WorldWideScience

Sample records for financial market integration

  1. Essays on Financial Market Integration

    OpenAIRE

    Pungulescu, C.

    2009-01-01

    The four essays in this dissertation address these main questions and alternate a general perspective with focused analysis on specific measures of integration and regions, providing several novel answers. First, new relevant proxies are proposed to measure financial market integration. They give evidence that barriers to integration still take a toll even in developed markets, and important costs of segmentation are estimated for emerging as well as developed markets. Moreover, it is shown t...

  2. Financial integration and emerging markets capital structure

    OpenAIRE

    LUCEY, BRIAN MICHAEL

    2011-01-01

    This paper investigates the impact of country-level financial integration on corporate financing choices in emerging economies. Examining 4477 public firms from 24 countries, we find that corporate leverage is positively related to credit market integration and negatively related to equity market integration. As integration proceeds to higher levels, high-growth firms seem to obtain more debt than low-growth firms; large firms seem to obtain more debt – especially long-term debt – and issue m...

  3. FEATURES AND EFFECTS OF INTERNATIONAL INTEGRATION OF THE FINANCIAL MARKETS/ ??????????? ? ??????????? ????????????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ??????

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.A. Kotova

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The article presents a model of international financial integration, shows the advantages and disadvantages of integration of financial markets, identified the benefits and potential risks of the penetration of foreign banks in the financial markets.

  4. Regulatory Conflict: Market Integrity Vs. Financial Stability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chester S. Spatt

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available The market crisis has highlighted the design of our financial regulatory system and to a degree identified some tensions within our current system. In turn, this provides a natural opportunity to reflect upon the underlying objectives of regulation and how various regulatory goals can clash.

  5. How has the European Monetary Integration Process Contributed to Regional Financial Market Integration?

    OpenAIRE

    Reszat, Beate

    2003-01-01

    European monetary integration was one element in the process of financial market integration but by far not the only one. The paper traces the development of financial markets and systems in Europe from the beginnings of the euromarkets in the 1950s over early exchange rate arrangements and the establishment of the Single Market program to the launch of the euro and its effects. Not surprisingly, the contribution of the common currency to financial integration has been the stronger the more n...

  6. International Financial Integration of the Indian Money Market

    OpenAIRE

    Steven Buigut; Vadhindran K. Rao

    2011-01-01

    The study investigates whether the financial liberalization undertaken in India has resulted in integration of Indian markets with global markets. First, we investigate covered interest rate parity (CIP) between India and the US using 3 month interbank interest rates and 1 year swap rates. The results show little evidence of a long term equilibrium relationship between the domestic interest rate and the covered interest rate. The mostly negative results indicate the presence of a country risk...

  7. TRENDS IN THE RUSSIAN FINANCIAL MARKET CONDITIONS AND INTEGRATION INTO THE GLOBAL FINANCIAL SYSTEM/????????? ??????????? ??????????? ????? ? ??????? ?????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ???????

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.A. Kotova

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the trends in the Russian financial market and the conditions for integration into the global financial system. Main directions of integration of the financial market of Russia into the global financial system, such as: reform of the existing model of the financial market in Russia with respect to evade speculative model integration and development with developing countries, countries of CIS and BRIC. Stimulation of real investment in the Russian economy. Regular monitoring of investment imbalances in the framework of the state investment policy with regard to determine the excess or deficit of the necessary investment capital by comparing the maximum amount of available internal resources and investment needs within the planned period.

  8. Protecting Financial Market Integrity: Roles and Responsibilities of Auditors

    OpenAIRE

    Diekman, P.A.M.

    2008-01-01

    Waarom heeft u nog vertrouwen in een bank? En waarom vertrouwt u uw geld nog toe aan banken? Deze vragen staan centraal in de oratie ‘Protecting Financial Market Integrity. Roles and Responsibilities of Auditors' van prof.dr. Peter A.M. Diekman RA. Hij stelt dat zowel de intern als de openbare accountant een belangrijke taak hebben bij de bewaking van de financiële markt. Diekman aanvaardt op donderdag 15 mei 2008 het ambt van bijzonder hoogleraar Compliance & Risicobeheersing vanwege de Stic...

  9. Financial development and investment market integration: An approach of underlying financial variables & indicators for corporate governance growth empirical approach

    OpenAIRE

    Vojinovi? Borut; Theodoropoulos Theodore E.

    2005-01-01

    Financial development is correlated with several underlying regulatory variables (such as indicators of investor protection, market transparency variables for corporate governance growth and rules for capital market development), which are under the control of national legislators and EU directives. This paper provides estimates of the relationship between financial market development and corporate growth and assesses the impact of financial market integration on this relationship with refere...

  10. On the integration of financial markets: How strong is the evidence from five international stock markets?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bentes, Sónia R.

    2015-07-01

    This paper examines the integration of financial markets using data from five international stock markets in the context of globalization. The theoretical basis of this study relies on the price theory and the Law of One Price, which was adjusted to the framework of financial markets. When price levels are nonstationary, cointegration and the error correction model constitute a powerful tool for the empirical examination of market integration. The error correction model provides a fully dynamic framework that allows to separating the long and the short run effects of the integration process. A dataset encompassing the daily stock price series of the PSI 20 (Portugal), IBEX 35 (Spain), FTSE 100 (UK), NIKKEI 225 (Japan) and SP 500 (US) indices from January 4th 1999 to September 19th 2014 is employed. The results highlight that these five stock markets are linked together by just one long-run relationship, although short-run movements are also present, which causes distinct deviations from the long-run equilibrium relationship. Endogeneity prevails in the system as a whole. While market integration in the sense of the Law of One Price holds, pairwise full price transmission has limited evidence. The results therefore show that stock market price movements are highly nonlinear and complex.

  11. Financial development and investment market integration: An approach of underlying financial variables & indicators for corporate governance growth empirical approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vojinovi? Borut

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Financial development is correlated with several underlying regulatory variables (such as indicators of investor protection, market transparency variables for corporate governance growth and rules for capital market development, which are under the control of national legislators and EU directives. This paper provides estimates of the relationship between financial market development and corporate growth and assesses the impact of financial market integration on this relationship with reference to European Union (EU countries. The regression results obtained using this panel support the hypothesis that financial development promotes growth particularly in industries that are more financially dependent on external finance. For policy purposes, analyzing changes in these regulatory variables may be a more interesting exercise than analyzing integration of the financial systems themselves. Since assuming that EU countries will raise its regulatory and legal standards to the U.S. standards appears unrealistic, in this case we examine a scenario where EU countries raise their standards to the highest current EU standard.

  12. Financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    Bibow, Jörg

    2011-01-01

    This paper provides a brief exposition of financial markets in Post Keynesian economics. Inspired by John Maynard Keynes's path-breaking insights into the role of liquidity and finance in monetary production economies Post Keynesian economics offers a refreshing alternative to mainstream (mis)conceptions in this area. We highlight the importance of liquidity - as provided by the financial system - to the proper functioning of real world economies under fundamental uncertainty, contrasting sta...

  13. Research network on capital markets and financial integration in Europe : results and experience after two years

    OpenAIRE

    European Central Bank ; Center for Financial Studies (CFS)

    2008-01-01

    In April 2002 the European Central Bank (ECB) and the Center for Financial Studies (CFS) launched the ECB-CFS Research Network to promote research on “Capital Markets and Financial Integration in Europe”. The ECB-CFS research network aims at stimulating top-level and policy-relevant research, significantly contributing to the understanding of the current and future structure and integration of the financial system in Europe and its international linkages with the United States and Japan. This...

  14. Global Financial Crisis and Stock Market Integration between Northeast Asia and Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Geesun Lee; Jinho Jeong

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the effect of financial crisis on the level of stock market integration. In particular, we investigated the dynamic movements of two regional stock markets, Northeast Asia and Europe during the period between January 1st, 2000 and December 31st, 2012, with particular attention placed on the global financial crisis (GFC). For this purpose, the paper employs various approaches including DCC-MGARCH, Risk Decomposition, GVAR, and CCOR models to ensure the robustness of empiric...

  15. Financial integration at times of financial instability

    OpenAIRE

    Babecký, Jan; Komárek, Luboš; Komárková, Zlatuše

    2010-01-01

    This article analyzes the phenomenon of financial integration on both the theoretical and empirical levels, focusing primarily on assessing the impacts of the current financial crisis. In the theoretical section writers look at the definition of financial integration and summarize the benefits and costs associated with this process. The subsequent empirical section provides an analysis of the speed and level of integration of the Czech financial market and the markets of selected inflation-ta...

  16. Time series analysis of the developed financial markets' integration using visibility graphs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhuang, Enyu; Small, Michael; Feng, Gang

    2014-09-01

    A time series representing the developed financial markets' segmentation from 1973 to 2012 is studied. The time series reveals an obvious market integration trend. To further uncover the features of this time series, we divide it into seven windows and generate seven visibility graphs. The measuring capabilities of the visibility graphs provide means to quantitatively analyze the original time series. It is found that the important historical incidents that influenced market integration coincide with variations in the measured graphical node degree. Through the measure of neighborhood span, the frequencies of the historical incidents are disclosed. Moreover, it is also found that large "cycles" and significant noise in the time series are linked to large and small communities in the generated visibility graphs. For large cycles, how historical incidents significantly affected market integration is distinguished by density and compactness of the corresponding communities.

  17. European financial integration and the 1992 challenge: is the market approach sufficient?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. SARCINELLI

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The new phase of European integration is being developed in parallel with a gradual strengthening of international cooperation in the field of macroeconomics. This has coincided with the rejection of positions that reflected the belief that markets were self-regulating and an over-confidence in the rationality of expectations. Indeed, the emergence and worsening of fiscal, trade and payments imbalances with foreign countries has led to a reconsideration of the approach to the problems of international economic policy. The present article looks at the financial aspects of integration in the prospect of the 1992 objectives, and Italy’s role within this context. After recalling the main features of the process of European integration, the implications of the liberalisation of capital movements and financial services for banks and for Italian agents are analysed. The author argues that although markets may determine productivity gains and efficiency, it would be imprudent to entrust them with distributing them fairly and compensating those who are disadvantaged.  

  18. Financial Services Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Lucretia Maria

    This manual contains student assignments in the financial services area of the marketing process. The individualized competency-based materials are intended to enhance and supplement instruction or to provide the basis for a course of instruction by the teacher-coordinator. Information on skills needed in jobs in financial marketing is first…

  19. EU SINGLE FINANCIAL MARKET – PROSPECTS FOR CHANGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma?gorzata Mikita

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The global financial crisis has revealed the weaknesses of the European financial market, which triggered the European Union (EU work on further integration of this market. The aim of this article is to present the direction of changes concerning the integration of the EU financial market. These changes are mainly related to the issue of supervising the EU financial market, regulating the institutions operating in this market, protecting customers, improving the effectiveness of the market, its transparency and liquidity, as well as improving management in crisis situations.

  20. Financial integration and asset returns

    OpenAIRE

    Martin, Philippe; Rey, Helene

    2000-01-01

    The paper investigates the impact of financial integration on asset return, risk diversification and breadth of financial markets. We analyse a three-country macroeconomic model in which (i) the number of financial assets is endogenous; (ii) assets are imperfect substitutes; (iii) cross-border asset trade entails some transaction costs; (iv) the investment technology is indivisible. In such an environment, lower transaction costs between two financial markets translate to higher demand for as...

  1. Communication impacting financial markets

    CERN Document Server

    Andersen, Jorgen Vitting; Dellaportas, Petros; Galam, Serge

    2014-01-01

    Behavioral finance has become an increasingly important subfield of finance. However the main parts of behavioral finance, prospect theory included, understand financial markets through individual investment behavior. Behavioral finance thereby ignores any interaction between participants. We introduce a socio-financial model that studies the impact of communication on the pricing in financial markets. Considering the simplest possible case where each market participant has either a positive (bullish) or negative (bearish) sentiment with respect to the market, we model the evolution of the sentiment in the population due to communication in subgroups of different sizes. Nonlinear feedback effects between the market performance and changes in sentiments are taking into account by assuming that the market performance is dependent on changes in sentiments (e.g. a large sudden positive change in bullishness would lead to more buying). The market performance in turn has an impact on the sentiment through the trans...

  2. Financial integration in emerging market economies: effects on volatility transmission and contagion

    OpenAIRE

    BEN REJEB, Aymen; Boughrara, Adel

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the volatility relationship that exists between emerging and developed markets in normal times and in times of financial crises. The Vector Autoregressive methodology and the Bai and Perron (2003a,b)’s technique are used. The paper results lead to very interesting conclusions. First, it has been found that volatility spillovers are effective across financial markets. Second, it has been proven that geographical proximity is of great importance in amplif...

  3. Communication impacting financial markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitting Andersen, Jørgen; Vrontos, Ioannis; Dellaportas, Petros; Galam, Serge

    2014-10-01

    Since the attribution of the Nobel prize in 2002 to Kahneman for prospect theory, behavioral finance has become an increasingly important subfield of finance. However the main parts of behavioral finance, prospect theory included, understand financial markets through individual investment behavior. Behavioral finance thereby ignores any interaction between participants. We introduce a socio-financial model (Vitting Andersen J. and Nowak A., An Introduction to Socio-Finance (Springer, Berlin) 2013) that studies the impact of communication on the pricing in financial markets. Considering the simplest possible case where each market participant has either a positive (bullish) or negative (bearish) sentiment with respect to the market, we model the evolution of the sentiment in the population due to communication in subgroups of different sizes. Nonlinear feedback effects between the market performance and changes in sentiments are taken into account by assuming that the market performance is dependent on changes in sentiments (e.g., a large sudden positive change in bullishness would lead to more buying). The market performance in turn has an impact on the sentiment through the transition probabilities to change an opinion in a group of a given size. The idea is that if for example the market has observed a recent downturn, it will be easier for even a bearish minority to convince a bullish majority to change opinion compared to the case where the meeting takes place in a bullish upturn of the market. Within the framework of our proposed model, financial markets stylized facts such as volatility clustering and extreme events may be perceived as arising due to abrupt sentiment changes via ongoing communication of the market participants. The model introduces a new volatility measure which is apt of capturing volatility clustering and from maximum-likelihood analysis we are able to apply the model to real data and give additional long term insight into where a market is heading.

  4. Financial integration within the European Union: Towards a single market for insurance

    OpenAIRE

    Beckmann, Rainer; Eppendorfer, Carsten; Neimke, Markus

    2002-01-01

    Our study analyses the extent of integration of the EU market for life and non-life insurance. The main integration indicator used is the market share (premium based) of foreign companies in domestic markets. For the calculation of this indicator, three different kinds of foreign presence are taken into account: foreign presence through merger and acquisitions, through branches and agencies and direct cross-border sales without physical presence. Whereas the static view reveals a high degree ...

  5. Global Integration of Central and Eastern European Financial Markets – The Role of Economic Sentiments

    OpenAIRE

    Belke, Ansgar; Beckmann, Joscha; Kühl, Michael

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the importance of different economic sentiments, e.g. consumer moods, for the Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs) during the transition process. We first analyze the importance of economic confidence with respect to the CEECs' fi nancial markets. Since the integration of formerly strongly-regulated markets into global markets can also lead to an increase in the dependence of the CEECs' domestic market performance on global sentiments, we also investigate the rel...

  6. Financial Markets and Persistence

    OpenAIRE

    Jain, S.; Buckley, P.

    2005-01-01

    Persistence is studied in a financial context by mapping the time evolution of the values of the shares quoted on the London Financial Times Stock Exchange 100 index (FTSE 100) onto Ising spins. By following the time dependence of the spins, we find evidence for power law decay of the proportion of shares that remain either above or below their ` starting\\rq values. As a result, we estimate a persistence exponent for the underlying financial market to be $\\theta_f\\sim 0.5$.

  7. Financial Services and Emerging Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Karreman, B.

    2011-01-01

    This study addresses the organization and strategy of firms in emerging markets with an explicit application to financial services. Given the relevance of a well-functioning financial system for economic growth, understanding the organization and strategy of firms contributing to the development of sound financial services appears of utmost importance for emerging markets. Throughout the study, two main providers of financial services are distinguished, namely banks and stock markets, which a...

  8. Social Knowledge for Financial Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Gertraude Mikl-Horke

    2010-01-01

    Financial literacy is an important issue today, but it is directed/limited to improve the practical skills of people taking financial markets and their present working for granted. However, financial markets are social institutions and social processes involving network relations as well as rules and norms. Globalization has resulted in a dominating role of financial markets over the economy with importance for the transformation of capitalistic society. The sociological perspectives on finan...

  9. Asian Capital Market Integration: Theory and Evidence

    OpenAIRE

    Park, Cyn-Young

    2013-01-01

    Financial integration is a multidimensional process through which allocation of financial assets becomes increasingly borderless. This paper assesses the progress achieved thus far in capital market integration in Asia, and compares regional capital market integration with global financial integration. The results of the analysis on which the paper is based indicate that while the pace of regional integration of financial markets in Asia's emerging economies has accelerated in recent years, t...

  10. Reconfiguring the Financial Markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Bucur

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The debut of the new millennium is marked by the increased economic and social imbalances. An important task of economic science is to identify the causes and factors that contributed to the radical transformation of the unfolding conditions of economic activity. The existence of different perspectives to approach the new realities may offer greater opportunities for decrypting the conditions that generated so far unknown developments, as well as for shaping solutions to promote new paths of progress and civilization. The defining with profound implications on the economy and society is represented by the globalization. From this perspective, we have analysed the new dimensions of capital accumulation and economic growth in the context of deregulation and liberalization of the international capital movements. In this context, we have noticed the increasing influence of the financial markets on the economy, the tendency to remove the finances from the real economy requirements, the growing role of external financing using more volatile capital goods, increased competition regarding the access to financing, the significant increase of power of the international capital markets whose characteristic is represented by the increased instability, the implications of the investors’ obsession with an excessive profitableness of their own funds and the expansion of using sophisticated financial products. Realities of today’s financial markets, which are the subject of numerous studies and analysis, have contributed to the association of the arguments that are contesting the thesis on the virtues of self-regulation markets and promoting a new paradigm, within which finances should subordinate the requirements of a balanced and sustained economic growth.

  11. 77 FR 45907 - Financial Market Utilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-02

    ...that a few financial institutions will be perceived...improve overall market transparency...participating financial institutions and to the market as a whole...plausible market conditions...base its financial resources...financial institutions'' as...

  12. market and financial risks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Foncerrada

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper focuses on debt management, and examines the concept of debt sustainability as defined by different authors and applied by the IMF. However, proposes a new definition and a different approach. Assessment procedures for the new approach are suggested as also some actions to develop a government securities market. In the last part, it proposes an interpretation of Mexico?s 1982 and 1994-95 crises, as a result of two factors, the overlooking of basic financial risks and a poor conception of debt sustainability.

  13. The Nordic financial electricity market

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2010-11-15

    NordREG is a cooperation of the Nordic energy regulators. The mission is to actively promote legal and institutional framework and conditions necessary for developing the Nordic and European electricity markets. The financial market is an important market for market participants to mitigate their risks. By providing tools for risk management, the financial market contributes to the efficient functioning of both wholesale and end-user markets. NordREG decided during 2009 to undertake a study on the Nordic financial electricity market. The aim of the report is to consider whether any improvements can be made to further increase the efficiency of the Nordic financial electricity market in order to secure an optimal price setting in the wholesale and the end-user markets

  14. Institutional Arrangement of Financial Markets Supervision: The Case of the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Musílek, Petr

    2008-01-01

    The paper deals with institutional arrangement of financial supervision in the Czech Republic. Financial markets are composed of partial financial segments specialized in individual types of financial instruments and individual customer groups. Financial institutions gradually transform into financial supermarkets. There are several models of institutional arrangement of financial supervision (integrated financial supervision model, sectional financial supervision model, financial supervision...

  15. 78 FR 14024 - Financial Market Utilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-04

    ...which the financial markets and the broader...systems in which financial institutions, such as banks...spreading among financial institutions or markets and thereby threaten...stability of the financial system of the...

  16. Tax havens and financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    Solvoll, Sigurd Rognmo

    2012-01-01

    This thesis is about some of the effects and implications that tax havens have on our financial markets. It focuses on giving the reader a better understanding of the consequences that tax havens impose to our financial markets using the financial crisis that started in 2007 as an example. The first chapter has a brief introduction that lays the foundation of the thesis. The second chapter defines and explains many different types of tax havens that exist worldwide. The third part considers t...

  17. Does Basel II destabilize financial markets? An agent-based financial market perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hermsen, O.

    2010-01-01

    We use a financial market model that is able to replicate stylized facts of financial markets quite successfully. We adjust this model by integrating regulations of Basel II concerning market risk. The result is a considerable destabilization of the regulated financial market with a significant increase of extreme events (extraordinary profits and losses). Since the intention of Basel II regulations is to ensure banks have enough regulatory capital to withstand periods involving extraordinary losses, it is alarming that - on the contrary - these regulations may provoke an increase in precisely such extraordinary events.

  18. Financial Markets and Stochastic Growth

    OpenAIRE

    Mirman, Leonard J.; Schenk-Hoppé, Klaus Reiner

    2000-01-01

    In this paper, we study the effect of financial markets on the investment of a two-good two-country economy with stochastic production in a dynamic framework. Each country produces and invests only one good and, therefore, makes decisions as a central planner in an optimal growth model. Trade between consumers of both countries, however, takes place on competitive (spot or financial) markets. Wencompare the investment-consumption decisions of both `market' models with the benchmark-case of an...

  19. Financial intermediaries, markets and growth

    OpenAIRE

    Fecht, Falko; Huang, Kevin; Martin, Antoine

    2005-01-01

    We build a model in which financial intermediaries provide insurance to households against a liquidity shock. Households can also invest directly on a financial market if they pay a cost. In equilibrium, the ability of intermediaries to share risk is constrained by the market. This can be beneficial because intermediaries invest less in the productive technology when they provide more risk-sharing. Our model predicts that bank-oriented economies should grow slower than more market-oriented ec...

  20. Social Knowledge for Financial Markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gertraude Mikl-Horke

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Financial literacy is an important issue today, but it is directed/limited to improve the practical skills of people taking financial markets and their present working for granted. However, financial markets are social institutions and social processes involving network relations as well as rules and norms. Globalization has resulted in a dominating role of financial markets over the economy with importance for the transformation of capitalistic society. The sociological perspectives on financial markets have relevance also for the present crisis for which several explanations have been suggested. Most explanations overlook, however, the process of disembedding of the financial markets from the societal context, which is represented by the reliance on a specific kind of knowledge. To illustrate the need for reintegrating financial markets in the economy and making them more responsive to societal concerns, financial knowledge requires to be embedded into social knowledge about the function of financial markets for society, the importance of norms and the social character of markets.Finanzerziehung ist ein wichtiges Anliegen in der Gegenwart, aber die „finanzielle Alphabetisierung“ beschränkt sich auf die Vermittlung praktischen Wissens, ohne die Finanzmärkte und ihr Funktionieren zu hinterfragen. Aber Finanzmärkte sind soziale Institutionen und soziale Prozesse, die Netzwerkbeziehungen sowie Regeln und Normen umfassen. Die Globalisierung resultierte in einer dominierenden Rolle des Finanzsystems im Verhältnis zur Wirtschaft und mit Implikationen für die Transformation der kapitalistischen Gesellschaft. Die soziologischen Perspektiven auf Finanzmärkte sind auch für die gegenwärtige Krise relevant, die verschieden zu erklären versucht wird. Diese Erklärungen übersehen jedoch vielfach den Prozess der Entbettung der Finanzmärkte aus den gesellschaftlichen Kontexten, der sich auch durch die Betonung einer spezifischen Art von Wissen darstellt. Um die Notwendigkeit für die Reintegration der Finanzmärkte in die Wirtschaft und für ihre Verantwortlichkeit für gesellschaftliche Belange verständlich zu machen, bedarf es der Einbettung des finanztechnischen Wissens in soziales Wissen über die Funktion der Finanzmärkte in der Gesellschaft, die Bedeutung von Normen und den sozialen Charakter von Märkten.

  1. Market free lunch and large financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    Klein, Irene

    2007-01-01

    The main result of the paper is a version of the fundamental theorem of asset pricing (FTAP) for large financial markets based on an asymptotic concept of no market free lunch for monotone concave preferences. The proof uses methods from the theory of Orlicz spaces. Moreover, various notions of no asymptotic arbitrage are characterized in terms of no asymptotic market free lunch; the difference lies in the set of utilities. In particular, it is shown directly that no asympto...

  2. Time, expectations and financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    Herr, Hansjo?rg

    2009-01-01

    After the breakdown of the Bretton Woods system and the beginning of the neoliberal revolution, financial markets became very unstable. The theoretical background of the neoliberal revolution stands in the tradition of Léon Walras. He was very much impressed by Isaac Newton, used his methodology and wanted to lift economic thinking on the same level as Newton's mechanics. The rational expectation approach and the hypothesis of efficient financial markets follow this methodology. In a Keynesia...

  3. 76 FR 18445 - Financial Market Utilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-04

    ...No. R-1412] RIN 7100-AD71 Financial Market Utilities AGENCY: Board...lessons learned during the recent financial crisis. The CPSS and IOSCO published...consultative report for Principles for Financial Market Infrastructures at...

  4. Market free lunch and large financial markets

    CERN Document Server

    Klein, I

    2006-01-01

    The main result of the paper is a version of the fundamental theorem of asset pricing (FTAP) for large financial markets based on an asymptotic concept of no market free lunch for monotone concave preferences. The proof uses methods from the theory of Orlicz spaces. Moreover, various notions of no asymptotic arbitrage are characterized in terms of no asymptotic market free lunch; the difference lies in the set of utilities. In particular, it is shown directly that no asymptotic market free lunch with respect to monotone concave utilities is equivalent to no asymptotic free lunch. In principle, the paper can be seen as the large financial market analogue of [Math. Finance 14 (2004) 351--357] and [Math. Finance 16 (2006) 583--588].

  5. Financial Intermediation, Markets, and Alternative Financial Sectors

    OpenAIRE

    ALLEN, Franklin; Carletti, Elena; QIAN, Jun 'QJ'; Valenzuela, Patricio

    2012-01-01

    We provide a comprehensive review of firms’ financing channels (internal and external, domestic and international) around the globe, with the focus on alternative finance—financing from all the nonmarket, non-bank external sources. We argue that while traditional financing channels, including financial markets and banks, provide significant sources of funds for firms in developed countries, alternative financing channels provide an equally important source of funds in both developed and devel...

  6. The Financial Markets of China

    OpenAIRE

    Niemi, Timo

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine and analyze the financial markets of China. The intention was to form a comprehensive picture of the current state and the latest developments of the markets. Specific attention was paid to the accessibility and opportunities offered to foreign participants in the markets. The study concentrates on mainland China, excluding Hong Kong and Macau. The research was conducted using qualitative methodology, by collecting data first and then analyzing it ...

  7. The Asean Stock Market Integration: The Effect of the 2007 Financial Crisis on the Asean Stock Indices’ Movements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adwin Surja Atmadja

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This study attempts to examine the existence of cointegration relationship and the short run dynamic interaction among the five ASEAN stock market indices in the period of before and during the 2007 financial crisis. The multivariate time series analysis frameworks are employed to the series in both sub-sample periods in order to answer the hypotheses.The study finds two cointegrating vectors in the series before the financial crisis period, however it fails to detect any cointegrating vector in the period of financial crisis. Granger causality tests applied to the series reveal that number of significant causal linkages between two variables increase during the crisis period. Moreover, the accounting innovation analysis shows an increase in the explanatory power of an endogenous variable to another within the system during the crisis period, indicating that the contagious effect of the 2007-US financial crisis has entered into the ASEAN capital market, and significantly influenced the regional indices’ movements.

  8. The role of the European Union for the financial integration of Eastern Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Tomfort, André

    2006-01-01

    The objective of this paper was to investigate the integration of Eastern European financial markets into the EU and world markets. Financial integration has been measured by international investment positions and financial liberalisation measures.

  9. Momentum in stock market returns, risk premia on foreign currencies and international financial integration

    OpenAIRE

    Nitschka, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    Momentum in developed countries' stock market index returns can be exploited to form portfolios of excess returns on foreign currencies as relatively high past foreign stock market returns signal a foreign currency appreciation. Two risk factors extracted from the stock index momentum based currency portfolio returns explain more than 80 percent of their cross-sectional variation. In contrast to currency risk factors constructed from forward discount sorted currency portfolios, these risk fac...

  10. Financial market integration and loan competition : when is entry deregulation socially beneficial?

    OpenAIRE

    Kaas, Leo

    2004-01-01

    The paper analyzes how the removal of barriers to entry in banking affect loan competition, bank stability and economic welfare. We consider a model of spatial loan competition where a market that is served by less efficient banks is opened to entry by banks that are more efficient in screening borrowers. It is shown that there is typically too little entry and that market shares of entrant banks are too small relative to their socially optimal level. This is because efficient banks internali...

  11. Dynamics of financial markets in the context of globalization

    OpenAIRE

    Pirtea, Marilen; Iovu, Laura Raisa; Milos, Marius Cristian

    2008-01-01

    The transformation of national segmented financial markets into integrated parts of the global financial market- the globalization process - involves cross-border and cross-sector integration in which capital movements and financial services are key determinants. Growth in trade and investments, important changes in production and technology, meaningful innovations in telecommunications and computer applications, and a generalized trend towards liberalization and deregulation of domestic and ...

  12. Behavior of Financial Markets Efficiency During the Financial Market Crisis: 2007-2009

    OpenAIRE

    Mynhardt, H. R.; Plastun, Alex; Makarenko, Inna

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the behavior of financial markets efficiency during the recent financial market crisis. Using the Hurst exponent as a criterion of market efficiency we show that level of market efficiency is different for pre-crisis and crisis periods. We also classify financial markets of different countries by the level of their efficiency and reaffirm that financial markets of developed countries are more efficient than the developing ones. Based on Ukrainian financial market analysis ...

  13. Financial integration of stock markets among new EU member states and the euro area.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Babecký, Jan; Komárek, L.; Komárková, Z.

    -, ?. 849 (2008), s. 1-27. ISSN 0083-7350 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70850503 Keywords : stock markets * convergence * new EU member states Subject RIV: AH - Economics http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/economics/research/papers/twerp_849.pdf

  14. Path integrals in quantum mechanics, statistics, polymer physics, and financial markets

    CERN Document Server

    Kleinert, Hagen

    2009-01-01

    This is the fifth, expanded edition of the comprehensive textbook published in 1990 on the theory and applications of path integrals. It is the first book to explicitly solve path integrals of a wide variety of nontrivial quantum-mechanical systems, in particular the hydrogen atom. The solutions have been made possible by two major advances. The first is a new euclidean path integral formula which increases the restricted range of applicability of Feynman's time-sliced formula to include singular attractive 1/r- and 1/r2-potentials. The second is a new nonholonomic mapping principle carrying p

  15. Financial Markets and Public Information

    OpenAIRE

    Storkenmaier, Andreas

    2011-01-01

    The last decades have seen dramatic changes in trading technology and the way that financial markets operate. As trading technology advances, news providers have kept pace and deliver news to market participants around the world within fractions of a second using electronic systems. Currently, most news is still interpreted by humans but news providers have started to offer newswire products with machine learning systems that specifically cater to algorithmic traders. In practice, newswire me...

  16. Practical .NET for financial markets

    CERN Document Server

    Shetty, Vivek

    2006-01-01

    This book provides fascinating insight into the nature and operation of Financial (Equity) markets and the singular demands and challenges placed on technology solutions in this environment. It then takes an in-depth look at how these challenges can be addressed using Microsoft .NET technology. Each chapter starts with a detailed explanation of a specific and ubiquitous business requirement in Equity market applications, and then the particular features of the.NET framework that can be used to meet that requirement

  17. Detecting anchoring in financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    Andersen, Jorgen Vitting

    2007-01-01

    Anchoring is a term used in psychology to describe the common human tendency to rely too heavily (anchor) on one piece of information when making decisions. A trading algorithm inspired by biological motors, introduced by L. Gil\\cite{Gil}, is suggested as a testing ground for anchoring in financial markets. An exact solution of the algorithm is presented for arbitrary price distributions. Furthermore the algorithm is extended to cover the case of a market neutral portfolio, ...

  18. Pension policies after EU enlargement: Between financial market integration and sustainability of public finances

    OpenAIRE

    Wehlau, Diana; Sommer, Jörg

    2004-01-01

    "Am 1. Mai 2004 hat die Europäische Union (EU) mit dem Beitritt von acht Mittel- und Osteuropäischen Ländern (MOEL) sowie Malta und Zypern ihre umfassendste Erweiterung seit ihrer Gründung im Jahr 1957 vollzogen. In dieser erweiterten EU sind die Integration der Finanzmärkte einerseits sowie die Nachhaltigkeit der öffentlichen Haushalte und die der Alterssicherungssysteme andererseits zwei zentrale politische Zielsetzungen. Am Beispiel der neu beigetretenen Mitgliedstaaten verknüpft das Papie...

  19. Extreme times in financial markets.

    OpenAIRE

    Masoliver, Jaume, 1951-; Montero Torralbo, Miquel; Perelló, Josep

    2005-01-01

    We apply the theory of continuous time random walks (CTRWs) to study some aspects involving extreme events in financial time series. We focus our attention on the mean exit time (MET). We derive a general equation for this average and compare it with empirical results coming from high-frequency data of the U.S. dollar and Deutsche mark futures market. The empirical MET follows a quadratic law in the return length interval which is consistent with the CTRW formalism.

  20. Financial Integration in Emerging Asia: Challenges and Prospects

    OpenAIRE

    Park, Cyn-Young; Lee, Jong-wha

    2011-01-01

    Using both quantity- and price-based measures of financial integration, this paper shows an increasing degree of financial openness and integration in emerging Asian markets. This paper also assesses the impact of a regional shock relative to a global shock on local equity and bond markets. The findings of this paper suggest that the region’s equity markets are integrated more globally than regionally, although the degrees of both regional and global integration have increased significantly s...

  1. Financial frictions, financial shocks and labour market fluctuations in Canada

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Yahong

    2011-01-01

    What are the effects of financial market imperfections on unemployment and vacancies in Canada? The author estimates the model of Zhang (2011) - a standard monetary dynamic stochastic general-equilibrium model augmented with explicit financial and labour market frictions - with Canadian data for the period 1984Q2-2010Q4, and uses it to examine the importance of financial shocks on labour market fluctuations in Canada. She finds that the estimated value of the elasticity of external finance, t...

  2. Globalization, financial crisis and contagion: time-dynamic evidence from financial markets of developing countries

    OpenAIRE

    Simplice A., Asongu

    2011-01-01

    Financial integration among economies has the benefit of improving allocation efficiency and diversifying risk. However the recent global financial crisis, considered as the worst since the Great Depression has re-ignited the fierce debate about the merits of financial globalization and its implications for growth especially in developing countries. This paper examines whether equity markets in emerging countries were vulnerable to contagion during the recent financial meltdown. Findings show...

  3. The natural instability of financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    Kregel, Jan

    2007-01-01

    This paper contrasts the economic incentives implicit in the Keynes-Minsky approach to inherent financial market instability with the incentives behind the traditional equilibrium approach leading to market stability to provide a framework for analyzing the stability induced by the recent changes in bank regulation to modernize financial services and the evolution of financial engineering innovations in the U.S. financial system. It suggests that the changes that have occurred in the profit i...

  4. Relationship Service Marketing and Investment in Financial Market of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrdad Alipour

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In competitive world, having expertise, knowledge and marketing experience for financial market activities, especially brokerage firms has proven inevitable. This should be accompanied by performing marketing operations along with intermediary roles and carrying on the daily transactions of shares in the Tehran stock exchange market. The current study aims investigating the level of marketing knowledge used in stock exchange market, identifying the reasons behind deficient use of the marketing knowledge by the financial institutions (financial intermediaries, brokerage firms and etc, matching the marketing activities with the financial activities of the brokerage firms in the Tehran stock exchange and finally improving the investment in Tehran stock exchange market. Independent variables were selected based on services marketing mix such as product, price, place, promotion, physical facilities, people and process. The method used is survey-based and the universe has been drawn from among the financial institutions active in Tehran stock exchange and the regional branches of the country. The results obtained from the research show that, during the period reviewed, the dynamic marketing system in the financial market was the traditional system without attending to the modern criteria of financial service marketing in the areas relating communication and determination of the shares prices, services of conduct transactions of the financial analyses and encouragement the big companies to enter the Tehran Stock Exchange.

  5. A Financial Market Model and Its Application

    OpenAIRE

    Zheng Xing Chen

    2014-01-01

    A financial market model is developed according to the pricing mechanism in this paper. By simulating the influence among bargainer and price of financial asset, the model can be trained to fitting pricing process in real financial market such as stock market. A proof-test suggested that the model will be available when used in price forecast in short term. Result of forecast shows that the model is effective.

  6. A Financial Market Model and Its Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zheng Xing Chen

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available A financial market model is developed according to the pricing mechanism in this paper. By simulating the influence among bargainer and price of financial asset, the model can be trained to fitting pricing process in real financial market such as stock market. A proof-test suggested that the model will be available when used in price forecast in short term. Result of forecast shows that the model is effective.

  7. European financial integration and corporate governance

    OpenAIRE

    Buch, Claudia M.; Heinrich, Ralph P.

    2002-01-01

    The paper studies the link between the integration of European financial markets and corporate governance in Europe. The focus of the paper is on how integration affects the interplay of ownership structures, capital structures, and monitoring, all of which can be used to govern agency problems at the firm level. Integration is a process which comprises the abolition of capital controls, the harmonization of institutions, and the creation of a common currency area. These elements, in turn, af...

  8. International financial markets and development

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Peter, Wahl.

    Full Text Available The current financial crisis has not come about by chance. It is the result of a system that has emerged over the last 30 years and which Keynes may well have called the ‘casino economy’. The dominance of finance over real economy characterises the financial crisis, while finance itself is dominated [...] by the all-encompassing target of maximum profit at all times. Other aims of economic activity such as job creation, social welfare and development have fallen by the wayside. In response, new actors are surfacing, e.g. the institutional investor (hedge funds, private equity funds, etc.), while new instruments are leading to highly leveraged and destabilising derivatives. The casino system has been promoted by governments and intergovernmental institutions to liberalise and deregulate financial markets. Although developing countries have not participated in the casino system, they have been suffering most from the spill-over into the real economy. The main lesson learnt is that the casino has to be closed.

  9. International financial markets and development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Wahl

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available The current financial crisis has not come about by chance. It is the result of a system that has emerged over the last 30 years and which Keynes may well have called the ‘casino economy’. The dominance of finance over real economy characterises the financial crisis, while finance itself is dominated by the all-encompassing target of maximum profit at all times. Other aims of economic activity such as job creation, social welfare and development have fallen by the wayside. In response, new actors are surfacing, e.g. the institutional investor (hedge funds, private equity funds, etc., while new instruments are leading to highly leveraged and destabilising derivatives. The casino system has been promoted by governments and intergovernmental institutions to liberalise and deregulate financial markets. Although developing countries have not participated in the casino system, they have been suffering most from the spill-over into the real economy. The main lesson learnt is that the casino has to be closed.

  10. Financial transaction tax contributes to more sustainability in financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    Schäfer, Dorothea

    2012-01-01

    We argue that a financial transaction tax complements financial market regulation. With the tax, governments have an additional instrument at hand to influence trading activity. FTT aims to reduce regulatory arbitrage, flash trading, overactive portfolio management, excessive leverage and speculative transactions of financial institutions. The focus clearly addresses these classes of activities that have contributed to the financial crisis. However, if contrary to expectations harmful transac...

  11. The effect of the EMU on short and long-run stock market dynamics: New evidence on financial integration

    OpenAIRE

    Lafuente Luengo, Juan Ángel; Ordóñez Monfort, Javier

    2009-01-01

    This paper deals with the time evolution of stock market integra- tion around the introduction of the euro. In particular we test whether the degree of integration between the main eurozone countries increased after European monetary union. The contribution of the paper to the extant literature is twofold: a) first, we take into account the poten- tial long-run equilibrium relationship between stock indices allowing for structural changes in the cointegration space that might capture the ef- ...

  12. Practitioners' tools in analysing financial markets evolution

    OpenAIRE

    Mihaela Nicolau

    2010-01-01

    In a chaotic and confusing place as world of investing is, the practitioners, who operate on markets every day, have continuously searched to forecast properly the market movements. More minded to financial speculations, practitioners analyse financial markets looking for potential weaknesses of the Efficient Market Hypothesis, and most of the times their methods are criticised by academics. This article intends to present the traditional tools used by traders and brokers in analysing financi...

  13. Financial Repression To Financial Liberalisation Of Indian Banking And Capital Market Sectors (pre &post 1991 Reforms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raghavendra Rao Rentala

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Financial sector of any Economy is multi-faceted term. It refers to legal and institutional arrangements, financial intermediaries, markets and instruments with both domestic and external dimensions. The Economic Development of a nation is reflected by the progress of the various economic units, broadly classified into Corporate sector, Government and Household sector. While performing their activities these units will be placed in a surplus/deficit/balanced budgetary situations.Financial system comprises a set of sub-systems of Financial Institutions, Financial Markets, Financial Instruments and services which help arranging this mechanism. A financial system or financial sector functions as an intermediary and facilitates the flow of funds from the areas of surplus to the areas of deficit. The Financial System is characterized by the presence of integrated financial markets, and institutions that meet the short term and long term financial needs of both the household and corporate sector. The role and importance of financial sector in the process of economic growth has evolved over a time along with the changing paradigms especially in Banking and the Financial (Capital Markets for pooling up of long term sources. The growth of Banks and Capital Markets can be studied in three phases. Firstly, to overview these sectors during Pre Reforms Development (1947-1991 . Secondly, reasons for Indian Economic Crisis in 1991 which had led to “Financial Repression”. Thirdly, reforms in 1991 and its contribution to the development of sectors mentioned which can be named as “ Financial Liberalisation” . The study has revealed that these sectors had flourished with a very positive growth especially after 1991 due to various developments and sectoral reforms under taken in these segments.

  14. Telegraph models of financial markets

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    NIKITA, RATANOV.

    2007-10-29

    Full Text Available En este artículo introducimos un modelo de mercado financiero basado en movimientos aleatorios con la alternancia de velocidades y con saltos que ocurren cuando la velocidad se cambia. Este modelo es libre del arbitraje si las direcciones de saltos están en cierta correspondencia con las direcciones [...] de velocidades del movimiento subyacente. Suponemos que la tasa de interés depende del estado de mercado. Las estrategias reproducibles para opciones son construidas en detalles. Se obtienen las fórmulas de forma cerrada para los precios de opción. Abstract in english In this paper we develop a financial market model based on continuous time random motions with alternating constant velocities and with jumps occurring when the velocity switches. If jump directions are in the certain correspondence with the velocity directions of the underlying random motion with r [...] espect to the interest rate, the model is free of arbitrage and complete. Memory effects of this model are discussed.

  15. Telegraph models of financial markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NIKITA RATANOV

    Full Text Available In this paper we develop a financial market model based on continuous time random motions with alternating constant velocities and with jumps occurring when the velocity switches. If jump directions are in the certain correspondence with the velocity directions of the underlying random motion with respect to the interest rate, the model is free of arbitrage and complete. Memory effects of this model are discussed.En este artículo introducimos un modelo de mercado financiero basado en movimientos aleatorios con la alternancia de velocidades y con saltos que ocurren cuando la velocidad se cambia. Este modelo es libre del arbitraje si las direcciones de saltos están en cierta correspondencia con las direcciones de velocidades del movimiento subyacente. Suponemos que la tasa de interés depende del estado de mercado. Las estrategias reproducibles para opciones son construidas en detalles. Se obtienen las fórmulas de forma cerrada para los precios de opción.

  16. Rural Financial Markets in Developing Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Conning, Jonathan; Udry, Christopher

    2005-01-01

    This review examines portions of the vast literature on rural financial markets and household behavior in the face of risk and uncertainty. We place particular emphasis on studying the important role of financial intermediaries, competition and regulation in shaping the changing structure and organization of rural markets, rather than on household strategies and bilateral contracting. Our goal is to provide a framework within which the evolution of financial intermediation in rural economies ...

  17. Time series analysis for financial market meltdowns

    OpenAIRE

    Young Shin Kim; Rachev, Svetlozar T.; Bianchi, Michele Leonardo; Mitov, Ivan; Fabozzi, Frank J.

    2010-01-01

    There appears to be a consensus that the recent instability in global financial markets may be attributable in part to the failure of financial modeling. More specifically, current risk models have failed to properly assess the risks associated with large adverse stock price behavior. In this paper, we first discuss the limitations of classical time series models for forecasting financial market meltdowns. Then we set forth a framework capable of forecasting both extreme events and highly vol...

  18. MEASURING INTEGRATED MARKETING COMMUNICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damjana JERMAN

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The concept of integrated marketing communications continues to gain widespread attention and interest among academics and practitioners around the world. Among the objectives of our paper may be considered dealing with changes in the conceptualization of integrated marketing communication and measuring the dimensions of this conceptual area. Two priorities guide our paper: 1 a more complete view for the conceptualization of integrated marketing communication; and 2 an empirical analysis for measuring the concept of integrated marketing communication. The study present a four dimensional conceptualization of integrated marketing communications and empirically develops its measurement instrument with 15-item scale. This paper presents the results of a study that examines integrated marketing communication in the sample of Slovenian companies and it closes with the implications of the findings.

  19. FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES’ ACTIVITY ON ROMANIAN CAPITAL MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dumitru-Cristian OANEA

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The financial shifts encountered in the last decade, increase the importance of capital markets in emerging countries, which is also Romania’s case. The banking system was for a long period of time the main source of liquidity for the economy. Meanwhile, the situation is changing due to the importance that capital market has in financing the economy. Through this paper we analyze the transactions’ evolution made by financial intermediaries on Romanian capital market, by highlighting the Societies for Financial Services and Investments (SSIF. Based on this evolution, we identified the main significant differences and similarities between the SSIFs existing on the market.

  20. The rise of emerging markets' financial market architecture: constituting new roles in the global financial goverancen

    OpenAIRE

    Metzger, Martina; Taube, Günther

    2010-01-01

    This paper analyses the impact of the global financial crisis on Brazil, India and South Africa whose financial markets have shown strong resilience to the global financial turmoil. The paper shows, that in contrast to advanced countries in these emerging market economies there is contagion from the real sector through a slump in exports and a decline in industrial production. Although exposure to toxic assets has been very low, financial markets of the economies under consideration have come...

  1. Financial Market Modeling with Quantum Neural Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Gonçalves, Carlos Pedro

    2015-01-01

    Econophysics has developed as a research field that applies the formalism of Statistical Mechanics and Quantum Mechanics to address Economics and Finance problems. The branch of Econophysics that applies of Quantum Theory to Economics and Finance is called Quantum Econophysics. In Finance, Quantum Econophysics' contributions have ranged from option pricing to market dynamics modeling, behavioral finance and applications of Game Theory, integrating the empirical finding, from human decision analysis, that shows that nonlinear update rules in probabilities, leading to non-additive decision weights, can be computationally approached from quantum computation, with resulting quantum interference terms explaining the non-additive probabilities. The current work draws on these results to introduce new tools from Quantum Artificial Intelligence, namely Quantum Artificial Neural Networks as a way to build and simulate financial market models with adaptive selection of trading rules, leading to turbulence and excess ku...

  2. MEASURING INTEGRATED MARKETING COMMUNICATION

    OpenAIRE

    Damjana JERMAN; Završnik, Bruno

    2011-01-01

    The concept of integrated marketing communications continues to gain widespread attention and interest among academics and practitioners around the world. Among the objectives of our paper may be considered dealing with changes in the conceptualization of integrated marketing communication and measuring the dimensions of this conceptual area. Two priorities guide our paper: 1) a more complete view for the conceptualization of integrated marketing communication; and 2) an empirical analysis fo...

  3. Financial Markets, Financial Intermediation, and Bailout Policy

    OpenAIRE

    Vinogradov, Dmitri V.

    2006-01-01

    The 1980s and 1990s have been marked with a series of financial and banking crises all over the world. This turned the attention of economists to such questions as how a financial system should be structured in order to reduce the vulnerability of an economy to the risk of a crisis, or what policy should regulators follow in order to prevent the crises, and what regulatory measures would help in reduction of harmful effects of the crises? This dissertation studies relative advantages of a ba...

  4. “Lamfalussy Architecture” – A Model for Consolidating the Financial Markets’ Supervision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae Dardac

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available The enhancement of convergence in the supervisory practices, both by increasing the quality of the legal framework and of the regulations in the field of financial services and by improving the consultation process, represents a prerequisite for setting up the Single Market for financial services at EU level. In order to reach this goal a new approach, known as “Lamfalussy Architecture”, has been developed. The implementation of this model will increase the efficiency of the regulatory and supervisory framework within the financial markets, by removing the obstacles in the way of their integration into the Single Market. At the same time, setting up an EU Single Market implies a thorough monitoring of the financial stability through a constant review of the regulatory and supervisory framework.

  5. Relationship Service Marketing and Investment in Financial Market of Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Mehrdad Alipour; Reza Ahmadi; Hamed Abasi Nami

    2012-01-01

    In competitive world, having expertise, knowledge and marketing experience for financial market activities, especially brokerage firms has proven inevitable. This should be accompanied by performing marketing operations along with intermediary roles and carrying on the daily transactions of shares in the Tehran stock exchange market. The current study aims investigating the level of marketing knowledge used in stock exchange market, identifying the reasons behind deficient use of the marketin...

  6. Money and liquidity in financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    Nyborg, Kjell G.; Östberg, Per Nils Anders

    2010-01-01

    We argue that there is a connection between the interbank market for liquidity and the broader financial markets, which has its basis in demand for liquidity by banks. Tightness in the interbank market for liquidity leads banks to engage in what we term “liquidity pull-back,” which involves selling financial assets either by banks directly or by levered investors. Empirical tests support this hypothesis. While our data covers part of the recent crisis period, our results are not driven by the...

  7. A stochastic model for the financial market with discontinuous prices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leda D. Minkova

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper models some situations occurring in the financial market. The asset prices evolve according to a stochastic integral equation driven by a Gaussian martingale. A portfolio process is constrained in such a way that the wealth process covers some obligation. A solution to a linear stochastic integral equation is obtained in a class of cadlag stochastic processes.

  8. Understanding Financial Market States Using Artificial Double Auction Market

    OpenAIRE

    Yim, Kyubin; Oh, Gabjin; Kim, Seunghwan

    2015-01-01

    The ultimate value of theories of the fundamental mechanisms comprising the asset price in financial systems will be reflected in the capacity of such theories to understand these systems. Although the models that explain the various states of financial markets offer substantial evidences from the fields of finance, mathematics, and even physics to explain states observed in the real financial markets, previous theories that attempt to fully explain the complexities of finan...

  9. Financial Stability and Market Structure: International Evidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Soares da Silva

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Although the economic theory recognizes the ambiguous relationship between market structure and stability of the bank sector, some models, such as the one of competition-fragility by Allen and Gale (2004, suggest that increasing competition leads financial institutions to take more risks. As a result, financial markets that are more concentrated also present higher financial stability. To assess this hypothesis, we estimate a dynamic panel data model for 41 countries in the period from 1987 to 2007. The econometric model included covariates for level of income, characteristics of the financial market, economic environment, and macro prudential regulation. We used the following databases: “A new database on financial development and structure” and “Bank regulation and supervision”, from the World Bank, and “Systemic banking crises: a new database”, from the International Monetary Fund. The results indicate that the greater the market concentration the higher the stability of the banking system.

  10. Financial instability from local market measures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bardoscia, Marco; Livan, Giacomo; Marsili, Matteo

    2012-08-01

    We study the emergence of instabilities in a stylized model of a financial market, when different market actors calculate prices according to different (local) market measures. We derive typical properties for ensembles of large random markets using techniques borrowed from statistical mechanics of disordered systems. We show that, depending on the number of financial instruments available and on the heterogeneity of local measures, the market moves from an arbitrage-free phase to an unstable one, where the complexity of the market—as measured by the diversity of financial instruments—increases, and arbitrage opportunities arise. A sharp transition separates the two phases. Focusing on two different classes of local measures inspired by real market strategies, we are able to analytically compute the critical lines, corroborating our findings with numerical simulations.

  11. Fraudulent agents in an artificial financial market

    CERN Document Server

    Scalas, E; Dose, C; Raberto, M; Scalas, Enrico; Cincotti, Silvano; Dose, Christian; Raberto, Marco

    2003-01-01

    The problem of insider trading and other illegal practices in financial markets is an important issue in the field of financial regulatory policies. Market control bodies, such as the US SEC or the Italian CONSOB regularly perform statistical analyses on security prices in order to unveil clues of fraudulent behaviour within the market. Fraudulent behaviour is connected to the more general problem of information asymmetries, which had already been addressed in the field of experimental economics. Recently, interesting conclusions were drawn thanks to a computer-simulated market where agents had different pieces of information about the future dividend cash flow of exchanged securities. Here, by means of an agent-based artificial market: the Genoa Artificial Stock Market (GASM), the more specific problem of fraudulent behaviour in a financial market is studied. A simplified model of fraudulent behaviour is implemented and the action of fraudulent agents on the statistical properties of simulated prices and the...

  12. Financial instability from local market measures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study the emergence of instabilities in a stylized model of a financial market, when different market actors calculate prices according to different (local) market measures. We derive typical properties for ensembles of large random markets using techniques borrowed from statistical mechanics of disordered systems. We show that, depending on the number of financial instruments available and on the heterogeneity of local measures, the market moves from an arbitrage-free phase to an unstable one, where the complexity of the market—as measured by the diversity of financial instruments—increases, and arbitrage opportunities arise. A sharp transition separates the two phases. Focusing on two different classes of local measures inspired by real market strategies, we are able to analytically compute the critical lines, corroborating our findings with numerical simulations. (paper)

  13. The Economic Efficiency of Financial Markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yougui

    In this paper, we investigate the economic efficiency of markets and specify its applicability to financial markets. The statistical expressions of supply and demand of a market are formulated in terms of willingness prices. By introducing probability of realized exchange, we also formulate the realized market surplus. It can be proved that only when the market is in equilibrium the realized surplus can reach its maximum value. The market efficiency can be measured by the ratio of realized surplus to its maximum value. For a financial market, the market participants are composed of two groups: producers and speculators. The former brings the surplus into the market and the latter provides liquidity to make them realized.

  14. International financial integration and entrepreneurship

    OpenAIRE

    Alfaro, Laura; Charlton, Andrew

    2006-01-01

    We explore the relation between international financial integration and the level of entrepreneurial activity in a country. Using a unique data set of approximately 24 million firms in nearly 100 countries in 1999 and 2004, we find suggestive evidence that international financial integration has been associated with higher levels of entrepreneurial activity. Our results are robust to using various proxies for entrepreneurial activity such as entry, size, and skewness of the firm-size distribu...

  15. Algorithmic Complexity in Real Financial Markets

    CERN Document Server

    Mansilla, R

    2001-01-01

    A new approach to the understanding of complex behavior of financial markets index using tools from thermodynamics and statistical physics is developed. Physical complexity, a magnitude rooted in Kolmogorov-Chaitin theory is applied to binary sequences built up from real time series of financial markets indexes. The study is based on NASDAQ and Mexican IPC data. Different behaviors of this magnitude are shown when applied to the intervals of series placed before crashes and to intervals when no financial turbulence is observed. The connection between our results and The Efficient Market Hypothesis is discussed.

  16. Integration in primary community care networks (PCCNs: examination of governance, clinical, marketing, financial, and information infrastructures in a national demonstration project in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Blossom Yen-Ju

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Taiwan's primary community care network (PCCN demonstration project, funded by the Bureau of National Health Insurance on March 2003, was established to discourage hospital shopping behavior of people and drive the traditional fragmented health care providers into cooperate care models. Between 2003 and 2005, 268 PCCNs were established. This study profiled the individual members in the PCCNs to study the nature and extent to which their network infrastructures have been integrated among the members (clinics and hospitals within individual PCCNs. Methods The thorough questionnaire items, covering the network working infrastructures – governance, clinical, marketing, financial, and information integration in PCCNs, were developed with validity and reliability confirmed. One thousand five hundred and fifty-seven clinics that had belonged to PCCNs for more than one year, based on the 2003–2005 Taiwan Primary Community Care Network List, were surveyed by mail. Nine hundred and twenty-eight clinic members responded to the surveys giving a 59.6 % response rate. Results Overall, the PCCNs' members had higher involvement in the governance infrastructure, which was usually viewed as the most important for establishment of core values in PCCNs' organization design and management at the early integration stage. In addition, it found that there existed a higher extent of integration of clinical, marketing, and information infrastructures among the hospital-clinic member relationship than those among clinic members within individual PCCNs. The financial infrastructure was shown the least integrated relative to other functional infrastructures at the early stage of PCCN formation. Conclusion There was still room for better integrated partnerships, as evidenced by the great variety of relationships and differences in extent of integration in this study. In addition to provide how the network members have done for their initial work at the early stage of network forming in this study, the detailed surveyed items, the concepts proposed by the managerial and theoretical professionals, could be a guide for those health care providers who have willingness to turn their business into multi-organizations.

  17. Financial Integration and Macroeconomic Volatility: Does Financial Development Matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Eozenou, Patrick

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we analyze the relationship between international financial integration and macroeconomic volatility. Looking at a panel of 90 countries over the period 1960-2000, we find that domestic financial conditions matter when assessing the impact of financial integration on consumption growth volatility. More specifically, consumption growth volatility is found to increase with the degree of financial integration in countries with low level of financial development and to decrea...

  18. THE FINANCIAL CRISIS AND THE EMERGING MARKETS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LORENA POPESCU DUDUIAL?

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The emerging markets emerge and develop in the larger context of the international financial market development "is a consequence of the needs expressed by investors and those who wish to place their financial capital." Thus, to achieve a certain level of saturation economic zones and the lack of attractiveness of gains obtainable in certain markets determine the migration of capital to areas that are or may become interesting in terms of the gains that are achieved by investing in these areas in conjunction minimizing market risk assumed.

  19. Corporate social responsibility and financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    Dam, Lammertjan,

    2008-01-01

    This thesis examines the economics of corporate social responsibility, with an emphasis on the role of financial markets and institutions. Questions that are raised are: What does corporate social responsibility mean in an economic context? What is the impact of corporate social responsibility on the financial performance of a company? What kind of role can a stock market play in trying to achieve sustainable development? What is the relation between corporate social responsibility, economic...

  20. Investigating Contagion and Market Interdependence during the Global Financial Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filip Iorgulescu

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the roles played by market interdependence and contagion in the propagation of the 2007-2009 global financial crisis. For this purpose, five aggregate indices were employed, representing all the major financial markets from each geographical region. The data series are daily and they cover the period between 2002 and 2014. The presence of contagion and market interdependence was assessed by means of the values and value changes of the correlation coefficients between the ante crisis (2002-2007, the crisis (2007-2009 and the post crisis (2009-2014 intervals, as well as with the aid of a spillover index. The results indicate a high degree of interdependence between the global financial markets even before the occurrence of the crisis. On the other hand, there is evidence that the crisis spread through contagion mainly from the developed financial markets of Europe and North America to the emerging centers in Africa and Latin America while the markets from the Asia/Pacific region displayed lower correlations which may have given opportunities for the mitigation of losses. Moreover, since the majority of the correlation coefficients have not decreased significantly after the 2007-2009 period, it seems that the crisis intensified the degree of global financial integration.?

  1. Models of Financial Market Information Ecology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Challet, Damien

    I discuss a new simple framework that allows a more realistic modelling of speculation. The resulting model features expliciting position holding, contagion between predictability patterns, allows for an explicit measure of market inefficiency and substantiates the use of the minority game to study information ecology in financial markets.

  2. Regulation of Banking and Financial Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Pacces, A.M.; Heremans, D.

    2011-01-01

    Abstract: This paper is one chapter of the volume “Regulation and Economics” of the second edition of the Encyclopedia of Law and Economics. The authors review the economics of banking and financial markets and the regulatory response to market failure. Market failure in finance depends on problems of information and externalities. Regulation addresses these problems through conduct of business rules and prudential requirements. This approach has recently proved insufficient to prevent fin...

  3. Moods Modelling on the Financial Markets.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vácha, Lukáš; Vošvrda, Miloslav

    Ostrava : Technical University of Ostrava, 2007, s. 1-7. ISBN 978-80-248-1457-5; ISBN 978-80-248-1458-2. [Mathematical Methods in Economics . Ostrava (CZ), 04.09.2007-06.09.2007] R&D Projects: GA ?R GD402/03/H057; GA ?R(CZ) GA402/06/1417 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Keywords : efficient markets hypothesis * fractal market hypothesis * mood on the financial market Subject RIV: AH - Economics

  4. Spiraling toward market completeness and financial instability

    OpenAIRE

    Marsili, Matteo

    2009-01-01

    I study the limit of a large random economy, where a set of consumers invests in financial instruments engineered by banks, in order to optimize their future consumption. This exercise shows that, even in the ideal case of perfect competition, where full information is available to all market participants, the equilibrium develops a marked vulnerability (or susceptibility) to market imperfections, as markets approach completeness and transaction costs vanish. The decrease in...

  5. Financial derivatives in power marketing: The basics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the ongoing changes in the power industry worldwide, electricity is beginning to be traded like other commodities. The use of financial derivative instruments in power markets is on the rise. The purpose of this paper is to explain the role of these derivatives in risk management which is vital for survival in the increasingly competitive industry. Starting with the familiar cash markets, the paper discusses the basics of futures, options, and swap markets as applied to electric energy trading

  6. Adoption of the Objectives of the Monetary and Economic Union and European Financial Integration

    OpenAIRE

    M?D?LINA R?DOI; ALEXANDRU OLTEANU

    2014-01-01

    The European concerns, with old traditions in forming multinational financial markets, developed in the integration of the financial markets and of the European banking systems which allowed the investors from any European country to follow the orders on the best market, through the best beneficiary, benefitting from the most effective financial-banking services. This market offers sophisticated and modern financial tools, which cope with the needs of the invertors, portfolio ...

  7. Asymmetric information and financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    Estrada, Fernando

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to explore the relevance of the Asymmetric Information and the Theory of Argumentation TA in the complex area of financial crises. Specifically, we investigated the scope of the phenomenon of persuasion in advertising. It examines advertisements in publications notable economic movement in Colombia. The financial communication is important to distinguish how to run the models of behavior based on beliefs of agents. Consequently, investors' beliefs can also change systematicall...

  8. Financial Integration with Heterogeneous Beliefs

    OpenAIRE

    Rieger, Jörg

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we study the effects of ?nancial integration on risk-sharing. Conventional macroeconomic theory suggests that the integration of ?nancial markets improves welfare. In contrast to the literature we assume that households have heterogeneous beliefs. Because of the differences in beliefs, households are not only sharing the risk but also speculating. We show that with speculation, ?nancial integration can increase the risk in the economy and that a full ?nancial integration is not ...

  9. Integrated Marketing Communications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Jim

    2004-01-01

    Integration has become a cliche in enrollment management and student services circles. The term is used to describe everything from integrated marketing to seamless services. Often, it defines organizational structures, processes, student information systems, and even communities. In Robert Sevier's article in this issue of "College and…

  10. Career concerns in financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    DASGUPTA, Amil; PRAT, Andrea

    2004-01-01

    What are the equilibrium features of a market where a sizeable portion of traders face career concerns? This question is central to our understanding of Þnancial markets that are increasingly dominated by institutional investors. We construct a model of delegated portfolio management that captures key features of the US mutual fund industry and we embed it into an asset pricing set-up. Fund managers differ in their ability to understand market fundamentals, and in every period investors choos...

  11. Real and Financial Integration in East Asia

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Soyoung; Lee, Jong-wha

    2008-01-01

    We examine the real and financial integration of East Asian economies, comparing the degree of real versus financial integration, the degree of global versus regional integration, and the extent of integration before versus after the 1997/98 financial crisis in East Asian economies. We analyze price and quantity measures of integration such as the size of intra- and inter-regional trade, cross-border financial assets, correlation of stock returns, and interest rate differentials. In addition,...

  12. Correlated Stochastic Dynamics in Financial Markets.

    OpenAIRE

    Perelló Palou, Josep

    2001-01-01

    Thesis investigates the dynamics of financial markets. Nowadays, this is one of the emergent fields in physics and requires a multidisciplinary approach. The thesis studies the first work made by the financial mathematicians and presents those in a more comprehensible form for a physicist. Option pricing is perhaps most complete problem. Until very recently, stochastic differential equations theory was solely applied to finance by mathematicians. The thesis reviews the theory of Black-Schole...

  13. Theory of argumentation in financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    Estrada, Fernando

    2010-01-01

    This paper aims to explore the relevance of the Theory of Argumentation TA in the complex area of financial reporting. Specifically, we investigated the scope of the phenomenon of persuasion in advertising. It examines advertisements in publications notable economic movement in Colombia. The financial communication is important to distinguish how to run the models of behavior based on beliefs of agents. Consequently, investors' beliefs can also change systematically with changes in market pri...

  14. International financial markets and development

    OpenAIRE

    Peter Wahl

    2009-01-01

    The current financial crisis has not come about by chance. It is the result of a system that has emerged over the last 30 years and which Keynes may well have called the ‘casino economy’. The dominance of finance over real economy characterises the financial crisis, while finance itself is dominated by the all-encompassing target of maximum profit at all times. Other aims of economic activity such as job creation, social welfare and development have fallen by the wayside. In response, new act...

  15. Financial markets as adaptative ecosystems

    CERN Document Server

    Potters, M; Bouchaud, J P; Potters, Marc; Cont, Rama; Bouchaud, Jean-Philippe

    1996-01-01

    The option markets offer a very interesting example of the adaptation of a population (the traders) to a complex environment, through trial and errors and natural selection (unefficent traders disappear quickly). Guided by the Black-Scholes theory, but constrained by the fact that `bad' prices lead to arbitrage opportunities, option markets agree on prices which are close, but significantly and systematically different from the BS formula. Surprisingly, a detailed study of the observed market prices clearly shows that, despite the lack of an appropriate model, traders have empirically adapted to incorporate some subtle information on the real statistics of price changes.

  16. News Cohesiveness: an Indicator of Systemic Risk in Financial Markets

    CERN Document Server

    Piškorec, Matija; Novak, Petra Kralj; Mozeti?, Igor; Gr?ar, Miha; Vodenska, Irena; Šmuc, Tomislav

    2014-01-01

    Motivated by recent financial crises significant research efforts have been put into studying contagion effects and herding behaviour in financial markets. Much less has been said about influence of financial news on financial markets. We propose a novel measure of collective behaviour in financial news on the Web, News Cohesiveness Index (NCI), and show that it can be used as a systemic risk indicator. We evaluate the NCI on financial documents from large Web news sources on a daily basis from October 2011 to July 2013 and analyse the interplay between financial markets and financially related news. We hypothesized that strong cohesion in financial news reflects movements in the financial markets. Cohesiveness is more general and robust measure of systemic risk expressed in news, than measures based on simple occurrences of specific terms. Our results indicate that cohesiveness in the financial news is highly correlated with and driven by volatility on the financial markets.

  17. The financial crisis: A wake-up call for strengthening regional monitoring of financial markets and regional coordination of financial sector policies?

    OpenAIRE

    Winkler, Adalbert

    2010-01-01

    How much can regional monitoring of financial markets and coordination of financial sector policies contribute to preventing and mitigating financial crises? This paper reviews and compares the experiences of Europe and Asia, which have taken different routes and have achieved different levels of regional financial integration. The analysis suggests that the harmonization and coordination of regulation and supervision, with a strong focus on maturity and currency mismatch problems, would cons...

  18. Temporal Evolution of Financial Market Correlations

    CERN Document Server

    Fenn, Daniel J; Williams, Stacy; McDonald, Mark; Johnson, Neil F; Jones, Nick S

    2010-01-01

    We investigate financial market correlations using random matrix theory and principal component analysis. We use random matrix theory to demonstrate that correlation matrices of asset price changes contain structure that is incompatible with uncorrelated random price changes. We then identify the principal components of these correlation matrices and demonstrate that a small number of components accounts for a large proportion of the variability of the markets that we consider. We then characterize the time-evolving relationships between the different assets by investigating the correlations between the asset price time series and principal components. Using this approach, we uncover notable changes that occurred in financial markets and identify the assets that were significantly affected by these changes. We show in particular that there was an increase in the strength of the relationships between several different markets following the 2007--2008 credit and liquidity crisis.

  19. A quantitative description for efficient financial markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Immonen, Eero

    2015-09-01

    In this article we develop a control system model for describing efficient financial markets. We define the efficiency of a financial market in quantitative terms by robust asymptotic price-value equality in this model. By invoking the Internal Model Principle of robust output regulation theory we then show that under No Bubble Conditions, in the proposed model, the market is efficient if and only if the following conditions hold true: (1) the traders, as a group, can identify any mispricing in asset value (even if no one single trader can do it accurately), and (2) the traders, as a group, incorporate an internal model of the value process (again, even if no one single trader knows it). This main result of the article, which deliberately avoids the requirement for investor rationality, demonstrates, in quantitative terms, that the more transparent the markets are, the more efficient they are. An extensive example is provided to illustrate the theoretical development.

  20. Does social interaction destabilise financial markets?

    OpenAIRE

    König, Frederik

    2013-01-01

    With this paper, I propose a simple asset pricing model that accounts for the influence from social interaction. Investors are assumed to make up their mind about an asset's price based on a forecasting strategy and its past profitability as well as on the contemporaneous expectations of other market participants. Empirically analysing stocks in the DAX30 index, I provide evidence that social interaction rather destabilises financial markets. At least, it does not have a stabilising effect.

  1. Does social interaction destablise financial markets?

    OpenAIRE

    König, Frederik

    2012-01-01

    With this paper, I propose a simple asset pricing model that accounts for the influence from social interaction. Investors are assumed to make up their mind about an asset’s price based on a forecasting strategy and its past profitability as well as on the contemporaneous expectations of other market participants. Empirically analysing stocks of the DAX30 index, I provide evidence that social interaction rather destabilises financial markets. Based on my results, I state that at least, it doe...

  2. On Financial Markets Based on Telegraph Processes

    OpenAIRE

    Ratanov, Nikita; Melnikov, Alexander

    2007-01-01

    The paper develops a new class of financial market models. These models are based on generalized telegraph processes: Markov random flows with alternating velocities and jumps occurring when the velocities are switching. While such markets may admit an arbitrage opportunity, the model under consideration is arbitrage-free and complete if directions of jumps in stock prices are in a certain correspondence with their velocity and interest rate behaviour. An analog of the Black...

  3. Three essays on financial markets and banking

    OpenAIRE

    Bertsch, Christoph

    2013-01-01

    This thesis comprises theoretical work on financial markets and banking. The first essay features a model of liquidity provision. I analyze how the severity of adverse selection problems in one market is affected if alternative sources of finance, which are not subject to adverse selection problems, become more easily available. In particular, I find that the adverse selection problem can be either mitigated or amplified, giving rise to new implications for equilibrium welfare, efficiency and...

  4. Rethinking Consumer Protection Policy in Financial Markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liran Haim

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA HE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0in; mso-para-margin-right:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0in; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-language:HE;} Financial products for consumers usually are characterized by complexity and incomprehensibility. Consumers typically find themselves defeated when attempting to control their financial destiny by understanding these products. This Article explores the economic and social factors that lead to this reality, analyzes its highly negative private and social ramifications and proposes an appropriate policy response. I argue that the current market structure creates a reality in which financial institutions are motivated to produce complex financial products for consumers in order to maximize their profits. This market structure, combined with inadequate policy, induces inefficiency by allocating the comprehension costs of financial products to the consumer.   My thesis is that a fundamental change in risk allocation policy will steer the market toward consumer comprehension of financial products and, therefore, will reduce private and social costs, increase consumer trust in financial institutions and promote social cohesion. I propose a new default liability rule under which financial institutions would be required to introduce internal procedures and mechanisms to ensure product comprehension among all of their consumers. To encourage maximum compliance with my proposal, I suggest implementing a reputation-based incentives method that would require every financial institution branch to publicly post a service quality ranking assigned by the regulator. I also support a trust-oriented licensing policy that would encourage the inclusion of new trustworthy financial institutions in the market and offer the implementation of a new regime for supervising financial product contract terms.                 

  5. A mathematical model for financial innovation : empirical evidence from financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    ????????, ?????????

    2011-01-01

    Financial innovation is an important research topic modern economics. Financial innovation is an ongoing process where new financial products, services and procedures are created and it concerns important financial factors such as the regulatory restrictions, the relationship between financial innovation and the functionality of financial markets, the inefficiency of markets promoted by globalization and unexpected changes of economic status and financial intermediary. The previous literat...

  6. The statistical mechanics of financial markets

    CERN Document Server

    Voit, Johannes

    2003-01-01

    From the reviews of the first edition - "Provides an excellent introduction for physicists interested in the statistical properties of financial markets. Appropriately early in the book the basic financial terms such as shorts, limit orders, puts, calls, and other terms are clearly defined. Examples, often with graphs, augment the reader’s understanding of what may be a plethora of new terms and ideas… [This is] an excellent starting point for the physicist interested in the subject. Some of the book’s strongest features are its careful definitions, its detailed examples, and the connection it establishes to physical systems." PHYSICS TODAY "This book is excellent at illustrating the similarities of financial markets with other non-equilibrium physical systems. [...] In summary, a very good book that offers more than just qualitative comparisons of physics and finance." (www.quantnotes.com) This highly-praised introductory treatment describes parallels between statistical physics and finance - both thos...

  7. Statistics of financial markets an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Franke, Jürgen; Hafner, Christian Matthias

    2015-01-01

    Now in its fourth edition, this book offers a detailed yet concise introduction to the growing field of statistical applications in finance. The reader will learn the basic methods of evaluating option contracts, analyzing financial time series, selecting portfolios and managing risks based on realistic assumptions about market behavior. The focus is both on the fundamentals of mathematical finance and financial time series analysis, and on applications to given problems concerning financial markets, thus making the book the ideal basis for lectures, seminars and crash courses on the topic. For this new edition the book has been updated and extensively revised and now includes several new aspects, e.g. new chapters on long memory models, copulae and CDO valuation. Practical exercises with solutions have also been added. Both R and Matlab Code, together with the data, can be downloaded from the book’s product page and www.quantlet.de

  8. DERIVATIVE MARKET: AN INTEGRAL PART OF THE ZIMBABWE STOCK EXCHANGE

    OpenAIRE

    KOSMAS NJANIKE

    2010-01-01

    The study assesses the need for a derivative market as an integral of Zimbabwe Stock Exchange. It also aims to evaluate the feasibility of establishing a derivative market as an essential element of Zimbabwe Stock Exchange. The research identifies factors that need to be addressed to facilitate such a market. Views of various fund managers, financial analysts and dealers drawn from asset management firms were used. Changes in market trends are influenced by hyper inflation and acute financial...

  9. Market microstructure and nonlinear dynamics keeping financial crisis in context

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    Examines the market microstructure dynamics to understand effects of financial downturn Provides information and analysis of new financial regulations Helps to define optimal investment strategies A definitive volume with contributions from leading experts on market microstructure

  10. Open dynamic behaviour of financial markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, F. F.; Gong, F. X.; Gong, F. Y.

    2006-02-01

    Open dynamic behaviour of financial markets with internal interactions between agents and with external “fields” from other systems are investigated using the approach of Grossman and Stiglitz for inefficient markets, and Keynes for interference of the market using physics of finance (referred to hereafter as phynance). The simulation results indicate that the NYSE data analyzed in Plerou, V. et al., Nature 421, 130 (2003) can be fitted by an equation of order parameter ? and local deviation R of type: -(R+0.03) ?+ 0.6 ?3 + 0.02 = 0, which is shown to be in remarkable agreement with Plerou's data.

  11. The role of accounting in financial markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Taue Saito

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the relation between accounting and financial markets by showingthat the relevance of this relation is clearly stated by the different interests of managers,investors, shareholders, creditors, and the government, among other stakeholders due to thefact that it gives them updated and reliable information about the financial condition ofthe company. The study is supported by three pillars: relation between finance and theaccounting theory, evolution of the role played by professionals in this area; and theimportance of the impact of the accounting information for the economic agents. Theresults suggest that stakeholders demand different financial information in order to assesscompany performance. This work contributes by highlighting that accounting must considerthe different needs of stakeholders and not solely financial metrics of profitability.

  12. Foreign bond markets and financial market development: International perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Batten, Jonathan A.; Hogan, Warren P.; SZILAGYI, Peter G.

    2009-01-01

    The domestic bond markets of the Asia and Pacific region have grown considerably since the Asian financial crisis of 1997, although they remain undeveloped relative to the region's weight in the world economy. This paper proposes that in order to encourage further development of these markets, regulators should make them more accessible to foreign borrowers. To that end we offer insights into the nature and mechanics of foreign bond issuance by investigating the key characteristics of 3,132 f...

  13. International financial integration and crisis intensity

    OpenAIRE

    Rose, Andrew K.

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyzes the causes of the 2008 - 2009 global financial crisis together with its manifestations, using a Multiple Indicator Multiple Cause (MIMIC) model. The analysis is conducted on a cross-section of 85 countries. It is found that more financially integrated countries do not seem to have suffered more during the most serious macroeconomic crisis in decades. This strengthens the case for international financial integration; if the costs of international financial integration were ...

  14. Financial markets: the recent experience of a developing economy

    OpenAIRE

    ADAM, MUSTAFA HASSAN MOHAMMAD

    2009-01-01

    The financial sector plays a crucial role in economic growth; it allows an efficient transfer of resources from those who save to those who invest. This sector comprises financial institutions, markets and instruments. This study highlights the fact that change has always been the hallmark of financial markets and the regulatory board of the Sudanese financial market. The Sudanese capital market, although an infant, could follow the route of other well-established capital marke...

  15. 76 FR 44763 - Authority To Designate Financial Market Utilities as Systemically Important

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-27

    ...would have on critical markets, financial institutions, or the broader financial...Would Have on Critical Markets, Financial Institutions or the Broader Financial...would have on critical markets, financial institutions, or the broader...

  16. International market integration and market interdependence: evidence from China's stock market in the post-WTO accession period

    OpenAIRE

    He, Hongbo

    2012-01-01

    The Chinese government has implemented a series of financial liberalisation policies in stock market after China’s accession into the WTO in 2001. However, it remains somewhat unclear whether and to what extent China’s financial liberalisation has influenced its stock market in the post-WTO accession period. This thesis examines this issue from the perspectives of international market integration and market interdependence. This thesis mainly includes three empirical studies: 1) gauging the d...

  17. Financial equilibria in the semimartingale setting: complete markets and markets with withdrawal constraints

    CERN Document Server

    Zitkovic, Gordan

    2006-01-01

    Existence of stochastic financial equilibria giving rise to semimartingale asset prices is established under a general class of assumptions. These equilibria are expressed in real terms and span complete markets or markets with withdrawal constraints.We deal with random endowment density streams which admit jumps and general time-dependent utility functions on which only regularity conditions are imposed. As an integral part of the proof of the main result, we establish a novel characterization of semimartingale functions.

  18. Canonical momenta indicators of financial markets and neocortical EEG

    CERN Document Server

    Ingber, L

    1996-01-01

    A paradigm of statistical mechanics of financial markets (SMFM) is fit to multivariate financial markets using Adaptive Simulated Annealing (ASA), a global optimization algorithm, to perform maximum likelihood fits of Lagrangians defined by path integrals of multivariate conditional probabilities. Canonical momenta are thereby derived and used as technical indicators in a recursive ASA optimization process to tune trading rules. These trading rules are then used on out-of-sample data, to demonstrate that they can profit from the SMFM model, to illustrate that these markets are likely not efficient. This methodology can be extended to other systems, e.g., electroencephalography. This approach to complex systems emphasizes the utility of blending an intuitive and powerful mathematical-physics formalism to generate indicators which are used by AI-type rule-based models of management.

  19. Study of Stylized Facts in Indian Financial Markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chitrakalpa Sen

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Stylized empirical facts emerging from the statistical analysis of price variations in various types of financial markets have attracted the attention of researchers since a long time. These are a set of properties, common across many instruments, markets and time periods that has been observed by independent studies. The objective of this research is to study stylized facts of financial time series by using data from the Indian financial market. BSE SENSEX is used as a proxy for the Indian market. Particular stress is given to the study of volatility using different models from the GARCH School including GARCH, EGARCH, TARCH, Asymmetric Component GARCH etc. The raw SENSEX daily return series are found to be non-normal having fat tails, show significant amount of asymmetry and exhibit strong volatility persistence as well as volatility clustering. This study also examines the possibility of long-term dependence (long memory in Absolute SENSEX daily return series. Rescaled range analysis, modified rescaled range analysis and GPH test are used for this purpose. The results indicate presence of long memory and also show the series to be fractionally integrated. The findings obtained are in broad agreement with the stylized facts observed in financial time series.

  20. Adaptive Control Applied to Financial Market Data.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šindelá?, Jan; Kárný, Miroslav

    Vol. I. Praha : Matfyz press, 2007, s. 1-6. ISBN 978-80-7378-023-4. [Week of Doctoral Students 2007. Praha (CZ), 05.06.2007-08.06.2007] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) 2C06001 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Keywords : baysian statistics * finance * financial engineering * stochastic control Subject RIV: BB - Applied Statistics, Operational Research http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2007/si/sindelar-adaptive control applied to financial market data.pdf

  1. International Financial Markets, Cross-Border Transmission of Shocks and Risk-Sharing

    OpenAIRE

    VIANI, Francesca

    2010-01-01

    One of the most relevant events of the last decades has been the fast integration of international financial markets. As most restrictions to cross-border asset trade were removed, the volume of activity in international financial markets increased dramatically, and so did the cross-country flows of resources due to external borrowing and portfolio returns. Many of the macroeconomic consequences of these stronger financial linkages still have to be fully evaluated. This thesis investigates tw...

  2. Quantifying Stock Return Distributions in Financial Markets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botta, Federico; Moat, Helen Susannah; Stanley, H Eugene; Preis, Tobias

    2015-01-01

    Being able to quantify the probability of large price changes in stock markets is of crucial importance in understanding financial crises that affect the lives of people worldwide. Large changes in stock market prices can arise abruptly, within a matter of minutes, or develop across much longer time scales. Here, we analyze a dataset comprising the stocks forming the Dow Jones Industrial Average at a second by second resolution in the period from January 2008 to July 2010 in order to quantify the distribution of changes in market prices at a range of time scales. We find that the tails of the distributions of logarithmic price changes, or returns, exhibit power law decays for time scales ranging from 300 seconds to 3600 seconds. For larger time scales, we find that the distributions tails exhibit exponential decay. Our findings may inform the development of models of market behavior across varying time scales. PMID:26327593

  3. Quantifying Stock Return Distributions in Financial Markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botta, Federico; Moat, Helen Susannah; Stanley, H. Eugene; Preis, Tobias

    2015-01-01

    Being able to quantify the probability of large price changes in stock markets is of crucial importance in understanding financial crises that affect the lives of people worldwide. Large changes in stock market prices can arise abruptly, within a matter of minutes, or develop across much longer time scales. Here, we analyze a dataset comprising the stocks forming the Dow Jones Industrial Average at a second by second resolution in the period from January 2008 to July 2010 in order to quantify the distribution of changes in market prices at a range of time scales. We find that the tails of the distributions of logarithmic price changes, or returns, exhibit power law decays for time scales ranging from 300 seconds to 3600 seconds. For larger time scales, we find that the distributions tails exhibit exponential decay. Our findings may inform the development of models of market behavior across varying time scales. PMID:26327593

  4. Financial integration and financial development in transition economies: What happens during financial crises?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Masten

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available

    This paper provides an empirical analysis of the role of financial development and financial integration in the growth dynamics of transition countries. We focus on the role of financial integration in determining the impact of financial development on growth, distinguishing “normal times” from periods of financial crises. In addition to confirming the significant positive effect on growth exerted by financial development and financial integration, our estimates show that a higher degree of financial openness tends to reduce the contractionary effect of financial crises, by cushioning the effect on the domestic supply of credit. Consequently, the high reliance on international capital flows by transition countries does not necessarily increase their financial fragility. This implies that financial protectionism is a self-defeating policy, at least for transition countries.

  5. Integration of European Bond Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Charlotte

    2014-01-01

    I investigate the time variation in the integration of EU government bond markets. The integration is measured by the explanatory power of European factor portfolios for the individual bond markets for each year. The integration of the government bond markets is stronger for EMU than non-EMU members and stronger for old than new EU members. For EMU countries, the integration is weaker the lower the credit rating is. During the recent crisis periods, the integration is weaker, particularly for EM...

  6. Integration of European Bond Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Charlotte

    2014-01-01

    I investigate the time variation in the integration of EU government bond markets. The integration is measured by the explanatory power of European factor portfolios for the individual bond markets for each year. The integration of the government bond markets is stronger for EMU than non-EMU members and stronger for old than new EU members. For EMU countries, the integration is weaker the lower the credit rating is. During the recent crisis periods, the integration is weaker, particularly for EMU countries.

  7. Network Topologies of Financial Market During the Global Financial Crisis

    CERN Document Server

    Nobi, Ashadun; Ha, Gyeong Gyun; Lee, Jae Woo

    2013-01-01

    We consider the effects of the global financial crisis through a local Korean financial market around the 2008 crisis. We analyze 185 individual stock prices belonging to the KOSPI (Korea Composite Stock Price Index), cosidering three time periods: the time before, during, and after the crisis. The complex networks generate from the fully connected correlation network by using the cross-correlation coefficients among the stock price time series of the companies. We generate the threshold networks (TN), the minimal spanning tees (MST), and the hierarchical network (HN) from the fully connected cross-correlation networks. By assigning a threshold value of the cross-correlation coefficient, we obtain the threshold networks. We observe the power law of the degree distribution in the limited range of the threshold. The degree distribution of the largest cluster in the threshold networks during the crisis is fatter than other periods. The clustering coefficient of the threshold networks follows the power law in the...

  8. On Financial Markets Based on Telegraph Processes

    CERN Document Server

    Ratanov, Nikita

    2007-01-01

    The paper develops a new class of financial market models. These models are based on generalized telegraph processes: Markov random flows with alternating velocities and jumps occurring when the velocities are switching. While such markets may admit an arbitrage opportunity, the model under consideration is arbitrage-free and complete if directions of jumps in stock prices are in a certain correspondence with their velocity and interest rate behaviour. An analog of the Black-Scholes fundamental differential equation is derived, but, in contrast with the Black-Scholes model, this equation is hyperbolic. Explicit formulas for prices of European options are obtained using perfect and quantile hedging.

  9. Agent-based models of financial markets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This review deals with several microscopic ('agent-based') models of financial markets which have been studied by economists and physicists over the last decade: Kim-Markowitz, Levy-Levy-Solomon, Cont-Bouchaud, Solomon-Weisbuch, Lux-Marchesi, Donangelo-Sneppen and Solomon-Levy-Huang. After an overview of simulation approaches in financial economics, we first give a summary of the Donangelo-Sneppen model of monetary exchange and compare it with related models in economics literature. Our selective review then outlines the main ingredients of some influential early models of multi-agent dynamics in financial markets (Kim-Markowitz, Levy-Levy-Solomon). As will be seen, these contributions draw their inspiration from the complex appearance of investors' interactions in real-life markets. Their main aim is to reproduce (and, thereby, provide possible explanations) for the spectacular bubbles and crashes seen in certain historical episodes, but they lack (like almost all the work before 1998 or so) a perspective in terms of the universal statistical features of financial time series. In fact, awareness of a set of such regularities (power-law tails of the distribution of returns, temporal scaling of volatility) only gradually appeared over the nineties. With the more precise description of the formerly relatively vague characteristics (e.g. moving from the notion of fat tails to the more concrete one of a power law with index around three), it became clear that financial market dynamics give rise to some kind of universal scaling law. Showing similarities with scaling laws for other systems with many interacting sub-units, an exploration of financial markets as multi-agent systems appeared to be a natural consequence. This topic has been pursued by quite a number of contributions appearing in both the physics and economics literature since the late nineties. From the wealth of different flavours of multi-agent models that have appeared up to now, we discuss the Cont-Bouchaud, Solomon-Levy-Huang and Lux-Marchesi models. Open research questions are discussed in our concluding section

  10. A generalized spin model of financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    Chowdhury, Debashish; Stauffer, Dietrich

    1998-01-01

    We reformulate the Cont-Bouchaud model of financial markets in terms of classical "super-spins" where the spin value is a measure of the number of individual traders represented by a portfolio manager of an investment agency. We then extend this simplified model by switching on interactions among the super-spins to model the tendency of agencies getting influenced by the opinion of other managers. We also introduce a fictitious temperature (to model other random influences),...

  11. Adaptive Control Applied to Financial Market Data.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šindelá?, Jan; Kárný, Miroslav

    Strasbourg cedex : European Science Foundation, 2007, s. 1-6. [Advanced Mathematical Methods for Finance. Víde? (AT), 17.09.2007-22.09.2007] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) 2C06001 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Keywords : bayesian statistics * portfolio optimization * finance * adaptive control Subject RIV: BB - Applied Statistics, Operational Research http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2007/si/sindelar-adaptive control applied to financial market data.pdf

  12. Uncertainty in an Interconnected Financial System, Contagion, and Market Freezes

    OpenAIRE

    LI, MEI; Milne, Frank; Qui, Junfeng

    2013-01-01

    This paper studies contagion and market freezes caused by uncertainty in financial network structures and provides theoretical guidance for central banks. We establish a formal model to demonstrate that, in a financial system where financial institutions are interconnected, a negative shock to an individual financial institution could spread to other institutions, causing market freezes because of creditors' uncertainty about the financial network structure. Central bank policies to alleviate...

  13. Intermediaries, Financial Markets and Growth: Some more International Evidence

    OpenAIRE

    Afonso, António; Ferreira, Raquel; Freitas, Edmund; Nóbrega, Celso; Pinheiro, José

    2003-01-01

    We examine how financial institutions affect growth, taking into the account the organisational features of the financial system namely systems characterised by strong financial intermediaries and systems where the financial markets assume a more important role. We use a panel of 24 developed and developing countries over the 70s, 80s and 90s, to evaluate the existence of possible links between the type of preponderant financial system (bank-based or more capital markets based) and economic g...

  14. Financial integration and financial development in transition economies: What happens during financial crises?

    OpenAIRE

    Igor Masten; Fabrizio Coricelli; Arjana Brezigar-Masten

    2009-01-01

    This paper provides an empirical analysis of the role of financial development and financial integration in the growth dynamics of transition countries. We focus on the role of financial integration in determining the impact of financial development on growth, distinguishing “normal times” from periods of financial crises. In addition to confirming the significant positive effect on growth exerted by finan...

  15. Balance, growth and diversity of financial markets

    CERN Document Server

    Kardaras, Constantinos

    2008-01-01

    A financial market comprising of a certain number of distinct companies is considered, and the following statement is proved: either a specific agent will surely beat the whole market unconditionally in the long run, or (and this "or" is not exclusive) all the capital of the market will accumulate in one company. Thus, absence of any "free unbounded lunches relative to the total capital" opportunities lead to the most dramatic failure of diversity in the market: one company takes over all other until the end of time. In order to prove this, we introduce the notion of perfectly balanced markets, which is an equilibrium state in which the relative capitalization of each company is a martingale under the physical probability. Then, the weaker notion of balanced markets is discussed where the martingale property of the relative capitalizations holds only approximately, we show how these concepts relate to growth-optimality and efficiency of the market, as well as how we can infer a shadow interest rate that is im...

  16. International financial markets' influence on the welfare performance of alternative exchange rate regimes

    OpenAIRE

    HOFFMANN, Mathias

    2008-01-01

    In this paper Friedmann (1953) and Mundell´s (1968) position favouring flexible over alternative exchange rate regimes is reassessed in the context of international financial market integration. In a new open economy macroeconomic framework the paper shows that financial market integration causes a monetary policy trade-off between stabilising domestic goods prices as opposed to stabilising the terms of trade. Therefore, the welfare ranking of different exchanges rate rules changes during the...

  17. Strategic Investment and Market Integration

    OpenAIRE

    Ganslandt, Mattias

    2001-01-01

    The competitive effect of international market integration in industries with imperfect competition is of great policy interest. This paper focuses on the link between monopolization and market segmentation. It presents a model of multi-market entry deterrence with or without market commitments. We derive sufficient conditions for entry deterrence with productive capacity in the multi-market game. It is shown that to deter entry in the multi-market game, the first-mover installs productions c...

  18. On Information Creation and Its Effect in Incomplete Financial Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Mingren Chen

    2012-01-01

    “Thirst for information” existing in financial markets shows that information supply is insufficient and private information is value. Agents will select to acquire economic information under the market incentive mechanism. This is the basis of information creation in incomplete financial markets. Because the information supplies insufficiency in the financial markets is exogenous, information creation is natural exogenous. From this perspective, this paper thinks that information creation ha...

  19. Herd behavior in financial markets: an experiment with financial market professionals

    OpenAIRE

    Marco Cipriani; Antonio Guarino

    2009-01-01

    We study herd behavior in a laboratory financial market with financial market professionals. An important novelty of the experimental design is the use of a strategy-like method. This allows us to detect herd behavior directly by observing subjects' decisions for all realizations of their private signal. In the paper, we compare two treatments: one in which the price adjusts to the order flow in such a way that herding should never occur, and one in which the presence of event uncertainty mak...

  20. The Mechanism of Stock Market Integration: Evidence for the Taiwan and U.S. Stock Markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min-Hsien Chiang

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates sources of the comovement of the Taiwan and U.S. stock markets. The empirical evidence shows that both economic fundamentals and equity risk premiums can act as transmission mechanisms of both markets. In the meantime, the financial integration is much stronger than real economic integration. Moreover, the deregulation of foreign investments in Taiwan and the Southeast Asian financial crisis in 1997 did not alter the transmission mechanisms of real economic and equity risk premium factors."

  1. The Mechanism of Stock Market Integration: Evidence for the Taiwan and U.S. Stock Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Min-Hsien Chiang; Rung-Ho Lai; Hsiao-Ching Lee

    2004-01-01

    This study investigates sources of the comovement of the Taiwan and U.S. stock markets. The empirical evidence shows that both economic fundamentals and equity risk premiums can act as transmission mechanisms of both markets. In the meantime, the financial integration is much stronger than real economic integration. Moreover, the deregulation of foreign investments in Taiwan and the Southeast Asian financial crisis in 1997 did not alter the transmission mechanisms of real economic and equity ...

  2. Threat, Intimidation, and Student Financial Market Knowledge: An Empirical Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ford, Matthew W.; Devoto, Steve; Kent, Daniel W.; Harrison, Todd

    2007-01-01

    Threat emanating from financial markets may intimidate college students to some degree. In this article, the authors considered the influence of such intimidation on student financial market knowledge. They hypothesized a negative relationship between intimidation and market knowledge. An empirical study of over 150 undergraduate business school…

  3. The stability of financial market networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Xin-Guo; Xie, Chi; Wang, Gang-Jin

    2014-08-01

    We investigate the stability of a financial market network by measuring its topological robustness, namely the ability of the network to resist structural or topological changes. The closing prices of 710 stocks in the Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) from 2005 to 2011 are chosen as the empirical data. We divide the period into three sub-periods: before, during, and after the US sub-prime crisis. By monitoring the size of the clusters which fall apart from the network after removing the nodes (i.e., the listed companies in the SSE), we find that: i) the SSE network is sensitive to the nodes' failure, which implies that the network is unstable. ii) the SSE network before the financial crisis has the strongest robustness against the intentional topological damage; iii) the hubs (i.e., highly connected nodes) connect with each other directly and play a vital important role in maintaining SSE network's stability.

  4. Importance of financial and marketing controlling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denisa Al-Zabidi

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Controlling is a concept of a firm’s control orientated to results, in which are linked different responsibilities from the field of accounting, information science, coordination and control. The controlling introduces a special work with an information, it is a process of still strong overgrowing information support to own managing of the firm’s value-forming process and it is moving towards an improvement of its limitations, serves to achieve a profit and to stabilize the liquidity. In the presented article I will deal with a possibility to improve the financial and economical management in a chosen firm, mainly through controlling, during which I will lay emphasis to the financial and marketing controlling of the firm.

  5. Large-volatility dynamics in financial markets

    CERN Document Server

    Zheng, B

    2010-01-01

    We investigate the large-volatility dynamics in financial markets, based on the minutely and daily data of the Chinese Indices and German DAX. The dynamic relaxation both before and after large volatilities is characterized by a power law, and the exponents $p_\\pm$ usually vary with the strength of the large volatilities. The large-volatility dynamics is time-reversal symmetric at the minutely time scale, while asymmetric at the daily time scale. Careful analysis reveals that the time-reversal asymmetry is mainly induced by exogenous events. It is also the exogenous events which drive the financial dynamics to a non-stationary state. In general, the Chinese Indices and German DAX are in different universality classes. An interacting herding model without and with exogenous driving forces could qualitatively describe the large-volatility dynamics.

  6. Estimating WACC for Regulated Industries on Developing Financial Markets and in Times of Market Uncertainty

    OpenAIRE

    Igor Stubelj; Primož Dolenc; Mateja Jerman

    2014-01-01

    The paper deals with the estimation of weighted average cost of capital (WACC) for regulated industries in developing financial markets from the perspective of the current financial-economic crisis. In current financial market situation some evident changes have occurred: risk-free rates in solid and developed financial markets (e. g. USA, Germany) have fallen, but due to increased market volatility, the risk premiums have increased. The latter is especially evident in transition economies wh...

  7. Essays on financial integration and institutional quality

    OpenAIRE

    Dadasov, Ramin Rufat Oglu

    2012-01-01

    This thesis comprises four individual essays and deals with the question of how international financial integration may influence quality of economic institutions in developing countries. While the first three essays provide theoretical models of different channels, through which financial integration may affect institutional quality, the last work is an empirical investigation into the influence of liberalization of the financial account on institutional development. The first essay ?Financi...

  8. THE VOLATILITY OF THE FINANCIAL MARKET – A QUANTITATIVE APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mester Ioana Teodora

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available During the last years, the financial markets have been subject to significant fluctuations of their financial actives. These spectacular movements have revived the interest, in the academic circles and policy makers and regulation and control authorities as well, for the financial market volatility. The analysis of these phenomena is justified by the fact that the stock exchange chocks have significant effects on the financial stability and they can lead to serious consequences in the real economy.

  9. Japan?s Financial Markets: The Lost Decade

    OpenAIRE

    Reszat, Beate

    2003-01-01

    Recent debates about the state of Japan's financial system focus on the weakness of Japanese banks. But, in the complex financial relations of an advanced economy bank finance cannot be seen separate from other forms of financial intermediation. Despite the reform efforts under the Big Bang program, financial markets in Japan show severe signs of malfunctioning, distortion and backwardness. The paper gives an overview of the current state of markets for money, bonds, equities and derivatives ...

  10. Eroding market stability by proliferation of financial instruments

    OpenAIRE

    Caccioli, Fabio; Marsili, Matteo; Vivo, Pierpaolo

    2009-01-01

    We contrast Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT), the theoretical basis for the development of financial instruments, with a dynamical picture of an interacting market, in a simple setting. The proliferation of financial instruments apparently provides more means for risk diversification, making the market more efficient and complete. In the simple market of interacting traders discussed here, the proliferation of financial instruments erodes systemic stability and it drives the m...

  11. Dynamic Interrelations Between the Key Financial Market Segments of Ukraine ???????????? ??????????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ????? ???????

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lunyakov Oleg V.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The key characteristics of the dynamic relationship between the credit market, securities market and foreign exchange market in the emerging of financial cycle in Ukraine have outlined. It is shown that the strong interrelations between the concerned segments of the financial market there strengthen in the expansion phase of credit and boom on asset prices. At the same time the financial intermediaries change the perception of risk on every phase of the cycle, and in the general, euphoria leads to excessive accumulation of systemic financial risk.? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????????? ????? ????????? ??????, ?????? ?????? ????? ? ???????? ?????? ? ???????? ???????????? ??????????? ????? ? ???????. ????????, ??? ?????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ?? ???? ?????????? ??????? ? ????? ??? ?? ??????. ??? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ??????????? ????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????, ??? ? ???????? ???????? ??????? ????? ? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????.

  12. International financial integration through the law of one price: The role of liquidity and capital controls

    OpenAIRE

    YEYATI, Eduardo Levy; Schmukler, Sergio; Horen, Neeltje van

    2008-01-01

    This paper takes advantage of the fact that some stocks trade both in domestic and international markets to characterize the degree of international financial integration. The paper argues that the cross-market premium (the ratio between the domestic and the international market price of cross-listed stocks) provides a valuable measure of international financial integration and the effectiveness of capital controls. Using Autoregressive (AR) models to estimate convergence speeds and non-linea...

  13. Adoption of the Objectives of the Monetary and Economic Union and European Financial Integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M?D?LINA R?DOI

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The European concerns, with old traditions in forming multinational financial markets, developed in the integration of the financial markets and of the European banking systems which allowed the investors from any European country to follow the orders on the best market, through the best beneficiary, benefitting from the most effective financial-banking services. This market offers sophisticated and modern financial tools, which cope with the needs of the invertors, portfolio managers, transnational companies and traders, having an impact over the balanced economic development of the European countries and unemployment reduction.

  14. CHALLENGES OF FINANCIAL AUDIT - THE IMPACT OF INTRODUCING UNIQUE REGULATION OF FINANCIAL MARKETS IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitica Pepi

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The theme of our research is related to the new type of relationship between financial audits (statutory and unique regulation of financial markets in Romania.The Romanian authorities have decided as from 2013 regulation of financial markets, capital market, insurance market and private pensions market to achieve by a single entity, this situation will also lead to a number of challenges in the relationship between the auditor and the new regulatory regime. The main elements of our study are: the relationship between the audit committee and regulatory authority; quality of financial reporting for financial market entities. The auditor plays an important role in financial markets because it certifies the financial statements in accordance with European Union practice . It is also interesting to note potential interference that can occur in single regulation between compliance audit and financial stability and return on investment between performance audit and financial markets.In this case, financial regulation can coexist with compliance audit. EU legislation recommends that the auditor discuss with the audit committee the quality and acceptability of the financial reporting process.This recommendation is what should constitute a possible consensus to be highly unlikely between audit committees would align auditors in financial reporting disputes with management financial entities. In this regard, auditors should identify the factors we consider important in determining the quality of financial reporting. .We conducted this research in an effort to identify the possible divergence between the type of regulations that can emit single regulatory authority and the audit process. New regulator will operate on two levels, issue general regulations apply to all three categories of financial markets, capital market, insurance market and private pensions market, but in the same time and in greater extent will issue specific regulations of each market in part. We want to identify the extent to which audit the entities in these markets will be influenced by these changes. Interest is our largest to determine whether the audit can identify any changes in the new regulatory requirements on quality of financial statements.Our research results show the high importance of the audit committee in ensuring the high quality of financial reporting in the financial markets and seeks to identify potential points of conflict between audit conservatism and unique market regulation.

  15. The realism of assumptions does matter: Why Keynes-Minsky theory must replace efficient market theory as the guide to financial regulation policy

    OpenAIRE

    Crotty, James

    2011-01-01

    The radical deregulation of financial markets after the 1970s was a precondition for the explosion in size, complexity, volatility and degree of global integration of financial markets in the past three decades. It therefore contributed to the severity and breadth of the recent global financial crisis. It is not likely that deregulation would have been so extreme and the crisis so threatening had most financial economists adopted Keynes-Minsky financial market theory, which concludes that unr...

  16. Precautionary credit lines: A means to contain contagion in financial markets?

    OpenAIRE

    Golder, Stefan M.

    1999-01-01

    The liberalization of capital accounts and the integration of financial markets in recent years have helped to spur growth in many emerging markets and have allowed global investors to diversify risks internationally. Furthermore, increased capita! mobility has helped to tame governments in their fiscal and monetary policies. Nevertheless, the Asian currency and financial crisis and its aftermath have revealed structural problems on the national as well as on the international level and have ...

  17. Financial markets, banking and the design of monetary policy: A stable baseline scenario

    OpenAIRE

    Florian Hartmann; Peter Flaschel

    2014-01-01

    A baseline integration of commercial banks into the disequilibrium framework with behavioral traders of Charpe et al. (2011, 2012) is presented. At the core of the analysis is the impact the banking sector exerts on the interaction of real and financial markets. Potentially destabilizing feedback channels in the presence of imperfect macroeconomic portfolio adjustment and heterogeneous expectations are investigated. Given the possible financial market instability, various policy instruments h...

  18. The Impact Of Economic News On Financial Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Parker, John

    2007-01-01

    This paper analyzes the impact of economic news, that is, the difference between economic announcements and what was anticipated, on financial markets. The three contributions of this paper are, first, the market expectation is derived from economic derivative prices that allow a full distribution for the market expectation to be derived. Economic derivatives data better predict financial market movements and also allow for testing whether there is information in the high moments of th...

  19. Illiquidity of frontier financial market: Case of Serbia

    OpenAIRE

    Živkovi? Boško; Minovi? Jelena

    2010-01-01

    The paper explores illiquidity of the Serbian financial market for the period of 2005-2009. The financial market in Serbia is, by its type, a frontier market. We used daily data from the BELEXline index, as well as all stocks within this index in examined timeframe, provided by the Belgrade Stock Exchange. Results of this paper suggest that level of market liquidity is low and persistent in Serbia. Additionally, results confirm that time-varying illiquidity and its volatility is highly unstab...

  20. Carbon flows, financial markets and climate change mitigation

    OpenAIRE

    Mol, A.P.J.

    2012-01-01

    After initial debates and controversies, from the late 1980s onwards market instruments became fully accepted in environmental governance. However, with their inclusion in transnational and global environmental governance, market institutions seem to be in for a new round of discussions. Transnational carbon markets stand out in these debates, especially since the recent financial crisis made the world aware of the vulnerability of global financial markets. This paper uses a sociology ...

  1. Measuring the Impact of Financial Crisis on International Markets: An Application of the Financial Stress Index

    OpenAIRE

    Apostolos G. Christopoulos; John Mylonakis; Christos Koromilas

    2011-01-01

    The scope of paper is to examine whether the recent financial crisis has had any impact on international capital markets and more precisely on the 4 primary international stock markets of England, France, Japan, the United States and Greece. The research is based on the use of the Financial Stress Index (FSI) from July 2005 until December 2008 and August 2009. Research results showed that the recent financial crisis has had a negative impact on all examined markets, with the Tokyo stock excha...

  2. Bank Competition and International Financial Integration: Evidence using a new Index

    OpenAIRE

    Pasricha, Gurnain

    2009-01-01

    In the debate on the benefits and costs of international financial integration recent literature has emphasized thresholds in the development of domestic markets as preconditions to benefitting from international integration. This paper offers an alternative view - that of development of competition in domestic markets as an aide to de-facto openness. Lack of competition in domestic financial systems may prevent countries from reaping the benefits of international integration simply because t...

  3. Geometry of Financial Markets -- Towards Information Theory Model of Markets

    CERN Document Server

    Piotrowski, E W; Piotrowski, Edward W.; Sladkowski, Jan

    2006-01-01

    Most of parameters used to describe states and dynamics of financial market depend on proportions of the appropriate variables rather than on their actual values. Therefore, projective geometry seems to be the correct language to describe the theater of financial activities. We suppose that the object of interest of agents, called here baskets, form a vector space over the reals. A portfolio is defined as an equivalence class of baskets containing assets in the same proportions. Therefore portfolios form a projective space. Cross ratios, being invariants of projective maps, form key structures in the proposed model. Quotation with respect to an asset X (i.e. in units of X) are given by linear maps. Among various types of metrics that have financial interpretation, the min-max metrics on the space of quotations can be introduced. This metrics has an interesting interpretation in terms of rates of return. It can be generalized so that to incorporate a new numerical parameter (called temperature) that describes ...

  4. Diversifying in the Integrated Markets of ASEAN+3 : A Quantitative Study of Stock Market Correlation

    OpenAIRE

    Stark, Caroline; Nordell, Emelie

    2010-01-01

    There is evidence that globalization, economic assimilation and integration among countries and their financial markets have increased correlation among stock markets and the correlation may in turn impact investors’ allocation of their assets and economic policies. We have conducted a quantitative study with daily stock index quotes for the period January 2000 and December 2009 in order to measure the eventual correlation between the markets of ASEAN+3. This economic integration consists of;...

  5. Financial market breakdown due to strategy constraints and information asymmetry

    OpenAIRE

    Hu, Jie

    1995-01-01

    This paper demonstrates the relevance of strategy constraints on market makers to the possibility of financial market breakdown when there is information asymmetry between market makers and investors; both the case of competitive market makers and the case of a monopolistic market marker are included. Specifically, the paper discusses three types of strategy constraints on the market makers and their implications for the equilibria. The results call attention to the need for more precise spec...

  6. A marketing perspective on the impact of financial and non-financial measures on shareholder value

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Nic S, Terblanche; Charlene, Gerber; Pierre, Erasmus; Delia, Schmidt.

    Full Text Available The pressure for financial accountability contributed to widespread concern about the function of marketing within the company. Consequently, marketers have become preoccupied with measuring the performance of marketing activity. Diverse financial and non-financial methods have been developed to pro [...] vide evidence of how marketing activity impacts on the bottom line. This article proposes an approach whereby financial and non-financial performance measures are combined to measure the contribution of marketing to sales. Secondary data from two retail brands within the same industry were analysed whereby actual accounting data were adjusted to examine the link between marketing expenditures, specifically with regard to the 4Ps (typical non-financial measures), and sales. The results of the time series regression showed that the nature of the relationship between marketing expenditures and sales is dependent largely on the product characteristics. The link between marketing and sales depicted serves as a starting point from which to build a more robust measurement tool incorporating financial and non-financial marketing performance measures that will serve to justify investment in the marketing of a brand.

  7. Financial development and corporate growth in the EU single market.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bena, J.; Jurajda, Št?pán

    Split : University of Split, Faculty of Economics, 2009, s. 1-24. [International Conference /8./ "Challenges of Europe: Financial Crisis and Climate Change". Split (HR), 21.05.2009-23.05.2009] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70850503 Keywords : financial development * corporate growth * access to financial markets Subject RIV: AH - Economics

  8. Financial market development in the Central and Eastern European countries.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Berglund, T.; Hanousek, Jan; Mramor, D.

    2006-01-01

    Ro?. 7, ?. 4 (2006), s. 280-282. ISSN 1566-0141. [Financial market development in the Central and Eastern European countries. Prague, 26.05.2006-27.05.2006] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70850503 Keywords : financial market s * Central and Eastern Europe Subject RIV: AH - Economics

  9. Financial Market Modeling with Quantum Neural Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Gonçalves, Carlos Pedro

    2015-01-01

    Econophysics has developed as a research field that applies the formalism of Statistical Mechanics and Quantum Mechanics to address Economics and Finance problems. The branch of Econophysics that applies of Quantum Theory to Economics and Finance is called Quantum Econophysics. In Finance, Quantum Econophysics' contributions have ranged from option pricing to market dynamics modeling, behavioral finance and applications of Game Theory, integrating the empirical finding, from...

  10. Quantifying the Relationship Between Financial News and the Stock Market

    OpenAIRE

    Alanyali, Merve; Moat, Helen Susannah; Preis, Tobias

    2013-01-01

    The complex behavior of financial markets emerges from decisions made by many traders. Here, we exploit a large corpus of daily print issues of the Financial Times from 2nd January 2007 until 31st December 2012 to quantify the relationship between decisions taken in financial markets and developments in financial news. We find a positive correlation between the daily number of mentions of a company in the Financial Times and the daily transaction volume of a company's stock both on the day be...

  11. Variety and Volatility in Financial Markets

    CERN Document Server

    Lillo, F; Lillo, Fabrizio; Mantegna, Rosario N.

    2000-01-01

    We study the price dynamics of stocks traded in a financial market by considering the statistical properties both of a single time series and of an ensemble of stocks traded simultaneously. We use the $n$ stocks traded in the New York Stock Exchange to form a statistical ensemble of daily stock returns. For each trading day of our database, we study the ensemble return distribution. We find that a typical ensemble return distribution exists in most of the trading days with the exception of crash and rally days and of the days subsequent to these extreme events. We analyze each ensemble return distribution by extracting its first two central moments. We observe that these moments are fluctuating in time and are stochastic processes themselves. We characterize the statistical properties of ensemble return distribution central moments by investigating their probability density functions and temporal correlation properties. In general, time-averaged and portfolio-averaged price returns have different statistical ...

  12. A generalized spin model of financial markets

    CERN Document Server

    Chowdhury, D; Chowdhury, Debashish; Stauffer, Dietrich

    1999-01-01

    We reformulate the Cont-Bouchaud model of financial markets in terms of classical "super-spins" where the spin value is a measure of the number of individual traders represented by a portfolio manager of an investment agency. We then extend this simplified model by switching on interactions among the super-spins to model the tendency of agencies getting influenced by the opinion of other managers. We also introduce a fictitious temperature (to model other random influences), and time-dependent local fields to model slowly changing optimistic or pessimistic bias of traders. We point out close similarities between the price variations in our model with $N$ super-spins and total displacements in an $N$-step Levy flight. We demonstrate the phenomena of natural and artificially created bubbles and subsequent crashes as well as the occurrence of "fat tails" in the distributions of stock price variations.

  13. When Can Social Media Lead Financial Markets?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheludev, Ilya; Smith, Robert; Aste, Tomaso

    2014-02-01

    Social media analytics is showing promise for the prediction of financial markets. However, the true value of such data for trading is unclear due to a lack of consensus on which instruments can be predicted and how. Current approaches are based on the evaluation of message volumes and are typically assessed via retrospective (ex-post facto) evaluation of trading strategy returns. In this paper, we present instead a sentiment analysis methodology to quantify and statistically validate which assets could qualify for trading from social media analytics in an ex-ante configuration. We use sentiment analysis techniques and Information Theory measures to demonstrate that social media message sentiment can contain statistically-significant ex-ante information on the future prices of the S&P500 index and a limited set of stocks, in excess of what is achievable using solely message volumes.

  14. Hierarchical structure of stock price fluctuations in financial markets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The financial market and turbulence have been broadly compared on account of the same quantitative methods and several common stylized facts they share. In this paper, the She–Leveque (SL) hierarchy, proposed to explain the anomalous scaling exponents deviating from Kolmogorov monofractal scaling of the velocity fluctuation in fluid turbulence, is applied to study and quantify the hierarchical structure of stock price fluctuations in financial markets. We therefore observed certain interesting results: (i) the hierarchical structure related to multifractal scaling generally presents in all the stock price fluctuations we investigated. (ii) The quantitatively statistical parameters that describe SL hierarchy are different between developed financial markets and emerging ones, distinctively. (iii) For the high-frequency stock price fluctuation, the hierarchical structure varies with different time periods. All these results provide a novel analogy in turbulence and financial market dynamics and an insight to deeply understand multifractality in financial markets. (paper)

  15. Identifying States of a Financial Market

    CERN Document Server

    Münnix, Michael C; Schäfer, Rudi; Seligman, Francois Leyvraz Thomas H; Guhr, Thomas; Stanley, H E

    2012-01-01

    The understanding of complex systems has become a central issue because complex systems exist in a wide range of scientific disciplines. Time series are typical experimental results we have about complex systems. In the analysis of such time series, stationary situations have been extensively studied and correlations have been found to be a very powerful tool. Yet most natural processes are non-stationary. In particular, in times of crisis, accident or trouble, stationarity is lost. As examples we may think of financial markets, biological systems, reactors or the weather. In non-stationary situations analysis becomes very difficult and noise is a severe problem. Following a natural urge to search for order in the system, we endeavor to define states through which systems pass and in which they remain for short times. Success in this respect would allow to get a better understanding of the system and might even lead to methods for controlling the system in more efficient ways. We here concentrate on financial...

  16. Aftershock prediction for high-frequency financial markets' dynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Baldovin, Fulvio; Camana, Francesco; Caraglio, Michele; Stella, Attilio L.; Zamparo, Marco

    2012-01-01

    The occurrence of aftershocks following a major financial crash manifests the critical dynamical response of financial markets. Aftershocks put additional stress on markets, with conceivable dramatic consequences. Such a phenomenon has been shown to be common to most financial assets, both at high and low frequency. Its present-day description relies on an empirical characterization proposed by Omori at the end of 1800 for seismic earthquakes. We point out the limited predic...

  17. Practical volatility and correlation modeling for financial market risk management

    OpenAIRE

    Andersen, Torben G.; Bollerslev, Tim; Christoffersen, Peter F.; Diebold, Francis X.

    2005-01-01

    What do academics have to offer market risk management practitioners in financial institutions? Current industry practice largely follows one of two extremely restrictive approaches: historical simulation or RiskMetrics. In contrast, we favor flexible methods based on recent developments in financial econometrics, which are likely to produce more accurate assessments of market risk. Clearly, the demands of real-world risk management in financial institutions - in particular, real-time risk tr...

  18. Deepening Association of Southeast Asian Nations' financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Choong Lyol; Takagi, Shinji

    2013-01-01

    This paper discusses the financial landscape of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), a region engaged in building an economic community (a "single market and production base") by 2015. In particular, it reviews where ASEAN's financial markets and institutions now stand and suggests possible ways in which they might be developed further to meet the aspirations of the region. Diversity characterizes the ASEAN financial landscape today. While some countries have relatively develop...

  19. The peculiarities of the financial market development in Ukraine

    OpenAIRE

    Shkolnyk, Inna; Kozmenko, Olha

    2008-01-01

    This paper addresses the condition of savings and investments enviroment in the world economy and in particular regions. As a result of financial globalization there were formed promissory economies in a number of countries including the economically developed ones. It is necessary to investigate peculiarities of the financial market development in Ukraine comparing it to the countries with the same conditions of market growth, particularly, it is useful to compare the Ukrainian financial mar...

  20. Marketing investment courage and financial performance - A study of profiles and financial implications among Finnish firms

    OpenAIRE

    Karvonen, Vilma

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to research what marketing investment courage is and how it can impact firms’ financial performance. The literature review provides a theoretical overview of marketing investments, their characteristics and targets, investment courage and the routes through which marketing investment courage can impact firms’ financial performance through actual investments. The empirical study investigates the current state of marketing investment courage among Finnish companies....

  1. Financial literacy and stock market participation

    OpenAIRE

    De Rooij, Maarten; Lusardi, Annamaria; Alessie, Rob J. M.

    2007-01-01

    Individuals are increasingly put in charge of their financial security after retirement. Moreover, the supply of complex financial products has increased considerably over the years. However, we still have little or no information about whether individuals have the financial knowledge and skills to navigate this new financial environment. To better understand financial literacy and its relation to financial decision-making, we have devised two special modules for the DNB Household Survey. We ...

  2. 78 FR 8114 - Request for Information Regarding Financial Products Marketed to Students Enrolled in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-05

    ...education provided access to financial institutions to market credit cards to students...decision? (d) How do financial institutions market these products to students...higher education and financial institutions market these cards to...

  3. 75 FR 79982 - Authority To Designate Financial Market Utilities as Systemically Important

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-21

    ...problems spreading among financial institutions or markets and thereby threaten...problems spreading among financial institutions or markets and thereby threaten...would have on critical markets, financial institutions, or the broader...

  4. 77 FR 9592 - Defining Larger Participants in Certain Consumer Financial Product and Service Markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-17

    ...Consumer Financial Protection...of certain markets, the activities...depository institutions or insured...the Federal Financial Institutions Examination...collection market. As the...geographic markets, and taking...consumer financial products...which such institutions are...

  5. 76 FR 17047 - Authority To Designate Financial Market Utilities as Systemically Important

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-28

    ...problems spreading among financial institutions or markets and thereby threaten...problems spreading across financial institutions and markets and thereby threaten...would have on critical markets, financial institutions, or the broader...

  6. Integration of financial and non-financial reports under management conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prodanciuk Mihail

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the assessment of the development of integrated reports overseas and describes the stages of establishment of such a system. The form and structure of corporate reporting is developed, and is differentiated, reflecting the integrated information regarding aspects of financial and non-financial activity: statistical indicators, economical, financial and social, company strategy, future cash flows, the value of human capital, and the stability of the business model. Goals and objectives of corporate reports are determined, which consist in providing reliable information on all company activities in accordance with strategic objectives and management models.The structure of the integrated report takes into consideration the requirements of the management system, of the legislative bodies and other institutions, and is considered the basis for the development of branch reports models. Its structure will depend on the size of the legal-organizational form and the social value of the company in society. The author of the article suggests three approaches to achieving corporate reports in the section of social responsibility indicators; where each company chooses the form of reporting in accordance with the available categories that depend on the size and strategic policy. The suggested integrated reports are instrumental to the observance of the stable development doctrines and will become a tool that, in the near future, will ensure the company an effective interaction with financial markets and the stakeholders of market relations.

  7. INTEGRATION OF FINANCIAL AND NON-FINANCIAL REPORTS UNDER MANAGEMENT CONDITIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihail PRODANCIUK

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the assessment of the development of integrated reports overseas and describes the stages of establishment of such a system. The form and structure of corporate reporting is developed, and is differentiated, reflecting the integrated information regarding aspects of financial and non-financial activity: statistical indicators, economical, financial and social, company strategy, future cash flows, the value of human capital, and the stability of the business model. Goals and objectives of corporate reports are determined, which consist in providing reliable information on all company activities in accordance with strategic objectives and management models. The structure of the integrated report takes into consideration the requirements of the management system, of the legislative bodies and other institutions, and is considered the basis for the development of branch reports models. Its structure will depend on the size of the legal-organizational form and the social value of the company in society. The author of the article suggests three approaches to achieving corporate reports in the section of social responsibility indicators; where each company chooses the form of reporting in accordance with the available categories that depend on the size and strategic policy. The suggested integrated reports are instrumental to the observance of the stable development doctrines and will become a tool that, in the near future, will ensure the company an effective interaction with financial markets and the stakeholders of market relations.

  8. Managing Financial Instability in Emerging Markets: A Keynesian Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Akyuz, Yilmaz

    2008-01-01

    The Keynesian analysis of financial stability as developed by Hyman Minsky, provides considerable insights into understanding the nature and dynamics of boom-bust cycles driven by international capital flows in emerging markets. Its main policy conclusion that financial control rather than macroeconomic policy holds the key to financial stability is equally valid. There is however, need to develop a new approach to financial control and place greater emphasis on managing capital inflows than ...

  9. FINANCIAL CYCLES – THE SYNCHRONIZATION WITH FINANCIAL CRISES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana DONATH

    2014-11-01

    Given the multidimensional interactions between financial and economic cycles, a close monitoring of cycles in financial markets should be an integral part of macroeconomic surveillance and policy design.

  10. Strategic Opportunities Afforded by Integrated Marketing

    OpenAIRE

    CONSTANTIN SASU

    2006-01-01

    This paper explores integrated marketing, examines how integrated marketing differs from traditional definitions of marketing, and offers insights into what kinds of institutions might most benefit from integrated marketing. It closes with a brief outline of the components of an integrated marketing plan.

  11. Strategic Opportunities Afforded by Integrated Marketing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CONSTANTIN SASU

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores integrated marketing, examines how integrated marketing differs from traditional definitions of marketing, and offers insights into what kinds of institutions might most benefit from integrated marketing. It closes with a brief outline of the components of an integrated marketing plan.

  12. Financial Derivatives Market for Grid Computing

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, David; Lindset, Snorre; Huuse, Henning

    2007-01-01

    This Master thesis studies the feasibility and properties of a financial derivatives market on Grid computing, a service for sharing computing resources over a network such as the Internet. For the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) to perform research with the world's largest and most complex machine, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), Grid computing was developed to handle the information created. In accordance with the mandate of CERN Technology Transfer (TT) group, this thesis is a part of CERN's dissemination of the Grid technology. The thesis gives a brief overview of the use of the Grid technology and where it is heading. IT trend analysts and large-scale IT vendors see this technology as key in transforming the world of IT. They predict that in a matter of years, IT will be bought as a service, instead of a good. Commoditization of IT, delivered as a service, is a paradigm shift that will have a broad impact on all parts of the IT market, as well as on the society as a whole. Political, e...

  13. The Adoption of Digital Marketing in Financial Services under Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Daj A.; Chirca A.

    2009-01-01

    Led by social media, online search, consumer generated content, virtual communities, and considering the increased focus on digital technologies, the longer-term prospects for digital marketing and the global online medium continue to be bright. Given the recent decline of the financial markets and the economic fallout, financial institutions have to implement new digital marketing techniques both for cost optimization and for dealing with the crisis of confidence.

  14. The consequence of financial crises in Albanian insurance market

    OpenAIRE

    Edmira Cakrani; Filloreta Madani

    2010-01-01

    The Albanian insurance market is not influenced considerably from current financial crisis. Early yet phase of development with the very low penetration level explains steadiness of insurance market to exposure influence of global financial crisis. Another factor contributed to stability of insurance market is focusing insurance businesses more on the compulsory insurance segment which is not fully liberalized. Conservative investment policies of Albanian insurers also contributed to avoiding...

  15. Financial Markets as a Commitment Device for the Government

    OpenAIRE

    Simon, Jenny

    2012-01-01

    How does the presence of financial markets shape the government's ability to implement social redistribution? Individuals do not typically constrain consumption to equal their net-of-tax income every period. Instead, access to financial markets allows them to allocate their resources over time. On the other hand, the markets that individual agents trade in are usually incomplete, in the sense that adjustments to contracts are costly. A mortgage, for example, helps to smooth housing consumptio...

  16. Financial super-markets: size matters for asset trade

    OpenAIRE

    Martin, Philippe; Rey, Helene

    2000-01-01

    The paper presents a two-country macroeconomic model in which the number of financial assets is endogenous. Imperfect substitutability of assets and international transaction costs give a comparative advantage to large markets, because of demand effects. Agents have more incentives to undertake risky investments on those markets; they can also diversify risk at a lower cost. Prices of financial assets are higher in the large area because asset markets are broader. We also analyse the impact o...

  17. Macro-economic and financial determinants of comovement across global real estate security markets

    OpenAIRE

    Stevenson, Simon

    2013-01-01

    This paper models the determinants of integration in the context of global real estate security markets. Using both local and U.S. Dollar denominated returns, we model conditional correlations across listed real estate sectors and also with the global stock market. The empirical results find that financial factors, such as the relationship with the respective equity market, volatility, the relative size of the real estate sector and trading turnover all play an important role in the degree of...

  18. Sustainable financial markets: Financial transaction tax and high capital buffers indispensable

    OpenAIRE

    Schäfer, Dorothea

    2013-01-01

    The sustainability of the financial markets is a requirement that has only appeared on the economic policy agenda very recently, whereas a stable financial system has been a declared goal for decades. The relationship between sustainability and stability is, however, still unclear. The two terms are often used synonymously but stability is only one part of sustainability. The following outlines the requirements for sustainable financial markets based on the current general principles of envir...

  19. Eroding market stability by proliferation of financial instruments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caccioli, F.; Marsili, M.; Vivo, P.

    2009-10-01

    We contrast Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT), the theoretical basis for the development of financial instruments, with a dynamical picture of an interacting market, in a simple setting. The proliferation of financial instruments apparently provides more means for risk diversification, making the market more efficient and complete. In the simple market of interacting traders discussed here, the proliferation of financial instruments erodes systemic stability and it drives the market to a critical state characterized by large susceptibility, strong fluctuations and enhanced correlations among risks. This suggests that the hypothesis of APT may not be compatible with a stable market dynamics. In this perspective, market stability acquires the properties of a common good, which suggests that appropriate measures should be introduced in derivative markets, to preserve stability. in here

  20. FINANCIAL RATIOS AND STOCK PRICES ON DEVELOPED CAPITAL MARKETS

    OpenAIRE

    BOGDAN DIMA; ?TEFANA MARIA DIMA; OTILIA ??R?M?T; CARMEN ANGYAL

    2013-01-01

    This study empirically tests for the relevance of a set of financial ratios designed to capture issuers’ financial performance for the dynamics of stock prices, on a dataset of quarterly values for 495 trading quotes from major European capital markets as well as from S&P 500 market covering a time span between 2003/1 and 2011/1. The research hypothesis is that financial ratios reflecting issuers’ financial health matter in the selection of portfolios’ structure. We tested this hypothesis in ...

  1. Taxing the Financially Integrated Multinational Firm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannesen, Niels

    2010-01-01

    This paper develops a theoretical model of corporate taxation in the presence of financially integrated multinational firms. Under the assumption that multinational firms at least partly use internal loans to finance foreign investment, we find that the optimal corporate tax rate is positive from the perspective of a small, open economy. This finding contrasts the standard result that the optimal source based capital tax is zero. Intuitively, to the extent that multinational firms finance investment in country i with loans from affiliates in country j, the burden of corporate taxes in the latter country partly fall on investment and thus workers in the former country. This tax exporting mechanism introduces a scope for corporate taxes, which is not present in standard models of international taxation. Accounting for the internal capital markets of multinational firms thus represents a way to resolve the tension between standard theory predicting zero capital taxes and the casual observation that countries tend to employ corporate taxes at fairly high rates.

  2. Financial Integration, Volatility of Financial Flows and Macroeconomic Volatility

    OpenAIRE

    Mirdala, Rajmund; Svr?eková, Aneta

    2014-01-01

    Macroeconomic instability is usually associated with increased short-term volatility in key fundamental variables. The recent literature that empirically examines implications of the macroeconomic volatility provides strong evidence of its negative growth effects. Stable macroeconomic environment represents a substantial fundamental pillar of a long-term economic growth. International financial integration as one of the phenomenon of last few decades still differentiate economists examining i...

  3. Testing the Informational Efficiency on the Romanian Financial Market

    OpenAIRE

    Aurora Murgea; Marilen Pirtea; Bogdan Dima

    2006-01-01

    The classical models of portfolio selection could not be applied on a market were the efficient market hypothesis is not valid (at least in a “weak” sense). The aim of this paper is to enlighten the difficulties of portfolio construction in a financial market with institutional and structural deficiencies, like the Romanian one, and to propose an alternative approach to the problem. The main features of our analysis are: 1) an empirical test for the efficient market hypothesis in the Romanian...

  4. Repo funding and internal capital markets in the financial crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Düwel, Cornelia

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines how the exposure of German parent banks to the disruptions on sale and repurchase markets (repo markets) during the financial crisis has affected their provision of funds to their foreign branches and subsidiaries via bank-internal capital markets. The collapse of the subprime market, the rescue of Bear Stearns and the bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers are analyzed with regard to their role as amplifiers of uncertainty about the value of collateral used in repo transactions an...

  5. On utility maximization in discrete-time financial market models

    CERN Document Server

    Rasonyi, M; Rasonyi, Miklos; Stettner, Lukasz

    2005-01-01

    We consider a discrete-time financial market model with finite time horizon and give conditions which guarantee the existence of an optimal strategy for the problem of maximizing expected terminal utility. Equivalent martingale measures are constructed using optimal strategies.

  6. The liberalisation of Chinese financial markets: (September 2012).

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Semerák, Vilém

    Singapore : World Scientific, 2015 - (Brown, K.), s. 309-326 ISBN 978-1-78326-454-4 Institutional support: RVO:67985998 Keywords : financial markets * China * liberalisation Subject RIV: AH - Economics

  7. EVALUATION OF CONTRIBUTION OF DEBT MARKET IN INDIAN FINANCIAL MARKET: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Ekambaram

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Indian Debt market is the financial market with two segment viz. the government securities market and corporate bond market, but the size of the latter is only about 14% of the total debt market. This is reflective of both, the relative recurrent fiscal deficits and the underdeveloped status of the corporate debt market. In spite of liberalization in stock market the share of debt market is still at bottom level when we compare it with equity market. Even in debt market the major portion is in the form of private placement.

  8. Derivatives, Hedge Accounting Disclosure And Impact On Indian Financial Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prabhakara T

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In India, the emergence and growth of derivatives market is relatively a recent phenomenon. Since its inception in June 2000, derivatives market has exhibited exponential growth both in terms of volume and number of contract traded. The market turnover has grown from Rs.2365 Cr. in 2000-2001 to Rs.16807782.22 Cr. in 2012-13. Within a short span of twelve years, derivatives trading in India has surpassed cash segment in terms of turnover and number of traded contracts. The passed study encompasses in its objective and significance, concept, definition, types, features, market, trend, growth, Future prospects and challenges of derivatives in India. The problem is concerned with financial risks or not and why? Thus, the article reviews the use of derivative financial instruments for financial hedge and their effects to minimize the financial risks of the entities and bankrupt entities as well as their impacts on financial markets through decisions of investors and managers because their decisions are based on analysis results of financial statements. A country's accounting policy has not applied the derivative financial instruments for financial hedging, leading to affect that country's economy or not? Especially, the financial markets of Indian countries with similar economies have not also applied the hedge accounting to their hedge activities. The article uses the accounting theories of international accounting standards and Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and applies the methods of statistical data analysis about Indian derivatives market to show the results of hedge accounting that are concerned with the performance of derivatives products in Indian marke

  9. International Stock Market Comovements: What Happened during the Financial Crisis?.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Horváth, Roman; Poldauf, P.

    2012-01-01

    Ro?. 12, ?. 1 (2012), s. 1-21. ISSN 1524-5861 R&D Projects: GA ?R GA402/09/0965 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Institutional support: RVO:67985556 Keywords : stock market comovements * financial crisis * GARCH Subject RIV: AH - Economics http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2012/E/horvath-international stock market comovements what happened during the financial crisis.pdf

  10. Limited financial market participation: A transaction cost-based explantation

    OpenAIRE

    Paiella, Monica

    2001-01-01

    This paper focuses on the issue of limited financial market participation and determines a lower bound on the level of fixed transaction costs that are required to reconcile observed portfolio choices with asset returns within an isoelastic utility framework. The bound is determined from the set of conditions that ensure the optimality of consumption behavior by financial market non-participants. It represents the lowest possible cost rationalizing observed non-participation choices by provid...

  11. Limited financial market participation: a transaction cost-based explanation

    OpenAIRE

    Paiella, M.

    2001-01-01

    This paper focuses on the issue of limited financial market participation and determines a lower bound on the level of fixed transaction costs that are required to reconcile observed portfolio choices with asset returns within an isoelastic utility framework. The bound is determined from the set of conditions that ensure the optimality of consumption behavior by financial market non-participants. It represents the lowest possible cost rationalizing observed non-participation ch...

  12. Transaction Costs and Informational Cascades in Financial Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Marco Cipriani; Antonio Guarino

    2008-01-01

    "We study the effect of transaction costs (e.g., a trading fee or a transaction tax, like the Tobin tax) on the aggregation of private information in financial markets. We implement a financial market with sequential trading and transaction costs in the laboratory. According to theory, eventually all traders neglect their private information and abstain from trading (i.e., a no-trade informational cascade occurs). We find that, in the experiment, informational no-trade cascades occur when the...

  13. Pension Reform And Financial Market Development Nexus: Evidence From Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Godson Mesike; Ade Ibiwoye

    2012-01-01

    It is generally assumed that Chilean type of pension reform helps in developing the financial market wherever the reform is adopted. However, this assertion is not clear cut especially in developing areas faced with problems of underdevelopment. Using the Error Correction Model (ECM) approach this study examines if pension reform advances the development of financial market in Nigeria. Time series data were compiled and a functional relationship was established using the OLS technique. Statis...

  14. Estimating a structural model of herd behavior in financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    Marco Cipriani; Antonio Guarino

    2012-01-01

    We develop a new methodology for estimating the importance of herd behavior in financial markets. Specifically, we build a structural model of informational herding that can be estimated with financial transaction data. In the model, rational herding arises because of information-event uncertainty. We estimate the model using 1995 stock market data for Ashland Inc., a company listed on the New York Stock Exchange. Herding occurs often and is particularly pervasive on certain days. In an infor...

  15. How to recover from the financial market flu.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doody, Dennis

    2008-05-01

    The widely publicized subprime mortgage crisis and soaring crude oil prices have contributed to considerable market volatility in recent months, inducing queasiness among institutional investors. A four-layer approach to asset allocation that carefully considers assets, liquidity, currency, and risk may be the best strategy for maintaining an institution's financial health through today's volatile market. Perhaps the biggest challenge in such financially turbulent times is keeping fear in check. PMID:18546970

  16. A Knowledge-Based Consultant for Financial Marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Kastner, John; Apte, Chidanand; Griesmer, James

    1986-01-01

    This article describes an effort to develop a knowledge-based financial marketing consultant system. Financial marketing is an excellent vehicle for both research and application in artificial intelligence (AI). This domain differs from the great majority of previous expert system domains in that there are no well-defined answers (in traditional sense); the goal here is to obtain satisfactory arguments to support the conclusions made. A large OPS5-based system was implemented as an initial pr...

  17. Financial development and corporate growth in the EU single market.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bena, J.; Jurajda, Št?pán

    2011-01-01

    Ro?. 78, ?. 311 (2011), s. 401-428. ISSN 0013-0427 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC542 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70850503 Keywords : financial development * corporate growth * access to financial market s Subject RIV: AH - Economics Impact factor: 1.152, year: 2011

  18. Co-movements between Latin American and U.S. stock markets: convergence after the financial crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Ram??rez Hassan, Andr??s; Pantoja Robayo, Javier

    2013-01-01

    Currently, the world is facing a continuous process of integration in different aspects and financial markets are no exception to this development. Despite the fact that global integration is gradual, one can find some specific events that might help to accelerate this trend. This paper shows that after the financial crisis of 2008, which mainly occurred in the United States, the Latin American stock markets exhibit a higher level of convergence, measured by the correlation between the annual...

  19. Analysis of Financial Markets' Fluctuation by Textual Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izumi, Kiyoshi; Goto, Takashi; Matsui, Tohgoroh

    In this study, we proposed a new text-mining methods for long-term market analysis. Using our method, we analyzed monthly price data of financial markets; Japanese government bond market, Japanese stock market, and the yen-dollar market. First we extracted feature vectors from monthly reports of Bank of Japan. Then, trends of each market were estimated by regression analysis using the feature vectors. As a result, determination coefficients were over 75%, and market trends were explained well by the information that was extracted from textual data. We compared the predictive power of our method among the markets. As a result, the method could estimate JGB market best and the stock market is the second.

  20. Higher-order phase transitions on financial markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasprzak, A.; Kutner, R.; Perelló, J.; Masoliver, J.

    2010-08-01

    Statistical and thermodynamic properties of the anomalous multifractal structure of random interevent (or intertransaction) times were thoroughly studied by using the extended continuous-time random walk (CTRW) formalism of Montroll, Weiss, Scher, and Lax. Although this formalism is quite general (and can be applied to any interhuman communication with nontrivial priority), we consider it in the context of a financial market where heterogeneous agent activities can occur within a wide spectrum of time scales. As the main general consequence, we found (by additionally using the Saddle-Point Approximation) the scaling or power-dependent form of the partition function, Z(q'). It diverges for any negative scaling powers q' (which justifies the name anomalous) while for positive ones it shows the scaling with the general exponent ?(q'). This exponent is the nonanalytic (singular) or noninteger power of q', which is one of the pilar of higher-order phase transitions. In definition of the partition function we used the pausing-time distribution (PTD) as the central one, which takes the form of convolution (or superstatistics used, e.g. for describing turbulence as well as the financial market). Its integral kernel is given by the stretched exponential distribution (often used in disordered systems). This kernel extends both the exponential distribution assumed in the original version of the CTRW formalism (for description of the transient photocurrent measured in amorphous glassy material) as well as the Gaussian one sometimes used in this context (e.g. for diffusion of hydrogen in amorphous metals or for aging effects in glasses). Our most important finding is the third- and higher-order phase transitions, which can be roughly interpreted as transitions between the phase where high frequency trading is most visible and the phase defined by low frequency trading. The specific order of the phase transition directly depends upon the shape exponent ? defining the stretched exponential integral kernel. On this basis a simple practical hint for investors was formulated.

  1. Interaction of formal and informal financial markets in quasi-emerging market economies

    OpenAIRE

    Ngalawa, Harold; Viegi, Nicola

    2013-01-01

    The primary objective of this paper is to investigate the interaction of formal and informal financial markets and their impact on economic activity in quasi-emerging market economies. Using a four-sector dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model with asymmetric information in the formal financial sector, we come up with three fundamental findings. First, we demonstrate that formal and informal financial sector loans are complementary in the aggregate, suggesting that an increa...

  2. A Bull Market for Financial Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finkel, Ed

    2010-01-01

    School districts across the country have been taking a harder look at what they are teaching students about financial literacy in the wake of the financial crisis of the past few years, caused in part by excessive credit card and mortgage debt. While economics courses have been common for many years, particularly at the high school level,…

  3. Financial Literacy: Getting beyond the Markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanford, Jim

    2010-01-01

    Recently, several Canadian provinces have added financial literacy into core curriculum for high school students, and in his 2009 budget, federal Finance Minister Jim Flaherty announced the creation of a Task Force to evaluate current financial literacy initiatives. Typically, these initiatives focus on "individual responsibility", implying that…

  4. Integration of liberalised energy market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The markets for electricity, natural gas and district heating are inter-linked both with respect to the energy flows and with respect to ownership of supply sources and infrastructure. The extent and the possible consequences of these linkages are examined in this report. The options for public interventions in these markets are analysed to compare instruments with respect to their ability to provide the necessary incentives for an efficient functioning of the liberalised markets. Aspects of retail markets with households facing multi-product distribution companies and aspects of the production of combined heat and power based on natural gas has been covered. This project identifies some important aspects related to final consumers and the interaction of markets with different types of regulation and scope for liberalisation. From a Danish perspective the district heat market and the dependence on market conditions for natural gas is a specific concern. Consumer concerns also relate to the creation of multi-product energy distribution companies that are privately owned and possibly controlled by foreign interests. Such companies might use bundled sales of energy products to extent their dominant position in one market e.g. a regulated heat market to a market with considerable competition (electricity). Bundled sales would not necessarily result in a loss for the consumer due to economies of scope in supplying energy products. However, the regulatory authorities responsible for district heat prices will have a more complicated job in surveying the bundled price setting. Integration of activities within natural gas distribution and CHP production has been analysed with respect to incentives and welfare implications. Results of the project point to critical market conditions and identify areas of concern for regulatory policies. The analysis shows that there is a large welfare loss associated with having monopolies in both natural gas supplies and the CHP production. If liberalisation allows integration of these two energy markets welfare would be improved relative to the first case. Furthermore the analysis shows that the existence of differentiated electricity production technology (fuels) reduces the welfare loss from the monopoly in the natural gas supply even though the natural gas keeps a high market share. (au)

  5. FINANCIAL RATIOS AND STOCK PRICES ON DEVELOPED CAPITAL MARKETS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BOGDAN DIMA

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study empirically tests for the relevance of a set of financial ratios designed to capture issuers’ financial performance for the dynamics of stock prices, on a dataset of quarterly values for 495 trading quotes from major European capital markets as well as from S&P 500 market covering a time span between 2003/1 and 2011/1. The research hypothesis is that financial ratios reflecting issuers’ financial health matter in the selection of portfolios’ structure. We tested this hypothesis in a GMM methodological framework and found that such relationship holds on long run, even if there appears to be some differences in the reactions of European and United States’ stocks to financial information.

  6. Financial Repression To Financial Liberalisation Of Indian Banking And Capital Market Sectors (pre &post 1991 Reforms)

    OpenAIRE

    Raghavendra Rao Rentala

    2012-01-01

    Financial sector of any Economy is multi-faceted term. It refers to legal and institutional arrangements, financial intermediaries, markets and instruments with both domestic and external dimensions. The Economic Development of a nation is reflected by the progress of the various economic units, broadly classified into Corporate sector, Government and Household sector. While performing their activities these units will be placed in a surplus/deficit/balanced budgetary situations.Financial sy...

  7. A statistical physics perspective on criticality in financial markets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stock markets are complex systems exhibiting collective phenomena and particular features such as synchronization, fluctuations distributed as power-laws, non-random structures and similarity to neural networks. Such specific properties suggest that markets operate at a very special point. Financial markets are believed to be critical by analogy to physical systems, but little statistically founded evidence has been given. Through a data-based methodology and comparison to simulations inspired by the statistical physics of complex systems, we show that the Dow Jones and index sets are not rigorously critical. However, financial systems are closer to criticality in the crash neighborhood. (paper)

  8. Illiquidity of frontier financial market: Case of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Živkovi? Boško

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper explores illiquidity of the Serbian financial market for the period of 2005-2009. The financial market in Serbia is, by its type, a frontier market. We used daily data from the BELEXline index, as well as all stocks within this index in examined timeframe, provided by the Belgrade Stock Exchange. Results of this paper suggest that level of market liquidity is low and persistent in Serbia. Additionally, results confirm that time-varying illiquidity and its volatility is highly unstable in this market. This is the first paper that analyses liquidity issues in case of Serbia. It identifies different periods and shows that, in most cases, ups and downs in foreign investors' participation leads to dramatic falls and rises in market illiquidity and its volatility.

  9. Integration and Comovement of Developed and Emerging Islamic Stock Markets: A Case Study of Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Naseri, Marjan; Masih, Mansur

    2014-01-01

    This paper attempts to analyse the extent of financial integration of two developed (the U.S. and Japan) and two emerging Islamic stock markets (China and India) with the Malaysian Islamic stock market in order for the Malaysian financial traders to make decision about their portfolio diversification, risk management and asset allocation. Despite the growing interest in Islamic finance, there are few empirical studies investigating integration of Islamic stock markets. As a res...

  10. Phantastic objects and the financial market's sense of reality: a psychoanalytic contribution to the understanding of stock market instability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuckett, David; Taffler, Richard

    2008-04-01

    This paper sets out to explore if standard psychoanalytic thinking based on clinical experience can illuminate instability in financial markets and its widespread human consequences. Buying, holding or selling financial assets in conditions of inherent uncertainty and ambiguity, it is argued, necessarily implies an ambivalent emotional and phantasy relationship to them. Based on the evidence of historical accounts, supplemented by some interviewing, the authors suggest a psychoanalytic approach focusing on unconscious phantasy relationships, states of mind, and unconscious group functioning can explain some outstanding questions about financial bubbles which cannot be explained with mainstream economic theories. The authors also suggest some institutional features of financial markets which may ordinarily increase or decrease the likelihood that financial decisions result from splitting off those thoughts which give rise to painful emotions. Splitting would increase the future risk of financial instability and in this respect the theory with which economic agents in such markets approach their work is important. An interdisciplinary theory recognizing and making possible the integration of emotional experience may be more useful to economic agents than the present mainstream theories which contrast rational and irrational decision-making and model them as making consistent decisions on the basis of reasoning alone. PMID:18405290

  11. Dissecting financial markets Sectors and states

    CERN Document Server

    Marsili, M

    2002-01-01

    By analyzing a large data set of daily returns with data clustering technique, we identify economic sectors as clusters of assets with a similar economic dynamics. The sector size distribution follows Zipf's law. Secondly, we find that patterns of daily market-wide economic activity cluster into classes that can be identified with market states. The distribution of frequencies of market states shows scale-free properties and the memory of the market state process extends to long times ($\\sim 50$ days). Assets in the same sector behave similarly across states. We characterize market efficiency by analyzing market's predictability and find that indeed the market is close to being efficient. We find evidence of the existence of a dynamic pattern after market's crashes.

  12. Financial Integration of East Asian Economies: Evidence from Real Interest Parity

    OpenAIRE

    Baharumshah, Ahmad Zubaidi; Chan, Tze-Haw; Masih, A. Mansur A.

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, we investigate the financial linkages between the East Asian countries with Japan and the US using the real interest rate parity (RIP) condition. This study offers three important results: first, we find strong (robust) evidence that RIP condition holds in all the Asian countries, except for China. Based on SURADF tests, we conclude that South Korea and the ASEAN-5 countries are financially integrated with the global financial markets namely, Japan and the US. Second, we also c...

  13. Non-linear Analysis of Shocks when Financial Markets are Subject to Changes in Regime

    OpenAIRE

    Olteanu, Madalina; Rynkiewicz, Joseph; Maillet, Bertrand

    2004-01-01

    Violent turbulences are often striking the financial markets and an Index of Market Shocks (IMS) was recently introduced in the attempt of quantifying these turbulences. Regime switching linear models have already been used in modelling the conditional volatility of returns. In this paper we propose a description of the IMS with hybrid models integrating multi-layer perceptrons and hidden Markov chains. After sudying the prediction performance of these models, we focus on the series separatio...

  14. Testing for Detailed Balance in a Financial Market

    OpenAIRE

    Fiebig, Rudolf; Musgrove, David

    2014-01-01

    We test a historical price time series in a financial market (the NASDAQ 100 index) for a statistical property known as detailed balance. The presence of detailed balance would imply that the market can be modeled by a stochastic process based on a Markov chain, thus leading to equilibrium. In economic terms, a positive outcome of the test would support the efficient market hypothesis, a cornerstone of neo-classical economic theory. In contrast to the usage in prevalent econ...

  15. The effects of relative performance objectives on financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    Igan, Deniz; Pinheiro, Marcelo

    2012-01-01

    We analyze the implications of linking the compensation of fund managers to the return of their portfolio relative to that of a benchmark. In the presence of such relative-performance-based objectives, investors have reduced expected utility but markets are typically more informative and deeper. Furthermore, in a multiple asset/market framework we show that (i) relative performance concerns lead to an increase in the correlation between markets (financial contagion); (ii) benchmark inclusi...

  16. What drives financial markets? Real-time macroeconomic indicators

    OpenAIRE

    Hansen, Jakob Lage

    2006-01-01

    It is difficult to identify the driving forces behind financial market developments as they are not directly observable. The paper argues that correlations between asset prices in different markets can be used to infer which of five macroeconomic factors that drive markets (growth and inflation in the euro area and the US respectively and global risk appetite). The asset pricing in the model follows standard finance theory, but the resulting indicators are novel. The indicators are useful as ...

  17. The Market for Financial Derivatives: Removing Impediments to Growth

    OpenAIRE

    Bacha, Obiyathulla I.

    2004-01-01

    This paper begins with an evaluation of the performance of the Malaysian market for financial derivatives. Despite a headstart, Malaysia appears to be lagging substantially when compared to the performance of other Asian derivative markets. While the other Asian markets though newer, have seen explosive growth in volume, trading volume in Malaysia appears to have shrunk. We examine why this has been the case and identify several macro and micro level impediments. Among macro level impedim...

  18. Quantifying Trading Behavior in Financial Markets Using Google Trends

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preis, Tobias; Moat, Helen Susannah; Stanley, H. Eugene

    2013-04-01

    Crises in financial markets affect humans worldwide. Detailed market data on trading decisions reflect some of the complex human behavior that has led to these crises. We suggest that massive new data sources resulting from human interaction with the Internet may offer a new perspective on the behavior of market participants in periods of large market movements. By analyzing changes in Google query volumes for search terms related to finance, we find patterns that may be interpreted as ``early warning signs'' of stock market moves. Our results illustrate the potential that combining extensive behavioral data sets offers for a better understanding of collective human behavior.

  19. Consolidated supervision of financial institutions and financial market in the Republic of Croatia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojana Olgi? Draženovi?

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The question of regulation and supervision of all parts of financial system is of major importance for any country. In order to protect the interest of the society and to accelerate the economic development, it is necessary to provide adequate legal framework as well as independent supervision institutions. The regulations refer mostly to maintenance of financial stability and consumer protection. The article points out that the structure of the financial sector in the Republic of Croatia is underdeveloped and characterized by domination of the banking sector. Therefore, bank supervision is one of the main tasks of Croatian national bank and all other financial institutions (except banks are regulated by other regulatory institutions. The problems of authority overlapping and insufficient regulation are becoming more complex by the development of financial sector and especially by the deregulation of financial markets. Because of that, it is reasonable to investigate the existing regulatory framework of Croatian financial system concerning its structure and development.

  20. Financial Market Regulation in Germany - Capital Requirements of Financial Institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Karl Detzer

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines capital adequacy regulation in Germany. The first part reviews capital adequacy regulation from the 1930s up to the financial crisis and identifies two main trends: a gradual softening of the eligibility criteria for equity and increasing reliance on internal risk models. While the first trend has been reversed following the financial crisis, internal risk models still play a central role. Therefore, the second part discusses the problems with the use of internal risk models and discusses the potentials of Basel 2.5 and Basel III to alleviate the identified problems. It is concluded that the relevant problems are not resolved. Therefore, in the final part some suggestions of how the problems could be addressed properly are given.

  1. Testing the Informational Efficiency on the Romanian Financial Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogdan Dima

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The classical models of portfolio selection could not be applied on a market were the efficient market hypothesis is not valid (at least in a "weak" sense. The aim of this paper is to enlighten the difficulties of portfolio construction in a financial market with institutional and structural deficiencies, like the Romanian one, and to propose an alternative approach to the problem. The main features of our analysis are: 1 an empirical test for the efficient market hypothesis in the Romanian financial market case; 2 a critical distinction between the concept of "risk" and the concept of "incertitude"; 3 the use of the individual yield/risk ratio versus the market one as a selection variable; 4 the renouncement at the use in the selection procedure of an "non-risky" asset; 5 an example of the proposed selection procedure. The output of this approach could be resumed by the thesis that, even in a situation when the financial market is affected by severe disfunctions, there is a possibility to build an "optimal" portfolio based on a yield-risk arbitrage inside an efficiency frontier and to obtain a "good" schema of an financial placement, in spite of the limited possibilities for a efficient portfolio management.

  2. Testing the Informational Efficiency on the Romanian Financial Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurora Murgea

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available The classical models of portfolio selection could not be applied on a market were the efficient market hypothesis is not valid (at least in a “weak” sense. The aim of this paper is to enlighten the difficulties of portfolio construction in a financial market with institutional and structural deficiencies, like the Romanian one, and to propose an alternative approach to the problem. The main features of our analysis are: 1 an empirical test for the efficient market hypothesis in the Romanian financial market case; 2 a critical distinction between the concept of “risk” and the concept of “incertitude”; 3 the use of the individual yield/risk ratio versus the market one as a selection variable; 4 the renouncement at the use in the selection procedure of an “non-risky” asset; 5 an example of the proposed selection procedure. The output of this approach could be resumed by the thesis that, even in a situation when the financial market is affected by severe disfunctions, there is a possibility to build an “optimal” portfolio based on a yield-risk arbitrage inside an efficiency frontier and to obtain a “good” schema of an financial placement, in spite of the limited possibilities for a efficient portfolio management.

  3. Ambiguity Aversion and Incompleteness of Financial Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Mukerji, Sujoy; Tallon, Jean-Marc

    2001-01-01

    It is widely thought that incomes risks can be shared by trading infinancial assets. But financial assets typically carry some riskidiosyncratic to them, hence, disposing incomes risk using financial assetswill involve buying into the inherent idiosyncratic risk. However, standardtheory argues that diversification would reduce the inconvenience ofidiosyncratic risk to arbitrarily low levels. This argument is less robustthan what standard theory leads us to believe: ambiguity aversion canexace...

  4. Machine learning for financial market prediction

    OpenAIRE

    Fletcher, T. S. B.

    2012-01-01

    The usage of machine learning techniques for the prediction of financial time series is investigated. Both discriminative and generative methods are considered and compared to more standard financial prediction techniques. Generative methods such as Switching Autoregressive Hidden Markov and changepoint models are found to be unsuccessful at predicting daily and minutely prices from a wide range of asset classes. Committees of discriminative techniques (Support Vector Machines (SV...

  5. Vertical integration and market power

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maddigan, R.J.

    1980-01-01

    One of the continuing debates of industrial organization surrounds the importance of market structure in determining a firm's performance. This controversy develops naturally from the difficulties in measuring the relevant variables and the hazards of statistical analysis. The focus of this empirical study is the relationship between vertical integration, as an element of market structure, and market power, as a component of a firm's performance. The model presented in this paper differs from previous efforts because vertical integration is measured by the Vertical Industry Connections (VIC) index. VIC is defined as a function of the relative net interactions among the industries in which a firm operates, and is calculated by use of the national input-output tables. A linear regression model is estimated by means of a random sample of firms selected from the Standard and Poor's COMPUSTAT data base for 1963, 1967, and 1972. Combined cross-sectional, time-series methods are employed. The dependent variable is the price-cost margin; the independent variables include not only VIC, but also the concentration ratio, diversification index, value of assets, capital-output ratio, and sales growth. The results indicate that VIC is significant in increasing the price-cost margin, and thus support the hypothesis that vertical integration is a strategy to enhance market power. 1 figure, 3 tables.

  6. Predicting Financial Distress in the Hong Kong Growth Enterprises Market from the Perspective of Financial Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Hu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study, according to our knowledge, is the first attempt to establish a financial distress prediction model for a unique set of enterprises, which are the enterprises listed on the specialized Hong Kong Growth Enterprise Market. It also makes an analysis of corporate financial sustainability and its relationship to financial distress prediction. The logistic regression and jackknife method are used to test the predictability of various models with data drawn from the Growth Enterprise Market for the years 2000–2010. The study finds that a model that includes firm-specific financial variables, firm-specific non-financial variables and a macro-economic variable is a better predictor of financial distress than is a model that includes only the first set of variables or a model that includes the latter two sets of variables. It also finds that a model that includes the latter two sets of variables is a better predictor of financial distress than is a model that includes only the first set of variables. These findings are vital for financial sustainability, as investors, policymakers, auditors and stakeholders of this market would find the conclusions emanating from the study extremely useful.

  7. Estimating WACC for Regulated Industries on Developing Financial Markets and in Times of Market Uncertainty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Stubelj

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the estimation of weighted average cost of capital (WACC for regulated industries in developing financial markets from the perspective of the current financial-economic crisis. In current financial market situation some evident changes have occurred: risk-free rates in solid and developed financial markets (e. g. USA, Germany have fallen, but due to increased market volatility, the risk premiums have increased. The latter is especially evident in transition economies where the amplitude of market volatility is extremely high. In such circumstances, there is a question of how to calculate WACC properly. WACC is an important measure in financial management decisions and in our case, business regulation. We argue in the paper that the most accurate method for calculating WACC is the estimation of the long-term WACC, which takes into consideration a long-term stable yield of capital and not the current market conditions. Following this, we propose some solutions that could be used for calculating WACC for regulated industries on the developing financial markets in times of market uncertainty. As an example, we present an estimation of the capital cost for a selected Slovenian company, which operates in the regulated industry of electric distribution.

  8. On the Market Risks Prevention of China’s Commercial Banks’Financial Product under the Financial Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Mengchun Ding; Hongxin Li

    2009-01-01

    The year 2009 faces significant changes of economy. In front of the global financial crisis originated from Wall Street sub-prime mortgage crisis, China will be affected inevitably. The financial products market of the banking industry suffers from serious test. Starting from the concept, the classification, the risks, and the development of China’s commercial banks’ financial products, this paper analyzes the market risks of China’s commercial banks’ financial products under the financial cr...

  9. Classical and quantum randomness and the financial market

    CERN Document Server

    Khrennikov, Andrei

    2007-01-01

    We analyze complexity of financial (and general economic) processes by comparing classical and quantum-like models for randomness. Our analysis implies that it might be that a quantum-like probabilistic description is more natural for financial market than the classical one. A part of our analysis is devoted to study the possibility of application of the quantum probabilistic model to agents of financial market. We show that, although the direct quantum (physical) reduction (based on using the scales of quantum mechanics) is meaningless, one may apply so called quantum-like models. In our approach quantum-like probabilistic behaviour is a consequence of contextualy of statistical data in finances (and economics in general). However, our hypothesis on "quantumness" of financial data should be tested experimentally (as opposed to the conventional description based on the noncontextual classical probabilistic approach). We present a new statistical test based on a generalization of the well known in quantum phys...

  10. Complex systems: from nuclear physics to financial markets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We compare correlations and coherent structures in nuclei and financial markets. In the nuclear physics part we review giant resonances which can be interpreted as a coherent structure embedded in chaos. With similar methods we investigate the financial empirical correlation matrix of the DAX and Dow Jones. We will show, that if the time-zone delay is properly accounted for, the two distinct markets largely merge into one. This is reflected by the largest eigenvalue that develops a gap relative to the remaining, chaotic eigenvalues. By extending investigations of the specific character of financial collectivity we also discuss the criticality-analog phenomenon of the financial log-periodicity and show specific examples.

  11. Central bank communication in the financial crisis: Evidence from a survey of financial market participants

    OpenAIRE

    Hayo, Bernd; Neuenkirch, Matthias

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we study whether central bank communication has a positive effect on market participants' perception of central banks' (i) credibility, (ii) unorthodox measures, and (iii) independence. We utilise a survey of more than 500 financial market participants from around the world who answered questions in reference to the Bank of England (BoE), the Bank of Japan (BoJ), the European Central Bank (ECB), and the Federal Reserve (Fed). We find that market participants believe that the Fe...

  12. Force-majeure events and financial market’s behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Plastun, Alex; Plastun, Vyacheslav

    2013-01-01

    Efficient market hypothesis fails from time to time. There are many reasons why it happens. We will try to concentrate on one of them – force-majeure events – situations when something important happens unexpectedly. In this case market simply can’t absorb information in one moment. So for some period of time it becomes inefficient and stays inefficient until new information will not be included by the market. Such situations give us possibility to predict the market’s behavior. This is our i...

  13. Networks in financial markets based on the mutual information rate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiedor, Pawe?

    2014-05-01

    In the last few years there have been many efforts in econophysics studying how network theory can facilitate understanding of complex financial markets. These efforts consist mainly of the study of correlation-based hierarchical networks. This is somewhat surprising as the underlying assumptions of research looking at financial markets are that they are complex systems and thus behave in a nonlinear manner, which is confirmed by numerous studies, making the use of correlations which are inherently dealing with linear dependencies only baffling. In this paper we introduce a way to incorporate nonlinear dynamics and dependencies into hierarchical networks to study financial markets using mutual information and its dynamical extension: the mutual information rate. We show that this approach leads to different results than the correlation-based approach used in most studies, on the basis of 91 companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange 100 between 2003 and 2013, using minimal spanning trees and planar maximally filtered graphs.

  14. FBIH financial market segmentation on the basis of image factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnela Bevanda

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to recognize, single out and define market segments useful for future marketing strategies, using certain statistical techniques on the basis of influence of various image factors of financial institutions. The survey included a total of 500 interviewees: 250 bank clients and 250 clients of insurance companies. Starting from the problem area and research goal, the following hypothesis has been formulated: Basic preferences of clients in regard of image factors while selecting financial institutions are different enough to be used as such for differentiating significant market segments of clients. Two segments have been singled out by cluster analysis and named, respectively, traditionalists and visualists. Results of the research confirmed the established hypothesis and pointed to the fact that managers in the financial institutions of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBIH must undertake certain corrective actions, especially when planning and implementing communication strategies, if they wish to maintain their competitiveness in serving both selected segments.

  15. Analysis of Spin Financial Market by GARCH Model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A spin model is used for simulations of financial markets. To determine return volatility in the spin financial market we use the GARCH model often used for volatility estimation in empirical finance. We apply the Bayesian inference performed by the Markov Chain Monte Carlo method to the parameter estimation of the GARCH model. It is found that volatility determined by the GARCH model exhibits ''volatility clustering'' also observed in the real financial markets. Using volatility determined by the GARCH model we examine the mixture-of-distribution hypothesis (MDH) suggested for the asset return dynamics. We find that the returns standardized by volatility are approximately standard normal random variables. Moreover we find that the absolute standardized returns show no significant autocorrelation. These findings are consistent with the view of the MDH for the return dynamics

  16. Development in Financial Markets and the performance of German IPOs

    OpenAIRE

    Gounopoulos, D; Hoebelt, J

    2013-01-01

    By using an expanded sample of German IPOs listed between 1992 and 2012 covering two major amendments on the financial market, IFRS adoption and the recent financial crisis. Their results indicate that IFRS adoption has reduced underpricing in Germany and has significantly affected their long-term performance. This clearly suggests the advantages of preparing IFRS accounts which might be an incentive for private companies to use IFRS voluntarily. Similarly firms that have gone public during t...

  17. The Use of Financial Derivatives in Emerging Market Economies: An Empirical Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina's Non-Financial Firms

    OpenAIRE

    Emira Kozarevic; Meldina Kokorovic Jukan; Beriz Civic

    2014-01-01

    This paper discusses development of financial derivatives markets in emerging market economies, focusing on the use of financial derivatives in risk management purposes of non-financial firms in Bosnia and Herzegovina. For achieving the research goals authors collected data on the derivatives market structure and types of derivative instrument traded, focusing commercial banks, because of the authors’ prior knowledge of the derivatives market. Additionally, in order to assess the current stat...

  18. Taxing the Financially Integrated Multinational Firm

    OpenAIRE

    JOHANNESEN, Niels

    2010-01-01

    This paper develops a theoretical model of corporate taxation in the presence of financially integrated multinational firms. Under the assumption that multinational firms at least partly use internal loans to finance foreign investment, we find that the optimal corporate tax rate is positive from the perspective of a small, open economy. This finding contrasts the standard result that the optimal source based capital tax is zero. Intuitively, to the extent that multinational firms finance inv...

  19. Evaluation of wholesale electric power market rules and financial risk management by agent-based simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Nanpeng

    As U.S. regional electricity markets continue to refine their market structures, designs and rules of operation in various ways, two critical issues are emerging. First, although much experience has been gained and costly and valuable lessons have been learned, there is still a lack of a systematic platform for evaluation of the impact of a new market design from both engineering and economic points of view. Second, the transition from a monopoly paradigm characterized by a guaranteed rate of return to a competitive market created various unfamiliar financial risks for various market participants, especially for the Investor Owned Utilities (IOUs) and Independent Power Producers (IPPs). This dissertation uses agent-based simulation methods to tackle the market rules evaluation and financial risk management problems. The California energy crisis in 2000-01 showed what could happen to an electricity market if it did not go through a comprehensive and rigorous testing before its implementation. Due to the complexity of the market structure, strategic interaction between the participants, and the underlying physics, it is difficult to fully evaluate the implications of potential changes to market rules. This dissertation presents a flexible and integrative method to assess market designs through agent-based simulations. Realistic simulation scenarios on a 225-bus system are constructed for evaluation of the proposed PJM-like market power mitigation rules of the California electricity market. Simulation results show that in the absence of market power mitigation, generation company (GenCo) agents facilitated by Q-learning are able to exploit the market flaws and make significantly higher profits relative to the competitive benchmark. The incorporation of PJM-like local market power mitigation rules is shown to be effective in suppressing the exercise of market power. The importance of financial risk management is exemplified by the recent financial crisis. In this dissertation, basic financial risk management concepts relevant for wholesale electric power markets are carefully explained and illustrated. In addition, the financial risk management problem in wholesale electric power markets is generalized as a four-stage process. Within the proposed financial risk management framework, the critical problem of financial bilateral contract negotiation is addressed. This dissertation analyzes a financial bilateral contract negotiation process between a generating company and a load-serving entity in a wholesale electric power market with congestion managed by locational marginal pricing. Nash bargaining theory is used to model a Pareto-efficient settlement point. The model predicts negotiation results under varied conditions and identifies circumstances in which the two parties might fail to reach an agreement. Both analysis and agent-based simulation are used to gain insight regarding how relative risk aversion and biased price estimates influence negotiated outcomes. These results should provide useful guidance to market participants in their bilateral contract negotiation processes.

  20. Three state herding model of the financial markets

    CERN Document Server

    Kononovicius, Aleksejus

    2012-01-01

    We propose a Markov jump process with the three state herding interaction. We see our approach as an agent-based model for the financial markets. Under certain assumptions this agent-based model can be related to the stochastic description exhibiting sophisticated statistical features. Along with power-law probability density function of the absolute returns we are able to reproduce the fractured power spectral density, which is observed in the high-frequency financial market data. Given example of consistent agent-based and stochastic modeling will provide background for the further developments in the research of complex social systems.

  1. Three-state herding model of the financial markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kononovicius, A.; Gontis, V.

    2013-01-01

    We propose a Markov jump process with the three-state herding interaction. We see our approach as an agent-based model for the financial markets. Under certain assumptions this agent-based model can be related to the stochastic description exhibiting sophisticated statistical features. Along with power-law probability density function of the absolute returns we are able to reproduce the fractured power spectral density, which is observed in the high-frequency financial market data. The given example of consistent agent-based and stochastic modeling will provide a background for further developments in the research of complex social systems.

  2. Modelling Information Flows in Financial Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Dorje C. Brody; Hughston, Lane P; Macrina, Andrea

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents an overview of information-based asset pricing. In this approach, an asset is defined by its cash-flow structure. The market is assumed to have access to "partial" information about future cash flows. Each cash flow is determined by a collection of independent market factors called X-factors. The market filtration is generated by a set of information processes, each of which carries information about one of the X-factors, and eventually reveals the X-fact...

  3. Empirical Studies on Financial Markets: Private Equity, Corporate Bonds and Emerging Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Zwart, G.J. de

    2008-01-01

    This dissertation consists of five empirical studies on financial markets. Each study can be read independently and covers a specific market, either private equity, corporate bonds or emerging markets. The first study documents that risk factors cannot account for the significant excess returns of selection strategies based on value, momentum or earnings revisions indicators in the emerging equity market. The second study presents empirical evidence that security analysts do not efficiently u...

  4. Modelling Information Flows in Financial Markets

    CERN Document Server

    Brody, Dorje C; Macrina, Andrea

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents an overview of information-based asset pricing. In this approach, an asset is defined by its cash-flow structure. The market is assumed to have access to "partial" information about future cash flows. Each cash flow is determined by a collection of independent market factors called X-factors. The market filtration is generated by a set of information processes, each of which carries information about one of the X-factors, and eventually reveals the X-factor. Each information process has two terms, one of which contains a "signal" about the associated X-factor, and the other of which represents "market noise". The price of an asset is given by the expectation of the discounted cash flows in the risk-neutral measure, conditional on the information provided by the market. When the market noise is modelled by a Brownian bridge one is able to construct explicit formulae for asset prices, as well as semi-analytic expressions for the prices and greeks of options and derivatives. In particular, op...

  5. Models of Financial Markets with Extensive Participation Incentives

    CERN Document Server

    Yeung, C H; Zhang, Y -C

    2007-01-01

    We consider models of financial markets in which all parties involved find incentives to participate. Strategies are evaluated directly by their virtual wealths. By tuning the price sensitivity and market impact, a phase diagram with several attractor behaviors resembling those of real markets emerge, reflecting the roles played by the arbitrageurs and trendsetters, and including a phase with irregular price trends and positive sums. The positive-sumness of the players' wealths provides participation incentives for them. Evolution and the bid-ask spread provide mechanisms for the gain in wealth of both the players and market-makers. The enhanced survival of the new players through strategy pre-learning provides a mechanism to attract an influx of new players. We test the applicability of the model on real Hang Seng Index data over 20 years. Comparisons with other models show that our model has a superior average performance when applied to real financial data.

  6. Product Market Integration, Comparative Advantages and Labour Market Performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Torben M.; Rose Skaksen, Jan

    2003-01-01

    Product Market Integration, Comparative Advantages andLabour Market Performance@*In a two-country model with trade driven by comparative advantages, it is considered howimperfectly competitive labour markets are affected by lower frictions in international goodstrade. Easier goods trading is equivalent to increased mobility of employment acrosscountries and thus a change in the trade-off between wages and employment faced by wagesetters. While the effects of product market integration on the tra...

  7. Corporate Investments in Asian Emerging Markets: Financial Conditions, Financial Development, and Financial Constraints

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Jianxin; Gochoco-Bautista, Maria Socorro; Sotocinal, Noli

    2013-01-01

    Motivated by the literature on the finance–growth nexus, this paper explores the mechanisms through which finance affects corporate investments and capital accumulation. We separate the effects of financial conditions from those of financial development. Based on a sample of firms from five Asian emerging economies, we find that (1) financial conditions and financial development affect corporate investments through different channels. Financial conditions affect firms' growth opportunities an...

  8. Wealth selection in a financial market with heterogeneous agents

    OpenAIRE

    Anufriev, Mikhail; Dindo, Pietro

    2007-01-01

    We study the co-evolution of asset prices and agents' wealth in a financial market populated by an arbitrary number of heterogeneous, boundedly rational investors. We model assets' demand to be proportional to agents' wealth, so that wealth dynamics can be used as a selection device. For a general class of investment behaviors, we are able to characterize the long run market outcome, i.e. the steady-state equilibrium values of asset return, and agents' survival. Our investigation illustrates ...

  9. Herding and price convergence in a laboratory financial market

    OpenAIRE

    Cipriani, M; Guarino, A.

    2002-01-01

    We study whether herding can arise in a laboratory financial market in which agents trade sequentially. Agents trade an asset whose value is unknown and whose price is efficiently set by a market maker. We show that the presence of a price mechanism destroys the possibility of herding. Most agents follow their private information and prices converge to the fundamental value. This result contrasts with the case of a fixed price, where herding and cascades arise. When the p...

  10. Reputational Herding in Financial Markets: A Laboratory Experiment

    OpenAIRE

    Roider, Andreas; Voskort, Andrea

    2015-01-01

    We study reputational herding in financial markets in a laboratory experiment. In the spirit of Dasgupta and Prat (2008), career concerns are introduced in a sequential asset market, where wages for investors are set by subjects in the role of employers. Employers can observe investment behavior, but not investors? ability types. Thereby, reputational incentives may arise endogenously. We find that a sizeable fraction of investors follows an established trend even in a setting where there are...

  11. Bubbles and crashes: Escape dynamics in financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    Friedman, Daniel; Abraham, Ralph

    2007-01-01

    We develop a financial market model focused on fund managers who continuously adjust their exposure to risk in response to the payoff gradient. The base model has a stable equilibrium with classic properties. However, bubbles and crashes occur in extended models incorporating an endogenous market risk premium based on investors' historical losses and constant gain learning. When losses have been small for a long time, asset prices inflate as fund managers adopt riskier portfolios. Then slight...

  12. Financial analysts and information flows in the markets

    OpenAIRE

    Druz, Marina; Degeorge, François

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this research project is to discuss the information flow between managers, analysts and investors in the financial markets. It examines the official information releases such as quarterly earnings announcements, unofficial flows of information between managers and analysts, and uncertain information as interpretation of managers' actions, so-called "signals", used by analysts and investors. The agency problem created by informational inequality of the market participants cre...

  13. The Housing Market in Colombia: Socioeconomic and Financial Determinants

    OpenAIRE

    Clavijo, Sergio; Janna, Michel; Munoz, Santiago

    2005-01-01

    This document provides an overview of the housing system in Colombia, exploring its socioeconomic and financial determinants and offering recommendations to improve the collection of basic data on the construction sector, household socioeconomic conditions, and mortgage markets. The paper also estimates a simultaneous econometric model for the country`s housing market using quarterly data over the period 1991-2004. On the demand side, we find that the area of approved licenses is highly elast...

  14. Visual market sector analysis for financial time series data

    OpenAIRE

    Ziegler, Hartmut; Jenny, M; Gruse, Tino; Keim, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    The massive amount of financial time series data that originates from the stock market generates large amounts of complex data of high interest. However, adequate solutions that can effectively handle the information in order to gain insight and to understand the market mechanisms are rare. In this paper, we present two techniques and applications that enable the user to interactively analyze large amounts of time series data in real-time in order to get insight into the development of assets...

  15. Business Groups in Emerging Markets - Financial Control and Sequential Investment

    OpenAIRE

    Hainz, Christa

    2006-01-01

    Business groups in emerging markets perform better than unaffiliated firms. One explanation is that business groups substitute some functions of missing institutions, for example, enforcing contracts. We investigate this by setting up a model where firms within the business group are connected to each other by a vertical production structure and an internal capital market. Thus, the business group?s organizational mode and the financial structure allow a self-enforcing contract to be designed...

  16. Herding and Contrarian Behavior in Financial Markets - An Internet Experiment

    OpenAIRE

    Drehmann, Mathias; Oechssler, Jörg; Roider, Andreas

    2004-01-01

    Lecture on the first SFB/TR 15 meeting, Gummersbach, July, 18 - 20, 2004: We report results of an internet experiment designed to test the theory of informational cascades in financial markets (Avery and Zemsky, AER, 1998). More than 6400 subjects, including a subsample of 267 consultants from an international consulting firm, participated in the experiment. As predicted by theory, we find that the presence of a flexible market price prevents herding. However, the presence of contrarian behav...

  17. Product Market Integration, Wage Dispersion and Unemployment

    OpenAIRE

    Andersen, Torben M.

    2001-01-01

    Even when international product market integration is taking place between fairly similar countries with low labour mobility, it may have important effects for labour markets by increasing the mobility of jobs. This creates both opportunities through exports and threats from imports. Is there any reason why the benefits and costs of product market integration should be unequally distributed across different groups in the labour market? Considering integration as a gradual process lowering tra...

  18. Electrodynamical model of quasi-efficient financial market

    CERN Document Server

    Ilinskii, K N; Ilinski, Kirill N.; Stepanenko, Alexander S.

    1998-01-01

    The modelling of financial markets presents a problem which is both theoretically challenging and practically important. The theoretical aspects concern the issue of market efficiency which may even have political implications \\cite{Cuthbertson}, whilst the practical side of the problem has clear relevance to portfolio management \\cite{Elton} and derivative pricing \\cite{Hull}. Up till now all market models contain "smart money" traders and "noise" traders whose joint activity constitutes the market \\cite{DeLong,Bak}. On a short time scale this traditional separation does not seem to be realistic, and is hardly acceptable since all high-frequency market participants are professional traders and cannot be separated into "smart" and "noisy". In this paper we present a "microscopic" model with homogenuous quasi-rational behaviour of traders, aiming to describe short time market behaviour. To construct the model we use an analogy between "screening" in quantum electrodynamics and an equilibration process in a mar...

  19. Financial Liberalization, Private Investment and Portfolio Choice: Financialization of Real Sectors in Emerging Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Demir, Firat

    2008-01-01

    Using firm level panel data, we analyze the impacts of rates of return gap between financial and fixed investments under uncertainty on real investment performance in three emerging markets, Argentina, Mexico and Turkey. Employing a portfolio choice model to explain the low fixed investment rates in developing countries during the 1990s, we suggest that rather than investing in irreversible long term fixed investments, firms may choose to invest in reversible short term financial investments ...

  20. THE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS FOR RISK MANAGEMENT ON THE INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MARKETS

    OpenAIRE

    Alina Hagiu

    2008-01-01

    The international financial market is extremely volatile because of the influence of anumerous objective and subjective factors. Because of these, în their fight for maximizing the profit, the creditinstitutes confronts permanently with all sort of risks.It is important to know that the risk is generated by a numerous operations and procedures. From thesecause, at least în the financial field, the risk must be considered as a complex of risks, în the sense that they canhave common causes, and...

  1. DEEPENING SERVICES MARKET INTEGRATION - A CRITICAL ASSESSMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Pelkmans

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The greatest asset of the European Union is undoubtedly its internal market. However, the internal market is not completed: it suffers from a giant hole with respect to many services. The present contribution addresses the status of services in the internal market and, in particular, the horizontal liberalisation (or, the lack of it of services outside the two large sectors which greatly deepened market integration (6 modes of transport and 3 financial services markets. Because a horizontal perspective on services in the EU is still little understood, it is briefly summarized what services really are and how their regulatory logic in the internal market can help to classify them. The (strong economic case for deepening services market integration is built on recent empirical economic analysis as well as simulation. This is followed by a discussion, with flowchart, of the Bolkestein draft directive, against the backdrop of the frustrating lack of, or at best, selective progress on services for decades. A survey of economic impact studies of the draft directive is provided, too, underpinning its importance even when the infamous origin principle is taken out. Some light is subsequently shed on the tumultuous politicisation of the services debate. Emphasis is laid on the socio-economic context (which, it is submitted, sharpened the discussion at times into polarisation and a series of other factors such as the diversity of the national regulatory frameworks of services and the labour employed, the complexity of the draft directive, the potentially radical nature of the origin principle (especially for those not aware of the case law of the ECJ, the dominant role of the EP and the opportunism of leading national politicians. Finally, directive 2006/123 –meanwhile in force – is explained and briefly assessed. Apart from the conspicuous manifestation of 'Angst' in drafting the directive, the (de merits are set out. The conclusion is that a badly drafted directive with excessive emphasis on exclusions and derogations, and which lacks a driving principle, nevertheless comprises several functional obligations in general (e.g single window, administrative cooperation in dedicated networks, etc., significant advantages for free establishment (which imply equally significant economic gains and a firm discipline for (or prohibition of bad practices with respect to temporary provision of services.

  2. Traders' strategy with price feedbacks in financial market

    CERN Document Server

    Mizuno, T; Takayasu, M; Takayasu, H; Mizuno, Takayuki; Nakano, Tohur; Takayasu, Misako; Takayasu, Hideki

    2003-01-01

    We introduce an autoregressive-type model of prices in financial market taking into account the self-modulation effect. We find that traders are mainly using strategies with weighted feedbacks of past prices. These feedbacks are responsible for the slow diffusion in short times, apparent trends and power law distribution of price changes.

  3. Understanding the source of multifractality in financial markets.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Baruník, Jozef; Aste, T.; Di Matteo, T.; Liu, R.

    2012-01-01

    Ro?. 391, ?. 17 (2012), s. 4234-4251. ISSN 0378-4371 R&D Projects: GA ?R GA402/09/0965 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Keywords : Multifractality * Financial markets * Hurst exponent Subject RIV: AH - Economics Impact factor: 1.676, year: 2012 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378437112002890

  4. IBM announces global Grid computing solutions for banking, financial markets

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    "IBM has announced a series of Grid projects around the world as part of its Grid computing program. They include IBM new Grid-based product offerings with business intelligence software provider SAS and other partners that address the computer-intensive needs of the banking and financial markets industry (1 page)."

  5. Endogenous versus Exogenous Crashes in Financial Markets

    CERN Document Server

    Johansen, A

    2002-01-01

    We perform an extended analysis of the distribution of drawdowns in the two leading exchange markets (US dollar against the Deutsmark and against the Yen), in the major world stock markets, in the U.S. and Japanese bond market and in the gold market, by introducing the concept of ``coarse-grained drawdowns,'' which allows for a certain degree of fuzziness in the definition of cumulative losses and improves on the statistics of our previous results on the existence of ``outliers'' or ``kings.'' Then, for each identified outlier, we check whether log-periodic power law signatures (LPPS) are present and take the existence of LPPS as the qualifying signature for an endogenous crash: this is because a drawdown outlier is seen as the end of a speculative unsustainable accelerating bubble generated endogenously. In the absence of LPPS, we are able to identify what seems to have been the relevant historical event, i.e., a new piece of information of such magnitude and impact that it is seems reasonable to attribute t...

  6. MONETARY POLICY AND PARALLEL FINANCIAL MARKETS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adela IONESCU

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Monetary policy is one of the economic policy "tools" through which it acts on the currency demand and supply in the economy. The importance of monetary policy results from its primary objective - price stability, plus limiting inflation and maintaining internal and external value of the currency. Responsibility for achieving these objectives rests with the Central Bank, which has a monopoly in the formulation and the implementation of monetary policy targets. Price stability is the primary objective of monetary policy and also the central objective of economic policy, alongside with: sustainable economic growth, full employment of labor force, balance of external payments equilibrium. To achieve these overall objectives of economic policy, monetary policy acts through currency as an instrument of action and it represents the overall action exercised by the monetary authority to influence economic development and to ensure price stability. In economic processes numerous factors emerge to the sale or purchase of capital available for a shorter or longer period and to achieving their aspirations of maximize capital gains, they are negotiating, they are confronting and agreeing within specific market relationships. The entirety of relations between various economic issues, enterprises and individuals, between them and the banking intermediaries, as well as the relationship between banks and other credit institutions on the transfer of cash money as specific form of debt and fructification of capital, form capital markets or credit markets. These markets are carved up according to the nature and purposes of the participants.

  7. Correlation between Islamic stock and Commodity markets: An investigation into the impact of financial crisis and financialization of commodity markets

    OpenAIRE

    Khan, Aftab; Masih, Mansur

    2014-01-01

    The repercussions of the recent financial crisis were felt over different parts of the world causing much calamity to different markets, economies and investors. The capital markets, in particular, took a severe hit during the crisis plummeting to all-time lows. However, before the crisis, the significant rise in commodity prices since 2002 and their subsequent fall since July 2008 have revived the debate on the role of commodities in the strategic and tactical asset allocation process. There...

  8. Using an Artificial Financial Market for studying a Cryptocurrency Market

    OpenAIRE

    Cocco, Luisanna; Concas, Giulio; Marchesi, Michele

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents an agent-based artificial cryptocurrency market in which heterogeneous agents buy or sell cryptocurrencies, in particular Bitcoins. In this market, there are two typologies of agents, Random Traders and Chartists, which interact with each other by trading Bitcoins. Each agent is initially endowed with a finite amount of crypto and/or fiat cash and issues buy and sell orders, according to her strategy and resources. The number of Bitcoins increases over ti...

  9. 76 FR 38059 - Defining Larger Participants in Certain Consumer Financial Products and Services Markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    ...any Federal consumer financial law applicable to...the relevant product markets and geographic markets.'' \\11\\ The factors...involving consumer financial products or services...the extent to which institutions are subject to...

  10. Financial Networks in the Korean Stock Exchange Market

    CERN Document Server

    Yoon, S M; Yoon, Seong-Min; Kim, Kyungsik

    2005-01-01

    We investigate the financial network in the Korean stock exchange (KSE) market, using both numerical simulations and scaling arguments. We estimate the cross-correlation on the stock price exchanges of all companies listed on the the Korean stock exchange market, where all companies are fully connected via weighted links, by introducing a weighted random graph. The degree distribution and the edge density are discussed numerically from the market graph, and the statistical analysis for the degree distribution of vertices is particularly found to approximately follow the power law.

  11. The Sixth Kondratieff Cycle the Era of Financial Market Instruments: A Reflection on the Australia vs US Subprime Mortgage Market

    OpenAIRE

    Gregory Kenneth Laing

    2011-01-01

    This paper posits that the present global financial crisis is the sixth Kondratieff cycle and that the underlying cause of transactions-based financial capitalism points to this cycle as being the era of financial market instruments. The US subprime mortgage market having contributed to the present financial liquidity shock as a consequence of the derivative market instruments known as collateralised debt obligations (CDO) is responsible for this cycle. The comparison between the subprime mor...

  12. Global Economic Crisis. Case Study on the Romanian Financial Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prof. Ph. D. Stelian Stancu

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The first part of the present paper proposes to study the concept of global financial system and the issues that led to outline its approach frame, as well as what effects could have the actual economic crisis on the global financial system and which are the factors considered to be the causes that generated economic crises in the last few years.Moreover, in this paper we refer to the concept of financial instability, more precise we underline the fact that banks can represent the main financial instability stimulus.In the final part of this paper we analyze the Romanian capital market on the global economic crisis background being emphasized the fact that the effects of this crisis are felt also on our national economy.

  13. Micro and Macro Benefits of Random Investments in Financial Markets

    CERN Document Server

    Biondo, Alessio Emanuele; Rapisarda, Andrea

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, making use of recent statistical physics techniques and models, we address the specific role of randomness in financial markets, both at the micro and the macro level. In particular, we review some recent results obtained about the effectiveness of random strategies of investment, compared with some of the most used trading strategies for forecasting the behavior of real financial indexes. We also push forward our analysis by means of a Self-Organized Criticality model, able to simulate financial avalanches in trading communities with different network topologies, where a Pareto-like power law behavior of wealth spontaneously emerges. In this context, we present new findings and suggestions for policies based on the effects that random strategies can have in terms of reduction of dangerous financial extreme events, i.e. bubbles and crashes.

  14. On entropy, financial markets and minority games

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zapart, Christopher A.

    2009-04-01

    The paper builds upon an earlier statistical analysis of financial time series with Shannon information entropy, published in [L. Molgedey, W. Ebeling, Local order, entropy and predictability of financial time series, European Physical Journal B-Condensed Matter and Complex Systems 15/4 (2000) 733-737]. A novel generic procedure is proposed for making multistep-ahead predictions of time series by building a statistical model of entropy. The approach is first demonstrated on the chaotic Mackey-Glass time series and later applied to Japanese Yen/US dollar intraday currency data. The paper also reinterprets Minority Games [E. Moro, The minority game: An introductory guide, Advances in Condensed Matter and Statistical Physics (2004)] within the context of physical entropy, and uses models derived from minority game theory as a tool for measuring the entropy of a model in response to time series. This entropy conditional upon a model is subsequently used in place of information-theoretic entropy in the proposed multistep prediction algorithm.

  15. Benefits of an integrated European electricity market

    OpenAIRE

    Böckers, Veit; Haucap, Justus; Heimeshoff, Ulrich

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyses the benefits of further market integration of European wholesale electricity markets. Major gains from trade are sill left unrealized due to (1) uncomplete market coupling of national wholesale markets, (2) isolated national regulation of capacity and reserve mechanisms (CRM) and (3) a lack of harmonization of national support schemes for renewable energies.

  16. Sector strength and efficiency on developed and emerging financial markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiedor, Pawe?

    2014-11-01

    In this paper we analyse the importance of sectors and market efficiency on developed and emerging financial markets. To perform this we analyse New York Stock Exchange between 2004 and 2013 and Warsaw Stock Exchange between 2000 and 2013. To find out the importance of sectors we construct minimal spanning trees for annual time series consisting of daily log returns and calculate centrality measures for all stocks, which we then aggregate by sectors. Such analysis is of interest to analysts for whom the knowledge of the influence of particular groups of stocks to the market behaviour is crucial. We also analyse the predictability of price changes on those two markets formally, using the information-theoretic concept of entropy rate, to find out the differences in market efficiency between a developed and an emerging market, and between sectors themselves. We postulate that such analysis is important to the study of financial markets as it can contribute to the profitability of investments, particularly in the case of algorithmic trading.

  17. The People's Republic of China's financial markets: Are they deep and liquid enough for renminbi internationalization?

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz, Prince Christian; Gao, Yuning; Song, Lei Lei

    2014-01-01

    Domestic financial market development is a key determinant of a currency's international status, and financial depth and market liquidity are two essential attributes for an international currency. This paper discusses the status of the People's Republic of China's (PRC) financial markets and their depth and liquidity conditions. The paper also compares the PRC's financial markets with those in developed and emerging economies, contemporaneously and historically. The paper finds that the PRC'...

  18. Heterogeneous volatility cascade in financial markets

    CERN Document Server

    Zumbach, G; Zumbach, Gilles; Lynch, Paul

    2001-01-01

    Using high frequency data, we have studied empirically the change of volatility, also called volatility derivative, for various time horizons. In particular, the correlation between the volatility derivative and the volatility realized in the next time period is a measure of the response function of the market participants. This correlation shows explicitly the heterogeneous structure of the market according to the characteristic time horizons of the differents agents. It reveals a volatility cascade from long to short time horizons, with a structure different from the one observed in turbulence. Moreover, we have developed a new ARCH-type model which incorporates the different groups of agents, with their characteristic memory. This model reproduces well the empirical response function, and allows us to quantify the importance of each group.

  19. On the Market Risks Prevention of China’s Commercial Banks’Financial Product under the Financial Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mengchun Ding

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The year 2009 faces significant changes of economy. In front of the global financial crisis originated from Wall Street sub-prime mortgage crisis, China will be affected inevitably. The financial products market of the banking industry suffers from serious test. Starting from the concept, the classification, the risks, and the development of China’s commercial banks’ financial products, this paper analyzes the market risks of China’s commercial banks’ financial products under the financial crisis and advances specific countermeasures for China’s commercial banks dealing with crisis and defending market risks.

  20. Climatic change. Market scan international financial organizations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report provides an overview of the opportunities for Dutch trade and industry in climate programs of the World Bank, EBRD and the UN. The Market Scan shows that international organizations financed more than 4.4 billion dollars of climate projects in 2008. The current Dutch cabinet will allocate 500 million euros to renewable energy, part of which through international organizations. Businesses can compete for contracts in tenders.

  1. Regulation versus Competition on European Financial Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandra HOROBET; Ilie, Livia

    2007-01-01

    Competition is the mechanism that helps companies, institutions and markets to become more productive and efficient. one of the main obstacles to economic growth is represented by the policies that hinder competition. Excessive protection may create a handicap for the European economic system which will have not all the necessary instruments to face the increasing competition between companies, countries, economic regions.The paper aims at analyzing the relationship between regulation, compet...

  2. An adaptive stochastic model for financial markets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An adaptive stochastic model is introduced to simulate the behavior of real asset markets. The model adapts itself by changing its parameters automatically on the basis of the recent historical data. The basic idea underlying the model is that a random variable uniformly distributed within an interval with variable extremes can replicate the histograms of asset returns. These extremes are calculated according to the arrival of new market information. This adaptive model is applied to the daily returns of three well-known indices: Ibex35, Dow Jones and Nikkei, for three complete years. The model reproduces the histograms of the studied indices as well as their autocorrelation structures. It produces the same fat tails and the same power laws, with exactly the same exponents, as in the real indices. In addition, the model shows a great adaptation capability, anticipating the volatility evolution and showing the same volatility clusters observed in the assets. This approach provides a novel way to model asset markets with internal dynamics which changes quickly with time, making it impossible to define a fixed model to fit the empirical observations.

  3. Crossover Phenomena in Detrended Fluctuation Analysis Used in Financial Markets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A systematic analysis of Shanghai and Japan stock indices for the period of Jan. 1984 to Dec. 2005 is performed. After stationarity is verified by ADF (Augmented Dickey-Fuller) test, the power spectrum of the data exhibits a power law decay as a whole characterized by 1/f? processes with possible long range correlations. Subsequently, by using the method of detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) of the general volatility in the stock markets, we find that the long-range correlations are occurred among the return series and the crossover phenomena exhibit in the results obviously. Further, Shanghai stock market shows long-range correlations in short time scale and shows short-range correlations in long time scale. Whereas, for Japan stock market, the data behaves oppositely absolutely. Last, we compare the varying of scale exponent in large volatility between two stock markets. All results obtained may indicate the possibility of characteristic of multifractal scaling behavior of the financial markets.

  4. Time Varying Market Integration and Expected Rteurns in Emerging Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Jong, F.C.J.M. de; Roon, F.A. de

    2001-01-01

    We use a simple model in which the expected returns in emerging markets depend on their systematic risk as measured by their beta relative to the world portfolio as well as on the level of integration in that market.The level of integration is a time-varying variable that depends on the market value of the assets that can be held by domestic investors only versus the market value of the assets that can be traded freely.Our empirical analysis for 30 emerging markets shows that there are strong...

  5. Adaptive Markets Hypothesis: Evidencefrom Asia-Pacific Financial Markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Ulici

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we investigate the profitability of the moving average strategyon six Asian capital markets considering the episodic character of linear and/or nonlineardependencies, the period under study being 1997-2008. For each market, the most profitablestrategy from 15000 alternatives is selected. The main conclusion is that profitability ofmoving average strategies is not constant in time; it is episodic showing when sub-periods oflinear and non-linear correlation appear. Thus, one can thus say that the degree of marketefficiency varies through time in a cyclical fashion over time and these statistical features arein line with those postulated by Adaptive Markets Hypothesis (AMH of Lo (2004, 2005.

  6. Responsiveness of the MENA Economic Growth to the EU Financial Integration: A Problem Evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Komail Tayebi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Implementing a currency union may lead members to face financial crisis if their financial markets are not ready to adopt themselves to a new situation. There are still problems like ownership concentration and self-governing states cause limitation in economic growth, financial development, and the ability of a country to take advantage of financial integration. The evidence is that the proportion of global financial flows dedicated to the low- and middle-income developing economies, decreased after the Asian crisis of 1997-98 (Das, 2006. These problems explain why the impact of financial integration has been limited and why it can lead to capital flight and financial crises. In this study, we develop an analytical framework of economic growth and assessing special and differential treatment of currency union (a subject of financial integration members (like the EU and apply this framework to MENA countries. We propose specifically that one can evaluate the "average" impact of the currency union membership on growth of the countries. It reveals the fact that the routine program evaluation can be for all the EU and MENA members. We will call this treated or untreated, respectively. Next, we predict such outcomes for a group of countries based on matching of their characteristics. Hence we use the matching method to make a relationship between a response variable (economic growth and a treatment variable (financial integration experimentally in the economies of the EU and MENA.

  7. Financial Markets, Banking and the Design of Monetary Policy: A Stable Baseline Scenario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian Hartmann

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A baseline integration of commercial banks into the disequilibrium framework with behavioral traders of Charpe et al. (2011, 2012 is presented. At the core of the analysis is the impact the banking sector exerts on the interaction of real and financial markets. Potentially destabilizing feedback channels in the presence of imperfect macroeconomic portfolio adjustment and heterogeneous expectations are investigated. Given the possible financial market instability, various policy instruments have to be applied in order to guarantee viable dynamics in the highly interconnected macroeconomy. Among those are open market operations reacting to the state-of-confidence in the economy and Tobin-type capital gain taxes. The need for policy intervention is even more striking, as the banking sector is modeled in a rather stability enhancing way, fulfilling its fundamental tasks of term transformation of savings and credit granting without engaging in investment activities itself.

  8. The role of the Financial Supervision Authority and the situation of the client on the financial services market with special emphasis on the banking services market

    OpenAIRE

    Edyta Rutkowska-Tomaszewska

    2012-01-01

    A well-functioning financial services market should be stable and transparent, as well as ensure security and protect the interests of its participants. These goals and tasks are defined in a number of legal acts, and an important role in their realization has been entrusted to the Polish Financial Supervision Authority as the oversight body for the financial services market. The Polish Financial Supervision Authority (hereinafter referred to as the FSA) has been equipped with tools allowing ...

  9. Business Process Management Integration Solution in Financial Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available It is vital for financial services companies to ensure the rapid implementation of new processes to meet speed-to-market, service quality and compliance requirements. This has to be done against a background of increased complexity. An integrated approach to business processes allows products, processes, systems, data and the applications that underpin them to evolve quickly. Whether it’s providing a loan, setting up an insurance policy, or executing an investment instruction, optimizing the sale-to-fulfillment process will always win new business, cement customer loyalty, and reduce costs. Lack of integration across lending, payments and trading, on the other hand, simply presents competitors who are more efficient with a huge profit opportunity.

  10. Integrated Marketing Communication plan for GSK Nordic

    OpenAIRE

    Savelius, Sanna

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis was to create an integrated marketing communication plan for GSK Nordic. This included creating a marketing gift that will be sent to Swedish service firms and suggestions on how IMC could be implemented also in the future. The focus was on creating a marketing gift which would help GSK Nordic achieve their goal of finding co-operation partner from Sweden. Theoretical part of this thesis focused on the concept of integrated marketing com-munication and communica...

  11. Asymptotic arbitrage and num\\'eraire portfolios in large financial markets

    CERN Document Server

    Rokhlin, D B

    2007-01-01

    This paper deals with the notion of a large financial market and the concepts of asymptotic arbitrage and strong asymptotic arbitrage (both of the first kind), introduced by Yu.M. Kabanov and D.O. Kramkov. We show that the arbitrage properties of a large market are completely determined by the asymptotic behavior of the sequence of the num\\'eraire portfolios, related to the small markets. The obtained criteria can be expressed in terms of contiguity, entire separation and Hellinger integrals, provided these notions are extended to sub-probability measures. As examples we consider market models on finite probability spaces, semimartingale and diffusion models. Also a discrete-time infinite horizon market model with one log-normal stock is examined.

  12. Flights and CAViaR - Financial market stability and the stock-bond return relation

    OpenAIRE

    Viitanen, Tero

    2011-01-01

    PURPOSE OF THE STUDY This paper investigates the intranational dynamic relationship between daily stock and government bond returns of selected countries between January 1, 1999 and December 31, 2010 to assess financial market stability in different countries and market conditions. The underlying hypothesis of this paper is that the financial markets of the world’s most advanced economies exhibit financial market stability even under extreme market conditions and potentially systemic even...

  13. Integrating Energy Markets: Does Sequencing Matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Neuhoff, Karsten; Newbery, David

    2004-01-01

    This paper addresses three questions that are relevant to integrating different regional transmission areas. Market integrating normally increases the number of competitors and should therefore reduce prices but the first section shows that prices could rise when the number of generators initially increases. Regulatory effort will also be affected by market integration. If the number of generators in either market is low, then our analysis suggests that the outcome depends on whether the regu...

  14. Financial Friction and Multiplicative Markov Market Game

    CERN Document Server

    Aurell, E; Aurell, Erik; Muratore-Ginanneschi, Paolo

    1999-01-01

    We study long-term growth-optimal strategies on a simple market with linear proportional transaction costs. We show that several problems of this sort can be solved in closed form, and explicit the non-analytic dependance of optimal strategies and expected frictional losses of the friction parameter. We present one derivation in terms of invariant measures of drift-diffusion processes (Fokker- Planck approach), and one derivation using the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation of optimal control theory. We also show that a significant part of the results can be derived without computation by a kind of dimensional analysis. We comment on the extension of the method to other sources of uncertainty, and discuss what conclusions can be drawn about the growth-optimal criterion as such.

  15. Sovereign Credit Risk and Stock Markets–Does the Markets’ Dependency Increase with Financial Distress?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Pereira da Silva

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the relationship between stock markets and credit default swaps (CDS markets. In particular, I aim to gauge if the co-movement between stock prices and sovereign CDS spreads increases with the deterioration of the credit quality of sovereign debt. The analysis of correlations, Granger causality, cointegration, and the results of an error-correction model represented in a state space form show a close link between these markets, but do not evidence that the co-movement increases in periods of financial distress. I also analyze the transmission of volatility between the two markets. The results do not support the hypothesis that volatility propagation surges during financial distress periods. On the contrary, for some cases, the data suggests that the lead-lag relationships between the two markets volatility are stronger during stable periods.

  16. Modelling Financial Markets by Self-Organized Criticality

    CERN Document Server

    Biondo, A E; Rapisarda, A

    2015-01-01

    We present a financial market model, characterized by self-organized criticality, that is able to generate endogenously a realistic price dynamics and to reproduce well-known stylized facts. We consider a community of heterogeneous traders, composed by chartists and fundamentalists, and focus on the role of informative pressure on market participants, showing how the spreading of information, based on a realistic imitative behavior, drives contagion and causes market fragility. In this model imitation is not intended as a change in the agent's group of origin, but is referred only to the price formation process. We introduce in the community also a variable number of random traders in order to study their possible beneficial role in stabilizing the market, as found in other studies. Finally we also suggest some counterintuitive policy strategies able to dampen fluctuations by means of a partial reduction of information.

  17. Modeling financial markets by self-organized criticality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biondo, Alessio Emanuele; Pluchino, Alessandro; Rapisarda, Andrea

    2015-10-01

    We present a financial market model, characterized by self-organized criticality, that is able to generate endogenously a realistic price dynamics and to reproduce well-known stylized facts. We consider a community of heterogeneous traders, composed by chartists and fundamentalists, and focus on the role of informative pressure on market participants, showing how the spreading of information, based on a realistic imitative behavior, drives contagion and causes market fragility. In this model imitation is not intended as a change in the agent's group of origin, but is referred only to the price formation process. We introduce in the community also a variable number of random traders in order to study their possible beneficial role in stabilizing the market, as found in other studies. Finally, we also suggest some counterintuitive policy strategies able to dampen fluctuations by means of a partial reduction of information.

  18. Self-fulfilling Ising Model of Financial Markets

    CERN Document Server

    Zhou, W X; Zhou, Wei-Xing; Sornette, Didier

    2005-01-01

    We study a dynamical Ising model of agents' opinions (buy or sell) with coupling coefficients reassessed continuously in time according to how past external news (magnetic field) have explained realized market returns. By combining herding, the impact of external news and private information, we test within the same model the hypothesis that agents are rational versus irrational. We find that the stylized facts of financial markets are reproduced only when agents are over-confident and mis-attribute the success of news to predict return to herding effects, thereby providing positive feedbacks leading to the model functioning close to the critical point.

  19. A New Approach to Spreadsheet Analytics Management in Financial Markets

    CERN Document Server

    Sentence, Brian

    2008-01-01

    Spreadsheets in financial markets are frequently used as database, calculator and reporting application combined. This paper describes an alternative approach in which spreadsheet design and database technology have been brought together in order to alleviate management and regulatory concerns over the operational risks of spreadsheet usage. In particular, the paper focuses on the rapid creation and centralised deployment of statistical analytics within a software system now in use by major investment banks, and presents a novel technique for the manipulation in spreadsheets of high volumes of intraday market data.

  20. Using trading strategies to detect phase transitions in financial markets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forró, Z; Woodard, R; Sornette, D

    2015-04-01

    We show that the log-periodic power law singularity model (LPPLS), a mathematical embodiment of positive feedbacks between agents and of their hierarchical dynamical organization, has a significant predictive power in financial markets. We find that LPPLS-based strategies significantly outperform the randomized ones and that they are robust with respect to a large selection of assets and time periods. The dynamics of prices thus markedly deviate from randomness in certain pockets of predictability that can be associated with bubble market regimes. Our hybrid approach, marrying finance with the trading strategies, and critical phenomena with LPPLS, demonstrates that targeting information related to phase transitions enables the forecast of financial bubbles and crashes punctuating the dynamics of prices. PMID:25974543

  1. Using trading strategies to detect phase transitions in financial markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forró, Z.; Woodard, R.; Sornette, D.

    2015-04-01

    We show that the log-periodic power law singularity model (LPPLS), a mathematical embodiment of positive feedbacks between agents and of their hierarchical dynamical organization, has a significant predictive power in financial markets. We find that LPPLS-based strategies significantly outperform the randomized ones and that they are robust with respect to a large selection of assets and time periods. The dynamics of prices thus markedly deviate from randomness in certain pockets of predictability that can be associated with bubble market regimes. Our hybrid approach, marrying finance with the trading strategies, and critical phenomena with LPPLS, demonstrates that targeting information related to phase transitions enables the forecast of financial bubbles and crashes punctuating the dynamics of prices.

  2. Financial market pressure, tacit collusion and oil price formation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We explore a hypothesis that a change in investment behaviour among international oil companies (IOC) towards the end of the 1990s had long-lived effects on OPEC strategies, and on oil price formation. Coordinated investment constraints were imposed on the IOCs through financial market pressures for improved short-term profitability in the wake of the Asian economic crisis. A partial equilibrium model for the global oil market is applied to compare the effects of these tacitly collusive capital constraints on oil supply with an alternative characterised by industrial stability. Our results suggest that even temporary economic and financial shocks may have a long-term impact on oil price formation. (author)

  3. Imperfect Financial Markets and the Cyclicality of Social Spending

    OpenAIRE

    Froemel, Maren

    2014-01-01

    I develop a novel link between frictions in international financial markets and fiscal procyclicality.Complementing existing evidence, A decomposition of government expenditure into social spending and public good spending reveals that the cyclical correlation of social spending exhibits the biggest differences across countries. I build a small open economy model with income inequality, endogenous fiscal policy and sovereign default risk to rationalize this spending procyclicality. Government...

  4. IMF surveillance and financial markets: A political economy analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Fratzscher, Marcel; Reynaud, Julien

    2010-01-01

    The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is in the process of re-inventing itself with bilateral and multilateral surveillance emerging as a key function. The paper analyses how IMF surveillance announcements may be influenced by political power that member countries exert at the IMF. First, we analyze the content of Article IV Public Information Notices (PIN), and second, we use the financial market reaction to the release PINs as tools to identify the role of political economy factors for IMF ...

  5. Revenue diversification in emerging market banks: implications for financial performance

    OpenAIRE

    Ben Gamra, Saoussen; Plihon, Dominique

    2011-01-01

    Shaped by structural forces of change, banking in emerging markets has recently experienced a decline in its traditional activities, leading banks to diversify into new business strategies. This paper examines whether the observed shift into non-interest based activities improves financial performance. Using a sample of 714 banks across 14 East-Asian and Latin-American countries over the post 1997-crisis changing structure, we find that diversification gains are more than of...

  6. Measuring Money Growth When Financial Markets are Changing

    OpenAIRE

    Stock, James; Feldstein, Martin

    1996-01-01

    This article considers constructing monetary aggregates in the presence of financial market innovations and changes in the relationship between individual assets and output. We propose two procedures for constructing a monetary aggregate with the objective of providing a reliable monetary leading indicator of nominal GDP. In the first, subaggregates discretely switch in and out; in the second, the aggregate's growth is a time-varying weighted average of the growth of the subaggregates, where ...

  7. The value of social networks in financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    RANCAN, Michela

    2013-01-01

    Social contacts influence decisions and economic outputs in a variety of contexts. Does social network matter also in financial markets? In this paper I investigate the effect of social networks on mutual funds performance by exploiting data on the education of U.S. fund managers. The results show that performance is better for fund managers with many social connections. Furthermore, positional advantages in the social network generate superior performance. This evidence suggests that social...

  8. Asymptotic Arbitrage in Large Financial Markets With Friction

    OpenAIRE

    Lépinette, Emmanuel; Ostafe, Lavinia

    2011-01-01

    In the modern version of Arbitrage Pricing Theory suggested by Kabanov and Kramkov the fundamental financially meaningful concept is an asymptotic arbitrage. The "real world" large market is represented by a sequence of "models" and, though each of them is arbitrage free, investors may obtain non-risky profits in the limit. Mathematically, absence of the asymptotic arbitrage is expressed as contiguity of envelopes of the sets of equivalent martingale measures and objective probabilities. The ...

  9. Application of stochastic optimal control to financial market debt crises

    OpenAIRE

    STEIN, Jerome L.

    2009-01-01

    This interdisciplinary paper explains how mathematical techniques of stochastic optimal control can be applied to the recent subprime mortgage crisis. Why did the financial markets fail to anticipate the recent debt crisis, despite the large literature in mathematical finance concerning optimal portfolio allocation and stopping rules? The uncertainty concerns the capital gain, the return on capital and the interest rate. An optimal debt ratio is derived where the drift is probabilistic but su...

  10. Endogenous financial literacy, saving and stock market participation

    OpenAIRE

    Spataro, Luca; CORSINI, LORENZO

    2013-01-01

    There is a consolidated empirical literature providing evidence of the fact that financial literacy, human capital, savings and stock market participation are interconnected decisions. However, to the best of our knowledge, a theoretical explanation of such connections is missing. In this paper we aim at filling this gap, by building a framework that includes all these decisions in an encompassing model. The results of our model provide a theoretical foundation for the role and the determinan...

  11. Approaches to 'markets': the development of Shanghai as an international financial centre

    OpenAIRE

    Lai, Karen P.Y.

    2007-01-01

    This thesis opens up the black box of ‘markets’ by scrutinising the process of market formation and examining its complexities in the context of Shanghai’s development as an international financial centre. The financial markets in Shanghai are framed, understood and acted upon differently by the Chinese local and central governments, regulatory institutions, local and foreign financial institutions and transnational interests. The construction of a financial centre in Shanghai is thus not onl...

  12. Coupled effects of market impact and asymmetric sensitivity in financial markets

    CERN Document Server

    Zhong, Li-Xin; Ren, Fei; Shi, Yong-Dong

    2012-01-01

    By incorporating market impact and asymmetric sensitivity into the evolutionary minority game, we study the coevolutionary dynamics of stock prices and investment strategies in financial markets. Both the stock price movement and the investors' global behavior are found to be closely related to the phase region they fall into. Within the region where the market impact is small, investors' asymmetric response to gains and losses leads to the occurrence of herd behavior, when all the investors are prone to behave similarly in an extreme way and large price fluctuations occur. A linear relation between the standard deviation of stock price changes and the mean value of strategies is found. With full market impact, the investors tend to self-segregate into opposing groups and the introduction of asymmetric sensitivity leads to the disappearance of dominant strategies. Compared with the situations in the stock market with little market impact, the stock price fluctuations are suppressed and an efficient market occ...

  13. From Fragmentation towards Innovation, the Application of Institutionalism towards Financial Market Theories

    OpenAIRE

    von Bernstorff, Alexandra

    2004-01-01

    Financial markets in less developed countries suffer from financial dualism, a situation in which a large informal sector coexists alongside a formal one. Contemporary financial market theories are not able to incorporate an understanding of the informal sector and are, therefore, only applicable to the formal system which is unsatisfying. With over 80 percent of the worlds population relying on informal financial arrangement (World Bank 2001), financial informality is not just a small except...

  14. Co-integration and Causality Analysis on Developed Asian Markets For Risk Management & Portfolio Selection

    OpenAIRE

    Herwany, Aldrin; Febrian, Erie

    2008-01-01

    Both practitioners and academicians demand a linkage model across financial markets, particularly among regional capital markets, for both risk management and portfolio selection purposes. Researchers frequently use co-integration and causality analysis in investigating the dependence or co-movement of three or more stock markets in different countries. However, they conducted the causality in mean tests but not the causality in variance tests. This study assesses the co-integration and ...

  15. Agent-Based Simulation of Financial Markets: A Modular, Continuous-time Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Boer-Sorban, K.

    2008-01-01

    The dynamics of financial markets is subject of much debate among researchers and financial experts trying to understand and explain how financial markets work and traders behave. Diversified explanations result from the complexity of markets, and the hardly observable aspects of price formation mechanisms and of participants' motivation behind trading decisions. In an attempt to provide a better understanding of market dynamics, studies in the realm of agent-based computational economics rep...

  16. Searching for New Regulatory Frameworks for the Intermediate Financial Market Structure in Post-Crisis Asia

    OpenAIRE

    Shirai, Sayuri

    2001-01-01

    In Asia, commercial banks are already playing an important role in the corporate bond market as issuers, underwriters, investors, and guarantors. This reflects banks’ dominance of their financial markets, their high reputation, and the informational advantages they enjoy. Thus, banks should be encouraged to foster corporate bond market development and pursue a complementary role. Such a financial landscape can be characterized as an “intermediate financial market structure,” which lies somewh...

  17. Integrating gas and electric markets and regulation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The issues determining what energy companies must do to compete in an increasingly competitive energy market and what regulators must do to ensure fairness in competition were discussed. The similarities of gas and electric markets, and the factors driving their integration were highlighted. The importance of communications and customer service in the energy market and the nature of market power in the gas and electric industries was described. Three reasons were given why gas/electric mergers will be beneficial: (1) operating efficiency, (2) applying gas experience to electric markets, and (3) opportunity to exercise market power. Potential regulatory problems were also reviewed

  18. Self-referential behaviour, overreaction and conventions in financial markets

    CERN Document Server

    Wyart, M; Wyart, Matthieu; Bouchaud, Jean-Philippe

    2003-01-01

    We study a generic model for self-referential behaviour in financial markets, where agents attempt to use some (possibly fictitious) causal correlations between a certain quantitative information and the price itself. This correlation is estimated using the past history itself, and is used by a fraction of agents to devise active trading strategies. The impact of these strategies on the price modify the observed correlations. A potentially unstable feedback loop appears and destabilizes the market from an efficient behaviour. For large enough feedbacks, we find a `phase transition' beyond which non trivial correlations spontaneously set in and where the market switches between two long lived states, that we call conventions. This mechanism leads to overreaction and excess volatility, which may be considerable in the convention phase. A particularly relevant case is when the source of information is the price itself. The two conventions then correspond then to either a trend following regime or to a contrarian...

  19. Testing for detailed balance in a financial market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiebig, H. R.; Musgrove, D. P.

    2015-06-01

    We test a historical price-time series in a financial market (the NASDAQ 100 index) for a statistical property known as detailed balance. The presence of detailed balance would imply that the market can be modeled by a stochastic process based on a Markov chain, thus leading to equilibrium. In economic terms, a positive outcome of the test would support the efficient market hypothesis, a cornerstone of neo-classical economic theory. In contrast to the usage in prevalent economic theory the term equilibrium here is tied to the returns, rather than the price-time series. The test is based on an action functional S constructed from the elements of the detailed balance condition and the historical data set, and then analyzing S by means of simulated annealing. Checks are performed to verify the validity of the analysis method. We discuss the outcome of this analysis.

  20. On the Modular Dynamics of Financial Market Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Silva, Filipi N; Peron, Thomas K DM; Rodrigues, Francisco A; Ye, Cheng; Wilson, Richard C; Costa, Edwin Hancockm Luciano da F

    2015-01-01

    The financial market is a complex dynamical system composed of a large variety of intricate relationships between several entities, such as banks, corporations and institutions. At the heart of the system lies the stock exchange mechanism, which establishes a time-evolving network of transactions among companies and individuals. Such network can be inferred through correlations between time series of companies stock prices, allowing the overall system to be characterized by techniques borrowed from network science. Here we study the presence of communities in the inferred stock market network, and show that the knowledge about the communities alone can provide a nearly complete representation of the system topology. This is done by defining a simple random model sharing only the sizes and interconnectivity between communities observed in the time-evolving stock market network. We show that many topological characteristics of the inferred networks are preserved in the modeled networks. In particular, we find t...

  1. Financial News and Market Panics in the Age of Highfrequency Sentiment Trading Algorithms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kleinnijenhuis, Jan; Schultz, Friederike

    2013-01-01

    Whether financial news may contribute to market panics is not an innocent question. A positive answer is easily used as a legitimation to limit the freedom of financial journalists. Long-term effects of news are moreover inconsistent with the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH), which maintains that new information gives immediately rise to a new equilibrium. The EMH is under discussion, however, as a result of the transformation of financial markets and of financial journalism due to new economic thoughts, new communication theories, high-frequency trading and high-frequency sentiment analysis. As a case study of a market panic we show the impact of US news, UK news and Dutch news on three Dutch banks during the financial crisis of 2007–9. To avoid market panics, financial journalists may strive for greater transparency, not only on asset prices and corporate philosophies, but also on network dependencies in the worldwide financial markets.

  2. Banks, Development Financial Institutions and Credit Markets in India: A Simple Model of Financial Intermediation

    OpenAIRE

    Ghosh, Saibal

    2003-01-01

    The paper examines the interaction between a bank and a development financial institution (DFIs) in a macroeconomic set-up, both of whom can lend for working capital and investment finance purposes. Our analysis reveals that the reduction in the interest rate premium on bonds over the deposit rate is an important pre-requisite for the DFI to raise its market share in both investment finance and working capital lending. Also, greater corporate access to bond financing raises investment, output...

  3. The Marketing-Finance Interface Towards Financial Services: with Special Reference to New Services Provided by Futures Exchanges

    OpenAIRE

    Pennings, J.M.E.; Wetzels, M.G.M; Meulenberg, M.T.G.

    1999-01-01

    The financial services industry is one of the fastest growing service industries. The financial services industry includes financial derivatives markets such as options and futures markets. In order to ensure survival, firms providing financial services show a rapid product innovation. However, for financial services the risk of failure is considerable. Argues that a synthesis between the financial approach and the marketing approach towards financial services provides a conceptual framework ...

  4. 75 FR 79982 - Authority To Designate Financial Market Utilities as Systemically Important

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-21

    ... wars and the 2008 financial crisis--to lower risk to the American public. By standing between two...; ] FINANCIAL STABILITY OVERSIGHT COUNCIL 12 CFR Chapter XIII Authority To Designate Financial Market Utilities as Systemically Important AGENCY: Financial Stability Oversight Council. ACTION: Advance notice...

  5. Impact of Financial News Headline and Content to Market Sentiment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tan Li

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Business and financial news are important resources that investors referred to when monitoring the stock performance. News brings us the latest information about the stock market. Studies have shown that business and financial news have a strong correlation with future stock performance. Business and financial news can be used to extract sentiments and opinions that may assist in the stock price predictions. In this paper, we present a sentiment analyser for financial news articles using lexicon-based approach. We utilized two most important elements of news, the headline and the content as our test data. We use polarity lexicon to distinguish between positive and negative polarity of each term in the corpus. We further investigate on how news headline will affect the sentiment analysis by adjusting the weights of the news headline and news content’s sentiment value. Three sets of experiments were carried out using headline only, content only and headline and content as test data. In the experiment, we used non-stemming tokens and stemming tokens when considering individual word found in the news article. The preliminary results are presented and discussed in this paper.

  6. Dynamics of cluster structures in a financial market network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kocheturov, Anton; Batsyn, Mikhail; Pardalos, Panos M.

    2014-11-01

    In the course of recent fifteen years the network analysis has become a powerful tool for studying financial markets. In this work we analyze stock markets of the USA and Sweden. We study cluster structures of a market network constructed from a correlation matrix of returns of the stocks traded in each of these markets. Such cluster structures are obtained by means of the P-Median Problem (PMP) whose objective is to maximize the total correlation between a set of stocks called medians of size p and other stocks. Every cluster structure is an undirected disconnected weighted graph in which every connected component (cluster) is a star, or a tree with one central node (called a median) and several leaf nodes connected with the median by weighted edges. Our main observation is that in non-crisis periods of time cluster structures change more chaotically, while during crises they show more stable behavior and fewer changes. Thus an increasing stability of a market graph cluster structure obtained via the PMP could be used as an indicator of a coming crisis.

  7. On the inherent instability of international financial markets: Natural nonlinear interactions between stock and foreign exchange markets

    OpenAIRE

    Dieci, Roberto; Westerhoff, Frank

    2011-01-01

    We develop a novel financial market model in which the stock markets of two countries are linked via and with the foreign exchange market. To be precise, there are domestic and foreign speculators in each of the two stock markets which rely either on linear technical or linear fundamental trading strategies to determine their orders. Since foreign stock market speculators require foreign currency to conduct their trades, all three markets are connected. Our setup entails a natural nonlinearit...

  8. Optimal Robust Mean-Variance Hedging in Incomplete Financial Markets

    CERN Document Server

    Lazrieva, N

    2008-01-01

    Optimal B-robust estimate is constructed for multidimensional parameter in drift coefficient of diffusion type process with small noise. Optimal mean-variance robust (optimal V -robust) trading strategy is find to hedge in mean-variance sense the contingent claim in incomplete financial market with arbitrary information structure and misspecified volatility of asset price, which is modelled by multidimensional continuous semimartingale. Obtained results are applied to stochastic volatility model, where the model of latent volatility process contains unknown multidimensional parameter in drift coefficient and small parameter in diffusion term.

  9. A new financial metric for the art market

    OpenAIRE

    Charlin, Ventura; Cifuentes, Arturo

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces a new financial metric for the art market. The metric, which we call Artistic Power Value (APV), is based on the price per unit of area (dollars per square centimeter) and is applicable to two-dimensional art objects such as paintings. In addition to its intuitive appeal and ease of computation, this metric has several advantages from the investor’s viewpoint. For example, it makes it easy to: (i) estimate price ranges for different artists; (ii) perform comparisons a...

  10. Financial overview of integrated community energy systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Croke, K. G.; Hurter, A. P.; Lerner, E.; Breen, W.; Baum, J.

    1977-01-01

    This report is designed to analyze the commercialization potential of various concepts of community-scale energy systems that have been termed Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). A case analysis of alternative ICES concepts applied to a major metropolitan development complex is documented. The intent of this study is twofold: (1) to develop a framework for comparing ICES technologies to conventional energy supply systems and (2) to identify potential problems in the commercialization of new systems approaches to energy conservation. In brief, the ICES Program of the ERDA Office of Energy Conservation is intended to identify the opportunities for energy conservation in the community context through analysis, development, and/or demonstration of: location and design of buildings, building complexes, and infrastructure links; engineering and systems design of existing, emerging, and advanced energy production and delivery technologies and systems; regulatory designs for public planning, administration, and regulation of energy-conserving community development and energy services; and financial planning for energy-conserving community development and energy supply systems.

  11. Problems of periodisation of transformation of financial behaviour of households in the market of financial services of Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kovtun Oksana A.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this article is justification of transformation of financial behaviour of households within the proposed periodisation of formation and development of the economic system and financial markets of Ukraine. The article conducts analysis of existing periodisations of the national financial market, reveals their advantages and disadvantages and offers own periodisation of establishment and development of the market of financial services. In the process of the study the article proves that changes that take place in the economy directly influence mentality and financial behaviour of households. Deliberate, active or inertial behaviour of households, in its turn, forms both increase and reduction of market demand on several financial services. Prospective directions of further studies are development of indicators of financial behaviour of households under modern conditions and construction of models that would allow formation of behavioural clusters. To do this it is necessary to analyse foreign experience of management of financial potential of households with the aim to detect existing mechanisms of activation of their financial activity and to develop new effective ones.

  12. Characterization of large price variations in financial markets

    CERN Document Server

    Johansen, A

    2002-01-01

    Statistics of drawdowns (loss from the last local maximum to the next local minimum) plays an important role in risk assessment of investment strategies. As they incorporate higher ($>$ two) order correlations, they offer a better measure of real market risks than the variance or other cumulants of daily (or some other fixed time scale) of returns. Previous results have shown that the vast majority of drawdowns occurring on the major financial markets have a distribution which is well-represented by a stretched exponential, while the largest drawdowns are occurring with a significantly larger rate than predicted by the bulk of the distribution and should thus be characterized as outliers. In the present analysis, the definition of drawdowns is generalised to coarse-grained drawdowns or so-called epsilon-drawdowns and a link between such epsilon-outliers and preceding log-periodic power law bubbles previously identified is established.

  13. Variety of Behavior of Equity Returns in Financial Markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonanno, Giovanni; Lillo, Fabrizio; Mantegna, Rosario N.

    2001-03-01

    The price dynamics of a set of equities traded in an efficient market is pretty complex. It consists of almost not redundant time series which have (i) long-range correlated volatility and (ii) cross-correlation between each pair of equities. We perform a study of the statistical properties of an ensemble of equities returns which is fruitful to elucidate the nature and role of time and ensemble correlation. Specifically, we investigate a statistical ensemble of daily returns of n equities traded in United States financial markets. For each trading day of our database, we study the ensemble return distribution. We find that a typical ensemble return distribution exists in most of the trading days [1] with the exception of crash and rally days and of the days following to these extreme events [2]. We analyze each ensemble return distribution by extracting its first two central moments. We call the second moment of the ensemble return distribution the variety of the market. We choose this term because high variety implies a variated behavior of the equities returns in the considered day. We observe that the mean return and the variety are fluctuating in time and are stochastic processes themselves. The variety is a long-range correlated stochastic process. Customary time-averaged statistical properties of time series of stock returns are also considered. In general, time-averaged and portfolio-averaged returns have different statistical properties [1]. We infer from these differences information about the relative strength of correlation between equities and between different trading days. We also compare our empirical results with those predicted by the single-index model and we conclude that this simple model is unable to explain the statistical properties of the second moment of the ensemble return distribution. Correlation between pairs of equities are continuously present in the dynamics of a stock portfolio. Hence, it is relevant to investigate pair correlation in a efficient and original way. We propose to investigate these correlations at a daily and intra daily time horizon with a method based on concepts of random frustrated systems. Specifically, a hierarchical organization of the investigated equities is obtained by determining a metric distance between stocks and by investigating the properties of the subdominant ultrametric associated with it [3]. The high-frequency cross-correlation existing between pairs of equities are investigated in a set of 100 stocks traded in US equity markets. The decrease of the cross-correlation between the equity returns observed for diminishing time horizons progressively changes the nature of the hierarchical structure associated to each different time horizon [4]. The nature of the correlation present between pairs of time series of equity returns collected in a portfolio has a strong influence on the variety of the market. We finally discuss the relation between pair correlation and variety of an ensemble return distribution. References [1] Fabrizio Lillo and Rosario N. Mantegna, Variety and volatility in financial markets, Phys. Rev. E 62, 6126-6134 (2000). [2] Fabrizio Lillo and Rosario N. Mantegna, Symmetry alteration of ensemble return distribution in crash and rally days of financial market, Eur. Phys. J. B 15, 603-606 (2000). [3] Rosario N. Mantegna, Hierarchical structure in financial markets, Eur. Phys. J. B 11, 193-197 (1999). [4] Giovanni Bonanno, Fabrizio Lillo, and Rosario N. Mantegna, High-frequency cross-correlation in a set of stocks, Quantitative Finance (in press).

  14. How does the financial crisis affect volatility behavior and transmission among European stock markets?

    OpenAIRE

    Faten Ben Slimane; Mohamed Mehanaoui; Irfan Akbar Kazi

    2013-01-01

    The spread of the global financial crisis of 2008/2009 was rapid, and impacted the functioning and the performance of financial markets. Due to the importance of this phenomenon, this study aims to explain the impact of the crisis on stock market behavior and interdependence through the study of the intraday volatility transmission. This paper investigates the patterns of linkage dynamics among three European stock markets—France, Germany, and the UK—during the global financial crisis, by ana...

  15. FDI and Local Financial Market Development:A Granger Causality Test Using Panel Data

    OpenAIRE

    Abdel Aal Mahmoud, Ashraf

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports the findings of Granger causality tests on the relationship between foreign direct investment (henceforth, FDI) and local financial market development across 62 countries from 1996 to 2007. In this paper we explore whether local financial market development is important in catalyzing the flow of foreign direct investment. findings results are robust to different measures of financial market development. Furthermore, the results indicate that most of the causal links are f...

  16. The connexionnist nature of modern financial markets. Challenges and possible outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    Huault, Isabelle; Rainelli-Le Montagner, Hélène

    2010-01-01

    The recent financial crisis has triggered radical criticism against financial markets. In this paper, we propose to analyse this criticism in the perspective drawn by Boltanski and Thevenot (1991/2006) around the notion of justification. We see the main debate as opposing the critics and the defenders of what can be identified as a Market order (Boltanski and Thevenot, 1991/2006). While the former regret the consequences of deregulation in financial markets, the latter insist on the preservat...

  17. Coupled effects of market impact and asymmetric sensitivity in financial markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhong, Li-Xin; Xu, Wen-Juan; Ren, Fei; Shi, Yong-Dong

    2013-05-01

    By incorporating market impact and asymmetric sensitivity into the evolutionary minority game, we study the coevolutionary dynamics of stock prices and investment strategies in financial markets. Both the stock price movement and the investors’ global behavior are found to be closely related to the phase region they fall into. Within the region where the market impact is small, investors’ asymmetric response to gains and losses leads to the occurrence of herd behavior, when all the investors are prone to behave similarly in an extreme way and large price fluctuations occur. A linear relation between the standard deviation of stock price changes and the mean value of strategies is found. With full market impact, the investors tend to self-segregate into opposing groups and the introduction of asymmetric sensitivity leads to the disappearance of dominant strategies. Compared with the situations in the stock market with little market impact, the stock price fluctuations are suppressed and an efficient market occurs. Theoretical analyses indicate that the mechanism of phase transition from clustering to self-segregation in the present model is similar to that in the majority-minority game and the occurrence and disappearance of efficient markets are related to the competition between the trend-following and the trend-aversion forces. The clustering of the strategies in the present model results from the majority-wins effect and the wealth-driven mechanism makes the market become predictable.

  18. Forecasting Financial Market Annual Performance Measures: Further Evidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edward J. Lusk

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Forecasting is simple; producing accurate forecasts is the essential task. Experience suggests that financial managers often assume that because models used in forecasting are appropriate that they are effective. This study addresses this assumption. Effective is taken to mean forecasts where the Absolute Percentage Error (APE is equal to or less than 10%. It has been reported that forecasts of the CAPM-β using the Bloomberg heuristic did not provide effective forecasts. We were interested to determine if the lack of forecasting accuracy is peculiar to β or is more pervasive. Approach: We expanded the analysis to include three measures of Excess Market Return: Jensen’s α (Jα, the Sharpe Performance Index (SPI and the Treynor Performance Index (TPI and two measures of market risk: we once again consider β and also a measure of non-market risk called idiosyncratic Risk (iR. We used information on 58 firms continuously traded on the NYSE or the NASDAQ from 1980 to and including 2008 to evaluate the effectiveness of forecasts of: Jα, SPI, TPI, β and iR. Results: Using Exponential Smoothing or (1,0,0 ARIMA models, we found no evidence that effective forecasts of these five market measures can be derived from such forecasting models. Conclusion/Recommendations: The important implication is: Financial Managers should be aware that even though they are they are using appropriate models to generate forecasts of Jα, SPI, TPI, β and iR that is no guarantee that such forecasts are effective. Finally, the authors’ results are posted on Scholarly Commons.

  19. An econophysics approach to analyse uncertainty in financial markets: an application to the Portuguese stock market

    CERN Document Server

    Dionisio, A; Mendes, D A; Dionisio, Andreia; Menezes, Rui; Mendes, Diana A.

    2006-01-01

    In recent years there has been a closer interrelationship between several scientific areas trying to obtain a more realistic and rich explanation of the natural and social phenomena. Among these it should be emphasized the increasing interrelationship between physics and financial theory. In this field the analysis of uncertainty, which is crucial in financial analysis, can be made using measures of physics statistics and information theory, namely the Shannon entropy. One advantage of this approach is that the entropy is a more general measure than the variance, since it accounts for higher order moments of a probability distribution function. An empirical application was made using data collected from the Portuguese Stock Market.

  20. Merging Advertising and PR: Integrated Marketing Communications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rose, Patricia B.; Miller, Debra A.

    1994-01-01

    Identifies and compares the perceived educational needs of advertising and public relations practitioners. Explores differences between practitioners in small versus large markets, and assesses practitioners' beliefs about integrated marketing communications (the merger of advertising and public relations under a single organizational unit). (SR)

  1. Impact of global financial crisis on stylized facts between energy markets and stock markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leng, Tan Kim; Cheong, Chin Wen; Hooi, Tan Siow

    2014-06-01

    Understanding the stylized facts is extremely important and has becomes a hot issue nowadays. However, recent global financial crisis that started from United States had spread all over the world and adversely affected the commodities and financial sectors of both developed and developing countries. This paper tends to examine the impact of crisis on stylized facts between energy and stock markets using ARCH-family models based on the experience over 2008 global financial crisis. Empirical results denote that there is long lasting, persists and positively significant the autocorrelation function of absolute returns and their squares in both markets for before and during crisis. Besides that, leverage effects are found in stock markets whereby bad news has a greater impact on volatility than good news for both before and during crisis. However, crisis does not indicate any impact on risk-return tradeoff for both energy and stock markets. For forecasting evaluations, GARCH model and FIAPARCH model indicate superior out of sample forecasts for before and during crisis respectively.

  2. Dynamic effects of increasing heterogeneity in financial markets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Despite canonical behavioural financial market models [Day R, Huang W. Bulls, bears and market sheep. J Econ Behav Org 1990;14:299-329], that use different types of agents (i.e., fundamentalist vs. chartists), we develop a model in which the source of instability is the interaction of groups that are homogeneous in the strategy they use, but have heterogeneous beliefs about the fundamental value of the asset. Specifically, heterogeneity arises among two groups of fundamentalists that follow gurus. We show that an increasing distance between beliefs (the degree of heterogeneity), leads first (i) to a pitchfork bifurcation to arise secondly (ii) it generates, together with a larger reaction to misalignment of both market maker and agents, the appearance of a periodic, or even, chaotic, price fluctuation; (iii) finally a homoclinic bifurcation [Dieci R, Bischi GI, Gardini L. From bi-stability to chaotic oscillations in a macroeconomic model. Chaos, Solitons and Fractals 2001;12:805-22] transforms a two piece chaotic set into a one piece chaotic set that generates bull and bear markets.

  3. Product Market Integration, Comparative Advantages and Labour Market Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Torben M. Andersen; Skaksen, Jan Rose

    2003-01-01

    In a two-country model with trade driven by comparative advantages, it is considered how imperfectly competitive labour markets are affected by lower frictions in international goods trade. Easier goods trading is equivalent to increased mobility of employment across countries and thus a change in the trade-off between wages and employment faced by wage setters. While the effects of product market integration on the trade-off between wages and employment in general is ambiguous, it is shown t...

  4. Timeliness of financial reporting in emerging capital markets:Evidence from Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Turel, Asli

    2010-01-01

    Timely financial reporting is an essential ingredient for a well-functioning capital market. This study has two objectives. The first one is to measure the extend of timeliness of financial reporting in a developing country, Turkey. The second one is to establish the impact of both company specific and audit related factors on timeliness of financial reporting in Turkey. This study reports on the results of an empirical investigation of the timeliness of financial reports by 211 non-financial...

  5. Alternate entropy measure for assessing volatility in financial markets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bose, Ranjan; Hamacher, Kay

    2012-11-01

    We propose two alternate information theoretical approaches to assess non-Gaussian fluctuations in the return dynamics of financial markets. Specifically, we use superinformation, which is a measure of the disorder of the entropy of time series. We argue on theoretical grounds on its usefulness and show that it can be applied effectively for analyzing returns. A study of stock market data for over five years has been carried out using this approach. We show how superinformation helps to identify and classify important signals in the time series. The financial crisis of 2008 comes out very clearly in the superinformation plots. In addition, we introduce the super mutual information. Distinct super mutual information signatures are observed that might be used to mitigate idiosyncratic risk. The universality of our approach has been tested by carrying out the analysis for the 100 stocks listed in S&P100 index. The average superinformation values for the S&P100 stocks correlates very well with the VIX. PMID:23214848

  6. Evidence of market manipulation in the financial crisis

    CERN Document Server

    Misra, Vedant; Bar-Yam, Yaneer

    2011-01-01

    We provide direct evidence of market manipulation at the beginning of the financial crisis in November 2007. The type of manipulation, a "bear raid," would have been prevented by a regulation that was repealed by the Securities and Exchange Commission in July 2007. The regulation, the uptick rule, was designed to prevent manipulation and promote stability and was in force from 1938 as a key part of the government response to the 1928 market crash and its aftermath. On November 1, 2007, Citigroup experienced an unusual increase in trading volume and decrease in price. Our analysis of financial industry data shows that this decline coincided with an anomalous increase in borrowed shares, the selling of which would be a large fraction of the total trading volume. The selling of borrowed shares cannot be explained by news events as there is no corresponding increase in selling by share owners. A similar number of shares were returned on a single day six days later. The magnitude and coincidence of borrowing and r...

  7. Managerial Incentives and Market Integration

    OpenAIRE

    Weibull, Jörgen W.

    1996-01-01

    This paper develops a new analytical approach to the old question whether market conditions may influence the internal efficiency of firms. The basic textbook model of the firm is slightly extended to incorporate managers' incentives to reduce production costs in an imperfectly competitive product market. This is done without invoking any agency problem or other form of information asymmetry in firms. The analysis extends Marshallian and Hicksian consumer analysis to managers' demand for leis...

  8. Price Integration between Europe and Regional Markets in Africa: A Test of the Law of One Price

    OpenAIRE

    Piesse, Jenifer; Hearn, Bruce Allen

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the degree of price-integration of equity index assets between the major markets of Africa, namely Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria, Namibia and South Africa with the prominent European markets of London and Paris. The application of Vector Autoregressive and Autoregressive Distributed Lag methods reveals that African markets are largely price-segmented. The only markets that are price-integrated have shared economic and financial institutions such as Namibia and So...

  9. Integrating Europe's Securities Markets: The Way Forward

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Mark Azzopardi

    2011-01-01

    Having been earmarked as one of the primary objectives towards the creation of the Single Market from early on, the consolidation of securities legislation in the EU really took off under the auspices of the Financial Services Action Plan (or FSAP).The implementation of the Plan’s objectives was achieved most successfully through the Lamfalussy approach, a four-level model which was applied successfully to many framework Directives. While the creation of a single legal framework for the Union...

  10. Branding and Integrating Marketing Communications to Strengthen Brand : case: Bank X

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen Thanh, Thuy

    2014-01-01

    In the market where many active competitors provide the same or similar products or services, branding is the strategic key indicator that facilitates a company in achieving its financial target, reputation and customer’s loyalty. This thesis concentrates on analyzing branding strategy and integrating marketing communications to strengthen brand with the case study of Bank X. Although the Bank has a long active history in both international and the Vietnamese markets, the brand is not yet...

  11. Capital Market Integration and Consumption Risk Sharing over the Long Run

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rangvid, Jesper; Santa-Clara, Pedro

    We empirically investigate time variation in capital market integration and consumption risk sharing using data for 16 countries from 1875 to 2012. We show that there has been considerable variation over time in the degrees of capital market integration and consumption risk sharing and that higher capital market integration forecasts more consumption risk sharing in the future. This finding is robust is to controlling for trade openness and exchange rate volatilities. Hence, financial integration seems to drive consumption risk sharing whereas we find no evidence that risk sharing forecasts market integration. We also calculate the welfare costs of imperfect capital market integration and risk sharing and find that these costs vary a lot over time. Finally, we show that consumption risk sharing is higher during times of crises, i.e. at times when marginal utility is high and risk sharing is most valuable.

  12. HERDING BEHAVIOR UNDER MARKETS CONDITION: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE ON THE EUROPEAN FINANCIAL MARKETS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moatemri Ouarda

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study presents four main contributions to the literature of behavior herding. Firstly, it extends the behavioral researches of herding of the investors on a developed market and mainly on a European market as a whole. Secondly, we are interested in examination of herding behavior at the level of sectors by using data at the levels of companies. Thirdly, this document estimates the implications of herding behavior in terms of returns, volatility and volume of transaction. Fourthly, the herding behavior is revealed as well during the period of the recent global financial crisis in 2007-2008 and of Asian crisis. Our results reveal a strong evidence of herding behavior sharply contributed to a bearish situation characterized by a strong volatility and a trading volume. The repercussion of herding during the period of the recent financial crisis is clearly revealed for the sectors of the finance and the technology.

  13. IMMIGRANTS’ LABOUR MARKET INTEGRATION IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurica-Iris ALEXE

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses the labour immigration trends in Romania in the context of an evolving institutional, social and economic environment. It investigates the access and participation of the immigrant workforce into the Romanian labour market through the main labour market indicators and it provides an overall view on the immigrants’ labour market integration by using different migrant specific data and descriptive statistics. The paper discusses the advantages and possible socio-economic consequences related to filling labour shortages by means of immigration and the how the labour immigration in Romania is taking shape as a result of employment policies and immigration regime. Furthermore, it reflects on the relevant legislative, institutional and policy developments that impact on the immigrants’ labour market integration in Romania. This research highlights how Romania makes use of the immigrant human capital and whether the characteristics and skills of the immigrant workforce represent a competitive resource on the national labour market.

  14. An investigation of the integrity of Internet financial reporting

    OpenAIRE

    Barry Smith; Aileen Pierce

    2005-01-01

    Since the mid 1990s, large companies have increasingly used the Internet to disclose business and financial information. Internet technology is regularly claimed to facilitate greater relevance and timeliness of business information. The integrity of information disclosed on corporate websites has, however, been subject to comparatively little scrutiny. This study focuses on the integrity of Internet Financial Reporting (IFR) by reference to the adequacy of underlying corporate governance pro...

  15. When the financial markets start coughing, office markets quickly catch a cold

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabine Dörry

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available “Where does property ‘fit’ into the dynamics of value creation under contemporary capitalism?” and “What about the economics of property?”, only recently did Christophers (2010: 94 address these questions to his fellow geographers. With Towers of Capital, Lizieri has now presented a long overdue book, which insightfully investigates the multifaceted – though primarily economic – phenomena of office markets, specifically in international financial centres (IFCs, and their strong entanglement...

  16. Designing a Financial Market Structure in Post-Crisis Asia: How to Develop Corporate Bond Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Yoshitomi, Masaru; Shirai, Sayuri

    2001-01-01

    Since the Asian financial crisis, strong and increasingly prevalent views have emerged thatbanks are no more functional and that economic development should rely on capital markets. Suchviews claim that the Asian crisis was caused by heavy dependence of firms’ investment on bank loansand that Asian commercial banks did not function as properly as those operating in some advancedcountries, due to crony relations among banks, firms, and governments. These views conclude thatpolicies should plac...

  17. Geometry of financial markets—Towards information theory model of markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piotrowski, Edward W.; S?adkowski, Jan

    2007-08-01

    Most parameters used to describe states and dynamics of financial market depend on proportions of the appropriate variables rather than on their actual values. Therefore, projective geometry seems to be the correct language to describe the theater of financial activities. We suppose that the objects of interest of agents, called here baskets, form a vector space over the reals. A portfolio is defined as an equivalence class of baskets containing assets in the same proportions. Therefore portfolios form a projective space. Cross ratios, being invariants of projective maps, form key structures in the proposed model. Quotation with respect to an asset ? (i.e. in units of ?) is given by linear maps. Among various types of metrics that have financial interpretation, the min-max metric on the space of quotations can be introduced. This metric has an interesting interpretation in terms of rates of return. It can be generalized so that to incorporate a new numerical parameter (called temperature) that describes agent's lack of knowledge about the state of the market. In a dual way, a metric on the space of market quotation is defined. In addition, one can define an interesting metric structure on the space of portfolios/quotation that is invariant with respect to hyperbolic (Lorentz) symmetries of the space of portfolios. The introduced formalism opens new interesting and possibly fruitful fields of research.

  18. Integrated marketing communications at solar energy equipment market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.L. Litovchenko

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The article is devoted to the development of the concept of «integrated marketing communications», as well as its adaptation to a specific market of solar energy equipment. The theoretical development of foreign and domestic scholars in the field of IMC is considered. The aim of the article is to define the concept of «integrated marketing communications» and use them in the market of solar ?nergy equipment in an information economy. The author's definition of the concept of IMC is given, including the achievement of synergies. The reasons for the transition to the use of modern enterprises IMC in marketing activities are explored, as well as the tendencies of their distribution. The results of the analysis. The article identified the following reasons for the transition to the concept of IMC: reducing the efficiency of the individual instruments of marketing communications policy, the rapid growth of the flow of information and the development of technology marketing communications under the influence of the Internet, and the transition to the individualization of consumption and, consequently, to a two-way interactive marketing communication; glut similar services and products. The study identified the following reasons for the transition to the concept of IMC: reducing the efficiency of the individual instruments of marketing communications policy, the rapid growth of the flow of information and the development of technology marketing communications under the influence of the Internet, and the transition to the individualization of consumption and, consequently, to a two-way interactive marketing communication; glut similar services and products. Trends of the present stage of development of the IMC are demonstrated. The factors that influence formation of the IMC complex of enterprise in the market of solar energy equipment are identified. They are the goals of the firm and its strategies are used , the type of product or market, target audience and its characteristics (readiness to buy, the specific behavior of consumers, national and cultural, stage of the life cycle of the advertised goods; traditions found in communication policy of the company and its major competitors. In accordance with the results of theoretical studies carried out by us, the concept of IMC was adapted to the market of solar power equipment companies, which was formed by a set of marketing tools included in IMC. Conclusions and directions of further researches. The authors proposed a list of marketing activities, which form the IMC for this market such as personal selling and direct marketing; PR; sales promotion; in the Internet space: contextual and banner advertising, social networks, organization of forums, portals, webinars; exhibition activities; customer club organization, training and tours. The directions of further researches are to study the approaches to the formation of IMC for different types of markets, the impact of Internet technology on the strategy of IMC, calculation of proportionality use of marketing funds within the IMC.

  19. Effects of Participation in a Simulation Game on Marketing Students' Numeracy and Financial Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brennan, Ross; Vos, Lynn

    2013-01-01

    The need to endow marketing graduates with skills relevant to employability grows ever more important. Marketing math and elementary financial understanding are essential employability skills, particularly given the contemporary emphasis on marketing metrics, but the evidence is that marketing graduates are often relatively weak in such skills.…

  20. A Limit Theorem for Financial Markets with Inert Investors

    CERN Document Server

    Bayraktar, E; Sircar, R; Bayraktar, Erhan; Horst, Ulrich; Sircar, Ronnie

    2006-01-01

    We study the effect of investor inertia on stock price fluctuations with a market microstructure model comprising many small investors who are inactive most of the time. It turns out that semi-Markov processes are tailor made for modelling inert investors. With a suitable scaling, we show that when the price is driven by the market imbalance, the log price process is approximated by a process with long range dependence and non-Gaussian returns distributions, driven by a fractional Brownian motion. Consequently, investor inertia may lead to arbitrage opportunities for sophisticated market participants. The mathematical contributions are a functional central limit theorem for stationary semi-Markov processes, and approximation results for stochastic integrals of continuous semimartingales with respect to fractional Brownian motion.

  1. The role of the Financial Supervision Authority and the situation of the client on the financial services market with special emphasis on the banking services market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edyta Rutkowska-Tomaszewska

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A well-functioning financial services market should be stable and transparent, as well as ensure security and protect the interests of its participants. These goals and tasks are defined in a number of legal acts, and an important role in their realization has been entrusted to the Polish Financial Supervision Authority as the oversight body for the financial services market. The Polish Financial Supervision Authority (hereinafter referred to as the FSA has been equipped with tools allowing it to counteract impermissible actions of financial services market participants, such as entities subject to oversight due to their provisioning of financial services. Within the scope of its oversight, the Financial Supervision Authority examines whether the interests of market participants and their security have been violated. It is also equipped with the capacity to undertake actions of a direct nature – operating on the basis of competences granted to it by particular regulations concerning its tasks, or also indirectly – in situations when it doesn’t have the standing to instigate the appropriate procedures, if it possesses information about violations and improprieties it can forward such information to authorized bodies in order to set in motion the relevant mechanisms. By performing its duties properly, the FSA can have a positive effect on the relationships between entities providing financial services and their clients, by restoring a semblance of balance and fairness.

  2. Gender Differences in Student Financial Market Attitudes and Awareness: An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ford, Matthew W.; Kent, Daniel W.

    2010-01-01

    Female college students are generally thought to possess lower levels of financial market knowledge than their male counterparts. However, previous studies have lacked conceptual and methodological focus on market-based dimensions of financial literacy. We hypothesize that male and female college students respond differently to perceptions of…

  3. An investigation on the effects of perception and marketing expenditure, financial and non-financial promotions on brand equity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Ataheryan

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a study to investigate the effects of perception and marketing expenditures as well as financial and non-financial promotions on brand equity. The proposed study of this paper prepares a questionnaire in Likert scale and distributes it among regular customers of three types of Shampoo in city of Tehran, Iran. The implementation of structural equation modeling for the proposed study of this paper has been accomplished based on LISREL software. The results of the survey on testing various hypotheses indicate that perception on marketing expenditure, financial as well as non-financial promotion and word of mouth advertisement influence positively on brand awareness and negatively on non-financial promotions (?=0.01. In addition, brand awareness influences positively on perception quality (?=0.01. Brand awareness as well as brand associate also influence on brand loyalty (?=0.01.

  4. Design of an Experiment to Test Quantum Probabilistic Behavior of the Financial market

    CERN Document Server

    Khrennikov, Andrei

    2009-01-01

    The recent crash demonstrated (once again) that the description of the financial market by present financial mathematics cannot be considered as totally satisfactory. We remind that nowadays financial mathematics is heavily based on the use of random variables and stochastic processes which are described by Kolmogorov's measure-theoretic model for probability ("classical probabilistic model"). I speculate that the present financial crises is a sign (a kind of experiment to test validity of classical probability theory at the financial market) that the use of this model in finances should be either totally rejected or at least completed. One of the best candidates for a new probabilistic financial model is quantum probability or its generalizations, so to say quantum-like (QL) models. Speculations that the financial market may be nonclassical have been present in scientific literature for many years. The aim of this note is to move from the domain of speculation to rigorous statistical arguments in favor of pr...

  5. Data Mining for Customer Segmentation in Personal Financial Market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Guoxun; Li, Fang; Zhang, Peng; Tian, Yingjie; Shi, Yong

    The personal financial market segmentation plays an important role in retail banking. It is widely admitted that there are a lot of limitations of conventional ways in customer segmentation, which are knowledge based and often get bias results. In contrast, data mining can deal with mass of data and never miss any useful knowledge. Due to the mass storage volume of unlabeled transaction data, in this paper, we propose a clustering ensemble method based on majority voting mechanism and two alternative manners to further enhance the performance of customer segmentation in real banking business. Through the experiments and examinations in real business environment, we can come to a conclusion that our model reflect the true characteristics of various types of customers and can be used to find the investment preferences of customers.

  6. Is oil supply choked by financial market pressures?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since the late 1990s, financial analysts have focused strongly on short-term profitability for benchmarking and valuation of international oil and gas companies. The increasing pressure for strict capital discipline among oil and gas companies may have reduced their willingness to invest for future reserves and production growth. The current high oil price is partly due to low exploration activity in the oil industry the last decade. We present and discuss the background for this development-based on previous academic research, industry trends and current valuation practices. An estimated econometric model of stock market valuation among oil and gas companies suggests that analysts and companies have put exaggerate weight on short-term earnings and accounting profitability. We therefore expect that the attention will shift back to long-term reserve and production growth

  7. Is oil supply choked by financial market pressures?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since the late 1990s, financial analysts have focused strongly on short-term profitability for benchmarking and valuation of international oil and gas companies. The increasing pressure for strict capital discipline among oil and gas companies may have reduced their willingness to invest for future reserves and production growth. The current high oil price is partly due to low exploration activity in the oil industry the last decade. We present and discuss the background for this development - based on previous academic research, industry trends and current valuation practices. An estimated econometric model of stock market valuation among oil and gas companies suggests that analysts and companies have put exaggerate weight on short-term earnings and accounting profitability. We therefore expect that the attention will shift back to long-term reserve and production growth. (author)

  8. THE EFFECT OF FINANCIAL INTEGRATION ON FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND GROWTH: Pre-Crisis Assessment of the Euro Region

    OpenAIRE

    Lillian Kamal

    2011-01-01

    While it is evident that the integration that European countries are involved in through the European Union (EU) is beneficial in terms of labour and trade opportunities, the effect of such integration on financial development is unclear. This paper implements an innovative approach that examines the impact of financial integration on financial development, and subsequently on economic growth within a sample of EU countries, pre-financial crisis of 2008. Traditionally monetary depth measure...

  9. Multifractal financial markets an alternative approach to asset and risk management

    CERN Document Server

    hayek kobeissi, yasmine

    2012-01-01

    Multifractal Financial Markets ?explores appropriate models for estimating risk and profiting from market swings, allowing readers to develop enhanced portfolio management skills and strategies.  Fractals in finance allow us to understand market instability and persistence.  When applied to financial markets, these models produce the requisite amount of data necessary for gauging market risk in order to mitigate loss.  This brief delves deep into the multifractal market approach to portfolio management through real-world examples and case studies, providing readers with the tools they need to

  10. Studying international spillovers in a New Keynesian continuous time framework with financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    Hayo, Bernd; Niehof, Britta

    2013-01-01

    In light of the recent financial and real economic crisis, it seems clear that macroeconomists need to better account for the influence of financial markets. This paper explores the consequences of treating the interaction between different financial markets, monetary policy, and the real economy seriously by developing a fully dynamic theoretical model. Starting from a standard New Keynesian framework, we reformulate and extend the model by means of stochastic differential equations so as to...

  11. The Local Fractal Properties of the Financial Time Series on the Polish Stock Exchange Market

    OpenAIRE

    Grech, D.; Pamu?a, G.

    2007-01-01

    We investigate the local fractal properties of the financial time series based on the evolution of the Warsaw Stock Exchange Index (WIG) connected with the largest developing financial market in Europe. Calculating the local Hurst exponent for the WIG time series we find an interesting dependence between the behavior of the local fractal properties of the WIG time series and the crashes appearance on the financial market.

  12. Could the stability and growth pact be substituted by the financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    Terezie Vyprachticka

    2010-01-01

    In the discussions of the need for fiscal rules and their usefulness in a monetary union researchers have not agreed on whether the financial markets have a sufficiently disciplining effect on the governments, which would mean that the fiscal rules are not necessary. This paper investigates whether the European Union's main fiscal rule, the Stability and Growth Pact, could be substituted by the financial markets, taking into account also the effects of the latest financial and economic crisis...

  13. Analysis of Financial Products of Capital Market in Bangladesh: Present Status and Future Development

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Shahidul Islam; Shama Jahan

    2012-01-01

    The performance of existing financial products is an important issue in the capital market to increase the new products for reducing the risk of dependency on common stocks. The research aims are to evaluate the growth and development of existing financial instruments and to recommend for introducing new financial instruments in the capital market of Bangladesh. The data are taken from the Dhaka stock exchange for the year 1977 to 2010 for interpretation of development and the data from 2003 ...

  14. Product market integration, rents and wage inequality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Torben M.; Sørensen, Allan

    2010-01-01

    Globalization in the form of product market integration affects labour markets and produces winners and losers. While there are aggregate gains, it is in general ambiguous how inequality is affected. We explore this issue in a Ricardian model and show that it depends on the balance between "protection" and "specialization" rents. In particular, wage inequality among similar workers (residual wage inequality) may be U-shaped, at first decreasing and then increasing in the process of product marke...

  15. China: between social stability and market integration

    OpenAIRE

    ANDORNINO, GIOVANNI

    2006-01-01

    China's gradual integration with the global market is responsible for exceptional rates of economic growth and for the substantial sociopolitical stability enjoyed by the country over the past decades. Nevertheless, the choice to increasingly adhere to the competitive dynamic of the market has thrown up a battery of problems for China's leadership, as increasing affluence has favored the pluralization and diversification of social interests. In a country where the existence of divergent and c...

  16. Institutions for economic and financial integration in Asia: Trends and prospects

    OpenAIRE

    Capannelli, Giovanni

    2011-01-01

    Asian economic regionalism has emerged from a bottom-up process, driven by market forces in the absence of a grand plan for regional integration. While the financial crisis of 1997-98 triggered new regional cooperation initiatives, more recently several Asian political leaders have formulated proposals for the creation of a regional economic community, suggesting the possible start of a top-down approach. Based on the results of a survey of Asia's opinion leaders conducted by the Asian Develo...

  17. 77 FR 36611 - Core Principles and Other Requirements for Designated Contract Markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-19

    ...transparency, and promote market integrity within the financial system by, among other...of computer trading in financial markets, which aims to assess...banks and other commercial financial institutions on market standard terms will...

  18. Financial Market Regulation-Security Scams In India with historical evidence and the role of corporate governance

    OpenAIRE

    Narayanan, Supreena

    2004-01-01

    The financial system consists of specialized and non specialized financial institutions, of organized and unorganized financial markets, of financial instruments and services, which facilitate transfer of funds. Procedures and practices adopted in the markets, and financial interrelationships are also parts of this system. In product or other service markets, purchasers part with their money in exchange for something now. In finance, money “now” is exchanged for a “promise to pay in the futur...

  19. Effects of New Financial Reporting Standards on Value Relevance–A Study about Turkish Stock Markets

    OpenAIRE

    F. Ayzer Bilgic; Cemal Ibis

    2013-01-01

    Financial statement information that make the users to evaluate their decisions is value relevant. This paper aims to determine the value relevance of financial statement information in Turkish stock markets during the period of 1997-2011 by Ohlson Model (1995) and separate regressions. Starting from 2003, new regulations about financial reporting standards became effective. Consolidation and inflation accounting were put into action in 2003 annual financial statements. Afterwards in 2005, th...

  20. The impact of financial market frictions on trade flows, capital flows and economic development

    OpenAIRE

    Bougheas, Spiros; Falvey, Rod

    2011-01-01

    We introduce financial frictions in a two sector model of international trade with heterogeneous agents. The level of specialization in the economy (economic development) depends on the quality of financial institutions. Underdeveloped financial markets prohibit an economy to specialize in sectors where finance is important. Capital flows and international trade are complements when countries differ in the degree of development of their financial sectors. Capital flows to countries with more ...

  1. Imperfect Competition in Financial Markets and Capital Controls: A Model and a Test.

    OpenAIRE

    Pasricha, Gurnain Kaur

    2008-01-01

    This paper explores the implications of financial repression, specifically, imperfect competition in the financial sector and capital controls for equilibrium interest rates and current account imbalances; and the implications of liberalization. I find that (1) interest differentials between home and foreign markets exist and are higher the fewer the number of domestic financial institutions (2) liberalization of the domestic financial sector - i.e. increasing the number of players - exace...

  2. Do Financial Constraints Matter for Foreign Market Entry? – A Firm-Level Examination

    OpenAIRE

    Stiebale, Joel

    2008-01-01

    Recent theoretical and empirical contributions stress the importance of financial development for international trade. This paper investigates whether financial constraints matter for foreign market entry at the firm level using dynamic panel data techniques. The empirical framework is applied to a panel of French manufacturing firms over the years 1998-2005. Although financial indicators are significantly correlated with export status and export share, there is no evidence that financial con...

  3. Spread of risk across financial markets: better to invest in the peripheries

    OpenAIRE

    F. Pozzi; Di Matteo, T; Aste, T.

    2013-01-01

    Risk is not uniformly spread across financial markets and this fact can be exploited to reduce investment risk contributing to improve global financial stability. We discuss how, by extracting the dependency structure of financial equities, a network approach can be used to build a well-diversified portfolio that effectively reduces investment risk. We find that investments in stocks that occupy peripheral, poorly connected regions in financial filtered networks, namely Minimum Spanning Trees...

  4. Toward an integrative explanation of corporate financial performance

    CERN Document Server

    Capon, Noel; Hoenig, Scott

    1996-01-01

    This volume is a milestone on our journey toward developing a more comprehensive understanding of the underpinnings of corporate financial performance. Weare concerned with both the factors that cause the financial performance of some firms to be better than others at a point in time and those factors that influence the trajectory of firm financial performance over time. In addressing these issues, we consider theoretical and empirical work on financial performance, drawn from several literatures, as well as present the results from our own empirical study. The review of the theoretical and empirical work is contemporary; the major portion of data comprising the empirical study was collected in the early 1980s as part of the Columbia Business School project on corporate strategic planning, but some data sequences extend into the mid-1980s and early 1990s. Our goals are to improve understanding of firm financial performance by developing a more integrated framework and to develop a research agenda based on wha...

  5. The impact of financial market imperfections on trade and capital flows

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Spiros, Bougheas; Rod, Falvey.

    Full Text Available We introduce financial frictions in a two sector model of international trade with heterogeneous agents. The level of specialization in the economy (economic development) depends on the quality of financial institutions. Underdeveloped financial markets prohibit an economy to specialize in sectors w [...] here finance is important. Capital flows and international trade are complements when countries differ in the degree of development of their financial sectors. Capital flows to countries with more robust financial institutions which in turn allow their economies to develop sectors that are financially dependent.

  6. Analysis of monetary policy responses after financial market crises in a continuous time New Keynesian Model

    OpenAIRE

    Hayo, Bernd; Niehof, Britta

    2014-01-01

    We develop a dynamic stochastic full equilibrium New Keynesian model of two open economies based on stochastic differential equations to analyse the interdependence between monetary policy and financial markets in the context of the recent financial crisis. The effect of bubbles on stock and housing markets and their transmission to the domestic real economy and the contagious effects on foreign markets are studied. We simulate adjustment paths for the economies under two monetary policy rule...

  7. The global financial crisis: An analysis of the spillover effects on African stock markets

    OpenAIRE

    Sugimoto, Kimiko; Matsuki, Takashi; Yoshida, Yushi

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the relative importance of the global and regional markets for financial markets in developing countries, particularly during the US financial crisis and the European sovereign debt crisis. We examine the way in which the degree of regional (seven African markets combined), global (China, France, Germany, Japan, the UK and the US), commodity (gold and petroleum), and nominal effective exchange rate (Euro and US dollar) spillovers to individual African countries evolve duri...

  8. Can Credit Default Swaps Predict Financial Crises: An Empirical Test on Emerging Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Neziri, Hekuran

    2008-01-01

    We explore the informational value of credit default swaps and the extent to which they may be linked to financial crises. After developing a theoretical framework to model the relationship between credit default swap market and equity and currency markets, we apply an empirical study which uses logistic regressions and a panel data sample of emerging markets to assess the ability of these financial instruments to predict crises. Regarding them as reflections of future expectations of investo...

  9. Cash-in-the-market pricing in a model with money and over-the-counter financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    Mattesini, Fabrizio; Nosal, Ed

    2013-01-01

    Entrepreneurs need cash to finance their real investments. Since cash is costly to hold, entrepreneurs will underinvest. If entrepreneurs can access financial markets prior to learning about an investment opportunity, they can sell some of their less liquid assets for cash and, as a result, invest at a higher level. When financial markets are over-the-counter, the price that the entrepreneur receives for the assets that he sells depends on the amount of liquidity (cash) that is in the OTC mar...

  10. Liquid markets and market liquids collective and single-asset dynamics in financial markets

    CERN Document Server

    Cuniberti, G

    2001-01-01

    We characterize the collective phenomena of a liquid market. By interpreting the behavior of a no-arbitrage N asset market in terms of a particle system scenario, (thermo)dynamical-like properties can be extracted from the asset kinetics. In this scheme the mechanisms of the particle interaction can be widely investigated. We test the verisimilitude of our construction on two-decade stock market daily data (DAX30) and show the result obtained for the interaction potential among asset pairs.

  11. THE EFFECT OF FINANCIAL INTEGRATION ON FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND GROWTH: Pre-Crisis Assessment of the Euro Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lillian Kamal

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available While it is evident that the integration that European countries are involved in through the European Union (EU is beneficial in terms of labour and trade opportunities, the effect of such integration on financial development is unclear. This paper implements an innovative approach that examines the impact of financial integration on financial development, and subsequently on economic growth within a sample of EU countries, pre-financial crisis of 2008. Traditionally monetary depth measures are used to assess the size and development of the financial sector. However due to the centralized control of monetary policy, these monetary depth measures lose their effectiveness in assessing financial development within the EU. This paper therefore looks at bank-based measures of financial development in an effort to establish whether a relationship exists between financial development and growth in the European Union countries, and if so, whether this relationship has been affected by financial integration. The paper focuses on the time period before the 2008 financial crisis to avoid the impact of capital flight, failed banking sectors and budgetary issues. The results support the hypothesis that the benefits of economic and financial integration are not uniform. Financial integration does not seem to have a very significant effect on growth where financial development has been controlled for.

  12. The effectiveness of monetary policy in steering money market rates during the financial crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Abbassi, Puriya; Linzert, Tobias

    2012-01-01

    The financial crisis has deeply affected money markets and thus, potentially, the proper functioning of the interest rate channel of monetary policy transmission. Therefore, we analyze the effectiveness of monetary policy in steering euro area money market rates looking at, first, the predictability of money market rates on the basis of monetary policy expectations, and second the impact of extraordinary central bank measures on money market rates. We find that during the crisis money market ...

  13. Analysis of the real estate market in Ukraine from the point of view of financial market theories ?????? ????? ???????????? ??????? ? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ?????

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shapovalova Victoria O.

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the real estate market in Ukraine from the point of view of the concept of financial markets on the basis of the dynamics of average prices on housing habitations, profitability and chain indices with the annual lag. It reveals that there is no sufficient basis for the real estate market to accept the efficient market hypothesis or fractal market hypothesis; ignoring this fact could lead to unsatisfactory results of forecasting due to availability of dynamics of different types. The article provides quantitative and informative justification of performance of the coherent market hypothesis.??????????????? ????? ???????????? ??????? ? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??? ?? ?????, ??????????? ? ?????? ???????? ? ??????? ?????. ????????, ??? ??? ????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????? ??? ???????? ?? ???????? ???????????? ?????, ?? ???????? ???????????? ?????; ????????????? ???? ?????? ????? ???????? ? ???????????????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ?? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ????. ????????? ?????????????? ? ?????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????.

  14. Preconditions for creation and use of innovative financial instruments in Ukraine’s derivatives market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.M. Burdenko

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This article explores evolution of domestic market of derivatives, its main stages and brief description. Preconditions for creation and use of innovative financial instruments in derivatives market of Ukraine are analysed. For each stage of derivatives markets evolution were defined main trends of its development.

  15. An investigation on the effects of perception and marketing expenditure, financial and non-financial promotions on brand equity

    OpenAIRE

    Abbas Ataheryan; Masoumeh Sadat Abtahi; Ahmad Rahchamani

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a study to investigate the effects of perception and marketing expenditures as well as financial and non-financial promotions on brand equity. The proposed study of this paper prepares a questionnaire in Likert scale and distributes it among regular customers of three types of Shampoo in city of Tehran, Iran. The implementation of structural equation modeling for the proposed study of this paper has been accomplished based on LISREL software. The results of the survey on t...

  16. Stylized facts of financial markets and market crashes in Minority Games

    CERN Document Server

    Challet, D; Zhang, Y C; Challet, Damien; Marsili, Matteo; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

    2001-01-01

    We present and study a Minority Game based model of a financial market where adaptive agents -- the speculators -- interact with deterministic agents -- called producers. Speculators trade only if they detect predictable patterns which grant them a positive gain. Indeed the average number of active speculators grows with the amount of information that producers inject into the market. Transitions between equilibrium and out of equilibrium behavior are observed when the relative number of speculators to the complexity of information or to the number of producers are changed. When the system is out of equilibrium, stylized facts arise, such as fat tailed distribution of returns and volatility clustering. Without speculators, the price follows a random walk; this implies that stylized facts arise because of the presence of speculators. Furthermore, if speculators abandon price taking behavior, stylized facts disappear.

  17. The impact of financial crisis on financial supervision in the EU, the USA and the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Ku?erová, Z.

    2010-01-01

    Globalization and financial integration allows a more efficient allocation of capital in economies. However, integrated financial markets contribute to the dissemination of financial contagion among the financially integrated states. The world financial crisis has uncovered the lack of an efficient system of financial supervision. The paper is focused on the analysis of the impact of the world financial crisis on the systems of financial supervision in the EU, the USA and the Czech Republic. ...

  18. Diagnosis and prediction of rebounds in financial markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Wanfeng; Woodard, Ryan; Sornette, Didier

    2012-02-01

    We introduce the concept of “negative bubbles” as the mirror (but not necessarily exactly symmetric) image of standard financial bubbles, in which positive feedback mechanisms may lead to transient accelerating price falls. To model these negative bubbles, we adapt the Johansen-Ledoit-Sornette (JLS) model of rational expectation bubbles with a hazard rate describing the collective buying pressure of noise traders. The price fall occurring during a transient negative bubble can be interpreted as an effective random down payment that rational agents accept to pay in the hope of profiting from the expected occurrence of a possible rally. We validate the model by showing that it has significant predictive power in identifying the times of major market rebounds. This result is obtained by using a general pattern recognition method that combines the information obtained at multiple times from a dynamical calibration of the JLS model. Error diagrams, Bayesian inference and trading strategies suggest that one can extract genuine information and obtain real skill from the calibration of negative bubbles with the JLS model. We conclude that negative bubbles are in general predictably associated with large rebounds or rallies, which are the mirror images of the crashes terminating standard bubbles.

  19. Scaling of the distribution of fluctuations of financial market indices

    CERN Document Server

    Gopikrishnan, P; Núñez-Amaral, L A; Meyer, M R; Stanley, H E; Gopikrishnan, Parameswaran; Plerou, Vasiliki; Amaral, Luis A. Nunes; Meyer, Martin

    1999-01-01

    We study the distribution of fluctuations over a time scale $\\Delta t$ (i.e., the returns) of the S&P 500 index by analyzing three distinct databases. Database (i) contains approximately 1 million records sampled at 1 min intervals for the 13-year period 1984-1996, database (ii) contains 8686 daily records for the 35-year period 1962-1996, and database (iii) contains 852 monthly records for the 71-year period 1926-1996. We compute the probability distributions of returns over a time scale $\\Delta t$, where $\\Delta t$ varies approximately over a factor of 10^4 - from 1 min up to more than 1 month. We find that the distributions for $\\Delta t \\leq$ 4 days (1560 mins) are consistent with a power-law asymptotic behavior, characterized by an exponent test the robustness of the S&P result, we perform a parallel analysis on two other financial market indices. Database (iv) contains 3560 daily records of the NIKKEI index for the 14-year period 1984-97, and database (v) contains 4649 daily records of the Hang-...

  20. Financial Distress Prediction in Emerging Market: Empirical Evidences from Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Mahdi Salehi; Bizhan Abedini

    2009-01-01

    In this article the ability of financial ratios for prediction of financial distress of the listed companies in Tehran Stock Exchange (TES) was investigated. For this reason, the multiple regression models were used and a model was presented for prediction of financial distress in listed companies in TES. The assessment of the model was done by utilizing the data of two groups. The first group contained 30 companies which don't have any financial distress, and the second group, similarly, con...

  1. Export Market Exit, Financial Pressure and the Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Görg, Holger; Spaliara, Marina-Eliza

    2013-01-01

    Using firm-level data for the UK, we investigate the link between firms' financial health, borrowing ratio and export exit, paying special attention to the recent financial crisis. Our results show that deterioration in the financial position of firms has increased the hazard of export exit during the crisis. We also find that the sensitivity of export exit to changes in firms' financial condition is higher during the crisis for those firms which face increases in loan spreads associated with...

  2. Graduates’ integration on the labour market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Palade, A.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper contains a research study about the integration of 1st cycle graduates on the labour market. Marketing research was carried out among university graduates, emphasising their career path after graduating, taking into account that graduates’ job placement has acquired great importance in higher education. The conclusion drawn in the paper is that career counselling and orientation should be fostered for students, while more weight should be given to practical placements in the study programs’ curriculum, in order to build specific competences for students, which make them capable to obtain a better job position after graduation.

  3. Grid Integration of Electric Vehicles in Open Electricity Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    Presenting the policy drivers, benefits and challenges for grid integration of electric vehicles (EVs) in the open electricity market environment, this book provides a comprehensive overview of existing electricity markets and demonstrates how EVs are integrated into these different markets and power systems. Unlike other texts, this book analyses EV integration in parallel with electricity market design, showing the interaction between EVs and differing electricity markets. Future regulating po...

  4. Commodity prices, financial markets, and development: Effects of the financialisation of commodity markets and necessary policy reforms

    OpenAIRE

    Staritz, Cornelia; Heumesser, Christine; Küblböck, Karin

    2013-01-01

    Given the far-reaching implications of commodity prices for developing countries an understanding of the factors behind recent commodity price developments is crucial. ÖFSE research shows that besides structural changes in fundamental supply and demand conditions, the increasing presence of financial investors on commodity derivative markets has impacted on price dynamics and the microstructure of these markets. This questions to what extent these markets still fulfill their fundamental roles...

  5. Corporate market responsibility for orderly financial markets: systemic risk and regulation following Citigroup, sovereign funds, and the credit crunch

    OpenAIRE

    Gomes, Rafael A.R. Pereira

    2011-01-01

    How are companies responsible for helping to ensure orderly financial markets? In economic theory, the question is redundant, because orderly markets result from normal business activity, with support from regulators. Within the last few years, however, several episodes have suggested differently. Citigroup investment bank was fined for destabilising bond markets, despite being absolved of criminal conduct. Sovereign wealth funds were compelled to sign a code-of-conduct, to safeguard "free an...

  6. Key Financials Performance Independent versus Integrated: Empirical Evidence from Indonesia Financial Service Industry (2001-2011)

    OpenAIRE

    Suwinto Johan; Hermanto Siregar; Tubagus Nur Ahmad Maulana; Perdana Wahyu Santosa

    2012-01-01

    The aims of the paper are to study the financial performance between the independent finance companies and the integrated finance companies over the period 2001-2011. From total 194 finance companies in the industry, the finance companies who affiliate with bank or automotive manufacturer are 65 companies that contribute to 71% of total asset of the industry. The banking industry that provides majority of funding, has made finance companies as part of their integration business model. The aut...

  7. Assessing the Preconditions in Establishing an Independent Regulatory and Supervisory Agency in Globalized Financial Markets: The Case of Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Aysan, Ahmet Faruk; Al, Huseyin

    2006-01-01

    Recent financial crises highlight weaknesses in financial markets and the need for regulatory and supervisory bodies (RSB) to improve the stability of financial markets. Currently, international institutions like the IMF and the World Bank place the independent RSB among their principle policy recommendations to developing countries. This paper acknowledges the importance of independent RSB for the proper functioning of financial markets. However, this paper also points out the preconditions ...

  8. Transmission of the Global Financial Crisis to the East Asian Equity Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Tran Phuong Thao; Kevin Daly; Craig Ellis

    2013-01-01

    This paper investigates the transmission mechanism of the Global Financial Crisis originated in the United States to the East Asian equity markets, including the developed markets (Hong Kong, Japan and Singapore), emerging markets (Malaysia, Thailand and Taiwan) and frontier market (Vietnam). To test for the transmission, we employ the constant conditional correlation (CCC) and the dynamic conditional correlation (DCC) based on the MGARCH model to estimate the time-varying correlations betwee...

  9. The Private Equity Secondaries Market During the Financial Crisis and the “Valuation Gap”

    OpenAIRE

    Hege, Ulrich; Nuti, Alessandro

    2011-01-01

    This descriptive paper analyzes the performance of the private equity secondaries market during the financial crisis 2008-2009, in order to understand the effective liquidity of private equity investments during this episode of market stress. We document that the secondaries market followed the development of the crisis very closely, with effective market liquidity contracting in early 2009 to only a fraction of the volume earlier, and a quick recovery afterwards that showed no signs of more...

  10. Bank rescues and bailout expectations: The erosion of market discipline during the financial crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Hett, Florian; Schmidt, Alexander

    2013-01-01

    We show that market discipline, defined as the extent to which firm specific risk characteristics are re ected in market prices, eroded during the recent financial crisis in 2008. We design a novel test of changes in market discipline based on the relation between firm specific risk characteristics and debt-to-equity hedge ratios. We find that market discipline already weakened after the rescue of Bear Stearns before disappearing almost entirely after the failure of Lehman Brothers. The effec...

  11. Performance, competition and the dynamics of rules: the case of a financial market

    OpenAIRE

    Revest, Valérie

    2006-01-01

    This article explores the issue of the failure of the French New Market, a French Financial market, in the light of the dynamics of organisational rules between 1996 and 2005. The French New Market (FNM) was created in 1996 in order to finance European growing firms. After its creation, this market successively expanded, declined and finally disappeared in 2005. The dynamics testifies a lack of consistency and relevance in the rules during this period, given the identity and of the FNM. More ...

  12. Calibration of optimal execution of financial transactions in the presence of transient market impact

    OpenAIRE

    Busseti, Enzo; Lillo, Fabrizio

    2012-01-01

    Trading large volumes of a financial asset in order driven markets requires the use of algorithmic execution dividing the volume in many transactions in order to minimize costs due to market impact. A proper design of an optimal execution strategy strongly depends on a careful modeling of market impact, i.e. how the price reacts to trades. In this paper we consider a recently introduced market impact model (Bouchaud et al., 2004), which has the property of describing both th...

  13. A numeraire-free and original probability based framework for financial markets

    CERN Document Server

    Yan, J A

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce a numeraire-free and original probability based framework for financial markets. We reformulate or characterize fair markets, the optional decomposition theorem, superhedging, attainable claims and complete markets in terms of martingale deflators, present a recent result of Kramkov and Schachermayer (1999, 2001) on portfolio optimization and give a review of utility-based approach to contingent claim pricing in incomplete markets.

  14. Dynamical model of financial markets: fluctuating ‘temperature’ causes intermittent behavior of price changes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozuki, Naoki; Fuchikami, Nobuko

    2003-11-01

    We present a model of financial markets originally proposed for a turbulent flow, as a dynamic basis of its intermittent behavior. Time evolution of the price change is assumed to be described by Brownian motion in a power-law potential, where the ‘temperature’ fluctuates slowly. The model generally yields a fat-tailed distribution of the price change. Specifically a Tsallis distribution is obtained if the inverse temperature is ?2-distributed, which qualitatively agrees with intraday data of foreign exchange market. The so-called ‘volatility’, a quantity indicating the risk or activity in financial markets, corresponds to the temperature of markets and its fluctuation leads to intermittency.

  15. Dynamical model of financial markets fluctuating `temperature' causes intermittent behavior of price changes

    CERN Document Server

    Kozuki, N; Kozuki, Naoki; Fuchikami, Nobuko

    2002-01-01

    We present a model of financial markets originally proposed for a turbulent flow, as a dynamic basis of its intermittent behavior. Time evolution of the price change is assumed to be described by Brownian motion in a power-law potential, where the `temperature' fluctuates slowly. The model generally yields a fat-tailed distribution of the price change. Specifically a Tsallis distribution is obtained if the inverse temperature is $\\chi^{2}$-distributed, which qualitatively agrees with intraday data of foreign exchange market. The so-called `volatility', a quantity indicating the risk or activity in financial markets, corresponds to the temperature of markets and its fluctuation leads to intermittency.

  16. The Global Financial Crisis and Equity Markets in Middle East Oil Exporting Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Onour, Ibrahim

    2010-01-01

    This paper employs extreme downside risk measures to estimate the impact of the global financial crisis in 2008/2009 on equity markets in major oil producing Middle East countries. The results in the paper indicate the spillover effect of the global crisis varied from a country to another, but most hardly affected market among the group of six markets was Dubai financial market in which portfolio loss reached about 42 per cent. This indicates that Dubai debt crisis, which emerged on surface i...

  17. Reverse Engineering Financial Markets with Majority and Minority Games using Genetic Algorithms

    CERN Document Server

    Wiesinger, J; Satinover, J

    2010-01-01

    Using virtual stock markets with artificial interacting software investors, aka agent-based models (ABMs), we present a method to reverse engineer real-world financial time series. We model financial markets as made of a large number of interacting boundedly rational agents. By optimizing the similarity between the actual data and that generated by the reconstructed virtual stock market, we obtain parameters and strategies, which reveal some of the inner workings of the target stock market. We validate our approach by out-of-sample predictions of directional moves of the Nasdaq Composite Index.

  18. FDI and economic growth: new evidence on the role of financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    Azman-saini, w.n.w.; Law, Siong Hook; Ahmad, Abdul Halim

    2009-01-01

    This study uses a threshold regression model and finds new evidence that the positive impact of FDI on growth “kicks in” only after financial market development exceeds a threshold level. Until then, the benefit of FDI is non-existent.

  19. Could the Stability and Growth Pact be Substituted by the Financial Markets?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terezie Vyprachticka

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In the discussions on the need for fiscal rules and their usefulness in a monetary union, researchers have not agreed if financial markets have a sufficiently disciplining effect on governments, which would mean that the fiscal rules are not necessary. This paper investigates whether the European Union’s main fiscal rule, the Stability and Growth Pact, could be substituted by financial markets, taking into account the effects of the latest financial and economic crisis. The findings presented in this paper suggest that there is certain interaction between financial markets and governments' decisions on fiscal policies and that this reaction has become stronger after the beginning of the crisis. However, the institutional setup and market conditions in the European Union are such that this interaction is biased and thus the paper concludes that the Union needs to have fiscal rules.

  20. In the mind of the market: theory of mind biases value computation during financial bubbles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Martino, Benedetto; O'Doherty, John P; Ray, Debajyoti; Bossaerts, Peter; Camerer, Colin

    2013-09-18

    The ability to infer intentions of other agents, called theory of mind (ToM), confers strong advantages for individuals in social situations. Here, we show that ToM can also be maladaptive when people interact with complex modern institutions like financial markets. We tested participants who were investing in an experimental bubble market, a situation in which the price of an asset is much higher than its underlying fundamental value. We describe a mechanism by which social signals computed in the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex affect value computations in ventromedial prefrontal cortex, thereby increasing an individual's propensity to 'ride' financial bubbles and lose money. These regions compute a financial metric that signals variations in order flow intensity, prompting inference about other traders' intentions. Our results suggest that incorporating inferences about the intentions of others when making value judgments in a complex financial market could lead to the formation of market bubbles. PMID:24050407

  1. How Does the Financial Crisis Affect Volatility Behavior and Transmission Among European Stock Markets?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faten Ben Slimane

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The spread of the global financial crisis of 2008/2009 was rapid, and impacted the functioning and the performance of financial markets. Due to the importance of this phenomenon, this study aims to explain the impact of the crisis on stock market behavior and interdependence through the study of the intraday volatility transmission. This paper investigates the patterns of linkage dynamics among three European stock markets—France, Germany, and the UK—during the global financial crisis, by analyzing the intraday dynamics of linkages among these markets during both calm and turmoil phases. We apply a VAR-EGARCH (Vector Autoregressive Exponential General Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity framework to high frequency five-minute intraday returns on selected representative stock indices. We find evidence that interrelationship among European markets increased substantially during the period of crisis, pointing to an amplification of spillovers. In addition, during this period, French and UK markets herded around German market, possibly explained by behavior factors influencing the stock markets on or near dates of extreme events. Germany was identified as the hub of financial and economic activity in Europe during the period of study. These findings have important implications for both policymakers and investors by contributing to better understanding the transmission of financial shocks in Europe.

  2. European Integration, Labour Market Dynamics and Migration Flows

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martinoia, Michela

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper has two objectives. Firstly, we wish to evaluate whether a greater economic integration has effects, and of what type, on migration flows from Central and Eastern Europe (New Member States of the EU, NMS towards the fifteen countries of the European Union (EU-15. Secondly, we wish to understand what effect the migration flows from the NMS have on the labour market of the receiving countries in the EU-15. The most suitable theoretical context that seems to summarise European labour market characteristics is that of the insider/outsider model by Layard, Nickell and Jackman (Layard et al., 1991. We have modified the above mentioned model by introducing two innovations. Firstly, we constructed three measures that act as a proxy for economic integration: the Intra Regional Trade Index (IRTI, Global Trade Index (GTI and Financial Market Integration (FMI. Then we placed the three indicators into the insider/outsider model to arrive at a modified version of Layard, Nickell and Jackman (Layard et al., 1991. The second innovative contribution was the introduction of an equation modelling migration flows. The creation of this equation is inspired by the neo-classical approach to migration theory (Harris-Todaro, 1970. The theoretical model, based on rational expectations, has been solved to find the equilibrium solution and the impact multipliers. We then carried out an empirical analysis, which involved estimating a Structural Vector Autoregression Model (SVAR. The aim of this estimation was to evaluate, on the one hand, the effect that greater European integration (a positive shock to the integration indicators has on migration flows, and, on the other, to measure the type of effect that migration flows could have on the labour market of the EU-15 countries, considered as a single entity. The results of our empirical evidence show that economic integration does generate significant effects on migration flows from the enlargement countries towards the EU-15 countries. It also emerges that migration flows do generate an effect on the European labour market.

  3. Institutional and regulatory changes in the financial markets after the crisis emergence (2007-09)

    OpenAIRE

    Kaszowska, Jagoda Anna; Mancha Navarro, Tomás; Santos, Juan Luis

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we analyze the most likely and the most desirable developments in financial markets and in a broader sense, the most desirable regulation of the financial sector. The purpose of the essay is in fact to analyze the most important issues of financial regulation and to highlight that finding the most desirable solutions are particularly difficult. These difficulties come from purely technical reasons, the multi-dimensionality of the analyzed problems, but also some aspects of the m...

  4. Market failures and regulatory failures: Lessons from past and present financial crises

    OpenAIRE

    Acharya, Viral V.; Cooley, Thomas; Richardson, Matthew; Walter, Ingo

    2011-01-01

    The paper analyzes the financial crisis of through the lens of market failures and regulatory failures. We present a case that there were four primary failures contributing to the crisis: excessive risk-taking in the financial sector due to mispriced government guarantees; regulatory focus on individual institution risk rather than systemic risk; opacity of positions in financial derivatives that produced externalities from individual firm failures; and runs on the unregulated banking sector ...

  5. The Impact of Corporate Governance on the Market Value of Financial Institutions - Empirical Evidences from Italy

    OpenAIRE

    Bubbico, Rossana; GIORGINO, MARCO; Monda, Barbara

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyses how the quality of the corporate governance system impacts on the market value of the financial institutions listed on the Italian Stock Exchange. Implementing a good corporate governance is costly, therefore verifying whether the investment is worth its cost is a relevant issue. Despite the central role that financial institutions play in the real economy, there are few studies that focus specifically on the financial industry; filling this gap in literature is especiall...

  6. Financial Markets and the Behavior of Private Savings in Latin America

    OpenAIRE

    Rojas-Suárez, Liliana; Weisbrod, Steven R.

    1997-01-01

    This paper complements previous studies by arguing that the low private savings ratio in Latin America can be associated with the limited confidence of households and businesses in domestic financial institutions. Previous studies have established a relationship between private savings and financial markets either by using a measure of `financial depth` or a measure of `borrowing constraints. ` This paper offers an alternative view by claiming that the private savings rate relates positively ...

  7. The empirical analysis of dynamic relationship between financial intermediary connections and market return volatility

    OpenAIRE

    Karkowska, Renata

    2013-01-01

    Article aims to demonstrate the significant impact of dynamics of the relationship between financial intermediaries on the level of market volatility. Particularly important are the growing share of the links between hedge funds and other financial institutions. In order to demonstrate the dynamic test was presented Granger causality, which allows the statistical analysis of cause and effect relationships in the risk spread in the financial system. Using multiple regression analysis study ...

  8. Quantitative marketing research on the use of specialised financial advice by the segment of SMEs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae, C. M.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the results of a survey conducted among small and medium companies in Bra?ov County, on the frequency of using specialized financial advisory services. It highlights the typology and content of financial advisory services used by companies in the SME sector in Romania. The study results will underpin the construction of a marketing mix for financial advisory firms who intend to adapt their offer of services according to client profile.

  9. Quantitative marketing research on the use of specialised financial advice by the segment of SMEs

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolae, C. M.

    2013-01-01

    The article presents the results of a survey conducted among small and medium companies in Bra?ov County, on the frequency of using specialized financial advisory services. It highlights the typology and content of financial advisory services used by companies in the SME sector in Romania. The study results will underpin the construction of a marketing mix for financial advisory firms who intend to adapt their offer of services according to client profile.

  10. Energy market integration in South America

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article is a summary of presentations made during the 1997 Winter Meeting panel session on Power and Natural Gas in Latin America: Towards an Integrated Market. Reregulation and demand for energy resources to support economic growth are driving international natural gas and electricity exchange initiatives. Panelists focused on the gas and electric power industry in Latin America in terms of the: transport of gas or transmission of electricity; energy market integration in the southern cone of South America; and issues on gas use for electricity generation in South America countries. Countries such as Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru will export natural gas to Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay and Chile, an the energy matrices of these countries will change

  11. The Effect of Tick Size on Testing for Nonlinearity in Financial Markets Data

    OpenAIRE

    Heather Mitchell; Michael McKenzie

    2011-01-01

    The discrete nature of financial markets time-series data may prejudice the BDS and Close Returns test for nonlinearity. Our estimation results suggest that a tick/volatility ratio threshold exists, beyond which the test results are biased. Further, tick/volatility ratios that exceed these thresholds are frequently observed in financial markets data, which suggests that the results of the BDS and CR test must be interpreted with caution.

  12. Oil Prices and Financial Markets Activity: Empirical Evidence from Some MENA countries

    OpenAIRE

    Marwan Al-Nahleh; Khaled Al-Zaubi

    2011-01-01

    This study assesses empirically the effects of oil prices on financial markets activity of some MENA countries (Middle East & North Africa).We have chosen this subject to study aiming to find out and explain if there is a relationship between international oil prices and the prices of the listed securities in the financial markets of Middle East and North Africa. The countries that will be in the sample of analysis are Turkey, Jordan, Egypt, Morocco, Tunis, we targeted these countries of ...

  13. Financial Regulation in the Crisis Regulation, Market Discipline, Internal Control: The Big Three in turmoil

    OpenAIRE

    Couppey-Soubeyran, Jézabel

    2010-01-01

    The financial crisis has revealed the dysfunction of all banking and financial regulatory mechanisms. Prudential regulation failed to prevent the meltdown. Market discipline neglected to send any warning signals. Internal control was seriously undermined by doubtful dealings, in France as elsewhere. Does the crisis call the big three into question? No regulation mechanism is omniscient, whether it be state, market or self-regulation. As such, none of three can operate without the other two, w...

  14. Effects of Quantitative Easing on Asia: Capital Flows and Financial Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Cho, Dongchul; Rhee, Changyong

    2013-01-01

    This paper studies the effects of the United States' (US) quantitative easing on Asia by examining capital flows and financial markets. After the global financial crisis, Asian economies with more open and developed capital markets experienced greater swings in capital inflows. In particular, large capital flows were manifest more in portfolio investment and other investment such as bank loans than in foreign direct investment. Empirical analysis shows quantitative easing, in particular the f...

  15. A social welfare function characterizing competitive equilibria of incomplete financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    Tirelli, Mario; Turner, Sergio

    2008-01-01

    A classic characterization of competitive equilibria views them as feasible allocations maximizing a weighted sum of utilities. It has been applied to establish fundamental properties of the equilibrium notion, such as existence, determinacy, and computability. However, it fails for economies with missing financial markets. We give such a characterization for economies with missing financial markets, by an amended social welfare function. Its parameters capture both the relative importance of...

  16. Financial crisis spillovers to the corporate sector: Bank-dependent borrowers versus bond market paticipants

    OpenAIRE

    Marques, Ana Catarina Henriques Simões

    2013-01-01

    This paper provides empirical evidence on the impact that shocks to capital providers have on their borrowers’ performance. We use the recent financial crisis, which was originated in the U.S. mortgage market, as reasonably exogenous shock to the performance of European Union-based companies, therefore allowing us to disentangle credit supply and demand-side frictions. Our results show that bank-dependent firms were more adversely affected by the financial crisis in terms of stock market valu...

  17. Emerging markets and the international financial architecture: A blueprint for reform

    OpenAIRE

    Kregel, Jan

    2015-01-01

    If emerging markets are to achieve their objective of joining the ranks of industrialized, developed countries, they must use their economic and political influence to support radical change in the international financial system. This working paper recommends John Maynard Keynes's "clearing union" as a blueprint for reform of the international financial architecture that could address emerging market grievances more effectively than current approaches. Keynes's proposal for the postwar intern...

  18. Stock Market Development in Africa: do all macroeconomic financial intermediary determinants matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Asongu, Anutechia Simplice

    2010-01-01

    This study brings light to some financial intermediary development factors that could negate stock market development, as well as those that could improve it. Using a panel of eight countries, from 1989 to 2008, we derive indexes via Principal Component Analysis; based on which panel fixed effect regressions are performed. The principal edge of this work is that, in policy making, not all aspects of financial intermediary development should be prioritized for stock market development.

  19. A Vector Auto-Regress?ve (VAR) Model for the Turkish Financial Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Bayraci, Selcuk; Ari, Yakup; YILDIRIM, Yavuz

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we develop a vector autoregressive (VAR) model of the Turkish financial markets for the period of June 15 2006 – June 15 2010 and forecasts ISE100 index, TRY/USD exchange rate, and short-term interest rates. The out-of-sample forecast performance of the VAR model is compared with the results from the univariate models. Moreover, the dynamics of the financial markets are analyzed through Granger causality and impulse response analysis.

  20. Financial markets as a complex system: A short time scale perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Marschinski, Robert; Matassini, Lorenzo

    2001-01-01

    In this paper we want to discuss macroscopic and microscopic properties of financial markets. By analyzing quantitatively a database consisting of 13 minute per minute recorded financial time series, we identify some macroscopic statistical properties of the corresponding markets, with a special emphasize on temporal correlations. These analysis are performed by using both linear and nonlinear tools. Multivariate correlations are also tested for, which leads to the identification of a global ...

  1. The role of financial market structure and the trade elasticity for monetary policy in open economies

    OpenAIRE

    Rabitsch, Katrin

    2010-01-01

    The degree of international risk sharing matters for how monetary policy should optimally be conducted in an open economy. This is because risk sharing affects the way in which monetary policy is affected by terms of trade considerations. In a standard two-country model with monopolistic competition and nominal rigidities I consider different assumptions on international financial markets - complete markets, financial autarky and a bond economy - and a large region for the crucial parameter o...

  2. The Impact of Resource-Strategy Correspondence on Marketing Performance-Financial Performance Tradeoffs:

    OpenAIRE

    Furrer, Olivier.; Alexandre, M. T.; Sudharshan, D.

    2014-01-01

    We suggest that the relationships between strategy and financial performance and between strategy and marketing performance depend on the resource bundle and strategy of a firm. The better the correspondence between strategy and resource bundle, the better the performance. We empirically test and find support for this explanation. By building empirically calibrated models of the marketing and financial performance, we are able to show that, indeed, the optimum strategies for the two are not t...

  3. Solitary wave solutions of nonlinear financial markets: data-modeling-concept-practicing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Jin-Long; Ma, Fei-Te

    2007-07-01

    This paper seeks to solve the difficult nonlinear problem in financial markets on the complex system theory and the nonlinear dynamics principle, with the data-model-concept-practice issue-oriented reconstruction of the phase space by the high frequency trade data. In theory, we have achieved the differentiable manifold geometry configuration, discovered the Yang-Mills functional in financial markets, obtained a meaningful conserved quantity through corresponding space-time non-Abel localization gauge symmetry transformation, and derived the financial solitons, which shows that there is a strict symmetry between manifold fiber bundle and guage field in financial markets. In practical applications of financial markets, we have repeatedly carried out experimental tests in a fluctuant evolvement, directly simulating and validating the existence of solitons by researching the price fluctuations (society phenomena) using the same methods and criterion as in natural science and in actual trade to test the stock Guangzhou Proprietary and the futures Fuel Oil in China. The results demonstrate that the financial solitons discovered indicates that there is a kind of new substance and form of energy existing in financial trade markets, which likely indicates a new science paradigm in the economy and society domains beyond physics.

  4. Corn market integration in porfirian Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Dobado González , Rafael; Gustavo A. Marrero

    2004-01-01

    This paper deals with a polemic and relevant aspect of the economic history of Porfirian Mexico: the integration of agricultural domestic markets. Since corn was the staple product of the commercial agricultural sector and also the main subsistence crop, it is the protagonist of this story. Panel techniques, similar to those used by Barro and Sala-i-Martín (1992), are applied to a price convergence model. Our analysis reveals that Mexico was not an exception in the international panorama of m...

  5. Flexible reserve markets for wind integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez, Alisha R.

    The increased interconnection of variable generation has motivated the use of improved forecasting to more accurately predict future production with the purpose to lower total system costs for balancing when the expected output exceeds or falls short of the actual output. Forecasts are imperfect, and the forecast errors associated with utility-scale generation from variable generators need new balancing capabilities that cannot be handled by existing ancillary services. Our work focuses on strategies for integrating large amounts of wind generation under the flex reserve market, a market that would called upon for short-term energy services during an under or oversupply of wind generation to maintain electric grid reliability. The flex reserve market would be utilized for time intervals that fall in-between the current ancillary services markets that would be longer than second-to-second energy services for maintaining system frequency and shorter than reserve capacity services that are called upon for several minutes up to an hour during an unexpected contingency on the grid. In our work, the wind operator would access the flex reserve market as an energy service to correct for unanticipated forecast errors, akin to paying the generators participating in the market to increase generation during a shortfall or paying the other generators to decrease generation during an excess of wind generation. Such a market does not currently exist in the Mid-Atlantic United States. The Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland Interconnection (PJM) is the Mid-Atlantic electric grid case study that was used to examine if a flex reserve market can be utilized for integrating large capacities of wind generation in a lowcost manner for those providing, purchasing and dispatching these short-term balancing services. The following work consists of three studies. The first examines the ability of a hydroelectric facility to provide short-term forecast error balancing services via a flex reserve market, identifying the operational constraints that inhibit a multi-purpose dam facility to meet the desired flexible energy demand. The second study transitions from the hydroelectric facility as the decision maker providing flex reserve services to the wind plant as the decision maker purchasing these services. In this second study, methods for allocating the costs of flex reserve services under different wind policy scenarios are explored that aggregate farms into different groupings to identify the least-cost strategy for balancing the costs of hourly day-ahead forecast errors. The least-cost strategy may be different for an individual wind plant and for the system operator, noting that the least-cost strategy is highly sensitive to cost allocation and aggregation schemes. The latter may also cause cross-subsidies in the cost for balancing wind forecast errors among the different wind farms. The third study builds from the second, with the objective to quantify the amount of flex reserves needed for balancing future forecast errors using a probabilistic approach (quantile regression) to estimating future forecast errors. The results further examine the usefulness of separate flexible markets PJM could use for balancing oversupply and undersupply events, similar to the regulation up and down markets used in Europe. These three studies provide the following results and insights to large-scale wind integration using actual PJM wind farm data that describe the markets and generators within PJM. • Chapter 2 provides an in-depth analysis of the valuable, yet highly-constrained, energy services multi-purpose hydroelectric facilities can provide, though the opportunity cost for providing these services can result in large deviations from the reservoir policies with minimal revenue gain in comparison to dedicating the whole of dam capacity to providing day-ahead, baseload generation. • Chapter 3 quantifies the system-wide efficiency gains and the distributive effects of PJM's decision to act as a single balancing authority, which means that it procures ancill

  6. An Investigation of the Integrity of Internet Financial Reporting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barry Smith

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Since the mid 1990s, large companies have increasingly used the Internet to disclose business and financial information. Internet technology is regularly claimed to facilitate greater relevance and timeliness of business information. The integrity of information disclosed on corporate websites has, however, been subject to comparatively little scrutiny. This study focuses on the integrity of Internet Financial Reporting (IFR by reference to the adequacy of underlying corporate governance procedures. Using a sample of 100 large European companies, a questionnaire survey was used to identify whether or not governance procedures that specifically address the distinguishing features of web-based financial reporting are used by large companies. The results confirm the trend identified in prior research of increasing Internet usage to replicate paper-based financial information. Responses to the questionnaire also suggest that concerns about the integrity of IFR are justified. Erroneous assumptions and assertions by respondents regarding the security of IFR, in addition to knowledge of work undertaken by external auditors indicate limited engagement with IFR by management of large European companies. The conclusion of this study is that the governance framework surrounding IFR has received insufficient managerial attention.

  7. Reporting of Non-Financial Performance Indicators – a Useful Tool for a Sustainable Marketing Strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Calu

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The current research has as objective to identify the reporting practices of non-financial information through the indicators proposed by the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI and the degree in which, for marketing purposes, there is a preference for the communication on positive aspects. In this respect we used the information published into the non-financial reports of 19 organizations that had adhered to the pilot programme of the International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC. We selected a number of 30 environment and social indicators reflecting both positive and negative aspects, and we analysed the manner in which they are presented within the reports published by the organizations, following the activities to be taken into consideration for the development of a sustainable marketing strategy: supply – production – distribution. The results of the study emphasized the fact that, regardless of the sector where the organizations run their activity, though there is no homogenous display, they report mainly the indicators presenting positive information 53 %, whereas the indicators presenting negative information are reported only in proportion of 33%. The organizations holding information regarding suppliers’ sustenability emphasize this aspect in order to create a brand value whereas the rest of the organizations state that they shall proceed to such evaluations in the future. Interpreting these results through the agency of the institutional theory leads to the conclusion that certain organizations’ option to voluntarily report according to a certain referential is carried out mainly in order to obtain rightfulness. Moreover, the sustainable conduct adopted by the main market competitors generates a mimetic-type isomorphism

  8. The social construction of real estate market risk. The case of a financial investments cluster in Mexico City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louise David

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This article contributes to the study of the geographical concentration of financial investments in real estate markets. It demonstrates the social construction process at work in the evolution of real estate market risks. The objective is to highlight the conditions that allow or impede the implementation of ‘opportunistic’ and ‘conservative’ risk strategies. By analyzing the market entry of financial investors in the Cuautitlan industrial real estate market - an ‘emerging’ real estate market in Mexico City - this paper demonstrates that, due to the joint action of land developers, non-financial as well as financial real estate investors, this market moved from being ‘too risky’ to becoming an opportunistic market, and then a conservative one. There were two important phases in the transformation process. First, the contribution of land developers was fundamental to the transformation of the market from being too risky to being opportunistic from the perspective of financial investors. Two different types of land developers are evident: some are not willing to help financial investors’ entry in the market while others developed a business plan designed to facilitate financial investments. In the second phase of the market’s risks transformation, opportunistic financial investors enabled the conditions for the arrival of conservative financial investors, thanks to their presence in emerging markets and the diffusion of information.

  9. Mitigating corporate water risk: Financial market tools and supply management

    OpenAIRE

    Wendy M. Larson; Paul L. Freedman; Viktor Passinsky; Edward Grubb; Peter Adriaens

    2012-01-01

    A decision framework for business water-risk response is proposed that considers financial instruments and supply management strategies. Based on available and emergent programmes, companies in the agricultural, commodities, and energy sectors may choose to hedge against financial risks by purchasing futures contracts or insurance products. These strategies address financial impacts such as revenue protection due to scarcity and disruption of direct operations or in the supply chain, but they...

  10. Accessing rural finance, The rural financial market in Northern Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Dufhues, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    During the transition of the Vietnamese economy, adaptation of the financial system was one of the most challenging reforms. A major task of this reform was to expand the financial systems outreach to the emerging private sector and household (HH) economies, especially in rural areas. Therefore, state-owned financial intermediaries such as the Vietnam Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (VBARD) and the Vietnam Bank for the Poor (VBP) have been established. Despite general successes in ...

  11. Transaction of the Derivated Financial Products on the Romanian Capital Market. Advantages and Risks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dalia Simion

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The volatility and the uncertainty are extended in the global world, being favorised of the vast proportion of the internet and by the IT development. The volatility and the uncertainty are contributing to the apperance of the speculative movements that increase the posibilities of the price overestimation of some financial actives on the new markets. The overestimated and optimistic foretell on the flow of some stock exchange deeds, on the new markets, lead to the collapse of the flow and to the fast migration of the capital on the other markets, reason for which the economy of some countries or big areas could be destroied. Taking all this into account the development of the opperations with derivated financial instruments have offerd for the market participants bothe the posibility of hedging and a way of speculation. There are advantages and also disadvantages resulted from the derivated use. The derivated market, similar with the financial markets, either creates welfare, or destroies it, because provides a way to transfer the risk. The derivated help the financial markets to become more eficient and also offers better opportunities for the risk management. There is the posibility that the failure of some big transactions with derivates to lead at the appearance of a systemic risk that could spread inside the financial system.

  12. Markets, Bodies, Rhythms : A Rhythmanalysis of Financial Markets from Open-outcry Trading to High-frequency Trading

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borch, Christian; Bondo Hansen, Kristian

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the relationship between bodily rhythms and market rhythms in two distinctly different financial market configurations, namely the open-outcry pit (prevalent especially in the early 20th century) and present-day high-frequency trading. Drawing on Henri Lefebvre's rhythmanalysis, we show how traders seek to calibrate their bodily rhythms to those of the market. We argue that, in the case of early-20th-century open-outcry trading pits, traders tried to enact a total merger of bodily and market rhythms. We also demonstrate how, in the 1920s and '30s, market observers began to respond to a widely perceived problem, namely that market rhythms might be contagious and that some form of separation of bodily and market rhythms might therefore be needed. Finally, we show how current high-frequency trading, despite being purely algorithmic, does not render the traders' bodies irrelevant. Yet high-frequency trading does change the role of the body rather than seeking to attune their bodies to the markets, high-frequency traders seek to calibrate their bodies to their algorithms. While the article demonstrates the usefulness of deploying Lefebvre's rhythmanalysis in analyses of financial markets, it also suggests that high-frequency trading in particular might produce new types of market rhythms that, contra Lefebvre, do not revolve around traders' bodies.

  13. An Approach of Bio-inspired Hybrid Model for Financial Markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simi?, Dragan; Gaji?, Vladeta; Simi?, Svetlana

    Biological systems are inspiration for the design of optimisation and classification models. Applying various forms of bio-inspired algorithms may be a very high-complex system. Modelling of financial markets is challenging for several reasons, because many plausible factors impact on it. An automated trading on financial market is not a new phenomenon. The model of bio-inspired hybrid adaptive trading system based on technical indicators usage by grammatical evolution and moving window is presented in this paper. The proposed system is just one of possible bio-inspired system which can be used in financial forecast, corporate failure prediction or bond rating company.

  14. Market Integration, Return and Volatility Dynamics: Empirical Evidence from African Stock Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Kashif Saleem; Mikael Collan; Sheraz Ahmed; Antwi Kofi Gyasi

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the extent of integration of liberalized African equity markets with the US, the world, the BRIC countries, and other emerging markets. Specifically, we examine the relationship between seven African markets, namely those of Kenya, South Africa, Mauritius, Tunisia, Egypt, Zambia, and Morocco with the World market index and the US market index. In addition, the relationship between the African markets and the BRIC countries, and the Emerging Market Index is analyzed. We inv...

  15. Regulation and electricity market integration: When trade introduces inefficiencies

    OpenAIRE

    BILLETTE DE VILLEMEUR, Etienne; Pineau, Pierre-Olivier

    2012-01-01

    Electricity markets vary greatly across jurisdictions, in terms of regulatory institutions, cost levels and environmental impacts. Integrating such different markets can lead to significant changes. This paper considers two jurisdictions - one with a regulated monopoly selling at average cost and one with a competitive market - and compares three different institutional regimes: autarky, a mixed-market structure with trade and a fully integrated market, where electricity is sold at marginal c...

  16. EFFECT OF THE WORLD FINANCIAL CRISIS ON REAL ESTATE MARKET IN TERMS OF POLAND AND UKRAINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JANUSZ RYBAK

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The article studies the world financial crisis effect on real estate markets in Poland and Ukraine. It will help to deepen learning laws and peculiarities of real estate markets performance in the countries and to develop events which foster both stabilizing and their future progress.

  17. Prospect for the oil market as a consequence of the financial crisis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Peak Oil Netherlands Foundation shines its light on the consequences of the financial crisis for the global oil market and the relation between oil prices and the credit crisis; short term supply and demand on the oil market; supply and demand of petroleum up to 2015; the volatility of the oil price and the meaning of volatility for the energy transition [mk

  18. Integrated Strategic Planning of Global Production Networks and Financial Hedging under Uncertain Demands and Exchange Rates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achim Koberstein

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present a multi-stage stochastic programming model that integrates financial hedging decisions into the planning of strategic production networks under uncertain exchange rates and product demands. This model considers the expenses of production plants and the revenues of markets in different currency areas. Financial portfolio planning decisions for two types of financial instruments, forward contracts and options, are represented explicitly by multi-period decision variables and a multi-stage scenario tree. Using an illustrative example, we analyze the impact of exchange-rate and demand volatility, the level of investment expenses and interest rate spreads on capacity location and dimensioning decisions. In particular, we show that, in the illustrative example, the exchange-rate uncertainty cannot be completely eliminated by financial hedging in the presence of demand uncertainty. In this situation, we find that the integrated model can result in better strategic planning decisions for a risk-averse decision maker compared to traditional modeling approaches.

  19. Quantitative marketing research on behavior of the small and medium companies on financial advisory services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duguleana, L.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of quantitative marketing research conducted among small and medium enterprises in Bra?ov County. The research identified organizational elements of the consumer behavior in the use of the financial advisory services. The objective is to determine whether there is association between firm size and the number of financial advice services outsourced. Results of the study will be based construction of the price policy for financial advisory firms, tailored to the financial constraints faced by small and medium enterprises in Romania.

  20. Transaction costs and informational cascades in financial markets: theory and experimental evidence

    OpenAIRE

    Cipriani, M; Guarino, A.

    2006-01-01

    We study the effect of transaction costs (e.g., a trading fee or a transaction tax, like the Tobin tax) on the aggregation of private information in financial markets. We analyze a financial market à la Glosten and Milgrom, in which informed and uninformed traders trade in sequence with a market maker. Traders have to pay a cost in order to trade. We show that, eventually, all informed traders decide not to trade, independently of their private information, i.e., an informat...