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Sample records for financial market integration

  1. Financial Market Integration in a Monetary Union

    Buch, Claudia M

    2001-01-01

    Financial markets in Euroland differ from those of a national monetary union in two regards. First, capital markets in general and banking markets in particular show a greater degree of segmentation than national financial markets as a result of information costs and regulatory barriers to full integration. Second, financial market structures differ among the members of Euroland, which potentially affects the transmission of (monetary) shocks. This paper provides a simple model of a currency ...

  2. Financial integration in emerging market economies

    Pasricha, Gurnain

    2008-01-01

    This paper analyzes the de-facto integration in some Emerging Market Economies based on behavior of deviations from Covered Interest Parities in the last 10 years. It tests for modified market efficiency conditions in the presence of real world frictions and arrives at a single measure of de-facto integration for some Emerging Market Economies in the post-globalization era. An Asymmetric Self Exciting Threshold Autoregressive model (SETAR) is used to estimate bands of speculative inaction. Ma...

  3. Recent policies for financial market integration in Indonesia

    Sell, Friedrich L.

    1987-01-01

    In most developing countries financial markets are still highly fragmented and dualistic (Nunnenkamp 1985, p. 20). This is considered as a hindering factor to economic development. The rationale behind this is the view shared by most economists that a higher level of financial integration c.p. lowers intermediation costs, encourages competition and improves the allocation of loanable funds throughout the economy.

  4. Financial Market Integration of South Asian Countries: Panel data Analysis

    Mohsin, H; Rivers, P

    2010-01-01

    According to Frankel (1992) in order to find financial integration from Feldstein Horoika (FH, 1980) model, the real interest parity must hold. This paper estimates the degree of financial market integration of South Asian countries i.e. Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal with both the techniques. The study finds some degree of integration with FH model has which increased after 1990s, post liberalization period. Furthermore, Panel Unit Root techniques i.e. LLC, IPS and Hadri ha...

  5. Economic and financial integration in emerging markets: A European policy

    Theodoropoulos Theodore E.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper extends to test if the same short-run increase in cyclical volatility arising from financial integration is observed in this specific sample of "emerging markets". This work finds signs that, contrary to other emerging markets, this does not happen: for the future member states financial integration, similarly to the outcome observed in mature market economies, reduces cyclical volatility both in the short and in the long run. Weak indications are found that this may happen partially due to the anchoring of expectations provided by the EU Accession, and to the more robust institutional framework imposed by this process onto the countries in question.

  6. Protecting Financial Market Integrity: Roles and Responsibilities of Auditors

    P.A.M. Diekman (Peter)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractWaarom heeft u nog vertrouwen in een bank? En waarom vertrouwt u uw geld nog toe aan banken? Deze vragen staan centraal in de oratie ‘Protecting Financial Market Integrity. Roles and Responsibilities of Auditors' van prof.dr. Peter A.M. Diekman RA. Hij stelt dat zowel de intern als de op

  7. The Kurzweil integral in financial market modeling

    Krejčí, Pavel; Lamba, H.; Monteiro, Giselle Antunes; Rachinskii, D.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 141, č. 2 (2016), s. 261-286. ISSN 0862-7959 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA15-12227S Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : hysteresis * Prandtl-Ishlinskii operator * Kurzweil integral Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics http://hdl.handle.net/10338.dmlcz/145715

  8. On the integration of financial markets: How strong is the evidence from five international stock markets?

    Bentes, Sónia R.

    2015-07-01

    This paper examines the integration of financial markets using data from five international stock markets in the context of globalization. The theoretical basis of this study relies on the price theory and the Law of One Price, which was adjusted to the framework of financial markets. When price levels are nonstationary, cointegration and the error correction model constitute a powerful tool for the empirical examination of market integration. The error correction model provides a fully dynamic framework that allows to separating the long and the short run effects of the integration process. A dataset encompassing the daily stock price series of the PSI 20 (Portugal), IBEX 35 (Spain), FTSE 100 (UK), NIKKEI 225 (Japan) and SP 500 (US) indices from January 4th 1999 to September 19th 2014 is employed. The results highlight that these five stock markets are linked together by just one long-run relationship, although short-run movements are also present, which causes distinct deviations from the long-run equilibrium relationship. Endogeneity prevails in the system as a whole. While market integration in the sense of the Law of One Price holds, pairwise full price transmission has limited evidence. The results therefore show that stock market price movements are highly nonlinear and complex.

  9. Financial development and investment market integration: An approach of underlying financial variables & indicators for corporate governance growth empirical approach

    Vojinovič Borut

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Financial development is correlated with several underlying regulatory variables (such as indicators of investor protection, market transparency variables for corporate governance growth and rules for capital market development, which are under the control of national legislators and EU directives. This paper provides estimates of the relationship between financial market development and corporate growth and assesses the impact of financial market integration on this relationship with reference to European Union (EU countries. The regression results obtained using this panel support the hypothesis that financial development promotes growth particularly in industries that are more financially dependent on external finance. For policy purposes, analyzing changes in these regulatory variables may be a more interesting exercise than analyzing integration of the financial systems themselves. Since assuming that EU countries will raise its regulatory and legal standards to the U.S. standards appears unrealistic, in this case we examine a scenario where EU countries raise their standards to the highest current EU standard.

  10. Research network on capital markets and financial integration in Europe : results and experience after two years

    European Central Bank ; Center for Financial Studies (CFS)

    2008-01-01

    In April 2002 the European Central Bank (ECB) and the Center for Financial Studies (CFS) launched the ECB-CFS Research Network to promote research on “Capital Markets and Financial Integration in Europe”. The ECB-CFS research network aims at stimulating top-level and policy-relevant research, significantly contributing to the understanding of the current and future structure and integration of the financial system in Europe and its international linkages with the United States and Japan. This...

  11. Financial integration and the transparency of firms in emerging capital markets

    Zhang, Qiyu; Beekes, Wendy; Brown, Philip

    2014-01-01

    We examine the association between financial integration and capital market transparency of emerging-market firms. We use four intra-year price timeliness measures derived from the Beekes and Brown (2006, 2007) methods as indicators of the firm’s transparency. The sample comprises 57,465 firm-year observations on listed companies in 24 emerging economies over the period 1995-2010. As expected, we find that greater financial integration is associated with greater transparency, and that the eff...

  12. The Impacts of the Global Financial Crisis on Stock Market Integration and Hedging Effectiveness : Evidence from Six Selected Asian Markets

    Mponeja, Grace Faustine

    2013-01-01

    The 2007-2009 Global Financial Crisis (GFC) is documented to have marked a tremendous decline in Asian stock market prices and, at the same time, increased the trading volume of the Asian stock index futures contracts. While this decline in stock markets has brought an eminent concern on the Asian stock market integration with developed markets like the US, the increase in trading volume of stock index futures has raised a special interest to know how effective these Asian futures markets wer...

  13. INTEGRATION OF EUROPEAN FINANCIAL MARKETS AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 21ST CENTURY

    Madalina Antoaneta RADOI

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The latest four decades have marked by their width, speed and radicality a true “revolution” on the financial market, a transformation and restructuring of financial services, of financial instruments which were used, of transaction systems, but also of competitive processes. The importance that should be given to such transformations of financial systems is given, as well, by their impact, both at the micro- and at the macro- levels, on the economy as a whole.The evolution of the European financial market at the beginning of the 21st century has followed the general trend of global markets. As a main tendency of financial market restructuring at the European level we should keep in mind the fact that there was an opening towards private financing according to the American model, due to the necessity to attract international capital resources, a process which is still ongoing.The integration of the European financial markets at the beginning of the 21st century follows the general process of financial globalization which develops rapidly on several structures of financial systems.

  14. STOCK EXCHANGE MARKETS INTEGRATION – A CAUSE OF QUASI-SIMULTANEOUS TRANSMISSION OF FINANCIAL CRISIS

    SABAU-POPA CLAUDIA DIANA

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Financial mondialization designate the enlargement movement and the opening of capital markets at a global level which began at the beginning of the ´70s. Because of the capital markets integration, the economies are more and more exposed to the common im

  15. Sovereign bond market integration: the euro, trading platforms and financial crises

    Schulz, Alexander; Wolff , Guntram B.

    2009-01-01

    We disentangle different driving factors of sovereign bond market integration by studying yield co-movements of EMU countries, the UK, the US and 16 German states (Länder) since 1992. At a low frequency bond market integration has increased gradually in the course of the last 15 years in EMU countries, as well as the UK, the US and the German Länder. The current financial turmoil has abated low frequency euroarea sovereign bond bond market integration, while it has had little effect on the ...

  16. Time series analysis of the developed financial markets' integration using visibility graphs

    Zhuang, Enyu; Small, Michael; Feng, Gang

    2014-09-01

    A time series representing the developed financial markets' segmentation from 1973 to 2012 is studied. The time series reveals an obvious market integration trend. To further uncover the features of this time series, we divide it into seven windows and generate seven visibility graphs. The measuring capabilities of the visibility graphs provide means to quantitatively analyze the original time series. It is found that the important historical incidents that influenced market integration coincide with variations in the measured graphical node degree. Through the measure of neighborhood span, the frequencies of the historical incidents are disclosed. Moreover, it is also found that large "cycles" and significant noise in the time series are linked to large and small communities in the generated visibility graphs. For large cycles, how historical incidents significantly affected market integration is distinguished by density and compactness of the corresponding communities.

  17. RECENT TRENDS IN GLOBAL FINANCIAL MARKETS

    Zakharova, M.

    2013-01-01

    The article highlights current financial market trends, such as integration, securitization and more sophisticated derivative markets. The process of financial market integration is described. The factors stimulating the securitization market are studied. The reasons for financial markets inefficiency are defined. Partial recovery of financial markets against the general instability of the sector is noted. Key government initiatives fostering soundness, sustainability, transparency and co-ope...

  18. European sovereign bond spreads: monetary unification, market conditions and financial integration.

    Georgoutsos, Dimitris A.; Petros Migiakis

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we examine the dynamics of European sovereign bond yield spreads focusing on issues related to financial integration and market conditions. The finding of near-unit-root effects highlights the need for careful econometric specification. Thus we formulate sovereign bond yield spreads, for eleven EMU countries against the Bund for the period 1992:1-2009:12, as AR(1) processes, while allowing for regime switching effects, along the lines of a Markovian probabilistic specification. ...

  19. Financial integration of stock markets among new EU member states and the euro area

    Babetskii, Ian; Komárek, L.; Komárková, Z.

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 57, 7-8 (2007), s. 341-362. ISSN 0015-1920 Grant ostatní: GA ČR(CZ) GA402/05/2758 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70850503 Keywords : financial integration * stock markets * European Union Subject RIV: AH - Economics Impact factor: 0.382, year: 2007 http://journal.fsv.cuni.cz/storage/1083_fau_7_8_2007_000000000039.pdf

  20. Welfare effects of financial integration

    Hartmann, Philipp; Grüner, Hans Peter; Fecht, Falko

    2007-01-01

    This paper compares four forms of inter-regional financial risk sharing: (i) segmentation, (ii) integration trough the secured interbank market, (ii) integration trough the unsecured interbank market, (iv) integration of retail markets. The secured interbank market is an optimal risk-sharing device when banks report liquidity needs truthfully. It allows diversification without the risk of cross-regional financial contagion. However, free-riding on the liquidity provision in this market restra...

  1. Spillover Effects on Government Bond Yields in Euro Zone. Does Full Financial Integration Exist in European Government Bond Markets?

    Balli, Faruk

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the time varying nature of European government bond market integration by employing multivariate GARCH models. We state that unlike other bond markets, in euro markets the default(credit) risk factor and other macroeconomic and fiscal indicators are not able to explain the sovereign bond yields after the beginning of monetary union. This fact might be counted as a signal for perfect financial integration. However, we also find that the global shocks affect Germany and the ...

  2. European financial integration and the 1992 challenge: is the market approach sufficient?

    M. SARCINELLI

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The new phase of European integration is being developed in parallel with a gradual strengthening of international cooperation in the field of macroeconomics. This has coincided with the rejection of positions that reflected the belief that markets were self-regulating and an over-confidence in the rationality of expectations. Indeed, the emergence and worsening of fiscal, trade and payments imbalances with foreign countries has led to a reconsideration of the approach to the problems of international economic policy. The present article looks at the financial aspects of integration in the prospect of the 1992 objectives, and Italy’s role within this context. After recalling the main features of the process of European integration, the implications of the liberalisation of capital movements and financial services for banks and for Italian agents are analysed. The author argues that although markets may determine productivity gains and efficiency, it would be imprudent to entrust them with distributing them fairly and compensating those who are disadvantaged.  

  3. Financial Services Marketing.

    Olson, Lucretia Maria

    This manual contains student assignments in the financial services area of the marketing process. The individualized competency-based materials are intended to enhance and supplement instruction or to provide the basis for a course of instruction by the teacher-coordinator. Information on skills needed in jobs in financial marketing is first…

  4. Financial integration in emerging market economies: Effects on volatility transmission and contagion

    Aymen Ben Rejeb

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to examine the volatility relationship that exists between emerging and developed markets in normal times and in times of financial crises. The Vector Autoregressive methodology and the Bai and Perron (2003a, 2003b's technique are used. The paper results lead to very interesting conclusions. First, it has been found that volatility spillovers are effective across financial markets. Second, it has been proven that geographical proximity is of great importance in amplifying the volatility transmission. Finally, it has been shown that financial liberalization contributes significantly in amplifying the international transmission of volatility and the risk of contagion.

  5. Net Capital Flows, Financial Integration, and International Reserve Holdings: The Recent Experience of Emerging Markets and Advanced Economies

    Woon Gyu Choi; Sunil Sharma; Maria Strömqvist

    2009-01-01

    The paper examines the link between net capital flows and international reserves emphasizing the external financing of reserve accumulation in the context of increasing international financial integration. The paper finds that the effect of net capital flows on reserve accumulation has shifted from negative to positive for emerging markets but not for advanced countries. The empirical results suggest that in recent years emerging markets, with concerns about sudden stops in capital flows, hav...

  6. Testing Integration Effects Between the Cee and U.S. Stock Markets During the 2007–2009 Global Financial Crisis

    Olbryś Joanna

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The main goal of this paper is to explicitly test a research hypothesis that there was no integration effect among the U.S. and the eight Central and Eastern European (CEE stock markets during the 2007-2009 Global Financial Crisis (GFC. As growing international integration could lead to a progressive increase in cross-market correlations, the evaluation of integration was carried out by applying equality tests of correlation matrices computed over non-overlapping subsamples: the pre-crisis and crisis periods, in the group of investigated markets. The crisis periods are formally established based on a statistical method of dividing market states into bullish and bearish markets. The sample period May 2004-April 2014 includes the 2007 U.S. subprime financial crisis. The robustness analysis of the integration tests with respect to various data frequencies is provided. The empirical results are not homogeneous and they depend both on the integration test and data frequency. Consequently, it is not possible to conclude whether integration between the investigated markets is present.

  7. Financial Innovations in International Financial Markets

    Richard M. Levich

    1987-01-01

    The central theme of this paper is that financial innovation has become a major force effecting the United States and other developed economies. The common features of the process include product innovation, securitization, liberalization of domestic financial market practices, globalization of markets, and increased competition among financial institutions. The paper offers a review of the product and process changes that have occurred in international financial markets, an analysis of the f...

  8. Emerging Markets, Financial Openness and Financial Development

    Wei Huang

    2006-01-01

    We examine the effect of financial openness on the development of financial systems in a panel of 35 emerging markets during the period of 1976 to 2003. A group of indicators including variables from banking sector, stock market, and national capital accounts are used as measures of financial openness and financial development. In addition, aggregate index measures are developed to incorporate information from different areas of the financial system. Our empirical results generally suggest th...

  9. Communication impacting financial markets

    Vitting Andersen, Jørgen; Vrontos, Ioannis; Dellaportas, Petros; Galam, Serge

    2014-10-01

    Since the attribution of the Nobel prize in 2002 to Kahneman for prospect theory, behavioral finance has become an increasingly important subfield of finance. However the main parts of behavioral finance, prospect theory included, understand financial markets through individual investment behavior. Behavioral finance thereby ignores any interaction between participants. We introduce a socio-financial model (Vitting Andersen J. and Nowak A., An Introduction to Socio-Finance (Springer, Berlin) 2013) that studies the impact of communication on the pricing in financial markets. Considering the simplest possible case where each market participant has either a positive (bullish) or negative (bearish) sentiment with respect to the market, we model the evolution of the sentiment in the population due to communication in subgroups of different sizes. Nonlinear feedback effects between the market performance and changes in sentiments are taken into account by assuming that the market performance is dependent on changes in sentiments (e.g., a large sudden positive change in bullishness would lead to more buying). The market performance in turn has an impact on the sentiment through the transition probabilities to change an opinion in a group of a given size. The idea is that if for example the market has observed a recent downturn, it will be easier for even a bearish minority to convince a bullish majority to change opinion compared to the case where the meeting takes place in a bullish upturn of the market. Within the framework of our proposed model, financial markets stylized facts such as volatility clustering and extreme events may be perceived as arising due to abrupt sentiment changes via ongoing communication of the market participants. The model introduces a new volatility measure which is apt of capturing volatility clustering and from maximum-likelihood analysis we are able to apply the model to real data and give additional long term insight into where a market is

  10. Turbocharging the Financial Markets

    2006-01-01

    Introduction of new financial instruments may not put China’s markets in the fast lane just yet, a market analyst warns China has introduced new sources of leverage into the financial system, which will enable participants to have "new opportunities both to hedge their bets and lever them up using futures, options and margin trading," according to Mark A DeWeaver, a research analyst in Shenzhen who now manages a fund investing in Asian equities called Quantrarian Asia Hedge. He compares these measures to "turbocharging a car," which he says can damage it if the engine’s basic structure cannot handle the pressure. His main ideas follow:

  11. Market liquidity and financial stability.

    CROCKETT, A.

    2008-01-01

    Stability in financial institutions and in financial markets are closely intertwined. Banks and other financial institutions need liquid markets through which to conduct risk management. And markets need the back-up liquidity lines provided by financial institutions. Market liquidity depends not only on objective, exogenous factors, but also on endogenous market dynamics. Central banks responsible for systemic stability need to consider how far their traditional responsibility for the health ...

  12. Banking Crises and Financial Integration

    Caballero, Julian

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores whether the level of financial integration of banks in a country increases the incidence of systemic banking crises. The paper uses a de facto proxy for financial integration based on network statistics of banks participating in the global market of interbank syndicated loans. Specifically, the network statistics degree and betweenness are used to proxy for the de facto integration of the average bank in a country. The paper fits a count data model in the cross-section for...

  13. Financial Market: Sector Strategy (2000)

    Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

    2000-01-01

    This Financial Market Development Strategy (GN-1948-3) has been prepared to assist IDB staff in the process of supporting financial market development, as financial markets provide the appropriate environment for capital mobilization to profitable investment opportunities. The IDB must strive for balance with a continued concentration on the establishment of efficient and effective, safe and sound banking systems, while pursuing opportunities to motivate nonbank financial markets, institution...

  14. Integration between the Romanian and the Euro Area Financial Markets and its Impact on the Growth Rate of Romanian Listed Companies

    Maricica Moscalu

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims at investigating the impact of integration between the Romanian and the euro area financial markets, with focus on the banking and stock market segments, on the growth rate of Romanian listed firms. Previous research has showed that financial integration accelerates growth especially for firms acting in industries more dependent on external finance. The paper uses quarterly firm-level data and a panel fixed effects model in order to control for firm heterogeneity. The model specification controls for firm-level attributes and the development in the two segments of the domestic financial market. The paper brings evidence on the significant impact of financial integration on firms’ growth with regard to both price- and volume-based measures. Integration in banking markets positively impacts on growth while integration in stock markets seems to tighten firm’s growth opportunities. Additionally, the Gibrat’s law is rejected. The findings have implications on researchers and Romanian policy makers alike. They call for action to deepen the integration in the banking markets. The paper contributes to the debate on the relationship between financial development and financial integration respectively, on growth in an emerging economy.

  15. Reconfiguring the Financial Markets

    Ion Bucur

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The debut of the new millennium is marked by the increased economic and social imbalances. An important task of economic science is to identify the causes and factors that contributed to the radical transformation of the unfolding conditions of economic activity. The existence of different perspectives to approach the new realities may offer greater opportunities for decrypting the conditions that generated so far unknown developments, as well as for shaping solutions to promote new paths of progress and civilization. The defining with profound implications on the economy and society is represented by the globalization. From this perspective, we have analysed the new dimensions of capital accumulation and economic growth in the context of deregulation and liberalization of the international capital movements. In this context, we have noticed the increasing influence of the financial markets on the economy, the tendency to remove the finances from the real economy requirements, the growing role of external financing using more volatile capital goods, increased competition regarding the access to financing, the significant increase of power of the international capital markets whose characteristic is represented by the increased instability, the implications of the investors’ obsession with an excessive profitableness of their own funds and the expansion of using sophisticated financial products. Realities of today’s financial markets, which are the subject of numerous studies and analysis, have contributed to the association of the arguments that are contesting the thesis on the virtues of self-regulation markets and promoting a new paradigm, within which finances should subordinate the requirements of a balanced and sustained economic growth.

  16. Markets for financial transmission rights

    Results of a survey of markets for financial transmission rights that facilitate competitive, open and non-discriminatory electricity market design are discussed. Specifically, the survey covered Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland (PJM), New York, California, New England, Texas and New Zealand. The main emphasis was on the PJM and the New York markets, since they are the most mature. Interwowen with the results is a thorough discussion of the properties, features and the design of financial transaction rights in the various jurisdictions, the advantages, disadvantages and market performance of financial transmission rights, market performance criteria, and the mechanism for acquiring financial transmission rights. 49 refs., 14 tabs., 6 figs

  17. Forecasting financial market activity using a semiparametric fractionally integrated Log-ACD

    Yuanhua Feng; Chen Zhou

    2013-01-01

    This paper discusses forecasting of long memory and a nonparametric scale function in nonnegative financial processes based on a fractionally integrated Log-ACD (FI-Log-ACD) and its semiparametric extension (Semi-FI-Log-ACD). Necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of a stationary solution of the FI-Log-ACD are obtained. Properties of this model under log-normal assumption are summarized. A linear predictor based on the truncated AR(oo) form of the logarithmic process is propose...

  18. FINANCIAL MARKETING CHALLENGES FOR THE ROMANIAN MARKET

    Oana PREDA

    2013-01-01

    The reason I choose to analyze this issue is the fact that the proper functioning of the market economy is based on a solid and profitable banking financial system. The experience of the last 20 years in corroboration with the global financial crisis shows that banks in our country must face the challenges coming from both the international market and especially the national market. In this context, it becomes increasingly clear that to obtain a good market positioning (which will automatical...

  19. The Nordic financial electricity market

    2010-11-15

    NordREG is a cooperation of the Nordic energy regulators. The mission is to actively promote legal and institutional framework and conditions necessary for developing the Nordic and European electricity markets. The financial market is an important market for market participants to mitigate their risks. By providing tools for risk management, the financial market contributes to the efficient functioning of both wholesale and end-user markets. NordREG decided during 2009 to undertake a study on the Nordic financial electricity market. The aim of the report is to consider whether any improvements can be made to further increase the efficiency of the Nordic financial electricity market in order to secure an optimal price setting in the wholesale and the end-user markets

  20. POLISH MARKET OF FINANCIAL DERIVATIVES

    Sobol, Iwona

    2014-01-01

    The market of financial derivatives is the biggest market in the world. The tremendous growth of this market in recent years is the result of the increase of financial risks caused by volatilities of interest rates, share prices and the adoption of floating exchange rates by most of the developed countries. The most effective way of hedging financial risks is using of derivatives. The derivatives are the instruments which are derived from more basic ones which are called underlying instrument...

  1. Asian Capital Market Integration: Theory and Evidence

    Park, Cyn-Young

    2013-01-01

    Financial integration is a multidimensional process through which allocation of financial assets becomes increasingly borderless. This paper assesses the progress achieved thus far in capital market integration in Asia, and compares regional capital market integration with global financial integration. The results of the analysis on which the paper is based indicate that while the pace of regional integration of financial markets in Asia's emerging economies has accelerated in recent years, t...

  2. Integration between the Romanian and the Euro Area Banking Markets: An Application of the Johansen Cointegration Test to Interest Rates on Loans to Non-Financial Corporations

    Maricica MOSCALU

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the present paper is to investigate if there is any level of integration between the Romanian and the euro area banking markets � with focus on lending activities of monetary financial institutions (MFIs) to non-financial corporations (NFCs) � and to assess this level of integration through using both quantity- and especially price-based data. The main empirical instrument used is the Johansen cointegration test applied to pairs of interest rates for euro-denominated loans granted ...

  3. Financial Crises in Emerging Markets

    Roberto Chang; Andres Velasco

    1998-01-01

    We present a simple model that can account for the main features of recent financial crises in emerging markets. The international illiquidity of the domestic financial system is at the center of the problem. Illiquid banks are a necessary and a sufficient condition for financial crises to occur. Domestic financial liberalization and capital flows from abroad (especially if short term) can aggravate the illiquidity of banks and increase their vulnerability to exogenous shocks and shifts in ex...

  4. Marketing in current financial crisis

    Mariánek, Lukáš

    2009-01-01

    The paper is describing the effects of recessions and current financial crisis on companies and their marketing. The topic covers the history of marketing throughout the world biggest recessions and describes the current marketing efforts of Czech companies under the current financial crisis. A strategical analysis with the impacts of crisis on long-term strategy planning is provided at the end of the paper.

  5. Trading strategies for financial market

    Drbohlavová, Veronika

    2011-01-01

    Thesis deals with trading on financial market – concretely forex market. This market is quit new but for sure very interesting and full of potential for trading or investments. Thesis then gives an overview of possible methods of analysis of such a market as also utilization of those methods in following determination of trading strategies. Those methods are technical and fundamental analyses which provide valuable information about market and its possible future development.

  6. Financial Market Volatility: A Survey

    Louis O. Scott

    1991-01-01

    Volatility in financial markets has forced economists to re-examine the validity of the efficient markets hypothesis, and new empirical approaches have been applied to the study of this important issue in recent years. Many of the recent studies have found evidence of excessive volatility. In the aftermath of the stock market crash of 1987 and the perceived increase in market volatility, some economists have advocated additional market regulations. This paper presents a review of recent studi...

  7. Institutional Arrangement of Financial Markets Supervision: The Case of the Czech Republic

    Musílek, Petr

    2008-01-01

    The paper deals with institutional arrangement of financial supervision in the Czech Republic. Financial markets are composed of partial financial segments specialized in individual types of financial instruments and individual customer groups. Financial institutions gradually transform into financial supermarkets. There are several models of institutional arrangement of financial supervision (integrated financial supervision model, sectional financial supervision model, financial supervision...

  8. Report on EU financial integration

    EFC

    2002-01-01

    Despite progress in implementing the internal market programme and the introduction of the euro, the EU still does not have a fully integrated financial market. Much has been achieved on the road towards integration, but there is more work still to do. The European Council at Lisbon set the key strategic goal for the EU to become by 2010 ‘the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world'. As recognised by Heads of State and Government, a crucial element to achieve this ...

  9. Extremal spillovers in financial markets

    Straetmans, Stefan

    2000-01-01

    We analyze the interdependency between different financial markets by using multivariate extreme value theory. This permits one to focus on the occurrence of simultaneous financial market crises, whereas standard co-variance analysis is less suitable for studying extreme interdependencies. The analysis builds on the so-called stable tail dependence function which measures the amount of interdependency between the tail probabilities of multiple random variables. The empirical implementation of...

  10. Financial Intermediation, Markets, and Alternative Financial Sectors

    Allen, Franklin; CARLETTI, Elena; QIAN, Jun 'QJ'; Valenzuela, Patricio

    2012-01-01

    We provide a comprehensive review of firms’ financing channels (internal and external, domestic and international) around the globe, with the focus on alternative finance—financing from all the nonmarket, non-bank external sources. We argue that while traditional financing channels, including financial markets and banks, provide significant sources of funds for firms in developed countries, alternative financing channels provide an equally important source of funds in both developed and devel...

  11. Liquidity and Financial Market Runs

    Antonio Bernardo; Ivo Welch

    2003-01-01

    We model a run on a financial market, in which each risk-neutral investor fears having to liquidate shares after a run, but before prices can recover back to fundamental values. To avoid having to possibly liquidate shares at the marginal post-run price - in which case the risk-averse market-making sector wi

  12. Energy economics and financial markets

    Dorsman, Andre [Vrije Univ. Amsterdam (Netherlands). Dept. of Finance; Simpson, John L. [Curtin Univ., Perth, WA (Australia). School of Economics and Finance; Westerman, Wim (eds.) [Groningen Univ. (Netherlands). Faculty of Economics and Business Economics, Econometrics and Finance

    2013-10-01

    Deals with the upcoming theme of energy issues. Links energy issues with economics and financial markets. Combines global focus with specific regional and local examples. Unites theoretical insights with timely data and practical insights. Specialized author team from all over the world. Energy issues feature frequently in the economic and financial press. Specific examples of topical energy issues come from around the globe and often concern economics and finance. The importance of energy production, consumption and trade raises fundamental economic issues that impact the global economy and financial markets. This volume presents research on energy economics and financial markets related to the themes of supply and demand, environmental impact and renewables, energy derivatives trading, and finance and energy. The contributions by experts in their fields take a global perspective, as well as presenting cases from various countries and continents.

  13. FINANCIAL MARKETS AND INSTITUTIONS: IMPORTANT FUNCTIONS

    Fadil Govori

    2005-01-01

    Economic system relies heavily on financial resources and transactions, and economic efficiency rests in part on efficient financial markets. Financial markets consist of agents, brokers, institutions, and intermediaries transacting purchases and sales of securities. The many persons and institutions operating in the financial markets are linked by contracts, communications networks which form an externally visible financial structure, laws, and friendships. The financial market is divided be...

  14. The Asean Stock Market Integration: The Effect of the 2007 Financial Crisis on the Asean Stock Indices’ Movements

    Adwin Surja Atmadja

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This study attempts to examine the existence of cointegration relationship and the short run dynamic interaction among the five ASEAN stock market indices in the period of before and during the 2007 financial crisis. The multivariate time series analysis frameworks are employed to the series in both sub-sample periods in order to answer the hypotheses.The study finds two cointegrating vectors in the series before the financial crisis period, however it fails to detect any cointegrating vector in the period of financial crisis. Granger causality tests applied to the series reveal that number of significant causal linkages between two variables increase during the crisis period. Moreover, the accounting innovation analysis shows an increase in the explanatory power of an endogenous variable to another within the system during the crisis period, indicating that the contagious effect of the 2007-US financial crisis has entered into the ASEAN capital market, and significantly influenced the regional indices’ movements.

  15. Financial Integration, Technology Differences and Capital Flows

    Sebastián Claro

    2005-01-01

    The one-to-one mapping between cross-country differences in capital returns and the size and direction of international capital flows after financial integration vanishes in a multi-sector world with a laborintensive non-tradable sector if financial liberalization generates significant swings in the demand for the non-tradable good. For example, a high return to capital country may become an exporter of capital after financial integration if access to world capital markets enhances demand for...

  16. Social Knowledge for Financial Markets

    Gertraude Mikl-Horke

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Financial literacy is an important issue today, but it is directed/limited to improve the practical skills of people taking financial markets and their present working for granted. However, financial markets are social institutions and social processes involving network relations as well as rules and norms. Globalization has resulted in a dominating role of financial markets over the economy with importance for the transformation of capitalistic society. The sociological perspectives on financial markets have relevance also for the present crisis for which several explanations have been suggested. Most explanations overlook, however, the process of disembedding of the financial markets from the societal context, which is represented by the reliance on a specific kind of knowledge. To illustrate the need for reintegrating financial markets in the economy and making them more responsive to societal concerns, financial knowledge requires to be embedded into social knowledge about the function of financial markets for society, the importance of norms and the social character of markets.Finanzerziehung ist ein wichtiges Anliegen in der Gegenwart, aber die „finanzielle Alphabetisierung“ beschränkt sich auf die Vermittlung praktischen Wissens, ohne die Finanzmärkte und ihr Funktionieren zu hinterfragen. Aber Finanzmärkte sind soziale Institutionen und soziale Prozesse, die Netzwerkbeziehungen sowie Regeln und Normen umfassen. Die Globalisierung resultierte in einer dominierenden Rolle des Finanzsystems im Verhältnis zur Wirtschaft und mit Implikationen für die Transformation der kapitalistischen Gesellschaft. Die soziologischen Perspektiven auf Finanzmärkte sind auch für die gegenwärtige Krise relevant, die verschieden zu erklären versucht wird. Diese Erklärungen übersehen jedoch vielfach den Prozess der Entbettung der Finanzmärkte aus den gesellschaftlichen Kontexten, der sich auch durch die Betonung einer spezifischen Art von Wissen

  17. Bidding Markets with Financial Constraints

    Beker, Pablo; Hernando-Veciana, Angel

    2013-01-01

    We develop a model of bidding markets with financial constraints a la Che and Gale (1998b) in which two firms optimally choose their budgets. First, we provide an alternative explanation for the dispersion of markups and “money left on the table” across procurement auctions. Interestingly, this explanation does not hinge on significant private information but on di?erences, both endogenous and exogenous, in the availability of financial resources. Second, we explain why the empirical analysis...

  18. Path integrals in quantum mechanics, statistics, polymer physics, and financial markets

    Kleinert, Hagen

    2009-01-01

    This is the fifth, expanded edition of the comprehensive textbook published in 1990 on the theory and applications of path integrals. It is the first book to explicitly solve path integrals of a wide variety of nontrivial quantum-mechanical systems, in particular the hydrogen atom. The solutions have been made possible by two major advances. The first is a new euclidean path integral formula which increases the restricted range of applicability of Feynman's time-sliced formula to include singular attractive 1/r- and 1/r2-potentials. The second is a new nonholonomic mapping principle carrying p

  19. 78 FR 76973 - Financial Market Utilities

    2013-12-20

    ... maintenance of sufficient working capital and cash flow to permit the designated financial market utility to... CFR Part 234 RIN 7100 AD-94 Financial Market Utilities AGENCY: Board of Governors of the Federal... through the account provide certain financial services to, financial market utilities (``FMUs'') that...

  20. Emotion and financial markets

    Lucy F. Ackert; Church, Bryan K.; Richard Deaves

    2003-01-01

    Psychologists and economists hold vastly different views about human behavior. Psychologists contend that economists' models bear little relation to actual behavior. This view is supported by a large body of psychological research that shows that emotional state can significantly affect decision making. ; Economists, on the other hand, argue that psychological studies have no theoretical basis and offer little empirical evidence about people's decision-making processes. The reigning financial...

  1. High Frequency Trading in Financial Markets

    Zhang, Shuo Sarah

    2013-01-01

    Financial markets have undergone tremendous changes in the last decades. Next to the automation of the trading process and the improvement in market quality, High Frequency Trading (HFT) plays a major role in financial markets. This thesis provides a background on the evolution of financial markets and the role of HFT in price discovery and the nature of its interaction with human traders.

  2. RETROSPECTIVE OF FINANCIAL REPORTING ON CAPITAL MARKET

    Diana Muresan

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to develop a conceptual framework for the evolution offinancial reporting on capital market. Due to the worlwide changes, the role of financial reportingin capital market is constantly growing. Financial reporting analyzed through market perspective isstrongly correlated with issues like: capital allocation, financial statements, internationalaccounting standards and informational valences. Capital market research emphasizes the need forqualitative and transparent...

  3. Practical .NET for financial markets

    Shetty, Vivek

    2006-01-01

    This book provides fascinating insight into the nature and operation of Financial (Equity) markets and the singular demands and challenges placed on technology solutions in this environment. It then takes an in-depth look at how these challenges can be addressed using Microsoft .NET technology. Each chapter starts with a detailed explanation of a specific and ubiquitous business requirement in Equity market applications, and then the particular features of the.NET framework that can be used to meet that requirement

  4. Advertising, Attention, and Financial Markets

    Focke, Florens; Ruenzi, Stefan; Ungeheuer, Michael

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the impact of product market advertising on investor attention and financial market outcomes. Using daily advertising data allows us to identify short-term effects of advertising. We measure daily investor attention based the company's number of Wikipedia page views. We show that TV and newspaper advertising positively impacts short-term investor attention. It also positively impacts turnover and liquidity, but the effects are not economically significant. Most importantly, ass...

  5. Financial Spillovers to Emerging Markets during the Global Financial Crisis

    Nathaniel Frank; Heiko Hesse

    2009-01-01

    In this paper potential financial linkages between liquidity and bank solvency measures in advanced economies and emerging market (EM) bond and stock markets are analyzedduring the latest crisis. A multivariate GARCH model is estimated in order to gauge the extent of co-movements of these financial variables across markets. The findings indicate that the notion of possible de-coupling (in the financial markets) had been misplaced. While EM stock markets reached their peak in the last quarter ...

  6. Offshoring and financial markets

    Gianfranco Battisti

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses the nature and extent of the offshore world, a grey area that is playing a major role in present-day economy. The main institutions moulding this peculiar environment are discussed: preferential tax regimes, tax havens and offshore financial centers. Their role in the globalised world is outlined after a scrutiny of the specialized literature, reports by non-governmental bodies and companies’ advertisings. Finally, we present a tentative reconstruction of its geographical organization, inclusive of cartographic representations of the main international networks.

  7. Behavior of Financial Markets Efficiency During the Financial Market Crisis: 2007-2009

    Mynhardt, H. R.; Plastun, Alex; Makarenko, Inna

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the behavior of financial markets efficiency during the recent financial market crisis. Using the Hurst exponent as a criterion of market efficiency we show that level of market efficiency is different for pre-crisis and crisis periods. We also classify financial markets of different countries by the level of their efficiency and reaffirm that financial markets of developed countries are more efficient than the developing ones. Based on Ukrainian financial market analysis ...

  8. Heterogeneous agents in financial markets

    Zwinkels, R.C.J.

    2009-01-01

    In the previous decades, evidence against the efficient market hypothesis has been mounting. As a result, the behavioral finance literature has emerged, which embeds psychological influences in financial economics. The current thesis fits within the behavioral finance literature, and is focused on t

  9. Enhancing financial stability: the case of financial market utilities

    Paulson, Anna L.; Kirstin E. Wells

    2010-01-01

    The sweeping overhaul of the nation’s financial regulatory system that was signed into law on July 21, 2010, will touch virtually every aspect of financial markets. This Chicago Fed Letter focuses on provisions in the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act that affect “financial market utilities,” critical behind-the-scenes institutions and arrangements that ensure the smooth functioning of financial markets.

  10. Financial information processing and development of emerging financial markets

    Shuo BAI; Shouyang WANG; Lean YU; Aoying ZHOU

    2010-01-01

    @@ With the rapid development and globalization of financial markets (especially emerging financial markets), financial information processing has become a hot research area due to its immense practical applications. Such applications include stock market analysis, foreign exchange rate forecasting, option pricing, bank failure prediction, financial risk management, credit rating and scoring, bank loan management, customer relationship management, and antimoney laundering. Accordingly, there has been an increasing demand in using financial information processing techniques for many core financial tasks. Nevertheless, as a new cross-disciplinary field, the existing financial information processing methods are far from practical for scenarios in the global financial market; it is currently not clear how the information processing techniques, which are rapidly emerging, can be used to improve the quality of financial information processing.

  11. STOCK MARKET INTEGRATION IN THE EMERGING MARKETS: SOME EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE

    Kadir KARAGOZ; Ebrahim REZAEI; ?lhan EGE

    2010-01-01

    Numerous studies have investigated long-run relationship between emerging stock markets, but few interests have been focused on emerging markets in the Middle East region. In this paper we aim to investigate financial integration among five emerging stock markets in the Middle East region by using co-integration analysis. In the paper it is also examined that integration between these emerging markets and developed markets represented by US, UK and France. This will provide opportunity for to...

  12. A measure of stock market integration for developed and emerging markets

    Robert A. Korajczyk

    1995-01-01

    If equity markets are financially integrated, the price of risk should be the same across markets. If the markets are not financially integrated - possibly because of barriers to capital flows across markets - the price of risk may differ across markets. The author investigates one measure of financial integration between equity markets. He uses a multifactor equilibrium Arbitrage Pricing Theory to define risk and to measure deviations from the"law of one price."He applies the integration mea...

  13. Globalization and its Effects on Financial Markets

    Sorin Claudiu RADU

    2012-01-01

    This paper addresses aspects of globalization, a process which has become a symbol of the present days and an important factor of change for international financial markets. The paper highlights the main economic benefits and risks of financial globalization, its impact on financial markets and the premises for the extent of the economic crisis.

  14. Financial instability from local market measures

    Marco Bardoscia; Giacomo Livan; Matteo Marsili

    2012-01-01

    We study the emergence of instabilities in a stylized model of a financial market, when different market actors calculate prices according to different (local) market measures. We derive typical properties for ensembles of large random markets using techniques borrowed from statistical mechanics of disordered systems. We show that, depending on the number of financial instruments available and on the heterogeneity of local measures, the market moves from an arbitrage-free phase to an unstable...

  15. The liberalisation of Chinese financial markets

    Semerák, Vilém

    London : Imperial College Press, 2015 - (Brown, K.), s. 309-326 ISBN 978-1-78326-454-4 Institutional support: RVO:67985998 Keywords : Chinese financial market s * Chinese financial system Subject RIV: AH - Economics

  16. International Good Market Segmentation and Financial Market Structure

    Basak, Suleyman; Croitoru, Benjamin

    2003-01-01

    While financial markets have recently become more complete and international capital flows well liberalized, markets for goods remain segmented. To investigate how more complete security markets may relieve the effects of this segmentation, we examine a series of two-country economies with internationally segmented good markets, distinguished by the available financial securities. We show that, under heterogeneity within countries, the financial structure matters: even with internationally co...

  17. International financial markets and development

    Peter Wahl

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available The current financial crisis has not come about by chance. It is the result of a system that has emerged over the last 30 years and which Keynes may well have called the ‘casino economy’. The dominance of finance over real economy characterises the financial crisis, while finance itself is dominated by the all-encompassing target of maximum profit at all times. Other aims of economic activity such as job creation, social welfare and development have fallen by the wayside. In response, new actors are surfacing, e.g. the institutional investor (hedge funds, private equity funds, etc., while new instruments are leading to highly leveraged and destabilising derivatives. The casino system has been promoted by governments and intergovernmental institutions to liberalise and deregulate financial markets. Although developing countries have not participated in the casino system, they have been suffering most from the spill-over into the real economy. The main lesson learnt is that the casino has to be closed.

  18. Integration between the Romanian and the Euro Area Banking Markets: An Application of the Johansen Cointegration Test to Interest Rates on Loans to Non-Financial Corporations

    Maricica MOSCALU

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present paper is to investigate if there is any level of integration between the Romanian and the euro area banking markets � with focus on lending activities of monetary financial institutions (MFIs to non-financial corporations (NFCs � and to assess this level of integration through using both quantity- and especially price-based data. The main empirical instrument used is the Johansen cointegration test applied to pairs of interest rates for euro-denominated loans granted by MFIs located in the two markets to NFCs for different loan maturities and amounts. By employing recent data, the results of the test indicate the existence of a cointegration relationship between the interest rates for loans with floating rate / period of initial rate fixation of up to 1 year and up to and including EUR 1 million euro. These findings suggest that, although Romania is not yet part of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU, the two markets are not completely disintegrated especially with regard to short-term bank lending operations. Although further investigation is necessary, the findings are relevant from the perspective of Romania entering the EMU and have implications for Romanian NFCs� access to finance.

  19. Systemic Risks, Financial Intermediaries, and Asset Markets

    Gandhi, Priyank

    2012-01-01

    The credit crisis of 2007-2009 has sparked an enormous interest in the role that financial intermediaries play in our economy. Recent literature examines how financial intermediaries affect not only macro-economic variables but also asset markets such as the stock and the bond markets. The underlying theme in this recent literature is that the function of financial intermediaries in our asset markets is not yet completely understood and requires further study. This dissertation is based on th...

  20. Financial Development and Stock Market performance

    Dellas, Harris; Martin K. Hess

    2000-01-01

    The level of financial development is an important determinant of the performance of capital markets. We examine stock returns in a cross section of emerging and mature markets (49 countries) over 1980-99. Returns in financially underdeveloped countries have been somewhat lower, but significantly more volatile and less closely linkedd to- and influenced by- world stock returns. This implies that the stock markets of financially underdeveloped countries may have contributed to higher global ri...

  1. Financial transaction tax contributes to more sustainability in financial markets

    Schäfer, Dorothea

    2012-01-01

    We argue that a financial transaction tax complements financial market regulation. With the tax, governments have an additional instrument at hand to influence trading activity. FTT aims to reduce regulatory arbitrage, flash trading, overactive portfolio management, excessive leverage and speculative transactions of financial institutions. The focus clearly addresses these classes of activities that have contributed to the financial crisis. However, if contrary to expectations harmful transac...

  2. Relationship Service Marketing and Investment in Financial Market of Iran

    Mehrdad Alipour

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In competitive world, having expertise, knowledge and marketing experience for financial market activities, especially brokerage firms has proven inevitable. This should be accompanied by performing marketing operations along with intermediary roles and carrying on the daily transactions of shares in the Tehran stock exchange market. The current study aims investigating the level of marketing knowledge used in stock exchange market, identifying the reasons behind deficient use of the marketing knowledge by the financial institutions (financial intermediaries, brokerage firms and etc, matching the marketing activities with the financial activities of the brokerage firms in the Tehran stock exchange and finally improving the investment in Tehran stock exchange market. Independent variables were selected based on services marketing mix such as product, price, place, promotion, physical facilities, people and process. The method used is survey-based and the universe has been drawn from among the financial institutions active in Tehran stock exchange and the regional branches of the country. The results obtained from the research show that, during the period reviewed, the dynamic marketing system in the financial market was the traditional system without attending to the modern criteria of financial service marketing in the areas relating communication and determination of the shares prices, services of conduct transactions of the financial analyses and encouragement the big companies to enter the Tehran Stock Exchange.

  3. THE ROLE OF FINANCIAL EDUCATION IN DEVELOPING THE FINANCIAL SERVICES MARKET

    Ivanka Daneva

    2015-01-01

    Considering the current complexity of financial markets and of financial instruments and services, financial education is part of population’s financial literacy and it ranks as paramount factor in the complex for the financial markets development.

  4. Financial Integration into EU: The Romanian Case

    Ibrahim Bozkurt

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to investigate the determinants of integration between stock market of Romania and other stock markets of European Union (EU countries. Correlations between the stock returns represent the level of integration between the stock markets. Empirical analysis are performed with daily stock returns of 24 EU members including Romania for 2002-2012 period using panel data gravity models and correlations are investigated. Findings reveal that the following factors have significant and robust effects on the financial integration process of Romania with other 23 EU members; (i EU membership, (ii bilateral trade, (iii GDP per capita, (iv 2012 sovereign debt crisis and (v East European location. The results emphasize that intensifying economic relations with EU members can contribute the integration of Romanian stock market with other EU members. designed & hoste

  5. The Cyclical Volatility of Labor Markets under Frictional Financial Markets

    Petrosky-Nadeau, Nicolas; Wasmer, Etienne

    2013-01-01

    Financial frictions are known to raise the volatility of economies to shocks (e.g. Bernanke and Gertler 1989). We follow this line of research to the labor literature concerned by the volatility of labor market outcomes to productivity shocks initiated by Shimer (2005): in an economy with search on credit and labor markets, a financial multiplier raises the elasticity of labor market tightness to productivity shocks. This multiplier increases with total financial costs and is minimized under ...

  6. Building Stability in Latin American Financial Markets

    Rojas-Suárez, Liliana; Steven R. Weisbrod

    1996-01-01

    This paper argues that the investor reluctance to make long-term commitments to Latin American financial markets results from experience. In the 1980s, while ex ante real interest rates on Latin American financial assets were usually high, ex-post real interest rates were often highly negative. In the 1990s, policymakers instituted stabilization programs and structural reforms that have improved the environment in which financial markets operate. Based on a review of experiences in the region...

  7. Equilibrium in financial markets with adverse selection

    Takalo, Tuomas; Toivanen, Otto

    2003-01-01

    We study a financial market adverse selection model where all agents are endowed with initial wealth and choose to invest as entrepreneurs or financiers, or not to invest. We show that often a lack of outside finance leads to the emergence of financial markets where availability of outside finance leads to autarky. We find that i) there exist Pareto- efficient and inefficient equilibria; ii) adverse selection has more severe consequences for poorer economies; iii) increasing initial wealth ma...

  8. THE GLOBAL FINANCIAL MARKET: ANALYSIS AND PERSPECTIVES

    COLESNICOVA Tatiana

    2015-01-01

    The assessment of the situation on the global financial market is analyzed in the paper. The actuality of this research proceeded from the reality facing the entire global financial system. The purpose of this work is to research the situation on the global financial market based on the complex analysis of the sector. In the process of developing of this work were used the following methods: comparative analysis, synthesis, logical analysis. The results from the well-known companies which pro...

  9. FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES’ ACTIVITY ON ROMANIAN CAPITAL MARKET

    Dumitru-Cristian OANEA

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The financial shifts encountered in the last decade, increase the importance of capital markets in emerging countries, which is also Romania’s case. The banking system was for a long period of time the main source of liquidity for the economy. Meanwhile, the situation is changing due to the importance that capital market has in financing the economy. Through this paper we analyze the transactions’ evolution made by financial intermediaries on Romanian capital market, by highlighting the Societies for Financial Services and Investments (SSIF. Based on this evolution, we identified the main significant differences and similarities between the SSIFs existing on the market.

  10. Fraudulent agents in an artificial financial market

    Scalas, Enrico; Cincotti, Silvano; Dose, Christian; Raberto, Marco

    2003-01-01

    The problem of insider trading and other illegal practices in financial markets is an important issue in the field of financial regulatory policies. Market control bodies, such as the US SEC or the Italian CONSOB regularly perform statistical analyses on security prices in order to unveil clues of fraudulent behaviour within the market. Fraudulent behaviour is connected to the more general problem of information asymmetries, which had already been addressed in the field of experimental econom...

  11. FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES’ ACTIVITY ON ROMANIAN CAPITAL MARKET

    Dumitru-Cristian OANEA

    2014-01-01

    The financial shifts encountered in the last decade, increase the importance of capital markets in emerging countries, which is also Romania’s case. The banking system was for a long period of time the main source of liquidity for the economy. Meanwhile, the situation is changing due to the importance that capital market has in financing the economy. Through this paper we analyze the transactions’ evolution made by financial intermediaries on Romanian capital market, by highlighting the ...

  12. Algorithmic complexity of real financial markets

    Mansilla, R.

    2001-12-01

    A new approach to the understanding of complex behavior of financial markets index using tools from thermodynamics and statistical physics is developed. Physical complexity, a quantity rooted in the Kolmogorov-Chaitin theory is applied to binary sequences built up from real time series of financial markets indexes. The study is based on NASDAQ and Mexican IPC data. Different behaviors of this quantity are shown when applied to the intervals of series placed before crashes and to intervals when no financial turbulence is observed. The connection between our results and the efficient market hypothesis is discussed.

  13. Risk Arbitrage-U.S. Financial Markets

    Supreena Narayanan

    2004-01-01

    This paper analyses risk arbitrage in U.S. financial markets. The study by Mitchell, Mark and Todd Pulvino (2001) has been extended to study the U.S. financial markets scenario from 1963 to 2004. In particular, two research questions are pursued-(1) What are the effects of stock market, business conditions as well as the Merger and Acquisition Trend on risk arbitrage activities in the U.S (2) What is the current trend and effect of the U.S. financial regulatory mechanism on risk arbitrage? Th...

  14. Regulatory Competition in Global Financial Markets

    Ringe, Georg

    2015-01-01

    regulatory competition are a reality in today’s global financial market, and the financial sector is different from their traditional fields of application: the ease of arbitrage, the fragility of banking and the risks involved are exceptional. Most importantly, regulatory arbitrage does not or only rarely......The decades-long discussion on the merits of regulatory competition appears in a new light on the global financial market. There are a number of strategies that market participants use to avoid the reach of regulation, in particular by virtue of shifting trading abroad or else relocating activities...

  15. A stochastic model for the financial market with discontinuous prices

    Leda D. Minkova

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper models some situations occurring in the financial market. The asset prices evolve according to a stochastic integral equation driven by a Gaussian martingale. A portfolio process is constrained in such a way that the wealth process covers some obligation. A solution to a linear stochastic integral equation is obtained in a class of cadlag stochastic processes.

  16. MEASURING INTEGRATED MARKETING COMMUNICATION

    Jerman, Damjana; Bruno ZAVRŠNIK

    2011-01-01

    The concept of integrated marketing communications continues to gain widespread attention and interest among academics and practitioners around the world. Among the objectives of our paper may be considered dealing with changes in the conceptualization of integrated marketing communication and measuring the dimensions of this conceptual area. Two priorities guide our paper: 1) a more complete view for the conceptualization of integrated marketing communication; and 2) an empirical analysis fo...

  17. Financial instability from local market measures

    We study the emergence of instabilities in a stylized model of a financial market, when different market actors calculate prices according to different (local) market measures. We derive typical properties for ensembles of large random markets using techniques borrowed from statistical mechanics of disordered systems. We show that, depending on the number of financial instruments available and on the heterogeneity of local measures, the market moves from an arbitrage-free phase to an unstable one, where the complexity of the market—as measured by the diversity of financial instruments—increases, and arbitrage opportunities arise. A sharp transition separates the two phases. Focusing on two different classes of local measures inspired by real market strategies, we are able to analytically compute the critical lines, corroborating our findings with numerical simulations. (paper)

  18. Integration in primary community care networks (PCCNs: examination of governance, clinical, marketing, financial, and information infrastructures in a national demonstration project in Taiwan

    Lin Blossom Yen-Ju

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Taiwan's primary community care network (PCCN demonstration project, funded by the Bureau of National Health Insurance on March 2003, was established to discourage hospital shopping behavior of people and drive the traditional fragmented health care providers into cooperate care models. Between 2003 and 2005, 268 PCCNs were established. This study profiled the individual members in the PCCNs to study the nature and extent to which their network infrastructures have been integrated among the members (clinics and hospitals within individual PCCNs. Methods The thorough questionnaire items, covering the network working infrastructures – governance, clinical, marketing, financial, and information integration in PCCNs, were developed with validity and reliability confirmed. One thousand five hundred and fifty-seven clinics that had belonged to PCCNs for more than one year, based on the 2003–2005 Taiwan Primary Community Care Network List, were surveyed by mail. Nine hundred and twenty-eight clinic members responded to the surveys giving a 59.6 % response rate. Results Overall, the PCCNs' members had higher involvement in the governance infrastructure, which was usually viewed as the most important for establishment of core values in PCCNs' organization design and management at the early integration stage. In addition, it found that there existed a higher extent of integration of clinical, marketing, and information infrastructures among the hospital-clinic member relationship than those among clinic members within individual PCCNs. The financial infrastructure was shown the least integrated relative to other functional infrastructures at the early stage of PCCN formation. Conclusion There was still room for better integrated partnerships, as evidenced by the great variety of relationships and differences in extent of integration in this study. In addition to provide how the network members have done for their initial work at

  19. EME banking systems and regional financial integration

    Bank for International Settlements

    2014-01-01

    This report - prepared by a Study Group chaired by Andrew Khoo (Monetary Authority of Singapore) - develops a central bank perspective on the regional integration of EME banking systems and financial markets, assesses the drivers of these developments, and draws broad conclusions for policymakers. The findings are based on data from the BIS international banking statistics (IBS) and various other public sources, interviews with the private sector, inputs from central banks from non-CGFS juris...

  20. Understanding Financial Market States Using an Artificial Double Auction Market

    2016-01-01

    The ultimate value of theories describing the fundamental mechanisms behind asset prices in financial systems is reflected in the capacity of such theories to understand these systems. Although the models that explain the various states of financial markets offer substantial evidence from the fields of finance, mathematics, and even physics, previous theories that attempt to address the complexities of financial markets in full have been inadequate. We propose an artificial double auction market as an agent-based model to study the origin of complex states in financial markets by characterizing important parameters with an investment strategy that can cover the dynamics of the financial market. The investment strategies of chartist traders in response to new market information should reduce market stability based on the price fluctuations of risky assets. However, fundamentalist traders strategically submit orders based on fundamental value and, thereby stabilize the market. We construct a continuous double auction market and find that the market is controlled by the proportion of chartists, Pc. We show that mimicking the real state of financial markets, which emerges in real financial systems, is given within the range Pc = 0.40 to Pc = 0.85; however, we show that mimicking the efficient market hypothesis state can be generated with values less than Pc = 0.40. In particular, we observe that mimicking a market collapse state is created with values greater than Pc = 0.85, at which point a liquidity shortage occurs, and the phase transition behavior is described at Pc = 0.85. PMID:27031110

  1. Understanding Financial Market States Using an Artificial Double Auction Market.

    Kyubin Yim

    Full Text Available The ultimate value of theories describing the fundamental mechanisms behind asset prices in financial systems is reflected in the capacity of such theories to understand these systems. Although the models that explain the various states of financial markets offer substantial evidence from the fields of finance, mathematics, and even physics, previous theories that attempt to address the complexities of financial markets in full have been inadequate. We propose an artificial double auction market as an agent-based model to study the origin of complex states in financial markets by characterizing important parameters with an investment strategy that can cover the dynamics of the financial market. The investment strategies of chartist traders in response to new market information should reduce market stability based on the price fluctuations of risky assets. However, fundamentalist traders strategically submit orders based on fundamental value and, thereby stabilize the market. We construct a continuous double auction market and find that the market is controlled by the proportion of chartists, Pc. We show that mimicking the real state of financial markets, which emerges in real financial systems, is given within the range Pc = 0.40 to Pc = 0.85; however, we show that mimicking the efficient market hypothesis state can be generated with values less than Pc = 0.40. In particular, we observe that mimicking a market collapse state is created with values greater than Pc = 0.85, at which point a liquidity shortage occurs, and the phase transition behavior is described at Pc = 0.85.

  2. Understanding Financial Market States Using an Artificial Double Auction Market.

    Yim, Kyubin; Oh, Gabjin; Kim, Seunghwan

    2016-01-01

    The ultimate value of theories describing the fundamental mechanisms behind asset prices in financial systems is reflected in the capacity of such theories to understand these systems. Although the models that explain the various states of financial markets offer substantial evidence from the fields of finance, mathematics, and even physics, previous theories that attempt to address the complexities of financial markets in full have been inadequate. We propose an artificial double auction market as an agent-based model to study the origin of complex states in financial markets by characterizing important parameters with an investment strategy that can cover the dynamics of the financial market. The investment strategies of chartist traders in response to new market information should reduce market stability based on the price fluctuations of risky assets. However, fundamentalist traders strategically submit orders based on fundamental value and, thereby stabilize the market. We construct a continuous double auction market and find that the market is controlled by the proportion of chartists, Pc. We show that mimicking the real state of financial markets, which emerges in real financial systems, is given within the range Pc = 0.40 to Pc = 0.85; however, we show that mimicking the efficient market hypothesis state can be generated with values less than Pc = 0.40. In particular, we observe that mimicking a market collapse state is created with values greater than Pc = 0.85, at which point a liquidity shortage occurs, and the phase transition behavior is described at Pc = 0.85. PMID:27031110

  3. Experimental Studies of Overconfidence in Financial Markets

    Michailova, Julija

    2010-01-01

    This doctoral thesis investigates the influence of overconfidence on the outcomes in experimental asset markets, both on the market and individual levels. Thesis consists of three parts. In the first part an instrument (test) is developed that is later used in economic experiments to measure subjects’ overconfidence. The second part investigates the role of market overconfidence in the occurrence of bubbles in asset prices and the emergence of other stylized facts of financial markets, namely...

  4. Identifying States of a Financial Market

    Münnix, Michael C.; Shimada, Takashi; Schäfer, Rudi; Leyvraz, Francois; Seligman, Thomas H.; Guhr, Thomas; Stanley, H. Eugene

    2012-09-01

    The understanding of complex systems has become a central issue because such systems exist in a wide range of scientific disciplines. We here focus on financial markets as an example of a complex system. In particular we analyze financial data from the S&P 500 stocks in the 19-year period 1992-2010. We propose a definition of state for a financial market and use it to identify points of drastic change in the correlation structure. These points are mapped to occurrences of financial crises. We find that a wide variety of characteristic correlation structure patterns exist in the observation time window, and that these characteristic correlation structure patterns can be classified into several typical ``market states''. Using this classification we recognize transitions between different market states. A similarity measure we develop thus affords means of understanding changes in states and of recognizing developments not previously seen.

  5. The recent growth of financial derivative markets

    Remolona, Eli M.

    1992-01-01

    This article examines the reasons for the phenomenal growth of financial derivative markets in recent years. The author shows how specific demand forces have largely determined the direction and speed of the derivatives' spread.

  6. THE FINANCIAL CRISIS AND THE EMERGING MARKETS

    LORENA POPESCU DUDUIALĂ

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The emerging markets emerge and develop in the larger context of the international financial market development "is a consequence of the needs expressed by investors and those who wish to place their financial capital." Thus, to achieve a certain level of saturation economic zones and the lack of attractiveness of gains obtainable in certain markets determine the migration of capital to areas that are or may become interesting in terms of the gains that are achieved by investing in these areas in conjunction minimizing market risk assumed.

  7. Rethinking Consumer Protection Policy in Financial Markets

    Liran Haim

    2013-01-01

    Financial products for consumers usually are characterized by complexity and incomprehensibility. Consumers typically find themselves defeated when attempting to control their financial destiny by understanding these products. This Article explores the economic and social factors that lead to this reality, analyzes its highly negative private and social ramifications and proposes an appropriate policy response. I argue that the current market structure creates a reality in which financial...

  8. The Development of Financial Markets in Poland

    Orlowski, Lucjan T

    1999-01-01

    This project analyzing the development of Polish financial markets sponsored by the USAID grant was aimed at examining selected problems of the banking system and financial markets in Poland. The main criterion for selection of these problems was their potential usefulness for policy-makers at the present stage of the economic transformation. The studies within the project address the issues that require special attention of policy-makers in their efforts to design future stages of the econom...

  9. Corporate social responsibility and financial markets

    Dam, Lammertjan

    2008-01-01

    This thesis examines the economics of corporate social responsibility, with an emphasis on the role of financial markets and institutions. Questions that are raised are: What does corporate social responsibility mean in an economic context? What is the impact of corporate social responsibility on the financial performance of a company? What kind of role can a stock market play in trying to achieve sustainable development? What is the relation between corporate social responsibility, economic ...

  10. Inventories, financial structure and market structure.

    Tribó, Josep A.

    2001-01-01

    In this paper, we study the effect of different financial contracts on the firm's inventory policy. Doing so will allow to define the best financial instruments to diminish the stock variability of a profit-maximizing firm in a given economic environment (expansion or recession), and for a given market structure. We show that in periods of recession (expansion), reducing (increasing) the amount of short-term debt is an optimal strategy independently of the market structure.

  11. Herd behavior and contagion in financial markets

    Cipriani, Marco; Guarino, Antonio

    2008-01-01

    We study a sequential trading financial market where there are gains from trade, i.e., where informed traders have heterogeneous private values. We show that an informational cascade (i.e., a complete blockage of information) arises and prices fail to aggregate information dispersed among traders. During an informational cascade, all traders with the same preferences choose the same action, either following the market (herding) or going against it (contrarianism). We also study financial cont...

  12. ABOUT THE FINANCIAL MARKET INFRASTRUCTURE IMPROVEMENT

    Zheleznyak, V.

    2009-01-01

    The creation of such new financial market unit as the investment project office is proposed. The office's activity must be promotional for project finance expansion in the Ukraine. The special attention was paid to insurance companies, banks and investment project office interaction through the temporary financial investment cluster.

  13. The Financial Crisis and Money Markets in Emerging Asia

    Rigg, Robert; Schou-Zibell, Lotte

    2009-01-01

    Asian money markets entered the financial crisis in better shape than markets in other regions due to a substantial build-up of savings and liquidity in their banking systems, as well as a greater domestic focus in most of the region’s markets. However, despite the higher liquidity and lower levels of global integration, the effects of the crisis in Asia were severe and followed a similar path observed in international markets. The further development of money markets, particularly in less de...

  14. Financial Crisis, Financial Integration and Economic Growth: The European Case

    Maudos Villarroya Joaquín; Fernández de Guevara Radoselovics Juan

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the paper is to analyze the process of financial integration in Europe and its impact on economic growth since the introduction of the Euro in 1999. In particular, we focus on how the international financial crisis that started in 2007 has affected integration and growth. By combining information at country, sector and firm level, we quantify the effect of financial integration on financial development and therefore on economic growth. Our results illustrate that a significant part...

  15. Perspectives of the Evolution of Romanian Financial Market in the Context of Global Financial Market

    Dalia SIMION; Daniel TOBA

    2008-01-01

    Economical financial reality proves that, in time, globalisation has an impact not only on commodities economy but also on all financial domains, leading to remodelling of financial arrangement, increase of business opportunities but as well competition between financial institutions. Due to the expansion of financial markets, the consequences of globalisation processes converge to an efficiency of economic systems, through an increase of financing capacity and quick transformation of investm...

  16. Postwar Changes in the American Financial Markets

    Benjamin M. Friedman

    1980-01-01

    The object of this essay is to gain an overview of developments in theAmerican financial markets since World War II, with particular attention to changes that have occurred either between the prewar and post-war years or within the past several decades. Inevitably such an effort must be selective. The primary emphasis here is on the interaction between the financial markets and the nonfinancial economy, in the sense of the demands that the nonfinancial economy has placed on the financial mark...

  17. FINANCIAL MARKET IN NOVEMBER 2013

    Nikita Andrievskiy; Elizaveta Khudko

    2013-01-01

    The MICEX index was declining in the first decade in November 2013 until the middle of the month when the stock market saw the beginning of insignificant uptrend in response to oil price recovery. The stock market capitalization reached Rb 24,68 trillion (38.05% of GDP) as of November 26, 2013. The domestic corporate bond market saw a downtrend determined by adverse trends in the Russian economy. Investment activity was deteriorating, although market trading indicators still remained at a hig...

  18. Degree of correlation inside a financial market

    Mantegna, Rosario Nunzio

    1997-05-01

    I present an empirical study of the correlations observed between pairs of time series of stock prices in the New York Stock Exchange. I verify that various degrees of correlations or anti-correlations are present inside a financial market and I study the time evolution of these correlations. I briefly discuss how these empirical observations might be consistent with the well accepted hypothesis of absence of arbitrage in an efficient financial market (i.e. that there is no way of extracting money from the market in a continuous way without risk).

  19. Audit Conservatism Versus Unique Regulation of Financial Markets in Romania

    Pepi Miticã; Nicolae Traian Cristin

    2013-01-01

    The theme of our research is related to the new type of relationship between financial audits (statutory) and unique regulation of financial markets in Romania. Recent developments in the regulation of financial markets require a new perspective on the role and place of financial audit in Romania. The main elements of our study are: the relationship between the audit committee and regulatory authority; quality of financial reporting for financial market entities. In this case, financial regul...

  20. Financial derivatives in power marketing: The basics

    With the ongoing changes in the power industry worldwide, electricity is beginning to be traded like other commodities. The use of financial derivative instruments in power markets is on the rise. The purpose of this paper is to explain the role of these derivatives in risk management which is vital for survival in the increasingly competitive industry. Starting with the familiar cash markets, the paper discusses the basics of futures, options, and swap markets as applied to electric energy trading

  1. Regulation of Banking and Financial Markets

    Pacces, Alessio Maria; Heremans, Dirk

    2011-01-01

    textabstractAbstract: This paper is one chapter of the volume “Regulation and Economics” of the second edition of the Encyclopedia of Law and Economics. The authors review the economics of banking and financial markets and the regulatory response to market failure. Market failure in finance depends on problems of information and externalities. Regulation addresses these problems through conduct of business rules and prudential requirements. This approach has recently proved insufficient to pr...

  2. Investigating Contagion and Market Interdependence during the Global Financial Crisis

    Filip Iorgulescu

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the roles played by market interdependence and contagion in the propagation of the 2007-2009 global financial crisis. For this purpose, five aggregate indices were employed, representing all the major financial markets from each geographical region. The data series are daily and they cover the period between 2002 and 2014. The presence of contagion and market interdependence was assessed by means of the values and value changes of the correlation coefficients between the ante crisis (2002-2007, the crisis (2007-2009 and the post crisis (2009-2014 intervals, as well as with the aid of a spillover index. The results indicate a high degree of interdependence between the global financial markets even before the occurrence of the crisis. On the other hand, there is evidence that the crisis spread through contagion mainly from the developed financial markets of Europe and North America to the emerging centers in Africa and Latin America while the markets from the Asia/Pacific region displayed lower correlations which may have given opportunities for the mitigation of losses. Moreover, since the majority of the correlation coefficients have not decreased significantly after the 2007-2009 period, it seems that the crisis intensified the degree of global financial integration.

  3. Banks, Financial Markets and Growth

    Deidda, Luca Gabriele; Fattouh, Bassam

    2005-01-01

    We analyze the interaction between bank and market finance in a model where bankers gather information through monitoring and screening.We show that,if a market is established characterized by a disclosure law such that entrepreneurs wishing to raise market finance can credibly disclose their sources of financing,this might undermine bankers'incentive to screen,even when screening is effcient.Correspondingly,other things being equal,the change from a bank-based system to one in which market-f...

  4. Review of quantum path integrals in fluctuating markets

    Bonnet, Frederic D. R.; Allison, Andrew G.; Abbott, Derek

    2004-03-01

    We review various techniques from engineering and physics applied to the theory of financial risks. We also explore at an introductory level how the quantum aspects of physics may be used to study the dynamics of financial markets. In particular we explore how the path integral methods may be used to study financial markets quantitatively.

  5. Financial Stability, World Financial Crisis and Financial Markets´ Regulation: Some New Issues

    Vladislav Pavlat

    2009-01-01

    This article confronts selected theoretical concepts of financial crisis, financial stability and financial regulation with the real situation at the world economic scene. The author´s views are mainly based on the results of a research group at the Institute of Administration and Finance in Prague (IAF), headed by Antonin Kubicek. This group has been analysing selected partial problems connected with the phenomena of financial markets´ regulation since 2002 in the framework of two grants (20...

  6. THE GLOBAL FINANCIAL MARKET: ANALYSIS AND PERSPECTIVES

    Tatiana COLESNICOVA

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The assessment of the situation on the global financial market is analyzed in the paper. The actuality of this research proceeded from the reality facing the entire global financial system. The purpose of this work is to research the situation on the global financial market based on the complex analysis of the sector. In the process of developing of this work were used the following methods: comparative analysis, synthesis, logical analysis. The results from the well-known companies which provided each year the analysis and ratings between the high net worth individuals wealth levels and growth by world regions, the most successfully International Financial Centres, leading wealth managers, wealth management innovators, Private Banks of the year, Private Bankers of the year etc. are analyzed in the paper.

  7. Global financial crisis and return of South Asian Gulf migrants: patterns and determinants of their integration to local labour markets

    Abraham, Vinoj; Rajan, Irudaya S

    2011-01-01

    Studies record that a large number of South Asian migrant workers in the Middle–East had to return to their home countries owing to the global financial crisis and loss of jobs. However, their distress of loss of job in the gulf is compounded by the fact that in their own home countries the rehabilitation and reintegration of these workers is tedious and often the returnees are thrust with forced choices. This paper, based on a primary survey conducted in five south Asian countries, namely; N...

  8. Scaling Exponents in Financial Markets

    Kim, Kyungsik; Kim, Cheol-Hyun; Kim, Soo Yong

    2007-03-01

    We study the dynamical behavior of four exchange rates in foreign exchange markets. A detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) is applied to detect the long-range correlation embedded in the non-stationary time series. It is for our case found that there exists a persistent long-range correlation in volatilities, which implies the deviation from the efficient market hypothesis. Particularly, the crossover is shown to exist in the scaling behaviors of the volatilities.

  9. Financial contagion in developed sovereign bond markets

    Metiu Norbert

    2011-01-01

    This paper implements a simultaneous equations model to test for international financial contagion among developed sovereign credit markets between May 1, 2000 and September 1, 2010. Two alternative measures are proposed that identify credit crises in the tails of bond yield distributions, which are derived from Extreme Value Theory and Value-at-Risk analysis. The findings show that the large-scale fluctuations in long term sovereign bond yields observed during episodes of financial distress ...

  10. The role of accounting in financial markets

    André Taue Saito; José Roberto Ferreira Savoia

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses the relation between accounting and financial markets by showingthat the relevance of this relation is clearly stated by the different interests of managers,investors, shareholders, creditors, and the government, among other stakeholders due to thefact that it gives them updated and reliable information about the financial condition ofthe company. The study is supported by three pillars: relation between finance and theaccounting theory, evolution of the role played by pr...

  11. Opportunities in emerging Islamic financial markets

    Askari, H.; Iqbal, Z.

    1995-01-01

    There are more than one billion Muslims in the world and they account for roughly 5 per cent of the world's GNP. Some people estimate that Islamic banking will be responsible for managing up to 50 per cent of savings in the Islamic world within the next five to ten years. Recent developments in Islamic financial markets, including the participation of Western financial institutions, are surveyed.

  12. Essays on financial crises in emerging markets

    Komulainen, Tuomas

    2004-01-01

    The financial crises in emerging markets in 1997-1999 were preceded by financial liberalisation, rapid surges in capital inflows, increased levels of indebtedness, and then sudden capital outflows. The study contains four essays that extend the different generations of crisis literature and analyse the role of capital movements and borrowing in the recent crises. Essay 1 extends the first generation models of currency crises. It analyses bond financing of fiscal deficits in domestic and forei...

  13. Agent-based Models of Financial Markets

    Samanidou, E.; E. Zschischang; Stauffer, D.; Lux, T.

    2007-01-01

    This review deals with several microscopic (``agent-based'') models of financial markets which have been studied by economists and physicists over the last decade: Kim-Markowitz, Levy-Levy-Solomon, Cont-Bouchaud, Solomon-Weisbuch, Lux-Marchesi, Donangelo-Sneppen and Solomon-Levy-Huang. After an overview of simulation approaches in financial economics, we first give a summary of the Donangelo-Sneppen model of monetary exchange and compare it with related models in economics literature. Our sel...

  14. Cohesiveness in financial news and its relation to market volatility.

    Piškorec, Matija; Antulov-Fantulin, Nino; Novak, Petra Kralj; Mozetič, Igor; Grčar, Miha; Vodenska, Irena; Smuc, Tomislav

    2014-01-01

    Motivated by recent financial crises, significant research efforts have been put into studying contagion effects and herding behaviour in financial markets. Much less has been said regarding the influence of financial news on financial markets. We propose a novel measure of collective behaviour based on financial news on the Web, the News Cohesiveness Index (NCI), and we demonstrate that the index can be used as a financial market volatility indicator. We evaluate the NCI using financial documents from large Web news sources on a daily basis from October 2011 to July 2013 and analyse the interplay between financial markets and finance-related news. We hypothesise that strong cohesion in financial news reflects movements in the financial markets. Our results indicate that cohesiveness in financial news is highly correlated with and driven by volatility in financial markets. PMID:24849598

  15. Financial methods in competitive electricity markets

    Deng, Shijie

    The restructuring of electric power industry has become a global trend. As reforms to the electricity supply industry spread rapidly across countries and states, many political and economical issues arise as a result of people debating over which approach to adopt in restructuring the vertically integrated electricity industry. This dissertation addresses issues of transmission pricing, electricity spot price modeling, as well as risk management and asset valuation in a competitive electricity industry. A major concern in the restructuring of the electricity industries is the design of a transmission pricing scheme that will ensure open-access to the transmission networks. I propose a priority-pricing scheme for zonal access to the electric power grid that is uniform across all buses in each zone. The Independent System Operator (ISO) charges bulk power traders a per unit ex ante transmission access fee based on the expected option value of the generated power with respect to the random zonal spot prices. The zonal access fee depends on the injection zone and a self-selected strike price determining the scheduling priority of the transaction. Inter zonal transactions are charged (or credited) with an additional ex post congestion fee that equals the zonal spot price difference. The unit access fee entitles a bulk power trader to either physical injection of one unit of energy or a compensation payment that equals to the difference between the realized zonal spot price and the selected strike price. The ISO manages congestion so as to minimize net compensation payments and thus, curtailment probabilities corresponding to a particular strike price may vary by bus. The rest of the dissertation deals with the issues of modeling electricity spot prices, pricing electricity financial instruments and the corresponding risk management applications. Modeling the spot prices of electricity is important for the market participants who need to understand the risk factors in

  16. Global Financial Spillovers to Emerging Market Sovereign Bond Markets

    Christian Ebeke; Annette Kyobe

    2015-01-01

    Foreign holdings of emerging markets (EMs) government bonds have increased substantially over the last decade. While foreign participation in local-currency sovereign bond markets provides an additional source of financing and reduces sovereign yields, it raises concerns about increased sensitivity of yields to shifts in market sentiment. The analysis in this paper suggests that foreign participation and an undiversified investor base transmit global financial shocks to local-currency soverei...

  17. Market makers' supply and pricing of financial market liquidity

    Shen, Pu; Starr, Ross M.

    2000-01-01

    This study models the bid-ask spread in financial markets as a function of asset price variability and order flow. The market-maker is characterized as passively accepting orders to buy and to sell a security at the market's prevailing price (plus or minus half the bid-ask spread). The bid-ask spread adjusts to cover market-makers' average costs. The bid-ask spread then varies positively with: the security's price volatility, the volatility of order flow, and the absolute value of the market-...

  18. Financial market outlook for inflation

    Bauer, Michael D.; Jens H. E. Christensen

    2014-01-01

    Prices of special financial instruments called inflation derivatives can provide valuable insight into investors’ views of future inflation. Projections from inflation swap rates suggest inflation will remain low for some time and return only slowly to levels consistent with the Federal Reserve’s notion of price stability. Inflation caps and floors give evidence that investors seem less uncertain about inflation forecasts than in recent years, and that they perceive a favorable inflation outc...

  19. Assessing financial integration: a comparison between Europe and East Asia

    Rossella Calvi

    2010-01-01

    Summary for non-specialistsTwo parallel analyses are carried out in order to assess the degree of integration of financial markets within Europe, within East Asia, between these two regions, and with the external financial community. The investigation is based on cointegration and Granger causality techniques, to detect the presence of short-run and long-run cross-country relationships in equity and bond markets.The empirical analysis performed for seven European and eleven East Asian financi...

  20. Behavioral Effects in Financial Markets

    Lutz, Chandler

    2011-01-01

    We develop sentiment indexes to study the relationship between sentiment and stock returns. For the first index, we use only market return data; for the second, we use traditional indicators including the closed-end fund discount, NYSE share turnover, and the equity-share of new issues. In sample we find that rising sentiment leads to rising returns and lower risk. We also show that sentiment cycles lead bear markets. In a forecasting exercise we develop two-stage model averaging (2SMA). ...

  1. Integrated Marketing Communications

    Black, Jim

    2004-01-01

    Integration has become a cliche in enrollment management and student services circles. The term is used to describe everything from integrated marketing to seamless services. Often, it defines organizational structures, processes, student information systems, and even communities. In Robert Sevier's article in this issue of "College and…

  2. Temporal evolution of financial-market correlations

    Fenn, Daniel J.; Porter, Mason A.; Williams, Stacy; McDonald, Mark; Johnson, Neil F.; Jones, Nick S.

    2011-08-01

    We investigate financial market correlations using random matrix theory and principal component analysis. We use random matrix theory to demonstrate that correlation matrices of asset price changes contain structure that is incompatible with uncorrelated random price changes. We then identify the principal components of these correlation matrices and demonstrate that a small number of components accounts for a large proportion of the variability of the markets that we consider. We characterize the time-evolving relationships between the different assets by investigating the correlations between the asset price time series and principal components. Using this approach, we uncover notable changes that occurred in financial markets and identify the assets that were significantly affected by these changes. We show in particular that there was an increase in the strength of the relationships between several different markets following the 2007-2008 credit and liquidity crisis.

  3. A quantitative description for efficient financial markets

    Immonen, Eero

    2015-09-01

    In this article we develop a control system model for describing efficient financial markets. We define the efficiency of a financial market in quantitative terms by robust asymptotic price-value equality in this model. By invoking the Internal Model Principle of robust output regulation theory we then show that under No Bubble Conditions, in the proposed model, the market is efficient if and only if the following conditions hold true: (1) the traders, as a group, can identify any mispricing in asset value (even if no one single trader can do it accurately), and (2) the traders, as a group, incorporate an internal model of the value process (again, even if no one single trader knows it). This main result of the article, which deliberately avoids the requirement for investor rationality, demonstrates, in quantitative terms, that the more transparent the markets are, the more efficient they are. An extensive example is provided to illustrate the theoretical development.

  4. Rethinking Consumer Protection Policy in Financial Markets

    Liran Haim

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA HE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0in; mso-para-margin-right:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0in; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-language:HE;} Financial products for consumers usually are characterized by complexity and incomprehensibility. Consumers typically find themselves defeated when attempting to control their financial destiny by understanding these products. This Article explores the economic and social factors that lead to this reality, analyzes its highly negative private and social ramifications and proposes an appropriate policy response. I argue that the current market structure creates a reality in which financial institutions are motivated to produce complex financial products for consumers in order to maximize their profits. This market structure, combined with inadequate policy, induces inefficiency by allocating the comprehension costs of financial products to the consumer.   My thesis is that a fundamental change in risk allocation policy will steer the market toward consumer comprehension of financial products and, therefore, will reduce private and social costs, increase consumer trust in financial institutions and promote social cohesion. I propose a new default liability rule under which financial institutions would be required to introduce internal procedures and mechanisms to ensure product comprehension among all of their consumers. To encourage maximum compliance with my proposal, I suggest implementing a reputation-based incentives method that

  5. Taxing the Financially Integrated Multinational Firm

    Johannesen, Niels

    This paper develops a theoretical model of corporate taxation in the presence of financially integrated multinational firms. Under the assumption that multinational firms at least partly use internal loans to finance foreign investment, we find that the optimal corporate tax rate is positive from...... latter country partly fall on investment and thus workers in the former country. This tax exporting mechanism introduces a scope for corporate taxes, which is not present in standard models of international taxation. Accounting for the internal capital markets of multinational firms thus represents a way...

  6. Financial Policies and the Prevention of Financial Crises in Emerging Market Economies

    Mishkin, Frederic S.

    2001-01-01

    The author defines a financial crisis as a disruption in financial markets in which adverse selection and moral hazard problems become much worse, so that financial markets are unable to efficiently channel funds to those who have the most productive investment opportunities. As financial markets become unable to function efficiently, economic activity sharply contracts. Factors that promote ...

  7. TIME VARYING ASIAN STOCK MARKET INTEGRATION

    Batten, Jonathan A.; PETER MORGAN; Szilagyi, Peter G.

    2015-01-01

    We employ an asset pricing framework with varying estimation lengths to show that there has been an increasing degree of integration between Asian and international stock markets, but very little with Japan. This finding is consistent with prior studies and highlights the impact of recent regulatory and economic reform undertaken throughout the region. Our results show that instability in the asset variance structure underpins the observed varying degrees of financial market integration. In p...

  8. The Financial Crisis: A Wake-Up Call for Strengthening Regional Monitoring of Financial Markets and Regional Coordination of Financial Sector Policies?

    Winkler, Adalbert

    2010-01-01

    How much can regional monitoring of financial markets and coordination of financial sector policies contribute to preventing and mitigating financial crises? This paper reviews and compares the experiences of Europe and Asia, which have taken different routes and have achieved different levels of regional financial integration. The analysis suggests that the harmonization and coordination of regulation and supervision, with a strong focus on maturity and currency mismatch problems, would cons...

  9. 77 FR 45907 - Financial Market Utilities

    2012-08-02

    ... risk-management standards in the event the Council decides to designate them. \\9\\ See 76 FR 44763... position is generally consistent with current supervisory guidance on model risk management by banks. See... risk-management standards for financial market utilities (``FMUs'') that are designated as...

  10. COMPETITION BUILDS STRENGTH IN FINANCIAL MARKETS

    2007-01-01

    Transitioning from a“planned”economy to a“market”economy may be a long and arduous task for China,but opening its financial markets to foreign competition will help build stability and strength for the Chinese economy, says U.S.Ambassador Alan Holmer.Hol

  11. Corporate social responsibility and financial markets

    Dam, Lammertjan

    2008-01-01

    This thesis examines the economics of corporate social responsibility, with an emphasis on the role of financial markets and institutions. Questions that are raised are: What does corporate social responsibility mean in an economic context? What is the impact of corporate social responsibility on th

  12. Rent Seeking and Corruption in Financial Markets

    Asim Ijaz Khwaja; Atif Mian

    2011-01-01

    We describe recent advances in the study of rent seeking and corruption in financial markets. We outline three areas of inquiry: (a) conceptualizing rent seeking, (b) identifying rent-provision channels and their general equilibrium impact, and (c) designing feasible remedial mechanisms. We provide suggestions for making further progress in these areas and review a variety of approaches taken in the recent literature.

  13. The statistical mechanics of financial markets

    Voit, Johannes

    2003-01-01

    From the reviews of the first edition - "Provides an excellent introduction for physicists interested in the statistical properties of financial markets. Appropriately early in the book the basic financial terms such as shorts, limit orders, puts, calls, and other terms are clearly defined. Examples, often with graphs, augment the reader’s understanding of what may be a plethora of new terms and ideas… [This is] an excellent starting point for the physicist interested in the subject. Some of the book’s strongest features are its careful definitions, its detailed examples, and the connection it establishes to physical systems." PHYSICS TODAY "This book is excellent at illustrating the similarities of financial markets with other non-equilibrium physical systems. [...] In summary, a very good book that offers more than just qualitative comparisons of physics and finance." (www.quantnotes.com) This highly-praised introductory treatment describes parallels between statistical physics and finance - both thos...

  14. Statistics of financial markets an introduction

    Franke, Jürgen; Hafner, Christian Matthias

    2015-01-01

    Now in its fourth edition, this book offers a detailed yet concise introduction to the growing field of statistical applications in finance. The reader will learn the basic methods of evaluating option contracts, analyzing financial time series, selecting portfolios and managing risks based on realistic assumptions about market behavior. The focus is both on the fundamentals of mathematical finance and financial time series analysis, and on applications to given problems concerning financial markets, thus making the book the ideal basis for lectures, seminars and crash courses on the topic. For this new edition the book has been updated and extensively revised and now includes several new aspects, e.g. new chapters on long memory models, copulae and CDO valuation. Practical exercises with solutions have also been added. Both R and Matlab Code, together with the data, can be downloaded from the book’s product page and www.quantlet.de

  15. Moods Modelling on the Financial Markets

    Vácha, Lukáš; Vošvrda, Miloslav

    Ostrava : Technical University of Ostrava, 2007, s. 1-7. ISBN 978-80-248-1457-5; ISBN 978-80-248-1458-2. [Mathematical Methods in Economics. Ostrava (CZ), 04.09.2007-06.09.2007] R&D Projects: GA ČR GD402/03/H057; GA ČR(CZ) GA402/06/1417 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Keywords : efficient market s hypothesis * fractal market hypothesis * mood on the financial market Subject RIV: AH - Economics

  16. Open dynamic behaviour of financial markets

    Gong, F. F.; Gong, F. X.; Gong, F. Y.

    2006-02-01

    Open dynamic behaviour of financial markets with internal interactions between agents and with external “fields” from other systems are investigated using the approach of Grossman and Stiglitz for inefficient markets, and Keynes for interference of the market using physics of finance (referred to hereafter as phynance). The simulation results indicate that the NYSE data analyzed in Plerou, V. et al., Nature 421, 130 (2003) can be fitted by an equation of order parameter Φ and local deviation R of type: -(R+0.03) Φ+ 0.6 Φ3 + 0.02 = 0, which is shown to be in remarkable agreement with Plerou's data.

  17. Financial Stability and Interacting Networks of Financial Institutions and Market Infrastructures

    Léon, C.; Berndsen, R.J.; Renneboog, L.D.R.

    2014-01-01

    An interacting network coupling financial institutions’ multiplex (i.e. multi-layer) and financial market infrastructures’ single-layer networks gives an accurate picture of a financial system’s true connective architecture. We examine and compare the main properties of Colombian multiplex and interacting financial networks. Coupling financial institutions’ multiplex networks with financial market infrastructures’ networks removes modularity, which augments financial instability because the n...

  18. Financial Policies and the Prevention of Financial Crises in Emerging Market Countries

    Mishkin, Frederic S.

    2001-01-01

    This paper outlines a set of financial policies that can help make financial crises less likely in emerging market countries. To justify these policies, the paper first explains what a financial crisis is, the factors that promote a financial crisis and the dynamics of a financial crisis. It then examines twelve basic areas of financial policies to prevent financial crises: 1) prudential supervision, 2) accounting and disclosure requirements, 3) legal and judicial systems, 4) market-based dis...

  19. Liquidity, banks, and markets : effects of financial development on banks and the maturity of financial claims

    Douglas W. Diamond

    1996-01-01

    Financial markets and financial institutions compete to provide investors with liquidity. The author examines the roles of banks and markets when both are active, characterizing how development of the financial markets affects the structure and market share of banks. Banks create liquidity by offering claims with a higher short-term return than exist without a banking system. The amount of liquidity that banks offer depends on the degree of direct participation in financial markets - that is,...

  20. Financial market and growth: Evidence from post-reforms India

    Prity Sinha; Brinda Viswanathan; Badri Narayanan

    2015-01-01

    A significant boom occurred in the Indian financial market and growth in the post-liberalization era. This motivates us to analyze the impact of stock market and credit market (two components of financial market) for the growth of financial market. This paper attempts to show the linkage between stock and credit markets and their impact on the Indian economy taking the period after post-liberalization. The period of analysis is from 1994 to 2010; we identify the three variables as stationary ...

  1. An Analysis of Indian Financial Derivatives Market and its Position in Global Financial Derivatives Market

    Bhagwat, Dr. Shree; Omre, Ritesh; Chand, Deepak

    2012-01-01

    The past decade has witnessed the multiple growth in the volume of international trade and business due to the wave of globalization and liberalization all over the world. As a result, the demand for the international money and financial instruments increased significantly at the global level. In this respect, change in exchange rates, interest rates and stock prices of different financial markets have increased the financial risk to the corporate world. Adverse changes have even threatened t...

  2. Financial Symmetry and Moods in the Market

    Savona, Roberto; Soumare, Maxence; Andersen, Jørgen Vitting

    2015-01-01

    This paper studies how certain speculative transitions in financial markets can be ascribed to a symmetry break that happens in the collective decision making. Investors are assumed to be bounded rational, using a limited set of information including past price history and expectation on future dividends. Investment strategies are dynamically changed based on realized returns within a game theoretical scheme with Nash equilibria. In such a setting, markets behave as complex systems whose payoff reflect an intrinsic financial symmetry that guarantees equilibrium in price dynamics (fundamentalist state) until the symmetry is broken leading to bubble or anti-bubble scenarios (speculative state). We model such two-phase transition in a micro-to-macro scheme through a Ginzburg-Landau-based power expansion leading to a market temperature parameter which modulates the state transitions in the market. Via simulations we prove that transitions in the market price dynamics can be phenomenologically explained by the number of traders, the number of strategies and amount of information used by agents, all included in our market temperature parameter. PMID:25856392

  3. Financial symmetry and moods in the market.

    Roberto Savona

    Full Text Available This paper studies how certain speculative transitions in financial markets can be ascribed to a symmetry break that happens in the collective decision making. Investors are assumed to be bounded rational, using a limited set of information including past price history and expectation on future dividends. Investment strategies are dynamically changed based on realized returns within a game theoretical scheme with Nash equilibria. In such a setting, markets behave as complex systems whose payoff reflect an intrinsic financial symmetry that guarantees equilibrium in price dynamics (fundamentalist state until the symmetry is broken leading to bubble or anti-bubble scenarios (speculative state. We model such two-phase transition in a micro-to-macro scheme through a Ginzburg-Landau-based power expansion leading to a market temperature parameter which modulates the state transitions in the market. Via simulations we prove that transitions in the market price dynamics can be phenomenologically explained by the number of traders, the number of strategies and amount of information used by agents, all included in our market temperature parameter.

  4. Adaptive Control Applied to Financial Market Data

    Šindelář, Jan; Kárný, Miroslav

    Vol. I. Praha : Matfyz press, 2007, s. 1-6. ISBN 978-80-7378-023-4. [Week of Doctoral Students 2007. Praha (CZ), 05.06.2007-08.06.2007] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) 2C06001 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Keywords : baysian statistics * finance * financial engineering * stochastic control Subject RIV: BB - Applied Statistics, Operational Research http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2007/si/sindelar-adaptive control applied to financial market data.pdf

  5. How financial transmission rights curb market power

    Stoft, S.

    1997-06-01

    This paper demonstrates that financial transmission rights allow their owners to capture at least a portion, and sometimes all, of the congestion rents. This extends work in this area by Shmuel Oren which was limited to the case in which generators could not purchase financial transmission rights. One form of financial rights, Transmission Congestion Contracts (TCCs), is shown to be so effective in reducing market power that as few as two generators facing a demand curve with zero elasticity may be forced to sell at marginal cost. The extent to which market power is limited depends on the extent to which total generation capacity exceeds export capacity and on the size of individual generators. A relationship is derived that determines when TCCs will eliminate market power. In the case of a three line network, it is shown that the reduction in market power that can be accomplished with {open_quotes}active transmission rights{close_quotes} can also be accomplished with simple contracts for differences.

  6. Nature and composition of institutional investors of financial market

    Raisa Kvasnytska

    2015-01-01

    The article deals with the nature of institutional investors of financial market. The analysis of the functional features of institutions-investors of financial market that relate specifically to institutional investors is conducted. It is detailed the composition of representatives of institutional investors of financial market that form a system of institutional investment in Ukraine.

  7. Scaling-up Regional Financial Integration in the East African Community

    World Bank

    2012-01-01

    This report follows up on a 2007 World Bank study, Financial Sector Integration in Two Regions of Sub-Saharan Africa: How Creating Scale in Financial Markets Can Support Growth and Development (FSITR henceforth) which identified the opportunities associated with regionalization of financial markets in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), and also the many challenges associated with realizing the potential ...

  8. Canonical momenta indicators of financial markets and neocortical EEG

    Ingber, L

    1996-01-01

    A paradigm of statistical mechanics of financial markets (SMFM) is fit to multivariate financial markets using Adaptive Simulated Annealing (ASA), a global optimization algorithm, to perform maximum likelihood fits of Lagrangians defined by path integrals of multivariate conditional probabilities. Canonical momenta are thereby derived and used as technical indicators in a recursive ASA optimization process to tune trading rules. These trading rules are then used on out-of-sample data, to demonstrate that they can profit from the SMFM model, to illustrate that these markets are likely not efficient. This methodology can be extended to other systems, e.g., electroencephalography. This approach to complex systems emphasizes the utility of blending an intuitive and powerful mathematical-physics formalism to generate indicators which are used by AI-type rule-based models of management.

  9. Quantifying Stock Return Distributions in Financial Markets.

    Botta, Federico; Moat, Helen Susannah; Stanley, H Eugene; Preis, Tobias

    2015-01-01

    Being able to quantify the probability of large price changes in stock markets is of crucial importance in understanding financial crises that affect the lives of people worldwide. Large changes in stock market prices can arise abruptly, within a matter of minutes, or develop across much longer time scales. Here, we analyze a dataset comprising the stocks forming the Dow Jones Industrial Average at a second by second resolution in the period from January 2008 to July 2010 in order to quantify the distribution of changes in market prices at a range of time scales. We find that the tails of the distributions of logarithmic price changes, or returns, exhibit power law decays for time scales ranging from 300 seconds to 3600 seconds. For larger time scales, we find that the distributions tails exhibit exponential decay. Our findings may inform the development of models of market behavior across varying time scales. PMID:26327593

  10. Agent-based models of financial markets

    This review deals with several microscopic ('agent-based') models of financial markets which have been studied by economists and physicists over the last decade: Kim-Markowitz, Levy-Levy-Solomon, Cont-Bouchaud, Solomon-Weisbuch, Lux-Marchesi, Donangelo-Sneppen and Solomon-Levy-Huang. After an overview of simulation approaches in financial economics, we first give a summary of the Donangelo-Sneppen model of monetary exchange and compare it with related models in economics literature. Our selective review then outlines the main ingredients of some influential early models of multi-agent dynamics in financial markets (Kim-Markowitz, Levy-Levy-Solomon). As will be seen, these contributions draw their inspiration from the complex appearance of investors' interactions in real-life markets. Their main aim is to reproduce (and, thereby, provide possible explanations) for the spectacular bubbles and crashes seen in certain historical episodes, but they lack (like almost all the work before 1998 or so) a perspective in terms of the universal statistical features of financial time series. In fact, awareness of a set of such regularities (power-law tails of the distribution of returns, temporal scaling of volatility) only gradually appeared over the nineties. With the more precise description of the formerly relatively vague characteristics (e.g. moving from the notion of fat tails to the more concrete one of a power law with index around three), it became clear that financial market dynamics give rise to some kind of universal scaling law. Showing similarities with scaling laws for other systems with many interacting sub-units, an exploration of financial markets as multi-agent systems appeared to be a natural consequence. This topic has been pursued by quite a number of contributions appearing in both the physics and economics literature since the late nineties. From the wealth of different flavours of multi-agent models that have appeared up to now, we discuss the Cont

  11. Agent-based models of financial markets

    Samanidou, E.; Zschischang, E.; Stauffer, D.; Lux, T.

    2007-03-01

    This review deals with several microscopic ('agent-based') models of financial markets which have been studied by economists and physicists over the last decade: Kim-Markowitz, Levy-Levy-Solomon, Cont-Bouchaud, Solomon-Weisbuch, Lux-Marchesi, Donangelo-Sneppen and Solomon-Levy-Huang. After an overview of simulation approaches in financial economics, we first give a summary of the Donangelo-Sneppen model of monetary exchange and compare it with related models in economics literature. Our selective review then outlines the main ingredients of some influential early models of multi-agent dynamics in financial markets (Kim-Markowitz, Levy-Levy-Solomon). As will be seen, these contributions draw their inspiration from the complex appearance of investors' interactions in real-life markets. Their main aim is to reproduce (and, thereby, provide possible explanations) for the spectacular bubbles and crashes seen in certain historical episodes, but they lack (like almost all the work before 1998 or so) a perspective in terms of the universal statistical features of financial time series. In fact, awareness of a set of such regularities (power-law tails of the distribution of returns, temporal scaling of volatility) only gradually appeared over the nineties. With the more precise description of the formerly relatively vague characteristics (e.g. moving from the notion of fat tails to the more concrete one of a power law with index around three), it became clear that financial market dynamics give rise to some kind of universal scaling law. Showing similarities with scaling laws for other systems with many interacting sub-units, an exploration of financial markets as multi-agent systems appeared to be a natural consequence. This topic has been pursued by quite a number of contributions appearing in both the physics and economics literature since the late nineties. From the wealth of different flavours of multi-agent models that have appeared up to now, we discuss the Cont

  12. Agent-based models of financial markets

    Samanidou, E [Department of Economics, University of Kiel, Olshausenstrasse 40, D-24118 Kiel (Germany); Zschischang, E [HSH Nord Bank, Portfolio Mngmt. and Inv., Martensdamm 6, D-24103 Kiel (Germany); Stauffer, D [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Cologne University, D-50923 Koeln (Germany); Lux, T [Department of Economics, University of Kiel, Olshausenstrasse 40, D-24118 Kiel (Germany)

    2007-03-15

    This review deals with several microscopic ('agent-based') models of financial markets which have been studied by economists and physicists over the last decade: Kim-Markowitz, Levy-Levy-Solomon, Cont-Bouchaud, Solomon-Weisbuch, Lux-Marchesi, Donangelo-Sneppen and Solomon-Levy-Huang. After an overview of simulation approaches in financial economics, we first give a summary of the Donangelo-Sneppen model of monetary exchange and compare it with related models in economics literature. Our selective review then outlines the main ingredients of some influential early models of multi-agent dynamics in financial markets (Kim-Markowitz, Levy-Levy-Solomon). As will be seen, these contributions draw their inspiration from the complex appearance of investors' interactions in real-life markets. Their main aim is to reproduce (and, thereby, provide possible explanations) for the spectacular bubbles and crashes seen in certain historical episodes, but they lack (like almost all the work before 1998 or so) a perspective in terms of the universal statistical features of financial time series. In fact, awareness of a set of such regularities (power-law tails of the distribution of returns, temporal scaling of volatility) only gradually appeared over the nineties. With the more precise description of the formerly relatively vague characteristics (e.g. moving from the notion of fat tails to the more concrete one of a power law with index around three), it became clear that financial market dynamics give rise to some kind of universal scaling law. Showing similarities with scaling laws for other systems with many interacting sub-units, an exploration of financial markets as multi-agent systems appeared to be a natural consequence. This topic has been pursued by quite a number of contributions appearing in both the physics and economics literature since the late nineties. From the wealth of different flavours of multi-agent models that have appeared up to now, we

  13. Integration of European Bond Markets

    Christiansen, Charlotte

    2012-01-01

    I investigate the time variation in the integration of EU government bond markets. The integration is measured by the explanatory power of European factor portfolios for the individual bond markets for each year. The integration of the government bond markets is stronger for EMU than non-EMU members and stronger for old than new EU members. The integration is weaker for the sovereign debt crisis countries than for other countries. The integration of the EU bond markets is decreasing over time...

  14. Mediating markets: financial news media and reputation risk management

    Masie, Desné Rentia

    2014-01-01

    The increase of interest in financial culture following the financial crisis, which started in 2008, as well as the proliferation of financial data, have sparked an emerging research agenda into the role of financial news media. Moreover, financial news media is an important research topic in finance because information released through the media has a wider audience than other information intermediating systems in the financial market. This thesis defines the financial journal...

  15. Financial Market Turmoil: Implications for Monetary Policy Transmission in China

    Chengsi Zhang; Joel Clovis

    2009-01-01

    The recent financial market turmoil has initiated another search for insightful understanding of the interactions between the financial market and monetary policy. This paper explores these interactions in terms of the transmission mechanism of monetary policy in China. We argue that evolving financial development, enhanced by the expansion of the financial market, has altered the conventional channel for monetary transmission in China. Analyzing marked changes in the financial landscape and taking into account policy regime shifts in China, the paper provides clear evidence showing that the financial market has become a new and important channel for transmission of monetury policy in China.

  16. Mexico; Financial Sector Assessment Program Update: Technical Note: Derivatives Market: Overview and Potential Vulnerabilities

    International Monetary Fund

    2007-01-01

    This technical note provides an overview of Mexico’s derivatives markets, and describes concisely the derivatives regulatory framework and risk management practices in financial institutions active in these markets. The most important derivatives market in Mexico is the over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives market, which is fully integrated with the global derivatives market. The origin of the OTC derivatives market can be traced back to the 1994 Mexican crisis that forced Mexico to abandon it...

  17. Adaptive Control Applied to Financial Market Data

    Šindelář, Jan; Kárný, Miroslav

    Strasbourg cedex: European Science Foundation, 2007, s. 1-6. [Advanced Mathematical Methods for Finance. Vídeň (AT), 17.09.2007-22.09.2007] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) 2C06001 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Keywords : bayesian statistics * portfolio optimization * finance * adaptive control Subject RIV: BB - Applied Statistics, Operational Research http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2007/si/sindelar-adaptive control applied to financial market data.pdf

  18. Essays in Comovement of Financial Markets

    Mathias, Charles

    2012-01-01

    Comovement is ubiquitous in financial markets. The evolution of asset characteristics, such as price, volatility or liquidity, exhibits a high degree of correlation across assets---a phenomenon that in this thesis will generically be denoted with the term comovement. The origins of such comovement are legion. In their investment decisions, economic agents are not only influenced by their idiosyncrasies---a large part of investment motivations are shared over a population. Demographics or the ...

  19. Forecasting financial markets with online information

    Gaskell, Paul

    2015-01-01

    This thesis explores the relationship between what investors say on online social media and price movements in financial markets. Recent studies have applied techniques from the natural language processing literature to distil the content of blogs, micro-blogs and user generated content sites to a ‘sentiment’ measure, pertaining to whether the content is good or bad for a given stock. Sentiment is then measured over a time series and compared to stock price returns. There is general agreement...

  20. Essays in comovement of financial markets.

    Mathias, Charles

    2012-01-01

    Comovement is ubiquitous in financial markets. The evolution of asset characteristics, such as price, volatility or liquidity, exhibits a high degree of correlation across assets---a phenomenon that in this thesis will generically be denoted with the term comovement. The origins of suchcomovement are legion. In their investment decisions, economic agents are not only influenced by their idiosyncrasies---a large part of investment motivations are shared over a population. Demographics or the p...

  1. A Financial Market Model Incorporating Herd Behaviour.

    Wray, Christopher M; Bishop, Steven R

    2016-01-01

    Herd behaviour in financial markets is a recurring phenomenon that exacerbates asset price volatility, and is considered a possible contributor to market fragility. While numerous studies investigate herd behaviour in financial markets, it is often considered without reference to the pricing of financial instruments or other market dynamics. Here, a trader interaction model based upon informational cascades in the presence of information thresholds is used to construct a new model of asset price returns that allows for both quiescent and herd-like regimes. Agent interaction is modelled using a stochastic pulse-coupled network, parametrised by information thresholds and a network coupling probability. Agents may possess either one or two information thresholds that, in each case, determine the number of distinct states an agent may occupy before trading takes place. In the case where agents possess two thresholds (labelled as the finite state-space model, corresponding to agents' accumulating information over a bounded state-space), and where coupling strength is maximal, an asymptotic expression for the cascade-size probability is derived and shown to follow a power law when a critical value of network coupling probability is attained. For a range of model parameters, a mixture of negative binomial distributions is used to approximate the cascade-size distribution. This approximation is subsequently used to express the volatility of model price returns in terms of the model parameter which controls the network coupling probability. In the case where agents possess a single pulse-coupling threshold (labelled as the semi-infinite state-space model corresponding to agents' accumulating information over an unbounded state-space), numerical evidence is presented that demonstrates volatility clustering and long-memory patterns in the volatility of asset returns. Finally, output from the model is compared to both the distribution of historical stock returns and the market

  2. A Financial Market Model Incorporating Herd Behaviour.

    Christopher M Wray

    Full Text Available Herd behaviour in financial markets is a recurring phenomenon that exacerbates asset price volatility, and is considered a possible contributor to market fragility. While numerous studies investigate herd behaviour in financial markets, it is often considered without reference to the pricing of financial instruments or other market dynamics. Here, a trader interaction model based upon informational cascades in the presence of information thresholds is used to construct a new model of asset price returns that allows for both quiescent and herd-like regimes. Agent interaction is modelled using a stochastic pulse-coupled network, parametrised by information thresholds and a network coupling probability. Agents may possess either one or two information thresholds that, in each case, determine the number of distinct states an agent may occupy before trading takes place. In the case where agents possess two thresholds (labelled as the finite state-space model, corresponding to agents' accumulating information over a bounded state-space, and where coupling strength is maximal, an asymptotic expression for the cascade-size probability is derived and shown to follow a power law when a critical value of network coupling probability is attained. For a range of model parameters, a mixture of negative binomial distributions is used to approximate the cascade-size distribution. This approximation is subsequently used to express the volatility of model price returns in terms of the model parameter which controls the network coupling probability. In the case where agents possess a single pulse-coupling threshold (labelled as the semi-infinite state-space model corresponding to agents' accumulating information over an unbounded state-space, numerical evidence is presented that demonstrates volatility clustering and long-memory patterns in the volatility of asset returns. Finally, output from the model is compared to both the distribution of historical stock

  3. A Financial Market Model Incorporating Herd Behaviour

    2016-01-01

    Herd behaviour in financial markets is a recurring phenomenon that exacerbates asset price volatility, and is considered a possible contributor to market fragility. While numerous studies investigate herd behaviour in financial markets, it is often considered without reference to the pricing of financial instruments or other market dynamics. Here, a trader interaction model based upon informational cascades in the presence of information thresholds is used to construct a new model of asset price returns that allows for both quiescent and herd-like regimes. Agent interaction is modelled using a stochastic pulse-coupled network, parametrised by information thresholds and a network coupling probability. Agents may possess either one or two information thresholds that, in each case, determine the number of distinct states an agent may occupy before trading takes place. In the case where agents possess two thresholds (labelled as the finite state-space model, corresponding to agents’ accumulating information over a bounded state-space), and where coupling strength is maximal, an asymptotic expression for the cascade-size probability is derived and shown to follow a power law when a critical value of network coupling probability is attained. For a range of model parameters, a mixture of negative binomial distributions is used to approximate the cascade-size distribution. This approximation is subsequently used to express the volatility of model price returns in terms of the model parameter which controls the network coupling probability. In the case where agents possess a single pulse-coupling threshold (labelled as the semi-infinite state-space model corresponding to agents’ accumulating information over an unbounded state-space), numerical evidence is presented that demonstrates volatility clustering and long-memory patterns in the volatility of asset returns. Finally, output from the model is compared to both the distribution of historical stock returns and the

  4. CHALLENGES OF FINANCIAL AUDIT - THE IMPACT OF INTRODUCING UNIQUE REGULATION OF FINANCIAL MARKETS IN ROMANIA

    Mitica Pepi; Traian Cristin Nicolae

    2013-01-01

    The theme of our research is related to the new type of relationship between financial audits (statutory) and unique regulation of financial markets in Romania.The Romanian authorities have decided as from 2013 regulation of financial markets, capital market, insurance market and private pensions market to achieve by a single entity, this situation will also lead to a number of challenges in the relationship between the auditor and the new regulatory regime. The main elements of our study are...

  5. Intermediaries, Financial Markets and Growth: Some more International Evidence

    Afonso, António; Ferreira, Raquel; Freitas, Edmund; Nóbrega, Celso; Pinheiro, José

    2003-01-01

    We examine how financial institutions affect growth, taking into the account the organisational features of the financial system namely systems characterised by strong financial intermediaries and systems where the financial markets assume a more important role. We use a panel of 24 developed and developing countries over the 70s, 80s and 90s, to evaluate the existence of possible links between the type of preponderant financial system (bank-based or more capital markets based) and economic g...

  6. Uncertainty in an Interconnected Financial System, Contagion, and Market Freezes

    Li, Mei; Milne, Frank; Qui, Junfeng

    2013-01-01

    This paper studies contagion and market freezes caused by uncertainty in financial network structures and provides theoretical guidance for central banks. We establish a formal model to demonstrate that, in a financial system where financial institutions are interconnected, a negative shock to an individual financial institution could spread to other institutions, causing market freezes because of creditors’ uncertainty about the financial network structure. Central bank policies to allevia...

  7. International market integration and market interdependence: evidence from China's stock market in the post-WTO accession period

    He, Hongbo

    2012-01-01

    The Chinese government has implemented a series of financial liberalisation policies in stock market after China’s accession into the WTO in 2001. However, it remains somewhat unclear whether and to what extent China’s financial liberalisation has influenced its stock market in the post-WTO accession period. This thesis examines this issue from the perspectives of international market integration and market interdependence. This thesis mainly includes three empirical studies: 1) gauging the d...

  8. Integration level of equity markets in APEC’s emerging countries: Are emerging markets regionally or globallyintegrated?

    Ho Szee Yah, Cynthia; Dinh, Anh Thi Quynh

    2010-01-01

    Supported by the investment barriers removal, financial deregulation and improvedmacroeconomic policies during the last three decades, the process of financial integration inthose markets, emerging markets in general and emerging markets within Asia PacificEconomic Cooperation (APEC) in particular, has been pro-actively accessed these days.Moreover, recent trend in globalization in many APEC countries and especially in theemerging markets has triggered a stronger financial integration progres...

  9. Fragmentation in European Financial Markets: Measures, Determinants, and Policy Solutions

    Maria Abascal; Tatiana Alonso; Sergio Mayordomo

    2013-01-01

    This paper measures fragmentation in four European financial markets (interbank, sovereign debt, equity, and the CDS market for financial institutions) and develops a new measure of global fragmentation using these markets as inputs. We find that, during the recent crisis, fragmentation in the interbank market has been, on average, higher in the peripheral countries than in the core ones and it has increased particularly during periods of financial stress. Among the most significant factors t...

  10. The consequence of financial crises in Albanian insurance market

    Edmira Cakrani

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The Albanian insurance market is not influenced considerably from current financial crisis. Early yet phase of development with the very low penetration level explains steadiness of insurance market to exposure influence of global financial crisis. Another factor contributed to stability of insurance market is focusing insurance businesses more on the compulsory insurance segment which is not fully liberalized. Conservative investment policies of Albanian insurers also contributed to avoiding influence of market risks induced by world financial crisis.

  11. Risk and Market Segmentation in Financial Intermediaries’ Returns

    Linda Allen; Julapa Jagtiani

    1996-01-01

    This study examines both the quantity and price of risk exposure for different segments of financial intermediaries in order to determine whether market segmentation exists in the financial services industry in the United States. We distinguish between depository institutions, securities firms, insurance companies, mutual funds, and other financial firms using each company s SIC code. We find evidence of market segmentation in both market risk levels and market risk premiums. The results prov...

  12. International Financial Integration and Crisis Contagion

    Michael B. Devereux; Changhua Yu

    2014-01-01

    International financial integration helps to diversify risk but also may increase the trans- mission of crises across countries. We provide a quantitative analysis of this trade-off in a two-country general equilibrium model with endogenous portfolio choice and collateral con- straints. Collateral constraints bind occasionally, depending upon the state of the economy and levels of inherited debt. The analysis allows for different degrees of financial integration, moving from financial autarky...

  13. Essays on financial integration and institutional quality

    Dadašov, Ramin Rufat Oglu

    2013-01-01

    This thesis comprises four individual essays and deals with the question of how international financial integration may influence quality of economic institutions in developing countries. While the first three essays provide theoretical models of different channels, through which financial integration may affect institutional quality, the last work is an empirical investigation into the influence of liberalization of the financial account on institutional development. The first essay „Financi...

  14. ECONOMIC-LAW COLLISIONS IN FINANCIAL MARKETS RESEARCH

    S. Naumenkova

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In the article different approaches in interpretation of the notion “financial market” itself, in investigating its functions and instruments are analyzed. The author shows specific usage of particular instruments of financial markets in different countries, draws a conclusion about growth of significance of instrumental structure of financial market for the Russian Federation.

  15. Quantifying meta-correlations in financial markets

    Kenett, Dror Y.; Preis, Tobias; Gur-Gershgoren, Gitit; Ben-Jacob, Eshel

    2012-08-01

    Financial markets are modular multi-level systems, in which the relationships between the individual components are not constant in time. Sudden changes in these relationships significantly affect the stability of the entire system, and vice versa. Our analysis is based on historical daily closing prices of the 30 components of the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) from March 15th, 1939 until December 31st, 2010. We quantify the correlation among these components by determining Pearson correlation coefficients, to investigate whether mean correlation of the entire portfolio can be used as a precursor for changes in the index return. To this end, we quantify the meta-correlation - the correlation of mean correlation and index return. We find that changes in index returns are significantly correlated with changes in mean correlation. Furthermore, we study the relationship between the index return and correlation volatility - the standard deviation of correlations for a given time interval. This parameter provides further evidence of the effect of the index on market correlations and their fluctuations. Our empirical findings provide new information and quantification of the index leverage effect, and have implications to risk management, portfolio optimization, and to the increased stability of financial markets.

  16. Financial Convergence Analysis: Implication for Insurance and Pension Markets

    Natalia P. Kuznetsova

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The proposed paper is one of a set of articles dedicated to the new phenomenon in the global and national financial marketsfinancial convergence – and is focused on theoretical issues. The hypothesis of the article is to argue whether the financial convergence determines the directions of financial market (namely, insurance and pension sectors development. Adequately the goal of this paper is to analyze the existence of convergence processes in the insurance and pension markets. Methods of systematic and logical analysis are used. In the first part authors give brief history of the convergence phenomenon research. Then the paper analyses influence of financial convergence on insurance and pension markets, manifested in the following effects: mix of financial institutions functions; distribution channels advantages, increase of insurance and pension funds companies’ competitiveness; governance models convergence. The major results of the study are: demographic shifts in different developed and emerging markets countries caused the need to reform the social security systems and public pension schemes and refocus them to the market-based financial convergence model; pension funds, acting as institutional investors, are the leading players in the contemporary global financial market; competition at the financial market causes the expansion of a number of services offered by various organizations: banks, insurance companies, pension funds and so on, which offer a wide range of services not directly related to their core businesses; the mixing of financial institutions functions from the insurance, pension and banking sectors, increased competition for customers at the national and global financial market.

  17. Financial market and growth: Evidence from post-reforms India

    Prity Sinha

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A significant boom occurred in the Indian financial market and growth in the post-liberalization era. This motivates us to analyze the impact of stock market and credit market (two components of financial market for the growth of financial market. This paper attempts to show the linkage between stock and credit markets and their impact on the Indian economy taking the period after post-liberalization. The period of analysis is from 1994 to 2010; we identify the three variables as stationary and find a relationship between the financial market and gross domestic product (GDP and a long-run effect of lagged differences in credit market on GDP. It has been inferred that stock market development has larger and more significant long-run mutual effects on economic growth than credit market development in India.

  18. MARKETING MIX IN FINANCIAL INVESTMENT SERVICES COMPANIES

    Ioana Ancuța IANCU

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Given that services of Financial Investment Services Companies can be very similar (described by law, it's very important that they be distinguished by certain elements from competitors, thereby gaining market share. How can they do that? By adding value for customers. International literature offers views on creating competitive advantage considering the elements of the Marketing Mix: product, price, placement, promotion, personnel, process and physical evidence. From our experience in brokerage business, but also from our research in this field, we conclude that product and prices policies should be considered in periods of economic growth and stagnation. If in times of crisis we find no significant differences between companies (regardless of the number of products or the fees they have, in a stabilized economy, precisely this policies makes the difference between competitors.

  19. Non-bank Financial Institutions and Capital Markets in Turkey

    World Bank

    2003-01-01

    This study analyses the state of development, and prospects of future growth of Turkish non-bank financial institutions, and capital markets. Currently, credit markets in Turkey are dominated by banking, and capital markets are dominated by Government securities. Longstanding macro-economic instability, and inflation have discouraged investment in financial assets, and crowded out funding ...

  20. Integration of European Bond Markets

    Christiansen, Charlotte

    2014-01-01

    I investigate the time variation in the integration of EU government bond markets. The integration is measured by the explanatory power of European factor portfolios for the individual bond markets for each year. The integration of the government bond markets is stronger for EMU than non-EMU memb......I investigate the time variation in the integration of EU government bond markets. The integration is measured by the explanatory power of European factor portfolios for the individual bond markets for each year. The integration of the government bond markets is stronger for EMU than non......-EMU members and stronger for old than new EU members. For EMU countries, the integration is weaker the lower the credit rating is. During the recent crisis periods, the integration is weaker, particularly for EMU countries....

  1. THE VOLATILITY OF THE FINANCIAL MARKET – A QUANTITATIVE APPROACH

    Mester Ioana Teodora

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available During the last years, the financial markets have been subject to significant fluctuations of their financial actives. These spectacular movements have revived the interest, in the academic circles and policy makers and regulation and control authorities as well, for the financial market volatility. The analysis of these phenomena is justified by the fact that the stock exchange chocks have significant effects on the financial stability and they can lead to serious consequences in the real economy.

  2. The implications of electronic trading in financial markets

    Bank for International Settlements

    2001-01-01

    Preface The Committee on the Global Financial System (CGFS), known until 1999 as the Euro-Currency Standing Committee, serves as a discussion forum for the central bank community on financial stability questions. The CGFS has frequently been asked to examine the potential implications of innovations in global financial market practices. Recent projects by CGFS working groups have concerned the functioning of international interbank markets, financial derivatives and the systemic consequences ...

  3. THE VOLATILITY OF THE FINANCIAL MARKET – A QUANTITATIVE APPROACH

    Mester Ioana Teodora

    2008-01-01

    During the last years, the financial markets have been subject to significant fluctuations of their financial actives. These spectacular movements have revived the interest, in the academic circles and policy makers and regulation and control authorities as well, for the financial market volatility. The analysis of these phenomena is justified by the fact that the stock exchange chocks have significant effects on the financial stability and they can lead to serious consequences in the real ec...

  4. Greece’s Stock Market Integration with Southeast Europe

    Khaled Guesmi; Zied Ftiti; Ilyes Abid

    2014-01-01

    This paper analyzes the time-varying integration of the Greek stock market from a regional perspective by using a conditional version of the international capital asset pricing model (ICAPM) allowing for dynamic changes in the degree of market integration, regional market currency risk, and local market risk. We show that the prices of risk are extremely sensitive to major international economic and political events such as the different monetary and financial crises in Asian and Latin Americ...

  5. DEVELOPMENT OF NONBANKING FINANCIAL MARKET THROUGH FISCAL INCENTIVES: ALBANIAN CASE

    Flora Musta; Gentiana Sharku

    2011-01-01

    An efficient financial market in any economy stimulates the economic growth through mobilizing the savings and promoting the investments. The Albanian economy has passed through a long period of transition which means a transformation of all the financial market and institutions. But not all the financial institutions are uniformly developed. Actually more attention is given to the transformation and development of the banking industry and less to the non-banking markets i.e. insurance, pensi...

  6. Incomplete Financial Markets and Jumps in Asset Prices

    Crès, Hervé; Markeprand, Tobias Ejnar; Tvede, Mich

    A dynamic pure-exchange general equilibrium model with uncertainty is studied. Fundamentals are supposed to depend continuously on states of nature. It is shown that: 1. if financial markets are complete, then asset prices vary continuously with states of nature, and; 2. if financial markets are...... incomplete, jumps in asset prices may be unavoidable. Consequently incomplete financial markets may increase volatility in asset prices significantly....

  7. Does financial integration spur economic growth?, new evidence from the first era of financial globalization

    Schularick, Moritz; Thomas M. Steger

    2006-01-01

    Does international financial integration boost economic growth? The question has been discussed controversially for a long time, and a large number of studies has been devoted to its empirical investigation. As of yet, robust evidence for a positive impact of capital market integration on economic growth is lacking, as documented by Edison et al. (2002). However, there is substantial narrative evidence from economic history that highlights the contribution European capital made to economic gr...

  8. CHALLENGES OF FINANCIAL AUDIT - THE IMPACT OF INTRODUCING UNIQUE REGULATION OF FINANCIAL MARKETS IN ROMANIA

    Mitica Pepi

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The theme of our research is related to the new type of relationship between financial audits (statutory and unique regulation of financial markets in Romania.The Romanian authorities have decided as from 2013 regulation of financial markets, capital market, insurance market and private pensions market to achieve by a single entity, this situation will also lead to a number of challenges in the relationship between the auditor and the new regulatory regime. The main elements of our study are: the relationship between the audit committee and regulatory authority; quality of financial reporting for financial market entities. The auditor plays an important role in financial markets because it certifies the financial statements in accordance with European Union practice . It is also interesting to note potential interference that can occur in single regulation between compliance audit and financial stability and return on investment between performance audit and financial markets.In this case, financial regulation can coexist with compliance audit. EU legislation recommends that the auditor discuss with the audit committee the quality and acceptability of the financial reporting process.This recommendation is what should constitute a possible consensus to be highly unlikely between audit committees would align auditors in financial reporting disputes with management financial entities. In this regard, auditors should identify the factors we consider important in determining the quality of financial reporting. .We conducted this research in an effort to identify the possible divergence between the type of regulations that can emit single regulatory authority and the audit process. New regulator will operate on two levels, issue general regulations apply to all three categories of financial markets, capital market, insurance market and private pensions market, but in the same time and in greater extent will issue specific regulations of each market in

  9. Malliavin method for optimal investment in financial markets with memory

    An Qiguang

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available We consider a financial market with memory effects in which wealth processes are driven by mean-field stochastic Volterra equations. In this financial market, the classical dynamic programming method can not be used to study the optimal investment problem, because the solution of mean-field stochastic Volterra equation is not a Markov process. In this paper, a new method through Malliavin calculus introduced in [1], can be used to obtain the optimal investment in a Volterra type financial market. We show a sufficient and necessary condition for the optimal investment in this financial market with memory by mean-field stochastic maximum principle.

  10. Developing regional financial markets – the case of East Asia

    Pomerleano, Michael

    2008-01-01

    "The paper explores the extent and benefits of financial integration in East Asia. It presents evidence that the extent of financial integration in East Asia is less extensive than the aggregate data suggests. The paper then addresses why some countries are integrated more than others and discusses the obstacles to regional financial integration. The paper points out that East Asia’s growth strategy has shaped bank centric financial systems. An important thesis presented in the...

  11. Internal and external market orientation as organizational resources - consequences for market and financial performance

    Boris Snoj

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The concept of internal marketing has been discussed in marketing literature for over 30 years. Despite this fact there is little theoretical and empirical evidence of the way in which the internal market orientation impacts market and financial performance. On the other hand, there is considerable empirical evidence concerning the impact of the external market orientation on market and financial performance. Consequently, very few research projects have dealt with the impact of both market orientations on the performance of companies. In this paper a structural model was constructed, consisting of the internal market orientation, external market orientation, market performance and financial performance. With the help of the structural equation model the hypothesis that the internal market orientation is a significant predecessor of the external market orientation was confirmed. The external market orientation was found to significantly influence market as well as financial performance.

  12. Financial Innovation and Current Trends in U.S. Financial Markets

    Mishkin, Frederic S.

    1990-01-01

    This paper discusses recent developments in U.S. financial markets and provides an economic analysis of why various recent financial innovations have occurred. This will not only provide us with s better understanding of existing financial markets in the United States and why they have been undergoing so much change in recent years, but it also may provide us with clues as to where our financial system may be heading.

  13. Adoption of the Objectives of the Monetary and Economic Union and European Financial Integration

    MĂDĂLINA RĂDOI

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The European concerns, with old traditions in forming multinational financial markets, developed in the integration of the financial markets and of the European banking systems which allowed the investors from any European country to follow the orders on the best market, through the best beneficiary, benefitting from the most effective financial-banking services. This market offers sophisticated and modern financial tools, which cope with the needs of the invertors, portfolio managers, transnational companies and traders, having an impact over the balanced economic development of the European countries and unemployment reduction.

  14. Money Market Integration in Europe

    Sylvester C. W. Eijffinger; Jan J.G. Lemmen

    1995-01-01

    This paper examines European money market integration over the period March 1979 - August 1992. We specify three different criteria for short-term capital mobility, i.e. covered nominal interest parity, uncovered nominal interest parity and real interest parity, to assess the degree and the speed of money market integration in Europe. The paper ends with a unique trade-off between the degree and the speed of money market integration in Europe.

  15. Banking and Financial Markets in the New Economy. Impact of the Financial Institutions Banking

    Balaceanu Valeria Arina

    2011-01-01

    Use of new technologies and how the circulation of information, in banking, globalization emphasizes more than any other field. Today, globalization of financial markets is a priority both for multinational companies and governments and international institutions. The degree of priority is determined by financial markets ensure that the entire global economy connection. Financial crisis calls into question the situation of areas (components) of the capital markets less regulated and controlle...

  16. Measuring the Impact of Financial Crisis on International Markets: An Application of the Financial Stress Index

    Apostolos G. Christopoulos; John Mylonakis; Christos Koromilas

    2011-01-01

    The scope of paper is to examine whether the recent financial crisis has had any impact on international capital markets and more precisely on the 4 primary international stock markets of England, France, Japan, the United States and Greece. The research is based on the use of the Financial Stress Index (FSI) from July 2005 until December 2008 and August 2009. Research results showed that the recent financial crisis has had a negative impact on all examined markets, with the Tokyo stock excha...

  17. Correlation of financial markets in times of crisis

    Sandoval, Leonidas; Franca, Italo De Paula

    2012-01-01

    Using the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of correlations matrices of some of the main financial market indices in the world, we show that high volatility of markets is directly linked with strong correlations between them. This means that markets tend to behave as one during great crashes. In order to do so, we investigate financial market crises that occurred in the years 1987 (Black Monday), 1998 (Russian crisis), 2001 (Burst of the dot-com bubble and September 11), and 2008 (Subprime Mortgage Crisis), which mark some of the largest downturns of financial markets in the last three decades.

  18. EVALUATION OF CONTRIBUTION OF DEBT MARKET IN INDIAN FINANCIAL MARKET: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY

    K. Ekambaram

    2014-01-01

    Indian Debt market is the financial market with two segment viz. the government securities market and corporate bond market, but the size of the latter is only about 14% of the total debt market. This is reflective of both, the relative recurrent fiscal deficits and the underdeveloped status of the corporate debt market. In spite of liberalization in stock market the share of debt market is still at bottom level when we compare it with equity market. Even in debt market the maj...

  19. Limited Market Participation, Financial Intermediaries,And Endogenous Growth

    Ohno, Hiroaki

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyzes the role of imperfect asset markets and financial intermediaries in determining the equilibrium growth rate of the capital stock by incorporating exogenous market participation constraints into an overlapping generation¡¯s economy. Economic growth and social welfare monotonically increase with the degree of market participation. Hence, economies with financial intermediaries have a stronger potential for a higher growth rate than economies with imperfect markets lacking su...

  20. Financial Market Risk and U.S. Money Demand

    David Cook; Woon Gyu Choi

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines empirically U.S. broad money demand emphasizing the role of financial market risk. We find that money demand rises with the liquidity risk of stock markets or the credit risk of corporate bond markets. After controlling for the effect of financial market risk, money demand becomes relatively stable over the last 35 years. At the sectoral level, household money holdings continue to be stable in a traditional model controlling for a decline in transactions costs for investin...

  1. The Impact Of Economic News On Financial Markets

    Parker, John

    2007-01-01

    This paper analyzes the impact of economic news, that is, the difference between economic announcements and what was anticipated, on financial markets. The three contributions of this paper are, first, the market expectation is derived from economic derivative prices that allow a full distribution for the market expectation to be derived. Economic derivatives data better predict financial market movements and also allow for testing whether there is information in the high moments of th...

  2. The Mechanism of Stock Market Integration: Evidence for the Taiwan and U.S. Stock Markets

    Min-Hsien Chiang

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates sources of the comovement of the Taiwan and U.S. stock markets. The empirical evidence shows that both economic fundamentals and equity risk premiums can act as transmission mechanisms of both markets. In the meantime, the financial integration is much stronger than real economic integration. Moreover, the deregulation of foreign investments in Taiwan and the Southeast Asian financial crisis in 1997 did not alter the transmission mechanisms of real economic and equity risk premium factors."

  3. Geometry of Financial Markets -- Towards Information Theory Model of Markets

    Piotrowski, E W; Piotrowski, Edward W.; Sladkowski, Jan

    2006-01-01

    Most of parameters used to describe states and dynamics of financial market depend on proportions of the appropriate variables rather than on their actual values. Therefore, projective geometry seems to be the correct language to describe the theater of financial activities. We suppose that the object of interest of agents, called here baskets, form a vector space over the reals. A portfolio is defined as an equivalence class of baskets containing assets in the same proportions. Therefore portfolios form a projective space. Cross ratios, being invariants of projective maps, form key structures in the proposed model. Quotation with respect to an asset X (i.e. in units of X) are given by linear maps. Among various types of metrics that have financial interpretation, the min-max metrics on the space of quotations can be introduced. This metrics has an interesting interpretation in terms of rates of return. It can be generalized so that to incorporate a new numerical parameter (called temperature) that describes ...

  4. When Can Social Media Lead Financial Markets?

    Zheludev, Ilya; Smith, Robert; Aste, Tomaso

    2014-02-01

    Social media analytics is showing promise for the prediction of financial markets. However, the true value of such data for trading is unclear due to a lack of consensus on which instruments can be predicted and how. Current approaches are based on the evaluation of message volumes and are typically assessed via retrospective (ex-post facto) evaluation of trading strategy returns. In this paper, we present instead a sentiment analysis methodology to quantify and statistically validate which assets could qualify for trading from social media analytics in an ex-ante configuration. We use sentiment analysis techniques and Information Theory measures to demonstrate that social media message sentiment can contain statistically-significant ex-ante information on the future prices of the S&P500 index and a limited set of stocks, in excess of what is achievable using solely message volumes.

  5. Financial european integration policy of Ukraine

    Kateryna Kovtonyuk

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The article reviews the theoretical foundations of legitimate nature of formation of the global financial space and its regional subsystems, which primarily influenced by the objective economic laws. It was proven that systemic interaction of these laws creates the foundation for the global financial space based on a comprehensive process of internationalisation of economic life in the form of integration and globalisation. Increased influence of these laws helps define integration as a leading pattern of the global financial space. The multilevel system of the regional financial space contributes to its harmonisation and facilitation of accession of new players. It was ascertained that the European Union is one of the most successful integration associations. The necessity of Ukraine’s integration into the European financial sector was reasoned. The article contains the comparative analysis of statistics and financial and economic convergence indicators showing the prerequisites for expanding of the integration kernel (the Eurozone as well as of the most effective integration mechanism.

  6. Geo-Financial Association of Ukrainian Stock Market with European Stock Exchanges: Modern Trends

    Olena Slozko; Anna Glazova

    2015-01-01

    The paper investigates geo-financial association of Ukrainian stock market within the system of European stock exchange mechanisms. It analyzes current trends on Ukrainian stock exchanges and aims at considering and drawing possible ways and paths for integrating the Ukrainian stock market into the European stock exchange market framework. The authors believe that IT network is a strong background for further sustainable transformation of Ukrainian stock market and its consolidation with the ...

  7. Best Practice: Integrated Marketing Communications

    Schultz, Don; Macdonald, Emma K.; Baines, Paul R.

    2012-01-01

    Integrated marketing communications can substantially improve target audience reception, message resonance, and positive behavioural response but, to reach its true potential, the process requires a strong focus on data integration/customer insight.

  8. The Romanian Municipal Bond Market and the International Financial Crisis

    VALENTINA VASILE

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available In Romania, the bond market was set up later, comparatively to the equity market. This market is in a development process, but the international financial crisis has affected even the interest of investors in bonds. The secondary municipal bond market is not a very liquid market because these securities are bought from the primary market and held in portfolios by investors because these bonds have a low risk. The issue of these bonds is correlated with the financial independence and the level of decentralization of the local public authorities. The issuance of these bonds is correlated with financial independence and decentralization level specific to local public authorities. Under crisis conditions, the volatility of this market is more significant, the increasing deficits of local budgets decreasing the interest of the middle-class in investing in such financial instruments.

  9. Financial market breakdown due to strategy constraints and information asymmetry

    Hu, Jie

    1995-01-01

    This paper demonstrates the relevance of strategy constraints on market makers to the possibility of financial market breakdown when there is information asymmetry between market makers and investors; both the case of competitive market makers and the case of a monopolistic market marker are included. Specifically, the paper discusses three types of strategy constraints on the market makers and their implications for the equilibria. The results call attention to the need for more precise spec...

  10. The financialization of home and the mortgage market crisis

    M.B. Aalbers

    2008-01-01

    Financialization can be characterized as capital switching from the primary, secondary or tertiary circuit to the quaternary circuit of capital. Housing is a central aspect of financialization. The financialization of mortgage markets demands that not just homes but also homeowners become viewed as

  11. Financial Institutions and Markets across Countries and over Time

    Beck, Thorsten; Demirgüç-Kunt, Asli; Levine, Ross

    2010-01-01

    This article introduces the updated and expanded version of the Financial Development and Structure Database. The database includes indicators on the size, efficiency, and stability of banks, nonbank financial institutions, and equity and bond markets over 1960–2007. It also contains indicators of financial globalization.

  12. Bank Competition and International Financial Integration:Evidence Using a New Index

    Pasricha, Gurnain

    2009-01-01

    In the debate on the benefits and costs of international financial integration recent literature has emphasized thresholds in the development of domestic markets as preconditions to benefitting from international integration. This paper offers an alternative view - that of development of competition in domestic markets as an aide to de-facto openness. Lack of competition in domestic financial systems may prevent countries from reaping the benefits of international integration simply because t...

  13. Marketing investment courage and financial performance - A study of profiles and financial implications among Finnish firms

    Karvonen, Vilma

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to research what marketing investment courage is and how it can impact firms’ financial performance. The literature review provides a theoretical overview of marketing investments, their characteristics and targets, investment courage and the routes through which marketing investment courage can impact firms’ financial performance through actual investments. The empirical study investigates the current state of marketing investment courage among Finnish companies....

  14. INTEGRATION OF FINANCIAL AND NON-FINANCIAL REPORTS UNDER MANAGEMENT CONDITIONS

    Mihail PRODANCIUK

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the assessment of the development of integrated reports overseas and describes the stages of establishment of such a system. The form and structure of corporate reporting is developed, and is differentiated, reflecting the integrated information regarding aspects of financial and non-financial activity: statistical indicators, economical, financial and social, company strategy, future cash flows, the value of human capital, and the stability of the business model. Goals and objectives of corporate reports are determined, which consist in providing reliable information on all company activities in accordance with strategic objectives and management models. The structure of the integrated report takes into consideration the requirements of the management system, of the legislative bodies and other institutions, and is considered the basis for the development of branch reports models. Its structure will depend on the size of the legal-organizational form and the social value of the company in society. The author of the article suggests three approaches to achieving corporate reports in the section of social responsibility indicators; where each company chooses the form of reporting in accordance with the available categories that depend on the size and strategic policy. The suggested integrated reports are instrumental to the observance of the stable development doctrines and will become a tool that, in the near future, will ensure the company an effective interaction with financial markets and the stakeholders of market relations.

  15. Integration of financial and non-financial reports under management conditions

    Prodanciuk Mihail

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the assessment of the development of integrated reports overseas and describes the stages of establishment of such a system. The form and structure of corporate reporting is developed, and is differentiated, reflecting the integrated information regarding aspects of financial and non-financial activity: statistical indicators, economical, financial and social, company strategy, future cash flows, the value of human capital, and the stability of the business model. Goals and objectives of corporate reports are determined, which consist in providing reliable information on all company activities in accordance with strategic objectives and management models.The structure of the integrated report takes into consideration the requirements of the management system, of the legislative bodies and other institutions, and is considered the basis for the development of branch reports models. Its structure will depend on the size of the legal-organizational form and the social value of the company in society. The author of the article suggests three approaches to achieving corporate reports in the section of social responsibility indicators; where each company chooses the form of reporting in accordance with the available categories that depend on the size and strategic policy. The suggested integrated reports are instrumental to the observance of the stable development doctrines and will become a tool that, in the near future, will ensure the company an effective interaction with financial markets and the stakeholders of market relations.

  16. Financial Derivatives Market for Grid Computing

    Aubert, David; Lindset, Snorre; Huuse, Henning

    2007-01-01

    This Master thesis studies the feasibility and properties of a financial derivatives market on Grid computing, a service for sharing computing resources over a network such as the Internet. For the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) to perform research with the world's largest and most complex machine, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), Grid computing was developed to handle the information created. In accordance with the mandate of CERN Technology Transfer (TT) group, this thesis is a part of CERN's dissemination of the Grid technology. The thesis gives a brief overview of the use of the Grid technology and where it is heading. IT trend analysts and large-scale IT vendors see this technology as key in transforming the world of IT. They predict that in a matter of years, IT will be bought as a service, instead of a good. Commoditization of IT, delivered as a service, is a paradigm shift that will have a broad impact on all parts of the IT market, as well as on the society as a whole. Political, e...

  17. Editorial: AABFJ Volume 8, Issue 4 Special Issue in Financial Markets and Financial Instruments

    Ciorstan Smark

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Financial planning in Australia is in a time of change and challenge. Educational standards and regulation are in flux. There is a strong need to move financial planning into a more esteemed professional position as financial planners are not always considered the safest source of advice for people in Asia and the pacific rim when it comes to investing their much needed retirement funds. This Special Issue on Financial Planning and Financial Instruments brings together articles from financial planning, banking, financial markets and retirement policy.

  18. FINANCIAL MARKET TESTS OF INFORMATIONAL EFFICIENCY: THE CASE OF EMERGENT MARKETS

    OPREAN Camelia; BRATIAN Vasile

    2012-01-01

    Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) has attracted a considerable number of studies in empirical finance, particularly in determining the market efficiency of an emerging financial market. These efficiency tests in the emerging financial markets are rarely definitive in reaching a conclusion about the presence of market efficiency in terms of information. This paper tests the weak-form market informational efficiency in Romania. We test the random walk hypothesis of stock exchange index BET of B...

  19. Hierarchical structure of stock price fluctuations in financial markets

    The financial market and turbulence have been broadly compared on account of the same quantitative methods and several common stylized facts they share. In this paper, the She–Leveque (SL) hierarchy, proposed to explain the anomalous scaling exponents deviating from Kolmogorov monofractal scaling of the velocity fluctuation in fluid turbulence, is applied to study and quantify the hierarchical structure of stock price fluctuations in financial markets. We therefore observed certain interesting results: (i) the hierarchical structure related to multifractal scaling generally presents in all the stock price fluctuations we investigated. (ii) The quantitatively statistical parameters that describe SL hierarchy are different between developed financial markets and emerging ones, distinctively. (iii) For the high-frequency stock price fluctuation, the hierarchical structure varies with different time periods. All these results provide a novel analogy in turbulence and financial market dynamics and an insight to deeply understand multifractality in financial markets. (paper)

  20. Practical volatility and correlation modeling for financial market risk management

    Andersen, Torben G.; Tim BOLLERSLEV; Christoffersen, Peter F.; Diebold, Francis X.

    2005-01-01

    What do academics have to offer market risk management practitioners in financial institutions? Current industry practice largely follows one of two extremely restrictive approaches: historical simulation or RiskMetrics. In contrast, we favor flexible methods based on recent developments in financial econometrics, which are likely to produce more accurate assessments of market risk. Clearly, the demands of real-world risk management in financial institutions -- in particular, real-time risk t...

  1. UNREGULATED MARKETS AND INTERNET FINANCIAL COMMUNICATION: QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES

    Laetitia Pozniak

    2015-01-01

    This research examines voluntary financial communication on the Internet by companies quoted on Brussels’ unregulated markets. In the absence of obligation to communicate, we wish to know if companies quoted on these markets are proactive regarding financial disclosure on their website? We also identify determinants of the level of internet financial communication. Have the characteristics of the SME an impact on this level? What brought the managers of these SME to disclose or not financia...

  2. The Realism of Assumptions Does Matter: Why Keynes-Minsky Theory Must Replace Efficient Market Theory as the Guide to Financial Regulation Policy

    Crotty, James

    2011-01-01

    The radical deregulation of financial markets after the 1970s was a precondition for the explosion in size, complexity, volatility and degree of global integration of financial markets in the past three decades. It therefore contributed to the severity and breadth of the recent global financial crisis. It is not likely that deregulation would have been so extreme and the crisis so threatening had most financial economists adopted Keynes-Minsky financial market theory, which concludes that unr...

  3. INTEGRATED MARKETING COMMUNICATION IN POLITICS?

    Ovidiu-Aurel GHIUŢĂ

    2009-01-01

    The current study has practical applicability in politic al domain and theoretical involvement at political marketing communication level. The type of the research is a qualitative one, using as survey methods scientific observation and documentary search. The aim of the research is to prove the applicability of marketing communication concept integrated in political marketing and global marketing communication. There are also exceptions, just analyzing the industry – politics, in which integ...

  4. Industry Risk and Market Integration

    Francesca Carrieri; Vihang Errunza; Sergei Sarkissian

    2004-01-01

    Traditionally, integration has been studied at the country level. With increasing economic integration, industrial reorganization, and blurring of national boundaries (e.g., European Union (EU)), it is important to investigate global integration at the industry level. We argue that country-level integration (segmentation) does not preclude industry-level segmentation (integration). Indeed, our results suggest that a country is integrated with (segmented from) the world capital markets only if...

  5. Regulating financial markets: Costs and trade-offs

    Górnicka, L.A.

    2015-01-01

    This thesis studies the interactions between the institutional design of financial systems, and the financial agents that regulatory institutions supervise. It explores the channels through which financial regulation affects financial agents’ lending, funding, and risk-taking decisions. By introducing regulatory and market penalties for non-compliance with minimum capital requirements, this thesis investigates the responses of bank capital ratios to changes in the regulatory minimum, as envis...

  6. Financial Crises in Emerging Markets: The Lessons from 1995

    Sachs, Jeffrey D; Aaron Tornell; Andrés Velasco

    1996-01-01

    In this paper we examine closely the financial events following the Mexican peso devaluation to uncover new lessons about the nature of financial crises. We explore the question of why, during 1995, some emerging markets were hit by financial crises while others were not. To this end, we ask whether there are some fundamentals that help explain the variation in financial crises across countries or whether the variation just reflects contagion. We present a simple model identifying three facto...

  7. Market Failure, Regulation and Education of Financial Advisors

    Adam Steen; Dianne McGrath; Alfred Wong

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores the recent series of financial scandals in the Australian financial advice industry. It examines the causes, consequences and responses to theses scandals by financial institutions, investors and regulators through the lens of relevant finance theory and extant literature. Although the paper focuses on the recent Australian experience the discussion and findings presented are of relevance to financial market regulation worldwide. It is proposed that a combinati...

  8. Integration of Asean-5 Stock Markets: A Revisit

    Bakri Abdul Karim; Zulkefly Abdul Karim

    2012-01-01

    This study re-examines the integration among five selected ASEAN emerging stock markets Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines and Singapore) based on Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) bound testing approach proposed by Pesaran, Shin and Smith 2001). This study finds that the stock markets in the ASEAN region are integrated during the pre-, post-1997 and post U.S. subprime financial crisis. In line with many studies on international interdependences of stock markets, our study fin...

  9. Financial Stability and Interacting Networks of Financial Institutions and Market Infrastructures

    Léon, C.; Berndsen, R.J.; Renneboog, L.D.R.

    2014-01-01

    An interacting network coupling financial institutions’ multiplex (i.e. multi-layer) and financial market infrastructures’ single-layer networks gives an accurate picture of a financial system’s true connective architecture. We examine and compare the main properties of Colombian multiplex and inter

  10. Evolving Domestic Bond Markets and Financial Deepening in Asia

    Das Dilip K.

    2014-01-01

    The principal thesis of this paper is growth and development of the debt securities markets in Asia, which resulted in financial deepening. In the post-Asian financial crisis period development of Asian currency dominated long-term bond markets was given a high priority. Conception and launch of the ABMI initiative proved to be exceedingly meaningful in this regard. Additionally, with an objective to develop well-capitalized regional bond markets, the EMEAP group of central banks launched the...

  11. Investigating Contagion and Market Interdependence during the Global Financial Crisis

    Filip Iorgulescu

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines the roles played by market interdependence and contagion in the propagation of the 2007-2009 global financial crisis. For this purpose, five aggregate indices were employed, representing all the major financial markets from each geographical region. The data series are daily and they cover the period between 2002 and 2014. The presence of contagion and market interdependence was assessed by means of the values and value changes of the correlation coefficients between the a...

  12. The Adoption of Digital Marketing in Financial Services under Crisis

    Daj A.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Led by social media, online search, consumer generated content, virtual communities, and considering the increased focus on digital technologies, the longer-term prospects for digital marketing and the global online medium continue to be bright. Given the recent decline of the financial markets and the economic fallout, financial institutions have to implement new digital marketing techniques both for cost optimization and for dealing with the crisis of confidence.

  13. Developing Countries and the Globalization of Financial Markets

    Malcolm D. Knight

    1998-01-01

    This paper analyzes the impact of the globalization of financial markets on developing and transition economies. Differences between the responses of competitive and imperfectly competitive banking sectors cause them to affect economic activity differently. While nonbank financial markets and institutions can help to increase the competitiveness of banking sectors, there are “gaps” in the institutions and market structures of developing and transition economies. Eliminating these gaps may rei...

  14. Sovereign wealth funds in the globalization of financial markets

    Djordje Cuzovic

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses the investment funds with special emphasis on Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWFs, as new participants in the financial market. Considering that financial markets are one of the main carriers of globalization, our goal is to investigate development and the role of these investment funds with reference to contemporary theory and progressive practice of the market of developed countries. Although SWFs emerged in practice more than fifty years ago, they are not sufficiently explored in the theory.

  15. Marketing-oriented organizations: an integrated approach.

    Stensrud, R; Arrington, B

    1988-03-01

    Organizations can be oriented toward marketing from a production, product, sales, or marketing perspective. Strategies, structures, and cultures, which reflect a company's basic orientation, must be integrated to ensure that marketing efforts communicate a clear corporate position. In a study of 31 hospitals, the Center for Health Services Education Research, St. Louis University, found that no hospital's organization fit neatly into a single category. For example, a hospital may have some service lines that were marketing oriented while other lines were production oriented. The majority of hospitals, however, were product oriented, focusing on productivity and financial performance rather than on market factors. The most effective sales orientation was observed in the for-profits. Their selling efforts, however, tended to be internally focused, with product development activities divorced from the planning and marketing functions. Only the for-profit hospitals showed the beginning of a marketing orientation. Developing a marketing orientation, especially in line divisions, requires a careful, well-orchestrated effort and the presence of several key factors: Access to capital and an emphasis on long-range planning and strategic spending The availability of hospital-specific market research. Key distribution channels. Talented middle managers. Up-to-date systems and structures equipped to serve new values and strategies. Leaders capable of communicating to the organization a vision of its role in the community. PMID:10302251

  16. Financial markets regulation in the energy sector. A few financial aspects of energy transactions

    In addition to energy legislation, financial markets legislation and regulation (FMR) are becoming increasingly important for the energy sector. Consequently, parties on the energy market not only have to deal with the energy and competition authorities (the Dte and NMa respectively), but may also face supervision by The Netherlands Authority for the Financial Markets (AFM). Energy transactions may trigger certain prohibitions and obligations under financial and securities law, the most relevant of which are discussed in this article. Both the recent changes as a result of the Financial Markets Supervision Act ('Wet op het financieel toezicht', Wft) entering into force as per 1 January 2007 and the anticipated future amendments following the implementation of the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID) are examined

  17. Sustainable financial markets: Financial transaction tax and high capital buffers indispensable

    Schäfer, Dorothea

    2013-01-01

    The sustainability of the financial markets is a requirement that has only appeared on the economic policy agenda very recently, whereas a stable financial system has been a declared goal for decades. The relationship between sustainability and stability is, however, still unclear. The two terms are often used synonymously but stability is only one part of sustainability. The following outlines the requirements for sustainable financial markets based on the current general principles of envir...

  18. FInancial Integration and Interenational Portfolio Diversification : A Multivariate Analysis

    Arouri, Mohamed El Hedi

    2003-01-01

    In this article, we extend the conditional ICAPM of De Santis and Gérard (1997,1998) using an asymmetric multivariate GARCH specification. This approach, with double asymmetric effects, allows to the risk premia, betas and correlations to vary through time. Then, we investigate ex ante benefits from world market diversification. The evidence supports the financial integration hypothesis and suggests that investors from all countries could expect statistically significant benefits from interna...

  19. Volatility, persistence, and survival in financial markets.

    Constantin, M; Sarma, S Das

    2005-11-01

    We study the temporal fluctuations in time-dependent stock prices (both individual and composite) as a stochastic phenomenon using general techniques and methods of nonequilibrium statistical mechanics. In particular, we analyze stock price fluctuations as a non-Markovian stochastic process using the first-passage statistical concepts of persistence and survival. We report the results of empirical measurements of the normalized qth-order correlation functions fq(t), survival probability S(t), and persistence probability P(t) for several stock market dynamical sets. We analyze both minute-to-minute and higher-frequency stock market recordings (i.e., with the sampling time deltat of the order of days). We find that the fluctuating stock price is multifractal and the choice of deltat has no effect on the qualitative multifractal behavior displayed by the 1/q dependence of the generalized Hurst exponent Hq associated with the power-law evolution of the correlation function fq(t) approximately tHq. The probability S(t) of the stock price remaining above the average up to time t is very sensitive to the total measurement time tm and the sampling time. The probability P(t) of the stock not returning to the initial value within an interval t has a universal power-law behavior P(t) approximately t(-theta), with a persistence exponent theta close to 0.5 that agrees with the prediction theta=1-H2. The empirical financial stocks also present an interesting feature found in turbulent fluids, the extended self-similarity. PMID:16383592

  20. Eroding market stability by proliferation of financial instruments

    Caccioli, F.; Marsili, M.; Vivo, P.

    2009-10-01

    We contrast Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT), the theoretical basis for the development of financial instruments, with a dynamical picture of an interacting market, in a simple setting. The proliferation of financial instruments apparently provides more means for risk diversification, making the market more efficient and complete. In the simple market of interacting traders discussed here, the proliferation of financial instruments erodes systemic stability and it drives the market to a critical state characterized by large susceptibility, strong fluctuations and enhanced correlations among risks. This suggests that the hypothesis of APT may not be compatible with a stable market dynamics. In this perspective, market stability acquires the properties of a common good, which suggests that appropriate measures should be introduced in derivative markets, to preserve stability. in here

  1. Crisis of financial system and evolution of commodities market

    Varshavsky , Leonid

    2010-01-01

    The main stages and history of the current financial crisis are studied. The evolution of commodities market over the last decade is analyzed, as well as measures on strengthening regulation and control of the markets. Some problems of applied econometric modeling and forecasting development of commodities market are considered

  2. Innovation in the International Financial Markets

    Gunter Dufey; Ian H Giddy

    1981-01-01

    New financial techniques and instruments are created when both the demand for and the supply of those instruments become sufficiently large. New financial instruments appear almost always to represent new combinations or packages of a relatively small number of financial services. In the international context these packages are designed to cope with controls on international financial transactions and with the peculiar interest and exchange risks faced by international firms and banks. This a...

  3. Financial Literacy and Stock Market Participation

    van Rooij, M.C.J.; Lusardi, A.; Alessie, R.

    2007-01-01

    Individuals are increasingly put in charge of their financial security after retirement. Moreover, the supply of complex financial products has increased considerably over the years. However, we still have little or no information about whether individuals have the financial knowledge and skills to

  4. CONSIDERATIONS ON THE ROLE OF FINANCIAL MARKETS IN ECONOMIC GROWTH

    Carmen ALBU

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Generally accepted in economic literature, the financial market has a positive impact on growth in a modern economy. Nevertheless, due to the global crises starting in 2008, a number of authors are questioning today about this assertion. Among them, there are authors which are attributing as initial impulse to the crisis an exaggerated expansion of financial market (and non-covered on the real side of economy. In this study, based on economic literature and empirical evidences, we are presentig few considerations regarding the development of financial market during last decades and its role on economic growth.

  5. RISK ARBITRAGE IN U.S. FINANCIAL MARKETS

    Supreena Narayanan

    2004-01-01

    This paper analyses risk arbitrage in U.S. financial markets. The study by Mitchell, Mark and Todd Pulvino (2001) has been extended to study the U.S. financial markets scenario from 1963 to 2004. In particular, two research questions are pursued-(1) What are the effects of stock market, business conditions as well as the Merger and Acquisition Trend on risk arbitrage activities in the U.S (2) What is the current trend and effect of the U.S. financial regulatory mechanism on risk arbitrage? Th...

  6. Macro-economic and financial determinants of comovement across global real estate security markets

    Stevenson, Simon

    2013-01-01

    This paper models the determinants of integration in the context of global real estate security markets. Using both local and U.S. Dollar denominated returns, we model conditional correlations across listed real estate sectors and also with the global stock market. The empirical results find that financial factors, such as the relationship with the respective equity market, volatility, the relative size of the real estate sector and trading turnover all play an important role in the degree of...

  7. Strategic Opportunities Afforded by Integrated Marketing

    CONSTANTIN SASU

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores integrated marketing, examines how integrated marketing differs from traditional definitions of marketing, and offers insights into what kinds of institutions might most benefit from integrated marketing. It closes with a brief outline of the components of an integrated marketing plan.

  8. Strategic Opportunities Afforded by Integrated Marketing

    CONSTANTIN SASU

    2006-01-01

    This paper explores integrated marketing, examines how integrated marketing differs from traditional definitions of marketing, and offers insights into what kinds of institutions might most benefit from integrated marketing. It closes with a brief outline of the components of an integrated marketing plan.

  9. Financial Markets and the Challenges of Sustainable Growth

    Janicka Małgorzata

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Sustainable growth and responsibility for the economy and the environment are postulates rarely associated with the term “financial market”. Financial markets are identified with the ruthless maximisation of profit at acceptable risk, rather than with socially responsible conduct. However, in the global economy businesses modify their priorities and become aware of not just the need to grow in financial terms but also to improve their quality performance. International financial markets have become part of this trend and are increasingly often adopting environmentally friendly attitudes and embracing the challenges posed by the concept of sustainable growth. Ideas such as CSR – Corporate Social Responsibility – and SRI – Socially Responsible Investment are gaining in importance. While sustainable growth of the economy as perceived from the point of view of the manufacturing or service sectors is widely discussed, the sustainable growth of financial markets is a relatively new concept and the available literature on “green” financial markets is quite scarce. This paper is intended to fill in this gap and examine the changes that have taken place on financial markets in the context of the idea of sustainable growth, with particular attention paid to the European Union markets.

  10. Assymetric information in the financial market: Sequential move games

    Trifunović Dejan

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses equilibrium in financial market when investors are aymmetrically informed, by using the methodology of game theory. We will show that bid-ask spread is increasing in probability of insider trading. Dynamic trading models suggest that insider’s informational advantage over market-maker is diminishing in time. By using sequential trading models we can explain various types of market manipulations and stock market crashes.

  11. The 2007-? financial crisis: a money market perspective

    Nuno Cassola; Claudio Morana

    2010-01-01

    The evolution of the spreads between unsecured money market rates of various maturities and central banks’ key policy rates has been subject to considerable debate and controversy in relation to the worldwide financial market turbulence that started in August 2007. Our contribution to the ongoing debate on the dynamics of money market spreads is empirical and methodological, motivated by the “shocking” evidence of non-stationary behaviour of money market spreads. In fact, in our view, empiric...

  12. Capital Markets and Financial Politics: Preferences and Institutions

    Roe Mark J.

    2012-01-01

    For capital markets to function, political institutions must support capitalism in general and the capitalism of financial markets in particular. Yet the shape, support, and extent of capital markets are often contested in the polity. Powerful elements — from politicians to mass popular movements — have reason to change, co-opt, and remove value from capital markets. And the competing capital markets’ players themselves have reason to seek rules that favor their own capital channels over thos...

  13. Risk Aversion and Herd Behavior in Financial Markets

    Décamps, Jean-Paul; Lovo, Stefano

    2003-01-01

    We show that differences in investors risk aversion can generate herd behavior in stock markets where assets are traded sequentially. This in turn prevents markets from being efficient in the sense that financial market prices do not converge to the asset's fundamental value. The informational efficiency of the market depends on the distribution of the risky asset across risk averse agents. These results are obtained without introducing multidimensional uncertainty.

  14. Repo funding and internal capital markets in the financial crisis

    Düwel, Cornelia

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines how the exposure of German parent banks to the disruptions on sale and repurchase markets (repo markets) during the financial crisis has affected their provision of funds to their foreign branches and subsidiaries via bank-internal capital markets. The collapse of the subprime market, the rescue of Bear Stearns and the bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers are analyzed with regard to their role as amplifiers of uncertainty about the value of collateral used in repo transactions an...

  15. Derivatives, Hedge Accounting Disclosure And Impact On Indian Financial Market

    Prabhakara T

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In India, the emergence and growth of derivatives market is relatively a recent phenomenon. Since its inception in June 2000, derivatives market has exhibited exponential growth both in terms of volume and number of contract traded. The market turnover has grown from Rs.2365 Cr. in 2000-2001 to Rs.16807782.22 Cr. in 2012-13. Within a short span of twelve years, derivatives trading in India has surpassed cash segment in terms of turnover and number of traded contracts. The passed study encompasses in its objective and significance, concept, definition, types, features, market, trend, growth, Future prospects and challenges of derivatives in India. The problem is concerned with financial risks or not and why? Thus, the article reviews the use of derivative financial instruments for financial hedge and their effects to minimize the financial risks of the entities and bankrupt entities as well as their impacts on financial markets through decisions of investors and managers because their decisions are based on analysis results of financial statements. A country's accounting policy has not applied the derivative financial instruments for financial hedging, leading to affect that country's economy or not? Especially, the financial markets of Indian countries with similar economies have not also applied the hedge accounting to their hedge activities. The article uses the accounting theories of international accounting standards and Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and applies the methods of statistical data analysis about Indian derivatives market to show the results of hedge accounting that are concerned with the performance of derivatives products in Indian marke

  16. Russia’s Financial Markets and Financial Institutions in 2012

    Andrei Alaev; Arseny Mamedov; Vladimir Nazarov

    2013-01-01

    This paper deals with the issue of intergovernmental fiscal relations and subnational finances in Russia. The authors focus on the issue of subnational budgets in 2012, financial support from the federal budget. The point out to how the federal authorities stimulate the constitutent territories on the Russian Federation.

  17. Subprime crisis and instability of global financial markets

    Radonjić Ognjen; Zec Miodrag

    2010-01-01

    In order to prescribe adequate remedies to treat the current financial crisis one has to understand what in the first place went wrong. An age ago, older generations wrote that disease could not be cured without an accurate diagnosis. In contrast to mainstream 'efficient markets hypothesis' we argue that Minsky's financial instability hypothesis gives numerous valuable insights into sources and possible consequences of current global financial crisis. Furthermore, two decades ago Hyman P. Min...

  18. Capital Markets and Financial Intermediation in the Baltic States

    International Monetary Fund

    2003-01-01

    This paper analyzes the capital markets and financial intermediation in the Baltic States. It provides a comprehensive overview of the structure and level of development of the financial system, discussing some of the unique characteristics of the Baltics, such as leasing; and comparing the structure of the Baltic financial systems to other European Union accession countries and/or euro zone averages, both of which serve as benchmarks. The paper also addresses some of the broader analytical q...

  19. A Dilution Cost Approach to Financial Intermediation and Securities Markets

    Bolton, P; X. Freixas

    1998-01-01

    This paper proposes a model of financial markets and corporate finance, with asymmetric information and no taxes, where equity issues, Bank debt and Bond financing may all co-exist in equilibrium. The paper emphasizes the relationship Banking aspect of financial intermediation: firms turn to banks as a source of investment mainly because banks are good at helping them through times of financial distress. The debt restructuring service that banks may offer, however, i...

  20. VOLATILITY OF INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MARKETS AND PUBLIC DEBT SUSTAINABILITY

    Georgescu, George

    2013-01-01

    Under the circumstances of markets volatility persistence, the global financial balances deteriorated during the post-crisis period. In the case of advanced countries, the bailout of the private banking system by public or multilateral financial intervention, instead of leading to financial rebalancing has transferred a systemic risk to the sovereign level. Bringing high public debts back to sustainable levels by budgetary constraints of austerity programs has proved to hamper the economic gr...

  1. A dilution cost approach to financial intermediation and securities markets

    Bolton, Patrick; Freixas, Xavier

    1997-01-01

    This paper proposes a model of financial markets and corporate finance, with asymmetric information and no taxes, where equity issues, Bank debt and Bond financing may all co-exist in equilibrium. The paper emphasizes the relationship Banking aspect of financial intermediation: firms turn to banks as a source of investment mainly because banks are good at helping them through times of financial distress. The debt restructuring service that banks may offer, however, i...

  2. How to recover from the financial market flu.

    Doody, Dennis

    2008-05-01

    The widely publicized subprime mortgage crisis and soaring crude oil prices have contributed to considerable market volatility in recent months, inducing queasiness among institutional investors. A four-layer approach to asset allocation that carefully considers assets, liquidity, currency, and risk may be the best strategy for maintaining an institution's financial health through today's volatile market. Perhaps the biggest challenge in such financially turbulent times is keeping fear in check. PMID:18546970

  3. A Knowledge-Based Consultant for Financial Marketing

    Kastner, John; Apte, Chidanand; Griesmer, James

    1986-01-01

    This article describes an effort to develop a knowledge-based financial marketing consultant system. Financial marketing is an excellent vehicle for both research and application in artificial intelligence (AI). This domain differs from the great majority of previous expert system domains in that there are no well-defined answers (in traditional sense); the goal here is to obtain satisfactory arguments to support the conclusions made. A large OPS5-based system was implemented as an initial pr...

  4. A multilayer approach for price dynamics in financial markets

    Biondo, Alessio Emanuele; Rapisarda, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    We introduce a new Self-Organized Criticality (SOC) model for simulating price evolution in an artificial financial market, based on a multilayer network of traders. The model also implements, in a quite realistic way with respect to previous studies, the order book dy- namics, by considering two assets with variable fundamental prices. Fat tails in the probability distributions of normalized returns are observed, together with other features of real financial markets.

  5. Marking to Market for Financial Institutions: A Common Sense Resolution

    Franklin Allen; Elena Carletti; Finn Poschmann

    2009-01-01

    Debate has intensified in recent years on the advantages and disadvantages of moving towards a full mark-to-market accounting system for banks and insurance companies. The debate has been heated by moves by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and the US Financial Accounting Standards Board to harmonize accounting standards across countries. Proponents contend that mark-to-market accounting has the advantage of reflecting the relevant value of financial institution balance shee...

  6. Arbitrage theory for non convex financial market models

    Lepinette, Emmanuel; Tran Quoc, Tuan

    2015-01-01

    When dealing with non linear trading costs, e.g. fixed costs, the usual tools from convex analysis are inadequate to characterize an absence of arbitrage opportunity as the mathematical model is no more convex. An unified approach is to describe a financial market model by a liquidation value process. This allows to extend the frictionless models of the classical theory as well as the recent proportional transaction costs models to a large class of financial markets with transaction costs inc...

  7. Asset Markets Contagion During the Global Financial Crisis

    Dimitris Kenourgios; Dimitrios Dimitriou; Apostolos Christopoulos

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the contagion effects of the 2007-2009 global financial crisis across multiple asset markets and different regions. It uses daily return data of six asset classes: stocks, bonds, commodities, shipping, foreign exchange and real estate. A robust analysis of financial contagion is provided by estimating and comparing asymmetric conditional correlations among asset markets during stable and turmoil periods. Results provide evidence on the existence of a correlated-informa...

  8. International Stock Market Comovements: What Happened during the Financial Crisis?

    Horváth, Roman; Poldauf, P.

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 12, č. 1 (2012), s. 1-21. ISSN 1524-5861 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA402/09/0965 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Institutional support: RVO:67985556 Keywords : stock market comovements * financial crisis * GARCH Subject RIV: AH - Economics http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2012/E/horvath- international stock market comovements what happened during the financial crisis.pdf

  9. Spillovers to emerging markets during global financial crisis

    Sebnem Kalemli-Özcan

    2014-01-01

    We study the effect of banking linkages on output spillovers with a specific focus on the transmission of 2007–2009 crisis from advanced countries to emerging markets. In a country-pair sample of 17 advanced economies and 11 emerging markets between 1977 and 2012, we find that, in periods without large financial crises, increases in bilateral banking linkages are associated with more divergent output cycles. This relation turns positive during the recent financial crisis suggesting that finan...

  10. The Political Production of Superfund: Some Financial Market Results

    Brett Dalton; David Riggs; Bruce Yandle

    1996-01-01

    In this article, we assess the prospective effects of different legislative packages by examining how financial markets reacted to alternate proposals and the final law. The use of financial markets analysis provides at least one avenue for identifying interest groups that won and lost as the major features of proposed legislation were modified. The analysis indirectly determines who pays for Superfund. Significant shareholder losses indicate shareholders pay. By contrast, the absence of weal...

  11. Estimating a Structural Model of Herd Behavior in Financial Markets

    Cipriani, Marco; Guarino, Antonio

    2014-01-01

    We develop a new methodology for estimating the importance of herd behavior in financial markets. Specifically, we build a structural model of informational herding that can be estimated with financial transaction data. In the model, rational herding arises because of information-event uncertainty. We estimate the model using 1995 stock market data for Ashland Inc., a company listed on the New York Stock Exchange. Herding occurs often and is particularly pervasive on certain days. In an infor...

  12. Complex Systems: From Nuclear Physics to Financial Markets

    Speth, J.(Institut für Kernphysik, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, D-52425, Germany); S. Drozdz; Grümmer, F.

    2009-01-01

    We compare correlations and coherent structures in nuclei and financial markets. In the nuclear physics part we review giant resonances which can be interpreted as a coherent structure embedded in chaos. With similar methods we investigate the financial empirical correlation matrix of the DAX and Dow Jones. We will show, that if the time-zone delay is properly accounted for, the two distinct markets largely merge into one. This is reflected by the largest eigenvalue that develops a gap relati...

  13. Limited Financial Market Participation: A Transaction Cost-Based Explanation

    Paiella, M.

    2001-01-01

    This paper focuses on the issue of limited financial market participation and determines a lower bound on the level of fixed transaction costs that are required to reconcile observed portfolio choices with asset returns within an isoelastic utility framework. The bound is determined from the set of conditions that ensure the optimality of consumption behavior by financial market non-participants. It represents the lowest possible cost rationalizing observed non-participation ch...

  14. Limited financial market participation: A transaction cost-based explantation

    Paiella, Monica

    2001-01-01

    This paper focuses on the issue of limited financial market participation and determines a lower bound on the level of fixed transaction costs that are required to reconcile observed portfolio choices with asset returns within an isoelastic utility framework. The bound is determined from the set of conditions that ensure the optimality of consumption behavior by financial market non-participants. It represents the lowest possible cost rationalizing observed non-participation choices by provid...

  15. Multiple Time Series Ising Model for Financial Market Simulations

    In this paper we propose an Ising model which simulates multiple financial time series. Our model introduces the interaction which couples to spins of other systems. Simulations from our model show that time series exhibit the volatility clustering that is often observed in the real financial markets. Furthermore we also find non-zero cross correlations between the volatilities from our model. Thus our model can simulate stock markets where volatilities of stocks are mutually correlated

  16. Essays on Return Predictability in Financial Markets

    Mang, Chan R.

    2012-01-01

    My thesis examines return predictability in government bond markets and currency markets. In Chapter 1, I take the term structure model in Cochrane and Piazzesi (2008) and construct currency market prices. The implied currency market prices are then counterfactually volatile and predictable, at least with respect to commonly used predictor variables. Getting the model closer to currency market data means reducing bond risk compensation but doing so nearly eliminates predictability in bond mar...

  17. Financial development and corporate growth in the EU single market

    Bena, J.; Jurajda, Štěpán

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 78, č. 311 (2011), s. 401-428. ISSN 0013-0427 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC542 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70850503 Keywords : financial development * corporate growth * access to financial markets Subject RIV: AH - Economics Impact factor: 1.152, year: 2011

  18. The Impact of News, Oil Prices, and Global Market Developments on Russian Financial Markets

    2004-01-01

    This paper analyzes the impact of news, oil prices, and international financial market developments on daily returns on Russian bond and stock markets. First, regarding returns, energy news affects returns, while news from the war in Chechnya is not significant. Market volatility does not appear to be sensitive to either type of news. Second, a significant effect of the growth in oil prices on Russian stock returns is detected. Third, the international influence on Russian financial markets d...

  19. Causality between FDI and Financial Market Development: Evidence from Emerging Markets

    Soumaré, Issouf; TCHANA TCHANA, Fulbert

    2011-01-01

    This paper studies the causal relationship between foreign direct investment (FDI) and financial market development (FMD) using panel data from emerging markets. Most studies of the relationship between FDI and FMD have focused on the role of FMD in the link between FDI and economic growth, with no deep understanding of direct causality between FDI and FMD, especially in emerging markets, where financial markets are in the development stage. We document bidirectional causality between FDI and...

  20. A Bull Market for Financial Literacy

    Finkel, Ed

    2010-01-01

    School districts across the country have been taking a harder look at what they are teaching students about financial literacy in the wake of the financial crisis of the past few years, caused in part by excessive credit card and mortgage debt. While economics courses have been common for many years, particularly at the high school level,…

  1. Financial Literacy: Getting beyond the Markets

    Stanford, Jim

    2010-01-01

    Recently, several Canadian provinces have added financial literacy into core curriculum for high school students, and in his 2009 budget, federal Finance Minister Jim Flaherty announced the creation of a Task Force to evaluate current financial literacy initiatives. Typically, these initiatives focus on "individual responsibility", implying that…

  2. Diffusion entropy analysis on the scaling behavior of financial markets

    Cai, S M; Yang, C X; Yang, H J; Zhou, P L; Zhou, T

    2006-01-01

    In this paper the diffusion entropy technique is applied to investigate the scaling behavior of financial markets. The scaling behaviors of four representative stock markets, Dow Jones Industrial Average, Standard&Poor 500, Heng Seng Index, and Shang Hai Stock Synthetic Index, are almost the same; with the scale-invariance exponents all in the interval $[0.92, 0.95]$. These results provide a strong evidence of the existence of long-rang correlation in financial time series, thus several variance-based methods are restricted for detecting the scale-invariance properties of financial markets. In addition, a parsimonious percolation model for stock markets is proposed, of which the scaling behavior agrees with the real-life markets well.

  3. Financial Market Regulation in Germany - Capital Requirements of Financial Institutions

    Daniel Karl Detzer

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines capital adequacy regulation in Germany. The first part reviews capital adequacy regulation from the 1930s up to the financial crisis and identifies two main trends: a gradual softening of the eligibility criteria for equity and increasing reliance on internal risk models. While the first trend has been reversed following the financial crisis, internal risk models still play a central role. Therefore, the second part discusses the problems with the use of internal risk models and discusses the potentials of Basel 2.5 and Basel III to alleviate the identified problems. It is concluded that the relevant problems are not resolved. Therefore, in the final part some suggestions of how the problems could be addressed properly are given.

  4. Analysis of Financial Markets' Fluctuation by Textual Information

    Izumi, Kiyoshi; Goto, Takashi; Matsui, Tohgoroh

    In this study, we proposed a new text-mining methods for long-term market analysis. Using our method, we analyzed monthly price data of financial markets; Japanese government bond market, Japanese stock market, and the yen-dollar market. First we extracted feature vectors from monthly reports of Bank of Japan. Then, trends of each market were estimated by regression analysis using the feature vectors. As a result, determination coefficients were over 75%, and market trends were explained well by the information that was extracted from textual data. We compared the predictive power of our method among the markets. As a result, the method could estimate JGB market best and the stock market is the second.

  5. Financial Investment Management: Testing the Market Model on the Romanian Capital Market during the Post Financial Crisis

    Radu CIOBANU; Sebastian Mădălin MUNTEANU; Irina-Eugenia IAMANDI

    2011-01-01

    This article presents an analysis of the decision of investing in the capital market in Romania during 2009-2010, in the context of overcoming the global financial crisis. In the first part of the paper, we have made a brief presentation of the simplified model of market analysis introduced in the specialized literature by William Sharpe, the respective model representing the starting point in our study. The purpose of the present study is to emphasize how the evolutions of the financial secu...

  6. Higher-order phase transitions on financial markets

    Kasprzak, A.; Kutner, R.; Perelló, J.; Masoliver, J.

    2010-08-01

    Statistical and thermodynamic properties of the anomalous multifractal structure of random interevent (or intertransaction) times were thoroughly studied by using the extended continuous-time random walk (CTRW) formalism of Montroll, Weiss, Scher, and Lax. Although this formalism is quite general (and can be applied to any interhuman communication with nontrivial priority), we consider it in the context of a financial market where heterogeneous agent activities can occur within a wide spectrum of time scales. As the main general consequence, we found (by additionally using the Saddle-Point Approximation) the scaling or power-dependent form of the partition function, Z(q'). It diverges for any negative scaling powers q' (which justifies the name anomalous) while for positive ones it shows the scaling with the general exponent τ(q'). This exponent is the nonanalytic (singular) or noninteger power of q', which is one of the pilar of higher-order phase transitions. In definition of the partition function we used the pausing-time distribution (PTD) as the central one, which takes the form of convolution (or superstatistics used, e.g. for describing turbulence as well as the financial market). Its integral kernel is given by the stretched exponential distribution (often used in disordered systems). This kernel extends both the exponential distribution assumed in the original version of the CTRW formalism (for description of the transient photocurrent measured in amorphous glassy material) as well as the Gaussian one sometimes used in this context (e.g. for diffusion of hydrogen in amorphous metals or for aging effects in glasses). Our most important finding is the third- and higher-order phase transitions, which can be roughly interpreted as transitions between the phase where high frequency trading is most visible and the phase defined by low frequency trading. The specific order of the phase transition directly depends upon the shape exponent α defining the stretched

  7. The OTC derivatives markets after financial reforms

    Amariei, Cosmina; Valiante, Diego

    2014-01-01

    Over the past five years, the OTC derivatives market showed an impressive resilience in levels of market activity, which are now above pre-crisis levels in outstanding notional value. This confirms its systemic importance. Current volatility of the gross market values and gross credit exposures can be attributed to the uncertain market conditions for the global economy. Distribution of derivatives instruments has remained relatively constant over the past decade. Central clearing and portfoli...

  8. Financial Repression To Financial Liberalisation Of Indian Banking And Capital Market Sectors (pre &post 1991 Reforms)

    Raghavendra Rao Rentala

    2012-01-01

    Financial sector of any Economy is multi-faceted term. It refers to legal and institutional arrangements, financial intermediaries, markets and instruments with both domestic and external dimensions. The Economic Development of a nation is reflected by the progress of the various economic units, broadly classified into Corporate sector, Government and Household sector. While performing their activities these units will be placed in a surplus/deficit/balanced budgetary situations.Financial sy...

  9. Nigeria : Financial Sector Review, Volume 3. Non-Bank Financial Institutions and Markets

    World Bank

    2000-01-01

    This report is a comprehensive review of the Nigerian financial system, covering the following areas: i) macro-financial environment; ii) safety and soundness of the banking system; iii) banking supervision; iv) development finance institutions; v) community banks and commercial banks' rural operations; vi) insurance and pensions; vii) housing finance; viii) money and capital markets; and ...

  10. Special Features of Development of the Present World Financial Market Structure

    Oleh Patsenko

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the different approaches to definition of the world financial market. Basic criterion approaches to the present world financial market structuring have been examined. The own world financial market structure model has been proposed. Current trends in development of the world financial market have been revealed in the perspective of its geographical, functional, monetary and institutional structure.

  11. Financial policy and corporate investment in imperfect capital markets : the case of Korea

    Dailami, Mansoor

    1990-01-01

    Central to the effectiveness of financial policies geared towards promoting real business investment is the interaction between corporations'financing and investment decisions. The objectives of this paper are twofold : 1) develop an integrated approach towards the problem of optimal corporate real investment and finance in the context of a financial model of a developing economy characterized by credit rationing, controlled banking sector and an organized equity market; and 2) apply the mode...

  12. The role of the FX swap market in the Hungarian financial system

    István Mák; Judit Páles

    2009-01-01

    During the intensifying integration of the global financial system experienced in recent years FX swap has become one of the most common financial products having the most liquid market. The scope of application of the FX swap transactions is extremely wide; they can be used for liquidity management, risk coverage, short-term yield speculation, and – combined with a spot foreign exchange transaction – for taking exchange rate positions. In recent years the Hungarian banking system financed fo...

  13. Marketing of Professional and Financial Services in Croatia

    Ozretić Došen, Đurđana; Kesić, Tanja; PREVIŠIĆ, Jozo

    1999-01-01

    Based on sample survey of professional and financial service companies in Croatia, in this article, the authors try to analyse their marketing orientation in business practices. With the help of the data they assess the extent of companies’ understanding of usefulness of marketing — concepts, methods and techniques — in their daily operations.

  14. The Values Distribution in a Competing Shares Financial Market Model

    Ponzi, A.; Aizawa, Y

    1999-01-01

    We present our competing shares financial market model and describe its behaviour by numerical simulation. We show that in the critical region the distribution avalanches of the market value as defined in this model has a power-law distribution with exponent around 2.3. In this region the price returns distribution is truncated Levy stable with exponent near the observed value.

  15. Market Failure, Regulation and Education of Financial Advisors

    Adam Steen

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the recent series of financial scandals in the Australian financial advice industry. It examines the causes, consequences and responses to theses scandals by financial institutions, investors and regulators through the lens of relevant finance theory and extant literature. Although the paper focuses on the recent Australian experience the discussion and findings presented are of relevance to financial market regulation worldwide. It is proposed that a combination of compensation, education, training and structural reforms are required to reduce the undesirable effects of information asymmetry, adverse selection and moral hazard in the finance sector.

  16. FINANCIAL RATIOS AND STOCK PRICES ON DEVELOPED CAPITAL MARKETS

    BOGDAN DIMA

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study empirically tests for the relevance of a set of financial ratios designed to capture issuers’ financial performance for the dynamics of stock prices, on a dataset of quarterly values for 495 trading quotes from major European capital markets as well as from S&P 500 market covering a time span between 2003/1 and 2011/1. The research hypothesis is that financial ratios reflecting issuers’ financial health matter in the selection of portfolios’ structure. We tested this hypothesis in a GMM methodological framework and found that such relationship holds on long run, even if there appears to be some differences in the reactions of European and United States’ stocks to financial information.

  17. Financial Investment Management: Testing the Market Model on the Romanian Capital Market during the Post Financial Crisis

    Radu CIOBANU

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents an analysis of the decision of investing in the capital market in Romania during 2009-2010, in the context of overcoming the global financial crisis. In the first part of the paper, we have made a brief presentation of the simplified model of market analysis introduced in the specialized literature by William Sharpe, the respective model representing the starting point in our study. The purpose of the present study is to emphasize how the evolutions of the financial securities rates listed on the Bucharest Stock Exchange could be explained based on the evolution of BET Romanian capital market index. Although the study over this phenomenon has begun in the middle of the last century, every day new studies appear that are either coming in addition to the already existing ones or are bringing a new approach regarding the financial theory. The novelty of the present study conducted by us resides in the highlighting of the evolutions of the financial securities rates during July 2009 – December 2010 periods. The second part of the paper presents the results of a study conducted on the Romanian capital market, emphasizing the correlations between the most important securities on the Romanian capital market, as parts of BET index and market index. The aim is to check whether during this period the evolution of the financial securities’ return can be explained more or less by the return of the capital market.

  18. A statistical physics perspective on criticality in financial markets

    Stock markets are complex systems exhibiting collective phenomena and particular features such as synchronization, fluctuations distributed as power-laws, non-random structures and similarity to neural networks. Such specific properties suggest that markets operate at a very special point. Financial markets are believed to be critical by analogy to physical systems, but little statistically founded evidence has been given. Through a data-based methodology and comparison to simulations inspired by the statistical physics of complex systems, we show that the Dow Jones and index sets are not rigorously critical. However, financial systems are closer to criticality in the crash neighborhood. (paper)

  19. Illiquidity of frontier financial market: Case of Serbia

    Živković Boško

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper explores illiquidity of the Serbian financial market for the period of 2005-2009. The financial market in Serbia is, by its type, a frontier market. We used daily data from the BELEXline index, as well as all stocks within this index in examined timeframe, provided by the Belgrade Stock Exchange. Results of this paper suggest that level of market liquidity is low and persistent in Serbia. Additionally, results confirm that time-varying illiquidity and its volatility is highly unstable in this market. This is the first paper that analyses liquidity issues in case of Serbia. It identifies different periods and shows that, in most cases, ups and downs in foreign investors' participation leads to dramatic falls and rises in market illiquidity and its volatility.

  20. Consolidated supervision of financial institutions and financial market in the Republic of Croatia

    Bojana Olgić Draženović

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The question of regulation and supervision of all parts of financial system is of major importance for any country. In order to protect the interest of the society and to accelerate the economic development, it is necessary to provide adequate legal framework as well as independent supervision institutions. The regulations refer mostly to maintenance of financial stability and consumer protection. The article points out that the structure of the financial sector in the Republic of Croatia is underdeveloped and characterized by domination of the banking sector. Therefore, bank supervision is one of the main tasks of Croatian national bank and all other financial institutions (except banks are regulated by other regulatory institutions. The problems of authority overlapping and insufficient regulation are becoming more complex by the development of financial sector and especially by the deregulation of financial markets. Because of that, it is reasonable to investigate the existing regulatory framework of Croatian financial system concerning its structure and development.

  1. Order Book, Financial Markets and Self-Organized Criticality

    Biondo, Alessio Emanuele; Pluchino, Alessandro; Rapisarda, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    We present a simple order book mechanism that regulates an artificial financial market with self-organized criticality dynamics and fat tails of returns distribution. The model shows the role played by individual imitation in determining trading decisions, while fruitfully replicates typical aggregate market behavior as the "self-fulfilling prophecy". We also address the role of random traders as a possible decentralized solution to dampen market fluctuations.

  2. Dynamics of a financial market index after a crash

    Fabrizio Lillo; Mantegna, Rosario N.

    2002-01-01

    We discuss the statistical properties of index returns in a financial market just after a major market crash. The observed non-stationary behavior of index returns is characterized in terms of the exceedances over a given threshold. This characterization is analogous to the Omori law originally observed in geophysics. By performing numerical simulations and theoretical modelling, we show that the nonlinear behavior observed in real market crashes cannot be described by a GARCH(1,1) model. We ...

  3. The Market for Financial Derivatives: Removing Impediments to Growth

    Bacha, Obiyathulla I.

    2004-01-01

    This paper begins with an evaluation of the performance of the Malaysian market for financial derivatives. Despite a headstart, Malaysia appears to be lagging substantially when compared to the performance of other Asian derivative markets. While the other Asian markets though newer, have seen explosive growth in volume, trading volume in Malaysia appears to have shrunk. We examine why this has been the case and identify several macro and micro level impediments. Among macro level impedim...

  4. Credit Rating Agencies, Financial Regulations and the Capital Markets

    Shahzad, Khurram

    2013-01-01

    textabstractThis thesis studies the role of credit rating agencies (CRAs) in capital markets, and the effects of two important regulatory decisions that are taken to improve the quality of information available to the capital markets. In particular, this thesis examines a) the importance of credit ratings to the debt markets and the level of trust investors place on CRAs b) whether the adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) improves the quality of accounting informatio...

  5. Quantifying trading behavior in financial markets using Google Trends.

    Preis, Tobias; Moat, Helen Susannah; Stanley, H Eugene

    2013-01-01

    Crises in financial markets affect humans worldwide. Detailed market data on trading decisions reflect some of the complex human behavior that has led to these crises. We suggest that massive new data sources resulting from human interaction with the Internet may offer a new perspective on the behavior of market participants in periods of large market movements. By analyzing changes in Google query volumes for search terms related to finance, we find patterns that may be interpreted as "early warning signs" of stock market moves. Our results illustrate the potential that combining extensive behavioral data sets offers for a better understanding of collective human behavior. PMID:23619126

  6. Financialization is marketization! A study on the respective impact of various dimensions of financialization on the increase in global inequality

    Godechot, Olivier

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we study the impact of financialization on the rise in inequality in 18 OECD countries from 1970 to 2011 and measure the respective roles of various forms of financialization: the growth of the financial sector; the growth of one of its subcomponents, financial markets; the financialization of non-financial firms; and the financialization of households. We test these impacts using cross-country panel regressions in OECD countries. As dependent measures we use Solt’s (2009) Gini...

  7. Testing the Informational Efficiency on the Romanian Financial Market

    Aurora Murgea

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available The classical models of portfolio selection could not be applied on a market were the efficient market hypothesis is not valid (at least in a “weak” sense. The aim of this paper is to enlighten the difficulties of portfolio construction in a financial market with institutional and structural deficiencies, like the Romanian one, and to propose an alternative approach to the problem. The main features of our analysis are: 1 an empirical test for the efficient market hypothesis in the Romanian financial market case; 2 a critical distinction between the concept of “risk” and the concept of “incertitude”; 3 the use of the individual yield/risk ratio versus the market one as a selection variable; 4 the renouncement at the use in the selection procedure of an “non-risky” asset; 5 an example of the proposed selection procedure. The output of this approach could be resumed by the thesis that, even in a situation when the financial market is affected by severe disfunctions, there is a possibility to build an “optimal” portfolio based on a yield-risk arbitrage inside an efficiency frontier and to obtain a “good” schema of an financial placement, in spite of the limited possibilities for a efficient portfolio management.

  8. Testing the Informational Efficiency on the Romanian Financial Market

    Bogdan Dima

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The classical models of portfolio selection could not be applied on a market were the efficient market hypothesis is not valid (at least in a "weak" sense. The aim of this paper is to enlighten the difficulties of portfolio construction in a financial market with institutional and structural deficiencies, like the Romanian one, and to propose an alternative approach to the problem. The main features of our analysis are: 1 an empirical test for the efficient market hypothesis in the Romanian financial market case; 2 a critical distinction between the concept of "risk" and the concept of "incertitude"; 3 the use of the individual yield/risk ratio versus the market one as a selection variable; 4 the renouncement at the use in the selection procedure of an "non-risky" asset; 5 an example of the proposed selection procedure. The output of this approach could be resumed by the thesis that, even in a situation when the financial market is affected by severe disfunctions, there is a possibility to build an "optimal" portfolio based on a yield-risk arbitrage inside an efficiency frontier and to obtain a "good" schema of an financial placement, in spite of the limited possibilities for a efficient portfolio management.

  9. Taxing the Financially Integrated Multinational Firm

    Johannesen, Niels

    2010-01-01

    This paper develops a theoretical model of corporate taxation in the presence of financially integrated multinational firms. Under the assumption that multinational firms at least partly use internal loans to finance foreign investment, we find that the optimal corporate tax rate is positive from the perspective of a small, open economy. This finding contrasts the standard result that the optimal source based capital tax is zero. Intuitively, to the extent that multinational firms finance inv...

  10. Integrated Strategic Planning of Global Production Networks and Financial Hedging under Uncertain Demands and Exchange Rates

    Achim Koberstein; Elmar Lukas; Marc Naumann

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we present a multi-stage stochastic programming model that integrates financial hedging decisions into the planning of strategic production networks under uncertain exchange rates and product demands. This model considers the expenses of production plants and the revenues of markets in different currency areas. Financial portfolio planning decisions for two types of financial instruments, forward contracts and options, are represented explicitly by multi-period decision variabl...

  11. The Value of Institutions for Financial Markets; Evidence From Emerging Markets

    Thomas Stratmann; Bernardin Akitoby

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates the value of political institutions for financial markets, using panel data from emerging market countries. We test the hypothesis that changes in political institutions, such as improvements in democratic rights and increased government accountability, have a direct effect on sovereign interest rate spreads. We find that financial markets value institutions over and above the economic and fiscal outcomes these institutions shape. Democracy and accountability generally...

  12. The multiplex dependency structure of financial markets

    Musmeci, Nicoló; Aste, Tomaso; Di Matteo, Tiziana; Latora, Vito

    2016-01-01

    We propose here a multiplex network approach to investigate simultaneously different types of dependency in complex data sets. In particular, we consider multiplex networks made of four layers corresponding respectively to linear, non-linear, tail, and partial correlations among a set of financial time series. We construct the sparse graph on each layer using a standard network filtering procedure, and we then analyse the structural properties of the obtained multiplex networks. The study of the time evolution of the multiplex constructed from financial data uncovers important changes in intrinsically multiplex properties of the network, and such changes are associated with periods of financial stress. We observe that some features are unique to the multiplex structure and would not be visible otherwise by the separate analysis of the single-layer networks corresponding to each dependency measure.

  13. Market Integration and Market Concentration in Horizontally Differentiated Industries

    Eckel, Carsten

    2005-01-01

    This paper derives the impact of market integration on equilibrium firm size and market concentration in horizontally differentiated industries. We show that market concentration (measured by the number of firms) can rise as a consequence of market integration if firms engage in R&D competition. We also demonstrate that whether concentration occurs or not depends on the R&D production function and on consumer preferences. This result implies that the welfare effects of market integration are ...

  14. Integration of liberalised energy market

    The markets for electricity, natural gas and district heating are inter-linked both with respect to the energy flows and with respect to ownership of supply sources and infrastructure. The extent and the possible consequences of these linkages are examined in this report. The options for public interventions in these markets are analysed to compare instruments with respect to their ability to provide the necessary incentives for an efficient functioning of the liberalised markets. Aspects of retail markets with households facing multi-product distribution companies and aspects of the production of combined heat and power based on natural gas has been covered. This project identifies some important aspects related to final consumers and the interaction of markets with different types of regulation and scope for liberalisation. From a Danish perspective the district heat market and the dependence on market conditions for natural gas is a specific concern. Consumer concerns also relate to the creation of multi-product energy distribution companies that are privately owned and possibly controlled by foreign interests. Such companies might use bundled sales of energy products to extent their dominant position in one market e.g. a regulated heat market to a market with considerable competition (electricity). Bundled sales would not necessarily result in a loss for the consumer due to economies of scope in supplying energy products. However, the regulatory authorities responsible for district heat prices will have a more complicated job in surveying the bundled price setting. Integration of activities within natural gas distribution and CHP production has been analysed with respect to incentives and welfare implications. Results of the project point to critical market conditions and identify areas of concern for regulatory policies. The analysis shows that there is a large welfare loss associated with having monopolies in both natural gas supplies and the CHP production

  15. Dynamical Analyses Using Visibilities in Financial Markets

    Min, Seungsik; Lim, Kyuseong; Chang, Ki-Ho; Park, Il-Hwan; Kim, Kyungsik

    2016-04-01

    In this paper, the network metrics are studied in a time series of the KOSPI and the KOSDAQ indices converting by the visibility graph algorithm. The degree distributions for the KOSPI and the KOSDAQ are proportional to a power law rather than the Poisson distribution. Since we mainly simulate and analyze the network metrics from the nodes and its links, our result cannot be found unambiguously to have universal and characteristic properties of statistical quantities via financial networks. Particularly, these topological properties may improve by implementing the statistical method and its technique from altered data of financial networks.

  16. ACCOUNTING FOR MARKETING: MARKETING PERFORMANCE THROUGH FINANCIAL RESULTS

    Levent KOSAN

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Accounting, especially strategic management accounting, provides significant contributions to companies for decisions in environments of intense competition. Accounting, which has positive effects of company strategy development and management, has become a required facet of marketing, another area that has gained significance. The aim of this study is to assess the contributions of accounting to marketing performance management and other areas related to marketing development and to evaluate the relationship and synergies between marketing and accounting with comparative examples.

  17. Corporate Investments in Asian Emerging Markets: Financial Conditions, Financial Development, and Financial Constraints

    Wang, Jianxin; Gochoco-Bautista, Maria Socorro; Sotocinal, Noli

    2013-01-01

    Motivated by the literature on the finance–growth nexus, this paper explores the mechanisms through which finance affects corporate investments and capital accumulation. We separate the effects of financial conditions from those of financial development. Based on a sample of firms from five Asian emerging economies, we find that (1) financial conditions and financial development affect corporate investments through different channels. Financial conditions affect firms' growth opportunities an...

  18. Complex systems: from nuclear physics to financial markets

    We compare correlations and coherent structures in nuclei and financial markets. In the nuclear physics part we review giant resonances which can be interpreted as a coherent structure embedded in chaos. With similar methods we investigate the financial empirical correlation matrix of the DAX and Dow Jones. We will show, that if the time-zone delay is properly accounted for, the two distinct markets largely merge into one. This is reflected by the largest eigenvalue that develops a gap relative to the remaining, chaotic eigenvalues. By extending investigations of the specific character of financial collectivity we also discuss the criticality-analog phenomenon of the financial log-periodicity and show specific examples.

  19. The Marketing Plan: An Integrative Device for Teaching Marketing Management.

    Berdine, W. R.; Petersen, James C.

    1980-01-01

    The importance of the marketing plan is stressed as an integrative device for teaching marketing management, and a structure is presented to assist students in designing a marketing plan. Components of this plan include marketing objectives, targeting market and buying motives, external environment and competition, product, price, and promotion.…

  20. Hitting Time Distributions in Financial Markets

    Valenti, D; Spagnolo, B; Bonanno, Giovanni; Spagnolo, Bernardo; Valenti, Davide

    2006-01-01

    We analyze the hitting time distributions of stock price returns in different time windows, characterized by different levels of noise present in the market. The study has been performed on two sets of data from US markets. The first one is composed by daily price of 1071 stocks trade for the 12-year period 1987-1998, the second one is composed by high frequency data for 100 stocks for the 4-year period 1995-1998. We compare the probability distribution obtained by our empirical analysis with those obtained from different models for stock market evolution. Specifically by focusing on the statistical properties of the hitting times to reach a barrier or a given threshold, we compare the probability density function (PDF) of three models, namely the geometric Brownian motion, the GARCH model and the Heston model with that obtained from real market data. We will present also some results of a generalized Heston model.

  1. Linking Financial Market Dynamics and the Impact of News

    Nacher, J. C.; Ochiai, T.

    2011-09-01

    In financial markets, he behavior of investors determines the prices of financial products. However, these investors can also be influenced by good and bad news. Here, we present a mathematical model to reproduce the price dynamics in real financial markets affected by news. The model has both positive and negative feed-back mechanisms. Furthermore, the behavior of the model is examined by considering two different types of noise. Our results show that the dynamic balance of positive and negative feed-back mechanisms with the noise effect determines the asset price movement. For comparison with real market, we have used the Forex data corresponding to the time period of the recent Tohoku-Kanto earthquake in Japan.

  2. Analysis of Spin Financial Market by GARCH Model

    A spin model is used for simulations of financial markets. To determine return volatility in the spin financial market we use the GARCH model often used for volatility estimation in empirical finance. We apply the Bayesian inference performed by the Markov Chain Monte Carlo method to the parameter estimation of the GARCH model. It is found that volatility determined by the GARCH model exhibits ''volatility clustering'' also observed in the real financial markets. Using volatility determined by the GARCH model we examine the mixture-of-distribution hypothesis (MDH) suggested for the asset return dynamics. We find that the returns standardized by volatility are approximately standard normal random variables. Moreover we find that the absolute standardized returns show no significant autocorrelation. These findings are consistent with the view of the MDH for the return dynamics

  3. FBIH financial market segmentation on the basis of image factors

    Arnela Bevanda

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to recognize, single out and define market segments useful for future marketing strategies, using certain statistical techniques on the basis of influence of various image factors of financial institutions. The survey included a total of 500 interviewees: 250 bank clients and 250 clients of insurance companies. Starting from the problem area and research goal, the following hypothesis has been formulated: Basic preferences of clients in regard of image factors while selecting financial institutions are different enough to be used as such for differentiating significant market segments of clients. Two segments have been singled out by cluster analysis and named, respectively, traditionalists and visualists. Results of the research confirmed the established hypothesis and pointed to the fact that managers in the financial institutions of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBIH must undertake certain corrective actions, especially when planning and implementing communication strategies, if they wish to maintain their competitiveness in serving both selected segments.

  4. Heterogeneous volatility cascade in financial markets

    Gilles Zumbach; Paul Lynch

    2001-01-01

    Using high frequency data, we have studied empirically the change of volatility, also called volatility derivative, for various time horizons. In particular, the correlation between the volatility derivative and the volatility realized in the next time period is a measure of the response function of the market participants. This correlation shows explicitly the heterogeneous structure of the market according to the characteristic time horizons of the differents agents. It reveals a volatility...

  5. Climate change, markets and standards: the case of financial accounting

    Lovell, Heather

    2014-01-01

    The paper examines unresolved attempts since 2005 to develop financial accounting standards for greenhouse gas emission allowances. It is a detailed empirical case study into how the large-scale experiment of carbon markets has manifested in a particular area of professional expertise – financial accounting. Theories about the role of standards usefully draw attention to the hidden work of standards in society and help explain why some things are difficult to standardise. However, there are n...

  6. Building credibility in international banking and financial markets

    Jørgensen, Poul Erik Flyvholm; Isaksson, Maria

    2008-01-01

    Purpose - The research draws a detailed picture of how international corporate banks and financial institutions approach image advertising to enhance impressions of their credibility. The purpose of the work is twofold, namely to demonstrate (1) how corporate credibility can be conceptualised...... to practitioners and to academic writing courses. Additionally, our application of the credibility appeals disconfirms the expectation that financial services providers are increasingly branding themselves to the market on the basis of their character and concern for customers' well-being....

  7. Central Banks Leadership and their Influence over Financial Markets

    Valentin Mihai Leoveanu

    2015-01-01

    In the years after the global financial crisis, central banks have undergone to a tremendous pressure from financial markets, from the real economy, but also from the population and politicians. Each part is interrelated with each other, but is in different positions in terms of the influence exerted on the other, in terms of the means and instruments through which their interest must prevail against the other parties. In this context, the leadership of a central bank is the key to the proper...

  8. The Effect of Information on Financial Markets: A Survey

    Chouliaras, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    Researchers in finance have since long ago been attempting to quantify information, and assess its impact on financial markets. Recent advances in computational linguistics, natural language processing, machine learning and econometrics, along with improved data access to media articles, online discussions and social networks, have enabled researchers to apply such techniques in multiple fields of financial research. The applications include (but are not limited to): the effect of media colum...

  9. The Effect of Infomation on Financial Markets: A Survey

    Chouliaras, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    Researchers in finance have since long ago been attempting to quantify information, and assess its impact on financial markets. Recent advances in computational linguistics, natural language processing, machine learning and econometrics, along with improved data access to media articles, online discussions and social networks, have enabled researchers to apply such techniques in multiple fields of financial research. The applications include (but are not limited to): the effect of media colum...

  10. Community Analysis of Global Financial Markets

    Irena Vodenska

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available We analyze the daily returns of stock market indices and currencies of 56 countries over the period of 2002–2012. We build a network model consisting of two layers, one being the stock market indices and the other the foreign exchange markets. Synchronous and lagged correlations are used as measures of connectivity and causality among different parts of the global economic system for two different time intervals: non-crisis (2002–2006 and crisis (2007–2012 periods. We study community formations within the network to understand the influences and vulnerabilities of specific countries or groups of countries. We observe different behavior of the cross correlations and communities for crisis vs. non-crisis periods. For example, the overall correlation of stock markets increases during crisis while the overall correlation in the foreign exchange market and the correlation between stock and foreign exchange markets decrease, which leads to different community structures. We observe that the euro, while being central during the relatively calm period, loses its dominant role during crisis. Furthermore we discover that the troubled Eurozone countries, Portugal, Italy, Greece and Spain, form their own cluster during the crisis period.

  11. Estimating WACC for Regulated Industries on Developing Financial Markets and in Times of Market Uncertainty

    Igor Stubelj

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the estimation of weighted average cost of capital (WACC for regulated industries in developing financial markets from the perspective of the current financial-economic crisis. In current financial market situation some evident changes have occurred: risk-free rates in solid and developed financial markets (e. g. USA, Germany have fallen, but due to increased market volatility, the risk premiums have increased. The latter is especially evident in transition economies where the amplitude of market volatility is extremely high. In such circumstances, there is a question of how to calculate WACC properly. WACC is an important measure in financial management decisions and in our case, business regulation. We argue in the paper that the most accurate method for calculating WACC is the estimation of the long-term WACC, which takes into consideration a long-term stable yield of capital and not the current market conditions. Following this, we propose some solutions that could be used for calculating WACC for regulated industries on the developing financial markets in times of market uncertainty. As an example, we present an estimation of the capital cost for a selected Slovenian company, which operates in the regulated industry of electric distribution.

  12. The economic and financial gains from water markets in Chile

    Hearne, Robert R.; Easter, K. William

    1997-01-01

    Chile is one of the few countries that has encouraged the use of markets in water resource management. In order to assess the impact of water markets and transactions costs in Chile, four river valleys, the Maipo, Elqui, Limari, and the Azapa were selected as case studies. Transactions from the Elqui and Limari valleys, during the years 1986 to 1993, were analyzed to determine the gains-from-trade from market transfers. In the economic and financial analysis of water markets, crop budgets wer...

  13. THE ROLE OF THE FINANCIAL SYSTEM IN MARKET ECONOMY

    CĂRUNTU GENU ALEXANDRU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Financial system can be approached from the perspective of sales in socio-economic system, namely a global financing mechanism, taking version account specific components, such as: normative base regulatory a financialmonetary methods, forms and techniques version running streams Monetary Financial methods, techniques usable forms and version carrying cash flows, financial levers. Integration contexts, the financial system becomes part of gear intended to ensure implementation and regulation of money flows version compared with the normal performance requirements of real processes in the economy.

  14. The Market for Indexed Financial Instruments

    Eva Marikova Leeds

    1991-01-01

    The lack of indexed financial instruments has long puzzled economists because their benefits seem obvious. Using a two-period model with random inflation, the author shows that borrowers and lenders prefer indexed instruments when their incomes are adjusted for inflation. Without adjustment, however, borrowers prefer nominal instruments. When adjustment is uncertain, real interest rates on indexed instruments resemble expected real interest rates on nominal instruments and neither instrument ...

  15. The Intrinsic Instability of Financial Markets

    Sabiou Inoua

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we explain the wild fluctuations of financial prices from the intrinsic amplifying feedback of speculative supply and demand. Formally, we show that an asset return follows a multiplicative random growth with exogenous input, which is well-known to be a generic power-law generating process, and which could thus easily explain the well-established power-law distribution of returns, and other related variables. Moreover, the theory we develop here is a general framework where comp...

  16. Subprime crisis and instability of global financial markets

    Radonjić Ognjen

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to prescribe adequate remedies to treat the current financial crisis one has to understand what in the first place went wrong. An age ago, older generations wrote that disease could not be cured without an accurate diagnosis. In contrast to mainstream 'efficient markets hypothesis' we argue that Minsky's financial instability hypothesis gives numerous valuable insights into sources and possible consequences of current global financial crisis. Furthermore, two decades ago Hyman P. Minsky predicted possible developments and perils of ever growing process of securitization of illiquid assets.

  17. Novel indexes based on network structure to indicate financial market

    Zhong, Tao; Peng, Qinke; Wang, Xiao; Zhang, Jing

    2016-02-01

    There have been various achievements to understand and to analyze the financial market by complex network model. However, current studies analyze the financial network model but seldom present quantified indexes to indicate or forecast the price action of market. In this paper, the stock market is modeled as a dynamic network, in which the vertices refer to listed companies and edges refer to their rank-based correlation based on price series. Characteristics of the network are analyzed and then novel indexes are introduced into market analysis, which are calculated from maximum and fully-connected subnets. The indexes are compared with existing ones and the results confirm that our indexes perform better to indicate the daily trend of market composite index in advance. Via investment simulation, the performance of our indexes is analyzed in detail. The results indicate that the dynamic complex network model could not only serve as a structural description of the financial market, but also work to predict the market and guide investment by indexes.

  18. Indexation and causation of financial markets

    Tanokura, Yoko

    2015-01-01

    This book presents a new statistical method of constructing a price index of a financial asset where the price distributions are skewed and heavy-tailed and investigates the effectiveness of the method. In order to fully reflect the movements of prices or returns on a financial asset, the index should reflect their distributions. However, they are often heavy-tailed and possibly skewed, and identifying them directly is not easy. This book first develops an index construction method depending on the price distributions, by using nonstationary time series analysis. Firstly, the long-term trend of the distributions of the optimal Box–Cox transformed prices is estimated by fitting a trend model with time-varying observation noises. By applying state space modeling, the estimation is performed and missing observations are automatically interpolated. Finally, the index is defined by taking the inverse Box–Cox transformation of the optimal long-term trend. This book applies the method to various financial data. ...

  19. The Use of Financial Derivatives in Emerging Market Economies: An Empirical Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina's Non-Financial Firms

    2014-01-01

    This paper discusses development of financial derivatives markets in emerging market economies, focusing on the use of financial derivatives in risk management purposes of non-financial firms in Bosnia and Herzegovina. For achieving the research goals authors collected data on the derivatives market structure and types of derivative instrument traded, focusing commercial banks, because of the authors¡¯ prior knowledge of the derivatives market. Additionally, in order to assess the current sta...

  20. Risk efficiency of hedging strategy in China financial market

    Haochen Guo

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the analysis of China financial market and method of hedging optimization for compute expected shortfall risk based on attitude towards risk under the Black–Scholes model. The application demonstrates an example of the efficient hedging strategy for call option in the Black–Scholes model based on geometric Brownian motion with loss function. The data of illustrations which applies in China financial market. The resulting efficient hedges allow the investor to interpolate in a systematic way extreme of partial hedging (between no hedge and full hedge that depend on the accepted level of shortfall risk.

  1. General autocatalytic theory and simple model of financial markets

    Thuy Anh, Chu; Lan, Nguyen Tri; Viet, Nguyen Ai

    2015-06-01

    The concept of autocatalytic theory has become a powerful tool in understanding evolutionary processes in complex systems. A generalization of autocatalytic theory was assumed by considering that the initial element now is being some distribution instead of a constant value as in traditional theory. This initial condition leads to that the final element might have some distribution too. A simple physics model for financial markets is proposed, using this general autocatalytic theory. Some general behaviours of evolution process and risk moment of a financial market also are investigated in framework of this simple model.

  2. Three-state herding model of the financial markets

    Kononovicius, A.; Gontis, V.

    2013-01-01

    We propose a Markov jump process with the three-state herding interaction. We see our approach as an agent-based model for the financial markets. Under certain assumptions this agent-based model can be related to the stochastic description exhibiting sophisticated statistical features. Along with power-law probability density function of the absolute returns we are able to reproduce the fractured power spectral density, which is observed in the high-frequency financial market data. The given example of consistent agent-based and stochastic modeling will provide a background for further developments in the research of complex social systems.

  3. ACCOUNTING FOR MARKETING: MARKETING PERFORMANCE THROUGH FINANCIAL RESULTS

    Levent KOSAN

    2014-01-01

    Accounting, especially strategic management accounting, provides significant contributions to companies for decisions in environments of intense competition. Accounting, which has positive effects of company strategy development and management, has become a required facet of marketing, another area that has gained significance. The aim of this study is to assess the contributions of accounting to marketing performance management and other areas related to marketing development and to evaluate...

  4. Forecasting Financial Time-Series using Artificial Market Models

    Gupta, N; Johnson, N F; Gupta, Nachi; Hauser, Raphael; Johnson, Neil F.

    2005-01-01

    We discuss the theoretical machinery involved in predicting financial market movements using an artificial market model which has been trained on real financial data. This approach to market prediction - in particular, forecasting financial time-series by training a third-party or 'black box' game on the financial data itself -- was discussed by Johnson et al. in cond-mat/0105303 and cond-mat/0105258 and was based on some encouraging preliminary investigations of the dollar-yen exchange rate, various individual stocks, and stock market indices. However, the initial attempts lacked a clear formal methodology. Here we present a detailed methodology, using optimization techniques to build an estimate of the strategy distribution across the multi-trader population. In contrast to earlier attempts, we are able to present a systematic method for identifying 'pockets of predictability' in real-world markets. We find that as each pocket closes up, the black-box system needs to be 'reset' - which is equivalent to sayi...

  5. The international integration of money markets in the central and east European accession countries: deviations from covered interest parity, capital controls and inefficiencies in the financial sector

    Jochem, Axel; Herrmann, Sabine

    2003-01-01

    Basierend auf dem Konzept der gedeckten Zinsparität wird gezeigt, dass die Geldmärkte in Polen, der Tschechischen Republik, Ungarn und der Slowakei inzwischen einen hohen Grad an internationaler Integration mit dem Euro-Raum aufweisen. Die Integration hat sich im Untersuchungszeitraum von 1999 bis Mitte 2002 kontinuierlich verstärkt. Für die noch zu beobachtende Segmentierung sind sowohl Beschränkungen des kurzfristigen Kapitalverkehrs als auch die geringe Entwicklung der Finanzsektoren in de...

  6. Emerging Markets Spreads and Global Financial Conditions

    Alessio Ciarlone; Paolo Piselli; Giorgio Trebeschi

    2007-01-01

    In this article, we analyse how much of the reduction in emerging markets spreads can be ascribed to specific factors - linked to the improvement in the 'fundamentals' of a given country - rather than to common factors - linked to global liquidity conditions and agents� degree of risk aversion. By means of factor analysis, we find that a single common factor is able to explain a large part of the co-variation in emerging market economies spreads observed in the last four years; on its turn,...

  7. Financial Markets and HFT - An Information Management Perspective

    Theodoulidis, Babis

    2013-01-01

    A key message: despite commonly held negative perceptions, the available evidence indicates that high frequency trading (HFT) and algorithmic trading (AT) may have several beneficial effects on markets. However, HFT/AT may cause instabilities in financial markets in specific circumstances. This Project has shown that carefully chosen regulatory measures can help to address concerns in the shorter term. However, further work is needed to inform policies in the longer term, particularly in view...

  8. Financial Transmission Rights in Europe’s Electricity Market

    Duthaler, Christof; Finger, Matthias

    2008-01-01

    After their theoretical development in the early 1990s, Financial Transmission Rights (FTRs) have been applied in restructured US electricity markets for about a decade now. Lately, FTRs have also been proposed as a potential feature of the emerging European electricity market. This paper reviews the crucial differences between FTRs and the currently implemented physical transmission rights (PTRs), and investigates the institutional and regulatory prerequisites for introducing FTRs in Europe....

  9. Herding and Contrarian Behavior in Financial Markets - An Internet Experiment

    Mathias Drehmann; Joerg Oechssler; Andreas Roider

    2002-01-01

    We report results of an internet experiment designed to test the theory of informational cascades in financial markets. More than 6000 subjects, including a subsample of 267 consultants from an international consulting firm, participated in the experiment. As predicted by theory, we find that the presence of a flexible market price prevents herding. However, the presence of contrarian behavior, which can (partly) be rationalized via error models, distorts prices, and even after 20 decisions c...

  10. Herding and Contrarian Behavior in Financial Markets - An Internet Experiment

    Mathias Drehmann; Jörg Oechssler

    2004-01-01

    We report results of an internet experiment designed to test the theory of informational cascades in financial markets. More than 6000 subjects, including a subsample of 267 consultants from an international consulting firm, participated in the experiment. As predicted by theory, we find that the presence of a flexible market price prevents herding. However, the presence of contrarian behavior, which can (partly) be rationalized via error models, distorts prices, and even after 20 decisions c...

  11. Herding and Contrarian Behavior in Financial Markets: An Internet Experiment

    Drehmann, M.; Oechssler, J.; Roider, Andreas

    2005-01-01

    We report results of an Internet experiment designed to test the theory of informational cascades in financial markets (Christopher Avery and Peter Zemsky, 1998). More than 6,400 subjects, including a subsample of 267 consultants from an international consulting firm, participated in the experiment. We find that the presence of a flexible market price prevents herding. The presence of contrarian behavior distorts prices, however, and even after 20 decisions, convergence to the fundamental val...

  12. MONETARY POLICY AND PARALLEL FINANCIAL MARKETS

    Adela IONESCU

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Monetary policy is one of the economic policy "tools" through which it acts on the currency demand and supply in the economy. The importance of monetary policy results from its primary objective - price stability, plus limiting inflation and maintaining internal and external value of the currency. Responsibility for achieving these objectives rests with the Central Bank, which has a monopoly in the formulation and the implementation of monetary policy targets. Price stability is the primary objective of monetary policy and also the central objective of economic policy, alongside with: sustainable economic growth, full employment of labor force, balance of external payments equilibrium. To achieve these overall objectives of economic policy, monetary policy acts through currency as an instrument of action and it represents the overall action exercised by the monetary authority to influence economic development and to ensure price stability. In economic processes numerous factors emerge to the sale or purchase of capital available for a shorter or longer period and to achieving their aspirations of maximize capital gains, they are negotiating, they are confronting and agreeing within specific market relationships. The entirety of relations between various economic issues, enterprises and individuals, between them and the banking intermediaries, as well as the relationship between banks and other credit institutions on the transfer of cash money as specific form of debt and fructification of capital, form capital markets or credit markets. These markets are carved up according to the nature and purposes of the participants.

  13. The Integration of EU Banking Markets

    Gual, Jordi

    2004-01-01

    The goal of this Paper is to provide an assessment of the EU policies that pursue the creation of a single banking market. The Paper evaluates the degree of integration of EU banking markets and discusses whether current policies are the most appropriate instruments for market integration. After comparing the key features of EU policy with alternative methods of market opening, the analysis stresses that market opening in regulated markets such as banking faces a difficult trade-off between r...

  14. Evaluation of wholesale electric power market rules and financial risk management by agent-based simulations

    Yu, Nanpeng

    As U.S. regional electricity markets continue to refine their market structures, designs and rules of operation in various ways, two critical issues are emerging. First, although much experience has been gained and costly and valuable lessons have been learned, there is still a lack of a systematic platform for evaluation of the impact of a new market design from both engineering and economic points of view. Second, the transition from a monopoly paradigm characterized by a guaranteed rate of return to a competitive market created various unfamiliar financial risks for various market participants, especially for the Investor Owned Utilities (IOUs) and Independent Power Producers (IPPs). This dissertation uses agent-based simulation methods to tackle the market rules evaluation and financial risk management problems. The California energy crisis in 2000-01 showed what could happen to an electricity market if it did not go through a comprehensive and rigorous testing before its implementation. Due to the complexity of the market structure, strategic interaction between the participants, and the underlying physics, it is difficult to fully evaluate the implications of potential changes to market rules. This dissertation presents a flexible and integrative method to assess market designs through agent-based simulations. Realistic simulation scenarios on a 225-bus system are constructed for evaluation of the proposed PJM-like market power mitigation rules of the California electricity market. Simulation results show that in the absence of market power mitigation, generation company (GenCo) agents facilitated by Q-learning are able to exploit the market flaws and make significantly higher profits relative to the competitive benchmark. The incorporation of PJM-like local market power mitigation rules is shown to be effective in suppressing the exercise of market power. The importance of financial risk management is exemplified by the recent financial crisis. In this

  15. Regulation versus Competition on European Financial Markets

    Horobet, Alexandra; Ilie, Livia

    2007-01-01

    Competition is the mechanism that helps companies, institutions and markets to become more productive and efficient. one of the main obstacles to economic growth is represented by the policies that hinder competition. Excessive protection may create a handicap for the European economic system which will have not all the necessary instruments to face the increasing competition between companies, countries, economic regions.The paper aims at analyzing the relationship between regulation, compet...

  16. Chicanery, Intelligence, and Financial Market Equilibrium

    Subrahmanyam, Avanidhar

    2002-01-01

    We present a dynamic model of production in which a firm’s output increases when its managers share their information. Communication of ideas depends on the quality of the firm’s internal language. We prove that firms with richer languages (i.e., more organizational capital) will have higher market values. Organizational capital generates static complementarities among incumbents which implies that firms with richer languages will experience greater employee retention and higher wages. Dy...

  17. Portfolio Construction in Global Financial Markets

    Dallas Brozik; Zapalska, Alina M.

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents a classroom simulation that can be used to introduce the concepts of portfolio management and asset allocation in the presence of global markets. While there are portfolio management games and stock trading games that are designed to cover an entire semester, this simulation provides a single period introduction to portfolio management. The simulation also creates an environment in which students discover how exchange rate volatility can affect investment returns of global...

  18. An adaptive stochastic model for financial markets

    An adaptive stochastic model is introduced to simulate the behavior of real asset markets. The model adapts itself by changing its parameters automatically on the basis of the recent historical data. The basic idea underlying the model is that a random variable uniformly distributed within an interval with variable extremes can replicate the histograms of asset returns. These extremes are calculated according to the arrival of new market information. This adaptive model is applied to the daily returns of three well-known indices: Ibex35, Dow Jones and Nikkei, for three complete years. The model reproduces the histograms of the studied indices as well as their autocorrelation structures. It produces the same fat tails and the same power laws, with exactly the same exponents, as in the real indices. In addition, the model shows a great adaptation capability, anticipating the volatility evolution and showing the same volatility clusters observed in the assets. This approach provides a novel way to model asset markets with internal dynamics which changes quickly with time, making it impossible to define a fixed model to fit the empirical observations.

  19. IBM announces global Grid computing solutions for banking, financial markets

    2003-01-01

    "IBM has announced a series of Grid projects around the world as part of its Grid computing program. They include IBM new Grid-based product offerings with business intelligence software provider SAS and other partners that address the computer-intensive needs of the banking and financial markets industry (1 page)."

  20. CUSTOMER EQUITY:MAKING MARKETING STRATEGY FINANCIALLY ACCOUNTABLE

    Ashwin ARAVINDAKSHAN; Roland T. RUST; Katherine N. LEMON; Valerie A. ZEITHAML

    2004-01-01

    The article presents an overview of the literature on customer equity and how customer equity provides an opportunity for marketers to make marketing strategy financially accountable.Traditionally, Return on Investment (ROI) models have been used to evaluate the financial expenditures required by the strategies as well as the financial returns gained by them. However in addition to requiring lengthy longitudinal data, these models also have the disadvantage of not evaluating the effect of the strategies on a firm's customer equity. The dominance of customer-centered thinking over product-centered thinking calls for a shift from product-based strategies to customer-based strategies. Hence, it is important to evaluate a firm's marketing strategies in terms of the drivers of its customer equity. The article summarizes a unified strategic framework that enables competing marketing strategy options to be traded off on the basis of projected financial return, which is operationalized as the change in a firm's customer equity relative to the incremental expenditure necessary to produce the change.

  1. Russian financial market and the prospect of its innovative development

    Ukolova Nadezhda Viktorovna

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available A lively problem of innovative development of Russia's economy is the subject of the article. The author focuses attention on direct targeting of financial market on innovations. It may be possible in case of co-operation of state and business.

  2. Understanding the source of multifractality in financial markets

    Baruník, Jozef; Aste, T.; Di Matteo, T.; Liu, R.

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 391, č. 17 (2012), s. 4234-4251. ISSN 0378-4371 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA402/09/0965 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Keywords : Multifractality * Financial markets * Hurst exponent Subject RIV: AH - Economics Impact factor: 1.676, year: 2012 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378437112002890

  3. Financial markets with data-driven investment decisions

    Adriaens, H.P.J.M.

    2008-01-01

    This thesis addresses several topics in finance and consists of two parts. The central theme is formed by economic agents making investment decisions for financial markets using available past and present information. Part I is of a more analytical nature and discusses the influence of ambiguity and

  4. Using an Artificial Financial Market for studying a Cryptocurrency Market

    Luisanna Cocco; Giulio Concas; Michele Marchesi

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents an agent-based artificial cryptocurrency market in which heterogeneous agents buy or sell cryptocurrencies, in particular Bitcoins. In this market, there are two typologies of agents, Random Traders and Chartists, which interact with each other by trading Bitcoins. Each agent is initially endowed with a finite amount of crypto and/or fiat cash and issues buy and sell orders, according to her strategy and resources. The number of Bitcoins increases over time with a rate pro...

  5. Cointegration-based financial networks study in Chinese stock market

    Tu, Chengyi

    2014-05-01

    We propose a method based on cointegration instead of correlation to construct financial complex network in Chinese stock market. The network is obtained starting from the matrix of p-value calculated by Engle-Granger cointegration test between all pairs of stocks. Then some tools for filtering information in complex network are implemented to prune the complete graph described by the above matrix, such as setting a level of statistical significance as a threshold and Planar Maximally Filtered Graph. We also calculate Partial Correlation Planar Graph of these stocks to compare the above networks. Last, we analyze these directed, weighted and non-symmetric networks by using standard methods of network analysis, including degree centrality, PageRank, HITS, local clustering coefficient, K-shell and strongly and weakly connected components. The results shed a new light on the underlying mechanisms and driving forces in a financial market and deepen our understanding of financial complex network.

  6. Coherent Patterns in Nuclei and in Financial Markets

    Drozdz, S; Speth, J

    2010-01-01

    In the area of traditional physics the atomic nucleus belongs to the most complex systems. It involves essentially all elements that characterize complexity including the most distinctive one whose essence is a permanent coexistence of coherent patterns and of randomness. From a more interdisciplinary perspective, these are the financial markets that represent an extreme complexity. Here, based on the matrix formalism, we set some parallels between several characteristics of complexity in the above two systems. We, in particular, refer to the concept - historically originating from nuclear physics considerations - of the random matrix theory and demonstrate its utility in quantifying characteristics of the coexistence of chaos and collectivity also for the financial markets. In this later case we show examples that illustrate mapping of the matrix formulation into the concepts originating from the graph theory. Finally, attention is drawn to some novel aspects of the financial coherence which opens room for s...

  7. The Integration of Corporate Non-Market and Market Strategies

    Xie, Peihong; Li, Xin; Xie, Xuemei

    2014-01-01

    ) research that shows the existing literature does not offer a clear and systematic account of the key notion of integration. It suggests any systematic account of integration should address at least three interrelated questions, i.e. why, what and how to integrate non-market and market strategies? Findings...... coordination. Overall, the authors argue, only when the right contents are combined and seamlessly coordinated will there be high synergies from integration of non-market and market strategies. Practical implications: Managers are advised to give non-market strategies full attention. Managers charged with non...

  8. High-Frequency Trading Synchronizes Prices in Financial Markets

    Austin Gerig

    2012-01-01

    High-speed computerized trading, often called "high-frequency trading" (HFT), has increased dramatically in financial markets over the last decade. In the US and Europe, it now accounts for nearly one-half of all trades. Although evidence suggests that HFT contributes to the efficiency of markets, there are concerns it also adds to market instability, especially during times of stress. Currently, it is unclear how or why HFT produces these outcomes. In this paper, I use data from NASDAQ to sh...

  9. FINANCIAL CYCLES – THE SYNCHRONIZATION WITH FINANCIAL CRISES

    Liliana DONATH

    2014-11-01

    Given the multidimensional interactions between financial and economic cycles, a close monitoring of cycles in financial markets should be an integral part of macroeconomic surveillance and policy design.

  10. Financial market and the macroeconomic variables

    Gomes, Carla Cindy Mendes

    2013-01-01

    Mestrado em Finanças This study aims to examine the effect of the macroeconomic variables on the stock market price index from Germany and Portugal, using the OLS regression model and quarterly data from 2000(Q1) to 2011(Q4). The group of the macroeconomic variables used in this study is composed by GDP, consumer price index, long term domestic interest rate, exchange rate, and by the ratio of government deficit, tax revenue, net lending or borrowing of an economy and gross fixed capital f...

  11. Business Process Management Integration Solution in Financial Sector

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available It is vital for financial services companies to ensure the rapid implementation of new processes to meet speed-to-market, service quality and compliance requirements. This has to be done against a background of increased complexity. An integrated approach to business processes allows products, processes, systems, data and the applications that underpin them to evolve quickly. Whether it’s providing a loan, setting up an insurance policy, or executing an investment instruction, optimizing the sale-to-fulfillment process will always win new business, cement customer loyalty, and reduce costs. Lack of integration across lending, payments and trading, on the other hand, simply presents competitors who are more efficient with a huge profit opportunity.

  12. Financial crisis and market risk premium: Identifying multiple structural changes

    Juan J. García-Machado

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between macroeconomic variables and stock market returns is, by now, well-documented in the literature. However, in this article we examine the long-run relationship between stock and bond markets returns over the period from 1991:11 to 2009:11, using Bai and Perron’s multiple structural change approach. Findings indicate that while the market risk premium is usually positive, periods with negative values appear only in three periods (1991:1-1993:2, 1998:3-2002:2 and from 2007:1-2009:11 leading to changes in the GDP evolution. Thereby, the study shows the presence of structural breaks in the Spanish market risk premium and its relationship with business cycle. These findings contribute to a better understanding of close linkages between the financial markets and the macroeconomic variables such as GDP. Implications of the study and suggestions for future research are provided.

  13. Crossover Phenomena in Detrended Fluctuation Analysis Used in Financial Markets

    A systematic analysis of Shanghai and Japan stock indices for the period of Jan. 1984 to Dec. 2005 is performed. After stationarity is verified by ADF (Augmented Dickey-Fuller) test, the power spectrum of the data exhibits a power law decay as a whole characterized by 1/fβ processes with possible long range correlations. Subsequently, by using the method of detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) of the general volatility in the stock markets, we find that the long-range correlations are occurred among the return series and the crossover phenomena exhibit in the results obviously. Further, Shanghai stock market shows long-range correlations in short time scale and shows short-range correlations in long time scale. Whereas, for Japan stock market, the data behaves oppositely absolutely. Last, we compare the varying of scale exponent in large volatility between two stock markets. All results obtained may indicate the possibility of characteristic of multifractal scaling behavior of the financial markets.

  14. Complex Systems: From Nuclear Physics to Financial Markets

    Speth, Josef

    2003-04-01

    Complexity is an interdisciplinary concept which first of all addresses the question of how order emerges out of randomness. We discuss two natural complex systems, the nuclear many-body systems and the financial markets. In the nuclear physics case we investigate the chaos-driven decay of giant resonances, where collective states are embedded in complex spectra. In the case of financial markets we discuss the dynamics and correlations of stock and bond indices. The first important observation here is that such indices, e.g. DOW or S, like nuclei, have a finite number of constituents, and therefore one may ask similar questions and apply the same methods to these indices as to finite nuclei. A second, more speculative observation is that financial crashes may be the analogue of critical points in statistical mechanics. Criticality implies a scale invariance that can mathematically defined as: F(λ x) = γ F(x). The general solution of this equation accounts for continuous as well as discrete scale invariance, the latter giving rise to log-periodic modulations correcting the structureless pure power-law behavior. The existence of log-periodic oscillations has been observed in many different systems.We have identified such oscillations in financial markets at very different time scales and indices. This observation seems to have some predictive power.

  15. Coherence and incoherence collective behavior in financial market

    Zhao, Shangmei; Xie, Qiuchao; Lu, Qing; Jiang, Xin; Chen, Wei

    2015-10-01

    Financial markets have been extensively studied as highly complex evolving systems. In this paper, we quantify financial price fluctuations through a coupled dynamical system composed of phase oscillators. We find that a Financial Coherence and Incoherence (FCI) coexistence collective behavior emerges as the system evolves into the stable state, in which the stocks split into two groups: one is represented by coherent, phase-locked oscillators, the other is composed of incoherent, drifting oscillators. It is demonstrated that the size of the coherent stock groups fluctuates during the economic periods according to real-world financial instabilities or shocks. Further, we introduce the coherent characteristic matrix to characterize the involvement dynamics of stocks in the coherent groups. Clustering results on the matrix provides a novel manifestation of the correlations among stocks in the economic periods. Our analysis for components of the groups is consistent with the Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS) classification and can also figure out features for newly developed industries. These results can provide potentially implications on characterizing the inner dynamical structure of financial markets and making optimal investment into tragedies.

  16. DEEPENING SERVICES MARKET INTEGRATION - A CRITICAL ASSESSMENT

    Jacques Pelkmans

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The greatest asset of the European Union is undoubtedly its internal market. However, the internal market is not completed: it suffers from a giant hole with respect to many services. The present contribution addresses the status of services in the internal market and, in particular, the horizontal liberalisation (or, the lack of it of services outside the two large sectors which greatly deepened market integration (6 modes of transport and 3 financial services markets. Because a horizontal perspective on services in the EU is still little understood, it is briefly summarized what services really are and how their regulatory logic in the internal market can help to classify them. The (strong economic case for deepening services market integration is built on recent empirical economic analysis as well as simulation. This is followed by a discussion, with flowchart, of the Bolkestein draft directive, against the backdrop of the frustrating lack of, or at best, selective progress on services for decades. A survey of economic impact studies of the draft directive is provided, too, underpinning its importance even when the infamous origin principle is taken out. Some light is subsequently shed on the tumultuous politicisation of the services debate. Emphasis is laid on the socio-economic context (which, it is submitted, sharpened the discussion at times into polarisation and a series of other factors such as the diversity of the national regulatory frameworks of services and the labour employed, the complexity of the draft directive, the potentially radical nature of the origin principle (especially for those not aware of the case law of the ECJ, the dominant role of the EP and the opportunism of leading national politicians. Finally, directive 2006/123 –meanwhile in force – is explained and briefly assessed. Apart from the conspicuous manifestation of 'Angst' in drafting the directive, the (de merits are set out. The conclusion is that a badly

  17. Responsiveness of the MENA Economic Growth to the EU Financial Integration: A Problem Evaluation

    Seyed Komail Tayebi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Implementing a currency union may lead members to face financial crisis if their financial markets are not ready to adopt themselves to a new situation. There are still problems like ownership concentration and self-governing states cause limitation in economic growth, financial development, and the ability of a country to take advantage of financial integration. The evidence is that the proportion of global financial flows dedicated to the low- and middle-income developing economies, decreased after the Asian crisis of 1997-98 (Das, 2006. These problems explain why the impact of financial integration has been limited and why it can lead to capital flight and financial crises. In this study, we develop an analytical framework of economic growth and assessing special and differential treatment of currency union (a subject of financial integration members (like the EU and apply this framework to MENA countries. We propose specifically that one can evaluate the "average" impact of the currency union membership on growth of the countries. It reveals the fact that the routine program evaluation can be for all the EU and MENA members. We will call this treated or untreated, respectively. Next, we predict such outcomes for a group of countries based on matching of their characteristics. Hence we use the matching method to make a relationship between a response variable (economic growth and a treatment variable (financial integration experimentally in the economies of the EU and MENA.

  18. Financial Institutions and Markets across Countries and over Time : Data and Analysis

    Beck, Thorsten; Demirgüç-Kunt, Asli; Levine, Ross

    2009-01-01

    This paper introduces the updated and expanded version of the Financial Development and Structure Database and presents recent trends in structure and development of financial institutions and markets across countries. The authors add indicators on banking structure and financial globalization. They find a deepening of both financial markets and institutions, a trend concentrated in high-i...

  19. Market, Country and World Effects on Regional Equity Market Integration

    Chee-Wooi Hooy

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This study explores the fundamental driving forces of regional equity market integration in a trading bloc. The determinant factors are categorized into market attribute, economic fundamentals and world information. Our sample consists of 26 equity markets of five regional trading blocs, namely AFTA, CER, EFTA, EU and NAFTA over the period of January 1999 to August 2005. We measure market integration based on pricing errors as proposed by Korajczyk (1996 and Levine and Zervos (1998. Using panel regressions, our results show that equity integration in these trading blocs is driven internally, where only individual market volatility and economic fundamentals play a significant role in the process. Intrabloc trade is found to enhance regional equity market integration, supporting the notion that regional convergence extends beyond the trade sector that is promoted in the trade agreements. We also document regime shifting effects during stock market crises, where most of these markets became strongly integrated after a regional crisis, but integration was significantly weakened during a crisis that affected the world markets. Also, the level of equity market integration differs across trading blocs, where the blocs with a smaller number of country members are relatively more integrated.

  20. Time series analysis for minority game simulations of financial markets

    Ferreira, F F; Machado, B S; Muruganandam, P

    2003-01-01

    The minority game model introduced recently provides promising insights into the understanding of the evolution of prices, indices and rates in the financial markets. In this paper we perform a time series analysis of the model employing tools from statistics, dynamical systems theory and stochastic processes. Using benchmark systems and a financial index for comparison, we draw conclusions about the generating mechanism for this kind of evolution. The trajectories of the model are found to be similar to that of the first differences of the SP500 index: stochastic, nonlinear and (unit root) stationary.

  1. ECONOMIC NATURE OF THE FINANCIAL REGULATION OF INSURANCE MARKET

    L. Shirinyan

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Author made critical review of researches and found out the existance of the problem of determination and differentiation in a scientific literature the concepts “financial regulation of the insurance market”, “government financial regulation of the insurance market” and “government regulation of the insurance market”. It is offered the consideration of the insurance market from positions of analysis of the complex systems as being the component part of the greater system. It is disclosured the economic nature and determined the mentioned notions.

  2. THE INNOVATIONS ON THE FINANCIAL MARKETS USING DERIVATIVES FOR BANKING MARKET RISK COVERAGE

    Mihaela SUDACEVSCHI; Ion NITU

    2010-01-01

    Derivatives are used for speculative purposes and to reduce the risks manifested on financial markets. Banking market, due to the high volatility of exchange rate and interest rate derivatives are frequently used to cover the risk associated with lending. Contracts such as options on the exchange rate of national currency, swaps - on interest rate exchange, forward on the interest rate, swaps and options on interest rates, banks enable unbundling credit risk and the funding market and credit ...

  3. Financial Development, Long-Term Finance and the Macroeconomy : The Role of Secondary Markets

    Uras, R.B.

    2014-01-01

    The paper develops a dynamic general equilibrium model of financial markets and macroeconomy. In the model, long-term debt is extended to firms in a primary market and then traded in a secondary market among financiers. Two financial frictions that are ex-ante and ex-post with respect to the seconda

  4. Financial Markets, Banking and the Design of Monetary Policy: A Stable Baseline Scenario

    Florian Hartmann

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A baseline integration of commercial banks into the disequilibrium framework with behavioral traders of Charpe et al. (2011, 2012 is presented. At the core of the analysis is the impact the banking sector exerts on the interaction of real and financial markets. Potentially destabilizing feedback channels in the presence of imperfect macroeconomic portfolio adjustment and heterogeneous expectations are investigated. Given the possible financial market instability, various policy instruments have to be applied in order to guarantee viable dynamics in the highly interconnected macroeconomy. Among those are open market operations reacting to the state-of-confidence in the economy and Tobin-type capital gain taxes. The need for policy intervention is even more striking, as the banking sector is modeled in a rather stability enhancing way, fulfilling its fundamental tasks of term transformation of savings and credit granting without engaging in investment activities itself.

  5. Is the global leadership of the US financial market over other financial markets shaken by 2007-2009 financial crisis? Evidence from Wavelet Analysis

    Saiti, Buerhan; Bacha, Obiyathulla; Masih, Mansur

    2014-01-01

    The issue of market linkages (and price discovery) between stock indices and the lead-lag relationship are topics of interest to financial economists, financial managers and analysts. The lead-lag relationship analysis should take into account both the short and long-run investor. From a portfolio diversification perspective, the first type of investor is generally more interested in knowing the comovement of stock returns at higher frequencies, that is, short-run fluctuations, while the latt...

  6. Modelling Financial Markets by Self-Organized Criticality

    Biondo, A E; Rapisarda, A

    2015-01-01

    We present a financial market model, characterized by self-organized criticality, that is able to generate endogenously a realistic price dynamics and to reproduce well-known stylized facts. We consider a community of heterogeneous traders, composed by chartists and fundamentalists, and focus on the role of informative pressure on market participants, showing how the spreading of information, based on a realistic imitative behavior, drives contagion and causes market fragility. In this model imitation is not intended as a change in the agent's group of origin, but is referred only to the price formation process. We introduce in the community also a variable number of random traders in order to study their possible beneficial role in stabilizing the market, as found in other studies. Finally we also suggest some counterintuitive policy strategies able to dampen fluctuations by means of a partial reduction of information.

  7. Modeling financial markets by self-organized criticality

    Biondo, Alessio Emanuele; Pluchino, Alessandro; Rapisarda, Andrea

    2015-10-01

    We present a financial market model, characterized by self-organized criticality, that is able to generate endogenously a realistic price dynamics and to reproduce well-known stylized facts. We consider a community of heterogeneous traders, composed by chartists and fundamentalists, and focus on the role of informative pressure on market participants, showing how the spreading of information, based on a realistic imitative behavior, drives contagion and causes market fragility. In this model imitation is not intended as a change in the agent's group of origin, but is referred only to the price formation process. We introduce in the community also a variable number of random traders in order to study their possible beneficial role in stabilizing the market, as found in other studies. Finally, we also suggest some counterintuitive policy strategies able to dampen fluctuations by means of a partial reduction of information.

  8. Benefits of an integrated European electricity market

    Böckers, Veit; Haucap, Justus; Heimeshoff, Ulrich

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyses the benefits of further market integration of European wholesale electricity markets. Major gains from trade are sill left unrealized due to (1) uncomplete market coupling of national wholesale markets, (2) isolated national regulation of capacity and reserve mechanisms (CRM) and (3) a lack of harmonization of national support schemes for renewable energies.

  9. FRAUD MANAGEMENT AUDIT AND THE EVOLUTION OF FINANCIAL MARKETS UNDER THESE CIRCUMSTANCES

    Florin BOGHEAN; Carmen BOGHEAN

    2013-01-01

    Financial management could not be conducted without information in general and without financial and accounting information in particular. Economic, financial, accounting and market information is essential for understanding and applying the management objectives. Financial decisions rely upon the association between the regulatory economic policies implemented on a macroeconomic level and the individual financial decisions made on a microeconomic level. The responsibilities of external audit...

  10. An Empirical Analysis of Lead-Lag Relationship among Various Financial Markets

    Xiaoli Wang

    2015-01-01

    The efficient-market hypothesis (EMH) asserts that financial markets are "informationally efficient", i.e. all relevant information will be fully and immediately reflected in a security's market price. Other researchers however, have disputed the efficient-market hypothesis both empirically and theoretically. In this paper, we contribute to the discussions of market efficiency by empirically testing the lead-lag relationship among various financial markets. If markets are efficient in process...

  11. Using trading strategies to detect phase transitions in financial markets

    Forró, Z.; Woodard, R.; Sornette, D.

    2015-04-01

    We show that the log-periodic power law singularity model (LPPLS), a mathematical embodiment of positive feedbacks between agents and of their hierarchical dynamical organization, has a significant predictive power in financial markets. We find that LPPLS-based strategies significantly outperform the randomized ones and that they are robust with respect to a large selection of assets and time periods. The dynamics of prices thus markedly deviate from randomness in certain pockets of predictability that can be associated with bubble market regimes. Our hybrid approach, marrying finance with the trading strategies, and critical phenomena with LPPLS, demonstrates that targeting information related to phase transitions enables the forecast of financial bubbles and crashes punctuating the dynamics of prices.

  12. Econophysics: Two-phase behaviour of financial markets

    Plerou, Vasiliki; Gopikrishnan, Parameswaran; Stanley, H. Eugene

    2003-01-01

    Buying and selling in financial markets is driven by demand, which can be quantified by the imbalance in the number of shares transacted by buyers and sellers over a given time interval. Here we analyse the probability distribution of demand, conditioned on its local noise intensity Σ, and discover the surprising existence of a critical threshold, Σc. For Σ Σc, two most probable values emerge that are symmetrical around zero demand, corresponding to excess demand and excess supply; we interpret this as an out-of-equilibrium phase in which the market behaviour is mainly buying for half of the time, and mainly selling for the other half.

  13. A New Approach to Spreadsheet Analytics Management in Financial Markets

    Sentence, Brian

    2008-01-01

    Spreadsheets in financial markets are frequently used as database, calculator and reporting application combined. This paper describes an alternative approach in which spreadsheet design and database technology have been brought together in order to alleviate management and regulatory concerns over the operational risks of spreadsheet usage. In particular, the paper focuses on the rapid creation and centralised deployment of statistical analytics within a software system now in use by major investment banks, and presents a novel technique for the manipulation in spreadsheets of high volumes of intraday market data.

  14. Self-fulfilling Ising Model of Financial Markets

    Zhou, W X; Zhou, Wei-Xing; Sornette, Didier

    2005-01-01

    We study a dynamical Ising model of agents' opinions (buy or sell) with coupling coefficients reassessed continuously in time according to how past external news (magnetic field) have explained realized market returns. By combining herding, the impact of external news and private information, we test within the same model the hypothesis that agents are rational versus irrational. We find that the stylized facts of financial markets are reproduced only when agents are over-confident and mis-attribute the success of news to predict return to herding effects, thereby providing positive feedbacks leading to the model functioning close to the critical point.

  15. INTEGRATION OF FINANCIAL AND NON-FINANCIAL REPORTS UNDER MANAGEMENT CONDITIONS

    Prodanciuk Mihail

    2013-01-01

    The paper presents the assessment of the development of integrated reports overseas and describes the stages of establishment of such a system. The form and structure of corporate reporting is developed, and is differentiated, reflecting the integrated information regarding aspects of financial and non-financial activity: statistical indicators, economical, financial and social, company strategy, future cash flows, the value of human capital, and the stability ...

  16. The Financial Instruments for Risk Management on the International Financial Markets

    Alina Hagiu

    2008-01-01

    The international financial market is extremely volatile because of the influence of anumerous objective and subjective factors. Because of these, în their fight for maximizing the profit, the creditinstitutes confronts permanently with all sort of risks.It is important to know that the risk is generated by a numerous operations and procedures. From thesecause, at least în the financial field, the risk must be considered as a complex of risks, în the sense that they canhave common causes, and...

  17. General Equilibrium Analysis of the Czech Financial Market and a Financial Fragility Model

    Ondřej Machek; Luboš Smrčka; Jiří Hnilica; Markéta Arltová; Dimitrios P. Tsomocos

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to create a financial fragility model for the Czech financial sector. We adapt the Goodhart-Tsomocos model which is based on general equilibrium with incomplete markets, money and default. The calibration of the model is based on publicly available data from the period 2003-2011. Finally, we perform comparative statics to show how the key variables of the model respond to possible events. The model can be used by government institutions to stress-test the banking ...

  18. Measuring monetary policy expectations from financial market instruments

    Joyce, Michael; Relleen, Jonathan; Sorensen, Steffen

    2008-01-01

    This paper reviews the main instruments and associated yield curves that can be used to measure financial market participants’ expectations of future UK monetary policy rates. We attempt to evaluate these instruments and curves in terms of their ability to forecast policy rates over the period from October 1992, when the United Kingdom first adopted an explicit inflation target, to March 2007. We also investigate several model-based methods of estimating forward term premia, in order to calcu...

  19. Defending Fair Use Against Legal and Financial Market Infringement

    Driscoll, Margaret A.

    2008-01-01

    This paper reviews recent legislative changes to the U.S. Copyright Act and explains how these changes, along with the growth of a financial market for copyright clearance permissions, infringe on the original purpose of copyright protection, especially the fair use provision. The legislative changes have additionally caused increased copyright confusion, hesitancy, and misinformation regarding what can and cannot be used under the fair use provision, thus adversely affecting the quality of e...

  20. Effects of Aging on Gender Differences in Financial Markets

    Ran Shao; Na Wang

    2015-01-01

    Gender differences in risk-taking and investment decisions have been widely documented in the financial markets. Utilizing trading information from individual investor brokerage accounts, this paper explores the effects of aging on gender differences in terms of portfolio turnover and returns. We document that male investors trade more frequently than female investors and yield lower portfolio returns, but these gender differences attenuate substantially with age. Our study suggests that gend...

  1. Using Financial Market Information to Enhance Canadian Fiscal Policy

    Huw Lloyd-Ellis; Xiaodong Zhu

    2004-01-01

    In this article we argue that the evaluation and implementation of Canadian fiscal policy could be significantly improved through the systematic use of information provided by global financial markets. In particular, we show how the information contained in internationally traded asset returns can be used to (1) provide a more meaningful cyclical-adjustment of the budget deficit, (2) assess the sustainability of the public debt, and (3) reduce the risk of the debt becoming unsustainable witho...

  2. What Do Financial Markets Reveal about Global Warming?

    Ron Balvers; Ding Du; Xiaobing Zhao

    2009-01-01

    Financial market information can provide an objective assessment of expected losses due to global warming. In a Merton-type asset pricing model, with asset prices affected by changes in investment opportunities caused by global warming, the risk premium is significantly negative and growing over time, loadings for most assets are negative, and asset portfolios in more vulnerable industries have stronger negative loadings on the global warming factor. Required returns are 0.11 percent higher d...

  3. Revenue diversification in emerging market banks: implications for financial performance

    Ben Gamra, Saoussen; Plihon, Dominique

    2011-01-01

    Shaped by structural forces of change, banking in emerging markets has recently experienced a decline in its traditional activities, leading banks to diversify into new business strategies. This paper examines whether the observed shift into non-interest based activities improves financial performance. Using a sample of 714 banks across 14 East-Asian and Latin-American countries over the post 1997-crisis changing structure, we find that diversification gains are more than offset by the cost o...

  4. Critical Analysis of Electronic Simulation of Financial Market Fluctuations

    Fanchiotti, H.; Canal, C. A. García; Martínez, N.

    2002-01-01

    An interesting analog circuit for simulating a signal with fluctuations having a probability density function with a power tail has recently been proposed and constructed. The exponent of the power law can be fixed by tuning an appropriate circuit element. The proposal is to use the circuit as a simulator-generator of financial market fluctuations and as a tool for risk estimations and forecasts. We present a discussion of the stability conditions for multiplicative noise and an exhaustive an...

  5. INFORMATION CASCADES WITH FINANCIAL MARKET PROFESSIONALS: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY

    Jonathan E. Alevy; Haigh, Michael S.; List, John A

    2003-01-01

    In settings where there is imperfect information about an underlying state of nature, but where inferences are made sequentially and are publicly observable, information cascades can lead to rational herding. Cascade phenomena may be seen in a variety of areas including technology adoption, financial market behavior, as well as in social processes such as mate selection or fads and fashions. Theories of rational herding have found a natural testing ground in experimental environments since th...

  6. Financial Market Constraints and Private Investment in a Developing Country

    Johnson, Omotunde E G

    1990-01-01

    Firms in developing countries that seek outside financing for investment must often choose their debt-equity combinations in the face of financial market constraints on debt service, on outside equity financing, and on internal finance (endowments). Inefficiencies in the allocation of available finance and in the equity-debt choices that can ensue can be prevented by appropriate policy measures to improve information on profitable investment opportunities and about firms; to directly strength...

  7. Analysis of Recent Monetary Operations & Financial Market Developments

    Gallagher, Brian; Johnston, Paul

    2014-01-01

    As the financial crisis continued in 2012, developments in peripheral Europe and the ECB’s monetary policy continued to be closely watched by market participants as many banks remained heavily reliant on central bank funding and the level of ECB borrowing increased to record highs. In this article, we review 2012 and the first five months of 2013, examining the main changes to the ECB’s operational framework and the evolution of Eurosystem lending, particularly the allotment and subsequent Ea...

  8. Essays on univariate and multivariate modeling of financial market risks

    Scheffer, Marcus

    2015-01-01

    This dissertation explores risk management with regard to the univariate and multivariate modeling of financial market risks by applying three different scientific research methods: the deductive approach, the design and implementation of a model as well as the inductive analysis of simulation results. The introduction in chapter one is followed by a theory-based approach in the second chapter with the objective to investigate implications of mean reversion in asset prices with respect to the...

  9. Product Market Integration, Comparative Advantages and Labour Market Performance

    Andersen, Torben M.; Rose Skaksen, Jan

    2003-01-01

    Product Market Integration, Comparative Advantages andLabour Market Performance@*In a two-country model with trade driven by comparative advantages, it is considered howimperfectly competitive labour markets are affected by lower frictions in international goodstrade. Easier goods trading is equi.......JEL Classification: F15, J30, J50Keywords: trade frictions, wage formation, employment, welfare gains...

  10. Time Varying Market Integration and Expected Rteurns in Emerging Markets

    de Jong, F.C.J.M.; de Roon, F.A.

    2001-01-01

    We use a simple model in which the expected returns in emerging markets depend on their systematic risk as measured by their beta relative to the world portfolio as well as on the level of integration in that market.The level of integration is a time-varying variable that depends on the market value of the assets that can be held by domestic investors only versus the market value of the assets that can be traded freely.Our empirical analysis for 30 emerging markets shows that there are strong...

  11. Financial integration in the European Union. Measurement and determination

    Lemmen, J.J.G.

    1996-01-01

    The first part of this study addresses the measurement of financial integration in the European Union (EU). First, we present empirical evidence on the degree of financial integration as measured with interest parity conditions. Second, the study applies an error-correction model of saving-investmen

  12. Integrated Marketing Communication plan for GSK Nordic

    Savelius, Sanna

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis was to create an integrated marketing communication plan for GSK Nordic. This included creating a marketing gift that will be sent to Swedish service firms and suggestions on how IMC could be implemented also in the future. The focus was on creating a marketing gift which would help GSK Nordic achieve their goal of finding co-operation partner from Sweden. Theoretical part of this thesis focused on the concept of integrated marketing com-munication and communica...

  13. COMMUNICATION AND PROMOTION OF INTEGRATED MARKETING

    Keshav Lengare

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Integrated Marketing Communication emerges as a powerful tool that guides practitionersin developing and implementing marketing communications more consistently and effectively.Despite its continuing appeal little is known about its physical or visible form in marketing communication process, but the emergence of this concept has become one of the most significantexamples of development in the marketing discipline. It is the most innovative function ofmarketing endorsed by advertising and marketing practitioners. Integrated Marketing Communication has moved beyond communication to the process of using promotional elements in a unified way so that a synergistic communication effect is created and achieved.

  14. Economic and Financial Interactions between Brazil and Mexico: ¿Which Degree of Integration?

    Ma. Esther Morales

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes trade and financial transactions between Brazil and Mexico in order to evaluate the magnitude of their reciprocal integration. Our results suggest that both countries have successfully got inserted into the international economy, which can be observed in their high volumes of trade, in their receiving foreign direct investment and in the size of their capital markets, as well as in the magnitude of their association with the most important countries and financial centers throughout the world. However, even if their bi-na-tional trade and financial integration has notably increased, especially after the Economic Complementation Agreements came into force in 2003 and due to the "translatinization" of Brazilian and Mexican firms, the magnitude of their reciprocal trade and financial transactions remains at very low relative levels, a situation that may significantly change in the framework of a possible strategic agreement of economic integration between these two countries.

  15. The Effects of the Global Financial Crisis on China's Financial Market and Macroeconomy

    Linyue Li

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a brief review of the increasing importance of China in the world economy and discusses the spillover effects of the global financial crisis on China's financial markets and macroeconomy. It presents and critiques alternative ways of estimating these effects. Contrary to much popular discussion, China was hit fairly hard by the global recession generated by the financial crisis. It suffered a huge drop in exports, and these effects on the economy were only partially offset by China's huge stimulus program. While growth remained well above international averages, its drop was of the same order of magnitude as for the United States. The paper closes with a brief discussion of some of the major challenges facing China to rebalance its economy in order to sustain high growth.

  16. Rice market integration in southern Sumatra, Indonesia

    Yetty Oktarina

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigates rice market integration among five provinces in southern Sumatra using data from monthly retail rice markets during 2004-2009. The degree of integration was measured across provinces using vector error correction model. Result revealed that there is spatial market integration in southern Sumatra. Province of Bangka Belitung can make price adjustment more quickly compared to others provinces. In the long run period, rice price in Jambi province, Lampung province, and Ba...

  17. Banks, Development Financial Institutions and Credit Markets in India: A Simple Model of Financial Intermediation

    Ghosh, Saibal

    2003-01-01

    The paper examines the interaction between a bank and a development financial institution (DFIs) in a macroeconomic set-up, both of whom can lend for working capital and investment finance purposes. Our analysis reveals that the reduction in the interest rate premium on bonds over the deposit rate is an important pre-requisite for the DFI to raise its market share in both investment finance and working capital lending. Also, greater corporate access to bond financing raises investment, output...

  18. The Effects of World Financial Integration on Financing Current Account Deficits: The Case for Turkey

    S. Cem Karaman; Nurettin Can

    2014-01-01

    The world financial markets are integrated more than ever. Together with countries opening their economies to the world, we see the dynamics of capital movements changing together with how countries respond to their domestic capital needs. Today, foreign capital is financing most of Turkey’s current account deficit. With this paper, we show that the main reason why Turkey is borrowing so much money from international markets and its current account deficit is substantial, is global liquidity ...

  19. Financial transmission rights meet Cournot: How TCCs curb market power

    This paper reconsiders the problem of market power when generators face a demand curve limited by a transmission constraint. After demonstrating that the problem's importance originates in an inherent ambiguity in Cournot-Nash theory, the author reviews Oren's argument that generators in this situation capture all congestion rents. In the one-line case, this argument depends on an untested hypothesis while in the three-line case, the Nash equilibrium was misidentified. Finally, the argument that financial transmission rights (and TCCs in particular) will have zero market value is refuted by modeling the possibility of their purchase by generators. This allows transmission owners, who initially own the TCCs, to capture some of the congestion rent. In fact when total capacity exceeds line capacity by more than the capacity of the largest generator, TCCs should attain their perfectly competitive value, thereby curbing the market power of generators

  20. On the Modular Dynamics of Financial Market Networks

    Silva, Filipi N; Peron, Thomas K DM; Rodrigues, Francisco A; Ye, Cheng; Wilson, Richard C; Costa, Edwin Hancockm Luciano da F

    2015-01-01

    The financial market is a complex dynamical system composed of a large variety of intricate relationships between several entities, such as banks, corporations and institutions. At the heart of the system lies the stock exchange mechanism, which establishes a time-evolving network of transactions among companies and individuals. Such network can be inferred through correlations between time series of companies stock prices, allowing the overall system to be characterized by techniques borrowed from network science. Here we study the presence of communities in the inferred stock market network, and show that the knowledge about the communities alone can provide a nearly complete representation of the system topology. This is done by defining a simple random model sharing only the sizes and interconnectivity between communities observed in the time-evolving stock market network. We show that many topological characteristics of the inferred networks are preserved in the modeled networks. In particular, we find t...

  1. Testing for detailed balance in a financial market

    Fiebig, H. R.; Musgrove, D. P.

    2015-06-01

    We test a historical price-time series in a financial market (the NASDAQ 100 index) for a statistical property known as detailed balance. The presence of detailed balance would imply that the market can be modeled by a stochastic process based on a Markov chain, thus leading to equilibrium. In economic terms, a positive outcome of the test would support the efficient market hypothesis, a cornerstone of neo-classical economic theory. In contrast to the usage in prevalent economic theory the term equilibrium here is tied to the returns, rather than the price-time series. The test is based on an action functional S constructed from the elements of the detailed balance condition and the historical data set, and then analyzing S by means of simulated annealing. Checks are performed to verify the validity of the analysis method. We discuss the outcome of this analysis.

  2. Financial overview of integrated community energy systems

    Croke, K. G.; Hurter, A. P.; Lerner, E.; Breen, W.; Baum, J.

    1977-01-01

    This report is designed to analyze the commercialization potential of various concepts of community-scale energy systems that have been termed Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). A case analysis of alternative ICES concepts applied to a major metropolitan development complex is documented. The intent of this study is twofold: (1) to develop a framework for comparing ICES technologies to conventional energy supply systems and (2) to identify potential problems in the commercialization of new systems approaches to energy conservation. In brief, the ICES Program of the ERDA Office of Energy Conservation is intended to identify the opportunities for energy conservation in the community context through analysis, development, and/or demonstration of: location and design of buildings, building complexes, and infrastructure links; engineering and systems design of existing, emerging, and advanced energy production and delivery technologies and systems; regulatory designs for public planning, administration, and regulation of energy-conserving community development and energy services; and financial planning for energy-conserving community development and energy supply systems.

  3. Stock market development and financial deepening in developing countries : some correlation patterns

    Dong He; Pardy, Robert

    1993-01-01

    Programs to develop securities markets are now a common feature of World Bank financial sector loans. Stock market development in particular is receiving considerable attention, especially the legal and institutional underpinnings required for successful stock market development. The financial underpinnings needed have received less study. The authors contribute to such a study by exploring the relationship between the degrees of financial depth and stock market development in an economy. Usi...

  4. Problems faced by Independent Financial Advisers in the further enhancement of the market for Ethical Investments

    Bahrdt, Katja Bahrdt

    2009-01-01

    Ethical investment is a small but growing market, particularly for retail Ethical Investment products. Within this sector of the UK financial market, Independent Financial Advisers (IFAs) hold a key position placed as they are between consumers and suppliers, and have the potential to expand the market for Ethical Investment. It is suspected that several problems inside the market for Ethical Investment and the UK financial service sector are hindering the IFAs to do so. Hence, the purpose of...

  5. Financial Inclusion and the Linkages to Stability, Integrity and Protection : Insights from the South African Experience

    CGAP

    2012-01-01

    International Standard-Setting Bodies (SSBs) and national policy makers-including financial regulators-pursue the core objectives of financial stability, financial integrity and financial consumer protection. These advances challenge financial regulators to consider how to optimize the linkages among the four distinct policy objectives financial inclusion, financial stability, financial in...

  6. Integrated marketing communications at solar energy equipment market

    I.L. Litovchenko; I.A. Shkurupskaya

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the article. The article is devoted to the development of the concept of «integrated marketing communications», as well as its adaptation to a specific market of solar energy equipment. The theoretical development of foreign and domestic scholars in the field of IMC is considered. The aim of the article is to define the concept of «integrated marketing communications» and use them in the market of solar еnergy equipment in an information economy. The author's definition of the c...

  7. Integration of Capital Markets from Central and Eastern Europe: Implications for EU Investors

    Alexandra HOROBET

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Our paper investigates the extent of capital market co-movements between three emerging markets Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland and three developed markets from the European Union – Austria, France and Germany. We test whether an increase in correlations between the six markets took place in recent years, as revealing higher integration of capital markets in the region. We find a statistically significant positive trend in cross-market correlations between 1999 and 2008, before the emergence of the global financial crisis. Movements in national stock markets are not fully synchronized, but increases in market volatilities lead to increases in cross-country correlations. There is a long-term relationship between some of these countries capital markets, and information is transmitted from one market to the other. Our findings confirm previous studies and lead to the conclusion that stock markets from Central and Eastern Europe became more integrated with the developed markets in European Union.

  8. The Study on the Market Position for China Post to Launch International Financial Service

    LANG Qiu-hong; ZHOU Zhi-cui; DU Yu-wei

    2005-01-01

    The article studies the international financial service, which might be opened by China Post. Based on defining postal financial service, it analyses the face-to-face circumstances and challenges by using the method of normal market position and the method of General Electric Company (GEC). Finally it defines the market position of Postal Financial International Service(PFIS).

  9. THE INTEGRATION OF CAPITAL MARKETS: CORRELATION ANALYSIS

    Ioan TRENCA; Eva DEZSI

    2010-01-01

    The financial theory predicts that gains can be achieved through international portfolio diversification, if the different markets are not correlated. As we can see the level of interaction or independence between markets has an important impact of the investments, in means of risk and return. International portfolio diversification can lead to efficient asset allocation and reduce risk, assets associated with similar levels of risk are anticipated to have similar levels of return in integrat...

  10. In which Financial Markets do Mutual Fund Theorems hold true?

    Schachermayer, Walter; Taflin, Erik

    2007-01-01

    The Mutual Fund Theorem (MFT) is considered in a general semimartingale financial market S with a finite time horizon T, where agents maximize expected utility of terminal wealth. It is established that: 1) Let N be the wealth process of the num\\'eraire portfolio (i.e. the optimal portfolio for the log utility). If any path-independent option with maturity T written on the num\\'eraire portfolio can be replicated by trading \\emph{only} in N, then the (MFT) holds true for general utility functions, and the num\\'eraire portfolio may serve as mutual fund. This generalizes Merton's classical result on Black-Scholes markets. Conversely, under a supplementary weak completeness assumption, we show that the validity of the (MFT) for general utility functions implies the same replicability property for options on the num\\'eraire portfolio described above. 2) If for a given class of utility functions (i.e. investors) the (MFT) holds true in all complete Brownian financial markets S, then all investors use the same utili...

  11. The highly intelligent virtual agents for modeling financial markets

    Yang, G.; Chen, Y.; Huang, J. P.

    2016-02-01

    Researchers have borrowed many theories from statistical physics, like ensemble, Ising model, etc., to study complex adaptive systems through agent-based modeling. However, one fundamental difference between entities (such as spins) in physics and micro-units in complex adaptive systems is that the latter are usually with high intelligence, such as investors in financial markets. Although highly intelligent virtual agents are essential for agent-based modeling to play a full role in the study of complex adaptive systems, how to create such agents is still an open question. Hence, we propose three principles for designing high artificial intelligence in financial markets and then build a specific class of agents called iAgents based on these three principles. Finally, we evaluate the intelligence of iAgents through virtual index trading in two different stock markets. For comparison, we also include three other types of agents in this contest, namely, random traders, agents from the wealth game (modified on the famous minority game), and agents from an upgraded wealth game. As a result, iAgents perform the best, which gives a well support for the three principles. This work offers a general framework for the further development of agent-based modeling for various kinds of complex adaptive systems.

  12. Marketing communication expenditures and financial capital—the impact of marketing as an option

    V.L. Hodgson; A. Hodgson

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the financial effectiveness of marketing communication expenditure (MCE) as an instrument to increase risk-weighted capital. We nest a cross-sectional time-series panel model within the risk-adjusted earnings principles of Ohlson (1995), and apply the model to a dataset of NSW cr

  13. Dynamics of cluster structures in a financial market network

    Kocheturov, Anton; Batsyn, Mikhail; Pardalos, Panos M.

    2014-11-01

    In the course of recent fifteen years the network analysis has become a powerful tool for studying financial markets. In this work we analyze stock markets of the USA and Sweden. We study cluster structures of a market network constructed from a correlation matrix of returns of the stocks traded in each of these markets. Such cluster structures are obtained by means of the P-Median Problem (PMP) whose objective is to maximize the total correlation between a set of stocks called medians of size p and other stocks. Every cluster structure is an undirected disconnected weighted graph in which every connected component (cluster) is a star, or a tree with one central node (called a median) and several leaf nodes connected with the median by weighted edges. Our main observation is that in non-crisis periods of time cluster structures change more chaotically, while during crises they show more stable behavior and fewer changes. Thus an increasing stability of a market graph cluster structure obtained via the PMP could be used as an indicator of a coming crisis.

  14. Crossover Phenomena in Detrended Fluctuation Analysis Used in Financial Markets

    MA Shi-Hao

    2009-01-01

    A systematic analysis of Shanghai and Japan stock indices for the period of Jan.1984 to Dec.2005 is performed.After stationarity is verified by ADF (Augmented Dickey-Fuller) test, the power spectrum of the data exhibits a power law decay as a whole characterized by 1/fβ processes with possible long range correlations.Subsequently, by using the method of detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) of the genera/volatility in the stock markets, we find that the long-range correlations are occurred among the return series and the crossover phenomena exhibit in the results obviously.Further, Shanghai stock market shows long-range correlations in short time scale and shows short-range correlations in long time scale.Whereas, for Japan stock market, the data behaves oppositely absolutely.Last, we compare the varying of scale exponent in large volatility between two stock markets.All results obtained may indicate the possibility of characteristic of multifractal scaling behavior of the financial markets.

  15. "Evidence on the Efficient Market Hypothesis from 44 Global Financial Market Indexes"

    Huijian Dong; Bowers, Helen M.; William R. Latham

    2013-01-01

    This paper employs Granger causality tests to identify the impacts of historical information from global financial markets on their current levels in 30-day windows. The dataset consists primarily of the daily index levels of the (1) open, (2) closed, (3) intraday high, (4) intraday low, and (5) trading volume series for the world’s 37 most influential equity market indexes, two crude oil prices, a gold price, and four major money market prices in the United States are used as control groups....

  16. Testing Onion Market Integration in Pakistan

    Lohano, Heman D.; Mari, Fateh M.; Rajab A. Memon

    2005-01-01

    This paper analyses spatial market integration using monthly wholesale real price of onion in four regional markets located in each of the four provinces of Pakistan. Unit root test indicates that the price series in each location are stationary, and the series are represented as autoregressive model for eachlocation. The error correction model results show that the regional markets of onion have strong price linkages, and thus are spatially integrated.

  17. COMMUNICATION AND PROMOTION OF INTEGRATED MARKETING

    Keshav Lengare

    2016-01-01

    Integrated Marketing Communication emerges as a powerful tool that guides practitionersin developing and implementing marketing communications more consistently and effectively.Despite its continuing appeal little is known about its physical or visible form in marketing communication process, but the emergence of this concept has become one of the most significantexamples of development in the marketing discipline. It is the most innovative function ofmarketing endorsed by advertising and mar...

  18. Integrative Process-Oriented Real Estate Marketing

    M. Wiffler

    2005-01-01

    Real estate marketing is still focused on McCarthy's 4-P or marketing-mix approach. In today's volatile markets the 4-P approach will no longer lead to satisfying results. It neglects an inherent strategic approach, lacks a process-oriented view and is rather focussed on the product than the customer and the customer's needs. Therefore, the author presents an integrative process oriented real estate marketing approach. Firstly, this approach is aligned with the property's position in its life...

  19. Influence of Terrorist Activities on Financial Markets: Evidence from KSE

    Usman Bashir

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the influence of terrorist activities taking place in Pakistan on KSE (Karachi Stock Exchange for the period of 01/2005 to 12/2010 using the GARCH & GARCH- EVT to identify the relationship between these two variables, the study establishes that the terrorist activities adversely affect the financial markets and in case of KSE, it is highly significant relation. Reason for the negative relationship exists because of the foremost increase in number of terrorism attacks in Pakistan.

  20. Defragmenting the effect of major news announcements on financial markets

    Ikhlaas Gurrib

    2014-01-01

    The issue of High Frequency Trading (HFT) and its impact on financial markets is hitting the headlines hard nowadays. This paper looks at the effects of three major news announcements on two major currency pairs namely the Australian dollar against the US dollar and the Euro against the US dollar. The three major news announcements are the cash rate from the Reserve Bank of Australia, the minimum bid rate from European Central Bank (ECB) and the official bank rate from the Bank of England.  A...

  1. Defragmenting the Effect of Major News Announcements on Financial Markets

    Ikhlaas Gurrib

    2014-01-01

    The issue of High Frequency Trading (HFT) and its impact on financial markets is hitting the headlines hard nowadays. This paper looks at the effects of three major news announcements on two major currency pairs namely the Australian dollar against the US dollar and the Euro against the US dollar. The three major news announcements are the cash rate from the Reserve Bank of Australia, the minimum bid rate from European Central Bank (ECB) and the official bank rate from the Bank of England. A ...

  2. Brexit (probability) and effects on financial market stability

    Krause, Thomas; Noth, Felix; Tonzer, Lena

    2016-01-01

    [Background] On 23 June 2016, there will be a referendum in the United Kingdom (UK) on the stay of the country in the European Union (EU). Based on recent poll data, the share of supporters and opponents of an exit varies around 50% (see Figure 1). Opponents of the UK breaking up with Brussels („Brexit“) refer to high costs in terms of stagnating economic growth if the UK leaves the EU. The risk of reduced trade, declining foreign direct investment, and a lower degree of financial market inte...

  3. Jump Telegraph Processes and Financial Markets with Memory

    Nikita Ratanov

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper develops a new class of financial market models. These models are based on generalized telegraph processes with alternating velocities and jumps occurring at switching velocities. The model under consideration is arbitrage-free and complete if the directions of jumps in stock prices are in a certain correspondence with their velocity and with the behaviour of the interest rate. A risk-neutral measure and arbitrage-free formulae for a standard call option are constructed. This model has some features of models with memory, but it is more simple.

  4. MiFID, Markets in Financial Instruments Directive

    Fernández González, Javier

    2013-01-01

    La Directiva de Mercados de Instrumentos Financieros, más conocida por sus siglas en inglés, MiFID (Markets in Financial Instruments Directive) tiene unos planteamientos iniciales difíciles de rebatir: protección del inversor, transparencia, eliminación de monopolios en el mercado, crear un mercado único,… Esto no implica sólo cambios organizativos si no que conlleva también un cambio cultural, con mayor atención a los clientes. Tal es así, que uno de los principales objetivos de esta normati...

  5. The importance of financial market development on the relationship between loan guarantees for SMEs and local market employment rates

    CRAIG E. ARMSTRONG; Ben R. Craig; Jackson, William E.; Thomson, James B.

    2010-01-01

    We empirically examine whether a major government intervention in the small-firm credit market yields significantly better results in markets that are less financially developed. The government intervention that we investigate is SBA-guaranteed lending. The literature on financing small and medium size enterprises (SMEs) suggests that small firms may be exposed to a particular type of market failure associated with credit rationing. And SMEs in markets that are less financially developed will...

  6. Product Market Integration, Comparative Advantages and Labour Market Performance

    Andersen, Torben M.; Skaksen, Jan Rose

    2003-01-01

    Product Market Integration, Comparative Advantages and Labour Market Performance* In a two-country model with trade driven by comparative advantages, it is considered how imperfectly competitive labour markets are affected by lower frictions in international goods trade. Easier goods trading is equivalent to increased mobility of employment across countries and thus a change in the trade-off between wages and employment faced by wage setters. While the effects of product mar...

  7. Product Market Integration, Comparative Advantages and Labour Market Performance

    Andersen, Torben M.; Rose Skaksen, Jan

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, we set up a two-country general equilibrium modelwhere trade unions have wage bargaining power. We show that adecrease in trade distortions inducing further product market integrationgives rise to specialization gains as well as a labour market reformeffect. The implications of the...... labourmarket reform effect of product market integration is achieved despitean increase in the wage level.JEL Classification: F15, J30, J50.Keywords: Trade frictions, wage formation, employment, welfaregains....

  8. What happens to defined contribution accounts when labor markets and financial markets move together?

    Weller, Christian E; Wenger, Jeffrey B

    2009-01-01

    The relationship among earnings, savings, and retirement is well known; however, the linkage between labor market outcomes and financial market performance is generally unacknowledged. We examine the implications of the link between labor markets and financial markets for workers who save money in individual retirement accounts. Specifically, differences in labor market outcomes across groups may imply differences in the timing of investments, which may reduce savings over time for these groups compared to their counterparts. Using monthly data from the Current Population Survey (1979-2002), we generate hypothetical investment portfolios using stock and bond indices. We exploit differences across demographic groups in unemployment and wage growth and use these differences to examine each group's investment outcomes. We then disaggregate the total effects into short-term and long-term components. We find some evidence of short-term market timing effects on investment, but we find much larger long-term effects for some groups. Our findings suggest that, for many people, the retirement savings losses associated with the timing of markets are similar to the costs of annuitizing savings upon retirement. The differences are especially pronounced by education and gender. PMID:19806931

  9. Complementarity between Bilateral Trade and Financial Integration

    Shin, Kwanho; Yang, Doo Yong

    2006-01-01

    This paper explores the complementarities between bilateral trade in goods and financial assets. By utilizing a gravity model specification with an extended dataset in terms of time span and asset classification as well as alternative instrumental variables, we confirm the existence of positive evidence for complementarities. We find that common factors such as bilateral distance and other economic size variables that determine both cross-border trade and financial flows contribute to complem...

  10. Defragmenting the effect of major news announcements on financial markets

    Ikhlaas Gurrib

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The issue of High Frequency Trading (HFT and its impact on financial markets is hitting the headlines hard nowadays. This paper looks at the effects of three major news announcements on two major currency pairs namely the Australian dollar against the US dollar and the Euro against the US dollar. The three major news announcements are the cash rate from the Reserve Bank of Australia, the minimum bid rate from European Central Bank (ECB and the official bank rate from the Bank of England.  A one minute data interval analysis is used over a time period of four years.  Findings suggest the effects of the specific news under analysis to be insignificant for a trader to benefit from the fluctuations in the two major currency markets. The use of other macroeconomic news or higher frequency data is warranted to defragment the effects of major news announcements further.

  11. Forecasting Financial Market Annual Performance Measures: Further Evidence

    Edward J. Lusk

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Forecasting is simple; producing accurate forecasts is the essential task. Experience suggests that financial managers often assume that because models used in forecasting are appropriate that they are effective. This study addresses this assumption. Effective is taken to mean forecasts where the Absolute Percentage Error (APE is equal to or less than 10%. It has been reported that forecasts of the CAPM-β using the Bloomberg heuristic did not provide effective forecasts. We were interested to determine if the lack of forecasting accuracy is peculiar to β or is more pervasive. Approach: We expanded the analysis to include three measures of Excess Market Return: Jensen’s α (Jα, the Sharpe Performance Index (SPI and the Treynor Performance Index (TPI and two measures of market risk: we once again consider β and also a measure of non-market risk called idiosyncratic Risk (iR. We used information on 58 firms continuously traded on the NYSE or the NASDAQ from 1980 to and including 2008 to evaluate the effectiveness of forecasts of: Jα, SPI, TPI, β and iR. Results: Using Exponential Smoothing or (1,0,0 ARIMA models, we found no evidence that effective forecasts of these five market measures can be derived from such forecasting models. Conclusion/Recommendations: The important implication is: Financial Managers should be aware that even though they are they are using appropriate models to generate forecasts of Jα, SPI, TPI, β and iR that is no guarantee that such forecasts are effective. Finally, the authors’ results are posted on Scholarly Commons.

  12. Financial Integration in East Asia: An Empirical Investigation

    Lee, Hyun-Hoo; Huh, Hyeon-seung; Park, Donghyun

    2011-01-01

    The central objective of this paper is to empirically evaluate the degree of linkages among East Asian equity and bond markets. The primary contribution of our paper to the empirical literature is that we use a financial gravity model grounded in economic theory. Using data from the International Monetary Fund's Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey, we find that intra-East Asian financial asset holdings of four East Asian economies - Hong Kong, China; Japan; the Republic of Korea; and Sing...

  13. Dynamic effects of increasing heterogeneity in financial markets

    Despite canonical behavioural financial market models [Day R, Huang W. Bulls, bears and market sheep. J Econ Behav Org 1990;14:299-329], that use different types of agents (i.e., fundamentalist vs. chartists), we develop a model in which the source of instability is the interaction of groups that are homogeneous in the strategy they use, but have heterogeneous beliefs about the fundamental value of the asset. Specifically, heterogeneity arises among two groups of fundamentalists that follow gurus. We show that an increasing distance between beliefs (the degree of heterogeneity), leads first (i) to a pitchfork bifurcation to arise secondly (ii) it generates, together with a larger reaction to misalignment of both market maker and agents, the appearance of a periodic, or even, chaotic, price fluctuation; (iii) finally a homoclinic bifurcation [Dieci R, Bischi GI, Gardini L. From bi-stability to chaotic oscillations in a macroeconomic model. Chaos, Solitons and Fractals 2001;12:805-22] transforms a two piece chaotic set into a one piece chaotic set that generates bull and bear markets.

  14. Approaches to 'markets': the development of Shanghai as an international financial centre

    Lai, Karen P.Y.

    2007-01-01

    This thesis opens up the black box of ‘markets’ by scrutinising the process of market formation and examining its complexities in the context of Shanghai’s development as an international financial centre. The financial markets in Shanghai are framed, understood and acted upon differently by the Chinese local and central governments, regulatory institutions, local and foreign financial institutions and transnational interests. The construction of a financial centre in Shanghai is thus not onl...

  15. Coupled effects of market impact and asymmetric sensitivity in financial markets

    Zhong, Li-Xin; Xu, Wen-Juan; Ren, Fei; Shi, Yong-Dong

    2013-05-01

    By incorporating market impact and asymmetric sensitivity into the evolutionary minority game, we study the coevolutionary dynamics of stock prices and investment strategies in financial markets. Both the stock price movement and the investors’ global behavior are found to be closely related to the phase region they fall into. Within the region where the market impact is small, investors’ asymmetric response to gains and losses leads to the occurrence of herd behavior, when all the investors are prone to behave similarly in an extreme way and large price fluctuations occur. A linear relation between the standard deviation of stock price changes and the mean value of strategies is found. With full market impact, the investors tend to self-segregate into opposing groups and the introduction of asymmetric sensitivity leads to the disappearance of dominant strategies. Compared with the situations in the stock market with little market impact, the stock price fluctuations are suppressed and an efficient market occurs. Theoretical analyses indicate that the mechanism of phase transition from clustering to self-segregation in the present model is similar to that in the majority-minority game and the occurrence and disappearance of efficient markets are related to the competition between the trend-following and the trend-aversion forces. The clustering of the strategies in the present model results from the majority-wins effect and the wealth-driven mechanism makes the market become predictable.

  16. Bank-based and market-based financial systems - cross-country comparisons

    Demirguc-Kunt, Asli; Levine, Ross

    1999-01-01

    What are the relative advantages and disadvantages of bank-based financial systems (as in Germany and Japan) and market-based financial systems (as in England and the United States). Does financial structure matter? In bank-based systems banks play a leading role in mobilizing savings, allocating capital, overseeing the investment decisions of corporate managers, and providing risk management vehicles. In market-based systems securities markets share center stage with banks in getting society...

  17. FDI and Local Financial Market Development:A Granger Causality Test Using Panel Data

    Abdel Aal Mahmoud, Ashraf

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports the findings of Granger causality tests on the relationship between foreign direct investment (henceforth, FDI) and local financial market development across 62 countries from 1996 to 2007. In this paper we explore whether local financial market development is important in catalyzing the flow of foreign direct investment. findings results are robust to different measures of financial market development. Furthermore, the results indicate that most of the causal links are f...

  18. An econophysics approach to analyse uncertainty in financial markets: an application to the Portuguese stock market

    Dionisio, A; Mendes, D A; Dionisio, Andreia; Menezes, Rui; Mendes, Diana A.

    2006-01-01

    In recent years there has been a closer interrelationship between several scientific areas trying to obtain a more realistic and rich explanation of the natural and social phenomena. Among these it should be emphasized the increasing interrelationship between physics and financial theory. In this field the analysis of uncertainty, which is crucial in financial analysis, can be made using measures of physics statistics and information theory, namely the Shannon entropy. One advantage of this approach is that the entropy is a more general measure than the variance, since it accounts for higher order moments of a probability distribution function. An empirical application was made using data collected from the Portuguese Stock Market.

  19. Impact of global financial crisis on stylized facts between energy markets and stock markets

    Leng, Tan Kim; Cheong, Chin Wen; Hooi, Tan Siow

    2014-06-01

    Understanding the stylized facts is extremely important and has becomes a hot issue nowadays. However, recent global financial crisis that started from United States had spread all over the world and adversely affected the commodities and financial sectors of both developed and developing countries. This paper tends to examine the impact of crisis on stylized facts between energy and stock markets using ARCH-family models based on the experience over 2008 global financial crisis. Empirical results denote that there is long lasting, persists and positively significant the autocorrelation function of absolute returns and their squares in both markets for before and during crisis. Besides that, leverage effects are found in stock markets whereby bad news has a greater impact on volatility than good news for both before and during crisis. However, crisis does not indicate any impact on risk-return tradeoff for both energy and stock markets. For forecasting evaluations, GARCH model and FIAPARCH model indicate superior out of sample forecasts for before and during crisis respectively.

  20. International financial integration and crisis intensity

    Rose, Andrew K

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyzes the causes of the 2008–2009 financial crisis together with its manifestations, using a Multiple Indicator Multiple Cause (MIMIC) model. The analysis is conducted on a cross-section of 85 economies; I focus on international financial linkages that may have both allowed the crisis to spread across economies, and/or provided insurance. The model of the cross-economy incidence of the crisis combines 2008–2009 changes in real gross domestic product (GDP), the stock marke...

  1. THE IMPACT OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS IN FINANCIAL MARKET: EMPIRICAL VERIFICATION WITH THE COMPANIES LISTED IN IbrX-50.

    Rodrigo Fonseca de Araújo; Roberto Silva da Penha

    2014-01-01

    The accounting information has shown great relevance in making investment decisions especially when dealing with financial market. Thus, this research aims to analyze in an empirical form whether the publication dates of the financial statements cause some influence on price and trading volume of the shares of companies that trade on the BM&FBOVESPA. Was used IBrX-50 to compose the sample, the analysis occurred with the financial statements for the first quarter of 2012. Mapped to the prices ...

  2. Rice market integration in southern Sumatra, Indonesia

    Yetty Oktarina

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates rice market integration among five provinces in southern Sumatra using data from monthly retail rice markets during 2004-2009. The degree of integration was measured across provinces using vector error correction model. Result revealed that there is spatial market integration in southern Sumatra. Province of Bangka Belitung can make price adjustment more quickly compared to others provinces. In the long run period, rice price in Jambi province, Lampung province, and Bangka Belitung province became a reference price of rice in southern Sumatra. The study suggests policy recommendation for government to intervention this situation.

  3. Rural Finance and Developments in Philippine Rural Financial Markets: Issues and Policy Research Challenges

    Llanto, Gilberto M.

    2004-01-01

    The shift to a market-oriented credit and financial policy was expected to spur rural financing by the private sector that would help usher growth in the agriculture and rural areas. However, the rural areas have continued to suffer from the lack of access to financial services of banks. Despite government efforts to increase the flow of credit towards the rural sector, formal financial institutions have largely ignored the sector. Lack of financial depth and very limited access to financial ...

  4. Evidence on the Efficient Market Hypothesis from 44 Global Financial Market Indexes

    Huijian Dong

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper employs Granger causality tests to identify the impacts of historical information from global financial markets on their current levels in 30-day windows. The dataset consists primarily of the daily index levels of the (1 open, (2 closed, (3 intraday high, (4 intraday low, and (5 trading volume series for the world’s 37 most influential equity market indexes, two crude oil prices, a gold price, and four major money market prices in the United States are used as control groups. Our results indicate a persistent impact of historical information from global markets on their current levels, and this impact duplicates itself in a cyclical pattern consistently over decades. Such persistence in the patterns causes some market indexes to be upgraded to global or regional market leaders. These findings can be interpreted as constituting violations of the weak-form efficient market hypothesis. The results also reveal recursive impacts of information in these markets and the existence of an information digestion effect.

  5. Financial News and Market Panics in the Age of Highfrequency Sentiment Trading Algorithms

    Kleinnijenhuis, Jan; Schultz, Friederike; Oegema, Dirk;

    2013-01-01

    that new information gives immediately rise to a new equilibrium. The EMH is under discussion, however, as a result of the transformation of financial markets and of financial journalism due to new economic thoughts, new communication theories, high-frequency trading and high-frequency sentiment analysis......Whether financial news may contribute to market panics is not an innocent question. A positive answer is easily used as a legitimation to limit the freedom of financial journalists. Long-term effects of news are moreover inconsistent with the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH), which maintains....... As a case study of a market panic we show the impact of US news, UK news and Dutch news on three Dutch banks during the financial crisis of 2007–9. To avoid market panics, financial journalists may strive for greater transparency, not only on asset prices and corporate philosophies, but also on network...

  6. HERDING BEHAVIOR UNDER MARKETS CONDITION: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE ON THE EUROPEAN FINANCIAL MARKETS

    Moatemri Ouarda

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study presents four main contributions to the literature of behavior herding. Firstly, it extends the behavioral researches of herding of the investors on a developed market and mainly on a European market as a whole. Secondly, we are interested in examination of herding behavior at the level of sectors by using data at the levels of companies. Thirdly, this document estimates the implications of herding behavior in terms of returns, volatility and volume of transaction. Fourthly, the herding behavior is revealed as well during the period of the recent global financial crisis in 2007-2008 and of Asian crisis. Our results reveal a strong evidence of herding behavior sharply contributed to a bearish situation characterized by a strong volatility and a trading volume. The repercussion of herding during the period of the recent financial crisis is clearly revealed for the sectors of the finance and the technology.

  7. The Causality Relationship between Financial Market Indexes and Financial Ratios: Evidence from Amman Stock Exchange

    Ghaith N. Al-Eitan; Nofan Hamed Al Oleemat

    2015-01-01

    This study examines the effect of financial ratios on financial indexes. For this purpose, the financial indexes of ASE are examined. In the study, the relation between financial indexes performance and financial ratios are analyzed by time series data. In the analysis 4 financial indexes between 2010 and 2014 have been analyzed. The dependent variable of the study is financial indexes; the independent variables are financial ratios. This study contributes to the body of knowledge by estimati...

  8. A review on the Integrated Marketing Communication

    Kumar, G. Santosh

    2016-01-01

    In the present world of business companies are majorly following the Integrated marketing communication when compared to the traditional marketing communications /marketing mix as a consumer oriented approach that has significantly influenced thinking and acting among all types of companies and organizations facing the realities of competition in the present open economy where the consumer decision is playing a vital role in the purchasing pattern of goods and services that lead to go for IMC...

  9. IMMIGRANTS’ LABOUR MARKET INTEGRATION IN ROMANIA

    Aurica-Iris ALEXE

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyses the labour immigration trends in Romania in the context of an evolving institutional, social and economic environment. It investigates the access and participation of the immigrant workforce into the Romanian labour market through the main labour market indicators and it provides an overall view on the immigrants’ labour market integration by using different migrant specific data and descriptive statistics. The paper discusses the advantages and possible socio-economic con...

  10. Political leaders and financial markets: A quantitative study of the markets response to changing political leadership

    Osa, Peder Berrefjord

    2014-01-01

    Policy priorities, which are set by political leaders, determine the economic-institutional environment in which financial actors operate. How investors react to changes in policies is, however, still an open issue. This thesis sets out to investigate how stock markets react to changes to the political leadership of a country. Few political events better illustrate uncertainty around future policies than changes in the executive leadership. Regardless, few political scientists have set out to...

  11. Merging Advertising and PR: Integrated Marketing Communications.

    Rose, Patricia B.; Miller, Debra A.

    1994-01-01

    Identifies and compares the perceived educational needs of advertising and public relations practitioners. Explores differences between practitioners in small versus large markets, and assesses practitioners' beliefs about integrated marketing communications (the merger of advertising and public relations under a single organizational unit). (SR)

  12. Integrating Sustainability Education into International Marketing Curricula

    Perera, Chamila Roshani; Hewege, Chandana Rathnasiri

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to extend the current knowledge of curriculum developments in international business and marketing curricula. Integrating sustainability into business and marketing curricula of the universities are widely debated in previous literature. Sustainability is a global phenomenon; however, curriculum development…

  13. Integrating Strategic Marketing on an Institutional Level.

    Liu, Sandra S.

    1998-01-01

    Higher education differs from other service enterprises in its social responsibility and the context for decision making. An integrated marketing strategy based on the identified positioning of the institution plays a crucial role in successful enrollment and long-term institutional development. Marketing can make a significant contribution to…

  14. The Integration of Arab Emerging Markets

    Naser I Abumustafa

    2006-01-01

    Naser I. Abumustafa presents a review of the functions, regulations, and definitions of Arab emerging stock markets, identifying the barriers and solutions to potential integration of Arab stock markets. Development (2006) 49, 81–85. doi:10.1057/palgrave.development.1100249

  15. Market Integration, Choice of Technology and Welfare

    Hansen, Jørgen Drud; Nielsen, Jørgen Ulff-Møller

    2010-01-01

    technologies. Market integration may induce a technological restructuring where firms either diversify their technologies or switch to a homogeneous technology. In general, market integration improves welfare. However, a small decrease of trade costs which induces a switch from heterogeneous technologies to a...... homogeneous technology may locally reduce global welfare. The model also shows that productivity differences lead to intra-industry firm heterogeneity in size and exports similar to the "new-new" trade models with monopolistic competition....

  16. Vertical integration and performance in marketing channels

    Childerley, Angela M.

    1980-01-01

    Since the late 1960's there has been an increasing tendency to analyse marketing channels as social systems rather than as economic systems. Despite this, the relationship between vertical integration and performance in marketing channels has continued to be analysed from an economic perspective. In this study, not only is a social systems approach adopted to examine the relationship between vertical integration and performance, but certain additional features are also...

  17. Marketing's integration with other departments

    KENNETH B. KAHN

    1994-01-01

    In light of greater emphasis on horizontal management and team-oriented approaches to product development/management, there is a growing need to better understand interdepartmental integration. To meet this need, this dissertation proposed a model of interdepartmental integration, which distinguished integration as a composite of interaction and collaboration. Incorporating contingency and sociotechnical theories, two main research propositions were developed and serve...

  18. Is oil supply choked by financial market pressures?

    Since the late 1990s, financial analysts have focused strongly on short-term profitability for benchmarking and valuation of international oil and gas companies. The increasing pressure for strict capital discipline among oil and gas companies may have reduced their willingness to invest for future reserves and production growth. The current high oil price is partly due to low exploration activity in the oil industry the last decade. We present and discuss the background for this development-based on previous academic research, industry trends and current valuation practices. An estimated econometric model of stock market valuation among oil and gas companies suggests that analysts and companies have put exaggerate weight on short-term earnings and accounting profitability. We therefore expect that the attention will shift back to long-term reserve and production growth

  19. Does Expectation of Correlation Breakdown in Financial Market Fulfill Itself?

    Paolo Falbo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper develops a model appeared in the literature whose focus was the way rational risk averse investors anticipate the correlation breakdowns of asset returns in periods of excess demand. That model analysed the dynamics of the “expected” returns of the risky asset, and their consistency with empirical evidence. However, the same model did not provide any evidence on actual correlation generated by the dynamics of returns. A model to link asset returns to excess demand is required to analyse the implied correlation between the securities traded. In this work we estimate such a model. Results confirm that the expected and ex-post correlation tend to move closely. In other words a self-fulfilling prophecy about correlation breakdown can take place, even when rational agents dominate the financial market.

  20. Dynamical Stochastic Processes of Returns in Financial Markets

    Lim, G; Kim, S Y; Yoon, S M; Zhou, J; Kim, Kyungsik; Kim, Soo Yong; Lim, Gyuchang; Yoon, Seong-Min; Zhou, Junyuan

    2005-01-01

    We study the evolution of probability distribution functions of returns, from the tick data of the Korean treasury bond (KTB) futures and the S$&$P 500 stock index, which can be described by means of the Fokker-Planck equation. We show that the Fokker-Planck equation and the Langevin equation from the estimated Kramers-Moyal coefficients are estimated directly from the empirical data. By analyzing the statistics of the returns, we present quantitatively the deterministic and random influences on financial time series for both markets, for which we can give a simple physical interpretation. We particularly focus on the diffusion coefficient that may be significantly important for the creation of a portfolio.