Sample records for h-alpha equivalent width


    Fumagalli, Mattia; Patel, Shannon G.; Franx, Marijn; Labbe, Ivo [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, 2300-RA Leiden (Netherlands); Brammer, Gabriel [European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Casilla 19001, Vitacura, Santiago (Chile); Van Dokkum, Pieter; Lundgren, Britt; Momcheva, Ivelina; Skelton, Rosalind E.; Whitaker, Katherine E.; Nelson, Erica [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Da Cunha, Elisabete; Rix, Hans-Walter; Schmidt, Kasper B. [Max Planck Institute for Astronomy (MPIA), Koenigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Kriek, Mariska [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)


    We investigate the evolution of the H{alpha} equivalent width, EW(H{alpha}), with redshift and its dependence on stellar mass, using the first data from the 3D-HST survey, a large spectroscopic Treasury program with the Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Camera 3. Combining our H{alpha} measurements of 854 galaxies at 0.8 < z < 1.5 with those of ground-based surveys at lower and higher redshift, we can consistently determine the evolution of the EW(H{alpha}) distribution from z = 0 to z = 2.2. We find that at all masses the characteristic EW(H{alpha}) is decreasing toward the present epoch, and that at each redshift the EW(H{alpha}) is lower for high-mass galaxies. We find EW(H{alpha}) {approx}(1 + z){sup 1.8} with little mass dependence. Qualitatively, this measurement is a model-independent confirmation of the evolution of star-forming galaxies with redshift. A quantitative conversion of EW(H{alpha}) to specific star formation rate (sSFR) is model dependent because of differential reddening corrections between the continuum and the Balmer lines. The observed EW(H{alpha}) can be reproduced with the characteristic evolutionary history for galaxies, whose star formation rises with cosmic time to z {approx} 2.5 and then decreases to z = 0. This implies that EW(H{alpha}) rises to 400 A at z = 8. The sSFR evolves faster than EW(H{alpha}), as the mass-to-light ratio also evolves with redshift. We find that the sSFR evolves as (1 + z){sup 3.2}, nearly independent of mass, consistent with previous reddening insensitive estimates. We confirm previous results that the observed slope of the sSFR-z relation is steeper than the one predicted by models, but models and observations agree in finding little mass dependence.

  2. H I Lyman-alpha Equivalent Widths of Stellar Populations

    Peña-Guerrero, María A.; Leitherer, Claus


    We have compiled a library of stellar Lyman-alpha (Lyα) equivalent widths in O and B stars using the model atmosphere codes CMFGEN and TLUSTY, respectively. The equivalent widths range from about 0 to 30 Å in absorption for early-O to mid-B stars. The purpose of this library is for the prediction of the underlying stellar Lyα absorption in stellar populations of star-forming galaxies with nebular Lyα emission. We implemented the grid of individual equivalent widths into the Starburst99 population synthesis code to generate synthetic Lyα equivalent widths for representative star formation histories. A starburst observed after 10 Myr will produce a stellar Lyα line with an equivalent width of ~ - 10 ± 4 Å in absorption for a Salpeter initial mass function. The lower value (deeper absorption) results from an instantaneous burst, and the higher value (shallower line) from continuous star formation. Depending on the escape fraction of nebular Lyα photons, the effect of stellar Lyα on the total profile ranges from negligible to dominant. If the nebular escape fraction is 10%, the stellar absorption and nebular emission equivalent widths become comparable for continuous star formation at ages of 10-20 Myr.

  3. HI Lyman-alpha equivalent widths of stellar populations

    Pena-Guerrero, Maria A


    We have compiled a library of stellar Lyman-alpha equivalent widths in O and B stars using the model atmosphere codes CMFGEN and TLUSTY, respectively. The equivalent widths range from about 0 to 30 \\AA in absorption for early-O to mid-B stars. The purpose of this library is the prediction of the underlying stellar Lyman-alpha absorption in stellar populations of star-forming galaxies with nebular Lyman-alpha emission. We implemented the grid of individual equivalent widths into the Starburst99 population synthesis code to generate synthetic Lyman-alpha equivalent widths for representative star-formation histories. A starburst observed after 10 Myr will produce a stellar Lyman-alpha line with an equivalent width of $\\sim$ -10$\\pm$4 \\AA in absorption for a Salpeter initial mass function. The lower value (deeper absorption) results for an instantaneous burst, and the higher value (shallower line) for continuous star formation. Depending on the escape fraction of nebular Lyman-alpha photons, the effect of stellar...

  4. The distribution of equivalent widths in long GRB afterglow spectra

    Postigo, A de Ugarte; Thoene, C C; Christensen, L; Gorosabel, J; Milvang-Jensen, B; Schulze, S; Jakobsson, P; Wiersema, K; Sanchez-Ramirez, R; Leloudas, G; Zafar, T; Malesani, D; Hjorth, J


    The extreme brightness of gamma-ray burst (GRB) afterglows and their simple spectral shape make them ideal beacons to study the interstellar medium of their host galaxies through absorption line spectroscopy. Using 69 low-resolution GRB afterglow spectra, we conduct a study of the rest-frame equivalent width (EW) distribution of features with an average rest-frame EW larger than 0.5 A. To compare an individual GRB with the sample, we develop EW diagrams as a graphical tool, and we give a catalogue with diagrams for the 69 spectra. We introduce a line strength parameter (LSP) that allows us to quantify the strength of the absorption features as compared to the sample by a single number. Using the distributions of EWs of single-species features, we derive the distribution of column densities by a curve of growth (CoG) fit. We find correlations between the LSP and the extinction of the GRB, the UV brightness of the host galaxies and the neutral hydrogen column density. However, we see no significant evolution of...

  5. The distribution of equivalent widths in long GRB afterglow spectra

    de Ugarte Postigo, A.; Fynbo, J. P. U.; Thöne, C. C.; Christensen, L.; Gorosabel, J.; Milvang-Jensen, B.; Schulze, S.; Jakobsson, P.; Wiersema, K.; Sánchez-Ramírez, R.; Leloudas, G.; Zafar, T.; Malesani, D.; Hjorth, J.


    Context. The extreme brightness of gamma-ray burst (GRB) afterglows and their simple spectral shape make them ideal beacons to study the interstellar medium of their host galaxies through absorption line spectroscopy at almost any redshift. Aims: We describe the distribution of rest-frame equivalent widths (EWs) of the most prominent absorption features in GRB afterglow spectra, providing the means to compare individual spectra to the sample and identify its peculiarities. Methods: Using 69 low-resolution GRB afterglow spectra, we conduct a study of the rest-frame EWs distribution of features with an average rest-frame EW larger than 0.5 Å. To compare an individual GRB with the sample, we develop EW diagrams as a graphical tool, and we give a catalogue with diagrams for the 69 spectra. We introduce a line strength parameter (LSP) that allows us to quantify the strength of the absorption features in a GRB spectrum as compared to the sample by a single number. Using the distributions of EWs of single-species features, we derive the distribution of their column densities by a curve of growth (CoG) fit. Results: We find correlations between the LSP and the extinction of the GRB, the UV brightness of the host galaxies and the neutral hydrogen column density. However, we see no significant evolution of the LSP with the redshift. There is a weak correlation between the ionisation of the absorbers and the energy of the GRB, indicating that, either the GRB event is responsible for part of the ionisation, or that galaxies with high-ionisation media produce more energetic GRBs. Spectral features in GRB spectra are, on average, 2.5 times stronger than those seen in QSO intervening damped Lyman-α (DLA) systems and slightly more ionised. In particular we find a larger excess in the EW of C ivλλ1549 relative to QSO DLAs, which could be related to an excess of Wolf-Rayet stars in the environments of GRBs. From the CoG fitting we obtain an average number of components in the

  6. Predicting dust extinction properties of star-forming galaxies from H-alpha/UV ratio

    Koyama, Yusei; Hayashi, Masao; Shimakawa, Rhythm; Yamamura, Issei; Egusa, Fumi; Oi, Nagisa; Tanaka, Ichi; Tadaki, Ken-ichi; Takita, Satoshi; Makiuti, Sin'itirou


    Using star-forming galaxies sample in the nearby Universe (0.02H-alpha-to-FUV flux ratio. We find that the H-alpha dust extinction (A(Ha)) derived with H-alpha/H-beta ratio (Balmer decrement) increases with increasing H-alpha/UV ratio as expected, but there remains a considerable scatter around the relation, which is largely dependent on stellar mass and/or H-alpha equivalent width (EW(Ha)). At fixed H-alpha/UV ratio, galaxies with higher stellar mass (or galaxies with lower EW(Ha)) tend to be more highly obscured by dust. We quantify this trend and establish an empirical calibration for predicting A(Ha) with a combination of H-alpha/UV ratio, stellar mass and EW(Ha), with which we can successfully reduce the systematic uncertainties accompanying the simple H-alpha/UV approach by ~15-30%. The new recipes proposed in this study will provide a conveni...

  7. Comparison of the equivalent width, the autocorrelation width, and the variance as figures of merit for XPS narrow scans

    Highlights: • We apply the equivalent and autocorrelation widths and variance to XPS narrow scans. • This approach is complementary to traditional peak fitting methods. • It is bias free and responsive to subtle chemical changes in spectra. • It has the potential for machine interpretation of spectra and quality control. • It has the potential for analysis of complex spectra and tracking charging/artifacts. - Abstract: X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) is widely used in surface and materials laboratories around the world. It is a near surface technique, providing detailed chemical information about samples in the form of survey and narrow scans. To extract the maximum amount of information about materials it is often necessary to peak fit XPS narrow scans. And while indispensable to XPS data analysis, even experienced practitioners can struggle with their peak fitting. In our previous publication, we introduced the equivalent width (EWXPS) as both a possible machine automated method, one that requires less expert judgment for characterizing XPS narrow scans, and as an approach that may be well suited for the analysis of complex spectra. The EWXPS figure of merit was applied to four different data sets. However, as previously noted, other width functions are also regularly employed for analyzing functions. Here we evaluate two other width functions for XPS narrow scan analysis: the autocorrelation width (AWXPS) and the variance (σXPS2). These widths were applied to the same four sets of spectra studied before: (a) four C 1s narrow scans of ozone-treated carbon nanotubes (CNTs) (EWXPS: ∼2.11–2.16 eV, AWXPS: ∼3.9–4.1 eV, σXPS2: ∼5.0–5.2 eV, and a modified form of σXPS2, denoted σXPS2*: ∼6.3–6.8 eV), (b) silicon wafers with different oxide thicknesses (EWXPS: ∼1.5–2.9 eV, AWXPS: ∼2.28–4.9, and σXPS2: ∼0.7–4.9 eV), (iii) hydrogen-terminated silicon surfaces, before and after modification with pentyl groups, and after

  8. On the H$\\alpha$ Behaviour of Blue Supergiants: Rise and Fall over the Bi-stability Jump

    Petrov, Blagovest; Gräfener, Götz


    The evolutionary state of blue supergiants is still unknown. Stellar wind mass loss is one of the dominant processes determining the evolution of massive stars, and it may provide clues on the evolutionary properties of blue supergiants. As the H$\\alpha$ line is the most oft-used mass-loss tracer in the OB-star regime, we provide a detailed analysis of the H$\\alpha$ line for OB supergiant models over an $T_{\\rm eff}$ range between 30000 and 12500K. We find a maximum in the H$\\alpha$ equivalent width at 22500 K - at the location of the bi-stability jump. The H$\\alpha$ line-profile behaviour is characterised by two branches of $T_{\\rm eff}$: (i) a "hot" branch between 30000 and 22500 K, where H$\\alpha$ emission becomes stronger with decreasing $T_{\\rm eff}$, and (ii) a "cool" branch between 22500 and 12500 K, where the line becomes weaker. Our models show that this non-monotonic H$\\alpha$ behaviour is related to the optical depth of Ly$\\alpha$, finding that at the "cool" branch the population of the 2nd level o...

  9. H$\\alpha$ and EUV observations of a partial CME

    Christian, Damian J; Antolin, Patrick; Mathioudakis, Mihalis


    We have obtained H$\\alpha$ high spatial and time resolution observations of the upper solar chromosphere and supplemented these with multi-wavelength observations from the Solar Dynamic Observatory (SDO) and the {\\it Hinode} ExtremeUltraviolet Imaging Spectrometer (EIS). The H$\\alpha$ observations were conducted on 11 February 2012 with the Hydrogen-Alpha Rapid Dynamics Camera (HARDcam) instrument at the National Solar Observatory's Dunn Solar Telescope. Our H$\\alpha$ observations found large downflows of chromospheric material returning from coronal heights following a failed prominence eruption. We have detected several large condensations ("blobs") returning to the solar surface at velocities of $\\approx$200 km s$^{-1}$ in both H$\\alpha$ and several SDO AIA band passes. The average derived size of these "blobs" in H$\\alpha$ is 500 by 3000 km$^2$ in the directions perpendicular and parallel to the direction of travel, respectively. A comparison of our "blob" widths to those found from coronal rain, indicate...


    We have investigated the ensemble regularities of the equivalent widths (EWs) of Mg II λ2800 emission line of active galactic nuclei (AGNs), using a uniformly selected sample of 2092 Seyfert 1 galaxies and quasars at 0.45 ≤ z ≤ 0.8 in the spectroscopic data set of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Fourth Data Release. We find a strong correlation between the EW of Mg II and the AGN Eddington ratio (L/LEdd): EW(Mg II) ∝ (L/L Edd)-0.4. Furthermore, for AGNs with the same L/LEdd, their EWs of Mg II show no correlation with luminosity, black hole mass, or line width, and the Mg II line luminosity is proportional to continuum luminosity, as expected by photoionization theory. Our result shows that Mg II EW is not dependent on luminosity, but is solely governed by L/LEdd.

  11. Bayesian Redshift Classification of Emission-line Galaxies with Photometric Equivalent Widths

    Leung, Andrew S; Gawiser, Eric; Ciardullo, Robin; Komatsu, Eiichiro; Zeimann, Gregory R; Bridge, Joanna S; Feldmeier, John J; Finkelstein, Steven L; Gebhardt, Karl; Gronwall, Caryl; Hagen, Alex; Hill, Gary J; Schneider, Donald P


    We present a Bayesian approach to the redshift classification of emission-line galaxies when only a single emission line is detected spectroscopically. We consider the case of surveys for high-redshift ${\\rm Ly{\\alpha}}$-emitting galaxies (LAEs), which have traditionally been classified via an inferred rest-frame equivalent width $(W_{\\rm Ly\\alpha})$ greater than $20 {\\rm \\,\\AA}$. Our Bayesian method relies on known prior probabilities in measured emission-line luminosity functions and equivalent width distributions for the galaxy populations in question, and it returns the probability that an object is an LAE given the characteristics observed. This approach will be directly relevant for the Hobby-Eberly Telescope Dark Energy Experiment (HETDEX), which seeks to classify $\\sim$$10^6$ emission-line galaxies into LAEs and low-redshift [O II] emitters. For a simulated HETDEX catalog with realistic measurement noise, our Bayesian method recovers $86\\%$ of LAEs missed by the traditional $W_{\\rm Ly\\alpha} > 20 {\\rm...

  12. H-alpha as a Luminosity Class Diagnostic for K- and M-type Stars

    Jennings, Jeff


    We have identified the H-alpha absorption feature as a new spectroscopic diagnostic of luminosity class in K- and M-type stars. From high-resolution spectra of 19 stars with well-determined physical properties (including effective temperatures and stellar radii), we measured equivalent widths for H-alpha and the Ca II triplet and examined their dependence on both luminosity class and stellar radius. H-alpha shows a strong relation with both luminosity class and radius that extends down to late M spectral types. This behavior in H-alpha has been predicted as a result of the density-dependent overpopulation of the metastable 2S level in hydrogen, an effect that should become dominant for Balmer line formation in non-LTE conditions. We conclude that this new metallicity-insensitive diagnostic of luminosity class in cool stars could serve as an effective means of discerning between populations such as Milky Way giants and supergiant members of background galaxies.

  13. Calculations of periodicity from H{\\alpha} profiles of Proxima Centauri

    Collins, John M; Barnes, John R


    We investigate retrieval of the stellar rotation signal for Proxima Centauri. We make use of high-resolution spectra taken with uves and harps of Proxima Centauri over a 13-year period as well as photometric observations of Proxima Centauri from asas and hst. We measure the H{\\alpha} equivalent width and H{\\alpha} index, skewness and kurtosis and introduce a method that investigates the symmetry of the line, the Peak Ratio, which appears to return better results than the other measurements. Our investigations return a most significant period of 82.6 $\\pm$ 0.1 days, confirming earlier photometric results and ruling out a more recent result of 116.6 days which we conclude to be an alias induced by the specific harps observation times. We conclude that whilst spectroscopic H{\\alpha} measurements can be used for period recovery, in the case of Proxima Centauri the available photometric measurements are more reliable. We make 2D models of Proxima Centauri to generate simulated H{\\alpha}, finding that reasonable di...

  14. Joint H-alpha and X-Ray Observations of Massive X-Ray Binaries. II. The Be X-ray Binary and Microquasar LS I +61 303

    Grundstrom, E. D.; Caballero-Nieves, S. M.; Gies, D. R.; Huang, W.; McSwain, M. V.; Rafter, S. E.; Riddle, R. L.; Williams, S. J.; Wingert, D. W.


    We present the results of an H-alpha monitoring campaign on the BeXRB and microquasar system LS I +61 303. We use radial velocity measurements of HeI lines in our spectra to re-evaluate the orbital elements and to better establish the time of periastron. We list equivalent widths and other parameters for the H-alpha emission line and discuss the orbital phase related variations observed. We call attention to a dramatic episode of emission weakening that occurred in less than a day that probab...

  15. The H-alpha/H-beta ratio in solar flares

    Zirin, H.; Liggett, M.; Patterson, A.


    The present investigation involves the study of an extensive body of data accumulated of simultaneous H-alpha and H-beta cinematography of flares. The data were obtained with two telescopes simultaneously photographing flares in H-alpha and H-beta. The results of measurements in a number of flares are presented in a table. The flares were selected purely by optical quality of the data. That the measured ratios are not too different from those in stellar flares is suggested by the last two columns of the table. These columns show that a variety of possible line width ratios could give an integrated intensity ratio of less than unity.

  16. From HI to Stars: HI Depletion in Starbursts and Star-Forming Galaxies in the ALFALFA H-alpha Survey

    Jaskot, A E; Salzer, J J; Van Sistine, A; Bell, E F; Haynes, M P


    HI in galaxies traces the fuel for future star formation and reveals the effects of feedback on neutral gas. Using a statistically uniform, HI-selected sample of 565 galaxies from the ALFALFA H-alpha survey, we explore HI properties as a function of star formation activity. ALFALFA H-alpha provides R-band and H-alpha imaging for a volume-limited subset of the 21-cm ALFALFA survey. We identify eight starbursts based on H-alpha equivalent width and six with enhanced star formation relative to the main sequence. Both starbursts and non-starbursts have similar HI to stellar mass ratios (MHI/M*), which suggests that feedback is not depleting the starbursts' HI. Consequently, the starbursts do have shorter HI depletion times (t_dep), implying more efficient HI-to-H2 conversion. While major mergers likely drive this enhanced efficiency in some starbursts, the lowest mass starbursts may experience periodic bursts, consistent with enhanced scatter in t_dep at low M*. Two starbursts appear to be pre-coalescence mergers...

  17. Voigt equivalent widths and spectral-bin single-line transmittances: Exact expansions and the MODTRAN®5 implementation

    Berk, Alexander


    Exact expansions for Voigt line-shape total, line-tail and spectral bin equivalent widths and for Voigt finite spectral bin single-line transmittances have been derived in terms of optical depth dependent exponentially-scaled modified Bessel functions of integer order and optical depth independent Fourier integral coefficients. The series are convergent for the full range of Voigt line-shapes, from pure Doppler to pure Lorentzian. In the Lorentz limit, the expansion reduces to the Ladenburg and Reiche function for the total equivalent width. Analytic expressions are derived for the first 8 Fourier coefficients for pure Lorentzian lines, for pure Doppler lines and for Voigt lines with at most moderate Doppler dependence. A strong-line limit sum rule on the Fourier coefficients is enforced to define an additional Fourier coefficient and to optimize convergence of the truncated expansion. The moderate Doppler dependence scenario is applicable to and has been implemented in the MODTRAN5 atmospheric band model radiative transfer software. Finite-bin transmittances computed with the truncated expansions reduce transmittance residuals compared to the former Rodgers-Williams equivalent width based approach by ∼2 orders of magnitude.

  18. Equivalent width of copper and potassium resonance lines at 3247.54, 7665 Angst for Voigt profile by atomic absorption measurements

    Habib, A.A.M. E-mail:


    A simple reliable theoretical approach is developed to calculate the equivalent width of copper and potassium resonance lines at 3247.54 and 7665 Angst using atomic absorption techniques. The calculations have been carried out for the two limiting cases of a pure Doppler (Gaussian) and Lorentzian (dispersion) line profiles. The more general case of a Voigt line profile leads to an efficient analytical formula permits a rapid estimate of the equivalent width with sufficient precision. The reliability of the approach has been verified by providing the curves of growth for the given spectral lines to describe the behavior of the equivalent width as the number of absorbing atoms in the ground state is increased. Allowance is made in the analysis for the dependence of the equivalent width for Voigt profile on the damping constant {alpha}, which is a measure of the half width of Lorentz profile relative to the Doppler profile.

  19. Discovery of Massive, Mostly Star-formation Quenched Galaxies with Extremely Large Lyman-alpha Equivalent Widths at z ~ 3

    Taniguchi, Yoshiaki; Kobayashi, Masakazu A R; Nagao, Tohru; Shioya, Yasuhiro; Scoville, Nick Z; Sanders, David B; Capak, Peter L; Koekemoer, Anton M; Toft, Sune; McCracken, Henry J; Fevre, Olivier Le; Tasca, Lidia; Sheth, Kartik; Renzini, Alvio; Lilly, Simon; Carollo, Marcella; Kovac, Katarina; Ilbert, Olivier; Schinnerer, Eva; Fu, Hai; Tresse, Laurence; Griffiths, Richard E; Civano, Francesca


    We report a discovery of 6 massive galaxies with both extremely large Lya equivalent width and evolved stellar population at z ~ 3. These MAssive Extremely STrong Lya emitting Objects (MAESTLOs) have been discovered in our large-volume systematic survey for strong Lya emitters (LAEs) with twelve optical intermediate-band data taken with Subaru/Suprime-Cam in the COSMOS field. Based on the SED fitting analysis for these LAEs, it is found that these MAESTLOs have (1) large rest-frame equivalent width of EW_0(Lya) ~ 100--300 A, (2) M_star ~ 10^10.5--10^11.1 M_sun, and (3) relatively low specific star formation rates of SFR/M_star ~ 0.03--1 Gyr^-1. Three of the 6 MAESTLOs have extended Ly$\\alpha$ emission with a radius of several kpc although they show very compact morphology in the HST/ACS images, which correspond to the rest-frame UV continuum. Since the MAESTLOs do not show any evidence for AGNs, the observed extended Lya emission is likely to be caused by star formation process including the superwind activit...

  20. Grid of theoretical NLTE equivalent widths of four Ba II lines and barium abundance in cool stars

    Korotin, S A; Hansen, C J; Caffau, E; Bonifacio, P; Spite, M; Spite, F; Francois, P


    We present a grid of computed non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (NLTE) equivalent widths (EW) and NLTE abundance corrections for four Ba II lines: 4554, 5853, 6141, and 6496 A. The grid can be useful in deriving the NLTE barium abundance in stars having parameters in the following ranges: effective temperature from 4000 K to 6500 K, surface gravity log g from 0 to 5, microturbulent velocity 0 km s^-1 to 3 km s^-1, metallicity [Fe/H] from -2 to +0.5, and [Ba/Fe] from -0.4 to +0.6. The NLTE abundance can be either derived by EW interpolation (using the observed Ba II line EW) or by using the NLTE correction applied to a previously determined LTE abundance. Ba II line equivalent widths and the NLTE corrections were calculated using the updated MULTI code and the Ba II atomic model that was previously applied to determine the NLTE barium abundance in different types of stars. The grid is available on-line through the web, and we find that the grid Ba NLTE corrections are almost as accurate as direct NLTE profil...

  1. Solar Imagery - Chromosphere - H-Alpha

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Collection includes a variety of H-alpha photographic datasets contributed by a number of national and private solar observatories located worldwide. Solar...

  2. Photometric and H-alpha studies of two extreme mass-ratio short period contact binaries in the direction of open cluster Praesepe

    Rukmini, J


    We present the high precession photometric studies in V band and spectroscopic studies centered around H-alpha line for two extreme mass-ratio short period contact binaries ASAS J082243+1927.0 (V1) and ASAS J085710+1856.8 (V2). The variables in study are in the direction of open cluster Praesepe. From the light curve analysis V1 was found to be a low mass-ratio over-contact binary of A-type, with a mass ratio q 0.121 and fill-out factor f 72%, and V2 was found to be a low mass contact binary of W-type, with a mass-ratio q 1.29 and fill-out factor f 11% (marginal contact). The study of H-alpha absorption line profile of both the variables shows variation in equivalent widths (EWs) with orbital phases. The mean EWs of the H-alpha line were obtained as 1.6+or-0.13 A and 1.18+or-0.12 A for V1 and V2 respectively. The variation of H-alpha absorption with respect to phase is explained to be due to chromospheric activity in V1, as evident from the O Connell effect and that due to chromospheric flares, winds or photo...

  3. Emission-line stars discovered in the UKST H-alpha survey of the Large Magellanic Cloud; Part 1: Hot stars

    Reid, Warren A


    We present new, accurate positions, spectral classifications, radial and rotational velocities, H-alpha fluxes, equivalent widths and B,V,I,R magnitudes for 579 hot emission-line stars (classes B0 - F9) in the Large Magellanic Cloud which include 469 new discoveries. Candidate emission line stars were discovered using a deep, high resolution H-alpha map of the central 25 deg2 of the LMC obtained by median stacking a dozen 2 hour H-alpha exposures taken with the UK Schmidt Telescope. Spectroscopic follow-up observations on the AAT, UKST, VLT, the SAAO 1.9m and the MSSSO 2.3m telescope have established the identity of these faint sources down to magnitude R~23 for H-alpha (4.5 x 10^-17 ergs cm^2 s^-1 Ang). Confirmed emission-line stars have been assigned an underlying spectral classification through cross-correlation against 131 absorption line template spectra covering the range O1 to F8. We confirm 111 previously identified emission line stars and 64 previously known variable stars with spectral types hotter ...

  4. Statistics of equivalent width data and new oscillator strengths for Si II, Fe II, and Mn II. [in interstellar medium

    Van Buren, Dave


    Equivalent width data from Copernicus and IUE appear to have an exponential, rather than a Gaussian distribution of errors. This is probably because there is one dominant source of error: the assignment of the background continuum shape. The maximum likelihood method of parameter estimation is presented for the case of exponential statistics, in enough generality for application to many problems. The method is applied to global fitting of Si II, Fe II, and Mn II oscillator strengths and interstellar gas parameters along many lines of sight. The new values agree in general with previous determinations but are usually much more tightly constrained. Finally, it is shown that care must be taken in deriving acceptable regions of parameter space because the probability contours are not generally ellipses whose axes are parallel to the coordinate axes.

  5. High-Resolution Near-Infrared Spectroscopy of an Equivalent Width-Selected Sample of Starbursting Dwarf Galaxies

    Maseda, Michael V.; VanDerWeL, Arjen; DaChuna, Elisabete; Rix, Hans-Walter; Pacafichi, Camilla; Momcheva, Ivelina; Brammer, Gabriel B.; Franx, Marijn; VanDokkum, Pieter; Bell, Eric F.; Ferguson, Harry C.; Fumagalli, Mattia; Grogin, Norman A.; Kocevski, Dale D.; Koekemoer, Anton M.; Lundgren, Britt F.; Marchesini, Danilo; Nelson, Erica J.; Patel, Shannon; Skelton, Rosalind E.; Straughn, Amber N.; Trump, Jonathan R.; Weiner, Benjamin J.; Whitaker, Katherine E.; Wuyts, Stijn


    Spectroscopic observations from the Large Binocular Telescope and the Very Large Telescope reveal kinematically narrow lines (approx. 50 km/s) for a sample of 14 Extreme Emission Line Galaxies (EELGs) at redshifts 1.4 < zeta < 2.3. These measurements imply that the total dynamical masses of these systems are low ( 3 × 10(exp 9) M). Their large [O III]5007 equivalent widths (500 - 1100 A) and faint blue continuum emission imply young ages of 10-100 Myr and stellar masses of 10(exp 8)-10(exp 9) M, confirming the presence of a violent starburst. The stellar mass formed in this vigorous starburst phase thus represents a large fraction of the total (dynamical) mass, without a significantly massive underlying population of older stars. The occurrence of such intense events in shallow potentials strongly suggests that supernova-driven winds must be of critical importance in the subsequent evolution of these systems.

  6. DEFPOS H${\\alpha}$ Observations of W80 Complex

    Aksaker, Naz\\im


    We present H${\\alpha}$ emission line measurements of the W80 nebular complex. A total of 26 regions have been observed inside the nebula with the Dual Etalon Fabry-Perot Optical Spectrometer (DEFPOS) system at the f/48 Coude focus of 150 cm RTT150 telescope located at TUBITAK National Observatory (TUG) in Antalya/Turkey. The intensities, the local standard of rest (LSR) velocities ($V_{LSR}$), heliocentric radial velocities ($V_{HEL}$) and the linewidths at Full Width at Half Maximum (FWHM) of the H${\\alpha}$ emission lines have been determined from these observations. They lie in the range of 259 to 1159 Rayleigh {1R = 10$^{6}/4\\pi$ photons cm$^{-2}$ sr$^{-1}$ s$^{-1}$ = 2.4110$^{-7}$ erg cm$^{-2}$ sr$^{-1}$ s$^{-1}$ at H${\\alpha}$.} (R), 4 to 12 km s$^{-1}$ and 44 to 55 km s$^{-1}$, respectively. The radial velocity measurements show that there are several maxima and minima inside the W80. The new results confirm the literature that complex seems to be rather a uniform in radial velocity and no seen turbule...

  7. Temporal evolution of mottles observed in H_alpha

    Bostanci, Z F; Erdogan, Nurol Al


    In April 2002, H_alpha observations of the solar chromosphere with high spatial and spectral resolution were obtained with the Gottingen Fabry-Perot Spectrometer mounted in the Vacuum Tower Telescope (VTT) at the Observatorio del Teide/Tenerife. In this work, we analyze a short time sequence of a quiet region with chains of mottles. Some physical parameters of dark mottles are determined by using Beckers' cloud model which takes the source function, the Doppler width, and the velocity to be constant within the cloud along the line of sight. Here, we present the results of our study.

  8. H-alpha Observations of MKW10

    Johnson, Harold; Coble, Kimberly A.; Koopmann, Rebecca A.; Durbala, Adriana; Undergraduate ALFALFA Team


    As part of the Undergraduate ALFALFA Team project looking at clusters and groups of galaxies to investigate the effects of environment on star formation, we analyzed H-alpha and R-band observations of the group MKW10 from the WIYN 0.9-m telescope with MOSAIC camera at Kitt Peak. We continuum-subtract the H-alpha images by scaling and subtracting the broadband R images. This process includes: determining the seeing of each image by calculating the FWHM values of several stars in the image; convolving all images to the worst seeing; stacking images for each filter; subtracting sky background; scaling the R image to H-alpha; and subtracting the scaled R from H-alpha. We then use the H-alpha-continuum-subtracted image to perform surface photometry of individual galaxies in MKW10. The data will be used to determine star formation rates and distributions of galaxies in this group environment and will be compared to results for galaxies in other UAT group and cluster environments. Analysis is ongoing.This work has been supported by NSF grant AST-1211005 and the Illinois Space Grant Consortium.

  9. Scale heights and equivalent widths of the iron K-shell lines in the Galactic diffuse X-ray emission

    Yamauchi, Shigeo; Nobukawa, Masayoshi; Uchiyama, Hideki; Koyama, Katsuji


    This paper reports the analysis of the X-ray spectra of the Galactic diffuse X-ray emission (GDXE) in the Suzaku archive. The fluxes of the Fe I K alpha (6.4 keV), Fe XXV,He alpha (6.7 keV) and Fe XXVI Ly alpha (6.97 keV) lines are separately determined. From the latitude distributions, we confirm that the GDXE is decomposed into the Galactic center (GCXE), the Galactic bulge (GBXE) and the Galactic ridge (GRXE) X-ray emissions. The scale heights (SHs) of the Fe XXV He alpha line of the GCXE, GBXE and GRXE are determined to be ~40, ~310 and ~140 pc, while those of the Fe I K alpha line are ~30, ~160 and ~70 pc, respectively. The mean equivalent widths (EWs) of the sum of the Fe XXV He alpha and Fe XXVI Ly alpha lines are ~750 eV, ~600 eV and ~550 eV, while those of the Fe I K alpha line are ~150~eV, ~60~eV and ~100~eV for the GCXE, GBXE and GRXE, respectively. The origin of the GBXE, GRXE and GCXE is separately discussed based on the new results of the SHs and EWs, in comparison with those of the Cataclysmic ...


    We investigate the evolution of the Hα equivalent width, EW(Hα), with redshift and its dependence on stellar mass, using the first data from the 3D-HST survey, a large spectroscopic Treasury program with the Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Camera 3. Combining our Hα measurements of 854 galaxies at 0.8 1.8 with little mass dependence. Qualitatively, this measurement is a model-independent confirmation of the evolution of star-forming galaxies with redshift. A quantitative conversion of EW(Hα) to specific star formation rate (sSFR) is model dependent because of differential reddening corrections between the continuum and the Balmer lines. The observed EW(Hα) can be reproduced with the characteristic evolutionary history for galaxies, whose star formation rises with cosmic time to z ∼ 2.5 and then decreases to z = 0. This implies that EW(Hα) rises to 400 Å at z = 8. The sSFR evolves faster than EW(Hα), as the mass-to-light ratio also evolves with redshift. We find that the sSFR evolves as (1 + z)3.2, nearly independent of mass, consistent with previous reddening insensitive estimates. We confirm previous results that the observed slope of the sSFR-z relation is steeper than the one predicted by models, but models and observations agree in finding little mass dependence.

  11. H$\\alpha$ kinematics of KPG 390

    Repetto, P; Fuentes-Carrera, R Gabbasov I


    In this work we present scanning Fabry-Perot H$\\alpha$ observations of the isolated interacting galaxy pair NGC 5278/79 obtained with the PUMA Fabry-Perot interferometer. We derived velocity fields, various kinematic parameters and rotation curves for both galaxies. Our kinematical results together with the fact that dust lanes have been detected in both galaxies, as well as the analysis of surface brightness profiles along the minor axis, allowed us to determine that both components of the interacting pair are trailing spirals.

  12. Discovery of a very cool object with extraordinarily strong H(alpha) emission

    Barrado y Navascués, D; Martín, E L; Béjar, V J S; Rebolo, R; Mundt, R; Navascues, David Barrado y; Osorio, Maria Rosa Zapatero; Martin, Eduardo L.; Bejar, Victor J.S.; Rebolo, Rafael; Mundt, Reinhard


    We report on the finding of the strongest H(alpha) emission -pseudoequivalent width of 705 Angstrom- known so far in a young, late type dwarf. This object, named as SOri71, is a substellar candidate member of the 1-8 Myr star cluster sigma Orionis. Due to its overluminous location in color-magnitude diagrams, SOri71 might be younger than other cluster members, or a binary of similar components. Its mass is in the range 0.021-0.012 M(sun), depending on evolutionary models and possible binarity. The broad H(alpha) line of SOri71 appears asymmetric, indicative of high velocity mass motions in the H(alpha) forming region. The origin of this emission is unclear at the present time. We discuss three possible scenarios: accretion from a disk, mass exchange between the components of a binary system, and emission from a chromosphere.

  13. The H-alpha Galaxy Survey II. Extinction and NII corrections to H-alpha fluxes

    James, P A; Knapen, J H; Etherton, J; Percival, S M


    We study the two main corrections generally applied to narrow-band H-alpha fluxes from galaxies in order to convert them to star formation rates, namely for NII contamination and for extinction internal to the galaxy. From an imaging study using narrow-band filters, we find the NII and H-alpha emission to be differently distributed. In most disk star formation regions the NII fraction is small, whereas some galaxies display a diffuse central component which can be dominated by NII emission. We consider explanations for variations in the NII/H-alpha ratio, including metallicity variations and different excitation mechanisms. We then estimate the extinction towards star formation regions in spiral galaxies, firstly using Br-gamma/H-alpha line ratios. We find that extinction values are larger in galaxy nuclei than in disks, and that there is no evidence for heavily dust-embedded regions emerging in the near-IR. We use optical emission line data from the literature to show only a moderate dependence of extinction...

  14. The Appearance of Spicules in High Resolution Observations of Ca II H and H-alpha

    Pereira, Tiago M D; Carlsson, Mats


    Solar spicules are chromospheric fibrils that appear everywhere on the Sun, yet their origin is not understood. Using high resolution observations of spicules obtained with the Swedish 1-m Solar Telescope we aim to understand how spicules appear in filtergrams and Dopplergrams, how they compare in Ca II H and H-alpha, and what can make them appear and disappear. We find spicules display a rich and detailed spatial structure, and show a distribution of transverse velocities that when aligned with the line of sight can make them appear at different H-alpha wing positions. They become more abundant at positions closer to the line core, reflecting a distribution of Doppler shifts and widths. In H-alpha width maps they stand out as bright features both on disk and off-limb, reflecting their large Doppler motions and possibly higher temperatures than in the typical H-alpha formation region. Spicule lifetimes measured from narrowband images at only a few positions will be an underestimate because Doppler shifts can ...

  15. A submillimeter protostar mear LkH-alpha 198

    Sandell, Goran; Weintraub, David A.


    We present submillimeter and millimeter line and continuum observations of the region around LkH-alpha 198 and V376 Cas. The continuum data reveal the presence of a very cool object, LkH-alpha 198 MM located approximately 19 sec northwest of LkH-alpha 198. LkH-alpha 198 MM is not visible in the near-IR. The CO maps suggest that the mm-source, rather than LkH-alpha 198 or its IR companion LkH-alpha 198B, may drive the large CO outflow seen in this cloud or that both drive outflows which are roughly aligned with each other. In addition V376 Cas appears to power a small bipolar CO outflow.

  16. Kelvin--Helmholtz instability in solar H-alpha surges

    Zhelyazkov, I; Chandra, R; Srivastava, A K; Mishonov, T


    We study the evolutionary conditions for Kelvin--Helmholtz (KH) instability in a H-alpha solar surge observed in NOAA AR 8227 on 1998 May 30. The jet with speeds in the range of 45--50 km/s, width of 7 Mm, and electron number density of 3.83 x 10^{10} cm^{-3} is assumed to be confined in a twisted magnetic flux tube embedded in a magnetic field of 7 G. The temperature of the plasma flow is of the order of 10^5 K while that of its environment is taken to be 2 x 10^6 K. The electron number density of surrounding magnetized plasma has a typical for the TR/lower corona region value of 2 x 10^{9} cm^{-3}. Under these conditions, the Alfven speed inside the jet is equal to 78.3 km/s. We model the surge as a moving magnetic flux tube for two magnetic field configurations: (i) a twisted tube surrounded by plasma with homogeneous background magnetic field, and (ii) a twisted tube which environment is plasma with also twisted magnetic field. The magnetic field twist in given region is characterized by the ratio of azim...

  17. Galactic Free-free and H-alpha Emission

    Smoot, George F.


    This document provides a brief summary estimate of Galactic free-free emission and H-alpha emission and their relationship. Particular emphasis is placed on estimating the potential free-free emission in the region of significant confusion for CMB anisotropy measurements. Existing x-ray, ultraviolet and H$\\alpha$ emission provide limits on the radio free-free emission and vice versa. These limits are generally somewhat smaller than the observed ``free-free'' (signal proportional to frequency^...

  18. H$\\alpha$ Imaging spectroscopy of Balmer-dominated shocks in Tycho's supernova remnant

    Knežević, Sladjana; van de Ven, Glenn; Font, Joan; Raymond, John C; Ghavamian, Parviz; Beckman, John


    We present Fabry-P\\'erot interferometric observations of the narrow H$\\alpha$ component in the shock front of the historical supernova remnant Tycho (SN 1572). Using GH$\\alpha$FaS (Galaxy H$\\alpha$ Fabry-P\\'erot Spectrometer) on the William Herschel Telescope, we observed a great portion of the shock front in the northeastern (NE) region of the remnant. The angular resolution of $\\sim$1$^{\\prime\\prime}$ and spectral resolving power of R$\\sim$21 000 together with the large field-of-view (3.4$^{\\prime}$ $\\times$ 3.4$^{\\prime}$) of the instrument allow us to measure the narrow H$\\alpha$-line width in 73 bins across individual parts of the shock simultaneously and thereby study the indicators of several shock precursors in a large variety of shock front conditions. Compared to previous studies, the detailed spatial resolution of the filament also allows us to mitigate possible artificial broadening of the line from unresolved differential motion and projection. Covering one quarter of the remnant's shell, we conf...

  19. The evolution of the equivalent width of the Hα emission line and specific star formation rate in star-forming galaxies at 1 < z < 5

    Mármol-Queraltó, E.; McLure, R. J.; Cullen, F.; Dunlop, J. S.; Fontana, A.; McLeod, D. J.


    We present the results of a study which uses spectral energy distribution (SED) fitting to investigate the evolution of the equivalent width (EW) of the Halpha emission line in star-forming galaxies over the redshift interval 1=1 in the CANDELS UDS and GOODS-S fields. Confining our analysis to a constant stellar mass range (9.5evolution of EW(Ha) and specific star-formation rate (sSFR). Our results indicate that over the redshift range 1evolution displayed by EW(Ha) and sSFR is consistent, and can be adequately parameterized as: propto (1+z)^(1.0+/-0.2). As a consequence, over this redshift range we find that the sSFR and rest-frame EW(Ha) of star-forming galaxies with stellar masses M~10^(10) Msun are related by: EW(Ha)/Ang=(63+/-7)sSFR/Gyr^(-1). Given the current uncertainties in measuring the SFRs of high-redshift galaxies, we conclude that EW(Ha) provides a useful independent tracer of sSFR for star-forming galaxies out to redshifts of z=5.

  20. The evolution of the equivalent width of the Ha emission line and specific star-formation rate in star-forming galaxies at 1

    Marmol-Queralto, E; Cullen, F; Dunlop, J S; Fontana, A; McLeod, D J


    We present the results of a study which uses spectral energy distribution (SED) fitting to investigate the evolution of the equivalent width (EW) of the Halpha emission line in star-forming galaxies over the redshift interval 1=1 in the CANDELS UDS and GOODS-S fields. Confining our analysis to a constant stellar mass range (9.5

  1. Flux calibration of the AAO/UKST SuperCOSMOS H-alpha Survey

    Frew, David J; Parker, Quentin A; Pierce, Mark J; Gunawardhana, M L P; Reid, W A


    The AAO/UKST SuperCOSMOS H-alpha Survey (SHS) of the southern Galactic plane was, when completed in 2003, a powerful new addition to wide-field surveys. It has a combination of areal coverage, spatial resolution and flux sensitivity in a narrow imaging band which still marks it out today as an excellent resource for the astronomical community. The 233 separate fields are available online in digital form, with each field covering 25 square degrees. The SHS has been the motivation for equivalent surveys in the north, and new digital H-alpha surveys now beginning in the south such as VPHAS+. The SHS has been the foundation of many important follow-up discovery projects in the southern sky with the Macquarie/AAO/Strasbourg H-alpha (MASH) planetary nebula project being a particularly successful example. However, the full astrophysical potential of the SHS has been hampered by lack of a clear route to acceptable flux calibration from the base photographic data. We have determined the calibration factors for 170 sep...

  2. Galactic Free-free and H$\\alpha$ Emission

    Smoot, G F


    This document provides a brief summary estimate of Galactic free-free emission and H-alpha emission and their relationship. Particular emphasis is placed on estimating the potential free-free emission in the region of significant confusion for CMB anisotropy measurements. Existing x-ray, ultraviolet and H$\\alpha$ emission provide limits on the radio free-free emission and vice versa. These limits are generally somewhat smaller than the observed ``free-free'' (signal proportional to frequency^{-2.15}) microwave signal. If this remains true, then some previously neglected source may be present. Physics argues that H-alpha emission is still the best tracer for Galactic free-free emission and thus a tool for diagnosing if there is previously neglected source.

  3. H-alpha features with hot onsets. I. Ellerman bombs

    Rutten, R J


    Ellerman bombs are transient brightenings of the wings of the Balmer lines that uniquely mark reconnection in the solar photosphere. They are also bright in strong Ca II and ultraviolet lines and in ultraviolet continua, but they are not visible in the optical continuum and the Na I D and Mg I b lines. These discordant visibilities invalidate all published Ellerman bomb modeling. I argue that the assumption of Saha-Boltzmann lower-level populations is informative to estimate bomb-onset opacities for these diverse diagnostics, even and especially for H-alpha, and employ such estimates to gauge the visibilities of Ellerman bomb onsets in all of them. They constrain Ellerman bomb formation to temperatures 10,000 - 20,000 K and hydrogen densities around 10^15 cm^-3. Similar arguments likely hold for H-alpha visibility in other transient phenomena with hot and dense onsets.

  4. Galactic Plane H$\\alpha$ Surveys: IPHAS & VPHAS+

    Wright, Nicholas J


    The optical Galactic Plane H$\\alpha$ surveys IPHAS and VPHAS+ are dramatically improving our understanding of Galactic stellar populations and stellar evolution by providing large samples of stars in short lived, but important, evolutionary phases, and high quality homogeneous photometry and images over the entire Galactic Plane. Here I summarise some of the contributions these surveys have already made to our understanding of a number of key areas of stellar and Galactic astronomy.

  5. A Survey for H$\\alpha$ Pulsar Bow Shocks

    Brownsberger, Sasha


    We report on a survey for H$\\alpha$ bow shock emission around nearby $\\gamma$-detected energetic pulsars. This survey adds three Balmer-dominated neutron star bow shocks to the six previously confirmed examples. In addition to the shock around {\\it Fermi} pulsar PSR J1741$-$2054, we now report H$\\alpha$ structures around two additional $\\gamma$-ray pulsars, PSR J2030+4415 and PSR J1509$-$5850. These are the first known examples of H$\\alpha$ nebulae with pre-ionization halos. With new measurements, we show that a simple analytic model can account for the angular size and flux of the bow shocks' apices. The latter, in particular, provides a new pulsar probe and indicates large moments of inertia and smaller distances than previously assumed, in several cases. In particular we show that the re-measured PSR J0437$-$4715 shock flux implies $I = (1.7\\pm 0.2) \\times 10^{45}/(f_{HI} {\\rm sin}i) {\\rm g\\,cm^2}$. We also derive a distance $d\\approx 0.72$kpc for the $\\gamma$-ray only pulsar PSR J2030+4415 and revised dis...

  6. H{\\alpha} Imaging of Nearby Seyfert Host Galaxies

    Theios, R L; Ross, N R


    We used narrowband interference filters with the CCD imaging camera on the Nickel 1.0 meter telescope at Lick Observatory to observe 31 nearby (z < 0.03) Seyfert galaxies in the 12 {\\mu}m Active Galaxy Sample. We obtained pure emission line images of each galaxy in order to separate H{\\alpha} emission from the nucleus from that of the host galaxy. The extended H{\\alpha} emission is expected to be powered by newly formed hot stars, and correlates well with other indicators of current star formation in these galaxies: 7.7 {\\mu}m PAH, far-infrared, and radio luminosity. Relative to what would be expected from recent star formation, there is a 0.8 dex excess of radio emission in our Seyfert galaxies. The nuclear H{\\alpha} luminosity is dominated by the AGN, and is correlated with the hard X-ray luminosity. There is an upward offset of 1 dex in this correlation for the Seyfert 1s due to a strong contribution from the Broad Line Region. We found a correlation between star formation rate and AGN luminosity. In sp...

  7. The H alpha Galaxy Survey. III. Constraints on supernova progenitors from spatial correlations with H alpha emission

    James, P A


    Aims: We attempt to constrain progenitors of the different types of supernovae from their spatial distributions relative to star formation regions in their host galaxies, as traced by H alpha + NII line emission. Methods: We analyse 63 supernovae which have occurred within galaxies from our H alpha survey of the local Universe. Three statistical tests are used, based on pixel statistics, H alpha radial growth curves, and total galaxy emission-line fluxes. Results: Many more type II supernovae come from regions of low or zero emission line flux than would be expected if the latter accurately traces high-mass star formation. We interpret this excess as a 40% `Runaway' fraction in the progenitor stars. Supernovae of types Ib and Ic do appear to trace star formation activity, with a much higher fraction coming from the centres of bright star formation regions than is the case for the type II supernovae. Type Ia supernovae overall show a weak correlation with locations of current star formation, but there is evide...

  8. Observations of H-alpha Polarization in Flares

    Mickey, D. L.; Metcalf, T. R.; Fletcher, L.


    Max Millennium Coordinated Observing Plan #006 has as its goal the measurement of H-alpha linear polarization, a possible signature of low-energy proton beams in solar flares. Such observations have been attempted in the past, but the results were inconclusive. A campaign involving Mees Solar Observatory and Big Bear Solar Observatory, together with Yohkoh, SOHO and TRACE spacecraft, was carried out during the latter half of March 2000. We present preliminary results from the observations with the Imaging Vector Magnetograph at Mees Solar Observatory. The IVM was operated in a standard mode, except that the spectral scan was limited to one point in the core of H-alpha and one in the blue wing. This limited spectral sampling, together with a recently upgraded data acquisition system, permitted a complete measurement of Stokes vectors every 3.5 seconds. The field of view was 280 arc sec square, with one arc sec pixels. A second camera, exposed simultaneously but with a broad-band filter, provides images which allow compensation for relative image motion and stretch between exposures. Approximately two dozen flares were observed by the IVM during the campaign, including one X-class and one M-class flare. We present samples of the observations, including relevant spacecraft observations, and discuss the sensitivity of the IVM to linear polarization under these conditions. This work was supported in part by the SXT project at LMSAL (contract NAS5-38099) and by NASA grant NAG5-4941.

  9. A Detection Of H-alpha In An Exoplanetary Exosphere

    Jensen, Adam G; Endl, Michael; Cochran, William D; Koesterke, Lars; Barman, Travis S


    We report on a search for H-alpha absorption in four exoplanets. Strong features at H-alpha are observed in the transmission spectra of both HD 189733b and HD 209458b. We attempt to characterize and remove the effects of stellar variability in HD 189733b, and along with an empirical Monte Carlo test the results imply a statistically significant transit-dependent feature of (-8.72+/-1.48)x10^-4 integrated over a 16 Angstrom band relative to the adjacent continuum. We interpret this as the first detection of this line in an exoplanetary atmosphere. A previous detection of Ly-alpha in HD 189733b's atmosphere allows us to calculate an excitation temperature for hydrogen, T_exc=2.6x10^4 K. This calculation depends significantly on certain simplifying assumptions. We explore these assumptions and argue that T_exc is very likely much greater than the radiative equilibrium temperature (the temperature the planet is assumed to be at based on stellar radiation and the planetary distance) of HD 189733b. A large T_exc im...

  10. Spectral Properties From Lyman-alpha to H-alpha For An Essentially Complete Sample of Quasars I: Data

    Shang, Z; Wills, D; Brotherton, M S; Shang, Zhaohui; Wills, Beverley J.; Brotherton, Michael S.


    We have obtained quasi-simultaneous ultraviolet-optical spectra for 22 out of 23 quasars in the complete PG-X-ray sample with redshift, z<0.4, and M_B<-23. The spectra cover rest-frame wavelengths from at least Lyman-alpha to H-alpha. Here we provide a detailed description of the data, including careful spectrophotometry and redshift determination. We also present direct measurements of the continua, strong emission lines and features, including Lyman-alpha, SiIV+OIV], CIV, CIII], SiIII], MgII, H-beta, [OIII], He5876+NaI5890,5896, H-alpha, and blended iron emission in the UV and optical. The widths, asymmetries and velocity shifts of profiles of strong emission lines show that CIV and Lyman-alpha are very different from H-beta and H-alpha. This suggests that the motion of the broad line region is related to the ionization structure, but the data appears not agree with the radially stratified ionization structure supported by reverberation mapping studies, and therefore suggest that outflows contribute a...

  11. The interacting galaxy pair KPG 390: H$\\alpha$ kinematics

    Repetto, P; Gabbasov, R; Fuentes-Carrera, I


    In this work we present scanning Fabry-Perot H$\\alpha$ observations of the isolated interacting galaxy pair NGC 5278/79 obtained with the PUMA Fabry-Perot interferometer. We derived velocity fields and rotation curves for both galaxies. For NGC 5278 we also obtained the residual velocity map to investigate the non-circular motions, and estimated its mass by fitting the rotation curve with a disk+halo components. We test three different types of halo (pseudo-isothermal, Hernquist and Navarro Frenk White) and obtain satisfactory fits to the rotation curve for all profiles. The amount of dark matter required by pseudo-isothermal profile is about ten times smaller than, that for the other two halo distributions. Finally, our kinematical results together with the analysis of dust lanes distribution and of surface brightness profiles along the minor axis allowed us to determine univocally that both components of the interacting pair are trailing spirals.

  12. High spatial resolution optical imaging of the multiple T Tauri system LkH{\\alpha} 262/LkH{\\alpha} 263

    Velasco, S; Oscoz, A; Mackay, C; Labadie, L; Garrido, A Pérez; Crass, J; Díaz-Sánchez, A; Femenía, B; González-Escalera, V; King, D L; López, R L; Puga, M; Rodríguez-Ramos, L F; Zuther, J


    We report high spatial resolution i' band imaging of the multiple T Tauri system LkH$\\alpha$ 262/LkH$\\alpha$ 263 obtained during the first commissioning period of the Adaptive Optics Lucky Imager (AOLI) at the 4.2 m William Herschel Telescope, using its Lucky Imaging mode. AOLI images have provided photometry for each of the two components LkH$\\alpha$ 263 A and B (0.41 arcsec separation) and marginal evidence for an unresolved binary or a disc in LkH$\\alpha$ 262. The AOLI data combined with previously available and newly obtained optical and infrared imaging show that the three components of LkH$\\alpha$ 263 are co-moving, that there is orbital motion in the AB pair, and, remarkably, that LkH$\\alpha$ 262-263 is a common proper motion system with less than 1 mas/yr relative motion. We argue that this is a likely five-component gravitationally bounded system. According to BT-settl models the mass of each of the five components is close to 0.4 M$_{\\odot}$ and the age is in the range 1-2 Myr. The presence of discs...

  13. The Wisconsin H-Alpha Mapper Sky Survey

    Haffner, L. Matthew; Reynolds, Ronald J.; Babler, Brian L.; Madsen, Gregory J.; Hill, Alex S.; Barger, Kathleen; Jaehnig, Kurt P.; Mierkiewicz, Edwin J.; Percival, Jeffrey W.; Chopra, Nitish; Pingel, Nickolas; Reese, Daniel T.; Gostisha, Martin; Wunderlin, Jennifer


    We present the first all-sky, kinematic survey of Hα from the Milky Way, combining survey observations taken with the Wisconsin H-Alpha Mapper (WHAM) from Kitt Peak (1997-2007) and Cerro Tololo (2009-present). The WHAM Sky Survey (WHAM-SS) reaches sensitivity levels of about 0.1 R (EM ~ 0.2 pc cm^-6) with emission detected toward every direction in the sky. Each pointing of the survey comprises a spatially integrated spectrum from a one-degree beam on the sky covering at least 200 km/s around the Local Standard of Rest with 12 km/s spectral resolution. WHAM was designed primarily to study the pervasive warm ionized medium (WIM) component of the interstellar medium (ISM) but also reveals many large-scale, locally-ionized regions throughout the Galaxy. The WIM is a diffuse but thick component of the ISM that extends several kiloparsecs into the Galactic halo with a kinematic signature that traces the gaseous spiral arms of the Galaxy. In addition to this fairly smooth global emission, the Hα sky contains many individual H II regions and supernova remnants, a few revealed in the WHAM-SS for the first time. Some locations are dominated by complex filamentary network of diffuse ionized gas where the ISM has been shaped by past winds and supernovae and is now powered by a new wave of star formation. At high latitudes, faint emission from intermediate-velocity clouds is also regularly present. The success of WHAM as a fully remote observing facility for nearly two decades is due in no small part to the excellent and responsive support staff at KPNO in Arizona and CTIO in Chile. WHAM has been designed, built, and operated primarily through support of the National Science Foundation. The current research presented here is funded by award AST-1108911.

  14. Properties of the H-alpha-emitting Circumstellar Regions of Be Stars

    Tycner, C; Hajian, A R; Armstrong, J T; Benson, J A; Gilbreath, G C; Hutter, D J; Pauls, T A; White, N M; Tycner, Christopher; Lester, John B.; Hajian, Arsen R.


    Long-baseline interferometric observations obtained with the Navy Prototype Optical Interferometer of the H-alpha-emitting envelopes of the Be stars eta Tauri and beta Canis Minoris are presented. For compatibility with the previously published interferometric results in the literature of other Be stars, circularly symmetric and elliptical Gaussian models were fitted to the calibrated H-alpha observations. The models are sufficient in characterizing the angular distribution of the H-alpha-emitting circumstellar material associated with these Be stars. To study the correlations between the various model parameters and the stellar properties, the model parameters for eta Tau and beta CMi were combined with data for other Be stars from the literature. After accounting for the different distances to the sources and stellar continuum flux levels, it was possible to study the relationship between the net H-alpha emission and the physical extent of the H-alpha-emitting circumstellar region. A clear dependence of the...

  15. Dust Attenuation and H(alpha) Star Formation Rates of Z Approx. 0.5 Galaxies

    Ly, Chun; Malkan, Matthew A.; Kashikawa, Nobunari; Ota, Kazuaki; Shimasaku, Kazuhiro; Iye, Masanori; Currie, Thayne


    Using deep narrow-band and broad-band imaging, we identify 401 z approximately 0.40 and 249 z approximately 0.49 H-alpha line-emitting galaxies in the Subaru Deep Field. Compared to other H-alpha surveys at similar redshifts, our samples are unique since they probe lower H-alpha luminosities, are augmented with multi-wavelength (rest-frame 1000AA--1.5 microns) coverage, and a large fraction (20%) of our samples has already been spectroscopically confirmed. Our spectra allow us to measure the Balmer decrement for nearly 60 galaxies with H-beta detected above 5-sigma. The Balmer decrements indicate an average extinction of A(H-alpha)=0.7(uparrow){+1.4}_{-0.7} mag. We find that the Balmer decrement systematically increases with higher H-alpha luminosities and with larger stellar masses, in agreement with previous studies with sparser samples. We find that the SFRs estimated from modeling the spectral energy distribution (SED) is reliable---we derived an "intrinsic" H-alpha luminosity which is then reddened assuming the color excess from SED modeling. The SED-predicted H-alpha luminosity agrees with H-alpha narrow-band measurements over 3 dex (rms of 0.25 dex). We then use the SED SFRs to test different statistically-based dust corrections for H-alpha and find that adopting one magnitude of extinction is inappropriate: galaxies with lower luminosities are less reddened. We find that the luminosity-dependent dust correction of Hopkins et al. yields consistent results over 3 dex (rms of 0.3 dex). Our comparisons are only possible by assuming that stellar reddening is roughly half of nebular reddening. The strong correspondence argue that with SED modeling, we can derive reliable intrinsic SFRs even in the absence of H-alpha measurements at z approximately 0.5.

  16. Chromospheric features of LQ Hydrae from H-alpha line profiles

    Frasca, A; Strassmeier, K G; Biazzo, K


    We analyze the H-alpha spectral variability of the rapidly-rotating K1-dwarf LQ Hya using high-resolution H-alpha spectra recorded during April-May 2000. Chromospheric parameters were computed from the H-alpha profile as a function of rotational phase. We find that all these parameters vary in phase, with a higher chromospheric electron density coinciding with the maximum H-alpha emission. We find a clear rotational modulation of the H-alpha emission that is better emphasized by subtracting a reference photospheric template built up with a spectrum of a non-active star of the same spectral type. A geometrical plage model applied to the H-alpha variation curve allows us to derive the location of the active regions that come out to be close in longitude to the most pronounced photospheric spots found with Doppler imaging applied to the photospheric lines in the same spectra. Our analysis suggests that the H-alpha features observed in LQ Hya in 2000 are a scaled-up version of the solar plages as regards dimensio...

  17. H-alpha features with hot onsets III. Fibrils in Lyman-alpha and with ALMA

    Rutten, Robert J


    In H-alpha most of the solar surface is covered by a dense canopy of long opaque fibrils, but predictions for quiet-Sun observations with ALMA have ignored this fact. Comparison with Ly-alpha suggests that the large opacity of H-alpha fibrils is caused by hot precursor events. Application of a recipe that assumes momentary Saha-Boltzmann extinction during their hot onset to millimeter wavelengths suggests that ALMA will observe the H-alpha fibril canopy, not acoustic shocks underneath, and will yield data more interesting than if this canopy were transparent.

  18. Extracting H$\\alpha$ flux from photometric data in the J-PLUS survey

    Vilella-Rojo, G; López-Sanjuan, C; Cenarro, A J; Varela, J; Díaz-García, L A; Cristóbal-Hornillos, D; Ederoclite, A; Marín-Franch, A; Moles, M


    We present the main steps that will be taken to extract H$\\alpha$ emission flux from Javalambre Photometric Local Universe Survey (J-PLUS) photometric data. For galaxies with $z\\lesssim0.015$, the H$\\alpha$+[NII] emission is covered by the J-PLUS narrow-band filter $F660$. We explore three different methods to extract the H$\\alpha$ + [NII] flux from J-PLUS photometric data: a combination of a broad-band and a narrow-band filter ($r'$ and $F660$), two broad-band and a narrow-band one ($r'$, $i'$ and $F660$), and a SED-fitting based method using 8 photometric points. To test these methodologies, we simulated J-PLUS data from a sample of 7511 SDSS spectra with measured H$\\alpha$ flux. Based on the same sample, we derive two empirical relations to correct the derived H$\\alpha$+[NII] flux from dust extinction and [NII] contamination. We find that the only unbiased method is the SED fitting based one. The combination of two filters underestimates the measurements of the H$\\alpha$ + [NII] flux by a 28%, while the th...

  19. A large narrow band H$\\alpha$ survey at $z\\sim0.2$: the bright end of the luminosity function, cosmic variance and clustering across cosmic time

    Stroe, Andra


    We carried out the largest ($>3.5\\times10^5$ Mpc$^3$, 26 deg$^2$) H$\\alpha$ narrow band survey to date at $z\\sim0.2$ in the SA22, W2 and XMMLSS extragalactic fields. Our survey covers a large enough volume to overcome cosmic variance and to sample bright and rare H$\\alpha$ emitters up to an observed luminosity of $\\sim10^{42.4}$ erg s$^{-1}$, equivalent to $\\sim11 M_\\odot$ yr$^{-1}$. Using our sample of $220$ sources brighter than $>10^{41.4}$ erg s$^{-1}$ ($>1 M_\\odot$ yr$^{-1}$), we derive H$\\alpha$ luminosity functions, which are well described by a Schechter function with $\\phi^* = 10^{-2.85\\pm0.03}$ Mpc$^{-3}$ and $L^*_{H\\alpha} = 10^{41.71\\pm0.02}$ erg s$^{-1}$ (with a fixed faint end slope $\\alpha=-1.35$). We find that surveys probing smaller volumes ($\\sim3\\times10^4$ Mpc$^3$) are heavily affected by cosmic variance, which can lead to errors of over $100$ per cent in the characteristic density and luminosity of the H$\\alpha$ luminosity function. We derive a star formation rate density of $\\rho_\\mathrm...

  20. Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA): Bivariate functions of H$\\alpha$ star forming galaxies

    Gunawardhana, M L P; Taylor, E N; Bland-Hawthorn, J; Norberg, P; Baldry, I K; Loveday, J; Owers, M S; Wilkins, S M; Colless, M; Brown, M J I; Driver, S P; Alpaslan, M; Brough, S; Cluver, M; Croom, S; Kelvin, L; Lara-López, M A; Liske, J; López-Sánchez, A R; Robotham, A S G


    We present bivariate luminosity and stellar mass functions of H$\\alpha$ star forming galaxies drawn from the Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA) survey. While optically deep spectroscopic observations of GAMA over a wide sky area enable the detection of a large number of $0.001<{SFR}_{H\\alpha}$ (M$_{\\odot}$ yr$^{-1}$)$<100$ galaxies, the requirement for an H$\\alpha$ detection in targets selected from an $r$-band magnitude limited survey leads to an incompleteness due to missing optically faint star forming galaxies. Using $z<0.1$ bivariate distributions as a reference we model the higher-$z$ distributions, thereby approximating a correction for the missing optically faint star forming galaxies to the local SFR and stellar mass densities. Furthermore, we obtain the $r$-band LFs and stellar mass functions of H$\\alpha$ star forming galaxies from the bivariate LFs. As our sample is selected on the basis of detected H$\\alpha$ emission, a direct tracer of on-going star formation, this sample represents a true ...

  1. A Deeper Look at Faint H$\\alpha$ Emission in Nearby Dwarf Galaxies

    Lee, Janice C; McDonald, Michael; Hilbert, Bryan


    We present deep H$\\alpha$ imaging of three nearby dwarf galaxies, carefully selected to optimize observations with the Maryland-Magellan Tunable Filter (MMTF) on the Magellan 6.5m telescope. An effective bandpass of $\\sim$13\\AA\\ is used, and the images reach 3$\\sigma$ flux limits of $\\sim$8$\\times10^{-18}$ ergs s$^{-1}$ cm$^{-2}$, which is about an order of magnitude lower than standard narrowband observations obtained by the most recent generation of local H$\\alpha$ galaxy surveys. The observations were originally motivated by the finding that the H$\\alpha$/FUV flux ratio of galaxies systematically declines as global galactic properties such as the star formation rate and stellar mass decrease. The three dwarf galaxies selected for study have star formation rates, that when calculated from their H$\\alpha$ luminosities using standard conversion recipes, are $\\sim$50\\% of those based on the FUV. Follow-up studies of many of the potential causes for the trends in the H$\\alpha$/FUV flux ratio have been performed...

  2. H-$\\alpha$ Imaging of Early-type(Sa-Sab) Spiral Galaxies, 1

    Hameed, S A; Hameed, Salman; Devereux, Nick


    H-alpha and continuum images are presented for 27 nearby early-type(Sa-Sab) spiral galaxies. Contrary to popular perception, the images reveal copious massive star formation in some of these galaxies. A determination of the H-alpha morphology and a measure of the H-alpha luminosity suggests that early-type spirals can be classified into two broad categories based on the luminosity of largest HII region in the disk. The first category includes galaxies for which the individual HII regions have L(H-alpha) 10^(39) erg/s. All category 2 galaxies show either prominent dust lanes or other morphological peculiarities such as tidal tails which suggests that the anomalously luminous HII regions in category 2 galaxies may have formed as a result of a recent interaction. The observations, which are part of an on-going H-alpha survey, reveal early-type spirals to be a heterogeneous class of galaxies that are evolving in the current epoch. We have also identified some systematic differences between the classifications of...

  3. Supernova-Driven Outflows in NGC 7552: A Comparison of H-alpha and UV Tracers

    Wood, Corey M; Calzetti, Daniela; Leitherer, Claus; Chisholm, John; Gallagher, John S


    We investigate the supernova-driven galactic wind of the barred spiral galaxy NGC 7552, using both ground-based optical nebular emission lines and far-ultraviolet absorption lines measured with the Hubble Space Telescope Cosmic Origins Spectrograph. We detect broad (~300 km/s) blueshifted (-40 km/s) optical emission lines associated with the galaxy's kpc-scale star-forming ring. The broad line kinematics and diagnostic line ratios suggest that the H-alpha emission comes from clouds of high density gas entrained in a turbulent outflow. We compare the H-alpha emission line profile to the UV absorption line profile measured along a coincident sight line and find significant differences. The maximum blueshift of the H-alpha-emitting gas is ~290 km/s, whereas the UV line profile extends to blueshifts upwards of 1000 km/s. The mass outflow rate estimated from the UV is roughly nine times greater than that estimated from H-alpha. We argue that the H-alpha emission traces a cluster-scale outflow of dense, low velocit...

  4. A Dual Narrowband Survey for H\\alpha\\ Emitters at z=2.2: Demonstration of the Technique and Constraints on the H\\alpha\\ Luminosity Function

    Lee, Janice C; Spitler, L; Labbe, I; Salim, S; Persson, S E; Ouchi, M; Dale, D; Monson, A; Murphy, D


    We present first results from a narrowband imaging program for intermediate redshift emission-line galaxies using the newly commissioned FourStar infrared camera at the 6.5m Magellan telescope. To enable prompt identification of H\\alpha\\ emitters, a pair of custom 1% filters, which sample low-airglow atmospheric windows at 1.19 \\mu m and 2.10 \\mu m, is used to detect both H\\alpha\\ and [OII]\\lambda 3727 emission from the same redshift volume at z=2.2. Initial observations are taken over a 130 arcmin^2 area in the CANDELS-COSMOS field. The exquisite image quality resulting from the combination of the instrument, telescope, and standard site conditions (~0.55" FWHM) allows the 1.19 \\mu m and 2.10 \\mu m data to probe 3\\sigma\\ emission-line depths down to 1.0e-17 erg/s/cm^2 and 1.2e-17 erg/s/cm^2 respectively, in less than 10 hours of integration time in each narrowband. For H\\alpha\\ at z=0.8 and z=2.2, these fluxes correspond to observed star formation rates of ~0.3 and ~4 Msun/yr respectively. We find 122 source...

  5. A Model for the Scattered Light Contribution and Polarization of the Diffuse $H\\alpha$ Galactic Background

    Wood, K; Wood, Kenneth; Reynolds, Ron


    We present Monte Carlo simulations of the Diffuse H$\\alpha$ Galactic Background. Our models comprise direct and multiply scattered H$\\alpha$ radiation from the kpc scaleheight Warm Ionized Medium and midplane H II regions. The scattering is off dust that is assumed to be well mixed with the gas, with an axisymmetric density distribution taken from the literature. The results of our simulations are all-sky H$\\alpha$ images that enable us to separate out the contributions of direct and scattered radiation. We also determine how far the model H$\\alpha$ photons have traveled, i.e., how far we see into the Galaxy at H$\\alpha$. Our models reproduce the overall characteristics of the observed H$\\alpha$ background and predict the scattered H$\\alpha$ intensity at high latitudes is in the range 5% to 20% of the total intensity, in agreement with estimations based on [S II]/H$\\alpha$ and [O III]/H$\\alpha$ line ratio measurements. The polarization arising from dust scattering of H$\\alpha$ from midplane H II regions is pr...

  6. H-alpha Imaging Survey of Low-Redshift Cluster Dwarf Galaxies

    Barkhouse, Wayne; Kalawila, Sandanuwan; Rude, Cody; Sultanova, Madina; Archer, Haylee Nichole; Foote, Gregory


    We describe our on-going H-alpha imaging survey to measure the star formation activity of dwarf galaxies selected from a sample of low-redshift (0.02 environment can be quantified using radial-dependent measures of the star formation rate within individual clusters, and by comparing clusters within our sample on a cluster-to-cluster basis. Comparison of our H-alpha measurements to CFHT u-band imaging data of our cluster sample, permits us to explore the correlation between the UV continuum and H-alpha emission of the dwarf galaxy population. The goal of our survey is to further understand the mechanism that is responsible for the enhancement/quenching of star formation as dwarf galaxies fall into the galaxy cluster environment.

  7. Mapping the Galactic Free-Free Foreground via Interstellar H-Alpha Emission

    Reynolds, R J


    Recently completed H-Alpha surveys of large portions of the sky can be used to create maps of the free-free intensity distribution at high Galactic latitude that are independent of the spectral fits to the CMB data. This provides an opportunity to test the accuracy of the spectral fitting procedures and to search for other sources of Galactic forground contamination that could be confused spectrally with the free-free, such as spinning dust grains. The Wisconsin H-Alpha Mapper (WHAM) survey has sampled the sky north of declination -30 deg at about one degree angular resolution and has revealed that, except for a few isolated regions of enhanced emission, \\Delta T_{ff} (30 GHz) < 30 micro-K at Galactic latitudes near 15 deg, decreasing to \\Delta T_{ff} (30 GHz) < 4 mircro-K at latitudes above 50 deg. Also in progress are H-Alpha surveys that sample the sky at higher angular resolution.

  8. The Wisconsin H-Alpha Mapper Northern Sky Survey of Galactic Ionized Hydrogen

    Madsen, G J; Reynolds, R J


    The Wisconsin H-Alpha Mapper (WHAM) has completed a one-degree resolution, velocity-resolved northern sky survey of H-alpha emission from our Galaxy. The unprecedented sensitivity of the instrument and accurate spectral subtraction of atmospheric features allow us to detect Galactic features as faint as 0.1 Rayleighs (EM ~ 0.25 cm^{-6} pc). This survey allows a direct comparison of the ionized and neutral components of the ISM on a global scale for the first time. All-sky maps of H-alpha emission in select velocity bands highlight the rich kinematic structure of the Galaxy's ionized gas. The full set of data from the WHAM survey is now available at (abridged)

  9. The Discovery of a Giant H-alpha Filament in NGC 7213

    Hameed, S A; Young, L; Devereux, N; Hameed, Salman; Blank, David; Young, Lisa; Devereux, Nick


    The nearby Seyfert galaxy NGC 7213 has been imaged in H-alpha and HI with the CTIO 1.5 m telescope and with the Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA), respectively. Optically NGC 7213 looks undisturbed and relatively featureless but the continuum-subtracted H-alpha image shows a 19 kpc long filament located approximately 18.6 kpc from the nucleus. The H-alpha filament could be neutral gas photo-ionized by the active nucleus, as has been suggested for the Seyfert galaxy NGC 5252, or shock-ionized by a jet interacting with the surrounding HI, as has been suggested for the radio galaxy PKS 2240-41. The HI map reveals NGC 7213 to be a highly disturbed system suggesting a past merging event.

  10. Predicting the Redshift 2 H-Alpha Luminosity Function Using [OIII] Emission Line Galaxies

    Mehta, Vihang; Scarlata, Claudia; Colbert, James W.; Dai, Y. S.; Dressler, Alan; Henry, Alaina; Malkan, Matt; Rafelski, Marc; Siana, Brian; Teplitz, Harry I.; Bagley, Micaela; Beck, Melanie; Ross, Nathaniel R.; Rutkowski, Michael; Wang, Yun


    Upcoming space-based surveys such as Euclid and WFIRST-AFTA plan to measure Baryonic Acoustic Oscillations (BAOs) in order to study dark energy. These surveys will use IR slitless grism spectroscopy to measure redshifts of a large number of galaxies over a significant redshift range. In this paper, we use the WFC3 Infrared Spectroscopic Parallel Survey (WISP) to estimate the expected number of H-alpha emitters observable by these future surveys. WISP is an ongoing Hubble Space Telescope slitless spectroscopic survey, covering the 0.8 - 1.65 micrometers wavelength range and allowing the detection of H-alpha emitters up to z approximately equal to 1.5 and [OIII] emitters to z approximately equal to 2.3. We derive the H-alpha-[OIII] bivariate line luminosity function for WISP galaxies at z approximately equal to 1 using a maximum likelihood estimator that properly accounts for uncertainties in line luminosity measurement, and demonstrate how it can be used to derive the H-alpha luminosity function from exclusively fitting [OIII] data. Using the z approximately equal to 2 [OIII] line luminosity function, and assuming that the relation between H-alpha and [OIII] luminosity does not change significantly over the redshift range, we predict the H-alpha number counts at z approximately equal to 2 - the upper end of the redshift range of interest for the future surveys. For the redshift range 0.7 less than z less than 2, we expect approximately 3000 galaxies per sq deg for a flux limit of 3 x 10(exp -16) ergs per sec per sq cm (the proposed depth of Euclid galaxy redshift survey) and approximately 20,000 galaxies per sq deg for a flux limit of approximately 10(exp -16) ergs per sec per sq cm (the baseline depth of WFIRST galaxy redshift survey).

  11. Narrow H-alpha emission profiles in tokamaks: molecular origin and observational effects

    The narrow hydrogen Balmer alpha profiles observed in tokamaks are explained in terms of the slow (approx. 0.3 eV) and fast (2 to 6 eV) excited atoms formed by dissociation of molecular hydrogen at the plasma edge. Extra widening of the spectrum in the wings can be explaind by Zeeman split H-alpha that is reflected from the vacuum vessel. This interpretation is consistent with available high-resolution data. The use of H-alpha as a diagnostic is discussed briefly

  12. H-alpha Survey of the Local Volume: Isolated Southern Galaxies

    Kaisin, S S; Knyazev, A Yu; Karachentsev, I D


    We present our H-alpha observations of 11 isolated southern galaxies: SDIG, PGC 51659, E 222-010, E 272-025, E 137-018, IC 4662, Sag DIG, IC 5052, IC 5152, UGCA 438, and E149-003, with distances from 1 to 7 Mpc. We have determined the total H-alpha fluxes from these galaxies. The star formation rates in these galaxies range from 10^{-1} (IC 4662) to 10^{-4}_{\\odot}/yr (SDIG) and the gas depletion time at the observed star formation rates lies within the range from 1/6 to 24 Hubble times H_0^{-1} .

  13. H-alpha Survey of the Local Volume: Isolated Southern Galaxies

    Kaisin, S. S.; Kasparova, A. V.; Knyazev, A. Yu.; Karachentsev, I. D.


    We present our H-alpha observations of 11 isolated southern galaxies: SDIG, PGC 51659, E 222-010, E 272-025, E 137-018, IC 4662, Sag DIG, IC 5052, IC 5152, UGCA 438, and E149-003, with distances from 1 to 7 Mpc. We have determined the total H-alpha fluxes from these galaxies. The star formation rates in these galaxies range from 10^{-1} (IC 4662) to 10^{-4}_{\\odot}/yr (SDIG) and the gas depletion time at the observed star formation rates lies within the range from 1/6 to 24 Hubble times H_0^{...

  14. Observational and theoretical constraints for an H$\\alpha$-halo around the Crab Nebula

    Tziamtzis, A.; M. Schirmer; Lundqvist, P.; Sollerman, J


    We searched for a fast moving H$\\alpha$ shell around the Crab nebula. Such a shell could account for this supernova remnant's missing mass, and carry enough kinetic energy to make SN 1054 a normal Type II event. Deep H$\\alpha$ images were obtained with WFI at the 2.2m MPG/ESO telescope and with MOSCA at the 2.56m NOT. The data are compared with theoretical expectations derived from shell models with ballistic gas motion, constant temperature, constant degree of ionisation and a power law for ...

  15. Evidence for ubiquitous high-equivalent-width nebular emission in z ∼ 7 galaxies: toward a clean measurement of the specific star-formation rate using a sample of bright, magnified galaxies

    Smit, R.; Bouwens, R. J.; Labbé, I. [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, NL-2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Zheng, W.; Lemze, D.; Ford, H. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Bradley, L.; Coe, D.; Postman, M. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21208 (United States); Donahue, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Moustakas, J. [Siena College, 515 Loudon Road, Loudonville, NY 12211 (United States); Umetsu, K. [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P. O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Zitrin, A.; Bartelmann, M. [Institut fur Theoretische Astrophysik, ZAH, Albert-Ueberle-Straß e 2, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Gonzalez, V. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521 (United States); Benítez, N.; Jimenez-Teja, Y. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia (CSIC), C/Camino Bajo de Huetor 24, Granada 18008 (Spain); Broadhurst, T. [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of the Basque Country, P. O. Box 644, 48080 Bilbao (Spain); Grillo, C. [Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark); Infante, L. [Departamento de Astronoia y Astrofisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, V. Mackenna 4860, Santiago 22 (Chile); and others


    Growing observational evidence indicates that nebular line emission has a significant impact on the rest-frame optical fluxes of z ∼ 5-7 galaxies. This line emission makes z ∼ 5-7 galaxies appear more massive, with lower specific star-formation rates (sSFRs). However, corrections for this line emission have been difficult to perform reliably because of huge uncertainties on the strength of such emission at z ≳ 5.5. In this paper, we present the most direct observational evidence thus far for ubiquitous high-equivalent-width (EW) [O III] + Hβ line emission in Lyman-break galaxies at z ∼ 7, and we present a strategy for an improved measurement of the sSFR at z ∼ 7. We accomplish this through the selection of bright galaxies in the narrow redshift window z ∼ 6.6-7.0 where the Spitzer/Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) 4.5 μm flux provides a clean measurement of the stellar continuum light, in contrast with the 3.6 μm flux, which is contaminated by the prominent [O III] + Hβ lines. To ensure a high signal-to-noise ratio for our IRAC flux measurements, we consider only the brightest (H {sub 160} < 26 mag) magnified galaxies we have identified behind galaxy clusters. It is remarkable that the mean rest-frame optical color for our bright seven-source sample is very blue, [3.6]-[4.5] = –0.9 ± 0.3. Such blue colors cannot be explained by the stellar continuum light and require that the rest-frame EW of [O III] + Hβ is greater than 637 Å for the average source. The four bluest sources from our seven-source sample require an even more extreme EW of 1582 Å. We can also set a robust lower limit of ≳ 4 Gyr{sup –1} on the sSFR of our sample based on the mean spectral energy distribution.

  16. Interstellar H-Alpha Line Profiles toward HD 93521 and the Lockman Window

    Hausen, N R; Haffner, L M; Tufte, S L


    We have used the Wisconsin H-Alpha Mapper (WHAM) facility to measure the interstellar H-Alpha emission toward the high Galactic latitude O star HD 93521 (l = 183.1, b = +62.2). Three emission components were detected having radial velocities of -10 km s^{-1}, -51 km s^{-1}, and -90 km s^{-1} with respect to the local standard of rest (LSR) and H-Alpha intensities of 0.20 R, 0.15 R, and 0.023 R, respectively, corresponding to emission measures of 0.55 cm^{-6} pc, 0.42 cm^{-6} pc, and 0.06 cm^{-6} pc. We have also detected an H-Alpha emission component at -1 km s^{-1} (LSR) with an intensity of 0.20 R (0.55 cm^{-6} pc) toward the direction l = 148.5, b = +53.0, which lies in the region of exceptionally low H I column density known as the Lockman Window. In addition, we studied the direction l = 163.5, b = +53.5. Upper limits on the possible intensity of Galactic emission toward this direction are 0.11 R at the LSR and 0.06 R at -50 km s^{-1}. We also detected and characterized twelve faint (~0.03-0.15 R), unide...

  17. The Gaseous ISM Observations with the Wisconsin $H-\\alpha$ Mapper (WHAM)

    Reynolds, R J; Tufte, S L


    The Wisconsin H-Alpha Mapper (WHAM) is a new facility dedicated to the study of faint optical emission lines from diffuse interstellar gas. During its first 18 months of operation, WHAM carried out a survey of the interstellar H-alpha emission associated with the warm, ionized component of the interstellar medium. The observations consisted of 37,000 spectra obtained with a one degree diameter beam on a 0.98 X 0.85 degree grid (lxb), covering the sky above declination -30 degrees. This survey provides for the first time a detailed picture of the distribution and kinematics of the diffuse ionized hydrogen through the H-alpha line comparable to surveys of the neutral hydrogen obtained through the 21 cm line. Preliminary reduction of the data from selected portions of the sky reveal that the interstellar H II has a complex distribution, with long filaments and loop-like structures extending to high Galactic latitudes and superposed on a more diffuse background. Apart from the H-alpha sky survey, WHAM has also de...

  18. The Properties of H{\\alpha} Emission-Line Galaxies at $z$ = 2.24

    An, F X; Wang, W -H; Huang, J -S; Kong, X; Wang, J -X; Fang, G W; Zhu, F; Gu, Q -S; Wu, H; Hao, L; Xia, X -Y


    Using deep narrow-band $H_2S1$ and $K_{s}$-band imaging data obtained with CFHT/WIRCam, we identify a sample of 56 H$\\alpha$ emission-line galaxies (ELGs) at $z=2.24$ with the 5$\\sigma$ depths of $H_2S1=22.8$ and $K_{s}=24.8$ (AB) over 383 arcmin$^{2}$ area in the ECDFS. A detailed analysis is carried out with existing multi-wavelength data in this field. Three of the 56 H$\\alpha$ ELGs are detected in Chandra 4 Ms X-ray observation and two of them are classified as AGNs. The rest-frame UV and optical morphologies revealed by HST/ACS and WFC3 deep images show that nearly half of the H$\\alpha$ ELGs are either merging systems or with a close companion, indicating that the merging/interacting processes play a key role in regulating star formation at cosmic epoch z=2-3; About 14% are too faint to be resolved in the rest-frame UV morphology due to high dust extinction. We estimate dust extinction form SEDs. We find that dust extinction is generally correlated with H$\\alpha$ luminosity and stellar mass (SM). Our res...

  19. H$_\\alpha$-activity and ages for stars in the SARG survey

    Sissa, E; Desidera, S; Fiorenzano, A F Martinez; Bonfanti, A; Carolo, E; Vassallo, D; Claudi, R U; Endl, M; Cosentino, R


    Stellar activity influences radial velocity (RV) measurements and can also mimic the presence of orbiting planets. As part of the search for planets around the components of wide binaries performed with the SARG High Resolution Spectrograph at the TNG, it was discovered that HD 200466A shows strong variation in RV that is well correlated with the activity index based on H$_\\alpha$. We used SARG to study the H$_\\alpha$ line variations in each component of the binaries and a few bright stars to test the capability of the H$_\\alpha$ index of revealing the rotation period or activity cycle. We also analysed the relations between the average activity level and other physical properties of the stars. We finally tried to reveal signals in the RVs that are due to the activity. At least in some cases the variation in the observed RVs is due to the stellar activity. We confirm that H$_\\alpha$ can be used as an activity indicator for solar-type stars and as an age indicator for stars younger than 1.5 Gyr.

  20. A catalogue of integrated H-alpha fluxes for 1,258 Galactic planetary nebulae

    Frew, David J; Parker, Q A


    We present a catalogue of new integrated H-alpha fluxes for 1258 Galactic planetary nebulae (PNe), with the majority, totalling 1234, measured from the Southern H-Alpha Sky Survey Atlas (SHASSA) and/or the Virginia Tech Spectral-line Survey (VTSS). Aperture photometry on the continuum-subtracted digital images was performed to extract H-alpha + [NII] fluxes in the case of SHASSA, and H-alpha fluxes from VTSS. The [NII] contribution was then deconvolved from the SHASSA flux using spectrophotometric data taken from the literature or derived by us. Comparison with previous work shows that the flux scale presented here has no significant zero-point error. Our catalogue is the largest compilation of homogeneously derived PN fluxes in any waveband yet measured, and will be an important legacy and fresh benchmark for the community. Amongst its many applications, it can be used to determine statistical distances for these PNe, determine new absolute magnitudes for delineating the faint end of the PN luminosity functi...

  1. H-alpha scans of the intergalactic H I cloud in Leo

    Reynolds, R. J.; Magee, K.; Roesler, F. L.; Scherb, F.; Harlander, J.


    Scans of H-alpha were obtained for two fields within the large, intergalactic H I cloud in Leo. The data provide a conservative upper limit of 1.7 x 10 to the -7th ergs/sq cm/s/sr on the H-alpha surface brightness of the cloud. This limit corresponds to an emission measure of less than 2 cm exp -6 pc for gas at a temperature of 10,000 K and implies an ionized hydrogen mass of less than 9 x 10 to the 9th f exp 1/2 solar mass within the cloud, where f is the filling fraction of the gas. This intensity may have important implications for possible sources of the ionization.

  2. Properties of white light flares. I - Association with H-alpha flares and sudden frequency deviations.

    Mcintosh, P. S.; Donnelly, R. F.


    All four large EUV bursts for which there were available concurrent white light observations of at least fair quality, were detected as white light flares. The rise times and maxima of the white light emissions coincided with rise times and maxima of the EUV bursts. The frequency of strong EUV bursts suggests that white light flares may occur at the rate of five or six per year near sunspot maximum. All of the white light flare areas coincided with intense bright areas of the H-alpha flares. These small areas appeared to be sources of high velocity ejecta in H-alpha. The white light flares occurred as several knots or patches of 2 to 15 arc-sec diameter, with bright cores perhaps less than 2 arc-sec diameter (1500 km). They preferred the outer penumbral borders of strong sunspots within 10 arc-sec of a longitudinal neutral line in the magnetic field.

  3. WHAM Observations of H-alpha from High-Velocity Clouds Are They Galactic or Extragalactic?

    Tufte, S L; Madsen, G J; Haffner, L M; Reynolds, R J


    It has been suggested that high velocity clouds may be distributed throughout the Local Group and are therefore not in general associated with the Milky Way galaxy. With the aim of testing this hypothesis, we have made observations in the H-alpha line of high velocity clouds selected as the most likely candidates for being at larger than average distances. We have found H-alpha emission from 4 out of 5 of the observed clouds, suggesting that the clouds under study are being illuminated by a Lyman continuum flux greater than that of the metagalactic ionizing radiation. Therefore, it appears likely that these clouds are in the Galactic halo and not distributed throughout the Local Group.

  4. Canes Venatici I cloud of galaxies seen in the H-alpha line

    Kaisin, S S


    We present results of H-alpha imaging for 42 galaxies in the nearby low-density cloud Canes Venatici I populated mainly by late-type objects. Estimates of the H-alpha flux and integrated star formation rate (SFR) are now available for all 78 known members of this scattered system, spanning a large range in luminosity, surface brightness, HI content and SFR. Distributions of the CVnI galaxies versus their SFR, blue absolute magnitude and total hydrogen mass are given in comparison with those for a population of the nearby virialized group around M81. We found no essential correlation between star formation activity in a galaxy and its density environment. A bulk of CVnI galaxies had enough time to generate their baryon mass with the observed SFR. Most of them possess also a supply of gas sufficient to maintain their observed SFR's during the next Hubble time.

  5. Using H-alpha as a Tracer of the Emission Region of LS I +61 303

    McSwain, M Virginia


    The gamma-ray binary LS I +61 303 is one of the brightest Fermi sources, with orbitally modulated emission across the electromagnetic spectrum. Here we present H-alpha spectra of LS I +61 303 that exhibit a dramatic emission burst shortly before apastron, observed as a redshifted shoulder in the line profile. A correlated burst in radio, X-ray, and GeV emission is observed at the same orbital phase. We interpret the source of the emission as a compact pulsar wind nebula that forms when a tidal mass stream from the Be circumstellar disk interacts with the relativistic pulsar wind. The H-alpha emission offers an important probe of the high energy emission morphology in this system.

  6. Spatial Correlation Between Dust and H$\\alpha$ Emission in Dwarf Irregular Galaxies

    Jimmy,; Saintonge, Amélie; Accurso, Gioacchino; Brough, Sarah; Oliva-Altamirano, Paola; Salmon, Brett; Forrest, Ben


    Using a sample of dwarf irregular galaxies selected from the ALFALFA blind HI-survey and observed using the VIMOS IFU, we investigate the relationship between H$\\alpha$ emission and Balmer optical depth ($\\tau_{\\text{b}}$). We find a positive correlation between H$\\alpha$ luminosity surface density and Balmer optical depth in 8 of 11 at $\\geq$ 0.8$\\sigma$ significance (6 of 11 at $\\geq$ 1.0$\\sigma$) galaxies. Our spaxels have physical scales ranging from 30 to 80 pc, demonstrating that the correlation between these two variables continues to hold down to spatial scales as low as 30 pc. Using the Spearman's rank correlation coefficient to test for correlation between $\\Sigma_{\\text{H}\\alpha}$ and $\\tau_{\\text{b}}$ in all the galaxies combined, we find $\\rho = 0.39$, indicating a positive correlation at 4$\\sigma$ significance. Our low stellar-mass galaxy results are in agreement with observations of emission line regions in larger spiral galaxies, indicating that this relationship is independent of the size of ...

  7. The H-alpha surface brightness - radius relation: a robust statistical distance indicator for planetary nebulae

    Frew, David J; Bojicic, I S


    Measuring the distances to Galactic planetary nebulae (PNe) has been an intractable problem for many decades. We have now established a robust optical statistical distance indicator, the H-alpha surface brightness -radius or S-r relation, which addresses this problem. We developed this relation from a critically evaluated sample of primary calibrating PNe. The robust nature of the method results from our revised calibrating distances with significantly reduced systematic uncertainties, and the recent availability of high-quality data, including updated nebular diameters and integrated H-alpha fluxes. The S-r technique is simple in its application, requiring only an angular size, an integrated H-alpha flux, and the reddening to the PN. From these quantities, an intrinsic radius is calculated, which when combined with the angular size, yields the distance directly. Furthermore, we have found that optically thick PNe tend to populate the upper bound of the trend, while optically-thin PNe fall along the lower bou...

  8. H$\\alpha$ Emission From Active Equal-mass, Wide M Dwarf Binaries

    Gunning, Heather C; Davenport, James R A; Dhital, Saurav; Hawley, Suzanne L; West, Andrew A


    We identify a sample of near-equal mass wide binary M dwarf systems from the SLoWPoKES catalog of common proper-motion binaries and obtain follow-up observations of their chromospheric activity as measured by the H$\\alpha$ emission line. We present optical spectra for both components of 48 candidate M dwarf binaries, confirming their mid-M spectral types. Of those 48 coeval pairs, we find eight with H$\\alpha$ emission from both components, three with weak emission in one component and no emission in the other, and 37 with two inactive components. We find that of the eleven pairs with at least one active component, only three follow the net trend of decreasing activity strength $L_{\\rm H\\alpha}/L_{\\rm bol}$ with later spectral type. The difference in quiescent activity strength between the A and B components is larger than what would be expected based on the small differences in color (mass). For five binaries with two active components, we present 47 hours of time-resolved spectroscopy, observed on the ARC 3....

  9. A Search for "Dwarf" Seyfert Nuclei; 4, Nuclei with Broad H-$\\alpha$ Emission

    Ho, L C; Sargent, W L W; Peng, C Y; Ho, Luis C.; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Sargent, Wallace L. W.; Peng, Chien Y.


    We present the results of an optical spectroscopic survey designed to search for low-luminosity, "dwarf" Seyfert nuclei in a magnitude-limited sample of 486 bright, northern galaxies. Moderate-resolution spectra of exceptionally high quality were obtained in part to detect broad H-alpha emission, similar in character to, but much weaker than, the broad permitted lines that define type 1 Seyfert nuclei. One of the primary goals of the survey is to better quantify the faint end of the luminosity function of active galactic nuclei. This paper describes the subset of nuclei showing definite or probable evidence of broad H-alpha emission. We outline the procedures for determining the presence of this elusive spectral feature, steps for its quantitative measurement, and the associated systematic errors. Of the 211 emission-line galaxies classified as having Seyfert or LINER nuclei in our survey, the broad H-alpha line was detected with confidence in 34 objects, and with less certainty in another 12. Most of the det...

  10. The Lyman alpha reference sample. VII. Spatially resolved H$\\alpha$ kinematics

    Herenz, Edmund Christian; Orlitova, Ivana; Hayes, Matthew; Östlin, Göran; Cannon, John M; Roth, Martin M; Bik, Arjan; Pardy, Stephen; Otí-Floranes, Héctor; Mas-Hesse, J Miguel; Adamo, Angela; Atek, Hakim; Duval, Florent; Guaita, Lucia; Kunth, Daniel; Laursen, Peter; Melinder, Jens; Puschnig, Johannes; Rivera-Thorsen, Thøger E; Schaerer, Daniel; Verhamme, Anne


    We present integral field spectroscopic observations with the Potsdam Multi Aperture Spectrophotometer of all 14 galaxies in the $z\\sim 0.1$ Lyman Alpha Reference Sample (LARS). We produce 2D line of sight velocity maps and velocity dispersion maps from the Balmer $\\alpha$ (H$\\alpha$) emission in our data cubes. These maps trace the spectral and spatial properties of the LARS galaxies' intrinsic Ly$\\alpha$ radiation field. We show our kinematic maps spatially registered onto the Hubble Space Telescope H$\\alpha$ and Lyman $\\alpha$ (Ly$\\alpha$) images. Only for individual galaxies a causal connection between spatially resolved H$\\alpha$ kinematics and Ly$\\alpha$ photometry can be conjectured. However, no general trend can be established for the whole sample. Furthermore, we compute non-parametric global kinematical statistics -- intrinsic velocity dispersion $\\sigma_0$, shearing velocity $v_\\mathrm{shear}$, and the $v_\\mathrm{shear}/\\sigma_0$ ratio -- from our kinematic maps. In general LARS galaxies are charac...

  11. Mapping High-velocity H-alpha and Lyman-alpha Emission from Supernova 1987A

    France, Kevin; Fransson, Claes; Larsson, Josefin; Frank, Kari A; Burrows, David N; Challis, Peter; Kirshner, Robert P; Chevalier, Roger A; Garnavich, Peter; Heng, Kevin; Lawrence, Stephen S; Lundqvist, Peter; Smith, Nathan; Sonneborn, George


    We present new {\\it Hubble Space Telescope} images of high-velocity H-$\\alpha$ and Lyman-$\\alpha$ emission in the outer debris of SN~1987A. The H-$\\alpha$ images are dominated by emission from hydrogen atoms crossing the reverse shock. For the first time we observe emission from the reverse shock surface well above and below the equatorial ring, suggesting a bipolar or conical structure perpendicular to the ring plane. Using the H$\\alpha$ imaging, we measure the mass flux of hydrogen atoms crossing the reverse shock front, in the velocity intervals ($-$7,500~$<$~$V_{obs}$~$<$~$-$2,800 km s$^{-1}$) and (1,000~$<$~$V_{obs}$~$<$~7,500 km s$^{-1}$), $\\dot{M_{H}}$ = 1.2~$\\times$~10$^{-3}$ M$_{\\odot}$ yr$^{-1}$. We also present the first Lyman-$\\alpha$ imaging of the whole remnant and new $Chandra$ X-ray observations. Comparing the spatial distribution of the Lyman-$\\alpha$ and X-ray emission, we observe that the majority of the high-velocity Lyman-$\\alpha$ emission originates interior to the equatorial...

  12. On the H$\\alpha$ emission from the $\\beta$ Cephei system

    Schnerr, R S; Oudmaijer, R D; Telting, J H


    Be stars, which are characterised by intermittent emission in their hydrogen lines, are known to be fast rotators. This fast rotation is a requirement for the formation of a Keplerian disk, which in turn gives rise to the emission. However, the pulsating, magnetic B1IV star $\\beta$ Cephei is a very slow rotator that still shows H$\\alpha$ emission episodes like in other Be stars, contradicting current theories. We investigate the hypothesis that the H$\\alpha$ emission stems from the spectroscopically unresolved companion of $\\beta$ Cep. Spectra of the two unresolved components have been separated in the 6350-6850\\AA range with spectro-astrometric techniques, using 11 longslit spectra obtained with ALFOSC at the Nordic Optical Telescope, La Palma. We find that the H$\\alpha$ emission is not related to the primary in $\\beta$ Cep, but is due to its 3.4 magnitudes fainter companion. This companion has been resolved by speckle techniques, but it remains unresolved by traditional spectroscopy. The emission extends fr...

  13. Observational and theoretical constraints for an H$\\alpha$-halo around the Crab Nebula

    Tziamtzis, A; Lundqvist, P; Sollerman, J


    We searched for a fast moving H$\\alpha$ shell around the Crab nebula. Such a shell could account for this supernova remnant's missing mass, and carry enough kinetic energy to make SN 1054 a normal Type II event. Deep H$\\alpha$ images were obtained with WFI at the 2.2m MPG/ESO telescope and with MOSCA at the 2.56m NOT. The data are compared with theoretical expectations derived from shell models with ballistic gas motion, constant temperature, constant degree of ionisation and a power law for the density profile. We reach a surface brightness limit of $5\\times10^{-8} ergs s^{-1} cm^{-2} sr^{-1}$. A halo is detected, but at a much higher surface brightness than our models of recombination emission and dust scattering predict. Only collisional excitation of Ly$\\beta$ with partial de-excitation to H$\\alpha$ could explain such amplitudes. We show that the halo seen is due to PSF scattering and thus not related to a real shell. We also investigated the feasibility of a spectroscopic detection of high-velocity H$\\al...

  14. Star-formation properties of Hickson Compact Groups based on deep H{\\alpha} imaging

    Eigenthaler, Paul; Verdugo, Miguel; Ziegler, Bodo


    We present deep H{\\alpha} imaging of seven Hickson Compact Groups (HCGs) using the 4.1m Southern Astrophysics Research (SOAR) Telescope. The high spatial resolution of the observations allow us to study both the integrated star-formation properties of the main galaxies as well as the 2D distribution of star-forming knots in the faint tidal arms that form during interactions between the individual galaxies. We derive star-formation rates and stellar masses for group members and discuss their position relative to the main sequence of star-forming galaxies. Despite the existence of tidal features within the galaxy groups, we do not find any indication for enhanced star-formation in the selected sample of HCGs. We study azimuthally averaged H{\\alpha} profiles of the galaxy disks and compare them with the g' and r' surface-brightness profiles. We do not find any truncated galaxy disks but reveal that more massive galaxies show a higher light concentration in H{\\alpha} than less massive ones. We also see that galax...

  15. Is the Broad-Line Region Clumped or Smooth? Constraints from the H alpha Profile in NGC 4395, the Least Luminous Seyfert 1 Galaxy

    Laor, A; Ho, L C; Filippenko, A V; Laor, Ari; Barth, Aaron J.; Ho, Luis C.; Filippenko, Alexei V.


    The origin and configuration of the gas which emits broad lines in Type I active galactic nuclei is not established yet. The lack of small-scale structure in the broad emission-line profiles is consistent with a smooth gas flow, or a clumped flow with many small clouds. An attractive possibility for the origin of many small clouds is the atmospheres of bloated stars, an origin which also provides a natural mechanism for the cloud confinement. Earlier studies of the broad-line profiles have already put strong lower limits on the minimum number of such stars, but these limits are sensitive to the assumed width of the lines produced by each cloud. Here we revisit this problem using high-resolution Keck spectra of the H alpha line in NGC 4395, which has the smallest known broad-line region (~10^14 cm). Only a handful of the required bloated stars (each having r~10^14 cm) could fit into the broad-line region of NGC 4395, yet the observed smoothness of the H alpha line implies a lower limit of ~10^4-10^5 on the num...

  16. Herschel reveals the obscured star formation in HiZELS H\\alpha\\ emitters at z=1.47

    Ibar, E; Best, P N; Ivison, R J; Smail, I; Arumugam, V; Berta, S; Béthermin, M; Bock, J; Cava, A; Conley, A; Farrah, D; Floc'h, E Le; Lutz, D; Magdis, G; Magnelli, B; Ikarashi, S; Kohno, K; Marsden, G; Oliver, S J; Page, M J; Pozzi, F; Riguccini, L; Schulz, B; Seymour, N; Smith, A J; Symeonidis, M; Wang, L; Wardlow, J; Zemcov, M


    We describe the far-infrared (FIR; rest-frame 8--1000\\mu m) properties of a sample of 443 H\\alpha-selected star-forming galaxies in the COSMOS and UDS fields detected by the HiZELS imaging survey. Sources are identified using narrow-band filters in combination with broad-band photometry to uniformly select H\\alpha\\ (and [OII] if available) emitters in a narrow redshift slice at z = 1.47+/-0.02. We use a stacking approach in Spitzer, Herschel (from PEP and HerMES surveys) and AzTEC images to describe their typical FIR properties. We find that HiZELS galaxies with observed H\\alpha\\ luminosities of ~ 10^{8.1-9.1} Lo have bolometric FIR luminosities of typical LIRGs, L_FIR ~ 10^{11.48+/-0.05} Lo. Combining the H\\alpha\\ and FIR luminosities, we derive median SFR = 32+/-5 Mo/yr and H\\alpha\\ extinctions of A(H\\alpha) = 1.0+/-0.2 mag. Perhaps surprisingly, little difference is seen in typical HiZELS extinction levels compared to local star-forming galaxies. We confirm previous empirical stellar mass (M*) to A(H\\alpha...

  17. Optical Observations of M81 Galaxy Group in Narrow Band [SII] and H_alpha Filters: Holmberg IX

    Arbutina, B.


    Full Text Available We present observations of the nearby tidal dwarf galaxy Holmberg IX in M81 galaxy group in narrow band [SII] and H$alpha$ filters, carried out in March and November 2008 with the 2m RCC telescope at NAO Rozhen, Bulgaria. Our search for resident supernova remnants (identified as sources with enhanced [SII] emission relative to their H$alpha$ emission in this galaxy yielded no sources of this kind, besides M&H 10-11 or HoIX X-1. Nevertheless, we found a number of objects with significant H$alpha$ emission that probably represent uncatalogued HII regions.

  18. Standard Stars for the BYU H-alpha Photometric System (Abstract)

    Joner, M.; Hintz, E.


    (Abstract only) We present primary standard stars for the BYU H-alpha photometric system. This system is similar to the H-beta photometric system that is often used with the intermediate band uvby system. Both systems use the difference between magnitudes measured in a wide (15-20-nm) and narrow (3-nm) bandpass centered on one of the strong Balmer lines of hydrogen to establish a color index. Line indices formed in this manner are independent of atmospheric extinction and interstellar reddening. These indices provide intrinsic measures of effective temperature for stars with spectral types between B and G. The present primary standard stars for the BYU system as established using spectroscopic observations that cover the region between the H-alpha and H-beta lines. The indices were formed using synthetic photometry reductions to convolve ideal filter profiles with the observed spectra. The number of observations per star is generally in excess of 25. Some stars have been observed more than 100 times over a period of 7 years. The typical error per observation for these stars is on the order of 1-3 mmag. In addition to the standard field stars, we present H-alpha and H-beta observations of individual stars that are members of selected open clusters. These include the Hyades, Pleiades, Coma, and NGC 752 clusters. Additional stars that exhibit varying degrees of hydrogen emission are easily distinguished in a plot of the alpha-beta plane. We have found that candidates for emission line objects, high mass x-ray binaries, and young stellar objects are readily identified in our alpha-beta plots. We acknowledge continued support from the BYU College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences as well as support from NSF Grant AST #0618209. We also thank the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory for continued allocation of robotic observing time for spectroscopy on the 1.2-m telescope.

  19. LkH-alpha 101 - The stellar wind, the surrounding nebula, and an associated radio star cluster

    Becker, Robert H.; White, Richard L.


    Radio observations of LkH-alpha 101 have been taken to determine the characteristics of the stellar wind from the central star as well as to image the surrounding nebulosity. They also revealed the presence of a high concentration of weak compact radio sources in the neighborhood of LkH-alpha 101, four of which have optical stellar counterparts. Spectra of three of the stars indicate two T Tauri stars and a highly obscured B star.

  20. LkH-alpha 101 - the stellar wind, the surrounding nebula, and an associated radio star cluster

    Radio observations of LkH-alpha 101 have been taken to determine the characteristics of the stellar wind from the central star as well as to image the surrounding nebulosity. They also revealed the presence of a high concentration of weak compact radio sources in the neighborhood of LkH-alpha 101, four of which have optical stellar counterparts. Spectra of three of the stars indicate two T Tauri stars and a highly obscured B star. 15 references

  1. HH 666: Different kinematics from H{\\alpha} and [Fe II] emission provide a missing link between jets and outflows

    Reiter, Megan; Kiminki, Megan M; Bally, John


    HH 666 is an externally irradiated protostellar outflow in the Carina Nebula for which we present new near-IR [Fe II] spectra obtained with the FIRE spectrograph at Magellan Observatory. Earlier H{\\alpha} and near-IR [Fe II] imaging revealed that the two emission lines trace substantially different morphologies in the inner ~40" of the outflow. H{\\alpha} traces a broad cocoon that surrounds the collimated [Fe II] jet that extends throughout the parent dust pillar. New spectra show that this discrepancy extends to their kinematics. Near-IR [Fe II] emission traces steady, fast velocities of +/- 200 km/s from the eastern and western limbs of the jet. We compare this to a previously published H{\\alpha} spectrum that reveals a Hubble-flow velocity structure near the jet-driving source. New, second-epoch HST/ACS H{\\alpha} images reveal the lateral spreading of the H{\\alpha} outflow lobe away from the jet axis. H{\\alpha} proper motions also indicate a sudden increase in the mass-loss rate ~1000 yr ago, while steady ...

  2. Real-time flare detection in ground-based H$\\alpha$ imaging at Kanzelh\\"ohe Observatory

    Pötzi, Werner; Riegler, Gernot; Amerstorfer, Ulrike; Pock, Thomas; Temmer, Manuela; Polanec, Wolfgang; Baumgartner, Dietmar J


    Kanzelh\\"ohe Observatory (KSO) regularly performs high-cadence full-disk imaging of the solar chromosphere in the H$\\alpha$ and CaIIK spectrallines as well as the solar photosphere in white-light. In the frame of ESA's Space Situational Awareness (SSA) programme, a new system for real-time H$\\alpha$ data provision and automatic flare detection was developed at KSO. The data and events detected are published in near real-time at ESA's SSA Space Weather portal ( In this paper, we describe the H$\\alpha$ instrument, the image recognition algorithms developed, the implementation into the KSO H$\\alpha$ observing system and present the evaluation results of the real-time data provision and flare detection for a period of five months. The H$\\alpha$ data provision worked in $99.96$% of the images, with a mean time lag between image recording and online provision of 4s. Within the given criteria for the automatic image recognition system (at least three H$\\alpha$ images a...

  3. Amalgam width of matroids

    Mach, Lukas; Toufar, Tomas


    We introduce a new matroid width parameter based on the operation of matroid amalgamation, which we call amalgam-width. The parameter is linearly related to branch-width on finitely representable matroids (which is not possible for branch-width). In particular, any property expressible in the monadic second order logic can be decided in linear time for matroids with bounded amalgam-width. We also prove that the Tutte polynomial can be computed in polynomial time for matroids with bounded amal...

  4. Limits on Lyman Continuum escape from z=2.2 H-alpha emitting galaxies

    Sandberg, A; Melinder, J; Bik, A; Guaita, L


    The leakage of Lyman continuum photons from star forming galaxies is an elusive parameter. When observed, it provides a wealth of information on star formation in galaxies and the geometry of the interstellar medium, and puts constraints on the role of star forming galaxies in the reionization of the universe. H-alpha-selected galaxies at z~2 trace the highest star formation population at the peak of cosmic star formation history, providing a base for directly measuring Lyman continuum escape. Here we present this method, and highlight its benefits as well as caveats. We also use the method on 10 H-alpha emitters in the Chandra Deep Field South at z=2.2, also imaged with the Hubble Space Telescope in the ultraviolet. We find no individual Lyman continuum detections, and our stack puts a 5 sigma upper limit on the average absolute escape fraction of <24%, consistent with similar studies. With future planned observations, the sample sizes would rapidly increase and the method presented here would provide ver...

  5. Shocks and Star Formation in Stephan's Quintet. I. Gemini Spectroscopy of H{\\alpha}-bright knots

    Konstantopoulos, I S; Guillard, P; Trancho, G; Cluver, M E; Bastian, N; Charlton, J C; Fedotov, K; Gallagher, S C; Smith, L J; Struck, C J


    We present a Gemini-GMOS spectroscopic study of HST-selected H{\\alpha}-emitting regions in Stephan's Quintet (HCG 92), a nearby compact galaxy group, with the aim of disentangling the processes of shock-induced heating and star formation in its intra-group medium. The $\\approx$40 sources are distributed across the system, but most densely concentrated in the $\\sim$kpc-long shock region. Their spectra neatly divide them into narrow- and and broad-line emitters, and we decompose the latter into three or more emission peaks corresponding to spatial elements discernible in HST imaging. The emission line ratios of the two populations of H{\\alpha}-emitters confirm their nature as H II regions (90% of the sample) or molecular gas heated by a shock-front propagating at $\\lesssim$300 km/s. Their redshift distribution reveals interesting three-dimensional structure with respect to gas-phase baryons, with no H II regions associated with shocked gas, no shocked regions in the intruder galaxy NGC 7318B, and a sharp bounda...

  6. Boxy H$\\alpha$ Emission Profiles in Star-Forming Galaxies

    Chen, Yan-Mei; Tremonti, Christy A; Shi, Yong; Jin, Yi-Fei


    We assemble a sample of disk star-forming galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7, studying the structure of H$\\alpha$ emission lines, finding a large fraction of this sample contains boxy H$\\alpha$ line profiles. This fraction depends on galaxy physical and geometric parameters in the following way: (1) it increases monotonically with star formation rate per unit area ($\\Sigma_{\\rm SFR}$), and stellar mass ($M_*$), with the trend being much stronger with $M_*$, from $\\sim$0% at $M_*=10^{10}M_{\\odot}$ to about 50% at $M_*=10^{11}M_\\odot$; (2) the fraction is much smaller in face-on systems than in edge-on systems. It increases with galaxy inclination ($i$) while $i < 60\\,^{\\circ}$ and is roughly a constant of 25% beyond this range; (3) for the sources which can be modeled well with two velocity components, blueshifted and redshifted from the systemic velocity, these is a positive correlation between the velocity difference of these two components and the stellar mass, with a slope similar...

  7. Infrared studies of pre-main-sequence intermediate-mass stars - LkH-Alpha 198

    Natta, Antonella; Palla, Francesco; Butner, Harold M.; Evans, Neal J., II; Harvey, Paul M.


    The paper presents FIR scans of LkH-Alpha 198 at 50 and 100 microns along several directions; the observations reveal an extended, roughly spherical source diameter of 33 arcsec, or 20,000 AU, at 100 microns and not more than 10 arcsec, or 15,000 AU, at 50 microns. A luminosity of 250 solar luminosities at a distance of 600 pc is estimated on the basis of a comparison of the observed properties at optical, IR, and millimeter wavelengths with the predictions of radiation transfer models. The optical depth at 100 microns is 0.004-0.006, implying a mass of about 2 solar masses with a radius of 10,000 AU. It is argued that the inner radius of the dusty envelope is rather small, less than about 300 AU (0.5 arcsec), and it may be as small as the dust destruction front: in LkH-Alpha 198 there is no evidence of a large region devoid of grains.

  8. Galaxies with Background QSOs, I: A Search for Strong Galactic H-alpha Lines

    York, Donald G; Bishof, Michael; Kuttruff, Seth; Bowen, David; Kulkarni, Varsha P; Subbarao, Mark; Richards, Gordon; Berk, Daniel Vanden; Hall, Patrick B; Heckman, Timothy; Khare, Pushpa; Quashnock, Jean; Ghering, Lara; Johnson, Sean


    A search for emission lines in foreground galaxies in quasar spectra (z(gal) < z(QSO)) of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) data release 5 (DR5) reveals 23 examples of quasars shining through low redshift, foreground galaxies at small impact parameters (< 10 kpc). About 74,000 quasar spectra were examined by searching for narrow H{\\alpha} emission lines at z < 0.38, at a flux level greater than 5 \\times 10^-17 ergs cm^-2 s^-1, then confirming that other expected emission lines of the H II regions in the galaxy are detected. The galaxies were deblended from the quasar images to get colors and morphologies. For cases that allow the galaxy and the quasar to be deblended, the galaxies are blue (0.95 <(u-r)< 1.95). Extinction and reddening through the galaxies is determined from the (g-i) color excesses of the quasars. These reddening values are compared with the flux ratio of H{\\alpha} to H{\\beta}, which reflect the extinction for an undetermined fraction of the sightline through each galaxy. No ...

  9. Analysis of EUV, UV, and H-alpha Emission from Two Very Different Prominences

    Kucera, T.; Landi, E.


    We analyze the properties of a pair of prominences observed the UV and EUV in April 2004. One was a generally quiet prominence which exhibited a period of activation. Another was a large "coronal cloud" type prominence. Both were observed by SOHO/SUMER, TRACE, and in H$\\alpha$ by BBSO and MLSO. The quiet prominence was also observed by the SOHO/CDS instrument. TRACE and H$\\alpha$ data provide 2D images on with time cadences on the order of 1 minute. The SUMER data was taken from a single slit location with a 90 second cadence and included a number of lines spanning the temperature range 80,000 to 1.6 million K. This observing program was designed to allow us to study prominence dynamics . CDS raster data was taken with a slower cadence, in lines formed at temperatures from 20,000 - 1 million K. We combine these different data sets to analyze the thermal properties, including differential emission measures (DEMs), of these very different prominences, and compare the results to those of prominences previously analyzed by ourselves and others.

  10. The Galactic Halo Ionizing Field and $H-\\alpha$ Distances to HVCs

    Bland-Hawthorn, J


    There has been much debate in recent decades as to what fraction of ionizing photons from star forming regions in the Galactic disk escape into the halo. The recent detection of the Magellanic Stream in optical line emission at the CTIO 4m and the AAT 3.9m telescopes may now provide the strongest evidence that at least some of the radiation escapes the disk completely. While the distance to the Magellanic Stream is uncertain, the observed H-alpha emission is most plausibly explained by photoionization due to hot, young stars. Our model requires that the mean Lyman-limit opacity perpendicular to the disk is tau close to unity. Within the context of this model, it now becomes possible to determine distances to high velocity clouds, and the 3D orientation of the Magellanic Stream. Here, we discuss complications of the model (e.g., porosity, topology), future tests, ongoing improvements, and the importance of H-alpha limb brightening from surface ionization. More speculatively, we propose a direct experiment for ...

  11. Modelling the orientation of accretion disks in quasars using H-alpha emission

    Down, E J; Sivia, D S; Baker, J C


    Infrared spectroscopy of the H-alpha emission lines of a sub-sample of 19 high-redshift (0.8 < z < 2.3) Molonglo quasars, selected at 408 MHz, is presented. These emission lines are fitted with composite models of broad and narrow emission, which include combinations of classical broad-line regions of fast-moving gas clouds lying outside the quasar nucleus, and/or a theoretical model of emission from an optically-thick, flattened, rotating accretion disk. All bar one of the nineteen sources are found to have emission consistent with the presence of an optically-emitting accretion disk, with the exception appearing to display complex emission including at least three broad components. Ten of the quasars have strong Bayesian evidence for broad-line emission arising from an accretion disk together with a standard broad-line region, selected in preference to a model with two simple broad lines. Thus the best explanation for the complexity required to fit the broad H-alpha lines in this sample is optical emi...

  12. A view of the M81 galaxy group via the H-alpha window

    Karachentsev, I D; Karachentsev, Igor D.; Kaisin, Serafim S.


    We present images for 36 galaxies of the M81 group obtained in the H-alpha line. Estimates of the H-alpha flux and star formation rate, SFR, are avialable now for all the known members of the group with absolute magnitudes down to M_B = -10^m. The character of distribution of the galaxies over three paremeters: M_B, SFR, and total hydrogen mass permits us to draw the following conclusions as to evolution status of the group population. a) Spiral and irregular type galaxies would have time to generate their luminosity (baryon mass) during the cosmological time T_0=13.7 Gyr, but dwarf spheroidal objects are capable of reproducing only ~5% of their observed luminosity. b) S and Im,BCD galaxies possess the supply of gas sufficient to maintain their observed SFRs during only next (1/4 - 1/3)T_0 years, while dIr and dSph populations have the mean gas depletion time about 3 T_0. c) There is indirect evidence that the star formation in Im, BCD and dIr galaxies proceeds in a mode of vigorous burst activity rather than...

  13. A Survey for H-alpha Emission from Late L dwarfs and T dwarfs

    Pineda, J Sebastian; Kirkpatrick, J Davy; Cotter, Garret; Kao, Melodie M; Mooley, Kunal


    Recently, studies of brown dwarfs have demonstrated that they possess strong magnetic fields and have the potential to produce radio and optical auroral emissions powered by magnetospheric currents. This emission provides the only window on magnetic fields in the coolest brown dwarfs and identifying additional benchmark objects is key to constraining dynamo theory in this regime. To this end, we conducted a new red optical (6300 - 9700 Angstrom) survey with the Keck telescopes looking for H-alpha emission from a sample of late L dwarfs and T dwarfs. Our survey gathered optical spectra for 29 targets, 18 of which did not have previous optical spectra in the literature, greatly expanding the number of moderate resolution (R~2000) spectra available at these spectral types. Combining our sample with previous surveys, we confirm an H-alpha detection rate of 9.2 (+3.5/-2.1) % for L and T dwarfs in the optical spectral range of L4 - T8. This detection rate is consistent with the recently measured detection rate for ...

  14. Large-scale solar magnetic fields and H-alpha patterns

    Mcintosh, P. S.


    Coronal and interplanetary magnetic fields computed from measurements of large-scale photospheric magnetic fields suffer from interruptions in day-to-day observations and the limitation of using only measurements made near the solar central meridian. Procedures were devised for inferring the lines of polarity reversal from H-alpha solar patrol photographs that map the same large-scale features found on Mt. Wilson magnetograms. These features may be monitored without interruption by combining observations from the global network of observatories associated with NOAA's Space Environment Services Center. The patterns of inferred magnetic fields may be followed accurately as far as 60 deg from central meridian. Such patterns will be used to improve predictions of coronal features during the next solar eclipse.

  15. Chromospheric Sunspot Oscillations in H-alpha and Ca II 8542A

    Maurya, Ram Ajor; Park, Hyungmin; Yang, Heesu; Song, Donguk; Cho, Kyuhyoun


    We study chromospheric oscillations including umbral flashes and running penumbral waves in a sunspot of active region (AR) using scanning spectroscopy in H-alpha and Ca II 8542A, with the Fast Imaging Solar Spectrograph (FISS) at the 1.6 meter New Solar Telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory. A bisector method is applied to spectral observations to construct chromospheric Doppler velocity maps. Temporal sequence analysis of these shows enhanced high-frequency oscillations inside the sunspot umbra in both lines. Their peak frequency gradually decreases outward from the umbra. The oscillation power is found to be associated with magnetic-field strength and inclination, with different relationships in different frequency bands.

  16. The H$\\alpha$ surface brightness $-$ radius plane as a diagnostic tool for photoionized nebulae

    Frew, David J; Parker, Quentin A


    The H$\\alpha$ surface brightness $-$ radius ($S-r$) relation is a robust distance indicator for planetary nebulae (PNe), further enhanced by different populations of PNe having distinct loci in $S-r$ space. Other types of photoionized nebulae also plot in quite distinct regions in the $S-r$ plane, allowing its use as a diagnostic tool. In particular, the nova shells and massive star ejecta (MSE) plot on relatively tight loci illustrating their evolutionary sequences. For the MSE, there is potential to develop a distance indicator for these objects, based on their trend in $S-r$ space. As high-resolution, narrowband surveys of the nearest galaxies become more commonplace, the $S-r$ plane is a potentially useful diagnostic tool to help identify the various ionized nebulae in these systems.

  17. H$_{\\alpha}$ line as an indicator of envelope presence around the Cepheid Polaris Aa ($\\alpha~ UMi$)

    Usenko, I A; Klochkova, V G; Tavolzhanskaya, N S


    We present the results of the radial velocity ($RV$) measurements of metallic lines as well as H$_{\\alpha}$ (H$_{\\beta}$) obtained in 55 high-resolution spectra of the Cepheid $\\alpha$ UMi (Polaris Aa) in 1994-2010. While the $RV$ amplitudes of these lines are roughly equal, their mean $RV$ begin to differ essentially with growth of the Polaris Aa pulsational activity. This difference is accompanied by the H$_{\\alpha}$ line core asymmetries on the red side mainly (so-called knife-like profiles) and reaches 8-12 km/s in 2003 with a subsequent decrease to 1.5-2 km/s. We interpret a so unusual behaviour of the H$_{\\alpha}$ line core as dynamical changes in the envelope around Polaris Aa.

  18. The critical velocity effect as a cause for the H\\alpha emission from the Magellanic stream

    Konz, C.; Lesch, H.; Birk, G. T.; Wiechen, H.


    Observations show significant H\\alpha-emissions in the Galactic halo near the edges of cold gas clouds of the Magellanic Stream. The source for the ionization of the cold gas is still a widely open question. In our paper we discuss the critical velocity effect as a possible explanation for the observed H\\alpha-emission. The critical velocity effect can yield a fast ionization of cold gas if this neutral gas passes through a magnetized plasma under suitable conditions. We show that for paramet...

  19. The critical velocity effect as a cause for the H\\alpha emission from the Magellanic stream

    Konz, C; Birk, G T; Wiechen, H


    Observations show significant H\\alpha-emissions in the Galactic halo near the edges of cold gas clouds of the Magellanic Stream. The source for the ionization of the cold gas is still a widely open question. In our paper we discuss the critical velocity effect as a possible explanation for the observed H\\alpha-emission. The critical velocity effect can yield a fast ionization of cold gas if this neutral gas passes through a magnetized plasma under suitable conditions. We show that for parameters that are typical for the Magellanic Stream the critical velocity effect has to be considered as a possible ionization source of high relevance.

  20. Investigating H$\\alpha$, UV, and IR star-formation rate diagnostics for a large sample of z ~ 2 galaxies

    Shivaei, Irene; Steidel, Charles C; Shapley, Alice E


    We use a sample of 262 spectroscopically confirmed star-forming galaxies at redshifts $2.08\\leq z\\leq 2.51$ to compare H$\\alpha$, UV, and IR star-formation-rate diagnostics and to investigate the dust properties of the galaxies. At these redshifts, the H$\\alpha$ line shifts to the $K_{s}$-band. By comparing $K_{s}$-band photometry to underlying stellar population model fits to other UV, optical, and near-infrared data, we infer the H$\\alpha$ flux for each galaxy. We obtain the best agreement between H$\\alpha$- and UV-based SFRs if we assume that the ionized gas and stellar continuum are reddened by the same value and that the Calzetti attenuation curve is applied to both. Aided with MIPS 24$\\mu$m data, we find that an attenuation curve steeper than the Calzetti curve is needed to reproduce the observed IR/UV ratios of galaxies younger than 100 Myr. Furthermore, using the bolometric star-formation rate inferred from the UV and mid-IR data (SFR$_{IR}$+SFR$_{UV}$), we calculated the conversion between the H$\\alp...

  1. Discovery of H-alpha Emission from the Close Companion Inside the Gap of Transitional Disk HD142527

    Close, L M; Males, J R; Puglisi, A; Xompero, M; Apai, D; Najita, J; Weinberger, A J; Morzinski, K; Rodigas, T J; Hinz, P; Bailey, V; Briguglio, R


    We utilized the new high-order 585 actuator Magellan Adaptive Optics system (MagAO) to obtain very high-resolution visible light images of HD142527 with MagAO's VisAO science camera. In the median seeing conditions of the 6.5m Magellan telescope (0.5-0.7"), we find MagAO delivers 24-19% Strehl at H-alpha (0.656 microns). We detect a faint companion (HD142527B) embedded in this young transitional disk system at just 86.3+/-1.9 mas (~12 AU) from the star. The companion is detected in both H-alpha and a continuum filter (Delta_mag=6.33+/-0.20 mag at H-alpha and 7.50+/-0.25 mag in the continuum filter). This provides confirmation of the tentative companion discovered by Biller and co-workers with sparse aperture masking at the 8m VLT. The H-alpha emission from the ~0.25 solar mass companion (EW=180 Angstroms) implies a mass accretion rate of ~5.9x10^-10 Msun/yr, and a total accretion luminosity of 1.2% Lsun. Assuming a similar accretion rate, we estimate that a 1 Jupiter mass gas giant could have considerably bet...

  2. Evidence of Planetesimal infall on to the very young Herbig Be star LkH$_\\alpha$234

    Chakraborty, A; Mahadevan, S


    We report here the first evidence for planetesimal infall onto the very young Herbig Be star LkH$_\\alpha$234. These results are based on observations acquired over 31 days using spectroscopy of the sodium D lines, the He I 5876\\AA, and hydrogen H$_\\alpha$ lines. We find Redshifted Absorption Components (RAC) with velocities up to 200 km/s and very mild Blueshifted Absorption Components (BEC) up to 100 km/s in the Na I lines. No correlation is observed between the appearance of the Na I RAC & BEC and the H$_\\alpha$ and He I line variability, which suggests that these (Na I RAC & BEC) are formed in a process unrelated to the circumstellar gas accretion. We interpret the Na I RAC as evidence for an infalling evaporating body, greater than 100 km in diameter, which is able to survive at distances between 2.0 to 0.1 AU from the star. The dramatic appearance of the sodium RAC and mild BEC is readily explained by the dynamics of this infalling body making LkH$_\\alpha$234 the youngest (age $\\sim$ 0.1 Myr) sys...

  3. H$\\alpha$ spectroscopy and multi-wavelength imaging of a solar flare caused by filament eruption

    Huang, Z; Koleva, K; Doyle, J G; Duchlev, P; Dechev, M; Reardon, K


    We study a sequence of eruptive events including filament eruption, a GOES C4.3 flare and a coronal mass ejection. We aim to identify the possible trigger(s) and precursor(s) of the filament destabilisation; investigate flare kernel characteristics; flare ribbons/kernels formation and evolution; study the interrelation of the filament-eruption/flare/coronal-mass-ejection phenomena as part of the integral active-region magnetic field configuration; determine H alpha line profile evolution during the eruptive phenomena. Multi-instrument observations are analysed including H$\\alpha$ line profiles, speckle images at H$\\alpha$-0.8 \\AA\\ and H$\\alpha$+0.8 \\AA\\ from IBIS at DST/NSO, EUV images and magnetograms from the SDO, coronagraph images from STEREO and the X-ray flux observations from FERMI and GOES. We establish that the filament destabilisation and eruption are the main trigger for the flaring activity. A surge-like event with a circular ribbon in one of the filament footpoints is determined as the possible t...

  4. H-alpha survey of low-mass satellites of the neighbouring galaxies M31 and M81

    Kaisin, S S


    Images have been obtained at the 6-m telescope at the Special Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) of the Russian Academy of Sciences in the H-alpha line and in the continuum for 20 dwarf spheroidal satellites of M31: And XI-And XXX, plus the distant Globular cluster Bol 520. Their star formation rates (FR) are estimated using the H-alpha flux and the ultraviolet FUV flux measured with the GALEX space telescope. Most of the dSph satellites of M31 have extremely low star formation rates with a characteristic upper limit of SFR~5x10^{-7}. We have made similar estimates of SFR from the H-alpha and FUV fluxes for 13 galaxies with low surface brightness recently discovered in the neighborhood of M81. Eleven of them are physical satellites of M81 with typical SFR< 5x10^{-5}. The median stellar masses of these satellites of M31 and M81 are 0.9 and 1.9 million solar masses, respectively. Our H-alpha observations place a 2-3 times stricter limit on the value of SFR than the data from the GALEX satellite, with a substant...

  5. The KPNO International Spectroscopic Survey. V. H-alpha-selected Survey List 3

    Jangren, A; Sarajedini, V L; Gronwall, C; Werk, J K; Chomiuk, L; Moody, J W; Boroson, T A; Jangren, Anna; Salzer, John J.; Sarajedini, Vicki L.; Gronwall, Caryl; Werk, Jessica K.; Chomiuk, Laura; Boroson, Todd A.


    The KPNO International Spectroscopic Survey (KISS) is an objective-prism survey designed to detect extragalactic emission-line objects. It combines many of the features of previous slitless spectroscopic surveys with the advantages of modern CCD detectors, and is the first purely digital objective-prism survey for emission-line galaxies (ELGs). Here we present the third list of ELG candidates selected from our red spectral data, which cover the wavelength range 6400 to 7200 A. In most cases, the detected emission line is H-alpha. The current survey list covers the region of the NOAO Deep Wide-Field Survey (NDWFS). This survey covers two fields; the first is 3 x 3 degrees square and located at RA = 14h 30m, DEC = 34.5 deg (B1950), the second is 2.3 x 4.0 degrees and centered at RA = 2h 7.5m, DEC = -4.75 deg. A total area of 19.65 deg^2 is covered by the KISS data. A total of 261 candidate emission-line objects have been selected for inclusion in the survey list (13.3 per deg^2). We tabulate accurate coordinate...

  6. Proper Motions of H-alpha filaments in the Supernova Remnant RCW 86

    Helder, E A; Bamba, A; Bleeker, J A M; Burrows, D N; Ghavamian, P; Yamazaki, R


    We present a proper motion study of the eastern shock-region of the supernova remnant RCW 86 (MSH 14-63, G315.4-2.3), based on optical observations carried out with VLT/FORS2 in 2007 and 2010. For both the northeastern and southeastern regions, we measure an average proper motion of H-alpha filaments of 0.10 +/- 0.02 arcsec/yr, corresponding to 1200 +/- 200 km/s at 2.5kpc. There is substantial variation in the derived proper motions, indicating shock velocities ranging from just below 700 km/s to above 2200 km/s. The optical proper motion is lower than the previously measured X-ray proper motion of northeastern region. The new measurements are consistent with the previously measured proton temperature of 2.3 +/- 0.3 keV, assuming no cosmic-ray acceleration. However, within the uncertainties, moderately efficient (< 27 per cent) shock acceleration is still possible. The combination of optical proper motion and proton temperature rule out the possibility that RCW 86 has a distance less than 1.5kpc. The simil...

  7. Star formation properties in the Local Volume galaxies via $H\\alpha$ and FUV fluxes

    Karachentsev, Igor D


    A distance-limited sample of 869 objects from the Updated Nearby Galaxy Catalog is used to characterize the star formation status of the Local Volume population. We present a compiled list of 1217 star formation rate (SFR) estimates for 802 galaxies within 11 Mpc from us, derived from the H-alpha imaging surveys and GALEX far-ultraviolet survey. We briefly discuss some basic scaling relations between SFR and luminosity, morphology, HI-mass, surface brightness, as well as environment of the galaxies. About 3/4 of our sample consist of dwarf galaxies, for which we offer a more refined classification. We note that the specific star formation rate of nearly all luminous and dwarf galaxies does not exceed the maximum value: $\\log(SFR/L_K) = -9.4$ [yr$^{-1}$]. The bulk of spiral and blue dwarf galaxies have enough time to generate their stellar mass during the cosmological time, $T_0$, with the observed SFRs. They dispose of a sufficient amount of gas to support their present SFRs over the next $T_0$ term. We note ...

  8. FUNDPAR: A program for Deriving Fundamental Parameters from Equivalent Widths

    C. Saffe


    Full Text Available Implementamos un programa en Fortran que determina parámetros fundamentales de estrellas de tipo solar, a partir de anchos equivalentes del Fe. La solución debe verificar tres condiciones en el método estándar: equilibrio de ionización, equilibrio de excitación e independencia entre abundancias y anchos equivalentes. Calculamos modelos de atmósfera de Kurucz con opacidades NEWODF. Detalles como el parámetro de longitud de mezcla, el sobre impulso convectivo, etc. se calculan con un programa independiente. FUNDPAR calcula las incertezas por dos métodos: el criterio de Gonzalez & Vanture (1998 y utilizando la función X² . Los resultados derivados con FUNDPAR están de acuerdo con determinaciones previas en la literatura. En particular obtuvimos parámetros fundamentales de 58 estrellas con exoplanetas. El programa está disponible en la red1.

  9. Graphs of Small Rank-width are Pivot-minors of Graphs of Small Tree-width

    Kwon, O-joung


    We prove that every graph of rank-width $k$ is a pivot-minor of a graph of tree-width at most $2k$. We also prove that graphs of rank-width at most 1, equivalently distance-hereditary graphs, are exactly vertex-minors of trees, and graphs of linear rank-width at most 1 are precisely vertex-minors of paths. In addition, we show that bipartite graphs of rank-width at most 1 are exactly pivot-minors of trees and bipartite graphs of linear rank-width at most 1 are precisely pivot-minors of paths.

  10. The most luminous H$\\alpha$ emitters at z~0.8-2.23 from HiZELS: evolution of AGN and star-forming galaxies

    Sobral, David; Best, Philip N; Smail, Ian; Harrison, Chris M; Stott, John; Calhau, João; Matthee, Jorryt


    We use new near-infrared spectroscopic observations to investigate the nature and evolution of the most luminous H\\alpha (Ha) emitters at z~0.8-2.23, which evolve strongly in number density over this period, and compare them to more typical Ha emitters. We study 59 luminous Ha emitters with $L_{H\\alpha}>L_{H\\alpha}^*$, roughly equally split per redshift slice at z~0.8, 1.47 and 2.23 from the HiZELS and CF-HiZELS surveys. We find that, overall, 30$\\pm$8% are AGN (80$\\pm$30% of these AGN are broad-line AGN, BL-AGN), and we find little to no evolution in the AGN fraction with redshift, within the errors. However, the AGN fraction increases strongly with Ha luminosity and correlates best with $L_{H\\alpha}/L_{H\\alpha}^*(z)$. While $L_{H\\alpha}80%), the most luminous Ha emitters ($L_{H\\alpha}>10L_{H\\alpha}^*(z)$) at any cosmic time are essentially all BL-AGN. Using our AGN-decontaminated sample of luminous star-forming galaxies, and integrating down to a fixed Ha luminosity, we find a factor of ~1300x evolution in ...

  11. Estimation of {sup 3}J{sub HN-H{alpha}} and {sup 3}J{sub H}{alpha}{sub -H{beta}} coupling constants from heteronuclear TOCSY spectra

    Pagano, Katiuscia; Fogolari, Federico, E-mail:; Corazza, Alessandra; Viglino, Paolo; Esposito, Gennaro [Universita di Udine, Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biomediche (Italy)


    {sup 3}J proton-proton coupling constants bear information on the intervening dihedral angles. Methods have been developed to derive this information from NMR spectra of proteins. Using series expansion of the time dependent density matrix, and exploiting the simple topology of amino acid spin-systems, formulae for estimation of {sup 3}J{sub HN-H{alpha}} and {sup 3}J{sub H}{alpha}{sub -H{beta}} from HSQC-TOCSY spectra are derived. The results obtained on a protein entailing both {alpha}-helix and {beta}-sheet secondary structure elements agree very well with J-coupling constants computed from the X-ray structure. The method compares well with existing methods and requires only 2D spectra which would be typically otherwise recorded for structural studies.

  12. High specific activity N-Acetyl-3{sup H}-{alpha}-Aspartyl- L-Glutamic at micro mole scale; Sintesis de N-Acetil-3{sup H}- {alpha} -Aspartil-Glutamico a escala de Micromoles

    Suarez, C.


    High specific activity N-Acetyl-3{sup H}- {alpha} -Aspartyl-I-Glutamic acid at micro mole scale in prepared acetylating L- {alpha} -Aspartyl-L-glutamic with 3{sup H}-acetic anhydride in re distilled toluene. The product le purified through cationic and anionic columns. The radiochemical purity as determined by thin-layer chromatography is greater then 99% at the time preparation. (Author) 5 refs.


    Wu, Y.-L.; Close, L. M.; Males, J. R.; Follette, K.; Morzinski, K.; Kopon, D.; Rodigas, T. J.; Hinz, P. [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Puglisi, A.; Esposito, S.; Pinna, E.; Riccardi, A.; Xompero, M.; Briguglio, R., E-mail: [INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, I-50125 Firenze (Italy)


    We utilize the new Magellan adaptive optics system (MagAO) to image the binary proplyd LV 1 in the Orion Trapezium at H{alpha}. This is among the first AO results in visible wavelengths. The H{alpha} image clearly shows the ionization fronts, the interproplyd shell, and the cometary tails. Our astrometric measurements find no significant relative motion between components over {approx}18 yr, implying that LV 1 is a low-mass system. We also analyze Large Binocular Telescope AO observations, and find a point source which may be the embedded protostar's photosphere in the continuum. Converting the H magnitudes to mass, we show that the LV 1 binary may consist of one very-low-mass star with a likely brown dwarf secondary, or even plausibly a double brown dwarf. Finally, the magnetopause of the minor proplyd is estimated to have a radius of 110 AU, consistent with the location of the bow shock seen in H{alpha}.

  14. Cosmic Star Formation Activity at z=2.2 Probed by H-alpha Emission Line Galaxies

    Tadaki, Ken-ichi; Koyama, Yusei; Hayashi, Masao; Tanaka, Ichi; Tokoku, Chihiro


    We present a pilot narrow-band survey of H-alpha emitters at z=2.2 in the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey North (GOODS-N) field with MOIRCS instrument on the Subaru telescope. The survey reached a 3 sigma limiting magnitude of 23.6 (NB209) which corresponds to a 3 sigma limiting line flux of 2.5 x 10^-17 erg s^-1 cm^-2 over a 56 arcmnin^2 contiguous area (excluding a shallower area). From this survey, we have identified 11 H-alpha emitters and one AGN at z=2.2 on the basis of narrow-band excesses and photometric redshifts. We obtained spectra for seven new objects among them, including one AGN, and an emission line above 3 sigma is detected from all of them. We have estimated star formation rates (SFR) and stellar masses (M_star) for individual galaxies. The average SFR and M_star is 27.8M_solar yr^-1 and 4.0 x 10^10M_solar, respectivly. Their specific star formation rates are inversely correlated with their stellar masses. Fitting to a Schechter function yields the H-alpha luminosity function with lo...

  15. The Second Data Release of the INT Photometric H\\alpha\\ Survey of the Northern Galactic Plane (IPHAS DR2)

    Barentsen, Geert; Drew, J E; González-Solares, E A; Greimel, R; Irwin, M J; Miszalski, B; Ruhland, C; Groot, P; Mampaso, A; Sale, S E; Henden, A A; Aungwerojwit, A; Barlow, M J; Carter, P J; Corradi, R L M; Drake, J J; Eislöffel, J; Fabregat, J; Gänsicke, B T; Fusillo, N P Gentile; Greiss, S; Hales, A S; Hodgkin, S; Huckvale, L; Irwin, J; King, R; Knigge, C; Kupfer, T; Lagadec, E; Lennon, D J; Lewis, J R; Mohr-Smith, M; Morris, R A H; Naylor, T; Parker, Q A; Phillipps, S; Pyrzas, S; Raddi, R; Roelofs, G H A; Rodríguez-Gil, P; Sabin, L; Scaringi, S; Steeghs, D; Suso, J; Tata, R; Unruh, Y C; van Roestel, J; Viironen, K; Vink, J S; Walton, N A; Wright, N J; Zijlstra, A A


    The INT/WFC Photometric H-Alpha Survey of the Northern Galactic Plane (IPHAS) is a 1800 square degrees imaging survey covering Galactic latitudes |b| < 5 deg and longitudes l = 30 to 215 deg in the r, i and H\\alpha\\ filters using the Wide Field Camera (WFC) on the 2.5-metre Isaac Newton Telescope (INT) in La Palma. We present the first quality-controlled and globally-calibrated source catalogue derived from the survey, providing single-epoch photometry for 219 million unique sources across 92% of the footprint. The observations were carried out between 2003 and 2012 at a median seeing of 1.1 arcsec (sampled at 0.33 arcsec/pixel) and to a mean 5\\sigma-depth of 21.2 (r), 20.0 (i) and 20.3 (H\\alpha) in the Vega magnitude system. We explain the data reduction and quality control procedures, describe and test the global re-calibration, and detail the construction of the new catalogue. We show that the new calibration is accurate to 0.03 mag (rms) and recommend a series of quality criteria to select the most rel...

  16. A catalogue of early-type emission-line stars and H{\\alpha} line profiles from LAMOST DR2

    Hou, Wen; Hu, Jingyao; Yang, Haifeng; Du, Changde; Liu, Chao; Lee, Chien-De; Lin, Chien-Cheng; Wang, Yuefei; Zhang, Yong; Cao, Zihuang; Hou, Yonghui


    We present a catalogue including 11,204 spectra for 10,436 early-type emission-line stars from LAMOST DR2, among which 9,752 early-type emission-line spectra are newly discovered. For these early-type emission-line stars, we discuss the morphological and physical properties from their low-resolution spectra. In this spectral sample, the H$\\alpha$ emission profiles display a wide variety of shapes. Based on the H$\\alpha$ line profiles, these spectra are categorized into five distinct classes: single-peak emission, single-peak emission in absorption, double-peak emission, double-peak emission in absorption, and P-Cygni profiles. To better understand what causes the H$\\alpha$ line profiles, we divide these objects into four types from the view of physical classification, which include classical Be stars, Herbig Ae/Be stars, close binaries and spectra contaminated by HII regions. The majority of Herbig Ae/Be stars and classical Be stars are identified and separated using the (H-K, K-W1) color-color diagram. We al...

  17. Stellar Populations and the Star Formation Histories of LSB Galaxies: I. Optical and H-alpha Imaging

    Schombert, James; McGaugh, Stacy


    This paper presents optical and H-alpha imaging for a large sample of LSB galaxies selected from the PSS-II catalogs (Schombert et. al 1992). As noted in previous work, LSB galaxies span a range of luminosities (-10 > M_V > -20) and sizes (0.3 kpc < R_V25 < 10 kpc), although they are consistent in their irregular morphology. Their H-alpha luminosities (L(H-alpha) range from 10^36 to 10^41 ergs s^-1 (corresponding to a range in star formation, using canonical prescriptions, from 10^-5 to 1 M_solar yr^-1). Although their optical colors are at the extreme blue edge for galaxies, they are similar to the colors of dwarf galaxies (van Zee 2001) and gas-rich irregulars (Hunter & Elmegreen 2006). However, their star formation rates per unit stellar mass are a factor of ten less than other galaxies of the same baryonic mass, indicating that they are not simply quiescent versions of more active star forming galaxies. This paper presents the data, reduction techniques and new philosophy of data storage and pre...

  18. Nature of H-alpha selected galaxies at z>2. II. Clumpy galaxies and compact star-forming galaxies

    Tadaki, Ken-ichi; Tanaka, Ichi; Hayashi, Masao; Koyama, Yusei; Shimakawa, Rhythm


    We present the morphological properties of 109 H\\alpha-selected galaxies at z>2 in SXDF-UDS-CANDELS field. With high-resolution optical/near-infrared images obtained by Hubble Space Telescope, we identify giant clumps within the H\\alpha emitters (HAEs). We find that at least 41% of our sample show clumpy structures in the underlying disks. The color gradient of clumps is commonly seen in the sense that the clumps near the galactic center tend to be redder than those in the outer regions. The mid-infrared detection in galaxies with red clumps and the spatial distribution of H\\alpha emission suggest that dusty star-formation activity is probably occurring in the nuclear red clumps. A gas supply to a bulge component through the clump migration is one of the most potent physical processes to produce such dusty star-forming clumps and form massive bulges in local early-type galaxies. They would become large quiescent galaxies at later times just by consumption or blowout of remaining gas. Also, while most of the H...

  19. Integral Field Spectroscopy based H\\alpha\\ sizes of local Luminous and Ultraluminous Infrared Galaxies. A Direct Comparison with high-z Massive Star Forming Galaxies

    Arribas, S; Alonso-Herrero, A; Rosales-Ortega, F F; Monreal-Ibero, A; García-Marín, M; García-Burillo, S; Rodríguez-Zaurín, J


    Aims. We study the analogy between local U/LIRGs and high-z massive SFGs by comparing basic H{\\alpha} structural characteristics, like size, luminosity and Star Formation Rate (SFR) surface density, in an homogeneous way (i.e. same tracer and size definition, similar physical scales). Methods. We use Integral Field Spectroscopy based H{\\alpha} emission maps for a representative sample of 54 local U/LIRGs (66 galaxies). From this initial sample we select 26 objects with H{\\alpha} luminosities (L(H{\\alpha})) similar to those of massive (i.e. M\\ast \\sim 10^10 M\\odot or larger) SFGs at z \\sim 2, and probing similar physical scales. Results. The sizes of the H{\\alpha} emitting region in the sample of local U/LIRGs span a large range, with r1/2(H{\\alpha}) from 0.2 to 7 kpc. However, about 2/3 of local U/LIRGs with Lir > 10^11.4 L\\odot have compact H{\\alpha} emission (i.e. r1/2 2 kpc). These are systems showing pre-coalescence merger activity and they are indistinguishable from the massive high-z SFGs galaxies in t...

  20. Equivalent Equilibria.

    Kandori, Michihiro


    This paper provides a way to formulate a general equilibrium model with both infinite time horizon and continuous uncertainty by, and provides a si mple proof of the equiva-lence of equilibria in complete markets, inc omplete markets with sequential trading, and incomplete markets with one-shot trades in single consumer economies. The proof is general in the sense that it does not assume time-homogeneous structure nor smo othness of preferences. The result guarantees that one can avoi...

  1. Narrow Width Pentaquarks

    Buccella, F.; Sorba, P.

    A general study of pentaquarks built with four quarks in a L=1 state and an antiquark in S-wave shows that several of such states are forbidden by a selection rule, which holds in the limit of flavor symmetry, to decay into a baryon and a meson final state. We identify the most promising /line{10} multiplet for the classification of the Θ+ and Ξ-- particles recently discovered with the prediction of a narrow width for both of them.

  2. Narrow width pentaquarks

    Buccella, F


    A general study of pentaquarks built with four quarks in a L=1 state and an antiquark in S-wave shows that several of such states are forbidden by a selection rule, which holds in the limit of flavour symmetry, to decay into a baryon and a meson final state. We identify the most promising \\bar{10} multiplet for the classification of the Theta^+ and Xi^{--} particles recently discovered with the prediction of a narrow width for both of them.

  3. Resonances and resonance widths

    Two-dimensional betatron resonances are much more important than their simple one-dimensional counterparts and exhibit a strong dependence on the betatron phase advance per cell. A practical definition of ''width'' is expanded upon in order to display these relations in tables. A primarily pedagogical introduction is given to explain the tables, and also to encourage a wider capability for deriving resonance behavior and wider use of ''designer'' resonances

  4. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for in-cylinder equivalence ratio measurements in laser-ignited natural gas engines.

    Joshi, Sachin; Olsen, Daniel B; Dumitrescu, Cosmin; Puzinauskas, Paulius V; Yalin, Azer P


    In this contribution we present the first demonstration of simultaneous use of laser sparks for engine ignition and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) measurements of in-cylinder equivalence ratios. A 1064 nm neodynium yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser beam is used with an optical spark plug to ignite a single cylinder natural gas engine. The optical emission from the combustion initiating laser spark is collected through the optical spark plug and cycle-by-cycle spectra are analyzed for H(alpha)(656 nm), O(777 nm), and N(742 nm, 744 nm, and 746 nm) neutral atomic lines. The line area ratios of H(alpha)/O(777), H(alpha)/N(746), and H(alpha)/N(tot) (where N(tot) is the sum of areas of the aforementioned N lines) are correlated with equivalence ratios measured by a wide band universal exhaust gas oxygen (UEGO) sensor. Experiments are performed for input laser energy levels of 21 mJ and 26 mJ, compression ratios of 9 and 11, and equivalence ratios between 0.6 and 0.95. The results show a linear correlation (R(2) > 0.99) of line intensity ratio with equivalence ratio, thereby suggesting an engine diagnostic method for cylinder resolved equivalence ratio measurements. PMID:19470212

  5. Multiwavelength Signatures of Magnetic Activity from Young Stellar Objects in the LkH\\alpha101 Cluster

    Osten, R. A.; Wolk, S. J.


    [abridged] We describe the results of our multi-wavelength observing campaign on the young stellar objects in the LkH$\\alpha$101 cluster. Our simultaneous X-ray and multi-frequency radio observations are unique in providing simultaneous constraints on short-timescale variability at both wavelengths as well as constraints on the thermal or nonthermal nature of radio emission from young stars. Focussing in on radio-emitting objects and the multi-wavelength data obtained for them, we find that m...

  6. WHAM Observations of $H-\\alpha$, [S II], and [N II] toward the Orion and Perseus Arms Probing the Physical Conditions of the Warm Ionized Medium

    Haffner, L M; Tufte, S L


    A large portion of the Galaxy (l = 123 deg to 164 deg, b = -6 deg to -35 deg), which samples regions of the Local (Orion) spiral arm and the more distant Perseus arm, has been mapped with the Wisconsin H-Alpha Mapper (WHAM) in the H-Alpha, [S II] 6716, and [N II] 6583 lines. Several trends noticed in emission-line investigations of diffuse gas in other galaxies are confirmed in the Milky Way and extended to much fainter emission. We find that the [S II]/H-Alpha and [N II]/H-Alpha ratios increase as absolute H-Alpha intensities decrease. For the more distant Perseus arm emission, the increase in these ratios is a strong function of Galactic latitude and thus, of height above the Galactic plane. The [S II]/[N II] ratio is relatively independent of H-Alpha intensity. Scatter in this ratio appears to be physically significant, and maps of it suggest regions with similar ratios are spatially correlated. The Perseus arm [S II]/[N II] ratio is systematically lower than Local emission by 10%--20%. With [S II]/[N II] ...

  7. Level Width Broaden Effect

    ZHANG Jing-Shang


    In fitting the double-differential measurements thelevelwidth broadening effect should be taken into account properly due to Heisenberg uncertainty.Besides level width broadening effect the energy resolution in the measurements is also needed in this procedure.In general,the traditional normal Gaussian expansion is employed.However,the research indicates that to do so in this way the energy balance could not hold.For this reason,the deformed Gaussian expansion functions with exponential form for both the single energy point and continuous spectrum are introduced,with which the normalization and energy balance conditions could hold exactly in the analytical form.

  8. Using MHD simulations to model H-alpha and UV spectral lines for interpretation of IRIS and NST data

    Sadykov, Viacheslav M


    We present results of non-LTE modeling of H-alpha 6563 A and Mg II k&h 2796 A and 2803 A lines. This modeling is important for interpretation of coordinated observations from the recently launched NASA's IRIS mission and from the New Solar Telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory. Among available codes for the non-LTE modeling, the RH code is chosen as the most appropriate for modeling of the line profiles. The most suitable Hydrogen and Magnesium atomic models are selected by performing several tests of the code. The influence of the ionization degree on the line profiles is also studied. Radiative-MHD simulations of the solar atmosphere, obtained with the Bifrost code, are used as input data for calculation of synthetic spectra of the H-alpha and Mg II h&k lines for particular locations evolving with time. The spectral line variations reveal the presence of MHD waves in the simulation results. We construct oscillation power spectra of the line intensity for different wavelength, and compare these wit...

  9. Artificial neural network based calibrations for the prediction of galactic [NII] $\\lambda$ 6584 and H$\\alpha$ line luminosities

    Teimoorinia, Hossein


    The artificial neural network (ANN) is a well-established mathematical technique for data prediction, based on the identification of correlations and pattern recognition in input training sets. We present the application of ANNs to predict the emission line luminosities of H$\\alpha$ and [NII] $\\lambda$6584 in galaxies. These important spectral diagnostics are used for metallicities, active galactic nuclei (AGN) classification and star formation rates, yet are shifted into the infra-red for galaxies above $z \\sim 0.5$, or may not be covered in spectra with limited wavelength coverage. The ANN is trained with a large sample of emission line galaxies selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey using various combinations of emission lines and stellar mass. The ANN is tested for galaxies dominated by both star formation and AGN; in both cases the H$\\alpha$ and [NII] $\\lambda$6584 line luminosities can be predicted with a scatter $\\sigma <$ 0.1 dex. We also show that the performance of the ANN does not depend sig...

  10. Heavily Reddened z~2 Type 1 Quasars II: H-alpha Star Formation Constraints from SINFONI IFU Observations

    Alaghband-Zadeh, Susannah; Hewett, Paul C; McMahon, Richard G


    We use near infrared integral field unit (IFU) spectroscopy to search for H$\\alpha$ emission associated with star formation in a sample of 28 heavily reddened ($E(B-V)\\simeq$0.5-1.9), hyperluminous ($log(L_{bol}/ergs^{-1})\\simeq$47-48) broad-line quasars at $z\\simeq$1.4-2.7. Sixteen of the 28 quasars show evidence for star formation with an average extinction-corrected star formation rate (SFR) of 320$\\pm$70M$_\\odot$yr$^{-1}$. A stacked spectrum of the detections shows weak [NII], consistent with star formation as the origin of the narrow H$\\alpha$ emission. The star-forming regions are spatially unresolved in 11 of the 16 detections and constrained to lie within $\\sim$6kpc of the quasar emission. In the five resolved detections we find the star-forming regions are extended on scales of $\\sim$8kpc around the quasar emission. The prevalence of high SFRs is consistent with the identification of the heavily reddened quasar population as representing a transitional phase from apparent `starburst galaxies' to opti...

  11. Multi-epoch Spectroscopy of Dwarf Galaxies with AGN Signatures: Identifying Sources with Persistent Broad H-alpha Emission

    Baldassare, Vivienne F; Gallo, Elena; Greene, Jenny E; Graur, Or; Geha, Marla; Hainline, Kevin; Carroll, Christopher M; Hickox, Ryan C


    We use time-domain optical spectroscopy to distinguish between broad emission lines powered by accreting black holes (BHs) or stellar processes (i.e., supernovae) for 16 galaxies identified as AGN candidates by Reines et al. (2013). 14 of these have star-formation--dominated narrow-line emission ratios, one is a narrow-line AGN, and the last is a star-forming--AGN composite. We find that broad H$\\alpha$ emission has faded for 11/16 targets, based on spectra taken with the Magellan Echellette Spectrograph (MagE), the Dual Imaging Spectrograph, and the Ohio State Multi-Object Spectrograph with baselines ranging from 5 to 14 years. The 11 faded systems all have narrow-line ratios consistent with recent star formation, suggesting the broad emission for those targets was produced by a transient stellar process. The two objects with narrow-line AGN signatures (RGG 9 and RGG 119) have persistent broad H$\\alpha$ emission consistent with previous SDSS observations. The final three star-forming objects are classified a...

  12. Full-disk Synoptic Observations of the Chromosphere Using H$_{\\alpha}$ Telescope at the Kodaikanal Observatory

    Ravindra, B; Rangarajan, K E; Bagare, S P; Jagdev, Singh; Kemkar, P M M; Lancelot, J P; Thulasidharen, K C; Gabriel, F; Selvendran, R


    This paper reports on the installation and observations of a new solar telescope installed on 7th October, 2014 at the Kodaikanal Observatory. The telescope is a refractive type equipped with a tunable Lyot H$_{\\alpha}$ filter. A CCD camera of 2k$\\times$2k size makes the image of the Sun with a pixel size of 1.21$^{\\prime\\prime}$ pixel$^{-1}$ with a full field-of-view of 41$^{\\prime}$. The telescope is equipped with a guiding system which keeps the image of the Sun within a few pixels throughout the observations. The FWHM of the Lyot filter is 0.4\\AA~and the filter is motorized, capable of scanning the H$_{\\alpha}$ line profile at a smaller step size of 0.01\\AA. Partial-disk imaging covering about 10$^{\\prime}$, is also possible with the help of a relay lens kept in front of the CCD camera. In this paper, we report the detailed specifications of the telescope, filter unit, its installation, observations and the procedures we have followed to calibrate and align the data. We also present preliminary results wi...


    Metzger, Brian D. [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Peyton Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08542 (United States); Kaplan, David L. [Physics Department, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53211 (United States); Berger, Edo, E-mail:, E-mail:, E-mail: [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)


    Identifying the electromagnetic counterparts of gravitational wave (GW) sources detected by upcoming networks of advanced ground-based interferometers will be challenging, due in part to the large number of unrelated astrophysical transients within the {approx}10-100 deg{sup 2} sky localizations. A potential way to greatly reduce the number of such false positives is to limit detailed follow-up to only those candidates near galaxies within the GW sensitivity range of {approx}200 Mpc for binary neutron star mergers. Such a strategy is currently hindered by the fact that galaxy catalogs are grossly incomplete within this volume. Here, we compare two methods for completing the local galaxy catalog: (1) a narrowband H{alpha} imaging survey and (2) an H I emission line radio survey. Using H{alpha} fluxes, stellar masses (M {sub *}), and star formation rates (SFRs) from galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), combined with H I data from the GALEX Arecibo SDSS Survey and the Herschel Reference Survey, we estimate that an H{alpha} survey with a luminosity sensitivity of L {sub H{alpha}} = 10{sup 40} erg s{sup -1} at 200 Mpc could achieve a completeness of f {sup H{alpha}} {sub SFR} Almost-Equal-To 75% with respect to total SFR, but only f{sub M* Star-Operator }{sup H{alpha}} approx. 33% with respect to M {sub *} (due to lack of sensitivity to early-type galaxies). These numbers are significantly lower than those achieved by an idealized spectroscopic survey due to the loss of H{alpha} flux resulting from resolving out nearby galaxies and the inability to correct for the underlying stellar continuum. An H I survey with sensitivity similar to the proposed WALLABY survey on ASKAP could achieve f{sub SFR}{sup H{sub I}} Almost-Equal-To 80% and f{sub M Star-Operator }{sup H{sub I}} Almost-Equal-To 50%, somewhat higher than that of the H{alpha} survey. Finally, both H{alpha} and H I surveys should achieve {approx}> 50% completeness with respect to the host galaxies of

  14. Protoplanetary Disks in the Orion Nebula An H$\\alpha$ Fabry-Perot study and Astrobiological Aspects

    De la Fuente-Acosta, E; Arias, L; Throop, H B; Ambrocio-Cruz, P; Fuente, Eduardo de la; Rosado, Margarita; Arias, Lorena; Throop, Patricia Ambrocio-Cruz & Henry B.


    In this paper, we present a briefly overview of the protoplanetary disks in the Orion Nebula, incluiding some astrobiological aspects and an H$\\alpha$ Fabry-Perot study of 16 of them. We found that Fabry-Perot interferometry constitutes an effective technique for the detection of proplyds. We also report heliocentric systemic velocities for the proplyds 82-336, 158-323, 158-326, 159-350, 161-314, 161-324, 163-317, 166-316, 167-317, 168-326, 170-337, 176-325, 177-341, 180-331, 197-427 and 244-440. The velocities were measured between 22-38 km s$^{-1}$.

  15. SDSS J083253.18+064316.7: one strange object with double-peaked narrow H\\alpha but single-peaked narrow H\\beta

    Zhang, XueGuang


    In this letter, we firstly report one unique object SDSS J0832+0643 with particular features of narrow balmer emission lines: double-peaked narrow H\\alpha but single-peaked narrow H\\beta. The particular features can not be expected by currently proposed kinematic models for double-peaked narrow emission lines, because the proposed kinematic models lead to similar line profiles of narrow balmer emission lines. However, due to radiative transfer effects, the non-kinematic model can be naturally applied to well explain the particular features of narrow balmer emission lines: larger optical depth in H\\alpha than 10 leads to observed double-peaked narrow H\\alpha, but smaller optical depth in H\\beta around 2 leads to observed single-peaked narrow H\\beta. Therefore, SDSS J0832+0643 can be used as strong evidence to support the non-kinematic model for double-peaked narrow emission lines.

  16. The role of cluster mergers and travelling shocks in shaping the H$\\alpha$ luminosity function at $\\bf z\\sim0.2$: `sausage' and `toothbrush' clusters

    Stroe, Andra; Röttgering, Huub J A; van Weeren, Reinout J


    The most extreme cluster mergers can lead to massive cluster-wide travelling shock waves. The CIZA J2242.8+5301 ('sausage') and 1RXS J0603.3+4213 (`toothbrush') clusters ($z\\sim0.2$) host enormous radio-emitting shocks with simple geometry. We investigate the role of mergers and shocks in shaping the H$\\alpha$ luminosity function, using custom-made narrow-band filters matching the cluster redshifts mounted on the INT. We surveyed $\\sim0.28$ deg$^2$ for each cluster and found $181$ line emitters in the `sausage' (volume of $3.371\\times10^3$ Mpc$^3$ for H$\\alpha$ at $z=0.1945$) and $141$ in the `toothbrush' ($4.546\\times10^3$ Mpc$^3$ for H$\\alpha$ at $z=0.225$), out of which $49$ (`sausage') and $30$ (`toothbrush') are expected to be H$\\alpha$. We build luminosity functions for the field-of-view down to an average limiting star formation rate of $0.14$ M$_{\\odot}$ yr$^{-1}$, find good agreement with field luminosity functions at $z=0.2$, but significant differences between the shapes of the luminosity functions...

  17. The MOSDEF Survey: Dissecting the star-formation rate vs. stellar mass relation using H$\\alpha$ and H$\\beta$ emission lines at z ~ 2

    Shivaei, Irene; Shapley, Alice E; Kriek, Mariska; Siana, Brian; Mobasher, Bahram; Coil, Alison L; Freeman, William R; Sanders, Ryan; Price, Sedona H; de Groot, Laura; Azadi, Mojegan


    We present results on the SFR-$M_*$ relation (i.e., the "main sequence") among star-forming galaxies at $1.37\\leq z \\leq2.61$ using the MOSFIRE Deep Evolution Field (MOSDEF) survey. Based on a sample of 261 star-forming galaxies with observations of H$\\alpha$ and H$\\beta$ emission lines, we have estimated robust dust-corrected instantaneous star-formation rates (SFRs) over a large dynamic range in stellar mass ($\\sim 10^{9.0}-10^{11.5}M_\\odot$). We find a tight correlation between SFR(H$\\alpha$) and $M_*$ with an intrinsic scatter of 0.36 dex, 0.05 dex larger than that of UV-based SFRs. This increased scatter is consistent with predictions from numerical simulations of 0.03 - 0.1 dex, and is attributed to H$\\alpha$ more accurately tracing SFR variations. The slope of the $\\log(\\text{SFR})-\\log(M_*)$ relation, using SFR(H$\\alpha$), at $1.4< z<2.6$ and over the stellar mass range of $10^{9.5}$ to $10^{11.5}M_\\odot$ is $0.65\\pm 0.09$. We find that different assumptions for the dust correction, such as usin...

  18. H$\\alpha$ Velocity Fields and Galaxy Interaction in the Quartet of Galaxies NGC 7769, 7770, 7771 and 7771A

    A. A. Yeghiazaryan; T. A. Nazaryan; A. A. Hakobyan


    The quartet of galaxies NGC 7769, 7770, 7771 and 7771A is a system of interacting galaxies. Close interaction between galaxies caused characteristic morphological features: tidal arms and bars, as well as an induced star formation. In this study, we performed the Fabry–Perot scanning interferometry of the system in H\\alpha line and studied the velocity fields of the galaxies. We found that the rotation curve of NGC 7769 is weakly distorted. The rotation curve of NGC 7771 is strongly distorted with the tidal arms caused by direct flyby of NGC 7769 and flyby of a smaller neighbor NGC 7770. The rotation curve of NGC 7770 is significantly skewed because of the interaction with the much massive NGC 7771. The rotation curves and morphological disturbances suggest that the NGC 7769 and NGC 7771 have passed the first pericenter stage, however, probably the second encounter has not happened yet. Profiles of surface brightness of NGC 7769 have a characteristic break, and profiles of color indices have a minimum at a radius of intensive star formation induced by the interaction with NGC 7771.

  19. SMA observations towards the compact, short-lived bipolar water maser outflow in the LkH{\\alpha} 234 region

    Girart, J M; Estalella, R; Curiel, S; Anglada, G; Gómez, J F; Carrasco-González, C; Cantó, J; Rodríguez, L F; Patel, N A; Trinidad, M A


    We present Submillimeter Array (SMA) 1.35 mm subarcsecond angular resolution observations toward the LkH{\\alpha} 234 intermediate-mass star-forming region. The dust emission arises from a filamentary structure of $\\sim$5 arcsec ($\\sim$4500 au) enclosing VLA 1-3 and MM 1, perpendicular to the different outflows detected in the region. The most evolved objects are located at the southeastern edge of the dust filamentary structure and the youngest ones at the northeastern edge. The circumstellar structures around VLA 1, VLA 3, and MM 1 have radii between $\\sim$200 and $\\sim$375 au and masses in the $\\sim$0.08-0.3 M$_{\\odot}$ range. The 1.35 mm emission of VLA 2 arises from an unresolved (r$< 135$ au) circumstellar disk with a mass of $\\sim$0.02 M$_{\\odot}$. This source is powering a compact ($\\sim$4000 au), low radial velocity ($\\sim$7 km s$^{-1}$) SiO bipolar outflow, close to the plane of the sky. We conclude that this outflow is the "large-scale" counterpart of the short-lived, episodic, bipolar outflow ob...

  20. Probabilistic Analysis of Crack Width

    J. Marková


    Full Text Available Probabilistic analysis of crack width of a reinforced concrete element is based on the formulas accepted in Eurocode 2 and European Model Code 90. Obtained values of reliability index b seem to be satisfactory for the reinforced concrete slab that fulfils requirements for the crack width specified in Eurocode 2. However, the reliability of the slab seems to be insufficient when the European Model Code 90 is considered; reliability index is less than recommended value 1.5 for serviceability limit states indicated in Eurocode 1. Analysis of sensitivity factors of basic variables enables to find out variables significantly affecting the total crack width.

  1. A deterministic width function model

    C. E. Puente


    Full Text Available Use of a deterministic fractal-multifractal (FM geometric method to model width functions of natural river networks, as derived distributions of simple multifractal measures via fractal interpolating functions, is reported. It is first demonstrated that the FM procedure may be used to simulate natural width functions, preserving their most relevant features like their overall shape and texture and their observed power-law scaling on their power spectra. It is then shown, via two natural river networks (Racoon and Brushy creeks in the United States, that the FM approach may also be used to closely approximate existing width functions.


    Andersen, David R. [NRC Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, 5071 W Saanich Road, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada); Bershady, Matthew A., E-mail:, E-mail: [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, 475 N Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)


    Using the integral field unit DensePak on the WIYN 3.5 m telescope we have obtained H{alpha} velocity fields of 39 nearly face-on disks at echelle resolutions. High-quality, uniform kinematic data and a new modeling technique enabled us to derive accurate and precise kinematic inclinations with mean i{sub kin} = 23 Degree-Sign for 90% of these galaxies. Modeling the kinematic data as single, inclined disks in circular rotation improves upon the traditional tilted-ring method. We measure kinematic inclinations with a precision in sin i of 25% at 20 Degree-Sign and 6% at 30 Degree-Sign . Kinematic inclinations are consistent with photometric and inverse Tully-Fisher inclinations when the sample is culled of galaxies with kinematic asymmetries, for which we give two specific prescriptions. Kinematic inclinations can therefore be used in statistical ''face-on'' Tully-Fisher studies. A weighted combination of multiple, independent inclination measurements yield the most precise and accurate inclination. Combining inverse Tully-Fisher inclinations with kinematic inclinations yields joint probability inclinations with a precision in sin i of 10% at 15 Degree-Sign and 5% at 30 Degree-Sign . This level of precision makes accurate mass decompositions of galaxies possible even at low inclination. We find scaling relations between rotation speed and disk-scale length identical to results from more inclined samples. We also observe the trend of more steeply rising rotation curves with increased rotation speed and light concentration. This trend appears to be uncorrelated with disk surface brightness.

  3. The RINGS Survey: High-Resolution H-alpha Velocity Fields of Nearby Spiral Galaxies with the SALT Fabry-Perot

    Mitchell, Carl J; Williams, T B; Spekkens, Kristine; Lee-Waddell, K; de Naray, Rachel Kuzio


    We have obtained high-spatial-resolution spectrophotometric data on several nearby spiral galaxies with the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) Fabry-P\\'erot interferometer on the Robert Stobie Spectrograph (RSS) as a part of the RSS Imaging spectroscopy Nearby Galaxy Survey (RINGS). We have successfully reduced two tracks of Fabry-P\\'erot data for the galaxy NGC 2280 to produce a velocity field of the H-alpha line of excited hydrogen. We have modeled these data with the DiskFit modeling software and found these models to be in excellent agreement both with previous measurements in the literature and with our lower-resolution HI velocity field of the same galaxy. Despite this good agreement, small regions exist where the difference between the H-alpha and HI velocities is larger than would be expected from typical dispersions. We investigate these regions of high velocity difference and offer possible explanations for their existence.

  4. H-alpha Variability in PTFO8-8695 and the Possible Direct Detection of Emission from a 2 Million Year Old Evaporating Hot Jupiter

    Johns-Krull, Christopher M; McLane, Jacob N; Ciardi, David R; van Eyken, Julian C; Chen, Wei; Stauffer, John R; Beichman, Charles A; Frazier, Sarah A; Boden, Andrew F; Morales-Calderon, Maria; Rebull, Luisa M


    We use high time cadence, high spectral resolution optical observations to detect excess H-alpha emission from the 2 - 3 Myr old weak lined T Tauri star PTFO8-8695. This excess emission appears to move in velocity as expected if it were produced by the suspected planetary companion to this young star. The excess emission is not always present, but when it is, the predicted velocity motion is often observed. We have considered the possibility that the observed excess emission is produced by stellar activity (flares), accretion from a disk, or a planetary companion; we find the planetary companion to be the most likely explanation. If this is the case, the strength of the H-alpha line indicates that the emission comes from an extended volume around the planet, likely fed by mass loss from the planet which is expected to be overflowing its Roche lobe.

  5. Development of an Advanced Automated Method for Solar Filament Recognition and Its Scientific Application to a Solar Cycle of MLSO H\\alpha\\ Data

    Hao, Qi; Fang, Cheng; Chen, P. F.


    We developed a method to automatically detect and trace solar filaments in H\\alpha\\ full-disk images. The program is able not only to recognize filaments and determine their properties, such as the position, the area, the spine, and other relevant parameters, but also to trace the daily evolution of the filaments. The program consists of three steps: First, preprocessing is applied to correct the original images; Second, the Canny edge-detection method is used to detect filaments; Third, fila...

  6. Star formation, extinction and metallicity at 0.7H-alpha fluxes and sizes from a grism survey of GOODS-N

    Weiner, Benjamin


    The global star formation rate {SFR} is 10x higher at z=1 than today. This could be due to drastically elevated SFR in some fraction of galaxies, such as mergers with central bursts, or a higher SFR across the board. Either means that the conditions in z=1 star forming galaxies could be quite different from local objects. The next step beyond measuring the global SFR is to determine the dependence of SFR, obscuration, metallicity, and size of the star-forming region on galaxy mass and redshift. However, SFR indicators at z=1 typically apply local calibrations for UV, [O II] and far-IR, and do not agree with each other on a galaxy-by-galaxy basis. Extinction, metallicity, and dust properties cause uncontrolled offsets in SFR calibrations. The great missing link is Balmer H-alpha, the most sensitive probe of SFR. We propose a slitless WFC3/G141 IR grism survey of GOODS-N, at 2 orbits/pointing. It will detect Ha+[N II] emission from 0.7 600 galaxies, and a small number of higher-redshift emitters. This will produce: an emission-line redshift survey unbiased by magnitude and color selection; star formation rates as a function of galaxy properties, e.g. stellar mass and morphology/mergers measured by ACS; comparisons of SFRs from H-alpha to UV and far-IR indicators; calibrations of line ratios of H-alpha to important nebular lines such as [O II] and H-beta, measuring variations in metallicity and extinction and their effect on SFR estimates; and the first measurement of scale lengths of the H-alpha emitting, star-forming region in a large sample of z 1 sources.

  7. Politico-economic equivalence

    Gonzalez Eiras, Martin; Niepelt, Dirk


    Traditional "economic equivalence'' results, like the Ricardian equivalence proposition, define equivalence classes over exogenous policies. We derive "politico-economic equivalence" conditions that apply in environments where policy is endogenous and chosen sequentially. A policy regime and a...... state are equivalent to another such pair if both pairs give rise to the same allocation in politico-economic equilibrium. The equivalence conditions help to identify factors that render institutional change non-neutral and to construct politico-economic equilibria in new policy regimes. We exemplify...

  8. Biological width: No violation zone

    Ashu Sharma


    Full Text Available Maintenance of gingival health is one of the keys for the longevity of teeth, as well as for the longevity of restorations. The concept of Biologic width has been widely described by periodontists and restorative dentists. An adequate understanding of relationship between periodontal tissues and restorative dentistry is paramount to ensure adequate form, function and esthetics, and comfort of the dentition. While most clinicians are aware of this important relationship, uncertainty remains regarding specific concepts such as biologic width and indications and applications of surgical crown lengthening. These violations lead to complications like gingival inflammation, alveolar bone loss and improper fit of the restorative component. This review gives the wide aspect of the complex question of biologic width and represents an attempt to answer some of the demands in relation to it. The article also discusses the possible methods to assess biologic width, problems that occur after improper margin placement in the periodontium and the alternative procedures for prevention of biological width violation.

  9. The Subaru FMOS Galaxy Redshift Survey (FastSound). I. Overview of the Survey Targeting on H$\\alpha$ Emitters at $z \\sim 1.4$

    Tonegawa, Motonari; Okada, Hiroyuki; Akiyama, Masayuki; Dalton, Gavin; Glazebrook, Karl; Iwamuro, Fumihide; Maihara, Toshinori; Ohta, Kouji; Shimizu, Ikkoh; Takato, Naruhisa; Tamura, Naoyuki; Yabe, Kiyoto; Bunker, Andrew J; Coupon, Jean; Ferreira, Pedro G; Frenk, Carlos S; Goto, Tomotsugu; Hikage, Chiaki; Ishikawa, Takashi; Matsubara, Takahiko; More, Surhud; Okumura, Teppei; Percival, Will J; Spitler, Lee R; Szapudi, Istvan


    FastSound is a galaxy redshift survey using the near-infrared Fiber Multi-Object Spectrograph (FMOS) mounted on the Subaru Telescope, targeting H$\\alpha$ emitters at $z \\sim 1.18$--$1.54$ down to the sensitivity limit of H$\\alpha$ flux $\\sim 2 \\times 10^{-16} \\ \\rm erg \\ cm^{-2} s^{-1}$. The primary goal of the survey is to detect redshift space distortions (RSD), to test General Relativity by measuring the growth rate of large scale structure and to constrain modified gravity models for the origin of the accelerated expansion of the universe. The target galaxies were selected based on photometric redshifts and H$\\alpha$ flux estimates calculated by fitting spectral energy distribution (SED) models to the five optical magnitudes of the Canada France Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey (CFHTLS) Wide catalog. The survey started in March 2012, and all the observations were completed in July 2014. In total, we achieved $121$ pointings of FMOS (each pointing has a $30$ arcmin diameter circular footprint) covering $20.6...

  10. On the properties of galaxies at the faint-end of the H$\\alpha$ luminosity function at $z\\sim0.62$

    Gómez-Guijarro, Carlos; Villar, Víctor; Rodríguez-Muñoz, Lucía; Clément, Benjamin; Cuby, Jean-Gabriel


    Studies measuring the star formation rate density, luminosity function and properties of star-forming galaxies are numerous. However, it exists a gap at $0.5H$\\alpha$-based studies. Our main goal is to study the properties of a sample of faint H$\\alpha$ emitters at $z\\sim0.62$. We focus on their contribution to the faint-end of the luminosity function and derived star formation rate density, characterising their morphologies and basic photometric and spectroscopic properties. We use a narrow-band technique in the near-infrared, with a filter centered at 1.06 $\\mu$m. The data come from ultra-deep VLT/HAWK-I observations in the GOODS-S field with a total of 31.9 h in the narrow-band filter. We perform a visual classification of the sample and study their morphologies from structural parameters available in CANDELS. Our 28 H$\\alpha$-selected sample of faint star-forming galaxies reveals a robust faint-end slope of the luminosity function $\\alpha=-1.46_{-0.08}^{+0.16}$. The derived star formation...

  11. X-radiation /E greater than 10 keV/, H-alpha and microwave emission during the impulsive phase of solar flares.

    Vorpahl, J. A.


    A study has been made of the variation in hard (E greater than 10 keV) X-radiation, H-alpha and microwave emission during the impulsive phase of solar flares. Analysis shows that the rise-time in the 20-30-keV X-ray spike depends on the electron hardness. The impulsive phase is also marked by an abrupt, very intense increase in H-alpha emission in one or more knots of the flare. Properties of these H-alpha kernels include: (1) a luminosity several times greater than the surrounding flare, (2) an intensity rise starting about 20-30 sec before, peaking about 20-25 sec after, and lasting about twice as long as the hard spike, (3) a location lower in the chromosphere than the remaining flare, (4) essentially no expansion prior to the hard spike, and (5) a position within 6000 km of the boundary separating polarities, usually forming on both sides of the neutral line near both feet of the same tube of force. Correspondingly, impulsive microwave events are characterized by: (1) great similarity in burst structure with 20-32 keV X-rays but only above 5000 MHz, (2) typical low frequency burst cutoff between 1400-3800 MHz, and (3) maximum emission above 7500 MHz.

  12. Equivalence principles and electromagnetism

    Ni, W.-T.


    The implications of the weak equivalence principles are investigated in detail for electromagnetic systems in a general framework. In particular, it is shown that the universality of free-fall trajectories (Galileo weak equivalence principle) does not imply the validity of the Einstein equivalence principle. However, the Galileo principle plus the universality of free-fall rotation states does imply the Einstein principle.

  13. Equivalence in Translation



    There are many researches about translation theories and methods in western translation history. Equivalence in transla⁃tion has always been the central issue for discussion. This paper gives a general review and comment on equivalence in translation in terms of three representative translation theorists and their views about equivalence in translation.

  14. On the maximal diphoton width

    Salvio, Alberto; Strumia, Alessandro; Urbano, Alfredo


    Motivated by the 750 GeV diphoton excess found at LHC, we compute the maximal width into $\\gamma\\gamma$ that a neutral scalar can acquire through a loop of charged fermions or scalars as function of the maximal scale at which the theory holds, taking into account vacuum (meta)stability bounds. We show how an extra gauge symmetry can qualitatively weaken such bounds, and explore collider probes and connections with Dark Matter.

  15. On the maximal diphoton width

    Salvio, Alberto; Staub, Florian; Strumia, Alessandro; Urbano, Alfredo


    Motivated by the 750 GeV diphoton excess found at LHC, we compute the maximal width into γγ that a neutral scalar can acquire through a loop of charged fermions or scalars as function of the maximal scale at which the theory holds, taking into account vacuum (meta)stability bounds. We show how an extra gauge symmetry can qualitatively weaken such bounds, and explore collider probes and connections with Dark Matter.

  16. Characterization of Revenue Equivalence

    Heydenreich, B.; Müller, R.J.; Uetz, M.J.; R. Vohra


    The property of an allocation rule to be implementable in dominant strategies by a unique payment scheme is called \\emph{revenue equivalence}. In this paper we give a characterization of revenue equivalence based on a graph theoretic interpretation of the incentive compatibility constraints. The characterization holds for any (possibly infinite) outcome space and many of the known results are immediate consequences. Moreover, revenue equivalence can be identified in cases where existing theor...

  17. Characterization of revenue equivalence

    Heydenreich, Birgit; Müller, Rudolf; Uetz, Marc


    The property of an allocation rule to be implementable in dominant strategies by a unique payment scheme is called revenue equivalence. In this paper we give a characterization of revenue equivalence based on a graph theoretic interpretation of the incentive compatibility constraints. The characterization holds for any (possibly in¯nite) outcome space and many of the known results about revenue equivalence are immediate consequences.

  18. Measurement of effective sheath width around the cutoff probe based on electromagnetic simulation

    Kim, D. W.; You, S. J.; Kim, J. H.; Chang, H. Y.; Yoon, J.-S.; Oh, W. Y.


    We inferred the effective sheath width using the cutoff probe and incorporating a full-wave three-dimensional electromagnetic (EM) simulation. The EM simulation reproduced the experimentally obtained plasma-sheath resonance (PSR) on the microwave transmission (S21) spectrum well. The PSR frequency has a one-to-one correspondence with the width of the vacuum layer assumed to be the effective sheath in the EM simulation model. The sheath width was estimated by matching the S21 spectra of the experiment and the EM simulation for different widths of the sheath. We found that the inferred sheath widths quantitatively and qualitatively agree with the sheath width measured by incorporating an equivalent circuit model. These results demonstrate the excellent potential of the cutoff probe for inferring the effective sheath width from its experimental spectrum data.

  19. A Study of Selection Methods for H alpha Emitting Galaxies at z~1.3 for the Subaru/FMOS Galaxy Redshift Survey for Cosmology (FastSound)

    Tonegawa, Motonari; Totani, Tomonori; Akiyama, Masayuki; Dalton, Gavin; Glazebrook, Karl; Iwamuro, Fumihide; Sumiyoshi, Masanao; Tamura, Naoyuki; Yabe, Kiyoto; Coupon, Jean; Goto, Tomotsugu; Spitler, Lee R.


    The efficient selection of high-redshift emission galaxies is important for future large galaxy redshift surveys for cosmology. Here we describe the target selection methods for the FastSound project, a redshift survey for H alpha emitting galaxies at z=1.2-1.5 using Subaru/FMOS to measure the linear growth rate f\\sigma 8 via Redshift Space Distortion (RSD) and constrain the theory of gravity. To select ~400 target galaxies in the 0.2 deg^2 FMOS field-of-view from photometric data of CFHTLS-W...

  20. Inferred H{\\alpha} Flux as a Star-Formation Rate Indicator at z ~ 4-5: Implications for Dust Properties, Burstiness, and the z = 4-8 Star-Formation-Rate Functions

    Smit, Renske; Labbé, Ivo; Franx, Marijn; Wilkins, Stephen M; Oesch, Pascal A


    We derive H{\\alpha} fluxes for a large spectroscopic and photometric-redshift-selected sample of sources over GOODS-North and South in the redshift range z = 3.8-5.0 with deep HST, Spitzer/IRAC, and ground-based observations. The H{\\alpha} flux is inferred based on the offset between the IRAC 3.6 {\\mu}m flux and that predicted from the best-fit SED. We demonstrate that the H{\\alpha} flux correlates well with dust- corrected UV star-formation rate (SFR) and therefore can serve as an independent SFR indicator. However, we also find a systematic offset in the SFR_H{\\alpha}/SFR_UV ratios for z ~ 4-5 galaxies relative to local relations (assuming the same dust corrections for nebular regions and stellar light). We show that we can resolve the modest tension in the inferred SFRs by assuming bluer intrinsic UV slopes (increasing the dust correction), a rising star-formation history or assuming a low metallicity stellar population with a hard ionizing spectrum (increasing the L_H{\\alpha}/SFR ratio). Using H{\\alpha} a...

  1. Characterization of revenue equivalence

    Heydenreich, B.; Müller, R.; Uetz, M.J.; Vohra, R.


    The property of an allocation rule to be implementable in dominant strategies by a unique payment scheme is called revenue equivalence. We give a characterization of revenue equivalence based on a graph theoretic interpretation of the incentive compatibility constraints. The characterization holds f

  2. Characterization of revenue equivalence

    Heydenreich, Birgit; Müller, Rudolf; Uetz, Marc; Vohra, Rakesh


    The property of an allocation rule to be implementable in dominant strategies by a unique payment scheme is called \\emph{revenue equivalence}. In this paper we give a characterization of revenue equivalence based on a graph theoretic interpretation of the incentive compatibility constraints. The cha

  3. H-alpha Activity of Old M Dwarfs: Stellar Cycles and Mean Activity Levels For 93 Low-Mass Stars in the Solar Neighborhood

    Robertson, Paul; Cochran, William D; Dodson-Robinson, Sarah E


    Through the McDonald Observatory M Dwarf Planet Search, we have acquired nearly 3,000 high-resolution spectra of 93 late-type (K5-M5) stars over more than a decade using HET/HRS. This sample provides a unique opportunity to investigate the occurrence of long-term stellar activity cycles for low-mass stars. In this paper, we examine the stellar activity of our targets as reflected in the H-alpha feature. We have identified periodic signals for 6 stars, with periods ranging from days to more than 10 years, and find long-term trends for 7 others. Stellar cycles with P > 1 year are present for at least 5% of our targets. Additionally, we present an analysis of the time-averaged activity levels of our sample, and search for correlations with other stellar properties. In particular, we find that more massive, earlier type (M0-M2) stars tend to be more active than later type dwarfs. Furthermore, high-metallicity stars tend to be more active at a given stellar mass. We also evaluate H-alpha variability as a tracer of...

  4. The H$\\alpha$ line forming region of AB Aur spatially resolved at sub-AU with the VEGA/CHARA spectro-interferometer

    Perraut, K; Mourard, D; Rajabi, S; Bacciotti, F; Bério, Ph; Bonneau, D; Chesneau, O; Clausse, J M; Delaa, O; Marcotto, A; Roussel, A; Spang, A; Stee, Ph; Tallon-Bosc, I; McAlister, H; Brummelaar, T ten; Sturmann, J; Sturmann, L; Turner, N; Farrington, C; Goldfinger, P J


    A crucial issue in star formation is to understand the physical mechanism by which mass is accreted onto and ejected by a young star. The visible spectrometer VEGA on the CHARA array can be an efficient means of probing the structure and the kinematics of the hot circumstellar gas at sub-AU. For the first time, we observed the Herbig Ae star AB Aur in the H$\\alpha$ emission line, using the VEGA low spectral resolution on two baselines of the array. We computed and calibrated the spectral visibilities between 610 nm and 700 nm. To simultaneously reproduce the line profile and the visibility, we used a 1-D radiative transfer code that calculates level populations for hydrogen atoms in a spherical geometry and synthetic spectro-interferometric observables. We clearly resolved AB Aur in the H$\\alpha$ line and in a part of the continuum, even at the smallest baseline of 34 m. The small P-Cygni absorption feature is indicative of an outflow but could not be explained by a spherical stellar wind model. Instead, it f...

  5. Constraining the Age and Distance of the Galactic Supernova Remnant G156.2+5.7 by H-alpha Expansion Measurements

    Katsuda, Satoru; Morokuma, Tomoki; Fesen, Robert; Milisavljevic, Dan


    We present deep H-alpha images of portions of the X-ray bright but optically faint Galactic supernova remnant G156.2+5.7, revealing numerous and delicately thin nonradiative filaments which mark the location of the remnant's forward shock. These new images show that these filaments have a complex structure not visible on previous lower resolution optical images. By comparing H-alpha images taken in 2004 at the McDonald Observatory and in 2015-2016 at the Kiso Observatory, we set a stringent 1-sigma upper limit of expansion to be 0.06 arcsec/yr. This proper motion, combined with a shock speed of 500 km/s inferred from X-ray spectral analyses, gives a distance of > 1.7 kpc. In addition, a simple comparison of expansion indices of several SNRs allows us to infer the age of the remnant to be a few 10,000 yr old. These estimates are more straightforward and reliable than any other previous studies, and clearly rule out a possibility that G156.2+5.7 is physically associated with part of the Taurus-Auriga cloud and ...

  6. Development of an Advanced Automated Method for Solar Filament Recognition and Its Scientific Application to a Solar Cycle of MLSO H\\alpha\\ Data

    Hao, Qi; Chen, P F


    We developed a method to automatically detect and trace solar filaments in H\\alpha\\ full-disk images. The program is able not only to recognize filaments and determine their properties, such as the position, the area, the spine, and other relevant parameters, but also to trace the daily evolution of the filaments. The program consists of three steps: First, preprocessing is applied to correct the original images; Second, the Canny edge-detection method is used to detect filaments; Third, filament properties are recognized through the morphological operators. To test the algorithm, we applied it to the observations from the Mauna Loa Solar Observatory (MLSO), and the program is demonstrated to be robust and efficient. H\\alpha\\ images obtained by MLSO from 1998 to 2009 are analyzed, and a butterfly diagram of filaments is obtained. It shows that the latitudinal migration of solar filaments has three trends in the Solar Cycle 23: The drift velocity was fast from 1998 to the solar maximum; After the solar maximum...

  7. GHASP: an H$\\alpha$ kinematic survey of spiral galaxies - X. Surface photometry, decompositions and the Tully-Fisher relation in the Rc-band

    Barbosa, C E; Amram, P; Ferrari, F; Russeil, D; Epinat, B; Perret, V; Adami, C; Marcelin, M


    We present Rc-band surface photometry for 170 of the 203 galaxies in GHASP, Gassendi H-Alpha survey of SPirals, a sample of late-type galaxies for which high-resolution Fabry-Perot H{\\alpha} maps have previously been obtained. Our data set is constructed by new Rc-band observations taken at the Observatoire de Haute-Provence (OHP), supplemented with Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) archival data, obtained with the purpose of deriving homogeneous photometric profiles and parameters. Our results include Rc-band surface brightness profiles for 170 galaxies and $ugriz$ profiles for 108 of these objects. We catalogue several parameters of general interest for further reference, such as total magnitude, effective radius and isophotal parameters -- magnitude, position angle, ellipticity and inclination. We also perform a structural decomposition of the surface brightness profiles using a multi-component method in order to separate disks from bulges and bars, and to observe the main scaling relations involving luminos...

  8. The MOSDEF Survey: The strong agreement between H-alpha and UV-to-FIR star formation rates for z~2 star-forming galaxies

    Shivaei, Irene; Reddy, Naveen A; Shapley, Alice E; Barro, Guillermo; Conroy, Charlie; Coil, Alison L; Freeman, William R; Mobasher, Bahram; Siana, Brian; Sanders, Ryan; Price, Sedona H; Azadi, Mojegan; Pasha, Imad; Inami, Hanae


    We present the first direct comparison between Balmer line and panchromatic SED-based SFRs for z~2 galaxies. For this comparison we used 17 star-forming galaxies selected from the MOSFIRE Deep Evolution Field (MOSDEF) survey, with $3\\sigma$ detections for H$\\alpha$ and at least two IR bands (Spitzer/MIPS 24$\\mu$m and Herschel/PACS 100 and 160$\\mu$m, and in some cases Herschel/SPIRE 250, 350, and 500$\\mu$m). The galaxies have total IR (8-1000$\\mu$m) luminosities of $\\sim10^{11.4}-10^{12.4}\\,\\textrm{L}_\\odot$ and star-formation rates (SFRs) of $\\sim30-250\\,\\textrm{M}_\\odot\\,\\mathrm{yr^{-1}}$. We fit the UV-to-far-IR SEDs with flexible stellar population synthesis (FSPS) models - which include both stellar and dust emission - and compare the inferred SFRs with the SFR(H$\\alpha$,H$\\beta$) values corrected for dust attenuation using Balmer decrements. The two SFRs agree with a scatter of 0.17 dex. Our results imply that the Balmer decrement accurately predicts the obscuration of the nebular lines and can be used t...

  9. Narrow-width approximation accuracy

    A study of general properties of the narrow-width approximation (NWA) with polarization/spin decorrelation is presented. We prove for sufficiently inclusive differential rates of arbitrary resonant decay or scattering processes with an on-shell intermediate state decaying via a cubic or quartic vertex that decorrelation effects vanish and the NWA is of order Γ. Its accuracy is then determined numerically for all resonant 3-body decays involving scalars, spin-1/2 fermions or vector bosons. We specialize the general results to MSSM benchmark scenarios. Significant off-shell corrections can occur - similar in size to QCD corrections. We qualify the configurations in which a combined consideration is advisable. For this purpose, we also investigate process-independent methods to improve the NWA

  10. On U-equivalence spaces

    Omidi Farshad; Molaei MohammadReza


    In this paper induced U-equivalence spaces are introduced and discussed. Also the notion of U- equivalently open subsets of a U-equivalence space and U-equivalently open functions are studied. Finally, equivalently uniformisable topological spaces are considered.

  11. Correspondences. Equivalence relations

    We comment on sections paragraph 3 'Correspondences' and paragraph 6 'Equivalence Relations' in chapter II of 'Elements de mathematique' by N. Bourbaki in order to simplify their comprehension. Paragraph 3 exposes the ideas of a graph, correspondence and map or of function, and their composition laws. We draw attention to the following points: 1) Adopting the convention of writting from left to right, the composition law for two correspondences (A,F,B), (U,G,V) of graphs F, G is written in full generality (A,F,B)o(U,G,V) = (A,FoG,V). It is not therefore assumed that the co-domain B of the first correspondence is identical to the domain U of the second (EII.13 D.7), (1970). 2) The axiom of choice consists of creating the Hilbert terms from the only relations admitting a graph. 3) The statement of the existence theorem of a function h such that f = goh, where f and g are two given maps having the same domain (of definition), is completed if h is more precisely an injection. Paragraph 6 considers the generalisation of equality: First, by 'the equivalence relation associated with a map f of a set E identical to (x is a member of the set E and y is a member of the set E and x:f = y:f). Consequently, every relation R(x,y) which is equivalent to this is an equivalence relation in E (symmetrical, transitive, reflexive); then R admits a graph included in E x E, etc. Secondly, by means of the Hilbert term of a relation R submitted to the equivalence. In this last case, if R(x,y) is separately collectivizing in x and y, theta(x) is not the class of objects equivalent to x for R (EII.47.9), (1970). The interest of bringing together these two subjects, apart from this logical order, resides also in the fact that the theorem mentioned in 3) can be expressed by means of the equivalence relations associated with the functions f and g. The solutions of the examples proposed reveal their simplicity

  12. A high-precision pulse-width modulator source

    A novel high-resolution pulse-width modulator (PWM) is being developed for a new digital regulator for the Advanced Photon Source power converters. The circuit features 82-ps setability over an 80-(micro)s range. Our application requires a 50-(micro)s fill-scale range; therefore the 82-ps setability is equivalent to better than 19 bits. The circuit is presently implemented as a VME module and is an integral part of the digital regulator prototype. The design concept and performance results will be presented

  13. Influence of MLC leaf width on biologically adapted IMRT plans

    Introduction. High resolution beam delivery may be required for optimal biology-guided adaptive therapy. In this work, we have studied the influence of multi leaf collimator (MLC) leaf widths on the treatment outcome following adapted IMRT of a hypoxic tumour. Material and methods. Dynamic contrast enhanced MR images of a dog with a spontaneous tumour in the nasal region were used to create a tentative hypoxia map following a previously published procedure. The hypoxia map was used as a basis for generating compartmental gross tumour volumes, which were utilised as planning structures in biologically adapted IMRT. Three different MLCs were employed in inverse treatment planning, with leaf widths of 2.5 mm, 5 mm and 10 mm. The number of treatment beams and the degree of step-and-shoot beam modulation were varied. By optimising the tumour control probability (TCP) function, optimal compartmental doses were derived and used as target doses in the inverse planning. Resulting IMRT dose distributions and dose volume histograms (DVHs) were exported and analysed, giving estimates of TCP and compartmental equivalent uniform doses (EUDs). The impact of patient setup accuracy was simulated. Results. The MLC with the smallest leaf width (2.5 mm) consistently gave the highest TCPs and compartmental EUDs, assuming no setup error. The difference between this MLC and the 5 mm MLC was rather small, while the MLC with 10 mm leaf width gave considerably lower TCPs. When including random and systematic setup errors, errors larger than 5 mm gave only small differences between the MLC types. For setup errors larger than 7 mm no differences were found between non-uniform and uniform dose distributions. Conclusions. Biologically adapted radiotherapy may require MLCs with leaf widths smaller than 10 mm. However, for a high probability of cure it is crucial that accurate patient setup is ensured.

  14. Optically thick line widths in pyrotechnic flares

    Douda, B. E.; Exton, R. J.


    Experimentally determined sodium line widths for pyrotechnic flares are compared with simple analytical, optically-thick-line-shape calculations. Three ambient pressure levels are considered (760, 150 and 30 torr) for three different flare compositions. The measured line widths range from 1.3 to 481 A. The analytic procedure emphasizes the Lorentz line shape as observed under optically-thick conditions. Calculated widths are in good agreement with the measured values over the entire range.

  15. Computational study on reliability of sheath width measurement by the cutoff probe in low pressure plasmas

    Recently, the technique for measurement of the sheath width by using the cutoff probe and its equivalent circuit model was proposed and conducted experimentally. In this study, we investigate the reliability of this technique based on the computational simulation. The simulation of three-dimensional Finite-Difference Time-Domain reproduces the transmission spectrum of the cutoff probe with an input parameter of sheath width. We measure the sheath width by using the circuit model and calculate the discrepancy between them under various input plasma densities and sheath widths. The results show the acceptable discrepancy under all of the conditions we studied (the largest discrepancy is about  45%). This indicates that the technique for measurement of sheath width around the floating tip of cutoff probe is robust and reliable. A shorter version of this contribution is due to be published in PoS at: 1st EPS conference on Plasma Diagnostics

  16. Establishing Substantial Equivalence: Metabolomics

    Beale, Michael H.; Ward, Jane L.; Baker, John M.

    Modern ‘metabolomic’ methods allow us to compare levels of many structurally diverse compounds in an automated fashion across a large number of samples. This technology is ideally suited to screening of populations of plants, including trials where the aim is the determination of unintended effects introduced by GM. A number of metabolomic methods have been devised for the determination of substantial equivalence. We have developed a methodology, using [1H]-NMR fingerprinting, for metabolomic screening of plants and have applied it to the study of substantial equivalence of field-grown GM wheat. We describe here the principles and detail of that protocol as applied to the analysis of flour generated from field plots of wheat. Particular emphasis is given to the downstream data processing and comparison of spectra by multivariate analysis, from which conclusions regarding metabolome changes due to the GM can be assessed against the background of natural variation due to environment.

  17. Equivalence Relations of -Algebra Extensions

    Changguo Wei


    In this paper, we consider equivalence relations of *-algebra extensions and describe the relationship between the isomorphism equivalence and the unitary equivalence. We also show that a certain group homomorphism is the obstruction for these equivalence relations to be the same.


    XUE Songbai; WU Yuxiu; HAN Zongjie; WANG Jianxin


    The finite element method(FEM) is used to analyze the effects of lead widths and pitches on reliability of soldered joints. The optimum Simulation for QFP devices is also researched. The results indicate that when the lead pitches are the same, the maximum equivalent stress of the soldered joints increases with the increasing of lead widths, while the reliability of the soldered joints reduces. When the lead widths are the same, the maximum equivalent stress of the soldered joints doesn't decrease completely with the increasing of lead pitches, a minimum value of the maximum equivalent stress values exists in all the curves. Under this condition the maximum equivalent stress of the soldered joints is relatively the least, the reliability of soldered joints is high and the assembly is excellent. The simulating results indicate the best parameter: The lead width is 0.2 mm and lead pitch is 0.3 mm (the distance between two leads is 0.1 mm), which are benefited for the micromation of QFP devices now. The minimum value of the maximum equivalent stress of soldered joints exists while lead width is 0.25 mm and lead pitch is 0.35 mm (the distance between two leads is 0.1 mm), the devices can serve for a long time and the reliability is the highest, the assembly is excellent. The simulating results also indicate the fact that the lead width is 0.15 mm and lead pitch is 0.2 mm maybe the limit of QFP, which is significant for the high lead count and micromation of assembly.

  19. [OIII] emission line as a tracer of star-forming galaxies at high redshifts: Comparison between H$\\alpha$ and [OIII] emitters at $z$=2.23 in HiZELS

    Suzuki, T L; Sobral, D; Khostovan, A A; Hayashi, M; Shimakawa, R; Koyama, Y; Tadaki, K -i; Tanaka, I; Minowa, Y; Yamamoto, M; Smail, I; Best, P N


    We investigate the properties of $z$=2.23 H$\\alpha$ and [OIII]$\\lambda$5007 emitters using the narrow-band-selected samples obtained from the High-$z$ Emission Line Survey (HiZELS: Sobral et al. 2013). We construct two samples of the H$\\alpha$ and [OIII] emitters and compare their integrated physical properties. We find that the distribution of stellar masses, dust extinction, star formation rates (SFRs), and specific SFRs, is not statistically different between the two samples. When we separate the full galaxy sample into three subsamples according to the detections of the H$\\alpha$ and/or [OIII] emission lines, most of the sources detected with both H$\\alpha$ and [OIII] show ${\\rm log(sSFR_{UV})}$$\\gtrsim$-9.5. The comparison of the three subsamples suggests that sources with strong [OIII] line emission tend to have the highest star-forming activity out all galaxies that we study. We argue that the [OIII] emission line can be used as a tracer of star-forming galaxies at high redshift, and that it is especia...

  20. A Survey of Local Group Galaxies Currently Forming Stars: III. A Search for Luminous Blue Variables and Other H-alpha Emission-Lined Stars

    Massey, Philip; Olsen, K A G; Hodge, Paul W; Blaha, Cynthia; Jacoby, George H; Smith, R C; Strong, Shay B


    We describe a search for H-alpha emission-lined stars in M31, M33, and seven dwarfs in or near the Local Group (IC 10, NGC 6822, WLM, Sextans B, Sextans A, Pegasus and the Phoenix dwarf) using interference filter imaging with the KPNO and CTIO 4-m telescope and Mosaic cameras. The survey is aimed primarily at identifying new Luminous Blue Variables (LBVs) from their spectroscopic similarity to known LBVs, avoiding the bias towards photometric variability, which may require centuries to manifest itself if LBVs go through long quiescent periods. Followup spectroscopy with WIYN confirms that our survey detected a wealth of stars whose spectra are similar to the known LBVs. We "classify" the spectra of known LBVs, and compare these to the spectra of the new LBV candidates. We demonstrate spectacular spectral variability for several of the new LBV candidates, such as AM2, previously classified as a Wolf-Rayet star, which now shows FeI, FeII and Balmer emission lines but neither the NIII 4634,42 nor HeII 4686 emiss...

  1. The nature of H-alpha star-forming galaxies at z~0.4 in and around Cl 0939+4713: the environment matters

    Sobral, David; Koyama, Yusei; Darvish, Behnam; Calhau, João; Afonso, Ana; Kodama, Tadayuki; Nakata, Fumiaki


    Cluster star-forming galaxies are found to have an excess of Far-Infrared emission relative to H-alpha (Ha), when compared to those in the field, which could be caused by intense AGN activity, dust and/or declining star formation histories. Here we present spectroscopic observations of Ha emitters in the Cl 0939+4713 (Abell 851) super-cluster at z=0.41, using AF2+WYFFOS on the WHT. We measure [OII], Hbeta (Hb), [OIII], Ha and [NII] for a sample of 119 Ha emitters in and around the cluster. We find that 17+-5% of the Ha emitters are AGN, irrespective of environment. For star-forming galaxies, we obtain Balmer decrements, metallicities and ionisation parameters with different methods, individually and by stacking. We find a strong mass-metallicity relation at all environments, with no significant dependence on environment. The ionisation parameter declines with increasing stellar mass for low-mass galaxies. Ha emitters residing in intermediate environments show the highest ionisation parameters (along with high...

  2. Statistical Analysis of Filament Features Based on the H{\\alpha} Solar Images from 1988 to 2013 by Computer Automated Detection Method

    Hao, Q; Cao, W; Chen, P F


    We improve our filament automated detection method which was proposed in our previous works. It is then applied to process the full disk H$\\alpha$ data mainly obtained by Big Bear Solar Observatory (BBSO) from 1988 to 2013, spanning nearly 3 solar cycles. The butterfly diagrams of the filaments, showing the information of the filament area, spine length, tilt angle, and the barb number, are obtained. The variations of these features with the calendar year and the latitude band are analyzed. The drift velocities of the filaments in different latitude bands are calculated and studied. We also investigate the north-south (N-S) asymmetries of the filament numbers in total and in each subclass classified according to the filament area, spine length, and tilt angle. The latitudinal distribution of the filament number is found to be bimodal. About 80% of all the filaments have tilt angles within [0{\\deg}, 60{\\deg}]. For the filaments within latitudes lower (higher) than 50{\\deg} the northeast (northwest) direction i...

  3. Assessment of Pharmaceutical Equivalence: Difference Test or Equivalence Test?

    Lourenço, Felipe R.; Pinto, Terezinha J. A.


    Pharmaceutical equivalence is an important step towards the confirmation of similarity and interchangeability among pharmaceutical products, particularly regarding those that will not be tested for bioequivalence. The aim of this paper is to compare traditional difference testing to two one-side equivalence tests in the assessment of pharmaceutical equivalence, by means of equivalence studies between similar, generic and reference products of acyclovir cream, atropine sulfate injection, merop...

  4. Waste Determination Equivalency - 12172

    Freeman, Rebecca D. [Savannah River Remediation (United States)


    by the Secretary of Energy in January of 2006 based on proposed processing techniques with the expectation that it could be revised as new processing capabilities became viable. Once signed, however, it became evident that any changes would require lengthy review and another determination signed by the Secretary of Energy. With the maturation of additional salt removal technologies and the extension of the SWPF start-up date, it becomes necessary to define 'equivalency' to the processes laid out in the original determination. For the purposes of SRS, any waste not processed through Interim Salt Processing must be processed through SWPF or an equivalent process, and therefore a clear statement of the requirements for a process to be equivalent to SWPF becomes necessary. (authors)

  5. Spin gated GDR widths at moderate temperatures

    Mukul Ish


    Full Text Available We present the evolution of giant dipole resonance (GDR width as a function of angular momentum in the compound nucleus 144Sm in the temperature range of 1.5-2.0 MeV. The high energy γ rays emitted from the decay of excited 144Sm were measured using large NaI detector in coincidence with 4π sum spin spectrometer. GDR widths were found to comply with thermal shape fluctuation model in this temperature range over a wide range of spin. Experimental widths tend to increase rapidly at high angular momentum values.

  6. Establishing Substantial Equivalence: Proteomics

    Lovegrove, Alison; Salt, Louise; Shewry, Peter R.

    Wheat is a major crop in world agriculture and is consumed after processing into a range of food products. It is therefore of great importance to determine the consequences (intended and unintended) of transgenesis in wheat and whether genetically modified lines are substantially equivalent to those produced by conventional plant breeding. Proteomic analysis is one of several approaches which can be used to address these questions. Two-dimensional PAGE (2D PAGE) remains the most widely available method for proteomic analysis, but is notoriously difficult to reproduce between laboratories. We therefore describe methods which have been developed as standard operating procedures in our laboratory to ensure the reproducibility of proteomic analyses of wheat using 2D PAGE analysis of grain proteins.

  7. Bipartite Graphs of Large Clique-Width

    Korpelainen, Nicholas; Lozin, Vadim V.

    Recently, several constructions of bipartite graphs of large clique-width have been discovered in the literature. In the present paper, we propose a general framework for developing such constructions and use it to obtain new results on this topic.

  8. On the Spectrum Width of Wind Waves

    李陆平; 黄培基


    Based on the universal expression of wind wave spectra, four commonly used definitions of the spectrum width arere-examined. The results show that the non-dimensional spectrum width can measure the width of non-dimensionalspectra but it does not reflect the developing state of the spectra. The dimensional spectrum width expresses the degree ofconcentration of wave energy of the spectrum in the process of wind wave growth. Tests show that the spectrum widthpresented by Wen et al. can objectively measure the degree of concentration of wave energy of the spectrum, reflect thestate of wind wave growth, and provides a better result for practical application. The rules for definition of the spectrumwidth are discussed.

  9. Equivalent Linkages of Compressor Mechanisms

    Bukac, Hubert


    Frequently, the dynamics of a compressor’s mechanism can be simplified and better understood by analyzing compressor’s equivalent linkage. Although the equivalent linkage of a reciprocating piston compressor is well known, the equivalent linkages of other types of compressors are not. For example, it is not well understood that the equivalent linkage of a rolling piston compressor is also the same slider-crank mechanism as the one of a reciprocating piston compressor. The difference between r...

  10. Direct measurement of the W boson width

    This Letter describes a direct measurement of the W boson decay width, Γ(W), using the high-mass tail of the transverse mass spectrum of W→eν decays recorded by the Collider Detector at Fermilab. We find Γ(W)=2.11±0.28(stat) ± 0.16(syst) GeV and compare this direct measurement with indirect means of obtaining the width

  11. Liesegang patterns : Studies on the width law

    Droz, M.; Magnin, J.; Zrinyi, M.


    The so-called "width law" for Liesegang patterns, which states that the positions x_n and widths w_n of bands verify the relation x_n \\sim w_n^{\\alpha} for some \\alpha>0, is investigated both experimentally and theoretically. We provide experimental data exhibiting good evidence for values of \\alpha close to 1. The value \\alpha=1 is supported by theoretical arguments based on a generic model of reaction-diffusion.

  12. Why scalar-tensor equivalent theories are not physically equivalent?

    Sk., Nayem


    Whether Jordan's and Einstein's frame descriptions of F(R) theory of gravity are physically equivalent, is a long standing debate. However, none questioned on true mathematical equivalence, since classical field equations may be translated from one frame to the other following a transformation relation. Nevertheless, true mathematical equivalence is only established, if all the mathematical results derived from one frame may be translated to the other. Here we show that, neither Noether equations, nor quantum equations may be translated from one frame to the other. The reason being the momenta can't be translated. This appears to be the cause for dynamical in-equivalence.

  13. Finite width effects in top quark decays

    Mahlon, G; Mahlon, Gregory; Parke, Stephen


    Motivated by evidence that the top quark mass lies near the bWZ threshold, we compute the decay rate for t\\rightarrow bWZ in the Standard Model, including the effects of the finite widths of the W and Z bosons. In the limit where the width effects are negligible, our results disagree with previously published calculations. We also examine the decay t\\rightarrow bWH. Although the widths induce a sizable enhancement near threshold for both decays, we find that the rates are still too small to be observed in the present generation of experiments. This means that detection of either mode in one of these experiments would be a signal of new physics.

  14. The Variable Line Width of Achernar

    Rivinius, Th; Baade, D; Carciofi, A C; Leister, N; Štefl, S


    Spectroscopic observations of Achernar over the past decades, have shown the photospheric line width, as measured by the rotational parameter $v \\sin i$, to vary in correlation with the emission activity. Here we present new observations, covering the most recent activity phase, and further archival data collected from the archives. The $v \\sin i$ variation is confirmed. On the basis of the available data it cannot be decided with certainty whether the increased line width precedes the emission activity, i.e. is a signature of the ejection mechanism, or postdates is, which would make it a signature of re-accretion of some of the disk-material. However, the observed evidence leans towards the re-accretion hypothesis. Two further stars showing the effect of variable line width in correlation with emission activity, namely 66 Oph and $\\pi$ Aqr, are presented as well.

  15. Constraints on widths of mixed pentaquark multiplets

    Mohta, V


    We determine constraints on the partial widths of mixed pentaquark multiplets in the framework of heavy baryon chiral perturbation theory (HB$\\chi$PT). The partial widths satisfy a GMO-type relation at leading order in HB$\\chi$PT, for arbitrary mixing. The widths of N(1440), N(1710), and $\\Theta(1540)$ are not consistent with ideal mixing, $\\theta_{N} = 35.3^{\\circ}$, but are consistent with $\\theta_{N} \\lesssim 25^{\\circ}$. Furthermore, there are parameter values in HB$\\chi$PT that produce such a mixing angle while allowing the identification of the mass spectrum above. As an alternative to non-ideal mixing, we also suggest reasons for giving up on N(1440) as a pure pentaquark state.

  16. CF-HiZELS, a 10 deg$^2$ emission-line survey with spectroscopic follow-up: H\\alpha, [OIII]+H\\beta\\ and [OII] luminosity functions at z=0.8, 1.4 and 2.2

    Sobral, David; Best, Philip N; Smail, Ian; Khostovan, Ali A; Milvang-Jensen, Bo; Kim, Jae-Woo; Stott, John; Calhau, João; Nayyeri, Hooshang; Mobasher, Bahram


    We present results from the largest contiguous narrow-band survey in the near-infrared. We have used WIRCam/CFHT and the lowOH2 filter (1.187$\\pm$0.005 \\mu m) to survey ~10 deg$^2$ of contiguous extragalactic sky in the SA22 field. A total of ~6000 candidate emission-line galaxies are found. We use deep CFHTLS $ugriz$ and UKIDSS DXS $J$ and $K$ data to obtain robust photometric redshifts. We combine our data with HiZELS (COSMOS+UDS) and explore VVDS, VIPERS, KMOS and obtain our own spectroscopic follow-up with FMOS and MOSFIRE to derive large samples of high-redshift emission-line selected galaxies: 3471 H\\alpha\\ emitters at z=0.8, 1343 [OIII]+H\\beta\\ emitters at z=1.4 and 572 [OII] emitters at z=2.2. We probe co-moving volumes of >10$^6$ Mpc$^3$ and find significant over-densities, including an 8.5\\sigma\\ (spectroscopically confirmed) over-density of H\\alpha\\ emitters at z=0.81. We derive H\\alpha, [OIII]+H\\beta\\ and [OII] luminosity functions at z=0.8, 1.4 and 2.2, respectively, and present implications for ...

  17. Measurement of the invisible W width

    The results of the W pair production cross section measurements at the LEP II experiments are used to obtain a measurement of the invisible decay width of the W boson. Such an invisible decay width, resulting from W decay channels that have event signatures that are not consistent with any Standard Model decay, would lower the observed cross section compared to that of the Standard Model. From the LEP combined result from the 183 GeV data gathered in 1997, we obtain an upper limit of 45 MeV at 95% CL. (author)

  18. Effective spectrum width of the synchrotron radiation

    Bagrov, V. G., E-mail: [Department of Physics, Tomsk State University, Tomsk (Russian Federation); Institute of High Current Electronics, SB RAS, Tomsk (Russian Federation); Gitman, D. M., E-mail: [Department of Physics, Tomsk State University, Tomsk (Russian Federation); Institute of Physics, University of São Paulo, São Paulo (Brazil); P.N.Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation); Levin, A. D., E-mail: [Institute of Physics, University of São Paulo, São Paulo (Brazil); Loginov, A. S.; Saprykin, A. D. [Department of Physics, Tomsk State University, Tomsk (Russian Federation)


    For an exact quantitative description of spectral properties of synchrotron radiation (SR), the concept of effective width of the spectrum is introduced. In the most interesting case, which corresponds to the ultrarelativistic limit of SR, the effective width of the spectrum is calculated for the polarization components, and new physically important quantitative information on the structure of spectral distributions is obtained. For the first time, the spectral distribution for the circular polarization component of the SR for the upper half-space is obtained within classical theory.

  19. High Fin Width Mosfet Using Gaa Structure

    S.L.Tripathi; Ramanuj Mishra; R. A. Mishra


    This paper describes the design and optimization of gate-all-around (GAA) MOSFETs structures. The optimum value of Fin width and Fin height are investigated for superior sub threshold behavior. Also the performance of Fin shaped GAA with gate oxide HfO2 are simulated and compared with conventional gate oxide SiO2 for the same structure. As a result, it was observed that the GAA with high K dielectric gate oxide has more possibility to optimize the Fin width with improved performance. All the ...

  20. High Fin Width Mosfet Using Gaa Structure



    Full Text Available This paper describes the design and optimization of gate-all-around (GAA MOSFETs structures. The optimum value of Fin width and Fin height are investigated for superior subthreshold behavior. Also the performance of Fin shaped GAA with gate oxide HfO2 are simulated and compared with conventional gate oxide SiO2 for the same structure. As a result, it was observed that the GAA with high K dielectric gate oxide has more possibility to optimize the Fin width with improved performance. All the simulations are performed on 3-D TCAD device simulator.

  1. High Fin Width Mosfet Using Gaa Structure



    Full Text Available This paper describes the design and optimization of gate-all-around (GAA MOSFETs structures. The optimum value of Fin width and Fin height are investigated for superior sub threshold behavior. Also the performance of Fin shaped GAA with gate oxide HfO2 are simulated and compared with conventional gate oxide SiO2 for the same structure. As a result, it was observed that the GAA with high K dielectric gate oxide has more possibility to optimize the Fin width with improved performance. All the simulations are performed on 3-D TCAD device simulator.

  2. On equivalence and bioequivalence testing

    Ocaña, Jordi; Sánchez, M. Pilar; Sánchez, Álex; Carrasco, Josep Lluís


    Equivalence testing is the natural approach to many statistical problems. First, its main application, bioequivalence testing, is reviewed. The basic concepts of bioequivalence testing (2×2 crossover designs, TOST, interval inclusion principle, etc.) and its problems (TOST biased character, the carryover problem, etc.) are considered. Next, equivalence testing is discussed more generally. Some applications and methods are reviewed and the relation of equivalence testing and distance-based...

  3. Testing statistical hypotheses of equivalence

    Wellek, Stefan


    Equivalence testing has grown significantly in importance over the last two decades, especially as its relevance to a variety of applications has become understood. Yet published work on the general methodology remains scattered in specialists' journals, and for the most part, it focuses on the relatively narrow topic of bioequivalence assessment.With a far broader perspective, Testing Statistical Hypotheses of Equivalence provides the first comprehensive treatment of statistical equivalence testing. The author addresses a spectrum of specific, two-sided equivalence testing problems, from the

  4. Radiative width of the rho- meson

    The excitation of high-energy pions in the nuclear Coulomb field has been investigated. The data, analyzed assuming the presence of both electromagnetic and strong contributions to coherent production of π-π0 systems, yield a decay width for rho- → π-γ of 67 +- 7 keV

  5. Theoretical determination of etab's electromagnetic decay width

    Fabiano, N


    We discuss the theoretical predictions for the two photon decay width of the pseudoscalar etab meson. Predictions from potential models are examined. It is found that various models are in good agreement with each other. Results for etab are also compared with those from Upsilon data through the NRQCD procedure.

  6. Reflections on Equivalence in Translation



    The comparison of texts in different languages inevitably involves a theory of equivalence.To shed as much as possible light on theories and writings that have dealt with the notion of equivalence,this essay attempts to present a few in-depth reflections

  7. Matching of equivalent field regions

    Appel-Hansen, Jørgen; Rengarajan, S.B.


    In aperture problems, integral equations for equivalent currents are often found by enforcing matching of equivalent fields. The enforcement is made in the aperture surface region adjoining the two volumes on each side of the aperture. In the case of an aperture in a planar perfectly conducting s...

  8. Unitary equivalence of quantum walks

    Highlights: • We have found unitary equivalent classes in coined quantum walks. • A single parameter family of coin operators is sufficient to realize all simple one-dimensional quantum walks. • Electric quantum walks are unitarily equivalent to time dependent quantum walks. - Abstract: A simple coined quantum walk in one dimension can be characterized by a SU(2) operator with three parameters which represents the coin toss. However, different such coin toss operators lead to equivalent dynamics of the quantum walker. In this manuscript we present the unitary equivalence classes of quantum walks and show that all the nonequivalent quantum walks can be distinguished by a single parameter. Moreover, we argue that the electric quantum walks are equivalent to quantum walks with time dependent coin toss operator

  9. Concurrent Supermassive Black Hole and Galazy Growth: Linking Environment and Nuclear Activity in Zeta Equals 2.23 H Alpha Emitters

    Lehmer, B. D.; Lucy, A. B.; Alexander, D. M.; Best, P. N.; Geach, J. E.; Harrison, C. M.; Hornschemeier, A. E.; Matsuda, Y.; Mullaney, J. R.; Smail, Ian; Sobral, D.; Swinbank, A. M.


    We present results from an approximately equal 100 ks Chandra observation of the 2QZ Cluster 1004+00 structure at z = 2.23 (hereafter 2QZ Clus). 2QZ Clus was originally identified as an overdensity of four optically-selected QSOs at z = 2.23 within a 15 × 15 arcmin square region. Narrow-band imaging in the near-IR (within the K band) revealed that the structure contains an additional overdensity of 22 z = 2.23 H alpha-emitting galaxies (HAEs), resulting in 23 unique z = 2.23 HAEs/QSOs (22 within the Chandra field of view). Our Chandra observations reveal that three HAEs in addition to the four QSOs harbor powerfully accreting supermassive black holes (SMBHs), with 2-10 keV luminosities of approximately equal (8-60) × 10(exp 43) erg s(exp-1) and X-ray spectral slopes consistent with unobscured active galactic nucleus (AGN). Using a large comparison sample of 210 z = 2.23 HAEs in the Chandra-COSMOS field (C-COSMOS), we find suggestive evidence that the AGN fraction increases with local HAE galaxy density. The 2QZ Clus HAEs reside in a moderately overdense environment (a factor of approximately equal 2 times over the field), and after excluding optically-selected QSOs, we find that the AGN fraction is a factor of approximately equal 3.5(+3.8/ -2.2) times higher than C-COSMOS HAEs in similar environments. Using stacking analyses of the Chandra data and Herschel SPIRE observations at 250micrometers, we respectively estimate mean SMBH accretion rates ( M(BH)) and star formation rates (SFRs) for the 2QZ Clus and C-COSMOS samples. We find that the mean 2QZ Clus HAE stacked X-ray luminosity is QSO-like (L(2-10 keV) approximately equal [6-10] × 10(exp 43) erg s(exp -1)), and the implied M(BH)/SFR approximately equal (1.6-3.2) × 10(exp -3) is broadly consistent with the local M(BH)/Stellar Mass relation and z approximately equal 2 X-ray selected AGN. In contrast, the C-COSMOS HAEs are on average an order of magnitude less X-ray luminous and have M(BH)/SFR approximately

  10. Accurate valence band width of diamond

    An accurate width is determined for the valence band of diamond by imaging photoelectron momentum distributions for a variety of initial- and final-state energies. The experimental result of 23.0±0.2 eV2 agrees well with first-principles quasiparticle calculations (23.0 and 22.88 eV) and significantly exceeds the local-density-functional width, 21.5±0.2 eV2. This difference quantifies effects of creating an excited hole state (with associated many-body effects) in a band measurement vs studying ground-state properties treated by local-density-functional calculations. copyright 1997 The American Physical Society

  11. LEP hadronic Z0 partial widths

    The experimental situation on hadronic Z0 partial widths at LEP is reviewed. In the absence of recent results on light quarks, only new data concerning Z0 → b b bar and Z0 → cc bar are considered. A LEP average value of Rb (with a 1% precision) implying low top quark mass or new phenomena within the Standard Model framework is presented. A slight deviation of Rb from the Standard Model value is observed. 6 figs., 18 refs

  12. The Width of the Colour Flux Tube

    Caselle, M.; F. Gliozzi; Magnea, U.; Vinti, S.


    We discuss and rederive in a general way the logarithmic growth of the mean squared width of the colour flux tube as a function of the interquark separation. Recent data on 3D $Z_2$ gauge theory, combined with high precision data on the interface physics of the 3D Ising model fit nicely this behaviour over a range of more than two orders of magnitude.

  13. Radiative widths of K and rho mesons

    The dissociation of K and π mesons in the nuclear Coulomb field has been studied. Results are: GAMMA(rho→πγ) = 67 +- 7 KeV., GAMMA(K*(890)→Kπ) = 60 +- 15 KeV; and the observation of Coulomb excitation of the following states: K*(1420,1700),A2,A1,B. The measured widths are in rough agreement with a simple quark model

  14. Aptitude test and classification of materials with class width of statistically evaluated distinction

    Classification into classes of statistically evaluated distinction is an appropriate means of assigning various materials properties simply and quickly into the relevant groups of being equivalent or different. This information, however, is subject to statistical uncertainties due to the relatively small number of samples used for materials properties testing; the large variety of materials properties modify the information on possible differences. One factor to be taken into account in determining the class width is a sufficient probability by which a difference between two materials properties can be stated when the average sample data are differing by one or more class widths. For this case, formulas for determining the required class widths, derived by a test well-known in statistical mathematics, are presented in this paper and described by numerical examples. (orig./RW)

  15. Aptitude test and classification of materials with class width of statistically evaluated distinction

    Struck, W.


    Classification into classes of statistically evaluated distinction is an appropriate means of assigning various materials properties simply and quickly into the relevant groups of being equivalent or different. This information, however, is subject to statistical uncertainties due to the relatively small number of samples used for materials properties testing; the large variety of materials properties modify the information on possible differences. One factor to be taken into account in determining the class width is a sufficient probability by which a difference between two materials properties can be stated when the average sample data are differing by one or more class widths. For this case, formulas for determining the required class widths, derived by a test well-known in statistical mathematics, are presented in this paper and described by numerical examples.

  16. Are There Any Good Digraph Width Measures?

    Ganian, Robert; Hliněný, Petr; Kneis, Joachim; Meister, Daniel; Obdržálek, Jan; Rossmanith, Peter; Sikdar, Somnath

    Several width measures for digraphs have been proposed in the last few years. However, none of them possess all the "nice" properties of treewidth, namely, (1) being algorithmically useful, that is, admitting polynomial-time algorithms for a large class of problems on digraphs of bounded width; and (2) having nice structural properties such as being monotone under taking subdigraphs and some form of arc contractions. As for (1), MSO1 is the least common denominator of all reasonably expressive logical languages that can speak about the edge/arc relation on the vertex set, and so it is quite natural to demand efficient solvability of all MSO1-definable problems in this context. (2) is a necessary condition for a width measure to be characterizable by some version of the cops-and-robber game characterizing treewidth. More specifically, we introduce a notion of a directed topological minor and argue that it is the weakest useful notion of minors for digraphs in this context. Our main result states that any reasonable digraph measure that is algorithmically useful and structurally nice cannot be substantially different from the treewidth of the underlying undirected graph.

  17. ECC water spreading width for flat plate

    To investigate the characteristics of water jet spreading width induced by Direct Vessel Injection(DVI), a steady state and separate effect test focusing on the effect of the downcomer curvature was performed using a rectangular flat-plate air-water open channel test facility. Comparative tests using various scaled diameter(D) of water jet nozzle, channel gap(W), water jet velocity(VJET), and forced cross air-flow(Vc) on the water film are performed for the Korean Next Generation Reactor(KNGR) during the late reflood phase of LBLOCA. A simplified and visible thin acryl plates were used. The air-water channel has a nearly full height in height between DVI and coldleg. The channel gap and the diameter of water injection nozzle have scaled ratios of 1/50 ∼ 1/10 by volume scaling method. The cross flow is introduced in the airwater channel to investigate the cross flow effects on the ECC water jet spreading width. The major parameters measured in the experiments are the film width of ECC water, the shifted degree of water film boundary by the cross air flow, and the attachment liquid fraction to total injected water in the region of front plate against water injected wall plate. It was found out that (1) If the test scale is increased, for the typical film spreading width without any cross flow, the film width is linearly increased at the bottom of air-water channel except at the top of film. (2) If the cross flow is induced on the liquid film for the test scale of 1:51.68, the highly shifted film shape is formed (3) If the test scale and the water injection velocity are increased, the attachment ratio of liquid on the front plate is sharply increased. (4) The attachment ratio of liquid on the front plate is strongly increased by cross flow. In the case of 9.52 scaled test, the attachment ratio of liquid is affected by both the cross flow and the water injection velocity

  18. Egalitarian Equivalence under Asymmetric Information

    Geoffroy de Clippel; David Pérez-Castrillo and David Wettstein


    We propose a definition of egalitarian equivalence that extends Pazner and Schmeidler's (1978) concept to environments with incomplete information. If every feasible allocation rule can be implemented by an incentive compatible mechanism (as, for instance, in the case of non-exclusive information), then interim egalitarian equivalence and interim incentive efficiency remain compatible, as they were under complete information. When incentive constraints are more restrictive, on the other hand,...

  19. Egalitarian equivalence under asymmetric information

    DE CLIPPEL, Geoffroy; Pérez-Castrillo, David; WETTSTEIN, David


    We propose a definition of egalitarian equivalence that extends Pazner and Schmeidler's (1978) concept to environments with incomplete information. If every feasible allocation rule can be implemented by an incentive compatible mechanism (as, for instance, in the case of non-exclusive information), then interim egalitarian equivalence and interim incentive efficiency remain compatible, as they were under complete information. When incentive constraints are more restrictive, on the other hand,...

  20. Equivalence translation of phraseological synonyms.

    Yashchuk, Olena


    This article is devoted to phraseological English synonyms, interchangeability and translation equivalence. This paper examines the state of the phenomenon of synonymy in phraseology at present, classifies phraseological units and phraseological synonyms in particular, common translation techniques of idiomatic synonyms, according to different levels of equivalence. The scientific relevance of the work is a synthesis of the linguistic nature of phraseological synonyms, as well as organizing m...

  1. Tissue Engineered Human Skin Equivalents

    Zheng Zhang; Michniak-Kohn, Bozena B.


    Human skin not only serves as an important barrier against the penetration of exogenous substances into the body, but also provides a potential avenue for the transport of functional active drugs/reagents/ingredients into the skin (topical delivery) and/or the body (transdermal delivery). In the past three decades, research and development in human skin equivalents have advanced in parallel with those in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The human skin equivalents are used commerc...

  2. Using tissue equivalent proportional counters to determine dose equivalent

    Tissue equivalent proportional counters (TEPCs) have been used in the laboratory for over 30 years to determine neutron dose in mixed radiation fields, but they are seldom used by operational health physicists. But a number of TEPC-based instruments are being developed in Europe and in the United States. The purpose of this paper is: to introduce operational health physicists to tissue equivalent proportional counters, to examine some of the algorithms used to convert data from TEPCs into dose equivalent, to examine how TEPC measurements meet the requirements of DOE Order 5480.11 (DOE 1988) and 10CFR20, and to examine some of the TEPC-based instruments that are available. Many operational health physicists are not familiar with the concept of microdosimetry and the specialized terms that are used in analyzing the data from TEPCs, so a brief discussion is included. At present, quality factors are defined in terms of linear energy transfer, but TEPCs measure lineal energy

  3. Morita Equivalence for Factorisable Semigroups

    Yu Qun CHEN; K. P. SHUM


    Recall that the semigroups S and R are said to be strongly Morita equivalent if there exists a unitary Morita context (S,R,S PR,RQs, <, []) with < and [] surjective. For a factorisable semigroup S, we denote s = {(s1, s2) ∈ S× S | ss1 =ss2,s ∈ S}, S' = S/s and US-FAct= {sM ∈S- Act|SM = M and SHoms(S, M) ≌ M}. We show that, for factorisable semigroups S and R, the categories US-FAct and UR-FAct are equivalent if and only if the semigroups S' and R' are strongly Morita equivalent. Some conditions for a factorisable semigroup to be strongly Morita equivalent to a sandwich semigroup, local units semigroup, monoid and group separately are also given. Moreover, we show that a semigroup S is completely simple if and only if S is strongly Morita equivalent to a group and for any index set I, S SHoms(S,Ⅱi∈ S)→Ⅱi∈S, s t·f→(st)f is an S-isomorphism.

  4. Multi-Wavelength Constraints on the Cosmic Star Formation History from Spectroscopy: the Rest-Frame UV, H-alpha, and Infrared Luminosity Functions at Redshifts 1.9

    Reddy, Naveen A; Pettini, Max; Adelberger, Kurt L; Shapley, Alice E; Erb, Dawn K; Dickinson, Mark


    We use a sample of rest-frame UV selected and spectroscopically observed galaxies at redshifts 1.9H-alpha and Spitzer MIPS 24 micron data, to derive the most robust measurements of the rest-frame UV, H-alpha, and infrared (IR) luminosity functions (LFs) at these redshifts. Our sample is by far the largest of its kind, with over 2000 spectroscopic redshifts in the range 1.9

  5. Joint H-alpha and X-ray Observations of Massive X-ray Binaries. I. The B-Supergiant System LS I +65 010 = 2S 0114+650

    Grundstrom, E D; Gies, D R; Huang, W; McSwain, M V; Raghavan, D; Riddle, R L; Subasavage, J P; Wingert, D W; Levine, A M; Remillard, R A


    We report on a three year spectroscopic monitoring program of the H-alpha emission in the massive X-ray binary LS I +65 010 = 2S 0114+650, which consists of a B-supergiant and a slowly rotating X-ray pulsar. We present revised orbital elements that yield a period of P=11.5983 +/- 0.0006 d and confirm that the orbit has a non-zero eccentricity e=0.18 +/- 0.05. The H-alpha emission profile is formed in the base of the wind of the B-supergiant primary, and we show how this spectral feature varies on timescales that are probably related to the rotational period of the B-supergiant. We also examine the X-ray fluxes from the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer All-Sky Monitor instrument, and we show that the X-ray orbital light curve has a maximum at periastron and a minimum at the inferior conjunction of the B-supergiant. We also show that the wind emission strength and the high energy X-ray flux appear to vary in tandem on timescales of approximately a year.

  6. Sievert, gray and dose equivalent.

    Pfalzner, P M


    The concepts of physical quantity and physical units of measurement are presented. The relations between quantities, the names and symbols for SI (International System) base units, derived units and special names of SI units are illustrated. From the definition of the radiation quantity dose equivalent, the SI unit for this quantity is shown to be dimensionally identical with the joule per kilogram. The sievert (Sv) is the special (restricted) name for the SI unit of the quantity dose equivalent, with 1 Sv = 1 J/kg. PMID:6668293

  7. Affine varieties with equivalent cylinders

    Yu, JT; Shpilrain, V


    A well-known cancellation problem asks when, for two algebraic varieties $V_1, V_2 \\subseteq {\\bf C}^n$, the isomorphism of the cylinders $V_1 \\times {\\bf C}$ and $V_2 \\times {\\bf C}$ implies the isomorphism of $V_1$ and $V_2$. In this paper, we address a related problem: when the equivalence (under an automorphism of ${\\bf C}^{n+1}$) of two cylinders $V_1 \\times {\\bf C}$ and $V_2 \\times {\\bf C}$ implies the equivalence of their bases $V_1$ and $V_2$ under an automorphism of ${\\bf C}^n$? We c...

  8. Detection of Broad H$\\alpha$ Emission Lines in the Late-time Spectra of a Hydrogen-poor Superluminous Supernova

    Yan, Lin; Ofek, E; Gal-Yam, A; Mazzali, P; Perley, D; Vreeswijk, P; Leloudas, G; de Cia, A; Masci, F; Cenko, S B; Cao, Y; Kulkarni, S R; Nugent, P E; Rebbapragada, Umaa D; Woźniak, P R; Yaron, O


    iPTF13ehe is a hydrogen-poor superluminous supernova (SLSN) at z=0.3434, with properties similar to SN2007bi. It rises within (83-148)days (rest-frame) to reach a peak bolometric luminosity of 1.3x$10^{44}$erg/s, then decays very slowly at 0.015mag. per day. The measured ejecta velocity is 13000km/s. The inferred explosion characteristics, such as the ejecta mass (67-220$M_\\odot$), the total radiative and kinetic energy ($10^{51}$ & 2x$10^{53}$erg respectively), is typical of SLSN-R events. However, the late-time spectrum taken at +251days reveals a Balmer Halpha emission feature with broad and narrow components, which has never been detected before among other H-poor SLSNe. The broad component has a velocity width of ~4500km/s and has a ~300km/s blue-ward shift relative to the narrow component. We interpret this broad Halpha emission line as the interaction between the supernova ejecta and a H-rich circumstellar medium (CSM) shell, located at a distance of ~4x$10^{16}$cm from the explosion site. This eje...

  9. Direct measurement of the W boson width

    Abazov, V.M.; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, B.; /Oklahoma U.; Abolins, M.; /Michigan State U.; Acharya, B.S.; /Tata Inst.; Adams, M.; /Illinois U., Chicago; Adams, T.; /Florida State U.; Aguilo, E.; /Alberta U. /Simon Fraser U. /McGill U.; Ahsan, M.; /Kansas State U.; Alexeev, G.D.; /Dubna, JINR; Alkhazov, G.; /St. Petersburg, INP; Alton, A.; /Michigan U. /Northeastern U.


    We present a direct measurement of the width of the W boson using the shape of the transverse mass distribution of W {yields} e{nu} candidates selected in 1 fb{sup -1} of data collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. We use the same methods and data sample that were used for our recently published W boson mass measurement, except for the modeling of the recoil, which is done with a new method based on a recoil library. Our result, 2.028 {+-} 0.072 GeV, is in agreement with the predictions of the standard model and is the most precise direct measurement result from a single experiment to date.

  10. Morita "equivalences" of equivariant torus spectral triples

    Venselaar, Jan Jitse


    In general, Morita equivalence of spectral triples need not be a symmetric relation. In this paper, we show that Morita equivalence of spectral triples is an equivalence relation for equivariant torus spectral triples.