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Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Dyeing and Printing Workers  

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Background: Millions of workers are occupationally exposed to dyes in the world, but little is known about their knowledge and attitudes toward the effects of dye on their health. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the fabric dyers? and fabric printers? knowledge, attitude, and practice toward the health hazard of dyes. Materials and Methods: The present study was taken up in the Madurai district which is situated in the Southern Tamil Nadu, Ind...

Paramasivam Parimalam; Raghavan Premalatha; Srinivasan Padmini; Kumar Ganguli

2010-01-01

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Construction of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Questionnaire for Assessing Plagiarism  

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Full Text Available Background: This study was conducted to develop a questionnaire in order to evaluate knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP of the faculty members and students toward plagiarism.Methods: A KAP study was conducted from June to October 2011 enrolling 390 volunteers anonymously (response rate 96%. The questionnaire included the following four parts: (a general characteristics like gender, academic degree and education level; (b nine questions regarding knowledge (Min=0, Max=9; (c nine questions regarding attitude (Min=9, Max=27; and (d eight questions regarding practice (Min=0, Max=8. A pilot study was conducted to assess reliability of the questions regarding knowledge and attitude. Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the knowledge and attitude questions was 0.70 and 0.74 respectively.Results: The overall prevalence of at least once plagiarism commission was 38% (SD=0.035. The overall mean score of knowledge, attitude and practice was 5.94 (SD=1.66, 24.12 (SD=2.99, and 0.66 (SD=1.15 respectively. Knowledge of plagiarism was significantly higher among higher academic degrees and females. Their negative attitude toward plagiarism was stronger too. No statistically significant difference regarding plagiarism commission was observed among different academic degrees in both sexes. According to linear regression analysis, plagiarism commission decreased 13% per one unit increase in score of knowledge (P=0.005 and 16% per one unit increase in score of attitude (P<0.001.Conclusions: This knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP questionnaire was developed as a standard tool in order to assess perception of subjects toward plagiarism and to estimate the prevalence and the type of plagiarism commission.

M Mirfakhraei

2012-11-01

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Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Emergency Contraception on Nursing Personnel  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction: Emergency Contraception is a grossly underu–tilized option of prevention of pregnancy. It is a safe and effective method which can prevent unintended pregnancies, unsafe abortions and unwanted childbirth. Knowledge and attitude of Nursing personnel who are both service providers and health educators to the community can influence the contraceptive behavior of the people exposed to them. A few studies done in our country indicate that their awareness regarding EC is low. Aim: To explore the knowledge, attitude and practice of EC amongst Nursing Personnel in a medical college hospital. Materials and Methods: In this study, 185 nursing personnel participated. A predesigned, pretested questionnaire was used to collect their responses regarding knowledge, attitude and practice of EC. Descriptive analysis of data was done. Results : Out of the total, 52.43% of the participants had good knowledge regarding the general information of EC, 51.35% had positive attitude towards EC, 47.56% had expressed willingness to use EC if indicated whereas only 22.7% had ever used EC. 72.97% had expressed willingness to attend awareness programmes on EC. Conclusion :Even though knowledge and attitude towards EC among the participants was marginally good they had many misconceptions regarding specific aspects like mode of action, indications and timing of administration. More awareness programmes would definitely clear their misconceptions and apprehensions and encourage Nursing Personnel to personally use and promote EC to others. PMID:25386489

Shanthini N, Fatima

2014-01-01

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Contraceptive knowledge, attitude and practice among rural women  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To assess the knowledge, attitude regarding family planning and the practice of contraceptives among rural women. One-hundred women between the ages 15-45, living with their husbands and coming from rural area (villages) were interviewed. Women who were pregnant, had a child younger than 2 years, or had any medical disorder were excluded. Their knowledge, attitude and practice on contraceptives were evaluated with the help of a predesigned questionnaire. The other variables used were the age of women, parity and educational status. Descriptive analysis was conducted to obtain percentages. Out of 100 interviewed women with mean age of 29.7 years, 81(81%) had some knowledge about family planning methods. The media provided information of contraceptives in 52 out of 81 (64%) women. Regarding the usage of contraceptive methods, only 53 (53%) of the respondents were using some sort of contraception. Barrier method (condoms) was in practice by 18 (33.9%) and 12 (22.6%) of women had already undergone tubal ligation. The women using injectables and intrauterine contraceptive devices were 10 (18.8%) and 7 (13.2%) respectively. Six were using oral contraceptive pills (11.3%). Positive attitude towards contraception was shown by 76 (76%) of them, while 41(41%) stated their husbands positive attitude towards contraception. In the present study, there was a low contraceptive use among women of rural origin despite good knowledge. Motivation of couples through media and health persn of couples through media and health personnel can help to achieve positive attitude of husbands for effective use of contraceptives. (author)

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Nurses knowledge, attitude and practice in prevention of ICU syndrome  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction: Intensive care unit ICU syndrome is a disorder, in which patients in an ICU or a similar setting experience anxiety, hallucination and become paranoid, severely disoriented in time and place, very agitated, or even violent, etc. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of nurses with regards to prevention of ICU syndrome (Delirium). Methods: Subjects of this research were 56 nurses with including criteria of registration in nursing, university d...

Ali Dadgari; Farede Yaghmaie; Jasman Shahnazarian; Leyla Dadvar

2007-01-01

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Knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to meningitis in northern Ghana.  

Science.gov (United States)

Meningitis has a significant impact in the Sahel, but the mechanisms for transmission and factors determining a person's vulnerability are not well understood. Our survey examined the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of people in a meningitis-endemic area in the Upper East region of northern Ghana to identify social, economic, and behavioral factors that may contribute to disease transmission and possible interventions that might improve health outcomes. Key results suggest potential interventions in response to the risk posed by migration, especially seasonal migration, a lack of knowledge about early symptoms causing delayed treatment, and a need for further education about the protective benefits of vaccination. PMID:23775016

Hayden, Mary H; Dalaba, Maxwell; Awine, Timothy; Akweongo, Patricia; Nyaaba, Gertrude; Anaseba, Dominic; Pelzman, Jamie; Hodgson, Abraham; Pandya, Rajul

2013-08-01

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RESEARCH SITUATION AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS: IUMSHS 2000 KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, PRACTICE  

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Full Text Available Introduction. In a time that economic classification of nations is largely dependant on their scientific output, our country "Iran" in comparison to it"s facilities, has fewer scienilfic producilon than accepted. For programming to increase quantity and quality of research, at first, should carefully recognise the present condition. This study was done to survay attitiude, knowledge and practice of students in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services (IUMSHS about research. Methods. Questionnaires were distribiuted among interns (n=234 who their names and sites had extracted. Students enterance year to university was between 1992 to 1994. So, they were at the end of their staying in university. Results. Average grade of knowledge was 2.92±2 (from whole grade= 10. This grade did not depend on stage of preparing thesis. The most true answer was in writing of purpose and the least was in sampling, medline and role of variables in study. Attitude in 78.2 percent, indicate agreement with necessity of learning research concept. 54.2 percent agree with necessity of participailon in at least one research project in educational period in university, but 41.8 percent believe that research activity in present condition is wasting the time. The answerers who at least had parilcipated in one research project were 11.9 percent and the highest knowledg"s grade was in these students. Discussion. Despite the positive attitude of interns to learn the research concept, their knowledge level in comparison with other Iranian univercities and other univercities" students in the world, was very low. Although more than half of them have positive attitude to participation in research project, their practice was insignificant. Radical changes in education system and management seems to be necessary.

M TALAEI

2001-06-01

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Saudi school students' knowledge, attitude and practice toward medicines.  

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The current study was aimed to assess Saudi school students' knowledge, attitude and practice about medicines. A pretested self-administered questionnaire was used anonymously among 15-20 year-old adolescents attending tertiary schools in Taif City, KSA. A total of 1022 students completed the questionnaires. Only 15.4% of the respondents knew the medicines' uses. Most of the students 79.6% affirmed that they used to take medicines after consulting physicians, and 45.1% of the students thought that tablet size affects the medicine's efficacy. More than half of the students knew that high temperatures affect the efficacy of medicines, there was a significant difference between rural and urban areas (P = 0.005). Physicians (50.6%) and community pharmacists (15.7%), were the main students' reliable sources of information about medicines. The majority of the students 70.5% were interested in learning more about medicines. The younger students ?18 years wish to learn more than the older ones (P Saudi school students aged 15-20 years old have poor knowledge, misconception and negative attitudes about medicines. Low level of knowledge may expose adolescents to health-related problems. Educational efforts are important to improve students' practice toward medicines. PMID:25061406

Eldalo, Ahmed S; Yousif, Mirghani A; Abdallah, Mustafa Awad

2014-07-01

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Knowledge, attitudes and practices in the provision of nutritional care.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

The nutritional care of patients is one of the primary responsibilities of all registered nurses (Persenius et al, 2008). A poor nutritional status can lead to malnutrition, which can have serious consequences for an individual\\'s quality of life (Field and Smith, 2008). This paper commences with an introduction to the concept of nutrition, provides an overview of nutritional guidelines and nutritional screening tools which identify those at risk of malnutrition. It reviews the literature on nurses\\' knowledge, attitudes and practices in the provision of nutritional care and debates challenges and opportunities encountered to help nurses ensure adequate patient nutrition.

Fletcher, Antoinette

2012-02-01

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KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES OF FARMERS TOWARDS ORGANIC FARMING  

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Full Text Available Organic farming is gaining popularity all over the world as it can diversify agricultural production system toward attaining improved productivity, farm income as well as food safety. The rise of organic farming was driven partly by consumers' concern with food quality and safety, as well as the protection of the environment. Organic Farming produces safe and nutritious food as it helps prevent soil pollution by stopping risky chemical reactions in the soil and avoiding produce contamination, as well as soil erosion, by wind and rain. One of the important parties that can enable the country to produce more organic products through organic farming is the growers or farmers. The final decision of farmers to use a new practice like organic farming system is usually the result of their knowledge of the practices as well as their perception. Therefore, the main purpose of this preliminary study was to investigate the knowledge, perception or attitude, and practices of vegetable growers towards organic farming. A survey method through face-to-face interview by using structured questionnaire was used to collect data from a total of 31 vegetable growers in Kundasang, Sabah which was selected by using simple random sampling method. The findings of the study show that the knowledge of the respondents on organic farming especially pertaining to the use of chemical insecticides, herbicides and fertilizers is still need to be improved, their attitude is also still negative, and they are still dependent on conventional practices (i.e. chemical especially to control pests and diseases.

Assis, K.

2011-06-01

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Knowledge, attitude, and practice of dyeing and printing workers  

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Full Text Available Background: Millions of workers are occupationally exposed to dyes in the world, but little is known about their knowledge and attitudes toward the effects of dye on their health. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the fabric dyers? and fabric printers? knowledge, attitude, and practice toward the health hazard of dyes. Materials and Methods: The present study was taken up in the Madurai district which is situated in the Southern Tamil Nadu, India. One hundred and forty-two workers employed in small-scale dyeing and printing units participated in a face-to-face confidential interview . Results: The mean age of fabric dyers and fabric printers was 42 years (?10.7. When enquired about whether dyes affect body organ(s, all the workers agreed that dye(s will affect skin, but they were not aware that dyes could affect other parts of the body. All the workers believed that safe methods of handling of dyes and disposal of contaminated packaging used for dyes need to be considered. It was found that 34% of the workers were using personal protective equipment (PPE such as rubber hand gloves during work. Conclusion: The workers had knowledge regarding the occupational hazards, and their attitudinal approach toward the betterment of the work environment is positive.

Paramasivam Parimalam

2010-01-01

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Nurses knowledge, attitude and practice in prevention of ICU syndrome  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Intensive care unit ICU syndrome is a disorder, in which patients in an ICU or a similar setting experience anxiety, hallucination and become paranoid, severely disoriented in time and place, very agitated, or even violent, etc. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP of nurses with regards to prevention of ICU syndrome (Delirium. Methods: Subjects of this research were 56 nurses with including criteria of registration in nursing, university degree and at least one month experience of working in open heart surgery ICUs. The data was gathered from 3 clusters in university hospitals equipped with open heart surgery ICUs in Tehran. All subjects were asked to fill in a questionnaire. Moreover all subjects were observed in all shifts. During observation, two researchers observed each subject simultaneously to achieve higher accuracy of observations. Descriptive and analytic statistics were applied to analysis the data. Results: The finding of the study showed that more than 53% of the subjects had passed a continuing education course, but less than 46% of them never passed a training course on ICU. According to this research, subjects, work experience in ICUs had significant relation on their knowledge with regard to prevention of ICU psychosis. However, it has not significant relation to their attitude and skill. Conclusion: According to the results of the study, subjects have little chance to be familiar with the concepts and elements of ICU syndrome in their university program. The finding also indicated that many subjects in this study were not familiar with the important concepts such as sleep deprivation, sensory overload and sensory deprivation, etc. Ongoing progression in high-tech ICUs brings about continuing nursing education programs for all nurses. The results also showed that stress factor in ICU, such as high mortality, isolation, high workload etc. Gradually influences nurses,attitude in ICU. So, it is strongly recommended to consider rotation of nurses in order not to impose high stress to ICU nurses.

Ali Dadgari

2007-01-01

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Knowledge, attitude, and practices of infertility among Saudi couples  

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Full Text Available Mostafa A Abolfotouh,1 Abdullah A Alabdrabalnabi,2 Rehab B Albacker,3 Umar A Al-Jughaiman,4 Samar N Hassan5 1King Abdullah International Medical Research Center (KAIMRC, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 2University of Dammam, College of Medicine, Dammam, Saudi Arabia; 3King Saud University, College of Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 4King Faisal University, College of Medicine, Dammam, Saudi Arabia; 5Division of Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Introduction: Infertility places a huge psychological burden on infertile couples, especially for women. Greater knowledge of the factors affecting fertility may help to decrease the incidence of infertility by allowing couples to avoid certain risk factors. The aim of our study was (1 to assess the knowledge and attitudes of infertile and fertile Saudi participants on infertility, possible risk factors, and social consequences; and (2 to determine the practices of infertile Saudi couples to promote their fertility before having them attend an in vitro fertilization (IVF clinic. Methods and materials: We conducted a cross-sectional study on 277 fertile participants from outpatient clinics and 104 infertile patients from the IVF clinic at King Abdulaziz Medical City between June 24, 2012 and July 4, 2012, using a previously validated interview questionnaire. Descriptive and analytical statistics were applied with a significance threshold of P ? 0.05. Results: A generally poor level of knowledge (59% and a neutral attitude (76% toward infertility were reported by participants. Mistaken beliefs commonly held by the study participants regarding the causes of infertility were Djinns and supernatural causes (58.8%, black magic (67.5%, intrauterine devices (71.3%, and contraceptive pills (42.9%. The healer/Sheikh was reported as the primary and secondary preference for infertility treatment by 6.7% and 44.2% of IVF patients, respectively. Compared with fertile patients, IVF patients were significantly less likely to favor divorce (38.5% versus 57.6%; P = 0.001 or marriage to a second wife (62.5% versus 86.2%; P < 0.001, if the woman could not have a baby. The patients with infertility had more favorable attitudes toward fertility drugs (87.5% versus 68.4%; P = 0.003 and having a test tube baby (92.4% versus 70.3%; P < 0.001. Child adoption was accepted as an option for treatment by the majority of IVF patients (60.6% and fertile outpatients (71.5%. Alternative treatments previously practiced by the IVF patients to improve fertility include practicing Ruqia (61%, using alternative medicine (42%, engaging in physical exercise (39%, eating certain foods (22%, and quitting smoking (12%. Conclusion: These findings have implications for health care providers regarding the reluctance that couples experiencing fertility problems may have, at least initially, to accept some interventions required for the couple to conceive. Keywords: infertility, knowledge, attitude, practice, KAP, misconceptions

Abolfotouh MA

2013-07-01

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AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and practices in Haiti.  

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AIDS constitutes an important public health problem in Haiti, where it appears to be spread mainly through heterosexual encounters. The study reported here employed in-depth interviews, focus group discussions, and a national cross-sectional survey of 1,300 men and 1,300 women 15 to 49 years old to assess AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and practices in Haiti. According to criteria established for the study, 38.1% of the 1,118 sexually active male survey respondents were found to engage in high-risk behavior. In general, the women were found to have better knowledge of AIDS than the men. Significant obstacles to condom use included the inability of women to choose whether condoms would be used and a belief that condom lubricant could cause health problems. The study also found a tendency to ostracize people with AIDS, especially in areas outside Port-au-Prince, and a belief that AIDS was imposed on people by fate--which could partially explain the tendency to persist in high-risk behavior. PMID:8220518

Adrien, A; Cayemittes, M; Bergevin, Y

1993-01-01

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KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF SELF MEDICATION IN SOUTHWEST ETHIOPIA  

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Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Self-medication is the selection and use of medicines by individuals to treat selfrecognised illnesses or symptoms and an important initial response to illnesses if successfully used. The objective of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude and practice of self medication among Medical Sciences Faculty students of Jimma University.METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted in Medical sciences Faculty students in 2009.The faculty and the three schools were selected by lottery method .Then, within the faculty respective number of students for each School was determined by proportion from the total sample size. Data was collected randomly from each School using self administered questionnaires and analyzed using SPSS version 16.0RESULTS: From a total of 403 (100% participants,95 (45.89% students practiced self medication in the past two months for commonly perceived illnesses such as headache 35 (36.85%, abdominal pain 29 (30.55% and cough 33 (23.16% using mainly analgesics 40(49.38% and antibiotics 29 (35.80% mostly from drug retail outlets 88(92.63. Fifty seven (60.00% respondents can recall the dose, frequency and duration of the medicine while 38 (40% did not know. Sixty five (68.42% students agreed to practice self medication irrespective of the seriousness of illnesses.CONCLUSION: Self mediation was widely practiced for minor symptoms with both OTC and prescription only drugs. Most of respondents use self medication irrespective of the seriousness of the illnesses. Lack of proper information and the ease of access from drug outlets were the most important problems.

Mulugeta Tarekegn Angamo et al.

2012-04-01

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Constructing Elementary Teachers' Beliefs, Attitudes, and Practical Knowledge through an Inquiry-Based Elementary Science Course  

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This study examines inservice elementary school teachers' beliefs, attitudes, and practical knowledge toward inquiry-based science instruction and the influence of an inquiry-based elementary science course on teachers' beliefs, attitudes, and practical knowledge regarding inquiry. Both surveys and a case study were administered to the 14…

Choi, Sanghee; Ramsey, John

2009-01-01

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Knowledge, attitude, and behavior among Saudis toward cancer preventive practice  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: To examine self-reported knowledge, attitude, and preventive practices on cancer among Saudis. Materials and Methods: Data was collected from Saudis aged 15 years or more, who attended one of the randomly selected 20 Primary Health Centers (PHC) or the four major private hospitals located in the Riyadh region, either as patients or their escorts. The association between the variables was evaluated by the Chi square test. Results: The study population consisted of 618 males and 719 females. Among the female respondents 23.1% reported that they practiced breast self-examination (BSE); 14.2 and 8.1%, respectively, had clinical breast examination (CBE) and mammography. However, 10.0 and 16.1% of the females, aged 40 years and older, reported having had mammograms and CBE, respectively. The BSE performers were more educated, knew someone with cancer, and had heard of the cancer warning signal. Both educational level and ‘heard of cancer warning signal’ were significantly related to CBE. Cancer information was received from television / radio by 65.1% and from the physician by 29.4%. Even though 69.4% believed that cancer could be detected early, a vast majority (95.8%) felt early detection of cancer was extremely desirable and 55.1% said their participation was definite in any screening program. A majority of the respondents (92.6%) insisted on the need for physician recommendation to participate and 78.1% expected that any such program should be conducted in the existing hospitals / clinics. Conclusion: Culturally sensitive health education messages should be tailored to fulfill the knowledge gap among all population strata. Saudis will benefit from partnerships between public health educators and media to speed up the dissemination of cancer information. PMID:22175041

Ravichandran, Kandasamy; Al-Hamdan, Nasser A.; Mohamed, Gamal

2011-01-01

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Knowledge, attitudes and practices of Ugandan men regarding prostate cancer  

Science.gov (United States)

Background The incidence of prostate cancer in Uganda is one of the highest recorded in Africa. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men in Uganda. Objective This study assessed the current knowledge, attitudes and practices of adult Ugandan men regarding prostate cancer. Subjects and Methods We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study using interviewer administered questionnaires and focus group discussions among 545 adult men aged 18–71 years, residing in Kampala, the capital of Uganda. Quantitative data were analyzed with SPSS version 20. Qualitative data were collected using audio recorded focus group discussions, transcribed and analyzed by clustering into themes. Results The majority of the respondents (324, 59.4%) were aged 18–28 years, 295 (54.1%) had heard about prostate cancer and 250 (45.9%) had never heard about it. The commonest source of information about prostate cancer was the mass media. Only 12.5% of the respondents obtained information about prostate cancer from a health worker, 37.4% did not know the age group that prostate cancer affects and 50.2% could not identify any risk factor for prostate cancer. Participants in the focus group discussions confused prostate cancer with gonorrhea and had various misconceptions about the causes of prostate cancer. Only 10.3% of the respondents had good knowledge of the symptoms of prostate cancer and only 9% knew about serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) testing. Although 63.5% thought they were susceptible to prostate cancer, only 22.9% considered getting and only 3.5% had ever undergone a serum PSA test. Conclusion There was generally poor knowledge and several misconceptions regarding prostate cancer and screening in the study population. Community based health education programs about prostate cancer are greatly needed for this population.

Nakandi, H.; Kirabo, M.; Semugabo, C.; Kittengo, A.; Kitayimbwa, P.; Kalungi, S.; Maena, J.

2014-01-01

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Association between Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Cardiovascular Disease among Women in Kelantan, Malaysia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been realized as a primary cause of death in women for almost a century. However, the relationship between women’s knowledge, their wish and action on practicing heart healthy lifestyle is still vague. Aim and Objectives: This research aimed to determine the association between knowledge and attitude, knowledge and practice and attitude and practice on cardiovascular disease among women in Kelantan. Methods/ Study Design: A cross sectional stud...

Ranimah Yahya; Rosediani Muhamad; Harmy Mohamed Yusoff

2012-01-01

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Dentists' knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding oral cancer in Iran.  

Science.gov (United States)

Dentists are usually the first group who can examine patients for oral cancer and the early diagnosis highly depends on their knowledge. In this study, we aim to survey the Iranian dentists' knowledge, attitude, and behaviors regarding oral cancer. A valid and reliable self-administered questionnaire was designed and sent to 150 dentists. Responses to the questionnaires were analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistics. Just one fifth of the dentists reported to perform oral cancer examination for all of their patients in age of 40 and above and about 34 % of them were knowledgeable. They mostly claimed that the lack of knowledge is the main barriers to the provision of routine oral cancer examinations. The opinion of dentists about the effectiveness of continuing education courses supports the development of these courses on oral cancer. Besides, more emphasis should be placed on oral cancer prevention in dental schools. PMID:23508899

Razavi, Sayed Mohammad; Zolfaghari, Behzad; Foroohandeh, Mehrdad; Doost, Mostafa Emami; Tahani, Bahareh

2013-06-01

 
 
 
 
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Nurse Educators' and Nursing Service Personnel's Knowledge of and Attitudes Toward Computer Use in Nursing Practice  

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The purpose of this descriptive study was to assess nurse educators' and nursing service personnels' knowledge of and attitudes toward computer applicability to nursing practice in order to facilitate planning future education in the area of computer-based nursing practice. The data yielded no significant differences between nurse educators' and nursing service personnels' knowledge of and attitudes toward computer use in nursing practice. There were, however, significant differences in knowl...

Merrow, Sherry Lynne

1985-01-01

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Knowledge, attitude and preventive practices for breast cancer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To determine the knowledge and practice of the breast cancer in medical community. The study was carried out in the Department of Oncology, Service Hospital, Lahore and completed in one month. Subjects and Methods: About 200 female doctors and nurses of the Hospital were involved. Each subject was asked to fill up a pro forma designed to assess knowledge, risk factors and preventive practices of the breast cancer. Using non-probability convenience sampling technique, breast self-examination (BSE) and mammography was performed as screening of breast cancer. Results: A majority had good knowledge of the risk factors and screening method for the early detection of breast cancer. Majority had the consensus on the benefit of mammography. Conclusions: The study shows that although medical professionals had fairly good knowledge about screening methods and risk factors of breast cancer. Their preventive practices were scanty in high risk population and, therefore, physicians and nurses need proper training. (author)

23

Study of knowledge, attitude and practice concerning aspects of torture.  

Science.gov (United States)

The report presents the first attempt of the IMA-AKN Sinha Institute of continuing medical and health education and research to study the knowledge, attitude and practice of doctors regarding torture. Although, majority of the doctors in India are aware of various national and international human rights institutions, but they seem not to be aware of the human rights of the detainees. It is interesting to note that the doctors are aware of the long term physical and psychological effects of torture and also agreed that physical examination is not sufficient to detect torture sequelae. A large number of doctors have seen cases of torture, and were willing to treat them and felt reasonably competent. A significant number of doctors justified use of coercive technique and manhandling in dealing with detainees by law enforcement agencies. A small number of doctors expressed their unwillingness to get involved in the treatment of the victims of torture due to medicolegal consequence. The dissemination of information on human rights and medical ethics and incorporating them into the medical curriculum at undergraduate and postgraduate training was emphasised by majority of the respondents. Almost unanimous view was expressed by respondents on the importance of the role of medical ethics and the profession's responsibility to its members. An important finding of the study is the need for IMA to help establishing counselling and rehabilitation centres for treatment of torture victims and educate its members. A large number of doctors mentioned the need of initiating community action in case of rape, child abuse, dowry victims and sexual harassment. Further, a majority of respondents expressed the view that the medical association should take the responsibilities of protecting the doctors who fearlessly testify cases of torture besides disciplining doctors who facilitate torture. Respondents felt that the reasons for doctors' participation in torture need further study. It is encouraging that most of the responding physicians are willing to take up training and become counsellor for victims of torture to be able to provide treatment, counselling and rehabilitation. PMID:11002645

Sobti, J C; Chapparawal, B C; Holst, E

2000-06-01

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Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices Regarding Whole Body Donation Among Medical Professionals in a Hospital in India  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes a survey conducted among medical practitioners in India. The study's objective was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of whole body donation among medical professionals in India. Outcomes and results are discussed.

2011-05-05

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KNOWLEDGE,ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS ABOUT NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING DURING PREGNANEY  

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Full Text Available Introduction.With respect to the importance of nutritional counselling during pregnancy, the improtance of knowledge, attitude and practice of health care providers is undisputable. In this study the knowledge, attitude and practice of the health care providers in the city of shiraz with respect to the nutritional counseling in pregnancy was investigated. Methods. The survey was done upon all who practicing in MCH unit of heath care centers in the city of shiraz. The intended information was gathered using a checklist and questionnaire from 75 heath care providers. Results. Knowledge is in middle level in 60 percent, attitude is positive in 98.7 percent and practice is poor in 90.67 percent of samples. Midwifery school graduations have more knowledge than other (P < 0.05. Discussion. Education of nutritional sciences for health care providers has an important role in health promotion. During special situations such as pregnancy, this matter is more important.

G BROMAND-FAR

2001-12-01

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Evaluation of knowledge, Attitude and Practice between Periodontal Disease and Diabetes  

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Full Text Available Introduction: The importance of the periodontal health maintenance and promotion in diabetes mellitus has been supported. Evidence showed that many patients are unaware about effects of diabetes mellitus on oral health. The aim of this study is to evaluate knowledge, attitudes and practice of diabetic patients concerning the risk of periodontal disease and prevention. Materials and Methods: In this cross sectional study, 156 diabetic patients referring to Yazd Diabetic Research Center were recruited by random selection. Patients completed questionnaires, which included 29 questions about their knowledge, attitude and practice of oral health in diabetes mellitus. The data was scored and analyzed. Result: The results showed knowledge (58.64 and attitude (46.86 scores of diabetic patients were moderate, while their practice (24.3 score were poor. There is statistical significant relation between mean scores of knowledge, attitude and practice of patients with their educational level and age. Conclusion: This study showed knowledge, attitude and practice level of diabetic patients were insufficient on oral health care.

Fazele Atarbashi Moghadam

2013-07-01

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Computer vision syndrome: A study of the knowledge, attitudes and practices in Indian Ophthalmologists  

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Purpose: To study the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) towards computer vision syndrome prevalent in Indian ophthalmologists and to assess whether ?computer use by practitioners? had any bearing on the knowledge and practices in computer vision syndrome (CVS). Materials and Methods: A random KAP survey was carried out on 300 Indian ophthalmologists using a 34-point spot-questionnaire in January 2005. Results: All the doctors who responded were ...

Bali Jatinder; Navin Neeraj; Thakur Bali

2007-01-01

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Food Safety Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Hospital Food Handlers in Davao City  

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Full Text Available The study determined the relationships between food safety knowledge and practices of hospital food handlers in Davao City and also between their attitudes and practices regarding food safety. Questionnaire patterned after the Key Food Safety Guidelines of Pacific Northwest Publications was administered to 51 food handlers to generate the data. It was found that hospital food handlers in Davao City are highly knowledgeable and have favorable attitudes in food safety. The extent of food safety practices of food handlers in general is high except for their practices in cooking foods adequately and in keeping foods at safe temperatures which are only at moderate extent. In addition, there was no significant difference in the knowledge, attitudes and practices of food handlers regarding food safety when they were grouped according to sex, age, level of education and length of service. In general, this study revealed that neither of the knowledge nor attitudes of the hospital food handlers were able to establish significant relationships with their practices regarding food safety.

Jason O. Molina

2012-10-01

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Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices towards Medication Use among Health Care Students in King Saud University  

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Full Text Available Background: Health sciences students are expected to have appropriate knowledge and attitudes toward medication use. However, literary evidence of such expertise among health sciences students of King Saud University is unknown. This study was completed to assess the knowledge about medicines and behavior of health science students towards safe use of medications. It also aims to assess the health knowledge, attitude and practices of the students. Methods: This cross-sectional study used a questionnaire consisting of 24 questions. This was administered by the researcher between October and December 2009 in the colleges of medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, applied medical science and nursing of the King Saud University. The survey consisted of three parts: Ten questions assessed the students’ knowledge on drug safety (Part 1. Four questions assessed student attitude toward medication consultations by the pharmacist (Part 2 and ten questions involved medication use practices and consultation with pharmacists (Part 3. A stratified sampling method was used to select participants. Results: Pharmacy students had better medication knowledge compared to other health sciences students especially regarding antihypertensive drugs, antibiotics, paracetamol and antacids (p<0.05. Pharmacy students showed a positive attitude regarding the trustworthiness of a pharmacist to give a consultation. Nearly all other health science students showed a negative attitude about dispensing and consultation concerning nutritional supplements by a pharmacist. All health sciences students had a similar perception toward medication use and practice. Conclusion Pharmacy students had better knowledge about medication practice compared to other health sciences students. All other health sciences students lacked the appropriate attitude and practice related to the safe use of medications.

Abdullah T. Eissa

2013-11-01

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Early Childhood Teachers' Computer Attitudes, Knowledge and Practices.  

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A sample of 250 early childhood teachers were surveyed to identify their computer attitudes. Found a general sequence of stages that early childhood teachers go through when implementing the computer into the classroom: a stage of focus on buying computers; a stage of confusion; a stage of pulling it all together; and finally, a stage of full…

Landerholm, Elizabeth

1995-01-01

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Soy Protein and Coronary Heart Disease: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of College Students  

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This study assessed how knowledge of soy protein and its relationship to heart disease influences the attitudes and practices of college students. Results showed that family members, schools, and newspapers were the primary sources of students' nutritional information. One fourth of the participating students answered at least four nutrition…

Herring, Theresa A.; Bakhiet, Raga M.

2007-01-01

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Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Clinicians in Promoting Physical Activity to Prostate Cancer Survivors  

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Objectives: This study examined the knowledge, attitudes and practices of clinicians in promoting physical activity to prostate cancer survivors. Design: A purposeful sample was used and cross-sectional data were collected using an anonymous, self-reported online questionnaire or an identical paper-based questionnaire. Settings: Health services…

Spellman, Claire; Craike, Melinda; Livingston, Patricia M.

2014-01-01

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Diet-Related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Low-Income Households with Children.  

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Compared the level of nutrition knowledge of low- and higher-income American consumers with children, and their nutrition attitudes and practices. Found that both groups had Body Mass Indexes above the range of a healthy weight, but that low-income participants were less likely to know nutrition specifics such as diet/disease relationships or…

Guthrie, Joanne F.; Morton, Joan F.

1999-01-01

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Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Osteoporosis Among a Group of Iranian Adolescent Females (2007  

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Full Text Available Background and aim: Osteoporosis, a multifactor disease characterized by reduction of bone mass. It is a major cause of fractures especially femoral fractures leading to morbidity, mortality and decreased quality of life. Although there is no known cure, osteoporosis and related fractures are largely preventable. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP are the important components of any effective preventive program.The purpose of this investigation was to determine the level of KAP of osteoporosis among a group of Iranian adolescent females. Materials and Methods: A descriptive study was conducted to determine the KAP level of osteoporosis on 626 randomly selected school girls aged 10-19 (13.9±1.4 years coming from rural and urban regions of Tehran and  other provinces to students' camp in north of Tehran. A designed questionnaire with four parts containing questions regarding demographic information, knowledge, attitude and practice was used in this study. Questions were made based on YES/NO and Don't Know in knowledge and attitude (this third option allowed the respondent a choice without guessing and just Yes /No related to the practice. Students were asked to read the guidelines and then to complete the questionnaire when they were in the camp. We descript +2 for correct responses, 0 for incorrect responses and +1 for don't know answers. The ethical committee of the Iran University of Medical Sciences & Health services approved the study. The SPSS version 11.5 statistical software was used for analysis. ANOVA, Pearson and student t-test were performed to compare mean values and significant P- value was considered at P<0.05. Results: The total score of KAP was 2-65(43.3±13.8 .In details a range between 14-30(23±2.9, 10-22(19.2±2.4 and 2-18(10.1±2.8 were seen in knowledge, attitude and practice respectively. There was a direct correlation between total score of KAP and parents' education. Students& Knowledge and attitude, and also attitude and practice had a positive correlation. There were no relationship between parents occupation, family number and total score of KAP. Conclusion: Iranian adolescent females would have relevant knowledge about osteoporosis but attitude and practice of them were less than knowledge. We recommend to perform further training programs to increase practice of Iranian young women about osteoporosis.

Jalil Kuhpayeh Zadeh

2009-03-01

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Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards Standard Isolation Precautions among Iranian Medical Students  

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Full Text Available Objective: Health care workers especially medical students are at risk of being exposed to blood-borne pathogens. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of medical students towards standard isolation precautions (SIP. Methods: A standardized questionnaire was completed by 148 medical students from April to July of year 2009 to seek their knowledge, attitude and practice towards standard isolation precautions in a clinical setting at Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Results: The mean score of knowledge, attitude and practice towards standard isolation precautions were 6.8±2.1 (maximum 10, 16.6±4.2 (maximum 20, and 18.05 ± 4.5 (maximum 30 respectively. Significant differences were observed between practice of female and male (P < 0.008 and also knowledge of year 6 and year 7 students (P <0.021. Conclusion: Education on infection control based on standard isolation precaution must be stressed and barriers of appropriate practice must be removed.

Ameneh Barikani

2012-02-01

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Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Herbal Remedies in A Group of Infertile Couples  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate knowledge, attitude and practice of herbal remedies (HRs in infertile patients. This was a cross sectional study in a referral infertility care center. Three hundred and six outpatients, both women and men, presenting for the first time with complaint of infertility at Arash hospital, were recruited. Verbal consent for participation was received. A self administered questionnaire was used. Main outcome measure was knowledge, attitude and practice of patients toward herbal medications. 47.3% of participants were knowledgeable of HRs with female gender and lower educational background being the associated factors in knowledge. 43.4% of patients with significant female dominancy had positive attitude toward HRs. 31% of participants were using HRs. Only 3.2% of those using HRs informed their physician. The most common health condition promoting herbal use was psychological (33.3% and gastrointestinal (30.8% disorders. 3.5% of participants used HRs as fertility treatment which was significantly observed in women and those with lower levels of formal education. A considerable proportion of our population had used HRs without sufficient knowledge and had positive attitude toward HRs. More importantly, patients did not disclose their use of HRs to physicians. Therefore, physicians should inquire about the use of alternative remedies and provide patients with appropriate information

Ladan Kashani

2013-03-01

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Knowledge, attitude and practice of herbal remedies in a group of infertile couples.  

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The aim of this study was to evaluate knowledge, attitude and practice of herbal remedies (HRs) in infertile patients. This was a cross sectional study in a referral infertility care center. Three hundred and six outpatients, both women and men, presenting for the first time with complaint of infertility at Arash hospital, were recruited. Verbal consent for participation was received. A self administered questionnaire was used. Main outcome measure was knowledge, attitude and practice of patients toward herbal medications. 47.3% of participants were knowledgeable of HRs with female gender and lower educational background being the associated factors in knowledge. 43.4% of patients with significant female dominancy had positive attitude toward HRs. 31% of participants were using HRs. Only 3.2% of those using HRs informed their physician. The most common health condition promoting herbal use was psychological (33.3%) and gastrointestinal (30.8%) disorders. 3.5% of participants used HRs as fertility treatment which was significantly observed in women and those with lower levels of formal education. A considerable proportion of our population had used HRs without sufficient knowledge and had positive attitude toward HRs. More importantly, patients did not disclose their use of HRs to physicians. Therefore, physicians should inquire about the use of alternative remedies and provide patients with appropriate information. PMID:23605605

Kashani, Ladan; Hassanzadeh, Elmira; Mirzabeighi, Arefeh; Akhondzadeh, Shahin

2013-01-01

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Association between Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Cardiovascular Disease among Women in Kelantan, Malaysia  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Cardiovascular disease (CVD has been realized as a primary cause of death in women for almost a century. However, the relationship between women’s knowledge, their wish and action on practicing heart healthy lifestyle is still vague. Aim and Objectives: This research aimed to determine the association between knowledge and attitude, knowledge and practice and attitude and practice on cardiovascular disease among women in Kelantan. Methods/ Study Design: A cross sectional study was conducted in Kelantan, Malaysia. A total of 448 women attended primary care facilities in Kelantan were included in this study. Twostage sampling process was used to select clinics in all districts in Kelantan followed by female participants from selected clinics attendance lists. Recruited were non illiterate young adult women up to 65 years of age and without psychotic symptoms. Consented participants were given a set of validated KAP questionnaire that should be completed within 15 minutes. Findings: The respondents’ mean age was about 40 years with majority of them having secondary educational level and coming from low socio-economic group. Among them, 56.8% involved in tobacco products and 41.3% reported as having CVD related medical illnesses, especially obesity (23.7% and hypertension (17.6%. About 56.2% had family history of CVD risk. Only 26.8% of them obtained the CVD information from health care workers. The good knowledge, attitude and practice score were 55.6%, 55.1 % and 51.1% accordingly. There were significant association between attitude and knowledge, practice and knowledge and practice and attitude which were found to be strong (0.10, 0.20, (0.10, 0.18 and (0.26, 0.40 95% CI, respectively and is independent with socio-demographic and personal disease characteristic. Conclusion: Positive relationship between knowledge, attitude and practice will encourage primary care doctors to take this challenge to educate, motivate community and provide full support to those who wish to modify their lifestyle.

Ranimah Yahya

2012-08-01

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Knowledge, attitude and practices of Egyptian industrial and tourist workers towards HIV/AIDS.  

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This study explored knowledge, attitudes and practices towards HIV/AIDS infection among 1256 Egyptian industrial and tourism workers aged 16-40 years. Compared with industrial workers, tourism workers had a significantly better perception of the magnitude of the HIV/AIDS problem worldwide as well as in Egypt and of the likelihood of the problem worsening. Knowledge of tourism workers was also significantly better about causative agent of AIDS and methods of transmission. Both groups had negative attitudes towards patients living with HIV/AIDS concerning their right to confidentiality and to work. Both groups had a positive attitude towards behaviour change for protection from HIV/AIDS, principally via avoidance of extramarital sexual relations and adherence to religious beliefs. Use of condoms as a way to avoid HIV/AIDS was reported by only 0.4% of workers. PMID:19161085

El-Sayyed, N; Kabbash, I A; El-Gueniedy, M

2008-01-01

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Evidence-Based Practice: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Beliefs of Social Workers in Romania  

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Full Text Available The social work profession has been undergoing a period of change and has been encouraged to prove the effectiveness of clinical interventions by scientific evidence. This study was therefore designed to describe the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of a sample of Romanian social work professionals to evidence-based practice (EBP. 62 social workers were required to complete a 37-item closed ended questionnaire, which collected information on demographic data, practice settings, knowledge, attitudes and beliefs regarding EBP. Respondents agreed that the use of EBP was necessary and that the quality of patient care was better when evidence was used, with the younger physiotherapists at the fore front. About 50% of the respondents had access to online information; the majority of these respondents only had time to access the internet more at home rather than at work place. The primary barrier to implementing EBP was insufficient time. The respondents had a positive attitude towards EBP and were interested in improving the skills necessary to implement EBP. There was a need to increase the use of EBP in clinical practice and decision making among social workers. The respondents who were recently licensed and those with post-graduate education expressed more positive attitudes toward EBP than those who were not. Results also point out the issue of appreciative inquiry (AI as a key-component in successful implementation of EBP in social work clinical settings.

Patricia RUNCAN

2012-09-01

 
 
 
 
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Knowledge, attitude and practice related to liver fluke infection in northeast Thailand  

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AIM: To investigate the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) in prevention and control of liver fluke infection in northeast Thailand. METHODS: A descriptive KAP survey pertaining to liver fluke infection was carried out in June 2005 to October 2006 using structured questionnaires. Data were collected by questionnaires consisting of general parameters, knowledge, attitude, practice, and a history of participation in the prevention and control of liver fluke infection. RESULTS: A total of 1077 persons who were inter-viewed and completed the questionnaires were enrolled in the study. The majority were females (69.5%) and many of them were 15-20 years of age (37.26%). The questionnaires revealed that information resources on liver fluke infection included local public health volunteers (31.37%), public health officers (18.72%), televisions (14.38%), local heads of sub-districts (12.31%), doctors and nurses (9.18%), newspaper (5.72), internets (5.37%), and others (12.95%). Fifty-five point eleven percent of the population had a good level of liver fluke knowledge concerning the mode of disease transmission and 79.72% of the population had a good level of prevention and control knowledge with regards to defecation and consumption. The attitude and practice in liver fluke prevention and control were also at a good level with a positive awareness, participation, and satisfaction of 72.1% and 60.83% of the persons studied. However, good health behavior was found in 39.26% and 41.42% of the persons studied who had unhygienic defecation and ate raw cyprinoid’s fish. The result also showed that 41.25% of the persons studied previously joined prevention and control campaigns. CONCLUSION: The persons studied have a high level of liver fluke knowledge and positive attitude. However, improvement is required regarding personal hygiene specifically with hygienic defecation and consumption of undercooked fish. PMID:17465477

Kaewpitoon, Natthawut; Kaewpitoon, Soraya J; Pengsaa, Prasit; Pilasri, Chutigan

2007-01-01

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Knowledge Attitudes and Practice about Pap Smear among Women Reffering to A Public Hospital  

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Full Text Available Objective: The Pap smear is a reliable, inexpensive and effective screening test for cervical cancer; the second most common cancer among women worldwide. We aimed to determine women’s knowledge, attitudes and practice towards Pap smear and barriers for the screening in a public hospital.Materials and methods: This study, was carried out on 350 outpatient married women reffering for a visit at the clinics of the Alzahra educational hospital, Rasht- Iran, 2011. A questionnaire including demographic characteristics (24 questions, knowledge (14 questions, attitudes (11 statments and practice (10 questions towards Pap smear was completed by interview with the women. The data were analyzed using SPSS ver.13.Results: Mean age of participants was 32 (SD 12 years. Of the respondents, only 44.3% were aware of the Pap smear and 27.1% had had it at least once in their life. The most common reason for having the test was physicians’ or other health workers’ advise and for not having the test was no recommendation by health providers and lack of knowledge about Pap smear. Embarrassing, fear of the test result or economic problems mentioned by only 12 (4.2% as the main barrier. Mean (±SD knowledge score of the women who had heard about the Pap smear was 59.4 (24.3 and attitudes score of all participants was 48.5 (11.6 from possible range score of 0-100. Women with a history of Pap smear had had higher awareness and attitudes score.Conclusion: The knowledge and practice of the women was inadequate and need to be promoted. Considering the main reason mentioned by the participants for not having the test, all health providers should educate and encourage women to do regular Pap smear.

Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh- Charandabi

2012-12-01

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Knowledge, Attitude and Practice between Medical and Non-Medical Sciences Students about Food Labeling  

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Background: Considering the significant role of consumers’ awareness about food labels in making healthy food choices, this study was designed to assess the knowledge, attitude and prac-tice of university students about food labeling.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 332 students aged 18-25 yr in five different academic ma-jors (including Nutrition, Public Health, Health Services Administration, Paramedical and En-gineering) were asked to complete an approved questionnaire contained f...

Aida Malek Mahdavi; Paria Abdolahi; Reza Mahdavi

2012-01-01

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Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of University Students Regarding the Use of Nutritional Information and Food Labels  

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The food nutrition label provides the nutrition information that helps consumers on food choices and used to give us information so that customer can choose between foods. This study was aimed to determine the association between knowledge, attitude and practices on food label use and to determine the factors that influence the use of food labels during making food purchasing decision among university students. A cross-sectional study of undergraduate students at UiTM Puncak Alam in the Kuala...

Khairil Anuar, M. I.; Norazmir, M. N.; Nurliyana, G.

2011-01-01

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Knowledge Attitudes and Practice about Pap Smear among Women Reffering to A Public Hospital  

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Objective: The Pap smear is a reliable, inexpensive and effective screening test for cervical cancer; the second most common cancer among women worldwide. We aimed to determine women’s knowledge, attitudes and practice towards Pap smear and barriers for the screening in a public hospital.Materials and methods: This study, was carried out on 350 outpatient married women reffering for a visit at the clinics of the Alzahra educational hospital, Rasht- Iran, 2011. A questionnaire including demo...

Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh- Charandabi; Sedighe Rezaie-Chamani; Mahin Kamalifard

2012-01-01

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Current knowledge, attitudes and practices of women on breast cancer and mammography at Mulago Hospital  

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BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the third commonest cancer in Ugandan women. Women present late for breast cancer management which leads to high mortality rates. The objective of the study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of Ugandan women concerning breast cancer and mammography.METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study where 100 women reporting to the Radiology department were interviewed. We used consecutive sampling. Interviewer-administered questionnaires were...

Michael, Kawooya G.; Nakatudde Rebecca; Rosemary, Byanyima K.; Muyinda Zeridah; Gonzaga, Mubuuke A.; Businge Francis; Kiguli-Malwadde Elsie

2010-01-01

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Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Cardiovascular Disease among Women in North-Eastcoast Malaysia  

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Introduction: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a leading killer not only in men but also in women worldwide and primary target for prevention. However, majority initial researchers believed it was mainly a men’s disease that resulted in fewer women being informed regarding the disease.Aim and Objectives: A cross sectional study was conducted to determine the level of knowledge, attitude and practice on cardiovascular disease among women attended outpatient clinics with Family Medicine Specia...

Rosediani Muhamad; Ranimah Yahya; Harmy Mohamed Yusoff

2012-01-01

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Assessment of knowledge, attitudes and practices about adrenal insufficiency in the critically ill among endocrinologists and intensivists practicing in Chennai  

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Background: Adrenal insufficiency is a common occurrence in the critically ill and it is essential that intensivists and endocrinologists involved in the care of these patients have a good understanding of the concepts related to this condition. Objectives: To assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices about adrenal insufficiency in the critically ill among the endocrinologists and intensivists practicing in the city of Chennai. Materials and Methods: Questionnair...

Sathya A; Srinivasan B; Parasuraman G; Ravikumar L; Mahadevan S.; Sriram U; Gopichandran V

2006-01-01

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Knowledge, attitude, and practices of pe diatricians about children’s oral health  

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Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND AIM:Many pediatric oral diseases are preventable if physicians recognize and encourage preventivecare and refer patients to dentists whenever necessary. Parents usually visit pediatricians for routine care during the firstfew years of a child’s life. Therefore, pediatricians have can assist dental professionals by educating parents to maintaintheir children's oral health.The main objective of this study was to determine knowledge, attitude, and practices ofpediatricians about the oral disease prevention.METHODS:A piloted questionnaire was completed by volunteer pediatricians and pediatric residents in Kerman, Iran. Itcomprised a series of questions including sociodemographic and practice characteristics, knowledge about the riskfactors for oral diseases, attitude toward oral disease prevention, practicing preventive care for oral diseases, andinformation about oral diseases.RESULTS:Overall, 60 subjects participated in the study. Less thanhalf of the respondents knewall the main risk factorsof dental caries, gingivitis, and malocclusion. There was also a positive attitude that caries can be prevented (100%.Less than 10% of the participants prescribeddietary fluoride supplements for their patients.CONCLUSIONS:Although we found inadequate knowledge about oral and dental diseases among pediatricians, themajority of our subjects believed that they had animportant responsibility in preventing oral diseases

Elham Bozorgmehr DDS

2012-09-01

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Current knowledge, attitudes and practices of women on breast cancer and mammography at Mulago hospital  

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Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the third commonest cancer in Ugandan women. Women present late for breast cancer management which leads to high mortality rates. The objective of the study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of Ugandan women concerning breast cancer and mammography.METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study where 100 women reporting to the Radiology department were interviewed. We used consecutive sampling. Interviewer-administered questionnaires were used to collect opinions of the participants. For data analysis, answers were described as knowledge, attitude, practice and they were correlated with control variables through the chi-square. Bivariate and logistic regression analyses were also used. RESULTS: Most of the women (71% had no idea about mammography. More than 50% did not know about risk factors for breast cancer. The attitude towards mammography was generally negative. Regarding seeking for mammography; level of literacy, occupation and marital status were significant on bivariate analysis, however only level of literacy and employment remained the significant independent variables on logistic regression analysis. The main barrier to mammography was mainly lack of information. CONCLUSION: Women in this study had inadequate knowledge and inappropriate practice related to mammography as a procedure for breast cancer investigation.

Kawooya G. Michael

2010-05-01

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Knowledge, attitude and practice towards zoonoses among public health workers in Nyanza province, Kenya  

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Full Text Available We sought to determine the knowledge and attitude of public health workers (PHWs with respect to emerging and re-emerging zoonotic diseases and the practice of one health approach in the surveillance of zoonoses in the community. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 12 randomly selected districts of Nyanza province, Kenya. One hundred and ten randomly-selected PHWs were assessed using a structured questionnaire. Data were collected on their knowledge, attitudes and practices about common zoonotic diseases. Eighty-nine (81% questionnaires were received back. Eighty-seven (98% said they discuss zoonotic diseases with the local villagers during their community health work. The most commonly discussed disease was rabies (n=39. Seventy-six (85% respondents reported ever discussing zoonoses with their veterinary colleagues. Over 85% of the PHWs asked for refresher training on H1N1, and 51% require training on highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1. Despite fair knowledge of rabies among the PHWs in Nyanza province, there is need for improving their attitude of the emerging and reemerging zoonoses. There is also need to improve their practice in terms of collaboration with the veterinarians in zoonoses surveillance in the community.

Darryn Knobel

2012-10-01

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Knowledge, Attitudes, and Beliefs that Can Influence Infant Feeding Practices in American Indian Mothers.  

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The promotion of healthy infant feeding is increasingly recognized as an important obesity-prevention strategy. This is relevant for American Indian populations that exhibit high levels of obesity and low compliance with infant feeding guidelines. The literature examining the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs surrounding infant feeding within the American Indian population is sparse and focuses primarily on breastfeeding, with limited information on the introduction of solid foods and related practices that can be important in an obesity-prevention context. This research presents descriptive findings from a baseline knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs questionnaire on infant feeding and related behaviors administered to mothers (n=438) from five Northwest American Indian tribes that participated in the Prevention of Toddler Overweight and Teeth Health Study (PTOTS). Enrollment occurred during pregnancy or up to 6 months postpartum. The knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs questionnaire focused on themes of breastfeeding/formula feeding and introducing solid foods, with supplemental questions on physical activity. Knowledge questions were multiple choice or true/false. Attitudes and beliefs were assessed on Likert scales. Descriptive statistics included frequencies and percents and means and standard deviations. Most women knew basic breastfeeding recommendations and facts, but fewer recognized the broader health benefits of breastfeeding (eg, reducing diabetes risk) or knew when to introduce solid foods. Women believed breastfeeding to be healthy and perceived their social networks to agree. Attitudes and beliefs about formula feeding and social support were more ambivalent. This work suggests opportunities to increase the perceived value of breastfeeding to include broader health benefits, increase knowledge about solid foods, and strengthen social support. PMID:24951434

Eckhardt, Cara L; Lutz, Tam; Karanja, Njeri; Jobe, Jared B; Maupomé, Gerardo; Ritenbaugh, Cheryl

2014-10-01

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Knowledge, attitudes, and practices concerning infection control among travelers between Taiwan and mainland China.  

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With an increase in the number of travelers around the world in recent years, widespread efforts to control the human-transmissible influenza and increased surveillance among poultry and humans should be given the highest priority. The purpose of this article is to describe an examination of the passengers traveling via "mini links" from Xiamen (China) to Kinmen (Taiwan) with reference to their knowledge and practice on infection control measures and satisfaction with public health policies. A survey of perceptions, attitudes, and practices was accordingly carried out. Although some research has been conducted on selected health topics and patients, little research has examined the perceptions of normal travelers. The results demonstrate that travelers' perception of risk for infection control was high; by contrast, their practices were not sufficient. The content analysis of this study also provides an empirical starting point for future research into combining travelers' knowledge and practice on disease problems with the worldwide public health policies. PMID:21984493

Chen, Chien Min; Tsai, Jan Sin; Chen, Sheu Hua; Lee, Hong Tau

2011-09-01

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Knowledge, practices and attitudes about ICT among nurses of Alto Paraná  

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Full Text Available Background: ICT competencies are now essential for nurses in optimizing their care services and their training. Objective: To analyze knowledge, attitudes and practices related to ICT, in de population of public hospital and ISP’s nurses of Alto Paraná, Paraguay. Methods: A quantitative, descriptive and transversal study was conducted. Data were collected from 130 professionals, during June and July of the year 2011, through interviews and by application of a questionnaire of open and closed questions and a Likert scale.Results: The dimensions of knowledge and use shows elementary levels, but the attitude toward ICT is favorable. Discussion: This last fact and the finding of a predominantly young population suggest that interventions aimed at training have a high probability of success.

Carmen Noelia Espínola López

2013-06-01

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Evaluation of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of General Dentists Regarding Oral Cancer in Sari, Iran  

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Full Text Available Background: Oral cancer has emerged as a significant cause of global public health concern. If a cancerous lesion is diagnosed in primary stages, the survival rate would be higher. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate knowledge, attitude and practice of general dentist regarding oral cancer in Sari, Iran . Methods: This cross sectional analytical study was performed on general dentists of Sari, Iran. The dentists were given a questionnaire including demographic characteristics of the dentists and questions about knowledge, attitude and practice regarding oral cancer. Data were subjected to SPSS 18 .0. Quantitative data were reported as mean (±SD and qualitative data were shown as percent. Kolmogorov - Smirnoff sample test, t - test (p<0.07 was considered statistically significant’ equivalent nonparametric test and Spearman’s rho test was used for sta tistical analysis . Results: Total mean score of knowledge, mean score of females and mean score of males was 20.88±8.53, 20.96±7.62 and 20.71±10.43, respectively. Age and sex had no correlation with score of knowledge. Conclusion: Dentists of Sari do not ha ve enough knowledge about oral cancer

Mohammad Mehdizadeh

2014-06-01

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Evaluation of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of General Dentists Regarding Oral Cancer in Sari, Iran  

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Background Oral cancer has emerged as a significant cause of global public health concern. If a cancerous lesion is diagnosed in primary stages, the survival rate would be higher. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate knowledge, attitude and practice of general dentist regarding oral cancer in Sari, Iran. Methods This cross sectional analytical study was performed on general dentists of Sari, Iran. The dentists were given a questionnaire including demographic characteristics of the dentists and questions about knowledge, attitude and practice regarding oral cancer. Data were subjected to SPSS 18.0. Quantitative data were reported as mean (±SD) and qualitative data were shown as percent. Kolmogorov- Smirnoff sample test, t-test (p<0.07 was considered statistically significant)’ equivalent nonparametric test and Spearman’s rho test was used for statistical analysis. Results Total mean score of knowledge, mean score of females and mean score of males was 20.88±8.53, 20.96±7.62 and 20.71±10.43, respectively. Age and sex had no correlation with score of knowledge. Conclusion Dentists of Sari do not have enough knowledge about oral cancer.

Mehdizadeh, Mohammad; Seyed Majidi, Maryam; Sadeghi, Saber; Hamzeh, Mahtab

2014-01-01

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Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Physicians in the Treatment of Hypertension in North-Central Nigeria  

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Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Hypertension is a global health hazard and most cases are first attended to by the physicians. Achieving a control will depend on the knowledge, attitude and practice of the physicians. We therefore determined the knowledge, attitude and practices of physicians on the detection and treatment of arterial hypertension in north-central Nigeria. Design and Methods: A cross-sectional study of 100 of the 250 physicians attending a continuing medical education lecture series in Bida was conducted using a pre-validated self administered questionnaire. Results: The mean age of the physicians was 41.05 ± 8.71 years and 59 (73.8% were males. Forty-one (51.2% of them have practiced for more than 10 years. Arterial hypertension was considered an important health problem by 93.8% of the physicians, 30% of them believed that it should not be referred to a specialist. Majority of the physicians request for urinalysis (96.2%, electrocardiogram (95.0%, fasting blood glucose (88.8%, blood urea nitrogen (98.8% and fasting lipid profile (97.5% to either assess target organ damage or associated co-morbid conditions. Fifty-seven (71.2% of the physicians prescribe diuretics as the initial drug. However, the knowledge of the other drugs on initiation of therapy of mild uncomplicated hypertension was poor. The sources of information on arterial hypertension by physicians were scientific programs (73.8%, drug companies (38.8% and journals in 11.3%. Conclusion: The knowledge, attitude and practice of physicians in the detection and management of hypertension were modest. Educative programs like continuing medical education, seminars, and conferences on cardiovascular disorders are advised to be organized regularly to strengthen these and update the physicians.

Umar Gati Adamu

2014-05-01

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A Study on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Voluntary Blood Donation among Medical Students in Puducherry, India  

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Full Text Available Knowledge, attitude and practice studies have been used to understand the various factors that influence blood donation which is the basis for donor mobilization and retention strategies. Role of youngsters in voluntary blood donation is crucial to meet the demand of safe blood. The present study was aimed to assess the level of knowledge, attitude and practice regarding voluntary blood donation among the health care students. A validated and pre-tested questionnaire on knowledge, attitude and practice on blood donation were assessed among 371 medical students from Sri Lakshmi Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Institute, Puducherry, India. Result showed that knowledge on blood donation among respondents was 44.8% (1st year 36.7%, 2nd year 42.8% and 3rd year 54.9%. About 62.6% of non-donors (1st year 51%, 2nd year 61% and 3rd year 77% showed positive attitude by expressing their willingness to donate blood while 22.8%.of the non-donors had negative attitude (1st year 33%, 2nd year 23% and 3rd year 13%. In practice 13.2% of students had donated blood (1st year 10%, 2nd year 13% and 3rd year 24%, in which 2.7% of male students alone donating blood on regular basis. Over all 3rd year student showed significantly higher knowledge compared with 1st years, in attitude and practice section 3rd year student’s showed significantly higher positive attitude and practice than that of 1st and 2nd years. The present study reveals that there is a positive association among knowledge, attitude and practice on blood donation, which suggest that positive attitude and practice can be improved by inculcating knowledge on blood donation among college students to recruit and donate blood regularly, which will help to achieve 100% of blood donation on voluntary basis.

S. Latha

2013-01-01

59

Screening for hypertension. Assessing the knowledge, attitudes and practice of primary health care physicians in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.  

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Current working primary health care physicians having poor knowledge of screening hypertension and favorable attitudes towards screening people for hypertension. Thus most probably, this actual practice is not yet optimal. Measures to remedy this situation were suggested.

A. S. Al-Khashman

2001-12-01

60

Knowledge, attitude and practice of physiotherapists towards promotion of physically active lifestyles in patient management  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Physiotherapists as primary health care practitioners are well placed in promoting physically active lifestyles, but their role and practice towards its promotion among patients in Nigeria has not been fully investigated. This study was therefore aimed at determining the knowledge, attitude and practice of Nigerian physiotherapists towards promotion of non-treatment physical activity among patients. Methods Three hundred and eight practicing physiotherapists from various public and private hospitals in 14 states of Nigeria completed an adopted 20-item questionnaire, which collected information on physical activity promotion in physiotherapy practice. Result Respondents with good knowledge and attitude towards physical activity promotion in patient management were 196(63.6% and 292(94.8% respectively. Only 111 (36% of the respondents counselled more than 10 patients in the past one month on the benefits of adopting a more physically active lifestyle. Chi-square analysis showed a significant association between low practice of physical activity promotion in patient management with inadequate consultation time (?2?=?3.36, p?=?0.043, years of working experience of physiotherapists (?2?=?11.37, p =0.023 and relative physical activity levels of physiotherapists (?2?=?11.82, p?=?0.037. The need for Physical activity recommendation guideline was supported by 287 (97% respondents. Conclusion Nigerian physiotherapists have good knowledge and attitude towards promotion of physically active lifestyle in their patients but do not counsel many of them, due to insufficient consultation time. Integrating brief counselling into usual treatment sessions is perceived as the most feasible form of physical activity promotion in patient management.

Aweto Happiness A

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Evaluation of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Dental Patients of Smoking Effects on Oral Health  

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Full Text Available Introduction: The harmful effects of cigarette smoking on oral health are well established. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge and attitude of dental patients about the effects of smoking on oral health and their cessation efforts.Methods and materials: In this descriptive analysis-cross sectional study, 905 patients from dental clinics in Kerman were selected. They were asked to complete a self- administered structured questionnaire on the effects of smoking on oral health. The questionnaire consisted of questions about demographic data, smoking status, patients' knowledge and attitude about the effects of smoking and cessation efforts of them. Finally, data was analyzed with SPSS program, t test and x2 test.Result: A total 905 patients (53% men and 47% women were studied. The mean age was 32.76 ± 9.509. The prevalence of smoking was 20.5%. The relationship between sex and education and smoking was significant (p value = 0.0001. Mean Knowledge score was 53.95%. Smoking patients and men were significantly less aware of the effects of smoking on oral health. In this study, 54.9% of smoking patients had tried to quit smoking. Only 12.2% had taken counselling. The attitude toward cigarettes was passive.Conclusion: Results of this study showed that the knowledge about effects of smoking on oral health, especially oral cancer, was low. Therefore dentists have a key role for awarding their patients of such effects and are placed to be have a key role in tobacco prevention and cessation.Keywords: Cigarette, Oral manifestations, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Dental patients

M Rad

2007-01-01

62

Evaluation of knowledge, attitude and practice of students’ parents about fissure sealant therapy  

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Full Text Available "nBackground and Aims: Fissure sealant therapy is a national program in elementary schools in Iran. Therefore, evaluation of the parents' knowledge and attitude is necessary to improve the program."nMaterials and Methods: In this cross-sectional and descriptive-analytic study, Iranian students were chosen in a randomized cluster manner. The questionnaires were filled-out by students' parents to evaluate their general information, knowledge, and attitude. Moreover, students were examined for having any fissure-sealed teeth. Data were collected and analyzed by multiple logistic regression tests."nResults: 414 boy students and their parents were participated in this study. 57.6% of parents knew that fissure sealant prevents the caries and 44.5% believed that fissure sealant is important to prevent caries. However, only 8.9% of children had fissure sealant. Parents' knowledge was significantly related to the source of oral health information and oral health education. Regular dental visits and high level education was effective in increasing the knowledge about sealant therapy. There was a significant relation between parents' attitude toward fissure sealant and level of education, oral health education and numbers and times of dental visit (P<0.001. There were a significant relation between tooth sealing and parents' oral health information."nConclusion: Regular dental visits and oral health education have positive role in parent's knowledge and attitude and practice. So parents must be encouraged to have regular dental visit and dentists must be emphasized to give them necessary education. School is the best place for giving proper information to parents.

Golestan B

2011-02-01

63

A study on knowledge, attitude and practice of contraception among college students in Sikkim, India  

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Objective To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of contraception among the college students. Materials and Methods A cross sectional study was conducted in the Government College, Gangtok, Sikkim, during the month of April 2009 to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practice of contraception among 156 students enrolled in the first year bachelor course. Descriptive statistics was used for data analysis. Results 98% (153/156) of the students had knowledge about family planning and 86% (134/156) of them had heard about contraceptives. Most of them knew about condoms (85%) and contraceptive pills (40%) but knowledge about permanent methods and Cu-T was poor (average 12%). Most students thought contraceptives were to be used to prevent unwanted pregnancy (35%) and for birth spacing (30%). 11% of students had used some form of contraceptive in the past and 7% were currently users. The most commonly used contraceptives were condoms, followed by combined use of OCP and condom. Conclusion The study highlights the need to motivate the youth for effective and appropriate use of contraceptives when required and arrest the trend towards unwanted pregnancy. PMID:24591903

Renjhen, Prachi; Kumar, Ashwini; Pattanshetty, Sanjay; Sagir, Afrin; Samarasinghe, Charmaine Minoli

2010-01-01

64

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Cardiovascular Disease among Women in North-Eastcoast Malaysia  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Coronary heart disease (CHD is a leading killer not only in men but also in women worldwide and primary target for prevention. However, majority initial researchers believed it was mainly a men’s disease that resulted in fewer women being informed regarding the disease.Aim and Objectives: A cross sectional study was conducted to determine the level of knowledge, attitude and practice on cardiovascular disease among women attended outpatient clinics with Family Medicine Specialists in Kelantan from June to December 2010.Methods/ Study Design: A total of 448 women from 7 out of 14 clinics run by Specialist with age ranged between 25 and 65 years were selected via systematic random sampling in the ratio of 1:2 based on clinic attendance lists. Excluded were those who illiterate and having psychotic symptoms. All of consented participants were given a set of validated KAP questionnaire to be completed within 15 minutes.Findings: Majority of respondents were Malays with mean age of 39.9 years. Among them, 3.1% were smokers and 41.1% claimed having medical illness, the commonest was obesity (23.6%. About 87% of women knew that smoking is a risk factor. However, less than 20% knew about menopause. More than 80% knew typical symptoms whereas less than half realised atypical symptoms. Less than 20% of them knew the cholesterol risk target. Only 13% of women practiced exercise as required. The mean (SD for knowledge and practice score were 70.6 (13.76 and 63.7(13.59 accordingly. The median (IQR for attitude score was 88.2 (14.71. Thus the good knowledge, attitude and practice score were 55.6%, 55.1 % and 51.1% respectively.Conclusion: A structured educational programme and utilization of available CVD guidelines should be reinforced as a better preventive strategy to overcome this problem.

Rosediani Muhamad

2012-01-01

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Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Patients Visiting a Diabetes Care Unit  

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Full Text Available All patients if given proper guidance and education regarding diabetes care would be able to make significant improvement in their life-style which is helpful for good glycemic control. Education to diabetic patients would be more effective if we know the level of knowledge, attitude and practices of our patients. Thus a study was conducted to assess the general characteristics, knowledge, attitude and practices of type 2 diabetic patients attending the Out-Patient Department (OPD of Baqai Institute of Diabetology and Endocrinology (Karachi, Pakistan. Fifty-seven percent of the patients were overweight or obese. Only 10.7% had good glycemic control. Sixty seven percent did not do exercise of any kind. The overall awareness about the risk of complications was satisfactory but the misconceptions regarding diet, insulin and diabetes were quite common. This study highlights the need for better health information to the patient through large scale awareness programmes so as to change the attitude of our public regarding diabetes.

Naeema Badruddin

2002-01-01

66

Physiotherapists' knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding clinical prediction rules for low back pain.  

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Clinical Prediction Rules (CPRs) have been developed to assist in the physiotherapy management of low back pain (LBP) although little is known about the factors that may influence their implementation in clinical practice. This study used qualitative research methodology to explore the knowledge, attitudes and practices/behaviours of physiotherapists in relation to these tools. Four semi-structured focus groups involving 26 musculoskeletal physiotherapists were conducted across three Australian geographic regions. A fictitious LBP case scenario was developed and used to facilitate group discussion. Participant knowledge of CPRs was found to be mixed, with some clinicians never having previously encountered the term or concept. LBP CPRs were often conceptualised as a formalisation of pattern recognition. Attitudes towards CPRs expressed by study participants were wide-ranging with several facilitating and inhibiting views identified. It was felt that more experienced clinicians had limited need of such tools. Only a small number of participants expressed that they had ever used LBP CPRs in clinical practice. To optimise the successful adoption of an LBP CPR, researchers should consider avoiding the use of the term 'rule' and ensure that the tool and its interface are uncomplicated and easy to use. Understanding potential barriers, the needs of clinicians and the context in which CPRs will be implemented will help facilitate the development of tools with the highest potential to positively influence physiotherapy practice. PMID:24176916

Haskins, Robin; Osmotherly, Peter G; Southgate, Erica; Rivett, Darren A

2014-04-01

67

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice regarding HIV/AIDS among University students in Xinjiang  

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Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this paper is to assess the level of knowledge on HIV/AIDS and its risk factors, attitude towards HIV/AIDS and AIDS patients and its transmission and to identify high risk behaviors associated with HIV/AIDS among university students in Xinjiang. Methodology: A cross–sectional survey was conducted among students enrolled in two universities, the Xingjiang University (XU and Xinjiang Medical University (XMU. Data was collected using self-administered standardized questionnaire on attitude and practice regarding HIV/AIDS among 200 students randomly selected students from XU and 200 students from XMU Result: Among the 400 students who participated in the study Overall, the mean knowledge score was 19.3 +5.5. Their knowledge score ranges from 2 to 30. Mean knowledge scores is significantly different by ethnicity, sex, subject major, and year of study in university. Only 33.3% of the respondents had positive attitude towards HIV/AIDS patient. With regards high risk behavior associated with HIV transmission, 15.8% had at least 1 risk behavior related to unprotected sexual exposure Conclusion: HIV/AIDS health education efforts should be intensified in non-medical universities, among female students, first year students and Uyghur and other minorities. About two-thirds of the university students in Xinjiang had negative attitude towards HIV/AIDS and HIV/AIDS patients. At the same time about 15% of these students reported having at least 1 high risk behavior related to sex and unprotected sex.

Namaitijiang Maimaiti

2010-09-01

68

Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding smoking cessation among Chinese affiliates of women's organisations in Hong Kong.  

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Volunteers and staff of women's organisations who are highly active in engaging and providing community service can be recruited to motivate female smokers to quit. We described the knowledge and attitudes regarding tobacco control and smoking cessation among these affiliates in Hong Kong and identified factors associated with the practices of cessation interventions. Eight of 14 women's organisations joining the Women Against Tobacco Taskforce agreed to participate. All staff, volunteers, and members of the eight organisations were invited to complete a self-administered anonymous questionnaire during July and August 2006. A total of 623 out of 771 (80.8%) affiliates responded. Their knowledge on smoking and health (mean = 3.91, SD = 1.44 on a range of 0-7), smoking related diseases (mean = 2.91, SD = 0.97 on a range of 0-4), and women-specific diseases (mean = 2.93, SD = 1.87 on a range of 0-6), was considered to be inadequate. They had positive attitudes towards tobacco control (mean = 3.31, SD = 0.55) and their own role in smoking cessation counselling (mean = 3.19, SD = 0.56) on a 4-point Likert scale and 39.3% reported had attempted to offer quitting advice. Logistic regression analysis found that participants having direct contact with smokers who had a positive attitude towards their own role in smoking cessation counselling (OR = 2.57; 95% CI = 1.67-3.95) and better knowledge of smoking and smoking-related diseases (OR = 1.35; 95% CI = 1.06-1.71) were more likely to provide cessation counselling after controlling for gender; knowledge on smoking and health, and women-specific diseases; attitude towards tobacco control, negative and positive attitudes towards female smokers, and perceived self-efficacy in smoking cessation counselling. Women's organisations showed limited support towards tobacco control and their affiliates had a limited knowledge on smoking and health but had positive attitudes. Appropriate training, capacity building and establishing rapport with women's organisations are needed to promote smoking cessation and to support tobacco control in the community. PMID:21129069

Leung, Doris Y P; Chan, Sophia S C; Fu, Idy C Y; Lam, Tai-hing

2011-03-01

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Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Regarding Cervical Cancer and Screening among Haitian Health Care Workers.  

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It is estimated that Haiti has the highest incidence of cervical cancer in the Western Hemisphere. There are currently no sustainable and affordable cervical cancer screening programs in Haiti. The current status of screening services and knowledge of health care professionals was assessed through a Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices survey on cervical cancer screening and prevention. It was distributed to Project Medishare for Haiti health care workers (n = 27) in the Central Plateau. The majority (22/27) of participants stated pre-cancerous cells could be detected through screening, however, only four had ever performed a pap smear. All of the participants felt a screening program should be started in their area. Our data establishes that knowledge is fairly lacking among healthcare workers and there is an opportunity to train them in simple, cost effective "screen-and-treat" programs that could have a great impact on the overall health of the population. PMID:25390794

Zahedi, Leilah; Sizemore, Emma; Malcolm, Stuart; Grossniklaus, Emily; Nwosu, Oguchi

2014-01-01

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Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Regarding Cervical Cancer and Screening among Haitian Health Care Workers  

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Full Text Available It is estimated that Haiti has the highest incidence of cervical cancer in the Western Hemisphere. There are currently no sustainable and affordable cervical cancer screening programs in Haiti. The current status of screening services and knowledge of health care professionals was assessed through a Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices survey on cervical cancer screening and prevention. It was distributed to Project Medishare for Haiti health care workers (n = 27 in the Central Plateau. The majority (22/27 of participants stated pre-cancerous cells could be detected through screening, however, only four had ever performed a pap smear. All of the participants felt a screening program should be started in their area. Our data establishes that knowledge is fairly lacking among healthcare workers and there is an opportunity to train them in simple, cost effective “screen-and-treat” programs that could have a great impact on the overall health of the population.

Leilah Zahedi

2014-11-01

71

Nutritional Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Bodybuilding Trainers in Ahwaz, Iran  

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This study was conducted to determine the nutritional knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of male and female bodybuilding trainers in Ahwaz, one of the 7 major cities of Iran. KAP questionnaires which contained information about nutrients, food groups, using of supplements and ergogenic aids, were completed by trainers. Sixty three certified male bodybuilding trainers (37.9 ? 2.7 y) and 30 certified female trainers (37.3 ? 8.1 y) were recruited from all clubs of the city. All of the ...

Seyed Mohamad Hosein Mosavi Jazayeri; Reza Amani

2004-01-01

72

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of School Teachers Towards Oral Health in Pondicherry  

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Background: School teachers by virtue of their training can influence a large number of children thereby play major role in the planning and implementation of oral health preventive programs. Hence, this study was undertaken with the objective of assessing the knowledge, attitude and practice of school teachers towards oral health. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey conducted among school teachers of the city of Pondicherry. A structured questionnaire was used and 212 teachers were assessed on their knowledge on oral health, attitude and practice regarding their personal oral health, attitude regarding oral health of children and status of oral health education at the schools. All data collected was entered into SPSS version 21.0. Results: Around 47% of the participants felt that bacteria and sugar are the main causes of dental caries, while 42% felt that plaque and calculus are the main agents for periodontal disease. Around 82.5% teachers brushed twice daily. However, only 32% felt it is necessary to visit dentist regularly. While 86% of the teachers felt that children’s teeth should be checked by dentist, only 51% agreed that it is their duty to impart oral health education to the students. Conclusion: The knowledge regarding oral health among school teachers was fair. Oral Health education must be imparted to preschool and primary school teachers as a part of National Oral Health care Program on a regular basis and further studies must be done to assess their awareness levels and make the necessary changes in further education modules.

P., Sivsankar; M.A., Easwaran; L., Subitha; N., Bharath; K., Rajeswary; S., Jeyalakshmi

2014-01-01

73

Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of University Students Regarding the Use of Nutritional Information and Food Labels  

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Full Text Available The food nutrition label provides the nutrition information that helps consumers on food choices and used to give us information so that customer can choose between foods. This study was aimed to determine the association between knowledge, attitude and practices on food label use and to determine the factors that influence the use of food labels during making food purchasing decision among university students. A cross-sectional study of undergraduate students at UiTM Puncak Alam in the Kuala Selangor district of Malaysia was conducted in June until July 2011. Three hundred twenty nine students (n = 329 volunteered to complete a Food Label Use Questionnaire (FLUQ which included question about sociodemographics, level of knowledge about food and nutrition, attitude and practices related to using food labels and factors affecting the use of food labelling. Hypothesis testing was completed using Independent t-test, Pearson chi-square and descriptive analysis in which the statistical significant level was set at a = 0.05. The results show that, only 21.6% of the students often use the food label during food purchasing decision. These study shows that the practices by read the nutrition information were significantly associated with the use of food label (p<0.05. The important aspect during buying food product was expiry date (98.5%, taste (95.7%, price (92.4% and nutrient content (90.5% were significantly associated with the use of food label. The students attitude which is do not know how to use nutritional information label (p = 0.028 and label was not attractive (p = 0.037 were significantly associated on food label use.

M.I. Khairil Anuar

2011-01-01

74

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Residents in Patient Training at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Northwestern Iran  

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Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and skill of clinical residents in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, northwestern Iran, (as the future specialists, as well as their attitudes on the necessity of patient education, and the practice and responsibility of the residents in this field. Methods: Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of a random selection of 380 clinical residents at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences were assessed in 2011 through a comprehensive questionnaire about education. The data were analyzed using SPSS software.Results: There was no significant relationship between the two variables of sex and study period and the knowledge variable during the residency. However, there was a significant positive correlation between knowledge and age variables (P<0.05. The level of knowledge rose with aging because the amount of the model significance was less than0.05. Besides, the coefficient of sex was positive by regression analysis. There was no significant relationship between the previous variables and attitude variable. No significant relationship was seen between the previ¬ous variables and practice variable. Conclusion: The influence of age, sex, and year of study was apparent in the knowledge of the residents, but no considerable influence was shown in their practices and attitudes. Some educational strategies are needed to improve the practices and attitudes of the training group.

Amirala Aghbali

2014-05-01

75

Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to healthy childbearing in the West Coast / Winelands  

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Full Text Available Many of the known risk factors associated with low birth weight (LB W infants, such as socio-economic status, ethnicity, genetic makeup, and obstetric history, are not within a woman’s immediate control. However, there are many things that a woman can do to improve her chances of having a normal healthy child. Lifestyle behaviours, such as cigarette smoking, nutrition and the use of alcohol, play an important role in determining the growth of the foetus. There is a high rate of low birth weight infants bom to women living and working on the farms in the Western Cape. Very little is known about the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the women living and working on the farms that may be influencing their pregnancy outcomes. The aim of this qualitative exploratory study was to establish the knowledge, attitudes and practices of reproductive age women related to lifestyle factors such as alcohol use, smoking and nutrition, and the perceptions of these factors by health care workers, in Stellenbosch and Vredendal areas (small towns in the Western Cape.

LC Maart

2008-09-01

76

ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES IN THE MANAGEMENT OF DIABETES MELLITUS AMONG ELDERLY PEOPLE  

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Full Text Available As a person gets older he/she is prone to many diseases. Among them diabetes mellitus is most prevalent. Diabetes is the major threat to the growing elderly population, the existence of this condition markedly increases multi-systemic complications. Hence the study on knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP in the management of diabetes among elderly people was envisioned. The study was conducted with an objective to study the KAP in the management of diabetes among elderly people. A total sample of 1200, constituting of 600 men and 600 women, between the age group of 65-76 years were randomly selected from 30 areas of urban Bangalore. A Structured Interview Schedule (SIS developed by the investigators to study the KAP in the management of diabetes among elderly. The obtained data was tabulated and subjected to statistical analysis by applying percentage analysis, chi-square and 't' test. The results showed moderate knowledge, fair attitude and not so good practice in the management of diabetes among the respondents.

Roopa, K. S

2014-04-01

77

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices concerning the exams used for early prostate cancer screening among men from two suburbs in Medellín  

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Full Text Available Objective: to identify the knowledge, attitudes, and practices associated with the exams used for early prostate cancer screening among men living in two suburbs in Medellín. Methodology: a cross-sectional study conducted using a stratified probability sampling and a guided survey with 38 questions. Percentages were used for the descriptive analysis. Likewise, the prevalence ratio and the confidence interval at 95% with a significance value of p < 0.05 were calculated in the bivariate analysis. Results: eighty-three surveys were conducted in 14 life clubs (social organizations of elderly people in suburbs 2 and 4 of Medellín. The results showed that 68.7% of participants had adequate knowledge, 43.4 % n appropriate attitude, and 38.6 % adequate practices. It was observed that men with the adequate knowledge were 1.9 times (IC 95 % = 1.4-2.7 likely to also have an adequate attitude compared to those with inadequate knowledge. Similarly, men with adequate attitude were 1.8 times (IC 95 % = 1.2-2.7 likely to also have adequate practices compared to men with an inadequate attitude. Discussion: It is necessary to strengthen the interventions aiming to prevent prostate cancer among the poorest and most vulnerable men, since they are less likely to have adequate knowledge, attitude, and practices

Nora A. Montealegre H

2012-02-01

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Knowledge, attitudes and practices of health-care personnel towards waste disposal management at Ain Shams University Hospitals, Cairo.  

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This study assessed knowledge, attitudes and practices of health-care providers towards waste management at Ain Shams University Hospitals, Cairo, Egypt. In this cross-sectional study 110 physicians, 151 nurses and 89 housekeepers were interviewed using a pre-designed questionnaire. Housekeepers were significantly more knowledgeable than physicians or nurses about hospital policies and systems for waste disposal, but less so about specific details of disposal. Housekeepers also had the highest overall scores for attitudes to waste disposal among the 3 groups. Significantly more nurses had satisfactory practice scores (84.0%) than did physicians (67.3%) (housekeepers were not assessed). Training and duration of work experience were not significantly associated with knowledge, attitude and practice scores, except for nurses with longer work experience, who were more likely to have satisfactory knowledge about waste disposal than less experienced nurses. PMID:24952293

Hakim, S A; Mohsen, A; Bakr, I

2014-05-01

79

Pilot Study of Pesticide Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices among Pregnant Women in Northern Thailand  

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Full Text Available An estimated 200,000 children born in Thailand each year are at risk of prenatal exposure to pesticides and associated neurodevelopmental outcomes because of their mothers’ agricultural occupations. Children born to non-agricultural workers may also be at risk of exposure from other pathways of maternal pesticide exposure, including exposure through home use, diet, and other environmental media. Pesticide exposure in Thailand has been linked to unsafe practices and beliefs about pesticides. However, limited information exists on pesticide knowledge, attitudes, and practices among pregnant women in Thailand or elsewhere. Obtaining this information is essential to understand the factors associated with prenatal pesticide exposure, identify populations potentially at risk, and ultimately protect pregnant women and their children. We administered surveys to 76 pregnant women in northern Thailand and used multivariable logistic regression to evaluate associations among pesticide-related knowledge, pregnancy trimester, and pesticide use behavior. In this pilot study, lower knowledge score and earliest trimester of pregnancy were marginally (p < 0.1 associated with unsafe practices in the home, but not at work. Women who worked in agriculture or applied pesticides before becoming pregnant, or who had a previous child were significantly (p < 0.05 more likely to engage in unsafe behaviors in the home during their current pregnancy. We preliminarily conclude that increasing pesticide-related knowledge among pregnant women may help promote safe practices and reduce prenatal exposure. Knowledge-based interventions may be most effective when implemented early in pregnancy and targeted to agricultural workers and other sub-populations at risk of pesticide exposure.

Anne M. Riederer

2012-09-01

80

AN EXAMINATION OF AUSTRALIAN GENERAL PRACTITIONERS’ KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND PRACTICES IN RELATION TO SLEEP DISORDERS  

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Full Text Available Background: Sleep disorders represent an under-recognised public health problem and are reported to be underdiagnosed in general practices.Aims: To examine general practitioners’ (GPs attitude, knowledge and practice behaviour and identify barriers to detection,diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders encountered in the Australian primary care setting.Method: Using mixed methods, quantitative data from the Dartmouth Sleep Knowledge Questionnaire (DSKQ were analysedusing MS Excel 2007. Qualitative data were obtained from one focus group and eight interviews. Data were thematicallyanalysed.Results: 15 GPs participated; seven in a focus group and eight in interviews. Scores from DSKQ suggest gaps in GPs’knowledge. Qualitative analysis revealed that patients frequently presented with sleep disorders underpinned by mentalhealth disorders. GPs agreed that prescribing pharmacological interventions was undesirable and behavioural interventionswere preferred. Barriers included limited training for GPs, lack of resources, patient expectations and willingness to engagein lifestyle changes, and consultation time constraints.Discussion: Greater flexibility to investigate sleep related problems within the standard consultation and improved accessto educational activities could assist GPs. Patient factors, such as adherence to management strategies, are paramount tosuccessful management of sleep disorders; however, these obstacles to clinical practice may be difficult to overcome.Conclusion: Providing education for GPs about sleep disorders, greater flexibility within consultations may improve patientcare and patient engagement in management strategies may assist, yet a critical success factor in disease managementincludes patient engagement in management strategies.

C Hassed

2012-08-01

 
 
 
 
81

Anesthesia Personnel's Knowledge of, Attitudes Toward, and Practice to Prevent Needlestick Injuries.  

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Anesthesia personnel are at risk for needlestick injuries (NSIs). This study evaluated the knowledge of, attitudes toward, and practice of preventing NSIs among anesthesia personnel in four Iranian university hospitals. A self-administered anonymous questionnaire was distributed to 104 anesthesia personnel. In addition, hospital infection control center records were reviewed. The prevalence of NSI among anesthesia personnel was 56.8%. Only 32.2% reported their NSI. Men were more knowledgeable about the risks associated with NSI and the application of standard precautions than women, but were also more likely to experience NSI. Standard precautions were often not followed. In contrast with other hospital staff, most reported NSIs among anesthesia personnel produced high-risk exposures. The knowledge and prevention practices of anesthesia personnel related to needles and other sharps were not satisfactory. These health care providers need appropriate training on standard precautions and administrative oversight to improve their practices. Anesthesia personnel's gender and position should also be considered to improve compliance. PMID:24971820

Motavaf, Mahsa; Mohaghegh Dolatabadi, Mahmoud R; Ghodraty, Mohammad R; Siamdoust, Seyed Alireza Seyed; Safari, Saeid; Mohseni, Masood

2014-06-01

82

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices with respect to Epilepsy among Preparatory School Students in Mekelle city, Ethiopia  

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Full Text Available Background: Epilepsy, one of the most common serious chronic brain disorders, is poorly understood by the public and has been associated with numerous misconceptions and beliefs. This, coupled with its sometimes dramatic clinical manifestations, has often resulted in a strong social stigma.Objective: This study was conducted to find out knowledge, attitudes and practices toward epilepsy among preparatory school students in Mekelle, North Ethiopia.Methods: A semi-structured questionnaire used previously by various authors was self-administered to 391 students studying in four preparatory schools in Mekelle, North Ethiopia.Results: About 85.7% had heard about epilepsy, 19.23% had read on the subject, 67.03% had known someone with epilepsy and 57.14% had witnessed a seizure. Those who would offer equal employment opportunities to people with epilepsy (PWE, refuse to associate with, or refuse to marry PWE represented 64%, 16.8%, and 44.8%, respectively. Negative attitudes seemed to be reinforced by beliefs that epilepsy is evil spirit (33.24%, contagious (28.6% or a kind of insanity (51.6%. Majority of respondents (70.33% opted for Holy water, followed by physicians (64.01%, traditional healer (44.78% and prayers (32.14%.Conclusions: The study revealed practices and knowledge toward epilepsy were limited, especially with respect to epilepsy’s cause, manifestation, and management. Moreover, there were statistically significant differences between respondents attitude with respect to epilepsy based on age, gender, level of education, religion and school category.

Mulat Gedefa

2012-03-01

83

Knowledge, attitudes, and preventive practices about colorectal cancer among adults in an area of Southern Italy  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Colorectal cancer (CRC is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer for both sexes in developed countries. This study assessed the knowledge, attitudes, and preventive practices regarding CRC of adults in Italy. Methods A random sample of 1165 adults received a self-administered questionnaire on socio-demographic characteristics; knowledge regarding definition, risk factors, and screening; attitudes regarding perceived risk of contracting CRC and utility of screening tests; health-related behaviors and health care use; source of information. Results Only 18.5% knew the two main modifiable risk factors (low physical activity, high caloric intake from fat and this knowledge was significantly associated with higher educational level, performing physical activity, modification of dietary habits and physical activity for fear of contracting CRC, and lower risk perception of contracting CRC. Half of respondents identified fecal occult blood testing (FOBT as main test for CRC prevention and were more knowledgeable those unmarried, more educated, who knew the main risk factors of CRC, and have received advice by physician of performing FOBT. Personal opinion that screening is useful for CRC prevention was high with a mean score of 8.3 and it was predicted by respondents' lower education, beliefs that CRC can be prevented, higher personal perceived risk of contracting CRC, and information received by physician about CRC. An appropriate behavior of performing FOBT if eligible or not performing if not eligible was significantly higher in female, younger, more educated, in those who have been recommended by physician for undergo or not undergo FOBT, and who have not personal history of precancerous lesions and familial history of precancerous lesions or CRC. Conclusion Linkages between health care and educational systems are needed to improve the levels of knowledge and to raise CRC screening adherence.

Marinelli Paolo

2008-06-01

84

U.S. and Canadian pharmacists' attitudes, knowledge, and professional practice behaviors toward dietary supplements: a systematic review  

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Abstract Background Although dietary supplements (DS) are widely sold in pharmacies, the legal, ethical, and practice responsibilities of pharmacists with respect to these products have not been well defined. This systematic review of pharmacists' attitudes, knowledge, and professional practice behaviours toward DS is intended to inform pharmacy regulators' and educators' decision making around this topic. Methods Eligible studies were identified through a syste...

Boon Heather; Hirschkorn Kristine; Kwan Della

2006-01-01

85

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice between Medical and Non-Medical Sciences Students about Food Labeling  

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Full Text Available Background: Considering the significant role of consumers awareness about food labels in making healthy food choices, this study was designed to assess the knowledge, attitude and prac-tice of university students about food labeling.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 332 students aged 18-25 yr in five different academic ma-jors (including Nutrition, Public Health, Health Services Administration, Paramedical and En-gineering were asked to complete an approved questionnaire contained fifteen questions. The chi-square test was applied to examine the differences across various major groups.Results: 89.2% of the students believed that food labels had effect on nutritional awareness. 77.4% were agreed with the usefulness of the food labels and 79.2% did not feel that nutrition claims on food label were truthful. For 84% of students, the expiry date and storage conditions information were the most important informational cues to appear on the food labels. From 47.6% of students who reported the use of nutrition facts label in their often or always shopping; only 32.3% used the information on labels to fit the food into their daily diet. Surprisingly, fatty acids were the least noteworthy items (1.9% on nutrition facts labels. Regarding students’ major, there was significant difference in their knowledge, attitude and practice about truth of the nutri-tion claims, using food labels and importance of health claims (P<0.05.Conclusion: Food labels were more useful tools for students and had an effect on their nutri-tional awareness. Designing and implementation of the educational programs in order to increase the level of knowledge about food labels is suggested.

Aida Malek Mahdavi

2012-12-01

86

Knowledge, attitudes and practice pertaining to depression among primary health care workers in Tanzania  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Examination of consultation data in a variety of primary care settings in Tanzania shows that, while psychoses are routinely diagnosed and treated at primary care level, depression is rarely recorded as a reason for consultation. Since, epidemiological studies elswhere show that depression is a much more common disorder than psychosis, a series of studies were undertaken to elucidate this apparent paradox in Tanzania and inform mental health policy; firstly, a household prevalence study to ascertain the prevalence of common mental disorders at community level in Tanzania; secondly, a study to ascertain the prevalence of common mental disorders in primary care attenders; and thirdly, a study to ascertain the current status of the knowledge, attitude and practice pertaining to depression among primary health care workers. This paper reports the findings of the latter study. Methods All the primary health care workers (N = 14 in four primary health care centres in Tanzania were asked to complete the Depression Attitude Questionnaire, which assesses the health worker's knowledge and attitude towards the causes, consequences and treatment of depression. Results The majority of respondents felt that rates of depression had increased in recent years, believed that life events were important in the aetiology of depression, and generally held positive views about pharmacological and psychological treatments of depression, prognosis and their own involvement in the treatment of depressed patients. However, the majority of respondents felt that becoming depressed is a way that people with poor stamina deal with life difficulties. Conclusion The findings suggest a need to strengthen the training of primary health care workers in Tanzania about the detection of depression, pharmacological and psychological treatments, and psychosocial interventions.

Shah Ajit

2009-02-01

87

Knowledge, attitudes and practices survey on organ donation among a selected adult population of Pakistan  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background To determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding organ donation in a selected adult population in Pakistan. Methods Convenience sampling was used to generate a sample of 440; 408 interviews were successfully completed and used for analysis. Data collection was carried out via a face to face interview based on a pre-tested questionnaire in selected public areas of Karachi, Pakistan. Data was analyzed using SPSS v.15 and associations were tested using the Pearson's Chi square test. Multiple logistic regression was used to find independent predictors of knowledge status and motivation of organ donation. Results Knowledge about organ donation was significantly associated with education (p = 0.000 and socioeconomic status (p = 0.038. 70/198 (35.3% people expressed a high motivation to donate. Allowance of organ donation in religion was significantly associated with the motivation to donate (p = 0.000. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that higher level of education and higher socioeconomic status were significant (p Conclusion Better knowledge may ultimately translate into the act of donation. Effective measures should be taken to educate people with relevant information with the involvement of media, doctors and religious scholars.

Saleem Taimur

2009-06-01

88

Tuberculosis awareness in Gezira, Sudan : knowledge, attitude and practice case-control survey  

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This case-control study aimed to assess tuberculosis (TB) awareness and its associated sociodemographic characteristics in Gezira, Sudan. New smear-positive TB patients registered in Gezira in 2010 (n = 425) and age-matched controls who attended the same health facilities for other reasons (n = 850) formed the study sample. Awareness was measured using a modified standard World Health Organization TB knowledge, attitude and practice instrument. There was no significant difference between TB cases and the controls in overall levels of TB awareness. About two-thirds of TB cases and controls had good TB awareness. Respondents' sex was associated with awareness among the controls. Age, level of education, type of residence and type of occupation were significantly associated with TB awareness, whereas marital status had no effect. The good level of TB awareness found among TB cases and controls is a baseline for further TB awareness-raising among the Gezira population.

Suleiman, M M A; Sahal, N

2014-01-01

89

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice About Salt Intake in Croatian Continental Rural Population  

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Full Text Available High salt intake is important risk factor for hypertension, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate knowledge, attitude and practice regarding salt intake in rural population in continental Croatia. Data were obtained by standardized questionnaire in 928 adult subjects (586 women and 342 men. Results have shown low level of awareness (~60% of salt risk. Women were more aware about the harmful effects of salt and could identify some food with higher concentration of salt. Participants were not aware through which food is the highest salt intake. Our results urge the need for national projects and public health campaigns that would raise the awareness of salt intake, need for health education particularly for rural population. Food industry and nutritionists should become partners in this initiative.

Bojan Jelakovi?

2012-10-01

90

Oral health related knowledge, attitude and practices among the primary health care workers of a district in India  

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Aim: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices of the primary health care workers in our country. Materials and Methods: Data was gathered by means of a closed-ended questionnaire form. A total of 30 primary health centers (PHCs) and 60 subcenters (SCs) were included in the study. Frequency distribution was used together with Chi-square tests and analysis of variance (ANOVA) in this study. A P value of knowledge regarding oral health, only one-tenth of them had highly favorable oral health attitudes, and 9% of them had highly favorable oral health practices.

Bhoopathi, Praveen Haricharan; Reddy, Peddi Reddy Parthasarthi; Kotha, Arpitha; Mancherla, Monica; Boinapalli, Prathibha; Samba, Amit

2014-01-01

91

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of male community health workers in Mako township, Iran about beast self-examination  

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Full Text Available Background and Aim: Breast cancer is the most common cancer worldwide and the cause of about 18% of all malignancies in females. By breast self-examination (BSE it is possible to diagnose a breast tumor in the preliminary stages and treat it. Basic changes in the knowledge, attitude and practice of women as regards regular BES and follow-up will lead to considerable success in campaigns against breast cancer. Considering the role and responsibilities of community health workers (CHWs in the health services delivery system in the Islamic Republic of Iran, this study aimed at determining the knowledge, attitude and practice of female CHWs as regards BSE in 2006. "nMethods and Materials: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 89 female CHWs in the Iranian Mako township health houses. The data was collected through interviews using a questionnaire consisting of 4 sections, the first section containing 10 demographic questions, and the second to fourth sections containing 33 questions on knowledge, attitude, and practice. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire were confirmed using the repeat testing with r=85%. The data were analyzed using the SPSS software (version 11."nResults: The data showed that the BSE knowledge of 50.6% and 49.4% of the subjects was good and moderate, respectively; 76.4% of them had a positive attitude towards BSE. The reasons for not self-examination were as follows: inability to do it alone (12.4%; fear of a positive result, i.e., existence of a tumor (1.1%; having no time (2.2%; fear of increased anxiety (5.6%; not believing in BSE, even if it was likely to have a tumor (11.2%. Further analysis of the data showed the practice of the subjects to be good, moderate, and weak in 9%, 61.8%, and 29.2% of the cases, respectively. "nThere were significant associations between knowledge and a positive attitude (p=0.038, between attitude of the unmarried subjects towards performing BSE as compared to the married subjects (p=0.00, and between attitude and practice (p=0.045."nConclusion: This study showed a moderate to good knowledge, a relatively good attitude, and a moderate practice among female CHWs in the Makoo Township, Iran, with regard to BSE. Considering the role of CHWs, improving their knowledge, attitude , and practice of BSE is essential.

2009-07-01

92

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices regarding Rabies among general practitioners of Belgaum City  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Rabies in humans is highly fatal and ends in an extremely painful and tortuous death. Unfortunately we still have highest number of deaths due to rabies, ironically a disease preventable by modern prophylactic measures. The post-exposure prophylaxis is a life saving treatment in a definite rabid animal bite. General Practitioners (GP’s act as first line care-givers for the treatment of dog bite and they are also easily approachable by the victim for the treatment to prevent rabies. Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practices regarding rabies among general practitioners. Methodology: This cross sectional survey was carried out from July – August 2011 in Belgaum city among 100 general practitioners using a pre tested questionnaire. Data was entered and analyzed using SPSS 18 trial version. Frequencies were tabulated for demographic variables and association between variables was tested using Chi-square test. Results: Out of the total 100 general practitioners interviewed, 93 were males and 7 were females. The mean age of GP’s was 42.89 years. The mean duration of practice for MBBS doctors was 19 years and for other doctors (BAMS, BHMS, RMP’s was 11 years. Knowledge about various aspects of rabies was comparatively better among MBBS doctors. The knowledge regarding vaccine was very poor among the general practitioners. Conclusion: The major issue was lack of hands on training or updating the knowledge of general practitioners regarding the newer vaccines and their administration. We recommend continued medical education for general practitioners, both (MBBS and non MBBS on prevention of Rabies.

R.K. Nayak

2013-07-01

93

Caregiver knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding vitamin A intake by Dominican children.  

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Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is a major concern in the Dominican Republic. Successful educational interventions are based on needs assessment data specific to the population for which behavioural change is desired. The purpose of this study was to establish a foundation for nutrition education efforts for caregivers of young children to prevent VAD in the Dominican Republic. A cross-sectional survey was administered to caregivers (N = 151) from rural/peri-urban villages in five provinces to assess vitamin A knowledge and attitudes, frequency of consumption of foods rich in vitamin A by an index child (age range 3-9 years), and food-related practices contributing to vitamin A intake. Caregiver knowledge regarding vitamin A was low in all villages regardless of differences in socio-economic status and level of education. A majority of the caregivers (67%) reported having a garden, but produce from the garden was thought mainly to provide a financial benefit vs. a nutritional benefit for the family. Several vegetables rich in vitamin A used as seasoning, mango, and unripe banana and plantain were commonly consumed by children as reported by caregivers. Educational interventions should focus on basic vitamin A knowledge regarding sources as well as symptoms of deficiency. Education should also emphasize increasing the variety of foods rich in provitamin A carotenoids grown in home gardens. PMID:17238936

Mills, Jordan P; Mills, Timothy A; Reicks, Marla

2007-01-01

94

Knowledge, attitudes and practice of healthcare ethics and law among doctors and nurses in Barbados  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of the study is to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices among healthcare professionals in Barbados in relation to healthcare ethics and law in an attempt to assist in guiding their professional conduct and aid in curriculum development. Methods A self-administered structured questionnaire about knowledge of healthcare ethics, law and the role of an Ethics Committee in the healthcare system was devised, tested and distributed to all levels of staff at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Barbados (a tertiary care teaching hospital during April and May 2003. Results The paper analyses 159 responses from doctors and nurses comprising junior doctors, consultants, staff nurses and sisters-in-charge. The frequency with which the respondents encountered ethical or legal problems varied widely from 'daily' to 'yearly'. 52% of senior medical staff and 20% of senior nursing staff knew little of the law pertinent to their work. 11% of the doctors did not know the contents of the Hippocratic Oath whilst a quarter of nurses did not know the Nurses Code. Nuremberg Code and Helsinki Code were known only to a few individuals. 29% of doctors and 37% of nurses had no knowledge of an existing hospital ethics committee. Physicians had a stronger opinion than nurses regarding practice of ethics such as adherence to patients' wishes, confidentiality, paternalism, consent for procedures and treating violent/non-compliant patients (p = 0.01 Conclusion The study highlights the need to identify professionals in the workforce who appear to be indifferent to ethical and legal issues, to devise means to sensitize them to these issues and appropriately training them.

Walrond Errol

2006-06-01

95

Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs, and Personal Practices regarding Colorectal Cancer Screening among Health Care Professionals in Rural Colorado: A Pilot Survey  

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Purpose: This study reports the baseline knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and personal practices of health care professionals regarding colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in the High Plains Research Network (HPRN) of rural Colorado prior to a community-based educational intervention. It also examines the association between health care staff members'…

Rim, Sun Hee; Zittleman, Linda; Westfall, John M.; Overholser, Linda; Froshaug, Desiree; Coughlin, Steven S.

2009-01-01

96

A Study on Knowledge, Attitude And Practice of Laboratory Safety Measures Among Paramedical Staff of Laboratory Services  

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Full Text Available Purpose: A lot of accidents occur in the laboratory due to lack of proper knowledge regarding laboratory safety measures, indifferent attitude & improper implementation of safe laboratory practices. In view of this, the present study on knowledge, Attitude & Practice (KAP of laboratory safety measures was carried out among paramedical staff of laboratory services of tertiary care teaching hospital, western India. Method: This was a comparative study which used a standardized, structured self-administered questionnaire to survey knowledge, attitude and practice of paramedical staff. The KAP study enrolled 81 respondents. Results: Regarding knowledge- the majority knew the very important issues related with laboratory safety like Post Exposure Prophylaxis (96.55% & discarding of blood samples (93.10% etc. In regard to attitude towards the scientific process, all are very much aware about importance of protective devices (i.e. Wearing Gloves and Biomedical waste management. In regard to the practice in laboratory, the entire study subject group (100% replied “YES” in each question that shows the good quality work of the laboratory. Conclusion: The induction training on Laboratory safety is very important and motivating exercise for improving the laboratory safety measures.

Hansa M Goswami, Sumeeta T Soni, Sachin M Patel, Mitesh K Patel

2011-01-01

97

Eye Health in New Zealand: A Study of Public Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Related to Eye Health and Disease  

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Purpose: This study seeks to measure the public knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to eye health and disease in New Zealand (NZ). Design/methodology/approach: A 22-item survey of 507 adults in NZ was conducted. The survey was developed using interviews and focus groups, as well as comparisons with other benchmark international studies.…

Ahn, Mark J.; Frederikson, Lesley; Borman, Barry; Bednarek, Rebecca

2011-01-01

98

Knowledge, attitude and practices of students about first aid epilepsy seizures management in a Northern Indian City  

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Background: Knowledge about epilepsy and its management is not satisfactory among school students in developing countries. The present study was planned to ascertain the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of students regarding first-aid management of epilepsy seizures in school setting. Materials and Methods: A total of 177 students of government schools of Chandigarh, a city of northern India, were taken. They were administered with a pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire (for knowledge and attitude assessment) and an observational checklist after role play (for practice assessment) on first-aid management of epilepsy. A scoring system was devised to quantify the knowledge and practices of students. Results: Seventy-one percent of them had either heard or read about epilepsy. Half of the students believed epilepsy as a hindrance to education. Ayurvedic treatment was preferred by more than half of the students; however, many believed that visit to religious places and exorcism as ways to cure epilepsy. Nearly 74% of students would call a doctor as first-aid measure for seizure in a person with epilepsy. Conclusion: We concluded that the knowledge about various aspects of epilepsy was average among school students in Chandigarh. However, there was no significant difference in knowledge, attitude and practice between students who lived in urban, urban slum and rural areas. It is recommended that first-aid management of seizures in epilepsy should be a part of school curriculum. PMID:24339575

Goel, Sonu; Singh, Navpreet; Lal, Vivek; Singh, Amarjeet

2013-01-01

99

Knowledge, attitudes and practices of AIDS associated malignancies among people living with HIV in Nigeria  

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Full Text Available Abstract Introduction The epidemic of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa varies significantly across countries in the region with high prevalence in Southern Africa and Nigeria. Cancer is increasingly identified as a complication of HIV infection with higher incidence and mortality in this group than in the general population. Without cancer prevention strategies, improved cancer treatment alone would be an insufficient response to this increasing burden among people living with HIV (PLHIV. Although previous studies have noted low levels of awareness of cancers in sub-Saharan Africa none has examined the knowledge and perceptions of cancer among people living with HIV/AIDS. Methods Focus group discussions (FGD and Key Informant Interviews (KII were carried out in 4 high volume tertiary care institutions that offer HIV care and treatment in Nigeria. FGD and KII assessed participants’ knowledge of cancer, attitudes towards cancer risk and cancer screening practices. Results The mean age (SD of the FGD participants was 38 (2.8 years. Most participants had heard about cancer and considered it a fatal disease but displayed poor knowledge of the causes of cancer in general and of AIDs associated cancers in particular. PLHIV in Nigeria expressed fear, denial and disbelief about their perceived cancer risk. Some of the participants had heard about cancer screening but very few participants had ever been screened. Conclusion Our findings of poor knowledge of cancer among PLHIV in Nigeria indicate the need for health care providers and the government to intervene by developing primary cancer prevention strategies for this population.

Jedy-Agba Elima

2012-10-01

100

Knowledge, attitudes and practices about tuberculosis in zenúes indigenous and habitants of a rural area of Colombia.  

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Full Text Available Indigenous and rural area residents are groups at high risk for tuberculosis. The strategies ofhealth promotion and disease prevention must be based on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice(CAP that communities have on this topic. Objective: to describe the CAP about tuberculosisand its association with socio-demographic aspects in Indigenous and rural area residents ofCordoba, Colombia, 2012, and assess the validity and reliability of the scale CAP. Materials andmethods: cross sectional study in 300 individuals, 100 Zenú indigenous and 200 peasants. Datawere collected through primary source, analyzes were performed using summary measures, frequencyand nonparametric statistics tests in SPSS 20. Results: CAP showed good reliability andvalidity of appearance, content and construct. In knowledge 76% presented a satisfactory level,the attitudes 77% were unsatisfactory and the 48% had good practices. There was no statisticalassociation of CAP with sex or religious beliefs, the ethnicity were statistically significant differencesin knowledge and practices. The age was statistically associated with knowledge, educationshowed association with the practices. Conclusion: there was an adequate level of knowledge abouttuberculosis, while attitudes and practices were unsatisfactory; the main factors associated withCAP were ethnicity, age and education.

Jaiberth Antonio Cardona-Arias

2013-05-01

 
 
 
 
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Exploring TB-Related Knowledge, Attitude, Behaviour, and Practice among Migrant Workers in Tajikistan.  

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A knowledge, attitude, behaviour, and practice survey was conducted among labour migrants in Tajikistan to elucidate key factors influencing access to tuberculosis diagnosis and care both in their labour destination country and at home. 509 labour migrants were interviewed in Khaton and Rasht Valley regions in Tajikistan using a standardised questionnaire. In addition, in-depth interviews were conducted among ten tuberculosis patients who had recently worked abroad. The study showed that migrants have increased vulnerability to tuberculosis due to the working and living conditions in the destination country and that access to health services is limited due to their legal status or the high cost of health services abroad. The average knowledge of migrants regarding tuberculosis is low and misconceptions are frequent. In Tajikistan, although tuberculosis drugs are usually provided free of charge, tuberculosis diagnosis and ancillary treatment are charged, thus creating a significant financial burden for patients and their families. Improving the access of labour migrants to affordable early diagnosis and treatment in both host countries and Tajikistan is a priority. PMID:22567266

Gilpin, Christopher; de Colombani, Pierpaolo; Hasanova, Sayohat; Sirodjiddinova, Umrinisso

2011-01-01

102

Household knowledge, attitudes and practices related to pet contact and associated zoonoses in Ontario, Canada  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Many human infections are transmitted through contact with animals (zoonoses, including household pets. Although pet ownership is common in most countries and non-pet owners may have frequent contact with pets, there is limited knowledge of the public’s pet contact practices and awareness of zoonotic disease risks from pets. The objective of this study was to characterize the general public’s knowledge, attitudes and risks related to pet ownership and animal contact in southern Ontario, Canada. Methods A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to individuals at two multi-physician clinics in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada during 2010. A single adult from each household was invited to participate in the study. Results Seventy five percent (641/853 of individuals approached completed the questionnaire. Pet ownership and contact were common; 64% of participants had a pet in their household and 37% of non-pet owning households had a member with at least weekly animal contact outside the home. Pet ownership was high (55% for households with individuals at higher risk for infections (i.e., Conclusions These results suggest that there is a need for accessible zoonotic disease information for both pet and non-owning households, with additional efforts made by veterinary, human and public health personnel. Immediate educational efforts directed toward households with individuals at higher risk to infections are especially needed.

Stull Jason W

2012-07-01

103

The smoking attitudes, knowledge, intent, and behaviors of adolescents and young adults: Implications for nursing practice  

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Full Text Available Background /Objective: Sixty percent of all smokers in the United States (U.S. try smoking cigarettes before they are 18 years old. Family and peer behavior (subjective norm, and attitude may influence young people to initiate smoking. The aims of this study were to 1 determine if attitude, subjective norm, and knowledge could predict smoking behaviors; 2 identify reasons for smoking; 3 determine if there were differences in attitudes toward smoking between smokers and non-smokers; and 4 determine smokers’ intent to quit. Methods: The population of interest included individuals age 30 or younger. The instrument, in the form of an online Tobacco Survey, was distributed via email, Facebook®, and other social media. The survey was created on Survey Monkey.com®. Data were collected for nine months and analyzed using SPSS® version 17 for Windows®. Results: Cronbach’s alpha for the primary factors were high to adequate, attitude a = .89, knowledge a = .71, and subjective norm a = .67. Results suggested subjective norm and attitude may predict smoking but knowledge was not a predictor. Over 70% of the smokers tried their first cigarette before the age of 18 years. Most reported reasons for smoking were alcohol consumption, smoking with friends in social settings, stress relief, and relaxation. Seventy-five percent of the smokers agreed that smoking was addictive and knowledge was high regarding the hazards of smoking. Less than 50% of the smokers planned to quit within the next year. Conclusions: Tobacco use among adolescents and young adults may be directly influenced by overall attitude and peer and family smoking behaviors. Knowledge of the hazards of smoking does not appear to influence smoking behaviors; therefore it is recommended health care providers, and others in a position to influence young people, focus on changing attitudes about smoking.

Barbara J. Ganley

2013-01-01

104

Emergency contraception: knowledge, attitudes and practices among married Malay women staff at a public university in Malaysia.  

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There is a high rate of unintended pregnancies in Malaysia due to low contraceptive use. Only 30% of married women use modern contraceptive methods. Emergency contraception (EC) is used within a few days of unprotected sex to prevent pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding EC pill use among Malay women. A cross sectional study was conducted among married female staff using stratified random sampling from 15 faculties in the Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). Data about sociodemographic factors, reproductive health, knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding EC use were gathered using validated self-administered questionnaire. The response rate was 87%. Half the 294 subjects who participated had a low knowledge, 33.0% a moderate knowledge and 17.0% a good knowledge about the EC pill. Eighty-eight percent of respondents had a positive attitude and 12.0% a negative attitude toward EC. Eleven percent of respondents had previously used EC. Unplanned and unwanted pregnancies were reported by 35.0% and 14.0% of respondents, respectively. Most respondents lacked knowledge about the indications for using EC, its mechanism of action, when it can be used and its side effects. Our findings show a need to educate women about EC. PMID:23413716

Najafi, Fatemeh; Rahman, Hejar Abdul; Hanafiah, Muhamad; Momtaz, Yadollah A; Ahmad, Zaiton

2012-11-01

105

Nutritional Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Bodybuilding Trainers in Ahwaz, Iran  

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Full Text Available This study was conducted to determine the nutritional knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP of male and female bodybuilding trainers in Ahwaz, one of the 7 major cities of Iran. KAP questionnaires which contained information about nutrients, food groups, using of supplements and ergogenic aids, were completed by trainers. Sixty three certified male bodybuilding trainers (37.9 ? 2.7 y and 30 certified female trainers (37.3 ? 8.1 y were recruited from all clubs of the city. All of the male and 47% of the female trainers have prescribed diet program for their trainees (P<0.001 and it showed that there was a significant (P<0.001 relationship between their diet prescription and their educational degrees. None of the female trainers neither use nor advise anabolic hormones such as Nandrolon; however 62% of the male trainers have advised hormones to their trainees while only 50% of them use hormones themselves. 96.8% of the trainers did not know that minerals and 88.2% did not know water are essential nutrients; and more than 90% did not realize that fat and sugars are as food groups. The training courses and educational levels of trainers are positively related to their practices. All of the trainers need more theoretical and applied nutritional education.

Seyed Mohamad Hosein Mosavi Jazayeri

2004-01-01

106

Knowledge and Attitude of Urban Pregnant Women of Bangladesh Toward Nutrition, Health Care Practice and Delivery Place  

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Full Text Available This study reports an investigation about knowledge and attitude of urban pregnant women on nutrition and delivery place and an attempt has also been made to identify factors that are closely related to these behaviors based on primary data. The analysis shows that educational status of pregnant women, their occupation, their husband`s occupation, monthly family income have significant influence on knowledge and attitude of pregnant women toward nutrition and health care practice. The result also shows that opinion about place of delivery depends on educational status and occupation of pregnant women and monthly family income.

M.N. Islam

2005-01-01

107

Knowledge, attitude and practice of tobacco smoking by medical students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia  

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Full Text Available Background: Tobacco consumption is associated with considerable negative impact on health. Health professionals, including future doctors, should have a leading role in combating smoking in the community. Objectives: The aims of the study were to assess the prevalence of smoking among medical students of newly established medical colleges in Riyadh city, the capital of Saudi Arabia, as well as to assess students? attitude, practice and their knowledge on the risk factors of tobacco consumption. Methods: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study of students from two medical colleges in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia was carried out. The questionnaire used was anonymous, self-administered and developed mainly from Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS. Results: A total of 215 students participated in this study. Forty students (19% indicated that they smoke tobacco at the time of the study. All of them were males, which raise the prevalence among male students to 24%. Tobacco smoking was practiced by males more than females (P value < 0.0001 and by senior more than junior students (< 0.0001. About 94% of the study sample indicated that smoking could cause serious illnesses. About 90% of the students indicated that they would advice their patients to quit smoking in the future and 88% thought that smoking should be banned in public areas. Forty-four students (20% thought that smoking has some beneficial effects, mainly as a coping strategy for stress alleviation. Conclusion: Despite good knowledge about the hazards of tobacco consumption, about 25% of the medical students in this study continue to smoke. The main reported reasons should be addressed urgently by policy-makers. Special efforts should be taken to educate medical students on the effective strategies in managing stress during their study as they thought that tobacco smoking could be used as a coping strategy to face such a stress.

Al-Haqwi Ali

2010-01-01

108

[Knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of community health center staff on birth asphyxia in Kolokani (Mali)].  

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Most newborn deaths are associated with birth asphyxia (40%), low birth weigt and prematurity (25%) and infections (20%). In Mali, in the Community Health Centers (CSCOM) exercises a staff composed of the nurse chief of health centers (ICPM) assuring the supervision of the matrons that is charged in pregnancy and the newborn. An investigation KAP (Knowledge, Attitudes and Practises) initiated in order to assess the knowledge and the practices of the community health centers agents on birth asphyxia. The survey was cross-sectional and that took place in September 2004. Have been included in the study the matrons, the nurse chief available at the time of the survey. The multiplicity of the names mentioned among which Ninakili dégou (27,3%) and Niominè (15,2%) are the most frequent and show the necessity of a qualitative investigation to find a name. Prolonged labor more than 12 hours (73,3%) and the stained amniotic liquid (63,3%) are the most recognized signs during labor making fear the birth asphyxia. In our survey the prolonged labor (63,7%), the infection/malaria of mother (60,7%) and the Dystocic delivery (45,5%) were the mostly reported causes of birth asphyxia. The pale or bluish coloration (69,7%), the irregular or lack of breath (69,7%), the lack of cry (63,6%) were known as the main signs of birth asphyxia. We noted some good practices as aspirating with a bulb (69,7%) and clearing upper ways with a finger covered with gauze (30,3% ); doing the mouth to mouth (51,5%); stimulating the newborn (66,7%). The improvement of the neontatal mortality requires the training of the staff and the equipment of the centers in small simple materials of resuscitation. PMID:19434987

Sidibé, T; Sangho, H; Doumbia, S; Sylla, M; Keita, M; Tékété, I; Cousens, S; Keita, D; Keita, H D; Keita, A S; Belemou, B; Diakité, B

2007-01-01

109

AIDS awareness in an Indian metropolitan slum dweller : A KAP (knowledge, attitude, practice study  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVE : To assess the awareness and attitude towards AIDS and PLHA in slum dwellers of Chennai, an Indian metropolis by KAP (Knowledge, Attitude, Practice study. METHODS : A cross sectional study was conducted in a representative sample of 650 subjects (400 females and 250 females, aged 15-45 years, by means of a questionnaire in the local dialect Tamil. RESULTS : The overall literacy rate was 64%, with males being 70% and females being 60% literate. 20% of males and 11% of females do not know about a disease called AIDS. Only 67% of males and 55% of females are aware of the sexual mode of transmission. 34% of males and 50% females opine that AIDS is also a hereditary disease. Also 45% of males and 62% of females feel that AIDS also spreads by air, fomites, or mosquito-bite. Only 30% of males and 22% females know about the possible symptoms of AIDS. 30% of males and 45% of females never ask for a new syringe if not provided, as they are totally unaware of its significance. 43% of males and 78% of females do not know about the risk of a barber?s blade. 56% of males and 71% of females feel that AIDS can be treated at least by a traditional medicine. Lastly, 48% of males and 60% females prefer outcasting an AIDS patient from the slum. CONCLUSIONS : AIDS awareness in the slum dwellers of Chennai is very poor. Corresponding awareness in suburbs and rural areas will be much worse. Conventional IEC methods targeting general population via mass media are not reaching the slum dwellers, even in a metropolitan city. A specially designed targeted intervention is needed.

Kalasagar M

2006-01-01

110

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Oral and Dental Healthcare in Pregnant Women  

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Full Text Available Objectives: Pregnant women are more susceptible to periodontal disease like gingivitis. Periodontal disease may be associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. There is no published literature on dental health in pregnant women in Brunei, Darussalam. The objective of this study was to assess women’s knowledge and attitude towards oral and dental health during pregnancy and to examine their self-care practices in relation to oral and dental health. This study was carried out at the maternal child health clinic, Jubli Perak Sengkurong Health Centre, Brunei, Darussalam.Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive and analytical study conducted at the maternal child health center in Brunei, Darussalam. The study group was comprised of 95 pregnant women attending the MCH clinic, Jubli Perak Sengkurong Health Centre, September 2010, using convenience sampling method. A self-administered questionnaire was used, after it was pre-tested and validated. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version16.Results: Of the total study group, 97.9% responded to the questionnaire and participated in the study. All the women brushed at least twice daily. However, only 40.9% flossed daily, 31.2% brushed after meals and 26.9% had a dental check-up at least twice a year. The knowledge related to dental care was also poor among the pregnant women. Though the majority of them (96.8% agreed that women should have a dental check-up during pregnancy, only 55.9% actually practiced this. This raises serious concern since pregnant women may need extra oral and dental care due to susceptibility to gum diseases during pregnancy, which may contribute to low birth weight babies and premature births.Conclusion: This study highlights important gaps in dental knowledge and practices related to oral and dental healthcare among pregnant women in Brunei, Darussalam. More intense dental health education, including oral health promotion in maternal child health centers can lead to improved oral and dental health, and ultimately pregnancy outcomes.

Sunita Bamanikar

2013-07-01

111

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting among Health Professionals in Southwest Ethiopia  

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Full Text Available AIM: Adverse drug reaction is noxious and unwanted reaction to drugs at dose used in humans for diagnosis, treatment or prophylaxis. Adverse drug reaction monitoring is an area of drug information that has been given little attention yet. Spontaneous reporting is currently the major back bone for the detection of adverse drug reactions. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of adverse drug reaction reporting among health professionals in selected health facilities in southwest Ethiopia. METHOD: A cross-sectional study design was used among health professionals in selected health facilities in January 2010. Prescribers other than physicians, junior pharmacy technicians and also health assistants were excluded. Data was collected using self administered questionnaires from volunteered physicians (Medical interns and above, nurses (Diploma and above and Pharmacy professionals (Diploma and above and analyzed using SPSS version 16.0. RESULTS: A total of 82 health professionals were participated in the study. From those 82 participants, only 19 (23.17% and 21 (25.61% knew the existence of national reporting system and a yellow card of adverse drug reaction reporting form. Thirteen (15.85% participants encountered adverse drug reaction in the past 12 months in their clinical activities, but none of them reported to responsible body. Even though the participants’ knowledge and practice were inadequate, most of the respondents 47 (57.31% agreed that adverse drug reaction reporting is part of duty of them and important to the public in general and to the patient in particular. CONCLUSION: There was no documentation and reporting of adverse drug reaction, which might partly be explained by lack of knowledge and misconceptions about spontaneous reporting. Our study strongly suggests that there is a great need to create awareness and to promote the reporting of adverse drug reaction amongst health professionals, which will lay a solid foundation for healthcare professionals to be diligently involved in quality pharmacovigilance and spontaneous reporting in their future practices. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2012; 11(4.000: 397-406

Mulugeta Tarekegn Angamo

2012-08-01

112

Knowledge, attitudes and practices of traceability among livestock traders in south-western Nigeria: implications for sustainable livestock industry.  

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Livestock diseases and other animal health events are a threat to achieving sustainable livestock industry. The knowledge of trace-back and the practice of providing feedback on diseases encountered in slaughtered animals from the abattoir to the farm can help limit the spread as well as manage potential future incidents of such diseases. We assessed the knowledge, attitudes and practices of 200 willing livestock traders on traceability in Bodija Municipal Abattoir, south-western Nigeria. The results reveal that the majority of these traders had poor knowledge (79.5 %) and practices (74.0 %) of traceability, though 89.5 % demonstrated good attitudes. While 22.9 % knew that traceability could be an effective means to control diseases, only a lower proportion (9.0 %) knew the health status of the animals being purchased. Though 29.0 % reported the diseases encountered in their animals during slaughter to the farm, only 9.5 % followed up to ensure the farmers take steps at preventing further occurrence of the reported diseases. While age (p?=?0.000; 0.014) and education (p?=?0.000; 0.000) were both significant for good knowledge and attitudes, frequency of condemned cases (p?=?0.000) and length of years in the trade (p?=?0.004) were, respectively, significant for good knowledge and attitudes with none associated with practice. These poor levels of knowledge and practices of traceability are a threat to sustainable livestock industry, food security and human health; hence, there is an urgent need to institute national feedback mechanism on slaughtered animals in order to strengthen interventions against diseases at farm levels. PMID:24030103

Adesokan, Hezekiah K; Ocheja, Samuel E

2014-01-01

113

Senior students\\\\\\' and Dentists’ knowledge, attitude and practice regarding oral cancer examination in Isfahan, Iran in 2011  

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Full Text Available   Background and Aims : Dentists have usually a critical role in diagnosing oral cancer lesions in their early stages. In this study we aimed to assess the senior dental student’ and dentists’ knowledge, attitude and behaviors regarding oral cancer in Isfahan.   Materials and Methods: A valid and reliable self-administered questionnaire was designed to assess the current practice, knowledge and attitude of general dentists working in Isfahan-Iran and senior dental students regarding oral cancer lesions. The questionnaire was consisted of questions to assess the knowledge and attitude regarding diagnosis, risk factors and prognosis of oropharyngeal cancerous lesions. The frequencies of answers to questions in sections of practice and attitude (just for dentists and sum score of questions in knowledge section were calculated and compared using statistical analysis regarding age, sex, duration of experience and practice setting p ublic/private of participants. Data were analyzed using ANOVA, chi-square, linear regression and logistic regression.   Results: 139 questionnaires from dentists and 57 questionnaires from students were returned. The mean score of dentists’ knowledge was 5.41 out of 13 (CI95%=5.03-7.79 . Significant differences were observed among dentists regarding their experience (P=0.001. Only one fifth of the dentists in our survey reported to perform oral cancer examination for all of their patients in age of 40 and above and just about 34% of dentists gained acceptable level of knowledge. Among senior dental students, the status of knowledge was better as about 58% of them gained the level of acceptance (P=0.01.   Conclusion: Although dentists were willing to follow the diagnostic protocol for oral cancer, they were mostly unsatisfied with the level of their knowledge. Therefore, this study highlights the need for educational planning and training activities in general dentists with regard to the risk factors and early detection of oral cancers.

Sayed Mohamad Razavi

2014-04-01

114

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE & PRACTICE TOWARDS IMMUNIZATION AMONG WORKING & NON-WORKING MOTHERS IN BAREILLY CITY  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To identify maternal knowledge, attitude and practice about immunization and to determine maternal characteristics and the determinants of full immunization status among respondents of children aged five years. MATERIAL & METHODS: A cross sectional survey by random sampling technique. 250 working and non-working mothers having children below 5 year of age were chosen for the study. Bareilly city was intentionally chosen for the convenience of the researcher. RESULTS: From total 250 mothers 28.66% house wives and 45.57% working women completely immunized their children whereas 71.34% house wives & 54.43% working women partially immunized their children. Gender bias was an importent factor among families for complete immunization but not very significant. Economic status also played significant role as higher economic status was found positive co-relation with complete immunization. Significant difference was found between educated and uneducated mothers with reference to complete immunization of their children. The paramedical workers were found to be the major source of information to the attendants of completely and partially immunized Community leader, T.V. Radio and relative on the other hand were found to be the most important source of information among partially immunized children.

Vineeta Rathaur

2014-06-01

115

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND PRACTICES IN SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH, IN YOPAL, CASANARE, COLOMBIA 2009  

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Full Text Available Introduction: the sexual and reproductive health (SSR is a general state of physical-mental and social well being. Understanding the sexual risk factors that lead to sexually transmitted diseases (ETS, allows the intervention of such factors, in order to improve this state. Methods: study of Knowledge, attitude and practices (CAP with a probabilistic sampling by stratified and multiphase conglomerates in 2812 people between the ages of 10 - 69, located in urban and rural areas; an informed consent and approval was requested, according to the norm. Results: 2241 of the urban population (84% and 426 of the rural population (16% filled out the survey. The first sexual relation among men was at the age of 15 (range 10 - 25 and in women at the age of 17 (range 10 - 38. 92% of the survey is informed in regards to ETS; Only 47 (1.7% received treatment. Conclusion: weaknesses were found in the sexual CAP that fall into a risky sexual experience and increase the risk factor for ETS. It was recommended to expand the action to strengthen the forces and promote the SSR, as well as complete sexual education according the Colombian norms.

Porras-Castaneda Oneida

2009-09-01

116

Spatial Analysis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Antananarivo Madagascar: Tuberculosis-Related Knowledge, Attitude and Practice  

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Introduction Tuberculosis infection may remain latent, but the disease is nevertheless a serious public health issue. Various epidemiological studies on pulmonary tuberculosis have considered the spatial component and taken it into account, revealing the tendency of this disease to cluster in particular locations. The aim was to assess the contribution of Knowledge Attitude and Practice (KAP) to the distribution of tuberculosis and to provide information for the improvement of the National Tuberculosis Program. Methods We investigated the role of KAP to distribution patterns of pulmonary tuberculosis in Antananarivo. First, we performed spatial scanning of tuberculosis aggregation among permanent cases resident in Antananarivo Urban Township using the Kulldorff method, and then we carried out a quantitative study on KAP, involving TB patients. The KAP study in the population was based on qualitative methods with focus groups. Results The disease still clusters in the same districts identified in the previous study. The principal cluster covered 22 neighborhoods. Most of them are part of the first district. A secondary cluster was found, involving 18 neighborhoods in the sixth district and two neighborhoods in the fifth. The relative risk was respectively 1.7 (pstigma attached to tuberculosis. Conclusion This type of survey can be conducted in remote zones where the tuberculosis-related KAP of the TB patients and the general population is less known or not documented; the findings could be used to adapt control measures to the local particularities. PMID:25386655

Rakotosamimanana, Sitraka; Mandrosovololona, Vatsiharizandry; Rakotonirina, Julio; Ramamonjisoa, Joselyne; Ranjalahy, Justin Rasolofomanana; Randremanana, Rindra Vatosoa; Rakotomanana, Fanjasoa

2014-01-01

117

Investigating the Knowledge Attitude and Nutritional Practice of Female Middle School Second Graders in Isfahan in 2008  

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Full Text Available Introduction: This study aimed at determining the knowledge attitude and nutritional practice of female middle school students in district 4 of Isfahan. Methods: This deh1ive study was performed on 120 female students. The data were collected through a three-part self-reported questionnaire (Demographic factors knowledge BASNEF Model. To investigate the nutritional performance the participants were interviewed to recall their previous 24-hour nutrition for three days. Results: The results indicated that 37.5% of students had poor nutritional knowledge and 90% of the students had a poor nutritional practice. The results of the BASNEF part indicated that mean of belief and evaluation of behavioral outcomes was 74.6 attitude toward the behavior was 64.64 normative belief was 72.8 subjective norms was 58.9 enabling factors was 54.2 and behavioral intention was 68.9. Conclusion: A low percentage of students had good nutritional practices and in majority of cases their nutritional practice does not accord with their nutritional knowledge and attitude. These results indicate the necessity of nutritional intervention in female students.

Nimah Bahraynian

2009-01-01

118

Are Today's Mother Aware Enough About Breast Feeding?: A Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Study on Urban Mothers  

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Full Text Available Background: Breastfeeding is a widespread practice in though out India. However it has been changing over the years, particularly in the past few decades. We need to keep exploring Knowledge and practices of mother regarding breast feeding for timely intervention and maintenance of his valuable age old practice. Objective: This study was aimed to explore mother's knowledge, attitude and practice regarding breastfeeding. Methods: By using pre tested questioner, 200 mother delivered in last one year were interviewed to obtain information regarding knowledge, Attitude and practice of breast feeding. The study was conducted in area served by an Urban Health Clinic. Result: Knowledge on proper breast feeding technique was found inadequate in study participants. Only 10% women were aware about intitiation of breast feeding within half hour of delivery. Benefits of colostrums, importance of exclusive breast feeding and benefits of night feeding were known to 25%, 15% and 15% mothers respectively. Less than half (41.4% mother had started breast feeding within half hour of birth while 15% were practicing exclusive breast feeding. Attachment and positioning techniques of 60% mother were found improper. None of the mother interviewed in the study got counseling on breast feeding during ANC visits. Conclusion: Harmful socio-cultural practices like giving prelacteal feeds, delayed initiation of breastfeeding after birth, late introduction of weaning foods and avoidance of exclusive breastfeeding are still common among the mothers. [Natl J Med Res 2013; 3(4.000: 396-398

Rajendra N Gadhavi

2013-08-01

119

"Assessment Of Maternal Nutritional Knowledge, Attitude And Practice Of 6-36 Month Olds Children Referred To Kerman Health Centers, 2003 "  

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Full Text Available Background and Aim: Prevalence of malnutrition is high in under-5 years old children and mother’s nutritional knowledge, attitude, practice(KAP is associated to nutritional status of children and lack of nutritional knowledge and their poor practices can be considered of prominent causes of children malnutrition. This study carried out to assess the nutritional knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers. Materials and Methods: In this study a group of 632 mothers who had at least one child aged 6-36 month old referred to Kerman health centers were selected to evaluate their nutritional KAP. The data were collected using questionnaires and face-to-face interviews with the mothers and from children health care records. The KAP questionnaires were completed and scores were rated as: optimum, relatively optimum and poor for subjects that achieved 80% – 100%, 60% – 80% and < 60% of high scores respectively. Results: The findings of this study indicated that 40/2%, 73/6% and 26/9% of mothers had respectively optimum knowledge, attitude and practice. A statistically significant association was found between mother education and maternal nutritional knowledge, attitude and practice. And family income had a statistically significant association with knowledge and not with practice and attitude. There was no association between mother age and knowledge, attitude, practice. And was found a significant positive association between knowledge, attitude, practice. Conclusion: Education of mothers concerning nutritional requirements of children make them possible to benefit a proper nutritional program.

H. Moradi-Shahrebabak

2006-05-01

120

Impact of education on knowledge, attitudes and practices among various categories of health care workers on nosocomial infections  

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Full Text Available Purpose : To assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices among the different health care workers (HCWs on nosocomial infections. Methods : A total of 150 HCWs, doctors (n=50, nurses (n=50 and ward aides (n=50 were included. A questionnaire was administered to the HCWs to assess their knowledge, attitudes and practices on nosocomial infections. A scoring system was devised to grade those (KAP score. They were further subjected to a series of similar questionnaires at intervals of 6, 12 and 24 months after an education module. Subjects in each category of staff (n=10 were observed for compliance to hand washing practices in the ward in the post-education period. Statistical analysis was done using statistical software. Results : The study showed an increase in the number of subjects in each category scoring good and excellent in the post-education questionnaire; however this declined with the progress of time. It was observed that the compliance level to hand washing practices differed among the different HCWs. Total compliance was 63.3% and ward aides were most compliant 76.7% (adjusted Wald 95% CI= 58.80-88.48. Conclusions : Education has a positive impact on retention of knowledge, attitudes and practices in all the categories of staff. There is a need to develop a system of continuous education for all the categories of staff. In order to reduce the incidence of nosocomial infections, compliance with interventions are mandatory.

Suchitra J

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Dengue hemorrhagic fever: knowledge, attitude and practice in Ang Thong Province, Thailand.  

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A cross-sectional study was carried out between July 1998 and June 1999 to identify dengue virus-infected patients under age 15 admitted to seven government hospitals in Ang Thong Province, a central region of Thailand, and to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of their care takers. To differentiate dengue cases, clinical evaluation and laboratory diagnosis were used. Serum samples were collected from 90 admitted children and also from 80 healthy students. The dengue cases were classified as dengue fever (9 cases, 12.2%) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF: 65 cases, 87.8%). Nine patients had dengue shock syndrome, but no death occurred. With serological confirmation, primary antibody response was observed in 8 (11.3%) and definite secondary infection in 49 (69%). Out of 41 serum samples, 14 (34.1%) were positive for dengue virus isolation: dengue serotypes 1, 2 or 3. A total of 131 care takers of enrolled children were interviewed in the context of KAP in DHF. The majority of them were mothers with primary school education level. Half of the care takers were workers. DHF knowledge of the care takers of the dengue cases, non-cases, and healthy students was almost the same. However, the care takers of dengue cases recognized petechiae as a danger sign, p-value of 0.006. They had a higher response in prevention, control and treatment of DHF than the other two groups after their children were admitted to hospital, p-value of 0.000. The results indicated that DHF remains a public health problem in this area and the people need more understanding of the disease. Continuous campaigns are required for community participation so as to prevent and control DHF successfully. PMID:12971568

Kittigul, Leera; Suankeow, Kedsuda; Sujirarat, Dusit; Yoksan, Sutee

2003-06-01

122

Knowledge, attitude and practices of parents of children with febrile convulsion.  

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Full Text Available CONTEXT: Parental anxiety and apprehension is related to inadequate knowledge of fever and febrile convulsion. AIMS: To study the knowledge, attitude, and practices of the parents of children with febrile convulsions. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Prospective questionnaire based study in a tertiary care centre carried over a period of one year. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 140 parents of consecutive children presenting with febrile convulsion were enrolled. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Chi-square test. RESULTS: 83 parents (59.3% could not recognise the convulsion; 90.7% (127 did not carry out any intervention prior to getting the child to the hospital. The commonest immediate effect of the convulsion on the parents was fear of death (n= 126, 90% followed by insomnia (n= 48, 34.3%, anorexia (n= 46, 32.9%, crying (n= 28, 20% and fear of epilepsy (n= 28, 20%. Fear of brain damage, fear of recurrence and dyspepsia were voiced by the fathers alone (n= 20, cumulative incidence 14.3%. 109 (77.9% parents did not know the fact that the convulsion can occur due to fever. The long-term concerns included fear of epilepsy (n= 64, 45.7% and future recurrence (n= 27, 19.3% in the affected child. For 56 (40% of the parents every subsequent episode of fever was like a nightmare. Only 21 parents (15% had thermometer at home and 28 (20% knew the normal range of body temperature. Correct preventive measures were known only to 41 (29.2%. Awareness of febrile convulsion and the preventive measures was higher in socio-economic grade (P< 0.05. CONCLUSIONS: The parental fear of fever and febrile convulsion is a major problem with serious negative consequences affecting daily familial life.

Parmar R

2001-01-01

123

Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, and Determinants Emergency Contraceptive Use among Women Seeking Abortion Services in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia  

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Background Unplanned pregnancy from casual sex, unplanned sexual activity, and sexual violence are increasing. Emergency Contraceptives (EC) are used to prevent unplanned pregnancies thereby preventing the occurrence and consequences of unplanned pregnancy. Emergency contraception is widely available in Ethiopia particularly in major cities. Yet the use of EC is very low and abortion rate in cities is high compared to the national average. Objectives To assess knowledge, attitude and practice and determinants on the use of emergency contraception among women obtaining abortion service at selected health institutions in Dire Dawa, Eastern Ethiopia. Methods A facility based cross-sectional study was conducted on 390 women selected by multi-stage random sampling technique. The samples were generated from government and private for non profit health facilities. Participant’s knowledge and attitude towards emergency contraception were measured using composite index based on 7 and 9 questions, respectively and analyzed using mean score to classify them as knowledgeable or not, and have positive attitude or not. Practice was assessed if the women reported ever use of emergency contraception. Determinants of use of emergency contraception were analyzed using logistic regression. Result Out of 390 women interviewed, 162 women (41.5%) heard about EC, only 133 (34.1%) had good knowledge, and 200 (51.3%) of the respondents had positive attitudes towards to EC. Ever use of EC was reported by 38 (9.7%). Age, living arrangement, education, marital status, religion were found to be significantly associated with the use of emergency contraceptives. Women with poor knowledge were less likely to use EC compared to the knowledgeable ones [AOR?=?0.027, 95% CI (0.007, 0.105)]. Conclusion The study identified that most respondents lack adequate knowledge on the method of EC. In addition ever use of EC is very low. Recommendations Health professions should give attention in increasing knowledge and uptake of Emergency Contraception. PMID:25330229

Abate, Meskerem; Assefa, Nega; Alemayehu, Tadesse

2014-01-01

124

Cardiovascular Disease Risk Prevention: Preliminary Survey of Baseline Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of a Nigerian Rural Community  

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Background: Knowledge and attitude are significant factors impinging on whether individuals seek healthcare service. This flows on to impact public health knowledge of prevalence of diseases, and in turn, the practice of preventive medicine. As part of the international research collaboration agenda for Prediabetes and Cardiovascular Complications Study, a preliminary survey of one of the Ndokwa communities of Nigeria has been carried out. Aim: This study was to understand the baseline knowledge, attitudes and practices of a rural community in regards to cardiovascular diseases, and behavior toward risk management. Materials and Methods: Seventy-four volunteer participants were recruited, after public lectures, through secondary school and churches in the community. The survey was done using questionnaire. The knowledge component comprised questions about educational and personal health opinion. The attitude and practice components comprised questions about exercises and visiting healthcare facilities. Occupational backgrounds were also asked. Results: It is observed that majority of the community dwellers have (1) completed at least secondary education, (2) never attended a health check-up; and (3) do not engage in physical activity in the context of exercise. Twenty of the participants indicated not being in good health, of which only 35% have attended medical check-up for their ailment. Many of those who are yet to seek healthcare service cite affordability as their reason. With specific regards to diabetes and cardiovascular risk, over 71% of the survey participants are yet to do any blood sugar and/or lipid profile tests. Conclusion: This preliminary survey indicates that although the majority of respondents have secondary education and therefore are relatively literate, there is a gap between their knowledge of ill-health versus attitude and practice toward prevention; especially cardiovascular and diabetes diseases.

Oguoma, Victor Maduabuchi; Nwose, Ezekiel Uba; Bwititi, Philip Taderera

2014-01-01

125

Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Dog Owners to Canine Rabies in Wukari Metropolis, Taraba State Nigeria  

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Full Text Available Canine rabies is endemic and occurs throughout the year in all parts of Nigeria. A descriptive cross sectional study was designed to assess knowledge, attitude and practice of dog owners towards rabies, to check for the presence of rabies antigens in brain tissue of dogs slaughtered for human consumption and to assess rabies vaccination coverage of dogs in Wukari. Structured questionnaires were prepared and administered to 200 dog owners by face to face interview. The questionnaire sought information on demographic characteristics of the dog owners, their association with dogs, knowledge, attitude and practice of dog owners towards rabies. Associations between demographic variables and knowledge, attitude or practice scores were assessed using ?2 analysis. Also, 188 brain samples from slaughtered dogs were analysed for presence of rabies antigen using direct fluorescent antibody test. Fifteen (7.89% had rabies antigen. Record files and vaccination certificates of dogs presented to the State Veterinary Hospital Wukari were assessed for anti rabies vaccination coverage. Out of the 200 dog owners, only 26 (13% knew that rabies virus can be found in nervous tissue, 121 (60.5% were aware that rabies can be spread through the saliva of a rabid animal, but majority of respondents 172 (86% did not know the age for first vaccination of dogs against rabies. Dog owners who were civil servants were 4.8 times more likely to have good knowledge (OR=4.84, 95% CI on OR 1.09-21.44 than those of other occupation groups. Positive attitude towards rabies increased with increase in age of dog owners, with respondents within the age group 20-30 years more likely to have negative attitude than those over 40 years. Civil servants were 9.8 times more likely to have good practice than other occupation groups. Rabies antigen was detected in 7.98% of slaughtered dogs. Out of 8370 dogs presented to the hospital between January 2003 and December 2012, only 1128 (13.50% received anti rabies vaccine. Inadequate knowledge of some aspects of rabies, negative attitude and practice of dog owners towards rabies, the presence of rabies antigen in some dogs slaughtered for human consumption and low vaccination coverage in dogs are indicative of high risk of exposure of dog owners and dog meat processors to rabies. There is therefore a need for educational programmes targeted at dog owners to increase their level of knowledge and reduce the risk of exposure to rabies.

Veronica O. Ameh

2014-04-01

126

Assessment of knowledge, attitudes and practices of expectant mothers in relation to antenatal care in Assiut governorate.  

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This study aims to assess knowledge, attitudes and practices of expectant mothers in relation to ante-natal care in Assiut and to find out factors affecting their knowledge. Attitudes and practices. The present study was carried out in the ante-natal clinic at Assiut General Hospital and three Maternal and Child Health Centers in Assiut. Fifty women were selected from each of the previously mentioned settings. A specially designed interview sheet was used to collect the necessary data. It was consisted of four parts. The first part included questions related to individual features of women, the second part included questions related to their family features, the third part concerned with previous obstetrical history of women and their acceptance of pregnancy and the fourth part included questions related to knowledge, attitudes and practices of expectant mother in relation to ante-natal care. The findings of the present study revealed that one quarter of the study sample (25.5%) lacked basic and essential knowledge about ante-natal care, most of older women (88.2%) were more likely to have poor knowledge in relation to ante-natal care, the higher educated women (66.7%) were more likely to have good knowledge about ante-natal care compared to 33.5% of lower educated women. It was also observed that the majority of working women (90%) were more likely to have good ante-natal care knowledge compared to housewives (10%). Most of the primigravida women (88.2%) were more likely to have poor knowledge in relation to ante-natal care compared to 11.8% of women whose gravidity was less than 5. PMID:7775880

el-Sherbini, A F; el-Torky, M A; Ashmawy, A A; Abdel-Hamid, H S

1993-01-01

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Knowledge, attitude and practices about needle stick injuries in health care workers  

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Objectives: To assess knowledge, attitude and practices about needle stick Injuries in health care workers. Study type, settings and duration: Hospital based study carried out at Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, from August 2010 to November 2010. Subjects and Methods: A self administered 19 items questionnaire was prepared which contained information about needle stick injuries, its awareness, frequency of injury and the protocols that were followed after an injury had occurred. These questionnaires were given to 500 health care workers working in different wards and theaters of the hospital after obtaining their informed written consent. The health care workers included doctors, nurses and paramedical staff of Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad. The data was entered and analyzed using SPSS version 15. Results: A total of 500 health care workers filled the questionnaire and returned it. Out of these 416(83.2%) reported ever experiencing needle stick injuries in their professional life. Health care workers working in Emergency department were most frequently affected (65%) followed by those working in different wards (27%) and operation theatre (8%). Most (93.6%) workers had knowledge about needle stick injuries and only 6.4% were not aware of it. Needle stick injury occurred from a brand new (unused) syringe in 51.2% cases, while in 32.8% cases, the needle caused an injury after it had been used for an injection. In 5% cases, injury occurred with blood stained needles. The commonest reasons for needle injury in stick injuries were heavy work load (36.8%) followed by hasty work (33.6%) and needle recapping (18.6%). About 66% health care workers were already vaccinated against hepatitis B. Only 13% workers followed universal guidelines of needle stick injuries and no case was reported to hospital authorities. Conclusions: Health care workers had inadequate knowledge about the risk associated with needle stick injuries and do not follow standard preventive measures. Policy message: A standard protocol regarding the training and compliance to follow preventive measures should be followed in all health care institutions. (author)

128

Utility of knowledge, attitude, and practice survey, and prevalence of dental caries among 11- to 13-year-old children in an urban community in India  

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Full Text Available Background: The school oral health education program is believed to be a cost-effective method for promoting oral health. The KAP (knowledge–attitude–practice model of oral health education is often the foundation of most health education programs. Objectives: To assess the existing knowledge, attitude, and oral health care practices among 11- to 13-year-old children and the association of knowledge with attitude, oral health care practices, and dental caries prevalence. Design: Cross-sectional design, involving 858 children studying in class seven at various schools in the city of Mangalore, India. The children were selected using stratified random sampling method. Prevalence of dental caries was determined using decayed, missing, and filled permanent teeth (DMFT index. A self-administered questionnaire on self-care practices in oral health, knowledge, and attitude toward oral health care was filled by children. The association of different variables with knowledge was analyzed using binary logistic regression analysis. Results: The dental caries prevalence was 59.4%, and 54.5% had low knowledge. They lacked knowledge regarding use of fluoridated toothpaste and did not use them. Children with low knowledge had significantly higher odds of having DMFT ? 1, not using fluoridated toothpaste, and being afraid of going to the dentist due to possible pain. There was no association of other oral health care practices and attitudes with knowledge. Conclusion: Oral health care practices and attitudes are not fully explained by knowledge, and other models of health education need to be considered.

Sanskriti Khanal

2013-04-01

129

The Importance of the Philosophy, Attitude, Perception, and Knowledge of Extension Workers in Transferring Sustainable Agricultural Practices to Malaysian Farmers  

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Full Text Available Sustainable agriculture is relatively new in Malaysia. The Department of Agriculture (DOA has earmarked agricultural extension workers in the transfer of sustainable agricultural practices (SAP to farmers. The purpose of this study is to investigate the importance of the attitude, perception, philosophy, and knowledge of extension workers in transferring SAP to Malaysian farmers. A questionnaire was used to collect data from a random sample of 400 extension workers associated with the DOA in west Malaysia. Quantitative data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and multiple linear regressions (MLR. Findings supported a positive relationship between extension workers’ philosophy, attitude, perception, and knowledge in transferring SAP to farmers. MLR results showed that variables selected for this study explained 62.3% of the variance in transferring SAP. Results support the importance of variables among the extension workers who transfer sustainable practices to farmers.

Neda Tiraieyari

2013-10-01

130

Evaluation of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Dental Patients of Smoking Effects on Oral Health  

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Introduction: The harmful effects of cigarette smoking on oral health are well established. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge and attitude of dental patients about the effects of smoking on oral health and their cessation efforts.Methods and materials: In this descriptive analysis-cross sectional study, 905 patients from dental clinics in Kerman were selected. They were asked to complete a self- administered structured questionnaire on the effects of smoking on oral health. The qu...

Rad, M.; Sh, Kakoei; Fatahi Tabasi, M.

2007-01-01

131

A survey of knowledge, attitudes and practices towards avian influenza in an adult population of Italy  

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Abstract Background Several public health strategic interventions are required for effective prevention and control of avian influenza (AI) and it is necessary to create a communication plan to keep families adequately informed on how to avoid or reduce exposure. This investigation determined the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors relating to AI among an adult population in Italy. Methods From December 2005 to February 2006 a random sample of 1020 adults receiv...

Marinelli Paolo; Albano Luciana; Di Giuseppe Gabriella; Angelillo Italo F.

2008-01-01

132

Feedback on and knowledge, attitude, and skills at the end of pharmacology practical sessions  

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Concern has been raised about inadequate pharmacology teaching in medical schools and the high incidence of prescribing errors by doctors in training. Modifications in pharmacology teaching have been carried out in many countries. The present study was carried out using a semi-structured questionnaire to obtain students' perceptions of their knowledge, attitudes, and skills with regard to different subject areas related to rational prescribing at the end of two-year activity-based pharmacolog...

Shankar, P. Ravi; Jha, Nisha; Bajracharya, Omi; Gurung, Sukh B.; Singh, Kundan K.

2011-01-01

133

A survey of knowledge, attitudes and practice of emergency contraception among university students in Cameroon  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Unsafe abortion is a major public health problem in low-and-middle income countries. Young and unmarried women constitute a high risk group for unsafe abortions. It has been estimated that widespread use of emergency contraception may significantly reduce the number of abortion-related morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and experiences on emergency contraceptive pills by the university students in Cameroon in order to develop and refine a national health programme for reducing unwanted pregnancies and their associated morbidity and mortality. Methods A convenient sample of 700 students of the University of Buea (Cameroon was selected for the study. Data was collected by a self-administered, anonymous and pre-tested questionnaire. Results The response rate was 94.9% (664/700. General level of awareness of emergency contraceptive pills was 63.0% (418/664. However, knowledge of the general features of emergency contraceptive pills was low and misinformation was high among these students. Knowledge differed according to the source of information: informal source was associated with misinformation, while medical and informational sources were associated with better knowledge. Although the students generally had positive attitudes regarding emergency contraceptive pills, up to 65.0% (465/664 believed that emergency contraceptive pills were unsafe. Those with adequate knowledge generally showed favourable attitudes with regards to emergency contraceptive pills (Mann-Whitney U = 2592.5, p = 0.000. Forty-nine students (7.4% had used emergency contraceptive pills themselves or had a partner who had used them. Conclusion Awareness of emergency contraception pills by Cameroonian students is low and the method is still underused. Strategies to promote use of emergency contraception should be focused on spreading accurate information through medical and informational sources, which have been found to be reliable and associated with good knowledge on emergency contraceptive pills.

Kouam Luc

2007-07-01

134

Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices and Biomonitoring of Farmers and Residents Exposed to Pesticides in Brazil  

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Full Text Available In this study, the knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding pesticide use and the levels of exposure of farmers and residents to organophosphorous and/or carbamates pesticides were evaluated in two rural settings in Brazil. A questionnaire was completed by 112 farm workers aged ?18 years. Almost all farmers acknowledged that pesticides were potentially harmful to their health (87.5%; however, over half rarely (48.2% or never (7.2% used personal protective devices (PPDs. An association was found (p = 0.001 between the work regimen and the use of PPDs, with more frequent equipment use among hired laborers than those involved in family agriculture. A significant correlation (p = 0.027 was found between the reporting of adverse symptoms and the use of backpack sprayers. Mean AChE activities of farmers (n = 64 and residents (n = 18 during the exposure and non-exposure periods were significantly lower than their control groups. Mean BChE activities of farmers and residents were significantly lower than their controls during the exposure period. Among the 60 farmers that had blood samples collected in both the exposure and non-exposure (baseline periods, 10 (16.7% had AChE depletion of over 30% during the exposure period compared with the baseline level. Six residents living on the same farms also presented this depletion. AChE was over 30% higher than the baseline level for 19 farmers (31.7%, indicating a reboot effect. Special education programs are needed in these regions to promote the safe use of pesticides in the field to decrease the risks from exposure to pesticides for farmers, and from secondary exposure to these compounds for their families.

Eloisa Dutra Caldas

2012-08-01

135

Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding gemstone therapeutics in a selected adult population in Pakistan  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Gemstones have been in use as part of alternative and complementary medicine for years. However, our understanding of the perceived healing powers of gemstones is limited. An extensive literature search revealed that there is a dearth of validated information on this subject. This study was therefore undertaken to explore the various aspects of the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of the public towards gemstone therapeutics. Methods A survey was performed in the Community Health Centre of a tertiary care teaching hospital in Pakistan. Data collection was done via a face-to-face interview based on a structured, pre-tested questionnaire. Participants included all willing persons between 18–75 years of age approached prior to their appointments at the Community Health Centre. Results The survey response rate was 86% (400/465. More than half (63% of the study population was aware of the use of gemstone therapy. One hundred fifty-six individuals believed that gemstone use impacts health. Of this group, 39% believed that gemstone use increases physical strength. 62% believed that gemstone use is based on superstitious beliefs, whereas 28% opined that it is based on religious beliefs. 38% had used gemstones therapeutics formerly, while 24% were current users. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that age status and education status were significant (p Conclusion More than half of our sample population is aware of the use of the gemstones for their various effects. Willingness to use gemstones is associated with the beliefs about the impact of gemstone therapy on health. Friends and family seem to be the major role players influencing people's willingness to use gemstones. CAM modalities should be recognized and considered as an important therapeutic option. We feel that gemstone therapy is a relatively unexplored area and more studies should, therefore, be conducted to gather more validated information on the subject.

Qidwai Waris

2009-08-01

136

Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to avian influenza among poultry workers in Nepal: a cross sectional study  

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Abstract Background Avian influenza is a considerable threat to global public health. Prevention and control depend on awareness and protective behaviours of the general population as well as high risk-groups. This study aims to explore the knowledge, attitudes and practices related to avian influenza among poultry workers in Nepal. Methods The study was based on a cross-sectional study design, using a structured questionnaire administered in face-to-face interv...

Neupane Dinesh; Khanal Vishnu; Ghimire Kamal; Aro Arja R; Leppin Anja

2012-01-01

137

Reproductive health for refugees by refugees in Guinea IV: Peer education and HIV knowledge, attitudes, and reported practices  

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Abstract Background Both conflict and HIV affect sub-Saharan Africa, and supportive approaches for HIV prevention among refugees are crucial. Peer education has been associated with improved HIV outcomes, though relatively little research has been published on refugee settings. The primary objective of this study was to assess whether exposure to refugee peer education was associated with improved HIV knowledge, attitudes, or practice outcomes among refugees in Guinea. Second...

von Roenne Anna; Kollie Sarah; Souare Yaya; Howard Natasha; Woodward Aniek; Borchert Matthias

2011-01-01

138

Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding eye complications and care among Omani persons with diabetes - A cross sectional study  

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Purpose : We present the level of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) among diabetic patients regarding eye complications and their care. Materials and Methods : A cross sectional study was conducted in 2008 at seven regions of Oman. Arabic speaking nurses interviewed diabetics at clinics. They used a closed ended questionnaire with 15 questions. The responses were analyzed and the KAP were grouped into excellent (>80%), good (60 to 79%), average (40 to 59�...

Khandekar Rajiv; Al Harby Saleh; Al Harthy Harith; Al Lawatti Jawad

2010-01-01

139

Correlation of oral health status of socially handicapped children with their oral heath knowledge, attitude, and practices from India  

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Background: Information on oral health knowledge and practice in orphanage house children is essential for healthcare policy makers to promote oral health resources and address oral health needs of this unprivileged group of society. Objectives: To assess the source of information, level of knowledge, attitude, and practice toward oral hygiene and oral health among socially handicapped children from city of Mysore, Karnataka state, India. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 488 children of 12-14 years of age living in five different orphanage houses of Mysore district. Data regarding knowledge and practice were collected through structured questionnaire and oral health status by type III clinical oral examinations by two trained examiners. Decayed, Missing, Filled, Teeth (DMFT) and OH I-S was then correlated with the above information. Spearman's correlation test was used to measure the correlation. Results: The final data analysis included 488 children, of which 216 (44.26%) were boys and 272 (55.74%) were girls. A total of 88.5% children showed one or more decayed teeth in their oral cavity, with an overall mean DMFT of 3.55. Among DMF, component D showed maximum value with mean 3.42, followed by components F and M. Correlation between source of information, knowledge, and attitude for oral health to oral hygiene index (OHI-S; P orphanage have positive attitude toward oral health, knowledge and practice among children are still below the satisfactory level. The children did not receive appropriate information or, if informed, were not re-evaluated or reinforced for its practical application by the concerned authority. The findings of this study suggest that awareness on the importance of oral health needs to be enhanced among the orphanage children of Mysore. PMID:24678206

Shanbhog, Raghavendra; Raju, Veena; Nandlal, Bhojraj

2014-01-01

140

Current knowledge, attitudes and practices of expectant women toward routine sonography in pregnancy at Naguru health centre, Uganda  

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Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Ultrasound has become a routine part of care for pregnant women in Uganda, being one of a range of techniques used in screening. However, it differs from most others because it allows women to view their babies. Routine obstetric sonography is now globally recognized as one of the ways through which maternal mortality can be reduced. This study aimed at finding out the knowledge, attitudes and practices of pregnant women towards prenatal sonography at Naguru Health Centre, Uganda. METHODS: Exploratory -descriptive study using interviewer-administered questionnaires. Thematic analysis was employed for qualitative data and bivariate, multivariate and logistic regression analysis was used for quantitative data. RESULTS: Three themes emerged; Knowledge, Attitude and Practices. Women’s knowledge, attitude and practices of obstetric sonography were influenced mainly by their biosocial factors like gravidity, education level and occupation. All women expressed concern that obstetric sonography could lead to cancer. CONCLUSION: Obstetric sonography is highly appreciated as being vital for antenatal care. However, there is need for mothers and health care providers to be well informed about the safety and specific purposes of obstetric sonography and what it can and cannot achieve.

Byanyima Rosemary

2009-11-01

 
 
 
 
141

Knowledge, attitude and practices related to diabetes among community members in four provinces in Kenya: a cross-sectional study  

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Full Text Available BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study sought to establish the level of knowledge of diabetes among community members in rural and urban setups in Kenya and determine how this impacts on their attitude and practices towards diabetes. METHODS: A face-to-face interview was done for selected respondents using a structured questionnaire for data collection. RESULTS: 1982 respondents, 1151 (58.1% female and 831 (41.9% males aged between 13 and 65 years were interviewed. 539 (27.2% of all the respondents had good knowledge of diabetes; of these 52% had tertiary education; 25% had secondary education while 14% and 9% had primary and no education, respectively. Only 971(49% of the respondents had a positive attitude towards diabetes while 813 (41% demonstrated good practices towards diabetes. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that the level of knowledge of diabetes in all regions in the country is very poor. It also indicates very poor attitudes and practices of the community towards diabetes. A comprehensive nationwide diabetes education programme is necessary to improve this situation.

William Kiberenge Maina

2010-10-01

142

Comparison the Effects of Two Educational Methods on Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Arak Physicians about Breast Cancer  

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Full Text Available Breast cancer is the most common and most preventable cancer in women and early detection has the important role in reducing its morbidity and mortality, so increase 95% survival time. The present study conducted to compare the effects of two educational methods on knowledge, attitude and practices of Arak physicians. An interventional study after randomized allocation of each 64 physician to any of two different educational methods (video and systematic review used to compare knowledge; attitude and practices score variation about breast cancer screening skills. Data collection carried out with structured questionnaire and entered to SPSS software. Data analyzed by t-test, paired t-test and Man-Whitney test in significant level of 0.05. Mean of total score of knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP showed a significant difference before and after training and the total score of KAP increase (p0.05. Although KAP in Arak physician is appropriate and any educational program increase their KAP level, but continuing and repetition of educational courses seems to be necessary.

A. Mohammadbeigi

2010-01-01

143

EVALUATION OF THE KNOWLEDGE,ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF SELF-MEDICATION AMONG SECOND YEAR B.Sc NURSING STUDENTS  

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Full Text Available Introduction- This study was undertaken to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of self-medication among second-year nursing students of the NRIIMS, Visakhapatnam. Materials & methods: This was an anonymous, questionnaire-based, descriptive study. A prevalidated questionnaire, containing open-ended and close-ended questions, was administered to the subjects. Data were analyzed using MS-Excel and the results were expressed as counts and percentages. Results: Out of the 35 respondents, everyone responded with one or the other drug. The respondents' knowledge about appropriate self-medication was poor, but knowledge of the benefits and risks of self-medication was adequate. The respondents found self-medication to be time-saving, economical, convenient and providing quick relief in common illnesses. Important disadvantages of self-medication mentioned were the risk of making a wrong diagnosis, inappropriate drug use and adverse effects. The majority (40% of the respondents had a positive attitude favoring self-medication. The most common indications for self-medication were to relieve the symptoms of headache (31.43%, fever (31.43%, cough & cold (22.83%.Analgesics ( were the most common drugs used for self-medication. Knowledge about appropriate self-medication was adequate, attitude towards self-medication was positive, and the practice of self-medication was common and often inappropriate.

Presenjit Raut

2014-05-01

144

Knowledge, attitude, and practices with regard to epilepsy in rural north-west India  

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Full Text Available Objectives: To study the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about the causes and the treatment of epilepsy in rural North West India in the year 2000 and, again after 4 years, to study the effects of health education and regular treatment on the same parameters. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted twice, in 2000 and 2004. A structured questionnaire was used to collect information on demographic profile, seizure characteristics, knowledge regarding cause of epilepsy, details of alternative forms of treatment taken, and attitude towards medical treatment. Results: Generalized seizures were the most common (84% type of seizure, followed by partial seizures (9.4%. The most common antiepileptic drug used was phenytoin, followed by phenobarbitone. Ayurvedic treatment was the most common alternative therapy used. Evil spirits were believed to be the cause of the disease by 26.4% of the patients in 2000, but only in 11.2% in 2004. Faith in the curative power of drugs increased from 18% in 2000 to 59% in the year 2004. Polytherapy was being resorted to by 60% of patients in 2000; this was reduced to 45.6% in 2004. Conclusion: Positive attitude changes over the four years from 2000 to 2004 confirm the need for effective health education that can remove misconcepts regarding disease.

Sureka R

2007-01-01

145

A cross sectional assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice towards Hepatitis B among healthy population of Quetta, Pakistan  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Hepatitis B (HB is a serious global public health problem. This study aims to evaluate Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP towards Hepatitis B (HB among healthy population of Quetta city, Pakistan. Methods A cross sectional, descriptive study was undertaken. One thousand healthy individuals (aged 18 years and above were approached for the study. KAP towards HB was assessed by using a pre validated questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used for elaborating patients’ demographic characteristics. Inferential statistics (Mann–Whitney U test and Kruskal Wallis test were used for comparison while Spearman’s rho correlation was used to identify association between the study variables. All analyses were performed using SPSS 16.0. Results Out of 1000 distributed questionnaires, 780 were returned with a response rate of 78.0%. Four hundred and twenty (53.8% respondents were male with mean age of 32.76?±?9.40 year. Two hundred and eight (26.7% had intermediate level of education and 354 (45.4% were unemployed. Mean scores for knowledge, attitude and practice were 8.74?±?2.7, 3.72?±?1.2 and 2.76?±?1.1 respectively. Significant and positive linear correlations between knowledge-attitude (r?=?0.296, p? Conclusion Results from the current study heighted poor KAP of healthy population towards HB. The positive linear correlations reaffirms that better knowledge can lead to positive attitude and subsequently in good practices. This will further help in prevention and management of HB. Therefore, extensive health educational campaign should be provided to general population and especially to the residents of rural areas.

ul Haq Noman

2012-08-01

146

Attitude and Practice of Nurses in Imparting Knowledge on Breast Self Examination to Women in Ajman, United Arab Emirates  

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Full Text Available Background: Breast Cancer is a life threatening disease affecting women. Awareness should be created among women for early detection of breast cancer. Nurses should provide information on BSE to women popula tion as a part of their profession. The aim of this study was to assess the atti tude and practice of nurses in imparting knowledge on BSE to female patients. Methods: This cross-sectional st udy was conducted among 154 nurses from different hospitals of UAE during the period Ju ne –November 2009. Self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection . Data was analysed using PASW 17 version. Results: Age group of the participants ra nged between 20 and 59 years with a mean age of 31 years and SD of 7.3 years. Majority 90.3% have positive attitude in providing knowledge regarding risk factors of breast cancer and about the purpose of performing BSE. Ei ghty eight point three percent of the nurses were with a positive attitude toward pr oviding information about BSE to all females who come to the hospital irrespective of their demand. Majority, 83.8% of the nurses reported, teaching method of BSE. Among the responde nts 60.4% reported that they follow up their clients after imparting knowledge on BSE. There was a statistically significant (p<0.001 positive correlation between attitude and practice. Conclusion: The results suggest the need of pr oving continuing educational programs to change the attitude and behavior toward s imparting knowledge of BSE which in- turn will have a positive effect on the ir practice of teac hing and motivating the women group to perform BSE.

Muttappallymyalil J

2010-08-01

147

Knowledge, attitude and practice of emergency contraceptive among women who seek abortion care at Jimma University specialized hospital, southwest Ethiopia  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background In Ethiopia maternal mortality rate is very high more than one in five women die from pregnancy or pregnancy related causes. The use of contraceptives to prevent unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortion is an important strategy to minimize maternal mortality rate. Among various forms of contraception, emergency contraceptives are the only one that can be used after sexual intercourse offering chance to prevent unwanted pregnancy. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of emergency contraceptive among women who seek abortion care at Jimma University specialized hospital (JUSH. Methods Institution base cross-sectional study on knowledge, attitude and practice of emergency contraceptive was conducted at JUSH from April to June, 2011Data was collected using structured questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS version 17.0. Results In this study 89 women were interviewed. More than half of them (48 were from urban area and 41 were from rural area.46 (51.7% of them were single. Of all the respondents only nine women had awareness about emergency contraceptive. Seven of the women mentioned pills as emergency contraception and only two of them mentioned both pills and injectable as emergency contraception. All of them have positive attitude towards emergency contraception but none of them have ever used emergency contraceptives. Conclusion and recommendation The finding revealed pregnancy among women of 15-19 years was very common. The knowledge and practice of emergency contraception is very low. But there is high positive attitude towards emergency contraceptives. Since there is much deficit on knowledge of women on emergency contraceptives, in addition to making them accessible; programs targeted at promotion and education of emergency contraceptives is helpful to prevent unwanted pregnancy.

Tesfaye Tatek

2012-03-01

148

The study of knowledge, attitude and practice of medical law and ethics among doctors in a tertiary care hospital  

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Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding medical law and ethics among doctors of a medical unit in a tertiary care teaching hospital in Lahore. Study Design: Descriptive cross sectional study. Methodology: A three part self - administered structured questionnaire designed to test the knowledge and practices regarding medical law and ethics was distributed among doctors in a medical unit in Mayo Hospital, Lahore during September - October, 2012. Results: The 52 respondent doctors included in the study comprised of 20 (38.5%) house officers, 22 (42.3%) postgraduate residents and 10 (19.2%) consultants. In keeping with the Pakistan Medical and Den-tal Council code of ethics, the correct responses of house officers, postgraduate residents and consultants regarding knowledge of medical law and ethics were respectively 50%, 27.3% and 10% for patient's autonomy, 40%, 36.4% and 10% for adhering to patient's wishes, 10%, 63.6% and 50% for breaching confidentiality, 35%, 36.4% and 0% for informed consent, 10%, 22.7% and 10% for doing best regardless of patient's opinion, 5%, 31.8% and 10% for informing patient's relatives, 15%, 4.5% and 0% for treating violent patients. The practical application part of the questionnaire was a general reflection of the knowledge and attitudes. Conclusion: Most of the doctors were poorly acquainted with PMDC code of ethics. (author)

149

Assessment of knowledge, attitudes and practices about tight glycemic control in the critically ill among endocrinologists and intensivists practicing in Chennai  

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Background: Tight glycemic control in the critically ill is known to reduce both the morbidity and the mortality. It is essential that intensivists and endocrinologists involved in the care of these patients have a good understanding of the concepts related to this condition. Objectives: To assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices about achieving tight glycemic control in the critically ill among the endocrinologists and intensivists practicing in the city of Chennai.

Gopichandran Vijayaprasad; Mahadevan Shriraam; Ravikumar Latha; Parasuraman Gomathy; Sathya Anjali; Srinivasan Bhuma; Sriram Usha

2007-01-01

150

The effects of establishment practices, knowledge and attitudes on condom use among Filipina sex workers.  

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The findings for a baseline assessment for a community-based HIV/STD prevention intervention for commercial sex workers (CSWs) and managers of the establishments that employ them in the Philippines is presented in this study. CSW knowledge, attitudes, behaviours and establishment policies concerning HIV prevention were assessed. Baseline assessments are part of an iterative process that will be used to modify the planned intervention. The preliminary findings point to the importance of an intervention that stresses changes in establishment policies and expectations as a means of reducing risk behaviours associated with HIV/STD transmission. PMID:9625904

Morisky, D E; Tiglao, T V; Sneed, C D; Tempongko, S B; Baltazar, J C; Detels, R; Stein, J A

1998-04-01

151

Knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding oro-facial injuries and oro-facial protective devices among physical instructors in Bangalore  

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Background: Sports specific dental injuries are seen to occur frequently among children and young athletes. Dental injury is a distressing event often causing psychological as well as physical problems. The risk of children getting dental injuries during sports activities can be minimized by using a mouth guard and other oro-facial protective devices. The aim of this study is to determine the knowledge, attitude and practices of physical instructors in Bangalore, regarding oro-facial injuries and orofacial protective devices. Material & Methods: A self-completion questionnaire was sent to 50 physical instructors of schools, sports academies and gymnasiums situated in the South of Bangalore city. The questionnaire sought information about the knowledge of the incidence of oro-facial injuries, common sports causing oro-facial injuries and oro-facial protective devices and their role in the prevention of injuries. The data was subjected to statistical analysis. Results: The population under study comprised of 92 males and 8 females. About 38% of oro-facial injuries were reported by physical instructors in the previous year. Physical instructors had knowledge regarding oro-facial protective devices like mouth guards (54%) and helmet (40%). The attitude and practice regarding the usage of mouth guards was found to be minimal. Conclusion: The physical instructors had knowledge especially through the media on the protective effectiveness of mouth guards in reducing the oro facial injuries. Despite their awareness, only 4% of them recommended the mandatory use of the mouth guards. Majority of them could not recommend its usage as they were unaware of its availability and the reason for not using the mouth is its improper fitting. How to cite the article: Neeraja G, Bharadwaj S, Shah K, Subramaniam P. Knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding oro-facial injuries and oro-facial protective devices among physical instructors in Bangalore. J Int Oral Health 2014;6(3):1-6. PMID:25083024

Neeraja, G; Bharadwaj, Srivats; Shah, Kinjal; Subramaniam, Priya

2014-01-01

152

Comparison of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Urban and Rural Households toward Iron Deficiency Anemia in three Provinces of Iran  

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Full Text Available "nBackground: Lack of nutritional knowledge is one of the most important reasons of nutritional problems and consequently im­proper practice, which can lead to several complications. This study has been designed in order to compare knowledge, at­ti­tude and practices of the urban and rural households regarding iron deficiency anemia (IDA in Boushehr, Golestan and Sis­tan & Balouchestan provinces in 2004."nMethods: The sampling method at household's level in each province was the single-stage cluster sampling with equal size clus­ters. The necessary data were gathered with a structured questionnaire and via the interviews between the questioners and the eligible people in each household. Comparison of frequency of variables between urban and rural areas were tested by chi square test."nResults: A total of 2306 households were selected as overall sample size. In urban areas, people recognized iron food sources better than rural areas. Knowledge level of respondents about vulnerable group for IDA and the favorite attitude of house­holds toward IDA were better in urban areas of Sistan & Blouchestan and Golestan provinces. In Sistan & Ba­louchestan and Golestan, rural households who drank tea immediately before or after meal was more than urban ones. The ma­jor­ity of preg­nant and lactating mothers (except for rural areas of Bushehr did not take iron supplement regularly. Less than 60 percent of children used iron drop regularly."nConclusion: Knowledge, attitude, and practice levels of households toward IDA were not acceptable. One of the best ways of improving nutritional practice is nutritional education with focus on applying available food resources.

R Heshmat

2009-12-01

153

Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding HIV/AIDS among male high school students in Lao People's Democratic Republic  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Inadequate knowledge, negative attitudes and risky practices are major hindrances to preventing the spread of HIV. This study aimed to assess HIV-related knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAPs of high school students in Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR. Methods: A cross-sectional study on unmarried male students aged between 16 and 19 years old was undertaken in 2010 to evaluate their KAPs. We selected 300 eligible grade VII students through systematic random sampling from different high schools in one province of Lao PDR. Results: The majority of students surveyed were aware that HIV can be transmitted by sexual intercourse (97.7%, from mother to child (88.3% and through sharing needles or syringes (92.0%. Misconceptions about transmission of HIV were observed among 59.3% to 74.3% of respondents. Positive attitudes towards HIV/AIDS were observed among 55.7% of respondents. Nearly half of the surveyed students (45.3% said that they would be willing to continue studying in a school with HIV-positive friends, and 124 (41.3% said they would continue attending a school with HIV-positive teachers. Ninety-four (31.3% students had a history of sexual intercourse, and 70.2% of these students had used a condom. However, only 43.9% said they used condoms consistently. Students with medium and high levels of knowledge were 4.3 (95% CI=2.1–9.0, P<0.001 and 13.3 (95% CI=6.5–27.4, P<0.001 times more likely to display positive attitudes towards people living with HIV. Similarly, safe practices related to safe sex were also observed among students with medium (OR=2.8, 95% CI=0.9–8.8, P=0.069 and high levels of knowledge (OR=1.9, 95% CI=0.6–6.2, P=0.284. More than three-quarters of students mentioned television and radio as major sources of information on HIV/AIDS. Conclusions: Despite adequate knowledge about HIV/AIDS among the school students, misconceptions about routes of transmission were found. Negative attitudes to HIV/AIDS and risky practices were also present. Educational programmes with specific interventions are recommended to increase KAPs and to prevent new HIV infections among students in Lao PDR.

Bounbouly Thanavanh

2013-03-01

154

Study of Knowledge attitude and Practice of Non-pharmacological measures in patients with Gastro-esophageal Reflux Disease  

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Full Text Available Background: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD and its complications are very common all over the world as well as in India. Although pharmacological measures are very useful, nonpharmacological measures can give promising results in its management. Objective of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude and practice of nonpharmacological measures to control symptoms in patients with GERD. Materials and Methods: An interview of total 100 patients suffering from GERD not on pharmacological management was conducted. Their demographic details and responses to the questions were noted in the questionnaire.Results: Knowledge and practice about avoidance of large meals before lying down, avoidance of smoking, alcohol and tobacco chewing, weight loss and avoiding constricting cloths were very much compromised while knowledge and practice about avoidance of caffeine, carbonated beverages, spicy and citrus foods and fatty meals were at acceptable stage. About 20% of the study population said that GERD can be treated by drugs alone i.e. they were not aware of non-pharmacological measures. Conclusion: In patients with GERD, knowledge and practice regarding avoidance of fatty foods, spicy foods, citrus foods, caffeine and carbonated beverages is good but that of avoidance of smoking and tobacco chewing, alcohol, weight reduction, avoiding constricting cloths and avoidance of large meals before lying down is lacking. So, when we treat patients with GERD, areas of lacking knowledge and practice as mentioned above must be focused while motivating for the life style modification

Kaushal Suthar

2013-07-01

155

Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice about leprosy among patients and their families in a rural community in Tamil Nadu.  

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Leprosy as a social disease has been a major public health problem because of the social stigma and ignorance attached to it. This has made it difficult for our health care delivery system in their pursuit for early diagnosis and prompt treatment. This study was done with the objective of assessing the present knowledge, attitude and practice of leprosy affected persons and their family members in a rural setting. This cross sectional study was conducted by using a pre tested, structured questionnaire among 100 registered Leprosy patients and 100 adult members of patient's family in Thiruvallur district of Tamil Nadu. Data collected was analyzed and results were summarized in percentages and presented in tables. About 32% of the patients and 37% of family members were aware that leprosy is caused by a germ. Skin patches and loss of sensation as symptoms of Leprosy were known to 55% of patients and 73% of the family members. 84% of Patients and 64% family members said that leprosy was curable. About 90% of the patients and 82% of the family members stated that deformities can be prevented by early and regular treatment. The patients showed a negative attitude after contracting the disease. Most of the family members (73%) did not share articles used by patients. 91% of the family members felt leprosy patients can be employable. About 45% the family members opined that a cured leprosy patient can marry. About 90% of the patients participated in social functions and 64% didn't hesitate to take food along with others. All family members were found to be willing to support their leprosy affected relatives. This study revealed inconsistency and deficiencies in the knowledge, attitude and practice among the leprosy affected patients and their family members. The patients and family members had adequate average level of knowledge about leprosy, but their attitude toward the disease and their practices were not adequately favorable. PMID:25163255

Stephen, T; Selvaraj, I; Parameswari, P J

2014-01-01

156

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Related to Visceral Leishmaniasis in Rural Communities of Amhara State: A Longitudinal Study in Northwest Ethiopia  

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Background In the northwest of Ethiopia, at the South Gondar region, there was a visceral leishmaniasis (VL) outbreak in 2005, making the disease a public health concern for the regional health authorities ever since. The knowledge on how the population perceives the disease is essential in order to propose successful control strategies. Methodology/Principal findings Two surveys on VL knowledge, attitudes and practices were conducted at the beginning (May 2009) and at the end (February 2011) of a VL longitudinal study carried out in rural communities of Libo Kemkem and Fogera, two districts of the Amhara Regional State. Results showed that VL global knowledge was very low in the area, and that it improved substantially in the period studied. Specifically, from 2009 to 2011, the frequency of proper knowledge regarding VL signs and symptoms increased from 47% to 71% (p<0.0001), knowledge of VL causes increased from 8% to 25% (p<0.0001), and knowledge on VL protection measures from 16% to 55% (p<0.0001). Moreover, the improvement observed in VL knowledge was more marked among the families with no previous history of VL case. Finally, in 2011 more than 90% of the households owned at least an impregnated bed net and had been sprayed, and attitudes towards these and other protective measures were very positive (over 94% acceptance for all of them). Conclusions/Significance In 2009 the level of knowledge regarding VL was very low among the rural population of this area, although it improved substantially in the study period, probably due to the contribution of many actors in the area. VL patients and relatives should be appropriately informed and trained as they may act as successful health community agents. VL risk behavioural patterns are subject to change as attitudes towards protective measures were very positive overall. PMID:24743328

Lopez-Perea, Noemi; Sordo, Luis; Gadisa, Endalamaw; Cruz, Israel; Hailu, Tsegaye; Moreno, Javier; Aseffa, Abraham; Canavate, Carmen; Custodio, Estefania

2014-01-01

157

Survey of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Yazd University of Medical Sciences Students about Solid Wastes Disposal and Recycling  

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Full Text Available The risk of unhealthy disposal of solid waste is one of the important problems in many societies, and recycling is considered as a solution for managing solid wastes. Environmental knowledge and attitude of young people (like students appears to be crucial as their point of view ultimately plays an important role in providing solution to future environmental problems. In this study the knowledge, attitude and practice of Yazd University of Medical Sciences students in respect of disposal of solid wastes and the important factors were studied. Two hundred thirty seven students were included in this cross-sectional study, selected from 5 schools of this university. Data collected by a self administered questionnaire containing four sections, were analyzed using SPSS for Windows. The mean grade of knowledge of men and women was 13.53 and 12.38, of 20, respectively. The difference between the knowledge of males and females was significant (P< 0.016. On the whole the knowledge of the students was not appropriate. About 66% of students did not have any action in segregation and recycling of solid wastes. It is concluded that all students must take part in formal and informal education classes to promote their knowledge in this regard.

MH Ehrampoush , MH Baghiani Moghadam

2005-04-01

158

Sexual Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Female Undergraduate Students in Wuhan, China: The Only-Child versus Students with Siblings  

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Objectives This study explored sexual knowledge, attitudes and practices of female only-child undergraduates and made a comparison with students with siblings. Methods Anonymously completed questionnaires were received from 4,769 female undergraduates, recruited using randomized cluster sampling by type of university and students' major and grade. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess the effects of only-child on sexual knowledge, attitudes and practices among female undergraduates. Results Of 4,769 female undergraduate students, 41.0% were only-child and 59.0% were students with siblings. Compared with students with siblings, only-child students scored higher on sex-related knowledge, were more inclined to agree with premarital sex, multiple sex partners, one-night stands, extramarital lovers and homosexuality, and were more likely to have a boyfriend and experience sexual intercourse (73.6% vs. 61.4%; 24.0% vs. 14.0%). Only-children were less likely to experience coercion at first sex and have first sexual intercourse with men not their “boyfriends” than children with siblings (3.3% vs. 6.4%; 20.7% vs. 28.8%). There were no significant differences on other risky sexual behaviors (e.g. multiple sex partners and inconsistent condom use) between the only-child students and students with siblings. Conclusions Sexual knowledge, attitudes and some practices of only-child female undergraduates were different from students with siblings. Intervention should be designed according to different requirements of only-children and non-only-children. PMID:24023905

Li, Shiyue; Chen, Rucheng; Cao, Yue; Li, Jingjing; Zuo, Dan; Yan, Hong

2013-01-01

159

Factors influencing intensive care nurses' knowledge and attitudes regarding ventilator-associated pneumonia and oral care practice in intubated patients in Croatia.  

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Adequate oral care in intubated patients may reduce occurrence of ventilator-associated pneumonia. The purpose of this study was to explore knowledge, attitudes, and oral care practice in Croatian intensive care units and influencing factors. Nurses' knowledge is insufficient; however, most of them reported positive attitude toward the importance of oral care. Performed oral hygiene measures are mostly inappropriate. There is a need to improve the knowledge of ventilator-associated pneumonia and oral care. PMID:25278406

Jordan, Ante; Badovinac, Ana; Spalj, Stjepan; Par, Matej; Slaj, Martina; Plan?ak, Darije

2014-10-01

160

Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP Survey on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Selected Schools in Vhembe District, Limpopo, South Africa  

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Full Text Available This study assessed the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP of learners on issues related to water, sanitation and hygiene in selected schools in Vhembe District, South Africa. The methodology relied on a questionnaire, an inspection of sanitary facilities and discussion with the school authorities. The data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Science. The study revealed that the level of knowledge about waterborne diseases was relatively high (76.7 ± 1.75%, but knowledge on transmission routes was inadequate. The majority of the respondents had no knowledge when it comes to water-based diseases and their prevention (78.4 ± 1.71%.The attitude and practice on hygiene was also found to be high (91.40 ± 1.16%. Some schools from the urban area had proper handwashing facilities, but there was no soap available. The borehole water quality for rural schools appeared clear, but the microbial quality was unknown. The water supply and sanitation facilities were inadequate in rural schools, with no handwashing areas and no sanitary bins for girls. Some schools had toilets with broken doors which did not offer privacy. The only water tap, located at the centre of the school premises, was not enough for the whole school community.

Jabulani Ray Gumbo

2013-06-01

 
 
 
 
161

Evaluation of Food Hygiene Knowledge Attitudes and Practices of Food Handlers in Food Businesses in Accra, Ghana  

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Full Text Available Food handlers have a prime role to play in food businesses, and that is to guarantee that meals served are hygienic for consumption. Conscious or inadvertent contamination of such food places consumers at risk of suffering from food- borne illnesses. For this reason the study was carried out to document the food hygiene knowledge, attitudes and practices of some food handlers, in food businesses in Accra, Ghana and also to determine the microbiological load of the foods sold by the food businesses. The study targeted food handlers in the hotel industry. The study involved a field survey, followed by a laboratory assessment of microbiological status of food samples obtained from the sampled hotels. Cross tabulations and chi – squared tests (5% significance level as well as frequency distributions were used to analyze the data obtained from the field survey. Data obtained from the laboratory assessment were also compared to standard values of microbiological counts. Majority of respondents were between the ages of 30 - 40 years (42.9% with tertiary or post secondary education. Food hygiene knowledge and attitudes were satisfactory, however its practice was challenging. Gender, age and educational level of respondents did not influence their food hygiene practices. Microbial counts of all food samples was generally high ranging from 1.2 × 105 CFU/g to 1.1 × 108 CFU /g. The total coliform counts of foods ranged from 1.0 × 104 CFU/g to 5.0 × 106 CFU/g, and these were obtained from three out of the five hotel kitchens sampled. The study concluded that, the food hygiene knowledge and attitudes of the food handlers did not result in efficient food hygiene practices.

George Amponsah Annor

2011-10-01

162

AIDS and sexual practices: knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and practices of health professionals in the People's Republic of China.  

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68 upper level health professionals from 20 provinces in China completed to a questionnaire while attending either a health education workshop in Guangzhou in August 1989 or a similar workshop in Beijing in December 1989. The aim of the study was to determine their knowledge and attitudes since they were opinion leaders and key players in future AIDS prevention programs and to learn about sexual practices. 90% knew that a pregnant woman can transmit HIV to her infant and that sharing unclean needles can transmit HIV, but only 82.1% knew that someone with HIV can transmit it to a partner during sexual intercourse. 29.9% thought one can tell if someone has AIDS by looking at him or her. Newspapers and professional journals provided most of them with information on AIDS (80.6% and 73.1% respectively), but friends and government only provided this information to 29.9% and 19.4%. Overall the participants viewed AIDS as a threat to others and not themselves or families. 85-95% believed certain population groups such as policy makers, high school students, and the public should undergo sex education. Only 43.3% believed elementary schools should provide sex education, however. Participants tended to approve premarital sex and sex between individuals with emotional or long term ties more than extramarital sex. Nevertheless considerable percentage did condone extramarital sex. 95.8% experienced their 1st sexual relationship with their spouses. Even though participants tended to feel condoms did not make sex enjoyable, 81.6% and 72.5% believed condoms prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases respectively. 82% thought they were easy to use. 35% used condoms for contraception. Before using these upper level health workers to conduct AIDS training for lower level workers, they need to have a more thorough understanding of HIV transmission and the signs and symptoms of AIDS. PMID:1543640

Li, V C; Clayton, S; Cheng-Zhang, C; Zian, Z S; Guang-Jen, Y; Mei, G

1992-01-01

163

Not-Invented-Here : How Socialization Practices Affect Negative Attitudes To External Knowledge  

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The management literature has highlighted several potential benefits of socialization practices within companies. By contrast, this paper posits that socialization practices, by fostering a higher degree of company identity, contribute to generate a greater reluctance to the adoption of external knowledge, the so-called Not-Invented-Here (NIH) syndrome. Drawing on multi-informant survey data of small and medium-sized Danish enterprises, the paper finds that socialization practices are an important driver of the NIH syndrome with such an effect being attenuated in technologically highly specialized companies, but particularly aggravated in technologically sophisticated ones.

Burcharth, Ana Luiza Lara de Araújo; Fosfuri, Andrea

164

Tobacco use and cardiovascular disease: A knowledge, attitude and practice study in rural Kerala  

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Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Tobacco consumption, either in smokeless form or as smoking, is reported to be responsible for major non-communicable diseases, namely, cardiovascular diseases, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases and cancers. Whatsoever control strategy is being used, the community participation is of utmost importance, which will depend largely on the level of the knowledge in the community. AIM: To assess the knowledge and attitude of a rural community towards the harmful effects of tobacco use. SETTING AND DESIGN : Venganoor Gram Panchayat of Thiruvananthapuram district of Kerala; cross-sectional study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Interview schedule was used to collect the information on pre-designed and pre-tested proforma. The information recorded, included the demographic characteristics and socio-economic characteristics. The awareness regarding tobacco use and the attitude towards its non-usage was done, by putting forward, open and closed-ended questions. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Percentages and proportions; t-test; chi-square test. RESULTS: The present study included 302 (64.7% females and 165 (35.3% males. Among the males, 44 (38.5% were ever smokers. Though 451 (96.6% of the subjects knew that tobacco use is harmful for health, only 101 (22.5% of the subjects knew that it causes cardiovascular diseases. Electronic and print media were the common source of such knowledge being reported by 265 (58.7% and 202 (44.7% subjects, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The subjects were aware about the harmful effects of tobacco use. However, more efforts are needed to make them aware about the role of tobacco smoking and chewing, in causing cardiac problems.

Tiwari Rajnarayan

2006-07-01

165

Knowledge, attitudes and practices toward energy drinks among adolescents in Saudi Arabia.  

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The objective of this study is to explore the knowledge, attitudes and intake of energy drinks among adolescents in Saudi Arabia. A multi-stage stratified sampling procedure was carried out to select 1061 school children aged 12-19 years, from Jeddah city, Saudi Arabia. A short self-reported questionnaire was administrated in order to collect the data. Of adolescents in the study, 45% drank energy drinks (71.3% males and 35.9% females; PAdvertisements were the main source of information on energy drinks (43%). The major reasons for consuming energy drinks were taste and flavour (58%), to 'try them' (51.9%) and 'to get energy' (43%), albeit with significant differences between genders (Peffects related to high consumption of energy drinks. PMID:24576364

Musaiger, Abdulrahman; Zagzoog, Nisreen

2014-03-01

166

Knowledge, attitude, and practices related to Kala-azar in a rural area of Bihar state, India.  

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The Indian Government aspires to eliminate Kala-azar by 2010. Success of any disease control program depends on community participation, and there is no published data about the knowledge, attitude, and practices of the community about Kala-azar in endemic regions of India. For this knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) study, the heads of 3,968 households in a rural area, consisting of 26,444 populations, were interviewed using a pre-tested, semi-structured schedule. Most of the study subjects (97.4%) were aware of Kala-azar. Fever (71.3%) and weight loss (30.5%) were the most commonly known symptoms. The infectious nature of the disease was known to 39.9%. The majority believed that the disease spreads by mosquito bites (72.8%). For 63.6%, the breeding site of the vector was garbage collection. Only 23.6% preferred the public health sector for treatment, and 55.9% believed that facilities at primary health centers are not adequate. Poor knowledge of the study subjects about the disease and breeding sites of the vector underscores the need for health educational campaigns if the elimination program is to succeed. PMID:16968930

Singh, Shri P; Reddy, Dandu C S; Mishra, Rabindra N; Sundar, Shyam

2006-09-01

167

Conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas sobre la prueba de Papanicolaou / Knowledge, attitudes and practices on Papanicolaou cervical smear  

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Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivos: Determinar los conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas con respecto a la prueba de Papanicolaou (Pap); hallar la asociación entre la edad y grado de instrucción frente a dichas variables y describir las características sobre la práctica periódica del Pap. Diseño: Analítico y transversal. Lug [...] ar: Hospital Nacional Docente Madre-Niño ‘San Bartolomé’. Pacientes: Mujeres en edad fértil de consultorios externos. Intervenciones: Cuestionario estructurado, auto-desarrollado, durante noviembre-2005 a enero-2006. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó: X2, t student, Anova y OR. Principales medidas de resultados: Nivel de conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas en mujeres sobre el Pap, y asociaciones y características sobre su práctica periódica. Resultados: De 501 encuestadas, en 63% se encontró nivel bajo de conocimiento, en 66% una actitud desfavorable y en 71% una práctica incorrecta sobre la prueba de Papanicolaou; se obtuvo un OR = 1,45 (IC = 0,98 a 2,16) entre el nivel de conocimiento y la práctica correcta; la difusión por los medios de comunicación sobre el Pap fue 6,2% y la mayor barrera para no tener una práctica periódica del Pap fue el género masculino del ejecutor (34,2%). Conclusiones: Los niveles de conocimiento, actitudes y prácticas, en nuestra población, son bajos. El mayor nivel de conocimiento no está relacionado con la práctica correcta del Pap. Existe poca difusión sobre el Pap por los medios de comunicación y las limitantes a que las mujeres se tomen el Pap son principalmente psicológicas. Abstract in english Objetives: To determine the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices with respect to the Papanicolaou cervical smear test (Pap), to find association between age and learning level, and to describe the characteristics on Pap’s periodic practice. Design: Analytical and cross-sectional study. Settin [...] g: San Bartolome Mother and Child National Teaching Hospital. Patients: Women in fertile age. Interventions: Structured questionnaire, self-developed, from November 2005 through January 2006. X2, t student, Anova and OR were used for statistical analysis. Main outcome measures: Level of knowledge, attitudes and practices on Papanicolaou smear, as well as associations and characteristics on its periodical practice. Results: Of 501 surveys, 63% showed low level of knowledge, 66% had an unfavorable attitude, and 71% an incorrect practice of Pap smear; OR between knowledge level and correct practice was 1,45 (IC = 0,98 - 2,16). Mass media information on Pap smear was 6,2% and the greater barrier to having a Pap smear periodic practice was the performer’s gender (masculine) (34,2%). Conclusions: Level of knowledge, attitudes and practices in our population are low. The greater level of Pap knowledge is not related to correct practice. There is poor diffusion on Pap smear by the mass media. Observations on not having a Pap periodic practice are mainly psychological.

Fernando, Bazán; Margarita, Posso; César, Gutiérrez.

168

Effect of an institutional development plan for user participation on professionals' knowledge, practice, and attitudes. A controlled study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Governments in several countries attempt to strengthen user participation through instructing health care organisations to plan and implement activities such as user representation in administrational boards, improved information to users, and more individual user participation in clinical work. The professionals are central in implementing initiatives to enhance user participation in organisations, but no controlled studies have been conducted on the effect on professionals from implementing institutional development plans. The objective was to investigate whether implementing a development plan intending to enhance user participation in a mental health hospital had any effect on the professionals' knowledge, practice, or attitudes towards user participation. Methods This was a non-randomized controlled study including professionals from three mental health hospitals in Central Norway. A development plan intended to enhance user participation was implemented in one of the hospitals as a part of a larger re-organizational process. The plan included i.e. establishing a patient education centre and a user office, purchasing of user expertise, appointing contact professionals for next of kin, and improving of the centre's information and the professional culture. The professionals at the intervention hospital thus constituted the intervention group, while the professionals at two other hospitals participated as control group. All professionals were invited to answer the Consumer Participation Questionnaire (CPQ and additional questions, focusing on knowledge, practice, and attitudes towards user participation, two times with a 16 months interval. Results A total of 438 professionals participated (55% response rate. Comparing the changes in the intervention group with the changes in the control group revealed no statistically significant differences at a 0.05 level. The implementation of the development plan thus had no measurable effect on the professionals' knowledge, practice, or attitudes at the intervention hospital, compared to the control hospitals. Conclusion This is the first controlled study on the effect on professionals from implementing a development plan to enhance user participation in a mental health hospital. The plan had no effect on professionals' knowledge, practice, or attitudes. This can be due to the quality of the development plan, the implementation process, and/or the suitability of the outcome measures.

Rise Marit By

2011-11-01

169

The knowledge, attitude and practice in prevention of dental caries amongst pediatricians in Bangalore: A cross-sectional study  

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Full Text Available Dental caries comprise the single most chronic disease affecting children today. Evidence increasingly suggests that for successful prevention of dental caries, preventive interactions must begin within the first year of life. Pediatricians are responsible for the primary care of the child and are well positioned to begin this process if they recognize and encourage good preventive habits and refer appropriately. Insufficient information about their role in prevention of dental caries led us to conduct a survey among pediatricians in Bangalore urban to determine their knowledge, attitude and practice in prevention of dental caries.

Murthy G

2010-06-01

170

Current knowledge attitudes, and practices of healthcare providers about leprosy in Assam, India  

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Full Text Available Background: Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease that is associated with serious morbidity and is a disease of public health concern because of the case load and the social stigma attached to the disease. Aim: To understand the knowledge of, and attitudes towards, leprosy amongst healthcare providers in Assam, India. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study was conducted during March to June 2007 in different health institutions of the Kamrup district of Assam. Results: Among the program managers interviewed, only half were organizing training sessions, and 37.5% were involved in supervision of the program activities at the periphery level. Among the program managers who were involved with leprosy elimination, only half were organizing training session and 37.5% were involved in supervision of the program activities at the periphery level. Medical officers consistently demonstrated higher knowledge about leprosy, followed by health supervisors and multipurpose workers (MPWs, including nursing staff. Regarding training status with regard to leprosy, 90% of medical officers, 80% of health supervisors and around 87% of MPWs (83% of male MPWs and 89% of female MPWs had attended training programs on leprosy. Regarding WHO MDT, 80% of health supervisors, 84.8% of male MPWs and 86.2% of female MPWs had an idea of MDT and treatment duration of various categories of patients. Conclusions: These observations suggest that there appear to be adequate knowledge and positive behavior among healthcare providers with regard to leprosy in this part of India. However, there is still a need to organize training programs at regular intervals to train new recruits, as well as reinforce and update the knowledge of those already trained.

Kar Sumit

2010-01-01

171

Emergency Contraception: Exploring the Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Engineering College Girls in Nagpur District of Central India  

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Full Text Available Background: The major factor limiting the use of EC may be inadequate information about their effectiveness and availability or unfavourable opinions about their safety due to misinformation. So the study was carried to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of EC among engineering college girls. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in an engineering college. All girls from a field were included in the study. Data was collected by a predesigned, pre-tested, self-administered multiple response questionnaires. Results: A total of 8(5.7% reported that they had previously used ECPs. An association was found between users and their level of knowledge. Users had Average/Good knowledge as compared to non–users (OR-12.51. A strong association was found between source of information and level of knowledge. In other words, respondent receiving information from the Health Personnel (OR 21.49 and Audio-Visual Media (OR 10.2 were more likely to have good or average knowledge as compared to family and friends (OR 6. Conclusion: Knowledge of emergency contraception by students is low and the method is still underused. Strategies to promote use of emergency contraception should be focused on spreading accurate information through medical sources, which have been found to be reliable and associated with good knowledge on emergency contraception.

Nisha Relwani, Ajeet Saoji, N.B.Kasturwar, Jaydeep.Nayse, Mohd.Junaid, Poonam Dhatrak

2012-01-01

172

Knowledge, attitude, and practices related to cutaneous leishmaniasis in an endemic focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis, Southern Iran  

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Objective To assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of inhabitants of an endemic area in Fars province toward cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). Methods The study was carried out in Lapui district in Fars province, south of Iran, one of the most important foci of CL in this province. Sample size (237 residents) was calculated based on population. House-to-house survey was done to collect the data regarding knowledge, attitudes, and practices of the inhabitants. The head of each household was interviewed by a trained staff to assess his/her KAP related to CL. A semi-structured KAP questionnaire was used for data collection. Results Mean age of participants was 39 and more than half of the respondents were in the age group of 31-40. Males constituted 172 (72.5%) of subjects. Most of the respondents (84.3%) were literate. The majority of the study population (83%) had heard about Salak (local name for CL) and most of these respondents (91%) were aware that CL is presented with a cutaneous lesion. Nearly two-third of the participants (63.5%) stated the bite of mosquito (not specifically sandflies) for CL transmission. The respondents' attitude regarding the treatment of CL was not satisfactory since only 48% believed that CL can be treated by medicine. A noticeable proportion of respondents (21%) believed in indigenous medicine for the treatment of CL. A small proportion of respondents (14%) stated that traditional healers are good at treating this disease. More than two-third (69%) of respondents believed that the disease is preventable although most of interviewees did not know about preventive measures. Conclusions In this study, insufficient knowledge of community about infection nature, vector, transmission mode and preventive measures of CL, highlights the needs for a health education initiative to enhance the awareness of people about CL. This would improve inhabitants' contribution in control program of CL in this area.

Sarkari, Bahador; Qasem, Asgari; Shafaf, Mohammad Reza

2014-01-01

173

Study of Knowledge, Attitude & Practice Regarding The Various Methods of Contraception in a Rural Setup of Hoskote  

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Full Text Available Background: Contraception is as old as mankind.In view of increasing population there’s need for awareness regarding the use of various contraceptive methods. Aims and Objectives: To assess the Knowledge, Attitude & Practice regarding the various contraceptive methods in a rural setup of Hoskote. Materials & Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out at MVJ, UHC & PHC of Hoskote Taluk on OPD basis. Data was collected by a pre-designed questionnaire at the OPD. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS software. People were simultaneously educated regarding the various contraceptive methods. Results: Total sample size was 150 of which 75 were males and 75 females. Knowledge about contraceptives was seen more in males (93.3% when compared to females (72%. 95.2% of gradates had knowledge regarding the methods of contraception. This suggests that the knowledge about contraception is better perceived and understood among the literate group. Most common method of contraceptive practiced was barrier methods (40%, followed by sterilization procedure (20%, IUCD (18.67%, OCP (12%, coitus interruptus (8.67% and emergency contraception (0.67%. Conclusion: There has been a considerable improvement among the people even in rural setup regarding the contraceptive use, but there still exists lack of awareness and knowledge regarding the use of contraceptive methods in some small groups of people. IEC activities have to be increased especially for females of this rural setup.

Yogendra V, Shuaib Ahmed, Sana Jaweriya, Sagorika Mullick

2012-01-01

174

Private doctors' practices, knowledge, and attitude to reporting of communicable diseases: a national survey in Taiwan  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Epidemiological surveillance of infectious diseases through the mandatory-reporting system is crucial in the planning and evaluation of disease control and prevention program. This study investigated the reporting behavior, knowledge, and attitude to reporting communicable disease in private doctors in Taiwan. The differences between the reporting and non-reporting doctors were also explored. Methods A total of 1250 clinics were randomly sampled nationwide by a 2-stage process. Data were collected from 1093 private doctors (87.4% response rate using a self-administered structured questionnaire. Four hundred and six (37.2% doctors reported having diagnosed reportable communicable diseases. Among them, 340 (83.5% have the experiences of reporting. Results The most common reasons for not reporting were "do not want to violate the patient's privacy", "reporting procedure is troublesome", and "not sure whether the diagnosed disease is reportable". Significantly higher proportions of the non-reporting doctors considered the reporting system inconvenient or were not familiar with the system. The highest percentage (65.2% of the non-reporting doctors considered that a simplified reporting procedure, among all measures, would increase their willingness to report. In addition, a significantly higher proportion of the non-reporting doctors would increase their willingness to report if there has been a good reward for reporting or a penalty for not reporting. Conclusion The most effective way to improve reporting rate may be to modify doctor's attitude to disease reporting. The development of a convenient and widely-accepted reporting system and the establishment of a reward/penalty system may be essential in improving disease reporting compliance in private doctors.

Chang Chen-Kang

2009-01-01

175

Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Related to Dietary Supplements and Micronutrients in Health Sciences Students  

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Objectives: Little is known about supplement users and their dietary behavior in India. This study was conducted with the following objectives: 1. To determine the usage of dietary supplements in health sciences students. 2. To determine their knowledge, attitudes and beliefs regarding micronutrients. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional, questionnaire based study conducted at a University in south India, which included second year students pursuing medical, dental and nursing courses. Data was analysed using SPSS version 19. Results: The commonest reasons for consuming supplements were to maintain good health (136, 40.1%) and ensure adequate nutrition (125, 36.9%). The respondents’ opinions about dietary supplements were generally between ‘unsure’ and ‘agree’. Medical students scored the highest percentage (44.84%) in their knowledge about micronutrients as compared to nursing (43.17%) and dental (37.8%). There was a significant difference between the scores of medical and dental students (p=0.005) while the scoring of students of medical and nursing did not vary significantly. There was no significant difference between the scoring percentage of males and females in medical and dental groups while in the nursing group female students scored a better percentage as compared to males (p=0.036). Conclusion: Although, the usage of dietary supplements in health sciences students is high, there is a dearth of knowledge, especially regarding role of micronutrients in health and disease. Hence, it is crucial this information must be highlighted in the health sciences curriculum with the objective of producing well-informed professionals who can later on have a positive impact on the health of society. PMID:25302213

Adiga, Shalini; M, Ashok

2014-01-01

176

Urban-rural inequities in knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding tuberculosis in two districts of Pakistan's Punjab province  

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Full Text Available Abstract Objective The aim of this study was to explore inequities in knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding tuberculosis (TB among the urban and rural populations. Design A cross-sectional study was conducted in two districts of Pakistan's Punjab province. The 1080 subjects aged 20 years and above, including 432 urban and 648 rural respondents, were randomly selected using multistage cluster sampling and interviewed after taking verbal informed consent. Logistic regression was used to calculate the crude odds ratio (OR with 95% confidence interval (CI for the urban area. The differences in knowledge, attitudes, practices and information sources between the urban and rural respondents were highlighted using Pearson chi-square test and Fisher's exact test. Results The study revealed poor knowledge regarding TB. The deficit was greater in the rural areas in all aspects. The knowledge regarding symptoms (OR 2.03, 95% CI 1.59-2.61, transmission (OR 1.93, 95% CI 1.44-2.59, prevention (OR 2.24, 95% CI 1.70-2.96, duration of standard treatment (OR 1.88, 95% 1.41-2.49 and DOTS (OR 1.84, 95% CI 1.43-2.38 was significantly higher in the urban areas (all P Conclusion Respondents' knowledge regarding TB was deficient in all aspects, particularly in the rural areas. Intended health seeking behavior was better in the urban areas. Television and health workers were the main sources for TB related information in both the urban as well as the rural areas. Therefore, the area of residence should be considered in tailoring communication strategies and designing future interventions for TB prevention and control.

Omer Fatima

2011-02-01

177

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices for Cervical Cancer Screening Among the Bhutanese Refugee Community in Omaha, Nebraska  

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Cervical cancer is the second most common cause of cancer mortality among women with the vast majority of patients in developing countries. Bhutanese refugees in the United States are from South Central Asia, the 4th leading region of the world for cervical cancer incidence. Over the past few years, Bhutanese refugees have increased significantly in Nebraska. This study evaluates current knowledge of cervical cancer and screening practices among the Bhutanese refugee women in Omaha, Nebraska. The study aimed to investigate cervical cancer and screening knowledge and perceptions about the susceptibility and severity of cervical cancer and perceived benefits and barriers to screening. Self-administered questionnaires and focus groups based on the Health Belief Model were conducted among 42 healthy women from the Bhutanese refugee community in Omaha. The study revealed a significant lack of knowledge in this community regarding cervical cancer and screening practices, with only 22.2 % reporting ever hearing of a Pap test and 13.9 % reporting ever having one. Only 33.3 % of women were in agreement with their own perceived susceptibility to cervical cancer. Women who reported ever hearing about the Pap test tended to believe more strongly about curability of the disease if discovered early than women who never heard about the test (71.4 vs. 45.0 %, for the two groups. respectively). Refugee populations in the United States are in need for tailored cancer education programs especially when being resettled from countries with high risk for cancer. PMID:25060231

Haworth, Rebecca J.; Margalit, Ruth; Ross, Christine; Nepal, Tikka

2014-01-01

178

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices for cervical cancer screening among the Bhutanese refugee community in Omaha, Nebraska.  

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Cervical cancer is the second most common cause of cancer mortality among women with the vast majority of patients in developing countries. Bhutanese refugees in the United States are from South Central Asia, the 4th leading region of the world for cervical cancer incidence. Over the past few years, Bhutanese refugees have increased significantly in Nebraska. This study evaluates current knowledge of cervical cancer and screening practices among the Bhutanese refugee women in Omaha, Nebraska. The study aimed to investigate cervical cancer and screening knowledge and perceptions about the susceptibility and severity of cervical cancer and perceived benefits and barriers to screening. Self-administered questionnaires and focus groups based on the Health Belief Model were conducted among 42 healthy women from the Bhutanese refugee community in Omaha. The study revealed a significant lack of knowledge in this community regarding cervical cancer and screening practices, with only 22.2 % reporting ever hearing of a Pap test and 13.9 % reporting ever having one. Only 33.3 % of women were in agreement with their own perceived susceptibility to cervical cancer. Women who reported ever hearing about the Pap test tended to believe more strongly about curability of the disease if discovered early than women who never heard about the test (71.4 vs. 45.0 %, for the two groups. respectively). Refugee populations in the United States are in need for tailored cancer education programs especially when being resettled from countries with high risk for cancer. PMID:25060231

Haworth, Rebecca J; Margalit, Ruth; Ross, Christine; Nepal, Tikka; Soliman, Amr S

2014-10-01

179

Role of steroids in septic shock: Assessment of knowledge, attitudes and practices among intensivists practising in Hyderabad  

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Full Text Available Context: Use of steroids in septic shock is an issue of contention, more so with two major trials reporting conflicting results. Aims: To assess the current knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP related to the role of steroids in septic shock among intensivists practising in Hyderabad. Setting, Design, Materials and Methods: Questionnaires containing 10 questions pertaining to the role of steroids in septic shock, were distributed to 76 intensivists during the monthly critical care meeting. Results: A great majority of intensivists (82% agreed that the role of steroids is restricted to septic shock not responding to vasopressors. There was no clear consensus regarding the role of corticotropin stimulation test or the timing of total cortisol level testing, if it has to be performed. Hydrocortisone was clearly the choice of steroid for most intensivists and intravenous bolus injection being the preferred route of administration. There was no agreement regarding the dose of steroids, the role of fludrocortisone and whether steroids should be tapered. Most of the respondents did not extend the steroid therapy beyond seven days and the most common side effect reported was hyperglycemia. Conclusion: There is a lot of ambiguity in the knowledge, attitudes or practices regarding role of steroids in septic shock among intensivists in Hyderabad. Uniform policies and protocols need to be devised at institutional level, with multispecialty inputs, and doctors need to be familiarized accordingly.

Juneja Deven

2009-01-01

180

COMPARISON OF LONG ACTING ?2 - AGONISTS IN THE ASTHMATIC PATIENTS AND ASSESSMENT OF THEIR KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE  

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Full Text Available The study was conducted to evaluate the efficacies of the three long acting beta2-agonists (Salmeterol, Formoterol and Bambuterol in south Indian population. This prospective multi-centered study conducted in various hospitals on basis of block randomization method using St. George’s respiratory questionnaire and assess pulmonary function using spirometer. Out of 85 patients, 25 received Salmeterol, 35 received Formoterol and 25 received Bambuterol, showed variable improvement in the quality of life from baseline and clinical improvements. Change in overall scores from baseline was 56.33 units for Salmeterol, 61.91 units for Formoterol and 54.54 units for Bambuterol. Pulmonary function tests showed a better result for Salmeterol. Knowledge, attitude and practice of patients were improved at the end of the study and showed better compliance that had a good impact on the quality of life of the patients. Salmeterol has shown a better improvement and correlation in case of both quality of life and pulmonary function tests, when compared with others. Formoterol showed a better quality of life but a correlation with the pulmonary function tests was not seen like Salmeterol. The proportion of patients showed increase in knowledge, attitude and practice as well as the compliance by the end of the study.

Siraj Sundaran

2012-10-01

 
 
 
 
181

Survey of the knowledge, attitude and practice of Nigerian surgery trainees to HIV-infected persons and AIDS patients  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The incidence of HIV infection and AIDS is rising in Nigeria. Surgeons are at risk of occupationally acquired infection as a result of intimate contact with the blood and body fluids of patients. This study set out to determine the knowledge, attitude and risk perception of Nigerian surgery residents to HIV infection and AIDS. Methods A self-administered postal questionnaire was sent to all surgery trainees in Nigeria in 1997. Results Parenteral exposure to patients' blood was reported as occurring 92.5% times, and most respondents assessed their risk of becoming infected with HIV as being moderate at 1–5%. The majority of the respondents were not aware of the CDC guidelines on universal precautions against blood-borne pathogens. Most support a policy of routinely testing all surgical patients for HIV infection but 76.8% work in centers where there is no policy on parenteral exposure to patients' blood and body fluids. Most (85.6% do not routinely use all the protective measures advocated for the reduction of transmission of blood borne pathogens during surgery, with the majority ascribing this to non-availability. Most want surgeons to be the primary formulators of policy on HIV and surgery while not completely excluding other stakeholders. Conclusions The study demonstrates the level of knowledge, attitude and practice of Nigerian surgery trainees in 1997 and the need for policy guidelines to manage all aspects of the healthcare worker (HCW, patients, and HIV/AIDS interaction.

Ezeome Emma R

2002-08-01

182

Development and Pilot Testing of Nutrition Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Questionnaire in Persons with Disabilities (KAP-nOKU among Trainers in Rehabilitation Centres, Malaysia  

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Full Text Available Malnutrition and growth failure are prevalent among Persons with Disabilities (PWD and most trainers or care givers in the Community-based Rehabilitation (CBR centres had limited knowledge in nutrition management for this vulnerable population. The purpose of this study was to develop and examine the validity and reliability of an evaluation instrument, Nutrition Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Questionnaire in Persons with Disabilities (KAP-nOKU among trainers in CBR centres, Malaysia. KAP-nOKU was a guided self-administered questionnaire and consisted of 30 knowledge, 15 attitude and 15 practice items. After items generation, it was assessed the content validity by an expert panel; and face validity by nine care givers for spastic children. The revised questionnaire was further pre-tested. This pilot study was a cross-sectional survey and recruited 165 trainers from CBR centres in Perlis, Pulau Pinang and Perak, Malaysia. Item analysis or construct validity, internal consistency and test-retest reliability of KAP-nOKU were examined. Five sub-domains were constructed for knowledge domain and three factor-solutions emerged for attitude and practice domains, respectively. Items with low factor loading and correlation were removed. Internal consistency was good-to-excellent for knowledge (KR20 = 0.63, attitude (CA = 0.67 and practice (CA = 0.82 domains. Test-retest reliability- the intraclass correlation coefficients for knowledge, attitude and practice domains were 0.59, 0.73 and 0.91 (p<0.05. The finalized KAP-nOKU after analysis contained 57 items-29 knowledge, 13 attitude and 15 practice items. KAP-nOKU was an adequately valid and reliable questionnaire which can serve as an assessment tool to evaluate the effectiveness of nutrition education among trainers or care givers in rehabilitation centres, Malaysia.

Seong-Ting Chen

2013-01-01

183

Protocol for a national, mixed-methods knowledge, attitudes and practices survey on non-communicable diseases  

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Background Mongolia is undergoing rapid epidemiological transition with increasing urbanisation and economic development. The lifestyle and health of Mongolians are changing as a result, shown by the 2005 and 2009 STEPS surveys (World Health Organization's STEPwise Approach to Chronic Disease Risk Factor Surveillance) that described a growing burden of Non-Communicable Diseases and injuries (NCDs). This study aimed to assess, describe and explore the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the Mongolian adult population around NCDs in order to better understand the drivers and therefore develop more appropriate solutions to this growing disease burden. In addition, it aimed to provide data for the evaluation of current public health programs and to assist in building effective, evidence-based health policy. Methods/design This national survey consisted of both quantitative and qualitative methods. A quantitative household-based questionnaire was conducted using a nationally representative sampleof 3854 rural and urban households. Participants were selected using a multi-stage cluster sampling technique in 42 regions across Mongolia, including rural and urban sites. Permanent residents of sampled households were eligible for recruitment, if aged between 15-64 years. This quantitative arm was then complemented and triangulated with a qualitative component: twelve focus group discussions focusing on diet, exercise and alcohol consumption. Discussions took place in six sites across the country, facilitated by local, trained health workers. These six sites were chosen to reflect major Mongolian cultural and social groups. Discussion KAP surveys are well represented in the literature, but studies that aim to explore the knowledge, attitudes and practices of a population around NCDs remain scarce. This is despite the growing number of national epidemiological surveys, such as STEPS, which aim to quantify the burden of these diseases but do not explore the level of population-based awareness, understanding, risk-perception and possible motivation for change. Therefore this paper will contribute to building a knowledge base of NCD KAP survey methodology for future use in epidemiology and research worldwide.

Demaio, Alessandro R; Dugee, Otgontuya

2011-01-01

184

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice of Condom Use among Males Aged (15-49 Years in Erbil Governorate  

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Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Globally, condom is an important method of family planning and prevention of sexually transmitted infections especially human immune deficiency virus HIV/ acquired immune deficiency syndrome AIDS. Family planning saves lives of women and children and improves the quality of life. This study was conducted to assess knowledge, attitudes and practices in addition to socio-demographic factors of condom use among males in Erbil governorate. Subjects and method: A cross sectional study conducted on randomly selected sample of 600 males aged 15-49 years from 3 districts of Erbil governorate of Iraqi Kurdistan region by using multistage cluster sampling method to assess their knowledge, attitudes and practice of condom use. Results: Only 12% of respondents had ever used condoms. The main reason for condom use was for family planning in about 91.7%. About a quarter of respondents reported knowing how to use condom correctly. Condoms were considered by respondents as an effective method of contraception and prevention of sexually transmitted infections 33.2% and 28.3% respectively. While 30.3% of them believed that condom use had some harmful effects. The main reason to non condom use was lack of need in 45.5%, fertility related reasons in 17% and the use of other methods by the female partner 13.6%. Although 64% of respondents heard about AIDS /HIV and 71.7% about STIS in general, only few felt that they are at risk of STIs 9.5% and HIV infection 8.5%. Conclusion: The study showed that the rate of condom use was low among the studied sample. This was due to lack of knowledge about proper and effective use of condoms, low perception of risk of HIV and other STIs, misperception about harmful effects of condoms and the use of other family planning methods by respondents and their female sexual partner.

Aziz Sulaiman Ismael

2012-05-01

185

Knowledge, attitude and practice of type 2 diabetic patients regarding obesity: study in a tertiary care hospital in Bangladesh  

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Full Text Available Prevention and management of obesity largely depends on patient motivation and education and these, in turn, can be greatly facilitated by adequate baseline data on the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP of patients. The aim of this study is to assess KAP on obesity among Bangladeshi type 2 diabetics. Under a cross-sectional design 160 type 2 diabetics were selected from outpatient department of Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation in Diabetes, Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders. A standard questionnaire was constructed in local language and interview was administrated. Age and body mass index (BMI of the respondents were 45.17±5.68 years and 25.6 ±4 kg/m2 respectively. Among them 45% were male, 38% had primary education, 25% belonged to normal weight, 1/2 of them were overweight and rest were obese. KAP score of the respondents was [mean ±SD(%] 60.03±13.82, 79.30±8.27, 55.50±19.21 respectively. Majority were unaware about ideal body weight, energy requirement and the weight measurement techniques. A substantial proportion of the respondents considered fast food, soft drinks, mayonnaise as healthier food. Majority of them positively agreed on willingness to follow proper diet, maintaining ideal body weight, dietary management and exercise. More than half of the normal weight and overweight respondents did exercise >45 min, while 1/3 obese did not do exercise (35%. KAP score were significantly associated with respondents’ level of education (P=0.0001, P=0.007, P=0.05 respectively practice score was significantly associated with sex (P=0.0001, occupation (P=0.003 and BMI (P=0.0001. There is a need for increased effort towards developing and making education programs focusing on empowering the persons to transform their knowledge and attitude into practice.

Kazi Rumana Ahmed

2012-03-01

186

A Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Survey regarding Sex, Contraception and Sexually Transmitted Diseases among Commerce College Students in Mumbai  

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Introduction: One in four Indians is a juvenile. Sexual crimes, pre marital sex, sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancies are on the rise. It has been shown that lack of sexuality education can significantly contribute to the above. Aim: We conducted this study to determine the knowledge and awareness of college students regarding sex and related matters and the factors affecting the prevalent outlook and practices of youth towards the same. Methodology: A prospective cross-sectional survey was conducted amongst 500 students of the K.P.B. Hinduja College of Commerce from December 2012 to March 2013 as per the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) guidelines. Main Outcome Measures: 1. Sex knowledge scores of males and females regarding contraception, sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS. 2. Percentage response of males and females to questions depicting attitudes and perceptions regarding premarital sex and promiscuity, sexual fantasy and masturbation, unwanted pregnancies and contraception. 3. Responses depicting participant’s premarital and high risk sexual activities. Results: The mean age was 18.6 ±1.6 years, 46% of participants were female. The total sex related knowledge scores of males and females were 8.2±1.2 and 6.2±2.4 (pattitude towards having sex with multiple partners. Premarital sex is more common than once believed. In the light of our finds and the current scenario, sexuality education is indispensable in order to guide the youth to develop and adopt healthy and appropriate sexual practices.

Mutha, Sonali A; Baghel, Paritosh J; Patil, Ramanand J; Bhagat, Sagar B; Patel, Sadiq B; Watsa, Mahinder C

2014-01-01

187

Food safety in hospital: knowledge, attitudes and practices of nursing staff of two hospitals in Sicily, Italy  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Food hygiene in hospital poses peculiar problems, particularly given the presence of patients who could be more vulnerable than healthy subjects to microbiological and nutritional risks. Moreover, in nosocomial outbreaks of infectious intestinal disease, the mortality risk has been proved to be significantly higher than the community outbreaks and highest for foodborne outbreaks. On the other hand, the common involvement in the role of food handlers of nurses or domestic staff, not specifically trained about food hygiene and HACCP, may represent a further cause of concern. The purpose of this study was to evaluate knowledge, attitudes, and practices concerning food safety of the nursing staff of two hospitals in Palermo, Italy. Association with some demographic and work-related determinants was also investigated. Methods The survey was conducted, by using a semi-structured questionnaire, in March-November 2005 in an acute general hospital and a paediatric hospital, where nursing staff is routinely involved in food service functions. Results Overall, 401 nurses (279, 37.1%, of the General Hospital and 122, 53.5%, of the Paediatric Hospital, respectively answered. Among the respondents there was a generalized lack of knowledge about etiologic agents and food vehicles associated to foodborne diseases and proper temperatures of storage of hot and cold ready to eat foods. A general positive attitude towards temperature control and using clothing and gloves, when handling food, was shared by the respondents nurses, but questions about cross-contamination, refreezing and handling unwrapped food with cuts or abrasions on hands were frequently answered incorrectly. The practice section performed better, though sharing of utensils for raw and uncooked foods and thawing of frozen foods at room temperatures proved to be widely frequent among the respondents. Age, gender, educational level and length of service were inconsistently associated with the answer pattern. More than 80% of the respondent nurses did not attend any educational course on food hygiene. Those who attended at least one training course fared significantly better about some knowledge issues, but no difference was detected in both the attitude and practice sections. Conclusion Results strongly emphasize the need for a safer management of catering in the hospitals, where non professional food handlers, like nursing or domestic staff, are involved in food service functions.

La Guardia Maurizio

2007-04-01

188

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice of Diabetes in Rural Bangladesh: The Bangladesh Population Based Diabetes and Eye Study (BPDES)  

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Background To assess the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice (KAP) amongst the general community regarding type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in rural Bangladesh. Methods Data was collected using cluster random sampling from 3104 adults residing in a rural district in Bangladesh. Participants underwent a KAP questionnaire survey regarding assessing diabetes, socio-demographic and medical history. Descriptive, Chi-square and regression analyses were performed. Results Participants were aged between 30 and 89 years (M ?=?51, SD ?=?11.8) and 65.5% were female. The prevalence of diabetes was found to be 8.3%. The majority (93%) reported to have heard of diabetes, yet only 4% knew what a glucose tolerance test was. Only 50% reported that they knew physical inactivity was a risk factor. Age, gender, level of education and socio-economic status (SES) were significantly associated with KAP. A lower proportion (41%) of older participants (aged ?65 years) reported that they knew that dietary modifications assist in diabetes control compared to those aged less than 35 years (69%), peducation compared to no schooling (? ?=?0.726, 95% CI?=?0.596, 0.857) reported significantly more knowledge, after multivariate adjustments for covariates. Participants aged under 35 years, (odds ratio (OR) ?=?1.73, 95% CI ?=?1.22–2.43) had significantly higher positive attitudes towards treatments of diabetes compared to those aged ?65 years. Of the 99 people with known diabetes, more than 50% (n?=?52) never had their blood sugar levels checked since diagnosis. Conclusions Knowledge of diabetes and its risk factors is very limited in rural Bangladesh, even in persons diagnosed with type 2 DM. The development of public health programmes to increase knowledge of diabetes and its complications is required to assist people living in rural Bangladesh to control and management of diabetes. PMID:25313643

Islam, Fakir M. Amirul; Chakrabarti, Rahul; Dirani, Mohamed; Islam, M. Tauhidul; Ormsby, Gail; Wahab, Mohamed

2014-01-01

189

Knowledge and Attitudes of Infertile Male Patients Attending Kamal Alsamaraee Fertility Center about Assisted Reproductive Technique in Practice  

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Full Text Available Problem statement: The aim of this survey was to show the knowingness and standings of infertile male patient that attending Kamal Al Samaraee fertility center, about IVF and IUI procedures in clinical practice. Approach: A cross sectional study done and data were collected during two months period using special form of questionnaire, the total sample was 203 male patients Were performed using descriptive rates and percentages, procedures included Pearson?s product- moment correlation were included. Results: The first part showed the demographic data and there was a significant positive correlation between the patient?s knowledge about (ART and level of education (r = 0.703988 and their knowledge and duration of infertility (r = 0.607133 respectively. The second part of the study showed lack of knowledge about some aspects of assisted reproductive technique as a procedure and as a technical details, most of the participant don?t know whether IUI need general anesthesia or not (41%, the same thing is true for (IVF technique, also 41% of the sample didn?t know whether fertilization of ova done outside the wife body or not., the third part showed the attitudes of participants were (80% of the participants refused gamete donation. Conclusion: it was obvious that there was lack of knowledge about many aspects of (ART, also the attitudes of the participants was highly influenced by cultural and religious believes therefore, education is needed to make the general community aware of the various aspects of (ART, on the other hand we recommended that a governmental legislative and financial support should be made for the promotion of assisted reproductive technique in Iraq.

Lujain A.A. Khazrajy

2009-01-01

190

Knowledge, attitude and practice of private practitioners regarding tb-dots in a rural district of Sindh, Pakistan  

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Tuberculosis is prevailing in both urban and rural areas of Pakistan. Knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of private practitioners (PPs) regarding tuberculosis management have been reported only in urban areas of Pakistan. This survey was conducted for the first time in a rural area of Sindh, Pakistan. This survey was conducted in January 2007 at Thatta, a rural district of Sindh, Pakistan. Study subjects were twenty-two allopathic qualified (MBBS) doctors of district Thatta, who were practicing in private setups for at least last one year. Before TB-DOTS training PPs had filled the KAP questionnaire regarding tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis and management through DOTS. Survey data was analysed through SPSS version 11.05 software. On average, five TB suspects per month were seen by each PP. Only 14% of PPs advised sputum microscopy solely for pulmonary TB diagnosis, while 86% of PPs used different combination of tests (chest x-ray/sputum microscopy/ESR/tuberculin test) for TB diagnosis. Over 40% PPs did not prescribe TB treatment regimen according to TB-DOTS category. Majority PPs (85%) did not follow the treatment through sputum microscopy and instead relied on clinical improvement and x-ray clearance. Nearly 60% of TB patients at PPs clinic did not show compliance to the TB treatment and none of PPs were following the retrieval of default cases. A gross lack of PPs knowledge and right practice regarding TB diagnosis and management through DOTS was identified and needed to be addressed through providing DOTS training. (author)

191

Knowledge, attitudes, and poultry-handling practices of poultry workers in relation to avian influenza in India  

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Avian influenza (AI) is a viral disease of domestic and wild birds. The recent pandemics caused by highly pathogenic AIA (H5N1) in domestic poultry is currently rated phase 3 by the World Health Organization on the pandemicalert scale. Materials and Methods: A pretested and semistructured survey instrument was administered to both live bird market and poultry farm workers in two most populous cities in Karnataka in South India to collect data on demographics, knowledge, attitude, and practices among them. Results: The mean age was similar among both population groups (31.5 years). There was a higher level of biosecurity practices adopted in poultry farms compared with those adopted in live bird market. Knowledge regarding AI was acceptable but poorly correlated with actual biosecurity practices. Discussion: Live bird market and poultry farm workers have been identified as the weakest link in the prevention and control of the spread of AI in the two most populous cities studied in Karnataka. Conclusion: Risk reduction models of behavior change targeting these groups are important toward the control and prevention of AI spread. PMID:24082643

Kumar, Sudhir C.; Ramesh, Naveen; Sreevatsan, Srinand; Joseph, Bobby; Alle, Prashanth; Belani, Kumar G.; Osterholm, Michael T.

2013-01-01

192

The Impact of Parental Knowledge and Tanning Attitudes on Sun Protection Practice for Young Children in Germany  

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Full Text Available Public health campaigns have improved knowledge on UVR-associated skin cancer risk and increased sun protection awareness. However, tanned skin is still a common beauty ideal. The relationship between knowledge, attitudes and protective behavior is not fully understood yet. A population-based survey was thus performed in the district of Erlangen involving 2,619 parents of 3- to 6-year old children. By means of a self-administered standardized questionnaire parental knowledge about risk factors for skin cancer, their attitudes towards tanning and details of protective measures taken for their children were assessed. The study analyzed specifically the impact of parental tanning attitudes on sun-protective measures for their children while controlling for parental knowledge about skin cancer risk factors. While parental knowledge was significantly (inversely associated with agreement to the statement “Tanned skin is healthy skin”, this was not the case for “Tanning makes me look better”. Overall, tanning affirmative attitudes were inversely associated with protective measures taken for the children, whereas parental knowledge had a positive impact on sun protection at the beach only. Multivariable analyses provided evidence for an effect of parental attitude on protective behavior independent of parental knowledge. Tanning attitudes and tanned skin as the misguided ideal of beauty need to be addressed in future public health campaigns to enhance the effectiveness of preventive activities in changing sun protective behavior.

Olaf Gefeller

2014-05-01

193

Knowledge, attitudes and practices among people with chronic hepatitis B attending a hepatology clinic in Malaysia: A cross sectional study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Hepatitis B (HBV is the leading cause of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma worldwide. This study assessed the knowledge, attitudes and practices of people with chronic HBV and the associated factors. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted at an outpatient adult hepatology clinic at a tertiary hospital in Kuala Lumpur. A self-administered questionnaire was administered on a one-to-one basis to assess knowledge, attitudes, and lifestyle practices of people with chronic HBV. Results The response rate was 89% (n?=?483/543. Participants had a mean age of 46.3 (±14.7 years and the mean duration of HBV from time of diagnosis was 12.2 (±8.8 years. The mean knowledge score was 12.57/20 (standard deviation: ±4.4, range: 0–19. Participants aged 30–39?years, with higher educational attainment, employed in professional jobs, longer duration of diagnosis and those without cirrhosis had significantly higher knowledge scores. Age, education level and duration of diagnosis were significant predictors of the knowledge score on standard multiple regression analysis. More than half of the participants were worried of spreading HBV infection to family and friends and worried since the diagnosis. A third of the participants (33.5% were embarrassed to reveal their diagnosis to the public but most of them (93.6% would inform their family. Those who reported feeling worried since their diagnosis were more likely to be middle-aged, of Malay ethnicity, have shorter duration of diagnosis of less than 10?years and have received therapy. About half of the participants (50.6% did not share dining utensils and the majority (93.2% believed that HBV can be transmitted by sharing of eating and drinking utensils. Older patients were significantly less likely to share utensils. Those who felt worried since diagnosis had significant higher knowledge of HBV. Conclusion The findings highlight the stigma and misconceptions that still exist among the HBV patients. More patient and public education about HBV and its prevention are essential to increase awareness and to demystify the disease.

Mohamed Rosmawati

2012-08-01

194

Source to point of use drinking water changes and knowledge, attitude and practices in Katsina State, Northern Nigeria  

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In many Sub-Saharan countries such as Nigeria, inadequate access to safe drinking water is a serious problem with 37% in the region and 58% of rural Nigeria using unimproved sources. The global challenge to measuring household water quality as a determinant of safety is further compounded in Nigeria by the possibility of deterioration from source to point of use. This is associated with the use of decentralised water supply systems in rural areas which are not fully reticulated to the household taps, creating a need for an integrated water quality monitoring system. As an initial step towards establishing the system in the north west and north central zones of Nigeria, The Katsina State Rural Water and Sanitation Agency, responsible for ensuring access to safe water and adequate sanitation to about 6 million people carried out a three pronged study with the support of UNICEF Nigeria. Part 1 was an assessment of the legislative and policy framework, institutional arrangements and capacity for drinking water quality monitoring through desk top reviews and Key Informant Interviews (KII) to ascertain the institutional capacity requirements for developing the water quality monitoring system. Part II was a water quality study in 700 households of 23 communities in four local government areas. The objectives were to assess the safety of drinking water, compare the safety at source and household level and assess the possible contributory role of end users’ Knowledge Attitudes and Practices. These were achieved through water analysis, household water quality tracking, KII and questionnaires. Part III was the production of a visual documentary as an advocacy tool to increase awareness of the policy makers of the linkages between source management, treatment and end user water quality. The results indicate that except for pH, conductivity and manganese, the improved water sources were safe at source. However there was a deterioration in water quality between source and point of use in 18%, 12.5%, 27% and 50% of hand pump fitted boreholes, motorised boreholes, hand dug wells and streams respectively. Although no statistical correlation could be drawn between water management practices and water quality deterioration, the survey of the study households gave an indication of the possible contributory role of their knowledge, attitudes and practices to water contamination after provision. Some of the potential water related sources of contamination were poor source protection and location, use of unimproved water source and poor knowledge and practice of household water treatment methods, poor hand washing practices in terms of percentage that wash hands and use soap. Consequently 34 WASH departments have been created at the local government level towards establishment of a community based monitoring system and piloting has begun in Kaita local government area.

Onabolu, B.; Jimoh, O. D.; Igboro, S. B.; Sridhar, M. K. C.; Onyilo, G.; Gege, A.; Ilya, R.

195

Knowledge, attitude and practice of contraception among women attending a tertiary care hospital in India  

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Full Text Available It’s a cross sectional observational study conducted in outpatient clinic of OBG, SDMCMS&H, Dharwad between July-December 2012. 200 married women between 20-45 yrs were interviewed with predesigned questionnaire. Effort was made to identify reasons for wide gap between knowledge and practice of contraception. All women knew atleast one method of contraception but 48% were using some sort of contraception. Most known method was female sterilization, least known were injectables and male sterilization. Common method chosen was female sterilization (70.8%. None adopted male sterilization. Reasons for not using contraception were desire to have child (25%, desire for boys (13.4%, worried about side effect (16.3%, opposition from family members (11.5%, felt pregnancy was naturally spaced (11.5%, no specific reasons (10.5%, couldn’t avail contraceptive facilities (5.7%, inconvenient to use (5.7%. Educational and motivational activities from doctors and health workers is needed to promote the use of contraception. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2013; 2(2.000: 172-176

Sunita TH

2013-04-01

196

Assessing Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Primary Health Care Physicians Towards Screening Patients for Hypertension in Cairo  

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Full Text Available Introduction : Hypertension (HTN is a common serious health problem associated with high morbidity and mortality rates .At the same time ,HTN is widely prevalent all over the world including Egypt. For many people, the primary care physician is their first point of contact with the health care system, as well as their main source of preventive and essential care. Objective: Assessing knowledge, attitude and practices of primary health care physicians towards screening patients for hypertension in Cairo. Methodology:A cross-sectional study , conducted in the primary health care centres (PHCC in Nasr city, which was chosen randomly to represent Cairo city , where all doctors working in these centres were asked to complete a self administered structured and open ended questionnaire contained the relevant variables : Results: About 90% of the studied physicians were convinced with the importance of routine measuring blood pressure for risky patients and 79% stated that role of the PHC physician should be the early detection of HTN. As regards knowledge towards HTN items, only 23.5% knew the prevalence and 18.5% knew the most recent definition and grading. The practices of the doctors towards screening patients for HTN ,showed that only 63.9% of the doctors usually perform accurate and enough procedures to diagnose HTN patients and 46.2% routinely screen patients around forty years old while only 43.7% were regularly checking up the accuracy of the used sphygmomanometers . Conclusion: The participating physicians had poor knowledge towards some important items especially the prevalence and new classification of HTN. Their practices were not optimal as regards the accurate diagnosis of HTN and routine checkup and measuring blood pressure for people attending the PHC clinics. Recommendations to manage these defects were suggested.

Ayman S. Abdelhady

2007-03-01

197

A multi-site study on knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practice of child-dog interactions in rural China.  

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This study examines demographic, cognitive and behavioral factors that predict pediatric dog-bite injury risk in rural China. A total of 1,537 children (grades 4-6) in rural regions of Anhui, Hebei and Zhejiang Provinces, China completed self-report questionnaires assessing beliefs about and behaviors with dogs. The results showed that almost 30% of children reported a history of dog bites. Children answered 56% of dog-safety knowledge items correctly. Regressions revealed both demographic and cognitive/behavioral factors predicted children's risky interactions with dogs and dog-bite history. Boys behaved more riskily with dogs and were more frequently bitten. Older children reported greater risks with dogs and more bites. With demographics controlled, attitudes/beliefs of invulnerability, exposure frequency, and dog ownership predicted children's self-reported risky practice with dogs. Attitudes/beliefs of invulnerability, dog exposure, and dog ownership predicted dog bites. In conclusion, both demographic and cognitive/behavioral factors influenced rural Chinese children's dog-bite injury risk. Theory-based, empirically-supported intervention programs might reduce dog-bite injuries in rural China. PMID:23470881

Shen, Jiabin; Li, Shaohua; Xiang, Huiyun; Pang, Shulan; Xu, Guozhang; Schwebel, David C

2013-03-01

198

A Multi-Site Study on Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs and Practice of Child-Dog Interactions in Rural China  

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Full Text Available This study examines demographic, cognitive and behavioral factors that predict pediatric dog-bite injury risk in rural China. A total of 1,537 children (grades 4–6 in rural regions of Anhui, Hebei and Zhejiang Provinces, China completed self-report questionnaires assessing beliefs about and behaviors with dogs. The results showed that almost 30% of children reported a history of dog bites. Children answered 56% of dog-safety knowledge items correctly. Regressions revealed both demographic and cognitive/behavioral factors predicted children’s risky interactions with dogs and dog-bite history. Boys behaved more riskily with dogs and were more frequently bitten. Older children reported greater risks with dogs and more bites. With demographics controlled, attitudes/beliefs of invulnerability, exposure frequency, and dog ownership predicted children’s self-reported risky practice with dogs. Attitudes/beliefs of invulnerability, dog exposure, and dog ownership predicted dog bites. In conclusion, both demographic and cognitive/behavioral factors influenced rural Chinese children’s dog-bite injury risk. Theory-based, empirically-supported intervention programs might reduce dog-bite injuries in rural China.

David C. Schwebel

2013-03-01

199

Improving of Type 2 Diabetic Patients’ Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Diabetes Self-care by Implementing Community-Based Interactive Approach-Diabetes Mellitus Strategy  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Community Based Interactive Approach-diabetes mellitus (CBIA-DM is an active self-learning method. This study is aimed at improving type 2 diabetic patients' knowledge, attitude and practice on diabetes self-care by implementing the CBIA-DM strategy. Time series, pre and post quasi-experimental design, Intervention group underwent CBIA-DM, DM-club and Normal-care group acted as control. Data were collected in pre-intervention, immediately, one, three and six months post intervention. Ranging scores for pre and post test questionnaires were: knowledge (0–18 and attitude (9–45; categorizing as rational scales of the scores in good, fair and poor. Practicing in diabetes self-care was assessed using 12 questionnaires, and categorized as adhere and not adhere to DM self-care. Effectiveness of CBIA-DM was evaluated based on the increasing number of participants in good knowledge and attitude levels, and adherence in practicing diabetes self-care. Results CBIA-DM group shows increasing number of participants in good level of knowledge from 40?% (n?=?30 up to 80?% at M?+?3 with scores significantly improved from 13.1?±?2.4 up to 15.4?±?2.0 (Wilcoxon test, p? Conclusions CBIA-DM strategy is effective to improve diabetic patients’ knowledge, attitude and practice on diabetes self-care. Repeating and improving the strategy program is needed to sustain the impact.

Hartayu Titien

2012-06-01

200

Examining the knowledge, attitudes and practices of domestic and international university students towards seasonal and pandemic influenza  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Prior to the availability of the specific pandemic vaccine, strategies to mitigate the impact of the disease typically involved antiviral treatment and “non-pharmaceutical” community interventions. However, compliance with these strategies is linked to risk perceptions, perceived severity and perceived effectiveness of the strategies. In 2010, we undertook a study to examine the knowledge, attitudes, risk perceptions, practices and barriers towards influenza and infection control strategies amongst domestic and international university students. Methods A study using qualitative methods that incorporated 20 semi-structured interviews was undertaken with domestic and international undergraduate and postgraduate university students based at one university in Sydney, Australia. Participants were invited to discuss their perceptions of influenza (seasonal vs. pandemic in terms of perceived severity and impact, and attitudes towards infection control measures including hand-washing and the use of social distancing, isolation or cough etiquette. Results While participants were generally knowledgeable about influenza transmission, they were unable to accurately define what ‘pandemic influenza’ meant. While avian flu or SARS were mistaken as examples of past pandemics, almost all participants were able to associate the recent “swine flu” situation as an example of a pandemic event. Not surprisingly, it was uncommon for participants to identify university students as being at risk of catching pandemic influenza. Amongst those interviewed, it was felt that ‘students’ were capable of fighting off any illness. The participant’s nominated hand washing as the most feasible and acceptable compared with social distancing and mask use. Conclusions Given the high levels of interaction that occurs in a university setting, it is really important that students are informed about disease transmission and about risk of infection. It may be necessary to emphasize that pandemic influenza could pose a real threat to them, that it is important to protect oneself from infection and that infection control measures can be effective.

Seale Holly

2012-04-01

 
 
 
 
201

Knowledge, attitude and practice of oral health promoting factors among caretakers of children attending day-care centers in Kubang Kerian, Malaysia: A preliminary study  

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Full Text Available Background and Aim: The role of caretakers at day-care centers has become more imperative in promoting oral health care in children since many new mothers opt to work outside their homes, leaving their children at day-care centers. The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of oral health promoting factors among secondary caretakers of children attending day-care centers. Settings and Design: This was a cross-sectional exploratory study conducted among secondary caretakers in Kubang Kerian, Malaysia. Materials and Methods: Thirty-four caretakers fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria participated in the study. The data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire addressing various aspects of knowledge, attitude and practice of oral health in children. Analysis was done using SPSS version 12.0. Results: The knowledge of factors causing dental caries was found to be good among majority of the caretakers, but the concepts of transmissibility of caries and effect of hidden sugars were not evident. Seventy one percent did not know that frequent bottle feeding could cause tooth decay. Attitudes seemed to be governed by the cultural practices of the region rather than the knowledge obtained. The knowledge was not translated to practice adequately. Giving sweetened liquid in bottles was practiced by 53% of the caretakers. Conclusion: Implementation of nursery-based oral health promotion programs for secondary caretakers is needed to counteract early childhood caries.

Mani S

2010-06-01

202

Knowledge, attitudes and practices on HIV / AIDS in the south region of Cameroon: case of the town of Kribi.  

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The aim of our study was to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) regarding HIV/AIDS in the city of Kribi, southern region of Cameroon. In November 2012, a questionnaire composed of 20 items was administered by trained staff from the Biomedical Sciences Department of the University of Dschang to 200 students selected from four population groups: high school students, local traders, tourism personnel (staff of bars, restaurants, hotels, nightclubs), and motorcycle taxi drivers. A cluster sampling method was used to select the first three groups while motorcycle taxi drivers were selected by the method of all comers. KAP regarding HIV/AIDS was found to be fragmentary in the studied population. Only 6.5% systematically uses condoms, 59% believe that AIDS can be cured by traditional medicine and religious faith and 40.9% developed stigmatizing behaviour toward HIV infected people. Among participants there is a wide discrepancy between knowledge and social behaviours toward HIV/AIDS. Strategic and continuous awareness campaigns that are culturally and socially tailored are urgently needed. PMID:25353268

Sanou, Sobze Martin; Fokam, Joseph Martin; Mabvouna, Biguioh Rodriguez; Guetiya, Wadoum Raoul; Sali, Ben Bechir Adogaye; Teikeu, Tessa Vivaldi Vladimir; Nafack, Sonkeng Sonia; Panà, Augusto; Colizzi, Vittorio; Russo, Gianluca

2014-01-01

203

Diagnostic Work-Up of Neurological Syndromes in a Rural African Setting: Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Health Care Providers  

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Background Neurological disorders of infectious origin are common in rural sub-Saharan Africa and usually have serious consequences. Unfortunately, these syndromes are often poorly documented for lack of diagnostic tools. Clinical management of these diseases is a major challenge in under-equipped rural health centers and hospitals. We documented health care provider knowledge, attitudes and practices related to this syndrome in two rural health zones in Bandundu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Methods We used a qualitative research approach combining observation, in-depth interviews and focus group discussions. We observed 20 patient-provider contacts related to a neurological syndrome, conducted 12 individual interviews and 4 focus group discussions with care providers. All interviews were audiotaped and the transcripts were analyzed with the software ATLAS.ti. Results Care providers in this region usually limit their diagnostic work-up to clinical examination primarily because of the financial hurdles in this entirely out-of-pocket payment system. The patients prefer to purchase drugs rather than diagnostic tests. Moreover the general lack of diagnostic tools and the representation of the clinician as a “diviner” do not enhance any use of laboratory or other diagnostic methods. Conclusion Innovation in diagnostic technology for neurological disorders is badly needed in Central-Africa, but its uptake in clinical practice will only be a success if tools are simple, affordable and embedded in a patient-centered approach. PMID:25340726

Mpanya, Alain; Boelaert, Marleen; Baloji, Sylvain; Matangila, Junior; Lubanza, Symphorien; Bottieau, Emmanuel; Chappuis, Francois; Lutumba, Pascal; Hendrickx, David

2014-01-01

204

Canadian family physicians' and paediatricians' knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding A(H1N1 pandemic vaccine  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background One of the main determinants of public immunization success is health professionals' support and recommendations. Little is known about the physicians' level of support and intentions regarding A(H1N1 pandemic influenza vaccination. The aim of this survey was to document Canadian family physicians' and paediatricians' knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP as well as their intentions regarding A(H1N1 pandemic influenza vaccines right before the beginning of the largest immunization campaign in Canadian history. Findings A self-administered, anonymous, mail-based questionnaire was sent to a random sample of family physicians and to all paediatricians practicing in Canada. All 921 questionnaires received by October 29 2009 were included in the analysis. Between 72% and 92% of respondents agreed with the statements regarding vaccine safety, effectiveness and acceptability. More than 75% of respondents intended to recommend the A(H1N1 pandemic influenza vaccine to their patients and to get vaccinated themselves. The most significant factors associated with the intention to recommend A(H1N1 pandemic vaccines were physicians' intention to be vaccinated against influenza themselves and the perceived acceptability of the vaccine by the vaccinators. Conclusions Most Canadian family physicians and paediatricians surveyed were supportive of the A(H1N1 pandemic influenza vaccination before its implementation and large media coverage.

Bettinger Julie A

2010-04-01

205

Japanese Resident Physicians' Attitudes, knowledge, and Perceived Barriers on the Practice of Evidence Based Medicine: a Survey  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Evidence based medicine plays a crucial role as a tool that helps integrate research evidence into clinical practice. However, few reports have yet to examine its application in daily practice among resident physicians in Japan. The aim of this study was to assess the attitudes towards and knowledge of EBM among resident physicians in Japanese and determine perceived barriers to its use. Findings A cross-sectional, self-administered anonymous questionnaire was distributed to 60 resident staffs at Saga University Hospital in Japan. Forty residents completed and returned the questionnaire. Fifty four percent of respondents understood the basic terminology of EBM, 3% could explain this to others, and 41% indicated they would like to understand the terminology more. Thirteen percent admitted having a good understanding of EBM basic skills. Fifty respondents indicated having read EBM sources, but only 3% indicated that they use these sources in clinical decision making. The most prominent barriers of EBM application revealed in this study were insufficient time to access the sources, a lack of native language references, and insufficient basic EBM skills, but not scepticism about the EBM concept. Conclusions In general, respondents positively welcomed EBM, and moderately understood and knew basic EBM skill; however, barriers in its application were shown to exist.

Emura Sei SE

2011-09-01

206

Conhecimento, atitudes e praticas sobre tuberculose em prisoes e no servico publico de saude / Knowledge, attitudes and practices on tuberculosis in prisons and public health services  

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Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Analisar o conhecimento, atitudes e práticas sobre a TB em uma unidade prisional e na rede pública de saúde (RPS). METODOLOGIA: Foi realizado estudo transversal com aplicação do questionário KAP (knowledge, atittudes and practices) na coleta de dados. Part [...] iciparam 141 detentos, 115 funcionários do presídio e 158 da RPS. O programa Epi-Info versão 6.04 foi utilizado para comparação de proporções com significância estatística para p Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To analyze the knowledge, attitudes and practices about TB in a prison and in public health services (PHS). METHODS: A cross sectional study was carried out and KAP (knowledge, attitudes and practices) questionnaire was applied to 141 prisoners, 115 priso [...] n's employees and 158 PHS workers. Epi-Info version 6.04 was used for comparison of proportions with statistic significance at p

Sergio, Ferreira Junior; Helenice Bosco de, Oliveira; Leticia, Marin-Leon.

2013-03-01

207

Conhecimento, atitudes e práticas sobre tuberculose em prisões e no serviço público de saúde / Knowledge, attitudes and practices on tuberculosis in prisons and public health services  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Analisar o conhecimento, atitudes e práticas sobre a TB em uma unidade prisional e na rede pública de saúde (RPS). METODOLOGIA: Foi realizado estudo transversal com aplicação do questionário KAP (knowledge, atittudes and practices) na coleta de dados. Part [...] iciparam 141 detentos, 115 funcionários do presídio e 158 da RPS. O programa Epi-Info versão 6.04 foi utilizado para comparação de proporções com significância estatística para p Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To analyze the knowledge, attitudes and practices about TB in a prison and in public health services (PHS). METHODS: A cross sectional study was carried out and KAP (knowledge, attitudes and practices) questionnaire was applied to 141 prisoners, 115 priso [...] n's employees and 158 PHS workers. Epi-Info version 6.04 was used for comparison of proportions with statistic significance at p

Sérgio, Ferreira Júnior; Helenice Bosco de, Oliveira; Letícia, Marin-Léon.

2013-03-01

208

Emergency contraception amongst female college students - knowledge, attitude and practice / La contraception d'urgence chez les étudiantes inscrites dans l'enseignement supérieur -connaissances, attitudes et pratiques  

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Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUD: Unwanted teenage pregnancies have a notable detrimental impact on the learners' trajectory and have been associated with jeopardising the students' educational progress and future career prospects. These pregnancies are mostly unplanned and unintended and many are terminated, either legal [...] ly or illegally. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the contributory role played by the knowledge, attitude and practices of female college students with respect to the utilisation of emergency contraceptives. SETTING: Three tertiary institutions in Dessie, Ethiopia. METHODS: Quantitative self-administered questionnaires were used to collect descriptive data from 352 female college students. RESULTS: The study revealed that there was a high percentage (78.3%) of unwanted pregnancies amongst those engaging in sex. Significantly, nearly half (43.3%) of these unwanted pregnancies resulted in abortion. Only 10% of the students sampled admitted to ever having used emergency contraception. Even though more than half (69.9%) of the students knew about emergency contraception, only 27% of them felt confident that they understood when it was most effective. CONCLUSION: These and other observed findings confirm the need for improvement of female college students' knowledge and timely utilisation of emergency contraception.

Wendwosen T., Nibabe; Tennyson, Mgutshini.

2014-01-01

209

Emergency contraception amongst female college students - knowledge, attitude and practice / La contraception d'urgence chez les étudiantes inscrites dans l'enseignement supérieur -connaissances, attitudes et pratiques  

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Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUD: Unwanted teenage pregnancies have a notable detrimental impact on the learners' trajectory and have been associated with jeopardising the students' educational progress and future career prospects. These pregnancies are mostly unplanned and unintended and many are terminated, either legal [...] ly or illegally. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the contributory role played by the knowledge, attitude and practices of female college students with respect to the utilisation of emergency contraceptives. SETTING: Three tertiary institutions in Dessie, Ethiopia. METHODS: Quantitative self-administered questionnaires were used to collect descriptive data from 352 female college students. RESULTS: The study revealed that there was a high percentage (78.3%) of unwanted pregnancies amongst those engaging in sex. Significantly, nearly half (43.3%) of these unwanted pregnancies resulted in abortion. Only 10% of the students sampled admitted to ever having used emergency contraception. Even though more than half (69.9%) of the students knew about emergency contraception, only 27% of them felt confident that they understood when it was most effective. CONCLUSION: These and other observed findings confirm the need for improvement of female college students' knowledge and timely utilisation of emergency contraception.

Wendwosen T., Nibabe; Tennyson, Mgutshini.

210

Knowledge Attitude and Practice Regarding Micronutrient in Secondary School Student of Tribal Area in Gujarat  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Iodine, vitamin A and iron are most important micronutrients in global public health terms; their lack represents a major threat to the health and development of populations the world over, particularly children in low-income countries. To combat the deficiency of micronutrients, awareness of their importance and their source plays vital role. Objective: to assess knowledge regarding important micronutrients in tribal students. Methodology: It is a cross sectional study conducted in 348 secondary school students of tribal area. Observations: Questionnaire regarding knowledge revealed that 83 (23.9% student had never heard of vitamin A, while 103 (29.6% and 72 (20.7% student had never heard of Iron and Iodine respectively. Gender wise analysis revealed that overall knowledge of micronutrients is comparatively higher among the girls. Recommendations: School children should be specially targeted in IEC campaign to decrease burden of micronutrient deficiency. Micronutrients should be included in school syllabus.

Modi Bhavesh, Patel Prakash, Sutariya Shailesh, Dave Paresh

2010-12-01

211

The Special Health Education Course Effects on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Preparation, Distribution and Sale Centers Food Staff in Kermanshah  

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Full Text Available "n "n "nBackgrounds and Objectives:The food handling employee education program improves food safety. Determining knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP level of workers who prepare, distribute and sale the food products make easy to control food safety. This study aimed to evaluate effects of intensive food safety education course on KAP of food handlers. in Kermanshah."nMaterials andMethods: Knowledge, attitude and practice of 370workers of variety of food handling fields were studied before and after educational intervention course.Avalidated questionnaire about knowledge, attitude based on instruction from Ministry of Health and Medical Sciences for food handling was used for data collection. Paired t-test and ?2 were applied for statistical analysis."nResults: The results showed positive effects of education program on KAP of food handlers. There was significant increase in knowledge marks before and after intervention, 20.5+ 4.03 vs. 23.73 + 3.75 (p<0.001.Attitude and practice of participants were increased significantly before 107.2+14.6; 43.93+7.6 compared to after 112.23+14.5; 46.11+8 intervention respectively (p<0.001. The most increased mark of KAP was belonged to 21-30 years age group."nConclusion: Our findings confirm that educational intervention improved KAP of food handlers. To increase food safety, running periodical educational courses for the same filed workers with final exam and providing certificate highly recommended.

M Rezaee

2010-10-01

212

Knowledge Attitude and Practice Regarding Micronutrient in Secondary School Student of Tribal Area in Gujarat  

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Introduction: Iodine, vitamin A and iron are most important micronutrients in global public health terms; their lack represents a major threat to the health and development of populations the world over, particularly children in low-income countries. To combat the deficiency of micronutrients, awareness of their importance and their source plays vital role. Objective: to assess knowledge regarding important micronutrients in tribal students. Methodology: It is a cross sectional study conducte...

Modi Bhavesh, Patel Prakash

2010-01-01

213

Neonatal jaundice and its management: knowledge, attitude and practice of community health workers in Nigeria  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Neonatal jaundice (NNJ is still a leading cause of preventable brain damage, physical and mental handicap, and early death among infants in many communities. Greater awareness is needed among all health workers. The objective of the study was to assess the knowledge of primary health care workers about the description, causes, effective treatment, and sequelae of NNJ. Methods The setting was a local government area i.e. an administrative district within the south-western part of Nigeria. Community health workers in this area were interviewed by means of a self-administered questionnaire which focused on awareness and knowledge of neonatal jaundice and its causes, treatment and complications. Results Sixty-six community health workers participated in the survey and male-to-female ratio was 1:5. Their work experience averaged 13.5 (SD 12.7 years. Only 51.5% of the respondents gave a correct definition of NNJ. 75.8 % knew how to examine for this condition while 84.9 % knew at least two of its major causes in our environment. Also, only 54.5 % had adequate knowledge of effective treatment namely, phototherapy and exchange blood transfusion. Rather than referring affected babies to hospitals for proper management, 13.4 %, 10.4 % and 3 % of the participants would treat with ineffective drugs, natural phototherapy and herbal remedies respectively. None of the participants knew any effective means of prevention. Conclusion Primary health care workers may have inadequate knowledge and misconceptions on NNJ which must be addressed concertedly before the impact of the condition on child health and well-being can be significantly reduced. We recommend regular training workshops and seminars for this purpose.

Daniel Olusoji J

2006-01-01

214

An exploration of knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of young multiethnic Muslim-majority society in Malaysia in relation to reproductive and premarital sexual practices  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The increasing trend of premarital sexual experience and unintended pregnancies in Malaysia warrants sustained and serious attention. The sensitivities of sex-related issues in a Muslim-majority country create various types of barriers to sexual and reproductive health information, support and practices. This study aims to gain understanding of knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of young women in Malaysia concerning reproductive, contraception and premarital sexual practices. Methods A cross-sectional study was performed, using an anonymous self-administered questionnaire carried out among 1695 female university students in a public university in Malaysia. Results Respondents had low scores for knowledge of reproduction and pregnancy (median=4, of maximum score 10, contraceptive uses (median=6, of maximum score 16 and contraceptive availability (median=3, of maximum score 13. The majority of women surveyed do not have liberal values in relation to premarital sexual behaviour (median=37, of maximum 40; higher scores on this scale corresponded to opposing premarital sex. The multivariate analyses showed that ethnic group was the strongest correlate of knowledge and attitude scores; being of Malay Muslim ethnicity was associated significantly with lower knowledge scores and premarital sex permissiveness. Other significant correlates were year of study, maternal occupational groups, level of religious faith, dating status and urban–rural localities. Level of premarital sex permissiveness was inversely correlated with reproduction and pregnancy knowledge score, and contraceptive knowledge scores. Conclusion Reproductive health knowledge and attitudes were intricately linked to religious values and cultural norms differences surrounding sexual issues.

Wong Li

2012-10-01

215

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Malaria Transmission and Its Prevention among the School Going Adolescents in Wardha District, Central India  

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Full Text Available Background: Malaria causes 216 million cases and an estimated 655000 deaths in 2010 in the world. 80.5% of the 109 billion population of India lives in malaria risk areas. The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge, attitude and practices of malaria transmission and its prevention among the school going adolescents. Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted among school going adolescents in the rural area of District Wardha, Maharashtra, Central India. 1096 adolescents from eight government secondary schools were randomly selected. A pre-designed, pre-tested questionnaire was used for data collection. Data thus generated was entered in Microsoft Excel and analyzed using Epi Info 6.04 software package. Chi square value was used for testing the statistical significance. Results: The mean age of the school going adolescents was 13.45 ± 1.91, for boys 13.43 ± 1.99 and 13.48 ± 1.85 year old for girls. About 84.7% of the respondents heard about the malaria disease and. 8.6% were aware about the causative agent. Transmission of malaria by mosquito bite was known to 69.8% of the adolescents. This was found significantly associated with male gender (X2 = 4.21, p = 0.03. Some of the adolescents had misconception regarding the mode of transmission of malaria like houseflies (32.8%. Nearly half (51.1% of the adolescents had knowledge of symptoms of malaria as fever. None of the adolescents were aware about the new strategy of insecticide treated bed nets. Majority of the adolescents (57.7% knew commonest breeding habits of mosquitoes as dirty stagnant water. The main source of information about malaria to most of the adolescents was television and radio (51.7%. About 47.4% of the adolescents practiced the prevention of breeding places of the mosquitoes by cleaning the surrounding. Nearly one fifth (20.7% of the adolescents were using mosquito net. During the study, 66 (6.02% adolescents were suffering from fever out of that 12.1% adolescents had taken self medication. Conclusion: Despite widespread knowledge about the morbidity of malaria, understanding about its transmission, treatment and prevention was low. It is imperative to involve the health workers to provide active support and empower teachers with information about malaria causation and prevention strategies so that such knowledge could be passed on to learners.

Darampal Dambhare

2012-05-01

216

A Study of Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice of Emergency Contraceptive Pills among Female College Students in Udaipur, Rajasthan  

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Full Text Available Background: Emergency contraception is administered after unprotected intercourse to prevent unintended pregnancy. Sexually active young and adolescent women are at greatest risk of unintended pregnancy and thus unsafe abortion related morbidity and mortality. Objective: Purpose of this study was to evaluate knowledge, attitude and experiences on emergency contraceptive pill (ECP by female college students of Udaipur. Study design: Cross-sectional, pre-structured questionnaire based study. Material and methods: Study was conducted among 600 college going female students (arts, science and commerce faculty of two randomly selected girls colleges of Sukhadia University Udaipur. Data were analyzed statistically by simple proportions and test of significance (Chi square test and Mann Whitney U test using SPSS ver.16. Results: Students included in study were of 16-29 years age group (mean age 18.6±3.2 years, 225 (37.5% had adequate knowledge about emergency contraceptive pills, statistically significant difference in knowledge is seen among students who got knowledge from literary sources and health personnel (p<0.05. Majority of the science stream students (50% were having adequate knowledge followed by commerce and arts stream students respectively but statistically significant difference in knowledge is seen among all faculty students(p<0.05. Majority of students (78% know about the correct timing of EC pills administration. Among all the students only 201 (33.5% students shown positive attitude regarding EC pills. No significant association seen between adequate knowledge and positive attitude (p>0.05.Only 3% students had already used EC pills. Conclusion: Awareness of EC pills is low and there is a gap between knowledge and attitude. Appropriate awareness programme needed.

Arun Kumar, Keerti, Chandra P Sharma, Chetan K Jain

2012-01-01

217

Assessment of knowledge, attitudes and practices about tight glycemic control in the critically ill among endocrinologists and intensivists practicing in Chennai  

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Full Text Available Background: Tight glycemic control in the critically ill is known to reduce both the morbidity and the mortality. It is essential that intensivists and endocrinologists involved in the care of these patients have a good understanding of the concepts related to this condition. Objectives: To assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices about achieving tight glycemic control in the critically ill among the endocrinologists and intensivists practicing in the city of Chennai. Materials and Methods: Questionnaires containing ten questions pertaining to clinical outcomes, drawbacks, target levels of glycemic control and insulin regimen in achieving tight glycemia in the critically ill were sent to a total of six endocrinologists and 52 intensivists practicing in Chennai. Results: All those who were administered the questionnaires responded. Majority of the responders (88% believed in tight glycemic control in the critically ill because of better outcomes from hospitalization. A minority did not for fear of hypoglycemia. Fifty percent agreed on the cut off value of 110 mg/dL as followed in the Van den Berghe study. Seventy percent used glucometer for monitoring sugar levels. Most preferred using regular insulin as infusion. Conclusions: There seems to be a good understanding and standard practices among the endocrinologists and intensivists in achieving strict glycemic control in the critically ill. Setting up of standard intensive care unit glycemic control protocols will settle all the methodological differences and make the practices more uniform.

Gopichandran Vijayaprasad

2007-01-01

218

Knowledge, attitude and practice of private medical practitioners towards abortion and post abortion care in Enugu, South-eastern Nigeria.  

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The objective of this study was to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of private medical practitioners in Enugu, South-eastern Nigeria, on abortion and post-abortion care. It was a cross-sectional study of private medical practitioners in the study area using self-administered structured questionnaires. The results showed that 32.3% of the doctors terminate unwanted pregnancies when requested to do so. The majority of them (51.6%) use D&C in combination with manual vacuum aspiration for the termination of pregnancies in the first trimester. A total of 61 (63.5%) respondents offered various types of post-abortal care (PAC) services, while 42 (43.8%) of them screened women with abortion complications for sexually transmitted infections. For the doctors who do not terminate unwanted pregnancies, their main reasons were religious and moral considerations rather than obedience to the Nigerian abortion laws. We conclude that the majority of private medical practitioners in Enugu, South-eastern Nigeria, do not terminate unwanted pregnancies because of their religious beliefs. PMID:19603321

Onah, H E; Ogbuokiri, C M; Obi, S N; Oguanuo, T C

2009-07-01

219

Knowledge, attitudes and practices on the contribution of solar energy to sustainable tourism development: Empirical evidence from Zimbabwe  

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Full Text Available This study sought to examine the knowledge attitudes and practices of leaders in the tourism industry with regards to the possible contributions solar energy could provide to sustainable tourism development in Zimbabwe. This is in light of the fact that, this form of renewable energy could be harnessed for the benefit of tourism development throughout the country in view of the chronic shortages of electricity. An accidental sample of 25 leaders in the tourism industry running operations along a selected tourism route was surveyed to fulfill the objectives of the study. Their responses to a series of questions were reviewed comparatively to derive conclusions, which form the basis for recommended strategies and action plans. The research concluded that accurate information about the potential of solar energy needs to be disseminated to practitioners in the tourism industry for them to consider it as a viable alternative source of power. It is also recommended that government and other stakeholders in the energy sector step up efforts to make solar energy resources more readily accessible in the country.

Alick Mhizha

2012-09-01

220

Knowledge Attitude and Practices of Pregnant Women Attending University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital with Regard to Rubella  

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Full Text Available Objective: This study was carried out to clarify the potential health-risk and to determinant the prevalence of antenatal rubella infection in North-Central, Nigeria.Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was carried out among pregnant women to establish the knowledge, attitude and practices with regards to antenatal rubella infection in early pregnancy in Ilorin. A total of 92 subjects were recruited by simple random selection from the antenatal clinics of the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Nigeria.Results: Results showed that congenitally defective eyes or ears were regarded as a greater burden to bear than a congenitally defective heart. Pregnant mothers are more likely to abort a congenitally defective fetus before term. Multigravid pregnant women are more likely to have an abortion (X2 = 12.48, df = 4, p = 0.014, just as married pregnant women were more likely to abort a congenitally defective fetus before term (X2 = 23.64, df = 4, p = 0.0.Conclusion: It is a general assumption that Nigeria today is majorly rural, therefore, health educational activities for prompt antenatal reporting in sub-urban Ilorin, and Nigeria as a whole, may be a relevant intervention for pregnant women.

Oluwapelumi Olufemi Adeyemi

2012-12-01

 
 
 
 
221

Cutaneous leishmaniasis: knowledge, attitude and practices of the inhabitants of the Kani forest tribal settlements of Tiruvananthapuram district, Kerala, India.  

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Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is reported among Kani tribes in forest settlements of Tiruvananthapuram district, Kerala, India. Epidemiological investigations are ongoing and 27 histopathologically confirmed cases of CL have been reported from five settlements indicating transmission of disease within settlements. One of the priorities for control/prevention of CL is to create awareness among the community and ensure optimal utilization of interventions. First step in this direction would be to carry out a situation analysis on prevailing knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of inhabitants. A study among 103 respondents from 10 Kani tribal settlements showed that though 39.8% of respondents recognized pictures of CL shown to them, but did not have any lay perceptions. There was absolutely no awareness on vector, transmission, risk factors and control measures. The role of sandflies in CL causation was not known to the residents and this prevented them from using any personal protection and adhering to control measures which in turn pose risk of spread of infection within settlements and to newer areas. CL has emerged as a challenging infection in this area and an urgent need for designing appropriate preventive measures and health education strategies is addressed in this article. PMID:25325998

Nandha, B; Srinivasan, R; Jambulingam, P

2014-12-01

222

Knowledge attitude and practice about breast cancer among civil servants in Benin city, Nigeria  

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Full Text Available Background: Breast cancer is often associated with severe morbidity and mortality especially when the patients present late. A major reason why patients present late is the lack of awareness about breast cancer, its complications and the management. Methods: The study was carried out using a structured questionnaire. A total of 400 female civil servants were enlisted in the study, but only 385 respondents completed and returned the forms. Results: Two hundred and seventy seven (72.0% respondents had tertiary level of education. Sixty six (17.1% respondents were in the 30-34-year age group. Three hundred and twelve (81.0% respondents knew correctly that breast lump is usually the first symptom of presentation of breast cancer. One hundred and forty four (37.5% respondents knew that a positive family history of breast cancer is a risk factor, while two hundred and seventy four (71.2% respondents answered that cancer of one breast in a woman increases her chances of having cancer of the other breast. Three hundred and twenty one (83.4% respondents knew that breast cancer could spread from one breast to the other and two hundred and thirty (59.7% knew that breast cancer could spread to other parts of the body. One hundred and eighty three (47.5% respondents would visit the hospital as the first reaction if they were to detect a breast lump, while twenty three (6.0% respondents would ignore the lump. While three hundred and twenty seven (85.0% respondents have heard of breast self- examination, only one hundred (26.0% could correctly describe the procedure of breast self -examination. While one hundred and thirty five (35.0% respondents have heard of mammography, only twenty seven (7% respondents go for yearly mammography screening. Three hundred and seventy two (96.6% respondents know that mastectomy is done as part of the management of breast cancer, but only forty nine (12.7% respondents have heard about conservative surgery. Conclusion: The level of awareness about breast cancer among civil servants in Benin City is low. There is the need to organize series of health education programs to enlighten the women about breast cancer. This can be done by government agencies or the non-governmental organizations. If properly executed, it may influence the attitude of women in Benin City about breast diseases and encourage early presentation to the hospital.

Osime O

2008-12-01

223

Knowledge attitude and practice (kap) of chronic kidneys disease among medical officers of teaching hospitals of lahore  

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This study was conducted to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) about kidney diseases among medical officers working in different hospitals of Lahore.Doctors working on the medical floors of different tertiary care teaching hospitals (Mayo Hospital (MH), Sir Ganga Ram Hospital (SGRH), Service Institute of Medical Sciences (SIMS), Fatima Memoral Hospitals (FMH), Lahore General Hospitals (LGH), Shalamar Hospital (SH), Jinnah hospital (JH)) of Lahore were included in the study. Each doctor was given a questionnaire comprising of 28 questions. Each participant was given 10-15 minutes for completing the questionnaire at the spot. Categorization of doctors according to the KAP score was done as poor (70%).Results: One hundred eighty five doctors participated in the study who fulfilled the criteria. In this study majority 134 (62.6%) of the doctors were not taught about nephrology during their graduation which was statistically significant. Most of the doctors either had some knowledge or didn't know about procedures done in nephrology. Majority of the doctors 208(97.2%) know that nephrology deals with medical diseases of the kidney which was statistically significant. Most of the doctors 138(64.5) feel that nephrology services are insufficient in their hospital. More than 90% doctors want that kidney diseases should be taught during MBBS curriculum and separate nephrology department should be established which was statistically significant. Most of the doctors don't know the management of hyperkalemia very well. About 90% of the doctors know that there are five stages of CKD. Majority of the doctors know that ACE inhibitors are used in hypertension and diabetic nephropathy. They also know that urine complete examination help in early detection of diabetic nephropathy which was statistically significant.Conclusion:Most of the doctors have poor to average knowledge and practice about kidney diseases. Most of the doctors think that nephrology services are insufficient in their hospitals and it must be taught during graduation. Separate nephrology department should be established for creating awareness about kidney diseases. (author)

224

Consumer Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards the Use of Monosodium Glutamate and Food Grade Bullion Cubes as Dietary Constituents  

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Full Text Available The knowledge attitude and practice in use of Monosodium Glutamate (MSG and food Grade Bullion Cubes (FGBCs by 240 respondents randomly selected from the rural and urban areas of Enugu and Nsukka in Enugu state were investigated. Information was obtained by means of questionnaires feeding regime and focus group discussions. The feeding regime involved a sample of 15 subjects randomly selected from university students who previously complained of some problem after consumption of MSG. The results showed that 98.3% of the respondents were currently using food flavour enhancers (MSGs and FGBCs in cooking stews, soups, pottages, pepper soups, moi moi, sauce and others. Consumption of FGBCs in terms of number of households was 95.8% and MSG 49.6%. Consumption was on a daily basis. The low and high category of users of FGBCs consumed 14 g and 24 g/person/week respectively while for MSG it was 0.9 g and 6.6 g/person/week, respectively. In addition, a total of 82.5% and 42.5% have knowledge of FGBCs and MSG respectively. The major medium of information was Radio (50%. Results also showed that 95% used FGBCs because it is affordable, while 54.6% used MSG because it is generally good. A total of 71.3% were aware of the health problems associated with MSG. Out of this number, 45% have experienced it. The 14-day feeding trials showed no health problems on the subjects investigated. Nutrition education, information on safety of MSG, fortification of MSG and consumption of fortified foods are recommended.

H.N. Henry-Unaeze

2010-01-01

225

Clean delivery practices in rural northern Ghana: a qualitative study of community and provider knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Knowledge, attitudes and practices of community members and healthcare providers in rural northern Ghana regarding clean delivery are not well understood. This study explores hand washing/use of gloves during delivery, delivering on a clean surface, sterile cord cutting, appropriate cord tying, proper cord care following delivery, and infant bathing and cleanliness. Methods In-depth interviews and focus group discussions were audiotaped, transcribed, and analyzed using NVivo 9.0. Results 253 respondents participated, including women with newborn infants, grandmothers, household and compound heads, community leaders, traditional birth attendants, and formally trained health care providers. There is widespread understanding of the need for clean delivery to reduce the risk of infection to both mothers and their babies during and shortly after delivery. Despite this understanding, the use of gloves during delivery and hand washing during and after delivery were mentioned infrequently. The need for a clean delivery surface was raised repeatedly, including explicit discussion of avoiding delivering in the dirt. Many activities to do with cord care involved non-sterile materials and practices: 1 Cord cutting was done with a variety of tools, and the most commonly used were razor blades or scissors; 2 Cord tying utilized a variety of materials, including string, rope, thread, twigs, and clamps; and 3 Cord care often involved applying traditional salves to the cord - including shea butter, ground shea nuts, local herbs, local oil, or “red earth sand.” Keeping babies and their surroundings clean was mentioned repeatedly as an important way to keep babies from falling ill. Conclusions This study suggests a widespread understanding in rural northern Ghana of the need for clean delivery. Nonetheless, many recommended clean delivery practices are ignored. Overarching themes emerging from this study included the increasing use of facility-based delivery, the disconnect between healthcare providers and the community, and the critical role grandmothers play in ensuring clean delivery practices. Future interventions to address clean delivery and prevention of neonatal infections include educating healthcare providers about harmful traditional practices so they are specifically addressed, strengthening facilities, and incorporating influential community members such as grandmothers to ensure success.

Moyer Cheryl A

2012-06-01

226

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Blood Donation among Health Science Students in a University campus, South India  

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Full Text Available Background: The major part of demand for blood in India has been meeting through voluntary blood donations. The healthy, active and receptive huge student population is potential blood donors to meet safe blood requirements. However, there is a paucity of studies on awareness and attitude among health science students on voluntary blood donation. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the knowledge and attitude about blood donation among health science students. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 410 health sciences students from different streams in a University campus of South India through a structured survey questionnaire in the year 2009. Results: The overall knowledge on blood donation was good, but majority (62% of students never donated blood. Knowledge level was found highest among allied health science (53.1% and lowest among pharmacy students (20.7%. ‘Feeling of medically unfit’ and ‘never thought of blood donation’ were the major reasons for not donating blood. A significant association was observed between different streams of students and levels of knowledge and attitude about blood donation. Conclusion: This study elicits the importance of adopting effective measures in our campuses to motivate about voluntary blood donation among students.

Sabu Karakkamandapam

2011-07-01

227

Knowledge attitudes and practices of grade three primary schoolchildren in relation to schistosomiasis, soil transmitted helminthiasis and malaria in Zimbabwe  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Helminth infection rates in grade three children are used as proxy indicators of community infection status and to guide treatment strategies in endemic areas. However knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP of this target age group (8-10 years in relation to schistosomiasis, soil transmitted helminthiasis (STHs and malaria is not known at a time when integrated plasmodium - helminth control strategies are being advocated. This study sought to assess KAP of grade 3 children in relation to schistosomiasis, STHs and malaria in order to establish an effective school based health education for disease transmission control. Methods Grade 3 children (n = 172 attending four randomly selected primary schools (one in rural and 3 in the commercial farming areas in Zimbabwe were interviewed using a pre-tested interviewer administered questionnaire. The urine filtration technique was used to determine S. haematobium infection status. Infection with S. mansoni and STHs was determined using a combination of results from the Kato Katz and formol ether concentration techniques. P. falciparum was diagnosed by examination of Giemsa stained thick blood smears. Results It was observed that 32.0%, 19.2% and 4.1% of the respondents had correct knowledge about the causes of schistosomiasis, malaria and STHs, respectively, whilst 22.1%, 19.2% and 5.8% knew correct measures to control schistosomiasis, malaria and STHs. Sixty-two percent and 44.8% did not use soap to wash hands after toilet and before eating food respectively, whilst 33.1% never wore shoes. There were no functional water points and soap for hand washing after toilet at all schools. There was a high prevalence distribution of all parasites investigated in this study at Msapa primary school - S. haematobium (77.8%, S. mansoni (33.3% hookworms (29.6% and P. falciparum (48.1%. Reports that participant had suffered from schistosomiasis and malaria before were significant predictors of these diseases (p = 0.001 and p = 0.042, respectively. Report that participant had blood in urine on the day of examination was a significant predictor of schistosomiasis (p = 0.045. Conclusion There is a critical need for targeting health messages through schools in order to reach the most susceptible schoolchildren. This will empower the schoolchildren with the basic knowledge and skills ultimately protecting them from acquiring schistosomiasis, STHs and malaria.

Brouwer Kimberly C

2011-06-01

228

Effects of an influenza prevention program using non-pharmaceutical prevention measures to improve the knowledge, attitudes and practices of elementary school students in Nakhon Phanom province, Thailand.  

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We evaluated an influenza prevention educational program using educational media, e-books and cartoons conducted among students in grades 4 through 6. The course was 8 hours long. The study was conducted at 4 schools; 230 students at each school were in the experimental group and 224 students at each school were in the control group (no educational intervention). The data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon matched-pair signed-rank test. The students in the experimental group had significantly greater knowledge (p<0.001), attitudes (p<0.001) and practices (p<0.001) scores after the intervention. However, the control group also had significantly greater knowledge (p<0.001) and attitudes (p<0.001) scores but not practices scores (p = 0.326). Further studies are needed to determine the factors that influenced these differences. PMID:24050096

Mangklakeeree, Nutcharat; Pinitsoontorn, Somdej; Srisaenpang, Sompong

2013-07-01

229

Knowledge, attitude and practices of adults of the reproductive years on reproductive health matters, with emphasis on HIV infected people in a Caribbean society  

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Background: South and Southeast Asia represent the largest number of new HIV infections, while Sub-Saharan Africa represents the highest rate of new infections, followed by Latin America and the Caribbean. Yet no study that has emerged in the Caribbean has comprehensively examined young people’s sexual and reproductive health attitudes, knowledge and practices, comparing the result with those who are HIV infected. Aim: The present study examines core issues of sexual and reproductive health...

Bourne, Paul A.; Neva South-Bourne; Francis, Cynthia G.

2010-01-01

230

Cervical cancer prevention in reproductive health services: knowledge, attitudes and practices of midwives in C?te d'Ivoire, West Africa  

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Background Cervical cancer is the most common cancer among women and the leading cause of cancer deaths in women in Côte d’Ivoire. Low resource countries can now prevent this cancer by using HPV vaccine and effective and affordable screening tests. However the implementation of these prevention strategies needs well-trained human resources. Part of the solution could come from midwives by integrating cervical cancer prevention into reproductive health services. The aim of this survey was to assess knowledge, attitudes and practices of midwives towards cervical cancer prevention in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, and to find out factors associated with appropriate knowledge. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among midwives in the urban district of Abidjan, using a self-administered questionnaire. Knowledge was assessed by two scores. Factors associated with appropriate knowledge were determined using a logistic regression analysis. Attitudes and practices were described and compare using the Chi2 test. Results A total of 592 midwives were enrolled, including 24.5% of final-year students. 55.7% of midwives had appropriate knowledge on cervical cancer, and 42.4% of them had appropriate knowledge on cervical cancer prevention strategies. Conferences, courses taken at school of midwifery and special training sessions on cervical cancer (OR?=?4.9, 95% CI [1.9 to 12.6], p HPV vaccine as a preventive method; among them 70.8% usually recommended it to young girls. Conclusion Despite sufficient knowledge about cervical cancer prevention, attitudes and practices of midwives should be improved by organizing capacity building activities. This would ensure the success of integration of cervical cancer prevention into reproductive health services in countries like Côte d’Ivoire. PMID:24721621

2014-01-01

231

Knowledge, Attitude And Practices Regarding Tuberculosis Among Treatment Partners Attending Urban Health Care Centre, KMC, Mangalore-A Cross-Sectional Study  

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Full Text Available Background and Objective : This study aims to describe the knowledge, attitudes and practices towards tuberculosis (TB among treatment partners seen at the out-patient department (OPD of the Lady Hill Urban Health Care Centre, KMC, Mangalore from April to May 2009. Methodology: A questionnaire-based survey was conducted to investigate the knowledge, attitudes and practices towards TB among treatment partners (age more than 12 years old; pediatric age group was excluded seen at the OPD. A pre-validated questionnaire, which consisted of 20 questions, was distributed to treatment partners of these patients. Results: Out of the 184 respondents, 154 (83.70% were aware of and had good knowledge about TB. Eighty-one percent of the respondents had acceptable attitudes and practices toward the disease. 96% were aware that TB is a highly infectious disease, while 79.3% believed that it is a curable disease. The main source of information about tuberculosis was the mass media (newspapers, television and radio in 42.5% of the respondents. In the survey, only 16.3% patients were aware about DOTS and only 42.4% knew about free treatment services. Conclusion: There is still a need to strengthen the educational activities on TB through mass media; they are excellent venues for information-dissemination, thus, leading to better case detection.

Jindal S

2013-09-01

232

A study of the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of the women referred to health centers for cardiovascular disease (CVDs) and their risk factors.  

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Hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes are established risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. In the past decade a general increase in CVD risk factors in the population aged 65 and older, along with suboptimal control rates, have occurred. In this descriptive, cross-sectional study, the authors describe the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of Iranian females regarding risk factors for CVD, in an attempt to help with the development of strategies to control risk factors and CVD. Participants were 200 women ages 15-49 referred to health centers in Yazd, selected from four different centers. Data were gathered through a questionnaire consisting of demographics and questions related to KAP. The validity of the questionnaire was determined by a health education specialist, with its reliability determined by piloting and measuring the related Cronbach's alpha (Alpha = 0.720). Measuring knowledge of CVD on a scale of 0-20, the mean knowledge score was 10.203.91. More than 76% of the participants knew that CVD is preventable. Ninety-one percent liked exercising and believed that exercising would make them feel better. The average mean scores for attitudes of participants toward CVD were 30.31 ± 3.21 out of 36. The authors conclude that there is a need for enhancing mothers' general knowledge about the disease, because of the increasing rates of CVD in females. This will lead to improvements in attitude and practice. Furthermore, learning in groups of 12 can be a beneficial educational method. PMID:23638684

Mazloomy, Seyed Said; Baghianimoghadam, Mohammad Hosein; Ehrampoush, Mohammad Hasan; Baghianimoghadam, Behnam; Mazidi, Maysam; Mozayan, Mohammad Reza

2014-01-01

233

Knowledge, attitude and practices about animal bites and rabies in general community--a multi-centric study.  

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Rabies a disease as old as our civilization, continues to be the most feared of all communicable diseases. Despite the availability the state-of-the-art tools which ensure near cent percent protection against rabies, India is the largest contributant to rabies mortality in the world. A multicentric study was carried out from April 2001 to September 2002 with the objective of assessing the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices (KAP) about animal bites and rabies in the general community. The proforma for interviewing the general community was developed and used after field testing. The study was carried out at six selected centres across the country viz. Delhi, Hyderabad, Raipur, Jamnagar, Coonoor and Rajahmundry and was co-ordinated by National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD), Delhi, after thorough briefing of designated nodal officers. A total of 1129 (male: female :: 48.5: 51.5) persons in the age group of 18 to 80 years were interviewed in this study. Of these about 751% of the individuals had attended school at some level and rest were illiterates. 68.7% people had heard about rabies. In 60.7% of cases the community associates rabies with dog bite only. Knowledge about appropriate wound toilet was found to be inadequate. Only 360 (31.9%0/) people felt that washing the wound with soap and water was the best option. Application of indigenous products like chillies (11.4%), turmeric (5.6%), lime (6.8%), kerosene oil (2.3%), herbal paste (4.2%) etc was suggested along with visit to occult medicine practitioner (1.5%) as part of the bite wound management. People were not aware of number of injections needed for treatment of animal bites. Multiple reasons viz negligence and ignorance 354 (31.4%), fear of multiple painful injections 365 (32.3%), expensive treatment 169 (15%) and long course requiring daily visits to anti-rabies clinics 73 (6.5%) were cited as reasons for non-compliance of treatment. KAP study suggests that there is need to create awareness amongst the masses regarding epidemiology of the disease and merits of prompt and appropriate post exposure treatment through enhanced IEC activities. PMID:17913213

Ichhpujani, R L; Chhabra, Mala; Mittal, Veena; Bhattacharya, D; Singh, J; Lal, Shiv

2006-12-01

234

Reproductive health for refugees by refugees in Guinea IV: Peer education and HIV knowledge, attitudes, and reported practices  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Both conflict and HIV affect sub-Saharan Africa, and supportive approaches for HIV prevention among refugees are crucial. Peer education has been associated with improved HIV outcomes, though relatively little research has been published on refugee settings. The primary objective of this study was to assess whether exposure to refugee peer education was associated with improved HIV knowledge, attitudes, or practice outcomes among refugees in Guinea. Secondary objectives were to assess whether gender, age, or formal education were more strongly associated than peer education with improved HIV outcomes. Methods Data was collected by cross-sectional survey from 889 reproductive-age men and women in 23 camps in the Forest Region of Guinea. Selected exposures (i.e. peer education, gender, formal education, age were analysed for associations with HIV outcomes using logistic regression odds ratios (OR. Results Most participants (88% had heard of HIV, particularly those exposed to peer or formal education. Most correctly identified ways to protect themselves, while maintaining misconceptions about HIV transmission. Women and those exposed to either peer or formal education had significantly fewer misconceptions. Half of participants considered themselves at risk of HIV, women with 52% higher odds than men (adjusted OR 1.52, 95%CI 1.01-2.29. Participants exposed to peer education had more than twice the odds of reporting having made HIV-avoidant behavioural changes than unexposed participants (72% versus 58%; adjusted OR 2.49, 95%CI 1.52-4.08. While women had 57% lower odds than men of reporting HIV-avoidant behavioural changes (OR 0.43, 95%CI 0.31-0.60, women exposed to peer education had greater odds than exposed men of reporting HIV-avoidant changes (OR 2.70 versus OR 1.95. Staying faithful (66% was the most frequent behavioural change reported. Conclusions Peer education was most strongly associated with reported HIV-avoidant behaviour change. Gender was most associated with HIV knowledge and risk perception. Refugee women had fewer misconceptions than men had, but were more likely to report HIV risk and less likely to report making behavioural changes. Peer education appears promising for HIV interventions in chronic-emergency settings, if gender disparities and related barriers to condom usage are also addressed.

von Roenne Anna

2011-07-01

235

Knowledge, attitude and practice of women in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil with respect to physical exercise in pregnancy: a descriptive study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Pregnancy is a good time to develop healthy lifestyle habits including regular exercise and good nutrition. Programs of physical exercise for pregnant women have been recommended; however, there are few references on this subject in the literature. The objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practice of pregnant women with respect to appropriate physical exercise during pregnancy, and also to investigate why some women do not exercise during pregnancy. Methods A descriptive study was conducted in which 161 women of 18 to 45 years of age were interviewed in the third trimester of pregnancy. These women were receiving prenatal care at National Health Service (SUS primary healthcare units and had no pathologies for which physical exercise would constitute a risk. The women were selected at an ultrasonography clinic accredited to the SUS in Campinas, São Paulo. A previously elaborated knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP questionnaire was used to collect data, which were then stored in an Epinfo database. Statistical analysis was conducted using Pearson's chi-square test and Fisher's exact test to evaluate the association between the study variables (p Results Almost two-thirds (65.6% of the women were sufficiently informed about the practice of physical exercise during pregnancy and the vast majority (93.8% was in favor of it. Nevertheless, only just over 20% of the women in this sample exercised adequately. Significant associations were found between an adequate knowledge of physical exercise during pregnancy and education level (p = 0.0014 and between the adequate practice of physical exercise during pregnancy and having had fewer pregnancies (p = 0.0001. Lack of time and feeling tired and uncomfortable were the principal reasons given by the women for not exercising. Conclusion These results suggest that women's knowledge concerning the practice of physical exercise during pregnancy is reasonable and their attitude is favorable; however, relatively few actually exercise during pregnancy.

Milanez Helaine

2011-11-01

236

First Year Medical Students? AIDS Knowledge and Attitude  

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Full Text Available Research Question: What is the level of knowledge, sexual practices and attitude of medical students towards AIDS/ HIV. Objective: To assess the knowledge, sexual practices and attitudes of medical students in relation to HIV/AIDS. Study Design: Cross- sectional. Participants: 409 first year medical students. Study variables: Sex knowledge, sexual practices, Attitudes, Risk perception. Results: 92% of the students had heard about AIDS predominantly through mass media. Many students had misconception about transmission of HIV infection should not be allowed to work in the clinic or hospital. 36% of male and 9% of female students admitted indulging in safe sexual practices mostly with their friends.

Amalraj Edwin R

1995-01-01

237

Not-Invented-Here: How Institutionalized Socialization Practices Affect the Formation of Negative Attitudes Toward External Knowledge  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Management literature highlights several potential benefits of institutionalized socialization practices that attempt to increase cohesiveness among employees. This article posits that such practices might also contribute to a biased perception of internally generated knowledge and therefore to a greater reluctance to adopt external knowledge — enhancing the so-called not-invented-here (NIH) syndrome. Drawing on multi-informant survey data, the authors find that institutionalized socialization practices are associated with the NIH syndrome. This association is however muted in highly technologically specialized companies.

Burcharth, Ana Luiza de Araújo

2014-01-01

238

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND PRACTICES OF EXCLUSIVE BREAST-FEEDING OF INFANTS AGED 0-6 MONTHS BY URBAN REFUGEE WOMEN IN KIGALI  

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Full Text Available This study aims at determining the knowledge, attitudes and practices of urban refugee women regarding the exclusive breastfeeding (EBF in order to promote its practice among this group of population and increase the number of women who adhere to it for achieving a better development of their children. The specific objectives of the study are to determine the urban refugee women’s knowledge regarding EBF, to identify their source of information about EBF, to assess their attitudes towards EBF and to determine EBF practice rate among these women. This is a descriptive crosssectional study. It involves 90 urban refugee women who had children aged six months to two years during the period of the study. The study was conducted between January 2011 and mid-February of the same year.The main results are the following: 74.4% of the mothers have correct knowledge about the EBF, and the health facilities are reported to at 90 % their main source of the information 71.1% of the mothers have positive attitude towards EBF, but 34.4 % practised EBF up to 6 months. There is no significant correlation between the dependant and the independent variables (p > 0.05.The factors leading the mothers in the study to such low practice of EBF, which are not captured by this study, might be anchored in their cultural or traditional practices. For almost all of the mothers come from the same country: the Democratic Republic of the Congo; mainly from the East of the country.Therefore, as a recommendation, a qualitative research should diligently be conducted in order to dig up the reasons for these women’s failure in practising EBF to six months. In addition, the women’s sensitisation for EBF practice should continue and be enhanced.

Gedeon Jino Bahemuka

2013-03-01

239

Evaluation of Knowledge, Attitude and practice of private practioner in urmieh in 1376 (KAP.Study regard to O.H.I.  

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Full Text Available :.In the result of first world investigations, it has recommended that most oral and dental disease"n(over 80% can be prevented by oral hygiene Instruction and sanitary methods."nIn our investigation, we have wanted to estimate the rate of knowledge, attitude and practice of dentists in"nurmieh. Our results exhibited that the rate of dentist's knowledge about sanitary and preventive methods"nand their etiologic relations of oral disease is 95%.But in spite of this high rate of knowledge; the dentists"nattitude rate is %55.48 and more strange is that the practice of these dentist in relation with sanitary and"npreventive methods for patients has evaluated about 66.17% that ,this rate is 13% more than their attitude"nrate. The cause of this strange result, may be is dentists un honestly answer or because of their high"ntheoretical knowledge of our dentist. May be we thinking that this recent factor in spite of insufficient"nattitude has effected on their practice.

Soleymani-e-Shayestheh Y

1999-06-01

240

Effect Of Socio- Economic Status On The Efficacy Of Nutrition Education In Promoting The Nutritional Knowledge, Attitude And Practice In First-Grade Guidance School Girls In Tehran  

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Full Text Available Background: Adolescence (10-19 years is one of the most challenging periods in human development. A second period of rapid growth occurs during the teen years. Not much information is available on the effect of the socio-economic status on the outcome of nutrition education in teenage girls. Objective : The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of socio- economic status on the efficacy of nutrition education in promoting the nutritional knowledge, attitude and practice in first-grade guidance school girls in Tehran. Material & Methods: A total of 300 students were selected from 11 guidance schools by simple sampling and divided into three groups: 1- guide-book, 2- group discussion, 3- control. The knowledge and attitude data were collected using pre-test and post-test questionnaires and the personal-socioeconomic data were collected using general questionnaires. The students in group 1 were given the guide-book and required to study it at home, while group 2 students were told to discuss among themselves the contents of the guide-book. The control group was given nothing to study or to do. Results: Nutrition education did not have a significant effect on the increase in the attitude score in the students whose grade-point average and their mother’s education level were high. (p= 0.13, p=0.29. Only mother’s education level independently from the type of education was associated with the difference of knowledge score means (p =0.07.There was interaction between nutritional education and monthly pocket- money with regard to the increase in the knowledge score (p =0.03. Conclusion: Overall, exception of monthly pocket money, the effect of education on the nutritional knowledge and attitude was independent from other variables. Only mother’s education associate with the difference of knowledge score means.

Taslimi Taleghani M

2005-05-01

 
 
 
 
241

Effectiveness of HIV counseling services on knowledge, attitude, behavior and practice (KABP) among pregnant women attending PPTCT program.  

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Counseling services is an important component of National AIDS Control Program which aims at creating awareness and promoting changes in reducing high risk behavior against HIV/AIDS. Pregnant women attending antenatal clinics are being counseled about HIV/AIDS under prevention of parent to child transmission (PPTCT) program. The objective of this study was to assess (KABP) regarding HIV/AIDS among pregnant women attending PPTCT program before and after counseling at Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi. A Quasi-experimental study was conducted. Data was collected by interviewing 600 pregnant women attending ANC clinic during May 2006 to May 2007 using a pre-test and post-test interview schedule. About 69.2% of the pregnant women had heard about AIDS before the counseling. Knowledge regarding mother to child transmission of HIV was 53.5%. 38.2% knew that mother to child transmission can be reduced by drugs. The knowledge of pregnant women about AIDS was significantly different in pre-test (mean score = 15.3) and post test (mean score = 35.6) (P < 0.0001). Attitude of study participants towards people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) indicated that individuals with HIV should be allowed to work (79.9%) and all commercial sex workers should compulsorily be tested for HIV (55.1%). There was significant difference between in pre-test and post-test attitude about PLWHA and HIV testing (p < 0.0001). The condom use among the study participants significantly improved after counseling (1.2% in pre-test and 58.6% after counseling) (p < 0.0001). Counseling services were effective in increasing knowledge and changes in attitude and behavior among pregnant women and the efforts needs to be sustained. PMID:22010484

Rahbar, Tayebeh; Garg, S; Singh, M M; Malhotra, Sumit; Gupta, V K; Tripathi, R

2009-09-01

242

Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice about Hepatitis B among Patient Porters of the Training and Treatment Hospitals of Rafsanjan, 2011  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Hepatitis B is a viral infection that is potentially life-threatening and is transmitted through contact with the blood or other body fluids of an infected one. Hepatitis B is, therefore, an important professional hazard for health care workers. This aim of this study was to assess the practical knowledge of hepatitis B among the patient porters of the training and treatment hospitals of Rafsanjan. Material and Methods: This descriptive study is a crosssectional study utilizing a self-made questionnaire comprised of four sections on demographic information, attitude towards hepatitis B, knowledge of hepatitis B, and practical measures against hepatitis B. Face and content validity and reliability of the questionnaire was performed. After the completion of the questionnaire, parametric and non-parametric tests were conducted to assess the relationship between the study variables. A P value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: In this study, 86 individuals filled the questionnaires (response rate =86%. Results showed that the most prevalent age was between 31 and 40 years old (60%, the dominant sex was male (62.4%, the majority had more than ten years of work experience (64.5%, and a high percentage had a middle school educational level (45.9%. Our results also showed that the majority of the respondents had received training about hepatitis B, and there was no significant relation between some demographic information such as work place and educational level and knowledge, attitude, and practice about hepatitis B. Conclusion: The degree of knowledge, attitude, and practice in regard to hepatitis B among the patient porters of the training and treatment hospitals of Rafsanjan was favorable.

Mohammad Asadpour

2012-12-01

243

Noise-Induced Hearing Loss Among Quarry Workers in a North-Eastern State of Malaysia: A Study on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice  

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Full Text Available Objectives: Noise is known to be one of the environmental and occupational hazards listed in the Factory and Machinery Act 1967. Quarries with loud deafening sounds from trucks and machineries pose the risk of noise-induced hearing loss to workers. This study was designed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice towards noise-induced hearing loss and to determine the prevalence of noise-induced hearing loss and its associated factors among quarry workers in a north-eastern state of Malaysia.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at six quarries in a north-eastern state of Malaysia, with 97 consented respondents who answered a validated version of a questionnaire and underwent pure tone audiogram. The respondents were male, aged between 18 to 50 years, working in the quarry area for at least 6-months duration with no family history of ear diseases.Results: The mean percentage scores of knowledge, attitude and practice were 44 (11, 70 (10 and 28 (16 percent, respectively. The prevalence of noise-induced hearing loss was found to be 57 (95% CI: 47, 67 with 46 (84% having mild and moderate noise-induced hearing loss, and 34 (62% involved both ears. Multiple logistic regressions showed that age and practice score were the associated factors with odd ratios of 1.1 (95% CI: 1.1, 1.2; p<0.001 and 0.9 (95% CI: 0.8, 1.0; p=0.008, respectively.Conclusion: The knowledge, attitude and practice scores of the respondents were poor and the high prevalence of noise-induced hearing loss was contributed by factors such as poor practice and old age.

Ahmad Filza Ismail

2013-09-01

244

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Breast Self-examination Among Female University Students from 24 Low, Middle Income and Emerging Economy Countries.  

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The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge, attitude and practice of Breast Self-Examination (BSE) among female university students from 24 low, middle income and emerging economy countries. Using anonymous questionnaires, data were collected from 10,810 female undergraduate university students aged 16- 30 (mean age 20.7, SD=2.9) from 25 universities in 24 countries across Asia, Africa and the Americas. Overall, 50.4% of the female students indicated that they knew how to conduct BSE. Among all women, 59.3% had never practiced BSE in the past 12 months, 21.3% 1-2 times, 10.3% 3-10 times, and 9.1% monthly. The proportion of monthly BSE was above 20% in Nigeria and Laos and below 2% in Bangladesh, India, Singapore, Russia, and South Africa. Logistic regression found that BSE importance or positive attitude was highly associated with BSE practice. BSE practices were found to be inadequate and efforts should be made to develop programmes that can increase knowledge related to breast cancer as well as the practice of breast self-examination. PMID:25374181

Pengpid, Supa; Peltzer, Karl

2014-01-01

245

Knowledge, attitude and practice for breast cancer risk factors and screening modalities in staff nurses of Ayub teaching hospital Abbottabad  

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Background: Breast cancer is the commonest cancer modality in female worldwide. Avoiding the risk factors can reduce its incidence and adhering to screening and early detection can reduce its mortality. A sufficient knowledge regarding the risk factors and screening modalities is therefore essential. We assessed the knowledge level about these parameters in our staff nurses. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire survey was performed. Knowledge regarding the risk factors and screening modalities were categorised into good, fair, poor and very poor categories. Results: Knowledge regarding most of the factors was found to be fair. A few things were termed as good knowledge like role of breast-feeding in protecting against breast cancer. Practice regarding the screening modalities was not satisfactory. Only a few nurses had good knowledge of the risk factors and screening modalities. Practice of the Screening modalities was also poor. Conclusion: There is a need to improve the nursing curriculum, training at the workplace and motivate them for screening practices. They should be encouraged to talk to their patients and their female attendants about prevention and early detection of breast cancer. (author)

246

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Hand Hygiene among Medical and Nursing Students at a Tertiary Health Care Centre in Raichur, India  

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Background. Hand hygiene is recognized as the leading measure to prevent cross-transmission of microorganisms. Regarding hospital acquired infections, the compliance of nurses with hand washing guidelines seems to be vital in preventing the disease transmission among patients. There is a paucity of studies exploring this subject in Asia. Especially medical and nursing student's knowledge of standard hand hygiene precautions is rarely compared. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 98 medical and 46 nursing students in a tertiary medical college in India. Knowledge was assessed using WHO hand hygiene questionnaire. Attitude and practices were evaluated by using another self-structured questionnaire. Z test was used to compare the percentage of correct responses between medical and nursing students. A P value less than 0.05 was considered significant. Results. Only 9% of participants (13 out of 144) had good knowledge regarding hand hygiene. Nursing students knowledge (P = 0.023) , attitude (P = 0.023), and practices (P < 0.05) were significantly better than medical students. PMID:24967144

Nair, Sreejith Sasidharan; Hanumantappa, Ramesh; Hiremath, Shashidhar Gurushantswamy; Siraj, Mohammed Asaduddin; Raghunath, Pooja

2014-01-01

247

ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND PRACTICE TOWARDS EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTIVES AMONG FEMALE COLLEGE STUDENTS AT MEKELLE TOWN, TIGRAY REGION, ETHIOPIA: A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY  

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Full Text Available Background: Death related to unintended pregnancy associated events is a series public health concern in Ethiopia. This is very common in young adolescents for whom life is full of adventure and temptation with very little knowledge about the consequences of their reckless activities. Emergency contraceptives are the only method that can be used within short time after sexual intercourse, offering a second chance to prevent unwanted pregnancy. Objectives: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of emergency contraceptives among female college students at Mekelle town, Ethiopia.Methods: An institutional based cross-sectional survey was conducted among 616 female college students at Mekelle town from March to July, 2011. Multistage sampling technique with Probabilities proportional to size was used. Data were analyzed by SPSS window version 16.0 software package and presented using frequencies, percentages. Crude & adjusted odds ratio were used to control the possible confounding variables. Results: Of the total respondents, 393(67.3% of them replied that they have heard about emergency contraceptives. Among those who have ever heard of emergency contraceptives, 224 (57% mentioned pills only, 9 (2.3% mentioned intrauterine contraceptive devices only and 154(39.2% mentioned both pill & IUCDs. 263(45% of the respondents were knowledgeable towards ECs, and about 271(46.4% of the students had positive attitude towards emergency contraceptives. Of the sexually active respondents 70(24.2% only reported that they had used emergency contraceptive methods previously. Whereas, 219(75.8% were not used emergency contraceptives; some of the reasons were lack of knowledge about ECs (42.9%; no desire to use (22.8% and inaccessibility toward emergency contraceptives (16.4%.Conclusion: The study indicated low level of knowledge; very low level of practice and majority showed negative attitude towards emergency contraceptives.

Haftom Gebrehiwot*, Berhane Gebrekidan, Haftu Berhe and Kalayou Kidanu

2013-03-01

248

Sexual Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice of Adolescents in Northern Serbia - Are We Making any Progress? Follow-up Study 2000-2008  

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Full Text Available Objectives: To compare adolescents? sexual knowledge, attitudes and practice in Serbia presently and eight years ago with the aim of establishing the progress in education and plan further actions for improving reproductive health of our adolescents. Methods: 933 high school adolescents in Northern part of Serbia, in eight high schools were involved in the study conducted in year 2008. Questionnaire made for this survey included questions about knowledge, attitudes and practices of adolescents in reproductive health (sexuality, contraception and STI. Comparison is made with the situation in year 2000. Results: Almost half of the high school adolescents are sexually active ? 44 %, the mean age of first intercourse being16 years. Only 57.3 % of adolescents use contraception regularly, 40.7 % use it sometimes and 2 % have never used it. Majority of adolescents used condom ? 58.1 %, and one quarter used a combination of several means of contraception ? 26.1 %. There is not enough knowledge about significant STIs (Chlamydia, HPV, herpes. Half of adolescents want more education on sexuality, STIs and contraception, in schools, from experts. Conclusions: There are actions being conducted in Serbia with the aim of improvement of reproductive health of young people, but organized sexual education in the schools is not yet mandatory.

Kapamadzija A

2010-01-01

249

The Knowledge, Attitude and Practices regarding HBV Infection of Married Women in the Reproductive Age Group living in different districts of Bangladesh  

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The present study was conducted to know the knowledge, attitude and practices of 300 married women in the reproductive age group living in different districts of Bangladesh , regarding HBV infection. Only20% of the women were found aware of the mode of transmission of HBV. However, 50% of the women were having the misconceptions regarding mode of transmission of HBV. 4% of women, 30% of children up to 5 years and 15% of children above 5year were fully immunized with hepatitis B vaccine. 80%...

Md. Atiqur Rahman, , and; Sultan Rokeya Mannan

2009-01-01

250

Pharmacovigilance Practices for Better Healthcare Delivery: Knowledge and Attitude Study in the National Malaria Control Programme of India  

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Objective. With large scale rollout of artemisinin based therapy in the National Malaria Control Programme of India, a risk management plan is needed. This depends on adverse drug reaction (ADR) reporting by the healthcare professionals (HCPs). For the programme to be successful, an understanding of the mindset of HCPs is critical. Hence, the present study was designed to assess and compare the ADR reporting beliefs of HCPs involved in the National Malaria Control Programme of India. Methods. A cross–sectional survey was conducted amongst the HCPs who manage malaria up to the district level in India. A 5-point Likert scale-based questionnaire was developed as a study tool. Results. A total of 154 HCPs participated in the study (age: 42.4 ± 10.1 years with 33.8% being females). About 61% felt that only medically qualified HCPs are responsible for ADR reporting. Likeliness to report in future was mentioned by 45% HCPs. The knowledge score was relatively lower for life science graduates (P = 0.09). Knowledge correlated positively with attitude (r2 = 0.114; P < 0.0001). Conclusion. Based on the caveats identified, a specific and targeted in-service education with hands-on training on ADR monitoring and reporting needs to be designed to boost real time pharmacovigilance in India. PMID:25302133

Gupta, Pooja; Anvikar, Anupkumar R.; Valecha, Neena; Gupta, Yogendra K.

2014-01-01

251

Knowledge, attitude and practices of denture adhesives use among private dental practitioners' of jabalpur city, madhya pradesh: a cross sectional survey.  

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The use of denture adhesives (DA) and their role in prosthodontics has been a conflicted topic both in clinical practice and dental education. The use of adhesives, are viewed as poor reflection of their clinical skills and prosthetic expertise or to provide retention to an ill-fitting prosthesis by many dentists. These conflicting views have raised many doubts among practicising dentists on the use of DAs in their clinical practice. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of DA use among private dental practitioners' of Jabalpur city, Madhya Pradesh. This descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire involving private dental practitioners of Jabalpur city. A total of 172 private dental practitioners of Jabalpur made up the sample of the study. A comprehensive, closed-ended, self-administered questionnaire was employed which was designed to collect the sociodemographic details and to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of DA use among private dental practitioners'. The institutional review committee approved the study. Data were imported to the SPSS 13.01 program to draw the means and percentages. Majority of the dentists were males (55 %), preponderance (68 %) of the dentists were in the 21-30 years age-group. Greater part of the study population comprised of general dental practitioners (GDPs) (81 %). When the subjects were questioned if DA were soluble in saliva, 32 % of the GDPs replied wrongly. Similarly 25 % of the GDPs didn't know that using DA with incompletely removed old DA affected tissue health. Zinc containing DA are recently held responsible for causing neurological diseases on their prolonged usage, 71 % of the GDPs and 74 % of other specialists were unaware in this context. A total of 115 (83 %) GDPs, 6 (100 %) prosthodontists and 22 (81 %) other specialist's used DA as a beneficial adjunct in their clinical practice. DA being used frequently by the dentists, unfortunately they did not have sufficient knowledge regarding the material. The attitude is a reflection of an individual's knowledge, which was also not homogeneous. By pursuing continuing education courses, the practitioners can update themselves regarding new technology and materials, thus improving the standard of care for prosthodontic patients. PMID:25183908

Mantri, Sneha; Vinay, S; Deogade, Suryakant; Mishra, Prateek; Galav, Ankit; Sharma, Kush

2014-09-01

252

Serum folate levels among healthy infants aged 6–8 months: relation to infants’ nutritional status indicators and maternal knowledge-attitude-practice  

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Full Text Available Background: Vitamin B12 and folate deficiency can cause anemia which may lead growth and development impairments. This study was aimed to determine serum folate levels among infants aged 6–8 months and the relation to infants’ nutritional indicators and maternal knowledge-attitude-practice about infant feeding.Methods: A cross–sectional design was implemented in infants aged 6–8 months and their mothers as respondents who met the study criteria. Data collected among the infants included sex, age, length, weight, intake of energy, protein and folate (based on a one–month semi–quantitative FFQ and a 24–hour food recall, serum folate and hemoglobin levels. Data collected among the mothers included age, education level, income based on average minimum monthly wage, knowledge, attitude and behavior concerning infant’s feeding, i.e. breast milk and complementary feeding practices.Results: This study found that the median of serum folate levels was 43.05 nmol/L with values ranging from 19.92 nmol/L to 104.24 nmol/L. Serum folate level had a strong positive correlation with its related factors, protein and folate intake.Conclusions: Protein-folate–rich complementay food should be provided to infants aged 6 months and over to maintain serum folate level. (Med J Indones 2011; 20:138-42Keywords: Folate, infants, nutrient intake, nutritional status

Tutik Ernawati

2011-05-01

253

Knowledge plus Attitude in Radiation Protection  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Since the introduction of the Basic Safety Standards recommendations, the scope of the radiation protection was broadening. On behalf of the incorporation of radiation protection of the patient in medical exposures, the different groups of professionals involved: physicians, medical physicists, radiation protection officers, regulators, etc., have to work together. The objective of radiation protection, that is, to reduces doses from practices, to prevent potential exposures, to detect its occurrence as well as to evaluate and spread such abnormal situations, will be obtained only if it were possible to joint two basic conditions: knowledge and attitude. It should be well known the differences between the backgrounds needed to be for example, a medical physicist or an R.P.O., However, their attitude to solve an eventual problem involving radiation protection should be the same; as well as the behavior of the specialized physician and regulators, in order to add towards common goals. In this work, we show as an example the curricula contents about radiation protection of the cancer of medical physics in the Universidad Nacional de San Martin (UNSAM), and the corresponding module on medical exposures from the Post-Graduate course on Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety, held since the 80s in Buenos Aires by the National Commission of Atomic Energy, ARN, IAEA, and the Universidad de Buenos Aires. On the other hand, we describe different attitudes which leads or could start major radiological accidents, regardless the level of knowledge in radiation protection. We conclude that the larger numbers of accidents are due to problems in the attitude than in the level of knowledge of the person involved. Consequently; we suggest emphasizing the discussion on how to generate positive attitudes in every professional involucrated, independently of its cognitive profile or level. (Author) 2 refs

254

Conhecimento, atitude e prática do auto-exame das mamas em centros de saúde Knowledge, attitude and practice of breast self-examination in health centers  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O câncer da mama é um dos principais problemas de saúde pública e a educação para o auto-exame mamário é uma das etapas fundamentais na identificação de tumores da mama em fase inicial. Realizou-se estudo com o objetivo de avaliar o conhecimento, a atitude e a prática do auto-exame das mamas entre usuárias de centros de saúde. MÉTODOS: Em estudo tipo inquérito CAP (conhecimento, atitude e prática foram entrevistadas 663 mulheres de 13 centros de saúde municipais selecionados de forma aleatória. O número de entrevistas em cada centro de saúde foi proporcional ao número médio mensal de mulheres atendidas. As respostas das usuárias foram descritas quanto ao conhecimento, atitude e prática, e suas respectivas adequações para o auto-exame das mamas, como previamente definido. A adequação foi comparada entre as categorias das variáveis de controle pelo teste X² RESULTADOS: Os resultados mostraram que o conhecimento e a prática do auto-exame das mamas foram adequados em 7,4% e 16,7% das entrevistadas respectivamente, embora a atitude frente a este procedimento tenha sido adequada em 95,9% das entrevistas. O estudo também mostrou que o esquecimento desta prática foi a principal barreira para a sua não realização, sendo referido por 58,1% das mulheres. CONCLUSÕES: As mulheres que utilizaram os centros de saúde tiveram conhecimento e prática inadequados para auto-exame das mamas, apesar de apresentarem atitude adequada e favorável à realização desse procedimento.OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer is one of the most important problems of public health and education regarding breast self-examination is one of the important steps for identifying breast tumors at an early stage. The present study was carried out to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice of breast self-examination among patients attending health centers. METHODS: In a KAP (Knowledge, Attitude and Practice survey 663 women of 13 randomly selected municipal health centers were interviewed. The number of interviews in each health center was proportional to the mean number of women seen per month. In the data analysis, women's answers for knowledge, attitude and practice regarding breast self-examination were classified according to their adequacy as previously defined. Adequacy was compared among categories of control variables with X² test. RESULTS: The results showed that knowledge and practice of breast self-examination were adequate in 7.4% and 16.7%, respectively. However, attitude was adequate in 95.9% of the women interviewed. The study also showed that 58.1% of the women interviewed referred that forgetfulness was the main barrier for not performing self-examination. CONCLUSIONS: Women attending the health centers sampled in this study had inadequate knowledge and practice about breast self-examination but they had an adequate and favorable attitude about it.

Luiz Alberto Barcelos Marinho

2003-10-01

255

Knowledge, attitudes and practice of breast cancer screening among female health workers in a Nigerian urban city  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Late presentation has been observed as the hallmark of breast cancer in Nigerian women and an earlier onset has been reported in this population. This study was designed to assess the awareness of female health workers about risk factors and screening methods for early detection of breast cancer. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among female health workers in the two major government health institutions in Benin City, Edo State capital in Nigeria. Data analysis was by SPSS version 10 and test of significance was done with differences considered significant at p Results Three hundred and ninety-three (393 female health workers out of five hundred and five eligible subjects completed and returned the questionnaires, giving a response rate of 77.8%. One hundred and two (26% were Doctors, two hundred and fifty-four (64.6% Nurses, and thirty-seven (9.4% were Radiographers, Laboratory Scientists and Pharmacists. A high proportion of our respondents had very poor knowledge about risk factors for breast cancer (55%. The awareness of mammography as a diagnostic method was very high (80.7%, but an extremely low knowledge of mammography as a screening method was found. Mammography practice of only 3.1% was found among those above 40 years of age who qualify for routine annual screening. Relatively low knowledge (45.5% about Breast Self Examination (BSE as a screening method was found. Conclusion These female health workers who are expected to act as role models and educate the public had poor knowledge of risk factors for breast cancer and practice of breast cancer screening. There is very urgent need for regular update courses for health workers concerning breast cancer education including screening methods.

Omuemu Vivian O

2009-06-01

256

Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards HIV/AIDS among Iranian prisoners in Mazandaran province in the south-coast area of the Caspian Sea.  

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HIV infection in the Islamic Republic of Iran is concentrated primarily among intravenous drug users. This study investigated the knowledge, attitudes and practices towards HIV/AIDS prevention of a random sample of prisoners in 5 prisons in Mazandaran province. Of 1760 individuals aged 18-65 years old completing the questionnaire, the mean age was 30.1 (SD 8.1) years (range 18 to 59 years); 95.8% were male. Respondents had an average to fairly good knowledge about HIV/AIDS, with the percentages answering correctly ranging from 11.9% to 85.9%. However many had the misconception that "HIV/AIDS does not influence Iran" and "I will not be infected with HIV/AIDS under any conditions" and 63.6% agreed that lack of religious and moral commitment could spread AIDS infection. HIV/AIDS prevention efforts are needed for prisoners in Mazandaran province. PMID:22355942

Majdi, M R; Khani, H; Azadmarzabadi, E; Montazeri, A; Hallajian, E; Babamahmodi, F; Kariminasab, M H

2011-12-01

257

Knowledge, attitudes and practices about contraception amongst schoolgirls aged 12–14 years in two schools in King Sabata Dalindyebo Municipality, Eastern Cape  

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Full Text Available Background: In South Africa the teenage fertility rate is high. About 42% of women have theirsexual debut by 18 years of age and 5% by 15. These young women are also at risk of sexuallytransmitted infections (STIs and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV infection. Despitewidespread availability of contraception, 18% of sexually active teenagers do not use any. Previous research on the knowledge of, attitudes to and practices of contraception by teenagers has focused on older adolescents.Objectives: This study explored knowledge, attitudes and practices about contraception amongst12–14 year old unmarried schoolgirls with a view to inform planning of programmes to assist inreducing teenage pregnancies.Methods: A qualitative study design with purposive sampling was used to select participants from two government-run schools in King Sabata Dalindyebo Municipality. In-depth and focus group interviews were conducted after obtaining written consent from parents and assent from participants. Interviews were audiotaped, transcribed verbatim, translated and analysed thematically.Findings: Participants reported that young adolescents were sexually active, which included highrisk sexual behaviour such as multiple partners and casual and transactional sex. Knowledge about contraceptives varied widely. Condoms were the most preferred method of contraception, but it is unknown whether they ever used condoms as they professed to talk about the behaviour of others rather than themselves. Injectable contraceptives were believed to have long-term negative effects. Common sources of contraceptive information were friends or peers, school curriculum and to a lesser extent family members.Conclusions: Findings of the study suggest that young adolescents are sexually active and haveinadequate knowledge and misconceptions about contraception. These findings should informeducational programmes about risks of early sexual activity and about contraception.

Pamela Mda

2013-10-01

258

An investigation of dentists' knowledge, attitudes and practices towards HIV+ and patients with other blood-borne viruses in South Cheshire, UK.  

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This paper derives from research conducted in the North West of England which was funded by the South Cheshire Health Authority. The research was funded because anecdotal evidence within a charity HIV/ AIDS organisation in the region suggested that some HIV positive individuals had been experiencing difficulties accessing NHS dental care. Following previous studies, this paper therefore examines dentists' knowledge, attitudes and practices in order to assess which factors may be influential in affecting dentists' willingness to treat patients with HIV/AIDS and other blood-borne viruses. The study population consisted of all 330 dentists working within the South Cheshire region whose addresses were obtained from the Local Health Authority. A response rate of 46% was obtained and the results were analysed using basic descriptive statistics and the chi-squared (chi(2)) test. The results of this study suggest that age and type of dental practice are significant factors associated with treatment practices, attitudes and sense of ethical responsibility amongst dentists in the South Cheshire region. Consistent with previous studies, this could be interpreted as due to the impact of educational programmes. Further qualitative research is recommended in order to address these issues in more depth. PMID:15220975

Crossley, M L

2004-06-26

259

Description of Society’s Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, and Their Relationship with Occurrences of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Pananjung and Pangandaran Villages Ciamis Regency  

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Full Text Available Ciamis district is dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF endemic area that significantly increased of number of cases on last three years period (2004-2006. This fact is a reason to conduct research that aimed to know a description a society’s knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP and also to know relationships between that one with the occurrences of DHF. The research was designed using cross sectional study; 195 respondents was interviewed to know the level of society’s KAP. The final results of this research was showed that the respondent’s KASP is good but does not give impact on occurrences of DHF cases because its practice was not done yet by societies in control DHF disease.

Mara Ipa

2009-06-01

260

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of OB/GYN nurses and auxiliary staff in the care of pregnant women living with HIV.  

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The purpose of this study was to explore the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of health care workers caring for HIV-infected pregnant women. A KAP survey was formulated in order to achieve this goal. Obstetric and gynecological (OB/GYN) health care workers (n = 121) in both inpatient and outpatient settings in an academic and an affiliated community-based hospital in a large urban academic medical center in the northeastern United States were surveyed. Findings suggest that KAP requires further improvement among OB/GYN staff, particularly in the areas of prevention of HIV and psychosocial care of patients with HIV. Further research is needed to determine the best strategies to improve clinical practice for pregnant women living with HIV. PMID:23876818

Farley, Jason E; Hayat, Matthew J; Murphy, Jeanne; Sheridan-Malone, Eileen; Anderson, Jean; Mark, Hayley

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Establishing evaluation indicators on the population knowledge, attitudes, practices and skills (KAPS) of secondary school teachers and students in the Philippines.  

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This study was conducted to establish evaluation indicators to be used as a basis in evaluating the integration of the population education program (POPED) of the Ministry of Education, Culture, and Sports within the Philippine 2ndary school curriculum. Questionnaires were used to determine existing knowledge, attitude, practice and skills (KAPS) of 3,136 high school students and 490 teachers, and data was analyzed for significant relationships between KAPS concerning POPED and demographic characteristics, exposure to population information sources, type of school attended, and exposure to POPED. KAPS and teaching method determine KAPS of the student. Data indicate that 81% of teachers had integrated POPED into the curriculum; only 19% of these had attended training on POPED. 93% utilized a lecture-discussion method in teaching POPED. Knowledge tests given to students and teachers were the same, covering demography, family size, age at marriage, responsible parenthood, use-effectiveness of methods, and population and development. Teachers performed better than students in questions on knowledge; on attitude statements teachers showed a slightly more favorable attitude towards POPED issues, most favorable to responsible parenthood, and least favorable to age at marriage. Mean preferred age at marriage (25) and mean desired number of children (3) was the same for teachers and students; teachers desired wider child spacing than students (3.3 years vs. 2.7 years). 84% of teachers used or wanted to use a family planning method, 76% of students felt they would use a method after marriage. Factors useful in predicting KAPS of teachers and students on POPED are: region of residence, age, sex, educational level, marital status, grade average, type of school, and exposure to various sources of POPED information. PMID:12314294

Mercado, C

1985-06-01

262

Knowledge, attitude and practice of mammography among women users of public health services Conhecimento, atitude e prática da mamografia entre usuárias do serviço público de saúde  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate knowledge, attitude and practice related to mammography among women users of local health services, identifying barriers to its performance. METHODS: A total of 663 women were interviewed at 13 local health centers in a city of Southeastern Brazil, in 2001. Interviewees were randomly selected at each center and they were representative from different socioeconomic conditions. The number of interviewees at each center was proportional to monthly mean appointments. For data analysis, answers were described as knowledge, attitude, practice and their respective adequacies and then they were correlated with control variables through the chi-square test. RESULTS: Only 7.4% of the interviewees had adequate knowledge on mammography, while 97.1% of women had an adequate attitude. The same was seen for the practice of mammography that was adequate in 35.7% of the cases. The main barrier to mammography was lack of referral by physicians working at the health center (81.8%. There was an association between adequacy of attitude and five years or more of education and being married. There was also an association between adequacy of mammography practice and being employed and family income up to four minimum wages. CONCLUSIONS: Women users of local health services had no adequate knowledge and practice related to mammography despite having an adequate attitude about this exam.OBJETIVO: Avaliar o conhecimento, a atitude e a prática do exame de mamografia entre as mulheres usuárias do serviço médico municipal, identificando as barreiras para seu acesso à realização do procedimento. MÉTODOS: Foram entrevistadas 663 mulheres de 13 centros de saúde municipais de Campinas, SP, em 2001. As entrevistadas foram incluídas de forma aleatória, representando diferentes estratos sociais. O número de entrevistas em cada centro de saúde foi proporcional ao número médio mensal de mulheres atendidas. As respostas foram descritas quanto ao conhecimento, atitude e prática e suas respectivas adequações. A adequação foi correlacionada com variáveis de controle utilizando o teste qui-quadrado. RESULTADOS: Apenas 7,4% das entrevistadas tinham conhecimento adequado sobre o exame de mamografia, embora a atitude frente a este procedimento tenha sido adequada em 97,1% das mulheres e a prática adequada em 35,7% das entrevistadas. A principal barreira para a realização da mamografia foi a não solicitação por parte dos médicos dos centros de saúde (81,8%. A adequação da atitude esteve relacionada à escolaridade igual ou superior a cinco anos e ser casada. A prática adequada da mamografia associou-se com o trabalho fora de casa e renda familiar igual ou superior a cinco salários mínimos. CONCLUSÕES: O conhecimento e a prática da mamografia entre as usuárias do serviço médico municipal foi inadequada, apesar da atitude adequada em relação ao procedimento.

Luiz Alberto Barcelos Marinho

2008-04-01

263

Oral health care education and its effect on caregivers' knowledge, attitudes, and practices: A randomized controlled trial  

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Background: The population of older people as well as the number of dependent older people is steadily increasing. Those unable to live independently at home are being cared for in a range of settings. Practical training for nurses and auxiliary care staff has frequently been recommended as a way of improving oral health care for functionally dependent elderly. Aim: To evaluate an oral health education program for the caretakers of institutionalized elderly. Materials and Methods: The study was a cluster randomized intervention trial with an elderly home as the unit of randomization. Seven out of 65 elderly homes accommodating a total of 78 caretakers and 462 elderly residents were selected in Bangalore city, India, out of which 3 elderly homes were assigned to the intervention group and 4 to the control group. Oral health knowledge of caretakers was assessed using a pre-tested proforma; later, oral health education was provided to the caretakers of the intervention group. Oral health education was given at the end of 6 months to the caretakers of the control group. Chi-square test, Fisher exact test, and paired proportion test were used for statistical analysis. Results: There was significant improvement in the oral health knowledge of the caretakers from baseline in the interventional group. Conclusion: The results of the present study showed that there was a significant improvement in the oral health knowledge among the caretakers. Educating the caretakers for assisting or enabling residents for maintaining oral hygiene is essential.

Khanagar, Sanjeev; Kumar, Amit; Rajanna, Vasuda; Badiyani, Bhumika Kamal; Jathanna, Vinod Rakesh; Kini, Prajna V.

2014-01-01

264

Knowledge, attitude and practice of school health programme among head teachers of primary schools in Egor local government area of Edo state, Nigeria  

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Full Text Available Background : School health program (SHP is an important component of the overall health care delivery system of any country. In developing countries such as Nigeria where infant and early childhood mortality is high its importance cannot be overemphasized. For this reason and the recent action plan of the Federal Government of Nigeria concerning SHP, the knowledge, attitude and practice of SHP among head teachers of primary schools in a Local Government Area in Nigeria was evaluated. Methods : A pre-tested questionnaire designed to evaluate the knowledge attitude and practice of SHP by the researchers was administered by assistants to 133 head teachers of 104 private and 29 public primary schools in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State, Nigeria. The School premises were also inspected to check provision of pipe borne water, sick bay, toilet facilities and the adequacy of the school environments among other things. Results :None of the head teachers had adequate knowledge of SHP. 93.1% from private compared to 48.3% from public schools had poor knowledge of SHP (?2 = 56.86, p < 0.05. A favorable attitude was demonstrated by all the teachers. Up to 40.4% of private compared to 31.0% of public schools have SHP. Overall 27.7% of the schools had no toilet facility, 33.3% had pit latrine while 40.0% had water closet. Only 25.6% had hand washing facilities. Regarding health services, 51.0% of private schools compared to 27.6% of public schools perform medical inspection of the pupils. Similarly 39.4% private compared to 3.4% public schools have sick bay (?2 = 11.11; p < 0.05. A total of 16.5% of the schools undertake medical screening of food handlers/vendors, while 20.2% private compared to 3.4% public schools screen food handlers/vendors (?2 = 4.47; p < 0.05. Conclusion : The poor status of SHP in Nigeria may be attributed to failure of policy enunciation, poor primary health care base and lack of supervision.

Ofovwe G

2007-09-01

265

Towards an effective control programme of soil-transmitted helminth infections among Orang Asli in rural Malaysia. Part 2: Knowledge, attitude, and practices  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background In the first part of this study, we investigated the prevalence and associated key factors of soil-transmitted helminth (STH infections among Orang Asli children in rural Malaysia; an alarming high prevalence and five key factors significantly associated with infections were reported. Part 2 of this study aims to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP on STH infections among Orang Asli in Peninsular Malaysia. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out among 215 households from 13 villages in Lipis district, Pahang, Malaysia. Demographic and socioeconomic information of the participants and their KAP on STH were collected by using a pre-tested questionnaire. Results Overall, 61.4% of the participants had prior knowledge about intestinal helminths with a lack of knowledge on the transmission (28.8%, signs and symptoms (29.3% as well as the prevention (16.3%. Half of the respondents considered STH as harmful, while their practices to prevent infections were still inadequate. Significant associations between the KAP and age, gender, educational and employment status, family size, and household monthly income were reported. Moreover, significantly lower prevalence of STH infections was reported among children of respondents who wear shoes/slippers when outside the house (72.8%; 95% CI= 62.6, 80.5 vs 87.0%; 95% CI= 81.4, 91.1, wash their hands before eating (32.4%; 95% CI= 24.3, 42.2 vs 51.4%; 95% CI= 44.7, 60.1, and wash their hands after defecation (47.8%; 95% CI= 35.7, 57.1 vs 69.2%; 95% CI= 63.7, 78.7 as compared to their counterparts. Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that the educational level of the respondents was the most important factor significantly associated with the KAP on STH among this population. Conclusion This study reveals inadequate knowledge, attitude and practices on STH infections among Orang Asli in rural Malaysia. Hence, there is a great need for a proper health education programme and community mobilisation to enhance prevention and instil better knowledge on STH transmission and prevention. This is crucial for an effective and sustainable STH control programme to save the lives and future of the most vulnerable children in rural Malaysia.

Nasr Nabil A

2013-01-01

266

The Knowledge, Attitude and Practices regarding HBV Infection of Married Women in the Reproductive Age Group living in different districts of Bangladesh  

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Full Text Available The present study was conducted to know the knowledge, attitude and practices of 300 married women in the reproductive age group living in different districts of Bangladesh , regarding HBV infection. Only20% of the women were found aware of the mode of transmission of HBV. However, 50% of the women were having the misconceptions regarding mode of transmission of HBV. 4% of women, 30% of children up to 5 years and 15% of children above 5year were fully immunized with hepatitis B vaccine. 80% of children up to 5years and 75% of children above 5 years were fully immunized as per universal immunization Programme. Hence, the results of the study clearly indicated the low immunization programme and this further potentiated the need to grow public awareness about vaccination against Hepatitis B by focusing the beneficial effect of of early immunization through public electronic media.

Md. Atiqur Rahman

2009-07-01

267

Impact of distance education via mobile phone text messaging on knowledge, attitude, practice and self efficacy of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Iran  

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Full Text Available Abstract Objective To evaluate the impacts of using SMS on improving laboratory test levels and Knowledge, Attitude, Practice (KAP and Self Efficacy (SE of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM in Iran. Materials and methods In this randomized controlled trial study, a total of 81 type 2 diabetes patients were randomly assigned into two groups exp. group (n?=?43 and cont. group (n?=?38. Only exp. group received 4 messages weekly consisted of diet, exercise, medication taking and. The researchers provided the intervention for 12?weeks. Data were collected with results of laboratory tests and KAP, SE reliable and valid questionnaires and demographic characteristics list. Data gathering at the baseline of the study and after 3?months intervention and was analyzed by SPSS11.5 software using descriptive and inferential statistics methods. Results The results of this study showed that exp. group compared with cont. group improved significantly in HbA1C (p?=?0.024, LDL (p?=?0.019, cholesterol (p?=?0.002, BUN (p???0.001, micro albumin (p???0.001, knowledge (p???0.001, practice (p???0.001 and self efficacy (p???0.001. Conclusion The finding of this study demonstrate the effectiveness of intervention using SMS via mobile phone in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM. Thus, further studies are recommended for wide usage of distance education with mobile phone utilization.

Goodarzi Mandana

2012-08-01

268

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice regarding Influenza A (H1N1 among senior secondary school students of Kanpur city in north India  

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Full Text Available Background: Knowledge regarding Influenza A (H1N1 and its transmission and measures of prevention and control are important for individual protection as well as to contain the spread of the disease. Objective: To study the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding Influenza A (H1N1 among senior secondary school students of Kanpur. Study Design: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study. Material and Methods: This study was conducted among students of Class XI and XII of a leading private school in Kanpur. All the students present in the class at the time of the survey were included in the study. Results: Of the 483 students included in the study, 208 (43.1% knew that it was a viral disease.  Of all the students, 303 (62.7% knew about the mode of transmission. Around 336 (69.6% of the students knew that fever >38°C was a major symptom. Less commonly occurring symptoms such as diarrhoea (20.9% and vomiting (14.3% were known to few students. Conclusion: Knowledge regarding Influenza A (H1N1 needs to be enhanced among senior secondary school students through appropriate awareness programs.

Bhola Nath

2014-09-01

269

Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding the Pap test among women in northeastern Brazil / Conhecimentos, atitudes e praticas sobre o exame de Papanicolaou em mulheres do nordeste brasileiro  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: O exame de Papanicolaou já mostrou efetividade na prevenção de câncer do colo do útero. A literatura nacional e internacional tem mostrado que o exame de Papanicolaou não tem alcançado o índice de cobertura desejado. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os conhecimentos, atitud [...] es e práticas entre mulheres em relação ao exame de Papanicolaou e verificar se existe associação entre esses comportamentos e as características sociodemográficas. TIPO DE ESTUDO E LOCAL: Estudo descritivo e transversal realizado em Floriano, Piauí. MÉTODOS: O estudo foi conduzido com 493 mulheres no período de novembro de 2009 a dezembro de 2010. Utilizou-se m questionário com perguntas precodificadas, cujas respostas foram analisadas quanto à adequação dos comportamentos em relação ao exame. RESULTADOS: Os graus de adequação dos conhecimentos, atitudes e práticas em relação ao exame foram de 36,7%, 67,2% e 69,6%, respectivamente. Dentre as principais barreiras para a sua realização, destacaram-se a ausência de sintomas e a vergonha. CONCLUSÃO: As mulheres que realizam consultas periodicamente apresentam prática mais adequada, porém com baixa adequação de conhecimentos frente ao procedimento, sugerindo que não estejam recebendo as informações adequadas sobre os benefícios da realização periódica do exame de Papanicolaou. Abstract in english CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The Papanicolaou (Pap) test has been shown to be effective in preventing cervical cancer. However, both the national and international literature shows that Pap testing has not reached the level of coverage desired. The objective of this study was to assess women's knowledge [...] , attitudes and practices regarding the Pap test and to investigate whether there are any associations between these three factors and the women's sociodemographic characteristics. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional descriptive study conducted in Floriano, Piauí. METHODS : The study was conducted among 493 women between November 2009 and December 2010. A questionnaire with precoded questions was sed, and the responses were analyzed in terms of appropriateness in relation to the Pap test. RESULTS : The degrees of adequacy of knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding the Pap test were 36.7%, 67.2% and 69.6%, respectively. Among the main barriers against testing, absence of symptoms and a sense of embarrassment were the most notable. CONCLUSIONS: Women who visit doctors periodically had the most appropriate practices regarding the Pap test, but their knowledge of the procedure was poor. This suggests that these women were not receiving adequate information about the benefits of periodic testing.

Carla Lorenna Ferreira de, Albuquerque; Marla da Paschoa, Costa; Felipe Moreira, Nunes; Roberto Wagner Junior Freire de, Freitas; Paulo Roberto Medeiros de, Azevedo; Jose Verissimo, Fernandes; Juciane Vaz, Rego; Humberto Medeiros, Barreto.

270

Trends in the knowledge, attitudes and practices of travel risk groups towards prevention of malaria: results from the Dutch Schiphol Airport Survey 2002 to 2009  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Previous studies investigating the travellers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP profile indicated an important educational need among those travelling to risk destinations. Initiatives to improve such education should target all groups of travellers, including business travellers, those visiting friends and relatives (VFRs, and elderly travellers. Methods In the years 2002 to 2009, a questionnaire-based survey was conducted at the Dutch Schiphol Airport with the aim to study trends in KAP of travel risk groups towards prevention of malaria. The risk groups last-minute travellers, solo-travellers, business travellers, VFRs and elderly travellers were specifically studied. Results A total of 3,045 respondents were included in the survey. Travellers to destinations with a high risk for malaria had significantly more accurate risk perceptions (knowledge than travellers to low-risk destinations. The relative risk for malaria in travellers to high-risk destinations was probably mitigated by higher protection rates against malaria as compared with travellers to low risk destinations. There were no significant differences in intended risk-taking behaviour. Trend analyses showed a significant change over time in attitude towards more risk-avoiding behaviour and towards higher protection rates against malaria in travellers to high-risk destinations. The KAP profile of last-minute travellers substantially increased their relative risk for malaria, which contrasts to the slight increase in relative risk of solo travellers, business travellers and VFRs for malaria. Conclusions The results of this sequential cohort survey in Dutch travellers suggest an annual 1.8% increase in protection rates against malaria coinciding with an annual 2.5% decrease in intended risk-seeking behaviour. This improvement may reflect the continuous efforts of travel health advice providers to create awareness and to propagate safe and healthy travel. The KAP profile of last-minute travellers, in particular, substantially increased their relative risk for malaria, underlining the continuous need for personal protective measures and malaria chemoprophylaxis for this risk group.

van Genderen Perry JJ

2012-05-01

271

HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors Assessment of Chinese Students: A Questionnaire Study  

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The objective of this study was to assess students' knowledge, attitudes and practices on HIV and AIDS. A questionnaire was administered to a cross section of 259 Chinese undergraduates. Respondents were asked to provide information about knowledge and attitudes about HIV/AIDS. Study results indicated that the majority of undergraduates had a moderate level of HIV and AIDS knowledge, acceptance and attitudes towards people with HIV and AIDS. Boys had more acceptance and positive attitudes tow...

Chaojun Xie; Chunhong Wang; Dong Zhou; Jingju Pan; Xiaodong Tan

2007-01-01

272

Antibiotic use for upper respiratory tract infections in children: A cross-sectional survey of knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP of parents in Greece  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs are common in children. The cause of URTIs is usually viral, but parents' attitudes often contribute to inappropriate prescription of antibiotics, promoting antibiotic resistance. The objective of this study was to document and analyse parental beliefs on antibiotic use for children with URTIs in Greece, a country with high levels of antibiotic use and antibiotic resistance. Methods A knowledge-attitude-practice questionnaire was developed and distributed to Greek parents caring for children who were 5-6 years old, between January and July of the same school year. The sample of the study contained parents from all geographic areas of Greece. Results The majority of Greek parents (80% believed that UTRIs are mostly self-limited, although 74% of them expected to receive antibiotics when such a diagnosis was given. Earache was the most common reason for which parents expected antibiotics (45%. Greek parents rarely gave antibiotics to their children without medical advice (10% and most (88% believed that unnecessary antibiotic use drives antibiotic resistance and they were happy to receive symptomatic therapy if instructed by their physician. Almost 70% of parents confused antibiotics with other medicines used for symptomatic therapy for a child with URTI. Conclusion Greek parents have a trusted relationship with their paediatrician and rarely give antibiotics without medical advice, indicating that parents contribute less than expected to antibiotic misuse. Parents also appreciate the benign course of most URTIs and the fact that unnecessary antibiotic use is harmful. More time needs to be invested in educating mostly physicians on the potential benefit from reducing antibiotic prescribing for children with URTI.

Theodoridou Maria N

2011-07-01

273

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices among border crossers during temporary enforcement of a formal entry requirement for Mexican-style soft cheeses, 2009.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mexican-style soft cheese known as queso fresco (QF), which is often unpasteurized, has been implicated in outbreaks of foodborne illness in the United States. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) exercises discretion in enforcement of noncommercial importation of cheese. To test control measures aimed at decreasing unlawful QF importation, in 2009 the FDA temporarily enforced a requirement for formal commercial entry for all cheeses over 5 lb (2.3 kg) at the San Diego-Tijuana border. Enforcement was combined with educational outreach. Border crossers importing cheese and those not importing cheese were surveyed at the beginning and end of the temporary enforcement period. Data collected included participant demographic information, knowledge of QF-associated health risks, and attitudes and practices regarding QF consumption and importation. We surveyed 306 importers and 381 nonimporters. Compared with nonimporters, importers had a lower level of knowledge regarding QF-associated health risks (P education, be U.S. or dual residents, consume QF more frequently, and cross the border less often. Importation and consumption of unpasteurized QF remained prevalent among border crossers during the temporary enforcement period, and the level of knowledge regarding QF-associated risks remained low among these crossers. More vigorous, sustained messaging targeted at high-risk groups is needed to change behaviors. Definition and consistent enforcement of limits will likely be needed to reduce QF importation and the risk of QF-associated diseases along the U.S.-Mexico border; however, public health benefits will need to be balanced against the cost of enforcement. PMID:25198849

Nguyen, An V; Cohen, Nicole J; Gao, Hongjiang; Fishbein, Daniel B; Keir, Jane; Ocana, J Miguel; Senini, Lori; Flores, Aleta; Waterman, Stephen H

2014-09-01

274

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice Relating to Hazardous Alcohol Use across the Continuum of Care in a Community Healthcare Centre  

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Alcohol screening and intervention in community health settings places a great time demand on practitioners. Thus, implementation of practitioner-delivered intervention is challenging. Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of incorporating a brief alcohol intervention into daily practices of a community health care centre by…

Kishore, Vimal; Lynch, Sara; Pichon, Jamilia; Theall, Katherine; Johnson, Sandy; Roberson, Emily; Hinton, Susan

2011-01-01

275

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices addressing young child diarrhoea in Moramanga, Madagascar: The MOSAIQUE cross cultural qualitative study  

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Problem Statement/ Objective: Severe dehydration due to diarrhoea leads to 19.8% of deaths among children under 5 years of age in Madagascar (1). The Ministry of Health identified infant diarrhoea as a public health priority. Several studies show that there is an association between infant and young child feeding practices and diarrhoea morbidity (2,3). A conceptual framework allowed a description of child undernutrition as immediately linked to poverty with diarrhoea as a short-term conseque...

Renaudie, Karine

2011-01-01

276

Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome and sexually transmitted infections among health care providers in Lahore, Pakistan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection is a global problem of extraordinary dimensions and has so far resulted in nearly 25 million deaths worldwide. Health care providers (HCPs) are considered to play a pivotal role in the provision of preventive and curative services to individuals suffering from HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections. Pakistan, which was previously categorised as having a low-prevalence, high-risk HIV epidemic, is now facing a concentrated HIV epidemic among its most at-risk populations such as injecting drug users. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes and reported practices relating to HIV/AIDS and STIs among private and public sector health care providers providing clinical services in areas where women sell sex. This was an exploratory quantitative study, where a structured questionnaire was administered in face-to-face interviews with 200 HCPs from the public and private sectors. Knowledge about AIDS and correct diagnosis of STIs were defined as according to the national guidelines of NACP. Pearson's chi-square analysis was performed to test associations between predictors and level of knowledge of STIs in each group separately. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was employed to indicate predicting factors for correct management of STIs. Forty-five percent of the HCPs had correct knowledge about the transmission and prevention of HIV, whereas 21% had seen a patient with advanced HIV infection, on a patient with advanced HIV infection, only two HCPs had been trained to manage such cases and 82% were not aware of syndromic management of STIs. Only 10% could cite the 'correct treatment' of gonorrhoea, syphilis and vaginal discharge. The odds of having the 'correct knowledge' of diagnosing gonorrhoea and syphilis were 2.1 (CI 95%, 1.2-3.8) if the HCP was a female medical doctor working in public sector. Further intensive training is needed to improve the ability of relevant HCPs to correctly diagnose and effectively treat patients infected with HIV and STIs. (author)

277

Descriptive Study on Parents’ Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices on Antibiotic Use and Misuse in Children with Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Cyprus  

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Full Text Available Upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs are common in children and represent a significant cause of antibiotic abuse which contributes to the development of antibiotic resistance. A survey was conducted in Cyprus in 2006 to assess parents’ and pediatricians’ Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP concerning the role of antibiotics in children with URTIs. A school-based stratified geographic clustering sampling was used and a pre-tested KAP questionnaire was distributed. A different questionnaire was distributed to paediatricians. Demographic factors associated with antibiotic misuse were identified by backward logistic regression analysis. The parental overall response rate was 69.3%. Parents (N = 1,462 follow pediatricians advice and rarely administer antibiotics acquired over the counter. Although a third expects an antibiotic prescription for URTI symptoms, most deny pressuring their doctors. Low parental education was the most important independent risk factor positively related to antibiotic misuse (OR = 2.88, 95%CI 2.02 to 4.12, p < 0.001. Pediatricians (N = 33 denied prescribing antibiotics after parental pressure but admit that parents ask for antibiotics and believe they expect antibiotic prescriptions even when not needed. In conclusion, Cypriotic parents trust their primary care providers. Although it appears that antibiotic misuse is not driven by parental pressure, the pediatricians’ view differs.

Christos Hadjichristodoulou

2011-08-01

278

Improvement of the low knowledge, attitude and practice of hepatitis B virus infection among Saudi national guard personnel after educational intervention  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Although the risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV was reported to be higher in military personnel than the general population in Saudi Arabia (SA, there is lack of studies assessing HBV awareness among them. The objective was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP of HBV infection among military personnel. Methods An intervention design with pre- and post-education KAP questionnaire was completed among National Guard soldiers working in Jeddah during January 2009. Educational intervention was provided through educational leaflets, group and individual discussions, visual show, and a lecture. A score was created from the correct answers to 58 questions. Results A total of 400 male soldiers with mean age 30.7?±?6.1 years completed both questionnaires. The majority had school education (96.8% and in the lower military ranks (66.0%. Only 19.5% of soldiers reported HBV vaccine intake. The low median and inter-quartile range of the pre-intervention score (16, 6–26 markedly increased after education (to 53, 50–55, p Conclusion We are reporting a low level of HBV awareness among Saudi military population. The study confirms the need and effectiveness of focused multifaceted educational campaigns among the military population.

Al-Thaqafy Majid S

2012-10-01

279

Impact of Pharmacist Provided Patient Education on Knowledge, Attitude, Practice and Quality of Life in Asthma Patients in a South Indian Hospital  

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Full Text Available In many south Indian hospital, patient education by a clinical pharmacist is almost nil. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of patient education on Knowledge, Attitude, Practice (KAP and Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL in asthmatics. The study also aimed to develop and validate the KAP questionnaire for asthma in south Indian set-up. Patients (n = 297 were educated on monthly basis for a period of 6 months using Global Initiative for Asthma recommended pocket guide. Impact of patient education was assessed by comparing the baseline and end visit KAP scores. On every follow-up visit, patient’s HRQoL was measured using Saint George Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ. The standardized cronbach’s alpha value was 0.81. The test-retest reliability was 0.89. A significant (p<0.05 improvement of KAP score was observed with respect to baseline characteristics. A significant improvement (p<0.05 in all the domains of the SGRQ score was observed from day 30 onwards. The developed KAP questionnaire was acceptable and culture fair in the tested population. Pharmacist provided patient education significantly improved patient’s KAP and HRQoL.

M.G. Rajanandh

2014-01-01

280

The Effect of the Theoretical Course of Community Oral Health on the Oral Health Prevention Knowledge, Attitude and Self-Reported Practice in Dental School Students at Tehran University of Medical Sciences  

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Full Text Available Background and Aims: Evaluation of the training is a principle for successful education. This study evaluated the effect of the theoretical course of community oral health on knowledge, attitude and self-reported practice of preventive dentistry in dental students at Tehran University of Medical Sciences and assessed the students' satisfaction from the course.Materials and Methods: The intervention group comprised the forth-year students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Dental School and the controls were the forth year students of Shahid Beheshti Medical University. The questionnaire included questions on backgrounds, knowledge, attitude and practice of students towards preventive dentistry, and students' satisfaction from the course. The intervention was 17 weekly sessions (hours of the community oral health course. The sum of scores for questions on backgrounds, knowledge, attitude and practice were calculated and changes were analyzed by General Linear Model.Results: The mean baseline knowledge score in the intervention group was 16.9 (SD=4.0 and for the control group 16.3 (SD=3.5. Corresponding figures were 23.7 (SD=3.4 and 17 (SD=3.3 after intervention. General linear model showed the intervention to be successful in increasing the students' knowledge scores on preventive dentistry (P<0.0001. Most students (92% were satisfied with learning several new items during the course.Conclusion: The students' knowledge was successfully increased by passing the theoretical course of community oral health delivered by teacher-centered method of lecture. Student-centered methods may help in changing the students' attitude and practice of preventive dentistry.

Mehri Esfandiyar

2012-09-01

 
 
 
 
281

Nursing, knowledge and practice.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent commentators have suggested that academic knowledge is irrelevant to nursing practice and may actually undermine nursing's traditional caring ethos. Furthermore, by making nursing more academic, it is claimed that 'natural' but non-academic carers are prevented from pursuing a career in nursing. Debates about the relationship between nursing, knowledge and practice have a long history and have to be understood in terms of wider political and economic issues relating to nursing, its status within society and the changing role of nurses within the health services division of labour. One crucial issue is nursing's status as women's work. Critics of developments in nurse education draw an ideological equation between nursing work and the traditional female role. From this perspective the qualities that make a good nurse cannot be taught, rather they are founded on 'natural' feminine skills. Irrespective of whether caring is 'natural' or not, it is questionable as to whether, for today's nurses, being caring is sufficient. The shape of nursing jurisdiction is a long way removed from its origins in the Victorian middle-class household. In addition to their traditional caring role, contemporary nurses may also have complex clinical, management and research responsibilities, as well as being crucial coordinators of service provision. It is suggested that these and future developments in health services make the need for an educated nursing workforce even more pressing. In order to adequately prepare nurses for practice, however, it is vital that nurse education reflects the reality of service provision. PMID:10180381

Allen, D

1997-07-01

282

Assessment of the knowledge, attitude and practice of rural women of northeast Nigeria on risk factors associated with cancer of the Cervix  

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Full Text Available Cervical cancer is the leading cancer-related cause of death among women in Nigeria. An estimated 70,700 new cases occur each year, representing one quarter of all female cancers in sub Saharan Africa. The magnitude of the problem has been under recognised and under prioritised compared with the competing health priorities of infectious diseases such as HIV/ AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. Studies in the United States and Nigeria have indicated that the disease has the highest incidence among the lowest socio-economic groups especially residing in rural areas. The peak age for the disease has been shown to be within 35-45 years age group. Knowledge of the risk factors of the disease is deemed important in its early detection and prevention. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of rural women with cancer of the cervix. A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted among 1600 rural women aged 15-55 years (randomly selected from 28 villages who were interviewed using a structured questionnaire between April and June, 2010. The majority (82.2% were married before the age of 20 years and 19.3% before 15 years, 40% in polygamous union, 22.6% have had 2 or more sexual partners, 71.3% were primi and grand multiparous, 7.5% have had previous treatment for STIs and 10.1% were on various types of contraceptive. 454 (28.4% have heard of Ca cervix, 358 (22.4% knew the location of the cervix. 2.3% had Pap smear test of which 72.6% were within 2 years. The majority (89.9% will avail themselves for screening.

John S. Bimba

2013-08-01

283

Knowledge, attitude and practices of adults of the reproductive years on reproductive health matters, with emphasis on HIV infected people in a Caribbean society  

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Full Text Available Background: South and Southeast Asia represent the largest number of new HIV infections, while Sub-Saharan Africa represents the highest rate of new infections, followed by Latin America and the Caribbean. Yet no study that has emerged in the Caribbean has comprehensively examined young people’s sexual and reproductive health attitudes, knowledge and practices, comparing the result with those who are HIV infected. Aim: The present study examines core issues of sexual and reproductive health among youths, particularly with respect to HIV. Material and methods: The sample was 1,800 respondents ages 15-49 years. Multivariate logistic regressions were fitted using one outcome measure: self-reported confirmed positive HIV test results. Results: Almost 34% of the sample had been tested for HIV, and 16.9% had done this in the past 12 months. Only 0.2% of the sample knew that they were HIV positive and 4% had positive HIV test results when they did the test. Of those with a positive HIV test result, 58.1% were females. Approximately 16% of those with HIV have had an STI infection in the past, and 61% were actively practicing religion. The mean age of first sexual relations for the sample was 15.4 years (SD = 3.2 years, and 15.6 years for those infected with HIV. Four variables emerged as statistically significant factors of Jamaicans’ willingness to do an HIV test in the future. Conclusion: The findings of this research are far-reaching and can be used to guide public health policy formulation.

Paul A. Bourne

2010-08-01

284

Knowledge, attitude and practice towards HIV post-exposure prophylaxis of health professionals of Gimbi town in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study  

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Conclusion: In this study very low rate of PEP utilization up on exposure to HIV risk conditions was seen even though the significant proportion of these professionals had adequate knowledge and positive attitude toward PEP. Much work had to be done by policy makers to increase the uptake of the method by health care workers to mitigate the rising epidemic of HIV/AIDS in the country. [Int J Res Med Sci 2014; 2(2.000: 468-471

Gurmu Tesfaye

2014-04-01

285

Conocimientos, Actitudes y Prácticas sobre Dengue en Dos Barrios de Bucaramanga, Colombia Knowledge, attitudes and practice regarding Dengue in two neighborhoods in Bucaramanga, Colombia  

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Full Text Available Objetivo Identificar conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas sobre dengue para orientar medidas de prevención y control. Metodología Encuesta realizada, en dos barrios de alta incidencia de dengue en Bucaramanga, mayo de 2007, mediante visita domiciliaria. Se identificaron criaderos y se brindó educación sobre prevención y control. La información fue analizada en EPI-INFO. Resultados En 643 de las 780 viviendas (82,4 % se logró respuesta. La mayoría de los entrevistadas eran mujeres, 518 (80,6 %, con edad promedio 39,6 años, desviación estándar (DE 16,8, escolaridad 6,2 años (DE 3.5 y 5 habitantes por vivienda. En cuanto al dengue, 433 (67,3% lo describieron como una enfermedad: muy grave 545 (84,8 %, transmitida por zancudo 242 (37,6 % y producida por virus 59 (9,2 %. Síntomas reconocidos: fiebre 570 (88,6 %, vómito 352 (54,7 %, diarrea 275 (43,0 %, cefalea 243 (37,8 %, dolor óseo 196 (30,5 % y muscular 109 (17,0 %. Para prevenirlo: evitan agua estancada 288 (44,7 %, lavan la pila 174 (27,2 %, limpian la casa 101 (15,8 % y fumigan 91 (14,2 %. Cuando alguien tiene dengue: lo llevan al médico 410 (63,8 %, al hospital 129 (20,1 % o automedica 78 (12,0 %. El índice larvario fue de 26,1 % y en 8,4 % de las viviendas hubo casos de dengue el mes anterior a la encuesta. Discusión Los conocimientos sobre dengue son escasos, las actitudes favorables al control, pero las prácticas son insuficientes. Se requiere educar y empoderar la comunidad para que participe activamente en los programas de prevención y control.Objective Identifying knowledge, attitudes and practice regarding dengue control for guiding prevention and control measures. Methods A community survey was carried out using house inspection visits during May 2007 in two neighbourhoods in Bucaramanga having a high incidence of dengue. Mosquito breeding places were identified and education concerning dengue prevention and control measures was provided. EPI-INFO was used for analysing the information so collected. Results 643 of the 780 households (82.4% responded to the survey. Most people responding (518 were female (80.6%, average age being 39.6 (16.8 standard deviation (SD, average schooling lasted 6.2 years (3.5 SD and average household size was 5 people per house. Regarding dengue, 433 people (67.3% described it as being a very serious disease; 545 (84.8% stated that it was transmitted by a mosquito vector and 242 (37.6% said that it was produced by a virus 59 (9.2%. The symptoms recognised were: fever by 570 people (88.6%, vomiting by 352 (54.7%, diarrhoea by 275 (43.0%, headache by 243 (37.8%, bone pain by 196 (30.5% and muscle pain by 109 (17.0%. For prevention, 288 (44.7% avoided stagnant water, 174 (27.2% washed out their water tanks, 91 (14.2% fumigated and 101 (15.8% cleaned their houses. When anybody had dengue, 410 of them (63.8% would go to a doctor, 129 (20.1% would go to a hospital and 78 (12.0% would treat themselves. Larval rate was 26.6% and there had been cases of dengue in 8.4% of the households during the last month. Discussion Knowledge about dengue was sketchy. Attitudes were favourable regarding dengue control but preventative practice was inadequate. The community must be educated and empowered to ensure their active participation in prevention and control programmes.

Flor de María Cáceres-Manrique

2009-02-01

286

Nutritional knowledges, attitudes and practices in HIV patients who were receiving pharmacological treatment / CONOCIMIENTOS, ACTITUDES Y PRÁCTICAS ALIMENTARIAS EN PACIENTES DIAGNOSTICADOS CON VIH EN TRATAMIENTO FARMACOLÓGICO  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: English Abstract in spanish Antecedentes. Los hábitos alimentarios de esta población no ha sido materia de una amplia investigación, incluso concibiendo la importancia que tiene el estado nutricional en la evolución de la enfermedad y que este puede retardar el periodo de transición de la misma a etapas sintomáticas o la fase [...] SIDA. Objetivo. Describir los conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas alimentarias de los pacientes diagnosticados con la infección por VIH, asintomáticos, en fase clínica con tratamiento farmacológico. Material y métodos. Se realizó un estudio exploratorio descriptivo utilizando una encuesta de CAP que diligenciaron voluntariamente 108 pacientes en consulta externa ambulatoria de dos instituciones privadas de Bogotá. Resultados. Se analizaron 108 encuestas en tres componentes. Conocimientos: el 58,7% refirió haber recibido información acerca de cómo debe ser su alimentación; el 32,3% fue suministrado por nutricionista. La fibra es el principal componente que tienen en cuenta a la hora de escoger alimentos (65%) y la proteína la consideran como el nutriente más benéfico (52%). Actitudes: el 61,8% manifestaron que el diagnóstico dificulta la selección y compra de alimentos por falta de información. El apetito, luego de reflexionar sobre el diagnóstico no ha sufrido cambios en el 49,5% de los participantes. Prácticas: el 75% reconoció la importancia de consumir suplementos y complementos; tan solo el 35,7% los consume. Cuando compran alimentos industrializados, el 66,4% verifica la fecha de vencimiento y el rotulado nutricional. Conclusiones. Los alimentos que más consumen son aquellos que hacen parte de la canasta básica para la población colombiana; sus hábitos no difieren significativamente del resto de población. La información en alimentación y nutrición la obtienen de fuentes no profesionales. Se evidencia una regular remisión por el médico general o tratante hacia el profesional nutricionista. Es común la práctica de automedicación y dosificación en el uso y consumo de complementos y suplementos alimenticios. Abstract in english Background. Research related to nutritional habits during the asymptomatic phase of HIV has not been well documented or is very scarce; this would include understanding the importance of nutritional status regarding disease progression and that suitable nutritional status may slow transition to symp [...] tomatic stages or AIDS stage. No studies have yet been carried out in Colombia describing nutritional habits in HIV-positive patients who have been receiving pharmacological treatment; no records have thus been kept and no advances have been made regarding this topic. Objective. Describing nutritional knowledge, attitudes and practice in asymptomatic patients diagnosed as suffering from clinical phase HIV infection receiving pharmacological treatment. Materials and methods. A descriptive exploratory study was carried out using a care and prevention (CAP)-based approach; the survey was voluntarily filled out by 108 patients who were attending outpatient consultation in two private institutions in Bogotá. Results. Three components were analysed in the 108 surveys. Knowledge. 58.7% of the patients referred to having received information about what their diet should have been like; 32.3% had their diet supplied by a nutritionist. Fibre was the main component taken into account when choosing food (65%) and protein was considered to be the most beneficial nutrient (52%). Attitude: 61.8% of the patients stated that their diagnosis hampered selecting and buying food due to a lack of information. Appetite had not undergone changes in 49.5% of the participants following reflecting on their diagnosis. Practice. 75% of the patients recognised the importance of consuming nutritional supplements and complements; however, only 35.7% of them took them. When buying industrialised/processed food, 66.4% of the patients verified the products' expiry date and/or nutritional data on the label. Concl

Jhon Jairo, Bejarano-Roncancio; Ramírez, Martha Eugenia; Valerín, Saurith-López; Otto Alberto, Sussman-Peña.

287

Nutritional knowledges, attitudes and practices in HIV patients who were receiving pharmacological treatment / CONOCIMIENTOS, ACTITUDES Y PRÁCTICAS ALIMENTARIAS EN PACIENTES DIAGNOSTICADOS CON VIH EN TRATAMIENTO FARMACOLÓGICO  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: English Abstract in spanish Antecedentes. Los hábitos alimentarios de esta población no ha sido materia de una amplia investigación, incluso concibiendo la importancia que tiene el estado nutricional en la evolución de la enfermedad y que este puede retardar el periodo de transición de la misma a etapas sintomáticas o la fase [...] SIDA. Objetivo. Describir los conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas alimentarias de los pacientes diagnosticados con la infección por VIH, asintomáticos, en fase clínica con tratamiento farmacológico. Material y métodos. Se realizó un estudio exploratorio descriptivo utilizando una encuesta de CAP que diligenciaron voluntariamente 108 pacientes en consulta externa ambulatoria de dos instituciones privadas de Bogotá. Resultados. Se analizaron 108 encuestas en tres componentes. Conocimientos: el 58,7% refirió haber recibido información acerca de cómo debe ser su alimentación; el 32,3% fue suministrado por nutricionista. La fibra es el principal componente que tienen en cuenta a la hora de escoger alimentos (65%) y la proteína la consideran como el nutriente más benéfico (52%). Actitudes: el 61,8% manifestaron que el diagnóstico dificulta la selección y compra de alimentos por falta de información. El apetito, luego de reflexionar sobre el diagnóstico no ha sufrido cambios en el 49,5% de los participantes. Prácticas: el 75% reconoció la importancia de consumir suplementos y complementos; tan solo el 35,7% los consume. Cuando compran alimentos industrializados, el 66,4% verifica la fecha de vencimiento y el rotulado nutricional. Conclusiones. Los alimentos que más consumen son aquellos que hacen parte de la canasta básica para la población colombiana; sus hábitos no difieren significativamente del resto de población. La información en alimentación y nutrición la obtienen de fuentes no profesionales. Se evidencia una regular remisión por el médico general o tratante hacia el profesional nutricionista. Es común la práctica de automedicación y dosificación en el uso y consumo de complementos y suplementos alimenticios. Abstract in english Background. Research related to nutritional habits during the asymptomatic phase of HIV has not been well documented or is very scarce; this would include understanding the importance of nutritional status regarding disease progression and that suitable nutritional status may slow transition to symp [...] tomatic stages or AIDS stage. No studies have yet been carried out in Colombia describing nutritional habits in HIV-positive patients who have been receiving pharmacological treatment; no records have thus been kept and no advances have been made regarding this topic. Objective. Describing nutritional knowledge, attitudes and practice in asymptomatic patients diagnosed as suffering from clinical phase HIV infection receiving pharmacological treatment. Materials and methods. A descriptive exploratory study was carried out using a care and prevention (CAP)-based approach; the survey was voluntarily filled out by 108 patients who were attending outpatient consultation in two private institutions in Bogotá. Results. Three components were analysed in the 108 surveys. Knowledge. 58.7% of the patients referred to having received information about what their diet should have been like; 32.3% had their diet supplied by a nutritionist. Fibre was the main component taken into account when choosing food (65%) and protein was considered to be the most beneficial nutrient (52%). Attitude: 61.8% of the patients stated that their diagnosis hampered selecting and buying food due to a lack of information. Appetite had not undergone changes in 49.5% of the participants following reflecting on their diagnosis. Practice. 75% of the patients recognised the importance of consuming nutritional supplements and complements; however, only 35.7% of them took them. When buying industrialised/processed food, 66.4% of the patients verified the products' expiry date and/or nutritional data on the label. Concl

Jhon Jairo, Bejarano-Roncancio; Ramírez, Martha Eugenia; Valerín, Saurith-López; Otto Alberto, Sussman-Peña.

2011-06-01

288

Conocimientos, Actitudes y Prácticas sobre Dengue en Dos Barrios de Bucaramanga, Colombia / Knowledge, attitudes and practice regarding Dengue in two neighborhoods in Bucaramanga, Colombia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo Identificar conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas sobre dengue para orientar medidas de prevención y control. Metodología Encuesta realizada, en dos barrios de alta incidencia de dengue en Bucaramanga, mayo de 2007, mediante visita domiciliaria. Se identificaron criaderos y se brindó educaci [...] ón sobre prevención y control. La información fue analizada en EPI-INFO. Resultados En 643 de las 780 viviendas (82,4 %) se logró respuesta. La mayoría de los entrevistadas eran mujeres, 518 (80,6 %), con edad promedio 39,6 años, desviación estándar (DE) 16,8, escolaridad 6,2 años (DE 3.5) y 5 habitantes por vivienda. En cuanto al dengue, 433 (67,3%) lo describieron como una enfermedad: muy grave 545 (84,8 %), transmitida por zancudo 242 (37,6 %) y producida por virus 59 (9,2 %). Síntomas reconocidos: fiebre 570 (88,6 %), vómito 352 (54,7 %), diarrea 275 (43,0 %), cefalea 243 (37,8 %), dolor óseo 196 (30,5 %) y muscular 109 (17,0 %). Para prevenirlo: evitan agua estancada 288 (44,7 %), lavan la pila 174 (27,2 %), limpian la casa 101 (15,8 %) y fumigan 91 (14,2 %). Cuando alguien tiene dengue: lo llevan al médico 410 (63,8 %), al hospital 129 (20,1 %) o automedica 78 (12,0 %). El índice larvario fue de 26,1 % y en 8,4 % de las viviendas hubo casos de dengue el mes anterior a la encuesta. Discusión Los conocimientos sobre dengue son escasos, las actitudes favorables al control, pero las prácticas son insuficientes. Se requiere educar y empoderar la comunidad para que participe activamente en los programas de prevención y control. Abstract in english Objective Identifying knowledge, attitudes and practice regarding dengue control for guiding prevention and control measures. Methods A community survey was carried out using house inspection visits during May 2007 in two neighbourhoods in Bucaramanga having a high incidence of dengue. Mosquito bree [...] ding places were identified and education concerning dengue prevention and control measures was provided. EPI-INFO was used for analysing the information so collected. Results 643 of the 780 households (82.4%) responded to the survey. Most people responding (518) were female (80.6%), average age being 39.6 (16.8 standard deviation (SD)), average schooling lasted 6.2 years (3.5 SD) and average household size was 5 people per house. Regarding dengue, 433 people (67.3%) described it as being a very serious disease; 545 (84.8%) stated that it was transmitted by a mosquito vector and 242 (37.6%) said that it was produced by a virus 59 (9.2%). The symptoms recognised were: fever by 570 people (88.6%), vomiting by 352 (54.7%), diarrhoea by 275 (43.0%), headache by 243 (37.8%), bone pain by 196 (30.5%) and muscle pain by 109 (17.0%). For prevention, 288 (44.7%) avoided stagnant water, 174 (27.2%) washed out their water tanks, 91 (14.2%) fumigated and 101 (15.8%) cleaned their houses. When anybody had dengue, 410 of them (63.8%) would go to a doctor, 129 (20.1%) would go to a hospital and 78 (12.0%) would treat themselves. Larval rate was 26.6% and there had been cases of dengue in 8.4% of the households during the last month. Discussion Knowledge about dengue was sketchy. Attitudes were favourable regarding dengue control but preventative practice was inadequate. The community must be educated and empowered to ensure their active participation in prevention and control programmes.

Flor de María, Cáceres-Manrique; Celmira, Vesga-Gómez; Xiomara, Perea-Florez; Mónica, Ruitorte; Yves, Talbot.

289

Conocimientos, Actitudes y Prácticas sobre Dengue en Dos Barrios de Bucaramanga, Colombia / Knowledge, attitudes and practice regarding Dengue in two neighborhoods in Bucaramanga, Colombia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo Identificar conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas sobre dengue para orientar medidas de prevención y control. Metodología Encuesta realizada, en dos barrios de alta incidencia de dengue en Bucaramanga, mayo de 2007, mediante visita domiciliaria. Se identificaron criaderos y se brindó educaci [...] ón sobre prevención y control. La información fue analizada en EPI-INFO. Resultados En 643 de las 780 viviendas (82,4 %) se logró respuesta. La mayoría de los entrevistadas eran mujeres, 518 (80,6 %), con edad promedio 39,6 años, desviación estándar (DE) 16,8, escolaridad 6,2 años (DE 3.5) y 5 habitantes por vivienda. En cuanto al dengue, 433 (67,3%) lo describieron como una enfermedad: muy grave 545 (84,8 %), transmitida por zancudo 242 (37,6 %) y producida por virus 59 (9,2 %). Síntomas reconocidos: fiebre 570 (88,6 %), vómito 352 (54,7 %), diarrea 275 (43,0 %), cefalea 243 (37,8 %), dolor óseo 196 (30,5 %) y muscular 109 (17,0 %). Para prevenirlo: evitan agua estancada 288 (44,7 %), lavan la pila 174 (27,2 %), limpian la casa 101 (15,8 %) y fumigan 91 (14,2 %). Cuando alguien tiene dengue: lo llevan al médico 410 (63,8 %), al hospital 129 (20,1 %) o automedica 78 (12,0 %). El índice larvario fue de 26,1 % y en 8,4 % de las viviendas hubo casos de dengue el mes anterior a la encuesta. Discusión Los conocimientos sobre dengue son escasos, las actitudes favorables al control, pero las prácticas son insuficientes. Se requiere educar y empoderar la comunidad para que participe activamente en los programas de prevención y control. Abstract in english Objective Identifying knowledge, attitudes and practice regarding dengue control for guiding prevention and control measures. Methods A community survey was carried out using house inspection visits during May 2007 in two neighbourhoods in Bucaramanga having a high incidence of dengue. Mosquito bree [...] ding places were identified and education concerning dengue prevention and control measures was provided. EPI-INFO was used for analysing the information so collected. Results 643 of the 780 households (82.4%) responded to the survey. Most people responding (518) were female (80.6%), average age being 39.6 (16.8 standard deviation (SD)), average schooling lasted 6.2 years (3.5 SD) and average household size was 5 people per house. Regarding dengue, 433 people (67.3%) described it as being a very serious disease; 545 (84.8%) stated that it was transmitted by a mosquito vector and 242 (37.6%) said that it was produced by a virus 59 (9.2%). The symptoms recognised were: fever by 570 people (88.6%), vomiting by 352 (54.7%), diarrhoea by 275 (43.0%), headache by 243 (37.8%), bone pain by 196 (30.5%) and muscle pain by 109 (17.0%). For prevention, 288 (44.7%) avoided stagnant water, 174 (27.2%) washed out their water tanks, 91 (14.2%) fumigated and 101 (15.8%) cleaned their houses. When anybody had dengue, 410 of them (63.8%) would go to a doctor, 129 (20.1%) would go to a hospital and 78 (12.0%) would treat themselves. Larval rate was 26.6% and there had been cases of dengue in 8.4% of the households during the last month. Discussion Knowledge about dengue was sketchy. Attitudes were favourable regarding dengue control but preventative practice was inadequate. The community must be educated and empowered to ensure their active participation in prevention and control programmes.

Flor de María, Cáceres-Manrique; Celmira, Vesga-Gómez; Xiomara, Perea-Florez; Mónica, Ruitorte; Yves, Talbot.

290

Health professionals' knowledge, attitude and practices towards pharmacovigilance in Nepal / Conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas de los profesionales de la salud hacia la farmacovigilancia en Nepal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish La farmacovigilancia puede ser útil para proteger a los consumidores de los efectos dañinos de los medicamentos. Los profesionales de la salud deberían considerar la comunicación de reacciones adversas de medicamentos (RAM) como una obligación profesional y deberían conocer los mecanismos de farmaco [...] vigilancia que existen en sus países. En Nepal, las actividades de farmacovigilancia comenzaron en 2004. Objetivos: El presente estudio evaluó el conocimiento, actitudes y prácticas (KAP) de los profesionales de la salud hacia las RAM y la farmacovigilancia en el Hospital Universitario de Manipal (MTH), un hospital universitario terciario ligado al centro regional de farmacovigilancia del Oeste de Nepal. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal en 2007 usando un cuestionario pre-evaluado (alfa de Cronbach=0,72) que tenía 25 preguntas (15 sobre conocimiento, 5 sobre actitudes y 5 sobre práctica). A las preguntas correctas se les dio una puntuación de "2' y a las respuestas incorrectas/negativas se les dio un "1', con una puntuación máxima de 50. Resultados: Se obtuvieron un total de 131 respuestas de las que 42 estaban incompletas y las restantes 89 se analizaron [49 mujeres (55,1%)]. De los 89 profesionales, 29 (33,6%) eran médicos, 46 (51,8%= enfermeras y 14 (15,7%) farmacéuticos. La media de edad era de 28,32 años (DE=8,46) y la media (rango intercuartílico) de la duración en el servicio fue 14,5 meses (6-36). Las puntuaciones totales de KAP fueron 40,06 (DE=3,51) para médicos, 39,92 (DE=4,83) para farmacéuticos y 35,82 (DE=3,75) para enfermeras. Entre los 89 profesionales, 59 (62,3%) no comunicaron ni una sola RAM al centro de farmacovigilancia. Conclusión: Los profesionales de la saludo del MTH tienen pobre KAP sobre las RAM y la farmacovigilancia, y se necesita una intervención educativa y sobre el conocimiento para estos profesionales. Abstract in english Pharmacovigilance can be helpful in protecting consumers from harmful effects of medicines. Healthcare professionals should consider Adverse Drug Reaction (ADR) reporting as their professional obligation and should be aware of the existing pharmacovigilance mechanisms in their countries. In Nepal, p [...] harmacovigilance activities were initiated in 2004. Objectives: The present study evaluated the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of the healthcare professionals towards ADRs and pharmacovigilance in Manipal Teaching Hospital (MTH), a tertiary care teaching hospital attached to the regional pharmacovigilance center in western Nepal. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 2007 using a pretested (Cronbach alpha=0.72) questionnaire having 25 questions (15 questions on knowledge, 5 on attitude and 5 on practice). The correct/positive responses were given a score of "2' and the wrong/negative responses "1', maximum possible score of "50'. Results: A total of 131 responses were obtained among which 42 were incomplete and remaining 89 [females 49 (55.1%)] were analyzed. Of the 89 professionals, 29 (32.6%) were doctors, 46 (51.8) nurses and 14 (15.7%) pharmacists. The mean age was 28.32 (SD=8.46) years and the median (interquartile range) of duration of the service 14.5 (6-36) months. The total KAP scores was 40.06 (SD=3.51) for doctors, 38.92 (SD=4.83) for pharmacists, and 35.82 (SD=3.75) for nurses. Among the 89 professionals, 59 (62.3%) had not reported even a single ADR to the pharmacovigilance center. Conclusion: The healthcare professionals at the MTH had a poor KAP towards ADRs and pharmacovigilance and there is a need for educational and awareness intervention for these professionals.

S., Palaian; M.I., Ibrahim; P., Mishra.

2011-12-01

291

Knowledge, attitudes, practices, and barriers reported by patients receiving diabetes and hypertension primary health care in Barbados: a focus group study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Deficiencies in the quality of diabetes and hypertension primary care and outcomes have been documented in Barbados. This study aimed to explore the knowledge, attitudes and practices, and the barriers faced by people with diabetes and hypertension in Barbados that might contribute to these deficiencies. Methods Five structured focus groups were conducted for randomly selected people with diabetes and hypertension. Results Twenty-one patients (5 diabetic, 5 hypertensive, and 11 with both diseases with a mean age of 59 years attended 5 focus group sessions. Patient factors that affected care included the difficulty in maintaining behaviour change. Practitioner factors included not considering the "whole person" and patient expectations, and not showing enough respect for patients. Health care system factors revolved around the amount of time spent accessing care because of long waiting times in public sector clinics and pharmacies. Society related barriers included the high cost and limited availability of appropriate food, the availability of exercise facilities, stigma of disease and difficulty taking time off work. Attendees were not familiar with guidelines for diabetes and hypertension management, but welcomed a patient version detailing a place to record results, the frequency of tests, and blood pressure and blood glucose targets. Appropriate education from practitioners during consultations, while waiting in clinic, through support and education groups, and for the general public through the schools, mass media and billboards were recommended. Conclusions Primary care providers should take a more patient centred approach to the care of those with diabetes and hypertension. The care system should provide better service by reducing waiting times. Patient self-management could be encouraged by a patient version of care guidelines and greater educational efforts.

Adams O Peter

2011-12-01

292

A study on the Rate of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Medical Students towards Method of Medical Records Documentation at Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences Affiliated Therapeutic and Teaching Centers 2003  

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Full Text Available Background and Objectives: History, clinical findings, procedures undertaken, and patients response to treatment are written in clinical records, hence their contents are indicators of physicians’ evaluation. If clinical records are provided precisely, clear and systematized, they indicate the clinical thinking of the staff and facilitate patients diagnosis process. These records have an important role in coordinating professional staff involved in patient care. Since the physicians and medical students are involved more in medical records documentation than the other hospital staff, thus, a study on their knowledge, attitude and practice towards the principles of medical records documentation is undertaken.Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive study, which is done about the rate of knowledge, attitude and practice of 207 Medical students of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences in university hospitals. Descriptive and inferential statistical analytic methods were used for the collected data. For comparison of the hospitals, regarding observing designed principals in the completion of medical files, according to the filled questionnaires the minimum and maximum score designated as 1-5 which is very poor to excellent. Then the mean score was calculated and considered for the comparison of hospitals. For the determination of the relationship between knowledge, attitude, and practice, ? Kendall’s Tau Test was used.Results: The majority of the participants had low knowledge (77.8% about medical records documentation. Most of them did not have good attitude (54.1 about completion of medical records and significance and value of medical records documentation in treatment, education, and research.Conclusion: Results indicate that incompletion of medical records at the university affiliated hospitals are due to lack of awareness of the students towards the method of medical records documentation. In addition, not considering the completion of records in evaluation of the students can affect their practice

A. Balaghafari

2005-01-01

293

Locus of control and contraceptive knowledge, attitude and practice among university students Locus de control y conocimiento, actitud y práctica contraceptivas entre adolescentes universitarios Lócus de controle e conhecimento, atitude e prática contraceptivas entre adolescentes universitários  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between locus of control and knowledge, attitude and practice regarding pill and condom use among university students. METHODS: The inquiry was developed in Campinas, a city in Southeastern Brazil, in 2006. A total of 295 adolescent newcomers to a public university answered a structured questionnaire and Levenson's multidimensional locus of control scale. The scores of the dimensions of locus of control were calculated and Spearman's correlation coefficie...

Aline Salheb Alves; Maria Helena Baena de Moraes Lopes

2010-01-01

294

Conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas acerca del dengue en un barrio de Asunción / Knowledge, attitudes and practices about dengue in a district of Asunción  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Resumen La segunda epidemia del dengue clásico se inició en Paraguay a partir de febrero de 1999. En marzo de 2000 se establece un plan de emergencia interinstitucional por decreto del Poder Ejecutivo. Objetivo: determinar los conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas que poseen los pobladores del barrio [...] San Pablo de la ciudad de Asunción acerca del control de los mosquitos y del dengue. Material y Método: estudio observacional, descriptivo, aplicado a residentes adultos del barrio San Pablo, a través de una encuesta durante los meses de marzo y abril/2000. El muestreo fue por conglomerados en una sola etapa. La selección de las manzanas se realizó en forma aleatoria para un n=187 viviendas, y una prevalencia esperada del 50%, con un nivel de confianza del 95%. Resultados: La prevalencia de la enfermedad fue del 41,2%. De este grupo el 66,2% el diagnóstico fue médico y el 33,8% fue empírico. El 96,8% conocía la presencia actual de una epidemia de dengue y que los mosquitos podían transmitir enfermedades. El 89% no estaba organizada en su comunidad para luchar contra el dengue; el 61,8% cumplió con las medidas higiénicas de prevención, y en el 36,2% no se constató prácticas de medidas higiénicas de prevención en el hogar. Acerca del conocimiento para eliminar los criaderos de mosquitos, el 88,2% respondió adecuadamente y el 11,2% tuvo conocimiento incompleto sobre estas medidas higiénicas. Al ser indagados dónde depositaban sus huevos los mosquitos, el 70,1% respondió "en cualquier lugar donde esté un depósito de agua limpia y estancada", y el 18,7% "en los lugares donde se arrojan los desechos". El 24,6% de la población entrevistada supo que los mosquitos podían transmitir tres enfermedades, el 85,1% incluyó al dengue en sus respuestas y el 14,4% desconoció las enfermedades transmitidas por los mosquitos. Conclusiones: 1) La población estudiada posee conocimientos adecuados con respecto a las características del dengue y el control de los mosquitos. 2) Existe escasa participación en actividades comunitarias. 3) Los conocimientos (información) adecuados no necesariamente derivan en prácticas preventivas Abstract in english The second epidemic of dengue (classic form) began in Paraguay in february 1999. An Interinstitutional Emergency Plan was set up by 2 Government decree in march 2000. Goal: To assess the knowledge attitudes and practices lo control dengue among the inhabitants of the San Pablo neighbourhood in Asunc [...] ion. Material and method: Descriptive study on adult residents of the San Pablo neighbourhood, through a poll during march and april 2000. The sampling was made in one step by conglomerates. Blocks were selected randomly for n= 187 homes, with an expected prevalence of 50% and a confidence level of 95%. Results: Prevalence of the disease was 41.2%. Physicians in 62% of the cases made diagnosis, while 33.8% were empirically diagnosed. 96.8% were aware of the current epidemic of dengue and that mosquitoes could transmit epidemic of dengue and that mosquitoes could transmit diseases. 89% were not community organized to fight against dengue. 61.8% observed the hygienic preventive measures, while 36.2% didn’t. On the knowledge about how to eradicate mosquitoes lay their eggs, 70.1% answered «wherever there are clean and still waters» and 18.7% «in dumping places». 24.6% knew that mosquitoes could transmit three diseases, 85.1% included dengue in their answers, while 14.4% didn’t know any disease transmitted by mosquitoes. Conclusions: 1) The surveyed population has adequate knowledge on dengue and mosquito control. 2) Communal activities and participation are scarce. 3) Adequate knowledge (information) doesn’t mean necessarily preventive practices implementation

S, Benítez-Leite; ML, Machi; E, Gibert; K, Rivarola.

295

Conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas acerca del dengue en un barrio de Asunción Knowledge, attitudes and practices about dengue in a district of Asunción  

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Full Text Available Resumen La segunda epidemia del dengue clásico se inició en Paraguay a partir de febrero de 1999. En marzo de 2000 se establece un plan de emergencia interinstitucional por decreto del Poder Ejecutivo. Objetivo: determinar los conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas que poseen los pobladores del barrio San Pablo de la ciudad de Asunción acerca del control de los mosquitos y del dengue. Material y Método: estudio observacional, descriptivo, aplicado a residentes adultos del barrio San Pablo, a través de una encuesta durante los meses de marzo y abril/2000. El muestreo fue por conglomerados en una sola etapa. La selección de las manzanas se realizó en forma aleatoria para un n=187 viviendas, y una prevalencia esperada del 50%, con un nivel de confianza del 95%. Resultados: La prevalencia de la enfermedad fue del 41,2%. De este grupo el 66,2% el diagnóstico fue médico y el 33,8% fue empírico. El 96,8% conocía la presencia actual de una epidemia de dengue y que los mosquitos podían transmitir enfermedades. El 89% no estaba organizada en su comunidad para luchar contra el dengue; el 61,8% cumplió con las medidas higiénicas de prevención, y en el 36,2% no se constató prácticas de medidas higiénicas de prevención en el hogar. Acerca del conocimiento para eliminar los criaderos de mosquitos, el 88,2% respondió adecuadamente y el 11,2% tuvo conocimiento incompleto sobre estas medidas higiénicas. Al ser indagados dónde depositaban sus huevos los mosquitos, el 70,1% respondió "en cualquier lugar donde esté un depósito de agua limpia y estancada", y el 18,7% "en los lugares donde se arrojan los desechos". El 24,6% de la población entrevistada supo que los mosquitos podían transmitir tres enfermedades, el 85,1% incluyó al dengue en sus respuestas y el 14,4% desconoció las enfermedades transmitidas por los mosquitos. Conclusiones: 1 La población estudiada posee conocimientos adecuados con respecto a las características del dengue y el control de los mosquitos. 2 Existe escasa participación en actividades comunitarias. 3 Los conocimientos (información adecuados no necesariamente derivan en prácticas preventivasThe second epidemic of dengue (classic form began in Paraguay in february 1999. An Interinstitutional Emergency Plan was set up by 2 Government decree in march 2000. Goal: To assess the knowledge attitudes and practices lo control dengue among the inhabitants of the San Pablo neighbourhood in Asuncion. Material and method: Descriptive study on adult residents of the San Pablo neighbourhood, through a poll during march and april 2000. The sampling was made in one step by conglomerates. Blocks were selected randomly for n= 187 homes, with an expected prevalence of 50% and a confidence level of 95%. Results: Prevalence of the disease was 41.2%. Physicians in 62% of the cases made diagnosis, while 33.8% were empirically diagnosed. 96.8% were aware of the current epidemic of dengue and that mosquitoes could transmit epidemic of dengue and that mosquitoes could transmit diseases. 89% were not community organized to fight against dengue. 61.8% observed the hygienic preventive measures, while 36.2% didn’t. On the knowledge about how to eradicate mosquitoes lay their eggs, 70.1% answered «wherever there are clean and still waters» and 18.7% «in dumping places». 24.6% knew that mosquitoes could transmit three diseases, 85.1% included dengue in their answers, while 14.4% didn’t know any disease transmitted by mosquitoes. Conclusions: 1 The surveyed population has adequate knowledge on dengue and mosquito control. 2 Communal activities and participation are scarce. 3 Adequate knowledge (information doesn’t mean necessarily preventive practices implementation

S Benítez-Leite

2002-01-01

296

College Students' Attitudes and Knowledge Regarding AIDS.  

Science.gov (United States)

Attitudes and knowledge regarding Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) of 498 college students enrolled at California State University, Dominguez Hills were surveyed. The AIDS Opinion and Information Surveys were administered to subjects between the ages of 18 and 46+, with 81.5% being below the age of 32. The 19-item Opinion survey uses a…

Goggin, Kathy

297

KAP STUDY: KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND PRACTICE OF THE ADULT INHABITANTS AS IMPORTANT REASONS FOR THE OCCURRENCE OF THE LEADING INFECTIOUS DISEASES IN THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA  

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Full Text Available Acute infectious diseases are the main problem in undeveloped countries, but still an important sociomedical problem in the developed world, due to high morbidity and mortality rates, economical losses and the suffering they cause. The aim of this study was to determine specific risk factors connected with knowledge, attitudes and practice (KAP study of adult inhabitants of the Republic of Serbia, which contribute to the appearance of infectious diseases according to territory (Belgrade, Vojvodina and Central Serbia, gender and age. The research on health conditions, health needs and utilization of health care of the population of Serbia were realized by the Public Health Institute of Serbia ‘Dr Milan Jovanovic Batut’, all IPHs in Serbia, WHO and UNICEF. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 9921 persons (52% women and 48% men. Hygienic habits were on the higher level in the population of Belgrade and Vojvodina compared to the Central Serbia: washing hands before meal (88,5:90,6:87,5%, p < 0,00046, on entering home (83,1:68,6:67,5%, p < 0,50, before using the toilet (50,8:46,9:40,1%, p < 00000, after using the toilet (92,3:93,7:91,4%, p < 0,0031. Before meal, 11, 5% of adults wash hands almost never or sometimes; on coming home every third person does not wash hands, before using the toilet more than 50%, and after using the toilet almost 8%. In this way, some intestinal infectious diseases and sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhoea, syphilis, HPV can be disseminated. Women have better hygienic habits than men, and younger persons have better hygienic habits than older persons. Every fifth man and every fourth woman does not accept personal responsibility for health. Habits and behavior that decrease individual immunity presented in high percent of the population of Serbia are: inappropriate eating habits, tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, stress (63,5% women and 53,3% men; only 7,9% women and 15,2% men use condom regularly for protection of STD and AIDS. The level of disease prevention knowledge is low. Utilization of health services is mostly present in the cases of illnes (44,1% and for preventive purposes in minor percent (29,9%.

Branislav Petrovic

2006-01-01

298

Occupational exposures to blood and body fluids (BBF: Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice among health care workers in general hospitals in Lebanon  

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Full Text Available Healthcare workers (HCWs who are employed in traditional health care workplaces face a serious danger that may threaten their life; it is their exposure to blood and body fluids (BBF. In Lebanon, the introduction of a hospital accreditation system has put a particular emphasis on staff safety, and on the evaluation of professional practice (EPP programs. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted amongst 277 HCWs working in 4 general hospitals in South Lebanon. Objective: 1 describe the prevalence and the risk factors for occupational exposure to BBF among HCWs; 2 evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practices of HCW concerning blood-borne pathogens and adherence to universal safety precautions. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 32.14 years (SD = 10.33, 57.4% were females. 43.3% of HCWs expressed that they use gloves all the time for every activeity of care. 67.1% were aware that needles should not be recapped after use; registered nurses and nursing students were more aware than physicians and nursing assistants (nurse in this subject. 30% of HCWs declared having had at least one occupational exposure to BBF; 62.7% of all accidental exposure was reported to the department responsible for managing exposures. Percutaneous injuries were the most frequently reported. Vaccination coverage was 88.4% for hepatitis B, and 48.4% against influenza. The source patient was tested in 43.4% of reported BBF exposures. Accidental exposure to BBF was more frequent in older people (OR = 3.42; p = 0.03 and the more experienced. Subjects working in intensive care unit ward reported more exposure to BBF (OR = 3; p = 0.04. Participants incurring exposure to BBF resorted to different measures after the injury suggesting a lack of a uniform policy for post-exposure prophylaxis. Conclusion: Exposure to BBF represents an important and frequently preventable occupational hazard for HCWs in Lebanon that requires continuous EPP of HCWs, and a comprehensive approach for prevention and management.

Ibtissam Sabbah

2013-01-01

299

Conhecimento, atitude e prática sobre o exame papanicolaou de prostitutas / Prostitutes' knowledge, attitude and practice concerning the papanicolaou test / Conocimiento, actitud y prática sobre el papanicolau de prostitutas  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Relações com múltiplos parceiros e não utilização do preservativo pelas prostitutas comprometem sua saúde sexual e reprodutiva. Objetivou-se no estudo identificar fatores de risco comportamentais associados ao câncer de colo uterino entre as prostitutas de Picos-PI e avaliar o conhecimento, a atitud [...] e e a prática dessas mulheres em relação ao exame Papanicolaou. Estudo exploratório e descritivo, realizado com 77 mulheres nos seus locais de trabalho, em setembro-outubro de 2010. Observou-se que existem riscos ligados à saúde sexual e reprodutiva que podem propiciar o câncer de colo uterino. Há inadequação no conhecimento, porém a atitude é apropriada, pois a quase totalidade (97,4%) afirmou que faria o exame Papanicolaou com maior frequência. Portanto, é necessário engajamento dos enfermeiros na formulação de estratégias educativas que minimizem o déficit de conhecimento da população estudada sobre Papanicolaou. Abstract in spanish Al mantener relaciones con múltiples parejas y no usar preservativo, las prostitutas ponen en peligro su salud sexual y reproductiva. El objetivo del estudio fue identificar los factores de riesgo de comportamiento asociados con el cáncer de cuello uterino entre prostitutas de Picos-PI y evaluar los [...] conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas en relación de estas mujeres con relación al Papanicolaou. Estudio exploratorio y descriptivo, realizado con 77 mujeres en sus lugares de trabajo, en septiembre/octubre de 2010. Se observó que existen riesgos directamente relacionados con la salud sexual y reproductiva de prostitutas que pueden promover la aparición del cáncer del cuello uterino. Hay una falta de conocimiento, pero la actitud es apropiada, porque casi todos dijeron que harían el examen de Papanicolaou con más frecuencia, 75 (97,4%). Por lo tanto, es necesaria la participación de las enfermeras en formulación de estrategias educativas que reduzcan al mínimo el déficit de conocimiento de la población estudiada sobre el Papanicolaou. Abstract in english Prostitutes' sexual relations with multiple partners and failure to use condoms compromise their sexual and reproductive health. This study aimed to identify behavioral risk factors associated with cervical cancer among prostitutes in Picos in the state of Piauí (PI) and to evaluate these women's kn [...] owledge, attitude and practice in relation to the Papanicolaou test. This study is exploratory and descriptive and was undertaken with 77 women in their workplaces in September - October 2010. Risks were observed linked to sexual and reproductive health which can lead to cervical cancer. Their knowledge is inadequate, but the attitude is appropriate, as nearly all (97.4%) asserted that they would undertake the Papanicolaou test with greater frequency. It is therefore necessary for the nurses to engage in the formulation of educational strategies which may minimize the knowledge deficit of the population studied in relation to the Papanicolaou test.

Érica de Alencar Rodrigues, Neri; Maria Sauanna Sany de, Moura; Jardeliny Corrêa da, Penha; Thaís Gomes Oliveira dos, Reis; Priscila de Souza, Aquino; Ana Karina Bezerra, Pinheiro.

2013-09-01

300

Conhecimento, atitude e prática sobre o exame papanicolaou de prostitutas / Prostitutes' knowledge, attitude and practice concerning the papanicolaou test / Conocimiento, actitud y prática sobre el papanicolau de prostitutas  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Relações com múltiplos parceiros e não utilização do preservativo pelas prostitutas comprometem sua saúde sexual e reprodutiva. Objetivou-se no estudo identificar fatores de risco comportamentais associados ao câncer de colo uterino entre as prostitutas de Picos-PI e avaliar o conhecimento, a atitud [...] e e a prática dessas mulheres em relação ao exame Papanicolaou. Estudo exploratório e descritivo, realizado com 77 mulheres nos seus locais de trabalho, em setembro-outubro de 2010. Observou-se que existem riscos ligados à saúde sexual e reprodutiva que podem propiciar o câncer de colo uterino. Há inadequação no conhecimento, porém a atitude é apropriada, pois a quase totalidade (97,4%) afirmou que faria o exame Papanicolaou com maior frequência. Portanto, é necessário engajamento dos enfermeiros na formulação de estratégias educativas que minimizem o déficit de conhecimento da população estudada sobre Papanicolaou. Abstract in spanish Al mantener relaciones con múltiples parejas y no usar preservativo, las prostitutas ponen en peligro su salud sexual y reproductiva. El objetivo del estudio fue identificar los factores de riesgo de comportamiento asociados con el cáncer de cuello uterino entre prostitutas de Picos-PI y evaluar los [...] conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas en relación de estas mujeres con relación al Papanicolaou. Estudio exploratorio y descriptivo, realizado con 77 mujeres en sus lugares de trabajo, en septiembre/octubre de 2010. Se observó que existen riesgos directamente relacionados con la salud sexual y reproductiva de prostitutas que pueden promover la aparición del cáncer del cuello uterino. Hay una falta de conocimiento, pero la actitud es apropiada, porque casi todos dijeron que harían el examen de Papanicolaou con más frecuencia, 75 (97,4%). Por lo tanto, es necesaria la participación de las enfermeras en formulación de estrategias educativas que reduzcan al mínimo el déficit de conocimiento de la población estudiada sobre el Papanicolaou. Abstract in english Prostitutes' sexual relations with multiple partners and failure to use condoms compromise their sexual and reproductive health. This study aimed to identify behavioral risk factors associated with cervical cancer among prostitutes in Picos in the state of Piauí (PI) and to evaluate these women's kn [...] owledge, attitude and practice in relation to the Papanicolaou test. This study is exploratory and descriptive and was undertaken with 77 women in their workplaces in September - October 2010. Risks were observed linked to sexual and reproductive health which can lead to cervical cancer. Their knowledge is inadequate, but the attitude is appropriate, as nearly all (97.4%) asserted that they would undertake the Papanicolaou test with greater frequency. It is therefore necessary for the nurses to engage in the formulation of educational strategies which may minimize the knowledge deficit of the population studied in relation to the Papanicolaou test.

Érica de Alencar Rodrigues, Neri; Maria Sauanna Sany de, Moura; Jardeliny Corrêa da, Penha; Thaís Gomes Oliveira dos, Reis; Priscila de Souza, Aquino; Ana Karina Bezerra, Pinheiro.

 
 
 
 
301

Plants Have a Chance: Outdoor Educational Programmes Alter Students' Knowledge and Attitudes towards Plants  

Science.gov (United States)

Outdoor educational programmes are generally believed to be a suitable alternative to conventional biology settings that improve participants' environmental attitudes and knowledge. Here we examine whether outdoor educational programmes focused solely on practical work with plants influence participants' knowledge of and attitudes towards plants.…

Fancovicova, Jana; Prokop, Pavol

2011-01-01

302

Complementary and alternative medicine: nurses' attitudes and knowledge.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite significant evidence for the integration of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) into professional nursing practice, gaps exist regarding nurses' baseline knowledge, beliefs of efficacy, and learning needs for further education to facilitate the integration of CAM into nursing practice. The top three conditions which adults identified for using CAM were back pain, neck pain, and joint pain. CAM can offer nurses additional treatment options for managing their patients' pain and discomfort. The California Board of Registered Nursing (BRN) identifies that nurses can help provide the missing link between conventional Western medicine and CAM therapies. Nurses cannot successfully advocate for CAM therapies, nor understand their patients' prior use of such treatments, unless they themselves are familiar with both the risks and the benefits of these practices. It is necessary to first establish nurses' baseline knowledge and beliefs related to CAM so that adequate educational programs can be initiated to help mitigate the barriers to incorporating CAM into the acute care setting. This descriptive study explores registered nurses' attitudes and knowledge related to CAM by using the Nurse Complementary and Alternative Medicine Nursing Knowledge and Attitudes Survey developed by Rojas-Cooley and Grant. Nurses in this study demonstrated limited self-reported knowledge of basic CAM terminology and CAM practices. PMID:24315251

Trail-Mahan, Tracy; Mao, Chia-Ling; Bawel-Brinkley, Karen

2013-12-01

303

A cross-sectional survey to evaluate knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP regarding seasonal influenza vaccination among European travellers to resource-limited destinations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Influenza is one of the most common vaccine-preventable diseases in travellers. By performing two cross-sectional questionnaire surveys during winter 2009 and winter 2010 among European travellers to resource-limited destinations, we aimed to investigate knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP regarding seasonal influenza vaccination. Methods Questionnaires were distributed in the waiting room to the visitors of the University of Zurich Centre for Travel' Health (CTH in January and February 2009 and January 2010 prior to travel health counselling (CTH09 and CTH10. Questions included demographic data, travel-related characteristics and KAP regarding influenza vaccination. Data were analysed by using SPSS® version 14.0 for Windows. Differences in proportions were compared using the Chi-square test and the significance level was set at p ? 0.05. Predictors for seasonal and pandemic influenza vaccination were determined by multiple logistic regression analyses. Results With a response rate of 96.6%, 906 individuals were enrolled and 868 (92.5% provided complete data. Seasonal influenza vaccination coverage was 13.7% (n = 119. Only 43 (14.2% participants were vaccinated against pandemic influenza A/H1N1, mostly having received both vaccines simultaneously, the seasonal and pandemic one. Job-related purposes (44, 37%, age > 64 yrs (25, 21% and recommendations of the family physician (27, 22.7% were the most often reported reasons for being vaccinated. In the multiple logistic regression analyses of the pooled data increasing age (OR = 1.03, 95% CI 1.01 - 1.04, a business trip (OR = 0.39, 95% CI 0.17 - 0.92 and seasonal influenza vaccination in the previous winter seasons (OR = 12.91, 95% CI 8.09 - 20.58 were independent predictors for seasonal influenza vaccination in 2009 or 2010. Influenza vaccination recommended by the family doctor (327, 37.7%, travel to regions with known high risk of influenza (305, 35.1%, and influenza vaccination required for job purposes (233, 26.8% were most frequently mentioned to consider influenza vaccination. Conclusions Risk perception and vaccination coverage concerning seasonal and pandemic influenza was very poor among travellers to resource-limited destinations when compared to traditional at-risk groups. Previous access to influenza vaccination substantially facilitated vaccinations in the subsequent year. Information strategies about influenza should be intensified and include health professionals, e.g. family physicians, travel medicine practitioners and business enterprises.

Szucs Thomas D

2010-07-01

304

Knowledge and Attitudes of Women regarding AID  

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Full Text Available This study investigated the knowledge and attitudes in relation to AIDS in women over 50 years of age. The study included women from the Center for the Study of the Elderly - NETI, of the Federal University of Santa Catarina - UFSC. To achieve the proposed objectives, a descriptive-exploratory qualitative approach was chosen. A semi-structured interview was used as the data collection technique. It was identified that knowledge about AIDS and risk attitudes toward the disease, arise from the permanence of the concept of risk groups, from the dynamics of power inherent in gender relationships in our society, and from the lack of effectiveness and sustainability of public policies on AIDS prevention which effectively reach this segment of the population, as well as a lack of strategies to effectively make such policies operational.

Elza Berger Salema Coelho

2011-01-01

305

Knowledge and Attitudes of Physicians about Lipids  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A sample of 323 physicians from Edmonton, Alberta, was surveyed to evaluate their attitudes and knowledge level concerning heart disease and lipids. Of the sample, 117 physicians returned the questionnaire. When asked to choose significant risk factors of cardiovascular disease, 69% of the physicians indicated hypertension; 85% indicated smoking; and 87% indicated elevated serum cholesterol. Concerning the minimal low-density lipoprotein level that warrants treatment, 82% of the general pract...

Macdonald, Neil; Daub, Bill

1990-01-01

306

Knowledge and Attitude of a Group of Dentists Towards the Topics of a Course on Principles of Successful Dental Practice Management  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and Aims: The aim of the present study was to investigate self-perceived need to learn practice management and self reported knowledge in this regard among dentists. Materials and Methods: A group of five academic staff members of Community Oral Health Department (Tehran Dental School and four dentists formed an expert panel to develop the content of the course. This group developed a list of topics related to principles of successful dental practice. To investigate the necessity of educating the topics and self-assessed knowledge of the topics, a questionnaire was designed and administered to 55 volunteer dentists. Forty six dentists completed the questionnaire. T-test and Chi-square test were used for statistical analyses. Results: Totally more than two-third of the dentists believed that a huge need exists for education of all the topics. The corresponded figure for such topics as ergonomics and medical emergencies was about 90%. About 80% of the dentists felt that they had a vast knowledge of safety and infection control. On the other hand, 54.3% of them reported weak knowledge regarding professional rules and regulations. Self-reported educational need and knowledge of the dentists did not show significant association with their age, gender, and work experience(P>0.05. Conclusion: The dentists believed in the necessity of educating such topics and evaluated their knowledge as deficient in these areas. This shows the necessity of developing courses on these topics.

Simin Zahra Mohebbi

2012-02-01

307

Professional knowledge and interprofessional practice  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Interprofessional education (IPE) is well-established in the professional discipline of radiography and other health and social care professions, driven by central government policies promoting interprofessional, collaborative working. The development of an appropriate knowledge base for interprofessional work is therefore important and, as a starting point, the article investigates the concept and significance of professional knowledge as a means to unravel and shed light on the potential emergence of a new body of knowledge, 'interprofessional knowledge'. The paper discusses whether the term 'interprofessional knowledge' (IPK) is meaningful and its utility for interprofessional practice, arguing that such knowledge is located within the discourse of interprofessional learning and practice. As such it is fluid and contextualised. The implications of this for all health and social care professionals, including radiographers, are elaborated to assist in future curriculum development and enhance understanding of the knowledge that underpins effective, collaborative, interprofessional practice. The paper concludes by suggesting there are a number of key implications for professional practice namely, IPE cannot teach interprofessional knowledge, rather it should facilitate interprofessional practice, through which such knowledge is construed, and person-centred care can be more effectively achieved. Second, interprofessional practice is highly contextualised by practice sice is highly contextualised by practice setting and point of service delivery. Any attempt to decontextualise it for the purpose of curriculum development would be illogical; interprofessional knowledge is in a symbiotic relationship with its prior professional knowledge. Third, the organisation of IPE would be better driven by alliances of complementary professions in order to maximise its potential effectiveness and credibility with practitioners

308

Transcultural nursing with Native Americans: critical knowledge, skills, and attitudes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Native American nurses are in an ideal position to articulate how to serve Native people in ways that respect indigenous cultures. Forty Native American nurses and nursing students completed a survey on knowledge, skills, and attitudes/values necessary for culturally competent service provision to Native patients. Four knowledge themes, four skill themes, and three attitude/value themes were identified. Nurses must know about and show respect for the culture and history of Native groups, including culturally specific health beliefs and healing practices. Skills must be tailored for work in a non-Western context, and containment skills become particularly important. Additionally, respecting diversity and traditions and being open-minded and nonethnocentric are fundamental. This study provides valuable information nurses can use to enhance their work with indigenous people. PMID:10693406

Weaver, H N

1999-07-01

309

Postpartum women in the Honduran health system: folic acid knowledge, attitudes, and practices Conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas relacionados con el ácido fólico en mujeres recién paridas en Honduras  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: This study had two purposes: first, to determine the knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to folic acid and birth defects among a convenience sample of postpartum Honduran women; and second, to identify food consumption patterns in this population and determine high-consumption staples for potential folic acid fortification. METHODS: Convenience sampling methodology was used to recruit potential study participants. Participants for this study were 2 619 postpartum Honduran women who had had a normal, in-hospital delivery in one of 16 public hospitals located throughout the country or the two social security hospitals that provide services to the Honduran working class population. Over a 10-month period, in-depth, face-to-face oral interviews, supervised by the research coordinator and staff, were conducted in-hospital prior to discharge. RESULTS: The majority of the women were between 16 and 29 years of age. Approximately half of the respondents (46.4% had heard of folic acid and over one-third (37.6% knew that it was a vitamin related to preventing birth defects. Birth defects were most often attributed to drug and alcohol use (20.6% and lack of vitamin intake (18.1%, but 23.0% related defects to mystical, mythical, or religious causes. Aside from red beans, oranges, and natural fruit juices, folate-rich foods are not widely consumed by this population. The highest consumption frequency of staple foods with the potential to be fortified with folic acid were rice, white flour, corn flour, and pasta. CONCLUSIONS: Results from this study provide potential avenues for food fortification, as well as underscore the need for further education about the role of folic acid in the prevention of neural tube defects. Results highlight that standardized health education for Honduran women of reproductive age is needed if folic acid consumption through fortification and supplementation is to be successful and sustainable.OBJETIVOS: Este estudio tuvo dos propósitos: primero, determinar los conocimientos, las actitudes y las prácticas relacionados con el ácido fólico y las malformaciones congénitas en una muestra de conveniencia de mujeres hondureñas recién paridas; y segundo, identificar los patrones de consumo de alimentos en esta población y determinar los productos básicos de alto consumo para su posible fortificación con ácido fólico. MÉTODOS: Se seleccionaron las posibles participantes mediante un muestreo de conveniencia. Participaron 2 619 mujeres hondureñas que habían tenido un parto normal en alguno de los 16 hospitales públicos del país o de dos hospitales de la seguridad social que prestan servicios a la clase trabajadora hondureña. En un período de 10 meses se realizaron entrevistas personales directas, orales y exhaustivas en los propios hospitales antes del alta médica. El coordinador y el equipo de investigación supervisaron las entrevistas. RESULTADOS: La mayoría de las mujeres tenían entre 16 y 29 años de edad. Aproximadamente la mitad de las encuestadas (46,4% habían oído sobre el ácido fólico y más de la tercera parte (37,6% sabía que era una vitamina relacionada con la prevención de malformaciones congénitas. Las mujeres encuestadas atribuyeron estas malformaciones principalmente al consumo de drogas y alcohol (20,6% y a la insuficiente ingesta de vitaminas (18,1%; no obstante, 23,0% relacionó las malformaciones con causas místicas, míticas o religiosas. En esta población no se consumen muchos alimentos ricos en folatos, excepto frijoles colorados, naranjas y jugos de frutas naturales. Los alimentos básicos más frecuentes que podrían fortificarse con ácido fólico fueron el arroz, las pastas y las harinas de trigo y de maíz. CONCLUSIONES: Los resultados de este estudio abren una posible vía para la fortificación de alimentos y, además, subrayan la necesidad de una mayor educación sobre la importancia del ácido fólico en la prevención de malformaciones del tubo neural en los fetos. Los resultados destacan la necesidad de ofrecer u

Gayle R. Milla

2007-11-01

310

Postpartum women in the Honduran health system: folic acid knowledge, attitudes, and practices / Conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas relacionados con el ácido fólico en mujeres recién paridas en Honduras  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: English Abstract in spanish OBJETIVOS: Este estudio tuvo dos propósitos: primero, determinar los conocimientos, las actitudes y las prácticas relacionados con el ácido fólico y las malformaciones congénitas en una muestra de conveniencia de mujeres hondureñas recién paridas; y segundo, identificar los patrones de consumo de al [...] imentos en esta población y determinar los productos básicos de alto consumo para su posible fortificación con ácido fólico. MÉTODOS: Se seleccionaron las posibles participantes mediante un muestreo de conveniencia. Participaron 2 619 mujeres hondureñas que habían tenido un parto normal en alguno de los 16 hospitales públicos del país o de dos hospitales de la seguridad social que prestan servicios a la clase trabajadora hondureña. En un período de 10 meses se realizaron entrevistas personales directas, orales y exhaustivas en los propios hospitales antes del alta médica. El coordinador y el equipo de investigación supervisaron las entrevistas. RESULTADOS: La mayoría de las mujeres tenían entre 16 y 29 años de edad. Aproximadamente la mitad de las encuestadas (46,4%) habían oído sobre el ácido fólico y más de la tercera parte (37,6%) sabía que era una vitamina relacionada con la prevención de malformaciones congénitas. Las mujeres encuestadas atribuyeron estas malformaciones principalmente al consumo de drogas y alcohol (20,6%) y a la insuficiente ingesta de vitaminas (18,1%); no obstante, 23,0% relacionó las malformaciones con causas místicas, míticas o religiosas. En esta población no se consumen muchos alimentos ricos en folatos, excepto frijoles colorados, naranjas y jugos de frutas naturales. Los alimentos básicos más frecuentes que podrían fortificarse con ácido fólico fueron el arroz, las pastas y las harinas de trigo y de maíz. CONCLUSIONES: Los resultados de este estudio abren una posible vía para la fortificación de alimentos y, además, subrayan la necesidad de una mayor educación sobre la importancia del ácido fólico en la prevención de malformaciones del tubo neural en los fetos. Los resultados destacan la necesidad de ofrecer una educación sanitaria estandarizada a las mujeres hondureñas en edad reproductiva si se implementa de manera exitosa y sostenible el consumo de ácido fólico mediante la fortificación y suplementación de alimentos. Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: This study had two purposes: first, to determine the knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to folic acid and birth defects among a convenience sample of postpartum Honduran women; and second, to identify food consumption patterns in this population and determine high-consumption st [...] aples for potential folic acid fortification. METHODS: Convenience sampling methodology was used to recruit potential study participants. Participants for this study were 2 619 postpartum Honduran women who had had a normal, in-hospital delivery in one of 16 public hospitals located throughout the country or the two social security hospitals that provide services to the Honduran working class population. Over a 10-month period, in-depth, face-to-face oral interviews, supervised by the research coordinator and staff, were conducted in-hospital prior to discharge. RESULTS: The majority of the women were between 16 and 29 years of age. Approximately half of the respondents (46.4%) had heard of folic acid and over one-third (37.6%) knew that it was a vitamin related to preventing birth defects. Birth defects were most often attributed to drug and alcohol use (20.6%) and lack of vitamin intake (18.1%), but 23.0% related defects to mystical, mythical, or religious causes. Aside from red beans, oranges, and natural fruit juices, folate-rich foods are not widely consumed by this population. The highest consumption frequency of staple foods with the potential to be fortified with folic acid were rice, white flour, corn flour, and pasta. CONCLUSIONS: Results from this study provide potential avenues for food fortification, as wel

Gayle R., Milla; Alina L., Flores; Edgardo, Umaña; Mayes, Ileana; Jorge, Rosenthal.

2007-11-01

311

Postpartum women in the Honduran health system: folic acid knowledge, attitudes, and practices / Conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas relacionados con el ácido fólico en mujeres recién paridas en Honduras  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: English Abstract in spanish OBJETIVOS: Este estudio tuvo dos propósitos: primero, determinar los conocimientos, las actitudes y las prácticas relacionados con el ácido fólico y las malformaciones congénitas en una muestra de conveniencia de mujeres hondureñas recién paridas; y segundo, identificar los patrones de consumo de al [...] imentos en esta población y determinar los productos básicos de alto consumo para su posible fortificación con ácido fólico. MÉTODOS: Se seleccionaron las posibles participantes mediante un muestreo de conveniencia. Participaron 2 619 mujeres hondureñas que habían tenido un parto normal en alguno de los 16 hospitales públicos del país o de dos hospitales de la seguridad social que prestan servicios a la clase trabajadora hondureña. En un período de 10 meses se realizaron entrevistas personales directas, orales y exhaustivas en los propios hospitales antes del alta médica. El coordinador y el equipo de investigación supervisaron las entrevistas. RESULTADOS: La mayoría de las mujeres tenían entre 16 y 29 años de edad. Aproximadamente la mitad de las encuestadas (46,4%) habían oído sobre el ácido fólico y más de la tercera parte (37,6%) sabía que era una vitamina relacionada con la prevención de malformaciones congénitas. Las mujeres encuestadas atribuyeron estas malformaciones principalmente al consumo de drogas y alcohol (20,6%) y a la insuficiente ingesta de vitaminas (18,1%); no obstante, 23,0% relacionó las malformaciones con causas místicas, míticas o religiosas. En esta población no se consumen muchos alimentos ricos en folatos, excepto frijoles colorados, naranjas y jugos de frutas naturales. Los alimentos básicos más frecuentes que podrían fortificarse con ácido fólico fueron el arroz, las pastas y las harinas de trigo y de maíz. CONCLUSIONES: Los resultados de este estudio abren una posible vía para la fortificación de alimentos y, además, subrayan la necesidad de una mayor educación sobre la importancia del ácido fólico en la prevención de malformaciones del tubo neural en los fetos. Los resultados destacan la necesidad de ofrecer una educación sanitaria estandarizada a las mujeres hondureñas en edad reproductiva si se implementa de manera exitosa y sostenible el consumo de ácido fólico mediante la fortificación y suplementación de alimentos. Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: This study had two purposes: first, to determine the knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to folic acid and birth defects among a convenience sample of postpartum Honduran women; and second, to identify food consumption patterns in this population and determine high-consumption st [...] aples for potential folic acid fortification. METHODS: Convenience sampling methodology was used to recruit potential study participants. Participants for this study were 2 619 postpartum Honduran women who had had a normal, in-hospital delivery in one of 16 public hospitals located throughout the country or the two social security hospitals that provide services to the Honduran working class population. Over a 10-month period, in-depth, face-to-face oral interviews, supervised by the research coordinator and staff, were conducted in-hospital prior to discharge. RESULTS: The majority of the women were between 16 and 29 years of age. Approximately half of the respondents (46.4%) had heard of folic acid and over one-third (37.6%) knew that it was a vitamin related to preventing birth defects. Birth defects were most often attributed to drug and alcohol use (20.6%) and lack of vitamin intake (18.1%), but 23.0% related defects to mystical, mythical, or religious causes. Aside from red beans, oranges, and natural fruit juices, folate-rich foods are not widely consumed by this population. The highest consumption frequency of staple foods with the potential to be fortified with folic acid were rice, white flour, corn flour, and pasta. CONCLUSIONS: Results from this study provide potential avenues for food fortification, as wel

Gayle R., Milla; Alina L., Flores; Edgardo, Umaña; Mayes, Ileana; Jorge, Rosenthal.

312

Grau de conhecimento, atitudes e práticas de puérperas sobre a infecção por HIV e sua prevenção / Level of knowledge, attitudes and practices of puerperal women on HIV infection and its prevention  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Objetivo: Avaliar o grau de conhecimento, atitudes e práticas de puérperas sobre a infecção por HIV e sua prevenção. Métodos: Estudo transversal com 278 puérperas internadas no sistema de alojamento conjunto. Foram realizadas entrevistas com a utilização de um questionário para avaliar o conhecim [...] ento, a atitude e a prática sobre a infecção pelo HIV e sua prevenção. Resultados: A idade das puérperas variou de 13 a 43 anos, prevalecendo faixa entre 20 e 34 anos. Predominou escolaridade entre 8 e 11 anos de estudos e união estável. Apenas 54 (19,4%) puérperas apresentaram conhecimento adequado, 6 (2,2%) atitude e 4 (1,4%) práticas adequadas. Conclusão: O conhecimento foi inadequado devido ao baixo percentual de puérperas que souberam citar pelo menos três formas de transmissão e três formas de prevenção do vírus; a atitude inadequada foi marcada pelo elevado percentual de puérperas que percebem como "improvável" infectar-se com o HIV e "pouco provável" o mesmo ocorrer com seu parceiro. A prática inadequada foi influenciada pelo baixo percentual de realização do teste anti-HIV nos períodos preconizados e pelo não uso do preservativo durante a gravidez. Abstract in english Objective: Evaluating the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices of puerperal women on HIV infection and its prevention. Methods: A cross-sectional study with 278 puerperal women hospitalized in the rooming-in system. Interviews were carried out with the use of a questionnaire to evaluate th [...] e knowledge, attitudes and practices on HIV infection and its prevention. Results: The age of puerperal women ranged from 13 to 43 years, with prevalence of the range between 20 and 34 years. The level of education between eight and 11 years of studies was predominant, as well as the stable union. Only 54 (19.4%) puerperal women showed adequate knowledge, six showed adequate attitude (2.2%) and four showed appropriate practices (1.4%). Conclusion: The knowledge was inadequate due to the low percentage of puerperal women able to mention at least three ways of transmission and three forms of preventing the virus; inadequate attitude was marked by the high percentage of puerperal women who perceive becoming infected with HIV as 'unlikely', and 'little likely' that the same occurs with their partners. The inadequate practice was influenced by the low percentage of HIV testing in the recommended periods and the lack of condom use during pregnancy.

Raquel Ferreira Gomes, Brasil; Maysa Mayran Chaves, Moreira; Liana Mara Rocha, Teles; Ana Kelve de Castro, Damasceno; Escolástica Rejane Ferreira, Moura.

2014-04-01

313

Grau de conhecimento, atitudes e práticas de puérperas sobre a infecção por HIV e sua prevenção / Level of knowledge, attitudes and practices of puerperal women on HIV infection and its prevention  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Objetivo: Avaliar o grau de conhecimento, atitudes e práticas de puérperas sobre a infecção por HIV e sua prevenção. Métodos: Estudo transversal com 278 puérperas internadas no sistema de alojamento conjunto. Foram realizadas entrevistas com a utilização de um questionário para avaliar o conhecim [...] ento, a atitude e a prática sobre a infecção pelo HIV e sua prevenção. Resultados: A idade das puérperas variou de 13 a 43 anos, prevalecendo faixa entre 20 e 34 anos. Predominou escolaridade entre 8 e 11 anos de estudos e união estável. Apenas 54 (19,4%) puérperas apresentaram conhecimento adequado, 6 (2,2%) atitude e 4 (1,4%) práticas adequadas. Conclusão: O conhecimento foi inadequado devido ao baixo percentual de puérperas que souberam citar pelo menos três formas de transmissão e três formas de prevenção do vírus; a atitude inadequada foi marcada pelo elevado percentual de puérperas que percebem como "improvável" infectar-se com o HIV e "pouco provável" o mesmo ocorrer com seu parceiro. A prática inadequada foi influenciada pelo baixo percentual de realização do teste anti-HIV nos períodos preconizados e pelo não uso do preservativo durante a gravidez. Abstract in english Objective: Evaluating the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices of puerperal women on HIV infection and its prevention. Methods: A cross-sectional study with 278 puerperal women hospitalized in the rooming-in system. Interviews were carried out with the use of a questionnaire to evaluate th [...] e knowledge, attitudes and practices on HIV infection and its prevention. Results: The age of puerperal women ranged from 13 to 43 years, with prevalence of the range between 20 and 34 years. The level of education between eight and 11 years of studies was predominant, as well as the stable union. Only 54 (19.4%) puerperal women showed adequate knowledge, six showed adequate attitude (2.2%) and four showed appropriate practices (1.4%). Conclusion: The knowledge was inadequate due to the low percentage of puerperal women able to mention at least three ways of transmission and three forms of preventing the virus; inadequate attitude was marked by the high percentage of puerperal women who perceive becoming infected with HIV as 'unlikely', and 'little likely' that the same occurs with their partners. The inadequate practice was influenced by the low percentage of HIV testing in the recommended periods and the lack of condom use during pregnancy.

Raquel Ferreira Gomes, Brasil; Maysa Mayran Chaves, Moreira; Liana Mara Rocha, Teles; Ana Kelve de Castro, Damasceno; Escolástica Rejane Ferreira, Moura.

314

Conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas acerca de infecciones de transmisión sexual en adolescentes del municipio de Caldas (Colombia) / Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices regarding sexually transmitted infections among adolescents in Caldas (Colombia)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Analizar los conocimientos actitudes y prácticas acerca de las infecciones de transmisión sexual en adolescentes escolarizados del municipio de Caldas (Antioquia, Colombia), según aspectos sociodemográficos. Materiales y métodos: Estudio transversal en 567 adolescentes. Los datos se almace [...] naron y analizaron en SPSS 18.0 con base en proporciones, medidas de resumen, intervalos de confianza para la diferencia de proporciones y pruebas no paramétricas como chi-cuadrado, H de Kruskal Wallis y U de Mann Whitney. Resultados: El nivel de conocimientos fue insatisfactorio, mientras que las actitudes y las prácticas fueron satisfactorias; solo se hallaron diferencias significativas en los conocimientos según la residencia, siendo mayor en los habitantes de zonas urbanas, y el nivel actitudes y prácticas fue significativamente mayor en las mujeres. Conclusión: El nivel de conocimientos en este grupo fue deficiente respecto a los esfuerzos realizados por las instituciones educativas y las secretarías de salud; no obstante, las actitudes presentaron una cualificación satisfactoria, lo que podría derivar en el logro de unas prácticas sexuales más seguras. Con estos resultados se podrían mejorar los programas de educación en salud sexual y reproductiva. Abstract in english Objective: To assess knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding STIs in adolescents of Caldas, according to the demographic aspects. Methods: Cross sectional study in 567 adolescents. Data were stored and analyzed in SPSS 18.0 with proportions, summary measures, confidence intervals for the differ [...] ence of proportions and nonparametric tests such as chi square, Kruskal Wallis and Mann Whitney. Results: The level of knowledge was unsatisfactory, while the attitudes and practices were satisfactory, only significant differences were found in knowledge according to the residence, being higher in urban and regarding the level of attitudes and practices, they were significantly higher in women. Conclusion: The level of knowledge in this group was poor compared to the efforts of educational institutions and health departments; however, attitudes had a satisfactory qualification that could lead to the achievement of safer sex practices. These results could improve education programs in sexual and reproductive health.

Jaiberth Antonio, Cardona Arias; Paulina, Arboleda Carmona; Carolina, Rosero Ascuntar.

2013-05-01

315

Instrumentos para Evaluar Conocimientos, Actitudes y Prácticas en Salud Oral para Padres/Cuidadores de Niños Menores / Instruments for evaluating oral health knowledge, attitudes and practice for parents /caregivers of small children  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivos Construir tres instrumentos para evaluar conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas en salud oral de padres/cuidadores de niños/as de 0-5 años de estrato socioeconómico bajo; Evaluar la confiabilidad de los instrumentos por medio de su consistencia interna y análisis de ítems. Métodos Se constru [...] yeron tres instrumentos de conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas en salud oral de padres/cuidadores de niños/as de 0-5 años, estrato socioeconómico bajo, localidad Usaquén-Bogotá, Colombia. Se ejecutó una prueba con 47 padres/cuidadores, determinando la confiabilidad de los instrumentos en términos de consistencia interna, grado de conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas de los padres/cuidadores; en una sub-muestra se realizó análisis cualitativo (verificación y comprensión del contenido). La confiabilidad fue evaluada con coeficiente Alfa-de-Cronbach. Para mejorar construcción y comprensión de preguntas se efectuó análisis de ítems utilizando cuatro criterios: índice de homogeneidad corregido (IHc), tendencia de respuesta, correlación entre ítems y análisis cualitativo. Resultados El coeficiente Alfa-de-Cronbach para los instrumentos de conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas fue de 0,82, 0,80 y 0,62 respectivamente. La evaluación del nivel de conocimiento, actitudes y prácticas en los examinados fue aceptable (60 %, 55 %, 91 %, respectivamente). Conclusiones Este estudio encontró como confiables dos de los tres instrumentos que diseño y evaluó (conocimientos y actitudes) e hizo rediseño de los tres instrumentos. Estos son una herramienta valiosa y pueden ser utilizados en futuros estudios, tanto descriptivos como evaluativos de programas preventivos . Abstract in english Objectives Designing three instruments for evaluating oral health knowledge, attitudes and practice in parents/caregivers of low social-economic status 0-5 year-olds. Evaluating the instruments' reliability in terms of internal consistency and analysing items. Methods Three instruments were construc [...] ted for evaluating low social-economic status 0-5 year-olds' parents/caregivers' oral health knowledge, attitudes and practice in the municipality of Usaquén , Bogotá , Colombia . 47 parents/caregivers were given a test establishing the instrument's reliability in terms of internal consistency and the adults' level of knowledge, attitudes and practice. A sub-sample was qualitatively analysed (content verification and understanding). Reliability was evaluated using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Items were analysed for improving constructing and understanding the questions, taking four criteria into account: corrected homogeneity index (CHI), response trend, correlation between items and qualitative analysis. Results Cronbach's alpha coefficient for knowledge, attitudes and practice was 0,82, 0,80 and 0,62, respectively. Participants' level of knowledge, attitudes and practice was acceptable (60 %, 55 % and 91 %, respectively). Conclusions This study found two out of the three evaluated instruments to be reliable (knowledge and attitudes); all three of them were then redesigned. The resulting instruments represent a valuable tool which can be used in future studies for describing and evaluating preventative programmes.

Stefania, Martignon; Gloria, Bautista-Mendoza; María, González-Carrera; Gloria, Lafaurie-Villamil; Veicy, Morales; Ruth, Santamaría.

316

Instrumentos para Evaluar Conocimientos, Actitudes y Prácticas en Salud Oral para Padres/Cuidadores de Niños Menores / Instruments for evaluating oral health knowledge, attitudes and practice for parents /caregivers of small children  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivos Construir tres instrumentos para evaluar conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas en salud oral de padres/cuidadores de niños/as de 0-5 años de estrato socioeconómico bajo; Evaluar la confiabilidad de los instrumentos por medio de su consistencia interna y análisis de ítems. Métodos Se constru [...] yeron tres instrumentos de conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas en salud oral de padres/cuidadores de niños/as de 0-5 años, estrato socioeconómico bajo, localidad Usaquén-Bogotá, Colombia. Se ejecutó una prueba con 47 padres/cuidadores, determinando la confiabilidad de los instrumentos en términos de consistencia interna, grado de conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas de los padres/cuidadores; en una sub-muestra se realizó análisis cualitativo (verificación y comprensión del contenido). La confiabilidad fue evaluada con coeficiente Alfa-de-Cronbach. Para mejorar construcción y comprensión de preguntas se efectuó análisis de ítems utilizando cuatro criterios: índice de homogeneidad corregido (IHc), tendencia de respuesta, correlación entre ítems y análisis cualitativo. Resultados El coeficiente Alfa-de-Cronbach para los instrumentos de conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas fue de 0,82, 0,80 y 0,62 respectivamente. La evaluación del nivel de conocimiento, actitudes y prácticas en los examinados fue aceptable (60 %, 55 %, 91 %, respectivamente). Conclusiones Este estudio encontró como confiables dos de los tres instrumentos que diseño y evaluó (conocimientos y actitudes) e hizo rediseño de los tres instrumentos. Estos son una herramienta valiosa y pueden ser utilizados en futuros estudios, tanto descriptivos como evaluativos de programas preventivos. Abstract in english Objectives Designing three instruments for evaluating oral health knowledge, attitudes and practice in parents/caregivers of low social-economic status 0-5 year-olds. Evaluating the instruments' reliability in terms of internal consistency and analysing items. Methods Three instruments were construc [...] ted for evaluating low social-economic status 0-5 year-olds' parents/caregivers' oral health knowledge, attitudes and practice in the municipality of Usaquén , Bogotá , Colombia . 47 parents/caregivers were given a test establishing the instrument's reliability in terms of internal consistency and the adults' level of knowledge, attitudes and practice. A sub-sample was qualitatively analysed (content verification and understanding). Reliability was evaluated using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Items were analysed for improving constructing and understanding the questions, taking four criteria into account: corrected homogeneity index (CHI), response trend, correlation between items and qualitative analysis. Results Cronbach's alpha coefficient for knowledge, attitudes and practice was 0,82, 0,80 and 0,62, respectively. Participants' level of knowledge, attitudes and practice was acceptable (60 %, 55 % and 91 %, respectively). Conclusions This study found two out of the three evaluated instruments to be reliable (knowledge and attitudes); all three of them were then redesigned. The resulting instruments represent a valuable tool which can be used in future studies for describing and evaluating preventative programmes.

Stefania, Martignon; Gloria, Bautista-Mendoza; María, González-Carrera; Gloria, Lafaurie-Villamil; Veicy, Morales; Ruth, Santamaría.

317

Knowledge and attitude on renewable energy amongst teachers in Malaysia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As teachers are one of the more important agents for disseminating information, a study was done to gauge the knowledge and attitude concerning Renewable Energy (RE) and Energy Efficiency (EE) amongst teachers in Malaysia. Results from the study have shown that teachers do not have adequate knowledge on the concept of RE. They also viewed education as the best strategy in ensuring the success of RE practices. Although there is an interest to know more about RE, the teachers felt that they were inadequately trained to teach this subject in schools, that there are not enough teachers to teach the subject in the schools and that this topic should be integrated as part of co-curricular activities. CETREE, as a centre for education and training in Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency has already started a curriculum to train teachers on the awareness of Renewable Energy (RE) and Energy Efficiency (EE). Result of this study indicates that more training and campaigns need to be implemented at school levels to promote the awareness on RE and EE. This paper will also discuss knowledge and attitude as important factors to consider in creating awareness on RE for the next generation. Teachers need to acquire the knowledge and positive attitude toward these concepts to become successful change agents. Media preference amongst teachers concerning ways to educate the public on RE will also be highlighted

318

Nutrition Knowkledge, Attitude and Practice of College Sportsmen  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose: Nutrition is an important component of any physical fitness program.The main dietary goal for active individuals is to obtain adequate nutrition to optimize health fitness and to increase sports performance. The present study aims to assess the nutrition knowledge, attitude and practice among the selected athletes. Methods: Athletes from five different private colleges situated in Salem District, Tamilnadu, India were selected. A total number of 102 athletes, 32 sportsmen belong to Volleyball discipline, 25 belongs to weightlifter discipline and 45 belong to runners discipline in sports. All the selected athletes were including in the study. The Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP questionnaire contained ten questions about nutrition knowledge, nine questions about attitudes, and ten questions about dietary practice were collected from the selected athletes. Dietary composition of the sportsmen is also assessed. The collected data was coded and used for evaluation.Results: Results about KAP revealed that 42 per cent of the volleyball players had good nutritional knowledge (60 – 69per cent compared to weight lifters (43per cent who had satisfactory (50 – 59per cent knowledge about nutrition. Twenty nine per cent of the runners had very good (70 – 79per cent knowledge about nutrition. Regarding food consumption pattern intake of cereals, other vegetables and milk was found to be less compared to the RDA for the athletes. Among the three disciplines sports persons, the mean nutrient intake of the runners is high compared to volleyball and weight lifters.Conclusion: The sports disciplines strongly affected the nutrition knowledge, attitudes and practices of sportsmen. The overall scores indicate that most sportsmen had good knowledge of nutrition and supplements.

Peerkhan Nazni

2010-06-01

319

Conhecimento, prática e atitude sobre o autoexame das mamas de mulheres de uma cidade do Nordeste do Brasil / Knowledge, practice and attitude about breast self-exam from women of a Northeastern municipality, Brazil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: avaliar o conhecimento, a atitude e a prática do autoexame das mamas (AEM) em mulheres do município de São Luís (MA) e os fatores sociodemográficos relacionados. MÉTODOS: estudo transversal, prospectivo, com amostragem por conglomerados, no qual foram incluídas 552 mulheres de 14 setores c [...] ensitários em São Luís, no período de Janeiro a Setembro de 2003. O conhecimento, a atitude e a prática (variáveis dependentes) foram avaliados pela análise das respostas das mulheres em "adequado" ou "inadequado". As principais variáveis independentes foram: idade, escolaridade, renda familiar, situação conjugal e status menopausal. Foi realizado o teste do ?2 para a associação entre variáveis categóricas e a mensuração do Odds Ratio (OR) bruto e ajustado após análise multivariada por regressão logística. RESULTADOS: embora 1/3 da população estudada não tivesse conhecimento do AEM, o grupo de mulheres que eram informadas sobre a existência do exame possuía conhecimento (60,9%), prática (59,5%) e atitude (90%) adequados. O histórico familiar para câncer de mama (8,9%) não esteve associado a maior conhecimento e prática. A mídia mostrou-se de grande importância (63,6%) na disseminação da informação do AEM. Após análise multivariada, a mulher com parceiro (OR=1,9) apresentou maior adequação do conhecimento; o grupo de mulheres com idade maior que 50 anos (OR=11,7) teve melhor atitude quanto ao AEM; a escolaridade maior que cinco anos (OR=2) e mulher com parceiro (OR=1,7) estiveram associadas à prática mais correta do AEM. CONCLUSÃO: a maioria das pacientes conhece e pratica o AEM em São Luís e a atitude delas frente ao procedimento é extremamente positiva. Houve uma grande participação da mídia na propagação da informação sobre o AEM. Abstract in english PURPOSE: to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of breast self-examination (BSE) of women from the municipality of São Luís (MA), Brazil, and associated socio-demographic variables. METHODS: prospective and cross-sectional study, with conglomerate sampling, in which 552 women from 14 census [...] sections of São Luís were included during the period from January to September 2003. The knowledge, attitude and practice (dependent variables) were evaluated by means of analysis of the responses of the women as "adequate" or "inadequate". The main independent variables were: age, schooling, family income and marital and menopausal status. The ?2 test was used to determine the association between categorical variables and the measurement of the crude/adjusted Odds Ratio (OR) after multivariate analysis by means of logistic regression. RESULTS: although 1/3 of the studied population did not know about BSE, the group of women who were informed about it showed adequate knowledge (60.9%), practice (59.5%) and attitude (90%). The family history of breast cancer (8.9%) was not associated with better knowledge and practice. The media (63.6%) was found to be important in disseminating information about BSE. After multivariate analysis, women with a partner (OR=1.9) presented more adequate knowledge; women older than 50 years (OR=11.7) had a better attitude towards BSE; women with more than five years of schooling (OR=2) and with a partner (OR=1.7) were associated with a more correct practice of BSE. CONCLUSION: most of the patients know and practice the BSE in São Luís and their attitude towards the procedure is extremely positive. There was a great participation of the media in the dissemination of information concerning BSE.

Luciane Maria Oliveira, Brito; Maria Bethânia da Costa, Chein; Luiz Gustavo Oliveira, Brito; Ângela Mirella Magalhães, Amorim; Heitor Ricardo Cosiski, Marana.

2010-05-01

320

Informed Consent - Attitudes, knowledge and information concerning prenatal examination  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

  Background:Prenatal screening has become an ever increasing part of antenatal care in the western part of the world. Providing women with information enabling an informed consent to prenatal examinations has been widely recommended, with women accepting or declining the screening tests offered in full understanding of pros and contra.Objective and hypothesis:To summarize current knowledge of women's expectations and attitudes concerning prenatal examinations as well as the amount of knowledge possessed by pregnant women undergoing prenatal examinations. Reasons for accepting or declining a screening test offered, as well as the influence of information in the decision-making process is also explored. Methods:The review is based on systematic search strategy in the electronic databases Medline and Science Citation. Additional studies were identified through reference lists of individual papers obtained. Results:Women in general express a positive attitude towards screening procedures in pregnancy. Women are found most knowledgeable about procedural and practical aspects but are not always aware of the purposes or any limitations of the tests offered. Understanding and interpretation of risk estimates is low and possible consequences if the tes