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Sample records for juan jos arreola

  1. Juan L. Ortíz: Primeros diálogos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roxana Haydée Páez

    1996-11-01

    Full Text Available Emergencia, contextualización y diferencia de la poética de Juan L. Ortiz. El intertexto de lo que Julia Kristeva considera la primera vanguardia o vanguardia de fin de siglo, de los poetas argentinos posmodernistas, de Juan Ramón Jiménez. Vinculaciones del impresionismo de Ortiz, a través del simbolismo, el modernismo y el sencillismo

  2. Relational Logic of Juan Caramuel.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Dvo?ák, Petr

    Vol. 2. Amsterdam : North-Holland, 2008, s. 645-666. ISBN 978-0-444-51625-1 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90090514 Keywords : Juan Caramuel * Scholasticism * history of formal logic Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  3. Juan Ruiz político

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    Georges Martin

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Más bien que en la vida amorosa del Arcipreste de Hita, de la que no sabemos nada, quizá tengamos que ver en el importantísimo conflicto con incidencias dinásticas virtualmente devastadoras entre María de Portugal, la mujer legítima de Alfonso XI, y Leonor de Guzmán, su concubina oficial, o, si se quiere, en el “loco amor” del rey y en el partido (el de María que –sugiero- escogió Juan Ruiz, la causa del encarcelamiento del autor del Libro de buen amor. También se comprendería que dicho contexto haya dado lugar a una obra que, tan ortodoxa en su sententia como genialmente paradójica en su littera, no tergiversa sobre los fundamentos a la vez sociales y espirituales del “buen amor” como tampoco se muestra muy propicia a la realeza tal y como la encarnaba entonces Alfonso XI de Castilla.Plutôt que dans la vie amoureuse de l’Archiprêtre de Hita, dont nous ne savons rien, peut-être faudrait-il voir dans le grave conflit aux incidences dynastiques virtuellement dévastatrices qui opposa Marie de Portugal, femme légitime d’Alphonse XI, et Aliénor de Guzmán, sa concubine officielle, ou, si l’on veut, dans le « fol amour » du roi et dans le parti (celui de Marie que choisit –je le suggère– Juan Ruiz, la cause de l’emprisonnement de l’auteur du Libro de buen amor. L’on comprendrait aussi que ce contexte ait donné lieu à une œuvre qui, aussi orthodoxe dans sa sententia que génialement paradoxale dans sa littera, ne tergiverse nullement sur les fondements sociaux et spirituels du « bon amour » mais ne se montre pas non plus favorable à une royauté telle que l’incarne alors Alphonse XI de Castille.

  4. Juan de Jesús Rodríguez Robayo and Juan R. Robayo / Juan de Jesús Rodríguez Robayo y Juan R. Robayo

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ilvar José, Muñoz Ramírez; Juan Sebastián, Muñoz Sánchez.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta una pequeña semblanza del Dr. Juan R. Robayo desde su infancia en Colombia, pasando por su formación universitaria, hasta sus notables aportes a la farmacia clínica estadounidense, considerando además su gran dedicación a la creación de la Organización de Farmacéuticos Ibero-Latinoameric [...] anos (OFIL). Abstract in english A small sketch about Dr. Juan R. Robayo is presented. It comes from his childhood in Colombia, his university studies, to its remarkable contributions to American clinical pharmacy, also considering his dedication during the creation of the Organization of Iberian-Latin American Pharmacists (Organiz [...] ación de Farmacéuticos Ibero-Latinoamericanos, OFIL).

  5. Formal Logic in Juan Caramuel.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Dvo?ák, Petr

    Praha : Filosofia, 2008 - (Dvo?ák, P.; Schmutz, J.), s. 31-44 ISBN 978-80-7007-283-7 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90090514 Keywords : history of logic * relational logic * Juan Caramuel Lobkowitz Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  6. San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge : San Juan Wilderness : Wilderness management plan

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document is a plan regarding management of the San Juan Wilderness. This document is a plan regarding management of the San Juan Wilderness. After introducing...

  7. JUAN MANUEL ROCA: PICAPEDRERO Y LECTOR DE PIEDRAS. EL OFICIO POÉTICO Y LA CRÍTICA DE LA REALIDAD / Juan Manuel Roca: Stone Mason and Reader of Stones. The Poetic Craft and Criticism of Reality / Juan Manuel Roca: quebrador de pedra e leitor de pedras. O ofício poético e a crítica da realidade

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Consuelo Pardo, Cortés.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available O propósito deste artigo é reconstruir um perfil de Juan Manuel Roca como crítico de sua realidade, a partir da interpretaçâo de sua obra. Essa noçâo crítica é paralela necessariamente à reflexâo sobre o que fazer poético presente em sua criaçâo e, por sua vez, a seus outros trabalhos nos quais a pe [...] rgunta pela funçâo da poesia implica um questionamento a seus contemporâneos, sob pressupostos que nâo excluem nem o ético nem o estético. Abstract in spanish El propósito de este artículo es reconstruir un perfil de Juan Manuel Roca, como crítico de su realidad, a partir de la interpretación de su obra. Esta noción crítica estará emparentada necesariamente con la reflexión sobre el quehacer poético presente en su creación y, a su vez, con sus otros traba [...] jos en los que la pregunta por la función de la poesía implica un cuestionamiento a sus contemporáneos, bajo presupuestos que no excluyen ni lo ético ni lo estético. Abstract in english The purpose of this article is to reconstruct a profile of Juan Manuel Roca as a critic of his reality, starting from the interpretation of his work. This critical notion is necessarily related to the reflection on the poetic task present in his creation and, at the same time, with his other works i [...] n which the question of the function of poetry implies a questioning of his contemporaries under assumptions which do not exclude the ethical or the aesthetic.

  8. JOS KUIPERS 30-04-1956 07-03-2002

    CERN Document Server

    2002-01-01

    The tree that has been plantedin the memory of Jos near building 892 in Prévessin. We are missing our colleague and friend. We are grateful for all your help, support, messages and presence at the ceremony for Jos in Geneva. This has brought consolation to our family. The Kuipers Family   Many of you contributed to the Turkana Education Fund in memory of Jos. Here is an excerpt of the message we received from the coordinator of the fund: The Turkana area, in the north of Kenya in a region where people are Essentially nomads and pastoralists, recurrently suffering from severe drought conditions. The locals cannot afford the fees for education at the secondary level. One of the main supporters of the fund was Jos Kuipers. His words to me were, 'if you have any unfilled sponsorships or if people have left without finishing their sponsorships, then call on me and I'll fill the gap.' This he has done since I took over the administration 4 years ago, and in addition in 2001 he donated 4000CHF...

  9. Graafikatriennaalil osalev Juan Manuel Echavarria saabub Tallinna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    12.-15. aprillini 2011 külastab Tallinna Columbia kunstnik Juan Manuel Echavarria. Tema holograafiliste trükiste sarjast "Reekviem NN" (2008-2010), mida eksponeeritakse Tallinna XV graafikatriennaalil Kumu Kunstimuuseumis

  10. La ciudad, la poesía, Juan Gelman / City, Poetry, Juan Gelman

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Raquel, Guzmán.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available El poema, por su particular configuración discursiva, permite la construcción de espacios que se diseñan en una trama fragmentaria, de contracciones y expansiones, que no es ajena a la propia travesía discursiva. En este trabajo se analiza un poemario del escritor argentino Juan Gelman, Valer la pen [...] a (2001), para seguir las semiosis que hacen posible la constitución de la ciudad como espacio cenestésico, en el que la pena del yo lírico perfila lugares y sitios. Se trata de una obra caleidoscópica donde cada arista permite seguir un derrotero autónomo -el que elegimos es apenas uno- para tratar de comprender un amplio mundo poético. Abstract in english The Poem, due to its particular discursive configuration, permits the construction of spaces that design themselves in a fragmentary plot of contractions and expansions that is not foreign to the discursive voyage itself. In this article we analyze, Valer la pena (2001), a collection of poems by the [...] Argentine writer Juan Gelman in order to follow the semiosis that makes possible the constitution of the city as a cenestesic space in which the shame of the lyric self shapes places and sites. It concerns a kaleidoscopic work where each edge allows us to follow an autonomous course (that which we follow is just one) in order to try to comprehend a wide poetic world.

  11. Genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex in Jos, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Agbaji Oche; Agaba Patricia; Okoh Yetunde; Bruvik Torbjørn; Ani Agatha; Idoko John; Dahle Ulf R

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Nigeria has a high tuberculosis incidence, and genotyping studies of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex (MTC) in the country are necessary in order to improve our understanding of the epidemic. Methods Isolates of MTC were isolated from cases of pulmonary tuberculosis in Jos, North Central region of Nigeria during 2006-2008. Drug susceptibility test (DST) was performed on 77 of 111 isolates by proportion method on Lowenstein Jensen (LJ) slope while genotyping of mycobacter...

  12. Genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex in Jos, Nigeria

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    Agbaji Oche

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Nigeria has a high tuberculosis incidence, and genotyping studies of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex (MTC in the country are necessary in order to improve our understanding of the epidemic. Methods Isolates of MTC were isolated from cases of pulmonary tuberculosis in Jos, North Central region of Nigeria during 2006-2008. Drug susceptibility test (DST was performed on 77 of 111 isolates by proportion method on Lowenstein Jensen (LJ slope while genotyping of mycobacterial DNA was performed by spoligotyping. The SpolDB4 database and the model-based program 'spotclust' were used to assign isolates to families, subfamilies and variants. Results A total of 111 pulmonary isolates from consecutive tuberculosis patients in the city of Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria were spoligotyped. A total of 84 (76% of the isolates belonged to the Latin American Mediterranean (LAM family. Of these, 78 isolates were assigned to the LAM10 lineage. Among these, 66 exhibited identical spoligopatterns. Drug susceptibility profiles obtained were not consistently associated with any spoligopattern. Conclusions The dominance of few M. tuberculosis lineages suggests either a high rate of transmission, frequent import of closely related strains, or a highly conserved genotype. It remains to be confirmed whether the predominance of identical LAM10 represent an outbreak. Spoligotyping was useful to gain an overall understanding of the local TB epidemic. This study demonstrated that the incidence of TB in Jos, Nigeria may be caused by a few successful M. tuberculosis families, dominated by the LAM10 family.

  13. A 18^th century thermometer recipe: The begin of experimental physics courses in Guadalajara, M'exico?

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Alba Martinez, Durruty Jesus

    2007-03-01

    As a part of the Special Funds Collection of the Jalisco's State Public Library ``Juan Jos'e Arreola'' is a physics course manuscript attributed to Francisco Javier Clavigero s.j. (1731-1787), teacher at the Jesuit Colegio de Santo Tom'as (a college-level institution in Guadalajara before the university opening), inside of the vellum bounded volume is a unbounded folio containing instructions on how to build a thermometer. In this work are discussed some evidences of the belonging of such folio to the manuscript in spite of their differences (it is written in Spanish not in Latin as the whole), we also describe the process to construct the thermometer and how could be the experimental part of the physics course. Also is briefly exposed the importance of the educational role of Clavigero as a builder of the concept of mexicanity.

  14. Caramuel z Lobkovic, Juan [slovníkové heslo].

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Dvo?ák, Petr

    Vol. 9. Praha : Libri, 2008, s. 385-386. ISBN 978-80-7277-366-4 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90090514 Keywords : Juan Caramuel * Scholasticism * history of philosophy Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  15. O narrador solidário de Juan Coytisolo

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    Annete de Almeida Faria

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Este artigo se propõe a analisar a construção do narrador de Cuaderno de Sarajevo: anotaciones de un viaje a la barbarie (1993, do escritor espanhol Juan Goytisolo, como expressão estética do seu compromisso ético. Tomamos como referência O narrador de Walter Benjamin para entender o narrador goytisolano como aquele que através das viagens busca o “outro”, elabora um arquivo memorial polifônico, misturando diferentes tipos de linguagem para dar voz às minorias.Palavras-chave: Literatura espanhola; Juan Goytisolo; Cuaderno de Sarajevo: anotaciones de un viaje a la barbarie; Walter Benjamin; O narrador; polifonia.Resumen: El propósito de este artículo consiste en analizar la construcción del narrador de Cuaderno de Sarajevo: anotaciones de un viaje a la barbarie (1993, del escritor español Juan Goytisolo, como expresión estética de su compromisso ético. Tomamos como base el ensayo El narrador, de Walter Benjamin, para comprender al narrador goytisolano como el que viaja en busca del “oro” (otredad para componer un archivo memorial polifónico, mezclando diferentes tipos de lenguaje para dar voz a las minorías.Palabras-clave: Literatura española; Juan Goytisolo; Cuaderno de Sarajevo: anotaciones de un viaje a la barbarie; Walter Benjamin; El narrador; polifonía.Keywords: Spanish literature; Juan Goytisolo; Cuaderno de Sarajevo: anotaciones de un viaje a la barbarie; Walter Benjamin; El narrador; poliphony.

  16. Aukštojo mokslo konkurencingumo didinimas: Piet? Kor?jos atvejis

    OpenAIRE

    Ozols, Andris; Ozola, Elena

    2010-01-01

    Globalizacijos ir visuotin?s konkurencijos laikais reikšmingiausios ir svarbiausios informacin?s visuomen?s ir žini? ekonomikos dalys greta informacini? technologij? ir pasaulinio informacijos tinklo yra švietimas ir žini? k?rimas. Tarp šali?, besiskelbian?i?, kad jos pl?toja žini? ekonomik?, Piet? Kor?ja priskiriama prie ryžtingiausi? ir nuosekliausi?. Nors Piet? Kor?jos aukštojo mokslo sistema laikoma esan?ia geros kokyb?s, šios šalies vyriausyb? nusprend?,...

  17. Un contrato inédito de Juan de Juanes. El retablo de la Cofradía de la Sangre de Cristo de Valencia (1539

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    Gómez-Ferrer, Mercedes

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This article is based on an unpublished contract signed in 1539 by Vicente and Juan Macip for an altarpiece for the Valencian Brotherhood of the Blood of Christ. The agreement stipulates that Juan, later known as Juan de Juanes, had to paint the scenes. Thus the document reinforces the hypothesis that Juan Macip was the most important painter in the Macip workshop during the 1530’s. It also fills a documental void in between the completion of the Silversmith’s Guild altarpiece (1534-1539 and the contract for the Fuente la Higuera altarpiece (1548. This study also verifies the popularity of the iconography of the seven sheddings of the Blood of Christ and processions of disciplinants.

    Se presenta un contrato inédito suscrito por la Cofradía de la Sangre de Cristo de la ciudad de Valencia con Vicente y Juan Macip en 1539. En él se especifica que sea pintado por Juan, más conocido con posterioridad como Juan de Juanes. Se refuerza la hipótesis que permite concretar a Juan Macip como el pintor más importante del taller de los Macip durante la década de los 30, al tiempo que se llena un vacío documental entre la entrega del retablo del gremio de plateros (1534-1539 y la contratación del retablo de Fuente la Higuera (1548. Se constata igualmente la popularidad de la iconografía de los siete derramamientos de la Sangre de Cristo y la procesión de los disciplinantes.

  18. 78 FR 72060 - Chimney Rock National Monument Management Plan; San Juan National Forest; Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-02

    ...Monument Management Plan; San Juan National Forest; Colorado AGENCY...2013 San Juan National Forest Land and Resource Management Plan to provide for...2013 San Juan National Forest Land and Resource Management Plan. The...

  19. Juan Antonio Rubio Rodriguez (1944 – 2010)

    CERN Multimedia

    His colleagues and friends

    2010-01-01

    It was with deep sorrow and great sadness that we learnt that Juan Antonio Rubio Rodriguez had passed away on 16th January 2010. Juan Antonio was born in Madrid on 4th June 1944, and received his Ph. D. in Physics in 1971 from“Universidad Complutense de Madrid”. He was a CERN Fellow (1968 – 1971) and subsequently worked at JEN (currently CIEMAT) as a researcher (1971 – 1976). He was leader of the HEP group (1977 – 1981), leader of the Nuclear and Particle Physics Division (1981 – 1983), Director for Basic Research (1983 – 1987) and Scientific Director (1984 – 1987). He was instrumental in the Spanish accession to CERN approved by the Spanish Government at the end of 1982 and ratified by the Spanish Parliament in June 1983. He served at CERN (1987 – 2004) as Group Leader (1987 – 1990), Scientific Advisor to the Director-General (1990 – 2000) and as Division Leader of the Education and Technology T...

  20. Juan's Dilemma: A New Twist on the Old Lemon Battery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt, Vanessa; Sorey, Timothy; Balandova, Evguenia; Palmquist, Bruce

    2010-01-01

    When life hands you lemons, make a battery! In this article, the authors describe an activity they refer to as "Juan's Dilemma," an extension of the familiar lemon-battery activity (Goodisman 2001). Juan's Dilemma integrates oxidation and reduction chemistry with circuit theory in a fun, real-world exercise. The authors designed this activity for…

  1. 76 FR 19781 - Protection Island and San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuges, Jefferson, San Juan, Skagit...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-08

    ...Assessment AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior...the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service...final comprehensive conservation plan (CCP) and finding...Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuges (NWRs). In...any of the following methods. You may request...

  2. Particularidades del escurrimiento de la cuenca cubana San Juan / Runoff particularities of Cuban basin San Juan

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Katia Luisa, Rosario Rodríguez; Viera, Petrova Nicolaevna; Alberto, Cuéllar Valenzuela; Dailene, Acosta Freyre; Armando, Hernández Valdés; Haydée, Llanusa Ruiz.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La cuenca San Juan, dividida en las subcuencas San Juan, San Agustín y Cañas, difiere totalmente de otras cuencas de la provincia. Los altos valores de los módulos del escurrimiento medio de los ríos y sus distribuciones dentro del año e hiperanual confirman esta particularidad, la cual fue comproba [...] da con las investigaciones complementarias realizadas durante el periodo seco del 2011. El análisis del comportamiento del escurrimiento de la subcuenca San Agustín-Cañas, incluyendo el funcionamiento del trasvase MatanzasMayabeque, conllevó a los decisores a desarrollar un programa de gestión integrada de los recursos hídricos de esta cuenca. Abstract in english The San Juan basin, divided into sub-basins San Juan, San Agustín and Cañas, is completely different from other basins in the province. The high modular values of average river runoff, its within-year distribution and its overyear distribution confirm this peculiarity, which was checked with additio [...] nal research conducted during the dry period of 2011. The behavior of the subbasin runoff of San Agustín-Cañas, including the operation of the water diversion canal MatanzasMayabeque, led the decision makers to develop an integrated water resources management program for this basin.

  3. Juan Oso y la redención del salvaje / Juan Oso and the Redemption of the Savage Man

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Roberto, Martínez González; Francisco, Lugo Silva.

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available La intención principal de este trabajo es mostrar el modo en que un mito puede ser usado para explicar la otredad a partir de los propios términos culturales. En la primera parte de este texto los autores presentan un análisis del relato español de Juan Oso y concluyen que éste simboliza la redenció [...] n del salvaje. En la segunda sección, muestran la manera en que Juan Oso fue calibrado para describir nuevas realidades durante el proceso colonial: el origen de poblaciones mestizas. Finalmente, exponen cómo esta clase de mitos subsiste en las sociedades occidentales modernas. Abstract in english The main goal of this paper is to show how a myth can be used to explain the otherness in self cultural terms. The fist part of this text presents an analysis of the Spanish tale of Juan Oso and concludes that it symbolizes de redemption of the savage man. The second part explains how Juan Oso was c [...] alibrated to describe new realities during the colonization process: the origin of mixed ethnic populations (mestizos). Finally, it exposes how this kind of myth subsists in modern western societies.

  4. INTERVIEW-Entrevista a Juan Mayorga

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    Mónica Molanes Rial

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Juan Mayorga es uno de los dramaturgos más relevantes del panorama teatral actual que cuenta con gran proyección internacional. Ganador de los principales premios de teatro del país, ha publicado más de una veintena de textos dramáticos largos, casi treinta piezas breves, varias versiones de autores clásicos españoles y europeos y una amplia producción ensayística. Se ha estrenado recientemente como director teatral.Dentro de su obra dramática, el teatro breve tiene una importancia capital. A finales de 2009 se publicó en Ñaque una recopilación que reúne sus 28 piezas breves bajo el título de Teatro para minutos.

  5. The eLearning Fellowship Program at the University of Jos, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adewumi, S. E.; Dooga, J.; Dakas, D. C. J.; Yakmut, D. I.; Mafwil, T. J.

    2011-01-01

    This report describes the eLearning Fellowship Program at the University of Jos (UNIJOS), first introduced in October 2008 through a grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York and recently adopted by the Partnership for Higher Education in Africa (PHEA) Educational Technology Initiative (ETI). The fellowship is a one-year program aimed at…

  6. Epidemiology of Accident Deaths in Jos, Nigeria (1996-2000

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    Mandong B

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Accidents are common events in our society and have contributed significantly to causes of morbidity and mortality in most hospitals. In our environment accidents are fast becoming the commonest cause of death. Only few cases of these accidents are reported to the corona for investigation. Methods: Records of deaths from January 1996- December 2000 reported to the corona for autopsies from two major Hospitals in Jos city were analyzed. Those related to accidents were retrieved and studied. Information from the Police regarding causes of accidents was also extracted. Data on the deceased such as age, sex, and nature of injury were also collated. Police reports on the contributing factors to accidents were also analysed. Results: A total of 270 cases of deaths were reported to the corona for autopsies out of which 122 (45% were accident deaths. One hundred and three (86% cases were males while 19 cases were females. Two-thirds of deaths (60% were in the productive age group of 21— 40 years. Multiple fractures long bones without head injury accounted for 37.7% of deaths, followed by head/upper spinal injuries 24.6%, crushed body injuries 22%, while, intra-abdominal organ injuries which accounted for 15.6%. Analysis of types of accidents showed that vehicle, motorcycle, airplane crash and pedestrian accidents accounted for 59.8%, 20.5%, 10.7% and 9.0% respectively. Information from the Police on motor vehicle accidents, records showed that 50% of the accidental events were due to dangerous driving under the influence of alcohol. Conclusion: Accident death in our environment appears to affect mostly men in the productive and reproductive age groups. However measures that regulate vehicle speed on the road and alcohol intake by drivers may reduce more than half of such deaths.

  7. Juan Preciado: viaje, ilusión y esperanza / Juan Preciado: Journey, Illusion, and Hope

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sonia, Peña.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Pedro Páramo es quizás uno de los textos que más ha influido en las letras hispanoamericanas. Muchos son los estudios que se han realizado a esta obra, algunos de ellos insisten en el tono pesimista de la misma. La novela inicia con un viaje, el del hijo que sale en busca de su padre para cumplir la [...] promesa hecha a la madre en el lecho de muerte. Esta ha sido la interpretación más difundida por la crítica. Sin embargo, si se lee detenidamente el discurso del protagonista se cae en la cuenta de que no es ése el motivo principal de su viaje a Comala. En realidad, Juan Preciado es movido por la esperanza que era "aquel señor" llamado Pedro Páramo, no por la promesa hecha a Dolores, de la que él mismo dice que no pensaba cumplir hasta que comenzó a llenarse de sueños, de ilusiones y de esperanza. El viaje de Juan va de la esperanza a la ilusión para terminar en la muerte. La acción se arraiga en ese sentimiento que mueve a todo ser humano y se convierte así en una extensa metáfora del sentido (o sin sentido) de la vida. Este escrito reflexiona sobre la presencia de la esperanza y de la ilusión en la novela de Juan Rulfo. Abstract in english Pedro Paramo is perhaps one of the literary texts that has had the greatest influence on Spanish American letters. Many studies have been done related to this work, and some of them insist on its pessimistic tone. The novel begins with the journey of a son who sets out to look for his father in orde [...] r to fulfill the promise made to his mother as she lay dying. This has been the most widely diffused interpretation given by critics. Nevertheless, if one reads carefully the discourse of the protagonist, one comes to understand the principle motive for his journey to Comala. In reality, Juan Preciado is motivated by the hope that it was "that man" named Pedro Paramo that prompted the journey, not the promise made to Dolores, something that he himself says that he was not planning to fulfill until he started to be filled with dreams, illusions, and hope. Juan's journey goes from hope to illusion, culminating in death. The action is rooted in that sentiment that moves every human being and thus changes in an extensive metaphor for the meaning (or without meaning) of life. This manuscript reflects on the presence of hope and illusion in the novel of Juan Rulfo.

  8. Juan Preciado: viaje, ilusión y esperanza Juan Preciado: Journey, Illusion, and Hope

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Peña

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Pedro Páramo es quizás uno de los textos que más ha influido en las letras hispanoamericanas. Muchos son los estudios que se han realizado a esta obra, algunos de ellos insisten en el tono pesimista de la misma. La novela inicia con un viaje, el del hijo que sale en busca de su padre para cumplir la promesa hecha a la madre en el lecho de muerte. Esta ha sido la interpretación más difundida por la crítica. Sin embargo, si se lee detenidamente el discurso del protagonista se cae en la cuenta de que no es ése el motivo principal de su viaje a Comala. En realidad, Juan Preciado es movido por la esperanza que era "aquel señor" llamado Pedro Páramo, no por la promesa hecha a Dolores, de la que él mismo dice que no pensaba cumplir hasta que comenzó a llenarse de sueños, de ilusiones y de esperanza. El viaje de Juan va de la esperanza a la ilusión para terminar en la muerte. La acción se arraiga en ese sentimiento que mueve a todo ser humano y se convierte así en una extensa metáfora del sentido (o sin sentido de la vida. Este escrito reflexiona sobre la presencia de la esperanza y de la ilusión en la novela de Juan Rulfo.Pedro Paramo is perhaps one of the literary texts that has had the greatest influence on Spanish American letters. Many studies have been done related to this work, and some of them insist on its pessimistic tone. The novel begins with the journey of a son who sets out to look for his father in order to fulfill the promise made to his mother as she lay dying. This has been the most widely diffused interpretation given by critics. Nevertheless, if one reads carefully the discourse of the protagonist, one comes to understand the principle motive for his journey to Comala. In reality, Juan Preciado is motivated by the hope that it was "that man" named Pedro Paramo that prompted the journey, not the promise made to Dolores, something that he himself says that he was not planning to fulfill until he started to be filled with dreams, illusions, and hope. Juan's journey goes from hope to illusion, culminating in death. The action is rooted in that sentiment that moves every human being and thus changes in an extensive metaphor for the meaning (or without meaning of life. This manuscript reflects on the presence of hope and illusion in the novel of Juan Rulfo.

  9. Depression among medical outpatients with diabetes: A cross-sectional study at Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agbir T

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Clinical depression is a common problem among patients who seek medical care, and diabetic patients with comorbid depression tend to have higher health care cost. A dearth of literature exists on depression among diabetics in Nigeria. The objectives of the study were to determine the prevalence of depression among diabetic patients and to determine the sociodemographic correlates of depression among diabetics. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted between December 2005 and April 2006 among patients who attend the diabetes clinic of Jos University Teaching Hospital (JUTH with a laboratory and clinical evidence of diabetes mellitus. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to record the sociodemographic data of each consecutive patient followed by an interview by psychiatrists using the depression module of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-I V axis I disorder (SCID. Subsequently, the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HDRS was used to determine the severity of symptoms among subjects diagnosed with depression according to DSM-I V criteria. Results: Thirty-one of the 160 subjects fulfilled the DSM-IV criteria for the diagnosis of a major depressive episode giving a 1-year prevalence rate of 19.4%. Depression was significantly correlated with sex (P=0.001 with a female-to-male ratio of 3:1 and was also significantly associated with unmarried diabetics (P=0.002 and those who had a poor relationship with their partners (P=0.04. No significant association was found between depression and the respondents? age (P=0.216, educational qualifications (P=0.268, employment status (P=0.84, place of residence (P=0.80, household composition (P=0.77, and monthly income (P=0.110. Conclusion: Depression is a common psychiatric disorder among diabetic subjects in this environment. It was suggested that diabetic patients be screened for depression to allow for early detection and treatment.

  10. Saludo a Juan Pablo Izquierdo / A Salute to Juan Pablo Izquierdo

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    León, Schidlowsky.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo pasa revista a los contactos entre Juan Pablo Izquierdo y el compositor chileno-israelí León Schidlowsky cuando ambos residían en Chile hace cincuenta años. Hans Loewe, un violonchelista germano-chileno, fue también parte del grupo. Continuaron los contactos posteriormente en Israel, p [...] aís en que León Schidlowsky reside en la actualidad, cuando Izquierdo se hizo cargo de la dirección musical de los Festivales Testimonium que se realizan en Jerusalén. Abstract in english This article deals with the musical and personal contacts of Juan Pablo Izquierdo with León Schidlowsky, a Chilean-Israeli composer. These contacts started some fifty years ago when both Izquierdo and Schidlowsky resided in Chile. Hans Loewe, a German-Chilean cellist, was also part of this group. Af [...] terwards they resumed their contact in Israel, where Schidlowsky presently resides, when Izquierdo became musical director of the Testimonium Israel Festival in Jerusalem.

  11. Juan Verdejo en los escenarios de Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maximiliano Salinas Campos

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available ¿Cómo ha sido el humor popular en tiempos de crisis? Esa parece ser la invitación que nos hace el autor del texto al revisar los episodios más notables del teatro cómico y del humor revisteril chileno durante los años más duros de la Gran Depresión. El espacio físico, los artistas, incluso los títulos de las obras hacen referencia a una vida nocturna que ha desaparecido de Santiago. A través de la prensa, Maximiliano Salinas nos hace testigos de las disputas entre los representantes de la cultura de elite y los defensores del humor criollo, representado en la figura del personaje Juan Verdejo. Como en un carnaval, comprendemos que la dureza y el sufrimiento de la vida se convierten, por medio de estos artesanos del gesto y la palabra ingeniosa, en una explosión de creación artística y combate de la depresión económica y también sicológica.

  12. Strait of Juan de Fuca 36 arc-second DEM

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The 36-second Strait of Juan de Fuca Washington Elevation Grid provides bathymetric data in ASCII raster format of 36-second resolution in geographic coordinates....

  13. The Trail Inventory of San Juan Islands NWR [Cycle 2

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The purpose of this report is to create a baseline inventory of all nonmotorized trails on San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge. Trails in this inventory are...

  14. Colombia kunstnik Juan Manuel Echavarría Tallinnas / Kadri Karro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karro, Kadri

    2011-01-01

    Juan Manuel Echavarría külastab Tallinna 12.-15. aprillini 2011, 13. apr.-l toimub Eesti Kunstiakadeemia Rüütelkonna hoones tema artist talk. Kunstniku holograafiliste trükiste sarjast "Reekviem NN" (2008-2010), mida eksponeeritakse Tallinna 15. graafikatriennaalil Kumu Kunstimuuseumis

  15. O mito de Don Juan e a subjetividade moderna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Victor Bezerra

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1807-1384.2014v11n2p72A lendária figura de Don Juan habita o imaginário popular com vivacidade e extensão dignas de um mito, apesar de seu pouco reconhecimento enquanto tal, na literatura científica. O objetivo deste artigo é verificar se Don Juan pode ser entendido como um mito moderno; compreender sua natureza mítica e a sua relação com o homem moderno. Buscamos nos orientar por uma análise estruturalista e histórica de duas obras literárias sobre Don Juan: a escrita por Tirso de Molina, em 1630, e a de Molière, escrita em 1665. As análises realizadas permitem sustentar que Don Juan é um mito tipicamente moderno ao se constituir por narrativas que pinçam, dão forma, concretude e inteligibilidade a um mundo e a um homem nascentes sob os signos do individualismo, da burla da lei, do hedonismo, da arrogância e ousadia, forjados a partir da sexualidade.

  16. Juan Linz ja eestlane Aleksander Kesküla / Kaido Jaanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jaanson, Kaido, 1940-

    2002-01-01

    Eestlasest revolutsionääri Aleksander Kesküla elust Hispaanias aastail 1934-1963. Artikli aluseks on A. Kesküla Hispaania-perioodi väheste sõprade, eelkõige tänaseks rahvusvaheliselt tunnustatud sotsioloogi Juan Linz'i meenutused

  17. Strait of Juan de Fuca 1 arc-second DEM

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The 1-second Strait of Juan de Fuca Washington Elevation Grid provides bathymetric data in ASCII raster format of 1-second resolution in geographic coordinates....

  18. Brechas intraclásticas (tsunamitas?) en el tope de la Formación San Juan (Darriwiliano), Precordillera de San Juan, Argentina: microfacies y Conodontes / Intraclastic breccias (tsunamites) on the top of San Juan Formation (Darriwillian), San Juan Precordillera, Argentina: microfacies and conodonts

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ana, Mestre.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Se describen por primera vez niveles de brechas intraclásticas en el último metro de la Formación San Juan, Precordillera Central (San Juan-Argentina). Las características microfaciales, relaciones litofaciales y las variaciones en las poblaciones de conodontes asociadas a las mismas permiten interp [...] retarlas como depósitos producidos por eventos erosivos de gran magnitud que habrían sido generados por tsunamis o tormentas fuera de serie que afectaron la rampa carbonática durante el Darriwiliano medio. Abstract in english This paper describes for the first time intraclastic breccias beds in the last meter of the San Juan Formation, Central Precordillera (San Juan, Argentina). The microfacial features, lithofacial relations and variations in conodont population linked with the conglomerate allow us to defineinterpreti [...] ng that these deposits were produced by a great eroding event, possibly generated by a tsunami or storms out of series which has affected the carbonate ramp during the Middle Darriwilian.

  19. Protection Island and San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuges: Comprehensive Conservation Plan and San Juan Islands Wilderness Stewardship Plan

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This CCP will guide the management of wildlife, habitat, and cultural resources on Protection Island and San Juan Islands NWRs for the next 15 years. This...

  20. Wind speed distribution and performance of some selected wind turbines in Jos, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Aidan

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The wind speed data of Jos have been shown to be either gamma or normally distributed. The wind is available and could be used for both residential and large scale power generation. At respective hub heights of 15m and 100m, at least 23% and 40% of Iskra AT5-1 and Micon NM 82 wind turbines installed capacities can averagely be generated respectively. A Micon NM 82 installed at a height of 100m in Jos can service about 210 homes each consuming at most 3kW of electrical power. The site is therefore good and the performance of the best two wind turbines attractive for investors.

  1. Prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among inmates in Jos maximum security prison

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aishatu Y. Armiya’u

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The prevalence of psychiatric illness in correctional settings is significantly elevated, with higher than community rates reported in most mental disorders. The prison is a correctional institution in which inmates have limited liberty, autonomy, and communication with family and friends. This can be devastating to some inmates thereby leading to deterioration in their physical, psychological and social wellbeing. The study was aimed to determine the prevalence of axis 1 psychiatric disorders and associated factors among prison inmates in Jos, Nigeria. Method: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out in Jos maximum security prison among 608 inmates. Two sets of data collection instruments were used namely (General Health Questionnaire GHQ-28 and (Composite International Diagnostic Interview CIDI. SPSS statistical software package for windows version 15.0 was used for data analysis and test of significance was set at P

  2. Utilization of modern contraceptives among female traders in Jos South LGA of Plateau state, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Envuladu E.A; Agbo H.A; Mohammed A; Chia L; Kigbu J.H; Zoakah A.I

    2012-01-01

    Background: Contraceptive use is seen as pivotal to protecting women’s health and rights, contraception when accepted and used by majority of women in any given community has been shown to reduce unwanted pregnancy, high parity and consequently maternal mortality. Aim: The study aimed at determining the level of awareness, utilization, preferred methods of contraceptives and factors affecting contraceptive use among female traders of Jos south Local government area of Plateau state. Materia...

  3. Anthropometric and other assessment indices of the newborn in Jos, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Mutihir J; Pam S

    2006-01-01

    Background : Certain neonatal measurements are potential tools for evaluating the status of the newborn. The neonatal anthropometrics measurements and other assessment indices are therefore religiously performedby the attending midwife and entered into the labour room register. Method :This was a retrospective analysis of the infants delivered between January 2004 and December 2005 in the Jos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. Results :There were 4,266 deliveries during the study period. ...

  4. Objetualismo en Juan Luis Martínez: el significante palpable / Objectualism of Juan Luis Martínez: the palpable significant

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Zenaida, Suárez M.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo explora una parte de las obras de Juan Luis Martínez, La Nueva Novela y La Poesía Chilena, referida a la inclusión de objetos en el entramado textual y que da nacimiento, dentro de la neovanguardia literaria chilena, a una nueva técnica, el objetualismo, que junto con la pictografía y e [...] l collage van a ser características de este movimiento. Este objetualismo responde a un nuevo modo de entender el texto como un entramado en el que la exclusividad de la palabra ha sido desplazada por un signo corpóreo de significante palpable, el objeto, que aumenta las posibilidades expresivas e interpretativas del signo literario y da lugar a lo que conocemos como obra-objeto. Abstract in english In the context of the neo-avant-garde literary, this paper explores parts of two works of Juan Luis Martinez, La Nueva Novela and La Poesía Chilena, where the author incorporates objects in the textual fabric, giving birth to a new technique, the objectualism. This technique, together with the picto [...] graph and collage became characteristics of this movement in chilean literary. The objectualism represents a new way of understanding the text, in whose body the words has been displaced by a corporeal sign with tangible significant. The object in the textual fabric enhances the expressive and interpretive possibilities of the literary signs, which results in what today we know as object-work.

  5. Juan Gonzalo Restrepo Londoño. Semblanzas de un empresario Juan Gonzalo Restrepo Londoño. Semblanzas de un empresario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jairo Andrés Campuzano Hoyos

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Es este un breve recorrido por la vida de Juan Gonzalo Restrepo Londoño,quien además de tener la fortuna de crecer en el seno de una familia tradicionalantioqueña, fue haciéndose portador de invaluables conocimientos que lepermitirían engranarse exitosamente en la maquinaria empresarial colombianadurante la segunda mitad del siglo xx. La institución de la familia, el conocimientodel entorno natural y social, y una marcada propensión al servicio de los interesesregionales, serán, entre otros, los elementos que caractericen y hagan comprensiblelas ejecutorias de este empresario multifacético e innovador.This is a brief journey through the life of Juan Gonzalo Restrepo Londoño. Besides having the fortune of growing up within the heart of a traditional family of Antioquia, he became bearer of invaluable knowledge since his youth, which allowed him to engage successfully in the entrepreneurial machinery of the region during the second half of the XXth century.The institution of the family, the knowledge of the natural and social context and a marked tendency to serve the interests of a region would be, among others, the elements to characterize and make intelligible the actions of this versatile and innovative businessman.

  6. Sobre el único ejemplar latinoamericano de la primera edición de De revolutionibus orbium caelestium de Copérnico, en Guadalajara, Jalisco, México

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    S., Galindo; D.J. de, Alba Martínez.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available La Biblioteca Pública "Juan José Arreola" del estado de Jalisco dependiente de la Universidad de Guadalajara, tiene en su custodia el único ejemplar hasta ahora localizado en Latinoamérica, de la primera edición (1543) del De revolutionibus orbium caelestíum de Nicolás Copérnico. El presente artícul [...] o da a conocer algunos detalles preliminares relacionados con dicho ejemplar. Abstract in english The "Juan José Arreola" Jalisco's Public Library at the Universidad de Guadalajara treasures the only surviving first edition copy (1543) in Latin America of Nicholas Copernicus's De revolutionibus orbium calestium. The present work gives some preliminary details related to the mentioned copy. [...

  7. The Forts of Old San Juan: Guardians of the Caribbean. Teaching with Historic Places.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weltzin, Rosanna

    The massive masonry defenses of Old San Juan, Puerto Rico, which were begun in the 16th century, exist today as the oldest European-style fortifications within the territory of the United States. This lesson is based on the World Heritage Site nomination file and the National Park Service Handbook, "San Juan: The Forts of Old San Juan." The lesson…

  8. Chemical Water Quality Assessment in Selected Location in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.G. Jidauna

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The study examined well water quality (chemical in Jos metropolis which it collected a total of twenty water samples that were taken for laboratory analysis. The stratified systematic random method was used in the selection of sample area/location. A total of (10 out of the existing (20 wards were systematically selected, while in each of the wards, two wells with one each from higher and lower elevations were randomly selected in which water samples were collected. The samples collected were analyses at UNICEF (WATSAN Laboratory Bauchi. USEPA method of water analysis was used to test for the chemical parameters. Pearson product moment correlation co-efficient was used test for the relationship between high and low elevation in the sample elements, as well as mean and standard deviation. The results indicates that pH, E.C, TDS, Pb, As and Cyanide appears within NSDWQMPL, while NO2, Cl, F, Mn, Mg, Ca, Cu, Zn, CaCo3 and Cr marginally falls within acceptable standard for drinking water quality maximum permitted limit. Consequently, NO3, SO4, Fe and CaCo3 in some parts of Jos metropolis fall outside acceptable standard of NSDWQMPL. Moreover, pH, E.C, TDS, Pb, NO2, NO3, Cl, F, Mn, Cr, As, Cu, Zn, showed that there is no significant relationship within the individual elements in regards to elevation (high and low in the study area whereas, SO4, Fe, Mg, Ca, CaCo 3 and CaCo3 showed that there is significant relationship in elevation (high and low among the individual sample elements. The study concludes that well water quality through chemical assessment in Jos metropolis is not fit for drinking. It recommends sensitizations campaign on the importance of clean water, sanitation, enforcement of existing laws and more research be undertaken to cover for seasonal variation, more elements and sample size.

  9. Umbrales: La escritura cinemática de Juan Emar / The Cinematic Writing of Juan Emar

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Wolfgang, Bongers.

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo desarrollará la idea de que la escritura crítica, metaficcional y autorreferente de Juan Emar -desde las "Notas de Arte" (1924-1927) hasta el proyecto monumental de Umbral (1940-1964)- puede comprenderse, por un lado, como espacio de resonancia de una estructura cinemática de percepción [...] que se perfila como fundamental experiencia de vida durante la primera mitad del siglo XX. Por otro lado, sus textos, en diferentes niveles enunciativos, son parte de la conceptualización de esta misma experiencia. En este sentido, lo cinemático es un imaginario multiforme de la percepción del movimiento que culmina en el cine de vanguardia de los años veinte; mientras que lo cinematográfico se relaciona con el fenómeno del cine propiamente tal, sus posibilidades tecnológicas y los elementos que lo convierten en espectáculo. Estos polos tensionan la escritura de Emar en el nivel referencial, reflexivo, y estético-formal. Abstract in english This article will develop the notion that the critical, metafictional and self-referential writings of Chilean author Juan Emar - from his "Notas de arte" (1924-1927) to his monumental project Umbral (1940-1964) - can be understood as a space for the resonance of a cinematic structure of perception [...] that emerged as an essential experience during the first half of the 20th century. On the other hand, his texts, in diverse levels of enunciation, are part of the conceptualization of the same experience. In this sense, the cinematic is a polymorphic imaginary of movement perception which culminates in the avant-garde cinema of the 1920s; whereas the cinematographic is related more strictly to the phenomenon of cinema, the technological possibilities and the elements that transform it into spectacle. These poles create tension on various levels of Emarís writing: the referential, the reflexive, the formal-esthetic.

  10. El finlaísmo en el Dr. Juan Guiteras Gener / The Finlayism in Dr. Juan Guiteras Gener

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José, Fernández Morín; Esther Georgina, Báez Pérez.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available En conmemoración al 177 aniversario del natalicio del Dr. Carlos J. Finlay Barres, sin lugar a dudas, el más grande médico y científico cubano, se realizó una breve revisión histórica, con el objetivo de exponer el sentimiento de compañerismo y amistad que le profesara el Dr. Juan Guiteras Gener, qu [...] ien dedicó, además, una gran parte de su vida y obra a reivindicar la gloria de Finlay, y a defender la teoría por él elaborada, la cual fue posteriormente conceptualizada en la expresión sintética de finlaísmo. Recordando algunos de los pasajes más fecundos del ilustre médico matancero, cuyo nombre lleva con orgullo la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de la provincia, y a quien se le hace justicia y tributo de honor al denominarlo el fundador del finlaísmo entre sus compatriotas. Abstract in english Commemorating the 177 anniversary of Dr. Carlos J. Finlay Barres, without any doubts the biggest Cuban physician and scientific, we made a brief historical review, with the objective of exposing the sense of comradeship and friendship professed to him by Dr Juan Guiteras Gener, who also dedicated gr [...] eat part of his life and work to vindicate Finlay's glory, and to defend the theory he elaborated, and was later conceptualized in the synthetic expression of finlayism. We remember some of the most prolific passages of the illustrious Matanzas physician, whose name carries the Medicine Faculty of the provincial Medical Sciences University, and whom we make justice and rend honor when calling him the founder of finlayism among his fellow countrymen.

  11. Juan Nuño Y Su Filosofía de Wittgenstein / Juan Nuño and his Wittgenstein philosophy

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Vanessa, Alcaíno.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Juan Nuño fue un pensador innovador de nuestro país al que se le debe mucho del crecimiento de nuestra filosofía. Entre sus logros encontramos su apropiación de las teorías de Ludwig Wittgenstein y su interpretación de ellas. Logró comprenderlas, asimilarlas, criticarlas y transformarlas en lo que s [...] e convertiría en parte de su aporte filosófico. Por eso defendemos aquí que Nuño fue empáticamente wittgenstaniano, ambos coincidían en sus ideas sobre lo que debía ser la filosofía, la importante relación con el lenguaje y la manera de presentar sus ideas. Sin embargo, Nuño fue más allá planteando un pensamiento propio, sólido y adecuado a su realidad y necesidades, invitándonos con sus disertaciones a descubrir que la filosofía como actividad critica y reflexiva, basada en el buen uso del lenguaje, es una disciplina fascinante y vivaz. Abstract in english Juan Nuño was an innovative thinker of our country to whom we owe much of the growth of our philosophy. Among his achievements we find his appropriation of the theories of Ludwig Wittgenstein and his interpretation of them. He managed to understand, assimilate, criticize and transform them into what [...] would become part of his philosophical contribution. This is why we here defend that Nuño was empathically wittgenstarian, both of them agree in their ideas about what philosophy should be, its relation with language and manner of submitting the ideas. However, Nuño went far beyond his own thinking, solid and suitable to its reality and needs, inviting us with his dissertations to discover philosophy as a critical and reflective activity, based on the proper use of language, it is a fascinating and lively discipline.

  12. The Logic and Semantics of Modal Propositions in Juan Caramuel.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Dvo?ák, Petr

    19/43/, - (2005), s. 105-115. ISBN 80-7007-236-9. ISSN 0231-5955 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90090514 Keywords : Juan Caramuel y Lobkowicz * modal logic * modalities * late scholasticism Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  13. Don Juan Huarte de San Juan: El doctor que anticipó la melancolía de Don Quijote / Don Juan Huarte de San Juan: The doctor who antocipated Don Quixote´s Melancholy

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Pedro, García Martín.

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available El estado de enajenación del ingenioso hidalgo don Quijote lo había aprendido Cervantes a través del doctor Juan Huarte San Juan, autor del famoso ensayo Examen de ingenios, donde formula la teoría de los humores para explicar el cuerpo y el carácter del hombre. En este artículo, pues, repasaremos l [...] a biografía de este personaje, analizaremos la formación de los médicos en las universidades de la España del Siglo de Oro, la influencia del Examen en la Europa de su tiempo y en la obra cervantina a través de la melancolía de don Quijote y de la locura del Licenciado Vidriera. Para terminar con la aplicación literaria de las tesis sobre ingenios que definiera nuestro dilecto médico de resonancia mundial. Abstract in english Cervantes learned about Don Quixote's derangement through Juan Huarte de San Juan's famous treatise Examen de ingenios, where he deployed the humoral theory to explain human body and character. In this article Huarte's biography will be summarized, analyzing the academic background of golden age Spa [...] nish doctors, and the impact of Examen in Early Modern Europe and in Cervante's work by examining Don Quixote's melancholy and Licenciado Vidriera's madness. Finally, I will show how the internationally famous Spanish doctor's thesis was used in literature.

  14. Don Juan Huarte de San Juan: El doctor que anticipó la melancolía de Don Quijote Don Juan Huarte de San Juan: The doctor who antocipated Don Quixote´s Melancholy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro García Martín

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available El estado de enajenación del ingenioso hidalgo don Quijote lo había aprendido Cervantes a través del doctor Juan Huarte San Juan, autor del famoso ensayo Examen de ingenios, donde formula la teoría de los humores para explicar el cuerpo y el carácter del hombre. En este artículo, pues, repasaremos la biografía de este personaje, analizaremos la formación de los médicos en las universidades de la España del Siglo de Oro, la influencia del Examen en la Europa de su tiempo y en la obra cervantina a través de la melancolía de don Quijote y de la locura del Licenciado Vidriera. Para terminar con la aplicación literaria de las tesis sobre ingenios que definiera nuestro dilecto médico de resonancia mundial.Cervantes learned about Don Quixote's derangement through Juan Huarte de San Juan's famous treatise Examen de ingenios, where he deployed the humoral theory to explain human body and character. In this article Huarte's biography will be summarized, analyzing the academic background of golden age Spanish doctors, and the impact of Examen in Early Modern Europe and in Cervante's work by examining Don Quixote's melancholy and Licenciado Vidriera's madness. Finally, I will show how the internationally famous Spanish doctor's thesis was used in literature.

  15. The green areas of San Juan, Puerto Rico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga M. Ramos-González

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Green areas, also known as green infrastructure or urban vegetation, are vital to urbanites for their critical roles in mitigating urban heat island effects and climate change and for their provision of multiple ecosystem services and aesthetics. Here, I provide a high spatial resolution snapshot of the green cover distribution of the city of San Juan, Puerto Rico, by incorporating the use of morphological spatial pattern analysis (MSPA as a tool to describe the spatial pattern and connectivity of the city’s urban green areas. Analysis of a previously developed IKONOS 4-m spatial resolution classification of the city of San Juan from 2002 revealed a larger area of vegetation (green areas or green infrastructure than previously estimated by moderate spatial resolution imagery. The city as a whole had approximately 42% green cover and 55% impervious surfaces. Although the city appeared greener in its southern upland sector compared to the northern coastal section, where most built-up urban areas occurred (66% impervious surfaces, northern San Juan had 677 ha more green area cover dispersed across the city than the southern component. MSPA revealed that most forest cover occurred as edges and cores, and green areas were most commonly forest cores, with larger predominance in the southern sector of the municipality. In dense, built-up, urban land, most of the green areas occurred in private yards as islets. When compared to other cities across the United States, San Juan was most similar in green cover features to Boston, Massachusetts, and Miami, Florida. Per capita green space for San Juan (122.2 m²/inhabitant was also comparable to these two U.S. cities. This study explores the intra-urban vegetation variation in the city of San Juan, which is generally overlooked by moderate spatial resolution classifications in Puerto Rico. It serves as a starting point for green infrastructure mapping and landscape pattern analysis of the urban green spaces within the city of San Juan. The effectiveness of research and city planning will be further enhanced as a result of this type of finer-scale urban cover exploration.

  16. Los petroglifos del cerro blanco de zonda (San juan) / The petroglyphs of cerro blanco of zonda (San juan)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alejandro, García.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Recientes investigaciones en el Valle de Zonda (centro-sur de San Juan) permitieron descubrir un conjunto de petroglifos en una de las laderas del Cerro Blanco. La mayoría de las representaciones son figurativas (antropomorfos, camélidos, huellas de aves y felinos, serpientes, etc.). Su análisis y c [...] omparación indican que al menos una parte corresponden al período Aguada local. Asimismo, se discute la posible relación del sitio con el cercano canal matriz del sistema de riego prehispánico local y su importancia en el marco del proceso de integración regional que involucró al actual territorio de San Juan desde ca. 650 d.C. Abstract in english During recent research in the Zonda Valley (south-central San Juan) a group of petroglyphs was discovered on one of the slopes of Cerro Blanco. Most are figurative representations (anthropomorphs, camelids, birds and felines prints, snakes, etc.). Analysis and comparison of the figures indicate that [...] at least a portion corresponds to the local Aguada period. The possible relationship of the site with the nearby main canal of the local prehispanic irrigation system, and its importance in the context of the regional integration process involving the territory of San Juan from ca. 650 A.D., are also discussed.

  17. Zooplankton in the surrounding waters of the Juan Fernández Archipelago / Zooplancton en las aguas del archipiélago Juan Fernández

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mario, Petrillo; Marina, Giallain; Norberto, Della Croce.

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Un estudio para el conocimiento de los estadios larvales de Jasus frontalis (Milne-Edwards, 1836) ha permitido estimar la composición cualitativa y la estructura cuantitativa del zooplancton en las aguas del archipiélago Juan Fernández [...] Abstract in english [...

  18. Impact of Avian Influenza Outbreaks on Stakeholders in the Poultry Industry in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.G. Balami

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Avian influenza devastated the poultry industry and economy of Plateau State during the 2006 epidemic. A survey was conducted among some targeted stakeholders in the poultry industry in Jos north and Jos south local government areas of Plateau state using structured questionnaire to assess the impact of 2006 highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreak on their businesses. A total of 84 questionnaires were administered among the stake holders in the poultry industry out of which 76 (90.5% were returned and analyzed. The 76 stakeholders that returned their questionnaires included 8 (10.5% veterinary drug sellers, 6 (7.9% toll millers, 10 (13.2% commercial feeds distributors, 8 (10.5% feed raw material and 12(15.8% poultry equipment sellers, 15 (19.7% fowl and 17 (22.4% egg sellers. There was a sharp decline to complete loss of income by egg and bird traders and more than 50% decline in the sale of poultry drugs and vaccines, toll milled and commercial feeds, poultry raw materials and equipment. The epidemic had a significant negative impact (loss on toll millers (70% and commercial feed distributors (74%, fowl (60% and egg sellers (35%; poultry drug (50%, feed raw material (50% and poultry equipment sellers (55% and was more severe on commercial feed distributors. Poultry input providers should also be compensated as was done poultry farmers to minimize the effect of their losses.

  19. New data on the Volcanic Tuff from Petrestii de Jos (Cluj District

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bedelean Horea

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available The present study was carried out on the cineritic interlayers from Petre?tii de Jos (closed quarry from Indolului Valley, in order to present their detailed mineralogical-petrographical features. Previous work already noticed the similarity of this tuff level with Dej Tuff Complex in other areas. The studied outcrop consists of a compact volcanic tuff interlayered with marls and tuffaceous clays. The analytical investigations: chemical analyses, X-ray diffraction, IR spectroscopy and electron microscopy reveal the nature of the diagenetic transformations dominated by zeolitization. Besides clinoptilolite, which is the typical zeolite for Dej Tuff from the Transylvanian Depression, our investigation evidenced also the presence of phillipsite. The process was stepwise: during the primary, syngenetic stage K-clinoptilolite formed, while during the late epigenetic stage Ca-phillipsite crystallized; on behalf of the latter one, Ca-clinoptilolite was also generated. It is worth to mention that the highest amounts of zeolites are to be found in the basal horizon, while this amount decreases in the interlayers associated with the marly-clayey levels. From genetic point of view, the lower horizon in the outcrop represents a primary fall-out tuff. The thin interlayers within the upper horizons are resedimented tuffs. The tuff from Petre?tii de Jos represents a cheap raw material located in the neighborhood of the industrial area of Turda town. For using it, only a more detailed research and the removal of the vegetal and soil layer on the top would be necessary.

  20. Los relatos policiales de Víctor Juan Guillot / Victor Juan Guillot’s Detective Stories

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Román, Setton.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Los relatos policiales de Víctor Juan Guillot han sido hasta aquí completamente ignorados por la crítica literaria y la historiografía del género policial en la Argentina. Sostenemos que en estos relatos de Guillot puede advertirse el pasaje desde un modelo de relato policial -aquel que sería el fun [...] damental desde fines de la década de 1870 hasta aproximadamente 1930, con claros aspectos folletinescos y vínculos estrechos con la realidad política y social- hacia una narración detectivesca más cercana al modelo de la Edad de Oro del policial en lengua inglesa y más alejado de la vida empírica nacional. Este último tipo de policial se desarrollará con vigor durante las décadas de 1930 y 1940. En este sentido, mostramos en qué medida los relatos policiales de los libros Historias sin importancia (1920) y El alma en el pozo (1925) consuenan con la tradición temprana del género en la Argentina, mientras que los cuentos incluidos en Terror: cuentos rojos y negros (circa 1935) se hallan en sintonía con los policiales de la década de 1930. Asimismo, exhibimos de qué manera las concepciones de Guillot -expresadas en la poética de sus relatos y también en reflexiones sobre la novela policial- anticipan ya desde 1925 las ideas de Jorge Luis Borges sobre lo policial durante los años 30. Abstract in english This paper studies Victor Juan Guillot’s detective stories, hitherto, completely ignored by the literary criticism and the historiography of the detective genre in Argentina. We assert that in these stories it is possible to see the transition from a certain detective narrative -which was clearly pr [...] edominant from late 1870s to 1930s, having melodramatic features and close links with the political and social reality- into a new kind of tale much closer to the English detective story of the Golden Age, and further from empirical national life. In Argentina, this new type of detective tale will be developed vigorously during the 1930s and the 1940s. Thus, we attempt to show that the detective stories included in Historias sin importancia (1920) and El alma en el pozo (1925) are in the same line with the early tradition of the genre in Argentina, while the stories included in Terror: cuentos de crimen y misterio (circa 1935) have mostly the same features as those of the 1930s. We also seek to put on view how Guillot’s conception of the detective story in 1925 anticipated Jorge Luis Borges’s conception of the genre in the 30s.

  1. Mujeres, música y memoria en San Juan: 1900-1930 / Womens, music and memory in San Juan city: 1900-1930

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Patricia, Blanco.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Esta miscelánea se refiere a mi libro publicado en 2008 con el título "Mujeres, música y memoria en San Juan. 1900-1930". El mismo trata de la memoria (y la identidad) musical femenina de un San Juan que despertaba al siglo XX incorporándose al mundo moderno tanto en lo tecnológico como en lo cultur [...] al. Resalta el protagonismo de las mujeres en el mundo de la música, en este caso de la provincia de San Juan, Argentina; significando un aporte único y esperanzador porque ofrece no sólo una historia de la mujer en la música sino que, a su vez reconstruye una parte de la historia de San Juan poco frecuentada hasta hoy. Abstract in english This miscellany refer to my book has been published in 2008 under the title "Women, music and memory in San Juan. 1900-1930. " It deals with memory (and identity) of a female musical San Juan who woke up to the twentieth century incorporated into the modern world in terms of both technological and i [...] n terms of culture. Highlights the role of women in the music world, in this case in the province of San Juan, Argentina; signifying a single input and hopeful because it offers not only a story of women in music but who, in turn rebuilds a part of the history of San Juan rare until now.

  2. Mujeres, música y memoria en San Juan: 1900-1930 Womens, music and memory in San Juan city: 1900-1930

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Blanco

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Esta miscelánea se refiere a mi libro publicado en 2008 con el título "Mujeres, música y memoria en San Juan. 1900-1930". El mismo trata de la memoria (y la identidad musical femenina de un San Juan que despertaba al siglo XX incorporándose al mundo moderno tanto en lo tecnológico como en lo cultural. Resalta el protagonismo de las mujeres en el mundo de la música, en este caso de la provincia de San Juan, Argentina; significando un aporte único y esperanzador porque ofrece no sólo una historia de la mujer en la música sino que, a su vez reconstruye una parte de la historia de San Juan poco frecuentada hasta hoy.This miscellany refer to my book has been published in 2008 under the title "Women, music and memory in San Juan. 1900-1930. " It deals with memory (and identity of a female musical San Juan who woke up to the twentieth century incorporated into the modern world in terms of both technological and in terms of culture. Highlights the role of women in the music world, in this case in the province of San Juan, Argentina; signifying a single input and hopeful because it offers not only a story of women in music but who, in turn rebuilds a part of the history of San Juan rare until now.

  3. Radiation accident Hospital San Juan de Dios August - September 1996

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Costa Rica, a radiation accident occurred in 1996. It took place at the Radiotherapy Service of the San Juan de Dios Hospital, which affected 115 patients. The Unit of Radiotherapy made a mistake in the calibration of the new bundle because of the change of external faeces of cobalt 60 (Alycon II). The work is a retrospective study that describes what happened in this accident, and the medical consequences that derived from it

  4. Juan Comba y García, cronista gráfico de «La Restauración»

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel B. M\\u00E1rquez

    2006-01-01

    Casi olvidado por los investigadores, Juan Comba fue un informador gráfico que sentó los principios de tal tipo de información en el último cuarto del siglo XIX. El presente estudio, fruto de la investigación que ha durado más de cinco años, trata de recuperar su memoria y rescatar del olvido la figura de tan importante periodista español. Aunque su nombre no es muy conocido, sus imágenes han servido para ilustrar los manuales de Historia de la Restauración.

  5. Institutional Visit Juan de Castellanos University Foundation - Alanís Sevilla

    OpenAIRE

    Carolina Tovar-Torres

    2013-01-01

    The Fundación Universitaria Juan de Castellanos represented by Joseph P. Sánchez Carvajal Dean of the Faculty of Education, Humanities, Philosophy and Arts; Director (In committee) Torres Tovar Carolina Institute for Scientific Research in Education Sciences and Engineer Jorge Eliécer Cárdenas Vargas platform administrator of the JDC Electronic Journals accompanied by Prof. Dr. Fernando Serna Betancourt Professor of Roman Law University of Seville were visiting the birthplace of the fir...

  6. The green areas of San Juan, Puerto Rico

    OpenAIRE

    Ramos-gonza?lez, Olga M.

    2014-01-01

    Green areas, also known as green infrastructure or urban vegetation, are vital to urbanites for their critical roles in mitigating urban heat island effects and climate change and for their provision of multiple ecosystem services and aesthetics. Here, I provide a high spatial resolution snapshot of the green cover distribution of the city of San Juan, Puerto Rico, by incorporating the use of morphological spatial pattern analysis (MSPA) as a tool to describe the spatial pattern and connectiv...

  7. HISTORICAL ECOTOXICOLOGICALASSESSMENT OF SAN JUAN ECOSYSTEM, SANTIAGO DE CUBA, CUBA

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    Argota, George

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Currently, the environmental decision-making related to watershed preservation is oriented under the precepts of an historical environmental assessment. The objective of this research was to conduct a historical ecotoxicological assessment of the San Juan de Santiago de Cuba ecosystem. This was considered a systematic environmental monitoring which ran from 2010 to 2013, made q?uarterly. Physicochemical parameters such as electrical conductivity, total alkalinity, total hardness, pH, total solids, dissolved oxygen, biochemical oxygen demand and chemical oxygen demand were determined. All parameters of environmental risk prediction were performed using the GECOTOX program. The concentrations of Cu, Zn, Pb and Cd on three target organs (brain, gills and liver in the biomonitor adult Gambusia punctata (Poecilidae were analyzed. In this species, the effect of total protein and enzymatic activity of acetylcholinesterase as biomarkers were evaluated. In general, the parameters were outside the values set used by the Cuban quality standards. The GECOTOX program said that the waters of the San Juan ecosystem presented a high rate of risk. The highest concentrations of metals were determined in the gills, liver and brain, respectively. Biomarker values w? ere high, being higher for females. Finally, it was concluded that from one year to another all responses were ascending; thus, the San Juan ecosystem presented ecotoxicological effects in time.

  8. [Infectious nature of leprosy, by Juan de Azúa].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Las Aguas, J Terencio

    2009-11-01

    In this article by Juan de Azua, published in the second issue of Actas Dermosifiliográficas in 1909, the author reports his experience in 139 patients, most of them from Hospital San Juan de Dios, Madrid,Spain, and states he is sure that leprosy is a contagious disease. He discusses the factors related to contagion,which occurs in a closed and family environment, emphasizing socioeconomic factors such as hygiene and promiscuity. He considers direct contact to be important, though also recognizing indirect contact through drinks and food; he totally rejects a hereditary mechanism. Epidemiologically, he draws attention to the higher prevalence of the disease in Andalusia, though not forgetting "La Lepra de Ultramar [leprosy from distant lands]"-32 cases in Spaniards in Cuba and the Philippines. He believes isolation in hospitals or special sanatoriums, such as San Juan de Dios or San Lázaro in Santiago, Granada, and Seville, to be the best prophylaxis, and he considers it would be appropriate to create "Hospitals for poor lepers". PMID:19889296

  9. Juan César García: social medicine as project and endeavor / Juan César García: a medicina social como projeto e realização

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Everardo Duarte, Nunes.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa aspectos da trajetória de Juan César García (1932-1984), médico e sociólogo argentino, no campo da medicina social latino-americana. Destaca três dimensões que constituem as suas orientações básicas no campo da saúde: a elaboração de um pensamento sobre o social, sistemático e refle [...] xivo; uma atitude crítica na problematização do ensino e das práticas profissionais; um compromisso com a institucionalização e divulgação do saber sanitário. Abstract in english This paper analyses some aspects of the trajectory of the Argentinian physician and sociologist Juan César García (1932-1984) in the field of Latin American Social Medicine. Three dimensions constituting his basic orientations are highlighted: the elaboration of systematic and reflective social thou [...] ght; a critical attitude in questioning teaching and professional practices; a commitment to the institutionalization and dissemination of health knowledge.

  10. Aprendizajes del Accidente de San Juan Ixhuatepec-México / Learning from the Accident in San Juan Ixhuatepec-Mexico

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Antioco, López-Molina; Richart, Vázquez-Román; Christian, Díaz-Ovalle.

    Full Text Available El índice Dow de fuego y explosión y la metodología del análisis cuantitativo del riesgo son aplicados para analizar uno de los accidentes más desafortunados en la historia mexicana: la explosión de tanques de almacenamiento de gas en la planta de San Juan Ixhuatepec en México. Estimaciones adiciona [...] les de la sobrepresión y radiación térmica producida durante el siniestro son llevadas a cabo para explicar el efecto dominó producido como consecuencia del incidente. Estas estimaciones dan evidencia de que las instalaciones en la planta de San Juan Ixhuatepec tenían un nivel de riesgo moderado lo cual se contrapone a la percepción de la sociedad en relación al riesgo de la compañía Pemex, propietaria de la planta. Este trabajo concluye que el accidente fue principalmente debido a errores humanos, así como a la pésima ubicación de la planta. Abstract in english The Dow fire and explosion index and the quantitative risk assessment methodology are applied to analyze one of the most unfortunate accidents in Mexican history: the explosion of gas storage tanks at the San Juan Ixhuatepec plant in Mexico. Additional calculations of over-pressure and thermal radia [...] tion are carried out to further explain the domino effect produced as a consequence of the accident. The results give evidence that facilities in San Juan Ixhuatepec had a moderate risk level which is in disagreement with people’s perception of the Pemex company, proprietary of the plant. This study concludes that the accident was mainly due to human error, as well as the inappropriate location of the plant.

  11. JUAN MÉNDEZ NIETO, EL PRIMER EDUCADOR MÉDICO DE COLOMBIA / JUAN MÉNDEZ NIETO, GRANDSON, THE FIRST MEDICAL EDUCATOR DE COLOMBIA / JUAN MÉNDEZ NIETO, O PRIMEIRO EDUCADOR MÉDICO DA COLÔMBIA

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Helí, Hernández Ayazo.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo trata sobre Juan Méndez Nieto, médico de Cartagena desde 1569 até sua morte em 1616, deixando-nos os "Discursos Medicinais", um texto autobiográfico centrado em sua prática médica, através do qual estudamos a medicina da época e seu entorno social. Sem dúvida, o licenciado Méndez Nieto n [...] os traz seu saber médico à altura de seu tempo, a farmacopéia predominantemente botânica. Foi um verdadeiro educador de profanos e médicos que se erigiu em um referente ético da profissão. Ademais, precursor da medicina clínica, não somente por sua experiência semiológica, mas por ter sido capaz de pensar em termos fisiopatológicos, além de localizar o processo excitante, que já é bastante significativo, levando em conta seu escasso conhecimento anatômico e a atrasada mentalidade médica da segunda metade do século XVI. Médico de sólidos princípios morais e éticos, que mostrou inquietudes investigativas, preocupação pela saúde publica e pela qualidade da atenção médica. Tudo isto, disposto em seu livro "Discursos Medicinais", um livro que por seu estilo e estrutura, indica preparação, cultura de seu autor e em seu conteúdo, certo e coerente à luz do conhecimento da época, no que se denuncia a adequada formação médica de Méndez Nieto. Portanto, através da análise de suas memórias, ressaltamos seu livro como o primeiro texto de medicina escrito nesta cidade de Cartagena de índias, no caribe colombiano e no país todo. Propomos que Juan Médez tenha sido o primeiro educador médico deste novo reino, de Cartagena e Colômbia. Foi verdadeiramente um mediador cultural que trouxe conhecimentos e se apropriou dos autóctones. Abstract in spanish Este artículo trata sobre Juan Méndez Nieto, médico portugués que ejerció en Cartagena de Indias desde 1569 hasta su muerte en 1616, dejándonos los "Discursos Medicinales", un texto autobiográfico centrado en su práctica médica, a través del cual estudiamos la medicina de la época y su entorno socia [...] l. Sin duda el licenciado Méndez Nieto nos trajo su saber médico a la altura de su tiempo, la farmacopea predominantemente botánica. Fue un verdadero educador de profanos y médicos que se erigió en un referente ético de la profesión. Además, precursor de la medicina clínica, no solo por su experiencia semiológica, sino que fue capaz de pensar en términos fisiopatológicos y aún de localizar el proceso morboso, que ya es bastante significativo, habida cuenta de su escaso conocimiento anatómico y la atrasada mentalidad médica de la segunda mitad del siglo XVI. Médico de sólidos principios morales y éticos, que mostró inquietudes investigativas, preocupación por la salud pública y por la calidad de la atención médica. Todo ello, dispuesto en su libro "Discursos Medicinales", un libro que por su estilo y estructura, indica preparación, cultura en su autor y en su contenido, cierto y coherente a la luz del conocimiento de la época, en el que se denuncia la adecuada formación médica de Méndez Nieto. Por tanto, a través del análisis de sus memorias, resaltamos su libro como el primer texto de medicina escrito en esta ciudad de Cartagena de indias, en el caribe colombiano y el país. Proponemos a Juan Méndez Nieto como el primer educador médico de este nuevo reino, de Cartagena y Colombia. Fue verdaderamente un mediador cultural que trajo conocimientos y se apropió de los autóctonos. Abstract in english This article deals with Juan Méndez Nieto Portuguese doctor who practiced in Cartagena de Indias, from 1569 until his death in 1616, leaving the "Medical Discourses" an autobiographical text focusing on his medical practice, through which studied medicine at the time and social environment. No doubt [...] the excellence Méndez Nieto brought us his medical knowledge up to time, mainly botanical pharmacopoeia. He was a true secular and medical educator who built a landmark ethics of the profession. In addition, precursor of clinical medicine, not only for their semiological experien

  12. A 10-year audit of gynaecological surgeries performed in the paediatric age group at the Jos University Teaching Hospital

    OpenAIRE

    Ekwempu C; Ocheke A; Uba F

    2010-01-01

    Background: Surgeries performed for gynaecological conditions in children and adolescents are not common in our environment. Adequate facilities and the skill to perform the required procedures may also be lacking. We were interested in reviewing the practice of paediatric gynaecological surgery in our facility. Patients and Methods: A retrospective study of case files and theatre records of children below the age of 16 years who had surgeries at the Jos University Teaching Hospital over a 10...

  13. An Assessment of Mining Activities Impact on Vegetation in Bukuru Jos Plateau State Nigeria Using Normalized Differential Vegetation Index (NDVI)

    OpenAIRE

    Musa Haruna D.; Jiya Solomon N.

    2011-01-01

    The study area has a pathetic and deplorable condition of landuse/ landcover. The vegetal cover in the area has to be removed from the activities of tin mining which consequently resulted into adverse environmental effect such as erosion. Different forms of human induced stress such as tin mining and heavy rainfall have severely degraded soils on the Jos Plateau. Such degradation problems are also caused by deforestation, inappropriate farming system, bush burning and over-grazing which are h...

  14. Norma y uso: las ideas educativas en Juan de Robles / Etymology and use: The educational ideas of Juan de Robles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Gómez Camacho

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Juan de Robles es uno de los más brillantes humanistas de nuestro Siglo de Oro, entre cuyas obras destaca El culto sevillano (1631. En este trabajo se analizan sus ideas educativas, centradas en la relación entre la ortografía y el aprendizaje de la escritura. Entre las ideas pedagógicas de Juan de Robles es muy relevante el rechazo vehemente de la ortografía fonética, entre otros motivos, porque no favorecía el aprendizaje de la lectura y de la escritura; en consecuencia, censura la creación de nuevas letras y de un nuevo orden para el alfabeto español. Los ortógrafos defensores de la ortografía fonética en el siglo XVII argumentaban que la nueva escritura permitiría a los niños aprender a leer y a escribir con más rapidez y facilidad; así como que la creación de nuevas letras y el establecimiento de un nuevo orden del alfabeto facilitarían su enseñanza. Frente a estas pretensiones, Juan de Robles defendió el alfabeto tradicional y la ortografía etimológica de origen latino porque eran los instrumentos adecuados para la alfabetización en nuestra lengua. También critica los colegios jesuitas y la Ratio Studiorum; las principales discrepancias entre la pedagogía de la Compañía de Jesús y las ideas educativas de Juan de Robles podrían concretarse en la primacía del español sobre el latín, y en el uso de cuentos y refranes populares para la educación en El culto sevillano. En conclusión, con la obra de Juan de Robles se incorpora definitivamente el argumento pedagógico que relaciona la ortografía y la gramática españolas con el aprendizaje de la lectura y de la escritura a la polémica sobre la ortografía española del Siglo de Oro, en defensa de la ortografía etimológica frente a las pretensiones de imponer una ortografía fonética en el primer tercio del siglo XVII. Abstract: Juan de Robles is considered one of the main humanists in the Spanish Golden Century. The most important of his works is El culto sevillano (1631. This paper focuses on the educational ideals in Robles´s works and the relationships between spelling and teaching of reading. By examining Robles´s pedagogical references, one prominent idea is emphasized: teaching of reading aren´t encouraged by phonetic spelling. Consequently, new letters of the Spanish alphabet and new alphabetical order have been rejected. The grammarians who defended phonetic spelling assert the new letters help Spanish children to learn to read faster and better than the traditional literacy. Letter names and alphabetical order are also changed to facilitate literacy learning. In contrast, traditional alphabet and etymological spelling are reclaimed by Juan de Robles for teaching reading and writing, because the phonetic spelling had slowed down the learning of literacy. Robles also criticizes Jesuit schools and Ratio Studiorum. The primacy of Spanish over Latin and the use of tales and proverbs for education are the major discrepancies between Robles and Jesuit pedagogy. The results of this paper show that pedagogic arguments that link Spanish grammar and spelling with teaching of reading and writing in the Spanish Golden Century are incorporated into the controversy over Spanish orthography reform also to defend traditional spelling around the first third of the seventeenth century.

  15. Stenocercus doellojuradoi (Iguanidae, Tropidurinae: una nueva especie para la provincia de San Juan, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laspiur, Alejandro

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available República Argentina, Provincia de San Juan, Depto. Valle Fértil, 3 km al norte de la localidad de Las Tumanas sobre la Ruta Provincial 510 (30°52’ S, 67°20’ W. COLECTOR: Alejandro Laspiur. FECHA: 25 /02/ 2006. MATERIAL DE REFERENCIA: Instituto y Museo de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de San Juan: IMCNUNSJ 3000. Un ejemplar macho (LHC: 54 mm..

  16. Compañía Artística entre Juan de Oviedo y de la Bandera y Juan Martínez Montañés. Una aportación inédita a sus respectivas biografías

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santos Márquez, Antonio Joaquín

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a heretofore-unknown artistic company formed between the Sevillian sculptors Juan de Oviedo y de la Bandera and Juan Martínez Montañés, established in 1596 and which lasted six years. During this period they worked together on the altarpieces of the parish churches of Cazalla de la Sierra, Villamartín and Aracena, and shared the earnings from their sculptural projects.

    En este artículo se da a conocer una compañía artística hasta el momento inédita entre los escultores sevillanos Juan de Oviedo y de la Bandera y Juan Martínez Montañés. Fue firmada en 1596 y tenía una duración de seis años, durante los cuales labrarían conjuntamente los retablos mayores de las parroquias de Cazalla de la Sierra, Villamartín y Aracena, además de repartirse las ganancias que generaran los encargos escultóricos recibidos durante este periodo.

  17. Y SE HIZO LA IMAGEN DEL HÉROE NACIONAL COSTARRICENSE: ICONOGRAFÍA EMBLEMÁTICA DE JUAN SANTAMARÍA / PRODUCING THE IMAGE OF COSTA RICA'S NATIONAL HERO: THE EMBLEMATIC ICONOGRAPHY OF JUAN SANTAMARÍA

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Guillermo, Brenes Tencio.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se propone una lectura iconográfica (interpretación) de la fgura del héroe nacional costarricense Juan Santamaría, tomando dos tipos de representaciones visuales como ejemplo. Ellas son: la estatua en bronce al soldado Juan Santamaría, diseñada por el escultor francés Aristide Onési [...] me Croisy (1840-1899), y la pintura al óleo titulada: La Quema del Mesón, del artista costarricense Enrique Echandi Montero (1866-1959). Abstract in english This article presents an iconographic reading (interpretation) of Costa Rica's national hero, Juan Santamaría. It examines two types of visual representation: the bronze statue of Juan Santamaría as a soldier, designed by the French sculptor, Aristide Onésime Croisy (1840-1899); and the oil painting [...] , La Quema del Mesón, by the Costa Rican artist, Enrique Echandi Montero (1866-1959).

  18. Cultura y espiritualidad en la edad moderna valenciana: Juan de Juanes y el ostensorio bifaz de la iglesia parroquial de San Andrés de l’Alcúdia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franco Llopis, Borja

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Taking as a starting point the paintings of Juan de Juanes for the church of l’Alcúdia, the author analyses the social questions that might have had a bearing on his artistic production, iconography and diffusion in the Valencian sphere. The possible influence of Erasmus, intimist philosophy, the Christology of Eiximenis and the indoctrination of the Moriscos are some of the aspects discussed.

    En este artículo, partiendo de las pinturas de Juan de Juanes en l’Alcúdia, analizamos las cuestiones sociales que pudieron incidir en su producción artística, iconografía y difusión dentro del ámbito valenciano. La posible influencia del erasmismo, la filosofía intimista, la cristología de Eiximenis o el adoctrinamiento a los moriscos son algunos aspectos sobre los que centramos nuestra reflexión.

  19. Seismic techniques in uranium exploration - San Juan Basin, New Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 5.5 mile-long segment of a seismic line illustrated in the report is part of a seismic survey near Crownpoint, New Mexico. It may be used as a reference line for future uranium-related seismic studies, as it crosses two uranium orebodies and is in an area that has been extensively drilled and studied. It also demonstrates the seismic character of the uranium-bearing Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation in the southern San Juan Basin. Seismic techniques may be used to locate the drilling targets and thus provide a more efficient means for uranium exploration. Geology, seismic interpretation and acquisition are discussed. 14 references, 7 figures

  20. Explotación de peces asociada a la pesquería artesanal de langosta de Juan Fernández (Jasus frontalis) / Fish exploitation associated to the artisanal fishing of Juan Fernández lobster (Jasus frontalis)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mauricio, Ahumada; Dante, Queirolo.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Para contribuir al conocimiento de la explotación de peces asociada a la pesquería de langosta de Juan Fernández, se monitorearon 157 salidas de pesca durante la temporada 2010-2011. Se capturaron 10.462 ejemplares correspondientes a 19 especies de peces, tres de las cuales concentraron el 94% de la [...] captura en número: jurel de Juan Fernández (Pseudocaranx chilensis) (45%), breca (Nemadactylus gayi) (41%) y anguila morena (Gymnothoraxporphyreus) (8%). Las capturas totales estimadas fueron 40, 24 y 13 ton de breca, jurel de Juan Fernández y anguila morena, respectivamente. El 97% de los ejemplares de peces capturados fueron utilizados como carnada de peces o langosta. Abstract in english To contribute to the understanding of the exploitation of fish associated with the lobster fishery of Juan Fernandez, 157 fishing trips were monitored during the 2010-2011 season. The catch was conformed mainly by Juan Fernandez trevally (Pseudocaranx chilensis) (45%), morwong (Nemadactylus gayi) (4 [...] 1%), and lowfin moray (Gymnothorax porphyreus) (8%), from a total of 10,462 individuals caught, corresponding to 19 fish species, three of which accounted for 94% of the catch in numbers. The estimated total catch for the fleet were 40, 24 and 13 ton of morwong, Juan Fernandez trevally and lowfin moray, respectively. 97% of the catch was used as bait for fish or lobster.

  1. Topaze y Juan Verdejo de Héctor Meléndez, 1931 - 1942: Una risa folclórica / Topaze et Juan Verdejo de Héctor Meléndez, 1931 - 1942: Un Rire Folklorique / Topaze and Juan Verdejo of Héctor Meléndez, 1931 - 1942: A folkloric laugh / Topaz e Juan Verdejo, di Héctor Meléndez, 1931 - 1942: Una Risata Folklorica / Topaze e Juan Verdejo de Héctor Meléndez, 1931 - 1942: Um Sorriso Folclórico

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Jorge, Rueda.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Na personagem Juan Verdejo, de Héctor Meléndez, verifica-se claramente uma série de práticas e conhecimentos próprios da cultura simbólico-popular. Em seu discurso, o sorriso, visto como uma satisfação gratificante e regenerativa, constitui uma das categorias pertencentes aos fundamentos primários d [...] aquele repertório cultural. Assim, com Juan Verdejo estabelecido no semanário de humor político Topaze, gerou-se um cruzamento entre os circuitos e os registros popular e letrado. O gosto pela comida, pela experiência festivo-celebrativa e também pelas relações de convivência harmoniosas e sem hierarquias, foram as marcas evidentes de uma visão de vida estabelecida, excepcionalmente, no registro ilustrado da revista. Abstract in spanish En el personaje Juan Verdejo, de Héctor Meléndez, se verifica con claridad un conjunto de prácticas y saberes propios de la cultura simbólico-popular. En su discurso, la risa, en cuanto satisfacción gratificante y regenerativa, conforma una categoría adscrita a los fundamentos primarios de aquel rep [...] ertorio cultural. Así, con Juan Verdejo instalado en el semanario de humor político Topaze, se produjo un cruce entre los circuitos y registros popular y letrado. El disfrute por la comida, por la experiencia festivo-celebrativa y por las relaciones convivencialmente armónicas y sin jerarquías, fueron las marcas de una visión de vida instalada, excepcionalmente, en el registro ilustrado de la revista. Abstract in english In Juan Verdejo character, of Héctor Meléndez, a set of practices and knowledge, typical of the symbolic and popular culture, is realized. In his discourse, laugh as gratifying and regenerating satisfaction builds a category attached to the primary fundamentals of that cultural repertoire. Hence, wi [...] th Juan Verdejo set up in the seminar of political humor Topaze, a junction of the popular and the literate circles and registers was produced. Enjoyment for food, for the partying and celebrating experience, and the coexistentially harmonic non-hierarchical relationships, were the marks of a vision of life settled, exceptionally, within the illustrated register of the magazine.

  2. Paralelismos y divergencias entre Juan Tenorio de Tirso de Molina y Miguel Páramo, personaje de Juan Rulfo.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herlinda Ramírez-Barradas.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: En este breve artículo se presentan algunas características de Miguel Páramo que, primero, permiten incluirlo en la larga lista de personajes donjuanescos derivados de la obra de Tirso de Molina y que, además, hacen posible entender su función trágica.Summary: This article presents some of Miguel Páramo's characteristics that, first, allow including him in the long list of prominent Don Juan figures derived from Tirso de Molina's work and, in addition, make it possible to understand his tragic function.

  3. Conodontes foianos de la Formación San Juan en la quebrada de Talacasto, Precordillera de San Juan / Floian conodonts from the San Juan Formation in the Talacasto creek, San Juan Precordillera

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Tatiana, Soria; Susana, Heredia; Ana, Mestre; Cecilia, Rodriguez.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available En la presente contribución se dan a conocer por primera vez los géneros y especies de conodontes foianos de la Formación San Juan, provenientes de la clásica localidad de la quebrada de Talacasto. Se reconocen las zonas de Oepikodus evae y de Oepikodus intermedius indicativas del Floiano superior. [...] Las asociaciones de conodontes que acompañan a las especies guías están compuestas por: Bergstroemognathus extensus, Cornuodus longibasis, Drepanodus robustus, Drepanodus arcuatus, Drepanoistodus forceps, Erraticodon patu, Juanognathus variabilis, Jumudontus gananda, Oepikodus evae, Oepikodus intermedius, Oistodus striolatus, Oistodus lanceolatus, Paroistodus parallelus, Periodon fabellum, Protopanderodus leonardii, Protopanderodus rectus, Protopanderodus robustus, Reutterodus andinus, Rossodus barnesi, Scolopodus krummi, Trapezognathus diprion, Tropodus australis, Protoprioniodus sp. y Triangulodus sp. Abstract in english In this contribution Floian conodonts from the San Juan Formation are reported for the frst time from the classical Talacasto creek. The Oepikodus evae and Oepikodus intermedius zones are recorded which indicate upper Floian. The conodont association includes Bergstroemognathus extensus, Cornuodus l [...] ongibasis, Drepanodus robustus, Drepanodus arcuatus, Drepanoistodus forceps, Erraticodon patu, Juanognathus variabilis, Jumudontus gananda, Oepikodus evae, Oepikodus intermedius, Oistodus striolatus, Oistodus lanceolatus, Paroistodus parallelus, Periodon fabellum, Protopanderodus leonardii, Protopanderodus rectus, Protopanderodus robustus, Reutterodus andinus, Rossodus barnesi, Scolopodus krummi, Trapezognathus diprion, Tropodus australis, Protoprioniodus sp. and Triangulodus sp.

  4. Emergence of Zoonotic Myiasis in Vom and Bukuru Metropolis, Jos South LGA, Plateau State, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.I. Ojemudia

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available A study was carried out to establish the emergence of cutanous myiasis with its zoonotic implication in Vom andBukuru metropolis of Jos South Local Government Area of Plateau State. 6 individuals (3 males and 3 femaleswho were suspected to have boils on their skin were diagnosed to be 100% infested with the larvae ofCordylobia anthropophaga. Similarly, in an investigation of dogs, out of 510 dogs examined in EvangelicalChurch of West Africa and NVRI Veterinary clinics, 47(9.2% dogs had larvae in their cutanous tissues. Of 300dogs from ECWA vet clinic 31 (10.3% were positive, while 16 (7.6% were positive from 210 dogs screened inNVRI vet clinic. All results were statistically significant at P< 0.05. In comparism, the larvae extracted fromhuman and dogs were all identified to be of Cordylobia anthropophaga. Of 184 Alsatian 13(7.1% were positive,of 258 Mongrel 27(10.5% were positive, 3(21.4% among 14 Doberman were positive and of 54 Rottweiler4(7.4% were positive. Out of the 47 positive cases, 31(66.0% were female while 16 (34% were males. Amongthe female positive cases Mongrel showed a prevalence of 18(58.1%. Infestation in July showed a highoccurrence of 22(46.8%. Secondary bacterial infection was encountered in two cases of human infestation.

  5. Juan Antonio Rubio appointed as Director-General of CIEMAT

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Juan Antonio Rubio, Head of CERN's ETT unit (Education and Technology Transfer) has been appointed by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science as the Director General of the Research Centre for Energy, Environment and Technology, CIEMAT. Dr Rubio's career began at the Spanish Nuclear Energy Commission where he held the posts of Investigator, Head of the High Energy Group and Head of Nuclear Physics and High Energy Division. Later, he was named Director of the Department of Basic Investigation and Scientific Director of the CIEMAT. In 1987 he joined CERN as Scientific Adviser to the Director General and Group Leader of the Scientific Assessment Group. Up to now, Dr Rubio has been the Head of the ETT unit, as well as Coordinator for Latin America and Commissioner for the 50th Anniversary of the Organization. He was born on 4 June 1944 in Madrid, and holds a Doctorate in Physical Sciences from the Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

  6. Flow and mixing in Juan de Fuca Canyon, Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alford, Matthew H.; MacCready, Parker

    2014-03-01

    We report breaking internal lee waves, strong mixing, and hydraulic control associated with wind-driven up-canyon flow in Juan de Fuca Canyon, Washington. Unlike the flow above the canyon rim, which shows a tidal modulation typical on continental shelves, the flow within the canyon is persistently up-canyon during our observations, with isopycnals tilted consistent with a geostrophic cross-canyon momentum balance. As the flow encounters a sill near the canyon entrance at the shelf break, it accelerates significantly and undergoes elevated mixing on the upstream and downstream sides of the sill. On the downstream side, a strong lee wave response is seen, with displacements of O(100 m) and overturns tens of meters high. The resulting diffusivity is O(10-2 m2 s-1), sufficient to substantially modify coastal water masses as they transit the canyon and enter the Salish Sea estuarine system.

  7. The Trail Inventory of San Juan Island National Wildlife Refuge [Cycle 1

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The purpose of this report is to create a baseline inventory of all nonmotorized trails on San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge. Trails in this inventory are...

  8. Environmental laws for mining activities in Provincia de San Juan (Argentina), gravel mines exploitation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper analyses San Juan Province - Argentina prevailing environmental legislation for mining activity and gravel mines. The study focuses the subject from a mining engineering point of view. (author)

  9. Don Juan Basin, Wright Valley, Antarctica: Model for Surface Processes on Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Englert, P.; Bishop, J. L.; Gibson, E. K.; Patel, S.; Koeberl, C.

    2014-09-01

    Mineral, chemical, and soluble salt composition of drill core samples from Don Juan Basin, Wright Valley, Antarctica, indicate that the formation of the most saline terrestrial pond may include groundwater discharge and near surface flow processes.

  10. Final unioned polygon coverage used in coal resource calculations, San Juan Basin, CO and NM (sjbfing)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This is a shapefile and the final unioned polygon coverage used to calculate coal resources of the Fruitland Formation, San Juan Basin coal assessment area,...

  11. San Juan Basin, CO and NM coal resources calculation area (sjbbndg)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This shapefile and polygon coverage outline the area underlain by the Fruitland Formation in the San Juan Basin, Colorado and New Mexico. Also, it delimits the area...

  12. Isopachs of net coal thickness, Fruitland Formation, San Juan Basin, NM and CO (sjbthkg)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This as a shapefile and coverage showing the isopachs of total net coal in beds greater than 1.2' thick for the Fruitland Formation, San Juan Basin, Colorado and...

  13. JUAN MÉNDEZ NIETO, EL PRIMER EDUCADOR MÉDICO DE COLOMBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hel\\u00ED Hern\\u00E1ndez Ayazo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo trata sobre Juan Méndez Nieto, médico portugués que ejerció en Cartagena de Indias desde 1569 hasta su muerte en 1616, dejándonos los "Discursos Medicinales", un texto autobiográfico centrado en su práctica médica, a través del cual estudiamos la medicina de la época y su entorno social. Sin duda el licenciado Méndez Nieto nos trajo su saber médico a la altura de su tiempo, la farmacopea predominantemente botánica. Fue un verdadero educador de profanos y médicos que se erigió en un referente ético de la profesión. Además, precursor de la medicina clínica, no solo por su experiencia semiológica, sino que fue capaz de pensar en términos fisiopatológicos y aún de localizar el proceso morboso, que ya es bastante significativo, habida cuenta de su escaso conocimiento anatómico y la atrasada mentalidad médica de la segunda mitad del siglo XVI. Médico de sólidos principios morales y éticos, que mostró inquietudes investigativas, preocupación por la salud pública y por la calidad de la atención médica. Todo ello, dispuesto en su libro "Discursos Medicinales", un libro que por su estilo y estructura, indica preparación, cultura en su autor y en su contenido, cierto y coherente a la luz del conocimiento de la época, en el que se denuncia la adecuada formación médica de Méndez Nieto. Por tanto, a través del análisis de sus memorias, resaltamos su libro como el primer texto de medicina escrito en esta ciudad de Cartagena de indias, en el caribe colombiano y el país. Proponemos a Juan Méndez Nieto como el primer educador médico de este nuevo reino, de Cartagena y Colombia. Fue verdaderamente un mediador cultural que trajo conocimientos y se apropió de los autóctonos.

  14. Community-based enterprises and the commons: The case of San Juan Nuevo Parangaricutiro, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Alejandra Orozco-Quintero; Iain Davidson-Hunt

    2010-01-01

    Commons scholarship has tended to focus on the administration and use of commons by individuals and households and less so on collective enterprises that extract, transform and market what they harvest from the commons. In this paper, we consider Nuevo San Juan, a Mexican case that is well known in the community forestry and commons literature. In San Juan, indigenous community members who hold the rights for the commons are also the members of the enterprise that transforms and markets goods...

  15. DIVERSIDAD VEGETAL Y USO ANTRÓPICO DE LOS PÁRAMOS DE SAMANGA (SECTORES ESPÍNDOLA Y EL TOLDO Y SAN JUAN DE CACHIACO (CASERÍOS SAN JUAN Y TOTORA, AYABACA, PIURA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Sabogal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo compara la flora de dos espacios: San Juan de Cachiaco y Samanga, ambos situados en los páramos de la provincia de Ayabaca, Piura. Ambos páramos corresponden al subpáramo. Se presenta la relación de plantas encontradas y endemismo. En el páramo de Samanga, se registraron 67 especies. Las familias más representativas fueron aquí: Asteraceae, Poaceae y Ericaceae. En el páramo de San Juan, se registraron 86 especies. Las familias más representativas fueron: Asteraceae, Rosaceae, Ericaceae y Cyperaceae. El páramo de San Juan es más húmedo y parece estar mejor conservado lo que se observa por la presencia de mayor cantidad de especies, familias, géneros y especies endémicas. Ambos páramos se encuentran amenazados por el pastoreo, estando el páramo de Samanga bajo mayor presión antrópica.

  16. Diversidad vegetal y uso antrópico de los páramos de Samanga (Sectores Espíndola y El Toldo) y San Juan de Cachiaco (Caseríos San Juan y Totora), Ayabaca, Piura / Plant diversity and anthropic use in Samanga paramo (Espíndola and El Toldo Sector) and in San Juan de Cachiaco Paramo (San Juan and Totora Sectors), Ayabaca, Piura

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ana, Sabogal; Yakov, Quinteros.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo compara la flora de dos espacios: San Juan de Cachiaco y Samanga, ambos situados en los páramos de la provincia de Ayabaca, Piura. Ambos páramos corresponden al subpáramo. Se presenta la relación de plantas encontradas y endemismo. En el páramo de Samanga, se registraron 67 especies. Las [...] familias más representativas fueron aquí: Asteraceae, Poaceae y Ericaceae. En el páramo de San Juan, se registraron 86 especies. Las familias más representativas fueron: Asteraceae, Rosaceae, Ericaceae y Cyperaceae. El páramo de San Juan es más húmedo y parece estar mejor conservado lo que se observa por la presencia de mayor cantidad de especies, familias, géneros y especies endémicas. Ambos páramos se encuentran amenazados por el pastoreo, estando el páramo de Samanga bajo mayor presión antrópica. Abstract in english The following article compares two habitats: the Samanga and San Juan de Cachiaco paramos in the province of Ayabaca. Both paramos could be classified as subparamo. Life forms and endemism are described. At Samanga paramo a total of 67 species were registered. The most representative families were: [...] Asteraceae, Poaceae and Ericaceae. At San Juan Paramo, 86 species were registered. The most representative families were: Asteraceae, Rosaceae, Ericaceae and Cyperaceae. San Juan paramo from is more humid and better conserved; this is reflected in the number of family and species that were found. Both paramo are threatened by grazing, but Samanga paramo is under higher anthropic pressure.

  17. A new record for American Bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeianus in San Juan, Argentina Nuevo registro de rana toro americana (Lithobates catesbeianus en San Juan, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Sanabria

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available We report a new record of Lithobates catesbeianus (American bullfrog from Argentina. L. catesbeianus was first introduced to San Juan Province 11 years ago in Calingasta Department, where the habitat is pre-cordilleran. The new record is for Zonda Department, San Juan Province, in the Monte desert region. Here, L. catesbeianus uses artificial ponds for reproduction and tadpole development. These ponds receive water from an irrigation system that connects the whole agriculture land in the region. The tadpoles use the irrigation canals to move among ponds. We suggest that legislation should be established to prevent future invasions and to achieve sustainable management of the wild American bullfrog populations in San Juan. Prevention of future invasion and management of established populations of this species requires the cooperation of numerous stake holders.Se presenta un nuevo registro de Lithobates catesbeianus (rana toro americana en Argentina. L. catesbeianus fue introducida por primera vez a la provincia de San Juan hace 11 años en el Departamento Calingasta, donde el hábitat es pre-cordillerano. El nuevo registro es para el Departamento Zonda en la provincia de San Juan, en el desierto del Monte. En este sitio, L. catesbeianus usa estanques artificiales para la reproducción y desarrollo del renacuajo. Los estanques reciben agua de un sistema de riego que conecta todas las tierras de la agricultura en la región. Los renacuajos utilizan los canales de riego para moverse entre los estanques. Sugerimos que se establezcan leyes para prevenir invasiones futuras y para lograr un manejo integrado de las poblaciones silvestres de rana toro que se encuentran en San Juan. La prevención de futuras invasiones y el manejo de las poblaciones establecidas de esta especie requieren la cooperación de numerosas entidades tanto gubernamentales como privadas.

  18. A new record for American Bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeianus) in San Juan, Argentina / Nuevo registro de rana toro americana (Lithobates catesbeianus) en San Juan, Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Eduardo, Sanabria; Yanina, Ripoll; Marcelo, Jordan; Lorena, Quiroga; Mariano, Ariza; María, Guillemain; Mauricio, Pérez; Héctor, Chávez.

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta un nuevo registro de Lithobates catesbeianus (rana toro americana) en Argentina. L. catesbeianus fue introducida por primera vez a la provincia de San Juan hace 11 años en el Departamento Calingasta, donde el hábitat es pre-cordillerano. El nuevo registro es para el Departamento Zonda en [...] la provincia de San Juan, en el desierto del Monte. En este sitio, L. catesbeianus usa estanques artificiales para la reproducción y desarrollo del renacuajo. Los estanques reciben agua de un sistema de riego que conecta todas las tierras de la agricultura en la región. Los renacuajos utilizan los canales de riego para moverse entre los estanques. Sugerimos que se establezcan leyes para prevenir invasiones futuras y para lograr un manejo integrado de las poblaciones silvestres de rana toro que se encuentran en San Juan. La prevención de futuras invasiones y el manejo de las poblaciones establecidas de esta especie requieren la cooperación de numerosas entidades tanto gubernamentales como privadas. Abstract in english We report a new record of Lithobates catesbeianus (American bullfrog) from Argentina. L. catesbeianus was first introduced to San Juan Province 11 years ago in Calingasta Department, where the habitat is pre-cordilleran. The new record is for Zonda Department, San Juan Province, in the Monte desert [...] region. Here, L. catesbeianus uses artificial ponds for reproduction and tadpole development. These ponds receive water from an irrigation system that connects the whole agriculture land in the region. The tadpoles use the irrigation canals to move among ponds. We suggest that legislation should be established to prevent future invasions and to achieve sustainable management of the wild American bullfrog populations in San Juan. Prevention of future invasion and management of established populations of this species requires the cooperation of numerous stake holders.

  19. Mercantilismo, proteccionismo y orden público económico en el pensamiento constitucional de Juan Egaña / Mercantilism, Protectionism and Public Economic Order in the Constitutional Thought of Juan Egaña

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Javier Francisco, Infante Martin.

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Los principios liberales a los cuales adhería Juan Egaña, tales como libertad económica, propiedad privada y rol subsidiario del Estado, quedan de manifiesto a lo largo de su obra. El trabajo estudia tales conceptos para dejar en evidencia el pensamiento económico del autor, que prácticamente no ha [...] sido objeto de examern. Abstract in english The liberal principles Juan Egaña embraced, such as economic freedom, private property and the subsidiary role of the State, can be clearly seen throughout his work. This article studies said concepts to evidence the hardly studied, economical thought of the author. [...

  20. Utilization of modern contraceptives among female traders in Jos South LGA of Plateau state, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Envuladu E.A

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Contraceptive use is seen as pivotal to protecting women’s health and rights, contraception when accepted and used by majority of women in any given community has been shown to reduce unwanted pregnancy, high parity and consequently maternal mortality. Aim: The study aimed at determining the level of awareness, utilization, preferred methods of contraceptives and factors affecting contraceptive use among female traders of Jos south Local government area of Plateau state. Materials and methods: The study was a cross sectional descriptive study that was carried out among female traders within reproductive age group who were not pregnant and consented for the study. Data was generated using a semi-structured interviewer’s administered questionnaire. Result: Two hundred and twelve women were interviewed, their ages ranged from 15-49 years with a mean age of 30+ 3.72. Majority (69.3% were married. The level of awareness of modern contraceptives was high (93.4% and the most popular contraceptive methods were male condom (95.5%, injectable (87.4% and oral contraceptives pills (85.9% while the unpopular methods were female condom (40.4%, cervical diaphragm (17.5%, cervical cap (12.1% and spermicides (12.6%. The prevalence of modern contraceptive utilization was 51.9% while 102 (48.1% were not using any form of contraceptives. Factors found to be associated with contraceptive use among the female traders included marital status (p<0.0001, religion (p<0.0001, education (p=0.048 and parity (p=0.0003. Conclusion: The use of modern contraceptives has remained low despite the high level of awareness of the modern contraceptives among the female traders. Health education on the importance of the use of modern contraceptives should be given to female traders to encourage the use among them.

  1. Antibacterial Activity of Ethanolic Extract of Acalypha wilkesiana Leaves Growing in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gotep, J. G.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Antibacterial activity of ethanolic extract of Acalypha wilkesiana leaves growing in Vom, Jos, Plateau state, Nigeria was carried out to verify claims by the locals of its medicinal properties. We tested the extract for activity against Staphylococcus aureus (G+, Yersinia enterocolitica, Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella aerogenes (G-. The extract exhibited activity against the organisms in varying degrees. In the agar diffusion test, Y. enterocolitica showed the highest zone of inhibition (18 mm at the highest concentration of extract tested (20 mg/mL while E. coli, S. aureus, S. typhi, P. aeruginosa and K. aerogenes showed zones of inhibition of 17, 16, 15, 14 and 16 mm respectively. At extract concentration of 2.5 mg/mL, Y. enterocolitica and P. aeruginosa did not show any zones of inhibition while E.coli, S. aureus, S. typhi, and K. aerogenes showed zones of inhibition of 7, 6, 6 and 7 mm respectively. Below extract concentration of 2.5 mg/mL, there was no zone of inhibition observed with any organism. The MIC of the extract against the organisms was 5 mg/mL except on S. aureus where the MIC was 2.5 mg/mL. The MBC of the extract was 10 mg/mL against Y. enterocolitica, S. typhi, P. aeruginosa and K. aerogenes, 5 mg/mL against E. coli and S. aureus. Preliminary phytochemical testing revealed the presence of tannins, steroids, flavonoids and cardiac glycosides while saponins, alkaloids and anthraquinones were not present. The result gives scientific backing to the use of the leaves by the local people in the treatment of conditions usually associated with the organisms tested.

  2. Gamma ray spectroscopy of soil samples from apple orchards in Lamingo dam and Vom area in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Five samples each were collected from the apple orchards in Lamingo dam and Vom area of Jos East and Jos South local government areas respectively. The samples were allowed to decay for three weeks to ensure efficiency in acquiring the radionuclides. The samples were analyzed using Gamma Ray spectroscopy. Barium- 204 with gamma activity energy level 1765.50keV was used to check the presence of Uranium-235 in the samples. The results showed that samples Lams 2,3,4 and Voms 1,4,5 had high gamma activity energy levels of 2436.356keV, l837.24keV 2928.37 keV and 1656.32keV, 1635.48keV, 2351.87keV respectively as compared to (204B). While Lams 1,5 and Voms 2,3 had relatively lower gamma activity energy levels of 1325.23KeV, 1272.73keV and 1462.61KeV, 1183.24keV respectively. The samples with high gamma activity energy levels imply that radionuclide in the form of 235U is present in trace amounts in the sampled areas. This can affect the output of apples cultivated in such areas as the chemical composition or structure of plants will be altered.

  3. An Assessment of Mining Activities Impact on Vegetation in Bukuru Jos Plateau State Nigeria Using Normalized Differential Vegetation Index (NDVI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Musa Haruna D.

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The study area has a pathetic and deplorable condition of landuse/ landcover. The vegetal cover in the area has to be removed from the activities of tin mining which consequently resulted into adverse environmental effect such as erosion. Different forms of human induced stress such as tin mining and heavy rainfall have severely degraded soils on the Jos Plateau. Such degradation problems are also caused by deforestation, inappropriate farming system, bush burning and over-grazing which are hostile to the environment. The impact of tin mining has greatly affected the natural ecology of the study area Bukuru. Micro and macro organisms and plants have been stripped off their natural habitat due to tin mining activities. This paper therefore, assesses the mining activities impact on the vegetation in Bukuru area of Jos plateau in Nigeria. Normalized Differential Vegetation Index (NDVI techniques was adopted to Maps effect of tin mining on the vegetation for the period between 1975 and 2007 using LandSat satellite data. The result of the differential vegetation index analysis reveals a decline in vegetated surfaces in 1986 ranging from 0.04 to 0.58 indicating 0.05 and continuous loss in vegetation over the study area in 2007 (vegetated surface decrease by 0.08 between 1986 and 2007. The decrease in vegetated surface is due to intensive mining and cultivation.

  4. Prof. Jean-Dominique Vassalli, Rector of University of Geneva visiting the cavern ATLAS, the control room of ATLAS and the machine LHC at Point 1 with Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni and Dr. Jos Engelen, Chief Scientific Officer of CERN.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2008-01-01

    Prof. Jean-Dominique Vassalli, Rector of University of Geneva visiting the cavern ATLAS, the control room of ATLAS and the machine LHC at Point 1 with Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni and Dr. Jos Engelen, Chief Scientific Officer of CERN.

  5. Signature in the microcosm with Professor Bas S.C.J.J. Kortmann, Rector Magnificus Dr Anton A.J.M. Franken, Vice President Radboud University Nijmegen Kingdom of the Netherlands and Dr. Jos Engelen, Chief Scientific Officer of CERN.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2008-01-01

    Signature in the microcosm with Professor Bas S.C.J.J. Kortmann, Rector Magnificus Dr Anton A.J.M. Franken, Vice President Radboud University Nijmegen Kingdom of the Netherlands and Dr. Jos Engelen, Chief Scientific Officer of CERN.

  6. 78 FR 19103 - Safety Zone; Spanish Navy School Ship San Sebastian El Cano Escort; Bahia de San Juan; San Juan, PR

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    ...USCG-2013-0166] RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Spanish Navy School Ship San Sebastian El Cano...de San Juan during the transit of the Spanish Navy School Ship San Sebastian El Cano...the high ranking officials on board the Spanish Navy School Ship San Sebastian El...

  7. El conodonte darriwiliano Lenodus variabilis (Sergeeva) en la Precordillera Central de San Juan, Argentina / The Darwriwilian conodont Lenodus Variabilis (Sergeeva) in the Central Precordillera of San Juan, Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Susana, Heredia; Ana, Mestre.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Elementos de la especie guía Lenodus variabilis (Sergeeva) fueron recuperados de muestras provenientes de la Formación San Juan aforante en la sección del Cerro La Chilca, en la Precordillera Central de San Juan, Argentina. Estos depósitos de calizas corresponden a los últimos 15 metros de esta unid [...] ad los que están representados por packstone - wackestone bioclásticos, wackestone glauconíticos a grainstone bioclásticos. El hallazgo de L. variabilis permite registrar la biozona de conodontes homónima; estando también presente en la biozona sucesiva (Zona de Yangtzeplacognathus crassus), lo que permite verificar las similitudes entre el esquema de biozonas de conodontes del Darriwiliano medio de la Precordillera con el de Báltica y del centro-sur de China. Abstract in english Elements of the key species Lenodus variabilis (Sergeeva) have been recovered from samples of the San Juan Formation which is cropping out in Cerro La Chilca section, Central Precordillera (San Juan). These limestones correspond to the last 15 m of this unit and they are composed by packstone- biocl [...] astic wackestone, glauconitic wackestone to bioclastic grainstone. The finding of L. variabilis allows recording the homonymous biozone, been also present in the following biozone (Yangtzeplacognathus crassus Zone), which pointed out similarities between middle Darriwilian conodont biostratigraphic scheme of the Precordillera with those of Baltica and south-central China.

  8. Acercamientos al vocablo ????? en el Comentario a Juan de Orígenes

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Fernando, Soler.

    Full Text Available El presente artículo pretende ofrecer una aproximación al sentido que el vocablo ????? tiene en el pensamiento de Orígenes, a partir de la consideración de su Comentario a Juan, en particular de los libros I y II, donde comenta el pasaje Jn 1, 1-2. Con este propósito, se presenta el contexto filosóf [...] ico próximo desde el cual el Alejandrino recibe dicho vocablo, para luego analizar comprensivamente los diversos usos de ?????, comenzando por aquellos más simples, y terminando por los más cargados de significación teológica, presentes en los primeros dos libros de su Comentario, mostrando que el sentido más propio del vocablo hace referencia a una existencia eminentemente relacional, tanto respecto al Padre, como a nosotros. Abstract in english This article offers an approach to the meaning that the word ????? has in Origen's thought, from the consideration of his Commentary on John, particularly in the books I and II, where we found his treatise on the passage John 1, 1-2. For this purpose, it presents the close philosophical context from [...] which Origen receives that term. Then, the article comprehensively analyzes the multiple meanings of ?????, starting with the simpler ones, and ending with the terms carrying more theological significance, as they are presented in the first two books of his Commentary, showing that the deepest sense of the term ????? refers to an eminently relational existence, both to the Father, as to us.

  9. Tectonic setting of the San Juan basin in the Jurassic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the Middle and Late Jurassic, the structural configuration of the area occupied by the San Juan basin was different from the present-day configuration, which developed in response to Laramide deformation in the latest Cretaceous to early Teritary. An isopach map indicates a thickening of Middle to Upper Jurassic strata near the southern margin of the area. The thickening is attributed to downwarping, mainly in the Jurassic, which may have controlled depositional patterns and influenced the distribution of primary uranium ore deposits in the host rocks of the Jurassic Morrison Formation. Paleotectonic reconstruction indicates the existence of a magmatic arc immediately west of the Colorado Plateau in the Jurassic. Jurassic folding in the basin and magmatic activity in the arc have important implications bearing on the uranium geology of the area. The folding probably exerted some control on depositional trends in the host rocks which, in turn, influenced the distribution of uranium deposits in them. Volcanism in the magmatic arc supplied silicic ash that may be the source of some, if not all, of the uranium in the host rocks

  10. Danger on mountain roads, Iglesia Department, San Juan, Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper is related to Mining Projects at Valle del Cura - Iglesia Department-San Juan Province-Argentina Republic. Basis for an Integrated Management of a Sustainable Mining.It aims at locating and analyzing natural dangers which may interfere high mountain paths, such as climatic, anthropic and/or tectonic factors since they may stop a region development. A hillside, a mountainside,a talus or a slope may have, due to their extensive areas, either lithological or structural variations which might determine the presence of un stability phenomena.The cordillera n Iglesia sector major dangers are related to mass displacement movements as a result of the great quantity of unstable detritus situated in valleys slopes.Landsat images, aerial photographs, topographic and geological maps data allowed to detect several sectors that may generate mass displacement movements, Arroyo de Aguas Negras rising sector was selected because it is on the right of National Route No. 150 trace. It is not only a national, but also an international route that connects Argentina and Chile.(author)

  11. Juan Carlos Rodríguez y la renovación de marxismo althusseriano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malcolm K. Read

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In the immediate aftermath of 1968, a number of works on Marxist literary theory appeared that were destined to command the attention not only of writers who were re- cognizably ‘Marxist’ or ‘Marxian’ but of others who boasted little in the way of allegiance to the Marxist tradition, however broadly defined. Two such works were Terry Eagleton’s Criticism and Ideology (1976 and Fredric Jameson’s The Political Unconscious (1981. While deeply and confessedly indebted to Louis Althusser for kick-starting their careers, inspirationally speaking, both Eagleton and Jameson were subsequently to reveal an ambiguous, even troubled relation to the French Marxist: Eagleton, through a series of texts that, their unquestionable distinction notwithstanding, run hot and cold in their commitment to ‘Althusserianism’; Jameson, through a brand of Hegelianizing Marxism that finally proved unable to take on board the full complexity of the Althusserian legacy. Preceding both these scholars chronologically, and bearing comparison with them in terms of intellectual range, ambition, and productivity, was Juan Carlos Rodríguez, whose Teoría e historia de la producción ideológica appeared in 1974. Except that there the similarities end, for whereas Eagleton and Jameson were destined to achieve star status within their profession, a rather different career trajectory awaited Rodríguez.

  12. Juan Valentin: un gelogo que supo resumir la geologa argentina / Juan Valentin: a geologist that compiled the geology of Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Florencio Gilberto, Aceolaza.

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Juan Valentin fue un destacado gelogo alemn que arrib a nuestra patria en 1894 para integrarse a los equipos que entonces desarrollaban investigaciones desde el Museo de La Plata y el Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires. Su trabajo lo llev, inicialmente, a estudiar las sierras de Buenos Aires y luego tam [...] bin lo hizo en Crdoba, San Luis, Salta y Jujuy. Fue grande su actividad, motivo por el cual, se lo incorpor a la Sociedad Cientfica Argentina asumiendo la revisin y compaginacin de los Anales que en ese tiempo editaba la mencionada institucin. Esta actividad ms el conocimiento de campo logrado, lo llev a confeccionar un extenso artculo donde describi la geologa de la Argentina, el cual fue agregado a la edicin del Segundo Censo Nacional. A este trabajo se lo considera una importante sntesis sobre la constitucin geolgica del pas. Entusiasmado con el apoyo que vena logrando planific un programa de investigacin para desarrollar en el norte de la Patagonia e incrementar el conocimiento de la estratigrafa regional. As fue que, en octubre de en 1897, se dirigi a Puerto Madryn donde llev adelante sus primeros trabajos en el valle del ro Chubut y la zona de Cabo Raso. Revisando afloramientos en las cercanas de Aguada de Reyes muri en un fatal accidente, como dice la crnica, con sus bolsillos repletos de los fsiles que haba coleccionado. Haca poco ms de dos aos que se desempeaba en el pas y contaba con 30 aos recin cumplidos. La mencin histrica narra que su cuerpo fue sepultado en la ciudad de Rawson. Abstract in english Juan Valentin was a German geologist that arrived to Argentina in 1894 to join the staff members of the Museum of La Plata and the National Museum of Buenos Aires. His work initially took him to explore the Buenos Aires ranges, and then those of Crdoba, San Luis, Salta and Jujuy. He joined the Argen [...] tine Scientific Society, assuming the edition of the Annals. His activities and the achieved knowledge in the field led him to prepare a lengthy article describing the geology of the Argentina, which was added to the second edition of the Argentine National Census. This work is considered an important synthesis of the geology of the country. He started working in Patagonia, increasing the knowledge of regional stratigraphy. In 1897 he conducted works in the Chubut River valley and Cabo Raso area. Revising outcrops in the area of Aguada de Reyes, he had a fatal accident while carrying its pockets full of fossils. He was employed a little over two years in Argentina, and had just turned 30 years old. His body rest in peace in Rawson.

  13. POACEAE EN EL ARCHIPIELAGO DE JUAN FERNANDEZ (ROBINSON CRUSOE) / POACEAE IN THE JUAN FERNANDEZ ARCHIPELAGO (ROBINSON CRUSOE)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carlos M, Baeza; Clodomiro, Marticorena; Tod, Stuessy; Eduardo, Ruiz; María, Negritto.

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available El archipiélago de Juan Fernández (Robinson Crusoe) está ubicado a 670 km al oeste de Valparaíso, en el Océano Pacífico. Está formado por tres islas, todas de origen volcánico: Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe) Más Afuera (Alejandro Selkirk) y Santa Clara. Los inventarios más completos de la flora de e [...] ste archipiélago fueron realizados por Johow a fines del s. XIX y por Skottsberg, a mediados del siglo pasado. El estudio más reciente es el de Danton & Perrier. La flora documentada es de 423 especies de plantas vasculares, 55 Pteridophyta, 289 Dicotyledoneae y 79 Monocotyledoneae. Del número total de especies, 31,2% son endémicas, 18,7% nativas y 50,1% adventicias. La familia Poaceae comprende el 11% de la flora total de las islas y presenta 53 especies incluidas en 32 géneros, de las cuales el 9,4% son endémicas, 9,4% nativas y 81,2% introducidas. En este trabajo se entrega una clave dicotómica para los géneros, se describen y se señala, para cada una de las especies, información relacionada con la iconografía, distribución, ecología, estados de conservación y material examinado. Se comentan estos resultados con los descritos por Danton & Perrier (2006). Abstract in english The archipelago of Juan Fernández (Robinson Crusoe) is located to 670 km west of Valparaíso, in the Pacific Ocean. It is formed by 3 islands, all of volcanic origin: Masatierra (Robinson Crusoe), Masafuera (Alexander Selkirk) and Santa Clara. Johow and Skottsberg have made the most complete inventor [...] ies of the flora of this archipelago. The most recent study is the one of Danton & Perrier. The documented flora include 423 species of vascular plants, 55 Pteridophyta, 289 Dicotyledoneae and 79 Monocotyledoneae. Of the total number of species, 31.2% are endemic, 18.7% native and 50.1% introduced. The Poaceae family represents 11% of the total flora of the islands and displays 53 species included in 32 genera, of which 9,4% are endemic, 9,4% native and 81,2% alien. In this work a key for the genera and a description of the species are given. Information in relationship to the iconography, distribution, ecology, conservation and examined material is presented. These results are compared and discussed with the ones of Danton & Perrier (2006)

  14. Geochemistry and mineralogy of the Lower Tertiary in situ laterites on the Jos Plateau, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valeton, Ida; Beißner, Hubert

    A geochemical investigation was initated on 24 samples from four different weathering profiles—inselbergs—of the Jos Plateau, Nigeria. Results are presented on field-occurrence, macro- and micro-textures, normative mineralogical composition, kaolinite crystallinity, porosity and density measurements and major and trace element compositions. The polygenetic overprinted profiles, up to 80 m thick, show vertical zonation in soil horizons with very strong Fe- or Al-accumulation in the B ox-horizon that classify them as fossil oxisols whose derivation is related to coastal plains during Lower Tertiary times. The fabriques of the in situ weathering profiles show relic textures according to basaltic or magmatic parent rocks in the lower parts. The upper parts of the sections, where relic textures also partly occur, are mainly characterized by neoformed textures like vesicular, concretionary and spongy textures. In the B ox-horizons, which are in all sections of basaltic origin, lateral facies change is developed. In profiles 9 and 10, this horizon is developed as an iron crust (B ox, fe) and in profiles 12 and 13 as bauxite (B ox, al). Partly or completely maintained relictic minerals in the lower parts of the sections are quartz, zircon, monazite, rutile and opaque heavy minerals. Later eolian transport led to infiltration by illuviation in the upper parts of the profiles with some of these minerals. The mineral composition of the profiles is mainly determined by newly formed minerals like kaolinite, gibbsite, hematite, geothite and anatase. Kaolinte crystallinity values are mostly high except for the B/C-horizons of profiles 9 and 10 as well as for the upper part of the B r-horizon in profile 9. Porosity and density in the B/C- and B r-horizons are relatively monotonous. In the B ox-horizons porosity is reduced and density is mainly in relation to Al- or Fe-minerals. Chemical analysis shows enrichment of elements like Al, Fe, Cr, V and Hf in the B ox-horizons, whereas soluble elements like alkalis and earth-alkalis have been leached out. Beside the preserved relic textures of the parent rocks, the origin of the weathering products is determined geochemically by the discrimination diagram 'Zr/TiO 2: Nb/Y' after Floyd and Winchester (1978, Chem. Geol.21, 291-306).

  15. Assessment of radiological hazards of tin mining and ore processing in Jos, Nigeria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On the Jos Plateau were found uncontrolled tailing heaps generated from Tin Mining Activities. To assess the associated radiological hazards, an abandoned tailing dump ground was investigated with the residents as the critical population. The mean activity concentrations of 40K, 226Ra and 232Th in the 60 analyzed soil samples were 1251.7±478.4, 3867.5±1282.7 and 8301.9±2862.6 Bqkg-1, respectively with a mean computed dose rate of 7.2±1.6 ?Gyh-1. An annual mean outdoor effective dose of 8.9±0.9mSvy-1 was estimated. Also the activity concentrations of 40K, 226Ra and 232Th in the 60 control soil samples were 447.0±68.0, 37.4±7.4 and 115.4±16.7 Bqkg-1, respectively with a mean dose rate of 0.11±0.01 ?Gyh-1. To account for the internal exposure, vegetables and root crops commonly grown and consumed in the area were assayed. Six varieties of vegetables and five varieties of root crops were analyzed. An internal annual mean effective dose of 148.98±8.14?Svy-1 was estimated. The verification of dose limit compliance for members of the public demands that: External Dose/Dose Limit + Intake (ingested)/ALI (ingestion) + Intake (inhaled)/ALI (inhalation) ? 1. Based on obtained data above, there is non-compliance with the dose limit, since the first term of the compliance formula is much greater than unity. There is therefore a need for an intervention to prevent radiation over exposure of the members of the public. The calculated cancer mortality risk for external and internal exposure scenarios for 226Ra and 232Th were (1.67±0.33) x 10-6(0.00017%) and (3.41±0.14) x 10-6(0.00034%), respectively. The 226Ra radionuclide contributed about 96.09% of the risk in the external scenario with only 3.09% from the 232Th while in the internal, the 226Ra contributed only 70.38%. The combined external and internal (ingestion) risk is (5.08±0.36) x 10-6/year. (author)

  16. Glycaspis brimblecombei (Hemiptera, Psyllidae) nueva plaga del arbolado público urbano de Mendoza y San Juan (Argentina) / Glycaspis brimblecombei (Hemiptera, Psyllidae) new plague in urban forest of Mendoza and San Juan provinces (Argentina)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carmelo V., Ganci; Silvio, Lanatti.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Se da a conocer la presencia en Mendoza y San Juan del psilido del Eucalyptus atacando forestales de calles, parques y plazas. [...] Abstract in english This note points out the presence of Eucalyptus psilide, which affects trees in streets and parks of Mendoza and San Juan cities. [...

  17. 33 CFR 334.1180 - Strait of Juan de Fuca, Wash.; air-to-surface weapon range, restricted area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...false Strait of Juan de Fuca, Wash.; air-to-surface weapon range, restricted area. 334.1180 Section 334.1180...1180 Strait of Juan de Fuca, Wash.; air-to-surface weapon range, restricted area. (a) The restricted area....

  18. Juan García de Castañeda, Felipe de Ureña y el proyecto del retablo mayor para el Santuario de Nuestra Señora de San Juan de los Lagos (1758-1763) / Juan García de Castañeda, Felipe de Ureña and the Plan of the Principal Altarpiece of the Sanctuary for Nuestra Señora de San Juan de los Lagos (1758-1763)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José Armando, Hernández Soubervielle; Omar, López Padilla.

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available El 8 de abril de 1758 se reunieron en San Juan de los Lagos, el maestro ensamblador Juan García de Castañeda (yerno de Felipe de Ureña) y el capellán Francisco del Río, para formalizar el contrato de hechura del retablo mayor del nuevo Santuario de aquella villa. El presente trabajo da cuenta de la [...] importancia que tuvo el taller de Ureña y García de Castañeda en Aguascalientes y cómo y a través de quién se difundió su fama en el septentrión y occidente novohispanos. Se aborda la relación entre estos dos maestros ensambladores y cómo fue que García de Castañeda terminó haciéndose con la hechura de una obra tan importante como la del retablo mayor del Santuario de San Juan de los Lagos, en el estado de Jalisco. Finalmente, se da a conocer el plano original de aquel retablo (hoy desaparecido) y se analiza su contenido. Abstract in english On April 8th, 1758 master carpenter and joiner Juan García de Castañeda (Felipe de Ureña's son-in-law) and Francisco del Rio, chaplain of the San Juan de los Lagos Sanctuary met in order to formalize the agreement to create the principal altarpiece for the town's new Sanctuary. This research assesse [...] s the importance of Ureña and García de Castaneda's workshop in Aguascalientes and considers how, and through whom, its fame spread throughout Northern and Western New Spain. It also considers the relationship they established and how it was that García de Castañeda took charge of the commitment to build a retable of such importance as that of San Juan de los Lagos in the State of Jalisco. Finally, the article presents the altarpieces' original plan (now disappeared) and analyzes its content.

  19. Environmental geologic analysis of Rio de las Taguas basin Departmento Iglesia San Juan Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A mineral environmental research project results where it has been located in Rio de las Taguas basin, Departamento Iglesia, Provincia de San Juan, Argentina. It has been placed in frontal Andean mountain in San Juan. In this geographic framework has been developed Au and Ag mineral project in order the world scale. The aim of this article is has been related the mineral and geological units bet wen the basin chemistry as well as to carry out future measurements mines impacts in this area. (author)

  20. Juan Puma, el hijo del oso. Cuento quechua de La Jalca, Chachapoyas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available JUAN PUMA, LE FILS DE L'OURS . CONTE QUECHUA DE LA JALCA, CHACHAPOYAS. Une des fêtes les plus importantes de la communauté de La Jalca, Province de Chachapoyas, Amazonas, est celle de la Saint-Pierre où l?on exécute une danse de l?ours très semblable à celle des ukukus du sud péruvien. Le narrateur du récit que nous publions ici assimile ce rite à l?histoire de Juan Oso (Jean de l?Ours très connue dans le monde andin. L?importance de l?ours dans cette culture des hautes terres amazoniennes est fondamentale. En quechua local, l?ours s?appelle ?puma? et partage avec le puma de la forêt les caractéristiques de puissance effrayante et de pouvoirs surnaturels. Le fils de l?ours, Juan, évoque les relations ambiguës liant les ?chrétiens? des hautes terres d?Amazonas et les ?sauvages? de la forêt. Una de las fiestas más importantes de la comunidad de La Jalca, Provincia de Chachapoyas, Amazonas, es la de San Pedro en la que se representa un baile del oso muy semejante al baile de los ukukus del sur peruano. El narrador del cuento que publicamos aquí asimila este rito a la historia de Juan Oso, muy conocido en el mundo andino. La importancia del oso en esta cultura de la ceja de selva alta es fundamental. En quechua local, el oso se llama ?puma? y comparte con el puma de la selva las características de fuerza temible y poderes sobrenaturales. El hijo del oso, Juan, evoca las relaciones ambiguas existentes entre los ?cristianos? de la serranía de Amazonas y los ?chunchos? de la selva. JUAN PUMA, THE BEAR'S SON. A QUECHUA TALE FROM LA JALCA, CHACHAPOYAS. One of the most important feasts of the community of La Jalca, Province of Amazonas, is that of Saint Peter in which a bear dance similar to the southern Peruvian dance of the ukukus is performed. In the story published here, the narrator assimilates this rite with the tale of Juan Oso, another story which is well known throughout the Andes. The importance of bears in Amazonas highland culture is fundamental. In local Quechua, bears are known as pumas and they share the fearful strength and superhuman powers which characterize jungle ?pumas?. The bear?s son, Juan, calls to mind the ambiguous relations linking the ?Christians? of the highlands of Amazonas and the ?savages? of the jungles.

  1. Bibliography of the geology and hydrology, San Juan Basin, New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, and Utah

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The San Juan Basin of New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, and Utah has long been considered a primary source of natural resources. Some of these resources include water, oil, gas, uranium, and coal. Because of continuing interest and activity in the San Juan Basin, a comprehensive collection of the literature has been compiled. This bibliography includes over 2500 references in geology, hydrology, chemistry, and geography. The citations are dated from mid-1850 historical documents through December 1977 and include documents in English language only. The references are basically in the physical sciences with some historical and archaeological material included as background. They are arranged by author or corporate author

  2. Long-term changes of the time-latitude and seismicity in San Juan, Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jing, Tian; Zeng, Zhifang

    1997-01-01

    The relation between the residuals of astronomical time and latitude and seismicity in the vicinity of San Juan of Argentina is researched. The results show that there are close relations between major earthquakes (M ? 5.0) and the time-latitude residuals of Danjon astrolabe installed in San Juan Observatory. The earthquakes often occur at the peak segment of the latitude residual curve. This phenomenon may be explained by the displacement of the crust around the observatory before the occurrence of a major earthquake.

  3. Intrathermocline eddies at the Juan Fernández Archipelago, southeastern Pacific / Remolinos intratermoclina en el Archipiélago Juan Fernández, Océano Pacífico suroriental

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Isabel, Andrade; Samuel, Hormazábal; Vincent, Combes.

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Se analizaron los resultados de un modelo oceánico regional (ROMS), combinado con información de clorofila-? (Clo-?) y altimetría satelital, además de información proveniente de cruceros oceanográficos, para identificar la interacción entre los remolinos intratermoclina (ITEs) y el Archipiélago Juan [...] Fernández (AJF), y discutir su potencial impacto sobre las concentraciones de Clo-? superficial. El AJF se encuentra ubicado frente a la costa central de Chile (33°S), y está conformado por las islas Robinson Crusoe, Santa Clara y Alejandro Selkirk. Los resultados indican que los remolinos anticiclónicos superficiales y subsuperficiales que interactúan con el AJF se forman principalmente en la zona de transición costera entre 33° y 39°S. Los ITEs se presentan en la región del AJF con una frecuencia semianual, principalmente durante el período de otoño austral, y poseen una débil expresión superficial respecto de los remolinos superficiales adyacentes, un lento desplazamiento (1,16-1,4 km d-1) con dirección noroeste y una estructura coherente por períodos ? 1 año. Durante la interacción de los ITEs con las islas RC-SC y el monte submarino adyacente, se observó una leve (prominente) deflexión del límite superior (inferior) de la termoclina. La escala horizontal (~70-100 km) fue mayor que el radio interno de deformación de Rossby y la escala vertical promedio fue de ~400 m. La interacción entre el ITE de débil expresión superficial identificada con altimetría satelital durante el período de otoño y el AJF perduró durante nueve semanas alcanzando el período invierno. Aproximadamente un mes después del comienzo de la interacción entre el ITE y las islas, se observaron incrementos de Clo-? superficial asociados al remolino con valores hasta tres veces mayores, respecto de las aguas oceánicas adyacentes. Abstract in english Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) results, combined with chlorophyll-? (Chl-?) and satellite altimetry information as well as information from oceanographic cruises were analyzed to identify interactions between intrathermocline eddies (ITEs) and the Juan Fernández Archipelago (JFA), and discuss [...] their potential impact on surface Chl-? concentrations. The JFA is located off the coast of central Chile (33°S), and is composed of three main islands: Robinson Crusoe (RC), Alejandro Selkirk (AS) and Santa Clara (SC). Results indicate that the surface and subsurface anticyclonic eddies that interact with the JFA are formed primarily within the coastal transition zone between 33° and 39°S. ITEs are present within the JFA region with a semiannual frequency, mainly during the austral autumn, and have a weak surface expression in relation to the adjacent surface eddies, with a slow displacement (1.16 to 1.4 km d-1) in a northwest direction and a coherent structure for periods of ? 1 year. During the ITEs' interaction with RC-SC islands and an adjacent seamount, a slight (prominent) thermocline deflection of the upper limit (lower) was observed. The horizontal extent (~70-100 km) was greater than the internal Rossby deformation radius and the average vertical extent was ~400 m. The interaction between the weak surface expression of ITEs, identified with satellite altimetry, and the JFA persisted during autumn for nine weeks until reaching the winter period. Approximately one month after the beginning of the interaction between ITEs and the islands, increases in surface Chl-? associated with the eddy were observed, with values up to three times higher than adjacent oceanic waters.

  4. Juan Padrón Galíndez: Un ciudadano a carta cabal (12/06/1918-16/01/2005) / Juan Padrón Galíndez: A perfectgentleman (12/06/1918-16/01/2005)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Magaly, Pedrique de Aulacio.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta una semblanza de Juan Padrón Galíndez, farmacéutico venezolano, fundador del actual Departamento de Microbiología del Instituto Nacional de Higiene y de la Cátedra de Microbiología de la Facultad de Farmacia de la Universidad Central de Venezuela, resaltando diferentes r [...] asgos de su personalidad y sus destacadas actuaciones en el campo profesional y musical. Abstract in english This paper presents a brief biography of Juan Padrón Galíndez, Venezuelan pharmacist, founder of the current Department of Microbiology of the Instituto Nacional de Higiene and the Chair of Microbiology, Facultad de Farmacia of the Universidad Central de Venezuela, highlighting various features of h [...] is personality and his outstanding performances related with his profession and with the music.

  5. A propósito de unas versiones de La Sagrada Familia con los santos «Juanitos» de Juan de Juanes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mateo Gómez, Isabel

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available Desde el año 1961 consta en el Archivo fotográfico del Instituto Amatller de Barcelona una Sagrada Familia con los santos «Juanitos» (fig. 1, en colección privada madrileña. Un año después, José Luis Alonso Misol la publicó en un artículo sobre Pintura española en colecciones madrileñas, aportando el nombre del coleccionista, Sr. Fernández López, y destacando que se trataba de una de las mejores obras de Juan de Juanes, de la que hay otras versiones con algunas variantes, poniendo como ejemplo de ellas la de la Academia de San Fernando (fig. 3. En esta línea podría considerarse la pintada por Nicolás Borras (fig. 4, de la colección Grases de Barcelona donde se encontraba en 1916, y en la que se advierten ambas influencias.…

  6. Project "Conservation, Restoration, and Development of the Juan Fernández islands, Chile" Proyecto conservación, restauración y desarrollo de las islas Juan Fernández, Chile

    OpenAIRE

    Cuevas, Jaime G.; GART VAN LEERSUM

    2001-01-01

    From a scientific point of view, the Juan Fernández islands contain one of the most interesting floras of the planet. Although protected as a National Park and a World Biosphere Reserve, 400 years of human interference have left deep traces in the native plant communities. Repeated burning, overexploitation of species, and the introduction of animal and plant plagues have taken 75 % of the endemic vascular flora to the verge of extinction. In 1997, Chile's national forest service (Corporaci?...

  7. Apnea obstructiva del sueño: experiencia en el Hospital San Juan de Dios / San Juan de Dios Hospital’s experience in Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alejandra, Flores-Badilla; Alcibey, Alvarado-González.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: determinar las características epidemiológicas de los pacientes estudiados por apnea obstructiva del sueño (AOS) en el Hospital San Juan de Dios, Costa Rica, de enero de 2005 a diciembre de 2011. Métodos: se trata de un estudio descriptivo-retrospectivo de los pacientes con el cuadro clín [...] ico de AOS, atendidos en Consulta Externa de Neumología del Hospital San Juan de Dios, de enero de 2005 a diciembre de 2011. La información se obtuvo de los expedientes médicos, por medio de una ficha de recolección de datos. Con base en los resultados se realizó el análisis estadístico. Resultados: la población total fue de 182 pacientes, de los cuales al 88% se le diagnosticó el síndrome en estudio. El género femenino predominó en la AOS de grado leve a moderado, y el masculino, en el severo. El aumento de la edad y el índice de masa corporal correlacionaron con la mayor probabilidad del diagnóstico de AOS (p Abstract in english Objectives: To identify the epidemiological characteristics of the patients studied in the San Juan de Dios Hospital, Costa Rica, from January 2005 to December 2011, under suspicion of having obstructive sleep apnea. Methods: This is a retrospective and descriptive study, done between January 2005 a [...] nd December 2011. Epidemiological information was taken from the medical records of the patients studied in the Pulmonary Medicine Department of the San Juan de Dios Hospital, under suspicion of suffering from obstructive sleep apnea. Results: 182 records of patients were examined, showing that 88% of them suffered from obstructive sleep apnea. The disease appears predominantly in a minor to moderate level on females and in a severe level on males. The study exhibited that both age and body mass index, have a direct correlation with the possibility of obstructive sleep apnea (p

  8. EL CAMINO DEL INCA ENTRE TOCOTA Y VILLA NUEVA (VALLE DE IGLESIA, SAN JUAN / The Inka road between Tocota and Villa Nueva (Iglesia Valley, San Juan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro García

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La vialidad estatal incaica en los valles longitudinales de la provincia de San Juan, en el extremo SE del Tawantinsuyu, ha sido objeto de diversas consideraciones durante el último siglo. Sin embargo, no se han realizado estudios específicos destinados a comprobar su existencia, la cual incluso ha sido negada recientemente. A fin de aclarar el tema se realizó el relevamiento de un sector del Valle de Iglesia. En este artículo se presentan los resultados de ese estudio, junto con una revisión y discusión de los antecedentes y de algunas ideas vinculadas con el tema. Fundamentalmente, se verifica la presencia del Qhapaq Ñan en la parte baja del sector analizado, se refuta la propuesta de que el trazado longitudinal principal se habría extendido por la parte alta del sector precordillerano y se sostiene que el tramo relevado fue recorrido por Debenedetti a principios del siglo XX, aunque sin advertir que se trataba del camino incaico.   Palabras clave: Inca; Camino del Inca; Dominación incaica; Collasuyo; San Juan   Abstract The Inka road system in the longitudinal valleys of San Juan province, in the southeastern end of Tawantinsuyu, has been subject of several considerations during the last century. However, no specific studies have been undertaken to verify its existence, which recently has been even denied. To clarify the issue we surveyed a section of Iglesia Valley. This article presents the results of that study, along with a review and discussion of the background and of some ideas related to the topic. Basically, the presence of the Qhapaq Ñan at the bottom of the surveyed sector is verified, and the suggestion that the main inka longitudinal route would have extended over the top of the precordilleran mountain region is refused. Also, it is argued that the analyzed stretch was traveled by Debenedetti in the beginnings of the twentieth century, but without realizing that it was the Inka road.   Keywords: Inka; Inka Road; Inka Domination; Collasuyu; San Juan

  9. La armonía del devenir: zen y poesía en Juan L. Ortiz / The Harmony of Becoming: Zen and Poetry in the work of Juan L. Ortiz

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Tania, Favela Bustillo.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En este ensayo exploro la relación que existe en la poesía del poeta argentino Juan L. Ortiz, entre la experiencia poética y la iluminación o satori de la filosofía zen. Juan L. Ortiz, por medio de la contemplación de su paisaje natal-cotidiano, logra acceder a un nivel de conciencia en el que entre [...] vé la maravilla de la compenetración del uno con el todo. La renuncia a sí mismo, la atención hacia las cosas por más ínfimas que éstas sean, la aceptación del vacío como fundamento de la existencia, lo llevan a ver al amor como la única respuesta para recobrar su propia armonía. La poesía para Ortiz supone entonces la posibilidad de acceder, mediante el leguaje, a esa armonía tan deseada. Un eje importante de este ensayo es el de mostrar cómo el lenguaje de Ortiz logra configurar en su interior esa experiencia, cómo construye un lenguaje que él mismo calificó de "transparente", y cómo ese lenguaje logra contener en sí la armonía del devenir. Abstract in english I am exploring in this essay the relation in Argentinian poet Juan L. Ortiz's poetry, between the poetic experience and the zen philosophy of enlightenment or satori. Through the contemplation of the landscape in his everyday fatherland, Juan L. Ortiz reaches consciousness in which he perceives the [...] wonder of one being one with everything. Renouncement of one's self, attention to the smallest of things, acceptance of the void as basis of our existence, take him to see love as the only answer to recover harmony. Ortiz's poetry gives then the possibility to enter, through language, to that harmony he so aspires. An important axis in this essay is to present how Ortiz's language succeeds to configure within itself that experience, how he buildsup a language which he himself denominated "transparent", and how this language contains within itself the harmony of becoming.

  10. Depósitos marinos progradantes del Carbonífero Inferior de la Precordillera Occidental, San Juan, Argentina / Prograding marine deposits of the Lower Carboniferous of the Western Precordillera, San Juan, Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Roberto Ricardo, Lech.

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Se analizan, tanto en sus aspectos estratigráficos como en su interpretación paleoambiental, las rocas fosilíferas de la Formación Leoncito (Carbonífero Temprano tardío) aflorantes en la Precordillera de San Juan, Argentina. Se presentan un mapa geológico detallado y tres perfiles estratigráficos, e [...] n donde se ubicaron los distintos niveles fosilíferos que caracterizan a dicha formación. Se propone para la sección basal de la Formación Leoncito un modelo de sedimentación marina-transicional, con facies de barreras arenosas, canales, deltas de mareas y albufera, los que fueron afectados por flujos de detritos de origen glacial y en el que se desarrolló el pavimento estriado intraformacional que caracteriza a la sección superior del perfil estratigráfico. Abstract in english The stratigraphy and the environmental interpretation of the rocks with fossils of the Leoncito Formation (Late Early Carboniferous) of San Juan´s Precordillera mountain is analysed, together with a detailed geologic map and three stratigraphic profiles where the different layers were located with f [...] ossils. The basal section of the Leoncito Formation is interpreted as marine-transitional sedimentation, with facies of sandy barriers, channels, tidal delta and lagoon, those were affected by sands and conglomerate of glacial origin.

  11. Pesca exploratoria con espineles en aguas profundas en torno a la isla Robinson Crusoe (Archipiélago de Juan Fernández, Chile Longline exploratory fishing survey in deep waters around Robinson Crusoe island (Juan Fernandez archipelago, Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricio M. Arana

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available La pesca exploratoria con espineles se efectuó en torno a la isla Robinson Crusoe del archipiélago de Juan Fernández, entre noviembre de 1996 y marzo de 1997. Esta experiencia fue desarrollada mediante el calado de espineles horizontales y verticales en estaciones posicionadas sobre 4 transectas orientadas radialmente a las islas, entre 50 y 1000 m de profundidad. En dicha experiencia se trabajó principalmente con anzuelos desbalanceados números 5, 6, 7 y 9. Los principales recursos capturados en estas actividades correspondieron a: anguila de profundidad (Bassanago nielseni, breca (Cheilodactylus gayi, cabrilla de Juan Fernández (Scorpaena fernandeziana, chancharro (Helicolenus lengerichi, corvina de Juan Fernández (Umbrina reedi, jurel de Juan Fernández (Pseudocaranx chilensis, morena (Gymnotorax porphyreus, ribaldo (Mora moro, tollo de Juan Fernández (Squalus mitsukurii, pez mariposa (Pterygotrigla picta y alfonsino (Beryx splendens. Si bien las capturas obtenidas con estos aparejos no fueron especialmente abundantes, permitieron determinar la fauna íctica de aguas profundas en torno a estas islas. Las especies que presentaron los rendimientos más altos fueron la breca y tollo de Juan Fernández, entre 50 y 200 m, y el ribaldo, entre 400 y 600 m. Entre 600 y 1000 m no se registró captura de pecesA longline exploratory fishing around Robinson Crusoe island, belonging to the Juan Fernandez Archipelago, was conducted between November 1996 and March 1997. The experience was developed by setting horizontal and vertical longlines at stations over four radial transects, between 50 and 1000 m depth, using unbalanced hooks numbers 5, 6, 7 and 9. Main resources caught during these activities were: deep water eel (Bassanago nielseni, breca (Cheilodactylus gayi, Juan Fernandez rockfish (Scorpaena fernandeziana, croaker (Helicolenus lengerichi, Juan Fernandez corvina (Umbrina reedi, Juan Fernandez mackerel (Pseudocaranx chilensis, moray (Gymnotorax porphyreus, codling (Mora moro, Juan Fernandez dogfish (Squalus mitsukurii, robin fish (Pterygotrigla picta and alfonsino (Beryx splendens. Even though the catch with these gears was not conspicuously abundant, it was possible to identify the deep water fauna around these islands. The species with higher yields were the breca and Juan Fernandez dogfish, between 50 and 200 m, and codling, between 400 and 600 m. Between 600 and 1000 m no fishes were recorded

  12. Pesca exploratoria con espineles en aguas profundas en torno a la isla Robinson Crusoe (Archipiélago de Juan Fernández), Chile / Longline exploratory fishing survey in deep waters around Robinson Crusoe island (Juan Fernandez archipelago), Chile

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Patricio M., Arana; Rodrigo, Vega.

    Full Text Available La pesca exploratoria con espineles se efectuó en torno a la isla Robinson Crusoe del archipiélago de Juan Fernández, entre noviembre de 1996 y marzo de 1997. Esta experiencia fue desarrollada mediante el calado de espineles horizontales y verticales en estaciones posicionadas sobre 4 transectas ori [...] entadas radialmente a las islas, entre 50 y 1000 m de profundidad. En dicha experiencia se trabajó principalmente con anzuelos desbalanceados números 5, 6, 7 y 9. Los principales recursos capturados en estas actividades correspondieron a: anguila de profundidad (Bassanago nielseni), breca (Cheilodactylus gayi), cabrilla de Juan Fernández (Scorpaena fernandeziana), chancharro (Helicolenus lengerichi), corvina de Juan Fernández (Umbrina reedi), jurel de Juan Fernández (Pseudocaranx chilensis), morena (Gymnotorax porphyreus), ribaldo (Mora moro), tollo de Juan Fernández (Squalus mitsukurii), pez mariposa (Pterygotrigla picta) y alfonsino (Beryx splendens). Si bien las capturas obtenidas con estos aparejos no fueron especialmente abundantes, permitieron determinar la fauna íctica de aguas profundas en torno a estas islas. Las especies que presentaron los rendimientos más altos fueron la breca y tollo de Juan Fernández, entre 50 y 200 m, y el ribaldo, entre 400 y 600 m. Entre 600 y 1000 m no se registró captura de peces Abstract in english A longline exploratory fishing around Robinson Crusoe island, belonging to the Juan Fernandez Archipelago, was conducted between November 1996 and March 1997. The experience was developed by setting horizontal and vertical longlines at stations over four radial transects, between 50 and 1000 m depth [...] , using unbalanced hooks numbers 5, 6, 7 and 9. Main resources caught during these activities were: deep water eel (Bassanago nielseni), breca (Cheilodactylus gayi), Juan Fernandez rockfish (Scorpaena fernandeziana), croaker (Helicolenus lengerichi), Juan Fernandez corvina (Umbrina reedi), Juan Fernandez mackerel (Pseudocaranx chilensis), moray (Gymnotorax porphyreus), codling (Mora moro), Juan Fernandez dogfish (Squalus mitsukurii), robin fish (Pterygotrigla picta) and alfonsino (Beryx splendens). Even though the catch with these gears was not conspicuously abundant, it was possible to identify the deep water fauna around these islands. The species with higher yields were the breca and Juan Fernandez dogfish, between 50 and 200 m, and codling, between 400 and 600 m. Between 600 and 1000 m no fishes were recorded

  13. ARTE RUPESTRE DE SAN JUAN: PETROGLIFOS DE ANGACO (OBRA ABIERTA EN EL ESPACIO Y EL TIEMPO)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Adriana, del Valle Varela; María Gabriela, Riveros.

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Las obras de arte rupestre (petroglifos) que aquí se analizan fueron encontradas en el valle del río San Juan y están emplazadas en las quebradas del norte de la sierra de Pie de Palo, a los 31° 20' S y a 68° 10' O, departamento de Angaco, de la provincia de San Juan, Argentina. La aproximación desc [...] riptiva, generalmente ignorada, de la obra como materialidad y desde sus operaciones mínimas, posibilitan reflexionar sobre ella y derivar de allí categorías estético-formales que permiten una ampliación del campo de conocimiento del arte rupestre y de quienes lo produjeron. Se abordarán la espacialidad de la obra en su emplazamiento como espacio arquitectónico y la temporalidad en el acontecer y durar de las imágenes. Abstract in english The Rock Art works (petrogliphs) that are analized here, found in the San Juan valley river, are emplaced at the north canyons of the Pie de Palo mountain range, at S 31º20' and W 68º10', in Angaco, San Juan, Argentina. The descriptive approach, usually ignored, of the work as materiality, and from [...] it's minimal operations make possible to think about it, and to extract aesthetic-formal categories and allow an ampliation of the rock art knowledge field, and of who produced it. The work spaciality will be viewed here at their emplacement as an architectural space, and time in the happen and last of the images

  14. 78 FR 18789 - Establishment of the San Juan Islands National Monument

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-28

    ...San Juan Islands in the late 18th century, and many of their names for the...early explorers led the way for 19th century European and American traders and...which remain today. In the late 19th century, the Federal Government...

  15. Fé antropológica como ponte entre fé e ideología em Juan Luis Segundo

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alvori, Ahlert.

    Full Text Available Este texto busca a compreensão da ideología em sua relação com a fé na teologia latinoamericana a partir da concepção de fé antropológica na obra de Juan Luis Segundo. Acreditamos que a questão da ideología, e sua relação com a fé, continua sendo urna questão atual no pensamento cristão, face aos ve [...] lhos e novos problemas humanos que o novo sáculo vem apresentando. Concentramos nossa análise nos escritos de Juan Luis Segundo, um dos principáis representantes dessa teologia, por ser este teólogo que, ao nosso ver, mais trabalhou, de forma explícita, a questão da ideología e sua relação com a fé no contexto latinoamericano Abstract in english This text searchs the understanding of the ideology in its relation with the faith in the Latin American theology from the conception of antropology faith in the workmanship of Juan Luis Segundo. We believe that the question of the ideology, and its relation with the faith, continue being a current [...] question in the Christian thought, face to the old and new human problems that the new century comes presenting. We concentrate our analysis on the writings of Juan Luis Segundo, one of the main representatives of this theology, for being this theologian who, to ours to see, more worked, of explicit form, the question of the ideology and its relation with the faith in the Latin American context

  16. Fé antropológica como ponte entre fé e ideología em Juan Luis Segundo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvori Ahlert

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Este texto busca a compreensão da ideología em sua relação com a fé na teologia latinoamericana a partir da concepção de fé antropológica na obra de Juan Luis Segundo. Acreditamos que a questão da ideología, e sua relação com a fé, continua sendo urna questão atual no pensamento cristão, face aos velhos e novos problemas humanos que o novo sáculo vem apresentando. Concentramos nossa análise nos escritos de Juan Luis Segundo, um dos principáis representantes dessa teologia, por ser este teólogo que, ao nosso ver, mais trabalhou, de forma explícita, a questão da ideología e sua relação com a fé no contexto latinoamericanoThis text searchs the understanding of the ideology in its relation with the faith in the Latin American theology from the conception of antropology faith in the workmanship of Juan Luis Segundo. We believe that the question of the ideology, and its relation with the faith, continue being a current question in the Christian thought, face to the old and new human problems that the new century comes presenting. We concentrate our analysis on the writings of Juan Luis Segundo, one of the main representatives of this theology, for being this theologian who, to ours to see, more worked, of explicit form, the question of the ideology and its relation with the faith in the Latin American context

  17. ARTE RUPESTRE DE SAN JUAN: PETROGLIFOS DE ANGACO (OBRA ABIERTA EN EL ESPACIO Y EL TIEMPO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana del Valle Varela

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Las obras de arte rupestre (petroglifos que aquí se analizan fueron encontradas en el valle del río San Juan y están emplazadas en las quebradas del norte de la sierra de Pie de Palo, a los 31° 20' S y a 68° 10' O, departamento de Angaco, de la provincia de San Juan, Argentina. La aproximación descriptiva, generalmente ignorada, de la obra como materialidad y desde sus operaciones mínimas, posibilitan reflexionar sobre ella y derivar de allí categorías estético-formales que permiten una ampliación del campo de conocimiento del arte rupestre y de quienes lo produjeron. Se abordarán la espacialidad de la obra en su emplazamiento como espacio arquitectónico y la temporalidad en el acontecer y durar de las imágenes.The Rock Art works (petrogliphs that are analized here, found in the San Juan valley river, are emplaced at the north canyons of the Pie de Palo mountain range, at S 31º20' and W 68º10', in Angaco, San Juan, Argentina. The descriptive approach, usually ignored, of the work as materiality, and from it's minimal operations make possible to think about it, and to extract aesthetic-formal categories and allow an ampliation of the rock art knowledge field, and of who produced it. The work spaciality will be viewed here at their emplacement as an architectural space, and time in the happen and last of the images

  18. La música de Juan Luis Guerra y el grupo 4:40. Expresión cultural y poética

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julieta Haidar

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available Coments about the musical composition of Juan Luis Guerra and the 4:40 group. Music based in daily methaphors about love and social problems in general. Here is exposed a wide linguistic analysis where, authoress Haidar reflects about the poetic richness and gramatical construction that the works, the songs of this composer have, specially his last works.

  19. El mayor laboratorio en física del mundo Juan Antonio Rubio, candidato a dirigir el CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    The spanish Government presented last Friday at the CERN Council Juan Antonio Rubio, as candidate for the post of Director General of CERN. It's the first time that the spanish Government proposes a candidate for the Direction of this international research center. (2/3 page)

  20. Chemical composition and water quality of the Castaño river, Calingasta, San Juan province, Argentina / Composición química y calidad del agua del río Castaño. Calingasta, San Juan, Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    María Alejandra, Pittaluga; Graciela Mabel, Suvires.

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available La provincia de San Juan, ubicada en el sector árido del centro-oeste de la República Argentina, es irrigada por dos sistemas fluviales importantes como son, los ríos Jáchal y San Juan. El río Castaño, objeto de este estudio, es uno de los principales tributarios del río San Juan que atraviesa el ár [...] ea minera de Castaño Viejo conocida desde 1863, pero explotada intensamente en el período1956-1964. En el presente trabajo, se definen algunas características hidroquímicas de este sistema hidrográfico, vinculadas a las actividades mineras enunciadas. El desarrollo deltrabajo consistió en un muestreo sistemático del agua del río Castaño para conocer particularmente los niveles de concentración de metales pesados, como cadmio, cinc, cobre, cromo, plomo y aluminio, y determinar su incidencia en la composición y calidad del agua.También se determinaron en laboratorio y campo parámetros tales como: pH, conductividad eléctrica y sólidos disueltos en el agua. Los resultados obtenidos indican que algunos parámetros químicos del agua de río, están vinculados a las variaciones de caudales provocadas por las diferentes estaciones del año y por el régimen de alimentación nival del río Castaño. El agua de este sistema hidrogr áfico no presenta sustancias tóxicas en niveles de contaminación y algunos de los tenores más altos de elementos pesados estarían relacionados con las áreas de afloramientos mineralizados por donde drena el río. Se concluye entonces, que la calidad de este recurso hídrico andino no ha sido afectada por la explotación minera realizada. Abstract in english The province of San Juan, in arid centralwest Argentina, is irrigated by two fluvial systems: the Jachal and San Juan River basins. The Castaño River is one of the two main tributaries to the latter. It crosses the Castaño Viejo mining district, which was a producer of lead, zinc and copper. To inve [...] stigate the water quality and the possible hydrochemical variations given rise by the mining activity, a sampling net was devised along the river course for determining concentrations of calcium, magnesium, sodium, carbonates, bicarbonates, sulphates, cadmium, copper, chrome, lead, zinc, aluminium, pH, dissolved solids and electric conductivity. The results obtained indicate that some chemical parameter of the river water vary in the different seasons of the year. The salinity, dissolved oxygen and biochemical demand of oxygen were found to be low, no toxic substances were detected in significant amounts, and the water quality has not been affected by the mining activity.

  1. Trabalho e bem-estar na polícia da Nigéria a partir dos anos 1980: foco nas divisões de polícia de Jos / Work and welfare in the Nigeria police since the 1980s: focus on Jos police divisions

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Adoyi, Onoja.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A polícia é uma metáfora para a crise sistêmica enfrentada pela Nigéria, especialmente desde o início da década de 1980. A crise foi anunciada pelo colapso econômico ocasionado pela má gestão e corrupção na indústria do petróleo. A intervenção do Fundo Monetário Internacional exigiu cortes em vários [...] setores, inclusive no de segurança. Ironicamente, este foi também o período em que a necessidade de intervenção do setor de segurança foi mais urgente. Aliado ao tipo de governança - com regras militares -, a polícia foi imensamente negligenciada como a principal força para a defesa da lei e o controle da crise. As condições de trabalho e de bem estar, determinantes fundamentais da produtividade, deterioraram-se junto com a expectativa crescente dos nigerianos em relação à polícia em meio à criminalidade crescente e ao colapso da ordem. Por meio de entrevistas, observações e anedotas, contadas principalmente pelos funcionários trabalhando em Jos, este artigo examina as condições de trabalho e de bem estar da polícia. Ele argumenta que a piora das condições de trabalho da polícia ocorre em função do declínio econômico, da corrupção e da preferência por um tipo de regime. Conclui-se apelando pela melhora das condições de trabalho e de bem estar como peças fundamentais para o bom desempenho da polícia. Abstract in english Police is a metaphor for the systemic crisis confronting Nigeria especially since the early 1980s. The crisis was heralded by economic collapse occasioned by mismanagement and corruption in the oil industry. The intervention of the International Monetary Fund necessitated cuts in several sectors inc [...] luding security. Ironically, it was also the period when the need for the intervention of the security sector was most pressing. Allied with the governance type - military rule - the police as the first line of defense in law and order crisis suffered immense neglect. Work and welfare conditions, key determinants of productivity, deteriorated as the expectation of Nigerians of the police heightened amidst growing crime and breakdown of order. Using interviews, observations and anecdotes particularly in Jos from serving personnel, the paper examines work and welfare conditions of the police. It argues that the worsening working conditions of the police is a function of economic decline, corruption and regime type preference. It concludes by calling for improve working and welfare condition as cornerstone for police performance.

  2. Delamaran trilobites from the La Laja Formation, San Juan, Argentina / Trilobites delamarianos de la Formación La Laja, San Juan, Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rodolfo D., Foglia; N. Emilio, Vaccari.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available La Formación La Laja aflora de forma prácticamente ininterrumpida a lo largo del margen occidental de las sierras Chica de Zonda y Villicum, San Juan, Argentina. Sus calizas son portadoras de una importante fauna de trilo-bites cámbricos. En este trabajo se describe y analiza la trilobitofauna del D [...] elamariano de la Formación La Laja, ubicada entre los últimos metros del Miembro El Estero y el tercio inferior del Miembro Soldano. Se determinaron las biozonas de Poliella denticulata, Mexicella mexicana? y Glossopleura walcotti, las que en trabajos recientes han sido incluidas en un hiato faunístico. Los taxones determinados en este trabajo son: Glossopleura walcotti Poulsen, Glossopleura lodensis (Clark), Fieldaspis sp. y Prozacanthoides zondaensis n. sp. Se realizaron correlaciones entre los niveles de la Formación La Laja y olistolitos de Precordillera Occidental. También se correlacionaron los niveles de Precordillera con otros en diferentes localidades de Laurentia. Los géneros documentados en este trabajo para el Delamariano de la Formación La Laja son característicos y restringidos a Laurentia. El análisis de toda la fauna de la Formacion La Laja, apoya el modelo alóctono para el origen de Precordillera. Abstract in english The La Laja Formation lies exposed almost continuously along the western margin of two hill ranges, i.e., the Sierra Chica de Zonda and Sierra de Villicum. This limestone unit bears a remarkable fauna of Cambrian trilobites. In this work we analyse the Delamaran trilobite fauna from the upper part o [...] f the El Estero Member and the lower third of the Soldano Member of the La Laja Formation. Taxa described are Glossopleura walcotti Poulsen, Glossopleura lodensis (Clark), Fieldaspis sp., and Prozacanthoides zondaensis n. sp. The Poliella denticulata, Mexicella mexicana?, and Glossopleura walcotti Zones are documented; these had been previously included in a hiatus. Trilobites-based correlations are established between the La Laja Formation and olistoliths of the Western Precordillera. Additional correlations are also suggested between the Precordillera and different localities in Laurentia. Finally, we discuss the biogeographic implications of the described material. Delamaran taxa reported from the La Laja Formation are characteristic and so far restricted to Laurentia. Analysis of the trilobite fauna from this unit supports the allochtonous origin of the Precordillera.

  3. Digital Geologic Map of San Juan Island National Historical Park and vicinity, Washington (NPS, GRD, GRE, SAJH, SAJH digital map)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — The Digital Geologic Map of San Juan Island National Historical Park and vicinity, Washington is composed of GIS data layers complete with ArcMap 9.2 layer (.LYR)...

  4. Introducción de Rana catesbeiana Shaw (rana toro, en ambientes pre -cordilleranos de la provincia de San Juan, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo A. Sanabria

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Se informa la presencia de Rana catesbeiana (Rana Toro (Anura:Ranidae introducida en ambientes precordilleranos del Departamento Calingasta, San Juan, Argentina. Se discuten posibles efectos del impacto producido por la introducción de este anuro exótico.

  5. 2009 Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium (PSLC) Topographic LiDAR: San Juan County and Lummi Island, Washington

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The dataset encompasses portions of San Juan and Whatcom counties in northwest Washington. The surveyed area is approximately 222 square miles. The LAS V1.1 files...

  6. Symbola /Diuina and Humana/... Kat. ?. VI/1. - Juan de Borja, Empresas Morales. Kat. ?. VI/2. - Theatrum morum. Kat. ?. VI/3.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kone?ný, Lubomír

    Praha : Národní galerie, 2012 - (Volrábová, A.; Kubíková, B.), s. 124-129 ISBN 978-80-7035-515-2 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : Rudolf II * Juan de Borja * Ottavio Strada * Egidius Sadeler Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  7. Data points (drill locations) used to assess coal resources in the San Juan Basin, CO and NM (sjbptsg)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This is a shapefile and coverage of data points used in the assessment of coal resources of the Fruitland Formation in the San Juan Basin, Colorado and New Mexico....

  8. Las Pinturas Negras de Goya y la Quinta del Sordo. Precisiones sobre las teorías de Juan José Junquera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glendinning, Nigel

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available In 2003, three publications of Juan José Junquera cast doubt on the authenticity of Goya's Black Paintings. The present article disputes the validity of Professor Junquera's conclusions and re-examines the relevant documents in detail.

    En 2003, tres publicaciones de Juan José Junquera pusieron en tela de juicio la paternidad de las Pinturas Negras de Goya. El presente artículo cuestiona las conclusiones del profesor Junquera, examinando con detalle la base documental de sus teorías.

  9. Turismo rural ? comunalidad: impactos socioterritoriales en San Juan Atzingo, México / Tourisme rural et communalité: les impacts socio-territoriaux à San Juan Atzingo, Mexique / Rural Tourism and Commonality: Socio-territorial Impacts in San Juan Atzingo, Mexico

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carlos, Pérez-Ramírez; Lilia, Zizumbo-Villarreal.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El desarrollo del turismo rural en San Juan Atzingo, estado de México, ha sido impulsado por parte de diversos organismos internacionales, dependencias del Gobierno Federal, empresas del sector privado e incluso algunas organizaciones de la sociedad civil. No obstante, la actividad no se ha consolid [...] ado ? está generando resultados contradictorios sobre los componentes que determinan el modo de vida ? producción campesina. El trabajo identifica los impactos socioterritoriales del proyecto Ecoturismo Comunitario Tlahuica (ECT), ? utiliza la propuesta de la comunalidad como marco metodológico para el análisis de las implicaciones sobre el territorio, los recursos, el debilitamiento de las estructuras organizativas, la dinámica del trabajo, reciprocidad, e incluso la transformación de los elementos culturales propios. Abstract in english The development of rural tourism in San Juan Atzingo, state of Mexico, has been promoted b? diverse international organizations, federal government agencies, private sector companies and even some civil society organizations. However, the activit? has not been established and it is generating contra [...] dictor results on the components that determine the peasants' lifestyle and production. The paper identifies the socio-territorial impacts of the project Tlahuica Community-based Ecotourism (ECT), and it uses the commonalit? proposal as a methodological framework for analyzing the implications for the territory the resources, the weakening of the organizational structures, the d?namics of labor, reciprocity and even the transformation of typical cultural elements.

  10. Upper Cretaceous - lowermost Miocene lithostratigraphic units exposed in Alba Iulia-Sebes-Vintu de Jos area (SW Transylvanian Basin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vlad Codrea

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available A main area where several Uppermost Cretaceous-Lower Cenozoic formations are exposed in the SW Transylvanian Depression is the region outlined by the localities Alba Iulia, Sebe?, Vin?u de Jos (Alba district. In Maastrichtian, continental formations belonging to the post-Laramian cover began their deposition. In Early Cenozoic, the dominance of continental formations continued, but some short marine transgress events occur too, with specific marine and brackish deposits interbedded into the continental successions. Some new lithostratigraphic units are proposed: Vurp?r (Maastrichtian, ?ard (Maastrichtian-Late Eocene, B?r?ban? (Oligocene and Sântimbru (Aquitanian formations. Ighiu Fm. (Late Eocene-Early Oligocene is also reinterpreted. This region is an outstanding one for the fossil vertebrate heritage too due to the Uppermost Cretaceous (Maastrichtian dinosaur fauna discovered into Vurp?r and ?ard formations, very similar with the famous faunas described by Nopcsa from Ha?eg Basin. The autochthony of these fossils is obvious. In this context, some corrections should be done on several older geological maps, where these deposits correspond to erroneous geological ages.

  11. Juan Bautista Juanini: análisis químico de la contaminación del aire en Madrid (1679) / Juan Bautista Juanini: Chemical analysis of the air pollution in Madrid (1679)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José María, López Piñero.

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Primera de una serie de notas sobre clásicos de la salud pública en España. Se refiere al médico de origen milanés Juan Bautista Juanini, autor en 1679 del libro Discurso, dedicado al análisis químico de la contaminación del aire en Madrid, y que fue traducido al francés en 1685. Juan fue un seguido [...] r del sistema iatroquímico. Su obra no se redujo, sin embargo, a la reproducción servil de las doctrinas de Thomas Willis y de François de le Boe (Sylvius). Incorporó diferentes novedades, la más importante de las cuales fue la teoría del «espíritu nitroaéreo» de John Mayow, formulación antecesora del descubrimiento del oxígeno, de la que fue uno de los primeros defensores europeos. Juanini contribuyó decisivamente a la renovación científica de la medicina española. Su Discurso fue el primer libro médico plenamente «moderno» que se publicó en nuestro país. Muchas de las características del movimiento Novator, iniciado ocho años después, se encuentran en él esbozadas. Abstract in english The first in a series of highlights from public health classics in Spain features the Milanese-born physician Juan Bautista Juanini, who authored the book Discurso in 1679 on the chemical analysis of the air pollution in Madrid, which was translated into French in 1685. Juanini was a follower of the [...] yatrochemical system, although his work was not however confined to subserviently copying the doctrines of Thomas Willis and François de le Boe (Sylvius). He incorporated different new aspects, the most important of which having been John Mayow's theory of the «spiritus nitro-aeriens»', a formulation predating the discovery of oxygen, of which he was one of the staunchest defenders in Europe. Juanini contributed decisively to the scientific renewal of Spanish medicine. His Discurso was the first totally «modern» medical book published in our country, many aspects of the Novator (Innovator) Movement initiated eight years later having first been outlined therein.

  12. Ästhetisches Bild und Christliche Mystik im Cántico espiritual des San Juans de la Cruz

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kluge, Sofie

    2003-01-01

      In diesem Zusammenhang werde ich, von dem Cántico espiritual des San Juans de la Cruz (1577) ausgehend und zentrale rezeptionsgeschichtliche Probleme einbeziehend, den mystischen Bildbegriff untersuchen. Auf der einen Seite bildet San Juans selbstständige Interpretation des biblischen Hoheliedes mit ihrem farbigen Bilderreichtum einen ausgezeichneten Ausgangspunkt für die Diskussion des komplizierten Verhältnisses zwischen dem Profanen und dem Heiligen, das sich in dem grundlegenden Schisma der San Juan-Rezeption spiegelt; auf der anderen Seite ist das Problem der Funktion des ästhetischen Bildes im Fall Cántico besonders aktuell, weil San Juan sich bewußt in eine lange christliche Tradition, Hohelied-Auslegung mit bildtheoretischer Diskussion zu verbinden, einschreibt. Eine Untersuchung der Anatomie und Funktion des ästhetischen Bildes in der mystichen Dichtung des San Juans de la Cruz macht somit den übergeordneten Rahmen meiner Interpretation und Diskussion des Cántico espiritual mit dazugehörigen Prosakommentaren aus. Weil der Cántico espiritual als mysticher Text behauptet, er beschreibt eine paranormale Erfahrung (die unio mystica als intenses Gotteserlebnis), ist es relevant, die literarische Repräsentation genauer zu untersuchen und u.a. einzuschätzen, ob man die mystische Liebesdichtung des San Juans notwendigerweise im Rahmen einer Symbolästhetik verstehen muß, so wie die Majorität der profanen Interpreten behauptet. Der mystiche Text treibt irgendwie die Frage der Repräsentation auf die Spitze, und fordert eine Reflexion der Bild- oder Repräsentationsproblematik, die meiner Meinung nach ganz zentral für das Verständnis des komplizierten Verhältnisses zwischen dem Profanen und dem Heiligen als thematischen Problems und der Emblem-artigen Dualität von Bild und Schrift als formalen Problems ist.

  13. Paleoenvironmental interpretation using fossil record: San Juan Raya Formation, Zapotitlán basin, Puebla, Mexico / Interpretación paleoambiental empleando el registro fósil: Formación San Juan Raya, cuenca de Zapotitlán, Puebla, México

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Claudia Inés, Serrano-Brañas; Elena, Centeno-García.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available La Formación San Juan Raya es mundialmente reconocida debido a su alta diversidad y abundancia fosilífera. En este estudio se reconocieron e interpretaron nueve biofacies y tres icnofacies tomando como base la influencia de diversos factores como los cambios relativos en el nivel del mar, la tasa de [...] sedimentación, la salinidad del agua y la consistencia del substrato. Entre estos factores, al parecer las variaciones en la salinidad del agua fueron muy importantes en el desarrollo y remplazo de las asociaciones de organismos. La mayor parte de los organismos que conformaron las distintas biofacies e icnofacies, habitaron en ambientes de zona de rompiente y de plataforma interna. El objetivo de este trabajo es el de proveer una reconstrucción de las diferentes comunidades bentónicas y de los ambientes de depósito de un sector de la Formación San Juan Raya durante el Cretácico Temprano. Los resultados indican que el modelo paleoambiental del área de estudio corresponde a un sistema clástico marino somero dominado por tormentas. Finalmente, a lo largo de los 765.5 m de la columna estratigráfica compuesta, se identificaron nueve ciclos transgresivos-regresivos, en los cuales las etapas de somerización se encuentran en los niveles de 200 y 500 m, mientras que las condiciones de mayor profundidad están ubicadas en los 300, 400 y 765.5 m respectivamente. Abstract in english The San Juan Raya Formation is world-wide recognized because of the high diversity and abundance of fossils. In this study nine biofacies, three ichnofacies and ten lithofacies were recognized and interpreted on the basis of the influence of several environmental factors such as water depth change, [...] sedimentation rate, water salinity and substrate consistency. Among these factors, salinity variations were apparently crucial for developing and replacement of the different biofacies. Most of biofacies and ichnofacies inhabited in subtidal, shoreface and inner shelf zones. The aim of this investigation is to provide a comprehensive reconstruction of the different faunal benthonic assemblages and paleoenvironments in a sector of the San Juan Raya Formation during Early Cretaceous time. The results indicate that the paleoenvironmental model for the study area corresponds to a shallow marine, open-coast, storm-dominated clastic system, characterized by several variations in subenvironments, from foreshore to offshore. Along a measured composite column of about 765.5 m in length, nine cycles of transgression-regression were identified, with the shallowest stage at the 200 and 500 m levels and the deepest conditions at 300, 400 and 765.5 m in the column.

  14. Neotectónica de la provincia de San Juan, centro-oeste de Argentina / Neotectonics in the San Juan province, central-western Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Laura P., Perucca; Nicolás, Vargas.

    Full Text Available La provincia de San Juan, en el centro-oeste de Argentina, posee numerosas evidencias de fallas con actividad tectónica cuaternaria. Las discontinuidades estructurales a lo largo de Cordillera Frontal, Precordillera y Sierras Pampeanas, determinan las diferentes características superficiales de las [...] deformaciones cuaternarias, que a la vez producen distintos escenarios paleosísmicos. La mayor parte de estas deformaciones y estructuras sismogénicas, actualmente conocidas en el territorio argentino, se ubican dentro de un cinturón sísmico definido entre Cordillera Frontal y Sierras Pampeanas Occidentales (27º ? 33º de latitud sur). Esta región también constituye un área con interacciones complejas entre estilos estructurales de piel fina y gruesa. Los sismos más destructivos en los últimos 120 años (M 7.5, en octubre de 1894; M 7.0, en enero de 1944; 6.8, en junio de 1952; y M 7.4 en noviembre de 1977) se han ubicado en esta zona. En este trabajo se presenta una síntesis del estado del conocimiento neotectónico de la provincia de San Juan, con los resultados de los últimos estudios sobre fallas con actividad tectónica cuaternaria en la región. Abstract in english San Juan province in central-western Argentina shows evidence of active faulting affecting Quaternary sediments. The structural discontinuities along the Frontal Cordillera, Precordillera and Sierras Pampeanas foothills determine the different superficial characteristics of the Quaternary deformatio [...] ns, which in turn produce different paleoseismic scenarios. Most the Quaternary deformations and seismogenic structures currently known in Argentina are located within a seismic belt including the Precordillera and the Western Pampean Ranges (27º ? 33º south latitude). This area also constitutes a setting with complex interactions between thin-skinned and thick-skinned structural styles. The most destructive earthquakes of the last 120 years (M 7.5, October 1894; M 7.0, January 1944; 6.8, June 1952; and M 7.4, November 1977) were located in this region. This paper presents an overview of the state of knowledge on the neotectonics of the San Juan province, with the results from recent studies on faults with Quaternary tectonic activity in the region.

  15. Feria Exposición Agrícola y Pecuaria de San Juan de los Remedios (1857. Cuba - (Agricultural and Cattle Fair Exhibition of San Juan de los Remedios (1857. Cuba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rojas Lleonart, Isaias

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEn una moción presentada en el cabildo de San Juan de los Remedios porD. Francisco Javier Balmaseda y Jullien dirigida al Capitán General de la Isla de Cuba en febrero de 1857, se solicitaba la autorización para celebrar una Feria Exposición Agrícola y Pecuaria en fecha que coincidiera con la del santo patrono de la villa, San Juan Bautista. La primera de estas ferias se celebró en ese año siguiéndole seis eventos más, excepto en el año 1861. En el presente artículo se dan a conocer los aspectos más importantes de su reglamento, que por sus características técnicas, lo consideramos muy avanzado para la época. Los premios así como lo premiado, representan un abanico del universo pecuario anteponiéndose a la necesidad de la utilización de las materias primas locales que sustituyeran a las importadas. Las medallas otorgadas a los premiados jugaron un papel fundamental en la historia local, pues en éstas aparecía el escudo originariode la villa, las que encontradas por el historiador José A. Martínez-Fortún y Foyo fundamentaron que hoy día sea el que pueda ostentar la ciudad. Inferimos que estas celebraciones jugaron un doble papel en la vida remediana: impulsaron el desarrollo ganadero y agrícola local y permitieron que Remedios fuera más conocido en el resto del país.SummaryIn a motion presented in the town council of San Juan de los Remedios by D. Francisco Javier Balmaseda y Jullien addressed to the General Captain of the Island of Cuba in February of 1857, the authorization was requested to celebrate an Agricultural and Cattle Fair Exhibition in a date to coincide with that of the patron saint of the village, Saint Juan Bautista. The first of these fairs took place in that year following six more events, except in the year 1861. In the present article are given to know the most important aspects of its regulation that for its technical characteristics, we considerate to be very advanced for that time. The prizes as well as that rewarded, represent the cattle universe, being prefixed to the necessity of the use of the local raw matters that substitute those cared. The medals granted to the winners played a fundamental role in the local history, because in these the shield native of the village appeared, those that were found by the historian José A. Martínez-Fortún y Foyo based that nowadays it is the one that can show the city. We infer that these celebrations played a double role in the villagelife: they impelled the local cattle and agricultural development, andallowed that Remedios was well known in the rest of the country.

  16. El agroecoturismo en San Juan Tezontla, Texcoco, Estado de México / Agro-ecotourism in San Juan Tezontla, Texcoco, State of Mexico

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Angélica, Piñera Barajas; Tomás, Martínez Saldaña.

    1279-12-01

    Full Text Available El agroecoturismo es una opción alternativa de turismo para la generación de ingresos económicos y empleos permanentes. Además al ser turismo alternativo sostenible, colabora en la preservación de las especies protegiendo al ambiente y sus recursos naturales. La presente investigación documental inc [...] luye revisión bibliográfica de diversos materiales. El trabajo de campo se efectuó en 2008. La elección de la muestra, 15 productores en la comunidad de San Juan Tezontla, y 1 productor de la comunidad de Santa Inés (Estado de México, ambas comunidades) trabajan este rubro. Se efectuó un censo con estos productores aplicando una encuesta cuyo instrumento de recolección de la información es un cuestionario. Sus variables son los ingresos económicos con y sin la actividad del huerto, los costos de manutención del huerto, la tenencia y superficie de la tierra y los principales cultivos de los encuestados. Entre los principales resultados obtenidos destaca que el agroecoturismo es realmente una opción viable para la generación de ingresos a los productores pero se necesitan los servicios e infraestructura adecuados para la atención a turistas, así como el fomento y difusión de esta actividad. El principal objetivo de esta investigación fue analizar el agroecoturismo como una opción viable para generar ingresos económicos en la comunidad de San Juan Tezontla. Abstract in english The agro-ecotourism is an alternative tourism for generating income and permanent jobs. It is considered a sustainable alternative of tourism, contributing to the preservation of species by protecting the environment and natural resources. This paper includes literature review of various materials. [...] Fieldwork was conducted in 2008. The choice of the sample, 15 farmers in the community of San Juan Tezontla, and one producer in the community of St. Inés (State of Mexico, both communities) that work in this area. We conducted a census performed with these producers using a survey instrument, which data collection is a questionnaire. Its variables are income with and without the activity of the orchard, the maintenance costs, tenure and land surface and the main crops of the respondents. Among the main results, agroecotourism highlights that really a viable option for generating income to producers, but require adequate infrastructure and services for the care of tourists as well as the promotion and expansion of this activity. The main objective of this research was to analyze the agro-ecotourism as a viable option for generating income in the community of San Juan Tezontla.

  17. Visit of His Excellency Mr Juan Martabit, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Chile to the United Nations Office in Geneva and other international organisations in Switzerland.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2005-01-01

    Secretary-General; Mrs Juan Martabit. 0502017_07.jpg His Excellency Mr Juan Martabit, Ambassador,Permanent Representative of Chile to the United Nations Office in Geneva and other international organisations in Switzerland visiting the ATLAS building site. From left to right: Prof. Giora Mikenberg, ATLAS Collaboration; Mr Maximilian Metzger, Secretary-General and His Excellency Mr Juan Martabit. 0502017_08.jpg His Excellency Mr Juan Martabit, Ambassador,Permanent Representative of Chile to the United Nations Office in Geneva and other international organisations in Switzerland visiting the ATLAS cavern. From left to right: From left to right: Prof. Giora Mikenberg, ATLAS Collaboration; Mr Maximilian Metzger, Secretary-General; His Excellency Mr Juan Martabit and Mrs Juan Martabit.

  18. Juan José Heydeck, un alemán en la corte de Carlos IV: experimentos contra la viruela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramírez Martín, Susana María

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available First years of the XIX century, Juan José Heydeck proposes the realization of the experiments with the pus of the goats instead of the pus of the cows, for combat the smallpox. This experiments require more childrens, where to be verified them. In Spain, the pus of the goats will be the one alternative to the pus of the cows. In this country is dificult fall in with the pus of the cows. This iniciative haven´t the hope results.

    En los primeros años del siglo XIX, Juan José Heydeck propone la realización de unos experimentos con el pus de cabras en lugar del pus de vacas, para luchar contra las viruelas naturales. Estos experimentos requerían un número indeterminado de niños donde verificarlos. En España, el pus de cabras sería una alternativa al pus de vaca. En estos territorios era difícil encontrar el pus de vacas. Esta iniciativa del pus hircino no tuvo el éxito esperado.

  19. Manuel San Juan de Santa Cruz: gobernador, latifundista y capitán de guerra de la frontera norte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvarez, Salvador

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available By analysing the personal papers of a powerful landowner and man-at-arms, and by examining how a large estate operated (in this case, Manuel de San Juan de Santa Cruz and the Encinillas estate, we see how the formation of these great land dominions cannot be explained only as a product of the «need for prestige» or as a simple «inclination» towards an «aristocratic way of life» on the part of their owners.

    Por medio del análisis de los papeles personales de un poderoso hacendado y hombre de armas, combinado con el estudio del funcionamiento de un gran latifundio, en este caso, Manuel de San Juan de Santa Cruz y la hacienda de Encinillas, vemos cómo la conformación de estos grandes dominios territoriales no puede explicarse solamente como producto de la «necesidad de prestigio» o de una simple «inclinación» hacia un «modo de vida aristocrático» por parte de sus propietarios.

  20. Disputa fronteriza y valor geoestratégico del río San Juan: Nicaragua y Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marvin E. Quesada Q.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Nicaragua y Costa Rica en varias ocasiones han sostenido disputas fronterizas. Esto se debe a que gran parte de la línea divisoria entre los dos países la constituye el río San Juan, lo que ha provocado una serie de controversias relacionadas con el cauce del río y algunas zonas aledañas. En el 2010 el conflicto se reactiva debido a que Nicaragua construyó un canal en una isla perteneciente a Costa Rica. Cada país valora geoestratégicamente de manera distinta el río San Juan; para los nicaragüenses, es un símbolo de gran esperanza para su desarrollo, en tanto que para los costarricenses, es un punto de interés para preservar los humedales, áreas consideradas de fragilidad ambiental.

  1. Mangrove Plantation as a Tourist Attraction in San Juan Batangas, Philippines

    OpenAIRE

    Sarah Jane M. Miranda; Joy O. Reyes; Anne Tan; Letlet C. Villanueva; Sarah Mae F. Zara; Amada G. Banaag; Renato Rosales

    2013-01-01

    This study about the Mangrove Plantation in San Juan, Batangas, Philippines aimed to identify the potential of mangrove plantation as a tourist attraction; to describe the status of mangroves, the programs offered by the government; to determine the level of support given by the government; to determine the benefits of the mangroves; and to propose an action plan that will develop the mangrove plantation as a tourist attraction. The study used descriptive method in order to determine the need...

  2. Eating in a Home for Children. Food Resistance in the Residence Juan de Lanuza

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Cantarero

    2001-01-01

    The basic needs of the children of the Residence Juan de Lanuza (Zaragoza, Spain) are covered by the daily amount of food they are provided with at meals. However, the tasks of the professionals who work in this Home are not restricted to feeding. One of the educational goals is to teach children socially adapted food habits, which are considered essential for the young persons’ “culturisation”. Food socialization has its roots in the ideology of the educating staff. The disciplinary sy...

  3. The paradigm of paraglacial megafans of the San Juan river basin, Central Andes, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suvires, Graciela M.

    2014-11-01

    The spatial distribution and several morphometric characteristics of the Quaternary alluvial fans of the San Juan River, in the province of San Juan, at the Central and Western part of Argentina, have been studied to classify them as paraglacial megafans, as well to ratify its depositional environmental conditions. The high sedimentary load exported by San Juan river from the Central Andes to the foreland depressions is estimated about 3,682,200 hm3. The large alluvial fans of Ullum-Zonda and Tulum valleys were deposited into deep tectonic depressions, during the Upper Pleistocene deglaciation stages. The outcome of collecting remotely sensed data, map and DEM data, geophysical data and much fieldwork gave access to morphometric, morphographic and morphogenetic data of these alluvial fans. The main drainage network was mapped on processed images using QGis (vers.2.0.1). Several fan morphometric parameters were measured, such as the size, the shape, the thickness, the surface areas and the sedimentary volume of exported load. The analyzed fans were accumulated in deep tectonic depressions, where the alluvium fill reaches 700 to 1200 m thick. Such fans do not reach the large size that other world megafans have, and this is due to tectonic obstacles, although the sedimentary fill average volume surpasses 514,000 hm3. The author proposes to consider Ullum-Zonda and Tulum alluvial fans as paraglacial megafans. According to the stratigraphic relationships of the tropical South American Rivers, the author considers that the San Juan paraglacial megafans would have occurred in the period before 24 ka BP , possibly corresponding to Middle Pleniglacial (ca 65-24ka BP). They record colder and more humid conditions compared with the present arid and dry conditions.

  4. Vacuolate-attached filaments: highly productive Ridgeia piscesae epibionts at the Juan de Fuca hydrothermal vents

    OpenAIRE

    Kalanetra, Karen M.; Nelson, Douglas C.

    2009-01-01

    Vacuolate sulfur bacteria with high morphological similarity to vacuolate-attached filaments previously described from shallow hydrothermal vents (White Point, CA) were found at deep-sea hydrothermal vents. These filamentous bacteria grow in dense mats that cover surfaces and potentially provide a significant source of organic carbon where they occur. Vacuolate-attached filaments were collected near vents at the Clam Bed site of the Endeavour Segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge and from the sed...

  5. ENTEROPARASITOSIS EN HOSPITAL"SAN JUAN DE DIOS", ILLAPEL, CHILE. 1995

    OpenAIRE

    Shu Hsing Chen; Angela Garcia; Marisa Torres

    1998-01-01

    RESUMEN Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de los resultados de 712 exámenes coproparasitológicos a los que se les había efectuado por el método de Burrows en el Hospital "San Juan de Dios", Illapel IV° Región, Chile, durante 1995. Los resultados fueron separados por edad, sexo, estación del año, ruralidad y especie. Al analizar los resultados se encontró que el 39,4% de los exámenes estaban infectados ya sea por enteroparásitos patógenos o comensales. No hubo diferencias den lo...

  6. Endeavour Segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge: One of the Most Remarkable Places on Earth

    OpenAIRE

    Kelley, Deborah S; Suzanne M. Carbotte; David W. Caress; Clague, David A.; Delaney, John R.; Gill, James B.; Hunter Hadaway; Holden, James F.; Emilie E.E. Hooft; Jonathan P. Kellogg; Marvin D. Lilley; Mark Stoermer; Doug Toomey; Robert Weekly; William S.D. Wilcock

    2012-01-01

    Endeavour Segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge is one of three Integrated Study Sites for the Ridge 2000 Program. It is a remarkable, dynamic environment hosting five major hydrothermal fields, numerous smaller fields, and myriad diffuse-flow sites; magma chambers underlie all fields. Over 800 individual extinct and active chimneys have been documented within the central ~ 15 km portion of the ridge, with some edifices reaching 50 m across and up to 45 m tall. Fluid flow is focused along faults ...

  7. The zooarchaeology of great house sites in the San Juan Basin of the American Southwest

    OpenAIRE

    Badenhorst, Shaw

    2008-01-01

    This dissertation considers animal remains from great houses in the San Juan Basin of the American Southwest. The archaeofauna from an outlying great house, Albert Porter Pueblo in the central Mesa Verde region, occupied between Pueblo II and III (A.D. 1020-1280), indicates that turkey increased in importance over time compared to cottontails. Artiodactyls are not common in the assemblage, suggesting continuous hunting pressure on large game. Only subtle differences were noted between faunas ...

  8. Restoring sedges and mosses into frost heaving iron fens, San Juan Mountains, Colorado

    OpenAIRE

    R.A. Chimner

    2011-01-01

    Rare iron fens in the San Juan Mountains of Colorado are frequently in poor condition due to mining, roads and ditches, which have left much of the fen completely bare of vegetation. Natural revegetation is slow to occur in the bare areas because of severe frost heave in the cold mountain climate. Therefore, experimental revegetation plots were conducted in a factorial design with mulching and no mulching, crossed with moss diaspores, sedge transplants, and moss and sedge combined. Mulching i...

  9. Juan Alberto Aragón: Creador y líder de la Fundación Universitaria Konrad Lorenz

    OpenAIRE

    Sandoval Escobar, Marithza; Motta Forero, Lorena del Pilar

    2009-01-01

    El psicólogo Juan Alberto Aragón nació en la ciudad de Popayán, Colombia, y realizó sus estudios de pregrado y postgrado en el Instituto de Psicología de la Universidad de Varsovia, Polonia. Obtuvoel grado en el campo de la Psicología Clínica Experimental bajo la dirección del profesor Dr. Janusz Reykowski, fundador y primer director del Instituto de Psicología de la Academia Polaca de Ciencias; además, reconocido investigador en psicología social.

  10. Microbial diversity within basement fluids of the sediment-buried Juan de Fuca Ridge flank

    OpenAIRE

    Jungbluth, Sean P.; Grote, Jana; Lin, Huei-Ting; James P. Cowen; Rappé, Michael S

    2012-01-01

    Despite its immense size, logistical and methodological constraints have largely limited microbiological investigations of the subseafloor basement biosphere. In this study, a unique sampling system was used to collect fluids from the subseafloor basaltic crust via a Circulation Obviation Retrofit Kit (CORK) observatory at Integrated Ocean Drilling Program borehole 1301A, located at a depth of 2667?m in the Pacific Ocean on the eastern flank of the Juan de Fuca Ridge. Here, a fluid delivery...

  11. Castro hermanos: El éxito de una empresa familiar vitivinícola de San Juan durante el primer peronismo

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mabel, Cercós.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Los empresarios vitivinícolas de San Juan fueron actores principales del proceso de desarrollo agroindustrial. En este artículo se presentan resultados de una investigación sobre los diez primeros años de la empresa "Castro Hermanos", que se inició en 1943 y continuó hasta la década de 1960. La inve [...] stigación se centra en la figura de Plácido Castro quien supo aprovecharse de un contexto económico favorable para llevar a esta firma entre las principales de San Juan. El encuadre teórico de este trabajo es el de la historia de empresa y empresarios, que revaloriza el papel de los actores y sus estrategias. Las fuentes utilizadas son Protocolos Notariales de diferentes escribanías (APJ), documentos del Archivo Histórico de la Provincia y, sobre todo, el acervo documental de Hacienda, ubicado en la Dirección de Industria de la provincia. Abstract in english Entrepreneur’s winegrowing of San Juan were actor’s main of the development process agroindustrial. In this article are presented results of an investigation on the ten first years of the company "Castro Hermanos" that began in 1943 and continued until the decade of 1960. La research focuses on the [...] figure of Plácido Castro who knew how take advantage of a favorable economic context to carry this signature among major of San Juan. The framing theoretical of this work is that of history of company and entrepreneurs, that revalues the role of the actors and their strategies. Te sources utilized are Notarial Protocols of different notary’s offices (APJ), the existent documents in the viticulture issues box of the "Archivo Histórico de la Provincia" (AHP) and mainly the documental heritage of "Hacienda", located in "Dirección de Industria de la Provincia".

  12. The fall into oblivion of the works of the slave painter Juan de Pareja

    OpenAIRE

    Fracchia, Carmen; Macartney, Hilary

    2012-01-01

    This thought-provoking article focuses on the reception of the Spanish artist Juan de Pareja, the slave and collaborator of Velázquez, who developed a career at the court of Philip IV after his manumission in 1650. Fracchia examines the writings of significant commentators on Pareja, such as Antonio Palomino, Carl Justi, and Gaya Nuño. The historiography is marked by ethnic prejudices, emphasis on Pareja’s social status, and comparison with Velázquez, all of which ultimately contributed ...

  13. Prescripciones dietéticas para las élites rectoras del reino de Navarra durante la primera mitad del siglo XVI: los casos de Juan Rena y Juan de Alarcón / Dietary prescriptions for the elites of the kingdom of Navarre in the 16th century: the cases of Juan Rena and Juan de Alarcón

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Fernando, Serrano Larráyoz.

    Full Text Available Se analizan y transcriben cuatro prescripciones dietéticas para el clérigo de origen veneciano Juan Rena y su servidor Juan de Alarcón, fechadas en la primera mitad del siglo XVI y conservadas en el Archivo General de Navarra. Muestran el interés de médicos y pacientes por la dietética, entendida co [...] mo el conjunto de medidas higiénico-sanitarias basadas en las res naturales y res non naturales galénicas. Estas cuatro prescripciones están estrechamente relacionadas con un género de literatura médica (regímenes de salud ad personam o consilia) hasta ahora poco estudiado para la España renacentista. Los casos que aquí se exponen evidencian el aprecio entre las clases altas por la posesión de recursos terapéuticos adaptados a las necesidades individuales, que se copiaban y recopilaban para un uso personal. Abstract in english The aim of this article is to present and analyse four dietary prescriptions from the 16th century prepared for Juan Rena, a cleric of Venetian origin, and his servant Juan de Alarcón, which are kept at the Archivo General de Navarra. These documents demonstrate the interest of the patients and phys [...] icians in dietetics, understood as a group of health and hygienic measures based on the Galenic res naturales and res non naturales. These four prescriptions are closely related to the ad personam or consilia health regimens, which represent a genre of medical literature whose significance in Renaissance Spain has received little attention. The cases studied reveal the high esteem in which the elites held the possession of therapeutic resources adapted to their individual needs, which were compiled and copied for personal use.

  14. Juan de la Cueva y su Tragedia de Los siete Infantes de Lara

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    Froldi, Rinaldo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses tragedy at the end of the 16th century, within the framework of Spanish plays, and specially the Tragedia de los siete Infantes de Lara by Juan de la Cueva. The historic legend, recounted in chronicles and ballads, is taken up in this play just at the end: the initial part is only taken in the accounts of some of the characters. The structure of the tragedy is rather original: Juan de la Cueva goes through successive «pictures» which refer to the most dramatically evocative episodes. Noteworthy is the poet’s interest in the value of words and his search for a formal and learned style, not lacking occasionally of some rhetorical abuses. This paper highlights the characteristics of Cueva’s humanistic style as well as the contradictory points of view in the critical history of this work, which probably raised admiratio but also raised the moral of the audience, as was actually the poet’s intention.Este artículo examina, en el marco de la literatura teatral española, la tragedia de finales del siglo XVI y, en particular, la Tragedia de los siete Infantes de Lara, de Juan de la Cueva. La histórica leyenda, narrada en las crónicas y en los romances, es asumida en el teatro solo en su parte final: la parte inicial se confía a las narraciones de algunos personajes. La estructura de la tragedia es original: Juan de la Cueva procede a través de «cuadros» sucesivos que se refieren a los episodios más dramáticamente sugerentes. Es destacable el interés del poeta por el valor de la palabra y por la búsqueda formal y culta, no sin algunos abusos retóricos. El ensayo pone de relieve las características del gusto humanístico que inspira a Cueva, así como los contradictorios puntos de vista en la historia crítica de esta composición, que posiblemente tuvo el mérito de levantar admiratio, pero también de elevar moralmente al público, como el poeta se propuso.

  15. Impacts of Urbanization in the Coastal Tropical City of San Juan, Puerto Rico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comarazamy, Daniel E.; Gonzalez, Jorge E.; Luvall, Jeffrey C.; Rickman, Douglass

    2007-01-01

    Urban sprawl in tropical locations is rapidly accelerating and it is more evident in islands where a large percentage of the population resides along the coasts. This paper focuses on the analysis of the impacts of land use and land cover for urbanization in the tropical coastal city of San Juan, in the Caribbean island of Puerto Rico. A mesoscale numerical model, the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS), is used to study the impacts of land use for urbanization in the environment including specific characteristics of the urban heat island in the San Juan Metropolitan Area (SJMA), one of the most noticeable urban cores of the Caribbean. The research also makes use of the observations obtained during the airborne San Juan Atlas Mission. Surface and raw insonde data from the mission are used to validate the atmospheric model yielding satisfactory results. Airborne high resolution remote sensing data are used to update the model's surface characteristics in order to obtain a more accurate and detailed configuration of the SJMA and perform a climate impact analysis based on land cover/land use (LCLU) changes. The impact analysis showed that the presence of the urban landscape of San Juan has an impact reflected in higher air temperatures over the area occupied by the city, with positive values of up to 2.5 degrees C, for the simulations that have specified urban LCLU indexes in the model's bottom boundary. One interesting result of the impact analysis was the finding of a precipitation disturbance shown as a difference in total accumulated rainfall between the present urban landscape and with a potential natural vegetation, apparently induced by the presence of the urban area. Results indicate that the urban-enhanced cloud formation and precipitation development occur mainly downwind of the city, including the accumulated precipitation. This spatial pattern can be explained by the presence of a larger urbanized area in the southwest sector of the city, and of the approaching northeasterly trade winds.

  16. Familia y maquila de ropa en la comunidad de San Juan Zitlaltepec, Estado de México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alma Rosa Rodr\\u00EDguez Sosa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde hace aproximadamente dos décadas, en la comunidad de San Juan Zitlaltepec, en el Estado de México, se empezaron a instalar talleres maquiladores de confección de prendas de vestir. A la fecha, el número de estos talleres se ha incrementado, generando una dinámica social importante para la comunidad. En este escenario, la mujer es la principal mano de obra de las maquilas, logrando que los patrones y prácticas familiares se hayan visto reconfigurados.

  17. Assessing Climate Variability Effects on Dengue Incidence in San Juan, Puerto Rico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Méndez-Lázaro

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available We test the hypothesis that climate and environmental conditions are becoming favorable for dengue transmission in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Sea Level Pressure (SLP, Mean Sea Level (MSL, Wind, Sea Surface Temperature (SST, Air Surface Temperature (AST, Rainfall, and confirmed dengue cases were analyzed. We evaluated the dengue incidence and environmental data with Principal Component Analysis, Pearson correlation coefficient, Mann-Kendall trend test and logistic regressions. Results indicated that dry days are increasing and wet days are decreasing. MSL is increasing, posing higher risk of dengue as the perimeter of the San Juan Bay estuary expands and shorelines move inland. Warming is evident with both SST and AST. Maximum and minimum air surface temperature extremes have increased. Between 1992 and 2011, dengue transmission increased by a factor of 3.4 (95% CI: 1.9–6.1 for each 1 °C increase in SST. For the period 2007–2011 alone, dengue incidence reached a factor of 5.2 (95% CI: 1.9–13.9 for each 1 °C increase in SST. Teenagers are consistently the age group that suffers the most infections in San Juan. Results help understand possible impacts of different climate change scenarios in planning for social adaptation and public health interventions.

  18. Chemical composition and water quality of the Castaño River, Calingasta, San Juan province, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mar\\u00EDa Alejandra Pittaluga

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available La provincia de San Juan, ubicada en el sector árido del centro-oeste de la República Argentina, es irrigada por dos sistemas fluviales importantes como son, los ríos Jáchal y San Juan. El río Castaño, objeto de este estudio, es uno de los principales tributarios del río San Juan que atraviesa el área minera de Castaño Viejo conocida desde 1863, pero explotada intensamente en el período 1956-1964. En el presente trabajo, se definen algunas características hidroquímicas de este sistema hidrográfico, vinculadas a las actividades mineras enunciadas. El desarrollo del trabajo consistió en un muestreo sistemático del agua del río Castaño para conocer particularmente los niveles de concentración de metales pesados, como cadmio, cinc, cobre, cromo, plomo y aluminio, y determinar su incidencia en la composición y calidad del agua. También se determinaron en laboratorio y campo parámetros tales como: pH, conductividad eléctrica y sólidos disueltos en el agua. Los resultados obtenidos indican que algunos parámetros químicos del agua de río, están vinculados a las variaciones de caudales provocadas por las diferentes estaciones del año y por el régimen de alimentación nival del río Castaño. El agua de este sistema hidrográfico no presenta sustancias tóxicas en niveles de contaminación y algunos de los tenores más altos de elementos pesados estarían relacionados con las áreas de afloramientos mineralizados por donde drena el río. Se concluye entonces, que la calidad de este recurso hídrico andino no ha sido afectada por la explotación minera realizada

  19. Contemporary geochemical composition and flux of aeolian dust to the San Juan Mountains, Colorado, United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Corey R.; Painter, T. H.; Landry, C. C.; Neff, J. C.

    2010-09-01

    Dust deposition in the Rocky Mountains may be an important biogeochemical flux from upwind ecosystems. Seasonal (winter/spring) dust mass fluxes to the San Juan Mountains during the period from 2004 to 2008 ranged from 5 to 10 g m-2, with individual deposition events reaching as high as 2 g m-2. Dust deposited in the San Juan Mountains was primarily composed of silt- and clay-sized particles, indicating a regional source area. The concentrations of most major and minor elements in this dust were similar to or less than average upper continental crustal concentrations, whereas trace element concentrations were often enriched. In particular, dust collected from the San Juan Mountain snowpack was characterized by enrichments of heavy metals including As, Cu, Cd, Mo, Pb, and Zn. The mineral composition of dust partially explained dust geochemistry; however, based on results of a sequential leaching procedure it appeared that trace element enrichments were associated with the organic-, and not the mineral-, fraction of dust. Our observations show that the dust-derived fluxes of several nutrients and trace metals are substantial and, because many elements are deposited in a mobile form, could be important controls of vegetation, soil, or surface water chemistry. The flux measurements reported here are useful benchmarks for the characterization of ecosystem biogeochemical cycling in the Rocky Mountains.

  20. Juan Serapio Lois (1844-1913): Pionero de la Psicología Científica en Chile / Juan Serapio Lois (1844-1913): Pioneer of Scientific Psychology in Chile

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gonzalo, Salas.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available El artículo releva la obra de Juan Serapio Lois y el contexto de la época en la que vivió. Las investigaciones relacionadas con la historia de la psicología en Chile plantean el inicio de la ciencia psicológica en el país en 1889, al llegar al Instituto Pedagógico de la Universidad de Chile el Dr. J [...] orge Enrique Schneider. Sin embargo, el avance de la historiografía permite observar en Lois al pionero adelantado, quien realiza una importante obra influenciado por el pensamiento positivista de Auguste Comte. El presente trabajo se aborda desde la metodología rizomática para la historia de la psicología y busca determinar las razones por las cuales Lois debe ser considerado un pionero de la psicología científica en Chile. Abstract in english The article highlights Juan Serapio Lois´ work, and the context of the time in which he lived. Research concerning the history of psychology in Chile sets the beginning of psychological science in the country during 1889, when Dr. Jorge Enrique Schneider arrived at the Instituto Pedagógico of Univer [...] sidad de Chile. However, the progress of historiography has identified Lois as an advanced pioneer, who performed important work influenced by Auguste Comte´s positivist thinking. The present study follows the rhizomatic methodology for the history of psychology and seeks to determine the reasons why Lois must be considered a pioneer of Chilean scientific psychology.

  1. El período de Pittsburgh en la vida de Juan Pablo Izquierdo: 1990-2008 / Juan Pablo Izquierdo, Pittsburgh Period: 1990-2008

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marilyn, Taft-Thomas.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo describe la carrera profesional de Juan Pablo Izquierdo durante los dieciocho años que se desempeñó como profesor en la Escuela de Música de la Carnegie Mellon University en Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Investiga su labor de formar la orquesta estudiantil, el crecimiento del impacto de la [...] escuela mediante proyectos internacionales de radio y de fonogramas, la creación de lazos entre la Escuela y los músicos profesionales jóvenes en Chile, además del desarrollo de las competencias de interpretación y dirección orquestal de los estudiantes que trabajaron con él. La inmensidad de su legado se refleja en las críticas que se publicaron acerca de sus grabaciones del repertorio musical contemporáneo y en los comentarios personales de quienes estudiaron dirección orquestal bajo su guía. Abstract in english This article describes the professional career of Juan Pablo Izquierdo during the eighteen years he held a faculty position in the Carnegie Mellon University School of Music, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It traces his work in building the student orchestra, broadening the impact of the school through i [...] nternational radio and recording projects, creating links between the school and young professional musicians in Chile, and developing the performance and conducting skills of the students with whom he worked. The depth of his legacy is reflected in published reviews of his recordings of contemporary repertoire and in personal comments offered by his former conducting students.

  2. La Librería de Juan Polo en Murcia a mediados del siglo XVIII Juan Polo's library in Murcia in the middle of the XVIII Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amparo García Cuadrado

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A través del análisis del inventario de los bienes dejados a su muerte por el librero Juan Polo, junto a la utilización de otras fuentes archivísticas, se retrata el perfil vital y las actividades desarrolladas por este profesional del libro en la Murcia de mediados del siglo XVIII. La trascripción e identificación de los libros y otros impresos menores reseñados en el inventario y, sobre todo, la cuantía de ejemplares por título ha permitido abordar el tipo de clientela de la librería y la aceptación o el éxito de determinados productos editoriales, siempre en consonancia con unas necesidades prácticas, formativas o recreativas y con unos hábitos lectores fácilmente reconocibles.The profile and activities carried out by the bookseller Juan Polo during the XVIII century are analyzed through the inventory of assets and other archival sources which remained after his death. The identification and transcription of books and other minor works recorded in the inventory, and above all the quantity of existing copies of each title, allow us to also depict the profile of regular clients, and to assess the degree of success attained by certain publishing products. Practical, recreational or educational needs were also kept in mind in order to acknowledge easily recognizable reader's habits.

  3. Calidad de la prescripción de propanonol en el área de salud "Dr. Carlos Juan Finlay" / Quality of the propanolol prescription in "Dr. Carlos Juan Finlay" health area

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sandra, Casas Gross; Rodolfo Roldán, Malo de Molina; Hidelisa, Herrero Aguirre; Milagros, Gross Fernández; Doris, Perdomo Leyva.

    2079-20-01

    Full Text Available Se efectuó un estudio descriptivo y transversal de todos pacientes que consumían propanolol, independientemente de la edad, sexo, raza e indicación, a fin de evaluar la calidad de la prescripción de este medicamento por los facultativos (endocrinólogo, neurólogo y cardiólogo) responsables en el área [...] de salud "Dr. Carlos Juan Finlay" de Santiago de Cuba. Los especialistas de medicina general integral tuvieron los peores resultados en cuanto a prescripción inadecuada durante el proceso, a diferencia de lo realizado por profesionales de las ramas de neurología y medicina interna. La evaluación de los resultados de la satisfacción de los proveedores de salud fue inadecuada y de los usuarios, adecuada. Abstract in english A descriptive and cross sectional study of all patients that were prescribed propanolol, independently of the age, sex, race and indication was carried out, in order to evaluate the quality of the prescription for this medication by doctors (endocrinologist, neurologist and cardiologist) who worked [...] in "Dr. Carlos Juan Finlay" health area from Santiago de Cuba. The specialists in Comprehensive General Medicine had the worst results regarding inappropriate prescription during the process, contrary to what professionals from the neurology and internal medicine specialities do. The evaluation of the satisfaction results for the health providers was inappropriate and that of the users was appropriate.

  4. Paleoflora de la Formación Carrizal (Triásico Medio-Superior), provincia de San Juan, Argentina / Paleoflora of the Carrizal Formation (Middle-Upper Triassic), San Juan province, Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alicia Isabel, Lutz; Federico, Exequiel Arce.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta el estudio de una paleoflora recuperada del Triásico continental de la Formación Carrizal (Grupo Marayes), Cuenca de Marayes-El Carrizal, provincia de San Juan, Argentina. Las muestras provienen en su mayoría de perfiles ubicados en las cercanías de la localidad de Maray [...] es, a lo largo del río homónimo, de las Quebradas del Barro y El Carrizal y de zonas adyacentes a Mina Richard y que fue sintetizado en un solo perfil. Desde un punto de vista taxonómico, se han diferenciado los Reinos Fungi y Plantae, éste último con representantes de distintos órdenes, géneros y especies de las Divisiones Bryophyta, Sphenophyta, Filicophyta, Pteridospermophyta, Ginhgophyta y Gymnospermophyta, como así también un grupo de plantas Incertae sedis. Estos materiales están preservados como impresiones y compresiones carbonosas. También se halló madera petrificada de Corystospermaceae, Cycadales y Coniferales. Abstract in english This articlepresent the study of a continental Triassicpaleoflora recoveredfrom CarrizalFormation (Marayes Group), Marayes-El Carrizal Basin, San Juan Province, Argentina. Several samples were collected near to Marayes town, along the homonym river, from Quebrada del Barro, Quebrada el Carrizal cree [...] ks and the Mina Rickard, these places were synthetized into a unique section. Kingdom Fungi and Plantae have been differentiatedfrom a taxonomical viewpoint. Plants were determined within different orders, genus and species like Bryophyte, Sphenophyta, Filicophyta, Pteridospermophyta, Ginkgophyta and Coniferophyta Divisions and Incertae sedis plants. These materials are conserved as carbonaceous compressions and impressions. Petrified woods of Corystospermaceae, Cycadales and Coniferales have been also found.

  5. dibaxu, de Juan Gelman: diáspora de la poesía en las galaxias de la transcreación / Juan Gelman's dibaxu: Diaspora of Poetry in the Galaxies of Transcreation

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Susana, Romano Sued.

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available dibaxu es un poemario "bilingüe" que consta de 29 textos en idioma ladino, o judezmo, o sefardí, de la poeta Franco-bosnia Clarisse Nicoîsky, vertidos al castellano por Juan Gelman. Con Haroldo de Campos considero que la traducción de Gelman es "transcreación", que es como ha re-nombrado a la traduc [...] ción literaria. Tanto los poemas originales como la transcreación de Gelman son en realidad un ars poetica, y ambos tienen lugar en la diáspora. Aquí se produce un encuentro entre Ética y Poética. Abstract in english dibaxu is bilingual poetry book consisting of 29 poems written in Ladino, Sephardi Hebrew, or Judaeo-Spanish by Clarisse Nicoïsky, a Franco-Bosnian poet translated by Juan Gelman into Spanish. Together with Haroldo de Campos I consider Gelman's translation as transcreation, the way Haroldo de Campos [...] renamed the translation of literature. Both the original poems and Gelman's transcreation are actually an ars poetica, and both take place in the diaspora. Here occurs an encounter between Ethics and Poetics.

  6. Notações espaciais como formas de inteligibilidade cultural: Graciliano Ramos, José María Arguedas, Juan José Saer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graciela Ravetti

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Estudam-se, neste artigo, formas de desenhar o espaço literário com a perspectiva do “lugar” e do “movimento no lugar” em escritores com fortes vínculos com, pelo menos, duas tradições. É possível afirmar que cada tradição _ e dentro delas, cada período histórico _ consolida um modo de representação do espaço e, com isso, reflete uma visão de mundo particular. A expectativa é encontrar novas formas de inteligibilidade da cultura a partir dos problemas de figuração. Os três autores estudados são latino-americanos: José María Arguedas é peruano e considerado um escritor bicultural, sendo como foi ligado tanto às culturas indígenas de sua região (aymara e quéchua quanto ao que de mais moderno apresentava a literatura de América Hispânica nas décadas de 50 e 60 (o realismo mágico e o testemunho; Graciliano Ramos é comumente associado à tradição literária brasileira no que esta tem de ocidental e moderna, mas mostra fortes vínculos com o interior do nordeste, o que lhe empresta um perfil ligado a dois aspectos determinantes da cultura brasileira; Juan José Saer é argentino e ligado, por um lado, à tradição argentina dos séculos XIX e XX, e, por outro, conectado, pelas circunstâncias de seu exílio (1968 até sua morte, em 2005 à França e à cultura européia. De Graciliano Ramos privilegia-se aqui seu romance Vidas Secas; de José Maria Arguedas seu conto A agonia de Rasu-Ñiti; de Juan José Saer, seu romance El limonero real.Palavras-chave: Graciliano Ramos; Vidas Secas; José María Arguedas; A agonia de Rasu-Ñiti; Juan José Saer; El limonero real; espaço; cultura.Resumen: Se estudian, en este artículo, formas de bosquejar el espacio literario desde la perspectiva del “lugar” y del “movimiento en el lugar” en escritores con fuertes vínculos con, por lo menos, dos tradiciones. Es posible afirmar que cada tradición — y en su interior, cada período histórico — consolida un modo de representación del espacio y, de ese modo, refleja una visión de mundo particular. La expectativa es  encontrar nuevas formas de inteligibilidad de la cultura a partir de los problemas de figuración. Los tres autores estudiados son latinoamericanos: José María Arguedas es peruano y considerado un escritor bicultural, siendo como fue ligado tanto a las culturas indígenas de su región (aymara y quechua como a lo que de más  moderno presentaba la literatura de América Hispánica durante las décadas de 50 e 60 (el realismo mágico y el testimonio narrativo; Graciliano Ramos es comúnmente asociado a la tradición literaria brasileña en lo que ésta tiene de occidental y moderna, por sus elecciones literarias e ideológicas (su adhesión al Partido Comunista Brasileño, pero no podemos dejar de vincularlo con el interior del nordeste, lo que le presta un perfil ligado a dos aspectos determinantes de la cultura brasileña de la época; Juan José Saer es argentino y vinculado, por un lado, a la tradición  argentina de los siglos XIX y XX, y, por otro, conectado, por las circunstancias de su exilio (1968 hasta su muerte, en 2005 a Francia y a la cultura europea. De Graciliano Ramos privilegia-se aqui seu romance Vidas Secas; de José Maria Arguedas seu conto La agonía de Rasu-Ñiti; de Juan José Saer, su novela El limonero real.Palabras-clave: Graciliano Ramos; Vidas Secas; José María Arguedas; A agonia de Rasu-Ñiti; Juan José Saer; El limonero real; espaço; cultura.Keywords: Graciliano Ramos; Vidas Secas; José María Arguedas; A agonia de Rasu-Ñiti; Juan José Saer; El limonero real; space; culture.

  7. Estratigrafía y bioestratigrafía del Ordovícico Medio del río Las Chacritas, Precordillera Central de San Juan / Stratigraphy and biostratigraphy from the middle Ordovician of Las Chacritas river, San Juan Central Precordillera

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Susana, Heredia; Matilde, Beresi; Ana, Mestre.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Se reconocen dos unidades carbonáticas ordovícicas en la Quebrada del río Las Chacritas (Sierra de La Trampa, Precordillera Central). Se analiza y revisa la nomenclatura litoestratigráfica proponiéndose Formación Las Aguaditas para la sucesión carbonática que sobreyace a la Formación San Juan. Se da [...] a conocer la bioestratigrafía de conodontes de la sucesión carbonática darriwiliana media, especialmente la del tope de la Formación San Juan y de la parte inferior de la Formación Las Aguaditas. Se analiza el pase entre la Formación San Juan y la transición calcáreo-pelítica (Formación Las Aguaditas), y se lo correlaciona con otras localidades de la Precordillera Central. Abstract in english Two Ordovician carbonate formations are recognized in the Las Chacritas Creek (Sierra de La Trampa, Central Precordillera). The lithostratigraphic nomenclature is analyzed and revised, the Las Aguaditas Formation is proposed for the carbonate succession that is overlying the San Juan Formation. The [...] middle Darriwilian conodont faunas recovered from the studied stratigraphic interval allowed the usage of the Baltic biostratigraphic chart: the Eoplacognathus pseudoplanus and the Eoplacognathus suecicus zones. The contact between the San Juan and Las Aguaditas formations is analyzed and correlation is possible with several localities of the Central Precordillera.

  8. Prevalence of Escherichia coli among uropathogens in asymptomatic bacteriuria in a Nigerian Tertiary school in Jos, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bigwan E. I

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of Escherichia coli in asymptomatic bacteriuria among the students of Federal School of Medical Laboratory Technology, Jos.Methods: Mid-stream urine samples from 213 students who consented were collected, cultured, isolates identified and antibiotic susceptibility test was carried out according to standard microbiological protocols.Results: Of the 213 test samples screened, 9(4.2% had asymptomatic bacteriuria. The study indicates that 9(4.2% of the samples showed a significant count growth, 4(1.9% had a non significant growth, while 199(93.4% showed no growth. Of the 114 samples screened from female students, 9(7.9% had significant bacteriuria, while of the 99 samples screened from the male counterparts non 0(0.0% had significant bacteriuria. The bacterial isolates recovered in this study were Escherichia coli which had the highest with 6(66.7% while Klebsiella species had the lowest with 3(33.3%.The distribution of microbial isolates recovered from the study shows that Escherichia coli had the highest prevalence of 6(60.0%, followed by Klebsiella species with 3(30.0%, while Candida species had 1(10.0%.The antibiotic susceptibility pattern for the Escherichia coli isolates reveals that all the 6(100% isolates were susceptible to Nalidixic acid, Nitrofurantoin and Gentamycin, while Colistin Phosphate, Tetracycline and Streptomycin had 5(83.3%, 4(66.7% and 1(16.7% respectively. Ampicillin and Cotrimoxazole were resistant to all the Escherichia coli isolates.Conclusion: Asymptomatic bacteriuria was recorded among the females, therefore this call for the need to create more awareness on prevention and control measures for UTIs among females. The antibiogram profile suggested possibilities of drug abuse.

  9. Caracterización de los Servicios de Asesoramiento Genético en San Juan y Martínez / Characterization of Genetic Counseling in San Juan y Martínez

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Anabel, Hernández Fernández; Yadira, Chagimes Batista; Deysi, Licourt Otero; Olga, Viera Díaz; Pablo, Álvarez Marín.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: el Asesoramiento Genético actualmente constituye el medio más efectivo de prevención de las enfermedades genéticas, siendo este un eslabón importante en el desarrollo de los programas de la Genética Médica Comunitaria. Objetivo: caracterizar la efectividad y el estado de los servicios [...] de Asesoramiento Genético en el municipio de San Juan y Martínez, Provincia Pinar del Río en el período comprendido entre los años 2003-2009. Material y método: se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de tipo descriptivo de corte transversal. Se seleccionó mediante un muestreo no probabilístico a 50 familias. Se aplicó una entrevista que evaluó diferentes variables tales como la efectividad del Asesoramiento Genético, la satisfacción con los servicios de asesoramiento genético, los aspectos éticos del asesoramiento genético entre otras. Resultados: se obtuvo una mejoría de los indicadores de cobertura de los programas de genética en el último período, para un alto por ciento de los encuestados fue buena la efectividad del asesoramiento genético y están satisfechos con el servicio de asesoramiento genético. Conclusiones: con el presente trabajo se demuestra la caracterización de los servicios de asesoramiento genético, siendo evaluado de favorable la efectividad del asesoramiento genético, así como los servicios y el desempeño de los másteres en Asesoramiento Genético. Abstract in english Introduction: currently genetic counseling constitutes the most effective way to prevent genetic diseases, which is a very important link to the development of Community Medical Genetics. Objective: to characterize the effectiveness and state of Genetic Counseling in San Juan y Martinez, Pinar del R [...] io province during 2003-2009. Material and method: a retrospective, descriptive and cross sectional study was carried out. Through a non-probabilistic sampling 50 families were chosen. An interview was applied assessing different variables: effectiveness of genetic counseling, satisfaction with the services and the ethical aspects of the genetic counseling among others. Results: some improvements were observed in the last period concerning the coverage of genetic programs, where a high percentage of those polled considered the effectiveness of genetic counseling as good and showed satisfaction. Conclusions: the characterization of genetic counseling is very important to diagnose and prevent genetic diseases and congenital defects in San Juan y Martinez municipality.

  10. "Donde tu hermosura se ensombra": problemas morfosemánticos en el "Comentario VII", de Juan Gelman / "Donde tu hermosura se ensombra": Morpho Semantic Problems on "Comentario VII", of Juan Gelman

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Aldo, García Ávila.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Con las herramientas que brinda la descripción morfológica, en el presente trabajo se describen formal y semánticamente las licencias poéticas y arcaísmos que se encuentran en el poema "Comentario VII", de Juan Gelman; esto es, aquellas palabras ocasionales que el poeta acuña con una finalidad emoti [...] va y poética, así como las palabras que han caído en desuso y se han revitalizado en su poesía. El análisis toma como punto de partida el concepto de transparencia y opacidad morfológica, en virtud de que la formación de palabras en este poema estará condicionada, entre otras cosas, por el hecho de que el lector pueda identificar la palabra base de la licencia poética, situación que le permitirá determinar el significado de la misma. Además, algunas de estas licencia poéticas rivalizarán con palabras establecidas de la lengua, de manera que la licencia poética no será bloqueada, porque a partir de la transparencia Juan Gelman logrará restituir los significados básicos o prototípicos que las palabras establecidas han dejado de expresar. Finalmente, se muestra cómo se favorece la argumentación literaria con el empleo de herramientas propias de la descripción lingüística. Abstract in english In this paper, the author uses the tools of linguistics and morphology to describe formally and semantically the poetic licenses and archaisms found in the poem "Comentario VII" by Juan Gelman: that is, those occasional words coined by Gelman with emotional and poetic purpose, as well as words that [...] have become obsolete but have found themselves revitalized in his poetry. The analysis takes as its starting point the concept of morphological transparency and opacity, through which the formation of words in the poem is conditioned, among other things, by the fact that the reader can identify the base word of poetic license, an identification that allows him to determine the base word's meaning. Similarly, some of these words will contend with both formally and semantically established words in such a way that poetic license will not be blocked, as through transparency Gelman will succeed in restoring basic or prototypical meanings that words no longer express. Finally, the author shows how literary argument is supported by the use of tools of linguistic description.

  11. Taxonomy and biogeography of the coastal fishes of Juan Fernández Archipelago and Desventuradas Islands, Chile / Taxonomía y biogeografía de los peces costeros del Archipiélago de Juan Fernández y de las islas Desventuradas, Chile

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Brian S, Dyer; Mark W, Westneat.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Las islas Desventuradas (San Félix y San Ambrosio) y del Archipiélago de Juan Fernández (Robinson Crusoe y Alejandro Selkirk) son islas oceánicas de origen volcánico ubicadas en el Pacífico Sudeste, frente a Chile. Sobre la base de material recolectado desde 1997 hasta la fecha, revisiones de colecc [...] iones de las expediciones del R/V Anton Bruun y actualizaciones taxonómicas, la fauna de peces litorales del Archipélago de Juan Fernández y las islas Desventuradas tienen un total de 52 especies, con 41 y 43 especies, respectivamente. Los peces costeros endémicos de Juan Fernández son solamente cinco (12,2%) y tres son las especies registradas aquí como nuevas para las islas (Gymnothorax cf. obesus, Gnathophis sp., Suezichthys sp.). Las Desventuradas tienen solamente dos especies endémicas (4,6%) y cuatro son los nuevos registros (Scorpaenodes englerti, Maxillicosta reticulata, Suezichthys sp., Aseraggodes bahamondei). El reducido número de especies endémicas para Juan Fernández comparado con trabajos previos (15 especies) se debe a que muchas resultaron ser endémicas de ambos grupos de islas (22 especies = 42,3% total peces litorales), apoyando la propuesta que ambos grupos de islas debieran formar una sola unidad biogeográfica. La extensión oriental de la región Indo Pacífico Oeste para incluir la cordillera de Nazca, las islas Desventuradas y Juan Fernández encuentra apoyo en este trabajo. La afinidad zoogeográfica entre las Desventuradas y las islas del Pacífico Oeste (Isla de Pascua hasta Australia) incluye 16 especies, agregando cinco nuevos registros a listas anteriores. Filogenias de tres géneros señalan un centro de origen en el Pacífico Oeste, con uno o más eventos de dispersión hacia las islas Desventuradas y Juan Fernández. Este patrón de dispersión puede repetirse en otros siete géneros de pocas especies y relativamente restringidas en distribución. Solo una filogenia (Odontesthes) propone un origen continental con una dispersión hacia el Oeste, sin embargo otros tres géneros parecen tener este mismo patrón de dispersión. Abstract in english The Desventuradas Islands (San Félix and San Ambrosio) and Juan Fernández Archipelago (Robinson Crusoe and Alejandro Selkirk) are oceanic islands of volcanic origin located in the southeastern Pacific off Chile. Based on new material collected since 1997, revision of the R/V Anton Bruun expeditions [...] collections, and a taxonomic update, the coastal fish fauna of Juan Fernández Archipelago and Desventuradas Islands found a total of 52 species, with 41 and 43 species, respectively. The number of coastal fish species recorded herein as endemic for Juan Fernández is only five (12,2%) and three species are new records (Gymnothorax cf. obesus, Gnathophis sp., Suezichthys sp). The Desventuradas Islands have only two endemic species (4,6%) and four species are new records (Scorpaenodes englerti, Maxillicosta reticulata, Suezichthys sp., Aseraggodes bahamondei). The reduced number of endemic species for the Juan Fernández Islands as compared with previous accounts (15 species) is the result that more species were found to be endemic to both islands groups (22 species = 42,3% all coastal fishes), suggesting these two island groups should be considered a single biogeographic unit. The eastern extension of the Indo West Pacific Region to include the Nazca Ridge, Desventuradas and Juan Fernández Islands is supported herein. The zoogeographical affinities between Desventuradas and western Pacific Islands (Easter Island to Australia), includes 16 species, adding five new species to previous lists. Relationships of three genera indicate a Western Pacific origin with one or more dispersal events to the Desventuradas and Juan Fernández Islands. Another seven genera, with relatively few species and restricted distribution, may have this same pattern. Only one phylogenetic study indicates a continental origin with a westward dispersal (Odontesthes), however another three genera may have this same pattern of dispersal.

  12. Peces Serránidos de la Isla Alejandro Selkirk, Archipiélago Juan Fernández, Chile (Pisces: Serranidae): Análisis ictiogeográfico / Serranid fishes of the Alejandro Selkirk Island, Archipelago of Juan Fernandez , Chile (Pisces: Serranidae): Ichthyogeographic analysis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José R., Rojas; Germán, Pequeño.

    Full Text Available Caprodon longimanus (Günther, 1859); Hypoplectrodes semicinctum Valenciennes, 1833 y Plectranthias lamillai Rojas y Pequeño (1998) (Pisces: Serranidae: Anthiinae) representan nuevos registros para la ictiofauna de la Isla Alejandro Selkirk (33°46'S, 80°46'W) (Archipiélago Juan Fernández). Se present [...] a una comparación de los atributos morfológicos y merísticos externos que caracterizan a cada uno de estos taxa utilizando antecedentes bibliográficos, material depositado en diferentes museos, colecciones y nuevo material recolectado. La distribución de H. semicinctum incluye Isla de Pascua, Islas Desventuradas y el Archipiélago de Juan Fernández. P. lamillai, es conocida sólo en Isla Alejandro Selkirk. Caprodon longimanus presenta una amplia distribución en el Pacífico, con previos registros en Australia, Nueva Zelanda, Islas Hawaianas, Formosa, Corea, Sur de Japón, Isla Lord Howe, Islas Tuamotu, Islas Kermadec, Isla de Pascua, Islas Desventuradas y Archipiélago de Juan Fernández. Con respecto a estas especies se discuten aspectos ictiogeográficos relacionados con el origen, distribución y relaciones con otras regiones zoogeográficas Abstract in english Caprodon longimanus Günther, 1859; Hypoplectrodes semicinctum Valenciennes, 1833 and Plectranthias lamillai Rojas y Pequeño (1998) (Pisces: Serranidae: Anthiinae) represents new records for Alejandro Selkirk Island ichthyofauna (33°46'S, 80°46'W Juan Fernández Archipelago). The morphometric characte [...] ristics of each species is compared with bibliographic data and specimens preserved in differents museums and collections.The distribution of H. semicinctum is Eastern Island, Desventuradas Islands and Juan Fernández Archipelago. P. lamillai, is known only of Alejandro Selkirk Island. Caprodon longimanus has a wide distribution in the Pacific, with previous records in Australia, New Zealand, Hawaiians Islands, Formosa, Korea, Japan, Lord Howe Islands, Tuamotu Islands, Kermadec Islands, Easter Island, Desventuradas Island and Juan Fernández Archipelago. The origin, distribution and ichthyogeographic relationships of these species with other zoogeographic areas are discussed

  13. Cytological investigations on populations of Taraxacum (Asteraceae) from the Juan Fernandez Archipelago, Chile / Investigaciones citológicas en poblaciones de Taraxacum (Asteraceae) del Archipiélago de Juan Fernández, Chile

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carlos, Baeza; Cristián, Bastías; Tod, Stuessy; Eduardo, Ruiz; Josef, Greimler; Patricio, López-Sepulveda; Patricio, Peñailillo; Patricio, Novoa; Alejandro, Gatica.

    Full Text Available Durante una expedición al Archipiélago de Juan Fernández, Chile, en febrero de 2011, se recolectaron semillas de Taraxacumfernandezianum Dahlst. provenientes de las islas Robinson Crusoe y Alejandro Selkirk. Se realizó un análisis citológico de las dos poblaciones y se concluyó que ambas son triploi [...] des, con un 2n = 3x = 24 cromosomas, con una fórmula cariotípica de 18m + 3sm + 3sm-sat, esto es, 18 cromosomas metacéntricos, 3 cromosomas submetacéntricos y 3 cromosomas submetacéntricos con un satélite en el brazo largo. Coincidentemente, estas poblaciones son citológicamente idénticas a las reportadas en Japón e India para Taraxacum officinale. Sobre estos antecedentes, concluimos que desde un punto de vista citológico Taraxacum fernandezianum podría ser considerado como Taraxacum officinale, maleza ampliamente distribuida en todo el mundo. Abstract in english [...

  14. Project "Conservation, Restoration, and Development of the Juan Fernández islands, Chile" / Proyecto conservación, restauración y desarrollo de las islas Juan Fernández, Chile

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    JAIME G., CUEVAS; GART, VAN LEERSUM.

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Las islas Juan Fernández albergan una de las floras más interesantes del planeta desde el punto de vista científico. Aunque están protegidas como Parque Nacional y Reserva Mundial de la Biosfera, más de 400 años de intervención humana han dejado una profunda huella en sus comunidades de plantas nati [...] vas. Los repetidos incendios, sobreexplotación de especies y la introducción de plagas animales y vegetales, han colocado al 75 % de la flora vascular endémica bajo amenaza de extinción. En 1997, la Corporación Nacional Forestal de Chile (CONAF) dio inicio a un ambicioso proyecto, cuyo propósito es recuperar este ecosistema de alta complejidad a través de un enfoque socio-ecológico. Juan Fernández constituye un caso interesante, debido a que la población local (600 personas) prácticamente vive dentro del parque, por lo que no es posible excluir al humano de los programas de conservación. Segundo, el relativamente pequeño tamaño del archipiélago (100 km²) permite la observación de los efectos de cualquier modificación en el ecosistema en pequeñas escalas en el tiempo y el espacio. Tercero, la biota nativa e introducida se relaciona de tal manera que la modificación de la abundancia de una especie por acción humana puede provocar resultados inesperados en otras especies no consideradas blanco. El proyecto comprende principalmente programas que buscan controlar o erradicar algunas de las plagas animales y vegetales, adopta medidas activas para conservar y restaurar la flora, así como también inserta al humano en los planes de conservación. En este trabajo se da a conocer la problemática general del parque, la estrategia que se ha seguido para resolver estos problemas, así como también se informan los primeros resultados. Este proyecto ilustra la complejidad para realizar labores de conservación en una situación práctica, con variadas y complejas interrelaciones, y con vacíos en el conocimiento ecológico. Por lo tanto, puede servir como modelo para realizar programas similares en otros lugares Abstract in english From a scientific point of view, the Juan Fernández islands contain one of the most interesting floras of the planet. Although protected as a National Park and a World Biosphere Reserve, 400 years of human interference have left deep traces in the native plant communities. Repeated burning, overexpl [...] oitation of species, and the introduction of animal and plant plagues have taken 75 % of the endemic vascular flora to the verge of extinction. In 1997, Chile's national forest service (Corporación Nacional Forestal, CONAF) started an ambitious project, whose objective is the recovery of this highly complex ecosystem with a socio-ecological focus. Juan Fernández makes an interesting case, as the local people (600 persons) practically live within the park, therefore impeding the exclusion of the people from any conservation program. Secondly, the relatively small size of the archipelago (100 km²) permits the observation of the effects of whatever modification in the ecosystem on small scales in time and space. Thirdly, the native and introduced biota are interrelated in such a way that human-caused changes in one species population may provoke unexpected results amongst other, non-target species. The project mainly deals with the eradication or control of some animal and plant plagues, the active conservation and restoration of the flora and the inclusion of the local people in conservation planning. This article presents the park's general problems, the strategy proposed to resolve them as well as some preliminary results. This project shows the complexity of the conservation activities in practice, with diverse and complex interrelations and gaps in ecological knowledge. In this respect, the project may well serve as a model for similar programs in other places

  15. Subtidal reef fish and macrobenthic community structure at the temperate Juan Fernández Archipelago, Chile / Estructura comunitaria del macrobentos y peces costeros submareales del archipiélago Juan Fernández, Chile

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alejandro, Pérez-Matus; Fabián, Ramirez; Tyler D, Eddy; Russell, Cole.

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available El archipiélago Juan Fernández (33°37'S, 78°51'W), es un grupo de islas situadas a 650 km al oeste de Chile continental, con alto grado de endemismo en su biota marina. A pesar de numerosas expediciones científicas a estas islas que han identificado este alto endemismo, pocos estudios han tratado de [...] identificar los patrones de estructura de la comunidad en hábitats submareales. Mediante censos visuales, se registraron los peces y su asociación con el hábitat en cinco sitios de estudio, en dos de las tres islas del archipiélago. Dado el aislamiento del archipiélago nos preguntamos: ¿Cuál es la composición de la fauna de peces de arrecife en estas aisladas islas? ¿Qué hábitats dominan los ambientes submareales? ¿Qué influye en la abundancia de peces de arrecife? Los análisis realizados sugieren que la comunidad de peces en el archipiélago está dominada por especies endémicas. La ictiofauna se compone de una mezcla de taxa de origen subtropical y templado, con una mayor similitud a las especies del Pacífico occidental que a las del Pacífico suroriental. Se identificaron diferentes ensambles de peces en sitios expuestos y protegidos. Las macroalgas pardas y rojas limitaron la abundancia de algunos peces de arrecife. Cuatro categorías tróficas de peces de arrecife, estuvieron presentes en el archipiélago, siendo los invertívoros los consumidores dominantes. Hasta donde se sabe, este es el primer intento en identificar los patrones de la estructura comunitaria en ambientes submareales en el archipiélago de Juan Fernández. Abstract in english The Juan Fernández Archipelago (33°37'S, 78°51'W), an isolated group of islands 650 km west of continental Chile, has a high degree of endemism in its marine biota. Despite numerous scientific expeditions to these islands that have identified this high endemism, few studies have attempted to identif [...] y patterns of community structure in subtidal habitats. Using visual census, we surveyed fish and habitat associations at five sites located at two of the three islands of the archipelago. Given the isolation of the archipelago we asked: What is the composition of the reef fish fauna at these isolated islands? What habitats dominate subtidal environments? What influences the abundances of reef fishes? Our analysis confirms that fish communities at the archipielago are dominated by endemic species. The ichthyofauna is comprised of a mixture of subtropical and temperate taxa, with greater similarity to western than eastern South Pacific fauna. We identified different fish assemblages at wave-exposed and wave-sheltered sites. Brown and red macroalgae were correlated with the abundances of some reef fishes. Four broad trophic categories of reef fishes were present at the archipelago, with invertebrate consumers dominating abundance. To our knowledge, this is the first attempt to quantify patterns of community structure in subtidal environments at the Juan Fernández Archipelago.

  16. Estructura del paleozoico inferior en las nacientes del río Jachal, provincia de San Juan / Lower Paleozoic structure in the headwaters of Río Jachal, San Juan Province

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José, Sellés-Martínez; Diego, Azcurra.

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Se describen e interpretan las estructuras desarrolladas en unidades ordovícicas, (Formaciones Yerba Loca y Los Sombreros) y paleógenas-neógenas (Formaciones Vallecito y Rodeo) aflorantes en la quebrada del río Jáchal entre el embalse Cuesta del Viento y Los Túneles. Las primeras forman las sierras [...] Negra y de los Túneles, limitadas en sus bordes orientales por los sobrecorrimientos de la Tranca y los Blanquitos respectivamente y cubiertas en discordancia angular por la Formación Rodeo en los occidentales. El conjunto exhibe grandes pliegues asimétricos, de longitud de onda comparable con el ancho de las sierras, afectados por estructuras de escala hectométrica a métrica, más frecuentes en los limbos orientales, que son también los más tendidos. La orientación general de los ejes de los pliegues es variable desde Az 315 a Az 360, y la vergencia general de las estructuras pre-carboníferas y terciarias es hacia el este, lo que hace imposible el uso de su orientación para diferenciar su edad. La comparación de esta zona con los afloramientos de unidades coetáneas en las nacientes del río San Juan arroja semejanzas sedimentológicas y estructurales, pero también diferencias importantes. Entre las primeras se señalan las identidades litológicas y la presencia de unidades plegadas con ejes N-S sobre el sector oriental de los afloramientos y orientaciones al N-NO en el sector occidental. Entre las diferencias más importantes debe mencionarse la ausencia, en el área de Rodeo, de unidades silúricas equivalentes a la Formación Calingasta y de los conglomerados y ritmitas de la Formación El Planchón, aflorantes en el área del río San Juan. Abstract in english Structures cropping out in the Jachal Valley from the Cuesta del Viento dam to the locality of Los Tuneles are described and analyzed. These structures affect the Ordovician Yerba Loca and Los Sombreros Formations and the Paleogene-Neogene Vallecito and Rodeo Formations. The oldest units form the he [...] ights, Sierra Negra de Rodeo and Sierra de los Túneles, which are limited in their eastern flanks by the La Tranca and Los Blanquitos overthrusts, and by the angular unconformity underlying Rodeo Formation in their western ones. The regional folds show asymmetrical shapes and a wavelength comparable to the width of the Sierras, but minor structures ranging from meters to tens of meters are very common in their eastern limbs. Regional folds axis trend varies from Az 315 to Az 360 and the vergence of pre-carboniferous and andean structures point to the east, what makes very difficult to use orientation as a criterion to discriminate the differentiated deformational episodes. The comparison of sedimentological and structural features in the Rodeo area with those at the San Juan River evidences strong similarities but also important differences. Among the first ones, it can be mentioned the lithological and structural resemblance of the Ordovician units, which show NS trending axis in the eastern outcrops and point N-NW in the western ones. Main differences are the absence -in the Rodeo area- of the metapelites of the Silurian Calingasta Formation. and that of the conglomerates and rhythmites of the Devonian (?) El Planchón Formation. present in the San Juan River section.

  17. Project "Conservation, Restoration, and Development of the Juan Fernández islands, Chile" Proyecto conservación, restauración y desarrollo de las islas Juan Fernández, Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JAIME G. CUEVAS

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available From a scientific point of view, the Juan Fernández islands contain one of the most interesting floras of the planet. Although protected as a National Park and a World Biosphere Reserve, 400 years of human interference have left deep traces in the native plant communities. Repeated burning, overexploitation of species, and the introduction of animal and plant plagues have taken 75 % of the endemic vascular flora to the verge of extinction. In 1997, Chile's national forest service (Corporación Nacional Forestal, CONAF started an ambitious project, whose objective is the recovery of this highly complex ecosystem with a socio-ecological focus. Juan Fernández makes an interesting case, as the local people (600 persons practically live within the park, therefore impeding the exclusion of the people from any conservation program. Secondly, the relatively small size of the archipelago (100 km² permits the observation of the effects of whatever modification in the ecosystem on small scales in time and space. Thirdly, the native and introduced biota are interrelated in such a way that human-caused changes in one species population may provoke unexpected results amongst other, non-target species. The project mainly deals with the eradication or control of some animal and plant plagues, the active conservation and restoration of the flora and the inclusion of the local people in conservation planning. This article presents the park's general problems, the strategy proposed to resolve them as well as some preliminary results. This project shows the complexity of the conservation activities in practice, with diverse and complex interrelations and gaps in ecological knowledge. In this respect, the project may well serve as a model for similar programs in other placesLas islas Juan Fernández albergan una de las floras más interesantes del planeta desde el punto de vista científico. Aunque están protegidas como Parque Nacional y Reserva Mundial de la Biosfera, más de 400 años de intervención humana han dejado una profunda huella en sus comunidades de plantas nativas. Los repetidos incendios, sobreexplotación de especies y la introducción de plagas animales y vegetales, han colocado al 75 % de la flora vascular endémica bajo amenaza de extinción. En 1997, la Corporación Nacional Forestal de Chile (CONAF dio inicio a un ambicioso proyecto, cuyo propósito es recuperar este ecosistema de alta complejidad a través de un enfoque socio-ecológico. Juan Fernández constituye un caso interesante, debido a que la población local (600 personas prácticamente vive dentro del parque, por lo que no es posible excluir al humano de los programas de conservación. Segundo, el relativamente pequeño tamaño del archipiélago (100 km² permite la observación de los efectos de cualquier modificación en el ecosistema en pequeñas escalas en el tiempo y el espacio. Tercero, la biota nativa e introducida se relaciona de tal manera que la modificación de la abundancia de una especie por acción humana puede provocar resultados inesperados en otras especies no consideradas blanco. El proyecto comprende principalmente programas que buscan controlar o erradicar algunas de las plagas animales y vegetales, adopta medidas activas para conservar y restaurar la flora, así como también inserta al humano en los planes de conservación. En este trabajo se da a conocer la problemática general del parque, la estrategia que se ha seguido para resolver estos problemas, así como también se informan los primeros resultados. Este proyecto ilustra la complejidad para realizar labores de conservación en una situación práctica, con variadas y complejas interrelaciones, y con vacíos en el conocimiento ecológico. Por lo tanto, puede servir como modelo para realizar programas similares en otros lugares

  18. Diagnóstico y caracterización del arbolado del bosque de San Juan de Aragón / Diagnosis and characterization of the trees of the San Juan de Aragón forest

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Efraín, Velasco Bautista; Eunice Nayeli, Cortés Barrera; Antonio, González Hernández; Francisco, Moreno Sánchez; Héctor M., Benavides Meza.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Las ciudades son consideradas los ecosistemas más artificiales sostenidos por el hombre y se ha demostrado que en ellas se generan serios problemas ambientales. Por otra parte, la dasonomía urbana permite el estudio, manejo y mantenimiento de las especies arbóreas que se han establecido en áreas urb [...] anas; por ello, se realizó un diagnóstico general del Bosque de San Juan de Aragón, mediante un inventario completo de su arbolado, en el que se incluyeron variables cuantitativas y cualitativas. Se contabilizaron 88 especies, de las cuales siete representan 73.67% de los árboles; la etapa de desarrollo más común corresponde a árboles maduros (58.33%), seguida por la etapa juvenil (41.18%); en cuanto a la condición de vigor, 59.95% corresponde a los individuos vigorosos y 28.72% a declinaciones incipientes, mientras que el estado físico y sanitario del tronco y copa están dominados por las categorías bueno y regular. Se registraron 5 252 ejemplares que requieren, al menos, algún tipo de poda: las de restauración y limpieza son las más necesarias. El arbolado con riesgo asociado fue de 7.9% y solo 3.14% presentó algún tipo de fauna. En general, los bosques urbanos muestran baja diversidad de especies; sin embargo, la condición general del Bosque de San Juan de Aragón se admite como buena. Abstract in english Cities are considered the most artificial man-made ecosystems and have been shown to be the cause of serious environmental hazards. It is therefore crucial to preserve the urban green areas. On the other hand, urban forest science allows the study, management and maintenance of the tree species that [...] have been established in the cities. For this reason, a general diagnosis of the San Juan de Aragón Forest (Bosque San Juan de Aragón, BSJA) was carried out by means of a complete inventory of its trees, in which both quantitative and qualitative variables were included. 88 species were identified, of which seven account for 73.67% of the trees. The most common stage of development of the trees is maturity (58.33%), followed by youth (41.18%). As for their vigor, 59.95% are vigorous trees, while 28.72% show an incipient decline; the physical and sanitary condition of the stem and crown are dominated by the "good" and "fair" categories. 5 252 specimens were found to require at least some type of pruning; restorative and hygienic pruning are the most needed. The proportion of trees with an associated risk was 7.9%, and only 3.14% had some type of fauna. Overall, urban forests show a low diversity of species; however, their general condition is considered to be good.

  19. Estructura del paleozoico inferior en las nacientes del río Jachal, provincia de San Juan Lower Paleozoic structure in the headwaters of Río Jachal, San Juan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Sellés-Martínez

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Se describen e interpretan las estructuras desarrolladas en unidades ordovícicas, (Formaciones Yerba Loca y Los Sombreros y paleógenas-neógenas (Formaciones Vallecito y Rodeo aflorantes en la quebrada del río Jáchal entre el embalse Cuesta del Viento y Los Túneles. Las primeras forman las sierras Negra y de los Túneles, limitadas en sus bordes orientales por los sobrecorrimientos de la Tranca y los Blanquitos respectivamente y cubiertas en discordancia angular por la Formación Rodeo en los occidentales. El conjunto exhibe grandes pliegues asimétricos, de longitud de onda comparable con el ancho de las sierras, afectados por estructuras de escala hectométrica a métrica, más frecuentes en los limbos orientales, que son también los más tendidos. La orientación general de los ejes de los pliegues es variable desde Az 315 a Az 360, y la vergencia general de las estructuras pre-carboníferas y terciarias es hacia el este, lo que hace imposible el uso de su orientación para diferenciar su edad. La comparación de esta zona con los afloramientos de unidades coetáneas en las nacientes del río San Juan arroja semejanzas sedimentológicas y estructurales, pero también diferencias importantes. Entre las primeras se señalan las identidades litológicas y la presencia de unidades plegadas con ejes N-S sobre el sector oriental de los afloramientos y orientaciones al N-NO en el sector occidental. Entre las diferencias más importantes debe mencionarse la ausencia, en el área de Rodeo, de unidades silúricas equivalentes a la Formación Calingasta y de los conglomerados y ritmitas de la Formación El Planchón, aflorantes en el área del río San Juan.Structures cropping out in the Jachal Valley from the Cuesta del Viento dam to the locality of Los Tuneles are described and analyzed. These structures affect the Ordovician Yerba Loca and Los Sombreros Formations and the Paleogene-Neogene Vallecito and Rodeo Formations. The oldest units form the heights, Sierra Negra de Rodeo and Sierra de los Túneles, which are limited in their eastern flanks by the La Tranca and Los Blanquitos overthrusts, and by the angular unconformity underlying Rodeo Formation in their western ones. The regional folds show asymmetrical shapes and a wavelength comparable to the width of the Sierras, but minor structures ranging from meters to tens of meters are very common in their eastern limbs. Regional folds axis trend varies from Az 315 to Az 360 and the vergence of pre-carboniferous and andean structures point to the east, what makes very difficult to use orientation as a criterion to discriminate the differentiated deformational episodes. The comparison of sedimentological and structural features in the Rodeo area with those at the San Juan River evidences strong similarities but also important differences. Among the first ones, it can be mentioned the lithological and structural resemblance of the Ordovician units, which show NS trending axis in the eastern outcrops and point N-NW in the western ones. Main differences are the absence -in the Rodeo area- of the metapelites of the Silurian Calingasta Formation. and that of the conglomerates and rhythmites of the Devonian (? El Planchón Formation. present in the San Juan River section.

  20. Angustia y fe teologal en Kierkegaard y san Juan de la Cruz / Anguish and Theological faith in Kierkegaard and San Juan de la Cruz

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Lucero, González Suárez.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Se parte del planteamiento general de la perspectiva moderna que aún impera en la interpretación regular de la fe, para señalar sus insuficiencias. Posteriormente, se aborda la oposición entre universalidad ética y particularidad teológica, con base en las observaciones hechas por Kant y Kierkegaard [...] , respectivamente, a fin de determinar el ámbito de la fe y su independencia respecto de la moral. Hecho el deslinde entre el Dios de la fe y el Dios de las filósofos, se describen los rasgos fundamentales de la fe teologal, con base en el testimonio neotestamentario. Finalmente, se expone la concepción místico-religiosa de San Juan de la Cruz acerca de la fe como conocimiento oscuro amoroso, para luego aclarar en qué sentido la fe está íntimamente relacionada con el amor-ágape y la esperanza. Unidad que constituye la esencia de la actitud teologal. Abstract in english Be part of the overall approach of the modern perspective that still prevails in the interpretation regular of faith, to point out its shortcomings. Subsequently, deals with the opposition between ethical universality and particularity theological, based on observations made by Kant and Kierkegaard, [...] respectively, to determine the field of faith and independence from morality. Made the boundary between the God of faith and the God of the philosophers, describes the basic features of theological faith, based on the New Testament witness. Finally, we illustrate the mystical-religious conception of San Juan de la Cruz about faith as loving dark knowledge, then clarify in what sense faith is intimately linked to the love-agape and hope. Unit which is the essence of the theological attitude.

  1. LA CONSTRUCCIÓN RETÓRICA DEL CONFLICTO ARMADO EN EL DISCURSO DEL PRESIDENTE JUAN MANUEL SANTOS RHETORICAL CONSTRUCTION OF ARMED CONFLICT THROUGH THE PRESIDENTIAL ADDRESS OF JUAN MANUEL SANTOS

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    Giohanny Olave

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza el reconocimiento legal de la situación violenta en Colombia bajo la denominación de Conflicto armado interno, a través del discurso presidencial del 14 de mayo de 2011, en el marco de la polémica suscitada por el texto de la Ley 1448. El análisis está concentrado en el funcionamiento de la lógica argumental de Juan Manuel Santos a favor de tal reconocimiento, desde la perspectiva francesa de la argumentación retórica. En las conclusiones, se sostiene que el tratamiento de temas controversiales bajo políticas de la legalización y el consenso ideal, agravan la radicalización de las posiciones opuestas, y con ello, la polarización de la opinión pública, no ya en una aceptación de la diferencia a través de la coexistencia en el disenso, sino en la anulación (discursiva algunas veces, violenta y brutal en otras más del Otro como sujeto social.It analyzes the legal recognition of the violent situation in Colombia under the name of internal armed conflict, through the presidential address May 14, 2011, as part of the controversy by the 1448 Act. The analysis is focused on the operation of the logic of Juan Manuel Santos argument in favor of such recognition from the French perspective of rhetorical argument. In conclusion, it is argued that the treatment of controversial issues under legalization policies and consensus ideal, aggravate the radicalization of the opposing positions, and thus the polarization of public opinion, not an acceptance of difference coexistence through dissent, but the cancellation (discursive sometimes violent and brutal in others the Other as a social subject.

  2. Paleontología de la Formación Lagarcito (Cretácico inferior) en la provincia de San Juan, Argentina / Paleontology of the Lagarcito Formation (lower Cretaceous), San Juan province, Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mercedes B., Prámparo; Sara C., Ballent; Oscar F., Gallego; Juan P., Milana.

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan los primeros registros paleontológicos de la Formación Lagarcito (Albiano) provenientes de la sección La Yesera Sur, sobre la ladera oriental de la sierra de Guayaguas, en el sudeste de la provincia de San Juan, en el centro-oeste de Argentina. Varios episodios lacustres se detectaron a [...] lo largo del perfil, pero sólo en tres de ellos el contenido paleontológico y palinológico resultó abundante. Se describen e ilustran ocho especies de algas clorofíceas, tres de conchóstracos y once de ostrácodos no marinos. La asociación es indicadora de un ambiente lacustre somero, con buena disponibilidad de nutrientes en una primera etapa y alta evaporación, demostrado por la presencia de yeso interestratificado hacia la parte superior de cada episodio lacustre. Dos especies de conchóstracos son descriptas como nuevas: Dendrostracus lagarcitoensis Gallego sp. nov. y Pseudestherites rivarolai Gallego sp. nov. Abstract in english The first paleontological records from the Lagarcito Formation (Albian) in the eastern side of the sierra de Guayaguas (La Yesera Sur section), south-eastern San Juan Province, central-western Argentina, are presented. Although several lake episodes have been detected, only three of them have yielde [...] d abundant palynologic and paleontologic remains. Eight chlorophyte algal species, three conchostracan species and eleven non-marine ostracod species, are described and illustrated. The associations indicate a shallow lacustrine environment, that was initially rich in nutrients and with high levels of evaporation, as demonstrated by interstratified gypsum towards the top of each lacustrine episode. Two of the conchostracan species described are new: Dendrostracus lagarcitoensis Gallego sp. nov. and Pseudestherites rivarolai Gallego sp. nov.

  3. Eufáusidos de la zona central de Chile, archipiélago Juan Fernández e islas Desventuradas Euphausiids of central zone of Chile, Juan Fernández Archipelago and Desventuradas Islands

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    Armando Mujica

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Se describe la composición, distribución y abundancia de los eufáusidos capturados entre Valparaíso (33°0'S, 71°40'W, el archipiélago de Juan Fernández (33°37'S, 68°49'W y las islas Desventuradas (26°20'S, 80°00'W, entre septiembre y octubre de 2000. Se identificaron 22 especies pertenecientes a seis géneros {Euphausia, Nematobrachion, Nematoscelis, Stylocheiron, Thysanoessa y Thysanopoda. La mayor abundancia se encontró próxima a la costa de Valparaíso (6.238 ind 1000 m-3 , sólo constituida por Euphausia mucronata (62,3%. Las capturas estuvieron influenciadas por la migración vertical diaria, lo que generó una discontinuidad en la distribución horizontal de la mayoría de los eufáusidos, dada la profundidad del muestreo (0-200 m. Se estableció una relación inversa entre la abundancia de E. mucronata y Nematoscelis megalops y la concentración de oxígeno disuelto.The species composition, geographical distribution and abundance of the euphausiids, captured in 64 sampling stations between Valparaíso (33°0'S, 71°40'W, Juan Fernández Archipelago (33°37'S, 68°49'W and Desventuradas Islands (26°20'S, 80°00W between September and October 2000, were de-scribed. Between euphausiids adults, a total of 22 species belonging to six genera were identified {Euphausia, Nematobrachion, Nematoscelis, Stylocheiron, Thysanoessa and Thysanopoda. The higher abundance was found near Valparaíso (6,238 ind 1000 m-3, only integrated by Euphausia mucronata (62,3%. The captures were influenced by the diel vertical migration, which generated a horizontal discontinuity in the distribution of most of the euphausiids, due to the sampling depth (0-200 m. An inverse correlation was estabhshed between the abundance of E. mucronata and Nematoscelis megalops and the dissolved oxygen concentration.

  4. Los peces litorales del archipiélago de Juan Fernández (Chile): endemismo y relaciones ictiogeográficas / The littoral fishes of the Juan Fernandez archipelago (Chile): endemism and ichthyogeographical relationships

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Germán, Pequeño R.; Sylvia, Sáez B..

    Full Text Available A la luz del conocimiento actual de la composición ictiofaunística del archipiélago de Juan Fernández, se relacionaron aquellas especies de hábitos netamente litorales (inter y submareales), para analizar cuáles de ellas son endémicas del archipiélago y cuáles están representadas en otras regiones. [...] Las especies endémicas alcanzan 25,5%, aquellas representadas hacia el occidente el 19,6%, las representadas hacia el oriente 15,6%, las consideradas transpacíficas 9,8% y las comunes con el cercano archipiélago de Islas Desventuradas, 29,4%. Se reconoce que hay un vínculo ligeramente mayor con áreas polinésicas y el Pacífico Occidental, que con las costas sudamericanas propiamente tales. Esto da lugar a pensar en un respaldo a la idea que la región zoogeográfica del Pacífico Indico-Occidental, al menos en cuanto a peces, podría propagarse hasta estas islas oceánicas Abstract in english According to current knowledge on ichthyofaunistic composition of Juan Fernandez archipelago, those species typically littoral (inter and subtidal) were selected to analize which of them are endemic and which ones are represented in other regions. Endemic species correspond to 25.5%; those represent [...] ed westward are 19.6% and the eastward ones are 15.6%. Transpacific species represent 9.8% of the total, whereas 29.4% of the species are in common with Desventuradas islands. A slightly higher link with Polynesian and West Pacific areas is recognised, if compared with the proper Southamerican coastlines. This supports to give background to the idea that the Indo-West Pacific zoogeographic region, at least in relation to fishes, can be extended to this oceanic islands

  5. Angustia y fe teologal en Kierkegaard y san Juan de la Cruz Anguish and Theological faith in Kierkegaard and San Juan de la Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucero González Suárez

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Se parte del planteamiento general de la perspectiva moderna que aún impera en la interpretación regular de la fe, para señalar sus insuficiencias. Posteriormente, se aborda la oposición entre universalidad ética y particularidad teológica, con base en las observaciones hechas por Kant y Kierkegaard, respectivamente, a fin de determinar el ámbito de la fe y su independencia respecto de la moral. Hecho el deslinde entre el Dios de la fe y el Dios de las filósofos, se describen los rasgos fundamentales de la fe teologal, con base en el testimonio neotestamentario. Finalmente, se expone la concepción místico-religiosa de San Juan de la Cruz acerca de la fe como conocimiento oscuro amoroso, para luego aclarar en qué sentido la fe está íntimamente relacionada con el amor-ágape y la esperanza. Unidad que constituye la esencia de la actitud teologal.Be part of the overall approach of the modern perspective that still prevails in the interpretation regular of faith, to point out its shortcomings. Subsequently, deals with the opposition between ethical universality and particularity theological, based on observations made by Kant and Kierkegaard, respectively, to determine the field of faith and independence from morality. Made the boundary between the God of faith and the God of the philosophers, describes the basic features of theological faith, based on the New Testament witness. Finally, we illustrate the mystical-religious conception of San Juan de la Cruz about faith as loving dark knowledge, then clarify in what sense faith is intimately linked to the love-agape and hope. Unit which is the essence of the theological attitude.

  6. LA CAÍDA DE UNA ARTESANÍA: CESTERÍA EN SAN JUAN GUELAVIA, OAXACA / THE COLLAPSE OF A CRAFT: BASKETMAKING IN SAN JUAN GUELAVIA, OAXACA

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Jeffrey H, Cohen; Anjali, Browning; Francisco Alejandro, Montiel Ishino.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Los artesanos oaxaqueños son célebres por la calidad de sus trabajos, el éxito de sus negocios y la capacidad de sus productos para trascender en el espacio y el tiempo. Los tejedores de algodón y textiles de lana, los fabricantes de cerámica de barro y más recientemente talladores de madera, que ha [...] cen alebrijes (animales de madera pintada), producen artículos que son comprados y vendidos en el mercado internacional y son exhibidos mundialmente en las colecciones de museos. Sin embargo, hay artesanías en Oaxaca que no son viables en el mercado y no aparecen en colecciones internacionales. En este documento examinamos la producción de canastas en la comunidad de San Juan Guelavia. Argumentamos que la caída en el mercado refleja tres cambios críticos: primero, una disminución en el uso local; segundo, un alza en los costos de producción; y tercero, una falta de apoyo de exportadores y una incapacidad para involucrarse en el mercado de exportación. Abstract in english Oaxacan artisans are celebrated for the quality of their work, their business success, and the ability of their goods to transcend space and time. Weavers of cotton and woolen textiles, potters, and most recently wood carvers who make alebrijes (painted wooden animals) produce goods that are bought [...] and sold on the international market and appear in museum collections world-wide. Nevertheless, there are crafts in Oaxaca that are not viable in the current market and that do not show up in international collections. In this paper, we examine one such craft: basket making in the community of San Juan Guelavia. We argue that the decline in the market for these goods reflects several changes: first, a decline in local use; second, a rise in the costs of production; and third, a lack of support by exporters and an inability to engage the export or tourist markets. In response, local producers have moved into wage labor (locally and through migration) to secure their incomes.

  7. El grupo familiar de Juan Gil Patricio Morlete Ruiz, pintor novohispano / The family group of Juan Gil Patricio Morlete Ruiz, painter of New Spain

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Javier, Sanchiz.

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio contiene una revisión bibliográfica desde mediados del siglo XIX, sobre la figura de Juan Gil Patricio Morlete Ruiz, con la finalidad de establecer de forma escalonada cómo fue conformándose su biografía. La publicación del retrato de Carlos III contribuye a incrementar el conocimiento [...] de su obra, y la localización de su partida de defunción en la parroquia del Sagrario permite fijar definitivamente las fechas extremas de su vida (1713-1772). La reconstrucción de la familia de Morlete, realizada a partir de los registros sacramentales de la ciudad de México, descubre la existencia de 19 hijos, fruto de sus dos matrimonios y aporta algunas apreciaciones sobre las redes sociales establecidas por él mediante el compadrazgo, las cuales podrán ser de utilidad en futuros estudios para ahondar en la biografía del pintor. Abstract in english This article contains a biographical review dating from the mid nineteenth century, on the figure of Juan Patricio Morlete, aimed at establishing in phased manner how his biography was built up. The publication of the portrait of Carlos III contributes to increasing knowledge of his work, and the di [...] scovery of his death certificate in the Sagrario, the parish church annexed to Mexico City's cathedral, enables the extremes of his life to be fixed definitively as (1713-1772). The reconstruction of Morlete's family carried out on the basis of the city's sacramental records, reveals the existence of 19 children, product of his two marriages, and contributes some appreciations regarding the social networks established by him through compadrazgo, which may be of utility in future studies aimed at penetrating further into the biography of the painter.

  8. Un realismo de lo irreal: la imaginación material en la obra de Juan José Saer / Realism of the Unreal: Material Imagination in Juan José Saer's Works

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rafael, Arce.

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo propone una lectura de la narrativa de Juan José Saer desde la fenomenología de Gaston Bachelard. El análisis recae sobre tres novelas que se consideran representativas del autor argentino y consiste en una indagación de lo que Bachelard, en sus análisis poéticos, llama imaginación mate [...] rial. Tal noción permite reinscribir la interrogación sobre el realismo saeriano, pensado en general por la crítica en términos de representación y relacionado con un problema tópico de esta narrativa como es el de la percepción. La lectura no postula una simple traslación metodológica, sino que encuentra su potencial en el problema que implica el abordaje de una narración postulada como realista desde la fenomenología microscópica bachelardiana, elaborada para la poesía o para narraciones fantásticas. No se trata de un problema metodológico, sino interno a la narrativa saeriana: es la tensión entre la liberación de la imaginación material en una narración regulada por una imaginación formal que es la de la estructura novelística y las prerrogativas del verosímil realista. Abstract in english This article proposes to read Juan José Saer's narrative from the perspective of Gaston Bachelard's phenomenology. The analysis focuses on three novels, which are considered to be representative of the Argentine author, and inquires into which Bachelard calls material imagination in his poetic analy [...] ses. This notion allows to hypothesize about Saer's realism, which has been conceived in terms of representation and related to the topic of perception, especially in this narrative. This reading does not propose a simple methodological transfer but finds its potential in the realistic approach to a piece of writing carried out from the microscopic phenomenology of Bachelard, who studied mainly poetry and fantastic narratives. It is about an inherent problem to Saer's narrative, that is to say, the tension between liberation of material imagination in a narrative regulated by formal imagination, which is related to the novel structure and to the prerogatives of realistic verisimilitude.

  9. APORTES AL CONOCIMIENTO DE LA EVOLUCIÓN GEOLÓGICA DE LAS CUENCAS ATRATO Y SAN JUAN DENTRO DEL ARCO PANAMÁ-CHOCÓ / NEW CONSTRAINTS TO THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE GEOLOGICAL EVOLUTION OF ATRATO AND SAN JUAN BASINS, INSIDE PANAMÁ-CHOCÓ ARCH

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Geovany, Bedoya; Fabio, Cediel; Isabel, Restrepo-Correa; Carlos, Cuartas; Montenegro, Gustavo; Maria Isabel, Marin-Cerón; Jairo, Mojica; Rosa, Cerón.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo es una síntesis de la compilación, evaluación y re-interpretación de la información geológica, geofísica y geoquímica de las Cuencas Atrato y San Juan. En el área anteriormente denominada como Cuenca Chocó, hoy se distinguen dos cuencas Cenozoicas con tendencia N-S: (1) Cuenca Atrato y [...] (2) Cuenca San Juan. Se extienden en el rumbo por más de 280 km desde el delta actual del río San Juan en el suroeste, hasta el Arco de Panama s.s. en el Norte. El presente estudio define que estas cuencas están separadas por el Alto estructural de Istmina-Condoto que actúa como barrera intermitente, sirve de límite y conexión temporal de las dos cuencas, cada una con su propia historia geológica. La Cuenca Deltáica de San Juan presenta una acumulación de sedimentos de hasta 9 kilómetros (?), que comienza probablemente en el Paleoceno (?). La Cuenca de Antearco del Atrato alberga sedimentos con un espesor aproximado de 10 km. Tanto una como otra cuenca están suficientemente estructuradas, cada una en su propio estilo, siendo las fallas crecimiento las que controlan la cuenca Atrato y en la Cuenca San Juan, el estilo estructural está enmarcado por la deformación del Alto Istmina-Condoto y la Falla Garraptas; las estructuras, principalmente postmiocénicas, de dimensiones significativas, pueden ser trampas para acumulaciones importantes de hidrocarburos. Abstract in english The geological, geophysical and geochemical data pertaining the previously known as Choco Basin, was compiled and reinterpreted. Today, two distinc Cenozoic basins, the Atrato Basin and the San Juan Basin are identified, each with its own geological history. They are bounded by the Istmina- Condoto [...] Structural High, in fact, a paleo-high which intermitently acts as sedimentary barrier, i.e. source area. In the San Juan Delta Basin up to 9 km (?) of mainly clastic sediments were deposited, most probably since Paleocene time. In the Atrato Fore Arc Basin a 10 km thickness of Cenozoic sediments were seismically recorded. Both basins are sufficiently structured, as to produce potential hydrocarbon traps, mainly post-Miocene in age. The tecto-sedimentary framework in the San Juan Basin is controlled by the Istmina-Condoto Fault System in the NW and the Garrapatas Fault System in the SE. In the Atrato Basin the occurrence of growth faults is an outstanding feature.

  10. Saludo a un merecido Premio Nacional de Artes Musicales: Imágenes de Juan Pablo Izquierdo en dos hemisferios / Greetings to a Meritorious Recipient ofthe National Arts Prize in Music: Recollections ofJuan Pablo Izquierdo in Two Earth Hemispheres

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Juan, Orrego Salas.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo pasa revista a los contactos tanto en Chile como en los Estados Unidos de Juan Pablo Izquierdo con el compositor chileno Juan Orrego Salas, también galardonado con el Premio Nacional de Artes Musicales en 1992. Estos contactos se remontan a sesenta años atrás cuando Izquierdo inició es [...] tudios particulares de composición con Orrego Salas. Continuaron en Chile hasta los inicios de la década de 1960, cuando Izquierdo completó su preparación como director de orquesta y ofreció sus primeros conciertos. Se profundizaron en la década de 1980 en la Universidad de Indiana en Bloomington, en cuya Escuela de Música Juan Orrego Salas se desempeñó como profesor, además de fundar y ser el primer director del Latin American Music Center (Centro Latinoamericano de Música), después de su traslado definitivo a los Estados Unidos el año 1961. Además de la actividad de Juan Pablo Izquierdo en la Universidad de Indiana el artículo hace referencia a otros directores de orquesta de Chile y de América Latina que también han divulgado en Estados Unidos la música sinfónica de compositores chilenos y americanos. Abstract in english This article deals with the musical and personal contacts both in Chile and in the United States of Juan Pablo Izquierdo with the Chilean composer Juan Orrego-Salas, recipient of the National Arts Prize in Music in 1992. Approximately sixty years ago Izquierdo began taking private lessons in composi [...] tion with Orrego-Salas in Santiago, Chile. Both remained in contact until the out set of the l960's, a period in which Izquierdo completed his studies in orchestral conducting and offered his first concerts in Chile. Thereafter Orrego-Salas settled in the United States with his family in 1961. He became professor of composition at the School of Music of the University of Indiana, Bloomington, Besides he founded and was appointed as the first director of the Latin American Center at this institution. In the decade of the 1980's Juan Pablo Izquierdo took part in the activities of both the School of Music and the Latin American Music Center of the Indiana University. Apart from Juan Pablo Izquierdo, the article mentions the names of other orchestral conductors from Chile and Latin America who have presented symphonic works of Chilean and Latin American composers in the United States.

  11. Misiones sanitarias uruguayas en los terremotos de San Juan, Ambato y Managua

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Julio C, Priario; Verónica, Nieto.

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumo A experiência da medicina nacional neste tipo de desastres naturais foi registrada pelas missões sanitárias de auxilio nos terremotos de San Juan (1944), Ambato (1949) e Manágua (1972). Descreve-se detalhadamente a preparação da equipe de saúde, do equipamento e a realidade da zona de desastr [...] e, onde não havia hospitais em condições de funciona-mento. Por essa razão o grupo de auxilio foi instalado em cidades próximas ao epicentro aonde os hospitais man-tinham suas condições normais e não faltavam eletricidade nem água potável, o que possibilitou realizar imediata-mente as ações assistenciais. A experiência adquirida no primeiro terremoto em San Juan, Argentina, demonstrou a necessidade de uma equipe médica coerente, com as mesmas pautas terapêuticas e que estivesse composto fundamentalmente por traumato-logistas, pois a maioria dos pacientes apresentava fraturas. Com estas três experiências a traumatologia uruguaia definiu as diretrizes para outras possíveis missões e realizou pesquisa clínica que posteriormente foi publicada pelo Dr. José Luis Bado e seus colaboradores Abstract in spanish La experiencia de la medicina nacional en este tipo de desastres naturales fue recogida por las misiones sanitarias de auxilio en los terremotos de San Juan (1944), Ambato (1949) y Managua (1972). Se relata en forma pormenorizada la preparación del grupo sanitario, el equipamiento que se transportó, [...] así como la realidad de la zona del desastre, donde no había hospitales en condiciones de funcionar. Por lo tanto, el grupo de auxilio debió instalarse en ciudades vecinas al epicentro donde los hospitales estaban en condiciones normales, donde no faltaban la electricidad ni el agua potable, lo que permitía ponerse a realizar la tarea asistencial de inmediato. Se destaca que la experiencia recogida en el primer terremoto en San Juan (Argentina) motivó la necesidad de tener un equipo médico coherente, con las mismas pautas terapéuticas y también que estuviera constituido fundamentalmente por traumatólogos, ya que la inmensa mayoría de los pacientes serían fracturados. De estas tres experiencias la escuela de traumatología uruguaya marcará las directivas para posibles misiones futuras y, a la vez, realizará investigación clínica que posteriormente publicarán el Dr. José Luis Bado y colaboradores Abstract in english Summary The Uruguayan Medical and Sanitation Teams’ experience with natural disasters is based on the earthquakes in San Juan (1944), Ambato (1949) and Managua (1972). A thorough description of the sanitary team, the equipment transported and the conditions found in the earthquake disaster area, whe [...] re hospitals were not operating is presented. The assistance team had to settle in nearby cities where hospitals were functioning under normal conditions, with normal electricity and water supplies, enabling the first aid to be provided to the victims immediately. We stress that the experience gained in the first earthquake, in San Juan (Argentina), calls for the need to have a constant medical team, whose members would share the same therapeutic guidelines, and that would also be mainly trained formed by traumatologists -since the majority of victims would have suffered fractures. Based on these three experiences, the Uruguayan School of Traumatology will draw out the guidelines for future missions, and conduct clinical research for to be published by Dr. José Luis Bado and others.

  12. Community-based enterprises and the commons: The case of San Juan Nuevo Parangaricutiro, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandra Orozco-Quintero

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Commons scholarship has tended to focus on the administration and use of commons by individuals and households and less so on collective enterprises that extract, transform and market what they harvest from the commons. In this paper, we consider Nuevo San Juan, a Mexican case that is well known in the community forestry and commons literature. In San Juan, indigenous community members who hold the rights for the commons are also the members of the enterprise that transforms and markets goods from the commons. We argue that such a strategy is one way to confront internal and external pressures on a commons. We draw upon the transcripts of 40 interviews undertaken during 2006 which are analyzed using a framework developed from the social, community-based and indigenous enterprise literature. Our goal was to utilize this framework to analyze the San Juan Forest Enterprise and understand its emergence and formation as a long-standing community-based enterprise that intersects with a commons, and thereby identify factors that increase chances of success for community enterprises. We found that by starting from the community-based and indigenous enterprise literature and using that literature to engage with thinking on commons, it was possible to consider the enterprise from the perspective of a regulatory framework rather than from the poles of dependency and modernization theories in which much commons work has been based. Enterprise and commons intersect when both are guided by core cultural values and the enterprise can become a new site for the creation of social and cultural cohesion. We also found that there were a number of necessary conditions for commons-based community-enterprises to retain internal and external legitimacy, namely: (1 leadership representative of the broad social mission rooted in the customary institutions, values and norms of the community; (2 accountability of enterprise leaders to the memberships they represent; and (3 a close adherence to the political goals of the community as a whole.

  13. Dengue Fever Trends and Climate Change in San Juan, Puerto Rico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muller-Karger, F. E.; Mendez-Lazaro, P.; Otis, D. B.; McCarthy, M.; Pena-Orellana, M.

    2014-12-01

    Climate change has important implications for public health. We developed and tested the hypothesis that conditions for dengue fever transmission in San Juan (Puerto Rico, USA) are becoming favorable as a result of meteorological drivers being modified with climate change. Sea level pressure, mean sea level (MSL), wind, sea surface temperature (SST), air surface temperature (AST), rainfall, and confirmed dengue cases were variables examined over the past 30 years, or longer for some variables. Statistical tools used included Principal Component Analysis, Pearson correlation coefficient, Mann-Kendall trend tests, and logistic regressions. Results show that dry days are increasing and that wet days are decreasing. MSL is steadily increasing, which increases the risk of dengue cases along the coast, as the perimeter of the San Juan Bay estuary expands and the shoreline moves inland. Warming is evident in both SST and AST. Maximum and minimum air surface temperature extremes have also increased. Incidence of dengue is accelerating along with environmental change. For example, between 2000-2011, dengue transmission increased by a factor of 3.4 (95% CI: 1.9-6.1) for each 1ºC increase in SST. Between 2007 and 2011, this risk factor increased to 5.2 (95% CI: 1.9-13.9) for every 1ºC increase in SST. An important but difficult to examine problem is how social and economic factors affect such dengue fever transmission rates in light of environmental change. A concern is that the patterns observed in San Juan are representative of potential incidence of dengue virus in other parts of the island of Puerto Rico and in other Caribbean nations. These results help understand patterns of disease spreading, and allow public health officials to evaluate scenarios and interventions intended to mitigate the impacts of climate change.

  14. Utilisation de l'espace dans la communauté de San Juan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1975-01-01

    Full Text Available Quelques aspects de la mise en valeur et de l'exploitation agro-pastorale du terroir de San Juan sont présentés à l'aide d'une série de cartes et de tableaux: carte de l'intensité de l'utilisation annuelle de la terre, circuit annuel du bétail, système foncier, évolution de l'irrigation au cours de l'année, rotation des cultures à proximité du village, rotation de terres d'altitude, évolution du bétail et enfin systèmes de mise en valeur du sol, on étudie en conclusion deux types d'évolution possibles de ce village. -Una serie de mapas y de cuadros presenta algunos aspectos del manejo y de 1a explotación agropastoral del terruño de la Comunidad de San Juan, teniendo en cuenta las limitaciones naturales ,y socioculturales: mapa de la intensidad del uso anual de la tierra con respecto al riego, rotación del ganado durante el año, sistema predial, evolución del riego a lo largo del año, rotación de los cultivos entre los corrales ubicados cerca del pueblo, rotación de los cultivos en las tierras de altura, evolución del ganado y sistemas de uso del suelo. Se examinan en conclusión dos tipos de evolución posibles para el pueblo. Some aspects of agro-pastoral management and exploitation in the San Juan lands are presented with a series of maps and tables: map of annual land utilization intensity, annual cattle rotation, land tenure system, irrigation process during the year, rotation of crops near the village, rotation of altitude lands, cattle evolution and soil use systems. Finally, two possible types of evolution for this village are discussed.

  15. The Crownpoint and Churchrock uranium deposits, San Juan Basin, New Mexico: An ISL mining perspective

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Crownpoint and Churchrock uranium deposits, San Juan Basin, New Mexico are currently being developed by Uranium Resources, Inc. (URI) and its subsidiary Hydro Resources, Inc. (HRI) with an anticipated start-up in 1998. Both deposits will be developed using advanced in situ leach (ISL) mining techniques. URI/HRI currently has about 14,583 t U (37.834 million pounds U3O8) of estimated recoverable reserves at Crownpoint and Churchrock. at a cost less than $39/kg U ($15/lb U3O8). The uranium endowment of the San Juan Basin is the largest of any province in the USA. In March, 1997, a Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) for the Crownpoint and Churchrock sites was completed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission which recommends the issuance of an operating license. The FEIS is the culmination of a 9 year effort to license and develop the deposits. The Westwater Canyon Member of the Jurassic Morrison Formation is an arkosic, fine to coarse grained sandstone bounded by near basinwide confining clays deposited in a wet alluvial fan environment within the San Juan Basin. The primary, trend-ore deposits are hosted by the Westwater Canyon Member as humate-rich, syngenetic tabular deposits which were subsequently remobilized into roll fronts. Since deposition in the Jurassic, two phases of remobilization have occurred in the basin causing the formation of in situ leach amenable monometallic uranium rolls free of organic debris. Following in situ mining, ground water restoration of the Crownpoint and Churchrock mines is required to provide a water quality consistent with pre-mining baseline conditions. The development of in situ mining offers an environmentally sound and cost-effective method for uranium extraction. URI/HRI anticipates a production of 385-1,156 Tonnes U/year (1-3 million pounds U3O8) from the New Mexico properties. (author)

  16. PRELIMINARY GEOID MODEL IN SAN JUAN PROVINCE: A CASE STUDY IN THE ANDES

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tocho, Claudia; Miranda, Silvia

    2008-01-01

    A high-resolution and high-precision detailed gravimetric geoid has been computed for San Juan province in Argentina, ranging from 27 degrees S to 34 degrees S in latitude and 72 degrees W to 65 degrees W in longitude. The gravimetric geoid was calculated using the RTM method, a multiband spherical Stokes Fast Fourier Transformation, and the removerestore technique for the spherical harmonic reference field and the terrain. As an external evaluation, the gravimetric quasigeoid/geoid was compared to the geoid heights obtained from 90 GPS/levelling points available for the province. Finally, a GPS-tailored local geoid, which fits the GPS observations, was computed.

  17. SOCIAL MANAGEMENT OF IRRIGATION WATER IN THE SAN JUAN EJIDO, URIREO, SALVATIERRA, GUANAJUATO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julieta Aidee Díaz-Rosillo

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In irrigated agriculture, producers are responsible for the management and administration of multiple common resources, among which include land and water. These common resources are used jointly by the whole community and in the same way are removed, depending on the needs of each individual. In the case of well 15 in the Ejido San Juan, has been maintained to be administered only by users without needing them, so far, the involvement of people outside the community or any government body for best results.

  18. Juan Bautista Ferro o la cotidianidad del filosofar. Fragmentos de un testimonio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roque Carrión

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available La filosofía y el filosofar adquieren en la vida de Juan Bautista Ferro lasdimensiones propias de un auténtico pensar que se reflejó en cada acción,en el discurrir diario de la vida académica universitaria o en las "tertuliasrnonologantes" que el propio Ferro concertaba con sus amigos en su casao en plena calle. Ferro fue el ejemplo vivo de una tradición filosófica quecentra su acción sobre el propio filósofo, y el cultivo de la "oralidad" corno"método" para enseñar a aprender. El texto muestra todo esto a través deuna reconstrucción testimonial.

  19. Sor Juana y el siglo XIX: notas sobre el estudio de Juan María Gutiérrez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mar\\u00EDa Guadalupe Correa Chiarotti

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo estudia las estrategias ideológico-discursivas desplegadas por Juan María Gutiérrez en su ensayo sobre la vida y obra de sor Juana Inés de la Cruz. Se analiza la lectura que hace un crítico decimonónico de la más grande poeta novohispana, un defensor del credo independentista (y, por lo mismo, profundamente antihispánico de una escritora colonial. En última instancia, lo que se pretende dilucidar es cómo el romanticismo rioplatense asume la conflictiva herencia del virreinato y cómo el ensayo de Gutiérrez se inscribe en el debate en torno a la incorporación de América en el concierto de la cultura occidental.

  20. Colecistectomía abierta versus laparoscópica: experiencia en el Hospital San Juan de Dios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan José Zúñiga-Vargas

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available La cirugía laparoscópica es una técnica mínimamente invasiva de uso cotidiano en el ámbito mundial. Desde hace quince años, la colecistectomía laparoscópica es un procedimiento seguro y muy valioso a disposición del cirujano. Este estudio tiene como fin comparar los resultados de la colecistectomía laparoscópica en el Hospital San Juan de Dios con la técnica de la colecistectomía abierta ó tradicional. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de todos los pacientes colecistectomizados desde julio de 1996 a junio de 1999, en el Hospital San Juan de Dios en Costa Rica. Al comparar las dos técnicas quirúrgicas (clásica y laparoscópica, se consideró la evolución posoperatoria y las posibles complicaciones que aparecen posteriores al acto quirúrgico. Además se buscaron las contraindicaciones que dicha técnica pudiese tener. Resultados : Fueron revisados un total de 3193 pacientes colecistectomizados, de los cuales 476 fueron operados por laparoscopia. Se tuvo en éstas menos complicaciones posquirúrgicas y menor estancia posoperatoria que en las colecistectomías abiertas. También se notó una disminución paulatina del tiempo quirúrgico en los actos por laparoscopia. Conclusión: Se comprueban las ventajas de la cirugía invasiva mínima y se documenta que este tipo de abordaje es más seguro y beneficioso para el paciente y para el médico mismo.Justification: Today, laparoscopic surgery as a least invasive technique is widely used in the world. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a valuable and safe technique and is has been available to the general surgeon for the last 15 years. In Costa Rica it has become a pretty common procedure with great results but they have not been well studied and documented. This study aims to expose part of the work that takes place at the Hospital San Juan de Dios with laparoscopic cholecystectomy and highlights the results in contrast with those of traditional cholecystectomy. Methodology: Aretrospective study was conducted of all the cholecystectomies performed at the Hospital San Juan de Dios in Costa Rica from July 1996 to June 1999. A comparative analysis between the classic and the laparoscopic approach was completed considering post-operative evolution and postoperative complications. Results: A total of 3193 cholecystectomies, were reviewed, 476 were laparoscopic cholecystectomies, they had less post-operative complications and less post-operative recovery time as opposed to the open cholecystectomies. The study showed further a progressive diminution of the operative time in the laparoscopic group. Conclusions : Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a safe procedure and it carries several advantages both for thepatient and the surgeon.

  1. El «Plan de las inmediaciones» del Observatorio Astronómico: Un Proyecto desaparecido de Juan de Villanueva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laca Menéndez de Luarca, Luis Ramón

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper reconstructs the "plan de las inmediaciones" ("project for the surroundings" hypothetically composed by Juan de Villanueva for Madrid Observatorio Astronómico, today disappeared. The data emanated from the drawing dedied to the Observatorio by Isidro Velazquez, Villanueva's best disciple, as well as from the parcel, allow to draw the perfect integration between the building and the surrounding landscape. Because of a number of circumstances two important elements are losten, the original access building and the great 25 feet telescope. Nevertheless, the restoration of the scene conceived by Villanueva, and later drawn by Velazquez, is still perfectly possible.No disponible

  2. Juan Manuel López-Muñoz, Sophie Marnette, Laurence Rosier, Diane Vincent (dir.. La circulation des discours

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grégoire LACAZE

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage collectif, dirigé par Juan Manuel López Muñoz, Sophie Marnette, Laurence Rosier et Diane Vincent et paru en 2009 aux Éditions Nota Bene, est une publication qui fait suite au 3e colloque Ci-dit organisé à l’Université de Laval (Québec du 5 au 7 octobre 2006. L’objet d’étude est le discours rapporté envisagé cette fois en tant que « pratique de discours » et « pratique intersubjective et sociale » (7.Lorsqu’un discours est produit par un locuteur origine, ce discours peut être ra...

  3. Monitoreo de la calidad de datos GPS continuo: la estacion UNSJ (San Juan, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Herrada

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Como parte de la red de referencia de operación continua de Argentina, la estación GPS (Global Positioning System denominada UNSJ (Universidad Nacional de San Juan fue establecida en la ciudad de San Juan el 6 de Marzo de 2007. Los datos registrados de UNSJ son ampliamente utilizados en aplicaciones catastrales, y sirven como base para la definición de los marcos de referencia geodésicos nacional y regional. Como una componente fundamental de la infraestructura geodésica, resulta conveniente un eficiente control de calidad de los datos crudos y el monitoreo de la estabilidad de una estación GPS de referencia. En este trabajo se presentan los resultados del control de calidad de las observaciones UNSJ luego de dos anos de operación. Para contro l ar y caracterizar el desempeno del receptor GPS y además el medio ambiente de la estación, se eligieron cuatro índices. Ellos son el número de observaciones, multicamino en L1, multicamino en L2 y ocurrencia de saltos de ciclos. También, se evaluó la estabilidad de largo término de la estación UNSJ a través del análisis de las series temporales de las coordenadas semanales provistas por los centros de cálculo SIRGAS (Sistema de Referencia Geocéntrico para las Américas. Completa este estudio el análisis de las coordenadas calculadas por distintos servicios de procesamiento disponibles en Internet. Nuestros resultados indican que durante el período analizado, el funcionamiento de la estación UNSJ fue satisfactorio, produciendo índices de calidad que son aceptables para estándares internacionales.As a part of the Argentine continuously operating reference station network, a GPS (Global Positioning System station named UNSJ (Universidad Nacional de San Juan was established in San Juan city on 6th March 2007. The recorded data of UNSJ are widely applied to cadastral surveys and serve as the basis for defining national and regional geodetic reference frames. As a key component of the geodetic infrastructure, an efficient quality control of raw data and stability monitoring of a GPS reference station is highly convenient. In this study, results of quality control of the UNSJ observations after two year of operation are reported. In order to check and characterize the receiver performance and the station environment, four indices were chosen. They are the number of observations, multipath on L1, multipath on L2 and cycle slips occurrence. Also, the long term stability of UNSJ station was evaluated through the analysis of weekly coordinate time series provided by the SIRGAS (Geocentric Reference System for the Americas calculus centers. The analysis of the coordinates derived from different online processing services completes this study. The results indicate that during the analyzed period, the functioning of the station UNSJ was satisfactory, producing qualit indexes that are acceptable to international standards.

  4. Aquifer-protection considerations of coalbed methane methane development in the San Juan basin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Coalbed methane development in the San Juan basin has caused concern about several environmentally related health, safety, and remediation issues. This paper presents the findings of four groundwater-sampling programs and aquifer-protection work on producing wells and deep cathodic-protection groundbeds. The study concludes that Fruitland coal gas can migrate vertically behind uncemented wellbores that offset Fruitland coal gas wells, that remedial cementing of offsetting producing wells is feasible but costly, and that methane detected in domestic water wells near Fruitland coal development cannot be correlated directly to Fruitland coal gas development

  5. La inscripción de Santa María de Castrelos. Un testimonio epigráfico de la O.M. de San Juan

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    Otero Piñeyro Maseda, Pablo S.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The inscription dating 1216 belonging to the church of Santa Maria de Castrelos (Vigo, Spain linked to the Knights Hospitallars order of San Juan of Malta is studied; its epigraphic, chronological and historical aspects are also analyzed. Its content allows us to compare both the Knights Hospitallars order in Portugal and in León.

    Se estudia la inscripción del año 1216 de la iglesia de Santa María de Castrelos (Vigo, Pontevedra, España, vinculada a la Orden Hospitalaria de San Juan de Malta; se analizan sus aspectos epigráficos, cronológicos e históricos. Su contenido permite establecer relaciones entre los Hospitalarios de Portugal y de León.

  6. Energy. Inspiration for the future. Essays in honour of Jos Bruggink's retirement from ECN

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boonekamp, P.; De Coninck, H. (eds.)

    2011-07-15

    This 'liber amoricum' is published at the occasion of the retirement of Jos Bruggink, who worked for the unit Policy Studies of the Energy research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) from 1979 to July 2011. The central theme in this volume is: Is it useful at all to study the energy future? This book collects views on the future of a number of energy-related issues. Marc Londo and Wim Sinke give their views on biomass and solar energy. Piet Boonekamp reflects on studying the energy future for the Netherlands and concludes that despite all our efforts there has been limited progress towards a secure, affordable and clean energy supply. However, in any energy future, energy savings is a 'no-brainer'. Pieter Boot analyses the ambition and progress on a sustainable energy system in four Northwestern European countries, and how coordination between them could help transition. Dolf Gielen discusses the role of innovation in all of this, and Bob van der Zwaan and Hilke Rosler talk about whether we can foretell anything at all about that process. Are the billions of people without access to modern energy finally going to get connected and what policy does that take? Jan Cloin and Tineke Roholl reflect on this question, while Raouf Saidi and Rahul Barua wonder about the promise of improved cook stoves. Lastly, Heleen de Coninck asks what international developments mean for climate change, and what institutions matter? The titles of the essays are (1) Changing views in Dutch policy making and support by ECN; (2) Changes in Northwest European energy systems: different views, no coordination yet; (3) Energy technology and innovation policy: the value added of models; (4) Long-term energy scenarios: Why?; (5) The silent revolution: solar energy on its way to large-scale use; (6) The trouble with biofuels; (7) Markets for Clean Cookstoves: A Think Piece for Development Cooperation Positioning; (8) Climate mitigation and energy for all: is there a role for international collaboration?; (9) Energy and Development Policy: How to obtain universal access in 2060?.

  7. NOTICIAS DE JUAN RECIO DE LEÓN, DESCUBRIDOR Y REPOBLADOR EN TIPUANE, CHUNCHOS Y PAITITE (actual Bolivia) / News from Juan Recio de León, Discoverer and Settler of Tipuane, Chunchos and Paitite (modern day Bolivia)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ignacio, Arellano.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo ofrece una aproximación a la figura de Juan Recio de León, descubridor y repoblador de las zonas de Tipuane, Chunchos y Paitite y a sus memoriales entre los que destaca la Relación de los servicios que Juan Recio de León... ha hecho a su majestad de más de veinte años a esta parte y Br [...] eve relación, ambos documentos de 1623. Estos dos textos resultan de especial interés por las noticias que aportan sobre la flora, fauna y costumbres de los indios. Abstract in english The article offers an approximation to the figure of Juan Recio de León, discoverer and settler of Tipuane, Chunchos and Paitite, and to his memorials, particularly his Relación de los servicios que Juan Recio de León… ha hecho a su majestad de más de veinte años a esta parte and Breve relación, bot [...] h of 1623. These texts have special interest because of the information that they present about the flora, fauna and the customs of the natives.

  8. Wittgenstein y la teoría contemplativa del significado Observaciones a la tesis de Juan Abugattás

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    Álvaro Revolledo Novoa

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo consiste en una lectura crítica de la interpretación que realiza el filósofo peruano Juan Abugattás en torno a la “teoría contemplativa” del Tractatus Logico Philosophicus (TLP de Ludwig Wittgenstein. En particular, se encarga de revisar la tesis de Bachiller de Juan Abugattás en la que afirma que la teoría del significado del TLP es reemplazada por la teoría del uso en la obra posterior de Wittgenstein. El objetivo central de este ensayo es demostrar que la teoría del significado del TLP no es, como pretende Abugattás, una mera teoría contemplativa, y que la teoría del significado de las Philosophische Bemerkungen (Ph. B., a diferencia de lo que sostiene Abugattás, aun mantiene intacta la perspectiva del TLP respecto de cómo el lenguaje puede permitirnos conocer el mundo. En ambos casos, sostengo que la teoría del significado del TLP obedece a una respuesta a la crítica lingüística de Mauthner y sus consecuencias en el plano del conocimiento.Palabras claves: Wittgenstein, teoría del significado, Tractatus Logico Philosophicus, lenguaje, conocimiento.

  9. Progressive migration and anagenesis in Drimys confertifolia of the Juan Fernández Archipelago, Chile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Sepúlveda, Patricio; Takayama, Koji; Greimler, Josef; Crawford, Daniel J; Peñailillo, Patricio; Baeza, Marcelo; Ruiz, Eduardo; Kohl, Gudrun; Tremetsberger, Karin; Gatica, Alejandro; Letelier, Luis; Novoa, Patricio; Novak, Johannes; Stuessy, Tod F

    2015-01-01

    A common mode of speciation in oceanic islands is by anagenesis, wherein an immigrant arrives and through time transforms by mutation, recombination, and drift into a morphologically and genetically distinct species, with the new species accumulating a high level of genetic diversity. We investigate speciation in Drimys confertifolia, endemic to the two major islands of the Juan Fernández Archipelago, Chile, to determine genetic consequences of anagenesis, to examine relationships among populations of D. confertifolia and the continental species D. winteri and D. andina, and to test probable migration routes between the major islands. Population genetic analyses were conducted using AFLPs and nuclear microsatellites of 421 individuals from 42 populations from the Juan Fernández islands and the continent. Drimys confertifolia shows a wide genetic variation within populations on both islands, and values of genetic diversity within populations are similar to those found within populations of the continental progenitor. The genetic results are compatible with the hypothesis of high levels of genetic variation accumulating within anagenetically derived species in oceanic islands, and with the concept of little or no geographical partitioning of this variation over the landscape. Analysis of the probability of migration within the archipelago confirms colonization from the older island, Robinson Crusoe, to the younger island Alejandro Selkirk. PMID:25292282

  10. Secretarios y escribanos en el gobierno de las Indias: El caso de Juan de Sámano

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Margarita, Gómez Gómez.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Juan de Sámano, escribano y secretario del Consejo de Indias en tiempos de Carlos I, consiguió del monarca el monopolio de las Escribanías Mayores de Gobierno y de las Audiencias y Chancillerías de Indias. En este estudio se analiza cómo consiguió tal privilegio y la importancia que sus circunstanci [...] as familiares y profesionales tuvieron en su concesión. El objetivo es profundizar en el conocimiento de los oficios de la pluma y sus prácticas documentales, sus tipos y variantes, así como, en las estrategias y capacidades de poder que algunos generaron. Abstract in english Juan de Sámano, notary and secretary of the Council of the Indies under Charles I, got from the King the monopoly on Escribanías Mayores de Gobierno and Audiencias y Chancillerías (Royal Audiencia). This study discusses how he got this privilege and the importance that his family and his professiona [...] l circumstances had in this concession. The aim is to deepen the know ledge of the offices of the pen and their documentary practices, and also in their types and variants, as well as the strategies and power that some of them generated.

  11. Endeavour Segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge: One of the Most Remarkable Places on Earth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deborah S. Kelley

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Endeavour Segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge is one of three Integrated Study Sites for the Ridge 2000 Program. It is a remarkable, dynamic environment hosting five major hydrothermal fields, numerous smaller fields, and myriad diffuse-flow sites; magma chambers underlie all fields. Over 800 individual extinct and active chimneys have been documented within the central ~ 15 km portion of the ridge, with some edifices reaching 50 m across and up to 45 m tall. Fluid flow is focused along faults within the rift zone, and seismically active faults along the western axial valley wall have been used by both magmas and upwelling hydrothermal fluids. There is significant chemical heterogeneity in basalt compositions within the axial rift valley, with the greatest diversity occurring near the base of the western axial valley wall where normal, transitional, and enriched type mid-ocean ridge basalts occur within tens of meters of each other. Endeavour is the only site where seismic intensity has been linked directly to heat flux at the individual vent field scale. Installation of the world's first high-power and high-bandwidth cabled observatory at Endeavour via NEPTUNE Canada ensures that new discoveries along the Juan de Fuca Ridge will continue into the future.

  12. ACTIVIDAD MICROBIANA EN SUELOS Y SEDIMENTOS EN EL SISTEMA CÓRDOBA JUAN AMARILLO, BOGOTÁ D.C.

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Laura Emilia, Cerón Rincón; Eduardo, Ramírez Valencia.

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Las cuencas hidrográficas en Bogotá D.C. son complejos sistemas ambientales que han sufrido graves alteraciones dadas por la urbanización, la actividad agrícola y ganadera y actividades industriales. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar el estado de dos cuencas urbanas en Bogotá D. C. en el sist [...] ema Córdoba - Juan Amarillo, a través de algunos indicadores de salud y calidad de suelos, las actividades enzimáticas: deshidrogenasa, fosfatasa alcalina, fosfatasa ácida y o-difenol oxidasa y las fracciones de carbono activo, para evaluar su condición. Se recomienda el uso de dichas actividades como parámetro de evaluación en programas de manejo ambiental para el sistema. Abstract in english The river basins of Bogotá D.C. are environmentaly complex systems which have suffered serious alterations by urbanization, agricultural, livestock and industrial activities. The purpose of this study was to compare the status of two urban river basins in Bogotá D.C. for the Córdoba - Juan Amarillo [...] system, through soil health and quality index, the enzymatic activities (dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase, acid phosphatase, and o-diphenoloxidase) and active carbon fractions. The use of such activities as evaluation parameters for the environmental management program for the system is recommended.

  13. Tomographic imaging of the Cascadia subduction zone: Constraints on the Juan de Fuca slab

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chuanxu; Zhao, Dapeng; Wu, Shiguo

    2015-04-01

    We used 40,343 P-wave arrival times from 1883 local earthquakes and 105,455 P-wave arrivals from 6361 teleseismic events to study the detailed structure of the Cascadia subduction zone. We conducted tomographic inversions using a starting velocity model which includes the high-velocity subducting Juan de Fuca slab as a priori information. A number of such slab-constrained inversions are conducted by changing the slab thickness and the velocity contrast between the slab and the surrounding mantle. Our optimal 3-D velocity model fits the data much better than that determined by an inversion with a 1-D homogeneous starting model. Our results show that the subducting Juan de Fuca slab has a thickness of 30-50 km and a P-wave velocity of 1-3% higher than that of the surrounding mantle. Beneath the northern and southern parts of the Cascadia, P-wave velocity is lower in the slab and along the slab interface, which may reflect a more hydrated slab and more active slab dehydration there. The lateral velocity variations may indicate different degrees of slab dehydration and forearc mantle serpentinization. The segmentation in episodic tremor and slip (ETS) is also spatially coincident with the velocity heterogeneities, indicating that the ETS occurrence and recurrence interval are controlled by fluid activity in and around the mantle wedge corner.

  14. El amor: duelo y encuentro en la poesía de Juan Antonio Massone

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Miguel, Angel Godoy.

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo expone ricas facetas del motivo amatorio presentes en la obra poética de Juan Antonio Massone. Factor importante y decidor en varios de sus libros, obtiene en este estudio un trato pormenorizado y pleno de matices. Los capítulos están rotulados con versos del poeta y cada uno des [...] arrolla un aspecto esencial de esta acepción afectiva. Desde el desamparo al júbilo, tanto como los significados de compañía y orfandad, conforman un amplio registro de esta voz lírica que, en la interioridad dramática de la presencia ausente del amor y en la ilimitación ansiada de un encuentro perdurable, confirma algunos de sus rasgos más sobresalientes que contrastan con la exteriorización prevaleciente en la literatura de las últimas décadas Abstract in english This work displays rich motives of amatory stages present in this poetic compilation of Juan Antonio Massone. The study obtains a detailed treatment filled with various shades, important and decisive factor in divers books of the author. The chapters are inscribed with the poets verses, and each one [...] develops an essencial aspect of an affective aserption. From solitud to joy, never less than the meaning of company and orphanage, conforms a wide register of the lyric voice that in the dramatic interior of the present absence of love and in the unlimited anxiety of a perpetual encounter, confirms some outstanding characteristics that contrasts with the prevailing exterior in literature of these last decades

  15. Ilustración y liberalismo en la obra de Juan Sempere y Guarinos (1754-1830

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    Juan RICO GIMÉNEZ

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Juan Sempere y Guarinos fue un miembro notable del elenco ilustrado español. Su ideario es el resultado de la confluencia de diversas corrientes modernizadoras: el humanismo y el arbitrismo españoles, la Ilustración italiana, la Ilustración francesa y la Ilustración inglesa. Su interés por la historia legal e institucional de España y no menos por el liberalismo económico, filtrados por un regalismo a ultranza y una sólida creencia en la bondad política del Estado centralista encarnado en la monarquía borbónica, hacen de él un representante típico del pensamiento de crisis y transición, en este caso, el que une, no sin contradicciones, la Ilustración con el primer Liberalismo moderado o conservador.ABSTRACT: Juan Sempere y Guarinos was an outstanding member of the elite of the Spanish Enlightenment. His ideas were the outcome of the mingling of various modernist-oriented crosscurrents: Spanish humanism and «arbitrismo» and the Italian, French and English Enlightenments. Given his interest in Spanish legal and institutional history, as well as in economic liberalism, as shaped by his unconditional «regalismo» and his solid belief in the political virtues of the centralized state embobied in the Bourbon monarchy, he is a typical representative of the thinking thrown up by periods of crisis and transition. In his particular case this involves the somewhat strained merging of Enlightenment thought with early moderate and conservative Liberalism.

  16. La filosofía de la Revolución francesa en un curso de Luis Juan Guerrero de 1939

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ricardo, Ibarlucía.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo aborda un capítulo olvidado de la filosofía argentina del siglo veinte. Su tema principal es un curso sobre la filosofía de la Revolución francesa impartido por Luis Juan Guerrero (1899-1957) en el Colegio Libre de Estudios Superiores de Buenos Aires en 1939. Tomando como punto [...] de partida los programas de los cursos que Guerrero dictó como Profesor de Ética en la Universidad de Buenos Aires durante la década de 1930, el trabajo reconstruye en detalle su argumento sobre la oposición entre la conciencia histórica y la conciencia revolucionaria inherente al pensamiento filosófico del siglo XVIII y proporciona relevante información sobre el contexto y las fuentes filosóficas, históricas y sociológicas que discute. Abstract in english This paper deals with a forgotten chapter of the Twentieth-century Argentine Philosophy. The main subject is a lecture-course on the Philosophy of the French Revolution delivered by Luis Juan Guerrero (1899-1957) at the Colegio Libre de Estudios Superiores of Buenos Aires in 1939. By taking as a poi [...] nt of departure the syllabi of the courses that Guerrero gave as Professor of Ethics at the University of Buenos Aires during the 1930s, it reconstructs in detail his argument on the opposition between historical consciousness and revolutionary consciousness inherent to the philosophical thought of the eighteenth century. It also provides relevant background and contextual information about Guerrero's philosophical, historical and sociological sources.

  17. Contratos de impresión suscritos por Juan de Mariana, Alonso de Villegas y Francisco de Pisa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez de Gracia, Hilario

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the vicissitudes that three writers from Toledo who created in different matters, should overcome when printing their works. Juan of Mariana, Alonso of Villegas and Francisco from Pisa acted in a very different way when publishing their works. They opted to publish them directly or to encharge that work to another person who established an agreement with the printer on the conditions in wich the work would be printed. The author obtained in enchange a number of copies that either he gave to his friendships or he sold a merchant of books.

    Este artículo trata de las vicisitudes que debieron superar tres escritores toledanos, que creaban en diferentes materias, a la hora de dar a la estampa sus obras. Juan de Mariana, Alonso de Villegas y Francisco de Pisa actuaron de forma muy distinta a la hora de publicar sus obras. Optaban por editar ellos directamente o por encargar ese trabajo a otra persona, que establecía un acuerdo con el impresor sobre las condiciones en que sería impresa la obra. El autor obtenía a cambio un número de ejemplares que bien regalaba a sus amistades o vendían a un mercader de libros.

  18. El espacio del gato: Juan García Ponce en el cuento hispanoamericano

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Juan Carlos, Reyes Vázquez.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este texto busca encontrar el lugar y papel que los cuentos de Juan García Ponce (Mérida, 1932-Ciudad de México, 2003), tienen en el corpus literario del cuento hispanoamericano, y particularmente en el cuento mexicano. Para ello, se realiza una cartografía de las principales corrientes historiográf [...] icas y analíticas del género en Latinoamérica y México; así como un recorrido por la crítica y los modelos de análisis sobre el género, específicamente en México. Así, se establece la importancia y situación en el canon sobre el cuento mexicano que la crítica especializada ha otorgado a los cuentos de García Ponce. Abstract in english This text seeks to find the place and role that Juan Garcia Ponce's short stories have in the literary corpus of the Hispanoamerican short story, and particularly in the Latin American and Mexican short story. To do so, we will perform a mapping of the genre historiographical and analytical tendenci [...] es in Latin America and Mexico, as well as a view of criticism and genre analysis models, specifically in Mexico. In this sense, we'll establish the importance and status of Garcia Ponce's short stories in the mexican short story canon.

  19. Sub-Seafloor Carbon Dioxide Storage Potential on the Juan de Fuca Plate, Western North America

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jerry Fairley; Robert Podgorney

    2012-11-01

    The Juan de Fuca plate, off the western coast of North America, has been suggested as a site for geological sequestration of waste carbon dioxide because of its many attractive characteristics (high permeability, large storage capacity, reactive rock types). Here we model CO2 injection into fractured basalts comprising the upper several hundred meters of the sub-seafloor basalt reservoir, overlain with low-permeability sediments and a large saline water column, to examine the feasibility of this reservoir for CO2 storage. Our simulations indicate that the sub-seafloor basalts of the Juan de Fuca plate may be an excellent CO2 storage candidate, as multiple trapping mechanisms (hydrodynamic, density inversions, and mineralization) act to keep the CO2 isolated from terrestrial environments. Questions remain about the lateral extent and connectivity of the high permeability basalts; however, the lack of wells or boreholes and thick sediment cover maximize storage potential while minimizing potential leakage pathways. Although promising, more study is needed to determine the economic viability of this option.

  20. Juan Egaña contra la nación de comerciantes Educación, religión y ciudadanía en la fundación republicana

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Javier Francisco Jesús, Infante Martin.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo pretende demostrar la visión de Juan Egaña en torno a la educación y la religión como instrumento educador. Trataremos conjuntamente estos dos temas -educación y religión- en vistas de la concepción regalista del autor, para quien la religión era un instrumento más del cual debía servir [...] se el Estado en su función educativa. De ahí que hablemos de un regalismo ilustrado. A su vez, estudiaremos a fondo las raíces y fundamentos de la obsesión educadora que el jurista manifestó durante toda su obra. Abstract in english This work pretends to demonstrate the vision of Juan Egaña on the subjects of education, and religion as a tool for the same goal. We will study both concepts at the same time, having on sight the regalism of the author, for whom religion was an instrument of which the State must serve in order to a [...] chieve its educational mandate. There for we speak of enlightened regalism. At the same time, we will analyze the roots and fundaments of the educative obsession that the law philosopher demonstrates through all of his work.

  1. Sedimentología y evolución del campo de dunas de Médanos Grandes (provincia de San Juan, Argentina) / Sedimentology and evolution of Médanos Grandes dunefield (San Juan province, Argentina)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alfonsina, Tripaldi.

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available El campo eólico de Médanos Grandes, sudeste de la provincia de San Juan (Argentina), es uno de los más extensos del país y está formado por distintos tipos de dunas, principalmente transversales y longitudinales. Junto a éstas aparecen grandes megaformas eólicas o draas, de hasta 70 metros de altura [...] y 2000 metros de espaciamiento. El análisis de imágenes satelitales permitió identificar cinco unidades geomorfológicas caracterizadas por geoformas de diferente morfología, tamaño, orientación y dirección de migración. En la unidad geomórfica 1 (UG1) se incluyen draas de crestas transversales (orientadas al azimut 150º), ligeramente sinuosas, con dunas menores sobreimpuestas. La disposición de sus caras de sotavento indica que este conjunto se desarrolló a partir de paleovientos del sudoeste. En la conformación de la UG2 aparecen también draas transversales con dunas asociadas, sin embargo en este caso la orientación de los primeros evidencia paleovientos del noreste. Por otro lado, las dunas menores se disponen de forma oblicua y se habrían, por lo tanto, formado con posterioridad. En la UG3, ubicada en el centro del campo eólico, se destaca la presencia de grandes hoyos de deflación, de hasta 1000 metros de diámetro y 50 metros de desnivel con respecto a las dunas adyacentes. Así mismo, esta unidad se caracteriza por un diseño enrejado de médanos, resultado de la interferencia de las crestas de los draas pertenecientes a las unidades 1 y 2. La UG4 comprende dunas longitudinales, de hasta 40 metros de altura y 150 metros de espaciamiento, que se asocian a pequeñas dunas transversales. La disposición de las dunas longitudinales, junto con la orientación de las caras de sotavento de las formas menores, indican paleovientos del sud-sudeste. Por último, la UG5 está integrada por dunas transversales, barjanoides y longitudinales, que ocupan la periferia del campo eólico aquí estudiado. Constituye la unidad más moderna y respondería también a vientos del sud-sudeste similares a los actuales. Las geoformas eólicas de Médanos Grandes están formadas por arenas finas (X= 2,88 ø), muy bien seleccionadas (s= 0,45 ø) y con distribuciones granulométricas unimodales y simétricas (SK 1 = 0,05). El percentil del 1 % corresponde a la arena mediana (1,87 ø) y el material inferior a 53 ? conforma en promedio el 1,05 % de las muestras. En cuanto a la composición de las arenas predominan los fragmentos líticos (clastos de volcanitas, mayormente ácidas y mesosilícicas, esquistos micáceos, anfibolitas, milonitas, chert, sedimentitas y calizas), junto a moderados porcentajes de feldespatos y muy baja proporción de cuarzo y minerales pesados. La presencia de geoformas con diferente morfología y orientación indica que el sistema eólico de Médanos Grandes es policíclico ya que en su conformación se sucedieron distintos episodios de crecimiento, bajo distintos patrones de vientos. Las unidades geomórficas identificadas pueden ser tentativamente correlacionadas con los estadios climáticos propuestos por autores anteriores para la región pampeana. Finalmente, en la actualidad el campo eólico de Médanos Grandes se halla parcialmente erodado debido a la acción fluvial, constituyendo probablemente un remanente de un extenso sistema eólico que cubría gran parte del valle del Bermejo. Abstract in english Médanos Grandes dunefield, which is located near Vallecito city at the southeast of San Juan province (Argentina), is one of the largest eolian depositional systems in Argentina. It is formed by draas together with transversal and longitudinal dunes and large blowouts. Alluvial plain deposits relate [...] d to San Juan and Bermejo rivers, and the Pie de Palo and Valle Fértil hills sourround the eolian system (Fig. 1). Previous works are very scarce (Groeber, 1937; Rodríguez, 1966), being Regairaz et al. (1987) the ones who described the dunefield as made up of complex dunes. The present study can be divided in three steps. Firstly, remote sensing images analysis

  2. Sedimentología y evolución del campo de dunas de Médanos Grandes (provincia de San Juan, Argentina Sedimentology and evolution of Médanos Grandes dunefield (San Juan province, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonsina Tripaldi

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available El campo eólico de Médanos Grandes, sudeste de la provincia de San Juan (Argentina, es uno de los más extensos del país y está formado por distintos tipos de dunas, principalmente transversales y longitudinales. Junto a éstas aparecen grandes megaformas eólicas o draas, de hasta 70 metros de altura y 2000 metros de espaciamiento. El análisis de imágenes satelitales permitió identificar cinco unidades geomorfológicas caracterizadas por geoformas de diferente morfología, tamaño, orientación y dirección de migración. En la unidad geomórfica 1 (UG1 se incluyen draas de crestas transversales (orientadas al azimut 150º, ligeramente sinuosas, con dunas menores sobreimpuestas. La disposición de sus caras de sotavento indica que este conjunto se desarrolló a partir de paleovientos del sudoeste. En la conformación de la UG2 aparecen también draas transversales con dunas asociadas, sin embargo en este caso la orientación de los primeros evidencia paleovientos del noreste. Por otro lado, las dunas menores se disponen de forma oblicua y se habrían, por lo tanto, formado con posterioridad. En la UG3, ubicada en el centro del campo eólico, se destaca la presencia de grandes hoyos de deflación, de hasta 1000 metros de diámetro y 50 metros de desnivel con respecto a las dunas adyacentes. Así mismo, esta unidad se caracteriza por un diseño enrejado de médanos, resultado de la interferencia de las crestas de los draas pertenecientes a las unidades 1 y 2. La UG4 comprende dunas longitudinales, de hasta 40 metros de altura y 150 metros de espaciamiento, que se asocian a pequeñas dunas transversales. La disposición de las dunas longitudinales, junto con la orientación de las caras de sotavento de las formas menores, indican paleovientos del sud-sudeste. Por último, la UG5 está integrada por dunas transversales, barjanoides y longitudinales, que ocupan la periferia del campo eólico aquí estudiado. Constituye la unidad más moderna y respondería también a vientos del sud-sudeste similares a los actuales. Las geoformas eólicas de Médanos Grandes están formadas por arenas finas (X= 2,88 ø, muy bien seleccionadas (s= 0,45 ø y con distribuciones granulométricas unimodales y simétricas (SK 1 = 0,05. El percentil del 1 % corresponde a la arena mediana (1,87 ø y el material inferior a 53 ? conforma en promedio el 1,05 % de las muestras. En cuanto a la composición de las arenas predominan los fragmentos líticos (clastos de volcanitas, mayormente ácidas y mesosilícicas, esquistos micáceos, anfibolitas, milonitas, chert, sedimentitas y calizas, junto a moderados porcentajes de feldespatos y muy baja proporción de cuarzo y minerales pesados. La presencia de geoformas con diferente morfología y orientación indica que el sistema eólico de Médanos Grandes es policíclico ya que en su conformación se sucedieron distintos episodios de crecimiento, bajo distintos patrones de vientos. Las unidades geomórficas identificadas pueden ser tentativamente correlacionadas con los estadios climáticos propuestos por autores anteriores para la región pampeana. Finalmente, en la actualidad el campo eólico de Médanos Grandes se halla parcialmente erodado debido a la acción fluvial, constituyendo probablemente un remanente de un extenso sistema eólico que cubría gran parte del valle del Bermejo.Médanos Grandes dunefield, which is located near Vallecito city at the southeast of San Juan province (Argentina, is one of the largest eolian depositional systems in Argentina. It is formed by draas together with transversal and longitudinal dunes and large blowouts. Alluvial plain deposits related to San Juan and Bermejo rivers, and the Pie de Palo and Valle Fértil hills sourround the eolian system (Fig. 1. Previous works are very scarce (Groeber, 1937; Rodríguez, 1966, being Regairaz et al. (1987 the ones who described the dunefield as made up of complex dunes. The present study can be divided in three steps. Firstly, remote sensing images analysis were carried out to define and describe ge

  3. Isla de calor y ocupación espacial urbana en San Juan, Argentina: análisis evolutivo. Island heat effect and spatial urban occupancy in San Juan, Argentina: evolution analysis Ilha de calor e ocupação do espaço urbano em San Juán, Argentina: análise evolutiva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Cúnsulo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:En este artículo se presentan resultados finales de un proyecto de investigación bianual (2009-2010, denominado Variación histórica y espacial de la isla de calor urbana en zona árida, financiado por la Universidad Nacional de San Juan, Argentina. Su objetivo principal es determinar la progresiva modificación de la isla de calor urbana en un periodo de quince años (1995-2010 y la correlación de esta con la ocupación del área urbana del Gran San Juan (GSJ, localizada en la diagonal árida de Sudamérica. Los resultados obtenidos demuestran la interrelación entre la ocupación urbana y la espacialización de la isla de calor en la ciudad.Abstract:In this paper, final result of a bi-annual project (2009-2010 called Historic and spatial variation of the urban island heat effect in an arid zone –financed by Universidad Nacional de San Juan, Argentina –are presented. Its main aim is determining the progressive changing of urban island heat effect during a fifteen year period (1995-2010 and its correlationwith the occupancy of Great San Juan (GSJ urban area, located in South America’s arid diagonal. Results show the interrelationship between urban occupancy and the spread of island heat effect in the city.Resumo:Este artigo apresenta resultados finais do projeto de pesquisa de dois anos (2009-2010, chamado A variação histórica e espacial da ilha de calor urbana em uma zona árida, financiado pela Universidad Nacional de San Juán, Argentina. Seu principal objetivo é determinar a modificação progressiva da ilha de calor urbana por um período de 15 anos (1995-2010 e a correlação desta com a ocupação da área urbana da Gran San Juan (GSJ, localizada na diagonal árida de América do Sul. Os resultados obtidos demonstram a relação entre ocupação urbana e espacialização da ilha de calor na cidade.

  4. Primer registro de Archaeoscyphia pulchra (Porifera) en el Cerro Negro de Huaco, Precordillera de San Juan / First record of the Archaeoscyphia pulchra (Porifera) in the Cerro Negro of Huaco, Precordillera de San Juan

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Matilde Sylvia, Beresi.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Un ejemplar de una demospongea anthaspidellida Archaeoscyphia pulchra (Bassler), ha sido localizada en la colección de Paleontología del Museo J.C. Moyano en la ciudad de Mendoza, Argentina. Constituye la primera identificación de este género y especie en la colección. La esponja fue identificada so [...] bre el plano de estratificación de una caliza arcillosa (wackestone fosilífero) de la Formación San Juan (Zona de Oepikodus evae) en el Cerro Negro, área de Huaco en la Precordillera Central de San Juan. La esponja es de forma cónica de 56 mm de altura y presenta las características anulaciones de la especie, la estructura esqueletal y el sistema de canales de la Familia Anthaspidellidae, orden Lithistida. Es la primera mención de un ejemplar fósil y en consecuencia de este género, para esta nueva localidad precordillerana de la provincia de San Juan. Abstract in english One specimen of the annulate anthaspidellid demosponge, Archaeoscyphia pulchra (Bassler) has been found in the Paleontological Collection of the J. C. Moyano Museum, in Mendoza city, Argentina. This is the first identification of this species from the invertebrate collection. The sponge was identifi [...] ed on the bedding plane of a fossiliferous wackestone of the San Juan Formation (Oepikodus evae Zone), in the Cerro Negro, Huaco area, Central Precordillera of San Juan Province, western Argentina. The Ordovician sponge is a small flanged-appearing annulate, obconical sponge of 56 mm in height with the typical architecture of radial endroclones and canal system of the Family Anthaspidellidae (Order Lithistida). This is the first report of the genus for this precordilleran locality.

  5. Sequence Stratigraphy of the Dakota Sandstone, Eastern San Juan Basin, New Mexico, and its Relationship to Reservoir Compartmentalization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Varney, Peter J.

    2002-04-23

    This research established the Dakota-outcrop sequence stratigraphy in part of the eastern San Juan Basin, New Mexico, and relates reservoir quality lithologies in depositional sequences to structure and reservoir compartmentalization in the South Lindrith Field area. The result was a predictive tool that will help guide further exploration and development.

  6. FOOD WEB RELATIONSHIPS OF NORTHERN PUGET SOUND AND THE STRAIT OF JUAN DE FUCA. A SYNTHESIS OF THE AVAILABLE KNOWLEDGE

    Science.gov (United States)

    This report resulted from the need to synthesize existing knowledge of the structure of food webs in nearshore marine habitats of northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca, in order to identify the potential transfer processes of petroleum hydrocarbons through the marin...

  7. 33 CFR 161.55 - Vessel Traffic Service Puget Sound and the Cooperative Vessel Traffic Service for the Juan de...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...the Cooperative Vessel Traffic Service for the Juan...Region. The Vessel Traffic Service Puget Sound area...to the Cape Flattery Light at 48°23?30? N...Boundary Range C Rear Light). This area...above. (a) Vessel Traffic Service Puget...

  8. Réquiem para un cóndor ciego: Juan Lavalle según la visión estetizada de la dupla Sabato-Falú

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariel Mamani

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo indaga las estrategias desplegadas por Ernesto Sabato para la difusión de su particular visión de la historia argentina, especialmente de la controvertida figura del general Juan Lavalle. El deseo de terciar en el campo intelectual y político lo llevó a ensayar diversas formas de participación en los combates por la reinterpretación del pasado. Romance de la Muerte de Juan Lavalle, obra poético-musical realizada en colaboración con el músico folclórico Eduardo Falú, es abordada con la intención de analizar la construcción de discursos acerca del pasado desde ámbitos historiográficos no tradicionalesThis article inquires about the strategies suggested by Ernesto Sabato for the diffusion of his point of view about argentinean history and in special, general Juan Lavalle’s life. The author, in his will of participating in the intellectual and political field, essayed to diverse forms of participation in its re-interpretation of past. His piece of work entitled Romance de la Muerte de Juan Lavalle has been written in collaboration with native music composer Eduardo Falú. My intention is to remark some of the quarrels which took place in the field of "memories" in the purpose of analyze the construction of the differents discourses about past from non traditional historical enclosures

  9. AN EMPIRICAL MODEL FOR TIDAL CURRENTS IN PUGET SOUND, STRAIT OF JUAN DE FUCA, AND SOUTHERN STRAIT OF GEORGIA

    Science.gov (United States)

    An empirical model for tidal currents in Puget Sound, the Strait of Juan de Fuca, and the Southern Strait of Georgia was constructed in support of trajectory modelling and surface drifter analyses of the MESA Puget Sound Project. The model uses NOS tidal constituents for current ...

  10. Sequence Stratigraphy of the Dakota Sandstone, Eastern San Juan Basin, New Mexico, and its Relationship to Reservoir Compartmentalization; FINAL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This research established the Dakota-outcrop sequence stratigraphy in part of the eastern San Juan Basin, New Mexico, and relates reservoir quality lithologies in depositional sequences to structure and reservoir compartmentalization in the South Lindrith Field area. The result was a predictive tool that will help guide further exploration and development

  11. AgRISTARS: Renewable resources inventory. Land information support system implementation plan and schedule. [San Juan National Forest pilot test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, S. S. (principal investigator)

    1981-01-01

    The planning and scheduling of the use of remote sensing and computer technology to support the land management planning effort at the national forests level are outlined. The task planning and system capability development were reviewed. A user evaluation is presented along with technological transfer methodology. A land management planning pilot test of the San Juan National Forest is discussed.

  12. Inventario de procesos de remoción en masa de un sector del departamento Iglesia, San Juan Inventory of landslides processes in a region of the Iglesia Department, San Juan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Yanina Esper Angillieri

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo presenta un inventario de procesos de remoción en masa, en las cuencas principales que afectan a las localidades de Colangüil, Malimán, Angualasto y Buena Esperanza, ubicadas en el departamento Iglesia, provincia de San Juan, a partir de la interpretación y análisis digital de fotografías aéreas e imágenes satelitales de diversa resolución. Se analiza en entorno de sistemas de información geográfica (SIG la ocurrencia de los procesos de remoción en masa en relación a varios factores o variables condicionantes (litología, elevación, pendiente, orientación e insolación. En la zona de estudio se reconocieron tres ambientes morfoestructurales principales, la Precordillera Occidental al este, integrada mayormente por sedimentitas paleozoicas, la Cordillera Frontal al oeste, caracterizada por el volcanismo permo-triásico, ambas separadas por el valle de Iglesia que comprende principalmente los afloramientos paleógenos-neógenos. Los resultados indican que de las 760 geoformas identificadas como procesos de remoción en masa el 45,53 % corresponden a flujos y de ellos el 75,43 % son activos, siendo el principal factor desencadenante las fuertes precipitaciones de carácter torrencial.This study shows an inventory of lanslides, starting from the interpretation and digital analysis of aerial photographs and satellite images of varied resolution, in the main basins which affect the localities of Malimán, Angualasto and Buena Esperanza, in the Iglesia Department, San Juan Province. The occurrence of landslides in relation to several determining factors or variables (lithology, elevation, slope, aspect, and insolation is analyzed in GIS environment. Three main morphostructural environments have been recognized in the study area: the Western Precordillera to the western, principally made up of paleozoic sedimentites and the Cordillera Frontal to the east, which is characterized by Permo-Triassic volcanism. Both geological provinces are separated by the Iglesia Valley which comprises mainly the paleogene-neogene outcrops. The results indicate that out of the 760 geoforms identified as landslides, 45,53 % corresponds to flows, and from these 75,43 % are active, being the the main triggering agent, the heavy rains.

  13. Plantas triásicas del Grupo Rincón Blanco, provincia de San Juan, Argentina / Triassic plants from the Rincón Blanco Group, San Juan Province, Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Eduardo G., Ottone.

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Los niveles fluviales y lacustres de las formaciones Portezuelo y Casa de Piedra, Grupo Rincón Blanco, Triásico Medio a Superior de la provincia de San Juan, portan una tafoflora característica. Los restos paleoflorísticos de la Formación Portezuelo son relativamente escasos e incluyen principalment [...] e peltaspermales (Lepidopteris madagascariensis Carpentier y Antevsia sp.), junto a Bennettitales (Taeniopteris sp.), y probables Coniferales (Incertae sedis (escama ovulífera?) sp. B) y frondes de pteridospermas (Incertae sedis sp. A). Las plantas fósiles recuperadas de la Formación Casa de Piedra son más abundantes e incluyen principalmente Corystospermales (Dicroidium incisum (Du Toit) Anderson y Anderson, D. odontopteroides var. moltense Retallack, D. odontopteroides var. obtusifolium Johnston, D. odontopteroides var. remotum (Szajnocha) Retallack, Xylopteris densifolia (Du Toit) Frenguelli, X. remotipinnulia (Anderson y Anderson) comb. nov., X. rigida (Dun) Jain y Delevoyras, X. spinifolia (Tenison-Woods) Frenguelli y Zuberia zuberi (Szajnocha) Frenguelli, aunque también hay Sphenophyta (Neocalamites sp.) y Cycadales (Pseudoctenis sp. A y P. sp. B). La flora del Grupo Rincón Blanco representaría fundamentalmente un sustrato de vegetación herbácea y arbustiva. A pesar que las Formaciones Portezuelo y Casa de Piedra han sido referidas a los pisos Cortaderitiano y Floriano, en base a correlaciones regionales, la falta de taxones diagnósticos dificulta la comparación de la flora del Grupo Rincón Blanco con las biozonas locales. Abstract in english Fluvial and lacustrine strata of the Portezuelo and Casa de Piedra Formations, Rincón Blanco Group, Middle to Upper Triassic of San Juan province, yield a distinctive taphoflora. The Portezuelo Formation plant remains are relatively scarce and mostly include peltasperms (Lepidopteris madagascariensi [...] s Carpentier and Antevsia sp.), together with Bennettitales (Taeniopteris sp.), and probable Coniferales (Incertae sedis (ovule scale?) sp. B) and pteridosperm fronds (Incertae sedis sp. A). The fossil plant assemblage recovered from the Casa de Piedra Formation is more abundant and mainly includes Corystospermales (Dicroidium incisum (Du Toit) Anderson and Anderson, D. odontopteroides var. moltense Retallack, D. odontopteroides var. obtusifolium Johnston, D. odontopteroides var. remotum (Szajnocha) Retallack, Xylopteris densifolia (Du Toit) Frenguelli, X. remotipinnulia (Anderson and Anderson) comb. nov., X. rigida (Dun) Jain and Delevoyras, X. spinifolia (Tenison-Woods) Frenguelli and Zuberia zuberi (Szajnocha) Frenguelli, but also Sphenophyta (Neocalamites sp.) and Cycadales (Pseudoctenis sp. A and P. sp. B). The flora of the Rincón Blanco Group would chiefly represent a substratum of herbaceous and shrubby vegetation. Although the Portezuelo and Casa de Piedra Formations have been referred to the Cortaderitian and Florian stages, on the basis of regional correlations, the lack of diagnostic taxa difficult close comparisons of the Rincón Blanco Group flora with local biozones.

  14. Aspectos clínico-epidemiológicos de la cardiopatía isquémica en San Juan y Martínez, 2009 Clinical and epidemiological aspects of ischemic heart disease in San Juan y Martinez, 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Luís Herrera Miranda

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available La cardiopatía isquémica es un problema de salud que cobra un gran número de vidas y es la causa de invalidez en la población mundial. Con el objetivo de identificar los aspectos clínicos epidemiológicos que caracterizan a la cardiopatía isquémica en 150 pacientes de 15 años y más, pertenecientes a tres consultorios médicos del Consejo Popular "Galope, San Juan y Martínez", en el periodo comprendido enero _ julio del año 2009, y por ser este el de mayor incidencia y prevalencia en el municipio se realizó una investigación descriptiva y transversal, que incluyó el interrogatorio, examen físico y electrocardiograma a la totalidad de la muestra, procesándose los datos a través del valor porcentual y Ji cuadrado en los casos necesarios. Se encontró un mayor número de hombres que mujeres en la muestra estudiada. En ambos grupos predominaron las edades superiores a 56 años. La cardiopatía isquémica sin angina fue la forma clínica que prevaleció, mientras que las alteraciones del segmento S-T predominaron entre los hallazgos electrocardiográficos. El hábito de fumar, el sedentarismo y la hipertensión arterial fueron los factores de riesgo más frecuentes en la serie. Los mismos se incrementaron a medida que aumento la edad, y todos predominaron de manera significativa en el grupo con cardiopatía isquémica. Se encontró una relación directamente proporcional entre los factores de riesgo asociados entre sí y la cardiopatía isquémica.Ischemic Heart Disease is a health problem that takes a great number of lives off and it is a cause of disability all over the world. The objective of this research was to identify clinical and epidemiological aspects that characterize ischemic heart disease in 150 patients (15 years or older, belonging to three doctor's offices in the Popular Council of "Galope", San Juan y Martinez, Pinar del Rio during January-July 2009. This place presents the greatest incidence and prevalence in the municipality. A descriptive and cross-sectional research was conducted including questioning, physical examination and electrocardiogram to the total of the sample chosen. Data were processed using percentage value and chi square when necessary. In the sample male sex prevailed over the female, and ages older than 56 in both groups. Ischemic heart disease without angina was the prevailing clinical manifestation; meanwhile alterations of the ST-segment were the most common electrocardiographic findings. Smoking, sedentary life and hypertension were the most frequent risk factors in the series, increasing with age and all of them prevailed in the group suffering from ischemic heart disease significantly. A direct relationship between risk factors associated and ischemic heart disease was found.

  15. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso: médico y general de brigada en la guerra necesaria / Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso: Doctor and General of Brigade in the necessary war

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ricardo, Hodelín Tablada; Damaris, Fuentes Pelier.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso fue un brillante jefe militar y un excelente médico, que supo combinar ambas tareas de manera ejemplar y devino una de las figuras más importantes de la Guerra de Independencia de Cuba. En el presente artículo se reseñan, de forma historiográfica y documental, aspectos impor [...] tantes de su vida; se señalan sus orígenes familiares, constituidos por comerciantes y aristócratas por parte del padre, y sacarócratas y accionistas ferrocarrileros por parte de la madre, y se destaca que el tránsito de un miembro de esta familia a la posición radical de combatiente revolucionario conformó un hecho social de gran interés en la historiografía cubana. De igual manera, se describen algunos momentos de su infancia, sus estudios -- desde el bachillerato hasta su matrícula en la Facultad de Medicina y Cirugía -- y su labor como médico en diferentes localidades de la antigua provincia de Las Villas, con la puntualización de que debe ser considerado como el primer médico cubano que ejerció la medicina rural. Asimismo, se comenta el alzamiento desde Vega Alta y su meritoria labor en la lucha independentista, que le confirió en solo 14 meses el grado de general de brigada, para ser en esos momentos el brigadier más joven del Ejército Libertador. Finalmente, los autores analizaron diferentes versiones de su caída en combate el 30 de julio de 1895 Abstract in english Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso was a brilliant military boss and an excellent doctor, who was an example of how to combine both tasks and became one of the most important personalities in the Cuban Independence War. This work compiles, historiographically and documentarily, important aspects of his life, [...] his family origins are pointed out, constituted by merchants and aristocrats on the part of the father, and sacarocrats and shareholders railwaymen on the part of the mother; and the evolution of a member of this family to revolutionary combatant's radical position conformed a social fact of great interest in the Cuban historiography. In a same way, some moments of his childhood are described, his studies -- from the high school to his registration in the Medicine and Surgery Faculty -- and his work as doctor in different towns of the old county of Las Villas, pointing out that he should be considered as the first Cuban doctor who exercised the rural medicine. Also, the raising from Vega Alta is commented and his meritorious work in the independentist fight, which conferred him in only 14 months the grade of general of brigade, to become in those moments the youngest brigadier in the Liberator Army. Finally, the authors analyzed different versions of his death in combat July 30th, 1895

  16. Caracterización biopsicosocial del síndrome de down en San Juan y Martínez, 2008 / Biopsychosocial Characterization of the Down's Syndrome in San Juan y Martínez, year 2008

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Guillermo Luís, Herrera Miranda; María Eugenia, Fernández Martín; Berkis, Martínez Orraca; Yasmín, Morales Piloto.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio longitudinal y descriptivo luego de un análisis del estudio psicosocial realizado en Cuba en el año 2003 sobre discapacidad y retraso mental para la determinación de las causas prenatales que contribuyeron a elevar las tasas de estas en la provincia de Pinar del Río, y específi [...] camente en nuestro territorio; con el objetivo de caracterizar biopsicosocial el Síndrome de Down en San Juan y Martínez en el año 2008. Para ello se revisó la base de datos donde encontramos que existe un predominio del retraso mental, y al analizar las principales causas prenatales nos llama la atención que existe un total de 29 casos con esta discapacidad decidiéndonos a realizar esta investigación. Se trabajó en el ámbito de las familias de pacientes con Síndrome de Down a través de una entrevista que se les realizó al familiar responsable para poder elaborar la caracterización de estos pacientes y su familia y poder saber además que conocimientos tienen estas personas sobre la enfermedad y manejo de los pacientes para su incorporación a la sociedad. Realizamos la caracterización de la familia teniendo en cuenta las variables investigativas seleccionadas. Se demostró que el 79.3% de los pacientes presentan alguna malformación cardiaca, el 72.4% vive en zonas rurales y el 44.8% tiene necesidad de orientación especializada. Los pacientes son preparados para el futuro por sus familiares de forma adecuada. Los datos obtenidos fueron procesados por el método estadístico porcentual y chi cuadrado. Abstract in english A longitudinal descriptive study was conducted after analysing the psychosocial study performed in Cuba in year 2003 on disability and mental ratardation in order to determine the prenatal causes which contribute to increase the rates in Pinar del Rio province, particularly in our territory and aime [...] d at characterizing the Down's syndrome in San Juan y Martínez in year 2008.Data base showed a prevalence of mental retardation (29 cases).The family was interviewed for being aware of how they manage these patients and how they include them in the society.The characterization of the family was done taking into account the selected variables.It was demonstrated that 79.3% present some cardiac malformations, 72,4% live in rural areas and 44.8% need special orientation.These patients are guided by members of the family properly. Data were processed using the percentage statistical method and the chi-square test.

  17. Apendicitis durante el embarazo: Experiencia en el Hospital General Toluca Dr. Nicolás San Juan / Appendicitis during pregnancy: Experience at the Hospital General Toluca Dr. Nicolás San Juan

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Salvador, Flores-Ramírez; José Luis, Flores-Morales; Adolfo, Fuentes-Rivas.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Presentar la experiencia en el tratamiento de pacientes con apendicitis aguda durante el embarazo. Sede: Hospital General Toluca Dr. Nicolás San Juan. Instituto de Salud del Estado de México. Segundo nivel de atención. Diseño: Observacional, retrospectivo, descriptivo, transversal. Análisi [...] s estadístico: Porcentajes como medida de resumen para variables cualitativas. Pacientes y métodos: Pacientes embarazadas con diagnóstico de apendicitis aguda, operadas de apendicectomía en un periodo de 3 años (2007-2010). Las variables analizadas fueron: Edad materna, edad gestacional, datos clínicos, tiempo de evolución, tipo de abordaje quirúrgico, complicaciones, mortalidad materna y mortalidad fetal. Resultados: 24 pacientes embarazadas fueron operadas de apendicectomía. La incidencia fue de 1 por cada 608 embarazos. El promedio de edad fue de 24 años. El 54% de los casos se presentó durante el primer trimestre del embarazo. Se presentaron complicaciones en 37.5% de las pacientes y la complicación más frecuente fue la infección de la herida quirúrgica, seguida de la pérdida temprana del embarazo. Conclusiones: La apendicitis es más frecuente durante el primer trimestre del embarazo. La complicación más frecuente es la infección de la herida quirúrgica y el 66% de las pacientes embarazadas con apendicitis se encuentra en el grupo de edad de 16 a 25 años. Abstract in english Objective: To present our experience in the treatment of patients with acute appendicitis during pregnancy. Setting: General Hospital Toluca Dr. Nicolás San Juan. Instituto de Salud del Estado de México. Second Level Health Care Hospital. Design: Observational, retrospective, descriptive, transversa [...] l. Statistical analysis. Percentages as summary measures for qualitative variables. Patients and methods. Pregnant patients with a diagnosis of acute appendicitis, subjected to appendicectomy in a 3-year period (2007-20010). Analyzed variables were: maternal age, gestational age, clinical data, time of evolution, type of surgical approach, complications, maternal and fetal mortalities. Results: Twenty four pregnant women were subjected to appendicectomy. Incidence was of 1 per 608 pregnancies. Average age was of 24 years, fifty-four percent of cases occurred during the first trimester of pregnancy. Complications were encountered in 37.5% of the patients, and the most frequent complication was infection of the surgical wound, followed by early loss of pregnancy. Conclusions: Appendicitis is more frequent during the first trimester of pregnancy. The most frequent complication is infection of the surgical wound, and 66% of the pregnant patients with appendicitis were within the age group of 16 to 25 years.

  18. Contribución de Juan Bautista Iguíniz en la conformación de la profesión bibliotecaria en México Juan Bautista Iguíniz's Contribution to professional librarianship in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joel Estudillo García

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available El interés por rescatar la figura de Juan Bautista Iguíniz Vizcaíno como promotor de los estudios bibliotecológicos en México resulta de especial relevancia para el análisis de la trayectoria de las bibliotecas mexicanas en el siglo XX. Su actividad profesional abarca un vasto periodo durante el cual se le puede encontrar en todas las vertientes del quehacer que rodea a las bibliotecas: en el funcionamiento de éstas; en la integración de acervos y bibliografías; en el diseño de planes de estudio de escuelas de bibliotecarios; en la constitución de asociaciones de especialistas que generaron vínculos en el país y en el extranjero y, finalmente, en la más importante para él, la práctica docente, que constituyó la pasión de su vida. El presente proyecto de investigación abarca un largo periodo histórico en la vida de nuestro país (1915-1945, por ello nuestro personaje y su obra formarán parte inherente del mismo. Un ejercicio profesional tan rico y prolongado lleva necesariamente a ligar muchas acciones en la descripción que ahora presentamos. Los actores serán la Biblioteca Nacional, la Universidad, Nacional primero y Autónoma después, y la Secretaría de Educación Pública, y algunos otros.This research project looks at a period spanning from 1915 to 1945 and focuses on a reexamination of the life and work of Juan Bautista Iguíñiz Vizcaíno, an early promoter of Library Science in Mexico, whose legacy is singularly relevant to any analysis of the development of Mexican libraries in the twentieth century. His professional activity carried out over a broad period finds him intimately connected to a vast array of library tasks, including operational management, integration of collections and acquisitions; curriculum design for school librarians and the founding of professional associations of Library Science specialists here and abroad. He was passionately devoted to teaching, which he considered his foremost vocation. The study of this rich epoch necessarily entails gathering a broad variety of material. The main actors in this story are the National Library, The National University and subsequent UNAM, and the Ministry of Education.

  19. Contribución de Juan Bautista Iguíniz en la conformación de la profesión bibliotecaria en México / Juan Bautista Iguíniz's Contribution to professional librarianship in Mexico

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Joel, Estudillo García.

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available El interés por rescatar la figura de Juan Bautista Iguíniz Vizcaíno como promotor de los estudios bibliotecológicos en México resulta de especial relevancia para el análisis de la trayectoria de las bibliotecas mexicanas en el siglo XX. Su actividad profesional abarca un vasto periodo durante el cua [...] l se le puede encontrar en todas las vertientes del quehacer que rodea a las bibliotecas: en el funcionamiento de éstas; en la integración de acervos y bibliografías; en el diseño de planes de estudio de escuelas de bibliotecarios; en la constitución de asociaciones de especialistas que generaron vínculos en el país y en el extranjero y, finalmente, en la más importante para él, la práctica docente, que constituyó la pasión de su vida. El presente proyecto de investigación abarca un largo periodo histórico en la vida de nuestro país (1915-1945), por ello nuestro personaje y su obra formarán parte inherente del mismo. Un ejercicio profesional tan rico y prolongado lleva necesariamente a ligar muchas acciones en la descripción que ahora presentamos. Los actores serán la Biblioteca Nacional, la Universidad, Nacional primero y Autónoma después, y la Secretaría de Educación Pública, y algunos otros. Abstract in english This research project looks at a period spanning from 1915 to 1945 and focuses on a reexamination of the life and work of Juan Bautista Iguíñiz Vizcaíno, an early promoter of Library Science in Mexico, whose legacy is singularly relevant to any analysis of the development of Mexican libraries in the [...] twentieth century. His professional activity carried out over a broad period finds him intimately connected to a vast array of library tasks, including operational management, integration of collections and acquisitions; curriculum design for school librarians and the founding of professional associations of Library Science specialists here and abroad. He was passionately devoted to teaching, which he considered his foremost vocation. The study of this rich epoch necessarily entails gathering a broad variety of material. The main actors in this story are the National Library, The National University and subsequent UNAM, and the Ministry of Education.

  20. Aspectos clínico-epidemiológicos de la cardiopatía isquémica en San Juan y Martínez, 2009 / Clinical and epidemiological aspects of ischemic heart disease in San Juan y Martinez, 2009

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Guillermo Luís, Herrera Miranda; Berkis, Martínez Orraca; Yaima, Camejo Brito; María E, Fernández Martín; Francisco, López Góvea.

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available La cardiopatía isquémica es un problema de salud que cobra un gran número de vidas y es la causa de invalidez en la población mundial. Con el objetivo de identificar los aspectos clínicos epidemiológicos que caracterizan a la cardiopatía isquémica en 150 pacientes de 15 años y más, pertenecientes a [...] tres consultorios médicos del Consejo Popular "Galope, San Juan y Martínez", en el periodo comprendido enero _ julio del año 2009, y por ser este el de mayor incidencia y prevalencia en el municipio se realizó una investigación descriptiva y transversal, que incluyó el interrogatorio, examen físico y electrocardiograma a la totalidad de la muestra, procesándose los datos a través del valor porcentual y Ji cuadrado en los casos necesarios. Se encontró un mayor número de hombres que mujeres en la muestra estudiada. En ambos grupos predominaron las edades superiores a 56 años. La cardiopatía isquémica sin angina fue la forma clínica que prevaleció, mientras que las alteraciones del segmento S-T predominaron entre los hallazgos electrocardiográficos. El hábito de fumar, el sedentarismo y la hipertensión arterial fueron los factores de riesgo más frecuentes en la serie. Los mismos se incrementaron a medida que aumento la edad, y todos predominaron de manera significativa en el grupo con cardiopatía isquémica. Se encontró una relación directamente proporcional entre los factores de riesgo asociados entre sí y la cardiopatía isquémica. Abstract in english Ischemic Heart Disease is a health problem that takes a great number of lives off and it is a cause of disability all over the world. The objective of this research was to identify clinical and epidemiological aspects that characterize ischemic heart disease in 150 patients (15 years or older), belo [...] nging to three doctor's offices in the Popular Council of "Galope", San Juan y Martinez, Pinar del Rio during January-July 2009. This place presents the greatest incidence and prevalence in the municipality. A descriptive and cross-sectional research was conducted including questioning, physical examination and electrocardiogram to the total of the sample chosen. Data were processed using percentage value and chi square when necessary. In the sample male sex prevailed over the female, and ages older than 56 in both groups. Ischemic heart disease without angina was the prevailing clinical manifestation; meanwhile alterations of the ST-segment were the most common electrocardiographic findings. Smoking, sedentary life and hypertension were the most frequent risk factors in the series, increasing with age and all of them prevailed in the group suffering from ischemic heart disease significantly. A direct relationship between risk factors associated and ischemic heart disease was found.

  1. TÓPICO HISTORIA Y FICCIÓN: HETEROGENEIDAD LATINOAMERICANA EN UMBRAL DE JUAN EMAR / Topic history-fiction: Latin-American heterogeneity in Umbral of Juan Emar

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Malva Marina, Vásquez; Constanza, Vargas.

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available En el apartado Noche 3 de Umbral, Juan Emar se vale de la estrategia de la hibridez genérica al construir una novela-drama que resignifica aportes de la vanguardia metaficcional. Nuestra hipótesis es que mediante la “refuncionalización paródica” (Hutcheon) de la diferencia conceptual entre historia [...] y ficción se despliega una poética vanguardista que acoge el simultaneísmo temporal y espacial. Se trabaja con el enfoque postestructuralista foucaultiano que distingue entre una Historia Global, el metarrelato moderno y una Historia General; la que estudia las discontinuidades en las series temporales. En efecto, la poética de la simultaneidad es en la narrativa emariana un mecanismo dislocador de una serie de oposiciones binarias de la episteme moderna: obra dramática v/s representación teatral, espacio escénico v/s sala de espectadores, autor v/s obra, pasado v/s futuro, arte v/s vida, entre otros. Emar despliega así en forma magistral una propuesta vanguardista que da cuenta de la heterogeneidad de tradiciones culturales como impronta de escritura de un sujeto latinoamericano. Abstract in english In paragraph Night 3 of his novella Umbral, Juan Emar utilices hybridism as a generic strategy in the construction of a novella-drama that assign new meanings to the contributions of the metafictional Avant Garde. Our hipothesis is that throught a “parodic refunctionalization” of the distinction bet [...] ween history and fiction is conveying an Avant Garde poetics that promote the spatial and temporal simultaneity. We work with the foucaultian postestructuralism focus which make a distinction between Global History; the modern metanarrative and a General History; that studies the discontinuities in temporals series. The simultaneity poetic’s is in their narrative a mechanism that dislodges a series of binary oppositions as: dramatic work vs. theatrical representation, scenic space vs auditorium, author vs. work, past vs. future, art vs. life, among others. Emar deploys in a masterly way, his Avant Garde proposal of the heterogeneity of cultural traditions as writing impronta of a Latin-American subject.

  2. Inventario de procesos de remoción en masa de un sector del departamento Iglesia, San Juan / Inventory of landslides processes in a region of the Iglesia Department, San Juan

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    María Yanina, Esper Angillieri.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo presenta un inventario de procesos de remoción en masa, en las cuencas principales que afectan a las localidades de Colangüil, Malimán, Angualasto y Buena Esperanza, ubicadas en el departamento Iglesia, provincia de San Juan, a partir de la interpretación y análisis digital de fotografí [...] as aéreas e imágenes satelitales de diversa resolución. Se analiza en entorno de sistemas de información geográfica (SIG) la ocurrencia de los procesos de remoción en masa en relación a varios factores o variables condicionantes (litología, elevación, pendiente, orientación e insolación). En la zona de estudio se reconocieron tres ambientes morfoestructurales principales, la Precordillera Occidental al este, integrada mayormente por sedimentitas paleozoicas, la Cordillera Frontal al oeste, caracterizada por el volcanismo permo-triásico, ambas separadas por el valle de Iglesia que comprende principalmente los afloramientos paleógenos-neógenos. Los resultados indican que de las 760 geoformas identificadas como procesos de remoción en masa el 45,53 % corresponden a flujos y de ellos el 75,43 % son activos, siendo el principal factor desencadenante las fuertes precipitaciones de carácter torrencial. Abstract in english This study shows an inventory of lanslides, starting from the interpretation and digital analysis of aerial photographs and satellite images of varied resolution, in the main basins which affect the localities of Malimán, Angualasto and Buena Esperanza, in the Iglesia Department, San Juan Province. [...] The occurrence of landslides in relation to several determining factors or variables (lithology, elevation, slope, aspect, and insolation) is analyzed in GIS environment. Three main morphostructural environments have been recognized in the study area: the Western Precordillera to the western, principally made up of paleozoic sedimentites and the Cordillera Frontal to the east, which is characterized by Permo-Triassic volcanism. Both geological provinces are separated by the Iglesia Valley which comprises mainly the paleogene-neogene outcrops. The results indicate that out of the 760 geoforms identified as landslides, 45,53 % corresponds to flows, and from these 75,43 % are active, being the the main triggering agent, the heavy rains.

  3. La Casa de don Juan de Austria en el gobierno de la Monarquía de Felipe IV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koldo TRÁPAGA MONCHET

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available La forma en que se había configurado la Monarquía Hispánica durante los reinados de Carlos V y Felipe II quebró durante la segunda mitad del reinado de Felipe IV, por lo que se hizo necesaria la búsqueda de nuevas fórmulas para que la constitución de la Monarquía volviera a ser viable. El reconocimiento de don Juan de Austria, por parte de Felipe IV, se enmarca en éste proceso mediante el intento de recomposición de las relaciones de la corte de Madrid con los territorios periféricos de la Monarquía, por lo que la trayectoria política de don Juan durante los primeros años estuvo vinculada a la coyuntura y evolución global de la Monarquía. Así lo demuestra su periplo: Portugal, Flandes, gobierno de la Armada marítima para la recuperación de los presidios toscanos y, finalmente, Nápoles. Para llevar a cabo todas esas empresas políticas, Felipe IV situó a su alrededor a una serie de asesores y ministros que conformaron sus sucesivos servicios. En estas líneas se va a proceder al estudio de las mismas, con el fin de comprender el papel político desempeñado por don Juan antes de su llegada a Nápoles en la segunda mitad de 1647.The way in which the Spanish Monarchy was organized during Charles V and Philip II reigns, broke up at the second half of Philip IV reign. So, there was necessary to find new alternatives with which the Spanish Monarchy returned to be viable. The recognition of don John of Austria by Philip IV, must be frame in this process, because it tried to recompose the relationships between the court of Madrid and the other European territories of the Monarchy. So, the earliest years of the political career of don John were connected with the political evolution of the whole Monarchy. His different political destinations prove this: Portugal, Flanders, the government of the royal navy to recover the Presidi Toscani and, finally, the reign of Naples. To obtain the success in all these territories, Philip IV situated around him different advisers and ministers whom composed his successives households. In this paper we will analyze them to understand the political role played by don John before his arrival in Naples at the second half of 1647.

  4. San Juan National Forest Land Management Planning Support System (LMPSS) requirements definition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werth, L. F. (principal investigator)

    1981-01-01

    The role of remote sensing data as it relates to a three-component land management planning system (geographic information, data base management, and planning model) can be understood only when user requirements are known. Personnel at the San Juan National Forest in southwestern Colorado were interviewed to determine data needs for managing and monitoring timber, rangelands, wildlife, fisheries, soils, water, geology and recreation facilities. While all the information required for land management planning cannot be obtained using remote sensing techniques, valuable information can be provided for the geographic information system. A wide range of sensors such as small and large format cameras, synthetic aperture radar, and LANDSAT data should be utilized. Because of the detail and accuracy required, high altitude color infrared photography should serve as the baseline data base and be supplemented and updated with data from the other sensors.

  5. Chagas urbano en San Juan. Diagnóstico, revisión y propuesta para un sistema integrado de ataque

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Carrizo Páez

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available La ciudad de San Juan, Argentina, inserta en un oasis bajo riego, es y fue un área de fuerte prevalencia de la enfermedad de Chagas. Cambios ecológicos y socioambientales del complejo patógeno indican un avance significativo de su vector, Triatoma infestans, desde las zonas rurales, su hábitat tradicional, hacia el centro urbano. En este artículo se discuten los procedimientos empleados para medir este fenómeno, así como las técnicas de representación cartográfica. Tras un análisis geohistórico del problema, se revisa la situación actual a partir del vínculo entre vinchucas y palomas, estas últimas en su condición de reservorios, no facultados para albergar en su torrente sanguíneo el agente Trypanosoma cruzi pero sí para facilitar la movilidad del vector. Se concluye que resulta necesario atacar el problema a través de una estrategia integrada que considere el complejo patógeno con criterio transdisciplinario.REV ARGENT CARDIOL 2008;76:480-487.

  6. PERSPECTIVAS DEL PROCESO DE TITULACIÓN DE TIERRAS EN LA COMUNIDAD CAMPESINA SAN JUAN DE MIRAFLORES, 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roger Ricardo Ríos Ramirez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del trabajo fue evaluar las perspectivas hacia la titulación de tierras en la Comunidad Campesina San Juan de Miraflores (CCSJM.El estudio fue de tipo descriptivo, con un diseño no experimental transversal. Se aplicó un cuestionario estructurado para evaluar perspectivas a una muestra de 353 comuneros seleccionados de manera aleatoria, estratificada y proporcional, previa validación de expertos y con una confiabilidad alfa de Cronbach ? =  0.944.En la CCSJM, las parcelas no tienen las características necesarias para que la agricultura o ganadería se desarrollen, asimismo la actividad campesina no es la principal actividad económica. Asimismo, los comuneros de la CCSJM muestran una perspectiva favorable hacia la titulación de tierras.Por lo tanto, consideramos imperante el proceso de titulación de tierras y la promoción de opciones laborales distintas a las que usualmente realiza un campesino.

  7. Hispano Music and Culture of the Northern Rio Grande: The Juan B. Rael Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-01-01

    The American Folklife Center of the Library of Congress has recently provided online access to this ethnographic field collection of "religious and secular music of Spanish-speaking residents in rural New Mexico and Southern Colorado." Juan Bautista Rael (1900-1993), a Stanford University professor and linguist, collected these recordings of alabados (hymns), folk drama, wedding songs, and dance tunes in 1940 in New Mexico. Textual transcriptions (in Spanish) are available for many of the 146 audio titles. The Research Materials section provides access to recording logs, correspondence about the collection, and the full text of the introduction to Rael's The New Mexican Alabado, as well as the text of an article by Rael on New Mexican Wedding Songs.

  8. Structurally controlled and aligned tight gas reservoir compartmentalization in the San Juan and Piceance Basins

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Decker, A.D.; Kuuskraa, V.A.; Klawitter, A.L.

    1995-10-01

    Recurrent basement faulting is the primary controlling mechanism for aligning and compartmentalizing upper Cretaceous aged tight gas reservoirs of the San Juan and Piceance Basins. Northwest trending structural lineaments that formed in conjunction with the Uncompahgre Highlands have profoundly influenced sedimentation trends and created boundaries for gas migration; sealing and compartmentalizing sedimentary packages in both basins. Fractures which formed over the structural lineaments provide permeability pathways which allowing gas recovery from otherwise tight gas reservoirs. Structural alignments and associated reservoir compartments have been accurately targeted by integrating advanced remote sensing imagery, high resolution aeromagnetics, seismic interpretation, stratigraphic mapping and dynamic structural modelling. This unifying methodology is a powerful tool for exploration geologists and is also a systematic approach to tight gas resource assessment in frontier basins.

  9. Biostratigraphic evidence of dramatic Holocene uplift of Robinson Crusoe Island, Juan Fernández Ridge, SE Pacific Ocean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Sepúlveda

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A study of the biostratigraphy and sedimentology of Holocene deposits on Robinson Crusoe Island (RCI on the Juan Fernández Ridge (JFR indicates that a~dramatic but localized uplift occurred since 8000 BP, at a rate of about 8.5 mm yr?1. In fact, supratidal flats and sand layers with marine gastropods (mostly Nerita sp. are now exposed ca. 70 m a.s.l., and covered by transitional dunes. The last volcanic activity on RCI occurred at ca. 0.8 Ma (active hotspot located 280 km further west and there is no sign of a compensating bulge that explains this uplift, isobaths of the sea floor instead suggesting general subsidence. However, modeling indicates that large-scale landslides followed by isostatic rebound are a viable explanation, partially reflected in the low-resolution bathymetry of the area.

  10. Monitoreo de la calidad de datos GPS continuo: la estacion UNSJ (San Juan, Argentina)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alfredo, Herrada; Silvia, Miranda; Carlos, Fuentes; Oscar, Torres Lobato; Héctor, Pintos; Robert, Smalley (Jr).

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Como parte de la red de referencia de operación continua de Argentina, la estación GPS (Global Positioning System) denominada UNSJ (Universidad Nacional de San Juan) fue establecida en la ciudad de San Juan el 6 de Marzo de 2007. Los datos registrados de UNSJ son ampliamente utilizados en aplicacion [...] es catastrales, y sirven como base para la definición de los marcos de referencia geodésicos nacional y regional. Como una componente fundamental de la infraestructura geodésica, resulta conveniente un eficiente control de calidad de los datos crudos y el monitoreo de la estabilidad de una estación GPS de referencia. En este trabajo se presentan los resultados del control de calidad de las observaciones UNSJ luego de dos anos de operación. Para contro l ar y caracterizar el desempeno del receptor GPS y además el medio ambiente de la estación, se eligieron cuatro índices. Ellos son el número de observaciones, multicamino en L1, multicamino en L2 y ocurrencia de saltos de ciclos. También, se evaluó la estabilidad de largo término de la estación UNSJ a través del análisis de las series temporales de las coordenadas semanales provistas por los centros de cálculo SIRGAS (Sistema de Referencia Geocéntrico para las Américas). Completa este estudio el análisis de las coordenadas calculadas por distintos servicios de procesamiento disponibles en Internet. Nuestros resultados indican que durante el período analizado, el funcionamiento de la estación UNSJ fue satisfactorio, produciendo índices de calidad que son aceptables para estándares internacionales. Abstract in english As a part of the Argentine continuously operating reference station network, a GPS (Global Positioning System) station named UNSJ (Universidad Nacional de San Juan) was established in San Juan city on 6th March 2007. The recorded data of UNSJ are widely applied to cadastral surveys and serve as the [...] basis for defining national and regional geodetic reference frames. As a key component of the geodetic infrastructure, an efficient quality control of raw data and stability monitoring of a GPS reference station is highly convenient. In this study, results of quality control of the UNSJ observations after two year of operation are reported. In order to check and characterize the receiver performance and the station environment, four indices were chosen. They are the number of observations, multipath on L1, multipath on L2 and cycle slips occurrence. Also, the long term stability of UNSJ station was evaluated through the analysis of weekly coordinate time series provided by the SIRGAS (Geocentric Reference System for the Americas) calculus centers. The analysis of the coordinates derived from different online processing services completes this study. The results indicate that during the analyzed period, the functioning of the station UNSJ was satisfactory, producing qualit indexes that are acceptable to international standards.

  11. Rómulo Betancourt, Juan D. Perón y el 17 de octubre de 1945

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Alberto Rivas

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Rómulo Betancourt y Juan D. Perón lideraron movimientos políticos considerados génesis de la democracia de masas en sus respectivos países, jalonada por sendos mítines populares del 17 de octubre de 1945 en Caracas y Buenos Aires, cuyo significado fue realzado como causa del proceso político ulterior. Pese a las diferencias, se destacan algunas semejanzas, tales como el contenido popular de ambos movimientos y cierta base de sustentación castrense. Se incluye un marco explicativo del proceso político venezolano precedente pero, en lo sustancial, el análisis se centra en el breve periodo transcurrido entre finales de la Segunda Guerra y el inicio de la Guerra Fría, cuando se produjeron cambios políticos en Argentina y Venezuela con un gran protagonismo de ambos dirigentes en sus respectivos países y en las recíprocas intromisiones que llevaron a cabo, enfatizando la oposición expresa de Betancourt hacia Perón desde el golpe de Estado del 4 de junio de 1943.

  12. Lista florística comentada de plantas vasculares silvestres en San Juan Quetzalcoapan, Tlaxcala, México

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    Heike Vibrans

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta una lista de 15 especies de pteridofitas y 381 de espermatofitas silvestres que se encontraron entre 1981 y 1993 en alrededor de 9 km2 de superficie al norte del volcán La Malinche. El área de estudio se ubica en las tierras cultivadas y perturbadas de San Juan Quetzalcoapan, municipio de Tzompantepec (2500 m s.n.m.. El principal cultivo es el maíz de temporal. El listado contiene el nombre científico, el nombre común local, la distribución general de la especie, el tipo de hábitat que ocupa en el área de estudio, observaciones sobre frecuencia y usos, los números y fechas de colecta, así como otros comentarios. Con este trabajo se pretende contribuir al conocimiento de la flora de un estado que hasta ahora es poco conocida. Además se muestra que aun ambientes muy alterados de México pueden poseer una diversidad biológica considerable.

  13. Dibaxu: a comparative analysis of Clarisse Nicoïdski'?s and Juan Gelman'?s bilingual poetry

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    Monique Balbuena

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This essay reads Argentine poet Juan Gelman'?s 1994 bilingual Ladino-­Castellano book Dibaxu in light of its intertextual relationship with Franco-­Bosnian author Clarisse Nicoïdski'?s work, especially her 1986 bilingual Ladino-­English poetry collection Lus ojus, las manus, la boca. I return to Gelman'?s text, written in a foreign, diasporic, and Jewish language in order to acknowledge Nicoïdski'?s work not only as a pre-­text, but as a fundamental intertextual source forDibaxu. In doing so, I observe the different reasons these two poets have to use the Ladino language: while Nicoïdski seeks to establish a link with her Sephardic community, Gelman uses the language to escape the limited trappings of a national identity. Both, however, work towards the maintenance, or survival, of Ladino.

  14. Sustainable development and culture - Some reflections for their search in the Alto San Juan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The economic processes in the upstream San Juan River are determined by decisions taken in cultural frames in which the traditional groups and peasants build in hybrid forms of existence according with their own history and the availability of resources in the territory. In this way, they alternate different production systems that introduce them in different social and economic groups: local, zonal, regional, national and trans national; each one with a specific rationality, impacting in a particular way, in agreement with the system of dominant production over the environment. The features of the society and culture that impact the economic decision making can be revealed and strengthened in a coherent strategy that respects the regional and group specificities and that looks for the sustainable development of the region

  15. Environmental Sensitivity Index (ESI) Atlas: Puget Sound and Strait of Juan de Fuca, maps and geographic information systems data (NODC Accession 0013952)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set comprises the Environmental Sensitivity Index (ESI) data for the Puget Sound and Strait of Juan de Fuca from 1978 to 2006. ESI data characterize...

  16. Sensitivity of Coastal Environments and Wildlife to Spilled Oil: Puget Sound and Strait of Juan de Fuca, Washington: INVERT (Invertebrate Polygons)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains sensitive biological resource data for clams, oysters, crabs, and other invertebrate species in Puget Sound and Strait of Juan de Fuca,...

  17. Sensitivity of Coastal Environments and Wildlife to Spilled Oil: Puget Sound and Strait of Juan de Fuca, Washington: M_MAMPT (Marine Mammal Points)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains sensitive biological resource data for sea otters, sea lions, and harbor seals in Puget Sound and Strait of Juan de Fuca, Washington. Vector...

  18. Sensitivity of Coastal Environments and Wildlife to Spilled Oil: Puget Sound and Strait of Juan de Fuca, Washington: FISH (Fish Polygons)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains sensitive biological resource data for forage fish in Puget Sound and Strait of Juan de Fuca, Washington. Vector polygons in this data set...

  19. Sensitivity of Coastal Environments and Wildlife to Spilled Oil: Puget Sound and Strait of Juan de Fuca, Washington: FISHL (Fish Lines)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains sensitive biological resource data for marine, estuarine, and anadromous fish in Puget Sound and Strait of Juan de Fuca, Washington. Vector...

  20. Nuevas reflexiones sobre las pinturas incrustadas de concha y el trabajo de Juan y Miguel González

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sonia I., Ocaña Ruiz.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available A partir de la escasa información documental que se conoce, este artículo discute la participación de Miguel y Juan González -autores de numerosas pinturas incrustadas de concha, cuyo origen se liga a ellos- en el gremio novohispano de pintores, así como su relación con otros agremiados. El texto ab [...] orda su supuesta ascendencia asiática, así como la cronología de su producción. Con base en una selección de obras se advierte la heterogeneidad de su trabajo y lo difícil que es precisar la autoría de numerosos ejemplares sin firma, además de las limitaciones del análisis estilístico ante la diversidad de la factura de las obras firmadas. Finalmente, se observa que esta producción rebasó el trabajo de los González y posee una riqueza digna de más análisis. Abstract in english On the basis of the little extant documentary information, this article discusses the participation of Miguel and Juan González-artists to whom numerous paintings with mother-of-pearl encrustation are attributed-in New Spain's guild of painters, as well as their relations with other members of the g [...] uild. e text deals with the alleged Asian origins of the technique as well as the chronology of production. Addressing a selection of these paintings, the article stresses the heterogeneity of these works and the diculty of ascertaining the authorship of numerous unsigned items, as well as the limitations faced by stylistic analysis in view of the stylistic and technical diversity of those works that are signed. Finally it points out that this production is the fruit of more hands than those of the González brothers and stresses its richness that merits further analysis.

  1. Juan G[onzález-Blanco]. de Luaces: el traductor desconocido de la posguerra española

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    Ortega Sáez, Marta

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Not much has been written about the most prolific translator of post-war Spain: Juan G[onzález-Blanco]. de Luaces. During the forties he published more than a hundred translations into Spanish. Biographer, novelist and poet, Luaces was one more example of an intellectual whose career was cut short after the victory of the “nationalists” and the establishment of the Franco dictatorship. The severe censorship imposed at all levels forced him to leave aside his job as a writer to devote practically his entire life to translating in order to maintain his family. The main purpose of the following article is to offer a biographical account of a forgotten Spaniard in an attempt to contribute, albeit modestly, to recovering the country’s historical memory.Poco se ha escrito hasta el momento sobre quien podría ser denominado el traductor más prolífico de la posguerra española: Juan G[onzález-Blanco]. de Luaces. En la década de los cuarenta publicó más de cien traducciones al español. Biógrafo, novelista y poeta, Luaces fue uno de tantos intelectuales españoles cuya trayectoria profesional se vio truncada por el estallido de la Guerra Civil española y la victoria del bando “nacional”. La imposición de la dictadura franquista y la subsiguiente censura le obligó a dejar de lado su labor de escritor para dedicarse en cuerpo y alma al oficio de la traducción y poder, así, mantener a su familia. El objeto del siguiente artículo es relatar la vida de este personaje abandonado en el olvido con el afán de contribuir a completar, de forma modesta, la memoria histórica de un período de nuestra historia en el que aún quedan muchas ausencias por suplir.

  2. / MONITORING ORGANOCHLORINE PESTICIDES IN SURFACE AND GROUND WATER IN SAN JUAN ARGENTINA

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Omar Miguel, Baudino; Eduardo Armando, Suero; Miriam, Augusto; Myriam E., Gimenez; Nora, Flores.

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available The level of contamination with organochlorine pesticides and the occurrence of their degradation products in the basins of the two main rivers, San Juan and Jáchal, of the Province of San Juan, Argentina, were determined. Surface and ground water samples from both river basins were evaluated by cap [...] illary GC and results confirmed with Mass Spectrometry. Chemicals investigated were: alfa-hexachlorocyclohexane (alpha-HCH); beta-hexachlorocyclohexane (beta-HCH); gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane (gamma-HCH); delta-hexachlorocyclohexane (delta-HCH); Heptachlor; Heptachlor epoxide; Aldrin; Dieldrin; Endosulfan I; Endosulfan II; 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2 bis (p-chlorophenyl) ethane (p,p´ DDT; 1,1-dichloro-2,2 bis (p-chlorophenyl) ethylene (p-'DDE); 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis (p,p'-chlorophenyl) ethane (p-p'DDD); 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis-(o,p'-chlorophenyl) ethane (o-p'DDD); Methoxychlor; Endrin. Concentrations found for beta-HCH and Dieldrin were above the maximum permissible values recommended by international organizations (E.C. Council Directive 1980). Mean values found in positive samples were 14.20 mug/L (0.01 - 208.10) and 9.35 mug/L (0.07 - 145.00) for b-HCH and Dieldrin, respectively. For a total number of 314 samples, the percentage of positive samples ranged from 68.6 % for Heptachlor to 16 % for Aldrin. Concentration values and the percentage of positive samples in ground water were significantly lower than those found in surface water. In some surface samples, the values were higher than the allowed maximum (1 to 3 mug/L). Samples taken in different seasons did not show significant differences

  3. Fallas cuaternarias con vergencias opuestas entre precordillera central y oriental, provincia de San Juan

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Laura, Perucca; Franck, Audemard; Ana, Pantano; Horacio, Vargas; Carlos, Avila; María, Onorato; Gabriela, Lara; María, Esper.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Se describen en este trabajo numerosas deformaciones cuaternarias presentes en el relleno sedimentario de la depresión longitudinal Matagusanos-Maradona-Acequión, ubicada entre la Precordillera Central y Oriental, en la provincia de San Juan, en el centro-oeste argentino. Esta depresión está surcada [...] por estructuras frágiles submeridianas, afectando a depósitos aluviales pleistocenos y holocenos, y están organizadas según dos sistemas con vergencias opuestas: uno con vergencia oriental y estilo de piel fina, a semejanza de la Precordillera Central, y otro convergencia occidental y piel gruesa, como el de Precordillera Oriental, hecho que manifestaría la presencia de una zona triangular de piel gruesa. Este arreglo estructural se manifiesta prácticamente a lo largo de toda la depresión analizada, variando sin embargo, la posición del eje de dicha zona triangular hacia el este o el oeste. Abstract in english We herein present numerous evidence of Quaternary deformation within the fill of the Matagusanos-Maradona-Acequión depression, located between the Precordillera Central and Oriental, in the San Juan province of central-western Argentina. The Pleistocene-Holocene alluvial fill of this depression is c [...] rosscut by north-south trending thrust faults, arranged in two major trends of opposite vergency: a thin-skinned east verging one, very similar to the Precordillera Central style of deformation, and a second basement-involved west-verging one, resembling the structural style of the Precordillera Oriental, fact indicating the presence of a thick-skinned triangle zone. This structural configuration is present along most of this tectonic depression, although varying the position of the axis of this triangular area to the east and west.

  4. Piomiositis en el Hospital San Juan de Dioas, Armenia, Quindío Pyomyositis: report of twelve cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilsen Ruiz

    1990-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Se presenta una serie de 12 pacientes con piomiositis, diagnosticados entre 1983 y 1988 en el Hospital Universitario San Juan de Dios, de Armenia, Quindío. Se trata de la casuística más numerosa informada hasta ahora en Colombia sobre esta enfermedad e incluye cuatro casos de etiología diferente al Staphylococcus aureus, a saber: tres por Staphylococcus epidermidis y uno por Klebsiella oxytoca. Clínicamente y por laboratorio no hubo diferencias significativas según la etiología. El antecedente de trauma fue Infrecuente (25%, la utilidad diagnóstica de la determinación de las enzimas séricas dé origen muscular muy baja y el ultrasonido muy útil en la localización del absceso muscular.

    We report on a series of 12 patients with pyomyositis, diagnosed at Hospital Universitario San Juan de Dios, Armenia, Quindío, Colombia, between 1983 and 1988; It Is the most numerous series reported so far in Colombia and It Includes four cases caused by bacteria different from Staphylococcus aureus,  namely: Staphylococcus epidermidis (3 and Klebsiella oxytoca (1 . History of previous trauma was infrequently found (25%; the usefuiness of serum enzymes (Creatine kinase, Lactlc dehydrogenase and Aspartate aminotransferase was poor; ultrasound proved to be helpful in localizing the abscesses.

  5. Juan of Segovia’s Translation of the Qur’?n

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    Roth, Ulli

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available John of Segovia (1393-1458 is together with Nicolaus Cusanus one of the most important theologians of the 15th century. His struggle for peace and consensus during the council of Basel culminated in his engagement for interreligious communication in the last years of his life. After the fall of Constantinople in 1453, he prepared a new approach towards the Islam. Not crusade, but interreligious communication based on thorough knowledge of the religion of the other should result in peace, either through converting the other or at least convincing him to stop warfare. Therefore John of Segovia initiated a new translation of the Qur’?n into Spanish, which he himself translated into Latin. This article outlines the history of this famous project and illustrates its main characteristics with examples taken from fragments of this first polyglot translation of the Qur’?n.Junto a Nicolás de Cusa, Juan de Segovia (1393-1458 fue uno de los teólogos más importantes del siglo XV. Sus esfuerzos por llegar a una paz y a un consenso durante el concilio de Basilea culminaron con un compromiso de comunicación interreligiosa en los últimos años de su vida. Después de la caída de Constantinopla en el año 1453, preparó un nuevo acercamiento hacia el Islam. Ya no se trataba de una cruzada, sino de realizar una comunicación entre religiones basada en un conocimiento profundo de la religión del otro, lo que creía que resultaría en una paz a través de la conversión del otro o, al menos, a través del convencimiento de que dejaría la guerra. Juan de Segovia comenzó así la tarea de traducir de nuevo el Corán al castellano, que él mismo había traducido al latín. Este artículo muestra la historia de este famoso proyecto ilustrando sus características más llamativas con ejemplos tomados de esta primera traducción políglota del Corán.

  6. Las dimisorias del P. Juan Francisco Romero, Procurador General de la Compañía de Jesús en Filipinas

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    Santiago LORENZO GARCÍA

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La llegada de la orden de expulsión de los jesuítas a Filipinas creó una grave crisis en su vida religiosa. Como demuestra el episodio de las dimisorias del P. Procurador Juan Francisco Romero, entre las máximas autoridades jesuítas afloraron enemistades que dieron paso a abiertas contiendas. En esta coyuntura, el Arzobispo de Manila rescató la cuestión de la Visita Pastoral y salieron a relucir planteamientos regalistas y propuestas que defendían la independencia de las religiones de poderes externos. El gobierno político de las Islas tampoco se mantuvo al margen en estas disputas. La temida cohesión de la Compañía de Jesús en el archipiélago acabó siendo herida de muerte; el regalismo también asomaba la cabeza en el otro rincón del mundo, allí donde los regulares habían creído que su independencia estaba más asegurada. Palabras clave·. Compañía de Jesús, expulsión de los jesuítas, regalismo, Islas Filipinas, siglo xvm.ABSTRACT: The arrival of the expulsion decree of the Jesuits in the Philippines created a serious crisis in their religious life. As the episode of the Father procurator Juan Francisco Romero's «dimisorias» shows, enmities arose among the highest Jesuits authorities, which gave rise to open disputes. On this occasion, the Archbishop of Manila recovered the question of the Pastoral Visitation, and regalist points of view and proposals appeared, wich defended the independence of religions from external authorities. The political government of the Islands did not stay out of these disputes either. The feared cohesion of the Society of Jesus in the archipelago ended up being deadly wounded; the regalism was also appearing in the other corner of the world, where the regulars had thought their independence was more assured.

  7. ENTEROPARASITOSIS EN HOSPITAL"SAN JUAN DE DIOS", ILLAPEL, CHILE. 1995

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    Shu Hsing Chen

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de los resultados de 712 exámenes coproparasitológicos a los que se les había efectuado por el método de Burrows en el Hospital "San Juan de Dios", Illapel IV° Región, Chile, durante 1995. Los resultados fueron separados por edad, sexo, estación del año, ruralidad y especie. Al analizar los resultados se encontró que el 39,4% de los exámenes estaban infectados ya sea por enteroparásitos patógenos o comensales. No hubo diferencias den los resultados obtenidos en cuanto al sexo y las estaciones del año. Se encontró mayor porcentaje de infección en pacientes provenientes de zonas rurales 54% versus 36,9%. Se observó que el 12,8% de los de los individuos tenían infecciones con dos o más especies. Las tres especies más frecuentes fueron Blastocystis hominis (18,4%, Endolimax nana (10,5% y Entamoeba coli (9,7% y Enterobius vermicularis (15,4%.ENTEROPARASITES AT THE SAN JUAN DE DIOS HOSPITAL, ILLAPEL, CHILE, 1995 A retrospective study was performed in stool samples examined by Burrows method and Graham technique applid to 212 persons from Illapel,Chile ,during 1995. Infection by parasites and /or commensals was demostrated in 280(39.4%stool samples. More positive stool sample was found in rural patient(54% versus 36,9%. Two third part of stool was infected by one specie. The most frequent agent was Blastocystis hominis (184%, followed by Enterobius vermicularis (15.4% Endolimax nana (10.5% and finally Entamoeba coli (28.4%.

  8. La mística al revés en el cuento "Rito" de Juan García Ponce / The Mystical Backwards in the Story "Rito" by Juan García Ponce

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alfredo, Rosas Martínez.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available La mística no siempre ha transitado por el mismo camino ni en el mismo sentido. En algunas obras de literatura se presenta como una mística al revés. En el cuento "Rito", de Juan García Ponce, se lleva a cabo un proceso místico transitando los caminos del mal. A partir de la desnudez del cuerpo de u [...] na mujer joven y hermosa, del erotismo y del acto sexual se pretende que el Espíritu de la Divinidad se manifieste. En este cuento está presente la transgresión y la perversión de las normas sociales de comportamiento dentro del matrimonio. Los personajes del cuento, Liliana y Arturo, son esposos. Sin embargo, les gusta practicar un rito en el cual se invita a cenar a un individuo desconocido. De lo que se trata es de poner en práctica "las leyes de la hospitalidad" que el escritor francés Pierre Klossowski propone en sus novelas Roberte, esta noche y en La revocación del Edicto de Nantes. En el nivel profano, el esposo, como Señor de la casa, debe acceder al nivel místico de Anfitrión; a su vez, la Señora de la casa, como esposa, debe acceder al nivel místico de Anfitriona. Para ello, el esposo debe ofrecer a su esposa al invitado, como Tercero desconocido. El esposo, como Anfitrión, contempla el acto sexual de su esposa con el invitado: ella es la Anfitriona; y el Tercero desconocido funciona como el elemento angelical que comunica lo profano con lo sagrado. En el acto sexual y en la desnudez del cuerpo de la hermosa mujer se manifiesta el Espíritu de la Divinidad. Abstract in english Mysticism has not always gone through the same road nor in the same sense. In some works of literature it is presented as an inverted mysticism. In the story "Rito", by Juan García Ponce, a mystical process is performed traversing the ways of evil. Commencing with the nakedness of a Young beautiful [...] woman's body, the eroticism and the sexual act, it is intendend that the Spirit of Divinity manifests itself. In this story the transgression and perversion of the social norms of behavior within marriage is present. The characters in the story, Liliana and Arturo are spouses. However, they like to practice a ritual in which they invite to dinner an unknown individual. The purpose is to put into practice the "laws of hospitality" that the French writer Pierre Klossowski proposed in his novels Roberte tonight and Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. In the secular level, the husband, as master of the house, must access the mystical level of Host; in turn, the Mistress of the house, as wife, must access the mystical level of Hostess. Thus, the husband must offer his wife to the guest, as the unknown Third. The husband, as Host, contemplates his wife's sexual act with the guest: she is the hostess; and the unknown Third functions as the angelic element that connects the profane to the sacred. In the sexual act and in the nakedness of the beautiful woman's body is manifest the Spirit of Divinity.

  9. Programa educativo sobre hábitos bucales deformantes en escolares del seminternado Juan José Fornet Piña / Education Program on Deforming Oral Habits in Students of Juan José Fornet Piña School

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Noraydi, Ruiz Feria; José Eduardo, Díaz Morell; Elizabeta Migdalia, Rodríguez Carracedo; Elisa, Álvarez Infante; Yaneet, Vargas Morales; Michel, Soberats Zaldívar.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: para el logro de la salud bucal es importante el control de los hábitos bucales deformantes, comunes en los niños por su repercusión en el desarrollo, como indudable causa primaria o secundaria, de maloclusiones que provocan deformaciones tanto en el orden biológico, psíquico, como soc [...] ial y económico. Objetivo: evaluar la efectividad de un programa educativo sobre hábitos bucales deformantes. Método: se realizó un estudio cuasiexperimental de intervención antes y después en escolares de tercer y cuarto grado del seminternado Juan José Fornet Piña durante el período de enero de 2011 a enero 2012. El universo estuvo constituido por 320 escolares y la muestra quedó conformada por 90 escolares, de ellos, 44 hembras y 46 varones que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Se aplicó un cuestionario, antes y después de la intervención, para medir el nivel de conocimiento sobre hábitos bucales deformantes encontrándose al inicio que 82 escolares (91,11 %) poseían conocimiento inadecuado, por lo que se realizó un programa de actividades mediante técnicas educativas y afectivo-participativas, juegos didácticos y un software educativo (Softdent versión 1.0), que permitieron proporcionarles un grado de información factible para elevar su nivel de conocimiento. Resultados: se logró que 78 escolares (86,67 %) adquirieran un nivel de conocimiento adecuado con predominio en el sexo femenino. Solo 12 (13,33 %) lo mantuvieron inadecuado. Las diferencias observadas antes y después fueron altamente significativas (p Abstract in english Introduction: to achieve oral health it is important to control deforming oral habits, which is common in children because of its effect on their development, and undoubted it is the primary or secondary cause of malocclusions which cause deformations in the biological, psychological social and econ [...] omic aspects. Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness of an education program on deforming oral habits. Method: a quasi-experimental study was performed before and after the intervention in third and fourth grade children of Juan José Fornet Piña School from January 2011 to January 2012. The universe consisted of 320 children and the sample was composed of 90, of which 44 were females and 46 males, who met the inclusion criteria. A questionnaire was applied before and after the intervention to measure the level of knowledge on deforming oral habits. At the beginning 82 students (91.11 %) had inadequate knowledge, a program on activities through affective educational and participatory techniques, learning games and educational software (Softdent version 1.0) was developed, which allowed a degree of providing feasible to improve the children´s level of awareness. Results: 78 students (86.67 %) acquired an adequate knowledge predominantly in females. Only 12 (13.33%) remained inadequate knowledge. The differences observed before and after were highly significant (p

  10. Dinámica eólica e hídrica en el sistema de Médanos Grandes, SE de San Juan, Argentina / Aeolian and hydric dynamic in the Medanos Grandes system, SE San Juan, Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Graciela, Pastrán; Eduardo, Martínez Carretero; Manuel, Mamani; Alberto, Vich; Víctor, Sánchez.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available En los sistemas sammófilos los factores ecológicos más importantes son el movimiento de arena y la disponibilidad de agua. En este trabajo se describe la dinámica eólica e hídrica en crestas e intermédanos del sistema de los Médanos Grandes de San Juan, mediante el análisis del movimiento eólico de [...] arena, los volúmenes de arena removidos por erosión hídrica medidos en cubetas y estudios topográficos y geofísicos para determinar el perfil de humedad del suelo. En las crestas dominan los procesos eólicos, sin la formación de nebkhas y con diferencias en el movimiento de arena en función de la cobertura vegetal. Para el período de estudio en las crestas con cobertura vegetal menor al 5% el movimiento de arena fue de -0,361 m³/m, mientras que en las crestas con cobertura de hasta el 35 % fue de -0,017 m³/m. Estos ambientes presentaron resistividades entre 5000 a 6000 O.m correspondientes a menos de 0,6 gr de agua/100 gr de arena en los primeros metros de profundidad. En los intermédanos las variaciones en la depositación y erosión eólica neta para el período de estudio fue de 0,032 m³/m, mientras que la tasa media de erosión hídrica fue de 0,184m³/año. En cuanto a la disponibilidad de agua se detectaron valores de resistividad entre 500 y 700 O.m a a 5 m de profundidad que corresponden a un bulbo húmedo (agua capilar aislada) con valores de 1,21g a 2g de agua/100 g de arena. Abstract in english In psammophilous systems the most important ecological factors are the sand movement and water disponibility. In this paper is described the aeolian and hydrical dinamism in crests and inter sand-dunes in the Medanos Grandes system (San Juan), analyzing the aeolian sand movement, volumes of sand rem [...] oval by hydric erosion registered in erosion registered in canvas and by topographic and geophysic studies determining the soil profile of humidity. In crests domain aeolian processes, without nebkhas formation and with differences in sand movement according to plant cover. For the studied period, in crests with plant cover less than 5% sand movement was -0,361 m³/m (agradation), while -0,017 m³/m when plant cover was up to 35%. These environments showed resistivities between 5000 and 6000 O.m, belonging to less 0.6 g water/100 g sand, in the first meters of depth. In inter sand-dunes variations in both net depositation and aeolian erosion, for the studied period, was 0.032 m³/m, while the water (hydric) mean erosion rate was 0.184 m³/year. On the other hand, resistivity values between 500 and 700 O.m were detected to 5 m deep, belonging to a wet bulb (isolated capillary water) with values 1.21 to 2 g water/100 g sand.

  11. Presencia de Coryphaenoides subserrulatus Makushok, 1976 cerca del archipiélago de Juan Fernández, Chile (Osteichthyes: Gadiformes: Macrouridae) / Presence of Coryphaenoides subserrulatus Makushok, 1976 near Juan Fernández archipelago, Chile (Osteichthyes: Gadiformes: Macrouridae)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Germán, Pequeño; Rodrigo, Vera.

    Full Text Available Tres ejemplares de Coryphaenoides subserrulatus Makushok, 1976, capturados entre el archipiélago de Juan Fernández y la costa central de Chile, confirman la existencia de esta especie en el Pacífico sur oriental, situación dudosa hasta antes de la realización de este estu [...] dio. Además, se indica por primera vez que esta especie invade levemente la placa de Nazca en su sector oriental Abstract in english Three specimens of Coryphaenoides subserrulatus Makushok, 1976, captured between the Juan Fernández archipelago and the central coast of Chile, represent a reassertion about the geographical distribution of this species in the south eastern Pacific ocean. These specimens [...] confirm the existence of such species in that area of the Pacific ocean, which was doubtful until now and shows its invasion in the easternmost side of the Nazca plate

  12. Presencia de Coryphaenoides subserrulatus Makushok, 1976 cerca del archipiélago de Juan Fernández, Chile (Osteichthyes: Gadiformes: Macrouridae Presence of Coryphaenoides subserrulatus Makushok, 1976 near Juan Fernández archipelago, Chile (Osteichthyes: Gadiformes: Macrouridae

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    Germán Pequeño

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Tres ejemplares de Coryphaenoides subserrulatus Makushok, 1976, capturados entre el archipiélago de Juan Fernández y la costa central de Chile, confirman la existencia de esta especie en el Pacífico sur oriental, situación dudosa hasta antes de la realización de este estudio. Además, se indica por primera vez que esta especie invade levemente la placa de Nazca en su sector orientalThree specimens of Coryphaenoides subserrulatus Makushok, 1976, captured between the Juan Fernández archipelago and the central coast of Chile, represent a reassertion about the geographical distribution of this species in the south eastern Pacific ocean. These specimens confirm the existence of such species in that area of the Pacific ocean, which was doubtful until now and shows its invasion in the easternmost side of the Nazca plate

  13. La enfermería de la Orden de San Juan de Dios en el Chile colonial / The Hospitaller Order of Saint John of God in Colonial Chile / A enfermagem da Ordem de San Juan de Dios no Chile colonial

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Julia Cristobalina, Huaiquián-Silva; José, Siles-González; Ana Luisa, Velandia-Mora.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: descrever as práticas de enfermagem no Chile durante a época colonial enfatizando a influência da Espanha nesse processo. Método: pesquisa qualitativa de abordagem sócio-histórica; as fontes primárias correspondem a textos históricos do Chile, recuperados na Biblioteca Virtual Memória Chil [...] ena, e a 34 documentos recopilados no Arquivo Museu San Juan de Dios, Casa de los Pisa, em Granada, Espanha, intitulados "Lista dos Irmãos de San Juan de Dios que moravam no Chile (207 anos) e um índice de documentos inéditos copiados dos arquivos histórico nacional e do antigo hospital, por Faustino Calvo". A coleta da informação foi realizada com ficha documental confeccionada pela pesquisadora, complementada com fotografias. A análise dos dados se realizou por meio de análise de conteúdo. Resultados: a Ordem de San Juan de Dios chegou ao Chile em 1617 aos hospitais de Santiago e Concepción, e se expandiu às cidades de La Serena, Valparaíso, San Juan de la Frontera, Talca, Chillan, Concepción e Valdivia. Por mais de duzentos anos, a Ordem permaneceu no Chile oferecendo assistência hospitalar e de enfermagem por meio dos cuidados religiosos. Conclusão: com a chegada da Ordem ao país, melhorou indiscutivelmente a organização dos cuidados de saúde no interior dos hospitais que, a partir dessa data, foram administrados de forma organizada, com altos padrões de higiene e limpeza, vigilando sigilosamente a alimentação de seus pacientes e com uma grande preocupação por oferecer assistência espiritual aos que necessitassem de seus serviços. Abstract in spanish Objetivo: describir las prácticas de enfermería en Chile durante la época colonial, prestando especial atención a la influencia de España en dicho proceso. Método: investigación cualitativa de abordaje socio-histórico; las fuentes primarias corresponden a textos históricos de Chile recuperados en la [...] Biblioteca Virtual Memoria Chilena, y a 34 documentos recopilados en el Archivo Museo San Juan de Dios, Casa de los Pisa, en Granada, España, titulados "Listado de los hermanos de San Juan de Dios que vivían en Chile (207 años) y un índice de documentos inéditos copiados de los archivos histórico nacional y del antiguo hospital, por Faustino Calvo". La recolección de la información se efectuó con ficha documental confeccionada por la investigadora, complementada con fotografías. El análisis de los datos se realizó a través de análisis de contenido. Resultados: la Orden de San Juan de Dios llegó a Chile en el año 1617 a los hospitales de Santiago y Concepción y se expandió a las ciudades de La Serena, Valparaíso, San Juan de la Frontera, Talca, Chillan, Concepción y Valdivia. Por más de doscientos años la Orden permaneció en Chile brindando asistencia hospitalaria y de enfermería a través de los cuidados religiosos. Conclusión: con la llegada de la Orden al país mejoró indiscutiblemente la organización de los cuidados de salud al interior de los hospitales, que a partir de esa fecha se administraron de forma organizada, con altos estándares de higiene y limpieza, vigilando sigilosamente la alimentación de sus pacientes y con una gran preocupación por brindar asistencia espiritual a quienes necesitasen de sus servicios. Abstract in english Objective: Nursing practices in Chile during the colonial era are described in this research, with special attention to Spain's influence on the process. Method: It is a qualitative study with a social-historical approach. The primary sources are historical texts retrieved from the so-called Chilean [...] Memory in the National Virtual Library of Chile and 34 documents collected from the archives of the Saint John of God Museum, Pisa House, in Granada, Spain, entitled "List of the Brothers of Saint John of God who lived in Chile (207 years) and an Index of Unpublished Documents Copied from the National Historical Archives and those of the Old Hospital by Faustino Calvo." The data, collected through the use of a documentary record designed by

  14. Nuevos registros de moluscos carboníferos en la sierra del Tontal, Precordillera de San Juan A new Carboniferous mollusk record from the Tontal Range, Precordillera of San Juan

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    R.R. Lech

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Se da a conocer una asociación de moluscos fósiles, Peruvispira aff. 'P'. sueroi, Nuculopsis? sp. y Limipecten sp., hallada en la Formación Ciénaga Larga del Tontal. Esta formación aflora en el faldeo occidental de la sierra del Tontal, al este de la región de Rincón Blanco, Precordillera de San Juan. Las dos primeras especies se encuentran en la zona fosilífera 1, junto a Aseptella? sp. y Productella sp., en tanto que Limpecten sp. se presenta en la zona fosilífera 4 junto a gasterópodos y bivalvos indeterminados. Considerando la asociación de braquiópodos fósiles y el contenido de palinomorfos presentes en la Formación Ciénaga Larga del Tontal se estima que su edad estaría comprendida entre lo más tardío del Carbonífero Temprano y el Carbonífero Tardío.An association of fossils mollusks integrated by Peruvispira aff. 'P'. sueroi, Nuculopsis? sp. and Limipecten sp. found in the Ciénaga Larga del Tontal Formation is reported in this contribution. This Upper Paleozoic formation crops out along part of the western slope of the Tontal Range, quite close to the highest part of it, and right to the east of the area of Rincón Blanco where Triassic deposits crop out. The two first mentioned species belong to the Fossil Zone 1, along with Aseptella ? sp., and Productella sp., while Limpecten sp. was found in the Fossil Zone 4, along with undetermined gastropods and bivalves. Taking into account the complete fossil association, and also considering the palynomorphs determined in the same formation, we estimate the age of the Ciénaga Larga del Tontal Formation to span from the late Lower Carboniferous until the late Upper Carboniferous.

  15. Prácticas campesinas en emplazamientos agrícolas formativos.: El caso del Alto Juan Pablo (Belén, Catamarca) / Peasant practices in rural locations of the formative period: the case of Alto Juan Pablo (Belén, Catamarca)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mariana, Maloberti.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A través de la investigación que aquí presentamos, buscamos indagar en las prácticas campesinas que configuraron, durante el Formativo, un emplazamiento exclusivamente agrícola ubicado en el sector septentrional del valle El Bolsón: Alto Juan Pablo. El estudio de estas prácticas fueron abordadas des [...] de múltiples aproximaciones, entre las cuales incluimos, en primer lugar el análisis de la configuración de las estructuras agrícolas y la consiguiente generación de secuencias constructivas de los espacios productivos. En segundo lugar, aplicamos algunas técnicas para conocer las actividades de los campesinos que habitaron el Alto Juan Pablo, lo cual nos ayudó a aproximarnos a su vida cotidiana en torno a la producción de alimentos. Entre estas técnicas contamos con el estudio del conjunto lítico recuperado en superficie y el análisis múltiple de microfósiles provenientes de sedimentos de estructuras agrícolas y su caracterización pedológica. A través de estos abordajes, logramos tener una imagen de las prácticas por medio de las cuales el sitio fue corporizado, así como también de la forma particular de habitar ese espacio. Abstract in english In this article, we present a study focusing on productive practices that shaped an exclusively agricultural site, located at the north of El Bolsón valley: Alto Juan Pablo. This study was carried out from multiple approaches including, in first place, the analysis of the configuration of agricultur [...] al structures and the consequent generation of construction sequences of these productive spaces. Second, we include some technical strategies for understanding the activities of the peasants who inhabited the Alto Juan Pablo, and their everyday life around food production. These strategies include the study of lithic assemblage and a multiple analysis of microfossils from sediments recovered from the agricultural structures and their pedological characterization. Through these research, we intend to think the practices through which the site was embodied and the particular way of dwell that space.

  16. Caracterización de las superficies agrícolas y sus volúmenes de irrigación en la cuenca del río San Juan, México / Characterization of agricultural areas and irrigation volumes in the San Juan river basin, Mexico

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José, Návar; Efraín, Rodríguez Téllez.

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available El manejo sustentable de los recursos hidrológicos de la cuenca del rio San Juan es prioritario para el desarrollo regional del nordeste de México. En este trabajo se cualificaron las superficies agrícolas con riego y se predijeron los caudales necesarios para irrigar la superficie bajo tres diferen [...] tes escenarios de precipitación, como una forma de inventariar la necesidad de agua por el sector agrícola. La superficie agrícola total ascendió a 172 000 ha los cultivos más comunes fueron el maíz, el sorgo y los cítricos. Los caudales de agua necesarios para irrigar la superficie agrícola se aproximaron a 1 319, 1 688 y 188 mm³ año-1 cuando se presentan precipitaciones con un 50, 20 y 80% de ocurrencia en la cuenca del río San Juan. La agricultura bajo riego contribuye a disminuir el gasto, conllevar una mayor extracción de agua de los ríos para satisfacer los usos consuntivos de los cultivos cuando existen sequías. Se enfatiza la necesidad de implementar prácticas de manejo sustentable de recursos hidrológicos como una alternativa para amortiguar los cambios potenciales en las superficies agrícolas. Abstract in english The sustainable management of hydrological resources in the San Juan river basin is top-priority for the regional development of Northeastern Mexico. This research report quantified irrigated agricultural areas, and water volumes required for irrigation were predicted under three rainfall scenarios, [...] as an approach to build an inventory of water requirements by the farming sector. The total agricultural area amounted 172 999 hectares, the commonest crops being corn, sorghum and citric fruits. Water volumes required for irrigation approximated 1 319, 1 688 and 188 mm3 year-1 under probability of rainfall occurrence scenarios of 50, 20 and 80% the San Juan river basin. Irrigation agriculture contributes to reduce expenses, leads to a higher water extraction from rivers to satisfy farming consumption when drought periods occur. The need to implement sustainable hydrological resource management practices is stressed, as an alternative to ameliorate potential changes in agricultural areas.

  17. Fé e ideologia na teologia da libertação: inter-relações na obra de Juan Luis Segundo / Faith and ideology in the liberation theology: interrelationships in the work of Juan Luis Segundo / Fe e ideología en la teología de la liberación: interrelaciones en la obra de Juan Luis Segundo

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    ALVORI, AHLERT.

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Este texto é o resultado de uma pesquisa que buscou a compreensão da ideologia em sua relação com a fé na teologia latino-americana a partir da concepção de fé antropológica na obra de Juan Luis Segundo. Acreditamos que a questão da ideologia e sua relação com a fé continuam sendo uma questão atual [...] no pensamento cristão, face aos velhos e novos problemas humanos que o novo século vem apresentando. Concentramos nossa análise nos escritos de Juan Luis Segundo, um dos principais representantes dessa teologia, por ser este teólogo que, a nosso ver, mais trabalhou, de forma explícita, a questão da ideologia e sua relação com a fé no contexto latinoamericano. Abstract in spanish Este texto es el resultado de una investigación la cual indagó la comprensión de la ideología en relación con la fe, en la teología latinoamericana a partir de la concepción de fe antropológica, en la obra de Juan Luis Segundo. Creemos que el asunto de la ideología y su relación con la fe, continúan [...] siendo una cuestión actual, dentro del pensamiento cristiano ante los viejos y nuevos problemas humanos, que el nuevo siglo nos ha venido presentando. El presente texto se concentra, en los escritos de Juan Luis Segundo uno de los principales exponentes de la teología latinoamericana, quien a nuestro parecer ha trabajado de manera más explícita, sobre la ideología y su relación con la fe en el contexto de América Latina. Abstract in english This is the result of an inquiry searching to understand the relationship between ideology and faith in Latin American theology starting from the conception of anthropological faith in the work of Juan Luis Segundo. We think that the question of ideology and its relationship to faith continues to be [...] a question of relevance now in Christian thinking in the face of the old and the new human problems that the present time sets before us. We concentrate on the writings of Juan Luis Segundo, one of the main exponents of this theology, since, in our view, he is the theologian who most explicitly exposed the question of ideology and its relationship to faith in the Latin American context.

  18. Fé e ideologia na teologia da libertação: inter-relações na obra de Juan Luis Segundo Fe e ideología en la teología de la liberación: interrelaciones en la obra de Juan Luis Segundo Faith and ideology in the liberation theology: interrelationships in the work of Juan Luis Segundo

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    ALVORI AHLERT

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Este texto é o resultado de uma pesquisa que buscou a compreensão da ideologia em sua relação com a fé na teologia latino-americana a partir da concepção de fé antropológica na obra de Juan Luis Segundo. Acreditamos que a questão da ideologia e sua relação com a fé continuam sendo uma questão atual no pensamento cristão, face aos velhos e novos problemas humanos que o novo século vem apresentando. Concentramos nossa análise nos escritos de Juan Luis Segundo, um dos principais representantes dessa teologia, por ser este teólogo que, a nosso ver, mais trabalhou, de forma explícita, a questão da ideologia e sua relação com a fé no contexto latinoamericano.Este texto es el resultado de una investigación la cual indagó la comprensión de la ideología en relación con la fe, en la teología latinoamericana a partir de la concepción de fe antropológica, en la obra de Juan Luis Segundo. Creemos que el asunto de la ideología y su relación con la fe, continúan siendo una cuestión actual, dentro del pensamiento cristiano ante los viejos y nuevos problemas humanos, que el nuevo siglo nos ha venido presentando. El presente texto se concentra, en los escritos de Juan Luis Segundo uno de los principales exponentes de la teología latinoamericana, quien a nuestro parecer ha trabajado de manera más explícita, sobre la ideología y su relación con la fe en el contexto de América Latina.This is the result of an inquiry searching to understand the relationship between ideology and faith in Latin American theology starting from the conception of anthropological faith in the work of Juan Luis Segundo. We think that the question of ideology and its relationship to faith continues to be a question of relevance now in Christian thinking in the face of the old and the new human problems that the present time sets before us. We concentrate on the writings of Juan Luis Segundo, one of the main exponents of this theology, since, in our view, he is the theologian who most explicitly exposed the question of ideology and its relationship to faith in the Latin American context.

  19. Disputa fronteriza y valor geoestratégico del río San Juan: Nicaragua y Costa Rica / Border Disputes and the Geo-Strategic Value of the San Juan River: Nicaragua and Costa Rica / Disputa fronteiriça e valor geoestratégico do rio San Juan: Nicarágua e Costa Rica

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marvin E, Quesada Q.

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Nicarágua e Costa Rica em várias ocasiões sustentaram disputas fronteiriças. Isso se deve em grande parte a que a linha divisória entre os dois países é constituída pelo rio San Juan, o que provoca uma série de controvérsias relacionadas à margem do rio e a algumas zonas adjacentes. Em 2010 o confli [...] to reacendeu devido a um canal construído pela Nicarágua em uma ilha pertencente à Costa Rica. Cada país valoriza geoestrategicamente de maneira diferente o rio San Juan: para os nicaraguenses, é um símbolo de esperança para seu desenvolvimento; no entanto, para os costarriquenses, é um ponto de interesse para preservar os pantanais, áreas consideradas de fragilidade ambiental. Abstract in spanish Nicaragua y Costa Rica en varias ocasiones han sostenido disputas fronterizas. Esto se debe a que gran parte de la línea divisoria entre los dos países la constituye el río San Juan, lo que ha provocado una serie de controversias relacionadas con el cauce del río y algunas zonas aledañas. En el 2010 [...] el conflicto se reactiva debido a que Nicaragua construyó un canal en una isla perteneciente a Costa Rica. Cada país valora geoestratégicamente de manera distinta el río San Juan; para los nicaragüenses, es un símbolo de gran esperanza para su desarrollo, en tanto que para los costarricenses, es un punto de interés para preservar los humedales, áreas consideradas de fragilidad ambiental. Abstract in english On various occasions, Nicaragua and Costa Rica have faced border disputes, mainly due to the fact that the San Juan River is the dividing line between the two countries. This has triggered a series of controversies over the course of the river and some neighboring zones. In 2010, the conflict was re [...] activated because Nicaragua built a canal on an island belonging to Costa Rica. Each one of the countries values the San Juan River from different geo-strategic perspectives. For Nicaraguans, it symbolizes the hope of development, while for Costa Ricans it is a point of interest for the preservation of the environmentally vulnerable wetlands.

  20. On the falsifications in history: Juan José Heydeck (n. 1755 and his «amazing» discovery of a vaccine against the smallpox

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    Olagüe de Ros, Guillermo

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Juan Jose Heydeck (b. 1755 is a turbid figure that in the last years he is acquiring certain historical relief. His false find of a vaccine has been overvalued, in excess, against the smallpox in goats of Madrid. In this note, which is a response to an article appeared in Asclepio in 2006, this personage is checked from an historical point of view and there is demonstrated the falsehood of his find, fruit of his excessive ambition.

    Juan José Heydeck (n. 1755 es una turbia figura que en los últimos años está adquiriendo cierto relieve historiográfico. Se ha sobrevalorado, en exceso, su falso hallazgo de una vacuna contra la
    viruela en cabras de Madrid. En esta nota, que es respuesta a un artículo aparecido en esta revista en 2006, se revisa historiográficamente a este personaje y se demuestra la falsedad de su hallazgo, fruto de su ambiciosa y desmedida ambición.

  1. Aproximaciones culturales al mito de Don Juan en las obras de Tirso de Molina, Molière y Zorrilla

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    Alexandra Françoise Marti

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article examines how the myth of Don Juan that has been retold and heard in several countries beyond Spain – France, Italy, England, the Americas – continues to seduce and fascinate both the general public and lovers of literature alike. The influence of this myth is such that these days almost everyone is familiar with his tongue, as the way a snake does with its gaze, always after women, ever in pursuit until he conquers them. The smooth evolution of this myth over almost four centuries has suffered great changes. For this reason, an examination of the changing personality of Don Juan through time seems appropriate, in what concerns to arrogance, ostentation, and theatricality characterization not only the seventeenth century persona, but also his modern incarnations. It is this very permanence of the game, which compels us to look for what is behind the mask.

  2. Juan Roura- Parella (1897- 1983 y la difusión de la pedagogía de las ciencias del espíritu en latinoamérica

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    Conrado VILANOU TORRANO

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Una de las consecuencias del exilio español al fin de la Guerra Civil en 1939 fue la llegada a Latinoamérica de un elevado número de intelectuales españoles. Especialmente llamativo fue el caso de México. En este trabajo se analiza el impacto difusor de las ciencias del espíritu, y de la obra de Eduardo Spranger, a través de uno de estos exiliados, Juan Roura Parella, discípulo de Joaquín Xirau, de sólida formación germánica. ABSTRACT: One of the most important consequences of the Spanish Civil War in 1939 was the arrival to Latinoamérica of a numerous group of Spanish intellectuals, pestered by Franco's politic regime. Especially flashy was the exemple of Mexico. In this article the author analyse the spreading impact in Latinoamérica of the socalled spirit sciences, and the Spranger's works, by one of those exiled, Juan Roura Parella, Xirau's follower, and with a German solid education.

  3. Las Inversiones en Lebrija de Juan López de Recalde, Contador Mayor de la Casa de la Contratación

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alfonso, Franco Silva.

    Full Text Available Este ensayo intenta presentar el proceso de formación de un extenso patrimonio rural que entre 1515 y 1528 creó en el término de Lebrija (Sevilla) el Contador Mayor de la Casa de la Contratación, Juan López de Recalde, así como del mayorazgo que con esos bienes y rentas fundó en Madrid en 1528. [...] Abstract in english This essay presents the creation process of an extensive rural estate at Lebrija (Seville) carried out by the Head Accountant of the "Casa de la Contratación", Juan López de Recalde", between 1515 and 1528, as well as that of the "mayorazgo" he founded in Madrid in the year 1528 with that estate and [...] its rents.

  4. Juan Bautista Vázquez “el Viejo” y Gaspar Núñez Delgado al servicio del VII duque de Medina Sidonia (1575-1576

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    Cruz Isidoro, Fernando

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available For the chapels in his palaces in Seville and San Lucar, the VII duke of Medina Sidonia ordered several works from the sculptors Juan Bautista Vázquez “the Elder” and Gaspar Núñez Delgado, documented as having been a skilled craftsman in Vázquez’s studio. Both worked on a huge Nativity and other sculptures for the chapels.

    Se documenta la labor de mecenazgo escultórico del VII duque de Medina Sidonia para su capilla de los palacios sevillano y sanluqueño, con el encargo de diversas obras a los escultores Juan Bautista Vázquez “el Viejo” y Gaspar Núñez Delgado, documentado este como oficial en su taller. Ambos realizan un nacimiento monumental y otras obras para las capillas.

  5. Juan Díaz engañado por la riqueza. Un artífice de la fortuna y la tragedia en el mundo colonial

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    Luis Alberto Suárez Guava

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available La extraña vida del conquistador Juan Díaz, vertida en documentos escritos entre los siglos XVI y XX, es examinada en este artículo a la luz de informaciones de campo recogidas en diferentes zonas del centro de Colombia. El texto sostiene que a lo largo de esa dilatada historia es posible identificar la existencia de un sistema de categorías de experiencia y análisis social (del que hacen parte nociones como “volcán”, “valancha”, guaca, “encanto”, oro, fortuna, tragedia y destino propio del “mundo colonial”. El “mundo colonial” sobrevive en aquellos lugares y personas que atestiguan la existencia y acción de Juan Díaz en la naturaleza y la sociedad, y resulta del poderoso y ambivalente juego entre fortuna y tragedia que aún hoy es visible en sectores populares de Colombia.

  6. Population Dynamics of Aedes aegypti and Dengue as Influenced by Weather and Human Behavior in San Juan, Puerto Rico

    OpenAIRE

    BARRERA, ROBERTO; Amador, Manuel; Mackay, Andrew J

    2011-01-01

    Previous studies on the influence of weather on Aedes aegypti dynamics in Puerto Rico suggested that rainfall was a significant driver of immature mosquito populations and dengue incidence, but mostly in the drier areas of the island. We conducted a longitudinal study of Ae. aegypti in two neighborhoods of the metropolitan area of San Juan city, Puerto Rico where rainfall is more uniformly distributed throughout the year. We assessed the impacts of rainfall, temperature, and human activities ...

  7. Bailarines guipuzcoanos de arcos en Traje Asiático, Juan Ignacio de Iztueta y la defensa de los Fueros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Antonio Urbeltz

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available En el trabajo en cuestión se trata de indicar que el libro de danzas que escribiera Juan Ignacio de Iztieta trasciende el hecho coreográfico y se dirige, fundamentalmente, a ser una exposición, como lengua, la historia y otras, alineada en la defensa de los Fueros. Prueba de ello son algunas contradicciones coreográficas y la crítica general que mantiene en su libro ante la actitud de   abandono para con la personalidad vasca de la provincia de Guipúzcoa.

  8. Low-Temperature Hydrothermal Plumes in the Near-Bottom Boundary Layer at Endeavour Segment, Juan de Fuca Ridge

    OpenAIRE

    Susan Hautala; Paul Johnson, H.; Matthew Pruis; Irene García-Berdeal; Tor Bjorklund

    2012-01-01

    Low-temperature (typically 5–75°C) fluid, commonly referred to as "diffuse" hydrothermal flow, emanates from fractures over a significant portion of the Juan de Fuca Ridge seafloor in the Northeast Pacific Ocean (Kelley et al., 2012, in this issue). Although some fraction of the diffuse effluent becomes entrained relatively quickly into nearby plumes from high-temperature sources, a number of studies suggest that a significant portion flows laterally as discrete low-level plumes that remai...

  9. Population dynamics of intermediate snail hosts of Fasciola hepatica and some environmental factors in San Juan y Martinez municipality, Cuba

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto Cañete; Mary Yong; Jorge Sánchez; Lin Wong; Alfredo Gutiérrez

    2004-01-01

    The variation of abundances of intermediate snail hosts of Fasciola hepatica in Cuba (Fossaria cubensis and Pseudosuccinea columella) was studied during one year under natural conditions at five sampling sites in San Juan y Martinez municipality, Pinar del Rio province, Cuba. The effect of some environmental variables on the lymnaeid abundances was also studied. A canonical correspondence analysis showed that both species do not generally occur together in the same habitat and that most facto...

  10. CÓMO PROMOCIONAR LA SALUD Y EL BIENESTAR EN LA COMUNIDAD UNIVERSITARIA. UNIVERSIDAD REY JUAN CARLOS, UNIVERSIDAD SALUDABLE

    OpenAIRE

    Cecilia Peñacoba; Carmen Gallardo; Silvia Cruz; Ainhoa Romero

    2013-01-01

    Universities should contribute to promoting and increasing values that allow wellbeing, independence and the full development of their students and staff. The Universidad Rey Juan Carlos through the Office for Social Politics, Environmental Quality and Healthy University (Vicerrectorado de Política Social, Calidad Ambiental y Universidad Saludable) offers a program for Promotion of Health and Wellbeing (Programa de Promoción de la Salud y Bienestar) for the entire university community. The ...

  11. Historical review of uranium-vanadium in the eastern Carrizo Mountains, San Juan County, New Mexico and Apache County, Arizona

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report is a brief review of the uranium and/or vanadium mining in the eastern Carrizo Mountains, San Juan County, New Mexico and Apache County, Arizona. It was prepared at the request of the Navajo Tribe, the New Mexico Energy and Minerals Department, and the Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology. This report deals only with historical production data. The locations of the mines and the production are presented in figures and tables

  12. Clinical curative effect observation of Juan-tong decoction hot compressing on Shoulder hand syndrome after stroke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xue-hui CHANG

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To observe the clinical effect of Juan-tong decoction hot compressing on Shoulder hand syndrome after stroke.Methods: Sixty selected cases were randomly divided into treatment group of 30 patients and control group of 30 patients?The cases in control group were treated with routine symptomatic treatment?and the ones in treatment group were treated with Juan-tong decoction hot compressing on the basis of above treatment?At last the curative effects were observed?Results: In treatment group 17 cases were recovered?10 cases effective?3 cases ineffective? The total effective rate was 90.00% . In control group 10 cases were recovered,12 cases effective?and 8 cases ineffective?The total effective rate was 73.33%.There was significant difference between the two groups.Conclusion: Juan-tong decoction hot compressing combined with routine symptomatic treatment has better effect on Shoulder hand syndrome after stroke compared to onlyroutine symptomatic treatment?

  13. Rapports de parenté et de production à San Juan, haute vallée du Chancay, Pérou

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1975-01-01

    Full Text Available Les relations de parenté dans l'organisation des communautés andines sont particulièrement importantes, ce qui est aussi le cas à San Juan. L'utilisation et la distribution de l'eau en fonction de 'turnos' se font selon diverses combinaisons basées sur les relations de parenté. Il est vraisemblable que l'organisation des tours à l'intérieur du village et par quartiers se fasse également en fonction de la distribution des familles. L'élevage est aussi lié à ces relations de parenté, en particulier l'élaboration des fromages: les femmes ont ici une place prépondérante, tout comme pour l'irrigation. Ainsi les relations de parenté constituent un capital précieux, mais seulement dans le cas d'une société traditionnelle fonctionnant par prestations mutuelles. Or, on assiste actuellement à un développement du travail libre favorisé par les possibilités d'accumulation individuelle d'argent (vente de fruits, des produits de l'élevage. La division sexuelle du travail est envisagée en fin d'article. Las relaciones de parentesco en la organización de las comunidades andinas son particularmente importantes, lo cual también es el caso de San Juan. La utilización y distribución del agua, en función de 'turnos' se efectúa de acuerdo a diversas combinaciones basadas en las relaciones de parentesco. Es verosímil que la organización de turnos para el agua en el interior del pueblo y por barrios se efectúe igualmente en función de la distribución de las familias. La cría de ganado también estaba ligada a estas relaciones de parentesco, sobre todo la elaboración de quesos: en esto las mujeres tienen un lugar preponderante, así como para la irrigación. Así pues las relaciones de parentesco constituyen un capital precioso, pero tan solo en el caso de una sociedad tradicional que funcione por prestaciones mutuas. Ahora bien, actualmente se asiste a un desarrollo de trabajo libre favorecido por las posibilidades de acumulación individual de dinero (por venta de frutas, o productos de la crianza de ganado. La división sexual del trabajo es observada atentamente al final del artículo. Relations of relationship in the organization of andean communities are particularly important and this is also the case of San Juan. Utilization and distribution of water in function of the turnos are also related to different combinations based upon relations of relationship. It is probable that the organization of water turns in the village itself and by parts is also related to family distribution. Cattle raising is also tied to these relations of relationship, principally for the elaboration of cheese: there women play an important part as for the irrigation. So, relations of relationship settle a precious capital, but only in the case of a traditional society functioning by mutual prestatations. Now, we will see today free work development helped by possibilities of individual accumulation of money (fruit and cattle raising product selling. At the end, we will consider sexual work differentiations.

  14. El Silúrico de la sierra de La Invernada, Precordillera de San Juan: implicancias estratigráficas y paleogeográficas

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Silvio H, Peralta.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available En el flanco oriental de la sierra de La Invernada, Precordillera Central de San Juan, aflora una sucesión marino-clástica del Ordovícico Superior-Silúrico, asignada al Grupo Tucunuco, integrada por las formaciones La Chilca, su equivalente lateral Los Bretes (Hirnantiano?-Wenlockiano temprano), y l [...] a Formación Los Espejos (Wenlockiano medio-Ludowiano), con espesores variables entre 150 m y 220 m. Esta sucesión yace en discordancia erosiva (paraconcordancia), sobre calizas de la Formación San Juan (Ordovícico temprano), y es cubierta en paraconcordancia por depósitos devónicos de la Formación Punta Negra. En el área de Gualilán, la Formación La Chilca está representada por una sucesión de pelitas y areniscas estrato-granocreciente, que hacia el sur cambian a facies de pelitas bioturbadas formalmente denominadas en este trabajo Formación Los Bretes (nom.nov) (="Facies Pachaco de la Formación Tambolar"), cuyo estrato-tipo se propone en el cerro Blanco de Pachaco. La Formación Los Espejos sobreyace en paraconcordancia a la Formación La Chilca, presenta arreglo estrato-granocreciente, con pelitas transgresivas a la base, vaques, acumulaciones bioclásticas y estructuras de deformación sinsedimentaria en la parte superior. La Formación Los Espejos no aflora en Pachaco, pero sus depósitos se encuentran resedimentados en olistostromas del Devónico. Los depósitos silúricos del área de estudio muestran posición relativa distal, respecto a sus equivalentes de la Precordillera Central. El cambio de facies de la Formación La Chilca y ausencia de la Formación Los Espejos, se interpreta como resultado del basculamiento de la cuenca silúrica hacia el norte debido al control estructural del Alto del Tambolar. Abstract in english A Silurian siliciclastic succession, assigned to the Tucunuco Group, composed of the La Chilca/Los Bretes (Hirnantian? to early Wenlock), and the Los Espejos (middle Wenlock to Ludlow) formations, is described on the eastern flanck of the sierra de La Invernada, at the Central Precordillera. In the [...] Gualilán area, the La Chilca Formation is composed by of silt and sand thickening and coarsening upward sequence (shallowing), exhibiting a facies change towards the south to bioturbated shale named "Facies Pachaco of the Tambolar Formation", which formally is here redefined as Los Bretes Formation, its type section is located at the cerro Blanco de Pachaco. The Los Espejos Formation shows a marked southward onlap toward south, but it is not exposed in the San Juan River area; there, its deposits appear reworked into the Los Sombreros Formation. The Punta Negra Formation paraconformably overlies the Los Espejos Formation (Gualilán area), and to the Los Bretes Formation (Pachaco area) and, in turn, it erosively underlies the Los Sombreros Formation, which age is assigned to the Devonian post-Punta Negra Formation on the basis of its stratigraphic relationship, and lithological and paleobiological features. The Silurian succession shows a relative distal position in comparison with its correlatives from the Central Precordillera. The facies change of the La Chilca Formation and the southward onlap of the Los Espejos Formation, are interpreted as a result of northward tilting of the Silurian basin.

  15. Juan Costa: un pionero del cooperativismo rural argentino, 1916-1927

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Susana, Bichsel; Martha, Costa.

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Hasta hace algunos años la biografía histórica no interesaba a los historiadores, quienes habían perdido el interés por el estudio centrado en el individuo y su contexto y se sentían atraídos por el todo social. Los enfoques actuales de la historia, que procuran recobrar el accionar de los individuo [...] s dentro de los procesos sociales rescatando los mecanismos internos en que tienen lugar, han abierto en cambio nuevas y renovadas perspectivas para esta especialidad. El artículo se inscribe en esta línea renovada de la biografía histórica y se centra en la figura de Juan Costa, un pionero del cooperativismo rural argentino que tuvo destacada actuación en el ámbito de la provincia de Córdoba. El objetivo central del trabajo es recuperar la memoria y el discurso de un actor esencial del mundo rural que no ha sido debidamente considerado, ni menos aún estudiado en forma sistemática. Creemos que esta investigación puede llenar un vacío historiográfico y ser una herramienta útil al conocimiento histórico. Las fuentes esenciales para este análisis han sido diarios provinciales y nacionales, periódicos del movimiento cooperativo, libros de actas de las instituciones donde actuó el protagonista, y algunas entrevistas que pudimos realizar. Abstract in english Some years ago the historic biography did not interest historians, who had lost interest over the study centered into the individual and his context and felt attractted to the complete social idea. Nowadays the focus of history is to recover the actions of the individuals inside the social process, [...] rescuing the internal mechanisms in which they have place, this openned in exchange new and anew perspectives for this speciallity. This article takes form in this new line of historic biography centering in Juan Acosta´s figure, a pioneer of argentinian rural cooperativism that had a exceptional performance in Cordoba´s province. The central objetive of this work is to bring back the memory and discourse of an essential actor of the rural world that has not been adequatelly considered, or even studied in a systematic way. We believe that this investigation can fill an historiographic void and be an useful tool to the historic knowledge. The essential fonts for this analysis had been provincial and national newspapers, cooperative movement´s newspapers, books of balance of the institutions were the main character performed, and some interviews.

  16. A GPR survey on degraded permafrost at Mesón San Juan, Mendonza, Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Jandyr de Menezes, Travassos; Giovanni Chaves, Stael; Dario Trombotto, Liaudat.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo apresenta alguns resultados geofisicos obtidos no Mesón San Juan localizado na Cordilheira dos Andes (6.012 m, 33°30'S e 69°49'W), na divisa entre a Argentina e o Chile. Oplatô de permafrost (4.400 m) está situado na base da geleira, limitado por morenas produzidas por fenômenos criogê [...] nicos recentes. Os resultados geofisicos mostraram variações laterais nas características dielétricas na subsurperfície devido a diferentes porcentagens de água, permitindo o zoneamento qualitativo da estrutura do permafrost . As permissividades elétricas foram comparadas de um modo semiquantitativo através do procedimento de migração "trial-and-error", tirando proveito do "clutter" do permafrost . Foi possível reconhecer uma zona confinada de baixa velocidade de fase, que indica porosidade e quantidade de água mais elevadas. Essa zona foi interpretada como sendo permafrost degradado, provavelmente resultante do impacto do aquecimento global sobre o ambiente glacial andino, possível canal de descarga de um suprapermafrost a um aqüífero subpermafrost , parte de um sistema raso e descontínuo, não mapeado neste trabalho. Abstract in english This work presents some geophysical results obtained at Mesón San Juan located in the Central Andes (6,012 m, 33°30' Sand 69°49' W), on the border of Argentina and Chile. The permafrost plateau (4,400 m) situated at the loot of the glacier is limited by recent moraines produced by cryogenic phenom [...] ena. The geophysical results revealed lateral differences in the dielectric characteristics of the subsurface due to varying water contents, allowing a zoning of the permafrost structure. We have compared the electrical permittivities in a semi-quantitative way through a trial-and-error migration procedure, taking advantage of the clutter present in the permafrost as seen in the fixed-offset data. In this way we were able to recognize a confined zone of relatively low phase velocity indicating higher porosity and water content. We interpret that zone as degraded permafrost , probably a result of the impact of global warming on the Andean cryolithozone. That zone is likely a discharge channel linking a suprapermafrost to a subpermafrost aquifer, part of a laterally discontinuous near surface system not mapped in this work.

  17. Entretelones de una "estética operatoria" Luis Juan Guerrero y Walter Benjamin

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Luis Ignacio, García.

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se ensaya una aproximación a la labor estético-filosófica del argentino Luis Juan Guerrero (1899-1957), a través de un cotejo de su temprana y productiva recepción de algunos aspectos centrales de la obra de Walter Benjamin. Se intenta mostrar que esta clave de lectura permite un ac [...] ceso privilegiado a la labor de Guerrero, a la vez que ayuda a construir una imagen más compleja y matizada de la generación intelectual "antipositivista" a la que perteneció. La olvidada obra de Guerrero se compone principalmente de trabajos sobre ética, psicología y estética. Acotaremos nuestra atención a su principal trabajo, y acaso la obra sobre estética más ambiciosa jamás escrita en nuestro país: Estética Operatoria en sus Tres Direcciones. Se muestra en el artículo que la summa estética de Guerrero, si bien expresa con toda claridad las preocupaciones centrales de una generación intelectual marcada por la cultura alemana de entreguerras y por la problemática de la "crisis de la cultura", inscribe, a su vez, una anomalía -benjaminiana-, una inflexión político-materialista, que pone en cuestión la idea frecuente de que la "crisis de la cultura" una y otra vez diagnosticada en aquella época mostró siempre alternativas "espiritualistas" de resolución. Abstract in english This essay deals with the aesthetic-philosophical work of the Argentinean Luis Juan Guerrero (1899-1957), through a consideration of its early and fruitful reception of some central aspects of Walter Benjamin's work. It is shown that this perspective allows a privileged access to Guerrero's work, at [...] the same time that it makes more complex the image of the "anti-positivistic" intellectual generation in Argentina. Guerrero's forgotten work includes principally contributions on ethics, psychology and aesthetics. This essay will pay attention only to his most important work, maybe the most ambitious aesthetic work ever written in Argentina: Operatory Aesthetics in its Three Directions. This aesthetic summa, although it expresses the typical features of an intellectual generation marked by German interwar culture and the concerns on the "culture crisis", it also inscribes a benjaminian anomaly, a political-materialistic inflection, that questions the frequent opinion that the "culture crisis" in those years diagnosed always showed "spiritualist" answers.

  18. Estimation of annual effective dose due to natural radioactive elements in ingestion of foodstuffs in tin mining area of Jos-Plateau, Nigeria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Soils and food crops from a former tin mining location in a high background radiation area on the Jos-Plateau, Nigeria were collected and analyzed by gamma spectrometry to measure their contents of 40K, 238U and 232Th. As well as collecting samples, in situ dose rates on farms were measured using a precalibrated survey meter. Activity concentrations determined in food crops were compared with the local food derivatives or diets to investigate the possible removal or addition of radionuclides during food preparation by cooking or other means. Potassium-40 was found to contribute the highest activity in all the food products. The activity concentration of 40K, 238U and 232Th in local prepared diets ranged between 60 and 494 Bq kg-1, between BDL and 48 Bq kg-1 and between BDL and 17 Bq kg-1, respectively. The internal effective dose to individuals from the consumption of the food types was estimated on the basis of the measured radionuclide contents in the food crops. It ranged between 0.2 ?Sv y-1 (beans) and 2164 ?Sv y-1 (yam) while the annual external gamma effective dose in the farms due to soil radioactivity ranged between 228 ?Sv and 4065 ?Sv

  19. Eating in a Home for Children. Food Resistance in the Residence Juan de Lanuza

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    Luis Cantarero

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available The basic needs of the children of the Residence Juan de Lanuza (Zaragoza, Spain are covered by the daily amount of food they are provided with at meals. However, the tasks of the professionals who work in this Home are not restricted to feeding. One of the educational goals is to teach children socially adapted food habits, which are considered essential for the young persons’ “culturisation”. Food socialization has its roots in the ideology of the educating staff. The disciplinary system is based on the containment of deviations from normative food habits. The harshest punishment is inflicted when the child refuses to eat. The aim of this paper is to show that the resistance to food offered by the children of this Home between 6 and 12 years of age, is not due to lack of appetite but is the expression of a specific demand. Through their behaviour the children make explicit their wish to belong to a certain age group, they assert their ethnic difference, they show whether they wish to relate or not to other children or the staff, they ask for the educator’s attention to their state of mind, etc.

  20. Immunomodulatory activity of a Chinese herbal drug Yi Shen Juan Bi in adjuvant arthritis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perera, Pathirage Kamal; Li, Yunman; Peng, Cheng; Fang, Weirong; Han, Caifeng

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the immunomodulating mechanisms of a Chinese herbal medicine Yi Shen Juan Bi (YJB) in treatment of adjuvant arthritis (AA) in rats. Materials and Methods: Levels of serum tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-?) and interleukin-1? (IL-1?) were measured by the Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Expression of TNF-? mRNA and IL-1? mRNA in synovial cells was measured with the semi-quantitative technique of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), while caspase-3 was examined by western blot analysis. Results: The administration of YJB significantly decreased the production of serum TNF-? and IL-1?. It also decreased significantly the TNF-? mRNA, IL-1? mRNA, and caspase-3 expression in synoviocytes. Conclusions: YJB produces the immunomodulatory effects by downregulating the over-activated cytokines, while it activates caspase-3, which is the key executioner of apoptosis in the immune system. This may be the one of the underlying mechanisms that explains how YJB treats the rheumatoid arthritis. PMID:20711367

  1. The sound field near hydrothermal vents on Axial Seamount, Juan de Fuca Ridge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, Sarah A.; Stolzenbach, Keith D.; Purdy, G. Michael

    1990-08-01

    High-quality acoustic noise measurements were obtained by two hydrophones located 3 m and 40 m from an active hydrothermal vent on Axial Seamount, Juan de Fuca Ridge, in an effort to determine the feasibility of monitoring hydrothermal vent activity through flow noise generation. Most of the measured noise field could be attributed to ambient ocean noise sources of microseisms, distant shipping, and weather, punctuated by local ships and biological sources. Long-period, low-velocity, water/rock interface waves were detected with high amplitudes which rapidly decayed with distance from the seafloor. Detection of vent signals was hampered by unexpected spatial nonstationarity due to the shadowing effects of the caldera wall. No continuous vent signals were deemed significant based on a criterion of 90% probability of detection and 5% probability of false alarm. However, a small signal near 40 Hz, with a power level of 10-4Pa2/Hz was noticed on two records taken within 3 m of the Inferno black smoker. Hie frequency of this signal is consistent with predictions, and the power level suggests the occurrence of jet noise amplification due to convected density inhomogeneities.

  2. Metal sources of black smoker chimneys, Endeavour Segment, Juan de Fuca Ridge: Pb isotope constraints

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hydrothermal chimney sulfides, vent cap chimney samples, Fe-oxide and basalts from sediment-starving Juan de Fuca Ridge, in the Endeavour segment, exhibit a range of Pb isotope ratios (206Pb/204Pb = 18.658-18.769; 207Pb/204Pb = 15.457-15.566; 208Pb/204Pb = 37.810-38.276). The data array is not parallel to the northern hemisphere mantle reservoirs indicating a possible sediment component within the sulfides. By assuming that the potential end-member sediment component has a 207Pb/204Pb (15.70) similar to Middle Valley sediment, it is suggested the potential end-member sediment component may have 206Pb/204Pb = 18.90; 208Pb/204Pb = 38.82. Basalt-derived Pb for the Endeavour segment hydrothermal system involves about 50/50 leaching of E-MORB and T2-MORB. Detailed observations show the Mothra field derives more Pb from T2-MORB than the Main Endeavour field does. According to the binary mixing model, the results show little Pb (4+, CH4 and Br/Cl ratios in hydrothermal fluids are consistent with a sediment component within the segment. Reconciling the Pb isotope data with the chemistry data of hydrothermal fluids, it is suggested that the sediment component may be located in a lower temperature recharge zone where Pb could not be mobilized frge zone where Pb could not be mobilized from the sediment.

  3. Profile of prospective bioengineering students at National University of San Juan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The low percentage of students (43 % of applicants) that passed the entrance exams for the bioengineering career at the National University of San Juan in 2007, plus the historical situation of desertion in first year (about 50%), motivated the application of a diagnostic test to prospective students of this career. The aim of this test was to obtain information about the competences acquired by students to solve problems in different contexts using basic mathematical tools, reading comprehension skills to understand texts, graphs and tables. Although this test was sat by the entire population of applicants of the current school year, only the results belonging to bioengineering students are the ones presented for the purpose of this work. However, students of other disciplines of the school of engineering also have similar problems. From the analysis of the answers to the different items, it can be observed that there are serious difficulties in the development of basic capacities to successfully take the courses of this career

  4. Restoring sedges and mosses into frost heaving iron fens, San Juan Mountains, Colorado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.A. Chimner

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Rare iron fens in the San Juan Mountains of Colorado are frequently in poor condition due to mining, roads and ditches, which have left much of the fen completely bare of vegetation. Natural revegetation is slow to occur in the bare areas because of severe frost heave in the cold mountain climate. Therefore, experimental revegetation plots were conducted in a factorial design with mulching and no mulching, crossed with moss diaspores, sedge transplants, and moss and sedge combined. Mulching influenced surface soil temperatures by reducing the midday highs and increasing the night-time lows, which decreased the frequency and amount of frost heave. Peat moisture also modified frost heave, with the greatest frost heaving occurring near 75 % peat moisture content (water table 10–20 cm below the surface and the least when soils were either wetter or drier. Moss survival was dependent on mulch, with no moss surviving in plots without mulch. Mulching also increased sedge transplant survival. In summary, mulching significantly increased the success of vegetation restoration efforts for frost heave areas in mountain fens.

  5. Sedimentary history and economic geology of San Juan Basin, New Mexico and Colorado

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The San Juan Basin contains up to 15,000 ft of sedimentary rocks ranging in age from Cambrian to Recent. The earliest development of the area as a sedimentary basin or trough apparently took place in Pennsylvanian time, and the basin was maintained, with changing rates of subsidence and filling, through the remainder of geologic time. During the Early Paleozoic, sedimentation was dominated by marine transgressions across the northwestern flank of the regional Transcontinental Arch. The Late Paleozoic history was strongly influenced by tectonism related to development of the Ancestral Rocky Mountains Uplifts and associated downwarping. The Early Mesozoic is characterized by fluvial and eolian environments, interrupted periodically by thin marine transgressive deposits of nearshore redbeds. The final Mesozoic event was the widespread Late Cretaceous marine transgression which deposited a thick cyclic sequence of marine gray shale and sandstone, with interbedded coal. Late Tertiary regional uplift and resulting volcanism were accompanied by a regional dissection of the area by stream systems that evolved into the present drainage pattern of superposed streams. The sedimentary history is directly related to the occurrence of economic deposits in the basin. Major reserves of petroleum and gas are in Cretaceous and Pennsylvanian rocks, coal in Cretaceous, and uranium in Jurassic and Cretaceous. Abstract only

  6. Juan B. Justo y el socialismo argentino ante la Primera Guerra Mundial (1909-1915

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Poy

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A pesar de que tanto el impacto de la Primera Guerra Mundial entre intelectuales y organizaciones políticas de la época como las elaboraciones teóricas y políticas del socialismo argentino son temas que han atraído la atención de los historiadores, las posiciones del Partido Socialista (PS argentino ante el estallido de la guerra no han sido aún estudiadas en detalle por la historiografía. Con base en un análisis de los escritos de Juan B. Justo y de artículos editoriales de La Vanguardia, en este trabajo buscamos aportar un análisis que permita enriquecer nuestro conocimiento sobre las posiciones de la dirección del socialismo argentino acerca de la problemática relación entre “internacionalismo y patria”, tal como se titulaba uno de los más conocidos trabajos del fundador del PS. Nuestro objetivo es contribuir a los avances historiográficos que han permitido elaborar una visión más compleja de la interpretación programática de Justo en el marco de su relación con las posiciones de las distintas fuerzas que constituían la socialdemocracia internacional. Intentamos mostrar que la interpretación justiana de la guerra no se limitó a copiar líneas de análisis de los socialistas europeos sino que constituyó una operación intelectual original, que debe analizarse en el contexto del peculiar y ecléctico cuerpo teórico del líder del socialismo argentino.

  7. From surfaces to magnetic properties: special section dedicated to Juan Rojo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mascaraque, A.; Rodríguez de la Fuente, O.; González-Barrio, Miguel A.

    2013-12-01

    Surface physics and magnetism, in particular the connection between surface defects, reduced dimensionality or size, crystal structure, electronic density of states and the mechanical and magnetic properties of solids, were always at the core of Juan Rojo's scientific interest and output. Both fields seem to meet at the nanoscale, a privileged playing field which is ideal for testing theoretical concepts, exploring new physics or probing a wealth of new, stunning and unheard-of applications. Upon reducing size or dimensionality, either in bulk systems or in thin films, surfaces and surface effects are telling. Thus, for instance, an ultra-thin coating can make nanoparticles of non-magnetic materials exhibit magnetic behaviour; or atomic steps can modify the local mechanical properties of a metallic single crystal. In this special section there are eight invited papers by disciples and close collaborators of Juan Rojo, that cover an ample spectrum of the above mentioned topics. The first paper, by Palacio et al, investigates the temperature and oxygen partial pressure conditions for FeO mono- and bi-layer growth on Ru(0001). The following paper, by Cortés-Gil et al, reports on the dramatic change in the electric resistivity of the manganite perovskite (La0.5Ca0.5)z MnO3 as a function of Ca content, an effect related to the removal of a charge-ordered state and a magnetic transition. Baeza et al study biomaterials for bone cancer treatment and skeletal reinforcing, as well as targeted magnetic nanoparticles used for intracell hyperthermia in cancer therapies. In the following paper, Marcano et al, assisted by a multi-technique approach, revisit the extraordinarily rich magnetic phase diagram of the Kondo system CeNi1- x Cux down to 100 mK temperatures. The magnetic field dependence of the martensitic transition temperature of the meta-magnetic shape memory alloy Ni50Mn34.5In15.5 in a crystalline and amorphous phase, in fields up to 13 T, is the subject of the paper by Barandiarán et al. In the following paper, Crespo et al review the effect of organic and inorganic coatings on magnetic nanoparticles, showing that the coating can tune the magnetic properties of metallic and oxide nano-sized particles. Barja et al report on ordered magnetic ion structures formed by evaporation of Mn and Fe on self-assembled layers of tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ) molecules on Cu(111). Finally, Rodríguez de la Fuente et al investigate the role of surface defects on the physico-chemical properties of metals and oxides in a variety of scenarios, showing how the surface controls the mechanical properties probed at the nanoscale or the chemical reactivity. Acknowledgments The editors are grateful to all the invited contributors to this special section of Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter . We also thank the staff of IOP Publishing for handling the administrative matters and the refereeing process, and for their patience and helpful disposition. From surfaces to magnetic properties contents From surfaces to magnetic properties: special section dedicated to Juan RojoA Mascaraque, O Rodríguez de la Fuente and Miguel A González-Barrio Juan Rojo: the surface science and science politics maker in SpainA Mascaraque, O Rodríguez de la Fuente, Miguel A González-Barrio, Javier Solana, Luis Oro and Ana Crespo Initial stages of FeO growth on Ru(0001)I Palacio, M Monti, J F Marco, K F McCarty and J de la Figuera Surprising resistivity decrease in manganites with constant electronic densityR Cortés-Gil, M L Ruiz-González, J M Alonso, J L Martínez, A Hernando, M Vallet-Regí, and J M González-Calbet Thermoseeds for interstitial magnetic hyperthermia: from bioceramics to nanoparticlesA Baeza, D Arcos and M Vallet-Regí Revisited magnetic phase diagram for CeNi1-xCux system: spin-glass in the weak interaction limitN Marcano, J I Espeso and J C Gómez Sal Magnetic field and atomic order effect on the martensitic transformation of a metamagnetic alloyJ M Barandiaran, V A Chernenko, E Cesari, D Salas, J Gutierrez and P Lazpita Magnetism in nanopartic

  8. Valuaciones booleanas, conjuntos verdaderos, compleción y consistencia. notas a “a procedure of building up tautologous propositional formulae from given variable truth-functions” de Juan Nuño / Boole’s valuations. True sets, completeness and consistency. Notes to Juan Nuño’s “A procedure of building up tautologous propositional formulae from given variable truth-functions”

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Jesús F, Baceta V.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Se contextualiza la nota “A procedure of building up tautologous propositional formulae from given variable truth-functions” de Juan Nuño y se demues­tra un detalle que garantiza su construcción. [...] Abstract in english Awarded the context article “A procedure of building up tautologous propositional formulae from given variable truth-functions” of Juan Nuño and shows a detail which ensures its construction. [...

  9. New additions to the introduced flora of the Juan Fernández Islands: origin, distribution, life history traits, and potential of invasion Nuevas adiciones a la flora introducida de las Islas Juan Fernández: origen, distribución, rasgos de historia de vida y potencial de invasión

    OpenAIRE

    Cuevas, Jaime G.; ALICIA MARTICORENA; LOHENGRIN A CAVIERES

    2004-01-01

    Oceanic islands, such as Juan Fernández in Chile, are the home for particular biotas that have evolved in isolation over a long period. The anthropogenic introduction of allochtonous plants is one of many problems for the conservation of endemic elements. In this paper, we present the new additions to the introduced flora of the Juan Fernández Islands, adding some comments about their life form, origin, morphological characteristics, ecology, distribution, abundance, and their potential of in...

  10. Revisión estratigráfica y litofacial de la Formación La Silla (Ordovícico Inferior) en la Precordillera Oriental de San Juan, Argentina / Stratigraphic revision and lithofacies of La Silla Formation (Lower Ordovician) in the eastern Precordillera of San Juan, Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mariana M., Raviolo; Osvaldo L., Bordonaro; Brian R., Pratt.

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available La Formación La Silla (Cámbrico Superior - Ordovícico Inferior) fue definida en 1994 por Keller et al. a partir de los niveles inferiores de la Formación San Juan. Esta Formación consiste en una sucesión distintiva de calizas claras, con escasos fósiles y muy explotadas por su alta pureza. Basados e [...] n estudios detallados en la sección tipo cercana a Jáchal y siete secciones en el área sur cercana a la ciudad de San Juan, proponemos una subdivisión formal para la Formación La Silla en tres miembros. La división de la unidad está basada en la ubicación preferencial de bancos dolomíticos en el sector central de la Formación mientras que el sector superior e inferior son calizas monótonas. Los miembros se denominan, de base a techo: Miembro Río del Agua, Miembro Río Blanco y Miembro Río Salado (85, 140 y 81 m, respectivamente). Las dolomías en el Miembro Río Blanco son de dos tipos: macizas, potentes y generalmente asociadas a chert; y dolomías con laminación planar y/o entrecruzada, ambas fácilmente distinguibles a simple vista, otorgándole a este Miembro un aspecto bandeado debido a la alternancia entre calizas y dolomías. Esto contrasta con el aspecto macizo y monótono de los Miembros restantes con estratificación tabular y a veces suavemente ondulante. Se reconocen las facies de grainstone peloidal, grainstone oolítico, rudstone intraclástico, packstone peloidal, mudstone, microbiales laminadas y trombolíticas. Además se describen las nuevas facies de dolomías laminadas y dolomías macizas. De la misma manera que lo observado por Keller et al. (1994), la Formación La Silla representa una fase distinta en la sucesión cambro-ordovícica, con las dolomías perimareales de la Formación La Flecha por debajo y las calizas fosilíferas de plataforma abierta de la Formación San Juan por encima. Abstract in english The Cambro-Ordovician carbonate platform succession of the Precordillera Oriental of western Argentina is some 2000 m thick and consists of five formations, from base to top, La Laja, Zonda, La Flecha, La Silla and San Juan (Keller, 1999; Bordonaro, 2003). La Silla Formation (latest Cambrian-Early O [...] rdovician) was defined by Keller et al. (1994) from the lower part of the San Juan Formation. It reaches some 350 m in thickness and consists of a distinctive succession of dominantly light-coloured, poorly fossiliferous limestones. The upper part of La Silla Formation is extensively quarried because of the remarkable purity of the limestones. Based on a detailed study of the type section in the northern outcrop area near Jáchal and seven sections in the southern area near San Juan (Fig. 1a), we propose a formal stratigraphic subdivision of La Silla Formation into three members. These are, from base to top, the Río del Agua Member, Río Blanco Member and Río Salado Member (Fig. 1b), which are 85, 140 and 81 m in their respective type sections. This subdivision is based in the preferential occurrence of creamcoloured dolostones interbedded in the middle part of the formation, whereas the lower and upper members are essentially monotonous limestones. Keller (1999) erected an informal tripartite subdivision conforming to three putative, shallowing-upward sequences, with the boundaries recording abrupt changes in relative sealevel. We do not detect this pattern and our proposed members do not coincide with this subdivision. We recognize nine individual lithofacies types (Fig. 2a-f). These are for the most part similar to those determined by Keller (1999) and Cañas (1999), but we consider that they over-estimated the abundance of muddy facies in the form of lime mudstone, wackestone and packstone. Limestones in all three members are dominantly thick- and massively bedded peloidal grainstones exhibiting tabular and gently undulating bedding. In the lower and upper members there are subordinate ooidal grainstones, along with rare peloidal packstone, intraclastic rudstone, mudstone, microbial laminites and thrombolite patch reefs. Dolostones are of two types

  11. Revisión estratigráfica y litofacial de la Formación La Silla (Ordovícico Inferior en la Precordillera Oriental de San Juan, Argentina Stratigraphic revision and lithofacies of La Silla Formation (Lower Ordovician in the eastern Precordillera of San Juan, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana M. Raviolo

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available La Formación La Silla (Cámbrico Superior - Ordovícico Inferior fue definida en 1994 por Keller et al. a partir de los niveles inferiores de la Formación San Juan. Esta Formación consiste en una sucesión distintiva de calizas claras, con escasos fósiles y muy explotadas por su alta pureza. Basados en estudios detallados en la sección tipo cercana a Jáchal y siete secciones en el área sur cercana a la ciudad de San Juan, proponemos una subdivisión formal para la Formación La Silla en tres miembros. La división de la unidad está basada en la ubicación preferencial de bancos dolomíticos en el sector central de la Formación mientras que el sector superior e inferior son calizas monótonas. Los miembros se denominan, de base a techo: Miembro Río del Agua, Miembro Río Blanco y Miembro Río Salado (85, 140 y 81 m, respectivamente. Las dolomías en el Miembro Río Blanco son de dos tipos: macizas, potentes y generalmente asociadas a chert; y dolomías con laminación planar y/o entrecruzada, ambas fácilmente distinguibles a simple vista, otorgándole a este Miembro un aspecto bandeado debido a la alternancia entre calizas y dolomías. Esto contrasta con el aspecto macizo y monótono de los Miembros restantes con estratificación tabular y a veces suavemente ondulante. Se reconocen las facies de grainstone peloidal, grainstone oolítico, rudstone intraclástico, packstone peloidal, mudstone, microbiales laminadas y trombolíticas. Además se describen las nuevas facies de dolomías laminadas y dolomías macizas. De la misma manera que lo observado por Keller et al. (1994, la Formación La Silla representa una fase distinta en la sucesión cambro-ordovícica, con las dolomías perimareales de la Formación La Flecha por debajo y las calizas fosilíferas de plataforma abierta de la Formación San Juan por encima.The Cambro-Ordovician carbonate platform succession of the Precordillera Oriental of western Argentina is some 2000 m thick and consists of five formations, from base to top, La Laja, Zonda, La Flecha, La Silla and San Juan (Keller, 1999; Bordonaro, 2003. La Silla Formation (latest Cambrian-Early Ordovician was defined by Keller et al. (1994 from the lower part of the San Juan Formation. It reaches some 350 m in thickness and consists of a distinctive succession of dominantly light-coloured, poorly fossiliferous limestones. The upper part of La Silla Formation is extensively quarried because of the remarkable purity of the limestones. Based on a detailed study of the type section in the northern outcrop area near Jáchal and seven sections in the southern area near San Juan (Fig. 1a, we propose a formal stratigraphic subdivision of La Silla Formation into three members. These are, from base to top, the Río del Agua Member, Río Blanco Member and Río Salado Member (Fig. 1b, which are 85, 140 and 81 m in their respective type sections. This subdivision is based in the preferential occurrence of creamcoloured dolostones interbedded in the middle part of the formation, whereas the lower and upper members are essentially monotonous limestones. Keller (1999 erected an informal tripartite subdivision conforming to three putative, shallowing-upward sequences, with the boundaries recording abrupt changes in relative sealevel. We do not detect this pattern and our proposed members do not coincide with this subdivision. We recognize nine individual lithofacies types (Fig. 2a-f. These are for the most part similar to those determined by Keller (1999 and Cañas (1999, but we consider that they over-estimated the abundance of muddy facies in the form of lime mudstone, wackestone and packstone. Limestones in all three members are dominantly thick- and massively bedded peloidal grainstones exhibiting tabular and gently undulating bedding. In the lower and upper members there are subordinate ooidal grainstones, along with rare peloidal packstone, intraclastic rudstone, mudstone, microbial laminites and thrombolite patch reefs. Dolostones are of two types: thick- and massively bedded and commonly cher

  12. Modelación de la conectividad de las subpoblaciones de la langosta de Juan Fernández (Jasus frontalis), a través de un modelo biofísico / Modeling the connectivity of Juan Fernández rock lobster (Jasus frontalis), subpopulations through a biophysical model

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Javier, Porobic; Carolina, Parada; Billy, Ernst; Samuel E, Hormazábal; Vincent, Combes.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available El archipiélago de Juan Fernández y el de las islas Desventuradas, corresponden a dos pequenos grupos de islas oceánicas, separadas entre sí 460 mn y ubicadas aproximadamente a 360 mn frente a la costa chilena. La economía local de estas islas se basa casi exclusivamente en la extracción y comercial [...] ización de recursos marinos, focalizados principalmente en la explotación de la langosta (Jasusfrontalis). Esta especie endémica se encuentra distribuída en ambos archipiélagos conformando una metapoblación, donde su dinámica y estructura poblacional sería modulada por forzantes oceanográficos, especialmente durante su prolongada fase larval planctónica. Se evaluó la estructura poblacional y el grado de conectividad-retención dentro y entre las diferentes islas mediante el uso de modelos biofísicos acoplados (modelos hidrodinámicos provenientes del modelo OFES y un modelo individuo basado de J. frontalis). El análisis de los resultados del modelo hidrodinámico indica la presencia de estructuras de mesoescala asociadas al sistema de islas. Índices provenientes del modelo biofísico muestran niveles importantes de conectividad-retención dentro y entre los sistemas de islas y una fuerte variación interanual de estos. Los resultados de la modelación biofísica indican que la varibilidad en el reclutamiento asociado al archipiélago de Juan Fernández depende mayoritariamente de larvas originadas en este mismo sistema, con un aporte importante de reclutas hacia el archipiélago de las Desventuradas. Se realizaron estudios de sensibilidad del modelo biofísico para identificar forzantes potenciales de las variables dependientes del modelo (e.g. índices de conectividad-retención), resultando en que los patrones temporales y espaciales reproductivos, la duración del estadio larval y la temporada (ano) son altamente significativos. Finalmente, se propone que J. frontalis presenta una estructura metapoblacional con un alto nivel de conectividad en el archipiélago de Juan Fernández y un fuerte aporte de larvas hacia las islas Desventuradas. Estos flujos se ven determinados principalmente por el acoplamiento entre los factores biológicos y los factores oceanográficos imperantes. Abstract in english Located approximately 360 nm off the coast of Chile there is a disjoint realm of two small oceanic islands systems, the Juan Fernández and the Desventuradas archipelago. Currently the local economy of the islands is almost exclusively supported by the harvest and trade of marine resources, focusing [...] mainly on the exploitation of the rock lobster (Jasus frontalis). This endemic species is distributed in both archipelagos, forming a metapopulation, whose population structure and dynamic is modulated by oceanographic forcing, especially during its extended planktonic larval phase. The population structure and the conection-retention within and between islands was assessed, based on the use of coupled biophysical model (the hidrodynamics model OFES and an individual-based model of J. frontalis). The analysis of the hydrodynamic model predictions showed the presence of mesoscale structures associated with the islands systems. The simulation results indicated significant levels of connectivity-retention within and between island systems showing also a strong interannual variation of these. Biophysical modeling results indicated that recruitment varibility associated with the Juan Fernández archipelago depends mainly on larvae originated within this system, which as well will contribute with recruits to the Desventuradas archipelago. The sensitivity analysis of the biophysical model to identify the potential biophysical forcing of the dependent variables of the model (e.g. connectivity-retention index), resulted in that temporal and spatial patterns reproductive larval stage duration and season (year) are highly significant factors. Finally, a metapopulation structure for J.frontalis, with a high level of connectivity in the archipelago of Juan Fernandez and a considerable amount of la

  13. Modelación de la conectividad de las subpoblaciones de la langosta de Juan Fernández (Jasus frontalis, a través de un modelo biofísico Modeling the connectivity of Juan Fernández rock lobster (Jasus frontalis, subpopulations through a biophysical model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Porobic

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available El archipiélago de Juan Fernández y el de las islas Desventuradas, corresponden a dos pequenos grupos de islas oceánicas, separadas entre sí 460 mn y ubicadas aproximadamente a 360 mn frente a la costa chilena. La economía local de estas islas se basa casi exclusivamente en la extracción y comercialización de recursos marinos, focalizados principalmente en la explotación de la langosta (Jasusfrontalis. Esta especie endémica se encuentra distribuída en ambos archipiélagos conformando una metapoblación, donde su dinámica y estructura poblacional sería modulada por forzantes oceanográficos, especialmente durante su prolongada fase larval planctónica. Se evaluó la estructura poblacional y el grado de conectividad-retención dentro y entre las diferentes islas mediante el uso de modelos biofísicos acoplados (modelos hidrodinámicos provenientes del modelo OFES y un modelo individuo basado de J. frontalis. El análisis de los resultados del modelo hidrodinámico indica la presencia de estructuras de mesoescala asociadas al sistema de islas. Índices provenientes del modelo biofísico muestran niveles importantes de conectividad-retención dentro y entre los sistemas de islas y una fuerte variación interanual de estos. Los resultados de la modelación biofísica indican que la varibilidad en el reclutamiento asociado al archipiélago de Juan Fernández depende mayoritariamente de larvas originadas en este mismo sistema, con un aporte importante de reclutas hacia el archipiélago de las Desventuradas. Se realizaron estudios de sensibilidad del modelo biofísico para identificar forzantes potenciales de las variables dependientes del modelo (e.g. índices de conectividad-retención, resultando en que los patrones temporales y espaciales reproductivos, la duración del estadio larval y la temporada (ano son altamente significativos. Finalmente, se propone que J. frontalis presenta una estructura metapoblacional con un alto nivel de conectividad en el archipiélago de Juan Fernández y un fuerte aporte de larvas hacia las islas Desventuradas. Estos flujos se ven determinados principalmente por el acoplamiento entre los factores biológicos y los factores oceanográficos imperantes.Located approximately 360 nm off the coast of Chile there is a disjoint realm of two small oceanic islands systems, the Juan Fernández and the Desventuradas archipelago. Currently the local economy of the islands is almost exclusively supported by the harvest and trade of marine resources, focusing mainly on the exploitation of the rock lobster (Jasus frontalis. This endemic species is distributed in both archipelagos, forming a metapopulation, whose population structure and dynamic is modulated by oceanographic forcing, especially during its extended planktonic larval phase. The population structure and the conection-retention within and between islands was assessed, based on the use of coupled biophysical model (the hidrodynamics model OFES and an individual-based model of J. frontalis. The analysis of the hydrodynamic model predictions showed the presence of mesoscale structures associated with the islands systems. The simulation results indicated significant levels of connectivity-retention within and between island systems showing also a strong interannual variation of these. Biophysical modeling results indicated that recruitment varibility associated with the Juan Fernández archipelago depends mainly on larvae originated within this system, which as well will contribute with recruits to the Desventuradas archipelago. The sensitivity analysis of the biophysical model to identify the potential biophysical forcing of the dependent variables of the model (e.g. connectivity-retention index, resulted in that temporal and spatial patterns reproductive larval stage duration and season (year are highly significant factors. Finally, a metapopulation structure for J.frontalis, with a high level of connectivity in the archipelago of Juan Fernandez and a considerable amount of larvae in the Desventuradas islands is propo

  14. Green area loss in San Juan’s inner-ring suburban neighborhoods: a multidisciplinary approach to analyzing green/gray area dynamics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis E. Ramos-Santiago

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The loss of green areas and vegetation in suburban neighborhoods poses short- and long-term consequences associated with environmental changes and socioeconomic decline that can propel such developments to an unsustainable state. We summarize an interdisciplinary investigation aimed at identifying the drivers of green area loss, green cover loss, and quantifying the impact on three inner-ring suburban neighborhoods located along the Rio Piedras watershed in San Juan, Puerto Rico. An inductive approach to social-ecological research was undertaken because it provides a flexible platform for interdisciplinary collaboration on this complex and dynamic subject. The three developments selected for the study were constructed in the mid-20th century under paradigms of modernity that included providing conditions for a better and more dignified way of living, among which green areas played a central role. The green area change analysis was undertaken first, by way of using building footprint growth as a proxy, which represents a minimal estimate of change, and transferring the information from aerial photographs, original development plans, construction drawings, and GIS maps to AutoCAD to quantify building footprint change for each neighborhood. The period of analysis started from the time of the construction of each development to the year 2010. The second estimation was performed using orthorectified infrared aerial imagery to quantify green cover in year 2008 and contrast that information with the conditions at the time the developments were constructed. Green-gray area dynamics were thus analyzed together with longitudinal socioeconomic data to help in the assessment of effects. The investigation revealed long-term socioeconomic declining trends in two of the neighborhoods, weak governance of the built environment, substantial increase in automobile ownership, and distinct physical-spatial characteristics as drivers behind the changes observed. The complexity and variety of exogenous and endogenous factors that have been identified in this study as affecting private and public inner-ring suburban green areas reveals dynamic and spatially differentiated concomitant processes and suggests that these are conditioned by the socioeconomic trajectories of each neighborhood and by larger metropolitan scale socioeconomic and technological trends. Lower income neighborhoods reflect a tendency for socioeconomic decline and greater loss of green areas and vegetation cover in time, thus suggesting policies geared toward adaptive governance. In contrast, the upper income neighborhood exhibits a more stable socioeconomic trajectory and less significant green area loss as well as increase in vegetation cover. Three hypotheses are posited for future sampling increments and testing. The findings and literature on urban economics and the decline of inner-ring suburbs in the U.S. suggest the need for policy geared to sustainable urban redevelopment as a strategy for adaptive governance. The competing needs for land by higher density uses and by green areas in sustainable redevelopment initiatives requires a trade-off analysis in which a thorough account of costs and benefits is warranted. As such, sound data as that presented in this paper will aid urban ecological design in the process of achieving sustainable and environmentally sound land-use adaptations that seek to recuperate green areas’ environmental services in urban and suburban contexts.

  15. Biofacies de trilobites cámbricos en la Formación Alojamiento, Precordillera de San Juan y Mendoza, Argentina / Cambrian trilobite biofacies in the Alojamiento Formation, Precordillera of San Juan and Mendoza, Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Osvaldo Luis, Bordonaro; Aldo Luis, Banchig.

    2007-03-30

    Full Text Available Se realiza una interpretación biofacial con trilobites del Cámbrico Medio hallados en los carbonatos de la Formación Alojamiento de la Precordillera de San Juan y Mendoza, Argentina. Se aplica el concepto de bioestratigrafía dual que define a las biofacies como unidades estratigráficas bióticas info [...] rmales caracterizadas por taxones mayores. La Biofacies de Alokistocaridae está integrada por un 10 % de poliméridos de la familia Alokistocaridae contenidos en grainstones y packstones aflorantes en el cordón de Santa Clara (San Juan) y representa un ambiente de alta energía interpretado como bajíos o barras de borde de plataforma. La Biofacies de Peronopsis está compuesta por ~25 % de agnóstidos del género Peronopsis incluidos en packstones y wackestones expuestos en la quebrada de Aguilera en el cordón del Alojamiento (Mendoza), que caracterizan una plataforma externa relativamente somera. La Biofacies de Ptychagnostus está definida por un ~30 % de agnóstidos del género Ptychagnostus alojados en mudstones y calcipelitas que afloran en la quebrada del León del cordón del Alojamiento (Mendoza) y responde a una plataforma externa profunda. Tanto las litofacies como las biofacies permiten reconocer un incremento batimétrico en sentido Este-Oeste, desde un borde somero de plataforma interna hasta una plataforma externa profunda. Dentro de cada biofacies se reconocen las Zonas de Ehmaniella, Oryctocephalus y Ptychagnostus gibbus que indican el Marjumiano Temprano. Abstract in english Several Middle - Cambrian trilobite biofacies are defined from limestones of the Alojamiento Formation in the San Juan and Mendoza, Precordillera, Argentina. This study is based on the concept of dual biostratigraphy that defines biofacies as an informal biotic stratigraphic unit of environmental si [...] gnificance characterized by associations of higher taxa. The Alokistocaridae Biofacies is composed of 10 % polymeroids of the Alokistocaridae family representing high energy shoal - water grainstones - packstones from the cordón de Santa Clara (San Juan). The Peronopsis Biofacies is composed of ~25 % of the agnostoid Peronopsis occurring in outer platform shallow subtidal packstones - wackestones exposed in the quebrada of Aguilera in the cordón del Alojamiento (Mendoza). The Ptychagnostus Biofacies is defined by ~30 % of the agnostoid Ptychagnostus found in outer - platform deep subtidal mudstones - calcipelites cropping out in the León Creek, cordón del Alojamiento (Mendoza). Both biofacies and lithofacies show an East-West bathymetric increase from shallow inner - platform to deep outer - platform settings. The Ehmaniella, Oryctocephalus and Ptychagnostus gibbus Zones recognised within each biofacies indicate an Early Marjumian age.

  16. Juan Bautista Alberdi: o pensamento econômico de um liberal latino-americano no século XIX / Juan Alberdi: the economic thought of a Latin American classic liberal in the nineteenth century

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Márcio Bobik, Braga.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo destacar algumas das principais ideias do economista e pensador argentino do século XIX, Juan Bautista Alberdi. Tal interpretação se baseia em duas das suas principais obras: Bases y Puntos de Partida para La Organización Política de La República Argentina, escrito orig [...] inalmente em 1852, e sua obra póstuma, Estudios Económicos, publicada originalmente em 1886. Juan Bautista Alberdi foi jurista, escritor, jornalista e economista, sempre preocupado com a construção da nacionalidade de uma região que seria a atual Argentina em um dos momentos iniciais da expansão do capitalismo cujo centro de interesse era a Inglaterra. Procurou entender seu país a partir de uma perspectiva liberal, porém considerando as estruturas locais. Defendeu, no processo, a inclusão social e regional, uma melhor divisão de poder e um federalismo fiscal mais justo para a região. Foi muito além da defesa da simples divisão internacional do trabalho. Se, no início da sua vida intelectual, colocava-se como um pensador otimista, com o decorrer dos acontecimentos, particularmente durante a segunda metade do século XIX, olhou com desconfiança e pessimismo para o processo de construção do liberalismo argentino conduzido pela cidade de Buenos Aires. Abstract in english This article aims to highlight some of the major economic ideas of the nineteenth century's Argentinian economist and thinker Juan Bautista Alberdi. This interpretation is based on two of his major works: Bases y Puntos de Partida para La Organización Política de La República Argentina, originally w [...] ritten in 1852, and his posthumous Estudios Económicos, originally published in 1886. Juan Bautista Alberdi was a lawyer, writer, journalist and economist always concerned with the construction of the nationality of the region that would become Argentina in those early stages of capitalism's expansion that had England as its center of interest. Alberdi tried to understand his country from a liberal perspective, but with the local structures in mind. He defended, in the process, social and regional inclusion, a better power-sharing and a more equitable fiscal federalism for the region. He went far beyond the simple defense of international division of labor. If, at the beginning of his intellectual life, he presented himself as an optimistic thinker, with the course of events, particularly during the second half of the nineteenth century, he looked with distrust and pessimism at the liberalism's construction led by Buenos Aires.

  17. Estudio seroepidemilógico de la hidatidosis humana en la Comuna de San Juan de la Costa, Osorno, X Región, Chile, 2000 Seroepidemiological study of human hydatidosis in San Juan de la Costa County, Osorno, X Region, Chile

    OpenAIRE

    Carmen Gloria Zamorano; Contreras, Mari?a Del C.; Patricia Salinas; Claudio Silva; Verónica Catalán; María de los Angeles Bahamonde

    2001-01-01

    San Juan de la Costa County (40º 45' South lat., 73º 19' West long.) is located in the Osorno province, South of Chile. Its population is 11,445. The basic economic activities are agriculture,cattle raising, fishery, timber production and manufacture of wood and coal. According to official reports, the incidence of human hydatidosis in Chile and Osorno province, in 1999, was 1.8 and 12.5 per 100,000 respectively. In order to contribute to a better knowledge of the epidemiology of human hyda...

  18. El uso de productos del reino mineral en la terapéutica del siglo XVI. El libro de los Medicamentos simples de Juan Fragoso (1581 y el Antidotario de Juan Calvo (1580

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fresquet Febrer, José Luis

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available This work aims to approach us the use of "mineral products" in medicine during 16th and 17th centuries. To have an idea about the use of minerals in daily practice, we have studied Juan Fragoso's Libro de los medicamentos simples (1581, and Juan Calvo's Antidotario (1580. We have also checked the presence of these substances in Dioscorides Materia medica, version of Andres Laguna, and the Diccionario de Autoridades. In addition, but not exhaustively, we have followed the used of these products in medicine until the present. This work proves the medical application of about half a hundred of mineral products, the use of which, was coommon in metallurgy, in paintings and vernishes manufacture, in ceramics, in dying industry, etc. However, the physicians of those times, such as Fragoso and Calvo were careful when applying mineral substances due to their great toxicity.

    Este trabajo pretende acercamos al uso de lo que podemos designar como productos pertenecientes al reino mineral, en la medicina científica de los siglos XVI y XVII. Con el fin de hacemos una idea de lo que realmente se utilizaba en la práctica cotidiana, se han estudiado el Libro de los medicamentos simples de Juan Fragoso y el Antidotario de Juan Calvo. Tomando como base los fármacos que en ellos se describen y comentan, hemos comprobado su presencia en la versión de la Materia médica de Dioscórides, de Andrés Laguna, y hemos completado la información con las definiciones del Diccionario de Autoridades. Además de esto, aunque no de forma exhaustiva, hemos seguido el empleo de estas sustancias en medicina hasta la actualidad. El trabajo demuestra el empleo en terapéutica de más de medio centenar de este tipo de productos cuyo uso era habitual en metalurgia, en la fabricación de pinturas y barnices, en cerámica, en tintes, etc. Los médicos de entonces fueron bastante cautelosos al aplicarlos debido a su gran toxicidad.

  19. A parasitic copepod, Neoalbionella sp. (Lernaeopodidae), on the southern lanternshark Etmopterus granulosus (Etmopteridae) off Juan Fernández Archipelago, Chile / Un copépodo parásito, Neoalbionella sp. (Lernaeopodidae), en el tiburón linterna Etmopterus granulosus (Etmopteriidae) del archipiélago Juan Fernández, Chile

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sara M, Rodríguez; José L, Luque; Mario, George-Nascimento.

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The morphology of an as yet undetermined Neoalbionella species is described from specimens collected from the second dorsal fin of the southern lanternshark Etmopterus granulosus, caught at a submerged ridge off Juan Fernández Archipelago, Southeastern Pacific Ocean, Chile. Two features of the femal [...] es suggest that this may be an undescribed species: the presence of one secondary denticle on the claw of the maxilliped, and three setae on the outer lobe of the maxillule. However, males are essential to describe new species of Lernaeopodidae but were not found. This is a new host and geographical record of Neoalbionella sp. off the Pacific coast of South America-

  20. Seamounts in the southeastern Pacific Ocean and biodiversity on Juan Fernandez seamounts, Chile Montes submarinos en el océano Pacífico suroriental y biodiversidad en el cordón de Juan Fernández, Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleuterio Yáñez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Seamounts are vulnerable marine ecosystems. In Chile, information on these ecosystems is quite scarce; thus, a compilation of information on their geographical distribution and biodiversity is presented herein. A total of 118 seamounts distributed in the Chilean EEZ are identified and characterized. Additionally, an in situ assessment was carried out on the Juan Fernandez seamounts 1 and 2 (JF1 and JF2, which were also oceanographically characterized. Phytoplankton, zooplankton, and marine invertebrate samples were collected and an exploratory fishing survey was executed using different gears. According to the bibliographical review, a total of 82 species have been collected on the JF1 and JF2 seamounts, highlighting fmdings of black coral species caught in lobster traps at the Juan Fernandez Archipelago. Submarine images of the marine substrate at JF1 and JF2 reveal characteristics attributable to the impact of bottom dredges, coinciding with the information obtained from the trawling fleet. The fishing activity was carried out primarily at JF2 (4,667 km of trawling. The monthly fishing effort increased considerably in 2002, 2003, and 2005, reaching values above 500 km of trawling and, thus, modifying the spatial structure of the resource aggregates on the JF2 seamount.Los montes submarinos constituyen ecosistemas marinos vulnerables. Chile presenta una escasa información acerca de estos ecosistemas, por lo que este trabajo recopila información sobre distribución geográfica y biodiversidad. Se identifican y caracterizan 118 montes en la ZEE de Chile. Adicionalmente, una evaluación in situ se desarrolló sobre los montes Juan Fernández 1 y 2 (JF1, JF2, caracterizándolos oceanógraficamente. Se recolectaron muestras de fitoplancton, zooplancton e invertebrados marinos, y se realizó pesca exploratoria con diversos artes. La revisión bibliográfica establece que en JF1 y JF2, se han capturado un total de 82 especies, destacándose la presencia de corales negros en trampas langosteras en el archipiélago de Juan Fernández. Fotografías submarinas de los montes JF1 y JF2 presentan características atribuibles al impacto de artes de arrastre de fondo, concordante con información de la flota. El esfuerzo de pesca se realizó mayormente en JF2 (4.667 km arrastrados. El esfuerzo de pesca mensual se incrementó considerablemente durante el 2002, 2003 y 2005, alcanzando valores sobre 500 km arrastrados, modificando la estructura espacial de las agregaciones de recursos en el monte JF2.

  1. Seamounts in the southeastern Pacific Ocean and biodiversity on Juan Fernandez seamounts, Chile / Montes submarinos en el océano Pacífico suroriental y biodiversidad en el cordón de Juan Fernández, Chile

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Eleuterio, Yáñez; Claudio, Silva; Rodrigo, Vega; Fernando, Espíndola; Lorena, Álvarez; Nelson, Silva; Sergio, Palma; Sergio, Salinas; Eduardo, Menschel; Verena, Häussermann; Daniela, Soto; Nadín, Ramírez.

    Full Text Available Los montes submarinos constituyen ecosistemas marinos vulnerables. Chile presenta una escasa información acerca de estos ecosistemas, por lo que este trabajo recopila información sobre distribución geográfica y biodiversidad. Se identifican y caracterizan 118 montes en la ZEE de Chile. Adicionalment [...] e, una evaluación in situ se desarrolló sobre los montes Juan Fernández 1 y 2 (JF1, JF2), caracterizándolos oceanógraficamente. Se recolectaron muestras de fitoplancton, zooplancton e invertebrados marinos, y se realizó pesca exploratoria con diversos artes. La revisión bibliográfica establece que en JF1 y JF2, se han capturado un total de 82 especies, destacándose la presencia de corales negros en trampas langosteras en el archipiélago de Juan Fernández. Fotografías submarinas de los montes JF1 y JF2 presentan características atribuibles al impacto de artes de arrastre de fondo, concordante con información de la flota. El esfuerzo de pesca se realizó mayormente en JF2 (4.667 km arrastrados). El esfuerzo de pesca mensual se incrementó considerablemente durante el 2002, 2003 y 2005, alcanzando valores sobre 500 km arrastrados, modificando la estructura espacial de las agregaciones de recursos en el monte JF2. Abstract in english Seamounts are vulnerable marine ecosystems. In Chile, information on these ecosystems is quite scarce; thus, a compilation of information on their geographical distribution and biodiversity is presented herein. A total of 118 seamounts distributed in the Chilean EEZ are identified and characterized. [...] Additionally, an in situ assessment was carried out on the Juan Fernandez seamounts 1 and 2 (JF1 and JF2), which were also oceanographically characterized. Phytoplankton, zooplankton, and marine invertebrate samples were collected and an exploratory fishing survey was executed using different gears. According to the bibliographical review, a total of 82 species have been collected on the JF1 and JF2 seamounts, highlighting fmdings of black coral species caught in lobster traps at the Juan Fernandez Archipelago. Submarine images of the marine substrate at JF1 and JF2 reveal characteristics attributable to the impact of bottom dredges, coinciding with the information obtained from the trawling fleet. The fishing activity was carried out primarily at JF2 (4,667 km of trawling). The monthly fishing effort increased considerably in 2002, 2003, and 2005, reaching values above 500 km of trawling and, thus, modifying the spatial structure of the resource aggregates on the JF2 seamount.

  2. Mr Lars Leijonborg, Minister for Higher Education and Research of Sweden visiting the cavern ATLAS, the control room of ATLAS and the machine LHC at Point 1 with Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni and Dr. Jos Engelen, Chief Scientific Officer of CERN.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2008-01-01

    Mr Lars Leijonborg, Minister for Higher Education and Research of Sweden visiting the cavern ATLAS, the control room of ATLAS and the machine LHC at Point 1 with Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni and Dr. Jos Engelen, Chief Scientific Officer of CERN.

  3. Contributions to the knowledge of the geological evolution of the Atrato and San Juan basins within the arc Panama-Choco

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The geological, geophysical and geochemical data pertaining the previously known as Choco Basin was compiled and reinterpreted. Today, two distinct Cenozoic basins, the Atrato Basin and the San Juan Basin are identified, each with its own geological history. They are bounded by the Istmina-Condoto Structural High, in fact, a paleo-high which intermittently acts as sedimentary barrier, i.e. source area. In the San Juan Delta Basin up to 9 km (?) of mainly clastic sediments were deposited, most probably since Paleocene time. In the Atrato Fore Arc Basin a 10 km thickness of Cenozoic sediments were seismically recorded. Both basins are sufficiently structured, as to produce potential hydrocarbon traps, mainly post-Miocene in age. The tecto-sedimentary framework in the San Juan Basin is controlled by the Istmina-Condoto Fault System in the NW and the Garrapatas Fault System in the SE. In the Atrato Basin the occurrence of growth faults is an outstanding feature.

  4. Organisation communale et droits sur l'eau et la terre à San Juan de Uchucuanicu, vallée du Chancay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1975-01-01

    Full Text Available Le village de San Juan est organisé en communauté paysanne comme tous les autres villages de la vallée de Chancay. Sont brièvement exposés l'entrée dans la communauté, les charges communales, les droits communaux et individuels sur les eaux et les terres. Aux charges politiques s'ajoutent les charges cérémonielles pour les fêtes, ainsi que les charges communales concernant les travaux d'intérêt commun (faenas. Les diverses 'terres' du terroir sont exploitées suivant un système complexe de droits dans lesquels coexistent des droits communaux et individuels dont l'existence et les modifications présentes ne semblent pas favoriser l'égalité des divers comuneros. El pueblo de San Juan está organizado como comunidad campesina al igual que los otros pueblos del valle del Chancay. Brevemente se expone la entrada en la comunidad, las cargas comunales, los derechos comunales, los derechos comunales e individuales sobre las aguas y las tierras. A los cargos políticos se agregan los cargos ceremoniales en las fiestas, lo mismo que los cargos comunales concernientes a los trabajos de interés común (faenas. Las diferentes ''tierras' del terruño se explotan siguiendo un sistema complejo de derechos entre los que coexisten derechos comunales e individuales cuya existencia y las modificaciones presentes no parecen favorecer la igualdad de los diversos comuneros. San Juan village is organized into a village community as the other villages in the valley of Chancay. We will expose briefly the entrance to the community, the communal functions, communal and individual rights upon water and lands. Added to the political functions, the ceremonial ones during the festivals as the ones which are concerning works made for the common interest (faenas. The different lands of the soil are exploited according to a complex right system in which coexist communal and individual rights but their existence and present modifications don't seem to help the equality between the different comuneros.

  5. El doctor Juan Santos Fernández Hernández y la Crónica Médico-Quirúrgica de la habana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio López Espinosa

    2002-02-01

    Full Text Available Durante el último tercio del período colonial, caracterizado por reiterados enfrentamientos políticos e inestables situaciones económicas, era casi imposible que algún médico criollo pudiera convertirse en un especialista de prestigio, dadas la carencia de escenarios donde demostrar la competencia adquirida y la falta de emolumentos que obligaban a la práctica de la medicina general. El doctor Juan Santos Fernández Hernández, además de superar ese escollo al ser el primer cubano en ejercer la Oftalmología y consolidarla como especialidad independiente, fue protagonista principal de un renacimiento científico en nuestro país. Uno de sus aportes más relevantes en este sentido fue la fundación de una revista que, con el título de Crónica Médico-Quirúrgica de La Habana, registró durante 66 años los trabajos de los más altos exponentes de la cultura médica nacional. Esta revista, ubicada en un lugar de preferencia en los anales de la bibliografía médica cubana de todas las épocas, atesora en sus páginas materiales de consulta obligada para los documentalistas consagrados a la labor histórico-bibliográfica y para los interesados en conocer todo lo que guarda relación con la evolución de las ciencias de la salud en la isla entre 1875 y 1940. En este artículo se trata de evitar que la inexorable acción del tiempo continúe absorbiendo y ocultando el valor de este baluarte de la documentación médica nacional, al consignar algunos rasgos importantes de la vida y la obra de su fundador y brindar detalles en relación con sus aspectos formales y de contenido.During the last third of the colonial period, characterized by repeated political confrontations and unstable economic situations, it was almost impossible that some Cuban physician could become a specialist of prestige, due to the shortage of settings where to show the competence acquired and the lack of fees that forced to the practice of general medicine. Dr. Juan Santos Fernández Hernández, besides overcoming that obstacle upon being the first Cuban to practice Ophthalmology and consolidate it as an independent specialty, was a major figure of a scientific revival in his country. One of his most relevant contributions in this sense was the foundation of a magazine that, under the title of Crónica Médico-Quirúrgica de La Habana, registered during 66 years the works of the highest representatives of the national medical culture. This magazine, established in a place of preference in the annals of Cuban medical bibliography of all times, amasses in its pages materials of obligatory reference for the specialists devoted to the historical- bibliographic work and for those interested in knowing all what is related to the evolution of the sciences of health in the island between 1875 and 1940. The present paper tries to prevent the inexorable action of time from keeping on absorbing and hiding the value of this remarkable exponent of national medical documentation, upon registering some important features of the life and work of its founder and giving details with respect to its formal and content aspects.

  6. El doctor Juan Santos Fernández Hernández y la Crónica Médico-Quirúrgica de la habana

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José Antonio, López Espinosa; Elena, López Serrano; José, López Sánchez.

    2002-02-01

    Full Text Available Durante el último tercio del período colonial, caracterizado por reiterados enfrentamientos políticos e inestables situaciones económicas, era casi imposible que algún médico criollo pudiera convertirse en un especialista de prestigio, dadas la carencia de escenarios donde demostrar la competencia a [...] dquirida y la falta de emolumentos que obligaban a la práctica de la medicina general. El doctor Juan Santos Fernández Hernández, además de superar ese escollo al ser el primer cubano en ejercer la Oftalmología y consolidarla como especialidad independiente, fue protagonista principal de un renacimiento científico en nuestro país. Uno de sus aportes más relevantes en este sentido fue la fundación de una revista que, con el título de Crónica Médico-Quirúrgica de La Habana, registró durante 66 años los trabajos de los más altos exponentes de la cultura médica nacional. Esta revista, ubicada en un lugar de preferencia en los anales de la bibliografía médica cubana de todas las épocas, atesora en sus páginas materiales de consulta obligada para los documentalistas consagrados a la labor histórico-bibliográfica y para los interesados en conocer todo lo que guarda relación con la evolución de las ciencias de la salud en la isla entre 1875 y 1940. En este artículo se trata de evitar que la inexorable acción del tiempo continúe absorbiendo y ocultando el valor de este baluarte de la documentación médica nacional, al consignar algunos rasgos importantes de la vida y la obra de su fundador y brindar detalles en relación con sus aspectos formales y de contenido. Abstract in english During the last third of the colonial period, characterized by repeated political confrontations and unstable economic situations, it was almost impossible that some Cuban physician could become a specialist of prestige, due to the shortage of settings where to show the competence acquired and the l [...] ack of fees that forced to the practice of general medicine. Dr. Juan Santos Fernández Hernández, besides overcoming that obstacle upon being the first Cuban to practice Ophthalmology and consolidate it as an independent specialty, was a major figure of a scientific revival in his country. One of his most relevant contributions in this sense was the foundation of a magazine that, under the title of Crónica Médico-Quirúrgica de La Habana, registered during 66 years the works of the highest representatives of the national medical culture. This magazine, established in a place of preference in the annals of Cuban medical bibliography of all times, amasses in its pages materials of obligatory reference for the specialists devoted to the historical- bibliographic work and for those interested in knowing all what is related to the evolution of the sciences of health in the island between 1875 and 1940. The present paper tries to prevent the inexorable action of time from keeping on absorbing and hiding the value of this remarkable exponent of national medical documentation, upon registering some important features of the life and work of its founder and giving details with respect to its formal and content aspects.

  7. / Application of seismic refraction tomography for tunnel design in Santa Clara Mountain, San Juan, Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Armando Luis, Imhof; Manuel, Sánchez; Carlos, Calvo; Adriana, Martín.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Se llevó a cabo un estudio geofísico de tomografía sísmica por refracción (SRT) con ondas compresionales en la Sierra de Santa Clara, provincia de San Juan, República Argentina en julio de 2009. El propósito del estudio geofísico fue determinar las variaciones de velocidad de ondas P en el interior [...] del macizo rocoso con el fin de inferir el grado de fracturación y rigidez del mismo, y proyectar la construcción de un túnel vial de 290 m de longitud, que atravesará la montaña de forma casi perpendicular al eje de la misma, a 100 m de profundidad desde la cumbre. Varias dificultades se presentaron desde el punto de vista operativo, que tornaron altamente compleja la realización del trabajo de campo en circunstancias normales. En primer lugar las condiciones topográficas, con pendientes de 45° y profundidades de investigación de 100 m, que implicaba el uso de explosivos para generar ondas sísmicas que alcanzaran los sensores con suficiente relación señal-ruido para distinguirlas. Restricciones legales respecto al uso de explosivos, por una parte, y la potencia insuficiente en caso de uso de golpe de maza por otra, hicieron necesario el diseño y construcción de un cañón impulsado por gas en busca de generar la energía mínima (2 kJ) necesaria para la detección de las señales sísmicas. En segundo lugar, no fue posible la utilización de los métodos convencionales de interpretación que emplean modelos de capas, inoperable en este tipo de estructuras geológicas; por ello resultó imprescindible utilizar el método de tomografìa sísmica que hace uso del concepto de gradientes de velocidades, tanto laterales como en profundidad. Ello posibilitó mapear las variaciones de velocidad en subsuelo en forma de curvas de nivel. Abstract in english A geophysical survey involving seismic refraction tomography (SRT) for mapping 'P' waves was carried out in Sierra Santa Clara, San Juan Province, Argentina in July 2009. The purpose of the geophysical survey was to determine the degree of fracturing and the rigidity of the rock mass through which i [...] t is planned to build a 290 m long road tunnel traversing the mountain almost perpendicular to the axis thereof, at around 100 m depth from the summit. Several difficulties arose from the operational point of view which made it almost impossible to conduct fieldwork in normal circumstances. Firstly, the topography had almost 45° slopes and 100 m research depths which would have involved having had to use explosives to generate seismic waves reaching sensors which had sufficient signal-to-noise ratio for distinguishing them. Legal restrictions regarding the use of explosives on the one hand and insufficient power when using hammer blows on the other made it necessary to design and build a gas-powered gun to achieve the minimum energy (2 kJ) required for detecting seismic signals. Secondly, using conventional interpretation methods involving layered models was inoperable in such geological structures; seismic tomography methods were thus used which make use of the velocity gradient concept (both lateral and in-depth). This allowed mapping subsurface velocity variations in the form of velocity contour lines. The methodology used with the new seismic waves' source generator, as well as SRT application in this type of geological structure, demonstrated that satisfactory results could be obtained for this kind of geophysical study for geotechnical purposes.

  8. Sistema geotermal de despoblados determinado a partir de datos magnetotelúricos, valle del Cura, San Juan

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Hernan, Barcelona; Alicia, Favetto; Gisel, Peri; Cristina, Pomposiello; Héctor, Ostera.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available El Valle del Cura se emplaza dentro de un sistema de corrimientos N-S en la alta cordillera de San Juan. Este valle presenta manifestaciones geotermales variadas destacándose los manantiales hipertermales de Despoblados. El objetivo de este trabajo fue estudiar el fenómeno geotermal mediante magneto [...] telúrica de alta resolución para resolver la geometría del sistema en profundidad. Se midió alta frecuencia (1000 - 10 Hz) en 47 sitios y banda ancha (10 - 0,03 Hz) en 18 sitios. Se efectuó un procesamiento robusto de la señal y un análisis estándar de sus propiedades. Inversiones 2-D permitieron caracterizar la distribución de la resistividad eléctrica del subsuelo mediante 5 modelos luego integrados en uno pseudo 3-D. Los modelos definen dos anomalías conductivas, una de ellas directamente vinculada con los manantiales calientes y la otra sin expresión superficial. Ambas evidencian un fuerte control estructural y una circulación profunda de fluidos geotermales. El modelo del sistema geotermal propuesto para Despoblados implica zonas de surgencia tipo plumas canalizadas por las fallas que controlan la geometría del valle y zonas de recarga asociadas a los corrimientos principales, por donde se infiltra agua meteórica. No existe evidencia de un nivel estratigráfico somero que conforme el reservorio, aunque no se descarta la existencia de uno más profundo. La circulación profunda de fluidos bajo un gradiente geotérmico normal favorecería la convección, aunque no se descarta que esté localmente controlada por una anomalía térmica remanente del volcanismo del Cerro de Vidrio (1,5Ma). Finalmente, se abren interrogantes sobre la existencia de un sistema geotermal mayor que integre todas las manifestaciones de Valle del Cura. Abstract in english Valle del Cura develops within a N-S thrust system in the high cordillera of San Juan. This valley has various geothermal manifestations, where the hot springs of Despoblados are highlighted. The aim of the work was to study the geothermal phenomenon by magnetotellurics, in order to obtain the geome [...] try of the system in depth. High frecuency (1000 - 10 Hz) and broad band (10 - 0.03 Hz) were recorded in 47 and 18 sites. Robust signal processing and standard parameters analysis were performed. 2-D inversion of the data was carried out to obtain the electrical resistivity distribution through five models and a single pseudo 3-D model. The models defined two conductive anomalies, one directly linked with the hot springs and the other one without superficial manifestation. Both anomalies show structural control and a deep circulation of geothermal fluids. The proposed Despoblados geothermal system has plumes like upwelling zones channeled by faults that surround the valley and downwelling zones linked to the main thrusts, were the meteoric water leaks. Although there is no evidence of shallow lithostratigraphic level as reservoir, is not discarded the existence of one bellow 4000 m depth. The geothermal fluid circulation could be by normal geothermal gradient convection or favored by a remnant thermal anomaly from the Cerro de Vidrio volcanic event (1.5 Ma). Finally, some questions remains about the existence of a main geothermal systems that groups the apparent isolated manifestations on Valle del Cura.

  9. Resistencia bacteriana a antibióticos en el Hospital San Juan de Dios, 1995-1999

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Boza-Cordero

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available Justificación: La resistencia a antibióticos por parte de bacterias patógenas es un grave problema mundial. Su control ha sido difícil pero deben hacerse todos los esfuerzos por realizarlo. Conocer la epidemiología en las diferentes regiones y países se constituye en parte importante de este control. Este estudio se llevóa cabo con el fin de analizar el comportamiento de la resistencia en el hospital San Juan de Dios, centro de atención nacional de adultos de aproximadamente 700 camas. Materiales y métodos: El estudio se basóen los datos obtenidos en los años 1995-1999 ya que en 1995 se inició el empleo de equipo automatizado VITEK® en este hospital. Se analizaron 2817 aislamientos de cocos Gram positivos (CGP y 7626 de bacilos Gram negativos (BGN obtenidos de todos los sitios anatómicos y fluidos corporales. Por ser un estudio retrospectivo, no se pudo definir cuáles aislamientos provenían de infecciones intra o extrahospitalarias. Resultados: Staphylococcus aureus fue el CGP más frecuentemente aislado, mientras que el BGN más frecuente fue Escherichia coli. En más de 90% de los estafilococos aislados se demostróresistencia a la penicilina. La resistencia a la oxacilina en S.aureus se incrementóde 35% en 1995 a 52% en 1999 mientras que en los estafilococos coagulasa negativa, pasóde 70 a 77% en el mismo periodo. La resistencia a la cefalotina en S.aureus pasóde 35 a 50% mientras que en los estafilococos coagulasa negativa pasóde 65 a 76%. La resistencia a la clindamicina en ambos grupos bacterianos se mantuvo relativamente estable. No se demostróresistencia a la vancomicina. La mayoría de los enterococos aislados correspondieron a E. faecalis, 75% de ellos fueron sensibles a la penicilina y 50% no mostraron sinergismo de la gentamicina con los antibióticos que actúan sobre la pared. No se encontraron enterococos vancomicina resistentes. En las enterobacterias se observó un aumento importante de la resistencia a cefalosporinas de tercera generación. E. colimostró un aumento de la resistencia a ceftazidima de 10% en 1995 a 35% en 1999, mientras que Klebsiella pmeumoniae pasó de 0% a 52% para el mismo antibiótico en ese periodo. Con respecto a cefotaxima, mientras que en E.coli se incrementó la resistencia de 5 a 12%, en K. pneumoniae se modificó de 5 a 24%. Esto podría deberse a la presencia de ß-lactamasas de espectro ampliado. La sensibilidad a ciprofloxacina en E. colial igual que en K. pneumoniae se mantuvo estable. En cuanto a amicacina, E.coli pasó de 0% de resistencia en 1995 a 15% en 1999 y K. pneumoniae de 20 a 32%. En Enterobacter cloacae se demostróaumento importante de la resistencia a cefalosporinas de tercera generación y a amicacina no asía la ciprofloxacina. En todas las enterobacterias se mantuvo una baja resistencia al imipenem. En cuanto a BGN no fermentadores, se demostró en Pseudomonas aeruginosa un aumento de la resistencia a la mayoría de los antibióticos con excepción del imipenem y ceftazidima. No obstante Acinetobacter calcoaceticus presentóun incremento importante de la resistencia a amicacina (de 20 a 72%, a cefalosporinas de tercera generación (de 0 a 61% y ciprofloxacina (57%, manteniendo alta sensibilidad sólo a imipenem (95%.Background and aim: Antimicrobial resistance results in increased morbidity, mortality and costs of health care. Therefore, surveillance of antimicrobial resistance in hospitals must be part of infection control programs. The Hospital San Juan de Dios is a tertiary health care center in Costa Rica with 700 beds for adults. Since 1995, an automatized system (VITEK® is used in our bacteriology laboratory allowing an adequate control of the resistance patterns of bacterias isolated from different sites. The aim of this report is to describe the susceptibility to some antibiotics found in bacterias isolated from different sites from 1995 to 1999 and to determine their changes in resistance. Materials and Methods: Were reviewed. The files of the bacteriology laboratory of the hospital was done. We analized

  10. Juan Radrigán, Veinticinco años de teatro, 1979 - 2004 (un comentario general a propósito de marginalidad y memoria, dictadura, transición y postdictadura en Chile)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    ADOLFO, ALBORNOZ FARÍAS.

    Full Text Available Juan Radrigán ha cumplido, durante la temporada teatral 2004, veinticinco años como dramaturgo, período durante el cual ha llegado a ser uno de los más importantes autores en la historia del teatro chileno. Este artículo ofrece una mirada panorámica sobre estos veinticinco años de producción dramatú [...] rgica y teatral de Juan Radrigán, desde sus obras más emblemáticas estrenadas al final de los años setenta e inicio de los ochenta, en las que aborda fundamentalmente la marginalidad en el contexto del autoritarismo, algunas de las cuales ya forman parte de los clásicos del teatro chileno, hasta las piezas más recientes y menos conocidas del autor, en las que se refiere principalmente a la memoria en el contexto de la democracia, y con las que Juan Radrigán activamente se ha proyectado como dramaturgo para el siglo XXI Abstract in english Juan Radrigán has celebrated during the 2004 Theatrical Season twenty five years as a playwright. During this period he became one of the most important authors on Chilean Theatre history. This article offers a panoramic view about this twenty five years of Juan Radrigán’s dramatic and theatrical pr [...] oduction, from his most emblematic plays premiered at the late 70’s and early 80’s, in which he fundamentally highlights exclusion in the context of authoritarianism -some of those works are already part of Chilean Theatre Classics-, until the author’s newest and least known plays, in which he mainly refers to memory in the context of democracy -works that have actively proyected Juan Radrigán as a playwright for the XXI century

  11. The Yale/San Juan Proper Motion Program: A 2003 Status Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Girard, T. M.; Dinescu, D. I.; van Altena, W. F.; Korchagin, V. I.; Beers, T. C.; Platais, I.; Lopez, C. E.; Monet, D. G.

    2003-12-01

    The current status of the Yale/San Juan SPM program is presented. The recently released SPM3 Catalog is a near-complete catalog to V=17.5, providing absolute proper motions for 10.7 million objects. The proper-motion precision, for well-measured stars, is 4 mas/yr and the estimated systematic uncertainty is 0.4 mas/yr. In addition to our photographic B and V magnitudes, a cross-identification with the 2MASS all sky survey provides high-quality infrared photometry for virtually all SPM3 objects. As an example of the Catalog's scientific value, we present two simple applications of the SPM3 data: 1) a measure of the velocity shear, as a function of z, at the South Galactic Pole, and 2) a kinematic classification of Rodgers' metal-poor, main-sequence A stars. The second-epoch of the SPM is currently being completed with CCD observations, using the same 51-cm double astrograph at El Leoncito, Argentina that was employed in the first-epoch photography. The camera system is described and, as a test case, the CCD data are used to measure the absolute proper motion of the bulge globular cluster, NGC5927. The primary motivation of the SPM program is to provide fundamental data for kinematic studies of the various components of the Milky Way. Recent objective-prism surveys in the southern hemisphere have produced thousands of radial velocities and metallicity estimates for stars of the thick-disk and halo populations. In the near future, the RAVE-II survey will obtain similar information for tens of millions of stars. When combined with accurate proper motions from SPM, we will have the opportunity for unprecedented analysis of the kinematic and dynamical properties of the thick-disk and halo populations. This work has received partial support from NSF grants AST-0098508, AST-0098549, AST-0098548, and AST-0098687.

  12. Inter- and Intraspecific Variations of Bacterial Communities Associated with Marine Sponges from San Juan Island, Washington

    KAUST Repository

    Lee, O. O.

    2009-04-10

    This study attempted to assess whether conspecific or congeneric sponges around San Juan Island, Washington, harbor specific bacterial communities. We used a combination of culture-independent DNA fingerprinting techniques (terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis [DGGE]) and culture-dependent approaches. The results indicated that the bacterial communities in the water column consisted of more diverse bacterial ribotypes than and were drastically different from those associated with the sponges. High levels of similarity in sponge-associated bacterial communities were found only in Myxilla incrustans and Haliclona rufescens, while the bacterial communities in Halichondria panicea varied substantially among sites. Certain terminal restriction fragments or DGGE bands were consistently obtained for different individuals of M. incrustans and H. rufescens collected from different sites, suggesting that there are stable or even specific associations of certain bacteria in these two sponges. However, no specific bacterial associations were found for H. panicea or for any one sponge genus. Sequencing of nine DGGE bands resulted in recovery of seven sequences that best matched the sequences of uncultured Proteobacteria. Three of these sequences fell into the sponge-specific sequence clusters previously suggested. An uncultured alphaproteobacterium and a culturable Bacillus sp. were found exclusively in all M. incrustans sponges, while an uncultured gammaproteobacterium was unique to H. rufescens. In contrast, the cultivation approach indicated that sponges contained a large proportion of Firmicutes, especially Bacillus, and revealed large variations in the culturable bacterial communities associated with congeneric and conspecific sponges. This study revealed sponge species-specific but not genus- or site-specific associations between sponges and bacterial communities and emphasized the importance of using a combination of techniques for studying microbial communities.

  13. Tourism and climate conditions in San Juan, Puerto Rico, 2000-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo A. Méndez-Lázaro

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The general behavior of the tourism sector in Puerto Rico, with its marked seasonality, hints at a close relationship between tourism activities and climate conditions. Even if weather condition is only one of many variables considered by travelling tourists, climate conditions weigh heavily in the majority of the decisions. The effect of climate variability on the environment could be manifested in warmer temperature, heat waves, and changes in the frequency of extreme weather events, such as severe storms and hurricanes, floods, and sea level rise. These conditions affect different sectors of society, among them public health and the economy. Therefore, our research has two main objectives: to establish a tourism climate index (TCI for Puerto Rico and to analyze if occupancy rates in hotels correspond to local weather conditions. Even though there are many other variables that could have positive or negative effects on tourism activities, results showed a significant association between occupancy rate in Puerto Rico and climate indexes. According to both TCI and the mean historical climate for tourism indexes, the most favorable months for tourism in Puerto Rico were February and March (winter, whereas the worst season was the end of August and the beginning of September (summer-fall. Although winter represents dry conditions and lower temperatures in San Juan, it also represents the highest occupancy rate during the years examined. In summer and fall, data showed high occupancy rates, yet climate conditions were not suitable; these months also correspond to the hurricane season. During this season, high relative occupancy rates responded to internal and local tourism patterns. It can therefore be assumed that until the climate-tourism relationship is well characterized, there is little hope of fully understanding the potential economic effects, detrimental or beneficial, of global climate change, not only on tourism in Puerto Rico, but on other economic sectors as well.

  14. Biostratigraphic evidence for dramatic Holocene uplift of Robinson Crusoe Island, Juan Fernández Ridge, SE Pacific Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sepúlveda, P.; Le Roux, J. P.; Lara, L. E.; Orozco, G.; Astudillo, V.

    2015-03-01

    Hotspot oceanic islands typically experience subsidence due to several processes related to migration of the oceanic plate away from the mantle plume and surface flexural loading. However, many other processes can interrupt subsidence, some of which may be associated with catastrophic events. A study of the biostratigraphy and sedimentology of Holocene deposits on Robinson Crusoe Island (RCI) on the Juan Fernández Ridge (JFR) indicated that dramatic uplift has occurred since 8000 years BP, at a rate of about 8.5mm yr-1. This is evidenced by supratidal flats with tepee structures and sand layers containing marine gastropods (mostly Nerita sp.) that are now exposed ca. 70 m a.s.l. The active hotspot is located 280 km further west and the last volcanic activity on RCI occurred at ca. 800 000 years BP. Long-term subsidence is evidenced by deep submerged marine abrasion terraces at RCI. As no direct evidence was found for the existence of a compensating bulge generated by the present hotspot upon which RCI would be situated, it must be concluded that subsidence in the wake of the mantle plume beneath the migrating plate was interrupted by very rapid uplift, but on a scale that did not fully compensate for the previous subsidence. This can be attributed to large-scale landslides followed by isostatic rebound, although this is only vaguely reflected in the low-resolution bathymetry of the area. To determine if this mechanism produced the uplift, a detailed bathymetric survey of the area will be required. If such a survey confirms this hypothesis, it may have implications for the short-term dynamics of vertical variations of oceanic edifices and their related effects on ecosystems and human population.

  15. MALÓN, RACIÓN Y NACIÓN EN LAS PAMPAS: EL FACTOR JUAN MANUEL DE ROSAS (1820-1880)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rolf, Foerster; Julio, Vezub.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se profundiza el análisis antropológico e histórico de la política de racionar a los indígenas pampeanos y patagónicos con ganado y otros bienes, que los gobiernos del espacio rioplatense implementaron entre 1820 y 1880. Se indaga cómo los mapuches justificaron el sistema de [...] raciones, y sus efectos en las estructuras de poder y las relaciones interétnicas. Se discuten los antecedentes historiográficos que asociaron el malón con el tráfico ganadero hacia chile de manera lineal, para postular la centralidad de las raciones para la economía mapuche, concebidas como el pacto de gobernabilidad que habilitó los procesos formativos de los Estados provinciales y nacional en las pampas, a partir de Juan Manuel de Rosas. Esta hipótesis se sostendrá mediante la lectura de documentos escritos por los caciques, sus secretarios y las autoridades argentinas y chilenas durante el siglo XIX. Abstract in english The authors propose an anthropological and historical analysis of the policy of rationing cattle and different goods for the Pampas and Patagonian indigenous groups, implemented by the Argentinean governments between 1820 and 1880. This article explores how the Mapuche justified the rationing system [...] , and its effects on power structures and interethnic relationships. The authors also discuss the historiographic antecedents that assumed a linearly relationship between malón (Indian raids) and cattle trafficking towards Chile, in order to propose the relevance of the rations for the Mapuche economy, understanding them as the governing pact which made possible the formative processes of the provinces and the national states in the pampas since Rosas' period. Documents written by the caciques, their secretaries and the Argentine and Chilean authorities during the nineteenth century will support this hypothesis.

  16. Microbial diversity within basement fluids of the sediment-buried Juan de Fuca Ridge flank.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jungbluth, Sean P; Grote, Jana; Lin, Huei-Ting; Cowen, James P; Rappé, Michael S

    2013-01-01

    Despite its immense size, logistical and methodological constraints have largely limited microbiological investigations of the subseafloor basement biosphere. In this study, a unique sampling system was used to collect fluids from the subseafloor basaltic crust via a Circulation Obviation Retrofit Kit (CORK) observatory at Integrated Ocean Drilling Program borehole 1301A, located at a depth of 2667?m in the Pacific Ocean on the eastern flank of the Juan de Fuca Ridge. Here, a fluid delivery line directly accesses a 3.5 million years old basalt-hosted basement aquifer, overlaid by 262?m of sediment, which serves as a barrier to direct exchange with bottom seawater. At an average of 1.2 × 10(4) cells ml(-1), microorganisms in borehole fluids were nearly an order of magnitude less abundant than in surrounding bottom seawater. Ribosomal RNA genes were characterized from basement fluids, providing the first snapshots of microbial community structure using a high-integrity fluid delivery line. Interestingly, microbial communities retrieved from different CORKs (1026B and 1301A) nearly a decade apart shared major community members, consistent with hydrogeological connectivity. However, over three sampling years, the dominant gene clone lineage changed from relatives of Candidatus Desulforudis audaxviator within the bacterial phylum Firmicutes in 2008 to the Miscellaneous Crenarchaeotic Group in 2009 and a lineage within the JTB35 group of Gammaproteobacteria in 2010, and statistically significant variation in microbial community structure was observed. The enumeration of different phylogenetic groups of cells within borehole 1301A fluids supported our observation that the deep subsurface microbial community was temporally dynamic. PMID:22791235

  17. PARRALES, BRACEROS Y CEPAS DE CABEZA: EL ARTE DE CULTIVAR LA VIÑA EN MENDOZA Y SAN JUAN (1561-1869)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Pablo, Lacoste.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Los parrales, los braceros y las cepas de cabeza fueron las tres modalidades más utilizadas para el cultivo de la vid en Mendoza y San Juan, desde la fundación de la capital de la provincia de Cuyo del Reino de Chile por los conquistadores españoles (1561) hasta la modernización y el afrancesamiento [...] de la viticultura argentina, en la década de 1870. El tema es relevante porque Argentina es actualmente la mayor potencia vitivinícola de América Latina y la quinta del mundo. El trabajo se ha realizado a partir de fuentes originales de los archivos de las ciudades de Mendoza, San Juan y Santiago de Chile, con el procesamiento de más de 400 mil datos sobre viñas, parrales y cepas. En el estudio se detectó que el 97% de las cepas se cultivaban en viñas y el solo 3% en parrales encatrados. Dentro de las primeras, el cultivo de las tres cuartas partes se hacía mediante el sistema en vaso, gobelet o cepas de cabeza (como se llamaba en América), mientras que el cuarto restante era embracerado: los sarmientos se conducían con varillas de sauce y álamo. Por lo general, las variedades de uva negra se cultivaban en cepas de cabeza y los moscateles en bracero o parrales encatrados. Abstract in english Parrales, braceros and gobelet were the three most utilized methods to cultivate grapevines in Mendoza and San Juan, since the founding of the capital of Cuyo Province in Chile´s Reign. These methods prevailed from the Spanish conquest of the area, in 1561, until the impact of French-like methods in [...] Argentina’s vine-growing in the 1870s. This topic is relevant because Argentina is today the main wine producer in Latin America and the fifth largest producer in the world. This work has been prepared based on original sources from archives located in Mendoza, San Juan and Santiago, with the processing of more than 400,000 data regarding vineyards, vines and stocks of wine. This study demonstrates that 97 percent of the stocks of wine were cultivated in vineyards and only 3 percent by using parrales encatrados. Among the former, three fourths used the sistema de vaso, gobelet or cepas de cabeza, as it was called in America; The rest used an embracerado system, where vine shoots were led with willow and poplar sticks. In general, black grapes were cultivated with cepas de cabeza and muscatel wine using the bracero or parral encatrado system.

  18. CACTUS, a document management system to support the archaeological and historical research of San Juan, a plantation on Curaçao

    OpenAIRE

    Mom, Vincent; Vautier, Suzanne

    2008-01-01

    The CACTUS document management and analysis system was developed to aid the historical and archaeological research of San Juan, a plantation on Curaçao. The main task of the CACTUS system is providing access to more than 2000 digitized documents that belong to the “Letters and Papers” collection of the second Dutch West India Company roughly dating to the period 1700–1740. The advantage of the CACTUS system is that it is possible to query the documents on a very detailed level, as all ...

  19. Repetición y diferencia : Los modos de la invasión en Juan Diego Incardona y la literatura del peronismo clásico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germán Ledesma

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available En el marco de la producción literaria reciente que retoma la relación literatura y peronismo, leemos la narrativa de Juan Diego Incardona en clave intertextual con textos del período del peronismo clásico. Analizamos cómo se reactualiza el tópico de invasión propio de las décadas del cuarenta y cincuenta, que deriva en la explicitación de la violencia política, en el contexto de esta nueva literatura, en particular mediante la confrontación de las escenas referidas a lo sucedido durante el 19 y 20 de diciembre del 2001 con las descripciones del 17 de octubre de 1945 en los textos antiperonistas del período clásico

  20. Geochemical data from waters in Prospect Gulch, San Juan County, Colorado, that span pre- and post-Lark Mine remediation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Raymond H.; Yager, Douglas B.; Johnson, Hugh D.

    2011-01-01

    In San Juan County, Colorado, the effects of historical mining continue to contribute dissolved metals to groundwater and surface water. Water samples in Prospect Gulch near Silverton, Colorado, were collected at selected locations that span pre- and post-reclamation activities at the Lark Mine, located in the Prospect Gulch watershed. Geochemical results from those water samples are presented in this report. Water samples were analyzed for specific conductance, pH, temperature, and dissolved oxygen with handheld field meters, and metals were analyzed using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry.

  1. Contemporaneous trachyandesitic and calc-alkaline volcanism of the Huerto Andesite, San Juan Volcanic Field, Colorado, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parat, F.; Dungan, M.A.; Lipman, P.W.

    2005-01-01

    Locally, voluminous andesitic volcanism both preceded and followed large eruptions of silicic ash-flow tuff from many calderas in the San Juan volcanic field. The most voluminous post-collapse lava suite of the central San Juan caldera cluster is the 28 Ma Huerto Andesite, a diverse assemblage erupted from at least 5-6 volcanic centres that were active around the southern margins of the La Garita caldera shortly after eruption of the Fish Canyon Tuff. These andesitic centres are inferred, in part, to represent eruptions of magma that ponded and differentiated within the crust below the La Garita caldera, thereby providing the thermal energy necessary for rejuvenation and remobilization of the Fish Canyon magma body. The multiple Huerto eruptive centres produced two magmatic series that differ in phenocryst mineralogy (hydrous vs anhydrous assemblages), whole-rock major and trace element chemistry and isotopic compositions. Hornblende-bearing lavas from three volcanic centres located close to the southeastern margin of the La Garita caldera (Eagle Mountain - Fourmile Creek, West Fork of the San Juan River, Table Mountain) define a high-K calc-alkaline series (57-65 wt % SiO2) that is oxidized, hydrous and sulphur rich. Trachyandesitic lavas from widely separated centres at Baldy Mountain-Red Lake (western margin), Sugarloaf Mountain (southern margin) and Ribbon Mesa (20 km east of the La Garita caldera) are mutually indistinguishable (55-61 wt % SiO2); they are characterized by higher and more variable concentrations of alkalis and many incompatible trace elements (e.g. Zr, Nb, heavy rare earth elements), and they contain anhydrous phenocryst assemblages (including olivine). These mildly alkaline magmas were less water rich and oxidized than the hornblende-bearing calc-alkaline suite. The same distinctions characterize the voluminous precaldera andesitic lavas of the Conejos Formation, indicating that these contrasting suites are long-term manifestations of San Juan volcanism. The favoured model for their origin involves contrasting ascent paths and differentiation histories through crustal columns with different thermal and density gradients. Magmas ascending into the main focus of the La Garita caldera were impeded, and they evolved at greater depths, retaining more of their primary volatile load. This model is supported by systematic differences in isotopic compositions suggestive of crust-magma interactions with contrasting lithologies. ?? The Author 2005. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

  2. De mercader a vitivinicultor: Alianzas y herencia de un portugués en San Juan de la Frontera (1727-1820)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ana T, Fanchin.

    Full Text Available Una larga trayectoria vitivinícola ha sustentado la economía de la ciudad de San Juan desde tiempos coloniales. Las élites locales consolidaron sus fortunas sobre la base de esta actividad dominante, que en el transcurso del siglo XVIII promovió la diversificación y especialización de funciones entr [...] e viñateros, bodegueros y trasladistas. En este artículo, desde la perspectiva de la historia de la familia, en un sentido dinámico como es el que le confieren las redes de parentesco, se analiza la participación de sus miembros y el sistema de prácticas sucesorias a través de un caso particular como es el de Alvarez Cortiñas. En el lapso de una centuria es posible observar la articulación de los actores involucrados y los mecanismos de reproducción social, partición del patrimonio y los consiguientes desmembramientos de la explotación. El trabajo se apoya básicamente en testamentarias, escrituraciones de ventas de propiedades, capellanías e inventarios recopilados en la Sección Tribunales del Archivo General de la Provincia de San Juan y de la Corte de Justicia Abstract in english A long trajectory vitivinícola has sustained the economy of the San Juan city from colonial time. The local elites consolidated their fortunes on the base of this dominant activity that promoted the diversification and specialization of functions among viñateros, grocers and trasladistas in the cour [...] se of the XVIII century. In this article, from the perspective of the history of the family, in a dynamic sense as it is the one that confer him the relationship nets, it is analyzed the participation of their members and the system of practical successoral through a particular case as it is that of the Alvarez Cortiñas. In an a hundred year-old lapse it is possible to observe the articulation of the involved actors and the practices of social reproduction, partition of the patrimony and the consequent desmembramientos of the exploitation. The work leans on basically in probate, escrituraciones of sales of estates, haplaincies and inventories gathered in the Section Tribunals of the General Archive of San Juan's Province and of the Court of Justice

  3. Factors determining the choice of a place of delivery among pregnant women in Russia village of Jos North, Nigeria: achieving the MDGs 4 and 5

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Envuladu E.A

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In developing countries, specifically in sub-Saharan countries, many women do not have the good fortune to be attended to by skilled personnel during childbirth. This lack of skilled attendance could be considered as one of the major factors in maternal and infantile mortality. Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the determinants of a choice of a place of delivery among pregnant women in Russia village of Jos North Local Government Area of Plateau state, Nigeria. Methods: This study was a community-based cross-sectional study that was conducted among 140 pregnant women selected by simple random sampling Results: 104 (74.3% attended ANC, 84 (60% had their last delivery in the hospital, while 56 (40% had their last delivery at home. 85 (60.7% chose to deliver in the hospital, while 55 (39.3% opted for home delivery in the index pregnancy. Determinants of choice of delivery place include cost of hospital bill (93.6%, unfriendly attitude of health care workers (61.4%, unexpected labour (75%, distance to health care centres (36.4%, and failure to book for ANC (10.7%. 3.6% gave no reason. The older women (P=0.04, those who had no formal education and those with primary school education (P=0.02, house-wives, divorcees, widows, low-income earners, farmers and hawkers were the majority opting for home delivery (P<0.001. Religion and parity however had no significant association with the choice of a place of delivery. Conclusion: Female education, female empowerment, attitude of health care workers and distance of health facilities to the people in most communities are factors to be addressed in reducing child mortality rates and improving maternal health, thus achieving the millennium development goals (MDGs 4 and 5.

  4. / On the presence of a vagrant Juan Fernández fur seal (Arctocephalus philippii) in the Pacific coast of Colombia: a new extralimital record

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Isabel Cristina, Avila; Juan José, Alava; Carlos Andrés, Galvis Rizo.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available [...] Abstract in english We report the first record of a male Juan Fernández fur seal, Arctocephalus philippii (Peters, 1866), in the Colombian Pacific coast. The animal was mainly identified according to the external morphology of the head and snout. This observation is the first northernmost record for A. philippii in the [...] Southeastern Pacific, with an extreme movement covering a total distance of approximately 3700-4600 km from its normal geographic range, including the Juan Fernández Archipelago and Desventuradas Islands (San Félix and San Ambrosio), Chile. This finding indicates that vagrant individuals can reach new sites in the Northern Hemisphere and could have a broader geographical displacement than previously thought.

  5. Ecología térmica de la lagartija endémica Liolaemus eleodori (Iguania: Liolaemidae) en el Parque Nacional San Guillermo, San Juan, Argentina / Thermal ecology of the endemic lizard Liolaemus eleodori (Iguania: Liolaemidae) in National Park San Guillermo, San Juan, Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Héctor J., Villavicencio; Juan C., Acosta; Graciela M., Blanco; José A., Marinero.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available La ecología térmica de la lagartija endémica Liolaemus eleodori fue estudiada en el Parque Nacional San Guillermo, provincia de San Juan, Argentina. Los datos fueron colectados durante diciembre de 2004 y febrero de 2005. Se registró la temperatura cloacal (Tb), substrato (Ts) y aire (Ta), con un te [...] rmómetro de lectura rápida. Liolaemus eleodori presentó una estrategia termorregulatoria de tipo termoconformista con un patrón de actividad de tipo unimodal y uso preferencial del microhábitat suelo desnudo (desprovisto completamente de vegetación). Nuestros datos sugieren que la estrategia termorregulatoria, el uso del espacio y el tiempo están estrechamente relaciondos con las condiciones climáticas rigurosas del sitio de estudio. Abstract in english The thermal ecology of the endemic lizard Liolaemus eleodori was studied at the San Guillermo National Park, Province of San Juan, Argentina. Data were collected during December 2004 and February 2005. Cloacal (Tc), substrate (Ts) and air (Ta) temperatures were registered using a quick reading therm [...] ometer. Liolaemus eleodori exhibited a thermo-conformist thermoregulatory strategy with a unimodal pattern of activity, showing a marked preference for a naked ground microhabitat (completely free of vegetation). Our data suggest that the thermoregulatory strategy and use of space and time is strictly related to the harsh climatic conditions of the study site.

  6. Monteiro Lobato, Juan P. Ramos e o papel dos inquéritos folclóricos na formação cultural e política da nação / Monteiro Lobato, Juan P. Ramos and the Role Played by Folkloric Enquiries in the Cultural and Political Nation Building

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gabriela Pellegrino, Soares.

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo visa analisar as perspectivas e ações de dois intelectuais latino-americanos, nos anos 1910 e 1920, voltadas a questões do nacional e da “cultura popular”. Trata-se, por um lado, do escritor Monteiro Lobato, mentor do chamado “Inquérito do saci” realizado pelo jornal O Estado de S. Paulo [...] , em 1917, junto a seus leitores. Por outro, do argentino Juan P. Ramos, membro do Conselho Nacional de Educação durante o primeiro governo de Hipólito Yrigoyen (1916-1922), responsável pela realização, em 1921, da chamada “Encuesta Láinez”. Abstract in english This article aims at analyzing the perspectives and actions of two Latin American intellectuals, in the years 1910 and 1920, concerning issues of nation and “popular culture”. On one hand, it refers to the Brazilian writer Monteiro Lobato, who idealized the “Saci” Enquiry developed by the newspaper [...] O Estado de S. Paulo, in 1917, among its readers. On the other hand, to the Argentinean Juan P. Ramos, member of the National Council for Education during Hipólito Yrigoyen´s first government (1916-1922), and responsible for the so called “Encuesta Láinez” in 1921.

  7. Evidencias de la zona de contacto entre los terrenos de Precordillera y Pie de Palo, Provincias de San Juan y Mendoza / Evidence of the contact area between Precordillera and Pie de Palo terranes, Provinces of San Juan and Mendoza.

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maximiliano, García Torrejón; Orlando, Alvarez Pontoriero; Silvina, Nacif; Iván, Novara; Marcos, Sánchez; Silvana, Spagnoto; Patricia, Martinez; Mario, Gimenez.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio gravimétrico en la región norte de la cuenca Cuyana, entre las provincias de San Juan y Mendoza. Mediante relaciones de gradientes gravimétricos tales como señal analítica, Tilt y fase del Tilt, se observó un marcado gradiente, que fue interpretado como un cambio lateral de lit [...] ologías, que coincidiría con el área de una probable paleosutura del margen proto-andino, que separa en el terreno compuesto de Cuyania, al terreno de Precordillera con el terreno de Pie de Palo. Abstract in english We made the study in the northern Cuyo basin, between the provinces of San Juan and Mendoza. in the present work we show the results of gravimetric processing data from this basin and surrounding region. We applied anomaly-enhancement techniques such as analytic signal, tilt and phase of tilt. This [...] allowed the observation of a marked gradient, which was interpreted as a lateral variation in lithology, which would coincides with the area of paleosuture of the proto-Andean margin, which separates in the Cuyania composite terrane the Precordillera from the Pie de Palo terranes.

  8. Limpieza de sangre del doctor Juan de la Fuente, primer catedrático de medicina de la Real Universidad de México (1572) / Blood Cleansing of Doctor Juan de la Fuente, first professor of medicine at the Royal University of Mexico (1572)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gerardo, Martínez Hernández.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El doctor Juan de la Fuente, personaje bastante conocido y nombrado en la historia de la medicina en México; en 1578 ocupó la primera cátedra de medicina en la Real Universidad de México, pero se conocen muy pocas referencias documentales que permitan reconstruir su formación académica y las tendenc [...] ias que tuvo en el campo de la medicina. El documento que se presenta -la limpieza de sangre que le fue hecha en 1572, cuando se incorporó como médico a la Inquisición novohispana- es una apreciable aportación en este sentido y anexo a dicho documento se encuentra la lista de libros que trajo consigo. En ese inventario de textos, de 1562, se aprecian las influencias humanistas y clásicas que imperaban en el ambiente médico de la época. Abstract in english Dr. Juan de la Fuente, well known and named character in the history of medicine in Mexico; occupied in 1578 the first chair of medicine at the Royal University of Mexico. There are very few known documentary references to reconstruct his educational background and the tendencies he had in the field [...] of medicine. The present document -the blood cleansing that was made to him in 1572, when he became a doctor to the Inquisition in New Spain- is a significant contribution in this regard; attached to the document is an inventory of texts, drawn in 1562, that show the humanistic and classical influences prevailing in the medical environment of the time are evident.

  9. Evaluación ambiental del río San Juan de Santiago de Cuba por exposición bioacumulativa a metales pesados / Environmental evaluation of San Juan river in Santiago de Cuba due to bioaccumulative exposure to heavy metals

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    George, Argota Pérez; Humberto, Argota Coello.

    1207-12-01

    Full Text Available Se evaluó la salud ambiental del río San Juan de Santiago de Cuba, expuesto a metales pesados, mediante la utilización de la especie biorreguladora Gambusia punctata. Se analizaron 271 individuos adultos clasificados por sexo, para lo cual se escogieron los intervalos de clases de edades 2,1-3,0 y 3 [...] ,1-4,0 cm, según la longitud total, respectivamente. La mezcla ácida aplicada estuvo compuesta por ácido perclórico - ácido sulfúrico; (7:1) ácido nítrico para determinar los niveles bioacumulados en hígado, branquias y cerebro como órganos diana. Los metales analizados: cobre, zinc, plomo y cadmio, se cuantificaron mediante espectrometría por plasma inductivamente acoplado con vista axial. Se hallaron diferencias significativas (p Abstract in english The environmental health of San Juan river in Santiago de Cuba, exposed to heavy metals was evaluated by means of the bioregulatory species Gambusia punctata. Two hundred and seventy five adults were analyzed and classified by sex, for whom the intervals of age classes 2.1-3.0 and 3.1-4.0 cm were ch [...] osen, according to the total longitude, respectively. The applied acid mixture was composed by perchloric acid - sulphuric acid; (7:1) nitric acid to determine the bioaccumulated levels in liver, branchiae and brain as target organs. The analyzed metals: copper, zinc, lead and cadmium, were quantified by means of spectrometry by plasma inductively coupled with axial view. There were significant differences (p

  10. LA CUESTIÓN DE LA IDENTIDAD NACIONAL EN LAS NOTAS DE ARTE Y MILTÍN 1934, DE JUAN EMAR / The question of national identity in Notas de Arte and Miltín 1934, by Juan Emar

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ignacio, Álvarez.

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available La vanguardia literaria aporta aires cosmopolitas al campo cultural latinoamericano, pero en muchos escritores existe una aguda preocupación nacional bien coordinada con los horizontes mundiales. Este artículo muestra cómo Juan Emar, autor cosmopolita, interviene en el debate sobre el arte nacional [...] en Chile durante los años veinte y treinta: si hay una identidad nacional en la actividad artística, propone en sus Notas de Arte, ella aparece en la representación como proceso y no en sus meros objetos. La novela Miltín 1934 (1935) pondrá en juego este precepto mostrando la caducidad del pacto nacional decimonónico y la renuencia de su autor a formar parte de una nueva nacionalidad, colectiva y popular, que se construirá a lo largo del siglo XX. Abstract in english The literary avant-garde represents a cosmopolitan trend in Latin America, but in many writers there is also an important concern about national identity. This article shows how Juan Emar, a cosmopolitan Chilean author, takes part in the discussion about national art during the 1920’s and 1930’s. If [...] artistic activity carries a national identity, he proposes, in his Notas de Arte, it appears in representation as a process, not as an object. The novel Miltín 1934 (1935) will put into practice this rule by showing the lapse of 19th century national pact and the author’s reluctance to commit to a new nationality, collective and popular, that will be constructed throughout the 20th century.

  11. LA CUESTIÓN DE LA IDENTIDAD NACIONAL EN LAS NOTAS DE ARTE Y MILTÍN 1934, DE JUAN EMAR The question of national identity in Notas de Arte and Miltín 1934, by Juan Emar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacio Álvarez

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available La vanguardia literaria aporta aires cosmopolitas al campo cultural latinoamericano, pero en muchos escritores existe una aguda preocupación nacional bien coordinada con los horizontes mundiales. Este artículo muestra cómo Juan Emar, autor cosmopolita, interviene en el debate sobre el arte nacional en Chile durante los años veinte y treinta: si hay una identidad nacional en la actividad artística, propone en sus Notas de Arte, ella aparece en la representación como proceso y no en sus meros objetos. La novela Miltín 1934 (1935 pondrá en juego este precepto mostrando la caducidad del pacto nacional decimonónico y la renuencia de su autor a formar parte de una nueva nacionalidad, colectiva y popular, que se construirá a lo largo del siglo XX.The literary avant-garde represents a cosmopolitan trend in Latin America, but in many writers there is also an important concern about national identity. This article shows how Juan Emar, a cosmopolitan Chilean author, takes part in the discussion about national art during the 1920’s and 1930’s. If artistic activity carries a national identity, he proposes, in his Notas de Arte, it appears in representation as a process, not as an object. The novel Miltín 1934 (1935 will put into practice this rule by showing the lapse of 19th century national pact and the author’s reluctance to commit to a new nationality, collective and popular, that will be constructed throughout the 20th century.

  12. Trazos, conexiones, constelaciones: Diez de Juan Emar y Brígida o el olvido de Rosamel del Valle / Lines, connections, constellations: Diez by Juan Emar and Brígida o el olvido by Rosamel del Valle

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rodrigo, González Dinamarca.

    Full Text Available Este trabajo se propone analizar el motivo de la aparición de constelaciones -conexiones entre elementos que dan lugar a figuras- en la obra Diez de Juan Emar y Brígida o el olvido de Rosamel del Valle, en la medida que cumplen un papel decisivo en la búsqueda de una realidad otra. El primer element [...] o del análisis es la línea en la representación del destino humano y la conexión con la otra realidad. Posteriormente, se observa de qué forma se construyen figuras o constelaciones en las obras mencionadas, y cómo se relaciona con el sentido de búsqueda de una realidad otra. Abstract in english This paper analizes the topic of the appearance of constellations -connections between elements that generate figures- in the work Diez by Juan Emar and in Brígida o el olvido written by Rosamel del Valle, where these figures represent a decisive role in the search of another reality. The frst eleme [...] nt to be analized is the line in the representation of the human destiny and in the connection with another reality. After that, there is observed the form in that the figures or constellations are built in these works, and how it refers to the search of an alternative reality.

  13. Trazos, conexiones, constelaciones: Diez de Juan Emar y Brígida o el olvido de Rosamel del Valle Lines, connections, constellations: Diez by Juan Emar and Brígida o el olvido by Rosamel del Valle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo González Dinamarca

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo se propone analizar el motivo de la aparición de constelaciones -conexiones entre elementos que dan lugar a figuras- en la obra Diez de Juan Emar y Brígida o el olvido de Rosamel del Valle, en la medida que cumplen un papel decisivo en la búsqueda de una realidad otra. El primer elemento del análisis es la línea en la representación del destino humano y la conexión con la otra realidad. Posteriormente, se observa de qué forma se construyen figuras o constelaciones en las obras mencionadas, y cómo se relaciona con el sentido de búsqueda de una realidad otra.This paper analizes the topic of the appearance of constellations -connections between elements that generate figures- in the work Diez by Juan Emar and in Brígida o el olvido written by Rosamel del Valle, where these figures represent a decisive role in the search of another reality. The frst element to be analized is the line in the representation of the human destiny and in the connection with another reality. After that, there is observed the form in that the figures or constellations are built in these works, and how it refers to the search of an alternative reality.

  14. Regina y Juan Salva: primeras grabaciones de cantos mapuches en soporte cilindros de fonógrafo (1905 y 1907) / Regina and Juan Salva: First Recordings of the Mapuche Songs on Phonograph Cylinders (1905 and 1907)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Margarita, Canio Llanquinao; Gabriel, Pozo Menares.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Regina y Juan Salva fueron dos personas trasladadas a la ciudad de La Plata durante la denominada "Campaña del Desierto" (1878-1885). En ese contexto se registraron algunos cantos y diálogos en los antiguos cilindros de cera, responsabilidad del investigador Robert Lehmann-Nitsche. Hemos tomado dos [...] de esas grabaciones, transcribimos sus contenidos en mapudungun y los tradujimos al castellano, con el objetivo de difundir uno de los archivos históricos más importantes para la memoria oral mapuche y de la humanidad. Abstract in english Two Mapuche persons - Regina and Juan Salva - were captured during the so called "Campaña del Desierto" (the Desert Campaign) (1878-1885) in Argentina. They were taken to La Plata city where the scholar Robert Lehmann-Nitsche recorded on wax cylinder some of their songs and dialogs. Two of these rec [...] ordings are considered in this document. The texts in Mapudungun (the Mapuche language) were transcribed and then translated into Spanish. The purpose is to make widely known one of the most important sound archives of the history of the Mapuche people and mankind.

  15. Lo sublime y lo impensado en la apuesta vanguardista de Miltín 1934 de Juan Emar / The Sublime and the Unforeseen in Miltín 1934, an Avant-garde Novel by Juan Emar

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Malva Marina, Vásquez.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En Miltín 1934 de Juan Emar se despliegan dos concepciones de lo sublime. Un sublime hecho estereotipo, un arte para el buen burgués, inscrito dentro de una estética mimética de corte naturalista. Emar realiza una sátira de este tipo de arte y de la crítica de arte nacional que imperaba en la época. [...] Su apuesta vanguardista promueve una estética de lo sublime como negación del efecto referencial y apertura a lo impensado foucaultiano. Esta estética en Miltín 1934 se configura como la tentativa de una escritura imposible y un esbozo de una poética de lo fluídico-inusitado, propuesta que Emar desarrollará a cabalidad en su obra póstuma Umbral. Abstract in english In Miltín 1934 Juan Emar unfolds two conceptions of sublime, considering this concept as a stereotyped fact, an art for bourgeoisie consumption, kept within a mimetic and naturalistic aesthetics. Emar satirizes this type of art as well as the art-critique that was dominant in the country at the time [...] . His avant-garde proposal endorses an aesthetic of the sublime as a denial of the referential effect, which opens to Foucault's Unforeseen (yet-not-thought). The aesthetic of Miltín 1934 is an attempt of an impossible writing, and an outline for the aesthetics of a fluent unexpected poetic, proposal that Emar will fully develop in his posthumous work, Umbral.

  16. Estructura de la región Sierra de Guayaguas -Marayes, Provincia de San Juan y San Luis Structure of the region of Sierra de Guayaguas- Marayes, provinces of San Juan and San Luis

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    Carlos Gardini

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available El sector ubicado en las serranías del Desierto -serranías occidentales de San Juan y San Luis está caracterizado pordeformaciones tectónicas neógenas del tipo thick-skinned, que afectan a núcleosde basamento cristalino como así también las secuencias sedimentariascontinentales del Triásico y Cretácico, producto de inversión tectónica de losdepocentros. Como resultado de ésto se generan pliegues por propagación defalla asociados a una sucesión de corrimientos submeridianos de inclinaciónintermedia al este. Mediante el estudio y mapeo de las diferentes estructurasen el campo, se han definido diferentes tipos de movimientos a lo largo de lossegmentos de falla analizados, asociados con movimientos transcurrentes concaracterísticas transpresivas y localmente transtensivas.The area located in the Serranias del Desierto - SierrasOccidentales of San Juan and San Luis is characterized by Neogene tectonicdeformation of thick-skinned type that affected the nuclei of crystallinebasement and the Triassic and Cretaceous continental sedimentary sequences,product of inversion tectonics of those depocenters. Because of the inversiontectonics are generated fault propagation folds, associated with a submeridianparallel succession of thrusts with middle dipping to the east. Different directionsof displacements along the analyzed fault segments are defined based on thefield study and mapping of the differents structures associated withstrike-slip movement with transpressional and locally transtensionalcharacteristics.

  17. Individualización de pacientes con baja visión en el Centro Oftalmológico del Hospital General Docente "Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso" Individualization of low vision patients in "Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso" Teaching General Hospital Ophthalmologic Center

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    Sonia Rafaela Fernández Pérez

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Se efectuó un estudio descriptivo y transversal de 73 pacientes con baja visión, que asistieron a la consulta del Centro Oftalmológico del Hospital General Docente "Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso" de Santiago de Cuba, desde julio hasta diciembre del 2009, a fin de describir algunas características clínicas y demográficas. La degeneración macular asociada a la edad primó en más de 25,0 % de los integrantes de la casuística, seguida por el glaucoma crónico simple y la miopía degenerativa y, según lugar de procedencia, los pertenecientes al municipio de Santiago de Cuba representaron 73,0 % del total. Se logró rehabilitar a 89,0 % de los pacientes examinados y tratados.A descriptive and cross sectional study of 73 patients with low vision who visited the Ophthalmologic Center at "Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso" Teaching General Hospital in Santiago de Cuba was carried out from July to December 2009 in order to describe some clinical and demographic characteristics. Macular degeneration associated with age prevailed in more than the 25,0% of the case material, followed by simple chronic glaucoma and degenerative myopia and, according to origin place, those belonging to Santiago de Cuba municipality represented 73,0% of the total. It was possible to rehabilitate the 89,0% of the examined and treated patients.

  18. Juan Gassiot y su plan para poblar Arizpe: Un caso de proyectismo en Sonora / Juan Gassiot and his plan to increase population in Arizpe: A case of projectism in Sonora

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Edgar O., Gutiérrez.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza un proyecto que tuvo la intención de atraer nuevos pobladores a la recién nombrada capital de la Comandancia General de las Provincias Internas. Su autor fue Juan Gassiot, funcionario de dicha Comandancia, y es un buen pretexto para acercarnos al ambiente político e intelectual [...] del siglo XVIII en el que se dio el enriquecimiento de un particular género de literatura política y económica y de crítica a situaciones particulares o generales de gobierno, así como de sus respectivas propuestas de solución. Este género literario se ha ganado el nombre de "proyectismo", especialmente entre los historiadores españoles y mexicanos. Abstract in english This work analyzes a project that had the intention to attract new residents for the recently appointed capital of the Comandancia General of the Internal Provinces of New Spain. Its author was Juan Gassiot, officer of the mentioned Comandancia. This as a pretext to come closer to the intellectual a [...] nd political atmosphere of XVIII century that motivated the enrichment of a particular gender of economic and political literature that criticized general or particular situations of the government and of their respective solutions proposals. This literary gender has been called "projectism", especially between Spaniard and Mexican historians.

  19. Individualización de pacientes con baja visión en el Centro Oftalmológico del Hospital General Docente "Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso" / Individualization of low vision patients in "Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso" Teaching General Hospital Ophthalmologic Center

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sonia Rafaela, Fernández Pérez; José Arturo, de Dios Lorente; Mirelvis, Leyet Romero; Carmen, Castillo Vázquez; Eudosia, Roncourt Colás.

    2122-21-01

    Full Text Available Se efectuó un estudio descriptivo y transversal de 73 pacientes con baja visión, que asistieron a la consulta del Centro Oftalmológico del Hospital General Docente "Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso" de Santiago de Cuba, desde julio hasta diciembre del 2009, a fin de describir algunas características clí [...] nicas y demográficas. La degeneración macular asociada a la edad primó en más de 25,0 % de los integrantes de la casuística, seguida por el glaucoma crónico simple y la miopía degenerativa y, según lugar de procedencia, los pertenecientes al municipio de Santiago de Cuba representaron 73,0 % del total. Se logró rehabilitar a 89,0 % de los pacientes examinados y tratados. Abstract in english A descriptive and cross sectional study of 73 patients with low vision who visited the Ophthalmologic Center at "Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso" Teaching General Hospital in Santiago de Cuba was carried out from July to December 2009 in order to describe some clinical and demographic characteristics. [...] Macular degeneration associated with age prevailed in more than the 25,0% of the case material, followed by simple chronic glaucoma and degenerative myopia and, according to origin place, those belonging to Santiago de Cuba municipality represented 73,0% of the total. It was possible to rehabilitate the 89,0% of the examined and treated patients.

  20. LA MEMORIA COMO FICCIÓN: UNA ESTÉTICA DE LA HISTORIA EN JUAN JOSÉ SAER Y GERMÁN ESPINOSA / Memory as Fiction: An Aesthetic of History in Juan José Saer and Germán Espinosa

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    Orlando, Araújo Fontalvo.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo ofrece una aproximación al papel de la historia en los proyectos narrativos de Juan José Saer y Germán Espinosa. Para el caso del primer autor, se plantea un análisis crítico de la novela El entenado, debido a su particular naturaleza metaficcional, así como de algunos de los textos re [...] cogidos en su libro de ensayos El concepto de ficción (1997). En lo que respecta a Germán Espinosa, el paralelo será establecido primordialmente a partir de su ensayística, sin olvidar, desde luego, las oportunas reflexiones que sobre la historia y la literatura aparecen contenidas en un notable acervo de entrevistas y en su extenso libro de memorias. Abstract in english This article offers an approach to the role of history in the narrative projects of Juan José Saer and Germán Espinosa. In the case of the first author, this article poses a critical analysis of the novel The Step Brother, given its particular metafictional nature, as well as some of the texts compi [...] led in his book of essays The Concept of Fiction (1997). With regard to Germán Espinosa, a parallel will be drawn primarily with his essays, without forgetting, of course, the proper reflections upon history and literature that appear in his remarkable body of extensive interviews and memoirs.

  1. Estructura de la región Sierra de Guayaguas -Marayes, Provincia de San Juan y San Luis / Structure of the region of Sierra de Guayaguas- Marayes, provinces of San Juan and San Luis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carlos, Gardini; David, Rivarola; Maximiliano, Agüera; Gerónimo, Candela.

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available El sector ubicado en las serranías del Desierto -serranías occidentales de San Juan y San Luis está caracterizado pordeformaciones tectónicas neógenas del tipo thick-skinned, que afectan a núcleosde basamento cristalino como así también las secuencias sedimentariascontinentales del Triásico y Cretác [...] ico, producto de inversión tectónica de losdepocentros. Como resultado de ésto se generan pliegues por propagación defalla asociados a una sucesión de corrimientos submeridianos de inclinaciónintermedia al este. Mediante el estudio y mapeo de las diferentes estructurasen el campo, se han definido diferentes tipos de movimientos a lo largo de lossegmentos de falla analizados, asociados con movimientos transcurrentes concaracterísticas transpresivas y localmente transtensivas. Abstract in english The area located in the Serranias del Desierto - SierrasOccidentales of San Juan and San Luis is characterized by Neogene tectonicdeformation of thick-skinned type that affected the nuclei of crystallinebasement and the Triassic and Cretaceous continental sedimentary sequences,product of inversion t [...] ectonics of those depocenters. Because of the inversiontectonics are generated fault propagation folds, associated with a submeridianparallel succession of thrusts with middle dipping to the east. Different directionsof displacements along the analyzed fault segments are defined based on thefield study and mapping of the differents structures associated withstrike-slip movement with transpressional and locally transtensionalcharacteristics.

  2. Hacia una poética de las hagiografías novohispanas. El caso de la "vida" de Catarina de San Juan de Alonso Ramos / Towards a poetics of new spain hagiographies. The case of the "life" of Catarina de San Juan by Alonso Ramos

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    Robin Ann, Rice.

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Pese a la prohibición de publicar o importar literatura imaginativa a la Nueva España, miembros de la élite de la Compañía de Jesús produjeron hagiografías con todas las características de una novela híbrida: parte épica y parte picaresca. Por esto, este trabajo propone que las hagiografías constitu [...] yen las primeras novelas novohispanas. Por medio del análisis de la hagiografía más voluminosa escrita en el siglo XVII, la vida de Catarina de San Juan de Alonso Ramos, esta investigación pretende formular una poética hagiográfica compuesta por técnicas extraídas de la épica y la novela picaresca que narran la vida del protagonista. Abstract in english Even though the publication and importation of imaginative literature was prohibited in New Spain, high- ranking clergy from the Company of Jesus produced hagiographies with all of the characteristics of a hybrid novel: part epic, part picaresque. For that reason, this work proposes that the hagiogr [...] aphies constitute the first, New Spain novels. By analyzing the most voluminous hagiography written in the seventeenth century, the life of Catarina de San Juan by Alonso Ramos, the research aims to formulize a hagiographic poetics made up of techniques from the epic and the picaresque novel to narrate the life of the protagonist.

  3. Juan Pablo Izquierdo Fernández: Premio Nacional de Artes Musicales 2012. Perfil de su quehacer en Chile / Juan Pablo Izquierdo-Fernández Winner of the 2012 National Art Prize in Music: a Profile of his Activity in Chile

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carmen, Peña Fuenzalida.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Esta comunicación presenta un perfil de la actividad desarrollada por Juan Pablo Izquierdo (1935) como director de orquesta en Chile. En el contexto de su permanencia en tres épocas -décadas del 60, 80 y a partir de 2008- se revisan selectivamente repertorios que le ha correspondido conducir y sus v [...] ínculos musicales con orquestas nacionales, especialmente la Orquesta Sinfónica de Chile, la Orquesta Filarmónica de Santiago y la Orquesta de Cámara de Chile, junto con recuperar comentarios de la crítica. Abstract in english This article presents a profile of the activity of Juan Pablo Izquierdo (1935) as an orchestral conductor in Chile considering three periods. The first two periods correspond with the decades of the 1960s and 1980's whereas the third period starts in the year 2008. A sample of the musical repertoire [...] that he has conducted in Chile is analyzed along with his musical ties with national orchestras, in particular the Orquesta Sinfónica de Chile, the Orquesta Filarmónica de Santiago and the Orquesta de Cámara de Chile. Published reviews of his concerts in Chile are considered as part of the analysis.

  4. Enfoque bioético del inicio y fin de la vida en 2 obras plásticas de Juan Emilio Hernández Giro Bioethical approach of the beginning and end of life in 2 plastic pieces of Juan Emilio Hernández Giro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Elena Guerra Felíu

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Tomando como punto de partida la obra del artista santiaguero Juan Emilio Hernández Giro y, en específico, el inicio y fin de la vida expresados mediante la pintura, surgió la motivación para efectuar este artículo, en el cual se caracterizan el tratamiento de ambos momentos trascendentales del ser humano en 2 de las obras del citado autor -- conservadas como patrimonio en el Museo Provincial Emilio Bacardí Moreau de Santiago de Cuba -- y la forma en que se reflejan a través de la luz y el color, los estados de alegría y dolor, además de otros elementos que esta exposición del arte aporta como producto comunicativo.From the work of Juan Emilio Hernández Giro, an artist belonging to Santiago, specifically, the beginning and end of life expressed by means of painting, the motivation to make this investigation arose, in which the treatment of both extraordinary moments of the human being in 2 of the mentioned author's works are characterized --which are preserved as heritage in "Emilio Bacardí Moreau" Provincial Museum in Santiago de Cuba--and the way in which, the states of happiness and pain are reflected through light and color, besides other elements that this art exhibition gives as a communicative product.

  5. Enfoque bioético del inicio y fin de la vida en 2 obras plásticas de Juan Emilio Hernández Giro / Bioethical approach of the beginning and end of life in 2 plastic pieces of Juan Emilio Hernández Giro

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    María Elena, Guerra Felíu; Ismael, Sarmientos Ramírez; Carlos Felipe, Domínguez Eljaiek.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Tomando como punto de partida la obra del artista santiaguero Juan Emilio Hernández Giro y, en específico, el inicio y fin de la vida expresados mediante la pintura, surgió la motivación para efectuar este artículo, en el cual se caracterizan el tratamiento de ambos momentos trascendentales del ser [...] humano en 2 de las obras del citado autor -- conservadas como patrimonio en el Museo Provincial Emilio Bacardí Moreau de Santiago de Cuba -- y la forma en que se reflejan a través de la luz y el color, los estados de alegría y dolor, además de otros elementos que esta exposición del arte aporta como producto comunicativo. Abstract in english From the work of Juan Emilio Hernández Giro, an artist belonging to Santiago, specifically, the beginning and end of life expressed by means of painting, the motivation to make this investigation arose, in which the treatment of both extraordinary moments of the human being in 2 of the mentioned aut [...] hor's works are characterized --which are preserved as heritage in "Emilio Bacardí Moreau" Provincial Museum in Santiago de Cuba--and the way in which, the states of happiness and pain are reflected through light and color, besides other elements that this art exhibition gives as a communicative product.

  6. El caso de Juan, el niño triqui: una experiencia de formación docente en educación intercultural / The Case of Juan, the Triqui Boy: A Teacher Training Experience in Intercultural Education

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Verónica, Vázquez-Zentella; Teresa Verónica, Pérez García; Frida, Díaz Barriga Arceo.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available El caso de Juan, el niño triqui es un caso electrónico de enseñanza (e-caso) que ofrece una narrativa digital donde se plantea la problemática de discriminación y exclusión de alumnos provenientes de contextos culturales diversos y la falta de preparación de los docentes para afrontar la educación i [...] ntercultural en el aula. Se presenta la sistematización de la experiencia educativa conducente a la validación de este caso con estudiantes normalistas de educación preescolar y se discuten las principales actividades de enseñanza-aprendizaje enfocadas al análisis y reflexión sobre la inclusión educativa en el marco de la interculturalidad, así como algunas de las concepciones y soluciones al caso propuestas por las futuras docentes. Abstract in english The Case of Juan, the Triqui Boy is an e-case that offers a digital narrative of the problems of discrimination and the exclusion of students from diverse cultural contexts, along with the lack of teacher preparation for addressing intercultural education in the classroom. Presented is the systemati [...] zation of the educational experience that leads to the validation of this case with normal school students who are preparing to be preschool teachers. The discussion centers on the teaching and learning activities involving analysis and reflection on educational inclusion in the framework of interculturality, as well as the conceptions and case solutions proposed by these future teachers.

  7. Entrevista al Dr. Juan Marconi, Creador de la Psiquiatría Intracomunitaria: Reflexiones Acerca de su Legado Para la Psicología Comunitaria Chilena / Interview With Dr. Juan Marconi, Intracommunity Psychiatry Program Creator: Reflections About his Legacy for Chilean Psychology Community

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Susana, Mendive.

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo pretende rescatar el programa Psiquiatría Intracomunitaria desarrollado durante 1968 y 1973 en Santiago de Chile. Este programa fue un modelo de intervención con participación de la comunidad en alcoholismo, neurosis y privación sensorial. Una figura central en el diseño e implem [...] entación del mismo fue el psiquiatra Juan Marconi. Con la finalidad de rescatar aspectos no conocidos y reflexiones del programa es que este artículo se centra en el testimonio de quien encabezó esta iniciativa. Adicionalmente, considerando la dimensión histórica que adopta la publicación de este testimonio para la psicología comunitaria, en la segunda parte se incluye la percepción de dos destacados psicólogos comunitarios chilenos respecto a la contribución del programa a la disciplina, en su etapa de nacimiento. Abstract in english The present article has the pretence of rescuing the Intracommunity Psychiatry program developed between 1968 and 1973 in Santiago de Chile. This program became a model of interventions based on community participation in alcoholism, neurosis and sensorial deprivation situations. A central figure in [...] its design and implementation was the psychiatrist Juan Marconi. With the aim of rescuing unknown topics and reflections based on this program, the present article focuses on the testimony of the person that lead this initiative. Additionally, considering the historical dimension that the publication of this testimony has for community psychology, the second part of this article includes the perception of two well known community psychologists about the contribution of this program to the discipline, in its initial phase.

  8. Un tema conflictivo: la propuesta de Juan Canals para la construcción de tabladas, mataderos y mercados de abasto, Rosario, 1889 / A Conflictive Issue: Juan Canals' Proposal for the Construction of Slaughterhouses and Wholesale Markets, Rosario, 1889

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Romina, Garcilazo.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se analiza el accionar de un empresario constructor, Juan Canals, en la ciudad de Rosario, durante la segunda mitad del siglo XIX. Para ello se estudian los proyectos que presentó a la municipalidad para la construcción de mataderos y mercados de abasto, en el año 1889. Se presta es [...] pecial atención a las estrategias económicas y relaciónales que utilizó dicho empresario, en este sentido, se analizan sus vínculos políticos y cómo esta propuesta se relacionó con el resto de sus negocios. Creemos que el principal aporte de este trabajo es contribuir al conocimiento del empresariado de la construcción que ha sido poco explorado por la historiografía argentina. Abstract in english This article analyzes the behavior of a construction executive Juan Canals, in the city of Rosario during the second half of the 19th century. It studies the projects he submitted to the municipality for the construction of slaughterhouses and wholesale markets in 1889. Particular attention is paid [...] to the economic and relational strategies used by this executive. The author analyzes his political links and the way this proposal is related to the rest of his business. The importance of this article lies in its contribution to the knowledge of construction executives which has rarely been explored by Argentinean historiography.

  9. Don Juan de Palafox y Mendoza, promotor del libre acceso a la información en el siglo XVII novo-hispano / Don Juan de Palafox y Mendoza promoter of free access to information in the eighteenth century in New Spain

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rosa María, Fernández de Zamora.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Don Juan de Palafox y Mendoza, arzobispo y virrey de la Nueva España y obispo de Puebla en el siglo XVII, ha sido motivo de numerosos estudios, pero lo que se desea resaltar en este escrito es su labor como fundador de la primera biblioteca pública de México y del continente americano, misma que hoy [...] conocemos como Biblioteca Palafoxiana, y como promotor del libre acceso a la información. En el siglo XVIII, el obispo de Puebla, Francisco Fabián y Fuero, seguidor de las ideas de Palafox, enriqueció y embelleció la biblioteca y continuó con el espíritu de apertura propuesto por el fundador. También se menciona el reconocimiento que el ilustre jesuita Clavijero hizo de las obras de Palafox. Abstract in english Don Juan de Palafox y Mendoza, Viceroy and Archbishop of New Spain, and Bishop of Puebla in the XVII century, has been studied by many specialists. However, the purpose of this paper is to highlight his role as founder of the first public library in Mexico and in the American Continent and promoter [...] of free acces to information. In the XVIII Century Francisco Fabián y Fuero, Bishop of Puebla, enriched and embellished the Palafoxiana library and continued the policies of its founder. Attention is also drawn to the recognition that the renowned Jesuit Clavijero made of the work of Palafox.

  10. El método de la caxa entera de Juan Bautista de Herrera (1628: una visión peculiar de la partida doble? = The caxa entera method of Juan Bautista de Herrera (1628: A particular overview of double-entry bookkeeping?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Julián Hernández Borreguero

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Juan Bautista de Herrera fue contador del Cabildo Catedral de Sevilla a principios del siglo XVII. En uno de esos libros realiza una introducción en la que explica la utilidad del método de la partida doble, así como los argumentos de cómo debía implantarse el nuevo método. El estudio de dichos argumentos se ha realizado tomando como referencia el primer tratado de contabilidad español escrito por Bartolomé Salvador de Solórzano (1590 dado que este recoge las características y esencia de la partida doble castellana en ese período. A continuación comienza el registro de hechos contables sin recurrir a un libro diario.Juan Bautista de Herrera was an accountant of the Cathedral Council of Sevilla at the beginning of 17th century. In one of these books Herrera made an introduction explaining the usefulness of the double-entry bookkeeping method and argued how to implement it. The aim of this paper is to analyse his arguments using Bartolome Salvador de Solorzano´s approach. Solorzano wrote the first Spanish accounting treatise in 1590, where he compiled the characteristics and essence of Spanish double-entry bookkeeping in this period. Herrera recorded in this book without using a daybook.

  11. Evidencias de la zona de contacto entre los terrenos de Precordillera y Pie de Palo, Provincias de San Juan y Mendoza Evidence of the contact area between Precordillera and Pie de Palo terranes, Provinces of San Juan and Mendoza.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maximiliano García Torrejón

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio gravimétrico en la región norte de la cuenca Cuyana, entre las provincias de San Juan y Mendoza. Mediante relaciones de gradientes gravimétricos tales como señal analítica, Tilt y fase del Tilt, se observó un marcado gradiente, que fue interpretado como un cambio lateral de litologías, que coincidiría con el área de una probable paleosutura del margen proto-andino, que separa en el terreno compuesto de Cuyania, al terreno de Precordillera con el terreno de Pie de Palo.We made the study in the northern Cuyo basin, between the provinces of San Juan and Mendoza. in the present work we show the results of gravimetric processing data from this basin and surrounding region. We applied anomaly-enhancement techniques such as analytic signal, tilt and phase of tilt. This allowed the observation of a marked gradient, which was interpreted as a lateral variation in lithology, which would coincides with the area of paleosuture of the proto-Andean margin, which separates in the Cuyania composite terrane the Precordillera from the Pie de Palo terranes.

  12. Eventualidad y movilización de la mano de obra en el contexto de la restructuración de la agricultura de la provincia de San Juan / Labor contingency and mobilization in the context of agrarian restructuring at the province of San Juan

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Guillermo, Neiman; Germán, Quaranta.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo da cuenta de las condiciones y dinámicas de los mercados de trabajo agrícola transitorio de la provincia de San Juan, considerando las transformaciones socio-productivas acontecidas desde la última década del siglo pasado. Se analizan las formas de contratación, las modalidades de inte [...] rmediación laboral y los ciclos anuales de ocupación de los trabajadores transitorios. Las nuevas condiciones productivas modifican el trabajo agrícola como consecuencia de las estrategias desplegadas por las empresas del sector que flexibilizan las condiciones de empleo y, aunque en menor grado, por efecto de los comportamientos de los propios trabajadores. Abstract in english This article is about the new conditions and dynamics of agricultural labour markets in the province of San Juan taking into consideration the socio-productive transformations that have taken place since the lastdecade of the XXth. century. The forms of labour recruitment, the role of labour interme [...] diaries and temporary workers' annual occupational cycles, are among the main dimensions investigated. The new productive conditions have changed labour markets as a result of the strategies implemented by companies in the sector that made hiring conditions more flexible and, though to a lesser degree, it has also been due to workers' behaviour.

  13. Comportamiento clínico epidemiológico de los traumatismos dentales en escuelas urbanas de San Juan y Martínez Clinical epidemiological behavior of dental traumas in the urban schools of San Juan y Martinez municipality

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    Eneida Malagón Mesa

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: los traumatismos bucodentales son lesiones que se producen en los dientes, hueso y demás tejidos de sostén, como consecuencia de un impacto físico contra estos; la conservación de los tejidos dentarios constituye el objetivo primordial en este caso. Objetivo: caracterizar el comportamiento clínico y epidemiológico de los traumatismos dentarios en escuelas urbanas. Material y método: se realizó una investigación descriptiva y transversal en las escuelas urbanas del municipio de San Juan y Martínez durante el año 2010, el universo estuvo constituido por 1772 pacientes, cuyas edades estaban comprendidas entre 7 y 14 años, se seleccionó una muestra de 82 alumnos portadores de trauma dental, utilizando un muestreo no probabilístico opinático. Se examinaron la totalidad de los niños y a los afectados por trauma se les aplicó un cuestionario valorando diferentes parámetros. Resultados: de acuerdo a las edades estudiadas (de 7 a 14 años se pudo constatar que de 1772 pacientes examinados, se reportaron 82 con uno o más traumas dentales, representando el 4,63 %, siendo más frecuentes en las edades de 10 y 14 años con un 7,26 y 5,42 % respectivamente. Por otra parte, el sexo masculino estuvo afectado en un 61 %, con 50 pacientes, predominando sobre el femenino que aportó 32 casos para el 39 %. Los varones de 10 y 14 años sufrieron la mayor cantidad de traumas con 13 y 11 respectivamente. Conclusiones: el comportamiento clínico-epidemiológico de los traumatismos dentales en escuelas urbanas de San Juan y Martínez en Pinar del Río se caracteriza por manifestarse con mayor frecuencia en las edades entre 10 y 14 años, con predominio del sexo masculino, por presentar la fractura no complicada de corona y la infracción como los traumas más frecuentes, así como el perfil propenso (vestibuloversión, la incompetencia bilabial y la práctica de deporte los factores más predisponentes.Introduction: dental traumas are injuries generated in teeth, bone and the other support tissues as a consequence of a physical impact; the preservation of dental tissues constitutes the main objective of this case. Objective: to characterize clinical-epidemiological behavior of dental traumas in urban schools in San Juan y Martinez municipality. Material and method: a descriptive and cross-sectional research was conducted in the urban schools of San Juan y Martinez municipality during 2010; the target group was comprised of 1772 patients, ages from 7 to 14 and the sample of 82 students with dental traumas was also included, using a non-probabilistic sampling of opinions. The totally of children were examined and a questionnaire was applied to those affected by trauma, assessing different parameters. Results: considering the ages in study (from 7 up to 14 years old, out of the 1772 patients examined, 82 were reported having one or more dental traumas (4,63%, ages between 10-14 represented 7,26% and 5,42% respectively. On the other hand, male was the most affected sex (61% with 50 patients, female sex only added 32 cases (39%. Male patients from 10-14 years old showed the major figures of traumas with 13 and 11 respectively. Conclusions: clinical-epidemiological behavior of dental traumas in the urban schools of San Juan y Martinez municipality, Pinar del Rio prevailed among 10 and 14 year-old male patients, non complicated fractures of the crown and the infraction were the most frequent traumas, as well as vestibuloversion, bilabial incompetence and the practice of sports as the most predisposing factors.

  14. Comportamiento clínico epidemiológico de los traumatismos dentales en escuelas urbanas de San Juan y Martínez / Clinical epidemiological behavior of dental traumas in the urban schools of San Juan y Martinez municipality

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Eneida, Malagón Mesa; María Nancy, Vento Tejera; Miriam Isabel, Gómez Muñiz; Clara Zeyda, Díaz Llana.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: los traumatismos bucodentales son lesiones que se producen en los dientes, hueso y demás tejidos de sostén, como consecuencia de un impacto físico contra estos; la conservación de los tejidos dentarios constituye el objetivo primordial en este caso. Objetivo: caracterizar el comportami [...] ento clínico y epidemiológico de los traumatismos dentarios en escuelas urbanas. Material y método: se realizó una investigación descriptiva y transversal en las escuelas urbanas del municipio de San Juan y Martínez durante el año 2010, el universo estuvo constituido por 1772 pacientes, cuyas edades estaban comprendidas entre 7 y 14 años, se seleccionó una muestra de 82 alumnos portadores de trauma dental, utilizando un muestreo no probabilístico opinático. Se examinaron la totalidad de los niños y a los afectados por trauma se les aplicó un cuestionario valorando diferentes parámetros. Resultados: de acuerdo a las edades estudiadas (de 7 a 14 años) se pudo constatar que de 1772 pacientes examinados, se reportaron 82 con uno o más traumas dentales, representando el 4,63 %, siendo más frecuentes en las edades de 10 y 14 años con un 7,26 y 5,42 % respectivamente. Por otra parte, el sexo masculino estuvo afectado en un 61 %, con 50 pacientes, predominando sobre el femenino que aportó 32 casos para el 39 %. Los varones de 10 y 14 años sufrieron la mayor cantidad de traumas con 13 y 11 respectivamente. Conclusiones: el comportamiento clínico-epidemiológico de los traumatismos dentales en escuelas urbanas de San Juan y Martínez en Pinar del Río se caracteriza por manifestarse con mayor frecuencia en las edades entre 10 y 14 años, con predominio del sexo masculino, por presentar la fractura no complicada de corona y la infracción como los traumas más frecuentes, así como el perfil propenso (vestibuloversión), la incompetencia bilabial y la práctica de deporte los factores más predisponentes. Abstract in english Introduction: dental traumas are injuries generated in teeth, bone and the other support tissues as a consequence of a physical impact; the preservation of dental tissues constitutes the main objective of this case. Objective: to characterize clinical-epidemiological behavior of dental traumas in ur [...] ban schools in San Juan y Martinez municipality. Material and method: a descriptive and cross-sectional research was conducted in the urban schools of San Juan y Martinez municipality during 2010; the target group was comprised of 1772 patients, ages from 7 to 14 and the sample of 82 students with dental traumas was also included, using a non-probabilistic sampling of opinions. The totally of children were examined and a questionnaire was applied to those affected by trauma, assessing different parameters. Results: considering the ages in study (from 7 up to 14 years old), out of the 1772 patients examined, 82 were reported having one or more dental traumas (4,63%), ages between 10-14 represented 7,26% and 5,42% respectively. On the other hand, male was the most affected sex (61%) with 50 patients, female sex only added 32 cases (39%). Male patients from 10-14 years old showed the major figures of traumas with 13 and 11 respectively. Conclusions: clinical-epidemiological behavior of dental traumas in the urban schools of San Juan y Martinez municipality, Pinar del Rio prevailed among 10 and 14 year-old male patients, non complicated fractures of the crown and the infraction were the most frequent traumas, as well as vestibuloversion, bilabial incompetence and the practice of sports as the most predisposing factors.

  15. La infraestructura para la elaboración de caldos: bodegas y lagares en San Juan de la frontera. (S. XVII-XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana María Rivera Medina

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo intentaremos reconstruir una parte del paisaje industrial que genera la vitivinicultura en el periodo colonial. Al cultivo de las vides se suma la producción de vinos y aguardientes, elaboración que tenía lugar en bodegas con características peculiares y con lagares sencillos, realizados con materiales de la tierra. Así pues, a partir de la información obtenida en los fondos documentales de la Provincia de San Juan, compararemos métodos y utensilios de elaboración (ad-hoc con las prácticas realizadas en el ámbito peninsular, a fin de demostrar que, a pesar de presentar una continuidad en la tradición vitivinícola, se producen claras diferencias entre uno y otro ámbitoThe present article will try to reconstruct a part of the industrial landscape that generates the viticulture and viniculture in the colonial period. To the cultivation of the vines it sinks the production of wines and liquors, elaboration that was carried out in wine cellars with peculiar characteristics and with simple presses, using local materials. Therefore, starting from the information obtained in the documental funds of San Juan's County, we will compare methods and elaboration utensils (ad-hoc with the practices developed in the peninsular environment, in order to demonstrate that, in spite of presenting a continuity in the vine and wine tradition, clear differences take place between one and another environment

  16. Completion reports, core logs, and hydrogeologic data from wells and piezometers in Prospect Gulch, San Juan County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Raymond H.; Yager, Douglas B.

    2006-01-01

    In the late nineteenth century, San Juan County, Colorado, was the center of a metal mining boom in the San Juan Mountains. Although most mining activity ceased by the 1990s, the effects of historical mining continue to contribute metals to ground water and surface water. Previous research by the U.S. Geological Survey identified ground-water discharge as a significant pathway for the loading of metals to surface water from both acid-mine drainage and acid-rock drainage. In an effort to understand the ground-water flow system in the upper Animas River watershed, Prospect Gulch was selected for further study because of the amount of previous data provided in and around that particular watershed. In support of this ground-water research effort, wells and piezometers were installed to allow for coring during installation, subsurface hydrologic testing, and the monitoring of ground-water hydraulic heads and geochemistry. This report summarizes the data that were collected during and after the installation of these wells and piezometers and includes (1) subsurface completion details, (2) locations and elevations, (3) geologic logs and elemental data, (4) slug test data for the estimation of subsurface hydraulic conductives, and (5) hydraulic head data.

  17. CULTURA ORGANIZACIONAL DEL SISTEMA EMPRESARIAL DE LA COMUNIDAD INDÍGENA DE NUEVO SAN JUAN PARANGARICUTIRO: UN MANEJO SUSTENTABLE FORESTAL

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    Emma Gonz\\u00E1lez Carmona

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN Hoy, es de vital importaocia considerar los ejemplos exitosos que manejan de manera sustentable los recursos naturales, y la Comunidad Indígena Nuevo San Juan Parangaricutlro, objeto de estudio, es un ejemplo nacional e internacional de esta práctica de aprovechamiento del recurso forestal y sus derivados, asl como de los recursos que se relacionan con éste, por ejemplo el paisaje, el agus y los frutales, entre otros. Entonces, la pregunta que deriva este trabajo es ¿Cómo la cultura organizacional al interior del sistema productivo empresarial influye en las formas de manejo del recurso forestal y en el reconocimiento a escala nacional e internacional? Por ello, como objetivo a desarrollar es: mostrar la relación entre las variables de la cultura organizacional del sistema de empresas de la comunidad indígena de Nuevo San Juan Parangaricutlro, Michoacán y las formas de manejo forestal a través del análisis situacional, para lo cual se aplica un instrumento que rescata la cultura organizacional en el liderazgo, estructura orgánica funcional, comunicación, profesionalización, vinculación, formalización, innovación y tecnología.

  18. El testamento de Juan Moliner (†1403: un físico al servicio de la monarquía navarra durante la Baja Edad Media

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    Serrano Larráyoz, Fernando

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This work is an approach to the life and socioeconomic context of Juan Moliner (doctor of kings Carlos II and Carlos III of Navarre, based on the study of his testament. The document provides enlightening information about this figure, quite unknown despite being one of the most important Christian doctors at the service of Carlos III ‘El Noble’. In addition, his last will has a religious and spiritual dimension that allows to have an overall perspective on the mentality and lifestyle of this historical character.

    A través del testamento de Juan Moliner, médico de los reyes Carlos II y Carlos III de Navarra, el presente estudio pretende acercarse a su persona, familia, ámbito social y nivel socioeconómico en el que desarrolla su vida. Los datos que aporta dicho documento arrojan algo de luz sobre su ciclo vital, hasta el momento bastante desconocido, pese a ser uno de los más importantes médicos cristianos que atendieron a Carlos III ‘el Noble’. A todo esto hay que añadir la dimensión espiritual y religiosa de sus últimas voluntades, que vienen a completar la mentalidad y el modo de vida de este personaje.

  19. Geology and coal-bed methane resources of the northern San Juan Basin, Colorado and New Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This guidebook is the first of its kind: A focused look at coal-bed methane in a large Rocky Mountain Laramide basin. The papers in this volume cover every aspect of coal-bed methane in the San Juan Basin, including: The geology, environments of deposition, and geometry of the coal beds that contain the resource; the origin and migration history of the gas; basin-wide resource estimates; the engineering aspects of getting the gas out of the ground; the marketing and economics of producing coal-bed methane in the San Juan Basin; the legal ownership of the gas; state regulations governing well spacing and field rules; disposal of produced water; and land and mineral ownership patterns in the northern part of the basin. Also included are detailed papers on all of the major coal-bed methane fields in the basin, and in a paper on the history of Fruitland gas production, a discussion of most of the not-so-major fields. A small section of the book deals with geophysical methods, as yet still experimental, for surface detection of underground hydrocarbon resources. Individual papers have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base

  20. Llamados a servir: los hospitalarios de San Juan de Dios en Zacatecas, México en el siglo XVII

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    González Fasani, Ana Mónica

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Consolidated the Order of San Juan of God in Spain, their religious soon were required to pass to American lands. With the purpose of lifting hospitals they arrived to beginnings of the XVII century and they were organized in three counties: one that would embrace the viceroyalty of New Spain and of overseas, the other one the viceroyalty of the Peru and a third, the denominated Mainland. To four years of having installed in Mexico, they were requested in the populous and rich mining city call Our Mrs. of the Zacatecas.Consolidada la Orden de San Juan de Dios en España, sus religiosos pronto fueron requeridos para pasar a tierras americanas. Con el fin de levantar hospitales llegaron a inicios del siglo XVII y se organizaron en tres provincias: una que abarcaría el virreinato de Nueva España y de ultramar, la otra el virreinato del Perú y una tercera, la denominada Tierra Firme. A cuatro años de instalados en México, fueron solicitados en la populosa y rica ciudad minera llamada Nuestra Señora de los Zacatecas.

  1. Juan de Caramuel y su “Declaración mystica de las armas de España” (Bruselas, 1636

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mínguez, Víctor

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1636, coinciding with a decisive moment in the Thirty Year’s War, Juan de Caramuel y Lobkowitz published in Brussels the Declaración Mystica de las Armas de España, invictamente belicosas (Mystical Declaration of the Arms of Spain, invincibly warlike, dedicated to the Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria. This publication was in fact a symbolic and mystical eulogium of the arms of the Hispanic Monarchy, through the explanation of each of the coats of arms pertaining to the kingdoms constituting the monarchy. These discourses provide emblematic content for the heraldry of kingdoms, and constitute the models for many subsequent series of festive hieroglyphs, which were to represent political territories or geographical allegories by means of symbolically explained coats of arms.

    Coincidiendo con un momento álgido de la Guerra de los Treinta Años, Juan de Caramuel y Lobkowitz publica en Bruselas en 1636 la Declaración Mystica de las Armas de España, invictamente belicosas, dedicada al Cardenal Infante Don Fernando de Austria. Se trata de una apología místico simbólica de las armas de la monarquía hispánica a través de la explicación de cada uno de los escudos de los reinos que componen la monarquía. Sus discursos dotan de contenido emblemático a los blasones de reinos y establecen las pautas de muchas series de jeroglíficos festivos posteriores que representarán territorios políticos o alegorías por medios de escudos explicados simbólicamente.

  2. Analysis of Upper Air, Ground and Remote Sensing Data for the ATLAS Field Campaign in San Juan, Puerto Rico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, Jorge E.; Luvall, Jeff; Rickman, Douglas; Comarazamy, Daniel; Picon, Ana J.

    2005-01-01

    The Atlas San Juan Mission was conducted in February 2004 with the main objectives of observing the Urban Heat Island of San Juan, providing high resolution data of the land use for El Yunque Rain Forest and for calibrating remote sensors. The mission was coordinated with NASA staff members at Marsha& Stennis, Goddard, and Glenn. The Airborne Thermal and Land Applications Sensor (ATLAS) from NASA/Stennis, that operates in the visual and IR bands, was used as the main sensor and was flown over Puerto Rico in a Lear 23 jet plane. To support the data gathering effort by the ATLAS sensor, remote sensing observations and upper air soundings were conducted along with the deployment of a number of ground based weather stations and temperature sensors. This presentation focuses in the analysis of this complementary data for the Atlas San Juan Mission. Upper air data show that during the days of the mission the Caribbean mid and high atmospheres were relatively dry and highly stable reflecting positive surface lifted index, a necessary condition to conduct this suborbital campaign. Surface wind patterns at levels below 850mb were dominated by the easterly trades, while the jet stream at the edge of the troposphere dominated the westerly wind at levels above 500mb. The jet stream remained at high latitudes reducing the possibility of fronts. In consequence, only 8.4 mm of precipitation were reported during the entire mission. Observation of soundings located about 150 km apart reflected minimum variations of the boundary layer across the Island for levels below 850 meters and a uniform atmosphere for higher levels. The weather stations and the temperature sensors were placed at strategic locations to observe variations across the urban and rural landscapes. Time series plot of the stations' data show that heavily urbanized commercial areas have higher air temperatures than urban and suburban residential areas, and much higher temperatures than rural areas. Temperature differences [dT(U-R)] were obtained by subtracting the values of several stations h m a reference urban station, located m the commercial area of San Juan. These time series show that the UHI peaks during the morning between 10:00am and noon to an average of 4.5 C, a temporal pattern not previously observed in similar studies for continental cities. It is also observed a high variability of the UHI with the precipitation patterns even for short events. These results may be a reflection of a large land use density by low level buildings with an apparent absence of significant heat storage effects in the urban areas, and the importance of the surrounding soil and vegetation moisture in controlling the urban tropical climate. The ATLAS data was used to determine albedo and surface temperature patterns on a 10m scale for the study area. These data were used to calibrate the spatial distribution of the surface temperature when using remote sensing images from MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectradiometer). Surface temperatures were estimated using the land surface temperature product MODII-L2 distributed by the Land Process Distributed Active Archive Center(LP DAAC). These results show the maximum, minimum and average temperatures in San Juan and in the entire Island at a resolution of 1 km. The information retrieved from MODIS for land surface temperatures reflected similar temporal and spatial variations as the weather stations and ATLAS measurements with a highest absolute offset of about 5 C due to the differences between surface and air temperatures.

  3. El aptaycachana de Juan de Castromonte - Un manual sacramental quechua para la sierra central del Perú (ca. 1650

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available LE APTAYCACHANA DE JUAN DE CASTROMONTE - UN MANUEL DE SACREMENTS QUECHUA POUR LA SIERRA CENTRALE DU PÉROU (CA. 1650. Cet article présente une édition critique du Aptaycachana de Juan de Castromonte, un manuel de sacrements quechua écrit au milieu du XVIIème siècle pour être utilisé dans les paroisses indiennes de la Sierra centrale du Pérou (actuels départements de Junín, Pasco, Huánuco, Ancash et Lima. Bien que l?Église péruvienne ait imposé une langue franche sur une base cuzquénienne dès le IIIème Concile de Lima de 1583, il existe de nombreux éléments lexicaux, morphologiques et phonétiques du quechua central dans le Aptaycachana plus que dans n?importe quel texte colonial. Le manuel de Castromonte représente donc une source importante pour la linguistique historique du quechua et pour l?étude des pratiques de traduction de l?Église dans les Andes coloniales. Cette édition, qui consiste en une transcription paléographique et une traduction espagnole anotées, est précédée d?une étude préliminaire qui explique le contexte historique immédiat du Aptaycachana et propose une discussion des traits les plus marquants. Este artículo presenta una edición crítica del Aptaycachana de Juan de Castromonte, un manual sacramental quechua escrito a mediados del siglo XVII para ser usado en las parroquias indígenas de la sierra central del Perú (actuales departamentos de Junín, Pasco, Huánuco, Ancash y Lima. A pesar de que la Iglesia peruana había impuesto una lingua franca pastoral de base cuzqueña desde el III Concilio Limense de 1583, hay abundantes elementos léxicos, morfológicos y fonológicos del quechua central en el Aptaycachana, más que en cualquier otro texto colonial. El manual de Castromonte es así una fuente importante para la lingüística histórica del quechua y para el estudio de las prácticas de traducción de la iglesia en los Andes coloniales. Esta edición, que consiste en una transcripción paleográfica y traducción castellana anotadas, es precedida por un estudio preliminar que explica los contextos históricos inmediatos del Aptaycachana y discute algunos de sus rasgos más destacables. JUAN DE CASTROMONTE'S APTAYCACHANA - A QUECHUA SACRAMENTAL MANUAL FOR THE CENTRAL PERUVIAN HIGHLANDS (CA. 1650. This article presents a critical edition of Juan de Castromonte's Aptaycachana, a Quechua sacramental manual written in the mid 17th century to be used in the Indian parishes of the central Peruvian highlands (present-day departments of Junín, Pasco, Huánuco, Ancash and Lima. Even though the Peruvian Church had imposed a pastoral lingua franca based on Cuzco Quechua since the Third Lima Council of 1583, there are abundant Central Quechua lexical, morphological and phonological elements in the Aptaycachana - more so than in any other colonial text. Castromonte?s manual is thus an important source for Quechua historical linguistics and for the study of the translation practices of the Church in the colonial Andes. This edition, which consists of an annotated paleographic transcription and Spanish translation, is preceeded by a preliminary study which explains the immediate historical contexts of the Aptaycachana and discusses some of its main features.

  4. Biogenic iron oxyhydroxide formation at mid-ocean ridge hydrothermal vents: Juan de Fuca Ridge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toner, Brandy M.; Santelli, Cara M.; Marcus, Matthew A.; Wirth, Richard; Chan, Clara S.; McCollom, Thomas; Bach, Wolfgang; Edwards, Katrina J.

    2009-01-01

    Here we examine Fe speciation within Fe-encrusted biofilms formed during 2-month seafloor incubations of sulfide mineral assemblages at the Main Endeavor Segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge. The biofilms were distributed heterogeneously across the surface of the incubated sulfide and composed primarily of particles with a twisted stalk morphology resembling those produced by some aerobic Fe-oxidizing microorganisms. Our objectives were to determine the form of biofilm-associated Fe, and identify the sulfide minerals associated with microbial growth. We used micro-focused synchrotron-radiation X-ray fluorescence mapping (?XRF), X-ray absorption spectroscopy (??XAFS), and X-ray diffraction (?XRD) in conjunction with focused ion beam (FIB) sectioning, and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). The chemical and mineralogical composition of an Fe-encrusted biofilm was queried at different spatial scales, and the spatial relationship between primary sulfide and secondary oxyhydroxide minerals was resolved. The Fe-encrusted biofilms formed preferentially at pyrrhotite-rich (Fe 1-xS, 0 ? x ? 0.2) regions of the incubated chimney sulfide. At the nanometer spatial scale, particles within the biofilm exhibiting lattice fringing and diffraction patterns consistent with 2-line ferrihydrite were identified infrequently. At the micron spatial scale, Fe ?EXAFS spectroscopy and ?XRD measurements indicate that the dominant form of biofilm Fe is a short-range ordered Fe oxyhydroxide characterized by pervasive edge-sharing Fe-O 6 octahedral linkages. Double corner-sharing Fe-O 6 linkages, which are common to Fe oxyhydroxide mineral structures of 2-line ferrihydrite, 6-line ferrihydrite, and goethite, were not detected in the biogenic iron oxyhydroxide (BIO). The suspended development of the BIO mineral structure is consistent with Fe(III) hydrolysis and polymerization in the presence of high concentrations of Fe-complexing ligands. We hypothesize that microbiologically produced Fe-complexing ligands may play critical roles in both the delivery of Fe(II) to oxidases, and the limited Fe(III) oxyhydroxide crystallinity observed within the biofilm. Our research provides insight into the structure and formation of naturally occurring, microbiologically produced Fe oxyhydroxide minerals in the deep-sea. We describe the initiation of microbial seafloor weathering, and the morphological and mineralogical signals that result from that process. Our observations provide a starting point from which progressively older and more extensively weathered seafloor sulfide minerals may be examined, with the ultimate goal of improved interpretation of ancient microbial processes and associated biological signatures.

  5. Caracterización geoquímica de las rocas pertenecientes al Complejo Igneo Gualcamayo, Precordillera de San Juan

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    María C, D´Annunzio; Nora, Rubinstein.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available El Complejo Ígneo Gualcamayo comprende un conjunto de intrusivos y diques de composición riodacítica a andesítica que se encuentra en el área del distrito minero homónimo, ubicado en la Precordillera Central sanjuanina, sobre el segmento de subducción subhorizontal de los Andes Centrales (28º a 33º [...] S). Sus características de yacencia, composición modal y litogeoquímica complementadas con edades radimétricas existentes indican que son producto de un pulso magmático que tuvo lugar en el Mioceno superior (~9 Ma). El mismo corresponde a un magmatismo de arco emplazado en una corteza de espesor normal en transición a una de espesor intermedio (~45 km). Asociado a este evento se reconoce importante actividad hidrotermal que dio origen principalmente a alteración potásica (feldespato potásico-cuarzo-biotita-magnetita) y, en forma subordinada, propilítica la cual podría ser producto de un sistema tipo pórfiro. El carácter oxidante de este magmatismo sugiere que podría tener un potencial mineralizante para la generación de depósitos de tipo cobre porfírico. Por otra parte afloran en el área filones capa andesíticos cuyas características geoquímicas indican que habrían sido formados por un magmatismo de arco emplazado en una corteza de espesor normal (~30 km). Estas rocas por su yacencia y petrografía, podrían correlacionarse con la facies andesítica del Grupo del Áspero, de edad miocena inferior (17-18 Ma). Abstract in english The Gualcamayo Igneous Complex is formed by intrusives and dykes of riodacitic to andesitic composition, located in Gualcamayo Mining District, Central Precordillera of San Juan province, in the flat-slab segment of the Central Andes (28- 33 ºS). Field data, petrographic studies and geochemical anal [...] yses together with preexisting radiometric ages indicate that they are the product of a Late Miocene (~9 Ma) magmatic stage occurred in an arc tectonic setting with a normal to intermediate thickness crust (~45 km). Linked to this magmatic stage there is an important hydrothermal activity that produced mainly potassic (potassium feldspar-quartz-biotite-magnetite) and subordinate propylitic alteration probably produced by a porphyry copper system. The oxidizing character of this magmatism suggests mineralizing potential for generating porphyry copper type deposits. Moreover andesitic sills formed in a tectonic setting with a normal crust (~30 km). Field data and petrographic studies allow correlating these andesites with the andesitic facies of the Lower Miocene (17-18 Ma) del Aspero Group.

  6. Multichannel seismic imaging along the Vance and Cleft segments of the southern Juan de Fuca Ridge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canales, J.; Detrick, R. S.; Carbotte, S.; Kent, G.; Harding, A.; Diebold, J.; Nedimovic, M.

    2002-12-01

    We use new multichannel seismic data to constrain accretionary processes and the structure of young oceanic crust formed along the intermediate-spreading southern Juan de Fuca Ridge (JdFR). The data was collected in summer 2002 on board the R/V Maurice Ewing (EW0207) in a series of axis-parallel profiles running between south of Axial volcano and the Blanco fracture zone, and cross-axis profiles up to 600-k.y.-old crust. Preliminary stacks of common-mid-point gathers collected along the axis of this portion of the ridge show a prominent mid-crustal reflector interpreted as the top of an axial magma chamber (AMC). The AMC is present along most of the length of both Vance and Cleft segments, at depths of ~1.0-1.2 s two-way-travel time (TWTT) (~2.3-2.8 km) below the seafloor along the Vance segment, and at ~0.9 s sub-seafloor TWTT (~2 km) along the Cleft segment including the Cleft Observatory site. The AMC was also observed in the cross-axis profiles at similar depths as a narrow reflector flanked by diffraction hyperbolae. This preliminary interpretation suggests that magma is present within the crust and that the potential for volcanic eruptions exists along most of the southern JdFR. The Cleft and Vance segments are both underlain by an AMC which is deeper than that observed at fast-spreading ridges, but continuous along similar distances. Seismic layer 2A along the both segments varies in thickness between 0.3 and 0.5 s TWTT (~400-600 m). While along the Vance segment layer 2A does not appear to thicken off-axis, we observe a systematic thickening from ~400 m on-axis to ~600 m few kilometers off-axis at the center and southern sections of Cleft, where the ridge morphology is more inflated. These observations support the hypothesis that layer 2A thickening with age is primarily controlled by the off-axis emplacement of lava flows driven by topographic gradients. Reflections from the Moho were also observed in most of the preliminary stacks along off-axis profiles. The Moho appears as a weak, discontinuous low-frequency reflection at depths of 2.1-2.3 s sub-seafloor TWTT, which typically indicates crustal thicknesses of ~6.3-6.9 km. Future analysis of the complete dataset will improve our knowledge of crustal construction and the relationships between tectonic, volcanic, and hydrothermal events along intermediate-spreading ridges.

  7. Biogenic iron oxyhydroxide formation at mid-ocean ridge hydrothermal vents: Juan de Fuca Ridge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Toner, Brandy M.; Santelli, Cara M.; Marcus, Matthew A.; Wirth, Richard; Chan, Clara S.; McCollom, Thomas; Bach, Wolfgang; Edwards, Katrina J.

    2008-05-22

    Here we examine Fe speciation within Fe-encrusted biofilms formed during 2-month seafloor incubations of sulfide mineral assemblages at the Main Endeavor Segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge. The biofilms were distributed heterogeneously across the surface of the incubated sulfide and composed primarily of particles with a twisted stalk morphology resembling those produced by some aerobic Fe-oxidizing microorganisms. Our objectives were to determine the form of biofilm-associated Fe, and identify the sulfide minerals associated with microbial growth. We used micro-focused synchrotron-radiation X-ray fluorescence mapping (mu XRF), X-ray absorption spectroscopy (mu EXAFS), and X-ray diffraction (mu XRD) in conjunction with focused ion beam (FIB) sectioning, and highresolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). The chemical and mineralogical composition of an Fe-encrusted biofilm was queried at different spatial scales, and the spatial relationship between primary sulfide and secondary oxyhydroxide minerals was resolved. The Fe-encrusted biofilms formed preferentially at pyrrhotite-rich (Fe1-xS, 0<_ x<_ 0.2) regions of the incubated chimney sulfide. At the nanometer spatial scale, particles within the biofilm exhibiting lattice fringing and diffraction patterns consistent with 2-line ferrihydrite were identified infrequently. At the micron spatial scale, Fe mu EXAFS spectroscopy and mu XRD measurements indicate that the dominant form of biofilm Fe is a short-range ordered Fe oxyhydroxide characterized by pervasive edge-sharing Fe-O6 octahedral linkages. Double corner-sharing Fe-O6 linkages, which are common to Fe oxyhydroxide mineral structures of 2-line ferrihydrite, 6-line ferrihydrite, and goethite, were not detected in the biogenic iron oxyhydroxide (BIO). The suspended development of the BIO mineral structure is consistent with Fe(III) hydrolysis and polymerization in the presence of high concentrations of Fe-complexing ligands. We hypothesize that microbiologically produced Fe-complexing ligands may play critical roles in both the delivery of Fe(II) to oxidases, and the limited Fe(III) oxyhydroxide crystallinity observed within the biofilm. Our research provides insight into the structure and formation of naturally occurring, microbiologically produced Fe oxyhydroxide minerals in the deep-sea. We describe the initiation of microbial seafloor weathering, and the morphological and mineralogical signals that result from that process. Our observations provide a starting point from which progressively older and more extensively weathered seafloor sulfide minerals may be examined, with the ultimate goal of improved interpretation of ancient microbial processes and associated biological signatures.

  8. High-Resolution Imaging of Axial Volcano, Juan de Fuca ridge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnulf, A. F.; Harding, A. J.; Kent, G. M.

    2014-12-01

    To date, seismic experiments have been key in our understanding of the internal structure of volcanic systems. However, most experiments, especially subaerial-based, are often restricted to refraction geometries with limited numbers of sources and receivers, and employ smoothing constraints required by tomographic inversions that produce smoothed and blurry images with spatial resolutions well below the length scale of important features that define these magmatic systems. Taking advantage of the high density of sources and receivers from multichannel seismic (MCS) data should, in principle, allow detailed images of velocity and reflectivity to be recovered. Unfortunately, the depth of mid-ocean ridges has the detrimental effect of concealing critical velocity information behind the seafloor reflection, preventing first arrival travel-time tomographic approaches from imaging the shallowest and most heterogeneous part of the crust. To overcome the limitations of the acquisition geometry, here we are using an innovative multistep approach. We combine a synthetic ocean bottom experiment (SOBE), 3-D traveltime tomography, 2D elastic full waveform and a reverse time migration (RTM) formalism, and present one of the most detailed imagery to date of a massive and complex magmatic system beneath Axial seamount, an active submarine volcano that lies at the intersection of the Juan de Fuca ridge and the Cobb-Eickelberg seamount chain. We present high-resolution images along 12 seismic lines that span the volcano. We refine the extent/volume of the main crustal magma reservoir that lies beneath the central caldera. We investigate the extent, volume and physical state of a secondary magma body present to the southwest and study its connections with the main magma reservoir. Additionally, we present a 3D tomographic model of the entire volcano that reveals a subsiding caldera floor that provides a near perfect trap for the ponding of lava flows, supporting a "trapdoor" mechanism for caldera formation. Finally, we show that crustal aging (increase in layer 2A velocity with age) is controlled by pipe-like pattern of focused hydrothermal mineralization.

  9. Estela Restrepo Zea. El Hospital San Juan de Dios 1635-1895: una historia de la enfermedad, pobreza y muerte en Bogotá

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Angélica Ospina Martínez

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available [...] Este libro de Estela Restrepo Zea, producto de su tesis doctoral, es una obra que traza, con gran minucia y rigurosidad,el devenir del Hospital San Juan de Dios en Bogotá, desde su creación, en el siglo XVII, hasta finales del siglo XIX. [...

  10. LAS ANDANZAS DE JUAN RAFAEL ALLENDE POR LA CIUDAD DE LOS ‘PALACIOS MARMÓREOS’ Y LAS CAZUELAS DELEITOSAS. SANTIAGO DE CHILE, 1880-1910

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Palma Alvarado

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN. El artículo presenta un capítulo de la historia social y urbana de Santiago de Chile, en un período durante el cual la ciudad asistió a profundos cambios que modificaron el viejo trazado colonial y las relaciones sociales entre sus habitantes. Por medio de la aguda pluma del escritor satírico Juan Rafael Allende, descubrimos las insuficiencias del proceso de urbanización, los nuevos personajes que se dieron cita en las calles y plazas, y las variadas diversiones que animaban la vida cotidiana de los capitalinos. Palabras clave: Santiago de Chile, Juan Rafael Allende, prensa satírica, historia urbana ABSTRACT. This article deals with a chapter of the social and urban history of Santiago de Chile, throughout a period in which the city was subject of deep changes that modified its colonial setting and long lasting social relationships. Following the sharpness of the satiric writer Juan Rafael Allende, we look to the insuficiencies of the urbanizing process, the new characters ocupying the city’s squares and streets, as well as the multiple entertainments animating the everyday life of its inhabitants. Key words: Santiago de Chile, Juan Rafael Allende, satiric press, urban history

  11. Primer reporte de parasitismo de una garrapata blanda del género Ornithodoros (Ixodida: Argasidae sobre Rhinella arenarum (Anura: Bufonidae en el departamento de Valle Fértil, San Juan, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Acosta, Juan Carlos

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de la presente comunicación es reportar por primera vez un caso de parasitismo en Rhinella arenarum y a la vez mencionar el primer registro del género Ornithodoros en el departamento de Valle Fértil, San Juan, Argentina. Siendo el primer registro de parasitismo de anfibios por Ornithodoros en la Argentina y el segundo para el neotrópico.

  12. First description of the micro-habitat selection pattern of the island endemic Juan Fernandez Tit-tyrant / Primera descripción del patrón de selección de micro-hábitat del Cachudito de Juan Fernández

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gerardo E, Soto; Pablo M, Vergara; Ingo J, Hahn; Christian G, Pérez-Hernández; Marlene E, Lizama; Julia, Baumeister; Jaime, Pizarro.

    Full Text Available Para las aves que son endémicas de islas oceánicas el nivel de especialización en el uso del hábitat puede ser un factor importante de considerar en el incremento del riesgo de extinción de estas especies. En este estudio, usamos datos de redes de niebla y radiotelemetría para determinar el patrón d [...] e uso de micro-hábitat por el Cachudito de Juan Fernández (Anairetes fernandezianus), una especie de ave endémica del archipiélago de Juan Fernández (Chile). El individuo seguido por radiotelemetría estableció su ámbito de hogar exclusivamente en áreas centrales del bosque nativo residual. Los modelos regresivos de abundancia y las Funciones de Utilización de Recursos mostraron fuertes preferencias de micro-hábitat por los cachuditos. Los valores de abundancia y utilización de recurso por los cachuditos decrecieron con la distancia al matorral exótico y aumentaron con la distancia a los claros hechos por humanos dentro bosque. La heterogeneidad natural en las condiciones del micro-hábitat también afectan el patrón de selección de micro-hábitat, con probabilidades de uso y abundancia aumentando en las proximidades de lugares húmedos dominados por Gunnera peltata. Estos hallazgos demuestran que los cachuditos no usan el bosque nativo al azar. Por lo tanto, la conservación de esta población de cachuditos, que ha experimentado una fuerte declinación en las ultimas décadas, puede ser mejorada incorporando estas preferencias de micro-hábitat en los programas de manejo. Abstract in english The level of specialization of endemic island birds to their native habitats could contribute importantly to increase their extinction risk. We used abundance obtained from mist-netting and radio telemetry data from one individual to determine the micro-habitat use pattern of Juan Fernandez Tit-tyra [...] nts (Anairetes fernandezianus) within native forest. The tracked male tit-tyrant established its home range exclusively in core native forest areas. Regression models of abundance and Resource Utilization Functions showed strong micro-habitat preferences of tit-tyrants. The abundance and utilization probabilities of tit-tyrants declined with distance to exotic shrub and increased with distance to human created gaps. Natural heterogeneity in micro-habitat conditions also affected the micro-habitat selection pattern, with use probabilities and abundance increasing with proximity to the humid sites dominated by Gunnera peltata. These findings demonstrate that tit-tyrants do not use native forest sites at random. Therefore, the conservation and recovery of the declining tit-tyrant population could be improved by incorporating such micro-habitat preferences in habitat management programs.

  13. Don Juan de Austria, un héroe del barroco temprano, en la cultura histórica del siglo xx

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Sánchez-Marcos

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article, nous présentons les résultats d’un travail en cours : une étude de cas sur la culture historique populaire européenne au xxe siècle. Il est centré sur le héros de Lépante, Don Juan de Austria (1547-1578. à travers différents médias, surtout des biographies destinées au grand public et des romans historiques, on analyse les continuités et les changements dans l’mage publique du personnage ; des transformations qui s’expliquent par leur consonnance avec le climat socio-culturel, les conjonctures politiques et les sensibilités relieuses. Cette étude sur la métamorphose d’un héros du premier baroque est précédée d’une présentation générale sur la vie et la carrière politico-militaire du fils de Charles Quint et Barbara Blomberg.This article presents the initial results of an on-going research project: a case-study of twentieth-century European popular historical culture. It focuses on the hero of the Battle of Lepanto, Don Juan of Austria (1547-1578. By using different sources, especially biographies aimed at the general public and historical novels, the changes and continuity in the public image of this figure are analysed; these transformations are defined with respect to the socio-cultural climate, the political context and religious sensitivities. This study of the metamorphosis of an early Baroque hero is preceded by a brief overview of the life and political and military career of this figure, the son of Charles V and Barbara Blomberg.En este artículo presento los resultados de un trabajo en curso: un estudio de caso sobre la cultura histórica popular europea en el siglo XX. Se centra en el héroe de la batalla de Lepanto, Don Juan de Austria (1547-1578. A través de diferentes medios, especialmente biografías destinadas al gran público y novelas históricas, se analizan las continuidades y cambios en la imagen pública de ese personaje; unas transformaciones que se explicitan en consonancia con el clima sociocultural, las coyunturas políticas y las sensibilidades religiosas. Este estudio sobre la metamorfosis de un héroe del barroco temprano, va precedido de una breve panorámica sobre la vida y la carrera político-militar del hijo de Carlos V y Bárbara Blomberg.

  14. Análisis neotectónico del extremo norte del sobrecorrimiento La Cantera, provincia de San Juan, Argentina / Neotectonic analysis of the northeastern termination of the La Cantera thrust, San Juan Province, Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José Luis, Millán; Laura P, Perucca.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El área de estudio corresponde al sector norte del sobrecorrimiento La Cantera, ubicado a 56 km al noroeste de la ciudad de San Juan y a unos 30 km de los tres principales embalses ubicados sobre el río San Juan. El objetivo de este estudio consistió en conocer los aspectos morfotectónicos de la zon [...] a, efectuar un análisis directo e indirecto de la traza de la falla a partir del estudio de la red de drenaje y analizar las características generales del trazo que afecta las unidades holocenas del corrimiento La Cantera. La red de drenaje de la zona es dendrítica, típica de abanicos aluviales y muestra anomalías que se relacionan directamente con la traza de la falla La Cantera. Se determinaron dos tipos de anomalías: aguas arriba del escarpe de la falla, la red posee un patrón de drenaje en rastrillo (broom-shaped river pattern) y en el bloque elevado la red dendrítica se vuelve más densa e incidida. Se analizaron cuatro trincheras naturales y una artificial, las cuales permitieron identificar el plano del corrimiento La Cantera, de rumbo norte-sur y buzamiento aproximado 30° al oeste. En dos trincheras se reconocieron dos cuñas coluviales que señalarían al menos dos episodios sísmicos. En una de ellas se pudo datar por el método C14 un nivel con una incipiente edafización afectado por la falla, obteniéndose una edad de 4580 ± 50 AP, lo que indicaría que uno de los eventos ocurrió con posterioridad a la formación de ese nivel. Abstract in english The study area is located in the north portion of the La Cantera thrust, 56 km northwest of the city of San Juan and about 30 km of the three major dams along the San Juan River. The aim of this study was to determine some morphotectonic aspects of the area, making direct and indirect analyses of th [...] e drainage network and general characteristics of the fault trace, affecting the Holocene units. The drainage design is dendritic, typical of alluvial fans, showing some anomalies that are directly related to the trace of La Cantera thrust. Two types of anomalies were identified: upstream of the fault scarp the network has a broom-shaped river pattern and in the hanging wall, the dendritic network becomes more dense and incised. We analyzedfive natural and artificial trenches, which helped to identify the fault plane, who trends north-south and dips approximately 30°W. Besides, two colluvial wedges were recognized in two trenches that would indicate at least two seismic events. In one of them a level with incipient pedogenesis affected by the fault, could be dated (C14) resulting in an age of 4580 ± 50 BP, suggesting that one of the events occurred after the formation of this level.

  15. Prevalencia de depresión posparto en el Hospital San Juan de Dios, Cali, Colombia. Septiembre-Diciembre, 2011 / Prevalence of post-partum depression at Hospital san Juan de Dios in Cali, Colombia: September-December, 2011

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Olga Lucía, Cuero-Vidal; Angélica María, Díaz-Marín.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: determinar la prevalencia de depresión posparto en mujeres atendidas en el Hospital San Juan de Dios de Cali (HSJD) en entre septiembre y diciembre de 2011, e identificar los factores relacionados con la enfermedad. Materiales y métodos: estudio descriptivo de corte transversal, realizado [...] en una muestra consecutiva de 149 mujeres que tuvieron un recién nacido sin complicaciones, atendidas en el Hospital San Juan de Dios de Cali, Colombia, entre septiembre y diciembre 2011. Este es un hospital general privado de mediana complejidad del suroccidente colombiano. El diagnóstico de depresión se hizo mediante la aplicación de la Escala de Edimburgo para depresión posparto. Se midieron la edad, edad gestacional, estado marital, relación con el padre, nivel de ingresos, estrato socioeconómico, depresión previa, depresión en la familia e ingesta de alcohol. Se realizó estadística descriptiva y un análisis univariado y multivariado para determinar los factores relacionados con la enfermedad. Resultados: entre las 149 mujeres estudiadas se halló una prevalencia de depresión posparto del 46,3% (IC 95%: 38,1-54,7) según la escala de Edimburgo. Entre las mujeres con puntaje positivo el 21% (IC 95%: 9,3-52,4) habían tenido ideas suicidas en la última semana. Se identificó una relación del antecedente de depresión previa con la depresión posparto (OR = 2,43; IC 95%: 1,14-5,18). Conclusión: la prevalencia de depresión posparto fue alta en la población estudiada, las gestantes con antecedente de depresión tienen alto riesgo de desarrollar la enfermedad y necesitaran evaluaciones adicionales y, eventualmente, tratamiento preventivo. Abstract in english Objectives: To determine the prevalence of postpartum depression in women seen at Hospital San Juan de Dios (HSJD) in Cali between September and December 2011, and identify disease-related factors. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study conducted in 149 consecutive patients deliver [...] ed with no complications between September and December 2011 at Hospital San Juan de Dios, a general, intermediate complexity private hospital located in Southwestern Colombia. The diagnosis of depression was made using the Edinburgh post-partum depression scale, including factors like age, gestational age, marital status, relationship with the father, income level, socioeconomic bracket, prior depression, depression in the family, alcohol intake. Descriptive statistics were used together with univariate and multivariate analysis in order to determine diseaserelated factors. Results: A prevalence of 46.3% of post-partum depression was found among the 149 women studied, with a confidence interval (CI 95%) of 38.1-54.7% according to the Edinburgh scale. Among women with a positive score, 21%, CI 95% (9.3-52.4%) had had suicidal ideation in the previous week. A relationship between prior depression and post-partum depression was found, OR 2.43, CI 95% (1.14-5.18%). Conclusion: The prevalence of post-partum depression was high in the study population; pregnant women with a history of depression have a high risk of developing the disease and require additional assessment and, eventually, preventive treatment.

  16. El rol de Turdusfalcklandii (Aves: Passeriforme) como dispersor de plantas invasoras en el archipiélago de Juan Fernández / The role of Turdus falcklandii (Aves: Passeriforme) as disperser of invasive plants in the Juan Fernández Archipelago

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    CECILIA, SMITH-RAMÍREZ; GISELLA, ARELLANO; ERIN, HAGEN; RODRIGO, VARGAS; JESSICA, CASTILLO; ALEJANDRO, MIRANDA.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available La Reserva Mundial de la Biósfera, Archipiélago de Juan Fernández (33° S) presenta la flora insular con mayor endemismo m-2 en el mundo. Tres especies de arbustos introducidos invaden y desplazan la vegetación nativa de Juan Fernández, especialmente en la isla Robinson Crusoe. Estas especies, Aristo [...] telia chilensis (maqui, introducido en 1894), Rubus ulmifolius (mora, introducido en 1927) y Ugni molinae (murta, introducido a principios del siglo XX), presentan frutos carnosos que son dispersados principalmente por Turdus falcklandii (zorzal). En este trabajo se plantean y responden cinco preguntas clave, sobre: la capacidad actual de expansión de las plantas invasoras; el efecto del zorzal sobre la dispersión y germinación de estas plantas; y el posible efecto de controlar zorzal tanto sobre la expansión de las plantas invasoras como las nativas. Se concluye que la interacción entre el zorzal y los arbustos invasores ha sido clave para explicar su progresiva expansión, además de los rasgos de historia de vida de las plantas invasoras. Se plantea que el control o erradicación de esta ave podría ser una herramienta adecuada para desacelerar el avance de las plantas invasoras. Se recomienda hacer estudios detallados que permitan tomar decisiones sobre la efectividad de controlar en determinada cantidad y tiempo, o erradicar la población de zorzal de la isla Robinson Crusoe como medida de manejo. Además, se recomienda realizar estudios que permitan planificar el control de las fitoplagas en diferentes etapas del ciclo de vida de estas. De no tomarse prontas y efectivas medidas de control de la expansión de maqui, mora y murta se prevé una pérdida considerable de la biodiversidad terrestre de Robinson Crusoe en un mediano plazo. Abstract in english The Juan Fernandez Archipelago World Biosphere Reserve (33° S) contains the highest density of insular floral endemism in the world. Currently three invasive woody plant species threaten the conservation of the vegetation of Juan Fernández, particularly on Robinson Crusoe Island. The introduced plan [...] t species, Aristotelia chilensis (maqui), Rubus ulmifolius (mora) and Ugni molinae (murta), have fleshy fruits that are dispersed primarily by a native bird, the Austral Thrush (Turdus falcklandii). We explore five key scientific questions to guide management decisions, regarding the current expansion capacity of invasive plants, the influence of the Austral Thrush on dispersal and germination of invasive plants in forest gaps, and the possible effects of Austral Thrush control on the expansion of native and invasive plants. We conclude that the interaction between the Austral Thrush and invasive weeds, in addition to the life history characteristics of the invasive species, has been a defining characteristic of the success and speed of the plant invasion, and therefore control or eradication of the Austral Thrush could be a useful tool to slow invasive plant advances. However, we recommend additional detailed studies that would guide decision-making regarding Austral Thrush control and/or eradication effectiveness on Robinson Crusoe Island, in addition to studies of invasive plant control in various life history stages. If immediate and effective control measures are not taken to prevent the expansion of maqui, mora and murta, we foresee a considerable loss of terrestrial biodiversity from Robinson Crusoe Island in the medium term.

  17. Aplicación del metodo geoelectrico para la determinacion de horizontes salinos en la colonia lloveras - pcia de San Juan - Argentina / Resistivity sounding method applied to saline horizons' determination in colonial lloveras - San Juan province - Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Armando L., Imhof; Arturo E., Guell; María S., Villagra.

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available A fin de ubicar y en lo posible delimitar la presencia de horizontes saturados salinizados en la Colonia Lloveras, en el Departamento 25 de Mayo, provincia de San Juan, República Argentina; se programó y efectuó un estudio geoeléctrico aplicando el método denominado Sondeo Eléctrico Vertical (SEV). [...] En una primera etapa consistió en la ejecución de 10 SEV ubicados lo más uniformemente distribuidos, según lo permitieron las condiciones topográficas. En el caso de la Colonia Agrícola Lloveras, los antecedentes indican que existen en el subsuelo horizontes salinizados, por lo que se contó con información previa sobre sectores superficiales ya afectados por este problema. La metodología emprendida con apoyo geológico permitió determinar la localización, extensión, y en lo posible, espesor de horizontes salinizados o contaminantes en el subsuelo; inferir la influencia de los mismos en el desmejoramiento de la calidad del agua, así como los riesgos de salinización o contaminación de zonas no afectadas. A partir de los modelos teóricos calculados de los 10 SEV se conformaron 3 perfiles geoeléctricos distribuidos en forma tal, de posibilitar un modelado global de la zona estudiada. Se identificó la existencia de grandes variaciones laterales de resistividades verdaderas (ohm.m) debido, en parte a la variación en la granulometría producida por el hecho de que toda la zona es aluvional. Se alternan sectores de material fino (arcilla y/o limos, arena fina) con aluvión medio (arenas). A esto hay que añadir el hecho de la presencia de salitre superficial (observado a simple vista en varios sectores). Se destaca, dentro de esta situación, una zona de máxima conductividad eléctrica, hacia el W del sector de estudio. Por último, cabe acotar que se trata en general de una zona de singular dinámica hídrica por aportes de caudales y sedimentos de los ríos San Juan y Mendoza. Presencia de bañados y lagunas, conocidas como Lagunas de Guanacache. Abstract in english To locate and, if possibly, delimitate the presence of underground saline saturated horizons at Colonia Lloveras, 25 de Mayo department in San Juan province, Argentine Republic; a geoelectric research using the Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) method has been programmed and actually carried out. A [...] first step consisted on the execution of 10 V.E.S. as evenly distributed as possible, as was permitted by topographical conditions in the area. In the case of Colonia Agrícola Lloveras, previous studies point to the existence of saline saturated layers in the subsoil, a problem which has already affected superficial areas. The methodology applied, with geological support, made it possible to determine the location, extension and whenever possible, the thickness of saline or polluting layers in the subsoil; to infer their influence in the deterioration of water quality. Starting from the calculated theoretical models of the 10 V.E.S., three geolectrical profiles were adjusted and distributed in a way suitable to make a global modelling of the studied area. The existence of great lateral variations of true resistivities (ohm.m) has been identified, partly due to the variation of particulate size provoked by the fact that the entire region is alluvial. Areas of fine material (such as clay and / or mud, fine sand) alternate with alluvium (sands). In addition, there is saltpeter at surface level (which can actually be seen in several places). In this situation, it is prominent an area of maximum electrical conductivity situated westwards and southwards. Finally, in general, this is an area drained by streams and sediments of San Juan and Mendoza rivers. There are marshes, swamps and lagoons, known as "Lagunas de Guanacache".

  18. Estudio epidemiológico de Toxocara canis en parques recreacionales del distrito de San Juan de Lurigancho, Lima- Perú EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF Toxocara canis IN RECREATIONAL PARKS OF SAN JUAN DE LURIGANCHO DISTRICT, LIMA-PERU

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    YESENIA CASTILLO

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se realizó un estudio epidemiológico de T. canis en zonas populosas de la ciudad de Lima - Perú. Se colectaron muestras de tierra en cinco puntos de cada uno de 17 parques recreacionales de ocho comunidades del distrito de San Juan de Lurigancho, de abril a junio de 1998 y enero de 1999. La técnica empleada para el estudio parasitológico fue el método de Willis, con modificaciones. Los resultados obtenidos señalan la presencia de huevos de T. canis en el 70,6% de los parques estudiados, encontrándose inclusive formas infectivas. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los parques medianamente secos y los húmedos con relación a la presencia del parásito.In this survey was carried out an epidemiological study of Toxocara canis in populous areas of the city of Lima - Peru. Soil samples were collected in five points of each one of 17 recreational parks belonged to eigth communities from San Juan of Lurigancho district, between April to June of 1998 and also January of 1999. The parks were clustered in humid and fairly dry according to their percentage of humidity presented. The technique employed for this parasitological research was the method of Willis, modified in the laboratory. The obtained results point out the presence of eggs of T. canis in 70,6% of the studied parks, including infective forms. There were not differences statistically significant between fairly dry and humid parks in relation to the presence of the parasite. The high frequency of contamination found in the analysed parks obligate the promotion of sanitary education in this community to avoid the risks of contamination with infective forms of T. canis in children and young those employ these parks.

  19. Inventario florístico de la cañada La Chacona-Juan Crispín y zonas adyacentes, Depresión Central de Chiapas, México / A floristic study of La Chacona-Juan Crispin ravine and adjacent zones, Central Depression of Chiapas, Mexico

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Josefa Anahi, Espinosa-Jiménez; Angelita, López-Cruz; Miguel Ángel, Pérez-Farrera; Sergio, López.

    Full Text Available Se presenta un listado florístico de la Cañada La Chacona-Juan Crispín, Chiapas, dentro de los municipios de San Fernando, Tuxtla Gutiérrez y Berriozábal, Chiapas. Se reportan 642 especies y 31 infraespecies, agrupadas en 107 familias y 412 géneros; en bosque tropical caducifolio, bosque tropical su [...] bcaducifolio y bosque de Quercus. El bosque tropical caducifolio fue el de mayor riqueza. Las familias mejor representadas fueron Fabaceae, Asteraceae y Euphorbiaceae. Tillandsia, Eugenia y Euphorbia fueron los géneros con un mayor número de especies. Las hierbas conformaron la forma de crecimiento más abundante (34.4%). Se encontraron 13 especies endémicas a Chiapas y 19 de distribución restringida. Quince especies están en alguna categoría de riesgo dentro de la Norma Oficial Mexicana (NOM-059-SEMARNAT-2010), y 12 se encuentran en la Lista Roja de la Unión Internacional para la Conservación de la Naturaleza. Aunque el grado de perturbación de la zona es alto, el área es importante por su riqueza de especies y presencia de endemismos. Abstract in english A floristic study for Cañada La Chacona-Juan Crispin, Chiapas is given. 642 species and 31 infraspecies classified in 107 families and 412 genera were collected in the municipalities San Fernando, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, and Berriozábal, Chiapas, Mexico. The vegetation types were tropical deciduous forest [...] , subdeciduous tropical forest, and Quercus forest, with the highest species richness in tropical deciduous forest. Fabaceae, Asteraceae, and Euphorbiaceae were the best represented families. Tillandsia, Eugenia, and Euphorbia were the genera with the higher number of species. Herbs were the most abundant growth form (34.4%). Thirteen species were endemic to Chiapas and 19 species had a restricted distribution. Fifteen species are listed in the Norma Oficial Mexicana (NOM-059-SEMARNAT-2010), and 12 species are in the IUCN Red List. Although the level of disturbance in the area is high, the area is important due to its species richness and endemism.

  20. Maracay, centro de industrias agrícolas y pecuarias bajo la influencia del general Juan Vicente Gómez / Maracay, central agricultural and livestock industries under the influence of General Juan Vicente Gomez

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Zandra, Pérez Contreras.

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Entre 1912 y 1928 el general Juan Vicente Gómez, junto a un pequeño grupo de familiares y allegados, fundaron industrias de electricidad, papel, lácteas, cárnica, textil, aceite, jabones, bebidas gaseosas, cigarrillos, que contribuyeron al aumento de la población y a la formación en Maracay de un ce [...] ntro fabril. Tal iniciativa estaba respaldada por las posesiones agrícolas y pecuarias del general Gómez que aseguraban la materia prima, más la disponibilidad de capital para comprar la tecnología y mano de obra especializada, participando instituciones del Estado en la creación de la infraestructura básica de servicios. La investigación se planteó como objetivo reconstruir este proceso de formación del primer centro de industrias pecuarias y agrícolas en Maracay y su influencia en el proceso de modernización, basándose en diversas fuentes documentales, hemerograficas y bibliográficas, fotográficas y orales, localizadas en los archivos del estado Aragua y en la Biblioteca Nacional. Abstract in english Between 1912 and 1928, General Juan Vicente Gomez, along with a small group of family and friends, founded industries of electricity, paper, dairy, meat, textiles, oil, soap, soft drinks, cigarettes, that contributed to the increase in population and Maracay training in a manufacturing center. This [...] initiative was supported by the agricultural and livestock holdings of General Gomez assured raw material and the availability of capital to buy the technology and skilled labor, the state participating in the creation of basic infrastructure services. The research was the rebuilding goal formation process of the first center of agricultural and livestock industries in Maracay, based on various documentary sources, periodicals and bibliographic, photographic and oral, located in various files and in Aragua State Bank Library Central and the National Library in different rooms. It is a work of local history in which an analysis of the context and to the extent that the sources allow comparisons are made with other scales.

  1. Chagas urbano en San Juan: Diagnóstico, revisión y propuesta para un sistema integrado de ataque / Urban Chagas Disease in San Juan: Diagnosis, Review and Proposal for an Integrated Attack System

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rubén, Carrizo Páez; Jorge, Pickenhayn; Mario, Carrizo Páez.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available La ciudad de San Juan, Argentina, inserta en un oasis bajo riego, es y fue un área de fuerte prevalencia de la enfermedad de Chagas. Cambios ecológicos y socioambientales del complejo patógeno indican un avance significativo de su vector, Triatoma infestans, desde las zonas rurales, su hábitat tradi [...] cional, hacia el centro urbano. En este artículo se discuten los procedimientos empleados para medir este fenómeno, así como las técnicas de representación cartográfica. Tras un análisis geohistórico del problema, se revisa la situación actual a partir del vínculo entre vinchucas y palomas, estas últimas en su condición de reservorios, no facultados para albergar en su torrente sanguíneo el agente Trypanosoma cruzi pero sí para facilitar la movilidad del vector. Se concluye que resulta necesario atacar el problema a través de una estrategia integrada que considere el complejo patógeno con criterio transdisciplinario. Abstract in english The city of San Juan, located in an irrigated oasis, has always been an area with high prevalence of Chagas disease. Ecological, social and environmental changes of the pathogen complex indicate that Triatoma infestans, the vector of the disease, is moving from rural areas to urban zones. This paper [...] discusses the procedures used to quantify this phenomenon and the techniques of cartographic representation. After analyzing geographic and historical issues of the problem, the current link between triatomines and doves is examined. Doves are not capable of hosting Trypanosoma cruzi; they are rather reservoirs which facilitate vector's transportation. To conclude, the problem should be attacked through an integrated strategy which should consider the pathogen complex with interdisciplinary criteria.

  2. Sobre Páramos y Sangurimas: un diálogo entre las narrativas de Juan Rulfo y José De la Cuadra / About Páramos and Sangurimas: a dialogue between the narratives of Juan Rulfo and José De la Cuadra

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Facundo, Gómez.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Pedro Páramo (1955), de Juan Rulfo, y Los Sangurimas (1934), de José De la Cuadra, reformulan con originalidad tópicos y recursos formales del regionalismo latinoamericano. La presencia de una serie de complejas operaciones en torno a la oralidad, el fragmento y la creación de un espacio mítico con [...] personajes e historia propia en Los Sangurimas permite relacionar la búsqueda de De la Cuadra con los procedimientos narrativos y la inquietud estética y cultural de Rulfo. Frente al desafío común de representar una comunidad tradicional en proceso de modernización, cada obra ensaya una resolución particular que permite leer diferentes inflexiones en los modos de representación regionalista. Esta vinculación permite una doble operación crítica: por un lado, actualizar la lectura de Pedro Páramo, enmarcándola en un largo proceso de búsquedas estéticas que lo precedieron y, por otro, revisar la ubicación de Los Sangurimas en la historia de la literatura latinoamericana. Abstract in english Pedro Páramo (1955), by Juan Rulfo, and Los Sangurimas (1934), by José De la Cuadra, unusually rephrase topics and formal elements of the Latin-American regionalism. The presence of the complexity about some items that are related with orality, the passage and the creation of a mythic atmosphere wit [...] h characters and with an own history in Los Sangurimas allows to relate De la Cuadra's pursue with the narrative procedures and the aesthetic interest in Rulfo's novel. In view of the their common challenge of representing a traditional community in the course of modernization, each work tries out a particular resolution which allows to read different inflections to the regionalist representation modes. This connection makes a double critic procedure possible: the updating of Pedro Páramo reading by framing it in a large process of preceding aesthetic searches and the revision of Los Sangurimas in Latin-American literature history.

  3. En el centenario de la condecoración del doctor Carlos Juan Finlay con la Medalla Mary Kingsley One-hundred anniversary of the decoration of Dr. Carlos Juan Finlay with medal Mary Kingsley

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    José Antonio López Espinosa

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Se brindó una información panorámica acerca de la vida de la viajera, naturalista y enfermera inglesa Mary Henrrietta Kingsley, así como de la huella que dejó su obra bienhechora. Se hizo referencia a la Medalla Mary Kingsley, premio instaurado para perpetuar la memoria de esta destacada mujer y para reconocer la labor de los investigadores con resultados trascendentales en el campo de la medicina tropical. Se ofrecieron detalles en relación con el otorgamiento de este galardón en 1907 al sabio científico cubano, doctor Carlos Juan Finlay Barrés. Con este modesto artículo se trató de sacar del olvido e, inclusive de salvar de la ignorancia, un acontecimiento de mucha relevancia para la historia de la salud pública en general y de la medicina tropical en particular, a propósito de cumplirse su centenario.A comprehensive information about the life of Mary Henrietta Kingsley, a British traveller, naturalist and nurse, and the legacy of her beneficent work were provided in this paper. Also, reference was made to medal Mary Kingsley, an award that was created to perpetuate the memory of this outstanding woman and to acknowledge the work of researchers who have attained remarkable results in the field of tropical medicine. A number of details were given regarding the decoration of well-known Cuban scientist Dr. Carlos Juan Finlay Barrés with this medal in 1907. This modest article was aimed at saving from oblivion an event of great importance for the history of public health in general and of tropical medicine in particular since the one hundred anniversary of this event is to be celebrated.

  4. COMPOSICIÓN Y PREFERENCIA DE MICROHÁBITAT DE LARVAS DE ODONATA (INSECTA), EN LA CIÉNAGA SAN JUAN DE TOCAGUA (ATLÁNTICO, COLOMBIA) / Composition and microhabitat preference of Odonata larvae (insecta) in the San Juan de Tocagua swamp (Atlántico, Colombia)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    MARIANO, ALTAMIRANDA-S.; LEÓN ANDRÉS, PÉREZ-G.; LUIS CARLOS, GUTIÉRREZ-M..

    2010-12-30

    Full Text Available Se evaluó la respuesta del ensamblaje de larvas de odonatos a la disponibilidad de sustratos en la zona litoral de la Ciénaga San Juan de Tocagua (Atlántico, Colombia). Durante los meses de septiembre (2006) a marzo (2007) se realizaron muestreos y se estimaron la diversidad, la riqueza y la abundan [...] cia de los estadios larvales de odonatos. Además, se midieron parámetros físico-químicos del cuerpo de agua. Las especies presentaron una amplia ocupación de los sustratos, siendo las macrófitas flotantes y los fondos lodosos los sustratos con mayor cobertura y permanencia. Las especies presentes en el fondo de la ciénaga no mostraron relación con el tipo de textura. Los factores físico-químicos medidos no presentaron relación con la diversidad, la riqueza y la abundancia de larvas en el sistema, sugiriendo que la variación en los valores de estos parámetros no explica la respuesta del ensamblaje a través del estudio. Abstract in english We evaluated the response of the assembly of Odonata larvae to the available substrates on the shoreline of the Swamp San Juan de Tocagua, Atlántico, Colombia. We sampled the habitats from September 2006 to March 2007 to estimate diversity, richness and abundance of larval odonates. We also measured [...] physical and chemical parameters of the water body. The species showed a broad occupancy of the substrate, with greater cover and permanence on the floating macrophytes and the muddy bottom. The species of the bottom of the swamp were not associated with a particular the type of texture. The measured physicochemical factors were not associated with the diversity, richness and abundance of the larvae in the system, suggesting that the variation in the values of these parameters does not explain the response of the assembly during the study.

  5. ALEGORÍA DE LO NACIONAL EN CLAVE CARNAVALESCA EN LA "NOCHE CUATRO" DE UMBRAL DE JUAN EMAR / ALLEGORY OF THE NATIONAL IN CARNIVALESQUE CLUE IN THE "NIGHT FOUR" OF UMBRAL BY JUAN EMAR

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Malva Marina, Vasquez; Constanza, Vargas.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Nuestro objetivo es demostrar que el fragmento narrativo "Noche cuatro" de Umbral de Juan Emar es una alegoría de los orígenes del ser de la nación. Este fragmento construye una comunidad lectora -el cronotopo del salón de lectura- que se reúne a escuchar y opinar sobre el relato "La Virgen de la Ho [...] rtaliza", el cual despliega una reflexión crítica sobre las matrices genealógicas de lo nacional. Estas matrices son los ideologemas de la beatería y la patriotería, las que funcionan en la diégesis como constructoras de estereotipos grotescos de subjetividad ciudadana. Este fragmento muestra la derrota de la configuración de la nación inserta dentro del proyecto de confraternidad entre las naciones latinoamericanas (El sueño bolivariano). En el caso específico de Chile, Emar carnavaliza en la "Noche cuatro" los avatares de la alianza entre Iglesia y Estado. Abstract in english Our goal is to demonstrate that the narrative fragment "Noche cuatro" (Night four) in Umbral by Juan Emar is an allegory of the origins of the nation. The fragment built a reading community -the chronotope of the reading room- who meets to listen and comment on the story "La Virgen de la Hortaliza" [...] (The Virgen of Vegetables), story that deploys a critical reflection on the national genealogical matrices. These matrices are ideologemes of bigotry and chauvinism, which at the same time operate in the diegesis as builders of grotesque stereotypes of citizen subjectivity. This fragment shows the defeat of the configuration of the nation inserted into the proyect of fellowship among Latin American nations (Bolivarian dream). In the specific case of Chile, Emar carnivalizes in "Noche cuatro" (Night four) the avatars of the alliance between Church and State.

  6. Evaluación ambiental del río San Juan de Santiago de Cuba por exposición bioacumulativa a metales pesados Environmental evaluation of San Juan river in Santiago de Cuba due to bioaccumulative exposure to heavy metals

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    George Argota Pérez

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Se evaluó la salud ambiental del río San Juan de Santiago de Cuba, expuesto a metales pesados, mediante la utilización de la especie biorreguladora Gambusia punctata. Se analizaron 271 individuos adultos clasificados por sexo, para lo cual se escogieron los intervalos de clases de edades 2,1-3,0 y 3,1-4,0 cm, según la longitud total, respectivamente. La mezcla ácida aplicada estuvo compuesta por ácido perclórico - ácido sulfúrico; (7:1 ácido nítrico para determinar los niveles bioacumulados en hígado, branquias y cerebro como órganos diana. Los metales analizados: cobre, zinc, plomo y cadmio, se cuantificaron mediante espectrometría por plasma inductivamente acoplado con vista axial. Se hallaron diferencias significativas (pThe environmental health of San Juan river in Santiago de Cuba, exposed to heavy metals was evaluated by means of the bioregulatory species Gambusia punctata. Two hundred and seventy five adults were analyzed and classified by sex, for whom the intervals of age classes 2.1-3.0 and 3.1-4.0 cm were chosen, according to the total longitude, respectively. The applied acid mixture was composed by perchloric acid - sulphuric acid; (7:1 nitric acid to determine the bioaccumulated levels in liver, branchiae and brain as target organs. The analyzed metals: copper, zinc, lead and cadmium, were quantified by means of spectrometry by plasma inductively coupled with axial view. There were significant differences (p <0.05 in the bioaccumulated values between intervals and sexes. It was concluded that the levels of bioaccumulated heavy metals overcame the permissible values, so that they represent an environmental risk in the quality of those waters.

  7. Sobre Páramos y Sangurimas: un diálogo entre las narrativas de Juan Rulfo y José De la Cuadra About Páramos and Sangurimas: a dialogue between the narratives of Juan Rulfo and José De la Cuadra

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    Facundo Gómez

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Pedro Páramo (1955, de Juan Rulfo, y Los Sangurimas (1934, de José De la Cuadra, reformulan con originalidad tópicos y recursos formales del regionalismo latinoamericano. La presencia de una serie de complejas operaciones en torno a la oralidad, el fragmento y la creación de un espacio mítico con personajes e historia propia en Los Sangurimas permite relacionar la búsqueda de De la Cuadra con los procedimientos narrativos y la inquietud estética y cultural de Rulfo. Frente al desafío común de representar una comunidad tradicional en proceso de modernización, cada obra ensaya una resolución particular que permite leer diferentes inflexiones en los modos de representación regionalista. Esta vinculación permite una doble operación crítica: por un lado, actualizar la lectura de Pedro Páramo, enmarcándola en un largo proceso de búsquedas estéticas que lo precedieron y, por otro, revisar la ubicación de Los Sangurimas en la historia de la literatura latinoamericana.Pedro Páramo (1955, by Juan Rulfo, and Los Sangurimas (1934, by José De la Cuadra, unusually rephrase topics and formal elements of the Latin-American regionalism. The presence of the complexity about some items that are related with orality, the passage and the creation of a mythic atmosphere with characters and with an own history in Los Sangurimas allows to relate De la Cuadra's pursue with the narrative procedures and the aesthetic interest in Rulfo's novel. In view of the their common challenge of representing a traditional community in the course of modernization, each work tries out a particular resolution which allows to read different inflections to the regionalist representation modes. This connection makes a double critic procedure possible: the updating of Pedro Páramo reading by framing it in a large process of preceding aesthetic searches and the revision of Los Sangurimas in Latin-American literature history.

  8. Juan César García y el movimiento latinoamericano de medicina social: notas sobre una trayectoria de vida / Juan César García and the Latin American social medicine movement: notes on a life trajectory

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    Diego, Galeano; Lucía, Trotta; Hugo, Spinelli.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza la trayectoria de Juan César García, uno de los referentes del movimiento latinoamericano de medicina social. La pregunta que desencadenó este trabajo buscó indagar el momento y las circunstancias en que García incorporó para sí la matriz del marxismo para pensar los problemas [...] de salud. De esta manera, siguiendo los lineamientos metodológicos propuestos por Pierre Bourdieu, utilizamos la noción de "trayectoria de vida" para reconstruir un recorrido vital que se bifurca en varias rutas: de su Necochea natal a la ciudad de La Plata, desde allí hasta Santiago de Chile y, finalmente, sus innumerables viajes desde Washington hacia gran parte de América Latina. Para ello, realizamos entrevistas semiestructuradas con informantes clave: familiares, amigos y colegas de Argentina, Brasil, Ecuador y Cuba. Asimismo, analizamos los títulos de su biblioteca personal, donada a la fundación internacional que lleva su nombre, y documentos de distintos archivos particulares. Abstract in english This article analyzes the trajectory of Juan César García, one of the referential figures of the Latin American social medicine movement. The question that inspired this work sought to uncover in what moment and in what circumstances García incorporated a Marxist framework into his way of thinking a [...] bout health problems. Following the methodological guidelines proposed by Pierre Bourdieu, we used the concept of "life trajectories" to reconstruct a life path that divides in various directions: from his birthplace in Necochea to the city of La Plata, from there to Santiago de Chile and, finally, his numerous trips from Washington DC to a large part of Latin America. In order to trace these paths, we carried out semi-structured interviews with key informants: family members, friends, and colleagues from Argentina, Brazil, Ecuador and Cuba. We also analyzed the books included in his personal library, donated after his death to the international foundation that carries his name, and documents from different personal archives.

  9. Bivalvos carboníferos de la Formación La Capilla en el área de Las Cambachas, provincia de San Juan, Argentina / Carboniferous bivalves from the La Capilla Formation in the Las Cambachas area, San Juan province, Argentina

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    Andrea F., Sterren.

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se dan a conocer los bivalvos provenientes de la Formación La Capilla (Carbonífero) en los afloramientos situados a 300 metros al oeste de la localidad de Las Cambachas en la provincia de San Juan. Se describen tres especies: Phestia sp., Schizodus sp. y Oriocrassatella ? sp. A parti [...] r de las características morfológicas identificables en cada taxón, se realiza el estudio del posible modo de vida y las correspondientes reconstrucciones hipotéticas de cada especie. Los bivalvos descriptos son de hábito infaunal y cavadores someros. Se reconoce una marcada diferencia entre los bivalvos estudiados y aquéllos provenientes de los afloramientos de la Formación La Capilla en el área de Las Juntas, la que se debería a variaciones ambientales entre ambos sectores. La edad de los bivalvos estudiados es carbonífera tardía ya que la fauna de braquiópodos asociada pertenece a la Biozona de Levipustula. Abstract in english A taxonomic analysis of the bivalve fauna from the Carboniferous La Capilla Formation was carried out. La Capilla Formation outcrops are located approximately 300 meters west of Las Cambachas village, San Juan province. Three species of bivalves are described and figured: Phestia sp., Schizodus sp. [...] and Oriocrassatella ? sp. Bivalves are analized from a morpho-functional viewpoint mainly based on shell characters, they are infaunal shallow burrowers. Relationships between morphology and hypothetical life strategies are proposed. Compositional and taphonomic differences between the analyzed fauna from the Las Cambachas section and bivalves from the Las Juntas section are found, probably due to environmental variations. A Late Carboniferous age is suggested for the studied bivalves, in view of their occurrence with brachiopods belonging to the Levispustula Zone.

  10. Formas de contratación y relaciones de trabajo en la cosecha de vid de la provincia de San Juan, Argentina / Types of workers' recruitment and labor relations in the grape harvest at the province of San Juan, Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Guillermo, Neiman; Germán, Quaranta; Mariela, Blanco.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza, para el caso del mercado de trabajo para tareas de cosecha en la producción de uvas para la elaboración de vinos de baja calidad enológica en el departamento Sarmiento de la provincia de San Juan, la relación que se establece entre las modalidades de contratación y la presenci [...] a de conflictos en el sitio de producción a nivel de la organización del trabajo, la extensión y características de la jornada de trabajo y, los niveles y sistemas de remuneración. Se trata de circunstancias que ponen en tensión de manera continua y cotidiana a la relación de trabajo y van a determinar diferentes respuestas por parte de empleadores, trabajadores y contratistas de mano de obra. El análisis realizado muestra que la conflictividad se intensifica en algunos momentos y bajo determinadas condiciones provocando interrupciones de la jornada de trabajo, despidos, resistencias, medidas de disciplinamiento, entre otras tensiones propias de la relación de trabajo. Abstract in english This article analyzes the case of the labor market for harvesting tasks in the production of low quality grapes for wine making in the Sarmiento department at the province of San Juan. The main concern is about the relationship established between the types of labor contracts and the presence of lab [...] or conflicts in the site of production at the level of the work organization, the size and characteristics of the workday, and the level as well remuneration systems. It is assumed that these circumstances will put pressure on everyday working relationships and will determine different responses from employers, workers, and labor contractors as well. The analysis shows that the conflict will intensify at certain times and under certain conditions, causing workday interruptions, layoffs, resistances, disciplining measures, among other tensions taking place at the working relationship itself.

  11. "Democracia presidencial o parlamentaria: ¿qué diferencia implica?" Explorando las influencias institucionalistas en el análisis de Juan Linz / "Presidential or parliamentary democracy: does it make a difference?" Behind the institutionalist influence in Juan Linz's analysis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Josafat, Cortez Salinas; Grisel, Salazar Rebolledo.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La intención de este trabajo es explorar las influencias teóricas detrás de "Democracia presidencial o parlamentaria: ¿Qué diferencia implica?" de Juan Linz, un texto que, a casi veinte años de su aparición, se ha constituido en una referencia clave para los estudios politológicos y jurídicos. Soste [...] nemos que las ideas de Linz sobre la rigidez del mandato y la legitimidad dual como dos de las debilidades del sistema presidencial, y la metodología utilizada en este texto surgen de una conjunción de elementos anclados en corrientes clásicas del pensamiento politológico y constitucional tales como la conceptualización weberiana de las instituciones y las ideas del constitucionalismo anglosajón, complementadas por elementos revisionistas del nuevo institucionalismo histórico. Es en la síntesis de estas corrientes donde reside realmente la novedad del pensamiento de Linz. Abstract in english The intention of the following paper is to explore the theoretical influences behind "Presidential or Parliamentary Democracy: Does it make a difference?" by Juan Linz. After almost twenty years of its appearance, this text has proven to be a primal reference for studies in Political Science concern [...] ing study of presidential regimes. We argue that the discussion of two key elements behind Linz's ideas (the rigidities and the dual legitimacy as two presidential system's weaknesses) and the methodology he used to address democratic institutions, arise from a combination of elements rooted in classical Political Science, such as the ideas of Angosaxon Constitutionalists or the Weberian conceptualization of the institutions. These elements have been complemented by the revisionism brought by the new institutionalism, in its historical branch. Is in the synthesis of these streams where really lies the novelty of Linz's study.

  12. El Evangelio puede matar: Análisis del preámbulo hermenéutico de la anti-cristología de Juan Luis Segundo Gospel gives death: Juan Luis Segundo’s anti-christology's hermeneutic preamble analysis

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    María Eugenia Celli

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Nada nos exime a los hombres y mujeres de hoy de aquella advertencia paulina recaída sobre «la letra que puede matar». Juan Luis Segundo S.J, teólogo latinoamericano de la liberación, es quien con sensibilidad y lucidez ha podido detectar en el acceso de sus contemporáneos a los evangelios y, por ellos, a la figura de Jesús de Nazaret este inminente peligro. En vista de tal problemática y con el fin de actualizar un Evangelio liberador se resuelve a elaborar, en su principal obra cristológica El Hombre de hoy ante Jesús de Nazaret, un extenso preámbulo hermenéutico. A él nos abocamos, como objeto de análisis del presente artículo, con el fin de sistematizar las complejas tareas hermenéuticas que propone y de establecer la originalidad de su labor teológica entendida como «anti-cristología.Contemporary men and women are not exempt form that Pauline warning about «letter that gives death». Latin American liberation theologian, Juan Luis Segundo S. J., has sensibly and brilliantly detected this imminent danger in his contemporaries access to gospel and, through it, to Jesús of Nazareth’s figure. In view of such problems and in order to update a liberating Gospel, he decides to elaborate, in his principal christological work «El Hombre de hoy ante Jesús de Nazaret», an extensive hermeneutic preamble. Such preamble is this article’s object of analysis, to which we dedicate with the purpose of systematizing the complex hermeneutic task that he proposes and to establish the originaliy of his theological work, understood as anti-christology.

  13. Procesos de piping en el piedemonte distal de la Precordillera Oriental, provincia de San Juan: factores y relieve / Piping processes in the eastern piedmont of the Eastern Precordillera, San Juan Province

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    G.M., Suvires.

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available En la región, ubicada al norte del río San Juan, 31°30'S y 68°30'O, parte distal del piedemonte oriental de la Precordillera Oriental, sector La Laja - El Salado, se encontró la presencia de piping en sedimentos y sedimentitas finas rosadas pertenecientes a secuencias neógenas. Se investigan los con [...] dicionantes y factores que favorecieron su génesis. Se interpreta, que este proceso es la causa principal de la formación del relieve erosivo con desplomes, hundimientos, caída de rocas en ladera y de la erosión retrocedente existente en las cabeceras y base de los barrancos. Se analizan los distintos factores ambientales: climáticos, litológicos y estructurales de la región. Entre los condicionantes favorables resultan: la presencia de sedimentos y afloramientos de argilitas con muy altos contenidos en sodio, en un clima árido-seco con amplia variación estacional de precipitaciones. Además, la actividad neotectónica presente en ese sitio coadyuva mediante la emergencia de agua subterránea con alta mineralización a contaminar los afloramientos de argilitas. El piping resulta ser entonces, en esta región árida y con actividad neotectónica, un peligro subsuperficial para tener en cuenta en la planificación territorial. Abstract in english Piping process in fine-grained, pink coloured Neogene sediments and sedimentary rocks were studied in the La Laja-El Salado area, northern Río San Juan, in the distal and eastern piedmont of the Eastern Precordillera. Conditions favourable to the genesis of piping were investigated through aerial ph [...] oto interpretation and fieldwork, and it was concluded that the factors controlling its occurrence are lithology, climate, structure and landscape. The piping in the study area took place mainly in fine clayey materials, with very high values of sodium, and in a dry and arid climatic environment. Neotectonic activity is particularly important for evaluation of the piping processes: some erosional geomorphological features are interpreted as being produced by piping, and the process thus represents a great subsurface hazard that needs to be taken into account in land use planning.

  14. Alimentación de orange roughy, Hoplostethus atlanticus (Pisces: Trachichthyidae), en el archipiélago de Juan Fernández, Chile / Trophic spectrum of orange roughy, Hoplostethus atlanticus (Pisces: Trachichthyidae), in the Juan Fernandez archipelago, Chile

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    Johnny, Labbé F; Patricio, M. Arana.

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available Se efectúa el análisis de los contenidos estomacales de 210 orange roughy (Hoplostethus atlanticus) capturados en el cordón submarino del archipiélago de Juan Fernández (33º-34ºS; 76º-78ºW) entre el 7 y 25 de agosto de 1999. Los ejemplares presentaron longitudes horquillas comprendidas entre 40 y 53 [...] cm. Del total de estómagos examinados, 8,6% se encontraron llenos, el 29,0% contenía algún tipo de alimento y el 62,4% resultaron vacíos. La alimentación estuvo compuesto principalmente por crustáceos, peces y cefalópodos, siendo Lampanyctus achirus la presa más importante en frecuencia y peso, mientras que Oplophorus novaezeelandiae fueel ítem más abundante. Esta especie preda en el área de estudio fundamentalmente sobre organismos mesopelágicos, especialmente L. achirus, Stomias boa boa, O. novaezeelandiae y Histioteuthis spp., resultando su alimentación semejante a la encontrada en otras partes del mundo. Abstract in english Stomach content analysis of 210 orange roughy (Hoplostethus atlanticus) caught over the submarine chain of the Juan Fernandez archipelago (33º-34ºS; 76º-78ºW) between August 7-25, 1999. Specimens lengths were between 40 and 53 cm fork length. From all examined specimens, 8.6% had full stomachs, 29.0 [...] % contained some sort of food and 62.4% had empty stomachs. The food was mainly composed by crustaceans, fishes and cephalopods, Lampanyctus achirus being the most important prey by frequency and weight, while Oplophorus novaezeelandiae was the most abundant. The latter preys on mesopelagic species, mainly over L. achirus, Stomias boa boa, O. novaezeelandiae and Histioteuthis spp., which is in agreement with results from other places in the world.

  15. Nueva evidencia de actividad tectónica cuaternaria en la depresión Zonda-Maradona, provincia de San Juan / New evidence of Quaternary tectonic activity in the Matagusanos-Zonda-Acequión Depression, San Juan Province

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Laura P, Perucca; Gabriela, Lara; Nicolás, Vargas.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analiza la evidencia de actividad neotectónica en la depresión situada entre los ríos San Juan y La Flecha, en el valle de Zonda-Maradona. En esta región, se identificaron trazas de falla que cortan y desplazan rocas sedimentarias paleozoicas, neógenas y depósitos cuaternarios, qu [...] e se ubican en la zona de interacción entre dos frentes morfoestructurales de rumbo meridional y vergencia opuesta. Estos frentes corresponden a la Precordillera Central, de piel delgada y vergencia oriental o andina, y a la Precordillera Oriental, de piel gruesa y vergencia occidental o pampeana. Las deformaciones cuaternarias reconocidas en el piedemonte oriental del cordón de Las Osamentas poseen vergencia al este y las situadas en el piedemonte occidental de la sierra Chica de Zonda tienen vergencia al oeste, poniendo en evidencia que ambos sistemas de fallas siguen activos. Abstract in english In this work, some neotectonic features are recognized and described at the depression located between San Juan and La Flecha rivers, Zonda-Maradona valley. Several fault traces cutting and displacing Paleozoic and Neogene rocks and Quaternary deposits were identified, located in the interaction zon [...] e of two morphostructural fronts trending N-S with opposite vergence: The west-verging Central Precordillera (thin skinned thrust belt), and the east-verging Eastern Precordillera (thick skinned belt). Quaternary deformation recognized in the eastern piedmont of cordon de Las Osamentas have west vergence and those located in the western piedmont of the Sierra Chica de Zonda have west vergence, making evident that both system are still active.

  16. Nueva evidencia de actividad tectónica cuaternaria en la depresión Zonda-Maradona, provincia de San Juan New evidence of Quaternary tectonic activity in the Matagusanos-Zonda-Acequión Depression, San Juan Province

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    Laura P Perucca

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analiza la evidencia de actividad neotectónica en la depresión situada entre los ríos San Juan y La Flecha, en el valle de Zonda-Maradona. En esta región, se identificaron trazas de falla que cortan y desplazan rocas sedimentarias paleozoicas, neógenas y depósitos cuaternarios, que se ubican en la zona de interacción entre dos frentes morfoestructurales de rumbo meridional y vergencia opuesta. Estos frentes corresponden a la Precordillera Central, de piel delgada y vergencia oriental o andina, y a la Precordillera Oriental, de piel gruesa y vergencia occidental o pampeana. Las deformaciones cuaternarias reconocidas en el piedemonte oriental del cordón de Las Osamentas poseen vergencia al este y las situadas en el piedemonte occidental de la sierra Chica de Zonda tienen vergencia al oeste, poni