WorldWideScience

Sample records for jeonbuk province 1979-1980

  1. 2008 Program for Invitation of Foreign Research Institutes to Jeonbuk Province and Enhancement of Technology Transfer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This project was carried out to establish long-term tactical partnership with foreign research institutions for technology exchanges and facilities, and to develop cooperation projects for the core technology. Technical bases for inviting foreign R and D centers to Jeonbuk province has been established through consulting discussion and signing arrangement on cooperation between ARTI and the partner institute. Discussion in-depth on an R and D center of Russian IBMP in Jeonbuk has been made and an agendum for the R and D center was submitted to the 13th Korea-Russian Federation Joint Committee on Nuclear Cooperation. Based on consensus that technology exchange and enhanced collaboration would be reciprocally beneficial, the second ARTI-TARRI joint seminar is scheduled at Jeongeup in September 2009, when further discussion will be made on the subsidiary arrangement to KAERI-JAEA MOU. An consultant meeting was done in order to strengthen international cooperation and to get advice on attracting foreign R and D centers at the Provincial Office in May 2009. A fact finding visit to iThemba LABS in south Africa was made to conclude a Letter of Understanding (LOU) for cooperation in R and D of radioisotopes and radiopharmaceuticals. The established collaborative relationship with world-leading research institutes such as IBMP, TARRI and iThemba LABS can make a role for inviting in the near future foreign R and D centers to Jeonbuk Province, and surely give a tactical influence on radiation industries in the Jeonbuk Province

  2. Progress report 1979 - 1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experimental and theoretical results are reported obtained by staff of the IPP-Prague in the years 1979-1980 concerning high-frequency heating of plasma in tokamaks, interaction of relativistic electron beams with a plasma, and applied plasma physics. Preliminary experiments on additional hf heating in a small TM-1-MH tokamak and the new data acquisition and processing system Andromeda are described in Chapter 2. In Chapter 3 the specifications of the high-power electron accelerator REBEX 2 and some of the applied diagnostic systems (X-ray detectors and equipment for the Thomson scattering of laser light) are described in detail. Work in applied plasma physics is concentrated to thin film formation and plasma chemistry (Chpt.4). In theoretical papers in the last chapter several interesting questions of high-frequency plasma heating and beam plasma interaction are discussed (e.g., particle transport in hf-heated plasma, reflexing electron beam phenomena, particle trapping). (;.U.)

  3. Microbial examination of nonheated foods served in feeding programs of elementary schools, Iksan City, Jeonbuk Province, Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryu, Jee-Hoon; Ko, Jinyoung; Park, Hyoseok; Yang, Soonwook; Kim, Hoikyung

    2011-09-01

    More than 90% of elementary school students in Korea have lunch provided by a school feeding program. This study examined nonheated foods, foods in which final ingredients were added after cooking ("heated/nonheated foods"), and desserts for microbial contamination levels and the presence of foodborne pathogens. We obtained a total of 77 food samples belonging to the above three groups from four elementary schools located in Iksan, Jeonbuk, Korea, from June to July 2010. Among the samples, 15% of nonheated foods and 9% of heated/nonheated foods contained > 6 log CFU of aerobic bacteria per g. Unacceptable coliform counts according to Korean national standards (3 log CFU/g) were also observed in 30, 4.5, and 26% of nonheated foods, heated/nonheated foods, and desserts, respectively. The foodborne pathogens Escherichia coli O157:H7, Bacillus cereus, and Cronobacter sakazakii were found in two, one, and two of the total samples, respectively. Detection of E. coli O157:H7 indicates a low level of safety in the school lunches served in Korean elementary schools. To improve food safety, hazard analysis critical control point guidelines should be applied to school food service establishments to lower the microbial risks in foods served to children. PMID:21902929

  4. Biology and medicine division annual report, 1979-1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Progress for 1979-1980 is reported from the following research groups and/or areas: research medicine; Donner Pavilion; Peralta Cancer Research Institute; environmental physiology; radiation biophysics and structural biophysics. Abstracts have been prepared for the 61 separate research programs described in this report for inclusion in the Energy Data Base

  5. Recession of Martian north polar cap - 1979-1980 Viking observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, P. B.

    1982-01-01

    The polar regression curve for the Martian northern polar cap, derived from Viking observations for the 1979-1980 regression, is discussed, and comparisons with previous regression curves are made. Differences in the curves may be due to dust storms affecting the deposition of the cap. It is not possible to unambiguously ascribe differences between the curves to dynamical effects, since detailed information on the longitudinal dependence, which was an uncontrolled variable, is not available.

  6. Underground natural gas storage in the United States 1979 - 1980 heating year

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-09-01

    Total gas in storage in the nation's active underground natural gas storage reservoirs as of March 31, 1980, the end of the 1979-1980 heating year, was reported at 5,129 billion cubic feet. Of this total, approximately 69.1 percent was base, or cushion, gas and 30.9 percent was working gas. Working gas totaled 1,586 billion cubic feet, approximately 28.2 percent above that available at the beginning of the heating year. The nation's 383 active storage reservoirs were operated by 77 companies. Total reservoir capacity was reported at 7,287 billion cubic feet, approximately 51.4 percent, or 3,744 billion cubic feet of which was working gas capacity. Approximately 67.9 percent of this working gas capacity was in 228 reservoirs operated by 30 interstate pipeline companies, 29.1 percent was in 142 reservoirs operated by 42 intrastate companies, and 3.1 percent was in 13 reservoirs operated by 5 independent producers.

  7. Annual report 1979/1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The annual report concentrates result of investigations in the field of the production of radioisotopes, the synthesis of radioactive compounds and their characterization. Main topics are the production of 99Mo and the application of radioactive compounds in nuclear medicine especially as radiopharmaceuticals. A list of publications and lectures is enclosed. (author)

  8. Innovation in Australian technology 1979-1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Innovations arising from Australian research and development are reported. Two categories of submission are defined: those which are in production or use and those which have reached prototype design or pilot plant stage and appear to be of value. Innovations in the field of nuclear science are: a radon analyser, uranium tails management, technetium-99m generator, enrichment of uranium by gas ultracentrifuge, programmable radiometric assay monitor, a borehole core analyser, intrinsic germanium detector for uranium borehole logging, underground operations at a uranium mine, neutron moisture meter and apparatus for the determination of deuterium in water at natural levels. Names to whom requests for further information should be addressed are included

  9. Reports of planetary geology program, 1979 - 1980. [bibliographies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wirth, P.; Greeley, R.; Dalli, R.

    1980-01-01

    Abstracts of 145 reports are compiled addressing the morphology, geochemistry, and stratigraphy of planetary surfaces with some specific examinations of volcanic, aeolian, fluvial, and periglacial processes and landforms. In addition, reports on cartography and remote sensing of planet surfaces are included.

  10. Trace elements in oil shale. Progress report, 1979-1980

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chappell, W R

    1980-01-01

    The purpose of this research program is to understand the potential impact of an oil shale industry on environmental levels of trace contaminants in the region. The program involves a comprehensive study of the sources, release mechanisms, transport, fate, and effects of toxic trace chemicals, principally the trace elements, in an oil shale industry. The overall objective of the program is to evaluate the environmental and health consequences of the release of toxic trace elements by shale and oil production and use. The baseline geochemical survey shows that stable trace elements maps can be constructed for numerous elements and that the trends observed are related to geologic and climatic factors. Shale retorted by above-ground processes tends to be very homogeneous (both in space and in time) in trace element content. Leachate studies show that significant amounts of B, F, and Mo are released from retorted shales and while B and Mo are rapidly flushed out, F is not. On the other hand, As, Se, and most other trace elements are not present in significant quantities. Significant amounts of F and B are also found in leachates of raw shales. Very large concentrations of reduced sulfur species are found in leachates of processed shale. Very high levels of B and Mo are taken up in some plants growing on processed shale with and without soil cover. There is a tendency for some trace elements to associate with specific organic fractions, indicating that organic chelation or complexation may play an important role. Many of the so-called standard methods for analyzing trace elements in oil shale-related materials are inadequate. A sampling manual is being written for the environmental scientist and practicing engineer. A new combination of methods is developed for separating the minerals in oil shale into different density fractions. Microbial investigations have tentatively identified the existence of thiobacilli in oil shale materials such as leachates. (DC)

  11. Resuspension of particulate material from grass. Experimental programme 1979 - 1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Further wind tunnel experiments on resuspension are presented. In one, the effect of natural weathering was investigated. The grass was exposed to natural wind and rain between measurement periods. Results showed that natural weathering reduced the concentration of the tungstic oxide (WO3) tracer found in the air in subsequent resuspension measurements at least as rapidly as exposure to high winds alone. Another experiment showed that 60% of the WO3 resuspended from a small contaminated area deposited again within 4 m. Finally, resuspension from grass of 2 ?m and 5 ?m iron oxide particles and of ferric chloride applied in solution are reported and compared with tungstic oxide and silt. After the first few hours, the resuspension rate increased in the order: submicron WO3 powder, silt, ferric chloride, 2 ?m particles, 5 ?m particles, with a ratio of about a hundred between the highest and lowest. The problem of extrapolating from small-scale experiments to contamination on a larger scale is discussed. Resuspension factors for grassland in N W Europe appear to be comparable with those observed in more arid conditions in the USA, but resuspension formulae previously proposed by American workers are probably conservative by about an order of magnitude if applied in Europe. (author)

  12. Medical and Health Sciences Division research report, 1979-1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Medical and Health Sciences Division conducts research programs relevant to neoplastic, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, and cardiovascular diseases. Basic biological science, nuclear medicine, and epidemiology provide an integrated approach to solving biomedical problems directly related to occupational medicine and environmental health effects. The central theme of this research is focused on both the mechanisms and risk assessments of diseases caused by accidental exposure to chemical toxicants derived from fossil and synthetic fuels or to radiation. A major reorganizational change made this past year restructured the division into two branches. The environmental and health sciences branch contains a cancer and pulmonary research section, an interdisciplinary task group section, a cardiovascular research section, and a research support section. The radiation and nuclear medicine branch consists of a radiation and nuclear medicine section and an occupational epidemiology section. In addition, special task groups have been created to provide an interdisciplinary team approach in certain research efforts. Information included in this booklet summarizes research results and related activities for the period from October 1, 1979, to September 30, 1980

  13. Objective global ocean biogeographic provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliver, Matthew J.; Irwin, Andrew J.

    2008-08-01

    Biogeographic provinces are categories used for comparing and contrasting biogeochemical processes and biodiversity between ocean regions. Provinces provide a framework for reasonable extrapolation of point or transect data to broader areas. However, their use is limited due to the non-automatic, subjective nature of province classification. Furthermore, it is unknown how province boundaries respond to seasonal and climate forcing. These issues make province related hypotheses difficult to test with static provinces. To solve this problem, we use objective classification on global remote sensing data to automatically produce time and space resolved ocean provinces. Seasonal patterns in province geography reflect well-known ocean processes. Our predictions of province boundaries are verified by in-situ ship track data and province distributions in the equatorial Pacific correlate well with ENSO indexes. This objective classification system captures spatial and temporal province dynamics and provides objective categories for cross-province biogeochemical hypotheses to be rigorously tested.

  14. Recognition of uranium provinces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This publication contains 17 papers that provide coverage of the current state of knowledge on the topic of recognition of uranium provinces. The papers are grouped according to three principal areas of interest: The general nature of uranium provinces and their formation; the characteristics of known uranium provinces; and implications for resource evaluation and exploration. The panel discussions of the technical committee meeting in London 18-20 September 1985, where the above papers were presented are also included and cover the three main areas mentioned above. Refs, figs and tabs

  15. Jiayuguan of Gansu Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong-Sheng Hu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the study, three different solar power generating systems (including solar thermal and PV are analyzed, according to same climate data in Jiayuguan, Gansu province. Solar parabolic trough and tower thermal power systems are selected as typical thermal system. Parabolic trough system and polycrystalline silicon cell are maturity and popularized in the world and tower system is developed to commercial stage in recent year. Then calculated and analyzed the generating capacity and economic characters of three power systems. The results can be used to support technology choice, operation and design optimization.

  16. Solar PV Industry in Jiangsu Province [China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jiangsu Province is a leading province in China both in terms of Solar PV application as well as its implementation. The Netherlands Business Support Office in Nanjing reports on the photovoltaic solar cell industry in Jiangsu Province with details on opportunities for foreign investors; applications of solar energy in the province; Chinese government; relevant organizations; and key Chinese players in this sector.

  17. Studies in iodine metabolism. Progress report and publications, 1979-1980

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Middlesworth, L

    1980-01-01

    Research programs for the years 1978-1980 is reported. The following subject areas are discussed: (1) iodine 131 monitoring in thyroids of sheep, cattle and humans; (2) radium monitoring in cattle thyroids; (3) the relationship of thyroid function to seizures in rats; (4) the effect of KSCN on thyroglobulin in mice; and (5) studies on excessive iodide intake. (ACR)

  18. Progress report on research program in elementary particle theory, 1979-1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A qualitative description is given of research in the following areas: particle physics in relativistic astrophysics and cosmology; phenomenology of weak and electromagnetic interactions; strong interaction physics and quark-parton physics; quantum mechanics, quantum field theory, and fundamental problems; and groups, gauges, and grand unified theories. Reports on this work have already been published, or will be, when it is completed

  19. Environment Health & Safety Research Program. Organization and 1979-1980 Publications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    1981-01-01

    This document was prepared to assist readers in understanding the organization of Pacific Northwest Laboratory, and the organization and functions of the Environment, Health and Safety Research Program Office. Telephone numbers of the principal management staff are provided. Also included is a list of 1979 and 1980 publications reporting on work performed in the Environment, Health and Safety Research Program, as well as a list of papers submitted for publication.

  20. Study on radioactive contamination of the Baltic Sea in 1979-1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of joint investigation of radioactivity in the Baltic Sea, provided by the Institute of Radiation Protection (Helsinki, Finland) and the Khlopin Radium Institute (Leningrad, USSR) in 1979 and 1980 are reported. The comparison of results of intercalibration of the methods for determination of 90Sr and 137Cs in water samples showed that the difference was about 30%. A good agreement was found on the stage of preparations activity measurements. An essential difference of concentrations of 90Sr and 137Cs in water of the Baltic Sea proper and its gulfs between 1979 and 1980 was not revealed. The penetration of sup(134, 137)Cs from the North Sea to the south-western part of the Baltic Sea was detected by the Institute of Experimental Meteorology (USSR) in 1980. The data on concentrations of 90Sr and 137Cs in fifteen rivers falling into the Baltic Sea from Finland and USSR were summarized. The concentrations of 90Sr, 137Cs and sup(239, 240)Pu in bottom sediments in some regions of the Baltic Sea were estimated. The data on 3H and sup(239, 240)Pu concentrations in the Baltic Sea waters in the vicinity of Loviisa and Olkiluoto nuclear power stations were reported

  1. Production of sugarcane and tropical grasses as renewable energy source. Third annual report, 1979-1980

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-01-01

    Research continued on tropical grasses from Saccharum and related genera as sources of intensively-propagated fiber and fermentable solids. Candidate screening for short-rotation grasses was expanded to include six sorghum x Sudan grass hybrids developed by the Dekalb Company. Sugacane and napier grass yield trends in year 3 include: (1) Increased yields with delay of harvest frequency; (2) lack of response to close spacing; (3) a superiority of napier grass over sugarcane when harvested at intervals of six months or less; and (4) a general superiority of the sugarcane variety NCo 310 over varieties PR 980 and PR 64-1791. Delayed tasseling of a wild, early-flowering S. spontaneum hybrid enabled three crosses to be made in December using commercial hybrids as female parents. Approximately 1000 seedlings were produced. The first field-scale minimum tillage experiment was completed. Sordan 77 produced 2.23 OD tons/acre/10 weeks, with winter growing conditions and a total moisture input of 4.75 inches. Mechanization trials included successful planting of napier grass with a sugarcane planter, and the mowing, solar-drying, and round--baling of napier grass aged three to six months. Production-cost and energy-balance studies were initiated during year 3 using first-ratoon data for intensively propagated sugarcane. Preliminary cost estimates for energy cane (sugarcane managed for total biomass rather than sucrose) were in the order of $25.46/OD ton, or about $1.70/mm Btus.

  2. Levels of strontium 90 in the environment at PINSTECH (Period 1979-1980)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Strontium 90, a most toxic among the beta emitting radionuclides, is found in the environment originating mostly from the global fallout from nuclear tests. Radioactive concentration of this radionuclide was measured in air-borne particulates, precipitation, surface water, seasonal vegetables and other items of diet. The report describes a radiochemical procedure for the separation of Y 90 by solvent extraction leading to the determination of Sr 90 content in the environmental and biological samples. The report also presents data on the concentration of Sr 90 in the biomedia at PINSTECH during 1979-80. The values of these concentrations are fairly comparable to those published in the current literature. (author)

  3. Pangasinan (A PPO pilot province.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorenzo, P

    1978-01-01

    the Province of Pangasinan was among the first 7 provinces selected in 1975 by the Commission on Population for the establishment of a Provincial Population Office (PPO) on a pilot basis. In 1977, a further decline in the birthrate of 30/1000 to 20/1000 was noted following intensified family planning efforts. The reduction in birth rate has been attributed to more diligent clinic services, intensified information and education campaign, and proliferation of Barangay Service Points for community services. Barangay Service Points serve as information/motivation and contact points as well as referral and supply/resupply points. About 64 full-time outreach workers and 16 district population officers have already been fielded practically in all the 45 municipalities of the province. In 1977, the PPO indicated in its year-end report that continuing users of various family planning methods number 46,215 throughout the province. Towards the end of 1977, a total of 59 sterilization cases were reported and recorded, with 58 tubal ligation and vasectomy operations held at the Pangasinan General Hospital and at the Luzon Medical Center. Currently, the total number of continuing users represents 29.10% of the total eligible population or the married couples of reproductive age in the province. 53% are oral contraceptive (OC) users. 30% of the acceptors use condom, 8% use the rhythm method, and 6.48% use IUDs. PMID:12309116

  4. Geology of Singhbhum uranium province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Singhbhum uranium province comprises of the first two tectono-stratigraphic units - the Singhbhum craton with its supra-crustals and the adjoining northern mobile belt of north Singhbhum, separated by the deep-seated crustal furrow, now represented as the shear zone - a zone of intense deformation, basic volcanism and hydrothermal mineralisation

  5. Neotectonics in the maritime provinces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seismic risk assessment in the Maritime Provinces requires input from not just historical, but also geological sources. A detailed search through published and unpublished geological literature reveals many examples - some probable, some possible -of neotectonic movement in the area. Examples range in tectonic significance from those that reflect exaggerated local imbalance to those that signify deep-seated stress. Evidence for neotectonism in the Maritimes is multidisciplined. It includes deformation in bedrock and quaternary deposits, and regional warping. Recent movement also is indicated by changes in relative sea level, in situ stress fields and geodetic fluctuations. Finally, and most unequivocally, neotectonism in the Maritime Provinces is manifested as the seismic events that have sporadically affected the area throughout its recent geological history, and continue up to the present day. 288 refs

  6. South West Province Eye Care Programme, Cameroon

    OpenAIRE

    Joseph Enyegue Oye

    2005-01-01

    Situation analysis The South West Province of Cameroon is one of two English speaking provinces, much of which is situated in the equatorial rainforest. Most of the estimated 1.2 million inhabitants live in rural areas. The main occupation is agriculture for subsistence and employment in agro-industrial estates.

  7. South West Province Eye Care Programme, Cameroon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Enyegue Oye

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Situation analysis The South West Province of Cameroon is one of two English speaking provinces, much of which is situated in the equatorial rainforest. Most of the estimated 1.2 million inhabitants live in rural areas. The main occupation is agriculture for subsistence and employment in agro-industrial estates.

  8. Major uranium provinces: Yilgarn block and Gascoyne Province, Western Australia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Archaean Yilgarn Block and the adjacent Proterozoic Gascoyne Province, Western Australia, form the basement and source rocks for numerous occurrences of surficial uranium mineralization, the largest being the Yeelirrie deposit (35 million tonnes at 0.15% U3O8). The mineralization, almost exclusively in the form of carnotite, has been deposited in the regolith and appears to be less than 1 Ma old, with some deposits still forming. The nature and distribution of the mineralization are controlled by basement and surface geology, geomorphology, hydrology and climate, being restricted to deeply weathered, semi-arid terrain with granitoid source rocks. A few small occurrences in the Gascoyne Province may be pedogenic in origin but the majority, in the north of Yilgarn Block, occur in unrejuvenated palaeodrainage channels now choked by colluvial, alluvial and chemical sediments. These sediments, which are aquifers for the present, predominantly sub-surface, drainage, can exceed 10-15 m. Uranium released from the weathering granitoids has been transported in groundwaters in uranyl carbonate complexes and precipitated as carnotite where, (i) concentrations of uranium and potassium have been elevated by evaporation and, (ii) dissolved vanadium has been oxidized to the 5-valent state. Precipitation is in calcretes and associated sediments in the drainage axes, in 'chemical deltas' where the drainages enter playas and in the playas themselves. This styles and in the playas themselves. This style of mineralization was first recognized in 1969-1970 as the result of investigations into the source of radiometric anomalies delineated by airborne surveys. The majority of discoveries have similarly been by radiometric surveys but hydrogeochemical surveys have promise and may become important in future search for blind mineralization and/or young deposits not in radioactive equilibrium. (author). 61 refs, 6 figs

  9. A Positive and Comparative Research on Enterprise Competitiveness between Hubei Province and Coastal Provinces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanyan Wang

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available According to the three index dimensions which include index value of enterprise scope competitiveness, enterprise management competitiveness and enterprise innovation competitiveness, this article proceeds the comparison and analysis the index mean-values of enterprise competitiveness between in Hubei Province and 31 provinces and cities of China and six coastal provinces in 2005. The result shows that in 2005, the index value of enterprise competitiveness in Hubei Province was ranked No.15 in the whole country, scale competitiveness was ranked No.12, management competitiveness was ranked No.20, innovation competitiveness was ranked No.13, comparing with coastal provinces, scale competitiveness and innovation competitiveness only were 26% of latter average values, management competitiveness was 95% of latter mean value. Enterprise competitiveness in Hubei had a wide gap comparing with coastal provinces, so it need promote such as management competitiveness in Hubei Province.

  10. Aves, province of Guizhou, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen, G.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available We report our inventories of birds observed and collected at three field sites from the province of Guizhou,southeastern China. Our findings detailed herein complement our previous ornithological surveys from Guangxiprovince, as part of a comprehensive biotic survey of the region. Of 153 total bird species recorded, 17 were new for theprovince, among which several taxa of conservational importance, such as: Golden Pheasant Crysolophus pictus,Tawny Fish-Owl Ketupa flavipes, Black-breasted Thrush Turdus dissimilis, Fujian Flycatcher Niltava davidii, RedtailedLaughingthrush Garrulax milnei, and Slaty Bunting Latoucheornis siemsseni. These records provide the mostrecent insight into the current status of the habitats and the avian biodiversity of an important, yet sparsely surveyed andreported biogeographic region.

  11. Potential uranium provinces in some arabian countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work represents an attempt to delineate potential uranium provinces in some Arabian countries using various related recognition criteria. Definition of these provinces is based on the available geologic and tectonic setting beside geochronological sequence and some geochemical characteristics. This trial would be of a great help for interchanging the ideas and necessary data for the development in the fields of uranium exploration and production. As a result of this study, a number of promising potential uranium provinces are recommended in some arabian countries. 5 figs

  12. Regional geochemistry of the Karoo igneous province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The extrusive and hypabyssal rocks of the Karoo igneous province exhibit a strongly bimodal distribution of SiO2 with silica maxima corresponding to basalts and rhyolites. There are, however, a considerable variety of rock types within the province covering the range from the abundant low-MgO basalts and their intrusive equivalents to the rarer high-MgO picritic basalts and the more alkaline nephelinites and shoshonites; together with a spectrum of intermediate and acid rocks which range from andesitic to rhyolitic in character. This paper deals with the geochemistry of the Karoo igneous province

  13. Herpetofauna, Coastal Dunes, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Kacoliris, F.; Horlent, N.; Williams, J.

    2006-01-01

    Coastal dunes habitats at Buenos Aires provinceare in a fragmentation and habitat loss process dueto related human activities. Knowledge on theherpetofauna of Buenos Aires province coasthabitats is plentiful for some species of lizards andscarce for most amphibians and snakes. With theaim to present a list on the amphibians andreptiles of the coastal dune habitats in BuenosAires province we recorded species coming fromfield work, cited in literature, and vouchersspecimens deposited in herpeto...

  14. Paederus dermatitis in Najaf province of Iraq.

    OpenAIRE

    Al-dhalimi, Muhsin A.

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVES To assess the different epidemiological and clinical features of Paederus dermatitis in Najaf province. METHODS This prospective observational study, including the clinical assessment of 87 patients with definitive diagnosis of Paederus dermatitis, who presented to a dermatology clinic in the Najaf province of Iraq, was carried out from April 2006 to April 2007. RESULTS The peak time of presentation was in May, and the face and neck were the most common sites of invo...

  15. Pharmacovigilance in children in Camagüey Province, Cuba

    OpenAIRE

    Ba?rzaga Arencibia, Z.; Lo?pez Leyva, A.; Meji?as Pen?a, Y.; Gonza?lez Reyes, A. R.; Ferna?ndez Manzano, E.; Choonara, Imti

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Our aim was to describe the adverse drug reactions (ADRs) detected following increased education about pharmacovigilance and drug toxicity in children in Camagüey Province, Cuba. Methods: Over a period of 24 months (January 2009 to December 2010), all reports of suspected ADRs in children to the Provincial Pharmacovigilance Centre in Camagüey Province were analysed. ADRs were classified in relation to causality and severity. Results: There were 533 reports invol...

  16. Projections for Tourism Investments in Karaman Province

    OpenAIRE

    Mete Sezgin; Semih Buyukipekci; Murat Gumus

    2014-01-01

    Touristic investments play an important role in marketing the tourism in Karaman province. The main reason whythis study is conducted in this region with a high tourism potential is that Karaman province does not have atourism investment guide prepared so far. Our projections will serve for this purpose. In this study, touristicfunction ratio, hotel management function ratio, product-market analysis, perception map throughmulti-dimensional scaling method and TOPSIS method have been used.

  17. Projections for Tourism Investments in Karaman Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mete Sezgin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Touristic investments play an important role in marketing the tourism in Karaman province. The main reason whythis study is conducted in this region with a high tourism potential is that Karaman province does not have atourism investment guide prepared so far. Our projections will serve for this purpose. In this study, touristicfunction ratio, hotel management function ratio, product-market analysis, perception map throughmulti-dimensional scaling method and TOPSIS method have been used.

  18. Analysis of the structural parameters that influence gas production from the Devonian shale. Annual progress report, 1979-1980. Volume III. Data repository and reports published during fiscal year 1979-1980: production, unsponsored research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Negus-De Wys, J.; Dixon, J. M.; Evans, M. A.; Lee, K. D.; Ruotsala, J. E.; Wilson, T. H.; Williams, R. T.

    1980-10-01

    This document consists of the following papers: inorganic geochemistry studies of the Eastern Kentucky Gas Field; lithology studies of upper Devonian well cuttings in the Eastern Kentucky Gas Field; possible effects of plate tectonics on the Appalachian Devonian black shale production in eastern Kentucky; preliminary depositional model for upper Devonian Huron age organic black shale in the Eastern Kentucky Gas Field; the anatomy of a large Devonian black shale gas field; the Cottageville (Mount Alto) Gas Field, Jackson County, West Virginia: a case study of Devonian shale gas production; the Eastern Kentucky Gas Field: a geological study of the relationships of Ohio Shale gas occurrences to structure, stratigraphy, lithology, and inorganic geochemical parameters; and a statistical analysis of geochemical data for the Eastern Kentucky Gas Field.

  19. Analysis of the structural parameters that influence gas production from the Devonian shale. Annual progress report, 1979-1980. Volume II. Data repository and reports published during fiscal year 1979-1980: regional structure, surface structure, surface fractures, hydrology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Negus-De Wys, J.; Dixon, J. M.; Evans, M. A.; Lee, K. D.; Ruotsala, J. E.; Wilson, T. H.; Williams, R. T.

    1980-10-01

    This volume comprises appendices giving regional structure data, surface structure data, surface fracture data, and hydrology data. The fracture data covers oriented Devonian shale cores from West Virginia, Ohio, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Kentucky. The subsurface structure of the Eastern Kentucky gas field is also covered. (DLC)

  20. Plankton studies in San Francisco Bay; VI, Zooplankton species composition and abundance in the North Bay, 1979-1980

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutchinson, Anne

    1982-01-01

    Data are presented that summarize zooplankton species composition and abundance in North San Francisco Bay during 1979 and 1980. Sampling was conducted once monthly at six stations during 1979 and twice monthly at sixteen stations during 1980. Samples were collected by pump at three depths in the shipping channel and at one depth over the shoals. Subsamples were enumerated while alive. Total zooplankton biomass, as carbon, was calculated from estimated carbon quotas and abundances of each organism enumerated.

  1. Combined macroscopic and microscopic approach to the fracture of metals. Technical annual progress report, 1979-1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The following results are reported: (1) extremely good theoretical-experimental correlation was found between our theoretical predictions based on asymptotic analysis with numerical finite element studies and the experimentally monitored crack growth for a large range of stable crack growth in 4140 steel; (2) a theoretical model was developed for the critical conditions of crack initiation at rigid particles as a precursor of ductile rupture in steels; (3) as part of environmentally sensitive fracture mechanisms, it was found that hydrogen can promote a ductile-to-brittle fracture transition with increasing charging current density in low carbon steel; and (4) a new variational principle has been established for the combined processes of plastic creep flow and grain boundary diffusion and has been constructively applied to the problem of cavity growth under creep conditions

  2. Uranium provinces and the exploration industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There is little doubt that exploration by mining companies in established districts or 'provinces' has led to the discovery of substantial additional ore reserves. However, the competition for, and expenses of, land acquisitions in these known districts often prompts companies to search further afield. In some cases, new discoveries can merely be regarded as extensions of known provinces while others are located in completely new areas. Whether the explorers utilized concepts of metallogenic provinces in the course of such discoveries is questionable; rather, they would have sought the particular combinations of geological circumstances required by the model. Once a new deposit is found, however, the concept of a province, whether correct in that situation or not, is usually responsible for stimulating further activity. Recent examples of such behaviour are the Arizona Strip and NE Nebraska (USA) in provincial extensions and Roxby Downs, Lone Gull (NW Territories, Australia) and Lagoa Real (Brazil) in new areas. More routine and scientific application of metallogenic province theory by the uranium exploration industry would require evidence that not only the bulk of the world's uranium reserves but also the majority of the individual world-class deposits fall into geologically definable provinces. Such evidence should include the demonstration that particular areas of the Earth's crust had been enriched in uranium (with or without related elements) and that this enrichout related elements) and that this enrichment had persisted through periods of crustal reworking and been responsible for concentrations of the metal ore deposits. The evidence described in the volume is critically reviewed in this context. (author). Refs, 4 figs

  3. Canada's provinces review their health services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crichton, A

    1989-01-01

    Canada's health system is undergoing stocktaking and adjustment. Ontario and Quebec have recently reviewed their goals and strategies; other provinces have been seeking to control established programs. This article considers the political and social reasons for those reviews. Its themes ultimately concern whether equity is compatible with innovation and choice; whether downplaying technology is harmful; and whether restrictions (e.g. on medical manpower supply) can be achieved relatively painlessly. Changing political traditions in the different provinces have an effect upon their health systems, it is concluded. PMID:10293017

  4. Marriage Customs in Gulin County, Sichuan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuang WU

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Miao Nationality in Sichuan Province commonly known as the “Southern Sichuan Miao”, mainly is found in Sichuan south which is adjacent to Guizhou Province. Based on fieldworks of three visiting, the marriage customs in Gulin County is found to be the most unique among Southern Sichuan Miao. They include the forms of pledging love, Caishan Festival; Miao Fair, halfway feast,: passing umbrella, summoning the spirits, pulling chicken tongue, taking old names, bumping against the door, singing loudly ceremony songs, and so on. These customs are valuable assets which are primitive, elegant and rich, on inheriting on Miao history and culture.

  5. Cogeneration opportunities in the maritime provinces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the arrival of natural gas in New Brunswick in November 1999, the province will be faced with new power generation development opportunities in four different categories of power projects. These include industrial self generation (including cogeneration), merchant power plants, power projects to replace aging facilities, and power projects to help meet future environmental needs. New Brunswick's competitive advantage in harnessing the power generation development opportunities lies in the fact that it is close to major electricity markets in Quebec and New England. It also has many available generation sites. The province's many pulp and paper plants with large process steam needs are also ideal candidates for cogeneration. Some of the major competitive advantages of natural gas over coal are its lower operation and maintenance costs, it is thermally more efficient, produces lower emissions to the environment and prices are competitive. One of the suggestions in New Brunswick Power's new restructuring proposal is to unbundle electricity service in the province into generation and transmission and distribution services. Three gas-fired projects have already been proposed for the province. The 284 MW Bayside Power Project at the Courtenay Bay Generating Station is the most advanced

  6. Flinders Mountain Range, South Australia Province, Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    Classic examples of folded mountain ranges and wind erosion of geologic structures abound in the Flinders Mountain Range (30.5S, 139.0E), South Australia province, Australia. Winds from the deserts to the west gain speed as they blow across the barren surface and create interesting patterns as they funnel through the gullies and valleys.

  7. Response to Intervention (RTI) in the Province of Saskatchewan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemp-Koo, Debra; Claypool, Tim

    2011-01-01

    Response to Intervention (RTI) is at a beginning stage in the Saskatchewan province as well as in other parts of Canada. One needs only to enter RTI and the names of any of the Canadian provinces into any widely used search engine to see the marked difference in the availability of information about RTI when the Canadian provinces and individual…

  8. Large igneous provinces (LIPs) and carbonatites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernst, Richard E.; Bell, Keith

    2010-03-01

    There is increasing evidence that many carbonatites are linked both spatially and temporally with large igneous provinces (LIPs), i.e. high volume, short duration, intraplate-type, magmatic events consisting mainly of flood basalts and their plumbing systems (of dykes, sills and layered intrusions). Examples of LIP-carbonatite associations include: i. the 66 Ma Deccan flood basalt province associated with the Amba Dongar, Sarnu-Dandali (Barmer), and Mundwara carbonatites and associated alkali rocks, ii. the 130 Ma Paraná-Etendeka (e.g. Jacupiranga, Messum); iii. the 250 Ma Siberian LIP that includes a major alkaline province, Maimecha-Kotui with numerous carbonatites, iv. the ca. 370 Ma Kola Alkaline Province coeval with basaltic magmatism widespread in parts of the East European craton, and v. the 615-555 Ma CIMP (Central Iapetus Magmatic Province) of eastern Laurentia and western Baltica. In the Superior craton, Canada, a number of carbonatites are associated with the 1114-1085 Ma Keweenawan LIP and some are coeval with the pan-Superior 1880 Ma mafic-ultramafic magmatism. In addition, the Phalaborwa and Shiel carbonatites are associated with the 2055 Ma Bushveld event of the Kaapvaal craton. The frequency of this LIP-carbonatite association suggests that LIPs and carbonatites might be considered as different evolutionary ‘pathways’ in a single magmatic process/system. The isotopic mantle components FOZO, HIMU, EM1 but not DMM, along with primitive noble gas signatures in some carbonatites, suggest a sub-lithospheric mantle source for carbonatites, consistent with a plume/asthenospheric upwelling origin proposed for many LIPs.

  9. The Opening of the Roads from Yunnan to Huguang Province Produced Great Influences on Economy of Yunnan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qianfang Shen

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Yuan Dynasty was an important period for Yunnan Province in history. The roads access to Huguang Province did not only promote the great development of the politics and economy of Yunnan Province, which actually surpassed any dynasty previous to it, but also strengthened the contacts with the inner parts of China, promoted the national amalgamation, and enhanced the centripetal force of Yunnan Province, finishing the situation of 500-year separation and leading the growth of Yunnan Province to a new stage.

  10. Geologic Provinces of the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    A look into the forces of plate tectonics, weathering and erosion. A clickable, digital shaded relief map of the United States divides the continental states into 10 regions: Pacific Mountain System, Columbia Plateau, Basin and Range, Colorado Plateau, Rocky Mountain System, Laurentian Upland, Interior Plains, Interior Highlands, Appalachian Highlands, and Atlantic Plain. Each link takes the viewer to a descriptive page that tells of the geologic history of the region and the forces that produced the current landscape. The site is currently under construction; each specific region will soon have links to Sub provinces, Maps and Illustrations (enabled), and an Image Gallery. Links to two other United States Geological Survey (USGS) learning web sites are available: Geologic time and Plate tectonics. Other links are also provided to a list of parks by province or plate tectonic setting, USGS Geology in the Parks home, and National Park Service Park Geology Tour home.

  11. AAPG-CSD geologic provinces code map

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meyer, R.F.; Wallace, L.G.; Wagner, F.J. Jr. (Geological Survey, Reston, VA (United States))

    1991-10-01

    This article provides the history of a revised geologic map which was drawn based on both surface geology and petroleum occurrence. The map includes offshore maps for California and the Gulf Coast of Texas and Louisiana. For onshore sites it provides geologic province boundaries which were drawn along county boundaries to approximate their position relative to oil and gas production. The offshore sites are drawn based on the universal transverse Mercator system.

  12. Earthquake Studies In Oaxaca Province, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hrvoic, I.; Wilson, M.; Lopez, F. G.; Cifuentes-Nava, G.; Hernandez, E.; Cabral, E.

    2010-12-01

    GEM Systems and UNAM of Mexico operate a potassium Supergradiometer with sub pT sensitivity in Oaxaca Province in an attempt to study local earthquakes. Recently a study of the past records reveals precursors to moderate earthquakes (4.2 and 4.7) in the vicinity of the instrument (20 - 35 km. distance to hypocenters). The search and analysis of data continues, and we will report case histories with some details.

  13. An ethnobotanical survey on hormozgan province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid Safa

    2012-12-01

    Conclusion: This study revealed that the people of Hormozgan province have a rich knowledge of natural resources. The use and consumption of medicinal plants are still important parts of their life.Rational use of native medicinal plants may benefit and improve their living standards and quality of life. The results of this study can be used as a basis for selecting herbs for further pharmacological, phytochemical, and pharmacognostical studies.

  14. Granites as indicators of uranium provinces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The origins of U provinces can be attributed to acid magmatic sources with juvenile characteristics which transferred radioelements from the lower to the upper crust and which were formed by partial melting of a F- and LIL-enriched lower crustal-upper mantle source region. The granites were emplaced as dry melts which were further enriched at a high level by fractional crystallization and pervasive metasomatism. The granites and their precursor source regions thus represent a primary and fundamental control on the subsequent development of high level U ore-forming processes. A long period of evolution and enrichment in the lower crust-upper mantle region may thus be required prior to the transferrence of these U enriched magmas from the lower to upper crustal levels and Precambrian crust is often reported from areas where this process is thought to have occurred. Indeed it was emphasized by Bowie (1977) that the occurrence of uranium provinces in Colorado, southern Ontario, South Africa and elsewhere is closely associated with Precambrian crust. Major tectonism and crustal instability during the ore-forming processes are also an essential requirement. On the other hand a model involving the anatexis and high level emplacement of sedimentary rocks in continental collision zones does present many difficulties in accounting for the genesis of U provinces: Firstly, uraniferous granites in orogenic belts are shown to have characteristics similar to those of uraniferous graistics similar to those of uraniferous granites from anorogenic regions and secondly, black shales which have high U contents also have high levels of Co, Cr, Cu, Ni and V; these elements are however notably lacking in the uraniferous granites we have investigated. Studies of mineralized and metalliferous granites from several U provinces show however that it is usually possible to distinguish mineralized from nonmineralized metalliferous granites using selected indicator elements such as F and B. These factors are illustrated by examples ranging from the Archaean to the Phanerozoic from China, South Africa and Europe. 24 refs, 1 fig

  15. Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part VII. Kerman Province.

    OpenAIRE

    Navidpour, S.; Ezatkhah, M.; Kovar?i?k, F.; Soleglad, M. E.; Fet, V.

    2011-01-01

    Thirteen species of scorpions belonging to two families are reported from the Kerman Province of Iran. Of these, the species Compsobuthus kaftani Kova?ík, 2003, Mesobuthus macmahoni (Pocock, 1900), Orthochirus farzanpayi (Vachon et Farzanpay, 1987), Polisius persicus Fet, Capes et Sissom, 2001, Sassanidotus gracilis (Birula, 1900), and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861 are recorded from the province for the first time. Kerman Province contains type localities of six species of scorpions, o...

  16. Analysis of uranium metallogenesis in Zhejiang province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The metallogenic geological setting, mineralized strata and rocks, mineralized fractures and characteristics of alteration and mineralization of 74 known deposits in Zhejiang Province are analysed. The fact that the uranium deposit in this region belongs to the filling uranium deposit of gas liquid metasomatism related to volcanic hydrothermal solution is proved. The mineralization was in late Yanshan. The metallogenic substances mainly came from sialic crust and the concentration of mineral-forming elements is closely related to magmatic differentiation. The deposits were formed under the circumstances of low temperature and low pressure in the shallow part of the crust

  17. Provinces and Rock Types of Pennsylvania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meg Burton

    In this lesson, students will: observe features on a map and identify the five general physiographic provinces of Pennsylvania; learn something about elevation in the state; identify patterns of mountains and valleys, and then relate that pattern to anticlinal and synclinal rock formation; observe samples of sandstone, shale and limestone; and identify two major Pennsylvania watersheds. This lesson plan is designed to accompany the Digital Shaded-Relief Map of Pennsylvania and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Land Cover Map, both published by the United States Geological Survey and the Pennsylvania Geological Survey, and available for free upon request.

  18. Spontaneously settled refugees in Northwestern Province, Zambia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freund, P J; Kalumba, K

    1986-01-01

    The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) commissioned researchers from the University of Zambia to conduct a socioeconomic survey and census of "spontaneously settled" Zairean and Angolan refugees in the Northwestern Province of Zambia in 1982. The sample consisted of 188 Angolans, 201 Zaireans, and 2 South Africans. The difficulties experienced by refugees in Northwestern Province in achieving integration were related to a combination of factors including the lack of a clear national policy on refugees and refugee status, a national concern for maintaining security, the popular belief that aliens are responsible for an increasing crime rate, the desire by immigration officials for stricter laws to control alien infiltration, conflict between traditional and modern leaders, and Zambia's deteriorating economic situation. In spite of the problems described, the integration of refugees into existing communities is a desirable goal and should be encouraged. One should not assume that self-settling refugees are able to live with ethnic kin, receive assistance and hospitality, and thus are better off than those in camps. The Zambian case provides ample evidence that integration is not easy even with kin support, shared ethnicity, language, and historical connections. Moreover, given the fact that Zambia will continue to receive refugees it is vital that there is a well defined refugee policy and an administrative mechanism for implementing that policy at all levels. This will be particularly important in Zambia as it will undoubtedly continue to receive large influxes of refugees, from countries such as Namibia, Uganda, Angola, Mozambique, and South Africa. PMID:12267853

  19. Province of Ontario nuclear emergency plan. Pt. 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Province of Ontario Nuclear Emergency Plan has been developed pursuant to Section 8 of the Emergency Plans Act, 1983. This plan replaces the Province of Ontario Nuclear Contingency Off-Site Plan (June 1980) which is no longer applicable. The wastes plan includes planning, preparation, emergency organization and operational responsibilities and policy

  20. Medicinal plants used in Kirklareli Province (Turkey).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kültür, Sükran

    2007-05-01

    In this paper, 126 traditional medicinal plants from Kirklareli Province in Turkey have been reported. One hundred and twenty six plant species belonging to 54 families and among them 100 species were wild and 26 species were cultivated plants. Most used families were Rosaceae, Labiatae, Compositae and the most used plants were Cotinus coggyria, Sambucus ebulus, Achillea millefolium subsp. pannonica, Hypericum perforatum, Matricaria chamomilla var. recutita, Melissa officinalis subsp. officinalis, Juglans regia, Thymus longicaulis subsp. longicaulis var. subisophyllus, Malva sylvestris, Urtica dioica, Plantago lanceolata, Rosa canina, Ecballium elaterium, Artemisia absinthium, Viscum album subsp. album, Papaver rhoeas, Helleborus orientalis, Cydonia oblonga, Prunus spinosa subsp. dasyphylla, Rubus discolor, Sorbus domestica. A total of 143 medicinal uses were obtained. The traditional medicinal plants have been mostly used for the treatment of wounds (25.3%), cold and influenza (24.6%), stomach (20%), cough (19%), kidney ailments (18.2%), diabetes (13.4%). PMID:17257791

  1. Enteric Fever in South China: Guangxi Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jin Yang

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Guangxi is a province of China endemic for enteric fever. Salmonella enterica serovar Paratyphi A has been found to be causing more and more enteric fever episodes in the last 10 years, evident not only from routine surveillance but also from prospective population-based surveillance. The prevalent pattern of paratyphoid seen was different from typhoid since it mainly occurred in outbreaks. Almost all strains collected from different areas and years in Guangxi were resistance to nalidixic acid, which is an indicator of reduced efficacy of ciprofloxacin treatment. The emergence of epidemic paratyphoid fever occurred after large-scale use of the typhoid Vi vaccine, but little is know about why it emerged. This is of particular concern in the post Vi vaccine era due to the emergence and worldwide spread of multi-drug resistant S. Paratyphi A strains and the lack of a vaccine.

  2. Development of the Alligator Rivers Uranium Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The mining and milling of the uranium ore deposits in the Alligator Rivers Province will depend on open-cut and underground mining operations and well-established treatment techniques. The Ranger Project has Government development approval and major site construction commenced following the end of the 1978/79 wet season. Present indications are that normal commercial production of 2 540 t U/a should occur towards the end of 1981. The Ranger Joint Venturers have stated that when it is commercially practicable production will be increased to 5 080 t U/a. The Nabarlek Project also has development approval and production is to commence in the latter half of 1980 at approximately 920 t U/a. The Jabiluka and Koongarra Projects have not yet been given Government development approval

  3. The Colorado Plateau uranium province, USA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Colorado Plateau uranium province (CPUP) occupies a large part of the Colorado Plateau physiographic province, from which it derived its name. It is defined by the distribution of major uranium deposits within Pennsylvanian through Upper Jurassic sedimentary rocks. In contrast, the edges of the CPUP and adjacent areas are either devoid of deposits or contain only smaller deposits in either Tertiary volcanic and sedimentary rocks or Precambrian basement rocks. Orthogonal sets of lineaments trending northeast and northwest across the region reflect structures that were periodically active in the late Paleozoic through the Mesozoic and which exerted significant control on the positions of contemporaneous intracratonic basins and related sedimentary facies. Fluvial sandstone facies, in particular, contain most of the uranium deposits, and fine-grained volcaniclastic rocks overlying the sandstones are presumed to be the source of much of the uranium. Both structural features and sedimentary facies controlled the flow of ore-forming groundwater. The major uranium deposits in the CPUP consist of seven types distinguished by host rock, form, and mineral assemblage. Each type of deposit is here named after the principal host unit in which it occurs. Isotopic age determinations suggest that the major deposits resulted from three separate mineralizing episodes: (1) the first was a major, widespread episode at about the end of Triassic time, (2) the second was a minor, more lc time, (2) the second was a minor, more localized episode in mid-Jurassic time and (3) the dominant third episode occurred at about the beginning of Cretaceous time. Each of the two major episodes followed the only two massive accumulations of volcaniclastic strata in the region. This volcanic debris was derived from contemporaneous volcanic arcs far to the south and west and, as noted above, is believed to be the source of much of the uranium in the deposits. 65 refs, 11 figs, 4 tabs

  4. Study on Logistics Center Site Selection of Jilin Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaohui Liu

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Based on the introduction of the concepts of logistics and logistics center, this paper analyzed the status and problems of Jilin Province’s logistics center, and proposed the steps, principles and factors for site selection of logistics center. Then by listing and comparing nine kinds of logistics center site selection method, including Analytic Hierarchy Process, Cluster Algorithm, Genetic Algorithm, Weight Grade Method, P-Median Method, System Simulation Method, Fuzzy quality function method, Dijkstra Method, we chose the best site selection method, namely the center of gravity method. Finally, this paper found out the exact logistics center location of Jilin Province with the center of gravity method.

  5. The Teles Pires volcanic province: A paleogeoproterozoic silicic-dominated large igneous province in southwest Amazon craton and tectonic implications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) are important features of the Earth history especially recognized during Paleo to Mezosoic times when they are related to the break up of supercontinents (Coffin and Eldhom, 1994). These provinces occur in several different tectonic settings such as volcanic passive margins, submarine ridges and continental and oceanic plateaux. Mafic-dominanted provinces are the most well known among the LIPs and the best examples are the Karoo, Kerguelem and Ontong-Java. LIPs including an important silicic component have been described in some basaltic provinces of southern Africa (Milner et al. 1992). More recently, silicic-dominated LIPs have been recognized in eastern Australia (Bryan et al., 2000), in southern South America (Pankhurst et al. 1998) and in Antartica Penninsula (Riley and Leat, 1999). The common characteristics of this kind of LIP include: 1) large volume of silicic rocks with dominance of ignimbrites, 2) active over 40 to 50 m.y.; and 3) spatially and temporally associated with plate break up. In this paper we present the main geologic and geochronologic characteristics of the Teles Pires volcanic province from southwest Amazon Craton, which allow its classification as a Paleoprotorozoic silicic-dominated LIP. Geologic implications of this suggestion includes the existence of a large cratonic plate as old as 1.81Ga for the Amazon Craton, therefore the proposed 1.85-1.55 Ga magmatic arc of Rio Negro-Juruena Province should be reviewed Negro-Juruena Province should be reviewed (au)

  6. Highlights from Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    Although the extraction of mineral wealth has been the major influence in the history of Johannesburg and the surrounding Witwatersrand regions (with about 45% of all gold ever mined coming from there), the discovery of now-famous hominid fossils at the Sterkfontein Caves, and the convening of the world's largest-ever conference on environment and development, are setting a new stage for the future. The United Nations began the second Development and Environment Conference in Johannesburg on August 26, 2002. This meeting addresses the implementation of international goals to fight poverty and protect the global environment that were established at the first such conference held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. The Johannesburg summit involves about forty thousand participants, and perhaps 100 world leaders. One of several official opening ceremonies for the conference was held at the Sterkfontein Caves to recognize the outstanding universal value of the paleo-anthropological fossils found there.These views from the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) highlight a number of the land use, vegetation, and geological features found within Gauteng Province (including the urban center of Johannesburg and the capital city Pretoria) and parts of the North West and Free State Provinces. The image on the right displays vegetation in red hues and is a false-color view utilizing data from MISR's near-infrared, red and blue bands. Both the natural-color view (left) and the false-color version were acquired by MISR's nadir camera on June 16, 2002. The urban areas appear as gray-colored pixels in the natural-color view, and exhibit colors corresponding with the relative abundance of vegetation found in the urban parts of this arid region.The mountains trending east-west near the center of the images extend from Pretoria in the east to Rustenberg in the west. These ranges, the Magaliesberg and Witwatersberg, separate the low-lying, hotter bushveld to the north from the cooler highveld to the south. The large round feature near the north-west corner indicates an ancient volcanic crater in the Pilanesberg National Park. Many bright, buff-colored rectangular patches around Johannesburg are associated with mining activities, and at least two of these areas (situated 40 kilometers southeast of the city) hold large amounts of water. The Sterkfontein Caves (now included within the recently created 'Cradle of Humankind' World Heritage Site) are located about 35 kilometers northwest of Johannesburg. In the southern portion of the images, a section of the Vredefort Hills are apparent to the west, and to the east the Vaal River and a large water body contained by the Vaal Dam delineate the border between the Gauteng and Free State provinces.The Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer observes the daylit Earth continuously from pole to pole, and views almost the entire globe every 9 days. This image is a portion of the data acquired during Terra orbit 13266, and covers an area of about 190 kilometers x 221 kilometers. It utilizes data from blocks 111 to 112 within World Reference System-2 path 170.MISR was built and is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Office of Earth Science, Washington, DC. The Terra satellite is managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. JPL is a division of the California Institute of Technology.

  7. Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones. Part II. Bushehr Province.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soleglad, M.E.

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The Bushehr Province of Iran contains the type localities of three scorpion taxa, Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889, Orthochirus iranus Kova?ík, 2004, and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900. Apart from them, Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807, Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905, Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880, Odontobuthus bidentatus Lourenço & Pézier, 2002, Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903, and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1862 have also been known to occur in the province. Collections made by a team under Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran reveal four additional species recorded from the province for the first time: Buthacus macrocentrus (Ehrenberg, 1828, Compsobuthus jakesi Kova?ík, 2003, Orthochirus farzanpayi (Vachon & Farzanpay, 1987, and Orthochirus stockwelli (Lourenço et Vachon, 1995. In addition, Compsobuthus persicus sp. n. is described as a species new to science, bringing the total species count to 14. A key to all species of scorpions found in Bushehr Province is presented.

  8. Lagoa Real uranium province - The History of an example

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is narrated a historic about the anomalies descovered in Lagoa Real province (BA), focusing the aspects related to geology, mineralization, drillings data and reserves evaluation. Geologic and radiometric maps of the anomalies are shown. (A.B.)

  9. Tsunami damage in Aceh Province, Sumatra

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    The island of Sumatra suffered from both the rumblings of the submarine earthquake and the tsunamis that were generated on December 26, 2004. Within minutes of the quake, the sea surged ashore, bringing destruction to the coasts of northern Sumatra. This pair of natural-color images from Landsat 7's Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) instrument shows a small area along the Sumatran coast in Aceh province where the tsunami smashed its way ashore. In this region, the wave cut a swath of near-total destruction 1.5 kilometers (roughly one mile) in most places, but penetrating farther in many others. Some of these deeper paths of destruction can be seen especially dramatically in the larger-area ETM+ images linked to above. (North is up in these larger images.) ETM+ collects data at roughly 30 meter resolution, complimenting sensors like NASA's MODIS (onboard both Terra and Aqua satellites) which observed this area at 250-meter resolution to give a wide view and ultra-high-resolution sensors like Space Imaging's IKONOS, which observed the same region at 4-meter resolution to give a detailed, smaller-area view. NASA images created by Jesse Allen, Earth Observatory, using data provided courtesy of the Landsat 7 Science Project Office

  10. Bovine trypanosomosis in north province of cameroon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of the examination of 2959 bovine blood samples collected from four divisions of North Province of Cameroon showed a prevalence of 1.72 for T. brucei, 0.98 for T. congolense and 4.03 for T. vivax using parasitological techniques, such as the buffy coat technique (BCT) and the microhaematrocrit centrifugation technique (MHCT). Prevalence rates in tsetse infested areas were higher than in tsetse free areas for T. brucei and T. congolense, but not for T. vivax. The Antigen ELISA was used to detect trypanosomal antigens in serum samples of a subset of the same animals. By using the Ag-ELISA many more animals were detected positive for T. brucei and T. vivax, but not for T. congolense, than when just the two parasitological techniques were used. As a matter of fact 90% of the T. brucei infections were detected by the Ag-ELISA and 10% by using either the BCT or the MHCT. (author).6 refs, 5 figs, 6 tabs

  11. Dinoflagellates of the Trentino Province, Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanna FLAIM

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available The Trentino Province (Italy has more than 320 lakes diverse in size, geological substrate, altitude and trophic status, and representing most physico-chemical types of temperate lakes. A recent research project (SALTO offered the opportunity to study the dinoflagellate flora of 27 of these water bodies representing all lake types. In this paper 34 taxa of dinoflagellates assigned to eight genera (Ceratium, Glenodiniopsis, Glochidinium, Gymnodinium, Gyrodinium, Peridinium, Peridiniopsis and Tovellia in five families (Ceratiaceae, Glenodiniopsidaceae, Gymnodiniaceae, Peridiniaceae and Tovelliaceae and four genera of uncertain collocation (Baldinia, Borghiella, Durinskia and Staszicella are described. Two previously undescribed species and two new combinations are also included. Classification is based in part on Popovsk´y and Pfiester (1990, modified according to the results of recent molecular and ultrastructural analyses. Dinoflagellate taxonomy is currently undergoing extensive revision, and taxonomic decisions in the present article follow the recent orientations in dinoflagellate systematics. The taxonomical issues of the more problematic genera are discussed. Where appropriate, comments on ecological features of the species are also given.

  12. Philonotis calcarea (Bryophyta in the Opole Province (Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stebel Adam

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Philonotis calcarea (Bruch & Schimp. Schimp. in Poland is a montane species, very rarely occurring in lowland, strictly protected by law. In the Opole Province till this time it has been known from four localities, reported from the 19th and first half of the 20th century. The paper presents description of the new locality and list of stations of P. calcarea in the Opole Province. Current distribution of this species is presented on the map.

  13. Malaria Situation and Anopheline Mosquitoes in Qom Province, Central Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Abai, MR; Saghafipour, A.; Farzinnia, B.

    2010-01-01

    "nAbstract "nBackground: The aims of this study was to analysis the current situation of malaria and to find the distribution of anopheline mosquitoes, as probable vectors of the disease, in Qom Province, central Iran. "nMethods: This study was carried out in two parts. First stage was data collection about malaria cases using recorded documents of patients in the Province health center, during 2001–2008. The second stage was entomological survey conducted by mosquito...

  14. Development of Indicators of Cyberbullying among Youths in Songkhla Province

    OpenAIRE

    Tanyakorn Tudkuea; Kasetchai Laeheem

    2014-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to develop indicators and to test the goodness of fit of the structural relationship model of indicators of cyberbullying among youths in Songkhla Province. The study was conducted with 480 youths, and confirmatory factor analysis was performed.The results of the study revealed that the indicators of cyberbullying among youths in Songkhla Province consisted of five factors with twenty-four indicators. The factor with the highest weight was slandering (b=0.90)...

  15. Helminths of guineafowls in Limpopo Province, South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Boomker, J.; Junker, K.

    2007-01-01

    Between July 2005 and November 2006 the gastro-intestinal helminths of 15 Helmeted guineafowls and a single Crested guineafowl from Musina, Limpopo Province were examined, and in July and August 2005 helminths were collected from five Helmeted guineafowls from Mokopane in the same province. The acanthocephalan Mediorhynchus gallinarum, the cestodes Abuladzugnia gutterae, Davainea nana, Hymenolepis cantaniana, Num...

  16. Strategies Formulation for Championship Sports In Zanjan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Nasser Taghibigloo; Mehdi Kohandel; Hossein Darbani; Akbar Heidary

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to design and develop strategies of championship sports in Zanjan Province- Iran. Here, the descriptive methodology would be applied based upon the case study. The Statistical population includes the physical education professors, the managers of Physical Education departments, educated coaches and M.A students in the province. The statistical sample encompasses 36 individuals selected totally due to limited Statistical population. To collect the data, we used ...

  17. The economic impact of hunting in the Northern Cape province

    OpenAIRE

    Rossouw, Riaan; Saayman, Melville; Merwe, Petrus

    2011-01-01

    We here estimate the economic impact of hunting (both biltong and trophy) on South Africa's Northern Cape province economy. This study used the input-output (social accounting matrix) and multiplier analyses to evaluate the economic impact of hunting in the regional economy of the Northern Cape province. Data on biltong hunting were derived from a national survey conducted in 2007 and data on trophy hunting were derived from the Professional Hunting Association of South Africa (PHASA). The re...

  18. The Development Measures of Circular Economy in Jilin Province

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Zhang

    2010-01-01

    The development of circular economy is the strategic choice of Jilin Province to improve overall competitiveness. This article described specific measures of the development of circular economy in Jilin Province from five aspects as follows: the building of circular economy industrial park and business groups, the development of modern agriculture, improve the utilization of water resources, as well as the construction of laws and regulations.

  19. The Development Measures of Circular Economy in Jilin Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Zhang

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The development of circular economy is the strategic choice of Jilin Province to improve overall competitiveness. This article described specific measures of the development of circular economy in Jilin Province from five aspects as follows: the building of circular economy industrial park and business groups, the development of modern agriculture, improve the utilization of water resources, as well as the construction of laws and regulations.

  20. On Promoting the Construction of Model Province of National Rural Informationization in Hubei

    OpenAIRE

    Pengfei Zhang; Hongjian Zheng; Lingyun Zhang

    2014-01-01

    The construction of model province of national rural informationization, which needs more departments jointly and participants, is a systematic, socialized major project. Hubei provincial government, standing in the angle of planning the province's economic and social development as a whole, proposes the “one Yuan multi-level” development strategy and it has laid a solid foundation to make Hubei province become the construction pilot provinces of “model province of national rural inform...

  1. Joint malaria surveys lead towards improved cross-border cooperation between Savannakhet province, Laos and Quang Tri province, Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Pongvongsa Tiengkham; Ha Hoang; Thanh Le; Marchand Ron P; Nonaka Daisuke; Tojo Bumpei; Phongmany Panom; Moji Kazuhiko; Kobayashi Jun

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background In Savannakhet province, Laos and Quang Tri province, Vietnam, malaria is still an important health problem and most cases are found in the mountainous, forested border areas where ethnic minority groups live. The objectives of this study were to obtain a better joint understanding of the malaria situation along the border and, on the basis of that, improve malaria control methods through better cooperation between the two countries. Methods Fourteen villages in Savannakhe...

  2. Coup d'oeil sur les provinces géantes d'hydrocarbures A Glance At Giant Hydrocarbon Provinces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perrodon A.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Vingt provinces géantes de plus d'un milliard de tonnes de pétrole ou d'équivalent gaz, se répartissant assez bien suivant une loi log-normale, concentrent aujourd'hui 90 % des découvertes cumulées d'huile et près de 80 % des réserves de gaz. Ces provinces, situées plus particulièrement dans l'hémisphère Nord, occupent des positions remarquables dans un cadre géotectonique d'ensemble. L'analyse de leurs caractéristiques géologiques et pétrolières fait apparaître notamment la prédominance de pièges structuraux, de discordances régionales et d'un habitat de type concentré. L'histoire de leur découverte et de leur exploration montre une certaine accélération qui semble culminer au cours des années 1950-1960. Le rendement de l'exploration de ces provinces est généralement élevé, à l'exception des provinces nord-américaines, théâtre d'une prospection intensive dès avant la Deuxième Guerre mondiale. Ces rendements élevés paraissent en étroite relation avec leur richesse, l'habitat concentré et le niveau des techniques. Twenty giant provinces with reserves of more thon ode billion tons (7 billions barrels of cil or gas equivalent, evenly distributed along a log normal cross-section, today hold 90 °/u of cumulative oil discoveries and nearly 80 % of gas reserves. These provinces, situated more particularly in the Northern Hemisphere, occupy noteworthy positions within an overall geotectonic setting. An analysis of their geological and petroleum properties reveals in particular the predominance of structural traps, regional unconformities and a concentrated habitat. The history of their discovery and exploration shows a definite acceleration which appears to have attained its culmination in the 1950-1960s. The exploration yield in these provinces is generally high,exceptforthe North American provinces where intensive prospecting had already been undertaken before the Second World War. These high yields seem to be closely related to their wealth, their concentrated habitat and the quality of the techniques used for their exploration.

  3. Nitrate Concentration in Groundwater in Isfahan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. F. Mousavi

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available In recent decades, the use of nitrogen fertilizers has increased irrespective of their effects on soil properties, agricultural products and, particularly, on environmental pollution. Nitrate easily leaches from soils into groundwater. The objective of this study was to determine temporal and spatial nitrate concentrations in groundwater in agricultural, industrial and urban regions in some parts of Isfahan Province. Water samples were collected monthly from 75 agricultural, industrial, and urban wells of Isfahan, Najaf-abad, Shahreza, Natanz and Kashan during January-May 2001. The results indicated that NO3-N concentrations in most of the regions studied were higher than the standard level (10 mg/l and nitrate pollution must be reckoned among the most serious problems of sustainable agriculture and exploitation of groundwater resources. Average NO3-N concentration in different wells ranged from 1.03 to 50.78 mg/l (4.64 to 228.5 mg/l as nitrate. The average NO3-N concentration in groundwater of Najaf-abad, Shahreza, Isfahan and Natanz-Kashan was 17.56, 14.6, 16.04, and 8.24 mg/l and 95.5, 100, 84 and 33.3 % of total wells in these regions had nitrate concentrations above the standard level, respectively. Maximum NO3-N concentration was detected in the agricultural region south of Najaf-abad (64.6 mg/l. Nitrate pollution in most of the sampling areas was mainly linked to agricultural activities. The average NO3-N concentration in groundwater of all agricultural, industrial, and urban regions, except for urban regions of Natanz and Kashan, were above the standard level. Generally, nitrate concentration level in groundwater increased with time and was maximum in March and April.

  4. Primary care morbidity in Eastern Cape province

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Valerie, Brueton; Parimalarani, Yogeswaran; Jimmy, Chandia; Khaya, Mfenyana; Bernadette, Modell; Michael, Modell; Irwin, Nazareth.

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Primary health care in rural South Africa is predominantly provided by remote clinics and health centres. In 1994, health centres were upgraded and new health centres developed to serve as a health care filter between community clinics and district hospitals. AIM: To describe the spectru [...] m of clinical problems encountered at a new health centre in an area of high economic deprivation and compare this with an adjacent community clinic and district hospital. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: A rural clinic, health centre and district hospital in Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. METHODS: The International Classification of Primary Care-2 (ICPC-2) was used to code data collected over a 13-week period from patients presenting at a community clinic, health centre and district hospital. RESULTS: Altogether, 4 383 patient encounters were recorded across all three sites. Most contacts at the clinic (97%) and the health centre (80%) were with a nurse. Females over 15 years of age comprised over half of all contacts at health facilities (53%). The most common diagnosis category was respiratory (23%). Cough was the most common symptom. Thirty per cent of children up to 5 years of age were seen for immunisations. Most childhood immunisations (79%) were carried out at the health centre. CONCLUSION: Of all the health care facilities surveyed, the health centre had the highest throughput of patients, indicating that the health centre is an efficient filter between the community and hospital. The ICPC-2 can be successfully used to monitor encounters at similar African health care facilities.

  5. Epidemiology of cancer in Mazandaran province 2006

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    Faezeh Norouzi Nejad1

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available (Received 11 April, 2009 ; Accepted 8 July, 2009AbstractBackground and purpose: Cancer is the second most common cause of death in developed countries and third in less developed countries. The incidence of the different histological types of cancer varies greatly between various populations and is attributed to occupational, social, cultural, racial, and geographic influences. The objective of this study was to determine and register all cases of cancer among population of Mazandaran province, during the year of ????.Materials and methods: Characteristics of all registered malignancies were obtained from records in histopathology and radiology clinical, hospitals and deaths certificated in Mazandaran using the International Classification of Disease (ICD, with data being analyzed using ASR, Excel and spss soft ware.Results: A total of ?.??? patients with cancers were found during this study. These, ?.??????.???? were males and ?.??? (??.??%? females. Age standardized rate (ASR for all cancers in males and females were ?1?.????????? and ???.????????? Respectively. The most common malignancies among females were breast (??.????? skin (??.????, colon and rectum cancers (??.????.In men, stomach (42.41??, skin (??.???? and esophagus (?.???? were the most common cancers respectively. Infiltrating duct carcinoma, was the most common histopathological types of tumors (69.???? in breast cancer. The most common morphology in stomach cancer was adenocarcinoma, (??.????.Conclusion: Distribution of malignant disorders in our population is different from other regions. Therefore, it appears necessary to have a valid health policy for prevention. Consequently, it is necessary to have a valid health policy for prevention and control of this problem.Key words: J Mazand Univ Med Sci 2009; 19(72: 61-65 (Persian.

  6. Chihuahua City uranium province, Chihuahua, Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Three uranium districts and many uranium occurrences and anomalies constitute the Chihuahua City uranium province. The districts are: (1) Pena Blanca, in ignimbrites and volcaniclastics, some initial geological studies have been undertaken; (2) Sierra Gomez, in carbonates, preliminary geological studies accomplished; (3) San Marcos, in caldera margin ignimbrites, preliminary geological studies accomplished. The Chihuahua City region lies on a hinge line between a stable cratonic block on the west and a more mobile zone to the east. This characteristic has been present repeatedly through the Phanerozoic. Within the last 100 million years, subduction occurred from the west, with the formation of the lower volcanic series of the Sierra Madre, followed by tensional environments and upper volcanic series caldera flare-up. Basin and Range-Rio Grande Rift tectonism is a post-29 million years phenomenon. Chemical analyses for 152 lithogeochemical samples from 12 different geological families and for 171 stream sediment samples (36 and 32 chemical species, respectively) are summarized. The Pena Blanca uranium deposits are believed to have been formed from source rock of 30 million years, with approximately 18 to 20 ppm U; the uranium was transported eastwest from the Sierra del Nido block via clastic and solution processes. These materials within the Ojo Laguna Graben, with its high heat flow, were pressure cooked. Epithermal-geothermal systems using these heated waters as thel systems using these heated waters as their source solutions moved hydrologically southeastward through Pena Blanca range faults to favourable precipitation sites in the Pena Blanca deposits of Margaritas and Nopal I. (author)

  7. Environmental factors of urinary stones mineralogy, Khouzestan Province, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarasvandi, Alireza; Carranza, E. J. M.; Heidari, Majid; Mousapour, Esmaeil

    2014-09-01

    Urinary stone diseases in the Khouzestan province (southwest Iran) are growing in number and it required extensive studies on various factors of the urinary stones formation in this province. In this research, in addition to distribution of urinary stones in different areas of province, the role of bioenvironmental (race), climate (temperature) and geology (water hardness) factors in urinary stones diversity has been studied. Mineralogical studied using X-ray diffraction showed that uricite and whewellite are the most frequency mineral phases. Struvite, Cystine, hydroxyapatite, weddellite, and Niahite can be observed as urinary stones, too. These data show that the urinary stone in the Khouzestan province can divide into 7 groups: calcium oxalate, phosphate, calcium oxalate/ phosphate, Urate, Urate/calcium, Urate/calcium oxalate/phosphate, Cystine/calcium oxalate. Also the results which attained from temperature effect investigation on the mineralogy of urinary stones, confirms that from Mediterranean sub-humid climates (northeastern area) to warm and dry climates (south and southwest area), calcium oxalate stones and urate stones concentration decreases and increases respectively. Comparison of data related to the drinking water hardness and mineralogy of urinary stones in different areas of Khouzestan province show that the combination of drinking water (especially water hardness) affects mineralogy of urinary stones in some areas (such az Ramhormoz and Hendijan). Finally, the data suggest that frequency of calcium oxalate in women is more than that of men. Moreover, there is direct relationship between the age (>45 years) and the increase in frequency of Urate minerals.

  8. Hydrocarbon provinces and productive trends in Libya and adjacent areas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Missallati, A.A. (Agip (N.A.M.E.)Ltd., Tripoli (Libya))

    1988-08-01

    According to the age of major reservoirs, hydrocarbon occurrences in Libya and adjacent areas can be grouped into six major systems which, according to their geographic locations, can be classified into two major hydrocarbon provinces: (1) Sirte-Pelagian basins province, with major reservoirs ranging from middle-late Mesozoic to early Tertiary, and (2) Murzog-Ghadames basins province, with major reservoirs ranging from early Paleozoic to early Mesozoic. In the Sirte-Pelagian basins province, hydrocarbons have been trapped in structural highs or in stratigraphic wedge-out against structural highs and in carbonate buildups. Here, hydrocarbon generation is characterized by the combined effect of abundant structural relief and reservoir development in the same hydrocarbon systems of the same age, providing an excellent example of hydrocarbon traps in sedimentary basins that have undergone extensive tensional fracturing in a shallow marine environment. In the Murzog-Ghadames basins province, hydrocarbons have been trapped mainly in structural highs controlled by paleostructural trends as basement arches which acted as focal points for oil migration and accumulation.

  9. Fire Behavior in Pelalawan Peatland, Riau Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BAMBANG HERO SAHARJO

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available During dry season it is easily recognized that smoke will emerge at certain place both in Sumatra and Kalimantan that is in peatland. The worst situation occurred when fire burnt buried log in the logged over area where the fire fighter did not have any experience and knowledge on how to work with fire in peatland. Finally it had been found that one of the reasons why firefighter failed to fight fire in peatland is because they do not have any knowledge and experience on it. In order to know the fire behavior characteristics in different level of peat decomposition for fire management and sustainable management of the land for the community, research done in Pelalawan area, Riau Province, Indonesia, during dry season 2001. Three level of peat decomposition named Sapric, Hemic, and Fibric used. To conduct the research, two 400 m2 of plot each was established in every level of the peat decomposition. Burning done three weeks following slashing, cutting and drying at different time using circle method. During burning, flame length, rate of the spread of fire, flame temperature and following burning fuel left and the depth of peat destruction were measured. Results of research shown that in sapric site where sapric 2 has fuel load 9 ton ha-1 less than sapric 1, fire behavior was significantly different while peat destructed was deepest in sapric 2 with 31.87 cm. In hemic site where hemic 2 has fuel load 12.3 ton ha-1 more than hemic 1, fire behavior was significantly different and peat destructed deeper than hemic 1 that was 12.6 cm. In fibric site where fibric 1 has fuel load 3.5 ton ha-1 more than fibric 1, fire behavior was significantly different that has no burnt peat found. This results found that the different fuel characteristics (potency, moisture, bed depth, and type at the same level of peat decomposition will have significantly different fire behavior as it happened also on the depth of peat destruction except fibric. The same condition occurred in the fire behavior at different level of peat decomposition.

  10. Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones. Part III. Ilam Province.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Navidpour, S.

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Seven species of scorpions belonging to three families have been previously recorded from the Ilam Province of Iran: Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807, Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905, Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880, Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889, Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903, Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900, and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861. Collections made by a team organized by Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran reveal seven other species recorded from the province for the first time: Apistobuthus susanae Lourenço, 1998, Buthacus macrocentrus (Ehrenberg, 1828, Compsobuthus jakesi Kova?ík, 2003, Odontobuthus bidentatus Lourenço et Pézier, 2002, Orthochirus iranus Kova?ík, 2004, Polisius persicus Fet, Capes et Sissom, 2001, and Vachoniolus iranus Navidpour, Kova?ík, Soleglad et Fet, 2008. Also presented is a key to all species of scorpions found in the province.

  11. Reference dose levels for dental periapical radiography in Chonnam Province

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Mi Ra; Kang, Byung Cheol; Yoon, Suk Ja [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, Dental Science Research Institute, Chonnam National University, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Jae Seo [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Chonnan National University Hospital, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Young Hee [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Chuncheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-12-15

    To establish reference doses of periapical radiography in Chonnam Province, Korea. The target-skin distances were measured for dental patient's 1235 exposures including 345 mandibular molar areas. Each periapical radiation exposure was simulated with exactly the same patients exposure parameters and the simulated radiation doses were measured utilizing Mult-O-Meter (Unfors Instruments, Billadal, Sweden). The measurements were done in 44 dental clinics with 49 dental x-ray sets in Chonnam Province for one or two weeks at each dental clinic during year 2006. The third quartile patient surface doses were 2.8 mGy for overall periapical exposures and 3.2 mGy for periapical mandibular molar exposures. The third quartile patient surface doses in Chonnam Province can be used as a guide to accepted clinical practice to reduce patient radiation exposure for the surveyed reference doses were below the recommended dental periapical radiography dose of 7 mGy by IAEA.

  12. Reference dose levels for dental periapical radiography in Chonnam Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To establish reference doses of periapical radiography in Chonnam Province, Korea. The target-skin distances were measured for dental patient's 1235 exposures including 345 mandibular molar areas. Each periapical radiation exposure was simulated with exactly the same patients exposure parameters and the simulated radiation doses were measured utilizing Mult-O-Meter (Unfors Instruments, Billadal, Sweden). The measurements were done in 44 dental clinics with 49 dental x-ray sets in Chonnam Province for one or two weeks at each dental clinic during year 2006. The third quartile patient surface doses were 2.8 mGy for overall periapical exposures and 3.2 mGy for periapical mandibular molar exposures. The third quartile patient surface doses in Chonnam Province can be used as a guide to accepted clinical practice to reduce patient radiation exposure for the surveyed reference doses were below the recommended dental periapical radiography dose of 7 mGy by IAEA.

  13. GAME RESEARCH ON STRATEGIC INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT IN PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lian-sheng DONG

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to make an in-depth analysis to mutual relations and multi-interest of the strategic investment management model in province, it utilizes the game theory, and researches the basic elements in the game model, which it establishes, including the assumptions, strategies, objectives and functions of the two players. Finally, it quotes the imperfect information static game model, and takes the first level sealed price auction game model as the quintessence to describe and analyze the game behavior in the strategic investment management in province, so that it can provide the opinion and suggestion for all the gambling players’ decision-making, meet with the economical globalization and the dog-eat-dog new situation, grasp the strategic opportunity, strengthen the management from the strategic perspective unceasingly, and upgrade the provincial economic development strength.
    Key words: Province, Strategic Investment Management, Game Theory

  14. The Mycetophagidae (Coleoptera of the Maritime Provinces of Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Majka

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The Mycetophagidae (hairy fungus beetles of the Maritime Provinces of Canada are surveyed. Seven species in the genera Mycetophagus, Litargus, and Typhaea are found in the region. Six new provincial records are reported including Mycetophagus punctatus and Mycetophagus flexuosus, whichare newly recorded in the Maritime Provinces. The distribution of all species is mapped, colour habitus photographs of all species are figured, and an identification key to species is provided. The discussion notes that four of the species found in the region are apparently rare, possibly due to the history of forest management practices in the region; a situation similar to that of a significant proportion of other saproxylic beetles found in the Maritime Provinces.

  15. Lichens from Antalya, Cankiri, Konya and Nevsehir Provinces (Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Yazici

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A contribution to the lichen flora of Turkey is performed. A total of 171 lichen taxa (including 2 subspecies and 2 varieties and 1 lichenicolous fungus are determined from 14 localities in Antalya, Çankiri, Konya and Nevsehir provinces of Turkey. Caloplaca scrobiculata H.Magn. is new to Turkey. Besides Caloplaca scrobiculata H.Magn. and Xanthoria sorediata (Vain. Poelt were found for the second time in Asia. Carbonea vitellinaria (Nyl. Hertel was found to grow on Candelariella vitellina (Hoffm. Müll.Arg. while Muellerella pymaea (Körb. D. Hawksw. var. athallina (Müll. Arg. Triebel (lichenicolous fungus on Tephromela atra (Huds. Hafellner as parasitic. All lichen taxa found in Çankiri are new to this province (92 intraspecific taxa, while 39 new to Nevsehir, 8 new to Konya and 5 new to Antalya provinces. For every each taxon, the habitat pattern and distribution data are presented.

  16. Resource assessment of low- and moderate-temperature geothermal waters in Calistoga, Napa County, California. Report of the second year, 1979-1980

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Youngs, L.G.; Bacon, C.F.; Chapman, R.H.; Chase, G.W.; Higgins, C.T.; Majmundar, H.H.; Taylor, G.C.

    1980-11-10

    Phase I studies included updating and completing the USGS GEOTHERM file for California and compiling all data needed for a California Geothermal Resources Map. Phase II studies included a program to assess the geothermal resource at Calistoga, Napa County, California. The Calistoga effort was comprised of a series of studies involving different disciplines, including geologic, hydrologic, geochemical and geophysical studies.

  17. RTG resource book for western states and provinces: Final proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-31

    The Western Interstate Energy Board held a workshop and liaison activities among western states, provinces, and utilities on the formation of Regional Transmission Groups (RTGs). Purpose of the activities was to examine the policy implications for western states and provinces in the formation of RTGs in the West, the implications for western ratepayers and utilities of the RTG formation and potential impacts of RTGs on the western electricity system. The workshop contributed to fulfilling the transmission access and competition objectives of Title VII of the Energy Policy Act of 1992.

  18. Note on Cladonia species (lichenized Ascomycota from Ardahan province (Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Osyczka

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper is the first report on Cladonia species from Ardahan, a north-eastern province of Turkey. A circumpolar boreal-low arctic species, Cladonia acuminata, rarely reported from Asia, and the recently described Cladonia monomorpha are reported as new for Turkey. Their detailed descriptions and taxonomical remarks are provided. Localities of other ascertained Cladonia species in the province supplement the knowledge of their distribution patterns in the country. In addition, the typically corticolous/lignicolous species Vulpicida pinastri is mentioned as also growing on primary squamules and podetia of C. pyxidata.

  19. ??????????? Analytical Investigation of New Energy Power Generation in Yunnan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ???

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? Facing the increasingly serious problems of environmental pollution and resource depletion, new energy power generation which is economic and environmental attracts more and more attention of us. Yunnan Province has huge reserves of new energy, such as wind, solar, biomass, and shale gas, and its potential development is considerable. This paper analyzes the problems of new energy development in Yunnan Province from two aspects: advantages and challenges in the development of new energy, and introduces a kind of wind-light-storage complementary system which is suitable for the characteristics of Yunnan power grid.

  20. Magmatic systems of large continental igneous province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharkov, Evgenii

    2014-05-01

    Large igneous provinces (LIPs) of the modern type are known from the middle Paleoproterozoic and have a great abundance in the Phanerozoic. The most researches considered their appearance with ascending of the mantle thermochemical superplumes which provided simultaneously eruption of the same type of lavas on the huge territories. Judging on presence among them different subprovinces, formation of concrete magmatic systems were linked with protuberances (secondary plumes) on the superplumes surfaces. We suggest that origin of such plumes was linked with local enrichment of upper part of the superplumes head beneath roofing by fluid components; it led to lowering of the plume material density and initiated ascending of the secondary plumes. As a result, their heads, where partial melting occurred, can reach the level of the upper crust as it follows from absence of lower-crustal rocks among xenoliths in basalts, although mantle xenoliths existed in them. Important feature of LIPs is presence of two major types of mafic lavas: (1) geochemical-enriched alkali Fe-Ti basalts and picrites, and (2) basalts of normal alkalinity (tholeiites) with different contents of TiO2. At that the first type of mafites are usually typical for lower parts of LIPs which initially developed as continental rifts, whereas the second type composed the upper part of the traps' cover. Magmatic systems of the LIPs are subdivided on three levels of different deep: (1) zones of magma generation, (2) areas of transitional magma chambers where large often layered intrusive bodies are formed, and (3) areas on surface where lava eruptions and subvolcanic intrusions occurred. All these levels are linked by feeder dykes. The least known element of the system is area of magma generation, and, especially, composition of melting substratum. Important information about it is contained in aforementioned mantle xenoliths in alkali basalts and basanites. They practically everywhere are represented by two major series: (1) "green" - spinel peridotite (maily lherzolite) and minor spinel pyroxenite (websterites), and (2) "black" - wehrlite, Al-Ti-augite and hornblende clinopyroxenite, hornblendite, etc., and megacrysts of Al-Ti-augite, kaersutite, ilmenite, sanidine, etc. They often contain vesicles which evidence that their crystallization occurred from fluid-saturated melts. The rocks of this series form veins in peridotite matrix. So, two types of material participated in melting process: moderate-depleted peridotites and geochemical-enriched phase - fluid-saturated melts or high-density fluid. Because the both types of xenoliths are fragments of upper cooled rim of mantle plume head above magma-generation zone, we suggest that they together represent material, which composed plume head and accordingly - the melting substratum. At that the fluid phase exactly provided specific composition of basaltic melts at the initial stages of LIPs development, typical for intraplate settings. The middle level of magmatic systems is represented by transitional magmatic chambers (now large layered mafic-ultramafic intrusions), where newly-formed magmas were accumulated, undergone by crystallizing differentiation, mixing and crustal contamination. Such transformed in a variable degree magmas continued their way to surface led to general diversity of magmatic rocks, erupted on the surface; contribution of subvolcanic magmatic chambers was, probably, small. So, systematic study of processes in LIPs' magmatic systems as a whole can help to reveal processes of primary magmas transformation and thereby to determine their initial composition and source material.

  1. 76 FR 80870 - Notice of Determination of Pest-Free Areas in Mendoza Province, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-27

    ...Pest-Free Areas in Mendoza Province, Argentina AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection...southern half of Mendoza Province in Argentina as pest-free areas for Mediterranean...review of the documentation submitted by Argentina's national plant protection...

  2. Sources of income differences across Chinese provinces during the reform period: a development accounting exercise

    OpenAIRE

    Hao, Rui

    2011-01-01

    China's rapid and uneven growth since 1978 has not eliminated but even re- inforced the persistent income inequality across provinces. While existing literature focuses mainly on the provincial variation in growth performance using cross-province growth regressions or growth accounting, few efforts has been made to directly study the differences in income levels across provinces. This paper explores the proximate causes of cross-province income differences in the framework of development acco...

  3. From Friendship Provinces to University Teacher/Student Exchange

    OpenAIRE

    Kao-walter, Sharon; Huang, Yayu

    2009-01-01

    The establishment of the province friendship between Blekinge (Sweden) and Yunnan (China) has lead to a coperation agreement between two local Universities: Blekinge Institute of Technology and Kunming University of Science and Technology. It leads to the development of the cooperation of two provices in the fields of culture, business and education.

  4. Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones. Part VII. Kerman Province.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Navidpour, S.

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Thirteen species of scorpions belonging to two families are reported from the Kerman Province of Iran. Of these, the species Compsobuthus kaftani Kova?ík, 2003, Mesobuthus macmahoni (Pocock, 1900, Orthochirus farzanpayi (Vachon et Farzanpay, 1987, Polisius persicus Fet, Capes et Sissom, 2001, Sassanidotus gracilis (Birula, 1900, and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861 are recorded from the province for the first time. Kerman Province contains type localities of six species of scorpions, of which Kraepelinia palpator (Birula, 1903 and Orthochirus gruberi Kova?ík et Fet, 2006 are valid. Prionurus crassicauda orientalis Birula, 1900 is a synonym of Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807, Buthus eupeus kirmanensis Birula, 1900 and Buthus pachysoma Birula, 1900 are probably synonyms of Mesobuthus eupeus persicus (Pocock, 1899, and Buthus gabrielis Werner, 1929, according to published information and occurrences near the type locality, probably is a synonym of Sassanidotus gracilis (Birula, 1900. These taxonomic problems are discussed below. Also, Buthus atrostriatus Pocock, 1897 is transferred to genus Compsobuthus. A key to all species of scorpions found in Kerman Province is presented.

  5. Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part III. Ilam Province.

    OpenAIRE

    Navidpour, S.; Fet, V.; Kovar?i?k, F.; Soleglad, M. E.

    2008-01-01

    Seven species of scorpions belonging to three families have been previously recorded from the Ilam Province of Iran: Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807), Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905), Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880), Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889), Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903), Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900), and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861. Collections made by a team organized by Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Rese...

  6. Malaria Epidemiology in Mersin Province, Turkey from 2002 to 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M F AYDIN

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Malaria is an infectious disease caused by Plasmodium spp. with high morbidity and mortality in human in tropical and subtropical regions. In recent years, number of malaria cases has been significantly reduced because of fight with the disease in Turkey. This study intended to investigate the malaria epidemiology in Mersin Province from 2002 to 2011 using data from the provincial Public Health Directorate.Methods: Over ten years, 303573 blood samples were taken from the people by active and passive surveillance methods and blood smears were prepared. Smears were stained with Giemsa and examined under the microscope.Results: Totally, 73 people including 44 male and 29 female were positive in terms of Plasmodium spp. It was determined that P. vivax observed in 67 cases while P. falciparum in 6 cases. Cases were mainly observed in 15 to 44 years old range, showed an increase between June-September periods and a significant decrease after 2006. Out of the 73 malaria cases, 54 cases were from Mersin Province and 13 cases were imported from another province of Turkey. Six cases were transmitted from abroad.Conclusion: These results provide information about malaria epidemiology in an endemic area in Turkey and contribute its prevention in Mersin Province

  7. Special Education in the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Peter R.; Matthews, Barbara S.

    The report is based on a study of special education in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The educational structure of the province is discussed in the first section, with information on administration and policy formation. Information on general education at the preschool, primary, and adult levels is presented along with an overview of special education…

  8. Child Maltreatment among School Children in the Kurdistan Province, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenson, Rob; Sheikhattari, Payam; Assasi, Nazilla; Eftekhar, Hassan; Zamani, Qasem; Maleki, Bahram; Kiabayan, Hamid

    2006-01-01

    Objective: This study examines the determinants of three types of child maltreatment: physical maltreatment, mental maltreatment, and child neglect among school children in the Kurdistan Province of Iran. The analysis examines the impact of socioeconomic, familial, demographic, and household dynamic factors on the three child maltreatment…

  9. Peste des Petits Ruminants Virus in Heilongjiang Province, China, 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Miao; Wang, Shida; Liu, Zaisi; Shen, Nan; Si, Wei; Sun, Gang; Drewe, Julian A.; Cai, Xuehui

    2015-01-01

    During March 25–May 5, 2014, we investigated 11 outbreaks of peste des petits ruminants in Heilongjiang Province, China. We found that the most likely source of the outbreaks was animals from livestock markets in Shandong. Peste des petits ruminants viruses belonging to lineages II and IV were detected in sick animals. PMID:25811935

  10. A local cluster of achalasia in a province of Crete.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galanakis, E; Gardikis, S; Vlachakis, J; Kokori, H; Charissis, G; Sbyrakis, S

    2000-02-01

    Achalasia has a largely obscure aetiology and is uncommon in childhood. We report three cases of otherwise well children, residents of a small province of Crete, two of them female cousins. This cluster probably indicates an autosomal recessive trait of inheritance. All three children were surgically treated (Heller cardiomyotomy combined with Nissen fundoplication), with excellent results. PMID:10709899

  11. Evaluation of Health Care System Reform in Hubei Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuping Sang

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This study established a set of indicators for and evaluated the effects of health care system reform in Hubei Province (China from 2009 to 2011 with the purpose of providing guidance to policy-makers regarding health care system reform. The resulting indicators are based on the “Result Chain” logic model and include the following four domains: Inputs and Processes, Outputs, Outcomes and Impact. Health care system reform was evaluated using the weighted TOPSIS and weighted Rank Sum Ratio methods. Ultimately, the study established a set of indicators including four grade-1 indicators, 16 grade-2 indicators and 76 grade-3 indicators. The effects of the reforms increased year by year from 2009 to 2011 in Hubei Province. The health status of urban and rural populations and the accessibility, equity and quality of health services in Hubei Province were improved after the reforms. This sub-national case can be considered an example of a useful approach to the evaluation of the effects of health care system reform, one that could potentially be applied in other provinces or nationally.

  12. [An epidemic focus of tularemia in the Province of Siena].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pippi, L; Toti, M; Alegente, G

    1985-07-14

    After a brief account of the epidemiology of tularaemia in Tuscany, a small epidemic focus recorded in the Monte Amiata area in 1982, the first in the Province of Siena, is described. The importance of Mollaret's serum diagnosis for the recognition of current and earlier tularaemia infections is noted. PMID:4022428

  13. Evaluation of health care system reform in Hubei Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sang, Shuping; Wang, Zhenkun; Yu, Chuanhua

    2014-02-01

    This study established a set of indicators for and evaluated the effects of health care system reform in Hubei Province (China) from 2009 to 2011 with the purpose of providing guidance to policy-makers regarding health care system reform. The resulting indicators are based on the "Result Chain" logic model and include the following four domains: Inputs and Processes, Outputs, Outcomes and Impact. Health care system reform was evaluated using the weighted TOPSIS and weighted Rank Sum Ratio methods. Ultimately, the study established a set of indicators including four grade-1 indicators, 16 grade-2 indicators and 76 grade-3 indicators. The effects of the reforms increased year by year from 2009 to 2011 in Hubei Province. The health status of urban and rural populations and the accessibility, equity and quality of health services in Hubei Province were improved after the reforms. This sub-national case can be considered an example of a useful approach to the evaluation of the effects of health care system reform, one that could potentially be applied in other provinces or nationally. PMID:24566052

  14. Prevalence of HTLV-1 infection in Golestan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    kalavi KH

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and objectives: Human T-Lymphocyte Virus-1 (HTLV- 1 is known as the etiologic factor of acute T-Lymphocytic Leukemia (ATL and tropical spastic paralysis. (TSP. Endemic factors causing infection with Human T Lymphocyte Virus-1 (HTLV-1 is based on environmental, socio-economical and health behaviors of the individuals. This virus is well distributed in families with involved members. Golestan province is located in North West part of Northern Khorasan province that had already been known as an endemic area for HTLV-1. This virus is also known as the main etiologic factor for cancers and ATL, therefore; we studied the prevalence of HTLV-1 seroepidemiology in Golestan province. Material and Methods: The subjects selected by cluster sampling were 2034 healthy cases residing in different parts of Golestan province. ELISA method using Dia- pro anti HTLV-1 antibody kits was applied for serological assessment. Western Blot (HTLV BLOT 2.4 was used for confirmation purposes. Results: The subjects aged 38.66±16.54 were 2034 healthy persons. Forty-one point seven of these cases were males and the rest females. Based on ELISA method there were15 HTLV-1 positive cases (0.7%. -1. (0.7% Six out of 15 were confirmed by western blot method (95%, CI: 0.06-0.53%. The highest prevalence sigllificant aiology is in the highat rate in 31-40 year old gro0.7%. onclusion: This study shows that HTLV-1 is prevalent in Golestan the same as the other parts of the world. There fere: we urse on performing screening test (HTLV- on donated blood components before delivering (OK labeling. Key words: HTLV-1, Seroepidemiology, ELISA, Western Blot, Golestan ATL(Acute T lymphocytic Leukemia Six cases out of 15 were confirmed by western blot method (95%, CI: 0.06-0.53%. The highest prevalence was 2.6% seen in Kalaleh city (east part of the province [95%, Cl: 0.06-0.53%. There was significant difference between the prevalence of HTLV-1 and the dwelling place. (p=002. HTLV-1 seroepidemiology was in the highest rate in 31-40 year old group (0.7%. Conclusion: This study shows that HTLV-1 is prevalent in Golestan province, the same as the other parts of the world. Therefore, we recommend performing screening test (HTLV- on donated blood components before delivering (OK labeling. Key words: HTLV-1, Seroepidemiology, ELISA, Western Blot, Golestan province, ATL (Acute T lymphocytic Leukemia

  15. An Epidemiological Study of Psychiatric Disorders in Hamadan Province , 2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.R. Mohammadi

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available The burden of psychiatric disorders in the developed countries has been identified by the screening questionnaires and standard clinical interviews at a high level, but the epidemiological studies of psychiatric disorders in our country are brief and their numbers are few. Planning for providing essential mental health services to the people requires us to be knowledgeable about the present status of psychiatric disorders in the society. The objective of this research was to carry out the epidemiological study of the psychiatric disorders in the individuals 18 years and above in urban and rural areas of Hamadan province. 664 individuals selected through randomized clustered and systematic sampling methods among the existing families of Hamadan province and the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (SADS questionnaires completed by the clinical psychologist. The diagnosis of the disorders was based on DSM-IV classification criteria.The results of the study showed that the overall prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the province was 11.28% (17.2% in women , 5.8% in men. The anxiety and mood disorders with 5.87 and 2.71% respectively had the highest prevalence in the province. The prevalence of psychotic disorders in this study was 0.60% , neuro- cognitive disorders 1.35% and dissociative disorders 0.75%. In the group of mood disorders, major depression with 2.56% and in the group of anxiety disorders, phobia with 2.56% had the higher prevalence. This study showed that 8.13% of studied individuals suffered from at least one of the psychiatric disorders. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the province among the individuals in the age group of 66 years and above was 13.33%, individuals whose spouses had passed away 18.75%, urban residents of province 9.81%, illiterate individuals 12.80% and housewife individuals 12.31% was more than other individuals in the sample. Being aware of this matter reveals the responsibility of the health policy makers and programmers in prevention, treatment and medical education more than before , in relation to preparing application and executive plans in Hamadan province for mental health.

  16. The usefulness of the Korean version of modified Mini-Mental State Examination (K-mMMSE) for dementia screening in community dwelling elderly people

    OpenAIRE

    Cho Ki-Hyun; Jeong Seul-Ki; Kim Jae-Min

    2004-01-01

    Abstract Background We assessed whether the Korean version of modified Mini-Mental State Examination (K-mMMSE) has improved performance as a screening test for cognitive impairment or dementia in a general population compared with the Korean Mini-Mental State Examination (K-MMSE). Methods Screening interviews were conducted with people aged 65 and over in Noam-dong, Namwon-city, Jeonbuk province. There were 522 community participants, of whom 235 underwent clinical and neuropsychological exam...

  17. Comparisons of obesity assessments in over-weight elementary students using anthropometry, BIA, CT and DEXA

    OpenAIRE

    Yu, Ok-kyeong; Rhee, Yang-keun; Park, Tae-sun; Cha, Youn-soo

    2010-01-01

    Obesity was characterized in Korean elementary students using different obesity assessment tests on 103 overweight elementary students from three schools of Jeonbuk Province. The body mass index (BMI) and obesity index (OI) were compared, and the data using DEXA and CT were compared with the data using BIA and a tape measure. The results of this study are as follows: first, 27 students who were classified as obese by OI were classified as overweight by BMI, and 3 students who were classified ...

  18. Seroprevalence of Toxocariasis in Children in East- Azerbaijan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yagoob Garedaghi

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Toxocariasis is a zoonotic disease caused by the ascarid of dogs and cats, the main representative of which is a Toxocara canis. Distribution of the disease is world wide and is more prevalent in children. The present study was carried out in children of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran, to determine the toxocariasis seropositivity. Material and Methods: For the present seroepidemiological study, blood samples were collected at random from children of all the five districts of the East Azerbaijan Province. A total of 336 children, 187 males and 149 females in age group of 0-15 years were selected for the present study. ELISA was used for detection of IgG antibodies against Toxocara excretory secretary antigen. A questionnaire interview was conducted to obtain the data concerning their age, sex and habits. The particular points in the questionnaire asked were recorded on the format right on the spot. Results: Gender was found to be a significant risk factor for the Toxocara infection in children population. Male children were found more infected (41.71% as compared to females (24.16%. The total seroprevalence of T. canis antibodies in children of East Azerbaijan Province was 29.46 %. The risk factors that were found associated with the infection of toxocariasis in children population of East Azerbaijan Province include family back ground, status of living conditions, awareness, etc. Conclusion: The present study reveals high prevalence of T. canis infection in children of East Azerbaijan Province. It is important to raise the awareness of health professionals, public and educators to the fact that toxocariasis is a public health problem. Health promotion by means of a school based educational approach, diagnosis and continuous programme of treatment are necessary. [Cukurova Med J 2013; 38(4.000: 581-586

  19. Eruption frequency record of the Syrtis Major Volcanic Province, Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Platz, Thomas; Jodlowski, Piotr; Michael, Gregory

    2013-04-01

    Syrtis Major is one of the most prominent Hesperian-aged volcanic provinces on Mars, located near the dichotomy boundary, west of Isidis Planitia. It extends over approximately 740,000 km² and has a N-S elongated central depression containing the calderas of Meroe Patera and Nili Patera. Lava thicknesses range from approximately 0.5-1.0 km and total volume of erupted material has been estimated at about 320,000 km³. This province is another target area of our ongoing study to quantify the global volatile release during volcanic eruptions on Mars. Estimates of eruption frequency, associated volume of erupted material, and gas release to the atmosphere are the key parameters of this research. Reconstruction of the eruption history of volcanic provinces is one of the steps to be taken in order to constrain these parameters. In total, 58 lava flows were mapped of which 39 were suitable for age determination using crater size-frequency distributions. In addition, the caldera of Meroe Patera was also dated using crater statistics. Model ages range between 0.87 Ga and 3.63 Ga. There is no apparent time-space correlation observed. The broad spectrum of model ages, ranging from Early Hesperian to Middle Amazonian, points to long-lasting volcanic activity of the studied province. This fact together with post-emplacement deformation of lava flows indicates a much longer eruption and volcano-tectonic history of the Syrtis Major Volcanic Province than previously thought, extending it to the Middle Amazonian period

  20. A Mesoproterozoic continental flood rhyolite province, the Gawler Ranges, Australia: the end member example of the Large Igneous Province clan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. J. Pankhurst

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Rhyolite and dacite lavas of the Mesoproterozoic upper Gawler Range Volcanics (GRV (>30 000 km3 preserved, South Australia, represent the remnants of one of the most voluminous felsic magmatic events preserved on Earth. Geophysical interpretation suggests eruption from a central cluster of feeder vents which supplied large-scale lobate flows >100 km in length. Pigeonite inversion thermometers indicate eruption temperatures of 950–1100 °C. The lavas are A-type in composition (e.g. high Ga/Al ratios and characterised by elevated primary halogen concentrations (~1600 ppm fluorine, ~400 ppm chlorine. These depolymerised the magma such that temperature-composition-volatile non-Arrhenian melt viscosity modelling suggests they had viscosities of <3.5 log ? (Pa s. These physicochemical properties have led to the emplacement of a Large Rhyolite Province, which has affinities in emplacement style to Large Basaltic Provinces. The low viscosity of these felsic magmas has produced a unique igneous system on a scale which is either not present or poorly preserved elsewhere on the planet. The Gawler Range Volcanic Province represents the erupted portion of the felsic end member of the family of voluminous, rapidly emplaced terrestrial magmatic provinces.

  1. A mesoproterozoic continental flood rhyolite province, the Gawler Ranges, Australia: the end member example of the Large Igneous Province clan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. J. Pankhurst

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Rhyolite and dacite lavas of the Mesoproterozoic upper Gawler Range Volcanics (GRV (>30 000 km3 preserved, South Australia, represent the remnants of one of the most voluminous felsic magmatic events preserved on Earth. Geophysical interpretation suggests eruption from a central cluster of feeder vents which supplied large-scale lobate flows >100 km in length. Pigeonite inversion thermometers indicate eruption temperatures of 950–1100 °C. The lavas are A-type in composition (e.g. high Ga/Al ratios and characterised by elevated primary halogen concentrations (~1600 ppm Fluorine, ~400 ppm Chlorine. These depolymerised the magma such that temperature-composition-volatile non-Arrhenian melt viscosity modelling suggests they had viscosities of <3.5 log ? (Pa s. These physicochemical properties have led to the emplacement of a Large Rhyolite Province, which has affinities in emplacement style to Large Basaltic Provinces. The low viscosity of these felsic magmas has produced a unique igneous system on a scale which is either not present or poorly preserved elsewhere on the planet. The Gawler Range Volcanic Province represents the erupted portion of the felsic end member of the family of voluminous, rapidly emplaced terrestrial magmatic provinces.

  2. Issues Existing in the Capital Market in Jilin Province and Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong Li

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Development of the capital market has attracted external sources of finance to the great extent, promoted Jilin Province to change from an old industrial base to an advanced international manufacturing base and greatly enhanced the overall economic strength of Jilin Province. Nonetheless, considering the current situation, mobility of capital in economy of Jilin Province is not yet strong and insufficient capital is still an impediment to constrain economic and social development of Jilin Province. Through a survey and analysis of the development condition of capital market in Jilin Province, this article expounds the major problems existing in development of capital market in Jilin Province and puts forward solutions for development of capital market in Jilin Province.

  3. The Brazil-Angola alkaline - carbonatite province and its main economic aspects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The principal characteristics of the Brazil-Angola Alkaline Carbonatite Province are defined and described with specific reference to tectonic setting and economic aspects. The economic aspects of the Brazilian uranium deposits are emphasised. The Brazil-Angola Alkaline-Carbonatite Province can be divided into six Brazilian sub-provinces and two Angolan sub-provinces. Correlation between the sub-provinces of Brazil and Angola remains speculative due to the lack of detailed information, especially age determinations on the Angolan rocks. However, an analysis of the tectonic and petrochemical aspects suggests that the two Brazilian sub-provinces situated along the littoral of Rio de Janeiro/ Sao Paulo and around the periphery of the Parana Basin may be more easily comparable to the two Angolan sub-provinces than the remaining four. (Author)

  4. Development of Indicators of Cyberbullying among Youths in Songkhla Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanyakorn Tudkuea

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to develop indicators and to test the goodness of fit of the structural relationship model of indicators of cyberbullying among youths in Songkhla Province. The study was conducted with 480 youths, and confirmatory factor analysis was performed.The results of the study revealed that the indicators of cyberbullying among youths in Songkhla Province consisted of five factors with twenty-four indicators. The factor with the highest weight was slandering (b=0.90 consisting of five indicators, followed by revealing other people’s personal secrets (b=0.89 consisting of five indicators; identity theft (b=0.88 consisting of five indicators; deleting or blocking others from the group (b=0.65 consisting of four indicators; and flaming (b=0.17 consisting of five indicators. The linear structural model of cyberbullying among youths was in statistically significant congruence with empirical data.

  5. Village chicken production in Turkey: Tokat province example.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sekeroglu, A; Aksimsek, S D

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this work was to reveal the current form of village chicken production in Tokat province of Turkey. A survey was applied to 153 randomly selected farmers of 5 subdistricts in Tokat province. The ratios of domestic fowls in the survey region were as follows: hen 98.83%, goose 0.65%, turkey 0.29% and duck 0.16% (P brown (8.63%) and mixed color (88.60%). The hen farms in this region consisted of native breeds (91.42%), commercial breeds (5.71%) and their crosses (2.85%). The mean egg weight of the village hens was between 30 and 40 g. Wheat (65.73%) and mixed (wheat, barley, maize and kitchen refuse) feed (34.22%) were used to supplement the hens (P eggs under the broody hens was between 11.39 and 12.42 (P < 0.05). PMID:18446442

  6. The fauna of hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae of Vojvodina province, Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedeljkovi? Zorica

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Many hoverfly species of faunal and zoogeographical interest are found in Serbia's northern province of Vojvodina due to the diversity of its biotopes. In this paper, the presence of 252 species of hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae from 69 genera is documented. Five species are here recorded for the first time in Serbia: Anasimyia contracta Claussen & Torp Pedersen, 1980; Anasimyia transfuga (Linnaeus, 1758; Eristalinus megacephalus (Rossi, 1794; Helophilus hybridus Loew, 1846; and Mallota fuciformis (Fabricius, 1794. One species is recorded for the first time in Vojvodina: Cheilosia brunnipennis (Becker, 1894. The records of 12 species from Vojvodina Province are the only ones on the Balkan Peninsula, while the records of 15 species are the only ones in Serbia.

  7. Advances and prospects for induced mutation breeding in Helongjiang Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Induced mutation breeding employed on soybean, spring wheat, maize, millet, fiber flax, chinese cabbage, kidney been and garlic in Heilongjiang province. Thirty-six new varieties had introduced and released from 1980 to 1994, made up 20.6% of total released varieties for the same period, accumulated cultivated area of 3.746 million hm2, and increased the income of formers to US dollar 168 million; 72 mutants having specific and utilizing values and traits have also been bred in the province. Basic research such as radiation breeding in combination with distant hybridization, biotechnology, and application new induced factors, improving selection methods, have been achieved; 91 articles have been published. These researches play an important role for increasing induced mutation breeding. Three items of suggestion to develop induced mutation breeding are made. (1 tab.)

  8. Accounting for variation in wind deployment between Canadian provinces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferguson-Martin, Christopher J. [Environmental and Resource Studies, Trent University, 1600 West Bank Drive, Peterborough, Ontario, K7J 7B8 (Canada); Hill, Stephen D., E-mail: stephenhill@trentu.c [Environmental and Resource Studies, Trent University, 1600 West Bank Drive, Peterborough, Ontario, K7J 7B8 (Canada)

    2011-03-15

    Wind energy deployment varies widely across regions and this variation cannot be explained by differences in natural wind resources alone. Evidence suggests that institutional factors beyond physical wind resources can influence the deployment of wind energy systems. Building on the work of , this study takes a historical institutionalist approach to examine the main factors influencing wind energy deployment across four Canadian provinces Canada: Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario and Nova Scotia. Our case studies suggest that wind energy deployment depends upon a combination of indirect causal factors-landscape values, political and social movements, government electricity policy, provincial electricity market structure and incumbent generation technologies and direct causal factors-grid architecture, ownership patterns, renewable incentive programs, planning and approvals processes and stakeholder support and opposition. - Research highlights: {yields} Examines the reasons for variations in wind deployment between Canadian provinces. {yields} Employs a historical institutional approach to the analysis. {yields} Discusses social factors that affect wind deployment across Canadian jurisdictions.

  9. Demand Response in the West: Lessons for States and Provinces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Douglas C. Larson; Matt Lowry; Sharon Irwin

    2004-06-29

    OAK-B135 This paper is submitted in fulfillment of DOE Grant No. DE-FG03-015F22369 on the experience of western states/provinces with demand response (DR) in the electricity sector. Demand-side resources are often overlooked as a viable option for meeting load growth and addressing the challenges posed by the region's aging transmission system. Western states should work together with utilities and grid operators to facilitate the further deployment of DR programs which can provide benefits in the form of decreased grid congestion, improved system reliability, market efficiency, price stabilization, hedging against volatile fuel prices and reduced environmental impacts of energy production. This report describes the various types of DR programs; provides a survey of DR programs currently in place in the West; considers the benefits, drawbacks and barriers to DR; and presents lessons learned and recommendations for states/provinces.

  10. Estimation of life expectancy in Sistan and Baluchestan province, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Fatemeh Roostaee; Jhila Roostaee; Hamid Mohammadi; Bahram Donyavi; Razieh Keykhaie; Javad Sharifi-Rad; Paridokht Shahrak; Mahdiyeh Adrom; Fatemeh Soroush

    2014-01-01

    Background: Life expectancy deals with the overall level of population health thoroughly considering the effect of mortality. Life expectancy is defined as the expected number of years of life remaining at a given age of people who living in a specific country. This study aimed to estimate life expectancy for the Sistan and Baluchestan province and all its cities based on gender. Methods: This study is a descriptive analytical study. For the analysis of the objectives the required data are...

  11. Radon assessment in thermal waters in Imbabura and Pichincha provinces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radon is a radioactive, odorless and colorless gas, that generated in the terrestrial crust by the radioactive decay of the radio, originating of the chain of disintegration of the Uranium-238, can migrate considerable distances during its short time of life (3.82 days), from the ground to the water and later to the atmosphere. For the accomplishment of the preliminary study of quantification of radon in thermal sources, it was come to the sampling from radon-222 in bath waters different from the provinces of Pichincha and Imbabura. For which a particle accountant was used alpha, that uses the method of flashing, emitted by ionizing particles at the moment at which the radium decays in its descendant radon, and this one in its next descendants. The water samples are analyzed in the Pylon model RM-1003, particle accountant alpha, that uses for the harvesting of the gas, cameras that contain sensible detectors activated zinc sulfide cells with silver. For this sampling it was taken into account qualitative factors like: rain temperature, presence, origin of the source, proximity of some hill or volcano, presence of seismic movements, among others. These parameters could affect to the measurements of concentration of radon. Of the obtained results, we can conclude that of the 13 bath, those of the province of Pichincha, specially three of them (Tesalia, Sillunchi, Cunuyacu), contain greater concentration of radon that those of the province of Imbabura. In addition inf the province of Imbabura. In addition in general for all the selected bath it was verified that the concentration of radon is greater for the source than for the swimming pool. Finally it is possible to be emphasized values of concentration of radon that are around 1000-15000 Bq/m3 for the source, and the swimming pool of 100-800 Bq/m3. (The author)

  12. Herpetofauna of the Bilsa Biological Station, province of Esmeraldas, Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Ortega-andrade, H. M.; Bermingham, J.; Aulestia, C.; Paucar, C.

    2010-01-01

    The Bilsa Biological Station is located on the Mache-Chindul mountains and protects some of the last rainforestremnants in the province of Esmeraldas, northwestern Ecuador. Since 2004, we have been inventorying the amphibiansand reptiles of Bilsa. We found 109 species of herpetofauna (37 amphibians and 72 reptiles), representing 8 % and 18% of the known species from Ecuador, respectively. We report distribution extensions for Sachatamia albomaculata,Hyalinobatrachium valerioi, Pristimantis mu...

  13. Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part II. Bushehr Province.

    OpenAIRE

    Soleglad, M. E.; Fet, V.; Navidpour, S.; Kovar?i?k, F.

    2008-01-01

    The Bushehr Province of Iran contains the type localities of three scorpion taxa, Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889), Orthochirus iranus Kova?ík, 2004, and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900). Apart from them, Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807), Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905), Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880), Odontobuthus bidentatus Lourenço & Pézier, 2002, Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903), and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1862 have also been known to occur ...

  14. An investigation of gamma background radiation in Hamadan province, Iran

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The general population, everywhere in the world is exposed to a small dose of ionising radiation from natural sources. Stochastic effects such as cancer and genetic disorders are caused when living creatures are exposed to low doses. In Iran, it is measured in some cities, especially in high-background areas such as Ramsar, but so far there is no measurement in the Hamadan province. Hamadan is located in the west of Iran. Measurements were performed using a RDS-110 survey meter, CaSO4:Dy thermoluminescence dosimetries (TLDs) and a Harshaw 4000 TLD reader. To estimate the dose rate outdoors, four stations along the main directions (north, south, west and east) and one in the town centre were selected. Mean annual X and gamma equivalent dose in Hamadan province are 1.12±0.22 and 1.66±0.07 mSv, which related to RDS-110 survey meter and TLDs measurements, respectively. The TLDs and RDS-110 results are representative of the external photon radiation doses for the selected monitoring locations and for those locations for the hours during which the measurements were taken, respectively. Maximum and minimum of external photon radiation doses are related to Hamadan and Kaboudar-Ahang towns, respectively. According to the results of the study, it seems that the annual X and gamma equivalent dose in Hamadan province exceeded the global mean external exposure amounts by the UNSCEAR, and further studies are needed to measure internal exposures to determine the total eernal exposures to determine the total environmental radiation level in Hamadan province. (authors)

  15. Planting dates zoning of safflower varieties in Esfahan province

    OpenAIRE

    Yasari, T.; Khoshhal, J.; Shahsavari, M. R.

    2013-01-01

    Extended abstract1- IntroductionTiming coincidence of plant growth and development to suitable climatic conditions is on of the main factor for spring safflower increasing yield. Thus determining and zoning of safflower planting dates is very important. The highest planted area of spring safflower is belonged to Esfahan province. Delay in planting of spring safflower cause faster development, earlier flowering and lower photosynthetic area and these consequently lower yield and yield componen...

  16. PHYSIC NUT ( JATROPHA CURCAS L.) DISEASES IN LAMPUNG PROVINCE

    OpenAIRE

    TRI MARYONO; CIPTA GINTING

    2009-01-01

    Intensifi ed cultivation of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) could raise the importance of plant diseases. h e objectives of this research were to diagnose diseases occurring on physic nut in Lampung Province and to determine their intensity. Field observation was conducted in four districts: South Lampung, Tanggamus, Bandarlampung, and Tulang Bawang. Disease intensity, whether expressed as disease incidence or severity, was recorded from plant samples determined by making diagonal lines ...

  17. The Spectrum of ? -Thalassemia Mutations in Isfahan Province of Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Derakhshandeh-peykar, P.; Hourfar, H.; Heidari, M.; Kheirollahi, M.; Miryounesi, M.

    2008-01-01

    Background: ? -thalassemia is a common autosomal recessive disorder resulting from over 200 different mutations of beta globin genes. The aim of the present study was to identify the distribution and frequency of the most common ? -thalassemia mutations among the population of Isfahan Province in central Iran. Methods: The data presented here were derived from a total of 114 ? -thalassemia chromosomes of 18 affected patients and 78 unrelated carriers identified in our screening program. Fu...

  18. The Alto Paraguay Alkaline Province: petrographic, geochemical and geochronological characteristics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Alto Paraguay Province is located at the border of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul and Paraguay, between the coordinates 21 deg 10'to 23 deg 25'of Southern latitude and 57 deg 10' to 58 deg 00', having the city of Porto Murtinho as the main reference point. The geotectonic domain of the area is governed by the precambric units of the Southern extreme of the Amazonic craton which developed a long and accentuated activity, giving rise to folds and important faults, that in several cases seem to have exerted an effective control of the magmatic manifestations. Radiometric data indicate that the emplacement of the syenitic bodies took place in the Permo-Triassic period, with a major incidence in the interval 260-240 Ma, representing thus, an important phase of alkaline magmatic affinity associated to the Parana Basin which is believed is to be unique, since the other known areas (Central, Amambay and Rio Apa Provinces, Paraguay, Velasco Province, Bolivia) are considerably younger (140-120 Ma). Syenitic rocks from the Alto Paraguay Province show wide variation in the ratio 87 Sr/86 Sr (0.703361 - 0.707734). Excluding the Cerro Boggiani rocks (0.703837-0.707734), values for the nepheline syenites (0.703361-0.703672) general lower than those of the other syenites types. Alkaline syenites cover the interval 0.703510- 0.703872, while quartz syenites and syenogranites are 0.704562 and 0.707076, respectively. geologic evidence, in addition to petrographic, geochemical and isotopic (Sr) data, suggest that the syenitic rocks have been derived from an unique mantelic parental liquid, by fractional crystallization and assimilation processes, which are assumed to be occurred during the emplacement of the magma in the crust. (author)

  19. Maternal and child health in Yushu, Qinghai Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Tsering Ojen; Lhamo Karma; Dongdrup Phuntsok; Drogha Sonam; Freytsis Maria; Wiebenga Mariette; Deutsch Karen; Cc, Lee Anne; Wellhoner Mary; Tseyongjee; Khandro Dawa; Mullany Luke C; Weingrad Lee

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Introduction Surmang, Qinghai Province is a rural nomadic Tibetan region in western China recently devastated by the 2010 Yushu earthquake; little information is available on access and coverage of maternal and child health services. Methods A cross-sectional household survey was conducted in August 2004. 402 women of reproductive age (15-50) were interviewed regarding their pregnancy history, access to and utilization of health care, and infant and child health care practices. Resul...

  20. Potential for private wind capacity in the Dutch province Friesland

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of a study on the problems and bottlenecks and possible solutions with regard to the implementation of wind energy for private persons in the Dutch province Friesland are presented and discussed. The problems are the fitting in of the wind turbine capacity into the grid, the processing of the large number of requests for subsidies, the danger of proliferation, and the availability of sufficient sites. Recommendations to solve these problems are formulated. 3 tabs., 12 refs

  1. Environmental Consequences of Rapid Urbanization in Zhejiang Province, East China

    OpenAIRE

    Xuchao Yang; Wenze Yue; Honghui Xu; Jingsheng Wu; Yue He

    2014-01-01

    Since reforms carried out in the late 1970s, China has experienced unprecedented rates of urban growth. Remote sensing data and surface observational data are used to investigate the urbanization process and related environmental consequences, focusing on extreme heat events and air pollution, in Zhejiang Province (ZJP, East China). Examination of satellite-measured nighttime light data indicates rapid urbanization in ZJP during the past decade, initially forming three urban clusters. With ra...

  2. Chemical zoning of muscovite megacrystal from the Brazilian Pegmatite Province

    OpenAIRE

    Viana, Ru?bia R.; Evangelista, Hanna J.; Stern, Willem B.

    2007-01-01

    Macroscopically homogenous muscovite plate from the Cruzeiro pegmatite, located in the Eastern Pegmatite Province in Minas Gerais, may show complex distribution patterns of some trace elements. In geochronological and petrological studies, as for example in the distinction of magmatic and post-magmatic mica, the cause of zoning could be taken into consideration. The complex chemical zoning in the studied mica plate can be best explained by growth in an evolving magma followed by alteration du...

  3. Mantle provinces under North America from multifrequency P wave tomography

    OpenAIRE

    Sigloch, K.

    2011-01-01

    This is a survey of mantle provinces (large-scale seismic anomalies) under North America, from the surface down to 1500-1800 km depth. The underlying P velocity model was obtained by multifrequency tomography, a waveform-based method that systematically measures and models the frequency-dependence of teleseismic body waves. A novel kind of three-dimensional rendering technique is used to make the considerable structural complexities under North America accessible. In the transition zone and b...

  4. Modelling of OBS Data Across the Vestbakken Volcanic Province

    OpenAIRE

    Sørensen, Asude Arslan

    2011-01-01

    A P-Wave model of a 384 km long Ocean Bottom Seismometer profile has been modelled by use of ray-tracing. The profile, Bear Island South (BIS-2008), crossses the transtensional Vestbakken Volcanic Province and the boundary between northern Atlantic oceanic crust of the Barents Sea continental platform. This study is a part of the 4th International Polar Year (IPY) international project entitled The Dynamic Continental Margin Between the Mid-Atlantic-Ridge (Mohns Ridge, Knipovich Ridge)...

  5. Traditional medicinal plant use in Loja province, Southern Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Sharon Douglas; Bussmann Rainer W

    2006-01-01

    Abstract This paper examines the traditional use of medicinal plants in Loja province, Southern Ecuador. Two hundred fifteen plant species were collected, identified and their vernacular names and traditional uses recorded. This number of species indicates that the healers, market vendors and members of the public interviewed still have a very high knowledge of plants in their surroundings, which can be seen as a reflection of the knowledge of the population in general. However, the area repr...

  6. Iranian Epidemiological Training Programs for AIDS Prevention in Mazandaran Province

    OpenAIRE

    Hallajian Ebrahim

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study to report data is derived from an investigation of the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices of AIDS prevention among the large the descendant of the Iranian prisoners. Using a multistage area sampling method, a random sample of individuals aged 18-65 years in southern coastwise of the Caspian Sea from February to December 2006. To select a representative sample of the prisoners` population within 5 different prisons in Mazandaran Province had the same proba...

  7. Patients' satisfaction evaluation with the health center of elis province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karavida, Angeliki; Stamouli, Maria-Aggeliki; Balis, Charalampos

    2014-01-01

    Patient satisfaction related to the provided health services is a key indicator of the quality of the health sector. The SERVQUAL model was employed as a way of measuring the level of patient satisfaction with the services of the Health Center of Elis Province. Although certain aspects such as "Assurance" and "Empathy" meet the users' needs, improvements like a detailed medical record and an overhaul of the equipment need to be introduced. PMID:25000072

  8. Electoral Budget Cycles: The case of the Argentine Provinces

    OpenAIRE

    Medina, Leandro; Lema, Daniel

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents subnational evidence of electoraly-motivated changes in the level of public expenditures, budgetary deficits and composition of public expenditures in Argentina. The empirical study is made using a dynamic panel data analysis (GMM) for 22 provinces during period 1985-2001. We find evidence of political cycles in policies around the election date. Results shows that deficits and public expenditures increase in election years. Evidence also suggest that expenditures shift...

  9. Tectonic investigation of Masvingo Province, Zimbabwe: preliminary report

    OpenAIRE

    Greenbaum, D.

    1986-01-01

    This report summarises the preliminary results of a structural investigation in the Masvingo (Victoria) Province of SE Zimbabwe undertaken as part of a hydrogeological study of the occurrence of groundwater in crystalline basement rocks. A review of the tectonic development of the region from available literature is presented together with the initial results of a remote sensing study using Landsat MSS imagery and aerial photographs, as well as reconnaissance fieldwork. T...

  10. Fish Anisakidae Helminthes in KHuzestan Province, South West of Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Farahnak, A.; Mobedi, I.; Tabibi, R.

    2002-01-01

    Fish including; Barbus spp, Cyprinus carpio, Liza abu and Aspius vorax have very important role in the economic condition of the rural areas of Khuzestan province. These fish have been consumed as fried or roasted. Inadequately cooked fish, could be served as a source of infection in these communities. For this reasons, 701 fish were trapped from 4 lagoons (Atash, Sobhanieh, Al-hai, Houfel) and transported alive to Ahwaz Health Research Center .Their skin, gills, eyes, muscles, intestine and ...

  11. Root rot of sugarbeet in the Vojvodina Province

    OpenAIRE

    Stojšin Vera B.; Mari? Adam A.; Jasni? Stevan M.; Bagi Ferenc F.; Marinkovi? Branko J.

    2006-01-01

    Large changes introduced in the sugar beet production technology in the Vojvodina Province over last 40 years resulted in changes in the etiology and harmfulness of different agents of sugar beet root diseases. Improvements in cultivation practices reduced the harmfulness of some diseases while increased the harmfulness of others. Some disease agents became obsolete, but others gained importance. New agents of root diseases were found. The most frequent damages, persisting over long periods o...

  12. Petroleum systems of the Malay Basin Province, Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bishop, Michele G.

    2002-01-01

    The offshore Malay Basin province is a Tertiary oil and gas province composed of a complex of half grabens that were filled by lacustrine shales and continental clastics.These deposits were overlain by clastics of a large delta system that covered the basin.Delta progradation was interupted by transgressions of the South China Sea to the southeast, which finally flooded the basin to form the Gulf of Thailand.Oil and gas from the Oligocene to Miocene lacustrine shales and Miocene deltaic coals is trapped primarily in anticlines formed by inversion of the half grabens during the late Miocene.Hydrocarbon reserves that have been discovered amount to 12 billion barrels of oil equivalent.The U.S. Geological Survey assessment of the estimated quantities of conventional oil, gas and condensate that have the potential to be added to reserves by the year 2025 for this province is 6.3 billion barrels of oil equivalent (BBOE) (U. S. Geological Survey World Energy Assessment Team, 2000).

  13. Epidemiological analysis of injury in Shandong Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Jiyu

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Injury is an emerging public health problem with social development and modernization in developing countries. To describe the prevalence and burden of injury and provide elaborate information for policy development, we conducted a community-based household survey in the Shandong Province of China. Methods The survey was conducted in 2004. Participants were selected by a multi-stage random sampling method. Information on injuries occurring in 2003 was collected in four cities and six rural counties in Shandong Province, China. Results The estimated incidence rate of injury in Shandong Province was 67.7 per 1,000. Injury incidence was higher in rural areas (84.3 per 1,000 than in urban areas (42.9 per 1,000, and was higher among males (81.1 per 1,000 than females (54.1 per 1,000. The average years of potential life lost is 37.7 years for each fatal injury. All injuries together caused 6,080,407 RMB yuan of direct and indirect economic loss, with traffic injuries accounting for 44.8% of the total economic loss. Conclusion Injury incidence was higher among males than females, and in rural areas than in urban areas. Youngsters suffered the highest incidence of injury. Injury also caused large losses in terms of both economics and life, with traffic injuries contributing the most to this loss. Strategies for prevention of injury should be developed.

  14. The Spectrum of ? -Thalassemia Mutations in Isfahan Province of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P Derakhshandeh-Peykar

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: ? -thalassemia is a common autosomal recessive disorder resulting from over 200 different mutations of beta globin genes. The aim of the present study was to identify the distribution and frequency of the most common ? -thalassemia mutations among the population of Isfahan Province in central Iran. Methods: The data presented here were derived from a total of 114 ? -thalassemia chromosomes of 18 affected patients and 78 unrelated carriers identified in our screening program. Furthermore, 23 pregnant women were analyzed among couples with a PND request for ? -thalassemia. Allele identification was carried out using routine Reverse Dot Blot, ARMS, and genomic sequencing. Results: The most common mutation, IVS-II-I, followed by FSC-36-37, IVS-I-5, FSC-8-9, IVS-I-110, IVS-I,3end; -25bp, IVS-II-745, FSC-8, Cd-39, FSC-22-24, IVS-I-1, Cd-44, IVSII-2,3 (+11/-2, IVS-I-6, and FSC-16, respectively. The present study not only provides a guide for distribution and frequency of both recurrent and uncommon mutations, but also for the first time, reports a rare b-thalassemia mutation, IVSII-2, 3 (+11/-2, in the Isfahan province of Iran. Conclusion: The information presented here could greatly facilitate screening for ? -thalassemia and prenatal diagnosis in the province of Isfahan.

  15. The use of wind to produce energy in Ketodestrin province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Productivity of oil and gas and their high cost benefit in matters than combustion, in one hand and their problem of environmental pollution when they are burnt, on the other hand attracted the decision markers in Iran to consider the wind energy as a good alternative for energy resources . It is especially important because of the existence of regions with high potential for wind energy in Iran. The Kurdestan province is one of the windy places in Iran that has not been considered for wind energy yet. In this paper, the general characteristics of the different kinds of winds which are blown throughout the year in Kurdestan province are considered firstly. Then by using the information from the stations in the sixth major cities in the province, the wind characteristics including power, direction, intensity and probability at different months of the year, are considered. The statistical studies show that Bijar, Zarine Obatoo, Ghorveh, Sanandaj and Marivan have the most wind energy potential, and Bijar and Ghorveh are the best places to install the wind turbine. for all of the above regions, the maximum of the wind average speed and powe are obtained in March, April. May, and the minimum of the average wind speed occurs in December. Bijar, Ghorveh and Zarine Obatoo have high average wind speed and its recommended to search for best places in these regions for the wind turbine sites

  16. Brackish-water mollusks of Surat Thani Province, southern Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sri-aroon, Pusadee; Lohachit, Chantima; Harada, Masakazu

    2005-01-01

    Brackish-water mollusks inhabiting the mangrove areas along the Gulf of Thailand of Surat Thani Province were investigated for distribution, abundance and natural infections. Nine families and 32 species of brackish-water snails were recovered from 14 sampling stations. Species belonging to the genus Ceritidea of the family Potamididae were mainly examined and Cerithidea (Cerithideopsilla) Cingulata, C. (C.) djadjariensis, and C. (Cerithidea) charbonnieri were naturally infected with 2 types of trematode cercariae, and one which was undetermined. C. (C.) cingulata had the highest infection rate (38.5%). Viewing two snail communities, the first community on the mainland and the second on Samui Island in Surat Thani Province, 28 brackish-water mollusk species were present on the mainland, 15 species were evident on Samui Island, and 11 snail species were common to both the mainland and Samui Island. Measurement of community similarity based on species presence revealed an index of similarity of 0.51. Concerning land use by the local people in the station areas investigated, brackish-water snails in Surat Thani Province are facing habitat degradation by human use. PMID:16438206

  17. Incidence of Neonatal Hyperphenylalaninemia in Fars Province South Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamdollah Karamifar

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective:Phenylalanine hydroxylase or its cofactor, tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4, deficiency causes accumulation of phenylalanine in body fluids and central nervous system. Considering the fact that hyperphenylalaninemia is a preventable cause of mental retardation in infants, the objective of this study was to determine the incidence of congenital hyperphenylalaninemia in Fars province, south of Iran.Methods:In a period of one year from November 2007 to November 2008 blood samples were withdrawn from all newborns born in Fars province for measurement of serum phenylalanine. The samples with a serum level of ? 2 mg/dl were referred to pediatric endocrine clinic for confirmation and determination of the type of hyperphenylalaninemia by quantitive serum phenylalanine measurements by using High-Pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC method.Findings:Nine out of 76966 newborns had a serum phenylalanine level ?2mg/dl, of which 8 cases were confirmed by HPLC. The incidence of the disease was 1:10000. The incidence of mild hyperphenylalaninemia and phenylketonuria (PKU among the patients was 62.5% and 37.5% respectively and the incidence of BH4 deficiency was 1/76966.Conclusion:These findings indicate a high incidence of hyperphenylalaninemia, in the newborns from Fars province. The high incidence makes a comprehensive screening program for management of the disease necessary.

  18. ‘Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs)’: Definition, recommended terminology, and a hierarchical classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheth, Hetu C.

    2007-12-01

    This article is an appeal for the adoption of a correct and appropriate terminology with respect to the so-called Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs). The term LIP has been widely applied to large basaltic provinces such as the Deccan Traps, and the term Silicic Large Igneous Province (SLIP) to volcanic provinces of dominantly felsic composition, such as the Whitsunday Province. However, neither term (LIP, SLIP) has been applied to the large granitic batholiths of the world (e.g., Andes) to which both terms are perfectly applicable. LIP has also not been applied to broad areas of contemporaneous basalt magmatism (e.g., Indochina, Mongolia) and sizeable layered mafic intrusions (e.g., Bushveld) which in many significant respects may also be considered to represent 'Large Igneous Provinces'. Here, I suggest that the term LIP is used in its broadest sense and that it should designate igneous provinces with outcrop areas ? 50,000 km 2. I propose a simple hierarchical classification of LIPs that is independent of composition, tectonic setting, or emplacement mechanism. I suggest that provinces such as the Deccan and Whitsunday provinces should be called Large Volcanic Provinces (LVPs), whereas large intrusive provinces (mafic-ultramafic intrusions, dyke/sill swarms, granitic batholiths) should be called Large Plutonic Provinces (LPPs). LVPs and LPPs thus together cover all LIPs, which can be felsic, mafic, or ultramafic, of sub-alkalic or alkalic affinity, and emplaced in continental or oceanic settings. LVPs are subdivided here into four groups: (i) the dominantly/wholly mafic Large Basaltic Provinces (LBPs) (e.g., Deccan, Ontong Java); (ii) the dominantly felsic Large Rhyolitic Provinces (LRPs) (e.g., Whitsunday, Sierra Madre Occidental); (iii) the dominantly andesitic Large Andesitic Provinces (LAPs) (e.g., Andes, Indonesia, Cascades), and (iv) the bimodal Large Basaltic-Rhyolitic Provinces (LBRPs) (e.g., Snake River-High Lava Plains). The intrusive equivalents of LRPs are the Large Granitic Provinces (LGPs) (e.g., the Andean batholiths), although an equivalent term for intrusive equivalents of LBPs is not necessary or warranted. The accuracy and usefulness of the terms flood basalt, plateau basalt, and trap are also examined. The largest LBP, LVP, and LIP is, of course, the bulk of the ocean floor. It is contended that the proposed LIP nomenclature and classification will lead to more accurate and precise terminology and hence better understanding of the wide variety of Large Igneous Provinces.

  19. ???????????????? Analysis on Competition and Cooperation Games about the Refining Enterprise in Shandong Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ???

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????“????”?“????”??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Oil supply market emerged the power pattern between the four major state-owned oil companies and local refining enterprise in Shandong province, local refining enterprise impacts refined oil market’ influence of the four major state-owned oil companies in Shandong province, refined oil market performance for instability trend. In order to protect finished oil market’ stabilization in Shandong province and establish petroleum market system of the win-win situation. This article elaborates the development situation of refining industry in Shandong province; secondly, using “output game” and “price game” model to research the Competition and Cooperation Games about refining enterprise competition in Shandong Province and its influencing factors, results show that: Shandong refining enterprise will eventually take alliance cooperation, the main factors which influence game process are raw material oil source, fuel consumption tax, sales channels of refined oil, structure of industries; finally, putting forward refining industry development suggestions in Shandong province.

  20. Some patterns of internal migration in North West Province, South Africa, 1996-2001

    OpenAIRE

    Palamuleni, Martin Enock

    2010-01-01

    Migration is an important component of population change in North West province of South Africa. Unfortunately, reliable data on migration is difficult to collect. The aim of this study is to provide estimates of net internal migration for North West province using indirect estimation procedure based on survival ratios. This method has been under-utilised in demographic research in the country. The results indicate that during the intercensal period 1996-2001 North West provinc...

  1. Factors that contribute to public sector nurses’ turnover in Limpopo province of South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Tshitangano, Takalani G.

    2013-01-01

    Background: The ongoing worldwide phenomenon of a shortage of about 4.3 million nurses and midwives poses a threat to health service delivery. Limpopo province had the worst nurseshortage of over 60% in 2010. Authors attribute this shortage to turnover of nurses. The quest to describe factors contributing to nurses’ turnover led to this study in Limpopo province,South Africa.Objectives: To explore and describe factors that contribute to nurses’ turnover in Limpopo province of South Africa...

  2. Spatial planning and economic development in border region: The experiences of Gangwon Province, Korea

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Jeong Ho

    2010-01-01

    Gangwon province has suffered from low rate of regional economic growth, resulting in exodus of locally well educated young workforce and thus, losing vitality and sense of hope. The situation will aggravate unless one turns the tide upside down. Now it appears that the time has come for the province to do it since the Korean government announced the green growth strategies last year. This paper strongly suggests that Gangwon province may have to shift its regional development strategy in ord...

  3. On Marketization Mode of College and University Sports Grounds and Stadiums in Shandong Province

    OpenAIRE

    Yun Ma

    2011-01-01

    We analyze the present situation and main problems of management of college and university sports ground andstadiums of Shandong province, by means of literature review, investigation and logic analysis. Furthermore,combining with social sports development status of Shandong Province, we propose the ideas and mode ofmarketization of college and university sports ground and stadiums, and establish the marketization mode ofcollege and university sports ground and stadiums in Shandong Province.

  4. Complex origins of the Lusitania biogeographic province and northeastern Atlantic fishes

    OpenAIRE

    Almada, Vi?tor C.; Jesus Falcón Toledo; Alberto Brito; André Levy; Floeter, Sergio R.; Robalo, Joana I.; Joana Martins; Frederico Oliveira Almada

    2013-01-01

    The Lusitania Province encompasses the warm temperate marine waters between the southern end of the English Channel, in the North, and Cape Juby or Cape Blanco, in the South, including the Mediterranean and the archipelagoes of the Azores, Madeira and the Canary Islands. Briggs and Bowen (2012) proposed that the warm temperate provinces, although retaining their provincial status, should be grouped with the adjacent tropical ones. Thus, they included the Lusitania Province in a warm eastern A...

  5. On Marketization Mode of College and University Sports Grounds and Stadiums in Shandong Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yun Ma

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We analyze the present situation and main problems of management of college and university sports ground andstadiums of Shandong province, by means of literature review, investigation and logic analysis. Furthermore,combining with social sports development status of Shandong Province, we propose the ideas and mode ofmarketization of college and university sports ground and stadiums, and establish the marketization mode ofcollege and university sports ground and stadiums in Shandong Province.

  6. A survey on the history of developing nuclear power station in Hunan Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sixteen years ago it was suggested that a nuclear power station should be built in Hunan Province, and a special document was reported to the State Council. Up to now, the idea has still been under consideration. The author discusses the development of nuclear power station in Hunan province. It mainly consists of four parts: the history, the necessity the barriers met in the course and the feasible way of developing nuclear power station in Hunan Province

  7. Obesity among school children in a province of southern Thailand and its association with socioeconomic status

    OpenAIRE

    Hirata, Mari; Kuropakornpong, Valaya; Funahara, Yoshinori; Kamae, Isao; Sato, Shigeaki

    1998-01-01

    The association of nutrition status of children aged 7–12 years (n=663) with socioeconomic factors in a province of southern Thailand in 1995 was investigated. Three type of schools were surveyed: a school with a higher educational standard (elite school) in the municipality of the province, a school with many children from low-income families (low-income school) in the same municipality, and five ordinary schools in rural areas of the province (district schools). The proportions of obese c...

  8. Amazonian volcanic activity at the Syrtis volcanic province, Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Platz, Thomas; Jodlowski, Piotr; Fawdon, Peter; Michael, Greg; Tanaka, Kenneth

    2014-05-01

    The Syrtis Major volcanic province, including the entire Syrtis Major Planum, is located near the Martian highland/lowland transitional zone west of Isidis Planitia. It covers ?7.4×105 km2 and contains two low-shield volcanic edifices with N-S elongated calderas named Nili and Meroe Paterae. The estimated thickness of erupted material in the province ranges from approximately 0.5 km to 1.0 km with a total volume of about 1.6-3.2×105 km3 [1]. The timing of volcanic activity in the Syrtis Major volcanic province has been suggested to be restricted to the Hesperian Period [1-4]. In the geological map of Greeley and Guest [2], volcanic material of Syrtis Major was assigned an Hesperian age based on the density of observed craters larger than 5 km in diameter. Using the same crater density range, recent studies of Hiesinger et al. [1] and Tanaka et al. [3] and Tanaka et al. [4] assigned an Early Hesperian and Early to Late Hesperian age, respectively, for the entire province. In this study we mapped lava flows, lava channels, and major lava-flow margins and report model ages for lava-flow formation and caldera segments of Nili and Meroe Paterae. The objective of this ongoing survey is to better understand the eruption frequency of this volcanic province. In total, we mapped 67 lava flows, caldera segments, and intra-crater fillings of which 55 were dated. Crater size-frequency distributions (CSFD) were mapped on HRSC and CTX imagery using CraterTools [5]. CSFDs were analyzed and model ages determined in Craterstats [6] using the production and chronology functions of Ivanov [7] and Hartmann and Neukum [8], respectively. A detailed description of the utilization of the crater-counting technique and its limitations with respect to small-scale mapping is given in Platz et al. [9]. Model ages range between 838 Ma (Middle Amazonian) to 3.6 Ga (Late Hesperian). In our survey, a broad age peak occurs between 2 to 2.6 Ga, continuously declining thereafter. We note that three caldera units show Middle Amazonian and later Early Amazonian best-fit ages. A light-toned deposit within Nili Patera was dated at 0.96 Ga. In Meroe Patera, the outer and central caldera floors were chosen for crater counting returning 1.42 Ga and 1.85 Ga, respectively. The spectrum of model ages derived for lava flows, intra-crater fillings, and caldera segments range from Late Hesperian to Middle Amazonian. It clearly points to a long-lasting volcanic activity in this province, although the majority of erupted material was formed during the Early Hesperian Epoch or earlier, decreasing thereafter. Because most studied lava flows experienced post-emplacement contractional deformation, the tectonic history also extended into the Amazonian Period. References: [1] Hiesinger H. and Head J. W. (2001) JGR, 109, E01004. [2] Greeley G. and Guest J.E. (1987) Map I-1802-B, USGS. [3] Tanaka K. L. et al. (in press) USGS SIM. [4] Tanaka K. L. et al. (2005) USGS SIM2888. [5] Kneissl T. et al. (2011) PSS, 59, 1243-1254. [6] Michael G. G. and Neukum G. (2010) EPSL, 294, 223-229. [7] Ivanov B. A. (2001) Space Sci. Rev., 96, 87-104. [8] Hartmann W. K. and Neukum G. (2001) Space Sci. Rev., 96, 165-194. [9] Platz T. et al. (2013) Icarus, 225, 806-827. [14

  9. ???????????????? System Analysis on Sustainable Development of Shandong Province Oil and Gas Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ???

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????ISM????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Shandong province is regarded as the mayor province afflicting the sustainable development of our oil and gas. Studying on the oil and gas resources of sustainable development in Shandong province has many guidelines and examples meaning. This article is based on the theory of sustainable development of oil and gas, using the method of ISM to build multi-level model and establishing the factor weight by entropy value method. In the end, the article takes the need of oil and gas in Shandong province as a example to analyze it.

  10. Comparative analysis based on factor analysis of integrate production capacity of foodstuff in main foodstuff provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Dehua; Zhou, Huiqiu

    2011-10-01

    Under great background of financial crisis, large fluctuation on international foodstuff price and frequent happening of natural disasters, each nation attaches importance to foodstuff safety problem increasingly. As a Great Power of population, China pays more attention to foodstuff safety problem definitely. Large foodstuff provinces play a major role on ensuring it. The paper arrives at the conclusion that each province has advantages and disadvantages in different factors through factor analyses on influencing factors of integrated production capacity of foodstuff in each province. Then we arrange the factor score, analyze the result of each large foodstuff province and ultimately give out feasible suggestions.

  11. Determination the frequency of Ixodid ticks on the sheep in Khorasan Razavi province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rashtibaf, M.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available A survey was carried out to investigate the frequency of hard tick species (Acari: Ixodidae on sheep inKhorasan Razvi province. A total of 812 ticks were collected from the sheep of different areas of KhorsanRazavi province five species were identified as follow: Rhipicephalus turanicus (59.23%, Hyalomma.marginatum turanicum (25.73%, Hyalomma excavatum (14.8%, Hyalomma anatolicum(8.3%, and Dermacentor niveus (4.8%. The frequency of tick infestation in southern parts was greater than northern parts of the province. R. turanicuss and H. m. turanicum. Were dominant ticks in the province.

  12. Research on the International Export Competitiveness of Honey – Taking Anhui Province as an example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Hua

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article uses the data of honey export from 2000 to 2013 (Jan. to Aug. to make an analysis on the fluctuation of honey export number and price in Anhui Province in order to know about the current situation of honey export in Anhui Province. Then it quantitatively makes an analysis on the current situation of international export competitiveness of honey in Anhui Province by market share, trade competitiveness index, export quality index and other methods; It also uses the analysis result to find out the relevant factors that affect the international honey export competitiveness and proposes the relevant countermeasures to improve the international competitiveness of honey in Anhui Province.

  13. Tectonic history of the Syria Planum province of Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, K.L.; Davis, P.A.

    1988-01-01

    We attribute most of the development of extensive fractures in the Tharsis region to discrete tectonic provinces within the region, rather than to Tharsis as a single entity. One of these provinces is in Syria Planum. Faults and collapse structures in the Syria Planum tectonic province on Mars are grouped into 13 sets based on relative age, areal distribution, and morphology. According to superposition and fault crosscutting relations and crater counts we designate six distinct episodes of tectonic activity. Photoclinometric topographic profiles across 132 grabens and fault scarps show that Syria Planum grabens have widths (average of 2.5 km, and most range from 1 to 6 km) similar to lunar grabens, but the Martian grabens have slightly higher side walls (average abour 132 m) and gentler wall slopes (average of 9?? and range of 2??-25??) than lunar grabens (93 m high and 18?? slopes). Estimates of the amount of extension for individual grabens range from 20 to 350 m; most estimates of the thickness of the faulted layer range from 0.5 to 4.5 km (average is 1.5 km). This thickness range corresponds closely to the 0.8- to 3.6-km range in depth for pits, troughs, and canyons in Noctis Labyrinthus and along the walls of Valles Marineris. We propose that the predominant 1- to 1.5-km values obtained for both the thickness of the faulted layer and the depths of the pits, troughs, and theater heads of the canyons reflect the initial depth to the water table in this region, as governed by the depth to the base of ground ice. Maximum depths for these features may indicate lowered groundwater table depths and the base of ejecta material. -from Authors

  14. Prevalence of tuberculosis drug resistance in 10 provinces of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Li

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The emergence of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB hampers TB control. Ten provinces in China performed drug resistance surveys among tuberculosis (TB patients in 1996–2004 to assess levels of drug resistance. Methods Provincial drug resistance surveys included all isolates from newly diagnosed, smear-positive TB patients. Drug susceptibility testing (DST against isoniazid, rifampicin, streptomycin and ethambutol was carried out in the provincial laboratories. For purposes of quality assurance, a random sample (11.6% was re-tested by the national reference laboratory (NRL. Results Of 14,059 patients tested 11,052 (79% were new TB cases. The weighted mean prevalence of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB among all cases was 9.3% (range 2.2%–10.4%; 5.4% (range 2.1% – 10.4% among new cases and 25.6% (range 11.7%–36.9% among previously treated cases. Adjusting the drug resistance proportions using the re-testing results did not change the estimated national mean prevalence significantly. However, in some individual provinces the estimated resistance proportions were greatly influenced, especially among re-treatment patients. Conclusion MDR-TB levels varied greatly between provinces in China, but on average were high compared to the global estimated average of 4.8%. This study shows the importance of quality-assured laboratory performance. Programmatic management of drug-resistant TB, including high quality DST for patients at high risk of resistance and treatment with second-line drugs, should become the standard, especially in high MDR-TB settings.

  15. Hospital Preparedness of Semnan Province to Deal with Disasters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Amiri

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Hospitals are major health service places which deal with disasters and whose preparedness and offering on time services play vital role in reduction of injuries and death. This research was conducted to determine preparedness of hospitals in Semnan province to deal with disasters (2010. Methods: In this practical, cross-sectional study, all head managers of hospitals in Semnan Province were selected through the census method, and a questionnaire comprising 40 questions and a checklist include of 133 questions were completed through observation and interview. The collected data were analyzed using ANOVA. Results: Out of the 10 studied hospitals, 50% were teaching hospitals and the rest were therapeutic. Average preparedness of programming support for vital services was 80%, for natural disasters management programs in hospital was 65%, for programming for environmental health activities against disasters was 56.2%, for security of equipments and hazardous material was 64.2%, for programming for reduction in structural dangers was 43.8%, for evacuation and field treatment was 49.5%, and average score for hospital educational planning to deal with disasters was 42.2%. ANOVA test has shown significant relationship between manager’s awareness and hospital preparedness, (P=0.001. Hence province hospitals with 58.4±15.7% average, attain medium level against disasters. Conclusion: Results indicate that managers require to be trained in confronting disasters and it is essential to retrain managers in all the fields including environmental health activities against disasters reduction in structural dangers and programming for evacuation and field treatment for confronting disasters.

  16. Characterization of gas hydrates provinces off Norway-Svalbard

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vanneste, M.; Kvalstad, T.J.; Forsberg, C.F.; Pfaffhuber, A. [NGI, Oslo (Norway); ICG, Oslo (Norway); Bunz, S.; Mienert, J. [Tromso Univ., Tromso (Norway)

    2010-07-01

    The characterization of gas hydrates provinces off Norway-Svalbard were discussed in this presentation. Relevant research and development projects and activities were listed. Bottom simulating reflectors as a key seismic proxy were discussed. Seismic techniques such as p-waves and s-waves were identified. The quantification and saturation from velocity anomalies were illustrated along with the gas hydrate reservoir potential off Norway-Svalbard. Some interesting cases were presented, including the Nankai; Lake Baikal in Siberia; and the Black Sea. The presentation concluded with a discussion of lessons learned. The presentation noted that mapping and quantification requires integration of methods and techniques. figs.

  17. EARLY HISTORY OF AVIATION IN THE EASTERN PROVINCE

    OpenAIRE

    Cockbain, T. G. E.

    2012-01-01

    Let me firstly state categorically that the Eastern Province is the cradle of aviationin South Africa. Although Admiral John Weston built the first aircraft in SouthAfrica at Brandfort in the Orange Free State in 1907, his machine was takenoverseas for its first flight on 10th December 1910. It was not flown here untilJune, 1911.2 When one asks the question, "who made the first ever heavier-thanairflight?", the answer is invariably "the Wright brothers at Kittyhawk, USA in1903". Who made the ...

  18. Herpetofauna of the Bilsa Biological Station, province of Esmeraldas, Ecuador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ortega-Andrade, H. M.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The Bilsa Biological Station is located on the Mache-Chindul mountains and protects some of the last rainforestremnants in the province of Esmeraldas, northwestern Ecuador. Since 2004, we have been inventorying the amphibiansand reptiles of Bilsa. We found 109 species of herpetofauna (37 amphibians and 72 reptiles, representing 8 % and 18% of the known species from Ecuador, respectively. We report distribution extensions for Sachatamia albomaculata,Hyalinobatrachium valerioi, Pristimantis muricatus, and P. rosadoi, and report the presence of several putatively undescribedspecies. We propose the Mache–Chindul mountains as a Key Biodiversity Area within the West Ecuadorian Endemic Area.

  19. Herpetofauna, Parc National des Volcans, North Province, Republic of Rwanda

    OpenAIRE

    Roelke, C. E.; Smith, E. N.

    2010-01-01

    Herein is presented a list of the reptiles and anurans from the Parc National des Volcans (PNV)(01°43’ S, 29°52’ W), an area in the west and north provinces of the Republic of Rwanda in the Albertine Riftregion of Africa. Fieldwork was conducted between two and six days per week from June through August2007 and 2008. We also conducted literature searches of all historical expeditions within the park for speciesrecords. Seventeen species of reptiles and anurans are recorded from the PNV....

  20. Climate Change Awareness in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phokele Maponya

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Climate change is one of the most important environmental issues facing the world today. The impact of climate change is a reality and it cuts across all climate-sensitive sectors including the Agriculture sector. It is well documented by several scientists, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and other experts that climate change threatens sustainable economic development and the totality of human existence. This study will enable small scale maize farmers in Mpumalanga province to understand the challenges and the threat posed by climate variability and climate change. The study was conducted in Nkangala District, Mpumalanga province. Mpumalanga province remains the largest production region for forestry and the majority of the people living in Mpumalanga are farmers and they have contributed immensely to promote food security. However, due to the threat by climate variability and change, sectors such as the Agriculture, Water etc are experiencing the following pattern: (a Putting livelihoods and food production at serious risks due to extreme climatic events, climate variability and change. It was noted that there is a need for climate change awareness across the agriculture sector. Currently, there is enough evidence that shows that climate change is affecting different elements of agriculture such as crops and livestock. Random sampling technique was used to select two hundred and fifty farmers to be interviewed. The questionnaires were administrated to household head farmers and included matters relating to household general information, climate change awareness, land characteristics, observation on climate change and agronomic practices including maize production. Data was analysed using the statistical for social sciences (SPSS version 20. Descriptive statistics was used to describe data and Univariate regression analysis was conducted to demonstrate the relationship and association of variables. It was noted that the majority of farmers in this province need capacity building and also climate change awareness initiatives which would assist these farmers to build the adaptive capacity, increase resilience and reduce vulnerability. By coming up with these kind of interventions it is believed that some of these farmers would be able to change their farming methods, diversify their cropping systems and also introduce drought tolerant crops in order for them to have good yields and also be able to generate good income.

  1. Interdepartmental communication at tertiary hospital campus in the Limpopo Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TM Mothiba

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Interdepartmental communication in a hospital setting is fundamental to the provision of quality patient care. Effective communication modes are important because they result in the improvement of patient care (Tappen, 1995:181. Preliminary investigations into the main problems that underscore patients’ dissatisfaction have identified, among others, the failure of health professionals to communicate effectively. In this study an attempt was made to describe experiences of health professionals with regard to inter-departmental communications , define inter-departmental communication in selected departments of a tertiary hospital campus in the Limpopo Province and lastly, to formulate inter-departmental communication guidelines for health professionals.

  2. Survey of Dogs’ Parasites in Khorasan Razavi Province, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    GhR Razmi

    2009-01-01

    "nBackground: Dog is known to act as definitive host for some parasites that cause important diseases in man and animals. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of Neospora caninum and other intestinal parasites in dogs in Khorasan Razavi Province, Iran. "nMethods: A cross-sectional study was done concerning frequency of N. canium and other in­testinal parasites in dogs in Mashhad area. Totally, 174 fecal samples from 89 farm dogs and 85 household dogs were collected fr...

  3. The eastern province blood transfusion service: A case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Geldenhuys

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available An analysis was made of the location of the nine blood banks in the Eastern Province Blood Transfusion Service. The banks were considered as the vertices of an undirected graph. The cost of collecting and distributing blood was assumed to be proportional to the distances between vertices, and to the population of each district. The 9-median of the graph was calculated and the corresponding cost compared with the cost of the actual configuration, which turned out to be about 3% higher.

  4. Modeling pollution control and performance in China's provinces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Jiuchang; Jia, Ruiyue; Marinova, Dora; Zhao, Dingtao

    2012-12-30

    The paper constructs a pollution control performance (PCP) evaluation model by introducing the norm of n-dimensional space. The PCP of 30 Chinese provinces for the period of 2003-2008 is evaluated based on the model and the factors influencing China's pollution control are further examined. It is found that: (1) China's PCP has improved rapidly but there is a large regional imbalance with the PCP of Eastern China being much better than that of Central and Western China; (2) to improve the level of China's PCP, government policies should consider industrial structure adjustment, restricting industry entries and increased investment in pollution abatement and R&D. PMID:23041518

  5. Lichenicolous fungi in I?d?r province, Turkey

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Kenan, Yazici; Javier, Etayo.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english As a result of lichenological exploration in the province of I?d?r, Turkey, forty species of lichenicolous fungi belonging to eighteen genera were identified on twenty-seven different lichenized fungi. Four lichenicolous fungi-Arthonia protoparmeliopsidis, Lichenostigma radicans, L. subradians and S [...] clerococcum sphaerale-represent new records for Turkey. In addition, A. protoparmeliopsidis is new to Asia and Gemmaspora lecanorae was found for the second time on Aspicilia sp. Geographical distributions are also presented.

  6. Measles outbreak investigation in Zaka, Masvingo Province, Zimbabwe, 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Pomerai Kufakwanguzvarova W; Mudyiradima Robert F; Gombe Notion T

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background A measles outbreak was detected at Ndanga Hospital in Zaka district Masvingo Province on the 5th of May 2010 and there were five deaths. Source of infection was not known and an investigation was carried out to determine factors associated with contracting measles in Zaka district. Materials and methods A 1:1 unmatched case control study was conducted. A case was a person residing in Zaka district who developed signs and symptoms of measles or tested IgM positive from 06 M...

  7. Peculiarities of sulphur functionalities in the Thracian coal province, Bulgaria

    OpenAIRE

    Marinov S P; Stefanova M; Kostova I; Stamenova V; Carleer R; Yperman J

    2005-01-01

    The Thracian coal province in Bulgaria is comprised of three main coal basins, Maritza East, Maritza West and Elhovo, with extremely immature coals (Rr = 0.18-0.21%). These Miocene-Pliocene aged low rank coals (lignites) are characterized by high ash and sulphur contents, and low calorific values. Temperature programmed reduction/oxidation at atmospheric pressure (AP-TPR/TPO), coupled with on-line mass spectrometer (AP-TPR/TPO-MS) and with an off-line gas chromatograph-...

  8. Prevalence of ixodid ticks on cattle in Mazandaran province, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Razmi, Gholam Reza; Glinsharifodini, Meisam; Sarvi, Shaboddin

    2007-12-01

    A survey was carried out to investigate the prevalence of hard tick species (Acari: Ixodidae) on cattle in Mazandaran province, Iran. A total of 953 ticks were collected from 86 infested cattle during activating seasons of ticks during 2004-2005. Nine species were identified: Boophilus annulatus (51.3%), Rhipicephalus bursa (16.8%), Haemaphysalis punctata (6.3%), Ixodes ricinus (6.8%), Hyalomma marginatum (12.5%), Hyalomma anatolicum excavatum (5.2%), Hyalomma asiaticum (0.6%), Hyalomma detritum (0.2 %), and Dermacentor spp. (0.1%). The results show that Boophilus annulatus, Rhipicephalus bursa, and Hyalomma species are dominant tick species in the surveyed area. PMID:18165714

  9. Geophysics report of Santa Rosa place Canelones province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Hydrogeology Section required to Geophysics Department of the DINAMIGE to carry out this report for Education and Culture Ministery, to study the feasibility of the exploration and exploitation of underground waters located in three properties zones in Santa Rosa's town, Canelones province. By means of the geoeletric methods it was possible to estimate the alluviums thickness ,sedimentary deposits or alteration mantels. The purpose of the present work has been to establish geologic and structural features through vertical electric well by means of which is been able to study the vertical variations of the resistivity .

  10. Performance of Planted Maple in Western Guilan Province, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Kambiz Taheri Abkenar; Elham Safarpour

    2007-01-01

    The success of planted Acer velutinum investigated in western Guilan Province in Iran. This region was reforested in 1985. The study was carried out in the autumn of 2003 with using the full callipering method. The goal of this study is to review the maple plantation, in order to present a new background that is useful for an ecological evaluation of the maple plantations in Iranian forests. Some quantity and quality factors about bole and crown were evaluated. The resistance of maple to diff...

  11. Economic Analysis of Production of Greenhouse Products in Kerman Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Mehrabi Basharabadi

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Kerman province is the largest producer of greenhouse cucumber and tomato in Iran. This paper calculates the interest rate of return (IRR and return period of investment (RPI in vegetable, cut flowers and strawberry in greenhouse and compares them with vegetable grown outdoors. To do the study, a random sample of 309 farmers was selected in the province of Kerman in 2005. Results showed that IRR for vegetable, cut flowers and strawberry in greenhouse was about 20, 14 and 23 respectively, and it was 45/8 percentage per year for vegetable outdoors. RPI for vegetable, cut flowers and strawberry in greenhouse was about 8, 29, and 7 years, respectively. Vegetables Production under greenhouse produces more employment opportunities, has better yields, higher price and efficient use of factors, but it has lower IRR, higher production cost, higher pesticide residue and is more capital intensive in comparison with outdoor production. Improvement of greenhouse credits, enlargement of metal greenhouses, research on yield and development of greenhouses at region 5 are the important policy-making implications of this paper.

  12. A probe into reasons for international migration in Fujian Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, G

    1990-01-01

    In this paper, the author discusses the extent of international migration from China's Fujian Province and considers the reasons behind the migration. The most recent estimates place China's overseas population at 22.1 million, 19 million (88%) of which are concentrated in Southeast Asia. According to the author's calculations, at least 7 million of the Chinese overseas population are of Fujian descent. Indonesia alone holds some 3.3 million Fujianese. Malaysia, Singapore, and the Philippines account for most of the remaining Fujianese overseas population. Having established the extent of international migration from the Fujian Province, the author attempts to establish the reasons behind it. The author first considers the historical origins of Fujianese international migration, from its early states (end century B.C.-17th century) to modern times *18-early 20th century) to the current period (1949-present). The author then examines the reasons behind the migration, primarily the social environment and individual behavior. Finally, the author provides categories of international migration, stressing that these categories often overlap or coincide. Most of the early migration was "spontaneous" -- essentially, an unplanned occurrence. During the modern period, most migration was "forced" by the contract labor system instituted by colonialists. Political and social upheaval also prompted "provoked" international migration. And following the Chinese Revolution, "free" migration allowed many to return home or to join relative abroad. PMID:12284987

  13. PARASITIC CONTAMINATION OF WELLS DRINKING WATER IN MAZANDARAN PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Yousefi ? H. Ziaei hezarjaribi ? A. A. Enayati ? R. A. Mohammadpoor

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available There is a direct relation between the prevalence of some parasitic diseases and the presence of those etiologic agents in water. The purpose of this research was to determine the contamination rate of wells drinking water to parasites in Mazandaran province in the north of Iran. 989 water samples were randomly taken based on the population of towns and number of health centers from 12 cities of Mazandaran province and transferred to the laboratory in sterile containers. Water samples were then filtered and analyzed according to the World Health Organization guidelines. Direct method and Gram staining procedure were used to identify the parasites. If cryptosporidium was seen, floatation (sheather’s sugar and modified Ziehl-Neelsen staining method were performed. Parasites count was undertaken using McMaster counting slide (0.3 mL. 197 out of 989 water samples were contaminated with different parasites. From 197 contaminated samples, 20 different types of parasites were separated of which 53 (26.9% were pathogenic, 100 (50.8% non pathogenic, and 44 non-infective stages of parasites. Distance between wells and sources of contamination, type of water distribution systems, city and chlorination status had significantly statistical relationship with contamination prevalence (p<0.001. According to the results and considering the direct correlation between safe water and human health, proper implementation of providing hygienic drinking water should be enforced.

  14. Helminths of guineafowls in Limpopo Province, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Boomker

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Between July 2005 and November 2006 the gastro-intestinal helminths of 15 Helmeted guineafowls and a single Crested guineafowl from Musina, Limpopo Province were examined, and in July and August 2005 helminths were collected from five Helmeted guineafowls from Mokopane in the same province. The acanthocephalan Mediorhynchus gallinarum, the cestodes Abuladzugnia gutterae, Davainea nana, Hymenolepis cantaniana, Numidella numida, Octopetalum numida, Ortleppolepis multiuncinata, Porogynia paronai, Raillietina angusta, Raillietina pintneri, Raillietina steinhardti and Raillietina sp. and the nematodes Ascaridia numidae, Cyrnea parroti, Gongylonema congolense, Hadjelia truncata, Sicarius caudatus, Subulura dentigera, Subulura suctoria, Subulura sp., Tetrameres numida and an unidentified subulurid were recovered. A single trematode species, Dicrocoelium macrostomum, was present in the liver. Mediorhynchus gallinarum, A. gutterae, O. multiuncinata, H. truncata and S. caudatus are recorded for the first time from Helmeted guineafowls, as well as from South Africa. South Africa is a new geographic record for D. macrostomum, G. congolense and D. nana. Subulura suctoria, G. congolense and H. truncata from the Crested guineafowl constitute new host-parasite associations.

  15. PHYSIC NUT ( JATROPHA CURCAS L. DISEASES IN LAMPUNG PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TRI MARYONO

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Intensifi ed cultivation of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L. could raise the importance of plant diseases. h e objectives of this research were to diagnose diseases occurring on physic nut in Lampung Province and to determine their intensity. Field observation was conducted in four districts: South Lampung, Tanggamus, Bandarlampung, and Tulang Bawang. Disease intensity, whether expressed as disease incidence or severity, was recorded from plant samples determined by making diagonal lines across the fi eld on which fi ve observation spots were made. On each spot, fi ve plant samples were observed. Specimens were also collected and placed individually in plastic bags for laboratory observation. h e diseases found on physic nut in Lampung Province were cercospora leaf spot, alternaria leaf spot, fusarium wilt, and bacterial wilt. In addition, leaf malformation fi rst thought to be viral disease was commonly found in many locations. Further mechanical transmission failed to produce similar symptom on tested plants and higher population of mites were found on malformed leaves than that in normal leaves. Based on the disease distribution and intensity, the most likely threatening disease in physic nut cultivation is bacterial wilt. Fusarium also caused wilt, but it was only found in one subdistrict with low incidence.

  16. Province Based Design and Simulation of Indonesian Education Grid Topology

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    Heru Suhartanto

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the design and simulation of an e-learning computer network topology, based on Grid computing technology, for Indonesian schools called the Indonesian Education Grid (IndoEdu-Grid. The grid technology proposed to solve infrastructure problems faced by Indonesian ICT Network (Jardiknas. In previous study, we designed the topology which based on two scenarios: region based and island based topology. Each scenario run in the simulator using two packet scheduling algorithms, one will be FIFO (First In First Out Scheduler and the other SCFQ (Self-Clocked Fair Queuing Scheduler. In this paper we proposed a different scenario which based on province. The simulation treatments are the same with the two previous scenarios. The simulation results showed that when using FIFO algorithm, the province based scenario has the best performance compared to Region Based and Island Based. However, this scenario is not competitive with the others when using SCFQ algorithm which is due to higher packet lifetime.

  17. Molecular analysis of fragile X syndrome in Antalya Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bilgen T

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Detection of the (CGGn repeats in the FMR1 gene that cause the fragile X syndrome (FXS, has become a milestone for phenotype-genotype correlation in FXS. Aims: To screen the FMR1 gene CGG repeats in index cases with FXS and their family members in the Antalya Province. Setting and design: This study was prospectively conducted between January 200and March 2005 in Department of Medical Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, Akdeniz University, Antalya. Materials and Methods: A series of 132 cases from three hospitals in Antalya Province were studied. All cases were molecularly screened using non-radioactive Expand Long PCR method that was confirmed by Southern blotting. Results: Seventeen out of 132 cases were found to have a full mutation, including three that were mosaic for premutations/full mutations. Of the 132 cases, eight were found to have the premutation size of the CGG repeats. The remaining 107 cases were identified as normal. Conclusions: Due to premature ovarian failure and Fragile X premutation Tremor/Ataxia Syndrome related with the premutation, the detection of the premutation will provide valuable information both for clinical follow-up and genetic counseling. In conclusion, our data suggest that expansion of CGG repeats in the FMR1 gene can be analyzed by Expand Long PCR, an efficient and non-radioactive method that can be used to monitor the expansion of premutation to full mutation, which would eventually lead to reduce the FXS prevalence.

  18. Evaluation of Congenital Hypothyroidism in Fars Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamdollah Karamifar

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: In Iran thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH based neonatal screening program is included in health care services from 2005 for detection of patients with primary congenital hypothyroidism (CH. This study was performed for a critical evaluation of the screening program primary congenital hypothyroidism in Fars province,Iran.Methods: From November 2006 to September 2007, TSH serum concentrations of 63031 newborns, 3 to 5 days old born in Fars province, were measured by heel prick. The newborns with TSH ?5mIU/L were recalled for measurement of serumT4 and TSH in venous blood samples Findings: Of 127 recalled subjects, 43 were confirmed to be hypothyroid, showing a prevalence of 1:1465 with F:M ratio of 1.05:1. The most common clinical and radiological findings were prolonged jaundice (73%, large anterior fontanel (56%, wide posterior fontanel (55%, absence of distal femoral epiphysis (20%, andumbilical hernia (11%. Scintigraphy of the thyroid with 99mTC revealed eutopia (67.4%, hypoplasia (23.3%,agenesis (4.7% and ectopia (2.3%.Conclusion: It is concluded that a cut off value of TSH?5mIU/L overestimates recalling the number of patientswith CH. The most common cause of congenital hypothyroidism is not dysgenesis of the gland and perhaps dyshormonogenesis in Iran is more common than what is reported in other countries.

  19. [Intestinal parasitoses detected in primary schoolchildren in the Van province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ta? Cengiz, Zeynep; Akbayram, Sinan; Ciçek, Mutalip; Yilmaz, Hasan

    2009-01-01

    This study was carried out on school children in primary schools in the Van province in order to investigate the distribution of intestinal parasitoses. The study was conducted in 7-15 year-old primary schoolchildren during the years from 2003-2005. Stool specimens were taken from 2975 school children; of these, 1289 were female and 1686, male. The specimens were examined by native-Lugol, flotation and trichrome staining methods in the parasitology laboratory of the Health Research and Training Hospital, Yüzüncü Yil University. One or more parasite species were detected in 1916 (64.4%) stool specimens of 2975 children. Parasitosis was detected in 65.7% of females and in 63.4% of males. Blastocystis hominis, Giardia intestinalis, Entamoeba coli, Iodamoeba butschlii, Chilomastix mesnili, Endolimax nana, Entamoeba histolytica/Entamoeba dispar, Entamoeba hartmanni, Enteromonas hominis, Retortamonas intestinalis, Dientamoeba fragilis, Trichomonas hominis, Ascaris lumbricoides, Hymenolepis nana, Trichuris trichiura, Enterobius vermicularis and Fasciola hepatica were detected in 27.4%, 16.4%, 14.9%, 3.9%, 2.9%, 1.8%, 1.1%, 0.6%, 0.5%, 0.5%, 0.4%, 0.2%, 7.5%, 5.3%, 0.7%, 0.6% and 0.03% of the specimens, respectively. In conclusion, there are still high rates of intestinal parasitoses in school children in this region because care is not taken in hygiene and the socioeconomic status is low in the Van province. PMID:20101580

  20. An outbreak of canine aflatoxicosis in Gauteng Province, South Africa

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    Luke F. Arnot

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Sporadic outbreaks of aflatoxicosis occur in dogs when they consume contaminated dog food. During 2011, low-cost brands of pelleted dog food were contaminated with very high concentrations of aflatoxins. Approximately 100 dogs were presented to the Onderstepoort Veterinary Academic Hospital. Clinically, the dogs were depressed to collapsed and icteric, with haematemesis, melaena and haematochezia. The most common pathological findings were icterus, gastro-enterorrhagia and hepatosis. On histopathological examination, fatty hepatosis and bile duct proliferation were observed. A consistent, very characteristic finding was the presence of a blue-grey granular material within the bile ducts. A total of 124 samples of the dog food fed to the affected dogs was analysed to determine aflatoxin concentrations. Concentrations ranged from below the limit of quantification (< 5 ?g/kg to 4946 ?g/kg and six samples were submitted to determine the ratio of aflatoxins in the feed. It is estimated that well over 220 dogs died in the Gauteng Province of South Africa as a result of this aflatoxin outbreak.

    How to cite this article: Arnot LF, Duncan NM, Coetzer H, Botha CJ. An outbreak of canine aflatoxicosis in Gauteng Province, South Africa. Jl S Afr vet Ass. 2012;83(1, Art. #2, 4 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v83i1.2

  1. A short history of nuclear activities in Mendoza province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uranium was found in Mendoza in 1946 in 'Soberania' and 'Independencia' mines. After its creation in 1950 CNEA, together with Cuyo National University (UNC), developed the mining industry starting with the 'Papagayos' mine. It can be considered the beginning of the systematic exploitation of uranium in the country. In course of time the province of Mendoza passed to get one of the most uraniferous reserve of Argentina and it has accumulated the major production till now. However, in the last years there has been opposition to resume the production in the Sierra Pintada Uranium Manufacturing Complex. There was also a powerful land continuous progress in the field of no energetic applications of nuclear techniques in the province. The most outstanding example is the 'School of Nuclear Medicine Foundation', with installations in Mendoza city and in San Rafael. Besides, there is a research and development group in Cuyo National University devoted to the Nuclear Safety. Finally, we can not fail to mention the Auger Pierre Project, which is building in Malargue an observatory for the study of the cosmic rays. (author)

  2. Parasitic Infections of Free –Range Chickens from Golestan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Rahbari

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, intensity, and species of internal and external parasites of native fowls from Golestan Province, north of Iran. "nMethods: During 2007, different organs of 26 and 24  adult female native fowls  collected   from hu­mid parts (Gorgan, Kord Kooy, Ramian and Bandar Gaz and dry regions  (Gonbad Kavoos, and Ban­dar Torkaman of Golestan Province,  respectively were searched for parasite. Two blood smears taken from each bird were stained with Geimsa. External parasites and nematodes were preserved in 70 % alcohol containing 5% glycerin. Cestodes were fixed in 10% formalin and stained with carmine acid for further studies. "nResults: Fifteen species of parasites were collected from alimentary canals, lungs, feathers and subcu­ta­neous nodules as follows: Alimentary canal: Ascaridia galli (56%, Heterakis gallinarum (24%, Capil­laria anatis (4%, Cheilospirura hamulosa (4%, Raillietina tetragona (58%, R. echinobothrida (6%, and Choanotaenia infundibulum (8%; Lungs: Syngamus trachea (16%; Feathers: Monopon gallinae (40%, Menacanthus stramineus (40%, Liperus caponis (32%, Goniodes dissimilis (38%, Cuclogaster heterographus (8%, Dermanissus gallinae (20% and subcutaneous nodules: Lami­nosioptes cysticola (6%. "nConclusion: The frequency distribution of most species was low. L. cysticola is the first host and distri­bution record for Iran

  3. Helminth Parasites of Rhombomys Opimus from Golestan Province, Northeast Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B Kamranrashani

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of the study was to determine the helminthic species occurring in great gerbil Rhombomys opimus collected from Maraveh Tappeh, Golestan Province, northeast Iran.Methods: During 2010-2011, a total of 77 R. opimus were captured from rural areas of Maraveh Tap­peh, Golestan Province, using Sherman live traps and examined for infectivity with any larva or adult stages of helminthic parasites.Results: Overall, 63 R. opimus (81.8% were found infected with different helminthic species. The rate of infectivity with each species was as follows: Trichuris rhombomidis 31.2%, Trichuris muris 32.5%, Trichuris spp. 10.4%, Syphacia muris 2.6%, Dipetalonema viteae (Acanthocheilonema viteae 37.7%, Skrjabinotae­nia lobata 15.6%, Hymenolepis (=Rodentolepis nana fraterna 5.2%, and Taenia endothoracicus larva 1.3%.Conclusion: R. opimus is host for several species of cestodes and nematodes in the study area. The high rate of infectivity with D. viteae indicates the susceptibility of these gerbils to this filarial nema­tode. Synchronous infections occurred up to four species of helminthes in one host.

  4. Geochronological and chemical surveys of Maracau subvolcanic province - Folha de Santa Quiteria (CE, in Brazil)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The regional geology and geochronological and chemical characteristics of Maracau-CE, in Brazil, subvolcanic province are described. The Brazilian ages of implantation and regional geology are discussed together with the chemical constitution of various lithologic types: the origin and correlation with other subvolcanic provinces in Ceara State are considered. (Author)

  5. Geothermal energy in the Dutch province Noord-Holland. Survey of sites for geothermal energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Province of North Holland, the Netherlands, commissioned an outlook on the opportunities for geothermal energy in North Holland. The outlook addresses both the opportunities offered underground and possible locations for heat sales that follow from the regional plans of the province.

  6. The analysis report on the development of agricultural product radiation processing industry in Henan province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thorough investigation and study the problems of sustainable development about radiation processing industry of agricultural products in Henan Province, put forward to promote a series of policies for sustainable development to radiation processing industry of agricultural products in Henan Province. (authors)

  7. Presence of the Giant Otter, Pteronura brasiliensis, in the Corrientes Province, Argentina

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    Beccaceci M.D.

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available The skull of a giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis recovered in the Corrientes Province from Argentina is described. The skull, which lacks one upper canine and the lower mandible, is believed to be several decades old. This is the first collection of biological material confirming the existence of this species in the province.

  8. Current Situation and Countermeasures of Fitness Club Industry of Shandong Province

    OpenAIRE

    Yun Ma

    2011-01-01

    By means of literature review, questionnaire survey and field studies, we investigated to the fitness clubs inShandong, analyzed the factors affecting the development of the fitness club industry of Shandong province, putforward the new management proposals strengthening the management consciousness of the modern athleticsindustry, so as to promote the industry of the fitness clubs of Shandong province to achieve greater development.

  9. Lack of MERS Coronavirus Neutralizing Antibodies in Humans, Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia

    OpenAIRE

    Gierer, Stefanie; Hofmann-winkler, Heike; Albuali, Waleed H.; Bertram, Stephanie; Al-rubaish, Abdullah M.; Yousef, Abdullah A.; Al-nafaie, Awatif N.; Al-ali, Amein K.; Obeid, Obeid E.; Alkharsah, Khaled R.; Po?hlmann, Stefan

    2013-01-01

    We used a lentiviral vector bearing the viral spike protein to detect neutralizing antibodies against Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in persons from the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. None of the 268 samples tested displayed neutralizing activity, which suggests that MERS-CoV infections in humans are infrequent in this province.

  10. The Way of Regional Economic Development by Cooperating Activities of Xinjiang and Other Provinces of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helaiti·Mahemuti XUE

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the cooperation efficiency between Xinjiang Uygru Autonomous Region (XUAR and the western provinces of China in the first stage (1999-2011 to estimate the cooperation possibility for next period and the optimal way of cooperation process. This paper analyzed and compared the main macroeconomic indicators of XUAR and the western provinces, by using the macroeconomic data of China and 12 western provinces from 1999 to 2011. The correlation coefficient proved that the economic development correlates highly of XUAR and the western provinces in the period from 1999 to 2011. This paper also compared the main economic indices, such as GDP, growth rate and so on, to know the status of economic condition of each province. The result proves that the cooperation activities between XUAR and the western provinces not only improved the XUAR’s economy but also provided more finances chances for the western provinces, and the cooperation was successful in the first phase. However, this research found the some issues existed in the process of cooperation. To solve these questions in next cooperation, this paper pointed out several main problems, including the lack of the investment in fixed assets and foreign capital, readjusting industrial structure, reducing the residents’ income gap between XUAR and the western provinces and nationwide as well.

  11. TRADE AND HANDICRAFT INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT FEATURES IN IRKUTSK PROVINCE AT THE END OF XIX CENTURY

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    Semina Snezhana Alexandrovna

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The article highlights the importance of nature-geographic conditions and factors that determine trade and handicraft industrial features in the Irkutsk Province at the end of the XIX century. The article’s objective is to represent an overall view on handicraft industry background in the Irkutsk Province at the end of XIX Century.

  12. Perceptions regarding the clinical accompaniment of student nurses in the Limpopo Province

    OpenAIRE

    Valerie Ehlers; Wal, Dirk M.; Lekhuleni, Esther M.

    2004-01-01

    A quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional survey was carried out in the Limpopo Province to identify the perceptions of student nurses, nurse educators and unit supervisors concerning student nurses’ clinical accompaniment in this province. Opsomming ‘n Kwantitatiewe, beskrywende, deursnitopname is gebruik om die persepsies van verpleegstudente, verpleegopvoedkundiges en eenheidstoesighouers oor verpleegstudente se kliniese begeleiding in the Limpopo ...

  13. Malnutrition in China's Rural Boarding Schools: The Case of Primary Schools in Shaanxi Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Renfu; Shi, Yaojiang; Zhang, Linxiu; Liu, Chengfang; Rozelle, Scott; Sharbono, Brian

    2009-01-01

    The main goal of this paper is to document the nature of boarding schools and empirically analyse the difference in nutrition intake and malnutrition status between boarding and non-boarding students in western rural China. By using two data sets on boarding schools and boarding students in Shaanxi Province, a representative province in western…

  14. China Forest Aboveground Biomass Estimation by Fusion of Inventory and Remote Sensing Data: 1st results from Heilongjiang Province and Yunnan Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, Y.; Li, Z.; Huang, G.; Sun, G.; Cheng, Z.; Zhang, Z.; Zhang, G.

    2013-12-01

    Forests play an irreplaceable role in maintaining regional ecological environment, global carbon balance and mitigating global climate change. Forest aboveground biomass (AGB) is an important indicator of forest carbon stocks. Estimating forest aboveground biomass accurately could significantly reduce the uncertainties in terrestrial ecosystem carbon cycle. LIDAR provides accurate information on the vertical structure of forests (Lefsky et al., 2007; Naesset et al., 2004; Pang et al., 2008). Combining airborne LiDAR and spaceborne LiDAR for regional forest biomass retrieval could provide a more reliable and accurate quantitative information in regional forest biomass estimate (Boudreau et al., 2008; Nelson et al., 2009; Pang et al., 2011; Saatchi et al., 2011). The Heilongjiang Province and Yunnan Province are rich in forest resources and suffers intensive forest management activities for timber products. The Heilongjiang Province is typical in temperate forest and the Yunnan Province contains multiple forest types including tropical forest. These two provinces also have good ground inventory system with thousands of permanent field plots. Two campaign consists of in-situ measurement, airborne Lidar data and spaceborne data fusion were designed and implemented. First results show that i). Both spaceborne lidar and forest inventory data are useful for AGB mapping at province level. ii). The combination of spaceborne lidar and forest inventory data gave better biomass estimation with less bias. iii). A pixel level bias mapping was also proposed and gave spatial explicit map of estimation uncertainties. This method will be investigated further with more reference data and tested in other area.

  15. The arsenic contamination of rice in Guangdong Province, the most economically dynamic provinces of China: arsenic speciation and its potential health risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Kai; Lu, Shaoyou; Wang, Jun; Yang, Yuyi

    2014-10-01

    Rice is a staple food in China, but it may contain toxic heavy metals. Hence, the concentrations of arsenic (As) species (As(III), As(V), MMA and DMA) were evaluated in 260 rice samples from 13 cities of Guangdong Province, the most economically dynamic provinces of China. The levels of sum concentrations of As species in rice samples varied from non-detect to 225.58 ng g(-1), with an average value of 57.27 ng g(-1). The mean concentrations of the major As species detected in rice samples were in the order As(III) (34.77 ng g(-1)) > As(V) (9.34 ng g(-1)) > DMA (8.33 ng g(-1)) > MMA (4.82 ng g(-1)). The rice samples of Guangdong Province were categorized as inorganic As type. Significant geographical variation of As speciation existed in rice samples of 13 cities of Guangdong Province by chi-square test (p < 0.05). The average human weekly intakes of inorganic As via rice consumption in Guangdong Province, southern China, were 1.91 µg kg(-1) body weight. Hazard quotients of total As via rice consumption of adults in 13 cities ranged from 0.06 to 0.30, indicating the As contents in rice from Guangdong Province had no potential adverse impact on human health. PMID:25287102

  16. Crustal extension and transform faulting in the southern Basin Range Province. [California, Arizona, and Nevada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liggett, M. A. (principal investigator); Childs, J. F.

    1974-01-01

    The author has identified the following significant results. Field reconnaissance and study of geologic literature guided by analysis of ERTS-1 MSS imagery have led to a hypothesis of tectonic control of Miocene volcanism, plutonism, and related mineralization in part of the Basin Range Province of southern Nevada and northwestern Arizona. The easterly trending right-lateral Las Vegas Shear Zone separates two volcanic provinces believed to represent areas of major east-west crustal extension. One volcanic province is aligned along the Colorado River south of the eastern termination of the Las Vegas Shear Zone; the second province is located north of the western termination of the shear zone in southern Nye County, Nevada. Geochronologic, geophysical, and structural evidence suggests that the Las Vegas Shear Zone may have formed in response to crustal extension in the two volcanic provinces in a manner similar to the formation of a ridge-ridge transform fault, as recognized in ocean floor tectonics.

  17. The Analysis of Development Condition of Taekwondo Dan System in Hebei Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cao Shen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article made use of the literature, questionnaire and mathematical statistics method for the Taekwondo practitioners and coaches in Hebei province to carry out investigation, analysis on the development situation of Dan system of Taekwondo, to influence and implement Dan system development of Taekwondo in Hebei province. The results showed, most road museums are organizing assessment of Dan System, but there is still half of the practitioners are willing to participate in grading system of examination and did not participate in. The results show that the development of grading system of Taekwondo in Hebei province, however, there are still some problems. The research of this paper provides a theoretical basis for the development of Hebei province, but also to contribute to the promotion of Taekwondo Dan made better development in Hebei province.

  18. Epidemiologic and demographic survey of celiac disease in khuzestan province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alavinejad, Pezhman; Hajiani, Eskandar; Masjedizadeh, Rahim; Hashemi, Seyed Jalal; Faramarzi, Mohammad; Sebghatollahi, Vahid; Shayesteh, Ali Akbar; Kadkhodae, Ahmad; Jasemi Zergani, Farzad; Asghari, Shahnaz; Farsi, Farnaz

    2014-04-01

    BACKGROUND Celiac disease presents with a wide spectrum of symptoms. This study clarifies different aspects of celiac disease along with the most common patterns of celiac presentation in Khuzestan Province, Iran. METHODS Patients' information was obtained by evaluation of their files from the archives of the Khuzestan Celiac Society and records at gastroenterologists' offices in this province. RESULTS Overall, there were 103 (40 males, 63 females) patients included in this study. Patients' mean ages were 33 ± 11 years (males) and 31.6 ± 11.7 years (females). In terms of geographic distribution, 54.1% resided in the center of the province followed by 26.5% who were residents of the northern area. The rate of employment among men was 70.6% whereas it was 8.3% for women. In terms of education, 21.9% of men and 33.3% of women had academic educations. The rate of matrimony was 80.6% (n=29) for men, 65.4% (n=38) for women and 3.4% (n=2) who were divorced. Mean height was 164 ± 14 cm in men and 157.5 ± 10 cm in women. Mean BMI at the time of presentation was 22.7 in men and 22.6 in women. The most common gastrointestinal (GI) complaints in male patients were diarrhea (35%), reflux (20%), bloating (17.5%), abdominal pain (15%), vomiting (15%) and constipation (7.5%). Female patients experienced diarrhea (49.2%), abdominal pain (31.7%), bloating (31.7%), vomiting (19%), constipation(9.5%) and reflux (7.9%). The most common concomitant non-GI disorders among male patients were anemia (17.1%), thyroid disease (14.3%), and weight loss (14.3%); women experienced anemia (33.9%), thyroid disease (12.5%), and weight loss (7.1%). Approximately half of the patients exhibited symptoms for more than five years prior to diagnosis and 90% were diagnosed by gastroenterologists. Of these, 43% had normal endoscopy results. The most common serologic markers were anti-TTG (69.9%), anti-EMA (27.7%). CONCLUSION Physicians, prior to attributing patients' symptoms to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), should be aware that patients who present with long-term nonspecific symptoms might possibly have celiac disease. During endoscopy, the threshold for obtaining biopsies should be low. PMID:24872869

  19. Paleomagnetism and Thermochronometry of the Grenville Province, Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunlop, D. J.

    2009-05-01

    The Grenville Province, a marginal orogen of the Canadian Precambrian Shield, extends through southern Ontario, Québec and Labrador, with equivalents in Fennoscandia. Before the Iapetus Ocean opened, the Canadian and Fennoscandian orogens were contiguous. Age-equivalent rocks in small exposures in the Appalachians, Texas and Mexico suggest that the subsurface extent of Grenvillia is comparable to that of the Superior Province, the Archean core of the Canadian Shield. It was therefore a substantial continent in its own right at the time it collided with the Superior, Southern and Nain Provinces. However, most of our paleomagnetic knowledge comes from a narrow zone on the (present-day) northern margin of Grenvillia, comprising the Grenville Front Tectonic Zone of reactivated rocks as old as Archean, the Central Gneiss Belt (CGB) with deeply buried and exhumed Proterozoic rocks, and the Central Medisedimentary Belt (CMB), containing a core of less deeply buried rocks where some pre-collisional paleomagnetic information has survived. 40Ar/39Ar thermochronometry has been vital in determining the age relationships of paleomagnetic overprints (often two, occasionally even three, in individual formations) and establishing the Grenville Track of the Laurentian APWP. Most 40Ar/39Ar mineral ages are in the 850 to 1000 Ma range but there is enough separation between key tiepoint poles to permit clockwise and counterclockwise alternatives for the Grenville "Loop". Of great interest are the short track segments defined by mean poles for different domains of the CGB and terranes of the CMB because these may record the sequence of assemblage and/or burial and uplift. Unfortunately the profound contrast between uplift ages of different CMB terranes, as indicated by their hornblende, mica and feldspar 40Ar/39Ar data, is not borne out by the relatively minor differences in mean poles for the same terranes. The "Grenville problem" is therefore still not laid to rest, and furthermore raises questions about the assumed parallelism between resetting of magnetic remanences and resetting of 40Ar/39Ar mineral ages. One or the other (or both!) seems to be responsive to chemical / thermochemical resetting as well as purely thermal resetting.

  20. Energy consumption and income in Chinese provinces: Heterogeneous panel causality analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ? We examine the Granger causality between GDP and energy use for Chinese provinces. ? We use panel causality techniques and take into consideration panel heterogeneity. ? Homogeneous causality tests fail and we test for panel heterogeneous causality. ? Causality holds for 19 provinces from GDP to energy and in the opposite direction for 14 provinces. ? The results point to the importance of the government’s recent energy-saving policies. -- Abstract: Recently, energy production in China fell behind energy consumption. This poses important challenges for the rapidly growing Chinese economy. As a consequence, the causal relationship between energy consumption and GDP is an important empirical issue. This paper examines Granger causality between energy consumption and GDP in China using province-level data. The current paper extends the Granger causality analysis employed in previous studies by taking into account panel heterogeneity. Specifically, four different causal relationships are examined: homogeneous non-causality (HNC), homogeneous causality (HC), heterogeneous non-causality (HENC), and heterogeneous causality (HEC). HC and HNC hypotheses are rejected for causality in either direction, from GDP to energy or from energy to GDP, which implies that the panel made up of Chinese provinces is not homogeneous. Then, heterogeneous causality tests (HEC ad HENC) are conducted for each province. For the causality running from GDP to energy, 19 provinces exhibit HEC and 11 provinces exhibit HENC. For the causality running from energy to GDP, 14 provinces exhibit HEC and 16 provinces exhibit HENC. The results suggest that the Chinese government should incorporate a regional perspective while formulating and implementing energy policies.

  1. Investigation of natural radionuclide contents in soil in Heilongjiang Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors report the methods and results of survey of natural radionuclides in soil in Heilongjiang Province. The collecting points of soil are same as the measuring points of ? radiation dose rate of environmental ground. 331 soil samples were collected and analysed by ?-spectrometry, of which 250 points were sited in uniformly distributed networks of size 50 km x 50 km and 25 km x 25 km. The results show that the area-weighted mean of 238U, 226Ra, 232Th and 40K was 26.2, 22.0, 42.3 and 546.0 Bq·kg-1, respectively. The point-weighted mean of 238U, 226Ra, 232Th and 40K was 26.2, 22.2, 43.0 and 561.7 Bq·kg-1, respectively

  2. "Seroepidemiological Survey of Brucellosis Among Animal Farmers of Yazd Province"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MH Salari

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Brucellosis has remained a great problem of health in most of countries, which have failed in control of zoonosis infections. This disease is caused by species of Brucella and usually is transferred from animals to humans. The purpose of this study was to investigate the seroprevalence of brucellosis among animal farmers of Yazd province. In this descriptive study, 933 animal farmers were investigated by serological tests and blood culture method. Then the data were analyzed by SPPS statistical program. The results showed that the frequency distribution of seropositive cases by MAT and STAT were 35 (3.2%; 25 (2.7% males and 10 (1.1% females. The highest and lowest incidences of seropositive cases were among age group of 21-30 (1% and more than 60 (0.3% years old, respectively. Of the 35 seropositive cases, 2MET positive were 5 (0.5%, while all blood cultures were negative.

  3. Natural radiation level and doses to population in Anhui province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The absorbed dose rates in air 1 m above the ground from natural radiation and terrestrial gamma radiation in Anhui Province were surveyed. One measurement was made in every area of 90 km2. The absorbed dose rates in air from terrestrial radiation range from 54 to 90 nGy.h-1 with an average of 70 nGy.h-1. The ratios of indoors-to-outdoors and of roads-to-outdoors are 1.5 and 0.9 respectively. The annual effective dose equivalent from external radiation is 0.68-1.05 mSv. The population-weighted average values for mountain area, plain, hilly land, and the Changjiang River basin as well as the annual collective effective dose equivalent were calculated

  4. Level of environmental natural radiation in Yunnan province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The average absorbed dose rate of cosmic radiation in air is 4.8 x 10-8 Gy.h-1 in Yunnan Procince. The absorbed dose rates from terrestrial gamma radiation in air range from 1.5 to 29.4 x 10-8 Gy.h-1, with an average of 9.0 x 10-8 Gy.h-1. The effective dose equivalent to population per year from cosmic radiation is 406 ?Sv. The annual external effective dose equivalent to population ranges from 434 to 1,738 ?Sv, with an average of 1,118 ?Sv. Among them the contribution of cosmic radiation is 36.8%, and that of terrestrial radiation is 63.2%. The collective effective dose equivalent to population in this province is 3.5 x 104 man.Sv

  5. EMPOWERMENT MANAGEMENT AND ECONOMY IN STARRED HOTELS IN GAZIANTEP PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Mustafa METE

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract-Empowerment is giving authority and responsibility to the people who do the work in the organization. In this respect, especially at the hotel businesses where production and consumption occur simultaneously and thus there is no possibility for compensation, it will sure let the employees to gain time and money when they get the whole authority and responsibility about their job. For this reason, it is aimed to determine the levels of empowerment in stared hotel businesses in Gaziantep province by conduction a face to face survey among the employees. As a result of the study, it has seen that the empowerment applications are not conducted sufficiently. In this case, it is caused both economical loss and also not effective use of time.

  6. Vegetation of Doi Tung, Chiang Rai Province, Northern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. F. Maxwell

    Full Text Available The climate of Doi Tung, Chiang Rai Province, is monsoonal with three distinctseasons, viz. cool-dry, hot-dry, and rainy. The elevation ranges from c. 350-1525m and mostof the bedrock is limestone and granite. Vegetation below c. 1000m is mostly deciduous,while above this it is evergreen. A mixed evergreen + deciduous facies is present on thelimestone peaks (up to 1425m. Forest destruction as well as settlements are widespread,thus creating increasingly severe problems with water resources, soil quality and stability, andbiodiversity. The planting on pine monocultures in deforested areas 20 years ago in uplandgranite areas has resulted in much environmental degradation which requires immediaterectification.

  7. Occurrence of ectoparasites on rodents in Sukhothai Province, northern Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Changbunjong, Tanasak; Weluwanarak, Thekhawet; Chamsai, Tatiyanuch; Sedwisai, Poonyapat; Ngamloephochit, Seni; Suwanpakdee, Sarin; Yongyuttawichai, Plern; Wiratsudakul, Anuwat; Chaichoun, Kridsada; Ratanakorn, Parntep

    2010-11-01

    A survey of ectoparasites on rodents was carried out bimonthly from April 2008 to March 2009 in 3 districts of Sukhothai Province, northern Thailand. A total of 130 rodents comprising 8 species of hosts were captured and examined for ectoparasites. The hosts examined were Bandicota indica, Bandicota savilei, Rattus losea, Rattus rattus, Rattus exulans, Rattus norvegicus, Menetes berdmorei and Tamiops mcclellandii. Ninety-seven ectoparasites were collected: 1 species of tick (Hemaphysalis bandicota), 2 species of mites (Laelaps nuttali and Laelaps echidninus), and 1 species of flea (Xenopsylla cheopis) were identified. The infestation rates by ticks, mites and fleas on the rodents were 0.77, 5.38 and 6.15%, respectively. Monitoring the rodent population and their ectoparasites is important for future planning of prevention and control of zoonotic diseases in the area. PMID:21329306

  8. Natural radionuclide level of building materials in Zhejiang province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports on the concentrations and the relative radioactivity of 226Ra, 232Th, 40K in 132 building material samples collected in Zhejiang Province. And the results of 16 different types of finished building material product were compared. The range of concentrations of radium-equivalent was found to be between 0.5 pCi/g and 8.3 pCi/g in all finished building material products except coal cinder bricks. Besides, a few kinds of raw building materials with very high radioactivity, such as color glaze powder, phosphorgypsum, iron powder, and bauxite, were noticed. These materials seem to be the contributory factors for the higher radionuclide level of finished products; therefore, the materials to be used in building should be selected and controlled beforehand. Meanwhile, the annual additional dose-equivalent to human body caused by common building materials in Zhejiang was also estimated according to their radioactivity levels. (author)

  9. Herpetofauna, Parc National des Volcans, North Province, Republic of Rwanda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roelke, C. E.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Herein is presented a list of the reptiles and anurans from the Parc National des Volcans (PNV(01°43’ S, 29°52’ W, an area in the west and north provinces of the Republic of Rwanda in the Albertine Riftregion of Africa. Fieldwork was conducted between two and six days per week from June through August2007 and 2008. We also conducted literature searches of all historical expeditions within the park for speciesrecords. Seventeen species of reptiles and anurans are recorded from the PNV. Nine of the species were anurans,distributed in five families: Arthroleptidae (3, Bufonidae (1, Hyperoliidae (3, Phrynobatrachidae (1, andPipidae (1. Eight species of reptiles were recorded from five families: Chamaeleonidae (1, Lacertidae (2,Scincidae (2, Colubridae (2, and Viperidae (1. Eight of the seventeen species found in the PNV are endemicto the Albertine Rift.

  10. Rapid environmental change during dynastic transitions in Yunnan Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillman, Aubrey L.; Yu, JunQing; Abbott, Mark B.; Cooke, Colin A.; Bain, Daniel J.; Steinman, Byron A.

    2014-08-01

    Pollution and eutrophication of Chinese lakes are widely perceived to be 20th century phenomena. However, China has a long history of deforestation, agriculture, mineral resource extraction, and other anthropogenic activities that impact the environment. Here, we present a sediment record from Xing Yun Lake in the Yunnan Province of China that reveals significant alterations to the lake, its ecosystem, and its watershed beginning as early as 500 AD. A comprehensive suite of biogeochemical and isotopic proxies reveal several rapid transitions related to changes in agriculture and lake-level management that coincides with cultural and dynastic transitions. The deterioration of contemporary environmental conditions at Xing Yun arises from a long history of anthropogenic manipulation, eutrophication, and pollution of the lake and its watershed. This study highlights the importance of using historical records of industrial and agricultural activities, including landscape modification, in conjunction with records of climate change, to place present day environmental concerns into a long-term context.

  11. Changes in Ecosystem Service Values in Fuxin City, Liaoning Province

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    Guowei Li

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Variation in ecosystem services value across land-use scenarios in Fuxin City of Liaoning Province were explored in the study. Two-period land use survey data (1996 and 2010 were used to estimate changes in the size of seven land use categories and the most recently published value equivalent was used to estimate changes in the values of ecosystem services. The total value of ecosystem services in Fuxin City was 17674.75 million Yuan in 1996 and 19077.59 million Yuan in 2010, with an increase of 1402.84 million Yuan mainly due to the inclining areas of forestland and grass land, which indicated the eco-environment in Fuxin City has been becoming better and better. However, agricultural land including farmland and orchard showed the tendency of decrease, which indicated food security has been facing with challenge in Fuxin City.

  12. Estimating methane emissions from mangrove area in Ranong Province, Thailand

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    Suwanchai Nitisoravut

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to estimate methane emissions from the mangrove area of Ranong Province andto explore the factors affecting the emissions, as part of an attempt to evaluate methane contribution to the global methane budget. Methane was measured by using a closed chamber technique and analyzed by a gas chromatograph equipped with a flame ionization detector (FID. The results showed that the annual estimated methane emission was released at approximately 157.32 mg/m2. The amount of methane emission from this mangrove area was lower than in other previously studied areas. Emission rates varied seasonally with the highest rate in the rainy season followed by summer and cold seasons, during which the values were 0.52, 0.27, and 0.19 mg/m2/day, respectively. Seasonal variations of methane emission was related to several factors depending upon field conditions such as water conductivity, soil temperature, and water level.

  13. Student nurses' experiences during clinical practice in the Limpopo Province

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    BT, Mabuda; E, Potgieter; UU, Alberts.

    Full Text Available A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and contextual study was conducted to explore student nurses' experiences during clinical practice at a nursing college in the Limpopo Province. Purposive sampling was used and phenomenological interviews were held with eleven (11) student nurses who were in t [...] heir final year of the four year basic nursing programme. The interviews were analysed by using Tesch's method of data analysis for qualitative research. The findings indicate that there are aspects which impact negatively on student nurses' clinical learning experiences, such as lack of teaching and learning support, lack of opportunities for learning, poor theory-practice integration, and poor interpersonal relationships between the students, college tutors and ward staff. Recommendations to enhance the clinical learning experiences of student nurses were outlined.

  14. International immigration, internal migration, and homicide in Canadian provinces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andresen, Martin A

    2013-05-01

    The relationship between immigration and crime is politically charged and often fueled by the presence (or lack) of xenophobia. Many theoretical and empirical assessments of this relationship indicate that immigration does indeed lead to increased crime, but more recent (and very early) research investigating homicide calls this finding into question. The current analysis investigates the relationship between immigration and homicide using multiple measures of migration and Canadian provinces as the unit of analysis. It is found that the link between immigration and homicide is complex and dependent on the measure of migration used. Generally speaking, the results presented here are consistent with the more recent and very early research. Immigration, in and of itself, does not increase homicide. Rather it is the increase in the most criminogenic subpopulation that matters, that is young males. PMID:22436732

  15. The provinces and carbon pricing : three inconvenient truths

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article discussed the role that the federal government should play in introducing a carbon price policy in Canada whereby a carbon tax would be instituted to send a price signal to those considering future investment in carbon-intensive energy projects. It focused on bridging the gap between federal and provincial jurisdictions and assessed how various carbon pricing models can play a role in environmental federalism while allowing provinces to remain involved in policy making. Policy commitments related to emissions and cap-and-trade systems were discussed along with carbon import tariffs and domestic carbon taxes. In a market-based policy on climate change, proceeds of carbon taxes will serve to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This article also reviewed tax incentives as well as price signal systems designed to ensure successful climate change adjustments for Canadian enterprises. 1 fig

  16. Identifying sports cultural opportunity – Case Study of Mazandaran Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Ahmadzadeh

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Sport is an important tool to draw the national attention. Sport is a big assembly to make identity. Also, sport is a cause for identity and unity. The purpose of this study is to identify the cultural opportunity of sport in the province of Mazandaran in Iran. The research method was mixed. Sequential exploratory mixed method of the first method is qualitative and quantitative methods. The study included all the Mazandaran managers, coaches, experts, judges and athletes at the national level. The results show that directors, judges and experts believe that people's happiness and euphoria in winning the sports events is the most sport important cultural opportunity in Mazandaran (All kinds of sport were included. A lot of money is spent on TV programs and movies to fill the people's free time.

  17. Fish Anisakidae Helminthes in KHuzestan Province, South West of Iran

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    A Farahnak

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Fish including; Barbus spp, Cyprinus carpio, Liza abu and Aspius vorax have very important role in the economic condition of the rural areas of Khuzestan province. These fish have been consumed as fried or roasted. Inadequately cooked fish, could be served as a source of infection in these communities. For this reasons, 701 fish were trapped from 4 lagoons (Atash, Sobhanieh, Al-hai, Houfel and transported alive to Ahwaz Health Research Center .Their skin, gills, eyes, muscles, intestine and body cavity were examined carefully. In 54 (7.7% of fish,.6 cases of Contracaecum sp. (0.85% and 48 Anisakis sp. (6.8% were identified belong to helminth family of anisakidae. These results suggested that human anisakiasis could be health hazard in these areas.

  18. Large Igneous Province Volcanism, Ocean Anoxia and Marine Mass Extinction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruhl, Micha; Bjerrum, Christian J.

    2013-01-01

    Past global marine mass extinction events are often linked to terrestrial Large Igneous Province (LIP) volcanism, but exact mechanisms driving extinction are often not well constrained. We studied two of Earth’s largest mass extinction events, at the Triassic-Jurassic (~201.4 Ma) and Permian-Triassic (~252 Ma) boundaries, which coincide with Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) and Siberian Trap volcanism, respectively. The Triassic-Jurassic mass extinction is often contributed to carbon release driven ocean acidification while the Permian-Triassic mass extinction is suggested to be related to widespread ocean anoxia. We compare Permian-Triassic and Triassic-Jurassic ocean redox change along continental margins in different geographic regions (Permian-Triassic: Greenland, Svalbard, Iran; Triassic-Jurassic: UK, Austria) and discuss its role in marine mass extinction. Speciation of iron [(FeHR/ FeT) and (FePY/ FeHR)] and redox-sensitive trace element concentrations (e.g. Mo, V etc.) show that the Triassic-Jurassic marine mass extinction directly coincides with a rapid shift to anoxic and euxinic conditions at the onset of CAMP volcanism and increased atmospheric pCO2. Biotic recovery after the extinction event only commences when redox-conditions return from a euxinic to a ferruginous state and stabilization of marine ecosystems only commences after decreasing atmospheric pCO2 and a return to more oxic marine conditions. Iron-speciation at both the Triassic-Jurassic and Permian-Triassic mass extinctions however shows 2 phases of euxinia along continental margins, with an initial short peak at the onset of volcanism followed by a shift to ferruginous conditions, possibly due to a strongly diminished ocean sulphate reservoir because of massive initial pyrite burial. D34Spyrite suggests that following prolonged (several 100kyr) euxinic conditions only commence when the ocean sulphate reservoir is replenished by the release of sulphur from volcanism.

  19. Malignant Salivary Glands Tumors in Kerman Province: A Retrospective Study

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    M.S. Hashemi Pour

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Malignant salivary glands tumors (MSGTs are uncommon cancers. The most common site of these cancers is the parotid gland. Some investigations show these cancers preference for males than females. The majority of MSGTs arise in sixth decade of human life. According to the literature review for the present work, there is a few epidemiological researches about MSGTs in Iran and especially there isn't any study in Kerman province. So the aim of this study was investigation the incidence, sex, age, histological types, and site distribution of MSGTs in the Kerman province during the time period from March 1991 to March 2002.Methods and Materials: Documents and records of 70 patients with MSGTs diagnosed from March 1991 to March 2002 were reviewed. The patients' records were analyzed based on gender, age, location, and histopathological type of the tumor. Data were analyzed by SPSS-13.5 statistical software using t-test, chi-square, and ANOVA tests.Results: During this period of time, 70 cases (43men, 27 women of MSGTs had been diagnosed. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma was the most common cancer (30% and the parotid was the most affected site (70%. The age range was 10-86 years old with the overall mean age of 50.18 ± 17.97.Discussion: Despite a considerable volume of literatures written about MSGTs in many countries, the incidence of these cancers haven't as yet been thoroughly documented or analyzed in Iran. However, comparison between the findings of this study with the results of other investigations showed a relative consistency.

  20. Odyssean malaria outbreaks in Gauteng Province, South Africa, 2007 - 2013

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    J, Frean; B, Brooke; J, Thomas; L, Blumberg.

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Odyssean malaria refers to malaria transmitted by translocated mosquitoes and is a diagnosis of exclusion, as the probability of finding the responsible vector is miniscule. We believe that road traffic from endemic areas in and around South Africa is the source of most of the infected m [...] osquitoes. Because of the unexpected nature of the disease, diagnosis is often delayed and severe and complicated malaria is common. OBJECTIVES: To describe outbreaks of odyssean malaria during the period 2007 through 2013 in Gauteng Province, South Africa, and to educate healthcare workers about this form of malaria. METHODS: Site visits, environmental hygiene inspections, patient interviews, and entomological investigations for adult mosquitoes and larvae in potential breeding sites were done in each identified outbreak. RESULTS: Over the period, 14 laboratory-proven and 7 probable cases of odyssean malaria were investigated. There were 2 deaths (9.5% case fatality rate, approximately 10 times higher than the national fatality rate for malaria). We describe two recent clusters of cases in detail, and emphasise the importance of clinician awareness of this rare but frequently severe form of malaria. CONCLUSION: Odyssean malaria cases are inevitable in South Africa, given the volume of road, rail and air traffic from malaria risk areas into Gauteng and other non-endemic provinces. It is likely that many cases are missed, owing to the rare and sporadic nature of the condition. Malaria should always be kept in mind as a cause of unexplained fever and thrombocytopenia, even in the absence of a travel history.

  1. Investigation of environmental natural penetrating radiation level in Jilin Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The methods and results of the investigation on natural penetrating radiation level in Changchun Province are presented. 300 25 km x 25 km-grid measuring points were set up uniformly all over the province, with 324 densely measuring points of different types added. The results show that: (1) The area-weighted, population-weighted and point-weighted average values of natural ? radiation dose rate for field are 54.5, 58.1 and 55.7 nGy·-1, respectively; (2) The point-weighted average values of natural ? dose rate for road are 57.6 nGy·-1; (3) The population-weighted and point-weighted average values of natural ? radiation dose rate inside building are 94.4 and 92.2 nGy·h-1, respectively; (4) The point-weighted and population-weighted average values of the dose rate inside building from cosmic ray are 29.2 and 28.3 nGy·h-1, and outside buildings are 32.8 and 32.3 nGy·h-1, respectively; (5) The point-weighted and population-weighted average values of natural penetrating radiation dose rate inside buildings are 122.1 and 122.7 nGy·h-1, outside buildings are 88.5 and 90.4 nGy·h-1, respectively; (6) The annual effective dose equivalents from cosmic ray, natural ? radiation and natural penetrating radiation are 0.26, 0.51 and 0.77 mSv, respectively; and correspondingly, the annual collective effective dose equivalents are 0.6, 1.2 and 1.8 x 104 man·Sv, respectivelySv, respectively

  2. Investigation of environmental natural penetrating radiation level in Shaanxi Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The methods and results of the investigation on natural penetrating radiation level in Shaanxi Province are presented. 359 25 km x 25 km-grid measuring points were set uniformly up all over the province, with 433 densely measuring points of different types added. The results show that: (1) The area-weighted, population-weighted and point-weighted average value of natural ? radiation dose rate for field is 62.0, 63.0 and 61.0 nGy·h-1, respectively; (2) The point-weighted average value of natural ? radiation dose rate for road is 63.0 nGy · h-1; (3)The population-weighted and point-weighted average value of natural ? radiation dose rate inside buildings is 100.0 and 98.0 nGy·h-1, respectively; (4)The point-weighted and population-weighted average value of the dose rate inside buildings from cosmic ray is 32.0 and 31.0 nGy·h-1, and outside buildings is 37.0 and 36.0 nGy·h-1, respectively; (5)The point-weighted and population-weighted average value of natural penetrating radiation dose rate inside buildings is 130.0 and 131.0 nGy·h-1, outside buildings is 130.0 and 130.0 nGy·h-1, respectively; (6)The annual effective dose equivalent from cosmic ray, natural ? radiation and natural penetrating radiation is 0.55, 0.28 and 0.83 mSv, respectively; and correspondingly, the annual collective effective dose equivalent is 1.63, 0.83 and 2.46 x 104 man·Sv, respectivelySv, respectively

  3. Investigation of environmental natural penetrating radiation level in Heilongjiang Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The methods and results of the investigation on natural penetrating radiation level in Heilongjiang Province are presented. 221 25 km x 25 km-grid measuring points were set uniformly up all over the province, with 555 densely measuring points of different types added. The results show that: (1)The area-weighted, population-weighted and point-weighted average value of natural ? radiation dose rate for field is 53.5, 58.5 and 54.2 nGy·h-1, respectively; (2) The point-weighted average value of natural ? radiation dose rate for road is 58.4 nGy·h-1; (3) The population-weighted and point-weighted average value of natural ? radiation dose rate inside buildings is 85.2 and 78.9 nGy·h-1, respectively; (4) The point-weighted and population-weighted average value of the dose rate inside buildings from cosmic ray is 28.6 and 28.1 nGy·h-1, and outside buildings is 32.4 and 32.2 nGy·h-1, respectively; (5) The point-weighted and population-weighted average value of natural penetrating radiation dose rate inside buildings is 109.7 and 112.8 nGy·h-1, outside buildings is 84.8 and 91.0 nGy·h-1, respectively; (6) The annual effective dose equivalent from cosmic ray, natural ? radiation and natural penetrating radiation is 0.26, 0.48 and 0.73 mSv, respectively; and correspondingly, the annual collective effective dose equivalent is 0.8 x 104, 1.6 x 104 and 2.4 x 104 msup> and 2.4 x 104 man·Sv, respectively

  4. The burden of imported malaria in Gauteng province

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ingrid B, Weber; Lee, Baker; Joy, Mnyaluza; Maila J, Matjila; Karen, Barnes; Lucille, Blumberg.

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: To describe the burden of malaria in Gauteng Province, and to identify potential risk factors for severe disease. DESIGN: We conducted a prospective survey of malaria cases diagnosed in hospitals throughout Gauteng from December 2005 to end November 2006. OUTCOME MEASURES: Malaria freque [...] ncy, severity, and treatment. RESULTS: We identified 1 701 malaria cases; 1 548 (91%) were seen at public sector hospitals and 153 (9%) at private hospitals; 1 149 (68%) patients were male. Median age was 27 years (range 1 month - 89 years). Most (84%) infections were presumed to be acquired in Mozambique. Disease severity did not differ by age or sex. Patients who were South Africanborn were more likely to have severe disease (OR=1.43 (1.08 - 1.91)), as were patients who experienced a delay >48 hours between onset of symptoms and diagnosis or treatment (OR=1.98 (1.48 - 2.65)). While most patients appropriately received quinine, only 9% of severe malaria cases received the recommended loading dose. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of malaria in Gauteng was higher than previously reported, emphasising the need to prevent malaria in travellers by correct use of non-drug measures and, when indicated, malaria chemoprophylaxis. Disease severity was increased by delays between onset and treatment and lack of partial immunity. Providers should consult the latest guidelines for treatment of malaria in South Africa, particularly about treatment of severe malaria. A change in drug policy to artemisinin combination therapy for imported uncomplicated malaria in non-malaria risk provinces should be strongly considered.

  5. Peculiarities of sulphur functionalities in the Thracian coal province, Bulgaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marinov S P

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available The Thracian coal province in Bulgaria is comprised of three main coal basins, Maritza East, Maritza West and Elhovo, with extremely immature coals (Rr = 0.18-0.21%. These Miocene-Pliocene aged low rank coals (lignites are characterized by high ash and sulphur contents, and low calorific values. Temperature programmed reduction/oxidation at atmospheric pressure (AP-TPR/TPO, coupled with on-line mass spectrometer (AP-TPR/TPO-MS and with an off-line gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer (GC-MS, were applied to the qualitative and semi-quantitative analysis of sulphur functionalities in representative samples from each basin of the coal province. Carbonates and mineral sulphur were removed by preliminary treatment with diluted acids at mild conditions to prevent effects on the TPR kinetograms. This treatment mainly removed the mineral sulphur, and its effects on organic sulphur were insignificant. Most of the organic sulphur in the Thracian lignites occurs in thiophenic structures (~ 60%. The TPR-MS profiles showed the presence of alkyl and aryl thiols, dialkyl and aryl-alkyl sulphides and thiophenes. The main organic sulphur compounds registered by the off-line AP-TPR-GC-MS were highly volatile compounds (thiols, sulphides, disulphides, alkylated thiophenes, and a lesser proportion of benzothiophenes. The disulphides (-SS- are relatively abundant in the Maritza East and Elhovo lignites. They are probably the main aliphatic sulphur species in the coal's organic matter. Aliphatic chains with sulphur bridges are also principal structural functionalities in the Maritza West organic matter. Aromatic compounds with two aromatic rings and high degrees of substitution could be key organic structures in the studied lignites.

  6. Assessing the Impacts of Wind Integration in the Western Provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sopinka, Amy

    Increasing carbon dioxide levels and the fear of irreversible climate change has prompted policy makers to implement renewable portfolio standards. These renewable portfolio standards are meant to encourage the adoption of renewable energy technologies thereby reducing carbon emissions associated with fossil fuel-fired electricity generation. The ability to efficiently adopt and utilize high levels of renewable energy technology, such as wind power, depends upon the composition of the extant generation within the grid. Western Canadian electric grids are poised to integrate high levels of wind and although Alberta has sufficient and, at times, an excess supply of electricity, it does not have the inherent generator flexibility required to mirror the variability of its wind generation. British Columbia, with its large reservoir storage capacities and rapid ramping hydroelectric generation could easily provide the firming services required by Alberta; however, the two grids are connected only by a small, constrained intertie. We use a simulation model to assess the economic impacts of high wind penetrations in the Alberta grid under various balancing protocols. We find that adding wind capacity to the system impacts grid reliability, increasing the frequency of system imbalances and unscheduled intertie flow. In order for British Columbia to be viable firming resource, it must have sufficient generation capability to meet and exceed the province's electricity self-sufficiency requirements. We use a linear programming model to evaluate the province's ability to meet domestic load under various water and trade conditions. We then examine the effects of drought and wind penetration on the interconnected Alberta -- British Columbia system given differing interconnection sizes.

  7. Hepatitis B Infection in Hemodialysis Patients in Tehran Province, Iran

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    Mitra Mahdavimazdeh

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Hemodialysis (HD patients seem to be at considerable risk of acquiring HBV infection. This study was carried out to determine the seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV infection in hemodialysis patients living in the province of Tehran and to investigate the association between viral hepatitis B and the probable risk factors for HD patients..Methods: From June to August 2005, this study was done on the entire HD population of the province of Tehran (2630 patients; 1505 males and 1125 females, mean age: 53.4 years. Social and demographic data, date of onset of HD, length of time receiving HD services, history of a kidney transplant, multiple sex partners, and other probable risk factors were evaluated. Blood samples were tested for liver enzyme levels as well as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV 1, HIV 2, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg, hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs, and hepatitis C antibody (anti-HCV..Results: A total of 64 patients were HBsAg positive (2.4%. The male-to-female ratio was 45/19 for HBsAg-positive patients and 1462/1104 for the remaining patients (P = 0.03, respectively. Except for nationality (P < 0.001, previous kidney transplants (P < 0.001, age (P < 0.001, and transient HD (P < 0.001, no association was found between HBV infection and probable risk factors..Conclusions: Common erythropoietin administration, blood testing for transfusion purposes, implementation of universal precaution in dialysis units as well as the use of dedicated machines for HBV-infected patients has led to a decreasing trend of HBV infection. Periodic surveillance of HBV infection among patients undergoing hemodialysis is strongly recommended.

  8. Uranium provinces of the Indian subcontinent and surroundings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two major regions of India, the Peninsular Indian Shield and the Himalayan Orogen, host a variety of uranium deposits and occurrences. The uranium provinces identified in the Indian Shield include four contiguous regions. The most predominant uranium mineralizations are of the hydrothermal disseminated and vein types, the quartz-pebble conglomerate type and the sandstone type. Uranium also occurs in association with phosphorites and black shales in the Himalayan region and parts of the Indian Shield. Some of the hydrothermal deposits have peneconcordant gradational stratabound characteristics suggestive of an initial syngenetic character and subsequent remobilization into zones of major tectonic and later magmatic activity. Many of the provinces are intimately associated with polymetallic mineralization, especially copper, nickel and molybdenum, as exemplified by the Singhbhum uranium-copper belt of eastern India. A broad time-bound character can be assigned to the mineralizations. Early quartz-pebble conglomerate mineralization during the period 2600 to 2900 million years (Ma) is followed by subsequent hydrothermal shear controlled mineralization in the time ranges 1600 to 1400 and 1200 to 700 Ma. In the Phanerozoic, uranium has been recycled into sedimentary basins from the earlier belts of Precambrian mineralization. This has resulted in sediments highly enriched in uranium in the Permo-Carboniferous, Cretaceous and Mio-Plio-Pleistocene sedimentary sequences. The go-Pleistocene sedimentary sequences. The geological knowledge gained by exploration efforts in the Indian subcontinent, with regard to the uranium potential in specific tectonic and lithostratigraphic horizons, has relevance in identifying favourable target areas in the adjoining countries of South-East Asia. 57 refs, 3 figs, 6 tabs

  9. Problems and Countermeasures of Tour-Guide Services in Liaoning Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna YE

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Tourism of Liaoning Province is developing with a fast speed. High quality services provided by tour guides are necessary for the development of the industry. However, in recent years, the quality and ability of the tour guides in Liaoning Province are both downgrading, and many problems in the process of service are popping up one after another. Therefore, the research into the problems of the tour-guide services in Liaoning Province has great realistic significance.
    Key words: Tour-guide service; Satisfaction; Good faith

  10. Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones. Part V. Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiyari Province.

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    Pirali-Kheirabadi, Khodadad

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Ten species of scorpions belonging to three families are reported from the montane Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiyari Province of Iran. Of these, only Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903 was formerly reported for this province, while nine species are reported for the first time: Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807, Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905, Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880, Hottentotta zagrosensis Kova?ík, 1997, Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889, Odontobuthus doriae (Thorell, 1876, Orthochirus zagrosensis Kova?ík, 2004, Hemi- scorpius lepturus Peters, 1861, and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900. Also presented is a key to all species of scorpions found in the Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiyari Province.

  11. Ranking provinces based on development scale in agriculture sector using taxonomy technique

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    Shahram Rostampour

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to determine comparative ranking of agricultural development in different provinces of Iran using taxonomy technique. The independent variables are amount of annual rainfall amount, the number of permanent rivers, the width of pastures and forest, cultivated level of agricultural harvests and garden harvests, number of beehives, the number of fish farming ranches, the number of tractors and combines, the number of cooperative production societies, the number of industrial cattle breeding and aviculture. The results indicate that the maximum development coefficient value is associated with Razavi Khorasan province followed by Mazandaran, East Azarbayjan while the minimum ranking value belongs to Bushehr province.

  12. lxodid ticks on dogs belonging to people in rural communities and villages in Maputo Province, Mozambique

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    N. R. Bryson

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The species composition and geographic distribution of ixodid ticks infesting domestic dogs owned by people in rural communities and villages in Maputo Province was established by collecting ticks from dogs at each of 27 localities spread throughout the province. Ticks were collected from a total of 132 dogs, and nine species belonging to four genera were identified. One dog was infested withs six species, three with five and 13 with four species. Haemaphysalis elliptica followed by Rhipicephalus simus were present on dog sat most localities, and their geographic distribution in Maputo Province has been mapped for the first time.

  13. The Tyrrhena-Malea Volcanic Province, Mars: Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, D.; Greeley, R.; Ferguson, R.; Kuzmin, R.; McCord, T.; Combe, J.-P.; Head, J.; Xiao, L.; Manfredi, L.; Poulet, F.; Pinet, P.; Baratoux, D.; Plaut, J. J.; Raitala, J.; Neukum, G.

    2008-09-01

    Building on previous studies of volcanoes around the Hellas basin with new studies of imaging (HRSC, THEMIS, MOC, HiRISE, CTX), multispectral (HRSC, OMEGA), topographic (MOLA) and gravity data, we define a new Martian volcanic province as the Tyrrhena-Malea Volcanic Province (T-MVP). With an area of >2.1 million sq. km, it contains the six oldest central vent volcanoes on Mars, which formed after the Hellas impact basin, between 4.0 to 3.6 Ga. These volcanoes mark a transition from the flood volcanism that formed Malea Planum ~3.8 Ga, to localized point source eruptions. The T-MVP volcanoes have two general morphologies: 1) shieldlike edifices (Tyrrhena, Hadriaca, and Amphitrites Paterae), and 2) caldera-like depressions surrounded by ridged plains (Peneus, Malea, and Pityusa Paterae). Positive gravity anomalies are found at Tyrrhena, Hadriaca, and Amphitrites, perhaps indicative of dense magma bodies below the surface. The lack of shield-like edifices and weak gravity anomalies at Peneus, Malea, and Pityusa suggest a fundamental difference in their formation, styles of eruption, and/or compositions. The northernmost volcanoes, the ~3.7- 3.9 Ga Tyrrhena and Hadriaca Paterae, have low slopes, well-channeled flanks, and smooth caldera floors (at tens of meters/pixel scale), indicative of ash shields formed from poorly-consolidated pyroclastic deposits that have been modified by fluvial and aeolian erosion and deposition. The ~3.6 Ga Amphitrites Patera also has a well-channeled flank, but it and the ~3.8 Ga Peneus Patera are dominated by scalloped and pitted terrain, pedestal and ejecta flow craters, and a general `softened' appearance. This morphology is indicative not only of surface materials subjected to periglacial processes involving water ice, but also of a surface composed of easily eroded materials such as ash and dust. The southernmost volcanoes, the ~3.8 Ga Malea and Pityusa Paterae, have no channeled flanks, no scalloped and pitted terrain, and lack the `softened' appearance of their surfaces, but they do contain pedestal and ejecta flow craters and large, smooth, bright plateaus in their central depressions. This morphology is indicative of a surface with not only a high water ice content, but also a more consolidated material that is less susceptible to degradation (relative to the other four volcanoes). We suggest that Malea and Pityusa (and possibly Peneus) Paterae are Martian equivalents to Earth's giant calderas (e.g., Yellowstone, Long Valley) that erupted large volumes of volcanic materials, and that Malea and Pityusa are probably composed of either lava flows or ignimbrites. HRSC and OMEGA spectral data indicate that dark gray to slightly red materials (often represented as blue or black pixels in HRSC color images), found in the patera floors and topographic lows throughout the T-MVP, have a basaltic composition. A key issue is whether this dark material represents concentrations of underlying basaltic material exposed by aeolian winnowing, or if the material was transported from elsewhere on Mars by regional winds. Understanding the provenance of these dark materials may be the key to understanding the volcanic diversity of the Tyrrhena-Malea Volcanic Province. References [1] Crown, D. and Greeley, R. (2007) U.S. Geol. Surv. Sci. Inves. Ser. Map 2936. [2] Gregg, T., et al. (1998) U.S. Geol. Surv. Map I- 2556. [3] Leonard, G. and Tanaka, K. (2001) U. S. Geol. Survey Misc. Invest. Series Map I-2694. [4] Kolb, E. and Tanaka, K. (2008) Geologic Map of the Planum Australe Region of Mars. U. S. Geol. Survey. Misc. Investigation Series, in review. [5] Peterson, J. (1978) Proc. 9th LPSC, 3411-3432.

  14. Measles outbreak investigation in Zaka, Masvingo Province, Zimbabwe, 2010

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    Pomerai Kufakwanguzvarova W

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A measles outbreak was detected at Ndanga Hospital in Zaka district Masvingo Province on the 5th of May 2010 and there were five deaths. Source of infection was not known and an investigation was carried out to determine factors associated with contracting measles in Zaka district. Materials and methods A 1:1 unmatched case control study was conducted. A case was a person residing in Zaka district who developed signs and symptoms of measles or tested IgM positive from 06 May 2010 to 30 August 2010. A control was a person residing in the same community who did not have history of signs and symptoms of measles during the same period. A structured interviewer administered questionnaire (translated into shona was used to solicit information from cases and controls. Ethical consideration like written consent from all participants, respect and confidentiality were observed. Permission to carry out the study was obtained from the medical research Council of Zimbabwe and the provincial Medical Directors Masvingo. Epi info was used to calculate frequencies, odds ratios and perform logistic regression to control for confounding variables. Findings A total of 110 cases and 110 controls were recruited. Most cases (63.03% were from the apostolic sect while 44.7% of controls were from orthodox churches. Contact with a measles case [AOR= 41.14, 95% CI (7.47-226.5],being unvaccinated against measles [AOR= 3.96, 95%CI (2.58-6.08] and not receiving additional doses of measles vaccine [AOR 5.48, 95% CI (2.16-11.08] were independent risk factor for contracting measles. Measles vaccination coverage for Zaka district was 75%. The median duration for seeking treatment after onset of illness was three days (Q1=2; Q3=7. There were no emergency preparedness plans in place. Conclusion This outbreak occurred due to a large number of unvaccinated children and a boarding school that facilitated person to person transmission. We recommend mandatory vaccination for all children before enrolling into schools. As a result of the study one day training on outbreak management and surveillance was done with all District Nursing Officers and Environmental Health Officers in personnel in the province.

  15. Molecular biogeochemical provinces in the Atlantic Surface Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koch, B. P.; Flerus, R.; Schmitt-Kopplin, P.; Lechtenfeld, O. J.; Bracher, A.; Cooper, W.; Frka, S.; Gašparovi?, B.; Gonsior, M.; Hertkorn, N.; Jaffe, R.; Jenkins, A.; Kuss, J.; Lara, R. J.; Lucio, M.; McCallister, S. L.; Neogi, S. B.; Pohl, C.; Roettgers, R.; Rohardt, G.; Schmitt, B. B.; Stuart, A.; Theis, A.; Ying, W.; Witt, M.; Xie, Z.; Yamashita, Y.; Zhang, L.; Zhu, Z. Y.; Kattner, G.

    2010-12-01

    One of the most important aspects to understand marine organic carbon fluxes is to resolve the molecular mechanisms which convert fresh, labile biomolecules into semi-labile and refractory dissolved and particulate organic compounds in the ocean. In this interdisciplinary project, which was performed on a cruise with RV Polarstern, we carried out a detailed molecular characterisation of dissolved organic matter (DOM) on a North-South transect in the Atlantic surface ocean in order to relate the data to different biological, climatic, oceanographic, and meteorological regimes as well as to terrestrial input from riverine and atmospheric sources. Our goal was to achieve a high resolution data set for the biogeochemical characterisation of the sources and reactivity of DOM. We applied ultrahigh resolution Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry (FT-ICR-MS), nutrient, trace element, amino acid, and lipid analyses and other biogeochemical measurements for 220 samples from the upper water column (0-200m) and eight deep profiles. Various spectroscopic techniques were applied continuously in a constant sample water flow supplied by a fish system and the moon pool. Radiocarbon dating enabled assessing DOC residence time. Bacterial abundance and production provided a metabolic context for the DOM characterization work and pCO2 concentrations. Combining molecular organic techniques and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) established an important link between organic and inorganic biogeochemical studies. Multivariate statistics, primarily based on FT-ICR-MS data for 220 samples, allowed identifying geographical clusters which matched ecological provinces proposed previously by Longhurst (2007). Our study demonstrated that marine DOM carries molecular information reflecting the “history” of ocean water masses. This information can be used to define molecular biogeochemical provinces and to improve our understanding of element fluxes in the ocean. Future “organic geotraces” studies should focus on extracting and establishing new organic proxies which are suitable to characterize and, in particular, quantify organic matter sources and transformation processes in the ocean. Longhurst AR (2007) Ecological geography of the sea. Academic Press, San Diego, 542 pp.

  16. Malaria prevalence in Nias District, North Sumatra Province, Indonesia

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    Laowo Idaman

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Nias district of the North Sumatra Province of Indonesia has long been known to be endemic for malaria. Following the economic crisis at the end of 1998 and the subsequent tsunami and earthquake, in December 2004 and March 2005, respectively, the malaria control programme in the area deteriorated. The present study aims to provide baseline data for the establishment of a suitable malaria control programme in the area and to analyse the frequency distribution of drug resistance alleles associated with resistance to chloroquine and sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine. Methods Malariometric and entomology surveys were performed in three subdistricts. Thin and thick blood smears were stained with Giemsa and examined under binocular light microscopy. Blood blots on filter paper were also prepared for isolation of parasite and host DNA to be used for molecular analysis of band 3 (SAO, pfcrt, pfmdr1, dhfr, and dhps. In addition, haemoglobin measurement was performed in the second and third surveys for the subjects less than 10 years old. Results Results of the three surveys revealed an average slide positivity rate of 8.13%, with a relatively higher rate in certain foci. Host genetic analysis, to identify the Band 3 deletion associated with Southeast Asian Ovalocytosis (SAO, revealed an overall frequency of 1.0% among the 1,484 samples examined. One hundred six Plasmodium falciparum isolates from three sub-districts were successfully analysed. Alleles of the dhfr and dhps genes associated with resistance to sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine, dhfr C59R and S108N, and dhps A437G and K540E, were present at frequencies of 52.2%, 82.5%, 1.18% and 1.18%, respectively. The pfmdr1 alleles N86Y and N1042D, putatively associated with mefloquine resistance, were present at 31.4% and 2%, respectively. All but one sample carried the pfcrt 76T allele associated with chloroquine resistance. Entomologic surveys identified three potential anopheline vectors in the area, Anopheles barbirostris, Anopheles kochi and Anopheles sundaicus. Conclusion The cross sectional surveys in three different sub-districts of Nias District clearly demonstrated the presence of relatively stable endemic foci of malaria in Nias District, North Sumatra Province, Indonesia. Molecular analysis of the malaria parasite isolates collected from this area strongly indicates resistance to chloroquine and a growing threat of resistance to sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine. This situation highlights the need to develop sustainable malaria control measures through regular surveillance and proper antimalarial drug deployment.

  17. Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources of the Timan-Pechora Basin Province, Russia, 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schenk, C.J.; Bird, K.J.; Charpentier, R.R.; Gautier, D.L.; Houseknecht, D.W.; Klett, T.R.; Moore, T.; Pawlewicz, M.J.; Pittman, J.; Tennyson, M.E.

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) recently assessed the undiscovered oil and gas potential of the Timan-Pechora Basin Province in Russia as part of the USGS Circum-Arctic Oil and Gas Resource Appraisal program. Geologically, the Timan-Pechora Basin Province is a triangular-shaped cratonic block bounded by the northeast-southwest trending Ural Mountains and the northwest-southeast trending Timan Ridge. The northern boundary is shared with the South Barents Sea Province (fig.1). The Timan-Pechora Basin Province has a long history of oil and gas exploration and production. The first field was discovered in 1930 and, after 75 years of exploration, more than 230 fields have been discovered and more than 5,400 wells have been drilled. This has resulted in the discovery of more than 16 billion barrels of oil and 40 trillion cubic feet of gas.

  18. Estimation of soil erosion in Selenge and Darkhan Provinces of Mongolia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Battulga, N.; Erkhembayr, T.; Tuya, S.

    2014-11-01

    The accumulation of 137Cs was determined in soil samples, which were collected from Selenge and Selenge provinces in Mongolia, using HP-Ge gammaspectrometer. It was determined the soil erosion by accumulation of 13Cs using MODIS satellite information.

  19. Geologic implications of Paleozoic and Mesozoic paleontology and biostratigraphy, Blue Mountains province, Oregon and Idaho

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vallier, Tracy L., (Edited By); Brooks, Howard C.

    1986-01-01

    This volume contains, besides the present review, seven papers on the biostratigraphy of pre-Tertiary rocks in the Blue Mountains province. Geologic implications of the faunal data are discussed in the context of terrane analyses. Most of the authors agree that the pre-Tertiary rocks of this province were formed in a complex island arc within a low-latitude faunal realm and subsequently moved northward and accreted to the North American continent. The use of different terrane names for parts of the Blue Mountains province by different authors may lead to some confusion. We suggest that future authors use the term "Blue Mountains island arc" for the pre-Tertiary province and, if there is a need for subdivision, that they use the terrane names proposed by Silberling and others (1984).

  20. Hidrogeologic and geophysical studies into Agro school Melo UTU Cerro Largo province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The technical University UTU of Uruguay requested and Hidrogeologic study with the aim to analyze the factibility to discover underground stream waters which supply groundwaters into agro school Ing Agr. Alcides E Pintos Melo, Cerro Largo province.

  1. The Strategic Study on Low-carbon Transformation of Food Packaging Industry of Anhui Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fang Wang

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available For exploring low-carbon development of packaging industry of Anhui province and abating gradual deterioration of global energy, environment and climate. Based on the related theory of the low-carbon economy, combined with the characteristics of food packaging industry of Anhui Province, the thesis is designed to explore some strategies of low-carbon transition of food packaging industry in Anhui Province from the aspects of constructing low-carbon social atmosphere, the formulating relevant policies and regulations, developing actively low-carbon food packaging technology, training and the introducing advanced food packaging professionals and establishing the evaluation system low-carbon food packaging in order to provide some reference for promoting the sustainable and healthy economic development in Anhui Province.

  2. Application of multiple index development approaches to benthic invertebrate data from the Virginian Biogeographic Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benthic invertebrate indices have commonly been utilized to assess benthic invertebrate communities. These indices have been constructed using different techniques, but have shown different levels of application success. For example, the EMAP Virginian Province Index did not pe...

  3. Near-infrared spectroscopy and pattern-recognition processing for classifying wines of two Italian provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mignani, A. G.; Ciaccheri, L.; Gordillo, B.; Mencaglia, Andrea A.; González-Miret, M. L.; Heredia, F. J.; Cichelli, A.

    2014-05-01

    This paper presents an experiment making use of the near-infrared spectrum for distinguishing the wines produced in two close provinces of Abruzzo region of Italy. A collection of 32 wines was considered, 18 of which were produced in the province of Chieti, while the other 14 were from the province of Teramo. A conventional dual-beam spectrophotometer was used for absorption measurements in the 1300-1900 nm spectroscopic range. Principal Component Analysis was used for explorative analysis. Score maps in the PC1-PC2 or PC2-PC3 spaces were obtained, which successfully grouped the wine samples in two distinct clusters, corresponding to Chieti and Teramo provinces, respectively. A modelling of dual-band spectroscopy was also proposed, making use of two LEDs for illumination and a PIN detector instead of the spectrometer. These data were processed using Linear Discriminant Analysis which demonstrated satisfactory classification results.

  4. Microbiological Quality of Cream-Cakes Sold in Tekirdag Province

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    A. M. Konyal?

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed to determine the microbiological qualities of totally 120 cream cakes including chocolate and fruit type, purchased from 30 randomly selected pastry shops in Tekirda? province. Based on the Turkish Food Codex Microbiological Criterias Communique; 59, 50, 16 and 53 out of 60 chocolate cake samples tested were found to be potentially hazardous/unacceptible respectively for total mesophilic aerobic bacteria (98.3% of the total >105 cfu/g, coliform bacteria (83.3%of the total >102 cfu/g, Staphylococcus aureus (26.6% of the total >102 cfu/g and yeast and mould (88.3% of the total >103 cfu/g. On the other hand, 60, 56, 19 and 55 out of 60 fruit cake samples tested were found to be potentially hazardous/unacceptible respectively for total mesophilic aerobic bacteria (100 % >105 cfu/g, coliform bacteria (93.3%of the total >102 cfu/g, Staphylococcus aureus (31.6% of the total >102 cfu/g and yeast and mould (91.6% of the total >103 cfu/g. Salmonella were not detected in any of the chocolate and fruit cake samples. Obtained results showed that the microbiological qualities of cakes were poor due to poor hygiene and poor food handling practices in pastry shops.

  5. Eruptive history of the Elysium volcanic province of Mars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    New geologic mapping of the Elysium volcanic province at 1:2,000,000 scale and crater counts provide a basis for describing its overall eruptive history. Four stages are listed and described in order of their relative age. They are also distinguished by eruption style and location. Stage 1: Central volcanism at Hecates and Albor Tholi. Stage 2: Shield and complex volcanism at Elysium Mons and Elysium Fossae. Stage 3: Rille volcanism at Elysium Fossae and Utopia Planitia. Stage 4: Flood lava and pyroclastic eruptions at Hecates Tholus and Elysium Mons. Tectonic and channeling activity in the Elysium region is intimately associated with volcanism. Recent work indicates that isostatic uplift of Tharsis, loading by Elysium Mons, and flexural uplift of the Elysium rise produced the stresses responsible for the fracturing and wrinkle-ridge formation in the region. Coeval faulting and channel formation almost certainly occurred in the pertinent areas in Stages 2 to 4. Older faults east of the lava flows and channels on Hecates Tholus may be coeval with Stage 1

  6. Uranium distribution in Brazilian granitic rocks. Identification of uranium provinces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The research characterized and described uranium enriched granitoids in Brazil. They occur in a variety of tectonic environments and are represented by a variety granite types of distinct ages. It may be deduced that in general they have been generated by partial melting process of continental crust. However, some of them, those with tonality composition, indicate a contribution from mantle derived materials, thus suggesting primary uranium enrichment from the upper mantle. Through this study, the identification and characterization of uranium enriched granite or uranium provinces in Brazil can be made. This may also help identify areas with potential for uranium mineralization although it has been note that uranium mineralization in Brazil are not related to the uranium enrichment process. In general the U-anomalous granitoids are composed of granites with alkaline composition and granite ''sensu strictu'' which comprise mainly of syenites, quartz-syenites and biotite-hornblende granites, with ages between 1,800 - 1,300 M.a. The U-anomalous belongings to this period present high Sr initial ratios values, above 0.706, and high Rb contents. Most of the U-enriched granitoids occur within ancient cratonic areas, or within Early to Mid-Proterozoic mobile belts, but after their cratonization. Generally, these granitoids are related to the border zones of the mobile belts or deep crustal discontinuity. Refs, 12 figs, 3 tabs

  7. Climatically driven biogeographic provinces of Late Triassic tropical Pangea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whiteside, Jessica H; Grogan, Danielle S; Olsen, Paul E; Kent, Dennis V

    2011-05-31

    Although continents were coalesced into the single landmass Pangea, Late Triassic terrestrial tetrapod assemblages are surprisingly provincial. In eastern North America, we show that assemblages dominated by traversodont cynodonts are restricted to a humid 6° equatorial swath that persisted for over 20 million years characterized by "semiprecessional" (approximately 10,000-y) climatic fluctuations reflected in stable carbon isotopes and sedimentary facies in lacustrine strata. More arid regions from 5-20 °N preserve procolophonid-dominated faunal assemblages associated with a much stronger expression of approximately 20,000-y climatic cycles. In the absence of geographic barriers, we hypothesize that these variations in the climatic expression of astronomical forcing produced latitudinal climatic zones that sorted terrestrial vertebrate taxa, perhaps by excretory physiology, into distinct biogeographic provinces tracking latitude, not geographic position, as the proto-North American plate translated northward. Although the early Mesozoic is usually assumed to be characterized by globally distributed land animal communities due to of a lack of geographic barriers, strong provinciality was actually the norm, and nearly global communities were present only after times of massive ecological disruptions. PMID:21571639

  8. Environmental consequences of rapid urbanization in zhejiang province, East china.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xuchao; Yue, Wenze; Xu, Honghui; Wu, Jingsheng; He, Yue

    2014-07-01

    Since reforms carried out in the late 1970s, China has experienced unprecedented rates of urban growth. Remote sensing data and surface observational data are used to investigate the urbanization process and related environmental consequences, focusing on extreme heat events and air pollution, in Zhejiang Province (ZJP, East China). Examination of satellite-measured nighttime light data indicates rapid urbanization in ZJP during the past decade, initially forming three urban clusters. With rapid urban sprawl, a significant Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect has emerged. During extreme heat events in summer, the UHI effect significantly exacerbates nocturnal heat stress in highly urbanized areas. Taking a long-term view, urbanization also causes additional hot days and hot degree days in urban areas. Urbanization also imposes a heavy burden on local and regional air quality in ZJP. Degraded visibility and an increase in haze days are observed at most meteorological stations, especially in the three urban clusters. The results show that urbanization has led to serious environmental problems in ZJP, not only on the city scale, but also on the regional scale. Maintaining a balance between the continuing process of urbanization and environmental sustainability is a major issue facing the local government. PMID:25019266

  9. Price Analysis of Used Tractors in Çanakkale Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Ozpinar

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The control of machinery costs is a key factor in improving the profitability of a farm. On many farms 30-40% of the fixed costs can be allocated to farm machinery. For this reason, the purchase of a tractor is one of the most important decisions to be made on any farm. A correct decision will benefit the business considerably but the wrong decision will be an expensive mistake to be regretted for many years. There are two different way to purchase the tractors in any farm. One of them is purchasing the tractor as new one, the other one is purchasing the he tractors as used or second hand. are purchased as new in some farms instead of purchasing he tractor as second hand or used.The used tractor prices and market conditions should be evaluated for the correct agricultural machinery management decisions. Price analysis of the used tractors has to be used in hiring or purchasing decision. In addition to that, Optimum equipment size calculations require the price data of used tractors.In the scope of this research, second hand tractor price data gathered from the showrooms in the Çanakkale province were evaluated. Before all else, general structure of second hand tractor market were defined by applying a comprehensive questionnaire to showroom owners. In addition, second hand tractor prices were arranged according to brand-model, age and power category.

  10. Reef fish and coral assemblages at Maptaput, Rayong Province

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    Voravit Cheevaporn

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This study describes the structure of coral and fish assemblages of a group of small islands and pinnacles in the vicinity of Maptaput deep sea port, Rayong Province, Thailand during 2002. The coral and fish assemblages at Saket Island and nearby pinnacle, Hin-Yai, which are located less than 1 km from the deep sea port, had changed. Living coral cover in 2002 was 8% at Hin-Yai and 4% at Saket Island which decreased from 33% and 64%, respectively in the previous report in 1992. Numbers of coral species at Saket Island decreased from 41 species to 13 species. Acropora spp. that previously dominated the area had nearly disappeared. For fishes, a total of 40 species were found in 2002 the numbers decreased to only 6 species at Saket Island and 36 species at Hin-Yai. Fishes that dominated the area are small pomacentrids. After 1997, the conditions of coral and fish assemblages at Saket Island and Hin-Yai had markedly changed, whereas, the conditions found in the nearby area are much better. Sediment load from port construction was the primary cause of the degradation. This should indicate the adverse effect of sedimentation on coral and reef fish assemblages at Maptaput. Coral communities developed on rock pinnacles west of Maptaput deep-sea port are reported and described herein for the first time.

  11. Assessment of natural arsenic in groundwater in Cordoba Province, Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francisca, Franco M; Carro Perez, Magalí E

    2009-12-01

    Groundwater in the central part of Argentina contains arsenic concentrations that, in most cases, exceed the value suggested by international regulations. In this region, Quaternary loessical sediments with a very high volcanic glass fraction lixiviate arsenic and fluoride after weathering. The objectives of this study are to analyze the spatial distribution of arsenic in different hydrogeological regions, to define the naturally expected concentration in an aquifer by means of hydrogeochemistry studies, and to identify emergent health evidences related to cancer mortality in the study area. The correlation between arsenic and fluoride concentrations in groundwater is analyzed at each county in the Cordoba Province. Two dimensionless geoindicators are proposed to identify risk zones and to rapidly visualize the groundwater quality related to the presence of arsenic and fluoride. A surface-mapping system is used to identify the spatial variability of concentrations and for suggesting geoindicators. The results show that the Chaco-Pampean plain hydrogeologic region is the most affected area, with arsenic and fluoride concentrations in groundwater being generally higher than the values suggested by the World Health Organization (WHO) for drinking water. Mortality related to kidney, lung, liver, and skin cancer in this area could be associated to the ingestion of arsenic-contaminated water. Generated maps provide a base for the assessment of the risk associated to the natural occurrence of arsenic and fluoride in the region. PMID:19165608

  12. Malaria Cases in Three Districts in the Midlands Province, Zimbabwe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.Z. Moyo

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The number of malaria cases in the under 5, 5-14 and above 15 years age groups in three districts in the Midlands Province were studied over a period of one year, from January to December 2003.The total number of malaria cases in all the three age groups were significantly different in all the districts (p<0.05. Gokwe had the highest number of cases in the all the age categories (p<0.05. The malarial cases tended to be highly seasonal in Gokwe but to a lesser extent in Kwekwe. There was a high monthly variation of malarial cases in Gweru. Although the >15 years age group had the highest number of cases, the number of cases in the under five age group is a cause for concern. Plasmodium falciparum had a prevalence of >86% in all the districts during the rainy season. The implications of these findings are discussed in relation to the health and socio-economics of the three districts.

  13. [Emergy analysis of agro-ecolomic system in Shanxi Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Run-Ping; Rong, Xiang-Min

    2008-10-01

    By the methods of emergy, this paper studied the input and output, working efficiency, and environmental loading of the agro-ecolomic system in Shanxi Province in 2005. The results showed that in 2005, the agro-ecolomic system in Shanxi still stayed in the period of traditional agriculture, which mainly depended on manpower and environmental resources. The emergy investment ratio (EIR) was 1.07, emergy yield ratio (EYR) was 0.99, and environmental loading ratio (ELR) was 6.55. In the structural adjustment of agriculture, stockbreeding had made great strides forward, but grain crops other than rice and wheat, vegetables, and fruits still had smaller emergy yield and were far from becoming dominant industry. The efficiency of the agro-ecolomic system was lower, and its environmental loading press was bigger. For the future, the surplus labors in agriculture in Shanxi should be shifted continually to other industries, and the high quality emergy such as agricultural science and technology should be increased to improve the use efficiency of environmental resources and the input and output of the system emergy. PMID:19123364

  14. Microbial characteristics of food preparations in Benevento province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Barone

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this preliminary study was to determine the microbiological quality of pastry products and gastronomic preparations served in food service establishments in Benevento province, Southern Italy. A total of 125 samples were collected from food service establishments. Parameters investigated were: aerobic plate counts (APCs, total Coliform bacteria counts, beta-glucuronidase-positive Escherichia (E. coli counts, Enterobacteriaceae counts, coagulase-positive Staphylococci counts, isolation of Salmonella spp., Bacillus (B. cereus counts, and isolation of Listeria (L. monocytogenes. The microbiological quality was good, with absence of the pathogens L. monocytogenes and Salmonella spp. and extremely rare presence of E. coli. The fresh pastry and the uncooked gastronomy products were the most contaminated groups; also, cooked cold-served gastronomy products were susceptible to microbiological risk, as a result of the inadequate reheating and the interruption of the warm chain. On the contrary, dried pastry and cooked warm-served gastronomy products showed an excellent hygienic profile. In fact, the amount of compliant samples was 74.4%.

  15. Environmental conditions for SMME development in a South African province

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    D, Mahadea; MK, Pillay.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The development of entrepreneurship is the focus of considerable policy interest in South Africa and many other countries. This is particularly in recognition of its contribution to economic growth, poverty alleviation and employment creation. In South Africa, various new strategies and institutions [...] have recently been created with a view to empowering formerly disadvantaged members to enter the mainstream economy as entrepreneurs rather than job seekers. While the government directs considerable efforts to advancing Small, Medium and Micro Enterprises (SMMEs), certain environmental factors can favour or hinder the optimal development of these firms. According to the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) reports, the level of entrepreneurial activity in South Africa is rather low in relation to that in other countries at a similar level of development. This paper uses factor analysis to examine the internal and external environmental conditions influencing the development of small ventures on the basis of a survey conducted in Pietermaritzburg, the capital of the KZN province. The results indicate that three clusters constrain SMME development in Pietermaritzburg: management, finance and external environmental conditions. In the external set, rising crime levels, laws and regulations, and taxation are found to be significant constraints to the development of business firms.

  16. Thermoluminescence properties of epidote from Borborema Province under ?-irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work presents the thermoluminescence (TL) glow curve response of four samples obtained from a scheelita missing residues from Borborema province in Brazil. These samples with different concentrations of epidote minerals were identified as e-m, e-c, e-r and e-pm. The TL responses of these samples were analyzed and it was observed that the epidote mineral showed a TL curve of low intensity. The natural epidote showed one TL peak at 365 deg C, which corresponds to the natural irradiation due to the radioactive elements contained in the samples. After irradiation in laboratory, the pure epidote showed two TL peaks around 135 deg C and 270 deg C, which increase as a result of the additional dose of irradiation, but when this sample was annealed and irradiated, the peaks were not observed in TL glow curve. We believed that these peaks are related with the content of water in the sample. The analysis of X Ray Diffraction (XRD) showed that the procedure of magnetic separation used in this work to obtain the epidote (e-c) from the material resulted from the comminution of the rock (e-pm), was satisfactory. (author)

  17. Maternal and child health in Yushu, Qinghai Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsering Ojen

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Surmang, Qinghai Province is a rural nomadic Tibetan region in western China recently devastated by the 2010 Yushu earthquake; little information is available on access and coverage of maternal and child health services. Methods A cross-sectional household survey was conducted in August 2004. 402 women of reproductive age (15-50 were interviewed regarding their pregnancy history, access to and utilization of health care, and infant and child health care practices. Results Women's access to education was low at 15% for any formal schooling; adult female literacy was Conclusions While China is on track to achieve national Millennium Development Goal targets for maternal and child health, women and children in Surmang suffer from substantial health inequities in access to antenatal, skilled birth and postpartum care. Institutional delivery, skilled attendance and cesarean delivery are virtually inaccessible, and consequently maternal and infant morbidity and mortality are likely high. Urgent action is needed to improve access to maternal, neonatal and child health care in these marginalized populations. The reconstruction after the recent earthquake provides a unique opportunity to link this population with the health system.

  18. Uranium in granitoids: Recognition criteria of uranium provinces in Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uranium distribution in granitoids, including gneisses and migmatites were investigated for the rocks of entire Brazilian territory. Uranium concentrations were determined in 1800 Rb-Sr whole rock isotopic analysed samples with known geological setting. The samples were plotted in Brazil's geotectonic outline, and those with high U contents (above 12 ppm) provide the characterization of probable uraniferous provinces. In addition the results were interpreted in relation to age, tectonic environment, lithologies, Rb contents and 97Sr/94Sr initial ratios. With respect to the lithology, the granites with alkaline compositions showed higher U contents than their host rocks which consist of gneissic-migmatic terranes, and other granitoids. In general the Uranium-enriched rocks are mainly related to the Mid-Proterozoic time. In terms of isotopic geochemistry, the higher 97Sr/94Sr ratio rocks (high Rb contents) showed a uranium enrichment trend when compared with those less differentiated material. On the other hand, rocks with low Sr initial ratio may present Uranium concentrations similar to those with high initial ratios, which suggest the primary Uranium enrichment process during the mantle-derived rock-forming process. (author). 30 refs, 9 figs

  19. Inventory of anthropogenic mercury emission Southwest China: I. Guizhou province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The anthropogenic emissions of mercury to air is considered to contribute by 50-75 % of the total, and is thus responsible for elevated mercury concentration in the global atmosphere. These elevated atmospheric levels may be a serious threat to terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems due to wet or dry deposition. Hence, measures must be taken in controlling the anthropogenic emissions of mercury. A fundamental step of a global mercury control is realistic mapping of anthropogenic and natural emissions. Today, reasonably well documented mercury emission inventories of anthropogenic point sources exist in Europe and North America. The amount of anthropogenic emissions in other parts of the world is quite uncertain, as well as world-wide diffuse emissions (anthropogenic and natural). Guizhou is situated on a plateau with a mean altitude of about 1000 m. Its climate is a typical subtropical humid monsoon with an average annual temperature of 15 dec C and a precipitation of 1100-1400 mm. The province accounts for about 2.8% of the total population in China. (orig.)

  20. Hydrological studies of schistosomiasis transport in Sichuan Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maszle, D R; Whitehead, P G; Johnson, R C; Spear, R C

    1998-05-27

    Schistosomiasis is a water-bourne parasitic disease endemic to Sichuan Province of China. Long-term studies of infection and disease ecology in catchments in Sichuan have been supplemented by detailed hydrometric measurements to produce a model of water velocity and flow in an irrigation system. The model provides a means of estimating travel times of two infectious stages of the parasite from source sites to water contact exposure sites for individuals of both the human population and the intermediate vector snail populations. The hydrological transport model will be part of an overall model of schistosomiasis transmission in the catchments. A GIS system is used to manage spatial data of the drainage network, land use, infection sources and population centres. The development of the Three Gorges Dam in China will increase marshlands and irrigation in areas currently free of schistosomiasis. The potential for the spread of schistosomiasis into these new areas is a major concern. Hydrological models can be of particular importance in assessing future environmental risk. PMID:9646528

  1. Photovoltaic generating systems in rural schools in Neuquen Province, Argentina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lawand, T.A.; Campbell, J. [Brace Research Institute, Quebec (Canada)

    1997-12-01

    During the period 1994-95, solar photovoltaic systems were installed at a number of schools in Neuquen Province, Argentina, by the Provincial electric utility, Ente Provincial de Energia del Neuquen. This was undertaken with funds provided by the Inter-American Development Bank. In all, there are 12 schools that have had photovoltaic generating systems installed. These generating systems are designed to provide electricity for the basic needs at the schools: primarily for lighting, and to operate small electrical appliances such as communication radios, televisions, VCR`s, AM/FM and short-wave radios. They do not provide enough energy to operate large consumption appliances such as washing machines, microwaves, refrigerators, power tools, etc. The program of provision of PV systems was supplemented with training on simple systems for cooking food or drying fruit, etc. These techniques are primarily intended for demonstration at the schools thus serving an educational role with the hope that they will be transmitted in time to the families of the students where the need is manifested the most.

  2. Phytoremediation potential of indigenous plants from Thai Nguyen province, Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anh, Bui Thi Kim; Kim, Dang Dinh; Tua, Tran Van; Kien, Nguyen Trung; Anh, Do Tuan

    2011-03-01

    This study was focused on determining Arsenic (As), Lead (Pb), Cadmium (Cd) and Zinc (Zn) in 33 indigenous plants and 12 soil in-situ plant samples in Thai Nguyen Province, Vietnam. The results showed that the soils of surveyed mining areas contained 181.2- 6754.3 mg kg(-1) As, 235.5-4337.2 mg kg(-1) Pb, 0.8- 419 mg kg(-1) Cd and 361.8-17565.1 mg kg(-1) Zn depending on the characteristics of each mining site. These values are much higher than those typical for normal soil. The heavy metal uptake into shoots and roots of 33 indigenous plant species was also determined. Two species of the plants investigated, Pteris vittata L. and Pityrogramma calomelanos L. were As hyperaccumulators, containing more than 0.1% heavy metals in their shoots. Eleusine indica L., Cynodon dactylon L., Cyperus rotundus L. and Equisetum ramosissimum (Vauch) accumulate very high Pb (0.15-0.65%) and Zn (0.22-1.56%) concentration in their roots. Additional experiments to clarify the potential of six these plants as good candidates for phytoremediation of heavy metal pollution soil are being carried out in our laboratory. PMID:21882664

  3. Phytotoponymy and Synphytotoponymy in Western Granada Province (Andalusia, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benítez Cruz, Guillermo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Within the framework of a research project on the ethnobotany of the western section of the province of Granada, in southern Spain, a detailed study was made of place names derived from names related to plants (phytotoponyms and synphytotoponyms. The information —gathered from the Territorial Land Registry of Granada, the Regional Government of Andalusia and field work— has been included in a database written with the Microsoft Excel program. References to a total of 98 plant species were found in as many as 593 place names of the area. The authors comment on the environmental, paleophytogeographic and ethnobotanical significance of the species represented in the place names.

    En el marco de la investigación etnobotánica desarrollada en el poniente granadino, se ha realizado un estudio sobre la toponimia de la comarca con atención a los apelativos de origen vegetal (fitotopónimos y sinfitotopónimos. La información —obtenida de la Gerencia Territorial del Catastro de Granada, de la Junta de Andalucía y de nuestro trabajo de campo— se ha incluido en una base de datos con el programa Microsoft Excell®. Un total de 98 especies vegetales se encuentran representadas en la toponimia local, dando nombre a 593 lugares del territorio. Se aportan comentarios sobre el significado ecológico, paleofitogeográfico y etnobotánico de las especies reflejadas en la toponimia.

  4. Theileriosis control modelling (experiences from Southern Province, Zambia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penne, K; D'Haese, L

    1999-09-01

    Effects of different tick-borne disease control strategies on cattle productivity are simulated based on a 30-year herd projection, calculated by a modified Markov Chain model. Input data can be grouped in technical, economic and epidemiological parameters. The output is a set of economic parameters such as benefit/cost ratio (BCR), net present value (NPV) of the profit, internal rate of return (IRR), total economic cost (TEC) as well as graphs showing animal production over time. Shadow prices are obtained for input and output in kind. Throughout the calculations a distinction is made between transactions in cash and transactions in kind. A case study was run for Southern Province, Zambia, to illustrate the model. Either vector control or treatment, or a combination of these, controls theileriosis at farm level after natural infection. Preventive immunization against the parasite is also possible. Although the calculations are based on a mixture of data obtained from literature, field experience, expert opinion and assumptions, the importance of theileriosis control is clearly indicated. Immunization gives better economic results than chemotherapy. Vector control can only be used as a last resort. PMID:10540313

  5. Uraniferous granitoid rocks from the Superior province of Northwestern Ontario

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent regional examination of uranium-enriched coarse-grained to pegmatitic Archean granitoids in part of the Superior Province of northwestern Ontario has revealed a dichotomy of host lithologies for the mineralization. A provisional classification based upon petrological attributes, geological setting, and U/Pb ages documents Type I uraniferous mineralization derived from migmatization of an extensive metasedimentary belt at 2.68 Ga, and Type II mineralization associated with fractionation of a potassic granitoid suite emplaced at about 2.65 Ga. Type I uraniferous mineralization exhibits a patch of U-Th fractionation which trends subparallel to lines of average crustal estimates. Contrastingly, Type II minerlization generally exhibits distinctively different U-Th trends which ultimately manifest in very low Th/U ratios. In general, lower K/Rb, Ba/Rb, and higher K/Ba ratios are expressed by Type II uranium occurrences. One of the major controls on the less fractionated and lower grade Type I uranium mineralization is postulated to be lower fO2 which may relate to the presence of graphite in a metapelitic precursor. Such conditions of reduced fO2 are also reflected in the ubiquity of white K-feldspar in the S-type granitoids in contrast to the pink to red K-feldspar characterizing Type II uranium occurrences

  6. Continental tectonics and uranium province of South China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The pre-Sinian metamorphic basement of South China consists of 4 blocks, namely the Jiangnan, the Wuyi, the Yunkai-South Sea and the Mintai which belong to the same lithospheric plate from late Proterozoic on. The plate is enriched in U and Th revealed by Pb-isotopic study, which plays an role of essential prerequisite for the formation of U province. The amalgamation of the 4 blocks and their final attachment to Yangtze craton were resulted from Proterozoic, Caledonian, Indonesia and Yangshanian orogenic events, driven by Moho-rheologic stratification so that uraniferous black rock sequences and U-hosting granites and volcanics in age from late Sinian to Jurassic were produced in the fore lands of corresponding major orogenic uplifts. The change of tectonic regime from compression-relaxed to lateral tension happened after significant crust's thickening and large-scale emplacement of granitic batholiths during late Triassic and early Jurassic though local compression occurred from middle Eocene to Oligocene. Most of U deposits were just formed in association with this para-cratonization process from late Jurassic to Eogene. South China GGT shows that there exist the thinning and the break-up of undercrustal lithosphere at the Datian and the Quanzhou and funnel-shaped seg at middle Hunan. The former two are considered to be the product of up-migration of hot mantle plume and the latter to be the place of down-migration of cold mantle plumemantle plume

  7. The Mexican mesozoic uranium province: its distribution and metallogeny

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The distribution of uranium scattered in sedimentary terrains of the continental jurassic such as those found in the Tlaxiaco-Guerrero Basin encourage the outlook for uncovering extensive new deposits of strato-bound uranium belonging to the Mexican mesozoic in other structurally similar intercratonic basins. Stratographic and paleographic structural references define the simultaneous evolution of five sedimentary basins during the Mexican geotechtonic cycle: 1. the Tlaxiaco-Guerrero basin, 2. the Huayacocotla basin, 3. the Gulf of Sabinas basin, 4. the Chihuahua basin and 5. the Sonora basin. From the various lithostratographic formations in them we favourably infer the presence of intermountainous mesozoic concentrations of uranium sediments leached from crystalline precambric packets and from nevadian plutonites and volcanic rocks. During the metallogeny process described under the techtonic evolution of the Mexican structural belt, the presence is established of extensive terciary hydrothermal uranium deposits in the districts of Aldama, Chihuahua; Coneto-El Rodeo, Durango; Vizarron de Montes, Queretaro; Tlaucingo, Puebla; Los Amoles, Sonora; El Picacho, Sonora; Amalia Margarita, Coahuila; etc., scattered in sandstones and sinters of the continental mesozoic and shifted during the postorogenic phase of the Mexican geotectonic cycle. The extensive mesozoic province defined within the Mexican territory favourable to large deposits of uranium, scattered and strato-boposits of uranium, scattered and strato-bound in triassic, jurassic and cretaceous sandstone and sinters, could resolve future demands for energetics within a modified philosophy and resourceful policy of regional mining. (author)

  8. Observations on cattle ticks in Huila Province (Angola).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, A F; Pombal, A M; Venturi, L

    1994-02-01

    In Huila Province of Angola, 3864 ticks were collected during a parasitological survey carried out in the rainy season from October 1990 to April 1991. The samples were collected from cattle gathered for the annual vaccination campaign against contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, anthrax and blackleg in 18 veterinary stations of six municipalities. After tick classification, the following proportions of ticks were obtained: Rhipicephalus evertsi mimeticus (27.1%), Amblyomma pomposum (26.4%), Boophilus decoloratus (19.0%), Rhipicephalus zambesiensis (9.4%), Rhipicephalus duttoni (8.3%), Hyalomma marginatum rufipes (3.8%), Hyalomma truncatum (3.0%), Rhipicephalus punctatus (2.5%) and Ixodes cavipalpus, Rhipicephalus lunulatus, Rhipicephalus turanicus, Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi, Rhipicephalus simus, each less than 1%. These ticks are well known in southern Africa as vectors of diseases caused by protozoa and rickettsiae (babesiosis, theileriosis, anaplasmosis and cowdriosis). Control programmes against ticks and tick-borne diseases should be based on critical studies regarding costs/risks/benefits in relation to socio-economic and ecological frameworks. PMID:8171837

  9. Isotope Hydrology Investigation of Zonguldak And Province Groundwater

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The most important coal area of Turkey is situated in Zonguldak and province. The coal series occurred during Westfalien (Carboniferous) are lower-bounded by Visean aged karstic limestones and upper-bounded by Aptian-Barremian aged karstic limestones. The isotope hydrology, which consists one of the studies dealed with karst hydrogeology, was held to determine the groundwater relations between the karstic limestones adjacent to the coal layers located in the Zonguldak coal mine areas. Environmental isotope samples were collected in the basin during 1994 - 1995 period, from the surface and groundwater. Deuterium (2H), Oxygen 18 (18O) and Tritium (3H) analysis were carried out on the samples. Recharge elevation, water origin and transit time of the groundwater system were determined with the evaluation of the analysis results. Waters encountered in the area are of marine origined rainfall, recharging at an elevation of 400-500 meters and consisting of shallow and deep circulation systems. Groundwater that intruding the coal mine galleries, have a short flow period and are recharged from recent precipitations

  10. Oil and gas fiscal regimes of the western Canadian provinces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report compares the fiscal regimes in British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. During 1985-1988, federal and provincial governments have made numerous fiscal changes, many in response to the drop in world oil prices. The new fiscal policies generally have reflected governments' willingness to forego revenues in an effort to aid the oil and gas industry, with certain exemptions. Since 1988, changes have reflected trends of consolidation and less government willingness to forego revenues. A federal large corporations capital tax has been introduced, the natural gas exploration holiday in Alberta expired, new oil royalties were introduced, and changes were made in fiscal regimes to accomodate horizontal drilling in Saskatchewan and Manitoba. In this document, the existing corporate tax regime is described. A comparison of fiscal regimes must recognize the differing scale and nature of oil and gas operations among the 4 provinces, with Alberta accounting for 80-90% of Canada's oil and gas productions, while British Columbia, Saskatchewan and Manitoba are much smaller producers. The document describes Crown royalties and incentives and freehold taxes for each type of fuel (crude oil, natural gas, natural gas byproducts, nonconventional oil). 8 figs

  11. Epidemiology of livestock fasciolosis in Mendoza province, Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Fasciolosis, parasitic disease caused by the trematode Fasciola hepatica, affects many mammals, particularly ruminants, and is now considered an important zoonotic disease. In Mendoza province, the data from the local slaughterhouses and observations made by veterinarians indicated that fasciolosis could be an important disease in cattle with 5,7% (1) liver condemnation registered which is well over the national average that oscillates yearly around 1%. Thus, even though fasciolosis seemed to be an important disease for livestock, the epidemiological information was lacking. Since the recent identification of the most efficient vector of fasciolosis in Mendoza, the introduced lymnaeid snail Galba truncatula (2), the epidemiological situation of fasciolosis needs to be addressed. Our objective was to gain insight in the epidemiology of fasciolosis in Mendoza province. Mendoza province is in the west of Argentina. To the east is a plains region and at the west are the Andes Mountains. The rivers run from the mountains in the west towards the east traversed by valleys were livestock is managed extensively and trashumance is a common practice To investigate the distribution of the lymnaeid snails, samples where recovered following an altitudinal gradient, from the plains region at 600 m.a.s.l. up to above 3000 m.a.s.l. In each sampling point, by means of a GPS, altitude, longitude and latitude was registered, water pH, conductivity and hardness evaluated, and tconductivity and hardness evaluated, and the environmental characteristics of the site recorded. To investigate the possible reservoirs fasciolosis coprological studies were performed (Lumbreras rapid sedimentation and Formo-ether sedimentation) and liver inspection at the slaughterhouse was recorded. Lymnaeid snails where found in 27 sites, belonging to all of the river basins of Mendoza. The range of altitude was from 649 masl to 2971 masl, (?1674). They were found in small streams with slow current in 18 sites (66,7%) small irrigation channels in 6 sites (22,2%) and ponds with still water in 3 sites (11,1%). In 24 sites (88,8%) the snails where constantly exposed to direct sunlight since there was no high vegetation or banks surrounding the water body, 23(85,2%)of the sites were in a rural setting and 4 (14,8%) of them where urban areas. In all the rural sites, livestock was to be found near the snail populations. The conductivity of the waters where the lymaneid snails were presented ranged from 121-2830 m? (? 675), ph ranged from 5,95-7,4 (? 6,91) and hardness 48- 1210 ppm (?288,7) Cattle, sheep, goats, horses mules, donkeys and llamas where positive for fasciolosis. Out of 705 coprological studies performed, 186 (26.38%) where positive. The highest prevalence where in goats, out of 434 animals tested, 139 (32%) where positive. In equines, out of 114 tested, 29 (25%) where positive. All the positive animals where from altitudes of over 900 m.a.s.l. and no positive animals where found in the plains region. At the provincial abattoir, out of 754 cattle raised in Mendoza, 258 (34%) where positive for fasciolosis. All the positive animals came from the Andean valleys. At the local abattoir, which only butchered cattle from Tupungato region, principally Andean valleys, out of 653 animals inspected, 441 (67,5%) had fasciolosis. In Mendoza province, the prevalence in livestock is amongst the highest in Argentina, superior to what could have been initially concluded from the national abattoir statistics. Even though livestock is found from the plains regions up to the mountain valleys, fascioliosis affects almost exclusively animals from the mountainous regions where the highest prevalence are to be found, being a very rare and almost unknown disease in the lowlands. This correlates almost perfectly with the lymnaied distribution that we found. The altitudinal range of the snail populations, which can be found at very high altitudes, speak of the great adaptability that it has to extreme environmental conditions. It also colonized many man made irrigation

  12. Empirical Study on the Relationship between Export Commodity Structure and Carbon Emission in Henan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Wu Ming-Li; Tong Feng-Ming; Wang Fei; Zhang Hua; Li Song-Hua

    2013-01-01

    This article studied the relationship between export commodity structure and carbon emission based on VAR model and it shows that the carbon emission in Henan Province is not only subject to itself, but also to each export commodity structure factor, especially, the fluctuation of export of low value-added product has an obvious impact on carbon emission. Hence, as far as export policy is concerned, to actualize economic low-carbonization, Henan Province should accelerate the upgrading of ind...

  13. Factors associated with drinking alcohol before visiting female sex workers among men in Sichuan Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Cui; Latkin, Carl; Luan, Rongsheng; Nelson, Kenrad

    2013-01-01

    Alcohol use in commercial sex is highly prevalent globally and alcohol use in conjunction with sexual activity might increase the probability of risky behaviors, and. In the current study, we explored individual and contextual factors associated with drinking alcohol before visiting female sex workers (FSWs) among 560 male clients in Sichuan province, China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Sichuan province, China. Over one-fifth (21.1%) of the participants reported always using alco...

  14. Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part IV. Kohgilouyeh & Boyer Ahmad Province.

    OpenAIRE

    Navidpour, S.; Kovar?i?k, F.; Soleglad, M. E.; Fet, V.

    2008-01-01

    According to previous surveys, only Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889), Orthochirus zagrosensis Kova?ík, 2004, and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861 have been recorded from Kohgilouyeh & Boyer Ahmad Province. Collections made by a team under Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran) reveal eight other species belonging to two families recorded from the province for the first time: Androct...

  15. Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part V. Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiyari Province.

    OpenAIRE

    Pirali-kheirabadi, Khodadad; Navidpour, Shahrokh; Fet, Victor; Kovar?i?k, Frantis?ek; Soleglad, Michael E.

    2009-01-01

    Ten species of scorpions belonging to three families are reported from the montane Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiyari Province of Iran. Of these, only Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903) was formerly reported for this province, while nine species are reported for the first time: Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807), Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905), Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880), Hottentotta zagrosensis Kova?ík, 1997, Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889), Odontobuthus doriae (Thor...

  16. Constraints analysis of family agriculture in Kirundo Province Northern of Burundi

    OpenAIRE

    Minani, Bonaventure; Rurema, De?o-guide; Lebailly, Philippe

    2013-01-01

    In Burundi, family agriculture occupies more than 90% of the active population. That sector accounts more than 50% of GDP. Before the civil war of 1993, Kirundo province was deemed "breadbasket of the country" because the family farming was market-oriented. Today, this region is the first province in Burundi who accuses a high rate of householders who live in food insecurity. In order to conduct this study, 355 randomly selected farmers were surveyed in all municipalities of th...

  17. Barriers to immunization among children of migrant workers from myanmar living in tak province, Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Canavati, S.; Plugge, E.; Suwanjatuporn, S.; Sombatrungjaroen, S.; Nosten, F.

    2011-01-01

    PROBLEM: Immunization is a cost-effective means of improving child survival but implementation of programmes in low- and middle-income countries is variable. Children of migrants are less likely to be immunized. APPROACH: The qualitative study aimed to identify barriers to the successful implementation of migrant immunization programmes in Tak province, Thailand. We ran a total of 53 focus groups involving 371 participants in three sites. LOCAL SETTING: Tak province in Thailand borders Myanma...

  18. Prediction Models of Energy Consumption Structure of Shandong Province of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiekun Song

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In order to predict the energy consumption structure of Shandong province of China, linear regression model, gray model and ARIMA model are constructed respectively. On the basis of the single predicted results, the optimal weighted combination model is constructed for combination prediction of Shandong province's energy consumption structure. The empirical test shows that combination prediction model can effectively increase the prediction accuracy, providing a new method for the energy consumption structure prediction.

  19. Cervical cancer screening programme in Limpopo province : January 2007 to December 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Mamaholdi, M. T.; Kuonza, Lazarus R.; Candy, S.

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: South Africa launched a cervical screening policy in 2001 and aimed to screen 70% of women aged 30 years and older by the year 2010. The current study describes the performance of the cervical cancer screening programme that was implemented in the Limpopo province between 2007 and 2010. DESIGN: A retrospective descriptive analysis of data on cervical smears that were collected and evaluated by the National Health Laboratory Services in the Limpopo province from 2007 to 2010. ...

  20. Eriophyoid mites from Qinghai Province, northwestern China with descriptions of nine new species (Acari, Eriophyoidea)

    OpenAIRE

    Hao-Sen Li; Xiao-Feng Xue; Xiao-Yue Hong

    2012-01-01

    Eriophyoid mites from Qinghai Province, northwestern China were studied herein. Up to now, only six species have been reported from Qinghai Province. In field surveys, 17 eriophyoid mite species were collected, among which nine species were found new to science. The new species and their host plants are listed as follows: Acaphyllisa tuberculumae sp. n. on Populus sp. (Salicaceae); Proiectus xiningensis sp. n. on Pinus sp. (Pinaceae); Phyllocoptes beishaniensis sp. n. on Spiraea mongolica Max...

  1. Current Situation and Countermeasures of Fitness Club Industry of Shandong Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yun Ma

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available By means of literature review, questionnaire survey and field studies, we investigated to the fitness clubs inShandong, analyzed the factors affecting the development of the fitness club industry of Shandong province, putforward the new management proposals strengthening the management consciousness of the modern athleticsindustry, so as to promote the industry of the fitness clubs of Shandong province to achieve greater development.

  2. Characteristics of Water Resources Utilization and Virtual Water Trade in Hebei Province

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, H. Z.; Huang, B. R.

    2013-01-01

    Water resource is one of the main factors limiting the development of water-deficient areas. Virtual water theory and virtual water trade model were used to analyze the characteristics of water resources utilization in Hebei Province. Based on an input-output model, water resource consumptions in different sectors of the economy and virtual water in domestic and international trade in Hebei Province were analyzed. Results indicated that natural resource exploitat...

  3. Perceptions regarding the clinical accompaniment of student nurses in the Limpopo Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valerie Ehlers

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available A quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional survey was carried out in the Limpopo Province to identify the perceptions of student nurses, nurse educators and unit supervisors concerning student nurses’ clinical accompaniment in this province. Opsomming ‘n Kwantitatiewe, beskrywende, deursnitopname is gebruik om die persepsies van verpleegstudente, verpleegopvoedkundiges en eenheidstoesighouers oor verpleegstudente se kliniese begeleiding in the Limpopo Provinsie te identifiseer. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.

  4. Rural-urban Migration and Urbanization in Gansu Province, China: Evidence from Time-series Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Haiying Ma; Lina Lian

    2011-01-01

    Urbanization is one of the hot issues in research at present. Since “go west”, urbanization level in Gansu province has undergone significant change along with the largest flow of rural–urban migration around the country. This paper aims to attempt to examine projections of Gansu’s urbanization level in 1990-2008 and analyze long-run impact of urbanization construction on rural-urban migration wage income in Gansu province, finally the paper empirically investigate dynamic effect of u...

  5. Study of Intestinal Protozoan Parasites in Rural Inhabitants of Mazandaran Province, Northern Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Rezaeian, M.; Ar, Meamar; MR Nilforoushan; Hosseini, M.; Eb, Kia

    2008-01-01

    Background: Intestinal parasites of humans are important health problems of most communities, especially those situated in tropical and subtropical areas. This study was carried out in rural population of Mazandaran Province, northern Iran, during 2004-2005, with the purpose of achieving a better understanding of the distribution of intestinal protozoan parasites in this province.Methods: A total of 855 stool specimens were collected randomly from rural inhabitants (384 males and 471 females)...

  6. Participatory, Tourist Consumer Behavior-Based, Integrated Tourism Marketing Plan For Chainat Province

    OpenAIRE

    Nak Gulid; Aurathai Lertwannawit

    2013-01-01

    This research aims to study Tourist Consumer Behavior, Tourism Market Segmentation, and Tourism Product Positioning in Chainat Province, Thailand. Quantitative analysis is employed in this study. Four hundred Thai tourists who have traveled to Chainat province at least once are the respondents who filled out the questionnaires. Multiple regression analysis has been used in this study. The majority of the Thai tourists are single females between the ages of 25 and 34, employees in the private ...

  7. Mammalia, Didelphimorphia and Rodentia, Southwest of the province of Mendoza, Argentina.

    OpenAIRE

    Sauthier, D. U.; Teta, P.; Pardin?as, U. F. J.

    2008-01-01

    We documented terrestrial micromammal assemblages at five localities of southwestern Mendoza province,Argentina. We added new localities for several of the most uncommon small mammal species of this region (e.g.Loxodontomys micropus and Tympanoctomys barrerae). Two main groups of terrestrial non-volant micromammals arerepresented in southwestern province of Mendoza: one group is related to the South American arid diagonal, andincludes species typically adapted to the xeric environments of the...

  8. Demographic profile and perceived INSET needs of secondary mathematics teachers in Limpopo province

    OpenAIRE

    Angeline Rakumako; Rüdiger Laugksch

    2010-01-01

    The findings of a study on the demographic profile and perceived INSET needs of secondary Mathematics teachers in Limpopo province are described. The survey instrument employed was the Science Teacher Inventory of Needs for Limpopo province (STIN-LP). Most teachers who responded to this survey teach at a rural or township school, are between 20 and 40 years old, and have between four and ten years experience in teaching Mathematics. Standard 10 is the highest academic qualification of half of...

  9. Epidemiologic Evaluation of Child Abuse and Neglect in School-Aged Children of Qazvin Province, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Manoochehr Mahram; Zahra Hoseinkhani; Saharnaz Nedjat; Ali Aflatouni

    2013-01-01

    Objective: This study was carried out to detect the prevalence of child abuse in three domains of physical, psychological and neglect among elementary school aged children of Qazvin Province, Iran.Methods: In this descriptive-analytic and cross-sectional study, 1028 elementary school aged children of Qazvin Province selected through multistage cluster sampling were assessed for child abuse in all domains, except for sexual abuse through a researcher-made questionnaire. The questionnaire was s...

  10. Estimates of Forest Biomass Carbon Storage in Liaoning Province of Northeast China: A Review and Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Yu, Dapao; Wang, Xiaoyu; Yin, You; Zhan, Jinyu; Lewis, Bernard J.; Tian, Jie; Bao, Ye; Zhou, Wangming; Zhou, Li; Dai, Limin

    2014-01-01

    Accurate estimates of forest carbon storage and changes in storage capacity are critical for scientific assessment of the effects of forest management on the role of forests as carbon sinks. Up to now, several studies reported forest biomass carbon (FBC) in Liaoning Province based on data from China's Continuous Forest Inventory, however, their accuracy were still not known. This study compared estimates of FBC in Liaoning Province derived from different methods. We found substantial variatio...

  11. 2050 pathway to an active renewable energy scenario for Jiangsu province

    OpenAIRE

    Hong, Lixuan; Lund, Henrik; Mathiesen, Brian Vad; Mo?ller, Bernd

    2013-01-01

    In 2009, Jiangsu province of China supplied 99.6 percent of its total energy consumption with fossil fuels, of which 82 percent was imported from other provinces and countries. With rising energy demand, frequent energy shortages, and increasing pollution, it is essential for Jiangsu to put more emphasis on improving its energy efficiency and utilizing its renewable resources in the future. This paper presents the integrated energy pathway for Jiangsu during its social and economic transforma...

  12. University Teachers’ Job Satisfaction in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Safdar Rehman Ghazi; Riasat Ali; Gulap Shahzada; Muhammad Israr

    2010-01-01

    The major purpose of this study was to explore the level of job satisfaction of university teachers in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. The objectives of the study were: to assess the general satisfaction level of university teachers, to determine university teachers’ satisfaction level for each of the twenty dimensions of the job, and to give suggestions to improve university teachers’ job satisfaction level. All the university teachers working in North West Frontier Provinc...

  13. Causes of Domestic Violence between Thai Muslim Married Couples in Satun Province

    OpenAIRE

    Kasetchai Laeheem

    2014-01-01

    The objectives of this qualitative study were to investigate causes of domestic violence between Thai Muslimmarried couples in Satun Province. The data were collected through in-depth interviews with three groups of keyinformants in Satun Province consisting of 1) twenty women facing domestic violence who were admitted inSatun Hospital through the One Stop Crisis Center (OSCC), 2) fifteen married husbands and wives usingdomestic violence recommended by the Community Mosque Committee, and 3) t...

  14. Predictors of Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) Helminth Parasite Diversity in the Provinces of Spain

    OpenAIRE

    Miquel, J.; Real, R.; Segovia, J. M.; Torres, J.; Vargas, J. M.; Barbosa, A. M.

    2005-01-01

    We analysed the viscera of 321 red foxes collected over the last 30 years in 34 of the 47 provinces of peninsular Spain, and identified their helminth parasites. We measured parasite diversity in each sampled province using four diversity indices: Species richness, Margalef's species richness index, Shannon's species diversity index, and inverse Simpson's index. In order to find geographical, environmental, and/or human-related predictors of fox parasite diversity, we recorded 45 variables re...

  15. Performance characteristics of EZhou bentonite of Hubei province and its modifi cation

    OpenAIRE

    Long Wei; Fan Zitian; Hu Xueting

    2009-01-01

    Both the chemical compositions and performance characteristics of the bentonite raw ores in Ezhou area of Hubei province and Honghuoshan area of Liaoning province were compared and analyzed. The properties of these two kinds of bentonites were tested before and after Na+- and Li+-modifi cation. The results show that the Ezhou bentonite ore possesses higher montmorillonite content than the Honghuoshan bentonite ore, but the Ezhou Na-bentonite has weaker castability (e.g. wet compression streng...

  16. Exploratory studies of typical areas in the provinces of Vaesternorrland and Norrbotten during 1980-1981

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report deals with exploratory studies of migmatite areas of the province of Vaesternorrland and a large gabbro massive of the province of Norrbotten. Extensive geological and hydrological studies including deep boreholes are being planned. The exploring studies in Vaesternorrland covered map and photo interpretation, field studies of fissures and exposures. The studies in Norrbotten have been directed towards field investigations of four gabbro massives.(G.B.)

  17. The Economic Value of Laem Phak Bia Mangrove Ecosystem Services in Phetchaburi Province, Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Sitthinan Wiwatthanapornchai; Chucheep Piputsitee; Samakkee Boonyawat

    2014-01-01

    Thailand is a one of the nation in Southeast Asia, covered by numerous mangrove areas approximately 244,000 hectares. Phetchaburi province is the one of the province in Thailand where the mangrove area has been increasing continually since King’s Royally Initiated Laem Phak Bia Environmental Research and Development Project has been set up. The mangrove ecosystems functions are vital to the livelihood of the surrounding community. Laem Phak Bia community is one that has been served from man...

  18. Joint malaria surveys lead towards improved cross-border cooperation between Savannakhet province, Laos and Quang Tri province, Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pongvongsa Tiengkham

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In Savannakhet province, Laos and Quang Tri province, Vietnam, malaria is still an important health problem and most cases are found in the mountainous, forested border areas where ethnic minority groups live. The objectives of this study were to obtain a better joint understanding of the malaria situation along the border and, on the basis of that, improve malaria control methods through better cooperation between the two countries. Methods Fourteen villages in Savannakhet and 22 villages in Quang Tri were randomly selected within 5?km from the border where a blood survey for microscopic diagnosis (n?=?1256 and n?=?1803, respectively, household interviews (n?=?400, both sides and vector surveys were conducted between August and October 2010. Satellite images were used to examine the forest density around the study villages. Results Malaria prevalence was significantly higher in Laos (5.2% than in Vietnam (1.8% and many other differences were found over the short distance across the border. Bed net coverage was high (> 90% in both Laos and Vietnam but, while in Laos more than 60% of the nets were long-lasting insecticide-treated, Vietnam used indoor residual spraying in this area and the nets were untreated. Anopheles mosquitoes were more abundant in Laos than in Vietnam, especially many Anopheles dirus were captured in indoor light traps while none were collected in Vietnam. The forest cover was higher around the Lao than the Vietnamese villages. After this study routine exchange of malaria surveillance data was institutionalized and for the first time indoor residual spraying was applied in some Lao villages. Conclusions The abundance of indoor-collected An. dirus on the Laos side raises doubts about the effectiveness of a sole reliance on long-lasting insecticide-treated nets in this area. Next to strengthening the early detection, correct diagnosis and prompt, adequate treatment of malaria infections, it is recommended to test focal indoor residual spraying and the promotion of insect repellent use in the early evening as additional vector interventions. Conducting joint malaria surveys by staff of two countries proved to be effective in stimulating better collaboration and improve cross-border malaria control.

  19. Complex origins of the Lusitania biogeographic province and northeastern Atlantic fishes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vítor C. Almada

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The Lusitania Province encompasses the warm temperate marine waters between the southern end of the English Channel, in the North, and Cape Juby or Cape Blanco, in the South, including the Mediterranean and the archipelagoes of the Azores, Madeira and the Canary Islands. Briggs and Bowen (2012 proposed that the warm temperate provinces, although retaining their provincial status, should be grouped with the adjacent tropical ones. Thus, they included the Lusitania Province in a warm eastern Atlantic region. We argue that the time elapsed since the Miocene was sufficient to allow the evolution of endemic species, genera and some higher rank taxa, a finding that emphasizes the convenience to avoid the integration of the province in this larger region. The tropicality index for the Lusitania Province is 1.82, indicating a prevalence of warm water over cold water fish. However, this value is strongly biased by the large differences between the Macaronesian archipelagos (4.08 and the mainland coasts of the Lusitania Province (0.66.

  20. Root rot of sugarbeet in the Vojvodina Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stojšin Vera B.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Large changes introduced in the sugar beet production technology in the Vojvodina Province over last 40 years resulted in changes in the etiology and harmfulness of different agents of sugar beet root diseases. Improvements in cultivation practices reduced the harmfulness of some diseases while increased the harmfulness of others. Some disease agents became obsolete, but others gained importance. New agents of root diseases were found. The most frequent damages, persisting over long periods of time were caused by seedling damping-off, Fusarium root rot, charcoal root rot, parasitic (Rhizomania and non-parasitic root bearding. The parasitic damping-off caused by several fungal species but most frequently by Phoma betae occurred at the time when multigerm seeds were used in combination with extensive cultural practices. The agents of seedling diseases completely lost their significance as the consequence of switching to fungicide - treated monogerm seeds, earlier planting and improved soil tillage. In the period of intensive use of agricultural chemicals, seedling damping-off occurred frequently due to the phytotoxic action of chemicals (insecticides, herbicides and mineral fertilizers. In some years, frosts caused damping- off of sugar beet seedlings on a large scale in the Vojvodina Province. Poor sugar beet germination and emergence were frequently due to spring droughts. Sometimes they were due to strong winds. The occurrence of Fusarium root rot and charcoal root rot intensified on poor soils. Fusariosis symptoms were exhibited as plant wilting and different forms of root rot. In recent years root tip rot has occurred frequently in the first part of the growing season causing necrosis and dying of plants. Lateral roots tended to proliferate from the healthy tissue, giving the root a bearded appearance similar to Rhizomania. Fusarium oxysporum was the most frequent agent of this fusariosis. F. graminearum, F. equiseti, F. solani have also been identified in recent years as the agent of root rot, but its importance was much lower. Charcoal root rot and plant wilting (Macrophomina phaseolina have caused extensive damages in sugar beets, especially under the conditions of severe drought and high temperatures in summer. In some years, it was the dominant agent of root rot. Mixed infections caused by fungi from the genera Fusarium and M. phaseolina were encountered frequently. The extent of damage caused by these diseases was reduced by improved pro- duction technology. Rhizomania of sugar beet (caused by beet necrotic yellow vein virus was identified in Serbia in the 1970s. Results of recent investigations have shown that BNYVV is widespread in Vojvodina, since the virus was found on 36,7% (24,674 ha of acreages from 67,213 ha of total sugar beet acreages inspected on incidence of BNYVV in the period from 1997 to 2004 year. In the last few years, the occurrence of Rhizoctonia root rot (Rhizoctonia solani was registered in some localities in Vojvodina.

  1. Quality of asthma care: Western Cape Province, South Africa

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Bob, Mash; Hilary, Rhode; Michael, Pather; Gillian, Ainslie; Elvis, Irusen; Angeni, Bheekie; Pat, Mayers.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Asthma is the eighth leading contributor to the burden of disease in South Africa, but has received less attention than other chronic diseases. The Asthma Guidelines Implementation Project (AGIP) was established to improve the impact of the South African guidelines for chronic asthma in [...] adults and adolescents in the Western Cape. One strategy was an audit tool to assist with assessing and improving the quality of care. METHODS: The audit of asthma care targeted all primary care facilities that managed adult patients with chronic asthma within all six districts of the Western Cape province. The usual steps in the quality improvement cycle were followed. RESULTS: Data were obtained from 957 patients from 46 primary care facilities. Only 80% of patients had a consistent diagnosis of asthma, 11.5% of visits assessed control and 23.2% recorded a peak expiratory flow (PEF), 14% of patients had their inhaler technique assessed and 11.2% were given a self-management plan; 81% of medication was in stock, and the controller/reliever dispensing ratio was 0.6. Only 31.5% of patients were well controlled, 16.3% of all visits were for exacerbations, and 17.6% of all patients had been hospitalised in the previous year. CONCLUSION: The availability of medication and prescription of inhaled steroids is reasonable, yet control is poor. Health workers do not adequately distinguish asthma from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, do not assess control by questions or PEF, do not adequately demonstrate or assess the inhaler technique, and have no systematic approach to or resources for patient education. Ten recommendations are made to improve asthma care.

  2. Interdepartmental communication at tertiary hospital campus in the Limpopo Province

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    TM, Mothiba; BL, Dolamo; ME, Lekhuleni.

    Full Text Available Interdepartmental communication in a hospital setting is fundamental to the provision of quality patient care. Effective communication modes are important because they result in the improvement of patient care (Tappen, 1995:181). Preliminary investigations into the main problems that underscore pati [...] ents' dissatisfaction have identified, among others, the failure of health professionals to communicate effectively. In this study an attempt was made to describe experiences of health professionals with regard to inter-departmental communications , define inter-departmental communication in selected departments of a tertiary hospital campus in the Limpopo Province and lastly, to formulate inter-departmental communication guidelines for health professionals. A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and contextual research method was followed as a holistic approach in research for participants to describe their experiences regarding the phenomenon in question (Brink, 2006:113). Data were collected through individual unstructured interviews in all selected departments for each participant. The researchers employed the principles of Guba and Lincoln (1985) in De Vos (1998:331) relating to trustworthiness and adhered to the ethical standards as set by DENOSA (1998) to ensure the quality of the study. Three themes and categories emerged from the data analysis using Tech's open coding approach (1990) as outlined in De Vos (1998:343), namely, existence versus non-existence of inter-departmental meetings, inter-departmental communication barriers and limited communication guidelines. The guidelines were developed using Ellis, Gates and Kenworthy's model of effective communication (1995:59) that includes the establishment of interdepartmental meetings, using effective communication modes, providing accurate and constant reporting, establishing staff development programmes, creating an effective communication environment and using skills for effective communication.

  3. Discovery of the Sierra Pintada uranium district, Mendoza Province, Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since 1956, uranium-bearing minerals have been known to exist in Sierra Pintada, Mendoza Province, Argentina. Based on paragenetic considerations, a first radiometric prospection was carried out, leading to the discovery of two groups of anomalies (Puesto Agua del Toro and Cuesta de los Terneros), such as vein-type deposits, with uraninite and 'yellow minerals' and one sandstone-type deposit (Puesto La Josefa), related to sediments with carbon trash. Some recent geological research and surveys in the area, and a reduced drilling programme carried out on selected anomalies, led to reinterpretation of the potential of the area. Furthermore, and as a result of an airborne radiometric prospection performed in mid-1968, numerous anomalies have been discovered. The main constellation of anomalies, along the flanks of the El Tigre Brachyanticline, occurs in sandstones of Permian age. Explored by 80 000 m of drilling, they have shown the existence of several peneconcordant lens-shaped ore bodies of economic size, with uranophane on the surface and prevailing uraninite and some brannerite, coffinite and davidite below the water table. Reserves exceed 20 000 tonnes of U3O8. A new regional programme with a 4-km drill-grid initiated in 1978 led to the discovery of new ore bodies which are at present being evaluated. The alternatives and discontinuities during the development of the district, the prospecting and exploration techniques employed, and the resultration techniques employed, and the results achieved in the different stages of the operation are discussed in detail. This case history attempts to illustrate the developing philosophy which was successfully applied in Sierra Pintada, with emphasis on the following points: (a) the need for adequate geological knowledge of the area; (b) the advantage of a massive survey (in this case, air survey); (c) the necessity for exploration (drilling) in order to define the anomalies and make their evaluation possible; and (d) the convenience of extending exploration when geology and control factors have been properly surveyed and recognized

  4. Characterization and Origin of Zonal Sapphire from Shandong Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Xiaoyan; Niu, Xiaowei; Zhao, Linghao

    2015-02-01

    Shandong Province is the main producer of sapphire in China. Among the sapphire deposits discovered in China, Shandong sapphire hosted in Cenzoic basalt shows a great variety of features, especially for in zoning. These sapphire crystals are generally large in size, with depth in color and well-developed zoning. In this article, the characteristics of zonal sapphire have been studied by using petrography, trace element data from laser ablation inductively coupled with plasma-mass spectrometry, and Raman spectrometry. The trace elements variation is proposed to correspond with their parent magma composition, and the changes in growth environment of sapphire have resulted in the formation of zoning features. Sapphires from different geological settings have different characteristics. Trace elements in sapphire not only affect the color but also reflect the changes of physical and chemical conditions of sapphire growth. The concentration of impurity elements in the zoning core of Shandong sapphire is the highest, indicating that the parent magma of Shandong sapphire-host basaltic rock is rich in trace elements. Fe content is more than 2.00% in the zoning core, which causes the deepest color in the samples. It also suggests that the total content of Fe is positively correlated to the band color. The Raman spectrum shows that the spectrum peaks at 246 cm-1 caused by Fe3+ vary regularly with the band color, which shows that Fe is dominated by Fe3+ in Shandong sapphire. With the changes of forming condition, the parent magma composition has changed accordingly, which causes the zoning formation.

  5. Seismicity and tectonics in Jujuy Province, northwestern Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cahill, Thomas; Isacks, Bryan L.; Whitman, Dean; Chatelain, Jean-Luc; Perez, Alejandro; Chiu, Jer Ming

    1992-10-01

    The Portable Array for Numerical Digital Analysis (PANDA) network, a digitally recorded seismic array, operated for nine months in Jujuy province of northwestern Argentina. The network was deployed along the eastern edge of the Altiplano-Puna plateau in a major N-S thrust belt that is transitional in style between the thin-skinned deformation of the Bolivian foreland to the north and basement-involved deformation of the Pampean region to the south. Teleseismic locations of crustal earthquakes in the region indicate that seismicity is associated with compressional structures found near the eastern deformation front. No crustal seismicity was detected beneath the Puna plateau to the west. Peak seismicity levels beneath the foreland occurred between 20 and 25 km depth; a sharp decrease in seismicity was observed below 25 km. An estimate of 42 km for the thickness of the Jujuy foreland crust was inferred from wide-angle Moho reflections observed on the digital seismograms. The highest concentration of crustal seismicity was located beneath Sierra de Zapla, a broad anticline immediately east of San Salvador de Jujuy. Many of the earthquakes in the 20-25 km depth range have a shallow, west dipping nodal plane as does the focal mechanism solution for a moderately large 1973 earthquake. Inversion of focal mechanism data for the orientation of principal stresses shows that maximum compression is oriented at azimuth 74°, closely paralleling both the current Nazca-South America convergence direction and the shortening direction derived from regional Quaternary fault slip data. We interpret the earthquakes as occurring on planes of weakness first produced during Cretaceous rifting and later reactivated by Neogene compressive stresses. Crustal seismicity patterns and fault plane solutions suggest the presence of a midcrustal detachment, along which significant late Cenozoic E-W shortening has occurred.

  6. Investigation of environmental natural penetrating radiation level in Sichuan Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The methods and results of investigation on natural penetrating radiation level in Sichuan Province are reported. 418 25 km x 25 km-grid measuring points were set up uniformly in the east of Sichuan and 98 50 km x 50 km-grid in the mount area of West Sichuan totally 516 grid points, with 355 densely measuring points of different types added. The results show that: (1) The area-weighted, population-weighted and point-weighted average value of natural ? radiation dose rate for field is 62.8, 62.5 and 64.6 nGy·h-1, respectively; (2) The point-weighted average value of natural ? radiation dose rate for road is 63.0 nGy·h-1; (3) The population-weighted and point-weighted average value of natural ? radiation dose rate inside buildings is 91.6 and 92.1 nGy·h-1, respectively; (4) The point-weighted and population-weighted average value of the dose rate inside buildings from cosmic ray is 33.5 and 31.2 nGy·h-1, and outside buildings is 39.6 and 33.5 nGy·h-1, respectively; (5)The point-weighted and population-weighted average value of natural penetrating radiation dose rate inside buildings is 122.5 and 117.9 nGy·h-1, outside buildings is 102.1 and 96.7 nGy·h-1, respectively; (6) The annual effective dose equivalent from cosmic ray, natural ? radiation and natural penetrating radiation is 0.26, 0.51 and 0.77 mSv, respectively; and correspondingly, the annual collective effective dose equivalllective effective dose equivalent is 2.59 x 104, 5.09 x 104 and 7.68 x 104 man·Sv, respectively

  7. The petrogenesis of metamorphosed carbonatites in the Grenville Province, Ontario

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Veins and dikes of calcite-rich rocks within the Central Metasedimentary Belt boundary zone (CMBbz) in the Grenville Province of Ontario have been interpreted to be true carbonatites or to be pseudocarbonatites derived from interaction of pegmatite melts and regional Grenville marble. The putative carbonatites have been metamorphosed and consist mainly of calcite, biotite, and apatite with lesser amounts of clinopyroxene, magnetite, allanite, zircon, titanite, cerite, celestite, and barite. The rocks have high P and rare earth element (REE) contents, and calcite in carbonatite has elevated Sr, Fe, and Mn contents relative to Grenville Supergroup marble and marble melange. Values of ?18OSMOW (9.9 - 13.3o/oo) and ?13CPDB (-4.8 to -1.9o/oo) for calcite are also distinct from those for marble and most marble melange. Titanites extracted from clinopyroxene -calcite-scapolite skarns formed by metasomatic interaction of carbonatites and silicate lithologies yield U-Pb ages of 1085 to 1035 Ma. Zircon from one carbonatite body yields a U-Pb age of 1089 ± 5 Ma; zircon ages from two other bodies are 1170 ± 3 and 1143 ± 8 Ma, suggesting several carbonatite formation events or remobilization of carbonatite during deformation and metamorphism around 1080 Ma. Values of ?Nd(T) are 1.7 - 3.2 for carbonatites, -1.5 -1.0 for REE-rich granite dikes intruding the CMBbz, and 1.6 - 1.7 for marble. The mineralogy and geochemical dae. The mineralogy and geochemical data are consistent with derivation of the carbonatites from a depleted mantle source. Mixing calculations indicate that interaction of REE-rich pegmatites with regional marbles cannot reproduce selected major and minor element abundance, REE contents, and O and Nd isotope compositions of the carbonatites. (author)

  8. The petrogenesis of metamorphosed carbonatites in the Grenville Province, Ontario

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moecher, D.P.; Anderson, E.D.; Cook, C.A. [Univ. of Kentucky, Dept. of Geological Sciences, Lexington, Kentucky (United States)]. E-mail: moker@pop.uky.edu; Mezger, K. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Chemie, Mainz (Germany)

    1997-09-15

    Veins and dikes of calcite-rich rocks within the Central Metasedimentary Belt boundary zone (CMBbz) in the Grenville Province of Ontario have been interpreted to be true carbonatites or to be pseudocarbonatites derived from interaction of pegmatite melts and regional Grenville marble. The putative carbonatites have been metamorphosed and consist mainly of calcite, biotite, and apatite with lesser amounts of clinopyroxene, magnetite, allanite, zircon, titanite, cerite, celestite, and barite. The rocks have high P and rare earth element (REE) contents, and calcite in carbonatite has elevated Sr, Fe, and Mn contents relative to Grenville Supergroup marble and marble melange. Values of {delta}{sup 18}O{sub SMOW} (9.9 - 13.3o/oo) and {delta}{sup 13}C{sub PDB} (-4.8 to -1.9o/oo) for calcite are also distinct from those for marble and most marble melange. Titanites extracted from clinopyroxene -calcite-scapolite skarns formed by metasomatic interaction of carbonatites and silicate lithologies yield U-Pb ages of 1085 to 1035 Ma. Zircon from one carbonatite body yields a U-Pb age of 1089 {+-} 5 Ma; zircon ages from two other bodies are 1170 {+-} 3 and 1143 {+-} 8 Ma, suggesting several carbonatite formation events or remobilization of carbonatite during deformation and metamorphism around 1080 Ma. Values of {epsilon}{sub Nd}(T) are 1.7 - 3.2 for carbonatites, -1.5 -1.0 for REE-rich granite dikes intruding the CMBbz, and 1.6 - 1.7 for marble. The mineralogy and geochemical data are consistent with derivation of the carbonatites from a depleted mantle source. Mixing calculations indicate that interaction of REE-rich pegmatites with regional marbles cannot reproduce selected major and minor element abundance, REE contents, and O and Nd isotope compositions of the carbonatites. (author)

  9. [Vibrational spectra of Caesious nephrite from Qinghai Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Quan-li; Xu, Ya-lan; Ai, Su-jie; He, An-qi; Yin, Zuo-wei

    2014-08-01

    Qinghai caesious nephrite is discovered in the 1990s in the Golmud area of Qinghai Province. The conventional gemological testing methods, electron microprobe, infrared absorption spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy were used in this study to analyze the chemical composition and infrared spectra characteristics of the caesious nephrite, selected from the jade mine of Xiaozhaohuo river in Golmud area. The results show that, the gemological physical properties of the Qinghai caesious nephrite are similar to other origin nephrite. Electron microprobe analysis indicates that the MgO, CaO and SiO2 are the major and stable composition for the caesious nephrite. The content of MgO and CaO are 18. 572%-23.603% and 12.333%-12.807% respectively. Moreover, the content of SiO2 is 56.799%-59.926%. In addition, it also contains a higher content of FeOr(Wt%: 1.924%-8.699%) and an amount of Al2O3, TiO2 and Na2O. Infrared absorption and Raman spectra show that the Qinghai caesious nephrite has a characteristic spectral features of tremolite indicating it is mainly composed of tremolite. The different frequency of the infrared absorption bands is due to the difference of Mg--Fe2+ isomorphous substitutionand Fe2+ content of the caesious nephrite. Comprehensive analysis of chemical composition and vibrational spectroscopy indicate that the color of dark gray blue for the Qinghai nephrite is mainly related to its high content of FeOr, and the Fe is a main coloring element. PMID:25508705

  10. Survey of Dogs’ Parasites in Khorasan Razavi Province, Iran

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    GhR Razmi

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground: Dog is known to act as definitive host for some parasites that cause important diseases in man and animals. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of Neospora caninum and other intestinal parasites in dogs in Khorasan Razavi Province, Iran. "nMethods: A cross-sectional study was done concerning frequency of N. canium and other in­testinal parasites in dogs in Mashhad area. Totally, 174 fecal samples from 89 farm dogs and 85 household dogs were collected from 2006 to 2007. Fecal samples were examined for de­tecting intestinal parasites by Mini Parasep®SF faecal parasite concentrator in Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran "nResults: The overall prevalence of other intestinal parasites in farm dogs and household dogs were 29.21% and 14.11%, respectively. Seven parasites were found in farm dogs as follows: Toxocara canis 17.9%, Taenia sp. 10.1% , Strongyloides stercoralis 5.6%, Hammondia Neo­spora-like oocysts (HNLO 4.4% , Isospora sp. 7.8 %, Sarcocystis sp. 7.8 % and   Giardia sp. 1.1%  and four parasite in housed dogs:  Toxocara. 4.4%, Taenia sp. 3.3 % , Isospora sp. 2.3 % and  Sarcocystis sp. 4.7 %.  The fecal samples with HNLO were examined by N. caninum -specific PCR, and two of samples were positive for N. caninum. "nConclusion: The farm and household dogs are the source of some important zoonotic and non-zoonotic diseases in Iran .

  11. Impacts of shoreline erosion on coastal ecosystems in Songkhla Province

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    Nipaporn Chusrinuan

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Songkhla Province is located on the eastern coast of the southern Thai Peninsula, bordering the Gulf of Thailand for approximately 107 km. Most of the basin’s foreshores have been extensively developed for housing, tourism and shrimp farming. The beaches are under deteriorating impacts, often causing sediment transport which leads to an unnaturally high erosion rate. This natural phenomenon is considered to be a critical problem in the coastal areas affected by the hazard of coastal infrastructure and reduced beach esthetics for recreation. In this study, shoreline changes were compared between 1975 and 2006 using aerial photographs and Landsat imageries using Geographic Information System (GIS. The results revealed that 18.5 km2 of the coastal areas were altered during the period. Of this, 17.3 km2 suffered erosion and 1.2 km2were subjected to accretion. The most significant changes occurred between 1975-2006. Shoreline erosion was found at Ban Paktrae, Ranot District, with an average erosion rate of 5.3 m/year, while accretion occurred at Laem Samila, MuangSongkhla District with an average accretion rate of 2.04 m/year. The occurrences of shoreline erosion have contributed to the degradation of coastal soil and water quality, destruction of beach and mangrove forests, loss of human settlements and livelihood.These processes have led to deterioration of the quality of life of the residents. Prevention and mitigation measures to lessen economic and social impacts due to shoreline erosion are discussed.

  12. Energy drinks consumption in male construction workers, Chonburi province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pichainarong, Natchaporn; Chaveepojnkamjorn, Wisit; Khobjit, Pattama; Veerachai, Viroj; Sujirarat, Dusit

    2004-12-01

    This unmatched case-control study aimed to determine the relationship among caffeine drinks consumption known as "energy drinks consumption", drug dependence and related factors in male construction workers in Chonburi Province. It was conducted during December 15, 2001 and February 15, 2002. Data were collected using interview questionnaires. The logistic regression was used to control possible confounding factors. The subjects consisted of 186 cases who had consumed energy drinks for more than 3 months and 186 controls who had given up for more than 3 months. They were frequency/group matched by age group. There was statistically significant association among energy drinks consumption and overtime work, motivation from advertisements, positive attitude of energy drinks consumption, alcohol drinks, smoking and ex-taking Kratom behavior. Multivariate analyses revealed that only 5 factors were related to energy drinks consumption: marital status (OR = 1.88, 95%CI: 1.14, 3.11), overtime work (OR = 2.84, 95%CI: 1.73, 4.64), motivation from advertisements (OR = 2.72, 95%CI: 1.67, 4.42), positive attitude of energy drinks consumption (OR = 4.06, 95%CI: 1.65, 10.01) and ex-taking Kratom behavior (OR = 2.77, 95%CI: 1.19, 6.44). As a result, construction workers should be provided with the knowledge of energy drinks consumption, the effect of drug dependence behavior, and the advantages of safe and healthy food that is cheap, readily available, and rich in nutrients. PMID:15822540

  13. Birth weight in Kohkilooyeh and Boyer Ahmad province, 1999

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    Goshtasbi Nasab A

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available The newborn's weight at birth is an important measure for newborn's health in all communities. Among developed countries, 70 percent of low birth weight (LBW newborns are preterm. The corresponding figure for undeveloped countries is only 30 percent, there are also evidence of intra-uterine growth retardation among these countries. Among effective factors on LBW, maternal related factors have important role in promotion and improvement of infants and mother's health. This study is a descriptive-analytic one and was conducted cross-sectionally through a questionnair. The study population determined by simple random sampling from newborns under coverage of urban health centers in Kohgiloye and Boyerahmad province. Necessary data collected from existing medical and health records filed in the health centers. Among 285 newborns, 88.4 percent considered with normal weight, 4 percent with IBW and 11.6 percent with more than normal weight. 7.4 percent of cases were immature. 85.3 percent of the mothers in study population were in immune range of age for pregnancy and 7.6 percent of them were illiterate. Except the sex of newborn (P=0.0008 and gestational age at birth (P<0.001 none of the variables demonstrated a significant statistical relation with the birth weight. The results of this study confirm other research's findings and reveal that with improving material factors such as mother's age, employment and literacy, the factors which are effective on birth weight, will be dependent on physiological factors such as sex of newborn and gestational age at birth.

  14. Current analysis of orcharding in the Isparta Province (Turkey

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    Sargin Sevil

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In this study, orcharding activity in the Isparta Province, Turkey, is analysed. Until a few years ago, the economy of Isparta was associated with hand carpet weaving, rose-growing and rose-oil extraction. However, over the last few years orcharding has attracted attention as the most important economic activity in Isparta. This is especially visible in the districts of E?irdir, Gelendost, Senirkent and Yalvac where many kinds of fruits, specifically apples and cherries, are grown for the market. Physical geography features of Isparta have an important potential for developing orcharding. Suitable climatic conditions, fertile soils and fresh water resources, both surface and underground, are distinctive elements of this potential. In addition, irrigation projects, modern agricultural techniques, quality and resistible fruit types, appropriate fertilisation, pruning and disinfecting are human activities effecting the development of orcharding. Moreover, establishing modern and high capacity cold stores nearby the areas where fruits are grown is regarded an important factor increasing the value of Isparta fruits on the national and international markets. Thus, developing commercial orcharding in Isparta is gaining importance as a profitable activity as well as an opportunity for rural population for employment in fruit picking, storing, packaging and transporting. The emphasis of this study is put on current development of orcharding, distribution of apple, cherry, grape and other fruits production, reasons for this distribution and problems associated with orcharding in Isparta. Besides formal data collection, the findings obtained during field studies in Bo?azova as well as on the Uluborlu-Senirkent and Gelendost Plains enable the authors to conclude that orcharding has become the most important rural activity in the region.

  15. Assessment of Radioactivity in Soil from Trang Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Specific activities of primordial radionuclides 226Ra,232Th and 40K in 88 soil samples collected from every district in 10 amphurs of Trang province, were measured and evaluated using a high-purity germanium (HPGe) detector and gamma spectrometry analysis system at Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology (Public Organization). The volume standard soil source (IAEA 375-soil) was used to compare and calculate specific activities. From the experimental data, it was found that the specific activity ranges from 16.35 - 889.99 Bq/kg for 226Ra, 0.47 - 298.18 Bq/kg for 232Th and 58.23 - 1425.73 Bq/kg for40K with mean values of 76.48±3.38 Bq/kg, 84.38±4.53 Bq/kg and 384.85±23.30 Bq/kg, respectively. The specific activities of these radionuclides were also compared with Office of Atoms for Peace (OAP) research data, Thailand and global radioactivity measurements and evaluations. Furthermore, absorbed dose rates in air (D), Radium equivalent activities (Raeq) and external hazard index (Hex) were calculated using the calculated data in soil samples collected. It was found that of all of these samples have a mean value of radium equivalent activities lower than the limit set in the OECD report (<370 Bq/kg). The mean value of all external hazard indices (Hex) was also found lower than the safety limits (<1.0). Moreover, the annual effective dose rate in air of all soil samples were also asse air of all soil samples were also assessed and compared with the worldwide average values (UNSCEAR, 1988, 1993, 2000). It was found that the value is lower than 0.48 mSv/y

  16. Quantitative Estimation of Biomass Energy and Evaluation of Biomass Utilization - A Case Study of Jilin Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Junnian Song; Wei Yang; Helmut Yabar; Yoshiro Higano

    2013-01-01

    Jilin Province, as a large agricultural province, has abundant reserve of biomass resources. At the same time Jilin Province is currently suffering from energy shortage. Besides, consumption of conventional fossil fuels has resulted in the exacerbation of global warming and air pollution. Biomass energy as a renewable and substitutive energy, can mitigate the energy crisis and global warming, and improve environmental quality once it is fully utilized. This paper estimated the supply potentia...

  17. Selected conditions for the development of tourism in the sieradzkie province in the Years 1975-1998

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arkadiusz P?omi?ski

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available On 1st June 1975 a new two-tier administrative division of the country was introduced creating 49 new provinces. One of the newly created provinces was sieradzkie. On the territory of the sieradzkie province the development of tourism was coordinated and supervised by the department for physical education and tourism (the name of the department during the period changed repeatedly. The main factors for the development of tourism in the sieradzkie province included: the amount of funding spent on tasks related to tourism, tourism infrastructure (accommodation and catering, qualified tourist staff, as well as activities in the field of information and promotion of tourism.

  18. THE CHANGES IN THE DIRECTION OF MIGRATION FROM MARD?N PROVINCE

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    Veysi GÜNAL

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, it is aimed to investigate the changes in the direction of migration from Mardin province and Mardin origin population residing in provinces. First, Mardin province continuously has given migration more from take because of demographic and economic indicators. For security reasons, in 1990’s, it has been seen an increase in migration. Besides the amount of migration, the direction of migration has changed also. For example, in period of 1975-1980, while the ranking of the provinces in migration from Mardin was ?zmir (15.1%, ?stanbul (13.2%, Diyarbak?r (12.8%, Adana (9.8%, Siirt (7.9%, Hatay (4.5% and ?çel (4.4%, the ranking has changed as ?stanbul (26.6%, Adana (10.4%, ?zmir (9.0%, Diyarbak?r (5.9%, Mersin (5.0%, Ankara (4.4%, ?anl?urfa (3.3% and Batman (3.3% in period of 2009-2010. According to this result, ?zmir, Manisa and Hatay getting the first waves of immigration from Mardin province have lost importance today and ?stanbul, Adana, Mersin and Gaziantep have become important instead of them.

  19. U-series concentration in surface and ground water resources of Ardabil province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hundred and sixteen water resources including springs, wells, rivers and lakes in Ardabil province, northwest of Iran, were sampled and analyzed. The analysis included chemical analyses, 222Rn and 226Ra levels as well as total Uranium contents. 222 >Rn levels were determined only for hot springs. The concentrations of Radium and Uranium in all water resources of Ardabil province were determined by the collector chamber and fluorimetric methods, respectively. The Radium and Uranium concentrations ranged from 2.0 to 300 mBq L-1 and from 1.4 to 280 ppb, respectively. Furthermore, the annual effective dose varied between 8 and 47 ?S y-1. The reason for variations of Radium and Uranium concentration is the diverse geological structures in Ardabil province. The aim of this study was to determine the level of natural radioactivity in all water resources of the Ardabil province and whether this radiation causes any danger to health. The hot springs were found to have high level of activities and some water resources in Meshkin-Shahr city had the highest activities among other cities in Ardabil province. (authors)

  20. Emergence of rabies in the Gauteng Province, South Africa: 2010-2011

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Claude T, Sabeta; Jacqueline, Weyer; Peter, Geertsma; Debra, Mohale; Jacobeth, Miyen; Lucille H, Blumberg; Patricia A, Leman; Baby, Phahladira; Wonderful, Shumba; Johan, Walters; Janusz T, Paweska.

    Full Text Available Canine rabies is enzootic throughout Sub-Saharan Africa, including the Republic of South Africa. Historically, in South Africa the coastal provinces of KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape were most affected. Alarmingly, outbreaks of canine rabies have been increasingly reported in the past decade from si [...] tes where it has previously been under control. From January 2010 to December 2011, 53 animal rabies cases were confirmed; these were mostly in domestic dogs from southern Johannesburg, which was previously considered to be rabies free. In addition, one case was confirmed in a 26-month old girl who had been scratched by a pet puppy during this period. The introduction of rabies into Gauteng Province was investigated through genetic analysis of rabies positive samples confirmed during the outbreak period. In addition, the nucleotide sequences of incidental cases reported in the province for the past ten years were also included in the analysis. It was found that the recent canine rabies outbreak in the Gauteng Province came from the introduction of the rabies virus from KwaZulu-Natal, with subsequent local spread in the susceptible domestic dog population of southern Johannesburg. The vulnerability of the province was also highlighted through multiple, deadend introductions in the past ten years. This is the first report of a rabies outbreak in the greater Johannesburg area with evidence of local transmission in the domestic dog population.

  1. Current infection rate of Giardia lamblia in two provinces of Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wongjindanon, Nuttapong; Suksrichavalit, Thummaruk; Subsutti, Wanitcha; Sarachart, Titima; Worapisuttiwong, Utsanee; Norramatha, Pakawat

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this study was to survey for the current rate of Giardia lamblia infection in three different districts in two provinces of Thailand, Surin and Samut Sakhon, in March 2002, October 2003, and March 2004. Two districts are rural areas and another is sub-urban. Volunteers of any age from Surin Province and children aged between 5 to 7 years old from three secondary schools in Samut Sakhon were enrolled for the stool examination. The method used was stool examination by both simple smear and normal saline concentration technique on fresh collected feces. All samples were tested in duplicate. Out of 3,358 healthy individuals from rural Surin Province, 75 cases (2.2%) were found positive for G. lamblia, 30 of which were below 10 years of age. By comparison, 656 individuals from sub-urban Samut Sakhon Province volunteered and 43 (6.5%) were positive for G. lamblia. Other intestinal parasites, both helminth and protozoa, were also identified from these two groups: hookworm, Enterobius vermicularis, Strongyloides stercoralis, Trichuris trichiura, Taenia species, Entamoeba histolytica, Entamoeba coli, Endolimax nana, and Blastocystis hominis. From this study, the data showed that parasitic infection acquired via fecal-oral route is still a significant problem for these two provinces of Thailand. PMID:16438174

  2. Biostratigraphy and geochronology of the late Cenozoic of Córdoba Province (central Argentina)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz, Laura Edith

    2013-03-01

    In the last twenty years, several geological and stratigraphical studies have been undertaken in Córdoba Province, and they have provided useful bases for biostratigraphic work in the late Cenozoic. However, paleontological contributions have been limited to preliminary analyses of mammal assemblages, or specific discoveries. The aim of this work is to contribute to biostratigraphic knowledge of Argentina through the study of late Cenozoic mammals from Córdoba Province. Five localities have been analyzed: San Francisco, Miramar, Río Cuarto, Isla Verde, and Valle de Traslasierra. Through biostratigraphic analysis the first records of several taxa were established, and mammal assemblages with the description and correlation of the sedimentary strata were confirmed. Finally, three Assemblage Zones (Biozonas de Asociación) were proposed: 1) Neosclerocalyptus paskoensis-Equus (Amerhippus) assemblage zone with type area and profile based on the San Francisco locality, referred to the Lujanian (late Pleistocene-early Holocene), and comparable to the Equus (Amerhippus) neogeus Biozone of Buenos Aires Province; 2) Neosclerocalyptus ornatus-Catonyx tarijensis assemblage zone with type area and profile based on the San Francisco locality, referred to the Ensenadan (early Pleistocene) and comparable to the Mesotherium cristatum Biozone of Buenos Aires Province, and 3) Nonotherium hennigi-Propanochthus bullifer assemblage zone with type area and profile based on the Los Sauces river, Valle de Traslasierra, referred to the Montehermosan-Chapadmalalan interval (Pliocene), and comparable to the Trigodon gaudryi, Neocavia depressidens and/or Paraglyptodon chapadmalensis Biozones of Buenos Aires Province.

  3. Chemical zoning of muscovite megacrystal from the Brazilian Pegmatite Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rúbia R. Viana

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Macroscopically homogenous muscovite plate from the Cruzeiro pegmatite, located in the Eastern Pegmatite Province in Minas Gerais, may show complex distribution patterns of some trace elements. In geochronological and petrological studies, as for example in the distinction of magmatic and post-magmatic mica, the cause of zoning could be taken into consideration. The complex chemical zoning in the studied mica plate can be best explained by growth in an evolving magma followed by alteration due to percolation of hydrothermal fluids. Enrichment of Rb towards the border is interpreted as resulting from the chemical evolution of the residual magma during crystal growth. The depletion in (IV Al+VI Al as well as the increase in (Fe+Mg and Si along a fracture could be due to the hydrothermal celadonitic substitution of muscovite. This alteration also caused depletion in the contents of Rb, Ga, Y, Nb, Sn, and Zn and residual concentration of Ti. Elements such as Ga, Y, Nb, Sn, and Zn, rarely considered in the discussion of differentiation or alteration processes in micas, have been shown to be as significant as the alkali-elements.Um grande cristal de muscovita, macroscopicamente homogêneo, procedente do Pegmatito Cruzeiro, localizado na Província Pegmatítica Oriental, em Minas Gerais, exibe padrão de distribuição complexa para alguns elementos traços. Em estudos geocronológicos e petrológicos, como, por exemplo, na separação entre micas magmáticas e pós-magmáticas, a causa de zoneamento deve ser levada em consideração. O complexo zoneamento químico no cristal de mica estudado é melhor explicado pelo crescimento em um magma evoluído, seguido pela alteração, proveniente da percolação de fluidos hidrotermais. O enriquecimento de Rb nas bordas é interpretado como resultado da evolução química do magma residual durante o crescimento do cristal. A diminuição em (IV Al+VI Al, bem como o aumento de (Fe+Mg e Si ao longo da fratura é explicado pela substituição hidrotermal celadonítica da muscovita. A alteração hidrotermal causou, também, a diminuição nos conteúdos de Rb, Ga, Y, Nb, Sn e Zn ao longo desta fratura, além da concentração residual de Ti. Elementos tais como, Ga, Y, Nb, Sn, e Zn, pouco considerados em discussão de diferenciação ou processos de alteração, mostraram significância tanto quanto os elementos alcalinos.

  4. Chemical zoning of muscovite megacrystal from the Brazilian Pegmatite Province

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rúbia R., Viana; Hanna J., Evangelista; Willem B., Stern.

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Um grande cristal de muscovita, macroscopicamente homogêneo, procedente do Pegmatito Cruzeiro, localizado na Província Pegmatítica Oriental, em Minas Gerais, exibe padrão de distribuição complexa para alguns elementos traços. Em estudos geocronológicos e petrológicos, como, por exemplo, na separação [...] entre micas magmáticas e pós-magmáticas, a causa de zoneamento deve ser levada em consideração. O complexo zoneamento químico no cristal de mica estudado é melhor explicado pelo crescimento em um magma evoluído, seguido pela alteração, proveniente da percolação de fluidos hidrotermais. O enriquecimento de Rb nas bordas é interpretado como resultado da evolução química do magma residual durante o crescimento do cristal. A diminuição em (IV Al+VI Al), bem como o aumento de (Fe+Mg) e Si ao longo da fratura é explicado pela substituição hidrotermal celadonítica da muscovita. A alteração hidrotermal causou, também, a diminuição nos conteúdos de Rb, Ga, Y, Nb, Sn e Zn ao longo desta fratura, além da concentração residual de Ti. Elementos tais como, Ga, Y, Nb, Sn, e Zn, pouco considerados em discussão de diferenciação ou processos de alteração, mostraram significância tanto quanto os elementos alcalinos. Abstract in english Macroscopically homogenous muscovite plate from the Cruzeiro pegmatite, located in the Eastern Pegmatite Province in Minas Gerais, may show complex distribution patterns of some trace elements. In geochronological and petrological studies, as for example in the distinction of magmatic and post-magma [...] tic mica, the cause of zoning could be taken into consideration. The complex chemical zoning in the studied mica plate can be best explained by growth in an evolving magma followed by alteration due to percolation of hydrothermal fluids. Enrichment of Rb towards the border is interpreted as resulting from the chemical evolution of the residual magma during crystal growth. The depletion in (IV Al+VI Al) as well as the increase in (Fe+Mg) and Si along a fracture could be due to the hydrothermal celadonitic substitution of muscovite. This alteration also caused depletion in the contents of Rb, Ga, Y, Nb, Sn, and Zn and residual concentration of Ti. Elements such as Ga, Y, Nb, Sn, and Zn, rarely considered in the discussion of differentiation or alteration processes in micas, have been shown to be as significant as the alkali-elements.

  5. Seroprevalence of foot-and-mouth disease in the southern provinces of Cambodia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tum, Sothyra; Robertson, Ian Ducan; Edwards, John; Abila, Ronello; Morzaria, Subhash

    2015-03-01

    A serological surveillance study was conducted between March and June 2006 in the southern provinces of Cambodia to determine the prevalence and distribution of foot-and-mouth disease. Cattle and buffalo originating from eight provinces and 69 villages were sampled. The results revealed that the village level prevalence of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in the southern provinces of Cambodia was 87 % with an overall individual animal prevalence of 30 %. Three serotypes: O, A and Asia 1 were detected in this region with a prevalence of 28.5, 9.5 and 9.3 %, respectively. However, as the antibody level to FMDV serotypes A and Asia 1 were generally low, it is likely that serotype O is responsible for most of the recent outbreaks of FMD in Cambodia. Seropositive animals were older than seronegative animals, especially with serotype O. PMID:25616981

  6. Mine land reclamation and eco-reconstruction in Shanxi province I: mine land reclamation model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bing-yuan, Hao; Li-xun, Kang

    2014-01-01

    Coal resource is the main primary energy in our country, while Shanxi Province is the most important province in resource. Therefore Shanxi is an energy base for our country and has a great significance in energy strategy. However because of the heavy development of the coal resource, the ecological environment is worsening and the farmland is reducing continuously in Shanxi Province. How to resolve the contradiction between coal resource exploitation and environmental protection has become the imperative. Thus the concept of "green mining industry" is arousing more and more attention. In this assay, we will talk about the basic mode of land reclamation in mine area, the engineering study of mine land reclamation, the comprehensive model study of mine land reclamation, and the design and model of ecological agricultural reclamation in mining subsidence. PMID:25050398

  7. Mini-hydropower development in human province of China and its position in the national economy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hunan province is situated in the southern part of the middle reaches of Yangtze River. With a population of 61 million, it covers an area of about 211,800 km2, equivalent to forty percents of the territorial area of France. Throughout the province, there are more than 5300 rivers and 13000 reservoirs completed before 1991, of which over 7300 mini-hydropower stations are under operation. The theoretical hydropower potential is 15320 MW among them 12990 MW can be exploited with a total installed capacity of 1320 MW and an annual generation output of 4150 GWh. The paper will describe the general condition of the hydropower resources, development of mini-hydropower in Human province and its positive role in the national economy. Additionally, the standard of classification, the type of equipment for the medium and small-sized hydropower plants and market conditions in Hunan will be also involved in the paper. 5 tabs

  8. Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones. Part IV. Kohgilouyeh & Boyer Ahmad Province.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Navidpour, S.

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available According to previous surveys, only Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889, Orthochirus zagrosensis Kova?ík, 2004, and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861 have been recorded from Kohgilouyeh & Boyer Ahmad Province. Collections made by a team under Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran reveal eight other species belonging to two families recorded from the province for the first time: Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807; Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905; Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880; Hottentotta zagrosensis Kova?ík, 1997; Odontobuthus bidentatus Lourenço et Pézier, 2002; Orthochirus iranus Kova?ík, 2004; Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903; and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900. Also presented is a key to all species of scorpions found in the province.

  9. Micromammals in the Northern Cape Province of South Africa, past and present

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    D. Margaret, Avery; Graham, Avery.

    Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english This paper provides a basis for conservation work by detailing the micromammalian taxa occurring in the Northern Cape Province. It presents new evidence from 30 barn owl pellet collections, augmented by previously published material from trapping or observation (here called 'conventional' reports) a [...] nd owl roosts, divided into pre-1930, 1930-1979 and 1980 and newer as an indication of continuity of occurrence. A historical perspective is added by the inclusion of material from two archaeological sites dating to the Pleistocene (before about 10 000 years ago) and || from the Holocene (after about 10 000 years ago). Northern Cape Province synonymies are provided as an aid to equating older records with modern taxonomy. In all, 77 currently recognized micromammalian species have been recorded from the province. These comprise five Afrosoricida (golden moles), six Macroscelidea (elephant shrews), eight Soricomorpha (forest shrews), 16 Chiroptera (bats), and 42 Rodentia (rodents).

  10. Analysis of land use and cover change in Sichuan province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Zezhong; Yang, Wunian; Zhou, Guoqing; Wang, Xiaoting

    2012-01-01

    A series of environmental policies in Sichuan province was executed to restore the grassland and forestland on some degraded lands after 2000. But the effectiveness on land use and cover change (LUCC) has not yet been systematically investigated. We undertook a detailed analysis about land use and cover change between 2000 and 2005 in Sichuan province. Our study mainly utilized remotely sensed data of 2005 China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite II (CBERS II) and 2000 Landsat 5 thematic mapper (TM) data. Land use and cover change between 2000 and 2005 was visually interpreted by CBERS II with ArcInfo Workstation based on land use and cover database interpreted from TM. Then LUCC was validated by ground truth with global positioning system receivers. Our analysis illustrates that the conservation policies to restore the grassland and forestland were successful to a lesser extent. But more measures to restore the grassland and forestland of Sichuan province have to be taken further in the future.

  11. IMPACT OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT ON YOUTH EMPLOYMENT IN ZIMBABWE: THE CASE OF MASVINGO PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clainos Chidoko

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Zimbabwe is basically endowed in agricultural resources. As a result agricultural activities have a large bearing on developmental issues in the country. Employment is one such economic issue that hinges much on agricultural development. Over the past decade employment levels have reduced as a result of low investment in the country. Masvingo Province has not been spared. This scenario has seen many youths being out of employment as the sector employed less labour. The study found out that economic woes that Zimbabwe experienced over the past half decade have contributed significantly to youth unemployment in agriculture in Masvingo Province as a result of low investment in the sector. The study recommends that heavy investment be put in agriculture and agriculture related projects to enhance employment levels of the Zimbabwean youths in Masvingo province.

  12. Barriers to wind power exports from the Maritime provinces to the US northeast

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This presentation discussed a study that evaluated wind energy export potential from the Maritime provinces to the northeastern United States. The study assessed key market issues likely to affect the exports. The study showed that the Maritime provinces are capable of generating 5500 to 7500 MW of wind. The current electricity system is capable of integrating 2100 MW. Wind power integration between the 2 regions would require transmission upgrades, increased transmission capacity, and better coordination between system operators. Barriers to exports from the Maritimes include limited capacity on existing interties and high transmission tariffs. Uniform transmission tariffs are needed throughout the Maritime provinces. Coordination and integration of operators and utilities is needed to reduce the costs of wind power integration. Increased wind power production reduces price risks related to high energy prices. It was concluded that wind power is a cost-effective method of providing renewable and low carbon dioxide (CO2) generation electricity in the northeastern United States. tabs., figs

  13. Survey of aflatoxin M1 in raw milk in the five provinces of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Nan; Wang, Jia-Qi; Han, Rong-Wei; Zhen, Yun-Peng; Xu, Xiao-Min; Sun, Peng

    2013-01-01

    Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) is the only mycotoxin that has a legal limit in milk all over the world. In the present study, 360 raw milk samples were collected from Beijing, Hebei, Shanxi, Shanghai and Guangdong provinces in China in September 2010, and their AFM1 levels were determined by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). More than three-fourths (78.1%) of the 360 raw milk samples contained AFM1 at concentrations of 5-123 ng L?¹. AFM1 contents in all positive samples were far below the Chinese and US legal limit of 500 ng L?¹, but 10% of the raw milk samples exceeded the EU legal limit of 50 ng L?¹. Moreover, both incidence and content of AFM1 in milk collected from the southern provinces, including Shanghai and Guangdong, were higher than those collected from the northern provinces, including Beijing, Hebei and Shanxi. PMID:24779875

  14. Spatiotemporal analysis of indigenous and imported dengue fever cases in Guangdong province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Zhongjie

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dengue fever has been a major public health concern in China since it re-emerged in Guangdong province in 1978. This study aimed to explore spatiotemporal characteristics of dengue fever cases for both indigenous and imported cases during recent years in Guangdong province, so as to identify high-risk areas of the province and thereby help plan resource allocation for dengue interventions. Methods Notifiable cases of dengue fever were collected from all 123 counties of Guangdong province from 2005 to 2010. Descriptive temporal and spatial analysis were conducted, including plotting of seasonal distribution of cases, and creating choropleth maps of cumulative incidence by county. The space-time scan statistic was used to determine space-time clusters of dengue fever cases at the county level, and a geographical information system was used to visualize the location of the clusters. Analysis were stratified by imported and indigenous origin. Results 1658 dengue fever cases were recorded in Guangdong province during the study period, including 94 imported cases and 1564 indigenous cases. Both imported and indigenous cases occurred more frequently in autumn. The areas affected by the indigenous and imported cases presented a geographically expanding trend over the study period. The results showed that the most likely cluster of imported cases (relative risk?=?7.52, p? Conclusions This study demonstrated that the geographic range of imported and indigenous dengue fever cases has expanded over recent years, and cases were significantly clustered in two heavily urbanised areas of Guangdong province. This provides the foundation for further investigation of risk factors and interventions in these high-risk areas.

  15. The development and practices of Strategic Environmental Assessment in Shandong Province, China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA), a newly-developed decision-making support tool, has been used in many developed and developing countries for predicting and evaluating potential environmental impact of policies, plans, and programs (PPPs), as well as for providing alternatives to avoid, mitigate, or compensate for these impacts. Unfortunately, due to the complexity and flexibility of SEA, to date there has been no consensus on a system which could be suitable for the contexts of different regions or countries. Different requirements and practices are observed in the different typical stages of SEA. Controversial areas include the appropriate indicators to apply in the early baseline setting stage, suitable methodologies for the impact assessment, and appropriate procedures for the SEA process. Given this, it is important to review and refine the SEA system specific to the context but informed by internationally agreed norms. As an illustration, this study reviews and proposes steps to refine the SEA system in Shandong Province, an economically powerful province of China, aiming to achieve sustainable development. Supported by the Environmental Impact Assessment Law of the People's Republic of China, Shandong Province employed SEA to reform the traditionally economy-oriented decision-making and incorporate consideration of environmental consequences into government deliberation on proposed PPPs. This paper illustrates the developmental process, procedures, andthe developmental process, procedures, and legal support for SEA in Shandong Province. By analyzing five SEA cases carried out by Shandong Province Environment Protection Bureau (SEPB) and Shandong University, problems in the SEA system were identified, and recommendations were made for improving the SEA system not only in Shandong Province but also other similar regions or countries.

  16. A ten years (2000–2009 surveillance of resistant Enterobacteriaceae in Zhejiang Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rong Zhang

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: In Zhejiang Province, there are several highly developed cities near the coast and several relatively under-developed mountain areas. Analysis of the composition of bacteria isolated from patients as well as their antibiotic resistance profile from various areas of this province, and tracing of such data year-by-year, will help to delineate the bacterial resistance profile of these areas and to understand how the stage of socio-economical development impacts on the composition of clinical micro-flora and their resistance profile. Methods: In order to investigate variation in resistance rates and isolation rates of Enterobacteriaceae, from 2000 to 2009 in Zhejiang Province, China, Enterobacteriaceae isolated from 15 hospitals located in different regions of the province were surveyed. Results: The total numbers of the Enterobacteriaceae isolated increased more than 20-fold from 2000 to 2009. Among the Enterobacteriaceae, Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae were the dominant isolates. The percentage of E. coli and K. pneumoniae that produced detectable extended-spectrum ?-lactamases (ESBLs increased from 2000 to 2007, and then declined slightly in 2008 and 2009. The percentages of K. pneumoniae and E. coli that were resistant to ceftazidime increased sharply from 2000 to 2009. There were remarkable increases in the carbapenem resistant rates during the decade, but they were much higher for the isolates from the developed cities than from the rural areas. In 2002, carbapenem-resistant E. coli was first found in Hangzhou, one of the highly developed cities in Zhejiang Province. By 2009, carbapenem-resistant bacteria were found for all species of Enterobacteriaceae surveyed in almost all areas of the province, although they were more frequently identified in developed areas than in rural areas. Conclusion: Much restrictive actions have to be taken in terms of rational use of antibiotics and nosocomial control to prevent the further spread of the drug-resistant pathogens.

  17. Prevalence of ?-thalassemia trait and abnormal hemoglobins in Sanliurfa Province in southeast Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Incebiyik, Adnan; Genc, Ahmet; Hilali, Nese Gul; Camuzcuoglu, Aysun; Camuzcuoglu, Hakan; Kilic, Avni; Vural, Mehmet

    2014-01-01

    Thalassemia is one of the most common hereditary disorders in Turkey, especially in the Mediterranean region of the country. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of the ?-thalassemia (?-thal) trait and abnormal hemoglobins (Hbs) in couples who applied for premarital screening in Sanliurfa Province, in the southeastern region of Turkey, a province with the first reported incidence of ?-thal and abnormal Hbs. In the present study, in order to detect the prevalence of the ?-thal trait and abnormal Hbs in Sanliurfa Province, Turkey, a total of 37,962 couples who applied for premarital screening were analyzed. From January 2011 through March 2014, red blood cell (RBC) counts and Hb fractionation were carried out by a cell counter and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), respectively. The prevalence of ?-thal with high Hb A2 (>3.5%) values was found at rates of 2.44% (n = 1853) in Sanliurfa Province. Additionally, the abnormal Hb rate was 1.57% (1193/75,924), and Hb S (HBB: c.20T > A), Hb C (HBB: c.19G > A) and Hb D-Punjab (HBB: c.364G > C) were reported as 0.50, 0.38 and 0.69, respectively. This study is the first to establish the frequency of ?-thal and abnormal Hbs in Sanliurfa Province, which has the highest birth frequency. We report that the frequency of the ?-thal trait is at a high-risk level compared to other cities in Turkey. Due to the high risk of ?-thal in Sanliurfa Province, a premarital screening program would be of great value in informing parents about offspring with ?-thal. PMID:25405917

  18. A serological study of Leishmania infantum in dogs of Khorasan Razavi province, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Sabzevari, S.; Razmi, G. R.; Naghibi, A.; Khoshnegah, J.

    2012-01-01

    Leishmania infantum is the principal agent of visceral leishmaniosis (kala-azar) in all areas of Iran. The disease is endemic in Fars, Ardabil, East Azerbaijan and Bushehr provinces while it is sporadic in other parts of the country. Dog as a member of canidae family is the main animal reservoir host of kala-azar. The present study was carried out to determine the sero-prevalence of canine leishmaniosis in Mashhad, the capital city of Khorasan Razavi Province, in the north east of Iran. Two-h...

  19. Mycoflora of freshly harvested flint corn from Northwestern Provinces in Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    González, H H L; Resnik, S L; Pacin, A M

    2002-01-01

    A mycological survey was carried out for the first time, on red flint corn samples from the northwestern Andinian region of Argentina in the 1999 and 2000 harvest seasons. Species of the genus Fusarium were the most prevalent component of the flint corn mycoflora present in all provinces. F. verticillioides was the predominant Fusarium isolated in the 1999 harvest season in the the region, and was found at higher incidence level than those observed on commercial semident corn hybrids harvested in the main corn production area in Argentina (Pampean region). During the 2000 harvest season, Fusarium graminearum was most commonly isolated species in Salta province. PMID:12650597

  20. Upper Permian (Late Changhsingian) marine strata in Nan Province, northern Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontaine, Henri; Hoang, Thi Than; Kavinate, Sathaporn; Suteethorn, Varavudh; Vachard, Daniel

    2013-10-01

    In the Upper Permian of northeastern Thailand (Loei Province), continental plants have been found and to the north in Laos near Luang Prabang, continental vertebrates (Dicynodon species) have been discovered. The Middle Permian is in sharp contrast to this as it is represented only by marine sediments. West of these areas in the province of Nan in Thailand, the Upper Permian is represented by marine sediments which extend to a high level in the Upper Permian and continental beds appear to be entirely absent, at least at Pha Dang Khwai, a locality where limestone extends from the end of the Lower Permian to the Triassic.

  1. Hiring Costs and Temporary Work Agencies. An explication of regional disparities across Spanish provinces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro García-del-Barrio

    Full Text Available The Temporary Work Agencies (TWA industry experienced continuous growth throughout the 90s, and now represents around 15% of temporary hiring in Spain. More interestingly, are markable regional disparity in this sector exists across Spanish provinces. By developing a simple theoretical model and using panel data methodology, this article examines the Spanish caseand suggests that the costs of recruiting, training and screening could explain a large part of the regional disparity. This result is supported by the empirical fact that the TWA firms have greater success in markets with low unemployment rates, where the average duration of unemploymen tis longer, and in provinces with higher concentrations of urban population, respectively.

  2. E-commerce Promote the Development of Low-carbon Economy in Jilin Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yinghua Yu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available As an important part of the Northeast old industrial base, Jilin province has relatively complete industrial categories, So, studying its low-carbon economy development has typical significance. The study analyzes the favorable conditions of low-carbon economy development based on the perspective of energy, describes the economic benefits from low-carbon development which uses e-commerce by the pillar industry of Changchun FAW, Jilin petrochemical, agricultural production, etc. and the major initiatives of low-carbon development in advocated by province government, These all escort for Jilin’s development of low-carbon economy.

  3. [Determination and analysis of trace elements in Lycium barbarum L. from different regions of Qinghai province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Ren-ming; Suo, You-rui; Wang, Hong-lun

    2012-02-01

    For comparison of the quality of Lycium barbarum L., the authors determined 11 trace elements in the fruits of Lycium barbarum L. from 12 different regions of Qinghai province by ICP-MS and ICP-AES. Meanwhile, 7 trace elements essential for human body were selected to the object of principal component analysis by SPSS statistic software. Three principal component equations were obtained, and the regression equation related to principal component was also set up. The research is very important to quality analysis and to obtaining high quality Lycium barbarum L. , and provided science basis for the development and utilization of Lycium barbarum L. in Qinghai province. PMID:22512203

  4. PRELIMINARY GEOID MODEL IN SAN JUAN PROVINCE: A CASE STUDY IN THE ANDES

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tocho, Claudia; Miranda, Silvia

    2008-01-01

    A high-resolution and high-precision detailed gravimetric geoid has been computed for San Juan province in Argentina, ranging from 27 degrees S to 34 degrees S in latitude and 72 degrees W to 65 degrees W in longitude. The gravimetric geoid was calculated using the RTM method, a multiband spherical Stokes Fast Fourier Transformation, and the removerestore technique for the spherical harmonic reference field and the terrain. As an external evaluation, the gravimetric quasigeoid/geoid was compared to the geoid heights obtained from 90 GPS/levelling points available for the province. Finally, a GPS-tailored local geoid, which fits the GPS observations, was computed.

  5. Chrysomya bezziana as a Causative Agent of Human Myiasis in Fars Province, Southern Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Faramarzi

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Myiasis is the invasion of body tissues of humans or animals by the larvae of the Diptera or two-winged flies. The vari­ous forms of myiasis may be classified from clinical or entomological point. This study describes the existence of Chry­somya bezziana (Diptera: Calliphoridae cases as a causative agent of myiasis in 18 and 87 year-old men in two differ­ent regions in Fars Province. To our knowledge, this is the first observation of mentioned species in this prov­ince.  

  6. Ranking of the World's Oil and Gas Provinces by Known Petroleum Volumes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahlbrandt, Thomas S.

    A recent USGS open file report entitled Ranking of the World's Oil and Gas Provinces by Known Petroleum Volumes groups the worlds 937 geologic provinces into eight regions by known petroleum volumes of field. This site succintly describes the ranking methods used and results of the study. Perhaps not surprisingly, the Middle East and North Africa was found to contain nearly twice as many billions of barrels of oil than any other area. The researchers hope that the rankings will "facilitate studies of reserve growth, assessment of undiscovered resources, and analysis of economics and risk".

  7. Assessment of Undiscovered Petroleum Resources of the Laptev Sea Shelf Province, Russian Federation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klett, Timothy R.

    2007-01-01

    The Laptev Sea Shelf Province was assessed for undiscovered crude oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids/condensates resources (collectively referred to as petroleum) as part of the U.S. Geological Survey's Circum-Arctic Oil and Gas Resource Appraisal. Using a geology-based methodology, the USGS estimates the mean undiscovered, conventional petroleum resources in the province to be approximately 9,300 million barrels of oil equivalent, including approximately 3,069 million barrels of crude oil, 32,252 billion cubic feet of natural gas, and 861 million barrels of natural gas liquids.

  8. Epidemiology and clinicopathology of breast cancer in metro Manila and Rizal Province, Philippines.

    OpenAIRE

    Pisani, Paola

    2009-01-01

    The breast cancer incidence in the Philippines is among the highest in Asia. Age-standardized incidence rates (ASR) in Metro Manila and Rizal Province derived from the Philippine Cancer Society-Manila Cancer Registry and the Department of Health-Rizal Cancer Registry showed increase from 1980 to 2002, and were significantly higher in 7 cities in Metro Manila and significantly lower in 14 cities/municipalities mostly in Rizal Province. The AJCC Clinical Stage did not change from 1993 to 2002 a...

  9. GEOPHYTES OF SULDUZ REGION, WEST AZERBAYJAN PROVINCE, IRAN AND THEIR CHARACTERISTICS

    OpenAIRE

    Amir Rahimi; Ne?et Arslan; Mehrab Aghaalinejad

    2012-01-01

    Iran is very rich in terms of plant diversity. Sulduz region (36:57º E, 45:22 ºN), West Azerbaijan Province, Iran; occupies an area of over 1050 km², which is more than 2.5 percent of the total area of West Azerbaijan province. The altitude of region is between 1000–2100 m. The systematic study of flora especially in virgin regions has its own special challenges and excitement. Commercial collection and trade represents principle threat to individual species. The present research is conc...

  10. Mammalia, Didelphimorphia and Rodentia, Southwest of the province of Mendoza, Argentina.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sauthier, D. U.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available We documented terrestrial micromammal assemblages at five localities of southwestern Mendoza province,Argentina. We added new localities for several of the most uncommon small mammal species of this region (e.g.Loxodontomys micropus and Tympanoctomys barrerae. Two main groups of terrestrial non-volant micromammals arerepresented in southwestern province of Mendoza: one group is related to the South American arid diagonal, andincludes species typically adapted to the xeric environments of the Monte Desert; a second group includes Patagonianand High Andean species. Some Patagonian species reached in the study area their northernmost distributional records(e.g. Abrothrix longipilis, A. olivaceus, Chelemys macronyx, Loxodontomys micropus.

  11. Les infrastructures et équipements locaux dans la province de Saragosse (1985-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Tricas Lamana

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Cet article est consacré à l'évolution d'un ensemble d'infrastructures dans les communes de la province de Saragosse (Espagne entre 1985 et 2010. On y présente aussi un appareillage cartographique qui mobilise les indicateurs territoriaux issus de l'Enquête sur les infrastructures et équipements locaux (EIEL, et qui constitue une aide à la décision technique et politique visant à une distribution équitable des fonds publics et à une hiérarchisation des besoins des municipalités de la province.

  12. Integrating decision support tools and environmental information systems: a case study on the Province of Milan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper demonstrates an application of advanced decision support tools within the framework of the environmental information system of the Province of Milan. These tools include environmental simulation models, multi criteria analysis, risk analysis and environmental accounting for marketable emission permits. After describing the general structure of the system, three demonstrational case studies are introduced concerning: groundwater pollution management; atmospheric pollution management; urban environmental quality perception and management. In the conclusion, potential use of tools like the ones implemented by the province of Milan within the framework of Local Agenda 21 processes is recalled

  13. Phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) of the province of Chaco, Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Juan R, Rosa; Oscar D, Salomon; José D, Andrade Filho; Gustavo M L, Carvalho; Enrique A, Szelag; Marina, Stein; Eliana S, Tapia; Reginaldo P, Brazil.

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The phlebotomine sandflies of the province of Chaco, Argentina, are poorly known, with reports from more than 40 years or captures related with outbreaks of leishmaniasis. In here, Mycropygomyia peresi (Mangabeira) is reported for the first time in Argentina, extending the known dstribution of Migon [...] emyia migonei (França), Evandromyia sallesi (Galvão & Coutinho), Mycropygomyia quinquefer (Dyar), Brumptomyia brumpti (Larousse) y Nemapalpus spp to the province of Chaco. Mg. migonei, together with Nyssomyia neivai (Pinto), Evandromyia cortelezzii (Brèthes), and Psathyromyia shannoni (Dyar) also captured in Chaco, were incriminated as vectors of Leishmania in Argentina.

  14. Distribution of the Lathyrus L. 1753 (Fabales, Fabaceae species in the Vojvodina Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boža Pal P.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Most of the Lathyrus species of the Vojvodina Province arc cultivated for fodder. They are protein-containing herbs which easily recover after grazing. Some perennial species survive in grassland communities for ten years or more. Certain species are important melliferous plants. In the Vojvodina Province, they inhabit different habitats like forests and grasslands, dry and wet sites, thus showing a wide distribution range. Besides their floristic and vegetation aspects, their role as green and dry fodder crops should be emphasized.

  15. Research on the Coordination of Social Security and Economic Development in Hubei Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rong, Cao

    It is well known that maintaining stable coordination of social security and economic development is absolutely necessary for Hubei province, so how to analyze the coordination becomes an important content in Hubei economic development. In this paper, using factor analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis, the author try to evaluate the regional level of social security and economic develop in Hubei province. The results indicate that Hubei need to take measures to promote social security level and balanced development. At the end of this article, some economic suggestions are given to deal with uncoordinated problem.

  16. The Economics of Smallholder Dairy Goat Production in Mafefe Community of Limpopo Province, South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Mosoma, M. V.; Belete, A.; Senyolo, G. M.; Masuku, M. B.

    2012-01-01

    This study presents cost-return analysis of the leasing system of smallholder dairy goat production in the Mafefe area of Limpopo Province in South Africa. The study was carried out to analyze the economic viability and sustainability of leasing system to the development of dairy goat’s keepers in Mafefe ward of Limpopo Province. The study used the NPV and BCR analysis to assess the economic impact of the proposed technology. The primary data used for the analysis were obtained during a 200...

  17. New palaeomagnetic data from the Mahabaleshwar Plateau, Deccan Flood Basalt Province, India: implications for the volcanostratigraphic architecture of continental flood basalt provinces

    OpenAIRE

    Jay, Ae; Mac Niocaill, C.; Widdowson, M.; Self, S.; Turner, W.

    2009-01-01

    New magnetostratigraphic data from seven Western Ghats sections in the Deccan Volcanic Province are presented. These are combined with an established geochemically defined stratigraphy, and volcanological logs, to provide a correlated, chronological eruptive framework. We identify two magnetic polarities in five of the sections, and these are assigned to chrons 29r and 29n. Importantly, the reversal boundary represents an identifiable isochronous surface within the volcanic pile. This surface...

  18. [Flavivirus seroepidemiology in blood donors in Mersin province, Turkey].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tezcan, Seda; K?z?ldamar, Serpil; Ulger, Mahmut; Aslan, Gönül; Tiftik, Naci; Ozkul, Aykut; Emekda?, Gürol; Niedrig, Matthias; Ergünay, Koray

    2014-10-01

    Among the vector-borne flaviviruses, West Nile virus (WNV), tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) and Dengue virus (DENV) constitute the most frequently-observed pathogens with significant public health impact in endemic regions throughout the globe. This seroepidemiological study was undertaken to investigate human exposure to DENV, WNV and TBEV, as well as other flaviviruses via various serological assays in the Mediterranean province of Mersin, Turkey, where scarce data is currently present for the circulation of these agent. A total of 920 sera were collected after informed consent from asymptomatic blood donors (all were male; age range: 18-63 yrs, mean age: 35.17 ± 9.56 yrs) were taken between August 2010 and April 2011. All samples were initially screened via a commercial ELISA kit for DENV IgM and IgG. Reactive samples were further evaluated via commercial indirect immunofluorescence tests (IIFTs) for yellow fever virus (YFV) IgG, TBEV IgG and via ELISA for WNV IgG. Moreover, presence of neutralizing antibodies were investigated in all reactive samples via plaque reduction neutralization (PRNT) assay for WNV, whose activity has been detected previously in the region. Samples interpreted as positive for TBEV IgG were further evaluated for specificity by TBEV PRNT assay. DENV IgM reactive samples were also assessed for NS1 antigens and IgM/IgG antibodies via a commercial immunochromatographic assay (ICA). DENV IgM and IgG antibodies were detected in 0.9% (8/920) and 16.6% (153/920) of the samples, respectively. One sample was simultaneously positive for IgM and IgG. WNV PRNT revealed positive results in 85.6% (137/160) of the reactive samples, which indicated frequent WNV exposure and frequent development of cross-reactions in the screening assay. Positive or borderline DENV IgM reactivity was identified in 0.43% (4/920) of the samples, which remained negative for NS1 antigen and antibodies in the ICA. Antibody specificity in two samples, positive for DENV and TBEV IgG in IIFT could not be confirmed by TBEV PRNT. A total of 19 reactive samples (19/920, 2.1%), that comprise seven borderline and six positive DENV IgG positivities as well as six samples with IgG positivity for different virus combinations remained negative after DENV confirmatory and WNV/TBEV PRNT assays. When the samples with borderline results were omitted from the evaluation, 12 samples (12/920, 1.3%) were considered to represent exposure to DENV or an antigenically-similar flavivirus. These findings indicated the activity of and frequent exposure (137/920, 14.9%) to WNV, as previously suggested in the study region. In 1.3% of the samples, probable exposure to DENV or other flaviviruses was revealed and this requires further serosurveillance efforts. WNV must be considered in the etiology of febrile diseases or viral neuroinvasive infections of unexplained etiology in the study area. PMID:25492656

  19. Basaltic Volcanism of the Snake River Volcanic Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shervais, J. W.; Hanan, B. B.; Vetter, S.

    2012-12-01

    The Yellowstone-Snake River Plain (YSRP) volcanic province is the world's best modern example of a time-transgressive hotspot track beneath continental crust. Tomographic images document a thermal anomaly which pierces the Farallon plate at depth and appears to extend to depths of over 1000 km. Many investigators attribute this anomaly to a deep mantle plume, while others recognize the sheet-like aspect of the velocity anomaly and attribute it to lower mantle flow around a fragmented remnant of the Farallon plate. Tholeiitic basalts of the SRP have major element compositions similar to ocean island basalts (OIB), with higher FeO, TiO2, P2O5 and K2O than mid-ocean ridge basalts over a similar range in MgO. Their trace element concentrations also mimic OIB tholeiites, with moderately enriched LREE/HREE ratios, OIB-like HFSE ratios and Nb-Y-Zr systematics. Most SRP basalts show little evidence of crustal assimilation: oxygen isotope compositions are mantle-like, K2O is low and does not increase relative to other incompatible elements during fractionation (e.g., P2O5), and silica contents are consistently low. In contrast, evidence suggests that these basalts evolve primarily through fractional crystallization in relatively shallow magma chambers with episodic magma recharge. Trace element concentration patterns are nearly identical to OIB tholeiites, with somewhat lower slopes on multi-element variations diagrams, consistent with 7-12% partial melting of spinel-facies peridotite (9-18 kb, 40-65 km) with a composition similar to the source of OIB or EMORB. Models show that depleted MORB asthenosphere or primitive mantle peridotite composition sources cannot yield SRP tholeiites, even with residual garnet in the source region to raise LREE/HREE ratios in the melt. There is no indication of residual garnet in the source - which requires that either the lithosphere was relatively thin during formation of the SRP, or that the melts originated within the lithosphere itself. The limited range of major and trace element composition, mantle ?18O signatures, and lack of any correlation between isotope ratios and major and trace element abundances indicate minimal crustal interaction. Major element, trace element, and He isotope systematics of the basaltic rocks are consistent with a deep, sublithospheric mantle source, similar to the source of ocean island basalts. This conclusions are supported by results from deep (~2 km) core holes recently drilled by Project Hotspot. In contrast, the radiogenic Pb isotopes in these basalts are indistinguishable from melts derived from the ancient Wyoming cratonic lithosphere that underlies the SRP, while Sr and Nd isotope ratios are intermediate between depleted mantle and continental crust or lithospheric mantle values. This conundrum has been a major problem for plume models presented in the past. Isotopic studies of surface and subsurface basalt flows show systematic variations in Sr-Nd-Pb isotopes with distance from Yellowstone that are interpreted to reflect changes in the proportion of plume source and the underlying heterogeneous cratonic lithosphere, which varies in age, composition, and thickness from west to east. Sr-Nd-Pb isotopes suggest <5% lithospheric input into a system dominated by plume-derived basalts similar in composition to Hawaiian basalts.

  20. Multirisk analysis along the Road 7, Mendoza Province, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wick, Emmanuel; Baumann, Valérie; Michoud, Clément; Derron, Marc-Henri; Jaboyedoff, Michel; Rune Lauknes, Tom; Marengo, Hugo; Rosas, Mario

    2010-05-01

    The National Road 7 crosses Argentina from East to West, linking Buenos Aires to the Chile border. This road is an extremely important corridor crossing the Andes Cordillera, but it is exposed to numerous natural hazards, such as rockfalls, debris flows and snow avalanches. The study area is located in the Mendoza Province, between Potrerillos and Las Cuevas in the Chilean border. This study has for main goals to achieve a regional mapping of geohazards susceptibility along the Road 7 corridor using modern remote sensing and numerical modelling techniques completed by field investigations. The main topics are: - Detection and monitoring of deep-seated gravitational slope deformations by time-series satellite radar interferometry (InSAR) methods. The area of interest is mountainous with almost no vegetation permitting an optimized InSAR processing. Our results are based on applying the small-baseline subset (SBAS) method to a time-series of Envisat ASAR images. - Rockfalls susceptibility mapping is realized using statistical analysis of the slope angle distribution, including external knowledge on the geology and land cover, to detect the potential source areas (quantitative DEM analysis). The run-outs are assessed with numerical methods based on the shallow angle method with Conefall. A second propagation is performed using the alpha-beta methodology (3D numerical modelling) with RAS and is compared to the first one. - Debris flow susceptibility mapping is realized using DF-IGAR to detect starting and spreading areas. Slope, flow accumulations, contributive surfaces, plan curvature, geological and land use dataset are used. The spreading is simulated by a multiple flow algorithm (rules the path that the debris flow will follow) coupled to a run-out distance calculation (energy-based). - Snow avalanches susceptibility mapping is realized using DF-IGAR to map sources areas and propagations. To detect the sources areas, slope, altitude, land-use and minimum surfaces are needed. DF-IGAR simulates the spreading by means of the "Perla" methodology. Furthermore, RAS performs the spreading based on the "alpha-beta" method. All these methods are based on Aster and SRTM DEM (grid 30 m) and observations of both optical and radar satellite imagery (Aster, Quickbird, Worldview, Ikonos, Envisat ASAR) and aerial photographs. Several field campaigns are performed to calibrate the regional models with adapted parameters. Susceptibility maps of the entire area for rockfalls, debris flows and snow avalanches at a scale of 1:100'000 are created. Those maps and the field investigations are cross-checked to identify and prioritize hotspots. It appears that numerous road sectors are subject to highly active phenomena. Some mitigation works already exist but they are often under-dimensioned, inadequate or neglected. Recommendations for priority and realistic mitigation measures along the endangered road sectors identified are proposed.

  1. Folic Acid Consumption in Fars Province, Southern Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SJ Massumi

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available

    Background: Spina bifida and anencephaly are among serious and fatal anomalies in infants that may lead to a 50-70% of reduction in incidence when folic acid is consumed before conception.

    Methods: In a cross sectional study, 2997 pregnant women were evaluated to determine the level of their knowledge and practice about using folic acid in Fars Province, southern Iran.

    Results: Eighty percent of pregnant women were familiar with the name of folic acid, 44.7% had the knowledge of its importance during pregnancy, 31.2% and 8% had the knowledge about its effect in reduction of fatal and neurotic anomalies in fetuses, respectively. 86.6% consumed folic acid and 11% used it before awareness of their pregnancy.

    Conclusion: Regarding the importance of the starting time of folic acid consumption in prevention of neural tube defects, the women should be trained in relation to starting of its consumption before conception.

  2. Factors Influencing Performance among Primary and Secondary School Pupils in Western Province of Kenya: A Policy Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eshiwani, George S.

    Analyses of the examination results for the Certificate of Primary Education, the Kenya Certificate of Education, and the Kenya Advanced Certificate of Education showed that academic achievement at the primary and secondary levels in the Western Province of Kenya is very poor, compared to the other provinces. To determine the school factors that…

  3. Caractéristiques d'une population de salmonidés (Salmo salar et Salmo trutta remontant sur un affluent de l'Elorn (rivière de Bretagne nord pendant la periode de reproduction 1979-1980

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PROUZET P.

    1981-10-01

    Full Text Available L'installation d'une trappe de comptage sur le Saint-Jean, affluent du cours inférieur de l'Elorn, a permis de définir les principales caractéristiques des populations de truites et de tacons remontant sur ce ruisseau durant la période de reproduction, (novembre-janvier. Les principaux résultats obtenus semblent indiquer que durant la période de piégeage (début novembre à fin décembre les truites migrent de manière quasiment continue surtout durant le mois de décembre. Leur croissance est rapide (L. Totale à 3 ans : 26,8 cm. Les mâles peuvent maturer plus précocement que les femelles et le rapport des sexes n'est pas significativement différent de 1/1. On observe, d'autre part, sur une partie de la population, des lésions caractéristiques du « Syndrome mycosique », syndrome qui peut affecter très fortement la survie des géniteurs. En ce qui concerne les tacons de saumon atlantique, on note une montée discontinue de tacons de 2 ou 3 années. La présence, dans la population migrante de saumons marqués dans ce même affluent lors d'un inventaire précédent semble indiquer dès ce stade une reconnaissance du milieu de production initiale.

  4. Provincial nuclear regulatory authority?: The case of the province of Cordoba

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The evolution of social and political events in the province of Cordoba after the Law 8157 of 1992, that establishes the provincial nuclear policy, are analysed as well as the recent sanction and veto of the Law 8775, which creates the provincial Nuclear Regulatory Authority. The authors conclude that is necessary and convenient to enforce provincial nuclear regulations and controls

  5. Survey of the livestock ticks of the North West province, South Africa

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Arthur M., Spickett; Ingard H., Heyne; Roy, Williams.

    Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Ticks, as vectors of disease and damage agents, impact directly and indirectly on the economy of the livestock industry in southern Africa. This study surveyed the occurrence and distribution of ticks infesting livestock across the North West province, South Africa. During three phases in consecutiv [...] e years, officers of the provincial Veterinary Department collected specimens monthly from livestock hosts at specified sites across the province. Data analysis constituted the fourth phase of the study. A total of 1090 collections from 265 sites yielded 42 566 tick specimens, comprising 22 different tick species (18 ixodids, 4 argasids). The specimens represent all of the major tick vectors of disease that occur in South Africa. The major tick-borne diseases (i.e. heartwater, both African and Asiatic bovine babesiosis and anaplasmosis) were found to be prevalent mainly in the north-eastern region of the province, which also displayed the highest tick species diversity. The central region appears transitory to some of the major vectors. Although some tick species were contained within specific regions, others were widespread across the province. Associated serology data show that most herds sampled in areas endemic for babesiosis and anaplasmosis in the north-eastern region are endemically unstable and at risk to these tick-borne diseases should vector control measures become ineffective.

  6. Chapter 18: Geology and petroleum potential of the Timan-Pechora Basin Province, Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schenk, C.J.

    2011-01-01

    The Timan-Pechora Basin Province represents the northeastern-most cratonic block of Eastern European Russia. More than 16 billion barrels of oil (BBO) and 40 trillion cubic feet of gas (TCFG) have been discovered in this basin. Three geological assessment units (AU) were defined for assessing the potential for undiscovered oil and gas resources. The NW Izhma Depression AU encompasses all potential structures and reservoirs in the northwestern part of the Izhma-Pechora Depression, but this part of the basin contains little source and reservoir rocks and so was not assessed quantitatively. The Main Basin Platform AU includes all structures and reservoirs that developed in the central part of the basin where the tectonic evolution and development of petroleum systems were complex. The Foredeep Basins AU includes all potential reservoirs within the thick sedimentary section of the foredeep basins developed during the Permo-Triassic Uralian Orogeny. For the Timan-Pechora Basin Province, the estimated means of undiscovered resources are 3.3 BBO, 17 TCFG and 0.3 billion barrels of natural gas liquids (BBNGL). For the areas of the AUs north of the Arctic Circle in the Timan- Pechora Basin Province, the estimated means of undiscovered resources are 1.7 BBO, 9.0 TCFG and 0.2 BBNGL. The Pechora Sea was assessed with the South Barents Sea Province and is not included in this assessment. ?? 2011 The Geological Society of London.

  7. Blood parasites of five species of lizards trapped in Abha Province, Saudi Arabia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    al Sadoon, M K; el Bahrawy, A F

    1998-12-01

    Five species of lizards, Agama yemenensis, A. adramitana, Chamaeleo chamaeleon, C. calyptratus and Acanthodactylus baskinaus were trapped alive from Abha Province. Serological and parasitological examinations of blood revealed antibodies against toxoplasmosis and leishmaniasis. Blood films showed Hepatozoon spp. The results were discussed with reference to their role as reservoir hosts. PMID:9914710

  8. ?????????????????????????? Flood, Drought and Typhoon Disasters over the Last Half-Century in Guangdong Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ???

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????1 ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????2 ???????????????????????????????????????????????????90???????????90????????????????????????????????????????3 ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????In this paper, we present the changing properties of social-economic losses caused by floods, droughts, and typhoon disasters in the Guangdongprovince, an economically prosperous province in theSouth China. Influences of typhoon activities on droughts and floods are also analyzed. Results based on extensive and thorough investigations indicate that: 1 Guangdong province is generally humid and warm; however, in recent decades, the negative impacts of droughts seem to be enhancing, which is proved by increasing drought-induced economic losses. In this connection, considerable importance should be attached to droughts, not solely to floods, in Guangdong; 2 Low-lying terrain of the province makes this region easy to be influenced by flood inundation. Moreover, highly urbanized areas are mostly located in the low-lying areas. Flood-induced loss was increasing before the 1990s and is decreasing after 1990s, and this should be attributed mainly to seasonal shifts of precipitation changes and enhancing human mitigation to flood disasters; 3 Typhoon activities often inflict considerable losses on the economy of Guangdong province. Moreover, flood events in the study region are mostly the results of typhoon activities. Massive floods, strong wind and storm surge accompanying typhoon activities are the major factors intensifying the negative impacts of the typhoon disasters.

  9. Geological feature and prospecting indicator of Yinkengshan U-Mo occurrence, Anyuan county, Jiangxi province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yinkengshan U-Mo (paragenetic) occurrence was newly found in Southern Jiangxi Province. The uranium metallogenesis is controlled by acidic volcanic lava and magmatism as well as tectonism. It has high average grade of molybdenum and comprehensive utilization value of uranium, with high economic value. Recent prospecting shows the same type occurrences exist nearby, indicating good perspective. (authors)

  10. A Survey on Conflict Resolution Mechanisms in Public Secondary Schools: A Case of Nairobi Province, Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramani, Ken; Zhimin, Liu

    2010-01-01

    The broad objective of the study was to determine various mechanisms applied in resolving conflicts within public secondary schools in Nairobi province. This study used descriptive and exploratory research design. A sample comprising of principals, representatives of Boards of Governors (BoG's), class teachers, students and education officers was…

  11. An evaluation of criteria for defining tectonic, seismic, or seismotectonic provinces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A compilation and generic critique of the diagnostic siting criteria now in use throughout the world to delineate or approximate bounded tectonic, seismic, or seismotectonic provinces or zones, are presented. The criteria are referenced and tabulated to facilitate determination of their regulatory, scientific and practical application to siting of important engineered structures in Canada

  12. "Go West Young Man!" Youth Apprenticeship and Opportunity Structures in Two Canadian Provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehmann, Wolfgang; Taylor, Alison; Hamm, Zane

    2015-01-01

    Most Canadian provinces offer high-school apprenticeships to facilitate students' transitions to skilled work and address employers' concerns about labour shortages. Using interview data with graduates from high-school apprenticeships in Alberta and Ontario, we analyse the impact participation in these programmes has had on their…

  13. Animalization of Industrial Structure Transformation on Economic Growth in Liaoning’s Province

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Ling; Zhong, Junsheng; Ma, Yugang

    2012-01-01

    Industrial structure and economic growth are independent. Based on the new statistical figures of Liaoning, this paper analyzes the contribution of industrial structure to economic growth of Liaoning Province with econometrics method. Then put forward some suggestions.

    Key words: Industrial structure; Theory of grey system; Economic growth

  14. Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the North Sakhalin Basin Province, Russia, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klett, T.R.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Wandrey, Craig J.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Pitman, Janet K.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Cook, Troy A.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.

    2011-01-01

    Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated volumes of undiscovered, technically recoverable, conventional petroleum resources for the North Sakhalin Basin Province of Russia. The mean volumes were estimated at 5.3 billion barrels of crude oil, 43.8 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 0.8 billion barrels of natural gas liquids.

  15. Mortality from Malignant Tumors in Cienfuegos Province from 2004 to 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noemí Domitila Bergantiño Collazo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: cancer is currently one of the leading causes of death worldwide; an estimated 84 million people will die from this disease before 2015. Objective: to characterize mortality from malignant tumors in the province of Cienfuegos. Methods: a retrospective descriptive study of mortality from malignant tumors in the province of Cienfuegos from 2004 to 2013 was conducted. The variables analyzed were: age, sex, location of tumors, mortality rates and years of potential life lost. Results: twenty four point eight percent of the deaths during the period studied was from malignancies; the higher number of deaths was observed in males and patients aged 70 years and over; the most common tumor location for both sexes was the trachea, bronchial tubes and lungs, prostate in males and breasts in females; 68.8 % of the deaths occurred at home; 83.7 % of the patients did not undergo necropsy; the highest rate of years of potential life lost occurred in 2007 (8.3 years of life per 1000 inhabitants followed by the year 2005 (rate of 8.2; the highest crude death rate occurred in 2013, followed by 2012, the lowest rate was in 2004. Rates showed an upward trend; Cumanayagua municipality had the higher mortality from malignancies in the province. Conclusions: the mortality rate from malignant tumors increases in the province of Cienfuegos.

  16. Tourism, Transnationality and Ethnolinguistic Vitality: The Welsh in the Chubut Province, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Ian

    2010-01-01

    This article aims to develop the concept of ethnolinguistic vitality by adopting a qualitative approach to vitality rather than the statistical approach traditionally used. Ten small-size focus group style interviews were held with members of the Welsh-Argentinean community in the Chubut Province in the south of Argentina in order to explore…

  17. Variations of annual and seasonal runoff in Guangdong Province, south China: spatiotemporal patterns and possible causes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Qiang; Xiao, Mingzhong; Singh, Vijay P.; Xu, Chong-Yu; Li, Jianfeng

    2014-12-01

    In this study, we thoroughly analyzed spatial and temporal distributions of runoff and their relation with precipitation changes based on monthly runoff dataset at 25 hydrological stations and monthly precipitation at 127 stations in Guangdong Province, south China. Trends of the runoff and precipitation are detected using Mann-Kendall trend test technique. Correlations between runoff and precipitation are tested using Spearman's and Pearson's correlation coefficients. The results indicate that: (1) annual maximum monthly runoff is mainly in decreasing tendency and significant increasing annual minimum monthly runoff is observed in the northern and eastern Guangdong Province. In addition, annual mean runoff is observed to be increasing at the stations located in the West and North Rivers and the coastal region; (2) analysis of seasonal runoff variations indicates increasing runoff in spring, autumn and winter. Wherein, significant increase of runoff is found at 8 stations and only 3 stations are dominated by decreasing runoff in winter; (3) runoff changes of the Guangdong Province are mainly the results of precipitation changes. The Guangdong Province is wetter in winter, spring and autumn. Summer is coming to be drier as reflected by decreasing runoff in the season; (4) both precipitation change and water reservoirs also play important roles in the increasing of annual minimum monthly streamflow. Seasonal shifts of runoff variations may pose new challenges for the water resources management under the influences of climate changes and intensifying human activities.

  18. Prevalence and Molecular Identification of Mediterranean Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency in Khuzestan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SR Kazemi Nezhad

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD deficiency is the most frequent genetic enzymatic disorder in hu­man, which is inherited as an X-linked gene. It encodes a housekeeping enzyme, which is vital for cell survival. Accord­ing to previous investigations, Mediterranean mutation (C563T of g6pd gene is the most prevalent mutation in some prov­inces of Iran and neighboring countries. We aimed to study the Mediterranean mutation of g6pd gene in Khuzestan province of Iran."nMethods: A total of 1064 randomly selected male blood samples were selected in Ahvaz, Khuzestan Province, in 2008 and screened for G6PD deficiency using fluorescent spot test method. In order to determine the frequency of G6PD Mediterra­nean variant, 144 G6PD deficient samples were analyzed by PCR-RFLP method."nResults: Eighty-one out of 1064 random selected screened samples were G6PD deficient, so a 7.6% frequency was obtained for G6PD deficiency. In addition, 105 out of 144 collected deficient samples had Mediterranean mutation that resulted in a 72.91% allel frequency."nConclusion: Corresponding to other investigations in Middle East countries and some provinces of Iran, we found that the Mediter­ranean mutation of g6pd gene was the most prevalent variant and G6PD deficiency occurred in a high frequency.

  19. Assessment of undiscovered conventional and continuous oil and gas resources of the Baltic Depression Province, 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brownfield, Michael E.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Klett, Timothy R.; Pitman, Janet K.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Gaswirth, Stephanie B.; Mercier, Tracey J.; Le, Phuong A.; Leathers, Heidi M.

    2015-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey estimated mean volumes of undiscovered, technically recoverable resources of 282 million barrels of conventional oil, 576 billion cubic feet of conventional gas, 1.3 billion barrels of continuous oil, and 4.6 trillion cubic feet of shale gas in the Baltic Depression Province.

  20. Anti-Smoking Practice in Hospitals: An Intercept Survey among Patients in Hubei Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Dunjin; Yan, Yaqiong; Yu, Huihong; Xia, Qinghua; Yang, Niannian; Zhang, Zhifeng; Zhu, Zhaoyang; Li, Fang; Gong, Jie

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This study aims to examine whether, in the opinion of patients selected in 13 hospitals of Hubei province, China, hospitals are smoke free. Patients were also asked whether their physicians had inquired about their smoking status. Design/methodology/approach: Patients were recruited through an intercept method (i.e. stopped by the…

  1. Becoming "Neuquino" in Mapuzugun: Teaching Mapuche Language and Culture in the Province of Neuquen, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szulc, Andrea

    2009-01-01

    This article explores the sense of belonging promoted by the current program of Educacion Intercultural Bilingue (EIB) of the province of Neuquen for Mapuche children, examining the design and implementation of this program. The analysis reveals how this program reinforces a hegemonic definition of Mapuche identity, which relegates Mapuche culture…

  2. Prevalence of viral hepatitis B in children from the Luricocha District at the Huanta Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the prevalence of the HBsAg, anti-HBs, anti-HBc, HBeAg and anti-HBe to estimate virus infection of the hepatitis B in children from twelve communities from the Luricocha district in the Huanta province, Ayacucho

  3. Neotectonics of the San Andreas Fault system, basin and range province juncture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estes, J. E.; Crowell, J. C.

    1982-01-01

    The development, active processes, and tectonic interplay of the southern San Andreas fault system and the basin and range province were studied. The study consist of data acquisition and evaluation, technique development, and image interpretation and mapping. Potentially significant geologic findings are discussed.

  4. Analysis of Regional Economic Disparities in Guizhou Province Based on ESDA-GIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haili Wang

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Take the county as the research scale and the per capita GDP as the measure index as well to reveal the difference of Guizhou Province’s regional economy which based on ESDA and GeoDA-GIS. It shows that the level of economic develop of Guizhou’s central area is high and surrounded area is low. The difference between North and south is greater than the difference between East and West. There is a clear spatial correlation among them. Moran scatter diagram shows that the majority of counties are located in the first and third quadrants, which accounted for 73.86% of the total number of the county. The number of “L-L” type is more than the number of “H-H” type 37 counties. Most parts of the provinces are relatively poor. Finding the “H-H” area and “L-L” area and “L-H” area and “H-L” area of economic development level of county based on the spatial correlation model. That can provide scientific basis for the future economic construction and social development of Guizhou province.

  5. Bank’s Distribution of Sichuan Province in the Republic of China (1912-1949

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuai YANG

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available During the Republic of China, Sichuan Province was a critical period for banks to develop, not only in terms of quantity, but also in the regional distribution, fundamental change had occurred than before. This paper firstly generalized the bank’s distribution pattern, then analyzed the bank’s evolution causes and at last did a brief summary.

  6. Kaersutite megacrysts of alkali basalts from Sierra de Fiambala, province of Catamarca, Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kaersutite megacrysts of alkali basalts from Sierra de Fiambala, province of Catamarca, Argentina, were characterized by a variety of analytical methods that include microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and conventional scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive facilities (EDX). Probably they come from the deeper walls and floor of the magmatic chamber. (author)

  7. Hydrogeological and geophysics study of Conaprole industrial plant Tarariras Colonia province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To application of the National Cooperative of Producers of Milk (CONAPROLE), it proceeded to a hydro geologic and geophysical studies for the industrial plant of that Cooperative, located in Tarariras city (Colonia province) where it was determined the technical feasibility of exploration and exploitation of groundwater in one or more waterdrills to be executed in the proximities of the industrial plant .

  8. Family clusters of avian influenza A H7N9 virus infection in Guangdong Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, Lina; Guan, Dawei; Kang, Min; Wu, Jie; Zeng, Xianqiao; Lu, Jing; Rutherford, Shannon; Zou, Lirong; Liang, Lijun; Ni, Hanzhong; Zhang, Xin; Zhong, Haojie; He, Jianfeng; Lin, Jinyan; Ke, Changwen

    2015-01-01

    Since its first identification, the epizootic avian influenza A H7N9 virus has continued to cause infections in China. Two waves were observed during this outbreak. No cases were reported from Guangdong Province during the first wave, but this province became one of the prime outbreak sites during the second wave. In order to identify the transmission potential of this continuously evolving infectious virus, our research group monitored all clusters of H7N9 infections during the second wave of the epidemic in Guangdong Province. Epidemiological, clinical, and virological data on these patients were collected and analyzed. Three family clusters including six cases of H7N9 infection were recorded. The virus caused severe disease in two adult patients but only mild symptoms for all four pediatric patients. All patients reported direct poultry or poultry market exposure history. Relevant environment samples collected according to their reported exposures tested H7N9 positive. Virus isolates from patients in the same cluster shared high sequence similarities. In conclusion, although continually evolving, the currently circulating H7N9 viruses in Guangdong Province have not yet demonstrated the capacity for efficient and sustained person-to-person transmission. PMID:25339399

  9. Perceptions of and Attitudes towards Regional Varieties of Polish: Views from Two Polish Provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milobog, Magdalena; Garrett, Peter

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports a study of perceptions and attitudes relating to regional varieties of Polish. The methodology followed folk linguistic approaches to attitudes research. Respondents in two Polish provinces were asked to draw on a map of Poland where they thought the main regional varieties of Polish were spoken, and then to name and…

  10. Social Security Statistics Canada and Provinces 1970-71 to 1994-95

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Minister of Human Resources Development Canada has recently placed this report online. Organized by Province, the report contains annual data on expenditures and beneficiaries for a comprehensive set of income security and social services programs, over the 25-year period 1970-71 to 1994-95. Health and education expenditures are also included for computation of total social security expenditures.

  11. The primary discuss with migmatite uranium mineralization of 505 uranium points in Datian, Panzhihua, Sichuan province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Presinian migmatitic complexes of Kangding Group distributed along 505 area of Datian, Panzhihua, Sichuan Province. Describing the geological features on 505 Uranium points, summarizing and analyzing the genesis of the migmatite complexes, overall structure, hydrothermal alteration, ore characteristics. It comes to a conclusion that the mineral type is migmatite uranium mineralization which is controlled by the migmatization and east-west structure. (authors)

  12. Clinical Malaria along the China–Myanmar Border, Yunnan Province, China, January 2011–August 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Zhou, Guofa; Sun, Ling; Xia, Rongji; Duan, Yizhong; Xu, Jianwei; Yang, Henglin; Wang, Ying; Lee, Ming-chieh; Xiang, Zheng; Yan, Guiyun; Cui, Liwang; Yang, Zhaoqing

    2014-01-01

    Passive surveillance for malaria cases was conducted in Yunnan Province, China, along the China–Myanmar border. Infection with Plasmodium vivax and P. falciparum protozoa accounted for 69% and 28% of the cases, respectively. Most patients were adult men. Cross-border travel into Myanmar was a key risk factor for P. falciparum malaria in China.

  13. Coal mining in the Canadian province of Alberta. Der Kohlenbergbau in der kanadischen Provinz Alberta

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Janecke, K.; Clasen, J.H.

    1989-10-01

    The article describes the coal deposits and coal reserves in the Mountain, Foothill, and Plains regions of the Canadian province of Alberta. Subsequently, open pits typical of Alberta such as the Smoky River mines, the Obed project, and the Montgomery mine are dealt with. In the Smoky River mines, coal is also produced underground. (MOS).

  14. Evaluating the impact of decentralising tuberculosis microscopy services to rural township hospitals in gansu province, china

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Newell James N

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In 2004, the Ministry of Health issued the policy of decentralising microscopy services (MCs to one third of all township hospitals in China. The study was conducted in Gansu Province, a poor western one in China. Ganzhou was one county in Gansu Province. Ganzhou County was identified as a unique case of further decentralisation of tuberculosis (TB treatment services in township hospitals. The study evaluated the impact of the MC policy on providers and patients in Gansu Province. The second objective was to assess the unique case of Ganzhou County compared with other counties in the province. Methods Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used. All 523 MCs in the province completed an institutional survey regarding their performance. Four counties were selected for in-depth investigation, where 169 TB suspects were randomly selected from the MC and county TB dispensary registers for questionnaire surveys. Informant interviews were conducted with 38 health staff at the township and county levels in the four counties. Results Gansu established MCs in 39% of its township hospitals. From January 2006 to June 2007, 8% of MCs identified more than 10 TB sputum smear positive patients while 54% did not find any. MCs identified 1546 TB sputum smear positive patients, accounting for 9% of the total in the province. The throughputs of MCs in Ganzhou County were eight times of those in other counties. Interviews identified several barriers to implement the MC policy, such as inadequate health financing, low laboratory capacity, lack of human resources, poor treatment and management capacities, and lack of supervisions from county TB dispensaries. Conclusion Microscopy centre throughputs were generally low in Gansu Province, and the contribution of MCs to TB case detection was insignificant taking account the number of MCs established. As a unique case of full decentralisation of TB service, Ganzhou County presented better results. However, standards and quality of TB care needed to be improved. The MC policy needs to be reviewed in light of evidence from this study.

  15. Flour Fortification with Iron and Folic Acid in Bushehr and Golestan Provinces, Iran: Program Evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z Abdolahi

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Anemia is an important public health problem in Iran. The most prevalent type (50% is iron-deficiency anemia. Flour fortification with iron and folic acid is one of the main strategies usually adopted to combat anemia. Two pilot projects were conducted in 2 Iranian provinces: the first one in Bushehr in 2001 and the second one in Golestan in 2007. The present study was conducted in January 2009 to evaluate the process and determine the effectiveness of the flour fortification pilot project in the 2 provinces. Materials and Methods: To evaluate the effectiveness of the project, blood hemoglobin and ferritin levels were measured in a sample population of child-bearing women aged 15-49 years in Bushehr Province (n=600 and Golestan Province (n=625, selected by multi-stage sampling before and after the intervention. For process evaluation, the iron content in samples of flour and bread made from the flour were measured in a descriptive study. Results: We found similar trends in the indicators of anemia/iron deficiency among the women in Bushehr and Golestan provinces. The flour fortification project appears to have had beneficial effects on the serum ferritin levels (low levels indicate iron deficiency in both provinces. The prevalence of iron deficiency decreased from 22.2% to 15.7% (p<0.002 and from 26.7% to 14.6% (p<0.001, in Bushehr and Golestan, respectively. However, the prevalence of anemia was significantly higher after intervention in Golestan (p<0.001. Further analysis of the data also revealed that the intervention did not have any statistically significant effect on the prevalence of iron-deficiency anemia in either province. The coverages of fortified flour and bread were 90% and 98.7% in Bushehr and 94.1% and 95% in Golestan, respectively.Conclusion: The flour fortification pilot project in Iran resulted in reducing prevalence of iron deficiency and improving body iron reserves in women, but it had no effect on anemia prevalence. It can be concluded that in circumstances where iron deficiency is not a major cause of anemia, interventions such as flour fortification with iron alone will not produce any significant effect.

  16. Survey of the livestock ticks of the North West province, South Africa

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    Arthur M. Spickett

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Ticks, as vectors of disease and damage agents, impact directly and indirectly on the economy of the livestock industry in southern Africa. This study surveyed the occurrence and distribution of ticks infesting livestock across the North West province, South Africa. During three phases in consecutive years, officers of the provincial Veterinary Department collected specimens monthly from livestock hosts at specified sites across the province. Data analysis constituted the fourth phase of the study. A total of 1090 collections from 265 sites yielded 42 566 tick specimens, comprising 22 different tick species (18 ixodids, 4 argasids. The specimens represent all of the major tick vectors of disease that occur in South Africa. The major tick-borne diseases (i.e. heartwater, both African and Asiatic bovine babesiosis and anaplasmosis were found to be prevalent mainly in the north-eastern region of the province, which also displayed the highest tick species diversity. The central region appears transitory to some of the major vectors. Although some tick species were contained within specific regions, others were widespread across the province. Associated serology data show that most herds sampled in areas endemic for babesiosis and anaplasmosis in the north-eastern region are endemically unstable and at risk to these tick-borne diseases should vector control measures become ineffective.

    How to cite this article: Spickett, A.M., Heyne, I.H. & Williams, R., 2011, ‘Survey of the livestock ticks of the North West province, South Africa’, Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 78(1, Art. #305, 12 pages. doi:10.4102/ojvr.v78i1.305

  17. Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin Province, Russia, 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schenk, Christopher J.; Bird, Kenneth J.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Gautier, Donald L.; Houseknecht, David W.; Klett, Timothy R.; Moore, Thomas E.; Pawlewicz, Mark J.; Pitman, Janet K.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) recently assessed the undiscovered oil and gas potential of the West Siberian Basin Province in Russia as part of the USGS Circum-Arctic Resource Appraisal program. This province is the largest petroleum basin in the world and has an areal extent of about 2.2 million square kilometers. It is a large rift-sag feature bounded to the west by the Ural fold belt, to the north by the Novaya Zemlya fold belt and North Siberian Sill, to the south by the Turgay Depression and Altay-Sayan fold belt, and to the east by the Yenisey Ridge, Turukhan-Igarka uplift, Yenisey-Khatanga Basin, and Taimyr High. The West Siberian Basin Province has a total discovered oil and gas volume of more than 360 billion barrels of oil equivalent (Ulmishek, 2000). Exploration has led to the discovery of tens of giant oil and gas fields, including the Urengoy gas field with more than 3500 trillion cubic feet of gas reserves and Samotlar oil field with reserves of nearly 28 billion barrels of oil (Ulmishek, 2003). This report summarizes the results of a reassessment of the undiscovered oil and gas potential of that part of the province north of the Arctic Circle; a previous assessment that included the entire province was completed in 2000 (Ulmishek, 2000). The total petroleum system (TPS) and assessment units (AU) defined by the USGS for the assessments in 2000 were adopted for this assessment. However, only those parts of the Aus lying wholly or partially north of the Arctic Circle were assessed for this study.

  18. Epidemiological and clinical survey of scorpionism in Khuzestan province, Iran (2003).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahbazzadeh, Delavar; Amirkhani, Aref; Djadid, Navid Dinparast; Bigdeli, Shahla; Akbari, Abolfazl; Ahari, Hamed; Amini, Hossein; Dehghani, Rouhullah

    2009-03-15

    Epidemiological and clinical survey of scorpion envenomation was carried out by statistical method of stratified cluster random sampling in Khuzestan, the southern province of Iran, cross-sectionally. We analyzed 12,150 cases recorded in Emergency Unit of the hospitals of six cities in Khuzestan province during the year 2003. The prevalence rate of human scorpion stings in the province is 3.1/1000 inhabitants. The percentage of prevalence in selected cities was as follows: Masjed-Soleiman (27.1%), Ramhormoz (26.6%), Izeh (15.3%), Shush (12%), Baghmalek (11.7%), and Behbahan (7.3%). The scorpions, responsible for the majority of stings in Khuzestan province of Iran were identified as 53.3% yellow (Mesobuthus eupeus, Hottentotta saulcyi, Odonthobuthus doriae and Hemiscorpius lepturus), and 17.4% black (Androctonus crassicauda and Hottentotta schach), and 29.3% unknown colors. Most stings occurred throughout the year, however, the highest and lowest frequency occurs in June (16.0%) and February (0.6%), respectively. Nocturnal envenomations (60.9%) were more common than diurnal (39.1%), and 39.3% of stings were on the hands and 37.3% on the feet Most envenomings were mild (74.5%) that all evolved to cure, except for three deaths. Envenomation was characterized by local pain (63.3%), erythema (10.1%), vomiting (1.3%), restlessness (0.6%), hyperthermia (0.5%), sweating (0.4%), and spasmic (0.3%). With respect to the outcoming results, scorpionism in Khuzestan province of Iran is a public health problem, which needs to be monitored carefully by the government. PMID:19708123

  19. Synoptic and meteorological characterisation of olive pollen transport in Córdoba province (south-western Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández-Ceballos, Miguel A.; García-Mozo, Hermínia; Adame, José Antonio; Domínguez-Vilches, Eugenio; de La Morena, Benito A.; Bolívar, Juan Pedro; Galán, Carmen

    2011-01-01

    The main goal of the present study was to provide a detailed analysis of olive pollen transport dynamics in the province of Córdoba (south-western Spain) by applying back-trajectory analysis. Pollen data from 2006 and 2007 were analysed at four monitoring sites: Córdoba city in the centre of the province, Baena and Priego de Córdoba located in the south, and El Cabril reserve (Hornachuelos Natural Park) in the north. Particular attention was paid to nine episodes of high pollen counts. Synoptic surface maps were used, and kinematic back-trajectories (3D) were computed using the hybrid single particle Lagrangian integrated trajectory model (HYSPLIT) at 500 m above ground level, run with a time-step of 6 h over a period of 36 h. Findings were analysed in conjunction with daily and bi-hourly airborne pollen data, field phenological data and hourly surface meteorological data recorded at nearby stations: temperature, relative humidity, rainfall, wind direction and wind speed. The results identified two pollen source areas over the Córdoba province, the largest one located in the south, affecting Baena, Priego de Córdoba and Córdoba city, and one smaller located in the west, which determines mainly the pollen cycle over the north of the province, El Cabril. In addition, two air mass circulations were found, one coming from the south and crossing the main olive pollen sources very close to the surface and being frequently associated with higher pollen counts, and the other coming from the west and, in the episodes investigated, influencing mainly the north of the province.

  20. First report of Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence in peafowls in Yunnan Province, Southwestern China

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    Tian Yi-Ming

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular protozoan parasite infecting almost all warm-blooded animals, including birds, with a worldwide distribution. Surveys of T. gondii infection in wild birds have been reported extensively in the world, but little is known of T. gondii infection in peafowls worldwide. This study was performed to determine the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection in peafowls in Yunnan Province, southwestern China. Methods Sera from 277 peafowls, including 272 blue peafowls (Pavo cristatus and 5 green peafowls (Pavo muticus originated from two geographic areas in Yunnan Province were assayed for T. gondii antibodies using the modified agglutination test (MAT. Results Specific T. gondii antibodies were detected in 35 of 277 (12.64% peafowls (MAT titer???1:5. Seropositive birds were found in both species, 33 in 272 blue peafowls and 2 in 5 green peafowls. There was no significant difference in T. gondii seroprevalence between the adolescent birds (6.74% and the adult birds (6.67% (P?>?0.05. The geographical origins of peafowls was found to be highly associated with T. gondii infection in the present study, a statistically significant difference in T. gondii seropositivity was observed between peafowls from Kunming (31.08% and those from Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture (5.91% (OR?=?10.956, 95% CI?=?1.632-73.545, P?=?0.014. Statistical analyses showed that there were no significant interactions between ages and geographical origins of peafowls (P?>?0.05. Conclusions The results of the present survey indicated that infection of peafowls with T. gondii is widespread in Yunnan Province, which has significant public health concerns and implications for prevention and control of toxoplamosis in this province. To our knowledge, this is the first seroprevalence report of T. gondii infection in China’s southwestern Yunnan Province.

  1. Precambrian large igneous provinces: an overview of geochronology, origins and impact on earth evolution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Precambrian large igneous provinces flourished during the Proterozoic and some, such as the 1.27 Ga Mackenzie event in North America, resemble their Phanerozoic counterparts with good evidence for the production of large volumes of mafic magma in short periods of geologic time (<10 m.y.), a specific focus of this magmatism, and regional uplift prior to the onset of volcanism. In many Precambrian examples, the flood basalts have been largely removed by erosion and only the root zone (e.g. dyke swarm, layered mafic intrusion) of these large igneous provinces is preserved. The short duration of this magmatism and the geometric relationship between linear dyke swarms and basement geology can potentially provide a robust geological pin in continental reconstructions. The extensive 2.37 Ga E-W trending Bangalore dyke swarm in the Dharwar craton, India cross-cuts N-S trending Neoarchean greenstone belts and the 2.51 Ga Closepet granite and is a good example of the potential for providing a cornerstone in Paleoproterozoic continent reconstruction. In contrast, the 1.89 Ga Southern Bastar-Cuddapah large igneous province in southern India is one of several large igneous provinces formed at this time on different continents, including the 1.89-1.88 Ga circum-Superior mafic/ultramafic magmatism in North America and the 1.88-1.87 Ga Waterberg Group sills in South Africa, and is part of a global period of enhanced mantle melting. A challenge for future attempts at Precambrian contie for future attempts at Precambrian continent reconstruction is to distinguish between discrete global periods of enhanced mantle melting and a single specific focus large igneous province. (author)

  2. FDI of Vietnam; Two-Way Linkages between FDI and GDP, Competition among Provinces and Effects of Laws

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    Kezhong Zhang

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on problems related to foreign direct investment (FDI in the North Central Area and South Central Coast of Vietnam in the period from 2000 to 2010, they consist of bidirectional relationship between foreign direct investment and economic growth (GDP, competition among provinces and effects of laws in attracting FDI. By using panel data and Ordinary Least Square (OLS Method. Empirical analysis results found that: 1 There is a strong bidirectional relationship between FDI and GDP in this area of Vietnam. Both FDI and GDP also contributed significantly and positively in explaining each other in the provinces which was extremely difficult socio-economic conditions, however this is especially accurate in provinces having better conditions such as Da Nang city; 2 There is no strong competition between provinces in attracting FDI, provinces having better governance in economics attracted less registered FDI; 3 Ability to access information and infrastructure quality of provinces affects significantly and positively to attract FDI in this region; 4 After promulgating Common Investment Law as well as Unified Enterprises Law in 2005 and Vietnam joined the World Trade Organization (WTO in 2007, the amount of registered FDI capital has increased rapidly in provinces of North Central Region and South Central Coast—Vietnam.

  3. Reconstituting the epidemic history of mono lineage of HIV-1 CRF01_AE in Guizhou province, Southern China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Haiyan; Sun, Binlian; Li, Lingnuo; Li, Yanpeng; Liu, Yong; Xiao, Yao; Jiang, Yan; Yang, Rongge

    2014-08-01

    Guizhou province, located between border provinces and Central province of China, plays a crucial role in the transmission of HIV-1, implying it is important to monitor the epidemic of HIV-1 in this region. Available HIV-1 infected patients' plasma (n=78) were collected from Tongren city, Eastern Guizhou. Full-length gag, partial pol and env gene sequences were amplified and analyzed using phylogenetic, recombinant and Bayesian molecular clock approaches. Phylogenetic and recombinant analyses showed that CRF01_AE predominated among injecting drug users and heterosexuals in Tongren city with 85.9% proportion, it was followed by B' (5.1%), CRF07_BC (3.8%), CRF08_BC (3.8%), and B (1.3%). Moreover, 98.5% of CRF01_AE strains belonged to the distinct lineage CRF01_AE-v previously found in Guangxi province. To infer the most probable origin of CRF01_AE-v in Guizhou province, we download all available full length of CRF01_AE gag, pol and env gene region sequences from China in Los Alamos HIV sequence database. Phylodynamic and phylogeographic analyses revealed that the expanding CRF01_AE-v epidemic in Guizhou province was the result of local epidemic driven by multiple independent introductions of CRF01_AE-v strains from Guangxi province in early 2000s. High prevalence of CRF01_AE in Guizhou province may bridge the epidemic to Central China. It provides a new insight for the understanding of HIV-1 epidemic in Guizhou province and makes the evolutionary history of CRF01_AE in China more intact. PMID:24823961

  4. Survey of knowledge of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in nurses of community-based health services in Hainan province

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    CHEN Xiu-zhen

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available To assess the knowledge of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR among the nurses ( n= 302 of community-based health services in Hainan province of China, a survey was made by randomized stratified cluster sampling using self-designed questionnaires. The passing rate for qualification of the knowledge of CPR was found to be very low in Hainan province (23.18 %. A significant difference of regions and different educational level among the nurses were also noticed (P<0.01. It may be concluded from the study that nurses of community-based health services in Hainan province lack the basic knowledge of CPR, especially in rural region.

  5. Uranium in South America with Emphasis on the Brazilian Uranium Province (Summary L'uranium en Amérique du Sud et plus particulièrement dans la province uranifère brésilienne (résumé

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    Forman J. M. A.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available The search for uranium hos been going on in South America for the last 30 years and has led to discoveries of deposits in the following countries: Brazil, Argentine, Venezuela, Peru, Chile, Colombia and Ecuador. - In addition to the already known deposits in Brazil at Pocas de Caldas (Minas Gerais, Figueira (Parana and Quadrilatère Ferrifère (Minas Gerais, other deposits have been discovered at Itatiaia where the uranium is associated with phosphates, in the Lagoa Real region where the uranium is in microclinal gneiss, and in the Rio Preto region. Nearly 100 ore shows have been found in Lower Precarnbrian shales covered by Middle Precambrion quartzose sandstore. The industrial complexes of Pocas de Caldas and Fiqueira will start production respectively in 1980 and 1983. - In Argentina the mains deposits are in the Serra Pintada (Mendoza Province, at Los Adobes and Cerro Condor (Chubut Province and at Don Otto in the northern part of the country. Reserves now known and those being developed are very promising for the future. Pendant les 30 dernières années la recherche de l'uranium s'est poursuivie en Amérique du Sud et a abouti à la découverte de gisements dans les pays suivants : Brésil, Argentine, Venezuela, Pérou, Chili, Colombie et Équateur. . - Au Brésil, outre les gisements déjà connus de Poças de Caldas (Minas Gerais de Figueira (Parana et du Quadrilatère Ferrifère des Minas Gerais, d'autres gisements ont été découverts à Itatiaia où l'uranium est associé à des phosphates, dans la zone de Lagoa Real où l'uranium se trouve dans des gneiss à microcline et dans la région de Rio Preto. Près de 100 indices minéralisés sont reconnus dans les schistes du Précambrien inférieur recouverts par des grès quartzeux d'âge précambrien moyen. Les complexes industriels de Pocas de Caldas et de Figueira entreront en production respectivement en 1980 et 1983. - En Argentine, les principaux gisements se trouvent dans la Serra Pintada (Province de Mendoza, à Los Adobes et Cerre Condor (Province de Chubut et à Don Otto dans le nord du pays. Les réserves actuellement connues et celles en cours de développement sont très prometteuses pour l'avenir.

  6. Unraveling the Structure and Dynamics of the Borborema Province, NE Brazil, With Broadband Seismology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Julià, J.; Bastow, I. D.; Nascimento, R.; Nascimento, A. F.; Rocha, M. P.; Ferreira, J. M.; Fuck, R. A.

    2012-04-01

    The Borborema Province of NE Brazil comprises the northeasternmost corner of the Brazilian shield and can be regarded as a tectonic collage of basement rocks of Paleoproterozoic age. One of the most intriguing features of the Province concerns its Cenozoic magmatism and uplift. Cenozoic activity is arranged along the north-south trending Macau-Queimadas alignment (MQA) and consists of small-volume, alkaline magmatism with Ar-Ar dates that range between 50 and 7 Ma. The Cenozoic magmatism does not display a clear age progression and is coeval with the uplift of the Borborema Plateau, with average elevations around 400 m and peak altitudes over 1000 m. Recent geochronological studies have shown that small-scale convection at a cratonic edge might provide a plausible explanation for the origin of the Cenozoic magmatism, and gravity surveys have proposed that mafic underplating of the Borboreman crust could be responsible for the uplift. Preliminary seismic results obtained at temporary broadband stations, however, do not support the proposed uplift mechanism. Receiver functions have shown that bulk Vp/Vs ratios increase dramatically from 1.71 to 1.81 across the MQA and that no corresponding increase in crustal thickness is observed. Moreover, velocity-depth profiles from the joint inversion of receiver functions and dispersion velocities reveal that low-velocity zones, rather than mafic underplate, might be present. The seismic observations, nonetheless, are based on just a small number of scattered observations in the Province and tomographic images at lithospheric and sublithospheric depths are lacking. The deep structure of the Province is now being investigated through a temporary seismic experiment funded under the Instituto de Ciência e Tecnologia de Estudos Tectônicos of the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq, Brazil). The experiment consists of a backbone seismic network of 20 broadband stations evenly spread throughout the Province complemented by a similar number of short-period stations. The combined network has an aperture of ~400 km in the NE direction, ~600 km in the NS direction, and an average inter-station spacing of ~100 km, and it will be recording continuously for ~2 years. Tomographic images based on fundamental model surface-waves dispersion as well as P- and S-wave travel-times, along with detailed crustal-velocity models, are now being developed under this effort. We expect that the new results, in combination with refined findings for the Borboreman crust, will shed light on the origin of the Cenozoic volcanism and uplift mechanism for the Borborema Province.

  7. Marks of a Jelali Destruction in the Ottoman Province: The raid of Tavil Halil in Kütahya (Provinces and the Socio-Economic Reflections of it

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    Süleyman Polat

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The rebellions called Jelali Revolts inflicted great damage throughout Anatolia at the turn of the 16th century and in the early 17th century. Former studies have already treated this destruction in general, however, new documents from archival records give some clues about the details of the destruction. This study is formed by using the records kept by kad?s after the destruction in Kütahya perpetrated by Tavil Hail. The study focuses on two points using sources that have not been used before. The first one is the destruction in Kütahya perpetrated by Tavil Halil during Jelali Revolts. Two different aspects of this destruction will be treated. The first one is social destruction, in other words the rapes and attacks suffered by the society. The second one is economic hardships faced by the people due to extraordinary taxes imposed on the people of this province by Nasuh Pasha who had been sent to confront the Jelalis and had to retreat to Kütahya after an unsuccessful effort to stop Tavil Halil. Thus we will emphasize the hardships faced by ehl-i örf and reaya as well as the problems caused by Jelali Revolts. The second subject in this study is the economic loss in the province of Kütahya caused by Jelali revolts. In this context we will try to determine the decrease in tax income collected by the state.

  8. Aflatoxin M1 contamination in cow and buffalo milk samples from the North West Frontier Province (NWFP) and Punjab provinces of Pakistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iqbal, S Z; Asi, M R; Ariño, A

    2011-01-01

    A total of 178 milk samples (94 of buffalo and 84 of cow) were randomly taken from Punjab and the North West Frontier Province (NWFP) of Pakistan (n = 89 in each province) and analysed for the presence of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) by HPLC-FLD. From Punjab about 46% of buffalo's and 49% of cow's milks were contaminated with AFM1 as compared with 52% and 51% for milk samples from NWFP, respectively. Overall, the mean AFM1 concentration was 0.046 µg kg(-1) with a maximum of 0.350 µg kg(-1). All samples complied with the Codex Alimentarius limit of 0.50 µg kg(-1) for AFM1 in milk, but 16.3% of samples exceeded the European Union maximum level of 0.05 µg kg(-1). Another set of 415 buffalo's and cow's milk samples (213 morning milks and 202 evening milks) were analysed. Statistical analysis revealed significant differences (p milk during the morning (0.043 µg kg(-1)) and the evening (0.028 µg kg(-1)) lactation times. PMID:24786252

  9. External exposure level from natural radiation and population dose in Gansu province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The resultts of measurement of absorbed dose rate in air from natural gamma radiation in Gansu measured with FD-71 scintillation radiometers are reported in this paper. Sketch maps of distribution of absorbed dose rates from natural radiation in this province are also presented. The mean values of absorbed rates in air from terrestrial gamma radiation for outdoors and indoors are 0.7 mGy/a (range 0.32 to 1.11 mGy/a) and 1.02 mGy/a (range 0.73 to 1.4 mGy/a), respectively. The annual effective dose equivalent from terrestrial gamma radiation to population in this province is estimated to be 1,14 mSv

  10. Molecular detection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in Ixodid ticks in Hebei Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaxue, Zou; Hongtao, Jin; Qiuyue, Wang; Zhixin, Fu; Hongwei, Gao; Pengpeng, Liu; Quan, Liu; Lifeng, Chen

    2011-10-01

    A total of 3696 Ixodid ticks, collected from Hebei Province, China, were examined by a nested polymerase chain reaction for the presence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum. Forty-three (15.4%) of 280 pools tested, including 39 (14.6%) of 267 Haemaphysalis longicornis and four (30.8%) of 13 Dermacentor nuttalli, were positive, but no significant difference was found between D. nuttalli and H. longicornis (p>0.05). Sequence and phylogenetic analyses of 16S rRNA gene indicated that A. phagocytophilum in China is genetically diverse. To our knowledge, this is the first evidence of A. phagocytophilum in ticks from Hebei Province, China, and the first documentation of Anaplasma infection in D. nuttalli. PMID:21923254

  11. Gasterópodos terrestres de la provincia de Misiones, Argentina / Terrestrial gastropods from Misiones Province, Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Diego Eduardo, Gutiérrez Gregoric; Verónica, Núñez; Roberto Eugenio, Vogler; Ariel Aníbal, Beltramino; Alejandra, Rumi.

    1759-17-01

    Full Text Available El Bosque Atlántico es una de las eco-regiones prioritarias para la conservación global de la diversidad biológica. En territorio argentino se encuentra representado por la Selva Paranense que ocupa gran parte de la provincia de Misiones. Aquí se presenta una lista actualizada de los moluscos terres [...] tres de la provincia de Misiones, se evalúa su riqueza y se las compara entre áreas protegidas y no protegidas. Se elaboró una base de datos de 497 registros. Se utilizó una grilla de 50x50km sobre el mapa de la provincia de Misiones. Se amplió el número de especies presentes en esta provincia de 28 a 56 (11 exóticas y 25 micromoluscos). En áreas no protegidas se registraron 53 especies y 38 en áreas protegidas. Orthalicidae presentó el mayor número de especies (diez) y la distribución más amplia. Megalobulimus spp. se registró en 14 unidades de muestreo. Los mayores valores de riqueza específica se encontraron en el extremo norte de la provincia (R=32), donde a su vez se registra la mayor cantidad de muestreos. En esta región se mantienen grandes extensiones de vegetación autóctona que conforman la Selva Paranaense y zonas protegidas como el Parque Nacional Iguazú y el Parque Provincial Puerto Península. Abstract in english The Atlantic Forest represents one of the global priority eco-regions for biodiversity conservation. In Argentina, this is represented by the Paranense Forest, which occupies much of the Misiones Province. In this paper, an updated list of land mollusks from Misiones Province is presented, and its s [...] pecies richness was evaluated comparing protected and unprotected areas. For this, we reviewed La Plata Museum Mollusk Collection, updated the literature review, and developed some field work between 2009 and 2010. For the areographic work, a grid (50x50km) was applied to a Misiones province map. In this region, large areas of native vegetation constituting the Paranaense Forest still persist, and include protected areas such as the Iguazú National Park and Puerto Península Provincial Park. These areas have been the most explored at the malacological level (both terrestrial and aquatic environments), a fact that is consistent with the greater number of records found, which may also be the explanation for the highest number of species recorded in the region. A database containing 497 records was compiled. The number of species occurring in this Province was increased from 28 to 56; 11 of which were exotic species. A total of 38 of the species occurred in protected areas and 53 in unprotected areas; and 25 species were micro-mollusks. Orthalicidae was the family with the highest species number (10) and the widest distribution, occupying 16/20 sampling units. Megalobulimus was the genus found in a greater number of sampling units (14/20). The highest values of specific richness of land gastropods were found in Northern Misiones (R=32). This richness was similar to that previously reported for the Tucumán Province, although species occurring in both provinces were mostly different. The richness in Misiones Province border areas, as the Republic of Paraguay and the state of Santa Catarina (Brazil), was about twice that found in the province. The present study showed the existence of poorly explored areas at malacological level, especially in Central and Eastern Misiones. Data presented here will allow focus future sampling efforts on such areas, so patterns of species distribution can be better defined. Rev. Biol. Trop. 61 (4): 1759-1768. Epub 2013 December 01.

  12. Epidemiology of acute flaccid paralysis in Kermanshah province, 2004-2009

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    Keyghobad Ghadiri

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine epidemiologic features of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP during 2004-2009 in Kermanshah province. This cross-sectional descriptive study was done based on data records from Kermanshah health care center. In total 89 patients, 0-14 years old were enrolled study, which 36 of them were male and 53 were female. 50.6% of subjects were diagnosed as Guillain-barre, 6.7% transverse synovitis and 5.6% as arthritis. No any cases of poliomyelitis were diagnosed. The prevalence of reported of AFP during 2004-2009 in Kermanshah province was more than expected rate of 1 per 100000 according to WHO.

  13. A Different Development Model in China’s Western and Eastern Provinces?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meine Pieter van Dijk

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Economic growth in China has declined between 2008 and 2009. The global financial crisis of 2008/9 has shown a number of structural weaknesses in the Chinese economy, such as the functioning of its capital and labor markets and the substantial income differences between the developed eastern and less developed western provinces. Migration is the linchpin of China’s development model; workers move from the western to the eastern provinces and back, in particular because of the crisis. How has China reacted to the financial crisis of 2008? After assessing the Chinese stimulus program and its negative effects on liquidity in general and the financial sector in particular some of the resulting issues, such as a dual development model for the eastern and western part of China and the development of the internal market at the expense of more export will be reviewed, before assessing which factors can still constrain China’s ascent.

  14. Regional disparities in the distribution of healthcare workers: evidence from Iran, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ezati Asar, Mohamad; Varehzardi, Ramin; Rajabi Vasokolaei, Ghasem; Haghi, Mehdi; Fazelipor, Morteza

    2015-03-01

    A health care service is a prerequisite for sustainable development. This requires access to balanced health workers in different geographic areas. The first step is to identify inequality in access to health workers in different areas. This study is a descriptive study was carried out on the cities in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. TOPSIS technique was used to rank the cities in terms of regional disparities in the distribution of health workers. The findings revealed that distinct disparities in the distribution of healthcare workers across Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. Shahrekord and Ardal cities were classified as 1st and 7th respectively. Policy makers should consider priority (regional planning, budget and resources allocation) according to the distribution of healthcare workers. PMID:25716410

  15. Potential uses of genetic geological modelling to identify new uranium provinces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Genetic-geological modelling is the placing of the various processes of the development of a uranium province into distinct stages that are ordered chronologically and made part of a matrix with corresponding geologic evidence. The models can be applied to a given region by using one of several methods to determine a numerical favorability rating. Two of the possible methods, geologic decision analysis and an oil-and-gas type of play analysis, are briefly described. Simplified genetic models are given for environments of the quartz-pebble conglomerate, unconformity-related vein, and sandstone types of deposits. Comparison of the genetic models of these three sedimentary-related environments reveals several common attributes that may define a general uranium province environment

  16. Participatory, Tourist Consumer Behavior-Based, Integrated Tourism Marketing Plan For Chainat Province

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    Nak Gulid

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to study Tourist Consumer Behavior, Tourism Market Segmentation, and Tourism Product Positioning in Chainat Province, Thailand. Quantitative analysis is employed in this study. Four hundred Thai tourists who have traveled to Chainat province at least once are the respondents who filled out the questionnaires. Multiple regression analysis has been used in this study. The majority of the Thai tourists are single females between the ages of 25 and 34, employees in the private sector with monthly incomes lower than Baht 10,000 (about USD 300, and are residents in the central region of Thailand. The results show that attitude toward destination, behavioral intention, and destination equity has strong influences on tourist consumer behavior.

  17. Characterization of uraniferous geochemical provinces by aerial gamma-ray spectrometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Means and relative standard deviations were calculated for eU, eTH, K, and their ratios for aerial gamma-ray spectral data in 29 quadrangles at 1:250,000 scale. Known or suspected uraniferous provinces were characterized by: (1) Higher eU, eTh, and K means (due to generally higher radioelement concentrations). (2) Higher relative standard deviations for eU, eU/eTh, and eU/K (reflecting the presence of local uranium enrichments); and lower means eU/eTh and eU/K values (showing uranium loss from ''average'' rocks to form local enrichments). Results appear to confirm the existence of long-term crustal uranium provinces formed at the time of emplacement of the oldest known rocks. 25 refs

  18. Scorpion bites in the north-western of Khuzestan province from May 2002 to December 2003

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    Ghaderi H

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Background & Aim: Scorpion bites are one of the major health problems in some parts of Iran. This study has been conducted to evaluate the scorpion biting in north-western of Khuzestan province from May 2002 to December 2003. Methods & Materials: This study was a prospective case series conducted from May 2002 to December 2003. Location of the study was the Northwest region of Khuzestan Province. Results: From all 139 cases of scorpion bites by Androctonus crassicauda came to the clinic most bites were occurred during summer. All patients were treated conservatively without injecting anti-scorpion serum and discharged without any complication. Conclusion: The major threat in that region is because of Androctonus crassicauda bites. Considering that there is no need to inject anti-scorpion serum for these kinds of bites, further evaluation and doing more through studies about treatment is recommended. Moreover, no relation was seen between scorpion bites and different nights of month.

  19. Constraints and Challenges Facing the Small Scale Farmers in Limpopo Province, South Africa

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    Sylvester Mpandeli

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Macro- and micro-structural constraints, including those linked to and exacerbated by historical, natural and financial factors are some of the many stressors facing small-scale farmers in Limpopo Province. The challenge is to co-design ways to effectively manage these constraints with development actions. Small scale farmers in South Africa are still facing major challenges in the agricultural sector. In this paper some of the challenges faced by small-scale farmers in the Limpopo Province have been identified. Some of the challenges found during the formal surveys and focus group meetings in the Tshakhuma, Rabali and Tshiombo areas were those linked to financial, assets, land ownership and biophysical factors. Specific constraints included: (a Market information and market access; (b Price of inputs, for example fertilizer and herbicides; (c Availability of inputs; (d Irrigation; (e Cost of transport, and Natural constraint.

  20. Eriophyoid mites from Qinghai Province, northwestern China with descriptions of nine new species (Acari, Eriophyoidea).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hao-Sen; Xue, Xiao-Feng; Hong, Xiao-Yue

    2012-01-01

    Eriophyoid mites from Qinghai Province, northwestern China were studied herein. Up to now, only six species have been reported from Qinghai Province. In field surveys, 17 eriophyoid mite species were collected, among which nine species were found new to science. The new species and their host plants are listed as follows: Acaphyllisa tuberculumaesp. n. on Populus sp. (Salicaceae); Proiectus xiningensissp. n. on Pinus sp. (Pinaceae); Phyllocoptes beishaniensissp. n. on Spiraea mongolica Maxim. (Rosaceae); Tetra prunianasp. n. on Prunus tomentosa Thunb. (Rosaceae) Rupr. (Berberidaceae); Tetra pyrianasp. n. on Pyrus calleryana Decne. (Rosaceae); Tetra simoniasp. n. on Populus simonii Carr. (Salicaceae); Diptacus berberinussp. n. on Berberis amurensis Rupr. (Berberidaceae); Diptacus mengdaensissp. n. on Lonicera elisae Franch. (Caprifoliaceae); Rhyncaphytoptus spinussp. n. on Lonicera rupicola Hook. f. et Thoms. (Caprifoliaceae). Aculops ulmi Hong & Xue, 2005 was re-described. PMID:22679390

  1. Eriophyoid mites from Qinghai Province, northwestern China with descriptions of nine new species (Acari, Eriophyoidea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao-Sen Li

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Eriophyoid mites from Qinghai Province, northwestern China were studied herein. Up to now, only six species have been reported from Qinghai Province. In field surveys, 17 eriophyoid mite species were collected, among which nine species were found new to science. The new species and their host plants are listed as follows: Acaphyllisa tuberculumae sp. n. on Populus sp. (Salicaceae; Proiectus xiningensis sp. n. on Pinus sp. (Pinaceae; Phyllocoptes beishaniensis sp. n. on Spiraea mongolica Maxim. (Rosaceae; Tetra pruniana sp. n. on Prunus tomentosa Thunb. (Rosaceae Rupr. (Berberidaceae; Tetra pyriana sp. n. on Pyrus calleryana Decne. (Rosaceae; Tetra simonia sp. n. on Populus simonii Carr. (Salicaceae; Diptacus berberinus sp. n. on Berberis amurensis Rupr. (Berberidaceae; Diptacus mengdaensis sp. n. on Lonicera elisae Franch. (Caprifoliaceae; Rhyncaphytoptus spinus sp. n. on Lonicera rupicola Hook. f. et Thoms. (Caprifoliaceae. Aculops ulmi Hong & Xue, 2005 was re-described.

  2. Effects of Partial Competition on Benefits from Technical Change: Evidence from Tomato Industry in Khorasan Province

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    S. Yazdani

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Studies on benefits from innovations (technical change have mostly been performed within the framework of competitive markets. These studies indicate that if the market structure under study is not competitive, determination of technical change benefits within a competitive framework may yield distorted or biased results for different groups. Considering the noncompetitive market structure of tomato in Khorasan Province, benefits from applying biological innovation for farmers, processors and the society as a whole were estimated. The results indicate that under noncompetitive conditions in the tomato market in Khorasan Province, and as a result of the processors’ market power in buying tomato, the potential benefits of utilizing hybrid varieties have reduced for both farmers and the society by about 58 and 12.5 percent, respectively. It may naturally be concluded that farmers’ incentives to adopt hybrid varieties are attenuated because of the tomato noncompetitive market.

  3. Carbon Emissions Decomposition and Environmental Mitigation Policy Recommendations for Sustainable Development in Shandong Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Changjian Wang

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Provincial carbon emissions research is necessary for China to realize emissions reduction targets. Two-level decomposition model based on the Kaya identity was applied to uncover the main driving forces for the energy related carbon emissions in Shandong province from 1995 to 2011, an important energy base in China. Coal consumption is still the biggest contributor to the increased carbon emissions in Shandong. Decomposition results show that the affluence effect is the most important contributors to the carbon emissions increments. The energy intensity effect is the dominant factor in curbing carbon emissions. The emission coefficient effect plays an important negative but relatively minor effect on carbon emissions. Based on the local realities, a series of environment-friendly mitigation policies are raised by fully considering all of these influencing factors. Sustainable mitigation policies will pay more attention to the low-carbon economic development along with the significant energy intensity reduction in Shangdong province.

  4. Mental health survey among landmine survivors in Siem Reap province, Cambodia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes Cardozo, Barbara; Blanton, Curtis; Zalewski, Tami; Tor, Svang; McDonald, Laura; Lavelle, James; Brooks, Robert; Anderson, Mark; Mollica, Richard

    2012-01-01

    Many survivors of the Khmer Rouge period in Cambodia and the subsequent war with Vietnam have now returned to Cambodia. In this two-stage household cluster survey in Siem Reap Province in Cambodia, we explored the mental health consequences on 166 landmine injury survivors selected from 1000 household in 50 clusters and an oversample of all landmine survivors. We found a prevalence of anxiety of 62% for all respondents, 74% for depression, and 34% for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). These prevalences were statistically significantly higher than among the adult population who had not been injured by landmines. These data underscore the importance of providing mental health care services for the people in Siem Reap Province in Cambodia who have been injured by landmines. PMID:22873010

  5. A new rhamphorhynchid pterosaur (Pterosauria) from Jurassic deposits of Liaoning Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lü, Junchang; Pu, Hanyong; Xu, Li; Wei, Xuefang; Chang, Huali; Kundrát, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Compared to pterosaurs from the Early Cretaceous from China, Late Jurassic pterosaurs are relatively rare. A new rhamphorhynchid pterosaur, Orientognathus chaoyngensis gen. et sp. nov., is erected based on an incomplete skeleton from the Upper Jurassic Tuchengzi Formation of Chaoyang, Liaoning Province, China. It is identified by the following characters: the toothless tip of the lower jaw is slightly pointed; the length ratio of wing metacarpal to humerus is 0.38, the ulna is shorter than each wing phalanx and the tibia is nearly equal to femur in length. A phylogenetic analysis recovers Orientognathus chaoyngensis as a rhamphorhynchid pterosaur. Orientognathus chaoyngensis is perhaps the youngest Jurassic pterosaur from western Liaoning Province of China.  PMID:25661600

  6. The Research of Developing Green Agriculture: Take Pengxi County of Sichuan Province as an Example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haotian ZHONG

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, hilly country of Sichuan province has discovered many specific ways to develop green agriculture. In this article, we choose Pengxi County as an example and went to 31 leading enterprises of city and county level at Pengxi County. We dissected and studied the way and strategies to developing the green agriculture, providing suggestions for “1025”planning and the strategy of the West Development. This paper intend to improve the development of the modern agriculture in Sichuan province and accelerate the step of building the large-scale, standard, high-efficiency, branding and environmental friendly agriculture, contribute to establish productive, high quality, high-efficiency, environmental friendly and safe modern agriculture industry system

  7. Min Bei Irradiation Center. Food and Agriculture organization project experience, Jianou, Fujian Province, China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), a United Nations Organization, in an effort to increase food supplies by post harvest irradiation treatment, participated in the development of the Min Bei Irradiation Center (MBIC) located in Fujian Province, China. FAO in conjunction with Shanghai Nuclear Energy Research and Design Institute (SNERDI), MBIC staff, and the Ministry of Agriculture completed Project TCP CPR 6763/8961 culminating in the recent commissioning of one of China's newest irradiation facilities. From the feasibility phase initiated in 1986, through the construction period and the eventual commissioning in 1991, FAO participated in the technical overview of the irradiation center. MBIC was developed both as a research and development center as well as a production irradiation facility for the primary purpose of reduction of post harvest food loss in Fujian Province. This retrospective review of the project provides a hindsight view for the development of MBIC. (author)

  8. Research on the Symbiotic Relationship between Small & Medium-sized Enterprises and Banks in Jilin Province

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    CHEN Lixia

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available As the market economy deepens continually, the small & medium-sized enterprises (SMEs in Jilin Province play more and more important role for the economic development of Jilin. Although the SMEs in Jilin have developed greatly in recent years, their difficulties in financing seriously hamper their development. The paper analyzes the status of the relation between the SMEs and banks in Jilin and suggests that it is necessary for the SMEs to establish symbiotic relationship with banks, we also put forward the paths for them to establish continuous reciprocal symbiotic relation with banks in order to help SMEs solve their financing problems and guide the banks to get more profit to realize win-win for both of them.
    Key words: Small & Medium-sized enterprises in Jilin Province; banks; Symbiotic relationship

  9. A study of radioactive elements of various rocks in Pattani Province with gamma ray spectrometer

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    Kaewtubtim, P.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The radioactivity of the three elements, potassium, uranium and thorium, in rocks of various types in Pattani Province was investigated by using a gamma ray spectrometer. It was found that potassium contents in igneous rocks, sedimentary rocks and metamorphic rocks were 6.29 %, 2.21% and 1.54 % respectively. Uranium equivalent contents in igneous rock, sedimentary rocks and metamorphic rocks were found to be 22.51 ppm, 11.25 ppm and 14.13 ppm, while thorium contents in these rocks were 21.78 ppm, 18.88 ppm and 18.15 ppm respectively. The results obtained were similar to those reported by Pungtip Ranglek (1995 for igneous rock at Liwong Pluton site in Thepha, Na Thawi, Chana and Saba Yoi Districts, Songkhla Province, and were about six times higher than those reported by Kittichai Wattananikorn (1994 for igneous rock in the northern part of Thailand.

  10. Spatial and Temporal Patterns of Dengue in Guangdong Province of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Chenggang; Yang, Weizhong; Fan, Jingchun; Wang, Furong; Jiang, Baofa; Liu, Qiyong

    2013-03-01

    The aim of the study was to describe the spatial and temporal patterns of dengue in Guangdong for 1978 to 2010. Time series analysis was performed using data on annual dengue incidence in Guangdong province for 1978-2010. Annual average dengue incidences for each city were mapped for 4 periods by using the geographical information system (GIS). Hot spot analysis was used to identify spatial patterns of dengue cases for 2005-2010 by using the CrimeStat III software. The incidence of dengue in Guangdong province had fallen steadily from 1978 to 2010. The time series was a random sequence without regularity and with no fixed cycle. The geographic range of dengue fever had expanded from 1978 to 2010. Cases were mostly concentrated in Zhanjiang and the developed regions of Pearl River Delta and Shantou. PMID:23467628

  11. Uranium province of Lagoa Real - guarantee for supplying uranium concentrate (ADU) for Brazilian demand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work focus at the Uranium Province of Lagoa Real notably considering the geological reserves of uranium already defined (100,000 tones of U3O8) and the respective autonomy in providing raw material needed for making fuel elements. The province, based on geoeconomical parameters, supported by three main vectors (geological model/grade, mining/process route, investment/finance) has been elected to supply the required Brazilian demand. Supplying of uranium for the Brazilian power plants is in charge of Industrias Nucleares do Brasil - INB and is based on national production. Thus, the Uranium Concentrate Unit has been implemented in the state of Bahia, aiming primarily to supply the needs of Angra I and Angra II power plants. This new production center has the capacity of producing up to 400 tones/yr of U3O8. (author)

  12. [Characteristics of the medical workforce in the Province of Cabinda, Angola].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Miguel Dos Santos de; Artmann, Elizabeth

    2009-03-01

    This article presents the results of a study on the public health system's medical workforce in the Province of Cabinda, Angola. The objective was to study the characteristics of medical personnel, seeking to help define strategies to expand access and improve quality of care. The study covered the period from 2001 to 2004 and used secondary data, semi-structured interviews with health professionals, direct observation, and comparison with the literature. Quality of medical care in Cabinda was low, with one physician per 3,356 inhabitants. There were communities with more than 35,000 inhabitants and not a single physician. Working conditions were poor, and physicians suffered from low motivation. The study concluded that formulation and implementation of policies envisioning improvements in the management of medical professionals in the sector could help enhance the quality of care in the Province, but it would require involvement by relevant actors and additional research on the other health professions. PMID:19300843

  13. Extension field workers' perception of cotton integrated pest management programme in sindh province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study was conducted in the Sindh province of Pakistan to assess the performance of Extension Field Worker (EFWs) performed during FAO-EU-ADB funded National Integrated Pest Management Programme (Nat-IPM) for cotton. The basic principle of Nat-IPM programme was to enable farmers to be self sufficient, using practices that are agro-ecological friendly. This study was carried out in four districts of Sindh province (Hyderabad, Tando Allahyar, Matiari, and Mirpurkhas). The sample size comprised 48 EFWs who participated in Training of Facilitators (ToF) and erecuted FFSs during 2001 and 2004. The results revealed that the EFWs performed effectively to attain the objectives of IPM programme. It appears that EFWs improved farmers' knowledge, skills and behavioral change in attitude towards agro-ecological sound IPM practices through FFS training. (author)

  14. Seroprevalence of Neospora caninum in slaughtered native cattle in Kurdistan province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heidar Heidari

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Neospora caninum is a worldwide distributed pathogen which causes abortion in cattle leading to economic loss in the cattle industry. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of N. caninum antibodies in the native cattle slaughtered in various areas of Kurdistan province (western Iran from September 2010 to September 2011. Serum samples from 368 cattle slaughtered in seven slaughterhouses in this region were taken for detection of anti-N. caninum antibodies using commercial N. caninum ELISA kit. Antibodies to N. caninum were found in 29 samples (7.80%. The present study was the first report of Neospora infection in this region and indicated that native cattle of Kurdistan province were exposed to this parasite.

  15. [Distribution of vectors of visceral leishmaniasis in the Province of Corrientes, 2008].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salomón, Oscar D; Ramos, Ladys K; Quintana, María Gabriela; Acardi, Soraya A; Santini, María Soledad; Schneider, Adolfo

    2009-01-01

    Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a relevant parasitic disease in public health, produced by Leishmania infantum chagasi. Since the urbanization and emergence in Southern Brazil and Paraguay, the vector Lutzomyia longipalpis in Formosa, 2004, and the first human visceral leishmaniasis case in Misiones, 2006, have been reported in Argentina. Due to the reports of canine VL, a search of the vector in the Province of Corrientes, contiguous to Misiones, was performed during December 2008. Standarized trapping detected 376 Lu. longipalpis in Ituzaingó, Virasoro, Santo Tomé, Garruchos, Riachuelo, Corrientes and Monte Caseros localities. The risk of autochtonous vectorial transmission was then confirmed in the Province of Corrientes. The distribution of vectors in populated urban areas, with intense transit of canine reservoirs from localities with high transmission, and the existence of infected reservoirs, also implies epidemic risk. PMID:20053601

  16. Causes of Domestic Violence between Thai Muslim Married Couples in Satun Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kasetchai Laeheem

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this qualitative study were to investigate causes of domestic violence between Thai Muslimmarried couples in Satun Province. The data were collected through in-depth interviews with three groups of keyinformants in Satun Province consisting of 1 twenty women facing domestic violence who were admitted inSatun Hospital through the One Stop Crisis Center (OSCC, 2 fifteen married husbands and wives usingdomestic violence recommended by the Community Mosque Committee, and 3 ten religious leaders. To analyzethe data, content analysis was performed using logical comparison with concepts, theories, and research coupledwith the context. It was found that domestic violence between Thai Muslim married couples in Satun Provincestemmed from five important causes. 1 jealousy and suspicions, 2 alcohol and drug abuse, 3 lack of physicaland mental readiness for building their own family, 4 lack of activities contributing to caring and understandingin the family, and 5 husbands’ values and belief in male dominance.

  17. Design Web-based GIS Application for Rabies Spread in Bali Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. A. K. Sita Laksmita

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Rabies is still a serious threat in the province of Bali. Because of that Bali need a good management system service that can process data and information to support the government to make decision for preventing rabies outbreak. Nowadays, data management still uses spreadsheet technology that oriented to attribute data. Geographic Information System (GIS is a system that has the ability to process, analysis the process and analyzes spatial data or data with geographic coordinates. This article will discuss the implementation of GIS that show the spread of rabies in the province of Bali by using GeoServer as the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC standards-compliant server to provide geospatial data via web services. These GIS application, supported by PostGIS database as storage and processing of spatial data and OpenLayers as an interface. This application can support government for making priority decision to focus on areas which has the most high of rabies outbreak.

  18. Amphibia, Anura, Bufonidae, Melanophryniscus devincenzii Klappenbach, 1968: First record for Corrientes Province, Argentina.

    OpenAIRE

    Boeris, J.; Ferro, J. M.; Krauczuk, E.; Baldo, D.

    2010-01-01

    Melanophryniscus devincenzii is known from Misiones (Argentina), Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil), Guairá (Paraguay)and northern Uruguay. Herein, we report the first record for Corrientes Province in Argentina.

  19. Retrospective Study on the Prevalence of Foreign Body in Goats? Rumen: Omdurman Province, Khartoum State, Sudan (1998-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.A. Mohammed

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Goats in Khartoum State are frequently raised as small backyard flocks to provide milk for personal consumption. Rumen foreign body is a major threat to goats in Khartoum. Omdurman Province is one of Khartoum State Provinces. The percentage of the foreign body in goats? rumen was high in the year 1999 (47.8% and then declined to 33.3 and 39.1% during years 2000 and 2002 respectively. and Foreign body surgical operations (rumenotomy percentage reached up to 44.4% compared to other surgical operations performed in goats in Omdurman Province. The present study aimed to compare the prevalence of foreign body in goats? rumen in Omdurman Province and the seasonality evidence and to provide recommendations for prevention and control.

  20. Some carbonates from Lagoa Real uranium province, State of Bahia: studies on fluid inclusion and stable isotope

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The geochemical conditions of the uraniferous carbonates of Lagoa Real province were studied using the fluid inclusions method and the isotopic determinations of the carbon and oxygen of these carbonates. (A.B.)

  1. Assessment of potential unconventional Carboniferous-Permian gas resources of the Liaohe Basin eastern uplift, Liaoning Province, China, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pollastro, Richard M.; Potter, Christopher J.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Cook, Troy A.; Klett, Timothy R.; Kirschbaum, Mark A.

    2012-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey estimated a mean of 448 billion cubic feet of potential technically recoverable unconventional natural gas in Carboniferous and Permian coal-bearing strata in the eastern uplift of the Liaohe Basin, Liaoning Province, China.

  2. Application of Multiple Index Development Approaches to Benthic Invertebrate Data from the Virginian Biogeographic Province (SETAC NA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benthic invertebrate indices have commonly been utilized to assess benthic invertebrate communities. These indices have been constructed using different techniques, but have shown different levels of application success. For example, the EMAP Virginian Province Index did not pe...

  3. Estimates of Forest Biomass Carbon Storage in Liaoning Province of Northeast China: A Review and Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Dapao; Wang, Xiaoyu; Yin, You; Zhan, Jinyu; Lewis, Bernard J.; Tian, Jie; Bao, Ye; Zhou, Wangming; Zhou, Li; Dai, Limin

    2014-01-01

    Accurate estimates of forest carbon storage and changes in storage capacity are critical for scientific assessment of the effects of forest management on the role of forests as carbon sinks. Up to now, several studies reported forest biomass carbon (FBC) in Liaoning Province based on data from China's Continuous Forest Inventory, however, their accuracy were still not known. This study compared estimates of FBC in Liaoning Province derived from different methods. We found substantial variation in estimates of FBC storage for young and middle-age forests. For provincial forests with high proportions in these age classes, the continuous biomass expansion factor method (CBM) by forest type with age class is more accurate and therefore more appropriate for estimating forest biomass. Based on the above approach designed for this study, forests in Liaoning Province were found to be a carbon sink, with carbon stocks increasing from 63.0 TgC in 1980 to 120.9 TgC in 2010, reflecting an annual increase of 1.9 TgC. The average carbon density of forest biomass in the province has increased from 26.2 Mg ha?1 in 1980 to 31.0 Mg ha?1 in 2010. While the largest FBC occurred in middle-age forests, the average carbon density decreased in this age class during these three decades. The increase in forest carbon density resulted primarily from the increased area and carbon storage of mature forests. The relatively long age interval in each age class for slow-growing forest types increased the uncertainty of FBC estimates by CBM-forest type with age class, and further studies should devote more attention to the time span of age classes in establishing biomass expansion factors for use in CBM calculations. PMID:24586881

  4. Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the West Siberian Basin Province, Russia, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klett, T.R.

    2011-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey, using a geology-based assessment methodology, estimated mean volumes of technically recoverable, conventional, undiscovered petroleum resources at 8 billion barrels of crude oil, 670 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 21 billion barrels of natural gas liquids for the West Siberian Basin Province in Russia as part of a program to estimate petroleum resources for priority basins throughout the world.

  5. Community perceptions of biomedical health care in a rural area in the Northern Province South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Karl Peltzer

    2000-01-01

    The success of strategies to revitalize primary health care services such as those advocated by the Bamako Initiative requires a response adapted to the expectations of the populations, especially in terms of quality. The goal of this study was to investigate community perceptions of availability, accessibility, acceptability and affordability of biomedical health care services in a rural area of the Northern Province in South Africa. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the ...

  6. Fishborne Trematode Metacercariae in Luang Prabang, Khammouane, and Saravane Province, Lao PDR

    OpenAIRE

    Rim, Han-jong; Sohn, Woon-mok; Yong, Tai-soon; Eom, Keeseon S.; Chai, Jong-yil; Min, Duk-young; Lee, Soon-hyung; Hoang, Eui-hyug; Phommasack, Bounlay; Insisiengmay, Sithat

    2013-01-01

    Fishborne trematode (FBT) metacercariae were investigated in fish from 3 Provinces of Lao PDR. Total 242 freshwater fish of 40 species were collected in local markets of Luang Prabang (59 fish of 16 species), Khammouane (81 fish of 19 species), and Saravane (97 fish of 14 species), and each of them was examined by artificial digestion method. Four species of metacercariae (Opisthorchis viverrini, Haplorchis taichui, Haplorchis yokogawai, and Centrocestus formosanus) were detected. O. viverrin...

  7. The Effect of Household Debt Deleveraging on Unemployment Evidence from Spanish Provinces

    OpenAIRE

    Watzka, Sebastian

    2013-01-01

    The Spanish economy is currently plagued by a deep recession with very high unemployment. We ask how much of the unemployment increase in Spain can be traced back to the debt deleveraging needs of Spanish households. We use provincial household debt and sectoral unemployment data and follow Mian and Sufi (2012) to isolate the effect of household debt on Spanish unemployment. We find that the level of household sector debt in Spanish provinces in 2007 is a highly significant determinant of the...

  8. Mineral composition of selected Salvia species growing wild in the Vojvodina Province

    OpenAIRE

    Malen?i? ?or?e P.; Kevrešan Žarko S.; Popovi? Milan T.

    2003-01-01

    Composition of mineral elements has been investigated in three Salvia species (Lumiaceae) growing wild in the Vojvodina Province (Serbia), as well as in a commercial phytopreparation (tea) of Salvia officinalis L. We determined concentrations of micro- and macroelements in dried plant material in order to evaluate their nutritive and medicinal value and to indicate an easily accessible natural source that could be used as a possible food supplement. The study showed that the plants were well ...

  9. Guidelines for Solving Bullying Behaviors among Islamic Private School Students in Songkhla Province

    OpenAIRE

    Kasetchai Laeheem

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research was: to investigate ways to solve problems of bullying behaviors among students of Islamic private schools in Songkhla Province. The data of this qualitative study were collected from brainstorming meetings and critique meetings with representatives of 10 teachers, 10 students, and 10 parents and guardians. The data were analyzed using comparative logic of concepts, theories, research reports, and context based on grounded theory method.The results of the study re...

  10. Assessment of Profitability of Land Use Systems in Tanjung Jabung Barat District, Jambi Province, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Sofiyuddin; Arief Rahmanulloh; Suyanto, S.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the research was to compare the profitability of existing land uses in Tanjung Jabung Barat, Jambi province, Indonesia, for formulating a strategy to reduce emissions from deforestation and de-gradation (REDD). Net Present Value was used for comparing profits of different types of investment (e.g. different type of land use). Rapid Rural Appraisal was used to gather information on farm budget data for each land use, including prices, production, labor and other input. The resul...

  11. Evaluation of Technological Content of Wastewater Treatment of Palm Oil Mill in Lampung Province, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Sarono; Gumbira-sa Id, E.; Ono Suparno; Suprihatin; Udin Hasanudin

    2014-01-01

    Palm oil industry is the most important economic sector in Lampung Province, Indonesia. There are 13 units of palm oil mills (POMs) operating in Lampung, producing about 1,094,586 tons of palm oil mill effluent (POME) a year. So far, the POME has been treated by the ponding system. However, the system has still caused environmental problems due to greenhouse gas emissions. Methane capture technology of which methane is converted to electrical energy is thus proposed. The objective of this stu...

  12. Rural resilience and the role of social capital of Kirundo province farmers in north of Burundi

    OpenAIRE

    Minani, Bonaventure; Rurema, De?o-guide; Lebailly, Philippe

    2013-01-01

    Burundi, family agriculture occupies more than 90% of the active population and plays a vital role in food production and participates of more than 50% of GDP. Before the civil war of 1993, Kirundo was deemed "breadbasket of the country" for the simple reason that fed many parts of Burundi in particular food legumes and cereals, so that family farming was oriented the market. Kirundo alone includes 8 lakes with opportunities for field irrigation. Today, this is the first province in Burundi s...

  13. Prevalence and demographic risk factors of gastrointestinal symptoms in Tehran province

    OpenAIRE

    Asma Pourhoseingholi; Azadeh Safaee; Mohamad Amin Pourhoseingholi; Bijan Boghimi-Dehkordi; Manijeh Habibi; Mohsen Vahedi; Mohammad Reza Zali

    2010-01-01

    Background: Gastrointestinal diseases are maladies that produce multiple symptoms. Suffering from these symptoms attributes people to an illness which they self-treat or seek medical care. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and relation between some demographic factors and GI symptoms in the Province of Tehran.

    Methods: This study was a cross-sectional...

  14. Epidemiological Aspects of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Baft District, Kerman Province, Southeast of Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Mahmoudvand, H.; Mohebali, M.; Sharifi, I.; Keshavarz, H.; Hajjaran, H.; Akhoundi, B.; Jahan­bakhsh, S.; Zarean, M.; Javadi, A.

    2011-01-01

    Background: Visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar) is an endemic disease in some areas of Iran. A cross- sectional study was conducted for sero-epidemiological survey of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in Baft district from Kerman Province, southeast of Iran.Methods: Blood samples were collected from children up to 12 years old and 10% of adult population from Baft villages with a multi-stage randomized cluster sampling. In addition, blood samples were collected from 30 domestic dogs from the sam...

  15. Classification of Health Structural Indicators Using Scalogram Model in Golestan Province, Northern Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Sadeghifar, J.; Shams, L.; Bahadori, M.; Hamouzadeh, P.; Nejati, M.

    2012-01-01

    Background:One of the main and basic pillars of health system promotion is the equitable distribution of health facilities in order to ensure fair access of people in the community to the health services.The goal of this study was to classify the health structural indicators in Golestan Province using Scalogram analysis model.Method: A descriptive study was conducted in 2010. Data related to indicators in 3 categories of institutional, human resources and rural health and their indicators wer...

  16. Energetic use of biomass in the province of Styria - status and future prospects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The province of Styria has an area of 16388 sqkm and 1,19 million inhabitants. Roughly 80 percent of the primary energy are fossil fuels which are predominantly imported. Due to climatic conditions biomass is a promising option for substituting fossil sources of energy. Given the use of biomass feedstocks in Styria represents a recycling of carbon with no net CO2 increase, the extended utilization of biomass energy and its local consequences for the emission of air pollutants are discussed. (author)

  17. ?????????????????? Study on Pollution Situations and Protection Measures in Rural Places of Hubei Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ???

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Based on the investigation of the domestic pollution, the non-point source pollution, breeding pollution and rural industrial pollution, this paper analyzed the pollution status of Hubei Province. And some useful corresponding countermeasures are proposed as well.

  18. Electron Spin Resonance Study of Tertiary Sediments in Mae Moh Basin, Lampang Province

    OpenAIRE

    Tidarut Vichaidid; Supanee Limsuwan; Pichet Limsuwan

    2012-01-01

    Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) studies have been carried out on Tertiary sediment collected from Mae Moh basin, well known for its lignite mining in Lampang province of the northern Thailand, a stratigraphic bedding plane in the sediment that formed in geological time of about 13 million years ago. Each individual sedimentary bed has its own unique assemblage and occurs in a stratigraphic succession which allows for close stratigraphic correlations to be made within the Tertiary of Mae Moh Gro...

  19. Sources of Stress for Nurses in Neonatal Intensive Care Units of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Leila Valizadeh; Alireza Farnam; Vahid Zamanzadeh; Mostafa Bafandehzendeh

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Stress is one of the main factors affecting one's efficiency as well as staff health and quality of nursing services. Neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) can be stressful environments for nurses, infants and families as well. Since there is no evidence in this regard in Iran, the present study aimed to determine stress levels related to care delivering in NICU from the viewpoint of nurses in NICUs of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran during 2011.Methods: This was a descriptive st...

  20. Species diversity of vascular plants in Si Phang-nga National Park, Phangnga Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leeratiwong, C.

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available A survey of the vascular plants in Si Phang-nga National Park, Phangnga Province, was conducted from September 2002 to August 2003. Five hundred and forty three species of 287 genera and 111 families were collected. The most diverse family was Rubiaceae, 53 species. Four species of these collected plants are endemic to Thailand, Argostemma lobulatum, Aristolochia helix, Crinum thaianum and Mallotus hymenophyllus and three species, Hedyotis hedyotidea, Lipocarpha microcephala and Pterolobium intergum are newly recorded for southern Thailand.

  1. Particulate matters collected from ceramic factories in Lampang Province affecting rat lungs*

    OpenAIRE

    Fongmoon, Duriya; Pongnikorn, Surathat; Chaisena, Aphiruk; Iamsaard, Sitthichai

    2014-01-01

    Background: Lung cancer ranks as the fifth largest of all cancer cases in Thailand. However, it is the first leading cancer in the northern part of Thailand (data from 2003–2007). There are several predisposing causes that lead to lung cancer and one important inducement is particulate matters (PMs). Lampang Province in Thailand is famous for the ceramic industry, where there are over 200 ceramic industrial factories. PMs are produced during the ceramic manufacturing process and spread thro...

  2. Sponge assemblage of some Upper Permian reef limestones from Phrae province (Northern Thailand)

    OpenAIRE

    Baba Senowbari-Daryan; Rucha Ingavat-Helmcke

    1994-01-01

    The sponge fauna of uppermost Permian reef or reefal limestones of the Phrae province in northern Thailand include representatives of hexactinellida, sclerospongea,"sphinctozoans", and "inozoans". The "sphinctozoans" and "inozoans"are described in detail. Following taxa are new:"Sphinctozoans": Phraethalamia tubulara n. gen., n. sp., Ambithalamia pérmican. gen., n. sp."Inozoans": Bisiphonella tubulara n. sp., Solutossaspongia crassimuralis n.gen., n. sp.The genus name Belyaevaspongia nom. no...

  3. Spatial Diffusion of Influenza Outbreak-Related Climate Factors in Chiang Mai Province, Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Marc Souris; Taravudh Tipdecho; Supachai Nakapan; Nitin Kumar Tripathi

    2012-01-01

    Influenza is one of the most important leading causes of respiratory illness in the countries located in the tropical areas of South East Asia and Thailand. In this study the climate factors associated with influenza incidence in Chiang Mai Province, Northern Thailand, were investigated. Identification of factors responsible for influenza outbreaks and the mapping of potential risk areas in Chiang Mai are long overdue. This work examines the association between yearly climate patterns between...

  4. Physical and chemical characteristics of thermal springs in the Waterberg area in Limpopo Province, South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Walt, Izak J.; Olivier, J.; Niekerk, H. J.

    2008-01-01

    The Limpopo Province in South Africa is richly endowed with thermal springs. Some have been developed for recreational, tourism or other purposes, while a number remain completely undeveloped. If the full economic potential of springs can be realised in a sustainable manner, they could make a substantial contribution to the local or even regional economy. The optimal use of a thermal spring is largely dependent upon its physical and chemical characteristics. This article focuses on the temper...

  5. Analysis of fibrous zeolites in the volcanic deposits of the Viterbo Province, Italy

    OpenAIRE

    Cattaneo, Andrea; Pasquare, Giorgio; Cavallo, Domenico Maria Guido

    2011-01-01

    Since Etrurian age, the Viterbo Province (Central Italy) is famous for its ancient towns carved out of local ignimbrite deposits which geologically represent the sedimentation of pumice-rich, volcano-related pyroclastic flows. Almost the entire study area is geologically characterized by a thick succession of ignimbrites, tephra fallouts and lava flow deposits locally subjected to zeolitization. Among zeolites, fibrous erionite represents a well-known health hazard and so this work aims at lo...

  6. Generating Capacity Analysis of Solar Thermal and PV Power Plants in Jiayuguan of Gansu Province

    OpenAIRE

    Yong-Sheng Hu; Rong-Rong Zhai; Yong-Ping Yang; Qin Yan

    2013-01-01

    In the study, three different solar power generating systems (including solar thermal and PV) are analyzed, according to same climate data in Jiayuguan, Gansu province. Solar parabolic trough and tower thermal power systems are selected as typical thermal system. Parabolic trough system and polycrystalline silicon cell are maturity and popularized in the world and tower system is developed to commercial stage in recent year. Then calculated and analyzed the...

  7. Causes of forest conflicts : Case study of three districts in Lam Dong province, Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Phuong Thi

    2012-01-01

    It is said that examining the cause of natural conflict is not easy because conflict is not only complex issue but also involves in various factors and actors. Determining reason of contestation over natural resources brings significance not only for researcher but also for natural resource managers. Therefore, purpose of this study is to determine main causes of forest conflicts in three districts of Lam Dong province, Vietnam. By involvement of unequal distribution of benefit sharing derive...

  8. Eradication of Bactrocera invadens (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Limpopo Province, South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Hattingh, V.; Manrakhan, A.; Venter, Johannes Hendrik; Holtzhausen, M.

    2011-01-01

    On 5 May 2010, Bactrocera invadens Drew, Tsuruta & White was detected in a methyl eugenol-baited surveillance trap in the northernmost part of the Limpopo Province in South Africa, an area adjacent to the Zimbabwe border. A delimiting survey was carried out to determine extent of spread in the area by trapping with both methyl eugenol and Biolure-3-component lures. A quarantine area of approximately 1100 km2 (surrounding the area of detection) was implemented to regulate movement of host frui...

  9. An assessment of biodiversity surrogacy options in the Limpopo Province of South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Jaarsveld, A. S.; Wessels, K. J.; Reyers, B.

    2011-01-01

    Because of the inadequacy of existing biodiversity distribution data, surrogate measures for regional biodiversity have long been used in conservation area selection. These measures include species and environmental data. However, the assumed relationship between surrogate measures and regional biodiversity has seldom been demonstrated. This study uses species and environmental surrogates (vegetation and landtypes) in selecting areas for conservation in the Limpopo Province of South Africa. T...

  10. Lithospheric mantle evolution monitored by overlapping large igneous provinces: Case study in southern Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jourdan, F.; Bertrand, H.; Féraud, G.; Le Gall, B.; Watkeys, M. K.

    2009-02-01

    Most of the studies on the large igneous provinces (LIPs) focus on Phanerozoic times, and in particular, those related to the disruption of Pangea (e.g. CAMP, Karoo, Parana-Etendeka) while Precambrian LIPs (e.g. Ventersdorpf, Fortescue) remain less studied. Although the investigation of Precambrian LIPs is difficult because they are relatively poorly preserved, assessment of their geochemical characteristics in parallel with younger overlapping LIP is fundamental for monitoring the evolution of the mantle composition through time. Recent 40Ar/ 39Ar dating of the Okavango giant dyke swarm (and related sills) in southern Africa showed that ~ 90% of the dykes were emplaced at 179 ± 1 Ma and belong to the Karoo large igneous province whereas ~ 10% of dykes yielded Proterozoic ages (~ 1-1.1 Ga). Here, we provide new major, trace and rare earth elements analyses of the low-Ti Proterozoic Okavango dyke swarm (PODS) that suggest, combined with age data, a cognate origin with the 1.1 Ga Umkondo large igneous province (UIP), southern Africa. The geochemical characteristics of the PODS and UIP basalts are comparable to those of overlapping low-Ti Karoo basalts, and suggest that both LIPs were derived from similar enriched mantle sources. A mantle plume origin for these LIPs is not easily reconciled with the geochemical dataset and the coincidence of two compositionally similar mantle plumes acting 900 Myr apart is unlikely. Instead, we propose that the Umkondo and Karoo large igneous provinces monitored the slight evolution of a shallow enriched lithospheric mantle from Proterozoic to Jurassic.

  11. An evaluation of the implementation of tuberculosis policies at a regional hospital in the Limpopo Province

    OpenAIRE

    Tr, Luhaiima

    2008-01-01

    Thé current rate of tuberculosis infections as a result of new infections, as well as reinfections of patients is of concern to the disease control and policy-making bodies of South Africa. Questions regarding the effectiveness of tuberculosis policies and programmes emerge all the time. This study intended to evaluate the extent to which tuberculosis policies are implemented in a regional hospital in the Vhembe district in the Limpopo Province.

  12. Concepts and treatment for diabetes among traditional and faith healers in the Northern Province, South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Peltzer, K.; Lb, Khoza; Me, Lekhuleni; Sn, Madu; Vi, Cherian; Cherian, L.

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to assess the concepts and treatment modalities for diabetes among traditional and faith healers in the Northern Province in South Africa. The sample consisted of 50 traditional healers (13 females and 37 males) and 50 faith healers (12 females and 38 males). They were interviewed on local terminology, clinical manifestations, causes, curability, and treatment for diabetes, help-seeking behaviour of diabetes patients, and the healers’ sources of information abou...

  13. Vulnerability assessment of storm surges in the coastal area of Guangdong Province

    OpenAIRE

    Li, K.; Li, G. S.

    2011-01-01

    Being bordered by the South China Sea and with long coastline, the coastal zone of Guangdong Province is often under severe risk of storm surges, as one of a few regions in China which is seriously threatened by storm surges. This article systematically analyzes the vulnerability factors of storm surges in the coastal area of Guangdong (from Yangjing to Shanwei). Five vulnerability assessment indicators of hazard-bearing bodies are proposed, which are social economic index, land use index, ec...

  14. Knowledge, attitude and practice towards zoonoses among public health workers in Nyanza province, Kenya

    OpenAIRE

    Darryn Knobel; Job Wasonga; Gamaliel Omondi; Eric Ogola; Peter Omemo

    2012-01-01

    We sought to determine the knowledge and attitude of public health workers (PHWs) with respect to emerging and re-emerging zoonotic diseases and the practice of one health approach in the surveillance of zoonoses in the community. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 12 randomly selected districts of Nyanza province, Kenya. One hundred and ten randomly-selected PHWs were assessed using a structured questionnaire. Data were collected on their knowledge, attitudes and practices about common...

  15. Spatial Agglomeration and Productivity of Textile and Leather Manufacturing in the Punjab Province of Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Asim Iqba; Muhammad Wasif Siddiqi

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates whether spatial agglomeration of textile and leather industry facilitates to enhance its own productivity at establishment level in the Punjab province of Pakistan. The empirical analysis is based on the survey data for the years 1995-96, 2000-2001 and 2005-06 collected from the Punjab Bureau of Statistics (PBS). The production function framework has been utilized. The results of production function suggest that spatial agglomeration of textile and leather industry pla...

  16. Clinical and serological study of myasthenia gravis in HuBei Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, X.; Yang, M.; Xu, J.; Zhang, M.; Lang, B.; Wang, W.; Vincent, A.

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Ocular and childhood myasthenia gravis (MG) cases seem relatively more common in Oriental than in Caucasian populations, but there have been no comprehensive serological studies on patients from mainland China. METHODS: 391 unselected patients with MG attending Tongji Hospital in WuHan (the largest hospital in the province of HuBei, China) were studied during a 15-month period; most had already received treatment for their condition. RESULTS: The male to female ratio was 0.8. 50% ...

  17. Typology of shrimp farming in Bac Lieu Province, Mekong Delta, using multivariate statistics

    OpenAIRE

    Joffre, O. M.; Bosma, R. H.

    2009-01-01

    This study aims to update the typology of shrimp farms in a province of the Mekong Delta's coastal area. We analyzed technical and economic characteristics of 170 farms using factor and cluster analysis on the different variables collected during the survey. This allowed us to characterize four different shrimp production systems: intensive commercial and intensive family farms, and the more extensive brackish water polyculture and rice–shrimp farms. The systems differed in their level of i...

  18. [Discourse on the establishment of rural medical course in Zouping County, Shandong province by Liang Shuming].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, H

    1995-01-01

    As early as 1930's, Mr. Liang Shuming established a sanitation hospital in the county experimental construction area of Zouping, Shandong province and designed a three-tier model for rural health care. He also explored the way of establishing the health care for rural maternity and children's school hygiene, public health care and itinerant medical care. All of these exert profound influence which is still active and feasible even today. PMID:11639631

  19. "Growth Chart Study in Children Under 5 Years Old in Rural Area of Khoramabad Province"

    OpenAIRE

    Majlesi, F.; Nikpoor, B.; Golestan, B.; Sadre, F.

    2001-01-01

    Growth chart is the best measure for weight monitoring of children. Most factors that affect child heath show their effect on child weight. This cross sectional and descriptive analytical study was achieved to estimate malnutrition prevalence and effective factors in children under 5 years old in rural area of Khoramabad province. 555 girls and 570 boys were chosen from health houses by cluster sampling. Data were gathered through questionnaires. verbal interviews and child weighing. Nutritio...

  20. Refugees’ perceptions regarding HIV and AIDS in Ba-Phalaborwa Municipality in Limpopo Province

    OpenAIRE

    Elizabeth Nkwinika; Khoza, Lunic B.; Lebese, Rachel T.; Shilubane, Hildah N.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV and AIDS) remain a serious threat to population health and economic well-being of individuals in conflict societies. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is overwhelmingly affected by HIV and is the region with the highest number of armed conflicts worldwide. Aim: The research aimed at exploring and describing the perceptions of the refugees at Humulani Village in Ba-Phalaborwa municipality, Limpopo province, about H...