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1

Progress report 1979 - 1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Experimental and theoretical results are reported obtained by staff of the IPP-Prague in the years 1979-1980 concerning high-frequency heating of plasma in tokamaks, interaction of relativistic electron beams with a plasma, and applied plasma physics. Preliminary experiments on additional hf heating in a small TM-1-MH tokamak and the new data acquisition and processing system Andromeda are described in Chapter 2. In Chapter 3 the specifications of the high-power electron accelerator REBEX 2 and some of the applied diagnostic systems (X-ray detectors and equipment for the Thomson scattering of laser light) are described in detail. Work in applied plasma physics is concentrated to thin film formation and plasma chemistry (Chpt.4). In theoretical papers in the last chapter several interesting questions of high-frequency plasma heating and beam plasma interaction are discussed (e.g., particle transport in hf-heated plasma, reflexing electron beam phenomena, particle trapping). (;.U.)

2

Biology and medicine division annual report, 1979-1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Progress for 1979-1980 is reported from the following research groups and/or areas: research medicine; Donner Pavilion; Peralta Cancer Research Institute; environmental physiology; radiation biophysics and structural biophysics. Abstracts have been prepared for the 61 separate research programs described in this report for inclusion in the Energy Data Base

3

Embryo culture in teratological surveillance and serum proteins in development. Progress report, 1979-1980  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Research progress for the period 1979-1980 is reported. The feasibility of using rat embryo cultures to test the teratogenic activity of serum was studied. The mechanisms regulating the synthesis of serum proteins were investigated. (ACR)

Klein, N.W.

1980-07-01

4

Annual report 1979/1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The annual report concentrates result of investigations in the field of the production of radioisotopes, the synthesis of radioactive compounds and their characterization. Main topics are the production of 99Mo and the application of radioactive compounds in nuclear medicine especially as radiopharmaceuticals. A list of publications and lectures is enclosed. (author)

5

Annual report 1979-1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Experiments have been performed at CERN in collaboration with scientists from other laboratories: search of new narrow resonant structures, baryonium, dibaryons, hadrons structure studied with the 'Lezard' spectrometer, flavour... The participation to the UA1 experiment continued and developed a very important technical cooperation

6

Innovation in Australian technology 1979-1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Innovations arising from Australian research and development are reported. Two categories of submission are defined: those which are in production or use and those which have reached prototype design or pilot plant stage and appear to be of value. Innovations in the field of nuclear science are: a radon analyser, uranium tails management, technetium-99m generator, enrichment of uranium by gas ultracentrifuge, programmable radiometric assay monitor, a borehole core analyser, intrinsic germanium detector for uranium borehole logging, underground operations at a uranium mine, neutron moisture meter and apparatus for the determination of deuterium in water at natural levels. Names to whom requests for further information should be addressed are included

7

1979-1980 tandem accelerator report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A very brief summary is given of the operations of the Argonne tandem Van de Graaff accelerator during 1978-1980. Mention is made of the corona tube system maintenance, the microprocessor used in the terminal to index stripper-foil positions, and the sputter ion source performance. Ion source development is also mentioned

8

Progress report for 1979-1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This basically administrative report describes research in the following areas: ?-neon interactions at 200 GeV; direct ? and e+e- pair production; studies of photon production in 16-GeV/c ?+-p interactions; ?-p interactions at 20 GeV; and computer and hardware development. References are given to published work. An expenditure statement is included

9

VGB activity report 1979/1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This is a detailed technical and scientific report on the safety, reliability, and economics of power plants and on availability and failure statistics of power plant operators. VGB activities in the field of R-D projects are reviewed. The members' committees and their activities are listed as well as VGB meetings and seminars. (GL)

10

Reports of planetary geology program, 1979 - 1980. [bibliographies  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstracts of 145 reports are compiled addressing the morphology, geochemistry, and stratigraphy of planetary surfaces with some specific examinations of volcanic, aeolian, fluvial, and periglacial processes and landforms. In addition, reports on cartography and remote sensing of planet surfaces are included.

Wirth, P.; Greeley, R.; Dalli, R.

1980-01-01

11

Medical and Health Sciences Division research report, 1979-1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Medical and Health Sciences Division conducts research programs relevant to neoplastic, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, and cardiovascular diseases. Basic biological science, nuclear medicine, and epidemiology provide an integrated approach to solving biomedical problems directly related to occupational medicine and environmental health effects. The central theme of this research is focused on both the mechanisms and risk assessments of diseases caused by accidental exposure to chemical toxicants derived from fossil and synthetic fuels or to radiation. A major reorganizational change made this past year restructured the division into two branches. The environmental and health sciences branch contains a cancer and pulmonary research section, an interdisciplinary task group section, a cardiovascular research section, and a research support section. The radiation and nuclear medicine branch consists of a radiation and nuclear medicine section and an occupational epidemiology section. In addition, special task groups have been created to provide an interdisciplinary team approach in certain research efforts. Information included in this booklet summarizes research results and related activities for the period from October 1, 1979, to September 30, 1980

12

1979-1980 Geothermal Resource Assessment Program in Washington  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Separate abstracts were prepared for seven papers. Also included are a bibliography of geothermal resource information for the State of Washington, well temperature information and locations in the State of Washington, and a map of the geology of the White Pass-Tumac Mountain Area, Washington. (MHR)

Korosec, M.A.; Schuster, J.E.

1980-01-01

13

Nuclear engineering enrollments and degrees, 1979-1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The 1980 survey includes current data on 69 institutions that reported degrees and/or enrollments. Three schools reported no students during this survey year, and three institutions have discontinued their nuclear engineering program. Since 1978, nuclear engineering enrollments have decreased by about 20% at the undergraduate and master's levels. Doctoral candidates have increased slightly in the two years since 1978. Bachelor's degree recipients have decreased since 1978 by 121 to 656 in 1980, after having increased for three years. Master's degrees awarded decreased also by 121 to 366, and the number of doctoral degrees has increased slightly since 1978 to 116

14

Industrial energy use, annual report for 1979 - 1980  

Science.gov (United States)

Results of a study covering major energy-intensive industries to identify areas with high potentials for improvement in the efficiency of industrial gas use are given. About 85 percent of all natural gas used in industrial process heaters is accounted for in the seven industries which are primary metals (iron and steel, aluminum), stone, clay and glass, petroleum, chemicals, food, textiles, and paper. The study proceeded in four major steps. In step 1, the most recent industrial fuel use data was collected, checked, and disaggregated by process, furnace, and fuel type using five national energy consumption data bases. In Step 2, efficiency and heat distribution for 40 furnaces were determined using energy and material balances. In Step 3, discussions were held with industry representatives to obtain feedback on the study's findings relating to current and future uses of alternate energy sources and promising conservation options which are available or under development. In Step 4, quantitative data on total energy use and typical furnace efficiency were incorporated with qualitative information on future fuel use trends, future changes in process/furnace mix, etc., to identify areas where maximum gains in energy efficiency could occur.

Lerner, M. O.; Kothari, V. S.; Sarin, A.; Hauth, D. C.; Kaplan, C. P.

1982-01-01

15

Department of Atomic Energy [India]: Annual report 1979-1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The work of the research establishments, projects undertaken and public sector undertakings of the Department of Atomic Energy during the financial year 1979-80 is surveyed. The research and development activities of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre at Bombay, the Reactor Research Centre at Kalpakkam, the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research at Bombay, the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics at Calcutta and the Tata Memorial Centre at Bombay are described. An account of the progress of heavy water production plant projects, the Madras and Narora Atomic Power Projects, the MHD project and the 100 MW thermal research reactor R-5 Project at Trombay is given. Performance of the Tarapur and Rajasthan Atomic Power Stations, Nuclear Fuel Complex at Hyderabad, Atomic Minerals Division, ISOMED (the radiation sterilisation plant for medical products) at Bombay, the Indian Rare Earths Ltd., the Uranium Corporation of India Ltd., and the Electronics Corporation of India Ltd., Hyderabad is reported. (M.G.B.)

16

Trace elements in oil shale. Progress report, 1979-1980  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of this research program is to understand the potential impact of an oil shale industry on environmental levels of trace contaminants in the region. The program involves a comprehensive study of the sources, release mechanisms, transport, fate, and effects of toxic trace chemicals, principally the trace elements, in an oil shale industry. The overall objective of the program is to evaluate the environmental and health consequences of the release of toxic trace elements by shale and oil production and use. The baseline geochemical survey shows that stable trace elements maps can be constructed for numerous elements and that the trends observed are related to geologic and climatic factors. Shale retorted by above-ground processes tends to be very homogeneous (both in space and in time) in trace element content. Leachate studies show that significant amounts of B, F, and Mo are released from retorted shales and while B and Mo are rapidly flushed out, F is not. On the other hand, As, Se, and most other trace elements are not present in significant quantities. Significant amounts of F and B are also found in leachates of raw shales. Very large concentrations of reduced sulfur species are found in leachates of processed shale. Very high levels of B and Mo are taken up in some plants growing on processed shale with and without soil cover. There is a tendency for some trace elements to associate with specific organic fractions, indicating that organic chelation or complexation may play an important role. Many of the so-called standard methods for analyzing trace elements in oil shale-related materials are inadequate. A sampling manual is being written for the environmental scientist and practicing engineer. A new combination of methods is developed for separating the minerals in oil shale into different density fractions. Microbial investigations have tentatively identified the existence of thiobacilli in oil shale materials such as leachates. (DC)

Chappell, W R

1980-01-01

17

Jiayuguan of Gansu Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the study, three different solar power generating systems (including solar thermal and PV are analyzed, according to same climate data in Jiayuguan, Gansu province. Solar parabolic trough and tower thermal power systems are selected as typical thermal system. Parabolic trough system and polycrystalline silicon cell are maturity and popularized in the world and tower system is developed to commercial stage in recent year. Then calculated and analyzed the generating capacity and economic characters of three power systems. The results can be used to support technology choice, operation and design optimization.

Yong-Sheng Hu

2013-01-01

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Passive test-cell experiments during the winter of 1979-1980  

Science.gov (United States)

The performance of a variety of passive solar heating configurations in 14 passive test cells were monitored. The cells included attached greenhouses, masonry and water walls with black-chrome absorber surfaces, night insulation, and phase-change thermal storage walls. The results of these side-by-side tests were used to make quantitative comparisons of the delivered performance of these configurations for the conditions under which they were tested.

Hyde, J. C.

1981-11-01

19

Levels of strontium 90 in the environment at PINSTECH (Period 1979-1980)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Strontium 90, a most toxic among the beta emitting radionuclides, is found in the environment originating mostly from the global fallout from nuclear tests. Radioactive concentration of this radionuclide was measured in air-borne particulates, precipitation, surface water, seasonal vegetables and other items of diet. The report describes a radiochemical procedure for the separation of Y 90 by solvent extraction leading to the determination of Sr 90 content in the environmental and biological samples. The report also presents data on the concentration of Sr 90 in the biomedia at PINSTECH during 1979-80. The values of these concentrations are fairly comparable to those published in the current literature. (author)

20

Studies in iodine metabolism. Progress report and publications, 1979-1980  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Research programs for the years 1978-1980 is reported. The following subject areas are discussed: (1) iodine 131 monitoring in thyroids of sheep, cattle and humans; (2) radium monitoring in cattle thyroids; (3) the relationship of thyroid function to seizures in rats; (4) the effect of KSCN on thyroglobulin in mice; and (5) studies on excessive iodide intake. (ACR)

Van Middlesworth, L

1980-01-01

 
 
 
 
21

George W. Wingate High School Bilingual Program ESEA Title VII Final Evaluation Report, 1979-1980.  

Science.gov (United States)

This is an evaluation report of the fifth year of a bilingual career education program, funded under Title VII and carried out at George W. Wingate High School, Brooklyn, New York. The program was designed to offer bilingual instruction and supportive services to the school's Haitian population, with the aim of preparing these students to…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Office of Educational Evaluation.

22

1979-1980 eclipse of zeta Aurigae, I. The circumstellar envelope  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The resonance lines of Mg+ and C+++ have been studied in the spectrum of zeta Aurigae during 1979 and 1980. A model of the K-star wind far from the K star and its interaction with the B star in the system has been derived. The data suggest a mass loss rate from the K star of 2 x 10-8 M/sub sun/ yr-1. The rate of accretion by the B star of material from the K supergiant is such that the matter accreted in the course of about 10 years is of the order of the total mass of the photosphere of the B star

23

Progress report on research program in elementary particle theory, 1979-1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A qualitative description is given of research in the following areas: particle physics in relativistic astrophysics and cosmology; phenomenology of weak and electromagnetic interactions; strong interaction physics and quark-parton physics; quantum mechanics, quantum field theory, and fundamental problems; and groups, gauges, and grand unified theories. Reports on this work have already been published, or will be, when it is completed

24

Report, 1979-1980: Assembly of Life Sciences, National Research Council.  

Science.gov (United States)

This annual report of the Assembly of Life Sciences (ALS) covers the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1979, and ending June 30, 1980. The report has four major sections: (1) Special Programs of the Executive Office; (2) Division of Biological Sciences; (3) Division of Medical Sciences; and (4) Board on Toxicology and Environmental Health Hazards.…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Assembly of Life Sciences.

25

Environment Health & Safety Research Program. Organization and 1979-1980 Publications  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This document was prepared to assist readers in understanding the organization of Pacific Northwest Laboratory, and the organization and functions of the Environment, Health and Safety Research Program Office. Telephone numbers of the principal management staff are provided. Also included is a list of 1979 and 1980 publications reporting on work performed in the Environment, Health and Safety Research Program, as well as a list of papers submitted for publication.

none,

1981-01-01

26

State of Maine Student Financial Aid Guide to Post-Secondary Education. 1979-1980.  

Science.gov (United States)

Financial aid information for residents of the State of Maine is presented in this booklet. Instructions for completing the College Scholarship Service Financial Aid Form are presented. The Basic Educational Opportunity Grants Program, the Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant Program, Maine State Incentive Scholarship Program, and the New…

Maine State Post-Secondary Education Commission, Augusta.

27

Evaluation of Special Education Projects in Career Education 1979-1980. Report No. 8126.  

Science.gov (United States)

The report contains a summary of conclusions and recommendations concerning career education programs for handicapped students in Philadelphia as well as a specific report for each of the six projects funded during the 1979-80 school year. The following projects are described: Consumer and Homemaking for Retarded Educables, Consumer and Homemaking…

Chern, Hermine J.; And Others

28

Study of mechanisms of hydrogen diffusion in separation devices. Third annual report, 1979-1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The main results are in the following three areas: (1) examination of a diffusion model for PdH system, (2) connection between the diffusion model and other physical models, (3) related problems. Advances made during the third year of this project, particularly in understanding the physical model for hydrogen diffusion, make it possible to begin to meet some of the long-range objectives described in the initial proposals of 1977-1978

29

Solar PV Industry in Jiangsu Province [China  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Jiangsu Province is a leading province in China both in terms of Solar PV application as well as its implementation. The Netherlands Business Support Office in Nanjing reports on the photovoltaic solar cell industry in Jiangsu Province with details on opportunities for foreign investors; applications of solar energy in the province; Chinese government; relevant organizations; and key Chinese players in this sector.

30

Brazilian structural provinces: An introduction  

Science.gov (United States)

The territory of Brazil coincides almost entirely with the South American Platform, the crystalline core of the continent. Its basement is composed of ancient metamorphic and igneous rocks and it has not suffered any tectonic regeneration since the beginning of the Phanerozoic. Sedimentary rocks with almost horizontal bedding cover this crystalline basement. This latter shows ages as old as Early Precambrian, although ages between 500 and 1000 m.y. are conspicuously frequent. The cratonic areas became consolidated more than 1700 m.y. ago, whereas the fold belts formed essentially between 500 and 1700 m.y. ago. The sedimentary cover accumulated from the Early Silurian in three large intracratonic basins, until the platform became completely stabilized. A Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous reactivation, caused by the break-up of the ancient Gondwana continent, created another basin sequence chiefly along the Atlantic continental margin. Based on the nature of the crystalline basement rocks and the sedimentary cover, ten structural provinces can be distinguished: Rio Branco Province, in the north of the country, occupied by the Guyana Shield and still only poorly known, with an important fold belt developed during the so-called Transamazonian Cycle (2000 ± 200m.y.) with high-grade metamorphic rocks and only slight influence of later events. Tapajós Province, in central Brazil, corresponding to the Amazonas or GuaporéCraton, showing chiefly Precambrian crystalline rocks and behaving as an cratonic area during the Phanerozoic. Sa˜o Francisco Province, located on the Atlantic Shield, with its basement covered by rocks of different ages, chiefly affected by the Brasiliano Cycle (between 1000 and 500 m.y.) and constituting another cratonic area. Tocantins Province, between the Amazonas and Sa˜o Francisco Cratons, with the oldest rocks in its centre (ages over 2600 m.y.), and at the eastern and western borders metamorphic sequences of various fold belts, and almost no Phanerozoic deposits. Mantiqueira Province, located along the southern part of the Atlantic coast, affected chiefly by the Brasiliano folding cycle. Borborema Province, in the northeast Brazilian fold belt, affected by the Brasiliano Cycle in a very complex way, and with important faulted zones. It was reactivated in Phanerozoic times, when also sedimentary covers accumulated. Amazonas Province, represented by the Amazonas sedimentary basin (syneclise), and subdivided into four parts by three important arcs. Parnaiba Province, coinciding with the Piauf — Maranha˜o syneclise, and filled with a rather thick sedimentary sequence. ParanáProvince, the sedimentary basin of southern Brazil, in which the well-known Late Paleozoic glaciation features are found, and which possesses an extensive cover of basaltic rocks of Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous age. Coastal Province and Continental Margin, the youngest structural unit, developed during the separation of the continent and represented by rift-valleys and coastal basins filled with Mesozoic-Cenozoic deposits of various kinds.

de Almeida, F. F. M.; Hasui, Y.; de Brito Neves, B. B.; Fuck, R. A.

1981-04-01

31

Neotectonics in the maritime provinces  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Seismic risk assessment in the Maritime Provinces requires input from not just historical, but also geological sources. A detailed search through published and unpublished geological literature reveals many examples - some probable, some possible -of neotectonic movement in the area. Examples range in tectonic significance from those that reflect exaggerated local imbalance to those that signify deep-seated stress. Evidence for neotectonism in the Maritimes is multidisciplined. It includes deformation in bedrock and quaternary deposits, and regional warping. Recent movement also is indicated by changes in relative sea level, in situ stress fields and geodetic fluctuations. Finally, and most unequivocally, neotectonism in the Maritime Provinces is manifested as the seismic events that have sporadically affected the area throughout its recent geological history, and continue up to the present day. 288 refs

32

THE CONGRESS IN PUNJAB PROVINCE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In order to study Indian National Congress in Punjab during 1900-1929, it is necessary to give an idea about the foundation and growth of Congress at all India level, without which the picture in different provinces about the growth of Congress activities would not be clear. The regional study is closely interlinked with the wider growth of All India National Congress. No picture of regional and local level organization can be properly constructed without forming a picture of National Level organization.

DR. MUMTAZ

2012-05-01

33

Aves, province of Guizhou, China.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We report our inventories of birds observed and collected at three field sites from the province of Guizhou,southeastern China. Our findings detailed herein complement our previous ornithological surveys from Guangxiprovince, as part of a comprehensive biotic survey of the region. Of 153 total bird species recorded, 17 were new for theprovince, among which several taxa of conservational importance, such as: Golden Pheasant Crysolophus pictus,Tawny Fish-Owl Ketupa flavipes, Black-breasted Thrush Turdus dissimilis, Fujian Flycatcher Niltava davidii, RedtailedLaughingthrush Garrulax milnei, and Slaty Bunting Latoucheornis siemsseni. These records provide the mostrecent insight into the current status of the habitats and the avian biodiversity of an important, yet sparsely surveyed andreported biogeographic region.

Chen, G.

2008-01-01

34

Analysis of the structural parameters that influence gas production from the Devonian shale. Annual progress report, 1979-1980. Volume II. Data repository and reports published during fiscal year 1979-1980: regional structure, surface structure, surface fractures, hydrology  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This volume comprises appendices giving regional structure data, surface structure data, surface fracture data, and hydrology data. The fracture data covers oriented Devonian shale cores from West Virginia, Ohio, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Kentucky. The subsurface structure of the Eastern Kentucky gas field is also covered. (DLC)

Negus-De Wys, J.; Dixon, J. M.; Evans, M. A.; Lee, K. D.; Ruotsala, J. E.; Wilson, T. H.; Williams, R. T.

1980-10-01

35

Potential uranium provinces in some arabian countries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This work represents an attempt to delineate potential uranium provinces in some Arabian countries using various related recognition criteria. Definition of these provinces is based on the available geologic and tectonic setting beside geochronological sequence and some geochemical characteristics. This trial would be of a great help for interchanging the ideas and necessary data for the development in the fields of uranium exploration and production. As a result of this study, a number of promising potential uranium provinces are recommended in some arabian countries. 5 figs

36

Combined macroscopic and microscopic approach to the fracture of metals. Technical annual progress report, 1979-1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The following results are reported: (1) extremely good theoretical-experimental correlation was found between our theoretical predictions based on asymptotic analysis with numerical finite element studies and the experimentally monitored crack growth for a large range of stable crack growth in 4140 steel; (2) a theoretical model was developed for the critical conditions of crack initiation at rigid particles as a precursor of ductile rupture in steels; (3) as part of environmentally sensitive fracture mechanisms, it was found that hydrogen can promote a ductile-to-brittle fracture transition with increasing charging current density in low carbon steel; and (4) a new variational principle has been established for the combined processes of plastic creep flow and grain boundary diffusion and has been constructively applied to the problem of cavity growth under creep conditions

37

Physico-chemical investigation of some areas of fundamental significance to biophysics. Annual report, 1979-1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

All projects listed in this report have been submitted for publication as journal articles or DOE reports. Projects include: McGlynn, S.P., Felps, W.S. and Scott, J.D., Molecular Rydberg Transitions. XVIII. Vibronic Doubling in Methyl Iodide; Findley, G.L. and McGlynn, S.P., The Generalized Genetic Code. A Modification of Code Universality; Findley, G.L. and McGlynn, S.P., Fundamental Spectroscopic Studies of Some Atmospheric Pollutants; McGlynn, S.P., Azumi, T. and Kumar, D., The Colors of Post-Transition-Metal Salts; Lewis, J.W., Nauman, R.V., Boulder, D.B., Jr. and McGlynn, S.P., Molecular Rydberg Transitions. XIX. Low-Energy Rydberg States of Azulene; Felps, W.S., Scott, J.D., and McGlynn, S.P., Molecular Rydberg Transitions. XX. Vibronic Doubling in Alkyl Bromides; Felps, W.S. and McGlynn, S.P., Molecular Rydberg Transitions. XXI. Intermediate Coupling in Simple Bromides; McGlynn, S.P. and Felps, W.S., Molecular Rydberg Transitions. XXII. The ? ? 4s Transition of ClCN; Chattopadhyay, S., McGlynn, S.P. and Findley, G.L., Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Phosphites, Phosphates and Substituted Phosphates; and Scott, John D., A Perturbed Linear Molecule Model for the Spectroscopy of Almost Linear Molecules

38

Combined macroscopic and microscopic approach to the fracture of metals. Technical annual progress report, 1979-1980  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The following results are reported: (1) extremely good theoretical-experimental correlation was found between our theoretical predictions based on asymptotic analysis with numerical finite element studies and the experimentally monitored crack growth for a large range of stable crack growth in 4140 steel; (2) a theoretical model was developed for the critical conditions of crack initiation at rigid particles as a precursor of ductile rupture in steels; (3) as part of environmentally sensitive fracture mechanisms, it was found that hydrogen can promote a ductile-to-brittle fracture transition with increasing charging current density in low carbon steel; and (4) a new variational principle has been established for the combined processes of plastic creep flow and grain boundary diffusion and has been constructively applied to the problem of cavity growth under creep conditions.

Asaro, R.J.; Gurland, J.; Needleman, A.; Rice, J.R.

1980-06-01

39

Disease pattern in Greenland: studies on morbidity in Upernavik 1979-1980 and mortality in Greenland 1968-1985.  

Science.gov (United States)

The disease pattern is described for the population of Upernavik, which is the administrative centre of a very large, sparsely populated municipality in North Western Greenland. The number of medical contacts per person was by and large similar in Upernavik and Denmark despite different health care systems, but the distribution of diagnoses was different. Persons with poor socioeconomic status (housing conditions and social group) were admitted to hospital more often than those with high status. Mortality in Greenland was studied using a computerized register of causes of death covering all deaths in residents of Greenland during 1968-1985. Age standardized mortality rate was twice as high in Inuit of Greenland as in the population of Denmark but five times higher in children. Mortality due to infectious diseases, ischaemic heart disease and certain accidents decreased during the period studied while mortality due to lung cancer, suicide and homicide increased. Regional differences in mortality were pronounced with high infant mortality and high mortality from acute infections and accidents in the socioeconomically poor settlements and remote districts. The suicide and homicide rates were highest in the capital and in the remote East Greenland. Compared with Denmark, mortality rates were higher in Greenland from most causes with ischaemic heart disease as an exception, being significantly less common in Greenland in both males and females. A comprehensive literature review describes the disease pattern in Greenland with special emphasis on the period after 1970. It is concluded that epidemiology can contribute to future health planning in Greenland and that research and development must be given high priority. Some major health problems facing the Greenlandic community are the high mortality from suicides and homicides, the prevalence of violence often triggered by alcohol, the many accidents, the high infant and child mortality and the high mortality from preventable cancers (lung and cervix). PMID:1883422

Bjerregaard, P

1991-01-01

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An Evaluation of Project LEAP, E.S.E.A. Title I Program of Medford, Massachusetts. 1979-1980.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report presents an evaluation of the Medford, Massachusetts, Language, Education, Acceleration Program (Project LEAP) for the 1979-80 school year. The first section presents findings of evaluator observations during program implementation. The second section reports findings from quantitative measures: standardized tests,…

Kaufman, Maurice; And Others

 
 
 
 
41

Analysis of Shannxi Province of Young Talents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Scientists is the key to stimulate economic progress. First, in Shannxi Province the paper describes the distribution of young technology rising star winners since 2009, second, it uses the SWOT method to analyze the status of these talents. Finally, it suggests the Shaanxi province government should protect the young scientists, providing them with the superior treatment, a favorable political environment and exceptional room for improvement.

Dong Xiaojing

2013-01-01

42

Projections for Tourism Investments in Karaman Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Touristic investments play an important role in marketing the tourism in Karaman province. The main reason whythis study is conducted in this region with a high tourism potential is that Karaman province does not have atourism investment guide prepared so far. Our projections will serve for this purpose. In this study, touristicfunction ratio, hotel management function ratio, product-market analysis, perception map throughmulti-dimensional scaling method and TOPSIS method have been used.

Mete Sezgin

2014-01-01

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Projections for Tourism Investments in Karaman Province  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Touristic investments play an important role in marketing the tourism in Karaman province. The main reason whythis study is conducted in this region with a high tourism potential is that Karaman province does not have atourism investment guide prepared so far. Our projections will serve for this purpose. In this study, touristicfunction ratio, hotel management function ratio, product-market analysis, perception map throughmulti-dimensional scaling method and TOPSIS method have been used.

Mete Sezgin; Semih Buyukipekci; Murat Gumus

2014-01-01

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The Opening of the Roads from Yunnan to Huguang Province Produced Great Influences on Economy of Yunnan Province  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Yuan Dynasty was an important period for Yunnan Province in history. The roads access to Huguang Province did not only promote the great development of the politics and economy of Yunnan Province, which actually surpassed any dynasty previous to it, but also strengthened the contacts with the inner parts of China, promoted the national amalgamation, and enhanced the centripetal force of Yunnan Province, finishing the situation of 500-year separation and leading the growth of Yunnan Province t...

Qianfang Shen

2010-01-01

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Epidemiology of Ectopic Pregnancy in Hamadan Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: The blastocyst implantation in any place other than uterus cavity endometrium is called ectopic pregnancy. The prevalence of ectopic pregnancy is different in various countries. This study has been conducted to investigate the epidemiology of ectopic pregnancy in Hamadan province during 2000-2010.Materials and Methods: The present study is a retrospective descriptive study. The data on 872 ectopic pregnancies were extracted by questionnaires from the files in the records department of hospitals and delivery centers in Hamadan province during 2000-2010. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the obtained data were analyzed using SPSS-16 software.Results: The frequency of ectopic pregnancy in Hamadan province during 2000-2010 was averagely 2.6 per 1000 pregnancies. Tubal pregnancy with 95.2% is the most prevalent type of ectopic pregnancy most of which had occurred in the right tube (52.4%. Most ectopic pregnancies (52.2% were in the age group of 25-34.Conclusion: The prevalence of ectopic pregnancy in Hamadan province during the mentioned years has been 2.6 in 1000 pregnancies, which is lower compared to many existing data. However, the prevalence of ectopic pregnancy in this province has increased over time, so that it has become 3.3 times as much from 2000-2010.

Fatemeh Shobeiri

2012-04-01

46

Pervalence of intestinal parasites in Ordu province  

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Full Text Available Objective: The epidemiology of intestinal parasites vary according to country’s geographic location, sociocultural structure and diet. An epidemiological study of intestinal parasites has not been observed in Ordu Province and around. The aim of this study was determining the intestinal parasites data of Ordu Provincial Health Directorate retrosrectively. Methods: Between January 2006 and December 2013 the data of the provinceal Health Directorate of Ordu were retrospectively evaluated. Results: 7194 positivity has been reported in the study. Quantitative distribution of the parasites were as follows; 3415 Enterobius vermicularis, 2802 Ascaris lumbricoides, 1182 Entamoeba histolytica, 705 Giardia intestinalis, 682 Taenia spp, 245 Hookworm infection, 22 Trichuris trichiura, 17 Fasciola hepatica and 12 Strongiloides stercoralis. Conclusion: As a result intestinal parasites in Ordu Province is a major public health problem.

Ülkü Karaman

2014-06-01

47

[Terrestrial gastropods from Misiones Province, Argentina].  

Science.gov (United States)

The Atlantic Forest represents one of the global priority eco-regions for biodiversity conservation. In Argentina, this is represented by the Paranense Forest, which occupies much of the Misiones Province. In this paper, an updated list of land mollusks from Misiones Province is presented, and its species richness was evaluated comparing protected and unprotected areas. For this, we reviewed La Plata Museum Mollusk Collection, updated the literature review, and developed some field work between 2009 and 2010. For the areographic work, a grid (50 x 50 km) was applied to a Misiones province map. In this region, large areas of native vegetation constituting the Paranaense Forest still persist, and include protected areas such as the Iguazú National Park and Puerto Peninsula Provincial Park. These areas have been the most explored at the malacological level (both terrestrial and aquatic environments), a fact that is consistent with the greater number of records found, which may also be the explanation for the highest number of species recorded in the region. A database containing 497 records was compiled. The number of species occurring in this Province was increased from 28 to 56; 11 of which were exotic species. A total of 38 of the species occurred in protected areas and 53 in unprotected areas; and 25 species were micro-mollusks. Orthalicidae was the family with the highest species number (10) and the widest distribution, occupying 16/20 sampling units. Megalobulimus was the genus found in a greater number of sampling units (14/20). The highest values of specific richness of land gastropods were found in Northern Misiones (R=32). This richness was similar to that previously reported for the Tucumán Province, although species occurring in both provinces were mostly different. The richness in Misiones Province border areas, as the Republic of Paraguay and the state of Santa Catarina (Brazil), was about twice that found in the province. The present study showed the existence of poorly explored areas at malacological level, especially in Central and Eastern Misiones. Data presented here will allow focus future sampling efforts on such areas, so patterns of species distribution can be better defined. PMID:24432532

Gregoric, Diego Eduardo Gutiérrez; Núñez, Verónica; Vogler, Roberto Eugenio; Beltramino, Ariel Aníbal; Rumi, Alejandra

2013-12-01

48

Chikungunya Outbreak in Guangdong Province, China, 2010  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A disease outbreak with dengue-like symptoms was reported in Guangdong Province, China, in October 2010. Testing results confirmed that the pathogen causing the outbreak was chikungunya virus. Phylogenic analysis indicated that this virus was a member of the Indian Ocean clade of the East/Center/South African subgroup of chikungunya virus.

Wu; Wu, Jie; Zhang, Qiaoli; Zhong, Haojie; Ke, Changwen; Deng, Xiaoling; Guan, Dawei; Li, Hui; Zhang, Yonghui; Zhou, Huiqiong; He, Jianfeng; Li, Linghui; Yang, Xingfen

2012-01-01

49

Paederus dermatitis in Najaf province of Iraq.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Paederus dermatitis is a common skin condition in Najaf province. The awareness of this condition among the medical practitioners will aid in the early diagnosis and prompt treatment of the disease. Also, overall public awareness can help decrease the incidence of Paederus dermatitis.

Muhsin A. Al-Dhalimi

2008-10-01

50

Identification of uranium provinces in Brazil  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Trends in the identification and initial characterization of three Precambrian uranium provinces are discussed. The criteria used were the geotectonics setting, the association with post-tectonic intrusive granites, metamorphic grade, regional fractures and uranium anomaly clusters. The large extension of crust involved and the uneven distribution of information on uranium occurrences plus the frequent overlap of tectonic domains along mobile belts make it difficult to determine certain province boundaries. The Borborema province in NE Brazil, with an area of 600,000 km2, is the most conspicuous. It contains many occurrences and substantial uranium resources in the RAR category. It is considered highly favourable for further discoveries. Also identified was the time-bound character of the uranium mineralizations with the Precambrian basement lithologies related to the Transamazonian (2200-1800 Ma) and Brasiliano (650-450 Ma) tectonic cycles. The most noticeable geochemical phenomena are a calc-alkaline metasomatism which enriched the fertile rocks with NaO, CaO and Fe2O3 (plus U, P and light REE) and a related decrease in SiO2 and K2O. Sodium enrichment up to 12% is observed, for example, in the mineralized granites of the Caico Group. The possible relationship between the provinces with crustal structures is also presented. (author). 26 refs, 11 figs, 6 tabs

51

Sedimentary rocks Uranium in Cerro Largo Province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

With the aim of the uranium minerals exploration has been carried out several studies by UTE technicians in Cerro Largo Province from 1968 to 1969. In uranium concentration has been found pyrite, phosphate, iron oxides and manganese in uranium. Furthermore in La Divisa Ore were studied concentration Uranium enrichment has been studied in La Divisa ore

52

Cogeneration opportunities in the maritime provinces  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

With the arrival of natural gas in New Brunswick in November 1999, the province will be faced with new power generation development opportunities in four different categories of power projects. These include industrial self generation (including cogeneration), merchant power plants, power projects to replace aging facilities, and power projects to help meet future environmental needs. New Brunswick's competitive advantage in harnessing the power generation development opportunities lies in the fact that it is close to major electricity markets in Quebec and New England. It also has many available generation sites. The province's many pulp and paper plants with large process steam needs are also ideal candidates for cogeneration. Some of the major competitive advantages of natural gas over coal are its lower operation and maintenance costs, it is thermally more efficient, produces lower emissions to the environment and prices are competitive. One of the suggestions in New Brunswick Power's new restructuring proposal is to unbundle electricity service in the province into generation and transmission and distribution services. Three gas-fired projects have already been proposed for the province. The 284 MW Bayside Power Project at the Courtenay Bay Generating Station is the most advanced

53

Studies on uranium metallogenic provinces in Canada  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Studies on uranium metallogenic provinces in Canada consist of basic descriptive investigations (lithostratigraphic, structural, mineralogic, geochemical); development of conceptual genetic models of various types of uranium deposits; and delineation of environments favourable for occurrence of uranium deposits. Results of these observations are in turn used for evaluation of undiscovered uranium resources

54

Income and Well-Being across European Provinces  

Science.gov (United States)

The majority of studies investigate the effect of income on life satisfaction at either individual or country level. This study contributes with analysis at the (sub-national) province level across West European countries. I use a unique dataset Eurobarometer 44.2 Bis that is representative of province populations in a multilevel model. Provinces

Okulicz-Kozaryn, Adam

2012-01-01

55

Coal comprehensive utilization is the gateway for Shanxi Province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Shanxi Province is abundant in coal reserve. Taiyuan Coal Gasification Corporation is a large sized union enterprise engaged in comprehensive use of coal in Shanxi province, and significant economic, social, environmental benefits have been brought forth with it. This leads people to believe that coal comprehensive utilization is the gateway for Shanxi Province in the fields of improvement of environment and development of economy

56

Coal comprehensive utilization is the gateway for Shanxi Province  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Shanxi Province is abundant in coal reserve. Taiyuan Coal Gasification Corporation is a large sized union enterprise engaged in comprehensive use of coal in Shanxi province, and significant economic, social, environmental benefits have been brought forth with it. This leads people to believe that coal comprehensive utilization is the gateway for Shanxi Province in the fields of improvement of environment and development of economy.

Ma, L.; Gui, G. [Taiyuan Coal Gasification Corp. (China)

1997-12-31

57

Response to Intervention (RTI) in the Province of Saskatchewan  

Science.gov (United States)

Response to Intervention (RTI) is at a beginning stage in the Saskatchewan province as well as in other parts of Canada. One needs only to enter RTI and the names of any of the Canadian provinces into any widely used search engine to see the marked difference in the availability of information about RTI when the Canadian provinces and individual…

Kemp-Koo, Debra; Claypool, Tim

2011-01-01

58

The Opening of the Roads from Yunnan to Huguang Province Produced Great Influences on Economy of Yunnan Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Yuan Dynasty was an important period for Yunnan Province in history. The roads access to Huguang Province did not only promote the great development of the politics and economy of Yunnan Province, which actually surpassed any dynasty previous to it, but also strengthened the contacts with the inner parts of China, promoted the national amalgamation, and enhanced the centripetal force of Yunnan Province, finishing the situation of 500-year separation and leading the growth of Yunnan Province to a new stage.

Qianfang Shen

2010-08-01

59

Maritime Provinces Staphylinidae (Coleoptera: Addenda and Corrigenda  

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Full Text Available Majka and Klimaszewski (2010 surveyed the Aleocharinae fauna of the Maritime Provinces of Canada, reporting that 203 species were known in the region. They also added 16 new provincial records from the region. Inadvertently, they neglected to provide new provincial records of three species that were indicated as occurring in Nova Scotia in Table 1 (pp. 23-33 of their results. This omission is rectified below wherein Gyrophaena modesta Casey, Gyrophaena subnitens Casey, and Placusa vaga Casey are all newly recorded as occurring in Nova Scotia. Klimaszewski et al. (2010, pp. 77 also erroneously reported Tachyporus nitidulus as occurring in Prince Edward Island. There are no records of this adventive Palaearctic species from the province, although it is more widely distributed in Nova Scotia than hitherto reported. Additional records of T. nitidulus are provided of from Nova Scotia.

Christopher Majka

2011-09-01

60

Colleges and Universities in Hunan Province  

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Full Text Available This study is to probe into the market development and management mode of colleges and universities in Hunan province, which it is very important to utilize the stadiums resources and promote economic development. Literature, questionnaire survey and the analysis of the data are used. The results show that the market development of stadiums is conducted in the majority of stadiums (80% of colleges and universities in Hunan province. But only a small part of stadiums are developed in the process of market development of stadiums and a large number of stadiums are not in use. The main reason is that there are no good management teams in the market development, leading to much problems in the process of management, this study attempts to put forward many reasonable proposals, aiming at problems.

Wang Jinliang

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Macrofungal Diversity of Erzincan Province (Turkey  

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Full Text Available The present study was carried out on macrofungi collected from Erzincan province between 2006 and 2007. The macroscopic and ecological features of macrofungi were recorded in field. The specimens were taken to laboratory. The microscopic data and the identification of macrofungi were carried out in the laboratory using related literature and mycological techniques. According to the field and laboratory investigations 191 taxa belonging to 33 families and nine orders in Pezizomycetes and Agaricomycetes classis were determined. All of the taxa are new to the province. Nine taxa are determined as new records for Turkish mycobiota. The new records are Helvella latispora Boud., Conocybe pubescens (Gillet Kühner, Coprinus strossmayeri Schulz. Coprinus vosoustii Pilát, Leccinum atrostipitatum A.H. Sm. Thiers and Watl., Entoloma poliopus var. parvisporigerum Noordel., Psathyrella friesii Kits v Wav., Russula dryadicola Fellner and Landa and Russula silvicola Shaff.

Kenan Demirel

2010-01-01

62

Tabanidae (Insecta: Diptera Fauna of Düzce Province  

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Full Text Available This faunistic study was carried out in Düzce province of Turkey in 2000, 2002 and 2007 years and 26 species belonging to Tabanidae family of Diptera were determined. The species; Chrysops caecutiens (L., 1761, C. flavipes Meig. 1804, Hybomitra ciureai (Seguy, 1937, Atylotus fulvus (Meig.,1820, A. loewianus (Vill., 1920, A. quadrifarius (Lw., 1874, Tabanus armeniacus (Kröb., 1928, T. autumnalis L., 1761, T. bifarius Lw., 1858, T. briani Lecl., 1962, T. bromius L., 1761, T. cordiger Meig., 1820, T. eggeri Schi., 1868, T. fraseri Aust., 1925, T. glaucopis Meig., 1820, T. indrae Haus., 1939, T. maculicornis Zett., 1842, T. sudeticus Zell., 1847, T. tergestinus Egg., 1859, T. miki Br., 1880, T. quatuornotatus Meig., 1820, T. spodopterus Meig., 1820, T. unifasciatus Lw., 1858, Philipomyia aprica (Meig., 1820; Haematopota italica Meig., 1804, H. pandazisi (Kröb., 1936. The species which have been identified except Tabanus bifarius are the first records for the province.

Ferhat Altunsoy

2010-06-01

63

Earthquake Studies In Oaxaca Province, Mexico  

Science.gov (United States)

GEM Systems and UNAM of Mexico operate a potassium Supergradiometer with sub pT sensitivity in Oaxaca Province in an attempt to study local earthquakes. Recently a study of the past records reveals precursors to moderate earthquakes (4.2 and 4.7) in the vicinity of the instrument (20 - 35 km. distance to hypocenters). The search and analysis of data continues, and we will report case histories with some details.

Hrvoic, I.; Wilson, M.; Lopez, F. G.; Cifuentes-Nava, G.; Hernandez, E.; Cabral, E.

2010-12-01

64

Macrofungal Diversity of Erzincan Province (Turkey)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present study was carried out on macrofungi collected from Erzincan province between 2006 and 2007. The macroscopic and ecological features of macrofungi were recorded in field. The specimens were taken to laboratory. The microscopic data and the identification of macrofungi were carried out in the laboratory using related literature and mycological techniques. According to the field and laboratory investigations 191 taxa belonging to 33 families and nine orders in Pezizomycetes an...

Kenan Demirel; Ali Keles

2010-01-01

65

Ground-water provinces of Brazil  

Science.gov (United States)

As part of a study of the status of investigations and development of ground water in Brazil, made under the auspices of the United States International Cooperation Administration and with the cooperation of the Government of Brazil, the country was divided into seven ground-water provinces. The identification and delineation of the provinces were based on the regional distribution of the dominant geologic units which are known or inferred to have distinctive water-bearing characteristics. Three of the provinces, covering most of the country, are underlain by Precambrian crystalline rocks. Three others coincide in part with four extensive sedimentary basins--the Parnaiba or Maranhfio basin and the contiguous Sao Francisco basin in the northeast and east, the Amazon basin in the north and northwest, and the Paranfi basin in the south and southwest. In addition, the narrow, discontinuous coastal plain is considered as a province. the occurrence of ground water is discussed briefly, and pertinent data are given on the more important aquifers, together with information on some existing wells. Because of the widespread distribution of crystalline rocks of low permeability, it is difficult in many areas to develop large or even adequate ground-water supplies. In general, satisfactory supplies of water are available in most of the rest of the country. Some problems include the relative deficiency of rainfall in the northeast together with the occurrence, in parts of this region, of mineralized water in the crystalline rocks. Also, there is a potential problem of excessive lowering of water levels and interference among wells in the intensively developed area of the city of Sao Paulo.

Schneider, Robert

1962-01-01

66

The mutual teaching in Cisplatine Province  

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Full Text Available This article investigates the creation of the Lancasterian School of mutual teaching, which was established in Montevideo, in 1821, under the auspices of the Lancasterian Society. In that period, Sacramento Colony, the named Cisplatine Province, was parte for Braziliam Empire. Such establishement constituted onde of the first creation acts of a oficial teaching sistem base don the mutual teaching method in Brazilian Empire.

Elomar Antonio Callegaro Tambara

2011-09-01

67

Pannonian Basin Province, Central Europe (Province 4808) -Petroleum Geology, Total Petroleum Systems, and Petroleum Resource Assessment  

Science.gov (United States)

This report deals with the Pannonian Basin Province of Central Europe and summarizes the petroleum geology, which was the basis for assessment, and presents results of that assessment. The Pannonian Basin Province consists of a large compound extensional basin of Neogene age overlying Paleogene basins and interior elements of the greater Alpine foldbelt. Within it, six total petroleum systems (TPS) are defined and six assessment units established for estimation of undiscovered oil and gas resources. Other speculative TPSs were identified but not included for quantitative assessment within this study.

Dolton, Gordon L.

2006-01-01

68

Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) Fauna of Qom Province, Iran  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: There is very little information about the mosquito fauna of Qom Province, central Iran. By now only three species; Anopheles claviger, An. multicolor, and An. superpictus have been reported in the province. To study mosquito fauna and providing a primary checklist, an investigation was carried out on a collection of mosquitoes in this province.Methods: To study the mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) fauna, larval collections were carried out from different habitats on 19 occasions usi...

Saghafipour, A.; MR Abai; Farzinnia, B.; Nafar, R.; Ladonni, H.; Azari-hamidian, S.

2012-01-01

69

Province of Ontario nuclear emergency plan. Pt. 1  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Province of Ontario Nuclear Emergency Plan has been developed pursuant to Section 8 of the Emergency Plans Act, 1983. This plan replaces the Province of Ontario Nuclear Contingency Off-Site Plan (June 1980) which is no longer applicable. The wastes plan includes planning, preparation, emergency organization and operational responsibilities and policy

70

Preliminary subsurface hydrologic considerations: Columbia River Plateau physiographic province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Subsurface hydrologic conditions in the Pacific Northwest are strongly controlled by the structural and stratigraphic framework of subregions. A significant portion of the Pacific Northwest is underlain by the Columbia River Plateau basalt sequence. This discussion is limited to hydrologic conditions as they relate to the Columbia River Plateau physiographic province and specifically to the Pasco Basin in the central part of the province

71

Regional metallogenic features of uranium deposit in southern Jiangxi Province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Metallogenic features of different types of uranium deposit in southern Jiangxi Province are summarized. It is considered that uranium metallogenesis in southern Jiangxi Province is characterized by multi-phases and multi-stages. It is suggested that controlling factors on regional uranium metallogenesis are mainly uranium-rich metamorphic basement, uranium-rich magma and faults. (authors)

72

Measuring Convergence using Dynamic Equilibrium Models: Evidence from Chinese Provinces  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

We propose a model to study economic convergence in the tradition of neoclassical growth theory. We employ a novel stochastic set-up of the Solow (1956) model with shocks to both capital and labor. Our novel approach identifies the speed of convergence directly from estimating the parameters which determine equilibrium dynamics. The inference on the structural parameters is done using a maximum-likelihood approach. We estimate our model using growth and population data for China’s provinces from 1978 to 2010. We report heterogeneity in the speed of convergence both across provinces and time. The Eastern provinces show a higher tendency of convergence, while there is no evidence of convergence for the Central and Western provinces. We find empirical evidence that the speed of convergence decreases over time for most provinces.

Pan, Lei; Posch, Olaf

2012-01-01

73

Molecular Epidemiology of Reemergent Rabies in Yunnan Province, Southwestern China  

Science.gov (United States)

Yunnan Province in China borders 3 countries (Vietnam, Laos, and Myanmar) in Southeast Asia. In the 1980s, a large-scale rabies epidemic occurred in this province, which subsided by the late 1990s. However, 3 human cases of rabies in 2000 indicated reemergence of the disease in 1 county. In 2012, rabies was detected in 77 counties; 663 persons died of rabies during this new epidemic. Fifty two rabies virus strains obtained during 2008–2012 were identified and analyzed phylogenetically by sequencing the nucleoprotein gene. Of the 4 clades identified, clades YN-A and YN-C were closely related to strains from neighboring provinces, and clade YN-B was closely related to strains from Southeast Asia, but formed a distinct branch. Rabies virus diversity might be attributed to dog movements among counties, provinces, and neighboring countries. These findings suggest that Yunnan Province is a focal point for spread of rabies between Southeast Asia and China. PMID:25144604

Zhang, Hai-Lin; Zhang, Yu-Zhen; Yang, Wei-Hong; Tao, Xiao-Yan; Li, Hao; Ding, Ji-Chao; Feng, Yun; Yang, Du-Juan; Zhang, Juan; He, Jiang; Shen, Xin-Xin; Wang, Li-Hua; Zhang, Yun-Zhi; Song, Miao

2014-01-01

74

Molecular epidemiology of reemergent rabies in Yunnan Province, southwestern China.  

Science.gov (United States)

Yunnan Province in China borders 3 countries (Vietnam, Laos, and Myanmar) in Southeast Asia. In the 1980s, a large-scale rabies epidemic occurred in this province, which subsided by the late 1990s. However, 3 human cases of rabies in 2000 indicated reemergence of the disease in 1 county. In 2012, rabies was detected in 77 counties; 663 persons died of rabies during this new epidemic. Fifty two rabies virus strains obtained during 2008-2012 were identified and analyzed phylogenetically by sequencing the nucleoprotein gene. Of the 4 clades identified, clades YN-A and YN-C were closely related to strains from neighboring provinces, and clade YN-B was closely related to strains from Southeast Asia, but formed a distinct branch. Rabies virus diversity might be attributed to dog movements among counties, provinces, and neighboring countries. These findings suggest that Yunnan Province is a focal point for spread of rabies between Southeast Asia and China. PMID:25144604

Zhang, Hai-Lin; Zhang, Yu-Zhen; Yang, Wei-Hong; Tao, Xiao-Yan; Li, Hao; Ding, Ji-Chao; Feng, Yun; Yang, Du-Juan; Zhang, Juan; He, Jiang; Shen, Xin-Xin; Wang, Li-Hua; Zhang, Yun-Zhi; Song, Miao; Tang, Qing

2014-09-01

75

Human myiasis in Fars Province, Iran.  

Science.gov (United States)

We evaluated the prevalence and consequences of human myiasis among people involved in animal husbandry and butchers among 6 counties in Fars Province, Iran using a descriptive cross sectional survey. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to evaluate knowledge, community perceptions and practices. Three hundred two herders shepherds and butchers were included in the study. Eighty-eight point three percent of subjects had experienced myiasis during their job experiences. Seventy-one point five percent had become infected in barns. Pharyngeal myiasis was reported by 87% of subjects. The most likely cause of myiasis in subjects was the sheep botfly, Oestrus ovis (Diptera: Oestridae). Age and job experiences did not have an effect on the knowledge and practice regarding myiasis of subjects. Academic educational level had no significant effect on knowledge but did have a significant effect on practices. A myiasis education program needs to be created to better control and prevent this problem. PMID:23431828

Akbarzadeh, Kamran; Rafinejad, Javad; Alipour, Hamzeh; Biglarian, Akbar

2012-09-01

76

Medicinal plants used in Kirklareli Province (Turkey).  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, 126 traditional medicinal plants from Kirklareli Province in Turkey have been reported. One hundred and twenty six plant species belonging to 54 families and among them 100 species were wild and 26 species were cultivated plants. Most used families were Rosaceae, Labiatae, Compositae and the most used plants were Cotinus coggyria, Sambucus ebulus, Achillea millefolium subsp. pannonica, Hypericum perforatum, Matricaria chamomilla var. recutita, Melissa officinalis subsp. officinalis, Juglans regia, Thymus longicaulis subsp. longicaulis var. subisophyllus, Malva sylvestris, Urtica dioica, Plantago lanceolata, Rosa canina, Ecballium elaterium, Artemisia absinthium, Viscum album subsp. album, Papaver rhoeas, Helleborus orientalis, Cydonia oblonga, Prunus spinosa subsp. dasyphylla, Rubus discolor, Sorbus domestica. A total of 143 medicinal uses were obtained. The traditional medicinal plants have been mostly used for the treatment of wounds (25.3%), cold and influenza (24.6%), stomach (20%), cough (19%), kidney ailments (18.2%), diabetes (13.4%). PMID:17257791

Kültür, Sükran

2007-05-01

77

Human rabies epidemiology in Shandong Province, China.  

Science.gov (United States)

Rabies has reemerged in China. National rabies surveillance is centralized and based mainly on six provincial stations, including one in Shandong Province, which are selected and monitored by the China CDC. Data collection includes human rabies cases (diagnosed by local hospitals on the basis of signs or symptoms), documentation of post-exposure prophylaxis, primary laboratory diagnosis of suspect animal cases, and investigation of dog or other animal bites in viral transmission. Of the 408 human rabies cases reported during the period 2003-2007, most involved middle-aged male farmers bitten by their own unvaccinated dogs, with a seasonal peak in the autumn. These data provide key pointers regarding rabies prevention and control based upon an objective evidence-based framework. PMID:20858997

Wang, Xianjun; Ding, Shujun; Li, Zhong; Wang, Liansen; Kou, Zengqiang; Feng, Kaijun; Wang, Lijuan; Wu, Xianfu; Rupprecht, Charles E

2010-09-01

78

South Korea: An overlooked hydrocarbon province  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A forthcoming well about to spud off South Korea is planned to test the potential of an essentially unexplored rift basin. Should the well prove successful, it could open up a major new hydrocarbon producing province with substantial reserves. The well is being drilled in Block V which covers 7,000 sq km. is divided into two parts, and lies about 150 km south of the Korean peninsula close to Cheju Island. The larger Northern Block overlies the Fukue basin, which is a linear graben system oriented northeast-southwest. The Fukue basin is equivalent in size to the South Viking graben of the North Sea and the existence of a restricted marine source rock and play types at several stratigraphic levels helps to reinforce such a comparison Seismic mapping has revealed five prospects with combined most likely reserves of more than 1 billion bbl. The paper describes the basin evolution, source and migration of petroleum, reservoir and seals, and well location.

Sturt, D.C.; Quinton, N.A. (Dragon Oil plc, Harpenden (United Kingdom))

1993-11-01

79

Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae Fauna of Qom Province, Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: There is very little information about the mosquito fauna of Qom Province, central Iran. By now only three species; Anopheles claviger, An. multicolor, and An. superpictus have been reported in the province. To study mosquito fauna and providing a primary checklist, an investigation was carried out on a collection of mosquitoes in this province.Methods: To study the mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae fauna, larval collections were carried out from different habitats on 19 occasions using the standard dipping technique during spring and summer 2008 and 2009.Results: In total, 371 mosquito larvae were collected and morphologically identified including 14 species representing four genera: Anopheles claviger, An. marteri, An. turkhudi, An. superpictus, Culex arbieeni, Cx. hortensis, Cx. mimeticus, Cx. modestus, Cx. pipiens, Cx. territans, Cx. theileri, Culiseta longiareolata, Cs. subochrea, and Ochlerotatus caspius s.l. All species except for An. claviger and An. superpictus were collected for the first time in the province. All larvae were found in natural habitats. The association occasions and percentages of the mosquito larvae in Qom Province were discussed.Conclusion: There are some potential or proven vectors of different human and domesticated animal pathogens in Qom Province. The ecology of these species and the unstudied areas of Qom Province need to be investigated extensively.

A Saghafipour

2012-06-01

80

Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae Fauna of Qom Province, Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: There is very little information about the mosquito fauna of Qom Province, central Iran. By now only three species; Anopheles claviger, An. multicolor, and An. superpictus have been reported in the province. To study mosquito fauna and providing a primary checklist, an investigation was carried out on a collection of mosquitoes in this province.Methods: To study the mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae fauna, larval collections were carried out from different habitats on 19 occasions using the standard dipping technique during spring and summer 2008 and 2009. Results: In total, 371 mosquito larvae were collected and morphologically identified including 14 species representing four genera: Anopheles claviger, An. marteri, An. turkhudi, An. superpictus, Culex arbieeni, Cx. hortensis, Cx. mimeticus, Cx. modestus, Cx. pipiens, Cx. territans, Cx. theileri, Culiseta longiareolata, Cs. subochrea, and Ochlerotatus caspius s.l. All species except for An. claviger and An. superpictus were collected for the first time in the province. All larvae were found in natural habitats. The association occasions and percentages of the mosquito larvae in Qom Province were discussed.Conclusion: There are some potential or proven vectors of different human and domesticated animal pathogens in Qom Province. The ecology of these species and the unstudied areas of Qom Province need to be investigated extensively.

A Saghafipour

2012-06-01

 
 
 
 
81

An Attempt to Construction of Seismotectonic Province Map  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A seismotectonic province is a kind of seismic source where, in general, seismic characteristics are assumed to be uniform. It is different from earthquake-generating geological structures such as faults or folds. It is an area or a zone where earthquakes diffusely occur but no specific geological structure is identified to be responsible for those earthquakes. The terminology, a seismotectonic province is originated from a tectonic province of U.S. federal code, with emphasis on earthquakes. The seismotectonic province is called the seismogenic source in the regulatory guides of U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and the zone of diffuse seismicity in a guide of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). In Korea, existing seismotectonic province maps were constructed based on the geological information due to insufficient earthquake data. As understood in its name, however, a seismotectonic province map should be based on the seismic information. Moreover, it should be noted that the Korean (geologic) tectonic structures cannot correctly represent the current tectonic regime because they were formed before the Cenozoic. In this context, we attempted to construct a seismotectonic province map by using seismic and geophysical information as well as geologic information

82

Political Ideology and Economic Freedom across Canadian Provinces  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper examines how political ideology influenced economic freedom in the Canadian provinces. We analyze the dataset of economic freedom indicators compiled by the Fraser Institute in 10 Canadian provinces over the 1981-2005 period and introduce two different indices of political ideology: government and parliament ideology. The results suggest that government ideology influenced labor market reforms: market-oriented governments promoted liberalization of the labor market. Parliamentary ideology did not influence economic liberalization at all. This finding (1) identifies differences between leftist and rightwing governments concerning the role of government in the economy and (2) indicates that ideological polarization concerns governments but less parliamentary fractions in the Canadian provinces

BjØrnskov, Christian; Potrafke, Niklas

2009-01-01

83

Contribution on the Tabanidae (Diptera Fauna of Antalya Province  

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Full Text Available In this study, carried out 35 species in Antalya province. Totally 35 species, belonging Tabanidae were determined. The species Silvius alpinus, Chrysops viduatus, Atylotus loewianus, Tabanus atropathenicus, T. bifarius, T. cordiger, T. darimonti, T. glaucopis, T. leleani, T. lunatus, T. maculicornis; T. miki, T. portschinski, T. prometheus, T. spodopteroides, T. tinctus, T. sudeticus, Hemotopota italica, H. ocelligera, H. pallens, and H. subcylindrica are the first records for this province. The total number of determined species in Antalya province reaches to 52 with the result of this study and the previous studies.

Ferhat Altunsoy

2010-12-01

84

Study on Logistics Center Site Selection of Jilin Province  

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Full Text Available Based on the introduction of the concepts of logistics and logistics center, this paper analyzed the status and problems of Jilin Province’s logistics center, and proposed the steps, principles and factors for site selection of logistics center. Then by listing and comparing nine kinds of logistics center site selection method, including Analytic Hierarchy Process, Cluster Algorithm, Genetic Algorithm, Weight Grade Method, P-Median Method, System Simulation Method, Fuzzy quality function method, Dijkstra Method, we chose the best site selection method, namely the center of gravity method. Finally, this paper found out the exact logistics center location of Jilin Province with the center of gravity method.

Xiaohui Liu

2012-08-01

85

The Circum-Hellas Volcanic Province, Mars.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Circum-Hellas volcanic province (CHVP), with an area of >4.86 x 106 km2, is comparable in size to the Elysium volcanic province and contains some of the oldest volcanic materials on Mars. We used new studies of imaging (HRSC, THEMIS, MOC, HiRISE, CTX), multispectral (HRSC, OMEGA), topographic (MOLA) and gravity data to build on many previous studies to better understand the formation and evolution of the volcanic materials in and around the Hellas impact basin. The CHVP includes six central vent volcanoes (Tyrrhena, Hadriaca, Amphitrites, Peneus, Malea, and Pityusa Paterae) and neighboring wrinkle-ridged plains in Malea Planum, Hesperia Planum, western Prometheii Terra, and the eastern Hellas basin floor. Crater counts on THEMIS daytime-IR images show a spread in volcanic emplacement model ages between Middle- and Late-Noachian to Early- and Middle-Hesperian, in which the central vent volcanic units range from 4.0 Ga for Tyrrhena Patera to 3.6 Ga for Amphitrites Patera, and the volcanic plains units range from 3.8 Ga for Hellas floor units to 3.4 Ga for flows in SE Malea Planum. Volcanic activity most likely ceased by ~1 Ga, unlike in the Tharsis province where volcanism could have been as recent as the last few tens of million of years. Water and ice have had a significant role in the formation and modification the volcanic units in the CHVP, likely in response to obliquity-derived climate change. For example, the low slopes, well-channeled flanks, and smooth caldera floors (at tens of meters/pixel scale) of Tyrrhena, Hadriaca, and Amphitrites Paterae are indicative of volcanoes formed from poorly-consolidated pyroclastic deposits that have been modified by fluvial and aeolian erosion and deposition. Our analysis of surface materials shows that the thermal inertia decreases from north to south in the CHVP, and that there is greater dust cover on the flanks of the CHVP volcanoes than in their putative calderas. Local variations in thermal inertia in Malea Planum are likely due to variations in surface material caused by aeolian and periglacial/permafrost processes, whereas regional variations are likely due to seasonal deposition and sublimation of ice at higher latitudes. Spectral analysis of OMEGA data indicates the widespread presence of pyroxenes and/or olivine, particularly in the rims of craters that likely excavated volcanic materials. Derivation of modal mineralogies from OMEGA data show minor variations in composition across the CHVP: Olivine decreases from 11 to <5 wt% and ratios of low-calcium to total pyroxene decreases from 0.36 to 0.15 from south to north. These variations could represent differences in magma source regions for different parts of the CHVP, or difference in the degree of chemical alteration of exposed deposits with latitude.

Williams, D. A.; Greeley, R.; Manfredi, L.; Fergason, R. L.; Poulet, F.; Ody, A.

2011-12-01

86

Ocean anoxia and large igneous provinces  

Science.gov (United States)

Earth's history is marked by multiple events of ocean anoxia developing along continental margins and potentially into the open ocean realm. These events often coincide with the emplacement of large igneous provinces (LIPs) on continents, major perturbations of global geochemical cycles and marine (mass) extinction. The geographic and temporal extend and the intensity (ferruginous vs. euxinic) of anoxic conditions is often, however, poorly constraint. This complicates understanding of close coupling between Earth's physical, chemical and biological processes. We studied ocean redox change over two major mass extinction events in Earth history, the Permian-Triassic (at ~252 Ma) and Triassic-Jurassic (at ~201.3 Ma) mass extinctions. Both extinction events are marked by a major perturbation of the global exogenic carbon cycle (and associated major negative carbon isotope excursion (CIE)), likely initiated by carbon outgassing of the Siberian Traps and the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP), respectively. We compare Permian-Triassic and Triassic-Jurassic ocean redox change along continental margins in different geographic regions (Permian-Triassic: Greenland, Svalbard, Iran; Triassic-Jurassic: UK, Austria) and discuss its role in marine mass extinction. We show strongly enhanced sedimentary redox-sensitive trace element concentrations (e.g. Mo) during both events. However, increased Permian-Triassic values are in all localities distinctly delayed relative to the associated negative CIE. Triassic-Jurassic values are only delayed in the oceanographically restricted western Germanic basin (UK) while increased Mo-values in the north-western Tethys Ocean (Austria) directly match the onset of the associated negative CIE. Speciation of iron [giving (Fe-HR/ Fe-T) and (Fe(Py)/ Fe-HR)] in the Triassic-Jurassic western Germanic basin (UK) however shows close coupling between the onset of the global carbon cycle perturbation and a shift to anoxic and even euxinic conditions. Delayed molybdenum enrichment in this basin suggests strong initial depletion of the molybdenum reservoir. Triassic-Jurassic molybdenum drawdown does however occur in more well-connected marine basins along continental margins. Iron speciation and delayed Mo-enrichments along Permian-Triassic continental margins in different geographic regions suggest more widely, potentially global ocean, molybdenum drawdown and more widespread ocean anoxia. Further, our data shows that anoxic (and euxinic) conditions directly matches extinction of marine organisms, suggesting ocean anoxia as contributor to marine ecosystem collapse.

Ruhl, Micha; Bjerrum, Christian J.; Canfield, Donald E.; Korte, Christoph; Stemmerik, Lars; Frei, Robert

2013-04-01

87

The Analysis of Current Status of Industrial Enterprises in Jilin Province  

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This paper carried out dynamic analysis of industrial enterprises in Jilin Province, through the analysis suggests development strategy. It will provide a basis for decision-making and strong support for the harmonious development of Jilin Province.Key words: Industrial enterprises; Jilin Province; Jilin Province development strategy

Zheng, Liwen

2012-01-01

88

Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones. Part II. Bushehr Province.  

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Full Text Available The Bushehr Province of Iran contains the type localities of three scorpion taxa, Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889, Orthochirus iranus Kova?ík, 2004, and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900. Apart from them, Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807, Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905, Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880, Odontobuthus bidentatus Lourenço & Pézier, 2002, Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903, and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1862 have also been known to occur in the province. Collections made by a team under Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran reveal four additional species recorded from the province for the first time: Buthacus macrocentrus (Ehrenberg, 1828, Compsobuthus jakesi Kova?ík, 2003, Orthochirus farzanpayi (Vachon & Farzanpay, 1987, and Orthochirus stockwelli (Lourenço et Vachon, 1995. In addition, Compsobuthus persicus sp. n. is described as a species new to science, bringing the total species count to 14. A key to all species of scorpions found in Bushehr Province is presented.

Soleglad, M.E.

2008-04-01

89

Bovine trypanosomosis in north province of cameroon  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The results of the examination of 2959 bovine blood samples collected from four divisions of North Province of Cameroon showed a prevalence of 1.72 for T. brucei, 0.98 for T. congolense and 4.03 for T. vivax using parasitological techniques, such as the buffy coat technique (BCT) and the microhaematrocrit centrifugation technique (MHCT). Prevalence rates in tsetse infested areas were higher than in tsetse free areas for T. brucei and T. congolense, but not for T. vivax. The Antigen ELISA was used to detect trypanosomal antigens in serum samples of a subset of the same animals. By using the Ag-ELISA many more animals were detected positive for T. brucei and T. vivax, but not for T. congolense, than when just the two parasitological techniques were used. As a matter of fact 90% of the T. brucei infections were detected by the Ag-ELISA and 10% by using either the BCT or the MHCT. (author).6 refs, 5 figs, 6 tabs

90

Dinoflagellates of the Trentino Province, Italy  

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Full Text Available The Trentino Province (Italy has more than 320 lakes diverse in size, geological substrate, altitude and trophic status, and representing most physico-chemical types of temperate lakes. A recent research project (SALTO offered the opportunity to study the dinoflagellate flora of 27 of these water bodies representing all lake types. In this paper 34 taxa of dinoflagellates assigned to eight genera (Ceratium, Glenodiniopsis, Glochidinium, Gymnodinium, Gyrodinium, Peridinium, Peridiniopsis and Tovellia in five families (Ceratiaceae, Glenodiniopsidaceae, Gymnodiniaceae, Peridiniaceae and Tovelliaceae and four genera of uncertain collocation (Baldinia, Borghiella, Durinskia and Staszicella are described. Two previously undescribed species and two new combinations are also included. Classification is based in part on Popovsk´y and Pfiester (1990, modified according to the results of recent molecular and ultrastructural analyses. Dinoflagellate taxonomy is currently undergoing extensive revision, and taxonomic decisions in the present article follow the recent orientations in dinoflagellate systematics. The taxonomical issues of the more problematic genera are discussed. Where appropriate, comments on ecological features of the species are also given.

Giovanna FLAIM

2007-08-01

91

Chihuahua City uranium province, Chihuahua, Mexico  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Three uranium districts and many uranium occurrences and anomalies constitute the Chihuahua City uranium province. The districts are: (1) Pena Blanca, in ignimbrites and volcaniclastics, some initial geological studies have been undertaken; (2) Sierra Gomez, in carbonates, preliminary geological studies accomplished; (3) San Marcos, in caldera margin ignimbrites, preliminary geological studies accomplished. The Chihuahua City region lies on a hinge line between a stable cratonic block on the west and a more mobile zone to the east. This characteristic has been present repeatedly through the Phanerozoic. Within the last 100 million years, subduction occurred from the west, with the formation of the lower volcanic series of the Sierra Madre, followed by tensional environments and upper volcanic series caldera flare-up. Basin and Range-Rio Grande Rift tectonism is a post-29 million years phenomenon. Chemical analyses for 152 lithogeochemical samples from 12 different geological families and for 171 stream sediment samples (36 and 32 chemical species, respectively) are summarized. The Pena Blanca uranium deposits are believed to have been formed from source rock of 30 million years, with approximately 18 to 20 ppm U; the uranium was transported eastwest from the Sierra del Nido block via clastic and solution processes. These materials within the Ojo Laguna Graben, with its high heat flow, were pressure cooked. Epithermal-geothermal systems using these heated waters as their source solutions moved hydrologically southeastward through Pena Blanca range faults to favourable precipitation sites in the Pena Blanca deposits of Margaritas and Nopal I. (author)

92

?-Globin gene mutations in Isfahan Province, Iran.  

Science.gov (United States)

?-Thalassemia (?-thal) encompasses a spectrum of mutations including deletion and point mutations on the ?-globin chains that is characterized by a reduction or complete absence of ?-globin genes. Most of the ?-thal cases are deletions involving one (?(+)) or both (?(0)) ?-globin genes, although point mutations (?(T)? or ??(T)) are found as well. In this study, 314 individuals with low hematological values, normal Hb A2 who were not affected with ?-thal or iron deficiency, were investigated for the presence of ?-thal mutations. The most common deletion was -?(3.7) (rightward) with a frequency of 70.7%, followed by ?(-5 nt) (-TGAGG) (8.7%), -?(4.2) (leftward) (4.7%), the polyadenylation signal (polyA2) site (AATAAA?>?AATGAA) (4.2%), -(?)(20.5) (3.8%), Hb Constant Spring [Hb CS, ?142, Stop?Gln; HBA2: c.427T?>?C] (2.9%), polyA1 (AATAAA?>?AATAAG) and ?(codon 19) (GCG?>?GC-, ?2) (16%), and -?-(MED) (0.9%). The results of this study may be valuable for designing a plan for carrier screening, premarital genetic counseling, prenatal diagnosis (PND) and reducing excessive health care costs to an affordable level in Isfahan Province, Iran. PMID:24826792

Karamzade, Arezo; Mirzapour, Hadi; Hoseinzade, Majid; Asadi, Sara; Gholamrezapour, Tahere; Tavakoli, Parvaneh; Salehi, Mansoor; Selebi, Mansoor

2014-01-01

93

Tsunami damage in Aceh Province, Sumatra  

Science.gov (United States)

The island of Sumatra suffered from both the rumblings of the submarine earthquake and the tsunamis that were generated on December 26, 2004. Within minutes of the quake, the sea surged ashore, bringing destruction to the coasts of northern Sumatra. This pair of natural-color images from Landsat 7's Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) instrument shows a small area along the Sumatran coast in Aceh province where the tsunami smashed its way ashore. In this region, the wave cut a swath of near-total destruction 1.5 kilometers (roughly one mile) in most places, but penetrating farther in many others. Some of these deeper paths of destruction can be seen especially dramatically in the larger-area ETM+ images linked to above. (North is up in these larger images.) ETM+ collects data at roughly 30 meter resolution, complimenting sensors like NASA's MODIS (onboard both Terra and Aqua satellites) which observed this area at 250-meter resolution to give a wide view and ultra-high-resolution sensors like Space Imaging's IKONOS, which observed the same region at 4-meter resolution to give a detailed, smaller-area view. NASA images created by Jesse Allen, Earth Observatory, using data provided courtesy of the Landsat 7 Science Project Office

2004-01-01

94

ICT Strategic Planning for Mazandaran Province  

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Full Text Available Today, regarding rapid changes in the environment, any organization, institution or country that overlooks its capabilities, strengths and weaknesses, will face real challenges. Strategic planning in organizations is a common response to these challenges which also facilitate achieving goals in an organization. Today, the importance of ICT is increased, which necessitates ICT strategic planning to use ICT in organizations. So, this study aimed to propose ICT strategic plans for Mazandaran province. For this end, at first using stakeholders' viewpoints, the vision, mission and goals are provided. Then, Internal & External Matrix was suggested and identified factors were ranked using Analytic Network Processing (ANP. Then, concerning strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats, and using SWOT analysis, ICT strategies were provided. Finally, using QSPM matrix, the strategies were ranked. Regarding this ranking, dedicated budget to ICT in governmental organizations, using integration architecture, developing organizational and inter-organizational information systems, developing mechanisms to absorb national and local financial resources for extending ICT infrastructures and finally concerning ICT trainings for managers and people, were in the top of the list.

Mohammad Reza Shojaie

2012-02-01

95

[Tungiasis acquired in Chaco Province, Argentina].  

Science.gov (United States)

A four-year old girl and her mother were assisted at the Hospital de Clínicas for 0.7 cm wide papules with a black central core and a white hyperkeratotic halo of fourteen days of development. The girl presented these lesions on the second and fourth toe of one of her feet, and her mother on the ankle. Among the known antecedents were a trip to Chaco Province and their habit of walking barefooted. After the papule incision, both antiseptic treatment and cleaning of the lesion, were performed. The exudate extracted from the wound was sent to the Parasitology laboratory for diagnosis. With low-power amplification (100 X), portions of an arthropod with numerous characteristic Tunga penetrans eggs were identified. The patients received antibiotic therapy and tetanus immunization. Tungiasis, which originated in America, is a cutaneous parasitosis caused by Tunga penetrans. In endemic areas, it is advisable to wear shoes in order to avoid the penetration of the flea into the skin. The presence of this flea should be suspected whenever hyperkeratotic papules with a black central core appear, mainly in the sub and periungual areas, soles, ankles and/or heels of the feet. PMID:19831312

Menghi, C I; Comunale, E; Gatta, C L

2009-01-01

96

Pangasinan province survey for heavy minerals  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Sediment and panned heavy mineral survey were conducted in the province of Pangasinan in Luzon Island for a cumulative period of 1 1/2 months in 1983. A total of 40 stream sediments and 125 panned heavy mineral concentrates were obtained along active rivers and streams draining into the Lingayen Gulf and Luzon Sea. The minus 80 mesh sediment fractions and non-magnetic portions of the heavy minerals were analyzed for total uranium using delayed neutron activation analysis techniques. Results indicated that uranium values ranged from 0.1 ppm to 1.4 ppm and 0.1 ppm to 23.2 ppm for the stream sediments and heavy minerals respectively. The uranium values obtained in the stream sediments were considered to be within the range of the average uranium concentrations in northwestern Luzon. However, uranium values in the heavy minerals, in general, were higher than the values obtained in northwestern Luzon. One uranium anomally area was found in San Carlos. (author)

97

The geology of the Litchfield province, N.T  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

mation and Depot Creek Sandstone, and Cambro-Ordovician sandstones of the Daly River Basin. The formation boundaries in the Litchfield province are not particularly confused or complicated, nor are the igneous lithologies particularly diverse. There is no evidence for an Archaean age for the part of the Litchfield province north of the Daly River, and it is thus proposed that the term 'Litchfield Complex' should be abandoned. (author)

98

Large Igneous Province Volcanism, Ocean Anoxia and Marine Mass Extinction  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Past global marine mass extinction events are often linked to terrestrial Large Igneous Province (LIP) volcanism, but exact mechanisms driving extinction are often not well constrained. We studied two of Earth’s largest mass extinction events, at the Triassic-Jurassic (~201.4 Ma) and Permian-Triassic (~252 Ma) boundaries, which coincide with Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) and Siberian Trap volcanism, respectively. The Triassic-Jurassic mass extinction is often contributed to carb...

Ruhl, Micha; Bjerrum, Christian J.; Canfield, Donald; Korte, Christoph; Stemmerik, Lars; Frei, Robert

2013-01-01

99

The Application of Carbon Footprint Analysis in Hunan Province  

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Full Text Available Based on interpreting carbon footprint’s definition and its effecting factors, making positive analyses by using the data of cities in Hunan Province from 2005 to 2009, this paper constructs the calculating model of carbon footprint and analyses the relationship between carbon footprint and population, economy development level, industrial structure and energy structure. Meanwhile, on the basis of above analyses, this paper puts forward effective ways to advance the low-carbon development of Hunan Province from four aspects.

Bing YI

2014-04-01

100

Strategies Formulation for Championship Sports In Zanjan Province  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this research is to design and develop strategies of championship sports in Zanjan Province- Iran. Here, the descriptive methodology would be applied based upon the case study. The Statistical population includes the physical education professors, the managers of Physical Education departments, educated coaches and M.A students in the province. The statistical sample encompasses 36 individuals selected totally due to limited Statistical population. To collect the data, we used ...

Nasser Taghibigloo; Mehdi Kohandel; Hossein Darbani; Akbar Heidary

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Parasitic Infections of Free –Range Chickens from Golestan Province, Iran  

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"nBackground: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, intensity, and species of internal and external parasites of native fowls from Golestan Province, north of Iran. "nMethods: During 2007, different organs of 26 and 24  adult female native fowls  collected   from hu­mid parts (Gorgan, Kord Kooy, Ramian and Bandar Gaz) and dry regions  (Gonbad Kavoos, and Ban­dar Torkaman) of Golestan Province,  respectively were searched for parasite. Two blood smears taken from each ...

Rahbari, S.; Ghaemi, P.; Eslami, A.

2009-01-01

102

Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part VI. Lorestan Province.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Ten species of scorpions belonging to three families are reported from the Lorestan Province of Iran. Of these, five species are recorded from the province for the first time: Hottentotta zagrosensis Kova?ík, 1997; Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889); Orthochirus iranus Kova?ík, 2004; Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903); and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900). One new species is described, Hottentotta lorestanus sp. n.; it can be easily distinguished from the other four species ...

Navidpour, Shakhrokh; Nayebzadeh, Hassan H.; Soleglad, Michael E.; Fet, Victor; Kovar?i?k, Frantis?ek; Kayedi, Mohammad Hassan

2010-01-01

103

Epidemiology of drowning in Isfahan province, center of Iran  

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  • BACKGROUND: Drowning is a preventable cause of morbidity and  ortality. We studied drowning deaths in Isfahan province, focusing on the activity victims were involved in and the setting of the incident.
  • METHODS: Retrospective analysis was done on all drowning deaths  eferred to Legal Medicine Organization of Isfahan province over a period of 5 years from 1 January 2002 to 31 Dec...

    Ardeshir Sheikhazadi; Mohammad Hasan Ghadyani

    2009-01-01

104

Who thrives – and gets bored – in the province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Recently, I’ve happened to learn from a lot of articles, websites, and TV shows that the Italians – though I guess the same holds for other European countries – are escaping from cities to find their sanctuary in the province. Major reason is said to be the search for a better quality of life. So be it. Readers might be tempted – or forced – to infer that the province allows for better lifestyle. But better than what?

Alessandro Castelli

2007-12-01

105

The Development Measures of Circular Economy in Jilin Province  

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The development of circular economy is the strategic choice of Jilin Province to improve overall competitiveness. This article described specific measures of the development of circular economy in Jilin Province from five aspects as follows: the building of circular economy industrial park and business groups, the development of modern agriculture, improve the utilization of water resources, as well as the construction of laws and regulations.

Juan Zhang

2010-01-01

106

Hospital Preparedness of Semnan Province to Deal with Disasters  

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Introduction: Hospitals are major health service places which deal with disasters and whose preparedness and offering on time services play vital role in reduction of injuries and death. This research was conducted to determine preparedness of hospitals in Semnan province to deal with disasters (2010). Methods: In this practical, cross-sectional study, all head managers of hospitals in Semnan Province were selected through the census method, and a questionnaire comprising 40 questions and a c...

Mohammad Amiri; Gholamreza Mohammadi; Ahmad Khosravi; Reza Chaman; Mohsen Arabi; Elham Sadeghi; Mehrdad Kalatejari

2011-01-01

107

Flora of soil fungi in Khuzestan province\\\\\\'s oil regions  

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Full Text Available   Introduction: Many Species of fungi with ability to metabolize of petroleum hydrocarbons are known so far. These fungi are resistant in oil contaminated sites.This investigation aims at studying fungal population diversity in oil contaminated soils of Khuzestan province and identifying fungal flora in these regions .   Materials and methods: Crude oil contaminated soil samples were collected from different regions of Khuzestan province. For isolation and enumeration of total heterotrophic fungi, Potato Dextrose Agar medium supplemented with streptomycine was used. The isolated fungi were identified via morphological studies, staining by lactophenol cotton blue, observation with a light microscope and comparing with descriptive and canonizative refereces .   Results: Total fungal counts ranged from 0.41 × 102 to 3333.33 × 102 CFU/g. Isolated fungi belong to Aspergillus, Penicillium, Fusarium, Candida, Rhodotorula, Aureobasidium, Mucor, Rhizopus and Acremonium. Most dominant genera were Aspergillus and Penicillium .   Discussion and conclusion : Studies on isolation of fungi in oil containing environments showed that, abundance and fungal diversity in different stations significantly were different. The increase in the number of fungi in crude oil soils showes the probability of degradation and consumption of oil contaminated by fungi. Diversity and distribution of soil microbial population are determined by a number of environmental factors such as pH, electrical conductivity and soil organic matter .  

vida dawoodi

2014-07-01

108

The Teles Pires volcanic province: A paleogeoproterozoic silicic-dominated large igneous province in southwest Amazon craton and tectonic implications  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) are important features of the Earth history especially recognized during Paleo to Mezosoic times when they are related to the break up of supercontinents (Coffin and Eldhom, 1994). These provinces occur in several different tectonic settings such as volcanic passive margins, submarine ridges and continental and oceanic plateaux. Mafic-dominanted provinces are the most well known among the LIPs and the best examples are the Karoo, Kerguelem and Ontong-Java. LIPs including an important silicic component have been described in some basaltic provinces of southern Africa (Milner et al. 1992). More recently, silicic-dominated LIPs have been recognized in eastern Australia (Bryan et al., 2000), in southern South America (Pankhurst et al. 1998) and in Antartica Penninsula (Riley and Leat, 1999). The common characteristics of this kind of LIP include: 1) large volume of silicic rocks with dominance of ignimbrites, 2) active over 40 to 50 m.y.; and 3) spatially and temporally associated with plate break up. In this paper we present the main geologic and geochronologic characteristics of the Teles Pires volcanic province from southwest Amazon Craton, which allow its classification as a Paleoprotorozoic silicic-dominated LIP. Geologic implications of this suggestion includes the existence of a large cratonic plate as old as 1.81Ga for the Amazon Craton, therefore the proposed 1.85-1.55 Ga magmatic arc of Rio Negro-Juruena Province should be reviewed (au)

109

Primary care morbidity in Eastern Cape province  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Primary health care in rural South Africa is predominantly provided by remote clinics and health centres. In 1994, health centres were upgraded and new health centres developed to serve as a health care filter between community clinics and district hospitals. AIM: To describe the spectru [...] m of clinical problems encountered at a new health centre in an area of high economic deprivation and compare this with an adjacent community clinic and district hospital. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: A rural clinic, health centre and district hospital in Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. METHODS: The International Classification of Primary Care-2 (ICPC-2) was used to code data collected over a 13-week period from patients presenting at a community clinic, health centre and district hospital. RESULTS: Altogether, 4 383 patient encounters were recorded across all three sites. Most contacts at the clinic (97%) and the health centre (80%) were with a nurse. Females over 15 years of age comprised over half of all contacts at health facilities (53%). The most common diagnosis category was respiratory (23%). Cough was the most common symptom. Thirty per cent of children up to 5 years of age were seen for immunisations. Most childhood immunisations (79%) were carried out at the health centre. CONCLUSION: Of all the health care facilities surveyed, the health centre had the highest throughput of patients, indicating that the health centre is an efficient filter between the community and hospital. The ICPC-2 can be successfully used to monitor encounters at similar African health care facilities.

Valerie, Brueton; Parimalarani, Yogeswaran; Jimmy, Chandia; Khaya, Mfenyana; Bernadette, Modell; Michael, Modell; Irwin, Nazareth.

110

Epidemiology of cancer in Mazandaran province 2006  

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Full Text Available (Received 11 April, 2009 ; Accepted 8 July, 2009AbstractBackground and purpose: Cancer is the second most common cause of death in developed countries and third in less developed countries. The incidence of the different histological types of cancer varies greatly between various populations and is attributed to occupational, social, cultural, racial, and geographic influences. The objective of this study was to determine and register all cases of cancer among population of Mazandaran province, during the year of ????.Materials and methods: Characteristics of all registered malignancies were obtained from records in histopathology and radiology clinical, hospitals and deaths certificated in Mazandaran using the International Classification of Disease (ICD, with data being analyzed using ASR, Excel and spss soft ware.Results: A total of ?.??? patients with cancers were found during this study. These, ?.??????.???? were males and ?.??? (??.??%? females. Age standardized rate (ASR for all cancers in males and females were ?1?.????????? and ???.????????? Respectively. The most common malignancies among females were breast (??.????? skin (??.????, colon and rectum cancers (??.????.In men, stomach (42.41??, skin (??.???? and esophagus (?.???? were the most common cancers respectively. Infiltrating duct carcinoma, was the most common histopathological types of tumors (69.???? in breast cancer. The most common morphology in stomach cancer was adenocarcinoma, (??.????.Conclusion: Distribution of malignant disorders in our population is different from other regions. Therefore, it appears necessary to have a valid health policy for prevention. Consequently, it is necessary to have a valid health policy for prevention and control of this problem.Key words: J Mazand Univ Med Sci 2009; 19(72: 61-65 (Persian.

Faezeh Norouzi Nejad1

2009-01-01

111

Primary care morbidity in Eastern Cape province  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Primary health care in rural South Africa is predominantly provided by remote clinics and health centres. In 1994, health centres were upgraded and new health centres developed to serve as a health care filter between community clinics and district hospitals. AIM: To describe the spectru [...] m of clinical problems encountered at a new health centre in an area of high economic deprivation and compare this with an adjacent community clinic and district hospital. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: A rural clinic, health centre and district hospital in Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. METHODS: The International Classification of Primary Care-2 (ICPC-2) was used to code data collected over a 13-week period from patients presenting at a community clinic, health centre and district hospital. RESULTS: Altogether, 4 383 patient encounters were recorded across all three sites. Most contacts at the clinic (97%) and the health centre (80%) were with a nurse. Females over 15 years of age comprised over half of all contacts at health facilities (53%). The most common diagnosis category was respiratory (23%). Cough was the most common symptom. Thirty per cent of children up to 5 years of age were seen for immunisations. Most childhood immunisations (79%) were carried out at the health centre. CONCLUSION: Of all the health care facilities surveyed, the health centre had the highest throughput of patients, indicating that the health centre is an efficient filter between the community and hospital. The ICPC-2 can be successfully used to monitor encounters at similar African health care facilities.

Valerie, Brueton; Parimalarani, Yogeswaran; Jimmy, Chandia; Khaya, Mfenyana; Bernadette, Modell; Michael, Modell; Irwin, Nazareth.

2010-05-01

112

Report on intercomparison run A-9/1 for the determination of 89Sr, 90Sr and 137Cs in liquid milk (1979-1980)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To provide laboratories dealing with the determination of radionuclides in milk with an opportunity of checking their analytical performance, participants were asked to determine 89Sr, 90Sr and 137Cs at the nCi/1 level in simulated milk samples. Although 32 laboratories participated in this intercomparison not all of them determined all 3 radionuclides. A total of 95 laboratory means, based on 381 individual results, were reported. The ''true'' (input) values after dilution to 5 litres (details of the procedure, etc. are given) were 1.524+-0.049 nCi.1 for 89Sr, 0.874+-0.019 nCi/1 for 90Sr, and 1.044+-0.021 nCi/1 for 137Cs. The uncertainties of these values are the sums of the systematic and the statistical uncertainties (confidence level 99%). The results of the determination of 90Sr, the most important radionuclide for radiation protection and the most difficult to determine, seem to be somewhat more accurate than obtained previously (1975 and 1976). The methods of determining 90Sr in milk are appear generally quite reliable. However, more effort would seem needed to increase the accuracy of the determination of 90Sr and 137Cs in milk at these activity levels

113

Comparisons of obesity assessments in over-weight elementary students using anthropometry, BIA, CT and DEXA  

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Obesity was characterized in Korean elementary students using different obesity assessment tests on 103 overweight elementary students from three schools of Jeonbuk Province. The body mass index (BMI) and obesity index (OI) were compared, and the data using DEXA and CT were compared with the data using BIA and a tape measure. The results of this study are as follows: first, 27 students who were classified as obese by OI were classified as overweight by BMI, and 3 students who were classified ...

Yu, Ok-kyeong; Rhee, Yang-keun; Park, Tae-sun; Cha, Youn-soo

2010-01-01

114

Municipal solid waste management in Kurdistan Province, Iran.  

Science.gov (United States)

Kurdistan Province, with an area of 28,203 square kilometers, is located in a mountainous area in the western part of Iran. From 1967 to 1997, the urban population in the major eight cities of the Kurdistan Province-namely, Baneh, Bijar, Divan Darreh, Saghez, Sanandaj, Ghorveh, Kamyaran, and Marivan-increased from 102,250 to 705,715. The proportion of the population residing in urban areas increased 90 percent during this period. In most of the cities, solid waste handling remains primitive, and well-organized procedures for it have not been established. Traditional methods of disposal, with marginal inclusion of modern conveniences, appear to be the common practice. In general, the shortcomings of the prevailing practices can be summarized as follows: The municipal solid waste management systems (MSWMSs) in this province include unsegregated collection and open dumping of municipal solid wastes. Separation of municipal solid waste in this province is in the hands of scavengers. The MSWMSs in this province lack essential infrastructure. Thus, design and implementation of modern MSWMSs in this province are essential. Principal criteria for and methods of implementing these systems are as follows: (1) rationally evaluating all functional elements so that they operate in a steady-state or equilibrium manner; (2) creating all support elements for the MSWMS in each city; (3) introducing gradual privatization of MSWMS activities; (4) creating guidelines, regulations, and instructions for all elements of MSWMSs; and (5) giving priorities to source separation and recycling programs. This paper reviews the present status of MSWMSs in eight major cities of Kurdistan Province and outlines the principle guidelines and alternatives for MSWMSs. PMID:17390903

Abduli, Mohammad Ali; Nasrabadi, Touraj

2007-03-01

115

A new family programme in Zhejiang province.  

Science.gov (United States)

Zhejiang Province in China has promoted a new family planning program since April 1993. The program stresses delayed marriage and childbearing, fewer and healthier births, modernization of family life, and prosperity through hard work. The people are receptive to the new program out of a desire for an improved standard of living. The objective is to build small, modern families who 1) practice deferred marriage and childbearing; 2) voluntarily practice family planning and have no unplanned births; 3) practice avoidance of consanguineous marriage, become sterilized if a carrier of a hereditary disease of chromosomal abnormality, and use premarital education and counseling and proper prenatal care; 4) uphold the laws and maintain discipline in action to avoid criminal behavior; 5) establish families that respect the old, care for children, and help their neighbors; 6) complete 9 years of compulsory education; and 7) create well being through hard work. The program is compatible with the strategy of the "three stresses" and an integrated approach. IEC and service provision are important components in program implementation. The target population are the masses and grassroots cadres, particularly those in the childbearing ages. IEC will be directed in different ways to different groups. Those aged 18-35 years will receive education. Face to face interaction with family planning workers and lectures will be directed to grassroots cadres. The mass media will be employed to reach the masses. The messages will include information and persuasion to adopt new families, accept family planning regulations, and learn about contraceptive use, healthy births and childrearing, education, health care, sex education, and income generation skills. Classes will be conducted for groups, such as teenagers, unmarried youth, pregnant women, and lactating women. Priority will be given to couples that accept the certificates for one child; favoritism will be granted for allocation of housing; acceptance in kindergartens and schools, employment, and military positions; and receipt of business licenses and poverty aide. Sterilization will be rewarded with longer paid leave and subsidies. Services will include contraceptive provision and follow-up, infertility treatment, gynecological check-ups, sex education, old age pensions, premarital counseling, and other quality services. PMID:12346835

Xu, B

1994-04-01

116

Fire Behavior in Pelalawan Peatland, Riau Province  

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Full Text Available During dry season it is easily recognized that smoke will emerge at certain place both in Sumatra and Kalimantan that is in peatland. The worst situation occurred when fire burnt buried log in the logged over area where the fire fighter did not have any experience and knowledge on how to work with fire in peatland. Finally it had been found that one of the reasons why firefighter failed to fight fire in peatland is because they do not have any knowledge and experience on it. In order to know the fire behavior characteristics in different level of peat decomposition for fire management and sustainable management of the land for the community, research done in Pelalawan area, Riau Province, Indonesia, during dry season 2001. Three level of peat decomposition named Sapric, Hemic, and Fibric used. To conduct the research, two 400 m2 of plot each was established in every level of the peat decomposition. Burning done three weeks following slashing, cutting and drying at different time using circle method. During burning, flame length, rate of the spread of fire, flame temperature and following burning fuel left and the depth of peat destruction were measured. Results of research shown that in sapric site where sapric 2 has fuel load 9 ton ha-1 less than sapric 1, fire behavior was significantly different while peat destructed was deepest in sapric 2 with 31.87 cm. In hemic site where hemic 2 has fuel load 12.3 ton ha-1 more than hemic 1, fire behavior was significantly different and peat destructed deeper than hemic 1 that was 12.6 cm. In fibric site where fibric 1 has fuel load 3.5 ton ha-1 more than fibric 1, fire behavior was significantly different that has no burnt peat found. This results found that the different fuel characteristics (potency, moisture, bed depth, and type at the same level of peat decomposition will have significantly different fire behavior as it happened also on the depth of peat destruction except fibric. The same condition occurred in the fire behavior at different level of peat decomposition.

BAMBANG HERO SAHARJO

2006-01-01

117

Environmental factors of urinary stones mineralogy, Khouzestan Province, Iran  

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Urinary stone diseases in the Khouzestan province (southwest Iran) are growing in number and it required extensive studies on various factors of the urinary stones formation in this province. In this research, in addition to distribution of urinary stones in different areas of province, the role of bioenvironmental (race), climate (temperature) and geology (water hardness) factors in urinary stones diversity has been studied. Mineralogical studied using X-ray diffraction showed that uricite and whewellite are the most frequency mineral phases. Struvite, Cystine, hydroxyapatite, weddellite, and Niahite can be observed as urinary stones, too. These data show that the urinary stone in the Khouzestan province can divide into 7 groups: calcium oxalate, phosphate, calcium oxalate/ phosphate, Urate, Urate/calcium, Urate/calcium oxalate/phosphate, Cystine/calcium oxalate. Also the results which attained from temperature effect investigation on the mineralogy of urinary stones, confirms that from Mediterranean sub-humid climates (northeastern area) to warm and dry climates (south and southwest area), calcium oxalate stones and urate stones concentration decreases and increases respectively. Comparison of data related to the drinking water hardness and mineralogy of urinary stones in different areas of Khouzestan province show that the combination of drinking water (especially water hardness) affects mineralogy of urinary stones in some areas (such az Ramhormoz and Hendijan). Finally, the data suggest that frequency of calcium oxalate in women is more than that of men. Moreover, there is direct relationship between the age (>45 years) and the increase in frequency of Urate minerals.

Zarasvandi, Alireza; Carranza, E. J. M.; Heidari, Majid; Mousapour, Esmaeil

2014-09-01

118

[The mosquito fauna of Smolensk and Kaluga provinces].  

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The mosquitos collected in Smolensk and Kaluga provinces in 1985 by the expedition team of the D. I. Ivanovski? Institute of Virology were identified by V. N. Danilov in 1986. Among the females of mosquitos collected in Smolensk Province four genera and 16 species were recorded; two genera (Culiseta, Mansonia) and 9 species were new ones for this region. Taking in account the reference data (excluding Anopheles hircanus and Aedes behningi, the presence of which here is doubtful) there 22 species of mosquitos of five genera (Anopheles--3, Aedes--16, Mansonia, Culiseta, Culex--one of each) are recently known in Smolensk Province. Among the females of mosquitos collected in Kaluga Province, two genera and 8 species were found including one genus (Mansonia) and three species being a new ones for this region. Together with the reference data, there 17 species of mosquitos of four genera (Anopheles--2, Aedes--13, Mansonia, Culex--one of each) are known now for Kaluga Province. PMID:10862400

Gornostaeva, R M

2000-01-01

119

Radiological characterisation of Artvin and Ardahan provinces of Turkey  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Indoor radon concentration measurements were carried out and corresponding annual effective doses due to exposure to indoor radon were determined in Artvin and Ardahan provinces located in the eastern part of Turkey. The measurements were performed for four seasons in order to determine the seasonal fluctuations mostly observed in indoor environments. Indoor radon concentration values were observed to range from 21 to 321 Bq m-3 for the Artvin province and from 53 to 736 Bq m-3 for the Ardahan province. It was observed that minimum indoor radon concentration values were obtained in summer, while the highest ones were observed in winter. Indoor radon concentration values of the current study were compared with those of other provinces in Turkey. As elevated indoor radon concentrations are mostly correlated with high 238U activity concentrations in soil, a total of 57 and 33 soil samples were collected from the Artvin and Ardahan provinces, respectively, to determine 238U activity concentration as well as the concentration of 232Th and 40K-naturally occurring radionuclides. It was also observed that soil samples collected from the study areas contained 137Cs as an artificial radionuclide. (authors)

120

Gamma background radiation in Yazd province; a preliminary report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

There are relatively rich uranium mines in regions of Saghand and Bafgh in Yazd province. This survey was carried out to provide a map of ambient gamma radiation of Yazd province and the probable effects of the existence of these mines on background radiation dose rates. Materials and methods: The measurements of the outdoor and indoor-environmental exposures (including cosmic and terrestrial components) were accomplished by a portable Geiger Muller detector in the five areas in each of eight big cities of Yazd province. Results: the average exposure rates of indoor and outdoor ambient of Yazd province were 13.9 k± 0.7 v?Rh-1 and 11.6 k 0.8 v?Rh-1 respectively. The average dose rates in air, resulting from gamma background radiation of indoor and outdoor were 122 ?± 6.8 nSvh-1 and 101.4 ?± 7.4 nSvh-1 respectively. The annual average of equivalent dose in air was found to be 1.03 k 0.05 mSv, and the annual average of effective dose was 0.72 mSv. Conclusion: The results of this study in comparison with the same measurements in some other cities in Iran such as lsfahan and Tabriz, proves that the existence of Uranium mines doesn't affect gamma background radiation of Yazd province

 
 
 
 
121

An Evaluation of Meteorological Drought in Fars Province  

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Full Text Available Drought can occur at such times when variables such as rainfall depth, run-off, soil moisture, etc. show a deficiency, or variables such as temperature show an increase, or when ground water level shows a decrease in comparison with the average level. Therefore, drought can be evaluated with respect to agricultural, meteorological, or hydrological variability. In this research, considering the meteorological aspects, the method by Herbst et al., later modified by Mohan and Rangacharia, was applied in drought evaluation in Fars Province, Iran. Monthly rainfall measurements over a period of 21 years for 51 stations obtained from Fars Regional Water Board, were used in the analysis. Maps showing lines of iso-duration and iso-intensity lines were developed for the province. Based on the results, northeast, southeast, south, and southwestern parts of the province have the highest potential for being affected by drought events.

A.R. Sepaskhah

2002-01-01

122

Contribution to the Tabanidae (Insecta: Diptera Fauna of Kayseri Province  

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Full Text Available As a result of study in Kayseri province subfamily Pangonine depending 1 species, subfamily Chrysopsinae depending 3 species and subfamily Tabaninae depending 36 species. Totally 40 species, belonging Tabanidae were determined. The species Chrysops caecutiens, Atylotus fulvus, Atylotus loewianus, Hybomitra acuminata, Tabanus armeniacus, Tabanus atropathenicus, Tabanus autumnalis, Tabanus cordiger, Tabanus eggeri, Tabanus glaucopis, Tabanus holtzianus, Tabanus indrae, Tabanus prometheus, Tabanus quatuornatatus, Tabanus regularis, Tabanus rupium, Tabanus spodopterus, Tabanus tergestinus, Tabanus tinctus, Haematopota crassicornis, Haematopota grandis, Haematopota pallens, Haematopota subcylindrica, Dasyrhamphis carbonarius and Philipomyia aprica are the first records for this province. The total number of determined species in Kayseri province reaches to 42 with the result of this study and the previous studies.

Ferhat Altunsoy

2012-06-01

123

Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones. Part VI. Lorestan Province.  

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Full Text Available Ten species of scorpions belonging to three families are reported from the Lorestan Province of Iran. Of these, five species are recorded from the province for the first time: Hottentotta zagrosensis Kova?ík, 1997; Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889; Orthochirus iranus Kova?ík, 2004; Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903; and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900. One new species is described, Hottentotta lorestanus sp. n.; it can be easily distinguished from the other four species of the genus known from Iran by its coloration; it is the only Iranian species which has the entire pedipalps yellow and the metasomal segments I to IV greenish gray. Also presented is a key to all species of scorpions found in the province.

Navidpour, Shakhrokh

2010-06-01

124

Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones. Part III. Ilam Province.  

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Full Text Available Seven species of scorpions belonging to three families have been previously recorded from the Ilam Province of Iran: Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807, Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905, Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880, Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889, Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903, Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900, and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861. Collections made by a team organized by Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran reveal seven other species recorded from the province for the first time: Apistobuthus susanae Lourenço, 1998, Buthacus macrocentrus (Ehrenberg, 1828, Compsobuthus jakesi Kova?ík, 2003, Odontobuthus bidentatus Lourenço et Pézier, 2002, Orthochirus iranus Kova?ík, 2004, Polisius persicus Fet, Capes et Sissom, 2001, and Vachoniolus iranus Navidpour, Kova?ík, Soleglad et Fet, 2008. Also presented is a key to all species of scorpions found in the province.

Navidpour, S.

2008-06-01

125

GAME RESEARCH ON STRATEGIC INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT IN PROVINCE  

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Full Text Available In order to make an in-depth analysis to mutual relations and multi-interest of the strategic investment management model in province, it utilizes the game theory, and researches the basic elements in the game model, which it establishes, including the assumptions, strategies, objectives and functions of the two players. Finally, it quotes the imperfect information static game model, and takes the first level sealed price auction game model as the quintessence to describe and analyze the game behavior in the strategic investment management in province, so that it can provide the opinion and suggestion for all the gambling players’ decision-making, meet with the economical globalization and the dog-eat-dog new situation, grasp the strategic opportunity, strengthen the management from the strategic perspective unceasingly, and upgrade the provincial economic development strength.
Key words: Province, Strategic Investment Management, Game Theory

Lian-sheng DONG

2010-01-01

126

Suicide and unemployment: a panel analysis of Canadian provinces.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to investigate the causal relationship between suicide and unemployment. We use panel data from Canadian provinces and use recent panel econometric techniques to account for endogenous structural breaks in both the unit root and cointegration testing procedures in order to account for statistical specification issues. We find that the relationship between unemployment and suicide is context dependent. We do find positive and statistically significant relationships, but only for males in particular provinces. The relationship between unemployment and suicide is not monolithic. Rather, relationships are not always as expected for different demographic groups and all places. PMID:24579917

Jalles, João Tovar; Andresen, Martin A

2014-01-01

127

??????????? Analytical Investigation of New Energy Power Generation in Yunnan Province  

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Full Text Available ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? Facing the increasingly serious problems of environmental pollution and resource depletion, new energy power generation which is economic and environmental attracts more and more attention of us. Yunnan Province has huge reserves of new energy, such as wind, solar, biomass, and shale gas, and its potential development is considerable. This paper analyzes the problems of new energy development in Yunnan Province from two aspects: advantages and challenges in the development of new energy, and introduces a kind of wind-light-storage complementary system which is suitable for the characteristics of Yunnan power grid.

???

2013-08-01

128

The Magellan mound province in the Porcupine Basin  

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The Magellan mound province is one of the three known provinces of carbonate mounds or cold-water coral banks in the Porcupine Seabight, west of Ireland. It has been studied in detail using a large and varied data set: 2D and 3D seismic data, sidescan sonar imagery and video data collected during ROV deployment have been used to describe the mounds in terms of origin, growth processes and burial. The aim of this paper is to present the Magellan mounds and their setting in an integrated, holis...

Huvenne, Veerle A. I.; Bailey, W. R.; Shannon, P. M.; Naeth, J.; Di Primio, R.; Henriet, J. P.; Horsfield, B.; Haas, H.; Wheeler, A.; Olu, Karine

2007-01-01

129

Some Environmental Consequences of Large Igneous Provinces  

Science.gov (United States)

The formation of large igneous provinces (LIPs)—continental flood basalts, ‘volcanic’ margins, and oceanic plateaus—may impact the atmosphere, oceans, and biosphere by rapidly releasing huge amounts of particulates, magmatic volatiles (CO2, SO2, Cl, F, etc.), and potentially volatiles (CO2, CH4, SO2, etc.) from intruded sediments (e.g., carbonates, organic-rich shales, evaporites). A key factor affecting the magnitude of volatile release is whether eruptions are subaerial or marine; hydrostatic pressure inhibits vesiculation and degassing of relatively soluble volatile components (H2O, S, Cl, F) in deep water submarine eruptions, although low solubility components (CO2, noble gases) are mostly degassed even at abyssal depths. Directly or indirectly, such injections may cause changes in the atmosphere/ocean system that can lead to perturbations of atmosphere/ocean chemistry, circulation, ecology, and biological productivity. These changes can be global in extent, particularly if environmental conditions were at or near a threshold state or tipping point. LIPs may have been responsible for some of the most dramatic and rapid changes in the global environment. For example, between ~145 and ~50 Ma, the global ocean was characterized by chemical and isotopic variations (especially in C and Sr isotope ratios, trace metal concentrations, and biocalcification), relatively high temperatures, high relative sea level, episodic deposition of black shales (oceanic anoxic events), high production of hydrocarbons, mass extinctions of marine organisms, and radiations of marine flora and fauna. Temporal correlations between the intense pulses of igneous activity associated with LIP formation and environmental changes suggest more than pure coincidence. The 1783-84 eruption of Laki on Iceland provides the only historical record of the type of volcanism that constructs transient LIPs. Although Laki produced a basaltic lava flow representing only ~1% of the volume of a typical transient LIP flow (10^3 km^3), the eruption’s environmental impact resulted in the deaths of 75% of Iceland’s livestock and 25% of its inhabitants. During Cenozoic time, peak eruption of the North Atlantic LIP at ~56 Ma coincided with the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum, when numerous deep-sea benthic foraminifera became extinct and there was a major turnover in terrestrial mammals. Late Cretaceous oceanic anoxic event 2 (OAE-2) coincided with the formation of the Caribbean and possibly Madagascar flood basalts at ~94 Ma, and in Early Cretaceous time, formation of the Ontong Java, Manihiki, and Hikurangi plateaus at ~122 Ma in the Pacific coincided with oceanic anoxic event 1a (OAE-1a). Eruption of the Siberian flood basalts at ~250 Ma (Permian-Triassic boundary) coincided with the largest extinction of plants and animals in the geological record; 90% of all species became extinct at that time.

Coffin, M. F.

2009-12-01

130

Magmatic systems of large continental igneous province  

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Large igneous provinces (LIPs) of the modern type are known from the middle Paleoproterozoic and have a great abundance in the Phanerozoic. The most researches considered their appearance with ascending of the mantle thermochemical superplumes which provided simultaneously eruption of the same type of lavas on the huge territories. Judging on presence among them different subprovinces, formation of concrete magmatic systems were linked with protuberances (secondary plumes) on the superplumes surfaces. We suggest that origin of such plumes was linked with local enrichment of upper part of the superplumes head beneath roofing by fluid components; it led to lowering of the plume material density and initiated ascending of the secondary plumes. As a result, their heads, where partial melting occurred, can reach the level of the upper crust as it follows from absence of lower-crustal rocks among xenoliths in basalts, although mantle xenoliths existed in them. Important feature of LIPs is presence of two major types of mafic lavas: (1) geochemical-enriched alkali Fe-Ti basalts and picrites, and (2) basalts of normal alkalinity (tholeiites) with different contents of TiO2. At that the first type of mafites are usually typical for lower parts of LIPs which initially developed as continental rifts, whereas the second type composed the upper part of the traps' cover. Magmatic systems of the LIPs are subdivided on three levels of different deep: (1) zones of magma generation, (2) areas of transitional magma chambers where large often layered intrusive bodies are formed, and (3) areas on surface where lava eruptions and subvolcanic intrusions occurred. All these levels are linked by feeder dykes. The least known element of the system is area of magma generation, and, especially, composition of melting substratum. Important information about it is contained in aforementioned mantle xenoliths in alkali basalts and basanites. They practically everywhere are represented by two major series: (1) "green" - spinel peridotite (maily lherzolite) and minor spinel pyroxenite (websterites), and (2) "black" - wehrlite, Al-Ti-augite and hornblende clinopyroxenite, hornblendite, etc., and megacrysts of Al-Ti-augite, kaersutite, ilmenite, sanidine, etc. They often contain vesicles which evidence that their crystallization occurred from fluid-saturated melts. The rocks of this series form veins in peridotite matrix. So, two types of material participated in melting process: moderate-depleted peridotites and geochemical-enriched phase - fluid-saturated melts or high-density fluid. Because the both types of xenoliths are fragments of upper cooled rim of mantle plume head above magma-generation zone, we suggest that they together represent material, which composed plume head and accordingly - the melting substratum. At that the fluid phase exactly provided specific composition of basaltic melts at the initial stages of LIPs development, typical for intraplate settings. The middle level of magmatic systems is represented by transitional magmatic chambers (now large layered mafic-ultramafic intrusions), where newly-formed magmas were accumulated, undergone by crystallizing differentiation, mixing and crustal contamination. Such transformed in a variable degree magmas continued their way to surface led to general diversity of magmatic rocks, erupted on the surface; contribution of subvolcanic magmatic chambers was, probably, small. So, systematic study of processes in LIPs' magmatic systems as a whole can help to reveal processes of primary magmas transformation and thereby to determine their initial composition and source material.

Sharkov, Evgenii

2014-05-01

131

Mafic volcaniclastic deposits in flood basalt provinces: A review  

Science.gov (United States)

Flood volcanic provinces are assumed generally to consist exclusively of thick lavas and shallow intrusive rocks (mostly sills), with any pyroclastic rocks limited to silicic compositions. However, mafic volcaniclastic deposits (MVDs) exist in many provinces, and the eruptions that formed such deposits are potentially meaningful in terms of potential atmospheric impacts and links with mass extinctions. The province where MVDs are the most voluminous—the Siberian Traps—is also the one temporally associated with the greatest Phanerozoic mass extinction. A lot remains to be learned about these deposits and eruptions before a convincing genetic link can be established, but as a first step, this contribution reviews in some detail the current knowledge on MVDs for the provinces in which they are better known, i.e. the North Atlantic Igneous Province (including Greenland, the Faeroe Islands, the British Isles, and tephra layers in the North Sea basin and vicinity), the Ontong Java plateau, the Ferrar, and the Karoo. We also provide a brief overview of what is known about MVDs in other provinces such as the Columbia River Basalts, the Afro-Arabian province, the Deccan Traps, the Siberian Traps, the Emeishan, and an Archean example from Australia. The thickest accumulations of MVDs occur in flood basalt provinces where they underlie the lava pile (Faeroes: > 1 km, Ferrar province: ? 400 m, Siberian Traps: 700 m). In the Faeroes case, the great thickness of MVDs can be attributed to accumulation in a local sedimentary basin, but in the Ferrar and Siberian provinces the deposits are widespread (> 3 × 10 5 km 2 for the latter). On the Ontong Java plateau over 300 m of MVDs occur in one drill hole without any overlying lavas. Where the volcaniclastic deposits are sandwiched between lavas, their thickness is much less. In most of the cases reviewed, primary MVDs are predominantly of phreatomagmatic origin, as indicated by the clast assemblage generally consisting of basaltic clasts of variable vesicularity (dominantly non- to poorly-vesicular) mixed with abundant country rock debris. The accidental lithic components often include loose quartz particles derived from poorly consolidated sandstones in underlying sedimentary basins (East Greenland, Ferrar, Karoo). These underlying sediments or sedimentary rocks were not only a source for debris but also aquifers that supplied water to fuel phreatomagmatic activity. In the Paraná-Etendeka, by contrast, the climate was apparently very dry when the lavas were emplaced (aeolian sand dunes) and no MVDs are reported. Volcanic vents filled with mafic volcaniclastic material, a few tens of metres to about 5 km across, are documented in several provinces (Deccan, North Atlantic, Ferrar, Karoo); they are thought to have been excavated in relatively soft country rocks (rarely in flood lavas) by phreatomagmatic activity in a manner analogous to diatreme formation.

Ross, P.-S.; Ukstins Peate, I.; McClintock, M. K.; Xu, Y. G.; Skilling, I. P.; White, J. D. L.; Houghton, B. F.

2005-07-01

132

76 FR 80870 - Notice of Determination of Pest-Free Areas in Mendoza Province, Argentina  

Science.gov (United States)

...Pest-Free Areas in Mendoza Province, Argentina AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection...southern half of Mendoza Province in Argentina as pest-free areas for Mediterranean...review of the documentation submitted by Argentina's national plant protection...

2011-12-27

133

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Glomeromycota of soils of the Lubuskie province  

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Full Text Available In the year 2003, the occurrence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF of the phylum Glomeromycota in cultivated and uncultivated soils of the Lubuskie province was investigated. The occurrence of AMF was examined based on 56 root and rhizosphere soils collected under 7 species of cultivated and uncultivated plants growing in 28 localities. Spores of AMF were isolated from both field-collected samples and trap cultures. They were revealed in 100% of field soils and 93.8% of trap cultures and represented 7 of the 8 recognized genera of the Glomeromycota. The arbuscular fungi occurring distinctly more frequently in the soil and root samples examined were members of the genus Glomus. The species of AMF most frequently occurring in cultivated soils of the Lubuskie province were G. claroideum, G. constrictum, G. deserticola and G. mosseae, whereas G. claroideum, G. constrictum, G. deserticola, G. mosseae, and S. dipurpurescens were more frequently found in uncultivated sites. The analysis of similarity of the species composition of AMF populations in sites of the Lubuskie province and the Western Pomeranian province earlier examined showed that (1 the occurrence in Poland of most taxa of these fungi detected in the study presented here is even and does not change with time, (2 the communities of AMF area are stable, despite the arduousness resulting from the agricultural and chemical practices conducted, and (3 the species diversity of the plants cultivated in a long period of time has no influence on the species composition of populations of AMF.

S?awomir Kowalczyk

2005-12-01

134

[An epidemic focus of tularemia in the Province of Siena].  

Science.gov (United States)

After a brief account of the epidemiology of tularaemia in Tuscany, a small epidemic focus recorded in the Monte Amiata area in 1982, the first in the Province of Siena, is described. The importance of Mollaret's serum diagnosis for the recognition of current and earlier tularaemia infections is noted. PMID:4022428

Pippi, L; Toti, M; Alegente, G

1985-07-14

135

Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones. Part I. Khoozestan Province.  

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Full Text Available Collections made by a team of Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran include 17 of the 19 species known to inhabit Khoozestan Province, and form the basis of this paper. Among them are two new species (Hottentotta khoozestanus sp. n. and Vachoniolus iranus sp. n., Compsobuthus jakesi Kova?ík, 2003 previously known only from Iraq, and five species representing first records for the province: Buthacus macrocentrus (Ehrenberg, 1828; Odontobuthus bidentatus Lourenço & Pézier, 2002; Orthochirus farzanpayi (Vachon et Farzanpay, 1987; Orthochirus stockwelli (Lourenço et Vachon, 1995 comb. n.; and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900. In contrast, Orthochirus zagrosensis Kova?ík, 2004, as described from Khoozestan, stands corrected to Kohkiloye & Boyer Ahmad, Esfahan, Fars, Kerman, and Yazd Provinces. Occurrences of Hottentotta schach (Birula, 1905 and Compsobuthus garyi Lourenço et Vachon, 2001 could not be verified for Khoozestan, but are nevertheless included, and the uncertain taxonomic position of the latter is discussed. A large collection of Orthochirus iranus Kova?ík, 2004 allowed the study of intraspecific variation and resulted in the observation that trichobothrium d2 on the dorsal surface of pedipalp femur may be fully developed, reduced, or absent. Since the presence or absence of trichobothrium d2 is the only character separating Orthochirus Karsch, 1892 from Paraorthochirus Lourenço et Vachon, 1995, it follows that Paraorthochirus is a synonym of Orthochirus, syn. n. Also presented is a key to all species of scorpions found in the province.

Fet, V.

2008-02-01

136

Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part III. Ilam Province.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Seven species of scorpions belonging to three families have been previously recorded from the Ilam Province of Iran: Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807), Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905), Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880), Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889), Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903), Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900), and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861. Collections made by a team organized by Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Rese...

Navidpour, S.; Fet, V.; Kovar?i?k, F.; Soleglad, M. E.

2008-01-01

137

Anthropogeography and Rainforest Ecology in Bocas Del Toro Province, Panama.  

Science.gov (United States)

The economy of Bocas del Toro province, in northwest Panama, is predominantly bio-technic. Different people have made different uses of the plants and animals of the area over time. Emphasis is placed on the system of Indian silviculture whereby native po...

B. L. Gordon

1969-01-01

138

Child Maltreatment among School Children in the Kurdistan Province, Iran  

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Objective: This study examines the determinants of three types of child maltreatment: physical maltreatment, mental maltreatment, and child neglect among school children in the Kurdistan Province of Iran. The analysis examines the impact of socioeconomic, familial, demographic, and household dynamic factors on the three child maltreatment…

Stephenson, Rob; Sheikhattari, Payam; Assasi, Nazilla; Eftekhar, Hassan; Zamani, Qasem; Maleki, Bahram; Kiabayan, Hamid

2006-01-01

139

Prevalence of HTLV-1 infection in Golestan Province, Iran  

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Full Text Available Background and objectives: Human T-Lymphocyte Virus-1 (HTLV- 1 is known as the etiologic factor of acute T-Lymphocytic Leukemia (ATL and tropical spastic paralysis. (TSP. Endemic factors causing infection with Human T Lymphocyte Virus-1 (HTLV-1 is based on environmental, socio-economical and health behaviors of the individuals. This virus is well distributed in families with involved members. Golestan province is located in North West part of Northern Khorasan province that had already been known as an endemic area for HTLV-1. This virus is also known as the main etiologic factor for cancers and ATL, therefore; we studied the prevalence of HTLV-1 seroepidemiology in Golestan province. Material and Methods: The subjects selected by cluster sampling were 2034 healthy cases residing in different parts of Golestan province. ELISA method using Dia- pro anti HTLV-1 antibody kits was applied for serological assessment. Western Blot (HTLV BLOT 2.4 was used for confirmation purposes. Results: The subjects aged 38.66±16.54 were 2034 healthy persons. Forty-one point seven of these cases were males and the rest females. Based on ELISA method there were15 HTLV-1 positive cases (0.7%. -1. (0.7% Six out of 15 were confirmed by western blot method (95%, CI: 0.06-0.53%. The highest prevalence sigllificant aiology is in the highat rate in 31-40 year old gro0.7%. onclusion: This study shows that HTLV-1 is prevalent in Golestan the same as the other parts of the world. There fere: we urse on performing screening test (HTLV- on donated blood components before delivering (OK labeling. Key words: HTLV-1, Seroepidemiology, ELISA, Western Blot, Golestan ATL(Acute T lymphocytic Leukemia Six cases out of 15 were confirmed by western blot method (95%, CI: 0.06-0.53%. The highest prevalence was 2.6% seen in Kalaleh city (east part of the province [95%, Cl: 0.06-0.53%. There was significant difference between the prevalence of HTLV-1 and the dwelling place. (p=002. HTLV-1 seroepidemiology was in the highest rate in 31-40 year old group (0.7%. Conclusion: This study shows that HTLV-1 is prevalent in Golestan province, the same as the other parts of the world. Therefore, we recommend performing screening test (HTLV- on donated blood components before delivering (OK labeling. Key words: HTLV-1, Seroepidemiology, ELISA, Western Blot, Golestan province, ATL (Acute T lymphocytic Leukemia

kalavi KH

2008-01-01

140

Investigation of natural radioactivity level of the waters in Guangdong province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper reports the investigation results of natural radioactivity level in river, lake, reservoir, spring, tap water and offshore water in Guangdong Province and Hainan Province. There were totally 220 samples collected from 144 measuring points. The results show that the radioactivity level of varied water bodies of the province was within normal natural background

 
 
 
 
141

Ore-controlling factors and prospecting potential of volcanic type uranium deposit in Zhejiang Province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Zhejiang Province is one of the important uranium metallogenic provinces in China, based on the geological setting on uranium metallogenesis in Zhejiang Province, the geological features and ore-controlling factors on volcanic type uranium deposit are discussed, prospecting potential areas of volcanic type uranium deposit are summarized and proposed. (author)

142

Seroprevalence of Toxocariasis in Children in East- Azerbaijan Province, Iran  

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Full Text Available Purpose: Toxocariasis is a zoonotic disease caused by the ascarid of dogs and cats, the main representative of which is a Toxocara canis. Distribution of the disease is world wide and is more prevalent in children. The present study was carried out in children of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran, to determine the toxocariasis seropositivity. Material and Methods: For the present seroepidemiological study, blood samples were collected at random from children of all the five districts of the East Azerbaijan Province. A total of 336 children, 187 males and 149 females in age group of 0-15 years were selected for the present study. ELISA was used for detection of IgG antibodies against Toxocara excretory secretary antigen. A questionnaire interview was conducted to obtain the data concerning their age, sex and habits. The particular points in the questionnaire asked were recorded on the format right on the spot. Results: Gender was found to be a significant risk factor for the Toxocara infection in children population. Male children were found more infected (41.71% as compared to females (24.16%. The total seroprevalence of T. canis antibodies in children of East Azerbaijan Province was 29.46 %. The risk factors that were found associated with the infection of toxocariasis in children population of East Azerbaijan Province include family back ground, status of living conditions, awareness, etc. Conclusion: The present study reveals high prevalence of T. canis infection in children of East Azerbaijan Province. It is important to raise the awareness of health professionals, public and educators to the fact that toxocariasis is a public health problem. Health promotion by means of a school based educational approach, diagnosis and continuous programme of treatment are necessary. [Cukurova Med J 2013; 38(4.000: 581-586

Yagoob Garedaghi

2013-08-01

143

Esophagus Cancer Incidence among Females in Golestan Province, Iran (2004  

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Full Text Available The main aim of this study was to find and describe province-specific estimates of incidence in females by age groups for esophagus cancer. The data used in this study were collected in a cancer registry that was conducted by Health Deputy of Golestan province for a period of 1 year (2004. The age distribution was collected according to the following age strata: 0-4, 5-9, 10-14, 15-19, 20-24, 25-29, 30-34, 35-39, 40-44, 45-49, 50-54, 55-59, 60-64, 65-69, 70-74, 75-79, 80-84 and 85 above. Esophagus cancer data was identified and collected through the 18 Pathology Laboratory centers (where female populations referred to these centers in Golestan province. A total of 348 primary cancer cases were captured. From these 32 cases was esophagus cancer. There were 26 squomous cell carcinoma (81.25%, 1 adenocarcinoma (3.12%. Esophagus cancer incidence among females in Golestan province was 7.62/100000. But esophagus cancer with the highest ASR: 127.91/100,000 was in age 75-79. The incidence of esophagus cancer in age over 75-79 has risen sharply and it was the lowest in age 30-34 (ASR: 1.68/100,000. For the present time it can be said that esophagus cancer in females appear to be one of the most prevalent and serious type of cancer (especially squomous cell carcinoma in Golestan province and esophagus cancer is rising with ageing.

Abdoljalal Marjani

2008-01-01

144

Deep geoelectric investigation in the western Superior Province, Canada  

Science.gov (United States)

Magnetotelluric (MT) soundings carried out at 230 sites between 1997 and 2001 characterize the electrical structure of 500,000 km^2 of the Archean Superior Province, the nucleus of the North American continent. The western part of the Superior Province contains a regional pattern of alternating 100-200 km wide granite-greenstone and metasedimentary belts and the observed geological relationships of these belts or subprovinces has been used to suggest that the Archean continental growth consisted of successive accretion of oceanic crust, island arcs, sedimentary prisms, and continental fragments. The objectives of the MT study include determining the three-dimensional form of the boundaries between subprovinces and the conductivity structure of the sub-crustal lithosphere. The MT responses define a number of large-scale structures in the western Superior Province. The geoelectric dimensionality was examined using tensor skew and goodness-of-fit of 2D decomposition models, and the geoelectric strike was examined using tensor decomposition and induction vectors. Lithosphere in the southern region of the study area is dominated by east-west strikes and approximately two-dimensional structure but there are areas of 3D responses. Apparent resistivity and phase results show that the Mesoarchean core of the western Superior Province, the North Caribou terrane, is characterized by an extremely resistive crust underlain by a conductive upper mantle. Beneath the northwestern Superior Province the long period electrical strike direction rotate to align with major zones of mantle penetrating shear zones. The close correspondence between the strikes of upper mantle electrical structure and geological units indicates the absence of a significant modification of the deeper lithopshere since circa 2.7 Ga.

Craven, J. A.; Wu, X.; Ferguson, I. J.

2003-04-01

145

Epidemiology of drowning in Isfahan province, center of Iran  

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Full Text Available

  • BACKGROUND: Drowning is a preventable cause of morbidity and  ortality. We studied drowning deaths in Isfahan province, focusing on the activity victims were involved in and the setting of the incident.
  • METHODS: Retrospective analysis was done on all drowning deaths  eferred to Legal Medicine Organization of Isfahan province over a period of 5 years from 1 January 2002 to 31 December 2006.
  • RESULTS: During these 5 years, 355 persons suffered fatal drowning in Isfahan province. The annual incidence rate was 1.6 per 100000 population (2.6 & 0.4 for males and females, respectively. Mean age was 21.99 ± 14.86 and M/F ratio was 6.5:1. Most victims were 15-24 and 5-14 years of age (172 and 62 decedents, 3.0 and 1.8 per 100000 population/ year, respectively. Most incidents occurred in natural settings, of which rivers, canals, lakes and ponds were the most common sites, respectively. The most frequently connected activity was swimming and wading, followed by accidental fall into water. The manner of death was found as following: 85.1% accidental, 1.7% suicidal, 0.3% homicidal and 12.9% undetermined.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although the drowning related mortality in Isfahan province is comparable to developed countries, effective prevention of drowning with better programming and policies might reduce its rate.
  • KEYWORDS: Drowning, epidemiology, public health, Isfahan province, Iran.

Ardeshir Sheikhazadi

2009-04-01

146

Analysis on the Urgency of Environmental Cost Control of Agricultural Product Processing Industry in Jilin Province  

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Full Text Available Jilin Province is an agricultural province and agricultural products processing industry is an important pillar industry of economic development, but because of its particularity of resource endowment such as geographical location and climate conditions, while developing agricultural products processing industry, Jilin Province must control environmental cost, in order to keep the sustainable development of agricultural products processing industry. Only considering fully the sustainability of agricultural products processing industry, its long-term development can be obtained. The article analyzes the resource situation in Jilin Province, discusses the necessity and urgency of developing agricultural products processing industry in Jilin Province.

Chuanlian Song

2011-04-01

147

Research on the Effects of Logistics Industry on Economic Growth in Jilin Province in China  

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Full Text Available

This paper constructs the econometrical model of the relationship between economic growth and logistics industry in Jilin province, analyzes quantitative relation between economic growth and logistics industry in Jilin province, measures the contribution of logistics industry on economic growth in Jilin province. The results show the status of logistics industry in economic development in Jilin province. The conclusions will supply some necessary proposals for decision-making of the development programming of logistics industry in Jilin province.

Key words: Logistics industry; Economic growth; Econometric model

Yang SHAO

2011-12-01

148

Issues Existing in the Capital Market in Jilin Province and Solutions  

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Full Text Available Development of the capital market has attracted external sources of finance to the great extent, promoted Jilin Province to change from an old industrial base to an advanced international manufacturing base and greatly enhanced the overall economic strength of Jilin Province. Nonetheless, considering the current situation, mobility of capital in economy of Jilin Province is not yet strong and insufficient capital is still an impediment to constrain economic and social development of Jilin Province. Through a survey and analysis of the development condition of capital market in Jilin Province, this article expounds the major problems existing in development of capital market in Jilin Province and puts forward solutions for development of capital market in Jilin Province.

Hong Li

2012-02-01

149

The Brazil-Angola alkaline - carbonatite province and its main economic aspects  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The principal characteristics of the Brazil-Angola Alkaline Carbonatite Province are defined and described with specific reference to tectonic setting and economic aspects. The economic aspects of the Brazilian uranium deposits are emphasised. The Brazil-Angola Alkaline-Carbonatite Province can be divided into six Brazilian sub-provinces and two Angolan sub-provinces. Correlation between the sub-provinces of Brazil and Angola remains speculative due to the lack of detailed information, especially age determinations on the Angolan rocks. However, an analysis of the tectonic and petrochemical aspects suggests that the two Brazilian sub-provinces situated along the littoral of Rio de Janeiro/ Sao Paulo and around the periphery of the Parana Basin may be more easily comparable to the two Angolan sub-provinces than the remaining four. (Author)

150

Olive Existence in Akhisar District in Manisa Province in Turkey  

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Full Text Available In Turkey which is one of the main olive producing countries in the world, in the Aegean Region some provinces are coming forth in respect of olive existence. Since Akhisar district constitutes half of the olive existence in Manisa province it was found to be worth research. In order to detect olive existence and sector improvement in Akhisar and in selected villages a face to face survey has been held among farmers. Survey results were evaluated by the SPSS programme. At the end of the evaluation it was determined that; there was an increase in lands reserved for olive growing, olive is being preffered against tobacco which is an important agricultural product, farmers are leaning towards the Domat type whose origin is in Akhisar, intensive agricultural techniques are implemented, diseases and harmful activities are at a minimum level in olive groves.

Meltem Sesli

2006-01-01

151

Accounting for variation in wind deployment between Canadian provinces  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Wind energy deployment varies widely across regions and this variation cannot be explained by differences in natural wind resources alone. Evidence suggests that institutional factors beyond physical wind resources can influence the deployment of wind energy systems. Building on the work of , this study takes a historical institutionalist approach to examine the main factors influencing wind energy deployment across four Canadian provinces Canada: Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario and Nova Scotia. Our case studies suggest that wind energy deployment depends upon a combination of indirect causal factors-landscape values, political and social movements, government electricity policy, provincial electricity market structure and incumbent generation technologies and direct causal factors-grid architecture, ownership patterns, renewable incentive programs, planning and approvals processes and stakeholder support and opposition. - Research highlights: {yields} Examines the reasons for variations in wind deployment between Canadian provinces. {yields} Employs a historical institutional approach to the analysis. {yields} Discusses social factors that affect wind deployment across Canadian jurisdictions.

Ferguson-Martin, Christopher J. [Environmental and Resource Studies, Trent University, 1600 West Bank Drive, Peterborough, Ontario, K7J 7B8 (Canada); Hill, Stephen D., E-mail: stephenhill@trentu.c [Environmental and Resource Studies, Trent University, 1600 West Bank Drive, Peterborough, Ontario, K7J 7B8 (Canada)

2011-03-15

152

Development of Indicators of Cyberbullying among Youths in Songkhla Province  

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Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to develop indicators and to test the goodness of fit of the structural relationship model of indicators of cyberbullying among youths in Songkhla Province. The study was conducted with 480 youths, and confirmatory factor analysis was performed.The results of the study revealed that the indicators of cyberbullying among youths in Songkhla Province consisted of five factors with twenty-four indicators. The factor with the highest weight was slandering (b=0.90 consisting of five indicators, followed by revealing other people’s personal secrets (b=0.89 consisting of five indicators; identity theft (b=0.88 consisting of five indicators; deleting or blocking others from the group (b=0.65 consisting of four indicators; and flaming (b=0.17 consisting of five indicators. The linear structural model of cyberbullying among youths was in statistically significant congruence with empirical data.

Tanyakorn Tudkuea

2014-06-01

153

The Basin and Range Province in Utah, Nevada, and California  

Science.gov (United States)

In this report an attempt has been made to summarize and in places to interpret the published information that was available through 1938 on the geology of those parts of Nevada, California, and Utah that are included in the geologic province known as the Basin and Range province. This region includes most of the Great Basin, from which no water flows to the sea, as well as part of the drainage basin of the lower Colorado River. It is characterized by numerous parallel, linear mountain ranges that are separated from one another by wide valleys or topographic basins. All the major divisions of geologic time are represented by the rocks exposed in this region. The oldest are of pre-Cambrian age and crop out chiefly along the eastern and southern borders. They have been carefully studied at only a few localities, and the correlation and extent of the subdivision so far recognized is uncertain. There appear to be at least three series of pre-Cambrian rocks which are probably separated from one another by profound unconformities. Large masses of intrusive igneous rocks have been recognized only in the oldest series. During the Paleozoic era the region was a part of the Cordilleran geosyncline, and sediments were deposited during all of the major and most of the minor subdivisions of the era. There are thick and widespread accumulations of Cambrian and Ordovician strata, the maximum aggregate thickness possibly exceeding 23,000 feet. The eastern and western boundaries of the province were approximately those of the area of rapid subsidence within the geosyncline, though the axes of maximum subsidence oscillated back and forth during the two periods. The Silurian and Devonian seas, on the other hand, extended beyond the province and, possibly as a consequence, are represented by much thinner sections - of the order of 6,000 feet. At the end of the Devonian period the geosyncline was split by the emergence of a geanticline in western Nevada, and Mississippian and Pennsylvanian sedimentary rocks are known only in the central and eastern part of the province. They locally attain considerable thicknesses, however, as the combined thickness of the two series in western Utah approaches 24,000 feet. The geanticline appears to have been eroded by Permian time, as Permian strata have been recognized in most parts of the province except the southern, where another geanticline, which persisted into the Mesozoic era, began to rise coincidentally with the disappearance of the older one. Igneous activity was at a minimum throughout the Paleozoic era. Some volcanism appears to have occurred locally in the Carboniferous period, but the lavas and sills cannot yet be accurately dated and may be somewhat younger. The second geanticline, which began to form in Permian time, was greatly extended during the Mesozoic era and eventually caused the disappearance of the geosynclinal seas that had persisted throughout most of Paleozoic time. Its axis lay east of the earlier geanticline, and its gradual emergence resulted in the development of two depositional troughs within the province. The western trough was filled with more than 30,000 feet of sediments and interbedded volcanic deposits, which range in age from basal Lower Triassic through the Lower Jurassic. Deposition in this trough was terminated by a period of intense orogeny near the end of Lower Jurassic time. The deposits of the eastern trough are found only along the eastern border of the province; they consist largely of nonmarine sedimentary beds ranging in age from Triassic to Upper Cretaceous. Marine Lower Triassic, possible Middle Triassic, and Upper Jurassic sedimentary rocks have been found in a few places, and some pyroclastic rocks occur in Lower Triassic and Upper Cretaceous beds. The eastern seaway appears to have been closed to the south, for lagoonal deposits, such as salines, characterize the southern and southeastern extensions of the marine formations. In addition to the sur

Nolan, Thomas B.

1943-01-01

154

Accounting for variation in wind deployment between Canadian provinces  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Wind energy deployment varies widely across regions and this variation cannot be explained by differences in natural wind resources alone. Evidence suggests that institutional factors beyond physical wind resources can influence the deployment of wind energy systems. Building on the work of , this study takes a historical institutionalist approach to examine the main factors influencing wind energy deployment across four Canadian provinces Canada: Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario and Nova Scotia. Our case studies suggest that wind energy deployment depends upon a combination of indirect causal factors-landscape values, political and social movements, government electricity policy, provincial electricity market structure and incumbent generation technologies and direct causal factors-grid architecture, ownership patterns, renewable incentive programs, planning and approvals processes and stakeholder support and opposition. - Research highlights: ? Examines the reasons for variations in wind deployment between Canadian provinces. ? Employs a historical institutional approach to the analysis. ? Discusses social factors that affect wind deployment across Canadian jurisdictions.

155

Natural Meadows: Development of Ecotourism in Chaiyaphum Province  

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Full Text Available This is a qualitative investigation to assess the current state and development of ecotourism at natural meadows in Chaiyaphum Province, North-eastern Thailand. Research was conducted from October 2012 to October 2013. Data was collected from document study and field research. Tools used for data collection were basic survey, observation, interview and focus group discussion. Results show that there are three categories of meadows in Chaiyaphum: Siam tulip meadows, gustavia meadows and kamang meadows. The level of ecotourism at natural meadows in Chaiyaphum province is good. There are provisions made for tourists in each of the eight categories investigated: food, location, accommodation, safety, transportation, souvenirs, surrounding environment and customs, beliefs and ceremonies.

Tiwaporn Jaroenpon

2014-04-01

156

Demand Response in the West: Lessons for States and Provinces  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

OAK-B135 This paper is submitted in fulfillment of DOE Grant No. DE-FG03-015F22369 on the experience of western states/provinces with demand response (DR) in the electricity sector. Demand-side resources are often overlooked as a viable option for meeting load growth and addressing the challenges posed by the region's aging transmission system. Western states should work together with utilities and grid operators to facilitate the further deployment of DR programs which can provide benefits in the form of decreased grid congestion, improved system reliability, market efficiency, price stabilization, hedging against volatile fuel prices and reduced environmental impacts of energy production. This report describes the various types of DR programs; provides a survey of DR programs currently in place in the West; considers the benefits, drawbacks and barriers to DR; and presents lessons learned and recommendations for states/provinces.

Douglas C. Larson; Matt Lowry; Sharon Irwin

2004-06-29

157

Atmospheric PCO? perturbations associated with the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province.  

Science.gov (United States)

The effects of a large igneous province on the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide (PCO?) are mostly unknown. In this study, we estimate PCO? from stable isotopic values of pedogenic carbonates interbedded with volcanics of the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) in the Newark Basin, eastern North America. We find pre-CAMP PCO? values of ~2000 parts per million (ppm), increasing to ~4400 ppm immediately after the first volcanic unit, followed by a steady decrease toward pre-eruptive levels over the subsequent 300 thousand years, a pattern that is repeated after the second and third flow units. We interpret each PCO? increase as a direct response to magmatic activity (primary outgassing or contact metamorphism). The systematic decreases in PCO? after each magmatic episode probably reflect consumption of atmospheric CO? by weathering of silicates, stimulated by fresh CAMP volcanics. PMID:21330490

Schaller, Morgan F; Wright, James D; Kent, Dennis V

2011-03-18

158

Identifying sports cultural opportunity – Case Study of Mazandaran Province  

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Sport is an important tool to draw the national attention. Sport is a big assembly to make identity. Also, sport is a cause for identity and unity. The purpose of this study is to identify the cultural opportunity of sport in the province of Mazandaran in Iran. The research method was mixed. Sequential exploratory mixed method of the first method is qualitative and quantitative methods. The study included all the Mazandaran managers, coaches, experts, judges and athletes at the national level...

Ahmad Ahmadzadeh; Seyyed Jafar Moosavi; Morteza Dousti

2013-01-01

159

Traditional medicinal plant use in Loja province, Southern Ecuador  

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Abstract This paper examines the traditional use of medicinal plants in Loja province, Southern Ecuador. Two hundred fifteen plant species were collected, identified and their vernacular names and traditional uses recorded. This number of species indicates that the healers, market vendors and members of the public interviewed still have a very high knowledge of plants in their surroundings, which can be seen as a reflection of the knowledge of the population in general. Howev...

Sharon Douglas; Bussmann Rainer W

2006-01-01

160

Seroprevalence of Toxocariasis in Children in East- Azerbaijan Province, Iran  

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Purpose: Toxocariasis is a zoonotic disease caused by the ascarid of dogs and cats, the main representative of which is a Toxocara canis. Distribution of the disease is world wide and is more prevalent in children. The present study was carried out in children of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran, to determine the toxocariasis seropositivity. Material and Methods: For the present seroepidemiological study, blood samples were collected at random from children of all the five districts of the East...

Yagoob Garedaghi

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Identifying the socioeconomic determinants of crime in Spanish provinces  

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In this paper we study, having as theoretical reference the economic model of crime (Becker, 1968; Ehrlich, 1973), which are the socioeconomic and demographic determinants of crime in Spain paying attention on the role of provincial peculiarities. We estimate a crime equation using a panel dataset of Spanish provinces (NUTS3) for the period 1993 to 1999 employing the GMMsystem estimator. Empirical results suggest that lagged crime rate and clear-up rate are correlated to all typologies of cri...

Buonanno, Paolo; Montolio, Daniel

2005-01-01

162

Patients' satisfaction evaluation with the health center of elis province.  

Science.gov (United States)

Patient satisfaction related to the provided health services is a key indicator of the quality of the health sector. The SERVQUAL model was employed as a way of measuring the level of patient satisfaction with the services of the Health Center of Elis Province. Although certain aspects such as "Assurance" and "Empathy" meet the users' needs, improvements like a detailed medical record and an overhaul of the equipment need to be introduced. PMID:25000072

Karavida, Angeliki; Stamouli, Maria-Aggeliki; Balis, Charalampos

2014-01-01

163

Mesoproterozoic geology of the Nampula Sub-province, northern Mozambique  

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The Nampula Subprovince (NSP) of the Mozambique Metamorphic Province covers over 100 000 km2, making it the largest Mesoproterozoic crustal block in northern Mozambique and an important component of the Neoproterozoic to Cambrian (Pan-African) East African Orogen. It is bounded in the north by the WSW–ENE trending Lúrio Belt. The oldest rocks (Mocuba Suite) are a polydeformed sequence of upper amphibolite grade layered grey gneisses and migmatites associated with intrusive TTG ...

Macey, P. H.; Thomas, R. J.; Grantham, G. H.; Ingram, B.; Jacobs, J.; Armstrong, R. A.; Roberts, M. P.; Hollick, L.; Bingen, B.; Kock, G.; Bjerkga?rd, G.; Henderson, I.; Cronwright, M.; Solli, A.; Nordgulen, Ø.

2009-01-01

164

Incidence of Childhood Cancers in Golestan Province of Iran  

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Objective: This paper presents the incidence rates of childhood cancers using the data obtained from Golestan population based cancer registry (GPCR) between 2004 and 2006.Methods: GPCR registers only primary cancers based on standard protocols of the international association of cancer registries (IACR). We collect data on newly diagnosed (incident) cancer cases from all public and private diagnostic and therapeutic centers of the whole province. CanReg-4 software was used for data entry and...

Abbas Moghaddami; Mohsen Aarabi; Abbasali Keshtkar; Narges Mirbehbehani; Gholamreza Roshandel; Shahryar Semnani; Abdolvahab Moradi; Fatemeh Cheraghali

2010-01-01

165

Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part II. Bushehr Province.  

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The Bushehr Province of Iran contains the type localities of three scorpion taxa, Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889), Orthochirus iranus Kova?ík, 2004, and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900). Apart from them, Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807), Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905), Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880), Odontobuthus bidentatus Lourenço & Pézier, 2002, Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903), and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1862 have also been known to occur ...

Soleglad, M. E.; Fet, V.; Navidpour, S.; Kovar?i?k, F.

2008-01-01

166

The southeastern Dronning Maud Land province in East Antarctica  

Science.gov (United States)

Systematic airborne geophysical surveys conducted by the Alfred-Wegener-Institute over the last decades have investigated a significant part of Dronning Maud Land in East Antarctica and have revealed, amongst other findings, an aerogeophysical prominent province in southeastern Dronning Maud Land. Both its magnetic and gravity signature differs from those of the western and southwestern Dronning Maud Land, and we assume that it represents a distinct tectonic terrane. This province is characterized by a subdued magnetic anomaly field with elongated parallel positive anomalies, which are truncated by the Forster magnetic anomaly in the northwest, are flanked by the complex magnetic anomaly pattern of the Sør Rondane Mountains in the northeast, and continue presumably farther eastwards. Pronounced negative values of Bouguer gravity indicate thick continental crust of up to 50 km for this region in contrast to significantly higher values of Bouguer gravity in western and southwestern Dronning Maud Land. A few nunataks crop out within the northern portion of this province between the Wohlthat-Massiv and the Sør Rondane Mountains. In 2011 and 2012 collected rock samples from these nunataks and nearby moraines show a predominance of metasedimentary rocks of yet unknown age. Furthermore, undeformed late- to post-tectonic granitoids have been discovered within the southeastern DML province. The conclusions of these findings revise the speculation of a continuous suture zone connecting the Shackleton Range south of Coats Land in the west and the Lützow Holm Bay region in the east and supplement the hypotheses that East-Antarctica is rather a mosaic of different crustal fragments composed of Archaean nucleoids and of Proterozoic to Palaeozoic mobile belts, than to be primarily one stable craton.

Mieth, Matthias; Jokat, Wilfried; Jacobs, Joachim; Ruppel, Antonia; Damaske, Detlef; Läufer, Andreas

2014-05-01

167

Evaluation of Tourism Industry Development Strategies Factors in Guilan Province  

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Iran due to its unique condition in terms of tourist attractionand because of the specific location and a variety of naturalresources and human Phenomena, that different regions of thecountry including Guilan province has a typical position interms of tourism which attracts a lot of tourists. By itself, ecological,environmental, cultural, historical and religious attractionin the north, we will see more development in the tourismindustry by formulating and scientific solutions and preservatio...

Fatholah Keshavarz Shal; Parviz Rajabi Kolvani

2013-01-01

168

Iodine deficiency and iodine excess in Jiangsu Province, China  

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Keywords:iodine deficiency, iodine excess, endemic goiter, drinking water, iodine intake, thyroid function, thyroid size, iodized salt, iodized oil, IQ, physical development, hearing capacity, epidemiology, meta-analysis, IDD, randomized trial, intervention, USA, Bangladesh, ChinaEndemic goiter can be caused both by iodine deficiency and iodine excess. Iodine deficiency was a public health problem in Jiangsu Province, China and has been eliminated through salt iodization in a majority of coun...

Zhao, J.

2001-01-01

169

The crocidolite deposits of the Northern Cape Province  

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Please read the abstract in the section 00front of this document © 1966 University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means,without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria. Please cite as follows: Hanekom HJ, 1966, The crocidolite deposits of the Northern Cape Province, DSc thesis, Unive...

Hanekom, Hermanus Johannes

2010-01-01

170

Population and FP programmes in Sichuan. Profiles of Sichuan Province.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes the history of family planning (FP) programs in Sichuan province in south-central China. In 1996, Sichuan had a population of 83.56 million people living on 6% of total land area in China. 93% of total provincial population live in the eastern Sichuan Basin, which contains only 44.7% of total land area. Population density is 700 in Sichuan Basin, compared to 197 for the province. The per capita share of farmland is 0.07 hectares. Sichuan has abundant water resources. FP was introduced during the mid-1950s in pilot areas. The provincial government set up technical guidance offices on FP in hospitals in 2 cities and some prefectures in 1956, after a directive by the Central Government. Male and female sterilization were advocated in 1957. Oral contraception became available in 1963. The provincial government in 1964, established a two-child policy with an interval of 4-5 years and deferred marriage. Mobile FP units delivered FP to villages. During 1966-70 and the Cultural Revolution, FP activity stopped. FP departments reopened in 1971. FP was integrated within socioeconomic development plans as early as 1973. Later, the province adopted the deferred, spaced, and fewer-births policy. The one-child policy was adopted in 1979. In 1980, a goal was set for limiting births, incentives were given to those accepting FP, and services expanded. During 1980-85, the province achieved replacement level fertility. By 1990-95, the program had shifted emphasis several times and was emphasizing poverty alleviation. PMID:12293434

She, W

1997-10-01

171

Malaria Situation and Anopheline Mosquitoes in Qom Province, Central Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available "nAbstract "nBackground: The aims of this study was to analysis the current situation of malaria and to find the distribution of anopheline mosquitoes, as probable vectors of the disease, in Qom Province, central Iran. "nMethods: This study was carried out in two parts. First stage was data collection about malaria cases using recorded documents of patients in the Province health center, during 2001–2008. The second stage was entomological survey conducted by mosquito larval collection method in 4 villages with different geographical positions in 2008. Data were analyzed using Excel software. "nResults: Of 4456 blood slides, 10.9% out were positive. Most of cases were imported from other countries (90.4%, mainly from Afghanistan (56.5% and Pakistan (16.3%. Slide positive rate showed a maximum of 16.9% and a minimum of 2.9% in 2008 and 2007, respectively. Plasmodium vivax was causative agent of 93.75% of cases, fol­lowed by P. falciparum (6.25%. More than 15 years old age group contained the most malaria reported cases (66.7%. Two Anopheles species, An. superpictus and An. claviger were collected and identified. This is the first report of Anopheles claviger in Qom Province. "nConclusion: Malaria is in the control stage in Qom Province. The rate of local transmission is very low (only 1 case, shows Anopheles superpictus, as the main malaria vector of central part of Iran, can play its role in malaria transmission in the area. "n  "nKeywords: Malaria, Iran, Epidemiology

MR Abai

2010-12-01

172

A trichinellosis outbreak in Borikhamxay Province, Lao PDR.  

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Trichinellosis is documented in Southeast Asia, particularly in Thailand and China. Data from Lao PDR are lacking. An outbreak investigation was conducted in Borikhamxay Province after three patients with suspected trichinellosis consulted the Mahosot Hospital, Vientiane. In total, 22 trichinellosis cases were identified; 21 cases could be confirmed by Western blot. High fever (100%), muscle pain (91%), upper eyelid oedema (86%) and diarrhoea (59%) were observed. Among the 22 patients, 86% ha...

Sayasone, S; Odermatt, P.; Vongphrachanh, P.; Keoluangkot, V.; Dupouy-camet, J.; Newton, Pn; Strobel, M.

2006-01-01

173

Planting dates zoning of safflower varieties in Esfahan province  

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Extended abstract1- IntroductionTiming coincidence of plant growth and development to suitable climatic conditions is on of the main factor for spring safflower increasing yield. Thus determining and zoning of safflower planting dates is very important. The highest planted area of spring safflower is belonged to Esfahan province. Delay in planting of spring safflower cause faster development, earlier flowering and lower photosynthetic area and these consequently lower yield and yield componen...

Yasari, T.; Khoshhal, J.; Shahsavari, M. R.

2013-01-01

174

The Central Atlantic Magmatic Province extends into Bolivia  

Science.gov (United States)

The Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) is the largest continental flood basalt (CFB) province on Earth and was associated with the onset of fragmentation of the supercontinent Pangea at the Triassic-Jurassic boundary. In order to clarify the extent of the CAMP in South America, we investigate basaltic remnants in southern Bolivia (Tarabuco, Entre Ríos and Camiri areas) by combining stratigraphic, geochronological (40Ar/39Ar data) and geochemical (major and trace element, Nd-Sr isotopes) approaches. Lava-flows reaching a total thickness up to 150 m and associated sills overlie syn-rift red beds assigned to the Triassic. The magmatic rocks consist of low-Ti tholeiites that are remarkably homogeneous in composition. Notably, their trace element and Nd-Sr isotopic compositions closely match those of CAMP basalts particularly those of southwest Brazil. 40Ar/39Ar dating failed to yield robust plateau ages but the best estimates of the crystallization age at 198.1 ± 1.5 and 199.2 ± 2.2 Ma are similar to those of CAMP basalts throughout the province. These Bolivian basalts, which may have covered an initial surface of ~ 30,000 km2, represent the known southernmost occurrence of the CAMP. They were erupted as a single pulse, more than 8000 km away from the northern edge of the province. We discuss the implications of such a huge elongated CFB for the current plume models and we suggest, as an alternative, that large-scale melting beneath the Pangea supercontinent due to mantle global warming could have triggered the emplacement of the CAMP.

Bertrand, Hervé; Fornari, Michel; Marzoli, Andrea; García-Duarte, Raúl; Sempere, Thierry

2014-02-01

175

Leafminer agromyzid pest distribution over Limpopo province under changing climate  

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The objective of the study was to assess the impact of climate change on the spatial distribution of leafminer agromyzid pest over Limpopo province, South Africa. In the study the Conformal Cubic Atmospheric Model (CCAM) simulated climate scenarios; (a) the current climatology (1981-2010), (b) projected near future climatology (2041-2070) and (c) the projected distant future climatology (2071-2100) was used. In particular, the linkage between the model simulated temperature and the pest popul...

Tshiala, M. F.; Botai, J. O.; Olwoch, Jane Mukarugwiza

2012-01-01

176

An analysis of nuptiality of population in Zhejiang Province.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper analyzes the nuptiality of Zhejiang Province, China, using data from the 1982 census and the 1-per-1000-population fertility survey. In 1982, the unmarried population in Zhejiang Province accounted for 29.42% of the population aged 15 and over. Unmarried men made up 34.62% of the male population aged 15 and over, while unmarried women made up 23.81% of the female population aged 15 and over. The urban unmarried population is larger than the rural one. The unmarried population is concentrated in the age group 15-27. In 1982, married people accounted for 62.67% of the population aged 15 and over, with 60.27% of the men and 65.26% of the women being married. The marriage age for men is concentrated in the age group 24-29, while the marriage age for women is concentrated in the age group 21-25. In 1982, the widowed population accounted for 7.17% of the population aged 15 and over (3.85% for men and 10.75% for women). In 1982, the divorced population accounted for .74% of the population aged 15 and over (1.26% for men and .18% for women). Remarried women accounted for 6.17% of the married women in the province. PMID:12280652

Han, C

1986-01-01

177

[Variability in the antibiotics prescription in the Avila Province].  

Science.gov (United States)

This study analyzed the consumption of systemic antibiotics in the province of Avila, Spain, and its Basic Health Areas (ZBS) during 2005. It was a retrospective observational study of the consumption of systemic antibiotics (ATC class J01) during 2005 using the data collected by the Concylia program. The study population was identified from the 2005 Medical Card Register database. Consumption data was expressed in defined daily doses (DDD) per 1,000 inhabitants per day (DID), calculated in relation to the contribution of the user at the time of acquiring the prescription. It was found that antibiotic consumption in the province of Avila in 2005 was 26.91 DHDAj. There was a considerable difference between rural (36.63) and urban areas (15.44) with a large variability among the different Basic Health Areas. The areas with a smaller number of inhabitants per town or city and per doctor, used more antibiotics, which could be due to more severe pathology, absence of self-medication or lack of diagnostic resources, among other factors. There is no relation between greater consumption and workload. It was concluded that the consumption of antibiotics in the province of Avila is high due to their use in rural areas. A high variability in the consumption of antibiotics was observed between the different areas, which was related to the smaller number of inhabitants per city or town and per doctor, but had no relation to workload. PMID:17530035

Ripoll Lozano, Miguel A; Jiménez Arce, J I; Pedraza Dueñas, A

2007-03-01

178

Incidence of Childhood Cancers in Golestan Province of Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective:This paper presents the incidence rates of childhood cancers using the data obtained from Golestan population based cancer registry (GPCR between 2004 and 2006.Methods:GPCR registers only primary cancers based on standard protocols of the international association of cancer registries (IACR. We collect data on newly diagnosed (incident cancer cases from all public and private diagnostic and therapeutic centers of the whole province. CanReg-4 software was used for data entry and analysis.Findings:Totally 5076 cancer cases (all ages were diagnosed in GPCR between 2004 and 2006. Of these, 139 (2.74 % were children (aged 0-14 years with mean (?SD age of 8.06 (?4.48 years. The age standardized incidence rates for childhood cancer were 119.8 and 78.3 per 1000000 person-years in male and female children, respectively. Leukemia was the most common childhood cancer in Golestan province of Iran. Lymphomas and central nervous system tumors were the second and third ones, respectively.Conclusion:The incidence rates of childhood cancers were relatively high in Golestan province of Iran. So, controlling of childhood cancers should be mentioned as an important issue in health policy making in this area.

Abdolvahab Moradi

2010-09-01

179

Incidence of Childhood Cancers in Golestan Province of Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: This paper presents the incidence rates of childhood cancers using the data obtained from Golestan population based cancer registry (GPCR between 2004 and 2006.Methods: GPCR registers only primary cancers based on standard protocols of the international association of cancer registries (IACR. We collect data on newly diagnosed (incident cancer cases from all public and private diagnostic and therapeutic centers of the whole province. CanReg-4 software was used for data entry and analysis.Findings: Totally 5076 cancer cases (all ages were diagnosed in GPCR between 2004 and 2006. Of these, 139 (2.74 % were children (aged 0-14 years with mean (±SD age of 8.06 (±4.48 years. The age standardized incidence rates for childhood cancer were 119.8 and 78.3 per 1000000 person-years in male and female children, respectively. Leukemia was the most common childhood cancer in Golestan province of Iran. Lymphomas and central nervous system tumors were the second and third ones, respectively.Conclusion: The incidence rates of childhood cancers were relatively high in Golestan province of Iran. So, controlling of childhood cancers should be mentioned as an important issue in health policy making in this area.

Abbas Moghaddami

2010-09-01

180

Incidence of Neonatal Hyperphenylalaninemia in Fars Province, South Iran  

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Full Text Available Objective: Phenylalanine hydroxylase or its cofactor, tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4, deficiency causes accumulation of phenylalanine in body fluids and central nervous system. Considering the fact that hyperphenylalaninemia is a preventable cause of mental retardation in infants, the objective of this study was to determine the incidence of congenital hyperphenylalaninemia in Fars province, south of Iran.Methods: In a period of one year from November 2007 to November 2008 blood samples were withdrawn from all newborns born in Fars province for measurement of serum phenylalanine. The samples with a serum level of ³ 2 mg/dl were referred to pediatric endocrine clinic for confirmation and determination of the type of hyperphenylalaninemia by quantitive serum phenylalanine measurements by using High-Pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC method.Findings: Nine out of 76966 newborns had a serum phenylalanine level ³2mg/dl, of which 8 cases were confirmed by HPLC. The incidence of the disease was 1:10000. The incidence of mild hyperphenylalaninemia and phenylketonuria (PKU among the patients was 62.5% and 37.5% respectively and the incidence of BH4 deficiency was 1/76966.Conclusion: These findings indicate a high incidence of hyperphenylalaninemia, in the newborns from Fars province. The high incidence makes a comprehensive screening program for management of the disease necessary.

Gholamhossein Amirhakimi

2010-06-01

 
 
 
 
181

Incidence of Neonatal Hyperphenylalaninemia in Fars Province South Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective:Phenylalanine hydroxylase or its cofactor, tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4, deficiency causes accumulation of phenylalanine in body fluids and central nervous system. Considering the fact that hyperphenylalaninemia is a preventable cause of mental retardation in infants, the objective of this study was to determine the incidence of congenital hyperphenylalaninemia in Fars province, south of Iran.Methods:In a period of one year from November 2007 to November 2008 blood samples were withdrawn from all newborns born in Fars province for measurement of serum phenylalanine. The samples with a serum level of ? 2 mg/dl were referred to pediatric endocrine clinic for confirmation and determination of the type of hyperphenylalaninemia by quantitive serum phenylalanine measurements by using High-Pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC method.Findings:Nine out of 76966 newborns had a serum phenylalanine level ?2mg/dl, of which 8 cases were confirmed by HPLC. The incidence of the disease was 1:10000. The incidence of mild hyperphenylalaninemia and phenylketonuria (PKU among the patients was 62.5% and 37.5% respectively and the incidence of BH4 deficiency was 1/76966.Conclusion:These findings indicate a high incidence of hyperphenylalaninemia, in the newborns from Fars province. The high incidence makes a comprehensive screening program for management of the disease necessary.

Hamdollah Karamifar

2010-02-01

182

The Spectrum of ? -Thalassemia Mutations in Isfahan Province of Iran  

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Full Text Available Background: ? -thalassemia is a common autosomal recessive disorder resulting from over 200 different mutations of beta globin genes. The aim of the present study was to identify the distribution and frequency of the most common ? -thalassemia mutations among the population of Isfahan Province in central Iran. Methods: The data presented here were derived from a total of 114 ? -thalassemia chromosomes of 18 affected patients and 78 unrelated carriers identified in our screening program. Furthermore, 23 pregnant women were analyzed among couples with a PND request for ? -thalassemia. Allele identification was carried out using routine Reverse Dot Blot, ARMS, and genomic sequencing. Results: The most common mutation, IVS-II-I, followed by FSC-36-37, IVS-I-5, FSC-8-9, IVS-I-110, IVS-I,3end; -25bp, IVS-II-745, FSC-8, Cd-39, FSC-22-24, IVS-I-1, Cd-44, IVSII-2,3 (+11/-2, IVS-I-6, and FSC-16, respectively. The present study not only provides a guide for distribution and frequency of both recurrent and uncommon mutations, but also for the first time, reports a rare b-thalassemia mutation, IVSII-2, 3 (+11/-2, in the Isfahan province of Iran. Conclusion: The information presented here could greatly facilitate screening for ? -thalassemia and prenatal diagnosis in the province of Isfahan.

P Derakhshandeh-Peykar

2008-07-01

183

Petroleum systems of the Malay Basin Province, Malaysia  

Science.gov (United States)

The offshore Malay Basin province is a Tertiary oil and gas province composed of a complex of half grabens that were filled by lacustrine shales and continental clastics.These deposits were overlain by clastics of a large delta system that covered the basin.Delta progradation was interupted by transgressions of the South China Sea to the southeast, which finally flooded the basin to form the Gulf of Thailand.Oil and gas from the Oligocene to Miocene lacustrine shales and Miocene deltaic coals is trapped primarily in anticlines formed by inversion of the half grabens during the late Miocene.Hydrocarbon reserves that have been discovered amount to 12 billion barrels of oil equivalent.The U.S. Geological Survey assessment of the estimated quantities of conventional oil, gas and condensate that have the potential to be added to reserves by the year 2025 for this province is 6.3 billion barrels of oil equivalent (BBOE) (U. S. Geological Survey World Energy Assessment Team, 2000).

Bishop, Michele G.

2002-01-01

184

The use of wind to produce energy in Ketodestrin province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Productivity of oil and gas and their high cost benefit in matters than combustion, in one hand and their problem of environmental pollution when they are burnt, on the other hand attracted the decision markers in Iran to consider the wind energy as a good alternative for energy resources . It is especially important because of the existence of regions with high potential for wind energy in Iran. The Kurdestan province is one of the windy places in Iran that has not been considered for wind energy yet. In this paper, the general characteristics of the different kinds of winds which are blown throughout the year in Kurdestan province are considered firstly. Then by using the information from the stations in the sixth major cities in the province, the wind characteristics including power, direction, intensity and probability at different months of the year, are considered. The statistical studies show that Bijar, Zarine Obatoo, Ghorveh, Sanandaj and Marivan have the most wind energy potential, and Bijar and Ghorveh are the best places to install the wind turbine. for all of the above regions, the maximum of the wind average speed and powe are obtained in March, April. May, and the minimum of the average wind speed occurs in December. Bijar, Ghorveh and Zarine Obatoo have high average wind speed and its recommended to search for best places in these regions for the wind turbine sites

185

Incidence of gestational trophoblastic disease in Tokat province, Turkey  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective This study investigated the incidence of gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) in Tokat province, Turkey. Material and Methods The medical records of patients who had been diagnosed and treated at one university hospital, six government hospitals, and one specialist hospital in Tokat province between January 2005 and December 2012 were evaluated retrospectively. Results During the study period, there were 59,754 births and GTD was diagnosed in 73 cases. The calculated GTD incidence was 1.22/1000. The mean age of the patients diagnosed with GTD was 28.6±7.3 (range 17–51) years. In GTD, complete moles occurred in 26%, partial moles in 74%, and no invasive moles, choriocarcinomas, or placental site trophoblastic tumours were found. Only two patients received chemotherapy (methotrexate). There was no mortality associated with the disease during follow-up. Conclusion The incidence of GTD in Tokat province was 1.2 per 1000 births. Early diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up play a critical role in preventing the morbidity and mortality associated with disease. The incidence of GTD, which has a high recovery rate with adequate treatment and follow-up, can be determined from regional and community-based research. PMID:24790512

Cakmak, Bulent; Toprak, Muhammet; Nacar, Mehmet Can; Koseoglu, Resid Dogan; Guneri, Nihan

2014-01-01

186

Impact of the Limpopo Province Strategic Team (LIMPA) grain advancement project on farmer's production in the Limpopo province, South Africa  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This dissertation describes a study undertaken in Limpopo Province and is based on the GPAP project which was created under the auspices of LIMPAST through an established working partnership of ARC-GCI and LDA extension services. The study aimed at analysing the impact of the Grain Production Advancement Project on farmers production efficiency; and to determine factors that could have possibly affected the implementation of improved maize cultivars and essential maize produ...

Namome, Catherine

2010-01-01

187

An Empirical Analysis of Influential Factors in International Tourism Income in Sichuan Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sichuan Province is abundant in tourism resources, a big tourism province. Its tourism income occupies a relatively great rate in the total output value of local area. However, an analysis of the tourism income structure of Sichuan Province, it is found that whether in terms of the total output or the proportion it occupies, the international tourism income lags behind domestic tourism income. In the meanwhile, whether compared with such cosmopolis as Beijing and Shanghai or compared with Jiangsu and Shandong, the international tourism income of Sichuan Province occupies a small rate, which is out of line with the status of big tourism province of Sichuan Province. However, as a primary means for foreign exchange earning in Sichuan Province, the international tourism income has a significance that can not be ignored. Thus, it is necessary to analyze the influential factors that affect the international tourism income of Sichuan Province, take relevant measures to improve the international tourism condition in Sichuan Province, improve the international tourism income and make greater contributions to economic development of foreign exchange earning in Sichuan Province.

Qizhi Yang

2011-02-01

188

Obesity among school children in a province of southern Thailand and its association with socioeconomic status  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The association of nutrition status of children aged 7–12 years (n=663) with socioeconomic factors in a province of southern Thailand in 1995 was investigated. Three type of schools were surveyed: a school with a higher educational standard (elite school) in the municipality of the province, a school with many children from low-income families (low-income school) in the same municipality, and five ordinary schools in rural areas of the province (district schools). The proportions of obese c...

Hirata, Mari; Kuropakornpong, Valaya; Funahara, Yoshinori; Kamae, Isao; Sato, Shigeaki

1998-01-01

189

Meteorological indicators for Amblyomma cajennense and population dynamics in the Tamaulipan Biotic Province in Texas.  

Science.gov (United States)

We studied the population dynamics of free-living ticks in the Tamaulipan Biotic Province in south Texas from March, 2005 to November, 2008. We collected 70,873 ticks using carbon dioxide traps. Amblyomma cajennense represented 93.6% of the ticks identified. A. cajennense is distributed from northern Argentina to south Texas in the Tamaulipan Biotic Province. Emergence of larval A. cajennense ticks was observed two to five weeks after significant rain events (pTamaulipan Biotic Province. PMID:21635651

Beck, David L; Zavala, Josué; Montalvo, Eric O; Quintana, Fernando G

2011-06-01

190

Issues Existing in the Capital Market in Jilin Province and Solutions  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Development of the capital market has attracted external sources of finance to the great extent, promoted Jilin Province to change from an old industrial base to an advanced international manufacturing base and greatly enhanced the overall economic strength of Jilin Province. Nonetheless, considering the current situation, mobility of capital in economy of Jilin Province is not yet strong and insufficient capital is still an impediment to constrain economic and social development of Jilin Pro...

Hong Li

2012-01-01

191

QUALITY AND QUANTITY SURVEY OF HOSPITAL WASTEWATERS IN HORMOZGAN PROVINCE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hospital wastewaters are one of the most contaminating wastewaters and need to be paid more attention due to containing infectious agents. In this study, which had been conducted in a period of one year, 7 public hospitals were selected out of 12 public hospitals in Hormozgan Province of Iran. For studying quality of wastewater in hospitals, both influent and effluent wastewaters of treatment plant, if any, were sampled once in each season and totally 30 mixed samples were obtained. In order to determine the quality of hospital wastewaters in all samples, parameters such as pH, BOD5, COD, TSS and temperature were measured. Results of investigation on annual water consumption indicated that average water consumption in hospitals of the province was 194m3/d., considering water-to-wastewater conversion ratio of 0.8 and green yard ratio of 0.3. Wastewater production rate had been estimated to be 47m3/d and 0.362 m3/d.bed. Results indicated that in 7 hospitals of Hormozgan province, mean values of BOD5 ,COD ,TSS in raw wastewater were 242.25 mg/L, 628.1 mg/L and 231.25 mg/L, respectively, pH=7.42 and temperature=30.17 ºC. In Khalij-e-Fars hospital which had wastewater treatment plant, values of these parameters in effluent were 12.53 mg/L and 51.7 mg/L, 19.68 mg/L, respectively, with pH=7.39 and temperature=26.1 ºC. Comparison between values of influent and effluent wastewaters indicated that in understudy cases, contamination rate was higher than determined limits, as compared to environmental standards of the country and it was necessary to establish appropriate treatment plants in these units.

Sh. Sarafraz, M. R. Khani, K. Yaghmaeian

2007-01-01

192

Hospital Preparedness of Semnan Province to Deal with Disasters  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Hospitals are major health service places which deal with disasters and whose preparedness and offering on time services play vital role in reduction of injuries and death. This research was conducted to determine preparedness of hospitals in Semnan province to deal with disasters (2010. Methods: In this practical, cross-sectional study, all head managers of hospitals in Semnan Province were selected through the census method, and a questionnaire comprising 40 questions and a checklist include of 133 questions were completed through observation and interview. The collected data were analyzed using ANOVA. Results: Out of the 10 studied hospitals, 50% were teaching hospitals and the rest were therapeutic. Average preparedness of programming support for vital services was 80%, for natural disasters management programs in hospital was 65%, for programming for environmental health activities against disasters was 56.2%, for security of equipments and hazardous material was 64.2%, for programming for reduction in structural dangers was 43.8%, for evacuation and field treatment was 49.5%, and average score for hospital educational planning to deal with disasters was 42.2%. ANOVA test has shown significant relationship between manager’s awareness and hospital preparedness, (P=0.001. Hence province hospitals with 58.4±15.7% average, attain medium level against disasters. Conclusion: Results indicate that managers require to be trained in confronting disasters and it is essential to retrain managers in all the fields including environmental health activities against disasters reduction in structural dangers and programming for evacuation and field treatment for confronting disasters.

Mohammad Amiri

2011-01-01

193

Determination the frequency of Ixodid ticks on the sheep in Khorasan Razavi province, Iran  

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Full Text Available A survey was carried out to investigate the frequency of hard tick species (Acari: Ixodidae on sheep inKhorasan Razvi province. A total of 812 ticks were collected from the sheep of different areas of KhorsanRazavi province five species were identified as follow: Rhipicephalus turanicus (59.23%, Hyalomma.marginatum turanicum (25.73%, Hyalomma excavatum (14.8%, Hyalomma anatolicum(8.3%, and Dermacentor niveus (4.8%. The frequency of tick infestation in southern parts was greater than northern parts of the province. R. turanicuss and H. m. turanicum. Were dominant ticks in the province.

Rashtibaf, M.

2011-12-01

194

Surveying black pine plantations in the province of Rieti (Italy  

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Full Text Available In the last century large afforestation programs were carried out in the Apennines to recover degraded lands, mainly by Pinus nigra plantations. Currently, many Authors have proposed management guidelines to foster the naturalization of such woodlands. However, such an option requires the availability of detailed surveys. The aim of this note is to propose a survey protocol for qualifying the landscape pattern of pine reafforestations and for mapping their growing stock on the basis of the k-Nearest Neighbor (k-NN techniques. A case study application by Landsat 7 ETM+ imagery is here reported concerning the Pinus nigra plantations in the province of Rieti (Central Italy.

Piermaria Corona

2008-01-01

195

EARLY HISTORY OF AVIATION IN THE EASTERN PROVINCE  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Let me firstly state categorically that the Eastern Province is the cradle of aviationin South Africa. Although Admiral John Weston built the first aircraft in SouthAfrica at Brandfort in the Orange Free State in 1907, his machine was takenoverseas for its first flight on 10th December 1910. It was not flown here untilJune, 1911.2 When one asks the question, "who made the first ever heavier-thanairflight?", the answer is invariably "the Wright brothers at Kittyhawk, USA in1903". Who made the ...

Cockbain, T. G. E.

2012-01-01

196

Chronic patient care at North West Province clinics  

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Full Text Available Background: Chronic illnesses are a significant burden to the health services in South Africa. There is a specific national health plan whereby chronically ill patients who are acceptably controlled should be managed at clinic level. The perception has emerged that the management of primary care has not been optimal in the Southern District of the North West Province. This provided the motivation to initiate this research, namely consideration of chronic patient care at clinics in the North West Province of South Africa.

Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at four randomly selected clinics covering four sub-districts in the Southern District (North West Province. This was done using charts and registers at the clinics. Inclusion criteria were patients older than 18, and presenting with the following chronic illnesses: asthma/chronic obstructive airways disease (COAD, hypertension, diabetes and epilepsy. The major focus areas were the regular assessment of the patients, the level of control of the illness and the use of the Essential Drugs List and Standard Treatment Guidelines (EDL/STG.

Results: In the cases of all the chronic illnesses it was found that regular assessments were poorly done, with asthma (peak flow measurements being the most poorly done. Control was generally less than 50% for all the illnesses, although the EDL was followed fairly well by the personnel at the clinics.

Conclusion: In the light of the burden of chronic illness the results give cause for great concern about the quality of care for chronically ill patients, and reasons were sought for some of the poor results. A subsequent decision was taken to carry out comprehensive quality improvement projects on each of the illnesses over the following five years.

How to cite this article: Van Deventer C, Couper I, Sondzaba N. Chronic Patient Care at North West Province Clinics. Afr J Prm Health Care & Fam Med. 2009;1(1, Art. #8, 5 pages. DOI: 10.4102/phcfm.v1i1.8

Nontsikelelo Sondzaba

2009-04-01

197

Lichenicolous fungi in I?d?r province, Turkey  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english As a result of lichenological exploration in the province of I?d?r, Turkey, forty species of lichenicolous fungi belonging to eighteen genera were identified on twenty-seven different lichenized fungi. Four lichenicolous fungi-Arthonia protoparmeliopsidis, Lichenostigma radicans, L. subradians and S [...] clerococcum sphaerale-represent new records for Turkey. In addition, A. protoparmeliopsidis is new to Asia and Gemmaspora lecanorae was found for the second time on Aspicilia sp. Geographical distributions are also presented.

Kenan, Yazici; Javier, Etayo.

198

Characterization of gas hydrates provinces off Norway-Svalbard  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The characterization of gas hydrates provinces off Norway-Svalbard were discussed in this presentation. Relevant research and development projects and activities were listed. Bottom simulating reflectors as a key seismic proxy were discussed. Seismic techniques such as p-waves and s-waves were identified. The quantification and saturation from velocity anomalies were illustrated along with the gas hydrate reservoir potential off Norway-Svalbard. Some interesting cases were presented, including the Nankai; Lake Baikal in Siberia; and the Black Sea. The presentation concluded with a discussion of lessons learned. The presentation noted that mapping and quantification requires integration of methods and techniques. figs.

Vanneste, M.; Kvalstad, T.J.; Forsberg, C.F.; Pfaffhuber, A. [NGI, Oslo (Norway); ICG, Oslo (Norway); Bunz, S.; Mienert, J. [Tromso Univ., Tromso (Norway)

2010-07-01

199

[Forest biomass and its spatial pattern in Guizhou Province].  

Science.gov (United States)

Based on the forest inventory data of 5500 sampling plots from 1996 to 2000 in Guizhou Province and according to the biomass expansion factors (BEF) of various forest types, the forest biomass in the Province was estimated, with its spatial pattern and its differences between karst and non-karst regions analyzed. In the study period, the total biomass of trees and shrubs on forest and non-forest lands was 3.51 x 10(8) t, 18% and 82% of which came from karst and non-karst regions, respectively. Different forest types had different forest biomass. Forest stands had the highest forest biomass, accounting for 71.4% of the total, and the total forest biomass in karst region was obviously lower than that in non-karst region. Among the dominant tree species and groups, Cunninghamia lanceolata had the highest total biomass (5.38 x 10(7) t), followed by sclerophyll broadleaved woods (4.99 x 10(7) t), Pinus massoniana, P. yunnanensis, and Quercus (2.87 x 10(7) -3.54 x 10(7) t), Cupress (1.52 x 10(7) t) and malacophyll broadleaved woods (1.43 x 10(7) t), and the others (forest biomass (9.83 x 10(7)t) and forest stand biomass (5.88 x 10(7)t) in South Guizhou were 1-2 folds higher than those in Zunyi, Tongren and Qiannan Districts, and far higher than those in Qianxinan, Bijie, Guiyang, Anshun, and Liupanshui Districts (total forest biomass 0.53 x 10(7) -1.85 x 10(7) t and forest stand biomass 0.16 x 10(7) -0.86 x 10(7)t). High biomass (> 400 t x hm(-2)) and medium-high biomass density (100-400 t x hm(-2)) mainly occurred in the bamboo forest and other forest stands in Southeast, East, and Northwest Guizhou, while medium-low biomass (30-100 t x hm(-2)) occurred in the forest and non-forest areas of the Province. Low forest biomass (0-30 t x hm(-2)) mainly occurred in karst region. Overall, the forest biomass in the Province was relatively low, being closely related to the topography of plateau and mountains, the rocky-desertification in karst region, and the shallow soil layer and dry habitat under karst forests, as well as the strong disturbance of human activities. PMID:21608238

Tian, Xiu-Ling; Xia, Jing; Xia, Huan-Bai; Ni, Jian

2011-02-01

200

Climate Change Awareness in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Climate change is one of the most important environmental issues facing the world today. The impact of climate change is a reality and it cuts across all climate-sensitive sectors including the Agriculture sector. It is well documented by several scientists, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and other experts that climate change threatens sustainable economic development and the totality of human existence. This study will enable small scale maize farmers in Mpumalanga province to understand the challenges and the threat posed by climate variability and climate change. The study was conducted in Nkangala District, Mpumalanga province. Mpumalanga province remains the largest production region for forestry and the majority of the people living in Mpumalanga are farmers and they have contributed immensely to promote food security. However, due to the threat by climate variability and change, sectors such as the Agriculture, Water etc are experiencing the following pattern: (a Putting livelihoods and food production at serious risks due to extreme climatic events, climate variability and change. It was noted that there is a need for climate change awareness across the agriculture sector. Currently, there is enough evidence that shows that climate change is affecting different elements of agriculture such as crops and livestock. Random sampling technique was used to select two hundred and fifty farmers to be interviewed. The questionnaires were administrated to household head farmers and included matters relating to household general information, climate change awareness, land characteristics, observation on climate change and agronomic practices including maize production. Data was analysed using the statistical for social sciences (SPSS version 20. Descriptive statistics was used to describe data and Univariate regression analysis was conducted to demonstrate the relationship and association of variables. It was noted that the majority of farmers in this province need capacity building and also climate change awareness initiatives which would assist these farmers to build the adaptive capacity, increase resilience and reduce vulnerability. By coming up with these kind of interventions it is believed that some of these farmers would be able to change their farming methods, diversify their cropping systems and also introduce drought tolerant crops in order for them to have good yields and also be able to generate good income.

Phokele Maponya

2013-09-01

 
 
 
 
201

Geophysics report of Santa Rosa place Canelones province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Hydrogeology Section required to Geophysics Department of the DINAMIGE to carry out this report for Education and Culture Ministery, to study the feasibility of the exploration and exploitation of underground waters located in three properties zones in Santa Rosa's town, Canelones province. By means of the geoeletric methods it was possible to estimate the alluviums thickness ,sedimentary deposits or alteration mantels. The purpose of the present work has been to establish geologic and structural features through vertical electric well by means of which is been able to study the vertical variations of the resistivity .

202

Capillaria philippinensis infection in Khoozestan Province, Iran: case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Intestinal capillariasis was diagnosed in a 30-year-old fisherman from Malihan Village, Khoozestan Province, Iran. He reported a more than two month history of diarrhea, borborygmus, muscular atrophy, and debility. Eggs, larvae, and adults of Capillaria philippinensis were found in his feces. Treatment with mebendazole 400 mg per day for 25 days resulted in clinical and parasitological cure. The patient had reported eating a few small viable fish almost two months before clinical symptoms appeared. This is the first report of this infection from the Middle East. PMID:3605494

Hoghooghi-Rad, N; Maraghi, S; Narenj-Zadeh, A

1987-07-01

203

Status of Shanxi Province's power and coal reserves  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An introduction to Shanxi's coal reserve, production, transportation utilization, electric power generation and transmission capacities is presented with the intention of providing outsiders a clear understanding of Shanxi's coal and power industries. Quantitative sketches of Shanxi's role in China's energy resource production and power generation are included. The province of Shanxi invites investors to visit Shanxi to gain first-hand knowledge. The authors have also taken the liberty of providing the high points of Shanxi's indigenous sceneries and local customs. They believe that in the future, Shanxi's coal based power development will be one of the principal drivers of China's economic growth

204

Lichenicolous fungi in I?d?r province, Turkey  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english As a result of lichenological exploration in the province of I?d?r, Turkey, forty species of lichenicolous fungi belonging to eighteen genera were identified on twenty-seven different lichenized fungi. Four lichenicolous fungi-Arthonia protoparmeliopsidis, Lichenostigma radicans, L. subradians and S [...] clerococcum sphaerale-represent new records for Turkey. In addition, A. protoparmeliopsidis is new to Asia and Gemmaspora lecanorae was found for the second time on Aspicilia sp. Geographical distributions are also presented.

Kenan, Yazici; Javier, Etayo.

2014-03-01

205

Paleomagnetic study of Shanwang formation, Shandong Province, China  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The measured direction of the stable remanence of Shanwang Formation, Shandong Province, is D = 355.8 deg., I = 47.1 deg. According to the axial geocentre dipole model, the paleolatitude there during Miocene was 28.3 deg. N. The corrected value based on far-sided effect is 32.4 deg. N. The uncorrected and corrected pole positions were (81.0 deg. N, 323.1 deg. E) and (84.6 deg. N, 339.7 deg. E) separately. Comparing them with paleo-flora shows that the corrected value of paleolatitude is probably reasonable. (author). 14 refs, 3 figs, 1 tab

206

Peculiarities of sulphur functionalities in the Thracian coal province, Bulgaria  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Thracian coal province in Bulgaria is comprised of three main coal basins, Maritza East, Maritza West and Elhovo, with extremely immature coals (Rr = 0.18-0.21%). These Miocene-Pliocene aged low rank coals (lignites) are characterized by high ash and sulphur contents, and low calorific values. Temperature programmed reduction/oxidation at atmospheric pressure (AP-TPR/TPO), coupled with on-line mass spectrometer (AP-TPR/TPO-MS) and with an off-line gas chromatograph-...

Kostova I; Carleer R; Yperman J

2005-01-01

207

Mammalia, Didelphimorphia and Rodentia, central Santa Fe Province, Argentine.  

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Full Text Available Three owl pellets samples collected in the localities of Pedro Gómez Cello (= Estación Km. 197;30°02’14” S, 60°18’56” W, Colonia Silva (= Estación Abipones; 30°26’59” S, 60°25’58” W and Jacinto L. Arauz(30°44’01” S, 60°58’31” W, Province of Santa Fe, Argentina, were studied. We registered 11 genera of smallmammals, including Didelphidae marsupials (1 species, and Caviidae (1, Cricetidae (10, and Muridae (1rodents. We documented the southernmost record for Pseudoryzomys simplex and the first and second recordinglocalities for Santa Fe of Oligoryzomys nigripes and Graomys chacoensis, respectively.

Teta, P.

2010-01-01

208

Economic Analysis of Production of Greenhouse Products in Kerman Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Kerman province is the largest producer of greenhouse cucumber and tomato in Iran. This paper calculates the interest rate of return (IRR and return period of investment (RPI in vegetable, cut flowers and strawberry in greenhouse and compares them with vegetable grown outdoors. To do the study, a random sample of 309 farmers was selected in the province of Kerman in 2005. Results showed that IRR for vegetable, cut flowers and strawberry in greenhouse was about 20, 14 and 23 respectively, and it was 45/8 percentage per year for vegetable outdoors. RPI for vegetable, cut flowers and strawberry in greenhouse was about 8, 29, and 7 years, respectively. Vegetables Production under greenhouse produces more employment opportunities, has better yields, higher price and efficient use of factors, but it has lower IRR, higher production cost, higher pesticide residue and is more capital intensive in comparison with outdoor production. Improvement of greenhouse credits, enlargement of metal greenhouses, research on yield and development of greenhouses at region 5 are the important policy-making implications of this paper.

H. Mehrabi Basharabadi

2008-07-01

209

Maternal Mortality in Isfahan Province 2001-2006  

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Full Text Available To identify causes of maternal mortality in Isfahan province, summarize case review findings and suggesting strategies for improving maternal outcomes. A descriptive, cross-sectional survey of maternal deaths occurring in Isfahan province of Iran from 2001-2006 was enrolled. All available documents about women who died during pregnancy or within 42 days after termination of pregnancy according to hospital medical records and health system reports were reviewed for demographic data, medical and obstetrical history, failures in management and causes of deaths. Sixty six maternal deaths were recorded during study period. The mean age of them was 29.1±4.7. About 60% of them were illiterate or in elementary school grade. Eighteen woman (27.3% died in prenatal period, 8 (12.1% died during delivery and 40 (60.6% died after delivery. (33.7% of their pregnancies were unplanned. Prenatal care of 40 mothers (60.6% was not satisfactory. The major causative factors were hemorrhage 23 (34.8%, hypertensive disorders 12 (18.2%, cardiovascular disease 11 (16.6%. The failure in managing obstetrical emergences was seen in %55 of maternal deaths. Obstetrical hemorrhage and hypertensive disorders are still major causes of maternal death. A high percentage of maternal deaths are preventable and improving the quality of care in all levels of maternal care and sensitizing health care professional about obstetrical complications is recommended in Isfahan.

Azar Danesh Shahraki

2007-01-01

210

A short history of nuclear activities in Mendoza province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Uranium was found in Mendoza in 1946 in 'Soberania' and 'Independencia' mines. After its creation in 1950 CNEA, together with Cuyo National University (UNC), developed the mining industry starting with the 'Papagayos' mine. It can be considered the beginning of the systematic exploitation of uranium in the country. In course of time the province of Mendoza passed to get one of the most uraniferous reserve of Argentina and it has accumulated the major production till now. However, in the last years there has been opposition to resume the production in the Sierra Pintada Uranium Manufacturing Complex. There was also a powerful land continuous progress in the field of no energetic applications of nuclear techniques in the province. The most outstanding example is the 'School of Nuclear Medicine Foundation', with installations in Mendoza city and in San Rafael. Besides, there is a research and development group in Cuyo National University devoted to the Nuclear Safety. Finally, we can not fail to mention the Auger Pierre Project, which is building in Malargue an observatory for the study of the cosmic rays. (author)

211

Parasitic Infections of Free –Range Chickens from Golestan Province, Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available "nBackground: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, intensity, and species of internal and external parasites of native fowls from Golestan Province, north of Iran. "nMethods: During 2007, different organs of 26 and 24  adult female native fowls  collected   from hu­mid parts (Gorgan, Kord Kooy, Ramian and Bandar Gaz and dry regions  (Gonbad Kavoos, and Ban­dar Torkaman of Golestan Province,  respectively were searched for parasite. Two blood smears taken from each bird were stained with Geimsa. External parasites and nematodes were preserved in 70 % alcohol containing 5% glycerin. Cestodes were fixed in 10% formalin and stained with carmine acid for further studies. "nResults: Fifteen species of parasites were collected from alimentary canals, lungs, feathers and subcu­ta­neous nodules as follows: Alimentary canal: Ascaridia galli (56%, Heterakis gallinarum (24%, Capil­laria anatis (4%, Cheilospirura hamulosa (4%, Raillietina tetragona (58%, R. echinobothrida (6%, and Choanotaenia infundibulum (8%; Lungs: Syngamus trachea (16%; Feathers: Monopon gallinae (40%, Menacanthus stramineus (40%, Liperus caponis (32%, Goniodes dissimilis (38%, Cuclogaster heterographus (8%, Dermanissus gallinae (20% and subcutaneous nodules: Lami­nosioptes cysticola (6%. "nConclusion: The frequency distribution of most species was low. L. cysticola is the first host and distri­bution record for Iran

S Rahbari

2009-07-01

212

Consanguineous marriages in the province of Antalya, Turkey.  

Science.gov (United States)

To assess the trends in the frequency and the medical effects of consanguinity in the south coast of Turkish population using local and national data in the last 11 years. This cross-sectional study was carried out in Manavgat province, which is a major tourism center on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey. The authors studied consanguineous marriages in rural and urban population in the Mediterranean coast, Manavgat province, Turkey, via a 1500 random survey sample of married couples. There has been a significant increase in the incidence of consanguineous marriages in rural areas (40.7%) since 1989 in the southern population of Turkey. The results showed that the most frequent type of marriage was between the first cousins. It is found that there is no statistically significant difference between the consanguineous and non-consanguineous marriages in the different age groups. The results were discussed on the basis of educational status, reasons for having consanguineous marriages and the general medical effects as well as with the relation of congenital malformations. The custom of consanguineous unions in the Mediterranean population of Turkey is still extremely high, and preventive measures should be done to decrease its frequency and associated complications. PMID:15183745

Alper, O M; Erengin, H; Manguo?lu, A E; Bilgen, T; Cetin, Z; Dedeo?lu, N; Lüleci, G

2004-01-01

213

Culicinae mosquitoes in Sanandaj county, Kurdistan province, western Iran  

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Full Text Available Background & objectives: This study aims at studying mosquito-borne diseases as the major publichealth threat in Iran. Sanandaj outskirts are considered suitable habitats for mosquito larvae. Inview of scanty reports on mosquito-borne disease implementation in this area, a study was undertakento determine the mosquito fauna and frequency of mosquito larvae at Sanandaj City.Methods: In order to study the mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae fauna, the samples were collectedfrom May to July 2009 using dipping and night catch methods in Sanandaj district, Kurdistanprovince, western Iran.Results: Three genera and 11 species of the Culicinae subfamily were identified—Aedes vexansMeigen, Ochlerotatus caspius s.l. Pallas (indicating new occurrence records for the province,Culex hortensis Ficalbi, Cx. pipiens Linnaeus, Cx. mimeticus Noe, Cx. theileri Theobald, Culisetalongiareolata Macquart, and Cs. subochrea Edwards.Interpretation & conclusion: Present study revealed that Ae. vexans and Ochlerotatus caspius s.lcaught had not been previously recorded in Kurdistan province, highlighting the deficient knowledgeof the fauna and distribution of Culicinae mosquitoes of this part of Iran

S.H. Moosa Kazemi

2010-06-01

214

"Seroepidemiology of Hydatid Cyst in Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari Province, Iran"  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Hydatid cyst is the larval stage of the cestode worm Echinococcus granulosus, which causes echinococcosis in human and some other mammalian. Iran is located in endemic zone of this disease and Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari province, due to existence of sheep husbandry jobs, has a potential for high prevalence of the disease, . Therefore, this investigation was carried out to study seroepidemiology of hydatic cyst in human in this area. In this descriptive study, 1000 serum samples from blood donors and 1524 from patients referred to clinical laboratories of the province, were subjected to immunoelectrophoresis to detect seropositive cases for hydatid cyst. The prevalence of hydatid cyst in sample population (2524 were 4.8 percent. The infection rate of the disease among males and females was 4.4% and 5.1% respectively. Lordegan city had the highest rate of the infection while Ardal city had the lowest one. Blood donors had a lower infection rate compared with patients referred to clinical laboratories. The results of this investigation revealed that there was a major difference between the prevalence of hydatid cyst in Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari and that of some other parts of the world.

H Yousefi Darani

2003-08-01

215

Recurrence of great earthquakes and tsunamis, Aceh Province, Sumatra  

Science.gov (United States)

The timing and characterization of ancient earthquakes and tsunamis inferred from a variety of geologic studies in Aceh Province, Sumatra, are helping to understand predecessors of the 2004 event in the Indian Ocean region. We report results from three different depositional environments along the western and northern coast of Aceh Province, Sumatra, that illuminate the history of tsunamis through the past several millennia. Within a coastal cave along the western coast is an extraordinary sedimentary deposit that contains a 7,000-year long sequence of tsunami sands separated by bat guano. In two sea cliff exposures along the northern coast of Aceh is evidence for two closely timed predecessors of the giant 2004 tsunami that destroyed communities along the coast about 500 years ago. In addition, coastal wetlands along the western coast document land-level changes and tsunamis associated with the earthquake cycle in the early- to mid-Holocene. Together these records show a marked variability in recurrence of large tsunamis along the Acehnese coast. Time between inundations averages close to 500 years but range from a few centuries to a millennium.

Rubin, C. M.; Horton, B.; Sieh, K.; Pilarczyk, J.; Hawkes, A. D.; Daly, P.; Kelsey, H. M.; McKinnon, E.; Ismail, N.; Daryono, M. R.

2013-12-01

216

A probe into reasons for international migration in Fujian Province.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, the author discusses the extent of international migration from China's Fujian Province and considers the reasons behind the migration. The most recent estimates place China's overseas population at 22.1 million, 19 million (88%) of which are concentrated in Southeast Asia. According to the author's calculations, at least 7 million of the Chinese overseas population are of Fujian descent. Indonesia alone holds some 3.3 million Fujianese. Malaysia, Singapore, and the Philippines account for most of the remaining Fujianese overseas population. Having established the extent of international migration from the Fujian Province, the author attempts to establish the reasons behind it. The author first considers the historical origins of Fujianese international migration, from its early states (end century B.C.-17th century) to modern times *18-early 20th century) to the current period (1949-present). The author then examines the reasons behind the migration, primarily the social environment and individual behavior. Finally, the author provides categories of international migration, stressing that these categories often overlap or coincide. Most of the early migration was "spontaneous" -- essentially, an unplanned occurrence. During the modern period, most migration was "forced" by the contract labor system instituted by colonialists. Political and social upheaval also prompted "provoked" international migration. And following the Chinese Revolution, "free" migration allowed many to return home or to join relative abroad. PMID:12284987

Zhu, G

1990-01-01

217

Preliminary Study on Development of Industry Tour in Liaoning Province  

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Full Text Available
Industry tour in our country is a newborn newborn product.. But, it hasvery strong practical significiance in the process of reforming and reconstruct of Northeast Old Industry. This article starts from the definition of industry tour, demonstrate the function of Industry tour, then combines the real situation of Liaoning Province to analyze the advantages, disadvantages , challenges and opportunities by using SWOT method and puts forward the development pattern of Liaoning Industry tour.
Key words: tourism, industry tour, potential
Résumé: L’industrie de tourisme est encore un produit nouveau-né. Mais, elle revêt une signification bien pratique dans le processus de la réforme et de la reconstruction de l’ancienne industrie du Nord-est. Le présent article, commençant par la définition de l’industrie de tourisme, démontre la fonction de cette industrie, combine la situation réelle de la province du Liaoning pour analyser les avantages, désavantages, défis et opportunités en utilisant la méthode SWOT et met en avant le modèle de développement de l’industrie de tourisme du Liaoning.
Mots-Clés: tourisme, industrie de tourisme, potentiel

Miao-yan LI

2007-12-01

218

An outbreak of canine aflatoxicosis in Gauteng Province, South Africa  

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Full Text Available Sporadic outbreaks of aflatoxicosis occur in dogs when they consume contaminated dog food. During 2011, low-cost brands of pelleted dog food were contaminated with very high concentrations of aflatoxins. Approximately 100 dogs were presented to the Onderstepoort Veterinary Academic Hospital. Clinically, the dogs were depressed to collapsed and icteric, with haematemesis, melaena and haematochezia. The most common pathological findings were icterus, gastro-enterorrhagia and hepatosis. On histopathological examination, fatty hepatosis and bile duct proliferation were observed. A consistent, very characteristic finding was the presence of a blue-grey granular material within the bile ducts. A total of 124 samples of the dog food fed to the affected dogs was analysed to determine aflatoxin concentrations. Concentrations ranged from below the limit of quantification (< 5 ?g/kg to 4946 ?g/kg and six samples were submitted to determine the ratio of aflatoxins in the feed. It is estimated that well over 220 dogs died in the Gauteng Province of South Africa as a result of this aflatoxin outbreak.

How to cite this article: Arnot LF, Duncan NM, Coetzer H, Botha CJ. An outbreak of canine aflatoxicosis in Gauteng Province, South Africa. Jl S Afr vet Ass. 2012;83(1, Art. #2, 4 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v83i1.2

Luke F. Arnot

2012-04-01

219

Liquefaction Susceptibility in the Northern Provinces of Thailand  

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Full Text Available Problem statement: There are quite a few active faults recently found in the western and northern parts of Thailand, which could possibly induce earthquakes of magnitude (ML of 5.5-6.5. Although seismic design code has been enforced in the area since 1980, the fundamental knowledge on dynamic soil behavior has not been extensively attained. Approach: Collection of existing borehole information in the targeted areas to form a typical subsoil profile. This borehole information, together with analytical result obtained from logistic regression based on worldwide liquefaction database was used to conduct an effective stress analysis. Result: Literature reviews of the existing boreholes from the two largest provinces in the north, Chiang-Mai and Chiang-Rai, revealed that the areas were underlain by layers of loose to medium dense sand found at shallow depths. The corrected SPT N-value of those sand layers varies in the range of 5-20. A simple tool correlating the liquefaction probability, which correlated excess pore water pressure and peak ground acceleration, was proposed for the studied areas. Conclusion: The proposed correlation provided preliminary tool to evaluate risk of the shallow foundation from partial liquefaction in the two northern provinces of Thailand.

Supot Teachavorasinskun

2009-01-01

220

PHYSIC NUT ( JATROPHA CURCAS L. DISEASES IN LAMPUNG PROVINCE  

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Full Text Available Intensifi ed cultivation of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L. could raise the importance of plant diseases. h e objectives of this research were to diagnose diseases occurring on physic nut in Lampung Province and to determine their intensity. Field observation was conducted in four districts: South Lampung, Tanggamus, Bandarlampung, and Tulang Bawang. Disease intensity, whether expressed as disease incidence or severity, was recorded from plant samples determined by making diagonal lines across the fi eld on which fi ve observation spots were made. On each spot, fi ve plant samples were observed. Specimens were also collected and placed individually in plastic bags for laboratory observation. h e diseases found on physic nut in Lampung Province were cercospora leaf spot, alternaria leaf spot, fusarium wilt, and bacterial wilt. In addition, leaf malformation fi rst thought to be viral disease was commonly found in many locations. Further mechanical transmission failed to produce similar symptom on tested plants and higher population of mites were found on malformed leaves than that in normal leaves. Based on the disease distribution and intensity, the most likely threatening disease in physic nut cultivation is bacterial wilt. Fusarium also caused wilt, but it was only found in one subdistrict with low incidence.

TRI MARYONO

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Planting dates zoning of safflower varieties in Esfahan province  

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Full Text Available Extended abstract1- IntroductionTiming coincidence of plant growth and development to suitable climatic conditions is on of the main factor for spring safflower increasing yield. Thus determining and zoning of safflower planting dates is very important. The highest planted area of spring safflower is belonged to Esfahan province. Delay in planting of spring safflower cause faster development, earlier flowering and lower photosynthetic area and these consequently lower yield and yield components. 2- MethodologySpring safflower is an irrigated crop in Esfahan province. For safflower planting dates zoning, thermal data from 1961-2009 were used. These data obtained from 51 synoptic and climatic stations that located in and near of Esfahan province. Because of low density of station especially in east and north east of province, by using the daily mean temperature of these stations interpolation was done by kriging method with surfer software. Cluster analysis on temperature map cells was done by Ward’s method. Thus Esfahan divided to three temperature zones, 1(cold, 2(moderate and 3(warm. Interpolation was done with Radial Basis Function with Completely Regularized Spline method. Start planting in warm, temperate and cold, respectively, with the average temperature day and night to 7, 9 and 12 degrees Celsius and minimum temperature of zero degrees Celsius higher were considered. For determining of suitable planting dates of spring safflower in different parts of Esfahan province 15-day average daily temperature and minimum temperature from January to October were calculated and maps were drawn by GIS.3- DiscussionBased on results in the first thermal zone, includes east and north parts of province, suitable planting dates are from January to March 6. In the second thermal zone, includes south eastern and central parts of province, suitable planting dates are from March 7 to April 4. In the third thermal zone, includes other parts of province, suitable planting dates are from April 5 to May 21.4- Conclusion By considering of thermal requirements of safflower if the crop cultivated in suitable planting date, it shall not face to limited temperature.Key words: safflower, planting date, temperature, zoning ReferencesAckerman, S. A. and Knox, J. A. (2007, Meteorology, Understanding the Atmosphere. 2th-ed., Thomson Brooks. Chao, M. H. and Tae, R. H. (2000, Purification and characterization of precarthamin decarboxylase from the yellow of Carthamus tinctorius L. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. 382:238-244.Dadashi, N. and Khajehpour, M. R. (2004, Effects of temperature and day length on developmental stages of safflower genotypes under field conditions, J. Sci. & Technol. Agric. & Natur. Resour, 7:83-102.Elias, S., Basil, S. and Kafka, R. (2002, Response of safflower (Carthamus tinctoruios L. to saline soils and irrigation: I. Consumptive water use, Agricultural Water Management, 54, 67-80.Emami, T., Naseri,, R., Falahi, H. and Kazemi, E. (2011, Response of yield, yield component and oil content of safflower (cv Sina to planting date and plant spacing on row in rainfed conditions of western Iran, American Eurasian J. Agric & Environ. Sci., 10(10:947-953.Froozan, k. (2005, Safflower production in Iran (past, now, future, (2005, pp 255-257.paper presented at the Sixth International Safflower Conference, June 6-10. 2005. Istanbul, Turkey.Jajarmi, V., Azizi, M., Shadlu, A. and Omidi Tabrizi, A.H. (2009,The effect of density, variety and planting date on yield and yield components of safflower. 2009. pp.235-241. paper presented at the 7th International Safflowr Conference. June10-14. 2009. Wagga Australia.khajehpour, M. R. (2004, Industrial crops, Isfahan, Iran, Jehad of Isfahan Uni.TechMohamadzadeh, M., Siadat, S.A.., Norof, M.S. and Naseri, R. (2011, The effects of planting date and row spacing on rain fed conditions. American-Erasian J. Agric and Enviro. Sci.,10(2:200-206.Montazeri, M.(2005, An analysis of tempo-spatial variation of temperature in Iran during the last half century, Isfahan, Iran, Isfah.

T. Yasari

2013-01-01

222

Energy balances for the province Drenthe, Netherlands; Energiebalansen provincie Drenthe  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

ECN Policy Studies performed an analysis of energy use and renewable energy in Drenthe in 2010 and 2020 for the province of Drenthe. It is based on a parallel investigation with respect to energy demand, renewable energy, and emissions, among which greenhouse gas emissions, for the Netherlands, to be published in September 2012. The energy use is detailed by economic sector. Also, the study provides relatively detailed estimates of renewable energy production in Drenthe in 2010 and 2020. The results may be used by the province to underpin their strategy with regard to their energy efficiency, renewable energy, and environmental policy. [Dutch] De provincie Drenthe heeft ECN Beleidsstudies gevraagd om energiebalansen op te stellen voor de provincie voor de jaren 2010 en 2020. De resultaten van het onderzoek kunnen de provincie helpen bij kwantitatieve onderbouwing van het energie- en milieubeleid. Wat betreft de Drentse energievoorziening wordt onderscheid gemaakt naar de volgende sectoren: Huishoudens; Handel, diensten en overheid (HDO); Land- en tuinbouw; Energiesector; Industrie; en Verkeer en vervoer.

Lako, P.; Daniels, B.W.; Kroon, P.; Lensink, S.M.; Plomp, A.J.; Sipma, J.M.; Tigchelaar, C.; Vethman, P.; Volkers, C.H.; Wetzels, W. [ECN Beleidsstudies, Petten (Netherlands)

2012-07-15

223

Incidence of Low Birth Weight in Mazandaran Province, Northern Iran  

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Full Text Available Objectives: Low Birth Weight (LBW has an important role in the mortality and morbidity of neonates and the incidence of LBW may vary across different environments. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and some related factors of LBW in Mazandaran province, Northern Iran.Methods: In this longitudinal study, all live births that were born in 5 maternity hospitals in Mazandaran province, north of Iran in 2011, were evaluated. Data including birth weight, sex, maternal age, gestational age, living location, number of pregnancy and delivery, as well as multiple births were recorded in medical files. LBW neonates were compared with neonates whose birth weight was more than 2,500 gram (control group.Results: Out of 3792 infants, 2.9% (CI 95%: 2.3-3.3 were of low birth weight. Sixty percent of the infants in the LBW group and 8.3% in the control group were preterm, (p0.05.Conclusion: Results show that the incidence of LBW in Mazandaran was low and prevention of preterm labor, educational intervention programs for high risk can be effective in the prevention of low birth weight.

Mohammad Khorshidi

2013-01-01

224

Phenolic characterization of malbec wines from mendoza province (Argentina).  

Science.gov (United States)

Malbec is a wine grape variety that is now mainly produced in Mendoza and considered to be the emblematic cultivar of Argentina. Forty-four phenolic compounds, including hydroxybenzoic and hydroxycinnamic acids and different flavonoids, were identified and quantified in 61 monovarietal Malbec wines from 11 geographical zones of Mendoza province, using a reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography system coupled to a diode array detector (HPLC-DAD). Among non-flavonoids, gallic, cis-caftaric, trans-coutaric, and caffeic acids presented the higher concentrations in all of the samples, whereas trans-resveratrol glucoside was present at concentrations from 0.6 to 1.3 mg/L. For the flavonoids, (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin presented the higher concentrations among flavan-3-ols with a ratio (+)-catechin/(-)-epicatechin from 1.3 to 2.1. An astilbin derivative and quercetin presented the higher concentrations for flavonols, whereas malvidin-3-glucoside and its derivatives were the major anthocyanins. For the first time the phenolic composition of Malbec wines from Mendoza province has been characterized. PMID:20055443

Fanzone, Martín; Peña-Neira, Alvaro; Jofré, Viviana; Assof, Mariela; Zamora, Fernando

2010-02-24

225

[Intestinal parasitoses detected in primary schoolchildren in the Van province].  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was carried out on school children in primary schools in the Van province in order to investigate the distribution of intestinal parasitoses. The study was conducted in 7-15 year-old primary schoolchildren during the years from 2003-2005. Stool specimens were taken from 2975 school children; of these, 1289 were female and 1686, male. The specimens were examined by native-Lugol, flotation and trichrome staining methods in the parasitology laboratory of the Health Research and Training Hospital, Yüzüncü Yil University. One or more parasite species were detected in 1916 (64.4%) stool specimens of 2975 children. Parasitosis was detected in 65.7% of females and in 63.4% of males. Blastocystis hominis, Giardia intestinalis, Entamoeba coli, Iodamoeba butschlii, Chilomastix mesnili, Endolimax nana, Entamoeba histolytica/Entamoeba dispar, Entamoeba hartmanni, Enteromonas hominis, Retortamonas intestinalis, Dientamoeba fragilis, Trichomonas hominis, Ascaris lumbricoides, Hymenolepis nana, Trichuris trichiura, Enterobius vermicularis and Fasciola hepatica were detected in 27.4%, 16.4%, 14.9%, 3.9%, 2.9%, 1.8%, 1.1%, 0.6%, 0.5%, 0.5%, 0.4%, 0.2%, 7.5%, 5.3%, 0.7%, 0.6% and 0.03% of the specimens, respectively. In conclusion, there are still high rates of intestinal parasitoses in school children in this region because care is not taken in hygiene and the socioeconomic status is low in the Van province. PMID:20101580

Ta? Cengiz, Zeynep; Akbayram, Sinan; Ciçek, Mutalip; Yilmaz, Hasan

2009-01-01

226

Crustal architecture of a continental large igneous province  

Science.gov (United States)

The northern Barents Sea was strongly affected by the Cretaceous High Arctic Large Igneous Province through abundant mafic intrusions, eruption of flood basalts, and regional uplift. Recently acquired geophysical data in this region provide a unique opportunity to study in detail crustal architecture of large igneous provinces. A giant dike swarm is identified based on magnetic anomalies coherent over a distance of hundreds of kilometers. Coincident ocean bottom seismometer, multichannel streamer, and gravity data indicate that the surface basalts and shallow sills were associated with feeder systems cross-cutting the entire crust. At the same time, the distribution of dikes exhibits more complex pattern than radially symmetric with respect to the presumable magmatic center in the Alpha Ridge region. Thus, the preferred orientation of dikes could be controlled by both paleostress and pre-existing weaknesses (Early-Late Paleozoic faults). The data do not indicate a thick igneous mafic lower crust while the existence of heavy ultramafic cumulates below the Moho has not been resolved yet. In view of these observations different models of magma transport and related paleo-surface topography are discussed.

Minakov, Alexander; Faleide, Jan Inge; Krupnova, Natalia; Sakoulina, Tamara

2014-05-01

227

Geothermal energy in the Dutch province Noord-Holland. Survey of sites for geothermal energy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Province of North Holland, the Netherlands, commissioned an outlook on the opportunities for geothermal energy in North Holland. The outlook addresses both the opportunities offered underground and possible locations for heat sales that follow from the regional plans of the province.

228

Armillaria root rot in the Canadian prairie provinces. Information report No. -X-329  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Armillaria root rot is one of the most important diseases of forest trees in the prairie provinces of Canada. Information on symptoms, detection, and damage caused by the disease is given. The Armillaria species in the prairie provinces, their geographic distribution and host range is discussed. Means of spread and control of the disease are described.

Mallet, K.I.

1992-01-01

229

Geochronological and chemical surveys of Maracau subvolcanic province - Folha de Santa Quiteria (CE, in Brazil)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The regional geology and geochronological and chemical characteristics of Maracau-CE, in Brazil, subvolcanic province are described. The Brazilian ages of implantation and regional geology are discussed together with the chemical constitution of various lithologic types: the origin and correlation with other subvolcanic provinces in Ceara State are considered. (Author)

230

Romanisation of the population of the eastern part of the Roman province of Dalmatia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

It is considered that the territory of the eastern part of the Roman province of Dalmatia was inhabited by the population of the same ethnic and cultural identity. The process of romanization of population in the eastern part of Roman province of Dalmatia can be research through epigraphic material from gravestone and votive monuments, and morphological characteristics of gravestones.

Zotovi? Radmila M.

2003-01-01

231

Romanisation of the population of the eastern part of the Roman province of Dalmatia  

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Full Text Available It is considered that the territory of the eastern part of the Roman province of Dalmatia was inhabited by the population of the same ethnic and cultural identity. The process of romanization of population in the eastern part of Roman province of Dalmatia can be research through epigraphic material from gravestone and votive monuments, and morphological characteristics of gravestones.

Zotovi? Radmila M.

2003-01-01

232

The analysis report on the development of agricultural product radiation processing industry in Henan province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Thorough investigation and study the problems of sustainable development about radiation processing industry of agricultural products in Henan Province, put forward to promote a series of policies for sustainable development to radiation processing industry of agricultural products in Henan Province. (authors)

233

Moral Education Polices in Five Canadian Provinces: Seeking Clarity, Consistency and Coherency  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper asks the question, "What is the current status of provincial moral education polices in the five Canadian provinces which have mandated or optional moral education programs: Saskatchewan, Ontario, Quebec, British Columbia, and Alberta?" It then offers a response through an analysis of the relevant policies in those provinces that draws…

Leinweber, K.; Donlevy, J. K.; Gereluk, D.; Patterson, P.; Brar, J.

2012-01-01

234

TRADE AND HANDICRAFT INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT FEATURES IN IRKUTSK PROVINCE AT THE END OF XIX CENTURY  

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Full Text Available The article highlights the importance of nature-geographic conditions and factors that determine trade and handicraft industrial features in the Irkutsk Province at the end of the XIX century. The article’s objective is to represent an overall view on handicraft industry background in the Irkutsk Province at the end of XIX Century.

Semina Snezhana Alexandrovna

2012-03-01

235

Presence of the Giant Otter, Pteronura brasiliensis, in the Corrientes Province, Argentina  

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Full Text Available The skull of a giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis recovered in the Corrientes Province from Argentina is described. The skull, which lacks one upper canine and the lower mandible, is believed to be several decades old. This is the first collection of biological material confirming the existence of this species in the province.

Beccaceci M.D.

2000-04-01

236

Presence of the Giant Otter, Pteronura brasiliensis, in the Corrientes Province, Argentina  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The skull of a giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis) recovered in the Corrientes Province from Argentina is described. The skull, which lacks one upper canine and the lower mandible, is believed to be several decades old. This is the first collection of biological material confirming the existence of this species in the province.

Beccaceci M.D.; Waller T.

2000-01-01

237

Problems and Solution on the New-type Rural Endowment Insurance in Hebei Province of China  

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Full Text Available This Paper based on the statistical and research data, analysis the present situation of new-type rural endowment insurance in Hebei province of China, proposed countermeasures to improve the operation mechanism, promote the development of new rural endowment insurance in Hebei province, improving social welfare and happiness, conducive to the harmonious development of society.

Yanfang Gu

2011-08-01

238

China Forest Aboveground Biomass Estimation by Fusion of Inventory and Remote Sensing Data: 1st results from Heilongjiang Province and Yunnan Province  

Science.gov (United States)

Forests play an irreplaceable role in maintaining regional ecological environment, global carbon balance and mitigating global climate change. Forest aboveground biomass (AGB) is an important indicator of forest carbon stocks. Estimating forest aboveground biomass accurately could significantly reduce the uncertainties in terrestrial ecosystem carbon cycle. LIDAR provides accurate information on the vertical structure of forests (Lefsky et al., 2007; Naesset et al., 2004; Pang et al., 2008). Combining airborne LiDAR and spaceborne LiDAR for regional forest biomass retrieval could provide a more reliable and accurate quantitative information in regional forest biomass estimate (Boudreau et al., 2008; Nelson et al., 2009; Pang et al., 2011; Saatchi et al., 2011). The Heilongjiang Province and Yunnan Province are rich in forest resources and suffers intensive forest management activities for timber products. The Heilongjiang Province is typical in temperate forest and the Yunnan Province contains multiple forest types including tropical forest. These two provinces also have good ground inventory system with thousands of permanent field plots. Two campaign consists of in-situ measurement, airborne Lidar data and spaceborne data fusion were designed and implemented. First results show that i). Both spaceborne lidar and forest inventory data are useful for AGB mapping at province level. ii). The combination of spaceborne lidar and forest inventory data gave better biomass estimation with less bias. iii). A pixel level bias mapping was also proposed and gave spatial explicit map of estimation uncertainties. This method will be investigated further with more reference data and tested in other area.

Pang, Y.; Li, Z.; Huang, G.; Sun, G.; Cheng, Z.; Zhang, Z.; Zhang, G.

2013-12-01

239

Epidemiologic and Demographic Survey of Celiac Disease in Khuzestan Province  

Science.gov (United States)

BACKGROUND Celiac disease presents with a wide spectrum of symptoms. This study clarifies different aspects of celiac disease along with the most common patterns of celiac presentation in Khuzestan Province, Iran. METHODS Patients’ information was obtained by evaluation of their files from the archives of the Khuzestan Celiac Society and records at gastroenterologists’ offices in this province. RESULTS Overall, there were 103 (40 males, 63 females) patients included in this study. Patients’ mean ages were 33 ± 11 years (males) and 31.6 ± 11.7 years (females). In terms of geographic distribution, 54.1% resided in the center of the province followed by 26.5% who were residents of the northern area. The rate of employment among men was 70.6% whereas it was 8.3% for women. In terms of education, 21.9% of men and 33.3% of women had academic educations. The rate of matrimony was 80.6% (n=29) for men, 65.4% (n=38) for women and 3.4% (n=2) who were divorced. Mean height was 164 ± 14 cm in men and 157.5 ± 10 cm in women. Mean BMI at the time of presentation was 22.7 in men and 22.6 in women. The most common gastrointestinal (GI) complaints in male patients were diarrhea (35%), reflux (20%), bloating (17.5%), abdominal pain (15%), vomiting (15%) and constipation (7.5%). Female patients experienced diarrhea (49.2%), abdominal pain (31.7%), bloating (31.7%), vomiting (19%), constipation(9.5%) and reflux (7.9%). The most common concomitant non-GI disorders among male patients were anemia (17.1%), thyroid disease (14.3%), and weight loss (14.3%); women experienced anemia (33.9%), thyroid disease (12.5%), and weight loss (7.1%). Approximately half of the patients exhibited symptoms for more than five years prior to diagnosis and 90% were diagnosed by gastroenterologists. Of these, 43% had normal endoscopy results. The most common serologic markers were anti-TTG (69.9%), anti-EMA (27.7%). CONCLUSION Physicians, prior to attributing patients’ symptoms to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), should be aware that patients who present with long-term nonspecific symptoms might possibly have celiac disease. During endoscopy, the threshold for obtaining biopsies should be low. PMID:24872869

Alavinejad, Pezhman; Hajiani, Eskandar; Masjedizadeh, Rahim; Hashemi, Seyed Jalal; Faramarzi, Mohammad; Sebghatollahi, Vahid; Shayesteh, Ali Akbar; Kadkhodae, Ahmad; Jasemi Zergani, Farzad; Asghari, Shahnaz; Farsi, Farnaz

2014-01-01

240

Energy consumption and income in Chinese provinces: Heterogeneous panel causality analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Highlights: ? We examine the Granger causality between GDP and energy use for Chinese provinces. ? We use panel causality techniques and take into consideration panel heterogeneity. ? Homogeneous causality tests fail and we test for panel heterogeneous causality. ? Causality holds for 19 provinces from GDP to energy and in the opposite direction for 14 provinces. ? The results point to the importance of the government’s recent energy-saving policies. -- Abstract: Recently, energy production in China fell behind energy consumption. This poses important challenges for the rapidly growing Chinese economy. As a consequence, the causal relationship between energy consumption and GDP is an important empirical issue. This paper examines Granger causality between energy consumption and GDP in China using province-level data. The current paper extends the Granger causality analysis employed in previous studies by taking into account panel heterogeneity. Specifically, four different causal relationships are examined: homogeneous non-causality (HNC), homogeneous causality (HC), heterogeneous non-causality (HENC), and heterogeneous causality (HEC). HC and HNC hypotheses are rejected for causality in either direction, from GDP to energy or from energy to GDP, which implies that the panel made up of Chinese provinces is not homogeneous. Then, heterogeneous causality tests (HEC ad HENC) are conducted for each province. For the causality running from GDP to energy, 19 provinces exhibit HEC and 11 provinces exhibit HENC. For the causality running from energy to GDP, 14 provinces exhibit HEC and 16 provinces exhibit HENC. The results suggest that the Chinese government should incorporate a regional perspective while formulating and implementing energy policies.

 
 
 
 
241

Moessbauer studies of impactites from Huamalies province in Huanuco Region  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report is about the X-ray diffraction and Moessbauer studies of three impactite samples denominated PMe-8, PMe-9 and PMe-11 from Huamalies Province in Huanuco Region, Peru. When terrestrial rocks are submitted to pressures higher than 60 GP, the majority is completely melted, forming a kind of glass called impactites. X-ray diffraction indicates the presence of quartz as the principal mineralogical phase in all samples. The 57Fe Moessbauer spectra at room temperature of samples PMe-8 and PMe-9 show broadened spectra that were fitted using a distribution model. The most probable field of the magnetic component is 34 T, corresponding to the presence of small particles of goethite, confirmed by the 4.2 K spectrum. For the sample PMe-11, the MS showed the presence of well crystallized hematite.

242

Factor Analysis of Agricultural Innovative Ability in Sichuan Province  

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Full Text Available On the basis of some theories, this paper empirically analyzes on factors that influence the agricultural innovative ability in Sichuan Province by selecting six indices. They are the number of technological person, the financial input of agricultural science and technology, the level of local economic development, the agricultural policy, the number of technologic leaders, and the number of agricultural research institutions. Then I propose some relevant comments. The results indicate that the agricultural policy and the number of technologic leaders strongly influence promoting the innovative capability of agriculture. However, the financial input of agricultural science and technology, the level of local economic development, and the number of agricultural research institutions weakly impact on enhancing the agricultural innovative ability.

Jian Qiang Li

2012-05-01

243

Fish Anisakidae Helminthes in KHuzestan Province, South West of Iran  

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Full Text Available Fish including; Barbus spp, Cyprinus carpio, Liza abu and Aspius vorax have very important role in the economic condition of the rural areas of Khuzestan province. These fish have been consumed as fried or roasted. Inadequately cooked fish, could be served as a source of infection in these communities. For this reasons, 701 fish were trapped from 4 lagoons (Atash, Sobhanieh, Al-hai, Houfel and transported alive to Ahwaz Health Research Center .Their skin, gills, eyes, muscles, intestine and body cavity were examined carefully. In 54 (7.7% of fish,.6 cases of Contracaecum sp. (0.85% and 48 Anisakis sp. (6.8% were identified belong to helminth family of anisakidae. These results suggested that human anisakiasis could be health hazard in these areas.

A Farahnak

2002-09-01

244

Estimating methane emissions from mangrove area in Ranong Province, Thailand  

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Full Text Available This study aimed to estimate methane emissions from the mangrove area of Ranong Province andto explore the factors affecting the emissions, as part of an attempt to evaluate methane contribution to the global methane budget. Methane was measured by using a closed chamber technique and analyzed by a gas chromatograph equipped with a flame ionization detector (FID. The results showed that the annual estimated methane emission was released at approximately 157.32 mg/m2. The amount of methane emission from this mangrove area was lower than in other previously studied areas. Emission rates varied seasonally with the highest rate in the rainy season followed by summer and cold seasons, during which the values were 0.52, 0.27, and 0.19 mg/m2/day, respectively. Seasonal variations of methane emission was related to several factors depending upon field conditions such as water conductivity, soil temperature, and water level.

Suwanchai Nitisoravut

2005-01-01

245

Helminths of freshwater animals from five provinces in northern Thailand.  

Science.gov (United States)

Seven species of fishes, 6 species of mollusks, 1 species of crab, and 1 species of shrimp were collected from 12 natural freshwater sites from 5 provinces: Lumpang, Phrae, Phayao, Chiang Rai and Chiang Mai during the Rainy season of 2000. Fishes, Channa striatus, Dermogenus pusillus, Oxyeleotris marmoratus, Trichogaster trichopterus and Trichopsis vittatus were examined for helminths and 34.69% (17/49) were infected. There were 2 genera of monogenean identified as follows: Dactylogyrus and Trianchoratus; 3 genera of metacercariae were as follows: Acanthostomum, Posthodiplostomum and Stellantchasmus. Furthermore, 1 genus of Acanthocephala was found from fishes to be Pallisentis sp. The prevalence of infection in mollusks was 6.20% (17/274); Pleurolophocercous and Furcocercous cercariae were observed only in one species of mollusks, Melanoides sp. A crab and a shrimp were negative. PMID:12041591

Mard-arhin, N; Prawang, T; Wongsawad, C

2001-01-01

246

CO PARTICIPATION REGIME IN THE PROVINCE OF MISIONES  

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Full Text Available This paper analyzes the mechanism of Co participation between different levels of government in Argentina and seeks, as its central objective, to give an explanation of the failure to find a way to reform the current system since 1988, despite the many project laws presented in the context of the House of Representatives of Misiones. First, one traces the origin of co participation in Misiones and any alterations up to the current scheme was established in 1998. Secondly, a brief analysis of population trends of Misiones to try to show that it is necessary to reform the mechanism for allocating resources for municipalities to later look into the various proposals for reform that took place in the House of Representatives of Misiones, so that finally and as a conclusion and outline brief hypotheses to explain the difficulties to find consensus even with province consensus to achieve change.

José, Garzón Maceda

2011-01-01

247

Rapid environmental change during dynastic transitions in Yunnan Province, China  

Science.gov (United States)

Pollution and eutrophication of Chinese lakes are widely perceived to be 20th century phenomena. However, China has a long history of deforestation, agriculture, mineral resource extraction, and other anthropogenic activities that impact the environment. Here, we present a sediment record from Xing Yun Lake in the Yunnan Province of China that reveals significant alterations to the lake, its ecosystem, and its watershed beginning as early as 500 AD. A comprehensive suite of biogeochemical and isotopic proxies reveal several rapid transitions related to changes in agriculture and lake-level management that coincides with cultural and dynastic transitions. The deterioration of contemporary environmental conditions at Xing Yun arises from a long history of anthropogenic manipulation, eutrophication, and pollution of the lake and its watershed. This study highlights the importance of using historical records of industrial and agricultural activities, including landscape modification, in conjunction with records of climate change, to place present day environmental concerns into a long-term context.

Hillman, Aubrey L.; Yu, JunQing; Abbott, Mark B.; Cooke, Colin A.; Bain, Daniel J.; Steinman, Byron A.

2014-08-01

248

Hepatitis B Infection in Hemodialysis Patients in Tehran Province, Iran  

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Full Text Available Background and Aims: Hemodialysis (HD patients seem to be at considerable risk of acquiring HBV infection. This study was carried out to determine the seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV infection in hemodialysis patients living in the province of Tehran and to investigate the association between viral hepatitis B and the probable risk factors for HD patients..Methods: From June to August 2005, this study was done on the entire HD population of the province of Tehran (2630 patients; 1505 males and 1125 females, mean age: 53.4 years. Social and demographic data, date of onset of HD, length of time receiving HD services, history of a kidney transplant, multiple sex partners, and other probable risk factors were evaluated. Blood samples were tested for liver enzyme levels as well as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV 1, HIV 2, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg, hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs, and hepatitis C antibody (anti-HCV..Results: A total of 64 patients were HBsAg positive (2.4%. The male-to-female ratio was 45/19 for HBsAg-positive patients and 1462/1104 for the remaining patients (P = 0.03, respectively. Except for nationality (P < 0.001, previous kidney transplants (P < 0.001, age (P < 0.001, and transient HD (P < 0.001, no association was found between HBV infection and probable risk factors..Conclusions: Common erythropoietin administration, blood testing for transfusion purposes, implementation of universal precaution in dialysis units as well as the use of dedicated machines for HBV-infected patients has led to a decreasing trend of HBV infection. Periodic surveillance of HBV infection among patients undergoing hemodialysis is strongly recommended.

Mitra Mahdavimazdeh

2009-09-01

249

Assessing the Impacts of Wind Integration in the Western Provinces  

Science.gov (United States)

Increasing carbon dioxide levels and the fear of irreversible climate change has prompted policy makers to implement renewable portfolio standards. These renewable portfolio standards are meant to encourage the adoption of renewable energy technologies thereby reducing carbon emissions associated with fossil fuel-fired electricity generation. The ability to efficiently adopt and utilize high levels of renewable energy technology, such as wind power, depends upon the composition of the extant generation within the grid. Western Canadian electric grids are poised to integrate high levels of wind and although Alberta has sufficient and, at times, an excess supply of electricity, it does not have the inherent generator flexibility required to mirror the variability of its wind generation. British Columbia, with its large reservoir storage capacities and rapid ramping hydroelectric generation could easily provide the firming services required by Alberta; however, the two grids are connected only by a small, constrained intertie. We use a simulation model to assess the economic impacts of high wind penetrations in the Alberta grid under various balancing protocols. We find that adding wind capacity to the system impacts grid reliability, increasing the frequency of system imbalances and unscheduled intertie flow. In order for British Columbia to be viable firming resource, it must have sufficient generation capability to meet and exceed the province's electricity self-sufficiency requirements. We use a linear programming model to evaluate the province's ability to meet domestic load under various water and trade conditions. We then examine the effects of drought and wind penetration on the interconnected Alberta -- British Columbia system given differing interconnection sizes.

Sopinka, Amy

250

Investigation of environmental natural penetrating radiation level in Yunnan Province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The methods and results of the investigation on natural penetrating radiation level in Yunnan Province are presented. 630 25 km x 25 km-grid measuring points were set up uniformly all over the province, with 955 densely measuring points of different types added. The results show that :(1) The area-weighted, population-weighted and point-weighted average value of natural ? radiation dose rate for field is 66.0, 64.8 and 66.7 nGy·h-1, respectively; (2) The point-weighted average value of natural ? radiation dose rate for road is 63.2 nGy·h-1; (3) The population-weighted average and point-weighted value of natural ? radiation dose rate inside building is 91.4 and 93.1 nGy·h-1, respectively; (4) The point-weighted and population-weighted average value of the dose rate inside buildings from cosmic ray is 40.6 and 39.9 nGy·h-1, and outside buildings is 45.6 and 45.1 nGy·h-1, respectively; (5) The point-weighted and population-weighted average value of natural penetrating radiation dose rate inside buildings is 133.7 and 131.3 nGy·h-1, outside buildings is 112.3 and 109.7 nGy·h-1, respectively; (6) The annual effective dose equivalent from natural ? radiation, cosmic ray and natural penetrating radiation is 0.51, 0.36 and 0.88 mSv, respectively; and correspondingly, the annual collective effective dose equivalent is 1.7, 1.2 and 2.9 x 104 man·Sv, respectively

251

Odyssean malaria outbreaks in Gauteng Province, South Africa, 2007 - 2013  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Odyssean malaria refers to malaria transmitted by translocated mosquitoes and is a diagnosis of exclusion, as the probability of finding the responsible vector is miniscule. We believe that road traffic from endemic areas in and around South Africa is the source of most of the infected m [...] osquitoes. Because of the unexpected nature of the disease, diagnosis is often delayed and severe and complicated malaria is common. OBJECTIVES: To describe outbreaks of odyssean malaria during the period 2007 through 2013 in Gauteng Province, South Africa, and to educate healthcare workers about this form of malaria. METHODS: Site visits, environmental hygiene inspections, patient interviews, and entomological investigations for adult mosquitoes and larvae in potential breeding sites were done in each identified outbreak. RESULTS: Over the period, 14 laboratory-proven and 7 probable cases of odyssean malaria were investigated. There were 2 deaths (9.5% case fatality rate, approximately 10 times higher than the national fatality rate for malaria). We describe two recent clusters of cases in detail, and emphasise the importance of clinician awareness of this rare but frequently severe form of malaria. CONCLUSION: Odyssean malaria cases are inevitable in South Africa, given the volume of road, rail and air traffic from malaria risk areas into Gauteng and other non-endemic provinces. It is likely that many cases are missed, owing to the rare and sporadic nature of the condition. Malaria should always be kept in mind as a cause of unexplained fever and thrombocytopenia, even in the absence of a travel history.

J, Frean; B, Brooke; J, Thomas; L, Blumberg.

252

Odyssean malaria outbreaks in Gauteng Province, South Africa, 2007 - 2013  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Odyssean malaria refers to malaria transmitted by translocated mosquitoes and is a diagnosis of exclusion, as the probability of finding the responsible vector is miniscule. We believe that road traffic from endemic areas in and around South Africa is the source of most of the infected m [...] osquitoes. Because of the unexpected nature of the disease, diagnosis is often delayed and severe and complicated malaria is common. OBJECTIVES: To describe outbreaks of odyssean malaria during the period 2007 through 2013 in Gauteng Province, South Africa, and to educate healthcare workers about this form of malaria. METHODS: Site visits, environmental hygiene inspections, patient interviews, and entomological investigations for adult mosquitoes and larvae in potential breeding sites were done in each identified outbreak. RESULTS: Over the period, 14 laboratory-proven and 7 probable cases of odyssean malaria were investigated. There were 2 deaths (9.5% case fatality rate, approximately 10 times higher than the national fatality rate for malaria). We describe two recent clusters of cases in detail, and emphasise the importance of clinician awareness of this rare but frequently severe form of malaria. CONCLUSION: Odyssean malaria cases are inevitable in South Africa, given the volume of road, rail and air traffic from malaria risk areas into Gauteng and other non-endemic provinces. It is likely that many cases are missed, owing to the rare and sporadic nature of the condition. Malaria should always be kept in mind as a cause of unexplained fever and thrombocytopenia, even in the absence of a travel history.

J, Frean; B, Brooke; J, Thomas; L, Blumberg.

2014-05-01

253

Uranium provinces of the Indian subcontinent and surroundings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Two major regions of India, the Peninsular Indian Shield and the Himalayan Orogen, host a variety of uranium deposits and occurrences. The uranium provinces identified in the Indian Shield include four contiguous regions. The most predominant uranium mineralizations are of the hydrothermal disseminated and vein types, the quartz-pebble conglomerate type and the sandstone type. Uranium also occurs in association with phosphorites and black shales in the Himalayan region and parts of the Indian Shield. Some of the hydrothermal deposits have peneconcordant gradational stratabound characteristics suggestive of an initial syngenetic character and subsequent remobilization into zones of major tectonic and later magmatic activity. Many of the provinces are intimately associated with polymetallic mineralization, especially copper, nickel and molybdenum, as exemplified by the Singhbhum uranium-copper belt of eastern India. A broad time-bound character can be assigned to the mineralizations. Early quartz-pebble conglomerate mineralization during the period 2600 to 2900 million years (Ma) is followed by subsequent hydrothermal shear controlled mineralization in the time ranges 1600 to 1400 and 1200 to 700 Ma. In the Phanerozoic, uranium has been recycled into sedimentary basins from the earlier belts of Precambrian mineralization. This has resulted in sediments highly enriched in uranium in the Permo-Carboniferous, Cretaceous and Mio-Plio-Pleistocene sedimentary sequences. The go-Pleistocene sedimentary sequences. The geological knowledge gained by exploration efforts in the Indian subcontinent, with regard to the uranium potential in specific tectonic and lithostratigraphic horizons, has relevance in identifying favourable target areas in the adjoining countries of South-East Asia. 57 refs, 3 figs, 6 tabs

254

Malignant Salivary Glands Tumors in Kerman Province: A Retrospective Study  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Malignant salivary glands tumors (MSGTs are uncommon cancers. The most common site of these cancers is the parotid gland. Some investigations show these cancers preference for males than females. The majority of MSGTs arise in sixth decade of human life. According to the literature review for the present work, there is a few epidemiological researches about MSGTs in Iran and especially there isn't any study in Kerman province. So the aim of this study was investigation the incidence, sex, age, histological types, and site distribution of MSGTs in the Kerman province during the time period from March 1991 to March 2002.Methods and Materials: Documents and records of 70 patients with MSGTs diagnosed from March 1991 to March 2002 were reviewed. The patients' records were analyzed based on gender, age, location, and histopathological type of the tumor. Data were analyzed by SPSS-13.5 statistical software using t-test, chi-square, and ANOVA tests.Results: During this period of time, 70 cases (43men, 27 women of MSGTs had been diagnosed. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma was the most common cancer (30% and the parotid was the most affected site (70%. The age range was 10-86 years old with the overall mean age of 50.18 ± 17.97.Discussion: Despite a considerable volume of literatures written about MSGTs in many countries, the incidence of these cancers haven't as yet been thoroughly documented or analyzed in Iran. However, comparison between the findings of this study with the results of other investigations showed a relative consistency.

M.S. Hashemi Pour

2007-01-01

255

The burden of imported malaria in Gauteng province  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: To describe the burden of malaria in Gauteng Province, and to identify potential risk factors for severe disease. DESIGN: We conducted a prospective survey of malaria cases diagnosed in hospitals throughout Gauteng from December 2005 to end November 2006. OUTCOME MEASURES: Malaria freque [...] ncy, severity, and treatment. RESULTS: We identified 1 701 malaria cases; 1 548 (91%) were seen at public sector hospitals and 153 (9%) at private hospitals; 1 149 (68%) patients were male. Median age was 27 years (range 1 month - 89 years). Most (84%) infections were presumed to be acquired in Mozambique. Disease severity did not differ by age or sex. Patients who were South Africanborn were more likely to have severe disease (OR=1.43 (1.08 - 1.91)), as were patients who experienced a delay >48 hours between onset of symptoms and diagnosis or treatment (OR=1.98 (1.48 - 2.65)). While most patients appropriately received quinine, only 9% of severe malaria cases received the recommended loading dose. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of malaria in Gauteng was higher than previously reported, emphasising the need to prevent malaria in travellers by correct use of non-drug measures and, when indicated, malaria chemoprophylaxis. Disease severity was increased by delays between onset and treatment and lack of partial immunity. Providers should consult the latest guidelines for treatment of malaria in South Africa, particularly about treatment of severe malaria. A change in drug policy to artemisinin combination therapy for imported uncomplicated malaria in non-malaria risk provinces should be strongly considered.

Ingrid B, Weber; Lee, Baker; Joy, Mnyaluza; Maila J, Matjila; Karen, Barnes; Lucille, Blumberg.

2010-05-01

256

Peculiarities of sulphur functionalities in the Thracian coal province, Bulgaria  

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Full Text Available The Thracian coal province in Bulgaria is comprised of three main coal basins, Maritza East, Maritza West and Elhovo, with extremely immature coals (Rr = 0.18-0.21%. These Miocene-Pliocene aged low rank coals (lignites are characterized by high ash and sulphur contents, and low calorific values. Temperature programmed reduction/oxidation at atmospheric pressure (AP-TPR/TPO, coupled with on-line mass spectrometer (AP-TPR/TPO-MS and with an off-line gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer (GC-MS, were applied to the qualitative and semi-quantitative analysis of sulphur functionalities in representative samples from each basin of the coal province. Carbonates and mineral sulphur were removed by preliminary treatment with diluted acids at mild conditions to prevent effects on the TPR kinetograms. This treatment mainly removed the mineral sulphur, and its effects on organic sulphur were insignificant. Most of the organic sulphur in the Thracian lignites occurs in thiophenic structures (~ 60%. The TPR-MS profiles showed the presence of alkyl and aryl thiols, dialkyl and aryl-alkyl sulphides and thiophenes. The main organic sulphur compounds registered by the off-line AP-TPR-GC-MS were highly volatile compounds (thiols, sulphides, disulphides, alkylated thiophenes, and a lesser proportion of benzothiophenes. The disulphides (-SS- are relatively abundant in the Maritza East and Elhovo lignites. They are probably the main aliphatic sulphur species in the coal's organic matter. Aliphatic chains with sulphur bridges are also principal structural functionalities in the Maritza West organic matter. Aromatic compounds with two aromatic rings and high degrees of substitution could be key organic structures in the studied lignites.

Marinov S P

2005-03-01

257

Large Igneous Province Volcanism, Ocean Anoxia and Marine Mass Extinction  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Past global marine mass extinction events are often linked to terrestrial Large Igneous Province (LIP) volcanism, but exact mechanisms driving extinction are often not well constrained. We studied two of Earth’s largest mass extinction events, at the Triassic-Jurassic (~201.4 Ma) and Permian-Triassic (~252 Ma) boundaries, which coincide with Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) and Siberian Trap volcanism, respectively. The Triassic-Jurassic mass extinction is often contributed to carbon release driven ocean acidification while the Permian-Triassic mass extinction is suggested to be related to widespread ocean anoxia. We compare Permian-Triassic and Triassic-Jurassic ocean redox change along continental margins in different geographic regions (Permian-Triassic: Greenland, Svalbard, Iran; Triassic-Jurassic: UK, Austria) and discuss its role in marine mass extinction. Speciation of iron [(FeHR/ FeT) and (FePY/ FeHR)] and redox-sensitive trace element concentrations (e.g. Mo, V etc.) show that the Triassic-Jurassic marine mass extinction directly coincides with a rapid shift to anoxic and euxinic conditions at the onset of CAMP volcanism and increased atmospheric pCO2. Biotic recovery after the extinction event only commences when redox-conditions return from a euxinic to a ferruginous state and stabilization of marine ecosystems only commences after decreasing atmospheric pCO2 and a return to more oxic marine conditions. Iron-speciation at both the Triassic-Jurassic and Permian-Triassic mass extinctions however shows 2 phases of euxinia along continental margins, with an initial short peak at the onset of volcanism followed by a shift to ferruginous conditions, possibly due to a strongly diminished ocean sulphate reservoir because of massive initial pyrite burial. D34Spyrite suggests that following prolonged (several 100kyr) euxinic conditions only commence when the ocean sulphate reservoir is replenished by the release of sulphur from volcanism.

Ruhl, Micha; Bjerrum, Christian J.

2013-01-01

258

Designing a Temple Stay Program Based on the One in Nong Khai Province, Thailand  

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Full Text Available The aims of this research are to study 1 tourists’ opinions and demands for Temple Stay Program (TSP based on the one in Nong Khai province, Thailand and 2 guidelines to design TSP based on the one in Nong Khai province, Thailand. The Mix method was applied and for the quantitative method, 400 questionnaires were collected and the data was analyzed using mean, standard deviation and Chi-square tests. For the qualitative data, a focus group discussion was organized. The participants included monks, academics, tourism entrepreneurs, involved public organizations and local philosophers who proposed guidelines to design TSP based on the one in Nong Khai province, Thailand. The results showed that most of the tourists approved of the TSP in Nong Khai province, which has religious activities in tourism to enhance awareness of Thai religious values. Tourists’ demands for TSP similar to the one in Nong Khai province, Thailand are at a high level. Guidelines to design TSP based on the one in Nong Khai province, Thailand include 1 establishing an official center of information for TSP in Nong Khai province 2 planning diversity for TSP packages 3 creating diverse and meaningful activities for TSP 4 establishing a training course on local handicrafts or local food for tourists, and 5 expanding roles of monks as guides in Buddhist cultural and local tradition activities.

Thirachaya Maneenetr

2014-06-01

259

[GIS-based analysis of the land suitability for manure application in the northeastern provinces].  

Science.gov (United States)

As an important industrial and grain production base of China, livestock and poultry industry have been rapidly developed in the northeastern provinces. With the rapid increasing amount of animal production, how to handle the huge amount of animal manure has become a critical issue for local government. A quantitative analysis based on geographic information system (GIS) combining the biophysical, environmental, social and economic factors was applied to determine the land suitability for manure application in the northeastern provinces. The results show that a farmland area of 211942.7 km2, accounting for 78.9% of the cultivated land in three northeastern provinces, is estimated to be suitable for manure application. The suitable farmlands are mostly distributed in Heilongjiang and Jilin provinces. Proximity to residential area, water body and roads are identified as the primary factors influencing the manure application, while rainfall is the main factor to generate discrepancies in different areas. Furthermore, the future potential capacity for animal production in three provinces was forecasted based on the areas of suitable land and the population of existing livestock production. Among 36 cities of three provinces, the big variation is observed, Siping City is overproducing 1.813 million heads of pig unit at present, but Qiqihaer City still has the potential to rear 11.203 million heads of pig unit. Overall, eastern region of the study area holds the high potential for animal production with a surplus capacity of 2.842 million heads of pig unit, the potential of the typical mountain and forest areas is only 10% of eastern region, however. In contrast, in half of western region (central Liaoning province and central Jilin Province), their animal populations have exceeded the land carrying capacity. Therefore, we strongly suggest a site-specific animal production and manure application guide to achieve a sustainable development of livestock production in the northeastern provinces. PMID:20527197

Li, Yan-xia; Li, Wei; Han, Wei; Yang, Ming; Dong, Yun-she; Lin, Chun-ye; Zhang, Feng-song; Xiong, Xiong

2010-04-01

260

Methods and Characteristics of Political Participation by Private Entrepreneurs --- A Case Study of Zhejiang Province  

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Full Text Available With continuous expansion of the team of private entrepreneurs in Zhejiang Province, strengthened economic power of private entrepreneurs and improvement of their comprehensive quality, the methods of political participation by private entrepreneurs in Zhejiang Province is also continuously enlarged. Political participation is mainly reflected in the three methods of institutionalization, de-institutionalization and non-profit participation. At present, political participation of private entrepreneurs in Zhejiang Province has three characteristics, namely, strengthened political participation consciousness, utilitarian motive of political participation and limited functions of political participation.

Yuxin Wu

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Problems and Countermeasures of Tour-Guide Services in Liaoning Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Tourism of Liaoning Province is developing with a fast speed. High quality services provided by tour guides are necessary for the development of the industry. However, in recent years, the quality and ability of the tour guides in Liaoning Province are both downgrading, and many problems in the process of service are popping up one after another. Therefore, the research into the problems of the tour-guide services in Liaoning Province has great realistic significance.
Key words: Tour-guide service; Satisfaction; Good faith

Anna YE

2012-06-01

262

Uranium resources evaluation based on iso-density map in Hunan and Guangxi provinces  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

According to the method of iso-density compilation and prognostication, a series of contour maps of Hunan and Guangxi Provinces are made with exploration intensity, grade and distribution of uranium deposits. Metallogenic potential of uranium resources in Hunan and Guangxi Provinces is evaluated in the way of favorable geological condition forecasted potential reserves and economic evaluation of ore-leaching. Miaoershan ore field, Lujing ore field, Dawan ore field are selected as the key uranium exploration areas. Meanwhile, the inner-pluton subtype and outer-pluton subtype of granite type uranium deposit are proposed as the main target for the exploration in two provinces. (authors)

263

Mortalidad materna en Granma / Mother mortality in Granma province  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: la mortalidad materna es un indicador sensible sobre salud y está asociado al desarrollo social. Su tasa se mantiene elevada a nivel mundial los países en desarrollo son los más afectados por esta problemática. Objetivos: mostrar el comportamiento de la mortalidad materna en Granma en [...] el periodo del 1995 al 2010, describir el comportamiento de las defunciones según tasa general y directa de muerte materna por año, mes, sitio de ocurrencia, municipio y causa. Métodos: estudio descriptivo retrospectivo sobre mortalidad materna en el periodo desde 1995 hasta el 2010 en la provincia Granma, Cuba. Los resultados se expusieron en tablas simples en números, porcentajes y tasas. Resultados: la tasa de mortalidad general y directa mas elevada (84,4 y 67,4 x 100 000 nacidos vivos, respectivamente) se reportó en el año 1995, mientras que la más baja fue en el 2010 (9,5), en el que no hubo muertes maternas de causa directa. Las defunciones fueron más frecuentes en el mes de enero, agosto y diciembre. Las pacientes fallecieron mayoritariamente en el hospital "Carlos M. de Céspedes" de Bayamo y en el "Celia Sánchez Manduley" de Manzanillo. Los municipios que más fallecidas tuvieron fueron Manzanillo y Bayamo. Predominó la hemorragia como principal causa de muerte, seguida por el embolismo de líquido amniótico. Conclusiones: la tasa de muerte materna general y directa por meses y años en el periodo desde 1995 hasta el 2010 en la provincia Granma en Cuba ha disminuido de forma evidente, aunque su descenso no ha sido uniforme por lo que se impone perfeccionar las estrategias para resolver esta compleja problemática de salud. Abstract in english Mother mortality is a sensible health indicator and is associated with the social development. Its rate remains high at world level, the developing countries are the more affected by this problem. Objective: To show the behavior of mother mortality in Granma province from 1995 to 2010, to describe t [...] he course of deceases according to the general and direct rate of mother death by year, month, place of occurrence, municipality and cause. Methods: a retrospective and descriptive study was conducted on the mother mortality from 1995 to 2020 in the Granma province. Results are showed in single tables, figures, percentages and rates. Results: the higher general and direct mortality rate (84.4 and 67.4 x 100 000 life births, respectively) was reported in 1995, whereas the lowest one was reported in 2020 (9.5) without mother death of direct cause. Deceases were more frequent in January, August and December. Most patients died in the "Carlos Manuel de Céspedes" Hospital of Bayamo and in the "Celia Sánchez Manduley" Hospital of Manzanillo. The municipalities with more deceases were Bayamo and Manzanillo municipalities. There was predominance of hemorrhage as the major cause of death, followed the amniotic fluid embolism. Conclusions: the general and direct mother death cause by months and years from 1995 to 2010 in Granma province has obviously decreased although its decrease has not been uniform thus it is necessary to improve the strategies to solve the complex health problem.

María Margarita, Millán Vega; César, Sánchez Alarcón; Rafael, Rodríguez Reytor; Ana Rosa, Rodríguez Cañete; Yarine, Fajardo Tornes.

264

Mortalidad materna en Granma / Mother mortality in Granma province  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: la mortalidad materna es un indicador sensible sobre salud y está asociado al desarrollo social. Su tasa se mantiene elevada a nivel mundial los países en desarrollo son los más afectados por esta problemática. Objetivos: mostrar el comportamiento de la mortalidad materna en Granma en [...] el periodo del 1995 al 2010, describir el comportamiento de las defunciones según tasa general y directa de muerte materna por año, mes, sitio de ocurrencia, municipio y causa. Métodos: estudio descriptivo retrospectivo sobre mortalidad materna en el periodo desde 1995 hasta el 2010 en la provincia Granma, Cuba. Los resultados se expusieron en tablas simples en números, porcentajes y tasas. Resultados: la tasa de mortalidad general y directa mas elevada (84,4 y 67,4 x 100 000 nacidos vivos, respectivamente) se reportó en el año 1995, mientras que la más baja fue en el 2010 (9,5), en el que no hubo muertes maternas de causa directa. Las defunciones fueron más frecuentes en el mes de enero, agosto y diciembre. Las pacientes fallecieron mayoritariamente en el hospital "Carlos M. de Céspedes" de Bayamo y en el "Celia Sánchez Manduley" de Manzanillo. Los municipios que más fallecidas tuvieron fueron Manzanillo y Bayamo. Predominó la hemorragia como principal causa de muerte, seguida por el embolismo de líquido amniótico. Conclusiones: la tasa de muerte materna general y directa por meses y años en el periodo desde 1995 hasta el 2010 en la provincia Granma en Cuba ha disminuido de forma evidente, aunque su descenso no ha sido uniforme por lo que se impone perfeccionar las estrategias para resolver esta compleja problemática de salud. Abstract in english Mother mortality is a sensible health indicator and is associated with the social development. Its rate remains high at world level, the developing countries are the more affected by this problem. Objective: To show the behavior of mother mortality in Granma province from 1995 to 2010, to describe t [...] he course of deceases according to the general and direct rate of mother death by year, month, place of occurrence, municipality and cause. Methods: a retrospective and descriptive study was conducted on the mother mortality from 1995 to 2020 in the Granma province. Results are showed in single tables, figures, percentages and rates. Results: the higher general and direct mortality rate (84.4 and 67.4 x 100 000 life births, respectively) was reported in 1995, whereas the lowest one was reported in 2020 (9.5) without mother death of direct cause. Deceases were more frequent in January, August and December. Most patients died in the "Carlos Manuel de Céspedes" Hospital of Bayamo and in the "Celia Sánchez Manduley" Hospital of Manzanillo. The municipalities with more deceases were Bayamo and Manzanillo municipalities. There was predominance of hemorrhage as the major cause of death, followed the amniotic fluid embolism. Conclusions: the general and direct mother death cause by months and years from 1995 to 2010 in Granma province has obviously decreased although its decrease has not been uniform thus it is necessary to improve the strategies to solve the complex health problem.

María Margarita, Millán Vega; César, Sánchez Alarcón; Rafael, Rodríguez Reytor; Ana Rosa, Rodríguez Cañete; Yarine, Fajardo Tornes.

2012-03-01

265

Women's income generation activities in Merowe Province, Northern State, Sudan.  

Science.gov (United States)

Merowe province in rural northern Sudan has been divided into three local government council areas: Merowe, Karima, and Ed Debba. A government program was instituted to increase the welfare of residents and food production. A baseline survey of 490 respondents was conducted in order to ascertain how illiterate women viewed development in the area and to provide useful information for program design and implementation. Women from 24 villages were administered questionnaires, observed in their daily activities, and engaged in discussion in a local meeting place. Discussions were also held with members of the local Popular Committee. Demographic information was very sketchy about age, and 48% had no formal education in writing and reading. General reading and writing skills of the remainder were very poor. There were 500 female children and 502 male children, and the sex ratio varied among the 3 council areas. 52% were married and 14% were divorced or widowed and living with relatives. The average monthly income was from Ls. 700 to Ls. 3000 based on reports from only 59.3% of respondents. Most of the women had skills in food processing and 25.7% were skilled in handicrafts. Water was obtained primarily from local wells and not decontaminated before use. Pit latrines were the standard. One bathing facility was available in the compound for the entire council area. Health units were either in each village or within 20-30 minutes walk. Child mortality was 4.3% in Merowe province. 77 children 0-5 years old died out of a total of 1002 live births. Life expectancy was 41-50 years for women and 61-70 years for men. Cleanliness and healthful eating were observed. 58% owned no land; plots were under 5 feddans and usually half a feddan. 92.1% had no bank account and 90% had no experience with loans. 70.2% were indifferent about involvement in an income generation program. 26% were interested in part-time participation. Only 3.9% desired full-time participation. 8.6% said they wanted raw materials to produce handicrafts, and 21% said they wanted cash to raise livestock. 28.4% had radios. 80.4% lacked any farm equipment. 7.6% owned an electric pump and 7% had an ox plough. A program could be offered after lunch and coordinated with other activities after 4 P.M. at a local center. The population would have to be oriented to business and income generation would have to be planned very carefully. PMID:12288810

Pitamber, S; Osama, S

1994-06-01

266

Malaria prevalence in Nias District, North Sumatra Province, Indonesia  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The Nias district of the North Sumatra Province of Indonesia has long been known to be endemic for malaria. Following the economic crisis at the end of 1998 and the subsequent tsunami and earthquake, in December 2004 and March 2005, respectively, the malaria control programme in the area deteriorated. The present study aims to provide baseline data for the establishment of a suitable malaria control programme in the area and to analyse the frequency distribution of drug resistance alleles associated with resistance to chloroquine and sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine. Methods Malariometric and entomology surveys were performed in three subdistricts. Thin and thick blood smears were stained with Giemsa and examined under binocular light microscopy. Blood blots on filter paper were also prepared for isolation of parasite and host DNA to be used for molecular analysis of band 3 (SAO, pfcrt, pfmdr1, dhfr, and dhps. In addition, haemoglobin measurement was performed in the second and third surveys for the subjects less than 10 years old. Results Results of the three surveys revealed an average slide positivity rate of 8.13%, with a relatively higher rate in certain foci. Host genetic analysis, to identify the Band 3 deletion associated with Southeast Asian Ovalocytosis (SAO, revealed an overall frequency of 1.0% among the 1,484 samples examined. One hundred six Plasmodium falciparum isolates from three sub-districts were successfully analysed. Alleles of the dhfr and dhps genes associated with resistance to sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine, dhfr C59R and S108N, and dhps A437G and K540E, were present at frequencies of 52.2%, 82.5%, 1.18% and 1.18%, respectively. The pfmdr1 alleles N86Y and N1042D, putatively associated with mefloquine resistance, were present at 31.4% and 2%, respectively. All but one sample carried the pfcrt 76T allele associated with chloroquine resistance. Entomologic surveys identified three potential anopheline vectors in the area, Anopheles barbirostris, Anopheles kochi and Anopheles sundaicus. Conclusion The cross sectional surveys in three different sub-districts of Nias District clearly demonstrated the presence of relatively stable endemic foci of malaria in Nias District, North Sumatra Province, Indonesia. Molecular analysis of the malaria parasite isolates collected from this area strongly indicates resistance to chloroquine and a growing threat of resistance to sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine. This situation highlights the need to develop sustainable malaria control measures through regular surveillance and proper antimalarial drug deployment.

Laowo Idaman

2007-08-01

267

AN INVESTIGATION OF MULTIDIMENSIONAL ENERGY POVERTY IN PAKISTAN: A PROVINCE LEVEL ANALYSIS  

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Full Text Available Present study employs Alkire and Foster’s (2007 methodology to measure Multidimensional Energy Poverty (MEP at provincial level in Pakistan. MEP Headcount has been calculated using PSLM data. Indoor pollution is found to be the largest contributor to MEP Headcount in all four provinces of Pakistan while cooking fuel is the second largest contributor. Results of MEP Headcount show that 47%, 51%, 69% and 66% of the households residing in Punjab, Sindh, Khyber Pakhtoon Khaw (KPK and Baluchistan provinces of Pakistan respectively are energy poor. Households of all the four provinces are most deprived in the dimension of indoor pollution i.e. in the range of 49% to 63% followed by cooking fuel i.e. in the range of 35% to 59%. Deprivation is least in the dimension of home appliances for all provinces except Baluchistan which is least deprived in entertainment appliances dimension.

Falak Sher

2014-01-01

268

The current situation of application on the radiation processing technology in Hunan province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The history of application on the radiation processing technology in Hunan province is concisely reviewed. The main achievement and the problems is included. Some suggestions on its development is also proposed. (authors)

269

Scapanoclypeus hardap (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae: Tanyproctini), a new species from Hardap province, Namibia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Scapanoclypeus hardap Sehnal, new species (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae: Tanyproctini), from Hardap province, Namibia, is described and an updated key to species of Scapanoclypeus Evans, 1987 is presented. PMID:25283396

Sehnal, Richard

2014-01-01

270

Amphibia, Anura, Bufonidae, Melanophryniscus devincenzii Klappenbach, 1968: First record for Corrientes Province, Argentina.  

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Full Text Available Melanophryniscus devincenzii is known from Misiones (Argentina, Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil, Guairá (Paraguayand northern Uruguay. Herein, we report the first record for Corrientes Province in Argentina.

Boeris, J.

2010-01-01

271

Hidrogeologic and geophysical studies into Agro school Melo UTU Cerro Largo province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The technical University UTU of Uruguay requested and Hidrogeologic study with the aim to analyze the factibility to discover underground stream waters which supply groundwaters into agro school Ing Agr. Alcides E Pintos Melo, Cerro Largo province.

272

Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources of the Timan-Pechora Basin Province, Russia, 2008  

Science.gov (United States)

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) recently assessed the undiscovered oil and gas potential of the Timan-Pechora Basin Province in Russia as part of the USGS Circum-Arctic Oil and Gas Resource Appraisal program. Geologically, the Timan-Pechora Basin Province is a triangular-shaped cratonic block bounded by the northeast-southwest trending Ural Mountains and the northwest-southeast trending Timan Ridge. The northern boundary is shared with the South Barents Sea Province (fig.1). The Timan-Pechora Basin Province has a long history of oil and gas exploration and production. The first field was discovered in 1930 and, after 75 years of exploration, more than 230 fields have been discovered and more than 5,400 wells have been drilled. This has resulted in the discovery of more than 16 billion barrels of oil and 40 trillion cubic feet of gas.

Schenk, C.J.; Bird, K.J.; Charpentier, R.R.; Gautier, D.L.; Houseknecht, D.W.; Klett, T.R.; Moore, T.; Pawlewicz, M.J.; Pittman, J.; Tennyson, M.E.

2008-01-01

273

Geologic implications of Paleozoic and Mesozoic paleontology and biostratigraphy, Blue Mountains province, Oregon and Idaho  

Science.gov (United States)

This volume contains, besides the present review, seven papers on the biostratigraphy of pre-Tertiary rocks in the Blue Mountains province. Geologic implications of the faunal data are discussed in the context of terrane analyses. Most of the authors agree that the pre-Tertiary rocks of this province were formed in a complex island arc within a low-latitude faunal realm and subsequently moved northward and accreted to the North American continent. The use of different terrane names for parts of the Blue Mountains province by different authors may lead to some confusion. We suggest that future authors use the term "Blue Mountains island arc" for the pre-Tertiary province and, if there is a need for subdivision, that they use the terrane names proposed by Silberling and others (1984).

edited by Vallier, Tracy L.; Brooks, Howard C.

1986-01-01

274

DNA fingerprinting of bovine Cryptosporidium isolates in Qazvin province, Iran  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Cryptosporidium is an Apicomplexa parasite that infects humans and a wide range of domestic and wild animals. However, the sub-genotypes of the species infecting animals in Iran are unclear. The aim of the present study isto identify DNA fingerprinting of bovine Cryptosporidium in Qazvin province using sequences of GP60 gene. Materials and Methods : In this study we investigated 25 C. parvum isolated form bovine in Qazvin animal husbandries. Subgenotypes were determined by DNA sequencing of 60-kDa glycoprotein gene. Results: Using DNA sequencing of GP60 gene, two subtype families within the C. parvum included IId (15/22 and IIa (7/22 were recognized. Also three subtypes in these two subtype families included IIa A15G2R1 (22/25, IIa A16G3R (1/25, IId A15G1 (2/25 were determined. Conclusion: Today, new zoonose strains are identified which based on severity of infection compared with human strains are more sever and the source and transmission of their infection are unclear. Therefore, determination of C .parvum strains, genotypes and sub-genotypes for epidemiological studies are quite necessary specially to identify the animal sources and to improve the control and prevention programs due to the lake of effective drugs for this infection.

Ehsan Nazemalhosseini Mojarad

2011-07-01

275

Family aggregation study for breast cancer in Cienfuegos province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Breast cancer is one of the most frequent causes of death in developed countries and it is the second cause of female mortality for malignant tumor in Cuba. We conducted an observational, analytic, transversal study of cases and controls for the purpose of evaluating the clinical, epidemiologic and genealogical behavior of breast cancer in Cienfuegos province, in a period of 6 years. The universe of the study was made up of 304 women distributed in 152 cases and 152 controls; they were surveyed after they gave their informed consent. Collected data were processed by means of methods of inferential statistics. It was observed that most of the cases were diagnosed in patients aged 50 to 59 years, with 24.34%, the most frequent type was infiltrating duct carcinoma, with 43.42%. We found statistical association with the personal history of benign breast pathology and the family history of cancer of any type. Presence of familial aggregation was observed for breast cancer in the first-degree relatives and the non-genetic risk factors; they did not show significant association with the occurrence of the disease in the studied population

276

Analysis of Temperature Trends over Limpopo Province, South Africa  

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Full Text Available Detailed analyses of trends in annual and seasonal minimum and maximum temperatures, as well as the diurnal temperature range, were investigated over Limpopo Province, South Africa, for the period 1950 to 1999. Daily data from 30 catchments were used to analyze the trends. Overall there was an increase of 0.12°C per decade in the mean annual temperature for the 30 catchments, over the 50 year period. A non-uniform pattern of changes in temperature was evident across the different catchments; 13% of the catchments showed negative trends while 87% showed positive trends in their annual mean temperature. Furthermore, 20% of catchments showed negative trends while 80% of catchments showed positive trends in their diurnal temperature range. The seasonal trends showed variability in mean temperature increase, of about 0.18°C per decade in winter and 0.09ºC per decade in summer. The significance of this work lies in the linkage of temperature to the hydrological cycle.

Freddy Milambo Tshiala

2011-08-01

277

Communication Behaviour Among Farmers in East Azarbaijan Province , Iran  

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Full Text Available To improve livestock production and to modernize dairy husbandry in Iran, it is essential to disseminate the most recent information on dairy husbandry technologies and management practices through various means among farmers. An understanding of farmers’ communication behaviour is essential in formulating effective communication strategies for livestock development. For the purposes of this study, East Azarbaijan Province was selected. The study will examine how farmers obtain information on dairy husbandry technologies and management practices and how they communicate with agents of technology transfer (extensionists. The major channels and sources used in obtaining information and inter-system communication by farmers are discussed. To study the farmers’ communication behaviour, a sample of 154 farmers from a total of eight villages (four villages from high level plain areas and four villages from low level plain areas were selected using “Stratified two-stage random sampling” method. Data were gathered by filling out questionnaires that had been tested before. The criteria like frequencies in terms of number and percentage, mean and product moment correlation were calculated. In addition, multiple regression analysis was used for the analysis of the data. According to the findings of this study, most farmers in the two groups (98% had low information input score. The independent variables such as information output, farmer inter-system communication, farmer-researcher communication, farmer-extensionist communication, education, family education status and availability of input facilities had positive and highly significant relationships (P

H. Vaisy

2003-01-01

278

Regional wind resource assessment and its application in Guangdong province  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper discussed the development of wind power in China where in 2004 there were 1291 wind turbines in operation with a total installed capacity of 764.37 MW. The national plan is for 9,544 MW to be installed by the end of 2015, and 2,0000 MW by 2020. A regional wind resource assessment system has been developed in order to facilitate the rapid deployment of wind power and to support decision-making processes. The system involves mesoscale numerical simulations that integrate various data sources including meteorological observations, remote sensing data, and high resolution terrain data. Based on wind resource assessment, the wind power development decision-making support system integrates information service and decision-making support which is made in response to the change of land use, transport condition and grid connection. An onshore and offshore wind resource assessment of Guangdong province in South China was also conducted based on this system. A comparison with observation data revealed that the system is capable of reproducing a regional wind field with acceptable accuracy. By using a web-based GIS platform, the system provides interactive information sharing via the Internet, which will benefit wind energy developers, investors, planners and other users seeking technical support for wind farm design analysis. 5 refs., 6 figs.

Yuanchang, D.; Xuelan, Z.; Zhi, Y.; Niandong, J. [Sun Yat-sen Univ., Guangzhou (China). School of Engineering, Wind Resource Research Center

2008-07-01

279

Low-magnetic crust underlying South Province of Mars  

Science.gov (United States)

The lack of distinct magnetic signatures observed by Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) over the impact craters and impact-related Quasi-Circular-Depressions (QCDs) with diameters greater than 200 km located on South Province, south of 30S and from almost the west of Hellas to Argyre basins, implies a weakly magnetized crust. Using MOLA topography and the recent JPL gravity model of Mars we determine the structure of the crust beneath the craters and impact-related QCDs, and show that the impacts that have created these features were capable of strongly disturbing the crust directly beneath. On the basis of theoretical magnetic anomaly modeling and shock demagnetization models, we demonstrate that the impacts are capable of demagnetizing the entire crust beneath and creating distinct magnetic anomalies at the satellite altitude of 400 km in case the crust was appreciably magnetized prior to the impacts. We derive the magnetic anomalies of these features using the radial component of the high-altitude nighttime MGS data. An upper limit of Hellas, Isidis, and Argyre basins.

Arkani-Hamed, Jafar; Boutin, Daniel

2012-01-01

280

Isotope Hydrology Investigation of Zonguldak And Province Groundwater  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The most important coal area of Turkey is situated in Zonguldak and province. The coal series occurred during Westfalien (Carboniferous) are lower-bounded by Visean aged karstic limestones and upper-bounded by Aptian-Barremian aged karstic limestones. The isotope hydrology, which consists one of the studies dealed with karst hydrogeology, was held to determine the groundwater relations between the karstic limestones adjacent to the coal layers located in the Zonguldak coal mine areas. Environmental isotope samples were collected in the basin during 1994 - 1995 period, from the surface and groundwater. Deuterium (2H), Oxygen 18 (18O) and Tritium (3H) analysis were carried out on the samples. Recharge elevation, water origin and transit time of the groundwater system were determined with the evaluation of the analysis results. Waters encountered in the area are of marine origined rainfall, recharging at an elevation of 400-500 meters and consisting of shallow and deep circulation systems. Groundwater that intruding the coal mine galleries, have a short flow period and are recharged from recent precipitations

 
 
 
 
281

Identification of the Water Pollutant Industries in Khuzestan Province  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to build up a logic ranked pattern between the most important industrial activities with respect the type of water pollution and the discharge ways or managing the wastewaters in these units. For this purpose all of the statistical data have been gathered by referring to the responsible organizations. After that, by using the desk study, field work and selecting some of the industrial units as studied cases and by referring to their production processes and obtaining the curtained analytical results, the industries have been separated to several groups including Food ,Textile , Pulp & Paper/, Chemical, Non-metallic mineral, Metal and Electricity & electronics Comparing the number of active industrial plants within the boundaries of Khuzestan province at 5 catchments area, indicates that Karun, Dez and Jarrahi basins with 1044. 324 and 290 active plants, respectively, are crowded with a lot of industries. Nature of the examined parameters has been selected in view of the production process type and includes pH, turbidity, electrical conductivity, chloride, sulfate, BOD, COD, TSS, iron. Results indicates that Dez river basin, being compared with the other two basins, impose the most degradable organic, nutrient substances and suspended particle loads to Dez River , and the metal pollution load at Karun basin is more than the other two basins , caused by the steel industries concentrated in Ahvaz city.

N Jafarzadeh, S Rostami, K Sepehrfar, A Lahijanzadeh

2004-10-01

282

Evaluation of Tourism Industry Development Strategies Factors in Guilan Province  

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Full Text Available Iran due to its unique condition in terms of tourist attractionand because of the specific location and a variety of naturalresources and human Phenomena, that different regions of thecountry including Guilan province has a typical position interms of tourism which attracts a lot of tourists. By itself, ecological,environmental, cultural, historical and religious attractionin the north, we will see more development in the tourismindustry by formulating and scientific solutions and preservationof cultural values and the environment. In this research, a descriptive– analytical approach has been taken in order toachieve mentioned goals. Also major sources of tourism areidentified by field and library (Book, Magazines, Relevant documentstudy and with SWOT pattern, strengths, weakness,threats and opportunities will be specified and analyzed. Thepresent research with fundamental question that whether tourismdevelopment reduces the effects of economic sanctions? Basedon this assumption that, the development of tourism can reducethe effects of economic sanctions and we can use tourismindustry as a means to deal with economic sanctions and createemployment opportunities, distribution of income, foreign exchangeincrease, reducing migration, raising the living standard,regional balancing, transferring value to unprivileged area, developmentof rural and urban communities and the cultural andethnic unity for the attainment of national unity.

Fatholah Keshavarz Shal

2013-03-01

283

[Human pulmonary ascariasis in Anhui Province: an epidemiological survey].  

Science.gov (United States)

924 subjects, 542 males and 382 females working in grainstoring, or herb-storing, from different parts of Anhui Province were examined for the possible existence of pulmonary acariasis. 49 cases(5.3%), 31 males and 18 females, were found positive for mites in their sputum. 83.7% of the sufferers aged 16-45. 22 out of the 22 out of the 49 sufferers developed a marked eosinophilia ranging from 4% to 48% and a count of 320-5,050/mm3, whereas X-ray films revealed varied degrees of widening lung hilum shadow with increased and disordered lung markings. In some cases, the chest-film showed a lot of scattered nodular shadows 1-5 mm in diameter in the lung lobes. The symptoms presented were cough, expectoration, depression in the chest, restlessness, low fever, asthma, hemoptysis, etc. 10 species of mites were found in the sputum of the 49 sufferers, i.e. Acarus siro, Tyrophagus putreseltiae, Aleuroglyphus ovatus, Caloglyphus berlesei, C. myoophagus, Dermatophagoides farinae, D. pteronyssinus, Euroglyphus maynei, Tarsonemus granarius, Cheyletus eruditus. PMID:2364504

Li, C; Li, L

1990-01-01

284

[Population exposure to air pollutant emissions in Human Province].  

Science.gov (United States)

Estimate of population exposure to air pollution is necessary to health impact assessment. Based on the concept of intake fraction, a rapid population exposure assessment method was developed in this paper. The CALPUFF atmospheric dispersion model was applied to estimate intake fractions of primary and secondary fine particles emitted from a set of 17 power plants in Hunan Province. Results showed that within 500 km from the emission source, average values of intake fraction were 9.73 x 10(-6) for PM2.5, 2.39 x 10(-6) for sulfate and 2.47 x 10(-6) for nitrate. From regression analysis, good correlations were found for the relations among intake fraction of PM2.5, stack height, and population (R2 = 0.83), and intake fraction of SO(4)2- and population (R2 = 0.64), and intake fraction of NO3-, stack height and population (R2 = 0.74). Iso-intake fraction maps were produced based on the regression equations and population distribution, which reflected the differentiation of population density and enabled simple impact assessment for emission sources in this region. PMID:12916195

Li, Ji; Hao, Jiming; Ye, Xuemei; Zhu, Tianle

2003-05-01

285

Epidemiology of livestock fasciolosis in Mendoza province, Argentina  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: Fasciolosis, parasitic disease caused by the trematode Fasciola hepatica, affects many mammals, particularly ruminants, and is now considered an important zoonotic disease. In Mendoza province, the data from the local slaughterhouses and observations made by veterinarians indicated that fasciolosis could be an important disease in cattle with 5,7% (1) liver condemnation registered which is well over the national average that oscillates yearly around 1%. Thus, even though fasciolosis seemed to be an important disease for livestock, the epidemiological information was lacking. Since the recent identification of the most efficient vector of fasciolosis in Mendoza, the introduced lymnaeid snail Galba truncatula (2), the epidemiological situation of fasciolosis needs to be addressed. Our objective was to gain insight in the epidemiology of fasciolosis in Mendoza province. Mendoza province is in the west of Argentina. To the east is a plains region and at the west are the Andes Mountains. The rivers run from the mountains in the west towards the east traversed by valleys were livestock is managed extensively and trashumance is a common practice To investigate the distribution of the lymnaeid snails, samples where recovered following an altitudinal gradient, from the plains region at 600 m.a.s.l. up to above 3000 m.a.s.l. In each sampling point, by means of a GPS, altitude, longitude and latitude was registered, water pH, conductivity and hardness evaluated, and tconductivity and hardness evaluated, and the environmental characteristics of the site recorded. To investigate the possible reservoirs fasciolosis coprological studies were performed (Lumbreras rapid sedimentation and Formo-ether sedimentation) and liver inspection at the slaughterhouse was recorded. Lymnaeid snails where found in 27 sites, belonging to all of the river basins of Mendoza. The range of altitude was from 649 masl to 2971 masl, (?1674). They were found in small streams with slow current in 18 sites (66,7%) small irrigation channels in 6 sites (22,2%) and ponds with still water in 3 sites (11,1%). In 24 sites (88,8%) the snails where constantly exposed to direct sunlight since there was no high vegetation or banks surrounding the water body, 23(85,2%)of the sites were in a rural setting and 4 (14,8%) of them where urban areas. In all the rural sites, livestock was to be found near the snail populations. The conductivity of the waters where the lymaneid snails were presented ranged from 121-2830 m? (? 675), ph ranged from 5,95-7,4 (? 6,91) and hardness 48- 1210 ppm (?288,7) Cattle, sheep, goats, horses mules, donkeys and llamas where positive for fasciolosis. Out of 705 coprological studies performed, 186 (26.38%) where positive. The highest prevalence where in goats, out of 434 animals tested, 139 (32%) where positive. In equines, out of 114 tested, 29 (25%) where positive. All the positive animals where from altitudes of over 900 m.a.s.l. and no positive animals where found in the plains region. At the provincial abattoir, out of 754 cattle raised in Mendoza, 258 (34%) where positive for fasciolosis. All the positive animals came from the Andean valleys. At the local abattoir, which only butchered cattle from Tupungato region, principally Andean valleys, out of 653 animals inspected, 441 (67,5%) had fasciolosis. In Mendoza province, the prevalence in livestock is amongst the highest in Argentina, superior to what could have been initially concluded from the national abattoir statistics. Even though livestock is found from the plains regions up to the mountain valleys, fascioliosis affects almost exclusively animals from the mountainous regions where the highest prevalence are to be found, being a very rare and almost unknown disease in the lowlands. This correlates almost perfectly with the lymnaied distribution that we found. The altitudinal range of the snail populations, which can be found at very high altitudes, speak of the great adaptability that it has to extreme environmental conditions. It also colonized many man made irrigation

286

Mexican mesozoic uranium province: its distribution and metallogeny  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The distribution of uranium scattered in sedimentary terrains of the continental jurassic such as those found in the Tlaxiaco-Guerrero Basin encourage the outlook for uncovering extensive new deposits of strato-bound uranium belonging to the Mexican mesozoic in other structurally similar intercratonic basins. Stratographic and paleographic structural references define the simultaneous evolution of five sedimentary basins during the Mexican geotechtonic cycle: 1. the Tlaxiaco-Guerrero basin, 2. the Huayacocotla basin, 3. the Gulf of Sabinas basin, 4. the Chihuahua basin and 5. the Sonora basin. From the various lithostratographic formations in them we favourably infer the presence of intermountainous mesozoic concentrations of uranium sediments leached from crystalline precambric packets and from nevadian plutonites and volcanic rocks. During the metallogeny process described under the techtonic evolution of the Mexican structural belt, the presence is established of extensive terciary hydrothermal uranium deposits in the districts of Aldama, Chihuahua; Coneto-El Rodeo, Durango; Vizarron de Montes, Queretaro; Tlaucingo, Puebla; Los Amoles, Sonora; El Picacho, Sonora; Amalia Margarita, Coahuila; etc., scattered in sandstones and sinters of the continental mesozoic and shifted during the postorogenic phase of the Mexican geotectonic cycle. The extensive mesozoic province defined within the Mexican territory favourable to large deposits of uranium, scattered and strato-bound in triassic, jurassic and cretaceous sandstone and sinters, could resolve future demands for energetics within a modified philosophy and resourceful policy of regional mining.

Bazan B, S. (Uranio Mexicano, Mexico City)

1981-01-01

287

The Mexican mesozoic uranium province: its distribution and metallogeny  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The distribution of uranium scattered in sedimentary terrains of the continental jurassic such as those found in the Tlaxiaco-Guerrero Basin encourage the outlook for uncovering extensive new deposits of strato-bound uranium belonging to the Mexican mesozoic in other structurally similar intercratonic basins. Stratographic and paleographic structural references define the simultaneous evolution of five sedimentary basins during the Mexican geotechtonic cycle: 1. the Tlaxiaco-Guerrero basin, 2. the Huayacocotla basin, 3. the Gulf of Sabinas basin, 4. the Chihuahua basin and 5. the Sonora basin. From the various lithostratographic formations in them we favourably infer the presence of intermountainous mesozoic concentrations of uranium sediments leached from crystalline precambric packets and from nevadian plutonites and volcanic rocks. During the metallogeny process described under the techtonic evolution of the Mexican structural belt, the presence is established of extensive terciary hydrothermal uranium deposits in the districts of Aldama, Chihuahua; Coneto-El Rodeo, Durango; Vizarron de Montes, Queretaro; Tlaucingo, Puebla; Los Amoles, Sonora; El Picacho, Sonora; Amalia Margarita, Coahuila; etc., scattered in sandstones and sinters of the continental mesozoic and shifted during the postorogenic phase of the Mexican geotectonic cycle. The extensive mesozoic province defined within the Mexican territory favourable to large deposits of uranium, scattered and strato-boposits of uranium, scattered and strato-bound in triassic, jurassic and cretaceous sandstone and sinters, could resolve future demands for energetics within a modified philosophy and resourceful policy of regional mining. (author)

288

Annual background radiation in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background: Measurement of background radiation is very important from different points of view especially for human health. The aim of this survey was focused on determining the current background radiation in one of the highest altitude regions (Zagros Mountains), Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province, in the south west of Iran. Materials and Methods: The outdoors-environmental monitoring exposure rate of radiation was measured in 200 randomly chosen regions using portable Geiger-Muller and Scintillation detectors. Eight measurements were made for each region and an average value was used to calculate the exposure rate from natural background radiation. Results: The exposure dose rate was found to be 28.4 ? Rh-1 and the annual average effective equivalent dose was found to be 0.49 mSv. An overall population weighted average outdoor dose rate was calculated to be 49 nGyh-1, which is higher than the world-wide mean value of 44 nGyh-1 and is comparable to the annual effective equivalent dose of 0.38 mSv. Conclusion: A good correlation between the altitude and the exposure rate was observed, as the higher altitude regions have higher natural background radiation levels

289

Upper Jurassic ramp carbonate and associated evaporite, Neuquen Province, Argentina  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Oxfordian La Manga Limestone (10-65 m) and overlying Auquilco Gypsum (315 m maximum thickness) crop out along the west flank of the Neuquen basin, Neuquen Province, Argentina (36/sup 0/40/sup 0/S lat.). The contact with the underlying Lotena Sandstone is gradational, and both formations are cut by the Late Jurassic Araucanian angular unconformity. Seven lithofacies have been identified within sections measured through the entire interval along the northeast to southwest trending, 30-km long Sierra de la Vaca Muerta ridge (38/sup 0/30'-39/sup 0/S). The La Manga Limestone is interpreted as a temperate ramp carbonate that developed over the Lotena Formation siliciclastic shelf. Interpretations of lithofacies from southwest to northeast are: behind-barrier subtidal lagoon with washovers; coral and red algae biostromes; ooid and peloid sand shoals; downslope wackestone and packstone mud mounds; and deep-water carbonate turbidites. A minor regression separates La Manga and Auquilco Formations. Lithofacies of the Auquilco Formation indicate a shallowing-up sequence comprised of initially deep (hundreds of meters) subaqueous evaporite deposition followed by shallow, subtidal carbonate peloidal and shell fragment grainstones and evaporites. Thickness of the subaqueous evaporite gives an order of magnitude estimate of Auquilco basin depths of a few hundred meters at most. The Neuquen basin has an intermediate proportion of carbonate in comparison to relatively carbonate-poor basins to the south and carbonate-rich basins to the north.

Nickelsen, B.H.; Merrill, D.A.

1986-05-01

290

Thalassemia and hemoglobinopathies in Thua Thien Hue Province, Central Vietnam.  

Science.gov (United States)

A community-based assessment of thalassemias and hemoglobinopathies was conducted at the Thua Thien Hue Province, Central Vietnam. By cluster sampling, a total of 410 pregnant women attending the antenatal care service at 30 commune health centers were recruited consecutively from September 2011 to June 2012. Hemoglobin (Hb) analysis was performed using an automated Hb analyzer. ?-Thalassemia (?-thal) genes were identified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based techniques. Out of the 410 pregnant women, 2.7% carried ?(0)-thal and 1.2% were ?-thal carriers. One woman with the - -(THAI) deletion was also found. Among the females under survey, structural Hb variants with 3.2% Hb E [?26(B8)Glu?Lys, GAG>AAG; HBB: c.78G>C] and 3.7% Hb Constant Spring [Hb CS; ?142, Term?Gln, TAA>CAA (?2); HBA2: c.427T>C] were found. Assessing the frequency of thalassemias and hemoglobinopathies by ethnicity, Kinh (Vietnamese) and ethnic minority groups, Hb CS with a high frequency of 24.0% was observed in the ethnic minority groups. These results provide basic population-based information, are useful not only for implementing measures for prevention and control of thalassemias in the region but also for studying the importance of thalassemias and hemoglobinopathies in ethnic minorities within Southeast Asia. PMID:23600535

Nguyen, Hoa Van; Sanchaisuriya, Kanokwan; Nguyen, Dung; Phan, Hoa Thi Thuy; Siridamrongvattana, Sirivara; Sanchaisuriya, Pattara; Fucharoen, Supan; Fucharoen, Goonnapa; Schelp, Frank P

2013-01-01

291

Tsunami-related injury in Aceh Province, Indonesia.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Asian tsunami, of December 2004, caused widespread loss of life. A series of surveys were conducted to assess tsunami-related mortality and injury, risk factors, care seeking and injury outcomes. Three surveys of tsunami-affected populations, in seven districts of Aceh province, were conducted between March and August 2005. Surveys employed a two-stage cluster design and probability proportional to size sampling methods. Overall, 17.7% (95% confidence interval (CI)=16.8-18.6) of the population was reported as dead/missing1 and 8.5% (95% CI=7.9-9.2) had been injured. Odds of mortality were 1.41% (95% CI=1.27-1.58) times greater in females than in males; risk of injury was opposite, with an odds of injury of 0.81 (95% CI=0.61-0.96) for females in comparison to males. Mortality was greatest among the oldest and young population sub-groups, and injuries were most prevalent among middle-aged populations (20-49). An estimated 25,572 people were injured and 3682 (1.2%) suffered lasting disabilities. While mortality was particularly elevated among females and among the youngest and oldest age groups, injury rates were the greatest among males and the working-age population, suggesting that those are more likely to survive the tsunami were also more likely to be injured. PMID:19333809

Doocy, S; Robinson, C; Moodie, C; Burnham, G

2009-01-01

292

Tsunami mortality and displacement in Aceh province, Indonesia.  

Science.gov (United States)

A survey of 388 Indonesian households displaced by the December 2004 tsunami was conducted in Aceh province in February 2005. Of tsunami-displaced households in Aceh Barat and Nagan Raya districts, 61.8 per cent reported one or more family members as dead or missing due to the tsunami, with an overall mortality rate of 13.9 per cent (95% confidence interval (CI): 12.4-15.4). Risk of death was greatest in the youngest and oldest age groups, and among females. Overall, 36 per cent of tsunami-displaced households indicated an intention to return to their original community within three months, and displaced households residing in host communities were 2.2 (95% CI: 1.2-2.8) times more likely to state an intention to return to their original villages or another community as those residing in camps. The tsunami recovery effort should focus on strategies that facilitate either prompt return or permanent, voluntary relocation for those displaced. PMID:16911432

Rofi, Abdur; Doocy, Shannon; Robinson, Courtland

2006-09-01

293

A climate action plan for the province of New Brunswick  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Conservation Council of New Brunswick has proposed an action plan for climate change that would enable the province to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to 10 per cent below 1990 levels by 2020. The objective of the plan also involved eliminating the use of oil, coal and Orimulsion for power generation in New Brunswick. This report presented the proposed action plan. It discussed the growth in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in New Brunswick and main sources of carbon pollution. Strategies to stop global warming and the projected impacts of climate change were also presented. Provincial targets for pollution reduction were also identified. The paper also made several recommendations on opportunities for emissions reduction in New Brunswick. These included phasing out electricity exports by the Coleson Cove, Belledune and Dalhousie power plants; retrofitting housing and commercial/institutional building stock, combined with a comprehensive phase out strategy for electric heating; and, mixing renewable power, distributed natural gas cogeneration and green heat combined with the refurbishment of building stock. It was concluded that the long-term benefits of implementing regulatory and financial measures now will be felt as increased efficiency across the economy, employment and business opportunities in every community. 2 tabs., 1 fig

294

Hainan - State, Society, and Business in a Chinese Province  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This book examines the complex relationship between the state, society and business in China, focusing on the experience of the island province of Hainan. This island, for many years a provincial backwater, was given provincial rank in 1988 and became the testing ground for experiments of an economic, political, and social nature that have received great attention from Beijing, in particular the "small government, big society" project. This book provides a full account of this transition, showing how Hainan casts important light on a number of highly topical issues in contemporary China studies: central-local relations, institutional reform, state-society relations, and economic development strategies. It provides detailed evidence of how relations between party cadres, state bureaucrats, businesses, foreign investors and civil society play out in practice in China today. It argues that despite the liberalization of recent years, especially in the economic sphere, the party state remains the most powerful actor in Chinese society, and that path-breaking reform experiments such as in Hainan remain highly vulnerable due to the central government's hesitation to commit the resources and unequivocal political support needed for the experiments to be successfully realized.

BrØdsgaard, Kjeld Erik

2008-01-01

295

First provincial survey of Angiostrongylus cantonensis in Guangdong Province, China.  

Science.gov (United States)

The rat lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a zoonotic nematode with a wide distribution. We report the first provincial survey of the prevalence of A. cantonensis infection among wild rodents and snails in Guangdong Province, China. A total of 2929 Pomacea canaliculata and 1354 Achatina fulica were collected from fields in 22 survey sites with a larval infection rates ranging from 0-26.6% to 0-45.4%. In addition, 114 Cipangopaludina sp and 252 Bellamya sp were bought from markets; larvae were found only in Bellamya snails from two survey sites with an infection rate of 1.4% (1/70) and 3.3% (3/91), respectively. Four hundred and ninety-one rodents were captured in nine sites (Rattus norvegicus, R. flavipectus, Suncus murinus, Mus musculus, Bandicota indica, R. losea and R. rattus). Adult worms were found in R. norvegicus, R. flavipectus and Bandicota indica. Our survey revealed a wide distribution of A. cantonensis and its intermediate hosts P. canaliculata and A. fulica in Guangdong. The prevalence of A. cantonensis in wild snails and rats poses a substantial risk for angiostrongyliasis in humans. PMID:21906215

Deng, Zhuo-Hui; Zhang, Qi-Ming; Huang, Shao-Yu; Jones, Jeffrey L

2012-01-01

296

Microbiological Quality of Cream-Cakes Sold in Tekirdag Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study was aimed to determine the microbiological qualities of totally 120 cream cakes including chocolate and fruit type, purchased from 30 randomly selected pastry shops in Tekirda? province. Based on the Turkish Food Codex Microbiological Criterias Communique; 59, 50, 16 and 53 out of 60 chocolate cake samples tested were found to be potentially hazardous/unacceptible respectively for total mesophilic aerobic bacteria (98.3% of the total >105 cfu/g, coliform bacteria (83.3%of the total >102 cfu/g, Staphylococcus aureus (26.6% of the total >102 cfu/g and yeast and mould (88.3% of the total >103 cfu/g. On the other hand, 60, 56, 19 and 55 out of 60 fruit cake samples tested were found to be potentially hazardous/unacceptible respectively for total mesophilic aerobic bacteria (100 % >105 cfu/g, coliform bacteria (93.3%of the total >102 cfu/g, Staphylococcus aureus (31.6% of the total >102 cfu/g and yeast and mould (91.6% of the total >103 cfu/g. Salmonella were not detected in any of the chocolate and fruit cake samples. Obtained results showed that the microbiological qualities of cakes were poor due to poor hygiene and poor food handling practices in pastry shops.

A. M. Konyal?

2005-09-01

297

Preliminary uranium geochemical survey of Pangasinan province, Luzon, Philippines  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Sediment and panned heavy mineral survey were conducted in the province of Pangasinan in Luzon island for a cumulative period of 1 1/2 months in 1983. A total of 40 stream sediments and 125 panned heavy mineral concentrates were obtained along active rivers and streams draining into the Lingayen Gulf and Luzon sea. The minus 80 mesh sediment fractions and non-magnetic portions of the heavy minerals were analyzed for total uranium using delayed neutron activation analysis techniques. Results indicated that uranium values ranged from 0.1 ppm to 1.4 ppm and 0.1 ppm to 23.2 ppm, for the stream sediments and heavy minerals, respectively. The uranium values obtained in the stream sediments were considered to be within the range of the average uranium concentrations in the northwestern Luzon. However, uranium values in the heavy minerals, in general, were higher than the values obtained in northwestern Luzon. One uranium anomaly area was found in San Carlos. (author)

298

An outbreak of canine aflatoxicosis in Gauteng Province, South Africa.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sporadic outbreaks of aflatoxicosis occur in dogs when they consume contaminated dog food. During 2011, low-cost brands of pelleted dog food were contaminated with very high concentrations of aflatoxins. Approximately 100 dogs were presented to the Onderstepoort Veterinary Academic Hospital. Clinically, the dogs were depressed to collapsed and icteric, with haematemesis, melaena and haematochezia. The most common pathological findings were icterus, gastro-enterorrhagia and hepatosis. On histopathological examination, fatty hepatosis and bile duct proliferation were observed. A consistent, very characteristic finding was the presence of a blue-grey granular material within the bile ducts. A total of 124 samples of the dog food fed to the affected dogs was analysed to determine aflatoxin concentrations. Concentrations ranged from below the limit of quantification (< 5 ?g/kg) to 4946 ?g/kg and six samples were submitted to determine the ratio of aflatoxins in the feed. It is estimated that well over 220 dogs died in the Gauteng Province of South Africa as a result of this aflatoxin outbreak. PMID:23327140

Arnot, Luke F; Duncan, Neil M; Coetzer, Heleen; Botha, Christo J

2012-01-01

299

Photovoltaic generating systems in rural schools in Neuquen Province, Argentina  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

During the period 1994-95, solar photovoltaic systems were installed at a number of schools in Neuquen Province, Argentina, by the Provincial electric utility, Ente Provincial de Energia del Neuquen. This was undertaken with funds provided by the Inter-American Development Bank. In all, there are 12 schools that have had photovoltaic generating systems installed. These generating systems are designed to provide electricity for the basic needs at the schools: primarily for lighting, and to operate small electrical appliances such as communication radios, televisions, VCR`s, AM/FM and short-wave radios. They do not provide enough energy to operate large consumption appliances such as washing machines, microwaves, refrigerators, power tools, etc. The program of provision of PV systems was supplemented with training on simple systems for cooking food or drying fruit, etc. These techniques are primarily intended for demonstration at the schools thus serving an educational role with the hope that they will be transmitted in time to the families of the students where the need is manifested the most.

Lawand, T.A.; Campbell, J. [Brace Research Institute, Quebec (Canada)

1997-12-01

300

Phytotoponymy and Synphytotoponymy in Western Granada Province (Andalusia, Spain  

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Full Text Available Within the framework of a research project on the ethnobotany of the western section of the province of Granada, in southern Spain, a detailed study was made of place names derived from names related to plants (phytotoponyms and synphytotoponyms. The information —gathered from the Territorial Land Registry of Granada, the Regional Government of Andalusia and field work— has been included in a database written with the Microsoft Excel program. References to a total of 98 plant species were found in as many as 593 place names of the area. The authors comment on the environmental, paleophytogeographic and ethnobotanical significance of the species represented in the place names.

En el marco de la investigación etnobotánica desarrollada en el poniente granadino, se ha realizado un estudio sobre la toponimia de la comarca con atención a los apelativos de origen vegetal (fitotopónimos y sinfitotopónimos. La información —obtenida de la Gerencia Territorial del Catastro de Granada, de la Junta de Andalucía y de nuestro trabajo de campo— se ha incluido en una base de datos con el programa Microsoft Excell®. Un total de 98 especies vegetales se encuentran representadas en la toponimia local, dando nombre a 593 lugares del territorio. Se aportan comentarios sobre el significado ecológico, paleofitogeográfico y etnobotánico de las especies reflejadas en la toponimia.

Benítez Cruz, Guillermo

2009-12-01

 
 
 
 
301

Inventory of anthropogenic mercury emission Southwest China: I. Guizhou province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The anthropogenic emissions of mercury to air is considered to contribute by 50-75 % of the total, and is thus responsible for elevated mercury concentration in the global atmosphere. These elevated atmospheric levels may be a serious threat to terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems due to wet or dry deposition. Hence, measures must be taken in controlling the anthropogenic emissions of mercury. A fundamental step of a global mercury control is realistic mapping of anthropogenic and natural emissions. Today, reasonably well documented mercury emission inventories of anthropogenic point sources exist in Europe and North America. The amount of anthropogenic emissions in other parts of the world is quite uncertain, as well as world-wide diffuse emissions (anthropogenic and natural). Guizhou is situated on a plateau with a mean altitude of about 1000 m. Its climate is a typical subtropical humid monsoon with an average annual temperature of 15 dec C and a precipitation of 1100-1400 mm. The province accounts for about 2.8% of the total population in China. (orig.)

302

Continental tectonics and uranium province of South China  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The pre-Sinian metamorphic basement of South China consists of 4 blocks, namely the Jiangnan, the Wuyi, the Yunkai-South Sea and the Mintai which belong to the same lithospheric plate from late Proterozoic on. The plate is enriched in U and Th revealed by Pb-isotopic study, which plays an role of essential prerequisite for the formation of U province. The amalgamation of the 4 blocks and their final attachment to Yangtze craton were resulted from Proterozoic, Caledonian, Indonesia and Yangshanian orogenic events, driven by Moho-rheologic stratification so that uraniferous black rock sequences and U-hosting granites and volcanics in age from late Sinian to Jurassic were produced in the fore lands of corresponding major orogenic uplifts. The change of tectonic regime from compression-relaxed to lateral tension happened after significant crust's thickening and large-scale emplacement of granitic batholiths during late Triassic and early Jurassic though local compression occurred from middle Eocene to Oligocene. Most of U deposits were just formed in association with this para-cratonization process from late Jurassic to Eogene. South China GGT shows that there exist the thinning and the break-up of undercrustal lithosphere at the Datian and the Quanzhou and funnel-shaped seg at middle Hunan. The former two are considered to be the product of up-migration of hot mantle plume and the latter to be the place of down-migration of cold mantle plume

303

Impact of Fishing Technology on Labor Productivity in Bushehr Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Marine products are currently important in Iran due to the following reasons: 1 aquatics are recognized as safe and healthy food by food scientists; 2 because of low dependence of fishing technology on foreign resources, they are more reliable sources for protein and food security. Therefore, it is important to increase labor productivity using advanced fishing technology under a sustainable fishery management policy. In general, the prevailing methods of fishing in the southern coasts of Iran can be classified into three groups based on the level of technology and the length of journey made: traditional, semi-industrial, and industrial. In this study, labor productivity in the traditional and semi-industrial groups were compared using data obtained from a sample of 35 fishermen in Bushehr Province. To determine the marginal and average labor productivities, transcendental production functions were estimated for fish and shrimp, separately. The findings indicated that the marginal and average productivities of labor in semi-industrial fishing were significantly higher than in traditional fishing.

G.R. Soltani

2000-07-01

304

Floristic Study of Marakan Protected Region (West Azerbaidgan Province  

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Full Text Available Marakan protected region with an area of 105069 ha, is located in North West of Iran (west Azerbaidgan province, between 38° 42` to 39° 6` north latitude and 45° 5` to 45° 37` east longitude. In this study flora of this region was determined by using available references. We encountered 282 Species that belongs to 167 Genera and 47 Families. The largest families of region are: Asteraceae with 43 species, Fabaceae with 28 sp., Poaceae with 26 sp. and Rosaceae with 25 sp. The life form spectrum was characterized according Raunkier`s system. The life form spectrum observed was: Therophyte 31.91%, Hemichryptophyte 26.95%, Chamaephyte 16.31%, Phanerophyte 15.06% and Cryptophyte 9.26%. The phytocorya distribution of species are as follow: IT 65.25%, Es 5.31%, Med 1.06%, IT, Es 19.15%, IT, Med 2.85%, Es,Med 1.78%, Endm 4.25%, Cosm 0.35%.

2008-01-01

305

Uranium distribution in Brazilian granitic rocks. Identification of uranium provinces  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The research characterized and described uranium enriched granitoids in Brazil. They occur in a variety of tectonic environments and are represented by a variety granite types of distinct ages. It may be deduced that in general they have been generated by partial melting process of continental crust. However, some of them, those with tonality composition, indicate a contribution from mantle derived materials, thus suggesting primary uranium enrichment from the upper mantle. Through this study, the identification and characterization of uranium enriched granite or uranium provinces in Brazil can be made. This may also help identify areas with potential for uranium mineralization although it has been note that uranium mineralization in Brazil are not related to the uranium enrichment process. In general the U-anomalous granitoids are composed of granites with alkaline composition and granite ''sensu strictu'' which comprise mainly of syenites, quartz-syenites and biotite-hornblende granites, with ages between 1,800 - 1,300 M.a. The U-anomalous belongings to this period present high Sr initial ratios values, above 0.706, and high Rb contents. Most of the U-enriched granitoids occur within ancient cratonic areas, or within Early to Mid-Proterozoic mobile belts, but after their cratonization. Generally, these granitoids are related to the border zones of the mobile belts or deep crustal discontinuity. Refs, 12 figs, 3 tabs

306

Reef fish and coral assemblages at Maptaput, Rayong Province  

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Full Text Available This study describes the structure of coral and fish assemblages of a group of small islands and pinnacles in the vicinity of Maptaput deep sea port, Rayong Province, Thailand during 2002. The coral and fish assemblages at Saket Island and nearby pinnacle, Hin-Yai, which are located less than 1 km from the deep sea port, had changed. Living coral cover in 2002 was 8% at Hin-Yai and 4% at Saket Island which decreased from 33% and 64%, respectively in the previous report in 1992. Numbers of coral species at Saket Island decreased from 41 species to 13 species. Acropora spp. that previously dominated the area had nearly disappeared. For fishes, a total of 40 species were found in 2002 the numbers decreased to only 6 species at Saket Island and 36 species at Hin-Yai. Fishes that dominated the area are small pomacentrids. After 1997, the conditions of coral and fish assemblages at Saket Island and Hin-Yai had markedly changed, whereas, the conditions found in the nearby area are much better. Sediment load from port construction was the primary cause of the degradation. This should indicate the adverse effect of sedimentation on coral and reef fish assemblages at Maptaput. Coral communities developed on rock pinnacles west of Maptaput deep-sea port are reported and described herein for the first time.

Voravit Cheevaporn

2007-06-01

307

Multi-staged remote sensing of French uranium provinces  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study has been conducted in the frame of an exploratory research program on the global evaluation of spatial relationships between large scale lineaments and uranium provinces in France. The global interpretation is based on the computer processing and enhancement of meteorological satellite data. It is followed on specific areas of Massif Central by a multi-staged study using the progressive refinement capabilities of HCMM, LANDSAT and airborne observations. The principal advantage in the use of large scale satellite observations lies in the good spectral and temporal homogeneity in the data throughout the territory of France. This is usually not the case when working with LANDSAT mosaics over such large areas. The use of thermal imagery as well as multiseasonal observations brings unique information on the signature of large scale lineaments and structures. A detailed study is undertaken on the granite formations of Bretagne/Vendee and Massif Central. The persistent linear structures revealed in the imagery have been put into relationship with the location of known uranium deposits

308

Price Analysis of Used Tractors in Çanakkale Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The control of machinery costs is a key factor in improving the profitability of a farm. On many farms 30-40% of the fixed costs can be allocated to farm machinery. For this reason, the purchase of a tractor is one of the most important decisions to be made on any farm. A correct decision will benefit the business considerably but the wrong decision will be an expensive mistake to be regretted for many years. There are two different way to purchase the tractors in any farm. One of them is purchasing the tractor as new one, the other one is purchasing the he tractors as used or second hand. are purchased as new in some farms instead of purchasing he tractor as second hand or used.The used tractor prices and market conditions should be evaluated for the correct agricultural machinery management decisions. Price analysis of the used tractors has to be used in hiring or purchasing decision. In addition to that, Optimum equipment size calculations require the price data of used tractors.In the scope of this research, second hand tractor price data gathered from the showrooms in the Çanakkale province were evaluated. Before all else, general structure of second hand tractor market were defined by applying a comprehensive questionnaire to showroom owners. In addition, second hand tractor prices were arranged according to brand-model, age and power category.

S. Ozpinar

2008-09-01

309

Management of flood victims: Chainat Province, central Thailand.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article focuses on the processes of flood management and the experiences of flood victims in Chainat Province, central Thailand, so as to develop knowledge about the future handling of such disasters. A phenomenological qualitative approach was used to describe the processes of providing assistance to flood victims. In-depth interviews and observation were used to collect the data. Criterion sampling was used to select 23 participants. Content analysis of the data revealed that some flood victims could predict flooding based on prior experiences, so they prepared themselves. The data revealed six themes that demonstrated that those who could not predict how floods would impact on them were unprepared and suffered losses and disruption to their daily life. Damaged routes meant people could not go to work, resulting in the loss of income. There was a lack of sanitary appliances and clean drinking water, people were sick, and experienced stress. At the community level, people helped one another, making sandbags and building walls as a defense against water. They formed support groups to enable the processing of stressful experiences. However, later, the water became stagnant and contaminated, creating an offensive smell. The government provided assistance to cut off electricity services, food and water, toilets and health services, and water drainage. In the recovery phase, the victims needed money for investment, employment opportunities, books for children, extra time to pay off loans, reconnection of electricity, surveys of damage, and pensions to deal with damage and recovery. PMID:20487318

Wisitwong, Anchaleeporn; McMillan, Margaret

2010-03-01

310

Joint malaria surveys lead towards improved cross-border cooperation between Savannakhet province, Laos and Quang Tri province, Vietnam  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background In Savannakhet province, Laos and Quang Tri province, Vietnam, malaria is still an important health problem and most cases are found in the mountainous, forested border areas where ethnic minority groups live. The objectives of this study were to obtain a better joint understanding of the malaria situation along the border and, on the basis of that, improve malaria control methods through better cooperation between the two countries. Methods Fourteen villages in Savannakhet and 22 villages in Quang Tri were randomly selected within 5?km from the border where a blood survey for microscopic diagnosis (n?=?1256 and n?=?1803, respectively, household interviews (n?=?400, both sides and vector surveys were conducted between August and October 2010. Satellite images were used to examine the forest density around the study villages. Results Malaria prevalence was significantly higher in Laos (5.2% than in Vietnam (1.8% and many other differences were found over the short distance across the border. Bed net coverage was high (> 90% in both Laos and Vietnam but, while in Laos more than 60% of the nets were long-lasting insecticide-treated, Vietnam used indoor residual spraying in this area and the nets were untreated. Anopheles mosquitoes were more abundant in Laos than in Vietnam, especially many Anopheles dirus were captured in indoor light traps while none were collected in Vietnam. The forest cover was higher around the Lao than the Vietnamese villages. After this study routine exchange of malaria surveillance data was institutionalized and for the first time indoor residual spraying was applied in some Lao villages. Conclusions The abundance of indoor-collected An. dirus on the Laos side raises doubts about the effectiveness of a sole reliance on long-lasting insecticide-treated nets in this area. Next to strengthening the early detection, correct diagnosis and prompt, adequate treatment of malaria infections, it is recommended to test focal indoor residual spraying and the promotion of insect repellent use in the early evening as additional vector interventions. Conducting joint malaria surveys by staff of two countries proved to be effective in stimulating better collaboration and improve cross-border malaria control.

Pongvongsa Tiengkham

2012-08-01

311

Mortality of Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera, Plutellidae) by parasitoids in the Province of Santa Fe, Argentina  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Mortality of Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera, Plutellidae) by parasitoids in the Province of Santa Fe, Argentina. Plutella xylostella (Linnaeus, 1758) (Lepidoptera, Plutellidae) larvae cause severe economic damage on cabbage, Brassica oleracea L. variety capitata (Brassicaceae), in the horticultural fields in the Province of Santa Fe, Argentina. Overuse of broad spectrum insecticides affects the action of natural enemies of this insect on cabbage. The objectives of this work were to identify...

Isabel Bertolaccini; Sa?nchez, Daniel E.; Arregui, Mari?a C.; Favaro, Juan C.; Natalia Theiler

2011-01-01

312

Variations in rates of appropriate and inappropriate carotid endarterectomy for stroke prevention in 4 Canadian provinces.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND: Carotid endarterectomy (CE), when performed on appropriate patients, reduces the incidence of stroke, yet there are marked variations in rates of this procedure. We sought to determine reasons for the variation in CE rates in 4 Canadian provinces. METHODS: We identified all CEs performed in 4 Canadian provinces between January 2000 and December 2001, inclusive. From chart review and expert assessment, we determined the proportion of these procedures that were appropriate, inapprop...

Kennedy, J.; Quan, H.; Ghali, Wa; Feasby, Te

2004-01-01

313

Predictors of overweight and obesity in adult women in Nairobi Province, Kenya  

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Abstract Background Since obesity in urban women is prevalent in Kenya the study aimed to determine predictors of overweight and obesity in urban Kenyan women. Methods A cross-sectional study was undertaken in Nairobi Province. The province was purposively selected because it has the highest prevalence of overweight and obesity in Kenya. A total of 365 women aged 25–54?years old were randomly selected to participate in the study. Results

2012-01-01

314

Performance characteristics of EZhou bentonite of Hubei province and its modifi cation  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Both the chemical compositions and performance characteristics of the bentonite raw ores in Ezhou area of Hubei province and Honghuoshan area of Liaoning province were compared and analyzed. The properties of these two kinds of bentonites were tested before and after Na+- and Li+-modifi cation. The results show that the Ezhou bentonite ore possesses higher montmorillonite content than the Honghuoshan bentonite ore, but the Ezhou Na-bentonite has weaker castability (e.g. wet compression streng...

Long Wei; Fan Zitian; Hu Xueting

2009-01-01

315

Epidemiologic Evaluation of Child Abuse and Neglect in School-Aged Children of Qazvin Province Iran  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objective: This study was carried out to detect the prevalence of child abuse in three domains of physical, psychological and neglect among elementary school aged children of Qazvin Province, Iran.Methods: In this descriptive-analytic and cross-sectional study, 1028 elementary school aged children of Qazvin Province selected through multistage cluster sampling were assessed for child abuse in all domains, except for sexual abuse through a researcher-made questionnaire. The questionnaire was s...

Manoochehr Mahram; Zahra Hoseinkhani; Saharnaz Nedjat; Ali Aflatouni

2013-01-01

316

Methods and Characteristics of Political Participation by Private Entrepreneurs --- A Case Study of Zhejiang Province  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

With continuous expansion of the team of private entrepreneurs in Zhejiang Province, strengthened economic power of private entrepreneurs and improvement of their comprehensive quality, the methods of political participation by private entrepreneurs in Zhejiang Province is also continuously enlarged. Political participation is mainly reflected in the three methods of institutionalization, de-institutionalization and non-profit participation. At present, political participation of private entr...

Yuxin Wu

2011-01-01

317

Childhood cancer epidemiology based on cancer registry’s data of Fars province of Iran  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction: Childhood cancers are very rare diseases and accounting for about one percent of all cancers, also it is one of the main causes of death among children. The aim of this paper was to ascertain of childhood cancers epidemiology in Fars province. Materials and Methods: In this epidemiological study that Fars province cancer registry was used, frequency distribution of childhood cancers in less than 19 year old in 2001up to 2008 was evaluated and incidence rates were calculated pe...

Mahin Farahmand; Amir Almasi-Hashiani; Jafar Hassanzade; Mohsen Moghadami

2011-01-01

318

Inventorying and Mapping of Natural Forest Stands of Zanjan Province Using Landsat ETM+ Image Data  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The natural forest and range stands of Zanjan province are located in mountainous areas. Inventorying and mapping of natural forest and range stands in mountainous areas are difficult and costly. Satellite data are suitable for this purpose. The Landsat ETM+ image data of 2002 are used for classification and mapping of natural forest stands in Zanjan province. For the purpose of data reduction and principal components extraction, the principal components analysis (PCA) was used. Just the scor...

Bonyad, A. E.; Hajyghaderi, T.

2008-01-01

319

University Teachers’ Job Satisfaction in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The major purpose of this study was to explore the level of job satisfaction of university teachers in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. The objectives of the study were: to assess the general satisfaction level of university teachers, to determine university teachers’ satisfaction level for each of the twenty dimensions of the job, and to give suggestions to improve university teachers’ job satisfaction level. All the university teachers working in North West Frontier Provinc...

Safdar Rehman Ghazi; Riasat Ali; Gulap Shahzada; Muhammad Israr

2010-01-01

320

The Insight Study of Consumer Life-styles and Purchasing Behaviors in Songkla Province, Thailand  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Purposes of the insight study of consumer life-styles and purchasing behaviors in Songkla province, Thailand” were: 1)to understand consumer life-styles and purchasing behaviors; 2) to determine the factors affecting consumer life-stylesand purchasing behaviors; and 3) to examine consumer attitudes among traditional and modern trade channels. The data were collected through self-administered questionnaires among a sample of 300 consumers in Songkla province.Descriptive and...

Wassana Suwanvijit; Sompong Promsa-ad

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Current Situation and Countermeasures of Fitness Club Industry of Shandong Province  

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Full Text Available By means of literature review, questionnaire survey and field studies, we investigated to the fitness clubs inShandong, analyzed the factors affecting the development of the fitness club industry of Shandong province, putforward the new management proposals strengthening the management consciousness of the modern athleticsindustry, so as to promote the industry of the fitness clubs of Shandong province to achieve greater development.

Yun Ma

2011-05-01

322

Assessment of Undiscovered Natural Gas Resources of the Sacramento Basin Province of California, 2006  

Science.gov (United States)

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) recently completed a new assessment of undiscovered natural gas resources of the Sacramento Basin Province of California. Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the USGS mean estimates of undiscovered, technically recoverable resources are 534 billion cubic feet of natural gas and 323 thousand barrels of natural gas liquids in the Sacramento Basin Province. Additional undiscovered oil accumulations larger than 0.5 million barrels are considered unlikely.

Scheirer, Allegra Hosford; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Magoon, Leslie B.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Cook, Troy A.; Klett, Timothy R.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Schenk, Christopher J.

2007-01-01

323

Sustainable Development of Agricultural Product Processing Industry in Jilin Province of China  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Jilin is a big agricultural province in northeast China. Development of agricultural product processing industry and improvement of agro-food additional value play a vital role in improvement of living standard of farmer and increase of local government financial revenue. Therefore, agricultural product processing industry is regarded as the third pillar industry after automotive industry and petrochemical industry in Jilin Province, China. Considering the characteristics of agricultural p...

Chuan Lian Song

2011-01-01

324

Analysis of Income Urban-Rural Gap of Guizhou Province in the Condition of Dualization  

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Full Text Available This paper is to analyze the income gap urban-rural income of Guizhou province from 1995 to 2009 by applying the principal component and regression analysis and the ratio of disposable income of urban residents and the net income of the rural residents as a measuring indicator.
Key words: Dualization; Urban-rural income gap; Impact; Analysis; Guizhou Province

Yun LONG

2011-11-01

325

An analysis of the investment climate in agriculture in Hanoi Province, Vietnam  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Hanoi province, Vietnam has much potential for agricultural development with its large consumer market for agricultural products, soil and water resources, natural climate, physical and social infrastructure. It is also one of provinces that has attracted a large number of investors. However, there are few agriculture investment projects in Hanoi in recent years. This paper presents the results of the structure interview of 200 managers of agricultural firms, co-operatives and far...

Tran Huu, Cuong; Bui, Thi Nga

2010-01-01

326

The Analysis of Investment Climate in Agriculture in Hanoi province, Vietnam  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Hanoi province, Vietnam has much potential for agricultural development with its large consumer market for agricultural products, soil and water resources, natural climate, physical and social infrastructure. It is also one of provinces that has attracted a large number of investors. However, there are few agriculture investment projects in Hanoi in recent years. This paper presents the results of the structure interview of 200 managers of agricultural firms, co-operatives and far...

Tran Huu, Cuong; Bui, Thi Nga

2010-01-01

327

Current Status of Reproductive Management in Bali Cows in South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objective of this study was to elucidate the current status of reproductive management of Bali beef cows in south Sulawesi Province,Indonesia. This study was conducted in Bantaeng Regency, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. Purposive sampling was used to choose the location where the study was taking place with consideration that this region has potential place for Bali cows. Data collection both primary and secondary data was done through observation and int...

Sudirman Baco; Muhammad Yusuf; Basit Wello; Muhammd Hatta

2013-01-01

328

An analysis of roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) traffic collisions in the Belluno province, eastern Italian Alps  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Data of roe deer traffic collisions from 1989 to 2004 in the Belluno province were analyzed to describe patterns of road kills by zone, season and sex and to compare resulting annual trends and sex ratios with those estimated for roe deer population. The province was divided in 2 districts on the base of differences in climate, landscape and roe deer population status. Pearson’s simple correlation was used to investigate the associations, in the two districts, among road kills data, yea...

Sturaro, E.; Ramanzin, M.; Dal Compare, L.; Cocca, G.

2010-01-01

329

Perceptions regarding the clinical accompaniment of student nurses in the Limpopo Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional survey was carried out in the Limpopo Province to identify the perceptions of student nurses, nurse educators and unit supervisors concerning student nurses’ clinical accompaniment in this province. Opsomming ‘n Kwantitatiewe, beskrywende, deursnitopname is gebruik om die persepsies van verpleegstudente, verpleegopvoedkundiges en eenheidstoesighouers oor verpleegstudente se kliniese begeleiding in the Limpopo Provinsie te identifiseer. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.

Valerie Ehlers

2004-03-01

330

DISTRIBUTION OF CRAYFISH IN SALZBURG, AUSTRIA DISTRIBUTION DES ÉCREVISSES DANS LA PROVINCE DE SALZBOURG, AUTRICHE  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Mapping of crayfish populations in the province of Salzburg was carried out in the years 2002 and 2003. Five crayfish species were found, two of them native: Astacus astacus and Austropotamobius torrentium, and three foreign: Astacus leptodactylus, Pacifastacus leniusculus and Orconectes limosus. In former times the first two species were widely distributed especially in the northern part of the province. Today Astacus astacus is only found in (artificial) ponds and in one lake and its outlet...

Strasser, A.; Schacherl, S.; Langmaier, S.; Patzner, R. A.; Zick, D.

2008-01-01

331

Eriophyoid mites from Qinghai Province, northwestern China with descriptions of nine new species (Acari, Eriophyoidea)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Eriophyoid mites from Qinghai Province, northwestern China were studied herein. Up to now, only six species have been reported from Qinghai Province. In field surveys, 17 eriophyoid mite species were collected, among which nine species were found new to science. The new species and their host plants are listed as follows: Acaphyllisa tuberculumae sp. n. on Populus sp. (Salicaceae); Proiectus xiningensis sp. n. on Pinus sp. (Pinaceae); Phyllocoptes beishaniensis sp. n. on Spiraea mongolica Max...

Hao-Sen Li; Xiao-Feng Xue; Xiao-Yue Hong

2012-01-01

332

Geology and total petroleum systems of the Gulf of Guinea province of West Africa  

Science.gov (United States)

The Gulf of Guinea Province as defined by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) consists of the coastal and offshore areas of Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, and Benin, and the western part of the coast of Nigeria, from the Liberian border east to the west edge of the Niger Delta. The province includes the Ivory Coast, Tano, Central, Saltpond, Keta, and Benin Basins and the Dahomey Embayment. The area has had relatively little hydrocarbon exploration since 1968, with only 33 small to moderate-sized oil and gas fields having been discovered prior to the USGS assessment. Most discoveries to 1995 have been located in water depths less than 500 m. Since 1995, only eight new offshore discoveries have been made, with four of the discoveries in the deep-water area of the province. Although as many as five total petroleum systems exist in the Gulf of Guinea Province, only one, the Cretaceous Composite Total Petroleum System, and its assessment unit, the Coastal Plain and Offshore Assessment Unit, had sufficient data to allow assessment. The province shows two important differences compared to the passive-margin basins south of the Niger Delta: (1) the influence of transform tectonics, and (2) the absence of evaporites and salt deformation. The province also lacks long-lived, large deltaic systems that typically result in rapid source rock burial and abundant high-quality hydrocarbon reservoirs. The USGS assessed the potential for undiscovered conventional oil and gas resources in the Gulf of Guinea Province as part of its World Petroleum Assessment 2000, estimating a mean of 1,004 million barrels of conventional undiscovered oil, 10,071 billion cubic feet of gas, and 282 million barrels of natural gas liquids. Most of the hydrocarbon potential is postulated to be in the offshore, deeper waters of the province. Gas resources may be large, as well as accessible, in areas where the zone of hydrocarbon generation is relatively shallow.

Brownfield, Michael E.; Charpentier, Ronald R.

2006-01-01

333

Findings of the fertility survey in Beijing municipality and other five provinces.  

Science.gov (United States)

The findings of the 2nd Chinese Fertility Survey, conducted in Beijing Municipality and the provinces of Liaoning, Shandong, Guangdong, Guizhou, and Gansu, indicate progress in the postponement of age at 1st marriage as well as increasing marital stability. The divorce rate ranged from 0.2-0.6% in the areas studied. Median age at 1st marriage is 3 years higher among women 25-29 years of age than among women 45-49 years of age. Among these younger women, median age at 1st marriage now stands at 23 years in Beijing Municipality and Liaoning, Shandong, and Guangdong Provinces and at 21-22 years in Guizhou and Gansu Provinces. The average. At present, the average number of children born is 1.63 in Beijing Municipality, 1.97 in Liaoning Province, 2.19 in Shandong, 2.67 in Guangdong, 2.79 in Gansu, and 3.47 in Guizhou Province. All the women surveyed were able to cite 4-7 birth control methods and have themselves used 1-2 methods (a low of 1 method in Guizhou and Gansu Provinces to a high of 1.7 in Beijing). Overall, 70% of the women of childbearing age surveyed were using contraceptive method at present. The highest contraceptive prevalence rate (84%) exists in Beijing Municipality. PMID:12342124

1988-12-01

334

Characteristics of Water Resources Utilization and Virtual Water Trade in Hebei Province  

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Full Text Available Water resource is one of the main factors limiting the development of water-deficient areas. Virtual water theory and virtual water trade model were used to analyze the characteristics of water resources utilization in Hebei Province. Based on an input-output model, water resource consumptions in different sectors of the economy and virtual water in domestic and international trade in Hebei Province were analyzed. Results indicated that natural resource exploitation and processing sectors topped the list of water consumption intensity which including agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fisheries, nonmetal minerals and other minerals mining and dressing industries and electric power, steam and hot water producing industry. Hebei Province was the net input area in the domestic trade while the net output area in the foreign trade in 2007. The later was far more than the former which finally made Hebei Province the net output area of virtual water. The net output of virtual water was 10.521 billion m3 in 2007, almost 52.13% of total water consumption in Hebei Province. Massive exportation of high-water-consumption products which were mainly produced by agriculture, food manufacturing industry, tobacco processing industry and metals smelting and pressing industry, intensified the pressure of water resource in Hebei Province. Thus, the exportation of high-water-consumption products should be controlled to relieve the regional contradiction between the supply and requirement of water resources.

H.Z. Zhang

2013-01-01

335

Transpressional tectonics vs. superposed deformation in the Rengali Province, eastern Indian shield  

Science.gov (United States)

A primary concern in ancient transpressional shear zones is to demonstrate that the shortening and strike-slip components of deformation operated simultaneously. In the eastern Indian shield, ultrahigh grade granulite terrane of the Eastern Ghats Belt collided with the Archaean Indian craton around ~ 1 Ga. Subsequently, the northern boundary of the granulite belt was affected by a dextral strike-slip system that juxtaposed it against the Singhbhum Province. The strike-slip system is characterized by two WNW-ESE trending strands that enclose a multiply deformed (D1 to D3) intervening domain that is referred to as the Rengali Province. D1 and D2 represent a deformation continuum that operated under granulite / amphibolite facies conditions. Available zircon ages from amphibolite facies gneisses within the province indicate a late Archaean age for the D1-D2 deformation. In a granulite lens in the central part of the province, an early fabric-forming deformation (Dgr) is represented by cylindrical D1-D2 folding. D3 shortening was superimposed on D1-D2 folds in the surrounding lithologies of the province, generating complex non-cylindrical geometries. However, there is no evidence of D3 shortening strain within the granulites. Microstructures in the province-bounding D3 strike-slip shear zones indicate that mylonitization and dynamic recrystallization was associated with greenschist facies metamorphism. In quartzite bands within these shear zones, syn-D3 folds can be correlated with rotation of D1-D2 structures through the shortening zone of bounding dextral shears. Strain analyses and Anisotropy of Magnetic Susceptibility studies in these quartzites indicate that post-D2 strain ellipsoids are characterized by sub-vertical axial planes and extrusion directions consistent with crustal shortening. Samples from high D3 strain zones are associated with sub-horizontal extrusion parallel to the inferred direction of strike-slip shearing, and have kinematic vorticity numbers > 0.90 indicating dominantly simple shear deformation. Thus, D3 strike-slip shearing was associated with a limited pure shear component, indicating that it is unrelated to the widespread shortening structures documented from the region. Chlorite bearing syn-D3 assemblages within the mica schists yield ages of 490-470 Ma, indicating that greenschist facies metamorphism in the Rengali Province operated 2000 Ma after the amphibolite facies event. Since the province-bounding shears form a step-over zone, the structural complexity within the Rengali Province arises from superposition of syn-D3 shortening structures on earlier cylindrical D1-D2 folds. The predominant shortening observed within the province, therefore, is genetically unrelated to the Cambro-Ordovician strike-slip deformation.

Gupta, Saibal; Misra, Surajit

2014-05-01

336

The prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis in Jeonbug Province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A photofluorographic mass survey of P-A chest had been done to the 13136 residents (male 6264, female 6872) in Jeonbug province, Korea for about 2 years from May 5, to Dec.19, 1978 and from Mar. 5, to Dec. 22, 1979. The results are as follows: 1. The prevalence rate of all active pulmonary tuberculosis is 5.3%. 2. The prevalence rate of male(8.8%) is 4.2 times higher than that of female (2.1%). 3. The prevalence rates of all old age groups above fifty years are higher than that of remainder under fifty years of age. Of these, 61-70 years old age group is highest in prevalence rate. 4. According to extent of active pulmonary tuberculosis, 77.5% is minimal, 15.4% is moderately advanced, and 7.1% is far advanced. Inactive pulmonary tuberculosis are 39 cases (0.3% to objective population). 5. In the incidence of the involved side, right side is about 2 times higher than the left, and involvement of both sides is increased in moderately and far advance pulmonary tuberculosis. In all pulmonary tuberculosis, one or both upper lung fields are most commonly involved. The incidences of cavity in moderately and far advanced pulmonary tuberculosis show no significant difference. 6. The incidences of other intrathoracic lesions are as follows: suspected hypertensive heart disease 2.4%, dextrocardia with situs inversus 0.04%, pleural calcification 0.4%, pleural thickening 0.2%, pleural effusion 0.1%, pneumonia 0.02%, bronchiectasis 0.1%, lung abscess 0.02%, C.O.P.D. 0.2%, suspected lung tumor 0.06%, pneumothorax 0.0076%, and suspected mediastinal tumor 0.02%

337

Rationalisation of Nursing Education in Limpopo province: Nurse educators’ perspectives  

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Full Text Available Nursing education institutions are facing a challenge of realigning its functioning according to the changes that are taking place within the country. The intention of the government post apartheid was to correct the imbalances which were brought about by the apartheid government and the following regulations and policies influenced the change in nursing education, that is, Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP, White Paper on Higher Education (WPHE, and the National Qualification Framework (NQF (South Africa, 1995:6. In 1996 the government introduced the first democratic constitution of the Republic of South Africa (RS A according to Act 108 of 1996. In the light of those increasing changes in nursing education, led by political change, the experiences of nurse educators is a critical issue facing nursing campuses. The purpose of this study was two-fold; namely: to explore and describe the experiences of nurse educators with regard to the rationalisation of nursing education and to use information obtained to describe guidelines for the effective rationalisation of a nursing college in the Limpopo Province. A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and contextual research design was used. Qualitative interviews were conducted with nurse educators who worked in nursing colleges before and after 1994. Measures to ensure trustworthiness were applied and ethical issues were adhered to throughout the research process. Data was analysed following Tesch’s method (Creswell 1994:154-155. The research established that nurse educators experienced dissatisfaction in several areas relating to the rationalization of nursing education. Support was also expected from bureaucracy at higher level. This study developed guidelines to policy makers and nurse educators to ensure effective rationalisation process.

T.R. Makhuvha

2007-09-01

338

Productivity Analysis of Eggs Production in Khorasan Razavi Province, Iran  

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Full Text Available Egg production is one of the most important agricultural economic activities in Iran. According to the latest information in Iran, there were about 1432 poultry eggs farms producing about 576478 tons of edible eggs in 2005. The poultry farmers, however, complained that the cost of production was very high and that failed to gain considerable profit from their farming operations. The consumers, on the other hand, protested that the poultry price was very high. The purpose of this study is to determine the productivity level of the industry so that a more sustainable and high productivity production system can be developed. Production function was used to measure productivity. A transcendental production function was estimated using cross-sectional data collected from 47 farmers in the Khorasan Razavi province. Secondary data from the Iranian Statistical Year Book (published by the Statistical Center of Iran were also used. The results of the study found that the cost-benefit ratio was 0.96. The Average Product (AP, Marginal Product (MP, Value Marginal Product (VMP, Optimal Allocation Ratio and the Elasticity of Production (EP of the feed input were 0.41, 0.16, 577 Rials, 0.48 and 41% respectively. The findings for similar measures above for pullet input were 18.38, 4.24, 14826 Rials, 1.23 and 0.23 respectively. From the study, the average productivity of the poultry farm was 1.04. This shows that the income approximately equals the variable cost. When the fixed costs were taken into consideration, the profit of the average farm was negative. The results indicated that farmers were using feed more than “the optimal level ” and that they were using pullet less than “the optimal level. ” Therefore, to improve profitability, they should use less feed and keep more pullets. In this manner, the cost of production can be reduced.

S.A. Mohaddes

2009-01-01

339

Quality of asthma care: Western Cape Province, South Africa  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Asthma is the eighth leading contributor to the burden of disease in South Africa, but has received less attention than other chronic diseases. The Asthma Guidelines Implementation Project (AGIP) was established to improve the impact of the South African guidelines for chronic asthma in [...] adults and adolescents in the Western Cape. One strategy was an audit tool to assist with assessing and improving the quality of care. METHODS: The audit of asthma care targeted all primary care facilities that managed adult patients with chronic asthma within all six districts of the Western Cape province. The usual steps in the quality improvement cycle were followed. RESULTS: Data were obtained from 957 patients from 46 primary care facilities. Only 80% of patients had a consistent diagnosis of asthma, 11.5% of visits assessed control and 23.2% recorded a peak expiratory flow (PEF), 14% of patients had their inhaler technique assessed and 11.2% were given a self-management plan; 81% of medication was in stock, and the controller/reliever dispensing ratio was 0.6. Only 31.5% of patients were well controlled, 16.3% of all visits were for exacerbations, and 17.6% of all patients had been hospitalised in the previous year. CONCLUSION: The availability of medication and prescription of inhaled steroids is reasonable, yet control is poor. Health workers do not adequately distinguish asthma from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, do not assess control by questions or PEF, do not adequately demonstrate or assess the inhaler technique, and have no systematic approach to or resources for patient education. Ten recommendations are made to improve asthma care.

Bob, Mash; Hilary, Rhode; Michael, Pather; Gillian, Ainslie; Elvis, Irusen; Angeni, Bheekie; Pat, Mayers.

340

Natural radioactivity in the area of Nakhon Si Thammarat Province  

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Full Text Available This research work aims to study the specific activity of natural radioactivity in soil, rock, construction sand and shallow well water samples in the area of Nakhon Si Thammarat Province. Totally 161 samples were collected and analysed using gamma-ray spectrometry technique. The specific activities of Ra-226, Th-232 and K-40 in soil samples ranged from 8 to 203 (mean 96±18 Bq/kg, 12 to 236 (mean 88±23 Bq/kg and 21 to 1191 (mean 524±127 Bq/kg, in rock samples ranged from 11 to 113 (mean 46±14 Bq/kg, 3 to 113 (mean 47±16 Bq/kg and 18 to 1305 (mean 472±187 Bq/kg, in sand samples ranged from 3 to 91 (mean 42±5 Bq/kg, 14 to 91 (mean 50±5 Bq/kg and 102 to 966 (mean 509±57 Bq/kg, respectively. The radium equivalent activity of soil samples in 2 districts was found to be higher than 370 Bq/kg. The radiation hazard indices calculated for assessment of the radiation hazards arising due to the use of these rock and sand samples in the construction of dwellings were within the safety limits recommended by UNSCEAR. The mean estimated outdoor dose rates in soil and rock samples were 119±23 and 70±21 nGy/h, respectively. The mean estimated indoor dose rate in sand samples was 134±9 nGy/h. The specific activities of Ra-226 in well water samples ranged from 2 to 179 (Mean 17±7 mBq/l. Only one water sample from Muang District had the Ra-226 specific activity of 179 mBq/l, which was higher than the maximum contaminant level (111 mBq/l.

Nuanjing, P.

2007-07-01

 
 
 
 
341

Quality of asthma care: Western Cape Province, South Africa  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Asthma is the eighth leading contributor to the burden of disease in South Africa, but has received less attention than other chronic diseases. The Asthma Guidelines Implementation Project (AGIP) was established to improve the impact of the South African guidelines for chronic asthma in [...] adults and adolescents in the Western Cape. One strategy was an audit tool to assist with assessing and improving the quality of care. METHODS: The audit of asthma care targeted all primary care facilities that managed adult patients with chronic asthma within all six districts of the Western Cape province. The usual steps in the quality improvement cycle were followed. RESULTS: Data were obtained from 957 patients from 46 primary care facilities. Only 80% of patients had a consistent diagnosis of asthma, 11.5% of visits assessed control and 23.2% recorded a peak expiratory flow (PEF), 14% of patients had their inhaler technique assessed and 11.2% were given a self-management plan; 81% of medication was in stock, and the controller/reliever dispensing ratio was 0.6. Only 31.5% of patients were well controlled, 16.3% of all visits were for exacerbations, and 17.6% of all patients had been hospitalised in the previous year. CONCLUSION: The availability of medication and prescription of inhaled steroids is reasonable, yet control is poor. Health workers do not adequately distinguish asthma from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, do not assess control by questions or PEF, do not adequately demonstrate or assess the inhaler technique, and have no systematic approach to or resources for patient education. Ten recommendations are made to improve asthma care.

Bob, Mash; Hilary, Rhode; Michael, Pather; Gillian, Ainslie; Elvis, Irusen; Angeni, Bheekie; Pat, Mayers.

2009-12-01

342

Urinary iodine levels of the term newborns in Kayseri province  

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Full Text Available Purpose: We studied the thyroid volumes and urinary iodine levels of 42 term newborns born in Kayseri.Material and Methods: Urinary iodine levels were measured on postnatal 5th day. The levels of triiodothyronine (T3, thyroxine (T4, thyrotropin (TSH and thyroglobulin (Tg were measured in the cord blood of newborns and in mothers' sera by RIA. The TSH levels of cord blood above 20 mU/L and levels of Tg above 54 ng/ml, and thyroid volumes of baby greater than 1.5 ml were accepted as pathological. Urinary iodine levels of newborns below 5 mg/dl were accepted as a criteria for iodine deficiency.Results: In 9.52 % of newborns, urinary iodine concentration was less than 5 mg/dl and in 16.7 % thyroid volume was greater than 1.5 mL. Cord TSH level greater than 20 mU/L was present in 11.9 % and cord Tg level greater than 54 ng/ml was present in 52.3 % of the newborns. In 2 of the 4 babies with iodine deficiency, thyroid volumes were high and 3 of them had high Tg levels. In 2 of the 7 babies who had high thyroid volumes, TSH levels were high, in 5 babies Tg levels were high, and in 2 urinary iodine levels were low. In 22 babies with high cord blood Tg levels, the thyroid volumes were high although this was not statistically significant. However, in these cases urine iodine levels were significantly low (p<0.05.Conclusion: This prospective study showed that in a significant number of newborns born in the Kayseri province, urinary iodine excretion was low and Tg levels and thyroid volumes were high. These data point to the need of an increased iodine supply in these pregnant women to reduce the potential consequences of low iodine intake.

Selim KURTO?LU

2002-06-01

343

A paleotsunami record from marshlands in West Aceh Province, Indonesia  

Science.gov (United States)

Constraining the frequency and magnitude of large events in the Indian Ocean region is critical to assess and mitigate tsunami risk along this densely populated coastline in the future. As historical records of large tsunamis in the area are sparse, the geological record provides the best evidence of recurrence rates and size of ancient tsunamis. Based on sediment data from coastal marshland deposits we present a paleotsunami record for West Aceh Province, Indonesia, an area immediately adjacent to the seismic source that was severely affected by the December 2004 tsunami. The recent tsunami deposited a distinct, typically 10-20 cm thick sand sheet up to 2 km inland within a prograding beach ridge plain. Sediment cores from swales in between beach ridges revealed three older sand layers, up to 10 cm thick, and intercalated within organic-rich marshland deposits. At least two of the older sand layers can be followed for several hundred meters along shore normal transects. Coring sites of different transects can be laterally correlated by following pronounced older beach ridges running parallel to the shoreline. The three individual sand layers occur at different distances to the shoreline, with the youngest sand layer at ~500 m distance from the present coast and the oldest one between 1500 m to 2000 m inland within older beach ridge complexes. The spatial distributions as well as grain size trends suggest landward directed flows over a prograding beach ridge plain, which can be best explained by ancient tsunamis. Radiocarbon dating of these deposits indicate three events occurring around 1000 AD, between 1350AD-1550AD, and after 1800AD, with the latter potentially correlating with a historically reported event in 1907AD.

Monecke, K.; Finger, W.; Kongko, W.; McAdoo, B.; Moore, A. L.; Sudrajat, S. U.

2007-12-01

344

PLANTS OF JAHAN NAMA PROTECTED AREA, GOLESTAN PROVINCE, N. IRAN  

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Full Text Available Jahan Nama Protected Area is located in the eastern parts of Alborz Mountains, between 36º35? and 36º42? northern latitudes and 54º08? and 54º36? eastern longitudes, with an altitude ranging from 800 to 3100 m. The complicated topography and habitat heterogeneity, in addition to influencing the area by humid Caspian climate at the north and Mediterranean-like climate at the south have caused formation of diverse vegetation types including deciduous montane forests, cold-resistant Juniper woodlands, montane steppes, grasslands and meadows, cliff and riverine vegetation. Based on collection of about 1350 specimens during 1999, 2000 and 2004 to 2007, a total number of 607 vascular plant species were identified from this area belonging to 329 genera and 85 families. The Dicots with 469 species are the richest group of flora of the area followed by Monocots with 119 species, Gymnosperms with 6 species and Pteridophytes with 13 species. The largest families in the area are Poaceae (53 species, Labiatae (50 species and Brassicaceae (52 species, and the most diverse genera include Astragalus (16 species, Carex (11 species and Veronica (11 species. The floristic composition of the area is strongly influenced by large number of Euro-Siberian (boreal elements in the mesic parts and Irano-Turanian elements in the Juniper woodland and montane steppe parts of the area. The area inhabited by several endemic plants of the Hyrcanian and Kopetdagh-Khorassan floristic provinces in addition to local endemics of the eastern and Central Alborz like Ferula glaucopruinosa (Rech.f. Akhani comb. nov. and trees like Taxus baccata which is considered as a protected and threatened species in Iran.

H. AKHANI

2008-08-01

345

Seismicity and tectonics in Jujuy Province, northwestern Argentina  

Science.gov (United States)

The Portable Array for Numerical Digital Analysis (PANDA) network, a digitally recorded seismic array, operated for nine months in Jujuy province of northwestern Argentina. The network was deployed along the eastern edge of the Altiplano-Puna plateau in a major N-S thrust belt that is transitional in style between the thin-skinned deformation of the Bolivian foreland to the north and basement-involved deformation of the Pampean region to the south. Teleseismic locations of crustal earthquakes in the region indicate that seismicity is associated with compressional structures found near the eastern deformation front. No crustal seismicity was detected beneath the Puna plateau to the west. Peak seismicity levels beneath the foreland occurred between 20 and 25 km depth; a sharp decrease in seismicity was observed below 25 km. An estimate of 42 km for the thickness of the Jujuy foreland crust was inferred from wide-angle Moho reflections observed on the digital seismograms. The highest concentration of crustal seismicity was located beneath Sierra de Zapla, a broad anticline immediately east of San Salvador de Jujuy. Many of the earthquakes in the 20-25 km depth range have a shallow, west dipping nodal plane as does the focal mechanism solution for a moderately large 1973 earthquake. Inversion of focal mechanism data for the orientation of principal stresses shows that maximum compression is oriented at azimuth 74°, closely paralleling both the current Nazca-South America convergence direction and the shortening direction derived from regional Quaternary fault slip data. We interpret the earthquakes as occurring on planes of weakness first produced during Cretaceous rifting and later reactivated by Neogene compressive stresses. Crustal seismicity patterns and fault plane solutions suggest the presence of a midcrustal detachment, along which significant late Cenozoic E-W shortening has occurred.

Cahill, Thomas; Isacks, Bryan L.; Whitman, Dean; Chatelain, Jean-Luc; Perez, Alejandro; Chiu, Jer Ming

1992-10-01

346

Congenital Hypothyroidism: Increased Incidence in Yazd Province, Iran  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH is one of the most common preventable causes of mental retardation. Its worldwide incidence is estimated to be one in 2500-5500 births. Assessment of thyroid gland in neonates is critical. The aims of this study were to demonstrate the incidence of CH in neonates born in Yazd province, Iran in 1389 (2010 and compare the results with other reported studies and investigate biochemical characteristics of affected infants. Materials & Methods: This is an analytical descriptive cross-sectional study. The study was conducted on all infants (13022 births born in 1389 (March 2010-March 2011. Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH was measured using ELISA technique. Results: Forty five infants suffered from congenital hypothyroidism with an overall incidence of one in 289 live births. Twenty five of the diagnosed infants were males (incidence 1:261 and twenty were females (incidence 1:325. The incidence of CH in boys was more than girls (P-value = 0.295. The highest incidence of CH was observed in spring followed by summer and the lowest incidence was in autumn followed by winter (P-value=0.000. Conclusion: The CH incidence was 10.3 to 13.8 times more than other countries. The highest CH incidence was in spring followed by summer and the lowest incidence was in autumn followed by winter. It is important that a larger size of cases need to be screened and more information on the aetiology of the affected infants to be obtained

M. Noori-Shadkam

2012-07-01

347

Intestinal Parasitic Infection among School Children in Golestan Province, Iran  

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Full Text Available Infections by intestinal parasites are a major public health problem worldwide, especially among children in developing countries. It causes nutritional deficiencies and anaemia. As, the prevalence of parasitic infection is different among various population, there is a need for periodical prevalence evaluation to an appropriate control strategy. The goal in this study was to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in primary school children living in Gorgan, north of Iran. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 800 schoolchildren aged 8-12 years of Gorgan city, capital of Golestan province, located in the north of Iran in 2011. Three stool specimens were collected from each student. Specimens were examined with direct wet and formalin ethyl acetate method. Data were analyzed with SPSS version 16 software. A total of 800 schoolchildren were screened. Nearly one third of students (28.8% were infected with one or more intestinal parasites. The most common parasite were Giardia intestinalis (9.9%; 79/800 and H. nana (1.5% ; 12/800, respectively. The data showed that Children living in crowded family (?3 were more susceptible to infection also take care of animals in house helps to transmission of parasite infections as there was a significant association between that and rates of parasite infections (p-value<0.05. The prevalence of infection was also much more common in those students whose parents were less educated. A high percentage of school children were infected to intestinal parasites, so, intervention programs including health education and environmental sanitation are required.

Sharbatkhori Mitra

2012-01-01

348

Survey of Dogs’ Parasites in Khorasan Razavi Province, Iran  

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Full Text Available "nBackground: Dog is known to act as definitive host for some parasites that cause important diseases in man and animals. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of Neospora caninum and other intestinal parasites in dogs in Khorasan Razavi Province, Iran. "nMethods: A cross-sectional study was done concerning frequency of N. canium and other in­testinal parasites in dogs in Mashhad area. Totally, 174 fecal samples from 89 farm dogs and 85 household dogs were collected from 2006 to 2007. Fecal samples were examined for de­tecting intestinal parasites by Mini Parasep®SF faecal parasite concentrator in Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran "nResults: The overall prevalence of other intestinal parasites in farm dogs and household dogs were 29.21% and 14.11%, respectively. Seven parasites were found in farm dogs as follows: Toxocara canis 17.9%, Taenia sp. 10.1% , Strongyloides stercoralis 5.6%, Hammondia Neo­spora-like oocysts (HNLO 4.4% , Isospora sp. 7.8 %, Sarcocystis sp. 7.8 % and   Giardia sp. 1.1%  and four parasite in housed dogs:  Toxocara. 4.4%, Taenia sp. 3.3 % , Isospora sp. 2.3 % and  Sarcocystis sp. 4.7 %.  The fecal samples with HNLO were examined by N. caninum -specific PCR, and two of samples were positive for N. caninum. "nConclusion: The farm and household dogs are the source of some important zoonotic and non-zoonotic diseases in Iran .

GhR Razmi

2009-12-01

349

Possible Volcanic Province in Western Promethei Terra, Mars  

Science.gov (United States)

The western Promethei Terra region (36-50°S, 90-106°E) studied is roughly ~700 km across. It occupies a unique area on the smoothened eastern Hellas basin rim, and consists of two parts: a gentler (~0.07°, eastward of ~97°E) and a steeper (~0.88°, W of ~97°E) regional slope. The Noachian cratered terrain surrounds the region in the NE, E, and S. The large canyons of Harmakhis, Reull and Teviot Valles cut through the central area and the smooth Hesperian plains [1-10] of the western and central areas display a set of features that does not occur elsewhere on the eastern side of the Hellas basin. The plains have multi-layered interiors as seen on the walls of the canyons that cut them. Similar stacks of sub- horizontal layers are seen in other Martian regions with exposed lava plain interiors, for example, in Lunae Planum and Syrtis Major. These are classic volcanic provinces the layered structure of which was formed by successive emplacement of sheet lava flows that followed the general topographic trend. The average visible thickness of the Promethei layers is ~70-80 m and the typical measured canyon wall slope is ~25-30o. This gives an estimate of the thickness of the layers, which is ~35-45 m. The full layer stack thickness, estimated from observations, is ~1.3 km. Consistent with the observed layering, there are narrow wrinkle ridges (WR) that deform the surface of the plains. WR mostly occur in the eastern portion of the area near Reull and Teviot Valles but some of them are seen near Harmakhis Vallis in the west. Additional long straight narrow ridges (widths 2557. [8] Mest & Crown (2002) USGS I-2730. [9] Mest & Crown (2002) USGS I- 2763. [10] Leonard & Tanaka (2001) USGS I-2694. [11] Head et al. (2006) Geology 34, 285-288.

Raitala, J.; Ivanov, M.; Kostama, V.; Korteniemi, J.; Törmänen, T.; Neukum, G.

2007-12-01

350

Potato virus yisolated from pepper fields in Tehran Province.  

Science.gov (United States)

Potato Virus Y was known as the main cause of yellowing and vein necrosis of pepper in Tehran Province, using Double Antibody Sandwich Elisa (DAS-ELISA). Biological properties including host range of the isolate was determined after biological purification. Host range studies showed that pepper isolate of PVY caused vein clearing and mosaic symptoms on Datura metel and Capsicum annum, mosaic on Nicotiana tabacum cv. White Barley, N. tabacum cv. Samsun and N. rustica but didn't show any symptoms on Physalis floridana, Chenopodium amaranticolor, C. quinoa and Solanum tuberosum. Also the virus was physically purified from propagative hosts: Datura metel, Nicotiana tabacum cv. White Barley and Capsicum annum using Leiser & Richter (1978) method. The A260/280 absorbance ratio of the isolate was 1.16, 1.50 and 1.04 for purified preparations from D. metel, N. tabacum cv. White Barley and C. annum respectively. SDS-PAGE of the coat protein extracted from purified virus preparations gave bands at position of about 34 KD and Western Blotting (using PVY antiserum with 1/1000 dilution, obtained from DSMZ, Germany) confirmed its as the PVY coat protein. In order to prepare antiserum, five injections were given at 7-10 days intervals to rabbit. A week after the last injection the rabbit was bled and the antiserum collected. The primer pairs NIA/F and NIA/R (Glais et al., 2005) were used in IC-RT-PCR and the length of the amplified fragment was 752 bp. This is the first report of PVY incidence in pepper fields in Iran. PMID:17390898

Mostafae, S; Mosahebi, Gh; Habibi, M Koohi

2006-01-01

351

Impacts of shoreline erosion on coastal ecosystems in Songkhla Province  

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Full Text Available Songkhla Province is located on the eastern coast of the southern Thai Peninsula, bordering the Gulf of Thailand for approximately 107 km. Most of the basin’s foreshores have been extensively developed for housing, tourism and shrimp farming. The beaches are under deteriorating impacts, often causing sediment transport which leads to an unnaturally high erosion rate. This natural phenomenon is considered to be a critical problem in the coastal areas affected by the hazard of coastal infrastructure and reduced beach esthetics for recreation. In this study, shoreline changes were compared between 1975 and 2006 using aerial photographs and Landsat imageries using Geographic Information System (GIS. The results revealed that 18.5 km2 of the coastal areas were altered during the period. Of this, 17.3 km2 suffered erosion and 1.2 km2were subjected to accretion. The most significant changes occurred between 1975-2006. Shoreline erosion was found at Ban Paktrae, Ranot District, with an average erosion rate of 5.3 m/year, while accretion occurred at Laem Samila, MuangSongkhla District with an average accretion rate of 2.04 m/year. The occurrences of shoreline erosion have contributed to the degradation of coastal soil and water quality, destruction of beach and mangrove forests, loss of human settlements and livelihood.These processes have led to deterioration of the quality of life of the residents. Prevention and mitigation measures to lessen economic and social impacts due to shoreline erosion are discussed.

Nipaporn Chusrinuan

2009-07-01

352

Rationalisation of nursing education in Limpopo province : nurse educators' perspectives.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nursing education institutions are facing a challenge of realigning its functioning according to the changes that are taking place within the country. The intention of the government post apartheid was to correct the imbalances which were brought about by the apartheid government and the following regulations and policies influenced the change in nursing education, that is, Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP), White Paper on Higher Education (WPHE), and the National Qualification Framework (NQF) (South Africa, 1995:6). In 1996 the government introduced the first democratic constitution of the Republic of South Africa (RSA) according toAct 108 of 1996. In the light of those increasing changes in nursing education, led by political change, the experiences of nurse educators is a critical issue facing nursing campuses. The purpose of this study was two-fold; namely: to explore and describe the experiences of nurse educators with regard to the rationalisation of nursing education and to use information obtained to describe guidelines for the effective rationalisation of a nursing college in the Limpopo Province. A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and contextual research design was used. Qualitative interviews were conducted with nurse educators who worked in nursing colleges before and after 1994. Measures to ensure trustworthiness were applied and ethical issues were adhered to throughout the research process. Data was analysed following Tesch's method (Creswell 1994:154-155). The research established that nurse educators experienced dissatisfaction in several areas relating to the rationalization of nursing education. Support was also expected from bureaucracy at higher level. This study developed guidelines to policy makers and nurse educators to ensure effective rationalisation process. PMID:18402422

Makhuvha, T R; Davhana-Maselesele, M; Netshandama, V O

2007-12-01

353

Integrated Geophysical Studies in the East-Indian Geothermal Province  

Science.gov (United States)

Integrated geophysical surveys using vertical electrical sounding (VES), very low frequency (VLF) EM, radiation counting, total magnetic field and self-potential (SP) measurements are carried out to characterize the geothermal area around a hot spring in the Nayagarh district, Orissa, India that lies in the East Indian geothermal province. The study was performed to delineate the fracture pattern, contaminated groundwater movement and possible heating source. VES interpretations suggest a three- to four-layer structure in the area. Resistivity survey near the hot spring suggests that weathered and fractured formations constitute the main aquifer system and extend to 60 m depth. Current flow measured at various electrode separations normalized by the applied voltage suggests that fractures extend to a greater depth. Detailed VLF study shows that fractures extend beyond 70 m depth. VLF anomaly has also very good correlation with the total magnetic field measured along the same profiles. Study results suggest that a gridded pattern of VLF survey could map the underground conductive fracture zones that can identify the movement of contaminated groundwater flow. Therefore, precautionary measures can be taken to check further contamination by delineating subsurface conducting structures. Self potential (SP) measured over the hot spring does not show a large anomaly in favor of the presence of a sulphide mineral body. A small positive (5 15mV) SP anomaly is measured which may be streaming potential due to subsurface fluid flow. A high radiation is measured about four kilometers from the hot spring, suggesting possible radiogenic heating. However, the exact nature of the heating source and its depth is not known in the area. Deep resistivity followed by a magneto-telluric survey could reveal the deeper structures.

Baranwal, V. C.; Sharma, S. P.

2006-01-01

354

Geological and anthropogenic impacts on inorganic water quality at rural clinics in the Limpopo Province, South Africa / van Heerden, K.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study gives insight to the origin of pollution in the water resources of the Limpopo province of South Africa. The Limpopo province is the largest rural province in South Africa. Up to 40% of the total population does not have access to sufficient water supply, resulting in adverse health effects. The purpose of this study is to determine (1) the degree of inorganic pollution of borehole water; (2) to identify the pollution sources, and (3) to determine whether the pollution is inherited...

Heerden, Karien

2011-01-01

355

Results of a gibbon survey in the Kim Hy Nature Reserve (Bac Kan province) in northeastern Vietnam  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The cao-vit crested gibbon (Nomascus nasutus) is one of the world’s most endangered primate species, with one single protected forest patch in the border area between Cao Bang province (Vietnam) and Guangxi province (China) supporting the last known population. No other locality is known to support a population of this species, however, some gibbons are rumoured to have survived in Kim Hy Nature Reserve of Bac Kan province (northeastern Vietnam). Although several previous surveys in Kim Hy ...

Geissmann, T.; Thanh, V. N.; Dine, M. C.; Tiep, T. M.

2009-01-01

356

Selected conditions for the development of tourism in the sieradzkie province in the Years 1975-1998  

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Full Text Available On 1st June 1975 a new two-tier administrative division of the country was introduced creating 49 new provinces. One of the newly created provinces was sieradzkie. On the territory of the sieradzkie province the development of tourism was coordinated and supervised by the department for physical education and tourism (the name of the department during the period changed repeatedly. The main factors for the development of tourism in the sieradzkie province included: the amount of funding spent on tasks related to tourism, tourism infrastructure (accommodation and catering, qualified tourist staff, as well as activities in the field of information and promotion of tourism.

Arkadiusz P?omi?ski

2014-02-01

357

Prevalence of Neonatal Hearing Impairment in Province Capitals  

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Full Text Available Background and Aim: Hearing impairment is one of the most common congenital defects. Unfortunately there have been no studies so far on the prevalence of various degrees of neonatal hearing, loss in Iran. As accurate determination of prevalence is crucial in estimating disease burden and planning subsequent interventions, we carried out this study to determine the prevalence of neonatal hearing impairment. Materials and Methods: In this study, we assessed the prevalence of hearing loss among the newborns in province capitals and also looked at the role of some putative risk suggested by the Joint committee on Infant Hearing (JCIH. In this research, 76500 newborns who had undergone audiologist-administered screening tests were assessed by a special questionnaire designed specifically for this study. Results: After trapshooting the overall prevalence of hearing loss was estimated and then cases were classified as moderate (40 - 65 db HL, severe (65 - 90 db HL, or profound (>90 db HL hearing loss. Among the newborns examined, a total of 362 were diagnosed with hearing loss and hence the overall prevalence was estimated at 4.7 per thousand; 168 cases had moderate (2.2 × 10 -3, 114 cases had severe (1.5 × 10 -3 and 80 cases had profound (1.1 × 10 -3 hearing loss.The prevalence rate ranges from 2-3 × 10 -3 (in Hamedan and Mazandaran to 7-8 × 10 -3 (in Yazd and Chaharmahal-Bakhtiari. In newborns with a family history of sensory-neural hearing loss the prevalence was 16 × 10 -3, compared to 18 × 10 -3 in those requiring blood transfusions, 15 × 10 -3 in newborns with a history of admission to neonatal intensive care units, 17 × 10 -3 in those with craniofacial anomalies, and 19 × 10 -3 in newborns with birth weights below 1500 grams.The sample included 39376 boys and 37124 girls; 193 boys (5 × 10 -3 and 169 girls (4.6 × 10 -3 were affected. The stratified prevalence in males (193 was 477 × 10 -3 for intermediate, 311 × 10 -3 for severe and 202 × 10 -3 for profound deafness. The rates in the female population were 437 × 10 -3 for intermediate, 320 × 10 -3 for severe and 273 × 10 -3 for profound hearing loss.Conclusion: The results confirm the need for extensive neonatal screening programs, and the significant difference in prevalence between high-risk groups and the normal population provides justification for continuous audiologic screening in this group of newborns.

A Rahimi

2007-09-01

358

Chemical zoning of muscovite megacrystal from the Brazilian Pegmatite Province  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Um grande cristal de muscovita, macroscopicamente homogêneo, procedente do Pegmatito Cruzeiro, localizado na Província Pegmatítica Oriental, em Minas Gerais, exibe padrão de distribuição complexa para alguns elementos traços. Em estudos geocronológicos e petrológicos, como, por exemplo, na separação [...] entre micas magmáticas e pós-magmáticas, a causa de zoneamento deve ser levada em consideração. O complexo zoneamento químico no cristal de mica estudado é melhor explicado pelo crescimento em um magma evoluído, seguido pela alteração, proveniente da percolação de fluidos hidrotermais. O enriquecimento de Rb nas bordas é interpretado como resultado da evolução química do magma residual durante o crescimento do cristal. A diminuição em (IV Al+VI Al), bem como o aumento de (Fe+Mg) e Si ao longo da fratura é explicado pela substituição hidrotermal celadonítica da muscovita. A alteração hidrotermal causou, também, a diminuição nos conteúdos de Rb, Ga, Y, Nb, Sn e Zn ao longo desta fratura, além da concentração residual de Ti. Elementos tais como, Ga, Y, Nb, Sn, e Zn, pouco considerados em discussão de diferenciação ou processos de alteração, mostraram significância tanto quanto os elementos alcalinos. Abstract in english Macroscopically homogenous muscovite plate from the Cruzeiro pegmatite, located in the Eastern Pegmatite Province in Minas Gerais, may show complex distribution patterns of some trace elements. In geochronological and petrological studies, as for example in the distinction of magmatic and post-magma [...] tic mica, the cause of zoning could be taken into consideration. The complex chemical zoning in the studied mica plate can be best explained by growth in an evolving magma followed by alteration due to percolation of hydrothermal fluids. Enrichment of Rb towards the border is interpreted as resulting from the chemical evolution of the residual magma during crystal growth. The depletion in (IV Al+VI Al) as well as the increase in (Fe+Mg) and Si along a fracture could be due to the hydrothermal celadonitic substitution of muscovite. This alteration also caused depletion in the contents of Rb, Ga, Y, Nb, Sn, and Zn and residual concentration of Ti. Elements such as Ga, Y, Nb, Sn, and Zn, rarely considered in the discussion of differentiation or alteration processes in micas, have been shown to be as significant as the alkali-elements.

Rúbia R., Viana; Hanna J., Evangelista; Willem B., Stern.

2007-09-01

359

Shaded Relief of South Africa, Northern Cape Province  

Science.gov (United States)

Located north of the Swartberg Mountains in South Africa's Northern Cape Province, this topographic image shows a portion of the Great Karoo region. Karoo is an indigenous word for 'dry thirst land.' The semi-arid area is known for its unique variety of flora and fauna. The topography of the area, with a total relief of 200 meters (650 feet), reveals much about the geologic history of the area. The linear features seen in the image are near-vertical walls of once-molten rock, or dikes, that have intruded the bedrock. The dikes are more resistant to weathering and, therefore, form the linear wall-like features seen in the image. In relatively flat arid areas such as this, small changes in the topography can have large impacts on the water resources and the local ecosystem. These data can be used by biologists to study the distribution and range of the different plants and animals. Geologists can also use the data to study the geologic history of this area in more detail.This shaded relief image was generated using topographic data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission. A computer-generated artificial light source illuminates the elevation data to produce a pattern of light and shadows. Slopes facing the light appear bright, while those facing away are shaded. On flatter surfaces, the pattern of light and shadows can reveal subtle features in the terrain. Colors show the elevation as measured by SRTM. Colors range from green at the lowest elevations to reddish at the highest elevations. Shaded relief maps are commonly used in applications such as geologic mapping and land use planning.The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM), launched on February 11, 2000, uses the same radar instrument that comprised the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) that flew twice on the Space Shuttle Endeavour in 1994. The mission is designed to collect three-dimensional measurements of the Earth's surface. To collect the 3-D data, engineers added a 60-meter-long (200-foot) mast, an additional C-band imaging antenna and improved tracking and navigation devices. The mission is a cooperative project between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) and the German (DLR) and Italian (ASI) space agencies. It is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Earth Science Enterprise, Washington, DC.

2000-01-01

360

[Emergy evaluation and dynamic measurement analysis of agro-ecosystems in Sichuan Province of Southwest China].  

Science.gov (United States)

Agro-ecosystem is the most basic system for human beings survival, while the analysis of the structure and function of the system is the key to solve the problems of agro-ecological environment. In this paper, emergy theory and related economic measurement methods including data envelopment analysis, cointegration test, and error correction model were applied to quantitatively analyze the operation dynamics, environmental loading, operation efficiency, and input-output relation of the agro-ecosystems in Sichuan Province and its 21 cities in 1997-2009. In the study period, Sichuan Province was in the transition period from traditional agriculture to modern agriculture. The agricultural mechanization level of the Province improved constantly, resources utilization efficiency enhanced continually, overall structural dominant degree was better, but the over-reliance on economic emergy input caused the sustainability of the system weakened gradually. The development status of the agro-ecosystems in the Province varied among regions. Chengdu Plain and Western Sichuan Highland were either in overexploited or in underutilized, while the hilly areas were full of vitality and development potential, tended to be the important areas for the future development of Sichuan agriculture. Generally, the operation efficiency of the agro-ecosystems in the Province was relatively low, with the situation differed in different regions due to the lower technical efficiency or improper scale. There was a long-term equilibrium between the economic emergy indices and output emergy, but the short-term emergy input didn't reach the ideal output. PMID:22720632

Zhang, Ying-Cong; Du, Shou-Hu

2012-03-01

 
 
 
 
361

Fauna and Checklist of Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae of East Azerbaijan Province, Northwestern Iran  

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Full Text Available In order to study the mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae fauna of East Azerbaijan Province, some samplings were carried out by dipping method for the larvae and hand catch, night biting catch, total catch, and shelter pit collection as well as using window trap for the adults during June, July, and August 2004 plus July and August 2005. In total, 1305 adult mosquitoes and 603 larvae were collected. Seven genera and 15 species were identified in the prov¬ince including; Anopheles claviger, An. hyrcanus, An. maculipennis s.l., An. pseudopictus, An. sacharovi, An. superpictus, Aedes vexans, Coquillettidia richiardii, Cx. pipiens, Cx. theileri, Cx. tritaeniorhynchus, Culiseta longiareolata, Cs. subo¬chrea, Ochlerotatus caspius s.l., and Uranotaenia unguiculata. An. maculipennis complex, Cx. pipiens, and Cx. theileri were the most prevalent and widely dis¬tributed species. An. pseudopictus, Ae. vexans, and Cq. richiardii are reported for the first time in East Azerbaijan Province and a checklist for the mosquitoes of the province is also presented. Among the mosquitoes of the province, there are many potential vectors of human and domesticated animal pathogens that their ecology needs to be studied extensively.

MR Abai

2007-11-01

362

Natural and artificial radioactivity distribution In soil of Fars province (IR)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fars province is a large populated large province located in the southwest of Iran. This work presents a study of natural and radioactivity levels in soil samples of this province. For this purpose, 126 samples were gathered from different regions of the province and analysed by gamma spectroscopy to quantify radioactivity concentrations of radionuclides using a high-purity germanium detector and spectroscopy system. The results of this investigation show the average concentrations of 271 ± 28 Bq kg-1, 6.37 ± 0.5 Bq kg-1, 14.9 ± 0.9 Bq kg-1 and 26.3 ± 1.9 Bq kg-1 for 40K, 137Cs, 232Th and 238U in soil, respectively. Finally, baseline maps were established for the concentrations of each of the radionuclides in different regions. The absorbed dose rate and the annual effective dose (AED) were also calculated for the radionuclides according to the guidelines of UNSCEAR 2000. The average AED from the radioactivity content of soil in this province was found to be 39.9 ± 1.8 ?Sv. (authors)

363

Sustainable Development of Agricultural Product Processing Industry in Jilin Province of China  

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Full Text Available Jilin is a big agricultural province in northeast China. Development of agricultural product processing industry and improvement of agro-food additional value play a vital role in improvement of living standard of farmer and increase of local government financial revenue. Therefore, agricultural product processing industry is regarded as the third pillar industry after automotive industry and petrochemical industry in Jilin Province, China. Considering the characteristics of agricultural product processing industry, such as water-consuming, over-dependent on water and agricultural products and so forth, its sustainable development seems more necessary than other industries. Sustainable development is not to limit development of agricultural product processing industry, but to further development. The investigation results demonstrated that development of agricultural product processing industry in Jilin Province is still at stage of extensive growth and the sustainable development faces big challenges. In this study, the factors that affect sustainable development of agricultural product processing industry in Jilin Province were discussed and the practicable strategies for sustainable development of agricultural product processing industry of Jilin Province were proposed.

Chuan Lian Song

2011-06-01

364

U-series concentration in surface and ground water resources of Ardabil province  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Hundred and sixteen water resources including springs, wells, rivers and lakes in Ardabil province, northwest of Iran, were sampled and analyzed. The analysis included chemical analyses, 222Rn and 226Ra levels as well as total Uranium contents. 222 >Rn levels were determined only for hot springs. The concentrations of Radium and Uranium in all water resources of Ardabil province were determined by the collector chamber and fluorimetric methods, respectively. The Radium and Uranium concentrations ranged from 2.0 to 300 mBq L-1 and from 1.4 to 280 ppb, respectively. Furthermore, the annual effective dose varied between 8 and 47 ?S y-1. The reason for variations of Radium and Uranium concentration is the diverse geological structures in Ardabil province. The aim of this study was to determine the level of natural radioactivity in all water resources of the Ardabil province and whether this radiation causes any danger to health. The hot springs were found to have high level of activities and some water resources in Meshkin-Shahr city had the highest activities among other cities in Ardabil province. (authors)

365

An Epidemiological study of malignancies in Jammu province, India a retrospective study (1999-2003  

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Full Text Available Research Question: -To Study the magnitude, pattern and inter district variation of Malignancies in different regions of Jammu Province from January 1999 to Dec. 2003. Setting : - Entire Population of Jammu Province. Study Design: - A Hospital based retrospective study. Methodology: -The study was carried out retrospectively from January 1999 to December 2003. The year wise data was collected from the medical case files maintained year wise in the Department of Radiotherapy and medical record section of the associated hospitals. All the new cases from Jammu province reporting for the first time in the five year time period were included. Only the primary tumors were recorded. In case of multiple primary cancer in same person they were all counted as new. Results: : - The total of 4507 new cases from Jammu province were registered in five year time period. Maximum cases 2541 (56.37% were from Jammu District. Among males from Kathua, Jammu, Doda , Udhampur and Rajouri Respiratory system and Intrathoracic organs were at the top (40.40%, 37.47%, 37.25%, 36.97% and 33.74% resp.. Female Genital organs followed by Breast cancer were the leading site in female patients from Kathua and Jammu District (41.31% and 16.90% for Kathua and 33.39% and 18.41% for Jammu. Conclusion : -The leading Site of Malignancies among Male and Females varied in different districts of Jammu province. This could be attributed to various cultural dietary and environmental factors.

Gupta Rushali

2012-11-01

366

Emergence of rabies in the Gauteng Province, South Africa: 2010–2011  

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Full Text Available Canine rabies is enzootic throughout Sub-Saharan Africa, including the Republic of South Africa. Historically, in South Africa the coastal provinces of KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape were most affected. Alarmingly, outbreaks of canine rabies have been increasingly reported in the past decade from sites where it has previously been under control. From January 2010 to December 2011, 53 animal rabies cases were confirmed; these were mostly in domestic dogs from southern Johannesburg, which was previously considered to be rabies free. In addition, one case was confirmed in a 26-month old girl who had been scratched by a pet puppy during this period. The introduction of rabies into Gauteng Province was investigated through genetic analysis of rabies positive samples confirmed during the outbreak period. In addition, the nucleotide sequences of incidental cases reported in the province for the past ten years were also included in the analysis. It was found that the recent canine rabies outbreak in the Gauteng Province came from the introduction of the rabies virus from KwaZulu-Natal, with subsequent local spread in the susceptible domestic dog population of southern Johannesburg. The vulnerability of the province was also highlighted through multiple, dead-end introductions in the past ten years. This is the first report of a rabies outbreak in the greater Johannesburg area with evidence of local transmission in the domestic dog population.

Claude T. Sabeta

2013-04-01

367

Predicting the risk of arsenic contaminated groundwater in Shanxi Province, Northern China  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Shanxi Province is one of the regions in northern China where endemic arsenicosis occurs. In this study, stepwise logistic regression was applied to analyze the statistical relationships of a dataset of arsenic (As) concentrations in groundwaters with some environmental explanatory parameters. Finally, a 2D spatial model showing the potential As-affected areas in this province was created. We identified topography, gravity, hydrologic parameters and remote sensing information as explanatory variables with high potential to predict high As risk areas. The model identifies correctly the already known endemic areas of arsenism. We estimate that the area at risk exceeding 10 ?g L?1 As occupies approximately 8100 km2 in 30 counties in the province. - Highlights: ? We develop a statistical model to predict arsenic affected areas of Shanxi Province. ? Holocene sediments, TWI, Rivdist, Gravity, remote sensing images are key predictors. ? Area of 8112 km2 and more than 30 counties are estimated at risk of arsenic hazard. ? Logistic regression model could be widely used to predict other emerging regions. - Explanatory variables from topography, hydrology, gravity, and remote sensing information are benefit to model As risk in groundwater of Shanxi Province.

368

Emergence of rabies in the Gauteng Province, South Africa: 2010-2011  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Canine rabies is enzootic throughout Sub-Saharan Africa, including the Republic of South Africa. Historically, in South Africa the coastal provinces of KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape were most affected. Alarmingly, outbreaks of canine rabies have been increasingly reported in the past decade from si [...] tes where it has previously been under control. From January 2010 to December 2011, 53 animal rabies cases were confirmed; these were mostly in domestic dogs from southern Johannesburg, which was previously considered to be rabies free. In addition, one case was confirmed in a 26-month old girl who had been scratched by a pet puppy during this period. The introduction of rabies into Gauteng Province was investigated through genetic analysis of rabies positive samples confirmed during the outbreak period. In addition, the nucleotide sequences of incidental cases reported in the province for the past ten years were also included in the analysis. It was found that the recent canine rabies outbreak in the Gauteng Province came from the introduction of the rabies virus from KwaZulu-Natal, with subsequent local spread in the susceptible domestic dog population of southern Johannesburg. The vulnerability of the province was also highlighted through multiple, deadend introductions in the past ten years. This is the first report of a rabies outbreak in the greater Johannesburg area with evidence of local transmission in the domestic dog population.

Claude T, Sabeta; Jacqueline, Weyer; Peter, Geertsma; Debra, Mohale; Jacobeth, Miyen; Lucille H, Blumberg; Patricia A, Leman; Baby, Phahladira; Wonderful, Shumba; Johan, Walters; Janusz T, Paweska.

369

Study on the Decomposition of Factors Affecting Energy-Related Carbon Emissions in Guangdong Province, China  

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Full Text Available Guangdong is China’s largest province in terms of energy consumption. The energy-related carbon emissions in Guangdong province are calculated, and two extended and improved decomposition models for energy-related carbon emissions are established with the Logarithmic Mean Divisia Index method based on the basic principle of Kaya identity. Main results are as follows: (1 the energy-related carbon emissions from the three strata of industry, except the primary industry, and household energy consumption in Guangdong province show increasing trend from 1995 to 2009; (2 the main driving and inhibiting factors which influence energy-related carbon emissions are economic output and energy intensity, respectively, while the contributions of energy mix, industrial structures, population size and living standards are not significant during the period of interest. It is concluded that optimizing the energy mix by exploiting new energy sources and cutting down energy intensity by developing low-carbon technologies are the two most effective approaches to reduce carbon emissions for Guangdong province in the future. The results and proposals in this paper provided reference for relevant administrative departments in the Government of Guangdong province to develop policies for energy conservation and emission reduction as well as to promote development of low-carbon economy.

Wenxiu Wang

2011-12-01

370

Current infection rate of Giardia lamblia in two provinces of Thailand.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to survey for the current rate of Giardia lamblia infection in three different districts in two provinces of Thailand, Surin and Samut Sakhon, in March 2002, October 2003, and March 2004. Two districts are rural areas and another is sub-urban. Volunteers of any age from Surin Province and children aged between 5 to 7 years old from three secondary schools in Samut Sakhon were enrolled for the stool examination. The method used was stool examination by both simple smear and normal saline concentration technique on fresh collected feces. All samples were tested in duplicate. Out of 3,358 healthy individuals from rural Surin Province, 75 cases (2.2%) were found positive for G. lamblia, 30 of which were below 10 years of age. By comparison, 656 individuals from sub-urban Samut Sakhon Province volunteered and 43 (6.5%) were positive for G. lamblia. Other intestinal parasites, both helminth and protozoa, were also identified from these two groups: hookworm, Enterobius vermicularis, Strongyloides stercoralis, Trichuris trichiura, Taenia species, Entamoeba histolytica, Entamoeba coli, Endolimax nana, and Blastocystis hominis. From this study, the data showed that parasitic infection acquired via fecal-oral route is still a significant problem for these two provinces of Thailand. PMID:16438174

Wongjindanon, Nuttapong; Suksrichavalit, Thummaruk; Subsutti, Wanitcha; Sarachart, Titima; Worapisuttiwong, Utsanee; Norramatha, Pakawat

2005-01-01

371

Caractéristiques d'une population de salmonidés (Salmo salar et Salmo trutta remontant sur un affluent de l'Elorn (rivière de Bretagne nord pendant la periode de reproduction 1979-1980  

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Full Text Available L'installation d'une trappe de comptage sur le Saint-Jean, affluent du cours inférieur de l'Elorn, a permis de définir les principales caractéristiques des populations de truites et de tacons remontant sur ce ruisseau durant la période de reproduction, (novembre-janvier. Les principaux résultats obtenus semblent indiquer que durant la période de piégeage (début novembre à fin décembre les truites migrent de manière quasiment continue surtout durant le mois de décembre. Leur croissance est rapide (L. Totale à 3 ans : 26,8 cm. Les mâles peuvent maturer plus précocement que les femelles et le rapport des sexes n'est pas significativement différent de 1/1. On observe, d'autre part, sur une partie de la population, des lésions caractéristiques du « Syndrome mycosique », syndrome qui peut affecter très fortement la survie des géniteurs. En ce qui concerne les tacons de saumon atlantique, on note une montée discontinue de tacons de 2 ou 3 années. La présence, dans la population migrante de saumons marqués dans ce même affluent lors d'un inventaire précédent semble indiquer dès ce stade une reconnaissance du milieu de production initiale.

PROUZET P.

1981-10-01

372

Barriers to wind power exports from the Maritime provinces to the US northeast  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This presentation discussed a study that evaluated wind energy export potential from the Maritime provinces to the northeastern United States. The study assessed key market issues likely to affect the exports. The study showed that the Maritime provinces are capable of generating 5500 to 7500 MW of wind. The current electricity system is capable of integrating 2100 MW. Wind power integration between the 2 regions would require transmission upgrades, increased transmission capacity, and better coordination between system operators. Barriers to exports from the Maritimes include limited capacity on existing interties and high transmission tariffs. Uniform transmission tariffs are needed throughout the Maritime provinces. Coordination and integration of operators and utilities is needed to reduce the costs of wind power integration. Increased wind power production reduces price risks related to high energy prices. It was concluded that wind power is a cost-effective method of providing renewable and low carbon dioxide (CO2) generation electricity in the northeastern United States. tabs., figs

373

Research on the Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment Inflows of Gansu Province China  

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Full Text Available Foreign Direct Investment has contributed significantly to Chinese economic development. Yet the geographic distribution of the FDI is quite uneven. Compared with the inward FDI in the eastern and mid regions of China, the western region has attracted less FDI. FDI is fuelling much of the rapid economic leap of the developed regions of China and the significant inequity grows further. There are many determinant factors to influence the FDI inflows. The essay takes Gansu province as an example, the author concludes that the core constraining factors of Gansu province in FDI attraction are, but not limited to, the economy development and openness degree, natural environment and the impact of industrial cluster, thus, the government of Gansu province should formulate corresponding measures to attract FDI inflows so as to produce optimal results and stimulate the economy growth.

Yuxia Hu

2013-04-01

374

The contribution of renewable energy resources on the electrification and development at the Guantanamo Province  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Cuba's Guantanamo province is a leader in the application of renewable energy technologies. This paper discussed the socio-economic impact of renewable energy projects that are underway in the Guantanamo province to improve the standard of living in rural areas. More than 400 rural schools and 70 rural medical offices get their electricity from photovoltaic systems. Hydropower provides the energy needs to 3000 rural houses with 11,000 inhabitants. Other applications include remote community solar systems, improved woodstoves for community kitchens, solar cookers and solar dryers. This paper demonstrated how the high penetration of these renewable energy technologies has contributed to the sustainable development of the province. The lessons learned in energy management by the local governments and research institutions were also outlined. 1 tab.

Perez, S.; Angel, J. [CUBASOLAR, Guantanamo (Cuba); Moreno Figueredo, C. [Centro de Estudio de Tecnologias Energeticas Renovables (Cuba); Montesinos Larrosa, A. [Sociedad Cubana para la Promocion de las Energias Renovables (Cuba)

2008-07-01

375

An assessment of the environmental benefits of demand management for the province of Ontario  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study focused on the environmental impacts of fossil-fired generation that is expected to be displaced by electrical efficiency improvement programs and higher efficiency standards in the province on Ontario by the year 2000. Air emission dispersions were modelled by generating station. The impacts of air emission reductions on human mortality, human morbidity, building materials, agricultural crops, forests and lakes and fisheries were quantified using dose-response functions taken from the literature or estimated for the province of Ontario. Environmental impacts were monetized using cost data specific to Ontario. The final outcome was an estimate of the environmental benefits associated with emission reductions in fossil-fuelled power plants due to efficiency improvements in electricity use in the province of Ontario. (author). 7 refs., 4 tabs

376

Mini-hydropower development in human province of China and its position in the national economy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Hunan province is situated in the southern part of the middle reaches of Yangtze River. With a population of 61 million, it covers an area of about 211,800 km2, equivalent to forty percents of the territorial area of France. Throughout the province, there are more than 5300 rivers and 13000 reservoirs completed before 1991, of which over 7300 mini-hydropower stations are under operation. The theoretical hydropower potential is 15320 MW among them 12990 MW can be exploited with a total installed capacity of 1320 MW and an annual generation output of 4150 GWh. The paper will describe the general condition of the hydropower resources, development of mini-hydropower in Human province and its positive role in the national economy. Additionally, the standard of classification, the type of equipment for the medium and small-sized hydropower plants and market conditions in Hunan will be also involved in the paper. 5 tabs

377

Research on FDI Inflows and Economy Development of Jilin Province China  

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Full Text Available There is little doubt that the phase-in FDI is fuelling much of the rapid economic leap of China. Business leaders, government officials and academics are focusing considerable attention on the concept of the contribution of FDI inflows to the economic advancement in the host country China particularly in the realm of GDP furor. They are inclined to assume it as a matter of course that FDI injection in Jilin province is definitely one of the stimulating forces to its economy development. This article address this question through the lens of economics as to whether the FDI inflows to Jilin province is in complete compliance with its economic development on a sustainable basis, and whether such money injections further facilitate their impacts transfusing at best. The author synthesizes that FDI may have not crowded out domestic investment, but have been a complementary relationship with domestic investment, which has partly exerted positive powers on economic growth of Jilin province.

Lina Lian

2011-09-01

378

Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones. Part IV. Kohgilouyeh & Boyer Ahmad Province.  

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Full Text Available According to previous surveys, only Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889, Orthochirus zagrosensis Kova?ík, 2004, and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861 have been recorded from Kohgilouyeh & Boyer Ahmad Province. Collections made by a team under Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran reveal eight other species belonging to two families recorded from the province for the first time: Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807; Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905; Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880; Hottentotta zagrosensis Kova?ík, 1997; Odontobuthus bidentatus Lourenço et Pézier, 2002; Orthochirus iranus Kova?ík, 2004; Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903; and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900. Also presented is a key to all species of scorpions found in the province.

Navidpour, S.

2008-09-01

379

The Creations and Research in the Regional Landscape Spirit of Heilongjiang Province  

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Full Text Available Heilongjiang Province is located in the northeastern border part of People's Republic of China. Compared with those coastal provinces, the inner land provinces are less developed economically or culturally. However, the discovery of Hongshan civilization, the brilliant civilization of Bohai Kingdom which was affiliated to the Tang Dynasty (618AD~907AD, the nomadic and agro-culture of the ethnic groups of Jurchens minority(the ancestry of Manchu minority, Manchu minority and Mongolian minority, and the Russian culture deposit, all of these above shows that Heilongjiang is not barren in cultural deposit at all. Instead, it still, to some extent, holds its “used-to-be” splendor. The seasonal changes there are distinct, which nurtured a piece of richly-endowed land that in return nourishes its unique natural characteristics and excellent people. All of these present a subject for the research in Chinese landscape painting.
Key words: Heilongjiang; Landscape spirit; Regional

Xuehui DU

2012-06-01

380

Extraction of rice planting area in Zhejiang Province using MODIS and NOAA/AVHRR  

Science.gov (United States)

Comparison of extracting areas of paddy fields of Zhejiang Province in 2002 using Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), Advance Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR), geographic information system (GIS) and global position system (GPS) was reported in this paper. Training samples are selected and located with the help of GPS to provide maximal accuracy. A concept of assessing areas of potential cultivation of rice is suggested by means of GIS integration. MODIS data of September 1st, 2002 and NOAA/AVHRR data of September 2st, 2002 covering the whole of Zhejiang Province were acquired. By integration of Remote Sensing (RS), GIS and GPS technologies the actual areas of rice fields in 2002 have been mapped. The classification accuracy was 95.1% percent for MODIS and 92.7 percent for NOAA compared with the statistical data of the agricultural bureau of Zhejiang Province.

Huang, Jingfeng; Cheng, Qian; Wang, Renchao

2004-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

Seroepidemiology of Neospora sp. in Horses in East-Azerbaijan Province of Iran  

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Full Text Available Neospora caninum an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite is recognized as a major cause of abortion in cattle while limited information is presently available on the seroprevalence of Neospora antibodies in horses worldwide. The aim of the present study was to determine serologic prevalence of Neospora infection in horses in East-Azerbaijan province of Iran. Sera from 100 horses from Tabriz city in East-Azerbaijan province, Northwest Iran were examined for antibodies to Neospora sp. using Neospora Modified direct Agglutination Test (N-MAT. Antibodies to this parasite were detected in 28 (28% of the examined serum samples. About 32% of the samples had titer of 1:40 while then reduced to 28% when 1:80 serum dilution was applied as significant cut off titer. This study is the first investigation carried out on the Neospora in horses in East-Azerbaijan province of Iran and indicates that horses in Iran are exposed to this parasite.

Garedaghi Yagoob

2012-01-01

382

Contributions to the Moss Flora of Gumushane Province (Torul and Kurtun Districts, Turkey  

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Full Text Available Some moss specimens were collected from Gümü?hane Province between September and October 2008. As a result of field and laboratory studies, 92 taxa belonging to 22 families were identified. These taxa are presented in a list. All taxa are new to the study area (Gümü?hane Province. Eight taxa are (Ditrichum flexicaule (Schwaegr. Hampe, Ditrichum pusillum (Hedw. Hampe, Grimmia lisae De Not., Grimmia montana Bruch and Schimp., Herzogiella seligeri (Brid. Z. Iwats., Leskea polycarpa Hedw., Pohlia melanodon (Brid. J. Shaw, Trichostomum tenuirostre (Hook and Taylor Lindb. var. tenuirostre new records for A4 Square (40-42° N, 38-42° E were determined. The aim of the study was to determine the moss taxa growing in Gümü?hane Province (Torul and Kürtün districts and to make a contribution to the moss flora of Turkey.

Turan Ozdemir

2009-01-01

383

Analyzing Accidents Caused by Overturn of Vehicles (Case Study of Iran-Zanjan Province in 2010  

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Full Text Available Today, issue of accidents has turned into a great complication in Iran and it can be interpreted as silent killer which causes death of tens of human. Of the major and effective factors in occurrence of accidents are vehicle and road each playing role according to the available statistics. One of the major causes which cause serious injuries and cause death of the passengers of vehicles by 50% according to the available statistics is overturn of vehicle and all of the three factors mentioned above can play essential role in its emergence which is mostly caused by human. This paper studies causes of overturn based on the available statistics in 2010 relating to Zanjan Province, one of the provinces of northwest of Iran and suggested ways for reducing it in this province.

Seyed Mahdi Sajjadi

2014-03-01

384

Assessment of Straw Biomass Availability for Bioenergy Production in Heilongjiang Province, China  

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Full Text Available Since large-scale straw biomass-based biopower facilities have not started in China, scientific calculation methods for the total quantity of straw resources and the available quantity of resource are very limited. It is essential to explore a rational measurement and calculation method for stalk and straw resources. In this study, the available quantity of crop resources suitable for biomass power generation in Heilongjiang province was analyzed and the composition, regional distribution and straw-to-grain ratio of stalk and straw resources in this province were discussed. The abundant biomass resources in Heilongjiang Province offer great opportunities to develop sustainable and competitive bioenergy industry. The results will provide scientific data for large-scale development of bioenergy in the future.

Jinzhuo Wu

2013-01-01

385

Water and food security in China: virtual water trade associated with crop trade between Chinese provinces  

Science.gov (United States)

China's water resources are under increasing pressure from socio-economic development, diet shifts and climate change. Water availability presents a significant spatial heterogeneity in the country. We use a general equilibrium welfare model and a linear programming optimization to model inter-provincial crop trade in China. We combine these trade simulations with province-scale estimates of Virtual Water Content of these crops, from the H08 hydrological model to build the domestic virtual water trade network of China. We find that there is a wide heterogeneity in water-use efficiency among Chines provinces, with a few of the least water efficient provinces using disproportionately high amounts of irrigation water versus rainwater for crop production. We study the food trade patterns and the virtual water flows and savings associated with it.

Dalin, C.; Hanasaki, N.; Qiu, H.; Rodriguez-Iturbe, I.

2013-12-01

386

Decentralisation and convergence in health among the provinces of Spain (1980-2001).  

Science.gov (United States)

This study measures the process of convergence in the state of health among the provinces and regions of Spain during 1980-2001 in order to analyse the possible influence of the decentralisation of healthcare management to the regions in this period. Sigma and beta convergence models, traditionally employed in macroeconomics, have been used, taking Life Expectancy at Birth (LEB) and Infant Mortality (IM) as health indicators. The analysis was carried out at two territorial levels: provinces and regions. The results reveal that the process of decentralisation either does not affect convergence or leads to divergence in health. Indeed, in the case of IM the so-called change of role scenario seems to have occurred. Thus, certain provinces with initially poor indicators have improved, overtaking those that were originally in a better position. The final result, however, is of greater dispersion than initially. PMID:17161891

Montero-Granados, Roberto; Jiménez, Juan de Dios; Martín, José

2007-03-01

387

IMPACT OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT ON YOUTH EMPLOYMENT IN ZIMBABWE: THE CASE OF MASVINGO PROVINCE  

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Full Text Available Zimbabwe is basically endowed in agricultural resources. As a result agricultural activities have a large bearing on developmental issues in the country. Employment is one such economic issue that hinges much on agricultural development. Over the past decade employment levels have reduced as a result of low investment in the country. Masvingo Province has not been spared. This scenario has seen many youths being out of employment as the sector employed less labour. The study found out that economic woes that Zimbabwe experienced over the past half decade have contributed significantly to youth unemployment in agriculture in Masvingo Province as a result of low investment in the sector. The study recommends that heavy investment be put in agriculture and agriculture related projects to enhance employment levels of the Zimbabwean youths in Masvingo province.

Clainos Chidoko

2012-11-01

388

Micromammals in the Northern Cape Province of South Africa, past and present  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english This paper provides a basis for conservation work by detailing the micromammalian taxa occurring in the Northern Cape Province. It presents new evidence from 30 barn owl pellet collections, augmented by previously published material from trapping or observation (here called 'conventional' reports) a [...] nd owl roosts, divided into pre-1930, 1930-1979 and 1980 and newer as an indication of continuity of occurrence. A historical perspective is added by the inclusion of material from two archaeological sites dating to the Pleistocene (before about 10 000 years ago) and || from the Holocene (after about 10 000 years ago). Northern Cape Province synonymies are provided as an aid to equating older records with modern taxonomy. In all, 77 currently recognized micromammalian species have been recorded from the province. These comprise five Afrosoricida (golden moles), six Macroscelidea (elephant shrews), eight Soricomorpha (forest shrews), 16 Chiroptera (bats), and 42 Rodentia (rodents).

D. Margaret, Avery; Graham, Avery.

389

Efficiency Evaluation Between Port Logistics and Economic Growth by DEA: A Case Study of Zhejiang Province  

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Full Text Available This study shows that the development of modern logistics industry can promote the development of economy. Meanwhile, vigorously develop the port logistics is an important approach for Zhejiang province to seek new economic growth point. In this study, Grey correlation analysis was used to study the correlation between regional logistics and economic growth, concluded that there is a large degree of correlation between logistics industry and economic growth. Next, with the application of Data Envelopment Method, the efficiency between port logistics and economic growth of Zhejiang province was calculated, results showed that the overall influence efficiency is not satisfactory, coordination needs to be strengthened. Finally, logistics industry development countermeasures were put forward based on Marine economy perspective. The results can provide reference to Marine economic development of Zhejiang province.

Ying Huang

2014-01-01

390

The development and practices of Strategic Environmental Assessment in Shandong Province, China  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA), a newly-developed decision-making support tool, has been used in many developed and developing countries for predicting and evaluating potential environmental impact of policies, plans, and programs (PPPs), as well as for providing alternatives to avoid, mitigate, or compensate for these impacts. Unfortunately, due to the complexity and flexibility of SEA, to date there has been no consensus on a system which could be suitable for the contexts of different regions or countries. Different requirements and practices are observed in the different typical stages of SEA. Controversial areas include the appropriate indicators to apply in the early baseline setting stage, suitable methodologies for the impact assessment, and appropriate procedures for the SEA process. Given this, it is important to review and refine the SEA system specific to the context but informed by internationally agreed norms. As an illustration, this study reviews and proposes steps to refine the SEA system in Shandong Province, an economically powerful province of China, aiming to achieve sustainable development. Supported by the Environmental Impact Assessment Law of the People's Republic of China, Shandong Province employed SEA to reform the traditionally economy-oriented decision-making and incorporate consideration of environmental consequences into government deliberation on proposed PPPs. This paper illustrates the developmental process, procedures, andthe developmental process, procedures, and legal support for SEA in Shandong Province. By analyzing five SEA cases carried out by Shandong Province Environment Protection Bureau (SEPB) and Shandong University, problems in the SEA system were identified, and recommendations were made for improving the SEA system not only in Shandong Province but also other similar regions or countries.

391

Province-based self-remediation efficiency of the Tha Chin river basin, Thailand.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Tha Chin River Basin located in the great central basin of Thailand is used for water supply, aquaculture, transportation, and recreation as well as a sink for wastewater discharges. Because of gradual deterioration of water quality and fishery resources, this study aimed to explain recent status of the river self-remediation efficiency that was influenced by nutrient inputs and outputs from the river system. Field surveys were carried out during May 2007 (early rainy season) and October 2007 (late rainy season) within the Tha Chin River located in 4 provinces; Chainat, Suphan Buri, Nakhon Pathom, and Samut Sakhon. The nutrient budgets in each province section were analyzed. Results indicated that the river was in eutrophic condition all year round. High nitrogen and phosphorus loads from surrounding agricultural land use, agro-industry, and community continuously flew into the river system. Those nutrient concentrations were higher in the early rainy season than the late rainy season. The lowest river zone (in Samut Sakhon province) indicated highest dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) and orthophosphate phosphorus (P) discharges of 145.54 and 36.14 tons/day, respectively. The highest remediation efficiency of the river (ca 60% of the total input) was found in the uppermost area of Suphan Buri province. The lowest remediation efficiency (ca 12%) was found in Samut Sakhon province. From the overall view, long term monitoring of river and estuarine DIN and P should be conducted. To make better condition of aquatic environment and fishery resource in each province-based section, the controls of DIN and P remediation efficiencies (e.g. by effective management of flow speed) at 20 and 50%, respectively, were recommended. PMID:20706006

Thaipichitburapa, P; Meksumpun, C; Meksumpun, S

2010-01-01

392

Lithospheric controls on the formation of provinces hosting giant orogenic gold deposits  

Science.gov (United States)

Ages of giant gold systems (>500 t gold) cluster within well-defined periods of lithospheric growth at continental margins, and it is the orogen-scale processes during these mainly Late Archaean, Palaeoproterozoic and Phanerozoic times that ultimately determine gold endowment of a province in an orogen. A critical factor for giant orogenic gold provinces appears to be thickness of the subcontinental lithospheric mantle (SCLM) beneath a province at the time of gold mineralisation, as giant gold deposits are much more likely to develop in orogens with subducted oceanic or thin continental lithosphere. A proxy for the latter is a short pre-mineralisation crustal history such that thick SCLM was not developed before gold deposition. In constrast, orogens with protracted pre-mineralisation crustal histories are more likely to be characterised by a thick SCLM that is difficult to delaminate, and hence, such provinces will normally be poorly endowed. The nature of the lithosphere also influences the intrinsic gold concentrations of potential source rocks, with back-arc basalts, transitional basalts and basanites enriched in gold relative to other rock sequences. Thus, segments of orogens with thin lithosphere may enjoy the conjunction of giant-scale fluid flux through gold-enriched sequences. Although the nature of the lithosphere plays the crucial role in dictating which orogenic gold provinces will contain one or more giant deposits, the precise siting of those giants depends on the critical conjunction of a number of province-scale factors. Such features control plumbing systems, traps and seals in tectonically and lithospherically suitable terranes within orogens. ?? Springer-Verlag 2006.

Bierlein, F. P.; Groves, D. I.; Goldfarb, R. J.; Dube, B.

2006-01-01

393

Integrating decision support tools and environmental information systems: a case study on the Province of Milan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The paper demonstrates an application of advanced decision support tools within the framework of the environmental information system of the Province of Milan. These tools include environmental simulation models, multi criteria analysis, risk analysis and environmental accounting for marketable emission permits. After describing the general structure of the system, three demonstrational case studies are introduced concerning: groundwater pollution management; atmospheric pollution management; urban environmental quality perception and management. In the conclusion, potential use of tools like the ones implemented by the province of Milan within the framework of Local Agenda 21 processes is recalled

394

Empirical Analysis of Rural Citizens’ Political Participation in the Underdeveloped Regions of Chinese Eastern Provinces  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The rural citizens’ political participation case of Xiaohe Village in Dezhou City of Shangdong Province indicates that in the underdeveloped rural regions of Chinese eastern provinces, rural citizens’ political participation has the characters such as the participation enthusiasm and organization degree are lower, the political participation degree and level are lower, and the probability of the non-systemization of political participation still exists. Only to enhance the rural citizens’ income, establish and perfect various political mechanisms, strengthen rural citizens’ comprehensive quality, reform and extend various political participation channels to satisfy rural citizens’ practical demands, the ordered development of rural citizens’ political participation could be drove powerfully.

Zhenjun Mao

2010-04-01

395

The Demand Analysis of Life Insurance for Ethnic Regions in Gansu Province in China  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper analyzed life insurance demand for ethnic regions in Gansu province in China, using the large and high-quality micro sample provided by China household finance survey(CHFS. From the perspective of the demography variables, culture and psychological factors and protection patterns, the authors investigate and analyze ethnic life insurance ownership ratio, the specific types of insurance as well as the insurance coverage amount in Gansu province. There are few domestic literature studies this problem from individual level, so this paper plays a beneficial role for further study on this topic.

Jianshen Zhang

2014-06-01

396

Assessment of Undiscovered Petroleum Resources of the Laptev Sea Shelf Province, Russian Federation  

Science.gov (United States)

The Laptev Sea Shelf Province was assessed for undiscovered crude oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids/condensates resources (collectively referred to as petroleum) as part of the U.S. Geological Survey's Circum-Arctic Oil and Gas Resource Appraisal. Using a geology-based methodology, the USGS estimates the mean undiscovered, conventional petroleum resources in the province to be approximately 9,300 million barrels of oil equivalent, including approximately 3,069 million barrels of crude oil, 32,252 billion cubic feet of natural gas, and 861 million barrels of natural gas liquids.

Klett, Timothy R.

2007-01-01

397

Serosurveillance for equine infectious anaemia in the Ardahan province of Turkey.  

Science.gov (United States)

Equine infectious anaemia is a retroviral infection of horses. All infected horses, including those that are asymptomatic, become carriers and are infectious for life. In this study, blood samples of all equines in the province of Ardahan were collected. The material consisted of 8,947 equines, including 8,769 horses and 178 donkeys, from Ardahan province in northeastern Turkey. Blood was collected from all horses and donkeys and the sera were analysed for the presence of antibodies to equine infectious anaemia virus (EIAV) using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The results revealed that none of the horses and donkeys were positive for antibodies to EIAV. PMID:20521104

Albayrak, Harun; Ozan, Emre

2010-12-01

398

Epidemiology and clinicopathology of breast cancer in metro Manila and Rizal Province, Philippines.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The breast cancer incidence in the Philippines is among the highest in Asia. Age-standardized incidence rates (ASR) in Metro Manila and Rizal Province derived from the Philippine Cancer Society-Manila Cancer Registry and the Department of Health-Rizal Cancer Registry showed increase from 1980 to 2002, and were significantly higher in 7 cities in Metro Manila and significantly lower in 14 cities/municipalities mostly in Rizal Province. The AJCC Clinical Stage did not change from 1993 to 2002 a...

Pisani, Paola

2009-01-01

399

Mammalia, Didelphimorphia and Rodentia, Southwest of the province of Mendoza, Argentina.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We documented terrestrial micromammal assemblages at five localities of southwestern Mendoza province,Argentina. We added new localities for several of the most uncommon small mammal species of this region (e.g.Loxodontomys micropus and Tympanoctomys barrerae. Two main groups of terrestrial non-volant micromammals arerepresented in southwestern province of Mendoza: one group is related to the South American arid diagonal, andincludes species typically adapted to the xeric environments of the Monte Desert; a second group includes Patagonianand High Andean species. Some Patagonian species reached in the study area their northernmost distributional records(e.g. Abrothrix longipilis, A. olivaceus, Chelemys macronyx, Loxodontomys micropus.

Sauthier, D. U.

2008-01-01

400

GEOPHYTES OF SULDUZ REGION, WEST AZERBAYJAN PROVINCE, IRAN AND THEIR CHARACTERISTICS  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Iran is very rich in terms of plant diversity. Sulduz region (36:57º E, 45:22 ºN), West Azerbaijan Province, Iran; occupies an area of over 1050 km², which is more than 2.5 percent of the total area of West Azerbaijan province. The altitude of region is between 1000–2100 m. The systematic study of flora especially in virgin regions has its own special challenges and excitement. Commercial collection and trade represents principle threat to individual species. The present research is conc...

Amir Rahimi; Ne?et Arslan; Mehrab Aghaalinejad

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
401

Empirical Study on the Relationship between Export Commodity Structure and Carbon Emission in Henan Province  

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Full Text Available This article studied the relationship between export commodity structure and carbon emission based on VAR model and it shows that the carbon emission in Henan Province is not only subject to itself, but also to each export commodity structure factor, especially, the fluctuation of export of low value-added product has an obvious impact on carbon emission. Hence, as far as export policy is concerned, to actualize economic low-carbonization, Henan Province should accelerate the upgrading of industrial structure, intensify the research of low-carbon technology, improve environmental standard, perfect finance and taxation system and develop international cooperation.

Wu Ming-Li

2013-01-01

402

PRELIMINARY GEOID MODEL IN SAN JUAN PROVINCE: A CASE STUDY IN THE ANDES  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A high-resolution and high-precision detailed gravimetric geoid has been computed for San Juan province in Argentina, ranging from 27 degrees S to 34 degrees S in latitude and 72 degrees W to 65 degrees W in longitude. The gravimetric geoid was calculated using the RTM method, a multiband spherical Stokes Fast Fourier Transformation, and the removerestore technique for the spherical harmonic reference field and the terrain. As an external evaluation, the gravimetric quasigeoid/geoid was compared to the geoid heights obtained from 90 GPS/levelling points available for the province. Finally, a GPS-tailored local geoid, which fits the GPS observations, was computed.

Forsberg, René

2008-01-01

403

The Epidemiologic Status of Scorpion Stings in Qom Province, 2001-2011  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

AbstractBackgrounds and Aims: In the tropical regions of Iran, scorpion stings are one of the most important medical and health problems. Knowing about their epidemiologic aspects might lead to the employment of appropriate preventive methods. Therefore, these studies were done in Qom province for this purpose.Materials and Methods: This research is a descriptive cross-sectional study which has been done in all of the urban and rural areas of Qom province from 2001 to 2011, and all the cases ...

Saghafipour A.; Noroozi M; Karami Jooshin M

2013-01-01

404

Determination the frequency of Ixodid ticks on the sheep in Khorasan Razavi province, Iran  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A survey was carried out to investigate the frequency of hard tick species (Acari: Ixodidae) on sheep inKhorasan Razvi province. A total of 812 ticks were collected from the sheep of different areas of KhorsanRazavi province five species were identified as follow: Rhipicephalus turanicus (59.23%), Hyalomma.marginatum turanicum (25.73%), Hyalomma excavatum (14.8%), Hyalomma anatolicum(8.3%), and Dermacentor niveus (4.8%). The frequency of tick infestation in southern parts was greater than nor...

Rashtibaf, M.; Najarnejad, V.; Razmi, G. R.

2011-01-01

405

Folic Acid Consumption in Fars Province, Southern Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

Background: Spina bifida and anencephaly are among serious and fatal anomalies in infants that may lead to a 50-70% of reduction in incidence when folic acid is consumed before conception.

Methods: In a cross sectional study, 2997 pregnant women were evaluated to determine the level of their knowledge and practice about using folic acid in Fars Province, southern Iran.