WorldWideScience

Sample records for jeonbuk province 1979-1980

  1. 2008 Program for Invitation of Foreign Research Institutes to Jeonbuk Province and Enhancement of Technology Transfer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This project was carried out to establish long-term tactical partnership with foreign research institutions for technology exchanges and facilities, and to develop cooperation projects for the core technology. Technical bases for inviting foreign R and D centers to Jeonbuk province has been established through consulting discussion and signing arrangement on cooperation between ARTI and the partner institute. Discussion in-depth on an R and D center of Russian IBMP in Jeonbuk has been made and an agendum for the R and D center was submitted to the 13th Korea-Russian Federation Joint Committee on Nuclear Cooperation. Based on consensus that technology exchange and enhanced collaboration would be reciprocally beneficial, the second ARTI-TARRI joint seminar is scheduled at Jeongeup in September 2009, when further discussion will be made on the subsidiary arrangement to KAERI-JAEA MOU. An consultant meeting was done in order to strengthen international cooperation and to get advice on attracting foreign R and D centers at the Provincial Office in May 2009. A fact finding visit to iThemba LABS in south Africa was made to conclude a Letter of Understanding (LOU) for cooperation in R and D of radioisotopes and radiopharmaceuticals. The established collaborative relationship with world-leading research institutes such as IBMP, TARRI and iThemba LABS can make a role for inviting in the near future foreign R and D centers to Jeonbuk Province, and surely give a tactical influence on radiation industries in the Jeonbuk Province

  2. Progress report 1979 - 1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experimental and theoretical results are reported obtained by staff of the IPP-Prague in the years 1979-1980 concerning high-frequency heating of plasma in tokamaks, interaction of relativistic electron beams with a plasma, and applied plasma physics. Preliminary experiments on additional hf heating in a small TM-1-MH tokamak and the new data acquisition and processing system Andromeda are described in Chapter 2. In Chapter 3 the specifications of the high-power electron accelerator REBEX 2 and some of the applied diagnostic systems (X-ray detectors and equipment for the Thomson scattering of laser light) are described in detail. Work in applied plasma physics is concentrated to thin film formation and plasma chemistry (Chpt.4). In theoretical papers in the last chapter several interesting questions of high-frequency plasma heating and beam plasma interaction are discussed (e.g., particle transport in hf-heated plasma, reflexing electron beam phenomena, particle trapping). (;.U.)

  3. Biology and medicine division annual report, 1979-1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Progress for 1979-1980 is reported from the following research groups and/or areas: research medicine; Donner Pavilion; Peralta Cancer Research Institute; environmental physiology; radiation biophysics and structural biophysics. Abstracts have been prepared for the 61 separate research programs described in this report for inclusion in the Energy Data Base

  4. Embryo culture in teratological surveillance and serum proteins in development. Progress report, 1979-1980

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klein, N.W.

    1980-07-01

    Research progress for the period 1979-1980 is reported. The feasibility of using rat embryo cultures to test the teratogenic activity of serum was studied. The mechanisms regulating the synthesis of serum proteins were investigated. (ACR)

  5. Detection of Tick-Borne Pathogens in the Korean Water Deer (Hydropotes inermis argyropus) from Jeonbuk Province, Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seong, Giyong; Han, Yu-Jung; Oh, Sung-Suck; Chae, Joon-Seok; Yu, Do-Hyeon; Park, Jinho; Park, Bae-Keun; Yoo, Jae-Gyu; Choi, Kyoung-Seong

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of tick-borne pathogens in the Korean water deer (Hydropotes inermis argyropus). Pathogens were identified using PCR which included Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, Rickettsia, and Theileria. Rickettsia was not detected, whereas Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, and Theileria infections were detected in 4, 2, and 8 animals, respectively. The most prevalent pathogen was Theileria. Of the 8 Theileria-positive animals, 2 were mixed-infected with 3 pathogens (Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, and Theileria) and another 2 animals showed mixed-infection with 2 pathogens (Anaplasma and Theileria). Sequencing analysis was used to verify the PCR results. The pathogens found in this study were identified as Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Ehrlichia canis, and Theileria sp. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report identifying these 3 pathogens in the Korean water deer. Our results suggest that the Korean water deer may serve as a major reservoir for these tick-borne pathogens, leading to spread of tick-borne diseases to domestic animals, livestock, and humans. Further studies are needed to investigate their roles in this respect. PMID:26537046

  6. Detection of Tick-Borne Pathogens in the Korean Water Deer (Hydropotes inermis argyropus) from Jeonbuk Province, Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seong, Giyong; Han, Yu-Jung; Oh, Sung-Suck; Chae, Joon-Seok; Yu, Do-Hyeon; Park, Jinho; Park, Bae-Keun; Yoo, Jae-Gyu; Choi, Kyoung-Seong

    2015-10-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of tick-borne pathogens in the Korean water deer (Hydropotes inermis argyropus). Pathogens were identified using PCR which included Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, Rickettsia, and Theileria. Rickettsia was not detected, whereas Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, and Theileria infections were detected in 4, 2, and 8 animals, respectively. The most prevalent pathogen was Theileria. Of the 8 Theileria-positive animals, 2 were mixed-infected with 3 pathogens (Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, and Theileria) and another 2 animals showed mixed-infection with 2 pathogens (Anaplasma and Theileria). Sequencing analysis was used to verify the PCR results. The pathogens found in this study were identified as Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Ehrlichia canis, and Theileria sp. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report identifying these 3 pathogens in the Korean water deer. Our results suggest that the Korean water deer may serve as a major reservoir for these tick-borne pathogens, leading to spread of tick-borne diseases to domestic animals, livestock, and humans. Further studies are needed to investigate their roles in this respect. PMID:26537046

  7. Annual report 1979/1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The annual report concentrates result of investigations in the field of the production of radioisotopes, the synthesis of radioactive compounds and their characterization. Main topics are the production of 99Mo and the application of radioactive compounds in nuclear medicine especially as radiopharmaceuticals. A list of publications and lectures is enclosed. (author)

  8. Progress report for 1979-1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This basically administrative report describes research in the following areas: ?-neon interactions at 200 GeV; direct ? and e+e- pair production; studies of photon production in 16-GeV/c ?+-p interactions; ?-p interactions at 20 GeV; and computer and hardware development. References are given to published work. An expenditure statement is included

  9. Department of Atomic Energy [India]: Annual report 1979-1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The work of the research establishments, projects undertaken and public sector undertakings of the Department of Atomic Energy during the financial year 1979-80 is surveyed. The research and development activities of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre at Bombay, the Reactor Research Centre at Kalpakkam, the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research at Bombay, the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics at Calcutta and the Tata Memorial Centre at Bombay are described. An account of the progress of heavy water production plant projects, the Madras and Narora Atomic Power Projects, the MHD project and the 100 MW thermal research reactor R-5 Project at Trombay is given. Performance of the Tarapur and Rajasthan Atomic Power Stations, Nuclear Fuel Complex at Hyderabad, Atomic Minerals Division, ISOMED (the radiation sterilisation plant for medical products) at Bombay, the Indian Rare Earths Ltd., the Uranium Corporation of India Ltd., and the Electronics Corporation of India Ltd., Hyderabad is reported. (M.G.B.)

  10. Medical and Health Sciences Division research report, 1979-1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Medical and Health Sciences Division conducts research programs relevant to neoplastic, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, and cardiovascular diseases. Basic biological science, nuclear medicine, and epidemiology provide an integrated approach to solving biomedical problems directly related to occupational medicine and environmental health effects. The central theme of this research is focused on both the mechanisms and risk assessments of diseases caused by accidental exposure to chemical toxicants derived from fossil and synthetic fuels or to radiation. A major reorganizational change made this past year restructured the division into two branches. The environmental and health sciences branch contains a cancer and pulmonary research section, an interdisciplinary task group section, a cardiovascular research section, and a research support section. The radiation and nuclear medicine branch consists of a radiation and nuclear medicine section and an occupational epidemiology section. In addition, special task groups have been created to provide an interdisciplinary team approach in certain research efforts. Information included in this booklet summarizes research results and related activities for the period from October 1, 1979, to September 30, 1980

  11. Trace elements in oil shale. Progress report, 1979-1980

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chappell, W R

    1980-01-01

    The purpose of this research program is to understand the potential impact of an oil shale industry on environmental levels of trace contaminants in the region. The program involves a comprehensive study of the sources, release mechanisms, transport, fate, and effects of toxic trace chemicals, principally the trace elements, in an oil shale industry. The overall objective of the program is to evaluate the environmental and health consequences of the release of toxic trace elements by shale and oil production and use. The baseline geochemical survey shows that stable trace elements maps can be constructed for numerous elements and that the trends observed are related to geologic and climatic factors. Shale retorted by above-ground processes tends to be very homogeneous (both in space and in time) in trace element content. Leachate studies show that significant amounts of B, F, and Mo are released from retorted shales and while B and Mo are rapidly flushed out, F is not. On the other hand, As, Se, and most other trace elements are not present in significant quantities. Significant amounts of F and B are also found in leachates of raw shales. Very large concentrations of reduced sulfur species are found in leachates of processed shale. Very high levels of B and Mo are taken up in some plants growing on processed shale with and without soil cover. There is a tendency for some trace elements to associate with specific organic fractions, indicating that organic chelation or complexation may play an important role. Many of the so-called standard methods for analyzing trace elements in oil shale-related materials are inadequate. A sampling manual is being written for the environmental scientist and practicing engineer. A new combination of methods is developed for separating the minerals in oil shale into different density fractions. Microbial investigations have tentatively identified the existence of thiobacilli in oil shale materials such as leachates. (DC)

  12. Jiayuguan of Gansu Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong-Sheng Hu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the study, three different solar power generating systems (including solar thermal and PV are analyzed, according to same climate data in Jiayuguan, Gansu province. Solar parabolic trough and tower thermal power systems are selected as typical thermal system. Parabolic trough system and polycrystalline silicon cell are maturity and popularized in the world and tower system is developed to commercial stage in recent year. Then calculated and analyzed the generating capacity and economic characters of three power systems. The results can be used to support technology choice, operation and design optimization.

  13. Physics and medicine: the Bevatron/Bevalac experience, 1979-1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Heavy ion radiobiology has been integrated successfully into the research program at the Bevatron/Bevalac for the past several years. During the 1979 to 1980 year radiotherapy trials have been conducted side-by-side with the demanding program of heavy ion nuclear science research at this national facility. Careful attention is given to the scheduling of research on the SuperHILAC and Bevatron/Bevalac so that the nuclear science and biomedical programs at the Bevatron/Bevalac and the program at the SuperHILAC are served to maximum effect. Efforts to maximize the researchers' time have resulted in hardware, software, and operating improvements that offer a total machine availability of about 90% and a user availability of about 80%. Fast beam switching and beam sharing permit virtually simultaneous use of the Bevatron/Bevalac by two or more users. Current beam delivery systems will be augmented in FY 1981 to provide two ion energies per Bevatron/Bevalac pulse

  14. Levels of strontium 90 in the environment at PINSTECH (Period 1979-1980)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Strontium 90, a most toxic among the beta emitting radionuclides, is found in the environment originating mostly from the global fallout from nuclear tests. Radioactive concentration of this radionuclide was measured in air-borne particulates, precipitation, surface water, seasonal vegetables and other items of diet. The report describes a radiochemical procedure for the separation of Y 90 by solvent extraction leading to the determination of Sr 90 content in the environmental and biological samples. The report also presents data on the concentration of Sr 90 in the biomedia at PINSTECH during 1979-80. The values of these concentrations are fairly comparable to those published in the current literature. (author)

  15. Production of sugarcane and tropical grasses as renewable energy source. Third annual report, 1979-1980

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-01-01

    Research continued on tropical grasses from Saccharum and related genera as sources of intensively-propagated fiber and fermentable solids. Candidate screening for short-rotation grasses was expanded to include six sorghum x Sudan grass hybrids developed by the Dekalb Company. Sugacane and napier grass yield trends in year 3 include: (1) Increased yields with delay of harvest frequency; (2) lack of response to close spacing; (3) a superiority of napier grass over sugarcane when harvested at intervals of six months or less; and (4) a general superiority of the sugarcane variety NCo 310 over varieties PR 980 and PR 64-1791. Delayed tasseling of a wild, early-flowering S. spontaneum hybrid enabled three crosses to be made in December using commercial hybrids as female parents. Approximately 1000 seedlings were produced. The first field-scale minimum tillage experiment was completed. Sordan 77 produced 2.23 OD tons/acre/10 weeks, with winter growing conditions and a total moisture input of 4.75 inches. Mechanization trials included successful planting of napier grass with a sugarcane planter, and the mowing, solar-drying, and round--baling of napier grass aged three to six months. Production-cost and energy-balance studies were initiated during year 3 using first-ratoon data for intensively propagated sugarcane. Preliminary cost estimates for energy cane (sugarcane managed for total biomass rather than sucrose) were in the order of $25.46/OD ton, or about $1.70/mm Btus.

  16. Studies in iodine metabolism. Progress report and publications, 1979-1980

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Middlesworth, L

    1980-01-01

    Research programs for the years 1978-1980 is reported. The following subject areas are discussed: (1) iodine 131 monitoring in thyroids of sheep, cattle and humans; (2) radium monitoring in cattle thyroids; (3) the relationship of thyroid function to seizures in rats; (4) the effect of KSCN on thyroglobulin in mice; and (5) studies on excessive iodide intake. (ACR)

  17. Studies in iodine metabolism. Progress report and publications, 1979-1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Research programs for the years 1978-1980 is reported. The following subject areas are discussed: (1) iodine 131 monitoring in thyroids of sheep, cattle and humans; (2) radium monitoring in cattle thyroids; (3) the relationship of thyroid function to seizures in rats; (4) the effect of KSCN on thyroglobulin in mice; and (5) studies on excessive iodide intake

  18. Progress report on research program in elementary particle theory, 1979-1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A qualitative description is given of research in the following areas: particle physics in relativistic astrophysics and cosmology; phenomenology of weak and electromagnetic interactions; strong interaction physics and quark-parton physics; quantum mechanics, quantum field theory, and fundamental problems; and groups, gauges, and grand unified theories. Reports on this work have already been published, or will be, when it is completed

  19. Environment Health & Safety Research Program. Organization and 1979-1980 Publications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1981-01-01

    This document was prepared to assist readers in understanding the organization of Pacific Northwest Laboratory, and the organization and functions of the Environment, Health and Safety Research Program Office. Telephone numbers of the principal management staff are provided. Also included is a list of 1979 and 1980 publications reporting on work performed in the Environment, Health and Safety Research Program, as well as a list of papers submitted for publication.

  20. A good example. Sichuan province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, J

    1994-03-01

    More than 15 million men have been sexually sterilized in Sichuan Province since the end of 1991. This represents the largest number of male sterilization cases among all cities and provinces in China, and accounts for more than 47% of all such cases in China and 24% worldwide. Male sterilization in the province takes much credit for the currently low 2.1 rate of total fertility in Sichuan Province. The provincial birth rate and natural growth rate are also both lower than current national averages. Even though men were initially afraid of not being able to have sex after sterilization, no longer being able to work, and genital mutilation by incompetent operating doctors, encouraging publicity and some outstanding example-setting eventually brought widespread public acceptance of the procedure to the general population. Publicity stressed that married men are responsible for family planning and that male sterilization is easier, safer, and cheaper than other contraceptive alternatives. Moreover, 90% of Party members in the city of Deyang volunteered to be sterilized, thus demonstrating that the operation does not affect one's daily life. The invention of the non-scalpel male sterilization method and the injection method blocking the spermatic duct also boosted method acceptance. PMID:12287770

  1. Neotectonics in the maritime provinces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seismic risk assessment in the Maritime Provinces requires input from not just historical, but also geological sources. A detailed search through published and unpublished geological literature reveals many examples - some probable, some possible -of neotectonic movement in the area. Examples range in tectonic significance from those that reflect exaggerated local imbalance to those that signify deep-seated stress. Evidence for neotectonism in the Maritimes is multidisciplined. It includes deformation in bedrock and quaternary deposits, and regional warping. Recent movement also is indicated by changes in relative sea level, in situ stress fields and geodetic fluctuations. Finally, and most unequivocally, neotectonism in the Maritime Provinces is manifested as the seismic events that have sporadically affected the area throughout its recent geological history, and continue up to the present day. 288 refs

  2. Transamazonic foundation from Borborema Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Geochronological data obtained in plutonic rocks of the Sao Vicente/Caico Groups present U/Pb values around 2.15 Ga. These rocks may have involved from an initial mantle or lower crust melting and fractionation process by 2.62-2.65 Ga., that is evidenced from Sm/Nd model ages. Relation betwen TTG-sequence and tectonic setting of the area and other localities in NE-Brazil suggest that the Transamazonic orogeny was the main crust-forming episode of the Borborema Province. (author)

  3. Floristic Lichen Records from Usak Province, Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    K. Kinalioglu

    2008-01-01

    A contribution to the lichen flora of Turkey presented. A total of 123 lichen species belonging to Ascomycotina are reported from 7 different localities in Usak Province in the Aegean Region of Turkey. Of these, 115 are new for Usak Province. For every each species, the habitat pattern and distribution data are presented.

  4. Customary Homicides in Diyarbakir Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Eyyup; Canturk, Nergis; Erkol, Zerrin; Kumral, Bahadir; Okumus, Ali M

    2015-09-01

    This study presents an analysis of the causes of so-called honor killings in the context of "customary homicide" and a discussion of preventive measures. Finalized case files of customary homicide between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2012 were retrospectively examined in Diyarbakir Province, Turkey. Of a total of 28 case victims, 17 (60.7%) were females and 11 (39.3%) were males. All perpetrators were male. There was a significant difference between male and female victims in terms of economic independence (p=0.000). A direct blood relationship or relationship by marriage (such as brother-in-law) was found to have a significant association with the gender of the victim (psociety, replacement of patriarchal models with more modern attitudes, and encouragement of individuality may represent effective strategies that may help reduce the number of customary homicide, which represents a multifaceted problem. PMID:25921219

  5. Aves, province of Guizhou, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen, G.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available We report our inventories of birds observed and collected at three field sites from the province of Guizhou,southeastern China. Our findings detailed herein complement our previous ornithological surveys from Guangxiprovince, as part of a comprehensive biotic survey of the region. Of 153 total bird species recorded, 17 were new for theprovince, among which several taxa of conservational importance, such as: Golden Pheasant Crysolophus pictus,Tawny Fish-Owl Ketupa flavipes, Black-breasted Thrush Turdus dissimilis, Fujian Flycatcher Niltava davidii, RedtailedLaughingthrush Garrulax milnei, and Slaty Bunting Latoucheornis siemsseni. These records provide the mostrecent insight into the current status of the habitats and the avian biodiversity of an important, yet sparsely surveyed andreported biogeographic region.

  6. Potential uranium provinces in some arabian countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work represents an attempt to delineate potential uranium provinces in some Arabian countries using various related recognition criteria. Definition of these provinces is based on the available geologic and tectonic setting beside geochronological sequence and some geochemical characteristics. This trial would be of a great help for interchanging the ideas and necessary data for the development in the fields of uranium exploration and production. As a result of this study, a number of promising potential uranium provinces are recommended in some arabian countries. 5 figs

  7. Isostatic model for the Tharsis province, Mars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A crust-upper mantle configuration is proposed for the Tharsis province of Mars which is isostatic and satisfies the observed gravity data. The model is that of a low density upper mantle compensating loads at both the surface and crust-mantle boundary. Solutions are found for lithospheric thickness greater than about 300 km, for which the stress differences are less than 750 bars. This model for Tharsis is similar to the compensation mechanism under the Basin and Range province of the western United States. These provinces also compare favorably in the sense that they are both elevated regions of extensional tectonics and extensive volcanism

  8. Analysis of the structural parameters that influence gas production from the Devonian shale. Annual progress report, 1979-1980. Volume III. Data repository and reports published during fiscal year 1979-1980: production, unsponsored research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Negus-De Wys, J.; Dixon, J. M.; Evans, M. A.; Lee, K. D.; Ruotsala, J. E.; Wilson, T. H.; Williams, R. T.

    1980-10-01

    This document consists of the following papers: inorganic geochemistry studies of the Eastern Kentucky Gas Field; lithology studies of upper Devonian well cuttings in the Eastern Kentucky Gas Field; possible effects of plate tectonics on the Appalachian Devonian black shale production in eastern Kentucky; preliminary depositional model for upper Devonian Huron age organic black shale in the Eastern Kentucky Gas Field; the anatomy of a large Devonian black shale gas field; the Cottageville (Mount Alto) Gas Field, Jackson County, West Virginia: a case study of Devonian shale gas production; the Eastern Kentucky Gas Field: a geological study of the relationships of Ohio Shale gas occurrences to structure, stratigraphy, lithology, and inorganic geochemical parameters; and a statistical analysis of geochemical data for the Eastern Kentucky Gas Field.

  9. Geologic Provinces of the Arctic, 2000 (prvarcst)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This coverage includes arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe Arctic portion of the U.S. Geological Survey defined geologic provinces of the World in 2000.

  10. Projections for Tourism Investments in Karaman Province

    OpenAIRE

    Mete Sezgin; Semih Buyukipekci; Murat Gumus

    2014-01-01

    Touristic investments play an important role in marketing the tourism in Karaman province. The main reason whythis study is conducted in this region with a high tourism potential is that Karaman province does not have atourism investment guide prepared so far. Our projections will serve for this purpose. In this study, touristicfunction ratio, hotel management function ratio, product-market analysis, perception map throughmulti-dimensional scaling method and TOPSIS method have been used.

  11. Analysis of Shannxi Province of Young Talents

    OpenAIRE

    Dong Xiaojing; Wuguangrong

    2013-01-01

    Scientists is the key to stimulate economic progress. First, in Shannxi Province the paper describes the distribution of young technology rising star winners since 2009, second, it uses the SWOT method to analyze the status of these talents. Finally, it suggests the Shaanxi province government should protect the young scientists, providing them with the superior treatment, a favorable political environment and exceptional room for improvement.

  12. An ethnobotanical survey on hormozgan province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid Safa

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The present study is based on an ethnobotanical research project conducted in Hormozgan province that is located in south of Iran, bordering waters of the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. This survey was carried out in order to recover the ethnobotanical and ethnomedicinal knowledge of the residents of this province. They are using medicinal and functional plants for treating or preventing several diseases. Materials and Methods: Ethnobotanical data sheets were run with the native inhabitants and people of the province by arranging frequent field trips to different parts of the province and direct interviews with them especially those who were more familiar with the plants and their usage.Results: A total of 150 plant species belonging to 53 families were recorded for their ethnobotanical and ethnomedicinal uses among the people of province. The records were developed by scientific names, family names, local names, medicinal parts used, different ways of their application, and traditional uses of the plants. There was high compliance in the use of plants in painful disorders, gastrointestinal, and dermatological diseases.Conclusion: This study revealed that the people of Hormozgan province have a rich knowledge of natural resources. The use and consumption of medicinal plants are still important parts of their life. Rational use of native medicinal plants may benefit and improve their living standards and quality of life. The results of this study can be used as a basis for selecting herbs for further pharmacological, phytochemical, and pharmacognostical studies.

  13. Summary of channel catfish and rainbow trout production at the Gallatin Waste Heat Aquaculture Facility, 1979-1980

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Collins, C.M.; Schweinforth, R.L.; Burton, G.L.

    1984-02-01

    These studies have indicated that channel catfish and rainbow trout can be intensively cultured in concrete raceways using waste heat effluent water from the Gallatin Steam Plant. Optimum production was attained, especially with channel catfish, when desirable water temperatures and proper environmental conditions occurred. High density culture is possible during the winter and early spring months.

  14. Physico-chemical investigation of some areas of fundamental significance to biophysics. Annual report, 1979-1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    All projects listed in this report have been submitted for publication as journal articles or DOE reports. Projects include: McGlynn, S.P., Felps, W.S. and Scott, J.D., Molecular Rydberg Transitions. XVIII. Vibronic Doubling in Methyl Iodide; Findley, G.L. and McGlynn, S.P., The Generalized Genetic Code. A Modification of Code Universality; Findley, G.L. and McGlynn, S.P., Fundamental Spectroscopic Studies of Some Atmospheric Pollutants; McGlynn, S.P., Azumi, T. and Kumar, D., The Colors of Post-Transition-Metal Salts; Lewis, J.W., Nauman, R.V., Boulder, D.B., Jr. and McGlynn, S.P., Molecular Rydberg Transitions. XIX. Low-Energy Rydberg States of Azulene; Felps, W.S., Scott, J.D., and McGlynn, S.P., Molecular Rydberg Transitions. XX. Vibronic Doubling in Alkyl Bromides; Felps, W.S. and McGlynn, S.P., Molecular Rydberg Transitions. XXI. Intermediate Coupling in Simple Bromides; McGlynn, S.P. and Felps, W.S., Molecular Rydberg Transitions. XXII. The ? ? 4s Transition of ClCN; Chattopadhyay, S., McGlynn, S.P. and Findley, G.L., Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Phosphites, Phosphates and Substituted Phosphates; and Scott, John D., A Perturbed Linear Molecule Model for the Spectroscopy of Almost Linear Molecules

  15. Combined macroscopic and microscopic approach to the fracture of metals. Technical annual progress report, 1979-1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The following results are reported: (1) extremely good theoretical-experimental correlation was found between our theoretical predictions based on asymptotic analysis with numerical finite element studies and the experimentally monitored crack growth for a large range of stable crack growth in 4140 steel; (2) a theoretical model was developed for the critical conditions of crack initiation at rigid particles as a precursor of ductile rupture in steels; (3) as part of environmentally sensitive fracture mechanisms, it was found that hydrogen can promote a ductile-to-brittle fracture transition with increasing charging current density in low carbon steel; and (4) a new variational principle has been established for the combined processes of plastic creep flow and grain boundary diffusion and has been constructively applied to the problem of cavity growth under creep conditions

  16. Factors associated with mortality and treatment costs in feedlot calves: the Bruce County Beef Project, years 1978, 1979, 1980.

    OpenAIRE

    Martin, S. W.; Meek, A H; Davis, D. G.; Johnson, J. A.; Curtis, R A

    1982-01-01

    Three years of data on factors associated with death losses and health costs in Ontario feedlot calves were analyzed. The results support the previously reported findings; however, significant differences in the third year (1980-81) of the study were noted. Calf groups that were "mixed" after arrival in the feedlot or had a larger than average number of calves (means = 142) had increased death losses and health costs. Calf groups whose ration was changed from dry hay to hay silage or corn sil...

  17. Epidemiology of Ectopic Pregnancy in Hamadan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Shobeiri

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: The blastocyst implantation in any place other than uterus cavity endometrium is called ectopic pregnancy. The prevalence of ectopic pregnancy is different in various countries. This study has been conducted to investigate the epidemiology of ectopic pregnancy in Hamadan province during 2000-2010.Materials and Methods: The present study is a retrospective descriptive study. The data on 872 ectopic pregnancies were extracted by questionnaires from the files in the records department of hospitals and delivery centers in Hamadan province during 2000-2010. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the obtained data were analyzed using SPSS-16 software.Results: The frequency of ectopic pregnancy in Hamadan province during 2000-2010 was averagely 2.6 per 1000 pregnancies. Tubal pregnancy with 95.2% is the most prevalent type of ectopic pregnancy most of which had occurred in the right tube (52.4%. Most ectopic pregnancies (52.2% were in the age group of 25-34.Conclusion: The prevalence of ectopic pregnancy in Hamadan province during the mentioned years has been 2.6 in 1000 pregnancies, which is lower compared to many existing data. However, the prevalence of ectopic pregnancy in this province has increased over time, so that it has become 3.3 times as much from 2000-2010.

  18. Payenia volcanic province, southern Mendoza, Argentina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søager, Nina; Holm, Paul Martin; Llambias, Eduardo Jorge

    2013-01-01

    The Pleistocene to Holocene Payenia volcanic province is a backarc region of 60,000 km2 in Mendoza, Argentina, which is dominated by transitional to alkaline basalts and trachybasalts. We present major and trace element compositions of 139 rocks from this area of which the majority are basaltic rocks with 4 to 12 wt.% MgO and 44 to 50 wt.% SiO2. The southern Payenia province is dominated by intraplate basalts and the trace element patterns of the Río Colorado and Payún Matrú lavas suggest little...

  19. Sedimentary rocks Uranium in Cerro Largo Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the aim of the uranium minerals exploration has been carried out several studies by UTE technicians in Cerro Largo Province from 1968 to 1969. In uranium concentration has been found pyrite, phosphate, iron oxides and manganese in uranium. Furthermore in La Divisa Ore were studied concentration Uranium enrichment has been studied in La Divisa ore

  20. Cogeneration opportunities in the maritime provinces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the arrival of natural gas in New Brunswick in November 1999, the province will be faced with new power generation development opportunities in four different categories of power projects. These include industrial self generation (including cogeneration), merchant power plants, power projects to replace aging facilities, and power projects to help meet future environmental needs. New Brunswick's competitive advantage in harnessing the power generation development opportunities lies in the fact that it is close to major electricity markets in Quebec and New England. It also has many available generation sites. The province's many pulp and paper plants with large process steam needs are also ideal candidates for cogeneration. Some of the major competitive advantages of natural gas over coal are its lower operation and maintenance costs, it is thermally more efficient, produces lower emissions to the environment and prices are competitive. One of the suggestions in New Brunswick Power's new restructuring proposal is to unbundle electricity service in the province into generation and transmission and distribution services. Three gas-fired projects have already been proposed for the province. The 284 MW Bayside Power Project at the Courtenay Bay Generating Station is the most advanced

  1. Chikungunya Outbreak in Guangdong Province, China, 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Wu,; Wu, Jie; Zhang, Qiaoli; Zhong, Haojie; Ke, Changwen; Deng, Xiaoling; Guan, Dawei; Hui LI; Zhang, Yonghui; Zhou, Huiqiong; He, Jianfeng; Li, Linghui; Yang, Xingfen

    2012-01-01

    A disease outbreak with dengue-like symptoms was reported in Guangdong Province, China, in October 2010. Testing results confirmed that the pathogen causing the outbreak was chikungunya virus. Phylogenic analysis indicated that this virus was a member of the Indian Ocean clade of the East/Center/South African subgroup of chikungunya virus.

  2. Characterizing preventive activity in Camagüey province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernández, María

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the characteristic features of preventive activities within the System of Education at Camaguey province. This information herein gathers results from a research investigation project and might be of interest for teachers, principals and investigators as a professional tool.

  3. Human rabies in Zhejiang Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiangping Ren

    2015-09-01

    Conclusions: The majority of rabies cases occurred among 40–65-year-old male residents of northern, mid-west, and southeast Zhejiang Province. Further health education is needed to increase the coverage of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP in people exposed to possible rabid animals and rabies vaccine use in household animals.

  4. Tabanidae (Insecta: Diptera Fauna of Düzce Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferhat Altunsoy

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This faunistic study was carried out in Düzce province of Turkey in 2000, 2002 and 2007 years and 26 species belonging to Tabanidae family of Diptera were determined. The species; Chrysops caecutiens (L., 1761, C. flavipes Meig. 1804, Hybomitra ciureai (Seguy, 1937, Atylotus fulvus (Meig.,1820, A. loewianus (Vill., 1920, A. quadrifarius (Lw., 1874, Tabanus armeniacus (Kröb., 1928, T. autumnalis L., 1761, T. bifarius Lw., 1858, T. briani Lecl., 1962, T. bromius L., 1761, T. cordiger Meig., 1820, T. eggeri Schi., 1868, T. fraseri Aust., 1925, T. glaucopis Meig., 1820, T. indrae Haus., 1939, T. maculicornis Zett., 1842, T. sudeticus Zell., 1847, T. tergestinus Egg., 1859, T. miki Br., 1880, T. quatuornotatus Meig., 1820, T. spodopterus Meig., 1820, T. unifasciatus Lw., 1858, Philipomyia aprica (Meig., 1820; Haematopota italica Meig., 1804, H. pandazisi (Kröb., 1936. The species which have been identified except Tabanus bifarius are the first records for the province.

  5. An ethnobotanical survey on hormozgan province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid Safa

    2012-12-01

    Conclusion: This study revealed that the people of Hormozgan province have a rich knowledge of natural resources. The use and consumption of medicinal plants are still important parts of their life.Rational use of native medicinal plants may benefit and improve their living standards and quality of life. The results of this study can be used as a basis for selecting herbs for further pharmacological, phytochemical, and pharmacognostical studies.

  6. Dinoflagellates of the Trentino Province, Italy

    OpenAIRE

    Giovanna FLAIM; Hansen, Gert

    2007-01-01

    The Trentino Province (Italy) has more than 320 lakes diverse in size, geological substrate, altitude and trophic status, and representing most physico-chemical types of temperate lakes. A recent research project (SALTO) offered the opportunity to study the dinoflagellate flora of 27 of these water bodies representing all lake types. In this paper 34 taxa of dinoflagellates assigned to eight genera (Ceratium, Glenodiniopsis, Glochidinium, Gymnodinium, Gyrodinium, Peridinium, Peridiniopsis and...

  7. Preliminary subsurface hydrologic considerations: Columbia River Plateau physiographic province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Subsurface hydrologic conditions in the Pacific Northwest are strongly controlled by the structural and stratigraphic framework of subregions. A significant portion of the Pacific Northwest is underlain by the Columbia River Plateau basalt sequence. This discussion is limited to hydrologic conditions as they relate to the Columbia River Plateau physiographic province and specifically to the Pasco Basin in the central part of the province

  8. Province of Ontario nuclear emergency plan. Pt. 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Province of Ontario Nuclear Emergency Plan has been developed pursuant to Section 8 of the Emergency Plans Act, 1983. This plan replaces the Province of Ontario Nuclear Contingency Off-Site Plan (June 1980) which is no longer applicable. The wastes plan includes planning, preparation, emergency organization and operational responsibilities and policy

  9. [Current status of the uranium Issyk-Kul biogeochemical provinces].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    The article presents the current state (soil and vegetable covers, surface water) and problems in the Issyk-Kul uranium radiobiogeochemical province. On the territory of the biogeochemical province, the overall level of the background radiation and the radionuclide content are found to be within normal limits, except for some man-made and natural sites. PMID:25507626

  10. Measuring Convergence using Dynamic Equilibrium Models: Evidence from Chinese Provinces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pan, Lei; Posch, Olaf

    2012-01-01

    We propose a model to study economic convergence in the tradition of neoclassical growth theory. We employ a novel stochastic set-up of the Solow (1956) model with shocks to both capital and labor. Our novel approach identifies the speed of convergence directly from estimating the parameters which determine equilibrium dynamics. The inference on the structural parameters is done using a maximum-likelihood approach. We estimate our model using growth and population data for China’s provinces from 1978 to 2010. We report heterogeneity in the speed of convergence both across provinces and time. The Eastern provinces show a higher tendency of convergence, while there is no evidence of convergence for the Central and Western provinces. We find empirical evidence that the speed of convergence decreases over time for most provinces.

  11. Dengue virus serotype in Aceh Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paisal

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available WHO estimated 50 million dengue infections happen every year in the world. In Indonesia, there were 90,245 DHF cases on 2012 with 816 deaths. In the Province of Aceh, 2,269 cases happened in the same year. This study aimed to identify dengue virus serotype in Aceh. Sampling was done in Kota Banda Aceh Hospital, Kota Lhokseumawe Hospital, Kabupaten Aceh Tamiang Hospital, Kabupaten Aceh Barat Hospital, and Kabupaten Simeulue Hospital between May to December 2012. This was a clinical laboratory research with observation design using cross sectional approach. Research’s population was sample from patients with dengue clinical symptom. Using purposive sampling technique, we have collected 100 samples from the five hospitals (20 samples from each hospital. From RT-PCR, we found 16 positive samples (9 samples were DENV-4, 3 samples were DENV-1, 2 samples were DENV-2, and 2 samples were DENV-3.

  12. Large igneous provinces linked to supercontinent assembly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yu; Santosh, M.; Luo, Zhaohua; Hao, Jinhua

    2015-04-01

    Models for the disruption of supercontinents have considered mantle plumes as potential triggers for continental extension and the formation of large igneous provinces (LIPs). An alternative hypothesis of top-down tectonics links large volcanic eruptions to lithospheric delamination. Here we argue that the formation of several LIPs in Tarim, Yangtze, Lhasa and other terranes on the Eurasian continent was coeval with the assembly of the Pangean supercontinent, in the absence of plumes rising up from the mantle transition zone or super-plumes from the core-mantle boundary. The formation of these LIPs was accompanied by subduction and convergence of continents and micro-continents, with no obvious relation to major continental rifting or mantle plume activity. Our model correlates LIPs with lithospheric extension caused by asthenospheric flow triggered by multiple convergent systems associated with supercontinent formation.

  13. Medicinal plants used in Kirklareli Province (Turkey).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kültür, Sükran

    2007-05-01

    In this paper, 126 traditional medicinal plants from Kirklareli Province in Turkey have been reported. One hundred and twenty six plant species belonging to 54 families and among them 100 species were wild and 26 species were cultivated plants. Most used families were Rosaceae, Labiatae, Compositae and the most used plants were Cotinus coggyria, Sambucus ebulus, Achillea millefolium subsp. pannonica, Hypericum perforatum, Matricaria chamomilla var. recutita, Melissa officinalis subsp. officinalis, Juglans regia, Thymus longicaulis subsp. longicaulis var. subisophyllus, Malva sylvestris, Urtica dioica, Plantago lanceolata, Rosa canina, Ecballium elaterium, Artemisia absinthium, Viscum album subsp. album, Papaver rhoeas, Helleborus orientalis, Cydonia oblonga, Prunus spinosa subsp. dasyphylla, Rubus discolor, Sorbus domestica. A total of 143 medicinal uses were obtained. The traditional medicinal plants have been mostly used for the treatment of wounds (25.3%), cold and influenza (24.6%), stomach (20%), cough (19%), kidney ailments (18.2%), diabetes (13.4%). PMID:17257791

  14. South Korea: An overlooked hydrocarbon province

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sturt, D.C.; Quinton, N.A. (Dragon Oil plc, Harpenden (United Kingdom))

    1993-11-01

    A forthcoming well about to spud off South Korea is planned to test the potential of an essentially unexplored rift basin. Should the well prove successful, it could open up a major new hydrocarbon producing province with substantial reserves. The well is being drilled in Block V which covers 7,000 sq km. is divided into two parts, and lies about 150 km south of the Korean peninsula close to Cheju Island. The larger Northern Block overlies the Fukue basin, which is a linear graben system oriented northeast-southwest. The Fukue basin is equivalent in size to the South Viking graben of the North Sea and the existence of a restricted marine source rock and play types at several stratigraphic levels helps to reinforce such a comparison Seismic mapping has revealed five prospects with combined most likely reserves of more than 1 billion bbl. The paper describes the basin evolution, source and migration of petroleum, reservoir and seals, and well location.

  15. Enteric Fever in South China: Guangxi Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jin Yang

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Guangxi is a province of China endemic for enteric fever. Salmonella enterica serovar Paratyphi A has been found to be causing more and more enteric fever episodes in the last 10 years, evident not only from routine surveillance but also from prospective population-based surveillance. The prevalent pattern of paratyphoid seen was different from typhoid since it mainly occurred in outbreaks. Almost all strains collected from different areas and years in Guangxi were resistance to nalidixic acid, which is an indicator of reduced efficacy of ciprofloxacin treatment. The emergence of epidemic paratyphoid fever occurred after large-scale use of the typhoid Vi vaccine, but little is know about why it emerged. This is of particular concern in the post Vi vaccine era due to the emergence and worldwide spread of multi-drug resistant S. Paratyphi A strains and the lack of a vaccine.

  16. A Low-Li Geochemical Province in the NE Atlantic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bailey, J. C.; Gwozdz, R.

    1978-01-01

    Lithium was analysed in 392 basalts and related igneous rocks from the North Atlantic Tertiary-Recent province using activation analysis and C?erenkov counting. Monotonous Li values of 5.5±2 ppm in NE Atlantic basalts define a low-Li geochemical province which has persisted for 60 million years, over 20° of latitude and regardless of basalt type and chemistry. This low-Li province and the increasing Li contents of ocean-ridge tholeiites into the S Atlantic are believed to monitor Li heterogeneit...

  17. Political Ideology and Economic Freedom across Canadian Provinces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    BjØrnskov, Christian; Potrafke, Niklas

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines how political ideology influenced economic freedom in the Canadian provinces. We analyze the dataset of economic freedom indicators compiled by the Fraser Institute in 10 Canadian provinces over the 1981-2005 period and introduce two different indices of political ideology: government and parliament ideology. The results suggest that government ideology influenced labor market reforms: market-oriented governments promoted liberalization of the labor market. Parliamentary ideology did not influence economic liberalization at all. This finding (1) identifies differences between leftist and rightwing governments concerning the role of government in the economy and (2) indicates that ideological polarization concerns governments but less parliamentary fractions in the Canadian provinces

  18. Highlights from Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    Although the extraction of mineral wealth has been the major influence in the history of Johannesburg and the surrounding Witwatersrand regions (with about 45% of all gold ever mined coming from there), the discovery of now-famous hominid fossils at the Sterkfontein Caves, and the convening of the world's largest-ever conference on environment and development, are setting a new stage for the future. The United Nations began the second Development and Environment Conference in Johannesburg on August 26, 2002. This meeting addresses the implementation of international goals to fight poverty and protect the global environment that were established at the first such conference held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. The Johannesburg summit involves about forty thousand participants, and perhaps 100 world leaders. One of several official opening ceremonies for the conference was held at the Sterkfontein Caves to recognize the outstanding universal value of the paleo-anthropological fossils found there.These views from the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) highlight a number of the land use, vegetation, and geological features found within Gauteng Province (including the urban center of Johannesburg and the capital city Pretoria) and parts of the North West and Free State Provinces. The image on the right displays vegetation in red hues and is a false-color view utilizing data from MISR's near-infrared, red and blue bands. Both the natural-color view (left) and the false-color version were acquired by MISR's nadir camera on June 16, 2002. The urban areas appear as gray-colored pixels in the natural-color view, and exhibit colors corresponding with the relative abundance of vegetation found in the urban parts of this arid region.The mountains trending east-west near the center of the images extend from Pretoria in the east to Rustenberg in the west. These ranges, the Magaliesberg and Witwatersberg, separate the low-lying, hotter bushveld to the north from the cooler highveld to the south. The large round feature near the north-west corner indicates an ancient volcanic crater in the Pilanesberg National Park. Many bright, buff-colored rectangular patches around Johannesburg are associated with mining activities, and at least two of these areas (situated 40 kilometers southeast of the city) hold large amounts of water. The Sterkfontein Caves (now included within the recently created 'Cradle of Humankind' World Heritage Site) are located about 35 kilometers northwest of Johannesburg. In the southern portion of the images, a section of the Vredefort Hills are apparent to the west, and to the east the Vaal River and a large water body contained by the Vaal Dam delineate the border between the Gauteng and Free State provinces.The Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer observes the daylit Earth continuously from pole to pole, and views almost the entire globe every 9 days. This image is a portion of the data acquired during Terra orbit 13266, and covers an area of about 190 kilometers x 221 kilometers. It utilizes data from blocks 111 to 112 within World Reference System-2 path 170.MISR was built and is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Office of Earth Science, Washington, DC. The Terra satellite is managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. JPL is a division of the California Institute of Technology.

  19. Ocean anoxia and large igneous provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruhl, Micha; Bjerrum, Christian J.; Canfield, Donald E.; Korte, Christoph; Stemmerik, Lars; Frei, Robert

    2013-04-01

    Earth's history is marked by multiple events of ocean anoxia developing along continental margins and potentially into the open ocean realm. These events often coincide with the emplacement of large igneous provinces (LIPs) on continents, major perturbations of global geochemical cycles and marine (mass) extinction. The geographic and temporal extend and the intensity (ferruginous vs. euxinic) of anoxic conditions is often, however, poorly constraint. This complicates understanding of close coupling between Earth's physical, chemical and biological processes. We studied ocean redox change over two major mass extinction events in Earth history, the Permian-Triassic (at ~252 Ma) and Triassic-Jurassic (at ~201.3 Ma) mass extinctions. Both extinction events are marked by a major perturbation of the global exogenic carbon cycle (and associated major negative carbon isotope excursion (CIE)), likely initiated by carbon outgassing of the Siberian Traps and the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP), respectively. We compare Permian-Triassic and Triassic-Jurassic ocean redox change along continental margins in different geographic regions (Permian-Triassic: Greenland, Svalbard, Iran; Triassic-Jurassic: UK, Austria) and discuss its role in marine mass extinction. We show strongly enhanced sedimentary redox-sensitive trace element concentrations (e.g. Mo) during both events. However, increased Permian-Triassic values are in all localities distinctly delayed relative to the associated negative CIE. Triassic-Jurassic values are only delayed in the oceanographically restricted western Germanic basin (UK) while increased Mo-values in the north-western Tethys Ocean (Austria) directly match the onset of the associated negative CIE. Speciation of iron [giving (Fe-HR/ Fe-T) and (Fe(Py)/ Fe-HR)] in the Triassic-Jurassic western Germanic basin (UK) however shows close coupling between the onset of the global carbon cycle perturbation and a shift to anoxic and even euxinic conditions. Delayed molybdenum enrichment in this basin suggests strong initial depletion of the molybdenum reservoir. Triassic-Jurassic molybdenum drawdown does however occur in more well-connected marine basins along continental margins. Iron speciation and delayed Mo-enrichments along Permian-Triassic continental margins in different geographic regions suggest more widely, potentially global ocean, molybdenum drawdown and more widespread ocean anoxia. Further, our data shows that anoxic (and euxinic) conditions directly matches extinction of marine organisms, suggesting ocean anoxia as contributor to marine ecosystem collapse.

  20. Basin and Range Province, Western US, USGS Grids #4

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These grid files were used to produce gravity and basin depth maps of the Basin and Range Province, western United States. The maps show gravity values and modeled...

  1. Basin and Range Province, Western US, USGS Grids #5

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These grid files were used to produce gravity and basin depth maps of the Basin and Range Province, western United States. The maps show gravity values and modeled...

  2. Basin and Range Province, Western US, USGS Grids, #1

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These grid files were used to produce gravity and basin depth maps of the Basin and Range Province, western United States. The maps show gravity values and modeled...

  3. South America Province Boundaries, 1999 (prv6ag)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — South America is part of Region 6 (Central and South America) for the World Energy Assessment. South America was divided into 107 geologic provinces as background...

  4. Geologic Provinces of the Far East, 2000 (prv3al)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This coverage includes arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe U.S. Geological Survey defined geologic provinces of the Far East (China, Mongolia, North and...

  5. Basin and Range Province, Western US, USGS Grids #3

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These grid files were used to produce gravity and basin depth maps of the Basin and Range Province, western United States. The maps show gravity values and modeled...

  6. Geologic Provinces of Southeast Asia, 2000 (prv3bl)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This coverage includes arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe U.S. Geological Survey defined geologic provinces of Southeast Asia (Brunei, Indonesia,...

  7. Geologic provinces of Iran, 2000 (prv2cg)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This data set includes arcs, polygons, and polygon labels for geologic and petroleum provinces interpreted and designated by R.M. Pollastro based on numerous...

  8. Basin and Range Province, Western US, USGS Grids #2

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These grid files were used to produce gravity and basin depth maps of the Basin and Range Province, western United States. The maps show gravity values and modeled...

  9. Dinoflagellates of the Trentino Province, Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanna FLAIM

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available The Trentino Province (Italy has more than 320 lakes diverse in size, geological substrate, altitude and trophic status, and representing most physico-chemical types of temperate lakes. A recent research project (SALTO offered the opportunity to study the dinoflagellate flora of 27 of these water bodies representing all lake types. In this paper 34 taxa of dinoflagellates assigned to eight genera (Ceratium, Glenodiniopsis, Glochidinium, Gymnodinium, Gyrodinium, Peridinium, Peridiniopsis and Tovellia in five families (Ceratiaceae, Glenodiniopsidaceae, Gymnodiniaceae, Peridiniaceae and Tovelliaceae and four genera of uncertain collocation (Baldinia, Borghiella, Durinskia and Staszicella are described. Two previously undescribed species and two new combinations are also included. Classification is based in part on Popovsk´y and Pfiester (1990, modified according to the results of recent molecular and ultrastructural analyses. Dinoflagellate taxonomy is currently undergoing extensive revision, and taxonomic decisions in the present article follow the recent orientations in dinoflagellate systematics. The taxonomical issues of the more problematic genera are discussed. Where appropriate, comments on ecological features of the species are also given.

  10. South Texas Uranium Province: geologic perspective

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This guidebook reviews the geologic setting of South Texas uranium, as it is presently understood, as a preface to visiting stops selected to illustrate mineralization style and host geology. In addition to giving an overview of the district, the stops provide a thematic focus for discussion of structural, stratigraphic, and hydrologic features of the South Texas Uranium Province. The following stops were made: Stop 1: Panna Maria Project (Chevron) - Genetic stratigraphy and mineralization pattern of a marginal marine host (Jackson Group); Stop 2: road cut exposures of Catahoula paleosoils - source and mobilization of uranium; Stop 3: gravel pit in axial Oakville channel system - facies and hydrology of Coastal Plain fluvial systems; Stop 4: Felder Uranium Mine (Exxon) - mineralization of a fluvial host in an area of faulting and complex hydrologic history; and Stop 5: road cut exposure of lower Goliad Sand - exploration potential of the Plio-Pleistocene section. Discussions of mine areas are based on observations and generalizations made during the past year. The pits are active; thus, specific features described in this guidebook may no longer be exposed or may have been modified by mining. Although we have attempted to anticipate mine conditions extant during our visit, continued mining constantly provides new windows into the geology of the ore bodies, and surprises are common

  11. [Spring macrobenthos communities of the Moscow province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chertoprud, M V

    2006-01-01

    Macrozoobenthos communities are described based on material from 70 springs and spring brooks of the Moscow province. The communities include 587 taxa of various origin: 27 rheophiles, 11 crenobionts, 10 ubiquists of small water bodies, and 3 limnophiles. Rheophile species predominate in diversity (52%) and total abundance (41.5%). Crenobionts include Beraea pullata, B. maura, Crunoecia irrorata, Apatania zonella, Parachiona picicornis, Potamophylax nigrocornis, Oxycera pseudoamoena, O. rara, O. pardalina, Pedicia rivosa, Thaumalea testacea; six of these are recorded in the region for the first time. Four types of spring communities are recognised in the region according to the Braun-Blanquet method: with predominant Rhyacophilafasciata and Baetis rhodani (macrorheocrenes), Potamophylax nigroicornis (microrheocrenes), Nemurella pictetii (limnocrenes), and Parachiona picicornis (helocrenes). Three of them are confined to water bodies of different size and flow velocity; one (N. pictetii) is linked to weakly flowing silted wated bodies. Change of spring communities is often observed also downstream due to the distance from the opening of the spring. The structure of rheocrene communities is most similar to that of brooks, that are significantly larger than the rheocrenes. Limnocrene and helocrene communities have no counterparts among communities of other types of water bodies. Some of the specific traits of spring communities fit the island theory and can be explained by it. Comparison of the studied communities with those of springs of Sweden and England reveals wide variance of the general faunistic composition of the communities with a rather stable assortmeont of troglobiot species. PMID:17100099

  12. Development of Indicators of Cyberbullying among Youths in Songkhla Province

    OpenAIRE

    Tanyakorn Tudkuea; Kasetchai Laeheem

    2014-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to develop indicators and to test the goodness of fit of the structural relationship model of indicators of cyberbullying among youths in Songkhla Province. The study was conducted with 480 youths, and confirmatory factor analysis was performed.The results of the study revealed that the indicators of cyberbullying among youths in Songkhla Province consisted of five factors with twenty-four indicators. The factor with the highest weight was slandering (b=0.90)...

  13. Political Ideology and Economic Freedom across Canadian Provinces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnskov, Christian; Potrafke, Niklas

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines how political ideology influenced economic freedom in the Canadian provinces. We analyze the dataset of economic freedom indicators compiled by the Fraser Institute in 10 Canadian provinces over the 1981-2005 period and introduce two different indices of political ideology: government and parliament ideology. The results suggest that government ideology influenced labor market reforms: market-oriented governments promoted liberalization of the labor market. Parliamentary ideo...

  14. Quaternary basaltic volcanism in the Payenia volcanic province, Argentina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søager, Nina

    2013-01-01

    The extensive Quaternary volcanism in the Payenia volcanic province, Mendoza, Argentina, is investigated in this study by major and trace element analyses, Sr, Nd, Hf and Pb-isotopic analyses and Zr-Hf isotope dilution data on samples from almost the entire province. The samples are mainly primitive basalts and trachybasalts but also more evolved samples from the retroarc region and the larger volcanoes Payún Matrú and Payún Liso are presented. The samples cover a broad range of compositions fro...

  15. Large Igneous Province Volcanism, Ocean Anoxia and Marine Mass Extinction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruhl, Micha; Bjerrum, Christian J.; Canfield, Donald; Korte, Christoph; Stemmerik, Lars; Frei, Robert

    2013-01-01

    Past global marine mass extinction events are often linked to terrestrial Large Igneous Province (LIP) volcanism, but exact mechanisms driving extinction are often not well constrained. We studied two of Earth’s largest mass extinction events, at the Triassic-Jurassic (~201.4 Ma) and Permian-Triassic (~252 Ma) boundaries, which coincide with Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) and Siberian Trap volcanism, respectively. The Triassic-Jurassic mass extinction is often contributed to carbon re...

  16. The Development Measures of Circular Economy in Jilin Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Zhang

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The development of circular economy is the strategic choice of Jilin Province to improve overall competitiveness. This article described specific measures of the development of circular economy in Jilin Province from five aspects as follows: the building of circular economy industrial park and business groups, the development of modern agriculture, improve the utilization of water resources, as well as the construction of laws and regulations.

  17. The Development Measures of Circular Economy in Jilin Province

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Zhang

    2010-01-01

    The development of circular economy is the strategic choice of Jilin Province to improve overall competitiveness. This article described specific measures of the development of circular economy in Jilin Province from five aspects as follows: the building of circular economy industrial park and business groups, the development of modern agriculture, improve the utilization of water resources, as well as the construction of laws and regulations.

  18. PARASITIC CONTAMINATION OF WELLS DRINKING WATER IN MAZANDARAN PROVINCE

    OpenAIRE

    Z. Yousefi ? H. Ziaei hezarjaribi ? A. A. Enayati ? R. A. Mohammadpoor

    2009-01-01

    There is a direct relation between the prevalence of some parasitic diseases and the presence of those etiologic agents in water. The purpose of this research was to determine the contamination rate of wells drinking water to parasites in Mazandaran province in the north of Iran. 989 water samples were randomly taken based on the population of towns and number of health centers from 12 cities of Mazandaran province and transferred to the laboratory in sterile containers. Water samples were th...

  19. Philonotis calcarea (Bryophyta in the Opole Province (Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stebel Adam

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Philonotis calcarea (Bruch & Schimp. Schimp. in Poland is a montane species, very rarely occurring in lowland, strictly protected by law. In the Opole Province till this time it has been known from four localities, reported from the 19th and first half of the 20th century. The paper presents description of the new locality and list of stations of P. calcarea in the Opole Province. Current distribution of this species is presented on the map.

  20. Phlebotominae fauna in the Province of Tucumán, Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Elizabeth CÓRDOBA LANÚS; Oscar Daniel SALOMÓN

    2002-01-01

    American Tegumentary Leishmaniasis is endemic in the province of Tucumán since 1916 where the first Argentinian case of leishmaniasis was reported. An epidemic outbreak took place in the province during 1986-1988, after that the number of cases increased gradually again between 1991-1996. Since October of 1999 sand flies captures were performed at different places associated with current and past transmission or sites identified as risky ones. The collections were carried out with CDC mini li...

  1. Overweight and obesity in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia.

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Baghli, Nadira A.; Aqeel J. Al-Ghamdi; Al-Turki, Khalid A.; Ahmad G. El-Zubaier; Mahmood M. Al-Ameer; Al-Baghli, Fadel A.

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVES To describe anthropometric characteristics of participants and the influence of sociodemographic and cardiovascular risk factors involved in the prevalence of obesity in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia. METHODS In the year 2004, all Saudi residents in the Eastern province aged 30 years and above, were invited to participate in a community screening campaign for early detection of diabetes and hypertension. Demographic data, medical history, life habits, weight, height...

  2. [Evaluation of forest ecosystem services value in Liaoning Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Bing; Lu, Shao-wei; You, Wen-zhong; Ren, Xiao-xu; Xing, Zhao-kai; Wang, Shi-ming

    2010-07-01

    Based on the long-term located observation of forest ecosystem, and by using the 2006 forest resources inventory data of Liaoning Province and the forest industry standard of the People's Republic of China( LY/T 1721-2008, specification for assessment of forest ecosystem services in China), an evaluation was made on the material quantity and services value of main forest ecosystems in fourteen cities of Liaoning Province. In this province, the forest ecosystem services value supplied by water storage, soil conservation, C fixation, O2 release, nutrients accumulation, environment purification, biodiversity conservation, and forest recreation in 2006 was 2591.72 x 10(8) yuan, which was 8.54 times of the forestry production value and 28.02% in the GDP of the province. The services value of water storage, biodiversity conservation, C fixation, and O2 release occupied 79.09% of the total, being the main forest ecosystem services in the province. Economic forest and shrub had smaller per unit services value but larger area, and hence, their ecosystem services value should not be ignored. Abies fargesii forest, Phellodendron amurense forest, Juglans mandshurica forest, and Fraxinus mandshurica forest were the representative zonal vegetations in Liaoning Province, which had high value in biodiversity conservation. Under the effects of climate and other factors, the forest area and forest quality in west Liaoning were lower than those in east Liaoning. PMID:20879539

  3. Low Incidence of Colorectal Cancer in Kerman Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haghdoost AA

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available ackground: In Iran colorectal cancer (CRC incidence varies among various places. But we do not have any validate data that deeply explored the difference of CRC in Kerman province by national average. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of colon cancer within a 12-year period in Kerman province and to find whether the incidence of CRC in Kerman compared with the total incidence found in Iran. Methods: Data on colorectal cancer was collected from all histopathology departments around the Kerman Province during 1991 – 2002 retrospectively. The crude and age-standardized incidence rates per 1 million populations were calculated based on the 1996 census data and the population growth rate. Results: During this study total number of 551 new cases of colorectal cancer in Kerman province had been diagnosed. Age St andardized Rate of colon cancer in males and females were 50 (95% CI: 44 -56 and 53 (95% CI: 46-59 cases per 1,000,000 population per year, respectively . The risk ratio in females relative to males was not significant in any type of colon cancer. We did not find any difference for each year during the entire study period. Conclusion: The ASR of colorectal cancer in Kerman province was quite lower than the average rate in the whole country. This study showed that, the risk of acquiring colon cancer was constant. We concluded that the risk of colorectal cancer in Kerman province was much lower than the entire country.

  4. The Teles Pires volcanic province: A paleogeoproterozoic silicic-dominated large igneous province in southwest Amazon craton and tectonic implications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) are important features of the Earth history especially recognized during Paleo to Mezosoic times when they are related to the break up of supercontinents (Coffin and Eldhom, 1994). These provinces occur in several different tectonic settings such as volcanic passive margins, submarine ridges and continental and oceanic plateaux. Mafic-dominanted provinces are the most well known among the LIPs and the best examples are the Karoo, Kerguelem and Ontong-Java. LIPs including an important silicic component have been described in some basaltic provinces of southern Africa (Milner et al. 1992). More recently, silicic-dominated LIPs have been recognized in eastern Australia (Bryan et al., 2000), in southern South America (Pankhurst et al. 1998) and in Antartica Penninsula (Riley and Leat, 1999). The common characteristics of this kind of LIP include: 1) large volume of silicic rocks with dominance of ignimbrites, 2) active over 40 to 50 m.y.; and 3) spatially and temporally associated with plate break up. In this paper we present the main geologic and geochronologic characteristics of the Teles Pires volcanic province from southwest Amazon Craton, which allow its classification as a Paleoprotorozoic silicic-dominated LIP. Geologic implications of this suggestion includes the existence of a large cratonic plate as old as 1.81Ga for the Amazon Craton, therefore the proposed 1.85-1.55 Ga magmatic arc of Rio Negro-Juruena Province should be reviewed (au)

  5. Databases related to Large Igneous Provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernst, Richard; Pisarevsky, Sergei

    2015-04-01

    Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) represent large volume (>0.1 Mkm3; often above >1 Mkm3), mainly mafic (-ultramafic) magmatic events of intraplate affinity in both continental and oceanic settings, and are typically of short duration (LIP record is dominated by continental flood basalts and oceanic plateaus, but Proterozoic LIPs have typically lost their flood basalt component during erosion, thus exposing the plumbing system of mafic (-ultramafic) dykes, sills and layered intrusions. LIPs occur at a rate of about 1 every 20-30 m.y. back through the Proterozoic, and Archean analogues are also recognized. The LIP record is growing as more events are recognized and the size of known LIPs (even those of those of Mesozoic age) is increasing through targeted U-Pb geochronology. We review databases related to this fast moving field. The LIPs Commission (www.largeigneousprovinces.org) of IAVCEI ongoingly highlights new insights and events through the "LIP of the Month" series. A global 1:5M scale global LIPs ArcGIS database is under construction through Industry and government funded projects (e.g. www.supercontinent.org) and will form a framework for additional thematic databases related to LIPs, including geochemistry, geochronology, and paleomagnetism (GPMDB, MAGIC). LIP databases provide useful constraints for global Precambrian paleogeographic reconstructions, a context for understanding some global and regional environmental changes, and a useful framework for resource exploration (mineral and hydrocarbon). One of the most important aspects of this global LIPs ArcGIS database is that it is integrating data on the volcanic component of LIPs (both flood basalts, and associated ultramafic and silicic volcanism) with data on the plumbing system component in order to develop an understanding of LIPs as an integrated system.

  6. Nitrate Concentration in Groundwater in Isfahan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. F. Mousavi

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available In recent decades, the use of nitrogen fertilizers has increased irrespective of their effects on soil properties, agricultural products and, particularly, on environmental pollution. Nitrate easily leaches from soils into groundwater. The objective of this study was to determine temporal and spatial nitrate concentrations in groundwater in agricultural, industrial and urban regions in some parts of Isfahan Province. Water samples were collected monthly from 75 agricultural, industrial, and urban wells of Isfahan, Najaf-abad, Shahreza, Natanz and Kashan during January-May 2001. The results indicated that NO3-N concentrations in most of the regions studied were higher than the standard level (10 mg/l and nitrate pollution must be reckoned among the most serious problems of sustainable agriculture and exploitation of groundwater resources. Average NO3-N concentration in different wells ranged from 1.03 to 50.78 mg/l (4.64 to 228.5 mg/l as nitrate. The average NO3-N concentration in groundwater of Najaf-abad, Shahreza, Isfahan and Natanz-Kashan was 17.56, 14.6, 16.04, and 8.24 mg/l and 95.5, 100, 84 and 33.3 % of total wells in these regions had nitrate concentrations above the standard level, respectively. Maximum NO3-N concentration was detected in the agricultural region south of Najaf-abad (64.6 mg/l. Nitrate pollution in most of the sampling areas was mainly linked to agricultural activities. The average NO3-N concentration in groundwater of all agricultural, industrial, and urban regions, except for urban regions of Natanz and Kashan, were above the standard level. Generally, nitrate concentration level in groundwater increased with time and was maximum in March and April.

  7. Primary care morbidity in Eastern Cape province

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Valerie, Brueton; Parimalarani, Yogeswaran; Jimmy, Chandia; Khaya, Mfenyana; Bernadette, Modell; Michael, Modell; Irwin, Nazareth.

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Primary health care in rural South Africa is predominantly provided by remote clinics and health centres. In 1994, health centres were upgraded and new health centres developed to serve as a health care filter between community clinics and district hospitals. AIM: To describe the spectru [...] m of clinical problems encountered at a new health centre in an area of high economic deprivation and compare this with an adjacent community clinic and district hospital. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: A rural clinic, health centre and district hospital in Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. METHODS: The International Classification of Primary Care-2 (ICPC-2) was used to code data collected over a 13-week period from patients presenting at a community clinic, health centre and district hospital. RESULTS: Altogether, 4 383 patient encounters were recorded across all three sites. Most contacts at the clinic (97%) and the health centre (80%) were with a nurse. Females over 15 years of age comprised over half of all contacts at health facilities (53%). The most common diagnosis category was respiratory (23%). Cough was the most common symptom. Thirty per cent of children up to 5 years of age were seen for immunisations. Most childhood immunisations (79%) were carried out at the health centre. CONCLUSION: Of all the health care facilities surveyed, the health centre had the highest throughput of patients, indicating that the health centre is an efficient filter between the community and hospital. The ICPC-2 can be successfully used to monitor encounters at similar African health care facilities.

  8. Tsunami mortality in Aceh Province, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shannon Doocy

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Nine tsunami-affected districts in Aceh, Indonesia, were surveyed between February and August 2005 to characterize tsunami mortality. METHODS: The surveys employed a two-stage cluster methodology with probability proportional to size sampling, and encompassed 1653 tsunami-displaced households with a pre-tsunami population of 10 063 individuals. FINDINGS: Of the original pre-tsunami population, a total of 1642 people, or 17%, were reported as dead or missing in the tsunami. Crude mortality rates in the four survey areas ranged from a high of 23.6% in Aceh Jaya district on the west coast to 5.3% on the east coast. Age-specific mortality rates followed a similar pattern across the four survey areas, with the highest mortality concentrating in the youngest children (aged 0-9 years and oldest adults (70+. The risk of mortality was significantly greater among females than males; this difference was most pronounced among individuals between ages 10 and 69 years, and diminished among younger and older age groups. CONCLUSION: Mortality risk in the 2004 Asian tsunami varied by geographic location, age and sex. The districts of Aceh Jaya, Banda Aceh and Aceh Besar experienced the greatest mortality. Risk of death was highest among females, and among the oldest and youngest population subgroups. While the full human impact of the Asian tsunami in Aceh Province, in terms of lives lost or damaged, may never be fully measured, the resulting female deficit will likely be the tsunami’s most deeply felt and prolonged impact.

  9. Resource assessment of low- and moderate-temperature geothermal waters in Calistoga, Napa County, California. Report of the second year, 1979-1980

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Youngs, L.G.; Bacon, C.F.; Chapman, R.H.; Chase, G.W.; Higgins, C.T.; Majmundar, H.H.; Taylor, G.C.

    1980-11-10

    Phase I studies included updating and completing the USGS GEOTHERM file for California and compiling all data needed for a California Geothermal Resources Map. Phase II studies included a program to assess the geothermal resource at Calistoga, Napa County, California. The Calistoga effort was comprised of a series of studies involving different disciplines, including geologic, hydrologic, geochemical and geophysical studies.

  10. Report on intercomparison run A-9/1 for the determination of 89Sr, 90Sr and 137Cs in liquid milk (1979-1980)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To provide laboratories dealing with the determination of radionuclides in milk with an opportunity of checking their analytical performance, participants were asked to determine 89Sr, 90Sr and 137Cs at the nCi/1 level in simulated milk samples. Although 32 laboratories participated in this intercomparison not all of them determined all 3 radionuclides. A total of 95 laboratory means, based on 381 individual results, were reported. The ''true'' (input) values after dilution to 5 litres (details of the procedure, etc. are given) were 1.524+-0.049 nCi.1 for 89Sr, 0.874+-0.019 nCi/1 for 90Sr, and 1.044+-0.021 nCi/1 for 137Cs. The uncertainties of these values are the sums of the systematic and the statistical uncertainties (confidence level 99%). The results of the determination of 90Sr, the most important radionuclide for radiation protection and the most difficult to determine, seem to be somewhat more accurate than obtained previously (1975 and 1976). The methods of determining 90Sr in milk are appear generally quite reliable. However, more effort would seem needed to increase the accuracy of the determination of 90Sr and 137Cs in milk at these activity levels

  11. Landscape Analysis of Geographical Names in Hubei Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xixi Chen

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Hubei Province is the hub of communications in central China, which directly determines its strategic position in the country’s development. Additionally, Hubei Province is well-known for its diverse landforms, including mountains, hills, mounds and plains. This area is called “The Province of Thousand Lakes” due to the abundance of water resources. Geographical names are exclusive names given to physical or anthropogenic geographic entities at specific spatial locations and are important signs by which humans understand natural and human activities. In this study, geographic information systems (GIS technology is adopted to establish a geodatabase of geographical names with particular characteristics in Hubei Province and extract certain geomorphologic and environmental factors. We carry out landscape analysis of mountain-related geographical names and water-related geographical names respectively. In the end, we calculate the information entropy of geographical names of each county to describe the diversity and inhomogeneity of place names in Hubei province. Our study demonstrates that geographical names represent responses to the cultural landscape and physical environment. The geographical names are more interesting in specific landscapes, such as mountains and rivers.

  12. Environmental factors of urinary stones mineralogy, Khouzestan Province, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarasvandi, Alireza; Carranza, E. J. M.; Heidari, Majid; Mousapour, Esmaeil

    2014-09-01

    Urinary stone diseases in the Khouzestan province (southwest Iran) are growing in number and it required extensive studies on various factors of the urinary stones formation in this province. In this research, in addition to distribution of urinary stones in different areas of province, the role of bioenvironmental (race), climate (temperature) and geology (water hardness) factors in urinary stones diversity has been studied. Mineralogical studied using X-ray diffraction showed that uricite and whewellite are the most frequency mineral phases. Struvite, Cystine, hydroxyapatite, weddellite, and Niahite can be observed as urinary stones, too. These data show that the urinary stone in the Khouzestan province can divide into 7 groups: calcium oxalate, phosphate, calcium oxalate/ phosphate, Urate, Urate/calcium, Urate/calcium oxalate/phosphate, Cystine/calcium oxalate. Also the results which attained from temperature effect investigation on the mineralogy of urinary stones, confirms that from Mediterranean sub-humid climates (northeastern area) to warm and dry climates (south and southwest area), calcium oxalate stones and urate stones concentration decreases and increases respectively. Comparison of data related to the drinking water hardness and mineralogy of urinary stones in different areas of Khouzestan province show that the combination of drinking water (especially water hardness) affects mineralogy of urinary stones in some areas (such az Ramhormoz and Hendijan). Finally, the data suggest that frequency of calcium oxalate in women is more than that of men. Moreover, there is direct relationship between the age (>45 years) and the increase in frequency of Urate minerals.

  13. Magmatic Pathways in Large Igneous Provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernst, R. E.

    2014-12-01

    Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) provide a context for studying a range of magma ascent, emplacement and extrusion scenarios. LIPs are intraplate magmatic events, of mainly mafic magma, > 0.1 Mkm3, and often above 1 Mkm3, in both continental and oceanic settings, and are typically characterized by a short duration magmatic pulse or multiple short pulses over a maximum of a few 10s of Ma. Continental LIPs can have significant volumes of associated silicic magmatism and also carbonatites and kimberlites. Aspects to consider are how LIP magma ascends into the lithosphere from an underlying asthenospheric source(s) (e.g. mantle plume), the patterns for the subsequent distribution of magma within the lithosphere (mantle and crust), and links to surface volcanism. Lithosphere-entry scenarios include ascent: (a) from a widely distributed asthenospheric source; (b) from a localized source region, e.g. above the plume center; (c) along zones of triple-junction rifting; (d) along translithospheric fracture zones, and (d) from buoyant plume material that has moved sideways along the base of the lithosphere (e.g. sublithospheric channelling). Upon ascent, magma is distributed vertically and laterally within the crust as dykes and sills, with the involvement of staging magma chambers. Most dramatically, giant radiating and circumferential dyke swarms can have a radii of >1000 km and >250 km, respectively, centered on the plume. Extrusive magmatism can be fissure- or edifice-fed, and individual flows can extend for 100s to perhaps even a 1000 km. As a consequence of lateral flow in dykes, lava flows and sills can be emplaced at great distances from the plume center; laterally propagating dykes that intersect a sedimentary basin can continue into the basin as sills, and local lava flows can be formed when the upper edge of a dyke intersects the paleosurface. The main locus of magmatism can shift during a LIP event, due to plate movement over an underlying plume. Picrites and high-Mg magmas are preferentially concentrated above the plume-center region.

  14. Fire Behavior in Pelalawan Peatland, Riau Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BAMBANG HERO SAHARJO

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available During dry season it is easily recognized that smoke will emerge at certain place both in Sumatra and Kalimantan that is in peatland. The worst situation occurred when fire burnt buried log in the logged over area where the fire fighter did not have any experience and knowledge on how to work with fire in peatland. Finally it had been found that one of the reasons why firefighter failed to fight fire in peatland is because they do not have any knowledge and experience on it. In order to know the fire behavior characteristics in different level of peat decomposition for fire management and sustainable management of the land for the community, research done in Pelalawan area, Riau Province, Indonesia, during dry season 2001. Three level of peat decomposition named Sapric, Hemic, and Fibric used. To conduct the research, two 400 m2 of plot each was established in every level of the peat decomposition. Burning done three weeks following slashing, cutting and drying at different time using circle method. During burning, flame length, rate of the spread of fire, flame temperature and following burning fuel left and the depth of peat destruction were measured. Results of research shown that in sapric site where sapric 2 has fuel load 9 ton ha-1 less than sapric 1, fire behavior was significantly different while peat destructed was deepest in sapric 2 with 31.87 cm. In hemic site where hemic 2 has fuel load 12.3 ton ha-1 more than hemic 1, fire behavior was significantly different and peat destructed deeper than hemic 1 that was 12.6 cm. In fibric site where fibric 1 has fuel load 3.5 ton ha-1 more than fibric 1, fire behavior was significantly different that has no burnt peat found. This results found that the different fuel characteristics (potency, moisture, bed depth, and type at the same level of peat decomposition will have significantly different fire behavior as it happened also on the depth of peat destruction except fibric. The same condition occurred in the fire behavior at different level of peat decomposition.

  15. Reference dose levels for dental periapical radiography in Chonnam Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To establish reference doses of periapical radiography in Chonnam Province, Korea. The target-skin distances were measured for dental patient's 1235 exposures including 345 mandibular molar areas. Each periapical radiation exposure was simulated with exactly the same patients exposure parameters and the simulated radiation doses were measured utilizing Mult-O-Meter (Unfors Instruments, Billadal, Sweden). The measurements were done in 44 dental clinics with 49 dental x-ray sets in Chonnam Province for one or two weeks at each dental clinic during year 2006. The third quartile patient surface doses were 2.8 mGy for overall periapical exposures and 3.2 mGy for periapical mandibular molar exposures. The third quartile patient surface doses in Chonnam Province can be used as a guide to accepted clinical practice to reduce patient radiation exposure for the surveyed reference doses were below the recommended dental periapical radiography dose of 7 mGy by IAEA.

  16. Lichens from Antalya, Cankiri, Konya and Nevsehir Provinces (Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Yazici

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A contribution to the lichen flora of Turkey is performed. A total of 171 lichen taxa (including 2 subspecies and 2 varieties and 1 lichenicolous fungus are determined from 14 localities in Antalya, Çankiri, Konya and Nevsehir provinces of Turkey. Caloplaca scrobiculata H.Magn. is new to Turkey. Besides Caloplaca scrobiculata H.Magn. and Xanthoria sorediata (Vain. Poelt were found for the second time in Asia. Carbonea vitellinaria (Nyl. Hertel was found to grow on Candelariella vitellina (Hoffm. Müll.Arg. while Muellerella pymaea (Körb. D. Hawksw. var. athallina (Müll. Arg. Triebel (lichenicolous fungus on Tephromela atra (Huds. Hafellner as parasitic. All lichen taxa found in Çankiri are new to this province (92 intraspecific taxa, while 39 new to Nevsehir, 8 new to Konya and 5 new to Antalya provinces. For every each taxon, the habitat pattern and distribution data are presented.

  17. The Mycetophagidae (Coleoptera of the Maritime Provinces of Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Majka

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The Mycetophagidae (hairy fungus beetles of the Maritime Provinces of Canada are surveyed. Seven species in the genera Mycetophagus, Litargus, and Typhaea are found in the region. Six new provincial records are reported including Mycetophagus punctatus and Mycetophagus flexuosus, whichare newly recorded in the Maritime Provinces. The distribution of all species is mapped, colour habitus photographs of all species are figured, and an identification key to species is provided. The discussion notes that four of the species found in the region are apparently rare, possibly due to the history of forest management practices in the region; a situation similar to that of a significant proportion of other saproxylic beetles found in the Maritime Provinces.

  18. A Low-Li Geochemical Province in the NE Atlantic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bailey, J. C.; Gwozdz, R.

    1978-01-01

    Lithium was analysed in 392 basalts and related igneous rocks from the North Atlantic Tertiary-Recent province using activation analysis and C?erenkov counting. Monotonous Li values of 5.5±2 ppm in NE Atlantic basalts define a low-Li geochemical province which has persisted for 60 million years, over 20° of latitude and regardless of basalt type and chemistry. This low-Li province and the increasing Li contents of ocean-ridge tholeiites into the S Atlantic are believed to monitor Li heterogeneity in the underlying mantle. Li, like Na, increases gently during the differentiation of several basalt series. No whole-rock coherence is observed between Li and Mg, K, Rb or Ca. Mantle phlogopite is considered to play an insignificant ro?le in controlling the Li levels of NE Atlantic basalts.

  19. Olive Existence in Akhisar District in Manisa Province in Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Meltem Sesli; Aysun Tokmakoglu

    2006-01-01

    In Turkey which is one of the main olive producing countries in the world, in the Aegean Region some provinces are coming forth in respect of olive existence. Since Akhisar district constitutes half of the olive existence in Manisa province it was found to be worth research. In order to detect olive existence and sector improvement in Akhisar and in selected villages a face to face survey has been held among farmers. Survey results were evaluated by the SPSS programme. At the end of the evalu...

  20. Note on Cladonia species (lichenized Ascomycota from Ardahan province (Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Osyczka

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper is the first report on Cladonia species from Ardahan, a north-eastern province of Turkey. A circumpolar boreal-low arctic species, Cladonia acuminata, rarely reported from Asia, and the recently described Cladonia monomorpha are reported as new for Turkey. Their detailed descriptions and taxonomical remarks are provided. Localities of other ascertained Cladonia species in the province supplement the knowledge of their distribution patterns in the country. In addition, the typically corticolous/lignicolous species Vulpicida pinastri is mentioned as also growing on primary squamules and podetia of C. pyxidata.

  1. RTG resource book for western states and provinces: Final proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-31

    The Western Interstate Energy Board held a workshop and liaison activities among western states, provinces, and utilities on the formation of Regional Transmission Groups (RTGs). Purpose of the activities was to examine the policy implications for western states and provinces in the formation of RTGs in the West, the implications for western ratepayers and utilities of the RTG formation and potential impacts of RTGs on the western electricity system. The workshop contributed to fulfilling the transmission access and competition objectives of Title VII of the Energy Policy Act of 1992.

  2. Some Environmental Consequences of Large Igneous Provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coffin, M. F.

    2009-12-01

    The formation of large igneous provinces (LIPs)—continental flood basalts, ‘volcanic’ margins, and oceanic plateaus—may impact the atmosphere, oceans, and biosphere by rapidly releasing huge amounts of particulates, magmatic volatiles (CO2, SO2, Cl, F, etc.), and potentially volatiles (CO2, CH4, SO2, etc.) from intruded sediments (e.g., carbonates, organic-rich shales, evaporites). A key factor affecting the magnitude of volatile release is whether eruptions are subaerial or marine; hydrostatic pressure inhibits vesiculation and degassing of relatively soluble volatile components (H2O, S, Cl, F) in deep water submarine eruptions, although low solubility components (CO2, noble gases) are mostly degassed even at abyssal depths. Directly or indirectly, such injections may cause changes in the atmosphere/ocean system that can lead to perturbations of atmosphere/ocean chemistry, circulation, ecology, and biological productivity. These changes can be global in extent, particularly if environmental conditions were at or near a threshold state or tipping point. LIPs may have been responsible for some of the most dramatic and rapid changes in the global environment. For example, between ~145 and ~50 Ma, the global ocean was characterized by chemical and isotopic variations (especially in C and Sr isotope ratios, trace metal concentrations, and biocalcification), relatively high temperatures, high relative sea level, episodic deposition of black shales (oceanic anoxic events), high production of hydrocarbons, mass extinctions of marine organisms, and radiations of marine flora and fauna. Temporal correlations between the intense pulses of igneous activity associated with LIP formation and environmental changes suggest more than pure coincidence. The 1783-84 eruption of Laki on Iceland provides the only historical record of the type of volcanism that constructs transient LIPs. Although Laki produced a basaltic lava flow representing only ~1% of the volume of a typical transient LIP flow (10^3 km^3), the eruption’s environmental impact resulted in the deaths of 75% of Iceland’s livestock and 25% of its inhabitants. During Cenozoic time, peak eruption of the North Atlantic LIP at ~56 Ma coincided with the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum, when numerous deep-sea benthic foraminifera became extinct and there was a major turnover in terrestrial mammals. Late Cretaceous oceanic anoxic event 2 (OAE-2) coincided with the formation of the Caribbean and possibly Madagascar flood basalts at ~94 Ma, and in Early Cretaceous time, formation of the Ontong Java, Manihiki, and Hikurangi plateaus at ~122 Ma in the Pacific coincided with oceanic anoxic event 1a (OAE-1a). Eruption of the Siberian flood basalts at ~250 Ma (Permian-Triassic boundary) coincided with the largest extinction of plants and animals in the geological record; 90% of all species became extinct at that time.

  3. Coup d'oeil sur les provinces géantes d'hydrocarbures A Glance At Giant Hydrocarbon Provinces

    OpenAIRE

    Perrodon A.

    2006-01-01

    Vingt provinces géantes de plus d'un milliard de tonnes de pétrole ou d'équivalent gaz, se répartissant assez bien suivant une loi log-normale, concentrent aujourd'hui 90 % des découvertes cumulées d'huile et près de 80 % des réserves de gaz. Ces provinces, situées plus particulièrement dans l'hémisphère Nord, occupent des positions remarquables dans un cadre géotectonique d'ensemble. L'analyse de leurs caractéristiques géologiques et pétrolières fait apparaître notamment la prédominance de p...

  4. Research on the Effects of Logistics Industry on Economic Growth in Jilin Province in China

    OpenAIRE

    Shao, Yang; Jianguo ZHENG

    2011-01-01

    This paper constructs the econometrical model of the relationship between economic growth and logistics industry in Jilin province, analyzes quantitative relation between economic growth and logistics industry in Jilin province, measures the contribution of logistics industry on economic growth in Jilin province. The results show the status of logistics industry in economic development in Jilin province. The conclusions will supply some necessary proposals for decision-making of the ...

  5. Research and implementation of good agricultural practice for traditional Chinese medicinal materials in Jilin Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Changtian; Yan, Zhengfei; Zhang, Lianxue; Li, Yu

    2014-01-01

    Jilin Province is one of the principal production bases of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in China with its typical preponderance in TCM resources, research and development power, and industrialization capacity. The province has 2,790 species of TCM materials in total. Over 20% of the TCM materials in common use are from Jilin Province. The province has established 36 good agricultural practice bases for 22 typical TCMs. The overall situation, in terms of collection, processing, and prepa...

  6. Studies on possibility of building radiation centre in Hunan Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hunan province is rich in agriculture products and their by-products. The processing and preservation of those products after porduction is an urgent problem to solve. However, radiation techniques can solve the problem of the processing and preservation of part of those products which can not be solved by normal ways. Only in Changsha area, the products such as leather and their products, dried and fresh fruit, medical equipments, industrial chemicals and so on, which can be provided to irradiate, weigh over 1 x 105 tons a year. In order to advance the research and application of radiation techniques in the province, over 40 units have been investigated in the province and other provinces. Since 1983, six informal discussions or demonstration meetings were held. 15 pieces of various reports and materials have been put forward. The necessity, possibility, size, place, development aim and united research of building a radiation centre have been scientificly demonstrated and a certain basis have been provided for building radiation centre

  7. A biogenic volatile organic compounds emission inventory for Yunnan Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhi-Hui; Bai, Yu-Hua; Zhang, Shu-Yu

    2005-01-01

    The first detailed inventory for volatile organic compounds (VOC) emissions from vegetation over Yunnan Province, China was presented. The spatially and temporally resolved inventory was developed based on a geographic information system (GIS), remote sensing (RS) data and field measurement data, such as digitized land-use data, normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and temperature data from direct real-time measurement. The inventory has a spatial resolution of 5 km x 5 km and a time resolution of 1 h. Urban, agriculture, and natural land-use distributions in Yunnan Province were combined with biomass factors for each land-use category to produce a spatially resolved biomass inventory. A biogenic emission inventory was developed by combining the biomass inventory with hourly emission rates for tree, shrub and ground cover species of the study area. Correcting for environmental factors, including light intensity and temperature, a value of 1.1 x 10(12) gC for total annual biogenic VOC emissions from Yunnan Province, including 6.1 x 10(11) gC for isoprene, 2.1 x 10(11) gC for monoterpenes, and 2.6 x 10(11) gC for OVOC was obtained. The highest VOC emissions occurred in the northwestern, southwestern and north region of Yunnan Province. Some uncertainties were also discussed in this study. PMID:16083102

  8. Malaria Epidemiology in Mersin Province, Turkey from 2002 to 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M F AYDIN

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Malaria is an infectious disease caused by Plasmodium spp. with high morbidity and mortality in human in tropical and subtropical regions. In recent years, number of malaria cases has been significantly reduced because of fight with the disease in Turkey. This study intended to investigate the malaria epidemiology in Mersin Province from 2002 to 2011 using data from the provincial Public Health Directorate.Methods: Over ten years, 303573 blood samples were taken from the people by active and passive surveillance methods and blood smears were prepared. Smears were stained with Giemsa and examined under the microscope.Results: Totally, 73 people including 44 male and 29 female were positive in terms of Plasmodium spp. It was determined that P. vivax observed in 67 cases while P. falciparum in 6 cases. Cases were mainly observed in 15 to 44 years old range, showed an increase between June-September periods and a significant decrease after 2006. Out of the 73 malaria cases, 54 cases were from Mersin Province and 13 cases were imported from another province of Turkey. Six cases were transmitted from abroad.Conclusion: These results provide information about malaria epidemiology in an endemic area in Turkey and contribute its prevention in Mersin Province

  9. Service Needs and Provision in the North West Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Leary, B. M., Ed.; Govind, V., Ed.; Schwabe, C. A., Ed.; Taylor, J. M., Ed.

    This book, one of a series that uses Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to outline the need for and provision of services (education, health, housing, electricity, roads, telecommunications, postal services, and police services) in each of the nine South African provinces, presents a global view or indicator of the simultaneous influence of the…

  10. Service Needs and Provision in the Northern Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Leary, B. M., Ed.; Govind, V., Ed.; Schwabe, C. A., Ed.; Taylor, J. M., Ed.

    This book, one of a series that uses Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to outline the need for and provision of services (education, health, housing, electricity, roads, telecommunications, postal services, and police services) in each of the nine South African provinces, presents a global view or indicator of the simultaneous influence of the…

  11. Environmental quality in the Dutch province North-Holland 2002

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An overview is given of the environmental quality in the Dutch province Noord-Holland in the year 2002. Special attention is paid to safety, energy, agriculture and the airport Schiphol. The report is available in electronic form in parts, discussing Social developments, the quality of Air, Soil, and Water, Public Health, Nature, Safety, Energy, Agriculture, and Schiphol (airport)

  12. From Friendship Provinces to University Teacher/Student Exchange

    OpenAIRE

    Kao-Walter, Sharon; Huang, Yayu

    2009-01-01

    The establishment of the province friendship between Blekinge (Sweden) and Yunnan (China) has lead to a coperation agreement between two local Universities: Blekinge Institute of Technology and Kunming University of Science and Technology. It leads to the development of the cooperation of two provices in the fields of culture, business and education.

  13. Prevalence of HTLV-1 infection in Golestan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    kalavi KH

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and objectives: Human T-Lymphocyte Virus-1 (HTLV- 1 is known as the etiologic factor of acute T-Lymphocytic Leukemia (ATL and tropical spastic paralysis. (TSP. Endemic factors causing infection with Human T Lymphocyte Virus-1 (HTLV-1 is based on environmental, socio-economical and health behaviors of the individuals. This virus is well distributed in families with involved members. Golestan province is located in North West part of Northern Khorasan province that had already been known as an endemic area for HTLV-1. This virus is also known as the main etiologic factor for cancers and ATL, therefore; we studied the prevalence of HTLV-1 seroepidemiology in Golestan province. Material and Methods: The subjects selected by cluster sampling were 2034 healthy cases residing in different parts of Golestan province. ELISA method using Dia- pro anti HTLV-1 antibody kits was applied for serological assessment. Western Blot (HTLV BLOT 2.4 was used for confirmation purposes. Results: The subjects aged 38.66±16.54 were 2034 healthy persons. Forty-one point seven of these cases were males and the rest females. Based on ELISA method there were15 HTLV-1 positive cases (0.7%. -1. (0.7% Six out of 15 were confirmed by western blot method (95%, CI: 0.06-0.53%. The highest prevalence sigllificant aiology is in the highat rate in 31-40 year old gro0.7%. onclusion: This study shows that HTLV-1 is prevalent in Golestan the same as the other parts of the world. There fere: we urse on performing screening test (HTLV- on donated blood components before delivering (OK labeling. Key words: HTLV-1, Seroepidemiology, ELISA, Western Blot, Golestan ATL(Acute T lymphocytic Leukemia Six cases out of 15 were confirmed by western blot method (95%, CI: 0.06-0.53%. The highest prevalence was 2.6% seen in Kalaleh city (east part of the province [95%, Cl: 0.06-0.53%. There was significant difference between the prevalence of HTLV-1 and the dwelling place. (p=002. HTLV-1 seroepidemiology was in the highest rate in 31-40 year old group (0.7%. Conclusion: This study shows that HTLV-1 is prevalent in Golestan province, the same as the other parts of the world. Therefore, we recommend performing screening test (HTLV- on donated blood components before delivering (OK labeling. Key words: HTLV-1, Seroepidemiology, ELISA, Western Blot, Golestan province, ATL (Acute T lymphocytic Leukemia

  14. An Epidemiological Study of Psychiatric Disorders in Hamadan Province , 2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.R. Mohammadi

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available The burden of psychiatric disorders in the developed countries has been identified by the screening questionnaires and standard clinical interviews at a high level, but the epidemiological studies of psychiatric disorders in our country are brief and their numbers are few. Planning for providing essential mental health services to the people requires us to be knowledgeable about the present status of psychiatric disorders in the society. The objective of this research was to carry out the epidemiological study of the psychiatric disorders in the individuals 18 years and above in urban and rural areas of Hamadan province. 664 individuals selected through randomized clustered and systematic sampling methods among the existing families of Hamadan province and the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (SADS questionnaires completed by the clinical psychologist. The diagnosis of the disorders was based on DSM-IV classification criteria.The results of the study showed that the overall prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the province was 11.28% (17.2% in women , 5.8% in men. The anxiety and mood disorders with 5.87 and 2.71% respectively had the highest prevalence in the province. The prevalence of psychotic disorders in this study was 0.60% , neuro- cognitive disorders 1.35% and dissociative disorders 0.75%. In the group of mood disorders, major depression with 2.56% and in the group of anxiety disorders, phobia with 2.56% had the higher prevalence. This study showed that 8.13% of studied individuals suffered from at least one of the psychiatric disorders. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the province among the individuals in the age group of 66 years and above was 13.33%, individuals whose spouses had passed away 18.75%, urban residents of province 9.81%, illiterate individuals 12.80% and housewife individuals 12.31% was more than other individuals in the sample. Being aware of this matter reveals the responsibility of the health policy makers and programmers in prevention, treatment and medical education more than before , in relation to preparing application and executive plans in Hamadan province for mental health.

  15. Seroprevalence of Toxocariasis in Children in East- Azerbaijan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yagoob Garedaghi

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Toxocariasis is a zoonotic disease caused by the ascarid of dogs and cats, the main representative of which is a Toxocara canis. Distribution of the disease is world wide and is more prevalent in children. The present study was carried out in children of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran, to determine the toxocariasis seropositivity. Material and Methods: For the present seroepidemiological study, blood samples were collected at random from children of all the five districts of the East Azerbaijan Province. A total of 336 children, 187 males and 149 females in age group of 0-15 years were selected for the present study. ELISA was used for detection of IgG antibodies against Toxocara excretory secretary antigen. A questionnaire interview was conducted to obtain the data concerning their age, sex and habits. The particular points in the questionnaire asked were recorded on the format right on the spot. Results: Gender was found to be a significant risk factor for the Toxocara infection in children population. Male children were found more infected (41.71% as compared to females (24.16%. The total seroprevalence of T. canis antibodies in children of East Azerbaijan Province was 29.46 %. The risk factors that were found associated with the infection of toxocariasis in children population of East Azerbaijan Province include family back ground, status of living conditions, awareness, etc. Conclusion: The present study reveals high prevalence of T. canis infection in children of East Azerbaijan Province. It is important to raise the awareness of health professionals, public and educators to the fact that toxocariasis is a public health problem. Health promotion by means of a school based educational approach, diagnosis and continuous programme of treatment are necessary. [Cukurova Med J 2013; 38(4.000: 581-586

  16. [Applying analytical hierarchy process to assess eco-environment quality of Heilongjiang province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Song; Qiu, Wei; Zhao, Qing-liang; Liu, Zheng-mao

    2006-05-01

    The analytical hierarchy process (AHP) was adopted to study the index system of eco-province and the index system was set up for eco-province construction. The comparison matrix was constructed on the basis of experts' investigation questionnaires. MATLAB 6.5 was used to confirm the weights of the indices. The general environment quality index model was used to grade the environment quality and assessed the progress of constructing eco-province in Heilongjiang province. The results indicate that it is feasible to apply the AHP to assess quantitatively the ecological environmental quality province-wide. The ecological environment quality of Heilongjiang province has been improved obviously from the beginning of eco-province construction. PMID:16850854

  17. The Brazil-Angola alkaline - carbonatite province and its main economic aspects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The principal characteristics of the Brazil-Angola Alkaline Carbonatite Province are defined and described with specific reference to tectonic setting and economic aspects. The economic aspects of the Brazilian uranium deposits are emphasised. The Brazil-Angola Alkaline-Carbonatite Province can be divided into six Brazilian sub-provinces and two Angolan sub-provinces. Correlation between the sub-provinces of Brazil and Angola remains speculative due to the lack of detailed information, especially age determinations on the Angolan rocks. However, an analysis of the tectonic and petrochemical aspects suggests that the two Brazilian sub-provinces situated along the littoral of Rio de Janeiro/ Sao Paulo and around the periphery of the Parana Basin may be more easily comparable to the two Angolan sub-provinces than the remaining four. (Author)

  18. Supervolcanoes Within an Ancient Volcanic Province in Arabia Terra, Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michalski, Joseph. R.; Bleacher, Jacob E.

    2014-01-01

    Several irregularly shaped craters located within Arabia Terra, Mars represent a new type of highland volcanic construct and together constitute a previously unrecognized martian igneous province. Similar to terrestrial supervolcanoes, these low-relief paterae display a range of geomorphic features related to structural collapse, effusive volcanism, and explosive eruptions. Extruded lavas contributed to the formation of enigmatic highland ridged plains in Arabia Terra. Outgassed sulfur and erupted fine-grained pyroclastics from these calderas likely fed the formation of altered, layered sedimentary rocks and fretted terrain found throughout the equatorial region. Discovery of a new type of volcanic construct in the Arabia volcanic province fundamentally changes the picture of ancient volcanism and climate evolution on Mars. Other eroded topographic basins in the ancient Martian highlands that have been dismissed as degraded impact craters should be reconsidered as possible volcanic constructs formed in an early phase of widespread, disseminated magmatism on Mars.

  19. Statistical Analysis of Different Cancers in Kermanshah Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.H. Mirmomeni

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, which was performed in 2007 a statistical investigation has been performed on the occurrence frequency, type of cancer and the relevance of this disease with age and sex in Kermanshah Province. Gathering the information of patient’s medical reports between 2002 and 2006 and analyzing those using SPSS software showed that in this province after skin cancer, bladder cancer has the highest rate of occurrence unlike the world statistics. This analysis indicated that urban cancer rate is nearly twice rural rate and also showed that approximately 60% of infections are spotted among men and 40% among women. However in the age of 17 till 50, women are attacked more than men. The highest shown figures are in men at the age of 70 and women at the age of 60.

  20. Demand Response in the West: Lessons for States and Provinces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Douglas C. Larson; Matt Lowry; Sharon Irwin

    2004-06-29

    OAK-B135 This paper is submitted in fulfillment of DOE Grant No. DE-FG03-015F22369 on the experience of western states/provinces with demand response (DR) in the electricity sector. Demand-side resources are often overlooked as a viable option for meeting load growth and addressing the challenges posed by the region's aging transmission system. Western states should work together with utilities and grid operators to facilitate the further deployment of DR programs which can provide benefits in the form of decreased grid congestion, improved system reliability, market efficiency, price stabilization, hedging against volatile fuel prices and reduced environmental impacts of energy production. This report describes the various types of DR programs; provides a survey of DR programs currently in place in the West; considers the benefits, drawbacks and barriers to DR; and presents lessons learned and recommendations for states/provinces.

  1. Benthic foraminifera of the Panamanian Province: distribution and origins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crouch, R.W.; Poag, C.W.

    1987-01-01

    Two hundred twenty-nine species of benthic foraminifera have been identified from 96 stations representing 33 localities on the eastern Pacific inner continental shelf, ranging from southern Peru to northern Baja California. Their distributions mark nearshore provincial boundaries that are nearly identical with those previously documented from the distribution of ostracodes and molluscs. Thirteen species are characteristic of the Panamanian Province, one is characteristic of the Chilean-Peruvian Province, and one is characteristic of the newly proposed Sonoran Subprovince. Seventeen species (7%) appear to be endemic to the eastern Pacific. Fifty-eight (25%) of the species recognized are disjunct from population centers in the western Pacific, 134 species (59%) are disjunct from modern assemblages of the Atlanto-Carribean region, and 40 species (17%) are disjunct from both the western Pacific and the Atlanto-Caribbean. The distribution of the remaining 57 species (25%) is poorly documented; we classify them as of unknown origin. -Authors

  2. Environmental Consequences of Rapid Urbanization in Zhejiang Province, East China

    OpenAIRE

    Xuchao Yang; Wenze Yue; Honghui Xu; Jingsheng Wu; Yue He

    2014-01-01

    Since reforms carried out in the late 1970s, China has experienced unprecedented rates of urban growth. Remote sensing data and surface observational data are used to investigate the urbanization process and related environmental consequences, focusing on extreme heat events and air pollution, in Zhejiang Province (ZJP, East China). Examination of satellite-measured nighttime light data indicates rapid urbanization in ZJP during the past decade, initially forming three urban clusters. With ra...

  3. Lichenicolous fungi in I?d?r province, Turkey

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Kenan, Yazici; Javier, Etayo.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available As a result of lichenological exploration in the province of I?d?r, Turkey, forty species of lichenicolous fungi belonging to eighteen genera were identified on twenty-seven different lichenized fungi. Four lichenicolous fungi-Arthonia protoparmeliopsidis, Lichenostigma radicans, L. subradians and S [...] clerococcum sphaerale-represent new records for Turkey. In addition, A. protoparmeliopsidis is new to Asia and Gemmaspora lecanorae was found for the second time on Aspicilia sp. Geographical distributions are also presented.

  4. Patients' satisfaction evaluation with the health center of elis province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karavida, Angeliki; Stamouli, Maria-Aggeliki; Balis, Charalampos

    2014-01-01

    Patient satisfaction related to the provided health services is a key indicator of the quality of the health sector. The SERVQUAL model was employed as a way of measuring the level of patient satisfaction with the services of the Health Center of Elis Province. Although certain aspects such as "Assurance" and "Empathy" meet the users' needs, improvements like a detailed medical record and an overhaul of the equipment need to be introduced. PMID:25000072

  5. Natural Meadows: Development of Ecotourism in Chaiyaphum Province

    OpenAIRE

    Tiwaporn Jaroenpon; Boonsom Yodmalee; Kosit Phaengsoi

    2014-01-01

    This is a qualitative investigation to assess the current state and development of ecotourism at natural meadows in Chaiyaphum Province, North-eastern Thailand. Research was conducted from October 2012 to October 2013. Data was collected from document study and field research. Tools used for data collection were basic survey, observation, interview and focus group discussion. Results show that there are three categories of meadows in Chaiyaphum: Siam tulip meadows, gustavia meadows and kamang...

  6. PHYSIC NUT ( JATROPHA CURCAS L.) DISEASES IN LAMPUNG PROVINCE

    OpenAIRE

    TRI MARYONO; CIPTA GINTING

    2009-01-01

    Intensifi ed cultivation of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) could raise the importance of plant diseases. h e objectives of this research were to diagnose diseases occurring on physic nut in Lampung Province and to determine their intensity. Field observation was conducted in four districts: South Lampung, Tanggamus, Bandarlampung, and Tulang Bawang. Disease intensity, whether expressed as disease incidence or severity, was recorded from plant samples determined by making diagonal lines ...

  7. Malaria prevalence in Nias District, North Sumatra Province, Indonesia.

    OpenAIRE

    Laowo Idaman; Hulu Waozidohu; Tuti Sekar; Dewi Rita M; Wahid Isra; Asih Puji BS; Syafruddin Din; Zendrato Pardamean; Laihad Ferdinand; Shankar Anuraj H

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background The Nias district of the North Sumatra Province of Indonesia has long been known to be endemic for malaria. Following the economic crisis at the end of 1998 and the subsequent tsunami and earthquake, in December 2004 and March 2005, respectively, the malaria control programme in the area deteriorated. The present study aims to provide baseline data for the establishment of a suitable malaria control programme in the area and to analyse the frequency distribution of drug re...

  8. HIV knowledge and health seeking behavior in Zambézia Province, Mozambique

    OpenAIRE

    Audet, Carolyn M; Sidat, Mohsin; Blevins, Meridith; Troy D Moon; Vergara, Alfredo; VERMUND, Sten H.

    2012-01-01

    HIV prevalence rates in Zambézia Province were estimated at 12.6% in 2009. A number of educational campaigns have been aimed at improving HIV transmission and prevention knowledge among community members in an effort to reduce infection rates. These campaigns have also encouraged people to seek health care at clinical sites, instead of employing traditional healers to cure serious illness. The impact of these programs on the rural population has not been well documented. To assess the level o...

  9. Congenital Hypothyroidism: Increased Incidence in Yazd Province, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    M. Noori-Shadkam; M.H. Mosadegh; M. Mirzaei; MR. Movahedi Nia; M. Jafarizadeh

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is one of the most common preventable causes of mental retardation. Its worldwide incidence is estimated to be one in 2500-5500 births. Assessment of thyroid gland in neonates is critical. The aims of this study were to demonstrate the incidence of CH in neonates born in Yazd province, Iran in 1389 (2010) and compare the results with other reported studies and investigate biochemical characteristics of affected infants. Materials & Methods: This is...

  10. Seroprevalance of Theileria annulata in Elaz??, Malatya and Tunceli Provinces

    OpenAIRE

    AKTA?, Münir; SEVG?L?, Murat; Dumanli, Nazir

    2001-01-01

    This study was carried out to determine the seroprevalance of Theileria annulata in non-vaccinated cattle in Elaz??, Malatya and Tunceli provinces between May 1997 and March 1998. Serum samples were collected from a total of 741 cattle in Elaz??, Malatya, Tunceli and vicinities. Serum antibodies against T. annulata were investigated by the Indirect Fluorescence Antibody (IFA) test. In addition, peripheral blood smears were prepared and examined under the microscope. The seroprevalance of Th...

  11. GAME RESEARCH ON STRATEGIC INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT IN PROVINCE

    OpenAIRE

    Lian-sheng DONG; Wang, Ke-yi

    2010-01-01

    In order to make an in-depth analysis to mutual relations and multi-interest of the strategic investment management model in province, it utilizes the game theory, and researches the basic elements in the game model, which it establishes, including the assumptions, strategies, objectives and functions of the two players. Finally, it quotes the imperfect information static game model, and takes the first level sealed price auction game model as the quintessence to describe and analyze the game...

  12. Disposal of Rare Earth NORM Residues in Jiangsu Province, China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present situation of NORM residues arising from rare earths extraction and separation in Jiangsu Province has been investigated comprehensively. The management of these residues is discussed and analysed with respect to the separation technology, the activity concentrations, the amounts of residue generated and the regional eco-environmental features. Some conclusions and suggestions on the disposal of these NORM residues are given, with reference to the relevant national laws, regulations and standards. (author)

  13. Echinostoma ilocanum Infection in Oddar Meanchey Province, Cambodia

    OpenAIRE

    Sohn, Woon-Mok; Kim, Hyeong-Jin; Yong, Tai-Soon; Eom, Keeseon S; Jeong, Hoo-Gn; Kim, Jae-Kwang; Kang, A-Reum; Kim, Mok-Ryun; Park, Jung-mi; Ji, Soo-Hyeon; Sinuon, Muth; Socheat, Duong; Chai, Jong-Yil

    2011-01-01

    Fecal examinations using the Kato Katz technique were performed on a total of 1,287 villagers (945 students and 342 general inhabitants) of Oddar Meanchey Province, Cambodia in May 2007 and November 2009. The overall intestinal helminth egg positive rate was 23.9%, and the most prevalent helminth species was hookworms (21.6%). Other helminth eggs detected included echinostomes (1.0%), Enterobius vermicularis (0.8%), small trematode eggs (0.7%), which may include Opisthorchis viverrini and Hap...

  14. Pisces, Anegada Bay protected area, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Llompart, F. M.; Molina, J.M.; Cazorla, A. L.; Baigun, C. R.; Colautti, D. C.

    2010-01-01

    We provide the first list of marine fish from Anegada Bay, a coastal protected area in Buenos AiresProvince. Fish records were obtained from gillnets and recreational fishery captures. Thirty seven speciesbelonging to 29 families and 18 orders were identified. The most numerous order was Perciformes witheight families and 10 species. Odontesthes argentinensis, Micropogonias furnieri, Cynoscion guatucupa andMustelus schmitti were verified in all sampling sites and the last two were the most re...

  15. A trichinellosis outbreak in Borikhamxay Province, Lao PDR.

    OpenAIRE

    Sayasone, S; Odermatt, P; Vongphrachanh, P; Keoluangkot, V; Dupouy-Camet, J; Newton, PN; Strobel, M

    2006-01-01

    Trichinellosis is documented in Southeast Asia, particularly in Thailand and China. Data from Lao PDR are lacking. An outbreak investigation was conducted in Borikhamxay Province after three patients with suspected trichinellosis consulted the Mahosot Hospital, Vientiane. In total, 22 trichinellosis cases were identified; 21 cases could be confirmed by Western blot. High fever (100%), muscle pain (91%), upper eyelid oedema (86%) and diarrhoea (59%) were observed. Among the 22 patients, 86% ha...

  16. Planting dates zoning of safflower varieties in Esfahan province

    OpenAIRE

    T. Yasari; J. Khoshhal; M.R. Shahsavari

    2013-01-01

    Extended abstract1- IntroductionTiming coincidence of plant growth and development to suitable climatic conditions is on of the main factor for spring safflower increasing yield. Thus determining and zoning of safflower planting dates is very important. The highest planted area of spring safflower is belonged to Esfahan province. Delay in planting of spring safflower cause faster development, earlier flowering and lower photosynthetic area and these consequently lower yield and yield componen...

  17. Climate Change Awareness in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Phokele Maponya; Sylvester Mpandeli; Samuel Oduniyi

    2013-01-01

    Climate change is one of the most important environmental issues facing the world today. The impact of climate change is a reality and it cuts across all climate-sensitive sectors including the Agriculture sector. It is well documented by several scientists, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and other experts that climate change threatens sustainable economic development and the totality of human existence. This study will enable small scale maize farmers in Mpumalanga province to und...

  18. Accommodating multilingualism in IT classrooms in the Free State province

    OpenAIRE

    Olivier, Jacobus Alwyn Kruger

    2011-01-01

    This article explores the language context of Information Technology (IT) classes in the Free State province. An overview of the multilingual context within which the research was done is provided through a brief historical background of language accommodation and recognition in South Africa in general, and then specifically in schools. Attention is paid to the role of English in contrast to that of the other official languages as well as code-switching as a method of accommodating multilingu...

  19. The burden of imported malaria in Gauteng Province

    OpenAIRE

    Weber, Ingrid B.; Baker, Lee; Mnyaluza, Joy; Matjila, Maila J.; Barnes, Karen; Blumberg, Lucille H.

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To describe the burden of malaria in Gauteng Province, and to identify potential risk factors for severe disease. DESIGN: We conducted a prospective survey of malaria cases diagnosed in hospitals throughout Gauteng from December 2005 to end November 2006. OUTCOME MEASURES: Malaria frequency, severity, and treatment. RESULTS: We identified 1 701 malaria cases; 1 548 (91%) were seen at public sector hospitals and 153 (9%) at private hospitals; 1 149 (68%) patients were male...

  20. Road noise pollution in the province of Turin

    OpenAIRE

    Bosia, Federico

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, the emission and propagation of the noise generated by local roads in the Province of Turin is characterized, with the aim of elaborating a simplified model to calculate noise pollution levels in the region. Measurements are carried out in free field conditions at selected locations along roads considered representative of the territory under consideration. The data analysis is structured in two parts: first, the analysis of noise emission is carried out on the basis of vehicle...

  1. Hainan - State, Society, and Business in a Chinese Province

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brødsgaard, Kjeld Erik

    2008-01-01

    This book examines the complex relationship between the state, society and business in China, focusing on the experience of the island province of Hainan. This island, for many years a provincial backwater, was given provincial rank in 1988 and became the testing ground for experiments of an economic, political, and social nature that have received great attention from Beijing, in particular the "small government, big society" project. This book provides a full account of this transition, showin...

  2. Preliminary Study on Development of Industry Tour in Liaoning Province

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Miao-Yan

    2007-01-01


    Industry tour in our country is a newborn newborn product.. But, it hasvery strong practical significiance in the process of reforming and reconstruct of Northeast Old Industry. This article starts from the definition of industry tour, demonstrate the function of Industry tour, then combines the real situation of Liaoning Province to analyze the advantages, disadvantages , challenges and opportunities by using SWOT method and puts forward the development pattern of Liaoning Indust...

  3. Factors Influencing on Trout Production in Khorasan Razavi Province

    OpenAIRE

    M.Ghorbani; H. Zare Mirakabad

    2010-01-01

    This research carried out to study of factors influencing on trout production in Khorasan Razavi Province using a cross sectional data of 105 trout producers and estimation of trout production function in 2008. Results showed that farms' area, number of fry, feed, fish farming period and water flow have positive effect on trout production and water temperature and fish losses have negative effect on it. Farms area, water temperature degree, number of fry, feed, fish farming period, water flow...

  4. Strategic Marketing Plan for Huishang Bank in Anhui Province

    OpenAIRE

    Qian, Yani

    2010-01-01

    Huishang Bank Corporation Limited Company was founded on December 28, 2005, and it has operated since January 1, 2006. Before it was established, it merged with six cities' commercial banks and seven urban credit banks in Anhui Province. It then became the first regional bank which had developed from city commercial bank in China. In the last five years, Huishang bank has already got significant progress, and it entered top 500 global banks in 2010. This thesis focuses on the strategic m...

  5. The Alto Paraguay Alkaline Province: petrographic, geochemical and geochronological characteristics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Alto Paraguay Province is located at the border of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul and Paraguay, between the coordinates 21 deg 10'to 23 deg 25'of Southern latitude and 57 deg 10' to 58 deg 00', having the city of Porto Murtinho as the main reference point. The geotectonic domain of the area is governed by the precambric units of the Southern extreme of the Amazonic craton which developed a long and accentuated activity, giving rise to folds and important faults, that in several cases seem to have exerted an effective control of the magmatic manifestations. Radiometric data indicate that the emplacement of the syenitic bodies took place in the Permo-Triassic period, with a major incidence in the interval 260-240 Ma, representing thus, an important phase of alkaline magmatic affinity associated to the Parana Basin which is believed is to be unique, since the other known areas (Central, Amambay and Rio Apa Provinces, Paraguay, Velasco Province, Bolivia) are considerably younger (140-120 Ma). Syenitic rocks from the Alto Paraguay Province show wide variation in the ratio 87 Sr/86 Sr (0.703361 - 0.707734). Excluding the Cerro Boggiani rocks (0.703837-0.707734), values for the nepheline syenites (0.703361-0.703672) general lower than those of the other syenites types. Alkaline syenites cover the interval 0.703510- 0.703872, while quartz syenites and syenogranites are 0.704562 and 0.707076, respectively. geologic evidence, in addition to petrographic, geochemical and isotopic (Sr) data, suggest that the syenitic rocks have been derived from an unique mantelic parental liquid, by fractional crystallization and assimilation processes, which are assumed to be occurred during the emplacement of the magma in the crust. (author)

  6. Identifying the socioeconomic determinants of crime in Spanish provinces

    OpenAIRE

    BUONANNO, PAOLO; Montolio, Daniel

    2005-01-01

    In this paper we study, having as theoretical reference the economic model of crime (Becker, 1968; Ehrlich, 1973), which are the socioeconomic and demographic determinants of crime in Spain paying attention on the role of provincial peculiarities. We estimate a crime equation using a panel dataset of Spanish provinces (NUTS3) for the period 1993 to 1999 employing the GMMsystem estimator. Empirical results suggest that lagged crime rate and clear-up rate are correlated to all typologies of cri...

  7. Incidence of Neonatal Hyperphenylalaninemia in Fars Province South Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamdollah Karamifar

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective:Phenylalanine hydroxylase or its cofactor, tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4, deficiency causes accumulation of phenylalanine in body fluids and central nervous system. Considering the fact that hyperphenylalaninemia is a preventable cause of mental retardation in infants, the objective of this study was to determine the incidence of congenital hyperphenylalaninemia in Fars province, south of Iran.Methods:In a period of one year from November 2007 to November 2008 blood samples were withdrawn from all newborns born in Fars province for measurement of serum phenylalanine. The samples with a serum level of ? 2 mg/dl were referred to pediatric endocrine clinic for confirmation and determination of the type of hyperphenylalaninemia by quantitive serum phenylalanine measurements by using High-Pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC method.Findings:Nine out of 76966 newborns had a serum phenylalanine level ?2mg/dl, of which 8 cases were confirmed by HPLC. The incidence of the disease was 1:10000. The incidence of mild hyperphenylalaninemia and phenylketonuria (PKU among the patients was 62.5% and 37.5% respectively and the incidence of BH4 deficiency was 1/76966.Conclusion:These findings indicate a high incidence of hyperphenylalaninemia, in the newborns from Fars province. The high incidence makes a comprehensive screening program for management of the disease necessary.

  8. The South-East Karst Province of South Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimes, K. G.

    1994-03-01

    The South-East Karst Province of South Australia is an extensive area of low relief with dolines, cenotes, uvalas, and a variety of cave types developed in the soft, porous, flat-lying Tertiary Gambier Limestone and also as syngenetic karst in the overlying calcarenite dunes of the Pleistocene Bridgewater Formation. The most spectacular surface karst features are the large collapse dolines, especially those that extend below the water table to form cenotes. Shallow swampy hollows occur in superficial Quaternary sediments. These are an enigmatic feature of the Bool Region, where all gradations appear to occur between definite karst dolines and nonkarstic hollows. Some depressions may be polygenetic—involving a combination of: (1) primary depositional hollows on coastal flats or in dune fields, (2) deflation, and (3) karst solution and subsidence. There are extensive underwater cave systems in the southern part of the province, and the bulk of the cave development there may well lie below the present water table, although these systems would have been at least partly drained during the lower sea levels of the last glacial period. Systematic variations within the province reflect differences in the parent rock types, the extent and nature of the cover and, most importantly, the hydrology—in particular the depth to the water table and its gradient.

  9. Phlebotominae fauna in the Province of Tucumán, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CÓRDOBA LANÚS Elizabeth

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available American Tegumentary Leishmaniasis is endemic in the province of Tucumán since 1916 where the first Argentinian case of leishmaniasis was reported. An epidemic outbreak took place in the province during 1986-1988, after that the number of cases increased gradually again between 1991-1996. Since October of 1999 sand flies captures were performed at different places associated with current and past transmission or sites identified as risky ones. The collections were carried out with CDC mini light trap and modified Shannon trap. In this study 2338 Phlebotominae were captured being prevalent Lutzomyia neivai (Lu intermedia complex (97.7%, followed by Lu. migonei. We report Lu. shannoni for the first time in the province. Phlebotominae was abundant in the warm and humid months and showed a peak before the summer rains. Lutzomyia neivai showed a pattern (peridomestic prevalence, anthropophilia, abundance in secondary forest consistent with other outbreak studies. Thus, the results reinforce this species incrimination as vector of leishmaniasis in the area. Domestic animals close to houses increase its abundance, and so the probable associated risk of human-Phlebotominae contact. Further studies should be done to understand the role of each Phlebotominae species in the transmission of leishmaniasis in Tucumán in order to design entomological surveillance strategies.

  10. Midwifery workforce profile in Limpopo Province referral hospitals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sam T. Ntuli

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: In sub-Saharan Africa including South Africa, maternal mortality rates remain unacceptably high due to a shortage of registered nurses with advanced midwifery diplomas. Objective: To determine the profile of registered nurses (RNs involved in maternity care in public referral hospitals of the Limpopo Province, South Africa. Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in all maternity units of Limpopo’s public referral hospitals. The study population comprised of 210 registered nurses, who became the study sample. Data on their educational profile and work experience in midwifery was analysed using STATA version 9.0. Results: The mean age of the 210 registered nurses was 44.5 ± 9.1 years (range 21 to 62. The majority (152/210; 70% were 40 years and older, 56% (117/210 had been working for more than 10 years, and 63/210 (30% were due to retire within 10 years. Only 22% (46/210 had advanced midwifery diplomas, i.e. after their basic undergraduate training. Only six (2.9% of the RNs providing maternity care in these referral hospitals were studying for advanced midwifery diplomas at the time of the study. Conclusion: This study demonstrated a shortage of registered nurses with advanced midwifery training/diplomas in referral hospitals of the Limpopo Province. This has a potentially negative effect in reducing the high maternal mortality rate in the province.

  11. A key to the Soricidae, Macroscelididae, Gliridae and Muridae of Gauteng, North West Province, Mpumalanga and the Northern Province, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christia H. Newbery

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available A practical key to the shrews, elephant-shrews, dormice, rats and mice based on external field characteristics is presented. Size, tail features and lengths, dorsal and ventral body colour, etc. are the important characteristics, while habitat and distribution are also incorporated. The small mammals included in the key are from Gauteng, North West Province, Mpumalanga and the Northern Province.

  12. A key to the Soricidae, Macroscelididae, Gliridae and Muridae of Gauteng, North West Province, Mpumalanga and the Northern Province, South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Christia H. Newbery

    1999-01-01

    A practical key to the shrews, elephant-shrews, dormice, rats and mice based on external field characteristics is presented. Size, tail features and lengths, dorsal and ventral body colour, etc. are the important characteristics, while habitat and distribution are also incorporated. The small mammals included in the key are from Gauteng, North West Province, Mpumalanga and the Northern Province.

  13. ‘Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs)’: Definition, recommended terminology, and a hierarchical classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheth, Hetu C.

    2007-12-01

    This article is an appeal for the adoption of a correct and appropriate terminology with respect to the so-called Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs). The term LIP has been widely applied to large basaltic provinces such as the Deccan Traps, and the term Silicic Large Igneous Province (SLIP) to volcanic provinces of dominantly felsic composition, such as the Whitsunday Province. However, neither term (LIP, SLIP) has been applied to the large granitic batholiths of the world (e.g., Andes) to which both terms are perfectly applicable. LIP has also not been applied to broad areas of contemporaneous basalt magmatism (e.g., Indochina, Mongolia) and sizeable layered mafic intrusions (e.g., Bushveld) which in many significant respects may also be considered to represent 'Large Igneous Provinces'. Here, I suggest that the term LIP is used in its broadest sense and that it should designate igneous provinces with outcrop areas ? 50,000 km 2. I propose a simple hierarchical classification of LIPs that is independent of composition, tectonic setting, or emplacement mechanism. I suggest that provinces such as the Deccan and Whitsunday provinces should be called Large Volcanic Provinces (LVPs), whereas large intrusive provinces (mafic-ultramafic intrusions, dyke/sill swarms, granitic batholiths) should be called Large Plutonic Provinces (LPPs). LVPs and LPPs thus together cover all LIPs, which can be felsic, mafic, or ultramafic, of sub-alkalic or alkalic affinity, and emplaced in continental or oceanic settings. LVPs are subdivided here into four groups: (i) the dominantly/wholly mafic Large Basaltic Provinces (LBPs) (e.g., Deccan, Ontong Java); (ii) the dominantly felsic Large Rhyolitic Provinces (LRPs) (e.g., Whitsunday, Sierra Madre Occidental); (iii) the dominantly andesitic Large Andesitic Provinces (LAPs) (e.g., Andes, Indonesia, Cascades), and (iv) the bimodal Large Basaltic-Rhyolitic Provinces (LBRPs) (e.g., Snake River-High Lava Plains). The intrusive equivalents of LRPs are the Large Granitic Provinces (LGPs) (e.g., the Andean batholiths), although an equivalent term for intrusive equivalents of LBPs is not necessary or warranted. The accuracy and usefulness of the terms flood basalt, plateau basalt, and trap are also examined. The largest LBP, LVP, and LIP is, of course, the bulk of the ocean floor. It is contended that the proposed LIP nomenclature and classification will lead to more accurate and precise terminology and hence better understanding of the wide variety of Large Igneous Provinces.

  14. Modeling inorganic nitrogen deposition in Guangdong province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Zhijiong; Wang, Shuisheng; Zheng, Junyu; Yuan, Zibing; Ye, Siqi; Kang, Daiwen

    2015-05-01

    Atmospheric nitrogen deposition is an essential component of acid deposition and serves as one of main sources of nitrogen of the ecosystem. Along with rapidly developed economy, it is expected that the nitrogen deposition in Guangdong province is considerably large, due to substantial anthropogenic reactive nitrogen lost to the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region, one of the most developed region in China. However, characterization of chemical compositions of inorganic nitrogen (IN) deposition and quantification of nitrogen deposition fluxes in time and space in Guangdong province were seldom conducted, especially using a numerical modeling approach. In this study, we established a WRF/SMOKE-PRD/CMAQ model system and expanded 2006-based PRD regional emission inventories to Guangdong provincial ones, including SO2, NOx, VOC, PM10, PM2.5, and NH3 emissions for modeling nitrogen deposition in Guangdong province. Observations, including meteorological observed data, rainfall data, ground-level criteria pollutant measurements, satellite-derived data, and nitrogen deposition fluxes from field measurements were employed in the evaluation of model performance. Results showed that annual nitrogen deposition fluxes in the PRD region and Guangdong province were 31.01 kg N hm-1 a-1 and 26.03 kg N hm-1 a-1, dominated by NHx (including NH3 and NH4+), with a percentage of 63% and 71% of the total deposition flux of IN, respectively. The ratio of dry deposition to wet deposition was approximately 2:1 in the PRD region and about 3:2 in the whole Guangdong province. IN deposition was mainly distributed in the PRD region, Chaozhou, and Maoming, which was similar to the spatial distributions of NOx and NH3 emissions. The spatial distributions of chemical compositions of IN deposition implied that NH3-N and NOx-N tended to deposit in places close to emission sources, while spatial distributions of aerosol NH4+ -N and NO3-

  15. The housing loss assessment of rural villages caused by earthquake disaster in Yunnan Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ying; Shi, Pei-Jun; Wang, Jing-Ai

    2005-09-01

    Based on the assessment report of destructive housings caused by more than 20 earthquakes occurred in Yunnan Province in 1990 2004, the vulnerability models of 4 types housings of rural residents in Yunnan Province are setup. The scenario earthquake disaster loss model is used to simulate the housing loss if the historical earthquakes that occurred since A.D. 886 in Yunnan Province reoccur in 2002. The analyses show the simulation deviation of the usual earthquakes is less than 30% and the method is of high practicality. Meanwhile, the simulation result of 398 historical earthquakes in Yunnan Province shows that the annual economic loss caused by the earthquakes is about RMB 410 million Yuan that accounts for 0.18% of GDP of Yunnan Province for the year. Because the per capita living area and the price of the housing increases year by year, if the historical destructive earthquake reoccurs today, the loss of Yunnan Province will be greater than in those years.

  16. Factors that contribute to public sector nurses’ turnover in Limpopo province of South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Takalani G. Tshitangano

    2013-01-01

    Background: The ongoing worldwide phenomenon of a shortage of about 4.3 million nurses and midwives poses a threat to health service delivery. Limpopo province had the worst nurseshortage of over 60% in 2010. Authors attribute this shortage to turnover of nurses. The quest to describe factors contributing to nurses’ turnover led to this study in Limpopo province,South Africa.Objectives: To explore and describe factors that contribute to nurses’ turnover in Limpopo province of South Africa by ...

  17. Mapping of thermal comfort for outdoor recreation planning using GIS: the case of Isparta Province (Turkey)

    OpenAIRE

    TOPAY, Mehmet

    2013-01-01

    This study presents a model for the physical planning process of thermal comfort (TC), which is very important for outdoor recreation planning, using thermal perception maps (TPMs). For this purpose, a TPM of Isparta Province was produced according to the physiologically equivalent temperature (PET) index from climatic data of the province. To determine the TC structure of the province, climatic data were collected from 16 meteorology stations. The RayMan 1.2 program was used to obtain the mo...

  18. Issues Existing in the Capital Market in Jilin Province and Solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Hong Li

    2012-01-01

    Development of the capital market has attracted external sources of finance to the great extent, promoted Jilin Province to change from an old industrial base to an advanced international manufacturing base and greatly enhanced the overall economic strength of Jilin Province. Nonetheless, considering the current situation, mobility of capital in economy of Jilin Province is not yet strong and insufficient capital is still an impediment to constrain economic and social development of Jilin Pro...

  19. Human resources for health, opportunities and challenges in the Indonesian province of Papua

    OpenAIRE

    Pas, R. van de

    2010-01-01

    The province of Papua is the easternmost province of the republic of Indonesia. The indigenous population of Papua consists of 300 ethnic groups that are becoming outnumbered by migrants from other islands in Indonesia. The province has the lowest human development index of the country and the health status of its population is characterized by a high infant mortality rate and a generalizing HIV epidemic (estimated 3% of the general population). The major factor that limits access to health s...

  20. Regional Growth in China: An Empirical Investigation using Multiple Imputation and Province-level Panel Data

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Baizhu; Phillips, Kerk L.

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the contributions of various factors to China’s economic growth. The methodology is discussed in papers by Levine and Renelt (1992) and Sala-i-Martin (1997). Using multiple imputation techniques on a panel data from 1978 to 1999 for 30 provinces, autonomous regions, and independently administered cities, we find that provinces with more innovation capital and more bank-deposit-to-GDP ratios tend to experience higher economic growth. Migration of people into a province, ...

  1. Impacts of Accumulated Temperature Changes on the Maize Belt in Heilongjiang Province

    OpenAIRE

    Long Hai-li; Xie Rui-zhi; Li Shao-kun; Zhang Shu-quan; Ming bo; Liu Yue-e; Ma Da-ling; Gao Shi-ju

    2013-01-01

    Global warming has altered the distribution of the maize (Zea mays) belts in China. Climate change has important impacts on regional agricultural planning, especially in Heilongjiang Province. Heilongjiang is the northernmost province in China and is the main production area of maize but is also the most sensitive to temperature changes. In the 1980s, the planted area of maize was divided into five belts in Heilongjiang Province, however, since the 1980s the ...

  2. On Marketization Mode of College and University Sports Grounds and Stadiums in Shandong Province

    OpenAIRE

    Yun Ma

    2011-01-01

    We analyze the present situation and main problems of management of college and university sports ground andstadiums of Shandong province, by means of literature review, investigation and logic analysis. Furthermore,combining with social sports development status of Shandong Province, we propose the ideas and mode ofmarketization of college and university sports ground and stadiums, and establish the marketization mode ofcollege and university sports ground and stadiums in Shandong Province.

  3. Complex origins of the Lusitania biogeographic province and northeastern Atlantic fishes

    OpenAIRE

    Almada, Vítor C.; Jesus Falcón Toledo; Alberto Brito; André Levy; Floeter, Sergio R.; Robalo, Joana I.; Joana Martins; Frederico Oliveira Almada

    2013-01-01

    The Lusitania Province encompasses the warm temperate marine waters between the southern end of the English Channel, in the North, and Cape Juby or Cape Blanco, in the South, including the Mediterranean and the archipelagoes of the Azores, Madeira and the Canary Islands. Briggs and Bowen (2012) proposed that the warm temperate provinces, although retaining their provincial status, should be grouped with the adjacent tropical ones. Thus, they included the Lusitania Province in a warm eastern A...

  4. Impact of One-Year Methadone Maintenance Treatment in Heroin Users in Jiangsu Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Guohong Chen; Takeo Fujiwara

    2009-01-01

    Context: Although the effectiveness of methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is well-established in many countries, it is a relatively new therapy for heroin users in China. Jiangsu Province, a relatively wealthy province, set up 4 MMT clinics in February 2006. No previous studies have evaluated the impact of MMT in a wealthy Chinese province. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of a 1-year MMT among heroin users in Jiangsu Province. We investigated the impact of the tr...

  5. Research on the International Export Competitiveness of Honey – Taking Anhui Province as an example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Hua

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article uses the data of honey export from 2000 to 2013 (Jan. to Aug. to make an analysis on the fluctuation of honey export number and price in Anhui Province in order to know about the current situation of honey export in Anhui Province. Then it quantitatively makes an analysis on the current situation of international export competitiveness of honey in Anhui Province by market share, trade competitiveness index, export quality index and other methods; It also uses the analysis result to find out the relevant factors that affect the international honey export competitiveness and proposes the relevant countermeasures to improve the international competitiveness of honey in Anhui Province.

  6. Seroprevalence of Hepatitis e Virus Varies Considerably Among Chinese Provinces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jihong Meng

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Hepatitis E is a common infection in China, but few studies have been carried out to compare regional and ethnic factors in its prevalence.Objectives: To characterize the seroprevalence of anti-HEV IgM and IgG in the general population of 11 Chinese provinces and in the people from different ethnic minorities.Materials and Methods: Sera from 14208 people including 723 people from four ethnic minorities were screened for anti-HEV IgM and IgG by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA. For the anti-HEV IgM positive samples, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR was carried out for the detection of HEV RNA.Results: The overall prevalence of anti-HEV IgG was 19.7%. The highest rate was 35.7% in Guizhou, while the lowest rate was 5.5% in Shanxi. Significantly higher rates were found among males compared to females in Hebei and Hunan province, and among females compared to males in Chongqing and Shannxi. In Guizhou, the prevalence rates among the Buyi, Miao, Shui and Han ethnic groups were 41.8%, 32.0%, 37.5% and 34.7%, respectively, which were not significantly different. The results also showed that the anti-HEV IgG detection rates increased with age for each ethnic group. Additionally, four samples were tested positive for anti-HEV IgM but HEV RNA was not detectable.Conclusions: HEV prevalence varies considerably among Chinese provinces. Thus, prevention and control programs including vaccination could be specifically targeted to people living in regions with relatively higher prevalences..

  7. Forecast of soil stalinization in western Jilin Province of China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Zhuo; Liu, Zhiming; Du, Huishi

    2008-10-01

    Ecological environment in the western Jilin Province is threatened by soil Stalinization. The study area is the west of Jilin Province in China. By using TM image in 1993 and ETM+ image in 2003 from LANDSAT satellite and integrating field survey, all kinds of maps and text datum, soil Stalinization information for the west of Jilin Province were extracted by man-computer interactive interpretation method in Arcinfo GIS software and land use type (including Stalinization soil) maps of 1993 and 2003 were finished. By the statistic analysis and spatial analysis, the primitive status matrix and the transition probability matrix of different land use types from 1993 to 2003 were calculated. On the basis of Markov model, the change trend of the Stalinization soil was forecast. The field data of 2001 was used to validate the model, showing that the model is efficient and suitable for prediction. The results of calculation using the Markov chain model showed that the Stalinization in study area is quite severe. If current policy is kept, the annual mean rate growth of Stalinization is 4.29%, the area proportion of the study area will rise from 6.19% in 1993 to 6.81% in 2013, and the area of Stalinization will rise to 322517.64 hm2 in 2013. Therefore, the question of Stalinization should not be ignored, and effective measures should be taken to maintain healthy development of environment. According to the results of the model, adjusting land-use / land cover pattern and providing scientific Basis for macroeconomic decision become available

  8. Paleomagnetic study of Shanwang formation, Shandong Province, China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The measured direction of the stable remanence of Shanwang Formation, Shandong Province, is D = 355.8 deg., I = 47.1 deg. According to the axial geocentre dipole model, the paleolatitude there during Miocene was 28.3 deg. N. The corrected value based on far-sided effect is 32.4 deg. N. The uncorrected and corrected pole positions were (81.0 deg. N, 323.1 deg. E) and (84.6 deg. N, 339.7 deg. E) separately. Comparing them with paleo-flora shows that the corrected value of paleolatitude is probably reasonable. (author). 14 refs, 3 figs, 1 tab

  9. Herpetofauna, Parc National des Volcans, North Province, Republic of Rwanda

    OpenAIRE

    Roelke, C. E.; Smith, E. N.

    2010-01-01

    Herein is presented a list of the reptiles and anurans from the Parc National des Volcans (PNV)(01°43’ S, 29°52’ W), an area in the west and north provinces of the Republic of Rwanda in the Albertine Riftregion of Africa. Fieldwork was conducted between two and six days per week from June through August2007 and 2008. We also conducted literature searches of all historical expeditions within the park for speciesrecords. Seventeen species of reptiles and anurans are recorded from the PNV. Nine ...

  10. Estimating the Efficiency of Apple Producers in Khorasan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Ghorbani

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available In this study, efficiency of apple producers in Khorasan Province was determined by a cross sectional data of 212 apple producers. Mean technical, allocative, and economic efficiencies were estimated to be around 31, 28, and 9 percent, respectively. A high potential was also detected for increasing these efficiencies. Apple producers’ age and education had positive effects and risk aversion had a negative effect on technical efficiency. Waste reduction, optimal use of inputs, introduction of technical-extension services, and apple insurance are suggested to increase efficiencies.

  11. Beneficiation of marble from Griekwastad, Northern Cape Province

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    N.P., Mahumapelo; C., Magaseng.

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper is based on a study to determine the potential beneficiation opportunities for marble from Griekwastad in the Northern Cape Province. The marble was characterized mineralogically by X-ray diffraction. Major and trace elements were determined using inductively coupled plasma-optical emissi [...] on spectroscopy. The sample was crushed, and the crushed material beneficiated by tumbling and polishing. The resulting beads were incorporated into a variety of jewellery and other decorative items. It is concluded that the beneficiation of Griekwastad marble presents a good opportunity for value addition and job creation, provided that an effective marketing strategy for the products can be developed..

  12. Geophysics report of Santa Rosa place Canelones province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Hydrogeology Section required to Geophysics Department of the DINAMIGE to carry out this report for Education and Culture Ministery, to study the feasibility of the exploration and exploitation of underground waters located in three properties zones in Santa Rosa's town, Canelones province. By means of the geoeletric methods it was possible to estimate the alluviums thickness ,sedimentary deposits or alteration mantels. The purpose of the present work has been to establish geologic and structural features through vertical electric well by means of which is been able to study the vertical variations of the resistivity .

  13. Family agriculture and environment in Kirundo province, Northern Burundi

    OpenAIRE

    Minani, Bonaventure; Rurema, Déo-Guide; Lebailly, Philippe

    2013-01-01

    Burundi has nine million inhabitants in an area of 27,834 km2, making it one of the most densely populated countries in the world. More than 90% of the population lives in rural areas. In Kirundo province, people has increased from 404,564 in 1990 to 628,256 inhabitants in 2008 with the annual population growth rate of 3.17%. This region had several cycles of drought leading several people to flee the famine and go to the neighboring countries. However, this region was the breadbasket of Buru...

  14. Status of Shanxi Province's power and coal reserves

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An introduction to Shanxi's coal reserve, production, transportation utilization, electric power generation and transmission capacities is presented with the intention of providing outsiders a clear understanding of Shanxi's coal and power industries. Quantitative sketches of Shanxi's role in China's energy resource production and power generation are included. The province of Shanxi invites investors to visit Shanxi to gain first-hand knowledge. The authors have also taken the liberty of providing the high points of Shanxi's indigenous sceneries and local customs. They believe that in the future, Shanxi's coal based power development will be one of the principal drivers of China's economic growth

  15. Leaching Mathematical Modeling for Two Zones of North Khuzestan Province

    OpenAIRE

    M. Golabi; P. Papan; B.Karami

    2008-01-01

    The main aims of present study are evaluation desalinization and desodification mathematical modeling in two zones of Northeast of Khuzestan province in Southwest of Iran with and without emendator material (Sulfuric acid). To reach the aims, the experiment was done in two zones with four treatments; 25, 50, 75 and 100 cm of water irrigation and four iterations in each plot (1*1 m) from surface to 150 cm of soil depth. Data that have used in this paper were Electrical Conductivity (EC) ...

  16. Mammalia, Didelphimorphia and Rodentia, central Santa Fe Province, Argentine.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teta, P.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Three owl pellets samples collected in the localities of Pedro Gómez Cello (= Estación Km. 197;30°02’14” S, 60°18’56” W, Colonia Silva (= Estación Abipones; 30°26’59” S, 60°25’58” W and Jacinto L. Arauz(30°44’01” S, 60°58’31” W, Province of Santa Fe, Argentina, were studied. We registered 11 genera of smallmammals, including Didelphidae marsupials (1 species, and Caviidae (1, Cricetidae (10, and Muridae (1rodents. We documented the southernmost record for Pseudoryzomys simplex and the first and second recordinglocalities for Santa Fe of Oligoryzomys nigripes and Graomys chacoensis, respectively.

  17. Mammalia, Didelphimorphia and Rodentia, central Santa Fe Province, Argentine.

    OpenAIRE

    Teta, P.; Pardinas, U. F. J.

    2010-01-01

    Three owl pellets samples collected in the localities of Pedro Gómez Cello (= Estación Km. 197;30°02’14” S, 60°18’56” W), Colonia Silva (= Estación Abipones; 30°26’59” S, 60°25’58” W) and Jacinto L. Arauz(30°44’01” S, 60°58’31” W), Province of Santa Fe, Argentina, were studied. We registered 11 genera of smallmammals, including Didelphidae marsupials (1 species), and Caviidae (1), Cricetidae (10), and Muridae (1)rodents. We documented the southernmost record for Pseudoryzomys simplex and the ...

  18. Village chicken production in Turkey: Tokat province example.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sekeroglu, A; Aksimsek, S D

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this work was to reveal the current form of village chicken production in Tokat province of Turkey. A survey was applied to 153 randomly selected farmers of 5 subdistricts in Tokat province. The ratios of domestic fowls in the survey region were as follows: hen 98.83%, goose 0.65%, turkey 0.29% and duck 0.16% (P commercial breeds (5.71%) and their crosses (2.85%). The mean egg weight of the village hens was between 30 and 40 g. Wheat (65.73%) and mixed (wheat, barley, maize and kitchen refuse) feed (34.22%) were used to supplement the hens (P < 0.01). For producing natural chicks, the hens were brooded between 1.10 and 1.46 times/year, 1.31 on average. For each brooding, the number of placed eggs under the broody hens was between 11.39 and 12.42 (P < 0.05). PMID:18446442

  19. Planting dates zoning of safflower varieties in Esfahan province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Yasari

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Extended abstract1- IntroductionTiming coincidence of plant growth and development to suitable climatic conditions is on of the main factor for spring safflower increasing yield. Thus determining and zoning of safflower planting dates is very important. The highest planted area of spring safflower is belonged to Esfahan province. Delay in planting of spring safflower cause faster development, earlier flowering and lower photosynthetic area and these consequently lower yield and yield components. 2- MethodologySpring safflower is an irrigated crop in Esfahan province. For safflower planting dates zoning, thermal data from 1961-2009 were used. These data obtained from 51 synoptic and climatic stations that located in and near of Esfahan province. Because of low density of station especially in east and north east of province, by using the daily mean temperature of these stations interpolation was done by kriging method with surfer software. Cluster analysis on temperature map cells was done by Ward’s method. Thus Esfahan divided to three temperature zones, 1(cold, 2(moderate and 3(warm. Interpolation was done with Radial Basis Function with Completely Regularized Spline method. Start planting in warm, temperate and cold, respectively, with the average temperature day and night to 7, 9 and 12 degrees Celsius and minimum temperature of zero degrees Celsius higher were considered. For determining of suitable planting dates of spring safflower in different parts of Esfahan province 15-day average daily temperature and minimum temperature from January to October were calculated and maps were drawn by GIS.3- DiscussionBased on results in the first thermal zone, includes east and north parts of province, suitable planting dates are from January to March 6. In the second thermal zone, includes south eastern and central parts of province, suitable planting dates are from March 7 to April 4. In the third thermal zone, includes other parts of province, suitable planting dates are from April 5 to May 21.4- Conclusion By considering of thermal requirements of safflower if the crop cultivated in suitable planting date, it shall not face to limited temperature.Key words: safflower, planting date, temperature, zoning ReferencesAckerman, S. A. and Knox, J. A. (2007, Meteorology, Understanding the Atmosphere. 2th-ed., Thomson Brooks. Chao, M. H. and Tae, R. H. (2000, Purification and characterization of precarthamin decarboxylase from the yellow of Carthamus tinctorius L. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. 382:238-244.Dadashi, N. and Khajehpour, M. R. (2004, Effects of temperature and day length on developmental stages of safflower genotypes under field conditions, J. Sci. & Technol. Agric. & Natur. Resour, 7:83-102.Elias, S., Basil, S. and Kafka, R. (2002, Response of safflower (Carthamus tinctoruios L. to saline soils and irrigation: I. Consumptive water use, Agricultural Water Management, 54, 67-80.Emami, T., Naseri,, R., Falahi, H. and Kazemi, E. (2011, Response of yield, yield component and oil content of safflower (cv Sina to planting date and plant spacing on row in rainfed conditions of western Iran, American Eurasian J. Agric & Environ. Sci., 10(10:947-953.Froozan, k. (2005, Safflower production in Iran (past, now, future, (2005, pp 255-257.paper presented at the Sixth International Safflower Conference, June 6-10. 2005. Istanbul, Turkey.Jajarmi, V., Azizi, M., Shadlu, A. and Omidi Tabrizi, A.H. (2009,The effect of density, variety and planting date on yield and yield components of safflower. 2009. pp.235-241. paper presented at the 7th International Safflowr Conference. June10-14. 2009. Wagga Australia.khajehpour, M. R. (2004, Industrial crops, Isfahan, Iran, Jehad of Isfahan Uni.TechMohamadzadeh, M., Siadat, S.A.., Norof, M.S. and Naseri, R. (2011, The effects of planting date and row spacing on rain fed conditions. American-Erasian J. Agric and Enviro. Sci.,10(2:200-206.Montazeri, M.(2005, An analysis of tempo-spatial variation of temperature in Iran during the last half century, Isfahan, Iran, Isfah.

  20. Prevalence of OV infection in Yasothon Province, Northeast Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saengsawang, Phubet; Promthet, Supannee; Bradshaw, Peter

    2012-01-01

    A liver fluke, Opisthorchis viverrrini (OV), is the major cause of the high incidence of cholangiocarcinoma in Thailand. The prevalence of OV infection remains high in various parts of the country, especially in Northeast Thailand and particularly in wetland rural areas where a large proportion of the community work in agriculture and continue the traditional practice of eating raw or undercooked cyprinoid fish products. The national control program seems to have had little impact in many of these areas, and it has been difficult to make precise assessments of the overall effectiveness of the program. This paper is the first report of prospective research project designed to monitor the impact of the national control program in rural communities located in a northeastern province and at high risk of OV infection. The participants in this initial survey were 1,569 villagers, aged 20-65 years, living in two subdistricts of Yasothon Province. Stool examinations showed that 38.68% were infected with OV. Males were slightly more likely to be infected than females, but the difference was not statistically significant. Infection was found to be positively associated with age in both males and females. The preliminary data indicate that the population selected for study is suitable for the purpose of the monitoring project. PMID:22994767

  1. A short history of nuclear activities in Mendoza province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uranium was found in Mendoza in 1946 in 'Soberania' and 'Independencia' mines. After its creation in 1950 CNEA, together with Cuyo National University (UNC), developed the mining industry starting with the 'Papagayos' mine. It can be considered the beginning of the systematic exploitation of uranium in the country. In course of time the province of Mendoza passed to get one of the most uraniferous reserve of Argentina and it has accumulated the major production till now. However, in the last years there has been opposition to resume the production in the Sierra Pintada Uranium Manufacturing Complex. There was also a powerful land continuous progress in the field of no energetic applications of nuclear techniques in the province. The most outstanding example is the 'School of Nuclear Medicine Foundation', with installations in Mendoza city and in San Rafael. Besides, there is a research and development group in Cuyo National University devoted to the Nuclear Safety. Finally, we can not fail to mention the Auger Pierre Project, which is building in Malargue an observatory for the study of the cosmic rays. (author)

  2. PARASITIC CONTAMINATION OF WELLS DRINKING WATER IN MAZANDARAN PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Yousefi ? H. Ziaei hezarjaribi ? A. A. Enayati ? R. A. Mohammadpoor

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available There is a direct relation between the prevalence of some parasitic diseases and the presence of those etiologic agents in water. The purpose of this research was to determine the contamination rate of wells drinking water to parasites in Mazandaran province in the north of Iran. 989 water samples were randomly taken based on the population of towns and number of health centers from 12 cities of Mazandaran province and transferred to the laboratory in sterile containers. Water samples were then filtered and analyzed according to the World Health Organization guidelines. Direct method and Gram staining procedure were used to identify the parasites. If cryptosporidium was seen, floatation (sheather’s sugar and modified Ziehl-Neelsen staining method were performed. Parasites count was undertaken using McMaster counting slide (0.3 mL. 197 out of 989 water samples were contaminated with different parasites. From 197 contaminated samples, 20 different types of parasites were separated of which 53 (26.9% were pathogenic, 100 (50.8% non pathogenic, and 44 non-infective stages of parasites. Distance between wells and sources of contamination, type of water distribution systems, city and chlorination status had significantly statistical relationship with contamination prevalence (p<0.001. According to the results and considering the direct correlation between safe water and human health, proper implementation of providing hygienic drinking water should be enforced.

  3. Evaluation of Congenital Hypothyroidism in Fars Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamdollah Karamifar

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: In Iran thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH based neonatal screening program is included in health care services from 2005 for detection of patients with primary congenital hypothyroidism (CH. This study was performed for a critical evaluation of the screening program primary congenital hypothyroidism in Fars province,Iran.Methods: From November 2006 to September 2007, TSH serum concentrations of 63031 newborns, 3 to 5 days old born in Fars province, were measured by heel prick. The newborns with TSH ?5mIU/L were recalled for measurement of serumT4 and TSH in venous blood samples Findings: Of 127 recalled subjects, 43 were confirmed to be hypothyroid, showing a prevalence of 1:1465 with F:M ratio of 1.05:1. The most common clinical and radiological findings were prolonged jaundice (73%, large anterior fontanel (56%, wide posterior fontanel (55%, absence of distal femoral epiphysis (20%, andumbilical hernia (11%. Scintigraphy of the thyroid with 99mTC revealed eutopia (67.4%, hypoplasia (23.3%,agenesis (4.7% and ectopia (2.3%.Conclusion: It is concluded that a cut off value of TSH?5mIU/L overestimates recalling the number of patientswith CH. The most common cause of congenital hypothyroidism is not dysgenesis of the gland and perhaps dyshormonogenesis in Iran is more common than what is reported in other countries.

  4. Molecular analysis of fragile X syndrome in Antalya Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bilgen T

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Detection of the (CGGn repeats in the FMR1 gene that cause the fragile X syndrome (FXS, has become a milestone for phenotype-genotype correlation in FXS. Aims: To screen the FMR1 gene CGG repeats in index cases with FXS and their family members in the Antalya Province. Setting and design: This study was prospectively conducted between January 200and March 2005 in Department of Medical Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, Akdeniz University, Antalya. Materials and Methods: A series of 132 cases from three hospitals in Antalya Province were studied. All cases were molecularly screened using non-radioactive Expand Long PCR method that was confirmed by Southern blotting. Results: Seventeen out of 132 cases were found to have a full mutation, including three that were mosaic for premutations/full mutations. Of the 132 cases, eight were found to have the premutation size of the CGG repeats. The remaining 107 cases were identified as normal. Conclusions: Due to premature ovarian failure and Fragile X premutation Tremor/Ataxia Syndrome related with the premutation, the detection of the premutation will provide valuable information both for clinical follow-up and genetic counseling. In conclusion, our data suggest that expansion of CGG repeats in the FMR1 gene can be analyzed by Expand Long PCR, an efficient and non-radioactive method that can be used to monitor the expansion of premutation to full mutation, which would eventually lead to reduce the FXS prevalence.

  5. Economic Analysis of Production of Greenhouse Products in Kerman Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Mehrabi Basharabadi

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Kerman province is the largest producer of greenhouse cucumber and tomato in Iran. This paper calculates the interest rate of return (IRR and return period of investment (RPI in vegetable, cut flowers and strawberry in greenhouse and compares them with vegetable grown outdoors. To do the study, a random sample of 309 farmers was selected in the province of Kerman in 2005. Results showed that IRR for vegetable, cut flowers and strawberry in greenhouse was about 20, 14 and 23 respectively, and it was 45/8 percentage per year for vegetable outdoors. RPI for vegetable, cut flowers and strawberry in greenhouse was about 8, 29, and 7 years, respectively. Vegetables Production under greenhouse produces more employment opportunities, has better yields, higher price and efficient use of factors, but it has lower IRR, higher production cost, higher pesticide residue and is more capital intensive in comparison with outdoor production. Improvement of greenhouse credits, enlargement of metal greenhouses, research on yield and development of greenhouses at region 5 are the important policy-making implications of this paper.

  6. PHYSIC NUT ( JATROPHA CURCAS L. DISEASES IN LAMPUNG PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TRI MARYONO

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Intensifi ed cultivation of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L. could raise the importance of plant diseases. h e objectives of this research were to diagnose diseases occurring on physic nut in Lampung Province and to determine their intensity. Field observation was conducted in four districts: South Lampung, Tanggamus, Bandarlampung, and Tulang Bawang. Disease intensity, whether expressed as disease incidence or severity, was recorded from plant samples determined by making diagonal lines across the fi eld on which fi ve observation spots were made. On each spot, fi ve plant samples were observed. Specimens were also collected and placed individually in plastic bags for laboratory observation. h e diseases found on physic nut in Lampung Province were cercospora leaf spot, alternaria leaf spot, fusarium wilt, and bacterial wilt. In addition, leaf malformation fi rst thought to be viral disease was commonly found in many locations. Further mechanical transmission failed to produce similar symptom on tested plants and higher population of mites were found on malformed leaves than that in normal leaves. Based on the disease distribution and intensity, the most likely threatening disease in physic nut cultivation is bacterial wilt. Fusarium also caused wilt, but it was only found in one subdistrict with low incidence.

  7. Patterns of HIV prevalence among injecting drug users in the cross-border area of Lang Son Province, Vietnam, and Ning Ming County, Guangxi Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Hoang Tran V; Chen Yi; Ngu Doan; Liu Wei; Kling Ryan; Friedmann Patricia; Johnston Patrick; Des Jarlais Don C; Donghua Meng; Van Ly K; Tung Nguyen D; Binh Kieu T; Hammett Theodore M

    2005-01-01

    Abstract Background To assess patterns of injecting drug use and HIV prevalence among injecting drug users (IDUs) in an international border area along a major heroin trans-shipment route. Methods Cross-sectional surveys of IDUs in 5 sites in Lang Son Province, Vietnam (n = 348) and 3 sites in Ning Ming County, Guangxi Province, China (n = 308). Respondents were recruited through peer referral ("snowball") methods in both countries, and also from officially recorded lists of IDUs in Vietnam. ...

  8. Current Situation and Countermeasures of Fitness Club Industry of Shandong Province

    OpenAIRE

    Yun Ma

    2011-01-01

    By means of literature review, questionnaire survey and field studies, we investigated to the fitness clubs inShandong, analyzed the factors affecting the development of the fitness club industry of Shandong province, putforward the new management proposals strengthening the management consciousness of the modern athleticsindustry, so as to promote the industry of the fitness clubs of Shandong province to achieve greater development.

  9. Mortimer Hills pegmatite uranium prospect: a Rossing-type uranium deposit in the Gascoyne Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A uraninite-bearing pegmatite of large dimensions in the Gascoyne Province is described. The pegmatite is compared with the Rossing uranium ore body of South West Africa and the two are shown to have common characteristics. Exploration recommendations for Rossing-type uranium mineralization in the Gascoyne Province are made

  10. 76 FR 80870 - Notice of Determination of Pest-Free Areas in Mendoza Province, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-27

    ...APHIS-2010-0032] Notice of Determination of Pest-Free Areas in Mendoza Province, Argentina...half of Mendoza Province in Argentina as pest-free areas for Mediterranean fruit fly...criteria in our regulations for recognition as pest-free areas for Mediterranean fruit...

  11. Presence of the Giant Otter, Pteronura brasiliensis, in the Corrientes Province, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beccaceci M.D.

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available The skull of a giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis recovered in the Corrientes Province from Argentina is described. The skull, which lacks one upper canine and the lower mandible, is believed to be several decades old. This is the first collection of biological material confirming the existence of this species in the province.

  12. Geothermal energy in the Dutch province Noord-Holland. Survey of sites for geothermal energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Province of North Holland, the Netherlands, commissioned an outlook on the opportunities for geothermal energy in North Holland. The outlook addresses both the opportunities offered underground and possible locations for heat sales that follow from the regional plans of the province.

  13. Presence of the Giant Otter, Pteronura brasiliensis, in the Corrientes Province, Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Beccaceci M.D.; Waller T.

    2000-01-01

    The skull of a giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis) recovered in the Corrientes Province from Argentina is described. The skull, which lacks one upper canine and the lower mandible, is believed to be several decades old. This is the first collection of biological material confirming the existence of this species in the province.

  14. Malnutrition in China's Rural Boarding Schools: The Case of Primary Schools in Shaanxi Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Renfu; Shi, Yaojiang; Zhang, Linxiu; Liu, Chengfang; Rozelle, Scott; Sharbono, Brian

    2009-01-01

    The main goal of this paper is to document the nature of boarding schools and empirically analyse the difference in nutrition intake and malnutrition status between boarding and non-boarding students in western rural China. By using two data sets on boarding schools and boarding students in Shaanxi Province, a representative province in western…

  15. Moral Education Polices in Five Canadian Provinces: Seeking Clarity, Consistency and Coherency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leinweber, K.; Donlevy, J. K.; Gereluk, D.; Patterson, P.; Brar, J.

    2012-01-01

    This paper asks the question, "What is the current status of provincial moral education polices in the five Canadian provinces which have mandated or optional moral education programs: Saskatchewan, Ontario, Quebec, British Columbia, and Alberta?" It then offers a response through an analysis of the relevant policies in those provinces that draws…

  16. The application of ionizing radiation in medical domain in Fujian province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To promote the development of ionizing radiation in medical domain and serve the public in health, this paper analyzed the application actuality of ionizing radiation in the medical domain in Fujian Province. This paper studied up on data of radiation hygiene supervision in Fujian and similar data at home and abroad, in accordance with the national rules and regulations. In addition to military hospitals, there have been 25 radiotherapy units under operation in the province by 2007. These units are equipped with 103 radiotherapy machines and 20 hospitals have nuclear medicine departments. 140 CT machines are in running. Except some projects, like PET-CT, possession rate of large-sized medical radiological equipment for one million people in the province reached average level across the nation. The protection and application quality control of ionizing radiation in medical domain in Fujian Province lagged behind that in other provinces. Expect very few projects. The possession of large-sized medical radiological equipment for one million people in the province cannot match the province's economic status across the nation. It is necessary for the province to better the mechanism and accelerate the development of ionizing radiation application in the local medical domain. (authors)

  17. Romanisation of the population of the eastern part of the Roman province of Dalmatia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zotovi? Radmila M.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available It is considered that the territory of the eastern part of the Roman province of Dalmatia was inhabited by the population of the same ethnic and cultural identity. The process of romanization of population in the eastern part of Roman province of Dalmatia can be research through epigraphic material from gravestone and votive monuments, and morphological characteristics of gravestones.

  18. Romanisation of the population of the eastern part of the Roman province of Dalmatia

    OpenAIRE

    Zotovi? Radmila M.

    2003-01-01

    It is considered that the territory of the eastern part of the Roman province of Dalmatia was inhabited by the population of the same ethnic and cultural identity. The process of romanization of population in the eastern part of Roman province of Dalmatia can be research through epigraphic material from gravestone and votive monuments, and morphological characteristics of gravestones.

  19. Investigation of natural radioactivity level of the waters in Fujian Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors report the investigation results of natural radioactivity level in river, reservoir, offshore, spring, well and tap water in Fujian Province. There were totally 128 samples collected from 91 measuring points. The results show that the radioactivity level of varied water bodies of the province was within normal natural background

  20. TRADE AND HANDICRAFT INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT FEATURES IN IRKUTSK PROVINCE AT THE END OF XIX CENTURY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Semina Snezhana Alexandrovna

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The article highlights the importance of nature-geographic conditions and factors that determine trade and handicraft industrial features in the Irkutsk Province at the end of the XIX century. The article’s objective is to represent an overall view on handicraft industry background in the Irkutsk Province at the end of XIX Century.

  1. Investigation of natural radioactivity level of the waters in Qinghai Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper reports the investigation results of natural radioactivity level in rivers, lakes, reservoirs, springs, wells and tap water in Qinghai Province. There were totally 137 samples collected from 113 measuring points. The results show that the radioactivity level of varied water bodies of the Qinghai Province was within normal natural background

  2. Investigation of natural radioactivity level of the waters in Shandong Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The investigation results of neutral radioactivity level in river lake, reservoir, spring, well, offshore water and tap water in Shandong Province was reported. There were totally 245 samples collected from 102 measuring points. The results show that the radioactivity level of varied water bodies of the province was within normal natural background

  3. The Chon Aike province of Patagonia and related rocks in West Antarctica: A silicic large igneous province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pankhurst, R. J.; Leat, P. T.; Sruoga, P.; Rapela, C. W.; Márquez, M.; Storey, B. C.; Riley, T. R.

    1998-04-01

    The field occurrence, age, classification and geochemistry of the Mesozoic volcanic rocks of Patagonia and West Antarctica are reviewed, using published and new information. Dominated by rhyolitic ignimbrites, which form a bimodal association with minor mafic and intermediate lavas, these constitute one of the largest silicic igneous provinces known, equivalent in size to many mafic LIPs. Diachronism is recognized between the Early-Middle Jurassic volcanism of eastern Patagonia (Marifil and Chon Aike formations) and the Middle Jurassic-earliest Cretaceous volcanism of the Andean Cordillera (El Quemado, Ibañez and Tob?´fera formations). This is accompanied by a change in geochemical characteristics, from relatively high-Zr and -Nb types in the east to subalkaline arc-related rocks in the west, although the predominance of rhyolites remains a constant factor. All of the associated mafic rocks are well fractionated compared to direct mantle derivatives. Petrogenetic models favour partial melting of immature lower crust as a result of the intrusion of basaltic magmas, possibly with some hybridisation of the liquids and subsequent fractionation by crystal settling or solidification and remelting. The formation of large amounts of intracrustal silicic melt acted as a density barrier against the further rise of mafic magmas, which are thus rare in the province.

  4. China Forest Aboveground Biomass Estimation by Fusion of Inventory and Remote Sensing Data: 1st results from Heilongjiang Province and Yunnan Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, Y.; Li, Z.; Huang, G.; Sun, G.; Cheng, Z.; Zhang, Z.; Zhang, G.

    2013-12-01

    Forests play an irreplaceable role in maintaining regional ecological environment, global carbon balance and mitigating global climate change. Forest aboveground biomass (AGB) is an important indicator of forest carbon stocks. Estimating forest aboveground biomass accurately could significantly reduce the uncertainties in terrestrial ecosystem carbon cycle. LIDAR provides accurate information on the vertical structure of forests (Lefsky et al., 2007; Naesset et al., 2004; Pang et al., 2008). Combining airborne LiDAR and spaceborne LiDAR for regional forest biomass retrieval could provide a more reliable and accurate quantitative information in regional forest biomass estimate (Boudreau et al., 2008; Nelson et al., 2009; Pang et al., 2011; Saatchi et al., 2011). The Heilongjiang Province and Yunnan Province are rich in forest resources and suffers intensive forest management activities for timber products. The Heilongjiang Province is typical in temperate forest and the Yunnan Province contains multiple forest types including tropical forest. These two provinces also have good ground inventory system with thousands of permanent field plots. Two campaign consists of in-situ measurement, airborne Lidar data and spaceborne data fusion were designed and implemented. First results show that i). Both spaceborne lidar and forest inventory data are useful for AGB mapping at province level. ii). The combination of spaceborne lidar and forest inventory data gave better biomass estimation with less bias. iii). A pixel level bias mapping was also proposed and gave spatial explicit map of estimation uncertainties. This method will be investigated further with more reference data and tested in other area.

  5. Energy consumption and income in Chinese provinces: Heterogeneous panel causality analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ? We examine the Granger causality between GDP and energy use for Chinese provinces. ? We use panel causality techniques and take into consideration panel heterogeneity. ? Homogeneous causality tests fail and we test for panel heterogeneous causality. ? Causality holds for 19 provinces from GDP to energy and in the opposite direction for 14 provinces. ? The results point to the importance of the government’s recent energy-saving policies. -- Abstract: Recently, energy production in China fell behind energy consumption. This poses important challenges for the rapidly growing Chinese economy. As a consequence, the causal relationship between energy consumption and GDP is an important empirical issue. This paper examines Granger causality between energy consumption and GDP in China using province-level data. The current paper extends the Granger causality analysis employed in previous studies by taking into account panel heterogeneity. Specifically, four different causal relationships are examined: homogeneous non-causality (HNC), homogeneous causality (HC), heterogeneous non-causality (HENC), and heterogeneous causality (HEC). HC and HNC hypotheses are rejected for causality in either direction, from GDP to energy or from energy to GDP, which implies that the panel made up of Chinese provinces is not homogeneous. Then, heterogeneous causality tests (HEC ad HENC) are conducted for each province. For the causality running from GDP to energy, 19 provinces exhibit HEC and 11 provinces exhibit HENC. For the causality running from energy to GDP, 14 provinces exhibit HEC and 16 provinces exhibit HENC. The results suggest that the Chinese government should incorporate a regional perspective while formulating and implementing energy policies.

  6. Climatic Effects on the Formation and Function of Architectures Based on the Climate in Semnan Province, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Saeid Kamyabi; Hooman Mesgarian

    2014-01-01

    Semnan province is one of the vast provinces of the country that has a variety of topographical and clamatorial conditions. This province plays a key role in industrial, agricultural and animal husbandry activities. The study of its climate potential with respect to its natural limitations like lack of water resources, soil types, droughts and desertification problems has been considered as a necessity in the province annual planning. In this study, the climatic regiona...

  7. Selected conditions for the development of tourism in the sieradzkie province in the Years 1975-1998

    OpenAIRE

    Arkadiusz P?omi?ski

    2014-01-01

    On 1st June 1975 a new two-tier administrative division of the country was introduced creating 49 new provinces. One of the newly created provinces was sieradzkie. On the territory of the sieradzkie province the development of tourism was coordinated and supervised by the department for physical education and tourism (the name of the department during the period changed repeatedly). The main factors for the development of tourism in the sieradzkie province included: the amount of funding s...

  8. Herpetofauna, Parc National des Volcans, North Province, Republic of Rwanda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roelke, C. E.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Herein is presented a list of the reptiles and anurans from the Parc National des Volcans (PNV(01°43’ S, 29°52’ W, an area in the west and north provinces of the Republic of Rwanda in the Albertine Riftregion of Africa. Fieldwork was conducted between two and six days per week from June through August2007 and 2008. We also conducted literature searches of all historical expeditions within the park for speciesrecords. Seventeen species of reptiles and anurans are recorded from the PNV. Nine of the species were anurans,distributed in five families: Arthroleptidae (3, Bufonidae (1, Hyperoliidae (3, Phrynobatrachidae (1, andPipidae (1. Eight species of reptiles were recorded from five families: Chamaeleonidae (1, Lacertidae (2,Scincidae (2, Colubridae (2, and Viperidae (1. Eight of the seventeen species found in the PNV are endemicto the Albertine Rift.

  9. Ochratoxin A in dried grapes in Hamadan province, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heshmati, Ali; Mozaffari Nejad, Amir Sasan

    2015-12-01

    The occurrence of ochratoxin A (OTA) in dried grapes was surveyed in this study. Sixty-six samples of dried grapes (40 currants, 16 sultanas and 10 raisins) were collected from dried grapes factories in Hamadan province, Iran, from October 2012 to March 2013. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to determine OTA in these samples. OTA was detected in 23 (57.5%) currants, 10 (62.5%) sultanas and 6 (60%) raisins samples. Levels in five samples exceeded the Institute of Standards and Industrial Research of Iran (ISIRI) maximum level of 5 µg/kg. However, OTA content in none of the samples exceeded the maximum limit prescribed in the European Union (EU) regulations, which is 10 µg/kg. The obtained data contribute to information on OTA levels in Iranian dried grapes. PMID:26219951

  10. Pisces, Anegada Bay protected area, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Llompart, F. M.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We provide the first list of marine fish from Anegada Bay, a coastal protected area in Buenos AiresProvince. Fish records were obtained from gillnets and recreational fishery captures. Thirty seven speciesbelonging to 29 families and 18 orders were identified. The most numerous order was Perciformes witheight families and 10 species. Odontesthes argentinensis, Micropogonias furnieri, Cynoscion guatucupa andMustelus schmitti were verified in all sampling sites and the last two were the most represented either in theexperimental fishing and recreational captures. Presence of Lagocephalus laevigatus extended the so far knownrange distribution of this fish species, representing the southernmost records in Argentinean coastal waters.The fish fauna composition from Anegada Bay could be considered as from a transitional zone.

  11. Moessbauer studies of impactites from Huamalies province in Huanuco Region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report is about the X-ray diffraction and Moessbauer studies of three impactite samples denominated PMe-8, PMe-9 and PMe-11 from Huamalies Province in Huanuco Region, Peru. When terrestrial rocks are submitted to pressures higher than 60 GP, the majority is completely melted, forming a kind of glass called impactites. X-ray diffraction indicates the presence of quartz as the principal mineralogical phase in all samples. The 57Fe Moessbauer spectra at room temperature of samples PMe-8 and PMe-9 show broadened spectra that were fitted using a distribution model. The most probable field of the magnetic component is 34 T, corresponding to the presence of small particles of goethite, confirmed by the 4.2 K spectrum. For the sample PMe-11, the MS showed the presence of well crystallized hematite.

  12. Student nurses' experiences during clinical practice in the Limpopo Province

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    BT, Mabuda; E, Potgieter; UU, Alberts.

    Full Text Available A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and contextual study was conducted to explore student nurses' experiences during clinical practice at a nursing college in the Limpopo Province. Purposive sampling was used and phenomenological interviews were held with eleven (11) student nurses who were in t [...] heir final year of the four year basic nursing programme. The interviews were analysed by using Tesch's method of data analysis for qualitative research. The findings indicate that there are aspects which impact negatively on student nurses' clinical learning experiences, such as lack of teaching and learning support, lack of opportunities for learning, poor theory-practice integration, and poor interpersonal relationships between the students, college tutors and ward staff. Recommendations to enhance the clinical learning experiences of student nurses were outlined.

  13. Overexploitation of Abalone at Libong Island, Trang Province, Southern Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chanyut Sudtongkong

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abalone is generally known as a fishery resource of high economic value. The wild abalone from Libong Island iswidely known for its potential as a cocktail-size and high-quality broodstock for hatcheries. The high market price andexternal demand have encouraged local fisherman to catch the wild abalone without proper management, resulting in a nearextinction crisis in the abalone population in this area. The present evaluation of abalone management at Libong Island,Trang Province, Thailand, was conducted using local user perceptions. Sixteen performance indicators included effectiveness indicators, equity indicators, and sustainable indicators. These were measured to determine whether the abalonemanagement activities had achieved the set objectives in terms of better conditions for abalone cultivation and sustainability.The results revealed that the abalone population has undergone degrading and decline due to lack of proper managementmeasures in this area. The findings suggest that practical management is needed for the abalone population at Libong Island.

  14. "Seroepidemiological Survey of Brucellosis Among Animal Farmers of Yazd Province"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MH Salari

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Brucellosis has remained a great problem of health in most of countries, which have failed in control of zoonosis infections. This disease is caused by species of Brucella and usually is transferred from animals to humans. The purpose of this study was to investigate the seroprevalence of brucellosis among animal farmers of Yazd province. In this descriptive study, 933 animal farmers were investigated by serological tests and blood culture method. Then the data were analyzed by SPPS statistical program. The results showed that the frequency distribution of seropositive cases by MAT and STAT were 35 (3.2%; 25 (2.7% males and 10 (1.1% females. The highest and lowest incidences of seropositive cases were among age group of 21-30 (1% and more than 60 (0.3% years old, respectively. Of the 35 seropositive cases, 2MET positive were 5 (0.5%, while all blood cultures were negative.

  15. New species of Erica (Ericaceae from the Cape Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. G. H. Oliver

    1990-12-01

    Full Text Available Three new species of Erica L. (Ericaceae are described from the southern parts of the Cape Province.  E. amicorum E.G.H. Oliver, an endemic marsh species from the Langeberg near Riversdale, is one of the most distinctive species in the genus on account of its almost free reflexed petals, reflexed stamens and exserted gynoecium. The mat-forming  E. tegetiformis E.G.H Oliver is allied to E. senilis Klotzsch ex Benth. and E. eriophoros Guth. & Bol., all occurring at high altitudes in the Cold Bokkeveld and Cedarberg.  E. cunoniensis E.G.H. Oliver is allied to the E. squarrosa Salisb./E.  gysbertii Guth. & Bol. complex and is very localized in the mountains of the western part of the Caledon Division near Rooi Els.

  16. Changes in Ecosystem Service Values in Fuxin City, Liaoning Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guowei Li

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Variation in ecosystem services value across land-use scenarios in Fuxin City of Liaoning Province were explored in the study. Two-period land use survey data (1996 and 2010 were used to estimate changes in the size of seven land use categories and the most recently published value equivalent was used to estimate changes in the values of ecosystem services. The total value of ecosystem services in Fuxin City was 17674.75 million Yuan in 1996 and 19077.59 million Yuan in 2010, with an increase of 1402.84 million Yuan mainly due to the inclining areas of forestland and grass land, which indicated the eco-environment in Fuxin City has been becoming better and better. However, agricultural land including farmland and orchard showed the tendency of decrease, which indicated food security has been facing with challenge in Fuxin City.

  17. Migration, fertility, and state policy in Hubei Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstein, A; White, M; Goldstein, S

    1997-11-01

    Despite China's one-child family planning policy, the nation experienced a slight rise in the birth rate in the mid-1980s. Many observers attributed this rise to the heightened fertility of those rural-to-urban migrants who moved without a change in registration (temporary migrants), presumably to avoid the surveillance of family planning programs at origin and destination. Using a sequential logit analysis with life-history data from a 1988 survey of Hubei Province, we test this possibility by comparing nonmigrants, permanent migrants, and temporary migrants. While changing family planning policies have a strong impact on timing of first birth and on the likelihood of higher-order births, migrants generally do not have more children than nonmigrants. In fact, migration tends to lower the propensity to have a child. More specifically, the fertility of temporary migrants does not differ significantly from that of other women. PMID:9545626

  18. Identifying sports cultural opportunity – Case Study of Mazandaran Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Ahmadzadeh

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Sport is an important tool to draw the national attention. Sport is a big assembly to make identity. Also, sport is a cause for identity and unity. The purpose of this study is to identify the cultural opportunity of sport in the province of Mazandaran in Iran. The research method was mixed. Sequential exploratory mixed method of the first method is qualitative and quantitative methods. The study included all the Mazandaran managers, coaches, experts, judges and athletes at the national level. The results show that directors, judges and experts believe that people's happiness and euphoria in winning the sports events is the most sport important cultural opportunity in Mazandaran (All kinds of sport were included. A lot of money is spent on TV programs and movies to fill the people's free time.

  19. Bryophytes of beach forests in Chon Buri Province, Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phiangphak Sukkharak

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available An investigation of bryophyte diversity of three beach forests including Had Tung Prong, Had Tein Talay, and the beach forest in Thai Island and Sea Natural History Museum in Chon Buri Province, Thailand, was carried out. From 137 enumerated specimens, 16 species (6 mosses, 10 liverworts in 12 genera (5 mosses, 7 liverworts and eight families (5 mosses, 3 liverworts were found. Among those the most common families of mosses are Fissidentaceae (2 species and the most common families of liverwort are Lejeuneaceae (8 species. A comparison of species richness among the three areas revealed that the highest species richness of bryophytes was found in Had Tung Prong. Moreover, of all bryophyte species found, Weissia edentula Mitt. was the most common one.

  20. Uranium provinces of the Indian subcontinent and surroundings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two major regions of India, the Peninsular Indian Shield and the Himalayan Orogen, host a variety of uranium deposits and occurrences. The uranium provinces identified in the Indian Shield include four contiguous regions. The most predominant uranium mineralizations are of the hydrothermal disseminated and vein types, the quartz-pebble conglomerate type and the sandstone type. Uranium also occurs in association with phosphorites and black shales in the Himalayan region and parts of the Indian Shield. Some of the hydrothermal deposits have peneconcordant gradational stratabound characteristics suggestive of an initial syngenetic character and subsequent remobilization into zones of major tectonic and later magmatic activity. Many of the provinces are intimately associated with polymetallic mineralization, especially copper, nickel and molybdenum, as exemplified by the Singhbhum uranium-copper belt of eastern India. A broad time-bound character can be assigned to the mineralizations. Early quartz-pebble conglomerate mineralization during the period 2600 to 2900 million years (Ma) is followed by subsequent hydrothermal shear controlled mineralization in the time ranges 1600 to 1400 and 1200 to 700 Ma. In the Phanerozoic, uranium has been recycled into sedimentary basins from the earlier belts of Precambrian mineralization. This has resulted in sediments highly enriched in uranium in the Permo-Carboniferous, Cretaceous and Mio-Plio-Pleistocene sedimentary sequences. The geological knowledge gained by exploration efforts in the Indian subcontinent, with regard to the uranium potential in specific tectonic and lithostratigraphic horizons, has relevance in identifying favourable target areas in the adjoining countries of South-East Asia. 57 refs, 3 figs, 6 tabs

  1. Peculiarities of sulphur functionalities in the Thracian coal province, Bulgaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marinov S P

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available The Thracian coal province in Bulgaria is comprised of three main coal basins, Maritza East, Maritza West and Elhovo, with extremely immature coals (Rr = 0.18-0.21%. These Miocene-Pliocene aged low rank coals (lignites are characterized by high ash and sulphur contents, and low calorific values. Temperature programmed reduction/oxidation at atmospheric pressure (AP-TPR/TPO, coupled with on-line mass spectrometer (AP-TPR/TPO-MS and with an off-line gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer (GC-MS, were applied to the qualitative and semi-quantitative analysis of sulphur functionalities in representative samples from each basin of the coal province. Carbonates and mineral sulphur were removed by preliminary treatment with diluted acids at mild conditions to prevent effects on the TPR kinetograms. This treatment mainly removed the mineral sulphur, and its effects on organic sulphur were insignificant. Most of the organic sulphur in the Thracian lignites occurs in thiophenic structures (~ 60%. The TPR-MS profiles showed the presence of alkyl and aryl thiols, dialkyl and aryl-alkyl sulphides and thiophenes. The main organic sulphur compounds registered by the off-line AP-TPR-GC-MS were highly volatile compounds (thiols, sulphides, disulphides, alkylated thiophenes, and a lesser proportion of benzothiophenes. The disulphides (-SS- are relatively abundant in the Maritza East and Elhovo lignites. They are probably the main aliphatic sulphur species in the coal's organic matter. Aliphatic chains with sulphur bridges are also principal structural functionalities in the Maritza West organic matter. Aromatic compounds with two aromatic rings and high degrees of substitution could be key organic structures in the studied lignites.

  2. The formation and fate of large oceanic igneous provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saunders, A. D.; Tarney, J.; Kerr, A. C.; Kent, R. W.

    1996-04-01

    Large igneous provinces are conspicuous features of late Phanerozoic geology, and include continental flood basalts, rifted continental margin volcanic sequences and oceanic plateaus. The latter are formed in an environment which typically recycles back into the mantle on a time scale of Caribbean/Colombian obducted plateau, and comment on their make-up and the factors governing their preservation, with particular relevance to ancient terranes. Many large igneous provinces can be linked to mantle plumes. Where plumes ascend beneath spreading ridges, their energy is transformed into a large melt volume, producing over-thickened plateau crust. Where the spreading rate is low in relation to magma supply, the plateau may become subaerial (e.g. Iceland), but with fast spreading the plateau remains submarine. Thicker lithosphere may result in plume incubation before magma extrusion, and there are many intermediate situations where plumes could readily break through thin lithosphere (oceanic or continental). Because magma supply exceeds extension rate, plateaus may be characterised by thick sequences of flows and sills rather than the sheeted dykes typical of Phanerozoic ophiolites. Precambrian greenstones could represent imbricated oceanic plateaus, or plumes penetrating thin continental lithosphere. The initial high temperature and the buoyant nature of the depleted refractory keel of plateaus contributes to their preservation relative to normal oceanic crust. When they collide with active margins they choke the subduction zone, causing subduction "flip" or "backstep" and the development of extensive calc-alkaline arc volcanism on top of the plateau sequences. However, after ? 100 m.y. they are potentially negatively buoyant, so if fluids become available to promote transformation of the deeper zones to eclogite, they may be able to spontaneously subduct.

  3. Odyssean malaria outbreaks in Gauteng Province, South Africa, 2007 - 2013

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    J, Frean; B, Brooke; J, Thomas; L, Blumberg.

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Odyssean malaria refers to malaria transmitted by translocated mosquitoes and is a diagnosis of exclusion, as the probability of finding the responsible vector is miniscule. We believe that road traffic from endemic areas in and around South Africa is the source of most of the infected m [...] osquitoes. Because of the unexpected nature of the disease, diagnosis is often delayed and severe and complicated malaria is common. OBJECTIVES: To describe outbreaks of odyssean malaria during the period 2007 through 2013 in Gauteng Province, South Africa, and to educate healthcare workers about this form of malaria. METHODS: Site visits, environmental hygiene inspections, patient interviews, and entomological investigations for adult mosquitoes and larvae in potential breeding sites were done in each identified outbreak. RESULTS: Over the period, 14 laboratory-proven and 7 probable cases of odyssean malaria were investigated. There were 2 deaths (9.5% case fatality rate, approximately 10 times higher than the national fatality rate for malaria). We describe two recent clusters of cases in detail, and emphasise the importance of clinician awareness of this rare but frequently severe form of malaria. CONCLUSION: Odyssean malaria cases are inevitable in South Africa, given the volume of road, rail and air traffic from malaria risk areas into Gauteng and other non-endemic provinces. It is likely that many cases are missed, owing to the rare and sporadic nature of the condition. Malaria should always be kept in mind as a cause of unexplained fever and thrombocytopenia, even in the absence of a travel history.

  4. The burden of imported malaria in Gauteng province

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ingrid B, Weber; Lee, Baker; Joy, Mnyaluza; Maila J, Matjila; Karen, Barnes; Lucille, Blumberg.

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To describe the burden of malaria in Gauteng Province, and to identify potential risk factors for severe disease. DESIGN: We conducted a prospective survey of malaria cases diagnosed in hospitals throughout Gauteng from December 2005 to end November 2006. OUTCOME MEASURES: Malaria freque [...] ncy, severity, and treatment. RESULTS: We identified 1 701 malaria cases; 1 548 (91%) were seen at public sector hospitals and 153 (9%) at private hospitals; 1 149 (68%) patients were male. Median age was 27 years (range 1 month - 89 years). Most (84%) infections were presumed to be acquired in Mozambique. Disease severity did not differ by age or sex. Patients who were South Africanborn were more likely to have severe disease (OR=1.43 (1.08 - 1.91)), as were patients who experienced a delay >48 hours between onset of symptoms and diagnosis or treatment (OR=1.98 (1.48 - 2.65)). While most patients appropriately received quinine, only 9% of severe malaria cases received the recommended loading dose. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of malaria in Gauteng was higher than previously reported, emphasising the need to prevent malaria in travellers by correct use of non-drug measures and, when indicated, malaria chemoprophylaxis. Disease severity was increased by delays between onset and treatment and lack of partial immunity. Providers should consult the latest guidelines for treatment of malaria in South Africa, particularly about treatment of severe malaria. A change in drug policy to artemisinin combination therapy for imported uncomplicated malaria in non-malaria risk provinces should be strongly considered.

  5. Evaluation of radiation methods to study potential evapotranspiration of 31 provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valipour, Mohammad

    2015-06-01

    The present study aims to calibrate radiation-based methods to determine the best method under different weather conditions. For this purpose, weather data was collected from different synoptic stations in all of provinces of Iran. The potential evapotranspiration was estimated using common radiation-based methods and a sensitive analysis was done for investigating variations of the methods. The results show that the Stephens method estimates the potential evapotranspiration better than other methods in the most provinces of Iran (10 provinces). However, the values of R 2 were less than 0.98 for 15 provinces of Iran. The calibrated methods estimated the potential evapotranspiration in the south east of Iran better than other provinces. Precision of the methods calibrated has been increased in all provinces. The R 2 values are less than 0.98 for only six provinces (WA, EA, GO, NK, AL, and QO). In the methods calibrated, the Abtew (for YA) estimated the potential evapotranspiration better than the other methods.

  6. Problems and Countermeasures of Tour-Guide Services in Liaoning Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna YE

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Tourism of Liaoning Province is developing with a fast speed. High quality services provided by tour guides are necessary for the development of the industry. However, in recent years, the quality and ability of the tour guides in Liaoning Province are both downgrading, and many problems in the process of service are popping up one after another. Therefore, the research into the problems of the tour-guide services in Liaoning Province has great realistic significance.
    Key words: Tour-guide service; Satisfaction; Good faith

  7. Ranking provinces based on development scale in agriculture sector using taxonomy technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahram Rostampour

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to determine comparative ranking of agricultural development in different provinces of Iran using taxonomy technique. The independent variables are amount of annual rainfall amount, the number of permanent rivers, the width of pastures and forest, cultivated level of agricultural harvests and garden harvests, number of beehives, the number of fish farming ranches, the number of tractors and combines, the number of cooperative production societies, the number of industrial cattle breeding and aviculture. The results indicate that the maximum development coefficient value is associated with Razavi Khorasan province followed by Mazandaran, East Azarbayjan while the minimum ranking value belongs to Bushehr province.

  8. The Circum-Hellas Volcanic Province, Mars: Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, David A.; Greeley, Ronald; Fergason, Robin L.; Kuzmin, Ruslan; McCord, Thomas B.; Combe, Jean-Phillipe; Head, James W.; Xiao, Long; Manfredi, Leon; Poulet, François; Pinet, Patrick; Baratoux, David; Plaut, Jeffrey J.; Raitala, Jouko; Neukum, Gerhard; the HRSC Co-Investigator Team

    2009-07-01

    Building on previous studies of volcanoes around the Hellas basin with new studies of imaging (High-Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC), Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC), High-Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), Context Imager (CTX)), multispectral (HRSC, Observatoire pour la Minéralogie, l'Eau, les Glaces et l'Activité (OMEGA)), topographic (Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA)) and gravity data, we define a new Martian volcanic province as the Circum-Hellas Volcanic Province (CHVP). With an area of >2.1 million km 2, it contains the six oldest central vent volcanoes on Mars, which formed after the Hellas impact basin, between 4.0 and 3.6 Ga. These volcanoes mark a transition from the flood volcanism that formed Malea Planum ˜3.8 Ga, to localized edifice-building eruptions. The CHVP volcanoes have two general morphologies: (1) shield-like edifices (Tyrrhena, Hadriaca, and Amphitrites Paterae), and (2) caldera-like depressions surrounded by ridged plains (Peneus, Malea, and Pityusa Paterae). Positive gravity anomalies are found at Tyrrhena, Hadriaca, and Amphitrites, perhaps indicative of dense magma bodies below the surface. The lack of positive-relief edifices and weak gravity anomalies at Peneus, Malea, and Pityusa suggest a fundamental difference in their formation, styles of eruption, and/or compositions. The northernmost volcanoes, the ˜3.7-3.9 Ga Tyrrhena and Hadriaca Paterae, have low slopes, well-channeled flanks, and smooth caldera floors (at tens of meters/pixel scale), indicative of volcanoes formed from poorly consolidated pyroclastic deposits that have been modified by fluvial and aeolian erosion and deposition. The ˜3.6 Ga Amphitrites Patera also has a well-channeled flank, but it and the ˜3.8 Ga Peneus Patera are dominated by scalloped and pitted terrain, pedestal and ejecta flow craters, and a general 'softened' appearance. This morphology is indicative not only of surface materials subjected to periglacial processes involving water ice, but also of a surface composed of easily eroded materials such as ash and dust. The southernmost volcanoes, the ˜3.8 Ga Malea and Pityusa Paterae, have no channeled flanks, no scalloped and pitted terrain, and lack the 'softened' appearance of their surfaces, but they do contain pedestal and ejecta flow craters and large, smooth, bright plateaus in their central depressions. This morphology is indicative of a surface with not only a high water ice content, but also a more consolidated material that is less susceptible to degradation (relative to the other four volcanoes). We suggest that Malea and Pityusa (and possibly Peneus) Paterae are Martian equivalents to Earth's giant calderas (e.g., Yellowstone, Long Valley) that erupted large volumes of volcanic materials, and that Malea and Pityusa are probably composed of either lava flows or ignimbrites. HRSC and OMEGA spectral data indicate that dark gray to slightly red materials (often represented as blue or black pixels in HRSC color images), found in the patera floors and topographic lows throughout the CHVP, have a basaltic composition. A key issue is whether this dark material represents concentrations of underlying basaltic material eroded by various processes and exposed by aeolian winnowing, or if the material was transported from elsewhere on Mars by regional winds. Understanding the provenance of these dark materials may be the key to understanding the volcanic diversity of the Circum-Hellas Volcanic Province.

  9. Malaria prevalence in Nias District, North Sumatra Province, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laowo Idaman

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Nias district of the North Sumatra Province of Indonesia has long been known to be endemic for malaria. Following the economic crisis at the end of 1998 and the subsequent tsunami and earthquake, in December 2004 and March 2005, respectively, the malaria control programme in the area deteriorated. The present study aims to provide baseline data for the establishment of a suitable malaria control programme in the area and to analyse the frequency distribution of drug resistance alleles associated with resistance to chloroquine and sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine. Methods Malariometric and entomology surveys were performed in three subdistricts. Thin and thick blood smears were stained with Giemsa and examined under binocular light microscopy. Blood blots on filter paper were also prepared for isolation of parasite and host DNA to be used for molecular analysis of band 3 (SAO, pfcrt, pfmdr1, dhfr, and dhps. In addition, haemoglobin measurement was performed in the second and third surveys for the subjects less than 10 years old. Results Results of the three surveys revealed an average slide positivity rate of 8.13%, with a relatively higher rate in certain foci. Host genetic analysis, to identify the Band 3 deletion associated with Southeast Asian Ovalocytosis (SAO, revealed an overall frequency of 1.0% among the 1,484 samples examined. One hundred six Plasmodium falciparum isolates from three sub-districts were successfully analysed. Alleles of the dhfr and dhps genes associated with resistance to sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine, dhfr C59R and S108N, and dhps A437G and K540E, were present at frequencies of 52.2%, 82.5%, 1.18% and 1.18%, respectively. The pfmdr1 alleles N86Y and N1042D, putatively associated with mefloquine resistance, were present at 31.4% and 2%, respectively. All but one sample carried the pfcrt 76T allele associated with chloroquine resistance. Entomologic surveys identified three potential anopheline vectors in the area, Anopheles barbirostris, Anopheles kochi and Anopheles sundaicus. Conclusion The cross sectional surveys in three different sub-districts of Nias District clearly demonstrated the presence of relatively stable endemic foci of malaria in Nias District, North Sumatra Province, Indonesia. Molecular analysis of the malaria parasite isolates collected from this area strongly indicates resistance to chloroquine and a growing threat of resistance to sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine. This situation highlights the need to develop sustainable malaria control measures through regular surveillance and proper antimalarial drug deployment.

  10. Geochemistry of Heavy Minerals from Wang River, Lampang Province, Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    KIM, T.; Lee, I.

    2014-12-01

    Wang River, known as Mae Nam Wang, is located in Northern part of Thailand. It is 440km long and has a catchment area 10,791km2. It originates from Mt. Phi Pannam and flows south-westward to join Ping River at Tak Province. The study area is the upper part of Wang River, which is located in the Wang Nua District, Lampang Province. The upper part of Wang River has been mined for gold placer deposit for a long time by local residents. Previous studies, dealing with gold grain morphology and chemistry of this area, reported several heavy mineral assemblages. In this study, we focused on geochemistry of detrital heavy mineral assemblage occurring within placer gold deposit of the study area to trace the provenances of the detrital heavy minerals and to evaluate the economic value of the detrital heavy mineral deposits on upper part of Wang River. The samples from the study area were prepared by panning and heavy liquid separation for analyses. An Energy Dispersive System (EDS) in Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) was used for identification and image analysis of the detrital grains. The assemblage of heavy minerals in this area consists of ilmenite, zircon, hematite, magnetite, garnet, and rutile. Ilmenite (>21.5%) is the most common heavy mineral in the prepared heavy mineral sample. The proportion of zircon, hematite, magnetite, garnet, and rutile are approximately 15.0%, 14.7%, 10.5%, 5.8%, and 5.1% respectively. A plot of FeO-TiO2-Fe2O3 ternary diagram shows that most of iron-titanium oxides are plotted near or above the line of ilmenite (FeTiO3) - hematite (Fe2O3) solid solution, which is continuous solid solution above 800?. It provides useful information about forming condition of the source rock. Furthermore, the combination of the chemical analyses results with detailed geologic setting of the study area can be a tool to trace the provenances of the detrital heavy minerals.

  11. The Description of the Naiads of Orthetrum, Trithemis and Sympetrum (Odonata:Libellulidae from Sindh Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riaz Hussain

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The naiads or nymphs of three genera namely Orthetrum, Trithemis and Sympetrum collected from the various locations of the Sindh Province of Pakistan are described in detail with illustrations.

  12. Map Service Showing Geology, Oil and Gas Fields, and Geologic Provinces of South America

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This digitally compiled map includes geology, oil and gas fields, and geologic provinces of South America. The oil and gas map is part of a worldwide series...

  13. The first human infection with severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus in Shaanxi Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Wei

    2015-06-01

    Conclusions: SFTSV readily infects humans with outdoor exposure. The results of the serological study indicate that the virus circulates widely in Shaanxi Province. SFTSV represents a public health threat in China.

  14. AN INVESTIGATION OF MULTIDIMENSIONAL ENERGY POVERTY IN PAKISTAN: A PROVINCE LEVEL ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Falak Sher

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Present study employs Alkire and Foster’s (2007 methodology to measure Multidimensional Energy Poverty (MEP at provincial level in Pakistan. MEP Headcount has been calculated using PSLM data. Indoor pollution is found to be the largest contributor to MEP Headcount in all four provinces of Pakistan while cooking fuel is the second largest contributor. Results of MEP Headcount show that 47%, 51%, 69% and 66% of the households residing in Punjab, Sindh, Khyber Pakhtoon Khaw (KPK and Baluchistan provinces of Pakistan respectively are energy poor. Households of all the four provinces are most deprived in the dimension of indoor pollution i.e. in the range of 49% to 63% followed by cooking fuel i.e. in the range of 35% to 59%. Deprivation is least in the dimension of home appliances for all provinces except Baluchistan which is least deprived in entertainment appliances dimension.

  15. Map Service Showing Geology, Oil and Gas Fields, and Geologic Provinces of the Arctic

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The digitally compiled map includes geology, oil and gas field centerpoints, and geologic provinces of the Arctic (North Pole area encircled by 640 N Latitude). The...

  16. Geologic Provinces of the Circum-Arctic, 2008 (north of the Arctic Circle)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This shapefile includes arcs and polygons that describe U.S. Geological Survey defined 33 geologic provinces of the Circum-Arctic (north of the Arctic Circle). Each...

  17. Map Service Showing Geology and Geologic Provinces of the Asia Pacific Region

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map service includes geology, major faults, geologic provinces, and political boundaries in the Asia Pacific Region. This compilation is part of an interim...

  18. National Assessment of Oil and Gas Project - Florida Peninsula Province (050) Positive Structural Elements

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The Positive Structural Elements coverage maps, in the form of polygons, are known structural highs within the province that commonly define a basin proper or...

  19. Geologic Provinces of the Arabian Peninsula and adjacent areas, 2000 (prv2bg)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This data set includes arcs, polygons, and polygon labels for geologic and petroleum provinces interpreted and designated by R.M. Pollastro based on numerous...

  20. Geologic provinces of Europe including Turkey, 2000 (prv4_2l)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This coverage includes arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe U.S. Geological Survey defined geologic provinces of Europe including Turkey. (Albania,...

  1. Map Service Showing Geology, Oil and Gas Fields, and Geologic Provinces of Europe including Turkey

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This digitally compiled map includes geology, oil and gas fields, and geologic provinces of Europe. The oil and gas map is part of a worldwide series released on...

  2. Attributes for NHDPlus Catchments (Version 1.1) for the Conterminous United States: Physiographic Provinces

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This dataset represents the area of each physiographic province (Fenneman and Johnson, 1946) in square meters, compiled for every catchment of NHDPlus for the...

  3. Geologic Provinces of Australia and New Zealand, 2000 (prv3cl)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This coverage includes arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe U.S. Geological Survey defined geologic provinces of the Australia and New Zealand area...

  4. Hidrogeologic and geophysical studies into Agro school Melo UTU Cerro Largo province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The technical University UTU of Uruguay requested and Hidrogeologic study with the aim to analyze the factibility to discover underground stream waters which supply groundwaters into agro school Ing Agr. Alcides E Pintos Melo, Cerro Largo province.

  5. Map Service Showing Geology, Oil and Gas Fields and Geological Provinces of the Former Soviet Union

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map service includes geology, center points of oil and gas fields, geologic provinces, and political boundaries in the Former Soviet Union. This compilation is...

  6. Geologic Provinces of the Former Soviet Union, 2000 (prv1ec)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — These data represent geologic and petroleum provinces interpreted and designated by the authors and based on numerous literature and map resources. Geologic...

  7. Map Service Showing Geology, Oil and Gas Fields, and Geologic Provinces of Africa

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map service includes geology, oil and gas field centerpoints, and geologic provinces of Africa with some of these components extended into geographically...

  8. Analysis of Countermeasures for Development of Micro-credit in Jilin Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing XU

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available As a large province renowned for grain exporting, agriculture is regarded as the main industry of Jilin Province. Therefore, it is of great significance to promote the development and reform of new financial institutions-small loan companies and increase farmers’ revenue as well. With micro-credit in Jilin Province as the research target, the paper states the current condition of micro-credit, makes an analysis of drawbacks in the development of micro-credit and the negative factors which restrain its development, and then discusses how to promote optimum development of micro-credit in Jilin Province through three aspects, including improving the relevant guarantee system of RCC (Rural Credit Cooperative to create good economic environment, protecting the rights of the two parties involved in the loan and bringing in external investment, etc..  

  9. National Assessment of Oil and Gas Project - Uinta-Piceance Province (020) Maturation Contours

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The maturation contours show vitrinite reflectance trends and ranges for five key petroleum system horizons within the Uinta-Piceance Province. The horizons are the...

  10. Superfund GIS - Physiographic Provinces, Aquifer Outcrops and Recharge Rates in Tennessee

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This dataset is a coverage of the physiographic provinces, aquifer outcrops and recharge rates for Tennessee. Each polygon is attributed with its associated...

  11. A Riot Problem in Three Southern Frontier Province: A Cultural Management Model by Means of Peace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niphon Chuchouisuwan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: It was evident that a riot problem in Three Southern Frontier Provinces of Thailand resulted from many factors such as an economic factor, a social factor, a political factor, an educational factor, a religious factor, a cultural factor, a traditional factor, including a geographical location. These factors linked one another to affect systematically a riot problem in Three Southern Frontier Provinces and the centre of the problem was a religious factor. The purposes of this research were these: (1 to investigate the background of a riot problem in Three Southern Frontier Provinces, (2 to investigate cultural dimensions used for solving a riot problem in Three Southern Frontier Provinces and (3 to investigate a cultural management model by means of peace for solving a riot problem in Three Southern Frontier Provinces. Approach: Research areas consisted of 7 villages in Narathiwas Province, 6 villages in Pattani Province and 5 villages in Yala Province. These are crisis areas and there are some youth who had ever participated in ?San Jai Thai Su Jai Tai? Project (a project for supporting people who affected by the riot have lived in. A population was people in 18 villages of Three Southern Frontier Province. A sample was selected by means of a purposive sampling consisted of 54 key informants, 108 casual informants and 108 general informants. Research instruments used for collecting data were a survey, an observation, an interview, a focus group interview and a workshop. A triangulation technique was used for examining data and research results were presented by means of a descriptive analysis. Results: A riot problem in Three Southern Frontier Provinces results from the differences of culture and ways of life between the Buddhist-Thai people and the Islamic-Thai people. The majority of local population are Muslims, they have their own cultural identity so these differences cause many problems such as a problem of cultural misunderstanding, problem of beliefs misunderstanding, a problem of way of life misunderstanding and a problem of traditional misunderstanding. A Peaceful Cultural Model (P.C. Model was developed within real cultural context or real life of people according to determined successful condition. Conclusion/Recommendation: The result of this research revealed that solving a riot problem in Three Southern Frontier Province must need an understanding of basic needs, collective consciousness and collective cause of most local people; including respecting liberty and cultural identity of one another.

  12. Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Dnieper-Donets Basin Province and Pripyat Basin Province, Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klett, T.R.

    2011-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey, using a geology-based assessment methodology, estimated mean volumes of technically recoverable, conventional, undiscovered petroleum resources at 84 million barrels of crude oil, 4.7 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 130 million barrels of natural gas liquids for the Dnieper-Donets Basin Province and 39 million barrels of crude oil, 48 billion cubic feet of natural gas, and 1 million barrels of natural gas liquids for the Pripyat Basin Province. The assessments are part of a program to estimate these resources for priority basins throughout the world.

  13. Location of Road Emergency Stations in Fars Province, Using Spatial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Goli

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To locate the road emergency stations in Fars province based on using spatial multi-criteria decision making (Delphi method. Methods: In this study, the criteria affecting the location of road emergency stations have been identified through Delphi method and their importance was determined using Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP. With regard to the importance of the criteria and by using Geographical Information System (GIS, the appropriateness of the existing stations with the criteria and the way of their distribution has been explored, and the appropriate arenas for creating new emergency stations were determined. In order to investigate the spatial distribution pattern of the stations, Moran’s Index was used. Results: The accidents (0.318, placement position (0.235, time (0.198, roads (0.160, and population (0.079 were introduced as the main criteria in location road emergency stations. The findings showed that the distribution of the existing stations was clustering (Moran’s I=0.3. Three priorities were introduced for establishing new stations. Some arenas including Abade, north of Eghlid and Khoram bid, and small parts of Shiraz, Farashband, Bavanat, and Kazeroon were suggested as the first priority. Conclusion: GIS is a useful and applicable tool in investigating spatial distribution and geographical accessibility to the setting that provide health care, including emergency stations

  14. Photovoltaic generating systems in rural schools in Neuquen Province, Argentina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lawand, T.A.; Campbell, J. [Brace Research Institute, Quebec (Canada)

    1997-12-01

    During the period 1994-95, solar photovoltaic systems were installed at a number of schools in Neuquen Province, Argentina, by the Provincial electric utility, Ente Provincial de Energia del Neuquen. This was undertaken with funds provided by the Inter-American Development Bank. In all, there are 12 schools that have had photovoltaic generating systems installed. These generating systems are designed to provide electricity for the basic needs at the schools: primarily for lighting, and to operate small electrical appliances such as communication radios, televisions, VCR`s, AM/FM and short-wave radios. They do not provide enough energy to operate large consumption appliances such as washing machines, microwaves, refrigerators, power tools, etc. The program of provision of PV systems was supplemented with training on simple systems for cooking food or drying fruit, etc. These techniques are primarily intended for demonstration at the schools thus serving an educational role with the hope that they will be transmitted in time to the families of the students where the need is manifested the most.

  15. Phytoremediation potential of indigenous plants from Thai Nguyen province, Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anh, Bui Thi Kim; Kim, Dang Dinh; Tua, Tran Van; Kien, Nguyen Trung; Anh, Do Tuan

    2011-03-01

    This study was focused on determining Arsenic (As), Lead (Pb), Cadmium (Cd) and Zinc (Zn) in 33 indigenous plants and 12 soil in-situ plant samples in Thai Nguyen Province, Vietnam. The results showed that the soils of surveyed mining areas contained 181.2- 6754.3 mg kg(-1) As, 235.5-4337.2 mg kg(-1) Pb, 0.8- 419 mg kg(-1) Cd and 361.8-17565.1 mg kg(-1) Zn depending on the characteristics of each mining site. These values are much higher than those typical for normal soil. The heavy metal uptake into shoots and roots of 33 indigenous plant species was also determined. Two species of the plants investigated, Pteris vittata L. and Pityrogramma calomelanos L. were As hyperaccumulators, containing more than 0.1% heavy metals in their shoots. Eleusine indica L., Cynodon dactylon L., Cyperus rotundus L. and Equisetum ramosissimum (Vauch) accumulate very high Pb (0.15-0.65%) and Zn (0.22-1.56%) concentration in their roots. Additional experiments to clarify the potential of six these plants as good candidates for phytoremediation of heavy metal pollution soil are being carried out in our laboratory. PMID:21882664

  16. Paleoparasitological results for rodent coprolites from Santa Cruz Province, Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Norma Haydée, Sardella; Martín Horacio, Fugassa; Diego Damián, Rindel; Rafael Agustín, Goñi.

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine the parasite remains present in rodent coprolites collected from the archaeological site Alero Destacamento Guardaparque (ADG) located in the Perito Moreno National Park (Santa Cruz Province, 47º57'S 72º05'W). Forty-eight coprolites were obtained from the layers [...] 7, 6 and 5 of ADG, dated at 6,700 ± 70, 4,900 ± 70 and 3,440 ± 70 years BP, respectively. The faecal samples were processed and examined using paleoparasitological procedures. A total of 582 eggs of parasites were found in 47 coprolites. Samples were positive for eggs of Trichuris sp. (Nematoda: Trichuridae), Calodium sp., Eucoleus sp., Echinocoleus sp. and an unidentified capillariid (Nematoda: Capillariidae) and for eggs of Monoecocestus (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae). Quantitative differences among layer for both coprolites and parasites were recorded. In this study, the specific filiations of parasites, their zoonotic importance, the rodent identity, on the basis of previous zooarchaeological knowledge, and the environmental conditions during the Holocene in the area are discussed.

  17. Continental tectonics and uranium province of South China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The pre-Sinian metamorphic basement of South China consists of 4 blocks, namely the Jiangnan, the Wuyi, the Yunkai-South Sea and the Mintai which belong to the same lithospheric plate from late Proterozoic on. The plate is enriched in U and Th revealed by Pb-isotopic study, which plays an role of essential prerequisite for the formation of U province. The amalgamation of the 4 blocks and their final attachment to Yangtze craton were resulted from Proterozoic, Caledonian, Indonesia and Yangshanian orogenic events, driven by Moho-rheologic stratification so that uraniferous black rock sequences and U-hosting granites and volcanics in age from late Sinian to Jurassic were produced in the fore lands of corresponding major orogenic uplifts. The change of tectonic regime from compression-relaxed to lateral tension happened after significant crust's thickening and large-scale emplacement of granitic batholiths during late Triassic and early Jurassic though local compression occurred from middle Eocene to Oligocene. Most of U deposits were just formed in association with this para-cratonization process from late Jurassic to Eogene. South China GGT shows that there exist the thinning and the break-up of undercrustal lithosphere at the Datian and the Quanzhou and funnel-shaped seg at middle Hunan. The former two are considered to be the product of up-migration of hot mantle plume and the latter to be the place of down-migration of cold mantle plume

  18. Hainan - State, Society, and Business in a Chinese Province

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    BrØdsgaard, Kjeld Erik

    2008-01-01

    This book examines the complex relationship between the state, society and business in China, focusing on the experience of the island province of Hainan. This island, for many years a provincial backwater, was given provincial rank in 1988 and became the testing ground for experiments of an economic, political, and social nature that have received great attention from Beijing, in particular the "small government, big society" project. This book provides a full account of this transition, showing how Hainan casts important light on a number of highly topical issues in contemporary China studies: central-local relations, institutional reform, state-society relations, and economic development strategies. It provides detailed evidence of how relations between party cadres, state bureaucrats, businesses, foreign investors and civil society play out in practice in China today. It argues that despite the liberalization of recent years, especially in the economic sphere, the party state remains the most powerful actor in Chinese society, and that path-breaking reform experiments such as in Hainan remain highly vulnerable due to the central government's hesitation to commit the resources and unequivocal political support needed for the experiments to be successfully realized.

  19. The Mexican mesozoic uranium province: its distribution and metallogeny

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The distribution of uranium scattered in sedimentary terrains of the continental jurassic such as those found in the Tlaxiaco-Guerrero Basin encourage the outlook for uncovering extensive new deposits of strato-bound uranium belonging to the Mexican mesozoic in other structurally similar intercratonic basins. Stratographic and paleographic structural references define the simultaneous evolution of five sedimentary basins during the Mexican geotechtonic cycle: 1. the Tlaxiaco-Guerrero basin, 2. the Huayacocotla basin, 3. the Gulf of Sabinas basin, 4. the Chihuahua basin and 5. the Sonora basin. From the various lithostratographic formations in them we favourably infer the presence of intermountainous mesozoic concentrations of uranium sediments leached from crystalline precambric packets and from nevadian plutonites and volcanic rocks. During the metallogeny process described under the techtonic evolution of the Mexican structural belt, the presence is established of extensive terciary hydrothermal uranium deposits in the districts of Aldama, Chihuahua; Coneto-El Rodeo, Durango; Vizarron de Montes, Queretaro; Tlaucingo, Puebla; Los Amoles, Sonora; El Picacho, Sonora; Amalia Margarita, Coahuila; etc., scattered in sandstones and sinters of the continental mesozoic and shifted during the postorogenic phase of the Mexican geotectonic cycle. The extensive mesozoic province defined within the Mexican territory favourable to large deposits of uranium, scattered and strato-bound in triassic, jurassic and cretaceous sandstone and sinters, could resolve future demands for energetics within a modified philosophy and resourceful policy of regional mining. (author)

  20. Price Analysis of Used Tractors in Çanakkale Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Ozpinar

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The control of machinery costs is a key factor in improving the profitability of a farm. On many farms 30-40% of the fixed costs can be allocated to farm machinery. For this reason, the purchase of a tractor is one of the most important decisions to be made on any farm. A correct decision will benefit the business considerably but the wrong decision will be an expensive mistake to be regretted for many years. There are two different way to purchase the tractors in any farm. One of them is purchasing the tractor as new one, the other one is purchasing the he tractors as used or second hand. are purchased as new in some farms instead of purchasing he tractor as second hand or used.The used tractor prices and market conditions should be evaluated for the correct agricultural machinery management decisions. Price analysis of the used tractors has to be used in hiring or purchasing decision. In addition to that, Optimum equipment size calculations require the price data of used tractors.In the scope of this research, second hand tractor price data gathered from the showrooms in the Çanakkale province were evaluated. Before all else, general structure of second hand tractor market were defined by applying a comprehensive questionnaire to showroom owners. In addition, second hand tractor prices were arranged according to brand-model, age and power category.

  1. Maternal and child health in Yushu, Qinghai Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsering Ojen

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Surmang, Qinghai Province is a rural nomadic Tibetan region in western China recently devastated by the 2010 Yushu earthquake; little information is available on access and coverage of maternal and child health services. Methods A cross-sectional household survey was conducted in August 2004. 402 women of reproductive age (15-50 were interviewed regarding their pregnancy history, access to and utilization of health care, and infant and child health care practices. Results Women's access to education was low at 15% for any formal schooling; adult female literacy was Conclusions While China is on track to achieve national Millennium Development Goal targets for maternal and child health, women and children in Surmang suffer from substantial health inequities in access to antenatal, skilled birth and postpartum care. Institutional delivery, skilled attendance and cesarean delivery are virtually inaccessible, and consequently maternal and infant morbidity and mortality are likely high. Urgent action is needed to improve access to maternal, neonatal and child health care in these marginalized populations. The reconstruction after the recent earthquake provides a unique opportunity to link this population with the health system.

  2. Inventory of anthropogenic mercury emission Southwest China: I. Guizhou province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The anthropogenic emissions of mercury to air is considered to contribute by 50-75 % of the total, and is thus responsible for elevated mercury concentration in the global atmosphere. These elevated atmospheric levels may be a serious threat to terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems due to wet or dry deposition. Hence, measures must be taken in controlling the anthropogenic emissions of mercury. A fundamental step of a global mercury control is realistic mapping of anthropogenic and natural emissions. Today, reasonably well documented mercury emission inventories of anthropogenic point sources exist in Europe and North America. The amount of anthropogenic emissions in other parts of the world is quite uncertain, as well as world-wide diffuse emissions (anthropogenic and natural). Guizhou is situated on a plateau with a mean altitude of about 1000 m. Its climate is a typical subtropical humid monsoon with an average annual temperature of 15 dec C and a precipitation of 1100-1400 mm. The province accounts for about 2.8% of the total population in China. (orig.)

  3. Microbiological Quality of Cream-Cakes Sold in Tekirdag Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. M. Konyal?

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed to determine the microbiological qualities of totally 120 cream cakes including chocolate and fruit type, purchased from 30 randomly selected pastry shops in Tekirda? province. Based on the Turkish Food Codex Microbiological Criterias Communique; 59, 50, 16 and 53 out of 60 chocolate cake samples tested were found to be potentially hazardous/unacceptible respectively for total mesophilic aerobic bacteria (98.3% of the total >105 cfu/g, coliform bacteria (83.3%of the total >102 cfu/g, Staphylococcus aureus (26.6% of the total >102 cfu/g and yeast and mould (88.3% of the total >103 cfu/g. On the other hand, 60, 56, 19 and 55 out of 60 fruit cake samples tested were found to be potentially hazardous/unacceptible respectively for total mesophilic aerobic bacteria (100 % >105 cfu/g, coliform bacteria (93.3%of the total >102 cfu/g, Staphylococcus aureus (31.6% of the total >102 cfu/g and yeast and mould (91.6% of the total >103 cfu/g. Salmonella were not detected in any of the chocolate and fruit cake samples. Obtained results showed that the microbiological qualities of cakes were poor due to poor hygiene and poor food handling practices in pastry shops.

  4. The legal status of traditional councils in North West Province

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Monica, de Souza.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The Traditional Leadership and Governance Framework Act 2003 provides for the transformation of apartheid-era tribal authorities into constitutional-era traditional councils with a role in traditional governance. The process involves reconstituting these councils to meet certain thresholds of women [...] and democratically elected members. Where councils have failed properly to meet the thresholds - seemingly the case in much of North West Province - their present legal status is called into question. In North West, the ambiguity surrounding their status has been compounded by the conduct of the provincial government, underlying tensions in the legislation, and a confusing series of contradictory government notices and court judgements dealing with the issue. This article examines how the reconstitution requirements have been applied in practice in North West and considers the legal and material impacts of the existing uncertainty surrounding traditional councils' status. Where these councils are put forward as democratic bodies representing traditional communities in North West's platinum mining belt, these are particularly important issues to consider in relation to the legitimacy of traditional councils.

  5. The Spectrum of ?-Thalassemia Mutations in Kermanshah Province, West Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alibakhshi, Reza; Mehrabi, Masomeh; Omidniakan, Leila; Shafieenia, Samaneh

    2015-12-01

    Thalassemia is a hereditary blood disorder that results from genetic defects causing deficient synthesis of hemoglobin (Hb) polypeptide chains. Although thalassemia mostly affects developing countries, there is limited knowledge of its accurate frequency and distribution in these regions. Knowing the prevalence of thalassemia and the frequency of responsible mutations is therefore an important step in the prevention and control program as well as treatment strategies. ?-Thalassemia (?-thal) is prevalent in Middle East Asian populations, including Iran. In this study, 678 unrelated ?-thal carriers, attending the Kermanshah Medical Genetics Laboratory, Kermanshah, Iran, were investigated for ?-globin gene mutations by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing. The most common mutation among our patients was -?(3.7) (rightward) (60.9%) deletion, which is also known to occur in high frequencies in other parts of Iran, in Southeast Asia and Mediterranean countries. Other prevalent ?-thal mutations were ?(-5 nt) (10.6%), ?(polyA4) (9.9%), ?(polyA6) (3.7%), -?-(MED) (3.2%), -?(4.2) (leftward) (3.1%) deletion and codon 59 (Hb Adana; HBA1: c.179?G?>?A) (2.5%). These comprehensive new data are useful for establishing a screening strategy for the effective control of ?-thal in Kermanshah Province. PMID:26287614

  6. Communication Behaviour Among Farmers in East Azarbaijan Province , Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Vaisy

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available To improve livestock production and to modernize dairy husbandry in Iran, it is essential to disseminate the most recent information on dairy husbandry technologies and management practices through various means among farmers. An understanding of farmers’ communication behaviour is essential in formulating effective communication strategies for livestock development. For the purposes of this study, East Azarbaijan Province was selected. The study will examine how farmers obtain information on dairy husbandry technologies and management practices and how they communicate with agents of technology transfer (extensionists. The major channels and sources used in obtaining information and inter-system communication by farmers are discussed. To study the farmers’ communication behaviour, a sample of 154 farmers from a total of eight villages (four villages from high level plain areas and four villages from low level plain areas were selected using “Stratified two-stage random sampling” method. Data were gathered by filling out questionnaires that had been tested before. The criteria like frequencies in terms of number and percentage, mean and product moment correlation were calculated. In addition, multiple regression analysis was used for the analysis of the data. According to the findings of this study, most farmers in the two groups (98% had low information input score. The independent variables such as information output, farmer inter-system communication, farmer-researcher communication, farmer-extensionist communication, education, family education status and availability of input facilities had positive and highly significant relationships (P

  7. Ixodid ticks on domestic animals in Samut Prakan Province, Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nithikathkul, C; Polseela, P; Changsap, B; Leemingsawat, S

    2002-01-01

    The prevalence of tick-harboring domestic animals, tick density, and the species of ticks were studied throughout the year 2000, in Muang Samut Prakan, Bang Phli and Phra Pradaeng districts of Samut Prakan Province. The animals examined were Canis lupus familiaris (450), Bos indicus (cross-bred) (189), Bos taurus (30), Bubalus bubalis (171) and Sus scrofa domestica (450). The total number of collected ticks was 1,491. The pigs did not harbor ticks. The stages of ticks collected were larvae, nymphs and adults. The prevalence rates of tick-harboring were 46% (Canis lupus familiaris), 42.86% (Bos indicus, cross-bred), 33.33% (Bos taurus) and 9.35% (Bubalus bubalis). The tick densities were 2.22 (Bos indicus, cross-bred), 2.16 (Canis lupus familiaris), 1.16 (Bos taurus) and 0.36 (Bubalus bubalis). Only 2 species of ixodid ticks, Boophilus microplus and Rhipicephalus sanguineus, were found. R. sanguineus was the dominant species of tick. The percentage of R. sanguineus was 65.2% and B. microplus was 34.8%. In Muang district, R. sanguineus was the dominant species in C. lupus familiaris; in Bang Phli district, B. microplus was the dominant species in Bos indicus (cross-bred). The density of B. microplus was high in the summer season; the density of R. sanguineus was high in the winter season. The number of ticks depended on the geographic location, animal host and season. PMID:12971472

  8. Identification of the Water Pollutant Industries in Khuzestan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N Jafarzadeh, S Rostami, K Sepehrfar, A Lahijanzadeh

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to build up a logic ranked pattern between the most important industrial activities with respect the type of water pollution and the discharge ways or managing the wastewaters in these units. For this purpose all of the statistical data have been gathered by referring to the responsible organizations. After that, by using the desk study, field work and selecting some of the industrial units as studied cases and by referring to their production processes and obtaining the curtained analytical results, the industries have been separated to several groups including Food ,Textile , Pulp & Paper/, Chemical, Non-metallic mineral, Metal and Electricity & electronics Comparing the number of active industrial plants within the boundaries of Khuzestan province at 5 catchments area, indicates that Karun, Dez and Jarrahi basins with 1044. 324 and 290 active plants, respectively, are crowded with a lot of industries. Nature of the examined parameters has been selected in view of the production process type and includes pH, turbidity, electrical conductivity, chloride, sulfate, BOD, COD, TSS, iron. Results indicates that Dez river basin, being compared with the other two basins, impose the most degradable organic, nutrient substances and suspended particle loads to Dez River , and the metal pollution load at Karun basin is more than the other two basins , caused by the steel industries concentrated in Ahvaz city.

  9. Preliminary uranium geochemical survey of Pangasinan province, Luzon, Philippines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sediment and panned heavy mineral survey were conducted in the province of Pangasinan in Luzon island for a cumulative period of 1 1/2 months in 1983. A total of 40 stream sediments and 125 panned heavy mineral concentrates were obtained along active rivers and streams draining into the Lingayen Gulf and Luzon sea. The minus 80 mesh sediment fractions and non-magnetic portions of the heavy minerals were analyzed for total uranium using delayed neutron activation analysis techniques. Results indicated that uranium values ranged from 0.1 ppm to 1.4 ppm and 0.1 ppm to 23.2 ppm, for the stream sediments and heavy minerals, respectively. The uranium values obtained in the stream sediments were considered to be within the range of the average uranium concentrations in the northwestern Luzon. However, uranium values in the heavy minerals, in general, were higher than the values obtained in northwestern Luzon. One uranium anomaly area was found in San Carlos. (author)

  10. Reef fish and coral assemblages at Maptaput, Rayong Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voravit Cheevaporn

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This study describes the structure of coral and fish assemblages of a group of small islands and pinnacles in the vicinity of Maptaput deep sea port, Rayong Province, Thailand during 2002. The coral and fish assemblages at Saket Island and nearby pinnacle, Hin-Yai, which are located less than 1 km from the deep sea port, had changed. Living coral cover in 2002 was 8% at Hin-Yai and 4% at Saket Island which decreased from 33% and 64%, respectively in the previous report in 1992. Numbers of coral species at Saket Island decreased from 41 species to 13 species. Acropora spp. that previously dominated the area had nearly disappeared. For fishes, a total of 40 species were found in 2002 the numbers decreased to only 6 species at Saket Island and 36 species at Hin-Yai. Fishes that dominated the area are small pomacentrids. After 1997, the conditions of coral and fish assemblages at Saket Island and Hin-Yai had markedly changed, whereas, the conditions found in the nearby area are much better. Sediment load from port construction was the primary cause of the degradation. This should indicate the adverse effect of sedimentation on coral and reef fish assemblages at Maptaput. Coral communities developed on rock pinnacles west of Maptaput deep-sea port are reported and described herein for the first time.

  11. Petroleum industry and the future petroleum province in Pennsylvania, 1970

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kelley, D.R.; Lytle, W.S.; Wagner, W.R.; Heyman, L.

    1970-01-01

    A vast, deep, petroleum potential, representing 83% of the total prospective stratigraphic section, remains untested in Pennsylvania. Beneath the heavily drilled Devonian oil and gas belts of the Plateaus Province lies from 5,000 to more than 20,000 ft of Cambrian, Ordovician, and Silurian strata which contain less than 2 wells per 25 sq miles. These strata, hardly touched by the drill in Pennsylvania, are productive in surrounding states. The Cambrian to Lower Ordovician dolomites and sandstones have produced oil and gas in Ohio. Middle Ordovician limestones have yielded gas in New York, and gas also has been found in the Lower Silurian Tuscarora Sandstone of West Virginia. The Middle Silurian Lockport Dolomite has produced a little gas in Ohio, and in West Virginia, the Upper Silurian Williamsport (Newburg) Sandstone has become a fabulous producer. All of these strata underlie Pennsylvania. The present and future need for hydrocarbons combined with proximity to expanding industrial areas should provide the incentive for rebirth of the industry in Pennsylvania. The deep challenge awaits and will be met if modern technology is utilized and a cooperative environment is established which encourages joint ventures to divide the financial burden of deep drilling. (31 refs.)

  12. Echinostoma ilocanum Infection in Oddar Meanchey Province, Cambodia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sohn, Woon-Mok; Kim, Hyeong-Jin; Yong, Tai-Soon; Eom, Keeseon S.; Jeong, Hoo-Gn; Kim, Jae-Kwang; Kang, A-Reum; Kim, Mok-Ryun; Park, Jung-Mi; Ji, Soo-Hyeon; Sinuon, Muth; Socheat, Duong

    2011-01-01

    Fecal examinations using the Kato Katz technique were performed on a total of 1,287 villagers (945 students and 342 general inhabitants) of Oddar Meanchey Province, Cambodia in May 2007 and November 2009. The overall intestinal helminth egg positive rate was 23.9%, and the most prevalent helminth species was hookworms (21.6%). Other helminth eggs detected included echinostomes (1.0%), Enterobius vermicularis (0.8%), small trematode eggs (0.7%), which may include Opisthorchis viverrini and Haplorchis spp., and Hymenolepis nana (0.4%). In order to recover adult echinostomes, we treated 2 patients with 10-15 mg/kg praziquantel and purged. Total 14 adult echinostomes, 1 and 13 worms from each patient, were collected. The echinostomes characteristically had 49-51 collar spines and 2 round or slightly lobated testes. They were identified as Echinostoma ilocanum (Garrison, 1908) Odhner, 1911. So far as literature are concerned, this is the first record on the discovery of human E. ilocanum infection in Cambodia. PMID:21738278

  13. Prevalence of Impairments, Disabilities, Handicaps: A Study From Kayseri Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melis Nacar

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Impairment and disability and handicap are most important problems all the world. This survey was conducted in centre of Kayseri province to obtain the prevalence of impairment, disability and handicap. The survey also aimed to identify the causes of impairments and to analyse the nature and extent of the handicaps resulting from these impairments. WHO’s impairment, disability and handicap classification was used and it was applied to those living in dwellings located in districts selected according to the population 3443 person residing selected using a multistage cluster sampling method were screened. It was found that 10.5% of the population had impairment and 5.0% of the population had a disability and 4.2% of them had a handicapped. The prevalence of impairment, disability and handicap was higher in women (12.7–6.3–5.6% than men (8.3–3.6–3.4%. Result of this study estimated, the educational and social levels were low among all the disables Educational problems and rehabilitation requirements were the major problems. A high proportion of person with impairment and handicap were not given any rehabilitation services. So that, the results of our study shows us that we have to give more importance to disables educational and occupational problems in our country. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2012; 11(1.000: 71-80

  14. Leaching Mathematical Modeling for Two Zones of North Khuzestan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Golabi

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The main aims of present study are evaluation desalinization and desodification mathematical modeling in two zones of Northeast of Khuzestan province in Southwest of Iran with and without emendator material (Sulfuric acid. To reach the aims, the experiment was done in two zones with four treatments; 25, 50, 75 and 100 cm of water irrigation and four iterations in each plot (1*1 m from surface to 150 cm of soil depth. Data that have used in this paper were Electrical Conductivity (EC and Exchange Sodium Percentage (ESP. Data obtained from experimental results and with SPSS12.0 software eleven mathematic models have extracted. Results show that in zone one with and without acid Cubic equation for Electrical Conductivity and Exchange Sodium Percentage have the most and S, Logic equations have the least coefficient of determination. In addition, in zone two with and without acid for Electrical Conductivity Component, Growth and Power equations have the most and S, Logic equations have the least coefficient of determination. In zone two, the results of Exchange Sodium Percentage are similar to zone one.

  15. A climate action plan for the province of New Brunswick

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Conservation Council of New Brunswick has proposed an action plan for climate change that would enable the province to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to 10 per cent below 1990 levels by 2020. The objective of the plan also involved eliminating the use of oil, coal and Orimulsion for power generation in New Brunswick. This report presented the proposed action plan. It discussed the growth in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in New Brunswick and main sources of carbon pollution. Strategies to stop global warming and the projected impacts of climate change were also presented. Provincial targets for pollution reduction were also identified. The paper also made several recommendations on opportunities for emissions reduction in New Brunswick. These included phasing out electricity exports by the Coleson Cove, Belledune and Dalhousie power plants; retrofitting housing and commercial/institutional building stock, combined with a comprehensive phase out strategy for electric heating; and, mixing renewable power, distributed natural gas cogeneration and green heat combined with the refurbishment of building stock. It was concluded that the long-term benefits of implementing regulatory and financial measures now will be felt as increased efficiency across the economy, employment and business opportunities in every community. 2 tabs., 1 fig

  16. Family aggregation study for breast cancer in Cienfuegos province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Breast cancer is one of the most frequent causes of death in developed countries and it is the second cause of female mortality for malignant tumor in Cuba. We conducted an observational, analytic, transversal study of cases and controls for the purpose of evaluating the clinical, epidemiologic and genealogical behavior of breast cancer in Cienfuegos province, in a period of 6 years. The universe of the study was made up of 304 women distributed in 152 cases and 152 controls; they were surveyed after they gave their informed consent. Collected data were processed by means of methods of inferential statistics. It was observed that most of the cases were diagnosed in patients aged 50 to 59 years, with 24.34%, the most frequent type was infiltrating duct carcinoma, with 43.42%. We found statistical association with the personal history of benign breast pathology and the family history of cancer of any type. Presence of familial aggregation was observed for breast cancer in the first-degree relatives and the non-genetic risk factors; they did not show significant association with the occurrence of the disease in the studied population

  17. Oil and gas fiscal regimes of the western Canadian provinces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report compares the fiscal regimes in British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. During 1985-1988, federal and provincial governments have made numerous fiscal changes, many in response to the drop in world oil prices. The new fiscal policies generally have reflected governments' willingness to forego revenues in an effort to aid the oil and gas industry, with certain exemptions. Since 1988, changes have reflected trends of consolidation and less government willingness to forego revenues. A federal large corporations capital tax has been introduced, the natural gas exploration holiday in Alberta expired, new oil royalties were introduced, and changes were made in fiscal regimes to accomodate horizontal drilling in Saskatchewan and Manitoba. In this document, the existing corporate tax regime is described. A comparison of fiscal regimes must recognize the differing scale and nature of oil and gas operations among the 4 provinces, with Alberta accounting for 80-90% of Canada's oil and gas productions, while British Columbia, Saskatchewan and Manitoba are much smaller producers. The document describes Crown royalties and incentives and freehold taxes for each type of fuel (crude oil, natural gas, natural gas byproducts, nonconventional oil). 8 figs

  18. Environmental Consequences of Rapid Urbanization in Zhejiang Province, East China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuchao Yang

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Since reforms carried out in the late 1970s, China has experienced unprecedented rates of urban growth. Remote sensing data and surface observational data are used to investigate the urbanization process and related environmental consequences, focusing on extreme heat events and air pollution, in Zhejiang Province (ZJP, East China. Examination of satellite-measured nighttime light data indicates rapid urbanization in ZJP during the past decade, initially forming three urban clusters. With rapid urban sprawl, a significant Urban Heat Island (UHI effect has emerged. During extreme heat events in summer, the UHI effect significantly exacerbates nocturnal heat stress in highly urbanized areas. Taking a long-term view, urbanization also causes additional hot days and hot degree days in urban areas. Urbanization also imposes a heavy burden on local and regional air quality in ZJP. Degraded visibility and an increase in haze days are observed at most meteorological stations, especially in the three urban clusters. The results show that urbanization has led to serious environmental problems in ZJP, not only on the city scale, but also on the regional scale. Maintaining a balance between the continuing process of urbanization and environmental sustainability is a major issue facing the local government.

  19. Uranium distribution in Brazilian granitic rocks. Identification of uranium provinces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The research characterized and described uranium enriched granitoids in Brazil. They occur in a variety of tectonic environments and are represented by a variety granite types of distinct ages. It may be deduced that in general they have been generated by partial melting process of continental crust. However, some of them, those with tonality composition, indicate a contribution from mantle derived materials, thus suggesting primary uranium enrichment from the upper mantle. Through this study, the identification and characterization of uranium enriched granite or uranium provinces in Brazil can be made. This may also help identify areas with potential for uranium mineralization although it has been note that uranium mineralization in Brazil are not related to the uranium enrichment process. In general the U-anomalous granitoids are composed of granites with alkaline composition and granite ''sensu strictu'' which comprise mainly of syenites, quartz-syenites and biotite-hornblende granites, with ages between 1,800 - 1,300 M.a. The U-anomalous belongings to this period present high Sr initial ratios values, above 0.706, and high Rb contents. Most of the U-enriched granitoids occur within ancient cratonic areas, or within Early to Mid-Proterozoic mobile belts, but after their cratonization. Generally, these granitoids are related to the border zones of the mobile belts or deep crustal discontinuity. Refs, 12 figs, 3 tabs

  20. Malaria Cases in Three Districts in the Midlands Province, Zimbabwe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.Z. Moyo

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The number of malaria cases in the under 5, 5-14 and above 15 years age groups in three districts in the Midlands Province were studied over a period of one year, from January to December 2003.The total number of malaria cases in all the three age groups were significantly different in all the districts (p<0.05. Gokwe had the highest number of cases in the all the age categories (p<0.05. The malarial cases tended to be highly seasonal in Gokwe but to a lesser extent in Kwekwe. There was a high monthly variation of malarial cases in Gweru. Although the >15 years age group had the highest number of cases, the number of cases in the under five age group is a cause for concern. Plasmodium falciparum had a prevalence of >86% in all the districts during the rainy season. The implications of these findings are discussed in relation to the health and socio-economics of the three districts.

  1. PEDIATRIC OCULAR TOXOCARIASIS IN JIANGSU PROVINCE, EASTERN CHINA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hai-Fang; Hua, Hai-Yong; Wang, Wei

    2015-01-01

    Ocular toxocariasis is caused by migration of a Toxocara larva through the posterior eye. We report the first case of pediatric ocular toxocariasis caused by T. canis in Jiangsu Province, eastern China. A 6-year-old girl presented to Suzhou Municipal Children's Hospital with a complaint of right eye redness, minimal white discharge, no photophobia, eye pain, visual impairment, fever or arthralgia. She was initially diagnosed as having conjunctivitis; however, a 2-month treatment with lomefloxacin 0.3% eye drops gave no improvements. The diagnosis was made based on medical history (contact with dogs), clinical features and detection of T. canis IgG antibodies with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Anthelmintic therapy with albendazole in combination with prednisolone resulted in improvement of the ocular symptoms. Ocular toxocariasis is rarely reported in China. However, the rapid economic development in China, could mean an increase in pet dogs with the potential increased risk of contracting toxocariasis if no control measures are taken. Disposal of pet litter, deworming of infected pets, complete cooking of meats, thorough rinsing of fruits and vegetables, and good hand-washing may help prevent human infections. Ocular toxocariasis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with conjunctivitis that does not resolve with treatment. PMID:26513899

  2. Environmental conditions for SMME development in a South African province

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    D, Mahadea; MK, Pillay.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The development of entrepreneurship is the focus of considerable policy interest in South Africa and many other countries. This is particularly in recognition of its contribution to economic growth, poverty alleviation and employment creation. In South Africa, various new strategies and institutions [...] have recently been created with a view to empowering formerly disadvantaged members to enter the mainstream economy as entrepreneurs rather than job seekers. While the government directs considerable efforts to advancing Small, Medium and Micro Enterprises (SMMEs), certain environmental factors can favour or hinder the optimal development of these firms. According to the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) reports, the level of entrepreneurial activity in South Africa is rather low in relation to that in other countries at a similar level of development. This paper uses factor analysis to examine the internal and external environmental conditions influencing the development of small ventures on the basis of a survey conducted in Pietermaritzburg, the capital of the KZN province. The results indicate that three clusters constrain SMME development in Pietermaritzburg: management, finance and external environmental conditions. In the external set, rising crime levels, laws and regulations, and taxation are found to be significant constraints to the development of business firms.

  3. An outbreak of canine aflatoxicosis in Gauteng Province, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luke F. Arnot

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Sporadic outbreaks of aflatoxicosis occur in dogs when they consume contaminated dog food. During 2011, low-cost brands of pelleted dog food were contaminated with very high concentrations of aflatoxins. Approximately 100 dogs were presented to the Onderstepoort Veterinary Academic Hospital. Clinically, the dogs were depressed to collapsed and icteric, with haematemesis, melaena and haematochezia. The most common pathological findings were icterus, gastro-enterorrhagia and hepatosis. On histopathological examination, fatty hepatosis and bile duct proliferation were observed. A consistent, very characteristic finding was the presence of a blue-grey granular material within the bile ducts. A total of 124 samples of the dog food fed to the affected dogs was analysed to determine aflatoxin concentrations. Concentrations ranged from below the limit of quantification (< 5 ?g/kg to 4946 ?g/kg and six samples were submitted to determine the ratio of aflatoxins in the feed. It is estimated that well over 220 dogs died in the Gauteng Province of South Africa as a result of this aflatoxin outbreak.

  4. Molecular diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains indifferent provinces of Iran.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohadese Mozafari

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Molecular epidemiology tools are widely used in determining epidemiology of tuberculosis. Spoligotyping is a molecular epidemiology method that is used for characterization and typing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex strains. The method is based on polymorphism of the chromosomal DR locus consisting of identical 36-bp DRs alternating with 35-41 unique spacers. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of M. tuberculosis spoligotypes in different provinces of Iran.M. tuberculosis strains were isolated from TB patients of Mycobacteriology Research center (MRC. DNA was extracted from patient's clinical samples. PCR was performed by using of specific primers for DR region. The amplified DNA was hybridized to the spoligotyping Membrane. Hybridized DNA was detected with ECL detection kit and by exposing ECL Hyperfilm to the membrane. The obtained result was entered to a binary format and was analyzed using SpolDB4 database.Spoligotyping resulted in 136 different patterns. Out of 1242 M. tuberculosis strains, 1165 strains (93.8% were classified into 59 clusters and the remaining strains (6.2 % were singleton.The results of present study showed that strains of CAS family were more prevalent than other strains in Iran. Other prevalent families were Haarlem, T and Beijing, respectively.

  5. Microbial characteristics of food preparations in Benevento province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vittoria Ricci

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this preliminary study was to determine the microbiological quality of pastry products and gastronomic preparations served in food service establishments in Benevento province, Southern Italy. A total of 125 samples were collected from food service establishments. Parameters investigated were: aerobic plate counts (APCs, total Coliform bacteria counts, beta-glucuronidase-positive Escherichia (E. coli counts, Enterobacteriaceae counts, coagulase-positive Staphylococci counts, isolation of Salmonella spp., Bacillus (B. cereus counts, and isolation of Listeria (L. monocytogenes. The microbiological quality was good, with absence of the pathogens L. monocytogenes and Salmonella spp. and extremely rare presence of E. coli. The fresh pastry and the uncooked gastronomy products were the most contaminated groups; also, cooked cold-served gastronomy products were susceptible to microbiological risk, as a result of the inadequate reheating and the interruption of the warm chain. On the contrary, dried pastry and cooked warm-served gastronomy products showed an excellent hygienic profile. In fact, the amount of compliant samples was 74.4%.

  6. Epidemiology of livestock fasciolosis in Mendoza province, Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Fasciolosis, parasitic disease caused by the trematode Fasciola hepatica, affects many mammals, particularly ruminants, and is now considered an important zoonotic disease. In Mendoza province, the data from the local slaughterhouses and observations made by veterinarians indicated that fasciolosis could be an important disease in cattle with 5,7% (1) liver condemnation registered which is well over the national average that oscillates yearly around 1%. Thus, even though fasciolosis seemed to be an important disease for livestock, the epidemiological information was lacking. Since the recent identification of the most efficient vector of fasciolosis in Mendoza, the introduced lymnaeid snail Galba truncatula (2), the epidemiological situation of fasciolosis needs to be addressed. Our objective was to gain insight in the epidemiology of fasciolosis in Mendoza province. Mendoza province is in the west of Argentina. To the east is a plains region and at the west are the Andes Mountains. The rivers run from the mountains in the west towards the east traversed by valleys were livestock is managed extensively and trashumance is a common practice To investigate the distribution of the lymnaeid snails, samples where recovered following an altitudinal gradient, from the plains region at 600 m.a.s.l. up to above 3000 m.a.s.l. In each sampling point, by means of a GPS, altitude, longitude and latitude was registered, water pH, conductivity and hardness evaluated, and the environmental characteristics of the site recorded. To investigate the possible reservoirs fasciolosis coprological studies were performed (Lumbreras rapid sedimentation and Formo-ether sedimentation) and liver inspection at the slaughterhouse was recorded. Lymnaeid snails where found in 27 sites, belonging to all of the river basins of Mendoza. The range of altitude was from 649 masl to 2971 masl, (?1674). They were found in small streams with slow current in 18 sites (66,7%) small irrigation channels in 6 sites (22,2%) and ponds with still water in 3 sites (11,1%). In 24 sites (88,8%) the snails where constantly exposed to direct sunlight since there was no high vegetation or banks surrounding the water body, 23(85,2%)of the sites were in a rural setting and 4 (14,8%) of them where urban areas. In all the rural sites, livestock was to be found near the snail populations. The conductivity of the waters where the lymaneid snails were presented ranged from 121-2830 m? (? 675), ph ranged from 5,95-7,4 (? 6,91) and hardness 48- 1210 ppm (?288,7) Cattle, sheep, goats, horses mules, donkeys and llamas where positive for fasciolosis. Out of 705 coprological studies performed, 186 (26.38%) where positive. The highest prevalence where in goats, out of 434 animals tested, 139 (32%) where positive. In equines, out of 114 tested, 29 (25%) where positive. All the positive animals where from altitudes of over 900 m.a.s.l. and no positive animals where found in the plains region. At the provincial abattoir, out of 754 cattle raised in Mendoza, 258 (34%) where positive for fasciolosis. All the positive animals came from the Andean valleys. At the local abattoir, which only butchered cattle from Tupungato region, principally Andean valleys, out of 653 animals inspected, 441 (67,5%) had fasciolosis. In Mendoza province, the prevalence in livestock is amongst the highest in Argentina, superior to what could have been initially concluded from the national abattoir statistics. Even though livestock is found from the plains regions up to the mountain valleys, fascioliosis affects almost exclusively animals from the mountainous regions where the highest prevalence are to be found, being a very rare and almost unknown disease in the lowlands. This correlates almost perfectly with the lymnaied distribution that we found. The altitudinal range of the snail populations, which can be found at very high altitudes, speak of the great adaptability that it has to extreme environmental conditions. It also colonized many man made irrigation channels, and even though it is usually fo

  7. Aspects of productivity of traditionally managed Barotse cattle in the Western Province of Zambia.

    OpenAIRE

    van Klink, E.G.M.

    1994-01-01

    In sub-Saharan Africa, traditionally managed livestock is important because of the provision of draught power and manure, the provision of security and investment possibilities, for the provision of meat and milk, and for social purposes (eg. brideprice, gifts). In the Western Province of Zambia, cattle are the only livestock of significance. The soils of the province virtually entirely consist of Kalahari sands, that are not very suitable for crop production, but with a good suitability for ...

  8. A ten years (2000–2009) surveillance of resistant Enterobacteriaceae in Zhejiang Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Rong Zhang; Tomoaki Ichijo; Yan-Yan Hu; Hong-Wei Zhou; Nobuyasu Yamaguchi; Masao Nasu; Gong-Xiang Chen

    2012-01-01

    Objective: In Zhejiang Province, there are several highly developed cities near the coast and several relatively under-developed mountain areas. Analysis of the composition of bacteria isolated from patients as well as their antibiotic resistance profile from various areas of this province, and tracing of such data year-by-year, will help to delineate the bacterial resistance profile of these areas and to understand how the stage of socio-economical development impacts on the composition of c...

  9. Rural-urban Migration and Urbanization in Gansu Province, China: Evidence from Time-series Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Haiying Ma; Lina Lian

    2011-01-01

    Urbanization is one of the hot issues in research at present. Since “go west”, urbanization level in Gansu province has undergone significant change along with the largest flow of rural–urban migration around the country. This paper aims to attempt to examine projections of Gansu’s urbanization level in 1990-2008 and analyze long-run impact of urbanization construction on rural-urban migration wage income in Gansu province, finally the paper empirically investigate dynamic effect of urbanizat...

  10. Participatory, Tourist Consumer Behavior-Based, Integrated Tourism Marketing Plan For Chainat Province

    OpenAIRE

    Nak Gulid; Aurathai Lertwannawit

    2013-01-01

    This research aims to study Tourist Consumer Behavior, Tourism Market Segmentation, and Tourism Product Positioning in Chainat Province, Thailand. Quantitative analysis is employed in this study. Four hundred Thai tourists who have traveled to Chainat province at least once are the respondents who filled out the questionnaires. Multiple regression analysis has been used in this study. The majority of the Thai tourists are single females between the ages of 25 and 34, employees in the private ...

  11. Hard Ticks on Domestic Ruminants and their SeasonalPopulation Dynamics in Yazd Province, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Salim abadi, Y; Z. Telmadarraiy; Vatandoost, H; Chinikar, S; MA Oshaghi; Moradi, M.; Mirabzadeh Ardakan, E; Hekmat, S; A Nasiri

    2010-01-01

    "n "nBackground: Ticks are the main vectors for transmission of different pathogens to human and animals. This survey was performed to find out distribution of ticks, which infested the domestic ruminants in Yazd Province, central Iran during year 2008-2009. "n "nMethods: A total number of 30 villages from both mountainous (20%) and plateau (80%) regions of the province were selected randomly. Ticks were colleted from the body of infested animals and transported to the lab...

  12. Empirical Analysis of Rural Citizens’ Political Participation in the Underdeveloped Regions of Chinese Eastern Provinces

    OpenAIRE

    Zhenjun Mao

    2010-01-01

    The rural citizens’ political participation case of Xiaohe Village in Dezhou City of Shangdong Province indicates that in the underdeveloped rural regions of Chinese eastern provinces, rural citizens’ political participation has the characters such as the participation enthusiasm and organization degree are lower, the political participation degree and level are lower, and the probability of the non-systemization of political participation still exists. Only to enhance the rural citizens’ inc...

  13. Methods and Characteristics of Political Participation by Private Entrepreneurs --- A Case Study of Zhejiang Province

    OpenAIRE

    Yuxin Wu

    2011-01-01

    With continuous expansion of the team of private entrepreneurs in Zhejiang Province, strengthened economic power of private entrepreneurs and improvement of their comprehensive quality, the methods of political participation by private entrepreneurs in Zhejiang Province is also continuously enlarged. Political participation is mainly reflected in the three methods of institutionalization, de-institutionalization and non-profit participation. At present, political participation of private entr...

  14. Prediction Models of Energy Consumption Structure of Shandong Province of China

    OpenAIRE

    Jiekun Song; Hailing Wang

    2013-01-01

    In order to predict the energy consumption structure of Shandong province of China, linear regression model, gray model and ARIMA model are constructed respectively. On the basis of the single predicted results, the optimal weighted combination model is constructed for combination prediction of Shandong province's energy consumption structure. The empirical test shows that combination prediction model can effectively increase the prediction accuracy, providing a new method for the energy cons...

  15. Exploratory studies of typical areas in the provinces of Vaesternorrland and Norrbotten during 1980-1981

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report deals with exploratory studies of migmatite areas of the province of Vaesternorrland and a large gabbro massive of the province of Norrbotten. Extensive geological and hydrological studies including deep boreholes are being planned. The exploring studies in Vaesternorrland covered map and photo interpretation, field studies of fissures and exposures. The studies in Norrbotten have been directed towards field investigations of four gabbro massives.(G.B.)

  16. The Analysis of Investment Climate in Agriculture in Hanoi province, Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Tran Huu, Cuong; Bui, Thi Nga

    2010-01-01

    Hanoi province, Vietnam has much potential for agricultural development with its large consumer market for agricultural products, soil and water resources, natural climate, physical and social infrastructure. It is also one of provinces that has attracted a large number of investors. However, there are few agriculture investment projects in Hanoi in recent years. This paper presents the results of the structure interview of 200 managers of agricultural firms, co-operatives and far...

  17. An analysis of the investment climate in agriculture in Hanoi Province, Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Tran Huu, Cuong; Bui, Thi Nga

    2010-01-01

    Hanoi province, Vietnam has much potential for agricultural development with its large consumer market for agricultural products, soil and water resources, natural climate, physical and social infrastructure. It is also one of provinces that has attracted a large number of investors. However, there are few agriculture investment projects in Hanoi in recent years. This paper presents the results of the structure interview of 200 managers of agricultural firms, co-operatives and far...

  18. University Teachers’ Job Satisfaction in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Safdar Rehman Ghazi; Riasat Ali; Gulap Shahzada; Muhammad Israr

    2010-01-01

    The major purpose of this study was to explore the level of job satisfaction of university teachers in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. The objectives of the study were: to assess the general satisfaction level of university teachers, to determine university teachers’ satisfaction level for each of the twenty dimensions of the job, and to give suggestions to improve university teachers’ job satisfaction level. All the university teachers working in North West Frontier Province of...

  19. Informal Learning of Thai Chinese in Songkhla Province through Qingming Tradition

    OpenAIRE

    Buakaew Jureerat; Janjula Jiraporn

    2014-01-01

    This qualitative study aimed to investigate the informal learning of Thai Chinese in Songkhla Province through Qingming tradition. The data were collected from in-depth interviews and participatory observations with 30 subjects who were Thai Chinese.The results of the study revealed that Thai Chinese in Songkhla Province learn Quingming tradition through adults in their family since they were children. Adults teach, practice and take children with them to perform rituals on Qingming Day. Chil...

  20. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases Related Health Resources Allocation in Hunan Province of China

    OpenAIRE

    Chengli Bei; Anmei Hu; Huayun Liu; Ping Chen; Xiujie Jia; Guisheng Zhou; Shan Cai

    2013-01-01

    Background: Information about Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD)-related health resources allocation in China is very limited. The aim of the study was to explore the distribution of COPD-related health resources allocation among different levels public hospitals (PHs) in Hunan Province of central south China.Methods: We randomly collected data from 57 Public Hospitals (PHs) at 3 different levels in Hunan province as well as 893 pulmonary physicians (PPs) who worked there in 2009. ...

  1. Determining factors and utilization pattern for normal delivery care in Nangarhar province of Afghanistan

    OpenAIRE

    Naseem, M.

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Skilled birth attendance in Afghanistan’s Nangarhar Province is only 20%. Of these 20%, normal deliveries take predominantly place in hospitals rather than in lower level health care facilities. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: To describe and analyse factors related to skilled birth attendance and to the pattern of services utilization regarding normal delivery care in the province. These factors were explored by a review of unpublished literature and HMIS data from Nangarhar, national su...

  2. Study on the Decomposition of Factors Affecting Energy-Related Carbon Emissions in Guangdong Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Wenxiu Wang; Ningsheng Huang; Yaoqiu Kuang

    2011-01-01

    Guangdong is China’s largest province in terms of energy consumption. The energy-related carbon emissions in Guangdong province are calculated, and two extended and improved decomposition models for energy-related carbon emissions are established with the Logarithmic Mean Divisia Index method based on the basic principle of Kaya identity. Main results are as follows: (1) the energy-related carbon emissions from the three strata of industry, except the primary industry, and household energy co...

  3. Epidemiologic Evaluation of Child Abuse and Neglect in School-Aged Children of Qazvin Province, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Manoochehr Mahram; Zahra Hoseinkhani; Saharnaz Nedjat; Ali Aflatouni

    2013-01-01

    Objective: This study was carried out to detect the prevalence of child abuse in three domains of physical, psychological and neglect among elementary school aged children of Qazvin Province, Iran.Methods: In this descriptive-analytic and cross-sectional study, 1028 elementary school aged children of Qazvin Province selected through multistage cluster sampling were assessed for child abuse in all domains, except for sexual abuse through a researcher-made questionnaire. The questionnaire was s...

  4. Barriers to immunization among children of migrant workers from Myanmar living in Tak province, Thailand.

    OpenAIRE

    Canavati, S; Plugge, E; Suwanjatuporn, S; Sombatrungjaroen, S; Nosten, F

    2011-01-01

    PROBLEM: Immunization is a cost-effective means of improving child survival but implementation of programmes in low- and middle-income countries is variable. Children of migrants are less likely to be immunized. APPROACH: The qualitative study aimed to identify barriers to the successful implementation of migrant immunization programmes in Tak province, Thailand. We ran a total of 53 focus groups involving 371 participants in three sites. LOCAL SETTING: Tak province in Thailand borders Myanma...

  5. Management of Calcium and Phosphorus Metabolism in Hemodialysis Patients in Tehran Province, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Mitra Mahdavi-Mazdeh; Mahnaz Zamyadi; Shahram Norouzi; Alireza Heidary Rouchi

    2009-01-01

    Introduction. Our aim was to evaluate the degree of achievement of the recommended values in National Kidney Foundation Dialysis Outcomes Quality Initiative (K/DOQI) guidelines for the laboratory indicators of bone metabolism in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) in Tehran province.Materials and Methods. We evaluated the laboratory information of 2630 HD patients in Tehran province. Demographic data of the patients and the clinical information including the duration of dialysis session, di...

  6. Predictors of condom use and refusal among the population of Free State province in South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Chandran Thoovakkunon; Berkvens Dirk; Chikobvu Perpetual; Nöstlinger Christiana; Colebunders Robert; Williams Brian; Speybroeck Niko

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background This study investigated the extent and predictors of condom use and condom refusal in the Free State province in South Africa. Methods Through a household survey conducted in the Free Sate province of South Africa, 5,837 adults were interviewed. Univariate and multivariate survey logistic regressions and classification trees (CT) were used for analysing two response variables ‘ever used condom’ and ‘ever refused condom’. Results Eighty-three per cent of the respondents had...

  7. Sustainable Development of Agricultural Product Processing Industry in Jilin Province of China

    OpenAIRE

    Chuan Lian Song

    2011-01-01

    Jilin is a big agricultural province in northeast China. Development of agricultural product processing industry and improvement of agro-food additional value play a vital role in improvement of living standard of farmer and increase of local government financial revenue. Therefore, agricultural product processing industry is regarded as the third pillar industry after automotive industry and petrochemical industry in Jilin Province, China. Considering the characteristics of agricultural prod...

  8. Performance characteristics of EZhou bentonite of Hubei province and its modifi cation

    OpenAIRE

    Long Wei; Fan Zitian; Hu Xueting

    2009-01-01

    Both the chemical compositions and performance characteristics of the bentonite raw ores in Ezhou area of Hubei province and Honghuoshan area of Liaoning province were compared and analyzed. The properties of these two kinds of bentonites were tested before and after Na+- and Li+-modifi cation. The results show that the Ezhou bentonite ore possesses higher montmorillonite content than the Honghuoshan bentonite ore, but the Ezhou Na-bentonite has weaker castability (e.g. wet compression streng...

  9. Identifying the Factors that Affect the Financial Sustainability in Balochistan Province of Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Sadiq, Waseem

    2013-01-01

    This study defines the factors affecting the financial sustainability in province of Balochistan. This research also describes that the financial sustainability in Balochistan is influenced by multiple diverse macro and micro level factors those create barriers and obstacles for development of province. These factors include political instability, poor infrastructure, poor quality of education, poor governance practices, law & order situation and corruption. This research was conducted to fin...

  10. "Gondwana" magmatism of Patagonia : inner cordilleran calc-alkaline batholiths and bimodal volcanic provinces

    OpenAIRE

    Rapela, C.W.; Pankhurst, R.J.; Llambias, E.J.; Labudia, C.; Artabe, A.

    1996-01-01

    Le magmatisme gondwanien (Carbonifère supérieur à Jurassique) de l'Amérique du Sud australe contient des alternances répétées entre les batholithes calco-alcalins internes à la Cordillère et des provinces de volcanisme bimodal. Ceci peut refléter des changements dans le régime tectonique, avec des épisodes plutoniques correspondant aux périodes de forte obliquité de la subduction, les larges provinces de volcanisme correspondant aux périodes d'arrêt ou de ralentissement de la subduction. (Rés...

  11. Study of Intestinal Protozoan Parasites in Rural Inhabitants of Mazandaran Province, Northern Iran

    OpenAIRE

    M. Rezaeian; AR Meamar; MR Nilforoushan; Hosseini, M.; Kia EB

    2008-01-01

    Background: Intestinal parasites of humans are important health problems of most communities, especially those situated in tropical and subtropical areas. This study was carried out in rural population of Mazandaran Province, northern Iran, during 2004-2005, with the purpose of achieving a better understanding of the distribution of intestinal protozoan parasites in this province.Methods: A total of 855 stool specimens were collected randomly from rural inhabitants (384 males and 471 females)...

  12. A Riot Problem in Three Southern Frontier Province: A Cultural Management Model by Means of Peace

    OpenAIRE

    Niphon Chuchouisuwan; Songkoon Chantachon; Chamnan Rodhetphai

    2011-01-01

    Problem statement: It was evident that a riot problem in Three Southern Frontier Provinces of Thailand resulted from many factors such as an economic factor, a social factor, a political factor, an educational factor, a religious factor, a cultural factor, a traditional factor, including a geographical location. These factors linked one another to affect systematically a riot problem in Three Southern Frontier Provinces and the centre of the problem was a religious factor. The purposes of thi...

  13. The impact of the five year nutrition project in Selenge province of Mongolia

    OpenAIRE

    Battuya, K.

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: This thesis is based on the result of a study of the impact of World Vision Mongolia’s five year Nutrition Project which was implemented in the poor nomadic areas of the Selenge province of Mongolia. OBJECTIVE: The general objective of this thesis is to analyse the child nutritional status in Selenge province since the project implementation and assess whether the changes in child nutritional outcomes were associated with the nutrition project interventions. FINDINGS: The implemen...

  14. Analysis of Occupational Infections among Health Care Workers in Limpopo Province of South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Ntambwe Malangu; Adelaide Legothoane

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Occupational infections particularly hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) are a serious problem in the healthcare industry worldwide. This study purported to investigate their prevalence and risk factors among healthcare workers from Limpopo province of South Africa. Methods: Cases about occupational infectious diseases of healthcare workers from Limpopo province that were submitted to the Compensation Commissioner from January 2006 to December 2009 were reviewed. Results: The total...

  15. IMPLEMENTATION OF SERVICE DOMINANT LOGIC IN PUBLIC TRANSPORT (Case Study: Lampung Province)

    OpenAIRE

    Suwandaru, Alif Aditya

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT   Private vehicle using is leading to increased traffic congestion, air pollution and mounting social disparities, especially at big city. Particularly in Lampung Province, Bandar Lampung as a capital of Lampung province is trying to initiate creating sustainable integrated public transportation and it has been started while several public transport companies together established Trans Bandar Lampung. At early, it was going really well and Bandar Lampung citizen started to use this B...

  16. 2050 pathway to an active renewable energy scenario for Jiangsu province

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hong, Lixuan; Lund, Henrik; Mathiesen, Brian Vad; Möller, Bernd

    2013-01-01

    In 2009, Jiangsu province of China supplied 99.6 percent of its total energy consumption with fossil fuels, of which 82 percent was imported from other provinces and countries. With rising energy demand, frequent energy shortages, and increasing pollution, it is essential for Jiangsu to put more emphasis on improving its energy efficiency and utilizing its renewable resources in the future. This paper presents the integrated energy pathway for Jiangsu during its social and economic transformatio...

  17. Phlebotominae fauna in the Province of Tucumán, Argentina Fauna flebotomínica en la Provincia de Tucumán, Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Elizabeth CÓRDOBA LANÚS; Oscar Daniel SALOMÓN

    2002-01-01

    American Tegumentary Leishmaniasis is endemic in the province of Tucumán since 1916 where the first Argentinian case of leishmaniasis was reported. An epidemic outbreak took place in the province during 1986-1988, after that the number of cases increased gradually again between 1991-1996. Since October of 1999 sand flies captures were performed at different places associated with current and past transmission or sites identified as risky ones. The collections were carried out with CDC mini li...

  18. Survey of the livestock ticks of the North West province, South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Spickett, Arthur M.; I. Heloise Heyne; Roy Williams

    2011-01-01

    Ticks, as vectors of disease and damage agents, impact directly and indirectly on the economy of the livestock industry in southern Africa. This study surveyed the occurrence and distribution of ticks infesting livestock across the North West province, South Africa. During three phases in consecutive years, officers of the provincial Veterinary Department collected specimens monthly from livestock hosts at specified sites across the province. Data analysis constituted the fourth phase of the ...

  19. Impact of financial variables on the production efficiency of Pangasius farms in An Giang province, Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Hanh, Bui Le Thai

    2009-01-01

    This research provides the first analysis of the relationship between farm financial exposure and technical efficiency in the Pangasius farming in An Giang province, in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam. A nonparametric DEA approach has been applied to estimate technical and scale efficiency scores of 61 Pangasius farms in An Giang province in the year 2008. The mean technical efficiencies under assumption of constant returns to scale and variable returns to scale and scale efficiency were measured...

  20. An exploratory survey of money boys and HIV transmission risk in Jilin Province, PR China

    OpenAIRE

    Lee Zixuan; Guo Wei; Li Zhihe; Wang Lu; Anderson Allen F; Meng Xiangdong; Jin Huixin; Cai Yong

    2010-01-01

    Abstract This report represents the first exploratory study of Chinese men who provide commercial sex services to other men ("money boys") in Jilin Province, People's Republic of China, through a convenience sample drawn from Changchun and Jilin City. A total of 86 active money boy participants (Changchun, n = 49; Jilin City, n = 37) were surveyed concerning background and demographics, basic HIV transmission knowledge, and sexual practices. The survey indicated that while Jilin Province mone...

  1. The Insight Study of Consumer Life-styles and Purchasing Behaviors in Songkla Province, Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Wassana Suwanvijit; Sompong Promsa-ad

    2009-01-01

    Purposes of the insight study of consumer life-styles and purchasing behaviors in Songkla province, Thailand” were: 1)to understand consumer life-styles and purchasing behaviors; 2) to determine the factors affecting consumer life-stylesand purchasing behaviors; and 3) to examine consumer attitudes among traditional and modern trade channels. The data were collected through self-administered questionnaires among a sample of 300 consumers in Songkla province.Descriptive and inferential statist...

  2. Analysis of Energy Productivity and Determinant Factors: A Case Study of China’s Provinces

    OpenAIRE

    Michinori Uwasu; Keishiro Hara; Helmut Yabar; Haiyan Zhang

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to explore the structure of how energy productivity in China’s provinces is determined to draw useful energy policy implications for sustainable development. First, energy productivity is decomposed into two attributes; technology; and input factor which is necessary for economic activities such as labor and capital. The paper then estimates energy technology levels as an indicator across provinces in China through 2004 and 2007 using a growth accounting method....

  3. Differences in suicide behaviour in the elderly: a study in two provinces of Northern Italy

    OpenAIRE

    Siliquini, Roberta

    2005-01-01

    BACKGROUND: to investigate the suicide phenomenon among the elderly (people aged 65 and over) in the Italian provinces of Novara and Verbania, in the time span between January 1990 and December 2000, in order to evaluate if the characteristics of the suicide behaviour correlate to the place of living with particular attention to the psychosocial factors. METHODS: the information was collected from the Republic Procuration of the two provinces. Frequencies and contingency tables were evaluated...

  4. Fauna and Larval Habitats of Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae of West Azerbaijan Province, Northwestern Iran.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farahnaz Khoshdel-Nezamiha

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Several important diseases are transmitted by mosquitoes. Despite of the potential of the occurrence of some mosquito-borne diseases such as West Nile, dirofilariasis and malaria in the region, there is no recent study of mosquitoes in West Azerbaijan Province. The aim of this investigation was to study the fauna, composition and distribution of mosquitoes and the characteristics of their larval habitats in this province.Larvae and adult collections were carried out from different habitats using the standard methods in twenty five localities of seven counties across West Azerbaijan Province.Overall, 1569 mosquitoes including 1336 larvae and 233 adults were collected from 25 localities. The details of geographical properties were recorded. Five genera along with 12 species were collected and identified including: Anopheles claviger, An. maculipennis s.l., An. superpictus, Culex pipiens, Cx. theileri, Cx. modestus, Cx. hortensis, Cx. mimeticus, Culiseta Longiareolata, Ochlerotatus caspius s.l., Oc. geniculatus and Uranotaenia unguiculata. This is the first record of Oc. geniculatus in the province.Due to the geographical location of the West Azerbaijan Province, it comprises different climatic condition which provides suitable environment for the establishment of various species of mosquitoes. The solidarity geographical, cultural and territorial exchanges complicate the situation of the province and its vectors as a threat for future and probable epidemics of mosquito-borne diseases.

  5. Study of an evaluation index system of well-off water conservancy in Yunnan Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, C.; Wen, Z.; Shu, L.; Lu, C.; Gu, S.; Su, J.; He, M.; Xing, K.

    2015-05-01

    To achieve good water conservancy under the well-off society before 2020, the future water conservancy planning is undergoing in Yunnan Province. In this study, by analysing the research results of domestic relevant water evaluation index systems and combining this with the water conservancy construction key of Yunnan Province, an unique evaluation index system was proposed to evaluate the well-off water conservancy level of Yunnan Province. It is composed of three levels which are the target layer, criterion layer and index layer. And the criterion layer includes six systems, namely flood control and drought relief mitigation, reasonable allocation of water resources, highly effective water utilization, water source protection and river health security, water management and securing of water development. The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) was used to determine the weight of each index. According to the present situation of water development and the related water conservancy planning in Yunnan Province, the target value of each index and evaluation standards are put forward for Yunnan Province in 2020. The results show that the evaluation results are consistent with the actual condition of water development in Yunnan Province and can be used to examine the effects of well-off water conservancy planning.

  6. Chapter 41: Geology and petroleum potential of the West Greenland-East Canada Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schenk, C.J.

    2011-01-01

    The US Geological Survey (USGS) assessed the potential for undiscovered oil and gas resources of the West Greenland-East Canada Province as part of the USGS Circum-Arctic Resource Appraisal programme. The province lies in the offshore area between western Greenland and eastern Canada and includes Baffin Bay, Davis Strait, Lancaster Sound and Nares Strait west of and including part of Kane Basin. A series of major tectonic events led to the formation of several distinct structural domains that are the geological basis for defining five assessment units (AU) in the province, all of which are within the Mesozoic-Cenozoic Composite Petroleum System. Potential petroleum source rocks include strata of Ordovician, Lower and Upper Cretaceous, and Palaeogene ages. The five AUs defined for this study - the Eurekan Structures AU, NW Greenland Rifted Margin AU, NE Canada Rifted Margin AU, Baffin Bay Basin AU and the Greater Ungava Fault Zone AU - encompass the entire province and were assessed for undiscovered technically recoverable resources. The mean volumes of undiscovered resources for the West Greenland-East Canada Province are 10.7 ?? 109 barrels of oil, 75 ?? 1012 cubic feet of gas, and 1.7 ?? 109 barrels of natural gas liquids. For the part of the province that is north of the Arctic Circle, the estimated mean volumes of these undiscovered resources are 7.3 ?? 109 barrels of oil, 52 ?? 1012 cubic feet of natural gas, and 1.1 ?? 109 barrels of natural gas liquids. ?? 2011 The Geological Society of London.

  7. Root rot of sugarbeet in the Vojvodina Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stojšin Vera B.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Large changes introduced in the sugar beet production technology in the Vojvodina Province over last 40 years resulted in changes in the etiology and harmfulness of different agents of sugar beet root diseases. Improvements in cultivation practices reduced the harmfulness of some diseases while increased the harmfulness of others. Some disease agents became obsolete, but others gained importance. New agents of root diseases were found. The most frequent damages, persisting over long periods of time were caused by seedling damping-off, Fusarium root rot, charcoal root rot, parasitic (Rhizomania and non-parasitic root bearding. The parasitic damping-off caused by several fungal species but most frequently by Phoma betae occurred at the time when multigerm seeds were used in combination with extensive cultural practices. The agents of seedling diseases completely lost their significance as the consequence of switching to fungicide - treated monogerm seeds, earlier planting and improved soil tillage. In the period of intensive use of agricultural chemicals, seedling damping-off occurred frequently due to the phytotoxic action of chemicals (insecticides, herbicides and mineral fertilizers. In some years, frosts caused damping- off of sugar beet seedlings on a large scale in the Vojvodina Province. Poor sugar beet germination and emergence were frequently due to spring droughts. Sometimes they were due to strong winds. The occurrence of Fusarium root rot and charcoal root rot intensified on poor soils. Fusariosis symptoms were exhibited as plant wilting and different forms of root rot. In recent years root tip rot has occurred frequently in the first part of the growing season causing necrosis and dying of plants. Lateral roots tended to proliferate from the healthy tissue, giving the root a bearded appearance similar to Rhizomania. Fusarium oxysporum was the most frequent agent of this fusariosis. F. graminearum, F. equiseti, F. solani have also been identified in recent years as the agent of root rot, but its importance was much lower. Charcoal root rot and plant wilting (Macrophomina phaseolina have caused extensive damages in sugar beets, especially under the conditions of severe drought and high temperatures in summer. In some years, it was the dominant agent of root rot. Mixed infections caused by fungi from the genera Fusarium and M. phaseolina were encountered frequently. The extent of damage caused by these diseases was reduced by improved pro- duction technology. Rhizomania of sugar beet (caused by beet necrotic yellow vein virus was identified in Serbia in the 1970s. Results of recent investigations have shown that BNYVV is widespread in Vojvodina, since the virus was found on 36,7% (24,674 ha of acreages from 67,213 ha of total sugar beet acreages inspected on incidence of BNYVV in the period from 1997 to 2004 year. In the last few years, the occurrence of Rhizoctonia root rot (Rhizoctonia solani was registered in some localities in Vojvodina.

  8. Roots of Magmatic Systems of Large Continental Igneous Provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharkov, E. V.

    2014-12-01

    It is consensus now that appearance of the large igneous provinces (LIP) is considered with ascending of mantle superplumes. It is evident that beneath LIPs was not exited magma oceans and adiabatic melting occurred in heads of protuberances on their surface (local, or secondary plumes), which can reach relatively shallow levels. The least known element of magmatic system is area of magma generation and meltedsources. Important information about it is contained in the mantle xenoliths in alkali basalts. They are represented by two series: (1) "green": spinel peridotite (maily lherzolite) and minor spinel pyroxenite (websterite), and (2) "black" (veins in the peridotite matrix): wehrlite, Al-Ti-augite and hornblende clinopyroxenite, hornblendite, phlogopitite, etc, which crystallized from fluid-saturated melts or high-density fluid. Very likely, that these fluids, enriched in Fe, Ti, alkalis and incompatible elements, were parts of intergranular material of original plume material and were released due to its decompression; evidently, they provided specific composition of plume-related melts. Both types of xenoliths represent material of plume head and accordingly - the melting substratum. One of problem of plume-related magmatism is coexisting of alkali and tholeiitic basalts, which origin often considered with different PT conditions. However, this situation can be explained another way. Because fluid components, acting jointly or separately, impregnated the peridotite matrix nonuniform, it led to heterogeneous composition of smelted magmas, and primary melts can have different composition even though be forming at similar PT conditions. According to Yoder and Tilley (1962), even small differences in SiO2 content lead to different ways in evolution of magmas due to critical plane of silica undersaturation. As a result, one magmas will develop to Ne enrichment (alkali basalts) and another - to silica direction (tholeiite basalts.

  9. Current analysis of orcharding in the Isparta Province (Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sargin Sevil

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In this study, orcharding activity in the Isparta Province, Turkey, is analysed. Until a few years ago, the economy of Isparta was associated with hand carpet weaving, rose-growing and rose-oil extraction. However, over the last few years orcharding has attracted attention as the most important economic activity in Isparta. This is especially visible in the districts of E?irdir, Gelendost, Senirkent and Yalvac where many kinds of fruits, specifically apples and cherries, are grown for the market. Physical geography features of Isparta have an important potential for developing orcharding. Suitable climatic conditions, fertile soils and fresh water resources, both surface and underground, are distinctive elements of this potential. In addition, irrigation projects, modern agricultural techniques, quality and resistible fruit types, appropriate fertilisation, pruning and disinfecting are human activities effecting the development of orcharding. Moreover, establishing modern and high capacity cold stores nearby the areas where fruits are grown is regarded an important factor increasing the value of Isparta fruits on the national and international markets. Thus, developing commercial orcharding in Isparta is gaining importance as a profitable activity as well as an opportunity for rural population for employment in fruit picking, storing, packaging and transporting. The emphasis of this study is put on current development of orcharding, distribution of apple, cherry, grape and other fruits production, reasons for this distribution and problems associated with orcharding in Isparta. Besides formal data collection, the findings obtained during field studies in Bo?azova as well as on the Uluborlu-Senirkent and Gelendost Plains enable the authors to conclude that orcharding has become the most important rural activity in the region.

  10. Impacts of shoreline erosion on coastal ecosystems in Songkhla Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nipaporn Chusrinuan

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Songkhla Province is located on the eastern coast of the southern Thai Peninsula, bordering the Gulf of Thailand for approximately 107 km. Most of the basin’s foreshores have been extensively developed for housing, tourism and shrimp farming. The beaches are under deteriorating impacts, often causing sediment transport which leads to an unnaturally high erosion rate. This natural phenomenon is considered to be a critical problem in the coastal areas affected by the hazard of coastal infrastructure and reduced beach esthetics for recreation. In this study, shoreline changes were compared between 1975 and 2006 using aerial photographs and Landsat imageries using Geographic Information System (GIS. The results revealed that 18.5 km2 of the coastal areas were altered during the period. Of this, 17.3 km2 suffered erosion and 1.2 km2were subjected to accretion. The most significant changes occurred between 1975-2006. Shoreline erosion was found at Ban Paktrae, Ranot District, with an average erosion rate of 5.3 m/year, while accretion occurred at Laem Samila, MuangSongkhla District with an average accretion rate of 2.04 m/year. The occurrences of shoreline erosion have contributed to the degradation of coastal soil and water quality, destruction of beach and mangrove forests, loss of human settlements and livelihood.These processes have led to deterioration of the quality of life of the residents. Prevention and mitigation measures to lessen economic and social impacts due to shoreline erosion are discussed.

  11. The petrogenesis of metamorphosed carbonatites in the Grenville Province, Ontario

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moecher, D.P.; Anderson, E.D.; Cook, C.A. [Univ. of Kentucky, Dept. of Geological Sciences, Lexington, Kentucky (United States)]. E-mail: moker@pop.uky.edu; Mezger, K. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Chemie, Mainz (Germany)

    1997-09-15

    Veins and dikes of calcite-rich rocks within the Central Metasedimentary Belt boundary zone (CMBbz) in the Grenville Province of Ontario have been interpreted to be true carbonatites or to be pseudocarbonatites derived from interaction of pegmatite melts and regional Grenville marble. The putative carbonatites have been metamorphosed and consist mainly of calcite, biotite, and apatite with lesser amounts of clinopyroxene, magnetite, allanite, zircon, titanite, cerite, celestite, and barite. The rocks have high P and rare earth element (REE) contents, and calcite in carbonatite has elevated Sr, Fe, and Mn contents relative to Grenville Supergroup marble and marble melange. Values of {delta}{sup 18}O{sub SMOW} (9.9 - 13.3o/oo) and {delta}{sup 13}C{sub PDB} (-4.8 to -1.9o/oo) for calcite are also distinct from those for marble and most marble melange. Titanites extracted from clinopyroxene -calcite-scapolite skarns formed by metasomatic interaction of carbonatites and silicate lithologies yield U-Pb ages of 1085 to 1035 Ma. Zircon from one carbonatite body yields a U-Pb age of 1089 {+-} 5 Ma; zircon ages from two other bodies are 1170 {+-} 3 and 1143 {+-} 8 Ma, suggesting several carbonatite formation events or remobilization of carbonatite during deformation and metamorphism around 1080 Ma. Values of {epsilon}{sub Nd}(T) are 1.7 - 3.2 for carbonatites, -1.5 -1.0 for REE-rich granite dikes intruding the CMBbz, and 1.6 - 1.7 for marble. The mineralogy and geochemical data are consistent with derivation of the carbonatites from a depleted mantle source. Mixing calculations indicate that interaction of REE-rich pegmatites with regional marbles cannot reproduce selected major and minor element abundance, REE contents, and O and Nd isotope compositions of the carbonatites. (author)

  12. Congenital Hypothyroidism: Increased Incidence in Yazd Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Noori-Shadkam

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH is one of the most common preventable causes of mental retardation. Its worldwide incidence is estimated to be one in 2500-5500 births. Assessment of thyroid gland in neonates is critical. The aims of this study were to demonstrate the incidence of CH in neonates born in Yazd province, Iran in 1389 (2010 and compare the results with other reported studies and investigate biochemical characteristics of affected infants. Materials & Methods: This is an analytical descriptive cross-sectional study. The study was conducted on all infants (13022 births born in 1389 (March 2010-March 2011. Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH was measured using ELISA technique. Results: Forty five infants suffered from congenital hypothyroidism with an overall incidence of one in 289 live births. Twenty five of the diagnosed infants were males (incidence 1:261 and twenty were females (incidence 1:325. The incidence of CH in boys was more than girls (P-value = 0.295. The highest incidence of CH was observed in spring followed by summer and the lowest incidence was in autumn followed by winter (P-value=0.000. Conclusion: The CH incidence was 10.3 to 13.8 times more than other countries. The highest CH incidence was in spring followed by summer and the lowest incidence was in autumn followed by winter. It is important that a larger size of cases need to be screened and more information on the aetiology of the affected infants to be obtained

  13. Birth weight in Kohkilooyeh and Boyer Ahmad province, 1999

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goshtasbi Nasab A

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available The newborn's weight at birth is an important measure for newborn's health in all communities. Among developed countries, 70 percent of low birth weight (LBW newborns are preterm. The corresponding figure for undeveloped countries is only 30 percent, there are also evidence of intra-uterine growth retardation among these countries. Among effective factors on LBW, maternal related factors have important role in promotion and improvement of infants and mother's health. This study is a descriptive-analytic one and was conducted cross-sectionally through a questionnair. The study population determined by simple random sampling from newborns under coverage of urban health centers in Kohgiloye and Boyerahmad province. Necessary data collected from existing medical and health records filed in the health centers. Among 285 newborns, 88.4 percent considered with normal weight, 4 percent with IBW and 11.6 percent with more than normal weight. 7.4 percent of cases were immature. 85.3 percent of the mothers in study population were in immune range of age for pregnancy and 7.6 percent of them were illiterate. Except the sex of newborn (P=0.0008 and gestational age at birth (P<0.001 none of the variables demonstrated a significant statistical relation with the birth weight. The results of this study confirm other research's findings and reveal that with improving material factors such as mother's age, employment and literacy, the factors which are effective on birth weight, will be dependent on physiological factors such as sex of newborn and gestational age at birth.

  14. Otter Work in the Western Cape Province, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael J. Somers

    1994-10-01

    Full Text Available The work being done by the University of Stellenbosch investigating otters as biological indicators of freshwater ecosystem in South Africa is progressing well. The first aim of the project is to assess the role of both species of otter (spotted-necked otters Lutra maculicollis and Cape clawless otters Aonyx capensis in freshwater ecosystems, and the factors and mechanisms responisble for limiting their populations (their role as biological indicators will be inferred from these results and secondly, to contribute to our understanding of carnivore behavioural ecology.The first stage in determining the distribution and status of spotted-necked otters and Cape clawless otters, in South Africa, and possible effects of environmental variants have, is almost complete. A detailed autecological study of Cape clawless otters in two rivers is now the main focus of the project. Six otters have had radio transmitters implanted: MP/300/L, implantable transmitter, 40g 80 x 20 mm diameter cylinder (Telonics Inc., Arizona, USA. Since implanting, one male has died of unknown causes. A post mortem revealed total healing from the operation. Much new behavioural and ecological information has been gained by the use of the radio tracking. One adult male has a home range of at least 45 km, much more than first expected for the species. Work has also been done in the Eastern Cape Province determining the diet of three coexisting carnivores, spotted-necked otters, Cape clawless otters and water mongoose (Atilax paludinosus. This work is about to be submitted for publication. We thank the Southern African Nature Foundation (WWF, for providing funds, and Mazda Wildlife Fund for providing a vehicle for the project.

  15. The prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis in Jeonbug Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A photofluorographic mass survey of P-A chest had been done to the 13136 residents (male 6264, female 6872) in Jeonbug province, Korea for about 2 years from May 5, to Dec.19, 1978 and from Mar. 5, to Dec. 22, 1979. The results are as follows: 1. The prevalence rate of all active pulmonary tuberculosis is 5.3%. 2. The prevalence rate of male(8.8%) is 4.2 times higher than that of female (2.1%). 3. The prevalence rates of all old age groups above fifty years are higher than that of remainder under fifty years of age. Of these, 61-70 years old age group is highest in prevalence rate. 4. According to extent of active pulmonary tuberculosis, 77.5% is minimal, 15.4% is moderately advanced, and 7.1% is far advanced. Inactive pulmonary tuberculosis are 39 cases (0.3% to objective population). 5. In the incidence of the involved side, right side is about 2 times higher than the left, and involvement of both sides is increased in moderately and far advance pulmonary tuberculosis. In all pulmonary tuberculosis, one or both upper lung fields are most commonly involved. The incidences of cavity in moderately and far advanced pulmonary tuberculosis show no significant difference. 6. The incidences of other intrathoracic lesions are as follows: suspected hypertensive heart disease 2.4%, dextrocardia with situs inversus 0.04%, pleural calcification 0.4%, pleural thickening 0.2%, pleural effusion 0.1%, pneumonia 0.02%, bronchiectasis 0.1%, lung abscess 0.02%, C.O.P.D. 0.2%, suspected lung tumor 0.06%, pneumothorax 0.0076%, and suspected mediastinal tumor 0.02%

  16. Potato virus yisolated from pepper fields in Tehran Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mostafae, S; Mosahebi, Gh; Habibi, M Koohi

    2006-01-01

    Potato Virus Y was known as the main cause of yellowing and vein necrosis of pepper in Tehran Province, using Double Antibody Sandwich Elisa (DAS-ELISA). Biological properties including host range of the isolate was determined after biological purification. Host range studies showed that pepper isolate of PVY caused vein clearing and mosaic symptoms on Datura metel and Capsicum annum, mosaic on Nicotiana tabacum cv. White Barley, N. tabacum cv. Samsun and N. rustica but didn't show any symptoms on Physalis floridana, Chenopodium amaranticolor, C. quinoa and Solanum tuberosum. Also the virus was physically purified from propagative hosts: Datura metel, Nicotiana tabacum cv. White Barley and Capsicum annum using Leiser & Richter (1978) method. The A260/280 absorbance ratio of the isolate was 1.16, 1.50 and 1.04 for purified preparations from D. metel, N. tabacum cv. White Barley and C. annum respectively. SDS-PAGE of the coat protein extracted from purified virus preparations gave bands at position of about 34 KD and Western Blotting (using PVY antiserum with 1/1000 dilution, obtained from DSMZ, Germany) confirmed its as the PVY coat protein. In order to prepare antiserum, five injections were given at 7-10 days intervals to rabbit. A week after the last injection the rabbit was bled and the antiserum collected. The primer pairs NIA/F and NIA/R (Glais et al., 2005) were used in IC-RT-PCR and the length of the amplified fragment was 752 bp. This is the first report of PVY incidence in pepper fields in Iran. PMID:17390898

  17. Discovery of the Sierra Pintada uranium district, Mendoza Province, Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since 1956, uranium-bearing minerals have been known to exist in Sierra Pintada, Mendoza Province, Argentina. Based on paragenetic considerations, a first radiometric prospection was carried out, leading to the discovery of two groups of anomalies (Puesto Agua del Toro and Cuesta de los Terneros), such as vein-type deposits, with uraninite and 'yellow minerals' and one sandstone-type deposit (Puesto La Josefa), related to sediments with carbon trash. Some recent geological research and surveys in the area, and a reduced drilling programme carried out on selected anomalies, led to reinterpretation of the potential of the area. Furthermore, and as a result of an airborne radiometric prospection performed in mid-1968, numerous anomalies have been discovered. The main constellation of anomalies, along the flanks of the El Tigre Brachyanticline, occurs in sandstones of Permian age. Explored by 80 000 m of drilling, they have shown the existence of several peneconcordant lens-shaped ore bodies of economic size, with uranophane on the surface and prevailing uraninite and some brannerite, coffinite and davidite below the water table. Reserves exceed 20 000 tonnes of U3O8. A new regional programme with a 4-km drill-grid initiated in 1978 led to the discovery of new ore bodies which are at present being evaluated. The alternatives and discontinuities during the development of the district, the prospecting and exploration techniques employed, and the results achieved in the different stages of the operation are discussed in detail. This case history attempts to illustrate the developing philosophy which was successfully applied in Sierra Pintada, with emphasis on the following points: (a) the need for adequate geological knowledge of the area; (b) the advantage of a massive survey (in this case, air survey); (c) the necessity for exploration (drilling) in order to define the anomalies and make their evaluation possible; and (d) the convenience of extending exploration when geology and control factors have been properly surveyed and recognized

  18. Quality of asthma care: Western Cape Province, South Africa

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Bob, Mash; Hilary, Rhode; Michael, Pather; Gillian, Ainslie; Elvis, Irusen; Angeni, Bheekie; Pat, Mayers.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Asthma is the eighth leading contributor to the burden of disease in South Africa, but has received less attention than other chronic diseases. The Asthma Guidelines Implementation Project (AGIP) was established to improve the impact of the South African guidelines for chronic asthma in [...] adults and adolescents in the Western Cape. One strategy was an audit tool to assist with assessing and improving the quality of care. METHODS: The audit of asthma care targeted all primary care facilities that managed adult patients with chronic asthma within all six districts of the Western Cape province. The usual steps in the quality improvement cycle were followed. RESULTS: Data were obtained from 957 patients from 46 primary care facilities. Only 80% of patients had a consistent diagnosis of asthma, 11.5% of visits assessed control and 23.2% recorded a peak expiratory flow (PEF), 14% of patients had their inhaler technique assessed and 11.2% were given a self-management plan; 81% of medication was in stock, and the controller/reliever dispensing ratio was 0.6. Only 31.5% of patients were well controlled, 16.3% of all visits were for exacerbations, and 17.6% of all patients had been hospitalised in the previous year. CONCLUSION: The availability of medication and prescription of inhaled steroids is reasonable, yet control is poor. Health workers do not adequately distinguish asthma from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, do not assess control by questions or PEF, do not adequately demonstrate or assess the inhaler technique, and have no systematic approach to or resources for patient education. Ten recommendations are made to improve asthma care.

  19. Change in Fishing Patterns in Jammu and Kashmir Provinces of J and K – A Comparative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imtiyaz Qayoom

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Jammu and Kashmir serves a congenial habitat for variety of fish species due to large number of cold water resources which has paved way for the development of fisheries sector in the state. The state has crossed 20.0 thousand tonnes of fish production because of modern aquacultural practices implied at both governmental and private levels. Kashmir province is a leading producer of fishes contributing more than 80% of the total production of the state while as Jammu on the other hand has also emerged as a major producer of animal protein through fisheries sector. The fish production data of four decades reflects increasing trend of production in all commercially important species of both the provinces. However the statistical models forecasting the future production provide an idea about the growth patterns in fishes. In this paper, growth pattern of three different fish species (Trout, Mirror carp and Country fish from Kashmir province and various fishes from Jammu province (collectively named as Jammu fish of the state was assessed using fish production data from 1956-57 to 2011-12. Forecasting of fish production was made on the basis of the best fitted statistical models. Results showed that Kashmir province shows overall compound growth of 4.2% against 7.9% of increased compound growth rate of fish production of Jammu province since 1956-57. Cubic model was found to be the best fitted model for all the species in both the regions. However, when future fish production of the state is taken into consideration, the statistical models indicated a decreasing trend in the overall fish production of both the provinces. Besides, the matter of concern is that the demand of 70,000 thousand tonne consumption of fish protein in the state which is a milestone yet to be achieved. Keywords:

  20. Hair arsenic levels and prevalence of arsenicosis in three Cambodian provinces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashim, Jamal Hisham; Radzi, Rozhan Syariff Mohamed; Aljunid, Syed Mohamed; Nur, Amrizal Muhammad; Ismail, Aniza; Baguma, David; Sthiannopkao, Suthipong; Phan, Kongkea; Wong, Ming Hung; Sao, Vibol; Yasin, Mohamed Salleh Mohamed

    2013-10-01

    Natural, inorganic arsenic contamination of groundwater threatens the health of more than 100 million people worldwide, including residents of the densely populated river deltas of South and Southeast Asia. Contaminated groundwater from tube wells in Cambodia was discovered in 2001 leading to the detection of the first cases of arsenicosis in 2006. The most affected area was the Kandal Province. The main objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of arsenicosis in Cambodia based on acceptable criteria, and to investigate the use of hair arsenic as a biomarker not only for arsenicosis-related signs but also for associated symptoms. A cross-sectional epidemiological study of 616 respondents from 3 purposely selected provinces within the Mekong River basin of Cambodia was conducted. The Kandal Province was chosen as a high arsenic-contaminated area, while the Kratie Province and Kampong Cham Province were chosen as moderate and low arsenic-contaminated areas, respectively. The most prevalent sign of arsenicosis was hypomelanosis with a prevalence of 14.5% among all respondents and 32.4% among respondents with a hair arsenic level of ?1 ?g/g. This was followed by hyperkeratosis, hyperpigmentation and mee's lines. Results also suggest a 1.0 ?g/g hair arsenic level to be a practical cut off point for an indication of an arsenic contaminated individual. This hair arsenic level, together with the presence of one or more of the classical signs of arsenicosis, seems to be a practical criteria for a confirmed diagnosis. Based on these criteria, the overall prevalence of arsenicosis for all provinces was found to be 16.1%, with Kandal Province recording the highest prevalence of 35.5%. This prevalence is comparatively high when compared to that of other affected countries. The association between arsenicosis and the use of Chinese traditional medicine also needs further investigation. PMID:23759330

  1. Trend of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Kermanshah Province, West of Iran from 1990 To 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    HAMZAVI, Yazdan; KHADEMI, Nahid

    2015-01-01

    Background: This study was conducted to explain the trend of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) in Kermanshah Province, western Iran from 1991–2012. Methods: In this analytical-descriptive study, all of the patients suspected to CL in Kermanshah Province were studied. Smears were prepared from most of them, stained with Giemsa, and examined microscopically for Leishman bodies. A few of the patients were diagnosed according to physician diagnosis and response to glucantime. Questionnaires were completed for all of them. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS-21 and Spearman and Kendall tests. Results: From 1991 to 2012, 1684 cases of CL were recorded. In the years 2011–12 the frequency of CL in the province reached to 7.4/100,000, which showed a remarkable increase in the frequency of new cases CL in the province. In the years 2011–12 about 47% of total cases of CL in the province, was seen in Ghasr-e-Shirin district,which the frequency of CL in this district reached to 264.5/100,000. Frequency of CL in males and females was 57% and 43% respectively. The most cases of CL were seen in housewives (32.1%) and age groups of 20 to 29 years old (19.9%). In addition, the most cases of disease were seen in winter (41.8%) and fall (28.9%). Conclusion: CL is increasing remarkably in warm climates of the province, and Ghasr-e-Shirin must be of particular interest, as the most infected district in the province. PMID:25904949

  2. Trend of cutaneous leishmaniasis in kermanshah province, west of iran from 1990 to 2012.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yazdan Hamzavi

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to explain the trend of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL in Kermanshah Province, western Iran from 1991-2012.In this analytical-descriptive study, all of the patients suspected to CL in Kermanshah Province were studied. Smears were prepared from most of them, stained with Giemsa, and examined microscopically for Leishman bodies. A few of the patients were diagnosed according to physician diagnosis and response to glucantime. Questionnaires were completed for all of them. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS-21 and Spearman and Kendall tests.From 1991 to 2012, 1684 cases of CL were recorded. In the years 2011-12 the frequency of CL in the province reached to 7.4/100,000, which showed a remarkable increase in the frequency of new cases CL in the province. In the years 2011-12 about 47% of total cases of CL in the province, was seen in Ghasr-e-Shirin district,which the frequency of CL in this district reached to 264.5/100,000. Frequency of CL in males and females was 57% and 43% respectively. The most cases of CL were seen in housewives (32.1% and age groups of 20 to 29 years old (19.9%. In addition, the most cases of disease were seen in winter (41.8% and fall (28.9%.CL is increasing remarkably in warm climates of the province, and Ghasr-e-Shirin must be of particular interest, as the most infected district in the province.

  3. The Impact of Sectorial Economic Growth on Poverty and Social welfare in Provinces of Iran (2000-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shekoofeh Farahmand

    2013-07-01

    We applied sectorial variation in these data to shed light on the determinants of poverty dynamics in Iran. Since we have a panel of 28 provinces in 8 years, we allow the regression coefficients to vary by provinces. The estimation method is GMM. In this method we use instruments and lags for variables. To motivate our specification choice, consider first the following model in levels: Here is social welfare in province i on year t. is the

  4. Quantitative Estimation of Biomass Energy and Evaluation of Biomass Utilization - A Case Study of Jilin Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Junnian Song; Wei Yang; Helmut Yabar; Yoshiro Higano

    2013-01-01

    Jilin Province, as a large agricultural province, has abundant reserve of biomass resources. At the same time Jilin Province is currently suffering from energy shortage. Besides, consumption of conventional fossil fuels has resulted in the exacerbation of global warming and air pollution. Biomass energy as a renewable and substitutive energy, can mitigate the energy crisis and global warming, and improve environmental quality once it is fully utilized. This paper estimated the supply potentia...

  5. Spatial distribution of pollutant emissions from crop residue burning in the Punjab and Sindh provinces of Pakistan: uncertainties and challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irfan, Muhammad; Riaz, Muhammad; Arif, Muhammad Saleem; Shahzad, Sher Muhammad; Hussain, Sabir; Akhtar, Muhammad Javed; van den Berg, Leon; Abbas, Farhat

    2015-11-01

    Emissions of gaseous and particulate pollutants from burning of wheat straw, rice straw, cotton straw, and bagasse were studied for the two agricultural-activity-dominated provinces of Pakistan: the Punjab and Sindh. Emission estimates, inventory, and allocation maps indicated distinct patterns of pollutant emissions in the two provinces. Comparative pollutant emission analysis revealed that the Punjab province produced higher pollutants from agricultural biomass burning than Sindh province. Total emissions from these two provinces were estimated to be 16,084.04 Gg (16.08 Tg) for the year 2006/2007. Wheat straw was found to be the dominant source of CO, CO2, SO2, NOx, and EC emissions in the both provinces. However, for the emissions of CH4, NH3, EC, and OC, the Punjab and Sindh provinces differed markedly for the crop residue share in these pollutant emissions. Rice straw was found to be the largest contributor of CH4 (51 %) and NH3 (65 %) in Sindh province. When total emissions from biomass burning were considered at provincial level, wheat straw and bagasse were the major crop residues which accounted for 72 and 14 % of pollutant emissions, respectively, in the Punjab province, whereas, in Sindh province, the order of crop residue contribution in total emission was as follows: wheat (59 %) > bagasse (19 %) > rice (14 %) > cotton (7 %). Emission inventory data of total pollutants per unit area under cultivation (Mg ha(-1)) revealed that Sindh province produced higher emissions per hectare for wheat straw, rice straw, and bagasse than the Punjab province. PMID:26396020

  6. Petrogenesis, U-Pb zircon geochronology and tectonic evolution of the Malaysian granite provinces in the Southeast Asian tin belt

    OpenAIRE

    Ng, Wai Pan; Searle, Michael P.; Robb, Laurence J.; Whitehouse, Martin J.

    2014-01-01

    The Malaysian granitoids form the backbone of the Malay Peninsula and have long been recognized as composed of two distinct granitic provinces separated by the Bentong-Raub suture zone: Early Permian to Late Triassic Eastern Province (Indochina – East Malaya) with mainly “I-type” hornblende-bearing granitoids, associated with Cu-Au deposits, and subordinate hornblende-free pluton roof-zones hosting limited Sn-W deposits; and Late Triassic Main Range Province, western Malaysia (Sibumasu)...

  7. Relationship between Type of Risks and Income of the Rural Households in the Pattani Province of Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Pha-isah Leekoi; Ahmad Zafarullah Abdul Jalil; Mukaramah Harun

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the relationship between type of risks and income of the rural households in Pattani province, Thailand using the standard multiple regression analysis. A multi-stage sampling technique is employed to select 600 households of 12 districts in the rural Pattani province and a structured questionnaire is used for data collection. Evidences from descriptive analysis show that the type of risks faced by households in rural Pattani province are job loss, reduction of salary, hou...

  8. Selected conditions for the development of tourism in the sieradzkie province in the Years 1975-1998

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arkadiusz P?omi?ski

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available On 1st June 1975 a new two-tier administrative division of the country was introduced creating 49 new provinces. One of the newly created provinces was sieradzkie. On the territory of the sieradzkie province the development of tourism was coordinated and supervised by the department for physical education and tourism (the name of the department during the period changed repeatedly. The main factors for the development of tourism in the sieradzkie province included: the amount of funding spent on tasks related to tourism, tourism infrastructure (accommodation and catering, qualified tourist staff, as well as activities in the field of information and promotion of tourism.

  9. Lithospheric Deformation Along the Southern and Western Suture Zones of the Wyoming Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nuyen, C.; Porritt, R. W.; O'Driscoll, L.

    2014-12-01

    The Wyoming Province is an Archean craton that played an early role in the construction and growth of the North American continent. This region, which encompasses the majority of modern day Wyoming and southern Montana, initially collided with other Archean blocks in the Paleoproterozoic (2.0-1.8 Ga), creating the Canadian Shield. From 1.8-1.68 Ga, the Yavapai Province crashed into the Wyoming Province, suturing the two together. The accretion of the Yavapai Province gave way to the Cheyenne Belt, a deformational zone that exists along the southern border of the Wyoming Province where earlier studies have found evidence for crustal imbrication and double a Moho. Current deformation within the Wyoming province is due to its interaction with the Yellowstone Hotspot, which is currently located in the northwest portion of the region. This study images the LAB along the western and southern borders of the Wyoming Province in order to understand how the region's Archean lithosphere has responded to deformation over time. These results shed light on the inherent strength of Archean cratonic lithosphere in general. We employ two methods for this study: common conversion point (CCP) stacking of S to P receiver functions and teleseismic and ambient Rayleigh wave dispersion. The former is used to image the LAB structure while the latter is used to create a velocity gradient for the region. Results from both of the methods reveal a notably shallower LAB depth to the west of the boundary. The shallower LAB west of the Wyoming Province is interpreted to be a result of lithospheric thinning due to the region's interaction with the Yellowstone Hotspot and post-Laramide deformation and extension of the western United States. We interpret the deeper LAB east of the boundary to be evidence for the Wyoming Province's resistance to lithospheric deformation from the hotspot and tectonic processes. CCP images across the Cheyenne Belt also reveal a shallower LAB under the western perimeter of the belt. We believe that this is a result of the LAB jumping up to a mid-lithospheric discontinuity (MLD) as the less stable lower lithosphere was thinned or removed. This same MLD appears above the intact LAB in the eastern portion of the Cheyenne Belt. This suggests that the western end of the Cheyenne Belt has undergone more deformation over time than the eastern end.

  10. [Characteristics of agricultural climate resources in three provinces of northeast China under global climate change].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Zhi-juan; Yang, Xiao-guang; Wang, Wen-feng; Li, Ke-nan; Zhang, Xiao-yu

    2009-09-01

    Based on the 1961-2007 weather data from 72 meteorological stations in three provinces of Northeast China, the change characteristics of agricultural climatic factors including yearly and temperature-defined growing season's mean air temperature, > or =10 degrees C accumulated temperature, precipitation, reference evapotranspiration, and sunshine hours were analyzed. In 1961-2007, the yearly mean air temperature in the three provinces had an increasing trend, with a rate of 0.38 degrees C x 10 a(-1). The > or =10 degrees C accumulated temperature in temperature-defined growing season also had an increasing trend, and the border of > or =10 degrees C accumulated temperature belt moved northward and eastward. The area of > or =3200 degrees C x d accumulated temperature increased by 2.2 x 10(4) km2. The belt of 2800-3200 degrees C x d moved northward about 0.85 degrees and eastward about 0.67 degrees, while that of 2400-2800 degrees C x d moved northward about 1.1 degrees. The sunshine hours decreased significantly, especially in the east part of Songnen Plain, central and west plains of Jilin Province, and west part of Liaohe River Plain. The area with sunshine hours > 2800 h decreased from 13.6 x 10(4) km2 to 4. 1 x 10(4) km2, and the zone with sunshine hours 2600-2800 h moved westward about 1.5 degrees. The average sunshine hour in temperature-defined growing season was 1174 h. Comparing with that in 1961-1980, the region with more sunshine hours in temperature-defined growing season in 1981-2007 narrowed significantly, and the zone with sunshine hours 1200-1400 h moved westward about 0.9 degrees. In 1961-2007, both the yearly and the temperature-defined growing season's precipitation decreased, and the yearly reference evapotranspiration increased in Heilongjiang Province and in the eastern mountain areas of Jilin Province but decreased in the central and west plains of Jilin Province and in Liaoning Province. Comparing with that in 1961-1980, the zone of reference evapotranspiration with the value of > or =900 mm in 1981-2007 moved westward about 1 degree, and the reference evapotranspiration in temperature-defined growing season increased in most regions of Heilongjiang and Jilin Province but decreased in a rate of 0-14 mm x 10 a(-1) in most regions of Liaoning Province. PMID:20030143

  11. Predicting the risk of arsenic contaminated groundwater in Shanxi Province, Northern China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shanxi Province is one of the regions in northern China where endemic arsenicosis occurs. In this study, stepwise logistic regression was applied to analyze the statistical relationships of a dataset of arsenic (As) concentrations in groundwaters with some environmental explanatory parameters. Finally, a 2D spatial model showing the potential As-affected areas in this province was created. We identified topography, gravity, hydrologic parameters and remote sensing information as explanatory variables with high potential to predict high As risk areas. The model identifies correctly the already known endemic areas of arsenism. We estimate that the area at risk exceeding 10 ?g L?1 As occupies approximately 8100 km2 in 30 counties in the province. - Highlights: ? We develop a statistical model to predict arsenic affected areas of Shanxi Province. ? Holocene sediments, TWI, Rivdist, Gravity, remote sensing images are key predictors. ? Area of 8112 km2 and more than 30 counties are estimated at risk of arsenic hazard. ? Logistic regression model could be widely used to predict other emerging regions. - Explanatory variables from topography, hydrology, gravity, and remote sensing information are benefit to model As risk in groundwater of Shanxi Province.

  12. Indicators for Environment Health Risk Assessment in the Jiangsu Province of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shujie Zhang

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available According to the framework of “Pressure-State-Response”, this study established an indicator system which can reflect comprehensive risk of environment and health for an area at large scale. This indicator system includes 17 specific indicators covering social and economic development, pollution emission intensity, air pollution exposure, population vulnerability, living standards, medical and public health, culture and education. A corresponding weight was given to each indicator through Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP method. Comprehensive risk assessment of the environment and health of 58 counties was conducted in the Jiangsu province, China, and the assessment result was divided into four types according to risk level. Higher-risk counties are all located in the economically developed southern region of Jiangsu province and relatively high-risk counties are located along the Yangtze River and Xuzhou County and its surrounding areas. The spatial distribution of relatively low-risk counties is dispersive, and lower-risk counties mainly located in the middle region where the economy is somewhat weaker in the province. The assessment results provide reasonable and scientific basis for Jiangsu province Government in formulating environment and health policy. Moreover, it also provides a method reference for the comprehensive risk assessment of environment and health within a large area (provinces, regions and countries.

  13. Indicators for Environment Health Risk Assessment in the Jiangsu Province of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Shujie; Wei, Zhengzheng; Liu, Wenliang; Yao, Ling; Suo, Wenyu; Xing, Jingjing; Huang, Bingzhao; Jin, Di; Wang, Jiansheng

    2015-01-01

    According to the framework of "Pressure-State-Response", this study established an indicator system which can reflect comprehensive risk of environment and health for an area at large scale. This indicator system includes 17 specific indicators covering social and economic development, pollution emission intensity, air pollution exposure, population vulnerability, living standards, medical and public health, culture and education. A corresponding weight was given to each indicator through Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. Comprehensive risk assessment of the environment and health of 58 counties was conducted in the Jiangsu province, China, and the assessment result was divided into four types according to risk level. Higher-risk counties are all located in the economically developed southern region of Jiangsu province and relatively high-risk counties are located along the Yangtze River and Xuzhou County and its surrounding areas. The spatial distribution of relatively low-risk counties is dispersive, and lower-risk counties mainly located in the middle region where the economy is somewhat weaker in the province. The assessment results provide reasonable and scientific basis for Jiangsu province Government in formulating environment and health policy. Moreover, it also provides a method reference for the comprehensive risk assessment of environment and health within a large area (provinces, regions and countries). PMID:26371016

  14. Benjarong Sanitary Ware: Design and development for commerce in Samut Sakhon Province, Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanchai Sama

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This investigation has three primary aims: 1 to study the traditional knowledge of Benjarong in Samut Sakhon Province; 2 to study designs and the production process of Benjarong sanitary ware in Samut Sakhon Province; 3 to develop Benjarong sanitary ware for commerce in Samut Sakhon Province. The research area for this investigation was purposively selected as Samut Sakhon Province. Data was gathered by document study, survey, participant and non-participant observation, structured and non-structured interview, focus group discussion and workshop. Results show that Benjarong sanitary products have been inherited from generation to generation in Samut Sakhon Province and continue to provide local jobs. Benjarong sanitary ware production uses a high budget because of the high price of colour inks, gold and electricity, so there are problems securing adequate funding. There are also problems with the management process and a lack of expert craftsmen to write and design modern patterns in harmony with contemporary art and Thai social identity. Moreover, many Thai people do not realize the value of cultural heritage and Benjarong inheritance is at risk. Benjarong sanitary ware can reflect local knowledge and traditional handicrafts. The researchers propose patterns for three types of Benjarong sanitary ware: washbasins, wall tiles and soap ledges. Development of these products will increase functionality and aesthetics, whilst maintaining Thai heritage.

  15. U-series concentration in surface and ground water resources of Ardabil province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadad, Kamal; Doulatdar, Reza

    2008-01-01

    Hundred and sixteen water resources including springs, wells, rivers and lakes in Ardabil province, northwest of Iran, were sampled and analyzed. The analysis included chemical analyses, (222)Rn and (226)Ra levels as well as total Uranium contents. (222)Rn levels were determined only for hot springs. The concentrations of Radium and Uranium in all water resources of Ardabil province were determined by the collector chamber and fluorimetric methods, respectively. The Radium and Uranium concentrations ranged from 2.0 to 300 mBq L(-1) and from 1.4 to 280 ppb, respectively. Furthermore, the annual effective dose varied between 8 and 47 microS y(-1). The reason for variations of Radium and Uranium concentration is the diverse geological structures in Ardabil province. The aim of this study was to determine the level of natural radioactivity in all water resources of the Ardabil province and whether this radiation causes any danger to health. The hot springs were found to have high level of activities and some water resources in Meshkin-Shahr city had the highest activities among other cities in Ardabil province. PMID:18310614

  16. U-series concentration in surface and ground water resources of Ardabil province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hundred and sixteen water resources including springs, wells, rivers and lakes in Ardabil province, northwest of Iran, were sampled and analyzed. The analysis included chemical analyses, 222Rn and 226Ra levels as well as total Uranium contents. 222 >Rn levels were determined only for hot springs. The concentrations of Radium and Uranium in all water resources of Ardabil province were determined by the collector chamber and fluorimetric methods, respectively. The Radium and Uranium concentrations ranged from 2.0 to 300 mBq L-1 and from 1.4 to 280 ppb, respectively. Furthermore, the annual effective dose varied between 8 and 47 ?S y-1. The reason for variations of Radium and Uranium concentration is the diverse geological structures in Ardabil province. The aim of this study was to determine the level of natural radioactivity in all water resources of the Ardabil province and whether this radiation causes any danger to health. The hot springs were found to have high level of activities and some water resources in Meshkin-Shahr city had the highest activities among other cities in Ardabil province. (authors)

  17. Emergence of rabies in the Gauteng Province, South Africa: 2010–2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claude T. Sabeta

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Canine rabies is enzootic throughout Sub-Saharan Africa, including the Republic of South Africa. Historically, in South Africa the coastal provinces of KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape were most affected. Alarmingly, outbreaks of canine rabies have been increasingly reported in the past decade from sites where it has previously been under control. From January 2010 to December 2011, 53 animal rabies cases were confirmed; these were mostly in domestic dogs from southern Johannesburg, which was previously considered to be rabies free. In addition, one case was confirmed in a 26-month old girl who had been scratched by a pet puppy during this period. The introduction of rabies into Gauteng Province was investigated through genetic analysis of rabies positive samples confirmed during the outbreak period. In addition, the nucleotide sequences of incidental cases reported in the province for the past ten years were also included in the analysis. It was found that the recent canine rabies outbreak in the Gauteng Province came from the introduction of the rabies virus from KwaZulu-Natal, with subsequent local spread in the susceptible domestic dog population of southern Johannesburg. The vulnerability of the province was also highlighted through multiple, dead-end introductions in the past ten years. This is the first report of a rabies outbreak in the greater Johannesburg area with evidence of local transmission in the domestic dog population.

  18. Emergence of rabies in the Gauteng Province, South Africa: 2010-2011

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Claude T, Sabeta; Jacqueline, Weyer; Peter, Geertsma; Debra, Mohale; Jacobeth, Miyen; Lucille H, Blumberg; Patricia A, Leman; Baby, Phahladira; Wonderful, Shumba; Johan, Walters; Janusz T, Paweska.

    Full Text Available Canine rabies is enzootic throughout Sub-Saharan Africa, including the Republic of South Africa. Historically, in South Africa the coastal provinces of KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape were most affected. Alarmingly, outbreaks of canine rabies have been increasingly reported in the past decade from si [...] tes where it has previously been under control. From January 2010 to December 2011, 53 animal rabies cases were confirmed; these were mostly in domestic dogs from southern Johannesburg, which was previously considered to be rabies free. In addition, one case was confirmed in a 26-month old girl who had been scratched by a pet puppy during this period. The introduction of rabies into Gauteng Province was investigated through genetic analysis of rabies positive samples confirmed during the outbreak period. In addition, the nucleotide sequences of incidental cases reported in the province for the past ten years were also included in the analysis. It was found that the recent canine rabies outbreak in the Gauteng Province came from the introduction of the rabies virus from KwaZulu-Natal, with subsequent local spread in the susceptible domestic dog population of southern Johannesburg. The vulnerability of the province was also highlighted through multiple, deadend introductions in the past ten years. This is the first report of a rabies outbreak in the greater Johannesburg area with evidence of local transmission in the domestic dog population.

  19. Formation conditions of the Rudny Altai metallogenic province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozlov, M. S.

    2015-07-01

    The results of previous geological, petrochemical, and metallogenic surveys conducted from the 1960s to the 1990s provide the geological and tectonic basis of this study. The unique mineral deposits of the Rudny Altai metallogenic province were formed in the Middle Paleozoic (S2-C1) at the junction between different structures of the Altai-Mongolian terrane: the Alei-Charysh-Tigirek rift (in the north) with the Korgon-Markakol' island arc and Belaya Uba-Maimyr intra-arc trough (in the southwest). The Rudny Altai structural-formational zone that formed at the junction between these structures evolved as a magmatic arc and was characterized by the formation of granite-greenschist arches, volcanoplutonic magmatism and high heat and fluid flow (greenschist-facies metamorphism of Upper Silurian-Upper Devonian rocks and deposition of pyrite-bearing hydrothermal-sedimentary horizons, VMS and copper-VMS deposits and isolated base-metal ore bodies). The tectonomagmatic history of the Rudny Altai zone can be subdivided into several stages: Ludlow-Emsian, Late Emsian-Givetian, Frasnian-Early Famennian, Middle Famennian-Early Visean, and Late Visean-Serpukhovian. The island arc is represented by volcanic rocks of the andesite-dacite-rhyolite (early stage), basalt-rhyolite (Late Emsian-Eifelian), and basalt-andesite-rhyolite series (Late Visean). Volcanosedimentary strata (until the Givetian age) and turbidites up to 3-5 km thick were deposited in the interarc trough. Because of their metastable behavior, the volcanic rocks became actively involved in ion-exchange reactions with the formational waters, whereas the differences in hydraulic head between arches and troughs created favorable conditions for the transport of the metamorphic fluids, and the thermal gradient promoted thermodiffusion of divalent species of Mg, Pb, Zn, Cu, etc. toward the high-temperature zone and development of the high-Mg metamorphic-metasomatic alteration with a VMS-base-metal mineralization. As a result, ore deposits of different structural and genetic types were formed. Temperatures of ore formation (200-400°C) were controlled by thermal effect of pyrite dissolution and replacement reactions. The ore composition and regional metallogenic zoning were defined based on their position with respect to interarc and interarch troughs and the chemistry of the metal-extraction environment.

  20. Chemical zoning of muscovite megacrystal from the Brazilian Pegmatite Province

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rúbia R., Viana; Hanna J., Evangelista; Willem B., Stern.

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Um grande cristal de muscovita, macroscopicamente homogêneo, procedente do Pegmatito Cruzeiro, localizado na Província Pegmatítica Oriental, em Minas Gerais, exibe padrão de distribuição complexa para alguns elementos traços. Em estudos geocronológicos e petrológicos, como, por exemplo, na separação [...] entre micas magmáticas e pós-magmáticas, a causa de zoneamento deve ser levada em consideração. O complexo zoneamento químico no cristal de mica estudado é melhor explicado pelo crescimento em um magma evoluído, seguido pela alteração, proveniente da percolação de fluidos hidrotermais. O enriquecimento de Rb nas bordas é interpretado como resultado da evolução química do magma residual durante o crescimento do cristal. A diminuição em (IV Al+VI Al), bem como o aumento de (Fe+Mg) e Si ao longo da fratura é explicado pela substituição hidrotermal celadonítica da muscovita. A alteração hidrotermal causou, também, a diminuição nos conteúdos de Rb, Ga, Y, Nb, Sn e Zn ao longo desta fratura, além da concentração residual de Ti. Elementos tais como, Ga, Y, Nb, Sn, e Zn, pouco considerados em discussão de diferenciação ou processos de alteração, mostraram significância tanto quanto os elementos alcalinos. Abstract in english Macroscopically homogenous muscovite plate from the Cruzeiro pegmatite, located in the Eastern Pegmatite Province in Minas Gerais, may show complex distribution patterns of some trace elements. In geochronological and petrological studies, as for example in the distinction of magmatic and post-magma [...] tic mica, the cause of zoning could be taken into consideration. The complex chemical zoning in the studied mica plate can be best explained by growth in an evolving magma followed by alteration due to percolation of hydrothermal fluids. Enrichment of Rb towards the border is interpreted as resulting from the chemical evolution of the residual magma during crystal growth. The depletion in (IV Al+VI Al) as well as the increase in (Fe+Mg) and Si along a fracture could be due to the hydrothermal celadonitic substitution of muscovite. This alteration also caused depletion in the contents of Rb, Ga, Y, Nb, Sn, and Zn and residual concentration of Ti. Elements such as Ga, Y, Nb, Sn, and Zn, rarely considered in the discussion of differentiation or alteration processes in micas, have been shown to be as significant as the alkali-elements.

  1. Chemical zoning of muscovite megacrystal from the Brazilian Pegmatite Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rúbia R. Viana

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Macroscopically homogenous muscovite plate from the Cruzeiro pegmatite, located in the Eastern Pegmatite Province in Minas Gerais, may show complex distribution patterns of some trace elements. In geochronological and petrological studies, as for example in the distinction of magmatic and post-magmatic mica, the cause of zoning could be taken into consideration. The complex chemical zoning in the studied mica plate can be best explained by growth in an evolving magma followed by alteration due to percolation of hydrothermal fluids. Enrichment of Rb towards the border is interpreted as resulting from the chemical evolution of the residual magma during crystal growth. The depletion in (IV Al+VI Al as well as the increase in (Fe+Mg and Si along a fracture could be due to the hydrothermal celadonitic substitution of muscovite. This alteration also caused depletion in the contents of Rb, Ga, Y, Nb, Sn, and Zn and residual concentration of Ti. Elements such as Ga, Y, Nb, Sn, and Zn, rarely considered in the discussion of differentiation or alteration processes in micas, have been shown to be as significant as the alkali-elements.Um grande cristal de muscovita, macroscopicamente homogêneo, procedente do Pegmatito Cruzeiro, localizado na Província Pegmatítica Oriental, em Minas Gerais, exibe padrão de distribuição complexa para alguns elementos traços. Em estudos geocronológicos e petrológicos, como, por exemplo, na separação entre micas magmáticas e pós-magmáticas, a causa de zoneamento deve ser levada em consideração. O complexo zoneamento químico no cristal de mica estudado é melhor explicado pelo crescimento em um magma evoluído, seguido pela alteração, proveniente da percolação de fluidos hidrotermais. O enriquecimento de Rb nas bordas é interpretado como resultado da evolução química do magma residual durante o crescimento do cristal. A diminuição em (IV Al+VI Al, bem como o aumento de (Fe+Mg e Si ao longo da fratura é explicado pela substituição hidrotermal celadonítica da muscovita. A alteração hidrotermal causou, também, a diminuição nos conteúdos de Rb, Ga, Y, Nb, Sn e Zn ao longo desta fratura, além da concentração residual de Ti. Elementos tais como, Ga, Y, Nb, Sn, e Zn, pouco considerados em discussão de diferenciação ou processos de alteração, mostraram significância tanto quanto os elementos alcalinos.

  2. IMPACT OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT ON YOUTH EMPLOYMENT IN ZIMBABWE: THE CASE OF MASVINGO PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clainos Chidoko

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Zimbabwe is basically endowed in agricultural resources. As a result agricultural activities have a large bearing on developmental issues in the country. Employment is one such economic issue that hinges much on agricultural development. Over the past decade employment levels have reduced as a result of low investment in the country. Masvingo Province has not been spared. This scenario has seen many youths being out of employment as the sector employed less labour. The study found out that economic woes that Zimbabwe experienced over the past half decade have contributed significantly to youth unemployment in agriculture in Masvingo Province as a result of low investment in the sector. The study recommends that heavy investment be put in agriculture and agriculture related projects to enhance employment levels of the Zimbabwean youths in Masvingo province.

  3. Analysis of the Spatiotemporal Characteristics of Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome in Hubei Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, H.; Ge, L.; Song, L.; Zhao, Q.

    2015-07-01

    Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome(HFRS) is a worldwide fulminant infectious disease. Since the first HFRS cases in Hubei Province were reported in 1957, the disease has spread across the province and Hubei has become one of seriously affected areas in China. However, the epidemic characteristics of HFRS are still not entirely clear. Therefore, a systematic investigation of spatial and temporal distribution pattern of HFRS system is needed. In order to facilitate better prevention and control of HFRS in Hubei Province, in this paper, a GIS spatiotemporal analysis and modeling tool was developed to analyze the spatiotemporal dynamics of the HFRS epidemic, as well as providinga comprehensive examination the dynamic pattern of HFRS in Hubei over the past 30 years (1980-2009), to determine spatiotemporal change trends and the causes of HFRS. This paper describes the experiments and their results.

  4. Predicting the risk of arsenic contaminated groundwater in Shanxi Province, Northern China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Qiang; Rodríguez-Lado, Luis; Johnson, C Annette; Xue, Hanbin; Shi, Jianbo; Zheng, Quanmei; Sun, Guifan

    2012-06-01

    Shanxi Province is one of the regions in northern China where endemic arsenicosis occurs. In this study, stepwise logistic regression was applied to analyze the statistical relationships of a dataset of arsenic (As) concentrations in groundwaters with some environmental explanatory parameters. Finally, a 2D spatial model showing the potential As-affected areas in this province was created. We identified topography, gravity, hydrologic parameters and remote sensing information as explanatory variables with high potential to predict high As risk areas. The model identifies correctly the already known endemic areas of arsenism. We estimate that the area at risk exceeding 10 ?g L(-1) As occupies approximately 8,100 km(2) in 30 counties in the province. PMID:22445919

  5. Micromammals in the Northern Cape Province of South Africa, past and present

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    D. Margaret, Avery; Graham, Avery.

    Full Text Available This paper provides a basis for conservation work by detailing the micromammalian taxa occurring in the Northern Cape Province. It presents new evidence from 30 barn owl pellet collections, augmented by previously published material from trapping or observation (here called 'conventional' reports) a [...] nd owl roosts, divided into pre-1930, 1930-1979 and 1980 and newer as an indication of continuity of occurrence. A historical perspective is added by the inclusion of material from two archaeological sites dating to the Pleistocene (before about 10 000 years ago) and || from the Holocene (after about 10 000 years ago). Northern Cape Province synonymies are provided as an aid to equating older records with modern taxonomy. In all, 77 currently recognized micromammalian species have been recorded from the province. These comprise five Afrosoricida (golden moles), six Macroscelidea (elephant shrews), eight Soricomorpha (forest shrews), 16 Chiroptera (bats), and 42 Rodentia (rodents).

  6. The Creations and Research in the Regional Landscape Spirit of Heilongjiang Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuehui DU

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Heilongjiang Province is located in the northeastern border part of People's Republic of China. Compared with those coastal provinces, the inner land provinces are less developed economically or culturally. However, the discovery of Hongshan civilization, the brilliant civilization of Bohai Kingdom which was affiliated to the Tang Dynasty (618AD~907AD, the nomadic and agro-culture of the ethnic groups of Jurchens minority(the ancestry of Manchu minority, Manchu minority and Mongolian minority, and the Russian culture deposit, all of these above shows that Heilongjiang is not barren in cultural deposit at all. Instead, it still, to some extent, holds its “used-to-be” splendor. The seasonal changes there are distinct, which nurtured a piece of richly-endowed land that in return nourishes its unique natural characteristics and excellent people. All of these present a subject for the research in Chinese landscape painting.
    Key words: Heilongjiang; Landscape spirit; Regional

  7. Assessment of Straw Biomass Availability for Bioenergy Production in Heilongjiang Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinzhuo Wu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Since large-scale straw biomass-based biopower facilities have not started in China, scientific calculation methods for the total quantity of straw resources and the available quantity of resource are very limited. It is essential to explore a rational measurement and calculation method for stalk and straw resources. In this study, the available quantity of crop resources suitable for biomass power generation in Heilongjiang province was analyzed and the composition, regional distribution and straw-to-grain ratio of stalk and straw resources in this province were discussed. The abundant biomass resources in Heilongjiang Province offer great opportunities to develop sustainable and competitive bioenergy industry. The results will provide scientific data for large-scale development of bioenergy in the future.

  8. The contribution of renewable energy resources on the electrification and development at the Guantanamo Province

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perez, S.; Angel, J. [CUBASOLAR, Guantanamo (Cuba); Moreno Figueredo, C. [Centro de Estudio de Tecnologias Energeticas Renovables (Cuba); Montesinos Larrosa, A. [Sociedad Cubana para la Promocion de las Energias Renovables (Cuba)

    2008-07-01

    Cuba's Guantanamo province is a leader in the application of renewable energy technologies. This paper discussed the socio-economic impact of renewable energy projects that are underway in the Guantanamo province to improve the standard of living in rural areas. More than 400 rural schools and 70 rural medical offices get their electricity from photovoltaic systems. Hydropower provides the energy needs to 3000 rural houses with 11,000 inhabitants. Other applications include remote community solar systems, improved woodstoves for community kitchens, solar cookers and solar dryers. This paper demonstrated how the high penetration of these renewable energy technologies has contributed to the sustainable development of the province. The lessons learned in energy management by the local governments and research institutions were also outlined. 1 tab.

  9. When biogeographical provinces collide: Hybridization of reef fishes at the crossroads of marine biogeographical provinces in the Arabian Sea

    KAUST Repository

    DiBattista, Joseph

    2015-04-01

    Aim: Suture zones are areas where closely related species from different biogeographical regions come into contact and interbreed. This concept originated from the study of terrestrial ecosystems but it remains unclear whether a similar phenomenon occurs in the marine environment. Here we investigate a potential suture zone from a previously unknown hybrid hotspot at the Socotra Archipelago (Yemen), located in the Arabian Sea, where fauna from the Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, western Indian Ocean and greater Indo-Polynesian Province intersect. Location: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean. Methods: Putative hybrid reef fish were identified based on intermediate coloration and morphology. Underwater observations and collections were conducted to determine: (1) whether parent species form heterospecific social groups or breeding pairs; (2) the sex and reproductive status of morphologically intermediate individuals; and (3) whether parent species were forming mixed species associations owing to a dearth of conspecific partners. To support hybrid status, morphologically intermediate and parental individuals were genotyped using mitochondrial DNA cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI), nuclear recombination-activating gene 2 (RAG2) and the nuclear TMO-4C4 (TMO) gene. Results: We observed putative hybrids involving 14 species from four reef fish families at Socotra. Most cases involved a parental species with a restricted distribution (e.g. Red Sea or Arabian Sea) and a broadly distributed Indo-Pacific species. In most cases, at least one of the parent species was rare at Socotra. Hybrid gene flow was largely unidirectional, and although introgression was rare, we found evidence that some butterflyfish and surgeonfish hybrids were fertile and formed breeding groups with parental species. Main conclusions: The rate of hybrid discovery at Socotra is much greater than that recorded elsewhere in the marine environment and involved both allopatric and sympatric species. This study highlights the importance of biogeographical location, reef habitat, environmental conditions and abundance disparities at Socotra in potentially facilitating hybridization among reef fishes at the edge of their distribution. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  10. A ten years (2000–2009 surveillance of resistant Enterobacteriaceae in Zhejiang Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rong Zhang

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: In Zhejiang Province, there are several highly developed cities near the coast and several relatively under-developed mountain areas. Analysis of the composition of bacteria isolated from patients as well as their antibiotic resistance profile from various areas of this province, and tracing of such data year-by-year, will help to delineate the bacterial resistance profile of these areas and to understand how the stage of socio-economical development impacts on the composition of clinical micro-flora and their resistance profile. Methods: In order to investigate variation in resistance rates and isolation rates of Enterobacteriaceae, from 2000 to 2009 in Zhejiang Province, China, Enterobacteriaceae isolated from 15 hospitals located in different regions of the province were surveyed. Results: The total numbers of the Enterobacteriaceae isolated increased more than 20-fold from 2000 to 2009. Among the Enterobacteriaceae, Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae were the dominant isolates. The percentage of E. coli and K. pneumoniae that produced detectable extended-spectrum ?-lactamases (ESBLs increased from 2000 to 2007, and then declined slightly in 2008 and 2009. The percentages of K. pneumoniae and E. coli that were resistant to ceftazidime increased sharply from 2000 to 2009. There were remarkable increases in the carbapenem resistant rates during the decade, but they were much higher for the isolates from the developed cities than from the rural areas. In 2002, carbapenem-resistant E. coli was first found in Hangzhou, one of the highly developed cities in Zhejiang Province. By 2009, carbapenem-resistant bacteria were found for all species of Enterobacteriaceae surveyed in almost all areas of the province, although they were more frequently identified in developed areas than in rural areas. Conclusion: Much restrictive actions have to be taken in terms of rational use of antibiotics and nosocomial control to prevent the further spread of the drug-resistant pathogens.

  11. Deep seismic refraction experiment in northeast Brazil: New constraints for Borborema province evolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima, Marcus Vinicius A. G. de; Berrocal, Jesus; Soares, José E. P.; Fuck, Reinhardt A.

    2015-03-01

    The Borborema Province of northeastern Brazil is a major Proterozoic crustal province that, until now, has never been explored using deep crustal seismic methods. Here are reported the first results obtained from a high-quality seismic refraction/wide-angle reflection profile that has defined the internal seismic velocity structure and thickness of the crust in this region. Almost 400 recording stations were deployed in the Deep Seismic Refraction (DSR) experiment through an NW-SE ca. 900 km linear array and 19 shots were exploded at every 50 km along the line. Data from the 10 southeastern most shots of the seismic profile were processed in this work. The main features and geological structures crossed by the studied portion of the profile belong to the so-called Central Sub-province of the Borborema tectonic province. The crustal model obtained is compatible with a typical structure of extended crust. The model was essentially divided into three layers: upper crust, lower crust, and a half-space represented by the shallower portion of the mantle. The Moho is an irregular interface with depth ranging between 31.7 and 34.5 km, and beneath the Central Sub-province it varies from 31.5 to 33 km depth, where its limits are related to major crustal discontinuities. The distribution of velocities within the crust is heterogeneous, varying vertically from 5.7 to 6.3 km/s in the upper crust and from 6.45 to 6.9 km/s in the lower crust. From the average crustal velocity distribution it is evident that the Central Sub-province has seismic characteristics different from neighboring domains. The crust is relatively thin and crustal thickness variations in the profile are subtle due to stretching that occurred in the Cretaceous, during the fragmentation of Pangaea, opening of the South Atlantic Ocean and separation of South America from Africa.

  12. Province-based self-remediation efficiency of the Tha Chin river basin, Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thaipichitburapa, P; Meksumpun, C; Meksumpun, S

    2010-01-01

    The Tha Chin River Basin located in the great central basin of Thailand is used for water supply, aquaculture, transportation, and recreation as well as a sink for wastewater discharges. Because of gradual deterioration of water quality and fishery resources, this study aimed to explain recent status of the river self-remediation efficiency that was influenced by nutrient inputs and outputs from the river system. Field surveys were carried out during May 2007 (early rainy season) and October 2007 (late rainy season) within the Tha Chin River located in 4 provinces; Chainat, Suphan Buri, Nakhon Pathom, and Samut Sakhon. The nutrient budgets in each province section were analyzed. Results indicated that the river was in eutrophic condition all year round. High nitrogen and phosphorus loads from surrounding agricultural land use, agro-industry, and community continuously flew into the river system. Those nutrient concentrations were higher in the early rainy season than the late rainy season. The lowest river zone (in Samut Sakhon province) indicated highest dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) and orthophosphate phosphorus (P) discharges of 145.54 and 36.14 tons/day, respectively. The highest remediation efficiency of the river (ca 60% of the total input) was found in the uppermost area of Suphan Buri province. The lowest remediation efficiency (ca 12%) was found in Samut Sakhon province. From the overall view, long term monitoring of river and estuarine DIN and P should be conducted. To make better condition of aquatic environment and fishery resource in each province-based section, the controls of DIN and P remediation efficiencies (e.g. by effective management of flow speed) at 20 and 50%, respectively, were recommended. PMID:20706006

  13. Quantification and use of forest biomass residues in Maputo province, Mozambique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vasco, H.; Costa, M. [Mechanical Engineering Department, Institute Superior Tecnico, Technical University of Lisbon, Avenida Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisbon (Portugal)

    2009-09-15

    This article describes a study on the quantification and use of forest biomass residues in Maputo province, in Mozambique. The study was performed based on information from the thematic cartography of soils of Maputo province, provided by the National Direction of Forest and Land of Mozambique, and data for the forest growth rates available in the literature. It was estimated that the total production of forest biomass residues in Maputo province is 1,233,412 ton/year, with a corresponding energy potential of 17,267,771 GJ/year. As a way of making the forest biomass residues profitable, the present work proposes the use of part of the residues as fuel in new power plants to be build in Maputo province. In this part of the study aiming at implanting power plants in Maputo province, it was taken into account the risk of forest fires, number of existing consumers of forest residues, residues availability, protected forests, transport infrastructures and existence of national electric network. It was found that the districts of Magude and Moamba are those that have the best conditions to receive the new biomass power plants. Factors such as the cost of the technology and the degree of pre-treatment of the forest residues have been taken into consideration in choosing the combustion technology for the proposed power plants. In this context, the grate burning technology appears to be the most advantageous from costs/benefits viewpoint. The proposed power plants can produce about 236,520 MWh, which is equivalent to 32% of the energy consumed in Maputo province in 2004. (author)

  14. Spatiotemporal analysis of indigenous and imported dengue fever cases in Guangdong province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Zhongjie

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dengue fever has been a major public health concern in China since it re-emerged in Guangdong province in 1978. This study aimed to explore spatiotemporal characteristics of dengue fever cases for both indigenous and imported cases during recent years in Guangdong province, so as to identify high-risk areas of the province and thereby help plan resource allocation for dengue interventions. Methods Notifiable cases of dengue fever were collected from all 123 counties of Guangdong province from 2005 to 2010. Descriptive temporal and spatial analysis were conducted, including plotting of seasonal distribution of cases, and creating choropleth maps of cumulative incidence by county. The space-time scan statistic was used to determine space-time clusters of dengue fever cases at the county level, and a geographical information system was used to visualize the location of the clusters. Analysis were stratified by imported and indigenous origin. Results 1658 dengue fever cases were recorded in Guangdong province during the study period, including 94 imported cases and 1564 indigenous cases. Both imported and indigenous cases occurred more frequently in autumn. The areas affected by the indigenous and imported cases presented a geographically expanding trend over the study period. The results showed that the most likely cluster of imported cases (relative risk?=?7.52, p? Conclusions This study demonstrated that the geographic range of imported and indigenous dengue fever cases has expanded over recent years, and cases were significantly clustered in two heavily urbanised areas of Guangdong province. This provides the foundation for further investigation of risk factors and interventions in these high-risk areas.

  15. Research on New Energy Industry Development in Shandong Province with Financial Support

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Yu-han

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Shangdong Province is a major energy exporter as well as a green city of economic development. However, amid the rapid development of economy, Shandong province has witnessed the development of some non-economic and green industries, therefore, to fulfill the government’s obligation and to make the industry planning better and to create green environmental industry, it is necessary to study the development function of new energy industry in Shandong under the support of government finance. Energy plays an important role in developing economy and sustaining human life, without which human cannot survive. Nowadays, due to the mass consumptions of energy on earth by humankind, it is urgent for humankind to seek new alternative energy sources and develop environmental protection industry. As one of the key industries supported by the state in recent years, new energy industry, including industries supported by hydropower, wind power, tidal energy and luminous energy, is under rapid development and has become the main driving force to change the enterprise structure and promote the development in Shandong Province. Based on the data of energy developmental level within 20 years from 1993 to 2012 in Shandong Province, this thesis is to build a financial support model suitable for new energy development in Shandong Province by using the basic principle of factor analysis. After unit root test, co-integration test and causality test on the data and analysis, a conclusion that the measurement index between financial efficiency, scale and results are indeed co-integrate and moreover, it gives a major push to the development of new energy industry. Therefore, the major drivers of the development of new energy in China with the financial support can be summarized. This research can provide theoretical basis for the structure of new energy industry in Shandong Province.

  16. Technical documentation for the nonresidential-buildings energy-consumption survey, 1979 - 1980, building characteristics, energy end use and fuel oil tank data, public use data tapes: Users' guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-02-01

    Basic information and technical specifications necessary for using machine readable magnetic tapes containing the building characteristics, energy end use and fuel oil tank data Nonresidential Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (NBECS) are provided. Included in this document are a brief overview of the NBECS, technical specifications for reading the tapes and descriptions of the contents of each of the files contained on the tape. The remaining sections are devoted to technical topics of special interest to users of the data. Appended to this document are copies of the questionnaire used in the survey, a listing of the contents of the SPSS labels file, COBOL file description and TPL codebook.

  17. [Monitoring the Microtus fuscus plague epidemic in Sichuan province during 2000 - 2008.

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Li-Mao; Song, Xiao-Yu; Zhu, Xiao-Ping; Xie, Fei; Li, Guang-Qing; Luo, Zhi-Danba; Duan, Yong-Jun; Qi, Teng; Li, Fan; Wu, Chao-Xue

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemic tendency of Microtus fuscus plague during 2000 - 2008 in Sichuan province. METHODS: To investigate the plague each year according to "overall Plan of the Plague in the Whole Nation" and "Surveillance Program of Sichuan Province Plague". RESULTS: There were plague epidemic from 2000 to 2008, with the average density as 312.41/ha. 42.57% of the Microtus fuscus were infected by body Fleas. The Fleas Index was 0.88 and the Index for nest Fleas of Microtus fuscus wa...

  18. The Economics of Smallholder Dairy Goat Production in Mafefe Community of Limpopo Province, South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    M.V. Mosoma; A. Belete; G.M. Senyolo; M.B. Masuku

    2012-01-01

    This study presents cost-return analysis of the leasing system of smallholder dairy goat production in the Mafefe area of Limpopo Province in South Africa. The study was carried out to analyze the economic viability and sustainability of leasing system to the development of dairy goat’s keepers in Mafefe ward of Limpopo Province. The study used the NPV and BCR analysis to assess the economic impact of the proposed technology. The primary data used for the analysis were obtained during a 2007 ...

  19. E-commerce Promote the Development of Low-carbon Economy in Jilin Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yinghua Yu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available As an important part of the Northeast old industrial base, Jilin province has relatively complete industrial categories, So, studying its low-carbon economy development has typical significance. The study analyzes the favorable conditions of low-carbon economy development based on the perspective of energy, describes the economic benefits from low-carbon development which uses e-commerce by the pillar industry of Changchun FAW, Jilin petrochemical, agricultural production, etc. and the major initiatives of low-carbon development in advocated by province government, These all escort for Jilin’s development of low-carbon economy.

  20. Mammalia, Didelphimorphia and Rodentia, Southwest of the province of Mendoza, Argentina.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sauthier, D. U.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available We documented terrestrial micromammal assemblages at five localities of southwestern Mendoza province,Argentina. We added new localities for several of the most uncommon small mammal species of this region (e.g.Loxodontomys micropus and Tympanoctomys barrerae. Two main groups of terrestrial non-volant micromammals arerepresented in southwestern province of Mendoza: one group is related to the South American arid diagonal, andincludes species typically adapted to the xeric environments of the Monte Desert; a second group includes Patagonianand High Andean species. Some Patagonian species reached in the study area their northernmost distributional records(e.g. Abrothrix longipilis, A. olivaceus, Chelemys macronyx, Loxodontomys micropus.

  1. Empirical Analysis of Rural Citizens’ Political Participation in the Underdeveloped Regions of Chinese Eastern Provinces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhenjun Mao

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The rural citizens’ political participation case of Xiaohe Village in Dezhou City of Shangdong Province indicates that in the underdeveloped rural regions of Chinese eastern provinces, rural citizens’ political participation has the characters such as the participation enthusiasm and organization degree are lower, the political participation degree and level are lower, and the probability of the non-systemization of political participation still exists. Only to enhance the rural citizens’ income, establish and perfect various political mechanisms, strengthen rural citizens’ comprehensive quality, reform and extend various political participation channels to satisfy rural citizens’ practical demands, the ordered development of rural citizens’ political participation could be drove powerfully.

  2. PRELIMINARY GEOID MODEL IN SAN JUAN PROVINCE: A CASE STUDY IN THE ANDES

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tocho, Claudia; Miranda, Silvia

    2008-01-01

    A high-resolution and high-precision detailed gravimetric geoid has been computed for San Juan province in Argentina, ranging from 27 degrees S to 34 degrees S in latitude and 72 degrees W to 65 degrees W in longitude. The gravimetric geoid was calculated using the RTM method, a multiband spherical Stokes Fast Fourier Transformation, and the removerestore technique for the spherical harmonic reference field and the terrain. As an external evaluation, the gravimetric quasigeoid/geoid was compared to the geoid heights obtained from 90 GPS/levelling points available for the province. Finally, a GPS-tailored local geoid, which fits the GPS observations, was computed.

  3. GEOPHYTES OF SULDUZ REGION, WEST AZERBAYJAN PROVINCE, IRAN AND THEIR CHARACTERISTICS

    OpenAIRE

    Amir Rahimi; Ne?et Arslan; Mehrab Aghaalinejad

    2012-01-01

    Iran is very rich in terms of plant diversity. Sulduz region (36:57º E, 45:22 ºN), West Azerbaijan Province, Iran; occupies an area of over 1050 km², which is more than 2.5 percent of the total area of West Azerbaijan province. The altitude of region is between 1000–2100 m. The systematic study of flora especially in virgin regions has its own special challenges and excitement. Commercial collection and trade represents principle threat to individual species. The present research is concerned...

  4. Integrating decision support tools and environmental information systems: a case study on the Province of Milan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper demonstrates an application of advanced decision support tools within the framework of the environmental information system of the Province of Milan. These tools include environmental simulation models, multi criteria analysis, risk analysis and environmental accounting for marketable emission permits. After describing the general structure of the system, three demonstrational case studies are introduced concerning: groundwater pollution management; atmospheric pollution management; urban environmental quality perception and management. In the conclusion, potential use of tools like the ones implemented by the province of Milan within the framework of Local Agenda 21 processes is recalled

  5. Comparative analysis of physical recreation of Chinese youth as a means of Anhui Province sports tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng Shouling

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to analyze the recreational facilities of Anhui Province, contributing to the development of the sports tourism in China. Material and Methods: analysis and generalization of literature and electronic sources, official web-sites, survey. Results: revealed the interest of young people to cultural and leisure activities in Anhui Province and the increase in the number of tourists at different ages. Development of sports tourism indicates an increase in mass and popularity among the population. Conclusions: addressing public interest in the development of sports tourism in China leads to the enhancement of the role of cultural holiday in physical development and rehabilitation of youth.

  6. Phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) of the province of Chaco, Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Juan R, Rosa; Oscar D, Salomon; José D, Andrade Filho; Gustavo M L, Carvalho; Enrique A, Szelag; Marina, Stein; Eliana S, Tapia; Reginaldo P, Brazil.

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The phlebotomine sandflies of the province of Chaco, Argentina, are poorly known, with reports from more than 40 years or captures related with outbreaks of leishmaniasis. In here, Mycropygomyia peresi (Mangabeira) is reported for the first time in Argentina, extending the known dstribution of Migon [...] emyia migonei (França), Evandromyia sallesi (Galvão & Coutinho), Mycropygomyia quinquefer (Dyar), Brumptomyia brumpti (Larousse) y Nemapalpus spp to the province of Chaco. Mg. migonei, together with Nyssomyia neivai (Pinto), Evandromyia cortelezzii (Brèthes), and Psathyromyia shannoni (Dyar) also captured in Chaco, were incriminated as vectors of Leishmania in Argentina.

  7. Infant mortality rate in Al-Ramadi province from 2000 through 2010, retrospective study

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammed M. Hantush; Hammodi F. Aljumaily; Muhammed M. Al-Ani

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: To determine the IMR in Al-Ramadi province, the center of Al-Anbar Governorate, Western Iraq, from 2000-2010 with rate comparison of the three different stages of that period. Methods: Data collected from the birth and death certificate center in Al-Ramadi province, Western Iraq, included; name, age, sex, residence, date of birth and death, in three different stages (the first stage 2000-2002, the second stage 2003-2007, and the third stage 2008-2010) in a study period from July ...

  8. Assessment of Undiscovered Petroleum Resources of the Laptev Sea Shelf Province, Russian Federation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klett, Timothy R.

    2007-01-01

    The Laptev Sea Shelf Province was assessed for undiscovered crude oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids/condensates resources (collectively referred to as petroleum) as part of the U.S. Geological Survey's Circum-Arctic Oil and Gas Resource Appraisal. Using a geology-based methodology, the USGS estimates the mean undiscovered, conventional petroleum resources in the province to be approximately 9,300 million barrels of oil equivalent, including approximately 3,069 million barrels of crude oil, 32,252 billion cubic feet of natural gas, and 861 million barrels of natural gas liquids.

  9. Analysis of Regional Economic Disparities in Guizhou Province Based on ESDA-GIS

    OpenAIRE

    Haili Wang3,; Tianfeng Yuan; Xiaodong Hu; Xiaobin Qu

    2014-01-01

    Take the county as the research scale and the per capita GDP as the measure index as well to reveal the difference of Guizhou Province’s regional economy which based on ESDA and GeoDA-GIS. It shows that the level of economic develop of Guizhou’s central area is high and surrounded area is low. The difference between North and south is greater than the difference between East and West. There is a clear spatial correlation among them. Moran scatter diagram shows that the majority of counties ar...

  10. THE SURVEY OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CREATIVITY OF STAFFS AND ORGANIZATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS (Case study of: The East Azarbaijan province and Ardebil Province Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tavakkol Salimi Maghvan

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this research was to investigate the relationship between employee creativity and organizational effectiveness in educational organizations of East Azerbaijan and Ardabil provinces. This investigation was an applied research using a descriptive methodology with correlation tests. The statistical population for this research included all employees of East Azerbaijan and Ardabil provinces in 2010, comprising 45 and 19 departments, respectively, or a total of 64 departments. Using Morgan table for estimation of sample size, and according to random sampling method, 56 departments (29 and 17 departments, respectively with 297 employees (179 and 118 employees, respectively were selected, and were tested using simple random technique. Data collection was performed using two questionnaires, for which validity and reliability testing had been performed previously. The creativity questionnaire was filled by organizational employees, while the organizational effectiveness questionnaire was filled by executives of educational departments. In this research, according to the objectives of the research, descriptive statistics was used for creation of frequency tables and charts and computation of suitable central indices, while the study hypothesis was tested using Pearson’s correlation test. The results of this investigation showed that there is a statistically significant relationship between employee creativity and organizational effectiveness in educational departments of East Azerbaijan and Ardabil provinces (p < 0.05.

  11. What is driving CO2 emissions in a typical manufacturing center of South China? The case of Jiangsu Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Investigating CO2 emissions of China's manufacturing centers contributes to local and global CO2 mitigation targets. This study considers Jiangsu Province as a representation of manufacturing centers in South China. Effects of material efficiency improvements, technology development, consumption structure changes and consumption volume growth in Jiangsu Province on its CO2 emissions during 1997-2007 are investigated using structural decomposition analysis based on environmental input-output table. In order to reduce CO2 emissions, Jiangsu Province should not only rely on material efficiency improvements and technology development, but also rely on consumption structure changes. For consumption structure changes in detail, Jiangsu Province should not only focus on fixed capital formation and urban residential consumption, but also focus on international and intranational imports and exports. For the implementation of material efficiency improvements and technology development, Jiangsu Province should focus on technology innovation and international technology transfer. For the implementation of consumption structure changes, Jiangsu Province should mainly focus on identified sectors for each separate final demand category: five sectors for urban residential consumption, three sectors for fixed capital formation, four sectors for international exports, five sectors for intranational exports, three sectors for international imports and four sectors for intranational imports. - Highlights: ? Effects of four factors on Jiangsu Province's CO2 emission changes are analyzed. ? Key factors are identified for Jiangsu Province to achieve CO2 mitigation targets. ? Key areas for consumption structure changes are analyzed. ? Technology innovation and technology transfer should be concerned. ? Identified sectors for each final demand category should be concerned.

  12. An Analysis of the Relationship between the Finance and the Economic Growth of Counties in China's Shandong Province

    OpenAIRE

    Lei Zhang

    2014-01-01

    Based on the theory of financial development and economic growth, an investigation has been conducted to reveal the contradictions and correlations between the finance and economic growth in the counties of China's Shandong Province. This paper has proposed some countermeasures through the investigation of counties of Shandong Province.

  13. Technology Efficiency Study on Nuclear Power and Coal Power in Guangdong Province Based on DEA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guangdong Province has taken the lead in embarking on nuclear power development to resolve its dire lack of primary resources. With the deepening of the on-going structural reform in the electric power sector in China, the market competition scheme is putting electricity generation enterprises under severe strain. Consequently, it is incumbent upon the nuclear power producers to steadily upgrade management, enhance technical capabilities, reduce cost and improve efficiency. At present, gradual application of such efficiency evaluation methodology has already commenced in some sectors in China including the electric power industry. The purpose of this paper is to use the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), which is a cutting-edge approach in the efficiency evaluation field - to study the technological efficiency between nuclear power and coal power in Guangdong Province. The DEA results demonstrate that, as far as Guangdong Province is concerned, the technological efficiency of nuclear power is higher than that of coal power in terms of Technological Efficiency (TE), Pure Technology Efficiency (PTE) and Scale Efficiency (SE). The reason is that nuclear power technology is advanced with a much higher equipment availability factor. Under the same scale, the generation output of nuclear power is far higher than that of equivalent coal power generation. With the environmental protection and sustainable development requirements taken into full account, nuclear power constitutes a clean, safe and highly-efficient energy form which should be extensively harnessed in Guangdong Province to fuel its future continuing economic growth. (authors)

  14. Factors Associated with Bullying Behavior in Islamic Private Schools, Pattani Province, Southern Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Kasetchai Laeheem

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to investigate the associations between students’ bullying behaviors in Islamic private schools, Pattani province and classroom management factors (democracy, authoritarian, and permissive classroom management), family upbringing factors (strict, permissive, and democracy upbringing), environment violence factors (influence of peers violence, community violence, and parents violence), and to identify risk factors for bullying behaviors. A cross-sectional surve...

  15. Some comments of the parlamentary actions about the province of Cordoba's nuclear policy law

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, the actual status of the Cordoba Province's Nuclear Policy Law in Argentine Republic is presented. The different actions made in the parlamentary treatment of the law are described in detail, with mention of the more important subjects from each political force. The contents of the law are described in detail with special emphasis on the historical development of them. (Author)

  16. 75 FR 36347 - Determination of Pest-Free Areas in Mendoza Province, Argentina; Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-25

    ...APHIS-2010-0032] Determination of Pest-Free Areas in Mendoza Province, Argentina...Argentina to recognize additional areas as pest- free areas for Mediterranean fruit fly...criteria in our regulations for recognition as pest-free areas. We are making that...

  17. 76 FR 51934 - Determination of Pest-Free Areas in Mendoza Province, Argentina; Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-19

    ...APHIS-2010-0032] Determination of Pest-Free Areas in Mendoza Province, Argentina...Argentina to recognize additional areas as pest- free areas for South American fruit fly...criteria in our regulations for recognition as pest-free areas. We are making that...

  18. Understanding rural economy of Kirundo farmers province in north of Burundi

    OpenAIRE

    Minani, Bonaventure; Rurema, Déo-Guide; Lebailly, Philippe

    2013-01-01

    This objective of this study is to analyze the socio-economic, political and environmental various constraints of farming systems that are on the basis of poverty observed in this area in order to formulate realistic strategies for increasing the productivity and profitability of family farming in that province.

  19. Inequitable Distribution Of Specialists And Hospital Beds In West Azerbaijan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakimeh Mostafavi

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Equitable distribution of resources in health sector is one of the prerequisites of social justice in any society. The aim of this study is to determine inequality in the distribution of specialists and hospital beds in West Azerbaijan Province. Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive study. The population of the study consists of all hospital beds in the public sector and all specialists working in the health sector of West Azerbaijan Province in 2012 . The required data were collected after referring to health and treatment d eputies of Urmia University of Medical Sciences and Statistical Center of Iran . To determine inequity in the distribution of specialists and hospital beds, per capita resource indicators, the Gini coefficient, and Lorenz curve were employed. Results: Distribution of specialist physicians in the province was not equitable; the situation was the same as regards hospital beds, too. Conclusion: It seems that neither the distribution of specialist physicians nor the number of hospital beds is proportional to the population. Besides, measures such as p roviding special welfare facilities, paying higher wages, and considering the health needs of people in the province can better attract physicians and modify the existing shortcomings.

  20. Selective bibliography of surface coal mining and reclamation literature. Volume 2. Interior Coal Province

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Patricoski, M. L.; Daniels, L. K.; Sobek, A. A.

    1979-08-01

    This bibliography has been compiled for use by researchers, students, and other groups who need a reference source of published literature related to surface coal mining and reclamation in the Interior Coal Province. This bibliography contains more than 1300 references, including government reports, journal articles, symposium proceedings, industrial reports, workshop proceedings, theses, and bibliographies. A simple format was used to categorize citations.

  1. Health and Human Rights Concerns of Drug Users in Detention in Guangxi Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Cohen, J. Elizabeth; Amon, Joseph J.

    2008-01-01

    Based on their review of Chinese government legislation and policy documents, and using interviews with recently detained injection drug users and officials in Guangxi Province, Elizabeth Cohen and Joseph Amon find evidence of antinarcotics policies and practices that may compromise the health and human rights of drug users.

  2. A discussion on the sustainable development of 60Co irradiation processing in Jiangsu province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article focuses on the situation of irradiation processing in Jiangsu Province after China's entered into WTO. Irradiation processing has been developed very rapidly in recent years. The potential problems were analyzed, and some proposals related with sustainable development were raised up. (authors)

  3. Analysis of Regional Economic Disparities in Guizhou Province Based on ESDA-GIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haili Wang

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Take the county as the research scale and the per capita GDP as the measure index as well to reveal the difference of Guizhou Province’s regional economy which based on ESDA and GeoDA-GIS. It shows that the level of economic develop of Guizhou’s central area is high and surrounded area is low. The difference between North and south is greater than the difference between East and West. There is a clear spatial correlation among them. Moran scatter diagram shows that the majority of counties are located in the first and third quadrants, which accounted for 73.86% of the total number of the county. The number of “L-L” type is more than the number of “H-H” type 37 counties. Most parts of the provinces are relatively poor. Finding the “H-H” area and “L-L” area and “L-H” area and “H-L” area of economic development level of county based on the spatial correlation model. That can provide scientific basis for the future economic construction and social development of Guizhou province.

  4. Fatal motorcycle accidents in Fars Province, Iran: a com-munity-based survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heydari Seyed Taghi

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available ?Abstract?Objective: To identify the main character-istics of victims of motorcycle accidents in Fars Province, Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Fars Province which has the fourth largest population of all 31 provinces in Iran from March 2009 to June 2010. We included data from all 542 recorded cases of fatalities due to motor vehicle accidents. Data were recorded from the foren-sic medicine registry consisting of demographic and acci-dent-related information. Demographic information con-sisted of name, age, sex, status of fatal victim (motorcycle driver vs passenger and educational level. Results: Of the 2 345 autopsy records from the foren-sic medicine archives, 542 (23.1% gave the cause of death as motor vehicle accidents. Mean age of these victims was (31.4±16.5 years, and the male to female ratio was 28. Head injury was the most common cause of death in these victims, and overall they tended to have a low level of education. Motorcycle accidents frequently involved younger age groups (15-35 years, and head trauma related with non-use of a helmet was the most common cause of death. Conclusions: Head injury is frequent among victims in the province we studied. This situation may be related to the victims’ low socioeconomic status and little education regarding traffic laws leading to speeding and disregard of these laws along with their weak enforcement. Key words: Accidents, traffic; Motorcycles; Iran

  5. Study of heavy metal concentrations in wild edible mushrooms in Yunnan Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Borui; Huang, Qing; Cai, Huajie; Guo, Xiang; Wang, Tingting; Gui, Mingying

    2015-12-01

    Contamination with heavy metals in several species of edible mushrooms from the Yunnan Province in China was determined. Samples were collected from 16 locations in the Yunnan Province, and the contamination levels of Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, and Pb were analyzed. The results demonstrated that the concentrations of essential elements (Mn, Fe, Cu, and Zn) in the mushrooms were at typical levels. The concentrations of potentially toxic metals (As, Pb and Cd) were higher than the national standard values of China (1.0 mg/kg for As, 0.2 mg/kg for Cd, and 2.0 mg/kg for Pb) in most cases. Bio-concentration factors suggested that it was easier for As and Cd to be accumulated in mushrooms than Pb, and a Health Risk Index assessment also suggested that As and Cd are greater risks to health than Pb. In conclusion, heavy metal pollution in wild edible mushrooms is a serious problem in the Yunnan Province. Among the toxic metals, As and Cd in the edible mushrooms in the area are the main sources of risk, as they may cause severe health problems. The local government needs to take measures in the form of concrete policies to protect the wild edible mushroom resources in the Yunnan Province. PMID:26041195

  6. Bank’s Distribution of Sichuan Province in the Republic of China (1912-1949

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuai YANG

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available During the Republic of China, Sichuan Province was a critical period for banks to develop, not only in terms of quantity, but also in the regional distribution, fundamental change had occurred than before. This paper firstly generalized the bank’s distribution pattern, then analyzed the bank’s evolution causes and at last did a brief summary.

  7. Orbicules diversity in Oxalis species from the province of Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    OpenAIRE

    Sonia Rosenfeldt; Beatriz Gloria Galati

    2008-01-01

    Eleven Oxalis L. species from the province of Buenos Aires (Argentina) were investigated with scanning and transmission electron microscopes. We identified four different types and two subtypes of orbicules. We conclude that the close morphological similarity between these species is also reflected in their orbicules, and we suggest that the orbicules morphology may be a useful character in systematic studies.

  8. Image of Turkish Basic Schools: A Reflection from the Province of Ankara

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eres, Figen

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the organizational image of basic schools in Turkey, a rapidly developing nation that has been investing significantly in education. Participants were 730 residents of Ankara province in the Golbasi district. The participants were selected using a cluster sampling methodology. Data were collected…

  9. Mental Retardation in a Canadian Province: Report No. 6, Statistical Recording Procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Portal-Foster, C. W.

    The sixth in a series of eight reports on mental retardation in a Canadian province recorded in detail the research methodology used in acquisition of epidemiological data (incidence and disease control) and in depth knowledge of mental retardation as it occurred in the target population. In addition to attitudinal, demographic, and other…

  10. Anti-Smoking Practice in Hospitals: An Intercept Survey among Patients in Hubei Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Dunjin; Yan, Yaqiong; Yu, Huihong; Xia, Qinghua; Yang, Niannian; Zhang, Zhifeng; Zhu, Zhaoyang; Li, Fang; Gong, Jie

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This study aims to examine whether, in the opinion of patients selected in 13 hospitals of Hubei province, China, hospitals are smoke free. Patients were also asked whether their physicians had inquired about their smoking status. Design/methodology/approach: Patients were recruited through an intercept method (i.e. stopped by the…

  11. Orbicules diversity in Oxalis species from the province of Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sonia, Rosenfeldt; Beatriz Gloria, Galati.

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Eleven Oxalis L. species from the province of Buenos Aires (Argentina) were investigated with scanning and transmission electron microscopes. We identified four different types and two subtypes of orbicules. We conclude that the close morphological similarity between these species is also reflected [...] in their orbicules, and we suggest that the orbicules morphology may be a useful character in systematic studies.

  12. Examination of Students' Digital Gaming Habits at Secondary School Level in Elazig Province of Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikail, Tel

    2015-01-01

    In this study, the opinions of the secondary school students on digital games were examined. The research is a screening model research and has a descriptive feature. It was carried out with 521 secondary school students in Elazig (a province in eastern part of Turkey) [MSS1] in 2013. Almost all of the participants use computer. More than half of…

  13. Variations of annual and seasonal runoff in Guangdong Province, south China: spatiotemporal patterns and possible causes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Qiang; Xiao, Mingzhong; Singh, Vijay P.; Xu, Chong-Yu; Li, Jianfeng

    2015-06-01

    In this study, we thoroughly analyzed spatial and temporal distributions of runoff and their relation with precipitation changes based on monthly runoff dataset at 25 hydrological stations and monthly precipitation at 127 stations in Guangdong Province, south China. Trends of the runoff and precipitation are detected using Mann-Kendall trend test technique. Correlations between runoff and precipitation are tested using Spearman's and Pearson's correlation coefficients. The results indicate that: (1) annual maximum monthly runoff is mainly in decreasing tendency and significant increasing annual minimum monthly runoff is observed in the northern and eastern Guangdong Province. In addition, annual mean runoff is observed to be increasing at the stations located in the West and North Rivers and the coastal region; (2) analysis of seasonal runoff variations indicates increasing runoff in spring, autumn and winter. Wherein, significant increase of runoff is found at 8 stations and only 3 stations are dominated by decreasing runoff in winter; (3) runoff changes of the Guangdong Province are mainly the results of precipitation changes. The Guangdong Province is wetter in winter, spring and autumn. Summer is coming to be drier as reflected by decreasing runoff in the season; (4) both precipitation change and water reservoirs also play important roles in the increasing of annual minimum monthly streamflow. Seasonal shifts of runoff variations may pose new challenges for the water resources management under the influences of climate changes and intensifying human activities.

  14. Provincial nuclear regulatory authority?: The case of the province of Cordoba

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The evolution of social and political events in the province of Cordoba after the Law 8157 of 1992, that establishes the provincial nuclear policy, are analysed as well as the recent sanction and veto of the Law 8775, which creates the provincial Nuclear Regulatory Authority. The authors conclude that is necessary and convenient to enforce provincial nuclear regulations and controls

  15. Hydrogeological and geophysics study of Conaprole industrial plant Tarariras Colonia province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To application of the National Cooperative of Producers of Milk (CONAPROLE), it proceeded to a hydro geologic and geophysical studies for the industrial plant of that Cooperative, located in Tarariras city (Colonia province) where it was determined the technical feasibility of exploration and exploitation of groundwater in one or more waterdrills to be executed in the proximities of the industrial plant .

  16. Evaluation of spatial and temporal characteristics of precipitation variations in Jilin Province, Northeast China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Bo; Xiao, Changlai; Liang, Xiujuan

    2015-10-01

    Precipitation time series were analysed using the Mann-Kendall (MK) test and wavelet analysis based on the mean seasonal and annual precipitation from 29 meteorological stations in Jilin Province for the period 1958-2011. Both the temporal and spatial distribution characteristics of the seasonal and annual precipitation trends and periodicities in different regions in Jilin Province were studied for the first time in this paper. New findings from the intensive calculations and appropriate analysis of data in longer period are as follows: (i) The annual precipitation of Jilin Province has experienced four states: a decrease (1958-1980), increase (1980-1987), decrease (1987-2003) and increase (2003-2011). (ii) The annual precipitation and seasonal precipitation increased from the northwest and northeast of the study area toward the south. (iii) Almost 90 % of the stations showed negative trends in annual precipitation variations. (iv) The trends in spring and winter are mainly increasing, whereas the trends in summer and autumn are mainly decreasing. (v) Jilin Province can be divided into four parts based on the periodicities of annual precipitation sequences: 5-6, 10-20 and 25-30 years in the northwest; 4-8 and 16-25 years in the centre; 7-8 and 13-17 years in the south and 5-10 and 12-17 years in the southeast.

  17. Climatic potentialities of sugarcane (Saccharum spp. cultivation in Sancti Spíritus province.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco F. Hernández Somoza

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The sugar industry and their derived occupy an important space in the strategies of a country´s development; both require the increment in its efficiency. The main objective of the investigation was to identify from the climate perspective the potentials areas able for the cultivation of sugarcane in Sancti Spíritus province. The delimitation of these areas was generated from the information of the climate in 180 points located in the whole province; they coincide with the pluviometers that the National Institute of Hydraulic Resources (NIHR works. For the calculation of the climate in each points were used the rainfall averages of 40 years (1961-2000 and the estimated average of temperature, taking into consideration 33 years of historical data (1977-2009, With this information it was estimated the satisfaction indexes of hydraulics necessities and grades days of cultivation growing. As an output of the investigation was obtained a map of the province in which it was used the program Surfe v 8.0, with the grill method Kriging. Also a map of aptitude climatic of the sugarcane was achieved for the province, with some recommendations for the commercial cultivations and for other uses.

  18. An epidemiological survey of cataract among adults aged 50 years and above in rural, Shaanxi Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fang Tian

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To investigate prevalence of cataract and status surgery of cataract among adults aged 50 years and above in rural, Shaanxi Province, and to evaluate the rate of blindness caused by cataracts and postoperative effects.METHODS: Cluster sampling was used in randomly selection in Shaanxi Province from Jan. to Dec. in 2011, among the 3494 individuals from Liuba county, Huangling county, Lantian county and Baqiao district, 2124 aged 50 years and above received questionnaire survey and eye examination in the study. WHO diagnostic criteria and cataracts diagnostic criteria were used in the evaluation. RESULTS: Of 1912 participated the eye survey and response rate was 90%, the prevalence of cataracts was 36.66%, and the prevalence of cataracts among adults aged 50 years and above was 15.80%, the prevalence of cataracts among adults aged 70 years and above was 68.71%. The prevalence of age-related cataracts increased obviously with aging(PPCONCLUSION: Cataract blindness is a serious public health problem in rural, Shaanxi Province. Prevention of blindness in Shaanxi Province has made some achievements, and the prevalence of cataract and visual impairment have decreased to some extent. PHACO has been carried out in rural areas, however, the penetration and surgical techniques of PHACO should be further improved.

  19. View of sand dunes in the San Juan Province of Western Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-01-01

    A near vertical view of sand dunes in the San Juan Province of Western Argentina, as photographed from the Apollo spacecraft in Earth orbit during the joint U.S.-USSR Apollo Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) mission. The picture was taken at an altitude of 220 kilometers (136 statute miles). The photograph was taken at an altitude of 228 kilometers (141 statute miles).

  20. Snake bite envenomation in Riyadh province of Saudi Arabia over the period (2005-2010).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Sadoon, Mohammed K

    2015-03-01

    The present investigation is a retrospective review of snake bites in Riyadh province over the period (2005-2010). A total of 1019 cases of bites admitted to the Ministry of Health medical centers in Riyadh province were analyzed on the basis of age, sex, time of bite and its site on the body, outcome of treatment, antiserum dose and type of snake. Bites occurred throughout the six years with the highest frequency in 2005 and least in 2006 where most of the bite cases were mild and all evolved to cure except four patients who died following the administration of antivenom during 24 h after snake bite. Most of the patients were males (81.7%) and the most attacked age was within the range of 11-30 years (51.5%). All the bites were mainly in the exposed limbs and the most frequently bitten anatomical regions were the lower limbs (427 cases, 41.9%), principally the feet. The study incriminates Cerastes cerastes gasperettii in most of the bites indicating it as the snake of medical importance in Riyadh province. Also, the study indicates low degree of threat in spite of high rate of snake bites as a result of the availability of the medical facilities and the antivenin use in medical centers in Riyadh province. PMID:25737653

  1. Becoming "Neuquino" in Mapuzugun: Teaching Mapuche Language and Culture in the Province of Neuquen, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szulc, Andrea

    2009-01-01

    This article explores the sense of belonging promoted by the current program of Educacion Intercultural Bilingue (EIB) of the province of Neuquen for Mapuche children, examining the design and implementation of this program. The analysis reveals how this program reinforces a hegemonic definition of Mapuche identity, which relegates Mapuche culture…

  2. Problem Solving Skills of People Doing Sporty Recreation Activities in Karaman Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birol, Sefa Sahan

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study is to examine the problem solving skills of people who are doing sporty recreation activities in Karaman Province. A total of 143 people participated in this study (51 females and 92 males) Their age mean was 1.2168 ± 0.41350. Problem Solving Inventory, developed by Heppner and Peterson, was used to measure the problem solving…

  3. Chapter 18: Geology and petroleum potential of the Timan-Pechora Basin Province, Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schenk, C.J.

    2011-01-01

    The Timan-Pechora Basin Province represents the northeastern-most cratonic block of Eastern European Russia. More than 16 billion barrels of oil (BBO) and 40 trillion cubic feet of gas (TCFG) have been discovered in this basin. Three geological assessment units (AU) were defined for assessing the potential for undiscovered oil and gas resources. The NW Izhma Depression AU encompasses all potential structures and reservoirs in the northwestern part of the Izhma-Pechora Depression, but this part of the basin contains little source and reservoir rocks and so was not assessed quantitatively. The Main Basin Platform AU includes all structures and reservoirs that developed in the central part of the basin where the tectonic evolution and development of petroleum systems were complex. The Foredeep Basins AU includes all potential reservoirs within the thick sedimentary section of the foredeep basins developed during the Permo-Triassic Uralian Orogeny. For the Timan-Pechora Basin Province, the estimated means of undiscovered resources are 3.3 BBO, 17 TCFG and 0.3 billion barrels of natural gas liquids (BBNGL). For the areas of the AUs north of the Arctic Circle in the Timan- Pechora Basin Province, the estimated means of undiscovered resources are 1.7 BBO, 9.0 TCFG and 0.2 BBNGL. The Pechora Sea was assessed with the South Barents Sea Province and is not included in this assessment. ?? 2011 The Geological Society of London.

  4. Survey of the livestock ticks of the North West province, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arthur M. Spickett

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Ticks, as vectors of disease and damage agents, impact directly and indirectly on the economy of the livestock industry in southern Africa. This study surveyed the occurrence and distribution of ticks infesting livestock across the North West province, South Africa. During three phases in consecutive years, officers of the provincial Veterinary Department collected specimens monthly from livestock hosts at specified sites across the province. Data analysis constituted the fourth phase of the study. A total of 1090 collections from 265 sites yielded 42 566 tick specimens, comprising 22 different tick species (18 ixodids, 4 argasids. The specimens represent all of the major tick vectors of disease that occur in South Africa. The major tick-borne diseases (i.e. heartwater, both African and Asiatic bovine babesiosis and anaplasmosis were found to be prevalent mainly in the north-eastern region of the province, which also displayed the highest tick species diversity. The central region appears transitory to some of the major vectors. Although some tick species were contained within specific regions, others were widespread across the province. Associated serology data show that most herds sampled in areas endemic for babesiosis and anaplasmosis in the north-eastern region are endemically unstable and at risk to these tick-borne diseases should vector control measures become ineffective.

  5. Survey of the livestock ticks of the North West province, South Africa

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Arthur M., Spickett; Ingard H., Heyne; Roy, Williams.

    Full Text Available Ticks, as vectors of disease and damage agents, impact directly and indirectly on the economy of the livestock industry in southern Africa. This study surveyed the occurrence and distribution of ticks infesting livestock across the North West province, South Africa. During three phases in consecutiv [...] e years, officers of the provincial Veterinary Department collected specimens monthly from livestock hosts at specified sites across the province. Data analysis constituted the fourth phase of the study. A total of 1090 collections from 265 sites yielded 42 566 tick specimens, comprising 22 different tick species (18 ixodids, 4 argasids). The specimens represent all of the major tick vectors of disease that occur in South Africa. The major tick-borne diseases (i.e. heartwater, both African and Asiatic bovine babesiosis and anaplasmosis) were found to be prevalent mainly in the north-eastern region of the province, which also displayed the highest tick species diversity. The central region appears transitory to some of the major vectors. Although some tick species were contained within specific regions, others were widespread across the province. Associated serology data show that most herds sampled in areas endemic for babesiosis and anaplasmosis in the north-eastern region are endemically unstable and at risk to these tick-borne diseases should vector control measures become ineffective.

  6. Dose for background radioactivity in areas with high radioactivity levels in the Pinar del Rio province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective the work is to know the areas with high natural radiation doses, for they were used it the data obtained by the studies it has more than enough favorability for radioactive minerals carried out in different regions to the Pinar del Rio province in the 1986 to 1993 years and the doses calculations they were carried out according to the effective methodology

  7. Prevalence of viral hepatitis B in children from the Luricocha District at the Huanta Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the prevalence of the HBsAg, anti-HBs, anti-HBc, HBeAg and anti-HBe to estimate virus infection of the hepatitis B in children from twelve communities from the Luricocha district in the Huanta province, Ayacucho

  8. An exploratory survey of money boys and HIV transmission risk in Jilin Province, PR China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee Zixuan

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This report represents the first exploratory study of Chinese men who provide commercial sex services to other men ("money boys" in Jilin Province, People's Republic of China, through a convenience sample drawn from Changchun and Jilin City. A total of 86 active money boy participants (Changchun, n = 49; Jilin City, n = 37 were surveyed concerning background and demographics, basic HIV transmission knowledge, and sexual practices. The survey indicated that while Jilin Province money boy behavior matches other studies concerning propensity to high risk behavior and significant bridging potential, the Jilin money boys, unlike previous studies, exhibited a high level of basic HIV/AIDS transmission knowledge. In spite of this level of knowledge, none of the participants reported always using a condom in their sexual activities. They also exhibited a high level of awareness of voluntary counseling and testing available in the province, yet relatively few had availed themselves of these services. These preliminary findings will be used as a baseline and springboard for continuing study in the Jilin Province money boy community. Even now, however, it is becoming clear that the dynamics of male commercial sex work may vary greatly depending upon local influences, and will necessitate that future interventions are highly tailored to area-specific circumstances.

  9. "Go West Young Man!" Youth Apprenticeship and Opportunity Structures in Two Canadian Provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehmann, Wolfgang; Taylor, Alison; Hamm, Zane

    2015-01-01

    Most Canadian provinces offer high-school apprenticeships to facilitate students' transitions to skilled work and address employers' concerns about labour shortages. Using interview data with graduates from high-school apprenticeships in Alberta and Ontario, we analyse the impact participation in these programmes has had on their…

  10. Tourism, Transnationality and Ethnolinguistic Vitality: The Welsh in the Chubut Province, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Ian

    2010-01-01

    This article aims to develop the concept of ethnolinguistic vitality by adopting a qualitative approach to vitality rather than the statistical approach traditionally used. Ten small-size focus group style interviews were held with members of the Welsh-Argentinean community in the Chubut Province in the south of Argentina in order to explore…

  11. Infant mortality rate in Al-Ramadi province from 2000 through 2010, retrospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammed M. Hantush

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To determine the IMR in Al-Ramadi province, the center of Al-Anbar Governorate, Western Iraq, from 2000-2010 with rate comparison of the three different stages of that period. Methods: Data collected from the birth and death certificate center in Al-Ramadi province, Western Iraq, included; name, age, sex, residence, date of birth and death, in three different stages (the first stage 2000-2002, the second stage 2003-2007, and the third stage 2008-2010 in a study period from July to December, 2010. The IMRs were analyzed and compared with other studies. Results: The IMR of the last 3 years of sanction was 54.3/1000, 55.7/1000 and 50.6/1000 respectively, this rate had been increased in the war and violence period to reach its maximum rate 58.6/1000 in 2006, then decreased to reach its minimum rate 44.5/1000 in 2008. Approximately two-third of deaths occurred during the neonatal period and one third in the post neonatal period. Males had higher IMR than females, and rural residence higher than urban. Conclusion: Infant mortality rate is still high in Al-Ramadi province, since the American invasion (2003-2007, when compared with other developing countries. This study found increase of IMR in Al-Ramadi province during that period more than other studied years.

  12. Financial standing of counties in the Wielkopolskie province in the years 2004-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Majchrzak

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents a selection of indexes describing financial standing of local government units based on counties of the Wielkopolskie province. On the basis of their values analysed local government units were classified using Ward’s method to form classes with a similar financial situation.

  13. Animalization of Industrial Structure Transformation on Economic Growth in Liaoning’s Province

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Ling; Junsheng ZHONG; Yugang MA

    2012-01-01

    Industrial structure and economic growth are independent. Based on the new statistical figures of Liaoning, this paper analyzes the contribution of industrial structure to economic growth of Liaoning Province with econometrics method. Then put forward some suggestions.

    Key words: Industrial structure; Theory of grey system; Economic growth

  14. Assessment of undiscovered conventional and continuous oil and gas resources of the Baltic Depression Province, 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brownfield, Michael E.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Klett, Timothy R.; Pitman, Janet K.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Gaswirth, Stephanie B.; Mercier, Tracey J.; Le, Phuong A.; Leathers, Heidi M.

    2015-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey estimated mean volumes of undiscovered, technically recoverable resources of 282 million barrels of conventional oil, 576 billion cubic feet of conventional gas, 1.3 billion barrels of continuous oil, and 4.6 trillion cubic feet of shale gas in the Baltic Depression Province.

  15. Regional variations in contraceptive use in Kenya: comparison of Nyanza, Coast and Central Provinces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murungaru Kimani

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses the regional variations in contraceptive use between Central, Nyanza and Coast Provincesin Kenya among currently married, fecund women drawn from the 2008-09 Kenya Demographic andHealth Survey (KDHS data. Specifically the study examined the role of socio-economic, cultural and demographicfactors in explaining these variations using both bivariate and logistic regression. The analysis confirmedthe higher use of contraception in Central compared to Nyanza and Coast. Current use of moderncontraceptive methods in Central is 70 percent compared with 39 percent and 37 percent for Nyanza andCoast respectively. The higher contraceptive use in Central is attributed to the better socio-economic andcultural environment compared with the other two provinces. Central Province has very few cases of womenwith no education, a much lower percentage in the poorest wealth (9.6 category and the highest proportionin monogamous unions (97.1. The higher socio-economic status and better cultural environment has in turncreated a favourable environment for the use of contraception through the intervening variables of knowledgeon family planning and fertility preferences. The logistic regression results suggest that differences in contraceptiveuse between the three provinces could be narrowed by increasing the level of education in Coast andovercoming traditional practices such as polygyny in both Nyanza and Coast. Although mortality is stillimportant, its effect has declined. However, the unexpected finding that contraceptive use is higher in ruralareas of Central and Nyanza Provinces suggests further research to understand what could be responsible forthe reversal.

  16. Notes on the true bug (Heteroptera) fauna of Azerbaijan province, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    GHARAAT, Mohammad Ali; Hassanzadeh, Mohammad

    2009-01-01

    The Heteroptera fauna in east Azerbaijan and west Azerbaijan provinces in northwestern Iran was surveyed during 2005-2006. In all, 73 species from 18 families were collected and identified, of which 1 species, Mozena lunata (Burmeister, 1835) (Coreidae), is a new record for the Palearctic ecozone and 6 species are newly recorded from Iran.

  17. Podkarpackie Province- as an example of peripheral region of EU, w: Globalisation and its Impact to Society, Regions and States, red. T. Siwek, V. Baar, Ostrava

    OpenAIRE

    Kotarski, Hubert

    2006-01-01

    This paper is an attempt to show the factors contributing to the peripherality of the Podkarpackie Province among other EU regions. The social and economic parameters used in the analysis reveal the development level of Podkarpackie Province in comparison to other Polish provinces and regions of the enlarged EU.

  18. Gender disparity in tuberculosis cases in eastern and western provinces of Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dogar Omara F

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although globally, the number of notified TB cases is higher for males, a few countries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (Afghanistan; Lebanon; Iran and Pakistan of the World Health Organization have a relatively higher number of female cases. Pakistan ranks fifth amongst the highest TB burden countries and poses a rich ground for exploratory research to address the gender differences in TB cases. It is uniquely neighboured by India on the East, having higher number of cases in males than in females, and by Afghanistan and Iran on the West, having higher number of cases in females than in males. The objective is to see whether these gender differences are evenly distributed across the country or vary by geographies, to enable effective targeting of TB control strategies. Methods Cross-sectional analysis was carried out on secondary data, obtained from National Tuberculosis Program. Disaggregated at the provincial level, the sex-specific case notification rates (CNR were calculated and trends over a 10-year span (2001–2010 were examined. Sex-specific differences for the four Pakistani provinces were analyzed using chi-square test and odds ratios with corresponding confidence intervals. Cumulative countrywide sex-specific notification rates were used as the reference group. Results The trends for 2001–2010 in the western provinces of Pakistan show higher female CNR as compared to those seen in the eastern provinces having slightly higher male CNR. The proportions of female notified TB cases are approximately twice as high in the western provinces when compared to the eastern provinces and Pakistan over all. Conclusions These findings suggest that females are particularly affected by TB disease burden in the west parts of Pakistan. This gender disparity requires a coordinated regional and international effort to further explore triggers and moderators of increased acquisition and progression of TB disease among females in the region to guarantee effective TB control.

  19. Emergy accounting for regional studies: case study of Canada and its provinces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossaini, Navid; Hewage, Kasun

    2013-03-30

    Sustainable regional management (development) requires an understanding of interactions between the social, economic, and ecological systems within the boundaries of a region. In this paper, application of emergy (an environmental accounting method) for regional planning is discussed through a case study. Emergy (spelled with an "m") methodology is an environmental accounting technique that evaluates the energy system for the thermodynamics of an open system. Major renewable and non-renewable resource fluxes to a region, including energy, matter, human activities, and money can be converted to emergy by using corresponding transformity functions. As a case study, this paper discusses the emergy accounting of Canada and its provinces with various emergy-based indicators. Moreover, emergy maps were generated in a form of emergy geography. These maps are multi-dimensional illustrations that show resource consumption, emergy per person, and emergy density across Canada under two parameters: (1) the quantities of resources consumed and (2) the location of consumption. Emergy analysis also highlights concentrations of renewable and natural resources in Canada and distinguishes the provinces with the highest resource consumption. Analysis of emergy indicator for Canadian provinces shows that Alberta with the highest EYR (7.35) provides energy to the economy of Canada. However, ELR value of Alberta (8.5) indicates that the province's current economic approach is not sustainable as it relies mainly on non-renewable emergy inputs (mainly from fossil fuels). ELR of British Columbia and Manitoba indicates that these two provinces created a firm balance between emergy use of renewable and non-renewable resources. The characterizations of regions provided in this paper can be used for future land planning and management both in federal and provincial levels. PMID:23435155

  20. RESOURCES AND STRUCTURE OF USE THE EARTH’S SURFACE AND SOILS IN THE PODKARPACKIE PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janina Kaniuczak

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Use the resources and structure of the soil has been studied in Podkarpackie province in the years 1946-2005, divided into three periods of time due to administrative changes in the country and the region (I: 1946-1970, II: 1975-1995, III: 2000-2005. The three time periods studied decreased share of agricultural land and arable land in the general area of the province. In the years 2000-2005 has increased significantly the share of forests and other lands, at the expense of the exclusion of the arable lands and grasslands in agricultural production, which turned into fallow and uncultivated land. The farms 32.7% of arable lands was excluded from the cultivation and has evolved into a fallow and uncultivated land. The holdings of the public sector, this situation was even more unfavorable as it was, and took 86.1% of arable lands for fallow and outfield. During the study period, the structure of individual crops sown undergone substantial changes in the direction of simplification cereal monoculture. The soils of Podkarpackie province are acidic and urgently require liming treatment. Unfavorably was presented a richness soils of available forms macronutrients (P and K in Podkarpackie province, especially in available phosphorus, which was the result of limitations of organic fertilization and low consumption of mineral fertilizers. Over 90% of agricultural soils of Podkarpackie province exhibits natural content of metals (Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn. The aim of the study was to analyze the structure of the Earth's land use and soils, taking into account the structure of crops and some elements of soil fertility and degradation in the context of a slowdown adverse changes.

  1. DYNAMICS OF BALINESE LANGUAGE IN THE TRANSMIGRATION AREA OF LAMPUNG PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Nyoman Seri Malini

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the dynamics of Balinese language in one of the Indonesia's transmigration areas of Lampung Province. Field research, interviews, and data recording were directly conducted in the territory of the Balinese (transmigrants in the province . This province is the first transmigration destination with the greatest number of Balinese (trans migrants. The results of this study indicate that the languages of interaction used by Balinese (trans migrants are Balinese, Javanese, and Indonesian. Various linguistic events are colored by the use of Indonesian and Javanese including perceptive events involving dreaming, praying, quarrelling, and traditional-story telling. This illustrates that the mastery and use of such language is embedded in a series of mental processes, emotional, and psychological in the subconscious of the (trans migrants. Other linguistic characteristics that emerged from Balinese spoken at the transmigration areas in Lampung are 1 socio-culturally there is ethnic identification in the lexical level by means of pronominal usage of KITA and DIA, 2 phonological and morphological interference, 3 high occurrence of code switching and code mixing between Balinese, Javanese, and Indonesian. Regarding language maintenance, Balinese migrants have positive behavior toward its native language (Balinese which caused its maintenance to be adequate. The learning of Balinese for the sake of its inheritance and mastery by Balinese ethnics in the area is done informally. In terms of  language policy of the local government of Lampung Province, more weight is given to the development of Indonesian and Lampung language and literature while the other regional languages that co-exist in the province do not have clear status in terms of the pattern of their development.

  2. First report of Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence in peafowls in Yunnan Province, Southwestern China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tian Yi-Ming

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular protozoan parasite infecting almost all warm-blooded animals, including birds, with a worldwide distribution. Surveys of T. gondii infection in wild birds have been reported extensively in the world, but little is known of T. gondii infection in peafowls worldwide. This study was performed to determine the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection in peafowls in Yunnan Province, southwestern China. Methods Sera from 277 peafowls, including 272 blue peafowls (Pavo cristatus and 5 green peafowls (Pavo muticus originated from two geographic areas in Yunnan Province were assayed for T. gondii antibodies using the modified agglutination test (MAT. Results Specific T. gondii antibodies were detected in 35 of 277 (12.64% peafowls (MAT titer???1:5. Seropositive birds were found in both species, 33 in 272 blue peafowls and 2 in 5 green peafowls. There was no significant difference in T. gondii seroprevalence between the adolescent birds (6.74% and the adult birds (6.67% (P?>?0.05. The geographical origins of peafowls was found to be highly associated with T. gondii infection in the present study, a statistically significant difference in T. gondii seropositivity was observed between peafowls from Kunming (31.08% and those from Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture (5.91% (OR?=?10.956, 95% CI?=?1.632-73.545, P?=?0.014. Statistical analyses showed that there were no significant interactions between ages and geographical origins of peafowls (P?>?0.05. Conclusions The results of the present survey indicated that infection of peafowls with T. gondii is widespread in Yunnan Province, which has significant public health concerns and implications for prevention and control of toxoplamosis in this province. To our knowledge, this is the first seroprevalence report of T. gondii infection in China’s southwestern Yunnan Province.

  3. A survey of hazardous and toxic wastes from lead and zinc industries in Zanjan province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Angoran, situated in north-west of Zanjan province is unique in Middle East in respect of its rich reserves of Lead and Zinc minerals. These valuable reserves have attracted a number of Lead and Zinc industries into the province. With the absent of a proper waste management practices, a great deal of hazardous and toxic wastes are produced which contains a high percent of heavy metals that are potential sources for soil and water pollution. In this paper, after recognition of the main sources of the pollutants, the affected and vulnerable areas are mapped using Geographic Information System. The quality and quantity of these hazardous wastes are then evaluated by sampling and analyzing the samples and by taking into account the undesirable environmental conditions faced by the province, a number of preventive and curative measures for a better waste management practices are introduced. The annual wastes produced by 22 Zinc plants in the province are calculated to be about 260000 tons of filter cake leachates, 13000 tons of Cobalt filter cake, and 6550 tons of Cadmium-Nickel filter cakes. Two active Lead factories in the province are also producing about 13000 tons of slag annually. These wastes are containing 27000 ton Zinc, 9220 ton Lead, 560 ton Cadmium and 242000 tons of other wastes, that are left in open spaces within the factory or is dumped in dry riverbeds or near river valleys.The wastes are transported and deposited by wind in the environment and are washed by rain into the river systems or are soaked into the ground polluting the underground aquifers. Based of Basel Convention, these wastes are given international codes (Y 23, Y 31, Y 26, Y 46). Possession, disposal, and recycling of such wastes must be undertaken with specific management measures

  4. Uranium in South America with Emphasis on the Brazilian Uranium Province (Summary L'uranium en Amérique du Sud et plus particulièrement dans la province uranifère brésilienne (résumé

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Forman J. M. A.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available The search for uranium hos been going on in South America for the last 30 years and has led to discoveries of deposits in the following countries: Brazil, Argentine, Venezuela, Peru, Chile, Colombia and Ecuador. - In addition to the already known deposits in Brazil at Pocas de Caldas (Minas Gerais, Figueira (Parana and Quadrilatère Ferrifère (Minas Gerais, other deposits have been discovered at Itatiaia where the uranium is associated with phosphates, in the Lagoa Real region where the uranium is in microclinal gneiss, and in the Rio Preto region. Nearly 100 ore shows have been found in Lower Precarnbrian shales covered by Middle Precambrion quartzose sandstore. The industrial complexes of Pocas de Caldas and Fiqueira will start production respectively in 1980 and 1983. - In Argentina the mains deposits are in the Serra Pintada (Mendoza Province, at Los Adobes and Cerro Condor (Chubut Province and at Don Otto in the northern part of the country. Reserves now known and those being developed are very promising for the future. Pendant les 30 dernières années la recherche de l'uranium s'est poursuivie en Amérique du Sud et a abouti à la découverte de gisements dans les pays suivants : Brésil, Argentine, Venezuela, Pérou, Chili, Colombie et Équateur. . - Au Brésil, outre les gisements déjà connus de Poças de Caldas (Minas Gerais de Figueira (Parana et du Quadrilatère Ferrifère des Minas Gerais, d'autres gisements ont été découverts à Itatiaia où l'uranium est associé à des phosphates, dans la zone de Lagoa Real où l'uranium se trouve dans des gneiss à microcline et dans la région de Rio Preto. Près de 100 indices minéralisés sont reconnus dans les schistes du Précambrien inférieur recouverts par des grès quartzeux d'âge précambrien moyen. Les complexes industriels de Pocas de Caldas et de Figueira entreront en production respectivement en 1980 et 1983. - En Argentine, les principaux gisements se trouvent dans la Serra Pintada (Province de Mendoza, à Los Adobes et Cerre Condor (Province de Chubut et à Don Otto dans le nord du pays. Les réserves actuellement connues et celles en cours de développement sont très prometteuses pour l'avenir.

  5. Impact of One-Year Methadone Maintenance Treatment in Heroin Users in Jiangsu Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guohong Chen

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Context: Although the effectiveness of methadone maintenance treatment (MMT is well-established in many countries, it is a relatively new therapy for heroin users in China. Jiangsu Province, a relatively wealthy province, set up 4 MMT clinics in February 2006. No previous studies have evaluated the impact of MMT in a wealthy Chinese province. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of a 1-year MMT among heroin users in Jiangsu Province. We investigated the impact of the treatment by examining the following outcomes: 1 reduction of heroin use, 2 increase of appropriate sexual intercourse, 3 reduction of antisocial behavior, 4 increase of better social and family relationships, and 5 HIV prevalence among heroin users in MMT clinics. Design and Setting: Repeated cross-sectional surveys were conducted before and after heroin users in Jiangsu Province received at least 1-year of treatment in the MMT clinics. A questionnaire survey was implemented for those who agreed to participate from March to April 2006, before the initiation of MMT (N = 554. The second survey was from August to September 2007 and was administered to those who received MMT for more than 1 year (N = 804. One hundred and ninety-six patients who were investigated in both surveys were included in a longitudinal study to evaluate the factors attributable to behavior change. Results: MMT helped in reducing the percentage of heroin injection and also improved social and familial relationships. Antisocial behavior, including theft, prostitution, and dealing in heroin, decreased after 1-year treatment in the MMT clinics. However, the percentage of patients using condoms was not statistically significant. No case was found to be HIV-positive among those who received more than 1 year MMT. In the longitudinal study of 196 patients who participated in both surveys, no specific demographic variables were found to be associated with heroin use, anti-social behaviors after 1-year MMT. Conclusions: MMT was thought to reduce heroin use, antisocial behaviors and HIV prevalence, and increased appropriate sexual intercourse behaviors and better social and family relationships among heroin users in a wealthy province in China, which was true regardless of gender, age, marital status, or working status.

  6. Chapter 32: Geology and petroleum potential of the Arctic Alaska petroleum province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bird, K.J.; Houseknecht, D.W.

    2011-01-01

    The Arctic Alaska petroleum province encompasses all lands and adjacent continental shelf areas north of the Brooks Range-Herald Arch orogenic belt and south of the northern (outboard) margin of the Beaufort Rift shoulder. Even though only a small part is thoroughly explored, it is one of the most prolific petroleum provinces in North America with total known resources (cumulative production plus proved reserves) of c. 28 BBOE. The province constitutes a significant part of a displaced continental fragment, the Arctic Alaska microplate, that was probably rifted from the Canadian Arctic margin during formation of the Canada Basin. Petroleum prospective rocks in the province, mostly Mississippian and younger, record a sequential geological evolution through passive margin, rift and foreland basin tectonic stages. Significant petroleum source and reservoir rocks were formed during each tectonic stage but it was the foreland basin stage that provided the necessary burial heating to generate petroleum from the source rocks. The lion's share of known petroleum resources in the province occur in combination structural-stratigraphic traps formed as a consequence of rifting and located along the rift shoulder. Since the discovery of the super-giant Prudhoe Bay accumulation in one of these traps in the late 1960s, exploration activity preferentially focused on these types of traps. More recent activity, however, has emphasized the potential for stratigraphic traps and the prospect of a natural gas pipeline in this region has spurred renewed interest in structural traps. For assessment purposes, the province is divided into a Platform assessment unit (AU), comprising the Beaufort Rift shoulder and its relatively undeformed flanks, and a Fold-and-Thrust Belt AU, comprising the deformed area north of the Brooks Range and Herald Arch tectonic belt. Mean estimates of undiscovered, technically recoverable resources include nearly 28 billion barrels of oil (BBO) and 122 trillion cubic feet (TCF) of nonassociated gas in the Platform AU and 2 BBO and 59 TCF of nonassociated gas in the Fold-and-Thrust Belt AU. ?? 2011 The Geological Society of London.

  7. Marks of a Jelali Destruction in the Ottoman Province: The raid of Tavil Halil in Kütahya (Provinces and the Socio-Economic Reflections of it

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Süleyman Polat

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The rebellions called Jelali Revolts inflicted great damage throughout Anatolia at the turn of the 16th century and in the early 17th century. Former studies have already treated this destruction in general, however, new documents from archival records give some clues about the details of the destruction. This study is formed by using the records kept by kad?s after the destruction in Kütahya perpetrated by Tavil Hail. The study focuses on two points using sources that have not been used before. The first one is the destruction in Kütahya perpetrated by Tavil Halil during Jelali Revolts. Two different aspects of this destruction will be treated. The first one is social destruction, in other words the rapes and attacks suffered by the society. The second one is economic hardships faced by the people due to extraordinary taxes imposed on the people of this province by Nasuh Pasha who had been sent to confront the Jelalis and had to retreat to Kütahya after an unsuccessful effort to stop Tavil Halil. Thus we will emphasize the hardships faced by ehl-i örf and reaya as well as the problems caused by Jelali Revolts. The second subject in this study is the economic loss in the province of Kütahya caused by Jelali revolts. In this context we will try to determine the decrease in tax income collected by the state.

  8. Combining biological and geomorphological data to introduce biotopes of Bushehr Province, the Persian Gulf.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aghajanpour, Fatemeh; Savari, Ahmad; Danehkar, Afshin; Chegini, Vahid

    2015-12-01

    Identification and classification of intertidal areas provides the basic knowledge needed for studies of biogeography, macro-ecology, and faunal populations, as well as for conservation planning and managing human activities in coastal areas. In this research, the eastern coast of Bushehr Province was classified using the Coastal and Marine Ecological Classification Standard (CMECS). Seven substrate subgroups, five geoform types in unconsolidated mineral substrate, five micro-habitats in rock substrate, and nine biotic groups were identified in study stations. The non-metric multidimensional scaling (nMDS) ordinations and one-way analysis of similarity (ANOSIM) showed that macroinvertebrate species composition differed significantly among different geoform types (habitat types). Eight biotopes are introduced for the eastern coast of Bushehr Province based on observational and statistical methods. The results presented here show that identifying intertidal biotopes using CMECS is an appropriate method both for classifying the southern coastal areas of Iran and for integrating biotic and abiotic components. PMID:26559554

  9. Do protected areas conserve neotropical freshwater fishes? A case study of a biogeographic province in Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez–Olarte, D.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The effectiveness of protected areas to conserve freshwater fishes is limited because these areas are not usually congruent with regional patterns of fish species richness and distribution. We compared the richness, distribution and abundance of coastal freshwater fishes in a biogeographic province of Venezuela to determine their conservation status. We also estimated the relevance of existing protected areas in conserving fishes in different physiographic units and tributaries by evaluating species richness and distribution. The ichthyofauna (72 spp., ~30% endemic, ~10% threatened was distributed according to orography, drainage and physiographic units. Most protected areas had limited effectiveness for fish conservation, mainly because they were too small or included only fragments of tributaries or drainages, or because they were located only in highland drainages where species diversity was minimal. To adequately protect freshwater fishes in this province the existing protected areas should be modified and expanded.

  10. Research on the Symbiotic Relationship between Small & Medium-sized Enterprises and Banks in Jilin Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CHEN Lixia

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available As the market economy deepens continually, the small & medium-sized enterprises (SMEs in Jilin Province play more and more important role for the economic development of Jilin. Although the SMEs in Jilin have developed greatly in recent years, their difficulties in financing seriously hamper their development. The paper analyzes the status of the relation between the SMEs and banks in Jilin and suggests that it is necessary for the SMEs to establish symbiotic relationship with banks, we also put forward the paths for them to establish continuous reciprocal symbiotic relation with banks in order to help SMEs solve their financing problems and guide the banks to get more profit to realize win-win for both of them.
    Key words: Small & Medium-sized enterprises in Jilin Province; banks; Symbiotic relationship

  11. Guidelines for Solving Bullying Behaviors among Islamic Private School Students in Songkhla Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kasetchai Laeheem

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research was: to investigate ways to solve problems of bullying behaviors among students of Islamic private schools in Songkhla Province. The data of this qualitative study were collected from brainstorming meetings and critique meetings with representatives of 10 teachers, 10 students, and 10 parents and guardians. The data were analyzed using comparative logic of concepts, theories, research reports, and context based on grounded theory method.The results of the study revealed that ways to solve problems of bullying behaviors among students of Islamic private schools in Songkhla Province were: group study activities emphasizing training on correct Islamic ways, giving advice, instructive reprimands, providing good models, and teaching religion, discipline training, and organizing special projects emphasizing the socialization process of their mind, emotion, intelligence, and Islamic religious spirit.

  12. Participatory, Tourist Consumer Behavior-Based, Integrated Tourism Marketing Plan For Chainat Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nak Gulid

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to study Tourist Consumer Behavior, Tourism Market Segmentation, and Tourism Product Positioning in Chainat Province, Thailand. Quantitative analysis is employed in this study. Four hundred Thai tourists who have traveled to Chainat province at least once are the respondents who filled out the questionnaires. Multiple regression analysis has been used in this study. The majority of the Thai tourists are single females between the ages of 25 and 34, employees in the private sector with monthly incomes lower than Baht 10,000 (about USD 300, and are residents in the central region of Thailand. The results show that attitude toward destination, behavioral intention, and destination equity has strong influences on tourist consumer behavior.

  13. Extension field workers' perception of cotton integrated pest management programme in sindh province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study was conducted in the Sindh province of Pakistan to assess the performance of Extension Field Worker (EFWs) performed during FAO-EU-ADB funded National Integrated Pest Management Programme (Nat-IPM) for cotton. The basic principle of Nat-IPM programme was to enable farmers to be self sufficient, using practices that are agro-ecological friendly. This study was carried out in four districts of Sindh province (Hyderabad, Tando Allahyar, Matiari, and Mirpurkhas). The sample size comprised 48 EFWs who participated in Training of Facilitators (ToF) and erecuted FFSs during 2001 and 2004. The results revealed that the EFWs performed effectively to attain the objectives of IPM programme. It appears that EFWs improved farmers' knowledge, skills and behavioral change in attitude towards agro-ecological sound IPM practices through FFS training. (author)

  14. Design Web-based GIS Application for Rabies Spread in Bali Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. A. K. Sita Laksmita

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Rabies is still a serious threat in the province of Bali. Because of that Bali need a good management system service that can process data and information to support the government to make decision for preventing rabies outbreak. Nowadays, data management still uses spreadsheet technology that oriented to attribute data. Geographic Information System (GIS is a system that has the ability to process, analysis the process and analyzes spatial data or data with geographic coordinates. This article will discuss the implementation of GIS that show the spread of rabies in the province of Bali by using GeoServer as the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC standards-compliant server to provide geospatial data via web services. These GIS application, supported by PostGIS database as storage and processing of spatial data and OpenLayers as an interface. This application can support government for making priority decision to focus on areas which has the most high of rabies outbreak.

  15. Additional Surveys of Natural Hot Springs in Nakorn Si Thammarat Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Having know of four more natural hot spring located in Amphur Phipun, Nakorn Si Thammarat Province, the present investigators went on July 27, 2005 to collect water samples from the four new hot springs in Ampur Phipun, Nakorn Si Thammarat Province. The methods of collection and the determination of radon gas and free-living amoeba were the same as those employed in previous studies. The results revealed radon concentrations higher than the drinking safety limits of 11 Bq/L in specimens from Baan Huaysai Kow (32.30 Bq/L) and Baan Hunob (31.18 Bq/L; both naegleria and acanthamoeba were present in the specimens of the above two sites, whereas only naegleria recovered from Baan Huaysai Kow (Nai Nukul place) and none from Baan Nong Bua

  16. Alberta opens its borders to PCB waste from other provinces for destruction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The most recent and most significant development in the management of PCBs in Canada occurred with the announcement of the Alberta government that it would open its provincial borders to PCB and other hazardous wastes from across Canada for incineration at the province's special waste treatment facility located at Swan Hills, Alberta. The facility has an annual capacity of 15,000 tonnes of PCB waste. Alberta 's own waste products will be treated first; any excess capacity will be utilized to treat waste materials received from other provinces. It is estimated that given the Swan Hills plant capacity, it will take several years to treat and destroy all of Canada's current PCB waste inventory. Regulations concerning transportation, contracting requirements and pricing policies were briefly reviewed

  17. Mountain names in the geographical dictionary of Camagüey Province, environmental studies, and environmental education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso, L. F.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The research contributes to the project intended to provide the province of Camagüey with a geographical dictionary, a reference book for economic entities and academic institutions. The article is aimed at standardizing the use of geographical names in education and scientific research in Camagüey. Several methods of geographical research were used, cartographic methods, observing geographic objects in place and field research included. The findings were assessed by means of consulting experts on the topic and computer data processing. The methodology employed follows the guidelines of the national group of advisors for geographical names and the group of advisor of Camagüey province. The most widely used geographical names in the regions were listed in the dictionary.

  18. Causes of Domestic Violence between Thai Muslim Married Couples in Satun Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kasetchai Laeheem

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this qualitative study were to investigate causes of domestic violence between Thai Muslimmarried couples in Satun Province. The data were collected through in-depth interviews with three groups of keyinformants in Satun Province consisting of 1 twenty women facing domestic violence who were admitted inSatun Hospital through the One Stop Crisis Center (OSCC, 2 fifteen married husbands and wives usingdomestic violence recommended by the Community Mosque Committee, and 3 ten religious leaders. To analyzethe data, content analysis was performed using logical comparison with concepts, theories, and research coupledwith the context. It was found that domestic violence between Thai Muslim married couples in Satun Provincestemmed from five important causes. 1 jealousy and suspicions, 2 alcohol and drug abuse, 3 lack of physicaland mental readiness for building their own family, 4 lack of activities contributing to caring and understandingin the family, and 5 husbands’ values and belief in male dominance.

  19. Carbon Emissions Decomposition and Environmental Mitigation Policy Recommendations for Sustainable Development in Shandong Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Changjian Wang

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Provincial carbon emissions research is necessary for China to realize emissions reduction targets. Two-level decomposition model based on the Kaya identity was applied to uncover the main driving forces for the energy related carbon emissions in Shandong province from 1995 to 2011, an important energy base in China. Coal consumption is still the biggest contributor to the increased carbon emissions in Shandong. Decomposition results show that the affluence effect is the most important contributors to the carbon emissions increments. The energy intensity effect is the dominant factor in curbing carbon emissions. The emission coefficient effect plays an important negative but relatively minor effect on carbon emissions. Based on the local realities, a series of environment-friendly mitigation policies are raised by fully considering all of these influencing factors. Sustainable mitigation policies will pay more attention to the low-carbon economic development along with the significant energy intensity reduction in Shangdong province.

  20. Municipal solid waste management in the Southern Province of Sri Lanka: Problems, issues and challenges

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the problems, issues and challenges faced by Sri Lanka based on the outcome of a recent study conducted in the country's Southern Province. The study consists of a public survey, discussions with local authority staff involved in waste management, discussions with Provincial Council and Government officials, dialogue with local politicians, review of documents and field observations. The study revealed that only 24% of the households have access to waste collection and that in rural areas it was less than 2%. A substantial number of households in areas without waste collection expect local authorities to collect their waste. The study also showed that most sites in the province are under capacity to handle any increased demand. Urgent and immediate improvement of the waste disposal sites is necessary to meet the current demand for improved waste collection. The study also revealed that there is a high willingness of people for home composting

  1. First record of the American bullfrog Lithobates catesbeianus (Shaw, 1802 in Mendoza province, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Quiroga, Lorena

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available We discovered a well established population of L. catesbeianus in Mendoza province, San Carlos department, Capiz locality (33°41'11"S, 68°59'09" W; elevation: 920 m and other nearby localities at Tunuyán department. This record extends the distribution range of this species 270 km S-SE from Calingasta, San Juan, and 400km W-SW from Villa Dolores, Córdoba. The region is part of the Monte phytogeographic province, which is characterized by an arid climate with mean annual temperature of 17.7ºC (mean annual minimum and maximum: -1.4 and 38.0ºC, respectively and mean annual rainfall of 331.2 mm, which occurs mainly in summer.

  2. Value system for distruptive innovation : evidence from LED lighting industry in Guangdong province, China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Jizhen; Zhang, Si

    After reviewing the theory of disruptive innovation, this paper forms a new framework for analyzing disruptive innovation from the perspective of value system, which suggests that the technology per se is the value source, industrial Ecosystem is the carrier, business model is the instrument and the market trajectory is the terminal, through the coordination of the elements in the value system the success of firms in disruptive innovation could be obtained and sustained. In other words, with the understanding of how value system works in disruptive innovation, the failure of incumbent firms may hopefully find its root. According to the framework, it summarizes different types of disruption that LED brings to traditional lighting industry in Guangdong Province, and proposes policy recommendations to accelerate the development of LED lighting industry in Guangdong Province.

  3. Research experiment on infiltration and runoff in Jujube land of northern Shaanxi Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, X.; Bai, P.

    2015-05-01

    To provide guidance for the efficient use of rainwater in Jujube forests of the northern Shaanxi Province, research on the processes of infiltration and runoff under field simulated rainfall were conducted. The process of infiltration and runoff-yield on sloping land was simulated with Richards equation and the water balance equation under different rainfall intensities and soil water content, in the north of Shaanxi province. It reached results via comparing with observation results: the mean relative error of the period cumulative infiltration was less than 3%, with a root mean squared error (RSME) less than 0.3. The mean relative error of the period cumulative runoff was less than 12.5%, RSME measured ponding time probably because of spatial variation of saturated hydraulic conductivity and uneven rainfall.

  4. Alkaline / peralkaline gneisses near the northern margin of the Natal structural and metamorphic province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alkaline / peralkaline gneisses occur within three granitoid complexes at Ngoye, Bull's Run and Wangu, near the northern margin of the Natal Structural and Metamorphic Province. A wide range of rock types is present, from nepheline syenite gneisses through to peralkaline granite gneisses, with minor carbonatite and monzodiorite gneiss intrusive phases noted within two of the bodies. It is suggested that the three alkaline gneiss occurences so far mapped constitute the remnants of a metamorphosed alkaline magmatic province, and that such magmatism occured either in a post-collisional or anorogenic post-D1, pre-D2 tectonic setting. The three complexes are described with respect to mineralogy and chemistry, followed by a brief overview of the possible tectonic setting at the time of their intrusion. 1 tab., 3 refs

  5. Gasterópodos terrestres de la provincia de Misiones, Argentina / Terrestrial gastropods from Misiones Province, Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Diego Eduardo, Gutiérrez Gregoric; Verónica, Núñez; Roberto Eugenio, Vogler; Ariel Aníbal, Beltramino; Alejandra, Rumi.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El Bosque Atlántico es una de las eco-regiones prioritarias para la conservación global de la diversidad biológica. En territorio argentino se encuentra representado por la Selva Paranense que ocupa gran parte de la provincia de Misiones. Aquí se presenta una lista actualizada de los moluscos terres [...] tres de la provincia de Misiones, se evalúa su riqueza y se las compara entre áreas protegidas y no protegidas. Se elaboró una base de datos de 497 registros. Se utilizó una grilla de 50x50km sobre el mapa de la provincia de Misiones. Se amplió el número de especies presentes en esta provincia de 28 a 56 (11 exóticas y 25 micromoluscos). En áreas no protegidas se registraron 53 especies y 38 en áreas protegidas. Orthalicidae presentó el mayor número de especies (diez) y la distribución más amplia. Megalobulimus spp. se registró en 14 unidades de muestreo. Los mayores valores de riqueza específica se encontraron en el extremo norte de la provincia (R=32), donde a su vez se registra la mayor cantidad de muestreos. En esta región se mantienen grandes extensiones de vegetación autóctona que conforman la Selva Paranaense y zonas protegidas como el Parque Nacional Iguazú y el Parque Provincial Puerto Península. Abstract in english The Atlantic Forest represents one of the global priority eco-regions for biodiversity conservation. In Argentina, this is represented by the Paranense Forest, which occupies much of the Misiones Province. In this paper, an updated list of land mollusks from Misiones Province is presented, and its s [...] pecies richness was evaluated comparing protected and unprotected areas. For this, we reviewed La Plata Museum Mollusk Collection, updated the literature review, and developed some field work between 2009 and 2010. For the areographic work, a grid (50x50km) was applied to a Misiones province map. In this region, large areas of native vegetation constituting the Paranaense Forest still persist, and include protected areas such as the Iguazú National Park and Puerto Península Provincial Park. These areas have been the most explored at the malacological level (both terrestrial and aquatic environments), a fact that is consistent with the greater number of records found, which may also be the explanation for the highest number of species recorded in the region. A database containing 497 records was compiled. The number of species occurring in this Province was increased from 28 to 56; 11 of which were exotic species. A total of 38 of the species occurred in protected areas and 53 in unprotected areas; and 25 species were micro-mollusks. Orthalicidae was the family with the highest species number (10) and the widest distribution, occupying 16/20 sampling units. Megalobulimus was the genus found in a greater number of sampling units (14/20). The highest values of specific richness of land gastropods were found in Northern Misiones (R=32). This richness was similar to that previously reported for the Tucumán Province, although species occurring in both provinces were mostly different. The richness in Misiones Province border areas, as the Republic of Paraguay and the state of Santa Catarina (Brazil), was about twice that found in the province. The present study showed the existence of poorly explored areas at malacological level, especially in Central and Eastern Misiones. Data presented here will allow focus future sampling efforts on such areas, so patterns of species distribution can be better defined. Rev. Biol. Trop. 61 (4): 1759-1768. Epub 2013 December 01.

  6. Knowledge and Attitude Towards Epilepsy Among Biology Teachers in Fars Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Akbar ASADI-POOYA

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveThis study investigates the awareness and perception on “epilepsy” amongst biology teachers in Fars province, Iran.Materials & MethodsA sample of high school biology teachers in Fars province, Iran, filled out an investigator designed questionnaire including questions about their knowledge and attitude concerning “epilepsy”. There were 17 questions in the questionnaire. Nine questions addressed the knowledge and the rest were about attitude and perception.ResultsForty two teachers completed the questionnaires. More than two-thirds of the participants had a fairly desirable awareness about the definition; whereas, only approximately 40% knew something about the etiology and treatment of epilepsy. More than two-thirds of the participants had a positive attitude towards epilepsy; however, misconceptions and negative attitudes were observed.ConclusionEducational programs for biology teachers and also other teachers are necessary to improve their knowledge, attitude and perception about epilepsy.

  7. Cystatin capture elisa immunodiagnosis of human fasciolosis at Chupaca-Junin Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the prevalence of human fasciolosis in an endemic area by means of an Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) using cystatin as a capture agent for the detection of specific antibodies to fasciola hepatica cysteine proteinases. An ELISA plate was sensitized with cystatin, incubated with excretory-secretory products of adult flukes, and followed by standard ELISA procedures. Clinical applicability of the cystatin capture ELISA for the immunodiagnosis of fasciolosis was tested with 200 serum samples of children and adults from an endemic area in Chupaca province, Junin department. Serum samples from the endemic area tested by cystatin capture ELISA showed 27/200 (13,5%) of positive cases. Fasciolosis remains a major health problem at Chupaca province, Junin department

  8. Characterization of the neoplastic disease in childhood in the province of Ciego de Avila

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study to characterize from the standpoint of childhood cancer epidemiology in the province of Ciego de Avila from January to December 2008. The sample consisted of all the managers or guardians, with inclusion criteria and signed informed consent. We applied a structured interview criteria validated by experts. The data were divided into tables and comments. Acute leukemias were most prevalent. The northern area had a higher proportional mortality and crude with 10.7 x c/100 people died and 0.05 respectively x c/1000 plus higher incidence rate, with 0.8 x c/10000 inhabitants. The higher prevalence of cancer diseases in the municipality of the chamber. The specific rates were in the group of 1 to 4 years and only 16.3% underwent early diagnosis of the disease. We conclude that working in the promotion, teaching and research to reduce childhood cancer mortality in the province

  9. Epidemiological Features of Malaria in Qom Province from 2001 to 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abedin Saghafipour

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Malaria is still one of the most serious health problems all across the world. This study aimed at investigating the epidemiological features of malaria in Qom province form 2001 to 2011.Materials and Methods: It was a descriptive-analytic cross-sectional study conducted on the malaria cases in Qom province from 2001 to 2011. The data analyzed by SPSS software and t-test and chi-square test.Results: During those 10 years, 553 cases of malaria were reported. Most of those cases were Iranian men of 15 years old and over. In most of the cases, Plasmodium vivax was the main cause of the disease.Conclusion: Considering the huge number of pilgrims entering Qom city and also the existence of Mosquito vectors, programs to combat malaria should continue.

  10. Attributes for MRB_E2RF1 Catchments by Major River Basins in the Conterminous United States: Physiographic Provinces

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This tabular data set represents the area of each physiographic province (Fenneman and Johnson, 1946) in square meters, compiled for every MRB_E2RF1 catchment of...

  11. National Assessment of Oil and Gas Project - Uinta-Piceance Province (020) Depth to the top of the Dakota Sandstone

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This dataset shows depth ranges to the top of the Dakota Sandstone within the Uinta-Piceance Province, northwestern Colorado and northeastern Utah.

  12. National Assessment of Oil and Gas Project - Southwest Wyoming Province (037) Estimated Depth to the Top of the Frontier Formation

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This dataset shows depth contours to the top of the Frontier Formation within the Southwestern Wyoming Province, southwestern Wyoming, northeastern Utah, and...

  13. Retrospective Study on the Prevalence of Foreign Body in Goats? Rumen: Omdurman Province, Khartoum State, Sudan (1998-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.A. Mohammed

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Goats in Khartoum State are frequently raised as small backyard flocks to provide milk for personal consumption. Rumen foreign body is a major threat to goats in Khartoum. Omdurman Province is one of Khartoum State Provinces. The percentage of the foreign body in goats? rumen was high in the year 1999 (47.8% and then declined to 33.3 and 39.1% during years 2000 and 2002 respectively. and Foreign body surgical operations (rumenotomy percentage reached up to 44.4% compared to other surgical operations performed in goats in Omdurman Province. The present study aimed to compare the prevalence of foreign body in goats? rumen in Omdurman Province and the seasonality evidence and to provide recommendations for prevention and control.

  14. The prevalence and spectrum of ? and ? thalassaemia in Guangdong Province: implications for the future health burden and population screening

    OpenAIRE

    Xu, X M; ZHOU, Y.Q.; Luo, G X; Liao, C; ZHOU, M; Chen, P.Y.; Lu, J P; Jia, S Q; Xiao, G F; X. Shen; Li, J.; Chen, H P; Xia, Y Y; Wen, Y X; Mo, Q H

    2004-01-01

    Aim: Thalassaemia is a good candidate disease for control by preventive genetic programmes in developing countries. Accurate population frequency data are needed for planning the control of thalassaemia in the high risk Guangdong Province of southern China.

  15. Study of Hydrous Sulfates from the Deccan Volcanic Province (DVP) of Kutch, India: Implications for Aqueous Alteration Processes on Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharya, S.; Jain, N.; Parthasarathy, G.; Chauhan, P.; Ajai

    2012-03-01

    The Deccan Volcanic Province (DVP) at Gujarat, India is consider as a good analogue for the study of clay and hydrous sulphate minerals.This study can lead in interpreting the environmental conditions on the early Mars.

  16. Assessment of potential unconventional Carboniferous-Permian gas resources of the Liaohe Basin eastern uplift, Liaoning Province, China, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pollastro, Richard M.; Potter, Christopher J.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Cook, Troy A.; Klett, Timothy R.; Kirschbaum, Mark A.

    2012-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey estimated a mean of 448 billion cubic feet of potential technically recoverable unconventional natural gas in Carboniferous and Permian coal-bearing strata in the eastern uplift of the Liaohe Basin, Liaoning Province, China.

  17. Amphibia, Anura, Bufonidae, Melanophryniscus devincenzii Klappenbach, 1968: First record for Corrientes Province, Argentina.

    OpenAIRE

    Boeris, J.; Ferro, J. M.; Krauczuk, E.; Baldo, D

    2010-01-01

    Melanophryniscus devincenzii is known from Misiones (Argentina), Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil), Guairá (Paraguay)and northern Uruguay. Herein, we report the first record for Corrientes Province in Argentina.

  18. Depth to the top of the Mesaverde Group -- National Assessment of Oil and Gas Project - Southwestern Wyoming Province (037)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This dataset shows depth contours to the top of the Mesaverde Group within the Southwestern Wyoming Province, southwestern Wyoming, northeastern Utah, and...

  19. Distribution and Source identification of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs in the Sediments of the Southwest Caspian Sea Coasts: Gillan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Nemati Varnosfaderany

    2014-05-01

    Conclusion: According to PAH diagnostic ratios and similarity of dominant PAH compounds in study area with dominant PAH compounds of Azerbaijan oil field, main probable source of PAH compounds in Gillan province coasts is Azerbaijan oil pollution.

  20. Spatial Agglomeration and Productivity of Textile and Leather Manufacturing in the Punjab Province of Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Asim Iqba; Muhammad Wasif Siddiqi

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates whether spatial agglomeration of textile and leather industry facilitates to enhance its own productivity at establishment level in the Punjab province of Pakistan. The empirical analysis is based on the survey data for the years 1995-96, 2000-2001 and 2005-06 collected from the Punjab Bureau of Statistics (PBS). The production function framework has been utilized. The results of production function suggest that spatial agglomeration of textile and leather industry pla...

  1. Evaluation of the safety culture in the regulatory activity in Camaguey province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Previous studied accomplished in the country have permitted to evaluate the activity of the regulatory body in nuclear safety matter in part of the national territory. These studies did not encompass the Camaguey province. In the work are shown the results of the study in this part of the territory, accomplished as of the survey elaborated by the National Nuclear Safety Center using guides it ASCOT and other documents of the IAEA

  2. Characteristics and Motivations of Sports Officials in the Province of Québec

    OpenAIRE

    Denis Auger; Julie Fortier; André Thibault; Daniel Magny; François Gravelle

    2010-01-01

    Participation in sport and recreation is important for Quebecers’ health, both mentally and physically. Sports in the province of Québec are organised under the tutelage of Sports-Québec. This is a non-profit organization composed of and representing 63 provincial sports federations, supporting 90 sports and 17 regional leisure and sport units. Federations are responsible for the development of their coaches, instructors and officials. Most federations and associations identify difficulties i...

  3. Factors that contribute to public sector nurses’ turnover in Limpopo province of South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takalani G. Tshitangano

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: The ongoing worldwide phenomenon of a shortage of about 4.3 million nurses and midwives poses a threat to health service delivery. Limpopo province had the worst nurseshortage of over 60% in 2010. Authors attribute this shortage to turnover of nurses. The quest to describe factors contributing to nurses’ turnover led to this study in Limpopo province,South Africa.Objectives: To explore and describe factors that contribute to nurses’ turnover in Limpopo province of South Africa by assessing public sector nurses’ job satisfaction in relation tocommon determinants of job satisfaction.Method: A descriptive cross-sectional approach used primary quantitative data collected from 141 of 380 respondents (31.1% response rate contacted incidentally. Self-administered hand-delivered questionnaires were used to gather ordinal data, which were analysed in terms of frequency and percentage tables using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 6. The sum of positive and negative effects was used to determine satisfaction; if positive effects were greater than negative effects respondents were judged to be satisfied and vice versa.Results: Frequency and percentage tables revealed that nurses in Limpopo province weremore dissatisfied (53.9% than satisfied (37.8% with their jobs. Factors which respondents were found to be dissatisfied with included staffing (85.2%, availability of workplace resources (83.7%, salaries (78.8%, workplace safety (73.7%, career development opportunities (64.5% and hours of work (47.6%.Conclusion: Nurses’ turnover is attributed to nurses’ dissatisfaction with staffing, resources,salaries and workplace safety. Attention needs to be given to these specific issues if retention of nurses is to be achieved.

  4. Black tiger shrimp value chain analysis in Bac Lieu province, Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Doan, Van Bay

    2011-01-01

    This research applied value chain analysis to represent activities of participants and their linkages in Black tiger shrimp culture industry in Hoa Binh district, Bac Lieu province, Vietnam. Actors involved in shrimp farming practice from farmers, collectors, wholesalers, feed and veterinary medicine enterprises, processors, to hatcheries, and nurseries were interviewed by separate questionnaires. A total sample size of 71 surveyed households were conducted and analyzed for this research. Res...

  5. Aflatoxin Contamination in Wheat Flour Samples from Golestan Province, Northeast of Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Ghasemi Kebria, F. (Msc); Joshaghani, H; AG Chogan; Keshavarzian, H; Namjoo, M.; G Roshandel; S. Semnani; N Taheri

    2012-01-01

    Background: Due to the high toxicity of aflatoxin and its effects on public health, determination of aflatoxin level in Wheat flour samples in the Golestan province, north of Iran was investigated. To examine the effect of seasonal changes, summer and winter sampling was performed with standard sampling methods. Methods: A total of 200 flour samples were collected from 25 factories. HPLC method with immunoaffinity chromatography was used to measure aflatoxin types (G2, G1, B2 and B1). Statist...

  6. Do protected areas conserve neotropical freshwater fishes? A case study of a biogeographic province in Venezuela

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez–Olarte, D.; D. C. Taphorn; Lobón–Cerviá, J.

    2011-01-01

    The effectiveness of protected areas to conserve freshwater fishes is limited because these areas are not usually congruent with regional patterns of fish species richness and distribution. We compared the richness, distribution and abundance of coastal freshwater fishes in a biogeographic province of Venezuela to determine their conservation status. We also estimated the relevance of existing protected areas in conserving fishes in different physiographic units and tributaries by evaluating ...

  7. The powerful learning environment and history learners in the Free State Province.

    OpenAIRE

    Moreeng, Boitumelo B; Du Toit, Erna

    2013-01-01

    The Curriculum and Assessment Policy Statement for History (2011) encourages an active and critical approach to learning. This principle requires History teachers to structure learning environments that will enable active learner participation and meaningful learning. This article reports on a quantitative research study conducted in schools in the Free State Province to establish the extent to which History learners are exposed to the different characteristics of a powerful le...

  8. Evaluation of dietary Intake and Food Patterns of Adolescent Girls in Sistan and Baluchistan Province, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Farzaneh Montazerifar; Mansour Karajibani; Ali Reza Dashipour

    2012-01-01

    Background: The evidence suggests a relationship between lifestyle and diet-related risk factors.Objective: This study assessed the dietary intake and habits of high school girls in Sistan and Bluchistan province, in southeastern Iran.Methods: In a cross-sectional, descriptive study, 753 high school girls aged 14-18 years old wereenrolled by a clustered random sampling method. Dietary intake and food habits were evaluatedby a two-day, 24-hour dietary recall, and a food frequency questionna...

  9. Challenges for conserving biodiversity and developing sustainable island tourism in North Sulawesi Province, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Sun-Kee Hong*; Marno Soemarno; Luchman Hakim

    2012-01-01

    Recent conditions in North Sulawesi Province (NSP) have become favorable for the development of tourism. In this paper,we present the recent status of biodiversity and tourism in NSP as a basic consideration towards integrative biodiversityconservation strategy. Overall, biological accounts suggest that NSP is important for the world biodiversity conservationprogram. NSP’s biodiversity makes the area a major nature-based tourism (ecotourism) site in the world. Developmentof diverse tourism pr...

  10. Bullying Among Lower Secondary School Students in Pattani Province, Southern Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Boonyapat Yodprang; Metta Kuning; Nittaya McNeil

    2009-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of physical bullying and to identify a suitable statistical model accounting for risk factors affecting physical bullying among lower secondary school students in Pattani province, southern Thailand. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 244 students aged 12 to 19 years by questionnaire. All participants were interviewed in December 2006 in a neutral location outside the schools. Questions on physical bullying referred to behaviour during ...

  11. Guidelines for Solving Bullying Behaviors among Islamic Private School Students in Songkhla Province

    OpenAIRE

    Kasetchai Laeheem

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research was: to investigate ways to solve problems of bullying behaviors among students of Islamic private schools in Songkhla Province. The data of this qualitative study were collected from brainstorming meetings and critique meetings with representatives of 10 teachers, 10 students, and 10 parents and guardians. The data were analyzed using comparative logic of concepts, theories, research reports, and context based on grounded theory method.The results of the study re...

  12. Demographic Factors Affecting Employment in Pattani and Songkla Provinces of Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Pun Thongchumnum; Sunari Suwanro; Chamnein Choonpradub

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of demographic factors on the employment of people in Pattani and Songkla Provinces of Thailand. The outcome variable is binary employment status (employed or unemployed). The determinant variables are education completion level (none, elementary, secondary, high) and the demographic factors gender, religion (Islam or Other), seven 5-year age groups (25-29 to 54-59), and district. We used data from the 2000 Census of the National Statistical Office. The ana...

  13. Constraints and Countermeasure Analysis on the Development of Cultural Creative Industry in Jilin Province

    OpenAIRE

    FANG Wen; Rui CUI; Honghui WANG

    2012-01-01

    Cultural creative industry is an emerging industry in the 21st century, which is also a new growth point in the local economic development. In recent years, cultural creative industry in Jilin province has made remarkable development effectiveness and plays a great role in promoting the economic growth. However, some problems have been exposed while the rapid development in cultural creative industry. This paper aimed at studying the main constraints of the development of cultural creative in...

  14. A Study of TQM Implementation Outcomes in Hamadan Province, District Health Systems 2000-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Hamidi

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available The overall objective of this study was to determine TQM application in health systems of different countries and designing an appropriate model for Iran through experimenting in Hamadan Province District Health Systems. Its most important special objectives were: analyzing action plan for TQM and the achievements in different countries –including IRAN, primary modeling TQM and proposing it for health systems, experimenting of the mentioned above model in 8 DHSs` of Hamadan province , analyzing the results of applying TQM and at the end proposing appropriate strategy for successful implementation of TQM. This research was a semi exprimental study that after one year from applying proposed model in 8 DHSs` of Hamadan Province short-term results were evaluated. The results showed a positive change in organizational culture, teamwork, process oriented and customer satisfaction in the trial field. In a way that 42.5% of responses agreed with cultural change in organization, 45.5% claimed increasing of teams problem solving effectiveness. As a necessiation technical aspect of quality improvement projects, process capability ratio (PCR, in some process was dramatically increased, in a way that PCR in vaccination process(from 0.8 to 1.08 , health card issued(from 0.82 to 1.71, child care(from 0.5 to 1.3, health house reports(from 0.24 to 1.5 and delivery of LD&HD pill (from 0.41 to 1.48 improved. The most driving forces capable of affecting success of TQM were: committed and supportive management (87%, continuous education (85%, Strategic planning(73%,and Employee participation(65%. Considering the maintained above results, TQM implementation in Hamadan province district health systems, not only increased quality of key processes, but also created positive culture change.

  15. Causes of forest conflicts : Case study of three districts in Lam Dong province, Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Phuong Thi

    2012-01-01

    It is said that examining the cause of natural conflict is not easy because conflict is not only complex issue but also involves in various factors and actors. Determining reason of contestation over natural resources brings significance not only for researcher but also for natural resource managers. Therefore, purpose of this study is to determine main causes of forest conflicts in three districts of Lam Dong province, Vietnam. By involvement of unequal distribution of benefit sharing derive...

  16. Improve the Investment and Financing Environment and Promote Sustainable Development of Agriculture in Shandong Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Xiaoping

    2011-01-01

    With rapid development of the economy, the industrialization of agriculture of Shandong Province has been expanded, and the investment and the demand for funding also increased. However, agricultural production has a greater vulnerability, constrained by natural conditions, and must rely on external investment and financing support. And good rural finance environment, can promote the healthy development of the financial industry, in turn strongly support and promote economic developm...

  17. Toxocara Spp. Eggs in Public Parks of Urmia City, West Azer¬baijan Province Iran

    OpenAIRE

    S Charesaz; M Hadian; M. Tavassoli; Javadi, S

    2008-01-01

    Background: The visceral larva migrans (VLM) is a syndrome observed in human infection with helminth larval eggs such as the Toxocara spp. that usually infects dogs and cats. Among the risk factors involved in the occurrence of VLM, partic­ularly importance of these animal populations, an investigation was carried out for the presence of Toxocara spp. eggs in public parks in the city of Urmia, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran."nMethods: Samples were collected from total 26 existing public parks...

  18. Ecological characterization of surface waters in the province of Overijssel (The Netherlands).

    OpenAIRE

    Verdonschot, P.F.M.

    1990-01-01

    Nowadays many surface waters in The Netherlands tend to become ecologically uniform with the same mediocre quality. A differentiated approach to water management is necessary to stop this process of impoverishment of aquatic ecosystems. In The Netherlands the provincial authorities represent the appropriate level at which this differentiated approach to water management can be put into practice. Such an approach has been realized by the Department of Water Management of the Province of Overij...

  19. Toxoplasma gondii in Cattle, Camels and Sheep in Isfahan and Chaharmahal va Bakhtiary Provinces, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Faham Khamesipour; Abbas Doosti; Hamid Iranpour Mobarakeh; Komba, Erick V. G.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic parasite, which is assumed to have cosmopolitan distribution. Objectives: Adopting a cross-sectional study design the current research aimed to determine the occurrence of the parasite in cattle, camels and sheep in Isfahan and Chaharmahal va Bakhtiary provinces of Iran. Materials and Methods: Animals in the field and those brought for slaughter at abattoirs were included. Blood samples were randomly collected from animals and investigated b...

  20. Disease Burden from Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Guangdong Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianpeng Xiao

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To estimate the disease burden and financial burden attributed to hepatitis B virus (HBV infection in Guangdong Province. Methods: Based on the data of incidence, mortality and healthcare cost of HBV-related diseases and other socio-economic data in Guangdong Province, we estimated deaths, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs and economic cost for the three HBV-related diseases—hepatitis B, liver cirrhosis and liver cancer—in Guangdong following the procedures developed for the global burden of disease study. Then disease burden and economic cost attributed to HBV infection was estimated. Results: HBV infection was estimated to have caused 33,600 (95% confidence interval (CI: 29,300–37,800 premature deaths and the loss of 583,200 (95% CI: 495,200–671,100 DALYs in Guangdong in 2005. The greatest loss of deaths and DALYs were from liver cancer. The 45–59 years age group had the greatest burden attributable to HBV infection. The estimated total annual cost of HBV-related diseases in Guangdong was RMB 10.8 (95% CI: 8.7–13.0 billion?the direct and indirect cost were RMB 2.6 (95% CI: 2.1–3.2 and 8.2 (95% CI: 6.6–9.8 billion. Conclusions: HBV infection is a great medical challenge as well as a significant economic burden to Guangdong Province. The results suggest that substantial health benefits could be gained by extending effective public health and clinical interventions to reduce HBV infection in Guangdong Province.