WorldWideScience
1

2008 Program for Invitation of Foreign Research Institutes to Jeonbuk Province and Enhancement of Technology Transfer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This project was carried out to establish long-term tactical partnership with foreign research institutions for technology exchanges and facilities, and to develop cooperation projects for the core technology. Technical bases for inviting foreign R and D centers to Jeonbuk province has been established through consulting discussion and signing arrangement on cooperation between ARTI and the partner institute. Discussion in-depth on an R and D center of Russian IBMP in Jeonbuk has been made and an agendum for the R and D center was submitted to the 13th Korea-Russian Federation Joint Committee on Nuclear Cooperation. Based on consensus that technology exchange and enhanced collaboration would be reciprocally beneficial, the second ARTI-TARRI joint seminar is scheduled at Jeongeup in September 2009, when further discussion will be made on the subsidiary arrangement to KAERI-JAEA MOU. An consultant meeting was done in order to strengthen international cooperation and to get advice on attracting foreign R and D centers at the Provincial Office in May 2009. A fact finding visit to iThemba LABS in south Africa was made to conclude a Letter of Understanding (LOU) for cooperation in R and D of radioisotopes and radiopharmaceuticals. The established collaborative relationship with world-leading research institutes such as IBMP, TARRI and iThemba LABS can make a role for inviting in the near future foreign R and D centers to Jeonbuk Province, and surely give a tactical influence on radiation industries in the Jeonbuk Province

2

Progress report 1979 - 1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Experimental and theoretical results are reported obtained by staff of the IPP-Prague in the years 1979-1980 concerning high-frequency heating of plasma in tokamaks, interaction of relativistic electron beams with a plasma, and applied plasma physics. Preliminary experiments on additional hf heating in a small TM-1-MH tokamak and the new data acquisition and processing system Andromeda are described in Chapter 2. In Chapter 3 the specifications of the high-power electron accelerator REBEX 2 and some of the applied diagnostic systems (X-ray detectors and equipment for the Thomson scattering of laser light) are described in detail. Work in applied plasma physics is concentrated to thin film formation and plasma chemistry (Chpt.4). In theoretical papers in the last chapter several interesting questions of high-frequency plasma heating and beam plasma interaction are discussed (e.g., particle transport in hf-heated plasma, reflexing electron beam phenomena, particle trapping). (;.U.)

3

Biology and medicine division annual report, 1979-1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Progress for 1979-1980 is reported from the following research groups and/or areas: research medicine; Donner Pavilion; Peralta Cancer Research Institute; environmental physiology; radiation biophysics and structural biophysics. Abstracts have been prepared for the 61 separate research programs described in this report for inclusion in the Energy Data Base

4

Embryo culture in teratological surveillance and serum proteins in development. Progress report, 1979-1980  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Research progress for the period 1979-1980 is reported. The feasibility of using rat embryo cultures to test the teratogenic activity of serum was studied. The mechanisms regulating the synthesis of serum proteins were investigated. (ACR)

Klein, N.W.

1980-07-01

5

Annual report 1979/1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The annual report concentrates result of investigations in the field of the production of radioisotopes, the synthesis of radioactive compounds and their characterization. Main topics are the production of 99Mo and the application of radioactive compounds in nuclear medicine especially as radiopharmaceuticals. A list of publications and lectures is enclosed. (author)

6

Innovation in Australian technology 1979-1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Innovations arising from Australian research and development are reported. Two categories of submission are defined: those which are in production or use and those which have reached prototype design or pilot plant stage and appear to be of value. Innovations in the field of nuclear science are: a radon analyser, uranium tails management, technetium-99m generator, enrichment of uranium by gas ultracentrifuge, programmable radiometric assay monitor, a borehole core analyser, intrinsic germanium detector for uranium borehole logging, underground operations at a uranium mine, neutron moisture meter and apparatus for the determination of deuterium in water at natural levels. Names to whom requests for further information should be addressed are included

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Trace elements in oil shale. Progress report, 1979-1980  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of this research program is to understand the potential impact of an oil shale industry on environmental levels of trace contaminants in the region. The program involves a comprehensive study of the sources, release mechanisms, transport, fate, and effects of toxic trace chemicals, principally the trace elements, in an oil shale industry. The overall objective of the program is to evaluate the environmental and health consequences of the release of toxic trace elements by shale and oil production and use. The baseline geochemical survey shows that stable trace elements maps can be constructed for numerous elements and that the trends observed are related to geologic and climatic factors. Shale retorted by above-ground processes tends to be very homogeneous (both in space and in time) in trace element content. Leachate studies show that significant amounts of B, F, and Mo are released from retorted shales and while B and Mo are rapidly flushed out, F is not. On the other hand, As, Se, and most other trace elements are not present in significant quantities. Significant amounts of F and B are also found in leachates of raw shales. Very large concentrations of reduced sulfur species are found in leachates of processed shale. Very high levels of B and Mo are taken up in some plants growing on processed shale with and without soil cover. There is a tendency for some trace elements to associate with specific organic fractions, indicating that organic chelation or complexation may play an important role. Many of the so-called standard methods for analyzing trace elements in oil shale-related materials are inadequate. A sampling manual is being written for the environmental scientist and practicing engineer. A new combination of methods is developed for separating the minerals in oil shale into different density fractions. Microbial investigations have tentatively identified the existence of thiobacilli in oil shale materials such as leachates. (DC)

Chappell, W R

1980-01-01

8

1979-1980 Geothermal Resource Assessment Program in Washington  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Separate abstracts were prepared for seven papers. Also included are a bibliography of geothermal resource information for the State of Washington, well temperature information and locations in the State of Washington, and a map of the geology of the White Pass-Tumac Mountain Area, Washington. (MHR)

Korosec, M.A.; Schuster, J.E.

1980-01-01

9

Department of Atomic Energy [India]: Annual report 1979-1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The work of the research establishments, projects undertaken and public sector undertakings of the Department of Atomic Energy during the financial year 1979-80 is surveyed. The research and development activities of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre at Bombay, the Reactor Research Centre at Kalpakkam, the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research at Bombay, the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics at Calcutta and the Tata Memorial Centre at Bombay are described. An account of the progress of heavy water production plant projects, the Madras and Narora Atomic Power Projects, the MHD project and the 100 MW thermal research reactor R-5 Project at Trombay is given. Performance of the Tarapur and Rajasthan Atomic Power Stations, Nuclear Fuel Complex at Hyderabad, Atomic Minerals Division, ISOMED (the radiation sterilisation plant for medical products) at Bombay, the Indian Rare Earths Ltd., the Uranium Corporation of India Ltd., and the Electronics Corporation of India Ltd., Hyderabad is reported. (M.G.B.)

10

Resuspension of particulate material from grass. Experimental programme 1979 - 1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Further wind tunnel experiments on resuspension are presented. In one, the effect of natural weathering was investigated. The grass was exposed to natural wind and rain between measurement periods. Results showed that natural weathering reduced the concentration of the tungstic oxide (WO3) tracer found in the air in subsequent resuspension measurements at least as rapidly as exposure to high winds alone. Another experiment showed that 60% of the WO3 resuspended from a small contaminated area deposited again within 4 m. Finally, resuspension from grass of 2 ?m and 5 ?m iron oxide particles and of ferric chloride applied in solution are reported and compared with tungstic oxide and silt. After the first few hours, the resuspension rate increased in the order: submicron WO3 powder, silt, ferric chloride, 2 ?m particles, 5 ?m particles, with a ratio of about a hundred between the highest and lowest. The problem of extrapolating from small-scale experiments to contamination on a larger scale is discussed. Resuspension factors for grassland in N W Europe appear to be comparable with those observed in more arid conditions in the USA, but resuspension formulae previously proposed by American workers are probably conservative by about an order of magnitude if applied in Europe. (author)

11

Bauxite provinces of the world  

Science.gov (United States)

Phanerozoic bauxite provinces are contoured and characterized. The relations to large tectonic units—ancient and young platforms, island arcs and foldbelts, active continental margins, etc.—are chosen as the major criterion for the recognition of bauxite provinces; 19 provinces of different age and conditions of bauxite deposition are described. Single- and multistage as well as single- and multilevel provinces are distinguished depending on the type of tectonic and geomorphic structure. The most productive bauxite provinces are located in the present-day tropical zone within ancient Gondwanan platforms. Three-level provinces with Cretaceous bauxite at the highest and oldest (post-Gondwanan) surface and Cenozoic deposits at lower and younger planation surfaces are predominant. The most complex, two- and three-stage and multilevel provinces are related to ancient fold regions. The single-level provinces are localized in young island arcs and oceanic islands. The prevalent genetic types of bauxite deposits—lateritic, sedimentary, and karst—are shown in the map of bauxite provinces.

Bogatyrev, B. A.; Zhukov, V. V.

2009-10-01

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Jiayuguan of Gansu Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the study, three different solar power generating systems (including solar thermal and PV are analyzed, according to same climate data in Jiayuguan, Gansu province. Solar parabolic trough and tower thermal power systems are selected as typical thermal system. Parabolic trough system and polycrystalline silicon cell are maturity and popularized in the world and tower system is developed to commercial stage in recent year. Then calculated and analyzed the generating capacity and economic characters of three power systems. The results can be used to support technology choice, operation and design optimization.

Yong-Sheng Hu

2013-01-01

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Title I ESEA, High School; English as a Second Language: 1979-1980. OEE Evaluation Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

The report is an evaluation of the 1979-80 High School Title I English as a Second Language Program. Two types of information are presented: (1) a narrative description of the program which provides qualitative data regarding the program, and (2) a statistical analysis of test results which consists of quantitative, city-wide data. By integrating…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Office of Educational Evaluation.

14

Environment Health & Safety Research Program. Organization and 1979-1980 Publications  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This document was prepared to assist readers in understanding the organization of Pacific Northwest Laboratory, and the organization and functions of the Environment, Health and Safety Research Program Office. Telephone numbers of the principal management staff are provided. Also included is a list of 1979 and 1980 publications reporting on work performed in the Environment, Health and Safety Research Program, as well as a list of papers submitted for publication.

none,

1981-01-01

15

Levels of strontium 90 in the environment at PINSTECH (Period 1979-1980)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Strontium 90, a most toxic among the beta emitting radionuclides, is found in the environment originating mostly from the global fallout from nuclear tests. Radioactive concentration of this radionuclide was measured in air-borne particulates, precipitation, surface water, seasonal vegetables and other items of diet. The report describes a radiochemical procedure for the separation of Y 90 by solvent extraction leading to the determination of Sr 90 content in the environmental and biological samples. The report also presents data on the concentration of Sr 90 in the biomedia at PINSTECH during 1979-80. The values of these concentrations are fairly comparable to those published in the current literature. (author)

16

Evaluation of Special Education Projects in Career Education 1979-1980. Report No. 8126.  

Science.gov (United States)

The report contains a summary of conclusions and recommendations concerning career education programs for handicapped students in Philadelphia as well as a specific report for each of the six projects funded during the 1979-80 school year. The following projects are described: Consumer and Homemaking for Retarded Educables, Consumer and Homemaking…

Chern, Hermine J.; And Others

17

Organochlorine pesticide residue levels in human milk: Western Australia, 1979-1980.  

Science.gov (United States)

Two hundred sixty-seven samples of breast milk, supplied by 140 donors from both urban (N = 45) and rural (N = 95) areas, were analyzed on a whole milk basis for aldrin, gamma-benzene hexachloride (gamma BHC), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), dieldrin, and total dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) to ascertain the effectiveness of restrictions placed on pesticide use since 1971. Aldrin and gamma BHC were found to be present mainly in trace amounts, while decreases were found with HCB (0.025-0.008 ppm) and total DDT (0.078-0.046 ppm). Dieldrin showed an increase (0.005-0.009 ppm) which caused some concern. The results of a questionnaire suggested a connection between the high dieldrin levels and a program of treatment for the protection of houses against termites. A statistical analysis further supported this theory and suggested three variables being significantly associated with dieldrin levels: (1) treatment of the house, (2) suburb in which the donor lived, and (3) age of the mother. Further relationships were shown to exist between pesticide levels, lipid content of the milk, and the stage of feeding at which the sample was taken. PMID:4004342

Stacey, C I; Perriman, W S; Whitney, S

1985-01-01

18

Production of sugarcane and tropical grasses as renewable energy source. Third annual report, 1979-1980  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Research continued on tropical grasses from Saccharum and related genera as sources of intensively-propagated fiber and fermentable solids. Candidate screening for short-rotation grasses was expanded to include six sorghum x Sudan grass hybrids developed by the Dekalb Company. Sugacane and napier grass yield trends in year 3 include: (1) Increased yields with delay of harvest frequency; (2) lack of response to close spacing; (3) a superiority of napier grass over sugarcane when harvested at intervals of six months or less; and (4) a general superiority of the sugarcane variety NCo 310 over varieties PR 980 and PR 64-1791. Delayed tasseling of a wild, early-flowering S. spontaneum hybrid enabled three crosses to be made in December using commercial hybrids as female parents. Approximately 1000 seedlings were produced. The first field-scale minimum tillage experiment was completed. Sordan 77 produced 2.23 OD tons/acre/10 weeks, with winter growing conditions and a total moisture input of 4.75 inches. Mechanization trials included successful planting of napier grass with a sugarcane planter, and the mowing, solar-drying, and round--baling of napier grass aged three to six months. Production-cost and energy-balance studies were initiated during year 3 using first-ratoon data for intensively propagated sugarcane. Preliminary cost estimates for energy cane (sugarcane managed for total biomass rather than sucrose) were in the order of $25.46/OD ton, or about $1.70/mm Btus.

1980-01-01

19

Physics and medicine: the Bevatron/Bevalac experience, 1979-1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Heavy ion radiobiology has been integrated successfully into the research program at the Bevatron/Bevalac for the past several years. During the 1979 to 1980 year radiotherapy trials have been conducted side-by-side with the demanding program of heavy ion nuclear science research at this national facility. Careful attention is given to the scheduling of research on the SuperHILAC and Bevatron/Bevalac so that the nuclear science and biomedical programs at the Bevatron/Bevalac and the program at the SuperHILAC are served to maximum effect. Efforts to maximize the researchers' time have resulted in hardware, software, and operating improvements that offer a total machine availability of about 90% and a user availability of about 80%. Fast beam switching and beam sharing permit virtually simultaneous use of the Bevatron/Bevalac by two or more users. Current beam delivery systems will be augmented in FY 1981 to provide two ion energies per Bevatron/Bevalac pulse

20

Progress report on research program in elementary particle theory, 1979-1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A qualitative description is given of research in the following areas: particle physics in relativistic astrophysics and cosmology; phenomenology of weak and electromagnetic interactions; strong interaction physics and quark-parton physics; quantum mechanics, quantum field theory, and fundamental problems; and groups, gauges, and grand unified theories. Reports on this work have already been published, or will be, when it is completed

21

Admission Requirements of U.S. and Canadian Dental Schools: 1979-1980. Sixteenth Edition.  

Science.gov (United States)

Extensive data are gathered on entry into dental schools in the United States and Canada; all schools are included. In addition to brief chapters on dentistry as a career and planning for dental education, information provided for the entering class of 1979-80 by each school is given. This information includes: general information on the school;…

American Association of Dental Schools, Washington, DC.

22

A Positive and Comparative Research on Enterprise Competitiveness between Hubei Province and Coastal Provinces  

OpenAIRE

According to the three index dimensions which include index value of enterprise scope competitiveness, enterprise management competitiveness and enterprise innovation competitiveness, this article proceeds the comparison and analysis the index mean-values of enterprise competitiveness between in Hubei Province and 31 provinces and cities of China and six coastal provinces in 2005. The result shows that in 2005, the index value of enterprise competitiveness in Hubei Province was ranked No.15 i...

Yanyan Wang; Yonghua Zhu

2009-01-01

23

Transamazonic foundation from Borborema Province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Geochronological data obtained in plutonic rocks of the Sao Vicente/Caico Groups present U/Pb values around 2.15 Ga. These rocks may have involved from an initial mantle or lower crust melting and fractionation process by 2.62-2.65 Ga., that is evidenced from Sm/Nd model ages. Relation betwen TTG-sequence and tectonic setting of the area and other localities in NE-Brazil suggest that the Transamazonic orogeny was the main crust-forming episode of the Borborema Province. (author)

24

THE CONGRESS IN PUNJAB PROVINCE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In order to study Indian National Congress in Punjab during 1900-1929, it is necessary to give an idea about the foundation and growth of Congress at all India level, without which the picture in different provinces about the growth of Congress activities would not be clear. The regional study is closely interlinked with the wider growth of All India National Congress. No picture of regional and local level organization can be properly constructed without forming a picture of National Level organization.

DR. MUMTAZ

2012-05-01

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A Positive and Comparative Research on Enterprise Competitiveness between Hubei Province and Coastal Provinces  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available According to the three index dimensions which include index value of enterprise scope competitiveness, enterprise management competitiveness and enterprise innovation competitiveness, this article proceeds the comparison and analysis the index mean-values of enterprise competitiveness between in Hubei Province and 31 provinces and cities of China and six coastal provinces in 2005. The result shows that in 2005, the index value of enterprise competitiveness in Hubei Province was ranked No.15 in the whole country, scale competitiveness was ranked No.12, management competitiveness was ranked No.20, innovation competitiveness was ranked No.13, comparing with coastal provinces, scale competitiveness and innovation competitiveness only were 26% of latter average values, management competitiveness was 95% of latter mean value. Enterprise competitiveness in Hubei had a wide gap comparing with coastal provinces, so it need promote such as management competitiveness in Hubei Province.

Yanyan Wang

2009-05-01

26

Uranium provinces and mantle anomalies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The geochemical cycle of U shows that, since 2.5 Ga ago, part of the crustal U has been returning to the mantle. This is due to the setting up of the convective cycle that altered the primordial element distribution in geospheres governed by gravity alone. Mantle material with U excess has been recognized by Pb isotopic studies in the source mantle regions for alkaline magmatism, but alkaline magmatism does not balance the U excess in the mantle. Therefore, mantle regions which are enriched in U, Th, light rare earth elements, K and other incompatible elements should be stored somewhere beneath the lithosphere. The uranium provinces representing crustal geochemical anomalies may correspond to the site of underlying mantle anomalies. This possibility has been tested in the Latium region (Central Italy), which is considered to be a very recent uranium province. The Latium region corresponds to a mantle uplift with anomalous geophysical characteristics. The magmatic suites extracted from the anomalous mantle indicate mantle metasomatic processes. The enrichment factor for incompatible elements added to the source mantle region of the alkaline magmatism has been calculated. Another supply of fluids depositing incompatible elements in shallow crustal environment has been detected and evaluated also. Regional mineralizations may correspond to this fraction of fluids supply that can percolate outside the volcanic system. Those elements that have been added to the magmatic chts that have been added to the magmatic chamber after the magma extraction from the mantle (U, Hg, Sb, As, Ba, Sr, F, S) form huge concentrations in and around the volcanic system. The isotopic composition of the different types of mineralizations and alterations shows constant values which do not relate to magmatic or to sedimentary origins. 9 refs, 4 figs, 2 tabs

27

Analysis of the structural parameters that influence gas production from the Devonian shale. Annual progress report, 1979-1980. Volume III. Data repository and reports published during fiscal year 1979-1980: production, unsponsored research  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This document consists of the following papers: inorganic geochemistry studies of the Eastern Kentucky Gas Field; lithology studies of upper Devonian well cuttings in the Eastern Kentucky Gas Field; possible effects of plate tectonics on the Appalachian Devonian black shale production in eastern Kentucky; preliminary depositional model for upper Devonian Huron age organic black shale in the Eastern Kentucky Gas Field; the anatomy of a large Devonian black shale gas field; the Cottageville (Mount Alto) Gas Field, Jackson County, West Virginia: a case study of Devonian shale gas production; the Eastern Kentucky Gas Field: a geological study of the relationships of Ohio Shale gas occurrences to structure, stratigraphy, lithology, and inorganic geochemical parameters; and a statistical analysis of geochemical data for the Eastern Kentucky Gas Field.

Negus-De Wys, J.; Dixon, J. M.; Evans, M. A.; Lee, K. D.; Ruotsala, J. E.; Wilson, T. H.; Williams, R. T.

1980-10-01

28

Analysis of the structural parameters that influence gas production from the Devonian shale. Annual progress report, 1979-1980. Volume II. Data repository and reports published during fiscal year 1979-1980: regional structure, surface structure, surface fractures, hydrology  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This volume comprises appendices giving regional structure data, surface structure data, surface fracture data, and hydrology data. The fracture data covers oriented Devonian shale cores from West Virginia, Ohio, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Kentucky. The subsurface structure of the Eastern Kentucky gas field is also covered. (DLC)

Negus-De Wys, J.; Dixon, J. M.; Evans, M. A.; Lee, K. D.; Ruotsala, J. E.; Wilson, T. H.; Williams, R. T.

1980-10-01

29

Potential uranium provinces in some arabian countries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This work represents an attempt to delineate potential uranium provinces in some Arabian countries using various related recognition criteria. Definition of these provinces is based on the available geologic and tectonic setting beside geochronological sequence and some geochemical characteristics. This trial would be of a great help for interchanging the ideas and necessary data for the development in the fields of uranium exploration and production. As a result of this study, a number of promising potential uranium provinces are recommended in some arabian countries. 5 figs

30

Combined macroscopic and microscopic approach to the fracture of metals. Technical annual progress report, 1979-1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The following results are reported: (1) extremely good theoretical-experimental correlation was found between our theoretical predictions based on asymptotic analysis with numerical finite element studies and the experimentally monitored crack growth for a large range of stable crack growth in 4140 steel; (2) a theoretical model was developed for the critical conditions of crack initiation at rigid particles as a precursor of ductile rupture in steels; (3) as part of environmentally sensitive fracture mechanisms, it was found that hydrogen can promote a ductile-to-brittle fracture transition with increasing charging current density in low carbon steel; and (4) a new variational principle has been established for the combined processes of plastic creep flow and grain boundary diffusion and has been constructively applied to the problem of cavity growth under creep conditions

31

End of survey report price, deliveries and stocks of heating oil: State of Oregon, 1979-1980  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report includes the following: method used in conducting the survey of price, deliveries and stocks of heating oil; specific affecting factors, weather, price increases and availability; recommendations; and data acquired from dealers for the periods October 29, 1979 to March 31, 1980.

Falotico, R.R.

1980-05-16

32

Physico-chemical investigation of some areas of fundamental significance to biophysics. Annual report, 1979-1980  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

All projects listed in this report have been submitted for publication as journal articles or DOE reports. Projects include: McGlynn, S.P., Felps, W.S. and Scott, J.D., Molecular Rydberg Transitions. XVIII. Vibronic Doubling in Methyl Iodide; Findley, G.L. and McGlynn, S.P., The Generalized Genetic Code. A Modification of Code Universality; Findley, G.L. and McGlynn, S.P., Fundamental Spectroscopic Studies of Some Atmospheric Pollutants; McGlynn, S.P., Azumi, T. and Kumar, D., The Colors of Post-Transition-Metal Salts; Lewis, J.W., Nauman, R.V., Boulder, D.B., Jr. and McGlynn, S.P., Molecular Rydberg Transitions. XIX. Low-Energy Rydberg States of Azulene; Felps, W.S., Scott, J.D., and McGlynn, S.P., Molecular Rydberg Transitions. XX. Vibronic Doubling in Alkyl Bromides; Felps, W.S. and McGlynn, S.P., Molecular Rydberg Transitions. XXI. Intermediate Coupling in Simple Bromides; McGlynn, S.P. and Felps, W.S., Molecular Rydberg Transitions. XXII. The ..pi.. ..-->.. 4s Transition of ClCN; Chattopadhyay, S., McGlynn, S.P. and Findley, G.L., Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Phosphites, Phosphates and Substituted Phosphates; and Scott, John D., A Perturbed Linear Molecule Model for the Spectroscopy of Almost Linear Molecules. (PSB)

McGlynn, S P

1980-07-07

33

Analysis of the structural parameters that influence gas production from the Devonian shale. Annual progress report, 1979-1980  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The executive study presents the results and progress of efforts toward understanding shale gas production from the Devonian shale in Appalachia. A correlation was found between the geochemical parameters of the shale in eastern Kentucky and shale gas production there. Tasks on resource inventory tasks and shale characterization include regional structure studies, production studies, geophysical studies, structure studies, fracture density and orientation, and fracture studies. (DLC)

Negus-de Wys, J.; Dixon, J. M.; Evans, M. A.; Lee, K. D.; Ruotsala, J. E.; Wilson, T. H.; Williams, R. T.

1980-10-01

34

An ethnobotanical survey on hormozgan province, Iran  

OpenAIRE

Objective: The present study is based on an ethnobotanical research project conducted in Hormozgan province that is located in south of Iran, bordering waters of the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. This survey was carried out in order to recover the ethnobotanical and ethnomedicinal knowledge of the residents of this province. They are using medicinal and functional plants for treating or preventing several diseases. Materials and Methods: Ethnobotanical data sheets were run with the native inhabi...

Omid Safa; Mohammad Amin Soltanipoor; Soheil Rastegar; Mahnaz Kazemi; Khadijeh Nourbakhsh Dehkordi; Alireza Ghannadi

2012-01-01

35

Analysis of Shannxi Province of Young Talents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Scientists is the key to stimulate economic progress. First, in Shannxi Province the paper describes the distribution of young technology rising star winners since 2009, second, it uses the SWOT method to analyze the status of these talents. Finally, it suggests the Shaanxi province government should protect the young scientists, providing them with the superior treatment, a favorable political environment and exceptional room for improvement.

Dong Xiaojing

2013-01-01

36

Marriage Customs in Gulin County, Sichuan Province  

OpenAIRE

Miao Nationality in Sichuan Province commonly known as the “Southern Sichuan Miao”, mainly is found in Sichuan south which is adjacent to Guizhou Province. Based on fieldworks of three visiting, the marriage customs in Gulin County is found to be the most unique among Southern Sichuan Miao. They include the forms of pledging love, Caishan Festival; Miao Fair, halfway feast,: passing umbrella, summoning the spirits, pulling chicken tongue, taking old names, bumping against the door, sin...

Wu, Shuang; Zhou, Fang

2014-01-01

37

Martian Provinces From Neutron and Gamma Spectrometry  

Science.gov (United States)

This study intends to identify and characterize the major provinces at the surface of Mars. We used the data from the Neutron Spectrometer (NS) and the Gamma-ray Sensor Head (GSH) aboard Mars Odyssey. NS data help to define broad provinces that should present uniform composition. GSH data can be then summed over these provinces to derive their chemical compositions with good statistics. At the present stage, we manage to conduct the first step that identifies the provinces, while the second step is still under progress to characterize them. Variations in NS epithermal and fast neutron data are largely dominated by the distribution of hydrogen and carbon at the surface or at shallow depths. Neutrons are also affected by the presence of an atmosphere. To limit these effects, we chose frost free data (i.e. measured during the summer at high-latitudes), between -60 and +60 degrees latitude, and corrected for atmospheric thickness (normalization to 16 g/cm2). On the other hand, it has been demonstrated that neutron fluxes can be used as a proxy for composition: thermal neutrons are strongly attenuated by absorbing elements such as iron, titanium, chlorine, gadolinium, and samarium; on the contrary, the fast neutron flux increases in presence of high-atomic mass elements such as iron or titanium. For a dry and airless body it is known that the ratio of epithermal over fast neutron counts is correlated to the ratio of thermal over fast neutron counts. This correlation leads to a unique parameter, which characterizes the various soil compositions. A similar behaviour has been observed within our subset of NS data. Effects of hydrogen and carbon are quite obvious, allowing us to focus on secondary components, which are driven by soil composition. From there, we derived four provinces besides the poles. The first province is made of H-rich equatorial regions (Arabia Terra and south of Lucus Planum). The second and third provinces are found north and south of the crustal dichotomy corresponding to lowlands and highlands, respectively. In particular the second province includes Acidalia Planitia and Utopia Planitia (Amazonis Planitia is an exception as it falls into the third province). Finally the fourth province covers the highest terranes (above 5-6 km): Tharsis Montes, Olympus Mons and Alba Patera. One possibility to explain these distinctive neutron signatures can be variations of iron and chlorine contents in the soil. Indeed, iron and chlorine are the neutron absorbers having the most significant abundance on Mars. Preliminary GSH analysis reveals that the second province (lowlands) is richer in iron, as well as in potassium and thorium, then the other provinces. The fourth province (high elevations) is richer in chlorine than the others [see J. Keller abstract, same session]. This analysis is still under progress, and more datasets may be included as they will become available.

Gasnault, O.

2003-12-01

38

Epidemiology of Ectopic Pregnancy in Hamadan Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: The blastocyst implantation in any place other than uterus cavity endometrium is called ectopic pregnancy. The prevalence of ectopic pregnancy is different in various countries. This study has been conducted to investigate the epidemiology of ectopic pregnancy in Hamadan province during 2000-2010.Materials and Methods: The present study is a retrospective descriptive study. The data on 872 ectopic pregnancies were extracted by questionnaires from the files in the records department of hospitals and delivery centers in Hamadan province during 2000-2010. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the obtained data were analyzed using SPSS-16 software.Results: The frequency of ectopic pregnancy in Hamadan province during 2000-2010 was averagely 2.6 per 1000 pregnancies. Tubal pregnancy with 95.2% is the most prevalent type of ectopic pregnancy most of which had occurred in the right tube (52.4%. Most ectopic pregnancies (52.2% were in the age group of 25-34.Conclusion: The prevalence of ectopic pregnancy in Hamadan province during the mentioned years has been 2.6 in 1000 pregnancies, which is lower compared to many existing data. However, the prevalence of ectopic pregnancy in this province has increased over time, so that it has become 3.3 times as much from 2000-2010.

Fatemeh Shobeiri

2012-04-01

39

Marriage Customs in Gulin County, Sichuan Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Miao Nationality in Sichuan Province commonly known as the “Southern Sichuan Miao”, mainly is found in Sichuan south which is adjacent to Guizhou Province. Based on fieldworks of three visiting, the marriage customs in Gulin County is found to be the most unique among Southern Sichuan Miao. They include the forms of pledging love, Caishan Festival; Miao Fair, halfway feast,: passing umbrella, summoning the spirits, pulling chicken tongue, taking old names, bumping against the door, singing loudly ceremony songs, and so on. These customs are valuable assets which are primitive, elegant and rich, on inheriting on Miao history and culture.

Shuang WU

2014-04-01

40

Response to Intervention (RTI) in the Province of Saskatchewan  

Science.gov (United States)

Response to Intervention (RTI) is at a beginning stage in the Saskatchewan province as well as in other parts of Canada. One needs only to enter RTI and the names of any of the Canadian provinces into any widely used search engine to see the marked difference in the availability of information about RTI when the Canadian provinces and individual…

Kemp-Koo, Debra; Claypool, Tim

2011-01-01

41

Cogeneration opportunities in the maritime provinces  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

With the arrival of natural gas in New Brunswick in November 1999, the province will be faced with new power generation development opportunities in four different categories of power projects. These include industrial self generation (including cogeneration), merchant power plants, power projects to replace aging facilities, and power projects to help meet future environmental needs. New Brunswick's competitive advantage in harnessing the power generation development opportunities lies in the fact that it is close to major electricity markets in Quebec and New England. It also has many available generation sites. The province's many pulp and paper plants with large process steam needs are also ideal candidates for cogeneration. Some of the major competitive advantages of natural gas over coal are its lower operation and maintenance costs, it is thermally more efficient, produces lower emissions to the environment and prices are competitive. One of the suggestions in New Brunswick Power's new restructuring proposal is to unbundle electricity service in the province into generation and transmission and distribution services. Three gas-fired projects have already been proposed for the province. The 284 MW Bayside Power Project at the Courtenay Bay Generating Station is the most advanced

42

Sedimentary rocks Uranium in Cerro Largo Province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

With the aim of the uranium minerals exploration has been carried out several studies by UTE technicians in Cerro Largo Province from 1968 to 1969. In uranium concentration has been found pyrite, phosphate, iron oxides and manganese in uranium. Furthermore in La Divisa Ore were studied concentration Uranium enrichment has been studied in La Divisa ore

43

Studies on uranium metallogenic provinces in Canada  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Studies on uranium metallogenic provinces in Canada consist of basic descriptive investigations (lithostratigraphic, structural, mineralogic, geochemical); development of conceptual genetic models of various types of uranium deposits; and delineation of environments favourable for occurrence of uranium deposits. Results of these observations are in turn used for evaluation of undiscovered uranium resources

44

Flinders Mountain Range, South Australia Province, Australia  

Science.gov (United States)

Classic examples of folded mountain ranges and wind erosion of geologic structures abound in the Flinders Mountain Range (30.5S, 139.0E), South Australia province, Australia. Winds from the deserts to the west gain speed as they blow across the barren surface and create interesting patterns as they funnel through the gullies and valleys.

1983-01-01

45

Geologic Provinces of the United States  

Science.gov (United States)

This site provides all information, instructions, downloadable materials, and links to online materials for an exercise developed for use in a Geology of the National Parks course. Using the provided maps, groups of 3 to 6 students are asked to identify between 8 and 12 geologic provinces based on topography, the age of rocks, and the rock types. As a result of this exercise, students will become familiar and comfortable with reading maps and legends, learn basic rock types and how geologic time is divided, define geologic provinces that will form an outline for learning the geology of the U.S., and be able to discuss the maps they create based on what they've learned. This exercise is intended for one of the first class meetings of the quarter or semester and ideally students will approach this exercise without much or any prior knowledge of the geology of the United States.

Mary Leech

46

Tabanidae (Insecta: Diptera Fauna of Düzce Province  

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Full Text Available This faunistic study was carried out in Düzce province of Turkey in 2000, 2002 and 2007 years and 26 species belonging to Tabanidae family of Diptera were determined. The species; Chrysops caecutiens (L., 1761, C. flavipes Meig. 1804, Hybomitra ciureai (Seguy, 1937, Atylotus fulvus (Meig.,1820, A. loewianus (Vill., 1920, A. quadrifarius (Lw., 1874, Tabanus armeniacus (Kröb., 1928, T. autumnalis L., 1761, T. bifarius Lw., 1858, T. briani Lecl., 1962, T. bromius L., 1761, T. cordiger Meig., 1820, T. eggeri Schi., 1868, T. fraseri Aust., 1925, T. glaucopis Meig., 1820, T. indrae Haus., 1939, T. maculicornis Zett., 1842, T. sudeticus Zell., 1847, T. tergestinus Egg., 1859, T. miki Br., 1880, T. quatuornotatus Meig., 1820, T. spodopterus Meig., 1820, T. unifasciatus Lw., 1858, Philipomyia aprica (Meig., 1820; Haematopota italica Meig., 1804, H. pandazisi (Kröb., 1936. The species which have been identified except Tabanus bifarius are the first records for the province.

Ferhat Altunsoy

2010-06-01

47

Herpetofauna, Coastal Dunes, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Coastal dunes habitats at Buenos Aires provinceare in a fragmentation and habitat loss process dueto related human activities. Knowledge on theherpetofauna of Buenos Aires province coasthabitats is plentiful for some species of lizards andscarce for most amphibians and snakes. With theaim to present a list on the amphibians andreptiles of the coastal dune habitats in BuenosAires province we recorded species coming fromfield work, cited in literature, and vouchersspecimens deposited in herpetological collections.We recorded 35 species in six sectors thatrepresent the last remnants of coastal dunes ingood conservation status. The Mar Chiquita andFaro Querandí Reserves represent an importantcontribution to the conservation of several speciesthat inhabit coastal dune habitats. It is necessaryto increase the knowledge on biodiversity in thosehabitats in order to develop conservation strategies.

Kacoliris, F.

2006-01-01

48

The Wyoming uranium province study: an integrated approach to the characterization of a uranium province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Wyoming Uranium Province Study is a part of the National Uranium Resource Evaluation (NURE) program conducted by Bendix Field Engineering Corporation (BFEC) for the U.S. Department of Energy. The objective of the project is the integration of NURE and other data sources to develop a model for a uranium province centered in Wyoming. This paper is a progress report on the integration and examination of the NURE data bases as applied to crystalline rocks of the province. Preliminary results indicate that the hydrogeochemical and stream-sediment, aerial radiometric, aerial magnetic, and zircon data prove to be useful in the characterization of the crystalline rocks of the uranium province. The methods used in this project can be applied in three ways to the recognition of a uranium province: (1) to draw attention to possible uranium deposits and occurrences, (2) to generally identify different crystalline rock-types, particularly those that could represent potential fertile uranium source rocks, and (3) to develop broad geologic concepts to guide follow-up investigations

49

Seroepidemiology of Human Hydatidosis in Golestan Province, Iran  

OpenAIRE

Background: Hydatidosis is one of the most prevalent zoonotic diseases worldwide. So far no survey was conducted to deter¬mine the rate of human hydatidosis in Golestan Province, so using IFA and ELISA tests the prevalence of this disease was detected in patients referred to health centers in this province. Methods: Totally 1024 serum samples were collected from patients referred to different health centers in 4 cities of Gloestan Province including Gorgan, Gonbad kawoos, Aliabad Katool and ...

Mb, Rokni; Farahnak, A.; Baharsefat, M.; Mobedi, I.; Massoud, J.

2007-01-01

50

Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part VII. Kerman Province.  

OpenAIRE

Thirteen species of scorpions belonging to two families are reported from the Kerman Province of Iran. Of these, the species Compsobuthus kaftani Kova?ík, 2003, Mesobuthus macmahoni (Pocock, 1900), Orthochirus farzanpayi (Vachon et Farzanpay, 1987), Polisius persicus Fet, Capes et Sissom, 2001, Sassanidotus gracilis (Birula, 1900), and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861 are recorded from the province for the first time. Kerman Province contains type localities of six species of scorpions, o...

Navidpour, S.; Ezatkhah, M.; Kovar?i?k, F.; Soleglad, M. E.; Fet, V.

2011-01-01

51

Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) Fauna of Qom Province, Iran  

OpenAIRE

Background: There is very little information about the mosquito fauna of Qom Province, central Iran. By now only three species; Anopheles claviger, An. multicolor, and An. superpictus have been reported in the province. To study mosquito fauna and providing a primary checklist, an investigation was carried out on a collection of mosquitoes in this province.Methods: To study the mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) fauna, larval collections were carried out from different habitats on 19 occasions usi...

Saghafipour, A.; MR Abai; Farzinnia, B.; Nafar, R.; Ladonni, H.; Azari-hamidian, S.

2012-01-01

52

Prenatal Care Services in Aydin Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim of the study was to evaluate the quality and quantity of prenatal care in Aydin province. It was a cross-sectional study. 195 women (pregnant/women at postpartum period living in the Aydin province participated in the study. Cluster and simple random sampling method was used in the selection of women from 10 health centers (one rural-one urban health station each. Data obtained by face to face interview technique. Turkey Demografic Health Survey criteria were used for evaluation of the quantity of prenatal care as ?sufficient? or ?insufficient? and quality of prenatal care was scored as ?1-2?(bad, ?3-4?(moderate and ?5-6?(good. Chi-square, Mann Whitney-U and t tests were used for analysis. One fifth of each pregnant women who were in last trimester and 11.3% of women in postpartum period stated that they were not followed up by an health personnel during pregnancy. One third of pregnant women who were in last trimester and 58.5% of women in postpartum period said they weren?t visited by an health personnel in the first trimester. Besides, quality points of prenatal care were found low, both in pregnant women and women in post partum period. It was found that living in urban areas, high education level and presence of social security effected getting adequate prenatal care. The quality and quantity of prenatal care was found less than expected in Aydin province which is located in the western region of Turkey. It is necessary that, health personnel must be more sensitive to convey ?adequate? prenatal care especially women who are living in rural areas, who have low educational level and who have no social security. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2007; 6(2.000: 137-141

Erdal BESER

2007-04-01

53

Prenatal Care Services in Aydin Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim of the study was to evaluate the quality and quantity of prenatal care in Aydin province. It was a cross-sectional study. 195 women (pregnant/women at postpartum period living in the Aydin province participated in the study. Cluster and simple random sampling method was used in the selection of women from 10 health centers (one rural-one urban health station each. Data obtained by face to face interview technique. Turkey Demografic Health Survey criteria were used for evaluation of the quantity of prenatal care as ?sufficient? or ?insufficient? and quality of prenatal care was scored as ?1-2?(bad, ?3-4?(moderate and ?5-6?(good. Chi-square, Mann Whitney-U and t tests were used for analysis. One fifth of each pregnant women who were in last trimester and 11.3% of women in postpartum period stated that they were not followed up by an health personnel during pregnancy. One third of pregnant women who were in last trimester and 58.5% of women in postpartum period said they weren?t visited by an health personnel in the first trimester. Besides, quality points of prenatal care were found low, both in pregnant women and women in post partum period. It was found that living in urban areas, high education level and presence of social security effected getting adequate prenatal care. The quality and quantity of prenatal care was found less than expected in Aydin province which is located in the western region of Turkey. It is necessary that, health personnel must be more sensitive to convey ?adequate? prenatal care especially women who are living in rural areas, who have low educational level and who have no social security. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2007; 6(2: 137-141

Erdal BESER

2007-04-01

54

Analysis of earthquake risk in Iran based on seismotectonic provinces  

Science.gov (United States)

Analysis of seismic risk in Iran is made using a seismotectonic provinces model. The earthquake data of various seismotectonic provinces are compiled and treated statistically. The coefficients of a log-linear and a log-quadratic magnitude frequency relationship are calculated and return periods for several earthquake magnitudes are found. From log-linear coefficients, seismic risk, intensities and ground acceleration for a set of return periods and epicentral distances are estimated and substantial variations in return periods for a given magnitude are noted. The provinces which are located southwest of the Zagros thrust and northeast of the Arabian landmass are the most active in producing earthquakes with magnitude of about 6 in less than a decade; whereas the northern and northeastern provinces are capable of producing a magnitude 7.5 earthquake about each century. The seismic risk is lowest for Esfahan-Sirgan, Arabian Platform, Persian Gulf, Kavir in central Iran, and Arvand—Shatt-al-Arab provinces; and the highest seismic risk is for Elburz, Kopet-Dagh, Ferdows, and Fars provinces. The expected peak ground acceleration is highest, for a time exposure of 30 yrs, for Fars, Ferdows, and Tabas provinces, and least for Esfahan-Sirjan. For a time exposure of 200 yrs, the expected peak ground acceleration is highest for Elburz, Kopet-Dagh, and Ferdows provinces.

Nowroozi, Ali A.; Ahmadi, G.

1986-02-01

55

Province of Ontario nuclear emergency plan. Pt. 1  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Province of Ontario Nuclear Emergency Plan has been developed pursuant to Section 8 of the Emergency Plans Act, 1983. This plan replaces the Province of Ontario Nuclear Contingency Off-Site Plan (June 1980) which is no longer applicable. The wastes plan includes planning, preparation, emergency organization and operational responsibilities and policy

56

Isotopic abundance of lead in Japanese granites province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

It is geologically important to determine lead isotopic abundance in granite from petrographic provinces in Japan. The isotopic abundance can distinguish the geochronological characteristic of the provinces among others. Surface inoization mass spectrometry using a Hitachi RMU-6 Type mass spectrometer equipped with a newly established computer system has been applied the determination of isotopic abundances of lead in those granites from four typical provinces such as Tsukuba, Naegi, Hira and Sakihama. Measured lead isotopic abundances in granite from the same petrographic province have been found to be equal respectively within the analytical accuracy by the above method, while geologically known difference of characteristics of the granites from those provinces has been also distinguished by the isotopic abundances of lead. (author)

57

Medicinal plants used in Kirklareli Province (Turkey).  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, 126 traditional medicinal plants from Kirklareli Province in Turkey have been reported. One hundred and twenty six plant species belonging to 54 families and among them 100 species were wild and 26 species were cultivated plants. Most used families were Rosaceae, Labiatae, Compositae and the most used plants were Cotinus coggyria, Sambucus ebulus, Achillea millefolium subsp. pannonica, Hypericum perforatum, Matricaria chamomilla var. recutita, Melissa officinalis subsp. officinalis, Juglans regia, Thymus longicaulis subsp. longicaulis var. subisophyllus, Malva sylvestris, Urtica dioica, Plantago lanceolata, Rosa canina, Ecballium elaterium, Artemisia absinthium, Viscum album subsp. album, Papaver rhoeas, Helleborus orientalis, Cydonia oblonga, Prunus spinosa subsp. dasyphylla, Rubus discolor, Sorbus domestica. A total of 143 medicinal uses were obtained. The traditional medicinal plants have been mostly used for the treatment of wounds (25.3%), cold and influenza (24.6%), stomach (20%), cough (19%), kidney ailments (18.2%), diabetes (13.4%). PMID:17257791

Kültür, Sükran

2007-05-01

58

The Colorado Plateau uranium province, USA  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Colorado Plateau uranium province (CPUP) occupies a large part of the Colorado Plateau physiographic province, from which it derived its name. It is defined by the distribution of major uranium deposits within Pennsylvanian through Upper Jurassic sedimentary rocks. In contrast, the edges of the CPUP and adjacent areas are either devoid of deposits or contain only smaller deposits in either Tertiary volcanic and sedimentary rocks or Precambrian basement rocks. Orthogonal sets of lineaments trending northeast and northwest across the region reflect structures that were periodically active in the late Paleozoic through the Mesozoic and which exerted significant control on the positions of contemporaneous intracratonic basins and related sedimentary facies. Fluvial sandstone facies, in particular, contain most of the uranium deposits, and fine-grained volcaniclastic rocks overlying the sandstones are presumed to be the source of much of the uranium. Both structural features and sedimentary facies controlled the flow of ore-forming groundwater. The major uranium deposits in the CPUP consist of seven types distinguished by host rock, form, and mineral assemblage. Each type of deposit is here named after the principal host unit in which it occurs. Isotopic age determinations suggest that the major deposits resulted from three separate mineralizing episodes: (1) the first was a major, widespread episode at about the end of Triassic time, (2) the second was a minor, more lc time, (2) the second was a minor, more localized episode in mid-Jurassic time and (3) the dominant third episode occurred at about the beginning of Cretaceous time. Each of the two major episodes followed the only two massive accumulations of volcaniclastic strata in the region. This volcanic debris was derived from contemporaneous volcanic arcs far to the south and west and, as noted above, is believed to be the source of much of the uranium in the deposits. 65 refs, 11 figs, 4 tabs

59

An Attempt to Construction of Seismotectonic Province Map  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A seismotectonic province is a kind of seismic source where, in general, seismic characteristics are assumed to be uniform. It is different from earthquake-generating geological structures such as faults or folds. It is an area or a zone where earthquakes diffusely occur but no specific geological structure is identified to be responsible for those earthquakes. The terminology, a seismotectonic province is originated from a tectonic province of U.S. federal code, with emphasis on earthquakes. The seismotectonic province is called the seismogenic source in the regulatory guides of U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and the zone of diffuse seismicity in a guide of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). In Korea, existing seismotectonic province maps were constructed based on the geological information due to insufficient earthquake data. As understood in its name, however, a seismotectonic province map should be based on the seismic information. Moreover, it should be noted that the Korean (geologic) tectonic structures cannot correctly represent the current tectonic regime because they were formed before the Cenozoic. In this context, we attempted to construct a seismotectonic province map by using seismic and geophysical information as well as geologic information

Noh, Myung Hyun; Shim, Taek Mo [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2010-10-15

60

An Attempt to Construction of Seismotectonic Province Map  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A seismotectonic province is a kind of seismic source where, in general, seismic characteristics are assumed to be uniform. It is different from earthquake-generating geological structures such as faults or folds. It is an area or a zone where earthquakes diffusely occur but no specific geological structure is identified to be responsible for those earthquakes. The terminology, a seismotectonic province is originated from a tectonic province of U.S. federal code, with emphasis on earthquakes. The seismotectonic province is called the seismogenic source in the regulatory guides of U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and the zone of diffuse seismicity in a guide of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). In Korea, existing seismotectonic province maps were constructed based on the geological information due to insufficient earthquake data. As understood in its name, however, a seismotectonic province map should be based on the seismic information. Moreover, it should be noted that the Korean (geologic) tectonic structures cannot correctly represent the current tectonic regime because they were formed before the Cenozoic. In this context, we attempted to construct a seismotectonic province map by using seismic and geophysical information as well as geologic information

61

Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae Fauna of Qom Province, Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: There is very little information about the mosquito fauna of Qom Province, central Iran. By now only three species; Anopheles claviger, An. multicolor, and An. superpictus have been reported in the province. To study mosquito fauna and providing a primary checklist, an investigation was carried out on a collection of mosquitoes in this province.Methods: To study the mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae fauna, larval collections were carried out from different habitats on 19 occasions using the standard dipping technique during spring and summer 2008 and 2009.Results: In total, 371 mosquito larvae were collected and morphologically identified including 14 species representing four genera: Anopheles claviger, An. marteri, An. turkhudi, An. superpictus, Culex arbieeni, Cx. hortensis, Cx. mimeticus, Cx. modestus, Cx. pipiens, Cx. territans, Cx. theileri, Culiseta longiareolata, Cs. subochrea, and Ochlerotatus caspius s.l. All species except for An. claviger and An. superpictus were collected for the first time in the province. All larvae were found in natural habitats. The association occasions and percentages of the mosquito larvae in Qom Province were discussed.Conclusion: There are some potential or proven vectors of different human and domesticated animal pathogens in Qom Province. The ecology of these species and the unstudied areas of Qom Province need to be investigated extensively.

A Saghafipour

2012-06-01

62

Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae Fauna of Qom Province, Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: There is very little information about the mosquito fauna of Qom Province, central Iran. By now only three species; Anopheles claviger, An. multicolor, and An. superpictus have been reported in the province. To study mosquito fauna and providing a primary checklist, an investigation was carried out on a collection of mosquitoes in this province.Methods: To study the mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae fauna, larval collections were carried out from different habitats on 19 occasions using the standard dipping technique during spring and summer 2008 and 2009. Results: In total, 371 mosquito larvae were collected and morphologically identified including 14 species representing four genera: Anopheles claviger, An. marteri, An. turkhudi, An. superpictus, Culex arbieeni, Cx. hortensis, Cx. mimeticus, Cx. modestus, Cx. pipiens, Cx. territans, Cx. theileri, Culiseta longiareolata, Cs. subochrea, and Ochlerotatus caspius s.l. All species except for An. claviger and An. superpictus were collected for the first time in the province. All larvae were found in natural habitats. The association occasions and percentages of the mosquito larvae in Qom Province were discussed.Conclusion: There are some potential or proven vectors of different human and domesticated animal pathogens in Qom Province. The ecology of these species and the unstudied areas of Qom Province need to be investigated extensively.

A Saghafipour

2012-06-01

63

Prostate cancer incidence in Golestan province, Iran (2004)  

OpenAIRE

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men and therefore represents a major problem in public health.The aim of this study was to find and evaluate province-specific estimate of incidence in males by age groups for prostate cancer in Golestan province, Iran. The data used in this study were collected in a cancer registry program that was conducted by Health Deputy of Golestan province in IRAN for a period of 1 year (2004). Prostate cancer data was identified and collected in the p...

Abdoljalal Marjani; Kabir, Mohammad J.

2008-01-01

64

Contribution on the Tabanidae (Diptera Fauna of Antalya Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this study, carried out 35 species in Antalya province. Totally 35 species, belonging Tabanidae were determined. The species Silvius alpinus, Chrysops viduatus, Atylotus loewianus, Tabanus atropathenicus, T. bifarius, T. cordiger, T. darimonti, T. glaucopis, T. leleani, T. lunatus, T. maculicornis; T. miki, T. portschinski, T. prometheus, T. spodopteroides, T. tinctus, T. sudeticus, Hemotopota italica, H. ocelligera, H. pallens, and H. subcylindrica are the first records for this province. The total number of determined species in Antalya province reaches to 52 with the result of this study and the previous studies.

Ferhat Altunsoy

2010-12-01

65

The Teles Pires volcanic province: A paleogeoproterozoic silicic-dominated large igneous province in southwest Amazon craton and tectonic implications  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) are important features of the Earth history especially recognized during Paleo to Mezosoic times when they are related to the break up of supercontinents (Coffin and Eldhom, 1994). These provinces occur in several different tectonic settings such as volcanic passive margins, submarine ridges and continental and oceanic plateaux. Mafic-dominanted provinces are the most well known among the LIPs and the best examples are the Karoo, Kerguelem and Ontong-Java. LIPs including an important silicic component have been described in some basaltic provinces of southern Africa (Milner et al. 1992). More recently, silicic-dominated LIPs have been recognized in eastern Australia (Bryan et al., 2000), in southern South America (Pankhurst et al. 1998) and in Antartica Penninsula (Riley and Leat, 1999). The common characteristics of this kind of LIP include: 1) large volume of silicic rocks with dominance of ignimbrites, 2) active over 40 to 50 m.y.; and 3) spatially and temporally associated with plate break up. In this paper we present the main geologic and geochronologic characteristics of the Teles Pires volcanic province from southwest Amazon Craton, which allow its classification as a Paleoprotorozoic silicic-dominated LIP. Geologic implications of this suggestion includes the existence of a large cratonic plate as old as 1.81Ga for the Amazon Craton, therefore the proposed 1.85-1.55 Ga magmatic arc of Rio Negro-Juruena Province should be reviewed Negro-Juruena Province should be reviewed (au)

66

Highlights from Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa  

Science.gov (United States)

Although the extraction of mineral wealth has been the major influence in the history of Johannesburg and the surrounding Witwatersrand regions (with about 45% of all gold ever mined coming from there), the discovery of now-famous hominid fossils at the Sterkfontein Caves, and the convening of the world's largest-ever conference on environment and development, are setting a new stage for the future. The United Nations began the second Development and Environment Conference in Johannesburg on August 26, 2002. This meeting addresses the implementation of international goals to fight poverty and protect the global environment that were established at the first such conference held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. The Johannesburg summit involves about forty thousand participants, and perhaps 100 world leaders. One of several official opening ceremonies for the conference was held at the Sterkfontein Caves to recognize the outstanding universal value of the paleo-anthropological fossils found there.These views from the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) highlight a number of the land use, vegetation, and geological features found within Gauteng Province (including the urban center of Johannesburg and the capital city Pretoria) and parts of the North West and Free State Provinces. The image on the right displays vegetation in red hues and is a false-color view utilizing data from MISR's near-infrared, red and blue bands. Both the natural-color view (left) and the false-color version were acquired by MISR's nadir camera on June 16, 2002. The urban areas appear as gray-colored pixels in the natural-color view, and exhibit colors corresponding with the relative abundance of vegetation found in the urban parts of this arid region.The mountains trending east-west near the center of the images extend from Pretoria in the east to Rustenberg in the west. These ranges, the Magaliesberg and Witwatersberg, separate the low-lying, hotter bushveld to the north from the cooler highveld to the south. The large round feature near the north-west corner indicates an ancient volcanic crater in the Pilanesberg National Park. Many bright, buff-colored rectangular patches around Johannesburg are associated with mining activities, and at least two of these areas (situated 40 kilometers southeast of the city) hold large amounts of water. The Sterkfontein Caves (now included within the recently created 'Cradle of Humankind' World Heritage Site) are located about 35 kilometers northwest of Johannesburg. In the southern portion of the images, a section of the Vredefort Hills are apparent to the west, and to the east the Vaal River and a large water body contained by the Vaal Dam delineate the border between the Gauteng and Free State provinces.The Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer observes the daylit Earth continuously from pole to pole, and views almost the entire globe every 9 days. This image is a portion of the data acquired during Terra orbit 13266, and covers an area of about 190 kilometers x 221 kilometers. It utilizes data from blocks 111 to 112 within World Reference System-2 path 170.MISR was built and is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Office of Earth Science, Washington, DC. The Terra satellite is managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. JPL is a division of the California Institute of Technology.

2002-01-01

67

Petrology of greenstones in southern Wyoming Province  

Science.gov (United States)

Archean greenstones occur in South Pass area and southern Wind River Canyon area in central Wyoming State, U.S.A. These two areas are near about 100 km away from each other and belong to the same sub- province named Wyoming greenstone province (WGP, composed of meta-mafic rocks and meta- sedimentary rocks) (Mueller et al., 1998). The South Pass area is one of the greenstone belts in the southern Wyoming Province and is located in the northwestern part of the WGP. The greenstones (15 km long) occur along the later Archean granitic batholith (Louis Lake batholith, 2.63 Ga) and are composed of meta-pillow lavas, meta diabasic rocks, meta-gabbroic rocks, meta basaltic tuffs, and other meta sediments. The meta diabasic rocks occur as dykes. Banded iron formation lies along the contact between these greenstones and the batholith. Several previous studies suggested that these greenstones were metamorphosed under conditions of amphibolite, and locally greenschist (Harper et al., 1985; Wilks and Harper, 1997; Frost et al., 2000). However we found evidence indicating limited distribution of the amphibolite facies zone which is restricted along the batholith. Greenstones in this area were regionally metamorphosed under low-grade and the amphibolite facies greenstones were formed by the thermal effects by the batholith. Many characteristics of the protolith are well preserved. The following textures are preserved; pillow lava structure, relic igneous augite grains in meta basaltic rocks, relic igneous brown hornblende grains in meta diabasic rocks, gabbroic textures, and some sedimentary textures. The pillow lavas (5-10 cm x 15-30 cm) are composed of pale green core and thin dark gray rim (about 0.5 cm wide) and the core domain is rich in carbonate. The southern Wind River Canyon area is located in the northern part of the WGP. Archean greenstones in this area are composed of meta pillow lavas, meta gabbroic rocks, and meta pelites. From south toward north, mafic rocks generally grade into pelitic rocks. All the greenstones were metamorphosed under a condition of amphibolite and no relic of protolith minerals are preserved. Ring structures suggesting pillow lavas (core, 20- 30 cm x 30-50 cm; rim, 1.0-3.0 cm wide) occur in fine-grained mafic greenstones. Skarn (several cm to several tens cm in scale) occurs only near these ring structures and cuts the greenstones. This skarn is cut by granite intrusions. Both the South Pass area and the southern Wind River Canyon area are possibly regarded as upper part of Archean oceanic crust. The South Pass greenstones were regionally metamorphosed under low-grade (lower greenschist facies). Amphibolite facies greenstones were formed by thermal effects by the granitic batholith. The southern Wind River Canyon greenstones were subjected to amphibolite facies regional metamorphism and no thermal effect by the granites was observed. Archean skarn occurs only in the southern Wind River Canyon area. What did make these differences between Archean greenstones in the South Pass area and the southern Wind River Canyon area? Comparisons of greenstones between these two areas are significant for the formation of the Archean greenstones and the formation of Archean skarn in these areas.

Takeuchi, Y.; Yuasa, T.; Ogasawara, Y.

2006-12-01

68

Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones. Part II. Bushehr Province.  

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Full Text Available The Bushehr Province of Iran contains the type localities of three scorpion taxa, Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889, Orthochirus iranus Kova?ík, 2004, and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900. Apart from them, Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807, Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905, Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880, Odontobuthus bidentatus Lourenço & Pézier, 2002, Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903, and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1862 have also been known to occur in the province. Collections made by a team under Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran reveal four additional species recorded from the province for the first time: Buthacus macrocentrus (Ehrenberg, 1828, Compsobuthus jakesi Kova?ík, 2003, Orthochirus farzanpayi (Vachon & Farzanpay, 1987, and Orthochirus stockwelli (Lourenço et Vachon, 1995. In addition, Compsobuthus persicus sp. n. is described as a species new to science, bringing the total species count to 14. A key to all species of scorpions found in Bushehr Province is presented.

Soleglad, M.E.

2008-04-01

69

Studies on schistosomiasis in Taiz Province, Yemen Arab Republic.  

Science.gov (United States)

Infection with both urinary and intestinal schistosomiasis is prevalent with patchy distribution in Taiz Province, southwest Yemen Arab Republic. Schistosoma haematobium with a prevalence as high as 90% was found in the western, southern, and northern parts of the province. Among school children the overall prevalence was 37%. Infection rates did not differ significantly among various age and sex groups. Three species of Bulinus--B. beccarii, B. truncatus, and B. wrighti--have been found in the province, B. beccarii having the widest distribution and highest density. S. mansoni was found in most parts of the province. A 100% prevalence was found in some schools. The overall prevalence was 64% among school children and 68% among inhabitants of villages surveyed. Highest prevalence was found in the age group 10-20 years. Hepatosplenomegaly was prevalent among children in highly endemic areas. Biomphalaria pfeifferi, the intermediate host of S. mansoni, was found in most valleys. PMID:6625057

Hazza, Y A; Arfaa, F; Haggar, M

1983-09-01

70

Helminths of guineafowls in Limpopo Province, South Africa  

OpenAIRE

Between July 2005 and November 2006 the gastro-intestinal helminths of 15 Helmeted guineafowls and a single Crested guineafowl from Musina, Limpopo Province were examined, and in July and August 2005 helminths were collected from five Helmeted guineafowls from Mokopane in the same province. The acanthocephalan Mediorhynchus gallinarum, the cestodes Abuladzugnia gutterae, Davainea nana, Hymenolepis cantaniana, Num...

Boomker, J.; Junker, K.

2007-01-01

71

Disability in patients with leprosy in Golestan province, Iran  

OpenAIRE

Background and Aim: Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease that typically affects the skin and peripheral nerves and can cause irreversible disabilities. The objective of this study was to assess the status of disability caused by leprosy in the Golestan Province in Iran. Methods: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, patients affected with leprosy whom were referred to Health Network in Golestan Province from April 1971 to September 2008 were studied. Sampling meth...

Soheil Rafiee; Fatemeh Mehravar; Mohammad Dehghan; Abdolaref salehi

2013-01-01

72

Development of Indicators of Cyberbullying among Youths in Songkhla Province  

OpenAIRE

The objectives of this study were to develop indicators and to test the goodness of fit of the structural relationship model of indicators of cyberbullying among youths in Songkhla Province. The study was conducted with 480 youths, and confirmatory factor analysis was performed.The results of the study revealed that the indicators of cyberbullying among youths in Songkhla Province consisted of five factors with twenty-four indicators. The factor with the highest weight was slandering (b=0.90)...

Tanyakorn Tudkuea; Kasetchai Laeheem

2014-01-01

73

Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part I. Khoozestan Province.  

OpenAIRE

Collections made by a team of Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran) include 17 of the 19 species known to inhabit Khoozestan Province, and form the basis of this paper. Among them are two new species (Hottentotta khoozestanus sp. n. and Vachoniolus iranus sp. n.), Compsobuthus jakesi Kova?ík, 2003 previously known only from Iraq, and five species representing first records for the province: But...

Fet, V.; Soleglad, M. E.; Kovar?i?k, F.; Navidpour, S.

2008-01-01

74

Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part VI. Lorestan Province.  

OpenAIRE

Ten species of scorpions belonging to three families are reported from the Lorestan Province of Iran. Of these, five species are recorded from the province for the first time: Hottentotta zagrosensis Kova?ík, 1997; Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889); Orthochirus iranus Kova?ík, 2004; Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903); and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900). One new species is described, Hottentotta lorestanus sp. n.; it can be easily distinguished from the other four species ...

Navidpour, Shakhrokh; Nayebzadeh, Hassan H.; Soleglad, Michael E.; Fet, Victor; Kovar?i?k, Frantis?ek; Kayedi, Mohammad Hassan

2010-01-01

75

Helminth Parasites of Rhombomys opimus from Golestan Province, Northeast Iran  

OpenAIRE

Background: The aim of the study was to determine the helminthic species occurring in great gerbil Rhombomys opimus collected from Maraveh Tappeh, Golestan Province, northeast Iran.Methods: During 2010-2011, a total of 77 R. opimus were captured from rural areas of Maraveh Tap­peh, Golestan Province, using Sherman live traps and examined for infectivity with any larva or adult stages of helminthic parasites.Results: Overall, 63 R. opimus (81.8%) were found infected with different helminthic ...

Kamranrashani, B.; Eb, Kia; Mobedi, I.; Mohebali, M.; Zarei, Z.; Gh Mowlavi; Hajjaran, H.; Abai, MR; Sharifdini, M.; Kakooei, Z.; Mirjalali, H.; Charedar, S.

2013-01-01

76

Prevalence of HTLV-1 infection in Golestan Province, Iran  

OpenAIRE

Background and objectives: Human T-Lymphocyte Virus-1 (HTLV- 1) is known as the etiologic factor of acute T-Lymphocytic Leukemia (ATL) and tropical spastic paralysis. (TSP). Endemic factors causing infection with Human T Lymphocyte Virus-1 (HTLV-1) is based on environmental, socio-economical and health behaviors of the individuals. This virus is well distributed in families with involved members. Golestan province is located in North West part of Northern Khorasan province that had already be...

Kh, Kalavi; A Moradi, Ar Ahmadi; Aj Sarikhani, M. Bazoor; Mr Kyaee

2008-01-01

77

The Application of Carbon Footprint Analysis in Hunan Province  

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Full Text Available Based on interpreting carbon footprint’s definition and its effecting factors, making positive analyses by using the data of cities in Hunan Province from 2005 to 2009, this paper constructs the calculating model of carbon footprint and analyses the relationship between carbon footprint and population, economy development level, industrial structure and energy structure. Meanwhile, on the basis of above analyses, this paper puts forward effective ways to advance the low-carbon development of Hunan Province from four aspects.

Bing YI

2014-04-01

78

The Development Measures of Circular Economy in Jilin Province  

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Full Text Available The development of circular economy is the strategic choice of Jilin Province to improve overall competitiveness. This article described specific measures of the development of circular economy in Jilin Province from five aspects as follows: the building of circular economy industrial park and business groups, the development of modern agriculture, improve the utilization of water resources, as well as the construction of laws and regulations.

Juan Zhang

2010-09-01

79

The economic impact of hunting in the Northern Cape province  

OpenAIRE

We here estimate the economic impact of hunting (both biltong and trophy) on South Africa's Northern Cape province economy. This study used the input-output (social accounting matrix) and multiplier analyses to evaluate the economic impact of hunting in the regional economy of the Northern Cape province. Data on biltong hunting were derived from a national survey conducted in 2007 and data on trophy hunting were derived from the Professional Hunting Association of South Africa (PHASA). The re...

Rossouw, Riaan; Saayman, Melville; Merwe, Petrus

2011-01-01

80

Infertility in Mazandaran province - north of Iran: an etiological study  

OpenAIRE

Background: The prevalence and etiology of infertility are not similar in different parts of the world. There are only few reports of this topic in Iran.Objective: This study was conducted to determine the clinical patterns and major causes of infertility in Mazandaran province in north of Iran.Materials and Methods: The medical records of 3734 consecutive couples attending two infertility clinics in Mazandaran province, from 2003 to 2008, were reviewed. The couples had not had a viable birth...

Nadali Musanejad; Gholamali Jursarayee; Ayyub Barzegarnejad; Sepideh Peivandi; Narges Moslemizadeh; Amir Esmailnejad Moghaddam; Abbasali Karimpour Malekshah1

2011-01-01

81

PARASITIC CONTAMINATION OF WELLS DRINKING WATER IN MAZANDARAN PROVINCE  

OpenAIRE

There is a direct relation between the prevalence of some parasitic diseases and the presence of those etiologic agents in water. The purpose of this research was to determine the contamination rate of wells drinking water to parasites in Mazandaran province in the north of Iran. 989 water samples were randomly taken based on the population of towns and number of health centers from 12 cities of Mazandaran province and transferred to the laboratory in sterile containers. Water samples were th...

Mohammadpoor, Z. Yousefi ?. H. Ziaei Hezarjaribi ?. A. A. Enayati ?. R. A.

2009-01-01

82

Incidence of Low Birth Weight in Mazandaran Province, Northern Iran  

OpenAIRE

Objectives: Low Birth Weight (LBW) has an important role in the mortality and morbidity of neonates and the incidence of LBW may vary across different environments. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and some related factors of LBW in Mazandaran province, Northern Iran.Methods: In this longitudinal study, all live births that were born in 5 maternity hospitals in Mazandaran province, north of Iran in 2011, were evaluated. Data including birth weight, sex, maternal age, gesta...

Mohammad Khorshidi; Peyvand Nooshirvanpour; Siamak Najafi

2013-01-01

83

The Mycetophagidae (Coleoptera) of the Maritime Provinces of Canada  

OpenAIRE

The Mycetophagidae (hairy fungus beetles) of the Maritime Provinces of Canada are surveyed. Seven species in the genera Mycetophagus, Litargus, and Typhaea are found in the region. Six new provincial records are reported including Mycetophagus punctatus and Mycetophagus flexuosus, whichare newly recorded in the Maritime Provinces. The distribution of all species is mapped, colour habitus photographs of all species are figured, and an identification key to species is provided. The dis...

Christopher Majka

2010-01-01

84

Parasitic Infections of Free –Range Chickens from Golestan Province, Iran  

OpenAIRE

"nBackground: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, intensity, and species of internal and external parasites of native fowls from Golestan Province, north of Iran. "nMethods: During 2007, different organs of 26 and 24  adult female native fowls  collected   from hu­mid parts (Gorgan, Kord Kooy, Ramian and Bandar Gaz) and dry regions  (Gonbad Kavoos, and Ban­dar Torkaman) of Golestan Province,  respectively were searched for parasite. Two blood smears taken from each ...

Rahbari, S.; Ghaemi, P.; Eslami, A.

2009-01-01

85

Phlebotominae fauna in the Province of Tucumán, Argentina  

OpenAIRE

American Tegumentary Leishmaniasis is endemic in the province of Tucumán since 1916 where the first Argentinian case of leishmaniasis was reported. An epidemic outbreak took place in the province during 1986-1988, after that the number of cases increased gradually again between 1991-1996. Since October of 1999 sand flies captures were performed at different places associated with current and past transmission or sites identified as risky ones. The collections were carried out with CDC mini l...

Co?rdoba Lanu?s, Elizabeth; Salomo?n, Oscar Daniel

2002-01-01

86

Economic Analysis of Production of Greenhouse Products in Kerman Province  

OpenAIRE

Kerman province is the largest producer of greenhouse cucumber and tomato in Iran. This paper calculates the interest rate of return (IRR) and return period of investment (RPI) in vegetable, cut flowers and strawberry in greenhouse and compares them with vegetable grown outdoors. To do the study, a random sample of 309 farmers was selected in the province of Kerman in 2005. Results showed that IRR for vegetable, cut flowers and strawberry in greenhouse was about 20, 14 and 23 respectively, an...

Mehrabi Basharabadi, H.

2008-01-01

87

Strategies Formulation for Championship Sports In Zanjan Province  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this research is to design and develop strategies of championship sports in Zanjan Province- Iran. Here, the descriptive methodology would be applied based upon the case study. The Statistical population includes the physical education professors, the managers of Physical Education departments, educated coaches and M.A students in the province. The statistical sample encompasses 36 individuals selected totally due to limited Statistical population. To collect the data, we used ...

Nasser Taghibigloo; Mehdi Kohandel; Hossein Darbani; Akbar Heidary

2011-01-01

88

On Promoting the Construction of Model Province of National Rural Informationization in Hubei  

OpenAIRE

The construction of model province of national rural informationization, which needs more departments jointly and participants, is a systematic, socialized major project. Hubei provincial government, standing in the angle of planning the province's economic and social development as a whole, proposes the “one Yuan multi-level” development strategy and it has laid a solid foundation to make Hubei province become the construction pilot provinces of “model province of national rural inform...

Pengfei Zhang; Hongjian Zheng; Lingyun Zhang

2014-01-01

89

Pangasinan province survey for heavy minerals  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Sediment and panned heavy mineral survey were conducted in the province of Pangasinan in Luzon Island for a cumulative period of 1 1/2 months in 1983. A total of 40 stream sediments and 125 panned heavy mineral concentrates were obtained along active rivers and streams draining into the Lingayen Gulf and Luzon Sea. The minus 80 mesh sediment fractions and non-magnetic portions of the heavy minerals were analyzed for total uranium using delayed neutron activation analysis techniques. Results indicated that uranium values ranged from 0.1 ppm to 1.4 ppm and 0.1 ppm to 23.2 ppm for the stream sediments and heavy minerals respectively. The uranium values obtained in the stream sediments were considered to be within the range of the average uranium concentrations in northwestern Luzon. However, uranium values in the heavy minerals, in general, were higher than the values obtained in northwestern Luzon. One uranium anomally area was found in San Carlos. (author)

90

ICT Strategic Planning for Mazandaran Province  

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Full Text Available Today, regarding rapid changes in the environment, any organization, institution or country that overlooks its capabilities, strengths and weaknesses, will face real challenges. Strategic planning in organizations is a common response to these challenges which also facilitate achieving goals in an organization. Today, the importance of ICT is increased, which necessitates ICT strategic planning to use ICT in organizations. So, this study aimed to propose ICT strategic plans for Mazandaran province. For this end, at first using stakeholders' viewpoints, the vision, mission and goals are provided. Then, Internal & External Matrix was suggested and identified factors were ranked using Analytic Network Processing (ANP. Then, concerning strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats, and using SWOT analysis, ICT strategies were provided. Finally, using QSPM matrix, the strategies were ranked. Regarding this ranking, dedicated budget to ICT in governmental organizations, using integration architecture, developing organizational and inter-organizational information systems, developing mechanisms to absorb national and local financial resources for extending ICT infrastructures and finally concerning ICT trainings for managers and people, were in the top of the list.

Mohammad Reza Shojaie

2012-02-01

91

Dinoflagellates of the Trentino Province, Italy  

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Full Text Available The Trentino Province (Italy has more than 320 lakes diverse in size, geological substrate, altitude and trophic status, and representing most physico-chemical types of temperate lakes. A recent research project (SALTO offered the opportunity to study the dinoflagellate flora of 27 of these water bodies representing all lake types. In this paper 34 taxa of dinoflagellates assigned to eight genera (Ceratium, Glenodiniopsis, Glochidinium, Gymnodinium, Gyrodinium, Peridinium, Peridiniopsis and Tovellia in five families (Ceratiaceae, Glenodiniopsidaceae, Gymnodiniaceae, Peridiniaceae and Tovelliaceae and four genera of uncertain collocation (Baldinia, Borghiella, Durinskia and Staszicella are described. Two previously undescribed species and two new combinations are also included. Classification is based in part on Popovsk´y and Pfiester (1990, modified according to the results of recent molecular and ultrastructural analyses. Dinoflagellate taxonomy is currently undergoing extensive revision, and taxonomic decisions in the present article follow the recent orientations in dinoflagellate systematics. The taxonomical issues of the more problematic genera are discussed. Where appropriate, comments on ecological features of the species are also given.

Giovanna FLAIM

2007-08-01

92

[Tungiasis acquired in Chaco Province, Argentina].  

Science.gov (United States)

A four-year old girl and her mother were assisted at the Hospital de Clínicas for 0.7 cm wide papules with a black central core and a white hyperkeratotic halo of fourteen days of development. The girl presented these lesions on the second and fourth toe of one of her feet, and her mother on the ankle. Among the known antecedents were a trip to Chaco Province and their habit of walking barefooted. After the papule incision, both antiseptic treatment and cleaning of the lesion, were performed. The exudate extracted from the wound was sent to the Parasitology laboratory for diagnosis. With low-power amplification (100 X), portions of an arthropod with numerous characteristic Tunga penetrans eggs were identified. The patients received antibiotic therapy and tetanus immunization. Tungiasis, which originated in America, is a cutaneous parasitosis caused by Tunga penetrans. In endemic areas, it is advisable to wear shoes in order to avoid the penetration of the flea into the skin. The presence of this flea should be suspected whenever hyperkeratotic papules with a black central core appear, mainly in the sub and periungual areas, soles, ankles and/or heels of the feet. PMID:19831312

Menghi, C I; Comunale, E; Gatta, C L

2009-01-01

93

Bovine trypanosomosis in north province of cameroon  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The results of the examination of 2959 bovine blood samples collected from four divisions of North Province of Cameroon showed a prevalence of 1.72 for T. brucei, 0.98 for T. congolense and 4.03 for T. vivax using parasitological techniques, such as the buffy coat technique (BCT) and the microhaematrocrit centrifugation technique (MHCT). Prevalence rates in tsetse infested areas were higher than in tsetse free areas for T. brucei and T. congolense, but not for T. vivax. The Antigen ELISA was used to detect trypanosomal antigens in serum samples of a subset of the same animals. By using the Ag-ELISA many more animals were detected positive for T. brucei and T. vivax, but not for T. congolense, than when just the two parasitological techniques were used. As a matter of fact 90% of the T. brucei infections were detected by the Ag-ELISA and 10% by using either the BCT or the MHCT. (author).6 refs, 5 figs, 6 tabs

94

Low Incidence of Colorectal Cancer in Kerman Province, Iran  

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Full Text Available ackground: In Iran colorectal cancer (CRC incidence varies among various places. But we do not have any validate data that deeply explored the difference of CRC in Kerman province by national average. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of colon cancer within a 12-year period in Kerman province and to find whether the incidence of CRC in Kerman compared with the total incidence found in Iran. Methods: Data on colorectal cancer was collected from all histopathology departments around the Kerman Province during 1991 – 2002 retrospectively. The crude and age-standardized incidence rates per 1 million populations were calculated based on the 1996 census data and the population growth rate. Results: During this study total number of 551 new cases of colorectal cancer in Kerman province had been diagnosed. Age St andardized Rate of colon cancer in males and females were 50 (95% CI: 44 -56 and 53 (95% CI: 46-59 cases per 1,000,000 population per year, respectively . The risk ratio in females relative to males was not significant in any type of colon cancer. We did not find any difference for each year during the entire study period. Conclusion: The ASR of colorectal cancer in Kerman province was quite lower than the average rate in the whole country. This study showed that, the risk of acquiring colon cancer was constant. We concluded that the risk of colorectal cancer in Kerman province was much lower than the entire country.

Haghdoost AA

2011-02-01

95

Report on intercomparison run A-9/1 for the determination of 89Sr, 90Sr and 137Cs in liquid milk (1979-1980)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To provide laboratories dealing with the determination of radionuclides in milk with an opportunity of checking their analytical performance, participants were asked to determine 89Sr, 90Sr and 137Cs at the nCi/1 level in simulated milk samples. Although 32 laboratories participated in this intercomparison not all of them determined all 3 radionuclides. A total of 95 laboratory means, based on 381 individual results, were reported. The ''true'' (input) values after dilution to 5 litres (details of the procedure, etc. are given) were 1.524+-0.049 nCi.1 for 89Sr, 0.874+-0.019 nCi/1 for 90Sr, and 1.044+-0.021 nCi/1 for 137Cs. The uncertainties of these values are the sums of the systematic and the statistical uncertainties (confidence level 99%). The results of the determination of 90Sr, the most important radionuclide for radiation protection and the most difficult to determine, seem to be somewhat more accurate than obtained previously (1975 and 1976). The methods of determining 90Sr in milk are appear generally quite reliable. However, more effort would seem needed to increase the accuracy of the determination of 90Sr and 137Cs in milk at these activity levels

96

Resource assessment of low- and moderate-temperature geothermal waters in Calistoga, Napa County, California. Report of the second year, 1979-1980  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Phase I studies included updating and completing the USGS GEOTHERM file for California and compiling all data needed for a California Geothermal Resources Map. Phase II studies included a program to assess the geothermal resource at Calistoga, Napa County, California. The Calistoga effort was comprised of a series of studies involving different disciplines, including geologic, hydrologic, geochemical and geophysical studies.

Youngs, L.G.; Bacon, C.F.; Chapman, R.H.; Chase, G.W.; Higgins, C.T.; Majmundar, H.H.; Taylor, G.C.

1980-11-10

97

Routine practice in the diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the stomach: a survey of tumours diagnosed in the Portsmouth and Oxford Health Districts 1979-1980.  

OpenAIRE

If the poor prognosis for patients with adenocarcinoma of the stomach is to be improved, it is important to make the diagnosis at an early stage. In order to evaluate our routine diagnostic practice, we have performed a retrospective study of patients in the Portsmouth and Oxford Health Districts who were diagnosed as having adenocarcinoma of the stomach during 1979 and 1980. Three hundred and forty-two patients were identified; the great majority had advanced disease at the first presentatio...

Deakin, M.; Colin-jones, D. G.; Vessey, M. P.

1988-01-01

98

Epidemiology of cancer in Mazandaran province 2006  

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Full Text Available (Received 11 April, 2009 ; Accepted 8 July, 2009AbstractBackground and purpose: Cancer is the second most common cause of death in developed countries and third in less developed countries. The incidence of the different histological types of cancer varies greatly between various populations and is attributed to occupational, social, cultural, racial, and geographic influences. The objective of this study was to determine and register all cases of cancer among population of Mazandaran province, during the year of ????.Materials and methods: Characteristics of all registered malignancies were obtained from records in histopathology and radiology clinical, hospitals and deaths certificated in Mazandaran using the International Classification of Disease (ICD, with data being analyzed using ASR, Excel and spss soft ware.Results: A total of ?.??? patients with cancers were found during this study. These, ?.??????.???? were males and ?.??? (??.??%? females. Age standardized rate (ASR for all cancers in males and females were ?1?.????????? and ???.????????? Respectively. The most common malignancies among females were breast (??.????? skin (??.????, colon and rectum cancers (??.????.In men, stomach (42.41??, skin (??.???? and esophagus (?.???? were the most common cancers respectively. Infiltrating duct carcinoma, was the most common histopathological types of tumors (69.???? in breast cancer. The most common morphology in stomach cancer was adenocarcinoma, (??.????.Conclusion: Distribution of malignant disorders in our population is different from other regions. Therefore, it appears necessary to have a valid health policy for prevention. Consequently, it is necessary to have a valid health policy for prevention and control of this problem.Key words: J Mazand Univ Med Sci 2009; 19(72: 61-65 (Persian.

Faezeh Norouzi Nejad1

2009-01-01

99

Nitrate Concentration in Groundwater in Isfahan Province  

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Full Text Available In recent decades, the use of nitrogen fertilizers has increased irrespective of their effects on soil properties, agricultural products and, particularly, on environmental pollution. Nitrate easily leaches from soils into groundwater. The objective of this study was to determine temporal and spatial nitrate concentrations in groundwater in agricultural, industrial and urban regions in some parts of Isfahan Province. Water samples were collected monthly from 75 agricultural, industrial, and urban wells of Isfahan, Najaf-abad, Shahreza, Natanz and Kashan during January-May 2001. The results indicated that NO3-N concentrations in most of the regions studied were higher than the standard level (10 mg/l and nitrate pollution must be reckoned among the most serious problems of sustainable agriculture and exploitation of groundwater resources. Average NO3-N concentration in different wells ranged from 1.03 to 50.78 mg/l (4.64 to 228.5 mg/l as nitrate. The average NO3-N concentration in groundwater of Najaf-abad, Shahreza, Isfahan and Natanz-Kashan was 17.56, 14.6, 16.04, and 8.24 mg/l and 95.5, 100, 84 and 33.3 % of total wells in these regions had nitrate concentrations above the standard level, respectively. Maximum NO3-N concentration was detected in the agricultural region south of Najaf-abad (64.6 mg/l. Nitrate pollution in most of the sampling areas was mainly linked to agricultural activities. The average NO3-N concentration in groundwater of all agricultural, industrial, and urban regions, except for urban regions of Natanz and Kashan, were above the standard level. Generally, nitrate concentration level in groundwater increased with time and was maximum in March and April.

S. F. Mousavi

2004-10-01

100

Strategies Formulation for Championship Sports In Zanjan Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to design and develop strategies of championship sports in Zanjan Province- Iran. Here, the descriptive methodology would be applied based upon the case study. The Statistical population includes the physical education professors, the managers of Physical Education departments, educated coaches and M.A students in the province. The statistical sample encompasses 36 individuals selected totally due to limited Statistical population. To collect the data, we used library resources, literature and background review,interviews and open as well as closed questionnaires. Having developed the closed questionnaire, we had the validity confirmed by the professors and their reliability wasconfirmed using Cronbach alpha Coefficient (a=0/94. For research findings analysis purpose, Friedman test and group discussion were taken into account. After identifying the most important strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats in the field of championship sport and ranking them in the existing order, we selected most important ones through group discussion. Based upon the internal factors evaluation matrix (2/30 and external factors evaluation matrix (2/38, it was shown that the strategic position of the province is in WT area. Finally, regarding the research findings, specifically, the strategic status of the province, we would develop the necessary strategies for the championship sport development in theprovince through group discussion with the province authorities and elites.

Nasser Taghibigloo

2011-08-01

101

Hydrocarbon provinces and productive trends in Libya and adjacent areas  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

According to the age of major reservoirs, hydrocarbon occurrences in Libya and adjacent areas can be grouped into six major systems which, according to their geographic locations, can be classified into two major hydrocarbon provinces: (1) Sirte-Pelagian basins province, with major reservoirs ranging from middle-late Mesozoic to early Tertiary, and (2) Murzog-Ghadames basins province, with major reservoirs ranging from early Paleozoic to early Mesozoic. In the Sirte-Pelagian basins province, hydrocarbons have been trapped in structural highs or in stratigraphic wedge-out against structural highs and in carbonate buildups. Here, hydrocarbon generation is characterized by the combined effect of abundant structural relief and reservoir development in the same hydrocarbon systems of the same age, providing an excellent example of hydrocarbon traps in sedimentary basins that have undergone extensive tensional fracturing in a shallow marine environment. In the Murzog-Ghadames basins province, hydrocarbons have been trapped mainly in structural highs controlled by paleostructural trends as basement arches which acted as focal points for oil migration and accumulation.

Missallati, A.A. (Agip (N.A.M.E.)Ltd., Tripoli (Libya))

1988-08-01

102

Fire Behavior in Pelalawan Peatland, Riau Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available During dry season it is easily recognized that smoke will emerge at certain place both in Sumatra and Kalimantan that is in peatland. The worst situation occurred when fire burnt buried log in the logged over area where the fire fighter did not have any experience and knowledge on how to work with fire in peatland. Finally it had been found that one of the reasons why firefighter failed to fight fire in peatland is because they do not have any knowledge and experience on it. In order to know the fire behavior characteristics in different level of peat decomposition for fire management and sustainable management of the land for the community, research done in Pelalawan area, Riau Province, Indonesia, during dry season 2001. Three level of peat decomposition named Sapric, Hemic, and Fibric used. To conduct the research, two 400 m2 of plot each was established in every level of the peat decomposition. Burning done three weeks following slashing, cutting and drying at different time using circle method. During burning, flame length, rate of the spread of fire, flame temperature and following burning fuel left and the depth of peat destruction were measured. Results of research shown that in sapric site where sapric 2 has fuel load 9 ton ha-1 less than sapric 1, fire behavior was significantly different while peat destructed was deepest in sapric 2 with 31.87 cm. In hemic site where hemic 2 has fuel load 12.3 ton ha-1 more than hemic 1, fire behavior was significantly different and peat destructed deeper than hemic 1 that was 12.6 cm. In fibric site where fibric 1 has fuel load 3.5 ton ha-1 more than fibric 1, fire behavior was significantly different that has no burnt peat found. This results found that the different fuel characteristics (potency, moisture, bed depth, and type at the same level of peat decomposition will have significantly different fire behavior as it happened also on the depth of peat destruction except fibric. The same condition occurred in the fire behavior at different level of peat decomposition.

BAMBANG HERO SAHARJO

2006-01-01

103

Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones. Part III. Ilam Province.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Seven species of scorpions belonging to three families have been previously recorded from the Ilam Province of Iran: Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807, Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905, Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880, Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889, Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903, Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900, and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861. Collections made by a team organized by Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran reveal seven other species recorded from the province for the first time: Apistobuthus susanae Lourenço, 1998, Buthacus macrocentrus (Ehrenberg, 1828, Compsobuthus jakesi Kova?ík, 2003, Odontobuthus bidentatus Lourenço et Pézier, 2002, Orthochirus iranus Kova?ík, 2004, Polisius persicus Fet, Capes et Sissom, 2001, and Vachoniolus iranus Navidpour, Kova?ík, Soleglad et Fet, 2008. Also presented is a key to all species of scorpions found in the province.

Navidpour, S.

2008-06-01

104

Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones. Part VI. Lorestan Province.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Ten species of scorpions belonging to three families are reported from the Lorestan Province of Iran. Of these, five species are recorded from the province for the first time: Hottentotta zagrosensis Kova?ík, 1997; Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889; Orthochirus iranus Kova?ík, 2004; Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903; and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900. One new species is described, Hottentotta lorestanus sp. n.; it can be easily distinguished from the other four species of the genus known from Iran by its coloration; it is the only Iranian species which has the entire pedipalps yellow and the metasomal segments I to IV greenish gray. Also presented is a key to all species of scorpions found in the province.

Navidpour, Shakhrokh

2010-06-01

105

The Mycetophagidae (Coleoptera of the Maritime Provinces of Canada  

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Full Text Available The Mycetophagidae (hairy fungus beetles of the Maritime Provinces of Canada are surveyed. Seven species in the genera Mycetophagus, Litargus, and Typhaea are found in the region. Six new provincial records are reported including Mycetophagus punctatus and Mycetophagus flexuosus, whichare newly recorded in the Maritime Provinces. The distribution of all species is mapped, colour habitus photographs of all species are figured, and an identification key to species is provided. The discussion notes that four of the species found in the region are apparently rare, possibly due to the history of forest management practices in the region; a situation similar to that of a significant proportion of other saproxylic beetles found in the Maritime Provinces.

Christopher Majka

2010-10-01

106

An Evaluation of Meteorological Drought in Fars Province  

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Full Text Available Drought can occur at such times when variables such as rainfall depth, run-off, soil moisture, etc. show a deficiency, or variables such as temperature show an increase, or when ground water level shows a decrease in comparison with the average level. Therefore, drought can be evaluated with respect to agricultural, meteorological, or hydrological variability. In this research, considering the meteorological aspects, the method by Herbst et al., later modified by Mohan and Rangacharia, was applied in drought evaluation in Fars Province, Iran. Monthly rainfall measurements over a period of 21 years for 51 stations obtained from Fars Regional Water Board, were used in the analysis. Maps showing lines of iso-duration and iso-intensity lines were developed for the province. Based on the results, northeast, southeast, south, and southwestern parts of the province have the highest potential for being affected by drought events.

A.R. Sepaskhah

2002-01-01

107

A Low-Li Geochemical Province in the NE Atlantic  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Lithium was analysed in 392 basalts and related igneous rocks from the North Atlantic Tertiary-Recent province using activation analysis and C?erenkov counting. Monotonous Li values of 5.5±2 ppm in NE Atlantic basalts define a low-Li geochemical province which has persisted for 60 million years, over 20° of latitude and regardless of basalt type and chemistry. This low-Li province and the increasing Li contents of ocean-ridge tholeiites into the S Atlantic are believed to monitor Li heterogeneity in the underlying mantle. Li, like Na, increases gently during the differentiation of several basalt series. No whole-rock coherence is observed between Li and Mg, K, Rb or Ca. Mantle phlogopite is considered to play an insignificant ro?le in controlling the Li levels of NE Atlantic basalts.

Bailey, J. C.; Gwozdz, R.

1978-01-01

108

The Subfamily Culicinae (Diptera: Culicidae in Kerman Province, Southern Iran  

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Full Text Available There are some arboviral and parasitic diseases which are transmitted by culicine mosquitoes in Iran. Three genera and eleven species of the subfamily Culicinae (Diptera: Culicidae were collected by dipping method and identified in Kahnooj district, Kerman province, south-eastern Iran, during October and November, 2003 including; Culex (Culex bitaeniorhynchus, Cx. (Maillotia deserticola, Cx. (Cux. laticinctus, Cx. (Cux. perexiguus, Cx. (Cux. pipiens, Cx.(Cux. quin- quefasciatus, Cx.(Cux. sinaiticus, Cx.(Cux. theileri, Cx.(Cux. tritaeniorhynchus, Culiseta (Allotheobaldia longiareolata, and Uranotaenia (Pseudoficalbia unguiculata. In this study, Ur.unguiculata was identified in Kerman province for the first time. Fauna and ecology of Culicinae need more investigations in this province.

S Azari-Hamidian

2005-08-01

109

The application of environmental certification to the Province of Siena.  

Science.gov (United States)

The SPIn-Eco project has provided very broad and precise data collection regarding the Province of Siena. These data and their elaborations have also been developed as a basis for the environmental certification of this organization. In this way, the Administration of the Province of Siena (the first Province in Italy) has reached its goal of obtaining better knowledge of the state of the system and of constructing its environmental management system (EMS) according to the environmental aspects directly and indirectly arising from the organization's activities. Indirect aspects are mainly related to the territorial monitoring and planning. Indicators based on the classical pressure-state-response approach, as well as more complex ones based on CO(2) balance, emergy and ecological footprint analyses, have been used to assess the environmental performance of the EMS. This paper presents how this EMS is constructed, as well as the indicators that are used to analyze the system, paying particular attention to sustainability indicators. PMID:17064839

Ridolfi, R; Andreis, D; Panzieri, M; Ceccherini, F

2008-01-01

110

The mycetophagidae (coleoptera) of the maritime provinces of Canada.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Mycetophagidae (hairy fungus beetles) of the Maritime Provinces of Canada are surveyed. Seven species in the genera Mycetophagus, Litargus, and Typhaea are found in the region. Six new provincial records are reported including Mycetophagus punctatus and Mycetophagus flexuosus, whichare newly recorded in the Maritime Provinces. The distribution of all species is mapped, colour habitus photographs of all species are figured, and an identification key to species is provided. The discussion notes that four of the species found in the region are apparently rare, possibly due to the history of forest management practices in the region; a situation similar to that of a significant proportion of other saproxylic beetles found in the Maritime Provinces. PMID:21594022

Majka, Christopher G

2010-01-01

111

Present-day stress orientations and tectonic provinces of the NW Borneo collisional margin  

Science.gov (United States)

Borehole failure observed on image and dipmeter logs from 55 petroleum wells across the NW Borneo collisional margin were used to determine maximum horizontal stress (?H) orientations; combined with seismic and outcrop data, they define seven tectonic provinces. The Baram Delta-Deepwater Fold-Thrust Belt exhibits three tectonic provinces: its inner shelf inverted province (?H is NW-SE, margin-normal), its outer shelf extension province (?H is NE-SW, margin-parallel), and its slope to basin floor compression province (?H is NW-SE, margin-normal). In the inverted province, ?H reflects inversion of deltaic normal faults. The ?H orientations in the extension and compression provinces reflect deltaic gravitational tectonics. The shale and minibasin provinces have been recognized in offshore Sabah. In the shale province, ?H is N010°E, which aligns around the boundary of a massif of mobile shale. Currently, no data are available to determine ?H in the minibasin province. In the Balingian province, ?H is ESE-WNW, reflecting ESE absolute Sunda plate motions due to the absence of a thick detachment seen elsewhere in NW Borneo. The Central Luconia province demonstrates poorly constrained and variable ?H orientations. These seven provinces result from the heterogeneous structural and stratigraphic development of the NW Borneo margin and formed due to complex collisional tectonics and the varied distribution and thicknesses of stratigraphic packages.

King, Rosalind C.; Tingay, Mark R. P.; Hillis, Richard R.; Morley, Christopher K.; Clark, James

2010-10-01

112

The geology of the Litchfield province, N.T  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Litchfield province is herein defined as the westernmost outcropping unit of the Pine Creek Geosyncline extending from the Giant's Reef Fault at about longitude 130050'E westerly to the edge of the Bonaparte Gulf basin. The northern half of the province has been remapped using company drillhole data and a Bureau of Mineral Resources air magnetic-radiometric survey. Five areas have been found to be entirely granitoid, garnetiferous and gneissic in part, with composition in the range adamellite to granodiorite. A single Rb/Sr age of about 1800 m.y. has been published. The granitoid margins are migmatised and transitional into large areas of metasediments, varying in metamorphic grade from greenschist (fine grained chloritic graphitic schist) to upper amphibolite/granulite grade (course grained quartz - feldspar gneiss). The regional strike is northerly to northwesterly, and these metasediments are thought to merge into the Burrell Creek Formation beyond the border of the province. Two periods of metamorphism affected the Litchfield province metasediments, but only one phase can be detected in the granitoids, thus these are assumed to be younger, probably formed during the 1800 m.y. orogenesis known elsewhere in the Geosyncline. Minor areas of unmetamorphosed gabbro, dolerite and quartz-diorite occur, probably of Middle Proterozoic age. Cover rocks include quartz sandstones of the Middle Proterozoic Moyle River Formation and Depot Creek Sandstone, and Cambmation and Depot Creek Sandstone, and Cambro-Ordovician sandstones of the Daly River Basin. The formation boundaries in the Litchfield province are not particularly confused or complicated, nor are the igneous lithologies particularly diverse. There is no evidence for an Archaean age for the part of the Litchfield province north of the Daly River, and it is thus proposed that the term 'Litchfield Complex' should be abandoned. (author)

113

??????????? Analytical Investigation of New Energy Power Generation in Yunnan Province  

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Full Text Available ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? Facing the increasingly serious problems of environmental pollution and resource depletion, new energy power generation which is economic and environmental attracts more and more attention of us. Yunnan Province has huge reserves of new energy, such as wind, solar, biomass, and shale gas, and its potential development is considerable. This paper analyzes the problems of new energy development in Yunnan Province from two aspects: advantages and challenges in the development of new energy, and introduces a kind of wind-light-storage complementary system which is suitable for the characteristics of Yunnan power grid.

???

2013-08-01

114

Females’ esophagus cancer incidence in Golestan Province, Iran (2004)  

OpenAIRE

Esophagus cancer is one of the most common cancers in women and therefore represents a major problem in public health. The main aim of this study was to find and describe province-specific estimates of incidence in females by age groups for esophagus cancer. The data used in this study were collected in a cancer registry that was conducted by Health Deputy of Golestan province for a period of 1 year (2004). The age distribution was collected according to the following age strata: 0-4, 5-9, 10...

Dr. Seyyed Mehdi Sedaghat; Dr. Shahriyar Semnani; Mohammad Javad Kabir; Dr. Abdoljalal Marjani; Mr. Abbas Moghaddami

2008-01-01

115

Note on Cladonia species (lichenized Ascomycota from Ardahan province (Turkey  

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Full Text Available This paper is the first report on Cladonia species from Ardahan, a north-eastern province of Turkey. A circumpolar boreal-low arctic species, Cladonia acuminata, rarely reported from Asia, and the recently described Cladonia monomorpha are reported as new for Turkey. Their detailed descriptions and taxonomical remarks are provided. Localities of other ascertained Cladonia species in the province supplement the knowledge of their distribution patterns in the country. In addition, the typically corticolous/lignicolous species Vulpicida pinastri is mentioned as also growing on primary squamules and podetia of C. pyxidata.

Piotr Osyczka

2011-03-01

116

Suicide and unemployment: a panel analysis of Canadian provinces.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to investigate the causal relationship between suicide and unemployment. We use panel data from Canadian provinces and use recent panel econometric techniques to account for endogenous structural breaks in both the unit root and cointegration testing procedures in order to account for statistical specification issues. We find that the relationship between unemployment and suicide is context dependent. We do find positive and statistically significant relationships, but only for males in particular provinces. The relationship between unemployment and suicide is not monolithic. Rather, relationships are not always as expected for different demographic groups and all places. PMID:24579917

Jalles, João Tovar; Andresen, Martin A

2014-01-01

117

RTG resource book for western states and provinces: Final proceedings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Western Interstate Energy Board held a workshop and liaison activities among western states, provinces, and utilities on the formation of Regional Transmission Groups (RTGs). Purpose of the activities was to examine the policy implications for western states and provinces in the formation of RTGs in the West, the implications for western ratepayers and utilities of the RTG formation and potential impacts of RTGs on the western electricity system. The workshop contributed to fulfilling the transmission access and competition objectives of Title VII of the Energy Policy Act of 1992.

NONE

1994-12-31

118

76 FR 80870 - Notice of Determination of Pest-Free Areas in Mendoza Province, Argentina  

Science.gov (United States)

...Pest-Free Areas in Mendoza Province, Argentina AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection...southern half of Mendoza Province in Argentina as pest-free areas for Mediterranean...review of the documentation submitted by Argentina's national plant protection...

2011-12-27

119

Magmatic systems of large continental igneous province  

Science.gov (United States)

Large igneous provinces (LIPs) of the modern type are known from the middle Paleoproterozoic and have a great abundance in the Phanerozoic. The most researches considered their appearance with ascending of the mantle thermochemical superplumes which provided simultaneously eruption of the same type of lavas on the huge territories. Judging on presence among them different subprovinces, formation of concrete magmatic systems were linked with protuberances (secondary plumes) on the superplumes surfaces. We suggest that origin of such plumes was linked with local enrichment of upper part of the superplumes head beneath roofing by fluid components; it led to lowering of the plume material density and initiated ascending of the secondary plumes. As a result, their heads, where partial melting occurred, can reach the level of the upper crust as it follows from absence of lower-crustal rocks among xenoliths in basalts, although mantle xenoliths existed in them. Important feature of LIPs is presence of two major types of mafic lavas: (1) geochemical-enriched alkali Fe-Ti basalts and picrites, and (2) basalts of normal alkalinity (tholeiites) with different contents of TiO2. At that the first type of mafites are usually typical for lower parts of LIPs which initially developed as continental rifts, whereas the second type composed the upper part of the traps' cover. Magmatic systems of the LIPs are subdivided on three levels of different deep: (1) zones of magma generation, (2) areas of transitional magma chambers where large often layered intrusive bodies are formed, and (3) areas on surface where lava eruptions and subvolcanic intrusions occurred. All these levels are linked by feeder dykes. The least known element of the system is area of magma generation, and, especially, composition of melting substratum. Important information about it is contained in aforementioned mantle xenoliths in alkali basalts and basanites. They practically everywhere are represented by two major series: (1) "green" - spinel peridotite (maily lherzolite) and minor spinel pyroxenite (websterites), and (2) "black" - wehrlite, Al-Ti-augite and hornblende clinopyroxenite, hornblendite, etc., and megacrysts of Al-Ti-augite, kaersutite, ilmenite, sanidine, etc. They often contain vesicles which evidence that their crystallization occurred from fluid-saturated melts. The rocks of this series form veins in peridotite matrix. So, two types of material participated in melting process: moderate-depleted peridotites and geochemical-enriched phase - fluid-saturated melts or high-density fluid. Because the both types of xenoliths are fragments of upper cooled rim of mantle plume head above magma-generation zone, we suggest that they together represent material, which composed plume head and accordingly - the melting substratum. At that the fluid phase exactly provided specific composition of basaltic melts at the initial stages of LIPs development, typical for intraplate settings. The middle level of magmatic systems is represented by transitional magmatic chambers (now large layered mafic-ultramafic intrusions), where newly-formed magmas were accumulated, undergone by crystallizing differentiation, mixing and crustal contamination. Such transformed in a variable degree magmas continued their way to surface led to general diversity of magmatic rocks, erupted on the surface; contribution of subvolcanic magmatic chambers was, probably, small. So, systematic study of processes in LIPs' magmatic systems as a whole can help to reveal processes of primary magmas transformation and thereby to determine their initial composition and source material.

Sharkov, Evgenii

2014-05-01

120

Research on the Effects of Logistics Industry on Economic Growth in Jilin Province in China  

OpenAIRE

This paper constructs the econometrical model of the relationship between economic growth and logistics industry in Jilin province, analyzes quantitative relation between economic growth and logistics industry in Jilin province, measures the contribution of logistics industry on economic growth in Jilin province. The results show the status of logistics industry in economic development in Jilin province. The conclusions will supply some necessary proposals for decision-making of the ...

Shao, Yang; Zheng, Jianguo

2011-01-01

121

75 FR 36347 - Determination of Pest-Free Areas in Mendoza Province, Argentina; Request for Comments  

Science.gov (United States)

...Determination of Pest-Free Areas in Mendoza Province, Argentina; Request for Comments...Central Oases in the southern half of Mendoza Province as an area that is free of Medfly...Central Oases in the southern half of Mendoza Province meet the criteria of Sec....

2010-06-25

122

Ore-controlling factors and prospecting potential of volcanic type uranium deposit in Zhejiang Province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Zhejiang Province is one of the important uranium metallogenic provinces in China, based on the geological setting on uranium metallogenesis in Zhejiang Province, the geological features and ore-controlling factors on volcanic type uranium deposit are discussed, prospecting potential areas of volcanic type uranium deposit are summarized and proposed. (author)

123

Studies on possibility of building radiation centre in Hunan Province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Hunan province is rich in agriculture products and their by-products. The processing and preservation of those products after porduction is an urgent problem to solve. However, radiation techniques can solve the problem of the processing and preservation of part of those products which can not be solved by normal ways. Only in Changsha area, the products such as leather and their products, dried and fresh fruit, medical equipments, industrial chemicals and so on, which can be provided to irradiate, weigh over 1 x 105 tons a year. In order to advance the research and application of radiation techniques in the province, over 40 units have been investigated in the province and other provinces. Since 1983, six informal discussions or demonstration meetings were held. 15 pieces of various reports and materials have been put forward. The necessity, possibility, size, place, development aim and united research of building a radiation centre have been scientificly demonstrated and a certain basis have been provided for building radiation centre

124

Identifying Sensitive Issues in Education in Limpopo Province, South Africa  

Science.gov (United States)

Researchers in the social sciences generally encounter problems in getting information when dealing with topics that are regarded as sensitive in school management. Principals regard certain issues as sensitive, and find it difficult to discuss them with researchers. We report on an investigation into such sensitive issues in Limpopo province,…

Kutame, Azwidohwi Philip; Mulaudzi, Muofhe Peter

2010-01-01

125

Radon concentrations in well water in Sichuan Province, China  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

There are 110 million people in Sichuan Province, China. Although most of the people in cities of Sichuan use river water, which contains low levels of radon, as potable water, people in countryside and in some communities of big cities still use well water as domestic consumption. This paper reports the radon concentrations in well water investigated in four cities, i.e. Chengdu, Chongqing, Leshan and Leijiang in Sichuan Province. Of the 80 wells investigated, the radon concentrations range from 3.5 to 181.6 KBqm-3. Of the four cities, Chongqing has the highest well water radon concentration with the average 49.6 ± 54.1 KBqm-3 and the greatest variation. The investigation in four cities showed that the radon concentrations in well water are much higher than that in tap-water. In Chongqing where there are complex geological structures, mainly granite stratum, for example, the average radon concentration in well water is 112 times higher than that in the tap-water, and even much higher than that in river water in Yangtse River, Jialing River, Jinsha River and Mingjiang River. The population in four cities is about one sixth of the total population in Sichuan Province. Because of the common use of well water and the high radon concentrations in well water in Sichuan Province, the health effect of radon in well water to the public should be stressed. (author)

126

Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones. Part VII. Kerman Province.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Thirteen species of scorpions belonging to two families are reported from the Kerman Province of Iran. Of these, the species Compsobuthus kaftani Kova?ík, 2003, Mesobuthus macmahoni (Pocock, 1900, Orthochirus farzanpayi (Vachon et Farzanpay, 1987, Polisius persicus Fet, Capes et Sissom, 2001, Sassanidotus gracilis (Birula, 1900, and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861 are recorded from the province for the first time. Kerman Province contains type localities of six species of scorpions, of which Kraepelinia palpator (Birula, 1903 and Orthochirus gruberi Kova?ík et Fet, 2006 are valid. Prionurus crassicauda orientalis Birula, 1900 is a synonym of Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807, Buthus eupeus kirmanensis Birula, 1900 and Buthus pachysoma Birula, 1900 are probably synonyms of Mesobuthus eupeus persicus (Pocock, 1899, and Buthus gabrielis Werner, 1929, according to published information and occurrences near the type locality, probably is a synonym of Sassanidotus gracilis (Birula, 1900. These taxonomic problems are discussed below. Also, Buthus atrostriatus Pocock, 1897 is transferred to genus Compsobuthus. A key to all species of scorpions found in Kerman Province is presented.

Navidpour, S.

2011-11-01

127

Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones. Part I. Khoozestan Province.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Collections made by a team of Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran include 17 of the 19 species known to inhabit Khoozestan Province, and form the basis of this paper. Among them are two new species (Hottentotta khoozestanus sp. n. and Vachoniolus iranus sp. n., Compsobuthus jakesi Kova?ík, 2003 previously known only from Iraq, and five species representing first records for the province: Buthacus macrocentrus (Ehrenberg, 1828; Odontobuthus bidentatus Lourenço & Pézier, 2002; Orthochirus farzanpayi (Vachon et Farzanpay, 1987; Orthochirus stockwelli (Lourenço et Vachon, 1995 comb. n.; and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900. In contrast, Orthochirus zagrosensis Kova?ík, 2004, as described from Khoozestan, stands corrected to Kohkiloye & Boyer Ahmad, Esfahan, Fars, Kerman, and Yazd Provinces. Occurrences of Hottentotta schach (Birula, 1905 and Compsobuthus garyi Lourenço et Vachon, 2001 could not be verified for Khoozestan, but are nevertheless included, and the uncertain taxonomic position of the latter is discussed. A large collection of Orthochirus iranus Kova?ík, 2004 allowed the study of intraspecific variation and resulted in the observation that trichobothrium d2 on the dorsal surface of pedipalp femur may be fully developed, reduced, or absent. Since the presence or absence of trichobothrium d2 is the only character separating Orthochirus Karsch, 1892 from Paraorthochirus Lourenço et Vachon, 1995, it follows that Paraorthochirus is a synonym of Orthochirus, syn. n. Also presented is a key to all species of scorpions found in the province.

Fet, V.

2008-02-01

128

Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part III. Ilam Province.  

OpenAIRE

Seven species of scorpions belonging to three families have been previously recorded from the Ilam Province of Iran: Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807), Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905), Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880), Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889), Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903), Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900), and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861. Collections made by a team organized by Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Rese...

Navidpour, S.; Fet, V.; Kovar?i?k, F.; Soleglad, M. E.

2008-01-01

129

Uranium provinces in relation to metamorphic grade and regional geochemistry  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Uranium concentration/mineralisation occurs in the northern province of the British Caledonides in association with late tectonic granites and Old Red Sandstone molasse facies sediments. Regional geochemical maps are used to investigate variations in uranium levels in the metamorphic basement complex of the province in relation to the original composition, metamorphic grade and migmatisation in lower-middle crustal conditions (granulite-amphibolite-greenschist facies). Particular attention is paid to the relationship between uranium content, calculated heat production and metamorphic grade and correlations between the behaviour of U, LIL, HFS and other trace and major elements are discussed. The primary rock composition up to and including upper amphibolite facies, appears to control uranium distribution on the regional scale. However, large scale regional depletion of uranium occurs in the Archaean basement complex of the Caledonian Province at the upper amphibolite/granulite boundary. The factors controlling uranium depletion at high grades are investigated by detailed whole rock geochemical and mineralogical studies. The results are discussed in relation to the variable uranium content of zircon from different metamorphic grades as shown by other workers. The relative importance of partial melting and fluid phase infiltration to the migration of uranium in metamorphic environments is discussed with particular reference to the identification of uranium provinceshe identification of uranium provinces

130

Petroleum geology and resources of Volga-Urals province, USSR  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Volga-Ural petroleum province generally coincides with the Volga-Ural regional high, a broad upwarp of the east-central part of the Russian (East European) platform. The central part of the province is occupied by the Tatar arch, which contains the major share of the oil fields of the province. The Komi-Perm arch forms the northeastern part of the regional high, and the Zhigulevsko-Pugachev and Orenburg arches make up the southern part. These arches are separated from one another by elongate trenchlike downwarps. The platform sedimentary cover overlies an Archean crystalline basement and consists of seven main sedimentation cycles of late Precambrian through Triassic age. Approximately 600 oil fields and gas fields and 2000 pools have been found in the Volga-Ural province. Nine productive sequences are recognized; these are, in general, the same as the sedimentation cycles, although some subdivisions have been added. The clastic section of Middle and early Late Devonian age contains the major recoverable oil accumulations, including the supergiant Romashkino field. Cumulative production to 1980 is estimated at 30-35 billion bbl of oil equivalent, identified reserves at about 10 billion bbl of oil equivalent, and undiscovered resources at about 7 billion bbl of oil equivalent. Identified reserves of natural gas are estimated at 100 tcf and undiscovered resources at 63 tcf.

Peterson, J.A.; Clarke, J.W.

1986-05-01

131

Malaria Epidemiology in Mersin Province, Turkey from 2002 to 2011  

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Full Text Available Background: Malaria is an infectious disease caused by Plasmodium spp. with high morbidity and mortality in human in tropical and subtropical regions. In recent years, number of malaria cases has been significantly reduced because of fight with the disease in Turkey. This study intended to investigate the malaria epidemiology in Mersin Province from 2002 to 2011 using data from the provincial Public Health Directorate.Methods: Over ten years, 303573 blood samples were taken from the people by active and passive surveillance methods and blood smears were prepared. Smears were stained with Giemsa and examined under the microscope.Results: Totally, 73 people including 44 male and 29 female were positive in terms of Plasmodium spp. It was determined that P. vivax observed in 67 cases while P. falciparum in 6 cases. Cases were mainly observed in 15 to 44 years old range, showed an increase between June-September periods and a significant decrease after 2006. Out of the 73 malaria cases, 54 cases were from Mersin Province and 13 cases were imported from another province of Turkey. Six cases were transmitted from abroad.Conclusion: These results provide information about malaria epidemiology in an endemic area in Turkey and contribute its prevention in Mersin Province

M F AYDIN

2013-06-01

132

Academic Libraries in Sichuan Province: An American Librarian's Perspective.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes an exchange program between academic libraries in Sichuan Province and Washington State University, and discusses the Chinese approach to academic librarianship in the areas of management and personnel, access and circulation, automation, reference services, collection development and censorship, and library facilities. (CLB)

Nofsinger, Mary M.

1988-01-01

133

Ulster: Radical Aid Plan for a Ravaged Province.  

Science.gov (United States)

A working party of the Northern Ireland Department of Education has proposed a deluxe version of the Youth Opportunities Programme for the province, to reorganize secondary education and insure the right to continuous education or job training with full financial support up to age 18. (Author/SJL)

Jackson, Mark

1978-01-01

134

Child Maltreatment among School Children in the Kurdistan Province, Iran  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: This study examines the determinants of three types of child maltreatment: physical maltreatment, mental maltreatment, and child neglect among school children in the Kurdistan Province of Iran. The analysis examines the impact of socioeconomic, familial, demographic, and household dynamic factors on the three child maltreatment…

Stephenson, Rob; Sheikhattari, Payam; Assasi, Nazilla; Eftekhar, Hassan; Zamani, Qasem; Maleki, Bahram; Kiabayan, Hamid

2006-01-01

135

Prevalence of HTLV-1 infection in Golestan Province, Iran  

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Full Text Available Background and objectives: Human T-Lymphocyte Virus-1 (HTLV- 1 is known as the etiologic factor of acute T-Lymphocytic Leukemia (ATL and tropical spastic paralysis. (TSP. Endemic factors causing infection with Human T Lymphocyte Virus-1 (HTLV-1 is based on environmental, socio-economical and health behaviors of the individuals. This virus is well distributed in families with involved members. Golestan province is located in North West part of Northern Khorasan province that had already been known as an endemic area for HTLV-1. This virus is also known as the main etiologic factor for cancers and ATL, therefore; we studied the prevalence of HTLV-1 seroepidemiology in Golestan province. Material and Methods: The subjects selected by cluster sampling were 2034 healthy cases residing in different parts of Golestan province. ELISA method using Dia- pro anti HTLV-1 antibody kits was applied for serological assessment. Western Blot (HTLV BLOT 2.4 was used for confirmation purposes. Results: The subjects aged 38.66±16.54 were 2034 healthy persons. Forty-one point seven of these cases were males and the rest females. Based on ELISA method there were15 HTLV-1 positive cases (0.7%. -1. (0.7% Six out of 15 were confirmed by western blot method (95%, CI: 0.06-0.53%. The highest prevalence sigllificant aiology is in the highat rate in 31-40 year old gro0.7%. onclusion: This study shows that HTLV-1 is prevalent in Golestan the same as the other parts of the world. There fere: we urse on performing screening test (HTLV- on donated blood components before delivering (OK labeling. Key words: HTLV-1, Seroepidemiology, ELISA, Western Blot, Golestan ATL(Acute T lymphocytic Leukemia Six cases out of 15 were confirmed by western blot method (95%, CI: 0.06-0.53%. The highest prevalence was 2.6% seen in Kalaleh city (east part of the province [95%, Cl: 0.06-0.53%. There was significant difference between the prevalence of HTLV-1 and the dwelling place. (p=002. HTLV-1 seroepidemiology was in the highest rate in 31-40 year old group (0.7%. Conclusion: This study shows that HTLV-1 is prevalent in Golestan province, the same as the other parts of the world. Therefore, we recommend performing screening test (HTLV- on donated blood components before delivering (OK labeling. Key words: HTLV-1, Seroepidemiology, ELISA, Western Blot, Golestan province, ATL (Acute T lymphocytic Leukemia

kalavi KH

2008-01-01

136

Esophagus Cancer Incidence among Females in Golestan Province, Iran (2004  

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Full Text Available The main aim of this study was to find and describe province-specific estimates of incidence in females by age groups for esophagus cancer. The data used in this study were collected in a cancer registry that was conducted by Health Deputy of Golestan province for a period of 1 year (2004. The age distribution was collected according to the following age strata: 0-4, 5-9, 10-14, 15-19, 20-24, 25-29, 30-34, 35-39, 40-44, 45-49, 50-54, 55-59, 60-64, 65-69, 70-74, 75-79, 80-84 and 85 above. Esophagus cancer data was identified and collected through the 18 Pathology Laboratory centers (where female populations referred to these centers in Golestan province. A total of 348 primary cancer cases were captured. From these 32 cases was esophagus cancer. There were 26 squomous cell carcinoma (81.25%, 1 adenocarcinoma (3.12%. Esophagus cancer incidence among females in Golestan province was 7.62/100000. But esophagus cancer with the highest ASR: 127.91/100,000 was in age 75-79. The incidence of esophagus cancer in age over 75-79 has risen sharply and it was the lowest in age 30-34 (ASR: 1.68/100,000. For the present time it can be said that esophagus cancer in females appear to be one of the most prevalent and serious type of cancer (especially squomous cell carcinoma in Golestan province and esophagus cancer is rising with ageing.

Abdoljalal Marjani

2008-01-01

137

Epidemiological Features of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Fars Province, Southern Iran  

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Full Text Available Background: To describe the epidemiological features of pediatric visceral leishmaniasis in southern Iran.Methods: This retrospective study was carried out using local hospital records of VL patients from 2001 through 2009. Data such as age, gender, place of residence, clinical signs and symptoms, treatment, history of recurrence were recorded. The collected data were statistically analyzed using SPSS software.Results: A total of 260 cases of VL have been recorded during 2001 to 2009 in south of Iran, based on hospital records. Mean age of patients was 3.5 years with the highest prevalence in 2 years old patients. The diseases have been more common in males (60%. The main clinical signs and symptoms of the patients were fever (96.2%, hepatosplenomegaly (68.8% and abdominal protrusion (71.9%. Most of cases were from Kazeroun County (17.5% in Fars Province followed by Borazjan in Boushehr Province.   Bone marrow aspirations have been performed in 178 of cases and Leishmania amastigotes were detected in only 50 (28.1% cases. Glucantime has been the first drug treatment while 19.3% of cases have been treated with amphotericin B. Mortality rate was 6.2% and children under 1 year old have been the main victim of the disease. Relapse has been noted in 7.3% of patients.Conclusion: VL is still endemic in South of Iran, especially in Fars Province with a noticeable mortality rate. Moreover, cases of the diseases are reporting from neighboring provinces and this might be due to the spreading of the diseases to the adjacent provinces.

MA Ghatee

2012-04-01

138

Seroprevalence of Toxocariasis in Children in East- Azerbaijan Province, Iran  

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Full Text Available Purpose: Toxocariasis is a zoonotic disease caused by the ascarid of dogs and cats, the main representative of which is a Toxocara canis. Distribution of the disease is world wide and is more prevalent in children. The present study was carried out in children of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran, to determine the toxocariasis seropositivity. Material and Methods: For the present seroepidemiological study, blood samples were collected at random from children of all the five districts of the East Azerbaijan Province. A total of 336 children, 187 males and 149 females in age group of 0-15 years were selected for the present study. ELISA was used for detection of IgG antibodies against Toxocara excretory secretary antigen. A questionnaire interview was conducted to obtain the data concerning their age, sex and habits. The particular points in the questionnaire asked were recorded on the format right on the spot. Results: Gender was found to be a significant risk factor for the Toxocara infection in children population. Male children were found more infected (41.71% as compared to females (24.16%. The total seroprevalence of T. canis antibodies in children of East Azerbaijan Province was 29.46 %. The risk factors that were found associated with the infection of toxocariasis in children population of East Azerbaijan Province include family back ground, status of living conditions, awareness, etc. Conclusion: The present study reveals high prevalence of T. canis infection in children of East Azerbaijan Province. It is important to raise the awareness of health professionals, public and educators to the fact that toxocariasis is a public health problem. Health promotion by means of a school based educational approach, diagnosis and continuous programme of treatment are necessary. [Cukurova Med J 2013; 38(4.000: 581-586

Yagoob Garedaghi

2013-08-01

139

Geographic Mapping of Crohn's Disease and Its Relation to Affluence in Jiangsu Province, an Eastern Coastal Province of China  

Science.gov (United States)

Background. Geographical variation in the incidence of Crohn's disease (CD) has been reported in Europe and North American. However, there are no comparable data in mainland China. Methods. We retrospectively identified incident cases of CD patients registered in Jinling hospital during 2003 to 2012. The standardized incidence ratio (SIR) was calculated for each area of Jiangsu province and a thematic map of CD was made according to the local SIR. The association between incidence and local economic status was revealed by correlation between SIR of CD and different local economic indicators. Results. A total of 653 CD patients (male-to-female ratio, 1.8?:?1) from Jiangsu province were included. A steady increase was observed in the number of CD patients over the period of observation. Disease map of SIR showed a pronounced geographic concentration of CD in the south part of Jiangsu province. Spearman correlation analysis showed a positive correlation between local SIR of CD and local economic indicators. Conclusions. There is a marked geographic variability in CD incidence across Jiangsu province. CD incidence in affluent areas seems to be higher than that in less affluent areas. Further multicenter population-based studies are needed to assess the real disease map of CD. PMID:24839438

Hu, Dong; Ren, Jianan; Wang, Gefei; Gu, Guosheng; Liu, Song; Wu, Xiuwen; Chen, Jun; Ren, Huajian; Hong, Zhiwu; Li, Jieshou

2014-01-01

140

Research on the Effects of Logistics Industry on Economic Growth in Jilin Province in China  

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Full Text Available

This paper constructs the econometrical model of the relationship between economic growth and logistics industry in Jilin province, analyzes quantitative relation between economic growth and logistics industry in Jilin province, measures the contribution of logistics industry on economic growth in Jilin province. The results show the status of logistics industry in economic development in Jilin province. The conclusions will supply some necessary proposals for decision-making of the development programming of logistics industry in Jilin province.

Key words: Logistics industry; Economic growth; Econometric model

Yang SHAO

2011-12-01

141

Research and implementation of good agricultural practice for traditional Chinese medicinal materials in Jilin Province, China.  

Science.gov (United States)

Jilin Province is one of the principal production bases of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in China with its typical preponderance in TCM resources, research and development power, and industrialization capacity. The province has 2,790 species of TCM materials in total. Over 20% of the TCM materials in common use are from Jilin Province. The province has established 36 good agricultural practice bases for 22 typical TCMs. The overall situation, in terms of collection, processing, and preparation, and the implementation of good agricultural practice of TCM materials in Jilin Province are summarized. PMID:25379000

Li, Changtian; Yan, Zhengfei; Zhang, Lianxue; Li, Yu

2014-10-15

142

First description of Trypanosoma cruzi human infection in Esmeraldas province, Ecuador  

OpenAIRE

Chagas disease was described in Ecuador in 1930 in the province of Guayas and thereafter in various provinces. Triatomine were reported in the province of Esmeraldas but no human infection has been described. Here we report the first evidence that the disease does exist in the province of Esmeraldas. In indigenous Awá communities located in the northwest jungle of the Esmeraldas province, 144 individuals were tested using ELISA and PCR for T.cruzi of which 5 (3.47%) were positive. Twenty eig...

Guevara, A?ngel; Moreira, Juan; Criollo, Hipatia; Vivero, Sandra; Racines, Marcia; Cevallos, Varsovia; Prandi, Rosanna; Caicedo, Cynthia; Robinzon, Francisco; Anselmi, Mariella

2014-01-01

143

First description of Trypanosoma cruzi human infection in Esmeraldas province, Ecuador.  

Science.gov (United States)

Chagas disease was described in Ecuador in 1930 in the province of Guayas and thereafter in various provinces. Triatomine were reported in the province of Esmeraldas but no human infection has been described. Here we report the first evidence that the disease does exist in the province of Esmeraldas. In indigenous Awá communities located in the northwest jungle of the Esmeraldas province, 144 individuals were tested using ELISA and PCR for T.cruzi of which 5 (3.47%) were positive. Twenty eight triatomine were collected, 27 were Triatoma dispar and 1 Pastrongylus rufotuberculatus, T.cruzi was detected in 11 (42.3%) of 26 insects. PMID:25095872

Guevara, Ángel; Moreira, Juan; Criollo, Hipatia; Vivero, Sandra; Racines, Marcia; Cevallos, Varsovia; Prandi, Rosanna; Caicedo, Cynthia; Robinzon, Francisco; Anselmi, Mariella

2014-01-01

144

Analysis on the Urgency of Environmental Cost Control of Agricultural Product Processing Industry in Jilin Province  

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Full Text Available Jilin Province is an agricultural province and agricultural products processing industry is an important pillar industry of economic development, but because of its particularity of resource endowment such as geographical location and climate conditions, while developing agricultural products processing industry, Jilin Province must control environmental cost, in order to keep the sustainable development of agricultural products processing industry. Only considering fully the sustainability of agricultural products processing industry, its long-term development can be obtained. The article analyzes the resource situation in Jilin Province, discusses the necessity and urgency of developing agricultural products processing industry in Jilin Province.

Chuanlian Song

2011-04-01

145

The Brazil-Angola alkaline - carbonatite province and its main economic aspects  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The principal characteristics of the Brazil-Angola Alkaline Carbonatite Province are defined and described with specific reference to tectonic setting and economic aspects. The economic aspects of the Brazilian uranium deposits are emphasised. The Brazil-Angola Alkaline-Carbonatite Province can be divided into six Brazilian sub-provinces and two Angolan sub-provinces. Correlation between the sub-provinces of Brazil and Angola remains speculative due to the lack of detailed information, especially age determinations on the Angolan rocks. However, an analysis of the tectonic and petrochemical aspects suggests that the two Brazilian sub-provinces situated along the littoral of Rio de Janeiro/ Sao Paulo and around the periphery of the Parana Basin may be more easily comparable to the two Angolan sub-provinces than the remaining four. (Author)

146

Issues Existing in the Capital Market in Jilin Province and Solutions  

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Full Text Available Development of the capital market has attracted external sources of finance to the great extent, promoted Jilin Province to change from an old industrial base to an advanced international manufacturing base and greatly enhanced the overall economic strength of Jilin Province. Nonetheless, considering the current situation, mobility of capital in economy of Jilin Province is not yet strong and insufficient capital is still an impediment to constrain economic and social development of Jilin Province. Through a survey and analysis of the development condition of capital market in Jilin Province, this article expounds the major problems existing in development of capital market in Jilin Province and puts forward solutions for development of capital market in Jilin Province.

Hong Li

2012-02-01

147

Esophagus Cancer Incidence among Females in Golestan Province, Iran (2004)  

OpenAIRE

The main aim of this study was to find and describe province-specific estimates of incidence in females by age groups for esophagus cancer. The data used in this study were collected in a cancer registry that was conducted by Health Deputy of Golestan province for a period of 1 year (2004). The age distribution was collected according to the following age strata: 0-4, 5-9, 10-14, 15-19, 20-24, 25-29, 30-34, 35-39, 40-44, 45-49, 50-54, 55-59, 60-64, 65-69, 70-74, 75-79, 80-84 and 85 abov...

Abdoljalal Marjani; Mohammad Javad Kabir; Shahriyar Semnani; Seyyed Mehdi Sedaghat; Mr. Abbas Moghaddami

2008-01-01

148

Regional ecological risk assessment of selenium in Jilin province, China  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Integrating the biokinetic model of selenium with Monte Carlo analysis, this article carries out a quantitative study on ecological risk assessment in blood selenium levels of residents in Jilin province. The result shows that the established biokinetic model can be employed to predict the blood selenium levels of residents in a region. The predicted average blood selenium is 0.044 ?g/ml and standard deviation is 0.013 ?g/ml. Compared with the determined average blood selenium (0.043 ?g/ml) and standard deviation (0.019 ?g/ml), there was no obvious difference between each other (P>0.05). The predictive risk degree (19.8%) is also similar to that of the Keshan disease occurrence (16.4%) of residents in Jilin province. The advance of the ecological risk assessment model of selenium offers a good example for the study on predictive models of other trace elements in the human body

149

Development of Indicators of Cyberbullying among Youths in Songkhla Province  

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Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to develop indicators and to test the goodness of fit of the structural relationship model of indicators of cyberbullying among youths in Songkhla Province. The study was conducted with 480 youths, and confirmatory factor analysis was performed.The results of the study revealed that the indicators of cyberbullying among youths in Songkhla Province consisted of five factors with twenty-four indicators. The factor with the highest weight was slandering (b=0.90 consisting of five indicators, followed by revealing other people’s personal secrets (b=0.89 consisting of five indicators; identity theft (b=0.88 consisting of five indicators; deleting or blocking others from the group (b=0.65 consisting of four indicators; and flaming (b=0.17 consisting of five indicators. The linear structural model of cyberbullying among youths was in statistically significant congruence with empirical data.

Tanyakorn Tudkuea

2014-06-01

150

Natural Meadows: Development of Ecotourism in Chaiyaphum Province  

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Full Text Available This is a qualitative investigation to assess the current state and development of ecotourism at natural meadows in Chaiyaphum Province, North-eastern Thailand. Research was conducted from October 2012 to October 2013. Data was collected from document study and field research. Tools used for data collection were basic survey, observation, interview and focus group discussion. Results show that there are three categories of meadows in Chaiyaphum: Siam tulip meadows, gustavia meadows and kamang meadows. The level of ecotourism at natural meadows in Chaiyaphum province is good. There are provisions made for tourists in each of the eight categories investigated: food, location, accommodation, safety, transportation, souvenirs, surrounding environment and customs, beliefs and ceremonies.

Tiwaporn Jaroenpon

2014-04-01

151

[Epidemiological survey on Echinococcus infection in animals in Qinghai Province].  

Science.gov (United States)

Parasitological and dissection methods were used to confirm Echinococcus infection and echinococcosis in animals, and to understand the epidemiological situation in final and intermediate animal hosts in Qinghai Province. Three Echinococcus species were found in the Province including E. granulosus, E. multilocularis and E. shiquicus. The prevalence of hydatid disease showed a tendency of increase with an average rate of over 50% in yaks and sheep. Higher prevalence in wild animals as intermediate host was found in the southern plateau, while that in final hosts such as dogs and wolves, the prevalence was higher in the area of Qilian mountain. There is a complex chain of life cycle of the parasites among animals, which poses a threat to the health of human population. Effective measures to control the disease in animals are urgently needed. PMID:18038811

Zhang, Jing-xiao; Wang, Hu

2007-08-01

152

Statistical Analysis of Different Cancers in Kermanshah Province  

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Full Text Available In this study, which was performed in 2007 a statistical investigation has been performed on the occurrence frequency, type of cancer and the relevance of this disease with age and sex in Kermanshah Province. Gathering the information of patient’s medical reports between 2002 and 2006 and analyzing those using SPSS software showed that in this province after skin cancer, bladder cancer has the highest rate of occurrence unlike the world statistics. This analysis indicated that urban cancer rate is nearly twice rural rate and also showed that approximately 60% of infections are spotted among men and 40% among women. However in the age of 17 till 50, women are attacked more than men. The highest shown figures are in men at the age of 70 and women at the age of 60.

M.H. Mirmomeni

2009-01-01

153

Olive Existence in Akhisar District in Manisa Province in Turkey  

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Full Text Available In Turkey which is one of the main olive producing countries in the world, in the Aegean Region some provinces are coming forth in respect of olive existence. Since Akhisar district constitutes half of the olive existence in Manisa province it was found to be worth research. In order to detect olive existence and sector improvement in Akhisar and in selected villages a face to face survey has been held among farmers. Survey results were evaluated by the SPSS programme. At the end of the evaluation it was determined that; there was an increase in lands reserved for olive growing, olive is being preffered against tobacco which is an important agricultural product, farmers are leaning towards the Domat type whose origin is in Akhisar, intensive agricultural techniques are implemented, diseases and harmful activities are at a minimum level in olive groves.

Meltem Sesli

2006-01-01

154

"INVESTIGATION OF PREVALENCE OF BETA THLASSEMIA IN IRANIAN PROVINCES "  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available 14,849 affected cases of beta thalassemia have been registered in 1995 in all provinces of Iran. It is estimated that there are about three million carriers in Iran. The provincial distributions of the affected cases show that the highest incidence in 100 thousand individuals was in Mazandaran (71.29 and Gilan (57.61, respectively, both near the Caspian sea (north, followed by Hormozgan (50.22, Khouzestan (48.79 , Kohkiluyeh & Boyr-Ahmad (48.42, Fars (47 20 (south and the lowest in the north eastern province , Khorassan (1.23 followed by east and west Azerbaijan (2.21 , 2.91 in the north west of Iran.

D.D. Farhud

1997-08-01

155

Demand Response in the West: Lessons for States and Provinces  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

OAK-B135 This paper is submitted in fulfillment of DOE Grant No. DE-FG03-015F22369 on the experience of western states/provinces with demand response (DR) in the electricity sector. Demand-side resources are often overlooked as a viable option for meeting load growth and addressing the challenges posed by the region's aging transmission system. Western states should work together with utilities and grid operators to facilitate the further deployment of DR programs which can provide benefits in the form of decreased grid congestion, improved system reliability, market efficiency, price stabilization, hedging against volatile fuel prices and reduced environmental impacts of energy production. This report describes the various types of DR programs; provides a survey of DR programs currently in place in the West; considers the benefits, drawbacks and barriers to DR; and presents lessons learned and recommendations for states/provinces.

Douglas C. Larson; Matt Lowry; Sharon Irwin

2004-06-29

156

Accounting for variation in wind deployment between Canadian provinces  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Wind energy deployment varies widely across regions and this variation cannot be explained by differences in natural wind resources alone. Evidence suggests that institutional factors beyond physical wind resources can influence the deployment of wind energy systems. Building on the work of , this study takes a historical institutionalist approach to examine the main factors influencing wind energy deployment across four Canadian provinces Canada: Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario and Nova Scotia. Our case studies suggest that wind energy deployment depends upon a combination of indirect causal factors-landscape values, political and social movements, government electricity policy, provincial electricity market structure and incumbent generation technologies and direct causal factors-grid architecture, ownership patterns, renewable incentive programs, planning and approvals processes and stakeholder support and opposition. - Research highlights: {yields} Examines the reasons for variations in wind deployment between Canadian provinces. {yields} Employs a historical institutional approach to the analysis. {yields} Discusses social factors that affect wind deployment across Canadian jurisdictions.

Ferguson-Martin, Christopher J. [Environmental and Resource Studies, Trent University, 1600 West Bank Drive, Peterborough, Ontario, K7J 7B8 (Canada); Hill, Stephen D., E-mail: stephenhill@trentu.c [Environmental and Resource Studies, Trent University, 1600 West Bank Drive, Peterborough, Ontario, K7J 7B8 (Canada)

2011-03-15

157

Benthic foraminifera of the Panamanian Province: distribution and origins.  

Science.gov (United States)

Two hundred twenty-nine species of benthic foraminifera have been identified from 96 stations representing 33 localities on the eastern Pacific inner continental shelf, ranging from southern Peru to northern Baja California. Their distributions mark nearshore provincial boundaries that are nearly identical with those previously documented from the distribution of ostracodes and molluscs. Thirteen species are characteristic of the Panamanian Province, one is characteristic of the Chilean-Peruvian Province, and one is characteristic of the newly proposed Sonoran Subprovince. Seventeen species (7%) appear to be endemic to the eastern Pacific. Fifty-eight (25%) of the species recognized are disjunct from population centers in the western Pacific, 134 species (59%) are disjunct from modern assemblages of the Atlanto-Carribean region, and 40 species (17%) are disjunct from both the western Pacific and the Atlanto-Caribbean. The distribution of the remaining 57 species (25%) is poorly documented; we classify them as of unknown origin. -Authors

Crouch, R.W.; Poag, C.W.

1987-01-01

158

Analysing regional industrialisation in Jiangsu province using geographically weighted regression  

Science.gov (United States)

Industry is the most important sector in the Chinese economy. To identify the spatial interaction between the level of regional industrialisation and various factors, this paper takes Jiangsu province of China as a case study. To unravel the existence of spatial nonstationarity, geographically weighted regression (GWR) is employed in this article. Conventional regression analysis can only produce `average' and `global' parameter estimates rather than `local' parameter estimates which vary over space in some spatial systems. Geographically weighted regression (GWR), on the other hand, is a relatively simple, but useful new technique for the analysis of spatial nonstationarity. Using the GWR technique to study regional industrialisation in Jiangsu province, it is found that there is a significant difference between the ordinary linear regression (OLR) and GWR models. The relationships between the level of regional industrialisation and various factors show considerable spatial variability.

Huang, Yefang; Leung, Yee

159

Ocular Injuries Occurring in Motor Vehicular Accident Victims, Yazd Province.  

OpenAIRE

Introduction: Motor vehicular accidents are one of the leading causes of death in young men and severe complications in all age groups. This study was carried out to evaluate eye injuries secondary to motor vehicular accidents that have a high rate of occurrence in Yazd province. Methods: This descriptive, cross- sectional study was conducted through case series method. Simple sampling, i.e. census from the under study population was performed to complete the sample number. The study was carr...

MR Shoja; MR Besharati

2006-01-01

160

Incidence of Childhood Cancers in Golestan Province of Iran  

OpenAIRE

Objective: This paper presents the incidence rates of childhood cancers using the data obtained from Golestan population based cancer registry (GPCR) between 2004 and 2006.Methods: GPCR registers only primary cancers based on standard protocols of the international association of cancer registries (IACR). We collect data on newly diagnosed (incident) cancer cases from all public and private diagnostic and therapeutic centers of the whole province. CanReg-4 software was used for data entry and...

Mr. Abbas Moghaddami; Mohsen Aarabi; Abbasali Keshtkar; Narges Mirbehbehani; Gholamreza Roshandel; Shahryar Semnani; Abdolvahab Moradi; Fatemeh Cheraghali

2010-01-01

161

Environmental Consequences of Rapid Urbanization in Zhejiang Province, East China  

OpenAIRE

Since reforms carried out in the late 1970s, China has experienced unprecedented rates of urban growth. Remote sensing data and surface observational data are used to investigate the urbanization process and related environmental consequences, focusing on extreme heat events and air pollution, in Zhejiang Province (ZJP, East China). Examination of satellite-measured nighttime light data indicates rapid urbanization in ZJP during the past decade, initially forming three urban clusters. With ra...

Xuchao Yang; Wenze Yue; Honghui Xu; Jingsheng Wu; Yue He

2014-01-01

162

A trichinellosis outbreak in Borikhamxay Province, Lao PDR.  

OpenAIRE

Trichinellosis is documented in Southeast Asia, particularly in Thailand and China. Data from Lao PDR are lacking. An outbreak investigation was conducted in Borikhamxay Province after three patients with suspected trichinellosis consulted the Mahosot Hospital, Vientiane. In total, 22 trichinellosis cases were identified; 21 cases could be confirmed by Western blot. High fever (100%), muscle pain (91%), upper eyelid oedema (86%) and diarrhoea (59%) were observed. Among the 22 patients, 86% ha...

Sayasone, S.; Odermatt, P.; Vongphrachanh, P.; Keoluangkot, V.; Dupouy-camet, J.; Newton, Pn; Strobel, M.

2006-01-01

163

Echinostome Flukes Receovered from Humans in Khammouane Province, Lao PDR  

OpenAIRE

Echinostome eggs were detected in 22 (1.1%) of 2,074 people residing in riparian villages along the Mekong River in Khammouane Province, Lao PDR. In order to recover the adult flukes, 9 persons were treated with praziquantel and purged with magnesium salts. A total of 55 echinostome specimens (4 species) were recovered from the 9 persons. Echinostoma revolutum (8 specimens) was recovered from 3 persons, Artyfechinostomum malayanum (8 specimens) was from 2 persons, Echinochasmus japonicus (33 ...

Chai, Jong-yil; Sohn, Woon-mok; Yong, Tai-soon; Eom, Keeseon S.; Min, Duk-young; Hoang, Eui-hyug; Phammasack, Bounlay; Insisiengmay, Bounnaloth; Rim, Han-jong

2012-01-01

164

The Alto Paraguay Alkaline Province: petrographic, geochemical and geochronological characteristics  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Alto Paraguay Province is located at the border of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul and Paraguay, between the coordinates 21 deg 10'to 23 deg 25'of Southern latitude and 57 deg 10' to 58 deg 00', having the city of Porto Murtinho as the main reference point. The geotectonic domain of the area is governed by the precambric units of the Southern extreme of the Amazonic craton which developed a long and accentuated activity, giving rise to folds and important faults, that in several cases seem to have exerted an effective control of the magmatic manifestations. Radiometric data indicate that the emplacement of the syenitic bodies took place in the Permo-Triassic period, with a major incidence in the interval 260-240 Ma, representing thus, an important phase of alkaline magmatic affinity associated to the Parana Basin which is believed is to be unique, since the other known areas (Central, Amambay and Rio Apa Provinces, Paraguay, Velasco Province, Bolivia) are considerably younger (140-120 Ma). Syenitic rocks from the Alto Paraguay Province show wide variation in the ratio 87 Sr/86 Sr (0.703361 - 0.707734). Excluding the Cerro Boggiani rocks (0.703837-0.707734), values for the nepheline syenites (0.703361-0.703672) general lower than those of the other syenites types. Alkaline syenites cover the interval 0.703510- 0.703872, while quartz syenites and syenogranites are 0.704562 and 0.707076, respectively. geologic evidence, in addition to petrographic, geochemical and isotopic (Sr) data, suggest that the syenitic rocks have been derived from an unique mantelic parental liquid, by fractional crystallization and assimilation processes, which are assumed to be occurred during the emplacement of the magma in the crust. (author)

165

"Seroepidemiology of Hydatid Cyst in Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari Province, Iran"  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Hydatid cyst is the larval stage of the cestode worm Echinococcus granulosus, which causes echinococcosis in human and some other mammalian. Iran is located in endemic zone of this disease and Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari province, due to existence of sheep husbandry jobs, has a potential for high prevalence of the disease, . Therefore, this investigation was carried out to study seroepidemiology of hydatic cyst in human in this area. In this descriptive study, 1000 serum samples from bl...

Yousefi Darani, H.; Avijgan, M.; Karimi, K.; Manouchehri, K.; Masood, J.

2003-01-01

166

Evaluation of Health Care System Reform in Hubei Province, China  

OpenAIRE

This study established a set of indicators for and evaluated the effects of health care system reform in Hubei Province (China) from 2009 to 2011 with the purpose of providing guidance to policy-makers regarding health care system reform. The resulting indicators are based on the “Result Chain” logic model and include the following four domains: Inputs and Processes, Outputs, Outcomes and Impact. Health care system reform was evaluated using the weighted TOPSIS and weighted Rank Sum Ratio...

Shuping Sang; Zhenkun Wang; Chuanhua Yu

2014-01-01

167

The southeastern Dronning Maud Land province in East Antarctica  

Science.gov (United States)

Systematic airborne geophysical surveys conducted by the Alfred-Wegener-Institute over the last decades have investigated a significant part of Dronning Maud Land in East Antarctica and have revealed, amongst other findings, an aerogeophysical prominent province in southeastern Dronning Maud Land. Both its magnetic and gravity signature differs from those of the western and southwestern Dronning Maud Land, and we assume that it represents a distinct tectonic terrane. This province is characterized by a subdued magnetic anomaly field with elongated parallel positive anomalies, which are truncated by the Forster magnetic anomaly in the northwest, are flanked by the complex magnetic anomaly pattern of the Sør Rondane Mountains in the northeast, and continue presumably farther eastwards. Pronounced negative values of Bouguer gravity indicate thick continental crust of up to 50 km for this region in contrast to significantly higher values of Bouguer gravity in western and southwestern Dronning Maud Land. A few nunataks crop out within the northern portion of this province between the Wohlthat-Massiv and the Sør Rondane Mountains. In 2011 and 2012 collected rock samples from these nunataks and nearby moraines show a predominance of metasedimentary rocks of yet unknown age. Furthermore, undeformed late- to post-tectonic granitoids have been discovered within the southeastern DML province. The conclusions of these findings revise the speculation of a continuous suture zone connecting the Shackleton Range south of Coats Land in the west and the Lützow Holm Bay region in the east and supplement the hypotheses that East-Antarctica is rather a mosaic of different crustal fragments composed of Archaean nucleoids and of Proterozoic to Palaeozoic mobile belts, than to be primarily one stable craton.

Mieth, Matthias; Jokat, Wilfried; Jacobs, Joachim; Ruppel, Antonia; Damaske, Detlef; Läufer, Andreas

2014-05-01

168

The burden of imported malaria in Gauteng Province  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVES: To describe the burden of malaria in Gauteng Province, and to identify potential risk factors for severe disease. DESIGN: We conducted a prospective survey of malaria cases diagnosed in hospitals throughout Gauteng from December 2005 to end November 2006. OUTCOME MEASURES: Malaria frequency, severity, and treatment. RESULTS: We identified 1 701 malaria cases; 1 548 (91%) were seen at public sector hospitals and 153 (9%) at private hospitals; 1 149 (68%) patients were male...

Weber, Ingrid B.; Baker, Lee; Mnyaluza, Joy; Matjila, Maila J.; Barnes, Karen; Blumberg, Lucille H.

2010-01-01

169

Heavy daily-rainfall characteristics over the Gauteng Province  

OpenAIRE

Daily rainfall over the Gauteng Province, South Africa, was analysed for the summer months of October to March using 32-yr (1977 to 2009) daily rainfall data from about 70 South African Weather Service stations. The monthly and seasonal variation of heavy rainfall occurrences was also analysed. Three 24-h heavy rainfall classes are defined considering the area-average rainfall. A significant rainfall event is defined when the average rainfall exceeds 10 mm, a heavy rainfall event when the ...

Dyson, Liesl L.

2009-01-01

170

An investigation of gamma background radiation in Hamadan province, Iran.  

Science.gov (United States)

The general population, everywhere in the world is exposed to a small dose of ionising radiation from natural sources. Stochastic effects such as cancer and genetic disorders are caused when living creatures are exposed to low doses. In Iran, it is measured in some cities, especially in high-background areas such as Ramsar, but so far there is no measurement in the Hamadan province. Hamadan is located in the west of Iran. Measurements were performed using a RDS-110 survey meter, CaSO(4):Dy thermoluminecense dosimetries (TLDs) and a Harshaw 4000 TLD reader. To estimate the dose rate  outdoors, four stations along the main directions (north, south, west and east) and one in the town centre were selected. Mean annual X and gamma equivalent dose in Hamadan province are 1.12±0.22  and 1.66±0.07 mSv, which related to RDS-110 survey meter and TLDs measurements, respectively. The TLDs and RDS-110 results are representative of the external photon radiation doses for the selected monitoring locations and for those locations for the hours during which the measurements were taken, respectively. Maximum and minimum of external photon radiation doses are related to Hamadan and Kaboudar-Ahang towns, respectively. According to the results of the study, it seems that the annual X and gamma equivalent dose in Hamadan province exceeded the global mean external exposure amounts by the UNSCEAR, and further studies are needed to measure internal exposures to determine the total environmental radiation level in  Hamadan province. PMID:22570508

Rostampour, Nima; Almasi, Tinoosh; Rostampour, Masoumeh; Mohammadi, Mohammad; Ghazikhanlou Sani, Karim; Khosravi, Hamid R; Pooya, S Mehdi Hosseini; Golzar, Bahman; Jabari Vesal, Naghi

2012-12-01

171

Maternal and child health in Yushu, Qinghai Province, China  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Introduction Surmang, Qinghai Province is a rural nomadic Tibetan region in western China recently devastated by the 2010 Yushu earthquake; little information is available on access and coverage of maternal and child health services. Methods A cross-sectional household survey was conducted in August 2004. 402 women of reproductive age (15-50) were interviewed regarding their pregnancy history, access to and utilization of health care, and infant and chi...

Tsering Ojen; Lhamo Karma; Dongdrup Phuntsok; Drogha Sonam; Freytsis Maria; Wiebenga Mariette; Deutsch Karen; Cc, Lee Anne; Wellhoner Mary; Tseyongjee; Khandro Dawa; Mullany Luke C; Weingrad Lee

2011-01-01

172

Seroprevalence of Toxocariasis in Children in East- Azerbaijan Province, Iran  

OpenAIRE

Purpose: Toxocariasis is a zoonotic disease caused by the ascarid of dogs and cats, the main representative of which is a Toxocara canis. Distribution of the disease is world wide and is more prevalent in children. The present study was carried out in children of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran, to determine the toxocariasis seropositivity. Material and Methods: For the present seroepidemiological study, blood samples were collected at random from children of all the five districts of the East...

Yagoob Garedaghi

2013-01-01

173

Evaluation of foaling heat in Arabian mares in Ninevah province  

OpenAIRE

The present study was conducted to study the relationship between breeding season of Arabian mares at first estrous afterfoaling and pregnancy rate. Thirty six mares were divided in to two groups according to foaling heat in breeding season,transitional periods. Animals included in this study were maintained with the same management and conditions in the specialbreeding stables. This study was performed in a farm located in Nineveh province during the period from June 2008 to June2010. The ma...

Rahawy, M. A.

2012-01-01

174

Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part II. Bushehr Province.  

OpenAIRE

The Bushehr Province of Iran contains the type localities of three scorpion taxa, Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889), Orthochirus iranus Kova?ík, 2004, and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900). Apart from them, Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807), Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905), Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880), Odontobuthus bidentatus Lourenço & Pézier, 2002, Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903), and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1862 have also been known to occur ...

Soleglad, M. E.; Fet, V.; Navidpour, S.; Kovar?i?k, F.

2008-01-01

175

Malaria incidence in Limpopo Province, South Africa, 1998–2007  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Malaria is endemic in the low-altitude areas of the northern and eastern parts of South Africa with seasonal transmission. The aim of this descriptive study is to give an overview of the malaria incidence and mortality in Limpopo Province for the seasons 1998–1999 to 2006–2007 and to detect trends over time and place. Methods Routinely collected data on diagnosed malaria cases and deaths were available through the provincial malaria infor...

Grobusch Martin P; van der Loeff Maarten; Kruger Philip; Am, Gerritsen Annette

2008-01-01

176

The Central Atlantic Magmatic Province extends into Bolivia  

Science.gov (United States)

The Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) is the largest continental flood basalt (CFB) province on Earth and was associated with the onset of fragmentation of the supercontinent Pangea at the Triassic-Jurassic boundary. In order to clarify the extent of the CAMP in South America, we investigate basaltic remnants in southern Bolivia (Tarabuco, Entre Ríos and Camiri areas) by combining stratigraphic, geochronological (40Ar/39Ar data) and geochemical (major and trace element, Nd-Sr isotopes) approaches. Lava-flows reaching a total thickness up to 150 m and associated sills overlie syn-rift red beds assigned to the Triassic. The magmatic rocks consist of low-Ti tholeiites that are remarkably homogeneous in composition. Notably, their trace element and Nd-Sr isotopic compositions closely match those of CAMP basalts particularly those of southwest Brazil. 40Ar/39Ar dating failed to yield robust plateau ages but the best estimates of the crystallization age at 198.1 ± 1.5 and 199.2 ± 2.2 Ma are similar to those of CAMP basalts throughout the province. These Bolivian basalts, which may have covered an initial surface of ~ 30,000 km2, represent the known southernmost occurrence of the CAMP. They were erupted as a single pulse, more than 8000 km away from the northern edge of the province. We discuss the implications of such a huge elongated CFB for the current plume models and we suggest, as an alternative, that large-scale melting beneath the Pangea supercontinent due to mantle global warming could have triggered the emplacement of the CAMP.

Bertrand, Hervé; Fornari, Michel; Marzoli, Andrea; García-Duarte, Raúl; Sempere, Thierry

2014-02-01

177

Iodine deficiency and iodine excess in Jiangsu Province, China  

OpenAIRE

Keywords:iodine deficiency, iodine excess, endemic goiter, drinking water, iodine intake, thyroid function, thyroid size, iodized salt, iodized oil, IQ, physical development, hearing capacity, epidemiology, meta-analysis, IDD, randomized trial, intervention, USA, Bangladesh, ChinaEndemic goiter can be caused both by iodine deficiency and iodine excess. Iodine deficiency was a public health problem in Jiangsu Province, China and has been eliminated through salt iodization in a majority of coun...

Zhao, J.

2001-01-01

178

Radon assessment in thermal waters in Imbabura and Pichincha provinces  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The radon is a radioactive, odorless and colorless gas, that generated in the terrestrial crust by the radioactive decay of the radio, originating of the chain of disintegration of the Uranium-238, can migrate considerable distances during its short time of life (3.82 days), from the ground to the water and later to the atmosphere. For the accomplishment of the preliminary study of quantification of radon in thermal sources, it was come to the sampling from radon-222 in bath waters different from the provinces of Pichincha and Imbabura. For which a particle accountant was used alpha, that uses the method of flashing, emitted by ionizing particles at the moment at which the radium decays in its descendant radon, and this one in its next descendants. The water samples are analyzed in the Pylon model RM-1003, particle accountant alpha, that uses for the harvesting of the gas, cameras that contain sensible detectors activated zinc sulfide cells with silver. For this sampling it was taken into account qualitative factors like: rain temperature, presence, origin of the source, proximity of some hill or volcano, presence of seismic movements, among others. These parameters could affect to the measurements of concentration of radon. Of the obtained results, we can conclude that of the 13 bath, those of the province of Pichincha, specially three of them (Tesalia, Sillunchi, Cunuyacu), contain greater concentration of radon that those of the province of Imbabura. In addition inf the province of Imbabura. In addition in general for all the selected bath it was verified that the concentration of radon is greater for the source than for the swimming pool. Finally it is possible to be emphasized values of concentration of radon that are around 1000-15000 Bq/m3 for the source, and the swimming pool of 100-800 Bq/m3. (The author)

179

Malaria Situation and Anopheline Mosquitoes in Qom Province, Central Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available "nAbstract "nBackground: The aims of this study was to analysis the current situation of malaria and to find the distribution of anopheline mosquitoes, as probable vectors of the disease, in Qom Province, central Iran. "nMethods: This study was carried out in two parts. First stage was data collection about malaria cases using recorded documents of patients in the Province health center, during 2001–2008. The second stage was entomological survey conducted by mosquito larval collection method in 4 villages with different geographical positions in 2008. Data were analyzed using Excel software. "nResults: Of 4456 blood slides, 10.9% out were positive. Most of cases were imported from other countries (90.4%, mainly from Afghanistan (56.5% and Pakistan (16.3%. Slide positive rate showed a maximum of 16.9% and a minimum of 2.9% in 2008 and 2007, respectively. Plasmodium vivax was causative agent of 93.75% of cases, fol­lowed by P. falciparum (6.25%. More than 15 years old age group contained the most malaria reported cases (66.7%. Two Anopheles species, An. superpictus and An. claviger were collected and identified. This is the first report of Anopheles claviger in Qom Province. "nConclusion: Malaria is in the control stage in Qom Province. The rate of local transmission is very low (only 1 case, shows Anopheles superpictus, as the main malaria vector of central part of Iran, can play its role in malaria transmission in the area. "n  "nKeywords: Malaria, Iran, Epidemiology

MR Abai

2010-12-01

180

Tectonic investigation of Masvingo Province, Zimbabwe: preliminary report  

OpenAIRE

This report summarises the preliminary results of a structural investigation in the Masvingo (Victoria) Province of SE Zimbabwe undertaken as part of a hydrogeological study of the occurrence of groundwater in crystalline basement rocks. A review of the tectonic development of the region from available literature is presented together with the initial results of a remote sensing study using Landsat MSS imagery and aerial photographs, as well as reconnaissance fieldwork. T...

Greenbaum, D.

1986-01-01

181

Estimation of life expectancy in Sistan and Baluchestan province, Iran  

OpenAIRE

Background: Life expectancy deals with the overall level of population health thoroughly considering the effect of mortality. Life expectancy is defined as the expected number of years of life remaining at a given age of people who living in a specific country. This study aimed to estimate life expectancy for the Sistan and Baluchestan province and all its cities based on gender. Methods: This study is a descriptive analytical study. For the analysis of the objectives the required data are...

Fatemeh Roostaee; Jhila Roostaee; Hamid Mohammadi; Bahram Donyavi; Razieh Keykhaie; Javad Sharifi-Rad; Paridokht Shahrak; Mahdiyeh Adrom; Fatemeh Soroush

2014-01-01

182

Measles outbreak investigation in Zaka, Masvingo Province, Zimbabwe, 2010  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background A measles outbreak was detected at Ndanga Hospital in Zaka district Masvingo Province on the 5th of May 2010 and there were five deaths. Source of infection was not known and an investigation was carried out to determine factors associated with contracting measles in Zaka district. Materials and methods A 1:1 unmatched case control study was conducted. A case was a person residing in Zaka district who developed signs and symptoms of measles o...

Pomerai Kufakwanguzvarova W; Mudyiradima Robert F; Gombe Notion T

2012-01-01

183

Root rot of sugarbeet in the Vojvodina Province  

OpenAIRE

Large changes introduced in the sugar beet production technology in the Vojvodina Province over last 40 years resulted in changes in the etiology and harmfulness of different agents of sugar beet root diseases. Improvements in cultivation practices reduced the harmfulness of some diseases while increased the harmfulness of others. Some disease agents became obsolete, but others gained importance. New agents of root diseases were found. The most frequent damages, persisting over long periods o...

Stojšin Vera B.; Mari? Adam A.; Jasni? Stevan M.; Bagi Ferenc F.; Marinkovi? Branko J.

2006-01-01

184

PHYSIC NUT ( JATROPHA CURCAS L.) DISEASES IN LAMPUNG PROVINCE  

OpenAIRE

Intensifi ed cultivation of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) could raise the importance of plant diseases. h e objectives of this research were to diagnose diseases occurring on physic nut in Lampung Province and to determine their intensity. Field observation was conducted in four districts: South Lampung, Tanggamus, Bandarlampung, and Tulang Bawang. Disease intensity, whether expressed as disease incidence or severity, was recorded from plant samples determined by making diagonal lines ...

TRI MARYONO; CIPTA GINTING

2009-01-01

185

Prevalence of ixodid ticks on cattle in Mazandaran province, Iran  

OpenAIRE

A survey was carried out to investigate the prevalence of hard tick species (Acari: Ixodidae) on cattle in Mazandaran province, Iran. A total of 953 ticks were collected from 86 infested cattle during activating seasons of ticks during 2004-2005. Nine species were identified: Boophilus annulatus (51.3%), Rhipicephalus bursa (16.8%), Haemaphysalis punctata (6.3%), Ixodes ricinus (6.8%), Hyalomma marginatum (12.5%), Hyalomma anatolicum excavatum (5.2%), Hyalomma asiaticum (0.6%), Hyalomma detri...

Razmi, Gholam Reza; Glinsharifodini, Meisam; Sarvi, Shaboddin

2007-01-01

186

Identifying sports cultural opportunity – Case Study of Mazandaran Province  

OpenAIRE

Sport is an important tool to draw the national attention. Sport is a big assembly to make identity. Also, sport is a cause for identity and unity. The purpose of this study is to identify the cultural opportunity of sport in the province of Mazandaran in Iran. The research method was mixed. Sequential exploratory mixed method of the first method is qualitative and quantitative methods. The study included all the Mazandaran managers, coaches, experts, judges and athletes at the national level...

Ahmad Ahmadzadeh; Seyyed Jafar Moosavi; Morteza Dousti

2013-01-01

187

Factor Analysis of Agricultural Innovative Ability in Sichuan Province  

OpenAIRE

On the basis of some theories, this paper empirically analyzes on factors that influence the agricultural innovative ability in Sichuan Province by selecting six indices. They are the number of technological person, the financial input of agricultural science and technology, the level of local economic development, the agricultural policy, the number of technologic leaders, and the number of agricultural research institutions. Then I propose some relevant comments. The results indicate tha...

Jian Qiang Li

2012-01-01

188

Student nurses’ experiences during clinical practice in the Limpopo Province  

OpenAIRE

A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and contextual study was conducted to explore student nurses’ experiences during clinical practice at a nursing college in the Limpopo Province. Purposive sampling was used and phenomenological interviews were held with eleven (11) student nurses who were in their final year of the four year basic nursing programme. The interviews were analysed by using Tesch’s method of data analysis for qualitative research. The findings indicate that there are as...

Bt, Mabuda

2008-01-01

189

The Subfamily Culicinae (Diptera: Culicidae) in Kerman Province, Southern Iran  

OpenAIRE

There are some arboviral and parasitic diseases which are transmitted by culicine mosquitoes in Iran. Three genera and eleven species of the subfamily Culicinae (Diptera: Culicidae) were collected by dipping method and identified in Kahnooj district, Kerman province, south-eastern Iran, during October and November, 2003 including; Culex (Culex) bitaeniorhynchus, Cx. (Maillotia) deserticola, Cx. (Cux.) laticinctus, Cx. (Cux.) perexiguus, Cx. (Cux.) pipiens, Cx.(Cux.) quin- quefasciatus, Cx.(Cu...

Azari-hamidian, S.; Abai, MR; Mashayekhi, M.; Ladonni, H.; Vatandoost, H.; Aa, Hanafi-bojd; Faghih-naini, F.; Jedari, M.

2005-01-01

190

Communication Behaviour Among Farmers in East Azarbaijan Province , Iran  

OpenAIRE

To improve livestock production and to modernize dairy husbandry in Iran, it is essential to disseminate the most recent information on dairy husbandry technologies and management practices through various means among farmers. An understanding of farmers’ communication behaviour is essential in formulating effective communication strategies for livestock development. For the purposes of this study, East Azarbaijan Province was selected. The study will examine how farmers obtain information ...

Vaisy, H.; Rezvanfar, A.

2003-01-01

191

An investigation of gamma background radiation in Hamadan province, Iran  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The general population, everywhere in the world is exposed to a small dose of ionising radiation from natural sources. Stochastic effects such as cancer and genetic disorders are caused when living creatures are exposed to low doses. In Iran, it is measured in some cities, especially in high-background areas such as Ramsar, but so far there is no measurement in the Hamadan province. Hamadan is located in the west of Iran. Measurements were performed using a RDS-110 survey meter, CaSO4:Dy thermoluminescence dosimetries (TLDs) and a Harshaw 4000 TLD reader. To estimate the dose rate outdoors, four stations along the main directions (north, south, west and east) and one in the town centre were selected. Mean annual X and gamma equivalent dose in Hamadan province are 1.12±0.22 and 1.66±0.07 mSv, which related to RDS-110 survey meter and TLDs measurements, respectively. The TLDs and RDS-110 results are representative of the external photon radiation doses for the selected monitoring locations and for those locations for the hours during which the measurements were taken, respectively. Maximum and minimum of external photon radiation doses are related to Hamadan and Kaboudar-Ahang towns, respectively. According to the results of the study, it seems that the annual X and gamma equivalent dose in Hamadan province exceeded the global mean external exposure amounts by the UNSCEAR, and further studies are needed to measure internal exposures to determine the total eernal exposures to determine the total environmental radiation level in Hamadan province. (authors)

192

Malignant Salivary Glands Tumors in Kerman Province: A Retrospective Study  

OpenAIRE

Introduction: Malignant salivary glands tumors (MSGTs) are uncommon cancers. The most common site of these cancers is the parotid gland. Some investigations show these cancers preference for males than females. The majority of MSGTs arise in sixth decade of human life. According to the literature review for the present work, there is a few epidemiological researches about MSGTs in Iran and especially there isn't any study in Kerman province. So the aim of this study was investigation the inci...

Hashemi Pour, M. S.; Zarei, R.; Chamani, G.; Rad, M.

2007-01-01

193

The Application of Carbon Footprint Analysis in Hunan Province  

OpenAIRE

Based on interpreting carbon footprint’s definition and its effecting factors, making positive analyses by using the data of cities in Hunan Province from 2005 to 2009, this paper constructs the calculating model of carbon footprint and analyses the relationship between carbon footprint and population, economy development level, industrial structure and energy structure. Meanwhile, on the basis of above analyses, this paper puts forward effective ways to advance the low-carbon developmen...

Yi, Bing; Zhao, Xiaojun; Chen, Guosheng; Peng, Yuan

2014-01-01

194

Technology and popular architecture: Waterwheels in the province of Granada  

OpenAIRE

This article presents the major thechnological and architectural features of the waterwheel in the province of Granada. Due to the disappearance of the milling industry as an economic activity, waterwheels having artchitechtonic and production characteristics of a craft nature that are found today in an irreversible process of deterioration. Waterwheels are a patrimony whose collective memory is worth recovering, due both to their technological, scientific, and historical value and to their a...

Reyes Mesa, Jose? Miguel

2000-01-01

195

Investigation of Vegetation Species in Desert Areas of Fars Province  

Science.gov (United States)

The Fars province is located in the south of IRAN, with area of 122830Km2. This areas involved saline and alkaline soils. The aim of this research is investigation of salty lands and vegetation degradation for offering of sociable species for any area. Recognition studying of desert area in Fars province was identified using all available data and using GIS and RS technologies. In this study, main indicators have been appointed using Floristical-Fizionomicaly method. Vegetation per cent, growth form, density and altitude were considered as main indicators. More than 50 species of halophytes were collected and 25 plant types were identified in 17 zones of studied area. The main plant types were as follows: Hammada, Halocnemum-Aeluropus and Halocnemum-limonium. Ultimately, halophytes cover map was prepared. In the end of growth season, 50 soil samples from halophyte types in two horizons 0-30cm and 30-100cm were taken and tested. The result showed, the studied area, has saline lands surface and high salinity land with cover of 9000Km2. Keyword: Saline Soil, Alkaline Soil, Halophytes, Fars Province

Fozoni, L.; Fakhireh, A.

2009-04-01

196

Midwifery workforce profile in Limpopo Province referral hospitals  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: In sub-Saharan Africa including South Africa, maternal mortality rates remain unacceptably high due to a shortage of registered nurses with advanced midwifery diplomas. Objective: To determine the profile of registered nurses (RNs involved in maternity care in public referral hospitals of the Limpopo Province, South Africa. Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in all maternity units of Limpopo’s public referral hospitals. The study population comprised of 210 registered nurses, who became the study sample. Data on their educational profile and work experience in midwifery was analysed using STATA version 9.0. Results: The mean age of the 210 registered nurses was 44.5 ± 9.1 years (range 21 to 62. The majority (152/210; 70% were 40 years and older, 56% (117/210 had been working for more than 10 years, and 63/210 (30% were due to retire within 10 years. Only 22% (46/210 had advanced midwifery diplomas, i.e. after their basic undergraduate training. Only six (2.9% of the RNs providing maternity care in these referral hospitals were studying for advanced midwifery diplomas at the time of the study. Conclusion: This study demonstrated a shortage of registered nurses with advanced midwifery training/diplomas in referral hospitals of the Limpopo Province. This has a potentially negative effect in reducing the high maternal mortality rate in the province.

Sam T. Ntuli

2014-04-01

197

Incidence of Neonatal Hyperphenylalaninemia in Fars Province South Iran  

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Full Text Available Objective:Phenylalanine hydroxylase or its cofactor, tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4, deficiency causes accumulation of phenylalanine in body fluids and central nervous system. Considering the fact that hyperphenylalaninemia is a preventable cause of mental retardation in infants, the objective of this study was to determine the incidence of congenital hyperphenylalaninemia in Fars province, south of Iran.Methods:In a period of one year from November 2007 to November 2008 blood samples were withdrawn from all newborns born in Fars province for measurement of serum phenylalanine. The samples with a serum level of ? 2 mg/dl were referred to pediatric endocrine clinic for confirmation and determination of the type of hyperphenylalaninemia by quantitive serum phenylalanine measurements by using High-Pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC method.Findings:Nine out of 76966 newborns had a serum phenylalanine level ?2mg/dl, of which 8 cases were confirmed by HPLC. The incidence of the disease was 1:10000. The incidence of mild hyperphenylalaninemia and phenylketonuria (PKU among the patients was 62.5% and 37.5% respectively and the incidence of BH4 deficiency was 1/76966.Conclusion:These findings indicate a high incidence of hyperphenylalaninemia, in the newborns from Fars province. The high incidence makes a comprehensive screening program for management of the disease necessary.

Hamdollah Karamifar

2010-02-01

198

Incidence of Neonatal Hyperphenylalaninemia in Fars Province, South Iran  

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Full Text Available Objective: Phenylalanine hydroxylase or its cofactor, tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4, deficiency causes accumulation of phenylalanine in body fluids and central nervous system. Considering the fact that hyperphenylalaninemia is a preventable cause of mental retardation in infants, the objective of this study was to determine the incidence of congenital hyperphenylalaninemia in Fars province, south of Iran.Methods: In a period of one year from November 2007 to November 2008 blood samples were withdrawn from all newborns born in Fars province for measurement of serum phenylalanine. The samples with a serum level of ³ 2 mg/dl were referred to pediatric endocrine clinic for confirmation and determination of the type of hyperphenylalaninemia by quantitive serum phenylalanine measurements by using High-Pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC method.Findings: Nine out of 76966 newborns had a serum phenylalanine level ³2mg/dl, of which 8 cases were confirmed by HPLC. The incidence of the disease was 1:10000. The incidence of mild hyperphenylalaninemia and phenylketonuria (PKU among the patients was 62.5% and 37.5% respectively and the incidence of BH4 deficiency was 1/76966.Conclusion: These findings indicate a high incidence of hyperphenylalaninemia, in the newborns from Fars province. The high incidence makes a comprehensive screening program for management of the disease necessary.

Gholamhossein Amirhakimi

2010-06-01

199

Molecular Identification of Nosema species in East Azerbaijan province, Iran  

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Full Text Available Nosema is a genus of microsporidia, which have significant negative impacts on honeybees. The aim of thisstudy is the epidemiological evaluation and molecular characterization of Nosema spices in various countiesof East-Azerbaijan province (Northwest of Iran. 387 samples were collected from colonies maintained invarious counties of East-Azerbaijan province. Samples after preparation were examined by a lightmicroscope for presence of Nosema spores. PCR method (SSUrRNA gene was used to differentiatebetween Nosema apis (N. apis and N. ceranae. Descriptive statistics were used for data analysis. Totalinfection prevalence of the microscopic evaluation and PCR tests were 225 (58.1% and 260 (67.1%respectively, total validity of PCR test against the microscopic test was computed equal to 1.1 in this case.Disease distribution in various counties of study area was variable and N. ceranae was the only Nosema species found to infect honeybees. The one species presence and different distribution of Nosema positive samples in various counties of East-Azerbaijan province may be due to multiple reasons. Furthermore,epidemiological information helps us to improve disease management practices in the studied area, apply new hygiene policy and reduce extra costs of production.

Razmaraii, N.

2013-05-01

200

The use of wind to produce energy in Ketodestrin province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Productivity of oil and gas and their high cost benefit in matters than combustion, in one hand and their problem of environmental pollution when they are burnt, on the other hand attracted the decision markers in Iran to consider the wind energy as a good alternative for energy resources . It is especially important because of the existence of regions with high potential for wind energy in Iran. The Kurdestan province is one of the windy places in Iran that has not been considered for wind energy yet. In this paper, the general characteristics of the different kinds of winds which are blown throughout the year in Kurdestan province are considered firstly. Then by using the information from the stations in the sixth major cities in the province, the wind characteristics including power, direction, intensity and probability at different months of the year, are considered. The statistical studies show that Bijar, Zarine Obatoo, Ghorveh, Sanandaj and Marivan have the most wind energy potential, and Bijar and Ghorveh are the best places to install the wind turbine. for all of the above regions, the maximum of the wind average speed and powe are obtained in March, April. May, and the minimum of the average wind speed occurs in December. Bijar, Ghorveh and Zarine Obatoo have high average wind speed and its recommended to search for best places in these regions for the wind turbine sites

201

The South-East Karst Province of South Australia  

Science.gov (United States)

The South-East Karst Province of South Australia is an extensive area of low relief with dolines, cenotes, uvalas, and a variety of cave types developed in the soft, porous, flat-lying Tertiary Gambier Limestone and also as syngenetic karst in the overlying calcarenite dunes of the Pleistocene Bridgewater Formation. The most spectacular surface karst features are the large collapse dolines, especially those that extend below the water table to form cenotes. Shallow swampy hollows occur in superficial Quaternary sediments. These are an enigmatic feature of the Bool Region, where all gradations appear to occur between definite karst dolines and nonkarstic hollows. Some depressions may be polygenetic—involving a combination of: (1) primary depositional hollows on coastal flats or in dune fields, (2) deflation, and (3) karst solution and subsidence. There are extensive underwater cave systems in the southern part of the province, and the bulk of the cave development there may well lie below the present water table, although these systems would have been at least partly drained during the lower sea levels of the last glacial period. Systematic variations within the province reflect differences in the parent rock types, the extent and nature of the cover and, most importantly, the hydrology—in particular the depth to the water table and its gradient.

Grimes, K. G.

1994-03-01

202

Phlebotominae fauna in the Province of Tucumán, Argentina  

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Full Text Available American Tegumentary Leishmaniasis is endemic in the province of Tucumán since 1916 where the first Argentinian case of leishmaniasis was reported. An epidemic outbreak took place in the province during 1986-1988, after that the number of cases increased gradually again between 1991-1996. Since October of 1999 sand flies captures were performed at different places associated with current and past transmission or sites identified as risky ones. The collections were carried out with CDC mini light trap and modified Shannon trap. In this study 2338 Phlebotominae were captured being prevalent Lutzomyia neivai (Lu intermedia complex (97.7%, followed by Lu. migonei. We report Lu. shannoni for the first time in the province. Phlebotominae was abundant in the warm and humid months and showed a peak before the summer rains. Lutzomyia neivai showed a pattern (peridomestic prevalence, anthropophilia, abundance in secondary forest consistent with other outbreak studies. Thus, the results reinforce this species incrimination as vector of leishmaniasis in the area. Domestic animals close to houses increase its abundance, and so the probable associated risk of human-Phlebotominae contact. Further studies should be done to understand the role of each Phlebotominae species in the transmission of leishmaniasis in Tucumán in order to design entomological surveillance strategies.

CÓRDOBA LANÚS Elizabeth

2002-01-01

203

The Spectrum of ? -Thalassemia Mutations in Isfahan Province of Iran  

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Full Text Available Background: ? -thalassemia is a common autosomal recessive disorder resulting from over 200 different mutations of beta globin genes. The aim of the present study was to identify the distribution and frequency of the most common ? -thalassemia mutations among the population of Isfahan Province in central Iran. Methods: The data presented here were derived from a total of 114 ? -thalassemia chromosomes of 18 affected patients and 78 unrelated carriers identified in our screening program. Furthermore, 23 pregnant women were analyzed among couples with a PND request for ? -thalassemia. Allele identification was carried out using routine Reverse Dot Blot, ARMS, and genomic sequencing. Results: The most common mutation, IVS-II-I, followed by FSC-36-37, IVS-I-5, FSC-8-9, IVS-I-110, IVS-I,3end; -25bp, IVS-II-745, FSC-8, Cd-39, FSC-22-24, IVS-I-1, Cd-44, IVSII-2,3 (+11/-2, IVS-I-6, and FSC-16, respectively. The present study not only provides a guide for distribution and frequency of both recurrent and uncommon mutations, but also for the first time, reports a rare b-thalassemia mutation, IVSII-2, 3 (+11/-2, in the Isfahan province of Iran. Conclusion: The information presented here could greatly facilitate screening for ? -thalassemia and prenatal diagnosis in the province of Isfahan.

P Derakhshandeh-Peykar

2008-07-01

204

‘Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs)’: Definition, recommended terminology, and a hierarchical classification  

Science.gov (United States)

This article is an appeal for the adoption of a correct and appropriate terminology with respect to the so-called Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs). The term LIP has been widely applied to large basaltic provinces such as the Deccan Traps, and the term Silicic Large Igneous Province (SLIP) to volcanic provinces of dominantly felsic composition, such as the Whitsunday Province. However, neither term (LIP, SLIP) has been applied to the large granitic batholiths of the world (e.g., Andes) to which both terms are perfectly applicable. LIP has also not been applied to broad areas of contemporaneous basalt magmatism (e.g., Indochina, Mongolia) and sizeable layered mafic intrusions (e.g., Bushveld) which in many significant respects may also be considered to represent 'Large Igneous Provinces'. Here, I suggest that the term LIP is used in its broadest sense and that it should designate igneous provinces with outcrop areas ? 50,000 km 2. I propose a simple hierarchical classification of LIPs that is independent of composition, tectonic setting, or emplacement mechanism. I suggest that provinces such as the Deccan and Whitsunday provinces should be called Large Volcanic Provinces (LVPs), whereas large intrusive provinces (mafic-ultramafic intrusions, dyke/sill swarms, granitic batholiths) should be called Large Plutonic Provinces (LPPs). LVPs and LPPs thus together cover all LIPs, which can be felsic, mafic, or ultramafic, of sub-alkalic or alkalic affinity, and emplaced in continental or oceanic settings. LVPs are subdivided here into four groups: (i) the dominantly/wholly mafic Large Basaltic Provinces (LBPs) (e.g., Deccan, Ontong Java); (ii) the dominantly felsic Large Rhyolitic Provinces (LRPs) (e.g., Whitsunday, Sierra Madre Occidental); (iii) the dominantly andesitic Large Andesitic Provinces (LAPs) (e.g., Andes, Indonesia, Cascades), and (iv) the bimodal Large Basaltic-Rhyolitic Provinces (LBRPs) (e.g., Snake River-High Lava Plains). The intrusive equivalents of LRPs are the Large Granitic Provinces (LGPs) (e.g., the Andean batholiths), although an equivalent term for intrusive equivalents of LBPs is not necessary or warranted. The accuracy and usefulness of the terms flood basalt, plateau basalt, and trap are also examined. The largest LBP, LVP, and LIP is, of course, the bulk of the ocean floor. It is contended that the proposed LIP nomenclature and classification will lead to more accurate and precise terminology and hence better understanding of the wide variety of Large Igneous Provinces.

Sheth, Hetu C.

2007-12-01

205

A key to the Soricidae, Macroscelididae, Gliridae and Muridae of Gauteng, North West Province, Mpumalanga and the Northern Province, South Africa  

OpenAIRE

A practical key to the shrews, elephant-shrews, dormice, rats and mice based on external field characteristics is presented. Size, tail features and lengths, dorsal and ventral body colour, etc. are the important characteristics, while habitat and distribution are also incorporated. The small mammals included in the key are from Gauteng, North West Province, Mpumalanga and the Northern Province.

Newbery, Christia H.

1999-01-01

206

A key to the Soricidae, Macroscelididae, Gliridae and Muridae of Gauteng, North West Province, Mpumalanga and the Northern Province, South Africa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A practical key to the shrews, elephant-shrews, dormice, rats and mice based on external field characteristics is presented. Size, tail features and lengths, dorsal and ventral body colour, etc. are the important characteristics, while habitat and distribution are also incorporated. The small mammals included in the key are from Gauteng, North West Province, Mpumalanga and the Northern Province.

Christia H. Newbery

1999-01-01

207

An Empirical Analysis of Influential Factors in International Tourism Income in Sichuan Province  

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Full Text Available Sichuan Province is abundant in tourism resources, a big tourism province. Its tourism income occupies a relatively great rate in the total output value of local area. However, an analysis of the tourism income structure of Sichuan Province, it is found that whether in terms of the total output or the proportion it occupies, the international tourism income lags behind domestic tourism income. In the meanwhile, whether compared with such cosmopolis as Beijing and Shanghai or compared with Jiangsu and Shandong, the international tourism income of Sichuan Province occupies a small rate, which is out of line with the status of big tourism province of Sichuan Province. However, as a primary means for foreign exchange earning in Sichuan Province, the international tourism income has a significance that can not be ignored. Thus, it is necessary to analyze the influential factors that affect the international tourism income of Sichuan Province, take relevant measures to improve the international tourism condition in Sichuan Province, improve the international tourism income and make greater contributions to economic development of foreign exchange earning in Sichuan Province.

Qizhi Yang

2011-02-01

208

Impact of the Limpopo Province Strategic Team (LIMPA) grain advancement project on farmer's production in the Limpopo province, South Africa  

OpenAIRE

This dissertation describes a study undertaken in Limpopo Province and is based on the GPAP project which was created under the auspices of LIMPAST through an established working partnership of ARC-GCI and LDA extension services. The study aimed at analysing the impact of the Grain Production Advancement Project on farmers production efficiency; and to determine factors that could have possibly affected the implementation of improved maize cultivars and essential maize produ...

Namome, Catherine

2010-01-01

209

Factors influencing food consumption patterns in selected communities in Limpopo province, South Africa  

OpenAIRE

Little is known about food consumption patterns of the majority of the black population and the various factors influencing food consumption patterns. An understanding of the above aspects is critical for any business enterprise to inform the formulation of a marketing strategy. This study is an attempt to identify factors affecting food consumption patterns of three ethnic groups found the Limpopo Province. The province is unique in that it is the only province in South Africa t...

Madiba, Jeremia Sello

2007-01-01

210

Spatial planning and economic development in border region: The experiences of Gangwon Province, Korea  

OpenAIRE

Gangwon province has suffered from low rate of regional economic growth, resulting in exodus of locally well educated young workforce and thus, losing vitality and sense of hope. The situation will aggravate unless one turns the tide upside down. Now it appears that the time has come for the province to do it since the Korean government announced the green growth strategies last year. This paper strongly suggests that Gangwon province may have to shift its regional development strategy in ord...

Kim, Jeong Ho

2010-01-01

211

Regional energy policy. The dependency of Dutch provinces; Provinciaal energiebeleid. Provincies zijn afhankelijk van anderen  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In two brief articles an impression is given of energy policy activities of Dutch provinces. In this first article the energy policy of the provinces Groningen, Friesland, Noord-Holland, Zuid-Holland, Zeeland and Flevoland is discussed, in particular the policy with respect to wind power. In the next issue of this magazine attention will be paid to the other provinces: Utrecht, Noord-Brabant, Limburg, Gelderland, Overijssel and Drenthe

Crok, M. [ed.

1998-10-01

212

The Creations and Research in the Regional Landscape Spirit of Heilongjiang Province  

OpenAIRE

Heilongjiang Province is located in the northeastern border part of People's Republic of China. Compared with those coastal provinces, the inner land provinces are less developed economically or culturally. However, the discovery of Hongshan civilization, the brilliant civilization of Bohai Kingdom which was affiliated to the Tang Dynasty (618AD~907AD), the nomadic and agro-culture of the ethnic groups of Jurchens minority(the ancestry of Manchu minority), Manchu minority and Mongolian minori...

Du, Xuehui

2012-01-01

213

Outpatient prescription practices in rural township health centers in Sichuan Province, China  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Sichuan Province is an agricultural and economically developing province in western China. To understand practices of prescribing medications for outpatients in rural township health centers is important for the development of the rural medical and health services in this province and western China. Methods This is an observational study based on data from the 4th National Health Services Survey of China. A total of 3,059 prescriptions from 3...

Jiang Qian; Yu Bo Nancy; Ying Guiying; Liao Jiaqiang; Gan Huaping; Blanchard James; Zhang Juying

2012-01-01

214

An Empirical Analysis of Influential Factors in International Tourism Income in Sichuan Province  

OpenAIRE

Sichuan Province is abundant in tourism resources, a big tourism province. Its tourism income occupies a relatively great rate in the total output value of local area. However, an analysis of the tourism income structure of Sichuan Province, it is found that whether in terms of the total output or the proportion it occupies, the international tourism income lags behind domestic tourism income. In the meanwhile, whether compared with such cosmopolis as Beijing and Shanghai or compared with Jia...

Qizhi Yang; Feng Ye; Fuhui Yan

2011-01-01

215

Regional Growth in China: An Empirical Investigation using Multiple Imputation and Province-level Panel Data  

OpenAIRE

This paper examines the contributions of various factors to China’s economic growth. The methodology is discussed in papers by Levine and Renelt (1992) and Sala-i-Martin (1997). Using multiple imputation techniques on a panel data from 1978 to 1999 for 30 provinces, autonomous regions, and independently administered cities, we find that provinces with more innovation capital and more bank-deposit-to-GDP ratios tend to experience higher economic growth. Migration of people into a province...

Chen, Baizhu; Phillips, Kerk L.

2008-01-01

216

Study of Certain Epidemiological Aspects of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Khatam County, Yazd Province,Iran.  

OpenAIRE

Introduction: Zoonotic Cutaneous leishmaniasis(ZCL) is one of the most important parasitic diseases in Iran and common in rural districts of half of the 30 provinces of the country. In recent years, ZCL has become a serious and increasing public health problem in Yazd province. Following the epidemic of CL in Khatam county of Yazd province, this study was carried out to determine the animal reservoir hosts and human infection in 2005-2006. Methods: 300 households were examined in February 200...

Ar, Dehghan-dehnavi; Mh, Arandian; Ar, Zahraei-ramazani; Soleimani, H.; Aa, Akhavan; Jafari, R.; Marvi-moghadam, N.; Yaghoobi-Ershadi, MR

2008-01-01

217

Some patterns of internal migration in North West Province, South Africa, 1996-2001  

OpenAIRE

Migration is an important component of population change in North West province of South Africa. Unfortunately, reliable data on migration is difficult to collect. The aim of this study is to provide estimates of net internal migration for North West province using indirect estimation procedure based on survival ratios. This method has been under-utilised in demographic research in the country. The results indicate that during the intercensal period 1996-2001 North West provinc...

Palamuleni, Martin Enock

2010-01-01

218

Trend in lung cancer incidence in Kermanshah province -Iran, 1997-2007  

OpenAIRE

Background: Lung cancer is one of the most fatal and preventable cancers. In this study, we sought to investigate about trend in incidence of lung cancer in Kermanshah province -Iran. Methods: All pathology reports on lung cancer were collected from pathology centers in Kermanshah Province in recent 11 years (1997-2007). After merging the data with cases reported in, province health centre data whole data were analysed using Stata8. Using world standard population, we calculated Standardized ...

Farid Najafi; Rasoul Jafari; Hamid-Reza Mozafari; Zahra Leghaei

2010-01-01

219

???????????????? System Analysis on Sustainable Development of Shandong Province Oil and Gas Industry  

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Full Text Available ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????ISM????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Shandong province is regarded as the mayor province afflicting the sustainable development of our oil and gas. Studying on the oil and gas resources of sustainable development in Shandong province has many guidelines and examples meaning. This article is based on the theory of sustainable development of oil and gas, using the method of ISM to build multi-level model and establishing the factor weight by entropy value method. In the end, the article takes the need of oil and gas in Shandong province as a example to analyze it.

???

2011-07-01

220

Impact of One-Year Methadone Maintenance Treatment in Heroin Users in Jiangsu Province, China  

OpenAIRE

Context: Although the effectiveness of methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is well-established in many countries, it is a relatively new therapy for heroin users in China. Jiangsu Province, a relatively wealthy province, set up 4 MMT clinics in February 2006. No previous studies have evaluated the impact of MMT in a wealthy Chinese province. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of a 1-year MMT among heroin users in Jiangsu Province. We investigated the impact of the tr...

Guohong Chen; Takeo Fujiwara

2009-01-01

221

On Promoting the Construction of Model Province of National Rural Informationization in Hubei  

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Full Text Available The construction of model province of national rural informationization, which needs more departments jointly and participants, is a systematic, socialized major project. Hubei provincial government, standing in the angle of planning the province's economic and social development as a whole, proposes the “one Yuan multi-level” development strategy and it has laid a solid foundation to make Hubei province become the construction pilot provinces of “model province of national rural informationization”. In the construction of model province of rural informationization, the open and inclusive concept is of great significance to realize national long-term goals and make the rural information service sustained and long efficient. At the same time, each department and each participation main body coordinate with each other, which realize the integration of rural information service resources and prevent rural information service from redundant and inefficient investment. Therefore, in the construction of model province of national rural informationization, Hubei province need to uphold the open and inclusive concept, further emancipate the mind, and complement each other. It should strengthen organizational leadership, complete the top planning and design, strengthen the department coordination, innovate information services operating mechanism, strengthen integration of information resources and integrated application of service platform, strengthen the system construction and examination management, strengthen the propaganda guidance, and further promote each work of model province carried out smoothly and orderly.

Pengfei Zhang

2014-04-01

222

Epidemiology of Accidents and Traumas in Qom Province in 2010  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Accidents are the most important public health challenges in our society. To prevent the accidents, the identification of their epidemiological features seems necessary. Objectives This study was conducted to reveal the epidemiological features of accidents and their casualties in Qom province in 2010. Patients and Methods A cross–sectional study was conducted on 29426 injured people referred to Qom province hospitals in 2010. Information about place, time, type of accidents and traumas and demographic variables had been collected in a veteran hospital. Data were analyzed by SPSS (version 16) software, using chi-square test and logistic regression. Results The incidence of accidents was about 27/1000 per year. The incidences of traffic accidents, motorcycle accidents, violence, burns, poisoning and suicides were 3, 1.6, 1.2, 0.3, 0.8, 0.37 cases per 1000 people respectively. Strikes (65%) and falls (12%) were the main causes of traumas. Forty-six percent of all injuries had occurred in 16 - 30 years groups. Most frequent accidents were as follows: fall (97%) and strike (50%) in < 12, violence (46%) in 20 - 29, suicide (71%) in 15 - 29, poisoning (34%) and burns (20%) among < 5 years old. Pedestrian and motorcycle accidents among +60 years old people were significantly higher than other (P = 0.000). Odds ratio for suicide among female was about 3.36 and in 16 - 30 age-group was 15.7 more than +60 years old group (P = 0.000). Conclusions Most traumas in Qom province occurred among younger age-groups and strikes and falls are the main causes of such traumas. Therefore, safeties to prevent falls and traffic regulations to reduce strikes can be effective strategies. PMID:24693520

Karami Joushin, Moharram; Saghafipour, Abedin; Noroozi, Mehdi; Soori, Hamid; Khedmati Morasae, Esmaeil

2013-01-01

223

Climate Change Awareness in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa  

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Full Text Available Climate change is one of the most important environmental issues facing the world today. The impact of climate change is a reality and it cuts across all climate-sensitive sectors including the Agriculture sector. It is well documented by several scientists, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and other experts that climate change threatens sustainable economic development and the totality of human existence. This study will enable small scale maize farmers in Mpumalanga province to understand the challenges and the threat posed by climate variability and climate change. The study was conducted in Nkangala District, Mpumalanga province. Mpumalanga province remains the largest production region for forestry and the majority of the people living in Mpumalanga are farmers and they have contributed immensely to promote food security. However, due to the threat by climate variability and change, sectors such as the Agriculture, Water etc are experiencing the following pattern: (a Putting livelihoods and food production at serious risks due to extreme climatic events, climate variability and change. It was noted that there is a need for climate change awareness across the agriculture sector. Currently, there is enough evidence that shows that climate change is affecting different elements of agriculture such as crops and livestock. Random sampling technique was used to select two hundred and fifty farmers to be interviewed. The questionnaires were administrated to household head farmers and included matters relating to household general information, climate change awareness, land characteristics, observation on climate change and agronomic practices including maize production. Data was analysed using the statistical for social sciences (SPSS version 20. Descriptive statistics was used to describe data and Univariate regression analysis was conducted to demonstrate the relationship and association of variables. It was noted that the majority of farmers in this province need capacity building and also climate change awareness initiatives which would assist these farmers to build the adaptive capacity, increase resilience and reduce vulnerability. By coming up with these kind of interventions it is believed that some of these farmers would be able to change their farming methods, diversify their cropping systems and also introduce drought tolerant crops in order for them to have good yields and also be able to generate good income.

Phokele Maponya

2013-09-01

224

Interdepartmental communication at tertiary hospital campus in the Limpopo Province  

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Full Text Available Interdepartmental communication in a hospital setting is fundamental to the provision of quality patient care. Effective communication modes are important because they result in the improvement of patient care (Tappen, 1995:181. Preliminary investigations into the main problems that underscore patients’ dissatisfaction have identified, among others, the failure of health professionals to communicate effectively. In this study an attempt was made to describe experiences of health professionals with regard to inter-departmental communications , define inter-departmental communication in selected departments of a tertiary hospital campus in the Limpopo Province and lastly, to formulate inter-departmental communication guidelines for health professionals.

TM Mothiba

2008-09-01

225

Herpetofauna, Parc National des Volcans, North Province, Republic of Rwanda  

OpenAIRE

Herein is presented a list of the reptiles and anurans from the Parc National des Volcans (PNV)(01°43’ S, 29°52’ W), an area in the west and north provinces of the Republic of Rwanda in the Albertine Riftregion of Africa. Fieldwork was conducted between two and six days per week from June through August2007 and 2008. We also conducted literature searches of all historical expeditions within the park for speciesrecords. Seventeen species of reptiles and anurans are recorded from the PNV....

Roelke, C. E.; Smith, E. N.

2010-01-01

226

Reef fish and coral assemblages at Maptaput, Rayong Province  

OpenAIRE

This study describes the structure of coral and fish assemblages of a group of small islands and pinnacles in the vicinity of Maptaput deep sea port, Rayong Province, Thailand during 2002. The coral and fish assemblages at Saket Island and nearby pinnacle, Hin-Yai, which are located less than 1 km from the deep sea port, had changed. Living coral cover in 2002 was 8% at Hin-Yai and 4% at Saket Island which decreased from 33% and 64%, respectively in the previous report in 1992. Numbers of cor...

Voravit Cheevaporn; Vipoosit Manthachitra

2007-01-01

227

Paleomagnetic study of Shanwang formation, Shandong Province, China  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The measured direction of the stable remanence of Shanwang Formation, Shandong Province, is D = 355.8 deg., I = 47.1 deg. According to the axial geocentre dipole model, the paleolatitude there during Miocene was 28.3 deg. N. The corrected value based on far-sided effect is 32.4 deg. N. The uncorrected and corrected pole positions were (81.0 deg. N, 323.1 deg. E) and (84.6 deg. N, 339.7 deg. E) separately. Comparing them with paleo-flora shows that the corrected value of paleolatitude is probably reasonable. (author). 14 refs, 3 figs, 1 tab

228

Geophysics report of Santa Rosa place Canelones province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Hydrogeology Section required to Geophysics Department of the DINAMIGE to carry out this report for Education and Culture Ministery, to study the feasibility of the exploration and exploitation of underground waters located in three properties zones in Santa Rosa's town, Canelones province. By means of the geoeletric methods it was possible to estimate the alluviums thickness ,sedimentary deposits or alteration mantels. The purpose of the present work has been to establish geologic and structural features through vertical electric well by means of which is been able to study the vertical variations of the resistivity .

229

Chronic patient care at North West Province clinics  

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Full Text Available Background: Chronic illnesses are a significant burden to the health services in South Africa. There is a specific national health plan whereby chronically ill patients who are acceptably controlled should be managed at clinic level. The perception has emerged that the management of primary care has not been optimal in the Southern District of the North West Province. This provided the motivation to initiate this research, namely consideration of chronic patient care at clinics in the North West Province of South Africa.

Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at four randomly selected clinics covering four sub-districts in the Southern District (North West Province. This was done using charts and registers at the clinics. Inclusion criteria were patients older than 18, and presenting with the following chronic illnesses: asthma/chronic obstructive airways disease (COAD, hypertension, diabetes and epilepsy. The major focus areas were the regular assessment of the patients, the level of control of the illness and the use of the Essential Drugs List and Standard Treatment Guidelines (EDL/STG.

Results: In the cases of all the chronic illnesses it was found that regular assessments were poorly done, with asthma (peak flow measurements being the most poorly done. Control was generally less than 50% for all the illnesses, although the EDL was followed fairly well by the personnel at the clinics.

Conclusion: In the light of the burden of chronic illness the results give cause for great concern about the quality of care for chronically ill patients, and reasons were sought for some of the poor results. A subsequent decision was taken to carry out comprehensive quality improvement projects on each of the illnesses over the following five years.

How to cite this article: Van Deventer C, Couper I, Sondzaba N. Chronic Patient Care at North West Province Clinics. Afr J Prm Health Care & Fam Med. 2009;1(1, Art. #8, 5 pages. DOI: 10.4102/phcfm.v1i1.8

Nontsikelelo Sondzaba

2009-04-01

230

Mammalia, Didelphimorphia and Rodentia, central Santa Fe Province, Argentine.  

OpenAIRE

Three owl pellets samples collected in the localities of Pedro Gómez Cello (= Estación Km. 197;30°02’14” S, 60°18’56” W), Colonia Silva (= Estación Abipones; 30°26’59” S, 60°25’58” W) and Jacinto L. Arauz(30°44’01” S, 60°58’31” W), Province of Santa Fe, Argentina, were studied. We registered 11 genera of smallmammals, including Didelphidae marsupials (1 species), and Caviidae (1), Cricetidae (10), and Muridae (1)rodents. We documented the southernmost record f...

Teta, P.; Pardinas, U. F. J.

2010-01-01

231

Mammalia, Didelphimorphia and Rodentia, central Santa Fe Province, Argentine.  

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Full Text Available Three owl pellets samples collected in the localities of Pedro Gómez Cello (= Estación Km. 197;30°02’14” S, 60°18’56” W, Colonia Silva (= Estación Abipones; 30°26’59” S, 60°25’58” W and Jacinto L. Arauz(30°44’01” S, 60°58’31” W, Province of Santa Fe, Argentina, were studied. We registered 11 genera of smallmammals, including Didelphidae marsupials (1 species, and Caviidae (1, Cricetidae (10, and Muridae (1rodents. We documented the southernmost record for Pseudoryzomys simplex and the first and second recordinglocalities for Santa Fe of Oligoryzomys nigripes and Graomys chacoensis, respectively.

Teta, P.

2010-01-01

232

Lichenicolous fungi in I?d?r province, Turkey  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english As a result of lichenological exploration in the province of I?d?r, Turkey, forty species of lichenicolous fungi belonging to eighteen genera were identified on twenty-seven different lichenized fungi. Four lichenicolous fungi-Arthonia protoparmeliopsidis, Lichenostigma radicans, L. subradians and S [...] clerococcum sphaerale-represent new records for Turkey. In addition, A. protoparmeliopsidis is new to Asia and Gemmaspora lecanorae was found for the second time on Aspicilia sp. Geographical distributions are also presented.

Kenan, Yazici; Javier, Etayo.

2014-03-01

233

Natural radioactivity in the area of Nakhon Si Thammarat Province  

OpenAIRE

This research work aims to study the specific activity of natural radioactivity in soil, rock, construction sand and shallow well water samples in the area of Nakhon Si Thammarat Province. Totally 161 samples were collected and analysed using gamma-ray spectrometry technique. The specific activities of Ra-226, Th-232 and K-40 in soil samples ranged from 8 to 203 (mean 96±18) Bq/kg, 12 to 236 (mean 88±23) Bq/kg and 21 to 1191 (mean 524±127) Bq/kg, in rock samples ranged from 11 to 113 (mean...

Nuanjing, P.; Chittrakarn, T.; Bhongsuwan, T.

2007-01-01

234

Q fever across the Dutch border in Limburg province, Belgium  

OpenAIRE

Data from three different data sources were compiled to estimate the presence of Coxiella burnetii in the Belgian Limburg province for both humans and livestock. First, serological data of all samples sent to the Belgian reference centre (2003-2010) for human Q fever were analysed, showing evidence for an acute Q fever infection in 1-5% of the cases. Second, a multi-centre prospective survey was conducted in Limburg in 2010 to detect undiagnosed human cases; evidence for a recent infection wi...

Naesens, R.; Magerman, K.; Gyssens, I.; Leenders, A.; Meekelenkamp, J.; Esbroeck, M.; Coppens, G.; Oris, E.; Craeghs, J.; Thoelen, I.; Gabrie?ls, P.; Vandevelde, M.; Forier, A. M.; Waumans, L.; Cartuyvels, R.

2012-01-01

235

Crustal architecture of a continental large igneous province  

Science.gov (United States)

The northern Barents Sea was strongly affected by the Cretaceous High Arctic Large Igneous Province through abundant mafic intrusions, eruption of flood basalts, and regional uplift. Recently acquired geophysical data in this region provide a unique opportunity to study in detail crustal architecture of large igneous provinces. A giant dike swarm is identified based on magnetic anomalies coherent over a distance of hundreds of kilometers. Coincident ocean bottom seismometer, multichannel streamer, and gravity data indicate that the surface basalts and shallow sills were associated with feeder systems cross-cutting the entire crust. At the same time, the distribution of dikes exhibits more complex pattern than radially symmetric with respect to the presumable magmatic center in the Alpha Ridge region. Thus, the preferred orientation of dikes could be controlled by both paleostress and pre-existing weaknesses (Early-Late Paleozoic faults). The data do not indicate a thick igneous mafic lower crust while the existence of heavy ultramafic cumulates below the Moho has not been resolved yet. In view of these observations different models of magma transport and related paleo-surface topography are discussed.

Minakov, Alexander; Faleide, Jan Inge; Krupnova, Natalia; Sakoulina, Tamara

2014-05-01

236

Infertility in Mazandaran province - north of Iran: an etiological study  

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Full Text Available Background: The prevalence and etiology of infertility are not similar in different parts of the world. There are only few reports of this topic in Iran.Objective: This study was conducted to determine the clinical patterns and major causes of infertility in Mazandaran province in north of Iran.Materials and Methods: The medical records of 3734 consecutive couples attending two infertility clinics in Mazandaran province, from 2003 to 2008, were reviewed. The couples had not had a viable birth after at least 1 year of unprotected intercourse and were fully investigated.Results: Of the entire samples, 78.7% had primary infertility and 21.3% had secondary infertility. The mean duration of infertility in couples was 5.7±4 years. The etiology of infertility in couples revealed; male factor in 38.9%, female factor in 34.7%, combined factors in 14.6% and undetermined cause in 11.8%.Conclusion: In this study, delayed attendance of infertile couples to the infertility clinic was found. Therefore, there is a need to revise public health program on infertility to focus on the education and prevention of infertility and its risk factors.

Nadali Musanejad

2011-01-01

237

Malaria incidence in Limpopo Province, South Africa, 1998–2007  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Malaria is endemic in the low-altitude areas of the northern and eastern parts of South Africa with seasonal transmission. The aim of this descriptive study is to give an overview of the malaria incidence and mortality in Limpopo Province for the seasons 1998–1999 to 2006–2007 and to detect trends over time and place. Methods Routinely collected data on diagnosed malaria cases and deaths were available through the provincial malaria information system. In order to calculate incidence rates, population estimates (by sex, age and district were obtained from Statistics South Africa. The Chi squared test for trend was used to detect temporal trends in malaria incidence over the seasons, and a trend in case fatality rate (CFR by age group. The Chi squared test was used to calculate differences in incidence rate and CFR between both sexes and in incidence by age group. Results In total, 58,768 cases of malaria were reported, including 628 deaths. The mean incidence rate was 124.5 per 100,000 person-years and the mean CFR 1.1% per season. There was a decreasing trend in the incidence rate over time (p Conclusion Information from this study may serve as baseline data to determine the course and distribution of malaria in Limpopo province over time. In the study period there was a decreasing trend in the incidence rate. Furthermore, the study addresses the need for better data over a range of epidemic-prone settings.

Grobusch Martin P

2008-08-01

238

Helminths of guineafowls in Limpopo Province, South Africa  

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Full Text Available Between July 2005 and November 2006 the gastro-intestinal helminths of 15 Helmeted guineafowls and a single Crested guineafowl from Musina, Limpopo Province were examined, and in July and August 2005 helminths were collected from five Helmeted guineafowls from Mokopane in the same province. The acanthocephalan Mediorhynchus gallinarum, the cestodes Abuladzugnia gutterae, Davainea nana, Hymenolepis cantaniana, Numidella numida, Octopetalum numida, Ortleppolepis multiuncinata, Porogynia paronai, Raillietina angusta, Raillietina pintneri, Raillietina steinhardti and Raillietina sp. and the nematodes Ascaridia numidae, Cyrnea parroti, Gongylonema congolense, Hadjelia truncata, Sicarius caudatus, Subulura dentigera, Subulura suctoria, Subulura sp., Tetrameres numida and an unidentified subulurid were recovered. A single trematode species, Dicrocoelium macrostomum, was present in the liver. Mediorhynchus gallinarum, A. gutterae, O. multiuncinata, H. truncata and S. caudatus are recorded for the first time from Helmeted guineafowls, as well as from South Africa. South Africa is a new geographic record for D. macrostomum, G. congolense and D. nana. Subulura suctoria, G. congolense and H. truncata from the Crested guineafowl constitute new host-parasite associations.

J. Boomker

2010-09-01

239

alpha-Thalassemia mutation analyses in Mazandaran province, North Iran.  

Science.gov (United States)

Two hundred and fifty-five patients from Mazandaran Province, Iran, all presenting with hypochromic and microcytic anemia, were selected for alpha-thalassemia (alpha-thal) mutation screening. We detected a total of 274 alpha-globin mutations in 227 (89%) of these patients. Among the 21 different alpha-globin alleles found, the -alpha(3.7) (44.9%), polyadenylation signal 2 (poly A2) (AATAAA>AATGAA) (18.2%), -alpha(4.2) (9.1%), alpha(IVS-I(-5 nt)) (6.5%), - -(MED) (4.3%), and alpha(codon 19 (-G)) (4%) were the most frequent. The other 15 mutations included variants that had not yet been observed in Iran, such as Hb Bleuland [alpha108(G15)ThrAsn, ACC>AAC (alpha2)], as well as a novel mutation on the alpha2 gene, also not described to date [3 ' untranslated region (3 'UTR) nucleotide (nt) 46 (C>A)]. These comprehensive new data are useful for establishing a screening strategy for the effective control of alpha-thal in Mazandaran Province. PMID:19373587

Tamaddoni, Ahmad; Hadavi, Valeh; Nejad, Nima Hafezi; Khosh-Ain, Atefeh; Siami, Rita; Aghai-Meibodi, Jalil; Almadani, Navid; Oberkanins, Christian; Law, Hai-Yang; Najmabadi, Hossein

2009-01-01

240

"Seroepidemiology of Hydatid Cyst in Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari Province, Iran"  

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Full Text Available Abstract Hydatid cyst is the larval stage of the cestode worm Echinococcus granulosus, which causes echinococcosis in human and some other mammalian. Iran is located in endemic zone of this disease and Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari province, due to existence of sheep husbandry jobs, has a potential for high prevalence of the disease, . Therefore, this investigation was carried out to study seroepidemiology of hydatic cyst in human in this area. In this descriptive study, 1000 serum samples from blood donors and 1524 from patients referred to clinical laboratories of the province, were subjected to immunoelectrophoresis to detect seropositive cases for hydatid cyst. The prevalence of hydatid cyst in sample population (2524 were 4.8 percent. The infection rate of the disease among males and females was 4.4% and 5.1% respectively. Lordegan city had the highest rate of the infection while Ardal city had the lowest one. Blood donors had a lower infection rate compared with patients referred to clinical laboratories. The results of this investigation revealed that there was a major difference between the prevalence of hydatid cyst in Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari and that of some other parts of the world.

H Yousefi Darani

2003-08-01

241

Genetic Characterization of Shigella flexneri Isolates in Guizhou Province, China  

Science.gov (United States)

Shigella flexneri is one of the major etiologic causes of shigellosis in Guizhou Province, China. However, the genetic characteristics of circulating isolates are unknown. Phenotypic and molecular profiles of 60 S. flexneri isolates recovered in Guizhou between 1972 to 1982 and 2008 to 2010 were determined. Nine serotypes (1a, 2a, 3a, 1b, 2b, X, Y, 4av and Yv) were identified. Multi-locus sequence typing differentiated the isolates into 20 sequence types (STs); 18 were novel. Four STs, ST 129, ST 100, ST 126 and ST 18, were most abundant, accounting for 65% of the isolates. Thirty-nine NotI-pulsed field gel electrophoresis patterns (pulsotypes, PTs) were observed; eight PTs were represented by more than one isolate with six isolates sharing the PT 13 profile. Multi-locus variable-nucleotide tandem-repeat analysis recognized 44 different types (MTs); seven MTs were represented by more than one isolate and MT 1 was most commonly encountered. Correlation between genetic relationships and serotypes was observed among the isolates studied; the majority of isolates belonging to the same serotype from different years clustered together based on the molecular data. These clustered isolates were also from similar geographical origins. These results enhance our understanding of genetic relationships between S. flexneri in Guizhou Province and can be used to help understand the changing etiology of shigellosis in China. PMID:25617838

Li, Shijun; Sun, Qiangzheng; Wei, Xiaoyu; Klena, John D.; Wang, Jianping; Liu, Ying; Tian, Kecheng; Luo, Xia; Ye, Changyun; Xu, Jianguo; Wang, Dingming; Tang, Guangpeng

2015-01-01

242

A short history of nuclear activities in Mendoza province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Uranium was found in Mendoza in 1946 in 'Soberania' and 'Independencia' mines. After its creation in 1950 CNEA, together with Cuyo National University (UNC), developed the mining industry starting with the 'Papagayos' mine. It can be considered the beginning of the systematic exploitation of uranium in the country. In course of time the province of Mendoza passed to get one of the most uraniferous reserve of Argentina and it has accumulated the major production till now. However, in the last years there has been opposition to resume the production in the Sierra Pintada Uranium Manufacturing Complex. There was also a powerful land continuous progress in the field of no energetic applications of nuclear techniques in the province. The most outstanding example is the 'School of Nuclear Medicine Foundation', with installations in Mendoza city and in San Rafael. Besides, there is a research and development group in Cuyo National University devoted to the Nuclear Safety. Finally, we can not fail to mention the Auger Pierre Project, which is building in Malargue an observatory for the study of the cosmic rays. (author)

243

Evaluation of Congenital Hypothyroidism in Fars Province, Iran  

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Full Text Available Objective: In Iran thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH based neonatal screening program is included in health care services from 2005 for detection of patients with primary congenital hypothyroidism (CH. This study was performed for a critical evaluation of the screening program primary congenital hypothyroidism in Fars province,Iran.Methods: From November 2006 to September 2007, TSH serum concentrations of 63031 newborns, 3 to 5 days old born in Fars province, were measured by heel prick. The newborns with TSH ?5mIU/L were recalled for measurement of serumT4 and TSH in venous blood samples Findings: Of 127 recalled subjects, 43 were confirmed to be hypothyroid, showing a prevalence of 1:1465 with F:M ratio of 1.05:1. The most common clinical and radiological findings were prolonged jaundice (73%, large anterior fontanel (56%, wide posterior fontanel (55%, absence of distal femoral epiphysis (20%, andumbilical hernia (11%. Scintigraphy of the thyroid with 99mTC revealed eutopia (67.4%, hypoplasia (23.3%,agenesis (4.7% and ectopia (2.3%.Conclusion: It is concluded that a cut off value of TSH?5mIU/L overestimates recalling the number of patientswith CH. The most common cause of congenital hypothyroidism is not dysgenesis of the gland and perhaps dyshormonogenesis in Iran is more common than what is reported in other countries.

Hamdollah Karamifar

2012-03-01

244

Culicinae mosquitoes in Sanandaj county, Kurdistan province, western Iran  

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Full Text Available Background & objectives: This study aims at studying mosquito-borne diseases as the major publichealth threat in Iran. Sanandaj outskirts are considered suitable habitats for mosquito larvae. Inview of scanty reports on mosquito-borne disease implementation in this area, a study was undertakento determine the mosquito fauna and frequency of mosquito larvae at Sanandaj City.Methods: In order to study the mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae fauna, the samples were collectedfrom May to July 2009 using dipping and night catch methods in Sanandaj district, Kurdistanprovince, western Iran.Results: Three genera and 11 species of the Culicinae subfamily were identified—Aedes vexansMeigen, Ochlerotatus caspius s.l. Pallas (indicating new occurrence records for the province,Culex hortensis Ficalbi, Cx. pipiens Linnaeus, Cx. mimeticus Noe, Cx. theileri Theobald, Culisetalongiareolata Macquart, and Cs. subochrea Edwards.Interpretation & conclusion: Present study revealed that Ae. vexans and Ochlerotatus caspius s.lcaught had not been previously recorded in Kurdistan province, highlighting the deficient knowledgeof the fauna and distribution of Culicinae mosquitoes of this part of Iran

S.H. Moosa Kazemi

2010-06-01

245

An outbreak of canine aflatoxicosis in Gauteng Province, South Africa  

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Full Text Available Sporadic outbreaks of aflatoxicosis occur in dogs when they consume contaminated dog food. During 2011, low-cost brands of pelleted dog food were contaminated with very high concentrations of aflatoxins. Approximately 100 dogs were presented to the Onderstepoort Veterinary Academic Hospital. Clinically, the dogs were depressed to collapsed and icteric, with haematemesis, melaena and haematochezia. The most common pathological findings were icterus, gastro-enterorrhagia and hepatosis. On histopathological examination, fatty hepatosis and bile duct proliferation were observed. A consistent, very characteristic finding was the presence of a blue-grey granular material within the bile ducts. A total of 124 samples of the dog food fed to the affected dogs was analysed to determine aflatoxin concentrations. Concentrations ranged from below the limit of quantification (< 5 ?g/kg to 4946 ?g/kg and six samples were submitted to determine the ratio of aflatoxins in the feed. It is estimated that well over 220 dogs died in the Gauteng Province of South Africa as a result of this aflatoxin outbreak.

How to cite this article: Arnot LF, Duncan NM, Coetzer H, Botha CJ. An outbreak of canine aflatoxicosis in Gauteng Province, South Africa. Jl S Afr vet Ass. 2012;83(1, Art. #2, 4 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v83i1.2

Luke F. Arnot

2012-04-01

246

PHYSIC NUT ( JATROPHA CURCAS L. DISEASES IN LAMPUNG PROVINCE  

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Full Text Available Intensifi ed cultivation of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L. could raise the importance of plant diseases. h e objectives of this research were to diagnose diseases occurring on physic nut in Lampung Province and to determine their intensity. Field observation was conducted in four districts: South Lampung, Tanggamus, Bandarlampung, and Tulang Bawang. Disease intensity, whether expressed as disease incidence or severity, was recorded from plant samples determined by making diagonal lines across the fi eld on which fi ve observation spots were made. On each spot, fi ve plant samples were observed. Specimens were also collected and placed individually in plastic bags for laboratory observation. h e diseases found on physic nut in Lampung Province were cercospora leaf spot, alternaria leaf spot, fusarium wilt, and bacterial wilt. In addition, leaf malformation fi rst thought to be viral disease was commonly found in many locations. Further mechanical transmission failed to produce similar symptom on tested plants and higher population of mites were found on malformed leaves than that in normal leaves. Based on the disease distribution and intensity, the most likely threatening disease in physic nut cultivation is bacterial wilt. Fusarium also caused wilt, but it was only found in one subdistrict with low incidence.

TRI MARYONO

2009-01-01

247

Energy balances for the province Drenthe, Netherlands; Energiebalansen provincie Drenthe  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

ECN Policy Studies performed an analysis of energy use and renewable energy in Drenthe in 2010 and 2020 for the province of Drenthe. It is based on a parallel investigation with respect to energy demand, renewable energy, and emissions, among which greenhouse gas emissions, for the Netherlands, to be published in September 2012. The energy use is detailed by economic sector. Also, the study provides relatively detailed estimates of renewable energy production in Drenthe in 2010 and 2020. The results may be used by the province to underpin their strategy with regard to their energy efficiency, renewable energy, and environmental policy. [Dutch] De provincie Drenthe heeft ECN Beleidsstudies gevraagd om energiebalansen op te stellen voor de provincie voor de jaren 2010 en 2020. De resultaten van het onderzoek kunnen de provincie helpen bij kwantitatieve onderbouwing van het energie- en milieubeleid. Wat betreft de Drentse energievoorziening wordt onderscheid gemaakt naar de volgende sectoren: Huishoudens; Handel, diensten en overheid (HDO); Land- en tuinbouw; Energiesector; Industrie; en Verkeer en vervoer.

Lako, P.; Daniels, B.W.; Kroon, P.; Lensink, S.M.; Plomp, A.J.; Sipma, J.M.; Tigchelaar, C.; Vethman, P.; Volkers, C.H.; Wetzels, W. [ECN Beleidsstudies, Petten (Netherlands)

2012-07-15

248

Incidence of Low Birth Weight in Mazandaran Province, Northern Iran  

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Full Text Available Objectives: Low Birth Weight (LBW has an important role in the mortality and morbidity of neonates and the incidence of LBW may vary across different environments. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and some related factors of LBW in Mazandaran province, Northern Iran.Methods: In this longitudinal study, all live births that were born in 5 maternity hospitals in Mazandaran province, north of Iran in 2011, were evaluated. Data including birth weight, sex, maternal age, gestational age, living location, number of pregnancy and delivery, as well as multiple births were recorded in medical files. LBW neonates were compared with neonates whose birth weight was more than 2,500 gram (control group.Results: Out of 3792 infants, 2.9% (CI 95%: 2.3-3.3 were of low birth weight. Sixty percent of the infants in the LBW group and 8.3% in the control group were preterm, (p0.05.Conclusion: Results show that the incidence of LBW in Mazandaran was low and prevention of preterm labor, educational intervention programs for high risk can be effective in the prevention of low birth weight.

Mohammad Khorshidi

2013-01-01

249

Economic Analysis of Production of Greenhouse Products in Kerman Province  

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Full Text Available Kerman province is the largest producer of greenhouse cucumber and tomato in Iran. This paper calculates the interest rate of return (IRR and return period of investment (RPI in vegetable, cut flowers and strawberry in greenhouse and compares them with vegetable grown outdoors. To do the study, a random sample of 309 farmers was selected in the province of Kerman in 2005. Results showed that IRR for vegetable, cut flowers and strawberry in greenhouse was about 20, 14 and 23 respectively, and it was 45/8 percentage per year for vegetable outdoors. RPI for vegetable, cut flowers and strawberry in greenhouse was about 8, 29, and 7 years, respectively. Vegetables Production under greenhouse produces more employment opportunities, has better yields, higher price and efficient use of factors, but it has lower IRR, higher production cost, higher pesticide residue and is more capital intensive in comparison with outdoor production. Improvement of greenhouse credits, enlargement of metal greenhouses, research on yield and development of greenhouses at region 5 are the important policy-making implications of this paper.

H. Mehrabi Basharabadi

2008-07-01

250

Dynamic supervising methods in north part of Shaanxi province  

Science.gov (United States)

In order to have an objective understanding of the status that vegetation is resumed and the progress that the ecology environment construction project makes in Shaanxi province, we utilized the year of 1997 as a benchmark in our investigation and did the dynamic supervising for the variations in the north part of Shaanxi province under the support of 3S technology. The major task of the dynamic supervising had been completed by the software of ERDAS IMAGINE. Three dynamic supervising methods are used: (1) Difference value or ratio value of TM images from two different periods was calculated and the area of variation was obtained. (2) TM remote sensing images from the two different periods are merged, based on which the corresponding relationship between the zone where the light spectrum property changed abruptly and the variation of practical use of land was found. (3) Light spectrum curves for different ground objects in different areas were established on the basis of the classified result of 1997. According to those curves, the present classified diagram was made and the variation diagrams of the land using were obtained after comparing these two classified diagrams.

Zhuo, Jing; Liu, Anlin; Li, Dengke; Deng, Fengdong; Zhang, Jinghong

2003-07-01

251

[Intestinal parasitoses detected in primary schoolchildren in the Van province].  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was carried out on school children in primary schools in the Van province in order to investigate the distribution of intestinal parasitoses. The study was conducted in 7-15 year-old primary schoolchildren during the years from 2003-2005. Stool specimens were taken from 2975 school children; of these, 1289 were female and 1686, male. The specimens were examined by native-Lugol, flotation and trichrome staining methods in the parasitology laboratory of the Health Research and Training Hospital, Yüzüncü Yil University. One or more parasite species were detected in 1916 (64.4%) stool specimens of 2975 children. Parasitosis was detected in 65.7% of females and in 63.4% of males. Blastocystis hominis, Giardia intestinalis, Entamoeba coli, Iodamoeba butschlii, Chilomastix mesnili, Endolimax nana, Entamoeba histolytica/Entamoeba dispar, Entamoeba hartmanni, Enteromonas hominis, Retortamonas intestinalis, Dientamoeba fragilis, Trichomonas hominis, Ascaris lumbricoides, Hymenolepis nana, Trichuris trichiura, Enterobius vermicularis and Fasciola hepatica were detected in 27.4%, 16.4%, 14.9%, 3.9%, 2.9%, 1.8%, 1.1%, 0.6%, 0.5%, 0.5%, 0.4%, 0.2%, 7.5%, 5.3%, 0.7%, 0.6% and 0.03% of the specimens, respectively. In conclusion, there are still high rates of intestinal parasitoses in school children in this region because care is not taken in hygiene and the socioeconomic status is low in the Van province. PMID:20101580

Ta? Cengiz, Zeynep; Akbayram, Sinan; Ciçek, Mutalip; Yilmaz, Hasan

2009-01-01

252

Trachoma prevalence in rural primary school children, Gansu Province  

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Full Text Available AIM: To make a survey on people suffering trachoma in Gansu province, and to provide evidence for developing trachoma control and prevention therapy.METHODS: We chose the zone on the basis of relative information. Provincial Office of Blindness Prevention carried out the survey in 3 counties including Tange Township of Wushan, Xiqu Township of Minqin and Hulinjia Township of Jishishan from October 14, 2013 to November 23, 2013. One hundred and fifty primary school students were selected, including 72 boys and 78 girls aging from 5a to 10a with the average age of 7.5y. The targeted students received the fast trachoma assessment by the adoption of simplified trachoma classification system which was recommended by the World Health Organization. RESULTS: No case of active trachoma, trachomatous trichiasis and corneal disease were examined among 150 students. CONCLUSION: The rate of trachoma is low in Gansu province. But we still cannot get the conclusion that there is no epidemic of trachoma in Gansu. And we need to further expand the survey scope to correctly assess the trachoma case and to provide reliable evidence for trachoma prevention and control.

Ya-Dong Wang

2014-08-01

253

Parasitic Infections of Free –Range Chickens from Golestan Province, Iran  

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Full Text Available "nBackground: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, intensity, and species of internal and external parasites of native fowls from Golestan Province, north of Iran. "nMethods: During 2007, different organs of 26 and 24  adult female native fowls  collected   from hu­mid parts (Gorgan, Kord Kooy, Ramian and Bandar Gaz and dry regions  (Gonbad Kavoos, and Ban­dar Torkaman of Golestan Province,  respectively were searched for parasite. Two blood smears taken from each bird were stained with Geimsa. External parasites and nematodes were preserved in 70 % alcohol containing 5% glycerin. Cestodes were fixed in 10% formalin and stained with carmine acid for further studies. "nResults: Fifteen species of parasites were collected from alimentary canals, lungs, feathers and subcu­ta­neous nodules as follows: Alimentary canal: Ascaridia galli (56%, Heterakis gallinarum (24%, Capil­laria anatis (4%, Cheilospirura hamulosa (4%, Raillietina tetragona (58%, R. echinobothrida (6%, and Choanotaenia infundibulum (8%; Lungs: Syngamus trachea (16%; Feathers: Monopon gallinae (40%, Menacanthus stramineus (40%, Liperus caponis (32%, Goniodes dissimilis (38%, Cuclogaster heterographus (8%, Dermanissus gallinae (20% and subcutaneous nodules: Lami­nosioptes cysticola (6%. "nConclusion: The frequency distribution of most species was low. L. cysticola is the first host and distri­bution record for Iran

S Rahbari

2009-07-01

254

Adsorption of mercury on laterite from Guizhou Province, China.  

Science.gov (United States)

The adsorption behaviors of Hg(II) on laterite from Guizhou Province, China, were studied and the adsorption mechanism was discussed. The results showed that different mineral compositons in the laterite will cause differences in the adsorption capacity of laterite to Hg(II). Illite and non-crystalloids are the main contributors to enhancing the adsorption capacity of laterite to Hg(II). The pH of the solution is an important factor affecting the adsorption of Hg(II) on laterite. The alkalescent environment (pH 7-9) is favorable to the adsorption of Hg(II). The amount of adsorbed Hg(II) increases with increasing pH. When the pH reaches a certain value, the amount of the adsorbed Hg(II) will reach the maximum level. The amount of adsorbed Hg(II) decreases with increasing pH. The optimal pHs of laterite and kaolinite are 9 and 8, respectively. The optimal initial concentrations of Hg(II) on laterite and kaolinite are 250 and 200 microg/ml, respectively. The adsorption isotherms were described by the Langmuir model. The adsorption of Hg(II) on laterite is a quick process while that of Hg(II) on kaolinite is a slow reaction. Laterite from Guizhou Province is a promising environmental material which can be used in the removal of Hg(II) from wastewater. PMID:19202872

Yu, Xiaohong; Zhu, Lijun; Guo, Baiwei; He, Shouyang

2008-01-01

255

IT Implementation in ITE in the Limpopo Province (South Africa): A Dream or Reality?  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes the results of a survey about the most critical issues facing the implementation of IT (information technology) ITE (initial teacher education) in all the HBUs (historically black universities) in the Limpopo Province of South Africa. Over 250 responses were received and both universities in the Limpopo Province were…

Monobe, Ratau John

2011-01-01

256

Analysis of Occupational Infections among Health Care Workers in Limpopo Province of South Africa  

OpenAIRE

Objective: Occupational infections particularly hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) are a serious problem in the healthcare industry worldwide. This study purported to investigate their prevalence and risk factors among healthcare workers from Limpopo province of South Africa. Methods: Cases about occupational infectious diseases of healthcare workers from Limpopo province that were submitted to the Compensation Commission...

Ntambwe Malangu; Adelaide Legothoane

2012-01-01

257

Knowledge about HIV and AIDS among Young South Africans in the Capricorn District, Limpopo Province  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: To assess the basic knowledge about HIV and AIDS among young South Africans in the Capricorn District of Limpopo Province, South Africa. Design: A questionnaire-based cohort study, involving data collection from senior high school students. Setting: Randomly selected high schools in the Capricorn District, Limpopo Province, South…

Melwa, Irene T.; Oduntan, Olalekan A.

2012-01-01

258

Mortimer Hills pegmatite uranium prospect: a Rossing-type uranium deposit in the Gascoyne Province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A uraninite-bearing pegmatite of large dimensions in the Gascoyne Province is described. The pegmatite is compared with the Rossing uranium ore body of South West Africa and the two are shown to have common characteristics. Exploration recommendations for Rossing-type uranium mineralization in the Gascoyne Province are made

259

The analysis report on the development of agricultural product radiation processing industry in Henan province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Thorough investigation and study the problems of sustainable development about radiation processing industry of agricultural products in Henan Province, put forward to promote a series of policies for sustainable development to radiation processing industry of agricultural products in Henan Province. (authors)

260

Geothermal energy in the Dutch province Noord-Holland. Survey of sites for geothermal energy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Province of North Holland, the Netherlands, commissioned an outlook on the opportunities for geothermal energy in North Holland. The outlook addresses both the opportunities offered underground and possible locations for heat sales that follow from the regional plans of the province.

261

Problems and Solution on the New-type Rural Endowment Insurance in Hebei Province of China  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This Paper based on the statistical and research data, analysis the present situation of new-type rural endowment insurance in Hebei province of China, proposed countermeasures to improve the operation mechanism, promote the development of new rural endowment insurance in Hebei province, improving social welfare and happiness, conducive to the harmonious development of society.

Yanfang Gu

2011-08-01

262

Malnutrition in China's Rural Boarding Schools: The Case of Primary Schools in Shaanxi Province  

Science.gov (United States)

The main goal of this paper is to document the nature of boarding schools and empirically analyse the difference in nutrition intake and malnutrition status between boarding and non-boarding students in western rural China. By using two data sets on boarding schools and boarding students in Shaanxi Province, a representative province in western…

Luo, Renfu; Shi, Yaojiang; Zhang, Linxiu; Liu, Chengfang; Rozelle, Scott; Sharbono, Brian

2009-01-01

263

An Empirical Study of the Environmental Kuznets Curve in Sichuan Province, China  

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Full Text Available The empirical Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC literature is colorful but far from conclusive. The environmental Kuznets hypothesis (EKC confirms an inverse U-shaped relationship between environmental pollution and per capita income. Many authors have analyzed the existence of an EKC for various pollutants. Others have used the EKC framework to identify country characteristics that help to explain the income–environment relationship. But for a local area, such as a province, studies are rare indeed. In this framework, based on the GDP per capita and emissions of industrial waste from 1985 to 2010 in Sichuan Province, China, the relationship is analyzed using regression between economic development and environment in Sichuan Province. Our evidence suggests that there exists a U-shaped or an inverted N-shaped relationship between environmental pollution and economic development in Sichuan Province, that is to say, the environmental Kuznets hypothesis is invalid in Sichuan Province. There are two possible reasons for this conclusion: firstly, KEC curve will not appear at any level of the economic development in Sichuan Province; secondly, the Environmental Kuznets Curve in Sichuan Province exists objectively, but the economic development in Sichuan Province at current stage is not sufficient enough to promote the appearance of KEC curve. However, more attention must be paid to the relation between environmental pollution and per capita income and appropriate environmental policies are required.

Chuanqi Fan

2013-05-01

264

The Simulation of Extraterrestrial Solar Radiation Based on SOTER in Zhangpu Sample Plot and Fujian Province  

OpenAIRE

The study establishes DEMs and the computer models of daily extraterrestrial radiation in Zhangpu sample plot and Fujian province and annually extraterrestrial radiation in Fujian province using GIS base on SOTER. The results indicate that the daily extraterrestrial radiation is mainl...

Zhi-qiang Chen; Jian-fei Chen

2010-01-01

265

Re-emergence of dog rabies in Mpumalanga province, South Africa.  

Science.gov (United States)

Dog rabies has commonly been associated with the eastern and southern border areas in Mpumalanga province, and the Nkomazi district in the east has been most affected. In other parts of the province, canid rabies has been under control for many years; however, in 2008, dog rabies spread to other parts of the province and resulted in a widespread outbreak. The objective of this study was to genetically characterize rabies viruses in an attempt to determine the source of this recent outbreak. Fifty-five rabies viruses were recovered from domestic dogs between 2000 and 2008 from Mpumalanga province and bordering areas. The viruses were characterized through nucleotide sequencing of the cytoplasmic domain of the glycoprotein gene and the G-L intergenic region. Phylogenetic analysis of these viruses and those previously characterized from Mpumalanga province and neighboring countries and provinces clearly supported the placement of the viruses from the current outbreak and those from Nkomazi district in one lineage. This demonstrated that the recent emergence of rabies in Mpumalanga province resulted from the spread of rabies from Nkomazi district. A comparative analysis demonstrated close genetic relationships among rabies viruses from Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal provinces, Swaziland, and Mozambique. Findings from this investigation have shown that rabies continues to pose a definite public health threat in South Africa, a situation similar to other African countries. PMID:20370435

Mkhize, Gugulethu C; Ngoepe, Ernest C; Du Plessis, Ben J A; Reininghaus, Bjorn; Sabeta, Claude T

2010-11-01

266

The arsenic contamination of rice in Guangdong Province, the most economically dynamic provinces of China: arsenic speciation and its potential health risk.  

Science.gov (United States)

Rice is a staple food in China, but it may contain toxic heavy metals. Hence, the concentrations of arsenic (As) species (As(III), As(V), MMA and DMA) were evaluated in 260 rice samples from 13 cities of Guangdong Province, the most economically dynamic provinces of China. The levels of sum concentrations of As species in rice samples varied from non-detect to 225.58 ng g(-1), with an average value of 57.27 ng g(-1). The mean concentrations of the major As species detected in rice samples were in the order As(III) (34.77 ng g(-1)) > As(V) (9.34 ng g(-1)) > DMA (8.33 ng g(-1)) > MMA (4.82 ng g(-1)). The rice samples of Guangdong Province were categorized as inorganic As type. Significant geographical variation of As speciation existed in rice samples of 13 cities of Guangdong Province by chi-square test (p < 0.05). The average human weekly intakes of inorganic As via rice consumption in Guangdong Province, southern China, were 1.91 µg kg(-1) body weight. Hazard quotients of total As via rice consumption of adults in 13 cities ranged from 0.06 to 0.30, indicating the As contents in rice from Guangdong Province had no potential adverse impact on human health. PMID:25287102

Lin, Kai; Lu, Shaoyou; Wang, Jun; Yang, Yuyi

2014-10-01

267

[Dynamics of recent cultivated land in Zhejiang Province and relevant driving factors].  

Science.gov (United States)

Through the human-computer interactive interpretation of the 2000, 2005, and 2008 remote sensing images of Zhejiang Province with the help of RS and GIS techniques, the dynamic database of cultivated land change in the province in, 2000-2008 was established, and the driving factors of the cultivated land change were analyzed by ridge regression analysis. There was a notable cultivated land change in the province in 2000-2008. In 2000-2005 and 2005-2008, the annual cultivated land change in the province arrived -1.42% and -1.46%, respectively, and most of the cultivated land was changed into residential and industrial land. Non-agricultural population rate, real estate investment, urban green area, and orchard area were thought to be the main driving factors of the cultivated land change in Zhejiang Province, and even, in the developed areas of east China. PMID:21442998

Zhang, Hai-dong; Yu, Dong-sheng; Shi, Xue-zheng; Liu, Ying-an; Wang, Shi-hang; Zhang, Guang-xing; Liu, Yang

2010-12-01

268

The Analysis of Development Condition of Taekwondo Dan System in Hebei Province  

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Full Text Available This article made use of the literature, questionnaire and mathematical statistics method for the Taekwondo practitioners and coaches in Hebei province to carry out investigation, analysis on the development situation of Dan system of Taekwondo, to influence and implement Dan system development of Taekwondo in Hebei province. The results showed, most road museums are organizing assessment of Dan System, but there is still half of the practitioners are willing to participate in grading system of examination and did not participate in. The results show that the development of grading system of Taekwondo in Hebei province, however, there are still some problems. The research of this paper provides a theoretical basis for the development of Hebei province, but also to contribute to the promotion of Taekwondo Dan made better development in Hebei province.

Cao Shen

2015-01-01

269

Selected conditions for the development of tourism in the sieradzkie province in the Years 1975-1998  

OpenAIRE

On 1st June 1975 a new two-tier administrative division of the country was introduced creating 49 new provinces. One of the newly created provinces was sieradzkie. On the territory of the sieradzkie province the development of tourism was coordinated and supervised by the department for physical education and tourism (the name of the department during the period changed repeatedly). The main factors for the development of tourism in the sieradzkie province included: the amount of funding s...

Arkadiusz P?omi?ski

2014-01-01

270

Energy consumption and income in Chinese provinces: Heterogeneous panel causality analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Highlights: ? We examine the Granger causality between GDP and energy use for Chinese provinces. ? We use panel causality techniques and take into consideration panel heterogeneity. ? Homogeneous causality tests fail and we test for panel heterogeneous causality. ? Causality holds for 19 provinces from GDP to energy and in the opposite direction for 14 provinces. ? The results point to the importance of the government’s recent energy-saving policies. -- Abstract: Recently, energy production in China fell behind energy consumption. This poses important challenges for the rapidly growing Chinese economy. As a consequence, the causal relationship between energy consumption and GDP is an important empirical issue. This paper examines Granger causality between energy consumption and GDP in China using province-level data. The current paper extends the Granger causality analysis employed in previous studies by taking into account panel heterogeneity. Specifically, four different causal relationships are examined: homogeneous non-causality (HNC), homogeneous causality (HC), heterogeneous non-causality (HENC), and heterogeneous causality (HEC). HC and HNC hypotheses are rejected for causality in either direction, from GDP to energy or from energy to GDP, which implies that the panel made up of Chinese provinces is not homogeneous. Then, heterogeneous causality tests (HEC ad HENC) are conducted for each province. For the causality running from GDP to energy, 19 provinces exhibit HEC and 11 provinces exhibit HENC. For the causality running from energy to GDP, 14 provinces exhibit HEC and 16 provinces exhibit HENC. The results suggest that the Chinese government should incorporate a regional perspective while formulating and implementing energy policies.

271

Heavy daily-rainfall characteristics over the Gauteng Province  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Daily rainfall over the Gauteng Province, South Africa, was analysed for the summer months of October to March using 32-yr (1977 to 2009) daily rainfall data from about 70 South African Weather Service stations. The monthly and seasonal variation of heavy rainfall occurrences was also analysed. Thre [...] e 24-h heavy rainfall classes are defined considering the area-average rainfall. A significant rainfall event is defined when the average rainfall exceeds 10 mm, a heavy rainfall event when the average rainfall exceeds 15 mm and a very heavy rainfall event when the average rainfall exceeds 25 mm. January months have the highest monthly average rainfall as well as the highest number of heavy and very heavy rainfall days. The month with the second-highest number of heavy and very heavy rainfall days is February followed by March and October. December has the second-highest monthly average rainfall and the most days with rain. However, it is also the month with the lowest number of heavy and very heavy rainfall days. The highest 24-h rainfall recorded at a single station during the 32-yr period was 300 mm in December 2006. However, rainfall exceeding 115 mm at a single rainfall station in the Gauteng Province is very rare and does not occur every year. January months receive these events more than any other month but this only transpires in approximately a third of years. The central and north-western parts of the Province experience the most events where the rainfall at a single station surpasses 75 and 115 mm. With regard to seasonal rainfall, the 1995/96 summer rainfall season had the highest seasonal rainfall during this 32-yr period followed by the 1999/2000 season. The 1995/96 season had above normal rainfall in both early and late summer but the 1999/2000 season was dry in early summer and very wet in late summer. Significantly high seasonal rainfall is associated with above-normal rainfall in late summer.

Liesl L, Dyson.

2009-10-01

272

Epidemiologic and demographic survey of celiac disease in khuzestan province.  

Science.gov (United States)

BACKGROUND Celiac disease presents with a wide spectrum of symptoms. This study clarifies different aspects of celiac disease along with the most common patterns of celiac presentation in Khuzestan Province, Iran. METHODS Patients' information was obtained by evaluation of their files from the archives of the Khuzestan Celiac Society and records at gastroenterologists' offices in this province. RESULTS Overall, there were 103 (40 males, 63 females) patients included in this study. Patients' mean ages were 33 ± 11 years (males) and 31.6 ± 11.7 years (females). In terms of geographic distribution, 54.1% resided in the center of the province followed by 26.5% who were residents of the northern area. The rate of employment among men was 70.6% whereas it was 8.3% for women. In terms of education, 21.9% of men and 33.3% of women had academic educations. The rate of matrimony was 80.6% (n=29) for men, 65.4% (n=38) for women and 3.4% (n=2) who were divorced. Mean height was 164 ± 14 cm in men and 157.5 ± 10 cm in women. Mean BMI at the time of presentation was 22.7 in men and 22.6 in women. The most common gastrointestinal (GI) complaints in male patients were diarrhea (35%), reflux (20%), bloating (17.5%), abdominal pain (15%), vomiting (15%) and constipation (7.5%). Female patients experienced diarrhea (49.2%), abdominal pain (31.7%), bloating (31.7%), vomiting (19%), constipation(9.5%) and reflux (7.9%). The most common concomitant non-GI disorders among male patients were anemia (17.1%), thyroid disease (14.3%), and weight loss (14.3%); women experienced anemia (33.9%), thyroid disease (12.5%), and weight loss (7.1%). Approximately half of the patients exhibited symptoms for more than five years prior to diagnosis and 90% were diagnosed by gastroenterologists. Of these, 43% had normal endoscopy results. The most common serologic markers were anti-TTG (69.9%), anti-EMA (27.7%). CONCLUSION Physicians, prior to attributing patients' symptoms to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), should be aware that patients who present with long-term nonspecific symptoms might possibly have celiac disease. During endoscopy, the threshold for obtaining biopsies should be low. PMID:24872869

Alavinejad, Pezhman; Hajiani, Eskandar; Masjedizadeh, Rahim; Hashemi, Seyed Jalal; Faramarzi, Mohammad; Sebghatollahi, Vahid; Shayesteh, Ali Akbar; Kadkhodae, Ahmad; Jasemi Zergani, Farzad; Asghari, Shahnaz; Farsi, Farnaz

2014-04-01

273

Rapid environmental change during dynastic transitions in Yunnan Province, China  

Science.gov (United States)

Pollution and eutrophication of Chinese lakes are widely perceived to be 20th century phenomena. However, China has a long history of deforestation, agriculture, mineral resource extraction, and other anthropogenic activities that impact the environment. Here, we present a sediment record from Xing Yun Lake in the Yunnan Province of China that reveals significant alterations to the lake, its ecosystem, and its watershed beginning as early as 500 AD. A comprehensive suite of biogeochemical and isotopic proxies reveal several rapid transitions related to changes in agriculture and lake-level management that coincides with cultural and dynastic transitions. The deterioration of contemporary environmental conditions at Xing Yun arises from a long history of anthropogenic manipulation, eutrophication, and pollution of the lake and its watershed. This study highlights the importance of using historical records of industrial and agricultural activities, including landscape modification, in conjunction with records of climate change, to place present day environmental concerns into a long-term context.

Hillman, Aubrey L.; Yu, JunQing; Abbott, Mark B.; Cooke, Colin A.; Bain, Daniel J.; Steinman, Byron A.

2014-08-01

274

Herpetofauna, Parc National des Volcans, North Province, Republic of Rwanda  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Herein is presented a list of the reptiles and anurans from the Parc National des Volcans (PNV(01°43’ S, 29°52’ W, an area in the west and north provinces of the Republic of Rwanda in the Albertine Riftregion of Africa. Fieldwork was conducted between two and six days per week from June through August2007 and 2008. We also conducted literature searches of all historical expeditions within the park for speciesrecords. Seventeen species of reptiles and anurans are recorded from the PNV. Nine of the species were anurans,distributed in five families: Arthroleptidae (3, Bufonidae (1, Hyperoliidae (3, Phrynobatrachidae (1, andPipidae (1. Eight species of reptiles were recorded from five families: Chamaeleonidae (1, Lacertidae (2,Scincidae (2, Colubridae (2, and Viperidae (1. Eight of the seventeen species found in the PNV are endemicto the Albertine Rift.

Roelke, C. E.

2010-01-01

275

Migration, fertility, and state policy in Hubei Province, China.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite China's one-child family planning policy, the nation experienced a slight rise in the birth rate in the mid-1980s. Many observers attributed this rise to the heightened fertility of those rural-to-urban migrants who moved without a change in registration (temporary migrants), presumably to avoid the surveillance of family planning programs at origin and destination. Using a sequential logit analysis with life-history data from a 1988 survey of Hubei Province, we test this possibility by comparing nonmigrants, permanent migrants, and temporary migrants. While changing family planning policies have a strong impact on timing of first birth and on the likelihood of higher-order births, migrants generally do not have more children than nonmigrants. In fact, migration tends to lower the propensity to have a child. More specifically, the fertility of temporary migrants does not differ significantly from that of other women. PMID:9545626

Goldstein, A; White, M; Goldstein, S

1997-11-01

276

Estimating methane emissions from mangrove area in Ranong Province, Thailand  

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Full Text Available This study aimed to estimate methane emissions from the mangrove area of Ranong Province andto explore the factors affecting the emissions, as part of an attempt to evaluate methane contribution to the global methane budget. Methane was measured by using a closed chamber technique and analyzed by a gas chromatograph equipped with a flame ionization detector (FID. The results showed that the annual estimated methane emission was released at approximately 157.32 mg/m2. The amount of methane emission from this mangrove area was lower than in other previously studied areas. Emission rates varied seasonally with the highest rate in the rainy season followed by summer and cold seasons, during which the values were 0.52, 0.27, and 0.19 mg/m2/day, respectively. Seasonal variations of methane emission was related to several factors depending upon field conditions such as water conductivity, soil temperature, and water level.

Suwanchai Nitisoravut

2005-01-01

277

Morphological variations of Anopheles minimus A in Tak Province, Thailand.  

Science.gov (United States)

Anopheles minimus Theobald is one of the major vectors of malaria throughout the Oriental Region, and it's complex consists of at least 2 sibling species (A and C) in Thailand. This study aimed to determine the morphological variations of wings of An. minimus A and to clarify the specific status of An. minimus in Ban Khun Huay, Ban Pa Dae, and Ban Tham Seau, Mae Sot district, Tak Province, Thailand. Anopheline larvae were collected from the fields between October 2002 and September 2003, allowed to emerge into adults in the laboratory and identified by morphological and molecular characterization. About 1,715 of female An. minimus A were separated into 8 groups based on their wing scale patterns. Polymerase Chain Reaction Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay (ribosomal DNA ITS2) confirmed the identification of An. minimus A in all 8 groups. PMID:16124426

Jaichapor, Boonsong; Kengluecha, Ampornpan; Rongnoparut, Pornpimol; Rueda, Leopoldo M; Jones, James W; Sithiprasasna, Ratana

2005-05-01

278

Central Atlantic Igneous Province: Origin and mechanisms of formation  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper considers various aspects of the formation of the Central Atlantic Igneous Province. Generation and eruption of enormous bodies of basic magmas over a short time interval (a few million years) are explained by the accumulation of thermal energy beneath the continental lithosphere. The thermal energy was transferred by heated matter or fluid flows from the lower mantle along separate channels or permeable zones and accumulated beneath the continental lithosphere of Pangea over a long period of time (tens of millions of years) over a vast area. The large thickness ofthe lithosphere hindered melting. A change in the geodynamic regime with the onset of the breakdown of Pangea resulted in extension, formation of linear permeable zones, local decompression, and, as a consequence, in generation and ascent of huge magma bodies along extended linear tectonically weakened zones. The homogeneity of igneous rocks is explained by the short time interval favorable for magma generation, when all the stored thermal energy had been exhausted.

Peyve, A. A.

2013-11-01

279

Moessbauer studies of impactites from Huamalies province in Huanuco Region  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report is about the X-ray diffraction and Moessbauer studies of three impactite samples denominated PMe-8, PMe-9 and PMe-11 from Huamalies Province in Huanuco Region, Peru. When terrestrial rocks are submitted to pressures higher than 60 GP, the majority is completely melted, forming a kind of glass called impactites. X-ray diffraction indicates the presence of quartz as the principal mineralogical phase in all samples. The 57Fe Moessbauer spectra at room temperature of samples PMe-8 and PMe-9 show broadened spectra that were fitted using a distribution model. The most probable field of the magnetic component is 34 T, corresponding to the presence of small particles of goethite, confirmed by the 4.2 K spectrum. For the sample PMe-11, the MS showed the presence of well crystallized hematite.

280

Mössbauer studies of impactites from Huamalies province in Huanuco Region  

Science.gov (United States)

This report is about the X-ray diffraction and Mössbauer studies of three impactite samples denominated PMe-8, PMe-9 and PMe-11 from Huamalies Province in Huánuco Region, Peru. When terrestrial rocks are submitted to pressures higher than 60 GP, the majority is completely melted, forming a kind of glass called impactites. X-ray diffraction indicates the presence of quartz as the principal mineralogical phase in all samples. The 57Fe Mössbauer spectra at room temperature of samples PMe-8 and PMe-9 show broadened spectra that were fitted using a distribution model. The most probable field of the magnetic component is 34 T, corresponding to the presence of small particles of goethite, confirmed by the 4.2 K spectrum. For the sample PMe-11, the MS showed the presence of well crystallized hematite.

Bustamante, A.; Espinoza, S.; Morales, G.; Scorzelli, R. B.

2005-11-01

281

Pollen morphology of Oxalis species from Buenos Aires province (Argentina)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: English Abstract in english Pollen morphology and the degree of pollen variability within nine species and two varieties of Oxalis species from Buenos Aires Province (Argentina) were studied using light microscopy (LM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Oxalis pollen grain is genera [...] lly 3-colpate and the shape is prolate spheroidal, oblate spheroidal or spheroidal. The exine is microreticulate. The brochi are circular to polygonal; brochi sizes decrease near the colpi. The colpus membrane observed in unacetolysed material, is crustate or granular. The colpus length varies within a species; the largest grains are produced in stamens with long filaments and the smallest ones in stamens with short filaments. Four pollen types are distinguished by means of LM, SEM and TEM. They are recognized mostly on the basis of their colpus membrane structure. In conclusion, the morphological similarity among Oxalis species is also reflected in their pollen morphology.

Sonia, Rosenfeldt; Beatriz G, Galati.

2007-04-01

282

Pollen morphology of Oxalis species from Buenos Aires province (Argentina  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Pollen morphology and the degree of pollen variability within nine species and two varieties of Oxalis species from Buenos Aires Province (Argentina were studied using light microscopy (LM, scanning electron microscopy (SEM and transmission electron microscopy (TEM. Oxalis pollen grain is generally 3-colpate and the shape is prolate spheroidal, oblate spheroidal or spheroidal. The exine is microreticulate. The brochi are circular to polygonal; brochi sizes decrease near the colpi. The colpus membrane observed in unacetolysed material, is crustate or granular. The colpus length varies within a species; the largest grains are produced in stamens with long filaments and the smallest ones in stamens with short filaments. Four pollen types are distinguished by means of LM, SEM and TEM. They are recognized mostly on the basis of their colpus membrane structure. In conclusion, the morphological similarity among Oxalis species is also reflected in their pollen morphology.

Sonia Rosenfeldt

2007-04-01

283

Performance of Planted Maple in Western Guilan Province, Iran  

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Full Text Available The success of planted Acer velutinum investigated in western Guilan Province in Iran. This region was reforested in 1985. The study was carried out in the autumn of 2003 with using the full callipering method. The goal of this study is to review the maple plantation, in order to present a new background that is useful for an ecological evaluation of the maple plantations in Iranian forests. Some quantity and quality factors about bole and crown were evaluated. The resistance of maple to difficult conditions such as irregular cutting and its resistance to light (full sun light in clear place, some trees can tolerant to full sun light and fire make this species very important for plantation (wood farming. This study showed that, after a period of 21 years, maple is suitable for plantations on the Caspian Sea flat area and the slopes of the Alborz Mountains and can financially compete with other endemic and exotic species.

Kambiz Taheri Abkenar

2007-01-01

284

Algal flora of Chillon river of province of Lima, Peru  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Algal flora of Chillon river along its route by province of Lima, Peru was evaluated during July to Octuber 2006. Six zones of surveys were established and evaluated at irregular intervals, recording a total of 33 taxas of phytoplanctonics and epilitics algaes. Almost all species belonged to Chlorophyta with 39.4%; Cyanophyta 27.3%, then Bacillariophyta with 21.2%. Pyrrophyta recorded 9.1% while Euglenophyta presented a low quantity of species equivalent to 3%. The three taxas more frequent were Stigeoclonium lumbricum (Chlorophyta (100%, Cladophora glomerata (Chlorophyta (83.3% and Licmophora sp. (Bacillariophyta (83.3%. Zones of Mouth and Puente Chillon recorded the highest specific richness (S = 19. Qualitatives indexes of similarity showed values higher than 30% between the six zones of surveys.

Ruiz, J.

2007-07-01

285

The provinces and carbon pricing : three inconvenient truths  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This article discussed the role that the federal government should play in introducing a carbon price policy in Canada whereby a carbon tax would be instituted to send a price signal to those considering future investment in carbon-intensive energy projects. It focused on bridging the gap between federal and provincial jurisdictions and assessed how various carbon pricing models can play a role in environmental federalism while allowing provinces to remain involved in policy making. Policy commitments related to emissions and cap-and-trade systems were discussed along with carbon import tariffs and domestic carbon taxes. In a market-based policy on climate change, proceeds of carbon taxes will serve to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This article also reviewed tax incentives as well as price signal systems designed to ensure successful climate change adjustments for Canadian enterprises. 1 fig.

Courchene, T.J.; Allan, J.R. [Queen' s Univ., Kingston, ON (Canada). Inst. of Intergovernmental Relations

2008-12-15

286

Identifying sports cultural opportunity – Case Study of Mazandaran Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sport is an important tool to draw the national attention. Sport is a big assembly to make identity. Also, sport is a cause for identity and unity. The purpose of this study is to identify the cultural opportunity of sport in the province of Mazandaran in Iran. The research method was mixed. Sequential exploratory mixed method of the first method is qualitative and quantitative methods. The study included all the Mazandaran managers, coaches, experts, judges and athletes at the national level. The results show that directors, judges and experts believe that people's happiness and euphoria in winning the sports events is the most sport important cultural opportunity in Mazandaran (All kinds of sport were included. A lot of money is spent on TV programs and movies to fill the people's free time.

Ahmad Ahmadzadeh

2013-09-01

287

Natural radiation and population dose in Sichuan province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Measurement of natural radiation level was conducted in 1983 in Sichuan Province by using ionization chambers and FD-71 scintillation radiometers. The data obtained from 19,647 sites showed that the distribution of the back-ground radiation level was normal. The average absorbed dose rates in air from terrestrial ?-radiation for outdoors, indoors and roads are 11.8 x 10-8 Gy.h-1, 15.2 x 10-8 Gy.h-1 and 11.9 x 10-8 Gy.h-1, respectively. The average annual effective dose equivalent to population is 904 ?Sv and the annual collective effective dose equivalent is 90.2 x 103 man.Sv

288

Bryophytes of beach forests in Chon Buri Province, Thailand  

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Full Text Available An investigation of bryophyte diversity of three beach forests including Had Tung Prong, Had Tein Talay, and the beach forest in Thai Island and Sea Natural History Museum in Chon Buri Province, Thailand, was carried out. From 137 enumerated specimens, 16 species (6 mosses, 10 liverworts in 12 genera (5 mosses, 7 liverworts and eight families (5 mosses, 3 liverworts were found. Among those the most common families of mosses are Fissidentaceae (2 species and the most common families of liverwort are Lejeuneaceae (8 species. A comparison of species richness among the three areas revealed that the highest species richness of bryophytes was found in Had Tung Prong. Moreover, of all bryophyte species found, Weissia edentula Mitt. was the most common one.

Phiangphak Sukkharak

2014-10-01

289

Investigation of natural radionuclide contents in soil in Qinghai Province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The methods and results of investigation of natural radionuclides contents in soil in Qinghai Province is reported. The sampling points were selected as the same points as that for measuring terrestrial ? radiation does rate. 444 soil samples were simultaneously collected as terrestrial ? radiation does rate measurement, of which 185 samples were net-checking with 50 km x 50 km. The soil samples were measured by ? spectrometry. The results show that the area-weighted mean of 238U, 226Ra, 232Th and 40K was 44.2, 34.7, 44.2 and 525.8 Bq·kg-1, respectively. The pint-weighted mean of 238U, 226Ra, 232Th and 40K was 44.2, 35.5,45.1 and 528.3 Bq·kg-1, respectively

290

Vegetation of Doi Tung, Chiang Rai Province, Northern  

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Full Text Available The climate of Doi Tung, Chiang Rai Province, is monsoonal with three distinctseasons, viz. cool-dry, hot-dry, and rainy. The elevation ranges from c. 350-1525m and mostof the bedrock is limestone and granite. Vegetation below c. 1000m is mostly deciduous,while above this it is evergreen. A mixed evergreen + deciduous facies is present on thelimestone peaks (up to 1425m. Forest destruction as well as settlements are widespread,thus creating increasingly severe problems with water resources, soil quality and stability, andbiodiversity. The planting on pine monocultures in deforested areas 20 years ago in uplandgranite areas has resulted in much environmental degradation which requires immediaterectification.

J. F. Maxwell

291

Overexploitation of Abalone at Libong Island, Trang Province, Southern Thailand  

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Full Text Available Abalone is generally known as a fishery resource of high economic value. The wild abalone from Libong Island iswidely known for its potential as a cocktail-size and high-quality broodstock for hatcheries. The high market price andexternal demand have encouraged local fisherman to catch the wild abalone without proper management, resulting in a nearextinction crisis in the abalone population in this area. The present evaluation of abalone management at Libong Island,Trang Province, Thailand, was conducted using local user perceptions. Sixteen performance indicators included effectiveness indicators, equity indicators, and sustainable indicators. These were measured to determine whether the abalonemanagement activities had achieved the set objectives in terms of better conditions for abalone cultivation and sustainability.The results revealed that the abalone population has undergone degrading and decline due to lack of proper managementmeasures in this area. The findings suggest that practical management is needed for the abalone population at Libong Island.

Chanyut Sudtongkong

2012-09-01

292

Factor Analysis of Agricultural Innovative Ability in Sichuan Province  

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Full Text Available On the basis of some theories, this paper empirically analyzes on factors that influence the agricultural innovative ability in Sichuan Province by selecting six indices. They are the number of technological person, the financial input of agricultural science and technology, the level of local economic development, the agricultural policy, the number of technologic leaders, and the number of agricultural research institutions. Then I propose some relevant comments. The results indicate that the agricultural policy and the number of technologic leaders strongly influence promoting the innovative capability of agriculture. However, the financial input of agricultural science and technology, the level of local economic development, and the number of agricultural research institutions weakly impact on enhancing the agricultural innovative ability.

Jian Qiang Li

2012-05-01

293

Beneficiation of marble from Griekwastad, Northern Cape Province  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english This paper is based on a study to determine the potential beneficiation opportunities for marble from Griekwastad in the Northern Cape Province. The marble was characterized mineralogically by X-ray diffraction. Major and trace elements were determined using inductively coupled plasma-optical emissi [...] on spectroscopy. The sample was crushed, and the crushed material beneficiated by tumbling and polishing. The resulting beads were incorporated into a variety of jewellery and other decorative items. It is concluded that the beneficiation of Griekwastad marble presents a good opportunity for value addition and job creation, provided that an effective marketing strategy for the products can be developed..

N.P., Mahumapelo; C., Magaseng.

2014-11-01

294

Changes in Ecosystem Service Values in Fuxin City, Liaoning Province  

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Full Text Available Variation in ecosystem services value across land-use scenarios in Fuxin City of Liaoning Province were explored in the study. Two-period land use survey data (1996 and 2010 were used to estimate changes in the size of seven land use categories and the most recently published value equivalent was used to estimate changes in the values of ecosystem services. The total value of ecosystem services in Fuxin City was 17674.75 million Yuan in 1996 and 19077.59 million Yuan in 2010, with an increase of 1402.84 million Yuan mainly due to the inclining areas of forestland and grass land, which indicated the eco-environment in Fuxin City has been becoming better and better. However, agricultural land including farmland and orchard showed the tendency of decrease, which indicated food security has been facing with challenge in Fuxin City.

Guowei Li

2013-03-01

295

Oil and Gas Resources of the Arctic Alaska Petroleum Province  

Science.gov (United States)

The Arctic Alaska Petroleum Province, encompassing all the lands and adjacent Continental Shelf areas north of the Brooks Range-Herald arch, is one of the most petroleum-productive areas in the United States, having produced about 15 billion bbl of oil. Seven unitized oil fields currently contribute to production, and three additional oil fields have been unitized but are not yet producing. Most known petroleum accumulations involve structural or combination structural-stratigraphic traps related to closure along the Barrow arch, a regional basement high, which has focused regional hydrocarbon migration since Early Cretaceous time. Several oil accumulations in stratigraphic traps have been developed in recent years. In addition to three small gas fields producing for local consumption, more than 20 additional oil and gas discoveries remain undeveloped. This geologically complex region includes prospective strata within passive-margin, rift, and foreland-basin sequences. Oil and gas were generated from multiple source rocks throughout the region. Although some reservoired oils appear to be derived from a single source rock, evidence for significant mixing of hydrocarbons from multiple source rocks indicates a composite petroleum system. Both extensional and contractional tectonic structures provide ample exploration targets, and recent emphasis on stratigraphic traps has demonstrated a significant resource potential in shelf and turbidite sequences of Jurassic through Tertiary age. Recent estimates of the total mean volume of undiscovered resources in the Arctic Alaska Petroleum Province by the U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Minerals Management Service are more than 50 billion bbl of oil and natural-gas liquids and 227 trillion ft3 of gas, distributed approximately equally between Federal offshore and combined onshore and State offshore areas.

Houseknecht, David W.; Bird, Kenneth J.

2006-01-01

296

Peculiarities of sulphur functionalities in the Thracian coal province, Bulgaria  

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Full Text Available The Thracian coal province in Bulgaria is comprised of three main coal basins, Maritza East, Maritza West and Elhovo, with extremely immature coals (Rr = 0.18-0.21%. These Miocene-Pliocene aged low rank coals (lignites are characterized by high ash and sulphur contents, and low calorific values. Temperature programmed reduction/oxidation at atmospheric pressure (AP-TPR/TPO, coupled with on-line mass spectrometer (AP-TPR/TPO-MS and with an off-line gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer (GC-MS, were applied to the qualitative and semi-quantitative analysis of sulphur functionalities in representative samples from each basin of the coal province. Carbonates and mineral sulphur were removed by preliminary treatment with diluted acids at mild conditions to prevent effects on the TPR kinetograms. This treatment mainly removed the mineral sulphur, and its effects on organic sulphur were insignificant. Most of the organic sulphur in the Thracian lignites occurs in thiophenic structures (~ 60%. The TPR-MS profiles showed the presence of alkyl and aryl thiols, dialkyl and aryl-alkyl sulphides and thiophenes. The main organic sulphur compounds registered by the off-line AP-TPR-GC-MS were highly volatile compounds (thiols, sulphides, disulphides, alkylated thiophenes, and a lesser proportion of benzothiophenes. The disulphides (-SS- are relatively abundant in the Maritza East and Elhovo lignites. They are probably the main aliphatic sulphur species in the coal's organic matter. Aliphatic chains with sulphur bridges are also principal structural functionalities in the Maritza West organic matter. Aromatic compounds with two aromatic rings and high degrees of substitution could be key organic structures in the studied lignites.

Marinov S P

2005-03-01

297

Assessing the Impacts of Wind Integration in the Western Provinces  

Science.gov (United States)

Increasing carbon dioxide levels and the fear of irreversible climate change has prompted policy makers to implement renewable portfolio standards. These renewable portfolio standards are meant to encourage the adoption of renewable energy technologies thereby reducing carbon emissions associated with fossil fuel-fired electricity generation. The ability to efficiently adopt and utilize high levels of renewable energy technology, such as wind power, depends upon the composition of the extant generation within the grid. Western Canadian electric grids are poised to integrate high levels of wind and although Alberta has sufficient and, at times, an excess supply of electricity, it does not have the inherent generator flexibility required to mirror the variability of its wind generation. British Columbia, with its large reservoir storage capacities and rapid ramping hydroelectric generation could easily provide the firming services required by Alberta; however, the two grids are connected only by a small, constrained intertie. We use a simulation model to assess the economic impacts of high wind penetrations in the Alberta grid under various balancing protocols. We find that adding wind capacity to the system impacts grid reliability, increasing the frequency of system imbalances and unscheduled intertie flow. In order for British Columbia to be viable firming resource, it must have sufficient generation capability to meet and exceed the province's electricity self-sufficiency requirements. We use a linear programming model to evaluate the province's ability to meet domestic load under various water and trade conditions. We then examine the effects of drought and wind penetration on the interconnected Alberta -- British Columbia system given differing interconnection sizes.

Sopinka, Amy

298

Malignant Salivary Glands Tumors in Kerman Province: A Retrospective Study  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Malignant salivary glands tumors (MSGTs are uncommon cancers. The most common site of these cancers is the parotid gland. Some investigations show these cancers preference for males than females. The majority of MSGTs arise in sixth decade of human life. According to the literature review for the present work, there is a few epidemiological researches about MSGTs in Iran and especially there isn't any study in Kerman province. So the aim of this study was investigation the incidence, sex, age, histological types, and site distribution of MSGTs in the Kerman province during the time period from March 1991 to March 2002.Methods and Materials: Documents and records of 70 patients with MSGTs diagnosed from March 1991 to March 2002 were reviewed. The patients' records were analyzed based on gender, age, location, and histopathological type of the tumor. Data were analyzed by SPSS-13.5 statistical software using t-test, chi-square, and ANOVA tests.Results: During this period of time, 70 cases (43men, 27 women of MSGTs had been diagnosed. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma was the most common cancer (30% and the parotid was the most affected site (70%. The age range was 10-86 years old with the overall mean age of 50.18 ± 17.97.Discussion: Despite a considerable volume of literatures written about MSGTs in many countries, the incidence of these cancers haven't as yet been thoroughly documented or analyzed in Iran. However, comparison between the findings of this study with the results of other investigations showed a relative consistency.

M.S. Hashemi Pour

2007-01-01

299

The province and heritage of mankind reconsidered: A new beginning  

Science.gov (United States)

The central problem of our time -- one that is shared by all races and nationalities -- is to discover the things, the qualities, and interest that people have in common so that durable institutions can be designed for mankind's survival. The 'common heritage of mankind' and the 'province of all mankind' are different legal concepts developed in international space law during the last quarter of a century. Since the initial appearance of these provisions, controversy has arisen regarding their intent and meaning as applied to a nation's right to explore and use a common environment such as space or the high seas and a nation's obligation to share benefits derived from those environments with the rest of the world. As can be expected, different interpretations are currently competing for acceptance. This is so, in part, because, in the case of the Outer Space Treaty, although a general principle was articulated, rules for acceptance and application of the principles were not. In the case of the Moon and Sea Treaties, although an effort has been made to clarify both meaning and application, the articulations are still too vague for legal certainty. This paper focuses on the fact that these concepts are already currently available tools for the advancement of both global and U.S. interests but, because of the labyrinthine legal arguments that have been generated and some assumptions being held, they are in danger of being lost as such tools. The tendency of many observers in the U.S. to confuse the concept of 'province of all mankind' and 'common heritage of mankind' and to assume that both are incompatible with U. S. commercial space interests is also addressed. It is suggested that reconsidering these provisions can yield positions compatible with U.S. interests and that it can and should actively seek the use of these provisions as a basis for global cooperation and commercial benefit.

Gabrynowicz, J. I.

1992-01-01

300

Odyssean malaria outbreaks in Gauteng Province, South Africa, 2007 - 2013  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Odyssean malaria refers to malaria transmitted by translocated mosquitoes and is a diagnosis of exclusion, as the probability of finding the responsible vector is miniscule. We believe that road traffic from endemic areas in and around South Africa is the source of most of the infected m [...] osquitoes. Because of the unexpected nature of the disease, diagnosis is often delayed and severe and complicated malaria is common. OBJECTIVES: To describe outbreaks of odyssean malaria during the period 2007 through 2013 in Gauteng Province, South Africa, and to educate healthcare workers about this form of malaria. METHODS: Site visits, environmental hygiene inspections, patient interviews, and entomological investigations for adult mosquitoes and larvae in potential breeding sites were done in each identified outbreak. RESULTS: Over the period, 14 laboratory-proven and 7 probable cases of odyssean malaria were investigated. There were 2 deaths (9.5% case fatality rate, approximately 10 times higher than the national fatality rate for malaria). We describe two recent clusters of cases in detail, and emphasise the importance of clinician awareness of this rare but frequently severe form of malaria. CONCLUSION: Odyssean malaria cases are inevitable in South Africa, given the volume of road, rail and air traffic from malaria risk areas into Gauteng and other non-endemic provinces. It is likely that many cases are missed, owing to the rare and sporadic nature of the condition. Malaria should always be kept in mind as a cause of unexplained fever and thrombocytopenia, even in the absence of a travel history.

J, Frean; B, Brooke; J, Thomas; L, Blumberg.

2014-05-01

301

Large Igneous Province Volcanism, Ocean Anoxia and Marine Mass Extinction  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Past global marine mass extinction events are often linked to terrestrial Large Igneous Province (LIP) volcanism, but exact mechanisms driving extinction are often not well constrained. We studied two of Earth’s largest mass extinction events, at the Triassic-Jurassic (~201.4 Ma) and Permian-Triassic (~252 Ma) boundaries, which coincide with Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) and Siberian Trap volcanism, respectively. The Triassic-Jurassic mass extinction is often contributed to carbon release driven ocean acidification while the Permian-Triassic mass extinction is suggested to be related to widespread ocean anoxia. We compare Permian-Triassic and Triassic-Jurassic ocean redox change along continental margins in different geographic regions (Permian-Triassic: Greenland, Svalbard, Iran; Triassic-Jurassic: UK, Austria) and discuss its role in marine mass extinction. Speciation of iron [(FeHR/ FeT) and (FePY/ FeHR)] and redox-sensitive trace element concentrations (e.g. Mo, V etc.) show that the Triassic-Jurassic marine mass extinction directly coincides with a rapid shift to anoxic and euxinic conditions at the onset of CAMP volcanism and increased atmospheric pCO2. Biotic recovery after the extinction event only commences when redox-conditions return from a euxinic to a ferruginous state and stabilization of marine ecosystems only commences after decreasing atmospheric pCO2 and a return to more oxic marine conditions. Iron-speciation at both the Triassic-Jurassic and Permian-Triassic mass extinctions however shows 2 phases of euxinia along continental margins, with an initial short peak at the onset of volcanism followed by a shift to ferruginous conditions, possibly due to a strongly diminished ocean sulphate reservoir because of massive initial pyrite burial. D34Spyrite suggests that following prolonged (several 100kyr) euxinic conditions only commence when the ocean sulphate reservoir is replenished by the release of sulphur from volcanism.

Ruhl, Micha; Bjerrum, Christian J.

2013-01-01

302

Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones. Part V. Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiyari Province.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Ten species of scorpions belonging to three families are reported from the montane Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiyari Province of Iran. Of these, only Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903 was formerly reported for this province, while nine species are reported for the first time: Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807, Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905, Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880, Hottentotta zagrosensis Kova?ík, 1997, Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889, Odontobuthus doriae (Thorell, 1876, Orthochirus zagrosensis Kova?ík, 2004, Hemi- scorpius lepturus Peters, 1861, and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900. Also presented is a key to all species of scorpions found in the Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiyari Province.

Pirali-Kheirabadi, Khodadad

2009-01-01

303

Problems and Countermeasures of Tour-Guide Services in Liaoning Province  

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Full Text Available Tourism of Liaoning Province is developing with a fast speed. High quality services provided by tour guides are necessary for the development of the industry. However, in recent years, the quality and ability of the tour guides in Liaoning Province are both downgrading, and many problems in the process of service are popping up one after another. Therefore, the research into the problems of the tour-guide services in Liaoning Province has great realistic significance.
Key words: Tour-guide service; Satisfaction; Good faith

Anna YE

2012-06-01

304

Mortalidad materna en Granma Mother mortality in Granma province  

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Full Text Available Introducción: la mortalidad materna es un indicador sensible sobre salud y está asociado al desarrollo social. Su tasa se mantiene elevada a nivel mundial los países en desarrollo son los más afectados por esta problemática. Objetivos: mostrar el comportamiento de la mortalidad materna en Granma en el periodo del 1995 al 2010, describir el comportamiento de las defunciones según tasa general y directa de muerte materna por año, mes, sitio de ocurrencia, municipio y causa. Métodos: estudio descriptivo retrospectivo sobre mortalidad materna en el periodo desde 1995 hasta el 2010 en la provincia Granma, Cuba. Los resultados se expusieron en tablas simples en números, porcentajes y tasas. Resultados: la tasa de mortalidad general y directa mas elevada (84,4 y 67,4 x 100 000 nacidos vivos, respectivamente se reportó en el año 1995, mientras que la más baja fue en el 2010 (9,5, en el que no hubo muertes maternas de causa directa. Las defunciones fueron más frecuentes en el mes de enero, agosto y diciembre. Las pacientes fallecieron mayoritariamente en el hospital "Carlos M. de Céspedes" de Bayamo y en el "Celia Sánchez Manduley" de Manzanillo. Los municipios que más fallecidas tuvieron fueron Manzanillo y Bayamo. Predominó la hemorragia como principal causa de muerte, seguida por el embolismo de líquido amniótico. Conclusiones: la tasa de muerte materna general y directa por meses y años en el periodo desde 1995 hasta el 2010 en la provincia Granma en Cuba ha disminuido de forma evidente, aunque su descenso no ha sido uniforme por lo que se impone perfeccionar las estrategias para resolver esta compleja problemática de salud.Mother mortality is a sensible health indicator and is associated with the social development. Its rate remains high at world level, the developing countries are the more affected by this problem. Objective: To show the behavior of mother mortality in Granma province from 1995 to 2010, to describe the course of deceases according to the general and direct rate of mother death by year, month, place of occurrence, municipality and cause. Methods: a retrospective and descriptive study was conducted on the mother mortality from 1995 to 2020 in the Granma province. Results are showed in single tables, figures, percentages and rates. Results: the higher general and direct mortality rate (84.4 and 67.4 x 100 000 life births, respectively was reported in 1995, whereas the lowest one was reported in 2020 (9.5 without mother death of direct cause. Deceases were more frequent in January, August and December. Most patients died in the "Carlos Manuel de Céspedes" Hospital of Bayamo and in the "Celia Sánchez Manduley" Hospital of Manzanillo. The municipalities with more deceases were Bayamo and Manzanillo municipalities. There was predominance of hemorrhage as the major cause of death, followed the amniotic fluid embolism. Conclusions: the general and direct mother death cause by months and years from 1995 to 2010 in Granma province has obviously decreased although its decrease has not been uniform thus it is necessary to improve the strategies to solve the complex health problem.

María Margarita Millán Vega

2012-03-01

305

Measles outbreak investigation in Zaka, Masvingo Province, Zimbabwe, 2010  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background A measles outbreak was detected at Ndanga Hospital in Zaka district Masvingo Province on the 5th of May 2010 and there were five deaths. Source of infection was not known and an investigation was carried out to determine factors associated with contracting measles in Zaka district. Materials and methods A 1:1 unmatched case control study was conducted. A case was a person residing in Zaka district who developed signs and symptoms of measles or tested IgM positive from 06 May 2010 to 30 August 2010. A control was a person residing in the same community who did not have history of signs and symptoms of measles during the same period. A structured interviewer administered questionnaire (translated into shona was used to solicit information from cases and controls. Ethical consideration like written consent from all participants, respect and confidentiality were observed. Permission to carry out the study was obtained from the medical research Council of Zimbabwe and the provincial Medical Directors Masvingo. Epi info was used to calculate frequencies, odds ratios and perform logistic regression to control for confounding variables. Findings A total of 110 cases and 110 controls were recruited. Most cases (63.03% were from the apostolic sect while 44.7% of controls were from orthodox churches. Contact with a measles case [AOR= 41.14, 95% CI (7.47-226.5],being unvaccinated against measles [AOR= 3.96, 95%CI (2.58-6.08] and not receiving additional doses of measles vaccine [AOR 5.48, 95% CI (2.16-11.08] were independent risk factor for contracting measles. Measles vaccination coverage for Zaka district was 75%. The median duration for seeking treatment after onset of illness was three days (Q1=2; Q3=7. There were no emergency preparedness plans in place. Conclusion This outbreak occurred due to a large number of unvaccinated children and a boarding school that facilitated person to person transmission. We recommend mandatory vaccination for all children before enrolling into schools. As a result of the study one day training on outbreak management and surveillance was done with all District Nursing Officers and Environmental Health Officers in personnel in the province.

Pomerai Kufakwanguzvarova W

2012-12-01

306

Molecular biogeochemical provinces in the Atlantic Surface Ocean  

Science.gov (United States)

One of the most important aspects to understand marine organic carbon fluxes is to resolve the molecular mechanisms which convert fresh, labile biomolecules into semi-labile and refractory dissolved and particulate organic compounds in the ocean. In this interdisciplinary project, which was performed on a cruise with RV Polarstern, we carried out a detailed molecular characterisation of dissolved organic matter (DOM) on a North-South transect in the Atlantic surface ocean in order to relate the data to different biological, climatic, oceanographic, and meteorological regimes as well as to terrestrial input from riverine and atmospheric sources. Our goal was to achieve a high resolution data set for the biogeochemical characterisation of the sources and reactivity of DOM. We applied ultrahigh resolution Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry (FT-ICR-MS), nutrient, trace element, amino acid, and lipid analyses and other biogeochemical measurements for 220 samples from the upper water column (0-200m) and eight deep profiles. Various spectroscopic techniques were applied continuously in a constant sample water flow supplied by a fish system and the moon pool. Radiocarbon dating enabled assessing DOC residence time. Bacterial abundance and production provided a metabolic context for the DOM characterization work and pCO2 concentrations. Combining molecular organic techniques and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) established an important link between organic and inorganic biogeochemical studies. Multivariate statistics, primarily based on FT-ICR-MS data for 220 samples, allowed identifying geographical clusters which matched ecological provinces proposed previously by Longhurst (2007). Our study demonstrated that marine DOM carries molecular information reflecting the “history” of ocean water masses. This information can be used to define molecular biogeochemical provinces and to improve our understanding of element fluxes in the ocean. Future “organic geotraces” studies should focus on extracting and establishing new organic proxies which are suitable to characterize and, in particular, quantify organic matter sources and transformation processes in the ocean. Longhurst AR (2007) Ecological geography of the sea. Academic Press, San Diego, 542 pp.

Koch, B. P.; Flerus, R.; Schmitt-Kopplin, P.; Lechtenfeld, O. J.; Bracher, A.; Cooper, W.; Frka, S.; Gašparovi?, B.; Gonsior, M.; Hertkorn, N.; Jaffe, R.; Jenkins, A.; Kuss, J.; Lara, R. J.; Lucio, M.; McCallister, S. L.; Neogi, S. B.; Pohl, C.; Roettgers, R.; Rohardt, G.; Schmitt, B. B.; Stuart, A.; Theis, A.; Ying, W.; Witt, M.; Xie, Z.; Yamashita, Y.; Zhang, L.; Zhu, Z. Y.; Kattner, G.

2010-12-01

307

Evidence of Extensional and Compressional Tectonism and Erosion in Titan's Xanadu Province  

Science.gov (United States)

Titan's Xanadu province, bright to all instruments and extending over 1000 km, is one of the oldest terrains on Titan. We suggest its origin and evolution have been controlled and shaped by compressional and extensional tectonism in its icy crust.

Radebaugh, J.; Valora, P.; Lorenz, R. D.; Wall, S. D.; Kirk, R. L.; Wood, C. A.; Lunine, J. I.; Stofan, E. R.; Lopes, R. M.; Farr, T. G.; Mitri, G.; Cassini RADAR Team

2009-03-01

308

76 FR 51934 - Determination of Pest-Free Areas in Mendoza Province, Argentina; Request for Comments  

Science.gov (United States)

...South American fruit fly (Anastrepha fraterculus) and all other economically...South American fruit fly (Anastrepha fraterculus). As a result of these...additional Provinces as Anastrepha fraterculus Pest-Free Areas...

2011-08-19

309

PEASANT MILITIA OF BLACK SEA PROVINCE LIBERATION COMMITTEE (1919–1920): ESTABLISHMENT AND WARFARE  

OpenAIRE

The article, basing on historiographic and archival materials considers the history of establishment, activities and liquidation of peasant militia of Black Sea Province Liberation Committee – ‘third force’ army in Civil War.

Cherkasov, Alexander A.; Mamadaliev, Anvar M.

2011-01-01

310

Scapanoclypeus hardap (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae: Tanyproctini), a new species from Hardap province, Namibia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Scapanoclypeus hardap Sehnal, new species (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae: Tanyproctini), from Hardap province, Namibia, is described and an updated key to species of Scapanoclypeus Evans, 1987 is presented. PMID:25283396

Sehnal, Richard

2014-01-01

311

PEASANT MILITIA OF BLACK SEA PROVINCE LIBERATION COMMITTEE (1919–1920: ESTABLISHMENT AND WARFARE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article, basing on historiographic and archival materials considers the history of establishment, activities and liquidation of peasant militia of Black Sea Province Liberation Committee – ‘third force’ army in Civil War.

Alexander A. Cherkasov

2011-01-01

312

Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources of the Timan-Pechora Basin Province, Russia, 2008  

Science.gov (United States)

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) recently assessed the undiscovered oil and gas potential of the Timan-Pechora Basin Province in Russia as part of the USGS Circum-Arctic Oil and Gas Resource Appraisal program. Geologically, the Timan-Pechora Basin Province is a triangular-shaped cratonic block bounded by the northeast-southwest trending Ural Mountains and the northwest-southeast trending Timan Ridge. The northern boundary is shared with the South Barents Sea Province (fig.1). The Timan-Pechora Basin Province has a long history of oil and gas exploration and production. The first field was discovered in 1930 and, after 75 years of exploration, more than 230 fields have been discovered and more than 5,400 wells have been drilled. This has resulted in the discovery of more than 16 billion barrels of oil and 40 trillion cubic feet of gas.

Schenk, C.J.; Bird, K.J.; Charpentier, R.R.; Gautier, D.L.; Houseknecht, D.W.; Klett, T.R.; Moore, T.; Pawlewicz, M.J.; Pittman, J.; Tennyson, M.E.

2008-01-01

313

Radioactive environmental impact assessment for a highway construction project in Guangdong province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Based on the field environmental investigation and monitoring result, the radioactive environmental impact for a highway construction project in Guangdong province has been analyzed and assessed and forecacted. (authors)

314

Estimation of soil erosion in Selenge and Darkhan Provinces of Mongolia  

Science.gov (United States)

The accumulation of 137Cs was determined in soil samples, which were collected from Selenge and Selenge provinces in Mongolia, using HP-Ge gammaspectrometer. It was determined the soil erosion by accumulation of 13Cs using MODIS satellite information.

Battulga, N.; Erkhembayr, T.; Tuya, S.

2014-11-01

315

Geologic implications of Paleozoic and Mesozoic paleontology and biostratigraphy, Blue Mountains province, Oregon and Idaho  

Science.gov (United States)

This volume contains, besides the present review, seven papers on the biostratigraphy of pre-Tertiary rocks in the Blue Mountains province. Geologic implications of the faunal data are discussed in the context of terrane analyses. Most of the authors agree that the pre-Tertiary rocks of this province were formed in a complex island arc within a low-latitude faunal realm and subsequently moved northward and accreted to the North American continent. The use of different terrane names for parts of the Blue Mountains province by different authors may lead to some confusion. We suggest that future authors use the term "Blue Mountains island arc" for the pre-Tertiary province and, if there is a need for subdivision, that they use the terrane names proposed by Silberling and others (1984).

Vallier, Tracy L., (Edited By); Brooks, Howard C.

1986-01-01

316

Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources of the Levant Basin Province, Eastern Mediterranean  

Science.gov (United States)

The U.S. Geological Survey estimated a mean of 1.7 billion barrels of recoverable oil and a mean of 122 trillion cubic feet of recoverable gas in the Levant Basin Province using a geology based assessment methodology.

2010-01-01

317

COASTAL ECOLOGICAL DATA FROM THE VIRGINIAN BIOGEOGRAPHIC PROVINCE 1990-1993  

Science.gov (United States)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) assessed the ecological condition of estuaries, bays, and tidal rivers in the Virginian Biogeographic Province (Cape Cod, Massachusetts, to Cape Henry, Virginia) during July?Septembe...

318

A quantitative risk assessment of bovine theileriosis entering Luapula Province from Central Province in Zambia via live cattle imports from traditional and commercial production sectors.  

Science.gov (United States)

Theileriosis or East Coast Fever (ECF) is an important livestock disease widespread in Zambia except for some provinces such as Luapula. This freedom status has been achieved due to strict livestock movement regulations that only authorise cattle imports from commercial farms implementing strict ECF control regimens. Recent increases in both the demand and price of beef in Zambia are stimulating a policy change towards a more inclusive inter-provincial trade in live cattle. This may also encourage the introduction of breeding cattle from high production pastoral sectors such as Central Province to stimulate the beef industry in disease free low production areas such as the Luapula Province. To estimate and compare the risks linked with those potential introductions of cattle from the traditional or commercial production sectors of the Central Province, a quantitative risk assessment model was developed. This risk comparison was necessary because the traditional livestock production sector accounts for over 79% of breeding cattle trade in Central Province but is characterised by minimalistic tick-borne disease control and a higher prevalence of ECF. We estimate that should the importation of breeding cattle from Central into Luapula Province be permitted, we could expect to import ECF by the introduction of infected animals at a median rate (5th and 95th percentiles) of every 0.44 years (0.12, 2.60), from the traditional sector compared to every 3.57 years (0.37, 103.6) from the commercial sector. Infected ticks would be expected to enter every 3.46 (0.66, 43.8) years via traditional cattle imports. These risks are strongly influenced by the prevalence of infection, performance of pre-transport screening tests, and the effectiveness of pre-transport tick cleansing. This assessment is expected to provide a model for tick borne disease risk assessments in similar settings, as well as inform ECF control, cattle trade, and stock movement policies in Zambia. PMID:24974081

Makungu, C; Mwacalimba, K K

2014-09-01

319

Childhood cancer epidemiology based on cancer registry’s data of Fars province of Iran  

OpenAIRE

Introduction: Childhood cancers are very rare diseases and accounting for about one percent of all cancers, also it is one of the main causes of death among children. The aim of this paper was to ascertain of childhood cancers epidemiology in Fars province. Materials and Methods: In this epidemiological study that Fars province cancer registry was used, frequency distribution of childhood cancers in less than 19 year old in 2001up to 2008 was evaluated and incidence rates were calculated pe...

Mahin Farahmand; Amir Almasi-Hashiani; Jafar Hassanzade; Mohsen Moghadami

2011-01-01

320

Cervical cancer screening programme in Limpopo province : January 2007 to December 2010  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVE: South Africa launched a cervical screening policy in 2001 and aimed to screen 70% of women aged 30 years and older by the year 2010. The current study describes the performance of the cervical cancer screening programme that was implemented in the Limpopo province between 2007 and 2010. DESIGN: A retrospective descriptive analysis of data on cervical smears that were collected and evaluated by the National Health Laboratory Services in the Limpopo province from 2007 to 2010. ...

Mamaholdi, M. T.; Kuonza, Lazarus R.; Candy, S.

2013-01-01

321

Evaluation structural diversity of Carpinus betulus stand in Golestan Province, North of Iran  

OpenAIRE

Sohrabi V, Rahmani R, Jabbari S, Moayeri H. 2011. Evaluation structural diversity of Carpinus betulus stand in Golestan Province, Northern Iran. Nusantara Bioscience 3: 23-27. In order to investigate structural diversity of Carpinus betulus type in Golestan province 30 modified Whittaker plots by systematic random system were located. Per plot the characteristic of trees and shrubs species (Species name, diameter and height of trees) are recorded. The heterogenity indices of Simpson, Shannon?...

HADI MOAYERI; SHAHROKH JABBARI; RAMIN RAHMANI; VAHAB SOHRABI

2011-01-01

322

The Prevalence of HCV, HBV, HIV in Blood Donors of Golestan Province, (2006-2008)  

OpenAIRE

Background and objectives: Hepatitis C virus (HCV), Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) are the three mainagents of Communicable disorders transmitted by blood transfusion. Thesurvey of these virus-caused infections in Blood donors can displayepidemiology of infections in province and be useful for evaluatingdonors’ health. The aim of this study was serologic Study of infectionscaused by HBV, HCV and HIV in Blood donors of Golestan province,Iran.Material and Metho...

Bani Aghil, S. S.; Abbasi, S.; Arab, M.; Seyedein M.S

2010-01-01

323

Rural-urban Migration and Urbanization in Gansu Province, China: Evidence from Time-series Analysis  

OpenAIRE

Urbanization is one of the hot issues in research at present. Since “go west”, urbanization level in Gansu province has undergone significant change along with the largest flow of rural–urban migration around the country. This paper aims to attempt to examine projections of Gansu’s urbanization level in 1990-2008 and analyze long-run impact of urbanization construction on rural-urban migration wage income in Gansu province, finally the paper empirically investigate dynamic effect of u...

Haiying Ma; Lina Lian

2011-01-01

324

The gap in injury mortality rates between urban and rural residents of Hubei province, China  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Injury is a growing public health concern in China. Injury death rates are often higher in rural areas than in urban areas in general. The objective of this study is to compare the injury mortality rates in urban and rural residents in Hubei Province in central China by age, sex and mechanism of injury. Methods Using data from the Disease Surveillance Points (DSP) system maintained by the Hubei Province Centers for Disease Control and Prevent...

Liu Qing; Zhang Lan; Li Junlin; Zuo Dan; Kong Deguang; Shen Xingfu; Guo Yi; Zhang Qingjun

2012-01-01

325

Mammalia, Didelphimorphia, Chiroptera, and Rodentia, Parque Nacional Chaco and Capitán Solari, Chaco Province, Argentina  

OpenAIRE

We studied the small mammal assemblage (bats, marsupials and rodents) of Parque Nacional Chaco and Capitán Solari(Chaco Province, Argentina) based on captures and analysis of owl pellets. Twenty-one species were recorded during abrief survey, including two marsupials, seven bats, and twelve rodents. In addition, we documented the first occurrenceof the bat Lasiurus ega in the Chaco Province, and extended to the southwest the distribution of the didelphid marsupialCryptonanus chacoensis and t...

Fracassi, N.; Muschetto, E.; Pereira, J. A.; Teta, P.

2009-01-01

326

Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part V. Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiyari Province.  

OpenAIRE

Ten species of scorpions belonging to three families are reported from the montane Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiyari Province of Iran. Of these, only Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903) was formerly reported for this province, while nine species are reported for the first time: Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807), Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905), Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880), Hottentotta zagrosensis Kova?ík, 1997, Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889), Odontobuthus doriae (Thor...

Pirali-kheirabadi, Khodadad; Navidpour, Shahrokh; Fet, Victor; Kovar?i?k, Frantis?ek; Soleglad, Michael E.

2009-01-01

327

Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part IV. Kohgilouyeh & Boyer Ahmad Province.  

OpenAIRE

According to previous surveys, only Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889), Orthochirus zagrosensis Kova?ík, 2004, and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861 have been recorded from Kohgilouyeh & Boyer Ahmad Province. Collections made by a team under Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran) reveal eight other species belonging to two families recorded from the province for the first time: Androct...

Navidpour, S.; Kovar?i?k, F.; Soleglad, M. E.; Fet, V.

2008-01-01

328

Provincial Monitoring and Control System in Vietnam: Case Study of Hai Duong Province  

OpenAIRE

The objective of this paper is to analyze the provincial monitoring and control system in Vietnam. Through the case study of Hai Duong Province, the research results have shown that monitoring and control activities in this province have been carrying out in a fairly synchronous, comprehensive manner. In general, through monitoring and control activities, the functional agencies have handled some weaknesses concerning the organization and implementation of government administrative apparat...

Pham Duc Binh

2014-01-01

329

Species composition and geographic distribution of ticks infesting cattle, goats and dogs in Maputo Province, Mozambique  

OpenAIRE

The primary objective of this study was to determine the species composition of ticks that infest domestic animals in Maputo Province and their geographic distributions. To this end a total of 145 cattle, 129 goats, 132 dogs and 63 drag­samples of the vegetation were examined at 30 localities distributed throughout the province, at each of which the geographic coordinates were recorded and later plotted. A total of 15187 ixodid ticks belonging to 15 species were recovered. These...

Matos, Carlos Antonio

2009-01-01

330

Barriers to immunization among children of migrant workers from myanmar living in tak province, Thailand  

OpenAIRE

PROBLEM: Immunization is a cost-effective means of improving child survival but implementation of programmes in low- and middle-income countries is variable. Children of migrants are less likely to be immunized. APPROACH: The qualitative study aimed to identify barriers to the successful implementation of migrant immunization programmes in Tak province, Thailand. We ran a total of 53 focus groups involving 371 participants in three sites. LOCAL SETTING: Tak province in Thailand borders Myanma...

Canavati, S.; Plugge, E.; Suwanjatuporn, S.; Sombatrungjaroen, S.; Nosten, F.

2011-01-01

331

Exploratory studies of typical areas in the provinces of Vaesternorrland and Norrbotten during 1980-1981  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The report deals with exploratory studies of migmatite areas of the province of Vaesternorrland and a large gabbro massive of the province of Norrbotten. Extensive geological and hydrological studies including deep boreholes are being planned. The exploring studies in Vaesternorrland covered map and photo interpretation, field studies of fissures and exposures. The studies in Norrbotten have been directed towards field investigations of four gabbro massives.(G.B.)

332

Climatic Portrayal of Tokat Province in Turkey; Developing Climatic Surfaces by Using LOCCLIM and GIS  

OpenAIRE

Tokat is one of the important provinces of Turkey because of its exceptional biological diversity and nearly unpolluted environment. Detailed spatial information about climatic variables is often required for the studies focused on environmental modeling as well as agriculture in this region. On the other hand, this kind of information has not been readily available for Tokat until now. In this study, some climatic variables of the province were assessed and mapped to fulfill this requirement...

Hakan Mete Dogan

2007-01-01

333

Larval Habitat Diversity and Species Composition of Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in Hamadan Province  

OpenAIRE

Introduction & Objective: The aim of the study was to identify larval habitats and new species and determine the exact distribution of Culicidae in Hamadan Province.Materials & Methods: This descriptive,cross -sectional study was conducted in six regions of Hamadan Province during 2010. Sampling method was carried out by standard Dipping method. Specimens were mounted by lactophenol solution and were sent to Medical Entomology Laboratory, Tehran University of Medical Sciences with related cod...

Dehghan, H.; Moosa Kazemi, S. H.; Zahirnia, A. H.; Davari, B.; Sharifi, F.

2011-01-01

334

Estimation of Reference Evapotranspiration with Incomplete Data (A Case Study: North Khorasan Province)  

OpenAIRE

Quantitative evaluation of evapotranspiration on a regional scale is necessary for water resources management, crop production and environmental assessments in irrigated lands. In this study, in order to estimate ETo and because of few synoptic stations and also little recorded meteorological data in North Khorasan Province, Iran, with arid and semi-arid climate, 7 stations from neighboring provinces were used. Reference evapotranspiration was calculated using 6 different methods which requir...

Tavakoli, E.; Ghahraman, B.; Davari, K.; Ansari, H.

2013-01-01

335

Epidemiologic Evaluation of Child Abuse and Neglect in School-Aged Children of Qazvin Province, Iran  

OpenAIRE

Objective: This study was carried out to detect the prevalence of child abuse in three domains of physical, psychological and neglect among elementary school aged children of Qazvin Province, Iran.Methods: In this descriptive-analytic and cross-sectional study, 1028 elementary school aged children of Qazvin Province selected through multistage cluster sampling were assessed for child abuse in all domains, except for sexual abuse through a researcher-made questionnaire. The questionnaire was s...

Manoochehr Mahram; Zahra Hoseinkhani; Saharnaz Nedjat; Ali Aflatouni

2013-01-01

336

Characteristics of Water Resources Utilization and Virtual Water Trade in Hebei Province  

OpenAIRE

Water resource is one of the main factors limiting the development of water-deficient areas. Virtual water theory and virtual water trade model were used to analyze the characteristics of water resources utilization in Hebei Province. Based on an input-output model, water resource consumptions in different sectors of the economy and virtual water in domestic and international trade in Hebei Province were analyzed. Results indicated that natural resource exploitat...

Zhang, H. Z.; Huang, B. R.

2013-01-01

337

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Sows in Hunan Province, China  

OpenAIRE

Toxoplasma gondii infections are prevalent in animals and humans worldwide. Although the prevalence of T. gondii has been reported in many animals in China, little is known of T. gondii infection in sows. Antibodies to T. gondii in sows in Hunan province, subtropical China, were examined using indirect hemagglutination test (IHAT). Overall, 31.3% (373/1191) of the examined sows were seropositive for T. gondii. Among 11 representative regions of Hunan province, the seroprevalence ranged from 1...

Ying Xu; Run-Cheng Li; Guo-Hua Liu; Wei Cong; Xiao-Xuan Zhang; Xing-Long Yu; Xing-Quan Zhu

2014-01-01

338

Diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and drug resistance in different provinces of Papua New Guinea.  

Science.gov (United States)

BackgroundPapua New Guinea (PNG) is a high tuberculosis (TB) burden country of the WHO Western Pacific Region, but so far research on drug resistance (DR) and genotypes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) was only conducted in few provinces in the country. The aim of the present study was to obtain baseline data on the level of drug resistance and the genotypic diversity of circulating M. tuberculosis in additional provinces and to investigate the differences between three selected sites across PNG.ResultsGenotyping of 147¿M. tuberculosis clinical isolates collected in Goroka, Eastern Highlands Province, in Alotau, Milne Bay Province and in Madang, Madang Province revealed three main lineages of M. tuberculosis: Lineage 4 (European-American lineage), Lineage 2 (East-Asian lineage) and Lineage 1 (Indo-Oceanic lineage). All three lineages were detected in all three sites, but the individual lineage compositions varied significantly between sites. In Madang Lineage 4 was the most prevalent lineage (76.6%), whereas in Goroka and Alotau Lineage 2 was dominating (60.5% and 84.4%, respectively) (p¿MDR) TB was found in 2.8% of all tested cases (6/212). The highest amount of MDR TB was found in Alotau in Milne Bay Province (4.6%).ConclusionA large number of drug resistant TB infections are present in the country and MDR TB has already been detected in all three surveyed regions of PNG, highlighting the importance of monitoring drug resistance and making it a high priority for the National Control Program. Due to the high prevalence of Lineage 2 in Milne Bay Province and given the frequent association of this lineage with drug resistance, monitoring of the latter should especially be scaled up in that province. PMID:25476850

Ley, Serej D; Harino, Paul; Vanuga, Kilagi; Kamus, Ruben; Carter, Robyn; Coulter, Christopher; Pandey, Sushil; Feldmann, Julia; Ballif, Marie; Siba, Peter M; Phuanukoonnon, Suparat; Gagneux, Sebastien; Beck, Hans-Peter

2014-12-01

339

Assessment of Undiscovered Natural Gas Resources of the Sacramento Basin Province of California, 2006  

Science.gov (United States)

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) recently completed a new assessment of undiscovered natural gas resources of the Sacramento Basin Province of California. Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the USGS mean estimates of undiscovered, technically recoverable resources are 534 billion cubic feet of natural gas and 323 thousand barrels of natural gas liquids in the Sacramento Basin Province. Additional undiscovered oil accumulations larger than 0.5 million barrels are considered unlikely.

Scheirer, Allegra Hosford; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Magoon, Leslie B.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Cook, Troy A.; Klett, Timothy R.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Schenk, Christopher J.

2007-01-01

340

Expansion of HIV/AIDS in China: Lessons from Yunnan Province  

OpenAIRE

In this article we systematically and critically review the Chinese and English language literature on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related studies in Yunnan Province, Southwestern China. Yunnan Province had the first Chinese HIV outbreak and is still the worst affected area in the nation. Since 1989, HIV infection has extended from injecting drug users into the general population through sexual transmission. Since the economic reform of the 1980s, changed social norms and increased mig...

Xiao, Yan; Kristensen, Sibylle; Sun, Jiangping; Lu, Lin; Vermund, Sten H.

2006-01-01

341

Climate changes caused by degassing of sediments during the emplacement of large igneous provinces  

OpenAIRE

Most mass extinctions during the last 500 m.y. coincide with eruptions of large igneous provinces (LIP): the Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction was synchronous with the Deccan flood volcanism, Permian-Triassic extinction with the eruption of the enormous Siberian Traps, and End-Guadalupian extinction with the Emeishan volcanic province. The causal link remains disputed, however, and many LIPs apparently had no significant impact on the biosphere. Here we show that a key control on the destructive...

Ganino, Cle?ment; Arndt, Nicholas

2009-01-01

342

A Riot Problem in Three Southern Frontier Province: A Cultural Management Model by Means of Peace  

OpenAIRE

Problem statement: It was evident that a riot problem in Three Southern Frontier Provinces of Thailand resulted from many factors such as an economic factor, a social factor, a political factor, an educational factor, a religious factor, a cultural factor, a traditional factor, including a geographical location. These factors linked one another to affect systematically a riot problem in Three Southern Frontier Provinces and the centre of the problem was a religious factor. Th...

Niphon Chuchouisuwan; Songkoon Chantachon; Chamnan Rodhetphai

2011-01-01

343

Performance characteristics of EZhou bentonite of Hubei province and its modifi cation  

OpenAIRE

Both the chemical compositions and performance characteristics of the bentonite raw ores in Ezhou area of Hubei province and Honghuoshan area of Liaoning province were compared and analyzed. The properties of these two kinds of bentonites were tested before and after Na+- and Li+-modifi cation. The results show that the Ezhou bentonite ore possesses higher montmorillonite content than the Honghuoshan bentonite ore, but the Ezhou Na-bentonite has weaker castability (e.g. wet compression streng...

Long Wei; Fan Zitian; Hu Xueting

2009-01-01

344

The inclusion of public participation in environmental impact assessment in Guangdong Province  

OpenAIRE

This report is about public participation in Environmental Impact Assessment for construction projects in Guangdong Province in Southern China: How are people included, when are people included and who of the people are included? In China, it has been noted that the quality of the environment has weakened considerably at the expense of the economic recovery over the past 40 years. Especially Guangdong Province is an economic centre in China where many of China's construction projects are happ...

Munch-petersen, Jon R.

2013-01-01

345

Predictors of condom use and refusal among the population of Free State province in South Africa  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background This study investigated the extent and predictors of condom use and condom refusal in the Free State province in South Africa. Methods Through a household survey conducted in the Free Sate province of South Africa, 5,837 adults were interviewed. Univariate and multivariate survey logistic regressions and classification trees (CT) were used for analysing two response variables ‘ever used condom’ and ‘ever refused condom’. Result...

Chandran Thoovakkunon; Berkvens Dirk; Chikobvu Perpetual; Nöstlinger Christiana; Colebunders Robert; Williams Brian; Speybroeck Niko

2012-01-01

346

Empirical Analysis of Rural Citizens’ Political Participation in the Underdeveloped Regions of Chinese Eastern Provinces  

OpenAIRE

The rural citizens’ political participation case of Xiaohe Village in Dezhou City of Shangdong Province indicates that in the underdeveloped rural regions of Chinese eastern provinces, rural citizens’ political participation has the characters such as the participation enthusiasm and organization degree are lower, the political participation degree and level are lower, and the probability of the non-systemization of political participation still exists. Only to enhance the rural citizens?...

Zhenjun Mao

2010-01-01

347

Analysis of Energy Productivity and Determinant Factors: A Case Study of China’s Provinces  

OpenAIRE

The objective of this paper is to explore the structure of how energy productivity in China’s provinces is determined to draw useful energy policy implications for sustainable development. First, energy productivity is decomposed into two attributes; technology; and input factor which is necessary for economic activities such as labor and capital. The paper then estimates energy technology levels as an indicator across provinces in China through 2004 and 2007 using a growth accounting metho...

Michinori Uwasu; Keishiro Hara; Helmut Yabar; Haiyan Zhang

2012-01-01

348

Study of Intestinal Protozoan Parasites in Rural Inhabitants of Mazandaran Province, Northern Iran  

OpenAIRE

Background: Intestinal parasites of humans are important health problems of most communities, especially those situated in tropical and subtropical areas. This study was carried out in rural population of Mazandaran Province, northern Iran, during 2004-2005, with the purpose of achieving a better understanding of the distribution of intestinal protozoan parasites in this province.Methods: A total of 855 stool specimens were collected randomly from rural inhabitants (384 males and 471 females)...

Rezaeian, M.; Ar, Meamar; MR Nilforoushan; Hosseini, M.; Eb, Kia

2008-01-01

349

Survey of the livestock ticks of the North West province, South Africa  

OpenAIRE

Ticks, as vectors of disease and damage agents, impact directly and indirectly on the economy of the livestock industry in southern Africa. This study surveyed the occurrence and distribution of ticks infesting livestock across the North West province, South Africa. During three phases in consecutive years, officers of the provincial Veterinary Department collected specimens monthly from livestock hosts at specified sites across the province. Data analysis constituted the fourth phase of the ...

Spickett, Arthur M.; Heloise Heyne, I.; Roy Williams

2011-01-01

350

University Teachers’ Job Satisfaction in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan  

OpenAIRE

The major purpose of this study was to explore the level of job satisfaction of university teachers in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. The objectives of the study were: to assess the general satisfaction level of university teachers, to determine university teachers’ satisfaction level for each of the twenty dimensions of the job, and to give suggestions to improve university teachers’ job satisfaction level. All the university teachers working in North West Frontier Provinc...

Safdar Rehman Ghazi; Riasat Ali; Gulap Shahzada; Muhammad Israr

2010-01-01

351

An Epidemiological study of malignancies in Jammu province, India a retrospective study (1999-2003)  

OpenAIRE

Research Question: -To Study the magnitude, pattern and inter district variation of Malignancies in different regions of Jammu Province from January 1999 to Dec. 2003. Setting : - Entire Population of Jammu Province. Study Design: - A Hospital based retrospective study. Methodology: -The study was carried out retrospectively from January 1999 to December 2003. The year wise data was collected from the medical case files maintained year wise in the Department of Radiotherapy and medical record...

Gupta Rushali; Langer Bhavna; Langer Raja; Singh Bhupinder

2012-01-01

352

Biodiversities and limiting factors of Lashgardar Protected Area (LPA), Hamadan Province, Iran  

OpenAIRE

Reyahi-Khoram M, Norisharikabad V (2011) Biodiversities and limiting factors of Lashgardar Protected Area (LPA), Hamadan Province, Iran. Biodiversitas 12: 216-221. Lashgardar Protected Area (LPA) located in Hamadan Province in Iran, it is a mountainous and plain area and proximal to Malayer Township. In 1991, the region was known as a protected area for increasing wild animals' population. This research has been conducted during 2001 through 2009. Plant and animal species of the region were i...

MAHDI REYAHI KHORAM; VAHID NORISHARIKABAD

2010-01-01

353

Phlebotominae fauna in the Province of Tucumán, Argentina Fauna flebotomínica en la Provincia de Tucumán, Argentina  

OpenAIRE

American Tegumentary Leishmaniasis is endemic in the province of Tucumán since 1916 where the first Argentinian case of leishmaniasis was reported. An epidemic outbreak took place in the province during 1986-1988, after that the number of cases increased gradually again between 1991-1996. Since October of 1999 sand flies captures were performed at different places associated with current and past transmission or sites identified as risky ones. The collections were carried out with CDC mini l...

Co?rdoba Lanu?s, Elizabeth; Salomo?n, Oscar Daniel

2002-01-01

354

Therese Mound: a case study of coral bank development in the Belgica Mound Province, Porcupine Seabight  

OpenAIRE

High-resolution seismic profiles, swath bathymetry, side-scan sonar data and video imageries are analysed in this detailed study of five carbonate mounds from the Belgica mound province with special emphasis on the well-surveyed Therese Mound. The selected mounds are located in the deepest part of the Belgica mound province at water depths of 950 m. Seismic data illustrate that the underlying geology is characterised by drift sedimentation in a general northerly flowing current regime. Sigmoi...

Mol, Ben; Kozachenko, M.; Wheeler, Andy; Alvares, Hugo; Henriet, Jean-pierre; Olu, Karine

2007-01-01

355

Assessment of biodiversities and spatial structure of Zarivar Wetland in Kurdistan Province, Iran  

OpenAIRE

Reyahi-Khoram M, Hoshmand K. 2012. Assessment of biodiversities and spatial structure of Zarivar Wetland in Kurdistan Province, Iran. Biodiversitas 13: 130-134. Wetlands are valuable ecosystems that occupy about 6% of the world’s land surface. Iran has over 250 wetlands measuring about 2.5 million hectares. Zarivar wetland (ZW) is the only natural aquatic ecosystem in Kurdistan province in Iran. The present research was carried out during 2009 through 2010 with the aim of recognizing the ca...

MAHDI REYAHI-KHORAM; KAMAL HOSHMAND

2012-01-01

356

Ixodid ticks on domestic dogs in the Northern Cape Province of South Africa and in Namibia  

OpenAIRE

The objective of this study was to determine the species composition of ixodid ticks infesting domestic dogs in the northwestern region of the Northern Cape Province of South Africa and in Namibia. Ticks were collected from February 2008 to January 2009 from dogs presented for a variety of reasons at a veterinary clinic in the NorthernCapeProvince and at 3 clinics in Namibia. The ticks collected at each place were pooled separately for each month at each locality. Eleven ixodid...

Matthee, Sonja; Lovely, C.; Gaugler, A.; Beeker, R.; Venter, H. R.; Horak, Ivan Gerard

2010-01-01

357

Mineral chemistry of tantalate species new in the Borborema Pegmatitic Province, Northeast Brazil  

OpenAIRE

Tantalate samples, supposedly of the columbite group, were collected in the Borborema Pegmatitic Province, aiming to test the Mn/(Mn+Fe) and Ta/(Ta+Nb) ratios as geochemical indicators of pegmatite fractionation. Surprisingly, preliminary microprobe data allowed recognizing some species, so far unknown in the Province, namely titanian ixiolite, fersmite, brannerite, strüverite, natrobistantite, plumbo- and stibiomicrolite, plumboand uranpyrochlore. The identification of these exotic tantalat...

Hartmut Beurlen; Soares, Dwight R.; Rainer Thomas; Prado-borges, Lucila E.; Cláudio de Castro

2005-01-01

358

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Dnieper-Donets Basin Province and Pripyat Basin Province, Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus, 2010  

Science.gov (United States)

The U.S. Geological Survey, using a geology-based assessment methodology, estimated mean volumes of technically recoverable, conventional, undiscovered petroleum resources at 84 million barrels of crude oil, 4.7 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 130 million barrels of natural gas liquids for the Dnieper-Donets Basin Province and 39 million barrels of crude oil, 48 billion cubic feet of natural gas, and 1 million barrels of natural gas liquids for the Pripyat Basin Province. The assessments are part of a program to estimate these resources for priority basins throughout the world.

Klett, T.R.

2011-01-01

359

Diamonds from the V. Grib pipe, Arkhangelsk kimberlite province, Russia  

Science.gov (United States)

A large collection (717 samples) of diamonds from the V. Grib deposit, discovered in 1996 in the Verhotinskoe field of the Arkhangelsk kimberlite province, was studied. The diamond crystals are characterized by high transparency and preservation. The collection consists of complete crystals (71%), chipped and damaged crystals (preservation > 50%; 14%), and fragments (preservation pipe is a high percentage of crystals without UV-luminescence. Presence of sectorial growth was also identified by luminescence. Analysis of mineral inclusions, carbon isotopic composition, nitrogen content and nitrogen aggregation state provided important genetic information. Peridotitic inclusions (olivine, chromian spinel and pyrope) predominate, sulfides are almost completely absent. The carbon isotopic composition of the host diamonds is typical for peridotitic diamonds worldwide. IR-spectroscopy suggests the presence of two diamond populations with low and high nitrogen concentrations. Three sub-populations may be identified based on a combination of morphology, nitrogen and hydrogen defects. Residence temperatures ( TNitrogen), based on a mantle residence time of 3 Ga, fall between 1050 and 1170 °C. Diamond crystallization in V. Grib occurred in multiple stages. This is documented through luminescence patterns, data on nitrogen concentration and aggregation state, and the presence of "diamond-in-diamond" inclusions.

Rubanova, E. V.; Palazhchenko, O. V.; Garanin, V. K.

2009-11-01

360

Preliminary uranium geochemical survey of Pangasinan province, Luzon, Philippines  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Sediment and panned heavy mineral survey were conducted in the province of Pangasinan in Luzon island for a cumulative period of 1 1/2 months in 1983. A total of 40 stream sediments and 125 panned heavy mineral concentrates were obtained along active rivers and streams draining into the Lingayen Gulf and Luzon sea. The minus 80 mesh sediment fractions and non-magnetic portions of the heavy minerals were analyzed for total uranium using delayed neutron activation analysis techniques. Results indicated that uranium values ranged from 0.1 ppm to 1.4 ppm and 0.1 ppm to 23.2 ppm, for the stream sediments and heavy minerals, respectively. The uranium values obtained in the stream sediments were considered to be within the range of the average uranium concentrations in the northwestern Luzon. However, uranium values in the heavy minerals, in general, were higher than the values obtained in northwestern Luzon. One uranium anomaly area was found in San Carlos. (author)

361

Regional geomorphology and history of Titan's Xanadu province  

Science.gov (United States)

Titan's enigmatic Xanadu province has been seen in some detail with instruments from the Cassini spacecraft. The region contains some of the most rugged, mountainous terrain on Titan, with relief over 2000 m. Xanadu contains evolved and integrated river channels, impact craters, and dry basins filled with smooth, radar-dark material, perhaps sediments from past lake beds. Arcuate and aligned mountain chains give evidence of compressional tectonism, yet the overall elevation of Xanadu is puzzlingly low compared to surrounding sand seas. Lineations associated with mountain fronts and valley floors give evidence of extension that probably contributed to this regional lowering. Several locations on Xanadu's western and southern margins contain flow-like features that may be cryovolcanic in origin, perhaps ascended from lithospheric faults related to regional downdropping late in its history. Radiometry and scatterometry observations are consistent with a water-ice or water-ammonia-ice composition to its exposed, eroded, fractured bedrock; both microwave and visible to near-infrared (v-nIR) data indicate a thin overcoating of organics, likely derived from the atmosphere. We suggest Xanadu is one of the oldest terrains on Titan and that its origin and evolution have been controlled and shaped by compressional and then extensional tectonism in the icy crust and ongoing erosion by methane rainfall.

Radebaugh, J.; Lorenz, R. D.; Wall, S. D.; Kirk, R. L.; Wood, C. A.; Lunine, J. I.; Stofan, E. R.; Lopes, R. M. C.; Valora, P.; Farr, T. G.; Hayes, A.; Stiles, B.; Mitri, G.; Zebker, H.; Janssen, M.; Wye, L.; LeGall, A.; Mitchell, K. L.; Paganelli, F.; West, R. D.; Schaller, E. L.; Cassini Radar Team

2011-01-01

362

Environmental Consequences of Rapid Urbanization in Zhejiang Province, East China  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Since reforms carried out in the late 1970s, China has experienced unprecedented rates of urban growth. Remote sensing data and surface observational data are used to investigate the urbanization process and related environmental consequences, focusing on extreme heat events and air pollution, in Zhejiang Province (ZJP, East China. Examination of satellite-measured nighttime light data indicates rapid urbanization in ZJP during the past decade, initially forming three urban clusters. With rapid urban sprawl, a significant Urban Heat Island (UHI effect has emerged. During extreme heat events in summer, the UHI effect significantly exacerbates nocturnal heat stress in highly urbanized areas. Taking a long-term view, urbanization also causes additional hot days and hot degree days in urban areas. Urbanization also imposes a heavy burden on local and regional air quality in ZJP. Degraded visibility and an increase in haze days are observed at most meteorological stations, especially in the three urban clusters. The results show that urbanization has led to serious environmental problems in ZJP, not only on the city scale, but also on the regional scale. Maintaining a balance between the continuing process of urbanization and environmental sustainability is a major issue facing the local government.

Xuchao Yang

2014-07-01

363

Environmental consequences of rapid urbanization in zhejiang province, East china.  

Science.gov (United States)

Since reforms carried out in the late 1970s, China has experienced unprecedented rates of urban growth. Remote sensing data and surface observational data are used to investigate the urbanization process and related environmental consequences, focusing on extreme heat events and air pollution, in Zhejiang Province (ZJP, East China). Examination of satellite-measured nighttime light data indicates rapid urbanization in ZJP during the past decade, initially forming three urban clusters. With rapid urban sprawl, a significant Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect has emerged. During extreme heat events in summer, the UHI effect significantly exacerbates nocturnal heat stress in highly urbanized areas. Taking a long-term view, urbanization also causes additional hot days and hot degree days in urban areas. Urbanization also imposes a heavy burden on local and regional air quality in ZJP. Degraded visibility and an increase in haze days are observed at most meteorological stations, especially in the three urban clusters. The results show that urbanization has led to serious environmental problems in ZJP, not only on the city scale, but also on the regional scale. Maintaining a balance between the continuing process of urbanization and environmental sustainability is a major issue facing the local government. PMID:25019266

Yang, Xuchao; Yue, Wenze; Xu, Honghui; Wu, Jingsheng; He, Yue

2014-07-01

364

Maternal and child health in Yushu, Qinghai Province, China  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Surmang, Qinghai Province is a rural nomadic Tibetan region in western China recently devastated by the 2010 Yushu earthquake; little information is available on access and coverage of maternal and child health services. Methods A cross-sectional household survey was conducted in August 2004. 402 women of reproductive age (15-50 were interviewed regarding their pregnancy history, access to and utilization of health care, and infant and child health care practices. Results Women's access to education was low at 15% for any formal schooling; adult female literacy was Conclusions While China is on track to achieve national Millennium Development Goal targets for maternal and child health, women and children in Surmang suffer from substantial health inequities in access to antenatal, skilled birth and postpartum care. Institutional delivery, skilled attendance and cesarean delivery are virtually inaccessible, and consequently maternal and infant morbidity and mortality are likely high. Urgent action is needed to improve access to maternal, neonatal and child health care in these marginalized populations. The reconstruction after the recent earthquake provides a unique opportunity to link this population with the health system.

Tsering Ojen

2011-10-01

365

Evaluation of foaling heat in Arabian mares in Ninevah province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study was conducted to study the relationship between breeding season of Arabian mares at first estrous afterfoaling and pregnancy rate. Thirty six mares were divided in to two groups according to foaling heat in breeding season,transitional periods. Animals included in this study were maintained with the same management and conditions in the specialbreeding stables. This study was performed in a farm located in Nineveh province during the period from June 2008 to June2010. The mares were observed for the first estrous after foaling and the duration between foaling and first estrous after foaling(foaling heat in breeding season or transitional period and the estrous signs were recorded by exposing the mares to a teasersstallion. The results of this study showed that the foaling heat in the first group was 8-9 days in 26 mares in breeding seasonobserve first estrous while the pregnancy rate in 8 mares was 30.76%. However, results the second group of the first estroussign after foaling was 8-10 days in the 10 mares observe the first estrous in, transitional period without pregnancy. It could beconcluded that the detected foaling heat duration 8-10 days after normal foaling in breeding season and natural mating in spiteof decreased pregnancy rate at foaling heat.

M. A. Rahawy

2012-01-01

366

Environmental conditions for SMME development in a South African province  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The development of entrepreneurship is the focus of considerable policy interest in South Africa and many other countries. This is particularly in recognition of its contribution to economic growth, poverty alleviation and employment creation. In South Africa, various new strategies and institutions [...] have recently been created with a view to empowering formerly disadvantaged members to enter the mainstream economy as entrepreneurs rather than job seekers. While the government directs considerable efforts to advancing Small, Medium and Micro Enterprises (SMMEs), certain environmental factors can favour or hinder the optimal development of these firms. According to the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) reports, the level of entrepreneurial activity in South Africa is rather low in relation to that in other countries at a similar level of development. This paper uses factor analysis to examine the internal and external environmental conditions influencing the development of small ventures on the basis of a survey conducted in Pietermaritzburg, the capital of the KZN province. The results indicate that three clusters constrain SMME development in Pietermaritzburg: management, finance and external environmental conditions. In the external set, rising crime levels, laws and regulations, and taxation are found to be significant constraints to the development of business firms.

D, Mahadea; MK, Pillay.

2008-12-01

367

Climatically driven biogeographic provinces of Late Triassic tropical Pangea.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although continents were coalesced into the single landmass Pangea, Late Triassic terrestrial tetrapod assemblages are surprisingly provincial. In eastern North America, we show that assemblages dominated by traversodont cynodonts are restricted to a humid 6° equatorial swath that persisted for over 20 million years characterized by "semiprecessional" (approximately 10,000-y) climatic fluctuations reflected in stable carbon isotopes and sedimentary facies in lacustrine strata. More arid regions from 5-20 °N preserve procolophonid-dominated faunal assemblages associated with a much stronger expression of approximately 20,000-y climatic cycles. In the absence of geographic barriers, we hypothesize that these variations in the climatic expression of astronomical forcing produced latitudinal climatic zones that sorted terrestrial vertebrate taxa, perhaps by excretory physiology, into distinct biogeographic provinces tracking latitude, not geographic position, as the proto-North American plate translated northward. Although the early Mesozoic is usually assumed to be characterized by globally distributed land animal communities due to of a lack of geographic barriers, strong provinciality was actually the norm, and nearly global communities were present only after times of massive ecological disruptions. PMID:21571639

Whiteside, Jessica H; Grogan, Danielle S; Olsen, Paul E; Kent, Dennis V

2011-05-31

368

Reef fish and coral assemblages at Maptaput, Rayong Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study describes the structure of coral and fish assemblages of a group of small islands and pinnacles in the vicinity of Maptaput deep sea port, Rayong Province, Thailand during 2002. The coral and fish assemblages at Saket Island and nearby pinnacle, Hin-Yai, which are located less than 1 km from the deep sea port, had changed. Living coral cover in 2002 was 8% at Hin-Yai and 4% at Saket Island which decreased from 33% and 64%, respectively in the previous report in 1992. Numbers of coral species at Saket Island decreased from 41 species to 13 species. Acropora spp. that previously dominated the area had nearly disappeared. For fishes, a total of 40 species were found in 2002 the numbers decreased to only 6 species at Saket Island and 36 species at Hin-Yai. Fishes that dominated the area are small pomacentrids. After 1997, the conditions of coral and fish assemblages at Saket Island and Hin-Yai had markedly changed, whereas, the conditions found in the nearby area are much better. Sediment load from port construction was the primary cause of the degradation. This should indicate the adverse effect of sedimentation on coral and reef fish assemblages at Maptaput. Coral communities developed on rock pinnacles west of Maptaput deep-sea port are reported and described herein for the first time.

Voravit Cheevaporn

2007-06-01

369

Male Participation in Contraception in an Eastern Province of Turkey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available "nObjective: The aim of this study was to determine men’s knowledge, attitudes and practice towards family planning in a province of north-eastern Turkey. "nMaterials and Methods: This descriptive research was carried on 801 volunteers amongst men of reproductive age living in a city with a total population of 80,000 men. Data were gathered using a self-administered questionnaire that addressed men’s roles, attitudes and behaviors towards family planning. "nResults: The most commonly used contraceptives were condom (36.8% and withdrawal (27.3% methods in single men. Married men reported relying more on female methods and they were more satisfied with the method they used. The idea of shared responsibility in family planning was more appreciated by single men. The role of family as a source of knowledge about family planning was low in both groups. Married men were more against vasectomy and condom while single men had more negative attitudes towards using hormone pills for men if produced in the future."nConclusion: Comprehensive projects are needed to improve male participation in family planning, especially in male dominant cultures. This must be seen as a golden key in the reproductive health programs.

Nurdan Demirci

2008-10-01

370

A climate action plan for the province of New Brunswick  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Conservation Council of New Brunswick has proposed an action plan for climate change that would enable the province to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to 10 per cent below 1990 levels by 2020. The objective of the plan also involved eliminating the use of oil, coal and Orimulsion for power generation in New Brunswick. This report presented the proposed action plan. It discussed the growth in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in New Brunswick and main sources of carbon pollution. Strategies to stop global warming and the projected impacts of climate change were also presented. Provincial targets for pollution reduction were also identified. The paper also made several recommendations on opportunities for emissions reduction in New Brunswick. These included phasing out electricity exports by the Coleson Cove, Belledune and Dalhousie power plants; retrofitting housing and commercial/institutional building stock, combined with a comprehensive phase out strategy for electric heating; and, mixing renewable power, distributed natural gas cogeneration and green heat combined with the refurbishment of building stock. It was concluded that the long-term benefits of implementing regulatory and financial measures now will be felt as increased efficiency across the economy, employment and business opportunities in every community. 2 tabs., 1 fig.

NONE

2007-04-15

371

Echinostoma ilocanum infection in Oddar Meanchey Province, Cambodia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Fecal examinations using the Kato Katz technique were performed on a total of 1,287 villagers (945 students and 342 general inhabitants) of Oddar Meanchey Province, Cambodia in May 2007 and November 2009. The overall intestinal helminth egg positive rate was 23.9%, and the most prevalent helminth species was hookworms (21.6%). Other helminth eggs detected included echinostomes (1.0%), Enterobius vermicularis (0.8%), small trematode eggs (0.7%), which may include Opisthorchis viverrini and Haplorchis spp., and Hymenolepis nana (0.4%). In order to recover adult echinostomes, we treated 2 patients with 10-15 mg/kg praziquantel and purged. Total 14 adult echinostomes, 1 and 13 worms from each patient, were collected. The echinostomes characteristically had 49-51 collar spines and 2 round or slightly lobated testes. They were identified as Echinostoma ilocanum (Garrison, 1908) Odhner, 1911. So far as literature are concerned, this is the first record on the discovery of human E. ilocanum infection in Cambodia. PMID:21738278

Sohn, Woon-Mok; Kim, Hyeong-Jin; Yong, Tai-Soon; Eom, Keeseon S; Jeong, Hoo-Gn; Kim, Jae-Kwang; Kang, A-Reum; Kim, Mok-Ryun; Park, Jung-Mi; Ji, Soo-Hyeon; Sinuon, Muth; Socheat, Duong; Chai, Jong-Yil

2011-06-01

372

Epidemiology of livestock fasciolosis in Mendoza province, Argentina  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: Fasciolosis, parasitic disease caused by the trematode Fasciola hepatica, affects many mammals, particularly ruminants, and is now considered an important zoonotic disease. In Mendoza province, the data from the local slaughterhouses and observations made by veterinarians indicated that fasciolosis could be an important disease in cattle with 5,7% (1) liver condemnation registered which is well over the national average that oscillates yearly around 1%. Thus, even though fasciolosis seemed to be an important disease for livestock, the epidemiological information was lacking. Since the recent identification of the most efficient vector of fasciolosis in Mendoza, the introduced lymnaeid snail Galba truncatula (2), the epidemiological situation of fasciolosis needs to be addressed. Our objective was to gain insight in the epidemiology of fasciolosis in Mendoza province. Mendoza province is in the west of Argentina. To the east is a plains region and at the west are the Andes Mountains. The rivers run from the mountains in the west towards the east traversed by valleys were livestock is managed extensively and trashumance is a common practice To investigate the distribution of the lymnaeid snails, samples where recovered following an altitudinal gradient, from the plains region at 600 m.a.s.l. up to above 3000 m.a.s.l. In each sampling point, by means of a GPS, altitude, longitude and latitude was registered, water pH, conductivity and hardness evaluated, and tconductivity and hardness evaluated, and the environmental characteristics of the site recorded. To investigate the possible reservoirs fasciolosis coprological studies were performed (Lumbreras rapid sedimentation and Formo-ether sedimentation) and liver inspection at the slaughterhouse was recorded. Lymnaeid snails where found in 27 sites, belonging to all of the river basins of Mendoza. The range of altitude was from 649 masl to 2971 masl, (?1674). They were found in small streams with slow current in 18 sites (66,7%) small irrigation channels in 6 sites (22,2%) and ponds with still water in 3 sites (11,1%). In 24 sites (88,8%) the snails where constantly exposed to direct sunlight since there was no high vegetation or banks surrounding the water body, 23(85,2%)of the sites were in a rural setting and 4 (14,8%) of them where urban areas. In all the rural sites, livestock was to be found near the snail populations. The conductivity of the waters where the lymaneid snails were presented ranged from 121-2830 m? (? 675), ph ranged from 5,95-7,4 (? 6,91) and hardness 48- 1210 ppm (?288,7) Cattle, sheep, goats, horses mules, donkeys and llamas where positive for fasciolosis. Out of 705 coprological studies performed, 186 (26.38%) where positive. The highest prevalence where in goats, out of 434 animals tested, 139 (32%) where positive. In equines, out of 114 tested, 29 (25%) where positive. All the positive animals where from altitudes of over 900 m.a.s.l. and no positive animals where found in the plains region. At the provincial abattoir, out of 754 cattle raised in Mendoza, 258 (34%) where positive for fasciolosis. All the positive animals came from the Andean valleys. At the local abattoir, which only butchered cattle from Tupungato region, principally Andean valleys, out of 653 animals inspected, 441 (67,5%) had fasciolosis. In Mendoza province, the prevalence in livestock is amongst the highest in Argentina, superior to what could have been initially concluded from the national abattoir statistics. Even though livestock is found from the plains regions up to the mountain valleys, fascioliosis affects almost exclusively animals from the mountainous regions where the highest prevalence are to be found, being a very rare and almost unknown disease in the lowlands. This correlates almost perfectly with the lymnaied distribution that we found. The altitudinal range of the snail populations, which can be found at very high altitudes, speak of the great adaptability that it has to extreme environmental conditions. It also colonized many man made irrigation

373

Historical ecology of the Raja Ampat Archipelago, Papua Province, Indonesia.  

Science.gov (United States)

This work presents a review of the status of marine resources of the Raja Ampat Archipelago, Papua Province, Indonesia, based on narratives of early European expeditions in various museums and libraries in Europe, Canada, and local archives in Papua. More than 500 pertinent documents on the study area were identified and located in various European museums and at the University of British Columbia library. About half of these were scanned (25,000 pages), which yielded the equivalent of 900 pages of text (or 4% of the total number of pages scanned) with observations on abundance and impact of the human population on the marine ecosystem within 2 degrees North and 2 degrees South between 127 degrees and 132 degrees East. In general, these observations, which spanned the period from 1810 to the present, suggest a decrease in the perceived occurrences of turtles, fish, and invertebrates; perceived abundance of turtles, fish, and algae; percieved subsistence exploitation of marine resources; and an increase in perceived commercial exploitation of marine resources. We conclude with a discussion of the problems and potential of contents analysis, and its use in the historical reconstruction of broad biodiversity trends. PMID:18411836

Palomares, Maria Lourdes D; Heymans, Johanna J; Pauly, Daniel

2007-01-01

374

Phytoremediation potential of indigenous plants from Thai Nguyen province, Vietnam.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was focused on determining Arsenic (As), Lead (Pb), Cadmium (Cd) and Zinc (Zn) in 33 indigenous plants and 12 soil in-situ plant samples in Thai Nguyen Province, Vietnam. The results showed that the soils of surveyed mining areas contained 181.2- 6754.3 mg kg(-1) As, 235.5-4337.2 mg kg(-1) Pb, 0.8- 419 mg kg(-1) Cd and 361.8-17565.1 mg kg(-1) Zn depending on the characteristics of each mining site. These values are much higher than those typical for normal soil. The heavy metal uptake into shoots and roots of 33 indigenous plant species was also determined. Two species of the plants investigated, Pteris vittata L. and Pityrogramma calomelanos L. were As hyperaccumulators, containing more than 0.1% heavy metals in their shoots. Eleusine indica L., Cynodon dactylon L., Cyperus rotundus L. and Equisetum ramosissimum (Vauch) accumulate very high Pb (0.15-0.65%) and Zn (0.22-1.56%) concentration in their roots. Additional experiments to clarify the potential of six these plants as good candidates for phytoremediation of heavy metal pollution soil are being carried out in our laboratory. PMID:21882664

Anh, Bui Thi Kim; Kim, Dang Dinh; Tua, Tran Van; Kien, Nguyen Trung; Anh, Do Tuan

2011-03-01

375

Hainan - State, Society, and Business in a Chinese Province  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This book examines the complex relationship between the state, society and business in China, focusing on the experience of the island province of Hainan. This island, for many years a provincial backwater, was given provincial rank in 1988 and became the testing ground for experiments of an economic, political, and social nature that have received great attention from Beijing, in particular the "small government, big society" project. This book provides a full account of this transition, showing how Hainan casts important light on a number of highly topical issues in contemporary China studies: central-local relations, institutional reform, state-society relations, and economic development strategies. It provides detailed evidence of how relations between party cadres, state bureaucrats, businesses, foreign investors and civil society play out in practice in China today. It argues that despite the liberalization of recent years, especially in the economic sphere, the party state remains the most powerful actor in Chinese society, and that path-breaking reform experiments such as in Hainan remain highly vulnerable due to the central government's hesitation to commit the resources and unequivocal political support needed for the experiments to be successfully realized.

BrØdsgaard, Kjeld Erik

2008-01-01

376

Malaria Cases in Three Districts in the Midlands Province, Zimbabwe  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The number of malaria cases in the under 5, 5-14 and above 15 years age groups in three districts in the Midlands Province were studied over a period of one year, from January to December 2003.The total number of malaria cases in all the three age groups were significantly different in all the districts (p<0.05. Gokwe had the highest number of cases in the all the age categories (p<0.05. The malarial cases tended to be highly seasonal in Gokwe but to a lesser extent in Kwekwe. There was a high monthly variation of malarial cases in Gweru. Although the >15 years age group had the highest number of cases, the number of cases in the under five age group is a cause for concern. Plasmodium falciparum had a prevalence of >86% in all the districts during the rainy season. The implications of these findings are discussed in relation to the health and socio-economics of the three districts.

D.Z. Moyo

2004-01-01

377

Price Analysis of Used Tractors in Çanakkale Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The control of machinery costs is a key factor in improving the profitability of a farm. On many farms 30-40% of the fixed costs can be allocated to farm machinery. For this reason, the purchase of a tractor is one of the most important decisions to be made on any farm. A correct decision will benefit the business considerably but the wrong decision will be an expensive mistake to be regretted for many years. There are two different way to purchase the tractors in any farm. One of them is purchasing the tractor as new one, the other one is purchasing the he tractors as used or second hand. are purchased as new in some farms instead of purchasing he tractor as second hand or used.The used tractor prices and market conditions should be evaluated for the correct agricultural machinery management decisions. Price analysis of the used tractors has to be used in hiring or purchasing decision. In addition to that, Optimum equipment size calculations require the price data of used tractors.In the scope of this research, second hand tractor price data gathered from the showrooms in the Çanakkale province were evaluated. Before all else, general structure of second hand tractor market were defined by applying a comprehensive questionnaire to showroom owners. In addition, second hand tractor prices were arranged according to brand-model, age and power category.

S. Ozpinar

2008-09-01

378

Microbiological Quality of Cream-Cakes Sold in Tekirdag Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study was aimed to determine the microbiological qualities of totally 120 cream cakes including chocolate and fruit type, purchased from 30 randomly selected pastry shops in Tekirda? province. Based on the Turkish Food Codex Microbiological Criterias Communique; 59, 50, 16 and 53 out of 60 chocolate cake samples tested were found to be potentially hazardous/unacceptible respectively for total mesophilic aerobic bacteria (98.3% of the total >105 cfu/g, coliform bacteria (83.3%of the total >102 cfu/g, Staphylococcus aureus (26.6% of the total >102 cfu/g and yeast and mould (88.3% of the total >103 cfu/g. On the other hand, 60, 56, 19 and 55 out of 60 fruit cake samples tested were found to be potentially hazardous/unacceptible respectively for total mesophilic aerobic bacteria (100 % >105 cfu/g, coliform bacteria (93.3%of the total >102 cfu/g, Staphylococcus aureus (31.6% of the total >102 cfu/g and yeast and mould (91.6% of the total >103 cfu/g. Salmonella were not detected in any of the chocolate and fruit cake samples. Obtained results showed that the microbiological qualities of cakes were poor due to poor hygiene and poor food handling practices in pastry shops.

A. M. Konyal?

2005-09-01

379

Photovoltaic generating systems in rural schools in Neuquen Province, Argentina  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

During the period 1994-95, solar photovoltaic systems were installed at a number of schools in Neuquen Province, Argentina, by the Provincial electric utility, Ente Provincial de Energia del Neuquen. This was undertaken with funds provided by the Inter-American Development Bank. In all, there are 12 schools that have had photovoltaic generating systems installed. These generating systems are designed to provide electricity for the basic needs at the schools: primarily for lighting, and to operate small electrical appliances such as communication radios, televisions, VCR`s, AM/FM and short-wave radios. They do not provide enough energy to operate large consumption appliances such as washing machines, microwaves, refrigerators, power tools, etc. The program of provision of PV systems was supplemented with training on simple systems for cooking food or drying fruit, etc. These techniques are primarily intended for demonstration at the schools thus serving an educational role with the hope that they will be transmitted in time to the families of the students where the need is manifested the most.

Lawand, T.A.; Campbell, J. [Brace Research Institute, Quebec (Canada)

1997-12-01

380

Paleoparasitological results for rodent coprolites from Santa Cruz Province, Argentina  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The aim of this study was to examine the parasite remains present in rodent coprolites collected from the archaeological site Alero Destacamento Guardaparque (ADG) located in the Perito Moreno National Park (Santa Cruz Province, 47º57'S 72º05'W). Forty-eight coprolites were obtained from the layers [...] 7, 6 and 5 of ADG, dated at 6,700 ± 70, 4,900 ± 70 and 3,440 ± 70 years BP, respectively. The faecal samples were processed and examined using paleoparasitological procedures. A total of 582 eggs of parasites were found in 47 coprolites. Samples were positive for eggs of Trichuris sp. (Nematoda: Trichuridae), Calodium sp., Eucoleus sp., Echinocoleus sp. and an unidentified capillariid (Nematoda: Capillariidae) and for eggs of Monoecocestus (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae). Quantitative differences among layer for both coprolites and parasites were recorded. In this study, the specific filiations of parasites, their zoonotic importance, the rodent identity, on the basis of previous zooarchaeological knowledge, and the environmental conditions during the Holocene in the area are discussed.

Norma Haydée, Sardella; Martín Horacio, Fugassa; Diego Damián, Rindel; Rafael Agustín, Goñi.

2010-02-01

381

EARLY HISTORY OF AVIATION IN THE EASTERN PROVINCE  

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Full Text Available Let me firstly state categorically that the Eastern Province is the cradle of aviationin South Africa. Although Admiral John Weston built the first aircraft in SouthAfrica at Brandfort in the Orange Free State in 1907, his machine was takenoverseas for its first flight on 10th December 1910. It was not flown here untilJune, 1911.2 When one asks the question, "who made the first ever heavier-thanairflight?", the answer is invariably "the Wright brothers at Kittyhawk, USA in1903". Who made the first flight of this type in South Africa? A scant six yearsafter the Wright brothers, Albert Kimmerling flew on 28th December, 1909, in aVoisin single-seater biplane at East London. This historic flight took place near theNahoon racecourse. "The aeroplane answered his every wish, swooping, turningand twisting in a marvellous fashion at about thirty miles per hour" wrote an excitedreporter of the great occasion. The flight was repeated on New Year's Day, endingin a minor crash. Thus occurred the first air crash on South African soil. Fortunatelythe damage was slight and the flying programme soon continued.

T.G.E. Cockbain

2012-02-01

382

Liver cirrhosis in North West Frontier Province of Pakistan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective To find out aetiological factors and presentation of patients with liver cirrhosis in North-West Frontier province (NWFP) of Pakistan. Design: An observational study. Place and duration of study: The study was conducted in medical unit of Hayatabad medical complex, Peshawar, from 1st February 1998 to 30th November 1999. Patients and Methods: A total to 100 patients, more than 13 years of age, consecutively admitted in medical unit were included in the study. All the patients were investigated for aetiological factors and complications of cirrhosis. Liver histology was also performed in all the patients besides routine investigations. Results: Seventy-one percent patients were under 40 years of age and 65% of the were males. Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) was the commonest underlying cause accounting for 41%, followed by Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) responsible for 30% of the cases. Alcohol was responsible for 4%. One patient had primary haemochromatosis and another had Wilson s disease. In 23 patients, no cause could be ascertained. Sixty percent patients presented with non-specific symptoms, 16% with hepatic precoma and only 4% with haematemesis and/or malena. Conclusion: HCV is the leading cause of cirrhosis followed by HBV in NWFP population and majority of patients presented with complications of cirrhosis. (author)

383

First provincial survey of Angiostrongylus cantonensis in Guangdong Province, China.  

Science.gov (United States)

The rat lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a zoonotic nematode with a wide distribution. We report the first provincial survey of the prevalence of A. cantonensis infection among wild rodents and snails in Guangdong Province, China. A total of 2929 Pomacea canaliculata and 1354 Achatina fulica were collected from fields in 22 survey sites with a larval infection rates ranging from 0-26.6% to 0-45.4%. In addition, 114 Cipangopaludina sp and 252 Bellamya sp were bought from markets; larvae were found only in Bellamya snails from two survey sites with an infection rate of 1.4% (1/70) and 3.3% (3/91), respectively. Four hundred and ninety-one rodents were captured in nine sites (Rattus norvegicus, R. flavipectus, Suncus murinus, Mus musculus, Bandicota indica, R. losea and R. rattus). Adult worms were found in R. norvegicus, R. flavipectus and Bandicota indica. Our survey revealed a wide distribution of A. cantonensis and its intermediate hosts P. canaliculata and A. fulica in Guangdong. The prevalence of A. cantonensis in wild snails and rats poses a substantial risk for angiostrongyliasis in humans. PMID:21906215

Deng, Zhuo-Hui; Zhang, Qi-Ming; Huang, Shao-Yu; Jones, Jeffrey L

2012-01-01

384

Uranium distribution in Brazilian granitic rocks. Identification of uranium provinces  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The research characterized and described uranium enriched granitoids in Brazil. They occur in a variety of tectonic environments and are represented by a variety granite types of distinct ages. It may be deduced that in general they have been generated by partial melting process of continental crust. However, some of them, those with tonality composition, indicate a contribution from mantle derived materials, thus suggesting primary uranium enrichment from the upper mantle. Through this study, the identification and characterization of uranium enriched granite or uranium provinces in Brazil can be made. This may also help identify areas with potential for uranium mineralization although it has been note that uranium mineralization in Brazil are not related to the uranium enrichment process. In general the U-anomalous granitoids are composed of granites with alkaline composition and granite ''sensu strictu'' which comprise mainly of syenites, quartz-syenites and biotite-hornblende granites, with ages between 1,800 - 1,300 M.a. The U-anomalous belongings to this period present high Sr initial ratios values, above 0.706, and high Rb contents. Most of the U-enriched granitoids occur within ancient cratonic areas, or within Early to Mid-Proterozoic mobile belts, but after their cratonization. Generally, these granitoids are related to the border zones of the mobile belts or deep crustal discontinuity. Refs, 12 figs, 3 tabs

385

Upper Jurassic ramp carbonate and associated evaporite, Neuquen Province, Argentina  

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The Oxfordian La Manga Limestone (10-65 m) and overlying Auquilco Gypsum (315 m maximum thickness) crop out along the west flank of the Neuquen basin, Neuquen Province, Argentina (36/sup 0/40/sup 0/S lat.). The contact with the underlying Lotena Sandstone is gradational, and both formations are cut by the Late Jurassic Araucanian angular unconformity. Seven lithofacies have been identified within sections measured through the entire interval along the northeast to southwest trending, 30-km long Sierra de la Vaca Muerta ridge (38/sup 0/30'-39/sup 0/S). The La Manga Limestone is interpreted as a temperate ramp carbonate that developed over the Lotena Formation siliciclastic shelf. Interpretations of lithofacies from southwest to northeast are: behind-barrier subtidal lagoon with washovers; coral and red algae biostromes; ooid and peloid sand shoals; downslope wackestone and packstone mud mounds; and deep-water carbonate turbidites. A minor regression separates La Manga and Auquilco Formations. Lithofacies of the Auquilco Formation indicate a shallowing-up sequence comprised of initially deep (hundreds of meters) subaqueous evaporite deposition followed by shallow, subtidal carbonate peloidal and shell fragment grainstones and evaporites. Thickness of the subaqueous evaporite gives an order of magnitude estimate of Auquilco basin depths of a few hundred meters at most. The Neuquen basin has an intermediate proportion of carbonate in comparison to relatively carbonate-poor basins to the south and carbonate-rich basins to the north.

Nickelsen, B.H.; Merrill, D.A.

1986-05-01

386

Mexican mesozoic uranium province: its distribution and metallogeny  

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The distribution of uranium scattered in sedimentary terrains of the continental jurassic such as those found in the Tlaxiaco-Guerrero Basin encourage the outlook for uncovering extensive new deposits of strato-bound uranium belonging to the Mexican mesozoic in other structurally similar intercratonic basins. Stratographic and paleographic structural references define the simultaneous evolution of five sedimentary basins during the Mexican geotechtonic cycle: 1. the Tlaxiaco-Guerrero basin, 2. the Huayacocotla basin, 3. the Gulf of Sabinas basin, 4. the Chihuahua basin and 5. the Sonora basin. From the various lithostratographic formations in them we favourably infer the presence of intermountainous mesozoic concentrations of uranium sediments leached from crystalline precambric packets and from nevadian plutonites and volcanic rocks. During the metallogeny process described under the techtonic evolution of the Mexican structural belt, the presence is established of extensive terciary hydrothermal uranium deposits in the districts of Aldama, Chihuahua; Coneto-El Rodeo, Durango; Vizarron de Montes, Queretaro; Tlaucingo, Puebla; Los Amoles, Sonora; El Picacho, Sonora; Amalia Margarita, Coahuila; etc., scattered in sandstones and sinters of the continental mesozoic and shifted during the postorogenic phase of the Mexican geotectonic cycle. The extensive mesozoic province defined within the Mexican territory favourable to large deposits of uranium, scattered and strato-bound in triassic, jurassic and cretaceous sandstone and sinters, could resolve future demands for energetics within a modified philosophy and resourceful policy of regional mining.

Bazan B, S. (Uranio Mexicano, Mexico City)

1981-01-01

387

Multi-staged remote sensing of French uranium provinces  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study has been conducted in the frame of an exploratory research program on the global evaluation of spatial relationships between large scale lineaments and uranium provinces in France. The global interpretation is based on the computer processing and enhancement of meteorological satellite data. It is followed on specific areas of Massif Central by a multi-staged study using the progressive refinement capabilities of HCMM, LANDSAT and airborne observations. The principal advantage in the use of large scale satellite observations lies in the good spectral and temporal homogeneity in the data throughout the territory of France. This is usually not the case when working with LANDSAT mosaics over such large areas. The use of thermal imagery as well as multiseasonal observations brings unique information on the signature of large scale lineaments and structures. A detailed study is undertaken on the granite formations of Bretagne/Vendee and Massif Central. The persistent linear structures revealed in the imagery have been put into relationship with the location of known uranium deposits

388

The Mesozoic succession of Dire Dawa, Harar Province, Ethiopia  

Science.gov (United States)

The Mesozoic succession of Dire Dawa, Harar Province, Ethiopia, consists of a lower fluviatile sandstone (Adigrat Sandstone); an intermediate carbonate-marly unit, formerly called Antalo Limestone; and an upper fluviatile sandstone (Amba Aradam Formation). This study has shown that the intermediate unit consists of four different formations grouped into two depositional sequences. These sequences and their boundaries, Middle-Late Jurassic in age, are well correlated with sequences recognised throughout East Africa and a large part of Yemen. The base of the lower sequence (Antalo Supersequence) is time-transgressive (Pliensbachian to Oxfordian) and is the result of the first flooding of this sector of the Gondwana continent during the Mesozoic. The second major sequence boundary is also time-transgressive and corresponds to an abrupt deepening of East Africa and southern Arabia shallow water ramps and carbonate platforms, a collapse most probably related to the separation of Madagascar from Africa. A major tectonic event occurred in Early Cretaceous from northern Ethiopia to Yemen, and southern Ethiopia and Somalia. This vast uplift, testified by faults and angular uncomformities, was followed by deposition of fluviatile sediments over the entire region.

Bosellini, A.; Russo, A.; Assefa, G.

2001-04-01

389

Continental tectonics and uranium province of South China  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The pre-Sinian metamorphic basement of South China consists of 4 blocks, namely the Jiangnan, the Wuyi, the Yunkai-South Sea and the Mintai which belong to the same lithospheric plate from late Proterozoic on. The plate is enriched in U and Th revealed by Pb-isotopic study, which plays an role of essential prerequisite for the formation of U province. The amalgamation of the 4 blocks and their final attachment to Yangtze craton were resulted from Proterozoic, Caledonian, Indonesia and Yangshanian orogenic events, driven by Moho-rheologic stratification so that uraniferous black rock sequences and U-hosting granites and volcanics in age from late Sinian to Jurassic were produced in the fore lands of corresponding major orogenic uplifts. The change of tectonic regime from compression-relaxed to lateral tension happened after significant crust's thickening and large-scale emplacement of granitic batholiths during late Triassic and early Jurassic though local compression occurred from middle Eocene to Oligocene. Most of U deposits were just formed in association with this para-cratonization process from late Jurassic to Eogene. South China GGT shows that there exist the thinning and the break-up of undercrustal lithosphere at the Datian and the Quanzhou and funnel-shaped seg at middle Hunan. The former two are considered to be the product of up-migration of hot mantle plume and the latter to be the place of down-migration of cold mantle plumemantle plume

390

Epidemiology of clonorchiasis in Ninh Binh Province, Vietnam.  

Science.gov (United States)

Clinical and stool examinations for clonorchiasis were carried out in an endemic area, Kim Son District, Ninh Binh Province, Vietnam. Stool examination with the Kato-Katz technic revealed that in 306 residents selected randomly, 42 people (13.7%) were infected with Clonorchis sinensis. The rate was biased towards men (23.4%) as opposed to women (1.5%) and increased with age. No children younger than 10 years old were infected, reflecting difference in a chance for acquisition of infection through a habit of eating raw fish. Few clinical abnormalities were found by blood and urine examinations of the patients. Treatment with praziquantel decreased the infection rate to 5.3% at 6 weeks later. Snails, Melanoides tuberculatus, collected from ponds around the settlements were infected with cercariae at a rate of 13.3%. Farmed fish (Hypophthalmichtys molitrix) in the ponds were infected with metacercariae at rates of 56.4% in small individuals and 100% in large ones. The life cycle of C. sinensis is exclusively completed in the ponds and the traditional habit of eating raw fish in summer was thought to be a major route of infection. PMID:9886107

Kino, H; Inaba, H; Van De, N; Van Chau, L; Son, D T; Hao, H T; Toan, N D; Cong, L D; Sano, M

1998-06-01

391

Microbial characteristics of food preparations in Benevento province  

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Full Text Available The aim of this preliminary study was to determine the microbiological quality of pastry products and gastronomic preparations served in food service establishments in Benevento province, Southern Italy. A total of 125 samples were collected from food service establishments. Parameters investigated were: aerobic plate counts (APCs, total Coliform bacteria counts, beta-glucuronidase-positive Escherichia (E. coli counts, Enterobacteriaceae counts, coagulase-positive Staphylococci counts, isolation of Salmonella spp., Bacillus (B. cereus counts, and isolation of Listeria (L. monocytogenes. The microbiological quality was good, with absence of the pathogens L. monocytogenes and Salmonella spp. and extremely rare presence of E. coli. The fresh pastry and the uncooked gastronomy products were the most contaminated groups; also, cooked cold-served gastronomy products were susceptible to microbiological risk, as a result of the inadequate reheating and the interruption of the warm chain. On the contrary, dried pastry and cooked warm-served gastronomy products showed an excellent hygienic profile. In fact, the amount of compliant samples was 74.4%.

Francesca Barone

2013-06-01

392

Oil and gas fiscal regimes of the western Canadian provinces  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report compares the fiscal regimes in British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. During 1985-1988, federal and provincial governments have made numerous fiscal changes, many in response to the drop in world oil prices. The new fiscal policies generally have reflected governments' willingness to forego revenues in an effort to aid the oil and gas industry, with certain exemptions. Since 1988, changes have reflected trends of consolidation and less government willingness to forego revenues. A federal large corporations capital tax has been introduced, the natural gas exploration holiday in Alberta expired, new oil royalties were introduced, and changes were made in fiscal regimes to accomodate horizontal drilling in Saskatchewan and Manitoba. In this document, the existing corporate tax regime is described. A comparison of fiscal regimes must recognize the differing scale and nature of oil and gas operations among the 4 provinces, with Alberta accounting for 80-90% of Canada's oil and gas productions, while British Columbia, Saskatchewan and Manitoba are much smaller producers. The document describes Crown royalties and incentives and freehold taxes for each type of fuel (crude oil, natural gas, natural gas byproducts, nonconventional oil). 8 figs

393

Complex origins of the Lusitania biogeographic province and northeastern Atlantic fishes  

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Full Text Available The Lusitania Province encompasses the warm temperate marine waters between the southern end of the English Channel, in the North, and Cape Juby or Cape Blanco, in the South, including the Mediterranean and the archipelagoes of the Azores, Madeira and the Canary Islands. Briggs and Bowen (2012 proposed that the warm temperate provinces, although retaining their provincial status, should be grouped with the adjacent tropical ones. Thus, they included the Lusitania Province in a warm eastern Atlantic region. We argue that the time elapsed since the Miocene was sufficient to allow the evolution of endemic species, genera and some higher rank taxa, a finding that emphasizes the convenience to avoid the integration of the province in this larger region. The tropicality index for the Lusitania Province is 1.82, indicating a prevalence of warm water over cold water fish. However, this value is strongly biased by the large differences between the Macaronesian archipelagos (4.08 and the mainland coasts of the Lusitania Province (0.66.

Vítor C. Almada

2013-04-01

394

Chapter 41: Geology and petroleum potential of the West Greenland-East Canada Province  

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The US Geological Survey (USGS) assessed the potential for undiscovered oil and gas resources of the West Greenland-East Canada Province as part of the USGS Circum-Arctic Resource Appraisal programme. The province lies in the offshore area between western Greenland and eastern Canada and includes Baffin Bay, Davis Strait, Lancaster Sound and Nares Strait west of and including part of Kane Basin. A series of major tectonic events led to the formation of several distinct structural domains that are the geological basis for defining five assessment units (AU) in the province, all of which are within the Mesozoic-Cenozoic Composite Petroleum System. Potential petroleum source rocks include strata of Ordovician, Lower and Upper Cretaceous, and Palaeogene ages. The five AUs defined for this study - the Eurekan Structures AU, NW Greenland Rifted Margin AU, NE Canada Rifted Margin AU, Baffin Bay Basin AU and the Greater Ungava Fault Zone AU - encompass the entire province and were assessed for undiscovered technically recoverable resources. The mean volumes of undiscovered resources for the West Greenland-East Canada Province are 10.7 ?? 109 barrels of oil, 75 ?? 1012 cubic feet of gas, and 1.7 ?? 109 barrels of natural gas liquids. For the part of the province that is north of the Arctic Circle, the estimated mean volumes of these undiscovered resources are 7.3 ?? 109 barrels of oil, 52 ?? 1012 cubic feet of natural gas, and 1.1 ?? 109 barrels of natural gas liquids. ?? 2011 The Geological Society of London.

Schenk, C.J.

2011-01-01

395

Characteristics of Water Resources Utilization and Virtual Water Trade in Hebei Province  

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Full Text Available Water resource is one of the main factors limiting the development of water-deficient areas. Virtual water theory and virtual water trade model were used to analyze the characteristics of water resources utilization in Hebei Province. Based on an input-output model, water resource consumptions in different sectors of the economy and virtual water in domestic and international trade in Hebei Province were analyzed. Results indicated that natural resource exploitation and processing sectors topped the list of water consumption intensity which including agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fisheries, nonmetal minerals and other minerals mining and dressing industries and electric power, steam and hot water producing industry. Hebei Province was the net input area in the domestic trade while the net output area in the foreign trade in 2007. The later was far more than the former which finally made Hebei Province the net output area of virtual water. The net output of virtual water was 10.521 billion m3 in 2007, almost 52.13% of total water consumption in Hebei Province. Massive exportation of high-water-consumption products which were mainly produced by agriculture, food manufacturing industry, tobacco processing industry and metals smelting and pressing industry, intensified the pressure of water resource in Hebei Province. Thus, the exportation of high-water-consumption products should be controlled to relieve the regional contradiction between the supply and requirement of water resources.

H.Z. Zhang

2013-01-01

396

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in sows in Hunan province, China.  

Science.gov (United States)

Toxoplasma gondii infections are prevalent in animals and humans worldwide. Although the prevalence of T. gondii has been reported in many animals in China, little is known of T. gondii infection in sows. Antibodies to T. gondii in sows in Hunan province, subtropical China, were examined using indirect hemagglutination test (IHAT). Overall, 31.3% (373/1191) of the examined sows were seropositive for T. gondii. Among 11 representative regions of Hunan province, the seroprevalence ranged from 14.8% to 45.1%. In addition, the T. gondii seroprevalence was higher in summer (37.4%) and autumn (34.9%) than in spring (24.6%) and winter (23.9%). Regarding different antibody titers, the seroprevalence ranged from 1.8% (titer ? 1: 1024) to 17.4% (titer = 1:64). The findings of the present investigation revealed the high seroprevalence of T. gondii in sows in Hunan province, China, which poses a potential risk for T. gondii infection in humans and animals in this province. Therefore, effective measures should be taken to prevent and control toxoplasmosis of pigs in this province. This is the first report of the comprehensive survey of T. gondii seroprevalence in sows in Hunan Province, subtropical China. PMID:24683331

Xu, Ying; Li, Run-Cheng; Liu, Guo-Hua; Cong, Wei; Zhang, Xiao-Xuan; Yu, Xing-Long; Zhu, Xing-Quan

2014-01-01

397

Transpressional tectonics vs. superposed deformation in the Rengali Province, eastern Indian shield  

Science.gov (United States)

A primary concern in ancient transpressional shear zones is to demonstrate that the shortening and strike-slip components of deformation operated simultaneously. In the eastern Indian shield, ultrahigh grade granulite terrane of the Eastern Ghats Belt collided with the Archaean Indian craton around ~ 1 Ga. Subsequently, the northern boundary of the granulite belt was affected by a dextral strike-slip system that juxtaposed it against the Singhbhum Province. The strike-slip system is characterized by two WNW-ESE trending strands that enclose a multiply deformed (D1 to D3) intervening domain that is referred to as the Rengali Province. D1 and D2 represent a deformation continuum that operated under granulite / amphibolite facies conditions. Available zircon ages from amphibolite facies gneisses within the province indicate a late Archaean age for the D1-D2 deformation. In a granulite lens in the central part of the province, an early fabric-forming deformation (Dgr) is represented by cylindrical D1-D2 folding. D3 shortening was superimposed on D1-D2 folds in the surrounding lithologies of the province, generating complex non-cylindrical geometries. However, there is no evidence of D3 shortening strain within the granulites. Microstructures in the province-bounding D3 strike-slip shear zones indicate that mylonitization and dynamic recrystallization was associated with greenschist facies metamorphism. In quartzite bands within these shear zones, syn-D3 folds can be correlated with rotation of D1-D2 structures through the shortening zone of bounding dextral shears. Strain analyses and Anisotropy of Magnetic Susceptibility studies in these quartzites indicate that post-D2 strain ellipsoids are characterized by sub-vertical axial planes and extrusion directions consistent with crustal shortening. Samples from high D3 strain zones are associated with sub-horizontal extrusion parallel to the inferred direction of strike-slip shearing, and have kinematic vorticity numbers > 0.90 indicating dominantly simple shear deformation. Thus, D3 strike-slip shearing was associated with a limited pure shear component, indicating that it is unrelated to the widespread shortening structures documented from the region. Chlorite bearing syn-D3 assemblages within the mica schists yield ages of 490-470 Ma, indicating that greenschist facies metamorphism in the Rengali Province operated 2000 Ma after the amphibolite facies event. Since the province-bounding shears form a step-over zone, the structural complexity within the Rengali Province arises from superposition of syn-D3 shortening structures on earlier cylindrical D1-D2 folds. The predominant shortening observed within the province, therefore, is genetically unrelated to the Cambro-Ordovician strike-slip deformation.

Gupta, Saibal; Misra, Surajit

2014-05-01

398

Congenital Hypothyroidism: Increased Incidence in Yazd Province, Iran  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH is one of the most common preventable causes of mental retardation. Its worldwide incidence is estimated to be one in 2500-5500 births. Assessment of thyroid gland in neonates is critical. The aims of this study were to demonstrate the incidence of CH in neonates born in Yazd province, Iran in 1389 (2010 and compare the results with other reported studies and investigate biochemical characteristics of affected infants. Materials & Methods: This is an analytical descriptive cross-sectional study. The study was conducted on all infants (13022 births born in 1389 (March 2010-March 2011. Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH was measured using ELISA technique. Results: Forty five infants suffered from congenital hypothyroidism with an overall incidence of one in 289 live births. Twenty five of the diagnosed infants were males (incidence 1:261 and twenty were females (incidence 1:325. The incidence of CH in boys was more than girls (P-value = 0.295. The highest incidence of CH was observed in spring followed by summer and the lowest incidence was in autumn followed by winter (P-value=0.000. Conclusion: The CH incidence was 10.3 to 13.8 times more than other countries. The highest CH incidence was in spring followed by summer and the lowest incidence was in autumn followed by winter. It is important that a larger size of cases need to be screened and more information on the aetiology of the affected infants to be obtained

M. Noori-Shadkam

2012-07-01

399

Quality of asthma care: Western Cape Province, South Africa  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Asthma is the eighth leading contributor to the burden of disease in South Africa, but has received less attention than other chronic diseases. The Asthma Guidelines Implementation Project (AGIP) was established to improve the impact of the South African guidelines for chronic asthma in [...] adults and adolescents in the Western Cape. One strategy was an audit tool to assist with assessing and improving the quality of care. METHODS: The audit of asthma care targeted all primary care facilities that managed adult patients with chronic asthma within all six districts of the Western Cape province. The usual steps in the quality improvement cycle were followed. RESULTS: Data were obtained from 957 patients from 46 primary care facilities. Only 80% of patients had a consistent diagnosis of asthma, 11.5% of visits assessed control and 23.2% recorded a peak expiratory flow (PEF), 14% of patients had their inhaler technique assessed and 11.2% were given a self-management plan; 81% of medication was in stock, and the controller/reliever dispensing ratio was 0.6. Only 31.5% of patients were well controlled, 16.3% of all visits were for exacerbations, and 17.6% of all patients had been hospitalised in the previous year. CONCLUSION: The availability of medication and prescription of inhaled steroids is reasonable, yet control is poor. Health workers do not adequately distinguish asthma from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, do not assess control by questions or PEF, do not adequately demonstrate or assess the inhaler technique, and have no systematic approach to or resources for patient education. Ten recommendations are made to improve asthma care.

Bob, Mash; Hilary, Rhode; Michael, Pather; Gillian, Ainslie; Elvis, Irusen; Angeni, Bheekie; Pat, Mayers.

2009-12-01

400

Family planning for seasonal migrant workers in Adana Province, Turkey.  

Science.gov (United States)

A new project supported by the Pathfinder Fund to serve migrant farm workers has been developed in Adana Province, a populous region in southern Turkey. The economy their is primarily agricultural, with some heavy industry. As estimated 100,000 migrant workers are needed to planting and harvesting in this region. They make between $55-$60 a month, which is about 1/3 of the minimum age. Most migrant workers travel long distances to Adana where they live in tents. Living conditions are poor, with no running water or toilets. Malaria, gastroenteritis and intestinal parasites are endemic. Unofficial figures show that over 75% of school children have intestinal parasites. UNICEF has helped with vaccinations, maternal and health care, and powdered milk distribution. Most Turkish workers are covered by social security laws that provide health care for them. Almost non of the migrant workers are covered by social security. Surveys show that 80% of migrant workers desire 4 or more children, usually due to economic conditions, (i.e. labor for increased family income). The rates of miscarriage, morbidity and mortality are very high in August and September because pregnant women try to work until the very last day of the term. The pilot program in Adana increased the number of health centers per workers, as well as offering extended evening hours. Health clinic trailers were rotated as needed within the region. The program provided general health care, vaccinations, pre natal and post natal maternity care and a sharp focus on family planning. The year long pilot program was considered wildly successful. This was attributed, in large part, to the extended evening hours of the clinics as well as mobility of the trailers. Also, finances provided by the Fund were also crucial for implementation. PMID:12316753

Yaser, Y

1990-10-01

401

Urinary iodine levels of the term newborns in Kayseri province  

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Full Text Available Purpose: We studied the thyroid volumes and urinary iodine levels of 42 term newborns born in Kayseri.Material and Methods: Urinary iodine levels were measured on postnatal 5th day. The levels of triiodothyronine (T3, thyroxine (T4, thyrotropin (TSH and thyroglobulin (Tg were measured in the cord blood of newborns and in mothers' sera by RIA. The TSH levels of cord blood above 20 mU/L and levels of Tg above 54 ng/ml, and thyroid volumes of baby greater than 1.5 ml were accepted as pathological. Urinary iodine levels of newborns below 5 mg/dl were accepted as a criteria for iodine deficiency.Results: In 9.52 % of newborns, urinary iodine concentration was less than 5 mg/dl and in 16.7 % thyroid volume was greater than 1.5 mL. Cord TSH level greater than 20 mU/L was present in 11.9 % and cord Tg level greater than 54 ng/ml was present in 52.3 % of the newborns. In 2 of the 4 babies with iodine deficiency, thyroid volumes were high and 3 of them had high Tg levels. In 2 of the 7 babies who had high thyroid volumes, TSH levels were high, in 5 babies Tg levels were high, and in 2 urinary iodine levels were low. In 22 babies with high cord blood Tg levels, the thyroid volumes were high although this was not statistically significant. However, in these cases urine iodine levels were significantly low (p<0.05.Conclusion: This prospective study showed that in a significant number of newborns born in the Kayseri province, urinary iodine excretion was low and Tg levels and thyroid volumes were high. These data point to the need of an increased iodine supply in these pregnant women to reduce the potential consequences of low iodine intake.

Selim KURTO?LU

2002-06-01

402

Impacts of shoreline erosion on coastal ecosystems in Songkhla Province  

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Full Text Available Songkhla Province is located on the eastern coast of the southern Thai Peninsula, bordering the Gulf of Thailand for approximately 107 km. Most of the basin’s foreshores have been extensively developed for housing, tourism and shrimp farming. The beaches are under deteriorating impacts, often causing sediment transport which leads to an unnaturally high erosion rate. This natural phenomenon is considered to be a critical problem in the coastal areas affected by the hazard of coastal infrastructure and reduced beach esthetics for recreation. In this study, shoreline changes were compared between 1975 and 2006 using aerial photographs and Landsat imageries using Geographic Information System (GIS. The results revealed that 18.5 km2 of the coastal areas were altered during the period. Of this, 17.3 km2 suffered erosion and 1.2 km2were subjected to accretion. The most significant changes occurred between 1975-2006. Shoreline erosion was found at Ban Paktrae, Ranot District, with an average erosion rate of 5.3 m/year, while accretion occurred at Laem Samila, MuangSongkhla District with an average accretion rate of 2.04 m/year. The occurrences of shoreline erosion have contributed to the degradation of coastal soil and water quality, destruction of beach and mangrove forests, loss of human settlements and livelihood.These processes have led to deterioration of the quality of life of the residents. Prevention and mitigation measures to lessen economic and social impacts due to shoreline erosion are discussed.

Nipaporn Chusrinuan

2009-07-01

403

PLANTS OF JAHAN NAMA PROTECTED AREA, GOLESTAN PROVINCE, N. IRAN  

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Full Text Available Jahan Nama Protected Area is located in the eastern parts of Alborz Mountains, between 36º35? and 36º42? northern latitudes and 54º08? and 54º36? eastern longitudes, with an altitude ranging from 800 to 3100 m. The complicated topography and habitat heterogeneity, in addition to influencing the area by humid Caspian climate at the north and Mediterranean-like climate at the south have caused formation of diverse vegetation types including deciduous montane forests, cold-resistant Juniper woodlands, montane steppes, grasslands and meadows, cliff and riverine vegetation. Based on collection of about 1350 specimens during 1999, 2000 and 2004 to 2007, a total number of 607 vascular plant species were identified from this area belonging to 329 genera and 85 families. The Dicots with 469 species are the richest group of flora of the area followed by Monocots with 119 species, Gymnosperms with 6 species and Pteridophytes with 13 species. The largest families in the area are Poaceae (53 species, Labiatae (50 species and Brassicaceae (52 species, and the most diverse genera include Astragalus (16 species, Carex (11 species and Veronica (11 species. The floristic composition of the area is strongly influenced by large number of Euro-Siberian (boreal elements in the mesic parts and Irano-Turanian elements in the Juniper woodland and montane steppe parts of the area. The area inhabited by several endemic plants of the Hyrcanian and Kopetdagh-Khorassan floristic provinces in addition to local endemics of the eastern and Central Alborz like Ferula glaucopruinosa (Rech.f. Akhani comb. nov. and trees like Taxus baccata which is considered as a protected and threatened species in Iran.

H. AKHANI

2008-08-01

404

Investigation of environmental natural penetrating radiation level in Sichuan Province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The methods and results of investigation on natural penetrating radiation level in Sichuan Province are reported. 418 25 km x 25 km-grid measuring points were set up uniformly in the east of Sichuan and 98 50 km x 50 km-grid in the mount area of West Sichuan totally 516 grid points, with 355 densely measuring points of different types added. The results show that: (1) The area-weighted, population-weighted and point-weighted average value of natural ? radiation dose rate for field is 62.8, 62.5 and 64.6 nGy·h-1, respectively; (2) The point-weighted average value of natural ? radiation dose rate for road is 63.0 nGy·h-1; (3) The population-weighted and point-weighted average value of natural ? radiation dose rate inside buildings is 91.6 and 92.1 nGy·h-1, respectively; (4) The point-weighted and population-weighted average value of the dose rate inside buildings from cosmic ray is 33.5 and 31.2 nGy·h-1, and outside buildings is 39.6 and 33.5 nGy·h-1, respectively; (5)The point-weighted and population-weighted average value of natural penetrating radiation dose rate inside buildings is 122.5 and 117.9 nGy·h-1, outside buildings is 102.1 and 96.7 nGy·h-1, respectively; (6) The annual effective dose equivalent from cosmic ray, natural ? radiation and natural penetrating radiation is 0.26, 0.51 and 0.77 mSv, respectively; and correspondingly, the annual collective effective dose equivalllective effective dose equivalent is 2.59 x 104, 5.09 x 104 and 7.68 x 104 man·Sv, respectively

405

Energy drinks consumption in male construction workers, Chonburi province.  

Science.gov (United States)

This unmatched case-control study aimed to determine the relationship among caffeine drinks consumption known as "energy drinks consumption", drug dependence and related factors in male construction workers in Chonburi Province. It was conducted during December 15, 2001 and February 15, 2002. Data were collected using interview questionnaires. The logistic regression was used to control possible confounding factors. The subjects consisted of 186 cases who had consumed energy drinks for more than 3 months and 186 controls who had given up for more than 3 months. They were frequency/group matched by age group. There was statistically significant association among energy drinks consumption and overtime work, motivation from advertisements, positive attitude of energy drinks consumption, alcohol drinks, smoking and ex-taking Kratom behavior. Multivariate analyses revealed that only 5 factors were related to energy drinks consumption: marital status (OR = 1.88, 95%CI: 1.14, 3.11), overtime work (OR = 2.84, 95%CI: 1.73, 4.64), motivation from advertisements (OR = 2.72, 95%CI: 1.67, 4.42), positive attitude of energy drinks consumption (OR = 4.06, 95%CI: 1.65, 10.01) and ex-taking Kratom behavior (OR = 2.77, 95%CI: 1.19, 6.44). As a result, construction workers should be provided with the knowledge of energy drinks consumption, the effect of drug dependence behavior, and the advantages of safe and healthy food that is cheap, readily available, and rich in nutrients. PMID:15822540

Pichainarong, Natchaporn; Chaveepojnkamjorn, Wisit; Khobjit, Pattama; Veerachai, Viroj; Sujirarat, Dusit

2004-12-01

406

Discovery of the Sierra Pintada uranium district, Mendoza Province, Argentina  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Since 1956, uranium-bearing minerals have been known to exist in Sierra Pintada, Mendoza Province, Argentina. Based on paragenetic considerations, a first radiometric prospection was carried out, leading to the discovery of two groups of anomalies (Puesto Agua del Toro and Cuesta de los Terneros), such as vein-type deposits, with uraninite and 'yellow minerals' and one sandstone-type deposit (Puesto La Josefa), related to sediments with carbon trash. Some recent geological research and surveys in the area, and a reduced drilling programme carried out on selected anomalies, led to reinterpretation of the potential of the area. Furthermore, and as a result of an airborne radiometric prospection performed in mid-1968, numerous anomalies have been discovered. The main constellation of anomalies, along the flanks of the El Tigre Brachyanticline, occurs in sandstones of Permian age. Explored by 80 000 m of drilling, they have shown the existence of several peneconcordant lens-shaped ore bodies of economic size, with uranophane on the surface and prevailing uraninite and some brannerite, coffinite and davidite below the water table. Reserves exceed 20 000 tonnes of U3O8. A new regional programme with a 4-km drill-grid initiated in 1978 led to the discovery of new ore bodies which are at present being evaluated. The alternatives and discontinuities during the development of the district, the prospecting and exploration techniques employed, and the resultration techniques employed, and the results achieved in the different stages of the operation are discussed in detail. This case history attempts to illustrate the developing philosophy which was successfully applied in Sierra Pintada, with emphasis on the following points: (a) the need for adequate geological knowledge of the area; (b) the advantage of a massive survey (in this case, air survey); (c) the necessity for exploration (drilling) in order to define the anomalies and make their evaluation possible; and (d) the convenience of extending exploration when geology and control factors have been properly surveyed and recognized

407

Birth weight in Kohkilooyeh and Boyer Ahmad province, 1999  

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Full Text Available The newborn's weight at birth is an important measure for newborn's health in all communities. Among developed countries, 70 percent of low birth weight (LBW newborns are preterm. The corresponding figure for undeveloped countries is only 30 percent, there are also evidence of intra-uterine growth retardation among these countries. Among effective factors on LBW, maternal related factors have important role in promotion and improvement of infants and mother's health. This study is a descriptive-analytic one and was conducted cross-sectionally through a questionnair. The study population determined by simple random sampling from newborns under coverage of urban health centers in Kohgiloye and Boyerahmad province. Necessary data collected from existing medical and health records filed in the health centers. Among 285 newborns, 88.4 percent considered with normal weight, 4 percent with IBW and 11.6 percent with more than normal weight. 7.4 percent of cases were immature. 85.3 percent of the mothers in study population were in immune range of age for pregnancy and 7.6 percent of them were illiterate. Except the sex of newborn (P=0.0008 and gestational age at birth (P<0.001 none of the variables demonstrated a significant statistical relation with the birth weight. The results of this study confirm other research's findings and reveal that with improving material factors such as mother's age, employment and literacy, the factors which are effective on birth weight, will be dependent on physiological factors such as sex of newborn and gestational age at birth.

Goshtasbi Nasab A

2001-10-01

408

The prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis in Jeonbug Province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A photofluorographic mass survey of P-A chest had been done to the 13136 residents (male 6264, female 6872) in Jeonbug province, Korea for about 2 years from May 5, to Dec.19, 1978 and from Mar. 5, to Dec. 22, 1979. The results are as follows: 1. The prevalence rate of all active pulmonary tuberculosis is 5.3%. 2. The prevalence rate of male(8.8%) is 4.2 times higher than that of female (2.1%). 3. The prevalence rates of all old age groups above fifty years are higher than that of remainder under fifty years of age. Of these, 61-70 years old age group is highest in prevalence rate. 4. According to extent of active pulmonary tuberculosis, 77.5% is minimal, 15.4% is moderately advanced, and 7.1% is far advanced. Inactive pulmonary tuberculosis are 39 cases (0.3% to objective population). 5. In the incidence of the involved side, right side is about 2 times higher than the left, and involvement of both sides is increased in moderately and far advance pulmonary tuberculosis. In all pulmonary tuberculosis, one or both upper lung fields are most commonly involved. The incidences of cavity in moderately and far advanced pulmonary tuberculosis show no significant difference. 6. The incidences of other intrathoracic lesions are as follows: suspected hypertensive heart disease 2.4%, dextrocardia with situs inversus 0.04%, pleural calcification 0.4%, pleural thickening 0.2%, pleural effusion 0.1%, pneumonia 0.02%, bronchiectasis 0.1%, lung abscess 0.02%, C.O.P.D. 0.2%, suspectedng abscess 0.02%, C.O.P.D. 0.2%, suspected lung tumor 0.06%, pneumothorax 0.0076%, and suspected mediastinal tumor 0.02%

409

The petrogenesis of metamorphosed carbonatites in the Grenville Province, Ontario  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Veins and dikes of calcite-rich rocks within the Central Metasedimentary Belt boundary zone (CMBbz) in the Grenville Province of Ontario have been interpreted to be true carbonatites or to be pseudocarbonatites derived from interaction of pegmatite melts and regional Grenville marble. The putative carbonatites have been metamorphosed and consist mainly of calcite, biotite, and apatite with lesser amounts of clinopyroxene, magnetite, allanite, zircon, titanite, cerite, celestite, and barite. The rocks have high P and rare earth element (REE) contents, and calcite in carbonatite has elevated Sr, Fe, and Mn contents relative to Grenville Supergroup marble and marble melange. Values of ?18OSMOW (9.9 - 13.3o/oo) and ?13CPDB (-4.8 to -1.9o/oo) for calcite are also distinct from those for marble and most marble melange. Titanites extracted from clinopyroxene -calcite-scapolite skarns formed by metasomatic interaction of carbonatites and silicate lithologies yield U-Pb ages of 1085 to 1035 Ma. Zircon from one carbonatite body yields a U-Pb age of 1089 ± 5 Ma; zircon ages from two other bodies are 1170 ± 3 and 1143 ± 8 Ma, suggesting several carbonatite formation events or remobilization of carbonatite during deformation and metamorphism around 1080 Ma. Values of ?Nd(T) are 1.7 - 3.2 for carbonatites, -1.5 -1.0 for REE-rich granite dikes intruding the CMBbz, and 1.6 - 1.7 for marble. The mineralogy and geochemical dae. The mineralogy and geochemical data are consistent with derivation of the carbonatites from a depleted mantle source. Mixing calculations indicate that interaction of REE-rich pegmatites with regional marbles cannot reproduce selected major and minor element abundance, REE contents, and O and Nd isotope compositions of the carbonatites. (author)

410

The petrogenesis of metamorphosed carbonatites in the Grenville Province, Ontario  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Veins and dikes of calcite-rich rocks within the Central Metasedimentary Belt boundary zone (CMBbz) in the Grenville Province of Ontario have been interpreted to be true carbonatites or to be pseudocarbonatites derived from interaction of pegmatite melts and regional Grenville marble. The putative carbonatites have been metamorphosed and consist mainly of calcite, biotite, and apatite with lesser amounts of clinopyroxene, magnetite, allanite, zircon, titanite, cerite, celestite, and barite. The rocks have high P and rare earth element (REE) contents, and calcite in carbonatite has elevated Sr, Fe, and Mn contents relative to Grenville Supergroup marble and marble melange. Values of {delta}{sup 18}O{sub SMOW} (9.9 - 13.3o/oo) and {delta}{sup 13}C{sub PDB} (-4.8 to -1.9o/oo) for calcite are also distinct from those for marble and most marble melange. Titanites extracted from clinopyroxene -calcite-scapolite skarns formed by metasomatic interaction of carbonatites and silicate lithologies yield U-Pb ages of 1085 to 1035 Ma. Zircon from one carbonatite body yields a U-Pb age of 1089 {+-} 5 Ma; zircon ages from two other bodies are 1170 {+-} 3 and 1143 {+-} 8 Ma, suggesting several carbonatite formation events or remobilization of carbonatite during deformation and metamorphism around 1080 Ma. Values of {epsilon}{sub Nd}(T) are 1.7 - 3.2 for carbonatites, -1.5 -1.0 for REE-rich granite dikes intruding the CMBbz, and 1.6 - 1.7 for marble. The mineralogy and geochemical data are consistent with derivation of the carbonatites from a depleted mantle source. Mixing calculations indicate that interaction of REE-rich pegmatites with regional marbles cannot reproduce selected major and minor element abundance, REE contents, and O and Nd isotope compositions of the carbonatites. (author)

Moecher, D.P.; Anderson, E.D.; Cook, C.A. [Univ. of Kentucky, Dept. of Geological Sciences, Lexington, Kentucky (United States)]. E-mail: moker@pop.uky.edu; Mezger, K. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Chemie, Mainz (Germany)

1997-09-15

411

Understanding Sulfur Systematics in Large Igneous Provinces Using Sulfur Isotopes  

Science.gov (United States)

The eruption of the Siberian Traps coincided with perhaps the greatest environmental catastrophe in Earth's history, at the Permo-Triassic boundary. The source and magnitude of the volatile emissions, including sulfur, associated with the eruption remain poorly understood yet were critical in forcing environmental change. Two of the primary questions are how much sulfur gases were emitted during the eruptions and from where they were sourced. Primary melts carry dissolved sulfur from the mantle. Magmas ponding in sills and ascending through dykes may also assimilate sulfur from country rocks, as well as heat the country rocks and generate fluids through contact metamorphism. If the magmas interacted thermally, for prolonged periods, with sulfur-rich country rocks then it is probable that the sulfur budget of these eruptions might have been augmented considerably. This is exactly what we have shown recently for a basaltic sill emplaced in oil shale that fed eruptions of the British Tertiary Province, where surrounding sediments showed extensive desulfurization (Yallup et al. Geoch. Cosmochim. Acta, online, 2013). In the current study sulfur isotopes and trace element abundances are used to discriminate sulfur sources and to model magmatic processes for a suite of Siberian Traps sill and lava samples. Our bulk rock and pyrite geochemical analyses illustrate clearly their high abundance of 34S over 32S. The high 34S/32S has been noted previously and linked to assimilation of sulfur from sediments but may alternatively be inherited from the mantle plume source. With the aim of investigating the sulfur isotopic signature in the melt prior to devolatilization, we use secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), for which a specific set of glass standards was synthesised. In order to understand how sulfur isotopes fractionate during degassing we have also conducted a parallel study of well-characterized tephras from Kilauea Volcano, where sulfur degassing behavior is well known.

Novikova, S.; Edmonds, M.; Turchyn, A. V.; Maclennan, J.; Svensen, H.; Frost, D. J.; Yallup, C.

2013-12-01

412

The Temporal Evolution of the Northern Galápagos Volcanic Province  

Science.gov (United States)

The Northern Galápagos Volcanic Province (NGVP), located north of the Galápagos Archipelago and centered near the 90°50'W Galápagos Transform Fault (GTF) of the Galápagos Spreading Center (GSC), hosts a complex set of islands, seamount chains, and ridges. Magmatism in this region is thought to represent the interaction between the Galápagos hotspot, the overlying lithosphere, and the GSC. To better understand the evolution of the ridge-hotspot interaction, we present an integration of new with existing 40Ar/39Ar incremental heating age data from submarine lavas. The section of the NGVP on the Nazca Plate south and west of the GTF is dominated by three volcanic lineaments (the largest of which is the Wolf-Darwin Lineament or WDL), two east-west trending pseudofaults, and the islands of Pinta and Marchena. Eruption ages of lavas along the WDL range from recent (e.g., 0.1 Ma) to 2.3 × 0.4 (2 sigma) Ma with no discernible spatial pattern. Lavas recovered from the flanks of Pinta and Marchena vary from recent to 1.4 × 0.4 Ma. The more northern pseudofault is younger (3.4 × 0.3 Ma) than the ridge to the south (4.7 × 0.1 Ma); these observations are generally consistent with model ages for the crust near the volcanic lineaments. East of the GTF on the Cocos Plate, the dominant features are several linear ridges with up to 1km of relief and a few scattered seamounts. The age of recovered lavas range from 0.4 × 0.7 Ma to 3.4 × 0.5 Ma with no real spatial pattern, with the exception that the oldest seamount is located in the northeastern corner of the sampling area. These relatively young ages of compositionally enriched lavas indicate intraplate magmatism on the Cocos Plate provide insight into the distribution of plume material beneath the NGVP.

Sinton, C.; Mittelstaedt, E. L.; Harpp, K. S.

2013-12-01

413

[Vibrational spectra of Caesious nephrite from Qinghai Province].  

Science.gov (United States)

Qinghai caesious nephrite is discovered in the 1990s in the Golmud area of Qinghai Province. The conventional gemological testing methods, electron microprobe, infrared absorption spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy were used in this study to analyze the chemical composition and infrared spectra characteristics of the caesious nephrite, selected from the jade mine of Xiaozhaohuo river in Golmud area. The results show that, the gemological physical properties of the Qinghai caesious nephrite are similar to other origin nephrite. Electron microprobe analysis indicates that the MgO, CaO and SiO2 are the major and stable composition for the caesious nephrite. The content of MgO and CaO are 18. 572%-23.603% and 12.333%-12.807% respectively. Moreover, the content of SiO2 is 56.799%-59.926%. In addition, it also contains a higher content of FeOr(Wt%: 1.924%-8.699%) and an amount of Al2O3, TiO2 and Na2O. Infrared absorption and Raman spectra show that the Qinghai caesious nephrite has a characteristic spectral features of tremolite indicating it is mainly composed of tremolite. The different frequency of the infrared absorption bands is due to the difference of Mg--Fe2+ isomorphous substitutionand Fe2+ content of the caesious nephrite. Comprehensive analysis of chemical composition and vibrational spectroscopy indicate that the color of dark gray blue for the Qinghai nephrite is mainly related to its high content of FeOr, and the Fe is a main coloring element. PMID:25508705

Chen, Quan-li; Xu, Ya-lan; Ai, Su-jie; He, An-qi; Yin, Zuo-wei

2014-08-01

414

Mars Geological Province Designations for the Interpretation of GRS Data  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction: An overarching geologic theory, GEOMARS, coherently explains many otherwise anomalous aspects of the geological history of Mars. Premises for a theory of martian geologic evolution include: (1) Mars is a water-rich terrestrial planet, (2) terrestrial planets should evolve through progressive stages of dynamical history (accretion, differentiation, tectonism) and mantle convection (magma ocean, plate tectonism, stagnant lid), and (3) the early history of Earth affords an analogue to the evolution of Mars. The theory describes the following major stages of evolution for Mars (from oldest to youngest): Stage 1 - shortly after accretion, Mars differentiates to a liquid metallic core, a mantle boundary (MBL) of high-pressure silicate mineral phases, upper mantle, magma ocean, thin komatiic crust, and convecting steam atmosphere; Stage 2- Mars cools to condense its steam atmosphere and transform its mode of mantle convection to plate tectonism; subduction of waterrich oceanic crust initiates arc volcanism and transfers water, carbonates and sulfates to the mantle; Stage 3 - the core dynamo initiates, and the associated magnetosphere leads to conditions conducive to the development of near-surface life and photosynthetic production of oxygen; Stage 4 - accretion of thickened, continental crust and subduction of hydrated oceanic crust to the mantle boundary layer and lower mantle of Mars occurs; Stage 5 - the core dynamo stops during Noachian heavy bombardment while plate tectonism continues; Stage 6 - initiation of the Tharsis superplume (approx. between 4.0 and 3.8Ga) occurs, and Stage 7 - the superlume phase (stagnant-lid regime) of martian planetary evolution with episodic phases of volcanism and water outflows continues into the present. The GEOMARS Theory is testable through a multidisciplinary approach, including utilizing GRS-based information. Based on a synthesis of published geologic, paleohydrologic, topographic, geophysical, spectral, and elemental information, we have defined geologic provinces that represent significant windows into the geological evolution of Mars, unfolding the GEOMARS Theory and forming the basis for interpreting GRS data.

Dohm, J. M.; Kerry, K.; Baker, V. R.; Boynton, W.; Maruyama, Shige; Anderson, R. C.

2005-01-01

415

Current analysis of orcharding in the Isparta Province (Turkey  

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Full Text Available In this study, orcharding activity in the Isparta Province, Turkey, is analysed. Until a few years ago, the economy of Isparta was associated with hand carpet weaving, rose-growing and rose-oil extraction. However, over the last few years orcharding has attracted attention as the most important economic activity in Isparta. This is especially visible in the districts of E?irdir, Gelendost, Senirkent and Yalvac where many kinds of fruits, specifically apples and cherries, are grown for the market. Physical geography features of Isparta have an important potential for developing orcharding. Suitable climatic conditions, fertile soils and fresh water resources, both surface and underground, are distinctive elements of this potential. In addition, irrigation projects, modern agricultural techniques, quality and resistible fruit types, appropriate fertilisation, pruning and disinfecting are human activities effecting the development of orcharding. Moreover, establishing modern and high capacity cold stores nearby the areas where fruits are grown is regarded an important factor increasing the value of Isparta fruits on the national and international markets. Thus, developing commercial orcharding in Isparta is gaining importance as a profitable activity as well as an opportunity for rural population for employment in fruit picking, storing, packaging and transporting. The emphasis of this study is put on current development of orcharding, distribution of apple, cherry, grape and other fruits production, reasons for this distribution and problems associated with orcharding in Isparta. Besides formal data collection, the findings obtained during field studies in Bo?azova as well as on the Uluborlu-Senirkent and Gelendost Plains enable the authors to conclude that orcharding has become the most important rural activity in the region.

Sargin Sevil

2014-03-01

416

Natural radioactivity in the area of Nakhon Si Thammarat Province  

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Full Text Available This research work aims to study the specific activity of natural radioactivity in soil, rock, construction sand and shallow well water samples in the area of Nakhon Si Thammarat Province. Totally 161 samples were collected and analysed using gamma-ray spectrometry technique. The specific activities of Ra-226, Th-232 and K-40 in soil samples ranged from 8 to 203 (mean 96±18 Bq/kg, 12 to 236 (mean 88±23 Bq/kg and 21 to 1191 (mean 524±127 Bq/kg, in rock samples ranged from 11 to 113 (mean 46±14 Bq/kg, 3 to 113 (mean 47±16 Bq/kg and 18 to 1305 (mean 472±187 Bq/kg, in sand samples ranged from 3 to 91 (mean 42±5 Bq/kg, 14 to 91 (mean 50±5 Bq/kg and 102 to 966 (mean 509±57 Bq/kg, respectively. The radium equivalent activity of soil samples in 2 districts was found to be higher than 370 Bq/kg. The radiation hazard indices calculated for assessment of the radiation hazards arising due to the use of these rock and sand samples in the construction of dwellings were within the safety limits recommended by UNSCEAR. The mean estimated outdoor dose rates in soil and rock samples were 119±23 and 70±21 nGy/h, respectively. The mean estimated indoor dose rate in sand samples was 134±9 nGy/h. The specific activities of Ra-226 in well water samples ranged from 2 to 179 (Mean 17±7 mBq/l. Only one water sample from Muang District had the Ra-226 specific activity of 179 mBq/l, which was higher than the maximum contaminant level (111 mBq/l.

Nuanjing, P.

2007-07-01

417

Productivity Analysis of Eggs Production in Khorasan Razavi Province, Iran  

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Full Text Available Egg production is one of the most important agricultural economic activities in Iran. According to the latest information in Iran, there were about 1432 poultry eggs farms producing about 576478 tons of edible eggs in 2005. The poultry farmers, however, complained that the cost of production was very high and that failed to gain considerable profit from their farming operations. The consumers, on the other hand, protested that the poultry price was very high. The purpose of this study is to determine the productivity level of the industry so that a more sustainable and high productivity production system can be developed. Production function was used to measure productivity. A transcendental production function was estimated using cross-sectional data collected from 47 farmers in the Khorasan Razavi province. Secondary data from the Iranian Statistical Year Book (published by the Statistical Center of Iran were also used. The results of the study found that the cost-benefit ratio was 0.96. The Average Product (AP, Marginal Product (MP, Value Marginal Product (VMP, Optimal Allocation Ratio and the Elasticity of Production (EP of the feed input were 0.41, 0.16, 577 Rials, 0.48 and 41% respectively. The findings for similar measures above for pullet input were 18.38, 4.24, 14826 Rials, 1.23 and 0.23 respectively. From the study, the average productivity of the poultry farm was 1.04. This shows that the income approximately equals the variable cost. When the fixed costs were taken into consideration, the profit of the average farm was negative. The results indicated that farmers were using feed more than “the optimal level ” and that they were using pullet less than “the optimal level. ” Therefore, to improve profitability, they should use less feed and keep more pullets. In this manner, the cost of production can be reduced.

S.A. Mohaddes

2009-01-01

418

Evaluation of Crop Production Practices by Farmers in Tshakhuma, Tshiombo and Rabali Areas in Limpopo Province of South Africa  

OpenAIRE

Limpopo Province is characterised by high climatic variability. This is a serious problem in Limpopo Province considering the fact that the province is in a semi-arid area with low, unreliable rainfall. The rainfall distribution pattern, for example, in the Vhembe district is characterised by wet and dry periods depending on the geographical location. In the Vhembe district high rainfall is usually experienced in the Tshakhuma and Levubu areas. Most of the rainfall received in the Vhembe d...

Sylvester Mpandeli

2014-01-01

419

Quantitative Estimation of Biomass Energy and Evaluation of Biomass Utilization - A Case Study of Jilin Province, China  

OpenAIRE

Jilin Province, as a large agricultural province, has abundant reserve of biomass resources. At the same time Jilin Province is currently suffering from energy shortage. Besides, consumption of conventional fossil fuels has resulted in the exacerbation of global warming and air pollution. Biomass energy as a renewable and substitutive energy, can mitigate the energy crisis and global warming, and improve environmental quality once it is fully utilized. This paper estimated the supply potentia...

Junnian Song; Wei Yang; Helmut Yabar; Yoshiro Higano

2013-01-01

420

A Empirical Analysis on Performance Evaluation of the Tertiary Industry in Eastern Chinese Province Based on DEA  

OpenAIRE

This paper comprehensively evaluated the performance of the tertiary industry in eastern Chinese province, using Data envelopment Analysis and the statistical section data of tertiary industry status investigation. The result figures out the provinces which are DEA efficient and which are not, in eastern Chinese province at 2009. According the result and discussion, imbalanced regional development exists in eastern. So, the adjustment direction and range are given based on the DEA evaluation,...

Li, Chengju

2012-01-01

421

Population-based Seroprevalence of HTLV-I Infection in Golestan Province, South East of Caspian Sea, Iran  

OpenAIRE

Objective(s): Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type-1 is an oncornavirus that causes adult T cell leukemia (ATL) HTLV-I-associated myelopathy?tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). Golestan province is located in North West of Khorasan province known as an endemic area for HTLV-I in Iran. This study aimed to evaluate seroprevalence of HTLV-I in Golestan province.

Kalavi, Khodaberdi; Moradi, Abdolvahab; Tabarraei, Alijan

2013-01-01

422

Higher Education and the Labour Market in China:A case study of Three Univeristies in Shanxi Province  

OpenAIRE

Along with the transition of Chinese economy, the relationship between graduates and the labor market in China changes accordingly. This thesis is based on a case study in Shanxi province and the data come from three different types of universities in this province. The aim of the study is to trace the trajectories of graduates from higher education institutions to the labor market in Shanxi province so as to gain an understanding of the relationship between higher education and the labor mar...

Yang, Xing

2008-01-01

423

Selected conditions for the development of tourism in the sieradzkie province in the Years 1975-1998  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available On 1st June 1975 a new two-tier administrative division of the country was introduced creating 49 new provinces. One of the newly created provinces was sieradzkie. On the territory of the sieradzkie province the development of tourism was coordinated and supervised by the department for physical education and tourism (the name of the department during the period changed repeatedly. The main factors for the development of tourism in the sieradzkie province included: the amount of funding spent on tasks related to tourism, tourism infrastructure (accommodation and catering, qualified tourist staff, as well as activities in the field of information and promotion of tourism.

Arkadiusz P?omi?ski

2014-02-01

424

Fauna and Checklist of Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae of East Azerbaijan Province, Northwestern Iran  

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Full Text Available In order to study the mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae fauna of East Azerbaijan Province, some samplings were carried out by dipping method for the larvae and hand catch, night biting catch, total catch, and shelter pit collection as well as using window trap for the adults during June, July, and August 2004 plus July and August 2005. In total, 1305 adult mosquitoes and 603 larvae were collected. Seven genera and 15 species were identified in the prov¬ince including; Anopheles claviger, An. hyrcanus, An. maculipennis s.l., An. pseudopictus, An. sacharovi, An. superpictus, Aedes vexans, Coquillettidia richiardii, Cx. pipiens, Cx. theileri, Cx. tritaeniorhynchus, Culiseta longiareolata, Cs. subo¬chrea, Ochlerotatus caspius s.l., and Uranotaenia unguiculata. An. maculipennis complex, Cx. pipiens, and Cx. theileri were the most prevalent and widely dis¬tributed species. An. pseudopictus, Ae. vexans, and Cq. richiardii are reported for the first time in East Azerbaijan Province and a checklist for the mosquitoes of the province is also presented. Among the mosquitoes of the province, there are many potential vectors of human and domesticated animal pathogens that their ecology needs to be studied extensively.

MR Abai

2007-11-01

425

Sustainable Development of Agricultural Product Processing Industry in Jilin Province of China  

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Full Text Available Jilin is a big agricultural province in northeast China. Development of agricultural product processing industry and improvement of agro-food additional value play a vital role in improvement of living standard of farmer and increase of local government financial revenue. Therefore, agricultural product processing industry is regarded as the third pillar industry after automotive industry and petrochemical industry in Jilin Province, China. Considering the characteristics of agricultural product processing industry, such as water-consuming, over-dependent on water and agricultural products and so forth, its sustainable development seems more necessary than other industries. Sustainable development is not to limit development of agricultural product processing industry, but to further development. The investigation results demonstrated that development of agricultural product processing industry in Jilin Province is still at stage of extensive growth and the sustainable development faces big challenges. In this study, the factors that affect sustainable development of agricultural product processing industry in Jilin Province were discussed and the practicable strategies for sustainable development of agricultural product processing industry of Jilin Province were proposed.

Chuan Lian Song

2011-06-01

426

Natural and artificial radioactivity distribution in soil of Fars Province, Iran.  

Science.gov (United States)

Fars province is a large populated large province located in the southwest of Iran. This work presents a study of natural and radioactivity levels in soil samples of this province. For this purpose, 126 samples were gathered from different regions of the province and analysed by gamma spectroscopy to quantify radioactivity concentrations of radionuclides using a high-purity germanium detector and spectroscopy system. The results of this investigation show the average concentrations of 271 ± 28 Bq kg(-1), 6.37 ± 0.5 Bq kg(-1), 14.9 ± 0.9 Bq kg(-1) and 26.3 ± 1.9 Bq kg(-1) for (40)K, (137)Cs, (232)Th and (238)U in soil, respectively. Finally, baseline maps were established for the concentrations of each of the radionuclides in different regions. The absorbed dose rate and the annual effective dose (AED) were also calculated for the radionuclides according to the guidelines of UNSCEAR 2000. The average AED from the radioactivity content of soil in this province was found to be 39.9 ± 1.8 ?Sv. PMID:21081518

Faghihi, R; Mehdizadeh, S; Sina, S

2011-04-01

427

Pilot study on radiotherapy quality control and quality assurance in Zhejiang province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the methods of carrying out radiotherapy quality control (QC) and quality assurance (QA) in the whole province. Methods: From 1995, radiotherapy quality control center of Zhejiang province (the guiding team consists of specialists in radiation oncology of the province) has carried out a QC and QA program including evaluation of administration, departmental infrastructure, equipment, staff and treatment for 28 centers in the whole province. The regulation and scoring system were designed and first informed to every center, with the 28 centers checked and examined by the guiding team from 1999 to 2000. Results: Great variations in equipment and staff were observed among participating centers. Equipment condition was not very satisfactory. Most of the treatment protocols were reasonable except that the indication for radiotherapy was not strict enough in some centers. Conclusions: It is feasible for the radiotherapy quality control center to check and examine the department of radiation oncology in the whole province. Good QC and QA is invaluable to standardize the treatment protocol and ensure the radiotherapy quality and also helpful to carry out multi-center study in the future

428

U-series concentration in surface and ground water resources of Ardabil province.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hundred and sixteen water resources including springs, wells, rivers and lakes in Ardabil province, northwest of Iran, were sampled and analyzed. The analysis included chemical analyses, (222)Rn and (226)Ra levels as well as total Uranium contents. (222)Rn levels were determined only for hot springs. The concentrations of Radium and Uranium in all water resources of Ardabil province were determined by the collector chamber and fluorimetric methods, respectively. The Radium and Uranium concentrations ranged from 2.0 to 300 mBq L(-1) and from 1.4 to 280 ppb, respectively. Furthermore, the annual effective dose varied between 8 and 47 microS y(-1). The reason for variations of Radium and Uranium concentration is the diverse geological structures in Ardabil province. The aim of this study was to determine the level of natural radioactivity in all water resources of the Ardabil province and whether this radiation causes any danger to health. The hot springs were found to have high level of activities and some water resources in Meshkin-Shahr city had the highest activities among other cities in Ardabil province. PMID:18310614

Hadad, Kamal; Doulatdar, Reza

2008-01-01

429

[Emergy evaluation and dynamic measurement analysis of agro-ecosystems in Sichuan Province of Southwest China].  

Science.gov (United States)

Agro-ecosystem is the most basic system for human beings survival, while the analysis of the structure and function of the system is the key to solve the problems of agro-ecological environment. In this paper, emergy theory and related economic measurement methods including data envelopment analysis, cointegration test, and error correction model were applied to quantitatively analyze the operation dynamics, environmental loading, operation efficiency, and input-output relation of the agro-ecosystems in Sichuan Province and its 21 cities in 1997-2009. In the study period, Sichuan Province was in the transition period from traditional agriculture to modern agriculture. The agricultural mechanization level of the Province improved constantly, resources utilization efficiency enhanced continually, overall structural dominant degree was better, but the over-reliance on economic emergy input caused the sustainability of the system weakened gradually. The development status of the agro-ecosystems in the Province varied among regions. Chengdu Plain and Western Sichuan Highland were either in overexploited or in underutilized, while the hilly areas were full of vitality and development potential, tended to be the important areas for the future development of Sichuan agriculture. Generally, the operation efficiency of the agro-ecosystems in the Province was relatively low, with the situation differed in different regions due to the lower technical efficiency or improper scale. There was a long-term equilibrium between the economic emergy indices and output emergy, but the short-term emergy input didn't reach the ideal output. PMID:22720632

Zhang, Ying-Cong; Du, Shou-Hu

2012-03-01

430

Chemical zoning of muscovite megacrystal from the Brazilian Pegmatite Province  

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Full Text Available Macroscopically homogenous muscovite plate from the Cruzeiro pegmatite, located in the Eastern Pegmatite Province in Minas Gerais, may show complex distribution patterns of some trace elements. In geochronological and petrological studies, as for example in the distinction of magmatic and post-magmatic mica, the cause of zoning could be taken into consideration. The complex chemical zoning in the studied mica plate can be best explained by growth in an evolving magma followed by alteration due to percolation of hydrothermal fluids. Enrichment of Rb towards the border is interpreted as resulting from the chemical evolution of the residual magma during crystal growth. The depletion in (IV Al+VI Al as well as the increase in (Fe+Mg and Si along a fracture could be due to the hydrothermal celadonitic substitution of muscovite. This alteration also caused depletion in the contents of Rb, Ga, Y, Nb, Sn, and Zn and residual concentration of Ti. Elements such as Ga, Y, Nb, Sn, and Zn, rarely considered in the discussion of differentiation or alteration processes in micas, have been shown to be as significant as the alkali-elements.Um grande cristal de muscovita, macroscopicamente homogêneo, procedente do Pegmatito Cruzeiro, localizado na Província Pegmatítica Oriental, em Minas Gerais, exibe padrão de distribuição complexa para alguns elementos traços. Em estudos geocronológicos e petrológicos, como, por exemplo, na separação entre micas magmáticas e pós-magmáticas, a causa de zoneamento deve ser levada em consideração. O complexo zoneamento químico no cristal de mica estudado é melhor explicado pelo crescimento em um magma evoluído, seguido pela alteração, proveniente da percolação de fluidos hidrotermais. O enriquecimento de Rb nas bordas é interpretado como resultado da evolução química do magma residual durante o crescimento do cristal. A diminuição em (IV Al+VI Al, bem como o aumento de (Fe+Mg e Si ao longo da fratura é explicado pela substituição hidrotermal celadonítica da muscovita. A alteração hidrotermal causou, também, a diminuição nos conteúdos de Rb, Ga, Y, Nb, Sn e Zn ao longo desta fratura, além da concentração residual de Ti. Elementos tais como, Ga, Y, Nb, Sn, e Zn, pouco considerados em discussão de diferenciação ou processos de alteração, mostraram significância tanto quanto os elementos alcalinos.

Rúbia R. Viana

2007-09-01

431

Possible Volcanic Province in Western Promethei Terra, Mars  

Science.gov (United States)

The western Promethei Terra region (36-50°S, 90-106°E) studied is roughly ~700 km across. It occupies a unique area on the smoothened eastern Hellas basin rim, and consists of two parts: a gentler (~0.07°, eastward of ~97°E) and a steeper (~0.88°, W of ~97°E) regional slope. The Noachian cratered terrain surrounds the region in the NE, E, and S. The large canyons of Harmakhis, Reull and Teviot Valles cut through the central area and the smooth Hesperian plains [1-10] of the western and central areas display a set of features that does not occur elsewhere on the eastern side of the Hellas basin. The plains have multi-layered interiors as seen on the walls of the canyons that cut them. Similar stacks of sub- horizontal layers are seen in other Martian regions with exposed lava plain interiors, for example, in Lunae Planum and Syrtis Major. These are classic volcanic provinces the layered structure of which was formed by successive emplacement of sheet lava flows that followed the general topographic trend. The average visible thickness of the Promethei layers is ~70-80 m and the typical measured canyon wall slope is ~25-30o. This gives an estimate of the thickness of the layers, which is ~35-45 m. The full layer stack thickness, estimated from observations, is ~1.3 km. Consistent with the observed layering, there are narrow wrinkle ridges (WR) that deform the surface of the plains. WR mostly occur in the eastern portion of the area near Reull and Teviot Valles but some of them are seen near Harmakhis Vallis in the west. Additional long straight narrow ridges (widths Crown et al. (1992) Icarus 100, 1-25. [7] Price (1998) USGS I-2557. [8] Mest & Crown (2002) USGS I-2730. [9] Mest & Crown (2002) USGS I- 2763. [10] Leonard & Tanaka (2001) USGS I-2694. [11] Head et al. (2006) Geology 34, 285-288.

Raitala, J.; Ivanov, M.; Kostama, V.; Korteniemi, J.; Törmänen, T.; Neukum, G.

2007-12-01

432

Water and food security in China: virtual water trade associated with crop trade between Chinese provinces  

Science.gov (United States)

China's water resources are under increasing pressure from socio-economic development, diet shifts and climate change. Water availability presents a significant spatial heterogeneity in the country. We use a general equilibrium welfare model and a linear programming optimization to model inter-provincial crop trade in China. We combine these trade simulations with province-scale estimates of Virtual Water Content of these crops, from the H08 hydrological model to build the domestic virtual water trade network of China. We find that there is a wide heterogeneity in water-use efficiency among Chines provinces, with a few of the least water efficient provinces using disproportionately high amounts of irrigation water versus rainwater for crop production. We study the food trade patterns and the virtual water flows and savings associated with it.

Dalin, C.; Hanasaki, N.; Qiu, H.; Rodriguez-Iturbe, I.

2013-12-01

433

Ecosystems and lands of the Province of Cremona; Paesaggi e suoli della provincia di Cremona  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This work is part of the soil survey program of the Region Lombardy, leaded by ERSAL (the Regional Board for Agricultural Development) with the cooperation of several Provinces. In the case of the Province of Cremona the cooperation allowed the publication of this first approximation of a soil-landscape model at reconnaissance scale (1 : 100.000). The model is organized at three levels: pedolandscape systems, subsystems, units; the mapping units represent soil-landscape relationship surveyed within each pedolandscape unit. The soils are classified according to the Soil Taxonomy, at subgroup level. In the legend different Soil Associations are indicated for each mapping unit, and interpreted according to classes and subclasses of land capability classification. The colours of the map show the pedolandscape subsystems identified for the province of Cremona. In the Main level of the plain, the subsystem named LF is graphically subdivided using three different colours, in order to increase the geographic representation of the most important cropland.

Andreoli, L.; Bassi, G.; Brenna, S.; Cabrini, R.M.; Cremonini Bianchi, M.; Feraboli, M.D.; Ferrari, V.; Groppali, R.; Mariani, L.; Minelli, R.; and others

1997-09-01

434

Seroepidemiology of Neospora sp. in Horses in East-Azerbaijan Province of Iran  

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Full Text Available Neospora caninum an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite is recognized as a major cause of abortion in cattle while limited information is presently available on the seroprevalence of Neospora antibodies in horses worldwide. The aim of the present study was to determine serologic prevalence of Neospora infection in horses in East-Azerbaijan province of Iran. Sera from 100 horses from Tabriz city in East-Azerbaijan province, Northwest Iran were examined for antibodies to Neospora sp. using Neospora Modified direct Agglutination Test (N-MAT. Antibodies to this parasite were detected in 28 (28% of the examined serum samples. About 32% of the samples had titer of 1:40 while then reduced to 28% when 1:80 serum dilution was applied as significant cut off titer. This study is the first investigation carried out on the Neospora in horses in East-Azerbaijan province of Iran and indicates that horses in Iran are exposed to this parasite.

Garedaghi Yagoob

2012-01-01

435

Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones. Part IV. Kohgilouyeh & Boyer Ahmad Province.  

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Full Text Available According to previous surveys, only Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889, Orthochirus zagrosensis Kova?ík, 2004, and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861 have been recorded from Kohgilouyeh & Boyer Ahmad Province. Collections made by a team under Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran reveal eight other species belonging to two families recorded from the province for the first time: Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807; Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905; Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880; Hottentotta zagrosensis Kova?ík, 1997; Odontobuthus bidentatus Lourenço et Pézier, 2002; Orthochirus iranus Kova?ík, 2004; Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903; and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900. Also presented is a key to all species of scorpions found in the province.

Navidpour, S.

2008-09-01

436

Micromammals in the Northern Cape Province of South Africa, past and present  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english This paper provides a basis for conservation work by detailing the micromammalian taxa occurring in the Northern Cape Province. It presents new evidence from 30 barn owl pellet collections, augmented by previously published material from trapping or observation (here called 'conventional' reports) a [...] nd owl roosts, divided into pre-1930, 1930-1979 and 1980 and newer as an indication of continuity of occurrence. A historical perspective is added by the inclusion of material from two archaeological sites dating to the Pleistocene (before about 10 000 years ago) and || from the Holocene (after about 10 000 years ago). Northern Cape Province synonymies are provided as an aid to equating older records with modern taxonomy. In all, 77 currently recognized micromammalian species have been recorded from the province. These comprise five Afrosoricida (golden moles), six Macroscelidea (elephant shrews), eight Soricomorpha (forest shrews), 16 Chiroptera (bats), and 42 Rodentia (rodents).

D. Margaret, Avery; Graham, Avery.

437

Survey of aflatoxin M1 in raw milk in the five provinces of China.  

Science.gov (United States)

Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) is the only mycotoxin that has a legal limit in milk all over the world. In the present study, 360 raw milk samples were collected from Beijing, Hebei, Shanxi, Shanghai and Guangdong provinces in China in September 2010, and their AFM1 levels were determined by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). More than three-fourths (78.1%) of the 360 raw milk samples contained AFM1 at concentrations of 5-123 ng L?¹. AFM1 contents in all positive samples were far below the Chinese and US legal limit of 500 ng L?¹, but 10% of the raw milk samples exceeded the EU legal limit of 50 ng L?¹. Moreover, both incidence and content of AFM1 in milk collected from the southern provinces, including Shanghai and Guangdong, were higher than those collected from the northern provinces, including Beijing, Hebei and Shanxi. PMID:24779875

Zheng, Nan; Wang, Jia-Qi; Han, Rong-Wei; Zhen, Yun-Peng; Xu, Xiao-Min; Sun, Peng

2013-01-01

438

Decentralisation and convergence in health among the provinces of Spain (1980-2001).  

Science.gov (United States)

This study measures the process of convergence in the state of health among the provinces and regions of Spain during 1980-2001 in order to analyse the possible influence of the decentralisation of healthcare management to the regions in this period. Sigma and beta convergence models, traditionally employed in macroeconomics, have been used, taking Life Expectancy at Birth (LEB) and Infant Mortality (IM) as health indicators. The analysis was carried out at two territorial levels: provinces and regions. The results reveal that the process of decentralisation either does not affect convergence or leads to divergence in health. Indeed, in the case of IM the so-called change of role scenario seems to have occurred. Thus, certain provinces with initially poor indicators have improved, overtaking those that were originally in a better position. The final result, however, is of greater dispersion than initially. PMID:17161891

Montero-Granados, Roberto; Jiménez, Juan de Dios; Martín, José

2007-03-01

439

Trends of subtype variation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in Zhejiang Province, China.  

Science.gov (United States)

The epidemic characteristics of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in Zhejiang Province have not been systematically identified. This study presented a dynamic analysis of HIV-1 subtype variation in Zhejiang from 2004 to 2008, based on the surveillance of molecular epidemiology or drug resistance. CRF01_AE was the major strain (43.5 %) spreading across the province, second by B/B' (17.9 %), CRF07_BC (17.1 %), and CRF08_BC (13.7 %). The strains were mainly transmitted by heterosexual contact. Novel recombinant strains and vertical transmission were occasionally reported. Floating population from other provinces accounted for a significant number of HIV-1 cases in Zhejiang. These data may provide us rational intervention strategy for further control of HIV dissemination. PMID:25410050

Yao, Yaping; Xin, Ruolei; Yang, Jiezhe; Xu, Yun; Zhang, Jiafeng; Xia, Yan; Pan, Xiaohong; Guo, Zhihong; Song, Yanhui

2014-11-20

440

Efficiency Evaluation Between Port Logistics and Economic Growth by DEA: A Case Study of Zhejiang Province  

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Full Text Available This study shows that the development of modern logistics industry can promote the development of economy. Meanwhile, vigorously develop the port logistics is an important approach for Zhejiang province to seek new economic growth point. In this study, Grey correlation analysis was used to study the correlation between regional logistics and economic growth, concluded that there is a large degree of correlation between logistics industry and economic growth. Next, with the application of Data Envelopment Method, the efficiency between port logistics and economic growth of Zhejiang province was calculated, results showed that the overall influence efficiency is not satisfactory, coordination needs to be strengthened. Finally, logistics industry development countermeasures were put forward based on Marine economy perspective. The results can provide reference to Marine economic development of Zhejiang province.

Ying Huang

2014-01-01

441

The Creations and Research in the Regional Landscape Spirit of Heilongjiang Province  

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Full Text Available Heilongjiang Province is located in the northeastern border part of People's Republic of China. Compared with those coastal provinces, the inner land provinces are less developed economically or culturally. However, the discovery of Hongshan civilization, the brilliant civilization of Bohai Kingdom which was affiliated to the Tang Dynasty (618AD~907AD, the nomadic and agro-culture of the ethnic groups of Jurchens minority(the ancestry of Manchu minority, Manchu minority and Mongolian minority, and the Russian culture deposit, all of these above shows that Heilongjiang is not barren in cultural deposit at all. Instead, it still, to some extent, holds its “used-to-be” splendor. The seasonal changes there are distinct, which nurtured a piece of richly-endowed land that in return nourishes its unique natural characteristics and excellent people. All of these present a subject for the research in Chinese landscape painting.
Key words: Heilongjiang; Landscape spirit; Regional

Xuehui DU

2012-06-01

442

The contribution of renewable energy resources on the electrification and development at the Guantanamo Province  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Cuba's Guantanamo province is a leader in the application of renewable energy technologies. This paper discussed the socio-economic impact of renewable energy projects that are underway in the Guantanamo province to improve the standard of living in rural areas. More than 400 rural schools and 70 rural medical offices get their electricity from photovoltaic systems. Hydropower provides the energy needs to 3000 rural houses with 11,000 inhabitants. Other applications include remote community solar systems, improved woodstoves for community kitchens, solar cookers and solar dryers. This paper demonstrated how the high penetration of these renewable energy technologies has contributed to the sustainable development of the province. The lessons learned in energy management by the local governments and research institutions were also outlined. 1 tab.

Perez, S.; Angel, J. [CUBASOLAR, Guantanamo (Cuba); Moreno Figueredo, C. [Centro de Estudio de Tecnologias Energeticas Renovables (Cuba); Montesinos Larrosa, A. [Sociedad Cubana para la Promocion de las Energias Renovables (Cuba)

2008-07-01

443

Research on the Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment Inflows of Gansu Province China  

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Full Text Available Foreign Direct Investment has contributed significantly to Chinese economic development. Yet the geographic distribution of the FDI is quite uneven. Compared with the inward FDI in the eastern and mid regions of China, the western region has attracted less FDI. FDI is fuelling much of the rapid economic leap of the developed regions of China and the significant inequity grows further. There are many determinant factors to influence the FDI inflows. The essay takes Gansu province as an example, the author concludes that the core constraining factors of Gansu province in FDI attraction are, but not limited to, the economy development and openness degree, natural environment and the impact of industrial cluster, thus, the government of Gansu province should formulate corresponding measures to attract FDI inflows so as to produce optimal results and stimulate the economy growth.

Yuxia Hu

2013-04-01

444

Research on FDI Inflows and Economy Development of Jilin Province China  

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Full Text Available There is little doubt that the phase-in FDI is fuelling much of the rapid economic leap of China. Business leaders, government officials and academics are focusing considerable attention on the concept of the contribution of FDI inflows to the economic advancement in the host country China particularly in the realm of GDP furor. They are inclined to assume it as a matter of course that FDI injection in Jilin province is definitely one of the stimulating forces to its economy development. This article address this question through the lens of economics as to whether the FDI inflows to Jilin province is in complete compliance with its economic development on a sustainable basis, and whether such money injections further facilitate their impacts transfusing at best. The author synthesizes that FDI may have not crowded out domestic investment, but have been a complementary relationship with domestic investment, which has partly exerted positive powers on economic growth of Jilin province.

Lina Lian

2011-09-01

445

Analyzing Accidents Caused by Overturn of Vehicles (Case Study of Iran-Zanjan Province in 2010  

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Full Text Available Today, issue of accidents has turned into a great complication in Iran and it can be interpreted as silent killer which causes death of tens of human. Of the major and effective factors in occurrence of accidents are vehicle and road each playing role according to the available statistics. One of the major causes which cause serious injuries and cause death of the passengers of vehicles by 50% according to the available statistics is overturn of vehicle and all of the three factors mentioned above can play essential role in its emergence which is mostly caused by human. This paper studies causes of overturn based on the available statistics in 2010 relating to Zanjan Province, one of the provinces of northwest of Iran and suggested ways for reducing it in this province.

Seyed Mahdi Sajjadi

2014-03-01

446

A ten years (2000–2009 surveillance of resistant Enterobacteriaceae in Zhejiang Province, China  

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Full Text Available Objective: In Zhejiang Province, there are several highly developed cities near the coast and several relatively under-developed mountain areas. Analysis of the composition of bacteria isolated from patients as well as their antibiotic resistance profile from various areas of this province, and tracing of such data year-by-year, will help to delineate the bacterial resistance profile of these areas and to understand how the stage of socio-economical development impacts on the composition of clinical micro-flora and their resistance profile. Methods: In order to investigate variation in resistance rates and isolation rates of Enterobacteriaceae, from 2000 to 2009 in Zhejiang Province, China, Enterobacteriaceae isolated from 15 hospitals located in different regions of the province were surveyed. Results: The total numbers of the Enterobacteriaceae isolated increased more than 20-fold from 2000 to 2009. Among the Enterobacteriaceae, Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae were the dominant isolates. The percentage of E. coli and K. pneumoniae that produced detectable extended-spectrum ?-lactamases (ESBLs increased from 2000 to 2007, and then declined slightly in 2008 and 2009. The percentages of K. pneumoniae and E. coli that were resistant to ceftazidime increased sharply from 2000 to 2009. There were remarkable increases in the carbapenem resistant rates during the decade, but they were much higher for the isolates from the developed cities than from the rural areas. In 2002, carbapenem-resistant E. coli was first found in Hangzhou, one of the highly developed cities in Zhejiang Province. By 2009, carbapenem-resistant bacteria were found for all species of Enterobacteriaceae surveyed in almost all areas of the province, although they were more frequently identified in developed areas than in rural areas. Conclusion: Much restrictive actions have to be taken in terms of rational use of antibiotics and nosocomial control to prevent the further spread of the drug-resistant pathogens.

Rong Zhang

2012-03-01

447

The development and practices of Strategic Environmental Assessment in Shandong Province, China  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA), a newly-developed decision-making support tool, has been used in many developed and developing countries for predicting and evaluating potential environmental impact of policies, plans, and programs (PPPs), as well as for providing alternatives to avoid, mitigate, or compensate for these impacts. Unfortunately, due to the complexity and flexibility of SEA, to date there has been no consensus on a system which could be suitable for the contexts of different regions or countries. Different requirements and practices are observed in the different typical stages of SEA. Controversial areas include the appropriate indicators to apply in the early baseline setting stage, suitable methodologies for the impact assessment, and appropriate procedures for the SEA process. Given this, it is important to review and refine the SEA system specific to the context but informed by internationally agreed norms. As an illustration, this study reviews and proposes steps to refine the SEA system in Shandong Province, an economically powerful province of China, aiming to achieve sustainable development. Supported by the Environmental Impact Assessment Law of the People's Republic of China, Shandong Province employed SEA to reform the traditionally economy-oriented decision-making and incorporate consideration of environmental consequences into government deliberation on proposed PPPs. This paper illustrates the developmental process, procedures, andthe developmental process, procedures, and legal support for SEA in Shandong Province. By analyzing five SEA cases carried out by Shandong Province Environment Protection Bureau (SEPB) and Shandong University, problems in the SEA system were identified, and recommendations were made for improving the SEA system not only in Shandong Province but also other similar regions or countries.

448

Quantification and use of forest biomass residues in Maputo province, Mozambique  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This article describes a study on the quantification and use of forest biomass residues in Maputo province, in Mozambique. The study was performed based on information from the thematic cartography of soils of Maputo province, provided by the National Direction of Forest and Land of Mozambique, and data for the forest growth rates available in the literature. It was estimated that the total production of forest biomass residues in Maputo province is 1,233,412 ton/year, with a corresponding energy potential of 17,267,771 GJ/year. As a way of making the forest biomass residues profitable, the present work proposes the use of part of the residues as fuel in new power plants to be build in Maputo province. In this part of the study aiming at implanting power plants in Maputo province, it was taken into account the risk of forest fires, number of existing consumers of forest residues, residues availability, protected fores