free radicals and nitrogen species, which can oxidize and damage DNA and lead to genetic instabilities and malignant transformation. Physical damage caused by the parasites, their eggs or secreted products leads to restorative hyperplasia of the damaged tissue. This may promote the propagation of cells, in which genotoxic damage and pre-malignant change has taken place. Three helminth infections have been classified as definitely carcinogenic to humans (group 1 carcinogens), namely Schistosoma haematobium, which is associated with cancer of the urinary bladder and the food-borne liver flukes Clonorchis sinensis and Opisthorchis viverrini associated with cholangiocarcinoma of the liver. Reducing the level of infection and the risk of getting (re)infected will reduce the risk of cancer development later in life. Helminth infections are thus a preventable cause of cancer, emphasizing the need for sustainable helminth control in endemic areas coupled with health education, especially in relation to food-borne liver fluke infections.

  15. Malignant hyperthermia in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igrutinovi? Zoran

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION Malignant hyperthermia is a rare disease which is mainly an inherited autosomal dominant trait. It is characteristic for muscle rigidity, metabolism or respiratory acidosis, high values of serum creatine kinase. Then appears myoglobinuria which can lead to tubular necrosis and acute renal failure. CASE OUTLINE The male child, ten years old, hospitalized because of the high temperature, exhaustion and cough. On the second day of hospitalization, he has hyperthermia (39.8°C, dyspnoea, tachypnoea, was somnolent, occasionally raving, exhausted with the pains in the muscles which were rigid and painfully sensitive. During the night, the urine was dark red, but the diuresis was well. The next day, laboratory analyses showed high values of aspartate aminotransferase (4263 IU/l, alanine aminotransferase (1311 IU/l, lactate dehydrogenase (11787 IU/l, while the values of serum creatine kinase were so high that they could not be registered. The urine analysis showed the negative result on gall colours and haematuria and positive on myoglobin. During the following days, the patient had normal skin temperature, the pains in the muscles were gradually weakened and the urine cleared up. On the third day, the value of creatine kinase was measured and it was 178700 IU/l. During the next two weeks, the clinical finding was gradually normalized while the laboratory values of serum enzyme were gradually normalized only in twenty days. CONCLUSION Malignant hyperthermia is a serious clinical syndrome which can be found with, until then, a clinically healthy child (without chronic myopathy and it appears with the high temperature or during the surgical interventions with anesthetics, which is especially dangerous.

  16. A theoretical analysis of local thermal equilibrium in fibrous materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tian Mingwei

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The internal heat exchange between each phase and the Local Thermal Equilibrium (LTE scenarios in multi-phase fibrous materials are considered in this paper. Based on the two-phase heat transfer model, a criterion is proposed to evaluate the LTE condition, using derived characteristic parameters. Furthermore, the LTE situations in isothermal/adiabatic boundary cases with two different heat sources (constant heat flux and constant temperature are assessed as special transient cases to test the proposed criterion system, and the influence of such different cases on their LTE status are elucidated. In addition, it is demonstrated that even the convective boundary problems can be generally estimated using this approach. Finally, effects on LTE of the material properties (thermal conductivity, volumetric heat capacity of each phase, sample porosity and pore hydraulic radius are investigated, illustrated and discussed in our study.

  17. Giant Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Parotid Gland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chis, Octavian

    2014-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare tumors that are mostly found arising from the pleura. SFT of the parotid gland is a rare tumor; only a few cases have been described in the literature. SFTs are benign in most cases. Clinically, SFTs usually manifest as well circumscribed, slow-growing, smooth, and painless masses. CT-Scan and MRI are the most sensitive imaging procedures used. The treatment of choice is complete surgical excision of the lesion. Since recurrence and metastasis can take place after several years, a lifelong clinical and imaging regular follow-up is compulsory. In this paper, we describe the diagnostic and therapeutic challenges of the up-to-now biggest parotid SFT. The clinical presentation, surgical management, and pathological and immunohistochemistry findings are described. PMID:25114687

  18. Alumina composites for oxide/oxide fibrous monoliths

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Most work on ceramic fibrous monoliths (FMs) has focused on the Si3N4/BN system. In an effort to develop oxidation-resistant FMs, several oxide systems have recently been examined. Zirconia-toughened alumina and alumina/mullite appear to be good candidates for the cell phase of FMs. These composites offer higher strength and toughness than pure alumina and good high-temperature stability. By combining these oxides, possibly with a weaker high-temperature oxide as the cell-boundary phase, it should be possible to product a strong, resilient FM that exhibits graceful failure. Several material combinations have been examined. Results on FM fabrication and microstructural development are presented

  19. Hyperostotic esthesioneuroblasma: Rare variant and fibrous dysplasia mimicker

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 65-year-old male presented with a 3-year history of orbital symptoms. An imaging-based diagnosis of fibrous dysplasia involving the skull base was made at another institution. CT showed a diffuse sinonasal mass and ground-glass appearance of the bones of the anterior skull base with bony defects and mucocele formation. MRI demonstrated an accompanying intracranial and orbital rind of soft tissue mass along the hyperostotic bones. FDG-PET showed corresponding intense hypermetabolism. Small cysts were observed at the tumor-brain interface. Biopsy revealed esthesioneuroblastoma with bone infiltration that is compatible with the hyperostotic variant of esthesioneuroblastoma. There are a few cases of hyperostotic esthesioneuroblastoma reported in the literature.

  20. Effect of microaerobic fermentation in preprocessing fibrous lignocellulosic materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alattar, Manar Arica; Green, Terrence R; Henry, Jordan; Gulca, Vitalie; Tizazu, Mikias; Bergstrom, Robby; Popa, Radu

    2012-06-01

    Amending soil with organic matter is common in agricultural and logging practices. Such amendments have benefits to soil fertility and crop yields. These benefits may be increased if material is preprocessed before introduction into soil. We analyzed the efficiency of microaerobic fermentation (MF), also referred to as Bokashi, in preprocessing fibrous lignocellulosic (FLC) organic materials using varying produce amendments and leachate treatments. Adding produce amendments increased leachate production and fermentation rates and decreased the biological oxygen demand of the leachate. Continuously draining leachate without returning it to the fermentors led to acidification and decreased concentrations of polysaccharides (PS) in leachates. PS fragmentation and the production of soluble metabolites and gases stabilized in fermentors in about 2-4 weeks. About 2 % of the carbon content was lost as CO(2). PS degradation rates, upon introduction of processed materials into soil, were similar to unfermented FLC. Our results indicate that MF is insufficient for adequate preprocessing of FLC material. PMID:22639359

  1. On the thermal conductivity of ceramic fibrous and rigid insulations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This chapter reports on an extensive experimental program performed to study the influence of pressure, temperature and coolant media on the thermal conductivities of fibrous and rigid materials. Explains that small specimens were installed between electrically heated plates, and the stationary method of Poensen was applied. Full-size systems were tested in a high pressure wind tunnel in a horizontal position at different pressures, temperatures, media, and axial pressure gradients. Determines the requirements for insulating systems of hot gas ducts. Shows the influence of heat radiation in the case of Kaowool. Finds that owing to the value of the conductivity of the gas, the results are much higher in helium than in air. Indicates that the investigations on dense rigid samples showed a small, or nearly negligible, influence of pressure and medium due to the high conductivity of the material

  2. Hyperostotic esthesioneuroblasma: Rare variant and fibrous dysplasia mimicker

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahmed, Manzoor [Neuroradiology Section, Imaging Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland (United States); Knott, Phillip Daniel [Director of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Associate Professor of Otolaryngology, UCSF School of Medicine, San Fransisco (United States)

    2014-02-15

    A 65-year-old male presented with a 3-year history of orbital symptoms. An imaging-based diagnosis of fibrous dysplasia involving the skull base was made at another institution. CT showed a diffuse sinonasal mass and ground-glass appearance of the bones of the anterior skull base with bony defects and mucocele formation. MRI demonstrated an accompanying intracranial and orbital rind of soft tissue mass along the hyperostotic bones. FDG-PET showed corresponding intense hypermetabolism. Small cysts were observed at the tumor-brain interface. Biopsy revealed esthesioneuroblastoma with bone infiltration that is compatible with the hyperostotic variant of esthesioneuroblastoma. There are a few cases of hyperostotic esthesioneuroblastoma reported in the literature.

  3. Hybridized boron-carbon nitride fibrous nanostructures on Ni substrates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stoichiometric BC2N films can be deposited on Si (100) at 800 deg. C, however, they are phase separated as pure carbon and BN phases. Likewise, hybridized boron-carbon nitride (BCN) films can be synthesized on Ni substrates. On Ni, the carbon and BN phases are hybridized through carbon nitride and boron carbide bonds. These films appeared as fibrous nanostructures. Evidence indicates that the Ni substrate acts as a sink for the carbon and forces the carbon composites to grow on top of the B and N atoms. However, as these films are grown thicker, phase separation occurs again. These results indicate that hybridized BCN phases should now be regarded as semiconducting or superhard nanostructures. High-temperature deposition on Ni substrates might be a solution to the obstacle of preparing hybridized BCN phases

  4. Determination of physical properties of fibrous thermal insulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeandel G.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to characterize both experimentally and theoretically, conductive and radiative heat transfer within polyester batting. This material is derived from recycled bottles (PET with fibres of constant diameters. Two other mineral and plant fibrous insulation materials, (glass wool and hemp wool are also characterized for comparative purposes. To determine the overall thermophysical properties of the tested materials, heat flux measurement are carried out using a device developed in house. The radiative properties of the material are determined by an inverse method based on measurements of transmittance and reflectance using a FTIR spectrometer and by solving the equation of radiative heat transfer. These measures are compared to results of numerical simulations.

  5. Fibrous synovial sarcoma of the foot - a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors report a case of a 24 year-old female patient with a three-month history of pain and enlargement of the left hallux. Ultrasound showed a heterogeneous, hypoechoic solid soft tissue mass with cystic areas and calcification in the dorsum of the left hallux. A tendinous structure was identified within the lesion but no evidence of involvement of adjacent osseous structures was found. Doppler ultrasound revealed central and peripheral hypervascularization of the lesion. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a solid soft tissue mass containing a tendinous structure. The lesion appeared as an intermediate signal intensity structure on T1 images, high signal intensity on T2 images, and showed marked enhancement after intravenous administration of gadolinium. No osseous lesions were identified. The patient was submitted to surgical resection of the lesion in the dorsum of the left hallux and the pathology results revealed a monophasic fibrous synovial sarcoma. (author)

  6. Performance of superplasticised fibrous concrete on RCPT test under thermoshock

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Elangovan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This experimental investigation is about the chloride ion penetration of concrete under effect of thermo shock on superplasticised fibrous concrete at 200 degree Celsius. As reported in previous studies concretes made with purely Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC showed evidence of a steady decline in residual strength when subjected to thermoshock under elevated temperatures. In the present study tests were conducted to minimize the reduction of residual strength under compression, minimize the chloride ion penetration of OPC concrete by using chemical admixtures like superplasticiser and with different individual fibers. This paper exposes the details of the test programme, results and also compares against the same with earlier reports. From this test results, it was found that the residual properties of concrete were not affected and data available here will be helpful in assessing the residual strength of concrete after thermoshock.

  7. Engineering the microstructure of electrospun fibrous scaffolds by microtopography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Qian; Lee, Benjamin L-P; Komvopoulos, Kyriakos; Li, Song

    2013-05-13

    Controlling the structure and organization of electrospun fibers is desirable for fabricating scaffolds and materials with defined microstructures. However, the effects of microtopography on the deposition and, in turn, the organization of the electrospun fibers are not well understood. In this study, conductive polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) templates with different micropatterns were fabricated by combining photolithography, silicon wet etching, and PDMS molding techniques. The fiber organization was varied by fine-tuning the microtopography of the electrospinning collector. Fiber conformity and alignment were influenced by the depth and the slope of microtopography features, resulting in scaffolds comprising either an array of microdomains with different porosity and fiber alignment or an array of microwells. Microtopography affected the fiber organization for hundreds of micrometers below the scaffold surface, resulting in scaffolds with distinct surface properties on each side. In addition, the fiber diameter was also affected by the fiber conformity. The effects of the fiber arrangement in the scaffolds on the morphology, migration, and infiltration of cells were examined by in vitro and in vivo experiments. Cell morphology and organization were guided by the fibers in the microdomains, and cell migration was enhanced by the aligned fibers and the three-dimensional scaffold structure. Cell infiltration was correlated with the microdomain porosity. Microscale control of the fiber organization and the porosity at the surface and through the thickness of the fibrous scaffolds, as demonstrated by the results of this study, provides a powerful means of engineering the three-dimensional structure of electrospun fibrous scaffolds for cell and tissue engineering. PMID:23534553

  8. Vulvar sarcomas: Short guideline for histopathological recognition and clinical management. Part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chokoeva, A A; Tchernev, G; Cardoso, J C; Patterson, J W; Dechev, I; Valkanov, S; Zanardelli, M; Lotti, T; Wollina, U

    2015-06-01

    Malignant tumors of the female reproductive system are a serious health and social problem, as they are the second most common cause of death among women, after breast cancer. Vulvar tumors represent only 4% of all gynecological neoplasms, and they are fourth in frequency after tumors of the cervix, uterus, and ovary. Ninety-eight percent of all vulvar tumors are benign and only 2% are malignant. Sarcomas of the vulva comprise approximately 1-3% of all vulvar cancers. They are characterized by rapid growth, high metastatic potential, frequent recurrences, aggressive behavior, and high mortality rate. In Part 1 of this paper, we presented the most common forms of sarcoma of the vulva: leiomyosarcoma, epithelioid sarcoma, malignant rhabdoid tumor, and rhabdomyosarcoma. The second part of this review will focus mainly on the rarest variants of vulvar sarcoma: low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma, synovial sarcoma, monophasic synovial sarcoma, carcinosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, myeloid sarcoma, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma, liposarcoma, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor, and malignant mesothelioma. PMID:25816393

  9. Radiographic Differential Diagnosis Between The Fibrous Dysplasia And The Ossifying Fibroma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author observed and compared the radiographic features of 49 cases of the fibrous dysplasia and 14 cases of the ossifying fibroma in the osteoblastic or mature stage radiologically and histopathologically. The obtained results were as follows: 1. Fibrous dysplasia occurred most frequently in the 2nd decade, but ossifying fibroma in the 3rd and 4th decades, and both lesions occurred with slight predilection in females. 2. In most cases, chief complaints were painless facial swelling. And 61.1% of fibrous dysplasia occurred in the maxilla, 92.9% of ossifying fibroma in the mandible, and most of these lesions occurred in the premolar-molar region. 3. In the mandibular lesions, ossifying fibroma was shown more oval and round shape, but fibrous dysplasia was shown fusiform shape. 4. Fibrous dysplasia was shown homogeneously distributed, complete radiopaque shadow at 63%, and ossifying fibroma was shown concentric, mixed appearance of radiolucent and radiopaque shadow at 92.9%. 5. Fibrous dysplasia was entirely shown poorly outlined and blended to normal surrounding bone, but ossifying fibroma was shown well-defined border. 6. Cortical thinning and expansion were observed in these lesions, but degree of cortical expansion was more severe in ossifying fibroma than fibrous dysplasia. 7. Loss of lamina dura, tooth displacement, and displacement of mandibular canal were observed in both lesions, but root resorption was observed in ossifying fibroma only.ssifying fibroma only.

  10. Bilateral fibrous dysplasia of the mandible in a 7-year-old male patient-A rare case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chandar V

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Fibrous dysplasia is a disturbance of bone metabolism that is classified as a benign fibro-osseous lesion. Fibrous connective tissue, containing abnormal bone, replaces normal bone. The etiology of fibrous dysplasia is unknown. The radiographic appearance of the irregularly shaped trabeculae aids in the differential diagnosis. Occurring most commonly in the second decade of life, the lesions of fibrous dysplasia can be surgically recontoured for esthetic or functional purposes once they become dormant. Here, we report a case of bilateral fibrous dysplasia in a 7 year old male patient and its diagnostic work-up.

  11. Solitary fibrous tumor with giant multinucleated cells in the retroperitoneum - A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amel Trabelsi

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Context: Solitary fibrous tumor is a distinct neoplasm, rarely recognized in extrathoracic sites. Case report: The article reports a new case in the retroperitoneum in a 55 year-old man, who presented with urinary symptoms. Tumor was completely excised, and the solitary fibrous tumor was diagnosed after pathologic examination and immunohistochemistry. The patient has remained free of disease for five years since surgery. Conclusion: An uncommon variant of retroperitoneal solitary fibrous tumor with giant multinucleated cells was documented in the study.

  12. Ultrasonographic Findings of Fibrous Pseudotumor Arising from the Tunica Vaginalis Testis: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doo, Kyung Won; Sung, Deuk Jae; Park, Beom Jin; Kim, Min Ju; Cho, Sung Bum; Kang, Seok Ho [Anam Hospital, Korea University, College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-09-15

    Fibrous pseudotumors are rare, benign fibroproliferative tumor-like lesions in the scrotum, and they most commonly arise from the tunica vaginalis testis (75%). There have been few reported cases of the fibrous pseudotumor of the tunica vaginalis testis with the radiologic findings, so we report on this rare case with focusing on the ultrasonographic findings. A 20-year-old man was admitted with a palpable mass in the right scrotum. On ultrasonography, multiple nodules were seen together with posterior shadowing along the inner surface of the scrotal wall. Fibrous pseudotumor arising from the tunica vaginalis testis was pathologically confirmed after surgical excision

  13. Ultrasonographic Findings of Fibrous Pseudotumor Arising from the Tunica Vaginalis Testis: A Case Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fibrous pseudotumors are rare, benign fibroproliferative tumor-like lesions in the scrotum, and they most commonly arise from the tunica vaginalis testis (75%). There have been few reported cases of the fibrous pseudotumor of the tunica vaginalis testis with the radiologic findings, so we report on this rare case with focusing on the ultrasonographic findings. A 20-year-old man was admitted with a palpable mass in the right scrotum. On ultrasonography, multiple nodules were seen together with posterior shadowing along the inner surface of the scrotal wall. Fibrous pseudotumor arising from the tunica vaginalis testis was pathologically confirmed after surgical excision

  14. Case report 557: Solitary intramuscular myxoma in a patient with polyostotic fibrous dysplacia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glass-Royal, M.C.; Nelson, M.C.; Albert, F.; Lack, E.E.; Bogumill, G.P. (Georgetown Univ., Washington, DC (USA). Medical Center)

    1989-08-01

    We report a case of solitary intramuscular myxoma in a patient with polyostotic fibrous dysplasia and pigmented macules. MR played an important role in the patient's pre-operative evaluation. It has been demonstrated in a review of the literature that a definite relationship exists between myxoma of soft tissues and fibrous dysplasia of the skeleton. Multiple myxomas in a patient with fibrous dysplasia are common and a relationship also exists between myxoma of the soft tissues and the McCune-Albright syndrome. (orig./GDG).

  15. RARE METASTASES OF MALIGNANT MELANOMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marija Trenki?-Božinovi?

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Melanomas are malignant neoplasms that originate from melanocytes. The most common are on the skin and mucous membranes. Choroidal melanomas are quite different from cutaneous melanomas with regard to presentation, metastases, and treatment. We report two cases of metastatic gastric malignant melanoma of the eye and skin, with reference to the literature. The first patient was a woman aged 23 years, who underwent gastrectomy 22 months after enucleation of the eye due to malignant choroid melanoma. The second patient was a man, 72 years old, who underwent surgery 28 months before because of malignant melanoma of the skin of the forehead. Paraffin sections, 4 ?m thick were stained using a classic method, as well as immunohistochemical DAKO APAAP method, using a specific S - 100 antibody and Melan A antibodies. The stomach is considered a rare place for the development of metastases. Metastases in the stomach are often limited to the submucosal as well as the serousmuscular layer, as noted in one of our patients. Metastatic melanoma of the gastrointestinal tract should be suspected in any patient with a history of malignant melanoma and new gastrointestinal symptoms. Because of the similarity between certain common histopathological types of malignant melanoma, primarily achromatic, and types of primary cancers of the stomach, the following immunohistochemical studies are needed: Melan A and S - 100 protein ( markers of malignant melanoma , as well as mucins: MUC5AC, MUC2 and CDX2 ( markers of different types of primary gastric carcinoma.

  16. Malignant melanoma of the vagina.

    OpenAIRE

    Ara, Rahat; Ohnmar, Saw

    2011-01-01

    Carcinoma of the vagina is uncommon and only constitutes two percent of malignant neoplasms of the female genital tract. Malignant melanoma of the vagina is rarer and accounts for only 3.2% of all vaginal cancers. It presumably arises from melanocytes found in the vagina of three percent of normal women. It is a very aggressive tumour and the overall prognosis is poor despite the treatment. We report the case of an 81-year-old woman who presented with per vagina bleeding secondary to a malign...

  17. Gallium-67 scanning of malignant lymphomas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The presence of a residual mass is a frequent and difficult problem in the treatment of Hodgkin's or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: since it is of major importance to determine whether the lesion is a fibrous mass or a still progressing tumour requiring additional therapy. Gallium-67 scanning, performed in a series of 52 patients, provides an answer to this question since there is an excellent correlation between gallium uptake by the tumoral masses and their progressiveness. Magnetic resonance imaging was carried out in half of our patients: the finding of a low-intensity signal on T2-weighted sequences proved that the residual mass was fibrous, whereas a high-intensity signal on T2-weighted sequences did not distinguish between fibrous and tumour masses. The priceless information provided by the simple and non invasive method that is gallium scanning is extremely useful to evaluate the extension of lymphomas and to determine whether residual masses are tumoral or fibrous

  18. FIBROUS MONOLITH WEAR RESISTANT COMPONENTS FOR THE MINING INDUSTRY

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mark J. Rigali

    2001-10-01

    Published mechanical and thermal properties data on a variety of materials was gathered, with focus on materials that have potential with respect to developing wear resistant and damage tolerant composite for mining industry applications. Preliminary core materials of interest include but are not limited to: Diamond, Tungsten Carbide and Cemented Tungsten Carbides, Carbides of Boron, Silicon, Titanium and Aluminum, Diboride of Titanium and Aluminum, Nitrides of Aluminum, Silicon, Titanium, and Boron, Aluminum Oxide, Tungsten, Titanium, Iron, Cobalt and Metal Alloys. Preliminary boundary materials of interest include but are not limited to: W metal, WC-Co, W-Co, WFeNi, and Mo metal and alloys. Several FM test coupons were fabricated with various compositions using the above listed materials. These coupons were consolidated to varying degrees by uniaxial hot pressing, then cut and ground to expose the FM cell structure. One promising system, WC-Co core and WFeNi boundary, was consolidated to 97% of theoretical density, and demonstrates excellent hardness. Data on standard mechanical tests was gathered, and tests will begin on the consolidated test coupons during the upcoming reporting period. The program statements of work for ACR Inc. and its subcontractors, as well as the final contract negotiations, were finalized during the current reporting period. The program start date was February 22nd, 2001. In addition to the current subcontractors, Kennametal Inc., a major manufacturer of cutting tools and wear resistant tooling for the mining industry, expressed considerable interest in ACR's Fibrous Monolith composites for both machine and mining applications. At the request of Kennametal, ARC Inc fabricated and delivered several Fibrous Monolith coupons and components for testing and evaluation in the mining and machine tool applications. Additional samples of Diamond/Tungsten Carbide-6%Cobalt Fibrous Monolith were fabricated and delivered for testing Kennametal's Rapid Omni-directional Consolidation (ROC) Process. A meeting was held with Kennametal Inc. September 27th, 2001. At this meeting, Kennametal expressed interest in working with ACR on three mining tool applications including roof bits, point attack tooling and drill bit inserts. In addition, there is considerable interest in developing FM composite machine cutting tools, which involves crosscutting technology. In addition to the discussions on business development, Kennametal reported on testing performed on ACR's FM composites the first quarter of this year. ACR Inc. also visited Tribocor Inc. of Houston TX to discuss the possibility of teaming to consolidate diamond/WC-Co composite coatings. Diamond-based composites require special high pressure consolidation equipment and Tribocor has expressed an interest in providing diamond powder preparation and consolidation services, to enable the mass-production of a low cost diamond-based FM composite products including drill bit inserts and point attack tools. Tribocor has agreed to perform consolidation of diamond/WC-Co FM coated inserts to verify their consolidation process and produce test pieces that we can press into mining drill bits for field testing.

  19. A Study of Intratumoral Fibrous Interstitium in the Growth and Proliferation Process in Rectal Carcinoid Tumors

    OpenAIRE

    Matsumura, Shuji

    1999-01-01

    The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between the fibrous interstitium found in the spaces between tumor nests and the growth and proliferation process in 33 rectal carcinoid lesions (26 resected endoscopically and 7 resected surgically).

  20. Different Structures of PVA Nano fibrous Membrane for Sound Absorption Application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The thin nano fibrous layer has different properties in the field of sound absorption in comparison with porous fibrous material which works on a principle of friction of air particles in contact with walls of pores. In case of the thin nano fibrous layer, which represents a sound absorber here, the energy of sonic waves is absorbed by the principle of membrane resonance. The structure of the membrane can play an important role in the process of converting the sonic energy to a different energy type. The vibration system acts differently depending on the presence of smooth fibers in the structure, amount of partly merged fibers, or structure of polymer foil as extreme. Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) was used as a polymer because of its good water solubility. It is possible to influence the structure of nano fibrous layer during the production process thanks to this property of polyvinyl alcohol.

  1. Malign katatoni, et neuropsykiatrisk syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moltke, Katinka; Lublin, Henrik

    2010-01-01

    This case report describes a 36-year-old schizophrenic man who developed malignant catatonia during a hospital stay. He was treated with benzodiazepines (BZD) and 26 sessions of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). After the therapy his condition normalised. Malignant catatonia is a rare condition that develops quickly and fulminantly and is fatal within a few days. ECT treatment is crucial, but despite aggressive treatment the prognosis remains poor. Udgivelsesdato: 2010-Apr-26

  2. Targeted radiotherapy for malignant gliomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Daniel S; Adamson, David C; Kirkpatrick, John P

    2012-12-01

    Malignant glioma remains a disease with poor prognosis despite recent advances in the multidisciplinary care of this disease. Herein we review the evolution of and recent advances in radiation therapy for malignant glioma that have allowed for more targeted therapy, potentially improving efficacy while decreasing normal tissue toxicity. Current and emerging techniques are presented, including stereotactic radiotherapy and radiosurgery, brachytherapy, radioimmunotherapy, and charged particle therapy, as well as the combination of these modalities with novel targeted biochemotherapies. PMID:22339072

  3. Cystic solitary fibrous tumor arising from the left occipital meninges: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oh, Bae Geun; Hwang, Yoon Joon; Cha, Soon Joo; Hur, Gham; Kim, Yong Hoon; Kim, Su Young; Seo, Jung Wook; Lee, Ji Young; Kim, Han Seung [Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University, School of Medicine, Goyang (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-02-15

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a benign mesenchymal neoplasm of a spindle-cell origin, and it usually involves the pleura. It's occurrence in various organs of the body has recently been described. Meningeal SFT is very rare. Radiologically, it is a strongly enhancing solid mass and is undistinguishable from fibrous meningioma and hemangiopericytoma. Yet we report here on a case of SFT with massive cystic degeneration that arose from the meninges of the left occipital region.

  4. Aortic Periannular Abscess Invading into the Central Fibrous Body, Mitral Valve, and Tricuspid Valve

    OpenAIRE

    Oh, Hyun Kong; Kim, Nan Yeol; Kang, Min-woong; Kang, Shin Kwang; Yu, Jae Hyeon; Lim, Seung Pyung; Choi, Jae Sung; Na, Myung Hoon

    2014-01-01

    A 61-year-old man was diagnosed with aortic stenoinsufficiency with periannular abscess, which involved the aortic root of noncoronary sinus (NCS) that invaded down to the central fibrous body, whole membranous septum, mitral valve (MV), and tricuspid valve (TV). The open complete debridement was executed from the aortic annulus at NCS down to the central fibrous body and annulus of the MV and the TV, followed by the left ventricular outflow tract reconstruction with implantation of a mechani...

  5. Biodegradable Fibrous Scaffolds with Diverse Properties by Electrospinning Candidates from a Combinatorial Macromer Library

    OpenAIRE

    Metter, Robert B.; Ifkovits, Jamie L.; Hou, Kevin; Vincent, Ludovic; Hsu, Benjamin; Wang, Louis; Mauck, Robert L.; Burdick, Jason A.

    2009-01-01

    The properties of electrospun fibrous scaffolds, including degradation, mechanics and cellular interactions, are important for their use in tissue engineering applications. Although some diversity has been obtained previously in fibrous scaffolds, optimization of scaffold properties relies on iterative techniques in both polymer synthesis and processing. Here, we electrospun candidates from a combinatorial library of biodegradable and photopolymerizable poly(?-amino ester)s (PBAEs) to show t...

  6. Application of fibrous complexing sorbents for trace elements preconcentration and separation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper demonstrates the application of the 'filled' fibrous sorbents for the preconcentration and separation of platinum metals, as well as heavy metals and some radionuclides. It is known that preconcentration is always required for heavy metals and platinum metals determination in complex solution as well as radionuclides reliable monitoring in environment. The fibrous 'filled' complexing sorbents and ion-exchangers have been used in our work. Used matrixes and functional groups of sorbents used in our work are presented. We have also studied the possibility of Pu sorption by filled fibrous sorbents. For Pu sorption from nitric acid solutions it were selected both the well known anion exchanger AV-17-n with quaternary ammonium groups and complexing sorbents POLYORGS 4-n with 3(5)-methylpyrazole groups and POLYORGS 17-n with 1,3(5)- dimethylpyrazole groups in form of 'filled' fibrous materials. Pu sorption is quite selective. The Am(III), Eu(III), U(VI), Pa(V), Np(V), Tc(VII) and Cs(I) were not sorbed under these conditions, and it can be used for plutonium recovery. We have also studied the possibility of Tc extraction. The new types of fibrous sorbents - 'filled' fibrous sorbents are rather perspective for extraction elements from complex solutions, for example, platinum, heavy metals and radionuclides. Filled fibrous sorbents possess of high selectivity and sorption capacity as well as good kinetic properties and they are the most promising for dynamic sorption extraction. The possibility to vary sorbents properties using different filler allows to extract various types of elements from solution by filled fibrous sorbents. Conditions of dynamic extraction of trace elements from different solutions can be calculated on the basis of equilibrium and kinetic characteristics and corresponding mathematical model of(authors)

  7. Exploiting BSA to Inhibit the Fibrous Aggregation of Magnetic Nanoparticles under an Alternating Magnetic Field

    OpenAIRE

    Ning Gu; Yu Zhang; Xuan Liu; Yuan Chen; Jian Fei Sun

    2013-01-01

    The alternating magnetic field was discovered to be capable of inducing the fibrous aggregation of magnetic nanoparticles. However, this anisotropic aggregation may be unfavorable for practical applications. Here, we reported that the adsorption of BSA (bovine serum albumin) on the surfaces of magnetic nanoparticles can effectively make the fibrous aggregation of ?-Fe2O3 nanoparticles turn into a more isotropic aggregation in the presence of the alternating magnetic field. Also, the heating ...

  8. [The influence of "rigidity" and structure of fibrous dust on their biological activity].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Troitskaia, N A; Velichkovski?, B T; Vanchugova, N N

    2000-01-01

    The authors represent experimental data on cytotoxic, fibrogenic and mutagenic effects of fibrous dusts--"soft" pulp fibers and "stiff" ones (chrysotile-asbestos, carbon, basalt and fiber glass) in comparison with the nonfibrous analogs (antigorit, quartz DQ-12 and others). Viability of peritoneal macrophages was depressed more dramatically by "stiff" fibers vs. the "soft" ones. Mutagenic activity was associated with the "stiffness" degree of the dust particles. When compared to fibrous chemical dusts, nonfibrous ones appeared inert in micronuclear test. PMID:10826365

  9. Cystic solitary fibrous tumor arising from the left occipital meninges: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a benign mesenchymal neoplasm of a spindle-cell origin, and it usually involves the pleura. It's occurrence in various organs of the body has recently been described. Meningeal SFT is very rare. Radiologically, it is a strongly enhancing solid mass and is undistinguishable from fibrous meningioma and hemangiopericytoma. Yet we report here on a case of SFT with massive cystic degeneration that arose from the meninges of the left occipital region

  10. Optimization of Grafted Fibrous Polymer as a Solid Basic Catalyst for Biodiesel Fuel Production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuji Ueki

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Grafted fibrous polymer with quaternary amine groups could function as a highly-efficient catalyst for biodiesel fuel (BDF production. In this study, the optimization of grafted fibrous polymer (catalyst and transesterification conditions for the effective BDF production was attempted through a batch-wise transesterification of triglyceride (TG with ethanol (EtOH in the presence of a cosolvent. Trimethylamine was the optimal quaternary amine group for the grafted fibrous catalyst. The optimal degree of grafting of the grafted fibrous catalyst was greater than 170%. The optimal transesterification conditions were as follows: The optimal molar quantity of quaternary amine groups, transesterification temperature, molar ratio of TG and EtOH, and primary alkyl alcohol were 0.8 mmol, 80°C, 1:200, and 1-pentanol, respectively. The grafted fibrous catalyst could be applied to BDF production using natural oils. Furthermore, the grafted fibrous catalyst could be used repeatedly after regeneration involving three sequential processes, i.e., organic acid, alkali, and alcohol treatments, without any significant loss of catalytic activity.

  11. Properties of nanoparticles affecting simulation of fibrous gas filter performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tronville, Paolo; Rivers, Richard

    2015-05-01

    Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) codes allow detailed simulation of the flow of gases through fibrous filter media. When the pattern of gas flow between fibers has been established, simulated particles of any desired size can be “injected” into the entering gas stream, and their paths under the influence of aerodynamic drag, Brownian motion and electrostatic forces tracked. Particles either collide with a fiber, or pass through the entire filter medium. They may bounce off the fiber surface, or adhere firmly to the surface or to particles previously captured. Simulated injection of many particles at random locations in the entering stream allows the average probability of capture to be calculated. Many particle properties must be available as parameters for the equations defining the forces on particles in the gas stream, at the moment of contact with a fiber, and after contact. Accurate values for all properties are needed, not only for predicting particle capture in actual service, but also to validate models for media geometries and computational procedures used in CFD. We present a survey of existing literature on the properties influencing nanoparticle dynamics and adhesion.

  12. Development of miniaturized sample preparation with fibrous extraction media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito, Yoshihiro; Imaizumi, Motohiro; Ban, Kazuhiro; Tahara, Ai; Wada, Hiroo; Jinno, Kiyokatsu

    2004-01-30

    Introducing fine polymeric filaments as the extraction medium, a miniaturized sample preparation technique for micro-column liquid chromatography (micro-LC) has been developed along with the investigation of a reproducible preparation scheme of the extraction capillary. The polymeric filaments were packed longitudinally into either a fused-silica capillary or a polyether ether ketone (PEEK) capillary of appropriate dimensions, and the extraction capillary was installed to the injection valve in micro-LC system. The number of packed filaments should be precisely counted before the packing process to make sure the reproducible preparation of the extraction capillary. With conventional stationary phase materials for open-tubular gas chromatography, polymeric coating to the surface of the filaments was also studied in order to further enhance the extraction performance and selectivity. Coated with the polymeric material suitable for the extraction of particular analyte, a dramatic improvement on the extraction power was obtained. The results suggest that the future possibility of novel tailored fibrous extraction medium with an appropriate coating on it, especially for the analysis of complex sample matrices. PMID:14753667

  13. Giant solitary fibrous tumor arising from greater omentum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qun-Shan Zhu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Extrathoracic solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs have been described at almost every anatomic location of human body, but reports of SFT in the abdominal cavity are rare. We herein present a rare case of SFT originating from greater omentum. Computed tomography revealed a 15.8 cm × 21.0 cm solid mass located at superior aspect of stomach. Open laparotomy confirmed its mesenchymal origin. Microscopically, its tissue was composed of non-organized and spindle-shaped cells exhibiting atypical nuclei, which were divided up by branching vessel and collagen bundles. Immunohistochemical staining showed that this tumor was negative for CD117, CD99, CD68, cytokeratin, calretinin, desmin, epithelial membrane antigen, F8 and S-100, but positive for CD34, bcl-2, ?-smooth muscle actin and vimentin. The patient presented no evidence of recurrence during follow-up. SFT arising from abdominal cavity can be diagnosed by histological findings and immunohistochemical markers, especially for CD34 and bcl-2 positive cases.

  14. Sperm protein 17 is expressed in the sperm fibrous sheath

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albani Elena

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Sperm protein 17 (Sp17 is a highly conserved mammalian protein characterized in rabbit, mouse, monkey, baboon, macaque, human testis and spermatozoa. mRNA encoding Sp17 has been detected in a range of murine and human somatic tissues. It was also recognized in two myeloma cell lines and in neoplastic cells from patients with multiple myeloma and ovarian carcinoma. These data all indicate that Sp17 is widely distributed in humans, expressed not only in germinal cells and in a variety of somatic tissues, but also in neoplastic cells of unrelated origin. Methods Sp17 expression was analyzed by immunocytochemistry and transmission electron microscopy on spermatozoa. Results Here, we demonstrate the ultrastructural localization of human Sp17 throughout the spermatozoa flagellar fibrous sheath, and its presence in spermatozoa during in vitro states from their ejaculation to the oocyte fertilization. Conclusion These findings suggest a possible role of Sp17 in regulating sperm maturation, capacitation, acrosomal reaction and interactions with the oocyte zona pellucida during the fertilization process. Further, the high degree of sequence conservation throughout its N-terminal half, and the presence of an A-kinase anchoring protein (AKAP-binding motif within this region, suggest that Sp17 might play a regulatory role in a protein kinase A-independent AKAP complex in both germinal and somatic cells.

  15. FIBROUS MONOLITH WEAR RESISTANT COMPONENTS FOR THE MINING INDUSTRY

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mark J. Rigali; Mike L. Fulcher; Kenneth L. Knittel

    2002-10-01

    During the reporting period, work continued on development of formulations using the materials down-selected from the initially identified contenders for the fibrous monolith wear resistant components. The FM systems studied were: WC-Co/WC-Co, WC-Co/Co, diamond/WC-Co, and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-TiCN. Extrudable formulations for the materials listed were developed during the first twelve months of this effort, and work during the reporting period was focused on the development of optimized binder removal processes. A two stage binder removal process was developed that resulted in prototype parts free of voids and other internal defects. In addition, changes in the binder removal atmosphere resulted in the apparent elimination of residual carbon, an important consideration when consolidating WC-Co containing systems. Using the improved binder removal processes, parts were consolidated by both sintering and hot pressing to >99% theoretical density. Samples of these materials were sent to Kyocera for mechanical evaluations. Fabrication of drill bit inserts was begun, and binder removal begun during the reporting period. A total of 24 green inserts were fabricated, and will be consolidated and delivered for field testing during the upcoming reporting period.

  16. Development of plutonium adsorbent utilizing fibrous activated carbon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the fuel reprocessing special laboratory of Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, about 200 g of pure plutonium has been recovered from the spent fuel of JRR-3. In order to develop the process for effectively processing its TRU-containing waste liquid, the development of inorganic plutonium adsorbent based on fibrous activated carbon (FAC) was begun. The reduction of waste volume can be expected by incinerating this absorbent, and it is suitable to process the nitric acid waste generated from the reprocessing. The manufacturing processes of the FAC are the making of the pitch for spinning from the raw material of coal pitch, the melting and spinning of the prepared pitch, making the pitch fibers infusible, and the activation of the infusible pitch fibers. The features of the FAC are wide specific surface area, high adsorption rate as innumerable micropores of 10-20A diameter exist on the fiber surface, and excellent formability. The equilibrium adsorption test of plutonium and the test of passing liquid through a column were carried out, and the testing conditions and the results are reported. The development of the cartridge for the engineering scale use was attempted, and the adsorption performance was tested. The incineration test of the cartridge was carried out, and the testing conditions and the results are reported. (K.I.)

  17. Nanoscale dynamics and aging of fibrous peptide-based gels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dudukovic, Nikola A., E-mail: dudukov1@illinois.edu [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Zukoski, Charles F. [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14222 (United States)

    2014-10-28

    Solutions of the aromatic dipeptide derivative molecule fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl-diphenylalanine (Fmoc-FF) in dimethyl sulfoxide produce fibrous gels when mixed with water. We study the evolution of density fluctuations of this three-component system using X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy (XPCS) and compare these results to the macroscopic rheology of the gels and optical observations of the microstructure evolution. At the investigated scattering angles, the intensity autocorrelation functions do not follow behavior expected for simple diffusion of individual Fmoc-FF molecules localized within cages of nearest neighbors. Instead, the dynamics are associated with density fluctuations on length scales of ?10–100 nm arising from disaggregation and reformation of fibers, leading to an increasingly uniform network. This process is correlated with the growth of the elastic modulus, which saturates at long times. Autocorrelation functions and relaxation times acquired from XPCS measurements are consistent with relaxation rates of structures at dynamic equilibrium. This study provides further support to the concept of exploring peptide-based gelators as valence-limited patchy particles capable of forming equilibrium gels.

  18. A parametric study of fracture toughness of fibrous composite materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poe, C. C., Jr.

    1987-01-01

    Impacts to fibrous composite laminates by objects with low velocities can break fibers giving crack-like damage. The damage may not extend completely through a thick laminate. The tension strength of these damage laminates is reduced much like that of cracked metals. The fracture toughness depends on fiber and matrix properties, fiber orientations, and stacking sequence. Accordingly, a parametric study was made to determine how fiber and matrix properties and fiber orientations affect fracture toughness and notch sensitivity. The values of fracture toughness were predicted from the elastic constants of the laminate and the failing strain of the fibers using a general fracture toughness parameter developed previously. For a variety of laminates, values of fracture toughness from tests of center-cracked specimens and values of residual strength from tests of thick laminates with surface cracks were compared to the predictions to give credibility to the study. In contrast to the usual behavior of metals, it is shown that both ultimate tensile strength and fracture toughness of composites can be increased without increasing notch sensitivity.

  19. STRENGTH AND DEFORMABILITY OF STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS OF TRANSPORT FACILITIES ON THE BASIS OF FINE-GRAINED FIBROUS STEEL SLAG CONCRETE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. N. Chernousov

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement. Application of steel fibrous concrete in structures of transport facilities providesfor their reliable and durable operation, however, along with the indisputable advantages,steel fibrous concrete has significant drawback. Its application in transport construction is very expensive.The use of cast slag crushed stone screenings, along with fibers from waste products oflocal factories, as a filler of concrete matrix will significantly reduce the costs of production oftransport facility structures and their elements with the use of steel fibrous concrete.Results and conclusions. According to the results of experimental studies formulae for practical estimationof shrinkage deformations of concrete matrix of fibrous steel slag concrete are obtained. Theanalytical relationships for fibrous steel slag concrete are derived. These relationships involve ultimatecompression and tensile strength, increase in compression and bending strength with time, longtermcompression strength, low cycle tensile fatigue, wearability. Based on experimental studies theuse of fibrous steel slag concrete in structural elements of transport facilities is suggested.

  20. The diagnostic role of nuclear medicine in haematological malignancies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lymphomas are malignancies of the haematological system and normally originate and disseminate through the lymphatic system. Radionuclide methods have been in use for the past several decades in the management of lymphoma. Initially lymphoscintigraphy was used for identifying lymph node involvement in lymphoma. However the advent of CT and MRI saw lymphoscintigraphy relegated to the side line. Subsequently, the recognition of post therapy residual mass of fibrous tissue, looking like lymphoma on CT and MRI has lead to a resurgent interest in the functional nuclear medicine diagnostic procedures, especially imaging with Ga-67 citrate and Tc-99m MIBI. Whilst these could be used in a small number of difficult patients, often post therapy; the advent of F-18 FDG PET has lead to an overwhelming increase in the use of radionuclide techniques. Positron emission tomography (PET) is a novel functional imaging technique that can use a glucose analog (2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose [FDG]) radiolabeled with the positron emitter fluorine-18 to evaluate glycolytic activity, which is greater in malignancies, including lymphoma. Several studies have suggested a role for FDG-PET in the diagnosis and followup of patients with lymphoma, and it is rapidly becoming a standard procedure for lymphoma management. PET provides several inherent advantages over other nuclear imaging techniques. The short half-life of FDG allows patient convenience and improved imaging characteristics. With modern dved imaging characteristics. With modern dedicated PET machines, a resolution of approximately 5 mm can be achieved, and the ability to co-register PET with anatomic computerized tomography (CT) imaging allows for ease of interpretation. Moreover, using a quantitative approach to interpretation with the standardized uptake value (SUV) (ratio of activity per volume unit over injected activity per body mass), PET imaging appears to be more precise than conventional scintigraphy and is rapidly becoming an essential part in the management of lymphoma. (author)

  1. Nutritional fibrous osteodystrophy in goats Osteodistrofia fibrosa nutricional em caprinos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo M Bandarra

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Seven out of 25 goats from a southern Brazilian flock developed nutritional fibrous osteodystrophy. Affected animals were younger than 1 year of age and were confined in stalls and fed a concentrate ration containing 1:6 calcium:phosphorus ratio. The remaining flock (35 goats was managed at pasture and showed no disease. Clinical signs were characterized by mandibular and maxillary enlargements, varying degrees of mouth opening and protruding tongue, dyspnea, apart of abnormalities of prehension and mastication. Affected animals had increased seric levels of phosphorus and parathormone, as well as higher alkaline phosphatase activity. Postmortem examination on three succumbed goats revealed bilateral enlargement of the maxilla and mandibula, and loose teeth, apart of multiple incomplete rib fractures in one of them. Severe diffuse proliferation of loose connective tissue surrounded the osteoid trabeculae, many of which were partially or completely non-mineralized. Mineralized osteoid trabeculae showed osteoclasts in the Howship's lacunae.Sete de um total de 25 caprinos jovens (menos de um ano de idade de um rebanho no sul do Brasil desenvolveram osteodistrofia fibrosa nutricional. Os animais afetados eram confinados em baias e alimentados com concentrado, cuja relação Ca:P era 1:6. O restante do rebanho (35 cabras era mantido na pastagem e não desenvolveu a doença. Os sinais clínicos se caracterizaram por aumento de volume da mandibula e maxila, vários graus de abertura de boca com protrusão da língua, em associação com dispneia e anormalidades de apreensão de alimento e mastigação. Os animais afetados apresentaram os níveis séricos de fósforo e paratormônio aumentados, bem como maior atividade de fosfatase alcalina. Três caprinos foram necropsiados e os achados de necropsia incluíram aumento bilateral da maxi-la e mandíbula, dentes frouxos, além de múltiplas fraturas incompletas de costelas em um caprino. Microscopicamente, havia intensa proliferação de tecido conjuntivo frouxo ao redor de trabéculas ósseas, muitas das quais estavam parcial ou completamente não mineralizadas. Trabéculas ósseas mineralizadas apresentaram osteoclastos em lacunas de Howship.

  2. FIBROUS MONOLITH WEAR RESISTANT COMPONENTS FOR THE MINING INDUSTRY

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mark J. Rigali; Mike L. Fulcher

    2003-03-25

    During the reporting period, work continued on development of formulations using the materials down-selected from the initially identified contenders for the fibrous monolith wear resistant components. In the previous reporting period, a two-stage binder removal process was developed that resulted in prototype parts free of voids and other internal defects. During the current reporting period, work was performed to characterize the two-stage binder removal process for WC-Co based FM material systems. Use of this process has resulted in the fabrication of defect free sintered WC-Co FM bodies, with minimal free carbon porosity and densities approaching 100% theoretical. With the elimination of free carbon porosity and other binder removal process related defects, development work focused on optimizing the densification and eliminating defects observed in WC-Co based FM consolidated by pressureless sintering. Shrinkage of the monolithic core and shell materials used in the WC-Co based FM system was measured, and differences in material shrinkage were identified as a potential cause of cell boundary cracking observed in sintered parts. Re-formulation of material blends for this system was begun, with the goal of eliminating mechanical stresses during sintering by matching the volumetric shrinkage of the core and shell materials. Thirty-three 7/8 inch drill bit inserts (WC-Co(6%)/WC-Co(16%) FM) were hot pressed during the reporting period. Six of these inserts were delivered for field-testing by Superior Rock Bit during the upcoming reporting period. In addition, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-TiCN FM cutting tool inserts were fabricated, and cutting tests performed.

  3. Computed tomography and malignant mesothelioma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Computed tomography (CT) is beneficial in evaluating patients with malignant mesothelioma whether of pleural or peritoneal origin. Before the advent of CT, chest radiography with tomograms and barium-contrast examinations were the prime methods in evaluation of patients with malignant mesothelioma. Computed tomography cannot replace the standard chest x-ray as a screening device but does have a definite role in evaluation of abnormalities detected on the chest x-ray in patients with asbestos exposure. Possibly the prime importance of CTs is in defining the extent of disease and evaluation of the response of the patient to therapy

  4. Primary supratentorial intracerebral malignant paraganglioma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed A Al Jishi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Paragangliomas are extra-adrenal neuroendocrine tumors that derive from neural crest. In general, they are benign tumors but few cases had shown a tendency to metastasize. Malignant forms have been reported previously with intracranial metastasis from duodenal origin, but primary intracranial origin represents a rare and unusual location for such tumors. Here, we report a rare case of a 48-year-old lady who presented with symptomatic right-sided insular mass with negative metastatic work up. A complete surgical resection had been done with an unexpected diagnosis of primary gangliocytic paraganglioma with malignant features.

  5. Malignant diseases as suicidal motives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogdanovi? Ljiljana

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Suicide is a conscious and intentional destruction of one’s own life, which occurs as a result of mutual influence of a person’s disposition and motives (facts inspiring the commitment of suicide. It is well known that various diseases, including malignancies, could be important and in some cases the only motive for committing suicide. Objective The purpose of the study was to analyze in detail suicides of persons whose only motive was an established malignant disease. Method The analysis was performed using the autopsy material of the Institute of Forensic Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, during the period from 1990 to 2004. The reports on performed medico-legal autopsies were used, as well as history data obtained from the family members of suicidal persons, investigation reports and the available medical documents. Results In 1931 cases there was established suicidal nature of a violent death. Neoplasms were the suicidal motive in 37 persons (1.9%. The basic characteristics of the analyzed sample were predominance of males (26:11, ratio 2.4:1, the age of over 70 years and the highest incidence of malignant lung and breast tumors. Almost all cases were the persons who underwent treatment for malignant neoplasms over a longer period of time. During 19 autopsies (51.3% out of 37, a progressive phase of malignancy was established, i.e. metastases. The data on prior oral announcement of suicide intention were obtained for 70.3% (26 cases, and on previous suicidal attempts only for 13.5% (5 cases. In the majority of cases (78.4% the place of committed suicide was the person’s home. In 16 cases (43.2% the suicide was committed with a firearm. Hanging as a manner of destroying one’s own life was chosen by 12 persons (32.4%, while other ways were less frequently used. Conclusion Although malignancies were not present with high incidence as a suicidal motive in our analyzed sample, such cases require particular care of health workers in order to enable the application of adequate measures in the prevention of suicides in persons with malignant diseases. The suicide analyses performed so far indicated that a malignant disease was the motive. Doctors have to show maximal interest for the patient. Prevention is crucial, so the patient should be provided with such surroundings in which the person will not feel alone and abandoned.

  6. Gemcitabine Hydrochloride With or Without Pazopanib Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Refractory Soft Tissue Sarcoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-05

    Adult Alveolar Soft-part Sarcoma; Adult Angiosarcoma; Adult Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor; Adult Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma; Adult Epithelioid Sarcoma; Adult Extraskeletal Chondrosarcoma; Adult Extraskeletal Osteosarcoma; Adult Fibrosarcoma; Adult Leiomyosarcoma; Adult Liposarcoma; Adult Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma; Adult Malignant Hemangiopericytoma; Adult Malignant Mesenchymoma; Adult Neurofibrosarcoma; Adult Rhabdomyosarcoma; Adult Synovial Sarcoma; Childhood Alveolar Soft-part Sarcoma; Childhood Angiosarcoma; Childhood Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor; Childhood Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma; Childhood Epithelioid Sarcoma; Childhood Fibrosarcoma; Childhood Leiomyosarcoma; Childhood Liposarcoma; Childhood Malignant Hemangiopericytoma; Childhood Malignant Mesenchymoma; Childhood Neurofibrosarcoma; Childhood Synovial Sarcoma; Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans; Metastatic Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Nonmetastatic Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Recurrent Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Recurrent Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Stage III Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Stage IV Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma

  7. Preparation of poly(ethylene glycol/polylactide hybrid fibrous scaffolds for bone tissue engineering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni P

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available PeiYan Ni, ShaoZhi Fu, Min Fan, Gang Guo, Shuai Shi, JinRong Peng, Feng Luo, ZhiYong QianState Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of ChinaAbstract: Polylactide (PLA electrospun fibers have been reported as a scaffold for bone tissue engineering application, however, the great hydrophobicity limits its broad application. In this study, the hybrid amphiphilic poly(ethylene glycol (PEG/hydrophobic PLA fibrous scaffolds exhibited improved morphology with regular and continuous fibers compared to corresponding blank PLA fiber mats. The prepared PEG/PLA fibrous scaffolds favored mesenchymal stem cell (MSC attachment and proliferation by providing an interconnected porous extracellular environment. Meanwhile, MSCs can penetrate into the fibrous scaffold through the interstitial pores and integrate well with the surrounding fibers, which is very important for favorable application in tissue engineering. More importantly, the electrospun hybrid PEG/PLA fibrous scaffolds can enhance MSCs to differentiate into bone-associated cells by comprehensively evaluating the representative markers of the osteogenic procedure with messenger ribonucleic acid quantitation and protein analysis. MSCs on the PEG/PLA fibrous scaffolds presented better differentiation potential with higher messenger ribonucleic acid expression of the earliest osteogenic marker Cbfa-1 and mid-stage osteogenic marker Col I. The significantly higher alkaline phosphatase activity of the PEG/PLA fibrous scaffolds indicated that these can enhance the differentiation of MSCs into osteoblast-like cells. Furthermore, the higher messenger ribonucleic acid level of the late osteogenic differentiation markers OCN (osteocalcin and OPN (osteopontin, accompanied by the positive Alizarin red S staining, showed better maturation of osteogenic induction on the PEG/PLA fibrous scaffolds at the mineralization stage of differentiation. After transplantation into the thigh muscle pouches of rats, and evaluating the inflammatory cells surrounding the scaffolds and the physiological characteristics of the surrounding tissues, the PEG/PLA scaffolds presented good biocompatibility. Based on the good cellular response and excellent osteogenic potential in vitro, as well as the biocompatibility with the surrounding tissues in vivo, the electrospun PEG/PLA fibrous scaffolds could be one of the most promising candidates in bone tissue engineering.Keywords: electrospinning, fibrous scaffolds, poly(ethylene glycol/polylactide, mesenchymal stem cells, bone tissue engineering

  8. Non-oxidative and oxidative torrefaction characterization and SEM observations of fibrous and ligneous biomass

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Non-oxidative and oxidative torrefaction of biomass is studied. • Two fibrous biomasses and two ligneous biomasses are tested. • SEM observations of four biomasses are provided. • Fibrous biomass is more sensitive to O2 concentration than ligneous biomass. • The performance of non-oxidative torrefaction is better than that of oxidative torrefaction. - Abstract: Oxidative torrefaction is a method to reduce the operating cost of upgrading biomass. To understand the potential of oxidative torrefaction and its impact on the internal structure of biomass, non-oxidative and oxidative torrefaction of two fibrous biomass materials (oil palm fiber and coconut fiber) and two ligneous ones (eucalyptus and Cryptomeria japonica) at 300 °C for 1 h are studied and compared with each other. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) observations are also performed to explore the impact of torrefaction atmosphere on the lignocellulosic structure of biomass. The results indicate that the fibrous biomass is more sensitive to O2 concentration than the ligneous biomass. In oxidative torrefaction, an increase in O2 concentration decreases the solid yield. The energy yield is linearly proportional to the solid yield, which is opposite to the behavior of non-oxidative torrefaction. The performance of non-oxidative torrefaction is better than that of oxidative torrefaction. As a whole, ligneous biomass can be torrefied in oxidative environments at lower O2 concentrations, whereas fibrous biomass is more suitable for non-oxidative torrefaction

  9. Highly elastic and suturable electrospun poly(glycerol sebacate) fibrous scaffolds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeffries, Eric M; Allen, Robert A; Gao, Jin; Pesce, Matt; Wang, Yadong

    2015-05-01

    Poly(glycerol sebacate) (PGS) is a thermally-crosslinked elastomer suitable for tissue regeneration due to its elasticity, degradability, and pro-regenerative inflammatory response. Pores in PGS scaffolds are typically introduced by porogen leaching, which compromises strength. Methods for producing fibrous PGS scaffolds are very limited. Electrospinning is the most widely used method for laboratory scale production of fibrous scaffolds. Electrospinning PGS by itself is challenging, necessitating a carrier polymer which can affect material properties if not removed. We report a simple electrospinning method to produce distinct PGS fibers while maintaining the desired mechanical and cytocompatibility properties of thermally crosslinked PGS. Fibrous PGS demonstrated 5 times higher tensile strength and increased suture retention compared to porous PGS foams. Additionally, similar modulus and elastic recovery were observed. A final advantage of fibrous PGS sheets is the ability to create multi-laminate constructs due to fiber bonding that occurs during thermal crosslinking. Taken together, these highly elastic fibrous PGS scaffolds will enable new approaches in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. PMID:25686558

  10. Adsorption kinetics and isotherms of zeolite coatings directly crystallized on fibrous plates for heat pump applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zeolite A coatings were grown on porous fibrous metal plates by using the substrate heating synthesis method. The coatings prepared were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and laser microscopy. Kinetic measurements were performed to determine the rates of adsorption of these materials while their adsorption isotherms were obtained by thermogravimetry (TG). The overall adsorption kinetics varied with the different samples investigated. The zeolite A coating grown on a copper fibrous support generally exhibited superior overall adsorption kinetics compared to a zeolite X coating with close mass, prepared previously on a stainless steel flat plate. The coating thickness as well as the support properties affected the performances of the samples. The inclusion of an additional polymer layer exhibited adverse impact on the kinetics especially after relatively high normalized loadings. The adsorption isotherms obtained for the zeolite coatings on fibrous supports were quite typical for zeolite A while the addition of polymer changed the isotherm type. -- Highlights: • Thick zeolite A coatings were grown on fibrous metal plates. • Use of fibrous supports improved heat transfer quality. • Coating thickness influenced adsorption kinetics notably. • Inclusion of an additional polymer layer changed kinetics and isotherm type

  11. Osteoarthritis of the hip in fibrous dysplasia of the proximal femur.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, H-S; Im, S B; Han, I

    2015-07-01

    Deformity of the proximal femur in fibrous dysplasia leads to deviation of the mechanical axis of the hip, which may lead to the development of secondary osteoarthritis (OA). This study investigated the prevalence and predisposing factors for the development of OA in patients with fibrous dysplasia of the proximal femur. We reviewed the records of 209 patients from our institutional database with fibrous dysplasia of the proximal femur, investigating possible predisposing factors including patient demographics, the extent of the coxa vara deformity, the presence of peri-articular disease, and the overall burden of skeletal disease. Of the 209 patients, 24 (12%) had radiological evidence of OA in the ipsilateral hip. The prevalence was significantly higher in patients with polyostotic fibrous dysplasia compared with those with monostotic disease (p osteoarthritis (neck-shaft angle likelihood ratio (LR) = 0.847 per 1° increase, p = 0.004; presence of lesion in the head of the femur LR = 9.947, p = 0.027; presence of lesion in the acetabulum LR = 11.231, p = 0.014). Our data suggest that patients with polyostotic fibrous dysplasia have a high risk of developing secondary OA of the hips. This risk is higher in patients with peri-articular disease, and those with a more severe deformity of proximal femur. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2015;97-B:1007-11. PMID:26130361

  12. The internal microstructure and fibrous mineralogy of fly ash from coal-burning power stations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Coal fly ash (CFA) is a significant environmental pollutant that presents a respiratory hazard when airborne. Although previous studies have identified the mineral components of CFA, there is a paucity of information on the structural habits of these minerals. Samples from UK, Polish and Chinese power stations were studied to further our understanding of the factors that affect CFA geochemistry and mineralogy. ICP-MS, FE-SEM/EDX, XRD, and laser diffraction were used to study physicochemical characteristics. Analysis revealed important differences in the elemental compositions and particle size distributions of samples between sites. Microscopy of HF acid-etched CFA revealed the mullite present possesses a fibrous habit; fibres ranged in length between 1 and 10 ?m. Respirable particles (<10 ?m) were frequently observed to contain fibrous mullite. We propose that the biopersistence of these refractory fibres in the lung environment could be contributing towards chronic lung diseases seen in communities and individuals continually exposed to high levels of CFA. - Highlights: ? Chinese CFA had a greater crystalline mineral content and smaller particle size. ? Mullite and quartz, two hazardous minerals, recrystallise from glass melt particles. ? Mullite revealed a fibrous habit, with fibres 1-10 ?m in length and 0.5-1 ?m in width. - Chinese CFA possessed a greater crystalline mineral content and smaller particle size than UK and Polish CFA, the fibrous mullite prlish CFA, the fibrous mullite prhiesent displayed a high aspect-ratio and thus is likely to be a respiratory hazard in vivo.

  13. Experimental investigation of sedimentation of LOCA - generated fibrous debris and sludge in BWR suppression pools

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several tests were conducted in a 1:2.4 scale model of a Mark I suppression pool to investigate the behavior of fibrous insulation and sludge debris under LOCA conditions. NUKON trademark shreds, manually cut and tore up in a leaf shredder, and iron oxide particles were used to simulate fibrous and sludge debris, respectively. The suppression pool model included four downcomers fitted with pistons to simulate the steam-water oscillations during chugging expected during a LOCA. The study was conducted to provide debris settling velocity data for the models used in the BLOCKAGE computer code, developed to estimate the ECCS pump head loss due to clogging of the strainers with LOCA generated debris. The tests showed that the debris, both fibrous and particulate, remains fully mixed during chugging; they also showed that, during chugging, the fibrous debris underwent fragmentation into smaller sizes, including individual fibers. Measured concentrations showed that fibrous debris settled slower than the sludge, and that the settling behavior of each material is independent of the presence of the other material. Finally, these tests showed that the assumption of considering uniform debris concentration during strainer calculations is reasonable. The tests did not consider the effects of the operation of the ECCS on the transport of debris in the suppression pool

  14. Evaluation of sodium sulfite and protein correction in analyses of fibrous compounds in tropical forages

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Daiany Íris, Gomes; Edenio, Detmann; Sebastião de Campos, Valadares Filho; Rafael, Mezzomo; Natália Krish de Paiva, Souza; Augusto César de, Queiroz; Kelly da Silva Coutinho, Detmann.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the contents of fibrous compounds in tropical grasses and legumes according to utilization of sodium sulfite in the neutral detergent solution or using a procedure for contaminant protein correction. Samples of ten grasses and ten legumes were used. The co [...] ntents of neutral detergent fiber were decreased when sodium sulfite was used; however, more prominent reductions were verified in legumes. Sodium sulfite decreased the acid detergent fiber content in both forage groups. The contents of neutral and acid detergent insoluble protein and lignin were reduced by sodium sulfite in legumes, but no effect was observed in grasses with regard to these variables. The decrease in fiber contents in legumes could be explained by the solubilization of lignin and decrease in insoluble nitrogen. However, the decreases in fiber in grasses could not be solely explained by the decrease in contaminant protein and solubilization of lignin, and loss of other fibrous compounds probably occurred. The utilization of sodium sulfite compromises the accuracy of the estimates of fibrous compounds contents in tropical forages. The precision of the estimates were not relevantly increased by sodium sulfite. The correction of insoluble fibrous compounds for protein is suggested instead of using sodium sulfite because there are no modifications on neutral detergent solution or undesirable solubilization of fibrous compounds.

  15. Evaluation of sodium sulfite and protein correction in analyses of fibrous compounds in tropical forages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daiany Íris Gomes

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the contents of fibrous compounds in tropical grasses and legumes according to utilization of sodium sulfite in the neutral detergent solution or using a procedure for contaminant protein correction. Samples of ten grasses and ten legumes were used. The contents of neutral detergent fiber were decreased when sodium sulfite was used; however, more prominent reductions were verified in legumes. Sodium sulfite decreased the acid detergent fiber content in both forage groups. The contents of neutral and acid detergent insoluble protein and lignin were reduced by sodium sulfite in legumes, but no effect was observed in grasses with regard to these variables. The decrease in fiber contents in legumes could be explained by the solubilization of lignin and decrease in insoluble nitrogen. However, the decreases in fiber in grasses could not be solely explained by the decrease in contaminant protein and solubilization of lignin, and loss of other fibrous compounds probably occurred. The utilization of sodium sulfite compromises the accuracy of the estimates of fibrous compounds contents in tropical forages. The precision of the estimates were not relevantly increased by sodium sulfite. The correction of insoluble fibrous compounds for protein is suggested instead of using sodium sulfite because there are no modifications on neutral detergent solution or undesirable solubilization of fibrous compounds.

  16. MR Imaging Findings of Ovarian Cystadenofibroma: Clues for Making the Differential Diagnosis from Ovarian Malignancy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ovarian cystadenofibromas are uncommon epithelial ovarian tumors in which fibrous stroma is the dominant component of the neoplasm, in addition to the epithelial lining of the cystic tumor. These tumors are classified, according to the epithelial cell types, into the serous, endometrioid, mucinous, clear cell and mixed categories. Outwater et al. have reported that ovarian cystadenofibromas were multilocular cystic masses with a solid component and they had a specific MR signal intensity for the solid portion, which consisted of fibrous tissue that had very low signal intensity on the T2-weighted sequences. Takeuchi et al. reported that small or tiny cystic locules within the solid component are the characteristic findings of cystadenofibroma, corresponding to a black sponge-like appearance on T2-weignted image. Cho et al. found that about half of ovarian cystadenofibromas are purely cystic and the other half are complex cystic masses with one or more solid components on CT or MR imaging. The imaging findings of purely cystic ovarian cystadenofibromas were identical to those of ovarian cystadenomas on CT or MR imaging. Upon reviewing of the pathology of these tumors, they had small foci of fibrous stromas that were detected only on microscopic examination. The cystadenofibromas with a complex cystic nature demonstrated variable amounts of solid components in the cystic tumor on the CT or MR imaging. Familiarity with the above mentioned MR imaging features of ovarian cmentioned MR imaging features of ovarian cystadenofibromas may allow a specific diagnosis and help distinguish this benign tumor from malignant tumors, and this can be a big help during surgical planning to avoid inappropriate management or excessive surgical intervention

  17. Management of paranasal sinus malignancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, Terry A; Beas, Ricardo A; Schlosser, Rodney J; Woodworth, Bradford A; Barredo, Julio; Sharma, Anand K; Gillespie, M Boyd

    2005-01-01

    Malignancies of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses represent a wide spectrum of histologies, tissues of origin, and anatomic primary sites. The inherent difficulty in generalizing treatment approaches is obvious, given the numerous variables associated with the broadly-based term, paranasal sinus malignancy (PNSCa). Nevertheless, the majority of epithelial and salivary malignancies of this region (ie, squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma, and esthesioneuroblastoma) require surgical intervention as part of any treatment regimen. Recent trends have broadened the indications for chemotherapeutic and radiotherapeutic options in the management of advanced PNSCa. Nonepithelial malignancies, including the wide variety of sarcomas arising in this region, most commonly require multimodality treatment including chemotherapy, radiation, and/or surgery for definitive treatment. Moreover, the proximity of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses to structures including the orbit, dura, brain, cranial nerves, and carotid arteries mandates careful radiologic and neurologic evaluations throughout the course of the disease. Surgical advances now permit complex tumor removal and reconstruction surrounding these structures resulting in functional and cosmetic improvements when compared to earlier techniques. However, additional clinical trials are necessary to systematically evaluate the locoregional control, organ-preservation strategies, and survival related to the variety of treatments currently available. PMID:15610711

  18. The Origin of Malignant Malaria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plasmodium falciparum is the causative agent of malignant malaria, which is among the most severe human infectious diseases. Despite its overwhelming significance to human health, the parasite’s origins remain unclear. The favored origin hypothesis holds that P. falciparum and its closest known rel...

  19. Haematological malignancy in the adult

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The emphasis in this chapter has been placed on those aspects of treatment of the following haematological malignancies of particular relevance to the radiotherapist: acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute non-lymphocytic leukemia, chronic granulocytic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia extramedullary leukemic deposits, granulocytic sarcoma, polycythaemia rubra vera, myelofibrosis, multiple myeloma, solitary plasmacytoma. (U.K.)

  20. Malignant pleural effusions. Bibliographic revision

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malignant pleural effusions are a common clinical problem in patients with neoplastic disease. Dyspnea is the most common symptom. The diagnostic is made with X ray and pleural echography. The treatment are thoracentesis, chest tube drainage and pleurodesis. Palliative therapy should be considered, necessitating evaluation of the patient's symptoms, general health and functional status, and expected survival. (The author)

  1. Brain Malignancies Steering Committee Roster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brain Malignancies Steering Committee Roster Co-chairs Ian Pollack, M.D., F.A.C.S., F.A.A.P Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, PA W.K. Alfred Yung, M.D. University of Texas - M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Houston, TX Members Karla Ballman, Ph.D. Mayo

  2. Self-assembly studies of native and recombinant fibrous proteins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Donna Lucille

    The structure of silk proteins consists of alternating amorphous (glycine-rich) and ordered crystalline regions (poly(alanine) and poly(glycine-alanine) repeats), where the organized regions are typically beta-sheet assemblies. In collagen, the basic helical repeat (glycine-proline-hydroxyproline and variants on this repeat) drives hierarchical assembly. Three polypeptide chains form left-handed poly-proline II-like helices, these three chains then self-assemble to form a right-handed triple helix. The focus of this thesis is on these proteins and defined variations thereof to reveal features of fibrous protein self-assembly. The amino acid sequences of native silk and collagen and their respective assembly environments have been systematically manipulated. Spider silk protein, based on the consensus sequence of Nephila clavipes dragline-silk, was genetically engineered to include methionines flanking the beta-sheet forming polyalanine regions. These methionines could be selectively oxidized and reduced, altering the bulkiness and charge of a methionine-based sulfoxide group to control beta-sheet formation by steric hindrance. A second version of the sterical trigger included a recognition site for Protein Kinase A allowing for the selective phosphorylation of a serine. Patterning a monolayer of precursor "director" molecules on length scales ranging from nanometer- to micrometer-length scales simplifies the interpretation of supramolecular assembly. Utilizing the atomic force microscopy (AFM)-based technique of dip-pen nanolithography, thiolated collagen and a collagen-like peptide were patterned at 30--50 nm line widths on evaporated gold surfaces. These are the largest molecules thus far positively printed on a surface at such small-length scales. The method preserved the triple helical structure and biological activity of collagen and even fostered the formation of characteristic higher-levels of structural organization. Nanopatterns were also achieved for unmodified silk protein. A sequence block from the native primary structure of collagen IV, as well as sequences of selected collagen-modifying enzymes, were manipulated through recombinant DNA technology. Collagen IV is found primarily in the basement membrane of cells and typically characterized by a loose "chicken-mesh" network of individual molecules assembled via their end regions. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

  3. Solitary fibrous tumor of the spinal nerve rootlet: report of a case mimicking schwannoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piana, Simonetta; Putrino, Innocenza; Cavazza, Alberto; Nigrisoli, Evandro

    2004-03-01

    We report a case of solitary fibrous tumor involving the spinal nerve root at the L1-L2 level in a 67-year-old man. The patient presented with lumbar pain and weakness in his right lower extremity. Histologically, the tumor was composed of a proliferation of monomorphous spindle cells in an abundant collagenous stroma; neither necrosis nor mitoses were evident. These cells were strongly immunoreactive with CD34, Bcl-2, CD99, and vimentin, but were negative with S100 protein, smooth muscle actin, and epithelial membrane antigen. Such an immunohistochemical profile was consistent with a solitary fibrous tumor of the spinal nerve rootlet and ruled out the main differential diagnoses, schwannoma and meningioma. The present case suggests that solitary fibrous tumor should be considered in differentiating spindle cell lesions of the spinal cord and nerve rootlet. PMID:14987150

  4. Electrospinning polyvinylidene fluoride fibrous membranes containing anti-bacterial drugs used as wound dressing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Ting; Wang, Jingnan; Huang, Peilin; Zeng, Baozhen; Li, Haihong; Cao, Qingyun; Zhang, Shiying; Luo, Zhuo; Deng, David Y B; Zhang, Hongwu; Zhou, Wuyi

    2015-06-01

    The aim of this study was to synthesis drug-loaded fibrous membrane scaffolds for potential applications as wound dressing. Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) fibrous membranes were loaded with enrofloxacin (Enro) drugs by using an electrospinning process, and their mechanical strength, drug release profile and anti-bacterial properties were evaluated. Enro drug-loaded PVDF membranes exhibited good elasticity, flexibility and excellent mechanical strength. The electrospinning Enro/PVDF membranes showed a burst drug release in the initial 12h, followed by sustained release for the next 3 days, which was an essential property for antibiotic drugs applied for wound healing. The drug-loaded PVDF fibrous membranes displayed excellent anti-bacterial activity toward Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The results suggest that electrospinning PVDF membrane scaffolds loaded with drugs can be used as wound dressing. PMID:25936562

  5. Solitary fibrous tumor of the male breast: a case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sessa Fausto

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Extrapleural solitary fibrous tumors are very rare and occasionally they appear in extraserosal soft tissues or parenchymatous organs. In such cases the right preoperative diagnosis is often difficult and challenging, because both radiological and cytological examinations are not exhaustive. For these reasons, surgical excision is frequently the only way to reach the correct diagnosis and to achieve definitive treatment. A few cases of solitary fibrous tumors have been also described in the breast. Although rare, this lesion opens difficulties in preoperative diagnosis entering in differential diagnosis with other benign lesions as well as with breast cancer. In this article we describe a case of a solitary fibrous tumor of the breast in a 49-year-old man. Problems related to differential diagnosis and the possible pitfalls that can be encountered in the diagnostic iter of such rare tumor are discussed.

  6. Serum tumour markers in malignant mesothelioma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rao Pallavi

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Malignant mesothelioma is a rare malignancy of the body cavities with dismal prognosis. It has been a diagnostic dilemma for years with many clinical and pathological mimics. Discovery of a reliable tumour marker will definitely be of value in screening individuals with a history of asbestos exposure, diagnosis, treatment and follow up of malignant mesothelioma. Many tumour markers have been studied and speculatively associated with the malignant mesothelioma, but much still needs to be proven.

  7. MALIGNANT GROWTH MAXILLA MANAGEMENT AN ANALYSIS

    OpenAIRE

    Balasubramanian Thiagarajan; Geetha Ramamoorthy

    2013-01-01

    Malignant tumors involving maxilla is rather rare. This comprises about 1% of all malignant tumors seen in humans. This tumor constitutes roughly 3% of all head and neck malignancies. This article discusses our experience in managing patients with malignant tumors of maxilla. All our patients underwent total maxillectomy followed by post operative irradiation. Mean survival rates of our patients ranged from 2.5 years to 3 years. Survival rates were also dependent on the histology of the tumor...

  8. Serum ferritin in liver and bone malignancy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Serum ferritin concentration is increased during iron overload, however, during chronic infection and malignant diseases as well. In 383 patients with proven malignancy or suspicion of a malignant disease liver and/or bone scans were performed and serum ferritin was measured in addition. Although there exists a certain linkage between the tumorous disease and serum ferritin level, a definite correlation does not exist. Furthermore serum ferritin is not a measure to differentiate between infectious and malignant diseases. (orig.)

  9. Dedifferentiated parosteal osteosarcoma with giant cell tumor component

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dedifferentiated parosteal osteosarcoma is characterized histologically by the admixture of low-grade fibroblastic osteosarcoma and a high-grade component typically resembling conventional osteosarcoma or malignant fibrous histiocytoma. We report an unusual distal femoral dedifferentiated parosteal osteosarcoma in which the dedifferentiated component resembled a giant cell tumor of bone. This phenotype is rarely described in the dedifferentiated component of a dedifferentiated parosteal osteosarcoma. The clinical, radiographic, and pathologic features of this unusual tumor are described to further expand the histologic spectrum of dedifferentiated parosteal osteosarcoma. (orig.)

  10. Postirradiation osteosarcoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We are reporting a case of postirradiation osteosarcoma. A seventy-six-year-old female was admitted to Kumamoto University Hospital in 1978 because of tumor of right Knee. This soft part tumor was resected completely and histological finding were those of Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma. This patient received radiation therapy in the form of cobalt-60 to this region. Dosage was calculated to be 50 Gy. In 1984, she was admitted for the tumor of right tibia. X-ray revealed severe osteoblastic change. Amputation above knee was performed and examination of the surgical specimen showed findings of osteosarcoma. We thought this tumor was postirradiation osteosarcoma corresponding to Arlen's criteria. (author)

  11. Imaging of thoracic sarcomas of the chest wall, pleura, and lung.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foran, Paul; Colleran, Gabrielle; Madewell, John; O'Sullivan, Paul J

    2011-10-01

    Primary sarcomas of the thorax are uncommon. The purpose of this review is to describe the radiologic findings of sarcomas affecting the thorax, in particular the chest wall, pleura, and lungs. Most primary sarcomas affecting the thorax arise in the chest wall, and the most common sarcomas of the chest wall are chondrosarcoma, osteosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumor, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, and fibrosarcoma. Primary pleural and pulmonary sarcomas are rare. Although histologic analysis is almost always required for accurate diagnosis, imaging is important for staging of these tumors, and several of these tumors have distinctive radiologic features, allowing the radiologist to narrow the differential diagnosis. PMID:21963160

  12. EWSR1-ATF1 chimeric transcript in a myoepithelial tumor of soft tissue: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flucke, Uta; Mentzel, Thomas; Verdijk, Marian A; Slootweg, Pieter J; Creytens, David H; Suurmeijer, Albert J H; Tops, Bastiaan B J

    2012-05-01

    Soft tissue myoepithelial tumors, a recently defined entity, include benign and malignant lesions showing a considerable morphological and immunohistochemical heterogeneity. EWSR1 rearrangements are well recognized in this tumor type, and some of the partner genes have been identified. Herein we describe a soft tissue myoepithelioma arising in the pelvis with an EWSR1-ATF1 fusion, therefore extending the spectrum of partner genes of EWSR1. In addition, this case indicates that there are overlapping genetic features of myoepithelial tumors, clear cell sarcoma, angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma, and hyalinizing clear-cell carcinoma of the salivary gland. PMID:22154050

  13. Electrospun PVdF-based fibrous polymer electrolytes for lithium ion polymer batteries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper discusses the preparation of microporous fibrous membranes from PVdF solutions with different polymer contents, using the electrospinning technique. Electrospun PVdF-based fibrous membranes with average fiber diameters (AFD's) of 0.45-1.38 ?m have an apparent porosity and a mean pore size (MPS) of 80-89% and 1.1-4.3 ?m, respectively. They exhibited a high uptake of the electrolyte solution (320-350%) and a high ionic conductivity of above 1 x 10-3 s/cm at room temperature. Their ionic conductivity increased with the decrease in the AFD of the fibrous membrane due to its high electrolyte uptake. The interaction between the electrolyte molecules and the PVdF with a high crystalline content may have had a minor effect on the lithium ion transfer in the fibrous polymer electrolyte, unlike in a nanoporous gel polymer electrolyte. The fibrous polymer electrolyte that contained a 1 M LiPF6-EC/DMC/DEC (1/1/1 by weight) solution showed a high electrochemical stability of above 5.0 V, which increased with the decrease in the AFD The interfacial resistance (Ri) between the polymer electrolyte and the lithium electrode slightly increased with the storage time, compared with the higher increase in the interfacial resistance of other gel polymer electrolytes. The prototype cell (MCMB/PVdF-based fibrous electrolyte/LiCoO2) showed a very stable charge-discharge behavior with a slight capacity loss under constant current and volcity loss under constant current and voltage conditions at the C/2-rate of 20 and 60 deg. C

  14. Anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and cytotoxic activity of fibrous clays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cervini-Silva, Javiera; Nieto-Camacho, Antonio-; Ramírez-Apan, María Teresa; Gómez-Vidales, Virginia; Palacios, Eduardo; Montoya, Ascención; Ronquillo de Jesús, Elba

    2015-05-01

    Produced worldwide at 1.2m tons per year, fibrous clays are used in the production of pet litter, animal feed stuff to roof parcels, construction and rheological additives, and other applications needing to replace long-fiber length asbestos. To the authors' knowledge, however, information on the beneficial effects of fibrous clays on health remains scarce. This paper reports on the anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and cytotoxic activity by sepiolite (Vallecas, Spain) and palygorskite (Torrejon El Rubio, Spain). The anti-inflammatory activity was determined using the 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) methods. Histological cuts were obtained for quantifying leukocytes found in the epidermis. Palygorkite and sepiolite caused edema inhibition and migration of neutrophils ca. 68.64 and 45.54%, and 80 and 65%, respectively. Fibrous clays yielded high rates of infiltration, explained by cleavage of polysomes and exposure of silanol groups. Also, fibrous clays showed high inhibition of myeloperoxidase contents shortly after exposure, but decreased sharply afterwards. In contrast, tubular clays caused an increasing inhibition of myeloperoxidase with time. Thus, clay structure restricted the kinetics and mechanism of myeloperoxidase inhibition. Fibrous clays were screened in vitro against human cancer cell lines. Cytotoxicity was determined using the protein-binding dye sulforhodamine B (SRB). Exposing cancer human cells to sepiolite or palygorskite showed growth inhibition varying with cell line. This study shows that fibrous clays served as an effective anti-inflammatory, limited by chemical transfer and cellular-level signals responding exclusively to an early exposure to clay, and cell viability decreasing significantly only after exposure to high concentrations of sepiolite. PMID:25819359

  15. Structured multiphase reactors based on fibrous catalysts: nitrite hydrogenation as a case study

    OpenAIRE

    Holler, V.; Yuranov, I.; Kiwi-minsker, L.; Renken, A.

    2001-01-01

    A reactor concept designed as a bubble column staged with fibrous catalytic layers is tested on pilot-scale for the redn. of nitrite to N by H. CO2 is used to neutralize the hydroxide ions produced during hydrogenation of nitrite. The effective reaction rate was found to depend on the superficial gas velocity ug0. The fibrous catalysts demonstrated a high selectivity towards nitrogen. The influence of the mass transport on the effective kinetics is discussed and the volumetric liq.-solid mass...

  16. Exploiting BSA to Inhibit the Fibrous Aggregation of Magnetic Nanoparticles under an Alternating Magnetic Field

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ning Gu

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The alternating magnetic field was discovered to be capable of inducing the fibrous aggregation of magnetic nanoparticles. However, this anisotropic aggregation may be unfavorable for practical applications. Here, we reported that the adsorption of BSA (bovine serum albumin on the surfaces of magnetic nanoparticles can effectively make the fibrous aggregation of ?-Fe2O3 nanoparticles turn into a more isotropic aggregation in the presence of the alternating magnetic field. Also, the heating curves with and without BSA adsorption under different pH conditions were measured to show the influence of the colloidal aggregation states on the collective calorific behavior of magnetic nanoparticles.

  17. Primary Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Thyroid - Report of a Case and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhigang Song, Chunkai Yu, Xin Song, Lixin Wei, Aijun Liu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT is a rare spindle-cell neoplasm, especially in the thyroid. We report a case of primary solitary fibrous tumor of the thyroid gland in a 37 year-old Chinese man. The tumor was characterized by bland-looking spindle cells admixed with thin and thick collagen fibers. On immunohistochemistry study indicated that tumor cells were diffusely positive for CD34, Bcl-2 and CD99, and negative for Desmin, NSE, SMA, S-100, and CD68. The patient remains well 16 months after excision. The morphologic and immunohistochemical features of the thyroid SFTs are similar to their reported counterparts in other anatomic sites.

  18. Cushing syndrome, sexual precocity, and polyostotic fibrous dysplasia (Albright syndrome) in infancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danon, M; Robboy, S J; Kim, S; Scully, R; Crawford, J D

    1975-12-01

    The sexual precocity of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia is occasionally accompanied by other endocrine disorders, but in only two previous instances has Cushing syndrome been reported. The history of a 6-month-old girl is presented, in whom this syndrome was complicated by congenital Cushings syndrome. Although endocrinopathies of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia have usually been ascribed to a central (hypothalamic) origin, the findings in this patient suggest autonomous hyperfunction of the peripheral endocrine glands, with the Cushing syndrome caused by hyperplastic nodules in the adrenal glands and the precocity by luteinized follicular cysts of the ovary. PMID:171361

  19. Analytical estimation for static deformation of wire ropes with fibrous core

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, K.; Cochran, J. E., Jr.

    1990-01-01

    This paper develops closed-form solutions for the extension of twisted wire ropes with fibrous cores which are subjected to axial forces as well as axial moments. The analytical results are compared with the corresponding numerical results obtained by Costello and Phillips. A close agreement between the two establishes validity of the analytical solutions. Finally, an expression for the effective rigidity modulus of wire ropes with fibrous core is obtained in terms of the helix angle and the number of helical wires in the rope for each of the two end conditions.

  20. Monostotic fibrous dysplasia of the spine: report of a case involving a cervical vertebra.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proschek, D; Orler, R; Stauffer, E; Heini, P

    2007-02-01

    Monostotic fibrous dysplasia of the spine is a rare entity. Only 26 cases, of which 11 were located in the cervical spine, are to be found in the literature. We report a 56-year-old male patient with cervicobrachialgia of half year's duration. Radiographs showed a diffuse destruction of the vertebral body and the spinous process of C4. A biopsy of the spinous process confirmed histopathologically a fibrous dysplasia. Due to minor symptoms, no surgical treatment was performed or is planned unless in case of increasing pain, an acute instability or neurological symptoms. PMID:17004074

  1. Antibacterial and anti-adhesion effects of the silver nanoparticles-loaded poly(L-lactide) fibrous membrane

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The complications of tendon injury are frequently compromised by peritendinous adhesions and tendon sheath infection. Physical barriers for anti-adhesion may increase the incidence of postoperative infection. This study was designed to evaluate the potential of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs)-loaded poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) electrospun fibrous membranes to prevent adhesion formation and infection. Results of an in vitro drug release study showed that a burst release was followed by sustained release from electrospun fibrous membranes with a high initial silver content. Fewer fibroblasts adhered to and proliferated on the AgNP-loaded PLLA electrospun fibrous membranes compared with pure PLLA electrospun fibrous membrane. In the antibacterial test, the AgNP-loaded PLLA electrospun fibrous membranes can prevent the adhesion of Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis and Gram-negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Taken together, these results demonstrate that AgNP-loaded PLLA electrospun fibrous membranes have the convenient practical medical potential of reduction of infection and adhesion formation after tendon injury. - Highlights: ? Silver nanoparticles are directly electrospun into PLLA fibrous membrane. ? Long-lasting release of Ag + ions is achieved. ? Cytotoxicity of silver ions benefits the anti-proliferation of physical barriers. ? Broad anti-microbial effect of drug-loaded fibrous membrane is revealed. ? Antibacterial and anti-adhesion effects of the physical barriers are combined

  2. Antibacterial and anti-adhesion effects of the silver nanoparticles-loaded poly(L-lactide) fibrous membrane

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Shen [Department of Orthopaedics, Shanghai Sixth People' s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 600 Yishan Road, Shanghai 200233 (China); Zhao, Jingwen [Orthopedic Institute, Soochow University, 708 Renmin Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215007 (China); School of Biomedical Engineering and Med-X Research Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 1954 Hua Shan Road, Shanghai 200030 (China); Ruan, Hongjiang; Wang, Wei [Department of Orthopaedics, Shanghai Sixth People' s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 600 Yishan Road, Shanghai 200233 (China); Wu, Tianyi [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 2nd Affiliated hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing Medical University, 121 Jiang Jia Yuan, Nanjing 210011 (China); Cui, Wenguo, E-mail: wgcui80@hotmail.com [Orthopedic Institute, Soochow University, 708 Renmin Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215007 (China); School of Biomedical Engineering and Med-X Research Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 1954 Hua Shan Road, Shanghai 200030 (China); Fan, Cunyi, E-mail: fancunyi888@hotmail.com [Department of Orthopaedics, Shanghai Sixth People' s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 600 Yishan Road, Shanghai 200233 (China)

    2013-04-01

    The complications of tendon injury are frequently compromised by peritendinous adhesions and tendon sheath infection. Physical barriers for anti-adhesion may increase the incidence of postoperative infection. This study was designed to evaluate the potential of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs)-loaded poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) electrospun fibrous membranes to prevent adhesion formation and infection. Results of an in vitro drug release study showed that a burst release was followed by sustained release from electrospun fibrous membranes with a high initial silver content. Fewer fibroblasts adhered to and proliferated on the AgNP-loaded PLLA electrospun fibrous membranes compared with pure PLLA electrospun fibrous membrane. In the antibacterial test, the AgNP-loaded PLLA electrospun fibrous membranes can prevent the adhesion of Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis and Gram-negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Taken together, these results demonstrate that AgNP-loaded PLLA electrospun fibrous membranes have the convenient practical medical potential of reduction of infection and adhesion formation after tendon injury. - Highlights: ? Silver nanoparticles are directly electrospun into PLLA fibrous membrane. ? Long-lasting release of Ag + ions is achieved. ? Cytotoxicity of silver ions benefits the anti-proliferation of physical barriers. ? Broad anti-microbial effect of drug-loaded fibrous membrane is revealed. ? Antibacterial and anti-adhesion effects of the physical barriers are combined.

  3. Surgically cured hypoglycemia secondary to pleural solitary fibrous tumour: case report and update review on the Doege-Potter syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalebi Ahmed Y

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The association of paraneoplastic hypoglycemia [Doege-Potter syndrome] and finger clubbing [Pierre-Marie-Bamberg syndrome] with pleural solitary fibrous tumour is rare. We present a previously unpublished but typical example of this rare occurrence together with a detailed updated literature review of previously published cases of pleural SFT discussing the histopathology of SFT; pathophysiology of the hypoglycemia and finger clubbing; treatment and outcome of pleural SFT. The patient, a 57-year-old African male was admitted at our hospital with recurrent episodes of hypoglycemia. He was found to have digital clubbing and decreased breath sounds in the right lower chest but no other significant clinical findings. His insulin level measured during an episode of hypoglycemia was undetectable. Chest radiograph and CT-scan revealed a lobulated mass in the right chest which was diagnosed to be SFT on histology. Surgical excision of the mass resulted in cure of the hypoglycemic episodes and rapid regression of the clubbing. Less than 65 cases of pleural SFT manifesting with hypoglycemia with or without finger-clubbing have been published in the English literature. The mean diameter of these tumours manifesting with hypoglycemia is 20 cm, 54% being benign while 42% were malignant. They predominantly present in the 6th-8th decade, average age of 64 years and a slight male preponderance at 58%. Complete surgical resection remains the most important predictor of clinical outcome in terms of recurrence and metastases, while providing instant cure for the hypoglycemia and rapid resolution of the finger clubbing.

  4. Positron Emission Tomography with 18F-FDG in a Complex Radoidiagnosis of Patients with Malignant Lymphomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.A. Tyutin

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Precise determination of malignant process generalization and the assessment of the response on therapy in patients with malignant lymphomas are of primary importance. Positron Emission Tomography (PET with 18F-FDG due to its unique possibility to detect living tumour cells regardless of the malignancy size is widely used to determine the disease stage, to plan treatment policy, to assess the treatment effectiveness, to reveal relapses, to follow up and make prognoses in patients with Hodgkin’s non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas. Detection of marrow failures and visceral involvement in patients with malignant lymphomas is also an advantage of PET compared to other radiodiagnosis techniques. The method has a dominant role in early assessment of the response on chemotherapy that enables to predict a long-term result of the treatment and if necessary, to change the management. In contrast to structural methods of radiodiagnosis, PET with 18F-FDG can differentiate fibrous tissue, its metabolism level being very low, from tumour tissue with high metabolic level, with high accuracy. It enables to judge if the remission after the treatment is achieved and helps to reveal a recurrent tumour in a long-term patients’ follow-up.

  5. Bronchography in patients with suspected lung malignancy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bronchography and flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FFB) were performed on 95 patients with suspected lung malignancy. Finally, 66 of 95 lesions turned out to be malignant and 29 benign. Bronchographic diagnosis was correct in 46 of 66 cases of cancer (70%) but gave a false negative result in 20 malignant lesions and a false positive result in four benign lesions of which three had pulmonary tuberculosis and one hamartoma of the lung. It is concluded that bronchography is rarely indicated in central malignant lesions. In peripheral lesions bronchographic findings for malignancy are unreliable or negative. (orig.)

  6. Second malignancies and Hodgkin's disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The frequency of secondary malignant neoplasms occurring in patients treated for Hodgkin's disease at the Royal Marsden Hospital between 1963 and 1978 is reported and the literature is reviewed. 730 patients were reviewed and 583 patients permanently resident in the United Kingdom were included in the analysis. The frequency of leukaemia and solid tumors was determined from age- and sex-corrected data from the South Thames Cancer Registry. Thirty-seven malignancies were recorded in 36 patients including 9 leukaemias, 10 lung cancers, 6 skin cancers and 2 non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, all of which were observed in significant excess. When all remaining sites are combined, there was a slight excess but no one site is individually significant. 89 refs.; 6 tabs

  7. Giant melanoacanthoma mimicking malignant melanoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shankar Vikas

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Melanoacanthoma denotes a rare variant of pigmented seborrheic keratosis. A 65-year-old male farmer had pigmented, verrucous, itchy, highly painful, progressively growing irregularly oval plaque on left side of lower back for the past five years. The indurated lesion, measuring maximum diameter 10 cm ? 5 cm, had no discharge, bleeding, ulceration, or associated lymphadenopathy. Dermoscopy showed regular pigmentary network and cribiform pattern of ridges without any feature of malignant melanoma. Histopathology showed well-defined islands of basaloid cells interspersed with large and richly dendritic melanocytes. The lesion was totally excised followed by skin grafting. Our patient was unique in its massive size and clinical resemblance with malignant melanoma. The diagnosis was confirmed by dermoscopy and skin biopsy.

  8. Tuberculosis: a mimicker of malignancy.

    OpenAIRE

    Chethan R RAYKAR; Naing, Thet; Panduru Venkata KISHORE; Vui Heng CHONG.

    2012-01-01

    Tuberculosis infection remains an important cause of mortality. The clinical and radiological manifestations can be non-specific and resemble many other conditions, including malignancies. This could lead to diagnostic delay. We report the case of a 48-year-old woman with tuberculosis presenting with a right upper lobe mass manifesting as metastatic lung cancer. She also had liver cirrhosis secondary to chronic hepatitis B infection. She developed hepatitis two weeks into her tuberculosis tre...

  9. Oncolytic Virotherapy for Hematological Malignancies

    OpenAIRE

    Swarna Bais; Eric Bartee; Rahman, Masmudur M; Grant McFadden; Cogle, Christopher R.

    2011-01-01

    Hematological malignancies such as leukemias, lymphomas, multiple myeloma (MM), and the myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) primarily affect adults and are difficult to treat. For high-risk disease, hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HCT) can be used. However, in the setting of autologous HCT, relapse due to contamination of the autograft with cancer cells remains a major challenge. Ex vivo manipulations of the autograft to purge cancer cells using chemotherapies and toxins have been attempted....

  10. Systemic radiotherapy in malignant lymphomas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Different methods of systemic radiotherapy (SRT) in malignant lymphomas, when the whole body of a patient or his considerable part was subjected to radiation action. Perspective SRT application especially in combination with autologic transplantation of bone marrow (TBM) is shown. Possibilities of whole-body radiation (WBR) and its modifications in an independent variant under different conditions of fractionating are studied. Advantages of WBR application under multifractionating condition to decrease the frequency of pulmonitises, infectious complications and therapy tolerance are marked

  11. Foramen magnum metastatic malignant melanoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pai S

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The foramen magnum as a site for brain metastasis is extremely rare. We report the case of a 24-year-old male who presented with features of increased intracranial pressure and lower cranial nerve palsies. Imaging revealed a foramen magnum tumor with extension up to the cerebellar vermis superiorly and into the spinal canal inferiorly (craniospinal mass with mild obstructive hydrocephalus. A malignant melanoma was completely excised. The patient continued to be tumor-free 24 months later.

  12. Oncolytic poliovirus against malignant glioma

    OpenAIRE

    Goetz, Christian; Dobrikova, Elena; Shveygert, Mayya; Dobrikov, Mikhail; Gromeier, Matthias

    2011-01-01

    In cancerous cells, physiologically tight regulation of protein synthesis is lost, contributing to uncontrolled growth and proliferation. We describe a novel experimental cancer therapy approach based on genetically recombinant poliovirus that targets an intriguing aberration of translation control in malignancy. This strategy is based on the confluence of several factors enabling specific and efficacious cancer cell targeting. Poliovirus naturally targets the vast majority of ectodermal/neur...

  13. Malignant Melanoma of Gastroesophageal Junction.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arvind Kohli, Anita Kohli, Kuldeep Singh, Gurjeet Singh

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available A rare case of malignant melanoma arising from the gastroesophageal junction is being reported.Since part of the tumor was adherent with hiatus, palliative procedure in form of Mousseau Barbintube insertion was necessitated. Postoperatively patient was subjected to radiotherapy. Malignantmelanoma of gastroesophageal junction is rare accounting for only 0.1% of the lesions of this region.Surgical treatment requires a far greater margin of excision than the usual squamous cell carcinoma.Intracavitary radiotherapy has been recommended.

  14. Malignant Melanoma of Gastroesophageal Junction.

    OpenAIRE

    Arvind Kohli, Anita Kohli, Kuldeep Singh, Gurjeet Singh

    2004-01-01

    A rare case of malignant melanoma arising from the gastroesophageal junction is being reported.Since part of the tumor was adherent with hiatus, palliative procedure in form of Mousseau Barbintube insertion was necessitated. Postoperatively patient was subjected to radiotherapy. Malignantmelanoma of gastroesophageal junction is rare accounting for only 0.1% of the lesions of this region.Surgical treatment requires a far greater margin of excision than the usual squamous cell carcinoma.Intraca...

  15. Malignant endobronchial lesions of adolescence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rare primary endobronchial malignancies were diagnosed in four adolescents: atypical bronchial carcinoid, mucoepidermoid carcinoma, bronchogenic (squamous cell) carcinoma, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Metastatic disease was evident in each case. Three of the four patients died within one year of diagnosis. This paper describes each of these entities, illustrates their plain film and CT abnormalities (bronchial 'cut-off', hilar mass, local congestive edema, lobar collapse, hyperinflation), and discusses the utility of CT in their diagnosis. (orig.)

  16. Radiotherapy resistance of malignant melanoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The efficiency of radiotherapy of malignant melanoma is discussed according to observations by other clinicians and ourselves. There is no proof that the melanoma is radiotherapy-resistant. The clinical radiosensitivity of human melanoma can be compared with the experimental hamster or mice melanoma or with the sensitivity of cultured melanoma cells. The possibility of increasing the efficiency of radiotherapy in the future by electroaffine sensitizers, fast electrons, or neutrons with a high LET and a small OER is mentioned. (orig.)

  17. Chemotherapy of advanced malignant teratomas.

    OpenAIRE

    Newlands, E S; Begent, R. H.; Kaye, S.B.; Rustin, G. J.; Bagshawe, K. D.

    1980-01-01

    Between 1977 and November 1979 we have treated 53 patients with malignant teratomas (43 males, 10 females). Thirty (70%) out of the 43 male patients had advanced and bulky disease at the time of presentation. Using different drug combinations in a sequential manner as described below, results are as follows: of the initial 33 male patients, 22 (67%) have discontinued treatment (mean 9.5 months). Nineteen have responded completely and 3 have static computed tomography (CT) nodules. Life-table ...

  18. Malignant tumors of urogenital system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Classifications (international morphological one and classification according to TNM system, domestic clinical classification according to stages) of malignant tumors of urogenital system are presented. Clinical picture and diagnosis of carcinoma of kidney, urinary bladder, prostate and testicle tumors are described. It is shown that treatment of tumors of the given localization should be complex one, including radiological, surgical and medicamentous components. Succession and intensity of each of applied methods of treatment are determined according to tumor localization (prostate, urinary bladder, testicle, kidney)

  19. Malignant tumours of the vulva

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The thesis analyses 317 patients with vulvar malignancies treated at the University Hospital, Lund, during 1960-1979. The three most common histological types of malignancy have been analysed. The oncological clinic in Lund has since the 1960's used a surgical technique where the primary tumour and the regional lymph nodes are operated on in two separate surgical seances. The vulvectomy is performed with tarm knife technique, and the wound is left open. The 5-year crude survival rate for the entire patient material treated with curative intention was over 60 %, which agrees well with reports from other centres. Our surgical approach using two separate seances has, however, much lower rates of postoperative complications and mortality than the rates in other reports. The overall most important prognostic factors for the patients with invasive vulvar malignancies are the presence of lymphatic metastases at the time of surgery, and the surgical radicality of the primary surgery. The treatment at most stages of tumour development and most histological types should include total vulvectomy preoperative irradiation of the inguinal lymph nodes, and inguinal lymphadenectomy. Only local extirpation and hemivulvectomy are, however, indicated for small microinvasively growing squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma. Samll invasive onesided squamous cell carcinoma is best treated with ipsilateral surgery combined with preoperative irradiation of the inguinal lymph nodes. Patients with metastases in the inguinal lymph nodes should receive additional irradiation of the inguinal and pelvic lymph node stations. (Author)

  20. Malignant melanoma in a cow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mesari? M.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A malignant melanoma located in the area of the ocular orbit and maxillary sinus of a 2,5 year old, female Brown Swiss cow is described. Complete clinical examination of the cow was performed and blood samples were taken for haematological analyses. According to the unfavorable prognosis, the cow was submitted for necropsy. After necropsy representative sections of tissue were sampled for gross and micro histopathology. Selected sections of tissue were stained with hematoxylin and eosin. Clinical examination of the cow revealed exophthalmus of the right eye, deviation of right maxillae and os faciale and progressive central nerve signs. At the necropsy a black tarry irregular mass, 10 cm in diameter was found in the area of the right orbit and maxillary sinuses protruding into the nasal conches and meninges. Multiple metastases were secondarly located in the heart, liver, spleen lung and brain. Histologically the malignant melanoma was composed of melanocytic tumor cells and located in the described organs. Based on clinical and histological examinations we concluded, that the tumor mass was a malignant melanoma of the epithelioid type. The primary origin of the tumor was probably the right eye.

  1. Physiologic upper limit of pore size in the blood-tumor barrier of malignant solid tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Griffiths Gary L

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The existence of large pores in the blood-tumor barrier (BTB of malignant solid tumor microvasculature makes the blood-tumor barrier more permeable to macromolecules than the endothelial barrier of most normal tissue microvasculature. The BTB of malignant solid tumors growing outside the brain, in peripheral tissues, is more permeable than that of similar tumors growing inside the brain. This has been previously attributed to the larger anatomic sizes of the pores within the BTB of peripheral tumors. Since in the physiological state in vivo a fibrous glycocalyx layer coats the pores of the BTB, it is possible that the effective physiologic pore size in the BTB of brain tumors and peripheral tumors is similar. If this were the case, then the higher permeability of the BTB of peripheral tumor would be attributable to the presence of a greater number of pores in the BTB of peripheral tumors. In this study, we probed in vivo the upper limit of pore size in the BTB of rodent malignant gliomas grown inside the brain, the orthotopic site, as well as outside the brain in temporalis skeletal muscle, the ectopic site. Methods Generation 5 (G5 through generation 8 (G8 polyamidoamine dendrimers were labeled with gadolinium (Gd-diethyltriaminepentaacetic acid, an anionic MRI contrast agent. The respective Gd-dendrimer generations were visualized in vitro by scanning transmission electron microscopy. Following intravenous infusion of the respective Gd-dendrimer generations (Gd-G5, N = 6; Gd-G6, N = 6; Gd-G7, N = 5; Gd-G8, N = 5 the blood and tumor tissue pharmacokinetics of the Gd-dendrimer generations were visualized in vivo over 600 to 700 minutes by dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI. One additional animal was imaged in each Gd-dendrimer generation group for 175 minutes under continuous anesthesia for the creation of voxel-by-voxel Gd concentration maps. Results The estimated diameters of Gd-G7 dendrimers were 11 ± 1 nm and those of Gd-G8 dendrimers were 13 ± 1 nm. The BTB of ectopic RG-2 gliomas was more permeable than the BTB of orthotopic RG-2 gliomas to all Gd-dendrimer generations except for Gd-G8. The BTB of both ectopic RG-2 gliomas and orthotopic RG-2 gliomas was not permeable to Gd-G8 dendrimers. Conclusion The physiologic upper limit of pore size in the BTB of malignant solid tumor microvasculature is approximately 12 nanometers. In the physiologic state in vivo the luminal fibrous glycocalyx of the BTB of malignant brain tumor and peripheral tumors is the primary impediment to the effective transvascular transport of particles across the BTB of malignant solid tumor microvasculature independent of tumor host site. The higher permeability of malignant peripheral tumor microvasculature to macromolecules smaller than approximately 12 nm in diameter is attributable to the presence of a greater number of pores underlying the glycocalyx of the BTB of malignant peripheral tumor microvasculature.

  2. Flexural Behaviour of Reinforced Fibrous Concrete Beams: Experiments and Analytical Modelling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Flexural behaviour of reinforced fibrous concrete beams was investigated in this research study. Two types of metallic fibers were studied: amorphous metallic fibers (FibraFlex fibers), and carbon steel hooked-end fibers (Dramix fibers). Four types of reinforced concretes were made: one control (without fibers) and three fibrous. Among three reinforced fibrous concretes, two contained fibers in mono form and one contained fibers in hybrid form. The total quantity of fibers in mono and hybrid forms was 20 kg/m3 and 40 kg/m3, respectively. Three point bending tests were performed according to European standards NF EN 14651 on beams of 150 x 150 mm cross section and length of 550 mm. The results showed that due to positive synergetic interaction between the two metallic fibers used, reinforced fibrous concret (RFC) beams containing fibers in hybrid form exhibited better response at all loading stages. Analytical model to predict ultimate moment capacity of the RFC beam of rectangular section was developed and is presented in this paper. Analytical results for ultimate moment were found to be in good agreement with experimental results. (author)

  3. Acoustic and Visul Study of Bubble Formation Processes in Bubble Columns Staged with Fibrous Catalytic Layers.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Höller, V.; R?ži?ka, Marek; Drahoš, Ji?í; Kiwi-Minsker, L.; Renken, A.

    79-80, - (2003), s. 151-157. ISSN 0920-5861 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z4072921 Keywords : bubble formation * fibrous catalytic layers * staged bubble column Subject RIV: CI - Industrial Chemistry, Chemical Engineering Impact factor: 2.627, year: 2003

  4. The Modified Fibrous Material on the Basis of Polyethyleneterephthalate and Metal / Carbon Nanostructures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu.M. Vasilchenko

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Results of theoretical justification and experimental receiving a fibrous material on the basis of the polyethyleneterephthalate, modified metal/carbon nanostructuresare, presented in article. Possibility of receiving the polymeric fibers possessing the increased durability and sorption ability in comparison with not modified fibers is established.

  5. Biodegradable fibrous scaffolds with diverse properties by electrospinning candidates from a combinatorial macromer library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metter, Robert B; Ifkovits, Jamie L; Hou, Kevin; Vincent, Ludovic; Hsu, Benjamin; Wang, Louis; Mauck, Robert L; Burdick, Jason A

    2010-04-01

    The properties of electrospun fibrous scaffolds, including degradation, mechanics and cellular interactions, are important for their use in tissue engineering applications. Although some diversity has been obtained previously in fibrous scaffolds, optimization of scaffold properties relies on iterative techniques in both polymer synthesis and processing. Here, we electrospun candidates from a combinatorial library of biodegradable and photopolymerizable poly(beta-amino ester)s (PBAEs) to show that the diversity in properties found in this library is retained when processed into fibrous scaffolds. Specifically, three PBAE macromers were electrospun into scaffolds and possessed similar initial mechanical properties, but exhibited mass loss ranging from rapid (complete degradation within approximately 2 weeks) to moderate (complete degradation within approximately 3 months) to slow (only partial degradation after 3 months). These trends in mechanics and degradation mimicked what was previously observed in the bulk polymers. Although cellular adhesion was dependent on the polymer composition in films, adhesion to scaffolds that were electrospun with gelatin was similar on all formulations and controls. To further illustrate the diverse properties that are attainable in these systems, the fastest and slowest degrading polymers were electrospun together into one scaffold, but as distinct fiber populations. This dual-polymer scaffold exhibited behavior in mass loss and mechanics with time that fell between the single-polymer scaffolds. In general, this work indicates that combinatorial libraries may be an important source of information and specific polymer compositions for the fabrication of electrospun fibrous scaffolds with tunable properties. PMID:19853066

  6. 68Ga DOTATATE PET/CT imaging of a solitary fibrous tumor of the nasopharynx.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parghane, Rahul Vithalrao; Agrawal, Kanhaiyalal; Mittal, Bhagwant Rai; Shukla, Jaya; Bhattacharya, Anish; Gupta, Ashok

    2014-08-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare group of mesenchymal tumors that occurs predominantly in the pleura. The role of PET/CT imaging in characterizing the SFT is not well reported. Mesenchymal tumors may express somatostatin receptors. We hereby report a rare case of SFT of the nasopharynx showing Ga DOTATATE avidity. PMID:24152636

  7. Flight Performance of an Advanced Thermal Protection Material: Toughened Uni-Piece Fibrous Insulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leiser, Daniel B.; Gordon, Michael P.; Rasky, Daniel J. (Technical Monitor)

    1995-01-01

    The flight performance of a new class of low density, high temperature thermal protection materials (TPM) is described and compared to "standard" Space Shuttle TPM. This new functionally gradient material designated as Toughened Uni-Piece Fibrous Insulation (TUFI), was bonded on a removable panel attached to the base heat shield of Orbiter 105, Endeavour.

  8. An Incidentally Detected Solitary Fibrous Tumor on 99mTc-Sestamibi Myocardial Perfusion Imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hua, Qian; Ni, Jianming

    2015-06-01

    A 55-year-old woman with a mild transient chest pain but normal laboratory examination results underwent Tc-sestamibi myocardial perfusion imaging. An abnormal nodular radioactive uptake, which appeared protruding from the anterior segments, was detected. This activity was later proved to be benign solitary fibrous tumor of pleura after histopathological examination after the surgical exploration. PMID:25706789

  9. Non-contact ultrasonic technique for rapid and advanced analysis of fibrous materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Periyaswamy, T.; Lerch, T. P.; Balasubramanian, K.

    2012-05-01

    Fibrous ensembles are, typically, multi-scale flexible assemblies with unique physical and rheological properties, unlike continuum materials. Macroscopic behaviors of these materials are greatly the result of non-linear interactions at the micro levels. These micro-scale interactions can be assessed by capturing the material behavior under low mechanical stress conditions. While ultrasonic based non-destructive testing was suitably implemented for continuum materials, their application to fibrous structures was limited primarily due to the inherent structural arrangements of these unique assemblies. Discontinuities, non-uniform orientations and multi-phase components make these ensembles difficult to study using the existing scan-based methods. This work presents a novel rapid and advanced analysis tool for complex fibrous systems using a noncontact air-coupled ultrasonic system. Five characteristic features of ultrasound signals transmitted through fibrous structures were studied, i.e., dampness in signal flight, signal velocity, power spectral density, signal power and rate of amplitude attenuation. Analysis of these features under two different acoustic frequencies, 500 kHz and 1 MHz, allowed us to study the componentized behavior of these materials for three of the key mechanical properties including bending rigidity, shear rigidity and low stress tensile stress. A material response index (MRI) was also derived using the signal features.

  10. Inhibition of fibrous adhesion formation in the temporomandibular joint of tenascin-C knockout mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Shinohara

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Tenascin-C (TNC is a large hexameric extracellular matrix glycoprotein that is expressed in developing organs and tumors. It has been reported that TNC is expressed in inflamed synovial membranes and deformed discs of temporomandibular joint (TMJ disorder. However, the role of TNC in TMJ is not fully known. In this study, the role of TNC in fibrous adhesion formation of TMJ was examined using TNC knockout (TNCKO mice. Hypermobility was produced by excessive mouth opening method on the TMJ of both wild-type (WT and TNCKO mice. TMJ wound healing was compared histologically, and the expression of TNC, fibronectin (FN and ?-smooth muscle actin (?-SMA in the wounded TMJ was examined by immunohistochemical and immunoblot analyses. Based on histologic analysis, fibrous adhesions were observed in the TMJ of both TNCKO and wild-type (WT mice after excessive mouth opening. However, fibrous adhesion formation in TNCKO mice occurred later than in WT mice. TNC was expressed in the wounded TMJ disc and mandibular fossa. Although FN and ?-SMA expression in the TMJ of TNCKO and WT mice was up-regulated after excessive mouth opening, FN and ?-SMA protein levels were higher in WT mice at the same time points. In the wounded TMJ, TNC appears to enhance the expression of FN and ?-SMA, and a lack of TNC may reduce fibrous adhesion formation in the TMJ. TNC plays an important role in TMJ wound healing, especially for wounds generated by mechanical stress.

  11. Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia and chronic osteomyelitis in a 12-year-old boy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A twelve-year-old boy with double bone pathology (polyostotic fibrous dysplasia and chronic monofocal osteomyelitis), causing radiologic diagnostic difficulties is reported. The nuclear scan which was interpreted with disregard of the patient's history and physical examination lead to erroneous conclusions. Basic clinical signs and symptoms should always be taken into account when more sophisticated examinations are performed

  12. Fractal analysis for effective thermal conductivity of random fibrous porous materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this Letter, a fractal series-parallel model, which included numerous capillary channels both parallel and perpendicular to the heat flow direction, was established to predict the effective thermal conductivity of fibrous porous material (FPM). The prediction results from the proposed model are compared with calculated values from other theoretical models and experimental data.

  13. Fractal analysis for effective thermal conductivity of random fibrous porous materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhu Fanglong [College of Textile, Zhongyuan University of Technology (China) and College of Textile, Donghua University (China); Cui Shizhong [College of Textile, Zhongyuan University of Technology (China); Gu Bohong [College of Textile, Donghua University (China)

    2010-09-27

    In this Letter, a fractal series-parallel model, which included numerous capillary channels both parallel and perpendicular to the heat flow direction, was established to predict the effective thermal conductivity of fibrous porous material (FPM). The prediction results from the proposed model are compared with calculated values from other theoretical models and experimental data.

  14. Experimental and theoretical studies on high-temperature thermal properties of fibrous insulation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the present paper, an experimental apparatus has been developed to measure heat transfer through high-alumina fibrous insulation for thermal protection system. Effective thermal conductivities of the fibrous insulation were measured over a wide range of temperature (300-973 K) and pressure (10-2-105 Pa) using the developed apparatus. The specific heat and the transmittance spectra in the wavelength range of 2.5-25 ?m were also measured. The spectral extinction coefficients and Rosseland mean extinction coefficients were obtained from transmittance data at various temperatures to investigate the radiative heat transfer in fibrous insulation. A one-dimensional finite volume numerical model combined radiation and conduction heat transfer was developed to predict the behavior of the effective thermal conductivity of the fibrous insulation at various temperatures and pressures. The two-flux approximation was used to model the radiation heat transfer through the insulation. The experimentally measured specific heat and Rosseland mean extinction coefficients were used in the numerical heat transfer model to calculate the effective thermal conductivity. The average deviation between the numerical results for different values of albedo of scattering and the experimental results was investigated. The numerical results for ?=1 and experimental data were compared. It was found that the calculated values corresponded with the experimental values within aed with the experimental values within an average of 13.5 percent. Numerical results were consistent with experimental results through the environmental conditions under examination

  15. Silk fibroin/sodium alginate fibrous hydrogels regulated hydroxyapatite crystal growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ming, Jinfa; Jiang, Zhijuan; Wang, Peng; Bie, Shiyu; Zuo, Baoqi

    2015-06-01

    Use of organic templates for controlling the growth of inorganic crystals is one of the research topics in biomimetic field. In particular, oriented growth of hydroxyapatite (HAp) in organic fibrous matrix is provided a new view angle to study biomineralization of bone and its potential biomedical applications. The crystallization of HAp in fibrous hydrogels could mimic such biomineralization. In this paper, we report HAp nanorod crystal synthesized successfully by a biomimetic method using calcium chloride and ammonium dihydrogen phosphate as reagents in the presence of silk fibroin/sodium alginate (SF/SA) fibrous hydrogels. The effects of influence factors such as mineral times, pH, and temperature on controlling HAp nanorod crystals are discussed. The elongated HAp nanorods with rectangular column are grown with the increase of mineral times in biomimetic process. By changing pH, HAp nanorod crystals are obtained at alkaline condition in fibrous hydrogels. Moreover, compared to other temperatures, rod-shaped HAp crystals were formed at 20°C. The results imply this to be an effective method for preparing HAp crystals with controllable morphology for bone repair application. PMID:25842137

  16. Dissolving behavior and calcium release from fibrous wollastonite in acetic acid solution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The degradability of fibrous wollastonite (CaSiO3) in an aqueous solution of acetic acid and leaching of Ca2+ ions were investigated in the temperature range from 22 to 50 oC. The Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES) was used for the assessment of calcium and other selected cations in the leaching medium. The amount of calcium in the solvent can be significantly enhanced through leaching at higher temperature. Fibrous silica particles are the main by-product of the leaching process. The properties of by-product were examined by thermal analysis (simultaneous TG-DTA-EGA), infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The formation of silica layer on the surface of fibrous wollastonite particles is an important factor in the leaching process. Particles were covered by the silica layer and wollastonite core size was continually decreasing during leaching. The shape of resulting silica particles shows no significant changes during this process. Specific surface of the formed fibrous silica particles strongly depends on the leaching temperature.

  17. Fibrous Hamartoma of Infancy: A Firm Plaque Presenting with Hypertrichosis and Hyperhidrosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melnick, Laura; Berger, Emily M; Elenitsas, Rosalie; Chachkin, Samuel; Treat, James R

    2015-07-01

    Fibrous hamartoma of infancy (FHI) is a rare, benign, soft tissue tumor. The lesion's clinical resemblance to more aggressive soft tissue tumors of childhood makes histologic diagnosis paramount. We report a unique presentation of a FHI associated with localized hypertrichosis and hyperhidrosis. PMID:25660371

  18. Radiation Therapy With or Without Combination Chemotherapy or Pazopanib Hydrochloride Before Surgery in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Non-Rhabdomyosarcoma Soft Tissue Sarcomas That Can Be Removed by Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-06

    Adult Fibrosarcoma; Alveolar Soft Part Sarcoma; Angiomatoid Fibrous Histiocytoma; Atypical Fibroxanthoma; Clear Cell Sarcoma of Soft Tissue; Epithelioid Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor; Epithelioid Sarcoma; Extraskeletal Myxoid Chondrosarcoma; Extraskeletal Osteosarcoma; Fibrohistiocytic Neoplasm; Glomus Tumor of the Skin; Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor; Intimal Sarcoma; Leiomyosarcoma; Liposarcoma; Low Grade Fibromyxoid Sarcoma; Low Grade Myofibroblastic Sarcoma; Malignant Cutaneous Granular Cell Tumor; Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor; Malignant Triton Tumor; Mesenchymal Chondrosarcoma; Myxofibrosarcoma; Myxoid Chondrosarcoma; Myxoinflammatory Fibroblastic Sarcoma; Neoplasm With Perivascular Epithelioid Cell Differentiation; Nerve Sheath Neoplasm; Pericytic Neoplasm; Plexiform Fibrohistiocytic Tumor; Sclerosing Epithelioid Fibrosarcoma; Stage IB Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Stage IIB Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Stage III Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Stage IV Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Synovial Sarcoma; Unclassified Pleomorphic Sarcoma of Bone; Undifferentiated (Embryonal) Sarcoma

  19. Combined Heat Transfer in High-Porosity High-Temperature Fibrous Insulations: Theory and Experimental Validation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daryabeigi, Kamran; Cunnington, George R.; Miller, Steve D.; Knutson, Jeffry R.

    2010-01-01

    Combined radiation and conduction heat transfer through various high-temperature, high-porosity, unbonded (loose) fibrous insulations was modeled based on first principles. The diffusion approximation was used for modeling the radiation component of heat transfer in the optically thick insulations. The relevant parameters needed for the heat transfer model were derived from experimental data. Semi-empirical formulations were used to model the solid conduction contribution of heat transfer in fibrous insulations with the relevant parameters inferred from thermal conductivity measurements at cryogenic temperatures in a vacuum. The specific extinction coefficient for radiation heat transfer was obtained from high-temperature steady-state thermal measurements with large temperature gradients maintained across the sample thickness in a vacuum. Standard gas conduction modeling was used in the heat transfer formulation. This heat transfer modeling methodology was applied to silica, two types of alumina, and a zirconia-based fibrous insulation, and to a variation of opacified fibrous insulation (OFI). OFI is a class of insulations manufactured by embedding efficient ceramic opacifiers in various unbonded fibrous insulations to significantly attenuate the radiation component of heat transfer. The heat transfer modeling methodology was validated by comparison with more rigorous analytical solutions and with standard thermal conductivity measurements. The validated heat transfer model is applicable to various densities of these high-porosity insulations as long as the fiber properties are the same (index of refraction, size distribution, orientation, and length). Furthermore, the heat transfer data for these insulations can be obtained at any static pressure in any working gas environment without the need to perform tests in various gases at various pressures.

  20. Paratesticular fibrous pseudotumor: a morphologic and immunohistochemical study of 13 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyamoto, Hiroshi; Montgomery, Elizabeth A; Epstein, Jonathan I

    2010-04-01

    Paratesticular fibrous pseudotumor is a rare intrascrotal fibrous proliferation for which numerous synonyms have been proposed. Immunohistochemical staining was done in 13 cases identified by a database search (2000 to 2008) at our institution. All men (19 to 75 y old, mean 41.9 y) presented with scrotal masses, 6 patients also had hydroceles. Six men were treated by orchiectomy, whereas the remaining 7 men underwent excisional biopsy. Histologically, lesions were subdivided into 3 types: (1) "plaque-like" consisting of dense fibrous tissue with clefts without significant inflammation identical to a pleural plaque (5 cases); (2) "inflammatory sclerotic" with dense fibrous tissue containing lymphocytes (diffusely or aggregates or germinal centers), plasma cells, and an increased capillary network (6 cases); and (3) "myofibroblastic" consisting of reactive looking tissue-culture-like spindle cells with numerous capillaries and sparse chronic inflammation (2 cases). Stains for smooth muscle actin were positive in 11/13 (84.6%) cases, whereas desmin was positive in 4/13 (30.8%) cases. Stains for cytokeratin AE1/AE3, calretinin, and CD34 were positive in 7/13 (53.8%), 6/13 (46.2%), and 7/13 (53.8%) cases, respectively. All cases were negative for beta-catenin and ALK-1. Ki-67 showed a proliferation index of beta-catenin and ALK-1, respectively. However, as not all IMTs react with ALK and we had only 2 cases with a myofibroblastic appearance, we cannot definitively exclude the possibility that this subtype of paratesticular fibrous pseudotumor is related to IMT. Although this lesion has different histologic patterns, presently it is not warranted to split it into 3 separate entities as all share the same clinical presentation, are biologically benign, and lack consistent immunohistochemical differences. PMID:20216379

  1. Fourth ventricular solitary fibrous tumor: a case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Congli

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Solitary fibrous tumors of the central nervous system usually present as dura-based masses and clinically resemble meningiomas. There are very few reported cases of intra-ventricular solitary fibrous tumors, particularly in the fourth ventricle. Case presentation Our patient was a 52-year-old African-American man, who presented to our facility with a two-month history of progressive weakness and numbness in all extremities. A computed tomography scan and brain magnetic resonance imaging scan revealed a homogeneous, avidly enhancing 4.5 × 3.7 × 2.7cm fourth ventricular mass, with compression of adjacent medulla and cerebellum and extension into the foramen of Luschka. Our patient underwent a suboccipital craniotomy and resection of the tumor. A histological examination showed a spindle cell neoplasm with prominent collagenized stroma. The neoplastic cells were strongly and diffusely positive for CD34, vimentin and Bcl-2, and negative for S-100, CD99 and epithelial membrane antigen. The molecular immunology Borstel-1 (MIB-1 proliferation index was low (1%. CD31 immunostain highlighted the endothelial cells but the spindle cells were negative. Reticulin stain demonstrated a moderate reticulin network but individual cells were not invested by reticulin fibers. The histological features and immunoprofile was consistent with a solitary fibrous tumor. Conclusions In the central nervous system, solitary fibrous tumors are usually indolent tumors, with only rare examples showing hypercellularity and increased mitotic activity; features that were absent in our patient’s case. We present an uncommon central nervous system neoplasm in a rare location. Although uncommon, solitary fibrous tumors should be included in the differential diagnosis of intra-ventricular tumors in adults.

  2. Radiation biology of malignant melanoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The survival curves for melanoma cells exposed to single radiation doses in vitro and the specific growth delays for melanoma xenografts irradiated with single doses in vivo were found to differ considerably among individual cell lines and tumours. In fact, the differences could be almost as large as the largest differences observed among cell lines and xenografts from tumours of different histology with very different clinical radiocurability. Moreover, radiobiologic parameters that may have significant influence on tumour response to fractionated irradiation, e.g. growth rate, hypoxic fraction, reoxygenation ability, PLD-repair capacity and contact repair capacity, were found to differ greatly in magnitude among individual melanomas. This review therefore concludes that malignant melanoma is a tumour type that is very heterogeneous in radioresponsiveness, i.e. malignant melanomas should no longer be considered to be radiation resistant in general. The values of the ?/? ratio derived from cell survival curves for melanoma cells irradiated in vitro and melanoma xenografts irradiated in vivo were found to cover a wide range relative to those for acutely and late responding normal tissues. Although these ?/? ratios are no more than estimates of the effective ?/? ratios in a clinical situation, they still indicated that hyperfractionation may be beneficial in the treatment of some melanomas, whereas others may be more efficiently treated by use of conventional frac treated by use of conventional fractionation regimes, either based on 2 Gy or higher doses per fraction. Consequently, optimum radiation therapy of malignant melanoma will probably require an individualized treatment strategy. In vitro assays for prediction of radiocurability and choice of treatment strategy for individual melanoma patients seem therefore highly warranted. (orig.)

  3. Meningeal metastasing of malignant melanomas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two woman patients with malignant melanoma of the skin known from their case history and with acutely emerging neurological symptoms were examined both by CT and by MR tomography (both plain and with intravenous contrast medium). The radiologically derived suspicion of meningioma could not be confirmed by intraoperatively performed histological examination. In both cases the patients had meningeal melanoma metastases with low melanin content and without noticeable bleeding into the metastases. MR diagnosis is rendered difficult by the absence of paramagnetic substances typical of melanoma metastases. Hence, if the case history is known, it should be considered whether there is meningeal metastasising with atypical histology. (orig.)

  4. Postirradiation malignant salivary gland tumor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Information concerning the relationship between salivary gland tumors and prior exposure to radiation for benign conditions or by accident is slowly being gathered. As yet, no statistical confidence can be established in this relationship. Very likely, this confidence will require studies akin to those done on the problem of thyroid cancer and irradiation. Including the case reported here, 50 tumors of the salivary glands have been reported to have followed prior radiation exposure. Twenty-three of these tumors have been malignant, with the mucoepidermoid carcinoma the most frequent histological type. The latent period in salivary tissues is 20 or more years

  5. Advances in diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma

    OpenAIRE

    Tristan D. Yan; Raffit Hassan; Laura Welch; Paul H. Sugarbaker

    2011-01-01

    Malignant mesothelioma is a highly aggressive neoplasm. The incidence of malignant mesothelioma is increasing worldwide. Diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (DMPM) represents one-fourth of all mesotheliomas. Association of asbestos exposure with DMPM has been observed, especially in males. A great majority of patients present with abdominal pain and distension, caused by accumulation of tumors and ascitic fluid. In the past, DMPM was considered a pre-terminal condition; therefore attrac...

  6. From Melanocyte to Metastatic Malignant Melanoma

    OpenAIRE

    Bizhan Bandarchi; Linglei Ma; Roya Navab; Arun Seth; Golnar Rasty

    2010-01-01

    Malignant melanoma is one of the most aggressive malignancies in human and is responsible for almost 60% of lethal skin tumors. Its incidence has been increasing in white population in the past two decades. There is a complex interaction of environmental (exogenous) and endogenous, including genetic, risk factors in developing malignant melanoma. 8–12% of familial melanomas occur in a familial setting related to mutation of the CDKN2A gene that encodes p16. The aim of ...

  7. Mistletoe in the treatment of malignant melanoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esin Sakall? Çetin

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Malignant melanoma is a malignant neoplasia drives from melanocytes. Malignant melanoma, the most causing death, is seen in the third place at skin cancer. Malignant melanoma shows intrinsic resistance to chemotherapeutic agents and variability in the course of the disease which are distinct features separating from other solid tumors. These features prevent the development and standardization of non-surgical treatment models of malignant melanoma. Although there is a large number of chemotherapeutic agents used in the treatment of metastatic malignant melanoma, it hasn’t been demonstrated the survival advantage of adjuvant treatment with chemotherapeutic agents. Because of the different clinical course of malignant melanoma, the disease is thought to be closely associated with immune system. Therefore, immunomodulatory therapy models were developed. Mistletoe stimulates the immune system by increasing the number and activity of dendritic cells, thus it has been shown to effect on tumor growth and metastasis of malignant melanoma patient. Outlined in this review are the recent developments in the understanding the role of mistletoe as a complementary therapy for malignant melanoma. J Clin Exp Invest 2014; 5 (1: 145-152

  8. Cytosine modifications in myeloid malignancies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meldi, Kristen M; Figueroa, Maria E

    2015-08-01

    Aberrant DNA methylation is a hallmark of many cancers, including the myeloid malignancies acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). The discovery of TET-mediated demethylation of 5-methylcytosine (5mC) and technological advancements in next-generation sequencing have permitted the examination of other cytosine modifications, namely 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC), in these myeloid malignancies on a genome-wide scale. Due to the prominence of mutations in epigenetic modifiers that can influence cytosine modifications in these disorders, including IDH1/2, TET2, and DNMT3A, many recent studies have evaluated the relative levels, distribution, and functional consequences of cytosine modifications in leukemic cells. Furthermore, several therapies are being used to treat AML and MDS that target various proteins within the cytosine modification pathway in an effort to revert the abnormal epigenetic patterns that contribute to the diseases. In this review, we provide an overview of cytosine modifications and selected technologies currently used to distinguish and analyze these epigenetic marks in the genome. Then, we discuss the role of mutant enzymes, including DNMT3A, TET2, IDH1/2, and the transcription factor, WT1, in disrupting normal patterns of 5mC and 5hmC in AML and MDS. Finally, we describe several therapies, both standard, front-line treatments and new drugs in clinical trials, aimed at inhibiting the proteins that ultimately lead to aberrant cytosine modifications in these diseases. PMID:25956466

  9. Unusual malignant tumors of the breast: MRI features and pathologic correlation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Unusual malignant breast tumors are well-differentiated subtypes of invasive ductal carcinoma, including mucinous, tubular, medullary and papillary carcinomas, and account for about 10% of malignant breast tumors. They are increasingly being encountered during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations of the breast. Therefore, breast radiologists should be aware of their appearance on MRI. This review provides an overview of MRI characteristics of a range of unusual tumors (mucinous carcinoma, medullary carcinoma, tubular carcinoma, intraductal papillary carcinoma, intracystic papillary carcinoma and invasive papillary carcinoma), highlighting specific clues for diagnosis and correlating MRI and pathologic features. Many unusual breast tumors exhibit MRI features similar to those of benign or low suspicious lesions (oval shape, well-defined margins, high signal intensity on T2-weighted images, continuous increase kinetics, i.e. type I dynamic curve), leading to a possible misdiagnosis. Nevertheless, an understanding of pathologic features of these tumors, especially tissue content (mucinous, fibrous) and growth pattern, can help to define some specific clues for their diagnosis.

  10. Medicinal therapy of malignant lymphomas; Medikamentoese Therapie maligner Lymphome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aul, C.; Schroeder, M.; Giagounidis, A. [Medizinische Klinik II, St.-Johannes-Hospital Duisburg (Germany)

    2002-12-01

    Chemotherapy represents the most important therapeutic option in malignant lymphomas. Low to intermediate risk Hodgkin's disease is treated by a combination of chemotherapy and radiation. The new chemotherapy protocol BEACOPP has improved the outcome of advanced stages in comparison with the internationally accepted standard protocol COPP/ABVD. Dependent on the initial staging, cure rates between 50 and 95% can be achieved. Indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphomas usually present in advanced stages of disease. Chemotherapy in these cases has palliative character and aims at improving patients'quality of life and at avoiding complications due to the disease. In aggressive and very aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma chemotherapy is curative and must be initiated immediately irrespective of the staging results. The efficacy of the standard protocol CHOP (cyclophosphamide,doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone), that was established in the 1970s, has recently been improved by shortening of the therapy interval (CHOP-14 vs.CHOP-21),addition of etoposide (CHOEP) and combination with the monoclonal antibody rituximab (R-CHOP). The value of high dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplantation has been shown unequivocally only for aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma and relapsed Hodgkin's disease responsive to chemotherapy. The therapeutic strategy of malignant lymphomas is likely to be improved within the next years due to the introduction of novel cytostatic agents, the broadening application of monoclonal antibodies,upcoming new transplantation procedures and the development of substances with molecular targets.To rapidly increase our current knowledge on the topic it is mandatory to include patients into the large national and international multicenter studies. (orig.) [German] Die Chemotherapie stellt die wichtigste Behandlungsoption maligner Lymphome dar. Bei Hodgkin-Lymphomen niedrigen bzw. intermediaeren Risikoprofils wird eine kombinierte Behandlung von Chemo- und Strahlentherapie durchgefuehrt.Mit dem neuen Chemotherapieprotokoll BEACOPP konnte die Prognose von Patienten in fortgeschrittenen Krankheitsstadien im Vergleich zum international akzeptierten Standard COPP/ABVD verbessert werden. Die Heilungsquoten liegen stadienabhaengig zwischen 95 und 50%. Bei den indolenten Non-Hodgkin-Lymphomen,die sich bei Diagnosestellung meist in disseminierten Krankheitsstadien befinden, wird die Chemotherapie in palliativer Zielsetzung, d. h. zur Kontrolle von Krankheitskomplikationen und zur Verbesserung der Lebensqualitaet der Patienten eingesetzt. Bei aggressiven und sehr aggressiven Non-Hodgkin-Lymphomen besitzt die Chemotherapie kuratives Potenzial und muss stadienunabhaengig sofort nach Diagnosestellung begonnen werden. Das in den 90er Jahren etablierte Standardprotokoll CHOP (Cyclophosphamid, Doxorubicin,Vincristin und Prednison) konnte in den letzten Jahren durch Verkuerzung der Therapieintervalle (CHOP-14 vs.CHOP-21), Erweiterung durch Etoposid (CHOEP) und Kombination mit dem monoklonalen Antikoerper Rituximab (R-CHOP) in seiner Wirksamkeit verbessert werden. Der Stellenwert einer Hochdosistherapie mit Stammzelltransplantation konnte bislang nur bei chemotherapiesensiblen rezidivierten Hodgkin-Lymphomen und hochmalignen Non-Hodgkin-Lymphomen gesichert werden.Die Behandlungsstrategien maligner Lymphome werden in den naechsten Jahren durch Einfuehrung neuer Zytostatika, Weiterverbreitung monoklonaler Antikoerper, Erprobung neuartiger Transplantationsverfahren und Entwicklung von Substanzen mit molekular definiertem Wirkungsmechanismus weiter verbessert werden. Rascher Wissenszuwachs ist nur durch Rekrutierung und Behandlung neu diagnostizierter Patienten in den grossen deutschen oder europaeischen Multicenterstudien zu erwarten. (orig.)

  11. First histologically confirmed case of a classic chordoma arising in a precursor benign notochordal lesion: differential diagnosis of benign and malignant notochordal lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamaguchi, Takehiko [Department of Anatomic and Diagnostic Pathology, Dokkyo University School of Medicine, Mibu, Tochigi (Japan); Yamato, Minoru [Department of Radiology, International Catholic Hospital, Tokyo (Japan); Saotome, Koichi [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Dokkyo University School of Medicine, Mibu, Tochigi (Japan)

    2002-07-01

    The first histologically confirmed case of a classic chordoma arising in a precursor benign notochordal lesion is presented and the differential diagnosis between benign and malignant notochordal lesions is discussed. A 57-year-old man presented with a classic chordoma in the coccyx. The resected specimen demonstrated a small intraosseous benign notochordal lesion in the coccyx, which was adjacent to the classic chordoma. Also seen were two separate, similar benign lesions in the sacrum. The classic chordoma consisted of multiple lobules that were separated by thin fibrous septa and that showed cords or strands of atypical physaliphorous cells set within an abundant myxoid matrix. In contrast, the benign lesions consisted of intraosseous sheets of bland physaliphorous cells without any extracellular matrix. The affected bone trabeculae showed sclerotic reactions. It was concluded that benign and malignant notochordal lesions can be distinguished microscopically. (orig.)

  12. Surgery of malignant pancreatic tumors; Chirurgie maligner Pankreastumoren

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loos, M.; Friess, H.; Kleeff, J. [Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universitaet Muenchen (Germany). Chirurgische Klinik und Poliklinik

    2009-02-15

    Ductal adenocarcinoma is the most common malignant tumor of the pancreas. Despite great efforts in basic and clinical pancreatic cancer research, the prognosis remains poor with an overall 5-year survival rate of less than 5%. Complete surgical resection represents the only curative treatment option and 5-year survival rates of 20-25% can be achieved following curative resection and adjuvant chemotherapy. Although pancreatic surgery is considered one of the most technically demanding and challenging procedures, there has been constant progress in surgical techniques and advances in perioperative care with a modern interdisciplinary approach including anesthesiology, oncology, radiology and nursing. This has reduced morbidity and especially mortality rates in high-volume centers. Among extended resection procedures multivisceral and venous resections are technically feasible and should be considered if a complete tumor resection can be achieved. Multimodal regimens have shown promising results, however, only adjuvant chemotherapy is supported by solid evidence from randomized controlled trials. (orig.) [German] Das duktale Adenokarzinom ist der haeufigste maligne Pankreastumor. Trotz intensiver Anstrengungen auf dem Gebiet der Pankreasforschung konnte die Gesamtprognose in den vergangenen Jahren nicht entscheidend verbessert werden. Die einzige potenziell kurative Therapie ist die chirurgische Resektion. In Kombination mit einer adjuvanten Chemotherapie liegen die 5-Jahres-Ueberlebensraten aktuell bei 20-25%. Dank kontinuierlicher Weiterentwicklung der chirurgischen Operationstechnik und Verbesserungen der perioperativen Versorgung der Patienten mit einer engen interdisziplinaeren Zusammenarbeit (Chirurgie, Anaesthesie, Onkologie, Radiologie und Pflege) konnten die perioperative Morbiditaets- und Mortalitaetsraten in den vergangenen Jahren deutlich gesenkt werden. Unter den erweiterten Resektionsverfahren sind Venen- oder multiviszerale Resektionen technisch sicher durchfuehrbar und sinnvoll, wenn eine makroskopische Tumorfreiheit erreicht werden kann. Multimodale Therapiekonzepte bieten viel versprechende Ansaetze, wobei derzeit jedoch nur die adjuvante Chemotherapie aufgrund randomisierter kontrollierter Studien zur Standardtherapie nach chirurgischer Resektion gehoert. (orig.)

  13. Solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma of the penis: Report of the first case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castellani, Daniele; Sebastiani, Giancarlo; Maurelli, Simone; Andrisano, Alessandro; Mazzone, Luigi; Feroce, Antonio; Primi, Francesca; Verrico, Giovanna; Rizzotto, Antonio

    2015-06-11

    Hemangiopericytoma (HPC) is an uncommon perivascular tumor, first described in 1942, occurring most frequently in the extremities (pelvis, meninges, head and neck), and rarely affecting the urogenital system. In 1870, Wagner published the first histological description of a Solitary Fibrous Tumor (SFT) of the pleura. It is now thought that the majority of lesions previously called hemangiopericytomas (HPCs) are essentially indistinguishable from solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs). Nowadays, the new WHO classification of soft tissue tumors categorizes most HPCs as SFTs. We report the first case of penile SFT-HPC in a 44-year-old man, presenting with a 3-year history of slow-growing penile mass. The patient underwent a tumor excision. Six months after surgery he is free of local recurrence and distant metastasis. PMID:25363038

  14. An experimental approach for synthesis of Fe-Al-O multiferroic fibrous material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Basic principles of the electro-hydrodynamics are applied for synthesis of solid state Fe-Al-O multi-ferroic fibrous material. For that purpose stable blend spinning solutions comprised of a high molecular assisting organic polymer and salts of iron and aluminum are developed. These solutions are tested under electrospinning conditions and synthesis of homogeneous as spun non-woven mats characterized by fibre mean diameters in the micro-and nano-size range is successfully demonstrated. Multi-step thermal procedure is applied for the consecutive solvent evaporation, polymer pyrolisis and final fibre calcination. Electron-optical imaging technique and XRD are applied for revealing the sample morphology and the phase composition correspondingly. The results obtained outline the wide possibilities for fabrication of multi-ferroics fibrous nano-materials on the basis of Fe-Al-O.

  15. Aortic periannular abscess invading into the central fibrous body, mitral valve, and tricuspid valve.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Hyun Kong; Kim, Nan Yeol; Kang, Min-Woong; Kang, Shin Kwang; Yu, Jae Hyeon; Lim, Seung Pyung; Choi, Jae Sung; Na, Myung Hoon

    2014-06-01

    A 61-year-old man was diagnosed with aortic stenoinsufficiency with periannular abscess, which involved the aortic root of noncoronary sinus (NCS) that invaded down to the central fibrous body, whole membranous septum, mitral valve (MV), and tricuspid valve (TV). The open complete debridement was executed from the aortic annulus at NCS down to the central fibrous body and annulus of the MV and the TV, followed by the left ventricular outflow tract reconstruction with implantation of a mechanical aortic valve by using a leaflet of the half-folded elliptical bovine pericardial patch. Another leaflet of this patch was used for the repair of the right atrial wall with a defect and the TV. PMID:25207228

  16. Displasia fibrosa do clivus: relato de caso Fibrous dysplasia of the clivus: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asdrubal Falavigna

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Relatamos o caso de uma paciente de 43 anos com história de cefaléia crônica e diplopia. O exame neurorradiológico demonstrou aumento de volume e alteração na densidade óssea do clivus. Foi submetida a cirurgia e o exame anatomopatológico evidenciou displasia fibrosa. Foram relatados na literatura outros 14 casos de displasia fibrosa envolvendo o clivus. Discutimos essa rara apresentação da doença segundo o quadro clínico, exames de imagem, histologia e tratamento.We describe the case of a 43 year-old woman with chronic headache and diplopia. The neurorradiologic exam showed volume increase and alteration in the bone density of the clivus. She was submitted to surgery and the anatomopathologic evidenced fibrous dysplasia. Other 14 of about fibrous dysplasia involving the clivus are related in the literature. We discuss clinical aspects, image exams, histology and treatment of this rare presentation of the disease.

  17. Displasia fibrosa do clivus: relato de caso / Fibrous dysplasia of the clivus: case report

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Asdrubal, Falavigna; Luis Alencar B., Borba; Alisson Roberto, Teles.

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Relatamos o caso de uma paciente de 43 anos com história de cefaléia crônica e diplopia. O exame neurorradiológico demonstrou aumento de volume e alteração na densidade óssea do clivus. Foi submetida a cirurgia e o exame anatomopatológico evidenciou displasia fibrosa. Foram relatados na literatura o [...] utros 14 casos de displasia fibrosa envolvendo o clivus. Discutimos essa rara apresentação da doença segundo o quadro clínico, exames de imagem, histologia e tratamento. Abstract in english We describe the case of a 43 year-old woman with chronic headache and diplopia. The neurorradiologic exam showed volume increase and alteration in the bone density of the clivus. She was submitted to surgery and the anatomopathologic evidenced fibrous dysplasia. Other 14 of about fibrous dysplasia i [...] nvolving the clivus are related in the literature. We discuss clinical aspects, image exams, histology and treatment of this rare presentation of the disease.

  18. Localization of the dominant non-enzymatic intermolecular cross-linking sites on fibrous collagen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiue, Hiroko; Yamazoye, Tsutako; Matsumura, Sueo

    2015-06-01

    Previous studies have shown that fibrous collagen undergoes intermolecular cross-linking at multiple sites of the elongated triple-helical regions among adjacent juxtaposed collagen molecules on incubation with a very high concentration of reducing sugar such as 200 mM ribose, and the similarity of the changes in its physicochemical properties to that of senescent collagen aged in vivo has been emphasized. In the present study, however, it was found that when incubated with less than 30 mM ribose, fibrous collagen underwent intermolecular cross-linking primarily between the telopeptide region of a collagen molecule and the triple-helical region of another adjacent collagen molecule, and intermolecular cross-linking between the triple-helical regions of adjacent collagen molecules was very small. Physiological significance of the previous studies thus needs to be reevaluated. PMID:25892520

  19. An experimental approach for synthesis of Fe-Al-O multiferroic fibrous material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starbov, N.; Starbova, K.; Vanderbemden, Ph; Simeonova, P.; Lovchinov, V.

    2012-12-01

    Basic principles of the electro-hydrodynamics are applied for synthesis of solid state Fe-Al-O multi-ferroic fibrous material. For that purpose stable blend spinning solutions comprised of a high molecular assisting organic polymer and salts of iron and aluminum are developed. These solutions are tested under electrospinning conditions and synthesis of homogeneous as spun non-woven mats characterized by fibre mean diameters in the micro-and nano-size range is successfully demonstrated. Multi-step thermal procedure is applied for the consecutive solvent evaporation, polymer pyrolisis and final fibre calcination. Electron-optical imaging technique and XRD are applied for revealing the sample morphology and the phase composition correspondingly. The results obtained outline the wide possibilities for fabrication of multi-ferroics fibrous nano-materials on the basis of Fe-Al-O.

  20. Mode of action of fibrous amphiboles: the case of Biancavilla (Sicily, Italy)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Giulia, Ballan; Antonella, Del Brocco; Stefano, Loizzo; Alessia, Fabbri; Zaira, Maroccia; Carla, Fiorentini; Sara, Travaglione.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND. The inhalation of fibrous amphiboles can result in pulmonary fibrosis, lung cancer and mesothelioma. Although these fibres have the same disease-causing potential, their different morphologies and chemical composition can determine different biological activities. An unusual cluster of m [...] esothelioma was evidenced in Biancavilla (Sicily) where no inhabitant had been significantly exposed to asbestos. OBJECTIVE. We herein discuss the mechanism of action of amphiboles, focusing on the fibres identified in the study area. RESULTS. Human lung carcinoma cells have been exposed to two different materials: prismatic fluoro-edenite and fibres with fluoro-edenitic composition. Only in the second case, they exhibit features typical of transformed cells, such as multinucleation, prosurvival activity and pro-inflammatory cytokine release. Accordingly, in vivo studies demonstrated that the fibrous sample only could induce a mesotheliomatogenic effect. Conclusions. Fibres with fluoro-edenitic composition behave similarly to the asbestos crocidolite, whose connection with inflammation and lung cancer is well established.

  1. Fibrous flexible solid-type dye-sensitized solar cells without transparent conducting oxide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have explored a type of all-solid fibrous flexible dye-sensitized solar cells without transparent conducting oxide based on a CuI electrolyte. The working electrode's substrate is a metal wire. Cu wire counterelectrode is twisted with the dye-sensitized and CuI-coated working electrode. The cell's apparent diameter is about 150 ?m. The cell's current-voltage output depends little on the incident angle of light. A 4-cm-long fibrous cell's open-circuit voltage and short-circuit current generate 304 mV and 0.032 mA, respectively. The interfacial interaction between the two electrodes has a significant influence on the inner charge transfer of the cell

  2. Welcome to Fibers—A New Open Access Journal for Fibrous Material Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen C. Bondy

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Fibers are materials in the form of elongated threads. They can possess elastic features that are relevant to the integrity and bonding of cells. These features also give man-made fibers a wide range of applications. The large ratio of length to width (aspect ratio, which defines fibers, strongly influences their physical and chemical properties. This quality gives them a relatively large surface area, which can lead to powerful tensile and absorptive characteristics, which are remarkably different from, and cannot be predicted by study of the non-fibrous parent materials. An example of this is asbestos, where the toxicity of the material is heavily influenced by its structural anatomy. Distinctive chemical processes can take place on fibrous surfaces that may themselves seem to be chemically inert. Certain commonalities result from the distinctive geometry of fibers, and lie behind the apparently great diversity of fiber types and materials. [...

  3. Theoretical study of the fibrous capsule tissue growth around a disk-shaped implant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Djellouli, R; Mahserejian, S; Mokrane, A; Moussaoui, M; Laleg-Kirati, T M

    2013-10-01

    We analyze the mathematical properties of the fibrous capsule tissue concentration around a disk-shaped implant. We establish stability estimates as well as monotonicity results that illustrate the sensitivity of this growth to the biocompatibility index parameters of the implant. In addition, we prove that the growth of the tissue increases exponentially in time toward an asymptotic regime. We also study the mathematical properties of the solution of the inverse problem consisting in the determination of the values of the biocompatibility index parameters from the knowledge of some fibrous capsule tissue measurements. We prove that this model calibration problem admits a unique solution, and establish a characterization of the index parameters. Furthermore, we demonstrate analytically that such a solution is not continuous with respect to the data, and therefore the considered inverse problem is ill-posed due to the lack of the stability requirement. PMID:22903582

  4. Murine Mueller cells are progenitor cells for neuronal cells and fibrous tissue cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mammalian Mueller cells have been reported to possess retinal progenitor cell properties and generate new neurons after injury. This study investigates murine Mueller cells under in vitro conditions for their capability of dedifferentiation into retinal progenitor cells. Mueller cells were isolated from mouse retina, and proliferating cells were expanded in serum-containing medium. For dedifferentiation, the cultured cells were transferred to serum-replacement medium (SRM) at different points in time after their isolation. Interestingly, early cell passages produced fibrous tissue in which extracellular matrix proteins and connective tissue markers were differentially expressed. In contrast, aged Mueller cell cultures formed neurospheres in SRM that are characteristic for neuronal progenitor cells. These neurospheres differentiated into neuron-like cells after cultivation on laminin/ornithine cell culture substrate. Here, we report for the first time that murine Mueller cells can be progenitors for both, fibrous tissue cells and neuronal cells, depending on the age of the cell culture

  5. STRENGTH AND DEFORMABILITY OF STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS OF TRANSPORT FACILITIES ON THE BASIS OF FINE-GRAINED FIBROUS STEEL SLAG CONCRETE

    OpenAIRE

    Chernousov, R. N.; Kozlov, V. A.; Bondarev, B. A.

    2011-01-01

    Problem statement. Application of steel fibrous concrete in structures of transport facilities providesfor their reliable and durable operation, however, along with the indisputable advantages,steel fibrous concrete has significant drawback. Its application in transport construction is very expensive.The use of cast slag crushed stone screenings, along with fibers from waste products oflocal factories, as a filler of concrete matrix will significantly reduce the costs of production oftranspor...

  6. Micropatterned coculture of vascular endothelial and smooth muscle cells on layered electrospun fibrous mats toward blood vessel engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Huinan; Liu, Yaowen; Lu, Jinfu; Wei, Jiaojun; Li, Xiaohong

    2015-06-01

    A major challenge in vascular engineering is the establishment of proper microenvironment to guide the spatial organization, growth, and extracellular matrix (ECM) productions of cells found in blood vessels. In the current study, micropatterned fibrous mats with distinct ridges and grooves of different width were created to load smooth muscle cells (SMCs), which were assembled by stacking on vascular endothelial cell (EC)-loaded flat fibrous mats to mimic the in vivo-like organized structure of blood vessels. SMCs were mainly distributed in the ridges, and aligned fibers in the patterned regions led to the formation of elongated cell bodies, intense actin filaments, and expressions of collagen I and ?-smooth muscle actin in a parallel direction with fibers. ECs spread over the flat fibrous mats and expressed collagen IV and laminin with a cobblestone-like feature. A z-stack scanning of fluorescently stained fibrous mats indicated that SMCs effectively infiltrated into fibrous scaffolds at the depth of around 200 ?m. Compared with SMCs cultured alone, the coculture with ECs enhanced the proliferation, infiltration, and cytoskeleton elongation of SMCs on patterned fibrous mats. Although the coculture of SMCs made no significant difference in the EC growth, the coculture system on patterned fibrous scaffolds promoted ECM productions of both ECs and SMCs. Thus, this patterned fibrous configuration not only offers a promising technology in the design of tissue engineering scaffolds to construct blood vessels with durable mechanical properties, but also provides a platform for patterned coculture to investigate cell-matrix and cell-cell interactions in highly organized tissues. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A: 103A: 1949-1960, 2015. PMID:25204306

  7. Biological augmentation of rotator cuff repair using bFGF-loaded electrospun poly(lactide-co-glycolide) fibrous membranes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Song; Zhao, Jingwen; Dong, Shikui; Huangfu, Xiaoqiao; Li, Bin; Yang, Huilin; Zhao, Jinzhong; Cui, Wenguo

    2014-01-01

    Clinically, rotator cuff tear (RCT) is among the most common shoulder pathologies. Despite significant advances in surgical techniques, the re-tear rate after rotator cuff (RC) repair remains high. Insufficient healing capacity is likely the main factor for reconstruction failure. This study reports on a basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)-loaded electrospun poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) fibrous membrane for repairing RCT. Implantable biodegradable bFGF–PLGA fibrous membranes were successfully fabricated using emulsion electrospinning technology and then characterized and evaluated with in vitro and in vivo cell proliferation assays and repairs of rat chronic RCTs. Emulsion electrospinning fabricated ultrafine fibers with a core-sheath structure which secured the bioactivity of bFGF in a sustained manner for 3 weeks. Histological observations showed that electrospun fibrous membranes have excellent biocompatibility and biodegradability. At 2, 4, and 8 weeks after in vivo RCT repair surgery, electrospun fibrous membranes significantly increased the area of glycosaminoglycan staining at the tendon–bone interface compared with the control group, and bFGF–PLGA significantly improved collagen organization, as measured by birefringence under polarized light at the healing enthesis compared with the control and PLGA groups. Biomechanical testing showed that the electrospun fibrous membrane groups had a greater ultimate load-to-failure and stiffness than the control group at 4 and 8 weeks. The bFGF–PLGA membranes had the highest ultimate load-to-failure, stiffness, and stress of the healing enthesis, and their superiority compared to PLGA alone was significant. These results demonstrated that electrospun fibrous membranes aid in cell attachment and proliferation, as well as accelerating tendon–bone remodeling, and bFGF-loaded PLGA fibrous membranes have a more pronounced effect on tendon–bone healing. Therefore, augmentation using bFGF–PLGA electrospun fibrous membranes is a promising treatment for RCT. PMID:24868155

  8. Finite element modeling and simulation of contact interaction and deformation of carbon fibrous composite beam against rigid indenter

    OpenAIRE

    Umar Farooq; Karl Gregory

    2009-01-01

    This study is concerned with finite element modelling and simulation of fibrous composite beams contact with rigid indenter. Mathematical formulations consisting of contact law and indentation wrapping have been developed. Fibrous orientated modulii and types quasi-isotropic materials were also presented. Finite element method software ABAQUS was chosen to perform simulation incorporating dynamic contact in time-domain using implicit dynamics routine. To improve convergence, mapped meshing t...

  9. Computational modeling and simulation of low velocity impact on fibrous composite panels drop weight un_partitioned model

    OpenAIRE

    Umar Farooq; Kar Gregory

    2009-01-01

    A computational model was developed to simulate and predict failure response of fibrous composite panels subjected to drop-weight impact on un-partitioned fibrous composite panels using finite element analysis. The mathematical formulation consisting of constitutive, equilibrium, and strain-displacement relations; finite element formulation with contact and external force; failure criteria proposed by Hasin. Finite Element Method (FEM) was chosen to perform simulation in commercially availabl...

  10. Acoustic and visual study of bubble formation processes in bubble columns staged with fibrous catalytic layers

    OpenAIRE

    Holler, V.; Ruzicka, M.; Drahos, J.; Kiwi-minsker, L.; Renken, A.

    2003-01-01

    High-speed images of bubbly flow coupled with simultaneous passive acoustic measurements were carried out in a bubble column staged with structured fibrous catalysts. Local observations made with a high-speed camera system allow a detailed understanding of the influence of fabric structure on bubble formation processes and the detn. of the Sauter bubble diam. With acoustic measurements, the building frequency of bubble swarm formation is identified to be a linear function of the superficial g...

  11. Plasma and Sol-Gel Technology for Creating Nanostructured Surfaces of Fibrous Polymers

    OpenAIRE

    Gorjanc M.; Simon?i? B.; Vasiljevi? J.; Vesel A.; Mozetic M.

    2012-01-01

    For a modification of natural and synthetic fibrous polymers low-pressure ICRF plasma and liquid repellent sol-gel fluoroalkyl-functional siloxane precursor were used. Plasma induced surface chemical and morphological changes on fluorinated poly(ethylene terephthalate) and cellulose were analysed using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Wettability properties of sol-gel functionalized polymers were determined by the goniometric water contact ...

  12. Leontiasis ossea and post traumatic cervical cord contusion in polyostotic fibrous dysplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maramattom Boby

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Leontiasis ossea (leonine facies or cervical canal stenosis are rare complications of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia (PFD. This case report documents dramatic leontiasis ossea in PFD as well as post traumatic cervical cord contusion due to hyperextension injury in a patient with generalized PFD involving the cranio-facial bones, axial skeleton and entire spine with secondary cervical canal stenosis. Cervical cord contusion has not been reported earlier in PFD.

  13. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Lung: Three Rare Cases of Intraparenchymal Nodules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pleura usually presents as a peripheral mass, in contact with the surface of the pleura. However, on occasion, it can occur separately from the pleura, in the lung parenchyma. We describe the radiological and imaging features of three SFTs of the lung, diagnosed in our department, with relevant clinical data. The diagnosis of SFT of the lung, although rare, should be considered in a slow-growing solitary lung parenchymal nodule

  14. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Lung: Three Rare Cases of Intraparenchymal Nodules

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cardinale, L.; Cataldi, A.; Solitro, F.; Fava, C. (Dept. of Radiology, San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Orbassano, Turin (Italy)); Ardissone, F. (Dept. of Thoracic Surgery, San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Orbassano, Turin (Italy)); Familiari, U. (Dept. of Pathology, San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Orbassano, Turin (Italy))

    2009-05-15

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pleura usually presents as a peripheral mass, in contact with the surface of the pleura. However, on occasion, it can occur separately from the pleura, in the lung parenchyma. We describe the radiological and imaging features of three SFTs of the lung, diagnosed in our department, with relevant clinical data. The diagnosis of SFT of the lung, although rare, should be considered in a slow-growing solitary lung parenchymal nodule

  15. Conductive electrospun PANi-PEO/TiO2 fibrous membrane for photo catalysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graphical abstract: - Abstract: The integration of electrospinning and electrospraying to prepare the fibrous catalytic filter membrane is demonstrated. The non-conductive polyethylene oxide (PEO) is blended with (±)-camphor-10-sulfonic acid (CSA) doped conductive polyaniline (PANi) for electrospinning. The conductive CSA/PANi-PEO composite fibers are produced upon electrospinning, which are used as the conductive collector for electrospraying process by which titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles (NPs) are sprayed and allowed to adsorb on the fibers. The degree of adsorption and dispersion of nano TiO2 catalysts on the surface of the CSA/PANi-PEO fibers exhibit a stronger dependence on weight percentage (wt%) of PANi in PEO solution and the strength of electrical conductivity of the fibers used during electrospraying. CSA/PANi-PEO fibers as collector reduce the wastage of TiO2 NPs during electrospraying to lesser than 5%. Among the three different composition of PANi studied, PEO with 12 wt% PANi yields very uniform diameter and beads-free fibrous structure with higher electrical conductivity. 12 wt% CSA/PANi-PEO fibrous membrane is found to support for greater dispersion of TiO2 NPs. The photocatalytic activity of the as-prepared TiO2-PANi-PEO catalytic membrane is tested against the toxicant simulant 2-chloroethyl phenyl sulfide (CEPS) under the ultraviolet light irradiation. It is observed that the TiO22 nanoparticles catalysts embedded PANi-PEO fibrous membrane decontaminated the toxicant CEPS significantly, which is due to uniform dispersion of the catalysts produced by the methodology.

  16. An experimental approach for synthesis of Fe-Al-O multiferroic fibrous material

    OpenAIRE

    Starbov, N.; Starbova, K.; Vanderbemden, Philippe; Simeonova, P.; Lovchinov, V.

    2012-01-01

    Basic principles of the electro-hydrodynamics are applied for synthesis of solid state Fe-Al-O multi-ferroic fibrous material. For that purpose stable blend spinning solutions comprised of a high molecular assisting organic polymer and salts of iron and aluminum are developed. These solutions are tested under electrospinning conditions and synthesis of homogeneous as spun non-woven mats characterized by fibre mean diameters in the microand nano-size range is successfully demons...

  17. Fibrous based materials in sustainable civil and architectural applications – a review

    OpenAIRE

    Fangueiro, Raúl; Rosado, Katherine; Guise, Catarina; Rebelo, Rita

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this review paper is to present a survey on fibrous materials used in key areas of construction and architectural sectors. Here are highlighted conceptual challenges involved in some of the applications trying to define what we call a “green” building. The main applications reviewed are concrete reinforcement, structural health monitoring, insulation, and architectural membranes. On the other hand, tendencies in the area such as sustainability, weight reduction, enhanced durabi...

  18. Fibrous hamartoma of infancy mimicking teratoma in the parapharyngeal space on multidetector row CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To the best of our knowledge, fibrous hamartoma of infancy (FHI) mimicking teratoma presenting in the parapharyngeal space has not been reported to date. We present one case of this tumour and describe its characteristic findings on multidetector-row CT (MDCT). This case is of interest in that the parapharyngeal space was involved and the mass mimicked teratoma on MDCT. We present the MDCT findings and briefly review the relevant literature. (orig.)

  19. McCune-Albright syndrome and the extraskeletal manifestations of fibrous dysplasia

    OpenAIRE

    Collins Michael T; Singer Frederick R; Eugster Erica

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is sometimes accompanied by extraskeletal manifestations that can include any combination of café-au-lait macules, hyperfunctioning endocrinopathies, such as gonadotropin-independent precocious puberty, hyperthyroidism, growth hormone excess, FGF23-mediated renal phosphate wasting, and/or Cushing syndrome, as well as other less common features. The combination of any of these findings, with or without FD, is known as McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS). The broad s...

  20. Current approach to fibrous dysplasia of bone and McCune–Albright syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Leet, Arabella I.; Collins, Michael T.

    2007-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) of bone is an uncommon disease caused by sporadic, congenital mutations in the cAMP regulating protein, Gs?. It is an example of somatic mosaicism in which a wide spectrum of disease is possible. Widespread skeletal involvement is often associated with varying combinations of café-au-lait skin spots, and/or endocrine dysfunction (precocious puberty, renal phosphate wasting, hyperthyroidism, and/or growth hormone excess). Unrecognized and untreated endocrine dysfunctio...

  1. Morphology of Nanostructured Alumina and Lanthana Synthesized with the Use of Fibrous Organic Matrix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Volodin A.A.

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Fibrous aluminum oxide ?-Al2O3 and lanthanum sesquioxide A-type La2O3 were synthesized by the thermal decomposition (700°C, air of cotton fibers impregnated by aqueous solutions of corresponding nitrate salts. The fibers of alumina consist of 20 nm sized particles, while the particle size of the lanthana ranges within 100–150 nm. The formation of chemisorption products on the lanthana surface is also discussed.

  2. Collagen-based fibrous scaffold for spatial organization of encapsulated and seeded human mesenchymal stem cells

    OpenAIRE

    Yow, S.Z.; Quek, C.H.; Evelyn K.F. Yim; Lim, C T; Leong, K.W.

    2008-01-01

    Living tissues consist of groups of cells organized in a controlled manner to perform a specific function. Spatial distribution of cells within a three-dimensional matrix is critical for the success of any tissue-engineering construct. Fibers endowed with cell-encapsulation capability would facilitate the achievement of this objective. Here we report the synthesis of a cell-encapsulated fibrous scaffold by interfacial polyelectrolyte complexation (IPC) of methylated collagen and a synthetic t...

  3. Explicit dynamic simulation of drop weight low velocity impact on carbon fibrous composite panels

    OpenAIRE

    Umar Farooq; Karl Gregory

    2010-01-01

    Finite element computational model was developed to simulate impact behaviour and predict the failure response of carbon fibrous composite panels subjected to low velocity drop-weight impact on the partitioned area where an impactor of flat-nosed tip hits the target. Critical damage regions under impactors’ tips are very complicated phenomenon to study since internal load re-distributes after impact and damage accumulates in through-the-thickness plies. Transformation of mathematical formul...

  4. Finite element simulation of impacted fibrous composite panels and efficient prediction of transverse shear stresses

    OpenAIRE

    Umar Farooq; Karl Grehory

    2009-01-01

    In this paper mathematical formulations and simulations were carried out for the prediction of through-thickness stress distributions of fibrous composite panels under variable shape impactors. Considerations were given to selective specimens from aerospace industrial environment to obtain the degree of uniformity of stress distributions throughout the out-of-plane geometry. The interlaminar stresses and strains induced in ‘thin’ laminates through application of membrane loads (i.e., in-p...

  5. Implicity dynamic simulation of contact behaviour of the quasi_isotropic carbon fibrous composite panels

    OpenAIRE

    Umar Farooq; Karl Grehory

    2010-01-01

    In this paper computational modeling and simulation of the contact response of the quasi- isotropic carbon fibrous composite panels against blunt nose tip indenters has been studied. Mathematical modeling of spatial contact interaction was developed and incorporated into the finite element analysis software ABAQUS using implicit dynamic integration routine. Effect of ply orientation, thickness, indenter size, and variable loads were studied. From the comparisons of stresses, strains and defle...

  6. A Case of Solitary Fibrous Pleura Tumor Associated with Severe Hypoglycemia: Doege-Potter Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Jong Geol; Hong, Kyung Soo; Ahn, June Hong; Lee, Jae Young; Jo, Jae Ho; Lee, Dong Won; Shin, Kyeong Cheol; Lee, Kwan Ho; Kim, Mi Jin; Lee, Jung Cheul; Lee, Jang Hoon; Lee, Jae Kyo

    2015-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura (SFTP) is a rare primary intrathoracic tumor that arises from mesenchymal tissue underlying the mesothelial layer of the pleura. It usually has an indolent clinical course. The hypoglycemia that accompanies SFTP was first described by Doege and Potter independently in 1930, hence the eponym Doege-Potter syndrome (DPS). The incidence of DPS is reported to be ~4%. In this report, we present a typical case of DPS that was cured through complete surgical resection. PMID:25861346

  7. Atherosclerotic plaque fibrous cap assessment under an oblique scan plane orientation in carotid MRI

    OpenAIRE

    Nieuwstadt, Harm A.; Lugt, Aad; Kassar, Zaid A. M.; Breeuwer, Marcel; Steen, Anton F. W.; Gijsen, Frank J. H.

    2014-01-01

    Carotid magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is used to noninvasively assess atherosclerotic plaque fibrous cap (FC) status, which is closely related to ischemic stroke. Acquiring anisotropic voxels improves in-plane visualization, however, an oblique scan plane orientation could then obscure a FC (i.e., contrast below the noise level) and thus impair a reliable status assessment. To quantify this, we performed single-slice numerical simulations of a clinical 3.0T, 2D T1-weighted, black-blood, co...

  8. Fibrous ionites on the base of radiation-grafted polypropylene fibers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The methods of radiation grafting of acrylic acid and polypropylene-divinylbenzene copolymer on polypropylene fibers using the research installation RKhM-?-20 are considered. The pilot production of grafted fibers on the installation UGU-420 and fibrous ionites on their base FIBAN K-1, FIBAN K-4 and FIBAN A-1 are described. The mechanical and sorptive properties of the ionites as well as the areas of their application are under consideration

  9. Perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy for peritoneal surface malignancy

    OpenAIRE

    Yoo Dal; Stuart Oswald A; Yan Tristan D; Sugarbaker Paul H

    2006-01-01

    Abstract The treatment of peritoneal surface malignancy mainly focuses on diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma, pseudomyxoma peritonei from appendiceal cancer, and peritoneal dissemination from gastrointestinal and ovarian cancers. Cancer progression causes peritoneal implants to be distributed throughout the abdominopelvic cavity. These nodules plus the ascitic fluid result in abdominal distension. As the disease progresses, these tumors cause intestinal obstruction leading to debilitat...

  10. Malignant occlusion of the coeliac axis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Occlusion or extensive stenosis of the coeliac trunk due to malignant tumor are described in three patients. If, at angiography of a patient with a malignant tumor, occlusion of the coeliac trunk is found, tumor or lymph node metastases causing the occlusion must be considered; this may be of importance when intra-arterial chemotherapy of the tumor is planned. (Auth.)

  11. Intussusception Presenting with Malignant Hypertension and Lethargy

    OpenAIRE

    de Vries, Andra; Ashtiani, Nilou; Ahmadi, Nazanin; Bakx, Roel; de Vaate, Annelies Walrave-bij; Bökenkamp, Arend

    2013-01-01

    The most common cause of malignant hypertension in children is renal or renovascular pathology. The combination with lethargy suggests a diagnosis of hypertensive crisis with hypertensive encephalopathy. Here, we present a case of severe hypertension with lethargy as the sole presenting symptoms of ileocecal intussusception. Both normalized following surgical repositioning. We conclude that malignant hypertension and lethargy can be presenting symptoms of intussusception.

  12. Amisulpride and Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Che Tu

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS is a rare but lethal complication of neuroleptics. Its incidence ranges between 0.02% and 3%. Amisulpride, a second generation neuroleptic, was associated with rhabdomyolysis in one report and NMS in 2 reports. Althoughthe precise pathogenesis is still unclear, dopamine receptor blockade is theorized to play acentral role. Conventional presentations include hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, and elevatedcreatine kinase concentrations. However, similar to other second generation neuroleptics,amisulpride induces an atypical form of NMS, which presents with lower degrees of hyperthermia and elevation of creatine kinase than the typical form. This phenomenon makes itdifficult to identify early signs of NMS. This study describes the first case of amisulprideinduced NMS in Taiwan, together with a review of the current knowledge on NMS. In thiscase, the correlation between NMS and amisulpride was categorized as “probable” on theNaranjo adverse drug reaction probability scale

  13. Surgical complications in hematological malignancies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nenova, I; Grudeva-Popova, J; Dimov, R; Chapkunov, A; Mihailov, H

    1999-01-01

    Surgical complications in oncohematological practice appear a primary problem for their high incidence, diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties and unfavourable prognosis. The authors present data from a retrospective study of 93 patients from the Clinic of Hematology and Surgical Clinic of the Higher Medical Institute in Plovdiv for the period from 1990 to 1997. Surgical complications occurred in 9.9% of the patients treated for hematological malignancies. Most frequent and hazardous were the cases of acute abdomen, followed by soft tissue purulent infections. The authors suggest that high risk of surgical complications exists in patients undergoing vigorous chemotherapy. Patients are particularly vulnerable in the neutropenic period after chemotherapy when the abdominal and anorectal complications may be fatal. PMID:10534908

  14. Surgery of malignant pancreatic tumors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ductal adenocarcinoma is the most common malignant tumor of the pancreas. Despite great efforts in basic and clinical pancreatic cancer research, the prognosis remains poor with an overall 5-year survival rate of less than 5%. Complete surgical resection represents the only curative treatment option and 5-year survival rates of 20-25% can be achieved following curative resection and adjuvant chemotherapy. Although pancreatic surgery is considered one of the most technically demanding and challenging procedures, there has been constant progress in surgical techniques and advances in perioperative care with a modern interdisciplinary approach including anesthesiology, oncology, radiology and nursing. This has reduced morbidity and especially mortality rates in high-volume centers. Among extended resection procedures multivisceral and venous resections are technically feasible and should be considered if a complete tumor resection can be achieved. Multimodal regimens have shown promising results, however, only adjuvant chemotherapy is supported by solid evidence from randomized controlled trials. (orig.)

  15. Medicinal therapy of malignant lymphomas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chemotherapy represents the most important therapeutic option in malignant lymphomas. Low to intermediate risk Hodgkin's disease is treated by a combination of chemotherapy and radiation. The new chemotherapy protocol BEACOPP has improved the outcome of advanced stages in comparison with the internationally accepted standard protocol COPP/ABVD. Dependent on the initial staging, cure rates between 50 and 95% can be achieved. Indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphomas usually present in advanced stages of disease. Chemotherapy in these cases has palliative character and aims at improving patients'quality of life and at avoiding complications due to the disease. In aggressive and very aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma chemotherapy is curative and must be initiated immediately irrespective of the staging results. The efficacy of the standard protocol CHOP (cyclophosphamide,doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone), that was established in the 1970s, has recently been improved by shortening of the therapy interval (CHOP-14 vs.CHOP-21),addition of etoposide (CHOEP) and combination with the monoclonal antibody rituximab (R-CHOP). The value of high dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplantation has been shown unequivocally only for aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma and relapsed Hodgkin's disease responsive to chemotherapy. The therapeutic strategy of malignant lymphomas is likely to be improved within the next years due to the introduction of novel cytostatic agents, the broadening applvel cytostatic agents, the broadening application of monoclonal antibodies,upcoming new transplantation procedures and the development of substances with molecular targets.To rapidly increase our current knowledge on the topic it is mandatory to include patients into the large national and international multicenter studies. (orig.)

  16. Electrospun nickel oxide/polymer fibrous electrodes for electrochemical capacitors and effect of heat treatment process on their performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hosogai, Seiji; Tsutsumi, Hiromori [Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Yamaguchi University, 2-16-1 Tokiwadai, Ube 755-8611 (Japan)

    2009-12-01

    Electrospinning is a versatile method for preparation of submicron-size fibers under ambient temperature. We demonstrate a new approach based on this method for preparing an electrode which consists of the fibers coated with nickel oxide (NiO) and acetylene black (AB) on their surfaces. The NiO/polymer fibrous electrodes show the electrochemical responses based on the electrochemical reaction of Ni(OH){sub 2} which is produced from NiO in alkaline aqueous solution. The capacitance of the test half cell with the as-prepared NiO/polymer fibrous electrode in 1 mol l{sup -1} KOH aqueous solution is 5.8 F g{sup -1} (per gram of NiO). Heat treatment (at 150 C for 1 h in the air) of the NiO/polymer fibrous electrode increases the capacitance of the NiO/polymer fibrous electrode. The capacitance of the cell with the heat treated (HT) NiO/polymer fibrous electrode is 163 F g{sup -1} (per gram of NiO). SEM observation of the heat treated electrode suggests that partial melt of the fibers on the current collector forms the conducting passes and networks between the NiO particles and the collector and increases the specific capacity of the fibrous electrode. (author)

  17. Removal of toluene in gas streams by a fibrous-bed trickling filter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tseng, D H; Guo, G L; Chang, C H; Huang, S L

    2001-01-01

    A novel fibrous-bed trickling filter was developed to remove toluene present in contaminated air. Pure culture of Pseudomonas putida F1 was attached on fibrous-bed and utilized toluene as the carbon source. Experimental results indicated the removal efficiency decreased with the increase of inlet concentration. In general, the removal efficiency of toluene was greater than 90% when the inlet loading capacity was below 70 g m-3h-3. The elimination capacity increased with increasing inlet loading capacity, but the increased rate decreased gradually. When the inlet loading capacity increased to 300 g m-3h-1, the elimination capacity could approach to 130 g m-3h-1. The first order kinetics model was useful to describe the removal of toluene in this filter and an excellent linear relationship was found between the apparent first order parameter and inlet concentration (ranging from 1.2 g m-3 to 3.5 g m-3). Also, the performance of fibrous-bed trickling filter was relatively stable during the four-month period of continuous operation. Slight clogging phenomena of filters were observed only under high loading capacity. PMID:11286054

  18. Visual impairment from fibrous dysplasia in a middle-aged African man: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bekibele Charles O

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Fibrous dysplasia is a benign tumour of the bones and is a disease of unknown aetiology. This report discusses a case of proptosis and visual deterioration with associated bony mass involving the right orbit. Case presentation A 32-year-old Nigerian man of Yoruba ethnic origin presented to the eye clinic of our hospital with right-eye proptosis and visual deterioration of 7-year duration. Presentation was preceded by a history of trauma. Proptosis was preceded by trauma but was non-pulsatile with no thrill or bruit but was associated with bony orbital mass. The patient reported no weight loss. Examination of his right eye showed visual acuity of 6/60 with relative afferent pupillary defect. Fundal examination revealed optic atrophy. Computed tomography showed an expansile bony mass involving all the walls of the orbit. The bony orbital mass was diagnosed histologically as fibrous dysplasia. Treatment included orbital exploration and orbital shaping to create room for the globe and relieve pressure on the optic nerve. Conclusion Fibrous dysplasia should be considered in the differential diagnosis of slowly developing proptosis with associated visual loss in young adults.

  19. [Solitary fibrous pseudopapillary tumor of the lung: pulmonary fibroadenoma and adenofibroma revisited].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavazza, A; Rossi, G; De Marco, L; Putrino, I; Pellegrino, S; Piana, S

    2003-06-01

    We describe a peculiar pulmonary lesion, that we interpreted as a pseudopapillary variant of solitary fibrous tumor. The patient was a 62-year-old asymptomatic male, non smoking, presenting with a peripheral nodule, 0.8 cm across, located in the lower lobe of the right lung. The patient is alive and well 18 months after surgical excision of the nodule. Microscopically, the lesion was well-circumscribed and characterized by a diffuse pseudopapillary pattern. Pseudopapillae were large, and were covered by a rim of cubic epithelium devoid of atypia. The stromal axis was fibrous and contained scattered bland spindle cells. Immunohistochemically, the latter were strongly positive for vimentin and CD34, focally positive for BCL2 and CD99, negative for cytokeratin, EMA, TTF1, calretinin, smooth muscle actin, desmin and S100 protein; the epithelial cells were immunoreactive for cytokeratin, EMA and TTF1. We interpret this lesion as a peculiar pseudopapillary variant of solitary fibrous tumor, corresponding to what has been reported in the literature as pulmonary adenofibroma and fibroadenoma. The most important differential diagnostic considerations are briefly discussed. PMID:12968312

  20. Filtration efficiency of an electrostatic fibrous filter : Studying filtration dependency on ultrafine particle exposure and composition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ardkapan, Siamak Rahimi; Johnson, Matthew

    2014-01-01

    The objective of the present study is to investigate the relationship between ultrafine particle concentrations and removal efficiencies for an electrostatic fibrous filter in a laboratory environment. Electrostatic fibrous filters capture particles efficiently, with a low pressure drop. Therefore they have applications in building ventilation systems. The relationship between particle removal efficiency and particle concentration has not been widely investigated in ventilation systems and indoor environments. In order to achieve the objective of this study, experiments were performed in a controlled laboratory environment using two different particle counters: a Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer and a NanoTracer. Particles were generated at different concentrations by burning a pure wax candle in a test room. The set-up consisted of a test room, a fan a duct and the particle filter. The results show that the efficiency of the electrostatic fibrous filter increased with increasing exposure levels. The filter efficiency varies from 45% to 80% depending on the particle concentrations and particle sizes including ultrafine particles. The results are consistent with a mechanism in which the particles deposit on the fibers and form chain-like agglomerates known as dendrites. The dendrites themselves contribute in capturing the other particles. Increasing exposure will result in increasing the number of the dendrites because of the static charging and consequently increasing the efficiency. Static electrical charging of dendrites will spread out the branches, increasing capture.